Powered by Deep Web Technologies
Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "monitoring sensor network" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Wireless sensor networks for habitat monitoring  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We provide an in-depth study of applying wireless sensor networks to real-world habitat monitoring. A set of system design requirements are developed that cover the hardware design of the nodes, the design of the sensor network, and the capabilities ... Keywords: environmental monitoring, habitat monitoring, low power systems, sensor network architecture, wireless sensor networks

Alan Mainwaring; David Culler; Joseph Polastre; Robert Szewczyk; John Anderson

2002-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

A wireless sensor network For structural monitoring  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Structural monitoring---the collection and analysis of structural response to ambient or forced excitation--is an important application of networked embedded sensing with significant commercial potential. The first generation of sensor networks for structural ... Keywords: Wisden, sensor network, structural health monitoring

Ning Xu; Sumit Rangwala; Krishna Kant Chintalapudi; Deepak Ganesan; Alan Broad; Ramesh Govindan; Deborah Estrin

2004-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

Networked computing in wireless sensor networks for structural health monitoring  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper studies the problem of distributed computation over a network of wireless sensors. While this problem applies to many emerging applications, to keep our discussion concrete, we will focus on sensor networks used for structural health monitoring. ... Keywords: clustering, degree-constrained data collection tree, networked computing, singular value decomposition (SVD), structural health monitoring (SHM), wireless sensor networks (WSNs)

Apoorva Jindal; Mingyan Liu

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

Underground Structure Monitoring with Wireless Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

University of Science and Technology {limo, liu}@cse.ust.hk ABSTRACT Environment monitoring in coal mines, Underground, Coal Mine 1. INTRODUCTION A Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) is a self-organized wireless network and widths of several meters) has been a crucial task to ensure safe working conditions in coal mines where

Liu, Yunhao

5

PIPENETa wireless sensor network for pipeline monitoring  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

US water utilities are faced with mounting operational and maintenance costs as a result of aging pipeline infrastructures. Leaks and ruptures in water supply pipelines and blockages and overflow events in sewer collectors cost millions of dollars a ... Keywords: Intel mote platforms, pipeline monitoring, water supply systems, wireless sensor networks

Ivan Stoianov; Lama Nachman; Sam Madden; Timur Tokmouline

2007-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

Sensor networks for high-resolution monitoring of volcanic activity  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We developed and deployed a wireless sensor network for monitoring seismoacoustic activity at Volcán Reventador, Ecuador. Wireless sensor networks are a new technology and our group is among the first to apply them to monitoring volcanoes. The ...

Matt Welsh; Geoff Werner-Allen; Konrad Lorincz; Omar Marcillo; Jeff Johnson; Mario Ruiz; Jonathan Lees

2005-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Spatiotemporal anomaly detection in gas monitoring sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we use Bayesian Networks as a means for unsupervised learning and anomaly (event) detection in gas monitoring sensor networks for underground coal mines. We show that the Bayesian Network model can learn cyclical baselines for gas concentrations, ...

X. Rosalind Wang; Joseph T. Lizier; Oliver Obst; Mikhail Prokopenko; Peter Wang

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

SensorScope: Application-specific sensor network for environmental monitoring  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

SensorScope is a turnkey solution for environmental monitoring systems, based on a wireless sensor network and resulting from a collaboration between environmental and network researchers. Given the interest in climate change, environmental monitoring ... Keywords: Architecture, deployment, environmental monitoring, implementation, wireless sensor network

François Ingelrest; Guillermo Barrenetxea; Gunnar Schaefer; Martin Vetterli; Olivier Couach; Marc Parlange

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

A secure monitoring and control system for Wireless Sensor Networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The maintenance of Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) can carry high or prohibitive costs, particularly, if the WSN is deployed in unattended areas. Secure monitoring and control of the WSN is vital, however, practical systems are rare and limited with ... Keywords: Monitoring,Wireless sensor networks,Control systems,Intrusion detection,Elliptic curve cryptography

Michael Riecker, Rainer Thome, Dingwen Yuan, Matthias Hollick

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

Health monitoring of civil infrastructures using wireless sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) for Structural Health Monitoring (SHM) is designed, implemented, deployed and tested on the 4200ft long main span and the south tower of the Golden Gate Bridge (GGB). Ambient structural vibrations are reliably measured ... Keywords: deployment, large-scale, structural health monitoring, wireless sensor networks

Sukun Kim; Shamim Pakzad; David Culler; James Demmel; Gregory Fenves; Steven Glaser; Martin Turon

2007-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Agent-Based Petroleum Offshore Monitoring Using Sensor Networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper investigates the architecture and design of agent-based sensor networks for petroleum offshore monitoring. A few challenges to monitor the reservoir, wellbore and wellhead are identified. Moreover, the necessary components for a reliable, ... Keywords: Petroleum offshore, sensors, agent, query optimization

Sajid Hussain; M Rafiqul Islam; Elhadi Shakshuki; M. S. Zaman

2006-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

Wireless sensor networks for structural and environmental monitoring  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The article discusses various applications of Wireless Sensor Networks (WNS) in environment and civil engineering constructions monitoring with a particular emphasis on the evaluation of the influence of individual node failures on the operation of the ...

Igor Dunajewski

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

Mobile sensor network to monitor wastewater collection pipelines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Advanced pipeline monitoringDesign of mobile pipeline floating sensor “SewerSnortIllustration of mobile pipeline floating sensor monitoring

Lim, Jungsoo

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Underground Coal Mine Monitoring with Wireless Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

10 Underground Coal Mine Monitoring with Wireless Sensor Networks MO LI and YUNHAO LIU Hong Kong University of Science and Technology Environment monitoring in coal mines is an important application queries under instable circumstances. A prototype is deployed with 27 mica2 motes in a real coal mine. We

Liu, Yunhao

15

Monitoring Energy Consumption In Wireless Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

sequences of temperature maps. It is used to compare and evaluate beacon-less geographic routing algorithms information to divide the network into fixed square grids and nodes in each grid alternate between sleeping between dominating and dominated. ­ Transmission power control: The transmission power of the nodes

Turau, Volker

16

Wireless Sensor Network for Electric Transmission Line Monitoring  

SciTech Connect

Generally, federal agencies tasked to oversee power grid reliability are dependent on data from grid infrastructure owners and operators in order to obtain a basic level of situational awareness. Since there are many owners and operators involved in the day-to-day functioning of the power grid, the task of accessing, aggregating and analyzing grid information from these sources is not a trivial one. Seemingly basic tasks such as synchronizing data timestamps between many different data providers and sources can be difficult as evidenced during the post-event analysis of the August 2003 blackout. In this project we investigate the efficacy and cost effectiveness of deploying a network of wireless power line monitoring devices as a method of independently monitoring key parts of the power grid as a complement to the data which is currently available to federal agencies from grid system operators. Such a network is modeled on proprietary power line monitoring technologies and networks invented, developed and deployed by Genscape, a Louisville, Kentucky based real-time energy information provider. Genscape measures transmission line power flow using measurements of electromagnetic fields under overhead high voltage transmission power lines in the United States and Europe. Opportunities for optimization of the commercial power line monitoring technology were investigated in this project to enable lower power consumption, lower cost and improvements to measurement methodologies. These optimizations were performed in order to better enable the use of wireless transmission line monitors in large network deployments (perhaps covering several thousand power lines) for federal situational awareness needs. Power consumption and cost reduction were addressed by developing a power line monitor using a low power, low cost wireless telemetry platform known as the ''Mote''. Motes were first developed as smart sensor nodes in wireless mesh networking applications. On such a platform, it has been demonstrated in this project that wireless monitoring units can effectively deliver real-time transmission line power flow information for less than $500 per monitor. The data delivered by such a monitor has during the course of the project been integrated with a national grid situational awareness visualization platform developed by Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Novel vibration energy scavenging methods based on piezoelectric cantilevers were also developed as a proposed method to power such monitors, with a goal of further cost reduction and large-scale deployment. Scavenging methods developed during the project resulted in 50% greater power output than conventional cantilever-based vibrational energy scavenging devices typically used to power smart sensor nodes. Lastly, enhanced and new methods for electromagnetic field sensing using multi-axis magnetometers and infrared reflectometry were investigated for potential monitoring applications in situations with a high density of power lines or high levels of background 60 Hz noise in order to isolate power lines of interest from other power lines in close proximity. The goal of this project was to investigate and demonstrate the feasibility of using small form factor, highly optimized, low cost, low power, non-contact, wireless electric transmission line monitors for delivery of real-time, independent power line monitoring for the US power grid. The project was divided into three main types of activity as follows; (1) Research into expanding the range of applications for non-contact power line monitoring to enable large scale low cost sensor network deployments (Tasks 1, 2); (2) Optimization of individual sensor hardware components to reduce size, cost and power consumption and testing in a pilot field study (Tasks 3,5); and (3) Demonstration of the feasibility of using the data from the network of power line monitors via a range of custom developed alerting and data visualization applications to deliver real-time information to federal agencies and others tasked with grid reliability (Tasks 6,8)

Alphenaar, Bruce

2009-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

17

A green wireless sensor network for environmental monitoring and risk identification  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A sensor-based community network for environmental data gathering and predictive analysis has been developed. A mesh network of wireless sensors reports data to a central site for environmental monitoring and risk identification. Data analysis and ...

Patricia Morreale; Feng Qi; Paul Croft

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Area temperature system monitoring and computing based on adaptive fuzzy logic in wireless sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The many subfields in the wireless sensor networking literature include data fusion, data aggregation, remote environmental monitoring, sensing (temperature, pressure speed) and various military applications. The distance between sensor nodes can be ... Keywords: Fuzzy logic, Monitoring, RSSI, Temperature, WSN

Ing-Jiunn Su; Chia-Chih Tsai; Wen-Tsai Sung

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Self Actuating Condition Monitoring Sensor Network and Energy Harvesting Sensors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This reportreferred to as theSmart Network reportis the first in a series on Smart Networks. It follows many reports produced by the Electric Power Research Institute's (EPRI's) Nuclear Sector that introduce new, smart technologies to nuclear plants that have been in operation for many years. A word of caution: a plant cannot just suddenly deploy a Smart Network when an operational issue occurs. Planning, capital, training, and time are required to make a Smart Network successful in a plant.

2008-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

20

Survey Focal design issues affecting the deployment of wireless sensor networks for pipeline monitoring  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Wireless sensor networks (WSNs) are a target technology for oil and gas pipeline monitoring because they offer benefits of low cost, ease of deployment and ability to cater for data acquisition at great spatial and temporal scales. In order for WSN to ... Keywords: Energy harvesting, Localization, Network reliability, Oil and gas pipeline monitoring, Power efficiency, Sensing modality, Wireless sensor networks

Gbenga Owojaiye; Yichuang Sun

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "monitoring sensor network" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Wireless sensor network survey  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A wireless sensor network (WSN) has important applications such as remote environmental monitoring and target tracking. This has been enabled by the availability, particularly in recent years, of sensors that are smaller, cheaper, and intelligent. These ... Keywords: Protocols, Sensor network deployment, Sensor network services, Survey, Wireless sensor network

Jennifer Yick; Biswanath Mukherjee; Dipak Ghosal

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Optimal Resource Allocation for Pervasive Health Monitoring Systems with Body Sensor Networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Pervasive health monitoring is an eHealth service, which plays an important role in prevention and early detection of diseases. There are two major challenges in pervasive health monitoring systems with Body Sensor Networks (BSNs). The first challenge ... Keywords: Body sensor networks, pervasive health monitoring, optimal resource allocation, quality of service (QoS), sustainable power supply, energy harvesting, convex optimization.

Yifeng He; Wenwu Zhu; Ling Guan

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

Development of a Remote Monitoring Sensor Network for In-Situ Decommissioned Structures  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

10-01666, Revision 0 10-01666, Revision 0 Key Words: in situ decommissioning sensor remote monitoring end state Retention: Permanent DEVELOPMENT OF A REMOTE MONITORING SENSOR NETWORK FOR IN SITU DECOMMISSIONED STRUCTURES Panel Report November 2010 Savannah River National Laboratory Savannah River Nuclear Solutions Aiken, SC 29808 Prepared for the U.S. Department of Energy Under Contract Number DE-AC09-08SR22470 Development of a Remote Monitoring Sensor Network Page 2 of 34

24

Original paper: ZigBee-based wireless sensor network localization for cattle monitoring in grazing fields  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents the design of a localization scheme in wireless sensor networks (WSN) for cattle monitoring applications in grazing fields. No additional hardware was required for distance estimation since they were performed using the link quality ... Keywords: Cattle monitoring, Energy-efficient, Localization, Low-cost, Wireless sensor networks, ZigBee

Juan Ignacio Huircán; Carlos Muñoz; Héctor Young; Ludwig Von Dossow; Jaime Bustos; Gabriel Vivallo; Marcelo Toneatti

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Wireless Sensor Network for Monitoring of Historic Structures under Rehabilitation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The use of a wireless sensor network (WSN) to monitor an historic structure under rehabilitation is the focus of this research. To thoroughly investigate the issue, two main objectives are addressed: the development of a reliable WSN tailored for use in historic structures, and the implementation of the monitoring system in the field to test the feasibility of the WSN and its applicability for structural health monitoring (SHM). Three field studies are undertaken in this research. The Frankford Church, an historic wooden church which required foundation replacement, is the first field study. Sensors monitor tilt of the church’s walls throughout construction. During the construction process, the entire floor of the church is removed and the tree stump foundations are replaced by concrete masonry unit (CMU) blocks and steel pedestals. The tilt in the walls is correlated to the construction process. St. Paul Lutheran, an historic masonry church with timber-framed roof, constitutes the second field study. In this structure, the foundations along the exterior walls are underpinned and the floors are removed and replaced with a floating concrete slab. Detected movements are also correlated to the construction efforts. The Johanniskirche, an historic masonry church with moisture problems, is the final field study case. Real-time and past measured WSN climate data is used to determine the most appropriate solution for the humid climate and resulting condensation problems in this structure. From these results, a moisture migration risk analysis protocol is created for use with a WSN to address condensation issues. The results of the tilt monitoring indicate that the approach is realistic to monitor tilt in the walls of historic structures. For future research, it is recommended to implement motes with higher tilt sensitivity. Also, further development of energy saving algorithms and energy harvesting methods will improve the WSN’s performance. Climate monitoring results show it is feasible to monitor climate conditions of historic structures. The moisture migration protocol provides a basis for further improvement. Implementation of this tool will help predict condensation events and prevent future damage to the historic structure.

Samuels, Julie Marie

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Development of software architecture for environmental monitoring using wireless sensor networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this thesis, I describe the development of the software architecture for temperature monitoring using Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN). The goal of the software is to provide a means to remotely monitor and analyze ...

Hari, Piyush

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Landslide monitoring with sensor networks: experiences and lessons learnt from a real-world deployment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Wireless sensor networks have the potentials to be a very useful technology for fine-grained monitoring in remote and hostile environments. This paper reports on the implementation and deployment of a system for landslide monitoring in the Northern ...

Alberto Rosi; Matteo Berti; Nicola Bicocchi; Gabriella Castelli; Alessandro Corsini; Marco Mamei; Franco Zambonelli

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Development of a Remote Monitoring Sensor Network for In-Situ  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

a Remote Monitoring Sensor Network for In-Situ a Remote Monitoring Sensor Network for In-Situ Decommissioned Structures Development of a Remote Monitoring Sensor Network for In-Situ Decommissioned Structures On October 19-22, 2010, an independent expert panel of scientists and engineers met to assist the Department of Energy (DOE) and the Savannah River National Laboratory in developing a technical report that recommends the best sensing and concrete technologies for monitoring and isolating contaminants within highly-radioactive nuclear structures in the DOE in situ decommissioning program. This document identifies the recommendations of the panel for shortand long-term objectives needed to develop a remote monitoring network for the C Reactor Building at the Savannah River Site. Development of a Remote Monitoring Sensor Network for In-Situ

29

Development of a Remote Monitoring Sensor Network for In-Situ  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Development of a Remote Monitoring Sensor Network for In-Situ Development of a Remote Monitoring Sensor Network for In-Situ Decommissioned Structures Development of a Remote Monitoring Sensor Network for In-Situ Decommissioned Structures On October 19-22, 2010, an independent expert panel of scientists and engineers met to assist the Department of Energy (DOE) and the Savannah River National Laboratory in developing a technical report that recommends the best sensing and concrete technologies for monitoring and isolating contaminants within highly-radioactive nuclear structures in the DOE in situ decommissioning program. This document identifies the recommendations of the panel for shortand long-term objectives needed to develop a remote monitoring network for the C Reactor Building at the Savannah River Site. Development of a Remote Monitoring Sensor Network for In-Situ

30

Fidelity and yield in a volcano monitoring sensor network  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a science-centric evaluation of a 19-day sensor network deployment at Reventador, an active volcano in Ecuador. Each of the 16 sensors continuously sampled seismic and acoustic data at 100 Hz. Nodes used an event-detection algorithm to trigger ...

Geoff Werner-Allen; Konrad Lorincz; Jeff Johnson; Jonathan Lees; Matt Welsh

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

SWATS: Wireless sensor networks for steamflood and waterflood pipeline monitoring  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

State-of-the-art anomaly detection systems deployed in oilfields are expensive, not scalable to a large number of sensors, require manual operation, and provide data with a long delay. To overcome these problems, we design a wireless sensor network system ...

Sunhee Yoon; Wei Ye; J. Heidemann; B. Littlefield; C. Shahabi

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Energy Harvesting for Structural Health Monitoring Sensor Networks  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report has been developed based on information exchanges at a 2.5-day workshop on energy harvesting for embedded structural health monitoring (SHM) sensing systems that was held June 28-30, 2005, at Los Alamos National Laboratory. The workshop was hosted by the LANL/UCSD Engineering Institute (EI). This Institute is an education- and research-focused collaboration between Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) and the University of California, San Diego (UCSD), Jacobs School of Engineering. A Statistical Pattern Recognition paradigm for SHM is first presented and the concept of energy harvesting for embedded sensing systems is addressed with respect to the data acquisition portion of this paradigm. Next, various existing and emerging sensing modalities used for SHM and their respective power requirements are summarized, followed by a discussion of SHM sensor network paradigms, power requirements for these networks and power optimization strategies. Various approaches to energy harvesting and energy storage are discussed and limitations associated with the current technology are addressed. This discussion also addresses current energy harvesting applications and system integration issues. The report concludes by defining some future research directions and possible technology demonstrations that are aimed at transitioning the concept of energy harvesting for embedded SHM sensing systems from laboratory research to field-deployed engineering prototypes.

G. Park, C. R. Farrar, M. D. Todd, W. Hodgkiss, T. Rosing

2007-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

33

Specification verification and validation of wireless sensor network model for environment monitoring  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we propose methodology for modeling and development of wireless sensor network (WSN) application for monitoring, quantifying, verifying and validating organization GHG information. We have discussed preliminary activities and challenges ... Keywords: fault tolerance, formal methods, wireless sensor network (WSN)

R Jaichandran; A. Anthony Irudhayaraj

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Design and evaluation of a hybrid sensor network for cane toad monitoring  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This article investigates a wireless acoustic sensor network application—monitoring amphibian populations in the monsoonal woodlands of northern Australia. Our goal is to use automatic recognition of animal vocalizations to census the populations ... Keywords: Sensor networks, acoustic, application, high frequency sampling, hybrid, solar energy

Wen Hu; Nirupama Bulusu; Chun Tung Chou; Sanjay Jha; Andrew Taylor; Van Nghia Tran

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

A Scalable and Energy-Efficient Context Monitoring Framework for Mobile Personal Sensor Networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The key feature of many emerging pervasive computing applications is to proactively provide services to mobile individuals. One major challenge in providing users with proactive services lies in continuously monitoring users' context based on numerous ... Keywords: Context monitoring, shared and incremental processing, sensor control, energy efficiency, personal computing, portable devices, ubiquitous computing, wireless sensor network, pervasive computing.

Seungwoo Kang; Jinwon Lee; Hyukjae Jang; Youngki Lee; Souneil Park; Junehwa Song

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Model-Based Optimal Sensor Network Design for Condition Monitoring in an IGCC Plant  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Optimal Sensor Network Optimal Sensor Network Design for Condition Monitoring in an IGCC Plant Background The U.S. Department of Energy's National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) develops affordable and clean energy from coal and other fossil fuels to secure a sustainable energy economy. To further this mission, NETL funds research and development of advanced sensor and control technologies that can function under the extreme operating conditions often found in advanced power systems,

37

The design and implementation of real-time environment monitoring systems based on wireless sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This research focuses on the implementation of a real-time environment monitoring system for environment detection using wireless sensor networks. The purpose of our research is to construct the system on the real-time environment with the technology ...

Kyung-Hoon Jung; Seok-Cheol Lee; Hyun-Suk Hwang; Chang-Soo Kim

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Brimon: a sensor network system for railway bridge monitoring  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Railway systems are critical in many regions, and can consist of several tens of thousands of bridges, being used over several decades. It is critical to have a system to monitor the health of these bridges and report when and where maintenance operations ... Keywords: bottom-up design, event detection, mobile data transfer, power-efficient operation, wireless sensor applications

Kameswari Chebrolu; Bhaskaran Raman; Nilesh Mishra; Phani Kumar Valiveti; Raj Kumar

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Substation-Wide Monitoring Through Applications of Networked Wireless Sensor Devices  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report presents the work performed by researchers at the University of North Carolina at Charlotte on an EPRI-sponsored project involving the development of a wireless sensor network for substation monitoring. Wireless sensor networking is an emerging technology, and its application to substation monitoring has substantial economic as well as functional benefits. This report describes the challenges faced, technologies used, design strategies developed, and lessons learned from the various experimen...

2007-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

40

The Design and Evaluation of a Wireless Sensor Network for Mine Safety Monitoring  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

motes for several times in Dayan Coal Mine, Inner Mongolia province. As shown in Fig.3(a), sensor nodes mote experiment in Dayan Coal Mine (b) HHMSM prototype system deployed in a lab corridor (c) HHMSMThe Design and Evaluation of a Wireless Sensor Network for Mine Safety Monitoring Xiaoguang Niu12

Huang, Changcheng

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "monitoring sensor network" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

DEVELOPMENT OF A SENSOR NETWORK TEST BED FOR ISD MATERIALS AND STRUCUTRAL CONDITION MONITORING  

SciTech Connect

The P Reactor at the Savannah River Site is one of the first reactor facilities in the US DOE complex that has been placed in its end state through in situ decommissioning (ISD). The ISD end state consists of a grout-filled concrete civil structure within the concrete frame of the original building. To evaluate the feasibility and utility of remote sensors to provide verification of ISD system conditions and performance characteristics, an ISD Sensor Network Test Bed has been designed and deployed at the Savannah River National Laboratory. The test bed addresses the DOE-EM Technology Need to develop a remote monitoring system to determine and verify ISD system performance. Commercial off-the-shelf sensors have been installed on concrete blocks taken from walls of the P Reactor Building. Deployment of this low-cost structural monitoring system provides hands-on experience with sensor networks. The initial sensor system consists of: (1) Groutable thermistors for temperature and moisture monitoring; (2) Strain gauges for crack growth monitoring; (3) Tiltmeters for settlement monitoring; and (4) A communication system for data collection. Preliminary baseline data and lessons learned from system design and installation and initial field testing will be utilized for future ISD sensor network development and deployment.

Zeigler, K.; Ferguson, B.; Karapatakis, D.; Herbst, C.; Stripling, C.

2011-07-06T23:59:59.000Z

42

Knowledge-based duty cycle estimation in wireless sensor networks: Application for sound pressure monitoring  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Wireless sensor networks comprise an important research area and a near future for industry and communications. Wireless sensor networks contain resource-constrained sensor nodes that are powered by small batteries, limited process and memory and wireless ... Keywords: Constrained device, Fuzzy rule based system, Multi-agent system, Sound pressure, Wireless sensor network

J. C. Cuevas-Martinez; J. Canada-Bago; J. A. Fernandez-Prieto; M. A. Gadeo-Martos

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Use of sensors in monitoring civil structures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis surveys the use of sensors and sensor networks in monitoring civil structures, with particular emphasis on the monitoring of bridges and highways using fiber optic sensors. Following a brief review of the most ...

Daher, Bassam William, 1979-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Energy and task management in energy harvesting wireless sensor networks for structural health monitoring  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1. Energy Harvesting . . . . . . . . .2. Task Scheduling in Energy Harvesting WSNs 3. DataSensor Networks . . 2. Energy Harvesting . . . . . . . . 3.

Steck, Jamie Bradley

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Underground coal mine monitoring with wireless sensor networks - article no. 10  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Environment monitoring in coal mines is an important application of wireless sensor networks (WSNs) that has commercial potential. We discuss the design of a Structure-Aware Self-Adaptive WSN system, SASA. By regulating the mesh sensor network deployment and formulating a collaborative mechanism based on a regular beacon strategy, SASA is able to rapidly detect structure variations caused by underground collapses. We further develop a sound and robust mechanism for efficiently handling queries under instable circumstances. A prototype is deployed in a real coal mine. We present our implementation experiences as well as the experimental results. To better evaluate the scalability and reliability of SASA, we also conduct a large-scale trace-driven simulation based on real data collected from the experiments.

Li, M.; Liu, Y.H. [Hong Kong University of Science & Technology, Hong Kong (China)

2009-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

46

A survey on wireless sensor network infrastructure for agriculture  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The hybrid wireless sensor network is a promising application of wireless sensor networking techniques. The main difference between a hybrid WSN and a terrestrial wireless sensor network is the wireless underground sensor network, which communicates ... Keywords: Agriculture, Hybrid wireless sensor network, Information collection, Monitoring, Wireless underground sensor network

Xiaoqing Yu; Pute Wu; Wenting Han; Zenglin Zhang

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

A Summary Review of Wireless Sensors and Sensor Networks for Structural Health Monitoring  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, FIOA (Professor of Acoustics) F D J Thompson, MA, PhD, CEng, FIMechE, FIOA, FHEA (Professor of Railway (Leuven) and the 10th International Workshop on Railway Noise (Nagahama, Japan). David Herron successfully, multifunctional panels (e.g. including piezoelectric elements as sensors and/or actuators) and the use

Lynch, Jerome P.

48

Monitoring quality optimization in wireless sensor networks with a mobile sink  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The exploitation of sink mobility has been proven to improve various network performance significantly, including network lifetime, data delivery latency, network connectivity, and so on. In this paper we consider a novel network model consisting of ... Keywords: distance-constrained tour, energy efficiency, mobile sink, monitoring quality

Xu Xu; Weifa Liang

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Spatiotemporal multicast in sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Sensor networks often involve the monitoring of mobile phenomena. We believe this task can be facilitated by a spatiotemporal multicast protocol which we call "mobicast". Mobicast is a novel spatiotemporal multicast protocol that distributes a message ... Keywords: mobicast, network geometry, protocols, spatiotemporal multicast, wireless ad hoc networks

Qingfeng Huang; Chenyang Lu; Gruia-Catalin Roman

2003-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Estimation of a semi-physical GLBE model using dual EnKF learning algorithm coupled with a sensor network design strategy: Application to air field monitoring  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we present the fusion of two complementary approaches for modeling and monitoring the spatio-temporal behavior of a fluid flow system. We also propose a mobile sensor deployment strategy to produce the most accurate estimate of the true ... Keywords: Air field monitoring, Grey-box modeling, Model fusion, Sensor network design

Gilles Roussel, Laurent Bourgois, Mohammed Benjelloun, Gilles Delmaire

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Wireless sensor networks for soil science  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Wireless sensor networks can revolutionise soil ecology by providing measurements at temporal and spatial granularities previously impossible. This paper presents our first steps towards fulfilling that goal by developing and deploying two experimental ... Keywords: WSNs, environmental monitoring, soil moisture, soil monitoring, soil science, soil temperature, urban forests, web services, wireless networks, wireless sensor networks

Andreas Terzis; Razvan Musaloiu-E.; Joshua Cogan; Katalin Szlavecz; Alexander Szalay; Jim Gray; Stuart Ozer; Chieh-Jan Mike Liang; Jayant Gupchup; Randal Burns

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

The use of electrochemical sensors for monitoring urban air quality in low-cost, high-density networks.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

electrolyte reservoirs for increased long-term baseline stability, and larger integral batteries allowing operation for in excess of 3 months without intervention. In this case sensors were sealed with rubber O-rings on the bottom of the enclosure behind a... The use of electrochemical sensors for monitoring urban air quality in low-cost, high-density networks. M. I. Mead1*, O.A.M. Popoola1, G. B. Stewart1, P. Landshoff3, M. Calleja2, M. Hayes2, J. J. Baldovi1, T. F. Hodgson1, M. W. McLeod1, J. Dicks4...

Mead, M I; Popoola, O A M; Stewart, G B; Landshoff, P; Calleja, M; Hayes, M; Baldovi, J J; Hodgson, T F; McLeod, M W; Dicks, J; Lewis, A; Cohen, J; Baron, R; Saffell, J R; Jones, R L

53

Stream data gathering in wireless sensor networks within expected lifetime  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Sensor networks aim at collecting important sensor data for environment monitoring, e-health or hazardous conditions. Some applications do not need sensor networks with a long lifetime, such as monitoring an erupting volcano or monitoring hazardous conditions. ... Keywords: expected lifetime, sensor network, stream data gathering

Lei Shu; Zhangbing zhou; Antonio Aguilar; Manfred Hauswirth

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Design Considerations for a Large-Scale Wireless Sensor Network for Substation Monitoring  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

's substation managers and engineers due to the aging nature of substation equipment and infrastructure of low-power wireless sensor networks, utility companies have also begun to investigate the potential was a contractor for the EPRI project. There were multiple utility members in the EPRI project. This paper focusses

Nasipuri, Asis

55

An autonomic routing framework for sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Current routing services for sensor networks are often designed for specific applications and network conditions, thus have difficulty in adapting to application and network dynamics. This paper proposes an autonomic framework to promote the adaptivity ... Keywords: Autonomic routing, Feature functions, Monitoring policies, Sensor networks

Yu He; Cauligi S. Raghavendra; Steven Berson; Robert Braden

2006-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Body sensor network security: an identity-based cryptography approach  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A body sensor network (BSN), is a network of sensors deployed on a person's body, usually for health care monitoring. Since the sensors collect personal medical data, security and privacy are important components in a body sensor network. At the same ... Keywords: body sensor networks, identity-based cryptography, security

Chiu C. Tan; Haodong Wang; Sheng Zhong; Qun Li

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

SensorScope: Out-of-the-Box Environmental Monitoring  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Environmental monitoring constitutes an important field of application for wireless sensor networks. Given the severity of potential climate changes, environmental impact on cities, and pollution, it is a domain where sensor networks can have great impact ... Keywords: Wireless sensor networks, environmental monitoring, deployments

Guillermo Barrenetxea; François Ingelrest; Gunnar Schaefer; Martin Vetterli; Olivier Couach; Marc Parlange

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

SmartMote: Energy and VoI aware solar-powered sensor network design for environment monitoring  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Due to advances in low power micro-sensor technology, energy harvesting techniques, we can now build large scale solar-powered sensor networks to support long-running operations. Solar powered sensors often harvest variable amounts of energy in different ... Keywords: routing,solar-powered system design,sensor

Cheng Bo, Xiang-Yang Li, Jing Yuan, Xiaohua Xu, Yunhao Li, Shao-Jie Tang

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Sleep scheduling for wireless sensor networks via network flow model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The pervasiveness and operational autonomy of mesh-based wireless sensor networks (WSNs) make them an ideal candidate in offering sustained monitoring functions at reasonable cost over a wide area. There has been a general consensus within the research ... Keywords: Cross-layer design, Integer linear programming, Network flow model, Sleep scheduling, Wireless sensor networks

Rick W. Ha; Pin-Han Ho; X. Sherman Shen; Junshan Zhang

2006-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Health Monitoring of Drive Connected Three-Phase Induction Motors ----- From Wired Towards Wireless Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

167±27 mV/g. (e) Operation of the Wireless Sensor Node: Thethe operation of the sensor and the wireless communication.Wireless Sensor Node..99 Hardware..100 Operation..

Xue, Xin

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "monitoring sensor network" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Wireless sensor networks and human comfort index  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Conventional wireless home automation networks (WHANs) incorporate embedded wireless sensors and actuators that monitors and control home living environment. WHAN's primary goal is to maintain user comfort and efficient home management. Conventional ... Keywords: Ambient intelligence, Fuzzy logic, Human comfort, Wireless sensor network

Mohd Izani Rawi, Adnan Al-Anbuky

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Miniaturized wireless sensor network  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper addresses an overview of the wireless sensor networks. It is shown that MEMS/NEMS technologies and SIP concept are well suited for advanced architectures. It is also shown analog architectures have to be compatible with digital signal techniques to develop smart network of microsystem.

Lecointre, Aubin; Dubuc, David; Katia, Grenier; Patrick, Pons; Aubert, Hervé; Muller, A; Berthou, Pascal; Gayraud, Thierry; Plana, Robert

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Securing network access in wireless sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In wireless sensor networks, it is critical to restrict the network access only to eligible sensor nodes, while messages from outsiders will not be forwarded in the networks. In this paper, we present the design, implementation, and evaluation of a secure ... Keywords: elliptic curve cryptography, security, sensor networks

Kun Sun; An Liu; Roger Xu; Peng Ning; Douglas Maughan

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Wireless Sensor Network Fundamentals  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Wireless Sensor Network Fundamentals Wireless Sensor Network Fundamentals Speaker(s): Steven Lanzisera Date: February 8, 2010 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Kevin Kircher Wireless sensor networks have been promising to provide easy data collection and control capability to applications ranging from scientific data collection, disaster recover, national security, and more. The user experience, however, has been filled with confusing terminology, complicated systems, and a lack of interoperability between vendors. Users with a background in the technology and fundamentals are better able to understand system capabilities, make decisions, and end up with a network that meets their needs. Although a sufficient coverage of this topic is at least a semester course, the goal of this talk is to give a brief

65

Data acquisition scheduling for wireless sensors networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Wireless sensor networks have been increasingly studied by industry and academic institutions due to their potential application in environmental and geothermal monitoring, security enhancement among others. Such technology would play an important role ...

Carlos Gamboa / Thomas Robertazzi

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

Underwater wireless ad hoc sensor networks are aimed at remotely monitoring various aquatic activities, such as marine biological and zoological lives, geological changes, and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract Underwater wireless ad hoc sensor networks are aimed at remotely monitoring various aquatic activities, such as marine biological and zoological lives, geological changes, and underwater quality of service is more difficult in underwater net- works due to large underwater propagation delay

Kumar, M. Jagadesh

67

Underwater Acoustic Sensor Networks: Research Challenges  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Underwater sensor nodes will find applications in oceanographic data collection, pollution monitoring, o#shore exploration, disaster prevention, assisted navigation and tactical surveillance applications. Moreover, unmanned or autonomous underwater vehicles (UUVs, AUVs), equipped with sensors, will enable the exploration of natural undersea resources and gathering of scientific data in collaborative monitoring missions. Underwater acoustic networking is the enabling technology for these applications. Underwater networks consist of a variable number of sensors and vehicles that are deployed to perform collaborative monitoring tasks over a given area.

Ian Akyildiz Dario; Ian F. Akyildiz; Dario Pompili; Tommaso Melodia

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Underwater Acoustic Sensor Networks: Research Challenges  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Underwater sensor nodes will find applications in oceanographic data collection, pollution monitoring, o#shore exploration, disaster prevention, assisted navigation and tactical surveillance applications. Moreover, unmanned or autonomous underwater vehicles (UUVs, AUVs), equipped with sensors, will enable the exploration of natural undersea resources and gathering of scientific data in collaborative monitoring missions. Underwater acoustic networking is the enabling technology for these applications. Underwater networks consist of a variable number of sensors and vehicles that are deployed to perform collaborative monitoring tasks over a given area. In this

Ian F. Akyildiz; Dario Pompili; Tommaso Melodia

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Energy and task management in energy harvesting wireless sensor networks for structural health monitoring.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Energy harvesting sensor nodes reduce the need for post- deployment physical human interaction by using environmental power and wireless communication; however, they must adapt performance… (more)

Steck, Jamie Bradley

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Health Monitoring of Drive Connected Three-Phase Induction Motors ----- From Wired Towards Wireless Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

resistance temperature detection (RTD) (2) thermistors (3)thermocouples. RTD sensors (also called the resistancecircuit, the performance of RTD temperature transduction can

Xue, Xin

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Dynamic sensor tasking in heterogeneous, mobile sensor networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Modern sensor environments often attempt to combine several sensors into a single sensor network. The nodes of this network are generally heterogeneous and may vary with respect to sensor complexity, sensor operational ...

Jones, Peter B. (Peter B.), S.M., Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Cybermussels: a biological sensor network using freshwater mussels  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we describe our ongoing work on designing an underwater sensor network for monitoring the ecosystem of the Mississippi river using freshwater mussels as biological sensors. One of the most extensive manifestations of anthropogenic mismanagement ... Keywords: bio-sensor, freshwater mussel, wireless sensor network

Henry E. Baidoo-Williams; Jeremy S. Bril; Mehmed B. Diken; Jonathan Durst; Josiah McClurg; Soura Dasgupta; Craig L. Just; Anton Kruger; Raghuraman Mudumbai; Teresa Newton

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Mobility in Wireless Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the 802.15.4 radio (for wireless operation) as well as thewireless sensor network protocol, significant power can be saved during network operations.

Mehta, Ankur Mukesh

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

Distributed sensor networks with collective computation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Simulations of a network of N sensors have been performed. The simulation space contains a number of sound sources and a large number of sensors. Each sensor is equipped with an omni-directional microphone and is capable of measuring only the time of arrival of a signal. Sensors are able to wirelessly transmit and receive packets of information, and have some computing power. The sensors were programmed to merge all information (received packets as well as local measurements) into a 'world view' for that node. This world view is then transmitted. In this way, information can slowly diffuse across the network. One node was monitored in the network as a proxy for when information had diffused across the network. Simulations demonstrated that the energy expended per sensor per time step was approximately independent of N.

Lanman, D. R. (Douglas R.)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Hierarchical distributed data classification in wireless sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Wireless sensor networks promise an unprecedented opportunity to monitor physical environments via inexpensive wireless embedded devices. Given the sheer amount of sensed data, efficient classification of them becomes a critical task in many sensor network ... Keywords: C4.5, Classification, Decision tree, Wireless sensor network

Xu Cheng; Ji Xu; Jian Pei; Jiangchuan Liu

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Event-driven adaptive duty-cycling in sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Energy conservation is a major issue in the management of sensor networks. In this paper, we consider the problem of optimising the performance of energy-constrained sensor networks in the context of event-detection applications, with the performance ... Keywords: MDP, Markov decision process, adaptive duty-cycling, energy conservation, energy consumption, environment monitoring, event clustering, sensor networks, simulation

Srikanth Sundaresan; Israel Koren; Zahava Koren; C. Mani Krishna

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

Clustering of wireless sensor and actor networks based on sensor distribution and connectivity  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Wireless Sensor and Actor Networks (WSANs) employ significantly more capable actor nodes that can collect data from sensors and perform application specific actions. To take these actions collaboratively at any spot in the monitored regions, maximal ... Keywords: Actor placement, Clustering, Connectivity, Energy-efficiency, Messaging overhead, Sensor distribution, Wireless sensor and actor networks

Kemal Akkaya; Fatih Senel; Brian McLaughlan

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Ultra-wideband radar sensors and networks  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Ultra wideband radar motion sensors strategically placed in an area of interest communicate with a wireless ad hoc network to provide remote area surveillance. Swept range impulse radar and a heart and respiration monitor combined with the motion sensor further improves discrimination.

Leach, Jr., Richard R; Nekoogar, Faranak; Haugen, Peter C

2013-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

79

Energy Usage Evaluation and Condition Monitoring for Electric Machines using Wireless Sensor Networks.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Energy usage evaluation and condition monitoring for electric machines are important in industry for overall energy savings. Traditionally these functions are realized only for large… (more)

Lu, Bin

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

Intelligent deployment strategies for passive underwater sensor networks.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Passive underwater sensor networks are often used to monitor a general area of the ocean, a port or military installation, or to detect underwater vehicles… (more)

Golen, Erik; Yuan, B; Shenoy, N

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "monitoring sensor network" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

An application of the wireless sensor network technology for foehn monitoring in real time  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Foehn is one of the common climate phenomena in Taiwan because of geographical factors. The foehn is associated with high temperature and low humidity, which often leads to plant death and even causes serious forest fires. The natural disaster relief ... Keywords: environmental parameter monitoring, foehn monitoring, wireless communication

Chih-Yang Tsai; Yu-Fan Chen; Hsu-Cheng Lu; Chi-Hung Lin; Jyh-Cherng Shieh; Chung-Wei Yen; Jeng-Lung Huang; Yung-Shun Lin; Ching-Lu Hsieh; Joe-Air Jiang

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Program on Technology Innovation: Wireless Mesh Sensor Networks for Fossil Plant Monitoring  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In a competitive environment, power plants must operate under reduced operations and maintenance budgets while maintaining high reliability and availability. Early detection of equipment faults and subsequent maintenance actions can help reduce costs while maximizing availability. However, detection of equipment faults and subsequent troubleshooting often require information in addition to that provided by traditional process instrumentation. Traditional wired sensors are not cost-effective additions in ...

2009-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

83

A middleware-based approach for heterogeneous wireless sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Wireless sensor networks (WSN) are networked embedded systems that use small size devices with some processing and short-range radio communication capabilities for monitoring and controlling systems and environments. However, languages and IDE (Integrated ... Keywords: heterogeneous networks, middleware, wireless sensor networks

F. Graziosi; L. Pomante; D. Pacifico

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

HUSEC: A heuristic self configuration model for wireless sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Network State Beacons (NSB) exchange rate is the critical parameter in monitoring the dynamic state of any self-configuring ad hoc sensor network. Along with the network state and the overhead control traffic, it determines both the time and nature ... Keywords: Beacon exchange rate, Self-configuration, Wireless ad hoc sensor networks

Mudasser Iqbal; Iqbal Gondal; Laurence S. Dooley

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Mobility-assisted minimum connected cover in a wireless sensor network  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

All properties of mobile wireless sensor networks (MWSNs) are inherited from static wireless sensor networks (WSNs) and meanwhile have their own uniqueness and node mobility. Sensor nodes in these networks monitor different regions of an area of interest ... Keywords: Energy-aware selection method, Minimum connected sensor cover set, Mobile wireless sensor networks, Redundant node, Relocation

Ahmed M. Khedr; Walid Osamy

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Navigation protocols in sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We develop distributed algorithms for adaptive sensor networks that respond to directing a target through a region of space. We model this problem as an online distributed motion planning problem. Each sensor node senses values in its perception space ... Keywords: Sensor networks, motes, navigation, potential field, robotics

Qun Li; Daniela Rus

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Short-range wireless sensor networks for high density seismic monitoring  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

new oil and gas reservoir. The envisioned production peak of current oil and gas reservoirs is pushing for sub-surface diagnostic (for small earthquake monitoring) and exploration (for new oil and gas Receivers time Delivery time Source Receivers Shot Gas/Oil/Water Gas/Oil/Water Dip-slip fault Active seismic

Spagnolini, Umberto

88

Non-Threshold based Event Detection for 3D Environment Monitoring in Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of capturing complex events. For ex- ample, in coal mine monitoring scenarios, gas leakage or water osmosis can motivating scenario comes from the field study in a coal mine, where environment surveillance is carried out. Indicating such areas provides important guidelines for the miners patrolling in the coal mine. Water seepage

Liu, Yunhao

89

A system for ubiquitous fall monitoring at home via a wireless sensor network and a wearable mote  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Accidental falls of our elderly, and physical injuries resulting, represent a major health and economic problem. Falls are the most common cause of serious injuries and are a major health threat in the stratum of older population. Early detection of ... Keywords: Accelerometer, Activities of daily living, Fall detection, Falls in the elderly, Wireless sensor network

Roberto Paoli; Francisco J. Fernández-Luque; Ginés Doménech; Félix Martínez; Juan Zapata; Ramón Ruiz

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Security for wireless sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This chapter identifies the vulnerabilities associated with the operational paradigms currently employed by Wireless Sensor Networks. A survey of current WSN security research is presented. The security issues of Mobile Ad-Hoc Networks and infrastructure ... Keywords: WSN, security, sensor networks, wireless

Sasikanth Avancha; Jeffrey Undercoffer; Anupam Joshi; John Pinkston

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Ensemble based sensing anomaly detection in wireless sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Wireless sensor networks are often used to monitor and measure physical characteristics from remote and sometimes hostile environments. In these circumstances the sensing data accuracy is a crucial attribute for the way these applications complete their ... Keywords: Binary classifier, Data accuracy, Ensemble based systems, Sensors anomalies, Wireless sensor networks

Daniel-Ioan Curiac; Constantin Volosencu

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Sensor network based vehicle classification and license plate identification system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Typically, for energy efficiency and scalability purposes, sensor networks have been used in the context of environmental and traffic monitoring applications in which operations at the sensor level are not computationally intensive. But increasingly, ... Keywords: acoustic vehicle classification, license plate detection, seismic, wireless sensor networks

Jan Frigo; Vinod Kulathumani; Sean Brennan; Ed Rosten; Eric Raby

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

Development of Advanced Massive Heterogeneous Sensor Networks  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Advanced Massive Heterogeneous Sensor Networks Research Team * Doug McCorkle * Kris Bryden * Mark Bryden Ames Laboratory U of Maryland * Ashwani Gupta * Miao Yu Power Plant Challenges * Conflicting goals of reliable low cost energy and climate change mitigation * Large investment in current infrastructure * Little implementation of information technologies Sensors ... * will be "free" * will be small (lick 'n stick) * will be smart * will be ubiquitous Low cost improvements in sensing for control and condition monitoring can result in big improvements in cost and carbon emissions * "... develop the understandings, algorithms, and control strategies needed to utilize large-scale, high- density sensor networks in advanced power plants." * Develop techniques for the

94

Efficient on-demand image transmission in visual sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In a tracking system, an object of interest is monitored continuously in a sensor network. Information about the object is kept in the sensors and sensors transmit the information upon request. In this paper, we consider the scenario where all sensors ...

Kit-Yee Chow; King-Shan Lui; Edmund Y. Lam

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Wearable wireless sensor network for the monitorisation of Parkinsonian patients using a novel mobility algorithm  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recent advances in the field of wireless sensor networks (WSN) include the creation of a new kind of these networks, called body sensor networks (BSN). These systems have been proven to be an enabling technology for the application domain ... Keywords: Parkinson', bioinformatics, body sensor networks, force sensors, gait analysis, healthcare technology, medical monitoring, monitorisation, network mobility, patient gaits, s disease, wearable WSNs, wearable computing, wireless networks, wireless sensor networks

Gonzalo Solas; Paul Bustamante; Karol Grandez; Erlantz Uriarte

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Measuring air quality in city areas by vehicular wireless sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper considers a micro-climate monitoring scenario, which usually requires deploying a large number of sensor nodes to capture environmental information. By exploiting vehicular sensor networks (VSNs), it is possible to equip fewer nodes on cars ... Keywords: Micro-climate monitoring, Opportunistic communication, Pervasive computing, Vehicular sensor network, Wireless sensor network

Shu-Chiung Hu; You-Chiun Wang; Chiuan-Yu Huang; Yu-Chee Tseng

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Special Issue "Underwater Sensor Nodes and Underwater Sensor Networks" A special issue of Sensors (ISSN 1424-8220)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Special Issue "Underwater Sensor Nodes and Underwater Sensor Networks" A special issue of Sensors (ISSN 1424-8220) Website: http://www.mdpi.com/journal/sensors/special_issues/underwater_sens Journal prediction, oil monitoring and so on. This special issue tries to collect the recent advances on underwater

Chen, Min

98

Reliable networks with unreliable sensors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Wireless sensor networks (WSNs) deployed in hostile environments suffer from a high rate of node failure. We investigate the effect of such failure rate on network connectivity. We provide a formal analysis that establishes the relationship between node ...

Srikanth Sastry; Tsvetomira Radeva; Jianer Chen; Jennifer L. Welch

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

An efficient and secure protocol for sensor network time synchronization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The emerging field of wireless sensor networks offers countless possibilities for achieving large scale monitoring in a distributed environment. These networks of resource constrained nodes require time synchronization for various distributed operations, ... Keywords: cross-layer control, passive participation, sensor networks, tempest, time synchronization

Emerson Farrugia; Robert Simon

2006-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

Disens: scalable distributed sensor network simulation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Simulation is widely used for developing, evaluating and analyzing sensor network applications, especially when deploying a large scale sensor network remains expensive and labor intensive. However, due to its computation intensive nature, existent simulation ... Keywords: distributed simulation, sensor network, simulation

Ye Wen; Rich Wolski; Gregory Moore

2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "monitoring sensor network" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Evaluation of body sensor network platforms: a design space and benchmarking analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Body Sensor Networks (BSNs) consist of sensor nodes deployed on the human body for health monitoring. Each sensor node is implemented by interfacing a physiological sensor with a sensor platform consisting of components such as microcontroller, radio ... Keywords: benchmark, body sensor networks, design space, hardware systems, system performance, wearable BSNs

Sidharth Nabar; Ayan Banerjee; Sandeep K. S. Gupta; Radha Poovendran

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Programming models for sensor networks: A survey  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Sensor networks have a significant potential in diverse applications some of which are already beginning to be deployed in areas such as environmental monitoring. As the application logic becomes more complex, programming difficulties are becoming a ... Keywords: Programming models and languages, survey, taxonomy

Ryo Sugihara; Rajesh K. Gupta

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Underwater sensor networking: Research challenges and potential applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This report summarizes our research directions in underwater sensor networks. We highlight potential applications to off-shore oilfields for seismic monitoring, equipment monitoring, and underwater robotics. We identify research directions in short-range acoustic communications, MAC, time synchronization, and localization protocols for highlatency acoustic networks, long-duration network sleeping, and application-level data scheduling. 1

John Heidemann; Yuan Li; Affan Syed; Jack Wills; Wei Ye

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Stochastic binary sensor networks for noisy environments  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper proposes a stochastic framework for detecting anomalies or gathering events of interest in a noisy environment using a network consisting of binary sensors. A binary sensor is an extremely coarse sensor, capable of measuring data to only 1-bit ... Keywords: energy consumption, energy efficiency, noisy environments, sensor networks, simulation, stochastic binary sensors, wireless networks

T. Nguyen; Dong Nguyen; Huaping Liu; Duc A. Tran

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Low-cost group rekeying for unattended wireless sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Wireless sensor networks (WSNs) are made up of large groups of nodes that perform distributed monitoring services. Since sensor measurements are often sensitive data acquired in hostile environments, securing WSN becomes mandatory. However, WSNs consists ... Keywords: GKM, Rekeying, Security, Sensors, WSN

Juan Hernández-Serrano; Juan Vera-Del-Campo; Josep Pegueroles; Carlos Gañán

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Provenance-based trustworthiness assessment in sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As sensor networks are being increasingly deployed in decision-making infrastructures such as battlefield monitoring systems and SCADA (Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition) systems, making decision makers aware of the trustworthiness of the collected ... Keywords: data provenance, sensor network, trustworthiness

Hyo-Sang Lim; Yang-Sae Moon; Elisa Bertino

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

Simulating networks of wireless sensors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recent advances in low-power embedded processors, radios, and micro-mechanical systems (MEMs) have made possible the development of networks of wirelessly interconnected sensors. With their focus on applications requiring tight coupling with the physical ...

Sung Park; Andreas Savvides; Mani B. Srivastava

2001-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Multimodal analysis of body sensor network data streams for real-time healthcare  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Fundamental advances in low power circuits, wireless communication, physiological sensor design, and multimedia stream processing, have led to the deployment of body sensor networks for the real-time monitoring of individual health in diverse settings. ... Keywords: body sensor networks, multi-modal analysis, sensor networks, systems and communications

Manoj K. Garg; Duk-Jin Kim; Deepak S. Turaga; Balakrishnan Prabhakaran

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

A biologically-inspired clustering protocol for wireless sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Lately, wireless sensor networks are garnering a lot of interests, as it is feasible to deploy them in many ad hoc scenarios such as for earthquake monitoring, tsunami monitoring and battlefield surveillance. As sensor nodes may be deployed in hostile ... Keywords: Biologically-inspired, Clustering, Meta-heuristic, Routing, Simulations

S. Selvakennedy; S. Sinnappan; Yi Shang

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

APS: Distributed air pollution sensing system on Wireless Sensor and Robot Networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Rapid emergence of Wireless Sensor and Robot Networks (WSRNs) contributes to the deployment of an environmental monitoring system. Three challenging issues are critical to design of an environmental monitoring system, including energy efficiency of sensors, ... Keywords: Energy efficiency, Environmental monitoring, Sensing region partition, Wireless Sensor and Robot Networks

Huai-Lei Fu; Hou-Chun Chen; Phone Lin

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Anomaly detection using self-organizing map and wavelets in wireless sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) have been developed and extensively applied in agriculture monitoring to monitor and collect various physical attributes within a specific area or environment of interest. Data readings from the sensors may be abnormal ... Keywords: agriculture monitoring, anomaly detection, discrete wavelet transform, self-organizing map, wavelets, wireless sensor networks

Supakit Siripanadorn; Wipawee Hattagam; Neung Teaumroong

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Decentralized, adaptive resource allocation for sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper addresses the problem of resource allocation in sensor networks. We are concerned with how to allocate limited energy, radio bandwidth, and other resources to maximize the value of each node's contribution to the network. Sensor networks present ...

Geoffrey Mainland; David C. Parkes; Matt Welsh

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

A Decentralized Dynamic Sensor Activation Protocol for Chemical Sensor Networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Due to the significant amount of energy consumed by chemical sensors for sensing, reducing sensing activity is critical for improving the lifespan of chemical sensor networks. In this paper, we consider a simple decentralized dynamic sensor activation ...

Shanika Karunasekera; Champake Mendis; Alex Skvortsov; Ajith Gunatilaka

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

Design and simulation on data-forwarding security in sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Wireless sensor networks are the emerging information technology for monitoring equipment and ambient conditions of production lines in modern factories. A salient feature of wireless sensor networks is that nodes can relay sensing data to a factory ... Keywords: SQF, WSNs, energy consumption, industrial security, modelling, network security, packet delivery latency, reliability, routing, secure quasimultipath forwarding, wireless sensor networks

Men Long; Chwan-Hwa 'John' Wu

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Selective reprogramming of mobile sensor networks through social community detection  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We target application domains where the behavior of animals or humans is monitored using wireless sensor network (WSN) devices. The code on these devices is updated frequently, as scientists acquire in-field data and refine their hypotheses. Wireless ...

Bence Pásztor; Luca Mottola; Cecilia Mascolo; Gian Pietro Picco; Stephen Ellwood; David Macdonald

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Behavioural reconfigurable and adaptive data reduction in body sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Body area sensor networks have been attracting more and more applications which focus on human behaviour and monitoring, ranging from simple positioning to medical applications. These BSNs inherit unique specifications since are composed of light-weight ...

Foad Dabiri; Hyduke Noshadi; Majid Sarrafzadeh

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

Quality-Driven Volcanic Earthquake Detection Using Wireless Sensor Networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Volcano monitoring is of great interest to public safety and scientific explorations. However, traditional volcanic instrumentation such as broadband seismometers are expensive, power-hungry, bulky, and difficult to install. Wireless sensor networks ...

Rui Tan; Guoliang Xing; Jinzhu Chen; Wen-Zhan Song; Renjie Huang

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

Placement of network services in a sensor network  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An important challenge in designing a wireless sensor network is to maximise the network's lifetime. In a hierarchical cluster-based network, a key design issue is the placement of cluster heads (data loggers) such that the total power ... Keywords: beacons, cluster heads, clustering, data loggers, energy conservation, sensor localisation, service placement, wireless networks, wireless sensor networks

Jennifer Yick; Gregory Pasternack; Biswanath Mukherjee; Dipak Ghosal

2006-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Energy Harvesting Support for Sensor Networking  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Networked Sensing Energy Harvesting Support for SensorLifetime or Per formance Energy Harvesting System life andProposed Solution: Energy Harvesting Support for sensor

Jason Hsu; Aman Kansal; Mani Srivastava

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Zonal Rumor Routing for Wireless Sensor Networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Routing algorithms for wireless sensor networks are constrained by power, memory and computational resources. Rumor Routing algorithm for sensor networks spreads theinformation of an event to other nodes in the network, thus enabling queries to discover ... Keywords: Sensor Network, Routing, Wireless, Rumor Routing

Tarun Banka; Gagan Tandon; Anura P. Jayasumana

2005-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "monitoring sensor network" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Design of large-scale agricultural wireless sensor networks: email from the vineyard  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We describe the design and implementation of a large-scale Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) for agriculture monitoring. As a part of validation we have deployed a prototype of 64 sensors to monitor a commercial vineyard. The system provides ... Keywords: WSN testbed, agricultural WSNs, agriculture monitoring, commercial vineyards, data collection, data storage, geographical coverage, large-scale WSNs, spatial resolution, vineyeard monitoring, wireless networks, wireless sensor networks

Christine Jardak; Krisakorn Rerkrai; Aleksandar Kovacevic; Janne Riihijarvi; Petri Mahonen

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Energy efficient sensor network implementations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we discuss a low power embedded sensor node architecture we are developing for distributed sensor network systems deployed in a natural environment. In particular, we examine the sensor node for energy efficient processing-at-the-sensor. We analyze the following modes of operation; event detection, sleep(wake-up), data acquisition, data processing modes using low power, high performance embedded technology such as specialized embedded DSP processors and a low power FPGAs at the sensing node. We use compute intensive sensor node applications: an acoustic vehicle classifier (frequency domain analysis) and a video license plate identification application (learning algorithm) as a case study. We report performance and total energy usage for our system implementations and discuss the system architecture design trade offs.

Frigo, Janette R [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Raby, Eric Y [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Brennan, Sean M [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Kulathumani, Vinod [WEST VIRGINIA UNIV.; Rosten, Ed [CAMBRIDGE UNIV.; Wolinski, Christophe [IRISA; Wagner, Charles [IRISA; Charot, Francois [IRISA

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

for distributed wireless sensor networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MEMS technology is enabling the development of inexpensive, autonomous wireless sensor nodes with volumes ranging from cubic mm to several cubic cm. These tiny sensor nodes can form rapidly deployed, massive distributed networks to allow unobtrusive, spatially dense, sensing and communication. MEMS enable these devices by reducing both the volume and energy consumption of various components. This paper will review some of the wireless sensor nodes under development and applicable MEMS devices for small and efficient optical communication, micropower generation, and sensing. In addition, CMOS post-process micromachining will be discussed as a method of achieving low cost and high integration. 1.

Brett A. Warneke; Kristofer S. J. Pister

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Challenges for Efficient Communication in Underwater Acoustic Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract — Ocean bottom sensor nodes can be used for oceanographic data collection, pollution monitoring, offshore exploration and tactical surveillance applications. Moreover, Unmanned or Autonomous Underwater Vehicles (UUVs, AUVs), equipped with sensors, will find application in exploration of natural undersea resources and gathering of scientific data in collaborative monitoring missions. Underwater acoustic networking is the enabling technology for these applications. Underwater Networks consist of a variable number of sensors and vehicles that are deployed to perform collaborative monitoring tasks over a given area. In this paper, several fundamental key aspects of underwater acoustic communications are investigated. Different architectures for two-dimensional and three-dimensional underwater sensor networks are discussed, and the underwater channel is characterized. The main challenges for the development of efficient networking solutions posed by the underwater environment are detailed at all layers of the protocol stack. Furthermore, open research issues are discussed and possible solution approaches are outlined. I.

Ian F. Akyildiz; Dario Pompili; Tommaso Melodia

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

Underwater Sensor Networks: Applications, Advances, and Challenges  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Underwater Sensor Networks: Applications, Advances, and Challenges By John Heidemann1 , Milica- mentation of underwater wireless sensor networks. We summarize key applications and the main phenomena hardware, testbeds, and simulation tools available to the research community. Keywords: underwater

Heidemann, John

126

Security computing for the resiliency of protecting from internal attacks in distributed wireless sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Wireless sensor network (WSNs) have been making up of a mass of spatially distributed autonomous sensors to monitor physical or environmental conditions. However, security threats to WSNs become increasingly diversified, prevention based due to their ... Keywords: distributed wireless sensor networks, internal attacks, resiliency, security computing, sensor optimum deployment

Xu Huang; Dharmendra Sharma; Muhammad Ahmed

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Sensor network configuration under physical attacks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Sensor networks will typically operate in hostile environments, where they are susceptible to physical attacks resulting in physical node destructions. In this paper, we study impacts of physical attacks on network configuration w.r.t. lifetime. While ... Keywords: deployment, network configuration, network lifetime, physical attacks, physical node destruction, sensor networks

Xun Wang; Wenjun Gu; Kurt Schosek; Sriram Chellappan; Dong Xuan

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Secure multidimensional range queries in sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Most future large-scale sensor networks are expected to follow a two-tier architecture which consists of resource-rich master nodes at the upper tier and resource-poor sensor nodes at the lower tier. Sensor nodes submit data to nearby master nodes which ... Keywords: multidimensional range query, security, sensor networks,

Rui Zhang; Jing Shi; Yanchao Zhang

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Reliable and efficient reprogramming in sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Retasking and remote programming of sensor networks is an essential functionality to make these networks practical and effective. As the availability of more capable sensor nodes increases and new functional implementations continue to be proposed, these ... Keywords: Broadcast, energy efficiency, minimum energy broadcast, reliable distribution, reprogramming, retasking, sensor networks

Chris Miller; Christian Poellabauer

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

On compressing data in wireless sensor networks for energy efficiency and real time delivery  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Wireless sensor networks possess significant limitations in storage, bandwidth, processing, and energy. Additionally, real-time sensor network applications such as monitoring poisonous gas leaks cannot tolerate high latency. While some good data compression ... Keywords: Compression, Latency, Real-time, Wireless sensor network

Tommy Szalapski; Sanjay Madria

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Energy-aware Gateway Selection for Increasing the Lifetime of Wireless Body Area Sensor Networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A Wireless Body Area Sensor Network (WBASN) is composed of a set of sensor nodes, placed on, near or within a human body. WBASNs opt to continuously monitor the health conditions of individuals under medical risk, e.g., elders and chronically ill people, ... Keywords: Energy harvesting, Gateway selection algorithm, Network lifetime, Selective engagement of nodes, Wireless Body Area Sensor Networks (WBASN)

Cuneyt Bayilmis; Mohamed Younis

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

LiSP: A lightweight security protocol for wireless sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Small low-cost sensor devices with limited resources are being used widely to build a self-organizing wireless network for various applications, such as situation monitoring and asset surveillance. Making such a sensor network secure is crucial to their ... Keywords: Authentication, key management, lightweight security, sensor networks

Taejoon Park; Kang G. Shin

2004-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

ERTP: Energy-efficient and Reliable Transport Protocol for data streaming in Wireless Sensor Networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Emerging data streaming applications in Wireless Sensor Networks require reliable and energy-efficient Transport Protocols. Our recent Wireless Sensor Network deployment in the Burdekin delta, Australia, for water monitoring [T. Le Dinh, W. Hu, P. Sikka, ... Keywords: Energy-efficiency, Reliability, Transport protocol, Wireless Sensor Network

Tuan Le; Wen Hu; Peter Corke; Sanjay Jha

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Research Challenges and Applications for Underwater Sensor Networking  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper explores applications and challenges for underwater sensor networks. We highlight potential applications to off-shore oilfields for seismic monitoring, equipment monitoring, and underwater robotics. We identify research directions in shortrange acoustic communications, MAC, time synchronization, and localization protocols for high-latency acoustic networks, longduration network sleeping, and application-level data scheduling. We describe our preliminary design on short-range acoustic communication hardware, and summarize results of high-latency time synchronization.

John Heidemann; Wei Ye; Jack Wills; Affan Syed; Yuan Li

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Real-time classification via sparse representation in acoustic sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Acoustic Sensor Networks (ASNs) have a wide range of applications in natural and urban environment monitoring, as well as indoor activity monitoring. In-network classification is critically important in ASNs because wireless transmission costs several ... Keywords: ℓ1 minimization, acoustic sensor networks (ASNs), audio classification, sparse approximation

Bo Wei, Mingrui Yang, Yiran Shen, Rajib Rana, Chun Tung Chou, Wen Hu

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

High Performance Network Monitoring  

SciTech Connect

Network Monitoring requires a substantial use of data and error analysis to overcome issues with clusters. Zenoss and Splunk help to monitor system log messages that are reporting issues about the clusters to monitoring services. Infiniband infrastructure on a number of clusters upgraded to ibmon2. ibmon2 requires different filters to report errors to system administrators. Focus for this summer is to: (1) Implement ibmon2 filters on monitoring boxes to report system errors to system administrators using Zenoss and Splunk; (2) Modify and improve scripts for monitoring and administrative usage; (3) Learn more about networks including services and maintenance for high performance computing systems; and (4) Gain a life experience working with professionals under real world situations. Filters were created to account for clusters running ibmon2 v1.0.0-1 10 Filters currently implemented for ibmon2 using Python. Filters look for threshold of port counters. Over certain counts, filters report errors to on-call system administrators and modifies grid to show local host with issue.

Martinez, Jesse E [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

137

HydroNode: an underwater sensor node prototype for monitoring hydroelectric reservoirs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The research of underwater sensor networks (UWSNs) is gaining attention due to its possible applications in many scenarios, such as ecosystem preservation, disaster prevention, oil and gas exploration and freshwater reservoirs management. The main elements ... Keywords: hydroelectric, monitoring, reservoirs, underwater sensor networks, underwater sensor node

Luiz F. M. Vieira; Marcos A. M. Vieira; David Pinto; José Augusto M. Nacif; Sadraque S. Viana; Alex B. Vieira

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

Anomaly detection in wireless sensor networks using self-organizing map and wavelets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) have been applied in agriculture monitoring to monitor and collect various physical attributes within a specific area. It is important to detect data anomalies to determine a suitable course of action. The underlying aim ... Keywords: agriculture monitoring, anomaly detection, discrete wavelet transform, self-organizing map, wavelets, wireless sensor networks

Supakit Siripanadorn; Wipawee Hattagam; Neung Teaumroong

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Quality of Service for Wireless Sensor Networks in Smart Grid Applications .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Monitoring and controlling smart grid assets in a timely and reliable manner is highly desired for emerging smart grid applications. Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) are… (more)

Al-Anbagi, Irfan

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Efficient XML usage within wireless sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Integrating wireless sensor networks in heterogeneous networks is a complex task. A reason is the absence of a standardized data exchange format that is supported in all participating sub networks. XML has evolved to the de facto standard data exchange ... Keywords: XML, database management, programming language, wireless sensor networks

Nils Hoeller; Christoph Reinke; Jana Neumann; Sven Groppe; Daniel Boeckmann; Volker Linnemann

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "monitoring sensor network" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Wireless sensor network operating systems: a survey  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The design of operating system for Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) deviates from the traditional operating system design due to their specific characteristics like constrained resources, high dynamics and inaccessible deployment environments. We ... Keywords: TinyOS, WSN operating systems, WSNs, ad-hoc networks, applications, characteristics, classification framework, design, embedded systems, reprogramming, survey, virtual machines, wireless networks, wireless sensor networks

Adi Mallikarjuna V. Reddy; A.V.U. Phani Kumar; D. Janakiram; G. Ashok Kumar

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Characterization monitoring & sensor technology crosscutting program  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The purpose of the Characterization, Monitoring, and Sensor Technology Crosscutting Program (CMST-CP) is to deliver appropriate characterization, monitoring, and sensor technology (CMST) to the OFfice of Waste Management (EM-30), the Office of Environmental Restoration (EM-40), and the Office of Facility Transition and Management (EM-60).

NONE

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Automatic decentralized clustering for wireless sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We propose a decentralized algorithm for organizing an ad hoc sensor network into clusters. Each sensor uses a random waiting timer and local criteria to determine whether to form a new cluster or to join a current cluster. The algorithm operates without ... Keywords: clustering algorithm, random waiting timer, wireless sensor networks

Chih-Yu Wen; William A. Sethares

2005-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Distributed user access control in sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

User access control in sensor networks defines a process of granting user the access right to the information and resources. It is essential for the future real sensor network deployment in which sensors may provide users with different services in terms ...

Haodong Wang; Qun Li

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

Converging Redundant Sensor Network Information for Improved Building Control  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This project is investigating the development and application of sensor networks to enhance building energy management and security. Commercial, industrial and residential buildings often incorporate systems used to determine occupancy, but current sensor technology and control algorithms limit the effectiveness of these systems. For example, most of these systems rely on single monitoring points to detect occupancy, when more than one monitoring point would improve system performance. Phase I of the project focused on instrumentation and data collection. In Phase I, a new occupancy detection system was developed, commissioned and installed in a sample of private offices and open-plan office workstations. Data acquisition systems were developed and deployed to collect data on space occupancy profiles. In phase II of the project, described in this report, we demonstrate that a network of several sensors provides a more accurate measure of occupancy than is possible using systems based on single monitoring points. We also establish that analysis algorithms can be applied to the sensor network data stream to improve the accuracy of system performance in energy management and security applications, and show that it may be possible to use sensor network pulse rate to distinguish the number of occupants in a space. Finally, in this phase of the project we also developed a prototype web-based display that portrays the current status of each detector in a sensor network monitoring building occupancy. This basic capability will be extended in the future by applying an algorithm-based inference to the sensor network data stream, so that the web page displays the likelihood that each monitored office or area is occupied, as a supplement to the actual status of each sensor.

Dale K. Tiller; Gregor P. Henze

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

A logic approach to virtual sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a technique that builds a layer of virtual sensors over a sensor network. The virtual sensors are able to infer and provide data for the physical sensors that do not work. The key assumption of our approach is that the physical quantities ...

Luciano Caroprese; Carmela Comito; Domenico Talia; Ester Zumpano

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

Energy Management in Wireless Sensor Network Operations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this dissertation, we develop and analyze effective energy management policies for wireless sensor networks in emerging applications. Existing methods in this area have primarily focused on energy conservation through the use of various communication techniques. However, in most applications of wireless sensor networks, savings in energy come at the expense of several performance parameters. Therefore it is necessary to manage energy consumption while being conscious of its effects on performance. In most cases, such energy-performance issues are specific to the nature of the application. Our research has been motivated by new techniques and applications where efficient energy-performance trade-off decisions are required. We primarily study the following trade-off cases: energy and node replacement costs (Case I), energy and delay (Case II), and energy and availability (Case III). We consider these trade-off situations separately in three distinct problem scenarios. In the first problem (Case I), we consider minimizing energy and node replacement costs in underwater wireless sensor networks for seismic monitoring application. In this case, we introduce mixed-integer programming (MIP) formulations based on a combined routing and node replacement policy approach and develop effective policies for large problem instances where our MIP models are intractable. In the second problem (Case II), we develop a Markov decision process (MDP) model to manage energy-delay trade-off in network coding which is a new energy-saving technique for wireless networks. Here we derive properties of the optimal policy and develop in- sights into other simple policies that are later shown to be efficient in particular situations. In the third problem (Case III), we consider an autonomous energy harvesting sensor network where nodes are turned off from time to time to operate in an “energy-neutral” manner. In this case, we use stochastic fluid-flow analysis to evaluate and analyze the availability of the sensor nodes under effective energy management policies. In each of the above problem cases, we develop analytical formulations, and derive and/or analyze policies that effectively manage the considered energy-performance trade-off. Overall, our analyses and solution methods make new contributions to both operations research and communication networking literature.

Mohapatra, Arupa Kumar

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

NETL: Gasification Systems - Model Based Optimal Sensor Network Design for  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Model Based Optimal Sensor Network Design for Condition Monitoring Model Based Optimal Sensor Network Design for Condition Monitoring Project Number: FE0005712 General Electric (GE) Global Research is developing an advanced model-based optimal sensor network to monitor the condition of the gasification section in an integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) plant. The work builds on model-based controls aimed at enhancing efficiency and operational flexibility through increased automation. Within an overall strategy of employing model-based online monitoring and predictive controls, GE Global Research is extending existing models for the gasifier and radiant syngas cooler to include the effects of degradation and fouling on the sensed variables like temperature etc., and will implement an estimation algorithm to assess the extent of gasifier refractory degradation and radiant syngas cooler fouling. An optimization-based solution will be employed to optimally place the hardware sensors utilized in the estimation algorithm in order to achieve the monitoring requirements at the lowest cost. The performance of the sensor placement algorithm and resulting monitoring solution will be demonstrated through simulations using representative test cases. The overall approach is one of the first to be applicable to condition monitoring of critical components in IGCC plants.

149

System architecture directions for networked sensors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Technological progress in integrated, low-power, CMOS communication devices and sensors makes a rich design space of networked sensors viable. They can be deeply embedded in the physical world and spread throughout our environment like smart dust. The ...

Jason Hill; Robert Szewczyk; Alec Woo; Seth Hollar; David Culler; Kristofer Pister

2000-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Active time scheduling for rechargeable sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recent progress in energy harvesting technologies made it possible to build sensor networks with rechargeable nodes which target an indefinitely long operation. In these networks, the goal of energy management is to allocate the available energy such ... Keywords: Energy harvesting, Rechargeable, Sensor network

Volodymyr Pryyma; Damla Turgut; Ladislau Bölöni

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Building programmable routing service for sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Current routing services for sensor networks are application-specific. They are pre-configured into nodes, and thus have difficulty in adapting to different applications and network conditions. This paper describes a framework to build programmable routing ... Keywords: Energy saving, Parameterization, Programmable, Routing, Sensor networks

Yu He; Cauligi S. Raghavendra

2005-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

LUSTER: wireless sensor network for environmental research  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Environmental wireless sensor network (EWSN) systems are deployed in potentially harsh and remote environments where inevitable node and communication failures must be tolerated. LUSTER---Light Under Shrub Thicket for Environmental Research---is a system ... Keywords: LiteTDMA, architecture, environmental science, implementation, mote, network protocol, storage, validation, wireless sensor network

L. Selavo; A. Wood; Q. Cao; T. Sookoor; H. Liu; A. Srinivasan; Y. Wu; W. Kang; J. Stankovic; D. Young; J. Porter

2007-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

Converging Redundant Sensor Network Information for Improved Building Control  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This project investigated the development and application of sensor networks to enhance building energy management and security. Commercial, industrial and residential buildings often incorporate systems used to determine occupancy, but current sensor technology and control algorithms limit the effectiveness of these systems. For example, most of these systems rely on single monitoring points to detect occupancy, when more than one monitoring point could improve system performance. Phase I of the project focused on instrumentation and data collection. During the initial project phase, a new occupancy detection system was developed, commissioned and installed in a sample of private offices and open-plan office workstations. Data acquisition systems were developed and deployed to collect data on space occupancy profiles. Phase II of the project demonstrated that a network of several sensors provides a more accurate measure of occupancy than is possible using systems based on single monitoring points. This phase also established that analysis algorithms could be applied to the sensor network data stream to improve the accuracy of system performance in energy management and security applications. In Phase III of the project, the sensor network from Phase I was complemented by a control strategy developed based on the results from the first two project phases: this controller was implemented in a small sample of work areas, and applied to lighting control. Two additional technologies were developed in the course of completing the project. A prototype web-based display that portrays the current status of each detector in a sensor network monitoring building occupancy was designed and implemented. A new capability that enables occupancy sensors in a sensor network to dynamically set the 'time delay' interval based on ongoing occupant behavior in the space was also designed and implemented.

Dale Tiller; D. Phil; Gregor Henze; Xin Guo

2007-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

154

Complex Event Detection in Extremely Resource-Constrained Wireless Sensor Networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Complex Events are sequences of sensor measurements indicating interesting or unusual activity in the monitored process. Such events are ubiquitous in a wide range of Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) applications, yet there does not exist a common mechanism ... Keywords: complex event detection, integer techniques, wireless sensor networks

Michael Zoumboulakis; George Roussos

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Constrained multiple deployment problem in wireless sensor networks with guaranteed lifetimes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We aimed to deploy wireless sensor networks with guaranteed lifetimes for outdoor monitoring projects. The provision of a guaranteed lifetime has rarely been studied in previous deployment problems. The use of battery packs as the power source for sensors ... Keywords: Deployment problem, Guaranteed lifetime, Sensor network

Chun-Han Lin; Chung-Ta King; Ting-Yi Chen

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

ATA: adaptive transmission algorithms for prolonging lifetime in underwater sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The severe energy constraints of sensors and the unique characteristics of underwater sensor networks (UWSNs) present major challenges for the long-term monitoring applications. This paper proposes two novel adaptive transmission algorithms for UWSNs ... Keywords: algorithms, lifetime, underwater sensor networks

Zhongwen Guo; Jinfeng Dou; Wei Han; Guangxu Zhang; Zhengang Ha

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

TwinRoute: Energy-Efficient Data Collection in Fixed Sensor Networks with Mobile Sinks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Collecting data from source sensor nodes to designated sinks is a common and challenging task in a wide spectrum of sensor network applications, ranging from animal monitoring to security surveillance. A number of approaches exploiting sink mobility ... Keywords: wireless sensor network, delay tolerant, dtn, mobile sink, reactive, proactive, routing protocol

Ricklef Wohlers; Niki Trigoni; Rui Zhang; Stephen Ellwood

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

SENHOD: scarce-resources wireless sensor network for healthcare in oil derricks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present our experience with designing, developing, and deploying of a Scarce-resource Wireless Sensor Network (SWSN) for monitoring temperature and humidity high above oil derricks (drilling tower) in PEMEX (Parastatal Mexican Petroleum Company) drilling ... Keywords: derrickmen, exposure, healthcare, humidity, oil derrick, sensor, temperature, wireless sensor network

Pablo Pancardo; Juan C. Dueñas

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Smart bridges, smart tunnels: Transforming wireless sensor networks from research prototypes into robust engineering infrastructure  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We instrumented large civil engineering infrastructure items, such as bridges and tunnels, with sensors that monitor their operational performance and deterioration. In so doing we discovered that commercial offerings of wireless sensor networks (WSNs) ... Keywords: Civil engineering, Deployment, Radio propagation, Realworld experience, Security, Wireless sensor networks

Frank Stajano; Neil Hoult; Ian Wassell; Peter Bennett; Campbell Middleton; Kenichi Soga

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Routing Security Issues in Wireless Sensor Networks: Attacks and Defenses  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) are rapidly emerging as an important new area in wireless and mobile computing research. Applications of WSNs are numerous and growing, and range from indoor deployment scenarios in the home and office to outdoor deployment scenarios in adversary's territory in a tactical battleground (Akyildiz et al., 2002). For military environment, dispersal of WSNs into an adversary's territory enables the detection and tracking of enemy soldiers and vehicles. For home/office environments, indoor sensor networks offer the ability to monitor the health of the elderly and to detect intruders via a wireless home security system. In each of these scenarios, lives and livelihoods may depend on the timeliness and correctness of the sensor data obtained from dispersed sensor nodes. As a result, such WSNs must be secured to prevent an intruder from obstructing the delivery of correct sensor data and from forging sensor data. To address the latter problem, end-to-end data integrity checksums and pos...

Sen, Jaydip

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "monitoring sensor network" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

FEMP Technology Brief: Wireless Sensor Networks for Data Centers |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Wireless Sensor Networks for Data Centers Wireless Sensor Networks for Data Centers FEMP Technology Brief: Wireless Sensor Networks for Data Centers October 7, 2013 - 9:15am Addthis The geometrical arrangement of your server rack in a data center to optimize heat removal can dramatically lower cooling and fan power needs. Server rack configuration in the Data Center at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) Research Support Facility. Photo credit: NREL PIX 18784 The waste heat emitted from institutional data center servers can be removed more efficiently when design considerations are evaluated and innovative monitoring sensor networks are installed for verification and measurement. Hot aisle containment system in the Data Center at the NREL Research Support Facility. Photo credit: NREL PIX 18780

162

FEMP Technology Brief: Wireless Sensor Networks for Data Centers |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

FEMP Technology Brief: Wireless Sensor Networks for Data Centers FEMP Technology Brief: Wireless Sensor Networks for Data Centers FEMP Technology Brief: Wireless Sensor Networks for Data Centers October 7, 2013 - 9:15am Addthis The geometrical arrangement of your server rack in a data center to optimize heat removal can dramatically lower cooling and fan power needs. Server rack configuration in the Data Center at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) Research Support Facility. Photo credit: NREL PIX 18784 The waste heat emitted from institutional data center servers can be removed more efficiently when design considerations are evaluated and innovative monitoring sensor networks are installed for verification and measurement. Hot aisle containment system in the Data Center at the NREL Research Support Facility. Photo

163

Intelligent Software Agents for Enhancing Sensor Networks ...  

Technology Marketing Summary Intelligent software agents developed by ORNL researchers can be used with sensor networks in distributed and centralized computing ...

164

Energy Saving Methods in Wireless Sensor Networks.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? To predict the lifetime of wireless sensor networks before their installation is an important concern. The IEEE 802.15.4 standard is specifically meant to support… (more)

JAWAD ALI, SYED

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Robust Semidefinite Programming Approaches for Sensor Network ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

May 21, 2006 ... Many applications use ad hoc wireless sensor networks for ...... Technical report, Operation Research, Stanford University, Stanford, CA,. 2005.

166

An energy-efficient, multi-agent sensor network for detecting diffuse events  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Monitoring a diffuse event with a wireless sensor network differs from well studied applications such as target tracking and habitat monitoring and therefore we suggest that new approaches are needed. In this paper we propose a novel low power technique ... Keywords: multi-agent systems and diffuse events, sensor networks

Rónán Mac Ruairí; Mark T. Keane

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Fusion-based volcanic earthquake detection and timing in wireless sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Volcano monitoring is of great interest to public safety and scientific explorations. However, traditional volcanic instrumentation such as broadband seismometers are expensive, power hungry, bulky, and difficult to install. Wireless sensor networks ... Keywords: Volcano monitoring, data fusion, earthquake detection, wireless sensor network

Rui Tan; Guoliang Xing; Jinzhu Chen; Wen-Zhan Song; Renjie Huang

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

GAS MAIN SENSOR AND COMMUNICATIONS NETWORK SYSTEM  

SciTech Connect

Automatika, Inc. was contracted by the Department of Energy (DOE) and with co-funding from the New York Gas Group (NYGAS), to develop an in-pipe natural gas prototype measurement and wireless communications system for assessing and monitoring distribution networks. A prototype system was built for low-pressure cast-iron mains and tested in a spider- and serial-network configuration in a live network in Long Island with the support of Keyspan Energy, Inc. The prototype unit combined sensors capable of monitoring pressure, flow, humidity, temperature and vibration, which were sampled and combined in data-packages in an in-pipe master-slave architecture to collect data from a distributed spider-arrangement, and in a master-repeater-slave configuration in serial or ladder-network arrangements. It was found that the system was capable of performing all data-sampling and collection as expected, yielding interesting results as to flow-dynamics and vibration-detection. Wireless in-pipe communications were shown to be feasible and valuable data was collected in order to determine how to improve on range and data-quality in the future.

Hagen Schempf, Ph.D.

2003-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

169

Programming wireless sensor networks: Fundamental concepts and state of the art  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Wireless sensor networks (WSNs) are attracting great interest in a number of application domains concerned with monitoring and control of physical phenomena, as they enable dense and untethered deployments at low cost and with unprecedented flexibility. ... Keywords: Wireless sensor networks, middleware, networked embedded systems, programming abstractions

Luca Mottola; Gian Pietro Picco

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

An evolutionary framework for routing protocol analysis in wireless sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) are widely adopted for applications ranging from surveillance to environmental monitoring. While powerful and relatively inexpensive, they are subject to behavioural faults which make them unreliable. Due to the complex ... Keywords: anomaly detection, evolutionary algorithms, network efficiency, routing protocols, wireless sensor networks

Doina Bucur; Giovanni Iacca; Giovanni Squillero; Alberto Tonda

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

PKM: a pairwise key management scheme for wireless sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Sensor networks are characterized by strict resource limitations and large scalability. Many sensor network applications require secure communication, a crucial component, especially in harsh environments. Symmetric key cryptography is very attractive ... Keywords: key distribution, key management, security, sensor networks

F. An; X. Cheng; J. M. Rivera; J. Li; Z. Cheng

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

Life cycle support for sensor network applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Developing applications for sensor networks is a challenging task. Most programming systems narrowly focus on programming issues while ignoring that programming represents only a tiny fraction of the typical life cycle of an application. Furthermore, ... Keywords: assessment, middleware, sensor networks, separation of concerns, software engineering

Urs Bischoff; Gerd Kortuem

2007-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Wireless sensor networks for healthcare: A survey  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Becoming mature enough to be used for improving the quality of life, wireless sensor network technologies are considered as one of the key research areas in computer science and healthcare application industries. The pervasive healthcare systems provide ... Keywords: Care for elderly, Children and chronically ill, Pervasive healthcare, Wireless sensor networks

Hande Alemdar; Cem Ersoy

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Efficient code distribution in wireless sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The need to reprogramme a wireless sensor network may arise from changing application requirements, bug fixes, or during the application development cycle. Once deployed, it will be impractical at best to reach each individual node. Thus, a scheme is ... Keywords: code distribution, compression, reprogramming, sensor networks, string distance, wireless

Niels Reijers; Koen Langendoen

2003-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

Diagnostic tracing for wireless sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Wireless sensor networks are typically deployed in harsh environments, thus post-deployment failures are not infrequent. An execution trace containing events in their order of execution could play a crucial role in postmortem diagnosis of these failures. ... Keywords: Embedded debugging, diagnosis, tracing, wireless sensor networks

Vinaitheerthan Sundaram; Patrick Eugster; Xiangyu Zhang; Vamsidhar Addanki

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Cooperative caching in wireless multimedia sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The recent advances in miniaturization and the creation of low-power circuits, combined with small-sized batteries have made the development of wireless sensor networks a working reality. Lately, the production of cheap complementary metal-oxide semiconductor ... Keywords: cooperative caching, multimedia, replacement policy, wireless sensor networks

Nikos Dimokas; Dimitrios Katsaros; Yannis Manolopoulos

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Solar Energy Harvesting for Wireless Sensor Networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The commercially available sensor nodes are battery-driven devices. A number of nodes together constitute a network. As days proceed, the batteries used in the nodes lose their charge and subsequently get isolated from the network. Many energy harvesting ... Keywords: Energy Harvest, Recharging Circuitry, Batteries, Low Power Design, MICAz sensor nodes

P. T. V. Bhuvaneswari; R. Balakumar; V. Vaidehi; P. Balamuralidhar

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

Fault reconnaissance agent for sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

One of the key prerequisite for a scalable, effective and efficient sensor network is the utilization of low-cost, low-overhead and high-resilient fault-inference techniques. To this end, we propose an intelligent agent system with a problem solving ... Keywords: Management, expectation maximization algorithm, intelligent agents, wireless sensor networks

Elhadi M. Shakshuki; Xinyu Xing; Tarek R. Sheltami

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Power management in energy harvesting sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Power management is an important concern in sensor networks, because a tethered energy infrastructure is usually not available and an obvious concern is to use the available battery energy efficiently. However, in some of the sensor networking applications, ... Keywords: Adaptive duty cycling, Heliomote, energy neutrality, lifetime, power management

Aman Kansal; Jason Hsu; Sadaf Zahedi; Mani B. Srivastava

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Deterministic Secure Positioning in Wireless Sensor Networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Position verification problem is an important building block for a large subset of wireless sensor networks (WSN) applications. As a result, the performance of the WSN degrades significantly when misbehaving nodes report false location information in ... Keywords: Distributed Protocol, Secure Positioning, Wireless Sensor Network

Sylvie Delaët; Partha Sarathi Mandal; Mariusz A. Rokicki; Sébastien Tixeuil

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "monitoring sensor network" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Tracking-history-based Sleeping Policies for Wireless Sensor Networks.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??A wireless sensor network can be used to track an object. Every sensor has limited energy and detecting range. In order to conserve energy, sensors… (more)

Gau, Ding-hau

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Sensor network based vehicle classification and license plate identification system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Typically, for energy efficiency and scalability purposes, sensor networks have been used in the context of environmental and traffic monitoring applications in which operations at the sensor level are not computationally intensive. But increasingly, sensor network applications require data and compute intensive sensors such video cameras and microphones. In this paper, we describe the design and implementation of two such systems: a vehicle classifier based on acoustic signals and a license plate identification system using a camera. The systems are implemented in an energy-efficient manner to the extent possible using commercially available hardware, the Mica motes and the Stargate platform. Our experience in designing these systems leads us to consider an alternate more flexible, modular, low-power mote architecture that uses a combination of FPGAs, specialized embedded processing units and sensor data acquisition systems.

Frigo, Janette Rose [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Brennan, Sean M [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Rosten, Edward J [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Raby, Eric Y [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Kulathumani, Vinod K [WEST VIRGINIA UNIV.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Deploying a Wireless Sensor Network on an Active Volcano  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Augmenting heavy and power-hungry data collection equipment with lighter, smaller wireless sensor network nodes leads to faster, larger deployments. Arrays comprising dozens of wireless sensor nodes are now possible, allowing scientific studies that ... Keywords: wireless sensor networks, sensor network applications, sensor network nodes, volcano research

Geoffrey Werner-Allen; Konrad Lorincz; Matt Welsh; Omar Marcillo; Jeff Johnson; Mario Ruiz; Jonathan Lees

2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Battery Allocation for Maximizing Lifetime of Wireless Sensor Networks.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Wireless sensor network has been an area of interest among researchers. Designing a wireless sensor network involves multiple issues such as size and processing capacity… (more)

Khambete, Ketki

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Network scheduling for data archiving applications in sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Since data archiving in sensor networks is a communication intensive application, a careful power management of communication is of critical importance for such networks. An example is FPS, an adaptive power scheduling algorithm that combines slotted ...

Yong Yao; S. M. Nazrul Alam; Johannes Gehrke; Sergio D. Servetto

2006-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Harnessing Smart Sensor Technology for Industrial Energy Efficiency- Making Process-Specific Efficiency Projects Cost Effective with a Broadly Configurable, Network-Enabled Monitoring Tool  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

To improve monitoring technology often re-quired by industrial energy efficiency projects, we have developed a set of power and process monitoring tools based on the IEEE 1451.2 smart sensor interface standard. These tools enable a wide-range of industrial facilities to monitor electricity use and identify opportunities for savings. Our efforts have focused on creating an 'off-the-shelf' monitoring solution that can be configured for a wide range of sensors to monitor machine and process parameters in conjunction with electrical power usage. Using these tools, we have identified energy savings opportunities for several manufacturing processes by monitoring and analyzing real-time, process-related information in conjunction with electric power consumption data. Specifically, we have found that some energy savings opportunities are only apparent after combining synchronously-collected, machine and process information with power-use profiles. In this paper we discuss examples of applying this approach to various manufacturing processes from different product sectors.

Wiczer, J. J.; Wiczer, M. B.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Tide gate sensor network as a forensic tool: establishing facts during superstorm sandy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study presents a Sensor Network based Tide Gate Monitoring System (SensorTGMS) that automatically collects the real-time water levels at tide gates in the New Jersey Meadowlands District where ninety percent of which lies within two feet of the ... Keywords: emergency management, flood alerts, forensic analysis, hurricane, hurricane damages, sensor network, superstorm sandy, tide gate monitoring system, water level, water quality

Soon Ae Chun; Francisco Artigas

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

Reconfigurable Intelligent Sensors for Health Monitoring: A Case Study of Oximeter sensor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ultra low-power, intelligent sensors capable of customization and seamless integration into a body area network for health monitoring applications presents one of the most challenging tasks for system designers. To answer this challenge we propose a reconfigurable intelligent sensor platform featuring a low-power microcontroller, a low-power programmable logic device, a communication interface, and a signal conditioning circuit. The proposed solution promises a cost-effective, flexible platform that allows easy customization, run-time reconfiguration, and energyefficient computation and communication. The development of a common platform for multiple physical sensors and a repository of both software procedures and soft Intellectual Property cores for hardware acceleration will increase reuse and alleviate costs of transition to a new generation of sensors. As a case study, we present an implementation of a reconfigurable pulse oximeter sensor.

E. Jovanov; A. Milenkovi?; S. Basham; D. Clark; D. Kelley

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

Low power wireless sensor networks in industrial environment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The current situation in Spanish municipal solid waste is a reason of concern for the society because the consumption habits of modern consumer lifestyles are causing a huge waste problem. Last investigations show generation of polluting emissions, not ... Keywords: MicaZ, heliomote, landfill monitoring, solid waste emissions, wireless sensor networks

Roberto Fernández-Martínez; J. Ordieres; A. Gonzalez-Marcos

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Hierarchical-Battery Aware Routing in Wireless Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hierarchical-Battery Aware Routing in Wireless Sensor Networks Ravi Musunuri Jorge A. Cobb monitoring applications. Pulsed battery discharge from the nodes prolongs the battery capacity as compared to constant discharge. Idle time between the pulses of discharge helps in recovering the discharged battery

Cobb, Jorge Arturo

191

Round Robin Cycle for Predictions in Wireless Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

{yleborgn,gbonte}@ulb.ac.be Abstract Use of prediction models in sensor networks proves to be efficient-line data analysis. These applications, for instance environmental or structural monitoring, HVAC systems undesirable consequences however follow from the use of a single prediction subset: 1) Erroneous models

Le Borgne, Yann-Aël

192

Battery-free Wireless Sensor Network For Advanced Fossil-Fuel Based Power Generation  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes technical progress achieved during the project supported by the Department of Energy under Award Number DE-FG26-07NT4306. The aim of the project was to conduct basic research into battery-free wireless sensing mechanism in order to develop novel wireless sensors and sensor network for physical and chemical parameter monitoring in a harsh environment. Passive wireless sensing platform and five wireless sensors including temperature sensor, pressure sensor, humidity sensor, crack sensor and networked sensors developed and demonstrated in our laboratory setup have achieved the objective for the monitoring of various physical and chemical parameters in a harsh environment through remote power and wireless sensor communication, which is critical to intelligent control of advanced power generation system. This report is organized by the sensors developed as detailed in each progress report.

Yi Jia

2011-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

193

Millimeter wave sensor for monitoring effluents  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A millimeter-wave sensor for detecting and measuring effluents from processing plants either remotely or on-site includes a high frequency signal source for transmitting frequency-modulated continuous waves in the millimeter or submillimeter range with a wide sweep capability and a computer-controlled detector for detecting a plurality of species of effluents on a real time basis. A high resolution spectrum of an effluent, or effluents, is generated by a deconvolution of the measured spectra resulting in a narrowing of the line widths by 2 or 3 orders of magnitude as compared with the pressure broadened spectra detected at atmospheric pressure for improved spectral specificity and measurement sensitivity. The sensor is particularly adapted for remote monitoring such as where access is limited or sensor cost restricts multiple sensors as well as for large area monitoring under nearly all weather conditions.

Gopalsami, Nachappa (Naperville, IL); Bakhtiari, Sasan (Bolingbrook, IL); Raptis, Apostolos C. (Downers Grove, IL); Dieckman, Stephen L. (Downers Grove, IL)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

GAS MAIN SENSOR AND COMMUNICATIONS NETWORK SYSTEM  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Automatika, Inc. was contracted by the Department of Energy (DOE) and with co-funding from the New York Gas Group (NYGAS), to develop an in-pipe natural gas prototype measurement and wireless communications system for assessing and monitoring distribution networks. In Phase II of this three-phase program, an improved prototype system was built for low-pressure cast-iron and high-pressure steel (including a no-blow installation system) mains and tested in a serial-network configuration in a live network in Long Island with the support of Keyspan Energy, Inc. The experiment was carried out in several open-hole excavations over a multi-day period. The prototype units (3 total) combined sensors capable of monitoring pressure, flow, humidity, temperature and vibration, which were sampled and combined in data-packages in an in-pipe master-repeater-slave configuration in serial or ladder-network arrangements. It was verified that the system was capable of performing all data-sampling, data-storage and collection as expected, yielding interesting results as to flow-dynamics and vibration-detection. Wireless in-pipe communications were shown to be feasible and the system was demonstrated to run off in-ground battery- and above-ground solar power. The remote datalogger access and storage-card features were demonstrated and used to log and post-process system data. Real-time data-display on an updated Phase-I GUI was used for in-field demonstration and troubleshooting.

Hagen Schempf

2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

195

A Delaunay Triangulation based method for wireless sensor network deployment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To obtain a satisfied performance of wireless sensor network, an adaptable sensor deployment method for various applications is essential. In this paper, we propose a centralized and deterministic sensor deployment method, DT-Score (Delaunay Triangulation-Score), ... Keywords: Delaunay Triangulation, Obstacles, Sensor coverage, Sensor deployment, Wireless sensor network

Chun-Hsien Wu; Kuo-Chuan Lee; Yeh-Ching Chung

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

Advanced Sensor Approaches for Monitoring and Control of Gas...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Contract Value (327,501 DOE) Advanced Sensor Approaches For Monitoring and Control Of Gas Turbine Combustors Georgia Institute of Technology JSTL 101905 Advanced Sensors 10...

197

MOCUS: moving object counting using ultrasonic sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Counting the number of moving objects in a given area has many practical applications. By investigating a series of state-of-the-art technologies, we propose a Moving Object Counting approach using Ultrasonic Sensor networks (MOCUS). ... Keywords: clustering, moving objects, object counting, sensor clusters, ultrasonic sensor networks, ultrasound, wireless networks, wireless sensor networks

Quanbin Chen; Min Gao; Jian Ma; Dian Zhang; Lionel M. Ni; Yunhao Liu

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Game Theoretic Distributed Energy Control in Sensor Networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Standard wireless sensor networks models emphasize energy efficiency and distributed decision- making by considering unattended sensors. Wireless sensor networks are confronted with the challenges of performance and energy consumption. To prolong the ...

Jia Zeng; Chundi Mu; Min Jiang

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Data collection, storage, and retrieval with an underwater sensor network  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we present a novel platform for underwater sensor networks to be used for long-term monitoring of coral reefs and fisheries. The sensor network consists of static and mobile underwater sensor nodes. The nodes communicate point-to-point using a novel high-speed optical communication system integrated into the TinyOS stack, and they broadcast using an acoustic protocol integrated in the TinyOS stack. The nodes have a variety of sensing capabilities, including cameras, water temperature, and pressure. The mobile nodes can locate and hover above the static nodes for data muling, and they can perform network maintenance functions such as deployment, relocation, and recovery. In this paper we describe the hardware and software architecture of this underwater sensor network. We then describe the optical and acoustic networking protocols and present experimental networking and data collected in a pool, in rivers, and in the ocean. Finally, we describe our experiments with mobility for data muling in this network.

I. Vasilescu; K. Kotay; D. Rus; M. Dunbabin; P. Corke

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Employment of wireless sensor networks for full-scale ship application  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this study, basic experiments regarding the wireless sensor network were conducted on a 3,000-ton-class training ship as the first step in applying the ubiquitous technology to a real ship. Various application fields of the technology in terms of ... Keywords: WSN (wireless sensor network), monitoring, ship, ubiquitous, zigbee

Bu-Geun Paik; Seong-Rak Cho; Beom-Jin Park; Dongkon Lee; Jong-Hwui Yun; Byung-Dueg Bae

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "monitoring sensor network" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Multiple receiver strategies for minimizing packet loss in dense sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A typical wireless sensor network consists of many small sensors that collect instrument data around their locations and forward it to a central location for data processing. These networks can be deployed to monitor livestock and agricultural assets, ... Keywords: capture effect, scalability

Bernhard Firner; Chenren Xu; Richard Howard; Yanyong Zhang

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Efficient solution techniques for the integrated coverage, sink location and routing problem in wireless sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Sensors are tiny electronic devices having limited battery energy and capability for sensing, data processing and communicating. They can collectively behave to provide an effective wireless network that monitors a region and transmits the collected ... Keywords: Integer programming, Tabu search, Wireless sensor networks

Evren Güney; Necati Aras; ?. Kuban Alt?nel; Cem Ersoy

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Topology control for delay-constraint data collection in wireless sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Data collection is one of the most important operations in wireless sensor networks. Many practical applications require the real-time data transmission, such as monitoring, tracking, etc. In this paper, we import and define the topology control problem ... Keywords: Data collection, Delay, Energy efficient, Topology control, Wireless sensor networks

Hongli Xu; Liusheng Huang; Wang Liu; Gang Wang; Yang Wang

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Dynamic fine-grained localization in Ad-Hoc networks of sensors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The recent advances in radio and em beddedsystem technologies have enabled the proliferation of wireless microsensor networks. Such wirelessly connected sensors are released in many diverse environments to perform various monitoring tasks. In many such ... Keywords: localization, location discovery, wireless sensor networks

Andreas Savvides; Chih-Chieh Han; Mani B. Strivastava

2001-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

InRout - A QoS aware route selection algorithm for industrial wireless sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Wireless sensor networks are a key enabling technology for industrial monitoring applications where the use of wireless infrastructure allows high adaptivity and low cost in terms of installation and retrofitting. To facilitate the move from the current ... Keywords: IEEE 802.15.4, Industrial, Quality of service, Reinforcement learning, Routing, Wireless sensor networks (WSNs)

Berta Carballido Villaverde; Susan Rea; Dirk Pesch

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

Steel, cast iron and concrete: security engineering for real world wireless sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

What are the real security issues for a wireless sensor network (WSN) intended to monitor the structural health of a suspension bridge, a subway tunnel or a water distribution pipe? Could an attack on the sensor network cause the structure to collapse? ...

Frank Stajano; Dan Cvrcek; Matt Lewis

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

Towards Ontology-based Data Quality Inference in Large-Scale Sensor Networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents an ontology-based approach for data quality inference on streaming observation data originating from large-scale sensor networks. We evaluate this approach in the context of an existing river basin monitoring program called the Intelligent ... Keywords: Wireless Sensor Networks, Semantic Web, Distributed Computing

Sam Esswein; Sebastien Goasguen; Chris Post; Jason Hallstrom; David White; Gene Eidson

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Solar powered sensor network design and experimentation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As battery capacities are a key limiting factor of wireless sensor networks, harvesting energy from the environment is very attractive. For outdoor applications, solar power seems to be the best suited energy source. However, the amount of energy delivered ...

Daniela Krüger; Carsten Buschmann; Stefan Fischer

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

Cooperative caching in wireless multimedia sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The recent advances in miniaturization and the creation of low-power circuits, combined with small-sized batteries have made the development of wireless sensor networks a working reality. Lately, the production of cheap CMOS cameras and microphones gave ...

Nikos Dimokas; Dimitrios Katsaros; Yannis Manolopoulos

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

Intelligent Lighting System Using Wireless Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper examines the use of Wireless Sensor Networks interfaced with light fittings to allow for daylight substitution techniques to reduce energy usage in existing buildings. This creates a wire free system for existing buildings with minimal disruption and cost.

Kumaar, A A Nippun; TSB, Sudarshan; 10.5121/ijasuc.2010.1402

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Sensor Networks in Pervasive Healthcare Computing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Advances in wireless sensor networking (WSN) have opened up new opportunities in distributed informatics. Pervasive healthcare, based on WSN, is an emerging technology area with great potential of future applicability. Small size devices capable of sensing, ...

Zhilbert Tafa

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

Ubicorder : a mobile interface to sensor networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis presents the Ubicorder. The Ubicorder is a location and orientation aware sensor network browsing and interactive visualization system together with in-situ event denition and identification (termed EDITY). The ...

Mittal, Manas

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Krill: An exploration in underwater sensor networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

While sensor networks have now become very popular on land, the underwater environment still poses some difficult problems. Communication is one of the difficult challenges under water. There are two options:

I Vasilescu; K Kotay; D Rus; L Overs; P Sikka; M Dunbabin; P Chen; P Corke

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Clear channel assessment in wireless sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Wireless sensor networks are a rising commodity that demonstrate merit in the research domain due to their versatile nature. While powerful and feature-laden, these systems also require careful configuration for optimal packet transmission. This experiment ...

J. Collin Engstrom; Chase Gray

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Enabling ?-approximate querying in sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Data approximation is a popular means to support energy-efficient query processing in sensor networks. Conventional data approximation methods require users to specify fixed error bounds a prior to address the trade-off between result accuracy ...

Liu Yu; Jianzhong Li; Hong Gao; Xiaolin Fang

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Mobile sensor network localization in harsh environments  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The node localization problem in mobile sensor networks has recently received significant attention. Particle filters, adapted from robotics, have produced good localization accuracies in conventional settings, but suffer significantly when used in challenging ...

Harsha Chenji; Radu Stoleru

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

Complete Security Framework for Wireless Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Security concern for a Sensor Networks and level of security desired may differ according to application specific needs where the sensor networks are deployed. Till now, most of the security solutions proposed for sensor networks are layer wise i.e a particular solution is applicable to single layer itself. So, to integrate them all is a new research challenge. In this paper we took up the challenge and have proposed an integrated comprehensive security framework that will provide security services for all services of sensor network. We have added one extra component i.e. Intelligent Security Agent (ISA) to assess level of security and cross layer interactions. This framework has many components like Intrusion Detection System, Trust Framework, Key Management scheme and Link layer communication protocol. We have also tested it on three different application scenarios in Castalia and Omnet++ simulator.

Sharma, Kalpana; Kuldeep,

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

A flexible high-density sensor network  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis explores building and deploying a scalable electronic sensate skin that was designed as a dense sensor network. Our skin is built from small (1" x 1") rigid circuit boards attached to their neighbors with ...

Mistree, Behram Farrokh Thomas

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

Heterogeneous wireless sensor network deployment and topology control based on irregular sensor model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Heterogeneous wireless sensor network (heterogeneous WSN) consists of sensor nodes with different ability, such as different computing power and sensing range. Compared with homogeneous WSN, deployment and topology control are more complex in heterogeneous ... Keywords: heterogeneous sensor deployment, irregular sensor model, sensor coverage, topology control, wireless sensor network

Chun-Hsien Wu; Yeh-Ching Chung

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

CONVERGING REDUNDANT SENSOR NETWORK INFORMATION FOR IMPROVED BUILDING CONTROL  

SciTech Connect

Knowing how many people occupy a building, and where they are located, is a key component of building energy management and security. Commercial, industrial and residential buildings often incorporate systems used to determine occupancy, however, current sensor technology and control algorithms limit the effectiveness of both energy management and security systems. This topical report describes results from the first phase of a project to design, implement, validate, and prototype new technologies to monitor occupancy, control indoor environment services, and promote security in buildings. Phase I of the project focused on instrumentation and data collection. In this project phase a new occupancy detection system was developed, commissioned and installed in a sample of private offices and open-plan office workstations. Data acquisition systems were developed and deployed to collect data on space occupancy profiles. Analysis tools based on Bayesian probability theory were applied to the occupancy data generated by the sensor network. The inference of primary importance is a probability distribution over the number of occupants and their locations in a building, given past and present sensor measurements. Inferences were computed for occupancy and its temporal persistence in individual offices as well as the persistence of sensor status. The raw sensor data were also used to calibrate the sensor belief network, including the occupancy transition matrix used in the Markov model, sensor sensitivity, and sensor failure models. This study shows that the belief network framework can be applied to the analysis of data streams from sensor networks, offering significant benefits to building operation compared to current practice.

Dale K. Tiller; Gregor P. Henze

2004-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "monitoring sensor network" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Self-destruction procedure for mesh wireless sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Wireless sensor networks (WSN) are rapidly expanding their attractiveness in both military and civilian applications, imposing the need for effective security strategies/mechanisms. Since sensor networks in many circumstances operate with sensitive data ... Keywords: mesh networks, network lifecycle, security, self-destruction, wireless sensor networks

Madalin Plastoi; Daniel-Ioan Curiac; Iosif Gut; Constantin Volosencu

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Building Sensors and Energy Monitoring Systems  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

for Building Applications &1;&1; Current Status &1;&1; Key Challenges &2;&1;Energy Monitoring Systems in Homes TYPICAL NEW CARS &1;&1; 40-50 sensors per car &1;&1; Wide range of types *&1;...

223

Multipurpose Acoustic Sensor for Downhole Fluid Monitoring  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The projects objectives and purpose are to: (1) development a multipurpose acoustic sensor for downhole fluid monitoring in Enhanced Geothermal Systems (EGS) reservoirs over typical ranges of pressures and temperatures and demonstrate its capabilities and performance for different EGS systems; (2) determine in real-time and in a single sensor package several parameters - temperature, pressure, fluid flow and fluid properties; (3) needed in nearly every phase of an EGS project, including Testing of Injection and Production Wells, Reservoir Validation, Inter-well Connectivity, Reservoir Scale Up and Reservoir Sustainability. (4) Current sensors are limited to operating at lower temperatures, but the need is for logging at high temperatures. The present project deals with the development of a novel acoustic-based sensor that can work at temperatures up to 374 C, in inhospitable environments.

Pantea, Cristian [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

224

Projects To Develop Novel Monitoring Networks for Advanced Power Systems  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

To Develop Novel Monitoring Networks for Advanced Power To Develop Novel Monitoring Networks for Advanced Power Systems Selected Projects To Develop Novel Monitoring Networks for Advanced Power Systems Selected September 1, 2010 - 1:00pm Addthis Washington, DC - Five projects that will develop technologically sophisticated monitoring networks for advanced fossil energy power systems have been selected for continued research by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). The projects will support efforts by the Office of Fossil Energy's (FE) Advanced Research--Coal Utilization Science (CUS) Program to study novel approaches in model development and validation; monitoring refractory health; and wireless, self-powered sensors for advanced, next-generation power systems. They will monitor the status of equipment, materials

225

Dual wakeup design for wireless sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Energy is often identified as the single most important resource in wireless battery-powered sensor networks. While current wakeup schemes in the literature promise to conserve energy in such networks, they apply several assumptions that may not be always ... Keywords: Cyclic block design, Dual wakeup design, Energy conservation, Lonely node, Time-tolerance sensing

Y. F. Wong; L. H. Ngoh; Winston K. G. Seah; Wai-Choong Wong

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Fiber-Optic Sensors to Monitor Deepwater Oil and Gas ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Fiber-Optic Sensors to Monitor Deepwater Oil and Gas Pipelines. Partnering Organization: Luna Innovations, Incorporated, Blacksburg, VA. ...

227

Electrochemical NOx Sensor for Monitoring Diesel Emissions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Increasingly stringent emissions regulations will require the development of advanced gas sensors for a variety of applications. For example, compact, inexpensive sensors are needed for detection of regulated pollutants, including hydrocarbons (HCs), CO, and NO{sub x}, in automotive exhaust. Of particular importance will be a sensor for NO{sub x} to ensure the proper operation of the catalyst system in the next generation of diesel (CIDI) automobiles. Because many emerging applications, particularly monitoring of automotive exhaust, involve operation in harsh, high-temperature environments, robust ceramic-oxide-based electrochemical sensors are a promising technology. Sensors using yttria-stabilized zirconia (YSZ) as an oxygen-ion-conducting electrolyte have been widely reported for both amperometric and potentiometric modes of operation. These include the well-known exhaust gas oxygen (EGO) sensor. More recently, ac impedance-based (i.e., impedance-metric) sensing techniques using YSZ have been reported for sensing water vapor, hydrocarbons, CO, and NO{sub x}. Typically small-amplitude alternating signal is applied, and the sensor response is measured at a specified frequency. Most impedance-metric techniques have used the modulus (or magnitude) at low frequencies ( 600 C, and thermodynamic calculations predict {approx}90% NO, balance NO{sub 2}. Since automotive exhaust sensors will probably be required to operate at temperatures > 600 C, NO is the dominant component in thermodynamic equilibrium and the target NOx species. Also, the use of upstream catalysts could further promote the conversion of NO{sub x} species to NO. Therefore, the focus of current work is to investigate the response to NO. Nevertheless, minimizing the sensitivity to a variety of competing species is important in order to obtain the accuracy necessary for achieving the emission limits. Mitigating the effect of interfering gases (e.g., O{sub 2}, water vapor, HCs, etc.) is an area of current study. For impedance metric NO{sub x} sensors, our previous work has demonstrated that the cross-sensitivity to O{sub 2} may be accounted for by comparing measurements at multiple frequencies. Other strategies for compensation are also being explored, including calibration using data from existing sensors located nearby. Our current work has made significant advances in terms of developing prototype sensors more suitable for commercialization. Also, dynamometer testing has provided real-world sensor performance data that will be useful in approaching potential suppliers to whom we can transfer the technology for commercialization. The advances are a direct result of understanding the sensing mechanisms responsible for impedance-based NO{sub x} sensing and the effect of materials choice and sensor design/geometry.

Woo, L Y; Glass, R S

2008-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

228

Diagnostic Tools for Wireless Sensor Networks: A Comparative Survey  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The availability of tools to diagnose Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) failures is a key success factor for this type of networks as already demonstrated by several long-running deployments. By nature, WSNs are resource-constrained, fragile, complex to ... Keywords: Embedded debugging, Sensor diagnosing, Sensor failure, Sensor networks, Testing and debugging

André Rodrigues; Tiago Camilo; Jorge Sá Silva; Fernando Boavida

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Achieving distributed user access control in sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

User access control in sensor networks defines a process of granting user an access right to the stored information. It is essential for future real sensor network deployment in which sensors may provide users with different services in terms of data ... Keywords: Elliptic Curve Cryptography, Public key cryptography, Sensor networks, User access control

Haodong Wang; Qun Li

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Secure and energy-efficient data aggregation for wireless sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Wireless sensor networks are now in widespread use to monitor regions, detect events and acquire information. Since the deployed nodes are separated, they need to cooperatively communicate sensed data to the base station. To maximise WSN lifetime, it ...

Sofiene Ben Othman; Abdelbasset Trad; Hani Alzaid; Habib Youssef

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Energy-efficient geographic routing in environmentally powered wireless sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Current and potential applications of wireless sensor networks (WSNs) include military sensing, physical security, traffic surveillance, and environment monitoring, etc. Due to the fact that WSNs are composed of a large number of low-cost but energy ...

Kai Zeng; Wenjing Lou; Kui Ren; Patrick J. Moran

2006-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

In-situ prediction on sensor networks using distributed multiple linear regression models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Within sensor networks for environmental monitoring, a class of problems exists that requires in-situ control and modeling. In this thesis, we provide a solution to these problems, enabling model-driven computation where ...

Basha, Elizabeth (Elizabeth Ann)

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Wireless SensorWireless Sensor NetworkNetwork  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

consumption related to ICT varying from 2% to 10% of the worldwide power consumption [5]. It is worth consumption in network by 2015 [10]. In the current telecommunications networks, the vast majority, modems, line cards, etc.), a direct estimation of network equipment power consumption is notoriously

Kabara, Joseph

234

Power-Rate-Distortion Analysis Of Wireless Visual Sensor Network.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The emergence of low-cost and mature technologies in wireless communication, visual sensor devices, and digtial signal processing, facilitates the potential of wirelss sensor networks (WSN).… (more)

Shaw, William

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

VMSTAR: synthesizing scalable runtime environments for sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Sensor networks are being deployed at massive scales, containing a range of platforms. Programming paradigms for sensor networks should meet the attendant challenges of scale and heterogeneity. Researchers have considered virtual machines as a means ... Keywords: network reprogramming, operating systems, programming languages, software synthesis, virtual machines, wireless sensor networks

Joel Koshy; Raju Pandey

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

A New Commissioning and Deployment Method for Wireless Sensor Networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Sensor networks are deployed on various environments in order to collect sensing information in many cases. It is not easy to optimize program codes of all nodes due to the environmental variety of deployment of sensor networks. Therefore, commissioning ... Keywords: sensor network, commissioning, ZigBee, network deployment

Bong Wan Kim; Seong-Soon Joo

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

Sensor network localisation based on sorted RSSI quantisation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Range estimation is essential in many sensor network localisation algorithms. Although wireless sensor systems usually have available received signal strength indication (RSSI) readings, this information has not been effectively used in the existing ... Keywords: RSS, ad hoc computing, ad hoc networks, distance, localisation, quantisation, range estimation, received signal strength indication, sensor networks, simulation, wireless networks

Xiaoli Li; Hongchi Shi; Yi Shang

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Energy-efficient multi-hop medical sensor networking  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Wireless sensor networks represent a key technology enabler for enhanced health care and assisted living systems. Recent standardization eorts to ensure compatibility among sensor network systems sold by dierent vendors have produced the IEEE 802.15.4 ... Keywords: 802.15.4, MAC, ZigBee, efficiency, efficient, energy, experiment, medical, networking, networks, routing, scheduling, sensor, system, systems, wireless

A. G. Ruzzelli; R. Jurdak; G. M.P O'Hare; P. Van Der Stok

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Optimized relay node placement for connecting disjoint wireless sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Wireless sensor networks (WSNs) often operate in a harsh environment such as battlefield and may suffer simultaneous failure of multiple sensors that cause the network to become partitioned into disjoint segments. In order to prevent the application ... Keywords: Connectivity restoration, Network partitioning, Relay node placement, Wireless sensor networks

Sookyoung Lee; Mohamed Younis

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

A virtual infrastructure for large-scale wireless sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The primary goal of a wireless sensor network is to collect useful information from the network. Most wireless sensor networks are assumed that the number of nodes are very large and they should operate with confined resources. Consequently it is important ... Keywords: Data collection, Railroad, Topology, Wireless sensor networks

Jeong-Hun Shin; Daeyeon Park

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "monitoring sensor network" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Monitoring of the electrical distribution network operation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Distribution network operation is determined by the behaviour of the load. To plan and analyse the electrical network operation, precise modelling of load is substantial. The adequate approach to understand the electrical distribution network operation ... Keywords: SCADA, busloads, distribution network, load monitoring, mathematical model of load, network operation monitoring, state estimation

Jako Kilter; Mati Meldorf

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Solar-Aware clustering in wireless sensor networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy conservation plays a crucial in wireless sensor networks since such networks are designed to be placed in hostile and non-accessible areas. While battery-driven sensors will run out of battery sooner or later, the use of renewable energy sources such as solar power or gravitation may extend the lifetime of a sensor network. We propose to utilize solar power in wireless sensor networks and extend LEACH a well-known cluster-based protocol for sensor networks to become solar-aware. The presented simulation results show that making LEACH solar-aware significantly extends the lifetime of sensor networks. 1

Thiemo Voigt; Hartmut Ritter

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

Radiation detection and situation management by distributed sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Detection of radioactive materials in an urban environment usually requires large, portal-monitor-style radiation detectors. However, this may not be a practical solution in many transport scenarios. Alternatively, a distributed sensor network (DSN) could complement portal-style detection of radiological materials through the implementation of arrays of low cost, small heterogeneous sensors with the ability to detect the presence of radioactive materials in a moving vehicle over a specific region. In this paper, we report on the use of a heterogeneous, wireless, distributed sensor network for traffic monitoring in a field demonstration. Through wireless communications, the energy spectra from different radiation detectors are combined to improve the detection confidence. In addition, the DSN exploits other sensor technologies and algorithms to provide additional information about the vehicle, such as its speed, location, class (e.g. car, truck), and license plate number. The sensors are in-situ and data is processed in real-time at each node. Relevant information from each node is sent to a base station computer which is used to assess the movement of radioactive materials.

Jan, Frigo [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Mielke, Angela [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Cai, D Michael [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Radionuclide Sensors for Subsurface Water Monitoring  

SciTech Connect

Contamination of the subsurface by radionuclides is a persistent and vexing problem for the Department of Energy. These radionuclides must be measured in field studies and monitoed in the long term when they cannot be removed. However, no radionuclide sensors existed for groundwater monitoring prior to this team's research under the EMSP program Detection of a and b decays from radionuclides in water is difficult due to their short ranges in condensed media.

Timothy DeVol

2006-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

245

Electrochemical NOx Sensor for Monitoring Diesel Emissions  

SciTech Connect

Increasingly stringent emissions regulations will require the development of advanced gas sensors for a variety of applications. For example, compact, inexpensive sensors are needed for detection of regulated pollutants, including hydrocarbons (HCs), CO, and NO{sub x}, in automotive exhaust. Of particular importance will be a sensor for NO{sub x} to ensure the proper operation of the catalyst system in the next generation of diesel (CIDI) automobiles. Because many emerging applications, particularly monitoring of automotive exhaust, involve operation in harsh, high-temperature environments, robust ceramic-oxide-based electrochemical sensors are a promising technology. Sensors using yttria-stabilized zirconia (YSZ) as an oxygen-ion-conducting electrolyte have been widely reported for both amperometric and potentiometric modes of operation. These include the well-known exhaust gas oxygen (EGO) sensor. More recently, ac impedance-based (i.e., impedance-metric) sensing techniques using YSZ have been reported for sensing water vapor, hydrocarbons, CO, and NO{sub x}. Typically small-amplitude alternating signal is applied, and the sensor response is measured at a specified frequency. Most impedance-metric techniques have used the modulus (or magnitude) at low frequencies (< 1 Hz) as the sensing signal and attribute the measured response to interfacial phenomena. Work by our group has also investigated using phase angle as the sensing signal at somewhat higher frequencies (10 Hz). The higher frequency measurements would potentially allow for reduced sampling times during sensor operation. Another potential advantage of impedance-metric NO{sub x} sensing is the similarity in response to NO and NO{sub 2} (i.e., total-NO{sub x} sensing). Potentiometric NO{sub x} sensors typically show higher sensitivity to NO2 than NO, and responses that are opposite in sign. However, NO is more stable than NO{sub 2} at temperatures > 600 C, and thermodynamic calculations predict {approx}90% NO, balance NO{sub 2}. Since automotive exhaust sensors will probably be required to operate at temperatures > 600 C, NO is the dominant component in thermodynamic equilibrium and the target NOx species. Also, the use of upstream catalysts could further promote the conversion of NO{sub x} species to NO. Therefore, the focus of current work is to investigate the response to NO. Nevertheless, minimizing the sensitivity to a variety of competing species is important in order to obtain the accuracy necessary for achieving the emission limits. Mitigating the effect of interfering gases (e.g., O{sub 2}, water vapor, HCs, etc.) is an area of current study. For impedance metric NO{sub x} sensors, our previous work has demonstrated that the cross-sensitivity to O{sub 2} may be accounted for by comparing measurements at multiple frequencies. Other strategies for compensation are also being explored, including calibration using data from existing sensors located nearby. Our current work has made significant advances in terms of developing prototype sensors more suitable for commercialization. Also, dynamometer testing has provided real-world sensor performance data that will be useful in approaching potential suppliers to whom we can transfer the technology for commercialization. The advances are a direct result of understanding the sensing mechanisms responsible for impedance-based NO{sub x} sensing and the effect of materials choice and sensor design/geometry.

Woo, L Y; Glass, R S

2008-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

246

A Delaunay Triangulation Based Method for Wireless Sensor Network Deployment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To obtain a satisfied performance of wireless sensor network, an adaptable sensor deployment method for various applications is essential. In this paper, we propose a centralized sensor deployment method, DT-Score, aims to maximize the coverage of a ...

Chun-Hsien Wu; Kuo-Chuan Lee; Yeh-Ching Chung

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Small-world effects in wireless agent sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We describe a model for analysing the coverage graph from physical placement of mobile agents or sensor devices to improve coverage, fault tolerance and network lifetime. The planar graph for the devices is augmented by small-world network 'short-cuts'; ... Keywords: WSNs, clustering algorithms, connectivity graphs, fault tolerance, mobile agents, mobile sensors, modelling, network coverage, network lifetime, optimal coverage, percolation, scaling, small-world networks, wireless agents, wireless sensor networks

K. A. Hawick; H. A. James

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

Implementation Guideline for Wireless Networks and Wireless Equipment Condition Monitoring  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The use of wireless technology in industrial settings has undergone significant development. The benefits for its use in the nuclear power industry have motivated several member utilities to undertake significant implementation efforts. This report includes guidance for the implementation of a wireless network within a nuclear power plant, with a secondary emphasis on the use of wireless sensors for asset condition monitoring.

2009-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

249

Utilizing Renewable Energy in Cluster-based Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy conservation plays a crucial in wireless sensor networks since such networks are designed to be placed in hostile and non-accessible areas. While battery-driven sensors will run out of battery sooner or later, the use of renewable energy sources such as solar power or gravitation may extend the lifetime of a sensor. We propose to utilize solar power in wireless sensor networks and extend LEACH a well-known cluster-based protocol for sensor networks to become solar-aware. The presented simulation results show that making LEACH solar-aware significantly extends the lifetime of sensor networks.

Thiemo Voigt; Hartmut Ritter; Jochen Schiller

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

On building a lightweight security architecture for sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Sensor networks are characterized by their large-scale and unattended deployment that invites numerous critical attacks, thereby necessitating high-level security support for their intended applications and services. However, making sensor networks secure ...

Taejoon Park; Kang G. Shin

2006-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Joint energy management and resource allocation in rechargeable sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Energy harvesting sensor platforms have opened up a new dimension to the design of network protocols. In order to sustain the network operation, the energy consumption rate cannot be higher than the energy harvesting rate, otherwise, sensor nodes will ...

Ren-Shiou Liu; Prasun Sinha; Can Emre Koksal

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Energy-efficient connected-coverage in wireless sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper addresses the target coverage problem inWireless Sensor Networks (WSNs). Communication and sensing consume energy, therefore, efficient power management can extend network lifetime. In this paper, we consider a large number of sensors ...

Ionut Cardei; Mihaela Cardei

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Underwater Acoustic Sensor Network with Energy Harvesting Nodes.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis explores the possibility of a self sustained and service free Underwater Acoustic Sensor Network (UASN). The network nodes are installed along a subsea… (more)

Huseby, Morten

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

Improved Network Consistency and Connectivity in Mobile and Sensor Systems.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Edge networks such as sensor, mobile, and disruption tolerant networks suffer from topological uncertainty and disconnections due to myriad of factors including limited battery capacity… (more)

Banerjee, Nilanjan

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Scheduling for in-network sensor query processing.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??xi, 135 leaves : ill. ; 30 cm HKUST Call Number: Thesis CSED 2008 Wu In-network query processing for sensor networks is a cross-layer paradigm,… (more)

Wu, Hejun

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Optimized query routing trees for wireless sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In order to process continuous queries over Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs), sensors are typically organized in a Query Routing Tree (denoted as T) that provides each sensor with a path over which query results can be transmitted to the querying node. ... Keywords: Critical path method, Query routing trees, Sensor networks

Panayiotis Andreou; Demetrios Zeinalipour-Yazti; Andreas Pamboris; Panos K. Chrysanthis; George Samaras

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Three-Dimenisional Routing in Underwater Acoustic Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Underwater sensor networks will find applications in oceanographic data collection, pollution monitoring, offshore exploration, disaster prevention, assisted navigation, and tactical surveillance applications. In this paper, the problem of data gathering in a 3D underwater acoustic sensor network is investigated at the network layer, by considering the interactions between the routing functions and the characteristics of the underwater channel. Two routing algorithms are proposed for delay-insensitive and delay-sensitive sensor network applications, respectively. The proposed distributed algorithm for delay-insensitive applications allows each node to select its next hop, with the objective of minimizing the energy consumption taking into account the varying condition of the underwater channel. A centralized algorithm for delay-sensitive routing in an underwater environment is proposed. The solution relies on topology information gathered by a surface station, which optimally configures the network paths. The proposed algorithms are shown to achieve the performance targets of the underwater environment by means of simulation. Categories and Subject Descriptors:

Dario Pompili; Tommaso Melodia

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

A survey on clustering algorithms for wireless sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The past few years have witnessed increased interest in the potential use of wireless sensor networks (WSNs) in applications such as disaster management, combat field reconnaissance, border protection and security surveillance. Sensors in these applications ... Keywords: Clustering algorithms, Energy aware design, Network architecture, Scalability, Wireless sensor networks

Ameer Ahmed Abbasi; Mohamed Younis

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Hybrid trust and reputation management for sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Wireless sensor networks are characterised by the distributed nature of their operation and the resource constraints on the nodes. Trust management schemes that are targeted at sensor networks need to be lightweight in terms of computational and communication ... Keywords: Reputation management, Sensor networks, Trust establishment

Efthimia Aivaloglou; Stefanos Gritzalis

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

UWB-based sensor networks for localization in mining environments  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Wireless sensor networks (WSN) have attached a great attention in the last few years. WSN offer several advantages over the traditional sensor networks, such as elimination of costly wires, security and larger area coverage. In the last few years, there ... Keywords: Localization, Nonlinear optimization, Sensor networks, ToA estimation, UWB ranging, Underground environments

Abdellah Chehri; Paul Fortier; Pierre Martin Tardif

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "monitoring sensor network" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Analyzing localization errors in one-dimensional sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

One-dimensional sensor networks can be found in many fields and demand node location information for various applications. Developing localization algorithms in one-dimensional sensor networks is trivial, due to the fact that existing localization algorithms ... Keywords: Cramér-Rao lower bound, Error propagation, Estimation errors, Localization, One-dimensional sensor networks

Baoqi Huang; Changbin Yu; Brian D. O. Anderson

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Coordination in wireless sensor-actuator networks: A survey  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Wireless Sensor-Actuator Networks (WSANs) have a myriad of applications, ranging from pacifying bulls to controlling light intensity in homes automatically. An important aspect of WSANs is coordination. Unlike conventional Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs), ... Keywords: Actuators, Coordination, Energy efficiency, Wireless sensor and actuator networks

Hamidreza Salarian; Kwan-Wu Chin; Fazel Naghdy

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Task-oriented Distributed Information Fusion in Wireless Sensor Networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A wireless sensor network may form a part of the base for cloud computing through Internet. We present a framework of task-oriented distributed data fusion, and investigate the assignments of heterogeneous sensors on nodes in the network for a specified ... Keywords: Distributed Decision Making, Linguistic Decision Trees, Network Hierarchy, Optimal sensor assignments

Hongmei He; Zhenhuan Zhu; Erkki Makinen

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Intelligent light control using sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Increasing user comfort and reducing operation costs have always been two primary objectives of building operations and control strategies. Current building control strategies are unable to incorporate occupant level comfort and meet the operation goals ... Keywords: active sensing, intelligent buildings, light control, sensor networks

Vipul Singhvi; Andreas Krause; Carlos Guestrin; James H. Garrett, Jr.; H. Scott Matthews

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Jumping ant routing algorithm for sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Enterprises that may rely on critical equipments which are constantly moving around, for example, hospitals - need to ensure they can know the current location of vital but mobile assets. Besides, the sensor node on each device should inform us whether ... Keywords: ARAMA (Ant Routing Algorithm for Mobile Ad-hoc Networks), Ad-hoc, JARA (Jumping Ant Routing Algorithm), MANET

Wei-Ming Chen; Chung-Sheng Li; Fu-Yu Chiang; Han-Chieh Chao

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Supporting Advanced Communications Networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... it will rely on revolutionary advances in network architecture. ... telemedicine), sensor and control networks (eg, Smart Grid, environmental monitoring ...

2012-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

267

A flexible building management framework based on wireless sensor and actuator networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Future buildings will be constantly monitored and managed through intelligent systems that allow having information about the building health, keeping a good comfort level for the building inhabitants and optimizing the energy spent. Despite many WSN ... Keywords: Building management systems, Domain-specific framework, Sensor programming, Wireless sensor and actuator networks

G. Fortino; A. Guerrieri; G. M. P. O'Hare; A. Ruzzelli

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Market-based resource allocation for distributed data processing in wireless sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In recent years, improved wireless technologies have enabled the low-cost deployment of large numbers of sensors for a wide range of monitoring applications. Because of the computational resources (processing capability, storage capacity, etc.) collocated ... Keywords: Wireless sensor networks, distributed algorithms, optimization, pricing

Andrew T. Zimmerman; Jerome P. Lynch; Frank T. Ferrese

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Host Event Based Network Monitoring  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of INL’s research on this project is to demonstrate the feasibility of a host event based network monitoring tool and the effects on host performance. Current host based network monitoring tools work on polling which can miss activity if it occurs between polls. Instead of polling, a tool could be developed that makes use of event APIs in the operating system to receive asynchronous notifications of network activity. Analysis and logging of these events will allow the tool to construct the complete real-time and historical network configuration of the host while the tool is running. This research focused on three major operating systems commonly used by SCADA systems: Linux, WindowsXP, and Windows7. Windows 7 offers two paths that have minimal impact on the system and should be seriously considered. First is the new Windows Event Logging API, and, second, Windows 7 offers the ALE API within WFP. Any future work should focus on these methods.

Jonathan Chugg

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Localized Pipeline Encroachment Detector System Using Sensor Network  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Detection of encroachment on pipeline right-of-way is important for pipeline safety. An effective system can provide on-time warning while reducing the probability of false alarms. There are a number of industry and academic developments to tackle this problem. This thesis is the first to study the use of a wireless sensor network for pipeline right-of-way encroachment detection. In the proposed method, each sensor node in the network is responsible for detecting and transmitting vibration signals caused by encroachment activities to a base station (computer center). The base station monitors and analyzes the signals. If an encroachment activity is detected, the base station will send a warning signal. We describe such a platform with hardware configuration and software controls, and the results demonstrate that the platform is able to report our preliminary experiments in detecting digging activities by a tiller in the natural and automotive noise.

Ou, Xiaoxi 1986-

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

A lightweight approach to mobile multicasting in Wireless Sensor Networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN) are envisioned to have significant impacts on many applications. In scenarios such as first responder systems and administrative applications, data sinks are frequently being mobile. In this research, we study one-to-many ... Keywords: WSN, ad hoc computing, ad hoc networks, mobile multicasting, pervasive computing, sensor networks, simulation, target tracking, ubiquitous computing, wireless networks

Qing Ye; Liang Cheng

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

A Uniform Balancing Energy Routing Protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In wireless sensor network, the power supply is, generally, a non-renewable battery. Consequently, energy effectiveness is a crucial factor. To maximize the battery life and therefore, the duration of network service, a robust wireless communication ... Keywords: Ad-hoc networks, Energy balancing, Energy efficiency, Sensor networks, Wireless communications

Ouadoudi Zytoune; Mohamed El Aroussi; Driss Aboutajdine

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Review: From wireless sensor networks towards cyber physical systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the past two decades, a lot of research activities have been dedicated to the fields of mobile ad hoc network (MANET) and wireless sensor networks (WSN). More recently, the cyber physical system (CPS) has emerged as a promising direction to enrich ... Keywords: Cyber physical system, Internet technology, Mobile ad hoc network, Pervasive computing, Sensing and actuation, Wireless sensor network

Fang-Jing Wu; Yu-Fen Kao; Yu-Chee Tseng

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Multi Sensor Data Fusion for Aluminium Cell Health Monitoring and ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Multi Sensor Data Fusion for Aluminium Cell Health Monitoring and Control. Author(s), Håkon Viumdal, Ru Yan, Morten Liane, Bjørn Petter ...

275

WIRELESS MICROWAVE ACOUSTIC SENSOR SYSTEM FOR CONDITION MONITORING...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

WIRELESS MICROWAVE ACOUSTIC SENSOR SYSTEM FOR CONDITION MONITORING IN POWER PLANT ENVIRONMENTS Project DE-FE0007379TDD NETL, Morgantown, WV, March 14, 2012. DOE NETL Program:...

276

Advanced optical sensor for monitoring and control of multiple...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Advanced optical sensor for monitoring and control of multiple gas and turbine-blade properties University of Wisconsin - Madison Department of Mechanical Engineering Principal...

277

Tunable Diode Laser Sensors to Monitor Temperature and Gas Composition...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Diode Laser Sensors to Monitor Temperature and Gas Composition for High Temperature Coal Gasification Systems Description Sensing and measuring temperature and gas compositions in...

278

Sensor Technology for Real Time Monitoring of Molten Salt ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Sensor Technology for Real Time Monitoring of Molten Salt Electrolytes During Nuclear Fuel Electrorefining. Author(s), Michael F. Simpson, ...

279

Silent Positioning in Underwater Acoustic Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper, we present a silent positioning scheme termed as UPS for underwater acoustic sensor networks. UPS relies on the time-difference of arrivals measured locally at a sensor to detect range differences from the sensor to four anchor nodes. These range differences are averaged over multiple beacon intervals before they are combined to estimate the 3D sensor location through trilateration. UPS requires no time-synchronization and provides location privacy at underwater vehicles/sensors whose locations need to be determined. To study the performance of UPS, we model the underwater acoustic channel as a modified Ultra Wide Band (UWB) S-V model: the arrival of each path cluster and paths within each cluster follow double Poisson distributions, and the multipath channel gain follows a Rician distribution. Based on this channel model, we perform both theoretical analysis and simulation study on the position error of UPS under acoustic fading channels. The obtained results indicate that UPS is an effective scheme for underwater vehicle/sensor self-positioning.

Xiuzhen Cheng; Haining Shu; Qilian Liang; David Hung-chang Du

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Power management in energy harvesting sensor networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Power management is an important concern in sensor networks, because a tethered energy infrastructure is not available and an obvious concern is to use the available battery energy efficiently. However, in some of the sensor networking applications, an additional facility is available to ameliorate the energy problem: harvesting energy from the environment. Certain considerations in using an energy harvesting source are fundamentally different from that in using a battery because, rather than a limit on the maximum energy, it has a limit on the maximum rate at which the energy can be used. Further, the harvested energy availability typically varies with time in a nondeterministic manner. While a deterministic metric such as residual battery suffices to characterize the energy availability in the case of batteries, a more sophisticated characterization may be required for a harvesting source. Another issue that becomes important in networked systems with multiple harvesting nodes is that different nodes may have different harvesting opportunity. In a distributed application, the same end-user performance may be achieved using different workload allocations, and resultant energy consumptions, at multiple nodes. In this case it is important to align the workload allocation with the energy availability at the harvesting nodes. We consider the above issues in power management for energy harvesting sensor networks. We develop abstractions to characterize the complex time varying nature of such sources with analytically tractable models and use them to address key design issues. We also develop distributed methods to efficiently use harvested energy and test these both in simulation and experimentally on an energy harvesting sensor network, prototyped for this work.

Aman Kansal; Jason Hsu; Sadaf Zahedi; Mani B Srivastava

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "monitoring sensor network" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Techniques for mitigating congestion in wireless sensor networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Network congestion occurs when offered traffic load exceeds available capacity at any point in a network. In wireless sensor networks, congestion causes overall channel quality to degrade and loss rates to rise, leads to ...

Hull, Bret Warren, 1980-

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

Interference-Aware Fair Rate Control in Wireless Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In a wireless sensor network of N nodes transmitting data to a single base station, possibly over multiple hops, what distributed mechanisms should be implemented in order to dynamically allocate fair and efficient transmission rates to each node? Our interference-aware fair rate control (IFRC) detects incipient congestion at a node by monitoring the average queue length, communicates congestion state to exactly the set of potential interferers using a novel low-overhead congestion sharing mechanism, and converges to a fair and efficient rate using an AIMD control law. We evaluate IFRC extensively on a 40-node wireless sensor network testbed. IFRC achieves a fair and efficient rate allocation that is within 20- 40% of the optimal fair rate allocation on some network topologies. Its rate adaptation mechanism is highly effective: we did not observe a single instance of queue overflow in our many experiments. Finally, IFRC can be extended easily to support situations where only a subset of the nodes transmit, where the network has multiple base stations, or where nodes are assigned different transmission weights.In a wireless sensor network of N nodes transmitting data to a single base station, possibly over multiple hops, what distributed mechanisms should be implemented in order to dynamically allocate fair and efficient transmission rates to each node? Our interference-aware fair rate control (IFRC) detects incipient congestion at a node by monitoring the average queue length, communicates congestion state to exactly the set of potential interferers using a novel low-overhead congestion sharing mechanism, and converges to a fair and efficient rate using an AIMD control law. We evaluate IFRC extensively on a 40-node wireless sensor network testbed. IFRC achieves a fair and efficient rate allocation that is within 20- 40% of the optimal fair rate allocation on some network topologies. Its rate adaptation mechanism is highly effective: we did not observe a single instance of queue overflow in our many experiments. Finally, IFRC can be extended easily to support situations where only a subset of the nodes transmit, where the network has multiple base stations, or where nodes are assigned different transmission weights.

Sumit Rangwala; Ramakrishna Gummadi; Ramesh Govindan; Konstantinos Psounis

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Robust Clock Synchronization Methods for Wireless Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wireless sensor networks (WSNs) have received huge attention during the recent years due to their applications in a large number of areas such as environmental monitoring, health and traffic monitoring, surveillance and tracking, and monitoring and control of factories and home appliances. Also, the rapid developments in the micro electro-mechanical systems (MEMS) technology and circuit design lead to a faster spread and adoption of WSNs. Wireless sensor networks consist of a number of nodes featured in general with energy-limited sensors capable of collecting, processing and transmitting information across short distances. Clock synchronization plays an important role in designing, implementing, and operating wireless sensor networks, and it is essential in ensuring a meaningful information processing order for the data collected by the nodes. Because the timing message exchanges between different nodes are affected by unknown possibly time-varying network delay distributions, the estimation of clock offset parameters represents a challenge. This dissertation presents several robust estimation approaches of the clock offset parameters necessary for time synchronization of WSNs via the two-way message exchange mechanism. In this dissertation the main emphasis will be put on building clock phase offset estimators robust with respect to the unknown network delay distributions. Under the assumption that the delay characteristics of the uplink and the downlink are asymmetric, the clock offset estimation method using the bootstrap bias correction approach is derived. Also, the clock offset estimator using the robust Mestimation technique is presented assuming that one underlying delay distribution is mixed with another delay distribution. Next, although computationally complex, several novel, efficient, and robust estimators of clock offset based on the particle filtering technique are proposed to cope with the Gaussian or non-Gaussian delay characteristics of the underlying networks. One is the Gaussian mixture Kalman particle filter (GMKPF) method. Another is the composite particle filter (CPF) approach viewed as a composition between the Gaussian sum particle filter and the KF. Additionally, the CPF using bootstrap sampling is also presented. Finally, the iterative Gaussian mixture Kalman particle filter (IGMKPF) scheme, combining the GMKPF with a procedure for noise density estimation via an iterative mechanism, is proposed.

Lee, Jae Han

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Research on Monitoring System of Circuit Breakers Based on Neural Networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The paper proposed a monitoring system for the circuit breakers in the substation based on the Back Propagation Neural Networks(BPNN). The novel temperature and humidity sensor was used in the system to get temperature and humidity value in the breakers. ... Keywords: Circuit Breakers, Monitoring System, Neural Networks, Malfunction Diagnosis

Yimin Hou; Tao Liu; Xiangmin Lun; Jianjun Lan; Yang Cui

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Time-bounded essential localization for wireless sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In many practical applications of wireless sensor networks, it is crucial to accomplish the localization of sensors within a given time bound. We find that the traditional definition of relative localization is inappropriate for evaluating its actual ... Keywords: essential localization, relative localization, time-bounded localization, wireless sensor networks

Wei Cheng; Nan Zhang; Xiuzhen Cheng; Min Song; Dechang Chen

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Location privacy and resilience in wireless sensor networks querying  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Due to the wireless nature of communication in sensor networks, the communication patterns between sensors could be leaked regardless of the adoption of encryption mechanisms-those would just protect the message content. However, communication patterns ... Keywords: Location privacy, Probabilistic algorithm, Resiliency, Security, Wireless sensor networks

Roberto Di Pietro; Alexandre Viejo

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Wireless sensor networks: Enabling technology for ambient intelligence  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Wireless sensor networks are one of the most rapidly evolving research and development fields for microelectronics. Their applications are countless, and the market potentials are huge. However, many technical hurdles have to be overcome to achieve a ... Keywords: Bio-sensors, Embedded systems, Energy efficiency, Wireless sensor networks

L. Benini; E. Farella; C. Guiducci

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Information fusion for wireless sensor networks: Methods, models, and classifications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Wireless sensor networks produce a large amount of data that needs to be processed, delivered, and assessed according to the application objectives. The way these data are manipulated by the sensor nodes is a fundamental issue. Information fusion arises ... Keywords: Information fusion, architectures and models, data aggregation, data fusion, wireless sensor networks

Eduardo F. Nakamura; Antonio A. F. Loureiro; Alejandro C. Frery

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Latency of wireless sensor networks with uncoordinated power saving mechanisms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We consider a wireless sensor network, where nodes switch between an active (on) and a sleeping (off) mode, to save energy. The basic assumptions are that the on/off schedules are completely uncoordinated and that the sensors are distributed according ... Keywords: continuum percolation, first passage percolation, sensor networks

Olivier Dousse; Petteri Mannersalo; Patrick Thiran

2004-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Intrusion detection in sensor networks using clustering and immune systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Security of sensor networks is a complicated task, mostly due to the limited resources of sensor units. Encryption and authentication are useless if an attacker has entered the system. Thus, a second line of defense known as Intrusion Detection must ... Keywords: genetic algorithms, immune systems, intrusion detection, self-organizing maps, wireless sensor networks

Zorana Bankovi?; José M. Moya; Álvaro Araujo; Juan-Mariano De Goyeneche

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

SENDROM: sensor networks for disaster relief operations management  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

SENDROM is a new sensor network architecture to manage the rescue operations after large scale disasters. This architecture mainly consists of sensor nodes deployed prior to a disaster and central nodes that can query sensor nodes. Central nodes are ... Keywords: data dissemination, disaster relief operations, sesnor networks, task dissemination

Erdal Cayirci; Tolga Coplu

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Scale-free, self-organizing very large sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we introduce SFSN, an algorithm for self-organization of Very Large Sensor Networks (VLSN). The 10^6 or more tiny and inexpensive sensors of a VLSN are indistinguishable from one another; they do not have either a physical or a logical ... Keywords: Anonymous nodes, Collision resolution algorithm, Event, Multiple access, Self-organization, Sensor networks

Dan C. Marinescu; Chen Yu; Gabriela M. Marinescu

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

An Underwater Sensor Network with Dual Communications, Sensing, and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An Underwater Sensor Network with Dual Communications, Sensing, and Mobility Carrick Detweiller an underwater sensor network with dual communication and sup- port for sensing and mobility. The nodes developed. We describe the hardware details of the underwater sensor node and the communication

Farritor, Shane

294

Underwater Localization in Sparse 3D Acoustic Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Underwater Localization in Sparse 3D Acoustic Sensor Networks Wei Cheng1,2, Amin Y. Teymorian the localization problem in sparse 3D underwater sensor networks. Considering the fact that depth information is typically available for underwater sensors, we transform the 3D underwater positioning problem into its two

Cheng, Xiuzhen "Susan"

295

Energy conservation in wireless sensor networks: A survey  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the last years, wireless sensor networks (WSNs) have gained increasing attention from both the research community and actual users. As sensor nodes are generally battery-powered devices, the critical aspects to face concern how to reduce the energy ... Keywords: Energy efficiency, Power management, Survey, Wireless sensor networks

Giuseppe Anastasi; Marco Conti; Mario Di Francesco; Andrea Passarella

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Mobility limited flip-based sensor networks deployment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An important phase of sensor networks operation is deployment of sensors in the field of interest. Critical goals during sensor networks deployment include coverage, connectivity, load balancing etc. A class of work has recently appeared, where mobility in sensors is leveraged to meet deployment objectives. In this paper, we study deployment of sensor networks using mobile sensors. The distinguishing feature of our work is that the sensors in our model have limited mobilities. More specifically, the mobility in the sensors we consider is restricted to a flip, where the distance of the flip is bounded. We call such sensors as flip-based sensors. Given an initial deployment of flip-based sensors in a field, our problem is to determine a movement plan for the sensors in order to maximize the sensor network coverage, and minimize the number of flips. We propose a minimum-cost maximum-flow based solution to this problem. We prove that our solution optimizes both the coverage and the number of flips. We also study the sensitivity of coverage and the number of flips to flip distance under different initial deployment distributions of sensors. We observe that increased flip distance achieves better coverage, and reduces the number of flips required per unit increase in coverage. However, such improvements are constrained by initial deployment distributions of sensors, due to the limitations on sensor mobility.

Xiaole Bai; Bin Ma; Dong Xuan; Changqing Xu

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Sensors for environmental monitoring and long-term environmental stewardship.  

SciTech Connect

This report surveys the needs associated with environmental monitoring and long-term environmental stewardship. Emerging sensor technologies are reviewed to identify compatible technologies for various environmental monitoring applications. The contaminants that are considered in this report are grouped into the following categories: (1) metals, (2) radioisotopes, (3) volatile organic compounds, and (4) biological contaminants. Regulatory drivers are evaluated for different applications (e.g., drinking water, storm water, pretreatment, and air emissions), and sensor requirements are derived from these regulatory metrics. Sensor capabilities are then summarized according to contaminant type, and the applicability of the different sensors to various environmental monitoring applications is discussed.

Miller, David Russell; Robinson, Alex Lockwood; Ho, Clifford Kuofei; Davis, Mary Jo (Science Applications International Corporation, Albuquerque, NM)

2004-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

An open modular system for monitoring remote sensors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The main goal of this project is to monitor and control remote sensors from one or more desalination plants. These plants can be found and distributed from each other miles away. All critical parameters must be controlled. In a desalination plant, the ... Keywords: EJB3, J2EE, SMS, alarm, eclipse, monitoring, remote control, sensor, struts, video camera

Ignacio Solinis-Camalich; Alexis Quesada-Arencibia; Jose Carlos Rodríguez-Rodríguez; Roberto Moreno-Díaz, Jr.

2007-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

A software framework for integrated sensor network applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Sensor networks have received wide attention in recent years for their revolutionary impact in numerous fields. To harness their full potential, researchers are beginning to build end-to-end solutions that integrate heterogeneous sensor deployments with ...

Raju Pandey; Joel Koshy

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

ESF: an efficient security framework for wireless sensor network  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A wireless sensor network WSN consists of a large number of resource constrained sensor nodes, usually deployed in hostile environments, where they face a variety of malicious attacks. To address the security vulnerabilities in WSN, this paper proposes ...

Somanath Tripathy

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "monitoring sensor network" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Probabilistic data collection protocols for energy harvesting wireless sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Energy harvesting from ambient energy sources including solar and vibration has been studied as a candidate for powering next generation wireless sensor networks. However, energy harvesting is unstable to supply a sensor node with energy, and a node ...

Masaya Yoshida; Tomoya Kitani; Masaki Bandai; Takashi Watanabe; Pai H. Chou; Winston K. G. Seah

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Improving broadcast efficiency in wireless sensor network time synchronization protocols  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this work we proposed an algorithm to allow nodes in a wireless sensor network to interconnect in a way such that time stamp information can be efficiently distributed for network wide synchronization. The algorithm works by first establishing a level ... Keywords: broadcast optimization, sensor networks, time synchronization

Wenxun Huang; Yujuan Quan; Deming Chen

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

Data sampling control, compression and query in sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Nodes in wireless sensor networks have very limited storage capacity, computing ability and battery power. Node failure and communication link disconnection occur frequently, which means weak services of the network layer. Sensed data is inaccurate which ... Keywords: data accuracy, data compression, data sampling, energy efficiency, power limitation, query, sampling frequency control, sensor networks

Jinbao Li; Jianzhong Li

2007-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Delay of intrusion detection in wireless sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we consider sensor networks for intrusion detection, such that node deployment, node failures and node behavior result in coverage gaps and a fraction of disconnected nodes in an otherwise dense and well-connected network. We focus on the ... Keywords: delay, intrusion detection, percolation, sensor networks

Olivier Dousse; Christina Tavoularis; Patrick Thiran

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

BARC: A Battery Aware Reliable Clustering algorithm for sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Clustering in wireless sensor networks (WSNs) provides scalability and robustness for the network; it allows spatial reuse of the bandwidth, simpler routing decisions, and results in decreased energy dissipation of the whole system by minimizing the ... Keywords: Battery awareness, Clustering, Hierarchical, Load balancing, Sensor networks

Mohamed K. Watfa; Omar Mirza; Jad Kawtharani

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Energy Distribution Control in Wireless Sensor Networks Through Range Optimization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy Distribution Control in Wireless Sensor Networks Through Range Optimization M.Sarper Gokturk a location-based routing framework to control the energy distribution in a network where transmission ranges--A major objective in wireless sensor networks is to find optimum routing strategies for energy efficient

Yanikoglu, Berrin

307

Data aggregation in wireless sensor networks using ant colony algorithm  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Data aggregation is important in energy constraint wireless sensor networks which exploits correlated sensing data and aggregates at the intermediate nodes to reduce the number of messages exchanged network. This paper considers the problem of constructing ... Keywords: Ant colony, Data aggregation, Wireless sensor networks

Wen-Hwa Liao; Yucheng Kao; Chien-Ming Fan

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

An efficient synchronisation protocol for wireless sensor network  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Time synchronisation is a critical topic in wireless sensor networks for its wide applications, such as data fusion, TDMA scheduling and cooperated sleeping, etc. In this paper, we present an Accurate Time Synchronisation (ATS) protocol based on ... Keywords: WSNs, drift, linear least squares, offset, time synchronisation, wireless networks, wireless sensor networks

Liusheng Huang; Hongli Xu; Yingyu Wan; Junmin Wu; Hong Li

2007-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Mote-based Underwater Sensor Networks: Opportunities, Challenges, and Guidelines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mote-based Underwater Sensor Networks: Opportunities, Challenges, and Guidelines Raja Jurdak (lopes@uci.edu) University of California, Irvine CA 92697 USA Abstract. Most underwater networks rely deployments of underwater sensor networks and has forced researchers to use simulations to investigate

Lopes, Cristina Videira

310

Map: medial axis based geometric routing in sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

One of the challenging tasks in the deployment of dense wireless networks (like sensor networks) is in devising a routing scheme for node to node communication. Important consideration includes scalability, routing complexity, quality of communication ... Keywords: medial axis, routing, sensor networks, system design

Jehoshua Bruck; Jie Gao; Anxiao Jiang

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Radio link quality estimation in wireless sensor networks: A survey  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Radio link quality estimation in Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) has a fundamental impact on the network performance and also affects the design of higher-layer protocols. Therefore, for about a decade, it has been attracting a vast array of research ... Keywords: Link quality estimation, link characteristics, low-power links, wireless sensor networks

Nouha Baccour; Anis Koubâa; Luca Mottola; Marco Antonio Zúñiga; Habib Youssef; Carlo Alberto Boano; Mário Alves

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Adaptive design optimization of wireless sensor networks using genetic algorithms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a multi-objective optimization methodology for self-organizing, adaptive wireless sensor network design and energy management, taking into consideration application-specific requirements, communication constraints and energy-conservation characteristics. ... Keywords: Adaptive network design, Energy conservation, Genetic algorithms, Optimal design, Wireless sensor networks

Konstantinos P. Ferentinos; Theodore A. Tsiligiridis

2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Fast track article: Reliable networks with unreliable sensors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Wireless sensor networks (WSNs) deployed in hostile environments suffer from a high rate of node failure. We investigate the effect of such failure rate on network connectivity. We provide a formal analysis that establishes the relationship between node ... Keywords: Connectivity, Fault tolerance, Sensor network

Srikanth Sastry; Tsvetomira Radeva; Jianer Chen; Jennifer L. Welch

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Energy efficient prediction clustering algorithm for multilevel heterogeneous wireless sensor networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In designing wireless sensor networks, it is important to reduce energy dissipation and prolong network lifetime. In this paper, a new model with energy and monitored objects heterogeneity is proposed for heterogeneous wireless sensor networks. We put forward an energy-efficient prediction clustering algorithm, which is adaptive to the heterogeneous model. This algorithm enables the nodes to select the cluster head according to factors such as energy and communication cost, thus the nodes with higher residual energy have higher probability to become a cluster head than those with lower residual energy, so that the network energy can be dissipated uniformly. In order to reduce energy consumption when broadcasting in clustering phase and prolong network lifetime, an energy consumption prediction model is established for regular data acquisition nodes. Simulation results show that compared with current clustering algorithms, this algorithm can achieve longer sensor network lifetime, higher energy efficiency and ...

Liu, Tang; Yang, Jin; Wang, Chunli

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Integrated topology control and routing in wireless sensor networks for prolonged network lifetime  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study considers an integrated topology control and routing problem in wireless sensor networks (WSNs), which are employed to gather data via use of sensors with limited energy resources. We employ a hierarchical topology and routing structure with ... Keywords: Algorithms, Data gathering, Network design models, Wireless sensor networks

Halit íster; Hui Lin

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

Routing Algorithms for Delay-insensitive and Delay-sensitive Applications in Underwater Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Underwater sensor networks consist of sensors and vehicles deployed to perform collaborative monitoring tasks over a given region. Underwater sensor networks will find applications in oceanographic data collection, pollution monitoring, offshore exploration, disaster prevention, assisted navigation, tactical surveillance, and mine reconnaissance. Underwater acoustic networking is the enabling technology for these applications. In this paper, an architecture for three-dimensional underwater sensor networks is considered, and a model characterizing the acoustic channel utilization efficiency is introduced, which allows investigating some fundamental characteristics of the underwater environment. In particular, the model allows setting the optimal packet size for underwater communications given monitored volume, density of the sensor network, and application requirements. Moreover, the problem of data gathering is investigated at the network layer by considering the cross-layer interactions between the routing functions and the characteristics of the underwater acoustic channel. Two distributed routing algorithms are introduced for delay-insensitive and delaysensitive applications. The proposed solutions allow each node to select its next hop, with the objective of minimizing the energy consumption taking the varying condition of the underwater channel and the different application requirements into account. The proposed routing solutions are shown to achieve the performance targets by means of simulation.

Dario Pompili; Tommaso Melodia; Ian F. Akyildiz

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Dynamic priority scheduling-based MAC for wireless sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, one of the most important issues supporting real-time QoS in wireless sensor networks is discussed, which is fundamentally a challenging problem. A novel MAC protocol based on dynamic priority scheduling is proposed for wireless sensor ... Keywords: MAC, Motes MICA 2, QoS, WSNs, dynamic priority scheduling, medium access control, quality of service, wireless networks, wireless sensor networks

Jiming Chen; Youxian Sun

2007-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Biometric methods for secure communications in body sensor networks: resource-efficient key management and signal-level data scrambling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As electronic communications become more prevalent, mobile and universal, the threats of data compromises also accordingly loom larger. In the context of a body sensor network (BSN), which permits pervasive monitoring of potentially sensitive medical ...

Francis Minhthang Bui; Dimitrios Hatzinakos

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

Bootstrapping a hop-optimal network in the weak sensor model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Sensor nodes are very weak computers that get distributed at random on a surface. Once deployed, they must wake up and form a radio network. Sensor network bootstrapping research thus has three parts: One must model the restrictions on sensor nodes; ... Keywords: Ad hoc network, contention resolution, maximal independent set, radio network, random geometric graphs, sensor network, weak sensor model

Martin Farach-Colton; Rohan J. Fernandes; Miguel A. Mosteiro

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Enabling Long-Lived Sensor Networks Through Solar Energy Harvesting  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Networks through Solar Energy Harvesting Jason Hsu, SadafPer formance Energy Harvesting Technologies System life andProblem Description: Energy harvesting enabled sensor nodes

Jason Hsu; Sadaf Zahedi; Jonathan Friedman; Aman Kansal; Vijay Raghunathan; Mani Srivastava

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "monitoring sensor network" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Enabling Long-Lived Sensor Networks Through Solar Energy Harvesting  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sensor Networks through Solar Energy Harvesting Jason Hsu,Heliomote A integrated solar energy harvesting and storageYellow bar represent solar energy received locally Solar

Jason Hsu; Sadaf Zahedi; Jonathan Friedman; Aman Kansal; Vijay Raghunathan; Mani Srivastava

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

Distributed energy-efficient hierarchical clustering for wireless sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Since nodes in a sensor network have limited energy, prolonging the network lifetime and improving scalability become important. In this paper, we propose a distributed weight-based energy-efficient hierarchical clustering protocol (DWEHC). Each node ...

Ping Ding; JoAnne Holliday; Aslihan Celik

2005-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Constructing battery-aware virtual backbones in wireless sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A critical issue in battery-powered sensor networks is to construct energy efficient virtual backbones for network routing. Recent study in battery technology reveals that batteries tend to discharge more power than needed and reimburse the overdischarged ...

Chi Ma; Yuanyuan Yang; Zhenghao Zhang

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Broadcasting and transmission coordination for ad hoc and sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This thesis studies the performance benefit of coordination in wireless sensor networks (WSNs) and ad hoc networks (AHNs). WSNs are often comprised of a large number of inexpensive nodes with short battery life and limited communication and processing ...

Ananth V. Kini / Steven P. Weber

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

A taxonomy of wireless micro-sensor network models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In future smart environments, wireless sensor networks will play a key role in sensing, collecting, and disseminating information about environmental phenomena. Sensing applications represent a new paradigm for network operation, one that has different ...

Sameer Tilak; Nael B. Abu-Ghazaleh; Wendi Heinzelman

2002-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Dynamic mobile agent migration in Wireless Sensor Networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Computing paradigm plays an important and fundamental role in collaborative processing in Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN). The client/server based paradigm and the mobile agent based paradigm are two popular computing models used to facilitate ... Keywords: WSN, ad hoc computing, ad hoc networks, agent-based systems, client-server computing, collaborative processing, computing paradigms, mobile agent computing, mobile agent itinerary, mobile agents, multi-agent systems, pervasive computing, sensor networks, simulation, ubiquitous computing, wireless networks

Yingyue Xu; Hairong Qi

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Advanced MAC protocol with energy-efficiency for wireless sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper proposes E2-MAC, a contention-based energy-efficient Medium Access Control (MAC) Protocol for wireless sensor networks. Energy efficiency is primary goal in wireless sensor networks. Existing MAC protocols for sensor networks attempt ...

Jae-Hyun Kim; Ho-Nyeon Kim; Seog-Gyu Kim; Seung-Jun Choi; Jai-Yong Lee

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

Intelligent Light Control using Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Increasing user comfort and reducing operation costs have always been two primary objectives of building operations and control strategies. Current building control strategies are unable to incorporate occupant level comfort and meet the operation goals simultaneously. In this paper, we present a novel utility-based building control strategy that optimizes the tradeo# between meeting user comfort and reduction in operation cost by reducing energy usage. We present an implementation of the proposed approach as an intelligent lighting control strategy that significantly reduces energy cost. Our approach is based on a principled, decision theoretic formulation of the control task. We demonstrate the use of mobile wireless sensor networks to optimize the tradeo # between fulfilling di#erent occupants' light preferences and minimizing energy consumption. We further extend our approach to optimally exploit external light sources for additional energy savings, a process called daylight harvesting. Also we demonstrate that an active sensing approach can maximize the mobile sensor network's lifetime by sensing only during most informative situations. We provide e#cient algorithms for solving the underlying complex optimization problems, and extensively evaluate our proposed approach in a proof-of-concept testbed using MICA2 motes and dimmable lamps. Our results indicate a significant improvement in user utility and reduced energy expenditure.

Vipul Singhvi Civil; Vipul Singhvi; Civil Engineering Dept; James H. Garrett

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

Software Modems for Underwater Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract — The prohibitive monetary cost and high power consumption of existing acoustic hardware represent an obstacle for underwater sensor network deployment efforts. To address this issue, we propose underwater networks that rely on widely available speakers and microphones in electronic devices, coupled with software modems, to establish acoustic communication links. In this paper, we analytically and empirically explore the potential of this acoustic communication system for the underwater environment with a generic PC microphone as a receiver and with the Tmote Invent sensor module speaker as a transmitter. After waterproofing the components with elastic membranes that provide suitable coupling with the water, our experiments profile the hardware communication capability in a controlled aquatic environment. The medium profiling results expose the favorable frequencies of operation for the hardware, enabling us to design a software FSK modem. The experiments to evaluate the data transfer capability of our 8-frequency FSK software modem in the underwater channel yield an error-free channel capacity of 24 bps, and they also demonstrate that the system supports data rates up to at least 48 bps within a transmission range of 17 m. I.

Raja Jurdak; Pedro Aguiar; Pierre Baldi; Cristina Videira Lopes

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Tight analysis of shortest path convergecast in wireless sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We consider the convergecast problem in wireless sensor networks where readings generated by each sensor node are to reach the sink. Since a sensor reading can usually be encoded in a few bytes, more than one reading can readily fit into a standard transmission ...

John Augustine, Qi Han, Philip Loden, Sachin Lodha, Sasanka Roy

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

PRESTO: feedback-driven data management in sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents PRESTO, a novel two-tier sensor data management architecture comprising proxies and sensors that cooperate with one another for acquiring data and processing queries. PRESTO proxies construct time-series models of observed trends ... Keywords: data management, model-driven push, sensor networks, time-series models

Ming Li; Deepak Ganesan; Prashant Shenoy

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

A new clustering scheme for wireless sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Energy consumption has always been the most serious issue to consider while deploying Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs). Sensor nodes are limited in power, computational capacities and memory so reporting the occurring of specific events, such as fire ... Keywords: Opnet simulator, PMM, WSNs, cluster, event, mobile sink, sensor node model

Hajar Mousannif; Said Rakrak; Hassan Al Moatassime

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Oxygen sensor for monitoring gas mixtures containing hydrocarbons  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A gas sensor measures O.sub.2 content of a reformable monitored gas containing hydrocarbons H.sub.2 O and/or CO.sub.2, preferably in association with an electrochemical power generation system. The gas sensor has a housing communicating with the monitored gas environment and carries the monitored gas through an integral catalytic hydrocarbon reforming chamber containing a reforming catalyst, and over a solid electrolyte electrochemical cell used for sensing purposes. The electrochemical cell includes a solid electrolyte between a sensor electrode that is exposed to the monitored gas, and a reference electrode that is isolated in the housing from the monitored gas and is exposed to a reference gas environment. A heating element is also provided in heat transfer communication with the gas sensor. A circuit that can include controls operable to adjust operations via valves or the like is connected between the sensor electrode and the reference electrode to process the electrical signal developed by the electrochemical cell. The electrical signal varies as a measure of the equilibrium oxygen partial pressure of the monitored gas. Signal noise is effectively reduced by maintaining a constant temperature in the area of the electrochemical cell and providing a monitored gas at chemical equilibria when contacting the electrochemical cell. The output gas from the electrochemical cell of the sensor is fed back into the conduits of the power generating system.

Ruka, Roswell J. (Pittsburgh, PA); Basel, Richard A. (Pittsburgh, PA)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Oxygen sensor for monitoring gas mixtures containing hydrocarbons  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A gas sensor measures O{sub 2} content of a reformable monitored gas containing hydrocarbons, H{sub 2}O and/or CO{sub 2}, preferably in association with an electrochemical power generation system. The gas sensor has a housing communicating with the monitored gas environment and carries the monitored gas through an integral catalytic hydrocarbon reforming chamber containing a reforming catalyst, and over a solid electrolyte electrochemical cell used for sensing purposes. The electrochemical cell includes a solid electrolyte between a sensor electrode that is exposed to the monitored gas, and a reference electrode that is isolated in the housing from the monitored gas and is exposed to a reference gas environment. A heating element is also provided in heat transfer communication with the gas sensor. A circuit that can include controls operable to adjust operations via valves or the like is connected between the sensor electrode and the reference electrode to process the electrical signal developed by the electrochemical cell. The electrical signal varies as a measure of the equilibrium oxygen partial pressure of the monitored gas. Signal noise is effectively reduced by maintaining a constant temperature in the area of the electrochemical cell and providing a monitored gas at chemical equilibria when contacting the electrochemical cell. The output gas from the electrochemical cell of the sensor is fed back into the conduits of the power generating system. 4 figs.

Ruka, R.J.; Basel, R.A.

1996-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

335

Vampire Attacks: Draining Life from Wireless Ad Hoc Sensor Networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Ad hoc low-power wireless networks are an exciting research direction in sensing and pervasive computing. Prior security work in this area has focused primarily on denial of communication at the routing or medium access control levels. This paper explores ... Keywords: Denial of service, security, routing, ad hoc networks, sensor networks, wireless networks

Eugene Y. Vasserman; Nicholas Hopper

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Trio: enabling sustainable and scalable outdoor wireless sensor network deployments  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present the philosophy, design, and initial evaluation of the Trio Testbed, a new outdoor sensor network deployment that consists of 557 solar-powered motes, seven gateway nodes, and a root server. The testbed covers an area of approximately 50,000 ... Keywords: detection, large-scale, long-life, sensor networks, surveillance, target tracking, testbed

Prabal Dutta; Jonathan Hui; Jaein Jeong; Sukun Kim; Cory Sharp; Jay Taneja; Gilman Tolle; Kamin Whitehouse; David Culler

2006-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

Resource Allocation in Sensor Networks with Renewable Energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Resource Allocation in Sensor Networks with Renewable Energy (Invited Paper) Zhoujia Mao Department@ece.osu.edu Abstract--Renewable energy sources can be attached to sensor nodes to provide energy replenishment the wide-scale deployment of such networks. However, new and exciting developments in the area of renewable

Koksal, Can Emre

338

Agent fitness functions for evolving coordinated sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Distributed sensor networks are an attractive area for research in agent systems. This is due primarily to the level of information available in applications where sensing technology has improved dramatically. These include energy systems and area coverage ... Keywords: agent fitness, distributed sensor network, neuro-evolution

Christian Roth; Matt Knudson; Kagan Tumer

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Some comments on wireless sensor networks for natural hazards  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presently, the urgency of creating efficient system to tackle natural hazards such as tsunamis, earthquakes, landslides and floods to cite just a few, have originated that Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) play an increasingly important role in the natural ... Keywords: early warning systems, earthquakes, landslides, mobile robotics, tsunamis, wireless sensor networks

M. A. Grado-Caffaro; M. Grado-Caffaro; Mohammad Sadegh Ebrahimi

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

A secure alternate path routing in sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a secure alternate path routing in sensor networks. Our alternate path scheme makes the routing protocol resilient in the presence of malicious nodes that launch selective forwarding attacks. SeRINS (a Secure alternate path Routing ... Keywords: Secure routing, Sensor network security

Suk-Bok Lee; Yoon-Hwa Choi

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "monitoring sensor network" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

IDEA: integrated distributed energy awareness for wireless sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Energy in sensor networks is a distributed, non-transferable resource. Over time, differences in energy availability are likely to arise. Protocols like routing trees may concentrate energy usage at certain nodes. Differences in energy harvesting arising ... Keywords: optimization, resource distribution, resource management, wireless sensor networks

Geoffrey Werner Challen; Jason Waterman; Matt Welsh

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Distributed optimal dynamic base station positioning in wireless sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Base station (BS) positioning is an effective method for improving the performance of wireless sensor networks (WSNs). A metric-aware optimal BS positioning and relocation mechanism for WSNs is proposed. This technique locates the BS with respect to ... Keywords: Base station placement, Base station relocation, Least-squares optimization, Wireless sensor networks

P. D. Hossein Zadeh; C. Schlegel; M. H. MacGregor

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Prius: generic hybrid trace compression for wireless sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Several diagnostic tracing techniques (e.g., event, power, and control-flow tracing) have been proposed for run-time debugging and postmortem analysis of wireless sensor networks (WSNs). Traces generated by such techniques can become large, defying the ... Keywords: compression, sensor networks, tracing

Vinaitheerthan Sundaram; Patrick Eugster; Xiangyu Zhang

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

Wireless sensor networks based on publish/subscribe messaging paradigms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Rapidly increasing development and application areas of wireless sensor networks requires the deployment of highly scalable and dynamic communications paradigms for coping with the complex data management tasks encountered in distributed environments. ... Keywords: publish/subscribe messaging systems, wireless sensor networks

Hakan Cam; Ozgur Koray Sahingoz; Ahmet Coskun Sonmez

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Cross-platform protocol development for sensor networks: lessons learned  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Protocols for sensor networks are commonly coupled to the specific operating system (OS), for instance TinyOS, involving some drawbacks. First, programmers must learn OS architecture, programming guidelines, sometimes a new programming language, etc. ... Keywords: cross-platform, embedded systems, sensor networks

Marcin Brzozowski; Hendrik Salomon; Krzysztof Piotrowski; Peter Langendoerfer

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Geographic convergecast using mobile sink in wireless sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a novel convergecast algorithm called, Virtual Circle Combined Straight Routing (VCCSR), which collects data in a wireless sensor network (WSN) using a mobile sink. Tree-based routing offers the shortest routes to deliver data, and ... Keywords: Clustering, Convergecast, Data collection, Mobile sink, Wireless sensor networks

Tzung-Shi Chen; Hua-Wen Tsai; Yu-Hsin Chang; Tzung-Cheng Chen

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Secure position verification for wireless sensor networks in noisy channels  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Position verification in wireless sensor networks (WSNs) is quite tricky in presence of attackers (malicious sensor nodes), who try to break the verification protocol by reporting their incorrect positions (locations) during the verification stage. In ... Keywords: 3? limit, distance estimation, distributed protocol, location verification, quantiles, wireless networks

Partha Sarathi Mandal; Anil K. Ghosh

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

Qualitative change detection using sensor networks based on connectivity information  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The research reported in this paper uses wireless sensor networks to provide salient information about spatially distributed dynamic fields, such as regional variations in temperature or concentration of a toxic gas. The focus is on deriving qualitative ... Keywords: Qualitative changes, Sensor network, Spatio-temporal data, Topology

Jixiang Jiang; Michael Worboys; Silvia Nittel

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

Energy efficient searching in delay-tolerant wireless sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we consider the problem of information discovery in densely deployed and delay-tolerant Wireless Sensor Network (WSN), where the initiator of search is unaware of the location of target information. We propose Increasing Ray Search (IRS), ... Keywords: energy efficiency, query, search, wireless sensor networks

Kiran Rachuri; A. Antony Franklin; C. Siva Ram Murthy

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Localized power-aware routing in linear wireless sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Energy-efficency is a key concern when designing protocols for wireless sensor networks (WSN). This is of particular importance in commercial applications where demonstrable return on investment is a crucial factor. One such commercial application that ... Keywords: energy efficiency, linear topology, localized protocol, routing, wireless sensor network

Marco Zimmerling; Waltenegus Dargie; Johnathan M. Reason

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

Intrusion detection of sinkhole attacks in wireless sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we present an Intrusion Detection System designed for wireless sensor networks and show how it can be configured to detect Sinkhole attacks. A Sinkhole attack forms a serious threat to sensor networks. We study in depth this attack by ...

Ioannis Krontiris; Tassos Dimitriou; Thanassis Giannetsos; Marios Mpasoukos

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

Research on IPv6 address configuration for wireless sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The paper proposes an IPv6 address configuration scheme for wireless sensor networks. In the scheme, one wireless sensor network is divided into multiple clusters and the scheme creates the IPv6 address formats for the cluster heads and the cluster members ...

Xiaonan Wang; Demin Gao

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

A new paradigm for urban surveillance with vehicular sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We consider a new application paradigm of vehicular sensor networks (VSN). Currently, vehicles are equipped with forward facing cameras to assist forensic investigations of events by proactive image-capturing from streets and roads. Due to content redundancy ... Keywords: Cooperative storage, Intelligent transportation system, Mobile surveillance, Vehicular sensor networks

Xu Li; Hongyu Huang; Xuegang Yu; Wei Shu; Minglu Li; Min-You Wu

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

Nonparametric belief propagation for self-calibration in sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Automatic self-calibration of ad-hoc sensor networks is a critical need for their use in military or civilian applications. In general, self-calibration involves the combination of absolute location information (e.g. GPS) with relative calibration information ... Keywords: NBP, belief propagation, calibration, localization, nonparametric, sensor network

Alexander T. Ihler; John W. Fisher, III; Randolph L. Moses; Alan S. Willsky

2004-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

A Co-optimization Routing Algorithm in Wireless Sensor Network  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The MACORA is presented to solve the collision between mobile agent and multicast suppression in channel competitive process. With two-layer graph model, the channel converter problem in the dual-channel wireless sensor networks can be simplified into ... Keywords: Co-optimization, Dual-channel, Mobile agent, Packet transmission, The optimal route Restoring, Wireless sensor networks

Ran Jin, Chunhai Kou, Ruijuan Liu, Yefeng Li

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

A Survey of Attacks, Security Mechanisms and Challenges in Wireless Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wireless Sensor networks (WSN) is an emerging technology and have great potential to be employed in critical situations like battlefields and commercial applications such as building, traffic surveillance, habitat monitoring and smart homes and many more scenarios. One of the major challenges wireless sensor networks face today is security. While the deployment of sensor nodes in an unattended environment makes the networks vulnerable to a variety of potential attacks, the inherent power and memory limitations of sensor nodes makes conventional security solutions unfeasible. The sensing technology combined with processing power and wireless communication makes it profitable for being exploited in great quantity in future. The wireless communication technology also acquires various types of security threats. This paper discusses a wide variety of attacks in WSN and their classification mechanisms and different securities available to handle them including the challenges faced.

Padmavathi, Dr G

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Modeling the Behavior of an Electronically Switchable Directional Antenna for Wireless Sensor Networks.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Reducing power consumption is among the top concerns in Wireless Sensor Networks, as the lifetime of a Wireless Sensor Network depends on its power consumption.… (more)

Silase, Geletu

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Transmitting and gathering streaming data in wireless multimedia sensor networks within expected network lifetime  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Using multimedia sensor nodes in wireless sensor networks (WSNs) can significantly enhance the capability of WSNs for event description. Different kinds of holes can easily appear in WSNs. How to efficiently transmit multi-media streaming data and bypass ... Keywords: cross layer design, geographical multipath routing, wireless multimedia sensor networks

Lei Shu; Yan Zhang; Zhangbing Zhou; Manfred Hauswirth; Zhiwen Yu; Gearoid Hynes

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

Design and analysis of artifact-resistive finger photoplethysmographic sensors for vital sign monitoring  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A miniaturized, telemetric, photoplethysmograph sensor for long-term, continuous monitoring is presented in this thesis. The sensor, called a "ring sensor," is attached to a finger base for monitoring beat-to-beat pulsation, ...

Rhee, Sokwoo

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Comparative analysis of artificial neural networks and dynamic models as virtual sensors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a comparison of predictive models for the estimation of engine power and tailpipe emissions for a 4kW gasoline scooter. This study forms a benchmark toward establishing an online emissions control and monitoring system to bring the ... Keywords: Artificial neural network, Backpropagation, Emissions predictive modeling, Optimization layer-by-layer, Virtual sensor

Wai Kean Yap; Vishy Karri

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "monitoring sensor network" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Design, implementation, and evaluation of EnviroMic: A storage-centric audio sensor network  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This article presents the design, implementation, and evaluation of EnviroMic, a low-cost experimental prototype of a novel distributed acoustic monitoring, storage, and trace retrieval system designed for disconnected operation. Our intended ... Keywords: Sensor networks, acoustics, applications, distributed storage, group management

Liqian Luo; Qing Cao; Chengdu Huang; Lili Wang; Tarek F. Abdelzaher; John A. Stankovic; Michael Ward

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Performance evaluation of wireless sensor networks for event-detection with shadowing-induced radio irregularities  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we study a particular application of wireless sensor networks for event-detection and tracking. In this kind of application, the transport of data is simplified, and guaranteeing a minimum number of packets at the monitoring node is the ...

Giuseppe De Marco; Tao Yang; Makoto Ikeda; Leonard Barolli

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

Geographic Gossip: Efficient Averaging for Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Gossip algorithms for distributed computation are attractive due to their simplicity, distributed nature, and robustness in noisy and uncertain environments. However, using standard gossip algorithms can lead to a significant waste in energy by repeatedly recirculating redundant information. For realistic sensor network model topologies like grids and random geometric graphs, the inefficiency of gossip schemes is related to the slow mixing times of random walks on the communication graph. We propose and analyze an alternative gossiping scheme that exploits geographic information. By utilizing geographic routing combined with a simple resampling method, we demonstrate substantial gains over previously proposed gossip protocols. For regular graphs such as the ring or grid, our algorithm improves standard gossip by factors of $n$ and $\\sqrt{n}$ respectively. For the more challenging case of random geometric graphs, our algorithm computes the true average to accuracy $\\epsilon$ using $O(\\frac{n^{1.5}}{\\sqrt{\\log ...

Dimakis, Alexandros G; Wainwright, Martin J

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Solid-state, resistive hydrogen sensors for safety monitoring  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Solid-state, resistive hydrogen sensors have been designed and fabricated at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Sensor response has been successfully tested with H{sub 2} gas in argon and air under ambient temperature and pressure, while immersed in transformer oil at temperatures between 25{degrees}C and 90{degrees}C, and under site-specific conditions at Westinghouse Savannah River Co. Current versions of the sensors (25 {times} 25 {times} 0.6 mm) are small enough to be incorporated into hand-held leak detectors or distributed sensor systems for safety monitoring throughout a large area. Another foreseeable application is in electrical power transformers where the buildup of hydrogen gas accompanies oil breakdown. The use of these sensors to monitor transformer oil changes could help predict and prevent catastrophic failure.

Hoffheins, B.S.; Lauf, R.J.; Fleming, P.H. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Nave, S.E. [Westinghouse Savannah River Co., Aiken, SC (United States)

1993-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Electrochemical Hydrogen Sensor for Safety Monitoring  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A hydrogen safety sensor is presented which provides high sensitivity and fast response time when operated in air. The target application for the sensor is external deployment near systems using or producing high concentrations of hydrogen. The sensor is composed of a catalytically active metal-oxide sensing electrode and a noble metal reference electrode attached to an yttria-stabilized zirconia (YSZ) electrolyte. The sensing approach is based on the difference in oxidation rate of hydrogen on the different electrode materials. Results will be presented for a sensor using a sensing electrode of tin-doped indium oxide (ITO). Response to H{sub 2}, and cross-sensitivity to hydrocarbon and H{sub 2}O are discussed.

Martin, L P; Pham, A-Q; Glass, R S

2003-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

366

A mobile-agent based wireless sensing network for structural monitoring applications  

SciTech Connect

A new wireless sensing network paradigm is presented for structural monitoring applications. In this approach, both power and data interrogation commands are conveyed via a mobile agent that is sent to sensor nodes to perform intended interrogations, which can alleviate several limitations of the traditional sensing networks. Furthermore, the mobile agent provides computational power to make near real-time assessments on the structural conditions. This paper will discuss such prototype systems, which are used to interrogate impedance-based sensors for structural health monitoring applications. Our wireless sensor node is specifically designed to accept various energy sources, including wireless energy transmission, and to be wirelessly triggered on an as-needed basis by the mobile agent or other sensor nodes. The capabilities of this proposed sensing network paradigm are demonstrated in the laboratory and the field.

Taylor, Stuart G [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Farinholt, Kevin M [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Figueiredo, Eloi [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Park, Gyuhae [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Farrar, Charles R [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Flynn, Eric B [UCSD; Mascarenas, David L [UCSD; Todd, Michael D [UCSD

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Fault tolerance in ZigBee wireless sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Wireless sensor networks (WSN) based on the IEEE 802.15.4 Personal Area Network standard are finding increasing use in the home automation and emerging smart energy markets. The network and application layers, based on the ZigBee 2007 PRO Standard, provide ...

Richard Alena; Ray Gilstrap; Jarren Baldwin; Thom Stone; Pete Wilson

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Lossy Data Aggregation in Multihop Wireless Sensor Networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In wireless sensor networks, in-network data aggregation is an efficient way to reduce energy consumption in network. However, most of the existing data aggregation scheduling methods try to aggregate the data from all the nodes at all time-instances. ... Keywords: Data Loss, Data Sampling, Energy Efficiency, Lossy Data Aggregation

Guojun Dai; Jianhui Zhang; Shaojie Tang; Xingfa Shen; Changping Lv

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

A study of reconnecting the partitioned wireless sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Most wireless sensor networks (WSN) researches assume that the network is connected and there is always a path connected by wireless links between a source and a destination. In this paper, we argue that network partitioning is not an uncommon phenomenon ...

Qing Ye; Liang Cheng

2005-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

SENSTRAC: scalable querying of sensor networks from mobile platforms using tracking-style queries  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Future applications running on mobile platforms will sometimes need to query sensors and track sensor data over time. This paper proposes a novel, but natural, solution to querying sensors from mobile platforms, based on the publish-subscribe paradigm. ... Keywords: MANET, SENSTRAC, ad hoc networks, mobile networks, publish-subscribe, query, querying sensors, scalability, sensor networks

Stefan Pleisch; Kenneth P. Birman

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Network Management and Performance Monitoring at SLAC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Subjectively, the ultimate measurers of system performance are the users and their perceptions of the performance of their networked applications. The performance of a system is affected by the physical network plant (routers, bridges, hubs, etc.) as well as by every "computer " and peripheral device that is attached to it, and the software running on the computers and devices. Performance monitoring of a network must therefore include computer systems and services monitoring and well as monitoring of the physical network plant. This paper will describe how this challenge has been tackled at SLAC, and how, via the World Wide Web 1,2 , this information is made available for quick perusal by concerned personnel and users. INTRODUCTION The ultimate measure of system performance is the perception of the users. The users' perception is generally based on the response time to various commands they enter at their keyboards. This maybe any command from a print command, the submission of a l...

Logg And; C. A. Logg; R. L. A. Cottrell

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Real-time method for establishing a detection map for a network of sensors  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for establishing a detection map of a dynamically configurable sensor network. This method determines an appropriate set of locations for a plurality of sensor units of a sensor network and establishes a detection map for the network of sensors while the network is being set up; the detection map includes the effects of the local terrain and individual sensor performance. Sensor performance is characterized during the placement of the sensor units, which enables dynamic adjustment or reconfiguration of the placement of individual elements of the sensor network during network set-up to accommodate variations in local terrain and individual sensor performance. The reconfiguration of the network during initial set-up to accommodate deviations from idealized individual sensor detection zones improves the effectiveness of the sensor network in detecting activities at a detection perimeter and can provide the desired sensor coverage of an area while minimizing unintentional gaps in coverage.

Nguyen, Hung D; Koch, Mark W; Giron, Casey; Rondeau, Daniel M; Russell, John L

2012-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

373

Increasing network lifetime in an energy-constrained wireless sensor network  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Energy in wireless sensor networks is a scarce resource, therefore an energy-efficient mechanism is required to increase the network lifetime. In this paper, we study the problem of optimal power allocation, taking into account the estimation of the ...

Said El Abdellaoui; Mérouane Debbah; Youssef Fakhri; Driss Aboutajdine

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Security Schemes for Wireless Sensor Networks with Mobile Sink  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mobile sinks are vital in many wireless sensor applications for efficient data collection, data querying, and localized sensor reprogramming. Mobile sinks prolong the lifetime of a sensor network. However, when sensor networks with mobile sinks are deployed in a hostile environment, security became a critical issue. They become exposed to varieties of malicious attacks. Thus, anti threats schemes and security services, such as mobile sink?s authentication and pairwise key establishment, are essential components for the secure operation of such networks. Due to the sensors, limited resources designing efficient security schemes with low communication overhead to secure communication links between sensors and MS (Mobile Sink) is not a trivial task. In addition to the sensors limited resources, sink mobility required frequent exchange of cryptography information between the sensors and MS each time the MS updates its location which imposes extra communication overhead on the sensors. In this dissertation, we consider a number of security schemes for WSN (wireless sensor network) with MS. The schemes offer high network?s resiliency and low communication overhead against nodes capture, MS replication and wormhole attacks. We propose two schemes based on the polynomial pool scheme for tolerating nodes capture: the probabilistic generation key pre-distribution scheme combined with polynomial pool scheme, and the Q-composite generation key scheme combined with polynomial pool scheme. The schemes ensure low communication overhead and high resiliency. For anti MS replication attack scheme, we propose the multiple polynomial pools scheme that provide much higher resiliency to MS replication attack as compared to the single polynomial pool approach. Furthermore, to improve the network resiliency against wormhole attack, two defensive mechanisms were developed according to the MS mobility type. In the first technique, MS uses controlled mobility. We investigate the problem of using a single authentication code by sensors network to verify the source of MS beacons, and then we develop a defensive approach that divide the sensor network into different authentication code?s grids. In the second technique, random mobility is used by MS. We explore the use of different communication channels available in the sensor hardware combined with polynomial pool scheme.

Rasheed, Amar Adnan

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

Wireless sensor networks: A survey on the state of the art and the 802.15.4 and ZigBee standards  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Wireless sensor networks are an emerging technology for low-cost, unattended monitoring of a wide range of environments. Their importance has been enforced by the recent delivery of the IEEE 802.15.4 standard for the physical and MAC layers and the forthcoming ... Keywords: IEEE 802.15.4, Wireless sensor networks, ZigBee

Paolo Baronti; Prashant Pillai; Vince W. C. Chook; Stefano Chessa; Alberto Gotta; Y. Fun Hu

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

Wireless sensor network system for supporting nursing context-awareness  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We developed a wireless sensor network system for supporting context-awareness of nursing activities in hospitals. Our system is aimed at automated recording of nursing work, providing context-aware services to nurses and visualising analytical results ...

Futoshi Naya; Ren Ohmura; Masakazu Miyamae; Haruo Noma; Kiyoshi Kogure; Michita Imai

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Smarter cities through standards-based wireless sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Wireless sensor networks (WSNs) started as an academic concept and became a commercially relevant technology. This technology will play a key role in creating more instrumented and interconnected urban environments. The resulting smarter cities will ...

T. Watteyne; K. S. J. Pister

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

Performance Aware Tasking for Environmentally Powered Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Schiller. Utilizing solar power in wireless sensor networks.heliomote is running on solar power and the battery is beingthat only the actual solar power available to the batteries

A. Kansal; D. Potter; MB Srivastava

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Cooperative game-based routing approach for wireless sensor network  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Aiming at the security and limited energy issues in wireless sensor network, this paper introduces a secure and energy-saving routing protocol based on cooperative game strategy. A novel incentive mechanism is proposed: all the nodes including the selfish ...

Fengyun Li; Guiran Chang; Lan Yao; Fuxiang Gao

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Dynamic reconfiguration in sensor networks with regenerative energy sources  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In highly power constrained sensor networks, harvesting energy from the environment makes prolonged or even perpetual execution feasible. In such energy harvesting systems, energy sources are characterized as being regenerative. Regenerative energy sources ...

Ani Nahapetian; Paolo Lombardo; Andrea Acquaviva; Luca Benini; Majid Sarrafzadeh

2007-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "monitoring sensor network" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Kensho: a dynamic tasking architecture for sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recent research on sensor network programming architectures has managed to alleviate many common programming burdens, but has not fully addressed the problems associated with tasking and deployment. This has impeded the development of new multi-purpose ...

James Horey; Arthur B. Maccabe; Angela Mielke

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

TwinsNet: a cooperative MIMO mobile sensor network  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A distributed sensor network with mobility provides an ideal system platform for surveillance and for search and rescue applications. We consider a system design consisting of a set of autonomous robots communicating with each other and with a base station ...

Qingquan Zhang; Woong Cho; Gerald E. Sobelman; Liuqing Yang; Richard Voyles

2006-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

Minimizing Transmission Energy in Sensor Networks via Trajectory Control  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy optimization is a significant component of Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) design. In this paper we consider transmission energy optimization in WSNs where messages are collected by a mobile receiver (collector). The ...

Ciullo, Delia

384

Adaptive sampling and forecasting with mobile sensor networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis addresses planning of mobile sensor networks to extract the best information possible out of the environment to improve the (ensemble) forecast at some verification region in the future. To define the information ...

Choi, Han-Lim

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

Achieving Comfort and Saving Energy with Sensor Networks in Buildings  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Achieving Comfort and Saving Energy with Sensor Networks in Buildings Speaker(s): Danni Wang Date: July 7, 2005 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 One of the fundamental objectives of an...

386

Programming storage-centric sensor networks with Squirrel  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present Squirrel, a stream-oriented programming framework for storage-centric sensor networks. The storage-centric paradigm---where storage operations prevail over communication activity---applies to scenarios such as batch data collection, delay-tolerant ...

Luca Mottola

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Typhoon: a reliable data dissemination protocol for wireless sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present Typhoon, a protocol designed to reliably deliver large objects to all the nodes of a wireless sensor network (WSN). Typhoon uses a combination of spatially-tuned timers, prompt retransmissions, and frequency diversity to reduce contention ...

Chieh-Jan Mike Liang; R?zvan Mus?loiu-E.; Andreas Terzis

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Autonomous Depth Adjustment for Underwater Sensor Networks: Design and Applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

To fully understand the ocean environment requires sensing the full water column. Utilizing a depth adjustment system on an underwater sensor network provides this while also improving global sensing and communications. ...

Detweiler, Carrick

389

Lifetime benefits through load balancing in homogeneous sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In routing protocols for wireless sensor networks energy efficiency is of paramount importance. Reliability-oriented protocols discard lossy links to avoid the significant energy cost of packet loss. The downside is that nodes with a particularly favorable ...

Daniele Puccinelli; Martin Haenggi

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

ROPE: robust position estimation in wireless sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We address the problem of secure location determination, known as Secure Localization, and the problem of verifying the location claim of a node, known as Location Verification, in Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN). We propose a robust positioning ...

Loukas Lazos; Radha Poovendran; Srdjan ?apkun

2005-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

On the quality and value of information in sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The increasing use of sensor-derived information from planned, ad-hoc, and/or opportunistically deployed sensor networks provides enhanced visibility to everyday activities and processes, enabling fast-paced data-to-decision in personal, social, civilian, ... Keywords: AHP, Internet of things, IoT, QoI, Quality of information, VoI, analytic hierarchy process, information systems, metadata, provenance, sensor information fusion, value of information

Chatschik Bisdikian, Lance M. Kaplan, Mani B. Srivastava

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Optimized Data Fusion in Bandwidth and Energy Constrained Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Optimized Data Fusion in Bandwidth and Energy Constrained Sensor Networks Xianren Wu and Zhi Tian Abstract-- This paper considers the problem of decentralized data fusion (DDF) for large wireless sensor this setting, we derive the maximum likelihood (ML) data fusion rule for decentralized parameter estimation

Tian, Zhi "Gerry"

393

Minimalist object oriented service discovery protocol for wireless sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a new Service Discovery Protocol (SDP) suitable for Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN). The restrictions that are imposed by ultra low-cost sensor and actuators devices (basic components of a WSN) are taken into account to reach a minimal ...

D. Villa; F. J. Villanueva; F. Moya; F. Rincón; J. Barba; J. C. López

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

Energy-synchronized computing for sustainable sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To ensure sustainable operations of wireless sensor systems, environmental energy harvesting has been regarded as one of the most fundamental solutions for long-term applications. In energy-dynamic environments, energy conservation is no longer considered ... Keywords: Energy, Sustainable, Wireless sensor networks

Ting Zhu, Ziguo Zhong, Tian He, Zhi-Li Zhang

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

Speed control and scheduling of data mules in sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Unlike traditional multihop forwarding among stationary sensor nodes, use of mobile devices for data collection in wireless sensor networks has recently been gathering more attention. The use of mobility significantly reduces the energy consumption at ... Keywords: Controlled mobility, linear programming, motion planning, scheduling, simulation

Ryo Sugihara; Rajesh K. Gupta

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

ATPC: adaptive transmission power control for wireless sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Extensive empirical studies presented in this paper confirm that the quality of radio communication between low power sensor devices varies significantly with time and environment. This phenomenon indicates that the previous topology control solutions, ... Keywords: adaptive, feedback, link quality, transmission power control, wireless sensor network

Shan Lin; Jingbin Zhang; Gang Zhou; Lin Gu; John A. Stankovic; Tian He

2006-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Electrochemical sensor for monitoring electrochemical potentials of fuel cell components  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An electrochemical sensor comprised of wires, a sheath, and a conduit can be utilized to monitor fuel cell component electric potentials during fuel cell shut down or steady state. The electrochemical sensor contacts an electrolyte reservoir plate such that the conduit wicks electrolyte through capillary action to the wires to provide water necessary for the electrolysis reaction which occurs thereon. A voltage is applied across the wires of the electrochemical sensor until hydrogen evolution occurs at the surface of one of the wires, thereby forming a hydrogen reference electrode. The voltage of the fuel cell component is then determined with relation to the hydrogen reference electrode.

Kunz, Harold R. (Vernon, CT); Breault, Richard D. (Coventry, CT)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Towards clock skew based services in wireless sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Clock skew, an inherent property of clock crystals of physical devices, is defined as the rate of deviation of a device clock from the true time. The frequency of a device's clock actually depends on its environment, such as the temperature, humidity, ... Keywords: Sybil attacks, attack detection, clock crystals, clock skews, covert channels, electromagnetic interference, fingerprinting, geolocation, humidity, malfunctioning mote identification, malicious mote identification, measurement, multi-hop WSN, node identification, security, sensor motes, temperature, vibration, wireless networks, wireless sensor networks, wormhole attacks

Md. Borhan Uddin; Claude Castelluccia

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

Irrigation Monitoring with Soil Water Sensors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Monitoring soil water content is essential if growers want to optimize production, conserve water, reduce environmental impacts and save money. This publication illustrates how soil moisture monitoring can improve irrigation decisions and how it also can prevent irrigating the crop too much or too little.

Enciso, Juan; Porter, Dana; Peries, Xavier

2007-01-19T23:59:59.000Z

400

Deploying a wireless sensor network on an active volcano  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Augmenting heavy and power-hungry data collection equipment with lighter, smaller wireless sensor network nodes leads to faster,larger deployments. Arrays comprising dozens of wireless sensor nodes are now possible,allowing scientific studies that aren’t feasible with traditional instrumentation. Designing sensor networks to support volcanic studies requires addressing the high data rates and high data fidelity these studies demand. The authors ’ sensor-network application for volcanic data collection relies on triggered event detection and reliable data retrieval to meet bandwidth and data-quality demands. Wireless sensor networks — in which numerous resource-limited nodes are linked via low-bandwidth wireless radios — have been the focus of intense research during the past few years. Since their conception, they’ve excited a range of scientific communities because of their potential to facilitate data acquisition and scientific studies. Collaborations between computer scientists and other domain scientists have produced networks that can record data at a scale and resolution not previously possible. Taking this progress one step further, wireless sensor networks can potentially advance the pursuit of geophysical studies of volcanic activity. Two years ago, our team of computer scientists at Harvard University began collaborating with volcanologists at the University of North Carolina, the University of New Hampshire, and the Instituto

Konrad Lorincz; Matt Welsh; Omar Marcillo; Jeff Johnson; Mario Ruiz; Jonathan Lees

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "monitoring sensor network" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Analyzing the techniques that improve fault tolerance of aggregation trees in sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Sensor networks are finding significant applications in large scale distributed systems. One of the basic operations in sensor networks is in-network aggregation. Among the various approaches to in-network aggregation, such as gossip and tree, including ... Keywords: Aggregation, Fault tolerance, Modeling faults, Reliability, Sensor network

Laukik Chitnis; Alin Dobra; Sanjay Ranka

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

An efficient cluster-based self-organisation algorithm for wireless sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The paper proposes an Efficient Cluster-based Self-organisation Algorithm (ECSA) for partitioning Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) into clusters, thus giving at the network a hierarchical organisation. Each sensor uses its weight ... Keywords: WSNs, cluster head, clustering algorithms, energy dissipation, homogeneous clusters, k-density, network lifetime, node weight, residual energy, self-organisation, wireless networks, wireless sensor networks

Mohamed Lehsaini; Herve Guyennet; Mohammed Feham

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

Deployment guidelines for achieving maximum lifetime and avoiding energy holes in sensor network  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The demand for maximum network lifetime in many mission-critical applications of wireless sensor networks motivates the great significance to deploy as few sensors as possible to achieve the expected network performance. In this paper, we first characterize ... Keywords: Adjustable transmission range, Energy-hole, Network lifetime, Node deployment, Wireless sensor network

Anfeng Liu; Xin Jin; Guohua Cui; Zhigang Chen

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

A power- and coverage-aware clustering scheme for wireless sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A common and critical operation for wireless sensor networks is data gathering. The efficient clustering of a sensor network that can save energy and improve coverage efficiency is an important requirement for many upper layer network functions. This ... Keywords: Wireless sensor networks, clustering, energy and coverage efficiency, high-uniformity, network lifetime

Liang Xue; Xin-Ping Guan; Zhi-Xin Liu; Qing-Chao Zheng

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Mobile and Ubiquitous Computing Sensor network applications and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the forest? SELECT SUM(s) FROM SensorData s WHERE s.nest = empty and s.loc in (50,50,100,100) Long and biological sensors fire, earthquake emergencies vehicle tracking, traffic control surveillance of city in Hawaii Volcanoes National Park University of Hawaii monitor micro-climates in areas with endangered

Roussos, George

406

Software Modems for Underwater Sensor Networks Raja Jurdak, Pedro Aguiar, Pierre Baldi, and Cristina Videira Lopes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Software Modems for Underwater Sensor Networks Raja Jurdak, Pedro Aguiar, Pierre Baldi acoustic hardware represent an obstacle for underwater sensor network deployment efforts. To address this issue, we propose underwater networks that rely on widely available speakers and microphones

Aguiar, Pedro M. Q.

407

Maximizing network lifetime based on transmission range adjustment in wireless sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In a wireless sensor network (WSN), the unbalanced distribution of communication loads often causes the problem of energy hole, which means the energy of the nodes in the hole region will be exhausted sooner than the nodes in other regions. This is a ... Keywords: Energy hole problem, Multi-objective optimization problem, NP hard, Wireless sensor networks

Chao Song; Ming Liu; Jiannong Cao; Yuan Zheng; Haigang Gong; Guihai Chen

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Network lifetime analytical model for node-disjoint multipath routing in wireless sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The objective of every sensor node in a sensor network is to send the sensed data in the phenomena to a sink node. The network lifetime is maximal, when the energy consumption of each node is uniform. Many routing protocols select an optimal path to ...

Shiva G. Murthy; R. J. D. Souza; G. Varaprasad

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

LWOS: a localization method without on-body sensor in wireless sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In many applications of wireless sensor networks (WSNs), the location information of users is very important. In this paper we present a localization method without on-body sensor (LWOS). The basic idea is that when a person is standing between a pair ...

Shuangquan Wang; Ningjiang Chen; Xin Chen; Jie Yang; Jun Lu

2006-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

A dynamic reconfigurable routing framework for wireless sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Sensornet deployments of the future are expected to deliver a multitude of services, ranging from reliable sensing, real time streams, mission critical support, network reprogramming and so on. Naturally, no one routing protocol can sufficiently cater ... Keywords: Dynamic routing, Multi-hop routing, Wireless sensor networks

Mukundan Venkataraman; Mainak Chatterjee; Kevin Kwiat

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

Sensor network calculus – a framework for worst case analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To our knowledge, at the time of writing no methodology exists to dimension a sensor network so that a worst case traffic scenario can be definitely supported. In this paper, the well known network calculus is tailored so that it can be used as a tool ...

Jens B. Schmitt; Utz Roedig

2005-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

Distributed Energy-Efficient Hierarchical Clustering for Wireless Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Distributed Energy-Efficient Hierarchical Clustering for Wireless Sensor Networks Ping Ding, Jo important. In this paper, we propose a distributed weight-based energy-efficient hierarchical clustering of the network topology. Younis and Fahmy [4] propose a Hybrid Energy-Efficient Distributed clustering (HEED

Holliday, JoAnne

413

Underwater wireless sensor networks: routing issues and future challenges  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

With the advancements of acoustic modem technology that supports better data rates with reliable communications, current research focuses on algorithms those can support such technology in a better way. During the last two decades, many protocols suggested ... Keywords: acoustic communicaitons, intermettent networks, routing protocols, underwater sensor networks

Muhammad Ayaz; Azween Abdullah

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

Wireless Sensor Network for Advanced Energy Management Solutions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Eaton has developed an advanced energy management solution that has been deployed to several Industries of the Future (IoF) sites. This demonstrated energy savings and reduced unscheduled downtime through an improved means for performing predictive diagnostics and energy efficiency estimation. Eaton has developed a suite of online, continuous, and inferential algorithms that utilize motor current signature analysis (MCSA) and motor power signature analysis (MPSA) techniques to detect and predict the health condition and energy usage condition of motors and their connect loads. Eaton has also developed a hardware and software platform that provided a means to develop and test these advanced algorithms in the field. Results from lab validation and field trials have demonstrated that the developed advanced algorithms are able to detect motor and load inefficiency and performance degradation. Eaton investigated the performance of Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN) within various industrial facilities to understand concerns about topology and environmental conditions that have precluded broad adoption by the industry to date. A Wireless Link Assessment System (WLAS), was used to validate wireless performance under a variety of conditions. Results demonstrated that wireless networks can provide adequate performance in most facilities when properly specified and deployed. Customers from various IoF expressed interest in applying wireless more broadly for selected applications, but continue to prefer utilizing existing, wired field bus networks for most sensor based applications that will tie into their existing Computerized Motor Maintenance Systems (CMMS). As a result, wireless technology was de-emphasized within the project, and a greater focus placed on energy efficiency/predictive diagnostics. Commercially available wireless networks were only utilized in field test sites to facilitate collection of motor wellness information, and no wireless sensor network products were developed under this project. As an outgrowth of this program, Eaton developed a patented energy-optimizing drive control technology that is complementary to a traditional variable frequency drives (VFD) to enable significant energy savings for motors with variable torque applications, such as fans, pumps, and compressors. This technology provides an estimated energy saving of 2%-10% depending on the loading condition, in addition to the savings obtained from a traditional VFD. The combination of a VFD with the enhanced energy-optimizing controls will provide significant energy savings (10% to 70% depending on the load and duty cycle) for motors that are presently connected with across the line starters. It will also provide a more favorable return on investment (ROI), thus encouraging industries to adopt VFDs for more motors within their facilities. The patented technology is based on nonintrusive algorithms that estimate the instantaneous operating efficiency and motor speed and provide active energy-optimizing control of a motor, using only existing voltage and current sensors. This technology is currently being commercialized by Eaton’s Industrial Controls Division in their next generation motor control products. Due to the common nonintrusive and inferential nature of various algorithms, this same product can also include motor and equipment condition monitoring features, providing the facility owner additional information to improve process uptime and the associated energy savings. Calculations estimated potential energy savings of 261,397GWh/Yr ($15.7B/yr), through retrofitting energy-optimizing VFDs into existing facilities, and incorporating the solution into building equipment sold by original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) and installed by mechanical and electrical contractors. Utilizing MCSA and MPSA for predictive maintenance (PM) of motors and connected equipment reduces process downtime cost and the cost of wasted energy associated with shutting down and restarting the processes. Estimated savings vary depending on the industry segment and equi

Peter J. Theisen; Bin Lu, Charles J. Luebke

2009-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

415

News and Update: Sensors Continually Monitor Water and Air Quality  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An Initial Microstructural Analysis of A36 Steel from WTC Building 7 by J.R. Barnett, R.R. ... a system of sensors developed by the U.S. Department of Energy's Sandia ... The system is designed to continually monitor water or air, in- situ, so sample ... to develop a program to train water utilities to assess system vulnerabilities.

416

Energy Harvesting Support for Sensor Networking  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

no harvesting energy Environment Aware DC Step-Up Converterand solar energy info with host sensor node DC Step-Up

Jason Hsu; Aman Kansal; Mani Srivastava

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

Energy Harvesting Support for Sensor Networking  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

battery status and solar energy info with host sensor nodelevel Yellow bar represent solar energy received locally •AHeliomoteR A integrated solar energy harvesting and storage

Jason Hsu; Aman Kansal; Mani Srivastava

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

A learning automata based scheduling solution to the dynamic point coverage problem in wireless sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The dynamic point coverage problem in wireless sensor networks is to detect some moving target points in the area of the network using as few sensor nodes as possible. One way to deal with this problem is to schedule sensor nodes in such a way that a ... Keywords: Dynamic point coverage, Learning automata, Scheduling, Wireless sensor network

M. Esnaashari; M. R. Meybodi

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

EECHE: energy-efficient cluster head election protocol for heterogeneous wireless sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A wireless sensor network with a large number of tiny sensor nodes can be used as an effective tool for gathering data in various situations. One of the major issues in wireless sensor network is developing an energy-efficient routing protocol which ... Keywords: clustering, energy efficient, heterogeneous, lifetime, sensor networks

Dilip Kumar; T. C. Aseri; R. B Patel

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

Aqua-Net: An Underwater Sensor Network Architecture --Design and Implementation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Aqua-Net: An Underwater Sensor Network Architecture -- Design and Implementation Zheng Peng, Zhong Department, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269 Abstract Underwater sensor network (UWSN) has emerged architecture for underwater sensor network. This paper proposes AQUA-NET, an architecture for underwater sensor

Cui, Jun-Hong

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "monitoring sensor network" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Clustering strategies for improving the lifetime of two-tiered sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In hierarchical sensor networks, sensor nodes are arranged in clusters, and higher-powered relay nodes can be used as cluster heads. Due to the limited transmission range and battery power of the nodes, it is important to develop techniques that minimize ... Keywords: Clustering, Energy-efficient, Relay nodes, Sensor networks, Two-tiered sensor networks

Ataul Bari; Arunita Jaekel; Subir Bandyopadhyay

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Asynchronous group key distribution on top of the cc2420 security mechanisms for sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A sensor network is a network consisting of small, inexpensive, low-powered sensor nodes that communicate to complete a common task. Sensor nodes are characterized by having limited communication and computation capabilities, energy, and storage. They ... Keywords: cc2420 security, group key distribution, sensor network security

Morten Tranberg Hansen

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Analyzing space-time sensor network data under suppression and failure in transmission  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we present a fully model-based analysis of the effects of suppression and failure in data transmission with sensor networks. Sensor networks are becoming an increasingly common data collection mechanism in a variety of fields. Sensors can ... Keywords: Hierarchical models, Information loss, Linear constraints, Spatio temporal models, Wireless sensor networks

Gavino Puggioni; Alan E. Gelfand

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

In-network data estimation for sensor-driven scientific applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Sensor networks employed by scientific applications oftenneed to support localized collaboration of sensor nodes to perform in-network data processing. This includes new quantitative synthesis andhypothesis testing in near real time, as data streaming ... Keywords: in-network data estimation, sensor system programming, sensor-driven scientific applications

Nanyan Jiang; Manish Parashar

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Time Synchronization in Hierarchical TESLA Wireless Sensor Networks  

SciTech Connect

Time synchronization and event time correlation are important in wireless sensor networks. In particular, time is used to create a sequence events or time line to answer questions of cause and effect. Time is also used as a basis for determining the freshness of received packets and the validity of cryptographic certificates. This paper presents secure method of time synchronization and event time correlation for TESLA-based hierarchical wireless sensor networks. The method demonstrates that events in a TESLA network can be accurately timestamped by adding only a few pieces of data to the existing protocol.

Jason L. Wright; Milos Manic

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Wireless Sensors and Networks for Advanced Energy Management  

SciTech Connect

Numerous national studies and working groups have identified low-cost, very low-power wireless sensors and networks as a critical enabling technology for increasing energy efficiency, reducing waste, and optimizing processes. Research areas for developing such sensor and network platforms include microsensor arrays, ultra-low power electronics and signal conditioning, data/control transceivers, and robust wireless networks. A review of some of the research in the following areas will be discussed: (1) Low-cost, flexible multi-sensor array platforms (CO{sub 2}, NO{sub x}, CO, humidity, NH{sub 3}, O{sub 2}, occupancy, etc.) that enable energy and emission reductions in applications such as buildings and manufacturing; (2) Modeling investments (energy usage and savings to drive capital investment decisions) and estimated uptime improvements through pervasive gathering of equipment and process health data and its effects on energy; (3) Robust, self-configuring wireless sensor networks for energy management; and (4) Quality-of-service for secure and reliable data transmission from widely distributed sensors. Wireless communications is poised to support technical innovations in the industrial community, with widespread use of wireless sensors forecasted to improve manufacturing production and energy efficiency and reduce emissions. Progress being made in wireless system components, as described in this paper, is helping bring these projected improvements to reality.

Hardy, J.E.

2005-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

427

Microsoft Word - Acoustic Sensor for Pipeline Monitoring_Revised.do  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

LA-UR-05-6025 LA-UR-05-6025 Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. Title: Acoustic Sensor for Pipeline Monitoring: Technology Report Author(s): Dipen N. Sinha Submitted to: Gas Technology Management Division Strategic Center for Natural Gas and Oil National Energy Technology Laboratory 2 Acoustic Sensor for Pipeline Monitoring: Technology Report Dipen Sinha Los Alamos National Laboratory July 20, 2005 Executive Summary This report presents detailed information on the effort to develop acoustic sensing technologies for natural gas pipe line monitoring. It starts with a historical evolution of the project and ends with the current status. The various technical accomplishments during this effort are pointed out. The latest technique involves the use of Lamb wave propagation in the wall of a pipe generated in a stand-off manner for defect detection. The report presents

428

BUILDING UNDERWATER AD-HOC NETWORKS AND SENSOR NETWORKS FOR LARGE SCALE REAL-TIME AQUATIC APPLICATIONS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

BUILDING UNDERWATER AD-HOC NETWORKS AND SENSOR NETWORKS FOR LARGE SCALE REAL-TIME AQUATIC, CT 06269 Gainesville, FL 32611 Abstract-- Large-scale Underwater Ad-hoc Networks (UANET) and Underwater Sensor Networks (UWSN) are novel networking paradigms to explore the uninhabited oceans. How- ever

Cui, Jun-Hong

429

Strategies and Challenges for Interconnecting Wireless Mesh and Wireless Sensor Networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Wireless sensor networks and wireless mesh networks are popular research subjects. The interconnection of both network types enables next-generation applications and creates new optimization opportunities. However, current single-gateway solutions are ... Keywords: Cooperation strategies, Future networks, Wireless mesh network, Wireless sensor network

Stefan Bouckaert; Eli De Poorter; Benôit Latré; Jeroen Hoebeke; Ingrid Moerman; Piet Demeester

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

TCPL: A Defense against wormhole attacks in wireless sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Do In this paper presents recent advances in technology have made low-cost, low-power wireless sensors with efficient energy consumption. A network of such nodes can coordinate among themselves for distributed sensing and processing of certain data. For which, we propose an architecture to provide a stateless solution in sensor networks for efficient routing in wireless sensor networks. This type of architecture is known as Tree Cast. We propose a unique method of address allocation, building up multiple disjoint trees which are geographically inter-twined and rooted at the data sink. Using these trees, routing messages to and from the sink node without maintaining any routing state in the sensor nodes is possible. In this paper, we introduce the wormhole attack, a severe attack in ad hoc networks that is particularly challenging to defend against. The wormhole attack is possible even if the attacker has not compromised any hosts and even if all communication provides authenticity and confidentiality. In the wormhole attack, an attacker records packets (or bits) at one location in the network, tunnels them to another location, and retransmits them there into the network. The wormhole attack can form a serious threat in wireless networks, especially against many sensor network routing protocols and location-based wireless security systems. For example, most existing ad hoc network routing protocols, without some mechanism to defend against the wormhole attack, would be unable to find routes longer than one or two hops, severely disrupting communication. We present a new, general mechanism, called packet leashes, for detecting and thus defending against wormhole attacks, and we present a specific protocol, called TIK, that implements leashes.

Kumar, K. E. Naresh [PG Student, Dept of Computer Science and Engineering, KBNCE, Gulbarga, Karnataka (India); Waheed, Mohd. Abdul [Asst. Professor, Dept of Computer Science and Engineering, KBNCE, Gulbarga, Karnataka (India); Basappa, K. Kari [Professor, Dept of E and CE, Dayanand College of Engineering, Banglore, Karnataka (India)

2010-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

431

A low-bandwidth camera sensor platform with applications in smart camera networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Smart camera networks have recently emerged as a new class of sensor network infrastructure that is capable of supporting high-power in-network signal processing and enabling a wide range of applications. In this article, we provide an exposition of ... Keywords: Camera Sensor Architecture, Wireless Sensor Networks

Phoebus Chen; Kirak Hong; Nikhil Naikal; S. Shankar Sastry; Doug Tygar; Posu Yan; Allen Y. Yang; Lung-Chung Chang; Leon Lin; Simon Wang; Edgar Lobatón; Songhwai Oh; Parvez Ahammad

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

KALwEN: a new practical and interoperable key management scheme for body sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Key management is the pillar of a security architecture. Body sensor networks (BSNs) pose several challenges–some inherited from wireless sensor networks (WSNs), some unique to themselves–that require a new key management scheme to be tailor-made. ... Keywords: body area networks, body sensor networks, healthcare, key management, security

Yee Wei Law; Giorgi Moniava; Zheng Gong; Pieter Hartel; Marimuthu Palaniswami

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

QuARES: Quality-aware data collection in energy harvesting sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Renewable energy technology has become a promising solution to reduce energy concerns due to limited battery in wireless sensor networks. While this enables us to prolong the lifetime of a sensor network (perpetually), unstable environmental energy sources ... Keywords: Responsphere, quality-aware renewable energy system, QuARES, adaptive energy harvesting management framework, data collection, energy harvesting sensor networks, wireless sensor networks, offline stage, energy budget, time slots, online stage, time-varying energy harvesting profile, QualNet network simulator

Nga Dang; E. Bozorgzadeh; N. Venkatasubramanian

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

CargoNet: a low-cost micropower sensor node exploiting quasi-passive wakeup for adaptive asychronous monitoring of exceptional events  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes CargoNet, a system of low-cost, micropower active sensor tags that seeks to bridge the current gap between wireless sensor networks and radio-frequency identification (RFID). CargoNet was aimed at applications in environmental monitoring ... Keywords: active RFID, micropower sensing, power management

Mateusz Malinowski; Matthew Moskwa; Mark Feldmeier; Mathew Laibowitz; Joseph A. Paradiso

2007-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

The Community Environmental Monitoring Program in the 21st Century: The Evolution of a Monitoring Network  

SciTech Connect

This paper focuses on the evolution of the various operational aspects of the Community Environmental Monitoring Program (CEMP) network following the transfer of program administration from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to the Desert Research Institute (DRI) of the Nevada System of Higher Education in 1999-2000. The CEMP consists of a network of 29 fixed radiation and weather monitoring stations located in Nevada, Utah, and California. Its mission is to involve stakeholders directly in monitoring for airborne radiological releases to the off site environment as a result of past or ongoing activities on the Nevada Test Site (NTS) and to make data as transparent and accessible to the general public as feasible. At its inception in 1981, the CEMP was a cooperative project of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), DRI, and EPA. In 1999-2000, technical administration of the CEMP transitioned from EPA to DRI. Concurrent with and subsequent to this transition, station and program operations underwent significant enhancements that furthered the mission of the program. These enhancements included the addition of a full suite of meteorological instrumentation, state-of-the-art electronic data collectors, on-site displays, and communications hardware. A public website was developed. Finally, the DRI developed a mobile monitoring station that can be operated entirely on solar power in conjunction with a deep-cell battery, and includes all meteorological sensors and a pressurized ion chamber for detecting background gamma radiation. Final station configurations have resulted in the creation of a platform that is well suited for use as an in-field multi-environment test-bed for prototype environmental sensors and in interfacing with other scientific and educational programs. Recent and near-future collaborators have included federal, state, and local agencies in both the government and private sectors. The CEMP also serves as a model for other programs wishing to involve stakeholders with a meaningful role in the process of monitoring and data collection.

Hartwell, W.T.; Tappen, J.; Karr, L.

2007-01-19T23:59:59.000Z

436

Energy Management in Wireless Sensor Networks with Energy-hungry Sensors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In recent years, the number of wireless sensor network deployments for real life applications has rapidly increased. Still, the energy problem remains one of the major barrier somehow preventing the complete exploitation of this technology. Sensor nodes are typically powered by batteries with a limited lifetime and, even when additional energy can be harvested from the external environment (e.g., through solar cells or piezo-electric mechanisms), it remains a limited resource to be consumed judiciously. Efficient energy management is thus a key requirement for a credible design of a wireless sensor network. Most energy management strategies proposed in the literature assume that data acquisition consumes significantly less energy than their transmission. Unfortunately, this assumption does not hold in a number of practical applications where the power consumption of the sensing activity may be comparable or even greater than that of the radio. In this context, effective energy management strategies should include policies for an efficient use of energy-hungry sensors, which become one of the main components affecting the network lifetime. In this paper, we survey the main approaches for efficient energy management in sensor networks with energy-hungry sensors.

Cesara Alippi; Mario Di Francesco; Manuel Roveri; Mario Di Francesco

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

Analysis and monitoring design for networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The idea of applying experimental design methodologies to develop monitoring systems for computer networks is relatively novel even though it was applied in other areas such as meteorology, seismology, and transportation. One objective of a monitoring system should always be to collect as little data as necessary to be able to monitor specific parameters of the system with respect to assigned targets and objectives. This implies a purposeful monitoring where each piece of data has a reason to be collected and stored for future use. When a computer network system as large and complex as the Internet is the monitoring subject, providing an optimal and parsimonious observing system becomes even more important. Many data collection decisions must be made by the developers of a monitoring system. These decisions include but are not limited to the following: (1) The type data collection hardware and software instruments to be used; (2) How to minimize interruption of regular network activities during data collection; (3) Quantification of the objectives and the formulation of optimality criteria; (4) The placement of data collection hardware and software devices; (5) The amount of data to be collected in a given time period, how large a subset of the available data to collect during the period, the length of the period, and the frequency of data collection; (6) The determination of the data to be collected (for instance, selection of response and explanatory variables); (7) Which data will be retained and how long (i.e., data storage and retention issues); and (8) The cost analysis of experiments. Mathematical statistics, and, in particular, optimal experimental design methods, may be used to address the majority of problems generated by 3--7. In this study, the authors focus their efforts on topics 3--5.

Fedorov, V.; Flanagan, D.; Rowan, T.; Batsell, S.

1998-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

Achieving Comfort and Saving Energy with Sensor Networks in Buildings  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Achieving Comfort and Saving Energy with Sensor Networks in Buildings Achieving Comfort and Saving Energy with Sensor Networks in Buildings Speaker(s): Danni Wang Date: July 7, 2005 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 One of the fundamental objectives of an HVAC (heating, ventilation, air-conditioning) system is to create comfortable environments for occupants. The rule of thumb in building operation is the more energy a building consumes, the more comfortable it becomes. Saving energy and achieving comfort seem to conflict with each other. This might be true. However, are there opportunities to achieve both desires? In this talk, I will present a few case studies which demonstrate how we might both achieve comfort and save energy by using sensor networks in buildings. I will first report the latest thermal comfort survey results from around 150 commercial

439

Modeling overall energy consumption in Wireless Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Minimizing the energy consumption of a wireless sensor network application is crucial for effective realization of the intended application in terms of cost, lifetime, and functionality. However, the minimizing task is hardly possible as no overall energy cost function is available for optimization. Optimizing a specific component of the total energy cost does not help in reducing the total energy cost as this reduction may be negated by an increase in the energy consumption of other components of the application. Recently we proposed Hierarchy Energy Driven Architecture as a robust architecture that takes into account all principal energy constituents of wireless sensor network applications. Based on the proposed architecture, this paper presents a single overall model and proposes a feasible formulation to express the overall energy consumption of a generic wireless sensor network application in terms of its energy constituents. The formulation offers a concrete expression for evaluating the performance of ...

Kamyabpour, Najmeh

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

Basic Tradeoffs for Energy Management in Rechargeable Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

As many sensor network applications require deployment in remote and hard-to-reach areas, it is critical to ensure that such networks are capable of operating unattended for long durations. Consequently, the concept of using nodes with energy replenishment capabilities has been gaining popularity. However, new techniques and protocols must be developed to maximize the performance of sensor networks with energy replenishment. Here, we analyze limits of the performance of sensor nodes with limited energy, being replenished at a variable rate. We provide a simple localized energy management scheme that achieves a performance close to that with an unlimited energy source, and at the same time keeps the probability of complete battery discharge low. Based on the insights developed, we address the problem of energy management for energy-replenishing nodes with finite battery and finite data buffer capacities. To this end, we give an energy management scheme that achieves the optimal utility asymptotically while kee...

Srivastava, Rahul

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "monitoring sensor network" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Reconfigurable middleware architectures for large scale sensor networks  

SciTech Connect

Wireless sensor networks, in an e#11;ffort to be energy efficient, typically lack the high-level abstractions of advanced programming languages. Though strong, the dichotomy between these two paradigms can be overcome. The SENSIX software framework, described in this dissertation, uniquely integrates constraint-dominated wireless sensor networks with the flexibility of object-oriented programming models, without violating the principles of either. Though these two computing paradigms are contradictory in many ways, SENSIX bridges them to yield a dynamic middleware abstraction unifying low-level resource-aware task recon#12;figuration and high-level object recomposition.

Brennan, Sean M.

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Wireless Sensor Networks for Underwater Localization: A Survey  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Autonomous Underwater Vehicles (AUVs) have widely deployed in marine investigation and ocean exploration in recent years. As the fundamental information, their position information is not only for data validity but also for many real-world applications. Therefore, it is critical for the AUV to have the underwater localization capability. This report is mainly devoted to outline the recent advancement of Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN) based underwater localization. Several classic architectures designed for Underwater Acoustic Sensor Network (UASN) are briefly introduced. Acoustic propagation and channel models are described and several ranging techniques are then explained. Many state-of-the-art underwater localization algorithms are introduced, followed by the outline of some

Sen Wang; Huosheng Hu

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

A Reputation Model Based on Behavior Trust in Wireless Sensor Networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Trust management has an important significance on the reliable operation and safety guarantee in Wireless Sensor Networks(WSNs). Previous works were implemented by exchanging key among neighboring sensors. Considering that in many cases, the sensor nodes’ ...

Ming-Zheng Zhou; Yi Zhang; Jun Wang; Sen-Yan Zhao

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Characterization, monitoring, and sensor technology crosscutting program: Technology summary  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The purpose of the Characterization, Monitoring, and Sensor Technology Crosscutting Program (CMST-CP) is to deliver appropriate characterization, monitoring, and sensor technology (CMST) to the Office of Waste Management (EM-30), the Office of Environmental Restoration (EM-40), and the Office of Facility Transition and Management (EM-60). The technology development must also be cost effective and appropriate to EM-30/40/60 needs. Furthermore, the required technologies must be delivered and implemented when needed. Accordingly, and to ensure that available DOE and other national resources are focused an the most pressing needs, management of the technology development is concentrated on the following Focus Areas: Contaminant Plume Containment and Remediation (PFA); Landfill Stabilization (LSFA); High-Level Waste Tank Remediation (TFA); Mixed Waste Characterization, Treatment, and Disposal (MWFA); and Facility Deactivation, Decommissioning, and Material Disposition (FDDMDFA). Brief descriptions of CMST-CP projects funded in FY95 are presented.

NONE

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Development and Demonstration of New Condition Monitoring Sensors and Techniques  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Condition monitoring, proper diagnostics and accurate interpretation can help to reduce the rate of aging of power transformers and provide a means for the assessment of the overall integrity of this asset, with minimum risk of sudden failure. This technical update presents details of the progress of EPRI research in the development and demonstration of sensors and techniques for diagnostic and condition assessment of power transformers.

2009-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

446

Intrusion detection and monitoring for wireless networks.  

SciTech Connect

Wireless computer networks are increasing exponentially around the world. They are being implemented in both the unlicensed radio frequency (RF) spectrum (IEEE 802.11a/b/g) and the licensed spectrum (e.g., Firetide [1] and Motorola Canopy [2]). Wireless networks operating in the unlicensed spectrum are by far the most popular wireless computer networks in existence. The open (i.e., proprietary) nature of the IEEE 802.11 protocols and the availability of ''free'' RF spectrum have encouraged many producers of enterprise and common off-the-shelf (COTS) computer networking equipment to jump into the wireless arena. Competition between these companies has driven down the price of 802.11 wireless networking equipment and has improved user experiences with such equipment. The end result has been an increased adoption of the equipment by businesses and consumers, the establishment of the Wi-Fi Alliance [3], and widespread use of the Alliance's ''Wi-Fi'' moniker to describe these networks. Consumers use 802.11 equipment at home to reduce the burden of running wires in existing construction, facilitate the sharing of broadband Internet services with roommates or neighbors, and increase their range of ''connectedness''. Private businesses and government entities (at all levels) are deploying wireless networks to reduce wiring costs, increase employee mobility, enable non-employees to access the Internet, and create an added revenue stream to their existing business models (coffee houses, airports, hotels, etc.). Municipalities (Philadelphia; San Francisco; Grand Haven, MI) are deploying wireless networks so they can bring broadband Internet access to places lacking such access; offer limited-speed broadband access to impoverished communities; offer broadband in places, such as marinas and state parks, that are passed over by traditional broadband providers; and provide themselves with higher quality, more complete network coverage for use by emergency responders and other municipal agencies. In short, these Wi-Fi networks are being deployed everywhere. Much thought has been and is being put into evaluating cost-benefit analyses of wired vs. wireless networks and issues such as how to effectively cover an office building or municipality, how to efficiently manage a large network of wireless access points (APs), and how to save money by replacing an Internet service provider (ISP) with 802.11 technology. In comparison, very little thought and money are being focused on wireless security and monitoring for security purposes.

Thomas, Eric D.; Van Randwyk, Jamie A.; Lee, Erik J.; Stephano, Amanda (Indiana University); Tabriz, Parisa (University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign); Pelon, Kristen (Cedarville University); McCoy, Damon (University of Colorado, Boulder); Lodato, Mark (Lafayette College); Hemingway, Franklin (University of New Mexico); Custer, Ryan P.; Averin, Dimitry (Polytechnic University); Franklin, Jason (Carnegie Mellon University); Kilman, Dominique Marie

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Communication protocols for underwater data collection using a robotic sensor network  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We examine the problem of collecting data from an underwater sensor network using an autonomous underwater vehicle (AUV). The sensors in the network are equipped with acoustic modems that provide noisy, range-limited ...

Singh, Hanumant

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Fault Detection in Distributed Climate Sensor Networks using Dynamic Bayesian Networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Atmospheric Radiation Measurement program operated by U.S. Department of Energy is one of the largest climate research programs dedicated to the collection of long-term continuous measurements of cloud properties and other key components of the earth’s climate system. Given the critical role that collected ARM data plays in the analysis of atmospheric processes and conditions and in the enhancement and evaluation of global climate models, the production and distribution of high-quality data is one of ARM’s primary mission objectives. Fault detection in ARM’s distributed sensor network is one critical ingredient towards maintaining high quality and useful data. We are modeling ARM’s distributed sensor network as a dynamic Bayesian network where key measurements are mapped to Bayesian network variables. We then define the conditional dependencies between variables by discovering highly correlated variable pairs from historical data. The resultant dynamic Bayesian network provides an automated approach to identifying whether certain sensors are malfunctioning or failing in the distributed sensor network. A potential fault or failure is detected when an observed measurement is not consistent with its expected measurement and the observed measurements of other related sensors in the Bayesian network. We present some of our experiences and promising results with the fault detection dynamic Bayesian network.

Chin, George; Choudhury, Sutanay; Kangas, Lars J.; McFarlane, Sally A.; Marquez, Andres

2010-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

449

Towards robustness and energy efficiency of cut detection in wireless sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Reliable, full network connectivity in wireless sensor networks (WSN) is difficult to maintain. Awareness of the state of network connectivity is similarly challenging. Harsh, unattended, low-security environments and resource-constrained nodes exacerbate ... Keywords: Network cut detection, Topology control, Wireless sensor networks

Myounggyu Won; Stephen M. George; Radu Stoleru

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

An energy efficient clustering protocol for routing in Wireless Sensor Network  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In Wireless Sensor Network (WSN), the power supply is generally a non-renewable battery, consequently, energy effectiveness is a crucial factor. To maximise the battery life and therefore the duration of network service, a robust wireless ... Keywords: WSNs, battery life, dynamic clustering, energy efficiency, energy efficient clustering, network lifetime, simulation, wireless communications, wireless networks, wireless sensor networks

Ouadoudi Zytoune; Mohamed El Aroussi; Driss Aboutajdine

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

IDRA: A flexible system architecture for next generation wireless sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Wireless sensor networks consist of embedded devices (sensor nodes), equipped with a low-power radio. They are used for many applications: from wireless building automation to e-health applications. However, due to the limited capabilities of sensor ... Keywords: Architecture, Energy efficiency, Experimental evaluation, Heterogeneity, Mobility, Protocol selection, QoS, Wireless sensor networks

Eli De Poorter; Evy Troubleyn; Ingrid Moerman; Piet Demeester

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

A zone-based clustering method for ubiquitous robots based on wireless sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we propose a topology configuration method for wireless sensor networks with an objective of well balancing energy consumption over all sensor nodes without generating any isolated sensor nodes. Our scheme has some attractive features: ... Keywords: clustering, routing, ubiquitous robots, wireless sensor network

Kyungmi Kim; Hyunsook Kim; Young Choi; Sukgyu Lee; Kijun Han

2006-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

SeRLoc: secure range-independent localization for wireless sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In many applications of wireless sensor networks (WSN), sensors are deployed un-tethered in hostile environments. For location-aware WSN applications, it is essential to ensure that sensors can determine their location, even in the presence of malicious ... Keywords: range-independent, secure localization, wireless sensor networks

Loukas Lazos; Radha Poovendran

2004-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

Intelligent Software Agents for Enhancing Sensor Networks ...  

inventory status, delivery status, commerce applications, national security, logistics Patent James J. Kulesz and Ronald W. Lee. Method and System for Monitoring ...

455

Routing algorithms for large scale wireless sensor networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Routing in sensor networks is a challenging issue due to inherent constraints such as power, memory, and CPU processing capabilities. In this thesis, we assume an All to All communication mode in an N × N grid sensor network. We explore routing algorithms which load balance the network without compromising the shortest paths constrain. We analyzed the Servetto method and studied two routing strategies, namely Horizontal-Vertical routing and Zigzag routing. The problem is divided into two scenarios, one being the static case (without failed nodes), and the other being the dynamic case (with failed nodes). In static network case, we derived mathematical formulae representing the maximum and minimum loads on a sensor grid, when specific routing strategies are employed. We show improvement in performance in load balancing of the grid by using Horizontal-Vertical method instead of the existing Servetto method. In the dynamic network scenario, we compare the performance of routing strategies with respect to probability of failure of nodes in the grid network. We derived the formulae for the success-ratio, in specific strategies, when nodes fail with a probability of p in a predefined source-destination pair communication. We show that the Servetto method does not perform well in both scenarios. In addition, Hybrid strategy proposed does not perform well compared to the studied strategies. We support the derived formulae and the performance of the routing strategies with extensive simulations.

Nittala Venkata, Lakshmana Prasanth

2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

EACLE: Energy-Aware Clustering Scheme with Transmission Power Control for Sensor Networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we propose a new energy efficient clustering scheme with transmission power control named "EACLE" (Energy-Aware CLustering scheme with transmission power control for sEnsor networks) for wireless sensor networks, which are composed of ... Keywords: clustering, energy efficiency, transmission power control, wireless sensor network

Kentaro Yanagihara; Jumpei Taketsugu; Kiyoshi Fukui; Shigeru Fukunaga; Shinsuke Hara; Ken-Ichi Kitayama

2007-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

A new approach for integrated coverage and connectivity in wireless sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An effective approach for energy conservation in wireless sensor networks is scheduling sleep intervals for extraneous nodes while the remaining nodes stay active to provide continuous service. For the sensor network to operates successfully, the active ... Keywords: Connectivity, Coverage, Deployment, Sensor network

Seyed Hossein Khasteh; Saeed Bagheri Shouraki; Nima Hajiabdorahim; Ehsan Dadashnialehi

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

The impact of a realistic packet traffic model on the performance of surveillance wireless sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It is quite common to see that classical periodic or Poisson packet traffic models are used for evaluating the performance of wireless sensor networks (WSNs). However, these models may not be appropriate for modeling the data traffic resulting from a ... Keywords: Intrusion detection applications, Packet traffic model, Surveillance sensor networks, Wireless sensor networks

Ilker Demirkol; Cem Ersoy; Fatih Alagöz; Hakan Deliç

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

PowerTOSSIM z: realistic energy modelling for wireless sensor network environments  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Energy continues to be the key constraint in wireless sensor networks. We review existing methods for estimating software power consumption and battery modelling, as applied to embedded systems such as Wireless Sensor Networks. We consider current developments ... Keywords: MICAz, PowerTOSSIM, TOSSIM, TinyOS 2, energy model, non-linear battery model, wireless sensor networks

Enrico Perla; Art Ó Catháin; Ricardo Simon Carbajo; Meriel Huggard; Ciarán Mc Goldrick

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Quantifying the channel quality for interference-aware wireless sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Reliability of communications is key to expand application domains for sensor networks. Since Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN) operate in the license-free Industrial Scientific and Medical (ISM) bands and hence share the spectrum with other wireless technologies, ... Keywords: ISM bands, channel quality, dynamic resource adaptation, interference, wireless sensor networks

Claro Noda; Shashi Prabh; Mário Alves; Carlo Alberto Boano; Thiemo Voigt

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "monitoring sensor network" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Using ant-based agents for congestion control in ad-hoc wireless sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Ad-hoc wireless sensor networks suffer from problems of congestion, which lead to packet loss and excessive energy consumption. In this paper, we address the issue of congestion in these networks. We propose a new routing protocol for wireless sensor ... Keywords: Ad hoc wireless sensor networks, Ant-based agents, Congestion control, Routing

Sanjay K. Dhurandher; Sudip Misra; Harsh Mittal; Anubhav Agarwal; Isaac Woungang

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

Achieving dependability in sensor networks through automated requirements-based programming  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A sensor network can be viewed as a distributed system consisting of many nodes (processes) that communicate and exchange data. Such a system, including an application running on top of the sensor network, is inherently difficult to model and validate. ... Keywords: Automatic code generation, Formal methods, Sensor networks

Michael G. Hinchey; James L. Rash; Christopher A. Rouff; Denis Gra?anin

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

QoS and energy aware routing for real-time traffic in wireless sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Wireless sensor networks are being built to facilitate automated information gathering in military, industrial, environmental and surveillance applications. Many such applications of Sensor Networks require improved QoS (packet delivery within a defined ... Keywords: QoS routing, Real-Time communication, Sensor networks

Abinash Mahapatra; Kumar Anand; Dharma P. Agrawal

2006-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Optimizing lifetime for continuous data aggregation with precision guarantees in wireless sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper exploits the tradeoff between data quality and energy consumption to extend the lifetime of wireless sensor networks. To obtain an aggregate form of sensor data with precision guarantees, the precision constraint is partitioned and allocated ... Keywords: data accuracy, data aggregation, energy efficiency, network lifetime, sensor network

Xueyan Tang; Jianliang Xu

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

Integration of false data detection with data aggregation and confidential transmission in wireless sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In wireless sensor networks, compromised sensor nodes can inject false data during both data aggregation and data forwarding. The existing false data detection techniques consider false data injections during data forwarding only and do not allow any ... Keywords: data aggregation, data integrity, network-level security, sensor networks

Suat Ozdemir; Hasan Çam

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

PIP: A multichannel, TDMA-based MAC for efficient and scalable bulk transfer in sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this article, we consider the goal of achieving high throughput in a wireless sensor network. Our work is set in the context of those wireless sensor network applications which collect and transfer bulk data. We present PIP (Packets in Pipe), a MAC ... Keywords: Bulk data transfer, MAC, TDMA, pipelining, throughput optimization, wireless sensor network applications

Vijay Gabale; Kameswari Chebrolu; Bhaskaran Raman; Sagar Bijwe

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

Blind Adaptive Weighted Aggregation Scheme for Event Detection in Multihop Wireless Sensor Networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The problem of decision fusion for event detection in Wireless Sensor Networks is the prime focus of this paper. Our proposed algorithm focuses on single hop (star) and multihop (tree) topologies, which are commonly deployed wireless sensor network topologies. ... Keywords: Adaptive aggregation, Distributed detection, Sensor network

Bhushan G. Jagyasi; Deepthi Chander; U. B. Desai; S. N. Merchant; Bikash K. Dey

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Multi-Level TESLA: Broadcast Authentication for Distributed Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Multi-Level µTESLA: Broadcast Authentication for Distributed Sensor Networks DONGGANG LIU and PENG named multi-level µTESLA based on µTESLA, a broadcast authentication protocol whose scalability is limited by its unicast-based initial parameter distribution. Multi-level µTESLA satisfies several nice

Ning, Peng

469

Hybrid Inference for Sensor Network Localization using a Mobile Robot  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hybrid Inference for Sensor Network Localization using a Mobile Robot Dimitri Marinakis, CIM, McGill University dmarinak@cim.mcgill.ca David Meger, University of British Columbia dpmeger@cs.ubc.ca Ioannis Rekleitis, Canadian Space Agency yiannis@cim.mcgill.ca Gregory Dudek CIM, McGill University dudek@cim

Dudek, Gregory

470

Protecting the sink location privacy in wireless sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Wireless sensor networks (WSNs) are widely deployed to collect data in military and civilian applications today. Due to the open nature of a WSN, it is relatively easy for an adversary to eavesdrop and trace packets in order to capture the receiver. ... Keywords: Location privacy, Receiver, Sink, WSN

Lin Yao, Lin Kang, Pengfei Shang, Guowei Wu

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

Adapting dynamically neighbourhood table entry lifetime in wireless sensor networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-Kassem$ and Nathalie Mitton $ Universit´e de Lyon, INRIA, INSA-Lyon, CITI, INRIA Lille-Nord Europe, Univ. Lille 1 (e.g. seaport operations and goods movements), nuclear reactor control, fire detection, land slide of each other. The initial state in a sensor network is a collection of nodes that are unaware of each

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

472

Energy Balancing Intrusion Detection System in Wireless Sensor Network  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

wireless sensor network (WSN) is vulnerable to a wide range of attacks due to deployment in the hostile ervironment and having limited resources. The security of WSN becomes a very important issue with the rapid development of WSN. Instrusion detection ... Keywords: WSN, Energy-effiency, Clustering, IDS

Chunyan Peng; Bing Liu

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

Underwater Sensor Networking: Research Challenges and Potential Applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Underwater Sensor Networking: Research Challenges and Potential Applications USC/ISI Technical, and underwater robotics. We identify research directions in short-range acoustic communications, MAC, time in applications today on the ground, underwater operations remain quite limited by comparison. Remotely controlled

Heidemann, John

474

Experimental analysis and characterization of a wireless sensor network environment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Existing testbeds, even though rare and specialized, are not often exploited to their full potential. Data collected during experimentation are usually used to evaluate some specific tested aspect. To further benefit from the knowledge gathered on a ... Keywords: characterization, statistical analysis, testbeds, wireless sensor networks

Bogdan Pavkovic; Fabrice Theoleyre; Dominique Barthel; Andrzej Duda

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

Combinatorial structures for design of wireless sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Combinatorial designs are very effective tools for managing keys in an infrastructure where power and memory are two major constraints. None of the present day wireless technologies takes the advantage of combinatorial designs. In this paper, we have ... Keywords: combinatorial design, key predistribution, projective plane, sensor network, transversal design

Dibyendu Chakrabarti; Jennifer Seberry

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

A case for centrally controlled wireless sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this article we present the Intelligent, Manageable, Power-Efficient and Reliable Internetworking Architecture (IMPERIA), a centrally managed architecture for large-scale wireless sensor networks (WSNs). We discuss the advantages of a centralized ... Keywords: Centrally managed, Clustering, MQTT-S, Scheduling, WSN

Urs Hunkeler, Clemens Lombriser, Hong Linh Truong, Beat Weiss

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

Solar-aware Routing in Wireless Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Solar-aware Routing in Wireless Sensor Networks Thiemo Voigt, Hartmut Ritter and Jochen Schiller energy sources such as solar power may provide unlimited energy resources to a changing subset these nodes is appealing. In this paper, we present solar-aware routing, a rout- ing protocol for wireless

478

A Survey on Localization for Mobile Wireless Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Koutsoukos Institute for Software Integrated Systems (ISIS) Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer focus on mobile sensor networks, and we have even seen the development of small-profile sensing devices as having several challenges that needed to be overcome, including connectivity, coverage, and energy

Koutsoukos, Xenofon D.

479

Short-Term Solar Energy Forecasting Using Wireless Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Short-Term Solar Energy Forecasting Using Wireless Sensor Networks Stefan Achleitner, Tao Liu in power output is a major concern and forecasting is, therefore, a top priority. We propose a sensing infrastructure to enable sensing of solar irradiance with application to solar array output forecasting

Cerpa, Alberto E.

480

Decentralized control of adaptive sampling in wireless sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The efficient allocation of the limited energy resources of a wireless sensor network in a way that maximizes the information value of the data collected is a significant research challenge. Within this context, this article concentrates on adaptive ... Keywords: Adaptive sampling algorithm, Gaussian process regression, decentralized decision mechanism, information metric

Johnsen Kho; Alex Rogers; Nicholas R. Jennings

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "monitoring sensor network" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

INTELLIGENT MONITORING SYSTEM WITH HIGH TEMPERATURE DISTRIBUTED FIBEROPTIC SENSOR FOR POWER PLANT COMBUSTION PROCESSES  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The objective of the proposed work is to develop an intelligent distributed fiber optical sensor system for real-time monitoring of high temperature in a boiler furnace in power plants. Of particular interest is the estimation of spatial and temporal distributions of high temperatures within a boiler furnace, which will be essential in assessing and controlling the mechanisms that form and remove pollutants at the source, such as NOx. The basic approach in developing the proposed sensor system is three fold: (1) development of high temperature distributed fiber optical sensor capable of measuring temperatures greater than 2000 C degree with spatial resolution of less than 1 cm; (2) development of distributed parameter system (DPS) models to map the three-dimensional (3D) temperature distribution for the furnace; and (3) development of an intelligent monitoring system for real-time monitoring of the 3D boiler temperature distribution. Under Task 1, improvement was made on the performance of in-fiber grating fabricated in single crystal sapphire fibers, test was performed on the grating performance of single crystal sapphire fiber with new fabrication methods, and the fabricated grating was applied to high temperature sensor. Under Task 2, models obtained from 3-D modeling of the Demonstration Boiler were used to study relationships between temperature and NOx, as the multi-dimensionality of such systems are most comparable with real-life boiler systems. Studies show that in boiler systems with no swirl, the distributed temperature sensor may provide information sufficient to predict trends of NOx at the boiler exit. Under Task 3, we investigate a mathematical approach to extrapolation of the temperature distribution within a power plant boiler facility, using a combination of a modified neural network architecture and semigroup theory. The 3D temperature data is furnished by the Penn State Energy Institute using FLUENT. Given a set of empirical data with no analytic expression, we first develop an analytic description and then extend that model along a single axis.

Kwang Y. Lee; Stuart S. Yin; Andre Boheman

2004-12-26T23:59:59.000Z

482

Multi-sensor activation for temporally correlated event monitoring with renewable energy sources  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Future sensor networks would comprise sensing devices with energy-harvesting capabilities from renewable energy sources, such as solar power. This paper focuses on design of efficient algorithms for multi-sensor activation to optimise overall ...

Neeraj Jaggi; Koushik Kar

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

Fixing Data Anomalies with Prediction Based Algorithm in Wireless Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Data inconsistencies are present in the data collected over a large wireless sensor network (WSN), usually deployed for any kind of monitoring applications. Before passing this data to some WSN applications for decision making, it is necessary to ensure that the data received are clean and accurate. In this paper, we have used a statistical tool to examine the past data to fit in a highly sophisticated prediction model i.e., ARIMA for a given sensor node and with this, the model corrects the data using forecast value if any data anomaly exists there. Another scheme is also proposed for detecting data anomaly at sink among the aggregated data in the data are received from a particular sensor node. The effectiveness of our methods are validated by data collected over a real WSN application consisting of Crossbow IRIS Motes \\cite{Crossbow:2009}.

Singh, Abhishek Kr; Mandal, Partha Sarathi

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

Event detection in sensor networks for modern oil fields  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We report the experience of implementing event detection analytics to monitor and forewarn oil production failures in modern, digitized oil fields. Modern oil fields are equipped with thousands of sensors and gauges to measure various physical and chemical ... Keywords: digital oil field, event warning, gas, industry, near real time analytics, oil, petroleum, surveillance

Matthew Hill; Murray Campbell; Yuan-Chi Chang; Vijay Iyengar

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

Decentralized event-triggered control over wireless sensor/actuator networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In recent years we have witnessed a move of the major industrial automation providers into the wireless domain. While most of these companies already offer wireless products for measurement and monitoring purposes, the ultimate goal is to be able to close feedback loops over wireless networks interconnecting sensors, computation devices, and actuators. In this paper we present a decentralized event-triggered implementation, over sensor/actuator networks, of centralized nonlinear controllers. Event-triggered control has been recently proposed as an alternative to the more traditional periodic execution of control tasks. In a typical event-triggered implementation, the control signals are kept constant until the violation of a condition on the state of the plant triggers the re-computation of the control signals. The possibility of reducing the number of re-computations, and thus of transmissions, while guaranteeing desired levels of performance makes event-triggered control very appealing in the context of sen...

Mazo, Manuel

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

Energy Efficient Security Architecture for Wireless BioMedical Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Latest developments in VLSI, wireless communications, and biomedical sensing devices allow very small, lightweight, low power, intelligent sensing devices called biosensors. A set of these devices can be integrated into a Wireless Biomedical Sensor Network (WBSN), a new breakthrough technology used in telemedicine for monitoring the physiological condition of an individual. The biosensor nodes in WBSN has got resource limitations in terms of battery lifetime, CPU processing capability, and memory capacity. Replacement or recharging of batteries on thousands of biosensor nodes is quiet difficult or too costly. So, a key challenge in wireless biomedical sensor networks is the reduction of energy and memory consumption. Considering, the sensitivity of information in WBSN, we must provide security and patient privacy, as it is an important issue in the design of such systems. Hence this paper proposes an energy efficient security protocol for WBSN where security is provided to the physiological data, which is bei...

Mukesh, Rajeswari; Bharathi, V Subbiah

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

A retrofit 60 Hz current sensor for non-intrusive power monitoring at the circuit breaker  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a new sensor for power monitoring that measures current flow in a circuit breaker without permanent modification of the breaker panel or the circuit breaker itself. The sensor consists of three parts: an inductive ...

Clifford, Zachary

488

Clip-on wireless wearable microwave sensor for ambulatory cardiac monitoring  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a new type of non-contact sensor for use in ambulatory cardiac monitoring. The sensor operation is based on a microwave Doppler technique; however, instead of detecting the heart activity from a distance, the ...

Fletcher, Richard Ribon

489

On the interdependence of routing and data compression in multi-hop sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We consider a problem of broadcast communication in a multi-hop sensor network, in which samples of a random field are collected at each node of the network, and the goal is for all nodes to obtain an estimate of the entire field within a prescribed ... Keywords: cross-layer interactions, multi-hop networks, routing, sensor networks, source coding

Anna Scaglione; Sergio D. Servetto

2002-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

Relay node placement in structurally damaged wireless sensor networks via triangular steiner tree approximation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Wireless sensor networks (WSNs) have many applications which operate in hostile environments. Due to the harsh surroundings, WSNs may suffer from a large scale damage that causes many nodes to fail simultaneously and the network to get partitioned into ... Keywords: Fault-tolerance, Network segmentation, Relay node placement, Wireless sensor networks

Fatih Senel; Mohamed Younis

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

The DRL Underwater Sensor Network: Supporting Dual Communications, Sensing, and Mobility  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The DRL Underwater Sensor Network: Supporting Dual Communications, Sensing, and Mobility Iuliu Vasilescu, Carrick Detweiler and Daniela Rus We propose to demonstrate the underwater sensor network are anchored with weights and form a static underwater network. This network self-localizes a range based 3D

Farritor, Shane

492

Implications of link range and (In)stability on sensor network architecture  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this work, we consider sensor networks used for scientific instrumentation, where we have a set of nodes collecting data and relaying the same to a central base node. From the point of view of deploying such networks,we re-look at the design choices ... Keywords: 802.15.4 link range, link characteristics, network architecture, wireless sensor networks

Bhaskaran Raman; Kameswari Chebrolu; Naveen Madabhushi; Dattatraya Y. Gokhale; Phani K. Valiveti; Dheeraj Jain

2006-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

Study on Advanced Visualization Tools In Network Monitoring Platform  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Visualization tools have emerged as a critical component, especially in medical, education, engineering, military and environmental management. These fields have applied the visualization techniques to improve decision making and organization management ... Keywords: data visualization, network traffic visualization, network monitoring

Doris Wong Hooi Ten; Selvakumar Manickam; Sureswaran Ramadass; Hussein A. Al Bazar

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

An efficient scheme for data aggregation with star-graph hierarchical clustering structure in wireless sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Collecting state-based data from a network of sensors in large-scale deployment wireless sensor networks environment and aggregating those data through prominent sensors necessitate efficient organization of the network topology for the purpose of balancing ... Keywords: aggregation, pre-deployment, wireless sensor networks

Tung-Shih Su; Wen-Shyong Hsieh

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

495

Intelligent Monitoring System With High Temperature Distributed Fiberoptic Sensor For Power Plant Combustion Processes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The objective of the proposed work is to develop an intelligent distributed fiber optical sensor system for real-time monitoring of high temperature in a boiler furnace in power plants. Of particular interest is the estimation of spatial and temporal distributions of high temperatures within a boiler furnace, which will be essential in assessing and controlling the mechanisms that form and remove pollutants at the source, such as NOx. The basic approach in developing the proposed sensor system is three fold: (1) development of high temperature distributed fiber optical sensor capable of measuring temperatures greater than 2000 C degree with spatial resolution of less than 1 cm; (2) development of distributed parameter system (DPS) models to map the three-dimensional (3D) temperature distribution for the furnace; and (3) development of an intelligent monitoring system for real-time monitoring of the 3D boiler temperature distribution. Under Task 1, we set up a dedicated high power, ultrafast laser system for fabricating in-fiber gratings in harsh environment optical fibers, successfully fabricated gratings in single crystal sapphire fibers by the high power laser system, and developed highly sensitive long period gratings (lpg) by electric arc. Under Task 2, relevant mathematical modeling studies of NOx formation in practical combustors. Studies show that in boiler systems with no swirl, the distributed temperature sensor may provide information sufficient to predict trends of NOx at the boiler exit. Under Task 3, we investigate a mathematical approach to extrapolation of the temperature distribution within a power plant boiler facility, using a combination of a modified neural network architecture and semigroup theory. The 3D temperature data is furnished by the Penn State Energy Institute using FLUENT. Given a set of empirical data with no analytic expression, we first develop an analytic description and then extend that model along a single axis. Extrapolation capability was demonstrated for estimating enthalpy in a power plant.

Kwang Y. Lee; Stuart S. Yin; Andre Boheman

2005-12-26T23:59:59.000Z

496

Intelligent Monitoring System with High Temperature Distributed Fiberoptic Sensor for Power Plant Combustion Processes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The objective of the proposed work is to develop an intelligent distributed fiber optical sensor system for real-time monitoring of high temperature in a boiler furnace in power plants. Of particular interest is the estimation of spatial and temporal distributions of high temperatures within a boiler furnace, which will be essential in assessing and controlling the mechanisms that form and remove pollutants at the source, such as NOx. The basic approach in developing the proposed sensor system is three fold: (1) development of high temperature distributed fiber optical sensor capable of measuring temperatures greater than 2000 C degree with spatial resolution of less than 1 cm; (2) development of distributed parameter system (DPS) models to map the three-dimensional (3D) temperature distribution for the furnace; and (3) development of an intelligent monitoring system for real-time monitoring of the 3D boiler temperature distribution. Under Task 1, we have set up a dedicated high power, ultrafast laser system for fabricating in-fiber gratings in harsh environment optical fibers, successfully fabricated gratings in single crystal sapphire fibers by the high power laser system, and developed highly sensitive long period gratings (lpg) by electric arc. Under Task 2, relevant mathematical modeling studies of NOx formation in practical combustors have been completed. Studies show that in boiler systems with no swirl, the distributed temperature sensor may provide information sufficient to predict trends of NOx at the boiler exit. Under Task 3, we have investigated a mathematical approach to extrapolation of the temperature distribution within a power plant boiler facility, using a combination of a modified neural network architecture and semigroup theory. Given a set of empirical data with no analytic expression, we first developed an analytic description and then extended that model along a single axis.

Kwang Y. Lee; Stuart S. Yin; Andre Boehman

2006-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

497

Projects To Develop Novel Monitoring Networks for Advanced Power...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of performance, capacity, efficiency, and environmental controls from future generation facilities. Advanced condition-monitoring networks will play an essential role in helping...

498

An International Haze-Monitoring Network for Students  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Global Learning and Observations to Benefit the Environment (GLOBE) Program is an international network of schools in 71 countries that monitors up to 20 environmental parameters. Recently GLOBE added a haze-monitoring program to its ...

Forrest M. Mims III

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

Secure Position Verification for Wireless Sensor Networks in Noisy Channels  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Position verification in wireless sensor networks (WSNs) is quite tricky in presence of attackers (malicious sensor nodes), who try to break the verification protocol by reporting their incorrect positions (locations) during the verification stage. In the literature of WSNs, most of the existing methods of position verification have used trusted verifiers, which are in fact vulnerable to attacks by malicious nodes. They also depend on some distance estimation techniques, which are not accurate in noisy channels (mediums). In this article, we propose a secure position verification scheme for WSNs in noisy channels without relying on any trusted entities. Our verification scheme detects and filters out all malicious nodes from the network with very high probability.

Mandal, Partha Sarathi

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

500