Sample records for moksha mon-khmer languages

  1. Sun Moksha | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ < RAPID Jump to:Seadov Pty LtdSteen, Minnesota:36052°, -97.6114217° LoadingEnergy Group LLC Place:Moksha

  2. Moksha--design of disposable objects for second uses as construction components

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dutta, Projjal K. (Projjal Kumar)

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Moksha is the Sanskrit word for freedom from the cycle of rebirth. It is the goal of every living being. This thesis seeks a Moksha of the Machine Age. It attempts to explore the possibility of building value into "waste". ...

  3. Languages Undergraduate Languages Undergraduate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burton, Geoffrey R.

    in Language and Politics. In addition, International Management and Modern Languages (French, German at Bath are among the best in the UK (for example, 5th for French, 4th for German, and 8th for Russian renowned experts in their research fields · A broad-based approach, incorporating history, culture

  4. English Language Policy 1 English Language Policy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    University of Technology, Sydney

    English Language Policy 1 English Language Policy Abstract This policy sets out UTS's requirements their courses of study. Dates Policy or amendment approved Policy or amendment takes effect Policy is due for review (up to 5 years) 03/11/2010 22/11/2010 11/2015 Policy amendment approved 02/11/2011 Approved

  5. transformation languages Introduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nierstrasz, Oscar

    transformation languages Introduction Transformation languages are widely used for to process can I change / transform the design of a certain task without changing it's logic The common/and hierarchical or/and abstract set of information. It can even be a stream of data. · The transformation engine

  6. Amorphous Medium Language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beal, Jacob

    Programming reliable behavior on a large mesh network composed of unreliable parts is difficult. Amorphous Medium Language addresses this problem by abstracting robustness and networking issues away from the programmer via ...

  7. Paraphrastic Language Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, X.; Gales, M. J. F.; Woodland, P. C.

    2014-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Paraphrastic Language Models X. Liu1, M. J. F. Gales & P. C. Woodland Cambridge University Engineering Department Trumpington Street, Cambridge CB2 1PZ, England Abstract Natural languages are known for their expressive richness. Many sentences can... . In section 7 a range of para- phrastic LMs are evaluated on two state-of-the-art speech recognition tasks for English conversational telephone speech and Chinese broadcast speech respectively. Section 8 is the conclusion and possible future work. 2...

  8. Analyzing the AIR Language: A Semantic Web (Production) Rule Language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Analyzing the AIR Language: A Semantic Web (Production) Rule Language Ankesh Khandelwal1 , Jie Bao1 02139 {lkagal, jacobi}@csail.mit.edu Abstract. The Accountability In RDF (AIR) language is an N3-based, Semantic Web production rule language that supports nested activation of rules, negation, closed world

  9. A report language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McKinney, Melvin Howard

    2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

    determine after using a printer spacing chart. The programmer is, however, given the option of explicitly specifying the print positions as might be required when a report is to be produced on a pre-printed form. 1. 2. The Need For The Lan ua e A survey... to the Lan ua e Section 2 contains a detailed description of the "EASYOUT" language snd Appendix A, two sample reports. The following example is included as a preliminary introduction to the language. Suppose the problem is to produce a report from cards...

  10. Creating a Cognitive Agent in a Virtual World: Planning, Navigation, and Natural Language Generation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hewlett, William

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Generation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Language Generation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Language Generation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

  11. Workshop on Composition Languages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schneider, Jean-Guy

    European Conference on Object-Oriented Programming #12;#12;Workshop on Composition Languages (WCL 2002 and Thomas Genssler Co-located with the 16th European Conference on Object-Oriented Programming #12;Copyright in Malaga, Spain on June 11, 2002. The workshop was affiliated with the 16th European Conference on Object

  12. Language acquisition and implication for language change: A computational model.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clark, Robert A J

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Computer modeling techniques, when applied to language acquisition problems, give an often unrealized insight into the diachronic change that occurs in language over successive generations. This paper shows that using ...

  13. Bosnian Croatian Serbian Language Program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eustice, Ryan

    Bosnian Croatian Serbian Language Program U M Department of Slavic Languages and Literatures In the past 10 years the program of Bosnian/Croatian/Serbian at U-M has constantly been expanding

  14. TOWARDS INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS FOR LANGUAGE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    ) developed by the International Standards Organization TC32 SC4, which is to serve as a basis for harmonizingChapter # TOWARDS INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS FOR LANGUAGE RESOURCES Nancy Ide and Laurent Romary-284" #12;2 Chapter # Language Engineering Standards (EAGLES) and the International Standard for Language

  15. Reading, Language, & The Brain: Research,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    socioeconomic groups, Economically disadvantaged children, English language learners, and students with Dyslexia speech-sound disorders and dyslexia. HTI serves to communicate this knowledge to the public through

  16. Paraphrastic language models and combination with neural network language models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, X.; Gales, M. J. F; Woodland, P. C.

    2014-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

    -gram models of nat- ural language. Computational Linguistics 18(4) pp.467-470. [3] G. Cao, J-Y Nie & J. Bai (2005). Integrating word relation- ships into language models, in Proc. ACM SIGIR2005, pp. 298-305, Salvador, Brazil. [4] Z. Dong & Q. Dong (2006). How...

  17. Language Maintenance And Language Renewal Among Cherokee People in Oklahoma

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brooks, Barbara J.

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    to forfeit culture and language. Today remnants of some Indian tribes are striving to find ways to maintain or renew their own languages. This paper explores some of the issues involved, and then focuses on efforts to maintain and renew Oklahoma Cherokee....

  18. Natural Language Processing Methods for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Natural Language Processing Methods for Automatic Illustration of Text Richard Johansson Licentiate of Language Technology #12;ISSN 1652-4691 Licentiate Thesis 4, 2006 LU-CS-LIC:2006-1 Thesis submitted for partial fulfilment of the degree of licentiate. Department of Computer Science Lund Institute

  19. Quantum Physics and Human Language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    James B. Hartle

    2006-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

    Human languages employ constructions that tacitly assume specific properties of the limited range of phenomena they evolved to describe. These assumed properties are true features of that limited context, but may not be general or precise properties of all the physical situations allowed by fundamental physics. In brief, human languages contain `excess baggage' that must be qualified, discarded, or otherwise reformed to give a clear account in the context of fundamental physics of even the everyday phenomena that the languages evolved to describe. The surest route to clarity is to express the constructions of human languages in the language of fundamental physical theory, not the other way around. These ideas are illustrated by an analysis of the verb `to happen' and the word `reality' in special relativity and the modern quantum mechanics of closed systems.

  20. CAMAC Command Language February 1993

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at San Diego, University of

    CAMAC Command Language Reference Manual February 1993 Software Version: MDS 5.2 VAX/VMS Version 4 Equipment Corporation: CDD DECnet VAX DATATRIEVE DECUS VAXcluster DEC MicroVAX VAX Information Architecture

  1. Natural Language Processing with Python

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Marc L.

    · Cambridge · Farnham · Köln · Sebastopol · Taipei · Tokyo #12;Natural Language Processing with Python Gravenstein Highway North, Sebastopol, CA 95472. O'Reilly books may be purchased for educational, business

  2. English Language and Study Skills

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liley, David

    English Language and Study Skills }2014 swinburne.edu.au Certificates #12;#12;Course information Bridging science }} Certificate IV in Science Campus: Hawthorn, Wantirna Duration: One year full

  3. English Language and Study Skills

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liley, David

    English Language and Study Skills }2015 swinburne.edu.au Certificates #12;#12;Course information Bridging science }} Certificate IV in Science Campus: Hawthorn, Wantirna Duration: One year full

  4. RESIDENTIAL PROGRAM FOR LANGUAGE LEARNING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Loudon, Catherine

    RESIDENTIAL PROGRAM FOR LANGUAGE LEARNING Live on-campus in 2014-15 and participate in a unique as part of a residential community in Arroyo Vista! Open to all undergraduate students with 2-3 years

  5. Structured Language Models for Statistical Machine Translation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eskenazi, Maxine

    Structured Language Models for Statistical Machine Translation Ying Zhang CMU-LTI-09-009 Language of Doctor of Philosophy In Language and Information Technologies © 2009, Ying Zhang #12;c Copyright Ying

  6. Cognitive biases and language universals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baronchelli, Andrea; Puglisi, Andrea

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Language universals have been longly attributed to an innate Universal Grammar. An alternative explanation states that linguistic universals emerged independently in every language in response to shared cognitive, though non language-specific, biases. A computational model has recently shown how this could be the case, focusing on the paradigmatic example of the universal properties of color naming patterns, and producing results in accurate agreement with the experimental data. Here we investigate thoroughly the role of a cognitive bias in the framework of this model. We study how, and to what extent, the structure of the bias can influence the corresponding linguistic universal patterns. We show also that the cultural history of a group of speakers introduces population-specific constraints that act against the uniforming pressure of the cognitive bias, and we clarify the interplay between these two forces. We believe that our simulations can help to shed light on the possible mechanisms at work in the evol...

  7. Sustainable Solutions for Endangered Languages Data: The Language Archive

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Drude, Sebastian

    2012-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

    of language in the natural environment by building annotated multi-media corpora, among other resources. A crucial point here is to ensure that the data are archived in a sustainable way they ought to be available and usable for years and decades to come...

  8. Paraphrastic Neural Network Language Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, X.; Gales, M. J. F.; Woodland, P. C.

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    PARAPHRASTIC NEURAL NETWORK LANGUAGE MODELS X. Liu, M. J. F. Gales & P. C. Woodland Cambridge University Engineering Dept, Trumpington St., Cambridge, CB2 1PZ U.K. Email: {xl207,mjfg,pcw}@eng.cam.ac.uk ABSTRACT Expressive richness in natural... Workshop on Artificial Intelligence and Statistics, Barbados, 2005, pp.246-252. [24] M. Mohri (1997). Finite-state transducers in language and speech processing, Computational Linguistics, 23:2, 1997. [25] J. Park, X. Liu, M. J. F. Gales and P. C...

  9. Designing Tangible Programming Languages for Classroom Use

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jacob, Robert J.K.

    . Author Keywords Tangible UIs, education, children, programming languages ACM Classification Keywords H5 This paper describes a new technique for implementing educational programming languages using tangible is that of tangible programming languages for education. A tangible programming language is similar to a text

  10. Kansas and Foreign Language Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1959-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    in addition to a modern language. All others taught in at least one additional subject. COllllllenting on the prohlem of school size, Dr . .James n. Conant ill his recent report on The Amef';ClI7I High School Todlly states: "The cnrollment of Illany...

  11. Command Language Interpreters February 1993

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at San Diego, University of

    MDS Command Language Interpreters Reference Manual February 1993 Software Version: MDS 5.2 VAX.S.A. The following are trademarks of Digitial Equipment Corporation: CDD DECnet VAX DATATRIEVE DECUS VAXcluster DEC MicroVAX VAX Information Architecture DEC/CMS MicroVMS VMS DEC/MMS Rdb/VMS VT IDL (Interactive Data

  12. Standards for language encoding: ISO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Erjavec, Toma?

    Standards for language encoding: ISO Tomaz Erjavec Dept. of Knowledge Technologies Jozef Stefan of International Standards, founded in 1947. A network of the national standards institutes of 162 countries. Somewhat problematic business model: standards are published on paper and have to be bought however, many

  13. Programming B. Wegbreit Languages Editor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parthasarathy, Madhusudan

    Programming B. Wegbreit Languages Editor Symbolic Execution and ProgramTesting James C. King IBM Thomas J. Watson Research Center This paper describes the symbolic execution of pro- grams. Instead. The execution proceeds as in a normal execution except that values may he symbolic formulas over the input

  14. TOWARDS INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS FOR LANGUAGE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ide, Nancy

    ) developed by the International Standards Organization TC32 SC4, which is to serve as a basis for harmonizing. It is in this context that a committee of the International Standards Organization (ISO), TC 37/SC 4Chapter # TOWARDS INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS FOR LANGUAGE RESOURCES Nancy Ide and Laurent Romary

  15. Language symptoms of developmental language disorders: An overview of autism, Down syndrome, fragile X, specific language impairment, and Williams syndrome

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rice, Mabel L.; Warren, Steven F.; Betz, S. K.

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Language deficits occur in a variety of developmental disorders including autism spectrum disorders. Down syndrome, fragile X syndrome, specific language impairment, and Williams syndrome. This paper describes the specific pattern of linguistic...

  16. Lagrangian relaxation for natural language decoding

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rush, Alexander M. (Alexander Matthew)

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The major success story of natural language processing over the last decade has been the development of high-accuracy statistical methods for a wide-range of language applications. The availability of large textual data ...

  17. Languages and Species: Threats and Global Patterns

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sutherland, William

    2009-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Both languages and species are threatened with extinction. This talk will compare patterns of cultural and biological diversity. The aims will be to compare the extinction risk of languages with other groups and then compare the patterns...

  18. Language, Ideology and Politics in Croatia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kapovi?, Mate

    2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Based in part on his recent book ?iji je jezik? (Who does Language Belong to?), the author reviews the intricate relation of language, ideology, and politics in Croatia in the last 20 years, including new examples and analyses. The article...

  19. www.sprachenzentrum.uzh.ch Language Center

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zürich, Universität

    of Zurich and ETH Zurich Rämistrasse 71 CH-8006 Zurich Phone +41 44 634 52 81 Fax +41 44 634 82 89 wwwwww.sprachenzentrum.uzh.ch Language Center University of Zurich Language Center of the University

  20. Adding structure to agent programming languages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zachmann, Gabriel

    Zachmann (Computer Graphics) #12;Adding structure to agent programming languages Peter Novák, Jürgen Dix

  1. Linguistic Alignment in Natural Language Generation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Halberg, Gabrielle Manya

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    that are instantiated at generation time. . . . . . . . .that are instantiated at generation time. . Illustration ofin Natural Language Generation by Gabrielle Halberg

  2. Robot Languages in the Eighties Giuseppina Gini

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gini, Giuseppina

    -purpose languages applied to robots and languages specifically designed for robotics. Criteria for making a choiceRobot Languages in the Eighties Giuseppina Gini Dept. of Electronics, Politecnico, Milan, Italy of general-purpose programming systems is rapidly changing; what are the consequences for robot programming

  3. Faculty of Humanities, Languages and Social Science

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Faculty of Humanities, Languages and Social Science Schools Outreach Programme The Faculty of Humanities, Languages and Social Science, are offering schools a wide range of outreach activity for students a new language, such as Chinese or Arabic. They can find out more about French cinema, Latin American

  4. Maps, languages, and manguages: Rival cognitive architectures?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stanford, Kyle

    Maps, languages, and manguages: Rival cognitive architectures? Kent Johnson Provided we agree about, section VII Map-like representations are frequently invoked as an alternative type of representational vehicle to a language of thought. This view presupposes that map-systems and languages form legitimate

  5. Advanced Topics in Types and Programming Languages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pitts, Andrew

    Advanced Topics in Types and Programming Languages Benjamin C. Pierce, editor The MIT Press Advanced Topics in Types and programming languages / Benjamin C. Pierce, editor p. cm. Includes bibliographical references and index. ISBN 0-262-16228-8 (hc.: alk. paper) 1. Programming languages (Electronic

  6. CHARTER ON LANGUAGE POLICY AND LANGUAGE RIGHTS INTHE CREOLE-SPEAKING CARIBBEAN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berdichevsky, Victor

    CHARTER ON LANGUAGE POLICY AND LANGUAGE RIGHTS INTHE CREOLE-SPEAKING CARIBBEAN Kingston, Jamaica-Speaking Caribbean January 2011 PREAMBLE The Creole-speaking Caribbean state parties to the Charter on Language Policy and Language Rights in the Creole-speaking Caribbean, meeting in Kingston, Jamaica from January 13

  7. Rapid Bootstrapping of five Eastern European Languages using the Rapid Language Adaptation Toolkit

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schultz, Tanja

    achieved a word error rate (WER) of 16.9% for Bulgarian, 32.8% for Croatian, 23.5% for Czech, 20 and Data Resources 2.1. Peculiarities of Slavic Languages The five languages Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech-European language family, which totally contains about 20 languages and dialects. Bulgarian and Croatian are South

  8. Developing Language Processing Components with GATE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maynard, Diana

    Developing Language Processing Components with GATE (a User Guide) For GATE version 3 beta 1 (July.3 Troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 3.4 [D] Get Started

  9. Self-Organisation of a Learnable Language: What Happens When an Alien Language Replicates through Human Brains

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Steels, Luc

    1 Self-Organisation of a Learnable Language: What Happens When an Alien Language Replicates through initial alien language, as it is replicated through successive `generations' of language learners in three. (2008). In this paradigm, a subject is given a random initial `alien language' to learn. The language

  10. Intrinsic Constraints on Language: Grammar and Hermeneutics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bickhard, Mark H.

    Intrinsic Constraints on Language: Grammar and Hermeneutics Mark H. Bickhard Mark H. Bickhard on Language: Grammar and Hermeneutics Mark H. Bickhard Abstract Functional and pragmatic approaches to grammar to its nature. I also show how phenomena of implicature, the hermeneutic circle, and forms of creative

  11. Expressive Language Profiles of Verbally Expressive Adolescents

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nguyen, Danh

    Expressive Language Profiles of Verbally Expressive Adolescents and Young Adults With Down Syndrome of a subset of highly verbally expressive adolescents and young adults with Down syndrome (DS) and those differences in their expressive language profiles. KEY WORDS: Down syndrome, fragile X syndrome, narrative

  12. LANGUAGE AND COMMUNICATION IN FRAGILE X SYNDROME

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nguyen, Danh

    syndromes (e.g., Down syndrome, autism). We also consider problems in language within the broader contextLANGUAGE AND COMMUNICATION IN FRAGILE X SYNDROME Leonard Abbeduto1,2* and Randi Jenssen Hagerman3 problems of individuals with fragile X syndrome (FXS). FXS is a common genetic disorder resulting from

  13. Multi-language Struct Support in Babel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ebner, D; Prantl, A; Epperly, T W

    2011-03-22T23:59:59.000Z

    Babel is an open-source language interoperability framework tailored to the needs of high-performance scientific computing. As an integral element of the Common Component Architecture (CCA) it is used in a wide range of research projects. In this paper we describe how we extended Babel to support interoperable tuple data types (structs). Structs are a common idiom in scientific APIs; they are an efficient way to pass tuples of nonuniform data between functions, and are supported natively by most programming languages. Using our extended version of Babel, developers of scientific code can now pass structs as arguments between functions implemented in any of the supported languages. In C, C++ and Fortran 2003, structs can be passed without the overhead of data marshaling or copying, providing language interoperability at minimal cost. Other supported languages are Fortran 77, Fortran 90, Java and Python. We will show how we designed a struct implementation that is interoperable with all of the supported languages and present benchmark data compare the performance of all language bindings, highlighting the differences between languages that offer native struct support and an object-oriented interface with getter/setter methods.

  14. Chapter 2 (Scott) Programming Language Syntax

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Allan, Vicki H.

    1 Chapter 2 (Scott) Programming Language Syntax 1 Lexical and Syntactic Analysis · Chomsky Grammar of a programming language is a precise description of all its grammatically correct programs. P i t fi t d ith Al l.) ­ Concrete syntax - rules for writing i t t t dexpressions, statements and programs. ­ Abstract syntax

  15. A pattern language for sacred secular places

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joseph, Melanie Rachel

    2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

    to design and construct their own home, pattern language never quite caught up with those in the field of architecture, mostly because of its lack of flexibility. The core idea of Alexander?s pattern language was to arm architects, designers, and the common...

  16. Texas Dual Language Program Cost Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lara-Alecio, Rafael; Galloway, Martha; Mahadevan, Lakshmi; Mason, Ben; Irby, Beverly J.; Brown, Genevieve; Gmez, Leo

    2010-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

    .......................................................................................................... 4 Texas Dual Language Program Cost Analysis............................................................... 8 Literature Review ............................................................................................................. 8 English... inclusivity, dual language (DL) programs (sometimes referred to as two-way immersion) have seen a rapid increase in Texas and the nation, however, an extensive review of literature indicated that no national or state-wide studies have addressed the issue...

  17. Language of the Internet NAOMI S. BARON

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carlini, David

    processing to facilitate working on the Internet and the World Wide Web (1.3) Section 2 Linguistic Issues for Communicating via the Web 1 As with so many aspects of the computing world, the nature of the language of this chapter. #12;2 summarize the types of Web coding systems (4.1) present an overview of Web markup languages

  18. Optimization Modeling Languages Emmanuel Fragni`ere

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gondzio, Jacek

    Optimization Modeling Languages Emmanuel Fragni`ere HEC, Department of Management, University, 1999 1 #12;Abstract The access to advanced optimization software needs more and more sophisticated modeling tools. Optimization modeling languages are tools that facilitate the decision making process based

  19. Interaction of Programming Language and Environment Design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Language Influence on Environmental Design Perhaps the biggest impact programming languages have had construction. Finally, the compiler is simplified if the editor produces an error-free parse tree; in fact prefer to edit text, and that some editing (e.g., entering in-fix expressions and transforming an if-statement

  20. The Blue Language1 Michael Klling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kent, University of

    1 The Blue Language1 Michael Kölling School of Computer Science and Software Engineering Monash. The system we are about to discuss is named Blue. Blue is an integrated programming environment and an object. In this issue, we discuss the language aspects of Blue. Next month we will continue the discussion by describing

  1. HLT/EMNLP 2005 Human Language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ) and the 9th International Workshop on Parsing Technologies (IWPT). In the HLT tradition, the conference Language Processing Proceedings of the Conference 6-8 October 2005 Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada #12HLT/EMNLP 2005 Human Language Technology Conference and Conference on Empirical Methods in Natural

  2. The use of an English language assessment test on South African English additional language (EAL) speakers from an indigenous language and cultural background : a critical evaluation.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mdlalo, Thandeka.

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ??The aim of the study is to provide an in-depth interrogation and critique of the use of language assessment tools on populations from indigenous language (more)

  3. Natural language search of structured documents

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oney, Stephen W

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis focuses on techniques with which natural language can be used to search for specific elements in a structured document, such as an XML file. The goal is to create a system capable of being trained to identify ...

  4. The Cultural Identities of Foreign Language Teachers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fichtner, Friederike; Chapman, Katie

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    participants, was also of Cherokee heritage. For a completet matter, you know. Because Im not there to teach Cherokeeculture, Cherokee language, Im L2 Journal Vol. 3 (2011)

  5. Dealing with data from West Nilotic languages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Remijsen, Bert

    2014-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

    Since 2005, the author has been involved in several projects aimed at investigating and documenting the Western Nilotic languages Dinka and Shilluk. Over the years he has come to distinguish primarily between two types of data, a distinction which...

  6. Language Modeling for limited-data domains

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hsu, Bo-June (Bo-June Paul)

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    With the increasing focus of speech recognition and natural language processing applications on domains with limited amount of in-domain training data, enhanced system performance often relies on approaches involving model ...

  7. UPC Language Specifications V1.2

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    UPC Consortium

    2005-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

    UPC is an explicitly parallel extension to the ISO C 99Standard. UPC follows the partitioned global address space programming model. This document is the formal specification for the UPC language syntax and semantics.

  8. Language, embodiment, and the cognitive niche

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clark, Andy

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Embodied agents use bodily actions and environmental interventions to make the world a better place to think in. Where does language fit into this emerging picture of the embodied, ecologically efficient agent? One useful ...

  9. The RB Language Jonathan M. Smith

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ­­ ­­ The RB Language Jonathan M. Smith Distributed Systems Laboratory Department of Computer of an attempt to generate more practical examples of the scheme described by Smith and Maguire for ``competitive

  10. BRASIL Language Specification March 9, 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    BRASIL Language Specification March 9, 2010 #12;Contents 1 Introduction 3 2 Getting Started: Simulations in BRASIL 4 2.1 The State-Effect Design Pattern . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 2.2 Supporting the State-Effect Pattern in BRASIL

  11. Natural Language Processing on the Web

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Natural Language Processing on the Web Guy Lapalme RALI-DIRO, Université de Montréal ! http://www.iro.umontreal.ca/~lapalme #12;Overview · What is Natural Language Processing (NLP) · NLP for the Web · The Web for NLP 2 #12 recognition 5 #12;http://rali.iro.umontreal.ca #12;NLP for the syntactic Web search engines · NLP saved

  12. A common language for computer security incidents

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    John D. Howard; Thomas A Longstaff

    1998-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Much of the computer security information regularly gathered and disseminated by individuals and organizations cannot currently be combined or compared because a common language has yet to emerge in the field of computer security. A common language consists of terms and taxonomies (principles of classification) which enable the gathering, exchange and comparison of information. This paper presents the results of a project to develop such a common language for computer security incidents. This project results from cooperation between the Security and Networking Research Group at the Sandia National Laboratories, Livermore, CA, and the CERT{reg_sign} Coordination Center at Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA. This Common Language Project was not an effort to develop a comprehensive dictionary of terms used in the field of computer security. Instead, the authors developed a minimum set of high-level terms, along with a structure indicating their relationship (a taxonomy), which can be used to classify and understand computer security incident information. They hope these high-level terms and their structure will gain wide acceptance, be useful, and most importantly, enable the exchange and comparison of computer security incident information. They anticipate, however, that individuals and organizations will continue to use their own terms, which may be more specific both in meaning and use. They designed the common language to enable these lower-level terms to be classified within the common language structure.

  13. Theory and Implementation of a Functional Programming Language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Selinger, Peter

    present the languag* *e PPL, a strongly typed, call-by-name language which supports recursion and polym* *or- phism. We describe a compiler of PPL into a low-level assembly language. T* *he

  14. Theory and Implementation of a Functional Programming Language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Selinger, Peter

    begin with the study of the -calculus, an idealized mathematical language. We present the language PPL of PPL into a low-level assembly language. The compilation is based on an abstract machine interpretation

  15. 9.402 Language and Thought, Fall 2002

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boroditsky, Lera

    Subject examines the many interrelationships between language and thought. Do people who speak different languages think differently? Does learning new languages change the way you think? Do polyglots think differently in ...

  16. Sample Contract Language for Information Technology Using Energy...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Sample Contract Language for Information Technology Using Energy-Efficient Products Sample Contract Language for Information Technology Using Energy-Efficient Products Document...

  17. Model Acquisition Language for Energy-Efficient Product Contracts...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Technologies Energy-Efficient Products Model Acquisition Language for Energy-Efficient Product Contracts Model Acquisition Language for Energy-Efficient Product Contracts...

  18. Using similar tasks to increase negotiation of meaning and language production in an online second language learning environment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arslanyilmaz, Abdurrahman

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    This study investigates the use of authentic subtitled similar task videos (ASSTVs) and their relationship to second language negotiation of meaning and language production among non-native speakers of English in an online task-based language...

  19. Department of Humanities Advanced Certificate in Modern Language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ­ French: Individual and Society ____ HU4273 Modern Language Seminar III ­ French: Technology in Literature Seminar II ­ German: Individual and Society ____ HU4283 Modern Language Seminar III ­ German: Technology Language Seminar II ­ Spanish: Individual and Society ____ HU4293 Modern Language Seminar III ­ Spanish

  20. COLLEGE OF ARTS AND HUMANITIES DEPARTMENT OF LANGUAGES, TRANSLATION AND

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harman, Neal.A.

    for All 2014 2015 If you want to work, study or travel abroad, language skills can help you to do this. The Languages for All (LFA) programme gives you the opportunity to gain invaluable languages skills while you.ariotti@swansea.ac.uk) #12;LFA BEGINNERS* Module Code Title Credits Teaching Block CY-140 Languages for All Welsh 1 10 1

  1. Using MATLAB The Language of Technical Computing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    deYoung, Brad

    Using MATLAB® Graphics Version 7 MATLAB ® The Language of Technical Computing #12;How to Contact The MathWorks: www.mathworks.com Web comp.soft-sys.matlab Newsgroup support@mathworks.com Technical supportWorks Web site. Using MATLAB Graphics © COPYRIGHT 1984 - 2004 by The MathWorks, Inc. The software described

  2. Cop$c Language Guy Halawi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dershowitz, Nachum

    are they? · Copts are an Egyp$an Chris$an group · Largest Chris$an group' is adapta$on of the Greek word "" (Egyp$an) #12;Copts - Popula$on · Total popula of the Egyp$an Arabic · Cop$c word in other languages: Hebrew) - crocodile

  3. a Packet Processing Language Eric Krupski

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    PPL a Packet Processing Language Eric Krupski 15 June 2004 Dartmouth College Computer Science Technical Report TR2004-508 #12;Krupski 1 Table of Contents: Abstract 2 Introduction 2 Details of PPL 7 C Representations of PPL Data 18 Analysis 19 Future Work 22 Conclusions 23 Appendix 1 25 Appendix 2 30 #12;Krupski 2

  4. Language Preorder as a Precongruence Wan Fokkink

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grant, P. W.

    by a single-sorted rst-order signature, and transitions are supplied with labels. Labelled transition systems equivalence called tyft tyxt, supplied with a well-foundedness criterion. Sponsored in part by a grant from in this format is always a congruence. The con- gruence format for language equivalence, called L cool, consists

  5. Language Production General Points about Speech Production

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coulson, Seana

    Language Production #12;General Points about Speech Production 15 speech sounds per second => 2, shall I say `t' or `d'' (Levelt) Production side has gotten less attention in Psycholinguistics than the comprehension side. Evidence for speech production behaviour has until recently relied heavily on speech errors

  6. Finding Foreign Language Materials The problem.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , or DVDs written or produced in French, Spanish, Italian, Latin, Chinese, Old English, Middle High German on philosophy in French. Click on Limit My Search. You can limit your search by language, location within your keyword(s). Hint: Use broad or simple keywords like literature, politics, science, anthropology

  7. Translating Facebook into Endangered Languages Kevin Scannell

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scannell, Kevin Patrick

    Translating Facebook into Endangered Languages Kevin Scannell Saint Louis University, St. Louis, Missouri, USA [kscanne@gmail.com] Abstract: Facebook is an incredibly popular social networking site to Facebook as a way for small and scattered speaker populations to connect with each other online

  8. Project ELLA: English Language and Literacy Acquisition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lara-Alecio, Rafael; Irby, Beverly J.; Mathes, Patricia G.; Rodriguez, Rosalinda; Tong, Fuhui; Guerrero, Cindy; Quiros, Ana; Cox, Kathleen; Castellanos, Mary

    2010-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

    favorably to a specific model. ? Follow children from kindergarten through grade 3. ELLA MODEL Time of Structured English Structured ESL for Program Types Altered Transitional Experimental to One-Way Dual Language Ongoing Staff Development... Portfolio The Reflection Cycle ?Brown & Irby, 2000 Self- Assessment Evaluation Planning & Refocusing Informed Practice Student Growth Reflection From The Principal Portfolio Corwin Press Level 2: Student Interventions ? Kindergarten ? 75...

  9. On Linguistic Quality of Natural Language Requirements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ruggieri, Salvatore

    , has now reached its limits. Like classical engineering switched from quality control to total qualityOn Linguistic Quality of Natural Language Requirements F. Fabbrini 1 , M. Fusani 1 , V. Gervasi 2 Informatica, Corso Italia 40, 56125 Pisa Italy. Abstract. We recognize the need for defining a quality model

  10. The Core Language of Aldwych Matthew HUNTBACH

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huntbach, Matthew

    into a tiny core language which captures the essential mechanisms of its programming style. This idea has been with its basis in CSP [4]. More recently, the pi-calculus [19] has received much attention as the suggested basis for a model of interactive computing. Unlike CSP, the pi-calculus is a name-passing calculus

  11. Hybrid Abstractions that Preserve Timed Languages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pappas, George J.

    Hybrid Abstractions that Preserve Timed Languages Paulo Tabuada1 and George J. Pappas2 1 Instituto@ee.upenn.edu Abstract. In this paper we consider the problem of extracting an ab- straction from a hybrid control system that determine when trajectories of the original hybrid system can be generated by the abstracted hybrid system

  12. INFERENCE GENERATION DURING AUDITORY LANGUAGE COMPREHENSION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    INFERENCE GENERATION DURING AUDITORY LANGUAGE COMPREHENSION David A. Swinney Lee Osterhout I. Introduction It has become nearly axiomatic (and even likely true) to hold that inference generation during the literature rife with observations that while there is little evi- dence of "automatic" generation of certain

  13. Romani Language: Cataloging Ramifications for a Language in the Process of Standardization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Husic, Geoff

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    recently Uzbek), which have certain ramifications for cataloging and retrieval in library catalogs. In some cases the change is unproblematic, for example, when abandoning Cyrillic the Moldovans, whose language is basically identical to Romanian, just... chose to return to writing in standard Romanian, while Address correspondence to: Geoff Husic, MA, MS, Slavic and Special Languages Librarian, University of Kansas Libraries, 1425 Jayhawk Blvd, Room 519...

  14. The Pumping Lemma, Part 2 Some languages are not context-free languages.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bylander, Tom

    The Pumping Lemma, Part 2 Some languages are not context-free languages. A pumping lemma can. #12; Proof of the Pumping Lemma Theorem: Let A be a CFL. There exists a num- ber p, for all w, if jsj; ) uvRyz #3; ) uvxyz S u R z R y v x #12; Using the Pumping Lemma A 1 = fa n b n c n : n #21; 0g Choose

  15. Extending old languages for new architectures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    White, Leo

    2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    languages for new architectures Leo P. White Summary Architectures evolve quickly. The number of transistors available to chip designers doubles every 18 months, allowing increasingly complex architectures to be developed on a single chip. Power dissipation... issues have forced chip designers to look for new ways to use the transistors at their disposal. This situation inevitably leads to new architectural features on a fairly regular basis. Enabling programmers to benefit from these new architectural features...

  16. Composition Semantics of the Rosetta Specification Language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peck, Megan Elizabeth

    2012-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

    using Coalgebras . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82 6.2.1 Process Calculi . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83 6.2.2 Coalgebras in Java Semantics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83 6.2.3 Previous Work on Rosetta.... Components may have inputs and outputs that allow them to be parameterized and to communicate with other specification constructs. The terms within a component may either be Boolean expressions written in Rosettas expression language or may instantiate other...

  17. Identifying Patterns in Geospatial Natural Language Kristin Stock

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stock, Kristin

    Identifying Patterns in Geospatial Natural Language Kristin Stock Nottingham Geospatial Institute University of Nottingham Abstract The automated interpretation of geospatial be suitable as an approach to the representation of geospatial natural language that supports

  18. A computational model to connect gestalt perception and natural language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dhande, Sheel Sanjay, 1979-

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a computational model that connects gestalt visual perception and language. The model grounds the meaning of natural language words and phrases in terms of the perceptual properties of visually salient groups. ...

  19. SPATIAL DATABASE MODELING WITH PICTOGRAMMIC LANGUAGES Yvan Bdard, Suzie Larrive

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    SPATIAL DATABASE MODELING WITH PICTOGRAMMIC LANGUAGES Yvan Bdard, Suzie Larrive Dept of Geomatics Sciences Centre for Research in Geomatics Canada NSERC Industrial Research Chair in Geospatial Databases language extension, Spatial data modeling, Perceptory pictograms. DEFINITION "Spatial databases" consist

  20. The emergence of hierarchical structure in human language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miyagawa, Shigeru

    We propose a novel account for the emergence of human language syntax. Like many evolutionary innovations, language arose from the adventitious combination of two pre-existing, simpler systems that had been evolved for ...

  1. Modeling prosodic features in language models for meetings.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Songfang; Renals, Steve

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper we investigate the application of a novel technique for language modeling - a hierarchical Bayesian language model (LM) based on the Pitman-Yor process - on automatic speech recognition (ASR) for multiparty meetings. The hierarchical...

  2. Notes on Kusunda Grammar: A language isolate of Nepal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Watters, David

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Indo-Pacific language in Nepal. Proceedings of the Nationalin selected languages of Nepal, Vol. II:81-174. Turner,Dor Bahadur. 1967. People of Nepal. Kathmandu: Ratna Pustak

  3. On the Representation of Physical Quantities in Natural Language Text

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Forbus, Kenneth D.

    On the Representation of Physical Quantities in Natural Language Text Sven E. Kuehne (skuehne processes from natural language text. In an earlier analysis (Kuehne & Forbus, 2002) we presented a scheme

  4. 6.881 Natural Language Processing, Fall 2004

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barzilay, Regina

    This course is a graduate level introduction to natural language processing, the primary concern of which is the study of human language from a computational perspective. The class will cover models at the level of syntactic, ...

  5. The structure and implications of the global language network

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ronen, Shahar

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Languages vary enormously in global importance because of historical, demographic, political, and technological forces, and there has been much speculation about the current and future status of English as a global language. ...

  6. Transformation Nets -A Runtime Model for Transformation Languages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hochreiter, Sepp

    Transformation Nets - A Runtime Model for Transformation Languages Johannes Schoenboeck Institute transformation languages. Although numerous approaches are available, they lack convenient facilities for supporting debugging and understand- ing of the transformation logic. This is not least because

  7. School of Languages, Literatures and CulturalStudies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Mahony, Donal E.

    School of Languages, Literatures and CulturalStudies Postgraduate Handbook 2012/2013 #12;2 Table of Contents Introduction 2 Information about College 3 Graduate Studies Office 7 The School of Languages back ­ to the School of Languages, Literatures and Cultural Studies as a postgraduate student

  8. UMass Lowell Intensive Spanish Language & Culture in Cdiz, Spain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Lowell, University of

    UMass Lowell Intensive Spanish Language & Culture in Cádiz, Spain Program Description Travel to Spain and study at the University of Cádiz in a specialized intensive language program established Lowell During the Summer in Cádiz, Spain! Complete Levels 1-4 (12 credit) of Spanish language in one

  9. Facebook in all six Celtic Languages Kevin Scannell

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scannell, Kevin Patrick

    Facebook in all six Celtic Languages (mar dhea) Kevin Scannell Saint Louis University May 31, 2012 #12;Social media and endangered languages Social media: Facebook, Twitter, blogs, podcasts (audio Appealing to kids, the most important demographic! #12;Facebook for language revitalization I spent

  10. The Application of XML Languages for Integrating Molecular Resources

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rzepa, Henry S.

    The Application of XML Languages for Integrating Molecular Resources Content 1) The Application of XML Languages for Integrating Molecular Resources 2) Georgios V. Gkoutos,a Peter Murray-Rust,b Henry S of Molecular Resources 7) Molecular Integration based on XML 8) The ChemDig Project 9) Chemical Markup Language

  11. Substitutional Semantics and Natural Language Quantification

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ludlow, Peter

    violence to the syntax of natural language. Consider the following sentences with restricted quantifiers. (5) Exactly one person wrote Waverly. (6) Seven spies (each with two code names) quit the CIA. The most natural way of interpreting (5-6) would... be as in (5-6*) (5') For exactly one term t 't is a person and t wrote Waverly' is true. (6*) For exactly 7 terms tl,t2,...,t7 'ti quit the CIA' is true. The problem with (5') and (6') is that they will not be assigned the correct truth value...

  12. ALECS: assembly language extensions and control structures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Oothoudt, M.A.; Kozlowski, T.

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ALECS is an assembly language preprocessor allowing the use of structured programming techniques in MACRO-11 code. Programs are written using standard control structures with normal MACRO-11 code embedded as needed. The ALECS task is used to translate the source to pure MACRO-11 source file which is then submitted to the assembler. ALECS also produces a structured source listing showing the true logical flow of code. ALECS has been used for short subroutines as well as RSX-11M I/0 drivers and an ACP.

  13. Project ELLA: English Language and Literacy Acquisition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lara-Alecio, Rafael; Irby, Beverly J.; Mathes, Patricia G.

    2010-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

    ? To determine which instructional delivery model is most effective in promoting English language acquisition and literacy. ? To study under what circumstances certain students respond more favorably to a specific model. ? Follow children from kindergarten... with the lowest performing students on communication games; more than one group served per classroom) TIME DISPERSEMENT Demographics of ELLA - Kindergarten 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 SEI-E SEI-T TBE-E TBE-T SEI-E 67.35 97 75 172 SEI-T 67.02 103 71...

  14. Plain Language Training | Department of Energy

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the1 - September 2006Photovoltaic Theory and ModelingPink Skies ComingPlain LanguagePlain

  15. Languages, Algorithms, Procedures, Calculi, and Metalogic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mark Burgin

    2007-01-04T23:59:59.000Z

    Logicians study and apply a multiplicity of various logical systems. Consequently, there is necessity to build foundations and common grounds for all these systems. This is done in metalogic. Like metamathematics studies formalized mathematical theories, metalogic studies theories in logic, or logics. The discipline of logic has been developed with the aim to model and study human thinking and reasoning. A more realistic understanding relates logic only to reasoning. Reasoning is a mental and verbal activity. Any activity is based on actions and operations organized by procedures and algorithms. That is why procedures and algorithms are basic for the development of different logics, their study and application. In this work, we study structures used in logic with the aim to reflect goals of logic as a discipline. The main structure is a logical calculus, which pivotal for the contemporary logic. Logical calculus is considered here as a two-tier construction with a logical language on the first level and the calculus itself on the second level. A system of interdependencies that exists between properties of deductive calculi and utilized by these calculi algorithms are explicated and studied. Here only syntactic parts of logics, namely, deductive logical calculi and corresponding languages are considered. Semantic and pragmatic parts are studied elsewhere.

  16. Language Proficiency Modulates the Recruitment of Non-Classical Language Areas in Bilinguals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Hagler Jr.2,3 , Anders M. Dale2,3,4 , Jeffrey L. Elman1,5 , Eric Halgren2,3,4,5 1 Department of Cognitive-Classical Language Areas in Bilinguals. PLoS ONE 6(3): e18240. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0018240 Editor: Pedro Valdes

  17. E-Print Network 3.0 - automated natural language Sample Search...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of Language Communities and its Implication for Language-specific Crawling Rizza... Camus Caminero Language Observatory Nagaoka University of Technology Nagaoka, Niigata, Japan...

  18. E-Print Network 3.0 - assembly language programming Sample Search...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    W. Godfrey Summary: language, such as 32-bit GNU assembler or the JVM, they are also independent of the programming language... ; consequently, few if any programming language...

  19. Organizing the Aggregate: Languages for Spatial Computing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beal, Jacob; Usbeck, Kyle; Viroli, Mirko; Correll, Nikolaus

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    As the number of computing devices embedded into engineered systems continues to rise, there is a widening gap between the needs of the user to control aggregates of devices and the complex technology of individual devices. Spatial computing attempts to bridge this gap for systems with local communication by exploiting the connection between physical locality and device connectivity. A large number of spatial computing domain specific languages (DSLs) have emerged across diverse domains, from biology and reconfigurable computing, to sensor networks and agent-based systems. In this paper, we develop a framework for analyzing and comparing spatial computing DSLs, survey the current state of the art, and provide a roadmap for future spatial computing DSL investigation.

  20. The Design of Monty: a Programming/Scripting Language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Watt, D.A.

    Watt,D.A. Language Descriptions, Tools and Applications (LDTA 2005) pp 1-23 Electronic Notes in Theoretical Computer Science

  1. assisted language learning: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    contents are not directly presented to the user. Open learner Bull, Susan 3 Online Mind Maps for Language Learning : Assisted Risk-Taking Josphine Rmon1 Computer Technologies...

  2. DOE-APPROVED COOPERATIVE RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT AGREEMENT LANGUAGE...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    LANGUAGE AND GUIDANCE The Modular Cooperative Research and Development Agreement (CRADA) was developed to promote consistency throughout the Department of Energy (DOE). The...

  3. The Language Application Grid , James Pustejovsky, Christopher Cieri, Eric Nyberg

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ide, Nancy

    The Language Application Grid Nancy Ide , James Pustejovsky, Christopher Cieri, Eric Nyberg , Denise DiPersio, Chunqi Shi, Keith Suderman , Marc Verhagen, Di Wang , Jonathan Wright Vassar College

  4. artificial esperanto languages: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    space flight. We investigated (more) Edmonds, Jessica Leigh 2005-01-01 71 Abduction in Natural Language Understanding Jerry R. Hobbs Computer Technologies and...

  5. Reading achievement of English language learners in 50/50 and 90/10 two-way dual language programs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cox, Nano Kathleen

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    in a language other than English. For the present study, Spanish was the first language of instruction, with an increasing amount of instruction in English as the students progressed through fifth grade. Kindergarten and first grade instruction... in Texas, with approximately 20 students from each program. The students from each two-way dual language program had been in the program since kindergarten or first grade. In addition, my study only investigated the ELLs? Spanish and English reading...

  6. Is there/will there be a Bosnian Language: aspects of the language situation in post?war Bosnia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Husic, Geoff

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A discussion of the perception of Bosnian as a language distinct from Serbian and Croatian in Bosnia before and after the Yugoslav War, 1991-1995....

  7. THE SIZE-CHANGE TERMINATION PRINCIPLE FOR CONSTRUCTOR BASED LANGUAGES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    THE SIZE-CHANGE TERMINATION PRINCIPLE FOR CONSTRUCTOR BASED LANGUAGES PIERRE HYVERNAT Laboratoire describes an automatic termination checker for a generic first- order call-by-value language in ML style. We arguments of recursive call evolve during evaluation. The result is a criterion for termination extending

  8. THE SIZE-CHANGE TERMINATION PRINCIPLE FOR CONSTRUCTOR BASED LANGUAGES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hyvernat, Pierre

    THE SIZE-CHANGE TERMINATION PRINCIPLE FOR CONSTRUCTOR BASED LANGUAGES PIERRE HYVERNAT Laboratoire describes an automatic termination checker for a generic first- order call-by-value language in ML style. We arguments of recursive calls evolve during evaluation. The result is a criterion for termination extending

  9. THE DEVELOPMENT OF LANGUAGE CHILDREN WITH DOWN SYNDROME*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    THE DEVELOPMENT OF LANGUAGE CHILDREN WITH DOWN SYNDROME* Anne E. Fowler I. INTRODUCTION STRUCTURE IN St.udying children wit.h Down syndrome (DS), Lenneberg (1967) would argue, should be a wonderful way underst.anding of t.he nat.ure and extent. of the language delay associat.ed with Down syndrome. In t

  10. Induction, Domains, Calculi: Strachey's Contributions to ProgrammingLanguage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schmidt, David A.

    Induction, Domains, Calculi: Strachey's Contributions to ProgrammingLanguage Engineering David A's contributions---inductive defini tion of semantics, semanticdomain definitions, and calculi for semantic description---are presented, and their consequences on languages research are described. Strachey's impact

  11. Theory and Implementation of a Functional Programming Language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Selinger, Peter

    PPL, a strongly typed, call­by­name language which supports recursion and polymor­ phism. We describe a compiler of PPL into a low­level assembly language. The compilation is based on an abstract machine

  12. STAR-FREE GEODESIC LANGUAGES FOR GROUPS SUSAN HERMILLER1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Logan, David

    STAR-FREE GEODESIC LANGUAGES FOR GROUPS SUSAN HERMILLER1 , DEREK F. HOLT, AND SARAH REES Abstract cancellation con- ditions C (1/6) and C (1/4) - T (4) has the property that the set of all geodesics (over the same generating set) is a star-free regular language. Star-free regularity of the geodesic set is shown

  13. Eye Movements in Language and Cognition: A Brief Introduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richardson, Daniel C.

    Eye Movements in Language and Cognition: A Brief Introduction Daniel C. Richardson Department Department 420 Jordan Hall Stanford, CA 94305 #12;Eye movements in Language and Cognition ­ Richardson, Dale & Spivey 2 The role of eye movements in the visual system The eye independently evolved over 40 times

  14. Structured Wide-Area Programming: Orc Programming Language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Misra, Jayadev

    Structured Wide-Area Programming: Orc Programming Language Jayadev Misra Department of Computer Science University of Texas at Austin http://orc.csres.utexas.edu #12;Orc Language · Data Types: Number, List, Record · Pattern Matching; Clausal Definition · Function Closure · Comingling functional and Orc

  15. Proceedings of the Eighth International Natural Language Generation Conference

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    INLG 2014 Proceedings of the Eighth International Natural Language Generation Conference Including 2014 Proceedings) ii #12;Introduction Welcome to the Eighth International Natural Language Generation Proceedings of the INLG and SIGDIAL 2014 Joint Session Organizers: Margaret Mitchell, Kathleen McCoy, David Mc

  16. Standards for Language Resources Nancy Ide,* Laurent Romary

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    of a newly formed committee of the International Standards Organization (ISO), ISO/TC 37/SC 4 Language of a newly formed committee of the International Standards Organization (ISO), ISO/TC 37/SC 4 Language of the committee. The objective of ISO/TC 37/SC 4 is to prepare international standards and guidelines

  17. Programming Language Support for Energy-Aware Software

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mayfield, John

    Programming Language Support for Energy-Aware Software Programming Language Support for Energy-Aware servers are the norm of modern computing infrastructure, energy efficiency is a first-class design goal sustainability. This talk focuses improving energy efficiency through software-centered approaches

  18. Exploring figurative language processing in bilinguals: the metaphor interference effect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martinez, Francisco Emigdio

    2005-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

    -dominant and in balanced bilinguals tested only in English. Experiment 3 conducted with bilinguals tested in both languages, showed that the metaphor interference effect was not obtained in either language in English-dominant bilinguals and was obtained in Spanish only...

  19. The Brain, the Broken Brain & the Neural Biology of Language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collar, Juan I.

    The Brain, the Broken Brain & the Neural Biology of Language Presenter: Steven Small Time & Date.maproom.com )1949 N. Hoyne Café Email list https://cfcpwork.uchicago.edu/mailman/listinfo/cafe #12;The Brain, the Broken Brain & the Neural Biology of Language Presenter: Steven Small Time & Date: 7-9 PM Monday

  20. Ontology Generation for Large Email Collections Language Technologies Institute

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    Ontology Generation for Large Email Collections Hui Yang Language Technologies Institute School Callan Language Technologies Institute School of Computer Science Carnegie Mellon University 5000 Forbes Ave, Pittsburgh, PA, 15213 callan@cs.cmu.edu ABSTRACT This paper presents a new approach

  1. TESLA: A Formally Defined Event Specification Language Gianpaolo Cugola

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cugola, Gianpaolo

    TESLA: A Formally Defined Event Specification Language Gianpaolo Cugola Dip. di Elettronica e to clearly state how the system should behave. Moving from these premises, we present TESLA, a complex event specification language. Each TESLA rule considers incoming data items as notifi- cations of events and defines

  2. Using Functional Languages in Formal Methods: The Pet System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peled, Doron A.

    Using Functional Languages in Formal Methods: The Pet System Elsa L. Gunter and Doron A. Peled Bell language for the back­end of our new Path Exploration Tool (Pet) [2]. This tool is intended for interactive testing of sequential and concur­ rent software. The main calculation performed by Pet is the symbolic

  3. Towards Interoperability of ISO Standards for Language Resource Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    Towards Interoperability of ISO Standards for Language Resource Management Kiyong Lee Korea.romary@loria.fr Abstract This paper reviews and evaluates some of the ISO documents for language resource management. Being developed under ISO/TC 37/SC 4, these documents are at the last stage of approval and publication as interna

  4. STANDARDS FOR LANGUAGE CODES: DEVELOPING ISO 639 David Dalby

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gillam, Lee

    STANDARDS FOR LANGUAGE CODES: DEVELOPING ISO 639 David Dalby , Lee Gillam , Christopher Cox Organization for Standardization (ISO), is currently seeking more granular systems of language identifiers than the widely used tags of ISO 639 parts 1 and 2. There is growing need for the more precise identification

  5. A Debugging Scheme for Declarative Equation Based Modeling Languages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhao, Yuxiao

    examine the particular debugging problems posed by Modelica, a declarative equation based modeling language. A brief overview of the Modelica language is also given. We also present our view of the issues, bipartite graphs, graph decomposition techniques, static analysis, debug- ging, Modelica. 1 Introduction

  6. A Debugging Scheme for Declarative Equation Based Modeling Languages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burns, Peter

    examine the particular debugging problems posed by Modelica, a declarative equation based modeling language. A brief overview of the Modelica language is also given. We also present our view of the issues, bipartite graphs, graph decomposition techniques, static analysis, debug- ging, Modelica 1 Introduction

  7. An Overview of the Ciao Multiparadigm Language and Program Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Puebla, Germán

    An Overview of the Ciao Multiparadigm Language and Program Development Environment and its Design Development Technology Universidad Polit´ecnica de Madrid University of New Mexico Universidad Complutense de provides an informal overview of the language and program development environment. It aims at illustrating

  8. Natural Language Engineering http://journals.cambridge.org/NLE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wintner, Shuly

    Natural Language Engineering http://journals.cambridge.org/NLE Additional services for Natural Permissions : Click here Downloaded from http://journals.cambridge.org/NLE, IP address: 79.181.48.102 on 29-processing steps for a variety of natural language processing applications, from search and information extraction

  9. Cross-Language High Similarity Search Using a Conceptual Thesaurus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rosso, Paolo

    Cross-Language High Similarity Search Using a Conceptual Thesaurus Parth Gupta, Alberto Barr Universitat Polit`ecnica de Val`encia, Spain {pgupta,lbarron,prosso}@dsic.upv.es http://www.dsic.upv.es/grupos/nle Abstract. This work addresses the issue of cross-language high similarity and near-duplicates search, where

  10. Department of Humanities Certificate in Modern Language and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Department of Humanities Certificate in Modern Language and Area Study CFR-French, CGE-German, CSP French, German or Spanish must complete two years of the same modern language (12 credits) and three area (12 credits) Note: 6 credits must be from 3000 level French German Spanish __HU2271 Level I-A French

  11. Cross-language information retrieval using PARAFAC2.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bader, Brett William; Chew, Peter; Abdelali, Ahmed (New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, NM); Kolda, Tamara Gibson

    2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A standard approach to cross-language information retrieval (CLIR) uses Latent Semantic Analysis (LSA) in conjunction with a multilingual parallel aligned corpus. This approach has been shown to be successful in identifying similar documents across languages - or more precisely, retrieving the most similar document in one language to a query in another language. However, the approach has severe drawbacks when applied to a related task, that of clustering documents 'language-independently', so that documents about similar topics end up closest to one another in the semantic space regardless of their language. The problem is that documents are generally more similar to other documents in the same language than they are to documents in a different language, but on the same topic. As a result, when using multilingual LSA, documents will in practice cluster by language, not by topic. We propose a novel application of PARAFAC2 (which is a variant of PARAFAC, a multi-way generalization of the singular value decomposition [SVD]) to overcome this problem. Instead of forming a single multilingual term-by-document matrix which, under LSA, is subjected to SVD, we form an irregular three-way array, each slice of which is a separate term-by-document matrix for a single language in the parallel corpus. The goal is to compute an SVD for each language such that V (the matrix of right singular vectors) is the same across all languages. Effectively, PARAFAC2 imposes the constraint, not present in standard LSA, that the 'concepts' in all documents in the parallel corpus are the same regardless of language. Intuitively, this constraint makes sense, since the whole purpose of using a parallel corpus is that exactly the same concepts are expressed in the translations. We tested this approach by comparing the performance of PARAFAC2 with standard LSA in solving a particular CLIR problem. From our results, we conclude that PARAFAC2 offers a very promising alternative to LSA not only for multilingual document clustering, but also for solving other problems in cross-language information retrieval.

  12. 9.0 Non-Regular Languages and the Pumping Lemma Languages that can be described formally with an NFA, DFA, or a regular

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gordon, Scott

    9.0 Non-Regular Languages and the Pumping Lemma Languages that can be described formally to be useful to us here. The Pumping Lemma This theorem describes a property that a language must have in order - to show when a language is not regular. That is always how the pumping lemma is used. Briefly, the pumping

  13. Transparent runtime parallelization of the R scripting language

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yoginath, Srikanth B [ORNL

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Scripting languages such as R and Matlab are widely used in scientific data processing. As the data volume and the complexity of analysis tasks both grow, sequential data processing using these tools often becomes the bottleneck in scientific workflows. We describe pR, a runtime framework for automatic and transparent parallelization of the popular R language used in statistical computing. Recognizing scripting languages interpreted nature and data analysis codes use pattern, we propose several novel techniques: (1) applying parallelizing compiler technology to runtime, whole-program dependence analysis of scripting languages, (2) incremental code analysis assisted with evaluation results, and (3) runtime parallelization of file accesses. Our framework does not require any modification to either the source code or the underlying R implementation. Experimental results demonstrate that pR can exploit both task and data parallelism transparently and overall has better performance as well as scalability compared to an existing parallel R package that requires code modification.

  14. The Influence of Integrating Technology in Language Learning Courses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Yulin

    2011-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

    Second language learning (L2) in many parts of the world often involves students in rote memorization and repetitive tasks that are not motivational. This study investigated how technology can be integrated into teaching ...

  15. New horizons in the study of child language acquisition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roy, Deb K.

    Naturalistic longitudinal recordings of child development promise to reveal fresh perspectives on fundamental questions of language acquisition. In a pilot effort, we have recorded 230,000 hours of audio-video recordings ...

  16. Poetry as Language Presentation: John Donne, Poet, Preacher, Craftsman

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rosu, Anca

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    E PRESENTATION JOHN DONNE POET, P R E A C H E R , CRAFTSMANthe last of the "gentlemen poets," among the last of thosematerial of language. As a poet he belongs to the 16th

  17. CSE526: Principles of Programming Languages (Spring 2003) Scott Stoller

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stoller, Scott

    CSE526: Principles of Programming Languages (Spring 2003) Scott Stoller Exam 1 (version 25mar2003- edly reads inputs until it reads a value k that is not equal to the current value of v

  18. CONCEPTUAL: A Network Correctness and Performance Testing Language Scott Pakin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CONCEPTUAL: A Network Correctness and Performance Testing Language Scott Pakin CCS-3: Modeling by a running application. Con- sider, for example, a bandwidth benchmark, which purport- edly measures data

  19. LEARNING SEMANTICS-ENHANCED LANGUAGE MODELS APPLIED TO UNSUEPRVISED WSD

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    VERSPOOR, KARIN [Los Alamos National Laboratory; LIN, SHOU-DE [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2007-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

    An N-gram language model aims at capturing statistical syntactic word order information from corpora. Although the concept of language models has been applied extensively to handle a variety of NLP problems with reasonable success, the standard model does not incorporate semantic information, and consequently limits its applicability to semantic problems such as word sense disambiguation. We propose a framework that integrates semantic information into the language model schema, allowing a system to exploit both syntactic and semantic information to address NLP problems. Furthermore, acknowledging the limited availability of semantically annotated data, we discuss how the proposed model can be learned without annotated training examples. Finally, we report on a case study showing how the semantics-enhanced language model can be applied to unsupervised word sense disambiguation with promising results.

  20. Methods for pronunciation assessment in computer aided language learning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peabody, Mitchell A. (Mitchell Aaron)

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Learning a foreign language is a challenging endeavor that entails acquiring a wide range of new knowledge including words, grammar, gestures, sounds, etc. Mastering these skills all require extensive practice by the learner ...

  1. A Birds Eye View of Human Language Evolution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berwick, Robert C.

    Comparative studies of linguistic faculties in animals pose an evolutionary paradox: language involves certain perceptual and motor abilities, but it is not clear that this serves as more than an inputoutput channel for ...

  2. The Development of the Emerald Programming Language Andrew P. Black

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Black, Andrew P.

    The Development of the Emerald Programming Language Andrew P. Black Portland State University black@cs.pdx.edu Norman C. Hutchinson University of British Columbia norm@cs.ubc.ca Eric Jul University of Copenhagen eric

  3. Towards Agile Language Engineering Daniel A. Sadilek Markus Scheidgen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Freytag, Johann-Christoph

    , the Agile Manifesto [7] defined principles for agile software development. Agile software development lies, software quality, and developer productivity. It pro- vides short iteration cycles, intensive userTowards Agile Language Engineering Daniel A. Sadilek Markus Scheidgen Guido Wachsmuth Stephan

  4. Language processing in the occipital cortex of congenitally blind

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bedny, Marina

    Humans are thought to have evolved brain regions in the left frontal and temporal cortex that are uniquely capable of language processing. However, congenitally blind individuals also activate the visual cortex in some ...

  5. Power Law Discounting for N-Gram Language Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Songfang; Renals, Steve

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present an approximation to the Bayesian hierarchical Pitman-Yor process language model which maintains the power law distribution over word tokens, while not requiring a computationally expensive approximate inference process. This approximation...

  6. Natural Language Engineering http://journals.cambridge.org/NLE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bergler, Sabine

    Natural Language Engineering http://journals.cambridge.org/NLE Additional services for Natural1351324912000289 Request Permissions : Click here Downloaded from http://journals.cambridge.org/NLE, IP address information retrieval (search with Google, Bing, etc.), but

  7. Natural Language Generation for the Semantic Web: Unsupervised template extraction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duma, Daniel

    2012-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

    I propose an architecture for a Natural Language Generation system that automatically learns sentence templates, together with statistical document planning, from parallel RDF data and text. To this end, I design, build and test a proof...

  8. agent markup language: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 Web Markup Languages Definitions and examples Computer Technologies and Information...

  9. Information extraction to facilitate translation of natural language legislation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Samuel (Samuel Siyue)

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    There is a large body of existing legislation and policies that govern how government organizations and corporations can share information. Since these rules are generally expressed in natural language, it is difficult and ...

  10. Web Search Evaluator Canada Required Language: English or French

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Web Search Evaluator ­ Canada Required Language: English or French Who We Are: Appen is a language in working with the Internet. · Experience with Web browsers in navigating a variety of content. · A broad French Projects: http://EREC.APPEN.COM:8000/sap/bc/erecruiting/posting_apply?param=cG9zdF9pbnN0 X2d1aWQ9

  11. Giftedness in Hispanic English Language Learners: Early Stages of Identification

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Esquierdo, Joy J.; Irby, Beverly; Lara-Alecio, Rafael

    2010-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

    GT ELLs ? Address the ambiguity of assessing for GT ? Improve the identification process of Hispanic GT ELLs at the kindergarten level Definitions ? Language proficiency (Canales, 1994) ? English Language Learners (ELLs) ? Limited English...-Alecio, 1996) ? Resulted from two comprehensive studies and extensive review of literature ? Grade levels: Kindergarten ? 4th grade ? Purpose: Determine if further testing for GT service is needed Instrumentation ? HBGSI ? 78-item checklist designed...

  12. SOME OBSERVATIONS ON SOCIOLINGUISTIC VARIATION AND AMERICAN SIGN LANGUAGE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Woodward, James C., Jr.

    1973-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    changes in codes and code structures. As far as social aspects of the deaf community are concerned, only ten percent of deaf children are born of deaf parents. For the majority of the deaf, transmission of deaf culture takes place in state residential... + 1; or ABCD, BCD, CD, 0, and none of these). Languages tend not to have the mathematically possible number of lects; languages do tend to have lects that can be described in terms of the implicational model. The mathematical (possible...

  13. Final Report for CORBA for Fourth Generation Language

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Svetlana Shasharina

    2005-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

    The standard for object based networking is the Common Object Request Broker Architecture (CORBA). However, CORBA is not available for Fourth Generation Languages (4GL's) such as Visual Numerics? PV-WAVE or Research Systems? Interactive Data Language (RSI-IDL), which are widely used by scientists and engineers for data visualization and analysis. The proposed work would provide a set of tools to allow 4GL's to interoperate with CORBA.

  14. Effects of Orthographic Depth on Literacy Performance: Reading Comprehension Difficulties Across Languages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McClung, Nicola Ann

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Across Languages By Nicola Ann McClung A dissertationAcross Languages 2012 Nicola Ann McClung Abstract Effectsacross Languages by Nicola Ann McClung Doctor of Philosophy

  15. Automated Methods for Interpreting Geospatial Natural Language Dr Kristin Stock, Nottingham Geospatial Institute, University of Nottingham

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stock, Kristin

    NaturalGeo Automated Methods for Interpreting Geospatial Natural Language Dr Kristin Stock, Nottingham Geospatial Institute, University of Nottingham 2012-2014 What is geospatial natural language diagrams best match 2000 geospatial natural language expressions. The results will populate our

  16. Early usage of DO in children with and without Specific Language Impairment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blossom, Megan Stratton

    2009-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    This study examined the early uses of DO in the spontaneous language samples of 89 children, 37 with Specific Language Impairment, age 5;0-5;6, 37 age-equivalent control children, and 15 language-equivalent control children, ...

  17. Mathematics, Language, and Bilingual Latina/o Learners: A Review of the Empirical Research Literature

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moschkovich, Judit

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Educational Studies in Mathematics, 43, 243-269. Spanos,Some examples from Mathematics, Language 40 math andbilingual learners and mathematics. Mathematics, Language 31

  18. Feedback in Intelligent Computer-Assisted Language Learning and Second Language Acquisition: A study of its effect on the acquisition of French past tense aspect using an Intelligent Language Tutoring System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hanson, Ruth Mary

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Questions surrounding the impact of feedback in response to learner error are of interest in the fields of both Second Language Acquisition (SLA) and Intelligent Computer-Assisted Language Learning (ICALL). Current ...

  19. Exploiting Reflection to Add Persistence and Query Optimization to a Statically Typed Object-Oriented Language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    programming language (PPL) that also provides one or more collection types and supports the processing (optimization) of queries on collections. A PPL is a programming language in which created objects processing PL DBPL PPL Figure 1: Transition from programming language to database programming language. #12

  20. THE SIZE-CHANGE TERMINATION PRINCIPLE FOR CONSTRUCTOR BASED LANGUAGES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    THE SIZE-CHANGE TERMINATION PRINCIPLE FOR CONSTRUCTOR BASED LANGUAGES PIERRE HYVERNAT Abstract to improve the size-change termination principle of Lee, Jones and Ben-Amram. The points of interest-change termination principle ([1]) is a simple, yet surprisingly strong termination checker for generic programming

  1. Automated Termination Analysis: From Term Rewriting to Programming Languages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ábrahám, Erika

    Automated Termination Analysis: From Term Rewriting to Programming Languages J¨urgen Giesl LuFG Informatik 2 RWTH Aachen Ahornstr. 55 52074 Aachen, Germany giesl@informatik.rwth-aachen.de Termination important for program verification. Traditionally, tech- niques for automated termination analysis were

  2. From Termination to Cost (in Object-Oriented Languages)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Politécnica de Madrid, Universidad

    From Termination to Cost (in Object-Oriented Languages) Elvira Albert Complutense University of Madrid (Spain) 11th International Workshop on Termination Edinburgh, 14 July, 2010 Elvira Albert From Termination to Cost #12;Outline of the Talk 1 Simple Imperative Bytecode Programs Elvira Albert From

  3. MATLAB -The Language of Technical http://www.mathworks.com

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    White, Robert D.

    MATLAB ® - The Language of Technical Computing http://www.mathworks.com Session #1: Introduction to Matlab, basic data manipulation and computation, plotting, numerical calculus. #12;What is MATLAB good for? -Matrix calculations (MatLab= "Matrix" Lab) -Manipulating and plotting data... especially large

  4. MATLAB -The Language of Technical http://www.mathworks.com

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    White, Robert D.

    MATLAB ® - The Language of Technical Computing http://www.mathworks.com #12;What is MATLAB good for? -Matrix calculations (MatLab= "Matrix" Lab) -Manipulating and plotting data... especially large data sets Matlab... under "Engineering and Science Applications" in the START menu. #12;#12;Matlab Help: lookfor

  5. Law, Logic and Language in Legal Computer Science

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cheng, Eugenia

    Law, Logic and Language in Legal Computer Science Michael Heather School of Law University of Northumbria at Newcastle, NE1 8ST, UK B.Nick Rossiter Computing Science Newcastle University, NE1 7RU B.N.Rossiter@ncl.ac.uk November 1995 Abstract Legal computer science requires a theoretical basis which can be realized

  6. Combinatorial Auctions with Externalities: Basic Properties and Bidding Languages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Atkinson, Katie

    's valuation function. We then develop a bidding language for combinatorial auctions with externalities. The lan- guage uses weighted logical formulae to represent bidder valuation functions. We then investigate, and characterise the complexity of classifying the properties of valuation functions. We then present two

  7. UPC Language and Library Specifications, Version 1.3

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    UPC Consortium; Bonachea, Dan; Funck, Gary

    2013-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

    UPC is an explicitly parallel extension to the ISO C 99 Standard. UPC follows the partitioned global address space programming model. This document is the formal specification for the UPC language and library syntax and semantics, and supersedes prior specification version 1.2 (LBNL-59208).

  8. Identifying the Original Contribution of a Document via Language Modeling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joachims, Thorsten

    and impact, and we show how it can find text passages that best summarize the original contributionIdentifying the Original Contribution of a Document via Language Modeling Benyah Shaparenko Cornell that a document contributes to a corpus, focusing on self-referential diachronic corpora such as research pub

  9. Identifying the Original Contribution of a Document via Language Modeling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joachims, Thorsten

    Identifying the Original Contribution of a Document via Language Modeling Benyah Shaparenko the original ideas that a document contributes to a corpus, focusing on self-referential diachronic corpora such as research publications, blogs, email, and news articles. Our statistical model of passage impact defines

  10. English Language Centre Certificate in Academic English and Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Applebaum, David

    -class Reading Assessment READING WEEK 8 Evaluating academic articles Commenting on a text / Critiquing skills (1English Language Centre Certificate in Academic English and Law Appendix 1 ­ Provisional Syllabus test / Diagnostic grammar test 2 Intro to academic writing / Academic style Review of diagnostic tests

  11. Large Scale Language Modeling in Automatic Speech Recognition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tomkins, Andrew

    of perplexity (PPL) [1]: PPL(M) = exp(- 1 N N k=1 ln [PM (wk|Wk-1)]) (3) A more relevant metric for ASR the PPL and word error rate (WER) for two language models (3-gram and 5-gram, respectively) built

  12. Quantitative Languages for Complex Systems Applied to Biological Structure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    representations of the system. We illustrate the development of such languages using the structure of Drosophila this problem as well as to promote the study of complex systems as a systematic discipline, we seek to develop, life cycle stages, mutant abnormalities, gene expression patterns, genetic interactions, etc. In order

  13. Data Models and Query Languages for Linked Geospatial Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koubarakis, Manolis

    Data Models and Query Languages for Linked Geospatial Data Manolis Koubarakis, Manos Karpathiotakis,mk,kkyzir,charnik,sioutis}@di.uoa.gr Abstract. The recent availability of geospatial information as linked open data has generated new interest in geospatial query processing and reasoning, a topic with a long tradition of research in the areas

  14. Access Control Policies and Languages in Open Environments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Samarati, Pierangela

    systems is specifying and enforcing access control security policies regulating interactions between languages and coming from different systems can be combined. 1 Introduction Access control is the process should be granted or denied. Access control plays an important role in overall system security

  15. Robot Path Planning in Uncertain Environments: A Language-Measure-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ray, Asok

    Robot Path Planning in Uncertain Environments: A Language-Measure- Theoretic Approach Devesh K. Jha the problem of goal-directed robot path planning in the presence of uncertainties that are induced by bounded, probabilistic finite state automata 1 Motivation and Introduction In general, path planning of robots (e

  16. CSE526: Principles of Programming Languages (Spring 2003) Scott Stoller

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stoller, Scott

    CSE526: Principles of Programming Languages (Spring 2003) Scott Stoller Exam 2 (version 24apr2003). Problem 2 Consider the lambda calculus expression (f.f(fI))P1, where we used the following abbre- viations: I = (x.x), P1 = (x.y.x). (a) Give a proof of the normal order evaluation of this expression using

  17. 1 ON LANGUAGES FOR DYNAMIC RESOURCE SCHEDULING PROBLEMS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Powell, Warren B.

    , mathematics, chemistry and the oil industry. Particularly in today's relatively specialized economy, it is di are: management, operations, marketing and human resources. Management thinks of itself a1 ON LANGUAGES FOR DYNAMIC RESOURCE SCHEDULING PROBLEMS Warren B. Powell Abstract: The modeling

  18. STQL --A SPATIO-TEMPORAL QUERY LANGUAGE Martin Erwig

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Erwig, Martin

    evolutions of spatial objects over time. We consider spatio- temporal operations that are particularly useful is to provide a DBMS data model and query language capable of handling such time-dependent geome- tries. Thereby. Our modeling also includes the sim- pler, discrete case where temporal evolutions are stepwise

  19. The Enfreakment of Language: Disability, Eugenics, and Rhetoric

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wheeler, Stephanie K

    2014-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

    eugenicist logic in the language of U.S. Ugly Laws is mirrored in Nazi euthanasia practices. Next, I illustrate the collapse of a system based on eradication through an examination of representations of Anne Frank, demonstrating how eugenicist logics of Nazi...

  20. University of New Orleans M.A. in Romance Languages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kulp, Mark

    ramifications, urban planning, and related fields will be offered a broad spectrum of courses to meet their specific needs and interests, e.g., 'Business French/Spanish," 'Contemporary Culture,' "French/Spanish Thought,' "French/Spanish Contemporary Society and Institutions,' and others. The Language, Culture

  1. Numerica: a Modeling Language for Global Optimization Pascal Van Hentenryck

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neumaier, Arnold

    equilibrium problems, and design problems (e.g., nu­ clear reactor design). The field of global optimizationNumerica: a Modeling Language for Global Optimization Pascal Van Hentenryck Brown University Box or to optimize a nonlinear function subject to nonlinear constraints. This includes appli­ cations

  2. Kusunda: An Indo-Pacific language in Nepal Paul Whitehouse

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ruhlen, Merritt

    Kusunda: An Indo-Pacific language in Nepal Paul Whitehouse , Timothy Usher , Merritt Ruhlen people of central Nepal have long been regarded as a relic tribe of South Asia. They are, or were until people of central Nepal are one of the few ``relic'' tribes found on the Indian subcontinent (the Nahali

  3. Adaptation of Pronunciation Dictionaries for Recognition of Unseen Languages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schultz, Tanja

    investigates LVCSR systems in 15 languages of the world, namely Arabic, Chinese, Croatian, English, French Speakers Word units Training Data TrCD TrCI TrCD TrCI Chinese 5149 79 150K Croatian 2826 2616 62 64 80K), Croatian, German, Japanese, Korean, Portuguese, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Tamil and Turkish. In each

  4. S429 (#29558) Variation and Language in Context Themester 2012

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Indiana University

    , and academic discourse. Prerequisites: S326 or departmental permission. Please contact the instructor if you Cultures in the Language Classroom. Ann Arbor: The University of Michigan Press. Articles on E-reserves: S for additional information regarding students' rights and responsibilities: Academic Affairs Office, College

  5. FACULTY OF ARTS & SCIENCE 2012/13 SLAVIC LANGUAGES AND

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toronto, University of

    in Translation SLA234H1 - Russian and Soviet Cinema #12;FACULTY OF ARTS & SCIENCE 2012/13 SLA240H1 - New FormsFACULTY OF ARTS & SCIENCE 2012/13 SLAVIC LANGUAGES AND LITERATURES www of Polish Literature and Culture: A Survey SLA225H1 - The Czech and Slovak Cinema SLA226H1 - Postwar Polish

  6. The Ciao Approach to the Dynamic vs. Static Language Dilemma

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Politécnica de Madrid, Universidad

    . Static Languages The environment in which much software needs to be developed nowadays (de- coupled Development Technology (IMDEA Software Institute) {manuel.hermenegildo,pedro.lopez,jose.morales}@imdea.org 3 software development, use of components and services, increased inter- operability constraints, need

  7. Natural Language Engineering http://journals.cambridge.org/NLE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wintner, Shuly

    Natural Language Engineering http://journals.cambridge.org/NLE Additional services for Natural1351324912000101 Request Permissions : Click here Downloaded from http://journals.cambridge.org/NLE, IP address: 79 as anchors that delimit the search space. We use a large monolingual corpus to rank and filter

  8. 45-Day Language Hearing Agenda Building Energy Efficiency Standards

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shirakh 09:15 AM Revisions to Sections 10-101 10-114 Energy Building Regulations, All Occupancies Gary45-Day Language Hearing Agenda Building Energy Efficiency Standards Revisions for Residential for Solar Ready Buildings All Occupancies Patrick Saxton 10:35 AM Revisions to Sections 150

  9. Synchronous Programs Testing Language Mouna TKA Mnad1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    of the language Let's consider the following simple reactive program, an air-conditioner controller. The program inputs are: onOff (Boolean: true when the user pushes the On-Off button of the air-conditioner), Tamb of the air-conditioner ) and Tout (integer: indicates the temperature of the air that the air-conditioner

  10. 2011-2012BROWNBAGCOLLOQUIUMSERIES Charter on Language Policy and Language Rights in the Creole-Speaking Caribbean: Sociolinguistic implications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berdichevsky, Victor

    -Speaking Caribbean: Sociolinguistic implications WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 26, 2011 12:30 PM - 1:30PM 2339 FACULTY of native speakers of minority languages and dialects, including the speakers of Caribbean creoles. As a bold corrective response to this situation, the recently created International Centre for Caribbean

  11. MA in Modern Languages The School of Languages and Literatures invites applications for its taught MA in Modern

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MA in Modern Languages. With dedicated academic staff in its subject areas of French, German, Italian courses on cultural and literary theory, choosing their remaining four from a broad range of options Theory Introduction to Literary Theory Minor Thesis (30 credits) Optional Modules (Four of:) French

  12. SLALOM: a Language for SLA specification and monitoring

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Correia, Anacleto; Amaral, Vasco

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    IT services provisioning is usually underpinned by service level agreements (SLAs), aimed at guaranteeing services quality. However, there is a gap between the customer perspective (business oriented) and that of the service provider (implementation oriented) that becomes more evident while defining and monitoring SLAs. This paper proposes a domain specific language (SLA Language for specificatiOn and Monitoring - SLALOM) to bridge the previous gap. The first step in SLALOM creation was factoring out common concepts, by composing the BPMN metamodel with that of the SLA life cycle, as described in ITIL. The derived metamodel expresses the SLALOM abstract syntax model. The second step was to write concrete syntaxes targeting different aims, such as SLA representation in process models. An example of SLALOM's concrete syntax model instantiation for an IT service sup-ported by self-service financial terminals is presented.

  13. Mathematics as an Exact and Precise Language of Nature

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Afsar Abbas

    2005-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

    One of the outstanding problems of philosophy of science and mathematics today is whether there is just "one" unique mathematics or the same can be bifurcated into "pure" and "applied" categories. A novel solution for this problem is offered here. This will allow us to appreciate the manner in which mathematics acts as an exact and precise language of nature. This has significant implications for Artificial Intelligence.

  14. Cross-Language Text Classification J. Scott Olsson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oard, Doug

    word cj . That is, Ei,j P(ei|cj ), 1 i Ne, 1 j Nc E = 0 B @ P(e1|c1) · · · P(e1|cCross-Language Text Classification J. Scott Olsson Dept. of Mathematics University of Maryland their Czech counterparts (e.g., to discuss London more than Prague), so that, having only documents in English

  15. A study on metrics for simulation programming languages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nallapati, Kumar V.

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    proposes models for metrics specially designed for use in simulation modeling which can help in evaluating the performance and resource requirements of simulation programming languages. Certain existing software metrics for general purpose programming... GPSS and SIMAN. With these characteristics and the existing metrics, models were developed for evaluation of software and hardware requirements for a given simulation problem. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS I thank Dr. Sallie Sheppard, Chairperson of my committee...

  16. Learning to understand spatial language for robotic navigation and mobile manipulation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kollar, Thomas (Thomas Fleming)

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis focuses on understanding task-constrained natural language commands, where a person gives a natural language command to the robot and the robot infers and executes the corresponding plan. Understanding natural ...

  17. LANGUAGE ATTITUDES OF IRAQI NATIVE SPEAKERS OF ARABIC: A SOCIOLINGUISTIC INVESTIGATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Murad, Mohammed Kamil

    2014-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

    (Kurdistan). On the formal level, all legislations, laws, and official documents should be in both languages. The Iraqi constitution itself is written in SA and Kurdish. A range of other minority languages are spoken by different ethnic groups in Iraq...

  18. Web-based, speech-enabled games for vocabulary acquisition in a foreign language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McGraw, Ian C. (Ian Carmichael)

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this thesis, I present two novel ways in which speech recognition technology might aid students with vocabulary acquisition in a foreign language. While research in the applied linguistics field of second language ...

  19. Individual minds create universal patterns Exploring word order universals using an artificial language learning experiment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sptgens, Tessa

    2011-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

    In recent years, the interest of language universals for researchers of language evolution has been pointed out in various publications. Word order universals are particularly robust examples, and the present dissertation ...

  20. Revealing language deficits following stroke: the cost of doing two things at once

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kemper, Susan; McDowd, Joan; Pohl, Patricia; Herman, Ruth; Jackson, Susan

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The costs of doing two things were assessed for a group of healthy older adults and older adults who were tested at least 6 months after a stroke. A baseline language sample was compared to language samples collected while ...

  1. E-Print Network 3.0 - assessing hemispheric language Sample Search...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Neuron, Vol. 21, 275278, August, 1998, Copyright 1998 by Cell Press Brain and Language: Minireview Summary: for language results from a specialization of these...

  2. Adult migrants and English language learning in museums: understanding the impact on social inclusion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clarke, Sherice Nicole

    2013-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

    This doctoral study explores the museum as site and resource for language learning by adult migrants, refugees and asylum seekers. English for Speakers of Other Languages (ESOL) provision has emerged over the past decade ...

  3. Making Our Way toward Teacher Education Programs in the Slavic Languages.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Comer, William J.

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Reflecting on the state of the field of teacher training in Slavic language programs in the 1990s, the author recommends programs build alliances for teacher training with other programs in the Less Commonly Taught Languages. Beginning teachers...

  4. An Investigation into the Role of Implicit Knowledge in Adult Second Language Acquisition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leonard Cook, Anna

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis investigates the role of implicit knowledge in second language acquisition, presenting five experiments and related simulations based on artificial grammar learning. It examines whether second language learners ...

  5. Towards a Formal Semantics for a Structurally Dynamic Noncausal Modelling Language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nilsson, Henrik

    modelling approach, promoting the reuse of components. Modelica is a prime example of this class of lan, many of these languages are referred to as object-oriented mod- elling languages. Modelica [23] is one

  6. Influence of limiting working memory resources on contextual facilitation in language processing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stewart, Oliver William Thomas

    2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Language processing is a complex task requiring the integration of many different streams of information. Theorists have considered that working memory plays an important role in language processing and that a reduction ...

  7. Use of Language in the Construction of Opionions on Immigration: The Presence of a Generation Gap?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Byrne, Agnes

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    to examine the use of linguistic techniques in language when constructing opinions on immigrants. This thesis adopted an additional approach by comparing two generations use of language when constructing opinions on immigration, to determine similarities...

  8. Summary of Master Degree Thesis "Italian Language for Specific Purposes. The experience at the Military

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , to be inscribed in a general reflection about humanistic- affective didactics of foreign languages in a particular

  9. From Hybrid Data-Flow Languages to Hybrid Automata: A Complete Translation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    systems. Languages like Simulink1 , Modelica2 , and Zelus [6] have been developed to support the modelling

  10. Properties of Context-free Languages We give the Pumping Lemma.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goddard, Wayne

    Properties of Context-free Languages We give the Pumping Lemma. #12;Proving Languages Not Context-Free Some languages cannot be recognized even by PDAs. But to prove this we need the Pumping Lemma. Pumping is in A for all i 0. We use notation z(i) = uviwxiy. Goddard 9b: 2 #12;Proof of Pumping Lemma Assume

  11. Mind & Language, Vol. 22 No. 4 September 2007, pp. 366401. 2007 The Author

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barrett, Jeffrey A.

    Mind & Language, Vol. 22 No. 4 September 2007, pp. 366­401. © 2007 The Author Journal compilation of language (and mind) to dualistic standards (e.g. Chomsky, 1986, ch. 4; 2000, ch. 2-6; 1975, ch. 4 approach to the mind that considers language and similar phenomena to be elements of the natural world

  12. CLASSIFICATION: Social: Anthropology TITLE: Kusunda: an Indo-Pacific language in Nepal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, William Shi-Yuan

    CLASSIFICATION: Social: Anthropology TITLE: Kusunda: an Indo-Pacific language in Nepal AUTHORS,247 1 #12;Kusunda: an Indo-Pacific language in Nepal 2 ABSTRACT: The Kusunda people of central Nepal both a linguistic and genetic perspective. #12;Kusunda: an Indo-Pacific language in Nepal 3 The Kusunda

  13. Researcher SPOTLIGHT The University of Maryland Center for Advanced Study of Language (CASL)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Milchberg, Howard

    of knowledge, but also directly serves the critical needs of the nation. W hat does it mean to be human to under- stand how humans learn language in order to help people both acquire a second language in pitch can change the entire meaning of a word. Such subtleties make tonal languages particularly

  14. Text-To-Speech for Languages without an Orthography Sukhada Palkar Alan W Black Alok Parlikar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Black, Alan W

    Language Technologies Institute Carnegie Mellon University Pittsburgh (PA), USA {spalkar, awb, aup} @cs is an initial attempt at building synthetic voices for such languages. It may seem useless to develop a text from a closely related language. We use Automatic Speech Recognition technology to develop this writing

  15. PAN@FIRE 2013: Overview of the Cross-Language !ndian News

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rosso, Paolo

    PAN@FIRE 2013: Overview of the Cross-Language !ndian News Story Search (CL!NSS) Track Parth Gupta1 , Paul Clough2 , Paolo Rosso1 Mark Stevenson2 , and Rafael E. Banchs3 1 NLE Lab, Universitat Politècnica and abundant language resource. This edition of PAN@FIRE task, cross-language !ndia news story search (CL

  16. Combining Graphics and Layout Language i n a Sing1e Interactive System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Combining Graphics and Layout Language i n a Sing1e Interactive System by Stephen Trimberger. Copyright, California Institute of Technology, 1980 #12;Combining Graphics and Layout Language in a Single a design in that language, one must plot it. Interactive graphics systems, on the other hand, allow

  17. Selected Translated Abstracts of Chinese-Language Climate Change Publications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cushman, R.M.; Burtis, M.D.

    1999-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report contains English-translated abstracts of important Chinese-language literature concerning global climate change for the years 1995-1998. This body of literature includes the topics of adaptation, ancient climate change, climate variation, the East Asia monsoon, historical climate change, impacts, modeling, and radiation and trace-gas emissions. In addition to the biological citations and abstracts translated into English, this report presents the original citations and abstracts in Chinese. Author and title indexes are included to assist the reader in locating abstracts of particular interest.

  18. Adult Female English Language Learners: Investment, Identity and Benefits

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wharton, Anna

    2013-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

    appreciated. Third, I thank everyone who helped me throughout my research: Dr. Bonny Norton and Dr. Ellen Skilton-Sylvester for their kind correspondences; the teams at iRIS and the IRB; Kerri Smith in the TLAC office; and the lovely people from... past surface motivation to investigating language investment and how a learner?s identity and learning experience interface, and the effect that each has on the other. Since the birth of Norton Peirce?s (1995) notion of investment, studies have...

  19. Plain Language Compliance Report (2014) | Department of Energy

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the1 - September 2006Photovoltaic Theory and ModelingPink Skies ComingPlain Language

  20. A Global View Programming Abstraction for Transitioning MPI Codes to PGAS Languages

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mintz, Tiffany M [ORNL] [ORNL; Hernandez, Oscar R [ORNL] [ORNL; Bernholdt, David E [ORNL] [ORNL

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The multicore generation of scientific high performance computing has provided a platform for the realization of Exascale computing, and has also underscored the need for new paradigms in coding parallel applications. The current standard for writing parallel applications requires programmers to use languages designed for sequential execution. These languages have abstractions that only allow programmers to operate on the process centric local view of data. To provide suitable languages for parallel execution, many research efforts have designed languages based on the Partitioned Global Address Space (PGAS) programming model. Chapel is one of the more recent languages to be developed using this model. Chapel supports multithreaded execution with high-level abstractions for parallelism. With Chapel in mind, we have developed a set of directives that serve as intermediate expressions for transitioning scientific applications from languages designed for sequential execution to PGAS languages like Chapel that are being developed with parallelism in mind.

  1. First Joint Workshop on Statistical Parsing of Morphologically Rich Languages and Syntactic Analysis of Non-Canonical Languages, pages 103109 Dublin, Ireland, August 23-29 2014.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. Page numbers and proceedings footer are added.tsarfaty@weizmann.ac.il 1 Introduction This first joint meeting on Statistical Parsing of Morphologically Rich Languages of morpholog- ically rich languages (SPMRL). The goal of the shared task is to allow to train and test

  2. A Machine-Checked, Type-Safe Model of Java Concurrency : Language, Virtual Machine, Memory Model, and Verified Compiler.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lochbihler, Andreas

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ??The Java programming language provides safety and security guarantees such as type safety and its security architecture. They distinguish it from other mainstream programming languages (more)

  3. Brita Bergman (born 30/3 1946) CURRICULUM VITAE 2011 Sign Language Section, Department of Linguistics Abridged version

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , and 5th Symposia of Sign Language Research (Stockholm 1979, Rome 1983, Lappeenranta 1987, Salamanca 1992

  4. Multilingual Practices of Senegalese Immigrants in Paris and Rome: A Comparative Study of Language Use and Identity Construction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Maya Angela

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    French language vigorously, while Abdou Diouf, who succeededaussi le deuxime prsident, Abdou Diouf, qui vit maintenant

  5. Effects of Orthographic Depth on Literacy Performance: Reading Comprehension Difficulties Across Languages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McClung, Nicola Ann

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Specific reading disability (dyslexia): What have we learnedThe nature and causes of dyslexia in different languages. Inreading deficit in developmental dyslexia: A review. Reading

  6. Reading Acquisition, Developmental Dyslexia, and Skilled Reading Across Languages: A Psycholinguistic Grain Size Theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Port, Robert

    Reading Acquisition, Developmental Dyslexia, and Skilled Reading Across Languages representations and accompanying differences in developmental reading strategies and the manifestation of dyslexia

  7. Language Assessment as a System: Best Practices, Stakeholders, Models, and Testimonials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Avineri, Netta; Londe, Zsuzsa; Hardacre, Bahiyyih; Carris, Lauren; So, Youngsoon; Majidpour, Mostafa

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    language assessment. Mostafa Majidpour is a second-year PhDcoordinator), and Mostafa Majidpour (current UCLA electricalYoungsoon So and Mostafa Majidpour). When one considers the

  8. E-Print Network 3.0 - architecture programming language Sample...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    the C Programming Language, 3rd edition, 2005. C. Moler, Numerical Computing with MATLAB... the programming topics. With that said, the things we look for in a programming...

  9. E-Print Network 3.0 - advanced computation languages Sample Search...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ; Materials Science 35 Professional Accomplishments and University Service of Marvin Solomon Summary: of computer science, publishing over 40 papers in programming languages,...

  10. Review guidelines on software languages for use in nuclear power plant safety systems. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hecht, H.; Hecht, M.; Graff, S.; Green, W.; Lin, D.; Koch, S.; Tai, A.; Wendelboe, D. [SoHaR, Inc., Beverly Hills, CA (United States)

    1996-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Guidelines for the programming and auditing of software written in high level languages for safety systems are presented. The guidelines are derived from a framework of issues significant to software safety which was gathered from relevant standards and research literature. Language-specific adaptations of these guidelines are provided for the following high level languages: Ada, C/C++, Programmable Logic Controller (PLC) Ladder Logic, International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) Standard 1131-3 Sequential Function Charts, Pascal, and PL/M. Appendices to the report include a tabular summary of the guidelines and additional information on selected languages.s

  11. A connectionist model of the effect of pro-drop on SVO languages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Van Everbroeck, Ezra Laurens

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    from our language learning simulations to what is known1999). Human simulations of vocabulary learning. Cognition,but our simulations have demonstrated that learning several

  12. Evolution of a Simple Compositional Language Using Animat-Based Modeling and Simulation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moritani, Masaki

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    to handle the problems. Learning Simulations with imitationas the simulation runs without learning. For this reason,language using a simulation more dependent on learning than

  13. Use of modular web developments to ease the language barrier of Hypertext Processing and Structured Query Language by Jarrell Dwayne Johnson.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Jarrell Dwayne

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Four modules were developed with the extensive use of Personal Home Page (PHP) Hypertext Processing and Structured Query Language (SQL) in order to improve web-integrated capabilities of events planning, user account ...

  14. In the Land of Invented Languages: Esperanto Rock Stars, Klingon Poets, Loglan Lovers, and the Mad Dreamers Who Tried to Build a Perfect Language - By Arika Okrent

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, Graham M.

    While it is not a scholarly work, Arika Okrents In the Land of Invented Languages recommends itself to linguistic anthropologists on a variety of counts. An intellectual picaresque describing the authors historical and ...

  15. EXPLORING THE SPECTRUM OF MOTIVATION IN SECOND LANGUAGE SETTINGS: IDENTIFYING AND EVALUATING NEW FORMS OF MOTIVATION IN COLLEGE FOREIGN LANGUAGE COURSES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Begenchev, Mike

    2011-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The main objectives of this study were: to determine if college students in foreign language classes had more external motivation than internal motivation; to investigate the strength of motivation in college foreign ...

  16. When language policy and pedagogy conflict: pupils and educators practiced language policies in an English-medium kindergarten classroom in Greece

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Papageorgiou, Ifigenia

    2012-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

    An international school (BES) in Greece, overwhelmingly attended by Greek origin children, has adopted, as its language policy, English as the official medium of interaction, including in the Reception classroom, the ...

  17. For further information, contact: Chiara Ariotti, Department of Languages Translation and Media Email: c.Ariotti@swansea.ac.uk Tel: +44 (0)1792 602245

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin, Ralph R.

    for jobs, languages skills can be a bonus, setting you apart from other candidates. The Languages for All week). LFA BEGINNERS Module code Title Credits Teaching Block MLG140 Languages for All German 1 10 1 MLG141 Languages for All German 2 10 2 MLF140 Languages for All French 1 10 1 MLF141 Languages

  18. Automated Termination Analysis for Haskell: From Term Rewriting to Programming Languages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Middeldorp, Aart

    Automated Termination Analysis for Haskell: From Term Rewriting to Programming Languages J the application of existing techniques from term rewriting in order to prove termination of programs in the functional language Has- kell. In particular, we show how termination techniques for ordinary re- writing can

  19. Automated Termination Analysis for Haskell: From Term Rewriting to Programming Languages #

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ábrahám, Erika

    Automated Termination Analysis for Haskell: From Term Rewriting to Programming Languages # J the application of existing techniques from term rewriting in order to prove termination of programs in the functional language Has­ kell. In particular, we show how termination techniques for ordinary re­ writing can

  20. Specification and Validation of New Control Algorithms for Electric Drives Using SpecC Language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Irvine, University of

    Specification and Validation of New Control Algorithms for Electric Drives Using SpecC LanguageC design methodology. Keywords-- Electric Drives, Control, Specification, Validation I. INTRODUCTION Today presentation of the electrical drives and of the SpecC language. Then, we present the specification model

  1. Specification and Validation of New Control Algorithms for Electric Drives using SpecC Language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Irvine, University of

    Specification and Validation of New Control Algorithms for Electric Drives using SpecC Language://www.cecs.uci.edu/~gajski #12;Specification and Validation of New Control Algorithms for Electric Drives using SpecC Language://www.cecs.uci.edu/~gajski Abstract Today, the shortest time-to-market in the electric drives industries is being a pressing

  2. Contrasting Profiles of Language Development in Children with Williams and Down Syndromes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 Contrasting Profiles of Language Development in Children with Williams and Down Syndromes Naomi G in Children with Williams and Down Syndromes Abstract We describe language acquisition in two distinct genetically based syndromes. Parents of children with Williams syndrome (WMS) and Down syndrome (DNS) were

  3. Condensative Stream Query Language for Data Streams Lisha Ma1 Werner Nutt2 Hamish Taylor1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taylor, Hamish

    Condensative Stream Query Language for Data Streams Lisha Ma1 Werner Nutt2 Hamish Taylor1 1 School the answer to a similar non-aggregate query making query processing condensative. Cur- rent proposals for declarative query languages over data streams do not support such condensative pro- cessing. Nor is it yet

  4. Mathematics Language Skills of Second Year Analysis Students Tangl Kabael &Aynur zda

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spagnolo, Filippo

    Mathematics Language Skills of Second Year Analysis Students Tangül Kabael &Aynur ?zda tuygur@anadolu.edu.tr & aozdas@anadolu.edu.tr Abstract The purpose of this study is to determine mathematics language skills of second year analysis students taking Analysis IV course in Elementary Mathematics Education Program

  5. K.Stock et al. Creating a corpus of geospatial language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stock, Kristin

    K.Stock et al. Creating a corpus of geospatial language Kristin Stock* , Robert C Pasley, Zoe Gardner, Paul Brindley, Jeremy Morley and Claudia Cialone Nottingham Geospatial Institute, University, examples of geospatial language are usually collected from the personal knowledge of researchers

  6. Department of Languages and Cultures of Asia University of Wisconsin-Madison

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scharer, John E.

    . · Proficiency in Turkish is valuable to corpora ons, government, and other organiza ons promo ng alliances including the Turkish Language Table and Turkish Movie Days. There are also various grants and scholarships tute in Turkey (ARIT), Middle Eastern studies grants, Foreign Language and Area Studies (FLAS

  7. POET: A Scripting Language For Applying Parameterized Source-to-source Program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yi, Qing

    POET: A Scripting Language For Applying Parameterized Source-to-source Program Transformations Qing Yi (qingyi@cs.utsa.edu) University of Texas at San Antonio Abstract We present POET, a scripting as well as building ad-hoc translators between these languages. We have used POET to support a large

  8. POET: A Scripting Language For Applying Parameterized Source-to-source Program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yi, Qing

    POET: A Scripting Language For Applying Parameterized Source-to-source Program Transformations Qing Yi (qingyi@cs.utsa.edu) University of Texas at San Antonio Abstract We present POET, a scripting as well as building ad- hoc translators between these languages. We have used POET to support a large

  9. Available online at www.sciencedirect.com Computer Speech and Language 28 (2014) 607618

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beskow, Jonas

    Gurk and MacDonald, 1976). In acoustically adverse conditions, visible speech enhances speech comprehension and Language 28 (2014) 607­618 This audiovisual speech enhancement effect is particularly important for peopleAvailable online at www.sciencedirect.com Computer Speech and Language 28 (2014) 607­618 Animated

  10. Reinventing the Way of Construction: The Development of a New Design Language Proceedings IGLC '98 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tommelein, Iris D.

    Reinventing the Way of Construction: The Development of a New Design Language Proceedings IGLC '98 1 REINVENTING THE WAY OF CONSTRUCTION: THE DEVELOPMENT OF A NEW DESIGN LANGUAGE ROSSI RESIDENCIAL. The conceptions on the ideal model of industry went by great transformations in the last decades, especially after

  11. Business-Specific Languages for Organizational Modeling Joo Paulo Pedro Mendes de Sousa Saraiva 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    da Silva, Alberto Rodrigues

    Business-Specific Languages for Organizational Modeling João Paulo Pedro Mendes de Sousa Saraiva 1, there are many languages for business modeling, such as UML, BPMN and EPBE, which are well suited to describe. In business user- models, those concepts are usually only present as element names, and thus the modeling tool

  12. Update Propagation in Chimera, an Active DOOD Language \\Lambda Ulrike Griefahn Rainer Manthey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clausen, Michael

    Update Propagation in Chimera, an Active DOOD Language \\Lambda Ulrike Griefahn Rainer Manthey with the propagation of updates in an active DOOD language. The approach proposed is to make use of Chimera triggers for computing induced updates. It will be shown how a subset of Chimera's deductive rules can be compiled

  13. Outfix-Free Regular Languages and Prime Outfix-Free Decomposition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Han, Yo-Sub

    Outfix-Free Regular Languages and Prime Outfix-Free Decomposition Yo-Sub Han and Derick Wood and a set X of strings is outfix-free if no string in X is an outfix of any other string in X. We examine the outfix-free regular languages. Based on the properties of outfix strings, we develop a polynomial

  14. HINDI LANGUAGE KEYBOARD WITH VOICE SYNTHESIS FOR IPHONE (FACEBOOK AND TWITTER INTEGRATION)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kassegne, Samuel Kinde

    HINDI LANGUAGE KEYBOARD WITH VOICE SYNTHESIS FOR IPHONE (FACEBOOK AND TWITTER INTEGRATION Language Keyboard with Voice Synthesis for iPhone (Facebook and Twitter Integration) by Gaurav Kumar Master websites like Facebook and Twitter have proved to be an asset to the users for sharing their thoughts

  15. PIR: A Domain Specific Language for Multimedia Retrieval Xiaobing Huang and Tian Zhao

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhao, Tian

    PIR: A Domain Specific Language for Multimedia Retrieval Xiaobing Huang and Tian Zhao Department for efficiency and cannot be easily adapted for parallelization. In this paper, we present PIR (Pipeline To address these problems, we introduce a domain specific language: PIR 1 for developing MIR applications

  16. Language and the Brain Colin Phillips, University of Maryland & Kuniyoshi L. Sakai, University of Tokyo

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coulson, Seana

    1 Language and the Brain Colin Phillips, University of Maryland & Kuniyoshi L. Sakai, University in understanding what special properties of the human brain make such feats possible. Efforts to answer of the human brain are most important for language, first using findings from brain-damaged patients

  17. A Phenomenological Exploration of Novice Texas English/Language Arts Teachers' Experiences with Media Literacy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huie, Allison Martin

    2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

    A PHENOMENOLOGICAL EXPLORATION OF NOVICE TEXAS ENGLISH/LANGUAGE ARTS TEACHERS EXPERIENCES WITH MEDIA LITERACY A Dissertation by ALLISON MARTIN HUIE Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University... in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY August 2011 Major Subject: Curriculum and Instruction A Phenomenological Exploration of Novice Texas English/Language Arts...

  18. An error limit for the evolution of language Martin A. Nowak1*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nowak, Martin A.

    between word order and meaning or the use of grammatical morphemes for structuring the sentence. Proto a few valuable concepts. Adding more signals does not increase the ¢tness of a language. This represents with their own meaning (e.g. nouns referring to objects or verbs referring to actions). Proto-languages have

  19. APPL: A Probability Programming Language Maj. Andrew G. GLEN, Diane L. EVANS, and Lawrence M. LEEMIS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leemis, Larry

    APPL: A Probability Programming Language Maj. Andrew G. GLEN, Diane L. EVANS, and Lawrence M having arbitrary distributions. This arti- cle presents a prototype probability package named APPL (A probability software package, referred to as "A Prob- ability Programming Language" (APPL), that fills

  20. CHP and CHPsim: A Language and Simulator for Fine-Grain Distributed Computation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin, Alain

    1 CHP and CHPsim: A Language and Simulator for Fine-Grain Distributed Computation Alain J. Martin Abstract--This paper describes a complete and stable version of CHP and the simulator CHPsim. CHP partial versions of the language are already widely used, but CHP has never been presented as a complete

  1. A HYGROTHERMAL BUILDING MODEL BASED ON THE OBJECT-ORIENTED MODELING LANGUAGE MODELICA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A HYGROTHERMAL BUILDING MODEL BASED ON THE OBJECT-ORIENTED MODELING LANGUAGE MODELICA Christoph modeling language Modelica. As a starting point for the development of the new building model (thermal building simulation). The first results of this research are Modelica-implementations of a thermal

  2. Semantics Guided Filtering of Combinatorial Graph Transformations in Declarative Equation-Based Languages.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burns, Peter

    required to get the simulation working. The paper is organized as follows: Section 2 introduces Modelica, a new equation-based declarative language. Some specific Modelica language constructs necessary using Modelica. Section 5 gives some preliminary definitions related to the concept of bipartite graphs

  3. Visual Design of coherent Technology-Enhanced Learning Systems: a few lessons learned from CPM language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Visual Design of coherent Technology-Enhanced Learning Systems: a few lessons learned from CPM Systems: a few lessons learned from CPM language Abstract. Visual instructional design languages currently Botturi ; Todd Stubbs (Ed.) (2007) 254-280" #12;-1- Visual Design of coherent Technology-Enhanced Learning

  4. Page 1/2 www.sprachenzentrum.uzh.ch July 2013 Language Center

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zürich, Universität

    of the University of Zurich and ETH Zurich Rämistrasse 71 CH-8006 Zurich Phone +41 44 634 52 81 Fax +41 44 634 82 89Page 1/2 www.sprachenzentrum.uzh.ch July 2013 Language Center University of Zurich Language Center exams (various schools in the Zurich region, e.g. Volkshochschule, offer such preparation courses

  5. Page 1/1 www.sprachenzentrum.uzh.ch March 2014 Language Center

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zürich, Universität

    of the University of Zurich and ETH Zurich Rämistrasse 71 CH-8006 Zurich Phone +41 44 634 52 81 Fax +41 44 634 82 89Page 1/1 www.sprachenzentrum.uzh.ch March 2014 Language Center University of Zurich Language Center programs, at the Faculty of Law of the University of Zurich of 20 August 2012 Elective modules can

  6. General Purpose Work Flow Languages Alexander Forst, eva Kuhn and Omran Bukhres

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of Computer Sciences, West Lafayette, IN 47907, USA Abstract. Work flow management requires language support0 General Purpose Work Flow Languages Alexander Forst, eva K¨uhn and Omran Bukhres In: International Journal on Parallel and Distributed Databases, special issue on Software Support for Work Flow

  7. Towards a Methodology for the Design of Abstract Machines for Logic Programming Languages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhao, Yuxiao

    of Warren's Abstract Machine. The paper complements previous work of P. Kursawe who reconstructed several for the design of abstract machines and intermediate languages. Much of that work is due to M. Wand who designedTowards a Methodology for the Design of Abstract Machines for Logic Programming Languages Ulf

  8. Redundancy Ratio: An Invariant Property of the Consonant Inventories of the World's Languages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ganguly, Niloy

    Redundancy Ratio: An Invariant Property of the Consonant Inventories of the World's Languages that is observed across the sound inventories of the world's languages. Through rigorous statis- tical analysis, we analysis further un- folds that the vowel inventories do not ex- hibit any such property, which in turn

  9. Switch-reference and Omotic-Cushitic Language Contact in Southwest Ethiopia Yvonne Treis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    1 Switch-reference and Omotic-Cushitic Language Contact in Southwest Ethiopia Yvonne Treis LLACAN. This study shows that there is a confined area in the South of Ethiopia where many Omotic languages and a few (Cushitic) and gives an overview of the distribution of switch-reference systems in Ethiopia in general

  10. Com S 541 ---Programming Languages 1 August 22, 1997 Reserve List

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leavens, Gary T.

    STATUS: PARKS LIBRARY Reserve QA76.73.C153 E35 1990 Not checked out Room 1 #12; 3 Functional Programming: PARKS LIBRARY Reserve QA76.62 .T46 1996 Not checked out Room 4 Logic Programming Languages ffl AuthorCom S 541 --- Programming Languages 1 August 22, 1997 Reserve List See the ``Introduction

  11. A Large Scale Study of Programming Languages and Code Quality in Github

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Devanbu, Prem

    language design are overwhelm- ingly dominated by the process factors such as project size, team size the coding process, but also the properties of the resulting artifact. Advocates of strong static typing modeling with visualization and text analytics, to study the effect of language features such as static v

  12. The design and testing of a first-order logic-based stochastic modeling language.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pless, Daniel J.; Rammohan, Roshan (University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM); Chakrabarti, Chayan (University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM); Luger, George F. (University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM)

    2005-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We have created a logic-based, Turing-complete language for stochastic modeling. Since the inference scheme for this language is based on a variant of Pearl's loopy belief propagation algorithm, we call it Loopy Logic. Traditional Bayesian networks have limited expressive power, basically constrained to finite domains as in the propositional calculus. Our language contains variables that can capture general classes of situations, events and relationships. A first-order language is also able to reason about potentially infinite classes and situations using constructs such as hidden Markov models(HMMs). Our language uses an Expectation-Maximization (EM) type learning of parameters. This has a natural fit with the Loopy Belief Propagation used for inference since both can be viewed as iterative message passing algorithms. We present the syntax and theoretical foundations for our Loopy Logic language. We then demonstrate three examples of stochastic modeling and diagnosis that explore the representational power of the language. A mechanical fault detection example displays how Loopy Logic can model time-series processes using an HMM variant. A digital circuit example exhibits the probabilistic modeling capabilities, and finally, a parameter fitting example demonstrates the power for learning unknown stochastic values.

  13. A study of the validity of language usage as an indicator of ethnic identification

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patella, Victoria Morrow

    1971-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    answer to numerous local and long-distance pleas for, help w1th the computer analysis; Mr. Brad Lisenbe, Mr. Peter Liu, and Mr. Edward Lindstrom for the1 r programing. Janet Tedford, for typ1ng and help in so many ways and the other departmental... Each of the Poss ible Pairs of Responses to Items 29b, Language Used With Parents, and 29c, Language Used !lith Close Friends in Neighborhood Page[ 3BI Numbers of Respondents Giving Each of the Possible Pa1rs of Responses to Items 29b, Language...

  14. Toward epigenetic and gene regulation models of specific language impairment: looking for links among growth, genes, and impairments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rice, Mabel L.

    2012-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

    Children with specific language impairment (SLI) are thought to have an inherited form of language impairment that spares other developmental domains. SLI shows strong heritability and recent linkage and association studies ...

  15. The nature of the working memory system underlying language processing and its relationship to the long-term memory system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fedorenko, Evelina Georgievna

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis examines two questions concerning the working memory system underlying language processing: (1) To what extent is the working memory system underlying language processing domain-specific? and (2) What is the ...

  16. First language attrition and syntactic subjects : a study of Serbian, Croatian, and Bosnian intermediate and advanced speakers in Dutch

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beganovic, Jasminka

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This dissertation investigates the nature of second language induced first language attrition in the distribution and interpretation of overt and postverbal subjects in Serbian/Croatian/Bosnian (S/C/B). Data are collected ...

  17. Factors which affect programming decision-making of public information radio tape service by Spanish-language broadcasters in Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pina, Manuel

    1974-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    impetus to this thesis project. One Texas Agricultural Extension Service study in El Paso by Daniel C. Pfannstiel and Starley M. Hunter points out that language preference and understanding of Spanish or English, or both languages, are major factors...

  18. Context-Free Languages A context-free grammar is a 4-tuple (V,,P,S), where

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waterloo, University of

    Context-Free Languages A context-free grammar is a 4-tuple (V,,P,S), where · V is a nite set of non;Context-Free Languages recall the non-regular language {anban | n 0} · V = {S} · = {a,b} · productionSaaa aaabaaa 2 #12;Context-Free Languages We use to mean that can be obtained from using one application

  19. Using Views to Aid Language Design Dept of Computing Science, U of Newcastle upon Tyne, NE1 7RU, UK

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Newcastle upon Tyne, University of

    features of existing languages, trying to gain the benefits of each (e.g. UFO [11]); or (iii) simplify

  20. Efficient Lagrangian relaxation algorithms for exact inference in natural language tasks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rush, Alexander M. (Alexander Matthew)

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    For many tasks in natural language processing, finding the best solution requires a search over a large set of possible structures. Solving these combinatorial search problems exactly can be inefficient, and so researchers ...

  1. GlobalMind : bridging the gap between different cultures and languages with common-sense computing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chung, Hyemin

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The need for more effective communication across different countries has increased as the interactions between them have been growing. Communication is often difficult because of both language differences and cultural ...

  2. Early identification of Hispanic English language learners for gifted and talented programs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Esquierdo, Jennifer Joy

    2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

    ). The research questions that guided this study focused on finding validated assessments for early identification of the gifted Hispanic English language learners (ELLs) in kindergarten. The first research question aimed to determine the concurrent validity...

  3. Estimation of English and non-English Language Use on the WWW

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gregory Grefenstette; Julien Nioche

    2000-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

    The World Wide Web has grown so big, in such an anarchic fashion, that it is difficult to describe. One of the evident intrinsic characteristics of the World Wide Web is its multilinguality. Here, we present a technique for estimating the size of a language-specific corpus given the frequency of commonly occurring words in the corpus. We apply this technique to estimating the number of words available through Web browsers for given languages. Comparing data from 1996 to data from 1999 and 2000, we calculate the growth of a number of European languages on the Web. As expected, non-English languages are growing at a faster pace than English, though the position of English is still dominant.

  4. Life-span changes to adults' language: Effects of memory and genre

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kemper, Susan; Kynette, Donna; Rash, Shannon; O'Brien, Kevin

    1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Three different language samples were collected from a group of young adults, 18 to 28 years of age, and a group of elderly adults, 60 to 92 years of age: an oral questionnaire eliciting information about the adults' ...

  5. PERSPECTIVES AND USAGE OF TECHNOLOGY OF ARABIC LANGUAGE TEACHERS IN THE UNITED ARAB EMIRATES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ALhumaid, Khadija Farhan

    2014-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Abstract This study examined the perspectives and usage of technology by Arabic language teachers' in various schools all across The United Arab Emirates. Barriers to integrating technology were closely examined. Dimensions investigated included...

  6. Grid Service Orchestration Using the Business Process Execution Language (BPEL)j

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Emmerich, Wolfgang

    Grid Service Orchestration Using the Business Process Execution Language (BPEL)j Wolfgang Emmerich1, Department of Computer Science, UCL, London, WC1E 6BT, UK E-mail: w.emmerich@cs.ucl.ac.uk 2 Department

  7. Resolution of linear entity and path geometries expressed via partially-geospatial natural language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marrero, John Javier

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    When conveying geospatial information via natural language, people typically combine implicit, commonsense knowledge with explicitly-stated information. Usually, much of this is contextual and relies on establishing locations ...

  8. Integrated Visual Arts and Language Arts: Perceptions of Students and Teachers in a Middle School Classroom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cornelius, Angela Merced

    2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

    The overarching problems to which this study responds are the inadequacies of a traditional language arts curriculum for underserved middle school students and the ways such curricula fall short in providing these students viable means to succeed...

  9. Literacy, linguistics and compositionality: Investigating the effects of cultural systems on learning and language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Jessica Erin

    2008-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

    Recent linguistic research has shown that cultural processes operating over an extended timescale may be responsible for many aspects of syntax. Other evidence from artificial language learning studies indicates a strong ...

  10. Wars of position : language policy, counter-hegemonies and cultural cleavages in Italy and Norway

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Puzey, Guy Edward Michael

    2011-11-22T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis investigates the development of the present-day linguistic hegemonies within Italy and Norway as products of ongoing linguistic wars of position. Language activist movements have been key actors in these ...

  11. QL/G A Query Language for Geometric Data Edward P.F. Chan & Rupert Zhu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chan, Edward P.F.

    be expressed with the language. To facilitate the evolution of applications and to tailor to individual need A geometric database management system (DBMS) is a data base system with capabilities for the representation

  12. Language Attitudes and Linguistic Profiling among Micro-Enterprisers in Mexico

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brewer, Rebecca Ann

    2013-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

    This study examines the language attitudes of entrepreneurial students enrolled in the Academy for Creating Enterprise (ACE) in Mexico City toward six rural and urban varieties of Mexican Spanish to consider whether their attitudes towards...

  13. Workshop on programming languages for high performance computing (HPCWPL): final report.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Murphy, Richard C.

    2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report summarizes the deliberations and conclusions of the Workshop on Programming Languages for High Performance Computing (HPCWPL) held at the Sandia CSRI facility in Albuquerque, NM on December 12-13, 2006.

  14. Policy, planning and perceptions in the European Union: a comparative perspective on minority language vitality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kronenthal, Melissa

    2007-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

    Over the last few decades, minority language issues have been attracting increasing attention in the media, among academics, and in the affairs of national governments and international organizations. Nowhere has this ...

  15. EXPERIMENTS ON CROSS-LANGUAGE ACOUSTIC MODELING T. Schultz and A. Waibel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schultz, Tanja

    studies we applied acoustic models from four languages to bootstrap Chinese, Croatian, and Turkish [5]. We applied monolingual systems from Chinese, Croatian, German, French, Japanese, Spanish and Turkish, as well

  16. FACET AND PRISM BASED MODEL FOR PEDAGOGICAL INDEXATION OF TEXTS FOR LANGUAGE LEARNING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    (language didactics) (Antoniadis et al., 2004). The aim of Multi- apprentissages Interactifs par des/she manipulates. Indeed, they consider that to allow teachers to formu- late their problems in didactics relevant

  17. Introduction (The Sociologinguistics of Slovene. International Journal of the Sociology of Language, vol. 124)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greenberg, Marc L.

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Introduction to the volume describes the context for and content of articles on the sociolinguistic situation of the Slovene language during the first decade after the dissolution of Yugoslavia. Articles cover issues ...

  18. The Effects of Varying Task Priorities on Language Production by Young and Older Adults

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kemper, Susan; Schmalzried, RaLynn Cheri; Herman, Ruth; Mohankumar, Deepthi

    2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The present study compared how varying task priorities affected young and older adults' language production. Both young and older adults responded to monetary incentives to vary their performance when simultaneously talking ...

  19. The effects of aging and dual task performance on language production

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kemper, Susan; Schmalzried, RaLynn Cheri; Herman, Ruth; Leedahl, Skye N.; Mohankumar, Deepthi

    2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A digital pursuit rotor task was used to measure dual task costs of language production by young and older adults. After training on the pursuit rotor, participants were asked to track the moving target while providing a ...

  20. A review of "John Bunyan and the Language of Conviction." by Beth Lynch

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Christopher E. Garrett

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    as English nationalism duriing the Renaissance. Beth Lynch. John Bunyan and the Language of Conviction. Studies in Renaissance Literature, Volume 15. Cambridge: D. S. Brewer, 2004. xiii + 183 pp. $75.00. Review by CHRISTOPHER E. GARRETT, TEXAS A...

  1. Towards a Taxonomy of Functional Language Implementations Rmi Douence Pascal Fradet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fradet, Pascal

    an abstract machine but as a collection of transformations or compilation techniques such as CPS. The last language n consists of functional expressions which can be seen as machine code (essentially

  2. The evolution of dispersion in the sibilants of the Scandinavian languages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams, Paul Jonathan

    2012-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

    This dissertation investigates the evolution of dispersion in sound inventories by extending Boersma & Hamanns (2008) model to the sibilant inventories of some of the modern Scandinavian languages. I show that the Icelandic and central Swedish...

  3. The Effects of Bilingual Education on Language, Achievement, and Self-Efficacy of Hispanic Students

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hewitt, Lisa A.

    2010-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

    or English-only education is most appropriate for enhancing ELLs? language proficiency and achievement. Despite decades of controversy and research in the field of bilingual education, the debate is ongoing. Additionally, Hispanic ELLs are profoundly affected...

  4. Learning and Long-Term Retention of Large-Scale Artificial Languages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frank, Michael C.

    Recovering discrete words from continuous speech is one of the first challenges facing language learners. Infants and adults can make use of the statistical structure of utterances to learn the forms of words from unsegmented ...

  5. Past tense and past participle verb use in young children with and without Specific Language Impairment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Echelbarger, Margaret

    2013-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Finiteness marking is an area of weakness in specific language impairment (SLI) and two hypotheses attempt to account for this difficulty. The Extended Optional Infinitive (EOI) account proposes that SLI children have ...

  6. The Interface between the Lexicon and Finiteness Marking in Specific Language Impairment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hoover, Jill

    2009-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

    Inconsistent omission of finiteness markers is a clinical marker for Specific Language Impairment (SLI). A similar pattern of omission is observed during normal development. Potential limiting factors during this stage of ...

  7. Communicative 2.0 : video games and digital culture in the foreign language classroom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Purushotma, Ravi

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    I explore two core concepts in today's youth entertainment culture that will increasingly become central in future attempts to design affordable foreign language learning materials that hope to bridge the chasm between ...

  8. A Backtracking LR Algorithm for Parsing Ambiguous Context-Dependent Languages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cordy, James R.

    one of these properties. They require that our facilities for considering alternatives accommodate our be abandoned. Since the nature of these manipulations are de- termined by the semantics of the language

  9. PAN@FIRE: Overview of the Cross-Language !ndian News Story Search (CL!NSS) Track

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rosso, Paolo

    PAN@FIRE: Overview of the Cross-Language !ndian News Story Search (CL!NSS) Track Parth Gupta1 , Paul Clough2 , Paolo Rosso1 , and Mark Stevenson2 1 NLE Lab - ELiRF, Universitat Politècnica de-language India news story search (CL!NSS), focuses to address the news story linking task across languages

  10. Promoting Positive Ethnolinguistic Identity in the Heritage Language Classroom through Dialect Awareness

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gardner Flores, Helen Lisa

    2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

    clear commitment to HL instruction through the Resolution on the Application of Dialect Knowledge (1997). It states, all students and teachers should learn scientifically-based information about linguistic diversity and examine the social, political... goes on to say, respondents believe that language is a major factor shaping their ethnic identities (p. 72). Thus, speaking two languages can help to clarify the ambiguity of living in two different cultural worlds as it directly impacts...

  11. Initial Screening for Gifted and Talented Programs: Increasing Participation of Hispanic English Language Learners

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Esquierdo, J. Joy; Lara-Alecio, Rafael; Irby, Beverly

    2010-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

    the underrepresentation of Hispanic GT ELLs ? Address the ambiguity of assessing for GT ? Improve the identification process of Hispanic GT ELLs at the kindergarten level Definitions ? Language proficiency (Canales, 1994) ? English Language Learners (ELLs... (HBGSI) (Irby & Lara-Alecio, 1996) ? Resulted from two comprehensive studies and extensive review of literature ? Grade levels: Kindergarten ? 4th grade ? Purpose: Determine if further testing for GT service is needed Instrumentation ? HBGSI ? 78...

  12. A high-level microprogramming language for the Eclipse S/130

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reese, Donna Sue

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    -323. direct control over the hardware reqisters and data paths av ailable in the com pu te r when user-microproqrammable machines became more abun- dant, micro-assembly lanquaqes were developed. These micro-assemblv languages allow the usez to specify... mnemon- ics for the actions ha wished to control. This, of course, requires a micro-assemblez to translate these mne- monics into their zespective bit patterns These miczo- assembly languages are very machine dependent. The next step...

  13. Possible heritage language loss in Hispanic students enrolled in English as a second language programs or in transitional bilingual education programs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheffield, Mariagrazia Marzono

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    the trajectory of the bilingual experience for many ethnic groups residing in this country, researchers (i.e. linguists, sociologists, demographers, etc.) often cite subtractive bilingualism as the most common pattern of language development (Portes & Rumbaut...). 7 Curriculum Based Measurement (CBM) Curriculum Based Measurement (CBM) consists of ?a series of informal mini achievement tests?(Scott & Weisharr, 2003, p. 153...

  14. Proceedings of the First Workshop on Applying NLP Tools to Similar Languages, Varieties and Dialects, pages 5867, Dublin, Ireland, August 23 2014.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    between more languages1, they still struggle to discriminate between similar languages such as Croatian on the availability of data) languages that have been studied in previous experiments, such as Croatian, English

  15. Proceedings of the workshop on Compilation of (Symbolic) Languages for Parallel Computers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Foster, I.; Tick, E. [comp.

    1991-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report comprises the abstracts and papers for the talks presented at the Workshop on Compilation of (Symbolic) Languages for Parallel Computers, held October 31--November 1, 1991, in San Diego. These unreferred contributions were provided by the participants for the purpose of this workshop; many of them will be published elsewhere in peer-reviewed conferences and publications. Our goal is planning this workshop was to bring together researchers from different disciplines with common problems in compilation. In particular, we wished to encourage interaction between researchers working in compilation of symbolic languages and those working on compilation of conventional, imperative languages. The fundamental problems facing researchers interested in compilation of logic, functional, and procedural programming languages for parallel computers are essentially the same. However, differences in the basic programming paradigms have led to different communities emphasizing different species of the parallel compilation problem. For example, parallel logic and functional languages provide dataflow-like formalisms in which control dependencies are unimportant. Hence, a major focus of research in compilation has been on techniques that try to infer when sequential control flow can safely be imposed. Granularity analysis for scheduling is a related problem. The single- assignment property leads to a need for analysis of memory use in order to detect opportunities for reuse. Much of the work in each of these areas relies on the use of abstract interpretation techniques.

  16. High-Stakes Reading Assessment and English Oral Language Development: A Study of Third Grade English Language Learners in a Texas School District

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Acosta, Sandra

    2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

    , and Christian (2006) in Educating English Language Learners: A Synthesis of Research Evidence. My review covers the period from 2004-2009. In addition to the search of the electronic databases and purling, twenty-five referred journals were searched by hand... for educational scientific research syntheses. Two sources were 14 employed to locate scientific journal articles: electronic databases and purling. Once empirical studies addressing these relationships' were selected, articles were abstracted and analyzed...

  17. Accelerating the Execution of Matrix Languages on the Cell Broadband Engine Architecture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Khoury, Raymes; Scholz, Bernhard

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Matrix languages, including MATLAB and Octave, are established standards for applications in science and engineering. They provide interactive programming environments that are easy to use due to their script languages with matrix data types. Current implementations of matrix languages do not fully utilize high-performance, special-purpose chip architectures such as the IBM PowerXCell processor (Cell), which is currently used in the fastest computer in the world. We present a new framework that extends Octave to harvest the computational power of the Cell. With this framework the programmer is alleviated of the burden of introducing explicit notions of parallelism. Instead the programmer uses a new matrix data-type to execute matrix operations in parallel on the synergistic processing elements (SPEs) of the Cell. We employ lazy evaluation semantics for our new matrix data-type to obtain execution traces of matrix operations. Traces are converted to data dependence graphs; operations in the data dependence gra...

  18. Revising the worksheet with L3: a language and environment foruser-script interaction

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hohn, Michael H.

    2008-01-22T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper describes a novel approach to the parameter anddata handling issues commonly found in experimental scientific computingand scripting in general. The approach is based on the familiarcombination of scripting language and user interface, but using alanguage expressly designed for user interaction and convenience. The L3language combines programming facilities of procedural and functionallanguages with the persistence and need-based evaluation of data flowlanguages. It is implemented in Python, has access to all Pythonlibraries, and retains almost complete source code compatibility to allowsimple movement of code between the languages. The worksheet interfaceuses metadata produced by L3 to provide selection of values through thescriptit self and allow users to dynamically evolve scripts withoutre-running the prior versions. Scripts can be edited via text editors ormanipulated as structures on a drawing canvas. Computed values are validscripts and can be used further in other scripts via simplecopy-and-paste operations. The implementation is freely available underan open-source license.

  19. Tradeoffs in the design of a system for high level language interpretation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Osorio, F.C.C.; Patt, Y.N.

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The problem of designing a system for high-level language interpretation (HLLI) is considered. First, a model of the design process is presented where several styles of design, e.g. turing machine interpretation, CISC architecture interpretation and RISC architecture interpretation are treated uniformly. Second, the most significant characteristics of HLLI are analysed in the context of different design styles, and some guidelines are presented on how to identify the most suitable design style for a given high-level language problem. 12 references.

  20. Review guidelines for software languages for use in nuclear power plant safety systems: Final report. Revision 1

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hecht, M.; Decker, D.; Graff, S.; Green, W.; Lin, D.; Dinsmore, G.; Koch, S. [SoHaR, Inc., Beverly Hills, CA (United States)

    1997-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Guidelines for the programming and auditing of software written in high level languages for safety systems are presented. The guidelines are derived from a framework of issues significant to software safety which was gathered from relevant standards and research literature. Language-specific adaptations of these guidelines are provided for the following high level languages: Ada83 and Ada95; C and C++; International Electrochemical Commission (IEC) Standard 1131-3 Ladder Logic, Sequential Function Charts, Structured Text, and Function Block Diagrams; Pascal; and PL/M. Appendices to the report include a tabular summary of the guidelines and additional information on selected languages.

  1. An Exploration of the Effects of Language on the Orchestral Trombone Sound in France, Germany, and the United States.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mounger, Christine

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ??The orchestral trombone sound of France, Germany, and the United States was analyzed through the lens of language. A thorough investigation of the characteristic sounds (more)

  2. Collapse: Language, Real Estate, Material Culture, and the Poetics of Interior Space

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ash, Amy Kierzek

    2014-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Collapse: Language, Real Estate, Material Culture, and the Poetics of Interior Space By Amy Ash Submitted to the graduate degree program in English and the Graduate Faculty of the University of Kansas in partial fulfillment... Kaminski ________________________________ Iris Smith Fischer ________________________________ Jill Suzanne Kuhnheim Date Defended: April 2, 2014 ii The Dissertation Committee for Amy Ash certifies that this is the approved...

  3. D: A Language Framework for Distributed Programming Cristina Videira Lopes, Gregor Kiczales

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the aspect oriented programming approach to allow the code for the basic functionality of a distributed code deals with those issues. The D language framework consists of: (i) Jcore, an object guidelines to bridge the gap between design specifications and the actual code that they must write

  4. Plasticity of Language-Related Brain Function During Recovery from Stroke

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Plasticity of Language-Related Brain Function During Recovery from Stroke Keith R. Thulborn, MD, Ph to correlate functional recovery from aphasia after acute stroke with the temporal evolution of the anatomic during recovery from acute stroke presenting with aphasia. Perfusion, diffusion, sodium, and conventional

  5. Basic MATLAB Programming MATLAB is a matrix-based language. Since operations may be

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lega, Joceline

    CHAPTER 11 Basic MATLAB Programming MATLAB is a matrix-based language. Since operations may. As a consequence, MATLAB programs are often much shorter and easier to read than programs written for instance in C or Fortran. Below, we mention basic MATLAB commands, which will allow a novice to start using this software

  6. Selected translated abstracts of Russian-language climate-change publications. 4: General circulation models

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Burtis, M.D. [comp.] [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States). Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center; Razuvaev, V.N.; Sivachok, S.G. [All-Russian Research Inst. of Hydrometeorological Information--World Data Center, Obninsk (Russian Federation)

    1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report presents English-translated abstracts of important Russian-language literature concerning general circulation models as they relate to climate change. Into addition to the bibliographic citations and abstracts translated into English, this report presents the original citations and abstracts in Russian. Author and title indexes are included to assist the reader in locating abstracts of particular interest.

  7. `Games That Make Sense': logic, language, and multi-agent interaction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amsterdam, University of

    `Games That Make Sense': logic, language, and multi-agent interaction Johan van Benthem Institute. In this short invited note, I will take the cruising altitude a few levels up from his, and show you a panoramic the success of communication. And once you start thinking all this through, you wind up in a `hermeneutical

  8. TBBL: A Tree-Based Bidding Language for Iterative Combinatorial Exchanges Ruggiero Cavallo

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Yiling

    also explicitly represent partial information about valuations. The language is de- signed of these tasks are rela- tively simple and many solution methods exist, but the prob- lem becomes significantly- sider groups of items substitutes or complements, leading to sub-additive or super-additive valuation

  9. Distinct patterns of language impairment in Down's syndrome and Williams syndrome: The case of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stromswold, Karin

    Distinct patterns of language impairment in Down's syndrome and Williams syndrome: The case-reflexive pronouns and on the comprehension of active and passive sentences in eight adolescents with Down's Syndrome patterns of impairment. q 2005 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Keywords: Down's syndrome; Williams

  10. Effects of Sampling Context on Spontaneous Expressive Language in Males With Fragile

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nguyen, Danh

    X Syndrome or Down Syndrome Sara T. Kover,a Andrea McDuffie,b Leonard Abbeduto,b and W. Ted Brownc of expressive language in male participants with fragile X syndrome in comparison to male participants with Down, were matched groupwise on nonverbal mental age to adolescents with Down syndrome (n = 15) and typically

  11. `C and tcc: A Language and Compiler for Dynamic Code Generation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Engler, Dawson

    and expressiveness superior to those of static code. The `C Tick C language is a superset of ANSI C that supports e Words and Phrases: compilers, dynamic code generation, dynamic code optimiza- tion, ANSI C Email: maxp is a superset of ANSI C that supports the high-level and e cient use of dynamic code generation. It extends ANSI

  12. Back-Off Language Model Compression Boulos Harb, Ciprian Chelba, Jeffrey Dean, Sanjay Ghemawat

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tomkins, Andrew

    , after text normalization for ASR Order # n-grams pruning PPL n-gram hit-ratios 3 15M entropy 190 47. bytes/n-gram speed (relative to uncompressed): computed PPL on unseen test data Back-Off Language Model

  13. Test of English as a Foreign LanguageTM Leading. www.ets.org/toefl

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Test of English as a Foreign LanguageTM Listening. Learning. Leading. www.ets.org/toefl Information Internet-based testing ONLY. Information about TOEFL computer-based testing,TOEFL paper-based testing, and the Test of Spoken English is in a separate Bulletin. Read all of the information in this Bulletin

  14. Mind & Language, Vol. 23 No. 3 June 2008, pp. 263272. 2008 The Author

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Machery, Edouard

    Mind & Language, Vol. 23 No. 3 June 2008, pp. 263­272. © 2008 The Author Journal compilation © 2008: In The Architecture of the Mind, Carruthers proposes a new and detailed explanation for how human cognition could of this proposal, I argue that Carruthers has failed to explain how a massively modular mind could display

  15. Mind & Language, Vol. 23 No. 1 February 2008, pp. 123143. 2008 The Authors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Indiana University

    Mind & Language, Vol. 23 No. 1 February 2008, pp. 123­143. © 2008 The Authors Journal compilation © 2008 Blackwell Publishing Ltd Fodor's Challenge to the Classical Computational Theory of Mind KIRK LUDWIG AND SUSAN SCHNEIDER Abstract: In The Mind Doesn't Work That Way, Jerry Fodor argues that mental

  16. Department of Slavic Languages and Literature University of Wisconsin-Madison

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scharer, John E.

    's largest oil producer, the second-largest producer of natural gas with the world's largest natural gas speak different languages in the region. · Learning Russian prepares you to join the world economy: Russia is one of the largest producers of many natural resources and raw materials, including petroleum

  17. Journal of Philosophy, Inc. On the Systematicity of Language and Thought

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pylyshyn, Zenon

    Journal of Philosophy, Inc. On the Systematicity of Language and Thought Author(s): Kent Johnson Source: The Journal of Philosophy, Vol. 101, No. 3 (Mar., 2004), pp. 111-139 Published by: Journal of Philosophy, Inc. Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3655573 Accessed: 29/08/2010 19:47 Your use

  18. The Other Side of Cognitive Control: Can a Lack of Cognitive Control Benefit Language and Cognition?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thompson-Schill, Sharon

    The Other Side of Cognitive Control: Can a Lack of Cognitive Control Benefit Language and Cognition Cognitive control refers to the regulation of mental activity to support flexible cognition across different domains. Cragg and Nation (2010) propose that the development of cognitive control in children parallels

  19. Copyright 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. CSC312 Principles of Programming Languages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shen, Xipeng

    Copyright © 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. CSC312 Principles of Programming Languages : Type #12;Copyright © 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Pointers are convenient in some cases struct NodeGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. E.g. Buffer overflow problem Particularly troublesome in C as points and array are regarded

  20. Copyright 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. CSC312 Principles of Programming Languages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shen, Xipeng

    Copyright © 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. CSC312 Principles of Programming Languages : Semantics (2) #12;Copyright © 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Contents 7.1 Motivation 7.2 ExpressionGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Ways to express program semantics · Operational semantics: Whatever happens when the program

  1. Copyright 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. CSC312 Principles of Programming Languages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shen, Xipeng

    Copyright © 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. CSC312 Principles of Programming Languages : Parser #12;Copyright © 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Quick Review ­ LL & LR Grammar and Parser · A calculation ­ algorithm for computing the nullable sets #12;Copyright © 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc

  2. Copyright 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. CSC312 Principles of Programming Languages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shen, Xipeng

    Copyright © 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. CSC312 Principles of Programming Languages : Regular Expression and Lexer #12;Copyright © 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Review * Compiler;Copyright © 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Contents 3.1 Chomsky Hierarchy 3.2 Lexical Analysis 3

  3. Copyright 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. CSC312 Principles of Programming Languages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shen, Xipeng

    Copyright © 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. CSC312 Principles of Programming Languages : Lambda Calculus in Further Depth #12;Copyright © 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Lambda Calculus parameter specify the function body #12;Copyright © 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. #12;Copyright

  4. Copyright 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. CSC312 Principles of Programming Languages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shen, Xipeng

    Copyright © 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. CSC312 Principles of Programming Languages : Semantics #12;Copyright © 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Contents 7.1 Motivation 7.2 Expression.7 Exception Handling Semantics #12;Copyright © 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. 7.1 Motivation To provide

  5. Copyright 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. CSC312 Principles of Programming Languages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shen, Xipeng

    Copyright © 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. CSC312 Principles of Programming Languages : Scope #12;Copyright © 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. 4.1 Syntactic Issues 4.2 Variables 4.3 Scope 4;Copyright © 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Recall that the term binding is an association between

  6. Copyright 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. CSC312 Principles of Programming Languages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shen, Xipeng

    Copyright © 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. CSC312 Principles of Programming Languages : Lambda Calculus in Further Depth #12;Copyright © 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Quick Review: Lambda Calculus ­ Syntax ­ Semantics #12;Copyright © 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. #12;Copyright

  7. Copyright 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. CSC312 Principles of Programming Languages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shen, Xipeng

    Copyright © 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. CSC312 Principles of Programming Languages : Grammars (2) Xipeng Shen #12;Copyright © 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Contents 2.1 Grammars ! 2.5.2 Abstract Syntax Trees #12;Copyright © 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. BNF Grammar Set of productions

  8. Copyright 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. CSC312 Principles of Programming Languages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shen, Xipeng

    Copyright © 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. CSC312 Principles of Programming Languages : Parser #12;Copyright © 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Recursive Descent Parser (cont.) Outline with an example · Basic coding · Output abstract syntax tree #12;Copyright © 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc

  9. Copyright 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. CSC312 Principles of Programming Languages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shen, Xipeng

    Copyright © 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. CSC312 Principles of Programming Languages : Syntax (4) Xipeng Shen #12;Copyright © 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Review: Extended BNF (EBNF;Copyright © 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Fig. 2.7 Clite Grammar: Statements Program int main

  10. Aligning context-based statistical models of language with brain activity during reading

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Knight, Kevin

    Aligning context-based statistical models of language with brain activity during reading Leila for incoming words given the context. On the other hand, brain imaging studies have sug- gested that during reading, the brain (a) continu- ously builds a context from the successive words and every time

  11. Reviewing the Design of DAML+OIL: An Ontology Language for the Semantic Web

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Harmelen, Frank

    the RDF semantics. ­ DAML+OIL thus uses RDF syntax, but not RDF semantics. ­ Would like DAML+OIL semanticsBell Labs Reviewing the Design of DAML+OIL: An Ontology Language for the Semantic Web Ian Horrocks ¤ Definitions of terms, e.g., Student Description Logics (DLs) ¤ Formal semantics ¤ Practical inference ¤ OIL

  12. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON AUDIO, SPEECH AND LANGUAGE PROCESSING 1 Model-Based Speech Enhancement with Improved

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    So, Hing-Cheung

    IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON AUDIO, SPEECH AND LANGUAGE PROCESSING 1 Model-Based Speech Enhancement-based approach to enhance noisy speech using an analysis-synthesis framework. Target speech is reconstructed. Ini- tially, we propose an analysis-synthesis framework for speech enhancement based on harmonic noise

  13. Available online at www.sciencedirect.com Computer Speech and Language 28 (2014) 665686

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edinburgh, University of

    ­686 Intelligibility enhancement of HMM-generated speech in additive noise by modifying Mel cepstral coefficients intelligibility enhancement for Hidden Markov Model (HMM) generated synthetic speech in noise. We present a methodAvailable online at www.sciencedirect.com Computer Speech and Language 28 (2014) 665

  14. Extending Automated Compositional Verification to the Full Class of Omega-Regular Languages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Bow-Yaw

    Farzan1 , Yu-Fang Chen2 , Edmund M. Clarke1 , Yih-Kuen Tsay2 , and Bow-Yaw Wang3 1 Carnegie Mellon, 10]. Most compositional techniques advocate proving properties of a system by checking properties], system be- haviors and their requirements are formalized as regular languages. Assumptions in premises

  15. The Orc Programming Language David Kitchin, Adrian Quark, William Cook, Jayadev Misra

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cook, William R.

    The Orc Programming Language David Kitchin, Adrian Quark, William Cook, Jayadev Misra The University of Texas at Austin Abstract. Orc was originally presented as a process calculus. It has now practical concurrent programming problems are easily solved in Orc. 1 Introduction Concurrency has become

  16. The Effects of Language Stimuli on Design Creativity I. Chiu and L.H. Shu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shu, Lily H.

    that opposite stimuli is a practical method for encouraging creative design. Keywords: Engineering designThe Effects of Language Stimuli on Design Creativity I. Chiu and L.H. Shu Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, University of Toronto 5 King's College Road, Toronto, ON, M5S 3G8 Canada chiu

  17. Reusing Swedish Language Processing Resources in SVENSK Fredrik Olsson Bjorn Gamback Mikael Eriksson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Olsson, Fredrik

    . Most of the recycling of linguistic resources has been concerned with reuse of data, that is1 Reusing Swedish Language Processing Resources in SVENSK Fredrik Olsson Bj?orn Gamb?ack Mikael resources for Swedish. SVENSK employs GATE, General Architecture for Text Engineering from the University

  18. Reusing Swedish Language Processing Resources in SVENSK Fredrik Olsson Bjorn Gamback Mikael Eriksson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Olsson, Fredrik

    . Most of the recycling of linguistic resources has been concerned with reuse of data, that is1 Reusing Swedish Language Processing Resources in SVENSK Fredrik Olsson Bj¨orn Gamb¨ack Mikael and resources for Swedish. SVENSK employs GATE, General Architecture for Text Engineering from the University

  19. Dismantling Bellicose Identities: Strategic Language Games in Theresa Hak Kyung Cha's DICTEE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joo, Hee-Jung Serenity; Lux, Christina

    2012-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

    language games, it resists what Amartya Sen refers to as a ????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? ? ?bellicose identity.? Sen explains that ?[v]iolence is fomented by... to multilingualism may have been shaped by what Sen terms ?proficient artisans of terror,?29 in this case, an Imperial Church. By acknowledging her affective responses in a religious context, the reader is prepared to explore how...

  20. Automatic Processing of Broadcast Audio in Multiple Languages Lori Lamel and Jean-Luc Gauvain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    which has enabled the processing of broad- cast audio for information access. At LIMSI, broadcast news. In the EC ALERT [1] project and the French RNRT THEOREME [5] project, the aim is to combine state, French, German, Mandarin, Portuguese, Spanish and Arabic languages. 2. TRANSCRIBING BROADCAST AUDIO

  1. Pictures worth a thousand tiles, a geometrical programming language for self-assembly

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Pictures worth a thousand tiles, a geometrical programming language for self-assembly Florent.becker@ens-lyon.fr February 14, 2008 Abstract We present a novel way to design self-assembling systems using a notion of signals for a given set of shapes, and how to transform these signals into a set of tiles which self-assemble

  2. The Emerald Programming Language1 Norman C. Hutchinson, Rajendra K. Raj,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Black, Andrew P.

    The Emerald Programming Language1 REPORT Norman C. Hutchinson, Rajendra K. Raj, Andrew P. Black addresses: Norman Hutchinson, Department of Computer Science, University of Ari- zona, Tucson, AZ 85721. Andrew Black, Digital Equipment Corporation, 550 King Street, Littleton, MA 01460. Eric Jul, DIKU

  3. COMPUTER & INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY L/R 590. Programming Languages and Techniques. (C)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fang-Yen, Christopher

    COMPUTER & INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY (EG) {CIT} L/R 590. Programming Languages and Techniques. (C) Introduction to fundamental concepts of programming and computer science for students who have little not have an academic background in computer science and who are not pursuing the Master's in Computer

  4. Brain and Language xxx (2006) xxxxxx www.elsevier.com/locate/b&l

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coulson, Seana

    Brain and Language xxx (2006) xxx­xxx www.elsevier.com/locate/b&l 0093-934X/$ - see front matter, USA Accepted 3 November 2005 Abstract Measures of electrical brain activity (event-related potentials, and the retrieval cues provided by the preceding context. Recordings from patients with brain damage, intracranial

  5. Brain and Language 96 (2006) 90105 www.elsevier.com/locate/b&l

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coulson, Seana

    Brain and Language 96 (2006) 90­105 www.elsevier.com/locate/b&l 0093-934X/$ - see front matterVect was absent following semantic violations. These results provide a characterization of the oscillatory brain be observed in the electro- physiological activity of the brain. Unlike Event-Related brain Potentials

  6. Applying Model Transformation By-Example on Business Process Modeling Languages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    By Example (MTBE) approaches have been proposed as user-friendly alternative that simplifies the definition of model transformations. Up to now, MTBE ap- proaches have been applied to structural models, only. In this work we apply MTBE to the domain of business process modeling languages, i.e., Event-driven Process

  7. Available online at www.sciencedirect.com Computer Speech and Language 27 (2013) 439

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    obtained by fusion of participants' predictions and conclude by discussing ten recent and emerging trends, we define and illustrate paralinguistics in Section 2. Then, in Section 3, we present relevant applica- tions. In Section 4 we discuss the current status and challenges of speech and language resources

  8. The ASF+SDF Meta-Environment: a Component-Based Language Development Environment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Klint, Paul

    The ASF+SDF Meta-Environment: a Component-Based Language Development Environment M.G.J. van den and Computer Science, Utrecht University, Padualaan 14, 2584 CH Utrecht, The Netherlands Abstract. The ASF+SDF The ASF+SDF Meta-Environment [12] is an interactive development environment for the automatic gen- eration

  9. The ASF+SDF MetaEnvironment: a ComponentBased Language Development Environment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Klint, Paul

    The ASF+SDF Meta­Environment: a Component­Based Language Development Environment M.G.J. van den and Computer Science, Utrecht University, Padualaan 14, 2584 CH Utrecht, The Netherlands Abstract. The ASF+SDF The ASF+SDF Meta­Environment [12] is an interactive development environment for the automatic gen­ eration

  10. Compiling Language Definitions: The ASF+SDF M. G. J. VAN DEN BRAND

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Klint, Paul

    Compiling Language Definitions: The ASF+SDF Compiler M. G. J. VAN DEN BRAND CWI and Vrije Universiteit J. HEERING CWI P. KLINT CWI and University of Amsterdam and P. A. OLIVIER CWI The ASF+SDF Meta of the rewrite rule implementation. The ASF+SDF rewrite rule compiler generates C code, thus taking advantage

  11. Using Narrative Function to Extract Qualitative Information from Natural Language Texts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Forbus, Kenneth D.

    language semantics. Kuehne (2004) showed that the constructs of qualitative process (QP) theory (Forbus.aaai.org). All rights reserved. constrained (the consequent quantity), and sign (the direction of change). Kuehne, influences, and processes), Kuehne identified a set of syntactic patterns that could be used to extract them

  12. Common Core State English Language Arts Standards Lesson 1: What I Know About the Aurora

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mojzsis, Stephen J.

    Common Core State English Language Arts Standards 2012-2013 Lesson 1: What I Know About the Aurora, speaking clearly at an understandable pace. Lesson 3: Aurora Comparisons Reading: Information Text RI.3 clearly. Lesson 4: Come See an Aurora Writing W.3.2, W.4.2, W.5.2. Write informative/explanatory texts

  13. Experiments in Sentence Language Identification with Groups of Similar Department of EECS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Radev, Dragomir R.

    Languages shared task, which is broken into six subtasks, (A) Bosnian, Croatian, and Serbian, (B) Indonesian. Croatian vs. Serbian Task B: Indonesian vs. Malay Task C: Czech vs. Slovak Task D: Brazilian vs before the DSL shared task. The problem of distinguish- ing Croatian from Serbian and Slovenian

  14. POLYPHONE DECISION TREE SPECIALIZATION FOR LANGUAGE ADAPTATION T. Schultz and A. Waibel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schultz, Tanja

    , Mandarin and Shanghai Chinese, Croatian, English, French, German, Japanese, Korean, Portuguese, Russian Language ER 1 Vocab PP ER Vocab PP ChMandarin 14.5 45K 207 45.2 141 12.5 Croatian 20.0 15K 280 36.7 32 9

  15. POLYPHONE DECISION TREE SPECIALIZATION FOR LANGUAGE ADAPTATION T. Schultz and A. Waibel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schultz, Tanja

    , Mandarin and Shanghai Chinese, Croatian, English, French, German, Japanese, Korean, Portuguese, RussianLanguage ER Vocab PP ER Vocab PP Ch-Mandarin 14.5 45K 207 45.2 141 12.5 Croatian 20.0 15K 280 36.7 32 9

  16. Technology, Language, and Public Decisions: Finding Common Ground for Experts and Citizens

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jensen, David

    Technology, Language, and Public Decisions: Finding Common Ground for Experts and Citizens David D@cs.umass.edu Todd M. La Porte School of Systems Engineering & Policy Analysis Delft University of Technology Delft, The Netherlands tlaporte@tmn.com Abstract---Many conflicts over specific technologies could be alleviated

  17. SWRL as a rule language for ontology-based models in power plant design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    SWRL as a rule language for ontology-based models in power plant design Virginie Fortineau1 management in an industrial context, and notably for power plant design, like the increase of data, actors. However, the design of power plants presents a specific issue, which is rules expression and validation

  18. Creative Language Learning Projects with Emerging Digital Media Chin-chi Chao

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Creative Language Learning Projects with Emerging Digital Media Chin-chi Chao National Chengchi@nccu.edu.tw Abstract This paper introduces seven genres of the digital media projects that can help the 21st century by emerging digital media. It is based on a project by the author and a group of pre-service teachers during

  19. v-Promela: A Visual, Object-Oriented Language for SPIN Stefan Leue

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leue, Stefan

    v-Promela: A Visual, Object-Oriented Language for SPIN Stefan Leue Electrical and Computer-RT, ROOM, and Statecharts, but is presented here in a framework that allows us to combine the benefits- signed to be transparent to the SPIN model checker itself, by allowing all central constructs

  20. vPromela: A Visual, ObjectOriented Language for SPIN Stefan Leue \\Lambda

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leue, Stefan

    v­Promela: A Visual, Object­Oriented Language for SPIN Stefan Leue \\Lambda Electrical and Computer­RT, ROOM, and Statecharts, but is presented here in a framework that allows us to combine the benefits­ signed to be transparent to the SPIN model checker itself, by allowing all central constructs

  1. A Language for Automatically Enforcing Privacy Policies Jean Yang Kuat Yessenov Armando Solar-Lezama

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A Language for Automatically Enforcing Privacy Policies Jean Yang Kuat Yessenov Armando Solar for applications to protect sensitive data. With current techniques, the programmer bears the burden of ensuring views are allowed based on the output context. The system is respon- sible for automatically ensuring

  2. A Comprehensive Neural-Based Approach for Text Recognition in Videos using Natural Language Processing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    A Comprehensive Neural-Based Approach for Text Recognition in Videos using Natural Language videos. For this, we developed a complete video Optical Character Recognition system (OCR), specifically adapted to detect and recognize embedded texts in videos. Based on a neural approach, this new method

  3. An Application of the Deutsch-Jozsa Algorithm to Formal Languages and the Word Problem in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Severini, Simone

    An Application of the Deutsch-Jozsa Algorithm to Formal Languages and the Word Problem in Groups and Optimization, University of Waterloo, Canada Abstract. We adapt the Deutsch-Jozsa algorithm to the context some consequences for the word problem in groups with a particular kind of presentation. 1 The Deutsch

  4. Optimal control of robot behaviour using language Xi Wang, Asok Ray*, Peter Lee and Jinbo Fu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ray, Asok

    Assistant in the Networked Robotics Laboratory of the Mechanical Engineering Department at Penn State. MrOptimal control of robot behaviour using language measure1 Xi Wang, Asok Ray*, Peter Lee and Jinbo presents optimal control of robot behaviour in the discrete event setting. Real signed measure

  5. Selected translated abstracts of Russian-language climate-change publications: II, Clouds. Issue 159

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Burtis, M.D. [comp.

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report presents abstracts (translated into English) of important Russian-language literature concerning clouds as they relate to climate change. In addition to the bibliographic citations and abstracts translated into English, this report presents the original citations and abstracts in Russian. Author and title indexes are included to assist the reader in locating abstracts of particular interest.

  6. Simulating an ObjectOriented Financial System in a Functional Language *

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clack, Christopher D.

    for an international investment bank and provides a pragmatic case study. 1 Introduction Functional languages by Accenture's Financial Services Solution Centre in London in partnership with an international investment of Miranda to simulate oil reservoirs; [GSW93] presents a functional programming solution to a fluid

  7. A Hybrid Approach for Transliterated Word-Level Language Identification: CRF with Post Processing Heuristics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rosso, Paolo

    _cse@yahoo.com Paolo Rosso NLE Lab,UPV,Spain prosso@dsic.upv.es ABSTRACT In this paper, we describe a hybrid approach words as part of our participation in the shared task on transliterated search at Forum for Information in translitera- tion for those languages presents serious challenges to un- derstanding, search and (backward

  8. FORTRAN M AS A LANGUAGE FOR BUILDING EARTH SYSTEM MODELS \\Lambda

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    FORTRAN M AS A LANGUAGE FOR BUILDING EARTH SYSTEM MODELS \\Lambda Ian Foster Mathematics as a tool for building earth system models on massively parallel computers. I hypothesize that the use to investigate this hypothe­ sis. 2. Earth System Models An earth system model is a computer code designed

  9. Selected translated abstracts of Russian-language climate-change publications, III aerosols: Issue 164

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Razuvaev, V.N.; Ssivachok, S.G. [All-Russian Research Inst. of Hydrometeorological Information-World Data Center, Obninsk (Russian Federation)

    1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report presents abstracts in Russian and translated into English of important Russian-language literature concerning aerosols as they relate to climate change. In addition to the bibliographic citations and abstracts translated into English, this report presents the original citations and abstracts in Russian. Author and title indexes are included to assist the reader in locating abstracts of particular interest.

  10. E. F. Redish 1 DTS Proposal Learning the Language of Science: Advanced Math for Concrete Thinkers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maryland at College Park, University of

    E. F. Redish 1 DTS Proposal Learning the Language of Science: Advanced Math for Concrete Thinkers, differential equations, and Fourier transforms, many concrete thinkers find these topics to be insurmount- able to teach abstract math to concrete thinkers could have a broad impact beyond physics. Many fields

  11. A Fuzzy Toolbox for the R Programming Language Christian Wagner and Simon Miller

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aickelin, Uwe

    , over medical sciences to industrial control. The vast majority of current applications of fuzzy logic, we describe the main functionality of an initial version of a new fuzzy logic software toolkit based on the R language. The toolkit supports the implementation of several types of fuzzy logic inference

  12. Architecture and Applications of Language-Centered Intelligence for Unmanned Underwater Vehicles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Idaho, University of

    Architecture and Applications of Language-Centered Intelligence for Unmanned Underwater Vehicles and hypothetical reasoning, and expand the behavioral repertoire of unmanned underwater vehicles (UUVs). We begin and tested for teams of unmanned underwater vehicles capable of performing different cooperative missions

  13. Bibliography Abbasi, Ahmed, Hsinchun Chen, and Arab Salem. Sentiment analysis in multiple languages: Fea-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Illinois at Chicago, University of

    WordNet glosses. In Proceedings of Conference of the European Chapter of the Association sense disambiguation. In Proceed- ings of the 2009 Conference on Empirical Methods in Natural Language. In Proceedings of the ACM SIGKDD Conference on Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining (KDD-2007). 2007. Asher

  14. A synchronous model of the PLC programming language ST Fernando Jimenez-Fraustro

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    A synchronous model of the PLC programming language ST Fernando Jimenez-Fraustro IRISA / INRIA F of a synchronous model of the PLC programming lan- guage ST. This work is part of the integration of the IEC 1131 Logic Controllers (PLC) architec- tures. Their design relies on standards like the IEC 1131 norm

  15. A Stepwise Approach to Developing Languages for SIP Telephony Service Creation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    is its support for ser- vices. A SIP service manages calls on behalf of a person or group, enriching of telephony software an overwhelming challenge. To overcome this challenge, various programming languages have services. This approach enables critical properties of services to be guaranteed and captures expertise

  16. Bilingual-LSA Based LM Adaptation for Spoken Language Translation Yik-Cheung Tam and Ian Lane and Tanja Schultz

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schultz, Tanja

    Bilingual-LSA Based LM Adaptation for Spoken Language Translation Yik-Cheung Tam and Ian Lane {yct,ian.lane,tanja}@cs.cmu.edu Abstract We propose a novel approach to crosslingual language model (LM correspondence during training. Using the proposed bLSA frame- work crosslingual LM adaptation can be per- formed

  17. Language Identification Using Phone-based Acoustic Likelihoods L.F. Lamel and J.L. Gauvain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the language can be identified as French or English with better than 99% accuracywith only as little as 2s of speech. On spontaneous telephone speech from the OGI corpus, the language can be identified as French], or neural nets[20]. Broad phonetic labels were used with finite state models[15] and with neural nets[20

  18. COMMUNICATING SEQUENTIAL PROCESSES C.A.R. Hoare's Communicating Sequential Processes CSP is a model-language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Filman, Robert E.

    CSP is a model-language hybrid for describing concurrent and distributed computation. A CSP program the corresponding primitive. Guarded commands are used to introduce indeterminacy. CSP is a language fragment of CSP have been with issues of program correctness and operating systems description. CSP shows its

  19. A Study of Successive Over-relaxation Method Parallelization over Modern HPC Languages

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mittal, Sparsh [ORNL

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Successive over-relaxation (SOR) is a computationally intensive, yet extremely important iterative solver for solving linear systems. Due to recent trends of exponential growth in amount of data generated and increasing problem sizes, serial platforms have proved to be insucient in providing the required computational power. In this paper, we present parallel implementations of red-black SOR method using three modern programming languages namely Chapel, D and Go. We employ SOR method for solving 2D steady-state heat conduction problem. We discuss the optimizations incorporated and the features of these languages which are crucial for improving the program performance. Experiments have been performed using 2, 4, and 8 threads and performance results are compared with serial execution. The analysis of results provides important insights into working of SOR method.

  20. Genetic Variation in the Population of Ibiza (Spain): Genetic Structure, Geography, and Language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Picornell, Antonia; Miguel, Ana; Castro, Jose A.; Ramon, M. Misericordia; Arya, Rector; Crawford, Michael H.

    1996-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Genetic Variation in the Population of Ibiza (Spain): Genetic Structure, Geography, and Language ANTONIA PICORNELL,' ANA MIGUEL,' JOSE A. CASTRO,' M. MISERICORDIA RAMON,' RECTOR ARYA,2 AND M.H. CRAWFORD2 Abstract A sample of 203 individuals from... Ibiza (Balearic Islands, Spain) were tested for blood group and serum protein genetic variation and compared with other circum-Mediterranean populations. Allele fre- quencies were calculated for the following blood group and serum sys- tems: ABO, Rh...

  1. Standard generalized markup language: A guide for transmitting encoded bibliographic records

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This document provides the guidance necessary to transmit to DOE`s Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI) an encoded bibliographic record that conforms to International Standard ISO 8879, Information Processing -- Text and office systems -- Standard Generalized Markup Language (SGML). Included in this document are element and attribute tag definitions, sample bibliographic records, the bibliographic document type definition, and instructions on how to transmit a bibliographic record electronically to OSTI.

  2. Basic MATLAB Programming MATLAB is a matrix-based language. Since operations may be

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lega, Joceline

    CHAPTER 11 Basic MATLAB Programming MATLAB is a matrix-based language. Since operations may(x,cos(x)) hold plot(x,sin(x)). (2) Plot the graph of exp(x) for x [-5, 10]. 3. Basic vector and matrix operations An n-dimensional vector u in MATLAB is a 1 ? n matrix, whose entries can be accessed by typing u

  3. Natural language processing-based COTS software and related technologies survey.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stickland, Michael G.; Conrad, Gregory N.; Eaton, Shelley M.

    2003-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Natural language processing-based knowledge management software, traditionally developed for security organizations, is now becoming commercially available. An informal survey was conducted to discover and examine current NLP and related technologies and potential applications for information retrieval, information extraction, summarization, categorization, terminology management, link analysis, and visualization for possible implementation at Sandia National Laboratories. This report documents our current understanding of the technologies, lists software vendors and their products, and identifies potential applications of these technologies.

  4. ParaSAL, implicit use of multiple processors in a functional language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hartness, Ken Terry

    2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

    , The evaluation method common with languages based on the lambda calculus require a centralized "environment" which serves as a bottleneck in a multiproces- sor system; each process must be able to access a shared structure. Hudak and Goldberg in [4) advocate... in Figure 3. B and C are introduced to handle the situations where only one of tsvo expressions needs the argument. 1Vith these optimizations, a more reasonable translation of the function is possible. Figure 4 contains sn example of s, function...

  5. The language and culture barrier between English-speaking medical personnel and Spanish-speaking patients

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barras, Brian James

    2013-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

    THF. LANGUAGE AND CULTURF. BARRIER BETWEFN ENGLISH-SPEAKING MEDICAL PERSONNEL AND SPANISH-SPEAKING PATIENTS A Senior Honors Thesis by BRIAN JAMES BARRAS Submitted to the Office of Honors Programs k Academic Scholarships Texas ARM University... Senior Honors Thesis by BRIAN JAMES BARRAS Submitted to the Office of Honors Programs & Academic Scholarships Texas A@M University in partial ful tillment ol' the requirements of the UNIVFRSITY UNDERC RADUATE RESEARCH FFI. LOW Approved...

  6. Dominance in Academic Writing Tutorials: Gender, Language, and the Offering of Suggestions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thonus, Terese

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and Watson-Gegeo, 1989: 312). Writing tutorials differ from these interactions in that tutors uphold broadly constituted principles (e.g. good writing) and are required to be neutral with respect to higher rules and discourses. They are forbidden from...- sations unequal encounters. Language proficiency has been found to impact status perceptions even when the NNS takes on a higher-status institutional role than the NS of English. Tyler and Davies (1990) studied an exchange between a Korean international...

  7. 4. OpenFst: An Open-Source, Weighted Finite-State Transducer Library and its Applications to Speech and Language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tomkins, Andrew

    and Language Michael Riley, Cyril Allauzen, and Martin Jansche, Google Inc. Finite-state methods are well

  8. The Cerebellum, Timing, and Language: Implications for the Study of Dyslexia Richard B. Ivry, Timothy C. Justus, and Christina Middleton

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ivry, Rich

    The Cerebellum, Timing, and Language: Implications for the Study of Dyslexia Richard B. Ivry.), Dyslexia, Fluency, and the Brain (pp. 189-211). Timonium, MD: York Press. The functional domain among the developmental disorders associated with cerebellar dysfunction is dyslexia

  9. The press of a people : the evolution of Spanish-language news and the changing political community

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kannegaard, Josef Sandoval

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Spanish-language news in the United States has grown over the last 20 years into a significant economic and social force. This growth has heightened concerns about the integration of Spanish-speaking groups into American ...

  10. An Active Rule Language for ROCK & ROLL Andrew Dinn, Norman W. Patony, M. Howard Williams and Alvaro A.A.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernandes, Alvaro A. A.

    An Active Rule Language for ROCK & ROLL Andrew Dinn, Norman W. Patony, M. Howard Williams, Riccarton, Edinburgh, UK email: !andrew,howard?@cee.hw.ac.uk Department of Computer Sciencey, University

  11. Croatian Language and Cultural Maintenance in the Slavic-American Community of Strawberry Hill, Kansas City, Kansas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Glasgow, Holly Hood

    2012-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this qualitative study was to investigate levels of immigrant language retention among Croatian-Americans in the Slavic diaspora community of Strawberry Hill in Kansas City, Kansas. There have been three major waves of Croatian...

  12. Poverty of stimulus : some unfinished business The core problem of the theory of language is to discover the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Tiggelen, Bart

    Poverty of stimulus : some unfinished business The core problem of the theory of language systematically in the 1950s. It quickly became evident how little was understood. Problems of "poverty

  13. 2nd International Workshop on Equation-Based Object-Oriented Languages and Tools. July 8, 2008, Paphos, Cyprus.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burns, Peter

    -known language Modelica but enhances it with additional fea- tures related to diagnosis. Rodelica is used-based diagnostics, Modelica, Rodelica, constraint propagation, interval arithmetic, failure mode, decision tree. 1

  14. Final Report A Multi-Language Environment For Programmable Code Optimization and Empirical Tuning

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yi, Qing [University of Colorado at Colorado Springs; Whaley, Richard Clint [Louisiana State University; Qasem, Apan [Texas State University; Quinlan, Daniel [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory

    2013-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

    This report summarizes our effort and results of building an integrated optimization environment to effectively combine the programmable control and the empirical tuning of source-to-source compiler optimizations within the framework of multiple existing languages, specifically C, C++, and Fortran. The environment contains two main components: the ROSE analysis engine, which is based on the ROSE C/C++/Fortran2003 source-to-source compiler developed by Co-PI Dr.Quinlan et. al at DOE/LLNL, and the POET transformation engine, which is based on an interpreted program transformation language developed by Dr. Yi at University of Texas at San Antonio (UTSA). The ROSE analysis engine performs advanced compiler analysis, identifies profitable code transformations, and then produces output in POET, a language designed to provide programmable control of compiler optimizations to application developers and to support the parameterization of architecture-sensitive optimizations so that their configurations can be empirically tuned later. This POET output can then be ported to different machines together with the user application, where a POET-based search engine empirically reconfigures the parameterized optimizations until satisfactory performance is found. Computational specialists can write POET scripts to directly control the optimization of their code. Application developers can interact with ROSE to obtain optimization feedback as well as provide domain-specific knowledge and high-level optimization strategies. The optimization environment is expected to support different levels of automation and programmer intervention, from fully-automated tuning to semi-automated development and to manual programmable control.

  15. Cross-domain Paraphrasing For Improving Language Modelling Using Out-of-domain Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, X.; Gales, M. J. F.; Woodland, P. C.

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Cross-domain Paraphrasing For Improving Language Modelling Using Out-of-domain Data X. Liu, M. J. F. Gales & P. C. Woodland Cambridge University Engineering Dept, Trumpington St., Cambridge, CB2 1PZ U.K. Email: {xl207,mjfg... paraphrase word sequence and weighted by its posterior probability. For a particular n-gram predicting word w i follow- ing history h i , the associated statistics C(h i , w i ) are C(h i , w i ) = ? W ? P (W ? |W)C W ? (h i , w i ) (2) where C W ? (h i , w i...

  16. A comparison of speech versus keyboard input and scrolling versus nonscrolling menus on a menu-based natural language interface

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Armstrong, Mark Edward

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    LANGUAGE INTERFACE A Thesis by MARK EDWARD ARMSTRONG Approved as to style and content by: R. D. uchings (Chairman of Co 'ttee) R. J. pa (Member) W. . Johnston (Member) , D. Williams (Member) . K. Be nett (Head of Department) December 198i... 111 ABSTRACT A Comparison ol' Speech Versus Keyboard Input and Scrolling Versus ibonscrolling Xlenus on a ilenu-Based natural Language Interface. (December 198F) %lark Edward Armstrong, B. S. . Texas AhsvI I. niversity. Chairman of Advisory...

  17. Foreign Language Enrollment Attrition: Exploring the Key Factors of Motivation, Academic Success, Instruction, and Anxiety at the Elementary Level

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meyer, Sarah Nicole

    2013-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

    , 1998; Stewart, 2005; Weatherford, 1986). However, proficiency in a second language does not happen overnight. On the contrary, developing a level of proficiency that provides a minimal level of communicative ability for the learner takes many years... ones L1 was to increase an individuals intellectual capacity (Weatherford, 1986). Now, however, investigators have indicated that studying a foreign language can be beneficial in multiple areas and therefore goes well beyond the notion...

  18. Formby et al.: Integration Without Absolute Energy Cues 1285Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research Vol. 45 12851296 December 2002 American Speech-Language-Hearing Association 1092-4388/02/4506-1285

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heinz, Michael G.

    Formby et al.: Integration Without Absolute Energy Cues 1285Journal of Speech, Language Baltimore Temporal Integration of Sinusoidal Increments in the Absence of Absolute Energy Cues Classical temporal integration (TI) is often viewed as a frequency-dependent, energy-based detection process

  19. A comparative analysis of pupil attitudes toward selected oral language activities used with fifth graders in the public schools of Brazos County, Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brusse, Frances Williams

    1967-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    : Independent variables Hypotheses Importance of the Study Limitations of the Study Definition of Terms Used Attitudes toward oral language activities Selected oral language activities Oral language activity attitude scale White, Negro, and Latin... to variables in sex; I. g. ; ethnic groups, white, Negro and Latin- or Mexican-American; socio- economic levels, to be determined from information about the education and/or occupation of the subject's father and/or mother; and levels of achievement...

  20. Published in: Proceedings, 12th IEEE Symposium on Visual Languages, Boulder, Colorado, USA, Sep. 36, 1996, IEEE Press, 1996, in press.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haarslev, Volker

    Published in: Proceedings, 12th IEEE Symposium on Visual Languages, Boulder, Colorado, USA, Sep. 3, Vogt­K?olln­Str. 30, 22527 Hamburg, Germany http

  1. Published in: Proceedings, 12th IEEE Symposium on Visual Languages, Boulder, Colorado, USA, Sep. 3 6, 1996, IEEE Press, 1996, in press.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamburg,.Universität

    Published in: Proceedings, 12th IEEE Symposium on Visual Languages, Boulder, Colorado, USA, Sep. 3 Department, Vogt-K¨olln-Str. 30, 22527 Hamburg, Germany http

  2. BRAIN AND LANGUAGE 20, 305-328 (1983) An Analysis of Writing in a Case of Deep Dyslexia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Caramazza, Alfonso

    BRAIN AND LANGUAGE 20, 305-328 (1983) An Analysis of Writing in a Case of Deep Dyslexia KAREN A) that the defining symptoms of deep dyslexia will be observed in responses to any task which requires lexical process which normally functions to prevent decay of information from a Graphemic Buffer. Deep dyslexia

  3. Assessment of the conclusion validity for empirical research studies published in the journal of speech, language, and hearing research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Byrns, Glenda Elkins

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    -based practices and what criteria can be used to determine if evidence-based practices have been met. This study was a synthesis of research that involved a critical review of the empirical research studies reported in Volume 47 of the Journal of Speech, Language...

  4. Proceedings of CIPS-SIGHAN Joint Conference on Chinese Language Processing (CLP2010), pages 245248, Beijing, August 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zong, Chengqing

    Proceedings of CIPS-SIGHAN Joint Conference on Chinese Language Processing (CLP2010), pages 245­248, Beijing, August 2010 A Character-Based Joint Model for CIPS-SIGHAN Word Segmentation Bakeoff 2010 Kun Wang This paper presents a Chinese Word Segmentation system for the closed track of CIPS-SIGHAN Word Segmentation

  5. SHXNG, A SINO-TIBETAN LANGUAGE OF SOUTH-WEST CHINA: A GRAMMATICAL SKETCH WITH TWO APPENDED TEXTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    County (WT smi li rang skyong rdzong). This county is part of Liángshn Yí Autonomous Prefecture in Sìchun Township, Mùl Tibetan Autonomous County1 Shuluò Township, where the Shxng language is being spoken the establishment of the PRC in 1949, Mùl was a semi-independent theocratic kingdom, ruled by hereditary lama kings

  6. Expressive language in male adolescents with fragile X syndrome with and without comorbid autismjir_1255 246..265

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nguyen, Danh

    -specificity of the expressive language impairment of both groups of those with FXS was assessed in relation to Down syndrome with FXS without autism (n = 20), comorbid FXS and autism (n = 8), and Down syndrome (n = 16). Syntactic by the context in which their talk occurs. Keywords fragile X syndrome, Down Syndrome, autism, expressive

  7. A Study Addressing Three Components of the National Bilingual Research Agenda for English Language Learners on High Stakes Assessment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rodriguez, Linda; Lara-Alecio, Rafael; Galloway, Martha M.; Irby, Beverly J.

    2010-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

    .................................................... 3 Significance of the Study................................................. 5 Research Questions .......................................................... 7 Definitions of Terms.... Social and academic routines 5. Amount of academic content facilitated by teachers 6. Predominance of communication mode (reading, writing, speaking, listening) 7. Teacher perceptions of language occurrences in their classrooms and actual classroom...

  8. Quantitative Information-Flow Tracking for C and Related Languages Stephen McCamant and Michael D. Ernst

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liskov, Barbara

    Quantitative Information-Flow Tracking for C and Related Languages Stephen McCamant and Michael D, and an attacker who initially knows nothing about my password tries to log in using the password i102rjD7 of a variable used in the reply method to determine whether to send a `hit' or a `miss' message (d) Seven

  9. Course Syllabus-"Sketches of Spain": Spain in Contemporary Mass and Visual Culture Language of Instruction: English

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Course Syllabus-"Sketches of Spain": Spain in Contemporary Mass and Visual Culture Language and assets and in the development of Spain's main industries and businesses, leveraging the legacy would address questions such as: how is "Spanish-ness" been fabricated in Spain and outside? how does

  10. Uniting software tools for the archival, management and analysis of linguistic data: lessons from developing the Language Data Repository

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Audenaert, Michael Neal

    2013-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

    and data management, discuss some of the current projects and tools in each of these areas, and present a summary of work currently being conducted by the Open Language Archive Community to support open web based access to the resources available...

  11. 1600 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON AUDIO, SPEECH, AND LANGUAGE PROCESSING, VOL. 19, NO. 6, AUGUST 2011 Unvoiced Speech Segregation From Nonspeech

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, DeLiang "Leon"

    of unvoiced speech from nonspeech interference. Speech enhancement methods have been proposed to enhance noisy1600 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON AUDIO, SPEECH, AND LANGUAGE PROCESSING, VOL. 19, NO. 6, AUGUST 2011 Unvoiced Speech Segregation From Nonspeech Interference via CASA and Spectral Subtraction Ke Hu, Student

  12. Embodiment vs. Memetics: Does Language Need a Physical Plant? Joanna J. Bryson (joanna@ai.mit.edu)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bryson, Joanna J.

    Embodiment vs. Memetics: Does Language Need a Physical Plant? Joanna J. Bryson (joanna be sufficient for terms originally referencing physical reality. In this paper, I describe a disembodied model, I might say E = MC2 to you and give you the idea for a massive energy source, while I my- self never

  13. Taxonomy-Driven Prototyping of Home Automation Applications: a Novice-Programmer Visual Language and its Evaluation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Taxonomy-Driven Prototyping of Home Automation Applications: a Novice-Programmer Visual Language/LaBRI Abstract Home automation environments are dedicated to helping users in their everyday life and are being. The range of situations to be addressed makes the development of home automation applications challenging

  14. 420 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON EVOLUTIONARY COMPUTATION, VOL. 6, NO. 4, AUGUST 2002 Design of Evolvable Computer Languages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    design decisions for constructing a computational genetic language in an autoadaptive system of lines of code, yet are intended to interact smoothly with other software, written indepen- dently as complex machines that are constructed from--and operating on--"software" (the genome) several billions

  15. SPEECH-TO-TEXT DEVELOPMENT FOR SLOVAK, A LOW-RESOURCED LANGUAGE Cong-Thanh Do, Lori Lamel and Jean-Luc Gauvain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    English, French or Mandarin. In- deed, besides a large amount of text data needed for training lan- guage are interested in the transcription of broadcast news (BN) and broad- cast conversation (BC) data. The automatic-resourced languages, such as English [5] or French [6]. Slo- vak language is a West-

  16. Herring, S. C. (In press, 2008). Digital media. In P. Hogan (Ed.), The Cambridge Encyclopedia of the Language Sciences. Cambridge University Press.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Herring, Susan

    Herring, S. C. (In press, 2008). Digital media. In P. Hogan (Ed.), The Cambridge Encyclopedia of the Language Sciences. Cambridge University Press. DIGITAL MEDIA Digital media are those media whose means of media such as print (for text) or analog devices (for sound and images). In language studies, digital

  17. THE USE OF DYNAMIC INDICATORS OF BASIC EARLY LANGUAGE SKILLS (DIBELS) AND MEASURES OF ACADEMIC PROGRESS (MAP) TO COMPARE READING PROFICIENCY IN NATIVE ENGLISH SPEAKERS AND ENGLISH LANGUAGE LEARNERS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ellett, Ryan

    2014-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

    , basic interpersonal communicative skills (BICS) and cognitive academic language proficiency (CALP) which are still commonly referenced by educators today. MacSwan and Pray (2005) take a broader view and insist that it encompasses all aspects... restrictions on the use of bilingual programming in schools with Arizona's implementation making it nearly impossible for any non-English-only program to be used in the schools (Mahoney, Thompson, & MacSwan, 2004; Rolstad, Mahoney, & Glass, 2005). Faced...

  18. The Role of Language in the Creation of Identity: Myths in Linguistics among the Peoples of the Former Yugoslavia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greenberg, Marc L.

    2006-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

    separated from the western group by Balkan Latin (later Romanian) and Albanian speakers until these two latter groups gradually receded (through assimilation to the Slavic population) to roughly the present-day western Romanian border and the eastern... (Sprachbund), which include also the non-Slavic languages Romanian, Albanian, Greek, and to an extent, Turkish (for an overview see Friedman 1986). Slovene, Croatian and Serbian are characterized both by a number of common structural innovations 3 Marc L...

  19. Assessing Spanish Early Writing Development of Preschool English Language Learners and Its Link to English Early Writing Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lopez, Esmeralda

    2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

    correlation between Spanish phonological awareness and later English Passage Comprehension in their sample of 249 Spanish-speaking English-language learners in kindergarten through first grade. However, the children who showed the greatest gains were those..., in contrast to parents from low-income households, middle and upper-middle class parents report teaching their kindergarten and Grade one children to print and read words sometimes to often every week (Snchal, LeFevre, Thomas, & Daley, 1998...

  20. Academic Oral English Development Among Spanish-speaking English Language Learners: Comparing Transitional Bilingual and Structured English Immersion Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tong, Fuhui; Lara-Alecio, Rafael; Irby, Beverly; Mathes, Patricia; Kwok, Oi-man

    2010-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

    ?Brien) ? For Spanish-speaking ELLs with high poverty level, oral English proficiency increased at a constant rate at least from kindergarten to grade four (Hakuta, Butler & Witt, 2000) ? A positive linear trend of L2 oral language development among Hispanic ELLs... from kindergarten to 2nd grade (Miller et al., 2006) Academic Oral English: Definition ? Cummins (1981) ? An expansion of BICS and CALP theory: four quadrants continuum. context-laden and cognitively undemanding to context-reduced and cognitively...

  1. Teachers and Administrators Perceptions of the Antecedents of School Dropout among English Language Learners at Selected Texas Schools

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Doll, Jonathan Jacob

    2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

    the largest U.S. population of English language learners, this has significant implications for ELLs. In addition, the Hispanic Dropout Project reported a 30-35% dropout rate on selected groups of Hispanics at the end of the project, many of whom were also... APPENDIX K: OPEN-ENDED RESPONSES ON ELL DROPOUT PREVENTION............................................................ 240 APPENDIX L: THEMES OF RESPONSES OF ELL DROPOUT PREVENTION............................................................ 245...

  2. Sequence and batch language programs and alarm-related ``C`` programs for the 242-A MCS. Revision 2

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Berger, J.F.

    1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A Distributive Process Control system was purchased by Project B-534, ``242-A Evaporator/Crystallizer Upgrades``. This control system, called the Monitor and Control System (MCS), was installed in the 242-A Evaporator located in the 200 East Area. The purpose of the MCS is to monitor and control the Evaporator and monitor a number of alarms and other signals from various Tank Farm facilities. Applications software for the MCS was developed by the Waste Treatment Systems Engineering (WTSE) group of Westinghouse. The standard displays and alarm scheme provide for control and monitoring, but do not directly indicate the signal location or depict the overall process. To do this, WTSE developed a second alarm scheme which uses special programs, annunciator keys, and process graphics. The special programs are written in two languages; Sequence and Batch Language (SABL), and ``C`` language. The WTSE-developed alarm scheme works as described below: SABL relates signals and alarms to the annunciator keys, called SKID keys. When an alarm occurs, a SABL program causes a SKID key to flash, and if the alarm is of yellow or white priority then a ``C`` program turns on an audible horn (the D/3 system uses a different audible horn for the red priority alarms). The horn and flashing key draws the attention of the operator.

  3. Migge & Lglise, (2011), "On the emergence of new language varieties: The case of the Eastern Maroon Creole in French Guiana", in Hinrichs L. & Farquharson J. (eds), Variation in the Caribbean: From Creole Continua to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    this assumption by investigating the synchronic development of the creoles of Suriname in French Guiana. We show as in the case of non-creole languages. Keywords: Language contact, Creoles of Suriname, creole continuum

  4. Broadening the Scope: Examining the Effects of CSCOPE and Prescribed Curriculum on Experienced English Language Arts Teachers--A Qualitative Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tyrrell, Susan Michelle

    2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

    This study examines the effects of the CSCOPE prescribed curriculum on four English language arts teachers. CSCOPE, created for implementation in Texas public schools, is directly aligned with the Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills (TEKS...

  5. Planning the Linguistic Landscape: A Comparative Survey of the Use of Minority Languages in the Road Signage of Norway, Scotland and Italy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Puzey, Guy

    2008-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

    This dissertation explores the controversial nature of current policies on the use of minority language place-names on official signage in Norway, Scotland and in Italy. Following a survey of recent developments in the ...

  6. Proceedings of the First Workshop on Applying NLP Tools to Similar Languages, Varieties and Dialects, pages 146154, Dublin, Ireland, August 23 2014.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    for the Discriminating Similar Languages shared task, which is broken into six subtasks, (A) Bosnian, Croatian. Croatian vs. Serbian Task B: Indonesian vs. Malay Task C: Czech vs. Slovak Task D: Brazilian vs

  7. Semantic and pragmatic language development in typical acquisition, autism spectrum disorders, and Williams syndrome with reference to developmental neurogenetics of the latter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Modyanova, Nadezhda N

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The elucidation of the biological bases of a complex trait like human language proceeds from identification of precise behavioral phenotypes to investigation of the underlying genes. The human behavioral parts of this ...

  8. Is the Communicative Language Teaching Approach More Effective Than the Grammar Translation Method at Teaching the Ba-Construction in Mandarin Chinese to American Undergraduate Students?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Jun

    2013-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    (CLT) with that of Grammar Translation Method (GT) at teaching Chinese as a foreign language (CFL). The present study fills this gap. The purpose of this study is to investigate quantitatively which method is more effective at teaching the ba...

  9. An analysis of the reliability and validity of the Naglieri Nonverbal Ability Test (NNAT) with English language Learner (ELL) Mexican American children

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Villarreal, Carlo Arlan

    2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the reliability and validity of the results of the Naglieri Nonverbal Ability Test (NNAT; Naglieri, 1997a) with a sample of English Language Learner (ELL) Mexican American children and to compare...

  10. Proceedings of the 2014 Workshop on the Use of Computational Methods in the Study of Endangered Languages, pages 5462, Baltimore, Maryland, USA, 26 June 2014. c 2014 Association for Computational Linguistics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . We experiment with two endangered languages: Cherokee and Cheyenne, and some resource-rich languages such as English, Finnish, French and Japanese2. Cherokee is the Iroquoian language spoken by 16,000 Cherokee and thesauruses are introduced in Section 2. Section 3 discusses related work. In 2 ISO 693-3 codes for Cherokee

  11. An application of the Deutsch-Josza algorithm to formal languages and the word problem in groups

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michael Batty; Andrea Casaccino; Andrew J. Duncan; Sarah Rees; Simone Severini

    2008-01-18T23:59:59.000Z

    We adapt the Deutsch-Josza algorithm to the context of formal language theory. Specifically, we use the algorithm to distinguish between trivial and nontrivial words in groups given by finite presentations, under the promise that a word is of a certain type. This is done by extending the original algorithm to functions of arbitrary length binary output, with the introduction of a more general concept of parity. We provide examples in which properties of the algorithm allow to reduce the number of oracle queries with respect to the deterministic classical case. This has some consequences for the word problem in groups with a particular kind of presentation.

  12. From data to analysis: linking NWChem and Avogadro with the syntax and semantics of Chemical Markup Language

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    De Jong, Wibe A.; Walker, Andrew M.; Hanwell, Marcus D.

    2013-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

    Background Multidisciplinary integrated research requires the ability to couple the diverse sets of data obtained from a range of complex experiments and computer simulations. Integrating data requires semantically rich information. In this paper the generation of semantically rich data from the NWChem computational chemistry software is discussed within the Chemical Markup Language (CML) framework. Results The NWChem computational chemistry software has been modified and coupled to the FoX library to write CML compliant XML data files. The FoX library was expanded to represent the lexical input files used by the computational chemistry software. Conclusions The production of CML compliant XML files for the computational chemistry software NWChem can be relatively easily accomplished using the FoX library. A unified computational chemistry or CompChem convention and dictionary needs to be developed through a community-based effort. The long-term goal is to enable a researcher to do Google-style chemistry and physics searches.

  13. Promoting Bilingualism and Biliteracy: Programmatic Difference between One-way Dual Language (Developmental Bilingual) and Transitional Bilingual Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Irby, Beverly; Tong, Fuhui; Lara-Alecio, Rafael; Mathes, Patricia; Rodriguez, Linda; Guerrero-Valecillos, Cindy; Trevio, Polly

    2010-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

    Vocabulary DBE 113 82.28 13.88 87.58 10.55 0.00 0.01 0.95 TBE 112 74.11 17.24 85.17 12.41 Letter-Word Identification DBE 113 97.92 23.27 153.63 26.70 0.01 2.56 0.11 TBE 112 100.23 22.07 159.50 28.52 Passage Comprehension DBE 114 98.76 14.52 101.26 9... well-known fact is that an increasing number of children enter school with a home language of Spanish (Su?rez-Orozco & P?ez, 2002). ? In Texas, alone, over 774,719 students were served in ELL programs in 2007-2008, accounting for 17% of the school...

  14. 916 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON AUDIO, SPEECH, AND LANGUAGE PROCESSING, VOL. 19, NO. 4, MAY 2011 AR-GARCH in Presence of Noise: Parameter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cohen, Israel

    916 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON AUDIO, SPEECH, AND LANGUAGE PROCESSING, VOL. 19, NO. 4, MAY 2011 AR-GARCH (VAD) based on the autoregressive-generalized autore- gressive conditional heteroscedasticity (AR-GARCH) model. The speech signal is modeled as an AR-GARCH process in the time domain, and the likelihood ratio

  15. IEEE TRANS. AUDIO, SPEECH AND LANGUAGE PROCESSING, VOL. XX, NO. Y, MONTH 2010 1 AR-GARCH in Presence of Noise: Parameter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cohen, Israel

    IEEE TRANS. AUDIO, SPEECH AND LANGUAGE PROCESSING, VOL. XX, NO. Y, MONTH 2010 1 AR-GARCH (VAD) based on the autoregressive-generalized autore- gressive conditional heteroscedasticity (AR-GARCH) model. The speech signal is modeled as an AR-GARCH process in the time domain, and the likelihood ratio

  16. Proceedings of the Third CIPS-SIGHAN Joint Conference on Chinese Language Processing, pages 192201, Wuhan, China, 20-21 October 2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Proceedings of the Third CIPS-SIGHAN Joint Conference on Chinese Language Processing, pages 192_Value in CIPS-SIGHAN20141 Bakeoff, which turns out to be the best. The fact has shown that the method has been conducted since 2009 (Bikel et al., 2009; McNamee et al., 2009), and CIPS-SIGHAN2014 has

  17. Proceedings of the Third CIPS-SIGHAN Joint Conference on Chinese Language Processing, pages 146152, Wuhan, China, 20-21 October 2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Proceedings of the Third CIPS-SIGHAN Joint Conference on Chinese Language Processing, pages 146­152, Wuhan, China, 20-21 October 2014 Evaluation Report of the fourth Chinese Parsing Evaluation: CIPS Chinese parsing evaluation: CIPS-SIGHAN- ParsEval-2014, including its parsing, evalua- tion metrics

  18. Proceedings of the Third CIPS-SIGHAN Joint Conference on Chinese Language Processing, pages 96100, Wuhan, China, 20-21 October 2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Proceedings of the Third CIPS-SIGHAN Joint Conference on Chinese Language Processing, pages 96 for CIPS-SIGHAN'2014 Bakeoff Lu Xiang Xiaoqing Li Yu Zhou Institute of Automation Chinese Academy for the CIPS- SIGHAN-2014 bakeoff task of Chinese word segmentation. This system adopts a character- based

  19. In Proceedings of First Biennial Conference on Innovative Data Systems Research, Asilomar, CA, pp. 176-187, 2003. Genomics Algebra: A New, Integrating Data Model, Language,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hammer, Joachim

    . 176-187, 2003. Genomics Algebra: A New, Integrating Data Model, Language, and Tool for Processing and Querying Genomic Information Joachim Hammer and Markus Schneider Department of Computer & Information,mschneid}@cise.ufl.edu Abstract The dramatic increase of mostly semi-structured genomic data, their heterogeneity and high variety

  20. Harry H. Cheng Scientific Programming, Vol. 2, No. 3, Fall, 1993, pp. 4975. Scientific Computing in the C H Programming Language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cheng, Harry H.

    and ANSI C. The definitions for manip­ ulation of these metanumbers in I/O; arithmetic, relational operations in ANSI C are extended in C H . In this paper, mainly new linguistic features of C H in comparison of the C programming language except data structures. Some rough edges incompatible with the ANSI C (ANSI

  1. Proceedings of the 2014 Conference on Empirical Methods in Natural Language Processing (EMNLP), pages 233243, October 25-29, 2014, Doha, Qatar. c 2014 Association for Computational Linguistics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aligning context-based statistical models of language with brain activity during reading Leila Wehbe1. On the other hand, brain imaging studies have sug- gested that during reading, the brain (a) continu- ously- works and the brain in modeling context (1 and a), representing the incoming words (2 and b) and in

  2. Etxeberria, U. (2012). 'Quantification in Basque'. In Keenan, E. & D. Paperno (eds.), Handbook of Quantifiers in Natural Languages. Springer. [Pre-final version

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    (eds.), Handbook of Quantifiers in Natural Languages. Springer. [Pre-final version the Roman conquest (cf. among many others Mitxelena 1968, 1979, Trask 1995, 1997). In fact, Basque of the Roman conquest, is taken to be the ancestral form of Basque (for detailed accounts, cf. Gorrochategui

  3. In Proceedings of the SIGPLAN Conference on Programming Language Design and Implementation (PLDI), June 2001. Using Annotations to Reduce Dynamic Optimization Time

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krintz, Chandra

    as well as o#11;-line pro- #12;le information. The goal of our research is to minimize the overheadIn Proceedings of the SIGPLAN Conference on Programming Language Design and Implementation (PLDI, we present an annotation framework that substantially reduces compilation overhead of Java programs

  4. published in Proc. Int. Conf. Parallel Architectures and Languages, Athens, July, 1994 Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Vol. 817, SpringerVerlag, Berlin, 1994, pp. 313322

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bystroff, Chris

    published in Proc. Int. Conf. Parallel Architectures and Languages, Athens, July, 1994 Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Vol. 817, Springer­Verlag, Berlin, 1994, pp. 313­322 Run­Time Optimization. Szymanski Department of Computer Science, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute Troy, New York 12180­3590 USA

  5. Proceedings of the 10th Conference on Computational Natural Language Learning (CoNLL-X), pages 206210, New York City, June 2006. c 2006 Association for Computational Linguistics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nugues, Pierre

    the languages. 1 Nivre's Parser Nivre (2003) proposed a dependency parser that cre- ates a projective corpus is straightforward from Nivre's parser and enables us to obtain, for any projective sentence: Dependency graph of the sentence ?kten- skapet och familjen är en gammal institution, som funnits sedan 1800

  6. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON AUDIO, SPEECH, AND LANGUAGE PROCESSING, VOL. 16, NO. 6, AUGUST 2008 1087 Transforming Perceived Vocal Effort and Breathiness

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Driessen, Peter F.

    IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON AUDIO, SPEECH, AND LANGUAGE PROCESSING, VOL. 16, NO. 6, AUGUST 2008 1087 are with the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Victoria, Victoria, BC V8W 3P6, Canada (e of Computer Science, University of Victoria, Victoria, BC V8W 3P6, Canada (e-mail: gtzan@cs.uvic.ca). Digital

  7. The Heart of Language.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pettersson, Fredrik

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ?? This paper is an analysis of the translation of metaphors in an English informative text and its Swedish translation. The English source text is (more)

  8. Romance Languages and Literatures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Suzuki, Masatsugu

    ; hermeneutics; mythology. (1988) Riob, Carlos, Assistant Professor, PhD, 1998, Yale University: Colonial and 20

  9. INSTRUCTOR BIOGRAPHY Languages spoken

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chaudhuri, Sanjay

    Hong Kong India Indonesia Japan Korea Malaysia Philippines Singapore Taiwan Thailand EMEA United Arab Emirates United Kingdom North America Canada United States Company experience: Big 4 firm First Chicago

  10. Plain Language Training Class

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Registration link: Click Here to RegisterThe link will bring you to the Plain Writing Powerpedia page, where you can register for the class that works for you. Alternatively, please contact Michael...

  11. Plain Language Training Class

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Registration link:Click Here to RegisterThe link will bring you to the Plain Writing Powerpedia page, where you can register for the class that works for you. Alternatively, please contact Michael...

  12. Gesture's Neural Language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andric, Michael; Small, Steven L

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    it is their dense interconnectivity that enables dynamicthe brain and its interconnectivity must be considered. In

  13. QA Standard Contract Language

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of Energy Power.pdf11-161-LNG |September 15,2015 | DepartmentLoans | Department of Energy Q&A:The

  14. Workshop on Composition Languages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schneider, Jean-Guy

    Lumpe Co-located with the 8th European Software Engineering Conference and the 9th ACM SIGSOFT Symposium by Jean-Guy Schneider and Markus Lumpe Co-located with the 8th European Software Engineering Conference and the 9th ACM SIGSOFT Symposium on the Foundations of Software Engineering #12;#12;Workshop on Composition

  15. JLA is an Academy that is specialized in teaching Arabic language and culture for non-native speakers. It is an institution that strives for excellence and high standard education.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Indiana University

    About JLA JLA is an Academy that is specialized in teaching Arabic language and culture for non, knowledge, qualifications, research, and many other unique qualities among our staff that made this Academy and classrooms please click here and here. Location Jordan Language Academy is located in the western part

  16. This list includes a sampling of volunteer opportunities and organizations working in language tutor-ing. These opportunities may be suitable for students majoring or interested in cultural-related areas.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wisconsin at Madison, University of

    This list includes a sampling of volunteer opportunities and organizations working in language tutor- ing. These opportunities may be suitable for students majoring or interested in cultural://www.guts.wisc.edu/programs/fll_tutor_info.html Want to meet new people interested in your language, develop cross-cultural communication skills, have

  17. The Worker Component At The World Trade Center Cleanup: Addressing Cultural And Language Differences In Emergency Operations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McCabe, B.; Carpenter, C.; Blair. D.

    2003-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

    On September 11, 2001, the terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center (WTC) caused astronomical loss of life and property. Systems in place to manage disaster response were strained to the limit because key first responders were among the casualties when the twin towers collapsed. In addition, the evolution of events required immediate response in a rapidly changing and extremely hazardous situation. Rescue, recovery, and clean up became an overpowering and sustained effort that would utilize the resources of federal, state and local governments and agencies. One issue during the response to the WTC disaster site that did not receive much attention was that of the limited and non-English speaking worker. The Operating Engineers National HAZMAT Program (OENHP), with its history of a Hispanic Outreach Program, was acutely aware of this issue with the Hispanic worker. The Hispanic population comprises approximately 27% of the population of New York City (1). The extremely unfortunate and tragic events of that day provided an opportunity to not only provide assistance for the Hispanic workers, but also to apply lessons learned and conduct studies on worker training with language barriers in a real life environment. However, due to the circumstances surrounding this tragedy, the study of these issues was conducted primarily by observation. Through partnerships with other organizations such as the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), the New York Health Department, the New York Department of Design and Construction (DDC), the New York Committee for Occupational Safety and Health (NYCOSH), and private companies such as 3M and MSA, OENHP was able to provide translated information on hazards, protective measures, fit testing of respirators, and site specific safety and health training. The OENHP translated materials on hazards and how to protect workers into Spanish to assist in getting the information to the limited and non- English speaking workers.

  18. The Correlates of Storytelling from the Teaching Proficiency through Reading and Storytelling (TPRS) Method of Foreign Language Instruction on Anxiety, Continued Enrollment and Academic Success in MIddle and High School Students

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beal, Kenneth David

    2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this study is to explore storytelling as it is used in the foreign language teaching method called Teaching Proficiency through Reading and Storytelling (TPRS), a technique which uses entertaining stories ...

  19. Neural Systems Underlying Spatial Language in American Sign Language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bellugi, Ursula

    describing spatial relations in ASL, the identity of each object is first indicated by a lexical sign (e.g., HOUSE, BIKE2 ). The location of the objects, their ori- entation, and their spatial relation vis

  20. Language Independent and Language Adaptive Large Vocabulary Speech Recognition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schultz, Tanja

    Arabic, Chinese, Croatian, English, French, German, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Portuguese, Russian Speakers Spoken units Chinese 5124 77 150,000 Croatian 2826 62 80,000 Japanese 5641 62 200,000 Korean 1587 Arabic, Chinese (Mandarin and Wu), Croatian, German, Japanese, Korean, Portuguese, Russian, Spanish