Powered by Deep Web Technologies
Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mohamad hugo destaillats" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Hugo Destaillats  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hugo Destaillats Hugo Destaillats Hugo Destaillats Indoor Environment Group Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory 1 Cyclotron Road MS 70R108B Berkeley CA 94720 Office Location: 70-0103A (510) 486-5897 HDestaillats@lbl.gov Hugo Destaillats is a Staff Scientist at the Environmental Energy Technologies Division, and Deputy Leader of the Indoor Environment Group. He has been at LBNL since 2003. Hugo obtained a Ph.D. in Chemistry from the University of Buenos Aires (Argentina), and has been a postdoctoral researcher at the California Institute of Technology. Hugo's research interests are at the interface between environmental chemistry, human health and energy efficiency of the built environment. He leads efforts to understand exposure to harmful pollutants, and to develop and characterize new building materials and technologies that improve the

2

Publications  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

William J. Fisk. "Energy efficient indoor VOC air cleaning with activated carbon fiber (ACF) filters." Building and Environment 47 (2012): 368-372. Destaillats, Hugo, Mohamad...

3

Publications  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

57 results: 57 results: BibTex RIS RTF XML Sort by: Author Title Type [ Year (Desc) ] Filters: Author is Hugo Destaillats [Clear All Filters] 2013 Sleiman, Mohamad, Hugo Destaillats, and Lara A. Gundel. "Solid-phase supported profluorescent nitroxide probe for the determination of aerosol-borne reactive oxygen species." Talanta 116 (2013): 1033-1039. Sidheswaran, Meera A., Wenhao Chen, Agatha Chang, Robert Miller, Sebastian Cohn, Douglas P. Sullivan, William J. Fisk, Kazukiyo Kumagai, and Hugo Destaillats. "Formaldehyde emissions from ventilation filters under different relative humidity conditions." Environmental Science and Technology (2013). Zazueta, Ana Luisa Loo, Hugo Destaillats, and Gianluca Li Puma. "Radiation field modeling and optimization of a compact and modular multi-plate

4

Publications  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

14 results: 14 results: BibTex RIS RTF XML Sort by: Author Title Type [ Year (Desc) ] Filters: Author is Mohamad Sleiman [Clear All Filters] 2013 Sleiman, Mohamad, Hugo Destaillats, and Lara A. Gundel. "Solid-phase supported profluorescent nitroxide probe for the determination of aerosol-borne reactive oxygen species." Talanta 116 (2013): 1033-1039. Rosseler, Olivier, Mohamad Sleiman, Nahuel V. Montesinos, Andrey Shavorskiy, Valerie Keller, Nicolas Keller, Marta I. Litter, Hendrik Bluhm, Miquel Salmeron, and Hugo Destaillats. "Chemistry of NOx on TiO2 surfaces studied by ambient pressure XPS: products, effect of UV irradiation, water and coadsorbed K+." J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 4, no. 3 (2013): 536-541. Schick, Suzaynn, Kathryn F. Farraro, Charles Perrino, Mohamad Sleiman,

5

Laboratory measurement of secondary pollutant yields from ozone reaction with HVAC filters.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

from Ozone Reaction with HVAC Filters Hugo Destaillats,from Ozone Reaction with HVAC Filters Hugo Destaillatsfrom Ozone Reaction with HVAC Filters Hugo Destaillats

Destaillats, Hugo

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

Publications  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

5 results: 5 results: BibTex RIS RTF XML Sort by: Author Title Type [ Year (Desc) ] Filters: Author is Daria Kibanova [Clear All Filters] 2012 Kibanova, Daria, Mohamad Sleiman, Javiera Cervini-Silva, and Hugo Destaillats. "Adsorption and photocatalytic oxidation of formaldehyde on a clay-TiO2 composite." Journal of Hazardous Materials 212-212 (2012): 233-239. 2011 Kibanova, Daria, Martin Trejo, Hugo Destaillats, and Javiera Cervini-Silva. "Photocatalytic activity of kaolinite." Catalysis Communications 12, no. 8 (2011): 698-702. 2009 Kibanova, Daria, Javiera Cervini-Silva, and Hugo Destaillats. "Efficiency of clay-TiO2 nanocomposites on the photocatalytic elimination of a model hydrophobic air pollutant." Environmental Science and Technology 43 (2009):

7

Mohamad Sleiman  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Laboratory. He leads the experimental effort for the development of accelerated aging protocols to mimic the loss of solar reflectance of roofing materials caused by...

8

A Review of Numerical Forecast Guidance for Hurricane Hugo  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Numerical forecast guidance for Hurricane Hugo from the National Meteorological Center is examined, as well as forecasts from the European Center for Medium Range Forecasting and the United Kingdom Meteorological Office. No one forecast product ...

John H. Ward

1990-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

Structure of the Eye and Eyewall of Hurricane Hugo (1989)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

On 15 September 1989, one of NOAA’s WP-3D research aircraft, N42RF [lower aircraft (LA)], penetrated the eyewall of Hurricane Hugo. The aircraft had an engine fail in severe turbulence while passing the radius of maximum wind and before entering ...

Frank D. Marks; Peter G. Black; Michael T. Montgomery; Robert W. Burpee

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

The Landfall of Hurricane Hugo in the Carolinas: Surface Wind Distribution  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Hurricane Hugo struck Charleston, South Carolina, on 22 September 1989 as the most intense hurricane to affect the United States since Camille in 1969. The northeastern eyewall, which contained the maximum winds measured by reconnaissance ...

Mark D. Powell; Peter P. Dodge; Michael L. Black

1991-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Publications  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Paul Berdahl, Thomas W. Kirchstetter, Hugo Destaillats, and Ronnen M. Levinson. "Soiling of building envelope surfaces and its effect on solar reflectance-Part I: Analysis of...

12

Publications  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

44 results: 44 results: BibTex RIS RTF XML Sort by: Author Title Type [ Year (Desc) ] Filters: Author is Ronnen M. Levinson [Clear All Filters] 2013 Ban-Weiss, George, Craig P. Wray, William W. Delp, Peter Ly, Hashem Akbari, and Ronnen M. Levinson. "Electricity production and cooling energy savings from installation of a building-integrated photovoltaic roof on an office building." Energy and Buildings 56 (2013): 210-220. 2012 Levinson, Ronnen M.. The Case for Cool Roofs., 2012. 2011 Menon, Surabi, and Ronnen M. Levinson. Cool roofs and global cooling: a response to Jacobson & Ten Hoeve (2011)., 2011. Sleiman, Mohamad, George Ban-Weiss, Haley E. Gilbert, David François, Paul Berdahl, Thomas W. Kirchstetter, Hugo Destaillats, and Ronnen M. Levinson. "Soiling of building envelope surfaces and its effect on solar

13

Publications  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

32 results: 32 results: BibTex RIS RTF XML Sort by: Author Title Type [ Year (Desc) ] Filters: Author is Paul Berdahl [Clear All Filters] 2011 Sleiman, Mohamad, George Ban-Weiss, Haley E. Gilbert, David François, Paul Berdahl, Thomas W. Kirchstetter, Hugo Destaillats, and Ronnen M. Levinson. "Soiling of building envelope surfaces and its effect on solar reflectance-Part I: Analysis of roofing product databases." Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells 95 (2011): 3385-3399. 2010 Levinson, Ronnen M., Hashem Akbari, Paul Berdahl, Kurt Wood, Wayne Skilton, and Jerry Petersheim. "A novel technique for the production of cool colored concrete tile and asphalt shingle roofing products." Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells 94, no. 6 (2010): 946-954. Levinson, Ronnen M., Hashem Akbari, and Paul Berdahl. "Measuring solar

14

Soiling of building envelope surfaces and its effect on solar  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Soiling of building envelope surfaces and its effect on solar Soiling of building envelope surfaces and its effect on solar reflectance-Part I: Analysis of roofing product databases Title Soiling of building envelope surfaces and its effect on solar reflectance-Part I: Analysis of roofing product databases Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 2011 Authors Sleiman, Mohamad, George Ban-Weiss, Haley E. Gilbert, David François, Paul Berdahl, Thomas W. Kirchstetter, Hugo Destaillats, and Ronnen M. Levinson Journal Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells Volume 95 Pagination 3385-3399 Date Published 10/2011 ISSN 0927-0248 Keywords Advanced Surfaces, building technology and urban systems department, Heat Island, Heat Island Group URL http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.solmat.2011.08.002 DOI 10.1016/j.solmat.2011.08.002

15

Publications  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

51 results: 51 results: BibTex RIS RTF XML Sort by: Author Title Type [ Year (Desc) ] Filters: Author is Lara A. Gundel [Clear All Filters] 2013 Sleiman, Mohamad, Hugo Destaillats, and Lara A. Gundel. "Solid-phase supported profluorescent nitroxide probe for the determination of aerosol-borne reactive oxygen species." Talanta 116 (2013): 1033-1039. Sidheswaran, Meera A., Sebastian Cohn, Douglas P. Sullivan, and Lara A. Gundel. Performance Evaluation of Real Time Formaldehyde Monitors: PTR-MS and Interscan 4160-500B Portable Monitor. Berkeley: Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, 2013. Hang, Bo, Altaf H. Sarker, Christopher Havel, Saikat Saha, Tapas K. Hazra, Suzaynn Schick, Peyton Jacob III, Virender Rehan, Ahmed Chenna, Divya Sharan et al. "Thirdhand smoke causes DNA damage in human cells."

16

TY JOUR  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Solid phase supported profluorescent nitroxide probe for the determination Solid phase supported profluorescent nitroxide probe for the determination of aerosol borne reactive oxygen species JF Talanta A1 Mohamad Sleiman A1 Hugo Destaillats A1 Lara A Gundel KW Freeradicals Proxyl fluorescamine Dichlorofluorescin Cigarettesmoke Ozone NOx AB div class abstract svAbstract p id sp0035 Reactive oxygen species ROS and free radicals play important roles in the chemical transformation and adverse health effects of environmental aerosols This work presents a simple and sensitive method for sampling and analysis of ROS using a packed column coated with a profluorescent nitroxide scavenger proxyl fluorescamine PF Quantification was performed by extraction and analysis using HPLC with fluorescence detection For comparison the conventional

17

Climate from borehole data: Energy fluxes and temperatures since Hugo Beltrami  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

anomaly. The vertical profile of the temperature anomaly, depends on the history of energy balance. Wang, and R. L. Bras, Energy balance at the Earth's surface: Heat flux history in eastern CanadaClimate from borehole data: Energy fluxes and temperatures since 1500 Hugo Beltrami Environmental

Beltrami, Hugo

18

Effect of Hurricane Hugo on molluscan skeletal distributions, Salt River Bay, St. Croix, US Virgin Islands  

SciTech Connect

Just prior to the passage of Hurricane Hugo over St. Croix, U.S. Virgin Islands, 35 molluscan skeletal samples were collected at 30 m intervals along a sampling transect in Salt River Bay, on the north-central coast. Three months after the hurricane, the transect was resampled to permit direct assessment of storm effects on skeletal distributions. Results indicate that spatial zonation of molluscan accumulations, associated with environmental transitions along the transect, was maintained in the wake of the hurricane. However, limited transport was diagnosed by comparing the compositions of prestorm and poststorm samples from the deepest, mud-rich subenvironment on the transect. In aggregate, the species richness of samples from the southern half of this zone increased from 16 to 40, and the abundance of species that were not among the characteristic molluscs of this subenvironment increased from 11% to 26%. These storm effects could probably not have been recognized, and attributed directly to Hugo, had there been no prestorm samples with which to compare directly the poststorm samples.

Miller, A.I.; Llewellyn, G. (Univ. of Cincinnati, OH (United States)); Cummins, H.; Boardman, M.R. (Miami Univ., Oxford, OH (United States)); Greenstein, B.J. (Smith College, Northampton, MA (United States)); Jacobs, D.K. (Univ. of California, Berkeley (United States)); Parsons, K.M.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Publications  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

BibTex RIS RTF XML Sort by: Author Title Type Year (Desc) Filters: Author is Martin Trejo Clear All Filters 2011 Kibanova, Daria, Martin Trejo, Hugo Destaillats, and...

20

Indoor Surface Chemistry: Ozone Reaction with Nicotine Sorbed...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Indoor Surface Chemistry: Ozone Reaction with Nicotine Sorbed to Model Materials Speaker(s): Hugo Destaillats Date: May 19, 2005 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 During this seminar,...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mohamad hugo destaillats" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

EETD Distinguished Lecture -Climate Change Hits Home  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

EETD Distinguished Lecture -Climate Change Hits Home Speaker(s): John Spengler Date: June 18, 2012 - 12:00pm Location: 50 Auditorium Seminar HostPoint of Contact: Hugo Destaillats...

22

Chemistry of NOx on TiO2 surfaces studied by ambient pressure XPS:  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Chemistry of NOx on TiO2 surfaces studied by ambient pressure XPS: Chemistry of NOx on TiO2 surfaces studied by ambient pressure XPS: products, effect of UV irradiation, water and coadsorbed K+ Title Chemistry of NOx on TiO2 surfaces studied by ambient pressure XPS: products, effect of UV irradiation, water and coadsorbed K+ Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 2013 Authors Rosseler, Olivier, Mohamad Sleiman, Nahuel V. Montesinos, Andrey Shavorskiy, Valerie Keller, Nicolas Keller, Marta I. Litter, Hendrik Bluhm, Miquel Salmeron, and Hugo Destaillats Journal J. Phys. Chem. Lett. Volume 4 Start Page 536 Issue 3 Pagination 536-541 Date Published 01/2013 Abstract Self-cleaning surfaces containing TiO2 nanoparticles have been postulated to efficiently remove NOx from the atmosphere. However, UV irradiation of NOx adsorbed on TiO2 also was shown to form harmful gas-phase byproducts such as HONO and N2O that may limit their depolluting potential. Ambient pressure XPS was used to study surface and gas-phase species formed during adsorption of NO2 on TiO2 and subsequent UV irradiation at λ = 365 nm. It is shown here that NO3-, adsorbed on TiO2 as a byproduct of NO2 disproportionation, was quantitatively converted to surface NO2 and other reduced nitrogenated species under UV irradiation in the absence of moisture. When water vapor was present, a faster NO3- conversion occurred, leading to a net loss of surface-bound nitrogenated species. Strongly adsorbed NO3- in the vicinity of coadsorbed K+ cations was stable under UV light, leading to an efficient capture of nitrogenated compounds.

23

Hugo Loetscher: In Memoriam  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the FRG in his novel Noah (1967). The building of the Arkturn against each-other, Noah comes to the conclusion thatthan obvious; interestingly, Noah was rediscovered at the

Dewulf, Jeroen

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Publications  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

83 results: 83 results: BibTex RIS RTF XML Sort by: Author Title Type [ Year (Desc) ] Filters: Author is Alfred T. Hodgson [Clear All Filters] 2013 Maddalena, Randy L., Na Li, Alfred T. Hodgson, Francis J. Offermann, and Brett C. Singer. "Maximizing Information from Residential Measurements of Volatile Organic Compounds." In Healthy Buildings 2012 - 10th International Conference. Brisbane, Australia, 2013. 2008 Hodgson, Alfred T., Hugo Destaillats, Toshifumi Hotchi, and William J. Fisk. Benefits and technological challenges in the implementation of TiO2-based ultraviolet photocatalytic oxidation (UVPCO) air cleaners In Indoor Air 2008. Copenhagen, Denmark: Indoor Air, Paper ID: 297, 2008. Maddalena, Randy L., Hugo Destaillats, Marion L. Russell, Alfred T. Hodgson, and Thomas E. McKone. "Indoor pollutants emitted by electronic

25

DRAFT 12-5-10 To be submitted to Indoor Air  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Energy Efficient Indoor VOC Air Cleaning with Activated Carbon Fiber (ACF) Filters Meera A. Sidheswaran 1 , Hugo Destaillats 1,2, , Douglas P. Sullivan 1 , Sebastian Cohn 1 , and William J. Fisk 1 1 Environmental Energy Technologies Division Indoor Environment Department Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory 2 Arizona State University School of Sustainable Engineering and the Built Environment Phoenix, AZ April 2011 This work was supported by the Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Building Technologies Program of the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract No. DE-AC02-05CH11231. LBNL-5176E 2 Energy Efficient Indoor VOC Air Cleaning with

26

Accelerated Aging of Roofing Surfaces  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Accelerated aging of roofing surfaces Accelerated aging of roofing surfaces Hugo Destaillats, Ph.D. Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory HDestaillats@LBL.gov (510) 486-5897 http://HeatIsland.LBL.gov April 4, 2013 Development of Advanced Building Envelope Surface Materials & Integration of Artificial Soiling and Weathering in a Commercial Weatherometer New York Times, 30 July 2009 2010 2012 Challenge: speed the development of high performance building envelope materials that resist soiling, maintain high solar reflectance, and save energy 2 | Building Technologies Office eere.energy.gov

27

Quantitative room-temperature mineralization of airborne formaldehyde using  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Quantitative room-temperature mineralization of airborne formaldehyde using Quantitative room-temperature mineralization of airborne formaldehyde using manganese oxide catalysts Title Quantitative room-temperature mineralization of airborne formaldehyde using manganese oxide catalysts Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 2011 Authors Sidheswaran, Meera A., Hugo Destaillats, Douglas P. Sullivan, Joern Larsen, and William J. Fisk Journal Applied Catalysis B - Environmental Issue 107 Pagination 34-41 Date Published 2011 Keywords commercial building ventilation & indoor environmental quality group, commercial building ventilation and indoor environmental quality group, energy analysis and environmental impacts department, indoor environment department, indoor environment group DOI 10.1016/j.apcatb.2011.06.032 Attachment Size

28

Key parameters influencing the performance of photocatalytic oxidation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Key parameters influencing the performance of photocatalytic oxidation Key parameters influencing the performance of photocatalytic oxidation (PCO) air purification under realistic indoor conditions Title Key parameters influencing the performance of photocatalytic oxidation (PCO) air purification under realistic indoor conditions Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 2012 Authors Destaillats, Hugo, Mohamad Sleiman, Douglas P. Sullivan, Catherine Jacquiod, Jean Sablayrolles, and Laurent Molins Journal Applied Catalysis B: Environmental Volume 128 Pagination 159-170 Date Published 11/30/2012 Abstract Photocatalytic oxidation (PCO) air cleaning is a promising technology suitable for the elimination of a broad range of volatile organic compounds (VOCs). However, performance of poorly designed PCO systems may be affected by the formation of volatile aldehydes and other partially oxidized byproducts. This study explored the role of key design and dimensioning parameters that influence the effective removal of primary pollutants and can help reduce or eliminate the formation of secondary byproducts. A model pollutant mixture containing benzene, toluene, o-xylene, undecane, 1-butanol, formaldehyde and acetaldehyde was introduced at a constant rate in a 20-m3 environmental chamber operating at an air exchange rate of 1 h-1. Individual pollutant concentrations were kept at realistically low levels, between 2 and 40 μg m-3. A prototype air cleaner provided with flat or pleated PCO filtering media was operated in an external ductwork loop that recirculated chamber air at flow rates in the range 178-878 m3 h-1, corresponding to recycle ratios between 8.5 and 38. Air samples were collected upstream and downstream of the air cleaner and analyzed off-line to determine single-pass removal efficiency. The final-to-initial chamber concentration ratio was used to determine the global chamber removal efficiency for each pollutant. In the flat filter configuration, longer dwelling times of compounds on the TiO2 surface were attained by reducing the recirculation airflow by a factor of ∼5, leading to increasing total pollutant removal efficiency from 5% to 44%. Net acetaldehyde and formaldehyde removal was achieved, the later at airflow rates below 300 m3 h-1, illustrating the critical importance of controlling the contact time of primary and secondary pollutants with the TiO2 surface. The use of pleated media was shown to increase significantly the system performance by extending the dwelling time of pollutants on the irradiated surface of the PCO media, with a 70% degradation of target pollutants. With the pleated media, formaldehyde removal efficiency increased to 60%. Irradiation using either a UVC or a UVA lamp under identical flow conditions produced similar pollutant elimination. A simple correlation between the steady-state single pass removal efficiency and the global chamber removal efficiency was used to rationalize these experimental results and identify optimal operating conditions.

29

Secondary pollutants from ozone reactions with ventilation filters and  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Secondary pollutants from ozone reactions with ventilation filters and Secondary pollutants from ozone reactions with ventilation filters and degradation of filter media additives Title Secondary pollutants from ozone reactions with ventilation filters and degradation of filter media additives Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 2011 Authors Destaillats, Hugo, Wenhao Chen, Michael G. Apte, Nuan Li, Michael Spears, Jérémie Almosni, Gregory Brunner, Jianshun(Jensen) Zhang, and William J. Fisk Journal Atmospheric Environment Volume 45 Start Page 3561 Issue 21 Pagination 3561-3568 Keywords commercial building ventilation & indoor environmental quality group, commercial building ventilation and indoor environmental quality group, energy analysis and environmental impacts department, indoor environment department, indoor environment group

30

Real Time Monitoring of Self Assembled Monolayers Using ATR: Implications  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Real Time Monitoring of Self Assembled Monolayers Using ATR: Implications Real Time Monitoring of Self Assembled Monolayers Using ATR: Implications to Atmospheric Organic Surfaces Speaker(s): Yael Dubowski Date: December 10, 2003 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Hugo Destaillats Most studies of heterogeneous reactions on aerosols have focused on their implications for gas phase species. Less attention, however, has been given to the modification of aerosol surfaces during such reactions. Alteration of aerosol surface species may affect their hygroscopic and radiative properties as well as their reactivity toward other atmospheric trace species. In the present study, we use self-assembled organic monolayers (SAM) as proxies for atmospheric organic aerosols. Detection of even very short carbon chains (i.e., C3) as well as continuous monitoring of the SAMs

31

Benefits and technological challenges in the implementation of TiO2-based  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Benefits and technological challenges in the implementation of TiO2-based Benefits and technological challenges in the implementation of TiO2-based ultraviolet photocatalytic oxidation (UVPCO) air cleaners Title Benefits and technological challenges in the implementation of TiO2-based ultraviolet photocatalytic oxidation (UVPCO) air cleaners Publication Type Conference Proceedings Year of Publication 2008 Authors Hodgson, Alfred T., Hugo Destaillats, Toshifumi Hotchi, and William J. Fisk Conference Name Indoor Air 2008 Pagination 17-22 Date Published August 2008 Publisher Indoor Air, Paper ID: 297 Conference Location Copenhagen, Denmark Abstract Indoor air cleaners based on TiO2 photocatalytic oxidation of organic pollutants are a promising technology to improve or maintain indoor air quality while reducing ventilation energy costs. We evaluated the performance of a pilot scale UVPCO air cleaner under realistic conditions in single pass and recirculation modes

32

Publications  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

8 results: 8 results: BibTex RIS RTF XML Sort by: Author Title Type [ Year (Desc) ] Filters: Author is Sebastian Cohn [Clear All Filters] 2013 Sidheswaran, Meera A., Wenhao Chen, Agatha Chang, Robert Miller, Sebastian Cohn, Douglas P. Sullivan, William J. Fisk, Kazukiyo Kumagai, and Hugo Destaillats. "Formaldehyde emissions from ventilation filters under different relative humidity conditions." Environmental Science and Technology (2013). Sidheswaran, Meera A., Sebastian Cohn, Douglas P. Sullivan, and Lara A. Gundel. Performance Evaluation of Real Time Formaldehyde Monitors: PTR-MS and Interscan 4160-500B Portable Monitor. Berkeley: Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, 2013. 2012 Chan, Wanyu R., Meera A. Sidheswaran, Douglas P. Sullivan, Sebastian Cohn, and William J. Fisk. "Contaminant levels and source strengths in U.S.

33

Measurement and Evaluation of Ultra-fine Particle Emissions from Laser  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Measurement and Evaluation of Ultra-fine Particle Emissions from Laser Measurement and Evaluation of Ultra-fine Particle Emissions from Laser Printers Speaker(s): Tunga Salthammer Date: October 9, 2008 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Hugo Destaillats Several publications have recently appeared which describe the release of ultra-fine particles (UFPs) from hardcopy devices not only in chamber tests but also under real room conditions. Due to assumed health impacts attributed to UFPs this subject currently receives substantial public attention. For the characterization of emitted UFPs from laser printers, different test methods (box chamber tests, flow chamber tests, furnace tests) and analytical techniques (SMPS, FMPS, VHTDMA, GC/MS, Headspace/MS, thermography, etc...) were applied. It could be shown that the release of

34

Formaldehyde emissions from ventilation filters under different relative  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Formaldehyde emissions from ventilation filters under different relative Formaldehyde emissions from ventilation filters under different relative humidity conditions Title Formaldehyde emissions from ventilation filters under different relative humidity conditions Publication Type Journal Article Refereed Designation Refereed Year of Publication 2013 Authors Sidheswaran, Meera A., Wenhao Chen, Agatha Chang, Robert Miller, Sebastian Cohn, Douglas P. Sullivan, William J. Fisk, Kazukiyo Kumagai, and Hugo Destaillats Journal Environmental Science and Technology Date Published 04/18/2013 Abstract A method combining life cycle assessment (LCA) and real options analyses is developed to predict project environmental and financial performance over time, under market uncertainties and decision-making flexibility. The method is applied to examine alternative uses for oil sands coke, a carbonaceous byproduct of processing the unconventional petroleum found in northern Alberta, Canada. Under uncertainties in natural gas price and the imposition of a carbon price, our method identifies that selling the coke to China for electricity generation by integrated gasification combined cycle is

35

Arsenic Removal by Photochemical Methods: Nanoparticulate Zerovalent Iron  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Arsenic Removal by Photochemical Methods: Nanoparticulate Zerovalent Iron Arsenic Removal by Photochemical Methods: Nanoparticulate Zerovalent Iron and Heterogeneous Photocatalysis with TiO2 Speaker(s): Marta Litter Date: November 19, 2010 - 11:00am Location: 90-3122 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Hugo Destaillats Arsenic in groundwater is a dramatic global problem due to the high incidence of arsenicosis or HACRE (Chronic Endemic Regional Hydro-arsenicism, Hidroarsenicismo Crónico Regional Endémico in Spanish), a severe illness causing skin lesions and cancer in extended regions of the world. For this reason, research on low-cost technologies for As removal to be applied in isolated, poor, rural locations is mandatory. This seminar will present a brief overview of arsenic pollution issues and mitigation needs in Latin America. It will also present results on As(V) removal using

36

Effect of Key Parameters on the Photocatalytic Oxidation of Toluene at Low  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Effect of Key Parameters on the Photocatalytic Oxidation of Toluene at Low Effect of Key Parameters on the Photocatalytic Oxidation of Toluene at Low Concentrations in Air under 254 + 185 nm UV Irradiation Title Effect of Key Parameters on the Photocatalytic Oxidation of Toluene at Low Concentrations in Air under 254 + 185 nm UV Irradiation Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 2010 Authors Quici, Natalia, María L. Vera, Hyeok Choi, Gianluca Li Puma, Dionysios D. Dionysiou, Marta I. Litter, and Hugo Destaillats Journal Applied Catalysis B: Environmental Volume 95 Issue 3-4 Pagination 312-319 Date Published 04/2010 Keywords air treatment, environmental chemistry, exposure & risk group, heterogeneous photocatalysis, indoor environment department, indoors, oxidation, photocatalytic, tio2, titania, toluene, uvpco, volatile organic compounds

37

Silica and Siliceous Surfaces as Hosts for Hazardous Metals in Water Aaron Barkatt, April L. Pulvirenti, and Mohamad A. Adel-Hadadi  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, together with 50 mL of the combined Cu-Pb solution. Mixing was performed using either a TCLP rotator,240 TCLP rotator 2 Merck 10184, 300 m2 /g DIW 0.5 10 10 5,8 50 1.5,20, 40 6,24 Magnetic stirrer 3 Merck HCl, 4M NH4OH, 4MNH4OH +3M NaNO3, 4M HNO3 0.5 10 10 5 50 20 6,24 TCLP rotator 5 Merck 10184, 300 m2 /g

District of Columbia, University of the

38

Detuning Detection in Induction Motors Hugo Rodriguez-Cortes, Christoforos N. Hadjicostis and Aleksandar M. Stankovic  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

such that the armature current distribution is fixed in space no matter what rotor speed exists. Thus, the field flux of this orthogonality is that the field flux is unaffected by the armature current so that, when the field flux is kept controlling the armature current. In induction motors field flux and armature MMF distributions

Stankoviæ, Aleksandar

39

Hugo van Dam and the dynamic adjoint function Imre Pa zsit*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

adjoint theory in such cases does not play a role at all. 1762 I. Pa´zsit / Annals of Nuclear Energy 30 and practical and, accordingly, it dominates the applications in the theory of zero power reactor noise fluctuations in a steady subcritical reactor, i.e. the theory of zero power reactor noise, the dual possibility

Pázsit, Imre

40

Quantum cryptography Nicolas Gisin, Gregoire Ribordy, Wolfgang Tittel, and Hugo Zbinden  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the quantum communication channel can be either free space (see Sec. IV.E) or optical fibers--special fibers as a ``quantum one-time pad'' 154 F. Optical amplification, quantum nondemolition measurements, and optimal. Single-mode fibers 158 2. Polarization effects in single-mode fibers 158 3. Chromatic dispersion effects

Levi, Anthony F. J.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mohamad hugo destaillats" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Evaluation of a Combined Ultraviolet Photocatalytic Oxidation (UVPCO) /  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Evaluation of a Combined Ultraviolet Photocatalytic Oxidation (UVPCO) / Evaluation of a Combined Ultraviolet Photocatalytic Oxidation (UVPCO) / Chemisorbent Air Cleaner for Indoor Air Applications Title Evaluation of a Combined Ultraviolet Photocatalytic Oxidation (UVPCO) / Chemisorbent Air Cleaner for Indoor Air Applications Publication Type Report LBNL Report Number LBNL-62202 Year of Publication 2007 Authors Hodgson, Alfred T., Hugo Destaillats, Toshifumi Hotchi, and William J. Fisk Report Number LBNL-62202 Abstract We previously reported that gas-phase byproducts of incomplete oxidation were generated when a prototype ultraviolet photocatalytic oxidation (UVPCO) air cleaner was operated in the laboratory with indoor-relevant mixtures of VOCs at realistic concentrations. Under these conditions, there was net production of formaldehyde and acetaldehyde, two important indoor air toxicants. Here, we further explore the issue of byproduct generation. Using the same UVPCO air cleaner, we conducted experiments to identify common VOCs that lead to the production of formaldehyde and acetaldehyde and to quantify their production rates. We sought to reduce the production of formaldehyde and acetaldehyde to acceptable levels by employing different chemisorbent scrubbers downstream of the UVPCO device. Additionally, we made preliminary measurements to estimate the capacity and expected lifetime of the chemisorbent media. For most experiments, the system was operated at 680 - 780 m3/h (400 - 460 cfm).

42

Laboratory Measurement of Secondary Pollutant Yields from Ozone Reaction  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Laboratory Measurement of Secondary Pollutant Yields from Ozone Reaction Laboratory Measurement of Secondary Pollutant Yields from Ozone Reaction with HVAC Filters Title Laboratory Measurement of Secondary Pollutant Yields from Ozone Reaction with HVAC Filters Publication Type Conference Proceedings Year of Publication 2009 Authors Destaillats, Hugo, Wenhao Chen, Michael G. Apte, Nuan Li, Michael Spears, Jérémie Almosni, Jianshun Zheng, and William J. Fisk Conference Name Proceedings of the Healthy Buildings 2009 Conference Conference Location Syracuse, NY Keywords building-related symptoms, hvac filter, ozone, ptr-ms, secondary pollutants Abstract We used Proton Transfer Reaction - Mass Spectrometry (PTR-MS) and conventional sampling methods to monitor and identify trace level organic pollutants formed in heterogeneous reactions between ozone and HVAC filters in real time. Experiments were carried out using a bench-scale flow tube reactor operating with dry air and humidified air (50% RH), at realistically high ozone concentrations (150 ppbv). We explored different filter media (i.e., fiberglass and cotton/polyester blends) and different particle loadings (i.e., clean filter and filters loaded with particles for 3 months at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and the Port of Oakland, CA). Detailed emission dynamics of very low levels of certain organic pollutants from filter media upon ozone exposure in the presence of moisture have been obtained and analyzed.

43

Publications  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Destaillats, and Gianluca Li Puma. "Radiation field modeling and optimization of a compact and modular multi-plate photocatalytic reactor (MPPR) for airwater purification by...

44

LOOKOU T U-87 U-70 PEC ONI C COM AN CHE CR EEK U-107 HUGO CLIFF  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Liquids Reserve Class Liquids Reserve Class No 2001 liquids reserves 0.1 - 10 Mbbl 10.1 - 100 Mbbl 100.1 - 1,000 Mbbl 1,000.1 - 10,000 Mbbl 10,000.1 - 100,000 Mbbl Denver Basin Outline The mapped oil and gas field boundary outlines were created by the Reserves and Production Division, Office of Oil and Gas, Energy Information Administration pursuant to studies required by Section 604 of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act Amendments of 2000 (P.L. 106-469). The boundaries are not informed by subsurface structural information. The data and methods used in their creation are detailed in a report, "Scientific Inventory of Onshore Federal Lands' Oil and Gas Resources and Reserves and the Extent and Nature of Restrictions to Their Development", prepared by the US Departments of Interior, Agriculture and Energy.

45

LOOKOU T U-87 U-70 PEC ONI C COM AN CHE CR EEK U-107 HUGO CLIFF  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Gas Reserve Class Gas Reserve Class No 2001 gas reserves 0.1 - 10 MMCF 10.1 - 100 MMCF 100.1 - 1,000 MMCF 1,000.1 - 10,000 MMCF 10,000.1 - 100,000 MMCF > 100,000 MMCF Denver Basin Outline The mapped oil and gas field boundary outlines were created by the Reserves and Production Division, Office of Oil and Gas, Energy Information Administration pursuant to studies required by Section 604 of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act Amendments of 2000 (P.L. 106-469). The boundaries are not informed by subsurface structural information. The data and methods used in their creation are detailed in a report, "Scientific Inventory of Onshore Federal Lands' Oil and Gas Resources and Reserves and the Extent and Nature of Restrictions to Their Development", prepared by the US

46

LOOKOU T U-87 U-70 PEC ONI C COM AN CHE CR EEK U-107 HUGO CLIFF  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

BOE Reserve Class BOE Reserve Class No 2001 reserves 0.1 - 10 MBOE 10.1 - 100 MBOE 100.1 - 1,000 MBOE 1,000.1 - 10,000 MBOE 10,000.1 - 100,000 MBOE > 100,000 MBOE Denver Basin Outline The mapped oil and gas field boundary outlines were created by the Reserves and Production Division, Office of Oil and Gas, Energy Information Administration pursuant to studies required by Section 604 of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act Amendments of 2000 (P.L. 106-469). The boundaries are not informed by subsurface structural information. The data and methods used in their creation are detailed in a report, "Scientific Inventory of Onshore Federal Lands' Oil and Gas Resources and Reserves and the Extent and Nature of Restrictions to Their Development", prepared by the US

47

Evidence of acid-base interactions between amines and model indoor surfaces  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Evidence of acid-base interactions between amines and model indoor surfaces Evidence of acid-base interactions between amines and model indoor surfaces by ATR-FTIR spectroscopy Title Evidence of acid-base interactions between amines and model indoor surfaces by ATR-FTIR spectroscopy Publication Type Journal Article LBNL Report Number LBNL-63480 Year of Publication 2007 Authors Destaillats, Hugo, Brett C. Singer, and Lara A. Gundel Journal Atmospheric Environment Volume 41 Start Page Chapter Pagination 3177-3181 ISBN Number 1352-2310 Keywords acid-base, cellulose, gypsum, nicotine, pyridine, sorption, surface materials Abstract Molecular associations of pyridine with cellulose and gypsum, surrogates for common indoor surface materials, were studied using an attenuated total reflection (ATR)-Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectrophotometric method. The purpose of this study was to gain insight into the molecular interactions of amines with well-characterized materials that affect their partitioning between indoor air and surfaces. The experimental results suggest the presence of at least two sorptive states for volatile and semivolatile amines, attributed to the chemisorbed species and to a more labile surface state (i.e., physisorbed pyridine). Both exhibited spectroscopic signatures corresponding to aromatic C-H stretching modes (2950-3100 cm-1) in the studied spectral region. Chemisorbed pyridine could be identified by the presence of additional IR signals in the N-H and O-H stretching region of the spectrum (2900-3600 cm-1). During desorption under a stream of N2, surface enrichment in the chemisorbed species was evidenced by a slower reduction of the absorbance of the broad band at 2900-3600 cm-1 in relation to the total pyridine absorbance change. This spectroscopic evidence for acid-base interactions between amines and surfaces is consistent with the desorption behavior observed in previous work for nicotine from model surfaces.

48

Sampling artifacts from conductive silicone tubing  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Sampling artifacts from conductive silicone tubing Sampling artifacts from conductive silicone tubing Title Sampling artifacts from conductive silicone tubing Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 2009 Authors Timko, Michael T., Zhenhong Yu, Jesse Kroll, John T. Jayne, Douglas R. Worsnop, Richard C. Miake-Lye, Timothy B. Onasch, David Liscinsky, Thomas W. Kirchstetter, Hugo Destaillats, Amara L. Holder, Jared D. Smith, and Kevin R. Wilson Journal Aerosol Science and Technology Volume 43 Issue 9 Pagination 855-865 Date Published 06/03/2009 Abstract We report evidence that carbon impregnated conductive silicone tubing used in aerosol sampling systems can introduce two types of experimental artifacts: (1) silicon tubing dynamically absorbs carbon dioxide gas, requiring greater than 5 minutes to reach equilibrium and (2) silicone tubing emits organic contaminants containing siloxane that are adsorbed onto particles traveling through it and onto downstream quartz fiber filters. The consequence can be substantial for engine exhaust measurements as both artifacts directly impact calculations of particulate mass-based emission indices. The emission of contaminants from the silicone tubing can result in overestimation of organic particle mass concentrations based on real-time aerosol mass spectrometry and the off-line thermal analysis of quartz filters. The adsorption of siloxane contaminants can affect the surface properties of aerosol particles; we observed a marked reduction in the water-affinity of soot particles passed through conductive silicone tubing. These combined observations suggest that the silicone tubing artifacts may have wide consequence for the aerosol community and the tubing should, therefore, be used with caution. Contamination associated with the use of silicone tubing was observed at ambient temperature and, in some cases, was enhanced by mild heating (<70°C) or pre-exposure to a solvent (methanol). Further evaluation is warranted to quantify systematically how the contamination responds to variations in system temperature, physicochemical particle properties, exposure to solvent, sample contact time, tubing age, and sample flow rates.

49

Innovations in Primary and Secondary Forming  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Feb 17, 2010... Alloy: Amin Maki1; masoud goodarzi1; shahram kheirandish1; Mohamad ali safarkhanian1; 1Iran University of science and technology

50

TY JOUR  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

surfaces and its effect on solar reflectance Part II Development of an accelerated aging method for roofing materials JF Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells A1 Mohamad...

51

XIII REPSOLYPF-HARVARD SEMINAR SALAMANCA, SPAIN  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, are inefficient, such as Mexico's Pemex and, now, Venezuela's PDVSA following President Hugo Chavez's coming

Deutch, John

52

Indoor Secondary Pollutants from Household Product Emissions in the  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Indoor Secondary Pollutants from Household Product Emissions in the Indoor Secondary Pollutants from Household Product Emissions in the Presence of Ozone: A Bench-Scale Chamber Study Title Indoor Secondary Pollutants from Household Product Emissions in the Presence of Ozone: A Bench-Scale Chamber Study Publication Type Journal Article LBNL Report Number LBNL-58785 Year of Publication 2006 Authors Destaillats, Hugo, Melissa M. Lunden, Brett C. Singer, Beverly K. Coleman, Alfred T. Hodgson, Charles J. Weschler, and William W. Nazaroff Journal Environmental Science and Technology Volume 40 Start Page Chapter Pagination 4421-4428 Abstract Ozone-driven chemistry is a major source of indoor secondary pollutants of health concern. This study investigates secondary air pollutants formed from reactions between constituents of household products and ozone. Gas-phase product emissions were introduced along with ozone at constant rates into a 198-L Teflon-lined reaction chamber. Gas-phase concentrations of reactive terpenoids and oxidation products were measured. Formaldehyde was a predominant oxidation byproduct for the three studied products, with yields under most conditions of 20-30% with respect to ozone consumed. Acetaldehyde, acetone, glycolaldehyde, formic acid and acetic acid were each also detected for two or three of the products. Immediately upon mixing of reactants, a scanning mobility particle sizer detected particle nucleation events that were followed by a significant degree of ultrafine particle growth. The production of secondary gaseous pollutants and particles depended primarily on the ozone level and was influenced by other parameters such as the air-exchange rate. Hydroxyl radical concentrations in the range 0.04-200 × 105 molecules cm-3 were measured. OH concentrations were observed to vary strongly with residual ozone level in the chamber, which was in the range 1 - 25 ppb, as is consistent with expectations from a simplified kinetic model. In a separate test, we exposed the dry residue of two products to ozone in the chamber and observed the formation of gas-phase and particle-phase secondary oxidation products

53

Radiation field modeling and optimization of a compact and modular  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Radiation field modeling and optimization of a compact and modular Radiation field modeling and optimization of a compact and modular multi-plate photocatalytic reactor (MPPR) for air/water purification by Monte Carlo method Title Radiation field modeling and optimization of a compact and modular multi-plate photocatalytic reactor (MPPR) for air/water purification by Monte Carlo method Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 2013 Authors Zazueta, Ana Luisa Loo, Hugo Destaillats, and Gianluca Li Puma Journal Chemical Engineering Journal Volume 217 Pagination 475-485 Date Published 02/01/2013 Abstract The radiation field in a multi-plate photocatalytic reactor (MPPR) for air or water purification was modeled and optimized using a Monte Carlo stochastic method. The MPPR consists of parallel photocatalytic plates irradiated by cylindrical UV lamps orthogonal to the plates. The photocatalyst titanium dioxide (TiO2) is supported on the plates as a thin film. The photoreactor design is compact and offers a large irradiated photocatalytic surface area, a high degree of photon utilization, low pressure drop and a modular design which can facilitate scale-up. These features are desirable for the decontamination of indoor air in ventilation ducts or for water detoxification. The Monte Carlo method was applied to determine three dimensionless reactor performance parameters: the photon absorption efficiency (Φ), the uniformity of the distribution of the dimensionless radiation intensity (η) and the overall photonic efficiency (Φ). The emission of photons from the light sources was simulated by the extensive source with superficial emission (ESSE) model. Simulations were performed by varying the catalyst reflectivity albedo, the number and the diameter of lamps, and the dimensions and spacing of the photocatalytic plates. Optimal design for a basic reactor module with one lamp was accomplished for lamp-diameter-to-plate-height ratio (β) of 0.7, while the plate-spacing-to-plate-height ratio (α) was correlated by [αoptimum = 0.191 β2 - 0.5597 β + 0.3854]. A multilamp arrangement leads to a feasible increase in the size and number of the plates and the irradiated photocatalytic surface area. The optimum design was validated by measuring the apparent quantum yield of the oxidation of toluene (7 ppmv) in a humidified air stream using immobilized TiO2 (Degussa P25). Experiments performed varying the geometrical parameter α correlated well with the model calculations, with maximum apparent quantum yield for α = 0.137. The results are directly transferable to the treatment of water by photocatalysis.

54

Sorption, desorption, and surface oxidative fate of nicotine  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Sorption, desorption, and surface oxidative fate of nicotine Sorption, desorption, and surface oxidative fate of nicotine Title Sorption, desorption, and surface oxidative fate of nicotine Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 2010 Authors Petrick, Lauren M., Hugo Destaillats, I. Zouev, S. Sabach, and Yael Dubowski Journal Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. Volume 12 Issue 35 Pagination 10356-64 Date Published 09/21/2010 Abstract Nicotine dynamics in an indoor environment can be greatly affected by building parameters (e.g. relative humidity (RH), air exchange rate (AER), and presence of ozone), as well as surface parameters (e.g. surface area (SA) and polarity). To better understand the indoor fate of nicotine, these parameter effects on its sorption, desorption, and oxidation rates were investigated on model indoor surfaces that included fabrics, wallboard paper, and wood materials. Nicotine sorption under dry conditions was enhanced by higher SA and higher polarity of the substrate. Interestingly, nicotine sorption to cotton and nylon was facilitated by increased RH, while sorption to polyester was hindered by it. Desorption was affected by RH, AER, and surface type. Heterogeneous nicotine-ozone reaction was investigated by Fourier transform infrared spectrometry with attenuated total reflection (FTIR-ATR), and revealed a pseudo first-order surface reaction rate of 0.035 +/- 0.015 min(-1) (at [O(3)] = 6 +/- 0.3 x 10(15) molecules cm(-3)) that was partially inhibited at high RH. Extrapolation to a lower ozone level ([O(3)] = 42 ppb) showed oxidation on the order of 10(-5) min(-1) corresponding to a half-life of 1 week. In addition, similar surface products were identified in dry and high RH using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). However, FTIR analysis revealed different product spectra for these conditions, suggesting additional unidentified products and association with surface water. Knowing the indoor fate of condensed and gas phase nicotine and its oxidation products will provide a better understanding of nicotine's impact on personal exposures as well as overall indoor air quality.

55

222000000999 VVViiirrrgggiiinnniiiaaa 444HHH CCCaaammmpppiiinnnggg EEEvvvaaallluuuaaatttiiiooonnn  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.) Xchanging Image (s.). Corporate Communications, erschienen im plexus Verlag (Frankfurt, Miltenberg), 2002 Verlag (Frankfurt, Miltenberg), 2003. GODSCHALK, Hugo, SCHULZ, Dipl.-Kfm., Dipl.-VW., Stefan Business

Liskiewicz, Maciej

56

NIST Image Gallery: Image Details  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Credit Line as it should appear in print: Credit: Hugo Infante/Government of Chile. AV Number: 12DO043. Date Created: Unknown. ...

57

Investigation of IAQ-Relevant Surface Chemistry and Emissions on HVAC Filter Materials  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

VOCs emitted by reactions of HVAC filters with ozone usingChemistry and Emissions on HVAC Filter Materials HugoChemistry and Emissions on HVAC Filter Materials Authors:

Destaillats, Hugo

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

Emigration and the Foundation of West Germany, 1933-1963  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Preuss, Hugo. Das deutsche Volk und die Politik. Jena: E.1934. ———. Staat, Bewegung, Volk. Die Dreigliederung derof his book Das deutsche Volk und die Politik (1915).

Strote, Noah Benezra

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Political risks focus attention on supply of Venezuelan oil to the ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Uncertainty about the health of Hugo Chávez, Venezuela's president, has raised interest in understanding Venezuela's contribution to U.S. oil supply.

60

Revolutionary Urbanism: The Struggle for the Streets of Caracas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Capitalismo. Caracas, Venezuela: Ediciones de la BibliotecaPolitical Conflict in Venezuela, in: Bulletin of LatinHugo. 2004. Chávez : Venezuela and the New Latin America.

Rojas, Carmen

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mohamad hugo destaillats" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Universidad Simn Bolvar Direccin de Ingeniera de Informacin  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Garay 07-40618 Anette Balbi Correa 07-40629 Joneisis I Barrientos Muñoz 07-40648 Victor Hugo Benites

Vásquez, Carlos

62

201 AP880304-0164 -1 NASA owes the National Research ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... 205 AP890919-0002 -1 Weather officials in the Bahamas feared Hugo ... AP890628-0216 - Human Exploration of the Solar System in the ...

63

Vol. 29 (1998) ACTA PHYSICA POLONICA B No 12 NEUTRON STARS: FORMATION AND STRUCTURE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Slow neutron detection without 3He: far ultraviolet noble-gas-excimer radiation induced by neutron McComb,3 Amy Beasten,3 Mohamad I. Al-Sheikhly3 and Charles W. Clark1,2,4 1 Institute for Physical (NIST) 3 Nuclear Engineering Program, UMD 4 Joint Quantum Institute, NIST and UMD Slow neutron detection

Magiera, Andrzej

64

O¡ T¤¦ LIMITI¡G PROP¦RTI¦S OF T¤¦ AFFI¡¦-SCALI¡G DIR¦CTIO¡S ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Aug 5, 2003 ... O¡ T¤¦ LIMITI¡G PROP¦RTI¦S. OF T¤¦. AFFI¡¦-SCALI¡G DIR¦CTIO¡S. Hugo J. Lara *. Clovis C. Gonzagap. Levent Tunçcel„. Research Report: ...

65

WARREN BUCKLER POWELL BIRTH DATE: April 11, 1955 HOME: 328 Christopher Drive  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

College of Trusts & Estates American Bar Association Jose R. Arriola Hugo L. Black, Jr. Exxon. Shohat Karen Kay Siegel Jeffrey P. Wasserman Ernst G. Wintter David Alexander Wolfson CLASS OF 1973

Powell, Warren B.

66

9 The SOURCE June 1996  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

APS facility. Left to right are: D. Mark Sutton (APSUOMcGill University), Ernest J. Moniz (Office of Science and Technology Policy, Executive Office of the President), Hugo F....

67

State and Power after Neoliberalism in Bolivarian Venezuela  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Gobierno Bolivariano de Venezuela. ———. 2005. Understandingp. 3–15. ———. 2007b. Venezuela: Hugo Chávez and the DeclineA Closed Bridge Mirrors Venezuela’s Many Woes. ” The New

Kingsbury, Donald V.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Transformative Possibilities in Latin America  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Gregory Wilpert, ‘Chávez Af?rms Venezuela is Heading Towardsinclude: Hugo Chávez in Venezuela (1998); Lula and the PT inrebellion? On the other hand, Venezuela is leading a radical

Robinson, William I.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

The Environmental Influence on Tropical Cyclone Precipitation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The intensity, spatial, and temporal changes in precipitation were examined in three North Atlantic hurricanes during 1989 (Dean, Gabrielle, and Hugo) using precipitation estimates made from Special Sensor Microwave/Imager (SSM/I) measurements. ...

Edward B. Rodgers; Jong-Jin Baik; Harold F. Pierce

1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Creating Friendly Indoor Environments for the Asthma Child: Submicron...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

for the Asthma Child: Submicron Capture and Energy Efficiency Speaker(s): Drew Wood Date: January 24, 2007 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3075 Seminar HostPoint of Contact: Hugo...

71

www.mnltap.umn.edu The trusted resource for Minnesota's local transportation agencies Fall 2008 Vol. 16, No. 4 EMERGENCY RESPONSE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. 16, No. 4 EMERGENCY RESPONSE LTAP role in response ..........................2 LRRB UPDATE OPERA.E. Minneapolis, MN 55455-0375 NONPROFIT ORG. U.S. POSTAGE PAID MPLS. MN PERMIT NO. 155 When a natural disaster way to handle an unthink- able event is preparedness. The disaster preparedness plan in Hugo

Minnesota, University of

72

Migration of seismicity and earthquake interactions monitored by GPS in SE Asia triple junction: Sulawesi, Indonesia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

: Sulawesi, Indonesia Christophe Vigny,1 Hugo Perfettini,1,2 Andrea Walpersdorf,1,2 Anne Lemoine,1 Wim Simons] Global Positioning System (GPS) measurements made in Sulawesi, Indonesia, from 1992 to 1999 detected, fault, fluids, seismotectonics, earthquake, Indonesia 1. Introduction [2] The Eurasian, Philippine Sea

Vigny, Christophe

73

Migration of seismicity and earthquake interactions monitored by GPS in SE Asia triple junction: Sulawesi, Indonesia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

: Sulawesi, Indonesia Christophe Vigny,1 Hugo Perfettini,1,2 Andrea Walpersdorf,1,2 Anne Lemoine1 Wim Simons] Global Positioning System (GPS) measurements made in Sulawesi, Indonesia, from 1992 to 1999 detected, fault, fluids, seismotectonics, earthquake, Indonesia Citation: Vigny, C., et al., Migration

McCaffrey, Robert

74

The ribosomal protein genes and Minuteloci of Drosophila melanogaster  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

necessary, D. mela- nogaster genes were named or renamed according to the standard metazoan RP gene nomenclature proposed by Wool and colleagues [5,58,59] and approved by the HUGO Gene Nomenclature Committee [18], whilst still conforming to Fly- Base [60...

Marygold, Steven J; Roote, John; Reuter, Gunter; Lambertsson, Andrew; Ashburner, Michael; Millburn, Gillian; Harrison, Paul; Yu, Zhan; Kenmochi, Naoya; Kaufman, Thomas C; Leevers, Sally J; Cook, Kevin R

2007-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

75

Manuscript to be submitted to Atmos. Environ.  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Secondary pollutants from ozone Secondary pollutants from ozone reactions with ventilation filters and degradation of filter media additives H. Destaillats, W. Chen, M.G. Apte, N. Li, M. Spears, J. Almosni, G. Brunner, J. Zhang, W.J. Fisk Environmental Energy Technologies Division March 2011 Disclaimer This document was prepared as an account of work sponsored by the United States Government. While this document is believed to contain correct information, neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor The Regents of the University of California, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process

76

Publications  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

8 results: 8 results: BibTex RIS RTF XML Sort by: Author Title Type [ Year (Desc) ] Filters: Author is George Ban-Weiss [Clear All Filters] 2013 Ly, Peter, George Ban-Weiss, Nathan Finch, Craig Wray, Mark de Ogburn, William W. Delp, Hashem Akbari, Scott Smaby, Ronnen Levinson, and Bret Gean. Building integrated photovoltaic (BIPV) roofs for sustainability and energy efficiency. Naval Facilities Engineering Command - Engineering and Expeditionary Warfare Center, 2013. Ban-Weiss, George, Craig P. Wray, William W. Delp, Peter Ly, Hashem Akbari, and Ronnen M. Levinson. "Electricity production and cooling energy savings from installation of a building-integrated photovoltaic roof on an office building." Energy and Buildings 56 (2013): 210-220. 2011 Sleiman, Mohamad, George Ban-Weiss, Haley E. Gilbert, David François, Paul

77

Advanced Search  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Publications Publications Advanced Search Most publications by Environmental Energy Technologies Division authors are searchable from this page, including peer-reviewed publications, book chapters, conference proceedings and LBNL reports. Filter Advanced Search Publications list This publications database is an ongoing project, and not all Division publications are represented here yet. For additional help see the bottom of this page. Documents Found: 4418 Title Keyword LBNL Number Author - Any - Abadie, Marc O Abbey, Chad Abdolrazaghi, Mohamad Aberg, Annika Abhyankar, Nikit Abraham, Marvin M Abshire, James B Abushakra, Bass Acevedo-Ruiz, Manuel Aceves, Salvador Ache, Hans J Ackerly, David D Ackerman, Andrew S Adamkiewicz, Gary Adams, J W Adams, Carl Adamson, Bo Addy, Nathan Addy, Susan E Aden, Nathaniel T Adesola, Bunmi Adhikari,

78

Publications  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Publications Publications Publications Most publications by Environmental Energy Technologies Division authors are searchable from this page, including peer-reviewed publications, book chapters, conference proceedings and LBNL reports. Filter Advanced Search Publications list This publications database is an ongoing project, and not all Division publications are represented here yet. For additional help see the bottom of this page. Show only items where Author Type Term Year Keyword is Abadie, Marc O Abbey, Chad Abdolrazaghi, Mohamad Aberg, Annika Abhyankar, Nikit Abraham, Marvin M Abshire, James B Abushakra, Bass Acevedo-Ruiz, Manuel Aceves, Salvador Ache, Hans J Ackerly, David D Ackerman, Andrew S Adamkiewicz, Gary Adams, Carl Adams, J W Adamson, Bo Addy, Susan E Addy, Nathan Aden, Nathaniel T Adesola, Bunmi Adhikari, Sarina Adilov, Nodir

79

Browse by Discipline -- E-print Network Subject Pathways: Geosciences --  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

O P Q R S O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z Narevicius, Edvardas (Edvardas Narevicius) - Department of Chemical Physics, Weizmann Institute of Science Nazar, Linda F. (Linda F. Nazar) - Department of Chemistry, University of Waterloo Nazarenko, Alexander (Alexander Nazarenko) - Department of Chemistry, Buffalo State College Nelsen, Steve (Steve Nelsen) - Department of Chemistry, University of Wisconsin at Madison Nelson, Peter Hugo (Peter Hugo Nelson) - Physical Sciences, Benedictine University Nelson, Scott (Scott Nelson) - Department of Chemistry, University of Pittsburgh Nerukh, Dmitry (Dmitry Nerukh) - Non-linearity and Complexity Research Group (NCRG), Aston University Nesnas, Nasri (Nasri Nesnas) - Department of Chemistry, Florida Institute of Technology Neumark, Daniel M. (Daniel M. Neumark) - Lawrence Berkeley National

80

Slide 1  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Advanced Human-System Interfaces Advanced Human-System Interfaces Jacques Hugo Idaho National Laboratory May 21-22, 2013 2 Project Overview  Goal and Objectives 1. Investigate the state-of-the-art of HSI technologies, with the emphasis on their ability to provide error-tolerant and resilient operation, a superior degree of task performance, and user satisfaction with such systems. 2. Define measures of the efficiency, effectiveness, safety and reliability with which specific users can perform specific tasks in specific contexts with identified technologies. (ISO 9241-11 - Guidance on Usability) 3. Develop guidance for HSI technology selection and deployment in all nuclear application domains.  Participants INL project team: Jacques Hugo, David Gertman, Jeffrey Joe, Katya le

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mohamad hugo destaillats" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Berkeley Lab Sheds Light on Improving Solar Cell Efficiency  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Typical manufacturing methods produce solar cells with an efficiency of 12-15%; and 14% efficiency is the bare minimum for achieving a profit. In work performed at the Ernest Orlando Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley, CA, 5 10-486-577 1)--a US Department of Energy national laboratory that conducts unclassified scientific research and is managed by the University of California--scientist Scott McHugo has obtained keen insights into the impaired performance of solar cells manufactured from polycrystalline silicon. The solar cell market is potentially vast, according to Berkeley Lab. Lightweight solar panels are highly beneficial for providing electrical power to remote locations in developing nations, since there is no need to build transmission lines or truck-in generator fuel. Moreover, industrial nations confronted with diminishing resources have active programs aimed at producing improved, less expensive solar cells. 'In a solar cell, there is a junction between p-type silicon and an n-type layer, such as diffused-in phosphorous', explained McHugo, who is now with Berkeley Lab's Accelerator and Fusion Research Division. 'When sunlight is absorbed, it frees electrons, which start migrating in a random-walk fashion toward that junction. If the electrons make it to the junction; they contribute to the cell's output of electric current. Often, however, before they reach the junction, they recombine at specific sites in the crystal' (and, therefore, cannot contribute to current output). McHugo scrutinized a map of a silicon wafer in which sites of high recombination appeared as dark regions. Previously, researchers had shown that such phenomena occurred not primarily at grain boundaries in the polycrystalline material, as might be expected, but more often at dislocations in the crystal. However, the dislocations themselves were not the problem. Using a unique heat treatment technique, McHugo performed electrical measurements to investigate the material at the dislocations. He was purportedly the first to show that they were 'decorated' with iron.

Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

2007-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

82

Publications  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

5 results: 5 results: BibTex RIS RTF XML Sort by: Author Title Type [ Year (Desc) ] Filters: Author is Chiu, Albert K. [Clear All Filters] 2012 Kiliccote, Sila, Phillip N. Price, Mary Ann Piette, Geoffrey C. Bell, Steve Pierson, Edward Koch, Jeremy Carnam, Hugo Pedro, John Hernandez, and Albert K. Chiu. Field Testing of Automated Demand Response for Integration of Renewable Resources in California's Ancillary Services Market for Regulation Products. LBNL, 2012. 2011 Page, Janie, Sila Kiliccote, Junqiao Han Dudley, Mary Ann Piette, Albert K. Chiu, Bashar Kellow, Edward Koch, and Paul Lipkin. Automated Demand Response Technology Demonstration Project for Small and Medium Commercial Buildings. CEC/LBNL, 2011. 2009 Kiliccote, Sila, Mary Ann Piette, Girish Ghatikar, Edward Koch, Dan

83

Publications  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

55 results: 55 results: BibTex RIS RTF XML Sort by: Author Title Type [ Year (Desc) ] Filters: Author is Phillip N. Price [Clear All Filters] 2012 Hult, Erin L., Darryl J. Dickerhoff, and Phillip N. Price. Measurement Methods to Determine Air Leakage Between Adjacent Zones., 2012. Singer, Brett C., William W. Delp, Michael G. Apte, and Phillip N. Price. "Performance of Installed Cooking Exhaust Devices." Indoor Air 22, no. 3 (2012): 224-234. Kiliccote, Sila, Phillip N. Price, Mary Ann Piette, Geoffrey C. Bell, Steve Pierson, Edward Koch, Jeremy Carnam, Hugo Pedro, John Hernandez, and Albert K. Chiu. Field Testing of Automated Demand Response for Integration of Renewable Resources in California's Ancillary Services Market for Regulation Products. LBNL, 2012. 2011

84

Microsoft Word - IRR Report final.docx  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

6E 6E Field Testing of Automated Demand Response for Integration of Renewable Resources in California's Ancillary Services Market for Regulation Products Sila Kiliccote, Phil Price, Mary Ann Piette, Geoffrey Bell Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Steve Pierson & Edward Koch Akuacom/Honeywell Jeremy Carnam & Hugo Pedro SolAspect & UC Merced/UC San Diego John Hernandez & Albert Chiu Pacific Gas and Electric Company April 2012 DISCLAIMER This document was prepared as an account of work sponsored by the United States Government. W hile t his d ocument i s b elieved t o c ontain c orrect i nformation, n either t he U nited States Government nor any agency thereof, nor The Regents of the University of California, nor any of their employees,

85

Final_Tech_Session_Schedule_and_Location.xls  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

FOURTH ANNUAL CONFERENCE ON CARBON CAPTURE AND SEQUESTRATION DOE/NETL FOURTH ANNUAL CONFERENCE ON CARBON CAPTURE AND SEQUESTRATION DOE/NETL 1-9 MAY 2-5, 2005 A NON-INVASIVE METHOD OF DETECTING CARBON IN SOIL: COMPARISON WITH SOIL CORES AND EXCAVATIONS Lucian Wielopolski, Sudeep Mitra, Kurt Johnsen, Felipe Sanchez, Allen Torbert, Steve Prior, Hugo Rogers, Jim Ma, George Hendrey, and Ram Oren Lucian Wielopolski, Ph.D., Brookhaven National Laboratory, Environmental Sciences Department, Bldg. 490, Upton NY 11973, Tel: (631) 344 3656, Fax: (631) 344 7244, E-mail: lwielo@bnl.gov Sudeep Mitra, Ph.D., Brookhaven National Laboratory, Environmental Sciences Department, Bldg. 490, Upton NY 11973, Tel: (631) 344 6377, Fax: (631) 344 7244, E-mail: smitra@bnl.gov Kurt Johnsen Ph.D., USDA Forest Service Southern Research Station, Biological Foundations of

86

Emissions, Monitoring, and Control of Mercury from Subbituminous Coal-Fired Power Plants - Phase II  

SciTech Connect

Western Research Institute (WRI), in conjunction with Western Farmers Electric Cooperative (WFEC), has teamed with Clean Air Engineering of Pittsburgh PA to conduct a mercury monitoring program at the WEFC Hugo plant in Oklahoma. Sponsored by US Department of Energy Cooperative Agreement DE-FC-26-98FT40323, the program included the following members of the Subbituminous Energy Coalition (SEC) as co-sponsors: Missouri Basin Power Project; DTE Energy; Entergy; Grand River Dam Authority; and Nebraska Public Power District. This research effort had five objectives: (1) determine the mass balance of mercury for subbituminous coal-fired power plant; (2) assess the distribution of mercury species in the flue gas (3) perform a comparison of three different Hg test methods; (4) investigate the long-term (six months) mercury variability at a subbituminous coal-fired power plant; and (5) assess operation and maintenance of the Method 324 and Horiba CEMS utilizing plant personnel.

Alan Bland; Jesse Newcomer; Allen Kephart; Volker Schmidt; Gerald Butcher

2008-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

87

Are Returns to Education on the Decline in Venezuela and Does Mission Sucre Have a Role to Play?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Anecdotal evidence points to a falling standard of living for the educated in Venezuela. During this same period, President Hugo Chávez implemented several education reforms. We focus on a major university education reform known as Mission Sucre and its potential impact on returns to university education. First, we show that returns to education decreased significantly in Venezuela from 2002 to 2008. Subsequently, we explore the impact of the program on nonprogram participants and provide evidence that a substantial part of the falling returns at the tertiary level can be linked to Mission Sucre. Our results suggest that the reform created a negative externality on students who did not participate in the program, leading to a 2.7 percentage point decline in returns to university education for non-Mission Sucre students in the 23-28 age cohort.

Naihobe Gonzalez; Ruth Uwaifo Oyelere

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Photovoltaic application for disaster relief  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Hurricanes, floods, tornados, and earthquakes are natural disasters that can happen at any time destroying homes, businesses, and natural surroundings. One such disaster, Hurricane Andrew, devastated South Florida leaving several hundred-thousand people homeless. Many people were without electrical service, functioning water and sewage systems, communications, and medical services for days, even weeks in the aftermath of the storm. Emergency management teams, the military, and countless public and private organizations staged a massive relief effort. Dependency on electrical utility power became a pronounced problem as emergency services were rendered to survivors and the rebuilding process started. Many of the energy needs of emergency management organizations, relief workers, and the general public can be satisfied with solar electric energy systems. Photovoltaic (PV) power generated from solar energy is quiet, safe, inexhaustible and pollution-free. Previously, photovoltaics have supplied emergency power for Hurricanes Hugo and Andrew, and the earthquake at Northridge in Southern California. This document focuses on photovoltaic technology and its application to disaster relief efforts.

Young, W.R. Jr.

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Latin American Political Trends and their Impact on the Future of U.S.-Latin American Relations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recent political trends in Latin America have led to the election of a number of leftist presidents throughout the region. Some, such as Venezuela's Hugo Chavez and Ecuador's Rafael Correa, profess goals centered to varying degrees in socialism and independence from United States influence. Historically speaking, the United States has never been hesitant to aggressively ensure that Latin American political developments are favorable to US interests. This thesis seeks to predict how US foreign policy toward Latin America will likely change within the next decade or so in response to the region's political developments. To do so, the nature and background of those developments must be understood; Ecuador and Venezuela are utilized as in-depth case studies for this purpose, and illustrate the heterogeneity within Latin America?s move to the left. Bueno de Mesquita?s predictive model is then used to examine the interaction between each of the case studies and the US on two specific issues: the growth of Iranian influence in Latin America and the future of the Bolivarian Alternative for the Americas (ALBA).

Davis, Andrew Milton

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Three Blind Men and the Elephant  

SciTech Connect

Just like the blind men in the popular story of perceiving the elephant, the three major constituencies participating in the energy debate have greatly different perceptions of the problem. The constituency that is worried about climate change believes the energy problem is caused by profligate use of fossil fuel that has dramatically changed our atmosphere. The energy security group sees dangerous reliance on foreign sources of oil increasingly held by countries hostile to the US. The economic vitality group sees high energy prices and their effect on the economy and our life-style. Just like the blind men, each of the three constituencies perceives a different problem. And just as with the blind men, while each perspective is right as a piece of the elephant, it takes all the perspectives together to actually solve the problem. Environmentalists focus on solutions responding to the scientific consensus that greenhouse gases are creating rapid climate change. The tipping point has come: it is now a consensus position among scientists the global warming is being affected by anthropogenic activity to 90% certainty according to the last IPCC report. Although they still struggle with the prediction of how much global temperatures will rise if we do nothing--is it 5 deg or 10 under BAU? This group believes that we cannot afford to take a chance because we get only one chance. We can not afford to do this kind of experiment with the Earth. Any choice which decreases our CO{sub 2} footprint is favored, even if it means a decrease in standard of living. The energy security constituency sees the geo-politics of oil becoming increasingly dire. They look at oil money being used to fund anti-American activities of groups such as the Wahabis in Saudi Arabia, Hezbollah in Lebanon and the infamous Al Qaeda. They quip that the Iraq war is the first war where we are paying for both sides. They note Iran and the Shia throughout the Middle East seeing the possibility of controlling 2/3 of the world's oil. They see oil and gas being used by Russia to exert political power using the gas tap and Hugo Chavez in Venezuela clearly anti-American and now a virtual dictator who controls 15% of our oil imports. Conflicts in Nigeria over oil wealth and corruption affected our oil supply. Countries such as China are at best unwilling to join political action against countries such as Sudan that supply them oil, and at worst, selling them arms in order to cement their relationships with respect to importing oil. This security constituency favors ending our vulnerability by ending our ''addiction to foreign oil''. This group thinks that there is no domestic source of energy that is bad. They will be happy to see our corn turned into ethanol; our coal turned into liquid fuel for transportation. No matter that the price of tortillas doubles in Mexico, we expand corn farming at the expense of the environment, our tanks and pipes in gas stations corrode and leak, or we make liquid fuel from coal, thus increasing the carbon footprint by 30% per unit of energy. The economic vitality group sees increasing international demand for oil occurring simultaneously with a peaking supply of light sweet crude. They see an oil market where higher prices drive more production of oil which is heavier and more sour (supply follows demand). However, fast growth in world-wide demand increases even faster and prices will go up. For example, China adds 10,000 cars per month, and there is an uncanny correlation between the price of oil and the amount of oil imported by China. The security contingent also worries about reliability of supply as affected by pipeline leaks in Alaska or hurricanes or potential terrorism. This constituency thinks the problem is one of capacity and favors solutions that will increase oil production, reservoirs, pipelines and refineries. They believe that the energy system will be determined by the market and want solutions that favor investment in capacity. What the environmentalists don't seem to get is climate change b

Long, J S

2007-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

91

Three Blind Men and the Elephant  

SciTech Connect

Just like the blind men in the popular story of perceiving the elephant, the three major constituencies participating in the energy debate have greatly different perceptions of the problem. The constituency that is worried about climate change believes the energy problem is caused by profligate use of fossil fuel that has dramatically changed our atmosphere. The energy security group sees dangerous reliance on foreign sources of oil increasingly held by countries hostile to the US. The economic vitality group sees high energy prices and their effect on the economy and our life-style. Just like the blind men, each of the three constituencies perceives a different problem. And just as with the blind men, while each perspective is right as a piece of the elephant, it takes all the perspectives together to actually solve the problem. Environmentalists focus on solutions responding to the scientific consensus that greenhouse gases are creating rapid climate change. The tipping point has come: it is now a consensus position among scientists the global warming is being affected by anthropogenic activity to 90% certainty according to the last IPCC report. Although they still struggle with the prediction of how much global temperatures will rise if we do nothing--is it 5 deg or 10 under BAU? This group believes that we cannot afford to take a chance because we get only one chance. We can not afford to do this kind of experiment with the Earth. Any choice which decreases our CO{sub 2} footprint is favored, even if it means a decrease in standard of living. The energy security constituency sees the geo-politics of oil becoming increasingly dire. They look at oil money being used to fund anti-American activities of groups such as the Wahabis in Saudi Arabia, Hezbollah in Lebanon and the infamous Al Qaeda. They quip that the Iraq war is the first war where we are paying for both sides. They note Iran and the Shia throughout the Middle East seeing the possibility of controlling 2/3 of the world's oil. They see oil and gas being used by Russia to exert political power using the gas tap and Hugo Chavez in Venezuela clearly anti-American and now a virtual dictator who controls 15% of our oil imports. Conflicts in Nigeria over oil wealth and corruption affected our oil supply. Countries such as China are at best unwilling to join political action against countries such as Sudan that supply them oil, and at worst, selling them arms in order to cement their relationships with respect to importing oil. This security constituency favors ending our vulnerability by ending our ''addiction to foreign oil''. This group thinks that there is no domestic source of energy that is bad. They will be happy to see our corn turned into ethanol; our coal turned into liquid fuel for transportation. No matter that the price of tortillas doubles in Mexico, we expand corn farming at the expense of the environment, our tanks and pipes in gas stations corrode and leak, or we make liquid fuel from coal, thus increasing the carbon footprint by 30% per unit of energy. The economic vitality group sees increasing international demand for oil occurring simultaneously with a peaking supply of light sweet crude. They see an oil market where higher prices drive more production of oil which is heavier and more sour (supply follows demand). However, fast growth in world-wide demand increases even faster and prices will go up. For example, China adds 10,000 cars per month, and there is an uncanny correlation between the price of oil and the amount of oil imported by China. The security contingent also worries about reliability of supply as affected by pipeline leaks in Alaska or hurricanes or potential terrorism. This constituency thinks the problem is one of capacity and favors solutions that will increase oil production, reservoirs, pipelines and refineries. They believe that the energy system will be determined by the market and want solutions that favor investment in capacity. What the environmentalists don't seem to get is climate change by itself will fail to gather b

Long, J S

2007-02-13T23:59:59.000Z