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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "module-integrated power converters" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Integrated Solar Power Converters: Wafer-Level Sub-Module Integrated DC/DC Converter  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Solar ADEPT Project: CU-Boulder is developing advanced power conversion components that can be integrated into individual solar panels to improve energy yields. The solar energy that is absorbed and collected by a solar panel is converted into useable energy for the grid through an electronic component called an inverter. Many large, conventional solar energy systems use one, central inverter to convert energy. CU-Boulder is integrating smaller, microinverters into individual solar panels to improve the efficiency of energy collection. The University’s microinverters rely on electrical components that direct energy at high speeds and ensure that minimal energy is lost during the conversion process—improving the overall efficiency of the power conversion process. CU-Boulder is designing its power conversion devices for use on any type of solar panel.

None

2012-02-09T23:59:59.000Z

2

Interleaved power converter  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A power converter architecture interleaves full bridge converters to alleviate thermal management problems in high current applications, and may, for example, double the output power capability while reducing parts count and costs. For example, one phase of a three phase inverter is shared between two transformers, which provide power to a rectifier such as a current doubler rectifier to provide two full bridge DC/DC converters with three rather than four high voltage inverter legs.

Zhu, Lizhi (Canton, MI)

2007-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

3

Self-powered microthermionic converter  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A self-powered microthermionic converter having an internal thermal power source integrated into the microthermionic converter. These converters can have high energy-conversion efficiencies over a range of operating temperatures. Microengineering techniques are used to manufacture the converter. The utilization of an internal thermal power source increases potential for mobility and incorporation into small devices. High energy efficiency is obtained by utilization of micron-scale interelectrode gap spacing. Alpha-particle emitting radioisotopes can be used for the internal thermal power source, such as curium and polonium isotopes.

Marshall, Albert C.; King, Donald B.; Zavadil, Kevin R.; Kravitz, Stanley H.; Tigges, Chris P.; Vawter, Gregory A.

2004-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

4

Automated Synthesis Tool for Design Optimization of Power Electronic Converters  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

module-integrated photovoltaic inverter is also optimized for efficiency, volume and reliability. An actual converter is constructed using commercial off-the-shelf components. The converter design is chosen as close as possible to a point obtained...

Mirjafari, Mehran

2013-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

5

Power converters for parabolic dishes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The development status of receivers and power conversion units to be used with parabolic dish concentrators is presented. Applications are identified, and the key role played by the power converter element of the collector module is emphasized. The electrical output of the 11-meter-diameter dish modules which are being developed varies up to a maximum of about 25 kilowatts, depending on the thermodynamic cycle of the power converter. Three power conversion units are being developed: an organic Rankine, an air Brayton, and a Stirling. The development program for the receivers and the power conversion units is described in detail.

Truscello, V.C.; Williams, A.N.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

Power converter connection configuration  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

EMI shielding is provided for power electronics circuits and the like via a direct-mount reference plane support and shielding structure. The thermal support may receive one or more power electronic circuits. The support may aid in removing heat from the circuits through fluid circulating through the support. The support forms a shield from both external EMI/RFI and from interference generated by operation of the power electronic circuits. Features may be provided to permit and enhance connection of the circuitry to external circuitry, such as improved terminal configurations. Modular units may be assembled that may be coupled to electronic circuitry via plug-in arrangements or through interface with a backplane or similar mounting and interconnecting structures.

Beihoff, Bruce C. (Wauwatosa, WI); Kehl, Dennis L. (Milwaukee, WI); Gettelfinger, Lee A. (Brown Deer, WI); Kaishian, Steven C. (Milwaukee, WI); Phillips, Mark G. (Brookfield, WI); Radosevich, Lawrence D. (Muskego, WI)

2008-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

7

Converting a Motorcycle to Electric Power  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Research was conducted to determine how simple and practical it would be to convert a standard gasoline powered motorcycle to electric power. The research involved background investigation of useful concepts in electric powered motorcycles...

Simcoe, Christopher M.

2009-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

8

Isolated and soft-switched power converter  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An isolated and soft-switched power converter is used for DC/DC and DC/DC/AC power conversion. The power converter includes two resonant tank circuits coupled back-to-back through an isolation transformer. Each resonant tank circuit includes a pair of resonant capacitors connected in series as a resonant leg, a pair of tank capacitors connected in series as a tank leg, and a pair of switching devices with anti-parallel clamping diodes coupled in series as resonant switches and clamping devices for the resonant leg. The power converter is well suited for DC/DC and DC/DC/AC power conversion applications in which high-voltage isolation, DC to DC voltage boost, bidirectional power flow, and a minimal number of conventional switching components are important design objectives. For example, the power converter is especially well suited to electric vehicle applications and load-side electric generation and storage systems, and other applications in which these objectives are important. The power converter may be used for many different applications, including electric vehicles, hybrid combustion/electric vehicles, fuel-cell powered vehicles with low-voltage starting, remote power sources utilizing low-voltage DC power sources, such as photovoltaics and others, electric power backup systems, and load-side electric storage and generation systems.

Peng, Fang Zheng (Knoxville, TN); Adams, Donald Joe (Knoxville, TN)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

Hybrid switch for resonant power converters  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A hybrid switch comprising two semiconductor switches connected in parallel but having different voltage drop characteristics as a function of current facilitates attainment of zero voltage switching and reduces conduction losses to complement reduction of switching losses achieved through zero voltage switching in power converters such as high-current inverters.

Lai, Jih-Sheng; Yu, Wensong

2014-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

10

A low-power reconfigurable analog-to-digital converter  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis presents the concept, theory and design of a low power CMOS analog-to-digital converter that can digitize signals over a wide range of bandwidth and resolution with adaptive power consumption. The converter ...

Gulati, Kush

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Modular Power Converters for PV Applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report describes technical opportunities to serve as parts of a technological roadmap for Shoals Technologies Group in power electronics for PV applications. There are many different power converter circuits that can be used for solar inverter applications. The present applications do not take advantage of the potential for using common modules. We envision that the development of a power electronics module could enable higher reliability by being durable and flexible. Modules would have fault current limiting features and detection circuits such that they can limit the current through the module from external faults and can identify and isolate internal faults such that the remaining modules can continue to operate with only minimal disturbance to the utility or customer. Development of a reliable, efficient, low-cost, power electronics module will be a key enabling technology for harnessing more power from solar panels and enable plug and play operation. Power electronics for computer power supplies, communication equipment, and transportation have all targeted reliability and modularity as key requirements and have begun concerted efforts to replace monolithic components with collections of common smart modules. This is happening on several levels including (1) device level with intelligent control, (2) functional module level, and (3) system module. This same effort is needed in power electronics for solar applications. Development of modular units will result in standard power electronic converters that will have a lower installed and operating cost for the overall system. These units will lead to increased adaptability and flexibility of solar inverters. Incorporating autonomous fault current limiting and reconfiguration capabilities into the modules and having redundant modules will lead to a durable converter that can withstand the rigors of solar power generation for more than 30 years. Our vision for the technology roadmap is that there is no need for detailed design of new power converters for each new application or installation. One set of modules and controllers can be pre-developed and the only design question would be how many modules need to be in series or parallel for the specific power requirement. Then, a designer can put the modules together and add the intelligent reconfigurable controller. The controller determines how many modules are connected, but it might also ask for user input for the specific application during setup. The modules include protection against faults and can reset it, if necessary. In case of a power device failure, the controller reconfigures itself to continue limited operation until repair which might be as simple as taking the faulty module out and inserting a new module. The result is cost savings in design, maintenance, repair, and a grid that is more reliable and available. This concept would be a perfect fit for the recently announced funding opportunity announcement (DE-FOA-0000653) on Plug and Play Photovoltaics.

Ozpineci, Burak [ORNL; Tolbert, Leon M [ORNL

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

Magnet Technology for Power Converters: Nanocomposite Magnet Technology for High Frequency MW-Scale Power Converters  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Solar ADEPT Project: CMU is developing a new nanoscale magnetic material that will reduce the size, weight, and cost of utility-scale PV solar power conversion systems that connect directly to the grid. Power converters are required to turn the energy that solar power systems create into useable energy for the grid. The power conversion systems made with CMU’s nanoscale magnetic material have the potential to be 150 times lighter and significantly smaller than conventional power conversion systems that produce similar amounts of power.

None

2012-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

13

E-Print Network 3.0 - advanced power converters Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

(PO.139) Track: Technical Summary: turbines with partial scale power converter and (ii) wind turbines with full scale power converter... power converter of the DFIG can be...

14

Relationship Among Efficiency and Output Power of Heat Energy Converters  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Relationship among efficiency and output power of heat-electric energy converters as well as of any converters for transforming of heat energy into any other kind of energy is considered. It is shown, that the parameter efficiency does not determine univocally the output power of a converter. It is proposed to use another parameter for determination of working ability of heat energy converters. It is shown, that high output power can not be achieved by any kind of Stirling-type converters in spite of their high efficiency.

Alexander Luchinskiy

2004-09-02T23:59:59.000Z

15

Electrical power converter method and system employing multiple output converters  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A support may receive one or more power electronic circuits. The support may aid in removing heat from the circuits through fluid circulating through the support. The support, in conjunction with other packaging features may form a shield from both external EMI/RFI and from interference generated by operation of the power electronic circuits. Features may be provided to permit and enhance connection of the circuitry to external circuitry, such as improved terminal configurations. Modular units may be assembled that may be coupled to electronic circuitry via plug-in arrangements or through interface with a backplane or similar mounting and interconnecting structures.

Beihoff, Bruce C. (Wauwatosa, WI); Radosevich, Lawrence D. (Muskego, WI); Meyer, Andreas A. (Richmond Heights, OH); Gollhardt, Neil (Fox Point, WI); Kannenberg, Daniel G. (Waukesha, WI)

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

A global maximum power point tracking DC-DC converter  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis describes the design, and validation of a maximum power point tracking DC-DC converter capable of following the true global maximum power point in the presence of other local maximum. It does this without the ...

Duncan, Joseph, 1981-

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Bi-directional power control system for voltage converter  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A control system for a voltage converter includes: a power comparator for comparing a power signal on input terminals of the converter with a commanded power signal and producing a power comparison signal; a power regulator for transforming the power comparison signal to a commanded current signal; a current comparator for comparing the commanded current signal with a measured current signal on output terminals of the converter and producing a current comparison signal; a current regulator for transforming the current comparison signal to a pulse width modulator (PWM) duty cycle command signal; and a PWM for using the PWM duty cycle command signal to control electrical switches of the converter. The control system may further include: a command multiplier for converting a voltage signal across the output terminals of the converter to a gain signal having a value between zero (0) and unity (1), and a power multiplier for multiplying the commanded power signal by the gain signal to provide a limited commanded power signal, wherein power comparator compares the limited commanded power signal with the power signal on the input terminals. 10 figs.

Garrigan, N.R.; King, R.D.; Schwartz, J.E.

1999-05-11T23:59:59.000Z

18

Bi-directional power control system for voltage converter  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A control system for a voltage converter includes: a power comparator for comparing a power signal on input terminals of the converter with a commanded power signal and producing a power comparison signal; a power regulator for transforming the power comparison signal to a commanded current signal; a current comparator for comparing the commanded current signal with a measured current signal on output terminals of the converter and producing a current comparison signal; a current regulator for transforming the current comparison signal to a pulse width modulator (PWM) duty cycle command signal; and a PWM for using the PWM duty cycle command signal to control electrical switches of the converter. The control system may further include: a command multiplier for converting a voltage signal across the output terminals of the converter to a gain signal having a value between zero (0) and unity (1), and a power multiplier for multiplying the commanded power signal by the gain signal to provide a limited commanded power signal, wherein power comparator compares the limited commanded power signal with the power signal on the input terminals.

Garrigan, Neil Richard (Niskayuna, NY); King, Robert Dean (Schenectady, NY); Schwartz, James Edward (Slingerlands, NY)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Power Maximization in Wave-Energy Converters Using Sampled -Data Extremum Seeking /  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Power Maximization in Wave-Energy Converters Using Sampled-design optimization of wave energy converters con- sistingN. Sahinkaya. A review of wave energy converter technology.

Chen, Tianjia

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Multilevel Converter Topologies for Utility Scale Solar Photovoltaic Power Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and phase angle of the inverter cells is proposed. This improves differential power processing amongst cells while keeping the voltage and current ratings of the devices low. A battery energy storage system for the multilevel PV converter has also been...

Essakiappan, Somasundaram

2014-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "module-integrated power converters" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Forward converter for solar power applications .  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??"Most solar arrays used today are connected in series and have tremendous power losses in partially shaded conditions. This document explores photovoltaic arrays in a… (more)

McFowland, Nickolas Arthur, 1987-

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Power converter having improved terminal structure  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A terminal structure for power electronics circuits reduces the need for a DC bus and thereby the incidence of parasitic inductance. The structure is secured to a support that may receive one or more power electronic circuits. The support may aid in removing heat from the circuits through fluid circulating through the support. The support may form a shield from both external EMI/RFI and from interference generated by operation of the power electronic circuits. Features may be provided to permit and enhance connection of the circuitry to external circuitry, such as by direct contact between the terminal assembly and AC and DC circuit components. Modular units may be assembled that may be coupled to electronic circuitry via plug-in arrangements or through interface with a backplane or similar mounting and interconnecting structures.

Radosevich, Lawrence D.; Kannenberg, Daniel G.; Phillips, Mark G.; Kaishian, Steven C.

2007-03-06T23:59:59.000Z

23

Thermally matched fluid cooled power converter  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A thermal support may receive one or more power electronic circuits. The support may aid in removing heat from the circuits through fluid circulating through the support. Power electronic circuits are thermally matched, such as between component layers and between the circuits and the support. The support may form a shield from both external EMI/RFI and from interference generated by operation of the power electronic circuits. Features may be provided to permit and enhance connection of the circuitry to external circuitry, such as improved terminal configurations. Modular units may be assembled that may be coupled to electronic circuitry via plug-in arrangements or through interface with a backplane or similar mounting and interconnecting structures.

Radosevich, Lawrence D.; Kannenberg, Daniel G.; Kaishian, Steven C.; Beihoff, Bruce C.

2005-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

24

Power converter having improved EMI shielding  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

EMI shielding is provided for power electronics circuits and the like via a direct-mount reference plane support and shielding structure. The thermal support may receive one or more power electronic circuits. The support may aid in removing heat from the circuits through fluid circulating through the support. The support forms a shield from both external EMI/RFI and from interference generated by operation of the power electronic circuits. Features may be provided to permit and enhance connection of the circuitry to external circuitry, such as improved terminal configurations. Modular units may be assembled that may be coupled to electronic circuitry via plug-in arrangements or through interface with a backplane or similar mounting and interconnecting structures.

Beihoff, Bruce C.; Kehl, Dennis L.; Gettelfinger, Lee A.; Kaishian, Steven C.; Phillips, Mark G.; Radosevich, Lawrence D.

2006-06-13T23:59:59.000Z

25

Modular power converter having fluid cooled support  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A support may receive one or more power electronic circuits. The support may aid in removing heat from the circuits through fluid circulating through the support. The support, in conjunction with other packaging features may form a shield from both external EMI/RFI and from interference generated by operation of the power electronic circuits. Features may be provided to permit and enhance connection of the circuitry to external circuitry, such as improved terminal configurations. Modular units may be assembled that may be coupled to electronic circuitry via plug-in arrangements or through interface with a backplane or similar mounting and interconnecting structures.

Beihoff, Bruce C.; Radosevich, Lawrence D.; Meyer, Andreas A.; Gollhardt, Neil; Kannenberg, Daniel G.

2005-09-06T23:59:59.000Z

26

Modular power converter having fluid cooled support  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A support may receive one or more power electronic circuits. The support may aid in removing heat from the circuits through fluid circulating through the support. The support, in conjunction with other packaging features may form a shield from both external EMI/RFI and from interference generated by operation of the power electronic circuits. Features may be provided to permit and enhance connection of the circuitry to external circuitry, such as improved terminal configurations. Modular units may be assembled that may be coupled to electronic circuitry via plug-in arrangements or through interface with a backplane or similar mounting and interconnecting structures.

Beihoff, Bruce C.; Radosevich, Lawrence D.; Meyer, Andreas A.; Gollhardt, Neil; Kannenberg, Daniel G.

2005-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

27

Power converter having improved fluid cooling  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A thermal support may receive one or more power electronic circuits. The support may aid in removing heat from the circuits through fluid circulating through the support, which may be controlled in a closed-loop manner. Interfacing between circuits, circuit mounting structure, and the support provide for greatly enhanced cooling. The support may form a shield from both external EMI/RFI and from interference generated by operation of the power electronic circuits. Features may be provided to permit and enhance connection of the circuitry to external circuitry, such as improved terminal configurations. Modular units may be assembled that may be coupled to electronic circuitry via plug-in arrangements or through interface with a backplane or similar mounting and interconnecting structures.

Meyer, Andreas A.; Radosevich, Lawrence D.; Beihoff, Bruce C.; Kehl, Dennis L.; Kannenberg, Daniel G.

2007-03-06T23:59:59.000Z

28

Power line carrier interference from HVDC converter terminals  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Power line carrier (PLC) equipment typically operates in the frequency range from 25 kHz to 300 kHz. Interference studies for HVDC converters usually concentrate on interference from noise sources within this frequency range. However, operating experience at the Sandy Pond converter terminal has indicated that PLC equipment is also susceptible to interference from sources of power system harmonics below the PLC frequency range. Extensive field testing and analytical studies have shown that each PLC circuit has a resonant frequency below the operating frequency. If excited at this resonant frequency, high voltages may exist within the PLC circuit. The resulting saturation of PLC components leads to local generation of radio frequency (RF) noise that interferes with proper operation of PLC circuits. Sources of power system harmonics in the 3-10 kHz range, such as line commutated dc converters, are potential sources of this type of interference.

Tatro, P.J.; Adamson, K.A. (New England Power Service Co., Westborough, MA (United States)); Eitzmann, M.A.; Smead, M. (GE Industrial and Power Systems, Schenectady, NY (United States). Power Systems Engineering Dept.)

1993-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

Analysis and design of a high power dc-dc converter  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

rating of this converter is virtually unlimited. Similar converter topologies are used in HVDC power transmission in utility power systems. The rating of these HVDC converters can exceed 1000 MVA. The ac link capacttor. C in the DPC circuit serves...

Husain, Iqbal

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Control and Power Management of Converter Fed Microgrids  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Control and Power Management of Converter Fed Microgrids Charles K. Sao, Member, IEEE, and Peter in parallel in a VSC fed microgrid. Each current controlled VSC in such a microgrid has its own VPD/FQB controller that sets its current references to regulate the voltage and frequency of a common microgrid bus

Lehn, Peter W.

31

"Black Box" EMC model for Power Electronics Converter Mikael Foissac  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

"Black Box" EMC model for Power Electronics Converter Mikael Foissac Grenoble Electrical be forecasted accurately, in order to avoid disturbance of the complete system. To quantify the EMC behaviour will then illustrate the method on a complete chopper cell. II. BLACK BOX EMC MODEL Any EMC analysis must account

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

32

High Efficiency Interleaved Power Electronics Converter for wide operating power range  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

at there nominal power. The converters are using an output filtering structure with magnetical coupling to its nominal power). Many applications, like solar power plant or VSD systems with variable torque%, will see his efficiency decreasing to 85 % if it works at 50% of his nominal power. If the output power

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

33

Advanced Low Temperature Absorption Chiller Module Integrated...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Advanced Low Temperature Absorption Chiller Module Integrated with a CHP System at a Distributed Data Center - Presentation by Exergy Partners Corp., June 2011 Advanced Low...

34

Integration of planar transformer and/or planar inductor with power switches in power converter  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A power converter integrates at least one planar transformer comprising a multi-layer transformer substrate and/or at least one planar inductor comprising a multi-layer inductor substrate with a number of power semiconductor switches physically and thermally coupled to a heat sink via one or more multi-layer switch substrates.

Chen, Kanghua (Canton, MI); Ahmed, Sayeed (Canton, MI); Zhu, Lizhi (Canton, MI)

2007-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

35

A Completely Modular Power Converter for High-Power High-Current DC Applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and filter components. Reliability and availability are other important requirements from the power converter connection of semiconductor devices, however, several centralized components (filters, transformer etc.) are used, which lead to multiple failure modes. Replacement of these large power components is both time

Paderborn, Universität

36

Ancillary Frequency Control of Direct Drive Full-Scale Converter Based Wind Power Plants  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

presents a simulation model of a wind power plant based on a MW-level variable speed wind turbineAncillary Frequency Control of Direct Drive Full-Scale Converter Based Wind Power Plants Weihao Hu with a full-scale back-to-back power converter developed in the simulation tool of DIgSILENT Power Factory

Chen, Zhe

37

MULTILEVEL CONVERTERS - A NEW BREED OF POWER CONVERTERS Jih-Sheng...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

well suited for various renewable energy sources such as fuel cell, photovoltaic, and biomass, etc. Connecting separated dc sources between two converters in a back-to-back...

38

Digital regulation of a phase controlled power converter  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider, now in construction at Brookhaven National Laboratory, will use phase controlled power converters for the main dipole and quadrupole magnet strings. The rectifiers in these power supplies will be controlled by a digital regulator based on the TI 320C30 Digital Signal Processor (DSP). The DSP implements the current loop, the voltage loop, and a system to actively reduce the sub-harmonic ripple components. Digital firing circuits consisting of a phase locked lop and counters are used to fire the SCRs. Corrections for the sub-harmonic reduction are calculated by the DSP and stored in registers in the firing circuit. These corrections are added in hardware, to the over-all firing count provided by the DSP. the resultant count is compared to a reference counter to fire the SCRs. This combination of a digital control system and the digital firing circuits allows the correction of the sub-harmonics in a real-time sense. A prototype of the regulator has been constructed, and the preliminary testing indicates a sub-harmonic reduction of 60 dB.

Schultheiss, C.; Haque, T.

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Fast neutron thermionic-converters for high-power space nuclear power systems. [Na; K  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The results of tests with a thermionic reactor-converter utilizing fast neutrons and a high temperature cooling system are described. The reactor can be useful for a wide range of applications with a specific mass of about 20 kg/kW and power level of 2500 kW. (AIP)

Pupko, V.Y.; Vizgalov, A.V.; Raskach, F.P.; Shestjorkin, A.G.; Almambetov, A.K. (Obninsk, Kaluga region, USSR (SU)); Bystrov, P.I.; Yuditsky, V.D.; Sobolev, Y.A.; Sinyavsky, V.V.; Bakanov, Y.A.; Lipovy, N.M. (SIA Energiya'', Kaliningrad, Moscow (USSR)); Gryaznov, G.M.; Serbin, V.I.; Trykhanov, Y.L. (SIA Krasnaya Zvezda'', Moscow (USSR))

1991-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

40

New Family of Multilevel Matrix Converters for Wind Power Applications: Final Report, July 2002 - March 2006  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The goal of this project was to develop a new modular multilevel matrix converter for wind power applications and to demonstrate a working scale model in the laboratory.

Erickson, R.; Angkititrakul, S.; Almazeedi, K.

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "module-integrated power converters" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

High efficiency resonant dc/dc converter for solar power applications .  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This thesis presents a new topology for a high efficiency dc/dc resonant power converter that utilizes a resistance compression network to provide simultaneous zero voltage… (more)

Inam, Wardah

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Efficient Power Converters for PV Arrays : Scalable Submodule Power Conversion for Utility-Scale Photovoltaics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Solar ADEPT Project: SolarBridge is developing a new power conversion technique to improve the energy output of PV power plants. This new technique is specifically aimed at large plants where many solar panels are connected together. SolarBridge is correcting for the inefficiencies that occur when two solar panels that encounter different amounts of sun are connected together. In most conventional PV system, the weakest panel limits the energy production of the entire system. That’s because all of the energy collected by the PV system feeds into a single collection point where a central inverter then converts it into useable energy for the grid. SolarBridge has found a more efficient and cost-effective way to convert solar energy, correcting these power differences before they reach the grid.

None

2012-02-23T23:59:59.000Z

43

Switching coordination of distributed dc-dc converters for highly efficient photovoltaic power plants  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A distributed photovoltaic (PV) power plant includes a plurality of distributed dc-dc converters. The dc-dc converters are configured to switch in coordination with one another such that at least one dc-dc converter transfers power to a common dc-bus based upon the total system power available from one or more corresponding strings of PV modules. Due to the coordinated switching of the dc-dc converters, each dc-dc converter transferring power to the common dc-bus continues to operate within its optimal efficiency range as well as to optimize the maximum power point tracking in order to increase the energy yield of the PV power plant.

Agamy, Mohammed; Elasser, Ahmed; Sabate, Juan Antonio; Galbraith, Anthony William; Harfman Todorovic, Maja

2014-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

44

Effect of a nonlinear power take off on a wave energy converter   

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis is titled The influence of a nonlinear Power Take Off on a Wave Energy Converter. It looks at the effect that having a nonlinear Power Take Off (PTO) has on an inertial referenced, slack moored, point absorber, ...

Bailey, Helen Louise

2011-11-22T23:59:59.000Z

45

Solar Power To Help Convert Carbon Dioxide Into Fuel : Renewable Energy News  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Solar Power To Help Convert Carbon Dioxide Into Fuel : Renewable Energy News TUESDAY 25 MAY, 2010 | | Solar Power To Help Convert Carbon Dioxide Into Fuel by Energy Matters Microbiologist Derek Lovley of energy, the solar panels, can also harvest energy 100 times more effectively than plants. Other

Lovley, Derek

46

DC to DC power converters and methods of controlling the same  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A power generation system configured to provide direct current (DC) power to a DC link is described. The system includes a first power generation unit configured to output DC power. The system also includes a first DC to DC converter comprising an input section and an output section. The output section of the first DC to DC converter is coupled in series with the first power generation unit. The first DC to DC converter is configured to process a first portion of the DC power output by the first power generation unit and to provide an unprocessed second portion of the DC power output of the first power generation unit to the output section.

Steigerwald, Robert Louis; Elasser, Ahmed; Sabate, Juan Antonio; Todorovic, Maja Harfman; Agamy, Mohammed

2012-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

47

High-Power Converters and AC Drives IEEE PESC2005 Tutorial  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

@ee.ryerson.ca http://www.ee.ryerson.ca/~bwu/ 2 High-Power Converters and AC Drives 1. Introduction 2. Cascaded H-Bridge Drives · High-Power Semiconductor Devices High-Power Converters and AC Drives Bin Wu 4High · Multilevel Voltage Source Inverters N dC Cascaded H-bridge (CHB) Inverter dC Two Level Inverter dC Flying

Wu, Bin

48

Solar energy power generators with advanced thermionic converters for spacecraft applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This study presents (1) a 50 kW/sub e/ solar energy generator in a geostationary orbit for direct tv-broadcasting and (2) a 10 GW/sub e/ space power plant, with the basic engineering outlines using an advanced thermionic converter proposal given for each. Further, a comparison of the main technical data for the generators with corresponding energy output using (1) advanced thermionic converter and (2) ordinary thermionic converter without auxiliary emitter is shown. 25 refs.

Sahin, S.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

High frequency AC power converter for low voltage circuits  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis presents a novel AC power delivery architecture that is suitable for VHF frequency (50-100MHz) polyphase AC/DC power conversion in low voltage integrated circuits. A complete AC power delivery architecture was ...

Salazar, Nathaniel Jay Tobias

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Design of a Boost Power Factor Correction Converter Using Optimization Techniques Sergio Busquets-Monge1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-end converter with an input electromagnetic interference filter. The system design variables are first correction, boost, electromagnetic interference, electromagnetic compatibility. Paper presented at PESC, June of a boost power factor correction front-end converter with an input electromagnetic interference filter

Lindner, Douglas K.

51

Compact, Low-Profile Power Converters: Highly-Laminated, High-Saturation-Flux-Density, Magnetic Cores for On-Chip Inductors in Power Converter Applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

ADEPT Project: Georgia Tech is creating compact, low-profile power adapters and power bricks using materials and tools adapted from other industries and from grid-scale power applications. Adapters and bricks convert electrical energy into useable power for many types of electronic devices, including laptop computers and mobile phones. These converters are often called wall warts because they are big, bulky, and sometimes cover up an adjacent wall socket that could be used to power another electronic device. The magnetic components traditionally used to make adapters and bricks have reached their limits; they can't be made any smaller without sacrificing performance. Georgia Tech is taking a cue from grid-scale power converters that use iron alloys as magnetic cores. These low-cost alloys can handle more power than other materials, but the iron must be stacked in insulated plates to maximize energy efficiency. In order to create compact, low-profile power adapters and bricks, these stacked iron plates must be extremely thin-only hundreds of nanometers in thickness, in fact. To make plates this thin, Georgia Tech is using manufacturing tools used in microelectromechanics and other small-scale industries.

None

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Numeric simulation of thyristor power converters taking into consideration the firing-circuits and the closed-loop control  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Numeric simulation of thyristor power converters taking into consideration the firing-circuits and the closed-loop control

Bordry, Frederick; Proudlock, Paul

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Microsoft PowerPoint - Converting Sustainable Forest Products into Fuel  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion | Department of EnergyDevelopmentTechnologiesfromScienceSeptember 15, 2008.Converting

54

A Virtual DSP System for Design Instruction of Power Converters AA.. KKeeyyhhaannii aanndd MM.. NN.. MMaarrwwaallii GGeerraalldd BBaauummggaarrttnneerr  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

as a case study for the development of the testbed. The resonant power converters provide efficient electric `hard' switching power converters, a resonant converter utilizes a controlled series or parallel LC substantially reduce the switching losses occurred in the power transfer process Despite their attractiveness

Baumgartner, Gerald

55

High efficiency resonant dc/dc converter for solar power applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis presents a new topology for a high efficiency dc/dc resonant power converter that utilizes a resistance compression network to provide simultaneous zero voltage switching and near zero current switching across ...

Inam, Wardah

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Electrical power converter method and system employing multiple-output converters  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A support may receive one or more power electronic circuits. The support may aid in removing heat from the circuits through fluid circulating through the support. The support, in conjunction with other packaging features may form a shield from both external EMI/RFI and from interference generated by operation of the power electronic circuits. Features may be provided to permit and enhance connection of the circuitry to external circuitry, such as improved terminal configurations. Modular units may be assembled that may be coupled to electronic circuitry via plug-in arrangements or through interface with a backplane or similar mounting and interconnecting structures.

Beihoff, Bruce C.; Radosevich, Lawrence D.; Meyer, Andreas A.; Gollhardt, Neil; Kannenberg, Daniel G.

2006-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

57

FC/Battery Power Management for Electric Vehicle Based Interleaved dc-dc Boost Converter Topology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FC/Battery Power Management for Electric Vehicle Based Interleaved dc- dc Boost Converter Topology power systems in electric vehicle application, in order to decrease the FC current ripple. Therefore the performance of the FC system during transient and instantaneous peak power demands in electric vehicle

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

58

Indirect Matrix Converter as Standard Power Electronic Interface.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? The increase in the penetration levels of distributed generation in the modern power grid and its importance in future energy systems have accelerated the… (more)

Escobar-Mejia, Andres

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

A resonant load circuit to develop electrical power transfer of thermionic converters  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Low internal impedance of thermionic converters requires a low impedance load in the DC mode to obtain optimal power transfer. An internal resistance near 0.1 W for thermionic converters is common. According to the maximum power theorem [Desoer,1969], a similar magnitude for the resistance load must be fixed. Due to temperature changes, the internal plasma resistance and the resistance of the leads is modified [Houston,1959], for this reason, it is difficult to maintain maximum power transfer to the load. This paper presents a resonant load circuit for thermionic converters in the AC mode, to develop impedance coupling. The circuit employs an electrical transformer and positive feedback; by this way, oscillations are themselves maintained. It is used an electrical circuit model [Perez et al, 1997], to simulate the electrical behavior of the thermionic converter.

Perez, G.; Estrada, C.A.; Jimenez, A.E.

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Stirling converters for space dynamic power concepts with 2 to 130 W{sub e} output  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Three innovative Stirling converter concepts are described. Two concepts are based on Pluto Fast Flyby (PFF) mission requirements, where two General Purpose Heat Source (GPHS) modules provide the thermal input. The first concept (PFF2) considers a power system with two opposed Stirling converters; the second concept (PFF4) considers four opposed Stirling converters. For both concepts the Stirling converters are designed to vary their power production capability to compensate for the failure of one Stirling converter. While the net thermal efficiency of PFF4 is a few percentage points lower than PFF2, the total Stirling converter mass of PFF4 is half that for PFF2. The third concept (ITTI) is designed to supply 2 watts of power for weather stations on the Martian surface. The predicted thermal performance of the ITTI is low compared to PFF2 and PFF4, yet the ITTI concept offers significant advantages compared to currently available power systems at the 2-watt power level. All three concepts are based on long-life technology demonstrated by an 11-watt output Stirling generator that as of March 1995 has accumulated over 15,000 operating hours without maintenance.

Ross, B.A. [Stirling Technology Co., Richland, WA (United States)

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "module-integrated power converters" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Simulation Model for UltrasonicMotors powered by Resonant Converters  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, H. Grotstollen Institute for Power Electronics and Electrical Drives, University of Paderborn, FB 14 such as high driving torque at low rotational speed, high holding torque without an applied electric power to optimize the overall drive performance by simulationand to develop suitable control strategies

Paderborn, Universität

62

Miniaturized, low-voltage power converters with fast dynamic response  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis introduces a two-stage architecture that combines the strengths of switched capacitor (SC) techniques (small size, light-load performance) with the high efficiency and regulation capability of switch-mode power ...

Giuliano, David (David Michael)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

MULTILEVEL INVERTER, BASED ON MULTI-STAGE CONNECTION OF THREE-LEVEL CONVERTERS, SCALED IN POWER OF THREE.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MULTILEVEL INVERTER, BASED ON MULTI-STAGE CONNECTION OF THREE-LEVEL CONVERTERS, SCALED IN POWER. #12;MULTILEVEL INVERTER, BASED ON MULTI-STAGE CONNECTION OF THREE-LEVEL CONVERTERS, SCALED IN POWER, Concepción, Chile ABSTRACT A multi-stage inverter using three-state converters is being analyzed

Catholic University of Chile (Universidad Católica de Chile)

64

Design optimization methodology for power converters based on global energy requirement criteria. Application to a DC-DC flyback structure  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for power electronic converters according to the Global Energy Requirement (GER) criterion, i.e. the primary-design converters in order to take its environmental impacts (here, only its global primary energy consumptionDesign optimization methodology for power converters based on global energy requirement criteria

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

65

Integrated Power Adapter: Isolated Converter with Integrated Passives and Low Material Stress  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

ADEPT Project: CPES at Virginia Tech is developing an extremely efficient power converter that could be used in power adapters for small, lightweight laptops and other types of mobile electronic devices. Power adapters convert electrical energy into useable power for an electronic device, and they currently waste a lot of energy when they are plugged into an outlet to power up. CPES at Virginia Tech is integrating high-density capacitors, new magnetic materials, high-frequency integrated circuits, and a constant-flux transformer to create its efficient power converter. The high-density capacitors enable the power adapter to store more energy. The new magnetic materials also increase energy storage, and they can be precisely dispensed using a low-cost ink-jet printer which keeps costs down. The high-frequency integrated circuits can handle more power, and they can handle it more efficiently. And, the constant-flux transformer processes a consistent flow of electrical current, which makes the converter more efficient.

None

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

Compact EMC model of power electronics converter for conducted EMC studies in embedded networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Page 1/7 Compact EMC model of power electronics converter for conducted EMC studies in embedded - University of Lyon Abstract This paper presents a "black box" model for EMC prediction of power electronics is the forecast of ElectroMagnetic Compatibility behaviour at system level in embedded networks. Keywords: EMC

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

67

Compact fluid cooled power converter supporting multiple circuit boards  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A support may receive one or more power electronic circuits. The support may aid in removing heat from the circuits through fluid circulating through the support. The support, in conjunction with other packaging features may form a shield from both external EMI/RFI and from interference generated by operation of the power electronic circuits. Features may be provided to permit and enhance connection of the circuitry to external circuitry, such as improved terminal configurations. Modular units may be assembled that may be coupled to electronic circuitry via plug-in arrangements or through interface with a backplane or similar mounting and interconnecting structures.

Radosevich, Lawrence D.; Meyer, Andreas A.; Beihoff, Bruce C.; Kannenberg, Daniel G.

2005-03-08T23:59:59.000Z

68

Sandia National Laboratories: convert wave power into electricity  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the1development Sandia, NREL Releasehy-drogenmaterial elementswave power into electricity

69

New Power Electronics Converter Interfacing a Hybrid Dc/Ac Microgrid M. Alibeik, E. C. dos Santos Jr.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

New Power Electronics Converter Interfacing a Hybrid Dc/Ac Microgrid M. Alibeik, E. C. dos Santos microgrid is that it has higher efficiency and lesser power conversion. In this work is proposed a new integrated power electronics converter able to connect a Distributed Generation (DG) unit with a hybrid dc

Zhou, Yaoqi

70

A Transformer-less Partial Power Boost Converter for PV Applications Using a Three-Level Switching Cell  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Photovoltaic architectures with distributed power electronics provide many advantages in terms of energy yield as well as system level optimization. As the power level of the solar farm increases it becomes more beneficial to increase the dc collection network voltage, which requires the use of power devices with higher voltage ratings, and thus making the design of efficient, low cost, distributed power converters more challenging. In this paper a simple partial power converter topology is proposed. The topology is implemented using a three-level switching cell, which allows the use of semiconductor devices with lower voltage rating; thus improving design and performance and reducing converter cost. This makes the converters suitable for use for medium to high power applications where dc-link voltages of 600V~1kV may be needed without the need for high voltage devices. Converter operation and experimental results are presented for two partial power circuit variants using three-level switching cells.

Mohammed Agamy; Maja Harfman-Todorovic; Ahmed Elasser; Somasundaram Essakiappan

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

High-efficient solar power systems based on thermionic converter with small gap  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Various configurations of power systems based on thermionic converter with small interelectrode gap have been considered. The results of studies of systems energy characteristics are presented. The high efficiency and perspectivety of such systems for different applications have been shown. {copyright} {ital 1996 American Institute of Physics.}

Nikolaev, Y.V.; Eryomin, S.A.; Kalmykov, S.S.; Karpechenko, Y.D.; Kucherov, R.Y.; Lapochkin, N.V. [Research Institute of Scientific Industrial Association ``Lutch``, 142100, Podolsk, Moscow Region (Russian Federation)

1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

An Assessment of Converter Modelling Needs for Offshore Wind Power Plants Connected via VSC-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An Assessment of Converter Modelling Needs for Offshore Wind Power Plants Connected via VSC- HVDC high voltage direct current (HVDC) transmission is technically superior to other technologies of such complex devices. This paper presents an investigation of the modelling requirements of the MMCC HVDC

Bak, Claus Leth

73

Bacteria can help convert waste to power IANS 7 September 2009, 02:59pm IST  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that generate power could be used in microbial fuel cells to convert waste into electricity, according counterparts with a smooth surface. The researchers isolated a strain of Geobacter sulfurreducens which-film on the anode surface, which conducted electricity. The researchers found large quantities of pilin, a protein

Lovley, Derek

74

Predictive Power Control of Doubly-Fed Induction Generator for Wave Energy Converters  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

energy resource plan. An extremely abundant and promising source of energy exists in oceans of the following categories: wave energy, marine and tidal current energy, ocean thermal energy, energy fromPredictive Power Control of Doubly-Fed Induction Generator for Wave Energy Converters M.S. Lagoun1

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

75

A Predictive power control of Doubly Fed Induction Generator for Wave Energy Converter  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

's excessive energy demand. An extremely abundant and promising source of energy exists in oceans. Currently be included in one of the following categories: wave energy, marine and tidal current energy, ocean thermalA Predictive power control of Doubly Fed Induction Generator for Wave Energy Converter in Irregular

Brest, Université de

76

AlGaAs/GaAs photovoltaic converters for high power narrowband radiation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

AlGaAs/GaAs-based laser power PV converters intended for operation with high-power (up to 100 W/cm{sup 2}) radiation were fabricated by LPE and MOCVD techniques. Monochromatic (? = 809 nm) conversion efficiency up to 60% was measured at cells with back surface field and low (x = 0.2) Al concentration 'window'. Modules with a voltage of 4 V and the efficiency of 56% were designed and fabricated.

Khvostikov, Vladimir; Kalyuzhnyy, Nikolay; Mintairov, Sergey; Potapovich, Nataliia; Shvarts, Maxim; Sorokina, Svetlana; Andreev, Viacheslav [Ioffe Physical-Technical Institute, 26 Polytechnicheskaya, St. Petersburg, 194021 (Russian Federation); Luque, Antonio [Ioffe Physical-Technical Institute, 26 Polytechnicheskaya, St. Petersburg, 194021, Russia and Instituto de Energia Solar, Universidad Politecnica de Madrid, Madrid (Spain)

2014-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

77

Design of a High Power Continuous Source of Broadband Down-Converted Light  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present the design and experimental proof of principle of a low threshold optical parametric oscillator (OPO) that continuously oscillates over a large bandwidth allowed by phase matching. The large oscillation bandwidth is achieved with a selective two-photon loss that suppresses the inherent mode competition, which tends to narrow the bandwidth in conventional OPOs. Our design performs pairwise mode-locking of many frequency pairs, in direct equivalence to passive mode-locking of ultrashort pulsed lasers. The ability to obtain high powers of continuous \\textit{and} broadband down-converted light enables the optimal exploitation of the correlations within the down-converted spectrum, thereby strongly affecting two-photon interactions even at classically high power levels, and opening new venues for applications such as two-photon spectroscopy and microscopy and optical spread spectrum communication.

Avi Pe'er; Yaron Silberberg; Barak Dayan; Asher A. Friesem

2006-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

78

The Use of Power Sums to Solve the Harmonic Elimination Equations for Multilevel Converters EPE Journal Vol. 15 no  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

sources (solar cells, fuel cells, the rectified output of wind turbines) to an existing ac power grid of solar cells are dc voltages, and if this energy is to be fed to into an ac power grid, a powerThe Use of Power Sums to Solve the Harmonic Elimination Equations for Multilevel Converters EPE

Tolbert, Leon M.

79

Interconnected High-Voltage Pulsed-Power Converters System Design for H? Ion Sources  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper presents the design and experimental validations of a system of three new high-voltage (HV) pulsedpower converters for the H? sources. The system requires three pulsed voltages (50, 40, and 25 kV to ground) at 2-Hz repetition rate, for 700 ?s of usable flat-top. The solution presents ripplefree output voltages and minimal stored energy to protect the ion source from the consequences of arc events. Experimental results on the final full-scale prototype are presented. In case of short-circuit events, the maximal energy delivered to the source is in the Joule range. HV flat-top stability of 1% is experimentally achieved with a simple Proportional-Integral- Derivative regulation and preliminary tuned H? source (e.g., radio frequency control, gas injection, and so forth). The system is running since more than a year with no power converter failures and damage to the source.

Aguglia, D

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

Analysis and design of matrix converters for adjustable speed drives and distributed power sources  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.11 Comparison during power interruption (a) without ride-through module (b) with ride-through module (ch1: STPI, ch2: output current IA [5A/ div]), ch3: input voltage Vab, ch4: output line-to-line voltage VAB) .......... 70 3... bidirectional switches and each output phase is associated with three switch set connected to three input phases. This configuration of bidirectional 4 M A B C a b c SaA SbA ScA SaB SbB SbC SaC SbC ScC Fig.1.3 Matrix converter topology switches...

Cha, Han Ju

2004-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "module-integrated power converters" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Power Electronics Technology October 2004 www.powerelectronics.com48 Power Converters for  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fuel Cells Consideration of power conversion requirements during fuel cell design enables optimization of the energy density, power, size and cost for the complete micro fuel cell system. By Jonathan Systems,Champaign,Ill. M icro fuel cells have made tremendous strides in the past few years. New ma

Kimball, Jonathan W.

82

Photovoltaic power converter system with a controller configured to actively compensate load harmonics  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Photovoltaic power converter system including a controller configured to reduce load harmonics is provided. The system comprises a photovoltaic array and an inverter electrically coupled to the array to generate an output current for energizing a load connected to the inverter and to a mains grid supply voltage. The system further comprises a controller including a first circuit coupled to receive a load current to measure a harmonic current in the load current. The controller includes a second circuit to generate a fundamental reference drawn by the load. The controller further includes a third circuit for combining the measured harmonic current and the fundamental reference to generate a command output signal for generating the output current for energizing the load connected to the inverter. The photovoltaic system may be configured to compensate harmonic currents that may be drawn by the load.

de Rooij, Michael Andrew (Clifton Park, NY); Steigerwald, Robert Louis (Burnt Hills, NY); Delgado, Eladio Clemente (Burnt Hills, NY)

2008-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

83

Floating atomic central heating-and-power plant converted from a strategic submarine  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In accordance with {open_quotes}The Treaty on the Reduction of Strategic Offensive Arms{close_quotes} signed in July 1991, the operations envisages by {open_quotes}The Procedures for elimination of SSBN`s Launchers{close_quotes} should be accomplished at submarines of the second generation both by eliminating missile compartments together with launchers and by removal of launchers only from missile compartments. THe number of such ships could reach 30 units as has been forecasted for the year of 1998 inclusive. With regard to the fact that the remaining operation life of the main power plant equipment of a nuclear submarine decommissioned in accordance with the Treaty is about 50 per cent, potentially there is a possibility to convert them into floating atomic central heating-and-power plants. The latter variant envisaged in the {open_quotes}Procedures...{close_quotes} is preferable for developing a floating plant based on ships decommissioned from the Navy, since it permits to remove launchers without cutting and subsequent connection of main cables, pipelines and systems which provide the control of the main power plant, nuclear safety, radiological safety, damage control and fire safety of the floating plant. A submarine could be delivered for refitting into a floating plant only after accomplishing the works envisaged by the {open_quotes}Procedures...{close_quotes}.

Bilashenko, V.P.; Gorigledzhan, E.A.; Slonimsky, V.J. [Military Regiment Nl., Moscow (Russian Federation)

1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

84

Theoretical study of the electrical power behavior of a cesium thermionic converter for switching resistive and reactive loads  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Pulsed ionized diodes have shown to be an attractive mode to develop thermionic converters. Usually the investigations have been focused to work with additive gases and constant loads at steady state. The experimental transient graphs reported suggest a dynamic behavior of the thermionic converter. Periods of the order of 300 {micro}s have been reported for the decay time of voltage and current, a condition that is similar to a capacitive discharge. A circuit model for a thermionic converter to define this condition is proposed. Using this model, an electrical analysis of the thermionic converter power with different switching loads is made. Both, resistive and reactive loads are connected. Special emphasis is dedicated to determine the resonance frequencies.

Perez, J.G. [ICUAP-BUAP, Puebla (Mexico). Semiconductor Devices Research Center; Estrada, C.A.; Jimenez, A.E.; Cervantes, J.G. [UNAM, Temixco (Mexico). Energy Research Center

1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

85

A high-speed, low-power analog-to-digital converter in fully depleted silicon-on-insulator technology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis demonstrates a one-volt, high-speed, ultra-low-power, six-bit flash analog-to-digital converter fabricated in a fully depleted silicon-on-insulator CMOS technology. Silicon-on-insulator CMOS technology provides ...

Lundberg, Kent Howard

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Soft-Switching High-Frequency AC-Link Universal Power Converters with Galvanic Isolation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) direct drive using wound-field synchronous generator [10]. ...................................................................................................... 6 Figure 6 Dc-dc buck-boost converter: (a) configuration, (b) energizing mode (mode 1), (c...) de-energizing mode (mode 2), (d) voltage and current waveforms ........ 12 Figure 7 An alternative representation of the dc-dc buck-boost converter ...................... 13 Figure 8 Dc-dc ac-link buck-boost converter: configuration, behavior...

Amirabadi, Mahshid

2013-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

87

A Bidirectional High-Power-Quality Grid Interface With a Novel Bidirectional Noninverted Buck Boost Converter for PHEVs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) will play a vital role in future sustainable transportation systems due to their potential in terms of energy security, decreased environmental impact, improved fuel economy, and better performance. Moreover, new regulations have been established to improve the collective gas mileage, cut greenhouse gas emissions, and reduce dependence on foreign oil. This paper primarily focuses on two major thrust areas of PHEVs. First, it introduces a grid-friendly bidirectional alternating current/direct current ac/dc dc/ac rectifier/inverter for facilitating vehicle-to-grid (V2G) integration of PHEVs. Second, it presents an integrated bidirectional noninverted buck boost converter that interfaces the energy storage device of the PHEV to the dc link in both grid-connected and driving modes. The proposed bidirectional converter has minimal grid-level disruptions in terms of power factor and total harmonic distortion, with less switching noise. The integrated bidirectional dc/dc converter assists the grid interface converter to track the charge/discharge power of the PHEV battery. In addition, while driving, the dc/dc converter provides a regulated dc link voltage to the motor drive and captures the braking energy during regenerative braking.

Onar, Omer C [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Design and performance of radioisotope space power systems based on OSC multitube AMTEC converter designs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper extends the analytical procedure described in another paper in these proceedings to analyze a variety of compact and light-weight OSC-designed radioisotope-heated generators. Those generators employed General Purpose Heat Source (GPHS) modules and a converter containing sixteen AMTEC cells of OSC`s revised five-tube design with enhanced cell wall reflectivity described in a companion paper in these proceedings. OSC found that the performance of the generator is primarily a function of the thermal insulation between the outside of the generator`s 16 cells and the inside of its wall. After examining a variety of insulation options, it was found that the generator`s performance is optimized by employing a hybrid insulation system, in which the space between the cells is filled with fibrous Min-K insulation, and the generator walls are lined with tapered (i.e., graded-length) multifoil insulation. The OSC design results in a very compact generator, with eight AMTEC cells on each end of the heat source stack. The choice of the five-tube cells makes it possible to expand the BASE tube diameter without increasing the cell diameter. This is important because the eight cells mate well with the stacked GPHS modules. The OSC generator design includes a compliant heat source support and preload arrangement, to hold the heat source modules together during launch, and to maintain thermal contact conductance at the generator`s interfaces despite creep relaxation of its housing. The BOM and EOM (up to 15 years) performances of the revised generators were analyzed for two and three GPHS modules, both for fresh fuel and for aged fuel left over from a spare RTG (Radioisotope Thermoelectric Generator) fueled in 1982. The resulting power outputs were compared with JPL`s latest EOM power demand goals for the Pluto Express and Europa Orbiter missions, and with the generic goals of DOE`s Advanced Radioisotope Power System (ARPS) study. The OSC AMTEC designs yielded system efficiencies three to four times as high as present-generation RTGs.

Schock, A.; Noravian, H.; Or, C. [Orbital Sciences Corp., Germantown, MD (United States)

1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

89

A New Integrated Onboard Charger and Accessory Power Converter for Plug-in Electric Vehicles  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this paper, a new approach is presented for integrating the function of onboard battery charging into the traction drive system and accessory dc-dc converter of a plug-in electric vehicle (PEV). The idea is to utilize the segmented traction drive system of a PEV as the frond converter of the charging circuit and the transformer and high voltage converter of the 14 V accessory dc-dc converter to form a galvanically isolated onboard charger. Moreover, a control method is presented for suppressing the battery current ripple component of twice the grid frequency with the reduced dc bus capacitor in the segmented inverter. The resultant integrated charger has lower cost, weight, and volume than a standalone charger due to a substantially reduced component count. The proposed integrated charger topology was verified by modeling and experimental results on a 5.8 kW charger prototype.

Su, Gui-Jia [ORNL; Tang, Lixin [ORNL

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Design, Modeling, and Control of Three-Port Converters for Solar Power Applications.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This paper describes the results of research into multi-port converter design and control, specifically a pair of three-port topologies based on the half-bridge and full-bridge… (more)

Reese, Justin M

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

A Self-Aware Processor SoC using Energy Monitors Integrated into Power Converters for Self-Adaptation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Jason E. Miller1 , Henry C. Hoffmann3 , Srini Devadas1 and Anantha P. Chandraksan1 1 Massachusetts-efficiency [1][2]. However, power models cannot fully represent the actual profile of a complex processor system of the system is provided by two on-chip DC/DC converters that deliver variable load voltages from 0.6V to 1.8V

Devadas, Srinivas

92

Study of Power Converter Topologies with Energy Recovery and grid power flow control. Part A: 2-quadrant converter with energy storage.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In the framework of a Transfer line (TT2) Consolidation Programme, a number of studies on Energy cycling have been commissioned. Part of this work involves the study of different power electronic system topologies for magnet energy recovery [1{5]. In this report, the use of a two-quadrant (2Q) regulator connected to the DC link of a 4-quadrant magnet supply is analysed. The key objective of the study is to find control strategies that result in the control of the peak power required from the power network as well as to recover the magnet energy into capacitor banks with controlled voltage fluctuation. The study comprises the modelling of the system by means of the method of state averaging and the development of regulation strategies to energy management. The proposed control strategies can be divided in two groups: in the first group, the magnet current is used to dene the reference for the control system, while in the second group this current is considered as a perturbation and some strategies are devised ...

Maestri, S; Uicich, G; Benedetti, M; Le Godec, G; Papastergiou, K

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

PM brushless DC motor drive with a new power converter topology  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

With the growing potential for widespread use of permanent magnet brushless dc motor drives (hereafter referred to as PMBDC drives) in many low-cost applications such as in hvac, refrigerators, and freezers in houses and small velocity servos in process industries, it has become important to minimize the cost. One obvious place for cost reduction is in the cost of the inverter and its associated controller. With that perspective, a novel application of the converter topology for the PMBDC known as C-dump in the switched reluctance motor drives is proposed in this paper. The advantages and disadvantages of this topology vis-a-vis the conventional 3 phase H-bridge converter, are highlighted from the points of view of economy in switches, volt ampere rating, associated controller cost, and packaging. Design considerations for the PMBDC motor are derived for use with the proposed converter topology. The operational and design characteristics of this converter driven PMBDC drive are derived for four quadrant performance. Guidelines for the design of the proposed performance. Guidelines for the design of the proposed topology are derived and presented in the paper. Experimental results from a laboratory prototype are presented to validate the feasibility of the proposed PMBDC drive system.

Krishnan, R.; Lee, S. [Virginia Polytechnic Inst. and State Univ., Blacksburg, VA (United States)

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

94

Low Power DC-DC Converters and a Low Quiescent Power High PSRR Class-D Audio Amplifier  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91 5.5.4 Body Diode Power Losses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 92 5.5.5 Quiescent Power Losses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 92 5.5.6 Short Circuit Power Losses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93 5.6 Main Control...

Torres, Joselyn

2013-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

95

Design of low-voltage, high-bandwidth radio frequency power converters  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The mass and volume required for power electronics circuitry is a dominant obstacle to the miniaturization and integration of many systems. Likewise, power electronics with greater bandwidth and efficiency are becoming ...

Hu, Jingying, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON MICROWAVE THEORY AND TECHNIQUES, VOL. 47, NO. 8, AUGUST 1999 1457 A Planar 4.5-GHz DCDC Power Converter  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. The need for discrete magnetic components, including inductors and isolation transformers, is the main.5-GHz DC­DC Power Converter Slavko Djuki´c, Dragan Maksimovi´c, Member, IEEE, and Zoya Popovi´c, Senior a maximum power-added efficiency of 86%, corresponding drain efficiency of 95%, and 120 mW of output power

Popovic, Zoya

97

On the Robust Control of DC-DC Converters: Application to a Hybrid Power  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

synthesis is performed for a hybrid power generation structure composed by a Fuel Cell and a Supercapacitor Inequalities, Fuel Cells, Supercapacitors, Hybrid Power Generation. 1. INTRODUCTION It is believed power generation system composed by a FC and a Supercapacitor (SC). A complete review of FC models

Boyer, Edmond

98

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER ELECTRONICS, VOL. 20, NO. 5, SEPTEMBER 2005 1093 System Identification of Power Converters  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER ELECTRONICS, VOL. 20, NO. 5, SEPTEMBER 2005 1093 System Identification; revised February 2, 2005. This work is supported by NASA through the Colorado Power Electronics Center. Recom- mended by Associate Editor B. Lehman. The authors are with the Colorado Power Electronics Center

99

Analysis and design of closed-loop control of power electronic converter systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

filter system to cancel neutral current harmonic (IOOA) in a threephase four-wire electric distribution system. (b)Input power factor correction and harmonic reduction stage of a commercially available electronic ballast (12OV, 64W) for fluorescent...

Huang, Yenchin

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

100

Multi-port DC-DC Power Converter for Renewable Energy Application  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of constant frequency. This work proposed and evaluated a new power circuit that can deal with the problem of the intermittent nature and slow response of the renewable energy. The proposed circuit integrates different renewable energy sources as well...

Chou, Hung-Ming

2010-01-16T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "module-integrated power converters" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

A Power Converter with a Rotating Secondary Stage for an Airborne Radar System   

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Contact-less transfer of energy has always been a desired feature for systems that require reliable and durable power transfer across their moving parts. In rotary equipment in particular, slip-rings are the established solution with off...

Papastergiou, Konstantinos

2006-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

102

Thermionic/AMTEC cascade converter concept for high-efficiency space power  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper presents trade studies that address the use of the thermionic/AMTEC cell--a cascaded, high-efficiency, static power conversion concept that appears well-suited to space power applications. Both the thermionic and AMTEC power conversion approaches have been shown to be promising candidates for space power. Thermionics offers system compactness via modest efficiency at high heat rejection temperatures, and AMTEC offers high efficiency at modest heat rejection temperature. From a thermal viewpoint the two are ideally suited for cascaded power conversion: thermionic heat rejection and AMTEC heat source temperatures are essentially the same. In addition to realizing conversion efficiencies potentially as high as 35--40%, such a cascade offers the following perceived benefits: survivability; simplicity; technology readiness; and technology growth. Mechanical approaches and thermal/electric matching criteria for integrating thermionics and AMTEC into a single conversion device are described. Focusing primarily on solar thermal space power applications, parametric trends are presented to show the performance and cost potential that should be achievable with present-day technology in cascaded thermionic/AMTEC systems.

Hagan, T.H. van; Smith, J.N. Jr. [General Atomics, San Diego, CA (United States); Schuller, M. [PL/VTP, Kirtland AFB, NM (United States)

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

103

Chip-Scale Power Conversion for LED Lighting: Integrated Power Chip Converter for Solid-State Lighting  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

ADEPT Project: Teledyne is developing cost-effective power drivers for energy-efficient LED lights that fit on a compact chip. These power drivers are important because they transmit power throughout the LED device. Traditional LED driver components waste energy and don't last as long as the LED itself. They are also large and bulky, so they must be assembled onto a circuit board separately which increases the overall manufacturing cost of the LED light. Teledyne is shrinking the size and improving the efficiency of its LED driver components by using thin layers of an iron magnetic alloy and new gallium nitride on silicon devices. Smaller, more efficient components will enable the drivers to be integrated on a single chip, reducing costs. The new semiconductors in Teledyne's drivers can also handle higher levels of power and last longer without sacrificing efficiency. Initial applications for Teledyne's LED power drivers include refrigerated grocery display cases and retail lighting.

None

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Abstract--The offshore wind farm with installed back-to-back power converter in wind turbines is studied. As an  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abstract--The offshore wind farm with installed back-to- back power converter in wind turbines is studied. As an example the Burbo Bank offshore wind farm with Siemens Wind Power wind turbines is taken installed in wind turbines are presented. Harmonic load flow analysis and impedance frequency

Bak, Claus Leth

105

Development of a 10 kW High Temperature High Power Density Three-Phase AC-DC-AC SiC Converter  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper presents the development and experimental performance of a 10 kW, all SiC, 250 C junction temperature high-power-density three-phase ac-dc-ac converter. The electromagnetic interference filter, thermal system, high temperature package, and gate drive design are discussed in detail. Finally, tests confirming the feasibility and validating the theoretical basis of the prototype converter system are described.

Ning, Puqi [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Bacteria that generate significant amounts of electricity could be used in microbial fuel cells to provide power in remote environments or to convert  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Bacteria that generate significant amounts of electricity could be used in microbial fuel cells to provide power in remote environments or to convert waste to electricity. Professor Derek Lovley from at Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh. The researchers isolated a strain of Geobacter sulfurreducens which

Lovley, Derek

107

Proposal for the Award of a Contract for the Supply of 13 kA, 190 V Thyristor Power Converters for the LHC  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This document concerns the award of a contract for the supply of nine 13 kA, 190 V thyristor 2-quadrant power converters for the LHC. Following a market survey carried out among 99 firms in nineteen Member States, a call for tenders (IT-2942/SL/LHC) was sent on 25 October 2002 to seven firms in four Member States. By the closing date, CERN had received four tenders from four firms in three Member States. The Finance Committee is invited to agree to the negotiation of a contract with OCEM (IT), the lowest bidder, for the supply of nine 13 kA, 190 V thyristor power converters for a total amount of 2 006 931 Swiss francs, not subject to revision. The firm has indicated the following distribution by country of the contract value covered by this adjudication proposal: IT - 80%; FR - 5%; CH - 5%; Other - 10%.

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Thermionic converter  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A thermionic converter is set forth which includes an envelope having an electron collector structure attached adjacent to a wall. An electron emitter structure is positioned adjacent the collector structure and spaced apart from opposite wall. The emitter and collector structures are in a common chamber. The emitter structure is heated substantially only by thermal radiation. Very small interelectrode gaps can be maintained utilizing the thermionic converter whereby increased efficiency results. 10 figs.

Fitzpatrick, G.O.

1987-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

109

Utility-Scale Solar Power Converter: Agile Direct Grid Connect Medium Voltage 4.7-13.8 kV Power Converter for PV Applications Utilizing Wide Band Gap Devices  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Solar ADEPT Project: Satcon is developing a compact, lightweight power conversion device that is capable of taking utility-scale solar power and outputting it directly into the electric utility grid at distribution voltage levels—eliminating the need for large transformers. Transformers “step up” the voltage of the power that is generated by a solar power system so it can be efficiently transported through transmission lines and eventually “stepped down” to usable voltages before it enters homes and businesses. Power companies step up the voltage because less electricity is lost along transmission lines when the voltage is high and current is low. Satcon’s new power conversion devices will eliminate these heavy transformers and connect a utility-scale solar power system directly to the grid. Satcon’s modular devices are designed to ensure reliability—if one device fails it can be bypassed and the system can continue to run.

None

2012-01-25T23:59:59.000Z

110

Low-power adaptive control scheme using switching activity measurement method for reconfigurable analog-to-digital converters   

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Power consumption is a critical issue for portable devices. The ever-increasing demand for multimode wireless applications and the growing concerns towards power-aware green technology make dynamically reconfigurable hardware an attractive solution...

Ab Razak, Mohd Zulhakimi

2014-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

111

Brussels, Belgium, November 19-22, 2012 Application of an e-machine emulator for power converter  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

synchronous motor (PMSM) is preferred by many automobile manu- factures due to its high efficiency and power

Paderborn, Universität

112

Exploration of On-Chip Switched-Capacitor DC-DC Converter for Multicore Processors Using a Distributed Power Delivery  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

%) and minimal parasitic losses. Prior work has not adequately studied the layout implications of on-chip power to the utilization points (it is for this reason that decoupling capacitors ­ which deliver power based on stored a Distributed Power Delivery Network Pingqiang Zhou, Dong Jiao, Chris H. Kim and Sachin S. Sapatnekar Department

Sapatnekar, Sachin

113

Thermionic converter  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A thermionic converter (10) is set forth which includes an envelope (12) having an electron collector structure (22) attached adjacent to a wall (16). An electron emitter structure (24) is positioned adjacent the collector structure (22) and spaced apart from opposite wall (14). The emitter (24) and collector (22) structures are in a common chamber (20). The emitter structure (24) is heated substantially only by thermal radiation. Very small interelectrode gaps (28) can be maintained utilizing the thermionic converter (10) whereby increased efficiency results.

Fitzpatrick, Gary O. (Livermore, CA)

1987-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

114

Reliable, Efficient and Cost-Effective Electric Power Converter for Small Wind Turbines Based on AC-link Technology  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Grid-tied inverter power electronics have been an Achilles heel of the small wind industry, providing opportunity for new technologies to provide lower costs, greater efficiency, and improved reliability. The small wind turbine market is also moving towards the 50-100kW size range. The unique AC-link power conversion technology provides efficiency, reliability, and power quality advantages over existing technologies, and Princeton Power will adapt prototype designs used for industrial asynchronous motor control to a 50kW small wind turbine design.

Darren Hammell; Mark Holveck; DOE Project Officer - Keith Bennett

2006-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

A variable parameter thermionic energy converter  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A VARIABLE PARAMETER THERMIONIC ENERGY CONVERTER A Thesis By Bobby Joe Bragg Submitted to the Graduate School of the Texas A 8c M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August, 1967 Major... LIST OF FIGURES FIGURE 1. SIMPLE SCHEMATIC OF A THERMIONIC CONVERTER PAGE 2. POWER VS SPACING WITH A MINIMUM POWER POINT 3. POWER VS SPACING WITH NO MINIMUM POWER POINT 4. CONVERTER MOTIVE DIAGRAM~ O'E = 5. CONVERTER MOTIVE DIAGRAM~ 6. CONVERTER...

Bragg, Bobby Joe

1967-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Thyristor converter simulation and analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this paper we present a simulation on thyristor converters. The simulation features nonlinearity, non-uniform firing, and the commutations. Several applications such as a current regulation, a converter frequency characteristics analysis, and a power line disturbance analysis will be presented. 4 refs., 4 figs.

Zhang, S.Y.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

Design of an input filter for power factor correction (PFC) AC to DC converters employing an active ripple cancellation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An active input filter for power factor correction (PFC) circuit employing ripple current cancellation is proposed to reduce the filter`s size and cost.Switching ripple current can be filtered by an active circuit from the line current. A single stage passive filter with the active filter compensation circuit, a high filter can be synthesized to meet the electromagnetic interference (EMI) and power factor requirements. Analysis of the active filter and design procedure are detailed. Simulation result is presented to verify the high order filter characteristics of proposed scheme.

Lee, D.Y.; Cho, B.H. [Seoul National Univ. (Korea, Republic of). Electrical Engineering Dept.

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

118

Design and analysis of modern three-phase AC/AC power converters for AC drives and utility interface  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

output current/voltage waveforms and fast dynamic response in high power areas. A new topology and control scheme for a six-step current source inverter is proposed. The proposed topology utilizes a small voltage source inverter, to turn off main...

Kwak, Sangshin

2005-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

119

Proposal for the award of a contract for the supply of four-quadrant switched-mode power converters rated at ± 120, ± 10V for the LHC  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This document concerns the award of a contract for the supply of power converters rated at ±120A, ±10V for the LHC. Following a market survey carried out among 147 firms in nineteen Member States, a call for tenders (IT-3037/AB/LHC) was sent on 5 May 2003 to 10 firms and three consortia, each consisting of two firms, in nine Member States. By the closing date, CERN had received nine tenders from nine firms in seven Member States. The Finance Committee is invited to agree to the negotiation of a contract with EFACEC (PT), the lowest conforming bidder after realignment, for the supply of 339 four-quadrant switched-mode power modules and 110 racks for a total amount of 1 652 128 euros (2 534 894 Swiss francs), not subject to revision, with an option for the supply of additional power modules and racks, for a total amount of 142 846 euros (219 171 Swiss francs), subject to revision for inflation from 1 January 2006, bringing the total amount to a maximum of 1 794 974 euros (2 754 065 Swiss francs). The rate of ...

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Thermionic converter  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A thermionic converter is described comprising: an envelope having first and second walls spaced apart from one another. The envelope defines an enclosed chamber; an electron collector structure attached adjacent to the second wall; an electron emitter structure, located adjacent the collector structure and between the collector structure and the first wall. At least a respective one of the collector structure and the emitter structure comprise elements, each of the elements along with a respective other of the collector structure and the emitter structure defining interelectrode gaps at least when the emitter structure is above a selected temperature. The emitter structure is spaced a distance away from the first wall and is positioned to receive substantially only thermal radiation.

Fitzpatrick, G.O.

1987-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "module-integrated power converters" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Cycloidal Wave Energy Converter  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This program allowed further advancing the development of a novel type of wave energy converter, a Cycloidal Wave Energy Converter or CycWEC. A CycWEC consists of one or more hydrofoils rotating around a central shaft, and operates fully submerged beneath the water surface. It operates under feedback control sensing the incoming waves, and converts wave power to shaft power directly without any intermediate power take off system. Previous research consisting of numerical simulations and two dimensional small 1:300 scale wave flume experiments had indicated wave cancellation efficiencies beyond 95%. The present work was centered on construction and testing of a 1:10 scale model and conducting two testing campaigns in a three dimensional wave basin. These experiments allowed for the first time for direct measurement of electrical power generated as well as the interaction of the CycWEC in a three dimensional environment. The Atargis team successfully conducted two testing campaigns at the Texas A&M Offshore Technology Research Center and was able to demonstrate electricity generation. In addition, three dimensional wave diffraction results show the ability to achieve wave focusing, thus increasing the amount of wave power that can be extracted beyond what was expected from earlier two dimensional investigations. Numerical results showed wave cancellation efficiencies for irregular waves to be on par with results for regular waves over a wide range of wave lengths. Using the results from previous simulations and experiments a full scale prototype was designed and its performance in a North Atlantic wave climate of average 30kW/m of wave crest was estimated. A full scale WEC with a blade span of 150m will deliver a design power of 5MW at an estimated levelized cost of energy (LCOE) in the range of 10-17 US cents per kWh. Based on the new results achieved in the 1:10 scale experiments these estimates appear conservative and the likely performance at full scale will exceed this initial performance estimates. In advancing the Technology Readiness Level (TRL) of this type of wave energy converter from 3 to 4, we find the CycWEC to exceed our initial estimates in terms of hydrodynamic performance. Once fully developed and optimized, it has the potential to not just outperform all other WEC technologies, but to also deliver power at a lower LCOE than competing conventional renewables like wind and solar. Given the large wave power resource both domestically and internationally, this technology has the potential to lead to a large improvement in our ability to produce clean electricity at affordable cost.

Stefan G. Siegel, Ph.D.

2012-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

122

Proposal for the Award of a Contract for the Supply of 13 kA and 20.5 kA, 18 V Switched-Mode Power Converters for the LHC  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This document concerns the award of a contract for the supply of 13 kA and 20.5 kA, 18 V switched-mode power converters using sub-converters of 3.25 kA. Following a market survey (MS-2866/SL/LHC) carried out among 81 firms in seventeen Member States and a call for tenders for prototypes (IT-2919/SL/LHC) sent on 11 June 2001, a call for tenders for the supply of the pre-series and series of 13 kA and 20.5 kA, 18 V switched-mode power converters both using sub-converters of 3.25 kA was sent to two firms on 17 September 2002. The Finance Committee is invited to agree to the negotiation of a contract with TRANSTECHNIK (DE), the only firm that has delivered a successfully qualifying prototype, for the supply of eighteen 13 kA and one 20.5 kA, 18 V switched-mode power converters and spares for a total amount of 4 607 731 euros (6 747 300 Swiss francs), not subject to revision. The rate of exchange used is that stipulated in the tender. The firm has indicated the following distribution by country of the contract val...

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Bidirectional buck boost converter  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A bidirectional buck boost converter and method of operating the same allows regulation of power flow between first and second voltage sources in which the voltage level at each source is subject to change and power flow is independent of relative voltage levels. In one embodiment, the converter is designed for hard switching while another embodiment implements soft switching of the switching devices. In both embodiments, first and second switching devices are serially coupled between a relatively positive terminal and a relatively negative terminal of a first voltage source with third and fourth switching devices serially coupled between a relatively positive terminal and a relatively negative terminal of a second voltage source. A free-wheeling diode is coupled, respectively, in parallel opposition with respective ones of the switching devices. An inductor is coupled between a junction of the first and second switching devices and a junction of the third and fourth switching devices. Gating pulses supplied by a gating circuit selectively enable operation of the switching devices for transferring power between the voltage sources. In the second embodiment, each switching device is shunted by a capacitor and the switching devices are operated when voltage across the device is substantially zero. 20 figs.

Esser, A.A.M.

1998-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

124

High voltage photovoltaic power converter  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An array of independently connected photovoltaic cells on a semi-insulating substrate contains reflective coatings between the cells to enhance efficiency. A uniform, flat top laser beam profile is illuminated upon the array to produce electrical current having high voltage. An essentially wireless system includes a laser energy source being fed through optic fiber and cast upon the photovoltaic cell array to prevent stray electrical signals prior to use of the current from the array. Direct bandgap, single crystal semiconductor materials, such as GaAs, are commonly used in the array. Useful applications of the system include locations where high voltages are provided to confined spaces such as in explosive detonation, accelerators, photo cathodes and medical appliances.

Haigh, Ronald E. (Arvada, CO); Wojtczuk, Steve (Cambridge, MA); Jacobson, Gerard F. (Livermore, CA); Hagans, Karla G. (Livermore, CA)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

Combustion converter design evolution  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The early thermionic converters used hemispherical one-inch-diameter hot shells. They were extensively tested in a natural gas, high-temperature furnace. A converter was life tested for 12,500 hours at emitter temperatures above 1700 K. Two-inch diameter converters with both hemispherical and torispherical shapes were developed next. These converters have been tested in both natural gas-, oil-, and coal-oil slurry-fired environments. A prototype converter for cogeneration applications was also developed using this emitter configuration. A six converter module of cogeneration converters has been constructed.

Goodale, D.B.; Miskolczy, G.

1984-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

A transient model for a cesium vapor thermionic converter. [Cs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper presents an analytical model for simulating the transient and steady-state operation of cesium vapor thermionic converters. A parametric analysis is performed to assess the transient response of the converter to changes in fission power and width of interelectrode gap. The model optimizes the converter performance for maximum electric power to the load.(AIP)

El-Genk, M.S.; Murray, C.S.; Chaudhuri, S. (Institute for Space Nuclear Power Studies, Department of Chemical and Nuclear Engineering, The University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico (USA))

1991-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

127

Characteristics of two thermionic converters with oxide collectors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Thermionic converters built with selected metal oxide coatings on their collectors have given enhanced performance at interelectrode spacings greater than 0.25 mm. The capability of such converters to operate efficiently at large interelectrode spacings is of interest for in-core thermionic power systems. Performance data are reported from one converter built with a collector having a coating of molybdenum sublimed in oxygen and a second converter containing an oxidized zirconium collector. The molybdenum oxide collector converter demonstrated enhanced performance.

Smith, E.A.; Huffman, F.N.

1984-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

PESC'99, Charleston, South Carolina, June 27 July 1, pp. 393-399. A Multilevel Converter-Based Universal Power Conditioner  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, and reactive power compensation. Level usage in the series inverter and parallel inverter is analyzed that the customer can impose on the utility. To meet the objectives detailed in these new premium power agreements- clamped inverter into a universal power conditioner is an enticing prospect. A multilevel universal power

Tolbert, Leon M.

129

An evaluation of a parallel-resonant current-source converter for an electrothermal thruster  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Parallel-Resonant Current-Source Converter promises highly efficient DCDC power conversion. It uses zero-voltage switching to reduce the losses and improve the converter efficiency. The Parallel-Resonant Current-Source Converter has been...

Tchamdjou, Aristide-Marie

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

2552 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER ELECTRONICS, VOL. 22, NO. 6, NOVEMBER 2007 Small-Signal Discrete-Time Modeling of Digitally Controlled PWM Converters  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2552 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER ELECTRONICS, VOL. 22, NO. 6, NOVEMBER 2007 Small-Signal Discrete was supported through the Colorado Power Electronics Center. Recommended for publication by Associate Editor R. Teodorescu. The authors are with the Colorado Power Electronics Center, Electrical and Computer Engineering

131

Abstract--This paper presents the harmonic analysis of offshore wind farm (OWF) models with full converters  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to the transmission system by long HV cables. This generates advantages such as higher power system reliability with an induction generator and a full- scale converter. Full-rated power converter applied in wind turbines is used the converter to find a broad application in the wind power industry. This kind of power converter includes

Bak, Claus Leth

132

active npc converter: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Solid State Transformer Engineering Websites Summary: converters as distribution transformers 1. A power electronics-based solid state transformer (SST) providesAc-Ac Dual...

133

ITER convertible blanket evaluation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Proposed International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER) convertible blankets were reviewed. Key design difficulties were identified. A new particle filter concept is introduced and key performance parameters estimated. Results show that this particle filter concept can satisfy all of the convertible blanket design requirements except the generic issue of Be blanket lifetime. If the convertible blanket is an acceptable approach for ITER operation, this particle filter option should be a strong candidate.

Wong, C.P.C.; Cheng, E.

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Universal thermochemical energy converter  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Disclosed are methods and apparatus for a thermochemical closed cycle employing a polyatomic, chemically active working fluid for converting heat energy into useful work.

Labinov, Solomon Davidovich (Oak Ridge, TN); Sand, James R. (Oak Ridge, TN); Conklin, James C. (Knoxville, TN); VanCoevering, James (Oak Ridge, TN); Courville, George E. (Oak Ridge, TN)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

WBG Converters and Chargers  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

* Finish - FY16 * 38 % complete * Reducing onboard battery charger and dc-dc converter cost, weight, and volume * Achieving high efficiency * Overcoming limitations of present...

136

Comparison of 3 Self-Starting Step-Up DC:DC Converter Topologies for Harvesting Energy from Low-Voltage and Low-Power Microbial Fuel Cells  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-Voltage and Low-Power Microbial Fuel Cells Nicolas Degrenne1, Bruno Allard2, François Buret1, Florent Morel1.surname@ec-lyon.fr, 2firstname.surname@insa-lyon.fr Keywords «Fuel cell system», , «switched-mode power supply are made according to specifications issued from the stringent characteristics of microbial fuel cells

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

137

Collector for thermionic energy converter  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An improved collector is provided for a thermionic energy converter. The collector comprises a p-type layer of a semiconductor material formed on an n-type layer of a semiconductor material. The p-n junction is maintained in a forward biased condition. The electron affinity of the exposed surface of the p-type layer is effectively lowered to a low level near zero by the presence of a work function lowering activator. The dissipation of energy during collection is reduced by the passage of electrons through the p-type layer in the metastable conduction band state. A significant portion of the electron current remains at the potential of the fermi level of the n-type layer rather than dropping to the fermi level of the p-type layer. Less energy is therefore dissipated as heat and a higher net power output is delivered from a thermionic energy converter incorporating the collector.

Bell, R.L.

1981-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

138

Auxiliary resonant DC tank converter  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An auxiliary resonant dc tank (ARDCT) converter is provided for achieving soft-switching in a power converter. An ARDCT circuit is coupled directly across a dc bus to the inverter to generate a resonant dc bus voltage, including upper and lower resonant capacitors connected in series as a resonant leg, first and second dc tank capacitors connected in series as a tank leg, and an auxiliary resonant circuit comprising a series combination of a resonant inductor and a pair of auxiliary switching devices. The ARDCT circuit further includes first clamping means for holding the resonant dc bus voltage to the dc tank voltage of the tank leg, and second clamping means for clamping the resonant dc bus voltage to zero during a resonant period. The ARDCT circuit resonantly brings the dc bus voltage to zero in order to provide a zero-voltage switching opportunity for the inverter, then quickly rebounds the dc bus voltage back to the dc tank voltage after the inverter changes state. The auxiliary switching devices are turned on and off under zero-current conditions. The ARDCT circuit only absorbs ripples of the inverter dc bus current, thus having less current stress. In addition, since the ARDCT circuit is coupled in parallel with the dc power supply and the inverter for merely assisting soft-switching of the inverter without participating in real dc power transmission and power conversion, malfunction and failure of the tank circuit will not affect the functional operation of the inverter; thus a highly reliable converter system is expected.

Peng, Fang Z. (Knoxville, TN)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Evaluation of Maxim Module-Integrated Electronics at the DOE Regional Test Centers (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Module-embedded power electronics developed by Maxim Integrated are under evaluation through a partnership with the Department of Energy's Regional Test Center (RTC) program. Field deployments of both conventional modules and electronics-enhanced modules are designed to quantify the performance advantage of Maxim's products under different amounts of interrow shading, and their ability to be deployed at a greater ground-coverage ratio than conventional modules. Simulations in PVSYST have quantified the predicted performance difference between conventional modules and Maxim's modules from interrow shading. Initial performance results have identified diffuse irradiance losses at tighter row spacing for both the Maxim and conventional modules. Comparisons with published models show good agreement with models predicting the greatest diffuse irradiance losses. At tighter row spacing, all of the strings equipped with embedded power electronics outperformed their conventional peers. An even greater performance advantage is predicted to occur in the winter months when the amount of interrow shading mismatch is at a maximum.

Deline, C.; Sekulic, B.; Barkaszi, S.; Yang, J.; Kahn, S.

2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Microminiature thermionic converters  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Microminiature thermionic converts (MTCs) having high energy-conversion efficiencies and variable operating temperatures. Methods of manufacturing those converters using semiconductor integrated circuit fabrication and micromachine manufacturing techniques are also disclosed. The MTCs of the invention incorporate cathode to anode spacing of about 1 micron or less and use cathode and anode materials having work functions ranging from about 1 eV to about 3 eV. Existing prior art thermionic converter technology has energy conversion efficiencies ranging from 5-15%. The MTCs of the present invention have maximum efficiencies of just under 30%, and thousands of the devices can be fabricated at modest costs.

King, Donald B. (Albuquerque, NM); Sadwick, Laurence P. (Salt Lake City, UT); Wernsman, Bernard R. (Clairton, PA)

2001-09-25T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "module-integrated power converters" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Fuel-cell based power generating system having power conditioning apparatus  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A power conditioner includes power converters for supplying power to a load, a set of selection switches corresponding to the power converters for selectively connecting the fuel-cell stack to the power converters, and another set of selection switches corresponding to the power converters for selectively connecting the battery to the power converters. The power conveners output combined power that substantially optimally meets a present demand of the load.

Mazumder, Sudip K. (Chicago, IL); Pradhan, Sanjaya K. (Des Plaines, IL)

2010-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

142

Evaluation of Maxim Module-Integrated Electronics at the DOE Regional Test Centers: Preprint  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Module-embedded power electronics developed by Maxim Integrated are under evaluation through a partnership with the Department of Energy's Regional Test Center (RTC) program. Field deployments of both conventional modules and electronics-enhanced modules are designed to quantify the performance advantage of Maxim's products under different amounts of inter-row shading, and their ability to be deployed at a greater ground-coverage-ratio than conventional modules. Simulations in PVSYST have quantified the predicted performance difference between conventional modules and Maxim's modules from inter-row shading. Initial performance results have identified diffuse irradiance losses at tighter row spacing for both the Maxim and conventional modules. Comparisons with published models show good agreement with models predicting the greatest diffuse irradiance losses. At tighter row spacing, all of the strings equipped with embedded power electronics outperformed their conventional peers. An even greater performance advantage is predicted to occur in the winter months when the amount of inter-row shading mismatch is at a maximum.

Deline, C.; Sekulic, B.; Stein, J.; Barkaszi, S.; Yang, J.; Kahn, S.

2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

CERN-PS Main Power Converter Renovation How to Provide and Control the Large Flow of Energy for a Rapid Cyclic Machine?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The PS accelerator (Proton-Synchrotron) at CERN, which is part of the LHC injector chain, is composed of one hundred magnets connected in series. During a typical acceleration cycle (taking 2.4 seconds), the active power at the magnet terminals varies from plus to minus 40 MW. As this large active power variation was not acceptable to the electrical network, a motor-generator set (M-G) was inserted between the grid and the load. The M-G set (of 1968) acts as a fly-wheel with a stored kinetic energy of 233 MJ and the magnets are fed via two 12-pulse thyristor rectifiers. A renovation or replacement of the installation is planned in the near future as part of the consolidation of the LHC injectors to avoid any major breakdown, to improve overall availability and to reduce operation and maintenance costs. This paper presents a first comparison of technical solutions available to build such a power system and the strategy that will be applied for the up-grade of the system.

Bordry, Frederick; Völker, F V

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

External ionization mechanisms for advanced thermionic converters  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This work investigates ion generation and recombination mechanisms in the cesium plasma as they pertain to the advanced mode thermionic energy converter. The changes in plasma density and temperature within the converter have been studied under the influence of several promising auxiliary ionization candidate sources. Three novel approaches of external cesium ion generation have been investigated in some detail, namely vibrationally excited N/sub 2/ as are energy source of ionization of Cs ions in a dc discharge, microwave power as a means of resonant sustenance of the cesium plasma, and ion generation in a pulse N/sub 2/-Cs mixture. The experimental data obtained and discussed in this work show that all three techniques - i.e. the non-LTE high-voltage pulsing, the energy transfer from vibrationally excited diatomic gases, and the external pumping with a microwave power - have considerable promise as schemes in auxiliary ion generation applicable to the advanced thermionic energy converter.

Hatziprokopiou, M.E.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

Vector generator scan converter  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

High printing speeds for graphics data are achieved with a laser printer by transmitting compressed graphics data from a main processor over an I/O channel to a vector generator scan converter which reconstructs a full graphics image for input to the laser printer through a raster data input port. The vector generator scan converter includes a microprocessor with associated microcode memory containing a microcode instruction set, a working memory for storing compressed data, vector generator hardware for drawing a full graphic image from vector parameters calculated by the microprocessor, image buffer memory for storing the reconstructed graphics image and an output scanner for reading the graphics image data and inputting the data to the printer. The vector generator scan converter eliminates the bottleneck created by the I/O channel for transmitting graphics data from the main processor to the laser printer, and increases printer speed up to thirty fold. 7 figs.

Moore, J.M.; Leighton, J.F.

1988-02-05T23:59:59.000Z

146

Vector generator scan converter  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

High printing speeds for graphics data are achieved with a laser printer by transmitting compressed graphics data from a main processor over an I/O (input/output) channel to a vector generator scan converter which reconstructs a full graphics image for input to the laser printer through a raster data input port. The vector generator scan converter includes a microprocessor with associated microcode memory containing a microcode instruction set, a working memory for storing compressed data, vector generator hardward for drawing a full graphic image from vector parameters calculated by the microprocessor, image buffer memory for storing the reconstructed graphics image and an output scanner for reading the graphics image data and inputting the data to the printer. The vector generator scan converter eliminates the bottleneck created by the I/O channel for transmitting graphics data from the main processor to the laser printer, and increases printer speed up to thirty fold.

Moore, James M. (Livermore, CA); Leighton, James F. (Livermore, CA)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

Integrated Solar Upper Stage (ISUS) thermionic converter string evaluation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A serial string of eighth (8) thermionic converters were performance tested at New Mexico Engineering Research Institute (NMERI) by Frank Wyant et al1. The tests results from the second String Thermionic Assembly Research Testbed (START II) produced less than one half the expected power based on individual converter performance tests. Seven of the eight converters were returned to Lockheed Martin Information Systems-EOS for performance evaluation. Six of the seven produced nominal performance while the seventh converter showed a drastic reduction in performance due to a cesium leak to atmosphere. Several models were proposed to explain why the individual converter performance differed so markedly from the START II serial array. This paper discusses the models, evaluates model validity and compares the models with results from a tow converter serial test using of the returned START II converters.

Talbot, G.J.; Ramsey, W.D.; Chao, C.J.

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

Liquid metal thermal electric converter  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A liquid metal thermal electric converter which converts heat energy to electrical energy. The design of the liquid metal thermal electric converter incorporates a unique configuration which directs the metal fluid pressure to the outside of the tube which results in the structural loads in the tube to be compressive. A liquid metal thermal electric converter refluxing boiler with series connection of tubes and a multiple cell liquid metal thermal electric converter are also provided.

Abbin, Joseph P. (Albuquerque, NM); Andraka, Charles E. (Albuquerque, NM); Lukens, Laurance L. (Albuquerque, NM); Moreno, James B. (Albuquerque, NM)

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Design of series-parallel connected thermionic converter arrays  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Applications of thermionic converters require that a large number of converters be connected together in a series-parallel array in order to provide a useful output voltage. Such an array also serves to insure a very high overall system reliability, despite possible failures of individual converters. This paper predicts the effects of a nonuniform distribution of input power on the performance of such an array. 9 refs.

Mcvey, J.B.; Britt, E.J.; Fitzpatrick, G.O.; Dick, R.S.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Design and operation of a thermionic converter in air  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An electrically heated thermionic converter has been designed, built and successfully tested in air. Several unique features were incorporated in this converter: an integral cesium reservoir, innovative ceramic-to-metal seals, a heat rejection system coupling the collector to a low temperature heat sink and an innovative cylindrical heater filament. The converter was operated for extended periods of time with the emitter at about 1900 K. the collector at about 700 K, and a power density of over 2 w(e)/sq. cm. Input power transients were run between 50% and 100% thermal power, at up to 1% per second, without instabilities in performance.

Horner, M.H.; Begg, L.L.; Smith, J.N. Jr. [General Atomics, San Diego, CA (United States); Geller, C.B.; Kallnowski, J.E. [Westinghouse Electric Corp., West Mifflin, PA (United States). Bettis Atomic Power Lab.

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

A Generalized Class of Stationary Frame-Current Controllers for Grid-Connected AC–DC Converters  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Within power systems, high-power pulsewidth-modulated ac-dc converters are used in flexible ac transmission systems controllers and for interfacing renewable energy sources to the grid. These converters traditionally ...

Hwang, J. George

152

Ac-Ac Dual Active Bridge Converter for Solid State Transformer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

flow. The advantages of direct ac-ac conversion include fewer power conversion stages and minimized single-stage direct ac-ac power conversion to an SST. Fewer conversion stages reduce conduction loss) converter in direct ac-ac power conversion. Like a DAB converter as dc-dc power supply in [5] and [6

Kimball, Jonathan W.

153

DC systems with transformerless converters  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A technical and economic feasibility study of HVDC systems without converter transformers is presented. The presentation includes proposed solutions to the drawback related to the absence of galvanic separation between the ac and dc systems, if the converter transformers are eliminated. The results show that HVDC systems without converter transformers are both technically and economically feasible. The cost savings can be substantial.

Vithayathil, J.J.; Mittlestadt, W. [Bonneville Power Administration, Portland, OR (United States)] [Bonneville Power Administration, Portland, OR (United States); Bjoerklund, P.E. [ABB Power Systems AB, Ludvika (Sweden)] [ABB Power Systems AB, Ludvika (Sweden)

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

Thermionic electric converter  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A thermionic electric converter is disclosed wherein an externally located heat source causes electrons to be boiled off an electron emissive surface interiorly positioned on one end wall of an evacuated cylindrical chamber. The electrons are electrically focused and accelerated through the interior of an air core induction coil located within a transverse magnetic field, and subsequently are collected on the other end wall of the chamber functioning as a collecting plate. The emf generated in the induction coil by action of the transiting electron stream interacting with the transverse magnetic field is applied to an external circuit to perform work, thereby implementing a direct heat energy to electrical energy conversion.

Davis, E.D.

1981-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Solar thermionic energy converter experiment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A one-inch CVD converter was solar tested in a central receiver heliostat array at the Advanced Components Test Facility at the Georgia Institute of Technology. The test examined heat flux cycling control of the operating point and mounting arrangements. The converter was mounted directly in the solar image with no cavity. The input heat flux was 40-60 W/cm/sup 2/. The converter performance was comparable to combustion measurements made on the same diode. Thermal cycling caused no problems with converter operation. The converter showed no degradation after the test.

Goodale, D.; Lieb, D.; Neale, D.

1982-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

MODULAR MULTI-LEVEL CONVERTER BASED HVDC SYSTEM FOR GRID CONNECTION OF OFFSHORE WIND  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MODULAR MULTI-LEVEL CONVERTER BASED HVDC SYSTEM FOR GRID CONNECTION OF OFFSHORE WIND POWER PLANT U off-shore wind power plants. The MMC consists of a large number of simple voltage sourced converter offshore wind power plants (WPP) because they offer higher energy yield due to a superior wind profile

Chaudhary, Sanjay

157

A High Efficiency DC-DC Converter Topology Suitable for Distributed Large Commercial and Utility Scale PV Systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this paper a DC-DC power converter for distributed photovoltaic plant architectures is presented. The proposed converter has the advantages of simplicity, high efficiency, and low cost. High efficiency is achieved by having a portion of the input PV power directly fed forward to the output without being processed by the converter. The operation of this converter also allows for a simplified maximum power point tracker design using fewer measurements

Mohammed S. Agamy; Maja Harfman-Todorovic; Ahmed Elasser; Robert L. Steigerwald; Juan A. Sabate; Song Chi; Adam J. McCann; Li Zhang; Frank Mueller

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

E-Print Network 3.0 - analog-to-digital converters Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

ARCHITECTURE FOR MASKED SUCCESSIVE Summary: performance, low power, and low electromagnetic interference (EMI) analog-to-digital converters (ADCs) has led... and A. Zayegh, "A...

159

Reliability Assessment of Fault-Tolerant Dc-Dc Converters for Photovoltaic Applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Reliability Assessment of Fault-Tolerant Dc-Dc Converters for Photovoltaic Applications Sairaj V performance and reliability analysis of switch-mode, dc-dc power converters employed as front ends of the converter's steady-state operation on device failure rates. Markov reliability models are derived to assess

Liberzon, Daniel

160

Modeling and Analysis of Hybrid Converters Michael Evzelman Shmuel (Sam) Ben-Yaakov  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the characteristics of hybrid converters. Renewable energy sources such as a single PV panel have, in general, a lowModeling and Analysis of Hybrid Converters Michael Evzelman Shmuel (Sam) Ben-Yaakov Power.ee.bgu.ac.il/~pel/ Abstract--A generic behavioral average-circuit model that analyzes hybrid converters that include

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "module-integrated power converters" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Hybrid Control of a Three-Cell Converter Associated to an Inductive Load  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

3519 Hybrid Control of a Three-Cell Converter Associated to an Inductive Load M. Trabelsi, J of the proposed method. - Dynamic Hybrid Systems, Multi-cell converter, Hybrid control, Digital Signal Processing a class of Hybrid Dynamic Systems (HDS). In the field of power electronics, static converters associated

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

162

A 660MHz ZVS DC-DC Converter Using Gate-Driver Charge-Recycling in 0.18m  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

allows full integration of these power supplies. To compensate for the switching power loss under high switch mode power converters, zero voltage switching (ZVS) operation is used to reduce dynamic power loss

Lemieux, Guy

163

A computer program for HVDC converter station RF noise calculations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

HVDC converter station operations generate radio frequency (RF) electromagnetic (EM) noise which could interfere with adjacent communication and computer equipment, and carrier system operations. A generic Radio Frequency Computer Analysis Program (RAFCAP) for calculating the EM noise generated by valve ignition of a converter station has been developed as part of a larger project. The program calculates RF voltages, currents, complex power, ground level electric field strength and magnetic flux density in and around an HVDC converter station. The program requires the converter station network to be represented by frequency dependent impedance functions. Comparisons of calculated and measured values are given for an actual HVDC station to illustrate the validity of the program. RAFCAP is designed to be used by engineers for the purpose of calculating the RF noise produced by the igniting of HVDC converter valves.

Kasten, D.G.; Caldecott, R.; Sebo, S.A. (Ohio State Univ., Columbus, OH (United States). Dept. of Electrical Engineering); Liu, Y. (Virginia Polytechnic Inst. State Univ., Blacksburg, VA (United States). Bradley Dept. of Electrical Engineering)

1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Catalytic converter with thermoelectric generator  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The unique design of an electrically heated catalyst (EHC) and the inclusion of an ECO valve in the exhaust of an internal combustion engine will meet the strict new emission requirements, especially at vehicle cold start, adopted by several states in this country as well as in Europe and Japan. The catalytic converter (CC) has been a most useful tool in pollution abatement for the automobile. But the emission requirements are becoming more stringent and, along with other improvements, the CC must be improved to meet these new standards. Coupled with the ECO valve, the EHC can meet these new emission limits. In an internal combustion engine vehicle (ICEV), approximately 80% of the energy consumed leaves the vehicle as waste heat: out the tail pipe, through the radiator, or convected/radiated off the engine. Included with the waste heat out the tail pipe are the products of combustion which must meet strict emission requirements. The design of a new CC is presented here. This is an automobile CC that has the capability of producing electrical power and reducing the quantity of emissions at vehicle cold start, the Thermoelectric Catalytic Power Generator. The CC utilizes the energy of the exothermic reactions that take place in the catalysis substrate to produce electrical energy with a thermoelectric generator. On vehicle cold start, the thermoelectric generator is used as a heat pump to heat the catalyst substrate to reduce the time to catalyst light-off. Thus an electrically heated catalyst (EHC) will be used to augment the abatement of tail pipe emissions. Included with the EHC in the exhaust stream of the automobile is the ECO valve. This valve restricts the flow of pollutants out the tail pipe of the vehicle for a specified amount of time until the EHC comes up to operating temperature. Then the ECO valve opens and allows the full exhaust, now treated by the EHC, to leave the vehicle.

Parise, R.J.

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Cycling firing method for bypass operation of bridge converters  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The bridge converter comprises a number of switching elements and an electronic logic system which regulated the electric power levels by controlling the firing, i.e., the initiation of the conduction period of the switching elements. Cyclic firing of said elements allows the direct current to bypass the alternating current system with high power factor and negligible losses.

Zabar, Zivan (99-72 66th Rd., Apt. 9N, Forest Hills, NY 11375)

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Design issues for high voltage converters for ion engines  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A design strategy is presented for a power converter for a high voltage ion engine for a spacecraft application. Various design issues such as appropriate topologies and control methods are considered. In this particular instance it was determined that a full bridge converter with phase shift gating and voltage mode control provided an efficient system with a minimum of electromagnetic interference. This system can be implemented in a straightforward manner, and it is relatively easy to protect from faults at the output.

King, R.J.; Stuart, T.A. [Univ. of Toledo, OH (United States)

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

167

Traction Drive System for Electric Vehicles, Using Multilevel Converters Juan W. Dixon, Micah Ortzar and Felipe Ros  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Traction Drive System for Electric Vehicles, Using Multilevel Converters Juan W. Dixon, Micah converters for electric vehicles using multilevel inverters. They are being compared with inverters using. Introduction Power Electronics technologies contribute with important part in the development of electric

Catholic University of Chile (Universidad Católica de Chile)

168

Thermionic converter temperature controller  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method and apparatus for controlling the temperature of a thermionic reactor over a wide range of operating power, including a thermionic reactor having a plurality of integral cesium reservoirs, a honeycomb material disposed about the reactor which has a plurality of separated cavities, a solid sheath disposed about the honeycomb material and having an opening therein communicating with the honeycomb material and cavities thereof, and a shell disposed about the sheath for creating a coolant annulus therewith so that the coolant in the annulus may fill the cavities and permit nucleate boiling during the operation of the reactor.

Shaner, Benjamin J. (McMurray, PA); Wolf, Joseph H. (Pittsburgh, PA); Johnson, Robert G. R. (Trafford, PA)

2001-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

169

Thermionic Converter Temperature Controller  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A method and apparatus for controlling the temperature of a thermionic reactor over a wide range of operating power, including a thermionic reactor having a plurality of integral cesium reservoirs, a honeycomb material disposed about the reactor which has a plurality of separated cavities, a solid sheath disposed about the honeycomb material and having an opening therein communicating with the honeycomb material and cavities thereof, and a shell disposed about the sheath for creating a coolant annulus therewith so that the coolant in the annulus may fill the cavities and permit nucleate boiling during the operation of the reactor.

Shaner,B. J.; Wolf, Joseph H.; Johnson, Robert G. R.

1999-08-23T23:59:59.000Z

170

Generic and Unified Model of Switched Capacitor Converters Sam Ben-Yaakov  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Capacitor Converters (SCC) suffer from a fundamental power loss deficiency which makes their use in some applications prohibitive. The power loss is due to the inherent energy dissipation when a capacitor is charged

171

Thermionic-photovoltaic energy converter  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A thermionic-photovoltaic energy conversion device comprises a thermionic diode mounted within a hollow tubular photovoltaic converter. The thermionic diode maintains a cesium discharge for producing excited atoms that emit line radiation in the wavelength region of 850 nm to 890 nm. The photovoltaic converter is a silicon or galium arsenide photovoltaic cell having bandgap energies in this same wavelength region for optimum cell efficiency.

Chubb, D. L.

1985-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

172

High-Speed Electro-Optic Modulator Integrated with Graphene-Boron Nitride Heterostructure and Photonic Crystal Nanocavity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nanoscale and power-efficient electro-optic (EO) modulators are essential components for optical interconnects that are beginning to replace electrical wiring for intra- and inter-chip communications. Silicon-based EO modulators show sufficient figures of merits regarding device footprint, speed, power consumption and modulation depth. However, the weak electro-optic effect of silicon still sets a technical bottleneck for these devices, motivating the development of modulators based on new materials. Graphene, a two-dimensional carbon allotrope, has emerged as an alternative active material for optoelectronic applications owing to its exceptional optical and electronic properties. Here, we demonstrate a high-speed graphene electro-optic modulator based on a graphene-boron nitride (BN) heterostructure integrated with a silicon photonic crystal nanocavity. Strongly enhanced light-matter interaction of graphene in a submicron cavity enables efficient electrical tuning of the cavity reflection. We observe a modul...

Gao, Yuanda; Gan, Xuetao; Li, Luozhou; Peng, Cheng; Meric, Inanc; Wang, Lei; Szep, Attila; Walker, Dennis; Hone, James; Englund, Dirk

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Converting Biomass to High-Value Feedstocks  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Converting Biomass to High-Value Feedstocks Advanced feedstocks play an important role in economically and efficiently converting biomass into bioenergy products. Advanced...

174

Voltage balanced multilevel voltage source converter system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A voltage balanced multilevel converter for high power AC applications such as adjustable speed motor drives and back-to-back DC intertie of adjacent power systems. This converter provides a multilevel rectifier, a multilevel inverter, and a DC link between the rectifier and the inverter allowing voltage balancing between each of the voltage levels within the multilevel converter. The rectifier is equipped with at least one phase leg and a source input node for each of the phases. The rectifier is further equipped with a plurality of rectifier DC output nodes. The inverter is equipped with at least one phase leg and a load output node for each of the phases. The inverter is further equipped with a plurality of inverter DC input nodes. The DC link is equipped with a plurality of rectifier charging means and a plurality of inverter discharging means. The plurality of rectifier charging means are connected in series with one of the rectifier charging means disposed between and connected in an operable relationship with each adjacent pair of rectifier DC output nodes. The plurality of inverter discharging means are connected in series with one of the inverter discharging means disposed between and connected in an operable relationship with each adjacent pair of inverter DC input nodes. Each of said rectifier DC output nodes are individually electrically connected to the respective inverter DC input nodes. By this means, each of the rectifier DC output nodes and each of the inverter DC input nodes are voltage balanced by the respective charging and discharging of the rectifier charging means and the inverter discharging means.

Peng, Fang Zheng (Oak Ridge, TN); Lai, Jih-Sheng (Knoxville, TN)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

Voltage balanced multilevel voltage source converter system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Disclosed is a voltage balanced multilevel converter for high power AC applications such as adjustable speed motor drives and back-to-back DC intertie of adjacent power systems. This converter provides a multilevel rectifier, a multilevel inverter, and a DC link between the rectifier and the inverter allowing voltage balancing between each of the voltage levels within the multilevel converter. The rectifier is equipped with at least one phase leg and a source input node for each of the phases. The rectifier is further equipped with a plurality of rectifier DC output nodes. The inverter is equipped with at least one phase leg and a load output node for each of the phases. The inverter is further equipped with a plurality of inverter DC input nodes. The DC link is equipped with a plurality of rectifier charging means and a plurality of inverter discharging means. The plurality of rectifier charging means are connected in series with one of the rectifier charging means disposed between and connected in an operable relationship with each adjacent pair of rectifier DC output nodes. The plurality of inverter discharging means are connected in series with one of the inverter discharging means disposed between and connected in an operable relationship with each adjacent pair of inverter DC input nodes. Each of said rectifier DC output nodes are individually electrically connected to the respective inverter DC input nodes. By this means, each of the rectifier DC output nodes and each of the inverter DC input nodes are voltage balanced by the respective charging and discharging of the rectifier charging means and the inverter discharging means. 15 figs.

Peng, F.Z.; Lai, J.S.

1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

A Solid Core Heatpipe Reactor with Cylindrical Thermoelectric Converter Modules  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A nuclear space power system that consists of a solid metal nuclear reactor core with heat pipes carrying energy to a cylindrical thermoelectric converter surrounding each of the heat pipes with a heat pipe radiator surrounding the thermoelectric converter is the most simple and reliable space power system. This means no single point of failure since each heat pipe and cylindrical converter is a separate power system and if one fails it will not affect the others. The heat pipe array in the solid core is designed so that if an isolated heat pipe or even two adjacent heat pipes fail, the remaining heat pipes will still transport the core heat without undue overheating of the uranium nitride fuel. The primary emphasis in this paper is on simplicity, reliability and fabricability of such a space nuclear power source. The core and heat pipes are made of Niobium 1% Zirconium alloy (Nb1Zr), with rhenium lined fuel tubes, bonded together by hot isostatic pressure (HIPing) and with sodium as the heat pipe working fluid, can be operated up to 1250K. The cylindrical thermoelectric converter is made by depositing the constituents of the converter around a Nb1%Zr tube and encasing it in a Nb 1% Zr alloy tube and HIPing the structure to get final bonding and to produce residual compressive stresses in all brittle materials in the converter. A radiator heat pipe filled with potassium that operates at 850K is bonded to the outside of the cylindrical converter for cooling. The solid core heat pipe and cylindrical converter are mated by welding during the final assembly. A solid core reactor with 150 heat pipes with a 0.650-inch (1.65 cm) ID and a 30-inch (76.2 cm) length with an output of 8 Watts per square inch as demonstrated by the SP100 PD2 cell tests will produce about 80 KW of electrical power. An advanced solid core reactor made with molybdenum 47% rhenium alloy, with lithium heat pipes and the PD2 theoretical output of 11 watts per square inch or advanced higher temperature converter to operate at 1350K could produce a greater output of approximately 100KW.

Sayre, Edwin D. [218 Brooke Acres Drive, Los Gatos, CA 95032 (United States); Vaidyanathan, Sam [6663 Pomander Place, San Jose, CA 95120 (United States)

2006-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

177

E-Print Network 3.0 - ac-dc back-to-back converter Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Collection: Engineering 9 Abstract--In this paper a modular power electronic transformer (PET) for feeding sensitive loads is presented. Summary: is an ACDC converter...

178

A thermionic converter success story  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper summarizes the advanced out-of-core thermionic technology program being managed at Wright Laboratory: The Thermionic Critical Technology (TCT) Investigation. This program has been supported primarily by the United State Air Force for design and fabrication, and supported by Strategic Defense Initiative Organization (SDIO) for performance and life testing efforts. Converter design parameters, specifications, and performance testing data is summarized. Converters fabricated by Loral Electro Optical Systems (Loral EOS) under this program have exceeding performance requirements, and have demonstrated efficiencies as high as 14%.

Donovan, B.D.; Lamp, T.R. (Aerospace Power Division, Wright Laboratory Wright-Patterson AFB, OH 45433-6563 (United States)); Ramaligam, M.L. (UES, Inc. 4401 Dayton-Xenia Road, Dayton, OH 45432-1894 (United States))

1993-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

179

Progress on the 140 KV, 10 Megawatt Peak, 1 Megawatt Average Polyphase Quasi-Resonant Bridge, Boost Converter/Modulator for the Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) Klystron Power System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper describes electrical design and operational characteristics of a zero-voltage-switching 20 kHz polyphase bridge, boost converter/modulator for klystron pulse application. The DC-DC converter derives the buss voltages from a standard 13.8 kV to 2300 Y substation cast-core transformer. Energy storage and filtering is provided by self-clearing metallized hazy polypropylene traction capacitors. Three "H-Bridge" IGBT switching networks are used to generate the polyphase 20 kHz transformers primary drive waveforms. The 20 kHz drive waveforms are chirped the appropriate duration to generate the desired klystron pulse width. PWM (pulse width modulation) of the individual 20 kHz pulses is utilized to provide regulated output waveforms with adaptive feedforward and feedback techniques. The boost transformer design utilizes amorphous nanocrystalline material that provides the required low core loss at design flux levels and switching frequencies. Resonant shunt peaking is used on the transformer secondary to ...

Reass, W A; Gribble, R F; Lynch, M T; Tallerico, P J; Reass, William A.; Doss, James D.; Gribble, Robert F.; Lynch, Michael T.; Tallerico, Paul J.

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Performance Assessment of the Wave Dragon Wave Energy Converter  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Performance Assessment of the Wave Dragon Wave Energy Converter Based on the EquiMar Methodology S of the wave energy sector, device developers are called to provide reliable estimates on power performanceMar, Nissum Bredning, Hanstholm, North Sea, Ekofisk, Wave-to-wire, Wave energy. I. INTRODUCTION The wave

Hansen, René Rydhof

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "module-integrated power converters" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Coupled Dual Interleaved Flyback Converter for High Input Voltage Application  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

components, including transformers and inductors, significantly influences the overall profiles magnetic core to store the energy in the power transformer. A Flyback converter is a popular choice for low. All the center and outer legs are gapped, and the transformers are integrated into one magnetic core

Lehman, Brad

182

Development, evaluation, and design applications of an AMTEC converter model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of performance curves . . . . . . . 90 INTRODUCTION In the recent history of space exploration, space vehicles slated for missions that ventured into deep space, far from the sun, typically relied on Radioisotope Thermoelectric Generator (RTG) power sources... this need is a type of generator that uses technology known as alkali metal thermal-to-electric conversion (AMTEC). This device, like previous thermoelectric power systems, converts thermal energy directly to electricity. Developed at Ford Scientific...

Spence, Cliff Alan

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Charge-pump voltage converter  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A charge-pump voltage converter for converting a low voltage provided by a low-voltage source to a higher voltage. Charge is inductively generated on a transfer rotor electrode during its transit past an inductor stator electrode and subsequently transferred by the rotating rotor to a collector stator electrode for storage or use. Repetition of the charge transfer process leads to a build-up of voltage on a charge-receiving device. Connection of multiple charge-pump voltage converters in series can generate higher voltages, and connection of multiple charge-pump voltage converters in parallel can generate higher currents. Microelectromechanical (MEMS) embodiments of this invention provide a small and compact high-voltage (several hundred V) voltage source starting with a few-V initial voltage source. The microscale size of many embodiments of this invention make it ideally suited for MEMS- and other micro-applications where integration of the voltage or charge source in a small package is highly desirable.

Brainard, John P. (Albuquerque, NM); Christenson, Todd R. (Albuquerque, NM)

2009-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

184

Wind turbines convert the kinetic energy in moving air into rotational energy, which in turn is converted  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Wind turbines convert the kinetic energy in moving air into rotational energy, which in turn of electricity wind can make varies constantly. Sometimes a wind turbine will make no power at all is an indicator of how much energy a particular wind turbine makes in a particular place. Continued on page 2 #12

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

185

Control of Parallel-Connected Bidirectional AC-DC Converters in Stationary Frame for Microgrid  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Control of Parallel-Connected Bidirectional AC-DC Converters in Stationary Frame for Microgrid-- With the penetration of renewable energy in modern power system, microgrid has become a popular application worldwide. In this paper, parallel-connected bidirectional converters for AC and DC hybrid microgrid application

Teodorescu, Remus

186

SINGULAR PERTURBATION CONTROL FOR COORDINATION OF CONVERTERS IN A FUEL CELL SYSTEM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- In this paper, the converters coordination problem of a fuel cell system involving a hydrogen fuel cell (FC the problem of the power management of an hydrogen Fuel Cell (FC) system associated to a reversible impulseSINGULAR PERTURBATION CONTROL FOR COORDINATION OF CONVERTERS IN A FUEL CELL SYSTEM M. Ghanes1 , M

187

Portable convertible blast effects shield  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A rapidly deployable portable convertible blast effects shield/ballistic shield includes a set two or more frusto-conically-tapered telescoping rings operably connected to each other to convert between a telescopically-collapsed configuration for storage and transport, and a telescopically-extended upright configuration forming an expanded inner volume. In a first embodiment, the upright configuration provides blast effects shielding, such as against blast pressures, shrapnel, and/or fire balls. And in a second embodiment, the upright configuration provides ballistic shielding, such as against incoming weapons fire, shrapnel, etc. Each ring has a high-strength material construction, such as a composite fiber and matrix material, capable of substantially inhibiting blast effects and impinging projectiles from passing through the shield. And the set of rings are releasably securable to each other in the telescopically-extended upright configuration by the friction fit of adjacent pairs of frusto-conically-tapered rings to each other.

Pastrnak, John W. (Livermore, CA); Hollaway, Rocky (Modesto, CA); Henning, Carl D. (Livermore, CA); Deteresa, Steve (Livermore, CA); Grundler, Walter (Hayward, CA); Hagler, Lisle B. (Berkeley, CA); Kokko, Edwin (Dublin, CA); Switzer, Vernon A. (Livermore, CA)

2011-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

188

Portable convertible blast effects shield  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A rapidly deployable portable convertible blast effects shield/ballistic shield includes a set two or more telescoping cylindrical rings operably connected to each other to convert between a telescopically-collapsed configuration for storage and transport, and a telescopically-extended upright configuration forming an expanded inner volume. In a first embodiment, the upright configuration provides blast effects shielding, such as against blast pressures, shrapnel, and/or fire balls. And in a second embodiment, the upright configuration provides ballistic shielding, such as against incoming weapons fire, shrapnel, etc. Each ring has a high-strength material construction, such as a composite fiber and matrix material, capable of substantially inhibiting blast effects and impinging projectiles from passing through the shield. And the set of rings are releasably securable to each other in the telescopically-extended upright configuration, such as by click locks.

Pastrnak, John W. (Livermore, CA); Hollaway, Rocky (Modesto, CA); Henning, Carl D. (Livermore, CA); Deteresa, Steve (Livermore, CA); Grundler, Walter (Hayward, CA); Hagler, Lisle B. (Berkeley, CA); Kokko, Edwin (Dublin, CA); Switzer, Vernon A (Livermore, CA)

2007-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

189

Portable convertible blast effects shield  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A rapidly deployable portable convertible blast effects shield/ballistic shield includes a set two or more telescoping cylindrical rings operably connected to each other to convert between a telescopically-collapsed configuration for storage and transport, and a telescopically-extended upright configuration forming an expanded inner volume. In a first embodiment, the upright configuration provides blast effects shielding, such as against blast pressures, shrapnel, and/or fire balls. And in a second embodiment, the upright configuration provides ballistic shielding, such as against incoming weapons fire, shrapnel, etc. Each ring has a high-strength material construction, such as a composite fiber and matrix material, capable of substantially inhibiting blast effects and impinging projectiles from passing through the shield. And the set of rings are releasably securable to each other in the telescopically-extended upright configuration, such as by click locks.

Pastrnak, John W. (Livermore, CA); Hollaway, Rocky (Modesto, CA); Henning, Carl D. (Livermore, CA); Deteresa, Steve (Livermore, CA); Grundler, Walter (Hayward, CA); Hagler,; Lisle B. (Berkeley, CA); Kokko, Edwin (Dublin, CA); Switzer, Vernon A (Livermore, CA)

2010-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

190

DC-DC Converter Topology Assessment for Large Scale Distributed Photovoltaic Plant Architectures  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Distributed photovoltaic (PV) plant architectures are emerging as a replacement for the classical central inverter based systems. However, power converters of smaller ratings may have a negative impact on system efficiency, reliability and cost. Therefore, it is necessary to design converters with very high efficiency and simpler topologies in order not to offset the benefits gained by using distributed PV systems. In this paper an evaluation of the selection criteria for dc-dc converters for distributed PV systems is performed; this evaluation includes efficiency, simplicity of design, reliability and cost. Based on this evaluation, recommendations can be made as to which class of converters is best fit for this application.

Mohammed S. Agamy; Maja Harfman-Todorovic; Ahmed Elasser; Juan A. Sabate; Robert L. Steigerwald; Yan Jiang; Somasundaram Essakiappan

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Triple voltage dc-to-dc converter and method  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A circuit and method of providing three dc voltage buses and transforming power between a low voltage dc converter and a high voltage dc converter, by coupling a primary dc power circuit and a secondary dc power circuit through an isolation transformer; providing the gating signals to power semiconductor switches in the primary and secondary circuits to control power flow between the primary and secondary circuits and by controlling a phase shift between the primary voltage and the secondary voltage. The primary dc power circuit and the secondary dc power circuit each further comprising at least two tank capacitances arranged in series as a tank leg, at least two resonant switching devices arranged in series with each other and arranged in parallel with the tank leg, and at least one voltage source arranged in parallel with the tank leg and the resonant switching devices, said resonant switching devices including power semiconductor switches that are operated by gating signals. Additional embodiments having a center-tapped battery on the low voltage side and a plurality of modules on both the low voltage side and the high voltage side are also disclosed for the purpose of reducing ripple current and for reducing the size of the components.

Su, Gui-Jia (Knoxville, TN)

2008-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

192

Research Projects to Convert Captured CO2 Emissions to Useful Products  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Research to help find ways of converting into useful products CO2 captured from emissions of power plants and industrial facilities will be conducted by six projects announced today by the U.S. Department of Energy.

193

Quantification of the influence of directional sea state parameters over the performances of wave energy converters   

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Accurate predictions of the annual energy yield from wave energy converters are essential to the development of the wave industry. The current method based on power matrices uses only a small part of the data available ...

Pascal, Remy Claude Rene

2012-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

194

COMMUNITY ALERT INCIDENT: Catalytic Converter Thefts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

converter is a part used to reduce the toxicity of emissions from an internal combustion engine. What can

Rose, Michael R.

195

Sub-picosecond Resolution Time-to-Digital Converter  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Time-to-digital converters with sub-picosecond resolutions are needed to satisfy the requirements of time-on-flight measurements of the next generation of high energy and nuclear physics experiments. The converters must be highly integrated, power effective, low cost, and feature plug-and-play capabilities to handle the increasing number of channels (up to hundreds of millions) in future Department of Energy experiments. Current state-off-the-art time-to-digital converter integrated circuits do not have the sufficient degree of integration and flexibility to fulfill all the described requirements. During Phase I, the Advanced Science and Novel Technology Company in cooperation with the nuclear physics division of the Oak Ridge National Laboratory has developed the architecture of a novel time-to-digital converter with multiple channels connected to an external processor through a special interfacing block and synchronized by clock signals generated by an internal phase-locked loop. The critical blocks of the system including signal delay lines and delay-locked loops with proprietary differential delay cells, as well as the required digital code converter and the clock period counter have been designed and simulated using the advanced SiGe120 BiCMOS technological process. The results of investigations demonstrate a possibility to achieve the digitization accuracy within 1ps. ADSANTEC has demonstrated the feasibility of the proposed concept in computer simulations. The proposed system will be a critical component for the next generation of NEP experiments.

Ph D, Vladimir Bratov; Ph D, Vladimir Katzman; MS EE, Jeb Binkley

2006-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

196

CONVERTIBLE BONDS IN A DEFAULTABLE DIFFUSION MODEL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CONVERTIBLE BONDS IN A DEFAULTABLE DIFFUSION MODEL Tomasz R. Bielecki Department of Applied Research Grant PS12918. #12;2 Convertible Bonds in a Defaultable Diffusion Model 1 Introduction In [4), such as Convertible Bonds (CB), and we provided a rigorous decomposition of a CB into a bond component and a (game

Jeanblanc, Monique

197

A Three-Phase Bidirectional DC-DC Converter for Automotive Applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper presents a three-phase soft-switching, bidirectional dc-dc converter for high-power automotive applications. The converter employs dual three-phase active bridges and operates with a novel asymmetrical but fixed duty cycle for the top and bottom switches of each phase leg. Simulation and experimental data on a 6-kW prototype are included to verify the novel operating and power flow control principles.

Su, Gui-Jia [ORNL; Tang, Lixin [ORNL

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

A 3-phase AC to AC matrix converter using the Venturini method  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to be used for motor drives. Consequently, there is a potential reduction in drive manufacturing cost, as well as improvement in the power-per-weight and power-per-volume ratios. Furthermore, the converter design makes it capable of bi-directional power...

Dabbousi, Rami M. Osama

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

A New Approach to Solving the Harmonic Elimination Equations for a Multilevel Converter  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

possible solutions. I. Introduction A multilevel inverter is a power electronic device built to synthesizeA New Approach to Solving the Harmonic Elimination Equations for a Multilevel Converter John N voltages, and if this energy is to be fed to into an ac power grid, a power electronic interface

Tolbert, Leon M.

200

A Single-Phase Photovoltaic Inverter Topology With a Series-Connected Energy Buffer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Module integrated converters (MICs) have been under rapid development for single-phase grid-tied photovoltaic applications. The capacitive energy storage implementation for the double-line-frequency power variation represents ...

Pierquet, Brandon J.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "module-integrated power converters" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Circuits and passive components for radio-frequency power conversion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis focuses on developing technology for high efficiency power converters operating at very high frequencies. The work in the thesis involves two aspects of such converters: rf (radio-frequency) power circuit design ...

Han, Yehui, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Digital control of HVDC converters  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper presents the project of a completely digital HVDC converter controller based on a 16-bit microcomputer. It was decided to achieve as much as possible by software in order to minimize functions performed by external hardware. The presented design comprises software programmed functions such as a PID current control amplifier, voltage dependent current order limiters and an alpha-minimum symmetrization unit, among others. HVDC control principles are briefly reviewed and a detailed description of both the hardware and software structure of the controller is presented. The digital controller was implemented in an HVDC simulator and several dynamic performance tests demonstrated the efficiency of the proposed methodology.

Pilotto, L.A.S.; Roitman, M.; Alves, J.E.R.

1989-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Converting Energy to Medical Progress  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary)morphinan antagonist Journal Article: Crystal structureComposite-- Energy,Converting to April 2001 An introduction

204

Converting Energy to Medical Progress  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation Proposed New SubstationCleanCommunity2Workshops01ControllingControls onPolymers -Converting to

205

ProspectusofCPESMiniConsortiumon PowerManagement(PMC)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on developing precompetitive technologies in the areas of power management for distributed power system architectures, power management, EMI/EMC, power quality, Ac/Dc converters, Dc/Dc converters, POL, more power is consumed by both active and standby systems. Consequently, efficient power management

Virginia Tech

206

Low work function material development for the microminiature thermionic converter.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Thermionic energy conversion in a miniature format shows potential as a viable, high efficiency, micro to macro-scale power source. A microminiature thermionic converter (MTC) with inter-electrode spacings on the order of microns has been prototyped and evaluated at Sandia. The remaining enabling technology is the development of low work function materials and processes that can be integrated into these converters to increase power production at modest temperatures (800 - 1300 K). The electrode materials are not well understood and the electrode thermionic properties are highly sensitive to manufacturing processes. Advanced theoretical, modeling, and fabrication capabilities are required to achieve optimum performance for MTC diodes. This report describes the modeling and fabrication efforts performed to develop micro dispenser cathodes for use in the MTC.

Zavadil, Kevin Robert; Battaile, Corbett Chandler; Marshall, Albert Christian; King, Donald Bryan; Jennison, Dwight Richard

2004-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

GAISUS-1 thermionic converter for the integrated solar upper stage  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Integrated Solar Upper Stage (ISUS) system is a compact orbital transfer vehicle which generates thrust to boost payloads from LEO to higher orbits. It does this by collecting and concentrating solar flux into a sensible thermal storage, graphite receiver which is used to heat hydrogen propellant to temperatures of up to 2500 K. The ISUS receiver also radiates heat into an array of thermionic converters which produce electrical power. The GAISUS-1 thermionic converter is a first generation planar converter designed to produce electrical power when coupled with the ISUS receiver. GAISUS-1 will deliver over 31 W{sub e} at 1900 K. A wrought Re hotshoe accepts radiant heat from the receiver. The back side of the hotshoe forms the emitting surface of the converter. Special attention was paid to optimize the electrical and thermal losses experienced through the sleeve. Triple and single sleeve geometries were thermally modeled and evaluated, resulting in the selection of a single sleeve design. A high temperature metal/ceramic seal isolates the emitter sleeve from the collector. A Nb collector is used and is an integral part of a Nb/Na heat pipe. The heat pipe transports reject heat from the collector surface to a thermal radiator (condenser) portion of the heat pipe. The converter utilizes an integral graphite Cs reservoir. This type of reservoir automatically produces a rise in Cs pressure in response to a rise in emitter/collector temperatures. This Cs pressure feedback mechanism insures adequate Cs coverage of the emitter over a broad range of operating conditions (temperatures).

Begg, L.L.; Heffernan, T.F.; Horner, M.H. [General Atomics, San Diego, CA (United States)

1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

208

Thermionic converter emitter support arrangement  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A support is presented for use in a thermionic converted to support an end of an emitter to keep it out of contact with a surrounding collector while allowing the emitter end to move axially at its temperatures changes. The emitter end is supported by a spring structure that includes a pair of Belleville springs, and the spring structure is supported by a support structure fixed to the housing that includes the collector. The support structure is in the form of a sandwich with a small metal spring-engaging element at the front end, a large metal main support at the rear end that is attached to the housing, and metal main support. The spring structure can include a loose wafer captured between the Belleville springs.

Allen, D.T.

1990-10-16T23:59:59.000Z

209

Thermionic converter emitter support arrangement  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A support is provided for use in a therminonic converter to support an end of an emitter to keep it out of contact with a surrounding collector while allowing the emitter end to move axially as its temperature changes. The emitter end (34) is supported by a spring structure (44) that includes a pair of Belleville springs, and the spring structure is supported by a support structure (42) fixed to the housing that includes the collector. The support structure is in the form of a sandwich with a small metal spring-engaging element (74) at the front end, a larger metal main support (76) at the rear end that is attached to the housing, and with a ceramic layer (80) between them that is bonded by hot isostatic pressing to the metal element and metal main support. The spring structure can include a loose wafer (120) captured between the Belleville springs.

Allen, Daniel T. (La Jolla, CA)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

Thermionic converter emitter support arrangement  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A support is provided for use in a thermionic converter to support an end an emitter to keep it out of contact with a surrounding collector while allowing the emitter end to move axially at its temperatures changes. The emitter end (34) is supported by a spring structure (44) that includes a pair of Belleville springs, and the spring structure is supported by a support structure (42) fixed to the housing that includes the collector. The support structure is in the form of a sandwich with a small metal spring-engaging element (74) at the front end, a larger metal main support (76) at the rear end that is attached to the housng, and with a ceramic layer (80) between them that is bonded by hot isostatic pressing to the metal element and metal main support. The spring structure can include a loose wafer (120) captured between the Belleville springs.

Allen, Daniel T. (La Jolla, CA)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Thermionic converter emitter support arrangement  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This patent describes a support provided for use in a therminonic converter to support an end of an emitter to keep it out of contact with a surrounding collector while allowing the emitter end to move axially as its temperature changes. The emitter end is supported by a spring structure that includes a pair of Belleville springs, and the spring structure is supported by a support structure fixed to the housing that includes the collector. The support structure is in the form of a sandwich with a small metal spring-engaging element at the front end, a larger metal main support at the rear end that is attached to the housing, and with a ceramic layer between them that is bonded by hot isostatic pressing to the metal element and metal main support. The spring structure can include a loose wafer captured between the Belleville springs.

Allen, D.T.

1990-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

212

Thermionic converter emitter support arrangement  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document discusses a support provided for use in a thermionic converter to support an end of an emitter to keep it out of contact with a surrounding collector while allowing the emitter end to move axially as its temperature changes. The emitter end is supported by a spring structure that includes a pair of Belleville springs, and the spring structure is supported by a support structure fixed to the housing that includes the collector. The support structure is in the form of a sandwich with a small metal spring-engaging element at the front end, a larger metal main support at the rear end that is attached to the housing, and with a ceramic layer between them that is bonded by hot isostatic pressing to the metal element and metal main support. The spring structure can include a loose wafer captured between the Belleville springs. 7 figs.

Allen, D.T.

1989-07-06T23:59:59.000Z

213

Bi-Directional DC-DC Converter for PHEV Applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEV) require high power density energy storage system (ESS) for hybrid operation and high energy density ESS for Electric Vehicle (EV) mode range. However, ESS technologies to maximize power density and energy density simultaneously are not commercially feasible. The use of bi-directional DC-DC converter allows use of multiple energy storage, and the flexible DC-link voltages can enhance the system efficiency and reduce component sizing. This will improve fuel consumption, increase the EV mode range, reduce the total weight, reduce battery initial and life cycle cost, and provide flexibility in system design.

Abas Goodarzi

2011-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

214

Optimal design of AC filter circuits in HVDC converter stations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper investigates the reactive power as well as the harmonic conditions on both the valve and the AC-network sides of a HVDC converter station. The effect of the AC filter circuits is accurately modeled. The program is then augmented by adding an optimization routine. It can identify the optimal filter configuration, yielding the minimum current distortion factor at the AC network terminals for a prespecified fundamental reactive power to be provided by the filter. Several parameter studies were also conducted to illustrate the effect of accidental or intentional deletion of one of the filter branches.

Saied, M.M.; Khader, S.A. [Kuwait Univ. (Kuwait). Electrical and Computer Engineering Dept.

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

215

Mesofluidic magnetohydrodynamic power generation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Much of the previous research into magnetohydrodynamics has involved large-scale systems. This thesis explores the miniaturization and use of devices to convert the power dissipated within an expanding gas flow into ...

Fucetola, Jay J

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Energy Savings Assessment for Digital-to-Analog Converter Boxes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Digital Television (DTV) Converter Box Coupon Program was administered by the U.S. government to subsidize purchases of digital-to-analog converter boxes, with up to two $40 coupons for each eligible household. In order to qualify as Coupon Eligible Converter Boxes (CECBs), these devices had to meet a number of minimum performance specifications, including energy efficiency standards. The Energy Star Program also established voluntary energy efficiency specifications that are more stringent than the CECB requirements. In this study, we measured the power and energy consumptions for a sample of 12 CECBs (including 6 Energy Star labeled models) in-use in homes and estimated aggregate energy savings produced by the energy efficiency policies. Based on the 35 million coupons redeemed through the end of the program, our analysis indicates that between 2500 and 3700 GWh per year are saved as a result of the energy efficiency policies implemented on digital-to-analog converter boxes. The energy savings generated are equivalent to the annual electricity use of 280,000 average US homes.

Cheung, Hoi Ying Iris; Meier, Alan; Brown, Richard

2011-01-18T23:59:59.000Z

217

New Catalyst Converts CO2 to Fuel  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

New Catalyst Converts CO to Fuel Calculations Run at NERSC Help Confirm University of Illinois Breakthrough September 5, 2014 | Tags: Basic Energy Sciences (BES), Carver,...

218

MULTILEVEL CONVERTERS - A NEW BREED OF POWER CONVERTERS Jih-Sheng Lail  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: VegetationEquipment Surfaces and InterfacesAdministration -Lowell L.FallU . S . D e p

219

Ga{sub x}In{sub 1{minus}x}As thermophotovoltaic converters  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Preliminary research into the development of single-junction Ga{sub x}In{sub 1{minus}x}As thermophotovoltaic (TPV) power converters is reviewed. The devices structures are grown epitaxially on single-crystal InP substrates. Converter band gaps of 0.50--0.74 eV have been considered in accordance with modeling calculations. A 1-sun, AMO efficiency of 12.8% is reported for a lattice-matched, 0.74-eV converter. Converters with lower band gaps are fabricated using lattice-mismatched, compositionally graded structures. Functional TPV converters with good performance characteristics have been demonstrated for band gaps as low as 0.5 eV.

Wanlass, M.W.; Ward, J.S.; Emery, K.A.; Coutts, T.J. [National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO (United States)

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

220

Electro-mechanical energy conversion system having a permanent magnet machine with stator, resonant transfer link and energy converter controls  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An electro-mechanical energy conversion system coupled between an energy source and an energy load comprising an energy converter device including a permanent magnet induction machine coupled between the energy source and the energy load to convert the energy from the energy source and to transfer the converted energy to the energy load and an energy transfer multiplexer to control the flow of power or energy through the permanent magnetic induction machine.

Skeist, S. Merrill; Baker, Richard H.

2006-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "module-integrated power converters" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Vacuum-insulated catalytic converter  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A catalytic converter has an inner canister that contains catalyst-coated substrates and an outer canister that encloses an annular, variable vacuum insulation chamber surrounding the inner canister. An annular tank containing phase-change material for heat storage and release is positioned in the variable vacuum insulation chamber a distance spaced part from the inner canister. A reversible hydrogen getter in the variable vacuum insulation chamber, preferably on a surface of the heat storage tank, releases hydrogen into the variable vacuum insulation chamber to conduct heat when the phase-change material is hot and absorbs the hydrogen to limit heat transfer to radiation when the phase-change material is cool. A porous zeolite trap in the inner canister absorbs and retains hydrocarbons from the exhaust gases when the catalyst-coated substrates and zeolite trap are cold and releases the hydrocarbons for reaction on the catalyst-coated substrate when the zeolite trap and catalyst-coated substrate get hot.

Benson, David K. (Golden, CO)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Bi-directional Current-fed Medium Frequency Transformer Isolated AC-DC Converter  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and the development of new grid systems like HVDC transmission lines. The new solution proposed needs to incorporate methods for the renewable sources to receive power for monitoring and control, during periods of zero production. This calls for a power converter...

Essakiappan, Somasundaram

2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

223

Novel Cell based on Reduced Single-phase Active Front End for Multicell Converters.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

V] and power of several Megawatts. Among different topologies [1], the cascaded Multicell [2] inverter has converters are a very interesting al- ternative for medium and high power drives. One of the more flexible topologies of this type is the Multicell con- verter. This paper presents a new regenerative cell suitable

Duffy, Ken

224

A New Approach to the Elimination of Harmonics in a Multilevel Converter  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, the approach here produces all possible solutions. 1 Introduction A multilevel inverter is a power electronicA New Approach to the Elimination of Harmonics in a Multilevel Converter John N. Chiasson, Leon M that by reformulating the problem in terms of power sums, the degrees of the polynomial equations that must be solved

Tolbert, Leon M.

225

Design Method and Automation of Comparator Generation for Flash A/D Converter  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

processing system demands high- speed operation and less power consumption. A new flash ADC design. The threshold inverter quantization (TIQ) based A/D converters require 2n , 1 comparators, each one different, 3] rate. It consumes more power and occupies larger chip area in comparison to the other types

Choi, Kyusun

226

Fuel to Burn: Economics of Converting Forest  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fuel to Burn: Economics of Converting Forest Thinnings to Energy Using BioMax in Southern Oregon E-scale gasification plants that generate electrical energy from forest health thinnings may have the potential; Christensen, Glenn. 2005. Fuel to burn: Economics of converting forest thinnings to energy using Bio

Fried, Jeremy S.

227

High performance, close-spaced thermionic converters  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Near ideal performance in a Thermionic Energy Converter (TEC) can be obtained using extremely small (< 10 microns) interelectrode spacings. Previous efforts to build such converters have encountered engineering problems. A new type of converter, called SAVTEC (for Self-Adjusting, Versatile Thermionic Energy Converter) has been developed at Rasor Associates, Inc., as a practical way to achieve small spacings. It has been demonstrated to deliver improved performance over conventional, ignited-mode converters. A series of individual SAVTEC's have been built and tested. Two general configurations were built: in the first a single emitter support lead (0.25 mm wire) passes through a hole in the center of the collector, with the emitter being welded to it. In the second three smaller wires replace the center wire and are welded to the emitter perimeter. These converters have shown reliable, temperature controlled spacings of the emitter and collector. Reproducible spacing of 10 microns (0.4 mils) were achieved on several converters. This paper presents details of SAVTEC converter construction and performance, including volt-ampere curves.

Dick, R.S.; Britt, E.J.; Fitzpatrick, G.O.; McVey, J.B.

1983-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

High power fast ramping power supplies  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Hundred megawatt level fast ramping power converters to drive proton and heavy ion machines are under research and development at accelerator facilities in the world. This is a leading edge technology. There are several topologies to achieve this power level. Their advantages and related issues will be discussed.

Marneris,I.; Bajon, E.; Bonati, R.; Sandberg, J.; Roser, T.; Tsoupas, N.

2009-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

229

Direct connection of series self-excited generators and HVDC converters  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An alternative and simpler solution is proposed for the direct connection of generators to HVdc converters. The generator exciter windings are connected in series with the output of the HVdc converter and take the place of the conventional smoothing reactor. Existing steady state and time domain simulation programs are modified to represent the behavior of the series direct connection scheme. It is shown that series excitation extends naturally the power transmission capability and permits fast fault clearances.

Arrillaga, J.; Macdonald, S.J.; Watson, N.R.; Watson, S. (Univ. Canterbury, Christchurch (New Zealand))

1993-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

A three-level buck converter to regulate a high-voltage DC-to-AC inverter  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A three-level buck converter is designed and analyzed, and shown to be suitable as a high-voltage down converter as a pre-regulation stage for a 600 watt DC-to-AC power inverter. Topology selection for the inverter is ...

Schrock, Kenneth C

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Vehicle Technologies Office: 2011 Advanced Power Electronics...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

2012 Advanced Power Electronics and Electric Motors R&D Annual Progress Report Electro-thermal-mechanical Simulation and Reliability for Plug-in Vehicle Converters and Inverters...

232

Converting Petroleum Coke to Electricity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

contributes 80% of this total. As crude oil coke is a cement kiln, where the alkaline quality deteriorates, and the market for residual components in cement will absorb the sulfur oil. becomes less profitable due to increasingly released by the coke during.... The higher value has been amply demonstrated by the Combustion Power Units, and by commercial gasification systems producing syngas for chemicals We do not anticipate a major system availability debit for adding an industrial-scale, base loaded...

Pavone, A.

233

Power conditioning system for energy sources  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Apparatus for conditioning power generated by an energy source includes an inverter for converting a DC input voltage from the energy source to a square wave AC output voltage, and a converter for converting the AC output voltage from the inverter to a sine wave AC output voltage.

Mazumder, Sudip K. (Chicago, IL); Burra, Rajni K. (Chicago, IL); Acharya, Kaustuva (Chicago, IL)

2008-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

234

Close-spaced thermionic converters with active spacing control and heat-pipe isothermal emitters  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Thermionic converters with interelectrode gaps smaller than 10 microns are capable of substantial performance improvements over conventional ignited mode diodes. Previous devices which have demonstrated operation at such small gaps have done so at low power densities and emitter temperatures. Higher power operation requires overcoming two primary design issues: thermal distortion of the emitter due to temperature gradients and degradation of the in-gap spacers at higher emitter temperatures. This work describes two innovations for solution of these issues. The issue of thermal distortion was addressed by an isothermal emitter incorporating a heat-pipe into its structure. Such a heat-pipe emitter, with a single-crystal emitting surface, was fabricated and characterized. Finite-element computational modeling was used to analyze its distortion with an applied heat flux. The calculations suggested that thermal distortion would be significantly reduced as compared with a solid emitter. Ongoing work and preliminary experimental results are described for a system of active interelectrode gap control. In the present design an integral transducer determines the interelectrode gap of the converter. Initial designs for spacing actuators and their required cesium vapor seals are discussed. A novel hot-shell converter design incorporating active spacing control and low-temperature seals is presented. A converter incorporating the above features would be capable of near ideal-converter performance at high power densities. In addition, active spacing control can potentially completely eliminate short-circuit failures in thermionic converter systems.

Fitzpatrick, G.O.; Koester, J.K.; Chang, J.; Britt, E.J.; McVey, J.B. [Space Power, Inc., San Jose, CA (United States)

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

235

Microsoft PowerPoint - Converting Sustainable Forest Products...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Strauss, President, FutureMetrics Recipient of the 2012 International Excellence in Bioenergy Award Photo courtesy of Alan Sherrard, Editor in Chief, Bioenergy International...

236

Multilevel Converters for Power System Applications J. S. Lai'  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: VegetationEquipment SurfacesResource ProgramModification andinterface1JUN 2AmesEnergytemperature

237

Fuel elements of thermionic converters  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Work on thermionic nuclear power systems has been performed in Russia within the framework of the TOPAZ reactor program since the early 1960s. In the TOPAZ in-core thermionic convertor reactor design, the fuel element`s cladding is also the thermionic convertor`s emitter. Deformation of the emitter can lead to short-circuiting and is the primary cause of premature TRC failure. Such deformation can be the result of fuel swelling, thermocycling, or increased unilateral pressure on the emitter due to the release of gaseous fission products. Much of the work on TRCs has concentrated on preventing or mitigating emitter deformation by improving the following materials and structures: nuclear fuel; emitter materials; electrical insulators; moderator and reflector materials; and gas-exhaust device. In addition, considerable effort has been directed toward the development of experimental techniques that accurately mimic operational conditions and toward the creation of analytical and numerical models that allow operational conditions and behavior to be predicted without the expense and time demands of in-pile tests. New and modified materials and structures for the cores of thermionic NPSs and new fabrication processes for the materials have ensured the possibility of creating thermionic NPSs for a wide range of powers, from tens to several hundreds of kilowatts, with life spans of 5 to 10 years.

Hunter, R.L. [ed.] [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States). Environmental Systems Assessment Dept.; Gontar, A.S.; Nelidov, M.V.; Nikolaev, Yu.V.; Schulepov, L.N. [RI SIA Lutch, Podolsk (Russian Federation)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

3-Port Single-Stage PV & Battery Converter Improves Efficiency and Cost in Combined PV/Battery Systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Due to impressive cost reductions in recent years, photovoltaic (PV) generation is now able to produce electricity at highly competitive prices, but PV’s inherent intermittency reduces the potential value of this energy. The integration of battery storage with PV will be transformational by increasing the value of solar. Utility scale systems will benefit by firming intermittency including PV ramp smoothing, grid support and load shifting, allowing PV to compete directly with conventional generation. For distributed grid-tied PV adding storage will reduce peak demand utility charges, as well as providing backup power during power grid failures. The largest long term impact of combined PV and battery systems may be for delivering reliable off-grid power to the billions of individuals globally without access to conventional power grids, or for billions more that suffer from daily power outages. PV module costs no longer dominate installed PV system costs. Balance-of-System (BOS) costs including the PV inverter and installation now contribute the majority of installed system costs. Battery costs are also dropping faster than installation and battery power converter systems. In each of these separate systems power converters have become a bottleneck for efficiency, cost and reliability. These bottlenecks are compounded in hybrid power conversion systems that combine separate PV and battery converters. Hybrid power conversion systems have required multiple power converters hardware units and multiple power conversion steps adding to efficiency losses, product and installation costs, and reliability issues. Ideal Power Converters has developed and patented a completely new theory of operation for electronic power converters using its indirect EnergyPacket Switching™ topology. It has established successful power converter products for both PV and battery systems, and its 3-Port Hybrid Converter is the first product to exploit the topology’s capability for the industry’s first single-stage multi-port hybrid power converter. This unique low cost approach eliminates the hybrid power conversion bottlenecks when integrating batteries into PV systems. As result this product will significantly accelerate market adoption of these systems.

Bundschuh, Paul [Ideal Power

2013-03-23T23:59:59.000Z

239

New Perspectives on Wave Energy Converter Control   

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This work examines some of the fundamental problems behind the control of wave energy converters (WECs). Several new perspectives are presented to aid the understanding of the problem and the interpretation of the ...

Price, Alexandra A E

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Experimental investigation of a thermionic converter with developed surface electrodes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A thermionic converter with developed planar electrode surfaces is designed and tested. One of the electrodes has concentric circular grooves cut into its surface, while the other electrode surface is smooth. The grooves are 0.5 mm deep and 0.5 mm wide, having lands that are 1.0 mm wide. The experimental setup is flexible so that either the smooth or developed surface electrode can be operated as the emitter, with the other operating as the collector. The I-V characteristics and power output are compared for the two electrode arrangements. {copyright} {ital 1997 American Institute of Physics.}

Luke, J.R.; El-Genk, M.S.; Adrian, J.M. [Institute for Space and Nuclear Power Studies/Chemical and Nuclear Engineering Department University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico87131 (United States)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "module-integrated power converters" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Experimental investigation of a thermionic converter with developed surface electrodes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A thermionic converter with developed planar electrode surfaces is designed and tested. One of the electrodes has concentric circular grooves cut into its surface, while the other electrode surface is smooth. The grooves are 0.5 mm deep and 0.5 mm wide, having lands that are 1.0 mm wide. The experimental setup is flexible so that either the smooth or developed surface electrode can be operated as the emitter, with the other operating as the collector. The I-V characteristics and power output are compared for the two electrode arrangements.

Luke, James R.; El-Genk, Mohamed S.; Adrian, John M. [Institute for Space and Nuclear Power Studies/Chemical and Nuclear Engineering Department University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87131 (United States)

1997-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

242

Performance testing of the Sandy Pond HVDC converter terminal  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Results of several performance tests for the 1,800 MW Sandy Pond HVDC converter terminal are presented and discussed. The work progressed during 1990 and 1991 and included tests for power line carrier interference, audible sound, ac and dc line faults and dc harmonic performance. The testing was conducted as part of the commissioning program for the first stage of the Quebec-New England Phase 2 multi-terminal system. In this stage, the Radisson (Quebec) and Sandy Pond (New England) terminals are operational.

Donahue, J.A.; Fisher, D.A.; Railing, B.D.; Tatro, P.J. (New England Power Service Co., Westborough, MA (United States))

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

Digital Loss-Minimizing Multi-Mode Synchronous Buck Converter Control Angel V. Peterchev Seth R. Sanders  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

transition among the modes. An on-line adaptive algorithm to optimize the SR timing, based on power loss reducing the switching losses. In modern portable applications, minimizing power loss at light load in the controller, or can be obtained on-line by dynamically minimizing the converter power loss via multi

Sanders, Seth

244

On sliding mode and adaptive observers design for multicell converter M. GHANES, F. BEJARANO and J.P. BARBOT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the semiconductor of power components and a new systems of energy conversion. Many of those systems present a hybrid to realize the input converter which supplies their "T13" locomotives in power. Three-phase inverters called by the robustness test with respect to resistance load variation. I. INTRODUCTION The power electronics [5] are well

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

245

Abstract--An improvement to the precision of losses calculation in static converters used in a hybrid renewable  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

rates. In this article, a new approach to estimate the energy losses in the power electronics converters losses evaluation is demonstrated. Index Terms--power conversion losses, power generation, solar energy-state maximal current (A) M Inverter modulation index (-) Inverter load angle (rad) pdc/ac Inverter conduction

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

246

Intensive neutrino source on the base of lithium converter  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An intensive antineutrino source with a hard spectrum (with energy up to 13 MeV, average energy 6.5 MeV) can be realized on the base of beta-decay of short living isotope 8Li (0.84 s). The 8Li isotope (generated in activation of 7Li isotope) is a prime perspective antineutrino source owing to the hard antineutrino spectrum and square dependence of cross section on the energy. Up today nuclear reactors are the most intensive neutrino sources. Antineutrino reactor spectra have large uncertainties in the summary antineutrino spectrum at energy E>6 MeV. Use of 8Li isotope allows to decrease sharply the uncertainties or to exclude it completely. An intensive neutron fluxes are requested for rapid generation of 8Li isotope. The installations on the base of nuclear reactors can be an alternative for nuclear reactors as traditional neutron sources. It is possible creation of neutrino sources another in principle: on the base of tandem of accelerators, neutron generating targets and lithium converter. An intensive neutron flux (i.e., powerful neutron source) is requested for realization of considered neutrino sources (neutrino factories). Different realizations of lithium antineutrino sources (lithium converter on the base of high purified 7Li isotope) are discussed: static regime (i.e., without transport of 8Li isotope to the neutrino detector); dynamic regime (transport of 8Li isotope to the remote detector in a closed cycle); an operation of lithium converter in tandem of accelerator with a neutron-producing target on the base of tungsten, lead or bismuth. Different chemical compounds of lithium (as the substance of the converter) are considered. Heavy water solution of LiOD is proposed as a serious alternative to high-pure 7Li in a metallic state.

V. I. Lyashuk; Yu. S Lutostansky

2015-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

247

Intensive neutrino source on the base of lithium converter  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An intensive antineutrino source with a hard spectrum (with energy up to 13 MeV, average energy 6.5 MeV) can be realized on the base of beta-decay of short living isotope 8Li (0.84 s). The 8Li isotope (generated in activation of 7Li isotope) is a prime perspective antineutrino source owing to the hard antineutrino spectrum and square dependence of cross section on the energy. Up today nuclear reactors are the most intensive neutrino sources. Antineutrino reactor spectra have large uncertainties in the summary antineutrino spectrum at energy E>6 MeV. Use of 8Li isotope allows to decrease sharply the uncertainties or to exclude it completely. An intensive neutron fluxes are requested for rapid generation of 8Li isotope. The installations on the base of nuclear reactors can be an alternative for nuclear reactors as traditional neutron sources. It is possible creation of neutrino sources another in principle: on the base of tandem of accelerators, neutron generating targets and lithium converter. An intensive neutron flux (i.e., powerful neutron source) is requested for realization of considered neutrino sources (neutrino factories). Different realizations of lithium antineutrino sources (lithium converter on the base of high purified 7Li isotope) are discussed: static regime (i.e., without transport of 8Li isotope to the neutrino detector); dynamic regime (transport of 8Li isotope to the remote detector in a closed cycle); an operation of lithium converter in tandem of accelerator with a neutron-producing target on the base of tungsten, lead or bismuth. Different chemical compounds of lithium (as the substance of the converter) are considered. Heavy water solution of LiOD is proposed as a serious alternative to high-pure 7Li in a metallic state.

V. I. Lyashuk; Yu. S Lutostansky

2015-04-13T23:59:59.000Z

248

acid residues converted: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Websites Summary: - Resonant converters and related systems, such as piezoelectric transformers, may require a high of resonant converters: a series-resonant parallel-...

249

ars projekt converted: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Websites Summary: - Resonant converters and related systems, such as piezoelectric transformers, may require a high of resonant converters: a series-resonant parallel-...

250

angiotensin converting enzyme-3: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Websites Summary: - Resonant converters and related systems, such as piezoelectric transformers, may require a high of resonant converters: a series-resonant parallel-...

251

angiotensin converting enzyme: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Websites Summary: - Resonant converters and related systems, such as piezoelectric transformers, may require a high of resonant converters: a series-resonant parallel-...

252

Atargis Energy (TRL 4 System) - Cycloidal Wave Energy Converter...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Atargis Energy (TRL 4 System) - Cycloidal Wave Energy Converter Atargis Energy (TRL 4 System) - Cycloidal Wave Energy Converter Atargis Energy (TRL 4 System) - Cycloidal Wave...

253

SEP Success Story: State Energy Program Helping Arkansans Convert...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

State Energy Program Helping Arkansans Convert to Compressed Natural Gas SEP Success Story: State Energy Program Helping Arkansans Convert to Compressed Natural Gas January 25,...

254

Converting Sunlight into Fuel | Center for Bio-Inspired Solar...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

about Center Center Video Library Bisfuel Picture Gallery Converting Sunlight into Fuel 12 Oct 2012 Converting sunlight into electricity from ASU Research on Vimeo. Interview...

255

Enterprise converting buses to biodiesel | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Enterprise converting buses to biodiesel Enterprise converting buses to biodiesel April 1, 2010 - 6:48pm Addthis Paul Lester Communications Specialist, Office of Energy Efficiency...

256

Photonic-powered cable assembly  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A photonic-cable assembly includes a power source cable connector ("PSCC") coupled to a power receive cable connector ("PRCC") via a fiber cable. The PSCC electrically connects to a first electronic device and houses a photonic power source and an optical data transmitter. The fiber cable includes an optical transmit data path coupled to the optical data transmitter, an optical power path coupled to the photonic power source, and an optical feedback path coupled to provide feedback control to the photonic power source. The PRCC electrically connects to a second electronic device and houses an optical data receiver coupled to the optical transmit data path, a feedback controller coupled to the optical feedback path to control the photonic power source, and a photonic power converter coupled to the optical power path to convert photonic energy received over the optical power path to electrical energy to power components of the PRCC.

Sanderson, Stephen N.; Appel, Titus James; Wrye, IV, Walter C.

2013-01-22T23:59:59.000Z

257

Photonic-powered cable assembly  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A photonic-cable assembly includes a power source cable connector ("PSCC") coupled to a power receive cable connector ("PRCC") via a fiber cable. The PSCC electrically connects to a first electronic device and houses a photonic power source and an optical data transmitter. The fiber cable includes an optical transmit data path coupled to the optical data transmitter, an optical power path coupled to the photonic power source, and an optical feedback path coupled to provide feedback control to the photonic power source. The PRCC electrically connects to a second electronic device and houses an optical data receiver coupled to the optical transmit data path, a feedback controller coupled to the optical feedback path to control the photonic power source, and a photonic power converter coupled to the optical power path to convert photonic energy received over the optical power path to electrical energy to power components of the PRCC.

Sanderson, Stephen N; Appel, Titus James; Wrye, IV, Walter C

2014-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

258

Reference Model 5 (RM5): Oscillating Surge Wave Energy Converter  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report is an addendum to SAND2013-9040: Methodology for Design and Economic Analysis of Marine Energy Conversion (MEC) Technologies. This report describes an Oscillating Water Column Wave Energy Converter (OSWEC) reference model design in a complementary manner to Reference Models 1-4 contained in the above report. A conceptual design for a taut moored oscillating surge wave energy converter was developed. The design had an annual electrical power of 108 kilowatts (kW), rated power of 360 kW, and intended deployment at water depths between 50 m and 100 m. The study includes structural analysis, power output estimation, a hydraulic power conversion chain system, and mooring designs. The results were used to estimate device capital cost and annual operation and maintenance costs. The device performance and costs were used for the economic analysis, following the methodology presented in SAND2013-9040 that included costs for designing, manufacturing, deploying, and operating commercial-scale MEC arrays up to 100 devices. The levelized cost of energy estimated for the Reference Model 5 OSWEC, presented in this report, was for a single device and arrays of 10, 50, and 100 units, and it enabled the economic analysis to account for cost reductions associated with economies of scale. The baseline commercial levelized cost of energy estimate for the Reference Model 5 device in an array comprised of 10 units is $1.44/kilowatt-hour (kWh), and the value drops to approximately $0.69/kWh for an array of 100 units.

Yu, Y. H.; Jenne, D. S.; Thresher, R.; Copping, A.; Geerlofs, S.; Hanna, L. A.

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Design considerations for a thermophotovoltaic energy converter using heat pipe radiators  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this paper is to discuss concepts for using high temperature heat pipes to transport energy from a heat source to a thermophotovoltaic (TPV) converter. Within the converter, the condenser portion of each heat pipe acts as a photon radiator, providing a radiant flux to adjacent TPV cells, which in turn create electricity. Using heat pipes in this way could help to increase the power output and the power density of TPV systems. TPV systems with radiator temperatures in the range of 1,500 K are expected to produce as much as 3.6 W/cm{sup 3} of heat exchanger volume at an efficiency of 20% or greater. Four different arrangements of heat pipe-TPV energy converters are considered. Performance and sizing calculations for each of the concepts are presented. Finally, concerns with this concept and issues which remain to be considered are discussed.

Ashcroft, J.; DePoy, D. [Lockheed Martin Corp., Schenectady, NY (United States)

1997-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Solar thermionic power plant (II)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

It has been shown that the geometric configuration of a central receiver solar electric power plant (SEPP) can be optimized for the high power density and concentration required for the operation of a thermionic converter. The working period of a Thermionic Diode Converter constructed on the top of a SEPP in Riyadh area is found to be 5 to 6 hours per day in winter and 6 to 8 hours in summer. 17 refs.

Abou-Elfotouh, F.; Almassary, M.; Fatmi, H.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "module-integrated power converters" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Peak power tracking for a solar buck charger  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis discusses the design, implementation, and testing of a buck converter with peak power tracking. The peak power tracker uses a perturb and observe algorithm to actively track the solar panel's peak power point ...

Cohen, Jeremy Michael, M. Eng. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Total compensation of line-side switching harmonics in converter-fed ac locomotives  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

PWM controlled line-side converters of modern ac traction locomotives inject harmonic currents into the feeding overhead line. This causes problems of electromagnetic interference. Passive or active filters are usually provided for a partial reduction of the line harmonics. A novel and superior approach employs a switched electronic compensator. It generates an exact replica of the harmonic current, feeding it to the high-voltage transformer to produce a harmonic counter MMF. The transformer main flux is then forced to be sinusoidal, and so is the induced voltage in the primary. The line current, being low-pass filtered by the transformer leakage inductance, assumes a pure sinusoidal waveform. The compensator operates in the low switching frequency range of the main power converters. Its installed power is only 1% of the traction power. Operation, control, and design considerations are described. Results from laboratory tests at full power level are presented.

Krah, J.O.; Holtz, J. [Univ. of Wuppertal (Germany)] [Univ. of Wuppertal (Germany)

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

A Hybrid Energy System Using Cascaded H-bridge Converter , Zhong Du2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

schemes were developed to extract maximum wind power and charge/discharge the battery with fast dynamics proposes a hybrid energy system to integrate the variable-speed wind turbine, fuel cell, and battery using a cascaded H-bridge converter. One of the advantages of this topology is that it still can obtain

Tolbert, Leon M.

264

An Improved MPPT Interleaved Boost Converter for Solar Electric Vehicle Application  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

during transient and instantaneous peak power demands of an electric vehicle (EV) and to recover energyAn Improved MPPT Interleaved Boost Converter for Solar Electric Vehicle Application F. Khoucha, A and lower device stress than conventional designs, for solar electric vehicle (SEV) applications

Boyer, Edmond

265

Stresa, Italy, 25-27 April 2007 STEP-UP CONVERTER FOR ELECTROMAGNETIC VIBRATIONAL ENERGY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

micro-machined vibration based power generator with diode based voltage multiplier (VM) circuits which the piezoceramic composite beam coupled with a flyback converter circuit and also derived the equivalent circuits and the EM vibration harvesting device. The measured and calculated results of the VM circuits for the

Boyer, Edmond

266

Direct current uninterruptible power supply method and system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method and system are described for providing a direct current (DC) uninterruptible power supply with the method including, for example: continuously supplying fuel to a turbine; converting mechanical power from the turbine into alternating current (AC) electrical power; converting the AC electrical power to DC power within a predetermined voltage level range; supplying the DC power to a load; and maintaining a DC load voltage within the predetermined voltage level range by adjusting the amount of fuel supplied to the turbine.

Sinha, Gautam

2003-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

267

Converting Waste into Clean Renewable Fuel  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Converting Waste into Clean Renewable Fuel Presented at TechRealization August 27th, 2008 #12;2 Outline · Introduction to InEnTec · InEnTec's Waste-to-Fuels Technology · Richland Project #12;In conversion options · Conversion of waste into clean transportation fuels (i.e. ethanol, methanol, DME, etc

268

Emitter tests in an open thermionic converter with vapor injection through the collector  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Mo and Pt emitters and a Ni collector with 400 laser-bored holes were used in an ''open'' thermionic converter. The alkali vapor was introduced into the converter through the array of holes in the collector from an adjacent alkali metal reservoir with separately controlled temperature. The overall results from the open thermionic converter are comparable to results from enclosed converters. The results found with a Cs plasma are encouraging, with barrier indices down to below 1.8 eV, at emitter temperatures around 1500 K in the case of a Mo emitter. The output power density was around 3.5 W cm/sup -2/. In the case of a Pt emitter, both Cs and K plasmas were used, with power densities up to 5.7 and 1.8 W cm/sup -2/, respectively close to 1800 K. The structure of the laser-bored collector may have contributed to these results, as well as the efficient removal of impurities in the ''open'' converter.

Wriedt, S.; Moeller, K.; Holmlid, L.

1986-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

269

Energy Storage System Sizing for Smoothing Power Generation , P. Bydlowski  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy Storage System Sizing for Smoothing Power Generation of Direct J. Aubry1 , P. Bydlowski 1 E-mail: judicael.aubry Abstract This paper examines the sizing energy storage system (ESS) for energy converter. Keywords: Energy Storage System (ESS), power smoothing, Direct Wave Energy Converter, Supercapacitor, Power

Boyer, Edmond

270

DA/MA: Multi-objective optimization of LCC resonant converter applied in high-voltage generator  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, transformer, and a cascaded rectifier, is shown below. Particular task of this project is to reduce power losses, volume, and stress of the components with the designated input and output specifications and the analytical converter large-signal model. Expected study and research work includes: · Extend the power loss

Paderborn, Universität

271

The neutron-physical aspects of the converter reactor with single-element TFE. [ZrH; Be; Al; U  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper presents a discussion of the main parameters of a thermionic converter reactor with zirconium hydride moderator using a single-element fuel element built into the core. Power distribution of the thermionic fuel element, reactivity changes with time, temperature effects and power density were investigated with Monte Carlo calculations. (AIP)

Glushkov, E.S.; Kompanietz, G.V.; Kosovskii, V.G.; Kukharkin, N.E.; Ponomarev-Stepnoi, N.N.; Smirnov, O.N.; Usov, V.A. (Khurchatov Institute of Atomic Energy, Moscow, USSR (US))

1991-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

272

Analysis of emitter material transport in thermionic converter  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Output power and efficiency of a thermionic converter depend on temperatures, cesiated work functions, and emissivities of electrodes as well as the interelectrode gap size. Operation lifetime of a thermionic converter is directly related to the values as well as the stability of these parameters, which can be seriously altered by the transport of emitter material to the collector during operation. Loss rate of tungsten, a preferred emitter material, by sublimation at typical operating temperatures is small (about 3{times}10{sup 7} atom/cm{sup 2}sec at 2000 K). The loss rate, however, can be several orders of magnitude higher in the presence of gaseous contaminants. Accelerated transport of emitter material to collector surface changes the effective emissivity and work functions of the electrodes, resulting in performance degradation. A phenomenological model was developed to simulate emitter material transport to the collector in the presence of oxygen, water vapor, and carbon oxide contaminants. The model accounts for interaction of these contaminants with both emitter and collector. Model results were in agreement with experimental data and theoretical results of other investigators. An analysis was performed to determine steady-state chemical composition of deposited material onto the collector surface in the presence of H{sub 2}O, O{sub 2}, and H{sub 2} gaseous contaminants. {copyright} {ital 1996 American Institute of Physics.}

Paramonov, D.V.; El-Genk, M.S. [Institute for Space and Nuclear Power Studies, Chemical and Nuclear Engineering Department, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87131 (United States)

1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Thermionic converters for an Integrated Solar Upper Stage (ISUS)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Integrated Solar Upper Stage (ISUS) is a solar bimodal system which combines thermal propulsion and electric power generation in a single integrated system. A thermionic converter was designed and fabricated for the ISUS system. The ISUS thermionic energy converters differ from previous designs, due to the significant changes in operating temperature prior to and during an eclipse, with the emitter temperature increasing from 1,900 K to 2,200 K, and then back again. A complete thermal and electrical model was developed for a planar diode to determine optimum operating dimensions and parameters. The model includes an overall energy balance for the diode, and changes the interelectrode gap spacing due to thermal expansion of the parts as the emitter and/or collector temperatures change. Cesium pressure can be chosen from an external liquid reservoir, an integral reservoir using cesium intercalated into graphite attached to the collector heat pipe, or optimum cesium pressure. With optimum cesium pressure, the maximum efficiency increases from 14% to 16% as the emitter temperature increases from 1,900 K to 2,200 K. The improvement in efficiency is only 2% as the emitter temperature is increased. Optimum efficiency requires an external, actively controlled liquid reservoir.

Anderson, W.G.; Horner-Richardson, K. [Thermacore, Inc., Lancaster, PA (United States)

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

274

TEC as electric generator in an automobile catalytic converter  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Modern cars use more and more electric power due to more on-board electric systems, e.g., ABS brakes, active suspension systems, electric windows, chair adjustment systems and electronic engine control systems. One possible energy source for electricity generation is to use the waste heat from the car`s engine, which generally is as much as 80% of the total energy from the combustion of the gasoline. Maybe the best location to tap the excess heat is the Catalytic Converter (Cat) in the exhaust system or perhaps at the exhaust pipes close to the engine. The Cat must be kept within a certain temperature interval. Large amounts of heat are dissipated through the wall of the Cat. A Thermionic Energy Converter (TEC) in coaxial form could conveniently be located around the ceramic cartridge of the Cat. Since the TEC is a rather good heat insulator before it reaches its working temperature the Cat will reach working temperature faster, and the final temperature of it can be controlled better when encapsulated in a concentric TEC arrangement. It is also possible to regulate the temperature of the Cat and the TEC by controlling the electrical load of the TEC. The possible working temperatures of present and future Cats appear very suitable for the new low work function collector TEC, which has been demonstrated to work down to 470 K.

Svensson, R. [Chalmers Univ. of Technology, Goeteborg (Sweden); Holmlid, L. [Univ. of Goeteborg (Sweden). Dept. of Physical Chemistry

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

275

Next-Generation Power Electronics: Reducing Energy Waste and...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

power electronics. This technology uses electronic components such as inverters and transformers to convert the electricity from your wall outlet into the right voltage and current...

276

The Political Economy of Wind Power in China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

by which wind turbine technology converts wind energy intoWind energy developers – usually power companies combined with a wind turbine

Swanson, Ryan Landon

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

Combustion converter development for topping and cogeneration applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper discusses the development of combustion-heated thermionic converters. Combustion applications pose a materials problem that does not exist for thermionic converters used in the vacuum of outer space. The high-temperature components of a thermionic converter must be protected from the oxidizing terrestrial environment. A layer of silicon carbide provides the most satisfactory protective coating, or ''hot shell,'' for the emitter and lead of a combustion-heated thermionic converter. Four areas of work aimed at developing combustion heated thermionic converters will be discussed: improving the performance of the two-inch torispherical converter, modifications to the converter so that it may be used in multi-converter modules, the construction of a thermionic cogeneration test furnace, and a converter life test in an oil-fired furnace.

Goodale, D.; Lieb, D.; Miskolczy, G.; Moffat, A.

1983-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Design and implementation of a scalable encryption processor with embedded variable dc/dc converter  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This work describes the design and implementation of an energy-efficient, scalable encryption processor that utilizes variable voltage supply techniques and a highefficiency embedded variable output DC/DC converter. The resulting implementation dissipates 134nJ/bit @ V DD = 2.5V, when encrypting at its maximum rate of 1Mb/s using a maximum datapath width of 512 bits. The embedded converter achieves an efficiency of 96 % at this peak load. The processor is 2-3 orders of magnitude more energy efficient than optimized assembly code running on a low-power processor such as the StrongARM. 2.

James Goodman; Anantha Chandrakasan; Abram P. Dancy

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Optical analog-to-digital converter  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An optical analog-to-digital converter (ADC) is disclosed which converts an input optical analog signal to an output optical digital signal at a sampling rate defined by a sampling optical signal. Each bit of the digital representation is separately determined using an optical waveguide interferometer and an optical thresholding element. The interferometer uses the optical analog signal and the sampling optical signal to generate a sinusoidally-varying output signal using cross-phase-modulation (XPM) or a photocurrent generated from the optical analog signal. The sinusoidally-varying output signal is then digitized by the thresholding element, which includes a saturable absorber or at least one semiconductor optical amplifier, to form the optical digital signal which can be output either in parallel or serially.

Vawter, G. Allen (Corrales, NM); Raring, James (Goleta, CA); Skogen, Erik J. (Albuquerque, NM)

2009-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

280

Further testing and development of an 11-watt Stirling converter  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Three previous IECEC papers describe the development of an 11-watt Radioisotope Stirling Generator (RSG) intended for remote power applications. This paper describes more recent testing and development activities. Testing of the engineering model (EM) was performed to determine the effect of heat rejection temperature, thermal input and initial charge pressure on thermal efficiency. Shock testing of the generator included a drop test and 3 hours of testing in a random vibration environment where g{sup 2}/Hz = 0.04. Endurance testing of a complete Stirling converter continues, with over 15,000 maintenance-free operating hours. Endurance testing of critical subsystems and components has achieved 14,000 to 26,000 hours of operation without failure. Minor changes to the RSG prototype design, based on the development of the EM, are described.

Ross, B.A.; Montgomery, W.L. [Stirling Technology Co., Richland, WA (United States)

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "module-integrated power converters" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Utilizing zero-sequence switchings for reversible converters  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method for providing additional dc inputs or outputs (49, 59) from a dc-to-ac inverter (10) for controlling motor loads (60) comprises deriving zero-sequence components (V.sub.ao, V.sub.bo, and V.sub.co) from the inverter (10) through additional circuit branches with power switching devices (23, 44, 46), transforming the voltage between a high voltage and a low voltage using a transformer or motor (42, 50), converting the low voltage between ac and dc using a rectifier (41, 51) or an H-bridge (61), and providing at least one low voltage dc input or output (49, 59). The transformation of the ac voltage may be either single phase or three phase. Where less than a 100% duty cycle is acceptable, a two-phase modulation of the switching signals controlling the inverter (10) reduces switching losses in the inverter (10). A plurality of circuits for carrying out the invention are also disclosed.

Hsu, John S.; Su, Gui-Jia; Adams, Donald J.; Nagashima, James M.; Stancu, Constantin; Carlson, Douglas S.; Smith, Gregory S.

2004-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

282

A Guidebook on Grid Interconnection and Islanded Operation of Mini-Grid Power Systems Up to 200 kW  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

are waived for solar projects that do not sell power to thethat convert DC power to AC. Since solar PV modules produce

Greacen, Chris

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER ELECTRONICS, VOL. 17, NO. 5, SEPTEMBER 2002 669 Adaptive Piezoelectric Energy Harvesting Circuit for  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

­dc converter. This approach is similar to the so-called maximum power point trackers used to maximize power from solar cells [7]­[10

Hofmann, Heath F.

284

GTRI's Convert program | National Nuclear Security Administration  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Twitter Youtube Flickr RSS People Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure...

285

Fabrication and Testing of Full-Length Single-Cell Externally Fueled Converters for Thermionic Reactors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The preceding paper described designs and analyses of thermionic reactors employing full-core-length single-cell converters with their heated emitters located on the outside of their internally cooled collectors, and it presented results of detailed parametric analyses which illustrate the benefits of this unconventional design. The present paper describes the fabrication and testing of full-length prototypical converters, both unfueled and fueled, and presents parametric results of electrically heated tests. The unfueled converter tests demonstrated the practicality of operating such long converters without shorting across a 0.3-mm interelectrode gap. They produced a measured peak output of 751 watts(e) from a single diode and a peak efficiency of 15.4%. The fueled converter tests measured the parametric performance of prototypic UO(subscript 2)-fueled converters designed for subsequent in-pile testing. They employed revolver-shaped tungsten elements with a central emitter hole surrounded by six fuel chambers. The full-length converters were heated by a water-cooled RF-induction coil inside an ion-pumped vacuum chamber. This required development of high-vacuum coaxial RF feedthroughs. In-pile test rules required multiple containment of the UO (subscript 2)-fuel, which complicated the fabrication of the test article and required successful development of techniques for welding tungsten and other refractory components. The test measured a peak power output of 530 watts(e) or 7.1 watts/cm (superscript 2) at an efficiency of 11.5%. There are three copies in the file. Cross-Reference a copy FSC-ESD-217-94-529 in the ESD files with a CID #8574.

Schock, Alfred

1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Heat Pump Water Heater using Solid-State Energy Converters |...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Heat Pump Water Heater using Solid-State Energy Converters Heat Pump Water Heater using Solid-State Energy Converters Sheetak will work on developing a full scale prototype of its...

287

An economical single to three phase converter for induction motors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

There are several different types of single to three phase converters for induction motors available today. However, many of the presently available phase converters suffer from disadvantages such as high cost or low performance. An economical...

Di Zerega, Philp Van Uytandaele

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Weekly Wrap-Up: Testing Wind Blades, Converting Carbon Emissions...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Weekly Wrap-Up: Testing Wind Blades, Converting Carbon Emissions, and Eco-Driving Weekly Wrap-Up: Testing Wind Blades, Converting Carbon Emissions, and Eco-Driving July 23, 2010 -...

289

LM2907LM2917FrequencytoVoltageConverter February 1995  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

TL H 7942 LM2907LM2917FrequencytoVoltageConverter February 1995 LM2907 LM2917 Frequency to Voltage Converter General Description The LM2907 LM2917 series are monolithic frequency to voltage converters doubling for low ripple full input protection in two versions (LM2907-8 LM2917-8) and its output swings

Wedeward, Kevin

290

Multicore Architecture for Control and Emulation of Power Electronics and Smart Grid Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, and control subsystem on the other side. Power electronics enables power flow interface of solar photovoltaic Modeling The boost converter is a high efficiency DC/DC switching-mode power converter, with an output DCMulticore Architecture for Control and Emulation of Power Electronics and Smart Grid Systems Michel

Sanders, Seth

291

Hybrid power source  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A hybrid power system is comprised of a high energy density element such as a fuel-cell and high power density elements such as a supercapacitor banks. A DC/DC converter electrically connected to the fuel cell and converting the energy level of the energy supplied by the fuel cell. A first switch is electrically connected to the DC/DC converter. First and second supercapacitors are electrically connected to the first switch and a second switch. A controller is connected to the first switch and the second switch, monitoring charge levels of the supercapacitors and controls the switching in response to the charge levels. A load is electrically connected to the second switch. The first switch connects the DC/DC converter to the first supercapacitor when the second switch connects the second supercapacitor to the load. The first switch connects the DC/DC converter to the second supercapacitor when the second switch connects the first supercapacitor to the load.

Singh, Harmohan N.

2012-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

292

Photovoltaic converter having apertured reflective enclosure  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This patent describes a photovoltaic converter. It comprises: a photovoltaic cell having an incident face upon which light is directed to cause photogeneration; an enclosure over the incident face, the wall of the enclosure having a reflective inner surface spaced apart from the incident face to permit light reflected from the incident face to be re-reflected by the inner surface and back to the photovoltaic cell; and an aperture through the wall of the enclosure to permit light to fall directly upon the voltaic cell. The ratio of the area of the aperture to the are of the incident face of the photovoltaic cell is less than about 0.2.

Sinton, R.A.; Swanson, R.M.

1990-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

293

convert program | National Nuclear Security Administration  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarlyEnergyDepartmentNational NuclearhasAdministration goSecuritycdns | Nationalcontracting |convert

294

Advanced Gate Drive for the SNS High Voltage Converter Modulator  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory is developing a next generation H-bridge switch plate [1], a critical component of the SNS High Voltage Converter Modulator [2]. As part of that effort, a new IGBT gate driver has been developed. The drivers are an integral part of the switch plate, which are essential to ensuring fault-tolerant, high-performance operation of the modulator. The redesigned driver improves upon the existing gate drive in several ways. The new gate driver has improved fault detection and suppression capabilities; suppression of shoot-through and over-voltage conditions, monitoring of dI/dt and Vce(sat) for fast over-current detection and suppression, and redundant power isolation are some of the added features. In addition, triggering insertion delay is reduced by a factor of four compared to the existing driver. This paper details the design and performance of the new IGBT gate driver. A simplified schematic and description of the construction are included. The operation of the fast over-current detection circuits, active IGBT over-voltage protection circuit, shoot-through prevention circuitry, and control power isolation breakdown detection circuit are discussed.

Nguyen, M.N.; Burkhart, C.; Kemp, M.A.; /SLAC; Anderson, D.E.; /Oak Ridge

2009-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

295

Converting online algorithms to local computation algorithms  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We propose a general method for converting online algorithms to local computation algorithms by selecting a random permutation of the input, and simulating running the online algorithm. We bound the number of steps of the algorithm using a query tree, which models the dependencies between queries. We improve previous analyses of query trees on graphs of bounded degree, and extend the analysis to the cases where the degrees are distributed binomially, and to a special case of bipartite graphs. Using this method, we give a local computation algorithm for maximal matching in graphs of bounded degree, which runs in time and space O(log^3 n). We also show how to convert a large family of load balancing algorithms (related to balls and bins problems) to local computation algorithms. This gives several local load balancing algorithms which achieve the same approximation ratios as the online algorithms, but run in O(log n) time and space. Finally, we modify existing local computation algorithms for hypergraph 2-color...

Mansour, Yishay; Vardi, Shai; Xie, Ning

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Advanced Converter Systems for High Temperature Environments  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Acquire, test, and characterize newer technology SiC power devices Determine novel inverterconverter designs, packaging, and thermal control for WBG devices dev Merit elopment...

297

Third generation development of an 11-watt Stirling converter  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper describes recent design enhancements, performance results, and development of an artificial neural network (ANN) model related to the Radioisotope Stirling Generator (RSG), an 11-watt converter designed for remote power applications. Design enhancements include minor changes to improve performance, increase reliability, facilitate fabrication and assembly for limited production, and reduce mass. Innovative modifications were effected to increase performance and improve reliability of the vacuum foil insulation (VFI) package and linear alternator. High and low operating temperature acceptance testing of the Engineering Model (EM) demonstrated the robust system characteristics. These tests were conducted for 1 week of operation each, with rejector temperatures of 95 C and 20 C, respectively. Endurance testing continues for a complete Stirling converter, the Development Model (DM), with over 25,000 hours of maintenance-free operation. Endurance testing of flexures has attained over 540 flexure-years and endurance testing of linear motors/alternators has achieved nearly 27,000 hours of operation without failure. An ANN model was developed and tested successfully on the DM. Rejection temperatures were varied between 3 C and 75 C while load voltages ranged between engine stall and displacer overstroke. The trained ANN model, based solely on externally measured parameters, predicted values of piston amplitude, displacer amplitude, and piston-displacer phase angle within {+-}2% of the measured values over the entire operating regime. The ANN model demonstrated its effectiveness in the long-term evaluation of free-piston Stirling machines without adding the complexity, reduced reliability, and increased cost of sophisticated diagnostic instrumentation.

Montgomery, W.L.; Ross, B.A.; Penswick, L.B. [Stirling Technology Co., Kennewick, WA (United States)

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

298

Reference Model 6 (RM6): Oscillating Wave Energy Converter.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report is an addendum to SAND2013-9040: Methodology for Design and Economic Analysis of Marine Energy Conversion (MEC) Technologies. This report describes an Oscillating Water Column Wave Energy Converter reference model design in a complementary manner to Reference Models 1-4 contained in the above report. In this report, a conceptual design for an Oscillating Water Column Wave Energy Converter (WEC) device appropriate for the modeled reference resource site was identified, and a detailed backward bent duct buoy (BBDB) device design was developed using a combination of numerical modeling tools and scaled physical models. Our team used the methodology in SAND2013-9040 for the economic analysis that included costs for designing, manufacturing, deploying, and operating commercial-scale MEC arrays, up to 100 devices. The methodology was applied to identify key cost drivers and to estimate levelized cost of energy (LCOE) for this RM6 Oscillating Water Column device in dollars per kilowatt-hour (%24/kWh). Although many costs were difficult to estimate at this time due to the lack of operational experience, the main contribution of this work was to disseminate a detailed set of methodologies and models that allow for an initial cost analysis of this emerging technology. This project is sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Wind and Water Power Technologies Program Office (WWPTO), within the Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy (EERE). Sandia National Laboratories, the lead in this effort, collaborated with partners from National Laboratories, industry, and universities to design and test this reference model.

Bull, Diana L; Smith, Chris; Jenne, Dale Scott; Jacob, Paul; Copping, Andrea; Willits, Steve; Fontaine, Arnold; Brefort, Dorian; Gordon, Margaret Ellen; Copeland, Robert; Jepsen, Richard A.

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

A three-phase converter model for harmonic analysis of HVDC systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An equivalent circuit model is presented to model bridge converters for three-phase HVDC harmonic power flow analysis. The validity and accuracy of the model are verified by comparing simulation results against field test results. The model is interfaced with a multiphase harmonic load flow program to investigate the generation of non-characteristic harmonics from HVDC links and the flow of HVDC harmonics in a real system.

Xu, W.; Drakos, J.E.; Mansour, Y.; Chang, A. (B.C. Hydro, Burnaby, British Columbia (Canada))

1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

6.334 Power Electronics, Spring 2003  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The application of electronics to energy conversion and control; phase-controlled rectifier/inverter circuits, dc/dc converters, high-frequency inverters, and motion control systems. Characteristics of power semiconductor ...

Perreault, David John

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "module-integrated power converters" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

High Efficiency Thermionics (HET-IV) and Converter Advancement (CAP) programs. Final reports  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report contains the final report of the High Efficiency Thermionics (HET-IV) Program, Attachment A, performed at Rasor Associates, Inc. (RAI); and the final report of the Converter Advancement Program (CAP), performed at the Bettis Atomic Power Laboratory, Attachment B. The phenomenology of cesium-oxygen thermionic converters was elucidated in these programs, and the factors that had prevented the achievement of stable, enhanced cesium-oxygen converter performance for the previous thirty years were identified. Based on these discoveries, cesium-oxygen vapor sources were developed that achieved stable performance with factor-of-two improvements in power density and thermal efficiency, relative to conventional, cesium-only ignited mode thermionic converters. Key achievements of the HET-IV/CAP programs are as follows: a new technique for measuring minute traces of oxygen in cesium atmospheres; the determination of the proper range of oxygen partial pressures for optimum converter performance--10{sup {minus}7} to 10{sup {minus}9} torr; the discovery, and analysis of the cesium-oxygen liquid migration and compositional segregation phenomena; the successful use of capillary forces to contain the migration phenomenon; the use of differential heating to control compositional segregation, and induce vapor circulation; the development of mechanically and chemically stable, porous reservoir structures; the development of precise, in situ oxygen charging methods; stable improvements in emitter performance, up to effective emitter bare work functions of 5.4 eV; stable improvements in barrier index, to value below 1.8 Volts; the development of detailed microscopic models for cesium-oxygen reservoir dynamics and collector work function behavior; and the discovery of new relationships between electrode geometry and Schock Instability.

Geller, C.B.; Murray, C.S.; Riley, D.R. [Bettis Atomic Power Lab., West Mifflin, PA (United States)] [Bettis Atomic Power Lab., West Mifflin, PA (United States); Desplat, J.L.; Hansen, L.K.; Hatch, G.L.; McVey, J.B.; Rasor, N.S. [Rasor Associates, Inc., Sunnyvale, CA (United States)] [Rasor Associates, Inc., Sunnyvale, CA (United States)

1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Abstract- CONVERTING SOUND ENERGY TO ELECTRIC ENERGY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We all know everywhere there is huge scarcity of energy and for running most of our appliances and to carry out daily work we need electricity. It’s really very difficult to imagine our life without electricity, our life would really stop so there is high need, to produce electricity at faster rate and find some other feasible method to produce electric energy. On the other hand we see that in this modern world there is lot of noise pollution in roads, airports, industries.... Just think if we would be able to convert this NOISE POLLUTION TO ELECTRIC ENERGY....??? Yes this could be made possible let’s see how Scientific explanation:- sound is a mechanical form of energy which travel in the form of wave, mechanical wave that is an oscillation of pressure this pressure created by the

Shalabh Rakesh Bhatnagar (srb

303

Mechanical vibration to electrical energy converter  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Electromechanical devices that generate an electrical signal in response to an external source of mechanical vibrations can operate as a sensor of vibrations and as an energy harvester for converting mechanical vibration to electrical energy. The devices incorporate a magnet that is movable through a gap in a ferromagnetic circuit, wherein a coil is wound around a portion of the ferromagnetic circuit. A flexible coupling is used to attach the magnet to a frame for providing alignment of the magnet as it moves or oscillates through the gap in the ferromagnetic circuit. The motion of the magnet can be constrained to occur within a substantially linear range of magnetostatic force that develops due to the motion of the magnet. The devices can have ferromagnetic circuits with multiple arms, an array of magnets having alternating polarity and, encompass micro-electromechanical (MEM) devices.

Kellogg, Rick Allen (Tijeras, NM); Brotz, Jay Kristoffer (Albuquerque, NM)

2009-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

304

Graphene optical-to-thermal converter  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Infrared plasmons in doped graphene nanostructures produce large optical absorption that can be used for narrow-band thermal light emission at tunable frequencies that strongly depend on the doping charge. By virtue of Kirchhoff's law, thermal light emission is proportional to the absorption, thus resulting in narrow emission lines associated with the electrically controlled plasmons of heated graphene. Here we show that realistic designs of graphene plasmonic structures can release over 90% of the emission through individual infrared lines with 1% bandwidth. We examine anisotropic graphene structures in which efficient heating can be produced upon optical pumping tuned to a plasmonic absorption resonance situated in the blue region relative to the thermal emission. An incoherent thermal light converter is thus achieved. Our results open a radically different approach for designing tunable nanoscale infrared light sources.

Manjavacas, Alejandro; Greffet, Jean-Jacques; de Abajo, F Javier García

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

SunLab: Concentrating Solar Power Program Overview  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

DOE's Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) program is collaborating with its partners in the private sector to develop two new solar technologies -- power towers and dish/engines -- to meet the huge commercial potential for solar power. Concentrating solar power plants produce electric power by first converting the sun's energy into heat, and then to electricity in a conventional generator.

NONE

1998-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

306

New approaches for the reduction of plasma arc drop in second-generation thermionic converters. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Investigations of ion generation and recombination mechanisms in the cesium plasma as they pertain to the advanced mode thermionic energy converter are described. The changes in plasma density and temperature within the converter have been studied under the influence of several promising auxiliary ionization candidate sources. Three novel approaches of external cesium ion generation have been investigated in some detail, namely vibrationally excited N/sub 2/ as an energy source of ionization of Cs ions in a DC discharge, microwave power as a means of resonant sustenance of the cesium plasma, and ion generation in a pulse N/sub 2/-Cs mixture. The experimental data obtained and discussed show that all three techniques - i.e. the non-LTE high-voltage pulsing, the energy transfer from vibrationally excited diatomic gases, and the external pumping with a microwave power - have considerable promise as schemes in auxiliary ion generation applicable to the advanced thermionic energy converter.

Hatziprokopiou, M.E.; Shaw, D.T.

1981-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

307

Programmable AC power supply for simulating power transient expected in fusion reactor  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper focus on control engineering of the programmable AC power source which has capability to simulate power transient expected in fusion reactor. To generate the programmable power source, AC-AC power electronics converter is adopted to control the power of a set of heaters to represent the transient phenomena of heat exchangers or heat sources of a fusion reactor. The International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER) plasma operation scenario is used as the basic reference for producing this transient power source. (authors)

Halimi, B. [Seoul National Univ., Seoul 151-744 (Korea, Republic of); Suh, K. Y. [Seoul National Univ., Seoul 151-744 (Korea, Republic of); PHILOSOPHIA, 1 Gwanak Ro, Gwanak Gu, Seoul 151-744 (Korea, Republic of)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Smart Power Laboratory (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This fact sheet describes the purpose, lab specifications, applications scenarios, and information on how to partner with NREL's Smart Power Laboratory at the Energy Systems Integration Facility. Research at NREL's Smart Power Laboratory in the Energy Systems Integration Facility (ESIF) focuses on the development and integration of smart technologies including the integration of distributed and renewable energy resources through power electronics and smart energy management for building applications. The 5,300 sq. ft. laboratory is designed to be highly flexible and configurable, essential for a large variety of smart power applications that range from developing advanced inverters and power converters to testing residential and commercial scale meters and control technologies. Some application scenarios are: (1) Development of power converters for integration of distributed and renewable energy resources; (2) Development of advanced controls for smart power electronics; (3) Testing prototype and commercially available power converters for electrical interconnection and performance, advanced functionality, long duration reliability and safety; and (4) Hardware-in-loop development and testing of power electronics systems in smart distribution grid models.

Not Available

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

36 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INDUSTRY APPLICATIONS, VOL. 35, NO. 1, JANUARY/FEBRUARY 1999 Multilevel Converters for Large Electric Drives  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Converters for Large Electric Drives Leon M. Tolbert, Senior Member, IEEE, Fang Zheng Peng, Senior Member multilevel con- verters as an application for high-power and/or high-voltage electric motor drives all-electric drives because it uses several levels of dc voltage sources, which would be available

Tolbert, Leon M.

310

NATURE MATERIALS | VOL 13 | MARCH 2014 | www.nature.com/naturematerials 233 hotovoltaic devices --which convert abundant, free solar  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- and downconversion11 , technologies that, like the multi-junction strategy, offer a roadmap beyond the Shockley dot photovoltaics Xinzheng Lan1,2 , Silvia Masala1,3 and Edward H. Sargent1 * The solar -- which convert abundant, free solar radiation into electric power -- are increasingly required to offer

311

Abstract --When a real time digital simulator, emulating a switched circuit such as a voltage source converter, is interfaced  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Abstract -- When a real time digital simulator, emulating a switched circuit such as a voltage source converter, is interfaced with a digital controller, the controller's firing signals may. Incorrect power flow due to inaccurate firing times and controller errors. 2. Switching jitter due

Lehn, Peter W.

312

A Bi-Directional DC-DC Converter with Minimum Energy Storage Elements Leon M. Tolbert1,3  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

uses an internal combustion diesel engine to drive a radial-gap permanent magnet alternator at variable frequency, variable voltage produced by the permanent magnet alternator is diode-rectified to a high voltage synchronous machines are presently used to convert the mechanical power of the rotating shaft into three

Tolbert, Leon M.

313

Sensorless Direct Torque Control For Salient Pole PMSM Based on Extended Kalman Filter Fed By AC/DC/AC Converter  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sensorless Direct Torque Control For Salient ­ Pole PMSM Based on Extended Kalman Filter Fed By AC is proposed. The Direct Torque Control (DTC) technique for PMSM is receiving increasing attention due on the stochastic intromission, in others words, noise. The PMSM is fed by an indirect power electronic converter

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

314

alcohol angiotensin-converting-enzyme inhibitors: Topics by E...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

complications. There is no specific treatment for membranous nephropathy. Supportive care with the use of diuretics and angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors in combination...

315

Researchers hope better catalysts lead to better ways of converting...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Researchers hope better catalysts lead to better ways of converting biomass to fuel By Jared Sagoff * August 7, 2013 Tweet EmailPrint ARGONNE, Ill. - Scientists and entrepreneurs...

316

A microwave metamaterial with integrated power harvesting functionality Allen M. Hawkes,a)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A microwave metamaterial with integrated power harvesting functionality Allen M. Hawkes power harvesting, the focus of this work. Power harvesting devices convert one type of energy to another, typically converting to a direct current (DC) signal. Many types of energy can be harvested, from acoustic

Cummer, Steven A.

317

Converting acoustic energy into useful other energy forms  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Sonoluminescence is an off-equilibrium phenomenon in which the energy of a resonant sound wave in a liquid is highly concentrated so as to generate flashes of light. The conversion of sound to light represents an energy amplification of eleven orders of magnitude. The flashes which occur once per cycle of the audible or ultrasonic sound fields can be comprised of over one million photons and last for less 100 picoseconds. The emission displays a clocklike synchronicity; the jitter in time between consecutive flashes is less than fifty picoseconds. The emission is blue to the eye and has a broadband spectrum increasing from 700 nanometers to 200 nanometers. The peak power is about 100 milliWatts. The initial stage of the energy focusing is effected by the nonlinear oscillations of a gas bubble trapped in the liquid. For sufficiently high drive pressures an imploding shock wave is launched into the gas by the collapsing bubble. The reflection of the shock from its focal point results in high temperatures and pressures. The sonoluminescence light emission can be sustained by sensing a characteristic of the emission and feeding back changes into the driving mechanism. The liquid is in a sealed container and the seeding of the gas bubble is effected by locally heating the liquid after sealing the container. Different energy forms than light can be obtained from the converted acoustic energy. When the gas contains deuterium and tritium there is the feasibility of the other energy form being fusion, namely including the generation of neutrons.

Putterman, Seth J. (Sherman Oaks, CA); Barber, Bradley Paul (Northridge, CA); Hiller, Robert Anthony (Los Angeles, CA); Lofstedt, Ritva Maire Johanna (Los Angeles, CA)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Geek-Up[6.10.2011]: Thermoelectrics' Great Power, Key Ingredient...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

exhaust systems that convert exhaust heat into electricity, concentrate solar energy for power generation and recover waste heat from industrial processes. With the ability to...

319

Ability of Catalytic Converters to Reduce Air Pollution  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NOx - 1 Ability of Catalytic Converters to Reduce Air Pollution MEASUREMENT OF SELECTED AIR POLLUTANTS IN CAR EXHAUST Last updated: June 17, 2014 #12;NOx - 2 Ability of Catalytic Converters to Reduce Air Pollution MEASUREMENT OF SELECTED AIR POLLUTANTS IN CAR EXHAUST INTRODUCTION Automobile engines

Nizkorodov, Sergey

320

Way to reduce arc voltage losses in hybrid thermionic converters  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Experimental results are reported concerning the output and emission characteristics of the arc and hybrid regimes in a plane-parallel thermionic converter with Pt--Zr--O electrode pair. It is shown that arc voltage losses can be reduced to values below those obtainable in ordinary arc thermionic converters.

Tskhakaya, V.K.; Yarygin, V.I.

1982-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "module-integrated power converters" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

The frequency dependent impedance of an HVdc converter  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A linear and direct method of determining the frequency dependent impedance of a 12 pulse HVdc converter is presented. Terms are developed for both the dc and ac side impedances of the converter, including the effect of the firing angle control system, the commutation period, and the variability of the commutation period. The impedance predictions are verified by dynamic simulation.

Wood, A.R.; Arrillaga, J. [Univ. of Canterbury, Christchurch (New Zealand)] [Univ. of Canterbury, Christchurch (New Zealand)

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

MATHEMATICAL ANALYSIS OF A WAVE ENERGY CONVERTER ARNAUD ROUGIREL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for buoy-type ocean wave energy converter. The simplest model for this scheme is a non autonomous piecewise impact on the environment. In this respect, ocean waves provides a important source of renewable energy. Me- chanical devices that harvest energy stored in ocean waves are called wave energy converter (WEC

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

323

ePOWER Seminar AC solar cells: A new breed of PV power generation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ePOWER Seminar AC solar cells: A new breed of PV power generation Professor Faisal Khan Assistant dc output which needs to be processed and inverted for ac applications. Using a modern manufacturing facility, PV panels could be mass produced without any apparent issues. Unfortunately, power converters

Abolmaesumi, Purang

324

High power microwave generator  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A microwave generator efficiently converts the energy of an intense relativistic electron beam (REB) into a high-power microwave emission using the Smith-Purcell effect which is related to Cerenkov radiation. Feedback for efficient beam bunching and high gain is obtained by placing a cylindrical Smith-Purcell transmission grating on the axis of a toroidal resonator. High efficiency results from the use of a thin cold annular highly-magnetized REB that is closely coupled to the resonant structure.

Ekdahl, C.A.

1983-12-29T23:59:59.000Z

325

High voltage dc--dc converter with dynamic voltage regulation and decoupling during load-generated arcs  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A high-power power supply produces a controllable, constant high voltage output under varying and arcing loads. The power supply includes a voltage regulator, an inductor, an inverter for producing a high frequency square wave current of alternating polarity, an improved inverter voltage clamping circuit, a step up transformer, an output rectifier for producing a dc voltage at the output of each module, and a current sensor for sensing output current. The power supply also provides dynamic response to varying loads by controlling the voltage regulator duty cycle and circuitry is provided for sensing incipient arc currents at the output of the power supply to simultaneously decouple the power supply circuitry from the arcing load. The power supply includes a plurality of discrete switching type dc--dc converter modules. 5 Figs.

Shimer, D.W.; Lange, A.C.

1995-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

326

High voltage dc-dc converter with dynamic voltage regulation and decoupling during load-generated arcs  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A high-power power supply produces a controllable, constant high voltage output under varying and arcing loads. The power supply includes a voltage regulator, an inductor, an inverter for producing a high frequency square wave current of alternating polarity, an improved inverter voltage clamping circuit, a step up transformer, an output rectifier for producing a dc voltage at the output of each module, and a current sensor for sensing output current. The power supply also provides dynamic response to varying loads by controlling the voltage regulator duty cycle and circuitry is provided for sensing incipient arc currents at the output of the power supply to simultaneously decouple the power supply circuitry from the arcing load. The power supply includes a plurality of discrete switching type dc--dc converter modules.

Shimer, Daniel W. (Danville, CA); Lange, Arnold C. (Livermore, CA)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER ELECTRONICS, VOL. 23, NO. 6, NOVEMBER 2008 2905 Eliminate Reactive Power and Increase System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER ELECTRONICS, VOL. 23, NO. 6, NOVEMBER 2008 2905 Eliminate Reactive Power of "reactive power" is de- fined, and the corresponding equations are derived for isolated bidirectional dc­dc converters. It is shown that the reactive power in traditional phase-shift control is inherent

Mi, Chunting "Chris"

328

Power Losses Estimation Platform for Power Songquan Deng, Hong Mao, Tomas Wu, Shangyang Xiao and Issa Batarseh  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Power Losses Estimation Platform for Power Converters Songquan Deng, Hong Mao, Tomas Wu, Shangyang Orlando, FL 32816, USA dengsongquan@hotmail.com Abstract- A power losses analysis platform integrating powerful analysis software PspiceTM , MathCADTM and MaxwellTM capable of calculating losses on the key

Wu, Shin-Tson

329

Microturbine Power Conversion Technology Review  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this study, the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) is performing a technology review to assess the market for commercially available power electronic converters that can be used to connect microturbines to either the electric grid or local loads. The intent of the review is to facilitate an assessment of the present status of marketed power conversion technology to determine how versatile the designs are for potentially providing different services to the grid based on changes in market direction, new industry standards, and the critical needs of the local service provider. The project includes data gathering efforts and documentation of the state-of-the-art design approaches that are being used by microturbine manufacturers in their power conversion electronics development and refinement. This project task entails a review of power converters used in microturbines sized between 20 kW and 1 MW. The power converters permit microturbine generators, with their non-synchronous, high frequency output, to interface with the grid or local loads. The power converters produce 50- to 60-Hz power that can be used for local loads or, using interface electronics, synchronized for connection to the local feeder and/or microgrid. The power electronics enable operation in a stand-alone mode as a voltage source or in grid-connect mode as a current source. Some microturbines are designed to automatically switch between the two modes. The information obtained in this data gathering effort will provide a basis for determining how close the microturbine industry is to providing services such as voltage regulation, combined control of both voltage and current, fast/seamless mode transfers, enhanced reliability, reduced cost converters, reactive power supply, power quality, and other ancillary services. Some power quality improvements will require the addition of storage devices; therefore, the task should also determine what must be done to enable the power conversion circuits to accept a varying dc voltage source. The study will also look at technical issues pertaining to the interconnection and coordinated/compatible operation of multiple microturbines. It is important to know today if modifications to provide improved operation and additional services will entail complete redesign, selected component changes, software modifications, or the addition of power storage devices. This project is designed to provide a strong technical foundation for determining present technical needs and identifying recommendations for future work.

Staunton, R.H.

2003-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

330

Thermal analysis of the ATI thermionic converter for optimum cesium reservoir location  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A first-order thermal analysis was performed on the emitter lead region of the Advanced Thermionic Initiative (ATI) Thermionic Fuel Element (TFE) design. The lead region is the candidate location for a metal-matrix, cesium-graphite reservoir to supply cesium vapor to the thermionic converter. The cesium pressure developed is dependent upon the temperature and cesium-carbon equilibrium reaction of the reservoir. Steady-state, one dimensional conduction, with thermal radiation losses and Joulean heat generation, was used to calculate the temperature distribution in the non-fueled lead region. This temperature distribution was linked to the ATI reactor core design through the integration of axial emitter temperature distributions for the maximum, minimum, and average power TFE fuel pins. The axial temperature distribution in the emitter lead region was found to be most pronounced for the maximum power fuel element and least pronounced for the minimum power TFE.

Young, T.J. (Aerospace Power Division, Wright Laboratory/POOC, Wright-Patterson AFB, Ohio 45433-6563 (United States)); Thayer, K.L.; Ramalingam, M.L. (UES, Inc., 4401 Dayton-Xenia Road, Dayton, Ohio 45432-1894 (United States))

1993-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

331

Ion trapping in the emitter sheath in thermionic converters  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The effect of ion trapping in the emitter sheath in ignited thermionic converters is studied. The ion trapping prevents the emitter-sheath barrier from being higher than approximately 0.1 eV, when the current decreases in the converter. This gives a condition for the constriction of the arc. I-V curves are calculated for an ignited thermionic converter with a hydrodynamic plasma theory that takes into account the effect of Coulomb scattering and volume recombination, but assumes that the electron temperature is constant in the plasma.

Lundgren, L.

1985-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Prediction of core saturation instability at an HVDC converter  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Core saturation instability has occurred on several HVDC schemes resulting from interactions between second harmonic and dc quantities (voltages and currents) on the ac side of the converter and fundamental frequency quantities on the dc side of the converter. The instability can be reinforced by unbalanced saturation of the converter transformers. The paper presents an analytical method which can be used to quickly screen ac and dc system operating conditions to predict where core saturation instability is likely to occur. Analytical results have been confirmed using the digital transients simulation program PSCAD/EMTDC.

Burton, R.S. [Teshmont Consultants, Inc., Winnipeg, Manitoba (Canada)] [Teshmont Consultants, Inc., Winnipeg, Manitoba (Canada); Fuchshuber, C.F. [Alberta Power Ltd., Edmonton, Alberta (Canada)] [Alberta Power Ltd., Edmonton, Alberta (Canada); Woodford, D.A. [Manitoba HVDC Research Centre, Winnipeg, Manitoba (Canada)] [Manitoba HVDC Research Centre, Winnipeg, Manitoba (Canada); Gole, A.M. [Univ. of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba (Canada)] [Univ. of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba (Canada)

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

This article has been accepted for publication in a future issue of this journal, but has not been fully edited. Content may change prior to final publication. Abstract--Asymmetric multilevel converters can optimize the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

fuel cells in a hospital or where a failure may cost thousands of dollars of losses. The topology converters can optimize the number of levels by using H bridges scaled in power of three. The shortcoming

Catholic University of Chile (Universidad Católica de Chile)

334

Design and Analysis for a Floating Oscillating Surge Wave Energy Converter: Preprint  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper presents a recent study on the design and analysis of an oscillating surge wave energy converter. A successful wave energy conversion design requires the balance between the design performance and cost. The cost of energy is often used as the metric to judge the design of the wave energy conversion system. It is often determined based on the device power performance, the cost for manufacturing, deployment, operation and maintenance, as well as the effort to ensure the environmental compliance. The objective of this study is to demonstrate the importance of a cost driven design strategy and how it can affect a WEC design. Three oscillating surge wave energy converter (OSWEC) designs were used as the example. The power generation performance of the design was modeled using a time-domain numerical simulation tool, and the mass properties of the design were determined based on a simple structure analysis. The results of those power performance simulations, the structure analysis and a simple economic assessment were then used to determine the cost-efficiency of selected OSWEC designs. Finally, a discussion on the environmental barrier, integrated design strategy and the key areas that need further investigation is also presented.

Yu, Y. H.; Li, Y.; Hallett, K.; Hotimsky, C.

2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Power electronic interface circuits for batteries and ultracapacitors in electric vehicles and battery storage systems  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method and apparatus for load leveling of a battery in an electrical power system includes a power regulator coupled to transfer power between a load and a DC link, a battery coupled to the DC link through a first DC-to-DC converter and an auxiliary passive energy storage device coupled to the DC link through a second DC-to-DC converter. The battery is coupled to the passive energy storage device through a unidirectional conducting device whereby the battery can supply power to the DC link through each of the first and second converters when battery voltage exceeds voltage on the passive storage device. When the load comprises a motor capable of operating in a regenerative mode, the converters are adapted for transferring power to the battery and passive storage device. In this form, resistance can be coupled in circuit with the second DC-to-DC converter to dissipate excess regenerative power. 8 figs.

King, R.D.; DeDoncker, R.W.A.A.

1998-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

336

Power electronic interface circuits for batteries and ultracapacitors in electric vehicles and battery storage systems  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method and apparatus for load leveling of a battery in an electrical power system includes a power regulator coupled to transfer power between a load and a DC link, a battery coupled to the DC link through a first DC-to-DC converter and an auxiliary passive energy storage device coupled to the DC link through a second DC-to-DC converter. The battery is coupled to the passive energy storage device through a unidirectional conducting device whereby the battery can supply power to the DC link through each of the first and second converters when battery voltage exceeds voltage on the passive storage device. When the load comprises a motor capable of operating in a regenerative mode, the converters are adapted for transferring power to the battery and passive storage device. In this form, resistance can be coupled in circuit with the second DC-to-DC converter to dissipate excess regenerative power.

King, Robert Dean (Schenectady, NY); DeDoncker, Rik Wivina Anna Adelson (Malvern, PA)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

Power Plant Power Plant  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Basin Center for Geothermal Energy at University of Nevada, Reno (UNR) 2 Nevada Geodetic LaboratoryStillwater Power Plant Wabuska Power Plant Casa Diablo Power Plant Glass Mountain Geothermal Area Lassen Geothermal Area Coso Hot Springs Power Plants Lake City Geothermal Area Thermo Geothermal Area

Tingley, Joseph V.

338

Marine High Voltage Power Conditioning and Transmission System with Integrated Storage DE-EE0003640 Final Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Design, Development, and test of the three-port power converter for marine hydrokinetic power transmission. Converter provides ports for AC/DC conversion of hydrokinetic power, battery storage, and a low voltage to high voltage DC port for HVDC transmission to shore. The report covers the design, development, implementation, and testing of a prototype built by PPS.

Frank Hoffmann, PhD; Aspinall, Rik

2012-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

339

Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: WBG Converters and Chargers  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Presentation given by Oak Ridge National Laboratory at 2014 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about WBG converters...

340

Method for converting uranium oxides to uranium metal  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A process is described for converting scrap and waste uranium oxide to uranium metal. The uranium oxide is sequentially reduced with a suitable reducing agent to a mixture of uranium metal and oxide products. The uranium metal is then converted to uranium hydride and the uranium hydride-containing mixture is then cooled to a temperature less than -100.degree. C. in an inert liquid which renders the uranium hydride ferromagnetic. The uranium hydride is then magnetically separated from the cooled mixture. The separated uranium hydride is readily converted to uranium metal by heating in an inert atmosphere. This process is environmentally acceptable and eliminates the use of hydrogen fluoride as well as the explosive conditions encountered in the previously employed bomb-reduction processes utilized for converting uranium oxides to uranium metal.

Duerksen, Walter K. (Norris, TN)

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "module-integrated power converters" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

DOE Announces Webinars on the Wave Energy Converter Prize, the...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Best of the Clean Cities Tools and Resources, and More DOE Announces Webinars on the Wave Energy Converter Prize, the Best of the Clean Cities Tools and Resources, and More March...

342

Sandia National Laboratories: WEC-Sim (Wave Energy Converter...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

and Y. Yu, "Preliminary Verification and Validation of WEC-Sim, an Open-Source Wave Energy Converter Design Tool," in Proceedings of OMAE 2014, San Francisco, CA, 2014. 2...

343

Multiplatform Dynamic System Simulation of a DC-DC Converter.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The work presented in this paper focuses on the usability testing for the Open-Modelica. The modeling and simulation of the BMR450 DC-DC converter is also… (more)

Song, Wenpeng

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

Idaho Application for Permit to Convert a Geothermal Injection...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Form: Idaho Application for Permit to Convert a Geothermal Injection Well - Form 4003-3 Form Type ApplicationNotice Form...

345

Protocols for the Equitable Assessment of Marine Energy Converters   

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This book contains the suite of protocols for the equitable evaluation of marine energy converters (based on either tidal or wave energy) produced by the EquiMar consortium led by the University of Edinburgh. These protocols ...

Ingram, David; Smith, George; Bittencourt-Ferreira, Claudio; Smith, Helen

346

Research on External Power Supplies Will Save  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. PIER's work led to major collaboration among federal agencies, industry partners, and others, which Are Abundant and Wasteful Example of typical external power supply use Source: Pacific Gas and Electric Most office equipment and consumer electronic devices use external power supplies to convert the electricity

347

Formation of double-valued sheaths in thermionic converters  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A theory for the sheath in an ignited thermionic converter is presented. The theory includes the effect of the velocity spread of the particles but the charge-particle collisions are neglected. Conditions for the appearance of a virtual emitter are given. The theory is compared with a beam approximation theory and a hydrodynamic theory. All three theories give almost the same condition for the appearance of a virtual emitter in an ignited thermionic converter.

Lundgren, L.

1983-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

Power Factor Reactive Power  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

power: 130 watts Induction motor PSERC Incandescent lights 0 0.002 0.004 0.006 0.008 0.01 0.012 0.014 0 power: 150 watts #12;Page 4 PSERC Incandescent Lights PSERC Induction motor with no load #12;Page 5 Incandescent Lights #12;Page 7 PSERC Incandescent lights power: Power = 118 V x 1.3 A = 153 W = 0.15 kW = power

349

A Multi-Level Grid Interactive Bi-directional AC/DC-DC/AC Converter and a Hybrid Battery/Ultra-capacitor Energy Storage System with Integrated Magnetics for Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This study presents a bi-directional multi-level power electronic interface for the grid interactions of plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) as well as a novel bi-directional power electronic converter for the combined operation of battery/ultracapacitor hybrid energy storage systems (ESS). The grid interface converter enables beneficial vehicle-to-grid (V2G) interactions in a high power quality and grid friendly manner; i.e, the grid interface converter ensures that all power delivered to/from grid has unity power factor and almost zero current harmonics. The power electronic converter that provides the combined operation of battery/ultra-capacitor system reduces the size and cost of the conventional ESS hybridization topologies while reducing the stress on the battery, prolonging the battery lifetime, and increasing the overall vehicle performance and efficiency. The combination of hybrid ESS is provided through an integrated magnetic structure that reduces the size and cost of the inductors of the ESS converters. Simulation and experimental results are included as prove of the concept presenting the different operation modes of the proposed converters.

Onar, Omer C [ORNL] [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

A New Methodology for Frequency Domain Analysis of Wave Energy Converters with Periodically Varying Physical Parameters  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A New Methodology for Frequency Domain Analysis of Wave Energy Converters with Periodically Varying Methodology for Frequency Domain Analysis of Wave Energy Converters with Periodically Varying Physical of Mechanical Engineering) ABSTRACT Within a wave energy converter's operational bandwidth, device operation

Victoria, University of

351

Design of a Control Strategy for a Fuel Cell/Battery Hybrid Power Supply  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The purpose of this thesis is to design hardware and a control strategy for a fuel cell/battery hybrid power supply. Modern fuel cell/battery hybrid power supplies can have 2 DC/DC converters: one converter for the battery and one for the fuel cell...

Smith, Richard C.

2010-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

352

angiotensin-i converting enzyme: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Websites Summary: - Resonant converters and related systems, such as piezoelectric transformers, may require a high of resonant converters: a series-resonant parallel-...

353

E-Print Network 3.0 - ad converter system Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Summary: method to reconstruct several classical dc-dc converters, a voltage source inverter (VSI), and a current... introduces some new topologies of dc-dc converters that...

354

Motion-to-Energy (M2E) Power Generation Technology  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

INL researchers developed M2E, a new technology that converts motion to energy. M2E uses an innovative, optimized microgenerator with power management circuitry that kinetically charges mobile batteries from natural motion such as walking.

INL

2008-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

355

Motion-to-Energy (M2Eâ„¢) Power Generation Technology  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

INL researchers developed M2E, a new technology that converts motion to energy. M2E uses an innovative, optimized microgenerator with power management circuitry that kinetically charges mobile batteries from natural motion such as walking. To learn more,

Idaho National Laboratory

2008-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

356

Motion-to-Energy (M2E) Power Generation Technology  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

INL researchers developed M2E, a new technology that converts motion to energy. M2E uses an innovative, optimized microgenerator with power management circuitry that kinetically charges mobile batteries from natural motion such as walking.

INL

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Motion-to-Energy (M2Eâ?¢) Power Generation Technology  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

INL researchers developed M2E, a new technology that converts motion to energy. M2E uses an innovative, optimized microgenerator with power management circuitry that kinetically charges mobile batteries from natural motion such as walking. To learn more,

Idaho National Laboratory

2010-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

358

A thermally efficient micro-reactor for thermophotovoltaic power generation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hydrocarbon fuels exhibit very high energy densities, and micro-generators converting the stored chemical energy into electrical power are interesting alternatives to batteries in certain applications. The increasing demands ...

Nielsen, Ole Mattis, 1977-

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

Power conversion architecture for grid interface at high switching frequency  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper presents a new power conversion architecture for single-phase grid interface. The proposed architecture is suitable for realizing miniaturized ac-dc converters operating at high frequencies (HF, above 3 MHz) and ...

Lim, Seungbum

360

Techniques for low-power high-performance ADCs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Analog-to-digital converters (ADCs) are essential building blocks in many electronic systems which require digital signal processing and storage of analog signals. Traditionally, ADCs are considered a power hungry circuit. ...

Lee, Sunghyuk

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "module-integrated power converters" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Improvement of photovoltaic pumping systems based on standard frequency converters by means of programmable logic controllers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Photovoltaic pumping systems (PVPS) based on standard frequency converters (SFCs) are currently experiencing a growing interest in pumping programmes implemented in remote areas because of their high performance in terms of component reliability, low cost, high power range and good availability of components virtually anywhere in the world. However, in practical applications there have appeared a number of problems related to the adaptation of the SFCs to the requirements of the photovoltaic pumping systems (PVPS). Another disadvantage of dedicated PVPS is the difficulty in implementing maximum power point tracking (MPPT). This paper shows that these problems can be solved through the addition of a basic industrial programmable logic controller (PLC) to the system. This PLC does not increase the cost and complexity of the system, but improves the adaptation of the SFC to the photovoltaic pumping system, and increases the overall performance of the system. (author)

Fernandez-Ramos, Jose [Departamento de Electronica, Universidad de Malaga, Complejo Tecnologico de Teatinos (2.2.39), 29071 Malaga (Spain); Narvarte-Fernandez, Luis; Poza-Saura, Fernando [Instituto de Energia Solar, Universidad Politecnica de Madrid (IES-UPM), Avenida Complutense s/n (204), 28040 Madrid (Spain)

2010-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

362

IAC-09.C3.2.8 A REDUNDANT POWER BUS FOR  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. The idea behind the proposed Power Bus is to have power conversion (from solar panels) and power storage") which contain, each: a solar panel; energy storage batteries with the corresponding power converters in a distributed way. For instance: i) accumulating the power from all solar panels towards the load(s); ii

363

Power conversion apparatus and method  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A power conversion apparatus includes an interfacing circuit that enables a current source inverter to operate from a voltage energy storage device (voltage source), such as a battery, ultracapacitor or fuel cell. The interfacing circuit, also referred to as a voltage-to-current converter, transforms the voltage source into a current source that feeds a DC current to a current source inverter. The voltage-to-current converter also provides means for controlling and maintaining a constant DC bus current that supplies the current source inverter. The voltage-to-current converter also enables the current source inverter to charge the voltage energy storage device, such as during dynamic braking of a hybrid electric vehicle, without the need of reversing the direction of the DC bus current.

Su, Gui-Jia (Knoxville, TN)

2012-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

364

Modular high voltage power supply for chemical analysis  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A high voltage power supply for use in a system such as a microfluidics system, uses a DC-DC converter in parallel with a voltage-controlled resistor. A feedback circuit provides a control signal for the DC-DC converter and voltage-controlled resistor so as to regulate the output voltage of the high voltage power supply, as well as, to sink or source current from the high voltage supply.

Stamps, James F. (Livermore, CA); Yee, Daniel D. (Dublin, CA)

2008-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

365

Modular high voltage power supply for chemical analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A high voltage power supply for use in a system such as a microfluidics system, uses a DC-DC converter in parallel with a voltage-controlled resistor. A feedback circuit provides a control signal for the DC-DC converter and voltage-controlled resistor so as to regulate the output voltage of the high voltage power supply, as well as, to sink or source current from the high voltage supply.

Stamps, James F. (Livermore, CA); Yee, Daniel D. (Dublin, CA)

2010-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

366

Modular high voltage power supply for chemical analysis  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A high voltage power supply for use in a system such as a microfluidics system, uses a DC--DC converter in parallel with a voltage-controlled resistor. A feedback circuit provides a control signal for the DC--DC converter and voltage-controlled resistor so as to regulate the output voltage of the high voltage power supply, as well as, to sink or source current from the high voltage supply.

Stamps, James F. (Livermore, CA); Yee, Daniel D. (Dublin, CA)

2007-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

367

Advance Three Phase Power Factor Correction Schemes for Utility Interface of Power Electronic Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

systems, battery chargers and data centers etc. Also, high voltage DC (HVDC) systems employ rectifiers to convert ac input to DC output. HVDC is one example of the application of AC/DC conversion, in power system also, grid tie of two different power...

Albader, Mesaad

2014-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

368

Methods for degrading or converting plant cell wall polysaccharides  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The present invention relates to methods for converting plant cell wall polysaccharides into one or more products, comprising: treating the plant cell wall polysaccharides with an effective amount of a spent whole fermentation broth of a recombinant microorganism, wherein the recombinant microorganism expresses one or more heterologous genes encoding enzymes which degrade or convert the plant cell wall polysaccharides into the one or more products. The present invention also relates to methods for producing an organic substance, comprising: (a) saccharifying plant cell wall polysaccharides with an effective amount of a spent whole fermentation broth of a recombinant microorganism, wherein the recombinant microorganism expresses one or more heterologous genes encoding enzymes which degrade or convert the plant cell wall polysaccharides into saccharified material; (b) fermenting the saccharified material of step (a) with one or more fermenting microoganisms; and (c) recovering the organic substance from the fermentation.

Berka, Randy (Davis, CA); Cherry, Joel (Davis, CA)

2008-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

369

START-3: Operational Evaluations of the ISUS Engine Ground Demonstration Thermionic Power System  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

START-3 was a test program conducted in order to demonstrate and characterize the operational performance of the prototype Integrated Solar Upper Stage (ISUS) thermionic power system. The test device consisted of a graphite thermal storage uni~ multilayer foil insulation, and sixteen thermionic converters electrically connected in a series array. Several thermal input conditions were achieved during the test, which resulted in measuring converter performance at average converter hot shoe temperatures in the range of 1600 K to 2000 K. Results indicate that the ;hermionic converter; did not perform as weil as expected in the array individual sixteen converters is currently being performed.

Luchau, D.W.; Luke, J.R.; Wyant, F.J.

1998-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

370

Systems and methods for an integrated electrical sub-system powered by wind energy  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Various embodiments relate to systems and methods related to an integrated electrically-powered sub-system and wind power system including a wind power source, an electrically-powered sub-system coupled to and at least partially powered by the wind power source, the electrically-powered sub-system being coupled to the wind power source through power converters, and a supervisory controller coupled to the wind power source and the electrically-powered sub-system to monitor and manage the integrated electrically-powered sub-system and wind power system.

Liu, Yan (Ballston Lake, NY); Garces, Luis Jose (Niskayuna, NY)

2008-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

371

Method for converting sucrose to .beta.-D-glucose  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Disclosed is an apparatus and method for continuously converting sucrose to .beta.-D-glucose. The method comprises a three-stage enzymatic reactor in which an aqueous solution of sucrose is first converted into a solution of fructose and .alpha.-D-glucose by passing it through a porous, packed column containing an inert media on which invertase is immobilized. This solution is then sent through a second packed column containing glucose isomerase and finally a third packed column containing mutarotase. Solution temperature and pH are adjusted to maximize glucose output.

Simmons, Blake A. (San Francisco, CA); Volponi, Joanne V. (Livermore, CA); Ingersoll, David (Albuquerque, NM); Walker, Andrew (Woodinville, WA)

2009-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

372

The important effect of electron reflection on thermionic converter performance  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Although only a few percent of high energy electrons are reflected from bare metal surfaces, 20--60% of low energy incident electrons are reflected from thermionic converter electrodes with adsorbed cesium and oxygen. The TECMDL computer model indicates that electron reflection in cesium vapor thermionic converters increases the arc potential drop, offsetting the gain in performance obtainable by lowering the collector work function via the coadsorbed Cs/O layer. The possible suppression of electron reflection by using electrodes with sub-micron surface structure is hypothesized and supported by experimental data obtained by employing a new method for testing in cesium-oxygen vapor.

Rasor, N.S.

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Northwest Energy Innovations (TRL 5 6 System)- WETNZ MtiMode Wave Energy Converter Advancement Project  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Northwest Energy Innovations (TRL 5 6 System) - WETNZ MtiMode Wave Energy Converter Advancement Project

374

High speed bypass Fig. 1. Sub-module of MMC converter  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Modular Converter for VSC-HVDC Transmission Applications: Control and Operational Aspects Udana N, the multilevel modular converter (MMC), recently introduced for HVDC transmission are discussed. The paper. Keywords-Voltage Source Convert (VSC), Multilevel Modular Converter (MMC), HVDC Transmission, Weak ac

Chaudhary, Sanjay

375

Development of electron reflection suppression materials for improved thermionic energy converter performance using thin film deposition techniques  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Nonideal electrode surfaces cause significant degree of electron reflection from collector during thermionic converter operation. The effect of the collector surface structure on the converter performance was assessed through the development of several electron reflection suppression materials using various thin film deposition techniques. The double-diode probe method was used to compare the J-V characteristics of converters with polished and modified collector surfaces for emitter temperature and cesium vapor pressure in the ranges of 900-2000 K and 0.02-1.5 torr, respectively. The coadsorption of cesium and oxygen with respective partial vapor pressures of {approx}1.27 torr and a few microtorrs reduced the emitter work function to a minimum value of 0.99 eV. It was found that the collector surfaces with matte black appearance such as platinum black, voided nickel from radio-frequency plasma sputtering, and etched electroless Ni-P with craterlike pore morphology exhibited much better performance compared with polished collector surface. For these thin films, the increase in the maximum output voltage was up to 2.0 eV. For optimum performance with minimum work function and maximum saturation emission current density, the emitter temperature was in the range of 1100-1500 K, depending on the collector surface structure. The use of these materials in cylindrical converter design and/or in combination with hybrid mode triode configuration holds great potential in low and medium scale power generators for commercial use.

Islam, Mohammad; Inal, Osman T.; Luke, James R. [Department of Materials and Metallurgical Engineering, New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology, Socorro, New Mexico 87801 (United States); New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology, Institute for Engineering Research and Applications (IERA) , 901 University Blvd. SE, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87106-4339 (United States)

2006-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

376

Biased low differential input impedance current receiver/converter device and method for low noise readout from voltage-controlled detectors  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A first stage electronic system for receiving charge or current from voltage-controlled sensors or detectors that includes a low input impedance current receiver/converter device (for example, a transimpedance amplifier), which is directly coupled to the sensor output, a source of bias voltage, and the device's power supply (or supplies), which use the biased voltage point as a baseline.

Degtiarenko, Pavel V. (Williamsburg, VA); Popov, Vladimir E. (Newport News, VA)

2011-03-22T23:59:59.000Z

377

Energy-based modelling and simulation of the interconnection of a back-to-back converter and a doubly-fed induction machine*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

] and references therein). In this approach, energy plays a fundamental role, port variables are conjugated) the structure matrix, describing how energy flows inside the system, and (c) the power ports, some of which mayEnergy-based modelling and simulation of the interconnection of a back-to-back converter

Batlle, Carles

378

Plasma Physics Challenges of MMPlasma Physics Challenges of MM--toto--THz and High Power MicrowaveTHz and High Power Microwave  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Solid StateSolid State Microwave Power ElectronicsMicrowave Power Electronics · Both convert kinetic Devices (Avg) Vacuum HPM (Peak) Solid State Lasers (Peak) Solid State Devices (Avg) Power(W) (Single ...BUT ... For f > 100 GHz VEDs frontier 1/f2P High power limit for Solid State 1/f 2 and HPM Frontier

379

System using a megawatt class millimeter wave source and a high-power rectenna to beam power to a suspended platform  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A system for beaming power to a high altitude platform is based upon a high power millimeter gyrotron source, optical transmission components, and a high-power receiving antenna (i.e., a rectenna) capable of rectifying received millimeter energy and converting such energy into useable electrical power.

Caplan, Malcolm; Friedman, Herbert W.

2005-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

380

Pre-converted nitric oxide gas in catalytic reduction system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A two-stage catalyst comprises an oxidative first stage and a reductive second stage. The first stage is intended to convert NO to NO.sub.2 in the presence of O.sub.2. The second stage serves to convert NO.sub.2 to environmentally benign gases that include N2, CO2, and H.sub.2 O. By preconverting NO to NO.sub.2 in the first stage, the efficiency of the second stage for NO.sub.x reduction is enhanced. For example, an internal combustion engine exhaust is connected by a pipe to a first chamber. An oxidizing first catalyst converts NO to NO.sub.2 in the presence of O.sub.2 and includes platinum/alumina, e.g., Pt/Al.sub.2 O.sub.3 catalyst. A flow of hydrocarbons (C.sub.x H.sub.y) is input from a pipe into a second chamber. For example, propene can be used as a source of hydrocarbons. The NO.sub.2 from the first catalyst mixes with the hydrocarbons in the second chamber. The mixture proceeds to a second reduction catalyst that converts NO.sub.2 to N2, CO2, and H.sub.2 O, and includes a gamma-alumina .gamma.-Al.sub.2 O.sub.3. The hydrocarbons and NO.sub.x are simultaneously reduced while passing through the second catalyst.

Hsiao, Mark C. (Livermore, CA); Merritt, Bernard T. (Livermore, CA); Penetrante, Bernardino M. (San Ramon, CA); Vogtlin, George E. (Fremont, CA)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "module-integrated power converters" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Pre-converted nitric oxide gas in catalytic reduction system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A two-stage catalyst comprises an oxidative first stage and a reductive second stage. The first stage is intended to convert NO to NO{sub 2} in the presence of O{sub 2}. The second stage serves to convert NO{sub 2} to environmentally benign gases that include N{sub 2}, CO{sub 2}, and H{sub 2}O. By preconverting NO to NO{sub 2} in the first stage, the efficiency of the second stage for NO{sub x} reduction is enhanced. For example, an internal combustion engine exhaust is connected by a pipe to a first chamber. An oxidizing first catalyst converts NO to NO{sub 2} in the presence of O{sub 2} and includes platinum/alumina, e.g., Pt/Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} catalyst. A flow of hydrocarbons (C{sub x}H{sub y}) is input from a pipe into a second chamber. For example, propene can be used as a source of hydrocarbons. The NO{sub 2} from the first catalyst mixes with the hydrocarbons in the second chamber. The mixture proceeds to a second reduction catalyst that converts NO{sub 2} to N{sub 2}, CO{sub 2}, and H{sub 2}O, and includes a {gamma}-Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}. The hydrocarbons and NO{sub x} are simultaneously reduced while passing through the second catalyst. 9 figs.

Hsiao, M.C.; Merritt, B.T.; Penetrante, B.M.; Vogtlin, G.E.

1999-04-06T23:59:59.000Z

382

Multi-level converters for three-phase photovoltaic applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Multi-level converters for three-phase photovoltaic applications Renato M. Nakagomi, Ye Zhao, Brad a switching matrix device and photovoltaic (PV) panels. The approach is based on the dynamic reconfiguration photovoltaic PV panels. The number of PV panels that are connected to the load can be altered using dynamic

Lehman, Brad

383

Introduction to workshop on spectral control and converters  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This workshop focused on the portion of the TPV system that involves the photovoltaic energy converter and the spectral control element that affects subband-gap photon energy recovery. The discussion was divided into three major topic areas: status of the technology, status of the infrastructure, and champions of the technology. (AIP) {copyright} {ital 1995} {ital American} {ital Institute} {ital of} {ital Physics}.

Wanlass, M.W.; Schwartz, R.J.

1995-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

384

A summary of North American HVDC converter station reliability specifications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper summarizes Reliability, Availability, and Maintainability (RAM) specifications that were issued for thyristor based HVDC converter stations in service in North America. A total of twenty project specifications are summarized. A detailed summary by project is shown with specific quantitative requirements categorized. Definitions of terms, representative design principles, and formulas used in calculating RAM parameters contained in existing reliability specifications are presented.

Vancers, I. (ABB Power Systems Inc., Los Angeles, CA (United States)); Hormozi, F.J. (Los Angeles Dept. of Water and Power, CA (United States))

1993-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

Converting Nested Algebra Expressions into Flat Algebra Expressions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Converting Nested Algebra Expressions into Flat Algebra Expressions JAN PAREDAENS University of Antwerp and DIRK VAN GUCHT Indiana University Nested relations generalize ordinary flat relations by allowing tuple values to be either atomic or set valued. The nested algebra is a generalization of the flat

Van Gucht, Dirk

386

A/D Converter Jee-Hwan Ryu  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A/D , MUX and REFS update #12;Korea University of Technology and Education ADSC=1 of Technology and Education Korea University of Technology and Education A/D converter #12;Korea University of Technology and Education () AD > -> X = 1 Korea University of Technology and Education AD #12;Korea

Ryu, Jee-Hwan

387

Water reactive hydrogen fuel cell power system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A water reactive hydrogen fueled power system includes devices and methods to combine reactant fuel materials and aqueous solutions to generate hydrogen. The generated hydrogen is converted in a fuel cell to provide electricity. The water reactive hydrogen fueled power system includes a fuel cell, a water feed tray, and a fuel cartridge to generate power for portable power electronics. The removable fuel cartridge is encompassed by the water feed tray and fuel cell. The water feed tray is refillable with water by a user. The water is then transferred from the water feed tray into the fuel cartridge to generate hydrogen for the fuel cell which then produces power for the user.

Wallace, Andrew P; Melack, John M; Lefenfeld, Michael

2014-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

388

Water reactive hydrogen fuel cell power system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A water reactive hydrogen fueled power system includes devices and methods to combine reactant fuel materials and aqueous solutions to generate hydrogen. The generated hydrogen is converted in a fuel cell to provide electricity. The water reactive hydrogen fueled power system includes a fuel cell, a water feed tray, and a fuel cartridge to generate power for portable power electronics. The removable fuel cartridge is encompassed by the water feed tray and fuel cell. The water feed tray is refillable with water by a user. The water is then transferred from the water feed tray into a fuel cartridge to generate hydrogen for the fuel cell which then produces power for the user.

Wallace, Andrew P; Melack, John M; Lefenfeld, Michael

2014-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

389

Thermionic power generation. January 1970-December 1980 (citations from the Engineering Index Data Base). Report for January 1970-December 1980  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Research on thermionic power generation, power plant design, converter design, and basic research on thermionic materials are cited in the bibliography. Spacecraft applications are also included. (Contains 138 citations, fully indexed and including a table of contents.)

Not Available

1980-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

SINGLE STAGE GRID CONVERTERS FOR BATTERY ENERGY STORAGE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the power system network such as wind and solar is still a challenge in our days. Energy storage systems, is the wide fluctuation of output power depending on the weather conditions. This power variation is reflected grid can smooth the output power of wind farms by acting as a load/generator improving the grid

Munk-Nielsen, Stig

391

Harvesting Kinetic Energy with Switched-Inductor DCDC Converters  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the highest output power density, except when supplied from indoor lighting under which conditions power energy in motion may not compete with solar power but, in contrast to indoor lighting and thermal sources, moderate and consistent output power across a vast range of applications is typical [3]­[4]. Although

Rincon-Mora, Gabriel A.

392

Design of a Solid-State Fast Voltage Compensator for klystron modulators requiring constant AC power consumption  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper proposes a novel topological solution for klystron modulators integrating a Fast Voltage Compensator which allows an operation at constant power consumption from the utility grid. This kind of solution is mandatory for the CLIC project under study, which requires several hundreds of synchronously operated klystron modulators for a total pulsed power of 39 GW. The topology is optimized for the challenging CLIC specifications, which require a very precise output voltage flat-top as well as fast rise and fall times (3µs). The Fast Voltage Compensator is integrated in the modulator such that it only has to manage the capacitor charger current and a fraction of the charging voltage. Consequently, its dimensioning power and cost is minimized.

Davide, Aguglia; Philippe, Viarouge; Jerome, Cros

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

Pulsed Power Driven Fusion Energy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Pulsed power is a robust and inexpensive technology for obtaining high powers. Considerable progress has been made on developing light ion beams as a means of transporting this power to inertial fusion capsules. However, further progress is hampered by the lack of an adequate ion source. Alternatively, z-pinches can efficiently convert pulsed power into thermal radiation, which can be used to drive an inertial fusion capsule. However, a z-pinch driven fusion explosion will destroy a portion of the transmission line that delivers the electrical power to the z-pinch. They investigate several options for providing standoff for z-pinch driven fusion. Recyclable Transmission Lines (RTLs) appear to be the most promising approach.

SLUTZ,STEPHEN A.

1999-11-22T23:59:59.000Z

394

Heatpipe space power and propulsion systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Safe, reliable, low-mass space power and propulsion systems could have numerous civilian and military applications. This paper discusses two fission-powered concepts: the Heatpipe Power System (HPS) that provides power only, and the Heatpipe Bimodal System (HBS) that provides both power and thermal propulsion. Both concepts have 10 important features. First, only existing technology and recently tested fuel forms are used. Second, fuel can be removed whenever desired, greatly facilitating system fabrication and handling. Third, full electrically heated system testing is possible, with minimal operations required to replace the heaters with fuel and ready the system for launch. Fourth, the systems are passively subcritical during launch accidents. Fifth, a modular approach is used, and most technical issues can be resolved with inexpensive module tests. Sixth, bonds between dissimilar metals are minimized. Seventh, there are no single point failures during power mode operation. Eighth, fuel burnup rate is quite low to help ensure greater than 10-year system life. Ninth, there are no pumped coolant loops, and the systems can be shut down and restarted without coolant freeze/thaw concerns. Finally, a full ground nuclear test is not needed, and development costs will be low. The baseline HPS uses SNAP-10A-style thermoelectric power converters to produce 5 kWe at a system mass of about 500 kg. The unicouple thermoelectric converters have a hot shoe temperature of 1275 K and reject waste heat at 775 K. This type of thermoelectric converter has been used extensively by the space program, demonstrating an operational lifetime of decades. At higher thermal power, the same core can produce over 10 kWe using thermoelectric converters, and over 50 kWe using advanced power conversion systems.

Houts, M.G.; Poston, D.I.; Ranken, W.A.

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

Oscillating fluid power generator  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A system and method for harvesting the kinetic energy of a fluid flow for power generation with a vertically oriented, aerodynamic wing structure comprising one or more airfoil elements pivotably attached to a mast. When activated by the moving fluid stream, the wing structure oscillates back and forth, generating lift first in one direction then in the opposite direction. This oscillating movement is converted to unidirectional rotational movement in order to provide motive power to an electricity generator. Unlike other oscillating devices, this device is designed to harvest the maximum aerodynamic lift forces available for a given oscillation cycle. Because the system is not subjected to the same intense forces and stresses as turbine systems, it can be constructed less expensively, reducing the cost of electricity generation. The system can be grouped in more compact clusters, be less evident in the landscape, and present reduced risk to avian species.

Morris, David C

2014-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

396

Discharging a DC bus capacitor of an electrical converter system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A system and method of discharging a bus capacitor of a bidirectional matrix converter of a vehicle are presented here. The method begins by electrically shorting the AC interface of the converter after an AC energy source is disconnected from the AC interface. The method continues by arranging a plurality of switching elements of a second energy conversion module into a discharge configuration to establish an electrical current path from a first terminal of an isolation module, through an inductive element, and to a second terminal of the isolation module. The method also modulates a plurality of switching elements of a first energy conversion module, while maintaining the discharge configuration of the second energy conversion module, to at least partially discharge a DC bus capacitor.

Kajouke, Lateef A; Perisic, Milun; Ransom, Ray M

2014-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

397

Planar LTCC transformers for high voltage flyback converters: Part II.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper is a continuation of the work presented in SAND2007-2591 'Planar LTCC Transformers for High Voltage Flyback Converters'. The designs in that SAND report were all based on a ferrite tape/dielectric paste system originally developed by NASCENTechnoloy, Inc, who collaborated in the design and manufacturing of the planar LTCC flyback converters. The output/volume requirements were targeted to DoD application for hard target/mini fuzing at around 1500 V for reasonable primary peak currents. High voltages could be obtained but with considerable higher current. Work had begun on higher voltage systems and is where this report begins. Limits in material properties and processing capabilities show that the state-of-the-art has limited our practical output voltage from such a small part volume. In other words, the technology is currently limited within the allowable funding and interest.

Schofield, Daryl (NASCENTechnology, Inc., Watertown, SD); Schare, Joshua M., Ph.D.; Slama, George (NASCENTechnology, Inc., Watertown, SD); Abel, David (NASCENTechnology, Inc., Watertown, SD)

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Ultrafast transient grating radiation to optical image converter  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A high sensitivity transient grating ultrafast radiation to optical image converter is based on a fixed transmission grating adjacent to a semiconductor substrate. X-rays or optical radiation passing through the fixed transmission grating is thereby modulated and produces a small periodic variation of refractive index or transient grating in the semiconductor through carrier induced refractive index shifts. An optical or infrared probe beam tuned just below the semiconductor band gap is reflected off a high reflectivity mirror on the semiconductor so that it double passes therethrough and interacts with the radiation induced phase grating therein. A small portion of the optical beam is diffracted out of the probe beam by the radiation induced transient grating to become the converted signal that is imaged onto a detector.

Stewart, Richard E; Vernon, Stephen P; Steel, Paul T; Lowry, Mark E

2014-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

399

Efficient binary sources of working-body vapor for thermionic converters  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objective of this investigation was an experimental determination of the parameters of a cylindrical thermionic converter (TC), with the binary system being cesium with bismuth, antimony, selenium, and germanium. In all devices, the emitter was a layer of tungsten, and the collector consisted of niobium or an alloy of molybdenum with ruthenium. The system characteristics of each binary system were studied, with the interaction kinetics of the cesium vapor with the active sorbent being examined by the gravimetric method. For each TC, the current-voltage characteristics were investigated as was the work function. For each case investigated, there was a 25-30% higher TC power output due to the presence of the active additive.

Kalandarishvili, A.G.; Kashiya, V.G.

1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Design of HVDC converter stations with respect to audible noise requirements  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this paper is to provide an overview of the engineering methods, tools, design solutions and verification methods used in the design of HVDC converter stations subject to acoustic requirements. The sound generation part describes how the sound power level radiated from electrical components can be calculated based on the load. The sound propagation part describes how the sources are affecting the sound pressure level at emission points of interest. A method to break down the acoustic requirement to component level and practical studies to verify the concordance with the requirements are also illustrated. Different solutions for screening and absorption are described as well as measurement methods. The remainder describes a working method used to fulfill outdoor acoustic requirements.

Smede, J.; Johansson, C.G.; Winroth, O. [ASEA Brown Boveri, Vaesteraas (Sweden)] [ASEA Brown Boveri, Vaesteraas (Sweden); Schuett, H.P. [ASEA Brown Boveri, Ludvika (Sweden)] [ASEA Brown Boveri, Ludvika (Sweden)

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "module-integrated power converters" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Catalyst for converting synthesis gas to liquid motor fuels  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The addition of an inert metal component, such as gold, silver or copper, to a Fischer-Tropsch catalyst comprising cobalt enables said catalyst to convert synthesis gas to liquid motor fuels at about 240.degree.-370.degree. C. with advantageously reduced selectivity of said cobalt for methane in said conversion. The catalyst composition can advantageously include a support component, such as a molecular sieve, co-catalyst/support component or a combination of such support components.

Coughlin, Peter K. (Yorktown Heights, NY)

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

Low current plasmatron fuel converter having enlarged volume discharges  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A novel apparatus and method is disclosed for a plasmatron fuel converter ("plasmatron") that efficiently uses electrical energy to produce hydrogen rich gas. The volume and shape of the plasma discharge is controlled by a fluid flow established in a plasma discharge volume. A plasmatron according to this invention produces a substantially large effective plasma discharge volume allowing for substantially greater volumetric efficiency in the initiation of chemical reactions within a volume of bulk fluid reactant flowing through the plasmatron.

Rabinovich, Alexander (Swampscott, MA); Alexeev, Nikolai (Moscow, RU); Bromberg, Leslie (Sharon, MA); Cohn, Daniel R. (Chestnut Hill, MA); Samokhin, Andrei (Moscow, RU)

2009-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

403

Capacitor-Less VAR Compensator Based on a Matrix Converter  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

greatly contributed to the completion of this work. I owe my gratitude to them for always believing in me and helping me through my academic pursuit. vii NOMENCLATURE VAR Volt-ampere reactive MC 3-phase ac-to-3-phase ac matrix converter v1... [10] ...... 12 10 Equivalent circuit of a capacitor................................................................. 13 11 Basic layout of a 3/3 MC............................................................................ 16 12 Block diagram...

Balakrishnan, Divya Rathna

2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

404

Transient modeling of thermionic space nuclear power systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

elements convert the thermal power generated by the core into electrical power to be supplied to the load. Some recent designs ol' space nuclear reactors investi- gate single loop systems operating with direct in-core thermionic conversion. CENTAR... CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION . Objectives and Methodology . . Thesis Organization Literature Review II CENTAR SIMULATION CODE FOR SPACE NUCLEAR POWER SYSTEMS III TOPAZ II SPACE NUCLEAR POWER SYSTEM. . . . . System Layout. Nuclear Core...

Berge, Francoise M

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Efficient ternary sources of working-body vapors for thermionic converters  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The results of experiments to determine the energy characteristics of a cylindrical thermionic converter (TC) are presented. The TC investigated had ternary working-body vapor sources based on multicomponent cesium systems with either bismuth oxide, vanadium oxide, or tungsten oxide additions. Sorption characteristics of the systems were first determined, and then the ternary source was operated as part of the TC. The kinetics of the interaction of cesium vapor with the oxides was studied gravimetrically at various collector temperatures. The cesium TC electrical power output was increased 40 to 60% with a Cs{sub 12}Bi{sub 2}O{sub 3} ternary source in the arc mode. A Cs{sub 3}V{sub 2}O{sub 5} system increased TC output power from 20 to 40%, depending on emitter temperature. For the two Cs{sub x}WO{sub 3} sources examined, power increased almost 50%. The ternary sources examined also extended the working temperature range of the TC. 18 refs., 5 figs.

Kalandarishvili, A.G.; Kashiya, V.G.

1994-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

NSTX Electrical Power Systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The National Spherical Torus Experiment (NSTX) has been designed and installed in the existing facilities at Princeton Plasma Physic Laboratory (PPPL). Most of the hardware, plant facilities, auxiliary sub-systems, and power systems originally used for the Tokamak Fusion Test Reactor (TFTR) have been used with suitable modifications to reflect NSTX needs. The design of the NSTX electrical power system was tailored to suit the available infrastructure and electrical equipment on site. Components were analyzed to verify their suitability for use in NSTX. The total number of circuits and the location of the NSTX device drove the major changes in the Power system hardware. The NSTX has eleven (11) circuits to be fed as compared to the basic three power loops for TFTR. This required changes in cabling to insure that each cable tray system has the positive and negative leg of cables in the same tray. Also additional power cabling had to be installed to the new location. The hardware had to b e modified to address the need for eleven power loops. Power converters had to be reconnected and controlled in anti-parallel mode for the Ohmic heating and two of the Poloidal Field circuits. The circuit for the Coaxial Helicity Injection (CHI) System had to be carefully developed to meet this special application. Additional Protection devices were designed and installed for the magnet coils and the CHI. The thrust was to making the changes in the most cost-effective manner without compromising technical requirements. This paper describes the changes and addition to the Electrical Power System components for the NSTX magnet systems.

A. Ilic; E. Baker; R. Hatcher; S. Ramakrishnan; et al

1999-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

407

The capacitively coupled converter (C³) for high power DC-DC conversion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Conditions for Steady-state Operation . . Design Design of Filter Design Example IV CONTROL . . Voltage Threshold Control . D. T. Control Combinations. V STARTING AND STOPPING phage Threshold Starting Special Starting Cases Stopping . 1 2 2 4... as used in replacing capacitor by voltage source . . 4-1 Regulation with voltage threshold control 4-2 Small signal transient of coupling capacitor voltage Vct and output voltage due to load change 4-3 Small signal transient of Vct and output voltage V...

Khan, Shahriar

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Design and performance evaluation of a unity power factor converter for wind energy conversion systems.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Wind turbine driven Permanent Magnet Synchronous Generators (PMSG) find increasing applications due to their numerous advantages. Small scale stand-alone wind energy systems are receiving considerable… (more)

Nirnaya Sarangan.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

Implementation of DC-DC converter with maximum power point tracking control for thermoelectric generator applications.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? A heavy duty vehicle looses approximately 30-40 % of the energy in the fuel as waste heat through the exhaust system. Recovering this waste… (more)

Jahanbakhsh, David

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

Power Maximization in Wave-Energy Converters Using Sampled -Data Extremum Seeking /  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

irregular waves. Ocean engineering, 26(7):625–651, 1999. [Engineering University of California, San Diego, 2013 Professor Sonia Martinez, Chair Ocean

Chen, Tianjia

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

Operation Features of a Reduced Matrix Converter for Offshore Wind Power.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??When a wind park is sited offshore, compact, lightweight and reliable components are important requirements. In this Master's thesis a wind energy conversion system has… (more)

Hanssen, Mari Røed

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

More Efficient Power Conversion for EVs: Gallium-Nitride Advanced Power Semiconductor and Packaging  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Broad Funding Opportunity Announcement Project: Delphi is developing power converters that are smaller and more energy efficient, reliable, and cost-effective than current power converters. Power converters rely on power transistors which act like a very precisely controlled on-off switch, controlling the electrical energy flowing through an electrical circuit. Most power transistors today use silicon (Si) semiconductors. However, Delphi is using semiconductors made with a thin layer of gallium-nitride (GaN) applied on top of the more conventional Si material. The GaN layer increases the energy efficiency of the power transistor and also enables the transistor to operate at much higher temperatures, voltages, and power-density levels compared to its Si counterpart. Delphi is packaging these high-performance GaN semiconductors with advanced electrical connections and a cooling system that extracts waste heat from both sides of the device to further increase the device’s efficiency and allow more electrical current to flow through it. When combined with other electronic components on a circuit board, Delphi’s GaN power transistor package will help improve the overall performance and cost-effectiveness of HEVs and EVs.

None

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

Computer-aided optimization of DC/DC converters for automotive applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper investigates computer-aided optimization of DC/DC converters, with a focus on converters for dual-voltage automotive electrical systems. A new CAD optimization approach based on Monte Carlo search methods is ...

Neugebauer, Timothy C.

414

Blind calibration of timing skew in time-interleaved analog-to-digital converters  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The performance of time-interleaved analog-to-digital converters is often significantly degraded by timing mismatch errors. We develop methods for performing blind calibration of such converters, i.e., for estimating the ...

Divi, Vijay

415

Power sources manufactures association : power technology roadmap workshop - 2006.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Power Sources Manufacturers Association (PSMA) is pleased to announce the release of the latest Power Technology Roadmap Workshop Report. This Fifth Edition Workshop Report includes presentations and discussions from the workshop as seen by the participants that included many of the industry's most influential members representing end-users, power supply manufacturers, component suppliers, consultants and academia. This report provides detailed projections for the next three to four years of various technologies in a quantitative form. There was special emphasis on how the increasing use of digital technologies will affect the industry in the next four years. The technology trend analysis and the roadmap is provided for the following specific product families expected to be the areas of largest market growth: (1) Ac-dc front end power supplies--1 kW from a single phase ac source; (2) External ac-dc power supplies; (3) Dc-dc bus converters; and (4) Non-isolated dc-dc converters. Bruce Miller, Chairman of PSMA, stated that 'the Power Technology Roadmap Workshop Report is an extensive document that analyzes and provides projections for most major technical parameters for a specific power supply. It is a unique document as it contains technology/parametric trends in a roadmap fashion from a variety of diverse sources, giving significant depth to its content. No such information is available from any other source'. The Power Technology Roadmap Workshop Report is available at no cost as to PSMA Regular and Associate members and at a reduced price to Affiliate members as a benefit of membership. The report will be offered to non-members at a price of $2490. For further information or to buy a copy of the report, please visit the publications page or the PSMA website or contact the Association Office.

Bowers, John S.

2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

EECE 493 -Winter 2012 Introduction to Power Electronics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DC-DC Converter Analysis (Ch. 2) Sept 17-19: the DC-Transformer Model and Component Losses (Ch. 3, 4EECE 493 - Winter 2012 Introduction to Power Electronics Instructor: Nathan Ozog Office: BC Hydro) Phone: 604 528 2639 (BC Hydro Direct Line) TA: Soroush Amini Sajjad Zadkhast Office: Power Lab - 3rd

Pulfrey, David L.

417

Power generation considerations in a solar biomodal receiver  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Integrated Solar Upper Stage (ISUS), or solar bimodal stage provides both propulsive thrust for efficient orbital transfer(s) and electrical power generation for the spacecraft. The combined propulsive and power systems allow the solar bimodal system to effectively compete for a variety of missions. Once on station, thermionic converters are used to supply continuous electrical power to the satellite, even during periods when the spacecraft is in the Earth`s shadow. The key to continuous power supply is thermal energy storage. The ISUS propulsion system also benefits through the use of thermal storage. By utilizing a graphite receiver, large amounts of sensible heat can be stored for later power generation. Waste heat is radiated to space through the use of heat pipes. Clearly, the graphite mass must be minimized without sacrificing electrical power capability. Voltage and current characteristics are carefully designed to operate within acceptable ranges. The detailed design of the receiver/absorber/converter (RAC) power system must meet these requirements with as little impact to the remainder of the bimodal system as possible. This paper addresses the key design considerations of a solar bimodal receiver as a power plant. Factors including the thermal storage and heat transfer from the graphite receiver to the thermionic converters, the support structures, electrical insulation and converter string design will be discussed.

Rochow, R.F. [NovaTech, Lynchburg, VA (United States); Miles, B.J. [Babcock and Wilcox, Lynchburg, VA (United States)

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

418

Opportunities and Challenges for Power Electronics in PV Modules (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The presentation describes the value of adding DC converters and other power electronics to modules to improve their output even when shading or bad cells would otherwise decrease the module output. The presentation was part of a workshop sponsored by ARPA-E exploring the opportunities for power electronics to support PV applications.

Kurtz, S.; Deline, C.; Wohlgemuth, J.; Marion, B.; Granata, J.

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Judi Danielson Wind Power: From Niche to Mainstream  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, was the federal production tax incentive, which lowers the cost of wind power for potential investorsJudi Danielson Wind Power: From Niche to Mainstream What's Inside (continued on page 11) Winter sailboats to sail-type windmills. Today, the wind is converted into electricity through wind turbine

420

Reentry aerodynamic disruption analysis of thermionic reactor-thermo-converter TOPAZ-2  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper presents preliminary results of analysis for the TOPAZ-2 thermionic converter-reactor aerodynamic disruption during reentry.

Grinberg, E.I.; Nikolaev, V.S. (Scientific Production Association Krasnaya Zvezda'', Moscow 115230 (Russian Federation)); Usov, V.A. (RRC Kurchatov Institute'', Moscow 123182 (Russian Federation)); Gafarov, A.A. (Research Institute of Thermal Processes, Moscow (Russian Federation))

1993-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "module-integrated power converters" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Comparison between arc drops in ignited thermionic converters with and without ion reflections at the emitter  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The output performance of two thermionic energy converters is compared. One converter has a normal emitter, working with zero field at the emitter which is close to the optimum working point, and the other has a low work function emitter and ion reflection at the emitter. A simple model of the plasma and the sheaths shows that a converter working with a low work function emitter and ion reflections gives a worse performance than a similar converter with a normal emitter.

Lundgren, L.

1985-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

CHARACTERIZING DANGEROUS WAVES FOR OCEAN WAVE ENERGY CONVERTER SURVIVABILITY Justin Hovland  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CHARACTERIZING DANGEROUS WAVES FOR OCEAN WAVE ENERGY CONVERTER SURVIVABILITY Justin Hovland ABSTRACT Ocean Wave Energy Converters (OWECs) operating on the water surface are subject to storms gradient technologies. This paper is focused on Ocean Wave Energy Converters (OWECs) and the need

Haller, Merrick

423

Close-spaced Knudsen`s mode thermionic converter  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

It is demonstrated that the Knudsen`s mode of the thermionic converter (TIC) operation can be realized in a TIC with the interelectrode spacing 15{divided_by}30 {mu} and the emitter work function 5{divided_by}5.5 eV at the emitter temperature above 1800 K and cesium vapor pressure 0.5{divided_by}1 tor. With the use of reflective coating applied to the collector, efficiency of such TIC can achieve the level in excess of 30%.

Kucherov, R.Ya.; Nikolaev, Y.V. [Research Inst. of SIA Lutch, Podolsk (Russian Federation)

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

424

Results from the Microminiature Thermionic Converter Demonstration Testing Program  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Research is in progress to develop microminiature thermionic converters (MTCS) with high energy conversion efficiencies and variable operating temperatures using semiconductor integrated circuit (IC) fabrication methods. The use of IC techniques allows the fabrication of MTCS with cathode to anode spacing of several microns or less and with anode and cathode materials that will have work fimctions ranging from 1 eV to 3 eV. The small cathode to anode spacing and variable electrode work functions should allow the conversion of heat energy to relatively large current densities (up to tens of Amps/cmz) at relatively high conversion efficiencies ( 15-25%).

King, D.B.; Luke, J.R.; Wyant, F.J.

1998-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

425

Multichannel analog-digital converter in VEKTOR-CAMAC systemsystems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper describes a four-channel analog-digital converter (ADC) that is implemented by large-scale integrated circuits. Resdundancy of signal conversion in intermediate cycles ensures a more accurate conversion result from cycle to cycle. The ADC is fully compatible with the Vektor system and, with slight modifications, is CAMAC compatible. The conversion time of the ADC for one channel is 5 used, the output code is 14-bit binary, the maximum integral nonlinearity is not more than 0.05% of the dynamic range of + or -10V, and the size of the random access memeory is 1024 14-bit words.

Borodyanskii, M.E.

1986-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Harmonic measurements from a group connected generator HVdc converter scheme  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A recent CIGRE document published in ELECTRA has described the potential benefits of a direct connection of generators to HVdc converters. While many theoretical contributions have been made, no practical test data has become available so far. This paper reports on harmonic tests carried out at the Benmore end of the New Zealand HVdc link operating as a group connected scheme. It was found that the measured harmonic current levels were well below specified generator ratings. Dynamic simulation accurately predicted the harmonic currents whereas the results of a steady state formulation were less reliable.

Macdonald, S.J.; Enright, W.; Arrillaga, J. [Univ. of Canterbury, Christchurch (New Zealand)] [Univ. of Canterbury, Christchurch (New Zealand); O`Brien, M.T.

1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

MHK Technologies/Tide Current Converter | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformation Earth's Heat JumpIncMAKGalway Bay IEOWC <SurgeWECSails <Tide Current Converter

428

Use of a combined lining in copper production converters  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The authors look at materials and methods for increasing the liner life and thermal efficiency of converters used at three copper melting combines in the Soviet Union. The refractories tested are various commercial combinations of magnesite, periclase and chromite, and the properties for which they are tested include their compression strength, heat resistance, thermal expansion, and wear resistance to slag. The authors find the refractory combination least degradable by heat and wear and calculate the savings, both in cost and energy, achieved by the combines in question by the utilization of this liner material.

Birkle, G.V.B.; Slovikovski, V.V.; Danilova, T.A.; P'yankova, V.A.; Verzilov, N.A.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Converting Methane to Methanol: Structural Insight into the Reaction Center  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation Proposed New SubstationCleanCommunity2Workshops01ControllingControls onPolymers -Converting

430

Light-weight DC to very high voltage DC converter  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A DC-DC converter capable of generating outputs of 100 KV without a transformer comprises a silicon opening switch (SOS) diode connected to allow a charging current from a capacitor to flow into an inductor. When a specified amount of charge has flowed through the SOS diode, it opens up abruptly; and the consequential collapsing field of the inductor causes a voltage and current reversal that is steered into a load capacitor by an output diode. A switch across the series combination of the capacitor, inductor, and SOS diode closes to periodically reset the SOS diode by inducing a forward-biased current.

Druce, Robert L. (Union City, CA); Kirbie, Hugh C. (Dublin, CA); Newton, Mark A. (Livermore, CA)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

Light-weight DC to very high voltage DC converter  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A DC-DC converter capable of generating outputs of 100 KV without a transformer comprises a silicon opening switch (SOS) diode connected to allow a charging current from a capacitor to flow into an inductor. When a specified amount of charge has flowed through the SOS diode, it opens up abruptly; and the consequential collapsing field of the inductor causes a voltage and current reversal that is steered into a load capacitor by an output diode. A switch across the series combination of the capacitor, inductor, and SOS diode closes to periodically reset the SOS diode by inducing a forward-biased current. 1 fig.

Druce, R.L.; Kirbie, H.C.; Newton, M.A.

1998-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

432

Thermionic power generation. January 1972-December 1980 (citations from the International Aerospace Abstracts Data Base). Report for January 1972-December 1980  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Research on thermionic power generation, power plant design, converter design, and basic research on thermionic materials are cited in the bibliography. Spacecraft applications are also included. (Contains 142 citations, fully indexed and including a table of contents.)

Not Available

1980-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Bacteria power may be possible http://www.masslive.com/hampfrank/republican/index.ssf?/base/news... 1 of 2 5/12/2006 2:33 PM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

fuel cells powered by so-called geobacter, tiny bacteria that convert iron to electricity, to the point geobacter) to change that trash to electricity," Lovley said. A typical fuel cell converts fuels that conduct electricity to the outside for use as power. The UMass researchers found that when the geobacter

Lovley, Derek

434

Electronic and photonic power applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Efficient conversion of radioactive decay to electrical power has been the goal of a number of past research efforts. One of these was the Elgin-Kidde nuclear battery. In this concept promethium-147 was used as a beta source which was then mixed with a phosphor to produce a radioluminescent (RL) source of light. The light source was coupled to silicon photovoltaic converters to create electricity. This photoelectric approach is being revisited using tritium based solid state compounds and advanced gas concepts to produce RL light sources being disclosed at this conference. Efficient conversion of the RL light energy to electrical energy imposes certain requirements on the semiconductor converter. These requirements will be discussed. Projections of power source electrical and physical characteristics will be presented based on reasonable design parameter assumptions. The words Power Supply'' usually evoke a vision of a rotating machine or chemical battery. However, today's technology is making increasing use of photonics, where information and even power can be moved through optical fibers. Brighter volumetric RL light sources open a whole new range of photonics-based applications, while solid state tritiated compounds provide the foundation for improved mechanical adaptability and safety. 4 refs., 6 figs., 1 tab.

Walko, R.J.; Ashley, C.S.; Brinker, C.J.; Reed, S.T.; Renschler, C.L. (Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (USA)); Shepodd, T.J. (Sandia National Labs., Livermore, CA (USA)); Ellefson, R.E.; Gill, J.T. (EG and G Mound Applied Technologies, Miamisburg, OH (USA)); Leonard, L.E. (USDOE, Washington, DC (USA))

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

Design and testing of a combustion-heated nineteen-converter SAVTEC array  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The SAVTEC (Self-Adjusting Versatile Thermionic Energy Converter) is a new design approach for achieving very close (<12..mu..) interelectrode spacing in a thermionic converter. Techniques were developed for fabricating an array of nineteen SAVTEC converters. The array was incorporated in an SiC protective ''hot shell'' which also served as a radiant heat source for the emitter of each converter. The completed assembly was tested with a specially constructed combustion heat source. Electric output was generated by sixteen of the nineteen converters, despite poor thermal contact in a cooling block, which resulted in high collector temperatures. Details of the array design and test results are described.

Nyren, T.; Fitzpatrick, G.O.; Korringa, M.; McVey, J.; Sahines, T.

1984-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Advanced radioisotope power source options for Pluto Express  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In the drive to reduce mass and cost, Pluto Express is investigating using an advanced power conversion technology in a small Radioisotope Power Source (RPS) to deliver the required mission power of 74 W(electric) at end of mission. Until this year the baseline power source under consideration has been a Radioisotope Thermoelectric Generator (RTG). This RTG would be a scaled down GPHS RTG with an inventory of 6 General Purpose Heat Sources (GPHS) and a mass of 17.8 kg. High efficiency, advanced technology conversion options are being examined to lower the power source mass and to reduce the amount of radioisotope needed. Three technologies are being considered as the advanced converter technology: the Alkali Metal Thermal-to-Electric Converter (AMTEC), Thermophotovoltaic (TPV) converters, and Stirling Engines. Conceptual designs for each of these options have been prepared. Each converter would require only 2 GPHSs to provide the mission power and would have a mass of 6.1, 7.2, and 12.4 kg for AMTEC, TPV, and Stirling Engines respectively. This paper reviews the status of each technology and the projected performance of an advanced RPS based on each technology. Based on the projected performance and spacecraft integration issues, Pluto Express would prefer to use the AMTEC based RPS. However, in addition to technical performance, selection of a power technology will be based on many other factors.

Underwood, M.L. [California Inst. of Technology, Pasadena, CA (United States). Jet Propulsion Lab.

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

437

Electric vehicle system for charging and supplying electrical power  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A power system that provides power between an energy storage device, an external charging-source/load, an onboard electrical power generator, and a vehicle drive shaft. The power system has at least one energy storage device electrically connected across a dc bus, at least one filter capacitor leg having at least one filter capacitor electrically connected across the dc bus, at least one power inverter/converter electrically connected across the dc bus, and at least one multiphase motor/generator having stator windings electrically connected at one end to form a neutral point and electrically connected on the other end to one of the power inverter/converters. A charging-sourcing selection socket is electrically connected to the neutral points and the external charging-source/load. At least one electronics controller is electrically connected to the charging-sourcing selection socket and at least one power inverter/converter. The switch legs in each of the inverter/converters selected by the charging-source/load socket collectively function as a single switch leg. The motor/generators function as an inductor.

Su, Gui Jia

2010-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

438

The effect of photoionization as an auxiliary discharge on characteristics of thermionic energy converter  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The cesium filled thermionic energy converters (TEC) operated by the ignited mode have been expected as novel electric power generators, suitable for the space power systems and such terrestrial uses as cogeneration devices. They have the advantage free from the maintenance because of the device without any moving parts. However, the gaps of the electrodes are usually kept less than 1 mm to suppress the negative space potential in the space between the electrodes. Furthermore, for the ignited mode operation, the emitter should be heated up to the temperature higher than 1700 K. Such a restriction and the operating condition should be relaxed to make TEC spread by manufacturing at a moderate price. In the present work, the effect of an auxiliary discharge due to the photoionization has been examined by using TEC operated by the unignited mode with a longer electrode gap, compared with conventional one. It is clarified that the space charge neutrality in the space between both electrodes is drastically improved by the irradiation of Xenon lamp in the case of the emitter temperature lower than 1100 K and that the output current increases by a few times, compared with one without irradiation. This is caused by the photoionized plasma whose density is nearly 10{sup 9} cm{sup -3}.

Furukawa, H.; Kando, M. [Shizuoka Univ., Hamamatsu (Japan); Yamada, J. [Aich Institute of Technology, Toyota (Japan)

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

439

Enhanced heat transfer for thermionic power modules  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The thermionic power module is capable of operating at very high heat fluxes, which in turn serve to reduce capital costs. The most efficient operation also requires uniform heat fluxes. The development of enhanced heat transfer systems is required to meet the demand for high heat fluxes (>20 w/cm/sup 2/) at high temperatures (>1500K) which advanced thermionic power modules place upon combustion systems. Energy transfer from the hot combustion gases may take place by convection, radiation, or a combination of radiation and convection. Enhanced convective heat transfer with a jet impingement system has been demonstrated in a thermionic converter. The recently-developed cellular ceramic radiative heat transfer system has also been applied to a thermionic converter. By comparing the jet impingement and cellular ceramic radiative heat transfer systems, an appropriate system may be selected for utilization in advanced thermionic power modules. Results are reported.

Johnson, D.C.

1981-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

DC to DC power conversion module for the all-electric ship  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The MIT end to end electric ship model is being developed to study competing electric ship designs. This project produced a model of a Power Conversion Module (PCM)- 4, DC-to-DC converter which interfaces with the MIT ...

Gray, Weston L

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "module-integrated power converters" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Control and design of multi-use induction machines : traction, generation, and power conversion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An electrical machine can be made to convert electrical power while performing in its primary role of transforming electrical energy into mechanical energy. One way of doing this is to design the machine with multiple ...

Avestruz, Al-Thaddeus

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Novel Controls for Economic Dispatch of Combined Cooling, Heating and Power (CCHP) Systems  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The emergence of technologies that efficiently convert heat into cooling, such as absorption chillers, has opened up many new opportunities and markets for combined heat and power systems. These...

443

High-frequency transformer isolated power conditioning system for fuel cells to utility interface.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This thesis presents interfacing of fuel cells to a single-phase utility line using a high-frequency transformer isolated power converter. This research contributes towards selecting a… (more)

Rathore, Akshay Kumar

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Geek-Up[6.10.2011]: Thermoelectrics' Great Power, Key Ingredient in Bone's Nanostructure  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Advanced thermoelectric materials could be used to develop vehicle exhaust systems that convert exhaust heat into electricity, concentrate solar energy for power generation and recover waste heat from industrial processes.

445

ROBUST CONTROL ANALYSIS USING REAL-TIME IMPLEMENTATION OF A HYBRID FUEL CELL POWER GENERATION SYSTEM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is performed for a hybrid Fuel Cell/Supercapacitor generation system with power management, realized through converters interfacing the Fuel Cell (FC) and the Supercapacitor (SC) with the system electrical load

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

446

Effect of updated data base and improved analysis on performance of radioisotope thermophotovoltaic converter  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Previous analyses of RTPV space power systems published by the authors were based on a number of approximations employed to permit early dissemination of preliminary results pending availability of fuller experimental data need3d to conduct more rigorous analyses. Among those approximations were: (1) the use of limited test data and optimistic projections of the spectral transmissivity of the RTPV`s selective IR filters and of the spectral quantum efficiency of the GaSb PV cells; (2) the use of theoretical formulas instead of experimental measurements of the PV cell`s open-circuit voltage, fill factor, and optimum voltage instead of its measured current-voltage characteristics; (3) rough estimates of the TPV converter`s active-area fraction instead of computed values based on detailed designs; (4) inadequate accounting for the effect of radiation reflected by the IR filter and absorbed by the emitter in reducing the generator`s required heat input; and (5) omission of the shadowing effect and ohmic losses caused by the PV cell`s grid lines. The above-listed shortcomings of the previously published analyses are addressed in the present paper, which describes revised analyses based on recently obtained experimental data of IR filter reflectivities and PV cell quantum efficiencies and current-voltage characteristic, measured by EDTEK under an OSC-initiated subcontract to its ongoing DOE contract. Their test results show that EDTEK has been eminently successful in improving the reflectivities of the IR filters and in reproducing the quantum efficiencies of Boeing`s best PV cells, but their initial (Dec-95) PV cell fell far short of matching the open-circuit voltages and fill factors predicted by theory.

Schock, A.; Or, C.T. [Orbital Sciences Corp., Germantown, MD (United States)

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

447

E-beam high voltage switching power supply  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A high power, solid state power supply is described for producing a controllable, constant high voltage output under varying and arcing loads suitable for powering an electron beam gun or other ion source. The present power supply is most useful for outputs in a range of about 100-400 kW or more. The power supply is comprised of a plurality of discrete switching type dc-dc converter modules, each comprising a voltage regulator, an inductor, an inverter for producing a high frequency square wave current of alternating polarity, an improved inverter voltage clamping circuit, a step up transformer, and an output rectifier for producing a dc voltage at the output of each module. The inputs to the converter modules are fed from a common dc rectifier/filter and are linked together in parallel through decoupling networks to suppress high frequency input interactions. The outputs of the converter modules are linked together in series and connected to the input of the transmission line to the load through a decoupling and line matching network. The dc-dc converter modules are phase activated such that for n modules, each module is activated equally 360{degree}/n out of phase with respect to a successive module. The phased activation of the converter modules, combined with the square current waveforms out of the step up transformers, allows the power supply to operate with greatly reduced output capacitance values which minimizes the stored energy available for discharge into an electron beam gun or the like during arcing. The present power supply also provides dynamic response to varying loads by controlling the voltage regulator duty cycle using simulated voltage feedback signals and voltage feedback loops. Circuitry is also provided for sensing incipient arc currents reflected at the output of the power supply and for simultaneously decoupling the power supply circuitry from the arcing load. 7 figs.

Shimer, D.W.; Lange, A.C.

1997-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

448

E-beam high voltage switching power supply  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A high power, solid state power supply is described for producing a controllable, constant high voltage output under varying and arcing loads suitable for powering an electron beam gun or other ion source. The present power supply is most useful for outputs in a range of about 100-400 kW or more. The power supply is comprised of a plurality of discrete switching type dc-dc converter modules, each comprising a voltage regulator, an inductor, an inverter for producing a high frequency square wave current of alternating polarity, an improved inverter voltage clamping circuit, a step up transformer, and an output rectifier for producing a dc voltage at the output of each module. The inputs to the converter modules are fed from a common dc rectifier/filter and are linked together in parallel through decoupling networks to suppress high frequency input interactions. The outputs of the converter modules are linked together in series and connected to the input of the transmission line to the load through a decoupling and line matching network. The dc-dc converter modules are phase activated such that for n modules, each module is activated equally 360.degree./n out of phase with respect to a successive module. The phased activation of the converter modules, combined with the square current waveforms out of the step up transformers, allows the power supply to operate with greatly reduced output capacitance values which minimizes the stored energy available for discharge into an electron beam gun or the like during arcing. The present power supply also provides dynamic response to varying loads by controlling the voltage regulator duty cycle using simulated voltage feedback signals and voltage feedback loops. Circuitry is also provided for sensing incipient arc currents reflected at the output of the power supply and for simultaneously decoupling the power supply circuitry from the arcing load.

Shimer, Daniel W. (Danville, CA); Lange, Arnold C. (Livermore, CA)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Topology, design, analysis and thermal management of power electronics for hybrid electric vehicle  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Topology, design, analysis and thermal management of power electronics for hybrid electric vehicle an important role in the success of electric, hybrid and fuel cell vehicles. Typical power electronics circuits/DC converter; electric drives; electric vehicles; fuel cell; hybrid electric vehicles; power electronics, motor

Mi, Chunting "Chris"

450

Published in IET Power Electronics Received on 24th April 2012  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

@gmail.com Abstract: Power electronic converters are essential part of hybrid fuel cell automotive application systemsPublished in IET Power Electronics Received on 24th April 2012 Revised on 23rd October 2012 the FC output voltage without using extra power electronic devices by using a Z-source inverter [15, 16

Simões, Marcelo Godoy

451

Published in IET Power Electronics Received on 9th June 2008  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Introduction The use of power electronic converters has gained momentum in industrial and automotivePublished in IET Power Electronics Received on 9th June 2008 Revised on 25th November 2008 doi: 10 and automotive applications including a future plug-in hybrid or fuel-cell powered all electric vehicles

Tolbert, Leon M.

452

The ultra-thin solar cells that could generate power through windows  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The ultra-thin solar cells that could generate power through windows By Claire Bates Last updated, generating enough electricity to power the GPS or air conditioning. Solar cells, which convert solar energy into tinted windows Page 1 of 3The ultra-thin solar cells that could generate power through windows | Mail

Rogers, John A.

453

DAMAGE DETECTION STRATEGIES IN STRUCTURAL HEALTH MONITORING OF OVERHEAD POWER TRANSMISSION SYSTEM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

regions, but huge blackouts are also possible. Every power outage causes a great financial loss, threats part of T&D System that goes from the power plant to substations near demand points. "Distribution/DC and DC/AC converters) is met. T&D System in Poland operates on 19 electric power plants and is made

Boyer, Edmond

454

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER ELECTRONICS, VOL. 23, NO. 4, JULY 2008 2201 Scalable Digital Multiphase Modulator  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER ELECTRONICS, VOL. 23, NO. 4, JULY 2008 2201 Scalable Digital Multiphase Terms--Converter, digital, electronics, integrated cir- cuit (IC), modulator, multiphase, power through the Colorado Power Electronics Center. Recommended for publication by Associate Editor K. Strunz

455

NREL Research on Converting Biomass to Liquid Fuels  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Unlike other renewable energy sources, biomass can be converted directly into liquid fuels, called "biofuels," to help meet transportation fuel needs. The two most common types of biofuels are ethanol and biodiesel. Today, ethanol is made from starches and sugars, but at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) scientists are developing technology to allow it to be made from cellulose and hemicellulose, the fibrous material that makes up the bulk of most plant matter. Biodiesel is made by combining alcohol (usually methanol) with vegetable oil, animal fat, or recycled cooking grease. It can be used as an additive (typically 20%) to reduce vehicle emissions or in its pure form as a renewable alternative fuel for diesel engines. For a text version of this video visit http://www.nrel.gov/learning/re_biofuels.html

None

2013-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

456

A Study of Radiative Bottomonium Transitions using Converted Photons  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The authors use (111 {+-} 1) million {Upsilon}(3S) and (89 {+-} 1) million {Upsilon}(2S) events recorded by the BABAR detector at the PEP-II B-factory at SLAC to perform a study of radiative transitions betwen bottomonium states using photons that have been converted to e{sup +}e{sup -} pairs by the detector material. They observe {Upsilon}(3S) {yields} {gamma}{chi}{sub b0,2}(1P) decay, make precise measurements of the branching fractions for {chi}{sub b1,2}(1P, 2P) {yields} {gamma}{Upsilon}(1S) and {chi}{sub b1,2}(2P) {yields} {gamma}{Upsilon}(2S) decays, and search for radiative decay to the {eta}{sub b}(1S) and {eta}{sub b}(2S) states.

Lees, J.P.; Poireau, V.; Prencipe, E.; Tisserand, V.; /Annecy, LAPP; Garra Tico, J.; Grauges, E.; /Barcelona U., ECM; Martinelli, M.; /INFN, Bari /Bari U.; Milanes, D.A.; /INFN, Bari; Palano, A.; Pappagallo, M.; /INFN, Bari /Bari U.; Eigen, G.; Stugu, B.; Sun, L.; /Bergen U.; Brown, D.N.; Kerth, L.T.; Kolomensky, Yu.G.; Lynch, G.; /UC, Berkeley; Koch, H.; Schroeder, T.; /Ruhr U., Bochum; Asgeirsson, D.J.; Hearty, C.; /British Columbia U. /Brunel U. /Novosibirsk, IYF /UC, Irvine /UC, Riverside /UC, Santa Barbara /UC, Santa Cruz /Caltech /Cincinnati U. /Colorado U. /Colorado State U. /Dortmund U. /Dresden, Tech. U. /Ecole Polytechnique /Edinburgh U. /INFN, Ferrara /INFN, Ferrara /Ferrara U. /INFN, Ferrara /Frascati /INFN, Genoa /Genoa U. /INFN, Genoa /INFN, Genoa /Genoa U. /INFN, Genoa /Indian Inst. Tech., Guwahati /Harvard U. /Harvey Mudd Coll. /Heidelberg U. /Humboldt U., Berlin /Imperial Coll., London /Iowa State U. /Iowa State U. /Johns Hopkins U. /Paris U., VI-VII /LLNL, Livermore /Liverpool U. /Queen Mary, U. of London /Royal Holloway, U. of London /Royal Holloway, U. of London /Louisville U. /Mainz U., Inst. Kernphys. /Manchester U. /Maryland U. /Massachusetts U., Amherst /MIT /McGill U. /INFN, Milan /Milan U. /INFN, Milan /INFN, Milan /Milan U. /Mississippi U. /Montreal U. /INFN, Naples /Naples U. /NIKHEF, Amsterdam /NIKHEF, Amsterdam /Notre Dame U. /Ohio State U. /Oregon U. /INFN, Padua /Padua U. /INFN, Padua /INFN, Padua /Padua U. /Paris U., VI-VII /INFN, Perugia /Perugia U. /INFN, Pisa /Pisa U. /INFN, Pisa /Pisa, Scuola Normale Superiore /INFN, Pisa /Pisa U. /INFN, Pisa /INFN, Pisa /Pisa U. /INFN, Pisa /Princeton U. /INFN, Rome /INFN, Rome /Rome U. /INFN, Rome /INFN, Rome /Rome U. /INFN, Rome /Rostock U. /Rutherford /DAPNIA, Saclay /SLAC /South Carolina U. /Southern Methodist U. /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /SUNY, Albany /Tel Aviv U. /Tennessee U. /Texas Nuclear Corp., Austin /Texas U., Dallas /INFN, Turin /Turin U. /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /Valencia U. /Victoria U. /Warwick U. /Wisconsin U., Madison

2011-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

457

Apparatuses and method for converting electromagnetic radiation to direct current  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An energy conversion device may include a first antenna and a second antenna configured to generate an AC current responsive to incident radiation, at least one stripline, and a rectifier coupled with the at least one stripline along a length of the at least one stripline. An energy conversion device may also include an array of nanoantennas configured to generate an AC current in response to receiving incident radiation. Each nanoantenna of the array includes a pair of resonant elements, and a shared rectifier operably coupled to the pair of resonant elements, the shared rectifier configured to convert the AC current to a DC current. The energy conversion device may further include a bus structure operably coupled with the array of nanoantennas and configured to receive the DC current from the array of nanoantennas and transmit the DC current away from the array of nanoantennas.

Kotter, Dale K; Novack, Steven D

2014-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

458

Results from the microminiature thermionic converter demonstration testing program  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Research is in progress to develop microminiature thermionic converters (MTCs) with high energy conversion efficiencies and variable operating temperatures using semiconductor integrated circuit (IC) fabrication methods. The use of IC techniques allows the fabrication of MTCs with cathode to anode spacing of several microns or less and with anode and cathode materials that will have work functions ranging from 1 eV to 3 eV. The small cathode to anode spacing and variable electrode work functions should allow the conversion of heat energy to relatively large current densities (up to tens of Amps/cm{sup 2}) at relatively high conversion efficiencies (15{endash}25{percent}). {copyright} {ital 1999 American Institute of Physics.}

King, Donald B.; Wyant, Francis J. [International Nuclear Safety Department, Sandia National Laboratories, MS-0744, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87185 (United States)] Luke, James R. [New Mexico Engineering Research Institute, 901 University Blvd. SE, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87106 (United States)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

Spring structure for a thermionic converter emitter support arrangement  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A support is provided for use in a thermionic converter to support an end of an emitter to keep it out of contact with a surrounding collector while allowing the emitter end to move axially as its temperature changes. The emitter end is supported by a spring structure that includes a pair of Belleville springs, and the spring structure is supported by a support structure fixed to the housing that includes the collector. The support structure is in the form of a sandwich with a small metal spring-engaging element at the front end, a larger metal main support at the rear end that is attached to the housing, and with a ceramic layer between them that is bonded by hot isostatic pressing to the metal element and metal main support. The spring structure can include a loose wafer captured between the Belleville springs. 7 figs.

Allen, D.T.

1992-03-17T23:59:59.000Z

460

Spring structure for a thermionic converter emitter support arrangement  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A support is provided for use in a thermionic converter to support an end of an emitter to keep it out of contact with a surrounding collector while allowing the emitter end to move axially as its temperature changes. The emitter end (34) is supported by a spring structure (44) that includes a pair of Belleville springs, and the spring structure is supported by a support structure (42) fixed to the housing that includes the collector. The support structure is in the form of a sandwich with a small metal spring-engaging element (74) at the front end, a larger metal main support (76) at the rear end that is attached to the housing, and with a ceramic layer (80) between them that is bonded by hot isostatic pressing to the metal element and metal main support. The spring structure can include a loose wafer (120) captured between the Belleville springs.

Allen, Daniel T. (La Jolla, CA)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "module-integrated power converters" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Low Head, Vortex Induced Vibrations River Energy Converter  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Vortex Induced Vibrations Aquatic Clean Energy (VIVACE) is a novel, demonstrated approach to extracting energy from water currents. This invention is based on a phenomenon called Vortex Induced Vibrations (VIV), which was first observed by Leonardo da Vinci in 1504AD. He called it ‘Aeolian Tones.’ For decades, engineers have attempted to prevent this type of vibration from damaging structures, such as offshore platforms, nuclear fuel rods, cables, buildings, and bridges. The underlying concept of the VIVACE Converter is the following: Strengthen rather than spoil vortex shedding; enhance rather than suppress VIV; harness rather than mitigate VIV energy. By maximizing and utilizing this unique phenomenon, VIVACE takes this “problem” and successfully transforms it into a valuable resource for mankind.

Bernitsas, Michael B.; Dritz, Tad

2006-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

462

NREL Research on Converting Biomass to Liquid Fuels  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Unlike other renewable energy sources, biomass can be converted directly into liquid fuels, called "biofuels," to help meet transportation fuel needs. The two most common types of biofuels are ethanol and biodiesel. Today, ethanol is made from starches and sugars, but at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) scientists are developing technology to allow it to be made from cellulose and hemicellulose, the fibrous material that makes up the bulk of most plant matter. Biodiesel is made by combining alcohol (usually methanol) with vegetable oil, animal fat, or recycled cooking grease. It can be used as an additive (typically 20%) to reduce vehicle emissions or in its pure form as a renewable alternative fuel for diesel engines. For a text version of this video visit http://www.nrel.gov/learning/re_biofuels.html

None

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

A Universal Level Converter Towards theA Universal Level Converter Towards the Realization ofRealization of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DDNEMS Solid-lines represent power bus.So d es ep ese powe bus. Dotted-lines represent data and control buses. 3/6/2009 6 #12;DDNEMS Components: PMUDDNEMS Components: PMU Power Management Unit (PMU of PMU is a bank

Mohanty, Saraju P.

464

Low power reactor for remote applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A compact, low power reactor is being designed to provide electric power for remote, unattended applications. Because of the high fuel and maintenance costs for conventional power sources such as diesel generators, a reactor power supply appears especially attractive for remote and inaccessible locations. Operating at a thermal power level of 135 kWt, the power supply achieves a gross electrical output of 25 kWe from an organic Rankine cycle (ORC) engine. By intentional selection of design features stressing inherent safety, operation in an unattended mode is possible with minimal risk to the environment. Reliability is achieved through the use of components representing existing, proven technology. Low enrichment uranium particle fuel, in graphite core blocks, cooled by heat pipes coupled to an ORC converter insures long-term, virtually maintenance free, operation of this reactor for remote applications. 10 refs., 7 figs., 3 tabs.

Meier, K.L.; Palmer, R.G.; Kirchner, W.L.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

Direct conversion nuclear reactor space power systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper presents the results of a study of space nuclear reactor power systems using either thermoelectric or thermionic energy converters. An in-core reactor design and two heat pipe cooled out-of-core reactor designs were considered. One of the out-of-core cases utilized, long heat pipes (LHP) directly coupled to the energy converter. The second utilized a larger number of smaller heat pipes (mini-pipe) radiatively coupled to the energy converter. In all cases the entire system, including power conditioning, was constrained to be launched in a single shuttle flight. Assuming presently available performance, both the LHP thermoelectric system and minipipe thermionic system, designed to produce 100 kWe for seven years, would have a specific mass near 22kg/kWe. The specific mass of the thermionic minipipe system designed for a one year mission is 165 kg/kWe due to less fuel swelling. Shuttle imposed growth limits are near 300 kWe and 1.2 MWe for the thermoelectric and thermionic systems, respectively. Converter performance improvements could double this potential, and over 10 MWe may be possible for very short missions.

Britt, E.J.; Fitzpatrick, G.O.

1982-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

Advanced Low Temperature Absorption Chiller Module Integrated with a CHP  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-Up fromDepartment of EnergyAdministrative2 DOE2011 DOE Hydrogen and1 DOESystem at a

467

Sandia National Laboratories: Water Power  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the1development Sandia, NREL Release Wave Energy ConverterEnvironmentWaterPortalPower

468

Method and system to provide thermal power for a power plant  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A method for providing thermal power to generate electricity in a power plant is described comprising: delivering substantially uncut and untrimmed whole trees into a combustion chamber; burning the substantially whole trees in the combustion chamber to generate heat; and absorbing the heat of combustion of the trees in a device for providing power to an electrical power generator. A system for providing power to an electrical generating power plant is described comprising: means for defining a combustion chamber within which substantially uncut and untrimmed whole trees are received for burning; conveyor means for delivering the substantially whole trees for combustion into the combustion chamber; and heat absorbing means for absorbing the heat of combustion of the substantially whole trees, the heat absorbing means being adapted to be operatively connected to means for converting the absorbed heat into electrical power.

Ostlie, L.D.

1987-11-17T23:59:59.000Z

469

650 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER DELIVERY, VOL. 26, NO. 2, APRIL 2011 Hourly Scheduling of DC Transmission Lines in  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Transmission Lines in SCUC With Voltage Source Converters Azim Lotfjou, Mohammad Shahidehpour, Fellow, IEEE transmission lines, se- curity-constrained unit commitment, voltage-source converters. NOMENCLATURE Index of ac;LOTFJOU et al.: HOURLY SCHEDULING OF DC TRANSMISSION LINES 651 , Vector of real and reactive power

Fu, Yong

470

If current capacity were to be expanded so that all of the non-recycled municipal solid waste that is currently sent to U.S. landfills each year could instead be converted to energy, we could generate enough electricity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

so that we could convert our non-recycled waste to alternative energy instead of landfilling it, we-recycled waste into energy instead of landfilling it, we could reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by nearly our roads. The Power of Waste GARBAGE ENERGY REDUCES 123M TONS CO2 = 23M LESS CARS PLASTICS 5.7B

471

Application of direct pulsewidth modulation scheme to AC-DC converters: - a way to reduce ripple  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Modulation (ISPWM), 4 Direct Pulsewidth Modulation (DPWM). 15 5 Single Phase Half Controlled PWM ac-dc Converter . 6 Single Phase Full controlled PWM ac-dc Converter . 18 18 7 Simulation of SPWM ac-dc Converter. 20 8 Output Voltage Spectra of SPWM ac... 30 Balanced Three Phase Inputs 31 Output Voltage of A Three Phase Full Controlled ac-dc SPWM Converter. 42 32 Output Voltage of A Three Phase Full Controlled ac-dc EPWM Con- verter 33 Output Voltage of A Three Phase Full Controlled ac-dc ISPWM Con...

Zhang, Yuemin

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Wet-process dust-collecting apparatus especially for converter exhaust gases  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Metallurgical converter gas is scrubbed in a wet-process electrostatic precipitator utilizing a cylindrical housing and axially separated collecting fields which themselves are vertically subdivided.

Baab, H.

1985-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

473

E-Print Network 3.0 - alpha converting enzyme Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of Bartlett for the underlying "universe" pdf p:unapply(convert(series(exp(x),x0,tay),polynom),x); p : x1 Source: Finner, Helmut - Mathematisches Institut,...

474

angiotensin-converting enzyme levels: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

enzyme activity is significantly determined by a gene polymorphism. Homozygous Brown Norway rats have higher plasma angiotensin I-converting enzyme (more) Jalil Milad, Jorge...

475

Coal-fired furnace for testing of thermionic converters. Topical report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The development of thermionic converter technology has progressed to make near-term applications interesting. One of these applications is the thermionic topping of a pulverized coal-fired central station powerplant. Up to now, thermionic converters have been flame tested using natural gas as fuel. A new test furnace is required for evaluation of thermionic converters in a coal-fired environment. The design and costs of a facility which adapts a coal-fired furnace built by Foster Wheeler Development Corporation (FWDC) for thermionic converter testing are discussed. Such a facility would be exempt from air pollution regulations because of its low firing rate.

Not Available

1980-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

Bibliography on overvoltage protection and insulation coordination of HVDC converter stations, 1979-1989  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This bibliography is a listing of references on the subject of overvoltage protection and insulation coordination of HVDC converter stations, for the years 1979 through 1989.

Not Available

1991-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

E-Print Network 3.0 - angiotensin-i-converting enzyme ace Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Macrophage Angiotensin- Summary: of Human Genetics, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) is a pepti... enzyme. Somatic ACE and testis...

478

E-Print Network 3.0 - angiotensin i-converting enzyme Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE), but no ACE... , University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah To investigate the local effects of angiotensin II ... Source: Capecchi, Mario R....

479

E-Print Network 3.0 - analog to digital converters Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

The objective of this lab... is to analyze, construct, and test a four bit weighted resistor digital to analog converter. The required... digital to ... Source: Landers, Robert...

480

A system for tranmitting low frequency analog signals over ac power lines  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A system for transmitting low frequency analog signals over ac power lines using FM modulation. A low frequency analog signal to be transmitted is first applied to a voltage-to-frequency converter where it is converted to a signal whose frequency varies in proportion to the analog signal amplitude. This signal is then used to modulate the carrier frequency of an FM transmitter coupled to an ac power line. The modulation signal frequency range is selected to be within the response band of the FM transmitter. The FM modulated carrier signal is received by an FM receiver coupled to the ac power line, demodulated and the demodulated signal frequency is converted by a frequency-to-voltage converter back to the form of the original low frequency analog input signal. 4 figs.

Baker, S.P.; Durall, R.L.; Haynes, H.D.

1987-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "module-integrated power converters" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Power supply  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A modular, low weight impedance dropping power supply with battery backup is disclosed that can be connected to a high voltage AC source and provide electrical power at a lower voltage. The design can be scaled over a wide range of input voltages and over a wide range of output voltages and delivered power.

Yakymyshyn, Christopher Paul (Seminole, FL); Hamilton, Pamela Jane (Seminole, FL); Brubaker, Michael Allen (Loveland, CO)

2007-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

482

Redesign of the H-Bridge Switch Plate of the SNS High Voltage Converter Modulator  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The 1-MW High Voltage Converter Modulators [1] have operated in excess of 250,000 hours at the Spallation Neutron Source. Increased demands on the accelerator performance require increased modulator reliability. An effort is underway at SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory to redesign the modulator H-bridge switch plate with the goals of increasing reliability and performance [2]. The major difference between the SLAC design and the existing design is the use of press-pack IGBTs. Compared to other packaging options, these IGBTs have been shown to have increased performance in pulsed-power applications, have increased cooling capability, and do not fragment and disassemble during a fault event. An overview of the SLAC switch plate redesign is presented. Design steps including electrical modeling of the modulator and H-bridge, development of an integrated IGBT clamping mechanism, and fault tests are discussed. Experimental results will be presented comparing electrical performance of the SLAC switch plate to the existing switchplate under normal and fault conditions.

Kemp, M.A.; Burkhart, C.; Nguyen, M.N.; /SLAC; Anderson, D.E.; /Oak Ridge

2009-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

483

Converter performance TFE Verification Program. Final test report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report details TFE Verification Program, the objective, of which is to demonstrate the technology readiness of a TFE suitable for use as the basic element in a thermionic reactor with electric power output in the 0.5 to 5.0 MW(e) range, and a full-power life of 7 years. The TFE Verification Program built directly on the technology and data base developed in the 1960s and early 1970s in an AEC/NASA program, and in the SP-100 program conducted in 1983, 1984 and 1985. In the SP-100 program, the attractive features of thermionic power conversion technology were recognized but concern was expressed over the lack of fast reactor irradiation data. The TFE Verification Program addressed that concern.

Not Available

1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

Intensive neutrino source on the base of lithium converter  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An intensive antineutrino source with a hard spectrum (with energy up to 13 MeV, average energy 6.5 MeV) can be realized on the base of beta-decay of short living isotope 8Li (0.84 s). The 8Li isotope (generated in activation of 7Li isotope) is a prime perspective antineutrino source owing to the hard antineutrino spectrum and square dependence of cross section on the energy. Up today nuclear reactors are the most intensive neutrino sources. Antineutrino reactor spectra have large uncertainties in the summary antineutrino spectrum at energy E>6 MeV. Use of 8Li isotope allows to decrease sharply the uncertainties or to exclude it completely. An intensive neutron fluxes are requested for rapid generation of 8Li isotope. The installations on the base of nuclear reactors can be an alternative for nuclear reactors as traditional neutron sources. It is possible creation of neutrino sources another in principle: on the base of tandem of accelerators, neutron generating targets and lithium converter. An intensive neu...

Lyashuk, V I

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

Fast pulsing of an open research thermionic converter  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Several experiments concerning anomalous phenomena in an open Thermionic Energy Converter (TEC) have previously been reported. Under certain conditions a very high electron current (back current), flowing from the cold collector to the hot emitter, has been observed. This phenomenon has been studied with various methods. The conclusion is that an excited form of matter, with a very low work function, is located on the collector surface and in the interelectrode space. The matter consists of highly excited cesium atoms in a condensed form, and is referred to as Rydberg matter (RM). The existence of RM has been predicted theoretically by Manykin, et al. The efficiency of the RM TEC varies considerably with parameters such as emitter temperature and collector temperature. There is also a discrepancy between the apparent collector work function when the collector is run as electron emitter and when it is used as an electron collector. From other experiments the authors conclude that negative ions Cs{sup {minus}} will form on the RM surface on the collector. In order to control the effect of possible negative ions, a series of experiments including rapid pulsing of the TEC is in progress. The objective of the pulsing is to use a negative pulse (with respect to the collector) to remove possible negative ions from the RM surface and restore the low work function of the RM surface.

Svensson, R. [Coll. of Applied Engineering and Maritime Studies, Goeteborg (Sweden); [Chalmers Univ. of Technology, Goeteborg (Sweden); Holmlid, L. [Univ. of Goeteborg (Sweden). Dept. of Chemistry

1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

486

Method of converting environmentally pollutant waste gases to methanol  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A continuous flow method is described of converting environmentally pollutant by-product gases emitted during the manufacture of silicon carbide to methanol comprising: (a) operating a plurality of batch furnaces of a silicon carbide manufacturing plant thereby producing silicon carbide and emitting by-product gases during the operation of the furnaces; (b) staggering the operation of the batch furnaces to achieve a continuous emission of the by-product gases; (c) continuously flowing the by-product gases as emitted from the batch furnaces directly to a methanol manufacturing plant; (d) cleansing the by-product gases of particulate matter, including removing the element sulfur from the by-product gases, as they are flowed to the methanol manufacturing plant, sufficiently for use of the by-product gases in producing methanol; and (e) immediately producing methanol from the by-product gases at the methanol manufacturing plant whereby the producing of silicon carbide is joined with the producing of methanol as a unified process.

Pfingstl, H.; Martyniuk, W.; Hennepin, A. Ill; McNally, T.; Myers, R.; Eberle, L.

1993-08-03T23:59:59.000Z

487

Wave Power Demonstration Project at Reedsport, Oregon  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Ocean wave power can be a significant source of large?scale, renewable energy for the US electrical grid. The Electrical Power Research Institute (EPRI) conservatively estimated that 20% of all US electricity could be generated by wave energy. Ocean Power Technologies, Inc. (OPT), with funding from private sources and the US Navy, developed the PowerBuoy? to generate renewable energy from the readily available power in ocean waves. OPT's PowerBuoy converts the energy in ocean waves to electricity using the rise and fall of waves to move the buoy up and down (mechanical stroking) which drives an electric generator. This electricity is then conditioned and transmitted ashore as high?voltage power via underwater cable. OPT's wave power generation system includes sophisticated techniques to automatically tune the system for efficient conversion of random wave energy into low cost green electricity, for disconnecting the system in large waves for hardware safety and protection, and for automatically restoring operation when wave conditions normalize. As the first utility scale wave power project in the US, the Wave Power Demonstration Project at Reedsport, OR, will consist of 10 PowerBuoys located 2.5 miles off the coast. This U.S. Department of Energy Grant funding along with funding from PNGC Power, an Oregon?based electric power cooperative, was utilized for the design completion, fabrication, assembly and factory testing of the first PowerBuoy for the Reedsport project. At this time, the design and fabrication of this first PowerBuoy and factory testing of the power take?off subsystem are complete; additionally the power take?off subsystem has been successfully integrated into the spar.

Mekhiche, Mike [Principal Investigator] [Principal Investigator; Downie, Bruce [Project Manager] [Project Manager

2013-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

488

Doublet III neutral beam power system  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Doublet III neutral beam power system supplies pulsed power to the neutral beam injectors for plasma heating experiments on the Doublet III tokamak. The power supply system is connected to an ion source where the power is converted to an 80 kV, 80A, 0.5 sec beam of hydrogen ions at maximum power output. These energetic ions undergo partial neutralization via charge exchange in the beamline. The energetic neutral hydrogen atoms pass through the Doublet III toroidal and poloidal magnet fields and deposit their energy in the confined plasma. The unneutralized ions are deflected into a water-cooled dump. The entire system is interfaced through the neutral beam computer instrumentation and control system.

Nerem, A.; Beal, J.W.; Colleraine, A.P.; LeVine, F.H.; Pipkins, J.F.; Remsen, D.B. Jr.; Tooker, J.F.; Varga, H.J.; Franck, J.V.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

Power electronics in electric utilities: HVDC power transmission systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

High Voltage Direct Current (HVDC) power transmission systems constitute an important application of power electronics technology. This paper reviews salient aspects of this growing industry. The paper summarizes the history of HVDC transmission and discusses the economic and technical reasons responsible for development of HVDC systems. The paper also describes terminal design and basic configurations of HVDC systems, as well as major equipments of HVDC transmission system. In this regard, the state-of-the-art technology in the equipments constructions are discussed. Finally, the paper reviews future developments in the HVDC transmission systems, including promising technologies, such as multiterminal configurations, Gate Turn-Off (GTO) devices, forced commutation converters, and new advances in control electronics.

Nozari, F.; Patel, H.S.

1988-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

a service converting food safety data into valuable sellable information.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the financial benefits of electrical energy storage to office buildings. William Gathright 'G Mat Eng 6:25 PM:45 PM SANA solar based lighting & mobile phone charging solution for emerging markets with an innovative business model based on mobile money. Asiri Jayawardina 'G Arch Sci 5:10 PM Low Cost Water & Power

Salama, Khaled

491

The Matrix Converter Drive Performance Under Abnormal Input Voltage Conditions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that generates variable magnitude variable frequency output voltage from the ac utility line. It has high power conversion device, the disturbances at the ac utility grid (line) side are immediately reflected to the load and large capacitor associated with it, there is no stored energy in the MC. As a result, the utility line

Hava, Ahmet

492

Active Harmonic Filtering Using Current Controlled Grid-Connected DG Units with Closed-Loop Power Control  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Active Harmonic Filtering Using Current Controlled Grid- Connected DG Units with Closed converters to actively compensate harmonics, this paper proposes an enhanced current control approach, which seamlessly integrates system harmonic mitigation capabilities with the primary DG power generation function

Berning, Torsten

493

Application of wave generator theory to the development of a Wave Energy Converter  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Application of wave generator theory to the development of a Wave Energy Converter by Maila Sepri approve the attached thesis Application of wave generator theory to the development of a Wave Energy Application of wave generator theory to the development of a Wave Energy Converter by Maila Sepri Principal

Wood, Stephen L.

494

The Valuation of Convertible Bonds With Credit Risk P. A. Forsyth K. R. Vetzal  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Valuation of Convertible Bonds With Credit Risk E. Ayache P. A. Forsyth K. R. Vetzal April 22 upon the history of its stock price. This paper explores the valuation of convertible bonds subject implicit method to decou- ple the system of linear complementarity problems at each timestep. Numerical

Forsyth, Peter A.

495

A Dual-Supply Buck Converter with Improved Light-Load Efficiency  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to the switching losses that do not scale with load current. In this research, a novel technique for buck converter is proposed to reduce the switching loss by reducing the effective voltage supply at light load. This buck converter, implemented in TSMC 0...

Zhang, Chao

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

496

Sliding Mode Control of Boost Converter: Application to energy storage system via supercapacitors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sliding Mode Control of Boost Converter: Application to energy storage system via supercapacitors», «Robust control», «Supercapacitor». Abstract Sliding mode control of boost converter is studied. In order of an energy storage system based on supercapacitors technology in order to regulate the output voltage. Given

Boyer, Edmond

497

May, 2010DC/DC CONVERTER FOR A SMALL SCALE WIND HYDROGEN SYSTEM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An electronic converter is designed for an isolated renewable energy system. In this system, energy produced by a small wind turbine is used to extract hydrogen from water. Unique aspects of this application that affect the performance of the converter will be defined. Design considerations of the individual components will be discussed. Calculations on performance and validation of those calculations are also presented.

Joel M. Jacobs; Joel M. Jacobs; Joel Michael Jacobs; Adviser Jerry; L. Hudgins

498

A Passivity-Based Controller for coordination of converters in a Fuel Cell System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and hybrid vehicles has increased since 2009. In this context, the development of a fuel cell (FC) system, , A Passivity-Based Controller for coordination of converters in a Fuel Cell System M. Hilaireta-mail: mickael.hilairet@lgep.supelec.fr Abstract The problem of converters coordination of a fuel cell system

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

499

Design and development of a DC-DC converter for a fuel cell inverter system  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis outlines the design and development of a DC-DC converter for a fuel cell inverter application. The proposed DC-DC converter was designed and tested at Texas A&M to meet the specifications laid down for the '2001 Future Energy Challenge...

Gopinath, Rajesh

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

Regenerative Braking for an Electric Vehicle Using Ultracapacitors and a Buck-Boost Converter  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Regenerative Braking for an Electric Vehicle Using Ultracapacitors and a Buck-Boost Converter Juan for an Electric Vehicle has been simulated. The purpose of this device is to allow higher accelerations, similar in shape and size to a Chevrolet S-10. This vehicle was already converted to an electric car

Catholic University of Chile (Universidad Católica de Chile)