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1

Review of Photovoltaic Energy Production Using CdTe Thin-Film Modules: Extended Abstract Preprint  

SciTech Connect

CdTe has near-optimum bandgap, excellent deposition traits, and leads other technologies in commercial PV module production volume. Better understanding materials properties will accelerate deployment.

Gessert, T. A.

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

CdTe OPTICAL WAVEGUIDE MODULATORS (*) D. L. SPEARS and A. J. STRAUSS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

401 CdTe OPTICAL WAVEGUIDE MODULATORS (*) D. L. SPEARS and A. J. STRAUSS Lincoln Laboratory guides d'ondes opto-acoustiques et opto-électriques ont été réalisés dans des guides d'ondes n-/n+ CdTe-électriques de faible tension ont été réalisés en appliquant des électrodes en or sur des plaquettes n+ de CdTe

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

3

Effect of Shunts on Thin-Film CdTe Module Performance. Galymzhan T. Koishiyev, James R. Sites  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Effect of Shunts on Thin-Film CdTe Module Performance. Galymzhan T. Koishiyev, James R. Sites circuit model is used to analyze the impact of shunts on basic performance parameters of a CdTe thin with each other in their effect on the module. To address these questions, a 2-D circuit model of a CdTe

Sites, James R.

4

Technical evaluation of Solar Cells, Inc., CdTe modules and array at NREL  

SciTech Connect

The Engineering and Technology Validation Team at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) conducts in-situ technical evaluations of polycrystalline thin-film photovoltaic (PV) modules and arrays. This paper focuses on the technical evaluation of Solar Cells, Inc., (SCI) cadmium telluride (CdTe) module and array performance by attempting to correlate individual module and array performance. This is done by examining the performance and stability of the modules and array over a period of more than one year. Temperature coefficients for module and array parameters (P{sub max}V{sub oc}, V{sub max}, I{sub sc}, I{sub max}) are also calculated.

Kroposki, B.; Strand, T.; Hansen, R. [and others] [and others

1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

High-throughput manufacturing of thin-film CdTe photovoltaic modules  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The main obstacle to the wide spread use of photovoltaics as a major source of renewable energy has been cost. The key to lowering the cost of photovoltaic generated energy to the levels of conventional sources of energy lays in the development of low cost high throughput manufacturing processes. Solar Cells Inc. (SCI) believes this can be achieved for CdTe based modules by integrating its PV fabrication processes with a modern glass plant. That is sand in finished module out. It is also necessary to have a stable end product in order to gain wide acceptance. SCI has been working at producing large-area CdS/CdTe photovoltaic (PV) modules and the processes developed at SCI can be scaled to achieve high production levels at cost-effective rates.

Alan McMaster; Steve Johnson

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

CD  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

m m 3 (D CD ^ Q) r* o' 3 a 3 5" w' c* Q) f-i- O 3 o o m m > o t\3' & "5 o o z V / oo 00 O O 0) i H * * ZJ (Q C/5 m g> CO o o 3 3 (D O J SL CD CU g (D T3 * CQ II CD tt> 0) CO CD 00 CD § = > co 3 m 33 1 S § 5" CD |«8 CQ m s> ffo CQ §- > 5" M W CD Q. o 5' S 5' CD CO CO O o 0) Q) co = fl P 0) 3 5' § -3 8 -P ui ro -vj to 0> Q> CD (D O (3 Q. 5 sr co 5 CD * *£* "$* C CO ro fO ^*o| oo, CO B-s co o 00 O ro 9 i -la en 5' _ ?f - 3J TI m o Q (D ;±: 00 to^ -n S. - ~~ 6 cp 2.

7

Performance Stabilization of CdTe PV Modules using Bias and Light  

SciTech Connect

Reversible performance changes due to light exposure frustrate repeatable performance measurements on CdTe PV modules. It is common to use extended light-exposure to ensure that measurements are representative of outdoor performance. We quantify the extent to which such a light-exposed state depends on module temperature and consider bias in the dark to aid in stabilization. We evaluate the use of dark forward bias to bring about a performance state equivalent to that obtained with light exposure, and to maintain a light-exposed state prior to STC performance measurement. Our results indicate that the most promising method for measuring a light-exposed state is to use light exposure at controlled temperature followed by prompt STC measurement with a repeatable time interval between exposure and the STC measurement.

Silverman, T. J.; Deceglie, M. G.; Marion, B.; Kurtz, S. R.

2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

Sion Power Corp formerly Moltech Corp | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sion Power Corp formerly Moltech Corp Sion Power Corp formerly Moltech Corp Jump to: navigation, search Name Sion Power Corp (formerly Moltech Corp) Place Tucson, Arizona Zip AZ 85756 Sector Vehicles Product Tucson, Arizona-based privately held developer of thin-film lithium-sulfur rechargeable batteries for propelling vehicles and other high energy-density applications. Coordinates 32.221553°, -110.969754° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":32.221553,"lon":-110.969754,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

9

Direct Analysis of JV-Curves Applied to an Outdoor-Degrading CdTe Module (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect

We present the application of a phenomenological four parameter equation to fit and analyze regularly measured current density-voltage JV curves of a CdTe module during 2.5 years of outdoor operation. The parameters are physically meaningful, i.e. the short circuit current density Jsc, open circuit voltage Voc and differential resistances Rsc, and Roc. For the chosen module, the fill factor FF degradation overweighs the degradation of Jsc and Voc. Interestingly, with outdoor exposure, not only the conductance at short circuit, Gsc, increases but also the Gsc(Jsc)-dependence. This is well explained with an increase in voltage dependent charge carrier collection in CdTe.

Jordan, D; Kurtz, S.; Ulbrich, C.; Gerber, A.; Rau, U.

2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

FRm : John A. Deny, DitiSion Of  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

to : lieads of Divisions am3 Man DAW.: December 6, 1954 to : lieads of Divisions am3 Man DAW.: December 6, 1954 FRm : John A. Deny, DitiSion Of SPNBOL : csm-R:AcB The attached tabulation of active AEC contracts over $l,ooO,Mx) haa been ,xepared as a result of recurring requests fcr infmmatirm cm ow larger contracts. It consists ox- Pa-t I - E+ime contracts and Pert II - Sub- ccdxacts, and lists the contracts alphabetically bq Operations Office to shar; (1) tne of work being prformed by the contractcr; (2) contract rmter; (3).ac&ated dollar obligation; (4) tspe of contract, i.e., cost m or fixed ,rlce; ad, (5) the est+ted completion date. 1. Arcbitict-Engineer (AE) 2. DnSita constnlctfon 3. Research and Dewlopnent (R&D) 4. Haterids, Supplies and EquiFment for Constructian (=---.) 5. Materials, supplies and Equippent, other @e&other)

11

CD  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

a a o O c- (D 3 m cn o 5- sl) < cn . ft, =. 0. CD --o O O (.0 RESPONSIVE TO THE NEEDS OF ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT 0 0 0 -1 0 CD 13 < 0 tl) 5' CD cn 51" INTERNATIONAL TECHNOLOGY CORPORATION Tritium Migration and Hydrogeological Studies in the Vicinity of Plot M Palos Forest Preserve * * INTERNATIONAL TECHNOLOGY CORPORATION Table of Contents List of Tables iii List of Figures iv 1.0 Introduction 1-1 1.1 History of the Site 1-1 1.2 Description of Radioactive Wastes 1-4 1.3 Radiological Characteristics of Tritium 1-5 1.4 Objectives and Scope of This Study 1-7 2.0 Description of the Area 2-1 2.1 Location 2-1 2.2 Physiography 2-1 2.3 Surface Drainage 2-2 2.4 Vegetation 2-3 3.0 Previous Investigations and Monitoring Programs

12

E-Print Network 3.0 - af cd fra Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

til det tidligere European Wind Atlas', vil p grund af datamngden udkomme i CD-rom ver- sion... - placerede vindmlleparker af Sten Frandsen og Jrgen Hjstrup 10...

13

Immunosuppressive dietary n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids differentially modulate costimulatory regulation of murine CD4+ T-cell function  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

anti-inflammatory mechanism of n-3 PUFA. Eicosanoids are a group of chemical messengers that act within the immune system to modulate the intensity and duration of inflammatory responses (reviewed in (23-25)). For example, prostaglandin E2 (PGE2... express a T-cell receptor (TCR) associated with a complex of transmembrane signaling proteins called CD3 (35). Cell- mediated immunity is the effector function of T-lymphocytes, which serves as an important defense mechanism against many microbes...

Ly, Lan H.

2005-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

14

Technology support for high-throughput processing of thin-film CdTe PV modules: Annual technical report, Phase 1, 1 April 1998--31 March 1999  

SciTech Connect

This report describes work performed by First Solar, L.L.C., during Phase 1 of this 3-year subcontract. The research effort of this subcontract is divided into four areas: (1) process and equipment development, (2) efficiency improvement, (3) characterization and analysis, and (4) environmental, health, and safety. As part of the process development effort, the output of the pilot-production facility was increased. More than 6,200 8-ft{sup 2} CdS/CdTe plates were produced during Phase 1--more than double the total number produced prior to Phase 1. This increase in pilot-production rate was accomplished without a loss in the PV conversion efficiency: the average total-area AM1.5 efficiency of sub-modules produced during the reporting period was 6.4%. Several measurement techniques, such as large-area measurement of CdS thickness, were developed to aid process improvement, and the vapor-transport deposition method was refined. CdTe thickness uniformity and reproducibility were improved. From a population of more than 1,100 plates, the mean standard deviation within a plate was 7.3% and the standard deviation of individual-plate averages was 6.8%. As part of the efficiency-improvement task, research was done on devices with thin-CdS and buffer layers. A cell with 13.9% efficiency was produced on a high-quality substrate, and higher than 12% efficiency was achieved with a cell with no CdS layer. A number of experiments were performed as part of the characterization and analysis task. The temperature dependence of CdTe modules was investigated; the power output was found to be relatively insensitive (<5%) to temperature in the 25 to 50 C range. As part of the characterization and analysis task, considerable effort was also given to reliability verification and improvement. The most carefully monitored array, located at the NREL, was found to have unchanged power output within the margin of error of measurement (5%) after 5 years in the field. The first round of National CdTe Team stability tests were concluded. One back-contact formulation resulted in cells that increased in efficiency as a result of 9,700 hours of light soaking. As part of the environmental, health, and safety task, an emissions survey was performed for the pilot-production facility. For production of 360 modules/day, it was predicted that the cadmium emissions would be only 0.015% of the level that would require any permitting; however, methanol emissions may require permitting if anticipated process changes are not implemented. Process improvements in edge delete, CdS material preparation, waste compaction, CdCl{sub 2}-vapor collection, and wastewater treatment were made, resulting in reduced costs, reduced emissions, and improved operator safety.

Rose, D.H.; Powell, R.C.; Grecu, D.; Jayamaha, U.; Hanak, J.J.; Bohland, J.; Smigielski, K.; Dorer, G.L.

1999-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

15

Research Leading to High Throughput Manufacturing of Thin-Film CdTe PV Modules: Annual Subcontract Report, September 2004--September 2005  

SciTech Connect

Specific overall objectives of this subcontract are improvement in baseline field performance of manufactured CdTe PV modules while reducing environmental, health and safety risk in the manufacturing environment. Project objectives focus on four broad categories: (1) development of advanced front-contact window layers, (2) improved semiconductor film deposition, (3) development of improved accelerated life test procedures that indicate baseline field performance, and (4) reduction of cadmium-related environmental, health and safety risks. First Solar has significantly increased manufacturing capacity from less than 2 MW/yr to more than 20 MW/yr, while increasing the average module total-area power conversion efficiency from 7% to >9%. First Solar currently manufactures and sells 50-65-W thin-film CdTe PV modules at a rate of about 1.9 MW/month. Sales backlog (booked sales less current inventory divided by production rate) is more than a year. First Solar is currently building new facilities and installing additional equipment to increase production capacity by 50 MW/yr; the additional capacity is expected to come on line in the third quarter of 2006.

Powell, R. C.

2006-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

SIGNATURE OF THIS CO U A RECORD OF THIS DEC SION. NEPA Compliance Officer Signature:  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

THIS THIS CO U A RECORD OF THIS DEC SION. NEPA Compliance Officer Signature: .PA Compliance Officer Page 1 of 1 PINC-5.F2. t1.01A11) U.S. DEPARMENT OF ENERGY FERE PROJECT MANAGEMENT CENTER NEPA DETERI\ ITNATION RECIPIENT:The University of Texas at Austin STATE: TX PROJECT Techno-economic Modeling of the Integration of 20% Wind and Large-scale energy storage in ERCOT TITLE : by 2030 Funding Opportunity Announcement Number Procurement Instrument Number NEPA Control Number CID Number DE-PS36-09G099009 DE -EE0001 385 GF0-1 0-026 0 Based on my review of the information concerning the proposed action, as NEPA Compliance Officer (authorized under DOE Order 451.IA), I have made the following determination: CX, EA, EIS APPENDIX AND NUMBER: Description: A9 Information gathering (including, but not limited to, literature surveys, inventories, audits), data analysis (including

17

Studies of sputtered CdTe and CdSe solar cells.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??CdTe has recently become the most commercially successful polycrystalline thin filmsolar module material. Its low cost, large-area solar module is reshaping the silicondominatedsolar panel market; (more)

Kwon, Dohyoung

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Development of Robust High Efficiency Thin-Film CdTe Photovoltaic Modules: Phase I Annual Report, 30 September 2006 - 28 December 2007  

SciTech Connect

First Solar demonstrated a cadmium telluride module with an NREL-confirmed aperture efficiency of 12.2% and stability with accelerated life testing.

Green, R. T.

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

rillEdge is a software system that provides real-time deci-sion support when drilling oil wells. Decisions are sup-  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

D rillEdge is a software system that provides real-time deci- sion support when drilling oil wells developed DrillEdge to reduce the cost and decrease the probability of fail- ures in oil well drilling. Currently, DrillEdge continuously mon- itors around 30 oil well drilling operations in parallel for sever

Aamodt, Agnar

20

THE WIRED SURVEY. IV. NEW DUST DISKS FROM THE McCOOK and SION WHITE DWARF CATALOG  

SciTech Connect

We have compiled photometric data from the Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer All Sky Survey and other archival sources for the more than 2200 objects in the original McCook and Sion Catalog of Spectroscopically Identified White Dwarfs. We applied color-selection criteria to identify 28 targets whose infrared spectral energy distributions depart from the expectation for the white dwarf (WD) photosphere alone. Seven of these are previously known WDs with circumstellar dust disks, five are known central stars of planetary nebulae, and six were excluded for being known binaries or having possible contamination of their infrared photometry. We fit WD models to the spectral energy distributions of the remaining ten targets, and find seven new candidates with infrared excess suggesting the presence of a circumstellar dust disk. We compare the model dust disk properties for these new candidates with a comprehensive compilation of previously published parameters for known WDs with dust disks. It is possible that the current census of WDs with dust disks that produce an excess detectable at K-band and shorter wavelengths is close to complete for the entire sample of known WDs to the detection limits of existing near-IR all-sky surveys. The WD dust disk candidates now being found using longer wavelength infrared data are drawn from a previously underrepresented region of parameter space, in which the dust disks are overall cooler, narrower in radial extent, and/or contain fewer emitting grains.

Hoard, D. W.; Wachter, Stefanie [Max Planck Institut fuer Astronomie, D-69117 Heidelberg (Germany); Debes, John H. [Space Telescope Science Institute, Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States); Leisawitz, David T. [Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States); Cohen, Martin, E-mail: hoard@mpia.de [Monterey Institute for Research in Astronomy, Marina, CA 93933 (United States)

2013-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "module sion cd" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Structural and Functional Characterization of a Single-chain Peptide-MHC Molecule that Modulates both Naive and Activated CD8plus T Cells  

SciTech Connect

Peptide-MHC (pMHC) multimers, in addition to being tools for tracking and quantifying antigen-specific T cells, can mediate downstream signaling after T-cell receptor engagement. In the absence of costimulation, this can lead to anergy or apoptosis of cognate T cells, a property that could be exploited in the setting of autoimmune disease. Most studies with class I pMHC multimers used noncovalently linked peptides, which can allow unwanted CD8{sup +} T-cell activation as a result of peptide transfer to cellular MHC molecules. To circumvent this problem, and given the role of self-reactive CD8{sup +} T cells in the development of type 1 diabetes, we designed a single-chain pMHC complex (scK{sup d}.IGRP) by using the class I MHC molecule H-2K{sup d} and a covalently linked peptide derived from islet-specific glucose-6-phosphatase catalytic subunit-related protein (IGRP{sub 206-214}), a well established autoantigen in NOD mice. X-ray diffraction studies revealed that the peptide is presented in the groove of the MHC molecule in canonical fashion, and it was also demonstrated that scK{sup d}.IGRP tetramers bound specifically to cognate CD8{sup +} T cells. Tetramer binding induced death of naive T cells and in vitro- and in vivo-differentiated cytotoxic T lymphocytes, and tetramer-treated cytotoxic T lymphocytes showed a diminished IFN-{gamma} response to antigen stimulation. Tetramer accessibility to disease-relevant T cells in vivo was also demonstrated. Our study suggests the potential of single-chain pMHC tetramers as possible therapeutic agents in autoimmune disease. Their ability to affect the fate of naive and activated CD8{sup +} T cells makes them a potential intervention strategy in early and late stages of disease.

D Samanta; G Mukherjee; U Ramagopal; R Chaparro; S Nathenson; T DiLorenzo; S Almo

2011-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

22

CD-ROMs et cours en ligne : de nouveaux outils de formation en traitement du signal  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CD-ROMs et cours en ligne : de nouveaux outils de formation en traitement du signal Kheira Sahli in data processing topics. Educational CD-ROMs and Web based on-line modules based on the signal of animations and their high degree of interactivity, CD-ROMs and Web based on-line modules are useful tools

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

23

E-Print Network 3.0 - antigens cd Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and elimination by CD4+ effector... and antigen-specific CD4+ T cells in the lungs are defective, and that this contributes to persistence... may modulate expression of antigen...

24

College of AgriCulturAl SCienCeS AgriCulturAl reSeArCh And CooperAtive extenSion Access and AllocAtion of  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

College of AgriCulturAl SCienCeS · AgriCulturAl reSeArCh And CooperAtive extenSion Access and Alloc- gation, recreation, and hydro- electric power generation, do not involve withdrawing water from its level of government is best suited to regulate water use. Predictions that climate change will influence

Boyer, Elizabeth W.

25

Mass of Cd104  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A quadrupole-dipole-dipole-dipole spectrograph has been used with a 34.6 MeV proton beam to observe the Cd106(p,t)Cd104 reaction. The Q value is measured and a mass excess of -83 963(14) keV is inferred for Cd104.NUCLEAR REACTIONS Cd106(p,t)Cd104, E=34.6 MeV; Q value measured; mass excess inferred.

R. A. Dewberry; R. T. Kouzes; R. A. Naumann

1983-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

PDSF Modules  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Modules Modules Modules Modules Approach to Managing The Environment Modules is a system which you can use to specify what software you want to use. If you want to use a particular software package loading its module will take care of the details of modifying your environment as necessary. The advantage of the modules approach is that the you are not required to explicitly specify paths for different executable versions and try to keep their related man paths and environment variables coordinated. Instead you simply "load" and "unload" specific modules to control your environment. Getting Started with Modules If you're using the standard startup files on PDSF then you're already setup for using modules. If the "module" command is not available, please

27

Module Configuration  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A stand alone battery module including: (a) a mechanical configuration; (b) a thermal management configuration; (c) an electrical connection configuration; and (d) an electronics configuration. Such a module is fully interchangeable in a battery pack assembly, mechanically, from the thermal management point of view, and electrically. With the same hardware, the module can accommodate different cell sizes and, therefore, can easily have different capacities. The module structure is designed to accommodate the electronics monitoring, protection, and printed wiring assembly boards (PWAs), as well as to allow airflow through the module. A plurality of modules may easily be connected together to form a battery pack. The parts of the module are designed to facilitate their manufacture and assembly.

Oweis, Salah (Ellicott City, MD); D'Ussel, Louis (Bordeaux, FR); Chagnon, Guy (Cockeysville, MD); Zuhowski, Michael (Annapolis, MD); Sack, Tim (Cockeysville, MD); Laucournet, Gaullume (Paris, FR); Jackson, Edward J. (Taneytown, MD)

2002-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

28

CdSxTe1-x Alloying in CdS/CdTe Solar Cells  

SciTech Connect

A CdS{sub x}Te{sub 1-x} layer forms by interdiffusion of CdS and CdTe during the fabrication of thin film CdTe photovoltaic (PV) devices. The CdS{sub x}Te{sub 1-x} layer is thought to be important because it relieves strain at the CdS/CdTe interface that would otherwise exist due to the 10% lattice mismatch between these two materials. Our previous work has indicated that the electrical junction is located in this interdiffused CdS{sub x}Te{sub 1-x} region. Further understanding, however, is essential to predict the role of this CdS{sub x}Te{sub 1-x} layer in the operation of CdS/CdTe devices. In this study, CdS{sub x}Te{sub 1-x} alloy films were deposited by radio-frequency magnetron sputtering and coevaporation from CdTe and CdS sources. Both radio-frequency-magnetron-sputtered and coevaporated CdS{sub x}Te{sub 1-x} films of lower S content (x < 0.3) have a cubic zincblende (ZB) structure akin to CdTe, whereas those of higher S content have a hexagonal wurtzite (WZ) structure like that of CdS. Films become less preferentially oriented as a result of a CdCl{sub 2} heat treatment at {approx}400 C for 5 min. Films sputtered in a 1% O{sub 2}/Ar ambient are amorphous as deposited, but show CdTe ZB, CdS WZ, and CdTe oxide phases after a CdCl{sub 2} heat treatment. Films sputtered in O{sub 2} partial pressure have a much wider bandgap than expected. This may be explained by nanocrystalline size effects seen previously for sputtered oxygenated CdS (CdS:O) films.

Duenow, J. N.; Dhere, R. G.; Moutinho, H. R.; To, B.; Pankow, J. W.; Kuciauskas, D.; Gessert, T. A.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

The Environmental Guidebook Companion CD-ROM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Guidebook Companion CD-ROM By Jeff Staudinger Reviewed bywith Companion CD- ROM. Menlo Park, CA: Environmentaldocument collections on CD-ROM is gathering speed.

Stirling, Dale

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

CdTe/CdZnTe pixellated radiation detector.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The work in this thesis is focused on the study of CdTe/CdZnTe pixellated detectors. During this research, three main aspects have been covered in the (more)

Mohd Zain, Rasif

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Advanced CdTe Photovoltaic Technology: September 2007 - March 2009  

SciTech Connect

During the last eighteen months, Abound Solar (formerly AVA Solar) has enjoyed significant success under the SAI program. During this time, a fully automated manufacturing line has been developed, fabricated and commissioned in Longmont, Colorado. The facility is fully integrated, converting glass and semiconductor materials into complete modules beneath its roof. At capacity, a glass panel will enter the factory every 10 seconds and emerge as a completed module two hours later. This facility is currently undergoing trials in preparation for large volume production of 120 x 60 cm thin film CdTe modules. Preceding the development of the large volume manufacturing capability, Abound Solar demonstrated long duration processing with excellent materials utilization for the manufacture of high efficiency 42 cm square modules. Abound Solar prototype modules have been measured with over 9% aperture area efficiency by NREL. Abound Solar demonstrated the ability to produce modules at industry leading low costs to NREL representatives. Costing models show manufacturing costs below $1/Watt and capital equipment costs below $1.50 per watt of annual manufacturing capacity. Under this SAI program, Abound Solar supported a significant research and development program at Colorado State University. The CSU team continues to make progress on device and materials analysis. Modeling for increased device performance and the effects of processing conditions on properties of CdTe PV were investigated.

Barth, K.

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Cross Talk between CD3 and CD28 Is Spatially Modulated by Protein Lateral Mobility  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...condition) and were analyzed using Kruskal-Wallis/Tukey methods (alpha = 0...all others, as analyzed using Kruskal-Wallis/Tukey methods (alpha = 0...determined using a Lillifors test, Kruskal-Wallis approaches were used in place...

Keenan T. Bashour; Jones Tsai; Keyue Shen; Joung-Hyun Lee; Eileen Sun; Michael C. Milone; Michael L. Dustin; Lance C. Kam

2013-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

33

Impurity and back contact effects on CdTe/CdS thin film solar cells.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??CdTe/CdS thin film solar cells are the most promising cost-effective solar cells. The goal of this project is to improve the performance for CdS/CdTe devices (more)

Zhao, Hehong

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Luminescence Enhancement of CdTe Nanostructures in LaF3:Ce/CdTe...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Enhancement of CdTe Nanostructures in LaF3:CeCdTe Nanocomposites. Luminescence Enhancement of CdTe Nanostructures in LaF3:CeCdTe Nanocomposites. Abstract: Radiation detection...

35

Influence of CdTe thickness on structural and electrical properties of CdTe/CdS solar cells  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Influence of CdTe thickness on structural and electrical properties of CdTe/CdS solar cells A a b s t r a c ta r t i c l e i n f o Available online xxxx Keywords: Solar cells CdCl2 CdTe Thin absorbers Due to its high scalability and low production cost, CdTe solar cells have shown a very strong

Romeo, Alessandro

36

COMMUNICATIONS Cd doping at the CuInSe2 CdS heterojunction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

COMMUNICATIONS Cd doping at the CuInSe2 �CdS heterojunction Dongxiang Liaoa) and Angus Rockett that CIGS could be doped with Cd during chemical bath deposition CBD of CdS.6 However, Cd doping of CIGS October 2002; accepted 7 March 2003 The chemical composition of the CuInSe2 /CdS heterojunction interface

Rockett, Angus

37

Rook's Textbook of Dermatology: CD-ROM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Blaschko. In summary, this CD-ROM is simply an electronicform is now available on CD-ROM. If you don't already ownedition of this text, the CD-ROM version priced at only $295

Haycox, Claire L. MD PhD

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

TOB Module Assembly  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

SiTracker Home Page Participating Institutions and Principal Contacts Useful Links Notes Images TOB Module Assembly and Testing Project TOB Integration Data Tracker Offline DQM LHC Fluence Calculator Total US Modules Tested Graph Total US Modules Tested Graph Total US Modules Tested Total US Modules Tested US Modules Tested Graph US Modules Tested Graph US Modules Tested US Modules Tested Rod Assembly TOB Modules on a Rod TOB Rod Insertion Installation of a TOB Rod Completed TOB Completed Tracker Outer Barrel TOB Module Assembly and Testing Project All 5208 modules of the CMS Tracker Outer Barrel were assembled and tested at two production sites in the US: the Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory and the University of California at Santa Barbara. The modules were delivered to CERN in the form of rods, with the last shipment taking

39

Cathodoluminescence of Cd4SiS6?, Cd4SiSe6?, and Si-Doped CdS, CdSe, and CdTe Crystals  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

CdS, CdSe, and CdTe single crystals were vapor-phase-doped with the corresponding silicon chalcogenides under nearly...4SiS6and Cd4SiSe6crystals were measured. Metastable, sphalerite CdS?Si? and CdSe?Si? films we...

I. N. Odin; M. V. Chukichev; V. A. Ivanov; M. E. Rubina

2001-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

CD54AC04, CD74AC04 HEX INVERTERS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

°C to 125°C SOIC M Tube CD74AC04M AC04M­55°C to 125°C SOIC ­ M Tape and reel CD74AC04M96 AC04M CDIP-maximum-rated conditions for extended periods may affect device reliability. NOTES: 1. The input and output voltage ratings may be exceeded if the input and output current ratings are observed. 2. The package thermal impedance

Kretchmar, R. Matthew

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "module sion cd" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Chlorine-doped CdS thin films from CdCl2-mixed CdS powder  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The CdS:Cl thin films have been prepared using thermally evaporated, CdCl2-mixed CdS powder at 200C substrate temperature. The percentage of CdCl2 in the mixture varied from 0% to 0.20%. The electrical propertie...

Husam H. Abu-Safe; Marouf Hossain; Hameed Naseem

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Analysis of the Junction Properties of CdS/CdTe Devices in Substrate and Superstrate Configurations  

SciTech Connect

The best efficiency of CdS/CdTe devices fabricated in the substrate configuration reported to date is about 8%, which is about half the 17.3% reported for the conventional superstrate configuration. The performance of substrate devices is affected by lower open-circuit voltage (Voc), about 700 mV, and low fill factor (FF), which indicates that these devices are primarily limited by non-ideal junction properties and possibly by the ohmic contact to CdTe. In our study of the junction properties of superstrate devices, we show that lower-Voc devices (< 720 mV) with SnO2/CdTe and CdS/CdTe structures are true heterojunction devices. High charged defect density at the heterointerfaces is present in the depletion region and contributes to the dark current density, thereby reducing Voc. On the other hand, for higher-performance devices with Voc > 800 mV, the junction is between an n-type, Te-rich CdSTe alloy with a bandgap of 1.45 eV and p-type CdTe with a bandgap of 1.5 eV. Because the crystal structure of both the Te-rich alloy and the CdTe is cubic zinc blende, and the lattice mismatch between the two is minimal, the device in this case can be considered a quasi-homojunction. These higher-Voc devices are therefore affected less by the high charged defect density at the hetero-interface, which lies outside of the depletion region. We present analysis of the junction properties of our recent and improved substrate-configuration devices with Voc well in excess of 800 mV, FF approaching 60%, and efficiencies around 10%. We also compare devices fabricated in both the substrate and superstrate configurations and with comparable Voc in the range of 700 to more than 800 mV. Photoluminescence (PL) and temperature-dependent PL, current density-voltage and quantum efficiency analysis, and modulated reflectance measurements are used to study device properties.

Dhere, R. G.; Duenow, J. N.; DeHart, C. M.; Li, J. V.; Kuciauskas, D.; Young, M. R.; Alberi, K.; Mascarenhas, A.; Gessert, T. A.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Recent CD-ROM Software  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A modern inheritor of the classic AO Manual of Osteosynthesis..., this work reconciles an exhaustive approach to traumatology with modern learning methods made up by the video media on CD-ROM.

Pierre Kehr

2003-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

REVIEW OF OPTICAL APPLICATIONS OF CdTe Mobil Tyco Solar Energy Corporation 16 Hickory Drive  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

REVIEW OF OPTICAL APPLICATIONS OF CdTe R. O. BELL Mobil Tyco Solar Energy Corporation 16 Hickory of optical applications. These include electrooptic modulation, high power laser windows, electroluminescence will be paid to the various optical absorption mechanisms and the effects of impurities on the optical behavior

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

45

CdS/CdTe Solar Cells Containing Directly-Deposited CdSxTe1-x Alloy Layers  

SciTech Connect

A CdS{sub x}Te{sub 1-x} layer forms by interdiffusion of CdS and CdTe during the fabrication of thin-film CdTe photovoltaic (PV) devices. The CdS{sub x}Te{sub 1-x} layer is thought to be important because it relieves strain at the CdS/CdTe interface that would otherwise exist due to the 10% lattice mismatch between these two materials. Our previous work [1] has indicated that the electrical junction is located in this interdiffused CdS{sub x}Te{sub 1-x} region. Further understanding, however, is essential to predict the role of this CdS{sub x}Te{sub 1-x} layer in the operation of CdS/CdTe devices. In this study, CdS{sub x}Te{sub 1-x} alloy films were deposited by radio-frequency (RF) magnetron sputtering and co-evaporation from CdTe and CdS sources. Both RF-magnetron-sputtered and co-evaporated CdS{sub x}Te{sub 1-x} films of lower S content (x<;0.3) have a cubic zincblende (ZB) structure akin to CdTe, whereas those of higher S content have a hexagonal wurtzite (WZ) structure like that of CdS. Films become less preferentially oriented as a result of a CdCl{sub 2} heat treatment (HT) at {approx}400 C for 5 min. Films sputtered in a 1% O{sub 2}/Ar ambient are amorphous as deposited, but show CdTe ZB, CdS WZ, and CdTe oxide phases after a CdCl{sub 2} HT. Films sputtered in O{sub 2} partial pressure have a much wider bandgap than expected. This may be explained by nanocrystalline size effects seen previously [2] for sputtered oxygenated CdS (CdS:O) films. Initial PV device results show that the introduction of a directly-deposited CdS{sub x}Te{sub 1-x} alloy layer into the device structure produces devices of comparable performance to those without the alloy layer when a CdCl{sub 2} HT is performed. Further investigation is required to determine whether the CdCl{sub 2} heat treatment step can be altered or eliminated through direct deposition of the alloy layer.

Duenow, J. N.; Dhere, R. G.; Moutinho, H. R.; To, B.; Pankow, J. W.; Kuciauskas, D.; Gessert, T. A.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

NREL study may provide future guidance in improving CdS/CdTe photovoltaic device performance.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

NREL study may provide future guidance in improving CdS/CdTe photovoltaic device performance. The majority of minority carrier lifetime (MCL) studies performed on CdS/CdTe photovoltaic (PV) devices have Carrier Lifetime Measurements in Superstrate and Substrate CdTe PV Devices." Proc. 37th IEEE Photovoltaic

47

Performance study of CdS/Co-Doped-CdSe quantum dot sensitized solar cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In order to optimize the charge transfer path in quantum dot sensitized solar cells (QDSCs), we employed successive ionic layer adsorption and reaction method to dope CdSe with Co for fabricating CdS/Co-doped-CdSe QDSCs constructed with CdS/Co-doped-CdSe ...

Xiaoping Zou, Sheng He, Gongqing Teng, Chuan Zhao

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Characterization of Field Exposed Thin Film Modules: Preprint  

SciTech Connect

Test arrays of thin film modules have been deployed at the Solar Energy Centre near New Delhi, India since 2002-2003. Performances of these arrays were reported by O.S. Sastry [1]. This paper reports on NREL efforts to support SEC by performing detailed characterization of selected modules from the array. Modules were selected to demonstrate both average and worst case power loss over the 8 years of outdoor exposure. The modules characterized included CdTe, CIS and three different types of a-Si. All but one of the a-Si types were glass-glass construction. None of the modules had edge seals. Detailed results of these tests are presented along with our conclusions about the causes of the power loss for each technology.

Wohlgemuth, J. H.; Sastry, O. S.; Stokes, A.; Singh, Y. K.; Kumar, M.

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

NERSC Modules Software Environment  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Environment » Modules Environment Environment » Modules Environment Modules Software Environment NERSC uses the module utility to manage nearly all software. There are two huge advantages of the module approach: NERSC can provide many different versions and/or installations of a single software package on a given machine, including a default version as well as several older and newer versions; and Users can easily switch to different versions or installations without having to explicitly specify different paths. With modules, the MANPATH and related environment variables are automatically managed. Users simply ``load'' and ``unload'' modules to control their environment. The module utility consists of two parts: the module command itself and the modulefiles on which it operates. Module Command

50

Modulational effects in accelerators  

SciTech Connect

We discuss effects of field modulations in accelerators, specifically those that can be used for operational beam diagnostics and beam halo control. In transverse beam dynamics, combined effects of nonlinear resonances and tune modulations influence diffusion rates with applied tune modulation has been demonstrated. In the longitudinal domain, applied RF phase and voltage modulations provide mechanisms for parasitic halo transport, useful in slow crystal extraction. Experimental experiences with transverse tune and RF modulations are also discussed.

Satogata, T.

1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Isoscalar multipole strength in Cd-110 and Cd-116  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Isoscalar multipole strength in 110Cd and 116Cd Y.-W. Lui, D. H. Youngblood, Y. Tokimoto, H. L. Clark, and B. John* Cyclotron Institute, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas 77843, USA (Received 6 October 2003; published 24 March 2004... chosen for the analysis. The dashed line below 10 MeV represents a contaminent peak present at some angles in the spectra taken with the spectrometer at 0?. This was subtracted before the multipole analysis was done. PHYSICAL REVIEW C 69, 034611 (2004...

Lui, YW; Youngblood, David H.; Tokimoto, Y.; Clark, HL; John, B.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

1. INTRODUCTION CdTe/CdS solar cells are among the most promising  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Te/CdS SOLAR CELLS A.Romeo, A.N. Tiwari, and H. Zogg Thin Films Physics Group, Institute of Quantum ElectronicsTe/CdS thin film solar cells. The merits of different TCOs and the properties of the CdTe/CdS solar cells1. INTRODUCTION CdTe/CdS solar cells are among the most promising devices for low cost and high

Romeo, Alessandro

53

A CD19/Fc fusion protein for detection of anti-CD19 chimeric antigen receptors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

buffer (Invitrogen, Carlsbad, CA. ). Protease inhibitorKit (Invitrogen, Carlsbad, CA. ) according to theactivator CD3/CD28 (Invitrogen, Carlsbad, CA) in RPMI medium

De Oliveira, Satiro N; Wang, Jiexin; Ryan, Christine; Morrison, Sherie L; Kohn, Donald B; Hollis, Roger P

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

A CD19/Fc fusion protein for detection of anti-CD19 chimeric antigen receptors.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

buffer (Invitrogen, Carlsbad, CA. ). Protease inhibitorKit (Invitrogen, Carlsbad, CA. ) according to theactivator CD3/CD28 (Invitrogen, Carlsbad, CA) in RPMI medium

De Oliveira, Satiro N; Wang, Jiexin; Ryan, Christine; Morrison, Sherie L; Kohn, Donald B; Hollis, Roger P

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Apparatus and processes for the mass production of photovotaic modules  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An apparatus and processes for large scale inline manufacturing of CdTe photovoltaic modules in which all steps, including rapid substrate heating, deposition of CdS, deposition of CdTe, CdCl.sub.2 treatment, and ohmic contact formation, are performed within a single vacuum boundary at modest vacuum pressures. A p+ ohmic contact region is formed by subliming a metal salt onto the CdTe layer. A back electrode is formed by way of a low cost spray process, and module scribing is performed by means of abrasive blasting or mechanical brushing through a mask. The vacuum process apparatus facilitates selective heating of substrates and films, exposure of substrates and films to vapor with minimal vapor leakage, deposition of thin films onto a substrate, and stripping thin films from a substrate. A substrate transport apparatus permits the movement of substrates into and out of vacuum during the thin film deposition processes, while preventing the collection of coatings on the substrate transport apparatus itself.

Barth, Kurt L. (1205 W. Elizabeth #E164, Fort Collins, CO 80521); Enzenroth, Robert A. (112 Rutgers #203, Fort Collins, CO 80525); Sampath, Walajabad S. (1612 Faraday Cir., Fort Collins, CO 80525)

2002-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

56

Upconversion Luminescence of CdTe Nanoparticles. | EMSL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of CdTe Nanoparticles. Upconversion Luminescence of CdTe Nanoparticles. Abstract: Efficient upconversion luninescence is observed from CdTe nanoparticles in solution and...

57

module 4 | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

module 4 module 4 HR5 TRANSITION BRIEFING module 4 More Documents & Publications Microsoft Word - Rev5functionalaccountabilityimplementationplan..doc Management (WFP) DEPARTMENT OF...

58

Advanced silicon photonic modulators  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Various electrical and optical schemes used in Mach-Zehnder (MZ) silicon plasma dispersion effect modulators are explored. A rib waveguide reverse biased silicon diode modulator is designed, tested and found to operate at ...

Sorace, Cheryl M

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Modulating lignin in plants  

SciTech Connect

Materials and methods for modulating (e.g., increasing or decreasing) lignin content in plants are disclosed. For example, nucleic acids encoding lignin-modulating polypeptides are disclosed as well as methods for using such nucleic acids to generate transgenic plants having a modulated lignin content.

Apuya, Nestor; Bobzin, Steven Craig; Okamuro, Jack; Zhang, Ke

2013-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

60

Photocurrent Mapping of 3D CdSe/CdTe Windowless Solar Cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Photocurrent Mapping of 3D CdSe/CdTe Windowless Solar Cells ... back contact; CdSe; CdTe; photovoltaic; 3D solar cells; SPCM ... Scanning photocurrent microscopy (SPCM) has been used to evaluate the local performance of solar cells by scanning a finely focused optical beam across the surface while monitoring device response. ...

Carlos M. Hangarter; Ratan Debnath; Jong Y. Ha; Mehmet A. Sahiner; Christopher J. Reehil; William A. Manners; Daniel Josell

2013-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "module sion cd" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Sea Level CD-ROMs Introduction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sea Level CD-ROMs Introduction The Tropical Ocean Global Atmosphere (TOGA) Sea Level Center Service for Mean Sea Level. This CD-ROM contains the holdings of the WDC as of July 1994, which consists with the greatest concentration between 5 and 30 years, although a few sites have over 70 years. CD-ROM Contents

62

Characterization of the Specific CD4+ T Cell Response  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, involving both CD8+ cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) and CD4+ T-helper lymphocytes (HTLs), play an essential

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

63

High Efficiency CdTe/CdS Thin Film Solar Cells Prepared by Treating CdTe Films with a Freon Gas in Substitution of CdCl2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

High Efficiency CdTe/CdS Thin Film Solar Cells Prepared by Treating CdTe Films with a Freon Gas delle Scienze, 37/A-43010 Fontanini, Parma, Italy ABSTRACT: CdTe/CdS thin film solar cells have reached in the preparation of high efficiency CdTe/CdS solar cells is the activation treatment of CdTe film. Most research

Romeo, Alessandro

64

Thermoelectrics Partnership: Automotive Thermoelectric Modules...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Solution for Automotive Thermoelectric Modules Application Thermoelectrics Partnership: Automotive Thermoelectric Modules with Scalable Thermo- and Electro-Mechanical Interfaces...

65

HIGH EFFICIENCY CdTe/CdS THIN FILM SOLAR CELLS WITH A NOVEL BACK-CONTACT Nicola Romeoa  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

HIGH EFFICIENCY CdTe/CdS THIN FILM SOLAR CELLS WITH A NOVEL BACK-CONTACT Nicola Romeoa , Alessio in the fabrication of high efficiency CdTe/CdS thin film solar cells. Usually, it is done first by etching the Cd: Back Contact, CdTe, Thin Film 1 INTRODUCTION The back contact in the CdTe/CdS thin film solar cell

Romeo, Alessandro

66

COMPARISON OF TRAP STATES BETWEEN CIGSS/CdS/ZnO AND Cd PE CIGSS/ZnO CELLS P.K. Johnson, A.O. Pudov, J.R. Sites  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

cost. The best photovoltaic junctions are produced when a thin CdS layer is deposited by chemical commercial photovoltaic modules. We use current-voltage, quantum efficiency, capacitance Defects - 3 1. INTRODUCTION Polycrystalline CIGS thin film photovoltaic cells are known for their high

Sites, James R.

67

Doping of CdS nanoparticles  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The doping of semiconductor nanoparticles is introduced and examined via doping of cadmium sulfide nanoparticles both by chemical bath deposition route with In3+ cations and by thermal annealing route with Cl? anions. The CdS nanoparticles (1020nm in size) were prepared by mixing CdCl2 and Na2S solutions stabilized with pyridine both in absence and in presence of InCl3 additives. The doping of the nanostructured CdS films prepared from CdS nanoparticles dispersions was performed by additives of aqueous CdCl2 solution followed by the film annealing. Due to the used doping procedure the increase of the film conductivity began at temperature ?300C, which was far lower than temperature inducing the doping of polycrystalline CdS films and not yet enough for the noticeable recrystallization of CdS nanoparticles into larger domains. The In2S3 and CdCl2 doping of CdS nanoparticles resulted in changes in electronic absorption and luminescence spectra of the nanoparticle dispersions and films. The phenomenon of the easier doping of CdS nanoparticles is discussed in terms of the high surface energy of CdS nanoparticles.

N.M. Osipyonok; A.F. Singaevsky; Yu.V. Noskov; Yu.P. Piryatinski; P.S. Smertenko; O.P. Dimitriev; A.A. Pud

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Module Handbook Specialisation Photovoltaics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

solar cell Real solar cells Silicon solar cells: crystalline, multicrystalline, amorphous Cells: CdTe and CIGS technologies. Organic solar cells. Part 2: Fabrication Methods Crystal defects Theory Fabrication methods Solar cell properties Cell research and pilot productions facilities

Habel, Annegret

69

Semitransparent ultrathin CdTe solar cells Semitransparent ultrathin CdTe solar cells and durabilityand durability  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Semitransparent ultrathin CdTe solar cells Semitransparent ultrathin CdTe solar cells core technology is built around · sputter deposition · CdS/CdTe cell structure · Extensive IPTe cellsultrathin CdTe cells X26 stateoftheart compared with other CdTe deposition: [X26 technology has been

Rollins, Andrew M.

70

Electricity Market Module  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Market Module Market Module This page inTenTionally lefT blank 101 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook 2013 Electricity Market Module The NEMS Electricity Market Module (EMM) represents the capacity planning, dispatching, and pricing of electricity. It is composed of four submodules-electricity capacity planning, electricity fuel dispatching, electricity load and demand, and electricity finance and pricing. It includes nonutility capacity and generation, and electricity transmission and trade. A detailed description of the EMM is provided in the EIA publication, Electricity Market Module of the National Energy Modeling System 2013, DOE/EIA-M068(2013). Based on fuel prices and electricity demands provided by the other modules of the NEMS, the EMM determines the most

71

Cavity enhanced terahertz modulation  

SciTech Connect

We present a versatile concept for all optical terahertz (THz) amplitude modulators based on a Fabry-Prot semiconductor cavity design. Employing the high reflectivity of two parallel meta-surfaces allows for trapping selected THz photons within the cavity and thus only a weak optical modulation of the semiconductor absorbance is required to significantly damp the field within the cavity. The optical switching yields to modulation depths of more than 90% with insertion efficiencies of 80%.

Born, N., E-mail: norman.born@physik.uni-marburg.de [College of Optical Sciences, University of Arizona, 1630 E University Boulevard, Tucson, Arizona 85721 (United States); Faculty of Physics and Material Sciences Center, Philipps-Universitt Marburg, Renthof 5, 35032 Marburg (Germany); Scheller, M.; Moloney, J. V. [College of Optical Sciences, University of Arizona, 1630 E University Boulevard, Tucson, Arizona 85721 (United States)] [College of Optical Sciences, University of Arizona, 1630 E University Boulevard, Tucson, Arizona 85721 (United States); Koch, M. [Faculty of Physics and Material Sciences Center, Philipps-Universitt Marburg, Renthof 5, 35032 Marburg (Germany)] [Faculty of Physics and Material Sciences Center, Philipps-Universitt Marburg, Renthof 5, 35032 Marburg (Germany)

2014-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

72

Detailed Course Module Description  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Course Module Description Course Module Description Module/Learning Objectives Level of Detail in Module by Audience Consumers Gen Ed/ Community College Trades 1. Energy Issues and Building Solutions High High High Learning Objectives: * Define terms of building science, ecological systems, economics of consumption * Relate building science perspective, ecology, social science * Explain historical energy and environmental issues related to buildings * Compare Site and source energy * Examine the health, safety and comfort issues in buildings * Examine the general context for building solutions (zero energy green home with durability as the goal) * Explain a basic overview of alternative energy (total solar flux) - do we have enough energy * Examine cash flow to homeowners

73

Bracket for photovoltaic modules  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Brackets for photovoltaic ("PV") modules are described. In one embodiment, a saddle bracket has a mounting surface to support one or more PV modules over a tube, a gusset coupled to the mounting surface, and a mounting feature coupled to the gusset to couple to the tube. The gusset can have a first leg and a second leg extending at an angle relative to the mounting surface. Saddle brackets can be coupled to a torque tube at predetermined locations. PV modules can be coupled to the saddle brackets. The mounting feature can be coupled to the first gusset and configured to stand the one or more PV modules off the tube.

Ciasulli, John; Jones, Jason

2014-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

74

Integrated LED Headlamp Module  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

LED headlamp module integrates all necessary optics, electronics, and heat management into one compact unit that fits into standard mechanical headlamp frame. It provides high beam,...

Popelek, Jan

75

Module title Marketing Management Module code INT3602  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Module title Marketing Management Module code INT3602 Academic year(s) 2013/4 Credits 15 Basic - summary of the module content Module description This module will introduce new marketing students to the fascinating world of modern marketing in an innovative and comprehensive yet practical and enjoyable way

Mumby, Peter J.

76

CD  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

at electric power plants; enclosed structures that are not buildings, such as oil tanks, statues, and monuments; and dilapidated or incompleted buildings missing a roof or a...

77

CD  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

on historical data during a period that did not include the typical processing of high-heat backlog waste. This did not allow normal evaporator operation in F-Tank Farm because...

78

Final Design RM  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Final Design Review Module Final Design Review Module March 2010 CD-0 [This Rev Design Re O 0 view Module w eview of the OR OFFICE OF C CD-1 was used to dev R U 233 Dispo F ENVIRO Standard R Fin Rev Critical Decis CD-2 M velop the Revie osition Project ONMENTAL Review Plan al Design view Module sion (CD) Ap CD March 2010 ew Plan for 90% in 2009. Lesso Module.] L MANAGE n (SRP) n e pplicability D-3 % Design Revi ons learned hav EMENT CD-4 iew of SWPF i ve been incorpo Post Ope in 2008 and for orated in the R eration r 60% Review Standard Review Plan, 2 nd Edition, March 2010 i FOREWORD The Standard Review Plan (SRP) 1 provides a consistent, predictable corporate review framework to ensure that issues and risks that could challenge the success of Office of Environmental Management (EM) projects are identified early and addressed proactively.

79

Integrated Project Team RM  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Integrated Project Team (IPT) Review Module Integrated Project Team (IPT) Review Module March 2010 CD-0 This R O 0 Review Modul OFFICE OF Inte C CD-1 le was piloted F ENVIRO Standard R grated P Rev Critical Decis CD-2 M at the OR U 23 incorporated ONMENTAL Review Plan Project Te view Module sion (CD) Ap CD March 2010 33 Disposition in the Review L MANAGE n (SRP) eam (IPT e pplicability D-3 Project in 200 Module. EMENT T) CD-4 09. Lessons lea Post Ope arned have been eration n Standard Review Plan, 2 nd Edition, March 2010 i FOREWORD The Standard Review Plan (SRP) 1 provides a consistent, predictable corporate review framework to ensure that issues and risks that could challenge the success of Office of Environmental Management (EM) projects are identified early and addressed proactively. The internal EM

80

Working with Modules within Python  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Working with Modules within Perl and Python Working with Modules within Perl and Python Working with Modules within Perl and Python It can often be convenient to work with the modules system from within perl or python scripts. You can do this! Using Modules within Python The EnvironmentModules python package gives access to the module system from within python. The EnvironmentModules python package has a single function: module. Using this function you can provide the same arguments you would to "module" on the command line. The module() function accepts a list of arguments, like ['load','']; or ['unload','']. >>> import EnvironmentModules as EnvMod >>> EnvMod.module(['load','blast+']) It is important to understand that this is most effective for scripts

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "module sion cd" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Recycling of CdTe photovoltaic waste  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for extracting and reclaiming metals from scrap CdTe photovoltaic cells and manufacturing waste by leaching the waste with a leaching solution comprising nitric acid and water, skimming any plastic material from the top of the leaching solution, separating the glass substrate from the liquid leachate and electrolyzing the leachate to separate Cd from Te, wherein the Te is deposits onto a cathode while the Cd remains in solution.

Goozner, Robert E. (Charlotte, NC); Long, Mark O. (Charlotte, NC); Drinkard, Jr., William F. (Charlotte, NC)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

indirect LFV Stephan Lammel, Fermilab CD  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, Fermilab CD Lepton-Photon 2005 Uppsala, June 30th Search for Higgs and New Phenomena at Colliders / #12;Lepton-Photon 2005 Stephan Lammel, Fermilab CD 2005-Jun-30, page 2/28 · Large variety of excellent-Photon 2005 Stephan Lammel, Fermilab CD 2005-Jun-30, page 3/28 Precision EWK/Top and Higgs CDF/D0 mtop went

Fermilab

83

"El Torito" Bootable CD-ROM Format  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

"El Torito" Bootable CD-ROM Format Specification Version 1.0 January 25, 1995 Curtis E. Stevens WITHOUT CHARGE FOR USE IN DEVELOPING COMPUTER SYSTEMS AND CD-ROM DRIVES. THE DEVELOPERS OF THIS DOCUMENT.0 THE INT 13 ACCESSIBLE IMAGE 14 4.0 INT 13 AND CD-ROMS 14 4.1 INT 13 Function 08 14 4.2 INT 13 Function 48

Gummadi, Ramakrishna

84

A Study of CdS and Ag doped CdS Prepared through CBD Technique  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A novel and simple CBD Technique has been utilized to synthesize CdS and Ag doped CdS nanoparticles and thin film with an average particle size of 7nm, characterized by X-RD,...

Chandel, Shubham

85

p-CdTe/n-CdS photovoltaic cells in the substrate configuration.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??In this thesis, p-CdTe/n-CdS solar cells in the substrate configuration have been studied. The focus is on device fabrication, performance optimization, and the development of (more)

Wu, Hsiang Ning (1984 - )

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Stability Issues in Sputtered CdS/CdTe Solar Cells.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? Magnetron sputtering is a well-established thin-film deposition technique which is particularly well-suited for sub-micron layers. We use this method to deposit ultra-thin CdS/CdTe layers (more)

Paudel, Naba Raj

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Si, CdTe and CdZnTe radiation detectors for imaging applications.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The structure and operation of CdTe, CdZnTe and Si pixel detectors based on crystalline semiconductors, bump bonding and CMOS technology and developed mainly at Oy (more)

Schulman, Tom

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Aqueous Synthesis of Zinc Blende CdTe/CdS Magic-Core/Thick-Shell...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

CdTeCdS Magic-CoreThick-Shell Tetrahedral Shaped Nanocrystals with Emission Tunable to Near-Infrared Authors: Deng, Z., Schulz, O., Lin, S., Ding, B., Liu, X., Wei, X., Ros, R.,...

89

CdS and CdS/CdSe sensitized ZnO nanorod array solar cells prepared by a solution ions exchange process  

SciTech Connect

Graphical abstract: - Highlights: CdS and CdS/CdSe quantum dots are assembled on ZnO nanorods by ion exchange process. The CdS/CdSe sensitization of ZnO effectively extends the absorption spectrum. The performance of ZnO/CdS/CdSe cell is improved by extending absorption spectrum. - Abstract: In this paper, cadmium sulfide (CdS) and cadmium sulfide/cadmium selenide (CdS/CdSe) quantum dots (QDs) are assembled onto ZnO nanorod arrays by a solution ion exchange process for QD-sensitized solar cell application. The morphology, composition and absorption properties of different photoanodes were characterized with scanning electron microscope, transmission electron microscope, energy-dispersive X-ray spectrum and Raman spectrum in detail. It is shown that conformal and uniform CdS and CdS/CdSe shells can grow on ZnO nanorod cores. Quantum dot sensitized solar cells based on ZnO/CdS and ZnO/CdS/CdSe nanocable arrays were assembled with gold counter electrode and polysulfide electrolyte solution. The CdS/CdSe sensitization of ZnO can effectively extend the absorption spectrum up to 650 nm, which has a remarkable impact on the performance of a photovoltaic device by extending the absorption spectrum. Preliminary results show one fourth improvement in solar cell efficiency.

Chen, Ling; Gong, Haibo; Zheng, Xiaopeng; Zhu, Min; Zhang, Jun [Key Laboratory of Inorganic Functional Materials in Universities of Shandong, School of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Jinan, Jinan 250022, Shandong (China); Yang, Shikuan [Department of Engineering Science and Mechanics, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802-6812 (United States); Cao, Bingqiang, E-mail: mse_caobq@ujn.edu.cn [Key Laboratory of Inorganic Functional Materials in Universities of Shandong, School of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Jinan, Jinan 250022, Shandong (China)

2013-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

90

Membrane module assembly  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A membrane module assembly is described which is adapted to provide a flow path for the incoming feed stream that forces it into prolonged heat-exchanging contact with a heating or cooling mechanism. Membrane separation processes employing the module assembly are also disclosed. The assembly is particularly useful for gas separation or pervaporation. 2 figures.

Kaschemekat, J.

1994-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

91

Industrial Demand Module  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2 2 Industrial Demand Module The NEMS Industrial Demand Module estimates energy consumption by energy source (fuels and feedstocks) for 15 manufacturing and 6 non-manufacturing industries. The manufacturing industries are further subdivided into the energy- intensive manufacturing industries and non-energy-intensive manufacturing industries (Table 6.1). The manufacturing industries are modeled through the use of a detailed process-flow or end-use accounting procedure, whereas the non- manufacturing industries are modeled with substantially less detail. The petroleum refining industry is not included in the Industrial Demand Module, as it is simulated separately in the Petroleum Market Module of NEMS. The Industrial Demand Module calculates energy consumption for the four Census Regions (see Figure 5) and disaggregates the energy consumption

92

International Energy Module  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

he International Energy Module determines changes in the world oil price and the supply prices of crude he International Energy Module determines changes in the world oil price and the supply prices of crude oils and petroleum products for import to the United States in response to changes in U.S. import requirements. A market clearing method is used to determine the price at which worldwide demand for oil is equal to the worldwide supply. The module determines new values for oil production and demand for regions outside the United States, along with a new world oil price that balances supply and demand in the international oil market. A detailed description of the International Energy Module is provided in the EIA publication, Model Documentation Report: The International Energy Module of the National Energy Modeling System, DOE/EIA-M071(06), (Washington, DC, February 2006).

93

Industrial Demand Module  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

This page intentionally left blank This page intentionally left blank 51 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook 2011 Industrial Demand Module The NEMS Industrial Demand Module estimates energy consumption by energy source (fuels and feedstocks) for 15 manufacturing and 6 non-manufacturing industries. The manufacturing industries are further subdivided into the energy- intensive manufacturing industries and nonenergy-intensive manufacturing industries (Table 6.1). The manufacturing industries are modeled through the use of a detailed process-flow or end-use accounting procedure, whereas the non- manufacturing industries are modeled with substantially less detail. The petroleum refining industry is not included in the Industrial Module, as it is simulated separately in the Petroleum Market Module of NEMS. The Industrial Module calculates

94

Photovoltaic module and interlocked stack of photovoltaic modules  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

One embodiment relates to an arrangement of photovoltaic modules configured for transportation. The arrangement includes a plurality of photovoltaic modules, each photovoltaic module including a frame. A plurality of individual male alignment features and a plurality of individual female alignment features are included on each frame. Adjacent photovoltaic modules are interlocked by multiple individual male alignment features on a first module of the adjacent photovoltaic modules fitting into and being surrounded by corresponding individual female alignment features on a second module of the adjacent photovoltaic modules. Other embodiments, features and aspects are also disclosed.

Wares, Brian S.

2014-09-02T23:59:59.000Z

95

n-3 PUFA and Curcumin Modulate the Resolution of Murine Intestinal Inflammtion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, and macrophage cell numbers in the colon. The ability of n-3 PUFA to favorably modulate the resolution of intestinal inflammation in fat-1 mice was linked to an enhancement (P < 0.05) in the percentage of colonic lamina propria (cLP) CD4 FoxP3 cells and a...

Jia, Qian 1980-

2011-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

96

1. INTRODUCTION CdTe/CdS is one of the most promising solar cell for low  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with CdTe grown by close space sublimation, electrodeposition, spray pyrolysis, vacuum evaporation and RF conversion of CdTe layers, as well as for the intermixing of CdS-CdTe. An optimum annealing condition is required for the formation of an appropriate CdTe1-x-Sx intermixed interface. It is desirable to separately

Romeo, Alessandro

97

Module bay with directed flow  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A module bay requires less cleanroom airflow. A shaped gas inlet passage can allow cleanroom air into the module bay with flow velocity preferentially directed toward contaminant rich portions of a processing module in the module bay. Preferential gas flow direction can more efficiently purge contaminants from appropriate portions of the module bay, allowing a reduced cleanroom air flow rate for contaminant removal. A shelf extending from an air inlet slit in one wall of a module bay can direct air flowing therethrough toward contaminant-rich portions of the module bay, such as a junction between a lid and base of a processing module.

Torczynski, John R. (Albuquerque, NM)

2001-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

98

Optical Modulation of Molecular Conductance  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Optical Modulation of Molecular Conductance Authors: Battacharyya, S., Kibel, A., Kodis, G., Liddell, P. A., Gervaldo, M., Gust, D., and Lindsay, S. Title: Optical Modulation of...

99

The UNEP project CD4CDM Sustainable  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The UNEP project CD4CDM CDM Sustainable Development Impacts #12;1 CDM Sustainable Development Impacts developed for the UNEP project `CD4CDM' The project is funded by the Netherlands Ministry Impacts UNEP Risø Centre on Energy, Climate and Sustainable Development Risø National Laboratory Roskilde

100

Commercial Demand Module  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2 2 Commercial Demand Module The NEMS Commercial Sector Demand Module generates projections of commercial sector energy demand through 2035. The definition of the commercial sector is consistent with EIA's State Energy Data System (SEDS). That is, the commercial sector includes business establishments that are not engaged in transportation or in manufacturing or other types of industrial activity (e.g., agriculture, mining or construction). The bulk of commercial sector energy is consumed within buildings; however, street lights, pumps, bridges, and public services are also included if the establishment operating them is considered commercial. Since most of commercial energy consumption occurs in buildings, the commercial module relies on the data from the EIA

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "module sion cd" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Sonication standard laboratory module  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A standard laboratory module for automatically producing a solution of cominants from a soil sample. A sonication tip agitates a solution containing the soil sample in a beaker while a stepper motor rotates the sample. An aspirator tube, connected to a vacuum, draws the upper layer of solution from the beaker through a filter and into another beaker. This beaker can thereafter be removed for analysis of the solution. The standard laboratory module encloses an embedded controller providing process control, status feedback information and maintenance procedures for the equipment and operations within the standard laboratory module.

Beugelsdijk, Tony (Los Alamos, NM); Hollen, Robert M. (Los Alamos, NM); Erkkila, Tracy H. (Los Alamos, NM); Bronisz, Lawrence E. (Los Alamos, NM); Roybal, Jeffrey E. (Santa Fe, NM); Clark, Michael Leon (Menan, ID)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Module Title: Project Module Code: OPTO6005  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ibsen, Dr Ping Hua, Prof James Wilkinson Contact (email ID) sm@orc.soton.ac.uk, mi@orc.soton.ac.uk, ph2@orc.soton.ac.uk, jsw@orc.soton.ac.uk Is the module subject to external accreditation? No If yes and optical labs of the ORC 3. Train in technical and hands-on research skills to gain technical insight

Anderson, Jim

103

RESTRICTED MODULES AND CONJECTURES FOR MODULES OF CONSTANT JORDAN TYPE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

RESTRICTED MODULES AND CONJECTURES FOR MODULES OF CONSTANT JORDAN TYPE SEMRA ¨OZT¨URK KAPTANO GLU give a method to construct new restricted k[E]-modules of constant Jordan type from k[E]-modules of constant Jordan type and use it to realize several Jordan types. The constraints on the Jordan type

Kaptanoglu, Semra Ozturk

104

RESTRICTED MODULES AND CONJECTURES FOR MODULES OF CONSTANT JORDAN TYPE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

RESTRICTED MODULES AND CONJECTURES FOR MODULES OF CONSTANT JORDAN TYPE SEMRA ¨OZT¨URK KAPTANO GLU Abstract. We introduce the class of restricted k[A]-modules and pt-Jordan types for a finite abelian p on Jordan types for modules of constant Jordan type when t is 1. We state conjectures giving constraints

Kaptanoglu, Semra Ozturk

105

Procedures in Modules (1) Including all procedures within modules  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Procedures in Modules (1) Including all procedures within modules works very well in almost all designing these if possible #12;Procedures in Modules (2) These are very much like internal procedures Works very well in almost all programs Everything accessible in the module can also be used in the procedure

106

Electricity Market Module  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

This page inTenTionally lefT blank 91 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook 2012 Electricity Market Module The NEMS Electricity Market Module (EMM) represents the capacity planning, dispatching, and pricing of electricity. It is composed of four submodules-electricity capacity planning, electricity fuel dispatching, electricity load and demand, and electricity finance and pricing. It includes nonutility capacity and generation, and electricity transmission and trade. A detailed description of the EMM is provided in the EIA publication, Electricity Market Module of the National Energy Modeling System 2012, DOE/EIA-M068(2012). Based on fuel prices and electricity demands provided by the other modules of the NEMS, the EMM determines the most

107

Liquid Fuels Market Module  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Liquid Fuels Market Module Liquid Fuels Market Module This page inTenTionally lefT blank 145 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook 2013 Liquid Fuels Market Module The NEMS Liquid Fuels Market Module (LFMM) projects petroleum product prices and sources of supply for meeting petroleum product demand. The sources of supply include crude oil (both domestic and imported), petroleum product imports, unfinished oil imports, other refinery inputs (including alcohols, ethers, esters, corn, biomass, and coal), natural gas plant liquids production, and refinery processing gain. In addition, the LFMM projects capacity expansion and fuel consumption at domestic refineries. The LFMM contains a linear programming (LP) representation of U.S. petroleum refining

108

Residential Demand Module  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2 2 Residential Demand Module The NEMS Residential Demand Module projects future residential sector energy requirements based on projections of the number of households and the stock, efficiency, and intensity of energy-consuming equipment. The Residential Demand Module projections begin with a base year estimate of the housing stock, the types and numbers of energy-consuming appliances servicing the stock, and the "unit energy consumption" (UEC) by appliance (in million Btu per household per year). The projection process adds new housing units to the stock, determines the equipment installed in new units, retires existing housing units, and retires and replaces appliances. The primary exogenous drivers for the module are housing starts by type

109

Electricity Market Module  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

This page intentionally left blank This page intentionally left blank 95 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook 2011 Electricity Market Module The NEMS Electricity Market Module (EMM) represents the capacity planning, dispatching, and pricing of electricity. It is composed of four submodules-electricity capacity planning, electricity fuel dispatching, electricity load and demand, and electricity finance and pricing. It includes nonutility capacity and generation, and electricity transmission and trade. A detailed description of the EMM is provided in the EIA publication, Electricity Market Module of the National Energy Modeling System 2011, DOE/EIA-M068(2011). Based on fuel prices and electricity demands provided by the other modules of the NEMS, the EMM determines the most

110

Digital optical conversion module  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A digital optical conversion module used to convert an analog signal to a computer compatible digital signal including a voltage-to-frequency converter, frequency offset response circuitry, and an electrical-to-optical converter. Also used in conjunction with the digital optical conversion module is an optical link and an interface at the computer for converting the optical signal back to an electrical signal. Suitable for use in hostile environments having high levels of electromagnetic interference, the conversion module retains high resolution of the analog signal while eliminating the potential for errors due to noise and interference. The module can be used to link analog output scientific equipment such as an electrometer used with a mass spectrometer to a computer.

Kotter, Dale K. (North Shelley, ID); Rankin, Richard A. (Ammon, ID)

1991-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

111

Digital optical conversion module  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A digital optical conversion module used to convert an analog signal to a computer compatible digital signal including a voltage-to-frequency converter, frequency offset response circuitry, and an electrical-to-optical converter. Also used in conjunction with the digital optical conversion module is an optical link and an interface at the computer for converting the optical signal back to an electrical signal. Suitable for use in hostile environments having high levels of electromagnetic interference, the conversion module retains high resolution of the analog signal while eliminating the potential for errors due to noise and interference. The module can be used to link analog output scientific equipment such as an electrometer used with a mass spectrometer to a computer. 2 figs.

Kotter, D.K.; Rankin, R.A.

1988-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

112

Absorbance modulation optical lithography  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this thesis, the concept of absorbance-modulation optical lithography (AMOL) is described, and the feasibility experimentally verified. AMOL is an implementation of nodal lithography, which is not bounded by the diffraction ...

Tsai, Hsin-Yu Sidney

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Renewable Fuels Module This  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Fuels Module Fuels Module This page inTenTionally lefT blank 175 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook 2013 Renewable Fuels Module The NEMS Renewable Fuels Module (RFM) provides natural resources supply and technology input information for projections of new central-station U.S. electricity generating capacity using renewable energy resources. The RFM has seven submodules representing various renewable energy sources: biomass, geothermal, conventional hydroelectricity, landfill gas, solar thermal, solar photovoltaics, and wind [1]. Some renewables, such as landfill gas (LFG) from municipal solid waste (MSW) and other biomass materials, are fuels in the conventional sense of the word, while others, such as water, wind, and solar radiation, are energy sources that do not involve

114

Investigation of Junction Properties of CdS/CdTe Solar Cells and their Correlation to Device Properties (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect

The objective of the Junction Studies are: (1) understand the nature of the junction in the CdTe/CdS device; (2) correlate the device fabrication parameters to the junction formation; and (3) develop a self consistent device model to explain the device properties. Detailed analysis of CdS/CdTe and SnO{sub 2}/CdTe devices prepared using CSS CdTe is discussed.

Dhere, R. G.; Zhang, Y.; Romero, M. J.; Asher, S. E.; Young, M.; To, B.; Noufi, R.; Gessert, T. A.

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Junction Evolution During Fabrication of CdS/CdTe Thin-film PV Solar Cells (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect

Discussion of the formation of CdTe thin-film PV junctions and optimization of CdTe thin-film PV solar cells.

Gessert, T. A.

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Recycling of CdTe photovoltaic waste  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for extracting and reclaiming metals from scrap CdTe photovoltaic cells and manufacturing waste by leaching the metals in dilute nitric acid, leaching the waste with a leaching solution comprising nitric acid and water, skimming any plastic material from the top of the leaching solution, separating the glass substrate from the liquid leachate, adding a calcium containing base to the leachate to precipitate Cd and Te, separating the precipitated Cd and Te from the leachate, and recovering the calcium-containing base.

Goozner, Robert E. (Charlotte, NC); Long, Mark O. (Charlotte, NC); Drinkard, Jr., William F. (Charlotte, NC)

1999-04-27T23:59:59.000Z

117

Nonlocal Modulation of Entangled Photons  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider ramifications of the use of high speed light modulators to questions of correlation and measurement of time-energy entangled photons. Using phase modulators, we find that temporal modulation of one photon of an entangled pair, as measured by correlation in the frequency domain, may be negated or enhanced by modulation of the second photon. Using amplitude modulators we describe a Fourier technique for measurement of biphoton wave functions with slow detectors.

S. E. Harris

2008-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

118

CdCl{sub 2} treatment related diffusion phenomena in Cd{sub 1?x}Zn{sub x}S/CdTe solar cells  

SciTech Connect

Utilisation of wide bandgap Cd{sub 1?x}Zn{sub x}S alloys as an alternative to the CdS window layer is an attractive route to enhance the performance of CdTe thin film solar cells. For successful implementation, however, it is vital to control the composition and properties of Cd{sub 1?x}Zn{sub x}S through device fabrication processes involving the relatively high-temperature CdTe deposition and CdCl{sub 2} activation steps. In this study, cross-sectional scanning transmission electron microscopy and depth profiling methods were employed to investigate chemical and structural changes in CdTe/Cd{sub 1?x}Zn{sub x}S/CdS superstrate device structures deposited on an ITO/boro-aluminosilicate substrate. Comparison of three devices in different states of completionfully processed (CdCl{sub 2} activated), annealed only (without CdCl{sub 2} activation), and a control (without CdCl{sub 2} activation or anneal)revealed cation diffusion phenomena within the window layer, their effects closely coupled to the CdCl{sub 2} treatment. As a result, the initial Cd{sub 1?x}Zn{sub x}S/CdS bilayer structure was observed to unify into a single Cd{sub 1?x}Zn{sub x}S layer with an increased Cd/Zn atomic ratio; these changes defining the properties and performance of the Cd{sub 1?x}Zn{sub x}S/CdTe device.

Kartopu, G., E-mail: giray.kartopu@glyndwr.ac.uk; Clayton, A. J.; Barrioz, V.; Lamb, D. A.; Irvine, S. J. C. [Centre for Solar Energy Research (CSER), Glynd?r University, OpTIC, St. Asaph Business Park, St. Asaph LL17 0JD (United Kingdom); Taylor, A. A. [Physics Department, Durham University, Durham DH1 3LE (United Kingdom)

2014-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

119

CdSe Nanorods Dominate Photocurrent of Hybrid CdSe?P3HT Photovoltaic Cell  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

CdSe Nanorods Dominate Photocurrent of Hybrid CdSe?P3HT Photovoltaic Cell ... A portion of the work was performed in the Univeristy Of California, Santa Barbara, Nanofabrication Facility, a part of the National Science Foundation funded National Nanofabrication Infrastructure Network (NNIN). ... The UV-visible light absorption and emission behavior of MEH-PPV/CdS hybrids was investigated and their potential to be used as photovoltaic cells was demonstrated. ...

Martin Schierhorn; Shannon W. Boettcher; Jeffrey H. Peet; Elison Matioli; Guillermo C. Bazan; Galen D. Stucky; Martin Moskovits

2010-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

120

Gamma-ray cascade transitions from resonant neutron capture in Cd-111 and Cd-113  

SciTech Connect

A neutron-capture experiment on {sup nat}Cd has been carried out at DANCE. Multiple-fold coincidence {gamma}-ray spectra have been collected from J=0, 1 resonances in {sup 111}Cd and {sup 113}Cd. The cascades ending at the ground state can be described by the SLO model while the cascades ending at the 2+ states are better reproduced by the mixed SLO+KMF model.

Rusev, Gencho Y. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-08-27T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "module sion cd" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

CD54AC08, CD74AC08 QUADRUPLE 2-INPUT POSITIVE-AND GATES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SOIC M Tube CD74AC08M AC08M­55°C to 125°C SOIC ­ M Tape and reel CD74AC08M96 AC08M CDIP ­ F Tube CD54AC-maximum-rated conditions for extended periods may affect device reliability. NOTES: 1. The input and output voltage ratings may be exceeded if the input and output current ratings are observed. 2. The package thermal impedance

Kretchmar, R. Matthew

122

CD54AC02, CD74AC02 QUADRUPLE 2-INPUT POSITIVE-NOR GATES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to 125°C SOIC ­ M Tape and reel CD74AC02M96 AC02M CDIP ­ F Tube CD54AC02F3A CD54AC02F3A Package drawings-maximum-rated conditions for extended periods may affect device reliability. NOTES: 1. The input and output voltage ratings may be exceeded if the input and output current ratings are observed. 2. The package thermal impedance

Kretchmar, R. Matthew

123

CD54AC32, CD74AC32 QUADRUPLE 2-INPUT POSITIVE-OR GATES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Tape and reel CD74AC32M96 AC32M CDIP ­ F Tube CD54AC32F3A CD54AC32F3A Package drawings, standard-maximum-rated conditions for extended periods may affect device reliability. NOTES: 1. The input and output voltage ratings may be exceeded if the input and output current ratings are observed. 2. The package thermal impedance

Kretchmar, R. Matthew

124

CD54ACT00, CD74ACT00 QUADRUPLE 2-INPUT POSITIVE-NAND GATES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CD74ACT00E 55°C to 125°C SOIC M Tube CD74ACT00M ACT00M­55°C to 125°C SOIC ­ M Tape and reel CD74ACT00-maximum-rated conditions for extended periods may affect device reliability. NOTES: 1. The input and output voltage ratings may be exceeded if the input and output current ratings are observed. 2. The package thermal impedance

Kretchmar, R. Matthew

125

Making holograms an educational CD-ROM  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Columbia Career Center High School SPIE Chapter has created an educational CD-ROM to teach holography to students on the threshold of a career path in Optics and Photonics....

John, Pearl V; Poch, Elaine; Rowden, Paul

126

Approved Module Information for ME2011, 2014/5 Module Title/Name: Thermodynamics and Fluids Module Code: ME2011  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Approved Module Information for ME2011, 2014/5 Module Title/Name: Thermodynamics and Fluids Module Code: ME2011 School: Engineering and Applied Science Module Type: Standard Module New Module? No Module in which available: BEng/MEng Mechanical Engineering. BEng/MEng Electromechanical Engineering. Available

Neirotti, Juan Pablo

127

Commercial Demand Module  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

4 4 The commercial module forecasts consumption by fuel 15 at the Census division level using prices from the NEMS energy supply modules, and macroeconomic variables from the NEMS Macroeconomic Activity Module (MAM), as well as external data sources (technology characterizations, for example). Energy demands are forecast for ten end-use services 16 for eleven building categories 17 in each of the nine Census divisions (see Figure 5). The model begins by developing forecasts of floorspace for the 99 building category and Census division combinations. Next, the ten end-use service demands required for the projected floorspace are developed. The electricity generation and water and space heating supplied by distributed generation and combined heat and power technologies are projected. Technologies are then

128

Macroeconomic Activity Module  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

This page intentionally left blank This page intentionally left blank 19 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook2011 Macroeconomic Activity Module The Macroeconomic Activity Module (MAM) represents the interaction between the U.S. economy as a whole and energy markets. The rate of growth of the economy, measured by the growth in gross domestic product (GDP) is a key determinant of the growth in demand for energy. Associated economic factors, such as interest rates and disposable income, strongly influence various elements of the supply and demand for energy. At the same time, reactions to energy markets by the aggregate economy, such as a slowdown in economic growth resulting from increasing energy prices, are also reflected in this module.

129

Coal Market Module This  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

51 51 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook 2012 Coal Market Module The NEMS Coal Market Module (CMM) provides projections of U.S. coal production, consumption, exports, imports, distribution, and prices. The CMM comprises three functional areas: coal production, coal distribution, and coal exports. A detailed description of the CMM is provided in the EIA publication, Coal Market Module of the National Energy Modeling System 2012, DOE/EIA-M060(2012) (Washington, DC, 2012). Key assumptions Coal production The coal production submodule of the CMM generates a different set of supply curves for the CMM for each year of the projection. Forty-one separate supply curves are developed for each of 14 supply regions, nine coal types (unique combinations

130

Industrial Demand Module  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

The NEMS Industrial Demand Module estimates energy consumption by energy source (fuels and The NEMS Industrial Demand Module estimates energy consumption by energy source (fuels and feedstocks) for 12 manufacturing and 6 nonmanufacturing industries. The manufacturing industries are further subdivided into the energy-intensive manufacturing industries and nonenergy-intensive manufacturing industries. The manufacturing industries are modeled through the use of a detailed process flow or end use accounting procedure, whereas the nonmanufacturing industries are modeled with substantially less detail (Table 17). The Industrial Demand Module forecasts energy consumption at the four Census region level (see Figure 5); energy consumption at the Census Division level is estimated by allocating the Census region forecast using the SEDS 27 data.

131

Coal Market Module  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

page intentionally left blank page intentionally left blank 153 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook 2011 Coal Market Module The NEMS Coal Market Module (CMM) provides projections of U.S. coal production, consumption, exports, imports, distribution, and prices. The CMM comprises three functional areas: coal production, coal distribution, and coal exports. A detailed description of the CMM is provided in the EIA publication, Coal Market Module of the National Energy Modeling System 2011, DOE/EIA-M060(2011) (Washington, DC, 2011). Key assumptions Coal production The coal production submodule of the CMM generates a different set of supply curves for the CMM for each year of the projection. Forty-one separate supply curves are developed for each of 14 supply regions, nine coal types (unique combinations

132

Power module assembly  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A power module assembly of the type suitable for deployment in a vehicular power inverter, wherein the power inverter has a grounded chassis, is provided. The power module assembly comprises a conductive base layer electrically coupled to the chassis, an insulating layer disposed on the conductive base layer, a first conductive node disposed on the insulating layer, a second conductive node disposed on the insulating layer, wherein the first and second conductive nodes are electrically isolated from each other. The power module assembly also comprises a first capacitor having a first electrode electrically connected to the conductive base layer, and a second electrode electrically connected to the first conductive node, and further comprises a second capacitor having a first electrode electrically connected to the conductive base layer, and a second electrode electrically connected to the second conductive node.

Campbell, Jeremy B. (Torrance, CA); Newson, Steve (Redondo Beach, CA)

2011-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

133

Fabrication of ultra thin CdS/CdTe solar cells by magnetron sputtering.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? CdTe is a nearly perfect absorber material for second generation polycrystalline solar cells because the bandgap closely matches the peak of the solar spectrum, (more)

Plotnikov, Victor

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Mutation Research 594 (2006) 113119 Quantification of CD59-  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, which expresses several cell surface proteins including CD59 encoded by the CD59 gene at 11p13 either radiation or chemical treatment. After incubation with phycoerythrin-conjugated mouse monoclonal 11, which expresses several cell surface proteins including CD59 encoded by the CD59 gene at 11p13

135

Floatable solar heat modules  

SciTech Connect

A floating solar heat module for swimming pools comprises a solid surface for conducting heat from the sun's rays to the water and further includes a solid heat storage member for continual heating even during the night. A float is included to maintain the solar heat module on the surface of the pool. The solid heat storage medium is a rolled metal disk which is sandwiched between top and bottom heat conducting plates, the top plate receiving the heat of the sun's rays through a transparent top panel and the bottom plate transferring the heat conducted through the top plate and rolled disk to the water.

Ricks, J.W.

1981-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

136

COMPARISON OF CSS-CdTe AND PVD-CdTe WITH DIFFERENT ACTIVATION PROCESSES , G. Khrypunov2,4  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

University, Leicestershire, LE11 3TU, UK ABSTRACT: CdTe polycrystalline thin film solar cells have a strong AM1.5 illumination. Amongst several attractive features high chemical stability of CdTe and a simple simplification has been done by substituting the CdCl2 step by treating CdTe films in an atmosphere containing

Romeo, Alessandro

137

STRUCTURAL AND CHEMICAL STUDIES ON CdTe/CdS THIN FILM SOLAR CELLS WITH ANALYTICAL TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

STRUCTURAL AND CHEMICAL STUDIES ON CdTe/CdS THIN FILM SOLAR CELLS WITH ANALYTICAL TRANSMISSION, A. N. Tiwari Thin Film Physics Group, Laboratory for Solid State Physics, Technopark ETH-Building, Technoparkstr. 1, CH-8005 Zurich, Switzerland ABSTRACT: CdTe/CdS thin £lm solar cells have been grown by closed

Romeo, Alessandro

138

Reversible Modification of CdSe-CdS/ZnS Quantum Dot Fluorescence by Surrounding Ca2+  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Reversible Modification of CdSe-CdS/ZnS Quantum Dot Fluorescence by Surrounding Ca2+ Ions Li Li (3-MPA) coated CdSe-CdS/ZnS core-multishell QDs when free Ca2+ ions were added to and subsequently removed from the QD solution. It was found that QD fluorescence intensity was reduced when Ca2+ ions were

Haviland, David

139

CD-ROM Design Notes By Kenneth I. Takahashi  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Chapter CD CD-ROM Design Notes By Kenneth I. Takahashi in U.S. Geological Survey Digital Data Go to Table of Contents #12;CD-1 INTRODUCTION This set of four CD-ROM's documents the U.S. Geological that have the potential to be added to reserves in the 30 years from 1995 to 2025. This report spans four CD-ROM

Laughlin, Robert B.

140

Metastable Electrical Characteristics of Polycrystalline Thin-Film Photovoltaic Modules upon Exposure and Stabilization: Preprint  

SciTech Connect

The significant features of a series of stabilization experiments conducted at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) between May 2009 and the present are reported. These experiments evaluated a procedure to stabilize the measured performance of thin-film polycrystalline cadmium telluride (CdTe) and copper indium gallium diselenide (CIGS) thin-film photovoltaic (PV) modules. The current-voltage (I-V) characteristics of CdTe and CIGS thin-film PV devices and modules exhibit transitory changes in electrical performance after thermal exposure in the dark and/or bias and light exposures. We present the results of our case studies of module performance versus exposure: light-soaked at 65 degrees C; exposed in the dark under forward bias at 65 degrees C; and, finally, longer-term outdoor exposure. We find that stabilization can be achieved to varying degrees using either light-soaking or dark bias methods and that the existing IEC 61646 light-soaking interval may be appropriate for CdTe and CIGS modules with one caveat: it is likely that at least three exposure intervals are required for stabilization.

Deline, C. A.; del Cueto, J. A.; Albin, D. S.; Rummel, S. R.

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "module sion cd" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Readiness Review RM  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Readiness Review Module Readiness Review Module March 2010 CD-0 O 0 OFFICE OF C CD-1 F ENVIRO Standard R Readin Rev Critical Decis CD-2 M ONMENTAL Review Plan ness Rev view Module sion (CD) Ap CD March 2010 L MANAGE n (SRP) view e pplicability D-3 EMENT CD-4 Post Ope eration Standard Review Plan, 2 nd Edition, March 2010 i FOREWORD The Standard Review Plan (SRP) 1 provides a consistent, predictable corporate review framework to ensure that issues and risks that could challenge the success of Office of Environmental Management (EM) projects are identified early and addressed proactively. The internal EM project review process encompasses key milestones established by DOE O 413.3A, Change 1, Program and Project Management for the Acquisition of Capital Assets, DOE-STD-

142

Preliminary Safety Design RM  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Preliminary Safety Design Review Module Preliminary Safety Design Review Module March 2010 CD-0 O 0 OFFICE OF Pr C CD-1 F ENVIRO Standard R reliminar Rev Critical Decis CD-2 M ONMENTAL Review Plan ry Safety view Module sion (CD) Ap CD March 2010 L MANAGE n (SRP) y Design e pplicability D-3 EMENT CD-4 Post Ope eration Standard Review Plan, 2 nd Edition, March 2010 i FOREWORD The Standard Review Plan (SRP) 1 provides a consistent, predictable corporate review framework to ensure that issues and risks that could challenge the success of Office of Environmental Management (EM) projects are identified early and addressed proactively. The internal EM project review process encompasses key milestones established by DOE O 413.3A, Change 1, Program and Project Management for the Acquisition of Capital Assets, DOE-STD-1189-2008,

143

Facility Disposition Safety Strategy RM  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Facility Disposition Safety Strategy Review Module Facility Disposition Safety Strategy Review Module March 2010 CD-0 O 0 OFFICE OF Facilit C CD-1 F ENVIRO Standard R ty Dispos Rev Critical Decis CD-2 M ONMENTAL Review Plan sition Saf view Module sion (CD) Ap CD March 2010 L MANAGE n (SRP) fety Strat e pplicability D-3 EMENT tegy CD-4 Post Ope eration Standard Review Plan, 2 nd Edition, March 2010 i FOREWORD The Standard Review Plan (SRP) 1 provides a consistent, predictable corporate review framework to ensure that issues and risks that could challenge the success of Office of Environmental Management (EM) projects are identified early and addressed proactively. The internal EM project review process encompasses key milestones established by DOE O 413.3A, Change 1, Program and Project Management for the Acquisition of Capital Assets, DOE-STD-1189-2008,

144

Earned Value Management System RM  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Earned Value Management System Review Module Earned Value Management System Review Module March 2010 CD-0 O Ea 0 OFFICE OF arned Va C CD-1 F ENVIRO Standard R alue Man Rev Critical Decis CD-2 M ONMENTAL Review Plan agement view Module sion (CD) Ap CD March 2010 L MANAGE n (SRP) t System e pplicability D-3 EMENT (EVMS) CD-4 Post Ope eration Standard Review Plan, 2 nd Edition, March 2010 i FOREWORD The Standard Review Plan (SRP) 1 provides a consistent, predictable corporate review framework to ensure that issues and risks that could challenge the success of Office of Environmental Management (EM) projects are identified early and addressed proactively. The internal EM project review process encompasses key milestones established by DOE O 413.3A, Change 1, Program and Project Management for the Acquisition of Capital Assets, DOE-STD-1189-2008,

145

Conceptual Safety Design RM  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Conceptual Safety Design Review Module Conceptual Safety Design Review Module March 2010 CD-0 O 0 OFFICE OF C C CD-1 F ENVIRO Standard R Conceptua Rev Critical Decis CD-2 M ONMENTAL Review Plan al Safety view Module sion (CD) Ap CD March 2010 L MANAGE n (SRP) y Design e pplicability D-3 EMENT CD-4 Post Ope eration Standard Review Plan, 2 nd Edition, March 2010 i FOREWORD The Standard Review Plan (SRP) 1 provides a consistent, predictable corporate review framework to ensure that issues and risks that could challenge the success of Office of Environmental Management (EM) projects are identified early and addressed proactively. The internal EM project review process encompasses key milestones established by DOE O 413.3A, Change 1, Program and Project Management for the Acquisition of Capital

146

Conceptual Design RM  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Conceptual Design Review Module Conceptual Design Review Module March 2010 CD-0 O 0 OFFICE OF C CD-1 F ENVIRO Standard R Concep Rev Critical Decis CD-2 M ONMENTAL Review Plan ptual De view Module sion (CD) Ap CD March 2010 L MANAGE n (SRP) sign e pplicability D-3 EMENT CD-4 Post Ope eration Standard Review Plan, 2 nd Edition, March 2010 i FOREWORD The Standard Review Plan (SRP) 1 provides a consistent, predictable corporate review framework to ensure that issues and risks that could challenge the success of Office of Environmental Management (EM) projects are identified early and addressed proactively. The internal EM project review process encompasses key milestones established by DOE O 413.3A, Change 1, Program and Project Management for the Acquisition of Capital Assets, DOE-STD-1189-2008,

147

Acquisition Strategy RM  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Acquisition Strategy Review Module Acquisition Strategy Review Module March 2010 CD-0 O 0 OFFICE OF C CD-1 F ENVIRO Standard R Acquisi Rev Critical Decis CD-2 M ONMENTAL Review Plan ition Stra view Module sion (CD) Ap CD March 2010 L MANAGE n (SRP) ategy e pplicability D-3 EMENT CD-4 Post Ope eration Standard Review Plan, 2 nd Edition, March 2010 i FOREWORD The Standard Review Plan (SRP) 1 provides a consistent, predictable corporate review framework to ensure that issues and risks that could challenge the success of Office of Environmental Management (EM) projects are identified early and addressed proactively. The internal EM project review process encompasses key milestones established by DOE O 413.3A, Change 1, Program and Project Management for the Acquisition of Capital Assets,

148

Project Execution Plan RM  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Project Execution Plan (PEP) Review Module Project Execution Plan (PEP) Review Module March 2010 CD-0 O 0 OFFICE OF P C CD-1 F ENVIRO Standard R Project E Rev Critical Decis CD-2 M ONMENTAL Review Plan Execution view Module sion (CD) Ap CD March 2010 L MANAGE n (SRP) n Plan e pplicability D-3 EMENT CD-4 Post Ope eration Standard Review Plan, 2 nd Edition, March 2010 i FOREWORD The Standard Review Plan (SRP) 1 provides a consistent, predictable corporate review framework to ensure that issues and risks that could challenge the success of Office of Environmental Management (EM) projects are identified early and addressed proactively. The internal EM project review process encompasses key milestones established by DOE O 413.3A, Change 1, Program and Project Management for the Acquisition of Capital Assets, DOE-STD-1189-2008,

149

Risk Management RM  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Risk Management Review Module Risk Management Review Module March 2010 CD-0 O 0 OFFICE OF C CD-1 F ENVIRO Standard R Risk M Rev Critical Decis CD-2 M ONMENTAL Review Plan Managem view Module sion (CD) Ap CD March 2010 L MANAGE (SRP) ment e pplicability D-3 EMENT CD-4 Post Ope eration Standard Review Plan, 2 nd Edition, March 2010 i FOREWORD The Standard Review Plan (SRP) 1 provides a consistent, predictable corporate review framework to ensure that issues and risks that could challenge the success of Office of Environmental Management (EM) projects are identified early and addressed proactively. The internal EM project review process encompasses key milestones established by DOE O 413.3A, Change 1, Program and Project Management for the Acquisition of Capital Assets, DOE-STD-1189-2008, Integration of Safety into the Design Process, and EM's internal

150

Prelminary Design RM  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Preliminary Design Review Module Preliminary Design Review Module March 2010 CD-0 O 0 OFFICE OF C CD-1 F ENVIRO Standard R Prelim Rev Critical Decis CD-2 M ONMENTAL Review Plan inary De view Module sion (CD) Ap CD March 2010 L MANAGE n (SRP) esign e pplicability D-3 EMENT CD-4 Post Ope eration Standard Review Plan, 2 nd Edition, March 2010 i FOREWORD The Standard Review Plan (SRP) 1 provides a consistent, predictable corporate review framework to ensure that issues and risks that could challenge the success of Office of Environmental Management (EM) projects are identified early and addressed proactively. The internal EM project review process encompasses key milestones established by DOE O 413.3A, Change 1, Program and Project Management for the Acquisition of Capital Assets, DOE-STD-1189-2008,

151

Investigation of CdS Nanowires and Planar Films for Enhanced Performance as Window Layers in CdS-CdTe Solar Cell Devices.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Cadmium sulfide (CdS) and cadmium telluride (CdTe) are two leading semiconductor materials used in the fabrication of thin film solar cells of relatively high power (more)

Chen, Jianhao

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

Femtosecond and coherent effects in bulk CdSe and CdSexS1-x doped glasses  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

researchers have produced crystallites of CdS, CdSe and CuCI, as small at 12 A in diameter, with relatively1711 Femtosecond and coherent effects in bulk CdSe and CdSexS1-x doped glasses N. Peyghambarian-1715 D?CEMBRE 1987, PAGE 1711 Classification Physics Abstracts 42.65 - 42.70G Glasses doped with Cd

Boyer, Edmond

153

Recrystallization in CdTe/CdS A. Romeo, D.L. Batzner, H. Zogg, A.N. Tiwari*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recrystallization in CdTe/CdS A. Romeo, D.L. Ba?tzner, H. Zogg, A.N. Tiwari* Thin Film Physics with HVE and CBD grown CdS window layers. q 2000 Elsevier Science S.A. All rights reserved. Keywords: Cd and to different deposition techniques of the window layer. Chemi- cal bath deposition (CBD) grown CdS is preferred

Romeo, Alessandro

154

CdTe AND CdTe : Hg ALLOYS CRYSTAL GROWTH USING STOICHIOMETRIC AND OFF-STOICHIOMETRIC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

123 CdTe AND CdTe : Hg ALLOYS CRYSTAL GROWTH USING STOICHIOMETRIC AND OFF-STOICHIOMETRIC ZONE.-Briand, 92190 Meudon/Bellevue, France Résumé. 2014 En vue de la croissance de cristaux de CdTe de haute cristaux semi-isolants Cd0, 9Hg0, 1Te. Abstract. 2014 Some aspects of the thermodynamic state of CdTe

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

155

Module Handbook Specialisation Biomass Energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Module Handbook Specialisation Biomass Energy 2nd Semester for the Master Programme REMA/EUREC Course 2008/2009 University of Zaragoza Specialisation Provider: Biomass Energy #12;Specialisation Biomass Energy, University of Zaragoza Modul: Introduction and Basic Concepts

Damm, Werner

156

The structure of cytomegalovirus immune modulator UL141 highlights structural Ig-fold versatility for receptor binding  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The crystal structure of Human cytomegalovirus immune modulator UL141 was solved at 3.25 ? resolution. Here, a detailed analysis of its intimate dimerization interface and the biophysical properties of its receptor (TRAIL-R2 and CD155) binding interactions are presented.

Nemcovicov?, I.

2014-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

157

Thermoelectrics Partnership: Automotive Thermoelectric Modules...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Partnership: Automotive Thermoelectric Modules with Scalable Thermo- and Electro-Mechanical Interfaces Novel Nanostructured Interface Solution for Automotive Thermoelectric...

158

International Energy Module  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

This page intentionally left blank This page intentionally left blank 23 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook 2011 International Energy Module The NEMS International Energy Module (IEM) simulates the interaction between U.S. and global petroleum markets. It uses assumptions of economic growth and expectations of future U.S. and world crude-like liquids production and consumption to estimate the effects of changes in U.S. liquid fuels markets on the international petroleum market. For each year of the forecast, the NEMS IEM computes world oil prices, provides a supply curve of world crude-like liquids, generates a worldwide oil supply- demand balance with regional detail, and computes quantities of crude oil and light and heavy petroleum products imported into

159

Commercial Demand Module  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

This page intentionally left blank This page intentionally left blank 39 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook 2011 Commercial Demand Module The NEMS Commercial Sector Demand Module generates projections of commercial sector energy demand through 2035. The definition of the commercial sector is consistent with EIA's State Energy Data System (SEDS). That is, the commercial sector includes business establishments that are not engaged in transportation or in manufacturing or other types of industrial activity (e.g., agriculture, mining or construction). The bulk of commercial sector energy is consumed within buildings; however, street lights, pumps, bridges, and public services are also included if the establishment operating them is considered commercial.

160

Petroleum Market Module  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

This page intentionally left blank This page intentionally left blank 137 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook 2011 Petroleum Market Module The NEMS Petroleum Market Module (PMM) projects petroleum product prices and sources of supply for meeting petroleum product demand. The sources of supply include crude oil (both domestic and imported), petroleum product imports, unfinished oil imports, other refinery inputs (including alcohols, ethers, bioesters, corn, biomass, and coal), natural gas plant liquids production, and refinery processing gain. In addition, the PMM projects capacity expansion and fuel consumption at domestic refineries. The PMM contains a linear programming (LP) representation of U.S. refining activities in the five Petroleum Administration for

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "module sion cd" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Renewable Fuels Module  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

page intentionally left blank page intentionally left blank 167 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook 2011 Renewable Fuels Module The NEMS Renewable Fuels Module (RFM) provides natural resources supply and technology input information for projections of new central-station U.S. electricity generating capacity using renewable energy resources. The RFM has seven submodules representing various renewable energy sources: biomass, geothermal, conventional hydroelectricity, landfill gas, solar thermal, solar photovoltaics, and wind [1]. Some renewables, such as landfill gas (LFG) from municipal solid waste (MSW) and other biomass materials, are fuels in the conventional sense of the word, while others, such as water, wind, and solar radiation, are energy sources that do not involve the

162

Petroleum Market Module  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

This page inTenTionally lefT blank 135 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook 2012 Petroleum Market Module The NEMS Petroleum Market Module (PMM) projects petroleum product prices and sources of supply for meeting petroleum product demand. The sources of supply include crude oil (both domestic and imported), petroleum product imports, unfinished oil imports, other refinery inputs (including alcohols, ethers, esters, corn, biomass, and coal), natural gas plant liquids production, and refinery processing gain. In addition, the PMM projects capacity expansion and fuel consumption at domestic refineries. The PMM contains a linear programming (LP) representation of U.S. refining activities in the five Petroleum Administration for

163

Flywheel Energy Storage Module  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

kWh/100 kW kWh/100 kW Flywheel Energy Storage Module * 100KWh - 1/8 cost / KWh vs. current State of the Art * Bonded Magnetic Bearings on Rim ID * No Shaft / Hub (which limits surface speed) * Flexible Motor Magnets on Rim ID * Develop Touch-down System for Earthquake Flying Rim Eliminate Shaft and Hub Levitate on Passive Magnetic Bearings Increase Rim Tip Speed Larger Diameter Thinner Rim Stores More Energy 4 X increase in Stored Energy with only 60% Increase in Weight Development of a 100 kWh/100 kW Flywheel Energy Storage Module High Speed, Low Cost, Composite Ring with Bore-Mounted Magnetics Current State of the Art Flywheel Limitations of Existing Flywheel * 15 Minutes of storage * Limited to Frequency Regulation Application * Rim Speed (Stored Energy) Limited by Hub Strain and Shaft Dynamics

164

International Energy Module  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2 2 International Energy Module The NEMS International Energy Module (IEM) simulates the interaction between U.S. and global petroleum markets. It uses assumptions of economic growth and expectations of future U.S. and world crude-like liquids production and consumption to estimate the effects of changes in U.S. liquid fuels markets on the international petroleum market. For each year of the forecast, the NEMS IEM computes oil prices, provides a supply curve of world crude-like liquids, generates a worldwide oil supply- demand balance with regional detail, and computes quantities of crude oil and light and heavy petroleum products imported into the United States by export region. Changes in the oil price (WTI), which is defined as the price of light, low-sulfur crude oil delivered to Cushing, Oklahoma in

165

Detection of amplitude modulation, frequency modulation, and quasifrequency modulation by the budgerigar (Melopsittacus undulatus)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In budgerigars as in humans the detection of amplitude modulation (AM) remains relatively constant as modulation frequency increases while detection of frequency modulation(FM) improves. The point at which FM and AM are equal defines the critical modulation frequency (CMF). The CMF is approximately half the size of the critical band in humans because phase information is lost outside the critical band. At small modulation indices the power spectrum of FM is almost identical to the power spectrum of AM with the difference being the relative phase of the components. The power spectrum of quasifreqeuncy modulation (QFM) is exactly the same as AM even at high?modulation indices. In this experiment two budgerigars were trained by operant conditioning to detect AM FM and QFM at several modulation rates at three carrier frequencies. Budgerigars show nearly identical thresholds for detecting modulation in FM and QFM tones at low?modulation rates and similar thresholds for detecting modulation in FM AM and QFM tones at higher modulation rates. These results argue for an insensitivity to phase differences in budgerigars when they fall outside the frequency bandwidths of the auditory system. [Work supported by NIH Grant Nos. DC?00198 and MH?00982 to RJD.

Jian?Yu Lin; Robert J. Dooling

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Polymeric nanoparticle-mediated silencing of CD44 receptor in CD34+ acute myeloid leukemia cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The adhesion receptor CD44 plays an important role in the survival and retention of leukemic stem/progenitor cells (LSPC) within the bone marrow (BM) niche, as well as in the high relapse rates of acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Down-regulating CD44 could be clinically relevant not only for suppression of the deregulated function of LSPC but also in LSPC response to chemotherapeutic agents. Small interfering RNA (siRNA) delivery is a promising approach for AML treatment, and we recently reported effective siRNA delivery into difficult-to-transfect AML cell lines using lipid-substituted polyethylenimine/siRNA complexes (polymeric nanoparticles). In this study, we investigated polymeric nanoparticle-mediated silencing of CD44 in CD34+ LSPC cell models (leukemic KG-1 and KG-1a cell lines) as well as primary AML cells. Polymeric nanoparticle-mediated silencing decreased surface CD44 levels in KG-1, KG-1a and primary AML cells by up to 27%, 30% and 20% at day 3, respectively. Moreover, CD44 silencing resulted in induction of apoptosis in KG-1 cells, reduced adhesion of KG-1 and KG-1a cells to hyaluronic acid-coated cell culture plates and BM-MSC, and decreased adhesion of primary AML cells to BM-MSC. Our results suggest that polymeric nanoparticle-mediated silencing of CD44 might be a useful technique for inhibiting LSPC interactions with their microenvironment, thereby prohibiting leukemia progression or sensitizing LSPC to chemotherapy.

Hilal Gul-Uluda?; Juliana Valencia-Serna; Cezary Kucharski; Leah A. Marquez-Curtis; Xiaoyan Jiang; Loree Larratt; Anna Janowska-Wieczorek; Hasan Uluda?

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Quantification and Modeling of Tripartite CD2-, CD58FC Chimera (Alefacept)-, and CD16-mediated Cell Adhesion*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with human IgG1 Fc. Alefacept mediates adhesion by bridging CD2 on T cells to activating Fc receptors- dimensional and three-dimensional parameters can be deter- mined by data fitting. Alefacept competitively) portion is thought to link to immune effector mechanisms to destroy cancer cells and or over

Vale, Ronald D.

168

Processing module operating methods, processing modules, and communications systems  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A processing module operating method includes using a processing module physically connected to a wireless communications device, requesting that the wireless communications device retrieve encrypted code from a web site and receiving the encrypted code from the wireless communications device. The wireless communications device is unable to decrypt the encrypted code. The method further includes using the processing module, decrypting the encrypted code, executing the decrypted code, and preventing the wireless communications device from accessing the decrypted code. Another processing module operating method includes using a processing module physically connected to a host device, executing an application within the processing module, allowing the application to exchange user interaction data communicated using a user interface of the host device with the host device, and allowing the application to use the host device as a communications device for exchanging information with a remote device distinct from the host device.

McCown, Steven Harvey; Derr, Kurt W.; Moore, Troy

2014-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

169

observation at CDF Dmitry Litvintsev (Fermilab CD)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

b observation at CDF Dmitry Litvintsev (Fermilab CD) for CDF June 15, 2007 Special seminar #12 and plans q Conclusion June 15, 2007 Dmitry Litvintsev, Fermilab, CDF 2 #12;Introduction Happy to show, Fermilab, CDF 3 #12;Source of data: CDF II 3 ¡ ¡ ¢ £ ¤ total 2 ¢ ¡ ¢ £ ¤ on tape Analysis uses data

Quigg, Chris

170

CD-ROM Review: It's Physics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

CD-ROM REVIEWS (449) It's Physics Furry Elephant: Electricity Explained BOOK REVIEWS (450) What Are the Chances? Voodoo Deaths, Office Gossip and Other Adventures in Probability Dictionary of Mechanics: A handbook for teachers and students Intermediate 2 Physics PLACES TO VISIT (452) Spaceguard Centre WEB WATCH (455) Risk

171

THE DEFECT STRUCTURE OF CdTe (*) F. A. KRGER  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

THE DEFECT STRUCTURE OF CdTe (*) F. A. KR?GER David Packard Professor of Electrical Engineering haute résistivité. Abstract. 2014 Evidence concerning the defect structure of CdTe is reviewed

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

172

Wind Energy Resource Atlas of Armenia (CD-ROM)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Resource Atlas of Armenia (CD-ROM) http:www.nrel.govdocsfy03osti33877CD.zip (ZIP 31.9 MB) NRELCD-500-33877 July 2003 Instructions: The URL above links to a zipped archive...

173

Journal of Chemical Education on CD-ROM, 1998  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Journal of Chemical Education on CD-ROM, 1998 ... The Journal of Chemical Education on CD-ROM contains the text and graphics for all the articles, features, and reviews published in the Journal of Chemical Education. ...

1998-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Journal of Chemical Education on CD-ROM, 1999  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Journal of Chemical Education on CD-ROM, 1999 ... The Journal of Chemical Education on CD-ROM contains the text and graphics for all the articles, features, and reviews published in the Journal of Chemical Education. ...

1999-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

JCE Classroom Activities #150, on CD-ROM  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

JCE Classroom Activities #150, on CD-ROM ... JCE Classroom Activities #150 CD-ROM collects and categorizes the first 50 activities of the series, published in the Journal from September 1997 through January 2003. ...

Jon L. Holmes

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

1079 Adressen Zorginstellingen Verkrijgbaar Op Cd-Rom  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Adressen van zorginstellingen uit de database van ZorgGids Nederland zijn nu verkrijgbaar op twee cd-roms. Op de ene cd staan de NAWT-gegevens van 1.700 zorginstellingen in Nederland onderverdeeld per provincie.

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

PARS II Process Document Project Phasing (Multiple CD-2 from Single CD-1)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This document details the process by which projects that adopted Phasing approach (different phases of the same larger project are treated as separate sub-projects, resulting in multiple CD-2...

178

CdTe/CdS Thin Film Solar Cells Fabricated on Flexible Substrates.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Cadmium Telluride (CdTe) is a leading thin film photovoltaic (PV) material due to its near ideal bandgap of 1.45 eV and its high optical absorption (more)

Palekis, Vasilios

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Good and bad features of Ni-Cd cell designs  

SciTech Connect

Processes for spacecraft Ni-Cd cells are reviewed. Mechanical impregnation is compared against chemical and thermochemical impregnation.

Gross, S.

1996-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

The HtrA-Like Protease CD3284 Modulates Virulence of Clostridium difficile  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...sequence using the ProtParam tool ( http://web.expasy.org/protparam/ ). Protein...performed with a conserved-domain prediction web server ( http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih...and the signal peptide cleavage site web server SignalP4.1 ( http://www.cbs...

Dennis Bakker; Anthony M. Buckley; Anne de Jong; Vincent J. C. van Winden; Joost P. A. Verhoeks; Oscar P. Kuipers; Gillian R. Douce; Ed J. Kuijper; Wiep Klaas Smits; Jeroen Corver

2014-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "module sion cd" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

3-DIMENSIONAL COMPACT DISC (CD) MICROFLUIDIC PLATFORM Presented to the  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

3-DIMENSIONAL COMPACT DISC (CD) MICROFLUIDIC PLATFORM _______________ A Thesis Presented OF THE THESIS 3-Dimensional Compact Disc (CD) Microfluidic Platform by Nitin Edmund Harwood Master of Science in a compact disc (CD) microfluidics platform involving two or more layers. The traditional 2-Dimensional

Kassegne, Samuel Kinde

182

PRESENT LIMITATIONS OF CdTe DETECTORS IN NUCLEAR MEDICINE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

365 PRESENT LIMITATIONS OF CdTe DETECTORS IN NUCLEAR MEDICINE R. ALLEMAND, P. BOUTEILLER, M. LAVAL quality criteria, it is necessary to compare Cd-Te detectors results (or estimated characteristics) with other methods (i. e. 8cintillation cameras) in order to know the effective interest of Cd-Te in nuclear

Boyer, Edmond

183

General Chemistry Collection for Students on CD-ROM  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

General Chemistry Collection for Students on CD-ROM ... The JCE: Software General Chemistry Collection CD-ROM contains software intended for use by introductory level chemistry students. ... All of this popular, previously published, peer-reviewed software is now available on a single CD-ROM for convenient access by students. ...

1997-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

4 MARCH 2002, GSA TODAY CD-ROM Working Group*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

4 MARCH 2002, GSA TODAY CD-ROM Working Group* ABSTRACT An integration of new seismic reflec- tion, and to be the product of progressive evolu- tion of the lithosphere. INTRODUCTION The CD-ROM (Continental Dynamics tectonism. CD-ROM integrates a series of coordi- nated seismic experiments (Keller et al., 1999

Pazzaglia, Frank J.

185

Architettura degli elaboratori -A. Sperduti Memorizzazione ottica: CD-ROM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

i Architettura degli elaboratori - A. Sperduti Memorizzazione ottica: CD-ROM Concepiti Architettura degli elaboratori - A. Sperduti Velocità lettore CD-ROM Audio: singola velocità Velocità lineare può raggiungere Formato dati CD-ROM Modo 0=campo dati vuoto Modo 1=2048 byte dati+correzione errori

Sperduti, Alessandro

186

Performance of a Multiprocessor Multidisk CD-ROM Image Server  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Performance of a Multiprocessor Multidisk CD-ROM Image Server Rolf Muralt, Benoit A. Gennart and unlimited, inexpensive mass storage capacities through the use of removable CD-ROM medium. Reading uncompressed or lossless compressed image data striped across multi- ple CD-ROM disks yields sustained

Hersch, Roger D.

187

Ocean Current Drifter CD-ROMs File Naming Conventions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ocean Current Drifter CD-ROMs File Naming Conventions Surface Current · Data are located on disc 1 of which are located in the directory FLOATS on disc 1. In summary, the files included in this CD-ROM set on which that file resides.) #12;Technical questions regarding the CD-ROMs should be addressed to: National

188

E-Print Network 3.0 - anti-cd34 antibody functionalized Sample...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

cell Summary: , CA, USA), phycoerythrin (PE) conjugated anti-CD34 (BD- Phamingen, Palo Alto, CA, USA), anti-CD105... for the monoclonal antibodies against MSCs, CD166 and CD105,...

189

Mechanical and Electrical Properties of CdTe Tetrapods Studied by Atomic Force Microscopy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Electrical Properties of CdTe Tetrapods Studied by Atomicelectrical properties of CdTe tetrapod-shaped nanocrystalsIntroduction CdSe and CdTe nanocrystals possess interesting

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Mutational Analysis of the HIV-1 Tat Protein and its Role in Downregulating CD127 on CD8 T Cells .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??HIV Tat protein downregulates surface expression of the interleukin-7 receptor alpha-chain (CD127) on CD8 T cells resulting in impaired T cell proliferation and cytolytic capacity. (more)

Sugden, Scott M.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Hilbert von Neumann modules  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We introduce a way of regarding Hilbert von Neumann modules as spaces of operators between Hilbert space, not unlike [Skei], but in an apparently much simpler manner and involving far less machinery. We verify that our definition is equivalent to that of [Skei], by verifying the `Riesz lemma' or what is called `self-duality' in [Skei]. An advantage with our approach is that we can totally side-step the need to go through $C^*$-modules and avoid the two stages of completion - first in norm, then in the strong operator topology - involved in the former approach. We establish the analogue of the Stinespring dilation theorem for Hilbert von Neumann bimodules, and we develop our version of `internal tensor products' which we refer to as Connes fusion for obvious reasons. In our discussion of examples, we examine the bimodules arising from automorphisms of von Neumann algebras, verify that fusion of bimodules corresponds to composition of automorphisms in this case, and that the isomorphism class of such a bimodule...

Bikram, Panchugopal; Srinivasan, R; Sunder, V S

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Photovoltaic concentrator module improvements study  

SciTech Connect

This report presents results of a project to design and fabricate an improved photovoltaic concentrator module. Using previous work as a baseline, this study conducted analyses and testing to select major module components and design features. The lens parquet and concentrator solar cell were selected from the highest performing, available components. A single 185X point-focus module was fabricated by the project team and tested at Sandia. Major module characteristics include a 6 by 4 compression-molded acrylic lens parquet (0.737 m{sup 2} area), twenty-four 0.2 ohms-cm, FZ, p-Si solar cells (1.56 cm{sup 2} area) soldered to ceramic substrates and copper heat spreaders, and an aluminized steel housing with corrugated bottom. This project marked the first attempt to use prismatic covers on solar cells in a high-concentration, point-focus application. Cells with 15 percent metallization were obtained, but problems with the fabrication and placement of prismatic covers on these cells lead to the decision not to use covers in the prototype module. Cell assembly fabrication, module fabrication, and module optical design activities are presented here. Test results are also presented for bare cells, cell assemblies, and module. At operating conditions of 981 watts/m{sup 2} DNI and an estimated cell temperature of 65{degrees}C, the module demonstrated an efficiency of 13.9 percent prior to stressed environmental exposure. 12 refs., 56 figs., 7 tabs.

Levy, S.L.; Kerschen, K.A. (Black and Veatch, Kansas City, MO (United States)); Hutchison, G. (Solar Kinetics, Inc., Dallas, TX (United States)); Nowlan, M.J. (Spire Corp., Bedford, MA (United States))

1991-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Quality Assurance for Critical Decision Reviews RM  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Quality Assurance for Quality Assurance for Critical Decision Reviews Module March 2010 CD-0 O 0 OFFICE OF Q C CD-1 F ENVIRO Standard R Quality A Rev Critical Decis CD-2 M ONMENTAL Review Plan Assuranc view Module sion (CD) Ap CD March 2010 L MANAGE n (SRP) e (QA) e pplicability D-3 EMENT CD-4 Post Ope eration Standard Review Plan, 2 nd Edition, March 2010 i FOREWORD The Standard Review Plan (SRP) 1 provides a consistent, predictable corporate review framework to ensure that issues and risks that could challenge the success of Office of Environmental Management (EM) projects are identified early and addressed proactively. The internal EM project review process encompasses key milestones established by DOE O 413.3A, Change 1, Program and Project Management for the Acquisition of Capital Assets, DOE-STD-1189-2008,

194

Commissioning Plan RM  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Checkout, Testing, and Checkout, Testing, and Commissioning Plan Review Module March 2010 CD-0 O Ch 0 OFFICE OF heckout, T C CD-1 F ENVIRON Standard R Testing, a Revi Critical Decis CD-2 Ma NMENTAL Review Plan and Com iew Module sion (CD) Ap CD arch 2010 L MANAGE n (SRP) mmissioni e pplicability D-3 EMENT ing Plan CD-4 Post Ope eration Standard Review Plan, 2 nd Edition, March 2010 i FOREWORD The Standard Review Plan (SRP) 1 provides a consistent, predictable corporate review framework to ensure that issues and risks that could challenge the success of Office of Environmental Management (EM) projects are identified early and addressed proactively. The internal EM project review process encompasses key milestones established by DOE O 413.3A, Change 1, Program and Project Management for the Acquisition of Capital Assets, DOE-STD-1189-2008,

195

A study of the back contacts on CdTe/CdS solar cells D.L. Batznera  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Institute of Technology, Zu?rich, Technoparkstr. 1, 8005 Zu?rich, Switzerland b ANTEC GmbH, Industriestrasse 2-4, 65779 Kelkheim, Germany Abstract Conventional back contacts on CdTe/CdS solar cells layer thickness and stability issues have been studied. Different etchants not only clean the Cd

Romeo, Alessandro

196

Effects of copper doping on the electronic properties of CdS films sintered with CdCl2  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Chlorine- and copper-doped polycrystalline CdS films were prepared by coating a slurry which consisted of CdS, CdCl2, CuCl2...and propylene glycol on a glass substrate and sintering in a nitrogen atmosphere, to i...

J. T. Moon; H. B. Im

1988-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

ROLE OF COPPER IN THE PERFORMANCE OF CdS/CdTe SOLAR CELLS * , D. Albin2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

simulations to reproduce and explain some of the experimental results. Introduction The performance of CdTe Cucd in CdTe [1,2]. Cu can also migrate along grain boundaries toward the main junction. The standard with a relatively simpler one in which Cu metal of varying thickness is evaporated on Te-rich CdTe surfaces

Sites, James R.

198

Approved Module Information for ME2501, 2014/5 Module Title/Name: Design for Use Module Code: ME2501  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

process How to gather user data The role of creativity within engineering design. #12;Module Delivery2501 School: Engineering and Applied Science Module Type: Standard Module New Module? No Module Credits and Management. BSc Transport Product Design. BEng/MEng Mechanical Engineering. BEng/MEng Electromechanical

Neirotti, Juan Pablo

199

Anisotropy in CdSe quantum rods  

SciTech Connect

The size-dependent optical and electronic properties of semiconductor nanocrystals have drawn much attention in the past decade, and have been very well understood for spherical ones. The advent of the synthetic methods to make rod-like CdSe nanocrystals with wurtzite structure has offered us a new opportunity to study their properties as functions of their shape. This dissertation includes three main parts: synthesis of CdSe nanorods with tightly controlled widths and lengths, their optical and dielectric properties, and their large-scale assembly, all of which are either directly or indirectly caused by the uniaxial crystallographic structure of wurtzite CdSe. The hexagonal wurtzite structure is believed to be the primary reason for the growth of CdSe nanorods. It represents itself in the kinetic stabilization of the rod-like particles over the spherical ones in the presence of phosphonic acids. By varying the composition of the surfactant mixture used for synthesis we have achieved tight control of the widths and lengths of the nanorods. The synthesis of monodisperse CdSe nanorods enables us to systematically study their size-dependent properties. For example, room temperature single particle fluorescence spectroscopy has shown that nanorods emit linearly polarized photoluminescence. Theoretical calculations have shown that it is due to the crossing between the two highest occupied electronic levels with increasing aspect ratio. We also measured the permanent electric dipole moment of the nanorods with transient electric birefringence technique. Experimental results on nanorods with different sizes show that the dipole moment is linear to the particle volume, indicating that it originates from the non-centrosymmetric hexagonal lattice. The elongation of the nanocrystals also results in the anisotropic inter-particle interaction. One of the consequences is the formation of liquid crystalline phases when the nanorods are dispersed in solvent to a high enough concentration. The preparation of the stable liquid crystalline solution of CdSe nanorods is described, as well as the large-scale alignment of the nanorods by taking advantage of the long-range orientational correlation in the liquid crystals. In addition, we investigated the phase diagram of the nanorod solution, as a step toward understanding the possible role of the long-range attractive interaction between the nanorods in the formation of lyotropic liquid crystals.

Li, Liang-shi

2003-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Module Title: Metamaterials, Nanophotonics and Plasmonics Module Code: OPTO6004  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Module lecturers Dr Nicholas Papasimakis, Dr Eric Plum, Dr Vassili A Fedotov Contact (email ID) np3@orc.soton.ac.uk; erp@orc.soton.ac.uk; vaf@orc.soton.ac.uk Is the module subject to external accreditation? No If yes

Anderson, Jim

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "module sion cd" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Proposal for New Module Module Title: Photonic Materials  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Information Academic Unit responsible for the module ORC Core/Compulsory/Optional Compulsory Programme, Dr. S. M. Ganapathy, Dr. G. Brambilla Contact (email ID) acp@orc.soton.ac.uk; smg@orc.soton.ac.uk; gb2@orc.soton.ac.uk Will the module be subject to external accreditation? No If yes, by which body

Southampton, University of

202

Module title Human Resource Management Module code INT3604  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

working and the positive management of conflict and cultural difference Syllabus plan Syllabus planModule title Human Resource Management Module code INT3604 Academic year(s) 2013/4 Credits 15 Basic in the context of human resource management principles and practice as currently applied within organisations

Mumby, Peter J.

203

Module Code ST2004 Module Title Applying Probability: Introduction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

: Dekker, Kraaikamp, Lopuhaa, Meester: A Modern Introduction to Probability and Statistics, Springer,2005 Probability, 2nd ed, Cambridge, 2007 Swift, L: Mathematics and Statistics for Business, Management and FinanceModule Code ST2004 Module Title Applying Probability: Introduction Pre-requisites None ECTS 5

O'Mahony, Donal E.

204

files between "helped" and "unhelped" memory CD8 T cells to better understand  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

265 files between "helped" and "unhelped" memory CD8 T cells to better understand how memory CD8 the presence of CD4 help during "unhelped" memory CD8 T cell recall responses could not rem- edy their proliferative defects; and vice versa, the lack of CD4 help during "helped" memory CD8 T cell recall re- sponses

205

Observation of Nonlocal Modulation with Entangled Photons  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We demonstrate a new type of quantum mechanical correlation where phase modulators at distant locations, acting on the photons of an entangled pair, interfere to determine the apparent depth of modulation. When the modulators have the same phase, the modulation depth doubles; when oppositely phased, the modulators negate each other.

S. Sensarn; G. Y. Yin; S. E. Harris

2009-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

206

Global Soil Data on CD-ROM, Nov. 2000  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Available on CD-ROM Available on CD-ROM The ORNL DAAC now offers a CD-ROM with global soil data prepared by the Global Soil Data Task for the International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme (IGBP) Data and Information Services (DIS). The CD is entitled "Global Soil Data Products CD-ROM (IGBP-DIS)." The new CD includes the IGBP's SoilData System, which links the Global Pedon Database to the FAO/UNESCO Digital Soil Map of the World. The system allows users to generate maps and data sets for a range of original and derived soil parameters for any part of the world at soil depths and resolutions selected by the user. The CD also contains 1125 soil profiles that provide information about fundamental soil properties (e.g., depth, particle size distribution, bulk density, extractable nutrient composition) for soil classes based on FAO

207

Petroleum Market Module  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

other refinery inputs including alcohols, ethers, bioesters, other refinery inputs including alcohols, ethers, bioesters, natural gas plant liquids production, and refinery processing gain. In addition, the PMM estimates capacity expansion and fuel consumption of domestic refineries. The PMM contains a linear programming representation of U.S. refining activities in the five Petroleum Area Defense Districts (PADDs) (Figure 9). The model is created by aggregating individual refineries into one linear programmming representation for each PADD. This representation provides the marginal costs of production for a number of conventional and new petroleum products. In order to interact with other NEMS modules with different regional representations, certain PMM inputs and outputs are converted from PADD regions to other regional structures and vice versa. The linear programming results are used to determine

208

Electricity Market Module  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

6, DOE/EIA- 6, DOE/EIA- M068(2006). Based on fuel prices and electricity demands provided by the other modules of the NEMS, the EMM determines the most economical way to supply electricity, within environmental and operational constraints. There are assumptions about the operations of the electricity sector and the costs of various options in each of the EMM submodules. This section describes the model parameters and assumptions used in EMM. It includes a discussion of legislation and regulations that are incorporated in EMM as well as information about the climate change action plan. The various electricity and technology cases are also described. EMM Regions The supply regions used in EMM are based on the North American Electric Reliability Council regions and

209

Photovoltaic module mounting system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A solar array mounting system having unique installation, load distribution, and grounding features, and which is adaptable for mounting solar panels having no external frame. The solar array mounting system includes flexible, pedestal-style feet and structural links connected in a grid formation on the mounting surface. The photovoltaic modules are secured in place via the use of attachment clamps that grip the edge of the typically glass substrate. The panel mounting clamps are then held in place by tilt brackets and/or mid-link brackets that provide fixation for the clamps and align the solar panels at a tilt to the horizontal mounting surface. The tilt brackets are held in place atop the flexible feet and connected link members thus creating a complete mounting structure.

Miros, Robert H. J.; Mittan, Margaret Birmingham; Seery, Martin N; Holland, Rodney H

2012-09-18T23:59:59.000Z

210

Photovoltaic module mounting system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A solar array mounting system having unique installation, load distribution, and grounding features, and which is adaptable for mounting solar panels having no external frame. The solar array mounting system includes flexible, pedestal-style feet and structural links connected in a grid formation on the mounting surface. The photovoltaic modules are secured in place via the use of attachment clamps that grip the edge of the typically glass substrate. The panel mounting clamps are then held in place by tilt brackets and/or mid-link brackets that provide fixation for the clamps and align the solar panels at a tilt to the horizontal mounting surface. The tilt brackets are held in place atop the flexible feet and connected link members thus creating a complete mounting structure.

Miros, Robert H. J. (Fairfax, CA); Mittan, Margaret Birmingham (Oakland, CA); Seery, Martin N. (San Rafael, CA); Holland, Rodney H. (Novato, CA)

2012-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

211

Light modulating device  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

In a device for transmitting light, means for controlling the transmissivity of the device, including a ceramic, reversibly electrochromic, crystalline element having a highly reflective state when injected with electrons and charge compensating ions and a highly transmissive state when the electrons and ions are removed, the crystalline element being characterized as having a reflectivity of at least 50% in the reflective state and not greater than 10% in the transmissive state, and means for modulating the crystalline element between the reflective and transmissive states by injecting ions into the crystalline element in response to an applied electrical current of a first polarity and removing the ions in response to an applied electrical current of a second polarity.

Rauh, R. David (Newton, MA); Goldner, Ronald B. (Lexington, MA)

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

Light modulating device  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

In a device for transmitting light, means for controlling the transmissivity of the device, including a ceramic, reversibly electrochromic, crystalline element having a highly reflective state when injected with electrons and charge compensating ions and a highly transmissive state when the electrons and ions are removed, the crystalline element being characterized as having a reflectivity of at least 50% in the reflective state and not greater than 10% in the transmissive state, and means for modulating the crystalline element between the reflective and transmissive states by injecting ions into the crystalline element in response to an applied electrical current of a first polarity and removing the ions in response to an applied electrical current of a second polarity are disclosed. 1 fig.

Rauh, R.D.; Goldner, R.B.

1989-12-26T23:59:59.000Z

213

Copia da disco fisso dell'immagine Cd su Cd-Rom Una volta scaricato sul disco fisso il file in formato ISO necessario copiarlo su CD-Rom  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Copia da disco fisso dell'immagine Cd su Cd-Rom Una volta scaricato sul disco fisso il file in formato ISO è necessario copiarlo su CD-Rom mediante masterizzazione, operazione che si esegue con un

De Cindio, Fiorella

214

Argonne's SpEC Module  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Jason Harper, an electrical engineer in Argonne National Laboratory's EV-Smart Grid Interoperability Center, discusses his SpEC Module invention that will enable fast charging of electric vehicles in under 15 minutes. The module has been licensed to BTCPower.

Harper, Jason

2014-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

215

Hierarchical classification of modulation signals  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

features are extracted and used to classify 11 modulation signals plus white noise in a hierarchical fashion. The modulation signals include carrier wave (CW), AM, FM, SSB, FSK2, FSK4, PSK2, PSK4, OOK, QAM16, and QAM32. A hierarchy of classifiers...

Kim, Nam Jin

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

216

Oil and Gas Supply Module  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Oil and Gas Supply Module Oil and Gas Supply Module This page inTenTionally lefT blank 119 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook 2013 Oil and Gas Supply Module The NEMS Oil and Gas Supply Module (OGSM) constitutes a comprehensive framework with which to analyze crude oil and natural gas exploration and development on a regional basis (Figure 8). The OGSM is organized into 4 submodules: Onshore Lower 48 Oil and Gas Supply Submodule, Offshore Oil and Gas Supply Submodule, Oil Shale Supply Submodule[1], and Alaska Oil and Gas Supply Submodule. A detailed description of the OGSM is provided in the EIA publication, Model Documentation Report: The Oil and Gas Supply Module (OGSM), DOE/EIA-M063(2011), (Washington, DC, 2011). The OGSM provides

217

Luminescence Enhancement of CdTe Nanostructures in LaF3:Ce/CdTe Nanocomposites  

SciTech Connect

Radiation detection demands new scintillators with high quantum efficiency, high energy resolution and short luminescence lifetimes. Nanocomposites consisting of quantum dots and Ce3+ doped nanophosphors may be able to meet these requirements. Here we report the luminescence of LaF3:Ce/CdTe nanocomposites which were synthesized by a wet chemistry method. In LaF3:Ce/CdTe nanocomposites the CdTe quantum dots are converted into nanowires, while in LaF3/CdTe nanocomposites no such conversion is observed. The CdTe luminescence in LaF3:Ce/CdTe nanocomposites is enhanced about 5 times, while in LaF3/CdTe nanocomposites no enhancement was observed. Energy transfer, light-re-absorption and surface passivation are likely the reasons for the luminescence enhancement.

Yao, Mingzhen; Zhang, Xing; Ma, Lun; Chen, Wei; Joly, Alan G.; Huang, Jinsong; Wang, Qingwu

2010-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

218

Open-circuit voltage, fill factor, and efficiency of a CdS/CdTe solar cell  

SciTech Connect

The dependences of the open-circuit voltage, fill factor, and efficiency of the thin-film CdS/CdTe solar cell on the resistivity {rho} and carrier lifetime {tau} in the absorbing CdTe layer were studied. In the common case in which the uncompensated acceptor concentration and the electron lifetime in the CdTe layer are within 10{sup 15}-10{sup 16} cm{sup -3} and 10{sup -10}-10{sup -9} s, the calculation results correspond to the achieved efficiency of the best thin-film CdS/CdTe solar cells. It was shown that, by decreasing {rho} and increasing {tau} in the absorbing CdTe layer, the open-circuit voltage, fill factor, and efficiency can be substantially increased, with their values approaching the theoretical limit for such devices.

Kosyachenko, L. A., E-mail: lakos@chv.ukrpack.net; Grushko, E. V. [Yuriy Fedkovych Chernivtsi National University (Ukraine)

2010-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

219

Core-shell ITO/ZnO/CdS/CdTe nanowire solar cells  

SciTech Connect

Radial p-n junction nanowire (NW) solar cells with high densities of CdTe NWs coated with indium tin oxide (ITO)/ZnO/CdS triple shells were grown with excellent heterointerfaces. The optical reflectance of the devices was lower than for equivalent planar films by a factor of 100. The best efficiency for the NW solar cells was ??=?2.49%, with current transport being dominated by recombination, and the conversion efficiencies being limited by a back contact barrier (?{sub B}?=?0.52?eV) and low shunt resistances (R{sub SH}?

Williams, B. L.; Phillips, L.; Major, J. D.; Durose, K. [Stephenson Institute for Renewable Energy, University of Liverpool, Chadwick Building, Peach St., Liverpool L69 7ZF (United Kingdom); Taylor, A. A.; Mendis, B. G.; Bowen, L. [G. J. Russell Microscopy Facility, University of Durham, South Road, Durham DH1 3LE (United Kingdom)

2014-02-03T23:59:59.000Z

220

Integrated Module Heat Exchanger | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Module Heat Exchanger Integrated Module Heat Exchanger 2012 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "module sion cd" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Alternative Energy Sources - An Interdisciplinary Module for...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Alternative Energy Sources - An Interdisciplinary Module for Energy Education Alternative Energy Sources - An Interdisciplinary Module for Energy Education Below is information...

222

Relations between structural parameters and physical properties in CdTe and Cd0.96Zn0.04Te alloys  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

481 Relations between structural parameters and physical properties in CdTe and Cd0.96Zn0.04Te cristaux de CdTe et de Cd0,96Zn0,04Te, de densité de dislocations variant entre 5 x 104 et 6 x 105 cm-2. La and photoluminescence experiments were performed on several CdTe and Cd0.96Zn0.04Te crystals with dislocation density

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

223

Development of CdS/CdTe Tin Film Devices for St. Gobain Coated Glass: Cooperative Research and Development Final Report, CRADA Number CRD-08-317  

SciTech Connect

Research performed at NREL to produce CdS/CdTe devices on St. Gobain coated-glass material to establish a baseline CdS/CdTe device process and determine baseline device performance parameters on St. Gobain material. Performance of these baseline devices compared to similar devices produced by applying the established baseline CdS/CdTe process on alternative St. Gobain coated-glass materials.

Gessert, T.

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Photovoltaic solar concentrator module  

SciTech Connect

This invention consists of a planar photovoltaic concentrator module for producing an electrical signal from incident solar radiation which includes an electrically insulating housing having a front wall, an opposing back wall and a hollow interior. A solar cell having electrical terminals is positioned within the interior of the housing. A planar conductor is connected with a terminal of the solar cell of the same polarity. A lens forming the front wall of the housing is operable to direct solar radiation incident to the lens into the interior of the housing. A refractive optical element in contact with the solar cell and facing the lens receives the solar radiation directed into the interior of the housing by the lens and directs the solar radiation to the solar cell to cause the solar cell to generate an electrical signal. An electrically conductive planar member is positioned in the housing to rest on the housing back wall in supporting relation with the solar cell terminal of opposite polarity. The planar member is operable to dissipate heat radiated by the solar cell as the solar cell generates an electrical signal and further forms a solar cell conductor connected with the solar cell terminal to permit the electrical signal generated by the solar cell to be measured between the planar member and the conductor.

Chiang, C.J.

1991-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

225

Photovoltaic module with adhesion promoter  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Photovoltaic modules with adhesion promoters and methods for fabricating photovoltaic modules with adhesion promoters are described. A photovoltaic module includes a solar cell including a first surface and a second surface, the second surface including a plurality of interspaced back-side contacts. A first glass layer is coupled to the first surface by a first encapsulating layer. A second glass layer is coupled to the second surface by a second encapsulating layer. At least a portion of the second encapsulating layer is bonded directly to the plurality of interspaced back-side contacts by an adhesion promoter.

2013-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

226

Quantum modulation against electromagnetic interference  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Periodic signals in electrical and electronic equipment can cause interference in nearby devices. Randomized modulation of those signals spreads their energy through the frequency spectrum and can help to mitigate electromagnetic interference problems. The inherently random nature of quantum phenomena makes them a good control signal. I present a quantum modulation method based on the random statistics of quantum light. The paper describes pulse width modulation schemes where a Poissonian light source acts as a random control that spreads the energy of the potential interfering signals. I give an example application for switching-mode power supplies and comment the further possibilities of the method.

Juan Carlos Garcia-Escartin

2014-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

227

Spectroscopic Analysis of Impurity Precipitates in CdS Films  

SciTech Connect

Impurities in cadmium sulfide (CdS) films are a concern in the fabrication of copper (indium, gallium) diselenide (CIGS) and cadmium telluride (CdTe) photovoltaic devices. Devices incorporating chemical-bath-deposited (CBD) CdS are comparable in quality to devices incorporating purer CdS films grown using vacuum deposition techniques, despite the higher impurity concentrations typically observed in the CBD CdS films. In this paper, we summarize and review the results of Fourier transform infrared (FTIR), Auger, electron microprobe, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopic (XPS) analyses of the impurities in CBD CdS films. We show that these impurities differ as a function of substrate type and film deposition conditions. We also show that some of these impurities exist as 10{sup 2} micron-scale precipitates.

Webb, J. D.; Keane, J.; Ribelin, R.; Gedvilas, L.; Swartzlander, A.; Ramanathan, K.; Albin, D. S.; Noufi, R.

1999-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

228

Oil and Gas Supply Module  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1 1 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook 2012 Oil and Gas Supply Module The NEMS Oil and Gas Supply Module (OGSM) constitutes a comprehensive framework with which to analyze crude oil and natural gas exploration and development on a regional basis (Figure 8). The OGSM is organized into 4 submodules: Onshore Lower 48 Oil and Gas Supply Submodule, Offshore Oil and Gas Supply Submodule, Oil Shale Supply Submodule[1], and Alaska Oil and Gas Supply Submodule. A detailed description of the OGSM is provided in the EIA publication, Model Documentation Report: The Oil and Gas Supply Module (OGSM), DOE/EIA-M063(2011), (Washington, DC, 2011). The OGSM provides crude oil and natural gas short-term supply parameters to both the Natural Gas Transmission and Distribution Module and the Petroleum

229

Photovoltaic Module Qualification Plus Testing  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes a set of test methods that are in the midst of being incorporated into IEC 61215 for certification of a module design or other tests that go beyond certification to establish bankability.

Kurtz, S.; Wohlgemuth, J.; Kempe, M.; Bosco, N.; Hacke, P.; Jordan, D.; Miller, D. C.; Silverman, T. J.; Phillips, N.; Earnest, T.; Romero, R.

2013-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Titel des Moduls: Schallmesstechnik und  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Titel des Moduls: Schallmesstechnik und Signalverarbeitung (Measurement Technique and Signal. Fortgeschrittene" und/oder mit Modulen TA 2 und TA 6 "Noise and Vibration Control", "Advanced Noise and Vibration

Berlin,Technische Universität

231

Approved Module Information for CH3108, 2014/5 Module Title/Name: Polymer III Module Code: CH3108  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Additives for Polymer Modification [Part 2]:To illustrate the role of different additives in plastics School: Engineering and Applied Science Module Type: Standard Module New Module? No Module Credits: 20 and their effects in modifying polymer properties and performance using different modification methods

Neirotti, Juan Pablo

232

Approved Module Information for ME4504, 2014/5 Module Title/Name: Renewable Energy Module Code: ME4504  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

turbine Renewable energy system design Renewable Energy Policy: UK and international perspectives ModuleApproved Module Information for ME4504, 2014/5 Module Title/Name: Renewable Energy Module Code: ME understanding of the origins and nature of renewable energy flows and their capture and conversion into useful

Neirotti, Juan Pablo

233

Doping profiles in CdTe/CdS thin film solar cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

CdS/CdTe thin film solar cells showing comparable properties as commercial cells have been prepared by close space sublimation (CSS) in our own laboratory. We characterised the cells by capacitancevoltage profiling (CV), thermal admittance spectroscopy (TAS), and thermally stimulated capacitance measurements (TSCAP). The doping profiles of the CdTe layer obtained by CV measurements confirm the well known rise in dopant concentration with increasing depth if the usual evaluation procedure is employed. However, the TAS and TSCAP measurements reveal deep acceptors in the CdTe layer with a large concentration exceeding that of the shallow dopants. Under these conditions, CV measurements are shown to yield an apparently rising dopant concentration even for homogeneous doping. A combined simulation of doping profiles measured at different temperatures using a fixed and uniform shallow and deep doping fits well to measured doping concentration. These results indicate how to get reliable information on the shallow dopant concentration.

U. Reislhner; M. Hdrich; N. Lorenz; H. Metzner; W. Witthuhn

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Industrial Upscaling of CdTe/CdS Thin Film Solar Cells , A. Bosioa  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, with the participation of the Marcegaglia industrial group, IFIS Bank of Venice, the contribution of Ministry 905223. E-mail address: Nicola.Romeo@unipr.it (Nicola Romeo). 1 INTRODUCTION CdTe with its energy gap" which means that only a few microns of the material are needed to absorb 90% of photons with energy

Romeo, Alessandro

235

Compact magnetic energy storage module  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A superconducting compact magnetic energy storage module in which a plurality of superconducting toroids, each having a toroidally wound superconducting winding inside a poloidally wound superconducting winding, are stacked so that the flow of electricity in each toroidally wound superconducting winding is in a direction opposite from the direction of electrical flow in other contiguous superconducting toroids. This allows for minimal magnetic pollution outside of the module.

Prueitt, Melvin L. (Los Alamos, NM)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Compact magnetic energy storage module  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A superconducting compact magnetic energy storage module in which a plurality of superconducting toroids, each having a toroidally wound superconducting winding inside a poloidally wound superconducting winding, are stacked so that the flow of electricity in each toroidally wound superconducting winding is in a direction opposite from the direction of electrical flow in other contiguous superconducting toroids. This allows for minimal magnetic pollution outside of the module. 4 figures.

Prueitt, M.L.

1994-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

237

Characterization of CdZnTe ambient temperature detectors  

SciTech Connect

A great deal of interest has been generated in the use of cadmium telluride (CdTe) and cadmium zinc telluride (CdZnTe) detectors for ambient temperature detection of radionuclides. The addition of zinc to CdTe provides several benefits that enhance the materials operational characteristics at ambient temperature. Recent movement in the industry is to produce larger volume detectors using CdZnTe without much known about the effects of larger geometry on performance. The purpose of this study is to get an idea of the relationship of detector performance to both area and thickness variations.

Lavietes, A.

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Indium and tellurium doping of CdS crystals in cadmium vapor and their luminescent properties  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A technique is devised for vapor-phase doping of CdS in the quaternary system Cd-In-Te-S. CdS crystals are doped with In and Te via four-zone ... InTe vapors. The luminescence spectra of the CdS?In,Te?[Cd] crysta...

I. N. Odin; M. V. Chukichev; M. E. Rubina

239

Indium and tellurium doping of CdS crystals in cadmium vapor and their luminescent properties  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A technique is devised for vapor-phase doping of CdS in the quaternary system CdInTeS. CdS crystals are doped with In and Te via four-zone ... InTe vapors. The luminescence spectra of the CdS?In,Te?[Cd] cryst...

I. N. Odin; M. V. Chukichev; M. E. Rubina

240

Luminescent Properties of CdS Crystals Doped with Gallium and Tellurium in Cadmium Vapor  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A technique is devised for vapor-phase doping CdS in the quaternary system CdGaTeS. CdS crystals are doped with Ga and Te via four-zone ... and Cd (the more volatile component of CdS). The luminescence spectra...

I. N. Odin; M. V. Chukichev; M. E. Rubina

2003-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "module sion cd" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

The effect of impurities on the doping and VOC of CdTe/CdS thin film solar cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The effect of introducing impurities in CdTe, namely antimony (Sb) and oxygen (O), on the net carrier concentration in CdS/CdTe solar cells and on their open-circuit voltage (VOC) has been investigated. Oxygen was introduced in the CdTe films during the deposition of this layer by the close-spaced sublimation process. The total pressure was held constant at 1330Pa (N2 and O2). The amount of oxygen was varied by varying its partial pressure. Antimony was introduced into CdTe using a post-deposition diffusion process. Following the deposition of CdTe a thin film (a few nm) of Sb was deposited onto the CdTe surface and subsequently heat-treated to cause in-diffusion of Sb. The temperature and time during the diffusion process were varied in the range of 300525C and 20160min respectively. In both instances it was possible to vary (increase) the doping concentration in CdTe. The increase in doping was accompanied by an increase in VOC. However, in all instances the doping in CdTe reached a maximum value, beyond which further increases were not possible leading to saturation in VOC. The highest VOC measured was similar to state-of-the-art values in the range of 800830mV, and the highest doping concentration measured was in the 1016cm?3 range.

H. Zhao; Alvi Farah; D. Morel; C.S. Ferekides

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Effect of Manganese Concentration in the Cd1-xMnxTe/CdTe Tandem Structure on Photovoltaic Energy Conversion  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The photovoltaic electricity is obtained by direct conversion of sunlight into electricity by solar cells. The objective of this work is the study and simulation of a Tandem photovoltaic structure based on Cd1-xMnxTe as top material cell. This paper describes the optimization of energy efficiency for Cd1-xMnxTe thin films deposited by epitaxy on CdTe substrat. We present the impact of the manganese concentration in Cd1-xMnxTe thin films on solar cells performances. Our study includes simulation results to show the conversion efficiency and main performances factors as function of the manganese concentration.

A. Aissat; M. El Bey; M. Fathi; J.P. Vilcot

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

LE BULLETIN DE L'EPI N 56 LE CD ROM -MMOIRE LASER LE CD ROM -MMOIRE LASER  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

212 LE BULLETIN DE L'EPI N° 56 LE CD ROM - M?MOIRE LASER LE CD ROM - M?MOIRE LASER R. ALLARI Le'informations textuelles, graphiques et sonores, son ouverture à de nouvelles démarches d'accès à ces données, le CD ROM;213 R. ALLARI LE BULLETIN DE L'EPI Numérique #12;214 LE BULLETIN DE L'EPI LE CD ROM - M?MOIRE LASER

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

244

Apparatus for encapsulating a photovoltaic module  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The subject inventions concern various photovoltaic module designs to protect the module from horizontal and vertical impacts and degradation of solar cell efficiency caused by moisture. In one design, a plurality of panel supports that are positioned adjacent to the upper panel in a photovoltaic module absorb vertical forces exerted along an axis perpendicular to the upper panel. Other designs employ layers of glass and tempered glass, respectively, to protect the module from vertical impacts. A plurality of button-shaped channels is used around the edges of the photovoltaic module to absorb forces applied to the module along an axis parallel to the module and direct moisture away from the module that could otherwise penetrate the module and adversely affect the cells within the module. A spacer is employed between the upper and lower panels that has a coefficient of thermal expansion substantially equivalent to the coefficient of thermal expansion of at least one of the panels.

Albright, Scot P. (El Paso, TX); Dugan, Larry M. (Boulder, CO)

1995-10-24T23:59:59.000Z

245

QUANTIFICATION OF LOSSES IN THIN-FILM CdS/CdTe SOLAR CELLS S.H. Demtsu and J.R. Sites  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

QUANTIFICATION OF LOSSES IN THIN-FILM CdS/CdTe SOLAR CELLS S.H. Demtsu and J.R. Sites Department of Physics, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80523, USA ABSTRACT Quantification of solar cell Thin-film CdS/CdTe devices have been studied extensively, but some basic underlying properties

Sites, James R.

246

CdS nanoclusters doped with divalent atoms  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

ZnS and CdS small nanoclusters have been predicted to trap ... studied the structure and stability of (X@(CdS) i ) 2 with X = Be, Mg, Ca, O, S, Se and i...=9, 12, 15, 16 on the...

Elisa Jimenez-Izal; Jon M. Azpiroz; Riti Gupta

2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Optical-Fiber-Based, Time-Resolved Photoluminescence Spectrometer for Thin-Film Absorber Characterization and Analysis of TRPL Data for CdS/CdTe Interface: Preprint  

SciTech Connect

We describe the design of a time resolved photoluminescence (TRPL) spectrometer for rapid semiconductor absorber characterization. Simplicity and flexibility is achieved by using single optical fiber to deliver laser pulses and to collect photoluminescence. We apply TRPL for characterization of CdS/CdTe absorbers after deposition, CdCl2 treatment, Cu doping, and back contact formation. Data suggest this method could be applied in various stages of PV device processing. Finally, we show how to analyze TRPL data for CdS/CdTe absorbers by considering laser light absorption depth and intermixing at CdS/CdTe interface.

Kuciauskas, D.; Duenow, J. N.; Kanevce, A.; Li, J. V.; Young, M. R.; Dippo, P.; Levi, D. H.

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

Scale-Up of World Record 16.5% CdTe Cell Design for a 50 MWp Production Facility: September 27, 2007 - March 26, 2009  

SciTech Connect

This final report covers progress made on subcontract NAT-7-77015-07 by PrimeStar Solar Inc. for the 18 month period from September 27, 2007 through March 26, 2009. The project objectives were to accelerate the commercialization of the world record 16.5% efficiency cadmium telluride photovoltaic technology. This was done by developing high performance 6"x6" prototype mini-modules and by designing and commissioning a pilot line for manufacturing of commercial sized 60cmx120cm modules. This subcontract aligns with the SAI program by accelerating the development of high efficiency low cost CdTe solar PV module manufacturing. This will contribute to the goal of PV grid parity by 2015. Progress with the deliverables and milestones in this subcontract constitutes progress towards the KPP and milestone objectives for the SAI program.

Seymour, F. H.

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

Atomistic simulation of CdTe solid-liquid coexistence equilibria...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

simulation of CdTe solid-liquid coexistence equilibria. Atomistic simulation of CdTe solid-liquid coexistence equilibria. Abstract: Atomistic simulations of CdTe using a...

250

Strain relaxation of CdTe films growing on lattice-mismatched substrates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

gap approaches the value of bulk CdTe crystals. This makesbulk crystals with crystalline CdTe ?lms for the purpose ofthe top layer of thick CdTe ?lms grown on Si(001) substrate

Ma, Zhixun; Yu, Kin Man; Walukiewicz, Wladek; Yu, Peter Y.; Mao, Samuel S.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Shunt Passivation Process for CdTe Solar Cell - New Post Deposition Technique.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? A cadmium sulfide / cadmium telluride (CdS/CdTe) solar cell consists of thedevice stack: Glass substrate / SnO2:F (TCO, transparent conductive oxide) / CdS (n-type (more)

Tessema, Misle Mesfin

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

E-Print Network 3.0 - alpha chain cd25 Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

administration of anti- CD25 (interleukin-2 receptor alpha) monoclonal antibody. Cancer Res. 59:3128-3133. 9... occurring CD25+CD4+ regulatory T cells (T reg cells) are...

253

Textbook of Dermatology on CD-ROM. by Thomas B. Habif, MD  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

edition was released a CD-ROM version also became available.The CD-ROM contains the unabridged text of the print versionadditional features of the CD-ROM as compared to the print

Haycox, Claire L. MD PhD

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

Are you looking for shipboard ADCP? Moored ADCP on CD-ROM Introduction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Are you looking for shipboard ADCP? Moored ADCP on CD-ROM Introduction This database contains. Since April 1994, AOML has been receiving the binary data from NSWC. CD-ROM Contents This CD-ROM

255

Active combustion flow modulation valve  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A flow modulation valve has a slidably translating hollow armature with at least one energizable coil wound around and fixably attached to the hollow armature. The energizable coil or coils are influenced by at least one permanent magnet surrounding the hollow armature and supported by an outer casing. Lorentz forces on the energizable coils which are translated to the hollow armature, increase or decrease the flow area to provide flow throttling action. The extent of hollow armature translation depends on the value of current supplied and the direction of translation depends on the direction of current flow. The compact nature of the flow modulation valve combined with the high forces afforded by the actuator design provide a flow modulation valve which is highly responsive to high-rate input control signals.

Hensel, John Peter; Black, Nathaniel; Thorton, Jimmy Dean; Vipperman, Jeffrey Stuart; Lambeth, David N; Clark, William W

2013-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

256

The assess facility descriptor module  

SciTech Connect

The Facility Descriptor (Facility) module is part of the Analytic System and Software for Evaluating Safeguards and Security (ASSESS). Facility is the foundational software application in the ASSESS system for modelling a nuclear facility's safeguards and security system to determine the effectiveness against theft of special nuclear material. The Facility module provides the tools for an analyst to define a complete description of a facility's physical protection system which can then be used by other ASSESS software modules to determine vulnerability to a spectrum of insider and outsider threats. The analyst can enter a comprehensive description of the protection system layout including all secured areas, target locations, and detailed safeguards specifications. An extensive safeguard component catalog provides the reference data for calculating delay and detection performance. Multiple target locations within the same physical area may be specified, and the facility may be defined for two different operational states such as dayshift and nightshift. 6 refs., 5 figs.

Jordan, S.E.; Winblad, A.; Key, B.; Walker, S.; Renis, T.; Saleh, R.

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Solid-state membrane module  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Solid-state membrane modules comprising at least one membrane unit, where the membrane unit has a dense mixed conducting oxide layer, and at least one conduit or manifold wherein the conduit or manifold comprises a dense layer and at least one of a porous layer and a slotted layer contiguous with the dense layer. The solid-state membrane modules may be used to carry out a variety of processes including the separating of any ionizable component from a feedstream wherein such ionizable component is capable of being transported through a dense mixed conducting oxide layer of the membrane units making up the membrane modules. For ease of construction, the membrane units may be planar.

Gordon, John Howard (Salt Lake City, UT); Taylor, Dale M. (Murray, UT)

2011-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

258

Progress of MICE RFCC Module  

SciTech Connect

Recent progress on the design and fabrication of the RFCC (RF and superconducting Coupling Coil) module for the international MICE (Muon Ionization Cooling Experiment) are reported. The MICE ionization cooling channel has two RFCC modules, each having four 201- MHz normal conducting RF cavities surrounded by one superconducting coupling coil (solenoid) magnet. The magnet is designed to be cooled by three cryocoolers. Fabrication of the RF cavities is complete; preparation for the cavity electro-polishing, low power RF measurements, and tuning are in progress at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL). Fabrication of the cold mass of the first coupling coil magnet has been completed in China and the cold mass arrived at LBNL in late 2011. Preparations for testing the cold mass are currently under way at Fermilab. Plans for the RFCC module assembly and integration are being developed and are described.

Li, D.; Bowring, D.; DeMello, A.; Gourlay, S.; Green, M.; Li, N.; Niinikoski, T.; Pan, H.; Prestemon, S.; Virostek, S.; Zisman, M.; Bross, A.; Carcagno, R.; Kashikhin, V.; Sylvester, C.; Chen, A.B.; Guo, Bin; Li, Liyi; Xu, Fengyu; Cao, Y.; Sun, S.; Wang, Li; Yin, Lixin; Luo, Tianhuan; Summers, Don; Smith, B.; Radovinsky, A.; Zhukovsky, A.; Kaplan, D.

2012-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

259

Dependence of the efficiency of a CdS/CdTe solar cell on the absorbing layer's thickness  

SciTech Connect

On the basis of the continuity equation, the spatial distribution of photogenerated excess electrons in the neutral region of the CdTe layer in a CdS/CdTe heterostructure is analyzed taking into account recombination at the rear surface of the layer. It is demonstrated that, owing to diffusion, excess electrons penetrate deep into the CdTe layer at distances far exceeding the effective penetration length for solar radiation. Calculations of the short-circuit current indicate that, for electron lifetimes of 10{sup -10}-10{sup -9} s, typical of thin-film CdS/CdTe solar cells, recombination losses are insignificant if the CdTe layer's thickness amounts to 3-4 {mu}m but increase dramatically if the thickness is below 1-1.5 {mu}m. In order to eliminate recombination losses in more efficient solar cells where the electron lifetime is {>=}10{sup -8} s the absorbing CdTe layer needs to be much thicker.

Kosyachenko, L. A., E-mail: lakos@chv.ukrpack.net; Savchuk, A. I.; Grushko, E. V. [Chernivtsi National University (Ukraine)

2009-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

260

Magnetoluminescence of CdTe/MnTe/CdMgTe heterostructures with ultrathin MnTe layers  

SciTech Connect

CdTe/MnTe/CdMgTe quantum-well structures with one or two monolayers of MnTe inserted at CdTe/CdMgTe interfaces were fabricated. The spectra of the excitonic luminescence from CdTe quantum wells and their variation with temperature indicate that introduction of ultrathin MnTe layers improves the interface quality. The effect of a magnetic field in the Faraday configuration on the spectral position of the exciton-emission peaks indicates that frustration of magnetic moments in one-monolayer MnTe insertions is weaker than in two-monolayer insertions. The effect of a magnetic field on the exciton localization can be explained in terms of the exciton wave-function shrinkage and obstruction of the photoexcited charge-carrier motion in the quantum well.

Agekyan, V. F., E-mail: vfag@rambler.ru [St. Petersburg State University, Fock Institute of Physics (Russian Federation); Holz, P. O. [Polish Academy of Sciences, Institute of Physics (Poland); Karczewski, G. [Linkoeping University (Sweden); Katz, V. N. [St. Petersburg State University, Fock Institute of Physics (Russian Federation); Moskalenko, E. S. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Ioffe Physical Technical Institute (Russian Federation); Serov, A. Yu.; Filosofov, N. G. [St. Petersburg State University, Fock Institute of Physics (Russian Federation)

2011-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "module sion cd" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Development of a modular CdTe detector plane for gamma-ray burst detection below 100 keV  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report on the development of an innovative CdTe detector plane (DPIX) optimized for the detection and localization of gamma-ray bursts in the X-ray band (below 100 keV). DPIX is part of an R&D program funded by the French Space Agency (CNES). DPIX builds upon the heritage of the ISGRI instrument, currently operating with great success on the ESA INTEGRAL mission. DPIX is an assembly of 200 elementary modules (XRDPIX) equipped with 32 CdTe Schottky detectors (4x4 mm2, 1 mm thickness) produced by ACRORAD Co. LTD. in Japan. These detectors offer good energy response up to 100 keV. Each XRDPIX is readout by the very low noise front-end electronics chip IDeF-X, currently under development at CEA/DSM/DAPNIA. In this paper, we describe the design of XRDPIX, the main features of the IDeF-X chip, and will present preliminary results of the reading out of one CdTe Schottky detector by the IDeF-X V1.0 chip. A low-energy threshold around 2.7 keV has been measured. This is to be compared with the 12-15 keV threshol...

Ehanno, M; Barret, D; Lacombe, K; Pons, R; Rouaix, G; Gevin, O; Limousin, O; Lugiez, F; Bardoux, A; Penquer, A

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Development of a modular CdTe detector plane for gamma-ray burst detection below 100 keV  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report on the development of an innovative CdTe detector plane (DPIX) optimized for the detection and localization of gamma-ray bursts in the X-ray band (below 100 keV). DPIX is part of an R&D program funded by the French Space Agency (CNES). DPIX builds upon the heritage of the ISGRI instrument, currently operating with great success on the ESA INTEGRAL mission. DPIX is an assembly of 200 elementary modules (XRDPIX) equipped with 32 CdTe Schottky detectors (4x4 mm2, 1 mm thickness) produced by ACRORAD Co. LTD. in Japan. These detectors offer good energy response up to 100 keV. Each XRDPIX is readout by the very low noise front-end electronics chip IDeF-X, currently under development at CEA/DSM/DAPNIA. In this paper, we describe the design of XRDPIX, the main features of the IDeF-X chip, and will present preliminary results of the reading out of one CdTe Schottky detector by the IDeF-X V1.0 chip. A low-energy threshold around 2.7 keV has been measured. This is to be compared with the 12-15 keV threshold of the ISGRI-INTEGRAL and BAT-SWIFT instruments, which both use similar detector material.

M. Ehanno; C. Amoros; D. Barret; K. Lacombe; R. Pons; G. Rouaix; O. Gevin; O. Limousin; F. Lugiez; A. Bardoux; A. Penquer

2007-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

263

Effect of Zn, Mn, and Fe on Cd accumulation in phytoplankton ...  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We examined the effect of important controlling factors (free ion concentrations of Cd, Zn, and Mn and Fe limitation of growth rate) on Cd accumulation by an...

264

Effect of alkali-metal doping on photoluminescence of CdS films  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

It is established that doping of CdS polycrystalline films with alkaline metals (Li,... Cd 2? ...cation vacancies, which are nonradiative recombination centers ...

V. G. Klyuev; T. L. Maiorova

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Module Handbook Specialisation Wind Energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Wind Turbines Module name: Wind potential, Aerodynamics & Loading of Wind Turbines Section Classes Evaluation of Wind Energy Potential Wind turbine Aerodynamics Static and dynamic Loading of Wind turbines Wind turbine Aerodynamics Static and dynamic Loading of Wind turbines Credit points 8 CP

Habel, Annegret

266

Approved Module Information for CE1102, 2014/5 Module Title/Name: Organic Chemistry for Engineers Module Code: CE1102  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Approved Module Information for CE1102, 2014/5 Module Title/Name: Organic Chemistry for Engineers Module Code: CE1102 School: Engineering and Applied Science Module Type: Standard Module New Module chemistry. Part 2: Introduction to Laboratory Skills To enable the student to develop good practical skills

Neirotti, Juan Pablo

267

High Heat Flux Thermoelectric Module Using Standard Bulk Material...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Heat Flux Thermoelectric Module Using Standard Bulk Material High Heat Flux Thermoelectric Module Using Standard Bulk Material Presents high heat flux thermoelectric module design...

268

Hail Impact Testing on Crystalline Si Modules with Flexible Packaging...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Hail Impact Testing on Crystalline Si Modules with Flexible Packaging Hail Impact Testing on Crystalline Si Modules with Flexible Packaging Presented at the PV Module Reliability...

269

Overview of the PV Module Model in PVWatts (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect

Overview of the PV module model. PVWatts module power estimates were compared with those using the Sandia model for three modules and data sets.

Marion, B.

2010-09-22T23:59:59.000Z

270

Approved Module Information for EE3OEL, 2014/5 Module Title/Name: Optoelectronics Module Code: EE3OEL  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Approved Module Information for EE3OEL, 2014/5 Module Title/Name: Optoelectronics Module Code: EE3: * To provide a broad overview of updated optoelectronic principles, devices and applications. The students optoelectronic devices and their important functions for applications in optical communication, signal processing

Neirotti, Juan Pablo

271

Approved Module Information for ME1601, 2014/5 Module Title/Name: Engineering Science Module Code: ME1601  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to apply the basic engineering principles of mechanics, solid mechanics and thermo fluids to a variety and understanding of the fundamental engineering principles of mechanics, solid mechanics and thermo-fluidsApproved Module Information for ME1601, 2014/5 Module Title/Name: Engineering Science Module Code

Neirotti, Juan Pablo

272

Approved Module Information for PD2003, 2014/5 Module Title/Name: Engineering Principles 2 Module Code: PD2003  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to apply further engineering principles of mechanics, solid mechanics, energy systems and thermo-fluids and understanding of the fundamental engineering principles of mechanics, solid mechanics and thermo- fluidsApproved Module Information for PD2003, 2014/5 Module Title/Name: Engineering Principles 2 Module

Neirotti, Juan Pablo

273

Process Development for High Voc CdTe Solar Cells  

SciTech Connect

This is a cumulative and final report for Phases I, II and III of this NREL funded project (subcontract # XXL-5-44205-10). The main research activities of this project focused on the open-circuit voltage of the CdTe thin film solar cells. Although, thin film CdTe continues to be one of the leading materials for large-scale cost-effective production of photovoltaics, the efficiency of the CdTe solar cells have been stagnant for the last few years. This report describes and summarizes the results for this 3-year research project.

Ferekides, C. S.; Morel, D. L.

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Cd-based II-VI semiconductor nanostructures produced by buffer-layer-assisted growth: Structural evolution and photoluminescence  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, we discuss the assembly of nanostructures of CdS, CdSe, and CdTe using buffer- layer-assisted growth energies for diffusion for CdS, CdSe, and CdTe can be attributed to differences in London dispersion and branched7 core-shell structures. Improvements in the functionality of these structures have included doping

Weaver, John H.

275

New Camshaft Phaser Module for Automobile Engines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

?...shows the functional scheme of the camshaft phaser module. The function components which are integrated into the module are encircled in a chain dotted line. A spring loaded piston pressure r...

Dr.-Ing. Uwe Meinig; Dipl.-Ing. (FH) Jrgen Bohner

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

Effect of shells on photoluminescence of aqueous CdTe quantum dots  

SciTech Connect

Graphical abstract: Size-tunable CdTe coated with several shells using an aqueous solution synthesis. CdTe/CdS/ZnS quantum dots exhibited high PL efficiency up to 80% which implies the promising applications for biomedical labeling. - Highlights: CdTe quantum dots were fabricated using an aqueous synthesis. CdS, ZnS, and CdS/ZnS shells were subsequently deposited on CdTe cores. Outer ZnS shells provide an efficient confinement of electron and hole inside the QDs. Inside CdS shells can reduce the strain on the QDs. Aqueous CdTe/CdS/ZnS QDs exhibited high stability and photoluminescence efficiency of 80%. - Abstract: CdTe cores with various sizes were fabricated in aqueous solutions. Inorganic shells including CdS, ZnS, and CdS/ZnS were subsequently deposited on the cores through a similar aqueous procedure to investigate the effect of shells on the photoluminescence properties of the cores. In the case of CdTe/CdS/ZnS quantum dots, the outer ZnS shell provides an efficient confinement of electron and hole wavefunctions inside the quantum dots, while the middle CdS shell sandwiched between the CdTe core and ZnS shell can be introduced to obviously reduce the strain on the quantum dots because the lattice parameters of CdS is situated at the intermediate-level between those of CdTe and ZnS. In comparison with CdTe/ZnS coreshell quantum dots, the as-prepared water-soluble CdTe/CdS/ZnS quantum dots in our case can exhibit high photochemical stability and photoluminescence efficiency up to 80% in an aqueous solution, which implies the promising applications in the field of biomedical labeling.

Yuan, Zhimin; Yang, Ping, E-mail: mse_yangp@ujn.edu.cn

2013-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

277

Amplitude modulation free, wide band frequency modulated oscillator  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

oscillator- - - - - ? ? - ? 3 15 ~ Iiide Bmd Frc saency Lodulator Relatively Free of A@elf tude Modulation-? ? 35 1~'i. Tank Uoltare Versus Fx~tuency or . 'evcral Loads ? - ? ? - 35 17. Screon Voltage Versus Frequency? 10. Amclitude Lodulafion Envelope... of Conventional Design- - ? 39 19 ' ~litude Ltodulation Eave" ope of !iem Design- - - ? - - ? 39 20. Tank Voltage Versus 11~-, coney of Conventisnal Design Hew Design INTRODUCTION The accurate and rapid determination and location of faults is very important...

Nelson, Dick Frank

1951-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Crossed modules of racks Alissa S. Crans  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Crossed modules of racks Alissa S. Crans Loyola Marymount University Friedrich Wagemann Universit to that of a crossed module of racks. We investigate the relation to categorified racks, namely strict 2-racks, and trunk-like objects in the category of racks, generalizing the relation between crossed modules of groups

Wagemann, Friedrich

279

Nutrient Management Module No. 15 Sustainable  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nutrient Management Module No. 15 Sustainable Agriculture by Ann McCauley, Soil Scientist, Clain for those wanting more in-depth information about sustainable agriculture. This module covers Rocky Mountain Source and Applications, with the focus on sustainable agriculture. Objectives After reading this module

Lawrence, Rick L.

280

Rank Modulation with Multiplicity Anxiao (Andrew) Jiang  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Rank Modulation with Multiplicity Anxiao (Andrew) Jiang Computer Science and Eng. Dept. Texas A&M University College Station, TX 77843 yuewang@cse.tamu.edu Abstract--Rank modulation is a scheme that uses-change memories, etc. An extension of rank modulation is studied in this paper, where multiple cells can have

Jiang, Anxiao "Andrew"

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "module sion cd" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

A Stability of LCLS Linac Modulators  

SciTech Connect

Information concerning to a stability of LCLS RF linac modulators is allocated in this paper. In general a 'pulse-to-pulse' modulator stability (and RF phase as well) is acceptable for the LCLS commission and FEL programs. Further modulator stability improvements are possible and approaches are discussed based on our experimental results.

Decker, F.-J.; Krasnykh, A.; Morris, B.; Nguyen, M.; /SLAC

2012-06-13T23:59:59.000Z

282

Study of the intermediate layer at the n{sup +}-CdS/p-CdTe interface  

SciTech Connect

The effect of production conditions and subsequent stimulation by ultrasonic irradiation on the formation of a solid solution at the n-CdS/p-CdTe interface in solar cells has been investigated. The phase composition of the solid-solution transient layer was investigated by a nondestructive photoelectric method (measurement of the spectral distribution of photosensitivity in the gate and photodiode modes). It is shown that the phase composition and thickness of the intermediate CdTe{sub 1-x}S{sub x} layer depend strongly on the heterostructure formation conditions.

Muzafarova, S. A., E-mail: samusu@rambler.ru; Aitbaev, B. U.; Mirsagatov, Sh. A. [Academy of Sciences of Republic Uzbekistan, Physicotechnical Institute, NPO Fizika solntsa (Uzbekistan); Durshimbetov, K. [Karakalpak State University (Uzbekistan); Zhanabergenov, Zh. [Karakalpak State Pedagogical Institute (Uzbekistan)

2008-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

283

Interface module for transverse energy input to dye laser modules  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An interface module (10) for transverse energy input to dye laser modules is provided particularly for the purpose of delivering enhancing transverse energy beams (36) in the form of illumination bar (54) to the lasing zone (18) of a dye laser device, in particular to a dye laser amplifier (12). The preferred interface module (10) includes an optical fiber array (30) having a plurality of optical fibers (38) arrayed in a co-planar fashion with their distal ends (44) receiving coherent laser energy from an enhancing laser source (46), and their proximal ends (4) delivered into a relay structure (3). The proximal ends (42) of the optical fibers (38) are arrayed so as to be coplanar and to be aimed generally at a common point. The transverse energy beam array (36) delivered from the optical fiber array (30) is acted upon by an optical element array (34) to produce an illumination bar (54) which has a cross section in the form of a elongated rectangle at the position of the lasing window (18). The illumination bar (54) is selected to have substantially uniform intensity throughout.

English, Jr., Ronald E. (Tracy, CA); Johnson, Steve A. (Tracy, CA)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Luminescence in Mn-doped CdS nanocrystals  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We have synthesized Mn-doped CdS nanocrystals (NCs) with size ranging from ... nm. Photoluminescence (PL) spectra of the doped NCs differ from that of the undoped...d-d...transitions. Electron paramagnetic resona...

Angshuman Nag; Sameer Sapra; Subhra Sen Gupta

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Compensation of flare-induced CD changes EUVL  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for compensating for flare-induced critical dimensions (CD) changes in photolithography. Changes in the flare level results in undesirable CD changes. The method when used in extreme ultraviolet (EUV) lithography essentially eliminates the unwanted CD changes. The method is based on the recognition that the intrinsic level of flare for an EUV camera (the flare level for an isolated sub-resolution opaque dot in a bright field mask) is essentially constant over the image field. The method involves calculating the flare and its variation over the area of a patterned mask that will be imaged and then using mask biasing to largely eliminate the CD variations that the flare and its variations would otherwise cause. This method would be difficult to apply to optical or DUV lithography since the intrinsic flare for those lithographies is not constant over the image field.

Bjorkholm, John E. (Pleasanton, CA); Stearns, Daniel G. (Los Altos, CA); Gullikson, Eric M. (Oakland, CA); Tichenor, Daniel A. (Castro Valley, CA); Hector, Scott D. (Oakland, CA)

2004-11-09T23:59:59.000Z

286

The UNEP project CD4CDM CDM PDD Guidebook  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The UNEP project CD4CDM CDM PDD Guidebook: Navigating the Pitfalls Second edition #12;CDM PDD on Energy, Climate and Sustainable Development DTU -Risø Roskilde, Denmark Graphic design and production... .... .... .... .... .... .... .... .... .... .... .... .... .... .... .... .... 10 The CDM Project Development

287

Selective Area Epitaxy of CdTe on Nanopatterned Substrates.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? HgCdTe/Si devices can potentially be significantly improved by the use of nanopatterned substrate structures on Si to control point and extended crystal defects. This (more)

Fahey, Stephen

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Selective Area Epitaxy of CdTe on Nanopatterned Substrates.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??HgCdTe/Si devices can potentially be significantly improved by the use of nanopatterned substrate structures on Si to control point and extended crystal defects. This thesis (more)

Fahey, Stephen D.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Critical Decision 2 (CD-2) Approval Template | Department of...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

ExampleCD-2Template02-14-12.docx More Documents & Publications Example BCP Template Proposed Data Elements for PARS II Web Application Glossary of Screen Labels for PARS II V...

290

Degradation Pathway Models for Photovoltaics Module Lifetime Performance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Degradation Pathway Models for Photovoltaics Module Lifetime Performance Nicholas R. Wheeler, Laura data from Underwriter Labs, featuring measurements taken on 18 identical photovoltaic (PV) modules in modules and their effects on module performance over lifetime. Index Terms--photovoltaics, statistical

Rollins, Andrew M.

291

Quantum confinement effects in Gd-doped CdS nanoparticles prepared by chemical precipitation technique  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

CdS and Gd-doped CdS nanoparticles have been synthesized by chemical precipitation ... The X-ray diffraction patterns show that the CdS and Gd-doped CdS nanoparticles exhibit hexagonal structure. The high resolu...

M. Thambidurai; N. Muthukumarasamy

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Re-dispersible Li+ and Eu3+ co-doped CdS nanoparticles: Luminescence studies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Re-dispersible CdS, 5 at.% Eu3+-doped CdS, 2 at.% Li+ and 5 at.% Eu3+ co-doped CdS nanoparticles in organic solvent are prepared by ... at a low temperature of 170C. CdS nanoparticles have spherical shape with a...

N. S. Gajbhiye; Raghumani Singh Ningthoujam; Asar Ahmed; D. K. Panda

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

Paul Sellin, Radiation Imaging Group The role of defects on CdTe detector performance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Paul Sellin, Radiation Imaging Group The role of defects on CdTe detector performance P.J. Sellin1-destructive material characterisation techniques have been applied to CdTe wafers grown by the Travelling Heater Method Imaging Group PL mapping of whole CdTe wafers PL ( =819 nm) scan for two CdTe wafers, (left: wafer L700

Sellin, Paul

294

SiC Power Module  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

R&D 100 Entry R&D 100 Entry SiC Power Module 2 R&D 100 Entry SiC Power Module Submitting OrganizatiOn Sandia National Laboratories PO Box 5800, MS 1033 Albuquerque, NM 87185-1033 USA Stanley Atcitty Phone: 505-284-2701 Fax: 505-844-2890 satcitt@sandia.gov AFFIRMATION: I affirm that all information submitted as a part of, or supplemental to, this entry is a fair and accurate representation of this product. _____________________________________ Stanley Atcitty JOint Entry Arkansas Power Electronics International, Inc.; University of Arkansas; Rohm Co., LTD.; and the Department of Energy/ Energy Storage Program. 1. 1. Arkansas Power Electronics International, Inc. 535 W. Research Center Blvd. Fayetteville, AR 72701 USA Alexander B. Lostetter, President & CEO Phone: 479-443-5759

295

Modulation Field Induces Universe Rotation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper, we consider a time dependent module field on spacetime extension without modifying commutative relation on noncommutative quantum plane. The significant idea is that $Lorentz$ symmetry is conserved in module and unmodule coordinate. We focus on the redefinition of spacetime structure without considering noncommutative bosonic gas in deforming the product between fields. Which the null vector is a vector on orthogonal $D$ dimensional $Hilbert$ spacetime. In $Riemann$ geometry, the equation of motion is deformed from an induced rotation. Particle field survives on the state composed by two theoretical assumed $null$ vectors, one is commutative, another is anticommutative. In the point of view, neutrino and photon mass are produced by its shift, the rotated effect generates a horizon in redefining particle field.

Chien Yu Chen

2008-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

296

Five-coordinate Cd in the crystal structure of triploidite-type Cd2(AsO4)(OH)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper reports on hydrothermal synthesis and crystal structure refinement of dicadmium arsenate hydroxide, Cd2(AsO4)(OH), obtained at 220C and autogenous pressure. Its crystal structure is monoclinic, space...

Tamara or?evi?; Uwe Kolitsch

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Comparative Evaluation of Chemical and Environmental Online and CD-ROM Databases  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents a comparative evaluation of datasources of online databases and databases on CD-ROM (called CD-ROMs in this paper) in the field of environmental chemicals. ... Analyzing the five object sets for CD-ROMs (ICD?5CD), the situation is as follows:? The CD-ROM versions of large online databases, e.g., BIOSIS (BIOSIS Previews CD-ROM), RTECS (Registry of Toxic Effects of Chemical Substances), and TOX (Toxicology Literature Online CD-ROM), are maximum objects in our Hasse diagrams. ... Striking is the fact that the German CD-ROMs like GEF (Gefahrgut CD-ROM), GIF (Giftliste, krebserregende, gesundheitsschdliche und reizende Stoffe), and SIG (Siemens Gefahrstoff-Datenbank CD-ROM) are in low ranking positions. ...

Kristina Voigt; Johann Gasteiger; Rainer Brggemann

1999-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

298

The National Transport Code Collaboration Module Library  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper reports on the progress in developing a library of code modules under the auspices of the National Transport Code Collaboration (NTCC). Code modules are high quality, fully documented software packages with a clearly defined interface. The modules provide a variety of functions, such as implementing numerical physics models; performing ancillary functions such as I/O or graphics; or providing tools for dealing with common issues in scientific programming such as portability of Fortran codes. Researchers in the plasma community submit code modules, and a review procedure is followed to insure adherence to programming and documentation standards. The review process is designed to provide added confidence with regard to the use of the modules and to allow users and independent reviews to validate the claims of the modules' authors. All modules include source code; clear instructions for compilation of binaries on a variety of target architectures; and test cases with well-documented input and output. All the NTCC modules and ancillary information, such as current standards and documentation, are available from the NTCC Module Library Website http://w3.pppl.gov/NTCC. The goal of the project is to develop a resource of value to builders of integrated modeling codes and to plasma physics researchers generally. Currently, there are more than 40 modules in the module library.

A.H. Kritz; G. Bateman; J. Kinsey; A. Pankin; T. Onjun; A. Redd; D. McCune; C. Ludescher; A. Pletzer; R. Andre; L. Zakharov; L. Lodestro; L.D. Pearlstein; R. Jong; W. Houlberg; P. Strand; J. Wiley; P. Valanju; H.St. John; R. Waltz; J. Mandrekas; T.K. Mau; J. Carlsson; B. Braams

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Data:8994cd0e-69f4-4fde-8504-c3df338c32df | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

94cd0e-69f4-4fde-8504-c3df338c32df 94cd0e-69f4-4fde-8504-c3df338c32df No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Navajo Tribal Utility Authority Effective date: End date if known: Rate name: 8 module\640-wp system photovoltaic Sector: Commercial Description: Source or reference: http://www.ntua.com/utility_rates/pvrates.html Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category: Phase Wiring: << Previous 1 2 3 Next >>

300

Data:4274d259-63cd-47ef-9ab5-7ee7fb30ef7e | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

59-63cd-47ef-9ab5-7ee7fb30ef7e 59-63cd-47ef-9ab5-7ee7fb30ef7e No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of Lexington, Tennessee (Utility Company) Effective date: 2012/07/01 End date if known: Rate name: Area Lighting service(400 Watt Metal Halide) Sector: Lighting Description: Available to the individual Customer at locations on the City's distribution system. Source or reference: http://www.lexingtonnc.net/modules/showdocument.aspx?documentid=414 Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh):

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "module sion cd" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Coulomb interaction of acceptors in Cd{sub 1?x}Mn{sub x}Te/CdTe quantum dot  

SciTech Connect

The investigation on the effect of confining potential like isotropic harmonic oscillator type potential on the binding and the Coulomb interaction energy of the double acceptors in the presence of magnetic field in a Cd{sub 1?x}Mn{sub x}Te/CdTe Spherical Quantum Dot has been made for the Mn ion composition x=0.3 and compared with the results obtained from the square well type potential using variational procedure in the effective mass approximation.

Kalpana, P.; Nithiananthi, P., E-mail: kjkumar-gri@rediffmail.com; Jayakumar, K., E-mail: kjkumar-gri@rediffmail.com [Department of Physics, Gandhigram Rural University, Gandhigram-624302, TamilNadu (India); Reuben, A. Merwyn Jasper D. [Department of Physics, School of Engineering, Saveetha University, Thandalam, Chennai- 600104, TamilNadu (India)

2014-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

302

Photocurrent Spectroscopy of CdS/Plastic, CdS/Glass, and ZnTe/GaAs Hetero-pairs Formed with Pulsed-laser Deposition.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? This dissertation presents photocurrent (PC) spectroscopy of thin-film cadmium sulfide (CdS) on plastic, CdS on glass, and zinc telluride (ZnTe) on gallium arsenide (GaAs) (more)

Acharya, Krishna Prasad

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

Study of molybdenum oxide as a back contact buffer for thin film n-CdS/p-CdTe solar cells.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Back contact improvement is one of the most crucial issues for the realization of highly efficient n-CdS/p-CdTe solar cells. Conventional methods for making a sufficiently (more)

Lin, Hao

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Electrical characteristics of the CdTe-n-CdHgTe structure fabricated in a single molecular-beam epitaxy process  

SciTech Connect

An extraordinary shape of the capacitance-voltage characteristics of CdTe-CdHgTe structures has been detected; these characteristics include a specific 'hump' in the inversion region, the height of which increased severalfold under illumination. Additional measurements using an optical probe, measurements of current-voltage characteristics, and an analysis of the energy-band diagram of the structure showed the following. CdTe, in contrast to CdHgTe, is a p-type semiconductor with an acceptor concentration of 1 x 10{sup 16} cm{sup -3}; there is a hole inversion layer in CdHgTe at the boundary with CdTe, which causes the 'hump'; and the barrier height for holes at the CdTe-Cd{sub 0.43}Hg{sub 0.57}Te interface was determined as 0.13 eV.

Mashukov, Yu. P., E-mail: dr_mashukov@mail.ru; Mikhailov, N. N.; Vasilyev, V. V. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Rzhanov Institute of Semiconductor Physics, Siberian Branch (Russian Federation)

2010-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

305

Homeostatic Cytokines Induce CD4 Downregulation in African Green Monkeys Independently of Antigen Exposure To Generate Simian Immunodeficiency Virus-Resistant CD8?? T Cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Cytokines Induce CD4 Downregulation in African Green Monkeys Independently of Antigen Exposure...Health, Bethesda, Maryland, USA African green monkeys (AGMs; genus Chlorocebus) are...avoid immunodeficiency. Adult African green monkeys naturally have low numbers of CD4...

Molly R. Perkins; Judith A. Briant; Nina Calantone; Sonya Whitted; Carol L. Vinton; Nichole R. Klatt; Ilnour Ourmanov; Alexandra M. Ortiz; Vanessa M. Hirsch; Jason M. Brenchley

2014-07-02T23:59:59.000Z

306

Thermal Sintering Improves the Short Circuit Current of Solar Cells Sensitized with CdTe/CdSe Core/Shell Nanocrystals  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Aqueous colloidal solution of CdTe/CdSe core/shell nanocrystals used in this sensitized solar cells were synthesized using a wet chemical method. These colloidal nanocrystals were capped with Mercapto-Succinic...

Padmashri Patil

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Semiconductor Nanocrystals as Luminescent Down-Shifting Layers To Enhance the Efficiency of Thin-Film CdTe/CdS and Crystalline Si Solar Cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A commonly used thin-film CdTe/CdS solar cell is transparent to photons with energies below the bandgap energy, and an additional portion of sunlight is lost because of absorption of high-energy UV photons in the CdS buffer layer. ... Wu, S.; Dou, J.; Zhang, J.; Zhang, S.A Simple and Economical One-Pot Method to Synthesize High-Quality Water Soluble CdTe QDs J. Mater. ...

Sergii Kalytchuk; Shuchi Gupta; Olga Zhovtiuk; Aleksandar Vaneski; Stephen V. Kershaw; Huiying Fu; Zhiyong Fan; Eric C. H. Kwok; Chiou-Fu Wang; Wey Yang Teoh; Andrey L. Rogach

2014-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

308

LA REVUE DE L'EPI N 85 DES CD-ROM POUR L'COLE PRIMAIRE DES CD-ROM POUR L'COLE PRIMAIRE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

65 LA REVUE DE L'EPI N° 85 DES CD-ROM POUR L'?COLE PRIMAIRE DES CD-ROM POUR L'?COLE PRIMAIRE Jacques B?ZIAT EDUCAMPA COMMENT ENRICHIR SA BO?TE ? OUTILS SCOLAIRE ET P?DAGOGIQUE L'EPI diffuse le CD-Rom EDUCAMPA 1 (voir bon de commande page 236 de cette revue). Avec ce CD-Rom, Jean Marc Campaner nous livre

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

309

Approved Module Information for ME4501, 2014/5 Module Title/Name: Computational Fluid Dynamics and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-requisites: Thermodynamics and Fluids (ME3011). Engineering Mathematics 2 (AM21EM). Co-requisites: None Specified ModuleApproved Module Information for ME4501, 2014/5 Module Title/Name: Computational Fluid Dynamics and Applications Module Code: ME4501 School: Engineering and Applied Science Module Type: Standard Module New

Neirotti, Juan Pablo

310

Onset of current selfquenching in a metalCdSLaS cold cathode in the presence of inelastic scattering in the CdS layer  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

# a wide band gap semiconductor #un­ doped CdS# sandwiched between a metallic contact that sup­ plies scattering in the CdS layer Yamini Modukuru and Marc Cahay a) Department of Electrical Engineering­charge effects in the cathode to anode gap region of a recently proposed metal/CdS/LaS cold cathode and its

Cahay, Marc

311

X-ray standing wave study of CdTe/MnTe/CdTe(001) heterointerfaces J. C. Boulliard,a)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

features of the first stages of growth of ultrathin pseudomorphic MnTe 001 strained layers buried in CdTe on CdTe 001 substrates. Experiments with 004 and 113 reflecting planes show evidence of the presenceTe layers grown in CdTe 001 by molecular beam epitaxy. The results will be compared to high resolution

Boyer, Edmond

312

Effect of irradiation with gamma-ray photons on the charge-transport mechanism in n-CdS/p-CdTe heterostructures  

SciTech Connect

Effect of irradiation with {gamma}-ray photons on the mechanism of charge transport in an n-CdS/p-CdTe heterostructure is considered. It is shown that the forward current-voltage characteristic of an n-CdS/p-CdTe heterostructure before and after irradiation is described by two exponential dependences: I = I{sub 01}exp(qV/C{sub 01}kT) and I = I{sub 02}exp(qV/C{sub 02}kT). It is found that, in the first portion of the current-voltage characteristic, the current is limited by thermoelectronic emission while, in the second portion, the current is limited by recombination of nonequilibrium charge carriers in the electrically neutral portion of a CdTe{sub 1-x}S{sub x} alloy at the n-CdS/p-CdTe heteroboundary. Anomalous dose dependences of parameters of the n-CdS/p-CdTe heterosystem are attributed to a variation in the degree of compensation of local centers at the CdS-CdTe{sub 1-x}S{sub x} interface and in the CdTe{sub 1-x}S{sub x} layers in relation to the dose of irradiation with {gamma}-ray photons.

Muzafarova, S. A., E-mail: samusu@rambler.ru; Mirsagatov, S. A., E-mail: mirsagatov@rambler.ru; Dzhamalov, F. N. [Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Uzbekistan, Physicotechnical Institute, Researh-and-Production Association Sun Physics (Uzbekistan)

2009-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

313

THE RELATIONSHIP OF CdS/CdTe CELL BAND PROFILES TO J-V CHARACTERISTICS AND BIAS-DEPENDENT QUANTUM EFFICIENCY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-over, and, in some cases, long J-V and capacitance transient effects. CdTe is highly compensated containing by charge in the bulk CdTe within the absorber. PATHWAYS TO INCREASED EFFICIENCY There are several general to realize in practice. One pathway is by increasing the net negative charge in the CdTe by "p-type doping

Sites, James R.

314

Effects of Cu Diffusion from ZnTe:Cu/Ti Contacts on Carrier Lifetime of CdS/CdTe Thin Film Solar Cells: Preprint  

SciTech Connect

We study the performance of CdS/CdTe thin film PV devices processed with a ZnTe:Cu/Ti contact to investigate how carrier lifetime in the CdTe layer is affected by Cu diffusion from the contact.

Gessert, T. A.; Metzger, W. K.; Asher, S. E.; Young, M. R.; Johnston, S.; Dhere, R. G.; Duda, A.

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Authors: Aycock, J. & Barker, K. EICAR 2004 Conference CD-rom: Best Paper Proceedings EICAR 2004 Conference CD-rom Editor: Urs E. Gattiker  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Authors: Aycock, J. & Barker, K. EICAR 2004 Conference CD-rom: Best Paper Proceedings EICAR 2004 Conference CD-rom Editor: Urs E. Gattiker ISBN: 87-987271-6-8 Copyright © 2004 by EICAR e.V. 1 Creating Computer Virus Laboratory (Case Study). In U.E. Gattiker (Ed.), EICAR 2004 Conference CD-rom: Best Paper

Aycock, John

316

Development of Advanced CdTe Solar Cells Based on High Temperature Corning Glass Substrates: Cooperative Research and Development Final Report, CRADA Number CRD-10-373  

SciTech Connect

NREL has developed advanced processes for CdTe solar cells, but because of the temperature limitations of conventional soda lime glass, many of these processes have not been transferred to manufacturing. Corning is developing high temperature substrate glasses that are believed to be manufacturable and will lead to lower $/watt modules costs. The purpose of this CRADA is to evaluate these glasses in the advanced NREL processes. In addition, the CRADA seeks to develop manufacturable processes for transparent conductive oxide layers based on cadmium stannate.

Barnes, T.

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Modules over principal ideal rings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

need to note, however, , the difference between the two types of "union" of a set of submodules N 1 of a module N, The first is the "set-theoretic union" con- sisting of representatives of all the distinct elements to be found in the Ni... ideal R, which cons1sts of the elements of the ring. Consider the subset B of R of all elements of the form ra + na, where r and a are ring ele- ments and n is an integer. If rla + nla, r2a + n2a s B, then la + nla 2 2a la r2a + la 2 = (rl - r2)a...

Vieaux, Jules Bellin

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

318

Approved Module Information for BH3328, 2014/5 Module Title/Name: Psychology and Work Module Code: BH3328  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

* Organizational culture, climate, and change * Applying the Psychology of Work and Organizations The learning communication Planning and organizing Interpersonal discussion and communication Indicative Module Content

Neirotti, Juan Pablo

319

Cell fusion mediated by interaction of a hybrid CD4.CD8 molecule with the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 envelope glycoprotein does occur after a long lag time.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...01 cells. CD4.CD8 molecule does not interfere in the fusion...Coexpression of CD4.CD8 with CD4 does not interfere dominantly with...human immunodeficiency virus does not require the cytoplasmic...J. C. Jamieson (ed.), Handbook of physiology. Oxford University...

H Golding; R Blumenthal; J Manischewitz; D R Littman; D S Dimitrov

1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Definition: PV module | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Definition Definition Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Definition: PV module Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png PV module A unit comprised of several PV cells, and the principal unit of a PV array; it is intended to generate direct current power under un-concentrated sunlight.[1][2] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition A solar panel is a set of solar photovoltaic modules electrically connected and mounted on a supporting structure. A photovoltaic module is a packaged, connected assembly of photovoltaic cells. The solar module can be used as a component of a larger photovoltaic system to generate and supply electricity in commercial and residential applications. Each module is rated by its DC output power under standard test conditions (STC), and

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "module sion cd" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Power module assemblies with staggered coolant channels  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A manifold is provided for supporting a power module assembly with a plurality of power modules. The manifold includes a first manifold section. The first face of the first manifold section is configured to receive the first power module, and the second face of the first manifold section defines a first cavity with a first baseplate thermally coupled to the first power module. The first face of the second manifold section is configured to receive the second power module, and the second face of the second manifold section defines a second cavity with a second baseplate thermally coupled to the second power module. The second face of the first manifold section and the second face of the second manifold section are coupled together such that the first cavity and the second cavity form a coolant channel. The first cavity is at least partially staggered with respect to second cavity.

Herron, Nicholas Hayden; Mann, Brooks S; Korich, Mark D

2013-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

322

An ultrafast carbon nanotube terahertz polarisation modulator  

SciTech Connect

We demonstrate ultrafast modulation of terahertz radiation by unaligned optically pumped single-walled carbon nanotubes. Photoexcitation by an ultrafast optical pump pulse induces transient terahertz absorption in nanowires aligned parallel to the optical pump. By controlling the polarisation of the optical pump, we show that terahertz polarisation and modulation can be tuned, allowing sub-picosecond modulation of terahertz radiation. Such speeds suggest potential for semiconductor nanowire devices in terahertz communication technologies.

Docherty, Callum J.; Stranks, Samuel D.; Habisreutinger, Severin N.; Joyce, Hannah J.; Herz, Laura M.; Nicholas, Robin J.; Johnston, Michael B., E-mail: m.johnston@physics.ox.ac.uk [Department of Physics, University of Oxford, Clarendon Laboratory, Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3PU (United Kingdom)

2014-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

323

In-line thermoelectric module  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A thermoelectric module with a plurality of electricity generating units each having a first end and a second end, the units being arranged first end to second end along an in-line axis. Each unit includes first and second elements each made of a thermoelectric material, an electrically conductive hot member arranged to heat one side of the first element, and an electrically conductive cold member arranged to cool another side of the first element and to cool one side of the second element. The hot member, the first element, the cold member and the second element are supported in a fixture, are electrically connected respectively to provide an electricity generating unit, and are arranged respectively in positions along the in-line axis. The individual components of each generating unit and the respective generating units are clamped in their in-line positions by a loading bolt at one end of the fixture and a stop wall at the other end of the fixture. The hot members may have a T-shape and the cold members an hourglass shape to facilitate heat transfer. The direction of heat transfer through the hot members may be perpendicular to the direction of heat transfer through the cold members, and both of these heat transfer directions may be perpendicular to the direction of current flow through the module.

Pento, Robert (Algonquin, IL); Marks, James E. (Glenville, NY); Staffanson, Clifford D. (S. Glens Falls, NY)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

In-Line Thermoelectric Module  

SciTech Connect

A thermoelectric module with a plurality of electricity generating units each having a first end and a second end, the units being arranged first end to second end along an-in-line axis. Each unit includes first and second elements each made of a thermoelectric material, an electrically conductive hot member arranged to heat one side of the first element, and an electrically conductive cold member arranged to cool another side of the first element and to cool one side of the second element. The hot member, the first element, the cold member and the second element are supported in a fixture, are electrically connected respectively to provide an electricity generating unit, and are arranged respectively in positions along the in-line axis. The individual components of each generating unit and the respective generating units are clamped in their in-line positions by a loading bolt at one end of the fixture and a stop wall at the other end of the fixture. The hot members may have a T-shape and the cold members an hourglass shape to facilitate heat transfer. The direction of heat transfer through the hot members may be perpendicular to the direction of heat transfer through the cold members, and both of these heat transfer directions maybe perpendicular to the direction-of current flow through the module.

Pento, Robert; Marks, James E.; Staffanson, Clifford D.

1998-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

325

NETL: Gasification - Request Gasification Systems Information on a CD  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Gasification Systems Gasification Systems Request Gasification Systems Information on a CD Please fill in the form below to receive the CDs of your choice. * Denotes required field Requestor Contact Information Requested By (Agency/Company): First Name: * Last Name: * Address: * PO Box: City: * State: * Zip: * Country: Email: * Phone: CD Request Select CD(s):* Gasification Systems Project Portfolio Gasification Technologies Training Course Special Instructions: Submit Request Reset Contacts Program Contact: Jenny Tennant (304) 285-4830 jenny.tennant@netl.doe.gov Close Contacts Disclaimer Disclaimer of Liability: This system is made available by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government, the Department of Energy, the National Energy Technology Laboratory, nor any of

326

C.D. Howe Institute | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

C.D. Howe Institute C.D. Howe Institute C.D. Howe Institute October 21, 2008 - 4:14pm Addthis Remarks as Prepared for Acting Deputy Secretary Kupfer Thank you very much. It's a pleasure to be here. I want to congratulate the C. D. Howe Institute on its 50th anniversary-a half century of thoughtful public policy debates on the issues of greatest interest and concern to the Canadian people. In our increasingly interconnected world-the dialogue you foster also helps to inform the larger global debate on these issues. It is my hope that we are able to spark such a dialogue with our event here today, and I very much look forward to your thoughts and questions. As I look around this room, it is very clear that there is a lot of wisdom and experience here. I will start off with some comments on US energy policy.

327

C.D. Howe Institute | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

C.D. Howe Institute C.D. Howe Institute C.D. Howe Institute October 21, 2008 - 4:14pm Addthis Remarks as Prepared for Acting Deputy Secretary Kupfer Thank you very much. It's a pleasure to be here. I want to congratulate the C. D. Howe Institute on its 50th anniversary-a half century of thoughtful public policy debates on the issues of greatest interest and concern to the Canadian people. In our increasingly interconnected world-the dialogue you foster also helps to inform the larger global debate on these issues. It is my hope that we are able to spark such a dialogue with our event here today, and I very much look forward to your thoughts and questions. As I look around this room, it is very clear that there is a lot of wisdom and experience here. I will start off with some comments on US energy policy.

328

Photovoltaic Energy Technology Module | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Photovoltaic Energy Technology Module Photovoltaic Energy Technology Module Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Photovoltaic Energy Technology Module Agency/Company /Organization: World Bank Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy, Solar Topics: Technology characterizations Website: web.worldbank.org/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/TOPICS/EXTENERGY2/EXTRENENERGYTK/0,, References: Photovoltaic Energy Technology Module[1] Resources Portable Solar Photovoltaic Lanterns: Performance and Certification Specification, and Type Approval, ESMAP TECHNICAL PAPER 078 Testing of Storage Batteries used in Stand Alone Photovoltaic Power Systems, Test procedures and examples of test results Technical Specifications for Solar Home Systems (SHS), Rural Electrification and Renewable Energy Development (PV Component) Project

329

Frequencies Studies Applied to Photovoltaic Modules.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? This master thesis proposes to study applications of frequencies studies to the case of photovoltaic modules and photovoltaic plants. Such studies are little used (more)

Miquel, Clment

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Solid State Marx Modulators for Emerging Applications  

SciTech Connect

Emerging linear accelerator applications increasingly push the boundaries of RF system performance and economics. The power modulator is an integral part of RF systems whose characteristics play a key role in the determining parameters such as efficiency, footprint, cost, stability, and availability. Particularly within the past decade, solid-state switch based modulators have become the standard in high-performance, high power modulators. One topology, the Marx modulator, has characteristics which make it particularly attractive for several emerging applications. This paper is an overview of the Marx topology, some recent developments, and a case study of how this architecture can be applied to a few proposed linear accelerators.

Kemp, M.A.; /SLAC

2012-09-14T23:59:59.000Z

331

Natural Gas Transmission and Distribution Module  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

U.S. Energy Information Administration | Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook 2013 Natural Gas Transmission and Distribution Module The NEMS Natural Gas Transmission and...

332

Natural Gas Transmission and Distribution Module  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

31, 2012, Washington, DC Major assumption changes for AEO2013 Oil and Gas Working Group Natural Gas Transmission and Distribution Module DRAFT WORKING GROUP PRESENTATION DO NOT...

333

Multiple Layer Graphene Optical Modulator - Energy Innovation...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Materials Advanced Materials Find More Like This Return to Search Multiple Layer Graphene Optical Modulator Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Contact LBL About This...

334

Silicon Photonics for Modulation, Switching, and Tuning  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Thermal and electro-refractive silicon photonic modulators, switches, and tunable filters have been demonstrated with ultralow switching energies and high-speed operation. These...

Watts, Michael

335

D-modules on smooth toric varieties  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

D-MODULES ON SMOOTH TORIC VARIETIES. MIRCEA MUSTAT A, GREGORY G. SMITH, HARRISON TSAI,. AND ULI WALTHER. Abstract. Let X be a smooth...

336

Encapsulation of High Temperature Thermoelectric Modules  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Presents concept for hermetic encapsulation of TE modules addressing key failure mechanism, TE material oxidation, which severely impacts long term performance

337

Detailed Course Module Description | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers (EERE)

lists the course modules for building science courses offered at Cornell's Collaborator Sustainable Buildingi Practice course. coursemodule.pdf More Documents & Publications...

338

Explosives detection with a frequency modulation spectrometer  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An explosives detection instrument was designed and tested at SRI International. The instrument uses frequency modulation spectroscopy with midinfrared lead-salt diode lasers to...

Riris, H; Carlisle, C B; McMillen, D F; Cooper, D E

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

What causes high resistivity in CdTe  

SciTech Connect

Shallow donors are often introduced into semiconductor materials to enhance n-type conductivity. However, they can sometimes also be used to obtain compensation between donors and acceptors, resulting in high resistivity in semiconductors. For example, CdTe can be made semi-insulating by shallow donor doping. This is routinely done to obtain high resistivity in CdTe-based radiation detectors. However, it is widely believed that the shallow donor alone cannot be responsible for the high resistivity in CdTe. This is based on the argument that it is practically impossible to control the shallow donor doping level so precisely that the free carrier density can be brought below the desired value suitable for radiation detection applications. Therefore, a deep native donor is usually assumed to exist in CdTe and pin the Fermi level near midgap. In this paper, we present our calculations on carrier statistics and energetics of shallow donors and native defects in CdTe and illustrate different donor-specific mechanisms for achieving carrier compensation. Our results show that the shallow donor can be used to reliably obtain high resistivity in CdTe without requiring additional deep donors. Since radiation detection applications require both high resistivity and good carrier transport, one should generally use shallow donors and shallow acceptors for carrier compensation and avoid deep centers that are effective carrier traps. This study highlights how the interaction between impurities and native defects intricately affects the Fermi level pinning in the semiconductor band gap and the associated resistivity of the material.

Biswas, Koushik [ORNL; Du, Mao-Hua [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

Comparative Studies on Temperature Dependent I-V Characteristics of Al/(p)CdTe and Ni/(n)CdS Schottky Junctions and Their PV Effect  

SciTech Connect

Temperature dependent I-V characteristics of vacuum evaporated Al/(p)CdTe and Ni/(n)CdS Schottky junctions and their photovoltaic effects have been studied and compared. Different junction parameters such as ideality factors, barrier heights, Richardson's constant, short-circuit current density, fill factor, PV efficiency etc. were determined from their I-V characteristics. These parameters were found to change significantly on variation of temperature. The structures showed the change of PV effect. Efficiency found were 2.84% for Al/(p)CdTe and 4.44% for Ni hydro/(n)CdS. Polycrystalline nature, and continuous and ordered structure with bigger grain sizes of the CdS film shows more PV conversion efficiency in making Ni/(n)CdS junction as compare to Al/(p)CdTe junction. However these values were found to vary with doping concentration, and in hydrogen treated samples in both cases.

Wary, G. [Department of Physics, Cotton College, Guwahati-781001 (India); Kachari, T.; Rahman, A. [Department of Physics, Gauhati University, Guwahati-781014 (India)

2010-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "module sion cd" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Photoluminescence study of the substitution of Cd by Zn during the growth by atomic layer epitaxy of alternate CdSe and ZnSe monolayers  

SciTech Connect

We present a study of the substitution of Cd atoms by Zn atoms during the growth of alternate ZnSe and CdSe compound monolayers (ML) by atomic layer epitaxy (ALE) as a function of substrate temperature. Samples contained two quantum wells (QWs), each one made of alternate CdSe and ZnSe monolayers with total thickness of 12 ML but different growth parameters. The QWs were studied by low temperature photoluminescence (PL) spectroscopy. We show that the Cd content of underlying CdSe layers is affected by the exposure of the quantum well film to the Zn flux during the growth of ZnSe monolayers. The amount of Cd of the quantum well film decreases with higher exposures to the Zn flux. A brief discussion about the difficulties to grow the Zn{sub 0.5}Cd{sub 0.5}Se ordered alloy (CuAu-I type) by ALE is presented.

Hernndez-Caldern, I. [Physics Department,Cinvestav, Ave. IPN2508, 07360, Mxico City, DF. (Mexico); Salcedo-Reyes, J. C. [Thin Films Group, Physics Department, Pontificia Universidad Javeriana, Cr. 7 No. 43-82, Ed. 53, Lab. 404, Bogot, D.C. (Colombia)

2014-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

342

Module Title: Solid state and ultrafast lasers Module Code: OPTO6002  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Module lecturers Prof Andy Clarkson, Dr Bill Brocklesby Contact (email ID) wac@orc.soton.ac.uk, wsb@orc

Anderson, Jim

343

Module No: 410331International Trade LawModule Title: Pre-requisite  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and technology transfer contracts; also, a brief study of international trade arbitration and its rulesModule No: 410331International Trade LawModule Title: Pre-requisite: Module Type: specialization Description The international trade law course is a brief study of the topics of electronic commerce

344

Modular ITT Module D Modular ITT Module D Version 1 16/02/2012  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

manage health and safety at work. Your responses should include: basic statement on safety awarenessModular ITT ­ Module D Modular ITT ­ Module D Version 1 16/02/2012 Module D ­ Health & Safety an overall failing of your bid. This section allows us to assess your competency for health and safety. We

345

AC PV Modules Take a standard DC PV module and connect a microinverter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

modules. These inverters range in power from 700 watts up to 1 megawatt. DC maximum system voltages can and up to 13 inverters for the 210 W version to be installed on the same AC output cable. home power 136, and secure a listing to UL1741 for a pre-assembled module/inverter device, and you have an AC PV module

Johnson, Eric E.

346

Progress in the development of large area sub-millimeter resolution CdZnTe strip detectors  

SciTech Connect

The authors report progress in ongoing measurements of the performance of a sub-millimeter pitch CdZnTe strip detector developed as a prototype for astronomical instruments. Strip detectors can be used to provide two-dimensional position resolution with fewer electronic channels than pixellated arrays. Arrays of this type are under development for the position-sensitive image plane detector for a coded-aperture telescope operating in the hard x-ray range of 20--200 keV. The prototype is a 1.5 mm thick, 64 x 64 orthogonal stripe CdZnTe detector of 0.375 mm pitch in both dimensions, approximately one square inch of sensitive area. In addition to energy and spatial resolution capabilities, as reported last year, the authors demonstrate the imaging capabilities and discuss uniformity of response across an 8 x 8 stripe, 64 pixel, segment of detector. A technique for determination of the depth of photon interaction is discussed and initial results related to depth determination are presented. Issues related to the design and development of readout electronics, the packaging and production of strip detectors and the production of compact strip detector modules, including detector and readout electronics, are also discussed.

Macri, J.R.; Boykin, D.V.; Larson, K. [Univ. of New Hampshire, Durham, NH (United States). Space Science Center] [and others

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

347

Detector Performance of Ammonium-Sulfide-Passivated CdZnTe and CdMnTe Materials  

SciTech Connect

Dark currents, including those in the surface and bulk, are the leading source of electronic noise in X-ray and gamma detectors, and are responsible for degrading a detector's energy resolution. The detector material itself determines the bulk leakage current; however, the surface leakage current is controllable by depositing appropriate passivation layers. In previous research, we demonstrated the effectiveness of surface passivation in CZT (CdZnTe) and CMT (CdMnTe) materials using ammonium sulfide and ammonium fluoride. In this research, we measured the effect of such passivation on the surface states of these materials, and on the performances of detectors made from them.

Kim, K.H.; Bolotnikov, A.E.; Camarda, G.S.; Marchini, L.; Yang, G.; Hossain, A.; Cui, Y.; Xu, L.; and James, R.B.

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

High Efficiency CdTe/CdS Thin Film solar Cells by a Process Suitable for Large Scale Production. N. Romeo, A. Bosio, A. Romeo, M. Bianucci, L. Bonci, C. Lenti  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

High Efficiency CdTe/CdS Thin Film solar Cells by a Process Suitable for Large Scale Production. N-mail:Nicola.Romeo@fis.unipr.it ABSTRACT: It has been demonstrated that CdTe/CdS thin film solar cells can exhibit an efficiency around 16 Film. 1 INTRODUCTION CdTe/CdS thin film solar cells have a good possibility to be produced on large

Romeo, Alessandro

349

Analysis and Design of Smart PV Module  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis explores the design of a smart photovoltaic (PV) module- a PV module in which PV cells in close proximity are electrically grouped to form a pixel and are connected to dc-dc converter blocks which reside embedded in the back pane...

Mazumdar, Poornima

2012-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

350

Testing Protocol for Module Encapsulant Creep (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect

Recently there has been an interest in the use of thermoplastic encapsulant materials in photovoltaic modules to replace chemically crosslinked materials, e.g., ethylene-vinyl acetate. The related motivations include the desire to: reduce lamination time or temperature; use less moisture-permeable materials; or use materials with better corrosion characteristics. However, the use of any thermoplastic material in a high-temperature environment raises safety and performance concerns, as the standardized tests currently do not expose the modules to temperatures in excess of 85C, yet modules may experience temperatures above 100C in operation. Here we constructed eight pairs of crystalline-silicon modules and eight pairs of glass/encapsulation/glass mock modules using different encapsulation materials of which only two were designed to chemically crosslink. One module set was exposed outdoors with insulation on the back side in Arizona in the summer, and an identical set was exposed in environmental chambers. High precision creep measurements and performance measurements indicate that despite many of these polymeric materials being in the melt state at some of the highest outdoor temperatures achievable, very little creep was seen because of their high viscosity, temperature heterogeneity across the modules, and in the case of the crystalline-silicon modules, the physical restraint of the backsheet. These findings have very important implications for the development of IEC and UL qualification and safety standards, and in regards to the necessary level of cure during the processing of crosslinking encapsulants.

Kempe, M. D.; Miller, D. C.; Wohlgemuth, J. H.; Kurtz, S. R.; Moseley, J. M.; Shah, Q.; Tamizhmani, G.; Sakurai, K.; Inoue, M.; Doi, T.; Masuda, A.

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

Nutrient Management Module No. 12 Water Quality  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nutrient Management Module No. 12 Water Quality Considerations and Regulations by Susan Mc Management Competency Area II: Nutrient movement in soil and water. Objectives After completing this module issues 3.Become familiar with federal and state water quality regulations 4.Identify Best Management

Lawrence, Rick L.

352

Identification coding schemes for modulated reflectance systems  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An identifying coding apparatus employing modulated reflectance technology involving a base station emitting a RF signal, with a tag, located remotely from the base station, and containing at least one antenna and predetermined other passive circuit components, receiving the RF signal and reflecting back to the base station a modulated signal indicative of characteristics related to the tag.

Coates, Don M. (Santa Fe, NM); Briles, Scott D. (Los Alamos, NM); Neagley, Daniel L. (Albuquerque, NM); Platts, David (Santa Fe, NM); Clark, David D. (Santa Fe, NM)

2006-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

353

Workplace Training Module: Enhancing Ecotourism Business Performance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Workplace Training Module: Enhancing Ecotourism Business Performance (Level 5 ­ 10 credits as part on understanding best practice in ecotourism development and management (see second part of Appendix 1). The module focuses on the ecotourism business dimension ­ emphasizing best case examples of what creates successful

354

Electro-Optic Modulation of Single Photons  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We use the Stokes photon of a biphoton pair to set the time origin for electro-optic modulation of the wave function of the anti-Stokes photon thereby allowing arbitrary phase and amplitude modulation. We demonstrate conditional single-photon wave functions composed of several pulses, or instead, having gaussian or exponential shapes.

Pavel Kolchin; Chinmay Belthangady; Shengwang Du; G. Y. Yin; S. E. Harris

2008-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

355

Module Handbook Core Univ. of Oldenburg  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

· Mechanical and Electrical Systems of the WEC Content: Energy conversion process in Wind Turbines · Wind/EUREC Course 2008/2009 #12;EUREC Core Courses at University of Oldenburg, 1st Semester Wind Energy Module Module Description: Wind Energy Field: Core Oldenburg Courses: Wind Energy Wind Energy

Habel, Annegret

356

Raising the Bar for Quality PV Modules  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

Since the development and codification of testing standards for PV modules requires a lengthy multiyear process, Department of Energys SunShot Initiative and National Renewable Energy Laboratory worked together on an accelerated schedule for nine months in 2013 to develop a voluntary standard that goes beyond current test protocols to qualify superior PV modules.

357

CdTe Photovoltaics: Real and Perceived EHS Risks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

result in Cd (gaseous) emissions of 0.5g/GWh, equivalent to that of a coal fired power plant " Comment to the California Power Authority, 2002 #12;Brookhaven Science Associates U.S. Department is supported by: · US Bureau of Mines reports · Rhine Basin study (the largest application of Systems Analysis

Ohta, Shigemi

358

The UNEP project CD4CDM Guidebook to  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and procedures and about approaches for financial appraisal of CDM projects are among the reasons for this lackThe UNEP project CD4CDM Guidebook to Financing CDM Projects #12;Guidebook to Financing CDM Projects on this information. Independent legal and financial advice should always be sought when undertaking a CDM project

359

Results of a Si/CdTe Compton Telescope  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We have been developing a semiconductor Compton telescope to explore the universe in the energy band from several tens of keV to a few MeV. We use a Si strip and CdTe pixel detector for the Compton telescope to cover an energy range from 60 keV. For energies above several hundred keV, the higher efficiency of CdTe semiconductor in comparison with Si is expected to play an important role as an absorber and a scatterer. In order to demonstrate the spectral and imaging capability of a CdTe-based Compton Telescope, we have developed a Compton telescope consisting of a stack of CdTe pixel detectors as a small scale prototype. With this prototype, we succeeded in reconstructing images and spectra by solving the Compton equation from 122 keV to 662 keV. The energy resolution (FWHM) of reconstructed spectra is 7.3 keV at 511 keV and 3.1 keV at 122 keV, respectively. The angular resolution obtained at 511 keV is measured to be 12.2 degree (FWHM).

Kousuke Oonuki; Takaaki Tanaka; Shin Watanabe; Shin'ichiro Takeda; Kazuhiro Nakazawa; Takefumi Mitani; Tadayuki Takahashi; Hiroyasu Tajima; Yasushi Fukazawa; Masaharu Nomachi

2005-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

360

Ion-beam-induced damage formation in CdTe  

SciTech Connect

Damage formation in <111>- and <112>-oriented CdTe single crystals irradiated at room temperature and 15 K with 270 keV Ar or 730 keV Sb ions was investigated in situ using Rutherford backscattering spectroscopy (RBS) in channeling configuration. Defect profiles were calculated from the RBS spectra using the computer code DICADA and additional energy-dependent RBS measurements were performed to identify the type of defects. At both temperatures no formation of a buried amorphous layer was detected even after prolonged irradiation with several 10{sup 16} ions/cm{sup 2}. The fact that CdTe is not rendered amorphous even at 15 K suggests that the high resistance to amorphization is caused by the high ionicity of CdTe rather than thermal effects. The calculated defect profiles show the formation of a broad defect distribution that extends much deeper into the crystal than the projected range of the implanted ions at both temperatures. The post-range defects in CdTe thus do not seem to be of thermal origin either, but are instead believed to result from migration driven by the electronic energy loss.

Rischau, C. W.; Schnohr, C. S.; Wendler, E.; Wesch, W. [Institut fuer Festkoerperphysik, Friedrich-Schiller-Universitaet Jena, Max-Wien-Platz 1, D-07743 Jena (Germany)

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "module sion cd" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Insegnamenti Insegnamento cfu CdL SSD sem docente  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

25/09/2013 Insegnamenti 1/2 Insegnamento cfu CdL SSD sem docente Laboratorio di Fisica 12 FM FIS/01 annuale Bordi Laboratorio di Fisica 12 FM FIS/01 annuale Betti Laboratorio di Fisica 12 FM FIS/01 annuale Tramontano Biofisica Teorica 6 FM FIS/02 I anno, I sem DeMartino Interazioni Elettrodeboli 6 FM FIS/02 I anno

Roma "La Sapienza", Università di

362

Microfluidics for biological analysis: Triumphs and hurdles of CD platforms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Microfluidics for biological analysis: Triumphs and hurdles of CD platforms JONATHAN SIEGRIST1 , R on microfluidic technologies has become extensive, particularly in regards to the develop- ment of sample. Centrifugal microfluidic platforms based on the compact-disc format are discussed, along with the advantages

Joshi, Yogesh Moreshwar

363

The International Station Meteorological Climate Summary CD-ROM  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The International Station Meteorological Climate Summary (ISMCS)is a Compact Disc-Read Only Memory(CD-ROM)containing climatic records for 640 primary weather-observation sites and over 5800 secondary sites around the world. When used with a ...

Terry Jarrett

1992-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Ion transport membrane module and vessel system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An ion transport membrane system comprising (a) a pressure vessel having an interior, an exterior, an inlet, and an outlet; (b) a plurality of planar ion transport membrane modules disposed in the interior of the pressure vessel and arranged in series, each membrane module comprising mixed metal oxide ceramic material and having an interior region and an exterior region, wherein any inlet and any outlet of the pressure vessel are in flow communication with exterior regions of the membrane modules; and (c) one or more gas manifolds in flow communication with interior regions of the membrane modules and with the exterior of the pressure vessel. The ion transport membrane system may be utilized in a gas separation device to recover oxygen from an oxygen-containing gas or as an oxidation reactor to oxidize compounds in a feed gas stream by oxygen permeated through the mixed metal oxide ceramic material of the membrane modules.

Stein, VanEric Edward (Allentown, PA); Carolan, Michael Francis (Allentown, PA); Chen, Christopher M. (Allentown, PA); Armstrong, Phillip Andrew (Orefield, PA); Wahle, Harold W. (North Canton, OH); Ohrn, Theodore R. (Alliance, OH); Kneidel, Kurt E. (Alliance, OH); Rackers, Keith Gerard (Louisville, OH); Blake, James Erik (Uniontown, OH); Nataraj, Shankar (Allentown, PA); Van Doorn, Rene Hendrik Elias (Obersulm-Willsbach, DE); Wilson, Merrill Anderson (West Jordan, UT)

2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

365

Ion transport membrane module and vessel system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An ion transport membrane system comprising (a) a pressure vessel having an interior, an exterior, an inlet, and an outlet; (b) a plurality of planar ion transport membrane modules disposed in the interior of the pressure vessel and arranged in series, each membrane module comprising mixed metal oxide ceramic material and having an interior region and an exterior region, wherein any inlet and any outlet of the pressure vessel are in flow communication with exterior regions of the membrane modules; and (c) one or more gas manifolds in flow communication with interior regions of the membrane modules and with the exterior of the pressure vessel.The ion transport membrane system may be utilized in a gas separation device to recover oxygen from an oxygen-containing gas or as an oxidation reactor to oxidize compounds in a feed gas stream by oxygen permeated through the mixed metal oxide ceramic material of the membrane modules.

Stein, VanEric Edward (Allentown, PA); Carolan, Michael Francis (Allentown, PA); Chen, Christopher M. (Allentown, PA); Armstrong, Phillip Andrew (Orefield, PA); Wahle, Harold W. (North Canton, OH); Ohrn, Theodore R. (Alliance, OH); Kneidel, Kurt E. (Alliance, OH); Rackers, Keith Gerard (Louisville, OH); Blake, James Erik (Uniontown, OH); Nataraj, Shankar (Allentown, PA); van Doorn, Rene Hendrik Elias (Obersulm-Willsbach, DE); Wilson, Merrill Anderson (West Jordan, UT)

2008-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

366

T-685: Cisco Warranty CD May Load Malware From a Remote Site...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

5: Cisco Warranty CD May Load Malware From a Remote Site T-685: Cisco Warranty CD May Load Malware From a Remote Site August 5, 2011 - 3:26pm Addthis PROBLEM: A vulnerability was...

367

PRECONTACT SURFACE CHEMISTRY EFFECTS ON CdWCdTe SOLAR CELL PERFORMANCE AND STABILITY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PRECONTACT SURFACE CHEMISTRY EFFECTS ON CdWCdTe SOLAR CELL PERFORMANCE AND STABILITY Dave Albin (CBD) and close spaced sublimation (CSS) respectively. CdTe growth is followed by either solution

Sites, James R.

368

E-Print Network 3.0 - affect cd1 expression Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Concentrations and Precipitates Cadmium Sulfide... strain, Cd-1, from reducing salt marsh sediments. The strain grows in up to 15 mM CdCl2 under a wide... . In comparison...

369

Synthesis, structural and photocatalytic studies of Mn-doped CdS nanoparticles  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Mn-doped CdS nanoparticles (Cd1?x Mn x S; where x...=0.000.10) were synthesized by a chemical precipitation method. The synthesized products were characterized ...

Ruby Chauhan; Ashavani Kumar; Ram Pal Chaudhary

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Solvothermally synthesized europium-doped CdS nanorods: applications as phosphors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

To exploit the photoluminescent behavior of CdS at nanoscale with different doping concentration of europiuma rare earth element, we report the synthesis of Eu-doped CdS nanorods by using low temperature solvoth...

Sunil Kumar; Zinki Jindal; Nitu Kumari

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Electrical and optical properties of polycrystalline Ag-doped CdS thin films  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

CdS and CdS:Ag thin films were prepared using the spray pyrolysis technique. The prepared films were deposited on glass substrate kept at a temperature of (42010) C. The optical and electrical properties hav...

M. A. Khalid; H. A. Jassem

1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Ferromagnetism in Gd-doped CdS dilute magnetic semiconducting nanorods  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Cd x Gd1?x S (x...=00.15) nanorods have been synthesized by solvothermal technique. X-ray diffraction study reveals that pure and Gd-doped CdS nanorods exhibits...

Kamaldeep Kaur; Gurmeet Singh Lotey

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Effect of indium doping and annealing on photoconducting property of wurtzite type CdS  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper we observed the effect of doping and annealing on the dark current and anomalous photoconducting behavior of hexagonal wurtzite CdS, synthesized by solid state reaction method. Undoped CdS sample sh...

Vineet Kumar Singh; Pratima Chauhan; Sheo Kumar Mishra

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Structural and dielectrical studies on mechano-chemically synthesized indium doped CdS nanopowders  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Incorporation of indium (dopant) into CdS crystals have been successfully achieved by a ... ray diffraction (XRD) analysis of milled In doped CdS compound showed that the major phase of ... good pathway to identi...

B. J. Babu; S. Velumani; A. Kassiba

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

Development of high efficieny CdTe thin-film solar cell.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??CdTe films were deposited by sputtering technique and were then carried out by CdCl2 treatment. The SEM micrographs show that the grain sizes of the (more)

Huang, Yein-rein

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

Pressure-induced Phase Transition in Thiol-capped CdTe Nanoparticles  

SciTech Connect

Phase transitions for CdTe nanoparticles (NPs) under high pressure up to 37.0 GPa have been studied using fluorescence measurements. The phase transition from cinnarbar to rocksalt phase has been observed in CdTe NPs solution at 5.8 GPa, which is much higher than the phase transition pressure of bulk CdTe (3.8 GPa) and that of CdTe NPs in solid form (0.8 GPa). CdTe NPs solution therefore shows elevated phase transition pressure and enhanced stability against pressure compared with bulk CdTe and CdTe NPs in solid forms. The enhanced stability of CdTe NPs solution has been attributed to possible shape change in the phase transition and/or inhomogeneous strains in nanoparticle solutions.

Wu, F; Zaug, J; Young, C; Zhang, J Z

2006-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

377

Ligand Mediated Surface Reconstruction of Photoluminescent CdTe Quantum Dots.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Enhancement of photoluminescence (PL) is observed for light-shielded dodecylamine-capped colloidal CdTe quantum dots (CdTe/DDA QDs) dispersed in toluene after washing and recapping. The PL quantum (more)

Onnink, A.J.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

Development of Materials and Structures for p-type Contacts in CdTe Solar Cells.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Solar cells based on CdTe absorbers are attractive due to the optimal direct band gap energy and large absorption coefficient of CdTe, however, their performance (more)

Ferizovic, Dino

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

WAVELENGTH DEPENDENT EFFECTIVE TRAP DENSITY IN CdTe : EVIDENCE FOR THE PRESENCE OF TWO  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 WAVELENGTH DEPENDENT EFFECTIVE TRAP DENSITY IN CdTe : EVIDENCE FOR THE PRESENCE OF TWO.1016/S0030-4018(96)00516-0 #12;2 Photorefractive semiconductors like CdTe are characterized by a low

380

HIV-1 Tat protein down regulates interleukin-7 receptor alpha on CD8 T cells .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Expression of the IL-7 receptor alpha-chain (CD127) is decreased on CD8 T-cells in HIV infected patients and recovers in those receiving antiretroviral therapy with sustained (more)

Faller, Elliott M

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "module sion cd" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

ChemPages Laboratory: Abstract of Special Issue 24 on CD-ROM  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

ChemPages Laboratory: Abstract of Special Issue 24 on CD-ROM ... The ChemPages Laboratory CD-ROM uses text, images and video to clearly explain over 30 common laboratory techniques and items of equipment. ...

Joe L. March; John W. Moore; Jerrold J. Jacobsen

2000-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

The Nuclear Pool of Tetraspanin CD9 Contributes to Mitotic Processes in Human Breast Carcinoma  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Mitotic Processes in Human Breast Carcinoma Germana Rappa Toni M. Green Aurelio Lorico * * Corresponding Author: Aurelio Lorico, Cancer...CD9-GFP fusion protein. However, by fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) analysis, no direct binding of CD9 with either...

Germana Rappa; Toni M. Green; and Aurelio Lorico

383

A Comparison of Key PV Backsheet and Module Properties from Fielded...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

of Key PV Backsheet and Module Properties from Fielded Module Exposures and Accelerated Test Conditions A Comparison of Key PV Backsheet and Module Properties from Fielded Module...

384

Involvement of nuclear factor {kappa}B in platelet CD40 signaling  

SciTech Connect

Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer sCD40L induces TRAF2 association to CD40 and NF-{kappa}B activation in platelets. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer I{kappa}B{alpha} phosphorylation downstream of CD40L/CD40 signaling is independent of p38 MAPK phosphorylation. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer I{kappa}B{alpha} is required for sCD40L-induced platelet activation and potentiation of aggregation. -- Abstract: CD40 ligand (CD40L) is a thrombo-inflammatory molecule that predicts cardiovascular events. Platelets constitute the major source of soluble CD40L (sCD40L), which has been shown to potentiate platelet activation and aggregation, in a CD40-dependent manner, via p38 mitogen activated protein kinase (MAPK) and Rac1 signaling. In many cells, the CD40L/CD40 dyad also induces activation of nuclear factor kappa B (NF-{kappa}B). Given that platelets contain NF-{kappa}B, we hypothesized that it may be involved in platelet CD40 signaling and function. In human platelets, sCD40L induces association of CD40 with its adaptor protein the tumor necrosis factor receptor associated factor 2 and triggers phosphorylation of I{kappa}B{alpha}, which are abolished by CD40L blockade. Inhibition of I{kappa}B{alpha} phosphorylation reverses sCD40L-induced I{kappa}B{alpha} phosphorylation without affecting p38 MAPK phosphorylation. On the other hand, inhibition of p38 MAPK phosphorylation has no effect on I{kappa}B{alpha} phosphorylation, indicating a divergence in the signaling pathway originating from CD40 upon its ligation. In functional studies, inhibition of I{kappa}B{alpha} phosphorylation reverses sCD40L-induced platelet activation and potentiation of platelet aggregation in response to a sub-threshold concentration of collagen. This study demonstrates that the sCD40L/CD40 axis triggers NF-{kappa}B activation in platelets. This signaling pathway plays a critical role in platelet activation and aggregation upon sCD40L stimulation and may represent an important target against thrombo-inflammatory disorders.

Hachem, Ahmed [Laboratory of Thrombosis and Hemostasis, Montreal Heart Institute, 5000 Belanger, Montreal, Quebec, Canada H1T 1C8 (Canada)] [Laboratory of Thrombosis and Hemostasis, Montreal Heart Institute, 5000 Belanger, Montreal, Quebec, Canada H1T 1C8 (Canada); Yacoub, Daniel [Laboratory of Thrombosis and Hemostasis, Montreal Heart Institute, 5000 Belanger, Montreal, Quebec, Canada H1T 1C8 (Canada) [Laboratory of Thrombosis and Hemostasis, Montreal Heart Institute, 5000 Belanger, Montreal, Quebec, Canada H1T 1C8 (Canada); Centre Hospitalier Universite de Montreal, 264 boul. Rene-Levesque est, Montreal, Quebec, Canada H2X 1P1 (Canada); Zaid, Younes [Laboratory of Thrombosis and Hemostasis, Montreal Heart Institute, 5000 Belanger, Montreal, Quebec, Canada H1T 1C8 (Canada)] [Laboratory of Thrombosis and Hemostasis, Montreal Heart Institute, 5000 Belanger, Montreal, Quebec, Canada H1T 1C8 (Canada); Mourad, Walid [Universite de Montreal, Department of Medicine, 2900 boul. Edouard-Montpetit, Montreal, Quebec, Canada H3T 1J4 (Canada) [Universite de Montreal, Department of Medicine, 2900 boul. Edouard-Montpetit, Montreal, Quebec, Canada H3T 1J4 (Canada); Centre Hospitalier Universite de Montreal, 264 boul. Rene-Levesque est, Montreal, Quebec, Canada H2X 1P1 (Canada); Merhi, Yahye, E-mail: yahye.merhi@icm-mhi.org [Laboratory of Thrombosis and Hemostasis, Montreal Heart Institute, 5000 Belanger, Montreal, Quebec, Canada H1T 1C8 (Canada) [Laboratory of Thrombosis and Hemostasis, Montreal Heart Institute, 5000 Belanger, Montreal, Quebec, Canada H1T 1C8 (Canada); Universite de Montreal, Department of Medicine, 2900 boul. Edouard-Montpetit, Montreal, Quebec, Canada H3T 1J4 (Canada)

2012-08-17T23:59:59.000Z

385

DISSERTATION Role of the Cu-O Defect in CdTe Solar Cells  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

OF THE CU-O DEFECT COMPLEX IN CDTE SOLAR CELLS Thin-film CdTe is one of the leading materials used the defects present in thin-film CdTe deposited for solar cells. One key defect seen in the thin-film CdDISSERTATION Role of the Cu-O Defect in CdTe Solar Cells Submitted by Caroline R. Corwine

Sites, James R.

386

CD-ROM Spectroscope: A Simple and Inexpensive Tool for Classroom Demonstrations on Chemical Spectroscopy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

CD-ROM Spectroscope: A Simple and Inexpensive Tool for Classroom Demonstrations on Chemical Spectroscopy ... Construction of a handy spectroscope using a compact disk (CD) or a CD-ROM and its application to the observation of emission and absorption spectra are described. ... Thus, the CD-ROM spectroscope is a useful tool in primary and secondary schools to teach what color is and what spectra are. ...

Fumitaka Wakabayashi; Kiyohito Hamada; Kozo Sone

1998-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

LA REVUE DE L'EPI N 92 UTILISATION INDIVIDUELLE DU CD-ROM UTILISATION INDIVIDUELLE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

79 LA REVUE DE L'EPI N° 92 UTILISATION INDIVIDUELLE DU CD-ROM UTILISATION INDIVIDUELLE DU CD-ROM contenu de nos séances en introduisant le CD-ROM, mais pour des raisons techniques, il n'était pas'une médiathèque, avec un choix de CD-ROM en français, j'ai pensé qu'il serait possible d'en profiter pour l

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

388

A Graphene-based Polarization-Insensitive Optical Modulator  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We present a polarization-insensitive modulator. The performance of the designed modulator is comprehensively evaluated, showing a 3-dB modulation with 910-nm long waveguide, an...

hu, xiao; Gui, Chengcheng; Wang, Jian

389

CHARGED PARTICLE IDENTIFICATION WITH MODULES OF THE PLASTIC BALL  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

WITH MODULES OF THE PLASTIC BALL H.H. Gutbrod, M.R. Maier,WITH MODULES OF THE PLASTIC BALL H.H. Gutbrod, M.R. Maier*,of modules of the Plastic Ball detector for positive pions

Gutbrod, H.H.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

ZnMgO by APCVD Enabling High-Performance Mid-bandgap CIGS on Polyimide Modules: October 2009--October 2010  

SciTech Connect

This Pre-Incubator project was designed to increase the 'real world' CIGS based photovoltaic module performance and decrease the Levelized Cost of Energy (LCOE) of systems utilizing those modules compared to our traditional CIGS based photovoltaic modules. This was enabled by a) increasing the CIGS bandgap and b) developing better matched device finishing layers to the mid-bandgap CIGS based photovoltaics; including window and buffer layers (and eventually the TCO). Incremental progress in the novel device performance was demonstrated throughout the program, and ultimately achieved performance results that exceeded the milestones ahead of schedule. Metal-oxide buffer layer devices with mid-bandgap CIGS alloys on polyimide substrates were produced with efficiencies of over 12%. Corresponding mid-bandgap devices with CdS buffers produced over 13% efficient devices. Furthermore, no obvious degradation in the device performance has been observed to date, after proper storage ambient of the different types of unencapsulated devices were identified.

Woods, L.

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

Approved Module Information for EE2EDP, 2014/5 Module Title/Name: Electronics Design Project Module Code: EE2EDP  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Code: EE2EDP School: Engineering and Applied Science Module Type: Standard Module New Module? No Module Engineering Systems. BEng Electrical and Electronic Engineering. BEng Electronic Engineering and Computer competition among the groups to produce a 'best' system. * Students will be required to use creativity

Neirotti, Juan Pablo

392

Nanoscale Imaging of Photocurrent and Efficiency in CdTe Solar Cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Nanoscale Imaging of Photocurrent and Efficiency in CdTe Solar Cells ... The local collection characteristics of grain interiors and grain boundaries in thin-film CdTe polycrystalline solar cells are investigated using scanning photocurrent microscopy. ... photovoltaics; CdTe; scanning photocurrent microscopy; solar cells; NSOM ...

Marina S. Leite; Maxim Abashin; Henri J. Lezec; Anthony Gianfrancesco; A. Alec Talin; Nikolai B. Zhitenev

2014-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

393

Chemical bath deposition of CdS thin films doped with Zn and Cu  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Zn- and Cu-doped CdS thin films were deposited onto glass substrates...2 and CuCl2...were incorporated as dopant agents into the conventional CdS chemical bath in order to promote the CdS doping process. The effe...

A I OLIVA; J E CORONA; R PATIO; A I OLIVA-AVILS

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

Photothermal Beam Deflection and Photoaction Spectroscopic Study of CdS Photoelectrodes in Polysulfide Electrolyte  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

this study involving four CdS crystals, both pure and doped materials were used, with resistiv- ities varyingPhotothermal Beam Deflection and Photoaction Spectroscopic Study of CdS Photoelectrodes photovoltage, and ac photocurrent spectra for CdS photoelectrochemical cells are pre- sented. The spectra were

Mandelis, Andreas

395

Solar Energy Materials & Solar Cells 91 (2007) 13881391 Bifacial configurations for CdTe solar cells  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Solar Energy Materials & Solar Cells 91 (2007) 1388­1391 Bifacial configurations for CdTe solar We present a different back contact for CdTe solar cell by the application of only a transparent that acts as a free-Cu stable back contact and at the same time allows to realize bifacial CdTe solar cells

Romeo, Alessandro

396

PHOTOSCANNING OF CdTe DETECTORS FOR INVESTIGATION OF CRYSTAL QUALITY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

349 PHOTOSCANNING OF CdTe DETECTORS FOR INVESTIGATION OF CRYSTAL QUALITY AND CONTACT BEHAVIOUR P. A. Preliminary results are reported on light scanning of CdTe detectors with a mechanical scanning system using is absorbed in CdTe with an absorption length of appro- ximately 10 gm. The two mirrors were driven

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

397

Optical implementation of entangled multi-spin states in a CdTe quantum well  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Optical implementation of entangled multi-spin states in a CdTe quantum well J.M. Baoa , A in a CdTe quantum well. Our method, relying on the exchange interaction between optically excited holes; 78.67.De; 42.50.Md Keywords: A. CdTe quantum wells; D. Ultrafast optics; D. Quantum computation; D

Bao, Jiming

398

Structural tuning of color chromaticity through nonradiative energy transfer by interspacing CdTe nanocrystal monolayers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Structural tuning of color chromaticity through nonradiative energy transfer by interspacing CdTe transfer in the heterostructure of layer-by-layer spaced CdTe nanocrystal NC solids. We achieved highly demonstrated efficient FRET in LbL assembled bilayers of CdTe NCs. In another structure, alternating layers

Demir, Hilmi Volkan

399

USE OF VARIOUS DEVICE GEOMETRIES TO IMPROVE THE PERFORMANCE OF CdTe DETECTORS (*)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

343 USE OF VARIOUS DEVICE GEOMETRIES TO IMPROVE THE PERFORMANCE OF CdTe DETECTORS (*) K. ZANIO. - The most direct method of increasing the resolution of CdTe gamma ray and x-ray detectors is to increase of Environmental and Biomedical Research. doped CdTe. Devices do not polarize as those having blocking contacts

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

400

NUMERICAL MODELING OF CIGS AND CdTe SOLAR CELLS: SETTING THE BASELINE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

NUMERICAL MODELING OF CIGS AND CdTe SOLAR CELLS: SETTING THE BASELINE M. Gloeckler, A. Consequently specific baseline parameters for CIGS and CdTe are proposed. The modeling results important complications that are often found in experimental CIGS and CdTe solar cells. 1. INTRODUCTION

Sites, James R.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "module sion cd" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

USE OF CdTe DETECTORS IN BONE MINERAL MEASUREMENTS J. VOGEL, J. ULLMAN  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

375 USE OF CdTe DETECTORS IN BONE MINERAL MEASUREMENTS J. VOGEL, J. ULLMAN Nuclear Medicine. Cet ensemble emploie des détecteurs CdTe mesurant la transmission d'un faisceau collimaté de rayons X periods of prolonged bedrest or weightlessness. The unit employs CdTe detectors to mea- sure

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

402

Nonresonant four-wave mixing in photorefractive CdTe crystals using a picosecond parametric generator  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nonresonant four-wave mixing in photorefractive CdTe crystals using a picosecond parametric at nonresonant interaction, thus allowing a study of time-resolved carrier transport in CdTe crystals to be made space-charge SC electric fields have been studied in vanadium or germanium doped semi-insulating CdTe

Boyer, Edmond

403

IMPROVEMENTS IN THE MANUFACTURE OF CdTe GAMMA RAY DETECTORS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

141 IMPROVEMENTS IN THE MANUFACTURE OF CdTe GAMMA RAY DETECTORS S. BRELANT The Aerospace been made in the quality of chlorine-doped CdTe crystals manufactured by the traveling heater method applications of CdTe gamma ray detectors has been the continuous measurement of ablating materials

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

404

CRYSTAL GROWTH BY SOLVENT TECHNIQUES AND CHARACTERISTIC PROPERTIES OF CdTe  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

117 CRYSTAL GROWTH BY SOLVENT TECHNIQUES AND CHARACTERISTIC PROPERTIES OF CdTe T. TAGUCHI, J and holes are obtained. REVUE DE PHYSIQUE APPLIQU?E TOME 12, F?VRIER 1977, PAGE 117 1. Introduction. - CdTe during donor doping since CdTe has a strong tendency for self compensation However, in spite of a great

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

405

APPLICATIONS OF CdTe. A REVIEW Mobil Tyco Solar Energy Corporation, 16 Hickory Drive  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

APPLICATIONS OF CdTe. A REVIEW F. V. WALD Mobil Tyco Solar Energy Corporation, 16 Hickory Drive sont également données. Abstract. 2014 The review considers the history of CdTe in short form advanced. II. APPLICATIONS OF CADMIUM TELLURIDE AND DEVICES BASED ON THIS MATERIAL. Section II. 1 : CdTe

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

406

CHARACTERIZATION OF CdTe WITH PHOTOELECTRONIC TECHNIQUES A. M. MANCINI and C. MANFREDOTTI  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

255 CHARACTERIZATION OF CdTe WITH PHOTOELECTRONIC TECHNIQUES A. M. MANCINI and C. MANFREDOTTI seront discutés dans le cas où elles sont mises en 0153uvre sur CdTe. Abstract. 2014 Thermally stimulated current (TSC) and space-charge limited current (SCLC) measurements have been performed in CdTe grown

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

407

BIOTELEMETRY BASED ON CdTe-DETECTORS J. BOJSEN, N. ROSSING, O. SOEBERG and S. VADSTRUP  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

radionuclide detectors (CdTe) 2-3 mm3 (developed by C. R. N. Strasbourg) have been tested with special to the skin for surface detection [2, 3]. Among several new semiconductor materials the cadmium telluride (CdTe. - The detector probe, developed by C. R. N., Strasbourg, France, consists of a CdTe- crystal (2-3 mm

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

408

EFFECT OF BACK-CONTACT COPPER CONCENTRATION ON CdTe CELL OPERATION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

EFFECT OF BACK-CONTACT COPPER CONCENTRATION ON CdTe CELL OPERATION A.O. Pudov, M. Gloeckler, S of Mechanical Engineering Colorado State University, Ft. Collins, CO 80523 ABSTRACT CdTe solar cells were Copper is commonly used to form low-barrier contacts to p-type CdTe absorbers. Copper, however, is a fast

Sites, James R.

409

Self-Assembly of CdTe Tetrapods into Network Monolayers at the Air/Water  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Self-Assembly of CdTe Tetrapods into Network Monolayers at the Air/Water Interface Matthew D present a versatile method for cadmium telluride (CdTe) tetrapod syn- thesis by utilizing multiple Te the tetrapod shape. CdTe tetra- pods are a promising inorganic semicon- ductor for photovoltaic cells due

Lin, Zhiqun

410

CHARACTERIZATION OF UNDOPED HIGH RESISTIVITY CdTe GROWN BY A THM METHOD  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

185 CHARACTERIZATION OF UNDOPED HIGH RESISTIVITY CdTe GROWN BY A THM METHOD R. STUCK, J. C. MULLER techniques of cadmium tellu- ride crystals (CdTe) allowed to obtain high resistivity crystals of detector shape of the phase diagram of CdTe, it seemed interesting to characterize these materials in order

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

411

Exploring the Potential for High-Quality Epitaxial CdTe Solar Cells , Ana Kanevce2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Exploring the Potential for High-Quality Epitaxial CdTe Solar Cells Tao Song1 , Ana Kanevce2 National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, CO, 80401, USA Abstract -- Traditional polycrystalline CdTeV and ~ 20%. Epitaxial CdTe with high-quality, low defect-density, and high carrier density, could yield

Sites, James R.

412

Biaxial CdTe/CaF2 films growth on amorphous surface , F. Tang a  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

electron microscopy Metal organic chemical vapor deposition A continuous and highly biaxially textured CdTe nanorods as a buffer layer. The interface between the CdTe film and CaF2 nanorods and the morphology of the CdTe film were studied by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and scanning electron microscopy

Wang, Gwo-Ching

413

DISSERTATION ELECTRON-REFLECTOR STRATEGY FOR CdTe THIN-FILM SOLAR CELLS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

DISSERTATION ELECTRON-REFLECTOR STRATEGY FOR CdTe THIN-FILM SOLAR CELLS Submitted by Kuo-Jui Hsiao ELECTRON- REFLECTOR STRATEGY FOR CdTe THIN-FILM SOLAR CELLS BE ACCEPTED AS FULFILLING IN PART REQUIREMENTS SOLAR CELLS The CdTe thin-film solar cell has a large absorption coefficient and high theoretical

Sites, James R.

414

Aqueous synthesis and characterization of CdSe/ZnO core-shell nanoparticles  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Core-shell nanomaterials based on CdSe as the core and ZnO as the shell were prepared using an aqueous route involving the use of Cd salt and NaBH4 in reaction with Se to generate CdSe in the presence of thioglycerol (TG) as a stabilizer. ...

B. P. Rakgalakane; M. J. Moloto

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

USING CORIOLIS FORCE TO FACILITATE MOLECULAR TRANSPORTATION AND FLUID MIXING IN CD MICROFLUIDICS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

e. USING CORIOLIS FORCE TO FACILITATE MOLECULAR TRANSPORTATION AND FLUID MIXING IN CD MICROFLUIDICS Coriolis Force to Facilitate Molecular Transportation and Fluid Mixing in CD Microfluidics Platform and Fluid mixing in compact disk (CD) microfluidic platform where centrifugal force is used as the driving

Kassegne, Samuel Kinde

416

Introduction The Coastal Change Analysis Project St. Croix Estuary Region CD-ROM data set  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Introduction The Coastal Change Analysis Project St. Croix Estuary Region CD-ROM data set uses the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, the Gulf of Maine Program and Environment Canada. The CD-ROM of CD-ROM datasets. Historically valuable as a habitat for salmon, this area is now threatened

417

Book Review of Dictionary of Marine Natural Products with CD-ROM  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Book Review of Dictionary of Marine Natural Products with CD-ROM ... A CD-ROM is included, which allows users to search the entire contents of the Dictionary. ... The CD-ROM contains searchable indices on 35 text fields as well as structure and substructure search. ...

Zhendong Jin

2008-02-05T23:59:59.000Z

418

Influence of Surface Preparation on Scanning Kelvin Probe Microscopy and Electron Backscatter Diffraction Analysis of Cross Sections of CdTe/CdS Solar Cells: Preprint  

SciTech Connect

In this work we investigated different methods to prepare cross sections of CdTe/CdS solar cells for EBSD and SKPM analyses. We observed that procedures used to prepare surfaces for EBSD are not suitable to prepare cross sections, and we were able to develop a process using polishing and ion-beam milling. This process resulted in very good results and allowed us to reveal important aspects of the cross section of the CdTe film. For SKPM, polishing and a light ion-beam milling resulted in cross sections that provided good data. We were able to observe the depletion region on the CdTe film and the p-n junction as well as the interdiffusion layer between CdTe and CdS. However, preparing good-quality cross sections for SKPM is not a reproducible process, and artifacts are often observed.

Moutinho, H. R.; Dhere, R. G.; Jiang, C. S.; Al-Jassim, M. M.

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Criticality Calculations for Step?2 GPHS Modules  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Multi?Mission Radioisotope Thermoelectric Generator (MMRTG) will use an improved version of the General Purpose Heat Source (GPHS) module as its source of thermal power. This new version referred to as the Step?2 GPHS Module has additional and thicker layers of carbon fiber material (Fine Weaved Pierced Fabric) for increased strength over the original GPHS module. The GPHS uses alpha decay of 238 Pu in the oxide form as the primary source of heat and small amounts of other actinides are also present in the oxide fuel. Criticality calculations have been performed by previous researchers on the original version of the GPHS module (Step 0). This paper presents criticality calculations for the present Step?2 version. The Monte Carlo N?Particle eXtended code (MCNPX) was used for these calculations. Numerous configurations of GPHS module arrays surrounded by wet sand and other materials (to reflect the neutrons back into the stack with minimal absorption) were modeled. For geometries with eight GPHS modules (from a single MMRTG) surrounded by wet sand the configuration is extremely sub?critical; k eff is about 0.3. It requires about 1000 GPHS modules (from 125 MMRTGs) in a close?spaced stack to approach criticality ( k eff ?=?1.0) when surrounded by wet sand. The effect of beryllium in the MMRTG was found to be relatively small.

Ronald J. Lipinski; Danielle L. Hensen

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

Criticality Calculations for Step-2 GPHS Modules  

SciTech Connect

The Multi-Mission Radioisotope Thermoelectric Generator (MMRTG) will use an improved version of the General Purpose Heat Source (GPHS) module as its source of thermal power. This new version, referred to as the Step-2 GPHS Module, has additional and thicker layers of carbon fiber material (Fine Weaved Pierced Fabric) for increased strength over the original GPHS module. The GPHS uses alpha decay of {sup 238}Pu in the oxide form as the primary source of heat, and small amounts of other actinides are also present in the oxide fuel. Criticality calculations have been performed by previous researchers on the original version of the GPHS module (Step 0). This paper presents criticality calculations for the present Step-2 version. The Monte Carlo N-Particle eXtended code (MCNPX) was used for these calculations. Numerous configurations of GPHS module arrays surrounded by wet sand and other materials (to reflect the neutrons back into the stack with minimal absorption) were modeled. For geometries with eight GPHS modules (from a single MMRTG) surrounded by wet sand, the configuration is extremely sub-critical; k{sub eff} is about 0.3. It requires about 1000 GPHS modules (from 125 MMRTGs) in a close-spaced stack to approach criticality (k{sub eff} = 1.0) when surrounded by wet sand. The effect of beryllium in the MMRTG was found to be relatively small.

Lipinski, Ronald J. [Advanced Nuclear Concepts Department, Sandia National Laboratories, P.O Box 5800, Albuquerque, NM 87185 (United States); Hensen, Danielle L. [Risk and Reliability Department Sandia National Laboratories, P.O Box 5800, Albuquerque, NM 87185 (United States)

2008-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "module sion cd" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Criticality calculations for Step-2 GPHS modules.  

SciTech Connect

The Multi-Mission Radioisotope Thermoelectric Generator (MMRTG) will use an improved version of the General Purpose Heat Source (GPHS) module as its source of thermal power. This new version, referred to as the Step-2 GPHS Module, has additional and thicker layers of carbon fiber material (Fine Weaved Pierced Fabric) for increased strength over the original GPHS module. The GPHS uses alpha decay of {sup 238}Pu in the oxide form as the primary source of heat, and small amounts of other actinides are also present in the oxide fuel. Criticality calculations have been performed by previous researchers on the original version of the GPHS module (Step 0). This paper presents criticality calculations for the present Step-2 version. The Monte Carlo N-Particle eXtended code (MCNPX) was used for these calculations. Numerous configurations of GPHS module arrays surrounded by wet sand and other materials (to reflect the neutrons back into the stack with minimal absorption) were modeled. For geometries with eight GPHS modules (from a single MMRTG) surrounded by wet sand, the configuration is extremely sub-critical; k{sub eff} is about 0.3. It requires about 1000 GPHS modules (from 125 MMRTGs) in a close-spaced stack to approach criticality (k{sub eff} = 1.0) when surrounded by wet sand. The effect of beryllium in the MMRTG was found to be relatively small.

Hensen, Danielle Lynn; Lipinski, Ronald J.

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Tematea: Issue Based Modules for Coherent Implementation of Biodiversi...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Tematea: Issue Based Modules for Coherent Implementation of Biodiversity Conventions Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Tematea: Issue Based Modules for...

423

Agenda for the PV Module Reliability Workshop, February 26 -...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Agenda for the PV Module Reliability Workshop, February 26 - 27 2013, Golden, Colorado Agenda for the PV Module Reliability Workshop, February 26 - 27 2013, Golden, Colorado This...

424

NREL: Performance and Reliability R&D - PV Module Reliability...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Reliability R and D Printable Version PV Module Reliability Workshop NREL hosts an annual Photovoltaic Module Reliability Workshop (PVMRW) so that solar technology experts can...

425

Microsoft Word - APRIL 2009 PMCDP Module CHRIS ESSTutorial_ROTATION...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Microsoft Word - APRIL 2009 PMCDP Module CHRIS ESS TutorialROTATIONWITHINDUSTRY.doc Microsoft Word - APRIL 2009 PMCDP Module CHRIS ESS TutorialROTATIONWITHINDUSTRY.doc...

426

Microsoft Word - APRIL 2009 PMCDP Module CHRIS ESSTutorial_ESTABLISHI...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

ESTABLISHINGAPROFILE.doc Microsoft Word - APRIL 2009 PMCDP Module CHRIS ESS TutorialESTABLISHINGAPROFILE.doc Microsoft Word - APRIL 2009 PMCDP Module CHRIS ESS...

427

Energy Efficiency at Home - An Interdisciplinary Module for Energy...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Efficiency at Home - An Interdisciplinary Module for Energy Education Energy Efficiency at Home - An Interdisciplinary Module for Energy Education Below is information about the...

428

SunShot Presentation PV Module Reliabity Workshop Opening Session...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

SunShot Presentation PV Module Reliabity Workshop Opening Session SunShot Presentation PV Module Reliabity Workshop Opening Session This PowerPoint slide deck was originally...

429

SunShot Presentation PV Module Reliabity Workshop Opening Session  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2013 PV Module Reliability Workshop Feb 26- 27, 2013, Golden, CO * The SunShot Initiative * Systems Integration Technology Validation Activities * 2013 PV Module Reliability...

430

Module: Emission Factors for Deforestation | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Website: www.leafasia.orgtoolstechnical-guidance-series-emission-factors-defo Cost: Free Language: English Module: Emission Factors for Deforestation Screenshot Logo: Module:...

431

Module: Activity Data for Deforestation | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Website: www.leafasia.orgtoolstechnical-guidance-series-activity-data-defores Cost: Free Language: English Module: Activity Data for Deforestation Screenshot Logo: Module:...

432

Chirped Laser Dispersion Spectroscopy with Directly Modulated Quantum Cascade Laser  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A feasibility study of chirped laser dispersion spectroscopy (CLaDS) with utilizing direct modulation of a quantum cascade laser instead of external modulators is presented....

Hangauer, Andreas; Spinner, Georg; Nikodem, Michal; Wysocki, Gerard

433

EXPERIENCES ON PID TESTING OF PV MODULES IN 2012 | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Glass Potential Induced Degradation (PID) Tests for Commercially Available PV Modules Characterization of Dynamic Loads on Solar Modules with Respect to Fracture of Solar Cells...

434

Characterization of Dynamic Loads on Solar Modules with Respect...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Characterization of Dynamic Loads on Solar Modules with Respect to Fracture of Solar Cells Characterization of Dynamic Loads on Solar Modules with Respect to Fracture of Solar...

435

Statistical and Domain Analytics Applied to PV Module Lifetime...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

on PV Modules Failure Rates from Certification Testing to UL and IEC Standards for Flat Plate PV Modules Accelerated Stress Testing, Qualification Testing, HAST, Field Experience...

436

Symbiotic Value of an Embodied Agent in Language Learning Proceedings of 37th Annual Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences (CD/ROM),  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

International Conference on System Sciences (CD/ROM), Computer Society Press, 2004, CD Rom, 10 pages. Best paper

Massaro, Dominic

437

PSCAD Modules Representing PV Generator  

SciTech Connect

Photovoltaic power plants (PVPs) have been growing in size, and the installation time is very short. With the cost of photovoltaic (PV) panels dropping in recent years, it can be predicted that in the next 10 years the contribution of PVPs to the total number of renewable energy power plants will grow significantly. In this project, the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) developed a dynamic modeling of the modules to be used as building blocks to develop simulation models of single PV arrays, expanded to include Maximum Power Point Tracker (MPPT), expanded to include PV inverter, or expanded to cover an entire PVP. The focus of the investigation and complexity of the simulation determines the components that must be included in the simulation. The development of the PV inverter was covered in detail, including the control diagrams. Both the current-regulated voltage source inverter and the current-regulated current source inverter were developed in PSCAD. Various operations of the PV inverters were simulated under normal and abnormal conditions. Symmetrical and unsymmetrical faults were simulated, presented, and discussed. Both the three-phase analysis and the symmetrical component analysis were included to clarify the understanding of unsymmetrical faults. The dynamic model validation was based on the testing data provided by SCE. Testing was conducted at SCE with the focus on the grid interface behavior of the PV inverter under different faults and disturbances. The dynamic model validation covers both the symmetrical and unsymmetrical faults.

Muljadi, E.; Singh, M.; Gevorgian, V.

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

Planar photovoltaic solar concentrator module  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A planar photovoltaic concentrator module for producing an electrical signal from incident solar radiation includes an electrically insulating housing having a front wall, an opposing back wall and a hollow interior. A solar cell having electrical terminals is positioned within the interior of the housing. A planar conductor is connected with a terminal of the solar cell of the same polarity. A lens forming the front wall of the housing is operable to direct solar radiation incident to the lens into the interior of the housing. A refractive optical element in contact with the solar cell and facing the lens receives the solar radiation directed into the interior of the housing by the lens and directs the solar radiation to the solar cell to cause the solar cell to generate an electrical signal. An electrically conductive planar member is positioned in the housing to rest on the housing back wall in supporting relation with the solar cell terminal of opposite polarity. The planar member is operable to dissipate heat radiated by the solar cell as the solar cell generates an electrical signal and further forms a solar cell conductor connected with the solar cell terminal to permit the electrical signal generated by the solar cell to be measured between the planar member and the conductor. 5 figs.

Chiang, C.J.

1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Modulated voltage metastable ionization detector  

SciTech Connect

Metastable ionization detectors used for chromatographic analysis usually employa fixed high voltage for the ionization potential. For this reason, the operating range is limited to about three orders of magnitude. By use of the technique disclosed in the instant invention, operating ranges of about nine orders of magnitude are obtained. The output current from a metastable ionization detector (MID) is applied to a modulation voltage circuit. An adjustment is made to balance out the background current, and an output current, above background, is applied to an input of a strip chart recorder. For low level concentrations, i.e., low detected output current, the ionization potential will be at a maximum and the metastable ionization detector will operate at its most sensitive level. When the detected current from the metastable ionization detector increases above a predetermined threshold level, a voltage control circuit is activated which turns on a high voltage transistor which acts to reduce the ionization potential. The ionization potential applied to the metastable ionization detector is then varied so as to maintain the detected signal level constant. The variation in ionization potential is now related to the concentration fo the constituent and a representative amplitude is applied to another input of said strip chart recorder.

Carle, G. C.; Humphry, D. E.; Kojiro, D. R.

1985-08-27T23:59:59.000Z

440

Approved Module Information for CE2004, 2014/5 Module Title/Name: Transfer Processes Module Code: CE2004  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

tubes. Natural convection from pipes. Thermal radiation fundamentals, view factors, radiation exchange classes, directed reading, coursework exercises, tutorial support Module Assessment Methods of Assessment & associated weighting (including approaches to formative assessment as well as summative): Assessment Type

Neirotti, Juan Pablo

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "module sion cd" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Approved Module Information for CE2105, 2014/5 Module Title/Name: Process Simulation Module Code: CE2105  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the program to processes in chemicals manufacturing, power generation and petrochemical refining skills #12;* Ability to communicate effectively in writing and through technical diagrams * Problem reading, coursework exercises, tutorial support Module Assessment Methods of Assessment & associated

Neirotti, Juan Pablo

442

Approved Module Information for BH2239, 2014/5 Module Title/Name: Psychology and Work Module Code: BH2239  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

culture, climate, and change * Applying the Psychology of Work and Organizations The learning outcomes * Academic writing skills * Critical reasoning * Written and oral communication * Planning and organizing * Interpersonal discussion and communication Indicative Module Content: * Introduction to Work and Organizational

Neirotti, Juan Pablo

443

Microscale autonomous sensor and communications module  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Various technologies pertaining to a microscale autonomous sensor and communications module are described herein. Such a module includes a sensor that generates a sensor signal that is indicative of an environmental parameter. An integrated circuit receives the sensor signal and generates an output signal based at least in part upon the sensor signal. An optical emitter receives the output signal and generates an optical signal as a function of the output signal. An energy storage device is configured to provide power to at least the integrated circuit and the optical emitter, and wherein the module has a relatively small diameter and thickness.

Okandan, Murat; Nielson, Gregory N

2014-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

444

Amplitude modulation of wind turbine noise  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Due to swish and thump amplitude modulation, the noise of wind turbines cause more annoyance than other environmental noise of the same average level. The wind shear accounts for the thump modulation (van den Berg effect). Making use of the wind speed measurements at the hub height, as well as at the top and the bottom of the rotor disc (Fig.1), the non-standard wind profile is applied. It causes variations in the A-weighted sound pressure level, LpA. The difference between the maximum and minimum of LpA characterizes thump modulation (Fig.2).

Makarewicz, Rufin

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Manufacturing Process Optimization to Improve Stability, Yield and Efficiency of CdS/CdTe PV Devices: Final Report, December 2004 - January 2009  

SciTech Connect

The research by Colorado State University advances the understanding of device stability, efficiency, and process yield for CdTe PV devices.

Sampath, W. S.; Enzenroth, A.; Barth, K.

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Formation and optical properties of CdTe/ZnTe nanostructures with different CdTe thicknesses grown on Si (100) substrates  

SciTech Connect

Atomic force microscopy (AFM) and photoluminescence (PL) measurements were carried out to investigate the formation and the optical properties of CdTe/ZnTe nanostructures with various CdTe thicknesses grown on Si (100) substrates by using molecular beam epitaxy and atomic layer epitaxy. AFM images showed that uniform CdTe/ZnTe quantum dots with a CdTe layer thickness of 2.5 ML (monolayer) were formed on Si (100) substrates. The excitonic peaks corresponding to transitions from the ground electronic subband to the ground heavy-hole band in the CdTe/ZnTe nanostructures shifted to a lower energy with increasing thickness of the CdTe layer. The activation energies of the carriers confined in the CdTe/ZnTe nanostructures grown on Si (100) substrates were obtained from the temperature-dependent PL spectra. The present observations can help improve understanding of the formation and the optical properties in CdTe/ZnTe nanostructures with different CdTe thicknesses grown on Si (100) substrates.

Lee, H. S.; Park, H. L.; Lee, I.; Kim, T. W. [Department of Physics, Yonsei University, Seoul 120-749 (Korea, Republic of); Advanced Semiconductor Research Center, Division of Electronics and Computer Engineering, Hanyang University, 17 Haengdang-dong, Seongdong-gu, Seoul 133-791 (Korea, Republic of)

2007-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

447

Electrical Characterization of Cu Composition Effects in CdS/CdTe Thin-Film Solar Cells with a ZnTe:Cu Back Contact: Preprint  

SciTech Connect

We study the effects of Cu composition on the CdTe/ZnTe:Cu back contact and the bulk CdTe. For the back contact, its potential barrier decreases with Cu concentration while its saturation current density increases. For the bulk CdTe, the hole density increases with Cu concentration. We identify a Cu-related deep level at {approx}0.55 eV whose concentration is significant when the Cu concentration is high. The device performance, which initially increases with Cu concentration then decreases, reflects the interplay between the positive influences and negative influences (increasing deep levels in CdTe) of Cu.

Li, J. V.; Duenow, J. N.; Kuciauskas, D.; Kanevce, A.; Dhere, R. G.; Young, M. R.; Levi, D. H.

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Decay of electronic excitations in CdS and CdS/ZnS colloidal quantum dots: spectral and kinetic investigations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Using the spectral methods of induced absorption, luminescence, and photostimulated luminescence flash, we have experimentally investigated processes of decay of electronic excitations in CdS colloidal quantum...

M. S. Smirnov; D. I. Staselko; O. V. Ovchinnikov

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Effect of doping Fe and Si on electronic structure and optical Properties of CdS  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The geometrical structure, electronic properties and optical properties of CdS and M@CdS (M=Fe, Si) were studied systemically with first principles density functional theory. The band structure and density of states have been calculated to analyze the effect of the doping Fe and Si elements on the electronic properties and magnetic properties of CdS. The results show that all the conductive, magnetic and optical properties of CdS are changed by the doped elements. Both obvious and insignificant changes are found in some cases, which provide helpful guide for preparing doped CdS materials.

Yan-Xiao Han; Chuan-Lu Yang; Jun-Sheng Yang; Mei-Shan Wang; Xiao-Guang Ma

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

Cadmium sulfate and CdTe-quantum dots alter DNA repair in zebrafish (Danio rerio) liver cells  

SciTech Connect

Increasing use of quantum dots (QDs) makes it necessary to evaluate their toxicological impacts on aquatic organisms, since their contamination of surface water is inevitable. This study compares the genotoxic effects of ionic Cd versus CdTe nanocrystals in zebrafish hepatocytes. After 24 h of CdSO{sub 4} or CdTe QD exposure, zebrafish liver (ZFL) cells showed a decreased number of viable cells, an accumulation of Cd, an increased formation of reactive oxygen species (ROS), and an induction of DNA strand breaks. Measured levels of stress defense and DNA repair genes were elevated in both cases. However, removal of bulky DNA adducts by nucleotide excision repair (NER) was inhibited with CdSO{sub 4} but not with CdTe QDs. The adverse effects caused by acute exposure of CdTe QDs might be mediated through differing mechanisms than those resulting from ionic cadmium toxicity, and studying the effects of metallic components may be not enough to explain QD toxicities in aquatic organisms. - Highlights: Both CdSO{sub 4} and CdTe QDs lead to cell death and Cd accumulation. Both CdSO{sub 4} and CdTe QDs induce cellular ROS generation and DNA strand breaks. Both CdSO{sub 4} and CdTe QDs induce the expressions of stress defense and DNA repair genes. NER repair capacity was inhibited with CdSO{sub 4} but not with CdTe QDs.

Tang, Song; Cai, Qingsong [The Institute of Environmental and Human Health, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX 79416 (United States); Chibli, Hicham [Department of Biomedical Engineering, McGill University, Montral, QC H3A 2B4 (Canada); Allagadda, Vinay [The Institute of Environmental and Human Health, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX 79416 (United States); Nadeau, Jay L. [Department of Biomedical Engineering, McGill University, Montral, QC H3A 2B4 (Canada); Mayer, Gregory D., E-mail: greg.mayer@ttu.edu [The Institute of Environmental and Human Health, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX 79416 (United States)

2013-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

451

SHARP Physics Modules Updated | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Physics Modules Updated Physics Modules Updated SHARP Physics Modules Updated January 29, 2013 - 12:37pm Addthis PROTEUS Development The SHARP neutronics module, PROTEUS, includes neutron and gamma transport solvers, cross-section processing tools, and tools for depletion and fuel cycle analysis. Efforts in the second quarter focused on three major priorities: multi-physics integration, intermediate-fidelity tool development, and demonstrations of applicability. Integration of the second-order, discrete ordinates (Sn method) solver of PROTEUS with the latest version of the MOAB framework (which represents and evaluates mesh data) was initiated to enable its use for multi-physics analysis. With these updates, PROTEUS can obtain the mesh specification from the MOAB framework and store its data on the MOAB mesh representation so that MOAB

452

Photovoltaic module with removable wind deflector  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A photovoltaic (PV) module assembly including a PV module, a deflector, and a clip. The PV module includes a PV device and a frame. A PV laminate is assembled to the frame, and the frame includes a support arm forming a seat. The deflector defines a front face and a rear face, with the clip extending from either the trailing frame member or the rear face of the deflector. In a mounted state, the deflector is nested within the seat and is releasably mounted to the trailing frame member via the clip. In some embodiments, the support arm forms a second seat, with the PV module assembly providing a second mounted state in which the deflector is in a differing orientation/slope, nested within the second seat and releasably mounted to the trailing frame member via the clip.

Botkin, Jonathan; Graves, Simon; Danning, Matt; Culligan, Matthew

2014-02-18T23:59:59.000Z

453

Photovoltaic Module Reliability Workshop 2013 | Department of...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

and PV Evolutions Impact and Detection of Pyranometer Failure on PV Performance, D.C. Jordan and B. Sekulic of NREL Manufacturing Metrology for c-Si Module ReliabilityDurability,...

454

Superieur lichtbereik dankzij dubbele LED module  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

GC Europe introduceert een nieuw concept voor lichtuitharding. De GC G-Light heeft een LED module met twee typen dioden. Met een...GC G-Light een hoge lichtopbrengst voor het uitharden van dental...

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Photovoltaic Module Modeling using Simulink/Matlab  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper describes a method of modeling and simulation photovoltaic (PV) module that implemented in Simulink/Matlab. It is necessary to define a circuit-based simulation model for a PV cell in order to allow the interaction with a power converter. Characteristics of PV cells that are affected by irradiation and temperature are modeled by a circuit model. A simplified PV equivalent circuit with a diode equivalent is employed as model. The simulation results are compared with difference types of PV module datasheets. Its results indicated that the created simulation blocks in Simulink/matlab are similar to actual PV modules, compatible to different types of PV module and user-friendly.

Krismadinata; Nasrudin Abd. Rahim; Hew Wooi Ping; Jeyraj Selvaraj

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

Project Execution Plan Review Module (RM)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Project Execution Plan (PEP) Review Module (RM) is a tool that assists DOE federal project review teams in evaluating the adequacy of the PEP development and maintenance for projects of any...

457

Rack assembly for mounting solar modules  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A rack assembly is provided for mounting solar modules over an underlying body. The rack assembly may include a plurality of rail structures that are arrangeable over the underlying body to form an overall perimeter for the rack assembly. One or more retention structures may be provided with the plurality of rail structures, where each retention structure is configured to support one or more solar modules at a given height above the underlying body. At least some of the plurality of rail structures are adapted to enable individual rail structures to be sealed over the underlying body so as to constrain air flow underneath the solar modules. Additionally, at least one of (i) one or more of the rail structures, or (ii) the one or more retention structures are adjustable so as to adapt the rack assembly to accommodate solar modules of varying forms or dimensions.

Plaisted, Joshua Reed; West, Brian

2012-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

458

Rack assembly for mounting solar modules  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A rack assembly is provided for mounting solar modules over an underlying body. The rack assembly may include a plurality of rail structures that are arrangeable over the underlying body to form an overall perimeter for the rack assembly. One or more retention structures may be provided with the plurality of rail structures, where each retention structure is configured to support one or more solar modules at a given height above the underlying body. At least some of the plurality of rail structures are adapted to enable individual rail structures o be sealed over the underlying body so as to constrain air flow underneath the solar modules. Additionally, at least one of (i) one or more of the rail structures, or (ii) the one or more retention structures are adjustable so as to adapt the rack assembly to accommodate solar modules of varying forms or dimensions.

Plaisted, Joshua Reed (Oakland, CA); West, Brian (San Francisco, CA)

2010-12-28T23:59:59.000Z

459

Rack assembly for mounting solar modules  

SciTech Connect

A rack assembly is provided for mounting solar modules over an underlying body. The rack assembly may include a plurality of rail structures that are arrangeable over the underlying body to form an overall perimeter for the rack assembly. One or more retention structures may be provided with the plurality of rail structures, where each retention structure is configured to support one or more solar modules at a given height above the underlying body. At least some of the plurality of rail structures are adapted to enable individual rail structures o be sealed over the underlying body so as to constrain air flow underneath the solar modules. Additionally, at least one of (i) one or more of the rail structures, or (ii) the one or more retention structures are adjustable so as to adapt the rack assembly to accommodate solar modules of varying forms or dimensions.

Plaisted, Joshua Reed; West, Brian

2014-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

460

Laborlandschaft : redesigning the industrial laboratory module  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis proposes to redesign the industrial pharmaceutical laboratory typology by rethinking the composition of the laboratory module; the smallest functional sub-unit of the laboratory type. The design for this thesis ...

Farley, Alexander H. (Alexander Hamilton)

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "module sion cd" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Order Module--NNSA OCCUPATIONAL RADIATION PROTECTION  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The familiar level of this module is designed to provide the basic information to meet the requirements that are related to 10 CFR 835, Occupational Radiation Protection, in the following DOE...

462

Order Module--RADIATION PROTECTION PROGRAMS GUIDE  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The familiar level of this module is designed to provide the basic information related to DOEG 441.1-1C, Radiation Protection Programs Guide, as required in DOE-STD-1174-2003, Radiation Protection...

463

Optimal design of reverse osmosis module networks  

SciTech Connect

The structure of individual reverse osmosis modules, the configuration of the module network, and the operating conditions were optimized for seawater and brackish water desalination. The system model included simple mathematical equations to predict the performance of the reverse osmosis modules. The optimization problem was formulated as a constrained multivariable nonlinear optimization. The objective function was the annual profit for the system, consisting of the profit obtained from the permeate, capital cost for the process units, and operating costs associated with energy consumption and maintenance. Optimization of several dual-stage reverse osmosis systems were investigated and compared. It was found that optimal network designs are the ones that produce the most permeate. It may be possible to achieve economic improvements by refining current membrane module designs and their operating pressures.

Maskan, F.; Wiley, D.E.; Johnston, L.P.M.; Clements, D.J.

2000-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Photovolatic effect in CdS-Cu2S heterojunctions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The current-voltage characteristic of CdS-Cu2S solar cells is analyzed in terms of the contributing physical effects. In Cu2S it is minority-carrier generation and diffusion, in CdS it is a Schottky barrier layer with sliding boundary conditions, nj(j), and the development of high-field domains which control the current. These domains are responsible for current saturation, but they may also limit the current to a value below the one which can be supplied from Cu2S, hence they present a ceiling for the observed short-circuit current. The given model is in satisfactory agreement with several experimental observations not previously understood.

K. W. Ber

1976-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

465

Charge transport properties of CdMnTe radiation detectors  

SciTech Connect

Growth, fabrication and characterization of indium-doped cadmium manganese telluride (CdMnTe)radiation detectors have been described. Alpha-particle spectroscopy measurements and time resolved current transient measurements have yielded an average charge collection efficiency approaching 100 %. Spatially resolved charge collection efficiency maps have been produced for a range of detector bias voltages. Inhomogeneities in the charge transport of the CdMnTe crystals have been associated with chains of tellurium inclusions within the detector bulk. Further, it has been shown that the role of tellurium inclusions in degrading chargecollection is reduced with increasing values of bias voltage. The electron transit time was determined from time of flight measurements. From the dependence of drift velocity on applied electric field the electron mobility was found to be n = (718 55) cm2/Vs at room temperature.

Kim K.; Rafiel, R.; Boardman, M.; Reinhard, I.; Sarbutt, A.; Watt, G.; Watt, C.; Uxa, S.; Prokopovich, D.A.; Belas, E.; Bolotnikov, A.E.; James, R.B.

2012-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

466

High Spin Spectroscopy and Shape Evolution in 105Cd  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

High spin states in 105Cd were studied using 16O beam on 92Mo reaction at an incident beam energy of 75 MeV. The level scheme of 105Cd has been observed up to an excitation energy of 10.8 MeV with the addition of 30 new gamma transitions to the previous work. Spin and parity for most of the reported levels are assigned from the DCO ratios and linear polarization measurements. The microscopic origin of the investigated band structures is discussed in the context of triaxial projected shell model. The energies of observed positive and negative parity bands agree with the predictions of the TPSM by considering triaxial deformation for the observed excited band structures. The shape evolution with increasing angular momentum is explained in the framework of Cranked Shell Model and the Total Routhian Surface calculations.

Raju, M Kumar; Muralithar, S; Singh, R P; Sheikh, J A; Bhat, G H; Kumar, R; Bala, Indu; Trivedi, T; Dhal, A; Rani, K; Gurjar, R; Singh, D; Palit, R; Naidu, B S; Saha, S; Sethi, J; Donthi, R; Jadhav, S

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

Characterization of isothermal vapor phase epitaxial (Hg,Cd)Te  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We report on the characterization of mercury cadmium telluride (Hg 1?x Cd x Te) film grown by the isothermal vapor phase epitaxial method (ISOVPE) and on the surface conversion of bulk Hg 1?xCd x Te to larger bandgap material. The crystal perfection is evaluated using defect etching electron beam and electrolyte electroreflectance (EBER and EER) and Rutherford backscattering spectrometry (RBS). Hall measurements are used to measure carrier densities and mobilities. Surface concentrations and concentration profiles are measured for the ISOVPE grown layers by transmission Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and electron?probe microanalysis (EPMA) to establish quantitative informations about composition control. Metalinsulator?semiconductor (MIS) structures were made and the properties important to device performance such as compositional uniformity storage time and carrier concentration are measured. The ISOVPE layers are compared in quality to films grown by other methods and show promise for MIS devices.

S. B. Lee; L. K. Magel; M. F. S. Tang; D. A. Stevenson; J. H. Tregilgas; M. W. Goodwin; R. L. Strong

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Point Defect Characterization in CdZnTe  

SciTech Connect

Measurements of the defect levels and performance testing of CdZnTe detectors were performed by means of Current Deep Level Transient Spectroscopy (I-DLTS), Transient Charge Technique (TCT), Current versus Voltage measurements (I-V), and gamma-ray spectroscopy. CdZnTe crystals were acquired from different commercial vendors and characterized for their point defects. I-DLTS studies included measurements of defect parameters such as energy levels in the band gap, carrier capture cross sections, and defect densities. The induced current due to laser-generated carriers was measured using TCT. The data were used to determine the transport properties of the detectors under study. A good correlation was found between the point defects in the detectors and their performance.

Gul,R.; Li, Z.; Bolotnikov, A.; Keeter, K.; Rodriguez, R.; James, R.

2009-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

469

Band crossing in a shears band of {sup 108}Cd  

SciTech Connect

The level lifetimes have been measured for a shears band of {sup 108}Cd that exhibits band crossing. The observed level energies and B(M1) rates have been successfully described by a semiclassical geometric model based on shear mechanism. In this geometric model, the band crossing in the shears band has been described as the reopening of the angle between the blades of a shear.

Roy, Santosh; Datta, Pradip; Pal, S.; Chattopadhyay, S.; Bhattacharya, S.; Goswami, A.; Jain, H. C.; Joshi, P. K.; Bhowmik, R. K.; Kumar, R.; Muralithar, S.; Singh, R. P.; Madhavan, N.; Rao, P. V. Madhusudhana [S. N. Bose National Centre for Basic Sciences. Block JD, Sector III, Saltlake City, Kolkata 700098 (India); iThemba Labs, Post Office Box 722, Somerset West 7129 (South Africa); Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics, 1/AF Bidhannager Kolkata, 700 064 (India); Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Homi Bhabha Road, Mumbai 400 005 (India); Inter University Accelerator Center, Aruna Asaf Ali Marg, New Delhi 110 067 (India); Department of Physics, Andra University, Visakhapatnam 530 003 (India)

2010-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

470

Photoluminescence upconversion in colloidal CdTe quantum dots  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Efficient photoluminescence (PL) up-conversion has been observed in colloidal CdTe quantum dots with an energy gain of as high as 360 meV. Compared with the normal PL, the peak energy of this up-converted PL (UCPL) shows a redshift of about 80 meV, and the corresponding radiative lifetime becomes nearly twice as long. This UCPL is attributed to the carrier recombination involving surface states mainly through a thermal excitation process.

Xiaoyong Wang; W. William Yu; Jiayu Zhang; Jose Aldana; Xiaogang Peng; Min Xiao

2003-09-22T23:59:59.000Z

471

Algebraic Characters for Harish-Chandra modules  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We give a purely cohomological treatment of a character theory for (g,K)-modules. This leads to a beautiful formalism extending to large categories of (g,K)-modules. Due to results of Hecht-Schmid and Vogan the classical results of Harish-Chandra's global character theory extend to this setting. This algebraic approach reduces (not necessarily admissible) discretely decomposable branching problems to finiteness statements about multiplicities of composition factors and appropriate character formulas.

Januszewski, Fabian

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

IR spectroscopy of lattice vibrations and comparative analysis of the ZnTe/CdTe quantum-dot superlattices on the GaAs substrate and with the ZnTe and CdTe buffer layers  

SciTech Connect

A comparative analysis of multiperiod ZnTe/CdTe superlattices with the CdTe quantum dots grown by molecular beam epitaxy on the GaAs substrate with the ZnTe and CdTe buffer layers is carried out. The elastic-stress-induced shifts of eigenfrequencies of the modes of the CdTe- and ZnTe-like vibrations of materials forming similar superlattices but grown on different buffer ZnTe and CdTe layers are compared. The conditions of formation of quantum dots in the ZnTe/CdTe superlattices on the ZnTe and CdTe buffer layers differ radically.

Kozyrev, S. P. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Lebedev Institute of Physics (Russian Federation)], E-mail: skozyrev@sci.lebedev.ru

2009-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

473

Quantifying electron-phonon coupling in CdTe12xSex nanocrystals via coherent phonon manipulation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Quantifying electron-phonon coupling in CdTe12xSex nanocrystals via coherent phonon manipulation B to manipulate coherent phonon excitation and quantify the strength of electron-phonon coupling in CdTe1?xSex nanocrystals (NCs). Raman active CdSe and CdTe longitudinal optical phonon (LO) modes are excited and probed

Xu, Xianfan

474

A SMALL PORTABLE DETECTOR HEAD USING MIS-CONTACTED CdTe FOR X-RAY SPECTROMETRY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

339 A SMALL PORTABLE DETECTOR HEAD USING MIS-CONTACTED CdTe FOR X-RAY SPECTROMETRY P. EICHINGER for semiconductor radiation detectors is discussed. A versatile head consisting of a 2 mm thick, 10 mm diameter CdTe and its applica- tion to CdTe and CdS has already been published [2, 3], but because of the many

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

475

Micron-Resolution Photocurrent of CdTe Solar Cells Using Multiple Wavelengths Jason F. Hiltner1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Micron-Resolution Photocurrent of CdTe Solar Cells Using Multiple Wavelengths Jason F. Hiltner1 variations in the quantum efficiency near the CdTe band gap, which track intermixing of Cd wavelengths with energies near and slightly below the CdTe band gap (1.5 eV) to be used. Temperature tuning

Sites, James R.

476

Design and Investigation of Micro-Patterned Injection-Moulded Polymer Substrates for Use in CD-based Microfluidics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-based Microfluidics for Cell Manipulation ICOMM/4M 2010 No. 63 D. Trifonov1 , K. Kostadinov2 , M. Al-Wahab3 , V. Kotev MOULDING AND CD - BASED MICROFLUIDIC DEVICES Micro- and nanostructures can be replicated on polymer- devices like CD microfluidic platform for Bio-MEMS applications, Lab-on-a-CD, CD centrifugal mi

Mustakerov, Ivan

477

Reference Materials Available on CD-ROM The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)/National Center for Environmental  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Reference Materials Available on CD-ROM The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)/National Center for Environmental Health has released a CD-ROM of three reference publications: Healthy Housing available at http://www.cdc.gov/nceh/ehs/Pictorial_Keys.htm. Where to Get a Copy of the CD-ROM The CD-ROM

478

DOE special projects: PLACE3S GIS MODULE [Final report  

SciTech Connect

PLACE3S (PLAnning for Community Energy, Economic and Environmental Sustainability) energy option matching module.

NONE

2002-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

479

Contractive and completely contractive modules, matricial tangent vectors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Contractive and completely contractive modules, matricial tangent vectors and distance decreasing a finite dimensional Hilbert module over H() and that the module is contractive if and only if C, (v tensor product norm then again the module is contractive if and only if V is less or equal to one

Misra, Gadadhar

480

UF/IFAS ExtEnSIon SaraSota County  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Spriggs - Community & School Gardens Coordinator regional team Stephen Futch ­ Citrus John Stevely ­ Sea

Jawitz, James W.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "module sion cd" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Generation of CD8+ and CD4+ T-Cell Response to Dendritic Cells Genetically Engineered to Express the MART-1/Melan-A Gene  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...response to melanoma antigen in cancer patients. Of particular interest is the observation of Yee et al. (4). These investi gators have shown that tyrosinase-specific CD8+ CTL responses and CD4+ T-cell responses can be found in the same melanoma patients...

Ainhoa Prez-Dez; Lisa H. Butterfield; Li Li; Nitya G. Chakraborty; James S. Economou; Bijay Mukherji

1998-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

Selective Depletion of CD4+CD25+Foxp3+ Regulatory T Cells by Low-Dose Cyclophosphamide Is Explained by Reduced Intracellular ATP Levels  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...adenyl cyclase 9, which converts ATP to cAMP (23) and express a much higher level...Returned Scholars, the Program for New Century Excellent Talents in University (NCET-08-0219...Lei Z, et al. miR-142-3p restricts cAMP production in CD4+CD25- T cells and...

Jie Zhao; Yuchun Cao; Zhang Lei; Zhuoshun Yang; Biao Zhang; and Bo Huang

2010-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

483

Imaging the Photoionization of Individual CdSe/CdS Core-Shell Nanocrystals on n-and p-Type Silicon Substrates with Thin Oxides  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Imaging the Photoionization of Individual CdSe/CdS Core-Shell Nanocrystals on n- and p-Type Silicon a metalized local probe tip and a conducting ground plane. We use a doped crystalline Si wafer as the ground

Chen, Liwei

484

Spin-Cast Deposition of CdSe-CdS Core-Shell Colloidal Quantum Dots on Doped GaAs Substrates: Structural and Optical Characterization  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The detailed study of the effects of spin recipe and GaAs substrate doping (i.e., semi-insulating, n-type, or p-type) on the structural and optical properties of spin-cast CdSe-CdS core-shell CQDs provides insight into the surface adsorption and charge ... Keywords: Charge transfer, colloidal quantum dots, hybrid junctions, photoluminescence

A. D. Stiff-Roberts; Wanming Zhang; Jian Xu; Hongying Peng; H. O. Everitt

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

Notch1 Inhibition Alters the CD44hi/CD24lo Population and Reduces the Formation of Brain Metastases from Breast Cancer  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...CD44hi/CD24lo cells (P 0.05; Kruskal-Wallis). To assess the effect of gamma-secretase...untreated mice (P = 0.011, Kruskal-Wallis). Notch1 knockdown reduced...untransfected cells (P 0.001; Kruskal-Wallis). These data suggest that the...

Patricia M. McGowan; Carmen Simedrea; Emeline J. Ribot; Paula J. Foster; Diane Palmieri; Patricia S. Steeg; Alison L. Allan; Ann F. Chambers

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

Microsoft PowerPoint - FinalModule3.ppt  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

3: Project Scheduling 3: Project Scheduling Prepared by: Module 3 - Project Scheduling 1 Prepared by: Booz Allen Hamilton Module 3: Project Scheduling Welcome to Module 3. The objective of this module is to introduce you to Project Scheduling. The Topics that will be addressed in this Module include: * Define Planning vs. Scheduling * Define and Illustrate Basic Scheduling Concepts * Define Logic Relationships and Critical Path * Define and Illustrate Different Schedule Formats Module 3 - Project Scheduling 2 Prepared by: Booz Allen Hamilton Review of Previous Modules Let's quickly review what has been covered in the previous modules. * In Module 1 we introduced you to earned value and the requirements for properly implementing an earned value management system (EVMS). * In Module 2 we discussed

487

Microsoft PowerPoint - FinalModule8.ppt  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

8: Reporting 8: Reporting Prepared by: Module 8 - Reporting 1 Prepared by: Booz Allen Hamilton Module 8: Government Required Reports Welcome to Module 8. The objective of this module is to introduce you to Government required reports. The Topics that will be addressed in this Module include: * Define Cost Performance Report (CPR) * Define Cost/Schedule Status Report (C/SSR) Module 8 - Reporting 2 Prepared by: Booz Allen Hamilton Review of Previous Modules In the previous seven modules, we discussed the framework needed to perform Earned Value and develop an Earned Value Management System (EVMS). * In Module 1 we introduced you to earned value and the requirements for properly implementing an earned value management system (EVMS) * In Module 2 we discussed the development of the work breakdown structure

488

Thin Metal Oxide Films to Modify a Window Layer in CdTe-Based Solar Cells for Improved Performance  

SciTech Connect

We report on CdS/CdTe photovoltaic devices that contain a thin Ta2O5 film deposited onto the CdS window layer by sputtering. We show that for thicknesses below 5 nm, Ta2O5 films between CdS and CdTe positively affect the solar cell performance, improving JSC, VOC, and the cell power conversion efficiency despite the insulating nature of the interlayer material. Using the Ta2O5 interlayer, a VOC gain of over 100 mV was demonstrated compared to a CdTe/CdS baseline. Application of a 1nm Ta2O5 interlayer enabled the fabrication of CdTe solar cells with extremely thin (less than 30 nm) CdS window layers. The efficiency of these cells exceeded that of a base line cell with 95 nm of CdS.

Lemmon, John P.; Polikarpov, Evgueni; Bennett, Wendy D.; Kovarik, Libor

2012-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

489

Electrolyte electroreflectance study of laser annealing effects on the CdTe/Hg0.8Cd0.2Te (111) system  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We have investigated the effects of laser annealing on the CdTe/Hg0.8Cd0.2Te?(111) system by measuring the electrolyte electroreflectance (EER) spectra from both the CdTe layer as well as the interface region. The sample was a Hg0.8Cd0.2Te?(111) single crystal with a 500??thick polycrystallineCdTefilmdeposited on it; a section of the interface was annealed using the neodymium: yttrium aluminum garnet (Nd:YAG) laser 1.06??m line. Our observations indicate the presence of strain due to lattice mismatch at the interface; laser annealing relieves this strain. In addition the annealing also causes the diffusion of Hg ions from the interfacial region into the passivant layer. The changes in the line shapes of the EER spectra also show an improvement in the crystalline quality of the passivant layer.

P. M. Amirtharaj; Fred H. Pollak; J. R. Waterman; P. R. Boyd

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

Development of a commercial photovoltaic concentrator module  

SciTech Connect

The ojective of this work was to develop the design and prototype of a commercial high-concentration photovoltaic (PV) module. The design is for a 282-sun point-focus concentrating module. Most of the components, subassemblies, and design features incorporate simplifications and ease of manufacturing. The Solar Kinetics, Inc. (SKI) module is designed to incorporate high-efficiency, single-crystal silicon PV cells. The housing is made with aluminum laminated for voltage stand-off and simultaneously providing high thermal conductivity. The Fresnel lens injection molded by American Optical (AO) as singles. The cell assembly consists of a copper heat spreader, a photovoltaic cell soldered, a top and bottom contact, and a reflective secondary optical element (SOE). The cell assemblies passed all of the initial electrical characterization and high-potential tests. Under environmental cycling, the only bond that failed was the PV cell-to-heat spreader interface. The other components (top contact, bottom contact, SOE) passed all the environmental cycling tests. The cell assemblies were designed to be mounted onto the receiver section with a thermally conductive RTV. This geometry was subjected to environmental testing. There was no delamination of this bond nor was there electrical breakdown when the assemblies were subjected to the hi-pot test. A mock module was fabricated for environmental evaluation. This module was subjected to the humidity/freeze cycling to assess the performance of the lens mounting design. This module was also subjected to the rain test after the humidity/freeze cycling and checked for water leaks. The lens showed small displacement from its original position after the environmental cycling. One tablespoon of water did collect inside the module.

Saifee, S.T.; Hutchison, G. [Solar Kinetics, Inc., Dallas, TX (United States)

1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

Three dimensional, multi-chip module  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A plurality of multi-chip modules are stacked and bonded around the perimeter by sold-bump bonds to adjacent modules on, for instance, three sides of the perimeter. The fourth side can be used for coolant distribution, for more interconnect structures, or other features, depending on particular design considerations of the chip set. The multi-chip modules comprise a circuit board, having a planarized interconnect structure formed on a first major surface, and integrated circuit chips bonded to the planarized interconnect surface. Around the periphery of each circuit board, long, narrow dummy chips'' are bonded to the finished circuit board to form a perimeter wall. The wall is higher than any of the chips on the circuit board, so that the flat back surface of the board above will only touch the perimeter wall. Module-to-module interconnect is laser-patterned on the sides of the boards and over the perimeter wall in the same way and at the same time that chip to board interconnect may be laser-patterned.

Bernhardt, A.F.; Petersen, R.W.

1993-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

492

Three dimensional, multi-chip module  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A plurality of multi-chip modules are stacked and bonded around the perimeter by sold-bump bonds to adjacent modules on, for instance, three sides of the perimeter. The fourth side can be used for coolant distribution, for more interconnect structures, or other features, depending on particular design considerations of the chip set. The multi-chip modules comprise a circuit board, having a planarized interconnect structure formed on a first major surface, and integrated circuit chips bonded to the planarized interconnect surface. Around the periphery of each circuit board, long, narrow "dummy chips" are bonded to the finished circuit board to form a perimeter wall. The wall is higher than any of the chips on the circuit board, so that the flat back surface of the board above will only touch the perimeter wall. Module-to-module interconnect is laser-patterned o the sides of the boards and over the perimeter wall in the same way and at the same time that chip to board interconnect may be laser-patterned.

Bernhardt, Anthony F. (Berkeley, CA); Petersen, Robert W. (Pleasanton, CA)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

First-principles study of ground-and excited-state properties of MgO, ZnO, and CdO polymorphs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to be clarified: While the band gaps of the common-cation systems CdTe, CdSe, CdS, and CdO show an increase of the fundamental gap along the decreas- ing anion size until CdS, the value for CdO is smaller than that of CdS.7 the difficulty to achieve its p-type doping. Nevertheless, the potential of ZnO for optoelectronics1 but also

Schleife, André

494

Pulsed laser deposition of Mn doped CdSe quantum dots for improved solar cell performance  

SciTech Connect

In this work, we demonstrate (1) a facile method to prepare Mn doped CdSe quantum dots (QDs) on Zn{sub 2}SnO{sub 4} photoanodes by pulsed laser deposition and (2) improved device performance of quantum dot sensitized solar cells of the Mn doped QDs (CdSe:Mn) compared to the undoped QDs (CdSe). The band diagram of photoanode Zn{sub 2}SnO{sub 4} and sensitizer CdSe:Mn QD is proposed based on the incident-photon-to-electron conversion efficiency (IPCE) data. Mn-modified band structure leads to absorption at longer wavelengths than the undoped CdSe QDs, which is due to the exchange splitting of the CdSe:Mn conduction band by the Mn dopant. Three-fold increase in the IPCE efficiency has also been observed for the Mn doped samples.

Dai, Qilin; Wang, Wenyong, E-mail: wwang5@uwyo.edu, E-mail: jtang2@uwyo.edu; Tang, Jinke, E-mail: wwang5@uwyo.edu, E-mail: jtang2@uwyo.edu [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Wyoming, Laramie, Wyoming 82071 (United States); Sabio, Erwin M. [Department of Chemistry, University of Wyoming, Laramie, Wyoming 82071 (United States)

2014-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

495

EE&RE, Session: CdTe - Progress and Roadmap Alignment (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect

This project supports the Solar America Initiative by: (1) assistance to SAI Incubators (Primestar Solar, AvA Solar); (2) providing industry with baseline understanding of CdS/CdTe device formation and reliability--incorporation of low-cost, high quality TCOs, functionality and options for buffer layers, effect of various CdS options, effect of and importance CdSTe alloy formation, effect and options for CdCl{sub 2} treatment, effect and options for back contact, and effect of residual impurities during all stages of device formation; (3) understanding modes and mechanisms of cell-level stability; and (4) establishment of CdTe PDIL Tool for rapid material and process screening.

Gessert, T.

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

496

Approved Module Information for EC211C, 2014/5 Module Title/Name: Estimation, Measurement & Scheduling Module Code: EC211C  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

practice and scheduling using planning and control tools and techniques to evaluate students? own work & Scheduling Module Code: EC211C School: Engineering and Applied Science Module Type: Standard Module New and practices of construction scheduling; * To develop an understanding of cost and time in construction

Neirotti, Juan Pablo

497

electricity market module region | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

342 342 Varnish cache server Browse Upload data GDR 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load) Throttled (bot load) Guru Meditation: XID: 2142281342 Varnish cache server electricity market module region Dataset Summary Description This dataset comes from the Energy Information Administration (EIA), and is part of the 2011 Annual Energy Outlook Report (AEO2011). Source EIA Date Released April 26th, 2011 (3 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords AEO Electricity electricity market module region generation capacity Data application/vnd.ms-excel icon AEO2011: Electricity Generation Capacity by Electricity Market Module Region and Source- Reference Case (xls, 10.6 KiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Peer Reviewed Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Annually

498

Siemens SOFC Test Article and Module Design  

SciTech Connect

Preliminary design studies of the 95 kWe-class SOFC test article continue resulting in a stack architecture of that is 1/3 of 250 kWe-class SOFC advanced module. The 95 kWeclass test article is envisioned to house 20 bundles (eight cells per bundle) of Delta8 cells with an active length of 100 cm. Significant progress was made in the conceptual design of the internal recirculation loop. Flow analyses were initiated in order to optimize the bundle row length for the 250 kWeclass advanced module. A preferred stack configuration based on acceptable flow and thermal distributions was identified. Potential module design and analysis issues associated with pressurized operation were identified.

None

2011-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

499

Module level solutions to solar cell polarization  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A solar cell module includes interconnected solar cells, a transparent cover over the front sides of the solar cells, and a backsheet on the backsides of the solar cells. The solar cell module includes an electrical insulator between the transparent cover and the front sides of the solar cells. An encapsulant protectively packages the solar cells. To prevent polarization, the insulator has resistance suitable to prevent charge from leaking from the front sides of the solar cells to other portions of the solar cell module by way of the transparent cover. The insulator may be attached (e.g., by coating) directly on an underside of the transparent cover or be a separate layer formed between layers of the encapsulant. The solar cells may be back junction solar cells.

Xavier, Grace (Fremont, CA), Li; Bo (San Jose, CA)

2012-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

500

Low thermal resistance power module assembly  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A power module assembly with low thermal resistance and enhanced heat dissipation to a cooling medium. The assembly includes a heat sink or spreader plate with passageways or openings for coolant that extend through the plate from a lower surface to an upper surface. A circuit substrate is provided and positioned on the spreader plate to cover the coolant passageways. The circuit substrate includes a bonding layer configured to extend about the periphery of each of the coolant passageways and is made up of a substantially nonporous material. The bonding layer may be solder material which bonds to the upper surface of the plate to provide a continuous seal around the upper edge of each opening in the plate. The assembly includes power modules mounted on the circuit substrate on a surface opposite the bonding layer. The power modules are positioned over or proximal to the coolant passageways.

Hassani, Vahab (Denver, CO); Vlahinos, Andreas (Castle Rock, CO); Bharathan, Desikan (Arvada, CO)

2007-03-13T23:59:59.000Z