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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "modified energy factor" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Optimization Online - Directed modified Cholesky factorizations and ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This must holds with full mathematical rigor, although the computations are done in floating-point arithmetic. Similarly, a directed modified Cholesky factorization ...

Ferenc Domes

2

Growth factor parametrization and modified gravity  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The growth rate of matter perturbation and the expansion rate of the Universe can be used to distinguish modified gravity and dark energy models in explaining the cosmic acceleration. The growth rate is parametrized by the growth index {gamma}. We discuss the dependence of {gamma} on the matter energy density {omega} and its current value {omega}{sub 0} for a more accurate approximation of the growth factor. The observational data, including the data of the growth rate, are used to fit different models. The data strongly disfavor the Dvali-Gabadadze-Porrati model. For the dark energy model with a constant equation of state, we find that {omega}{sub 0}=0.27{+-}0.02 and w=-0.97{+-}0.09. For the {lambda}CDM model, we find that {gamma}=0.64{sub -0.15}{sup +0.17}. For the Dvali-Gabadadze-Porrati model, we find that {gamma}=0.55{sub -0.13}{sup +0.14}.

Gong Yungui [College of Mathematics and Physics, Chongqing University of Posts and Telecommunications, Chongqing 400065 (China)

2008-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

3

Directed modified Cholesky factorizations and convex quadratic ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Jul 3, 2014 ... done in floating-point arithmetic. Domes & Neumaier [1] presented two methods for obtaining a directed. Cholesky factorization. The method ...

2014-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

4

Cosmological Acceleration: Dark Energy or Modified Gravity?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We review the evidence for recently accelerating cosmological expansion or "dark energy", either a negative pressure constituent in General Relativity (Dark Energy) or modified gravity (Dark Gravity), without any Dark Energy constituent. If constituent Dark Energy does not exist, so that our universe is now dominated by pressure-free matter, Einstein gravity must be modified at low curvature. The vacuum symmetry of any Robertson-Walker universe then characterizes Dark Gravity as low- or high-curvature modifications of Einstein gravity. The dynamics of either kind of "dark energy" cannot be derived from the homogeneous expansion alone, but requires also observing the growth of inhomogeneities. Present and projected observations are all consistent with a small fine tuned cosmological constant, with nearly static Dark Energy, or with gravity modified at cosmological scales. The growth of cosmological fluctuations will potentially distinguish static "dark energy" from dynamic "dark energy" with equation of state $w(z)$ either changing rapidly or tracking the background matter. But to cosmologically distinguish $\\Lambda$CDM from modified gravity will require a weak lensing shear survey more ambitious than any now projected. Dvali-Gabadadze-Porrati modifications of Einstein gravity may also be detected in refined bservations in the solar system or at the intermediate Vainstein scale. Dark Energy's epicyclic character, failure to explain the original Cosmic Coincidence ("Why now?") without fine tuning, inaccessibility to laboratory or solar system tests, along with braneworld theories, now motivate future precision solar system, Vainstein-scale and cosmological-scale studies of Dark Gravity.

Sidney Bludman

2006-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

5

Differentiating dark energy and modified gravity with galaxy redshift surveys  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The observed cosmic acceleration today could be due to an unknown energy component (dark energy), or a modification to general relativity (modified gravity). If dark energy models and modified gravity models are required to predict the same cosmic expansion history H(z), they will predict different growth rates for cosmic large scale structure, fg(z). If gravity is not modified, the measured H(z) leads to a unique prediction for fg(z), fgH(z), if dark energy and dark matter are separate. Comparing fgH(z) with the measured fg(z) provides a transparent and straightforward test of gravity. We show that a simple ?2 test provides a general figure of merit for our ability to distinguish between dark energy and modified gravity given the measured H(z) and fg(z). We find that a magnitude-limited NIR galaxy redshift survey covering >10?000 (deg)2 and a redshift range of 0.5zH(z) to 1–2% accuracy via baryon acoustic oscillation measurements, and fg(z) to the accuracy of a few per cent via the measurement of redshift-space distortions and the bias factor which describes how light traces mass. We show that if the H(z) data are fitted by both a DGP gravity model and an equivalent dark energy model that predict the same H(z), a survey area of 11?931 (deg)2 is required to rule out the DGP gravity model at the 99.99% confidence level. It is feasible for such a galaxy redshift survey to be carried out by the next generation space missions from NASA and ESA, and it will revolutionize our understanding of the universe by differentiating between dark energy and modified gravity.

Yun Wang

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

Differentiating dark energy and modified gravity with galaxy redshift surveys  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The observed cosmic acceleration today could be due to an unknown energy component (dark energy), or a modification to general relativity (modified gravity). If dark energy models and modified gravity models are required to predict the same cosmic expansion history H(z), they will predict different growth rate for cosmic large scale structure, f_g(z)=d\\ln \\delta/d\\ln a (\\delta=(\\rho_m-\\bar{\\rho_m})/\\bar{\\rho_m}), a is the cosmic scale factor). If gravity is not modified, the measured H(z) leads to a unique prediction for f_g(z), f_g^H(z). Comparing f_g^H(z) with the measured f_g(z) provides a transparent and straightforward test of gravity. We show that a simple \\chi^2 test provides a general figure-of-merit for our ability to distinguish between dark energy and modified gravity given the measured H(z) and f_g(z). We study a magnitude-limited NIR galaxy redshift survey covering >10,000 (deg)^2 and the redshift range of 0.5dark energy model that predict the same expansion history, a survey area of 11,931 (deg)^2 is required to rule out the DGP gravity model at the 99.99% confidence level. It is feasible for such a galaxy redshift survey to be carried out by the next generation space missions from NASA and ESA, and it will revolutionize our understanding of the universe by differentiating between dark energy and modified gravity.

Yun Wang

2007-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

7

Will multiple probes of dark energy find modified gravity?  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

One of the most pressing issues in cosmology is whether general relativity (GR) plus a dark sector is the underlying physical theory or whether a modified gravity model is needed. Upcoming dark energy experiments designed to probe dark energy with multiple methods can address this question by comparing the results of the different methods in constraining dark energy parameters. Disagreement would signal the breakdown of the assumed model (GR plus dark energy). We study the power of this consistency test by projecting constraints in the w{sub 0}-w{sub a} plane from the four different techniques of the Dark Energy Survey in the event that the underlying true model is modified gravity. We find that the standard technique of looking for overlap has some shortcomings, and we propose an alternative, more powerful Multidimensional Consistency Test. We introduce the methodology for projecting whether a given experiment will be able to use this test to distinguish a modified gravity model from GR.

Shapiro, Charles [Institute of Cosmology and Gravitation, Portsmouth, PO1 3FX (United Kingdom); Dodelson, Scott [Center for Particle Astrophysics, Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, Batavia, Illinois 60510 (United States); Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60637 (United States); Kavli Institute for Cosmological Physics, Chicago, Illinois 60637 (United States); Hoyle, Ben [Institut de Ciencies del Cosmos, Barcelona (Spain); Samushia, Lado [Institute of Cosmology and Gravitation, Portsmouth, PO1 3FX (United Kingdom); National Abastumani Astrophysical Observatory, Ilia State University, 2A Kazbegi Ave, GE-0160 Tbilisi (Georgia); Flaugher, Brenna [Center for Particle Astrophysics, Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, Batavia, Illinois 60510 (United States)

2010-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

8

Will multiple probes of dark energy find modified gravity?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

One of the most pressing issues in cosmology is whether general relativity (GR) plus a dark sector is the underlying physical theory or whether a modified gravity model is needed. Upcoming dark energy experiments designed to probe dark energy with multiple methods can address this question by comparing the results of the different methods in constraining dark energy parameters. Disagreement would signal the breakdown of the assumed model (GR plus dark energy). We study the power of this consistency test by projecting constraints in the w0-wa plane from the four different techniques of the Dark Energy Survey in the event that the underlying true model is modified gravity. We find that the standard technique of looking for overlap has some shortcomings, and we propose an alternative, more powerful Multidimensional Consistency Test. We introduce the methodology for projecting whether a given experiment will be able to use this test to distinguish a modified gravity model from GR.

Charles Shapiro; Scott Dodelson; Ben Hoyle; Lado Samushia; Brenna Flaugher

2010-08-17T23:59:59.000Z

9

Heat Shock Factor 1 Is a Powerful Multifaceted Modifier of Carcinogenesis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Heat Shock Factor 1 Is a Powerful Multifaceted Modifier of Carcinogenesis Chengkai Dai,1 Luke: lindquist_admin@wi.mit.edu DOI 10.1016/j.cell.2007.07.020 SUMMARY Heat shock factor 1 (HSF1) is the master regula- tor of the heat shock response in eukaryotes, a very highly conserved protective mechanism. HSF1

Lindquist, Susan

10

Nevada Application Modify Water Right | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Nevada Application Modify Water Right Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Form: Nevada Application Modify Water Right Abstract Requires to modify...

11

Modified GBIG Scenario as an Alternative for Dark Energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We construct a DGP-inspired braneworld model where induced gravity on the brane is modified in the spirit of $f(R)$ gravity and stringy effects are taken into account by incorporation of the Gauss-Bonnet term in the bulk action. We explore cosmological dynamics of this model and we show that this scenario is a successful alternative for dark energy proposal. Interestingly, it realizes the phantom-like behavior without introduction of any phantom field on the brane and the effective equation of state parameter crosses the cosmological constant line naturally in the same way as observational data suggest.

Kourosh Nozari; Narges Rashidi

2009-09-02T23:59:59.000Z

12

Impact Factors of Energy Intensity in China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy intensity reflects energy usage efficiency in the production and consumption process, and leads to carbon dioxide emissions and the energy security of an economy. Liao et al. (2007) analyzed factors contribute to the fluctuation of China’s energy intensity from 1997 to 2006, and found that efficiency effects and structural effects are the major impacting factors. Therefore, they suggested that China should attach more importance to optimizing its sectoral structure, and lowering its investment ratio in the future. However, economic development and energy intensity are influenced by many factors. In their research, Liao et al. (2007) omitted some important contributing factors to energy intensities, and their suggestions also had some practical limitations. First of all, Liao et al. (2007) did not analyze impacts from energy prices in energy usage efficiency. In the existing literature, Birol and Keppler (2000) applied economics theory and suggested that higher energy prices can induce the improvements in energy usage efficiency, thereby lowering energy intensity. Hang and Tu (2007) studied the influence of energy price on the Chinese economy's energy intensity and their empirical results also showed that higher energy prices can lower energy intensity. Because energy prices have been regulated by the

unknown authors

13

Performance of Low Energy Crumb Rubber Modified Bituminous Mixes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Rising energy costs and increased awareness of emission problems in the production of Hot Mix Asphalt (HMA) have brought attention to the potential benefits of Warm Mix Asphalt (WMA) in India. Warm-mix asphalt is the generic term for a variety of technologies that allow the producers of hot-mix asphalt pavement material to lower the temperatures at which the material is mixed and placed on the road. Crumb Rubber Modified Bitumen (CRMB) is a popular binder in India. CRMB is composed of bitumen binder and tyre rubber. Tyre rubber, at various percentages, is added to the binder, addition of tyre rubber into binder results in a new product, which requires higher mixing temperatures compared to the conventional one, as well as increased mixing time, so as to get the uniformity of the product. A laboratory study was conducted at CSIR-Central Road Research Institute (CRRI) to investigate, how a commercially available chemical additive can be used to bring down the mixing and compaction temperature of CRMB mix as compared to the hot mix CRMB. Four different temperature ranges were considered in this study viz 1000C to 1050C, 1100C to 1150C, 1200C to 1250C and 1300C to 1350C to determine the various performance characteristics. The CRMB bituminous mix was prepared in these four temperature ranges and various mix tests were carried out to indicate to how the lower production and compaction temperatures affect the properties and performance characteristics of the mixes. After the laboratory evaluation it was found that CRMB Warm mix can be successfully produced at temperature as low as 110 °C and can be compacted at 80- 900C as compared to CRMB hot mix (155 °C). Full scale performance study indicate that process is highly energy efficient and environment friendly, warm mixes performed equivalent to “Hot Bituminous Mixes” and indicated encouraging results. After laboratory evaluation, a test track was successfully laid using low energy Crumb Rubber Modified Bitumen.

Ambika Behl; Gajendra Kumar; Girish Sharma

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Factors affecting robust retail energy markets  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper briefly defines an active retail market, details the factors that influence market activity and their relative importance, compares activity in various retail energy markets to date, and predicts future retail energy market activity. Three primary factors translate into high market activity: supplier margins, translated into potential savings for actively shopping customers; market size; and market barriers. The author surveys activity nationwide and predicts hot spots for the coming year.

Michelman, T.S.

1999-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

NREL: Energy Analysis - Utility-Scale Energy Technology Capacity Factors  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Utility-Scale Energy Technology Capacity Factors Utility-Scale Energy Technology Capacity Factors This chart indicates the range of recent capacity factor estimates for utility-scale renewable energy technologies. The dots indicate the average, and the vertical lines represent the range: Average +1 standard deviation and average -1 standard deviation. If you are seeking utility-scale technology cost and performance estimates, please visit the Transparent Cost Database website for NREL's information regarding vehicles, biofuels, and electricity generation. Capital Cost (September 2013 Update) Operations & Maintenance (September 2013 Update) Utility-Scale Capacity Factors Useful Life Land Use by System Technology LCOE Calculator Capacity factor for energy technologies. For more information, please download supporting data for energy technology costs.

16

From Saudi Arabia to Venezuela: Energy Resources, Market Factors & ConflictsEnergy Resources, Market Factors & Conflicts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

From Saudi Arabia to Venezuela: Energy Resources, Market Factors & ConflictsEnergy Resources, Market Factors & Conflicts Dr. Tom O'Donnell Friday, 12:00 ­ 2:48 PM Room 125, Mendenhall Laboratory (Brazil, Russia, India and China) will end U.S. supremacy in the dollar based oil market? Lastly, we

O'Donnell, Tom

17

Role of Modified Chaplygin Gas as a Dark Energy Model in Collapsing Spherically Symmetric Cloud  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this work, gravitational collapse of a spherical cloud, consists of both dark matter and dark energy in the form of modified Chaplygin gas is studied. It is found that dark energy alone in the form of modified Chaplygin gas forms black hole. Also when both components of the fluid are present then the collapse favors the formation of black hole in cases the dark energy dominates over dark matter. The conclusion is totally opposite to the usually known results.

Ujjal Debnath; Subenoy Chakraborty

2006-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

18

Can We Improve Energy Efficiency of Secure Disk Systems without Modifying Security Mechanisms?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Can We Improve Energy Efficiency of Secure Disk Systems without Modifying Security Mechanisms--Improving energy efficiency of security-aware storage systems is challenging, because security and energy security and energy efficiency is to profile encryption algorithms to decide if storage systems would

Qin, Xiao

19

Astraeus Wind Modifies Manufacturing in Michigan | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Astraeus Wind Modifies Manufacturing in Michigan Astraeus Wind Modifies Manufacturing in Michigan Astraeus Wind Modifies Manufacturing in Michigan May 14, 2010 - 3:35pm Addthis Lindsay Gsell When the assembly line was introduced to the automobile industry, everything changed. Cars were produced in less time with fewer errors, and each one was exactly the same as the last. As a result, the industry boomed. Astraeus Wind LLC hopes to bring this type of success to wind turbine manufacturing by standardizing the blade manufacturing process. The company wants to experiment with new materials to strengthen the blades while creating an automated process to assemble them, creating identical blades in a fast, efficient manner. CEO Jeff Metts says standardizing this process will help ensure each blade has the same measurements, lower the amount of time needed for production

20

Interaction between modified Chaplygin gas and ghost dark energy in presence of extra dimensions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper, we consider three different models of dark energy in higher dimensional space-time and discuss about some cosmological parameters numerically. The first model is a single component universe including viscous varying modified Chaplygin gas. In the second model, we consider two-component universe including viscous varying modified Chaplygin gas and ghost dark energy. In the third model, we consider another two-component universe including viscous modified cosmic Chaplygin gas and ghost dark energy. In the cases of two-component fluids we also consider possibility of interaction between components.

M. Khurshudyan; J. Sadeghi; M. Hakobyan; H. Farahani; R. Myrzakulov

2014-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "modified energy factor" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

EcoFactor Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

EcoFactor Inc EcoFactor Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name EcoFactor Inc Place Millbrae, California Zip 94030 Product California-based home energy management service provider. Coordinates 37.60276°, -122.395444° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":37.60276,"lon":-122.395444,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

22

Emission Factors (EMFAC) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Emission Factors (EMFAC) Emission Factors (EMFAC) Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: EMFAC Agency/Company /Organization: California Environmental Protection Agency Sector: Energy Focus Area: Transportation Phase: Determine Baseline Topics: Baseline projection, GHG inventory Resource Type: Software/modeling tools, Online calculator User Interface: Spreadsheet Website: www.arb.ca.gov/msei/onroad/latest_version.htm Country: United States Cost: Free Northern America References: http://www.arb.ca.gov/msei/onroad/latest_version.htm The EMission FACtors (EMFAC) model is used to calculate emission rates from all motor vehicles, such as passenger cars to heavy-duty trucks, operating on highways, freeways and local roads in California. EMFAC2007 is the most recent version of this model.

23

Copper nanocrystal modified activated carbon for supercapacitors with enhanced volumetric energy and power density  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Copper nanocrystal modified activated carbon for supercapacitors with enhanced volumetric energy of copper nanocrystals in AC has little effect on the surface area and porosity of activated carbon. copper nanocrystals improves the electrical conductivity of the carbon network.

Cao, Guozhong

24

A Modified Energy Saving Scheduling Algorithm on Heterogeneous Systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Efficient application scheduling with low energy consumption is critical for achieving high performance ... a new schedule scheme which concentrates on the energy consumption of supply voltage’s varying and a mod...

An Shen; Yuming Xu

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

On model selection forecasting, dark energy and modified gravity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......be achieved with the dark energy survey (DES) (Wester et...considered. DES is the Dark Energy Survey, PS1 is the Pan-STARRS...imaging (weak lensing) surveys should be able decisively distinguish a dark energy GR model from a DGP......

A. F. Heavens; T. D. Kitching; L. Verde

2007-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

26

Reducing Power Factor Cost | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Power Factor Cost Reducing Power Factor Cost Low power factor is expensive and inefficient. Many utility companies charge an additional fee if your power factor is less than 0.95....

27

Nanowire modified carbon fibers for enhanced electrical energy storage  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The study of electrochemical super-capacitors has become one of the most attractive topics in both academia and industry as energy storage devices because of their high power density long life cycles and high charge/discharge efficiency. Recently there has been increasing interest in the development of multifunctional structural energy storage devices such as structural super-capacitors for applications in aerospace automobiles and portable electronics. These multifunctional structural super-capacitors provide structures combining energy storage and load bearing functionalities leading to material systems with reduced volume and/or weight. Due to their superior materials properties carbon fiber composites have been widely used in structural applications for aerospace and automotive industries. Besides carbon fiber has good electrical conductivity which will provide lower equivalent series resistance; therefore it can be an excellent candidate for structural energy storage applications. Hence this paper is focused on performing a pilot study for using nanowire/carbon fiber hybrids as building materials for structural energy storage materials; aiming at enhancing the charge/discharge rate and energy density. This hybrid material combines the high specific surface area of carbon fiber and pseudo-capacitive effect of metal oxide nanowires which were grown hydrothermally in an aligned fashion on carbon fibers. The aligned nanowire array could provide a higher specific surface area that leads to high electrode-electrolyte contact area thus fast ion diffusion rates. Scanning Electron Microscopy and X-Ray Diffraction measurements are used for the initial characterization of this nanowire/carbon fiber hybrid material system. Electrochemical testing is performed using a potentio-galvanostat. The results show that gold sputtered nanowire carbon fiber hybrid provides 65.9% higher energy density than bare carbon fiber cloth as super-capacitor.

Mohammad Arif Ishtiaque Shuvo; Tzu-Liang (Bill) Tseng; Md. Ashiqur Rahaman Khan; Hasanul Karim; Philip Morton; Diego Delfin; Yirong Lin

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

47TH ANNUAL CONFERENCE ON INFORMATION SCIENCES AND SYSTEMS, MARCH 2013 1 A Modified Bethe Free Energy Approximation for  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to a modified Bethe free energy function. Applications to distributed coding in sensor networks are also of the side information diminishes. Index Terms--belief propagation, Bethe free energy, codeword quantization connection with a modified Bethe free energy approximation. We likewise illustrate its performance

Regalia, Phillip A.

29

Dissipation of Modified Entropic Gravitational Energy Through Gravitational Waves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The phenomenological nature of a new gravitational type interaction between two different bodies derived from Verlinde's entropic approach to gravitation in combination with Sorkin's definition of Universe's quantum information content, is investigated. Assuming that the energy stored in this entropic gravitational field is dissipated under the form of gravitational waves and that the Heisenberg principle holds for this system, one calculates a possible value for an absolute minimum time scale in nature $\\tau=15/16 \\frac{\\Lambda^{1/2}\\hbar G}{c^4}\\sim9.27\\times10^{-105}$ seconds, which is much smaller than the Planck time $t_{P}=(\\hbar G/c^5)^{1/2}\\sim 5.38\\times10^{-44}$ seconds. This appears together with an absolute possible maximum value for Newtonian gravitational forces generated by matter $F_g=32/30\\frac{c^7}{\\Lambda \\hbar G^2}\\sim 3.84\\times 10^{165}$ Newtons, which is much higher than the gravitational field between two Planck masses separated by the Planck length $F_{gP}=c^4/G\\sim1.21\\times10^{44}$ Newtons.

Clovis Jacinto de Matos

2011-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

30

Multi-Factor Energy Price Models Exotic Derivatives Pricing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Statistics University of Toronto c Copyright by Samuel Hikspoors 2008 #12;Multi-Factor Energy Price Models of Toronto, May 2008 Abstract The high pace at which many of the world's energy markets have gradually beenMulti-Factor Energy Price Models and Exotic Derivatives Pricing by Samuel Hikspoors A thesis

Jaimungal, Sebastian

31

QCD Factorization for heavy quarkonium production at collider energies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this talk, I briefly review several models of the heavy quarkonium production at collider energies, and discuss the status of QCD factorization for these production models.

Jian-Wei Qiu

2006-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

32

IPCC Emission Factor Database | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

IPCC Emission Factor Database IPCC Emission Factor Database Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: IPCC Emission Factor Database Agency/Company /Organization: World Meteorological Organization, United Nations Environment Programme Resource Type: Dataset Website: www.ipcc-nggip.iges.or.jp/EFDB/main.php References: IPCC-EFDB[1] About "EFDB is meant to be a recognised library, where users can find emission factors and other parameters with background documentation or technical references that can be used for estimating greenhouse gas emissions and removals. The responsibility of using this information appropriately will always remain with the users themselves." References ↑ "IPCC-EFDB" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=IPCC_Emission_Factor_Database&oldid=367213"

33

Radiation Weighting Factors and High Energy Radiation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......generally inadequate for high energy radiation. In order to determine...appropriate wR values in the high energy region, several criteria are...are proposed for neutrons of energy above 100 MeV and for protons above 10 MeV. The wR value for muons is confirmed to be practically......

M. Pelliccioni

1998-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Hourly Energy Emission Factors for Electricity Generation in the United  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Hourly Energy Emission Factors for Electricity Generation in the United Hourly Energy Emission Factors for Electricity Generation in the United States Dataset Summary Description Emissions from energy use in buildings are usually estimated on an annual basis using annual average multipliers. Using annual numbers provides a reasonable estimation of emissions, but it provides no indication of the temporal nature of the emissions. Therefore, there is no way of understanding the impact on emissions from load shifting and peak shaving technologies such as thermal energy storage, on-site renewable energy, and demand control. This project utilized GridViewTM, an electric grid dispatch software package, to estimate hourly emission factors for all of the eGRID subregions in the continental United States. These factors took into account electricity imports and exports

35

ANALYSIS ON THE MAJOR INFLUENCE FACTORS OF ENERGY INTENSITY CHANGING  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Based on the energy intensity data of period 1990-2008, this paper uses impulse response function and variance decomposition model to empirical analysis the main influencing factors and effects of energy intensity,. The empirical results show that: the energy intensity of itself, and the proportion of secondary industry have a larger impact on energy intensity; the change of energy price and technological progress also play a certain impact on energy intensity; and the link with the internal relations and interaction mechanisms, which can play an active role in improving energy efficiency.

Xia Wang; Lu Tang

36

Modified Chaplygin Gas as Scalar Field and Holographic Dark Energy Model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the correspondence between field theoretic and holographic dark energy density of the universe with the modified Chaplygin gas (MCG) respectively both in a flat and non-flat FRW universe. We present an equivalent representation of the MCG with a homogeneous minimally coupled scalar field by constructing the corresponding potential. A new scalar field potential is obtained here which is physically realistic and important for cosmological model building. In addition we also present holographic dark energy model described by the MCG. The dynamics of the corresponding holographic dark energy field is determined by reconstructing the potential in a non-flat universe. The stability of the holographic dark energy in this case in a non-flat universe is also discussed.

B. C. Paul; P. Thakur; A. Saha

2008-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

37

Wnt proteins are lipid-modified and can act as stem cell growth factors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... responded well to the Wnt3a protein in the presence of limiting doses of steel factor (SLF). Over a period of 7 days, the frequency of cells proliferating was 5. ... for a period of 6 days. In previous experiments we showed that culturing cells with SLF alone (our control conditions) while inducing proliferation does not induce self-renewal in vitro ...

Karl Willert; Jeffrey D. Brown; Esther Danenberg; Andrew W. Duncan; Irving L. Weissman; Tannishtha Reya; John R. Yates; Roel Nusse

2003-04-27T23:59:59.000Z

38

Portfolio Manager Technical Reference: Thermal Conversion Factors | ENERGY  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Thermal Conversion Factors Thermal Conversion Factors Secondary menu About us Press room Contact Us Portfolio Manager Login Facility owners and managers Existing buildings Commercial new construction Industrial energy management Small business Service providers Service and product providers Verify applications for ENERGY STAR certification Design commercial buildings Energy efficiency program administrators Commercial and industrial program sponsors Associations State and local governments Federal agencies Tools and resources Training In This Section Campaigns Commercial building design Communications resources Energy management guidance Financial resources Portfolio Manager Products and purchasing Recognition Research and reports Service and product provider (SPP) resources Success stories Target Finder

39

Success factors of energy efficiency measures in buildings in Norway  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The aim of the study was to identify factors and parameters, which could contribute to the successful implementation of energy efficiency measures in buildings, and to find which parameters introduce uncertainties in achieving the planned energy savings. A database of 41 buildings was developed for the analysis. The database contained information related to buildings, energy efficiency measures, and energy use over several years. A presentation method for the persistence of the energy efficiency measures was introduced. Through the energy performance contract, energy savings of 30% of the total energy use were suggested on average. The results showed that the success factors of the energy efficiency measures were: previous energy use, project cost, consultant experience and engagement, and implementation of a good operation plan. The persistence of the energy efficiency measures was influenced by the achieved savings in the first year, the guaranty period, and the implementation of the operation measures. Uncertainties in the presented results were induced by the following factors: temperature correction method, difference in reported building area, correctness of the information regarding the implemented measures, and calculation method. The uncertainty due to lack of information or not delivering the operation measures was about 20% of the total energy use.

Natasa Nord; Stine Fjærli Sjøthun

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Optimizing future imaging survey of galaxies to confront dark energy and modified gravity models  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We consider the extent to which future imaging surveys of galaxies can distinguish between dark energy and modified gravity models for the origin of the cosmic acceleration. Dynamical dark energy models may have similar expansion rates as models of modified gravity, yet predict different growth of structure histories. We parametrize the cosmic expansion by the two parameters, w0 and wa, and the linear growth rate of density fluctuations by Linder’s ?, independently. Dark energy models generically predict ??0.55, while the Dvali-Gabadadze-Porrati (DGP) model ??0.68. To determine if future imaging surveys can constrain ? within 20% (or ??survey such as the ongoing Hyper Suprime-Cam (HSC) project. Under the condition that the total observation time is fixed, we compute the figure of merit (FoM) as a function of the exposure time texp. We find that the tomography technique effectively improves the FoM, which has a broad peak around texp?several?10??min; a shallow and wide survey is preferred to constrain the ? parameter. While ??survey alone, one can improve the constraints by combining with a follow-up spectroscopic survey like Wide-field Fiber-fed Multi-Object Spectrograph (WFMOS) and/or future cosmic microwave background (CMB) observations.

Kazuhiro Yamamoto; David Parkinson; Takashi Hamana; Robert C. Nichol; Yasushi Suto

2007-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "modified energy factor" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Optimizing future imaging survey of galaxies to confront dark energy and modified gravity models  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider the extent to which future imaging surveys of galaxies can distinguish between dark energy and modified gravity models for the origin of the cosmic acceleration. Dynamical dark energy models may have similar expansion rates as models of modified gravity, yet predict different growth of structure histories. We parameterize the cosmic expansion by the two parameters, $w_0$ and $w_a$, and the linear growth rate of density fluctuations by Linder's $\\gamma$, independently. Dark energy models generically predict $\\gamma \\approx 0.55$, while the DGP model $\\gamma \\approx 0.68$. To determine if future imaging surveys can constrain $\\gamma$ within 20 percent (or $\\Delta\\gammasurvey such as the on-going Hyper Suprime-Cam (HSC) project. Under the condition that the total observation time is fixed, we compute the Figure of Merit (FoM) as a function of the exposure time $\\texp$. We find that the tomography technique effectively improves the FoM, which has a broad peak around $\\texp\\simeq {\\rm several}\\sim 10$ minutes; a shallow and wide survey is preferred to constrain the $\\gamma$ parameter. While $\\Delta\\gamma survey alone, one can improve the constraints by combining with a follow-up spectroscopic survey like WFMOS and/or future CMB observations.

Kazuhiro Yamamoto; David Parkinson; Takashi Hamana; Robert C. Nichol; Yasushi Suto

2007-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

42

Time and Energy Efficient Matrix Factorization using FPGAs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

interconnects, leading to lower energy dissipation. The designs are made scalable by us- ing a fixed ITime and Energy Efficient Matrix Factorization using FPGAs Seonil Choi and Viktor K. Prasanna devices are proposed. A linear ar- ray architecture is employed to minimize the usage of long

Prasanna, Viktor K.

43

Convergence of Hormones, Inflammation, and Energy-Related Factors: A Novel Pathway of Cancer Etiology  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Convergence of Hormones, Inflammation, and Energy-Related Factors: A Novel Pathway of...estrogen, androgen, and insulin; and energy-related factors. We present evidence...convergence of hormones, inflammation, and energy-related factors (CHIEF). First...

Martha L. Slattery and F.A. Fitzpatrick

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Establishing Standard Source Energy and Emission Factors for Energy Use in Buildings  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This procedure provides source energy factors and emission factors to calculate the source (primary) energy and emissions from a building's annual site energy consumption. This report provides the energy and emission factors to calculate the source energy and emissions for electricity and fuels delivered to a facility and combustion of fuels at a facility. The factors for electricity are broken down by fuel type and presented for the continental United States, three grid interconnections, and each state. The electricity fuel and emission factors are adjusted for the electricity and the useful thermal output generated by combined heat and power (CHP) plants larger than one megawatt. The energy and emissions from extracting, processing, and transporting the fuels, also known as the precombustion effects, are included.

Deru, M.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Energy Price Indices and Discount Factors for Life-Cycle Cost...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

0 Energy Price Indices and Discount Factors for Life-Cycle Cost Analysis - 2010 Report describes the 2010 edition of energy price indices and discount factors for performing...

46

Factors affecting the energy consumption of two refrigerator-freezers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Two refrigerator-freezers, one with a top-mounted freezer and one with side-by-side doors, were tested in the laboratory to determine the sensitivity of their energy consumption to various operational factors. Room temperature, room humidity, door openings, and the setting of the anti-sweat heater switch were the factors examined. The results indicated that the room temperature and door openings had a significantly greater effect on energy consumption than the other two factors. More detailed tests were then performed under different room temperature and door-opening combinations. The relationship of door openings and the equivalent test room temperature was established. Finally, the effect on energy of different temperature settings was studied. Test results are presented and discussed.

Kao, J.Y.; Kelley, G.E. [National Inst. of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD (United States). Building and Fire Research Lab.

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

47

Design of a Power Oscillation Damper for DFIG-based Wind Energy Conversion System Using Modified Particle Swarm Optimizer  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents a method to design a Power Oscillation Damper (POD) for Double-Fed Induction Generator (DFIG) based Wind Energy Conversion System (WECS), operating with voltage control loop. Based on eigen values information from Small Signal Stability ... Keywords: Computational Intelligence, double fed induction generator, power oscillation damper, modified particle swarm optimizer, small signal stability analysis, wind energy conversion system

Huazhang Huang; C. Y. Chung

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Power factor and harmonic distortion characteristics of energy efficient lamps  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper evaluates the performance of a new class of lamps which are generally classified as the energy-saving lamps. It is shown that, when compared with the incandescent lamps, these lamps indeed consume less real power and have higher relative illumination. However, the energy-saving lamps operate at a low power factor and produce current distortion which are much higher than the distortion produced by the traditional incandescent lamps.

Etezadi-Amoli, M.; Florence, T.

1989-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Model-independent constraints on dark energy and modified gravity with the SKA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Employing a nonparametric approach of the principal component analysis (PCA), we forecast the future constraint on the equation of state $w(z)$ of dark energy, and on the effective Newton constant $\\mu(k,z)$, which parameterise the effect of modified gravity, using the planned SKA HI galaxy survey. Combining with the simulated data of Planck and Dark Energy Survey (DES), we find that SKA Phase 1 (SKA1) and SKA Phase 2 (SKA2) can well constrain $3$ and $5$ eigenmodes of $w(z)$ respectively. The errors of the best measured modes can be reduced to 0.04 and 0.023 for SKA1 and SKA2 respectively, making it possible to probe dark energy dynamics. On the other hand, SKA1 and SKA2 can constrain $7$ and $20$ eigenmodes of $\\mu(k,z)$ respectively within 10\\% sensitivity level. Furthermore, 2 and 7 modes can be constrained within sub percent level using SKA1 and SKA2 respectively. This is a significant improvement compared to the combined datasets without SKA.

Zhao, Gong-Bo; Maartens, Roy; Santos, Mario; Raccanelli, Alvise

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Dark Energy and Equation of State Oscillations with Collisional Matter Fluid in Exponential Modified Gravity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study some aspects of cosmological evolution in a universe described by a viable curvature corrected exponential $F(R)$ gravity model, in the presence of matter fluids consisting of collisional matter and radiation. Particularly, we express the Friedmann-Robertson-Walker equations of motion in terms of parameters that are appropriate for describing the dark energy oscillations and compare the dark energy density and the dark energy equation of state parameter corresponding to collisional and non-collisional matter. In addition to these, and owing to the fact that the cosmological evolution of collisional and non-collisional matter universes, when quantified in terms of the Hubble parameter and the effective equation of states parameters, is very much alike, we further scrutinize the cosmological evolution study by extending the analysis to the study of matter perturbations in the matter domination era. We quantify this analysis in terms of the growth factor of matter perturbations, in which case the result...

Oikonomou, V K; Park, Miok

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Energy Factors, Leasing Structure and the Market Price of Office Buildings in the U.S.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

contractual, energy and market-related characteristics. Alocal-level wholesale energy market price dynamics and localof the relationship between energy factor markets, leasing

Jaffee, Dwight M.; Stanton, Richard; Wallace, Nancy E.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Modified holographic Ricci dark energy coupled to interacting relativistic and non-relativistic dark matter in the nonflat universe  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The modified holographic Ricci dark energy coupled to interacting relativistic and non-relativistic dark matter is considered in the nonflat Friedmann-Robertson-Walker universe. Through examining the deceleration parameter, one can find that the transition time of the Universe from decelerating to accelerating phase in the interacting holographic Ricci dark energy model is close to that in the $\\Lambda$ cold dark matter model. The evolution of modified holographic Ricci dark energy's state parameter and the evolution of dark matter and dark energy's densities shows that the dark energy holds the dominant position from the near past to the future. By studying the statefinder diagnostic and the evolution of the total pressure, one can find that this model could explain the Universe's transition from the radiation to accelerating expansion stage through the dust stage. According to the $Om$ diagnostic, it is easy to find that when the interaction is weak and the proportion of relativistic dark matter in total da...

Li, En-Kun; Geng, Jin-Ling

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Impact of different macronutrient definitions and energy conversion factors on energy supply estimations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The magnitude of differences in energy supply using different definitions for carbohydrates and protein as well as different energy conversion factors was investigated. Food supply data for 1999–2001 from FAOSTAT were used for nine countries with different types of diets. Nutrient values were derived from USDA and the British food composition tables for three definitions of carbohydrate (total, available by difference, available as monosaccharide equivalents), three protein definitions (nitrogen (N)×Jones factors, N×6.25, sum of amino acids), fat, and two dietary fibre definitions (AOAC, non-starch polysaccharide). Then three sets of energy conversion factors were applied (Merrill & Watt, general Atwater with/without energy value for fibre, and gross energy—GE). Using the same nutrient definitions, differences between general and specific Atwater factors accounted for 50–320 kJ/capita/day (10–75 kcal/capita/day) and for 290–1500 kJ/capita/day (70–360 kcal/capita/day) between GE and metabolizable energy supply calculations. Protein definitions have a minor impact on per capita energy supply values. They generate differences of less than 1%, or 4–105 kJ (1–25 kcal), with N×6.25 values providing the highest values, followed by Jones factors and the sum of amino acids. The largest differences observed in per capita energy supply calculations are due to carbohydrate definitions. Differences of 3.5–8% or 330–780 kJ/capita/day (80–190 kcal/capita/day) are observed between total and available carbohydrates as monosaccharide equivalents within the general Atwater system. Differences in energy supply between total and available carbohydrates could be minimized by applying an energy factor of 8 kJ/g (2 kcal/g) for dietary fibre, resulting in a higher energy supply of 100–250 kJ/capita/day (25–60 kcal/capita/day) or 1–2%. Differences in energy supply are less influenced by the energy factors as such than by the nutrient definition used, especially for carbohydrates. Differences in energy supply of up to 780 kJ/capita/day (160 kcal/capita/day) or 8% may be statistically relevant and might change research results, estimates of the dietary energy supply and consequently the estimation of the prevalence of undernourishment which may affect nutrition program and policies. Global harmonization of macronutrient definitions and energy factors is important to achieve unambiguous and comparable macronutrient and energy values among countries.

U.R Charrondiere; S Chevassus-Agnes; S Marroni; B Burlingame

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Energy content of macrobenthic invertebrates: general conversion factors from weight to energy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In ecological studies, especially in those dealing with energy circulation in nature, determinations of the energy content of organisms are inevitable. Energy determinations are, however, laborious and time-consuming. Average conversion factors based on different species form various areas and seasons may often be a shortcut for overcoming this problem. To establish general energy conversion factors for aquatic invertebrate groups, we used 376 values of J · mg?1 DW and 255 values of J · mg?1 AFDW, representing 308 and 229 species, respectively. The dry-weight-to-energy factors were highly variable both within and between taxonomic groups, e.g.: Porifera, 6.1 J · mg?1 DW; insect larvae, 22.4 J · mg?1 DW (median values). The energy-conversion factors related to AFDW showed a much smaller dispersion with a minimum median value of 19.7 J · mg?1 AFDW (Ascidiacea) and a maximum of 23.8 J · mg?1 AFDW (insect larvae). Within taxonomic groups, the 95% confidence intervals (AFDW) were only a few percent of the median values. The use of energy-conversion factors based on AFDW is preferable due to their lower dispersion. For aquatic macrobenthic invertebrates, a general conversion factor of 23 J · mg?1 AFDW can be used.

Thomas Brey; Heye Rumohr; Sven Ankar

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Guidance Regarding Refinancing, Restructuring, or Modifying Loan Agreements Entered into by an Energy Services Company Under a Federal Energy Savings Performance Contract  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Regarding Refinancing, Restructuring, or Modifying Regarding Refinancing, Restructuring, or Modifying Loan Agreements Entered into by an Energy Services Company Under a Federal Energy Savings Performance Contract This FEMP guidance addresses potential refinancing, restructuring, or modifying of loan agreements (collectively called a "debt modification") entered into by an Energy Services Company (ESCO) under federal Energy Savings Performance Contracts (ESPCs). In considering the impact of debt modifications on ESPCs, it is important to recognize that ESPC financing arrangements are between the ESCO and a third-party financier - the Government is not a contractual party. Responsibility therefore rests with the ESCO to initiate communication with its financier regarding a debt modification. As emphasized throughout this guidance, to the

56

Guidance Regarding Refinancing, Restructuring, or Modifying Loan Agreements Entered into by an Energy Services Company Under a Federal Energy Savings Performance Contract  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Regarding Refinancing, Restructuring, or Modifying Regarding Refinancing, Restructuring, or Modifying Loan Agreements Entered into by an Energy Services Company Under a Federal Energy Savings Performance Contract This FEMP guidance addresses potential refinancing, restructuring, or modifying of loan agreements (collectively called a "debt modification") entered into by an Energy Services Company (ESCO) under federal Energy Savings Performance Contracts (ESPCs). In considering the impact of debt modifications on ESPCs, it is important to recognize that ESPC financing arrangements are between the ESCO and a third-party financier - the Government is not a contractual party. Responsibility therefore rests with the ESCO to initiate communication with its financier regarding a debt modification. As emphasized throughout this guidance, to the

57

Acoustic quality factor and energy losses in cylindrical pipes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The quality factor Q of a damped oscillator equals 2? times the ratio of stored energy to the energy dissipated per cycle. This makes Q a sensitive probe of energy losses. Using modest equipment we measured the acoustical Q for a set of cylindrical pipes having the same resonant frequency but different diameters D. The graph of Q vs D could be well fitted with two parameters one of which corresponds to energy loss via radiation from the ends of the pipe and the other to thermal and viscous losses very close to the pipe wall. The wall loss parameter was quite constant no matter where the pipes were located but the radiative loss parameter varied significantly with location inside a room suggesting that room reflections affected the sound radiated from the pipe. This study offers valuable insights at no great expense and could be the basis of an upper-division undergraduatelaboratory experiment.

Michael J. Moloney; Daniel L. Hatten

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

Modified Friedmann model in Randers-Finsler space of approximate Berwald type as a possible alternative to dark energy hypothesis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Gravitational field equations in Randers-Finsler space of approximate Berwald type are investigated. A modified Friedmann model is proposed. It is showed that the accelerated expanding universe is guaranteed by a constrained Randers-Finsler structure without invoking dark energy. The geodesic in Randers-Finsler space is studied. The additional term in the geodesic equation acts as repulsive force against the gravity.

Zhe Chang; Xin Li

2009-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

59

Distribution expansion planning considering reliability and security of energy using modified PSO (Particle Swarm Optimization) algorithm  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Distribution feeders and substations need to provide additional capacity to serve the growing electrical demand of customers without compromising the reliability of the electrical networks. Also, more control devices, such as DG (Distributed Generation) units are being integrated into distribution feeders. Distribution networks were not planned to host these intermittent generation units before construction of the systems. Therefore, additional distribution facilities are needed to be planned and prepared for the future growth of the electrical demand as well as the increase of network hosting capacity by DG units. This paper presents a multiobjective optimization algorithm for the MDEP (Multi-Stage Distribution Expansion Planning) in the presence of \\{DGs\\} using nonlinear formulations. The objective functions of the MDEP consist of minimization of costs, END (Energy-Not-Distributed), active power losses and voltage stability index based on SCC (Short Circuit Capacity). A MPSO (modified Particle Swarm Optimization) algorithm is developed and used for this multiobjective MDEP optimization. In the proposed MPSO algorithm, a new mutation method is implemented to improve the global searching ability and restrain the premature convergence to local minima. The effectiveness of the proposed method is tested on a typical 33-bus test system and results are presented.

Jamshid Aghaei; Kashem M. Muttaqi; Ali Azizivahed; Mohsen Gitizadeh

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Triton Electric Form Factor at Low-Energies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Making use of the Effective Field Theory(EFT) expansion recently developed by the authors, we compute the charge form factor of triton up to next-to-next-to-leading order (N$^2$LO). The three-nucleon forces(3NF) is required for renormalization of the three-nucleon system and it effects are predicted for process and is qualitatively supported by available experimental data. We also show that, by including higher order corrections, the calculated charge form factor and charge radius of $^3$H are in satisfactory agreement with the experimental data and the realistic Argonne $v_{18}$ two-nucleon and Urbana IX potential models calculations. This method makes possible a high precision few-body calculations in nuclear physics. Our result converges order by order in low energy expansion and also cut-off independent.

H. Sadeghi

2009-08-14T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "modified energy factor" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Experimental investigation of energy dissipation behavior of the modified friction device  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

As building materials become stronger, dynamic design and structural control are effective means of improving serviceability in the future's ever lighter structures. The recently proposed modified friction device (MFD) ...

Zahner, Robert Marne

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Convergence of Hormones, Inflammation, and Energy-Related Factors: A Novel Pathway of Cancer Etiology  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...insulin-related factors. Energy-Related Factors...and cancer risk factor identification...R . Nutrition, energy balance and colon...insulin-like growth factor-I. IARC Sci Publ...TCF7L2) gene predict conversion to type 2 diabetes...

Martha L. Slattery and F.A. Fitzpatrick

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Model selection for modified gravity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...the potential discovery space for modified...scales where dark energy dominates...attributed to a dark energy. However...significant discovery space that...the potential discovery space for modified...scales where dark energy dominates...

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

File:Modify App Geothermal 06-2012 (1).pdf | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Modify App Geothermal 06-2012 (1).pdf Modify App Geothermal 06-2012 (1).pdf Jump to: navigation, search File File history File usage File:Modify App Geothermal 06-2012 (1).pdf Size of this preview: 463 × 599 pixels. Other resolution: 464 × 600 pixels. Go to page 1 2 Go! next page → next page → Full resolution ‎(1,275 × 1,650 pixels, file size: 103 KB, MIME type: application/pdf, 2 pages) File history Click on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. Date/Time Thumbnail Dimensions User Comment current 13:01, 19 November 2012 Thumbnail for version as of 13:01, 19 November 2012 1,275 × 1,650, 2 pages (103 KB) Dklein2012 (Talk | contribs) You cannot overwrite this file. Edit this file using an external application (See the setup instructions for more information) File usage

65

Combined association of energy balance, lifestyle factors and breast cancer risk  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...controls aged 25-64 years. Energy intake was assessed with a...These findings suggest that energy balance, rather than its...factor for breast cancer. Energy balance is comprised of a complex constellation of behaviors; central adiposity...

Alecia S. Malin; Chuck Matthews; Hui Cai; Herbert Yu; Xiao-Ou Shu; Fan Jin; Yu-Tang Gao; and Wei Zheng

2004-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

Energy Price Indices and Discount Factors for Life-Cycle Cost Analysis- 2010  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Report describes the 2010 edition of energy price indices and discount factors for performing life-cycle cost analyses of energy and water conservation and renewable energy projects in federal facilities.

67

Module: Emission Factors for Deforestation | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Website: www.leafasia.orgtoolstechnical-guidance-series-emission-factors-defo Cost: Free Language: English Module: Emission Factors for Deforestation Screenshot Logo: Module:...

68

Renewable Energy Across the 50 United States and Related Factors.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Renewable energy production replaces diminishing non-renewable energy sources including fossil fuels. Major sources of renewable energy include biofuels, geothermal, hydroelectric, solar thermal and photovoltaic, wind,… (more)

Christenson, Cynthia Brit

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

File:Construction SW NOI modified 7-18-2011.pdf | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

SW NOI modified 7-18-2011.pdf SW NOI modified 7-18-2011.pdf Jump to: navigation, search File File history File usage File:Construction SW NOI modified 7-18-2011.pdf Size of this preview: 463 × 599 pixels. Other resolution: 464 × 600 pixels. Go to page 1 2 3 Go! next page → next page → Full resolution ‎(1,275 × 1,650 pixels, file size: 100 KB, MIME type: application/pdf, 3 pages) File history Click on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. Date/Time Thumbnail Dimensions User Comment current 10:47, 13 November 2012 Thumbnail for version as of 10:47, 13 November 2012 1,275 × 1,650, 3 pages (100 KB) Dklein2012 (Talk | contribs) You cannot overwrite this file. Edit this file using an external application (See the setup instructions for more information) File usage There are no pages that link to this file.

70

Convergence of Hormones, Inflammation, and Energy-Related Factors: A Novel Pathway of Cancer Etiology  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...molecular data led us to propose that...estrogen, and energy-related factors...hormones, and energy-related factors...that menopausal status and estrogen are...immunity, to protect us from harmful microbes...sensor of cellular energy status. Endocrinology...

Martha L. Slattery and F.A. Fitzpatrick

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Gravitational energy in a small region for the modified Einstein and Landau-Lifshitz pseudotensors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The purpose of the classical Einstein and Landau-Lifshitz pseudotensors is for determining the gravitational energy. Neither of them can guarantee a positive energy in holonomic frames. In the small sphere approximation, it has been required that the quasilocal expression for the gravitational energy-momentum density should be proportional to the Bel-Robinson tensor $B_{\\alpha\\beta\\mu\

Lau Loi So

2008-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

72

Energy Price Indices and Discount Factors for Life-Cycle Cost...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

2 Energy Price Indices and Discount Factors for Life-Cycle Cost Analysis - 2012 Report provides tables of present-value factors for use in the life-cycle cost analysis of capital...

73

Energy Price Indices and Discount Factors for Life-Cycle Cost...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Analysis-2013 Energy Price Indices and Discount Factors for Life-Cycle Cost Analysis-2013 Handbook describes the annual supplements to the NIST Handbook 135 and NBS Special...

74

Carbazole modified terphenyl based high triplet energy host materials for blue phosphorescent organic light-emitting diodes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Carbazole modified terphenyl based high triplet energy host materials were developed for application as host materials for blue phosphorescent organic light-emitting diodes. Two terphenyl based materials, 9-(5?-phenyl-[1,1?:2?,1?:3?,1???-quaterphenyl]-3-yl)-9H-carbazole (CzTPPh) and 9-(3?,5?-di(pyridin-3-yl)-[1,1:2?,1?-terphenyl]-3-yl)-9H-carbazole (CzTPPy), were synthesized as the host materials with high triplet energies of 2.75 eV and 2.73 eV, respectively. The two host materials were evaluated as the host materials for blue phosphorescent organic light-emitting diodes and high quantum efficiencies of 20.2% and 15.7% were obtained in the CzTPPh and CzTPPy devices, respectively.

Chil Won Lee; Jun Yeob Lee

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Hyperthermal Energy Collisions of CF3 + Ions with Modified Surfaces: Surface-Induced Dissociation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Collisions of low-energy ions, especially polyatomic ions, with surfaces have become an active area of research due to their numerous applications in chemistry, physics and material sciences. An interesting aspect of such collisions is the dissociation of ions which has been successfully exploited for the characterization of colliding ions, especially high mass ions from biological molecules. However, detailed studies of the energy transfer and dissociation have been performed only for a few simple systems and hence the mechanism(s) of ions’ excitation and dissociation are not as well understood even for small ions. We have therefore undertaken a study of the dissociation of a small polyatomic ion, CF3+, at several collision energies between 28.8 eV and 159 eV in collision with fluorinated alkyl thiol on gold 111 crystal and a LiF surface. These experiments were performed using a custom built tandem mass spectrometer where the energy and intensity distributions of the scattered fragment ions were measured as a function of the fragment ion mass and scattering angle. In contrast with the previous studies of the dissociation of ethanol and acetone cations where the inelastically scattered primary ions dominated the collision process (up to ~50 eV maximum energy used in those experiments), we did not observe a measurable abundance of inelastically scattered undissociated CF3+ ions at all energies studied here. We observed all fragment ions, CF2+, CF+, F+ and C+ at all energies studied with the relative intensity of the highest energy pathway, C+, increasing with collision energy. Also, the dissociation efficiency decreased significantly as the collision energy was increased from to 159 eV. The energy distributions of nearly all the fragment ions showed two distinct components, one corresponding to the loss of nearly all of the kinetic energy and scattered over a broad angular range while the other corresponding to smaller kinetic energy losses and scattered closer to the surface parallel. The latter process is due to delayed dissociation of excited ions after they have passed the collision region.

Rezayat, T.; Shukla, A.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Dynamic economic load dispatch with wind energy using modified harmony search  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The optimisation of fuel cost for short term economic dispatch of thermal generators along with renewable sources like wind generator is considered in this paper. The non-linear constraints considered are power generation limits, reserve limits and ramp rate limits. The optimal dispatch in the presence of the wind generation is obtained using modified harmony search (MHS) algorithm. The wind generator cost model is developed and used in this dynamic economic load dispatch (ELD) problem. The forecasted wind speed is utilised to calculate the average wind power output and this power is included in the economic dispatch model by means of negative load approach. Numerical results for the sample test system having five thermal units, one wind farm and one diesel unit have been presented to demonstrate the performance of the algorithm.

V. Ravikumar Pandi; B.K. Panigrahi; Swagatam Das; Zhihua Cui

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

EPA - Rainfall Erosivity Factor Calculator webpage | Open Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

webpage Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Web Site: EPA - Rainfall Erosivity Factor Calculator webpage Author Environmental Protection Agency...

78

It Pays to Modify Existing Crude Preheat Trains to Conserve More Energy!  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

With the cost of fuel now being so high, maximum recovery of available waste heat to preheat crude oil is an essential step in reducing the fuel consumption in a refinery. Foster Wheeler Energy Corporation has developed a special computer program...

Feintuch, H. M.; Peer, V.; Wong, W. H.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Highly porous chemically modified carbon cryogels and their coherent nanocomposites for energy applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, high energy and high power density lithium-ion batteries with vanadium pentoxide deposited inside an array of structural forms, such as diamond, graphite, graphene, fullerenes, carbon nanotubes, and amor, are excellent electrical conductors. Graphene, carbon nanotubes, and fuller- enes are all derivatives

Cao, Guozhong

80

Two-Factor Identify Proofing Process | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Two-Factor Authentication UAA form to the PKI Support Team at 301-903-2172. This fax machine is in a limited access area and no cover sheet is required. A common problem...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "modified energy factor" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

EPA Rainfall Erosivity Factor Calculator Website | Open Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Website Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Web Site: EPA Rainfall Erosivity Factor Calculator Website Abstract This website allows the developer to...

82

Life-cycle GHG emission Factors of Final Energy in China  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In this manuscript, a model for the estimation of the life-cycle GHG emission factors of final energy and an empirical study of China is presented. A linear programming method is utilized to solve the problem that several forms of final energy are utilized in the life-cycle of one certain type of final energy. Nine types of final energy are considered, including raw coal, crude oil, raw natural gas, treated coal, diesel, gasoline, fuel oil, treated natural gas, and electricity. The results indicate that the life-cycle GHG emission factors of final energy in China slightly decreased in recent years.

Jiang Lixue; Ou Xunmin; Ma Linwei; Li Zheng; Ni Weidou

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Property:Geothermal/LoadFactor | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

LoadFactor LoadFactor Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type Number. Pages using the property "Geothermal/LoadFactor" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 4 4 UR Guest Ranch Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility + 0.76 + A Ace Development Aquaculture Low Temperature Geothermal Facility + 0.8 + Agua Calientes Trailer Park Space Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility + 0.29 + Alive Polarity's Murrietta Hot Spring Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility + 0.8 + Americulture Aquaculture Low Temperature Geothermal Facility + 0.81 + Aq Dryers Agricultural Drying Low Temperature Geothermal Facility + 0.25 + Aqua Caliente County Park Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility + 0.68 +

84

Collective F\\"orster energy transfer modified by the planar metallic mirror  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a theory of the F\\"orster energy transfer between the arrays of donor and acceptor molecules lying on the planar metallic mirror. We reveal strong modification of the effective transfer rate by the mirror in the incoherent pumping regime. The rate can be either suppressed or enhanced depending on the relative positions between acceptor and donor arrays. The strong modification of the transfer rate is a collective effect, mediated by the light-induced coupling between the donors; it is absent in the single donor model.

Poddubny, Alexander N

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Optimization of wind turbine energy and power factor with an evolutionary computation algorithm  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Optimization of wind turbine energy and power factor with an evolutionary computation algorithm the energy capture from the wind and enhance the quality of the power produced by the wind turbine, and harmonic distortion. As the generation of wind energy on an industrial scale is relatively new, the area

Kusiak, Andrew

86

Energy Efficient Production through a Modified–Green–PPC and a Communication Framework for the Energy Supply Chain to Manage Energy Consumption and Information  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents a definition of an energy product model through a holistic approach of energy management that recognizes both the side of the energy provider and energy consumer. Therefore, it is needed to de...

Ulrich Brandenburg; Sebastian Kropp…

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Wormholes in viable $f(R)$ modified theories of gravity and Weak Energy Condition  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this work wormholes in viable $f(R)$ gravity models are analysed. We are interested in exact solutions for stress-energy tensor components depending on different shape and redshift functions. Several solutions of gravitational equations for different $f(R)$ models are examined. Found solutions imply no need for exotic material, while this need is implied in the standard general theory of relativity. Simple expression for WEC violation near the throat is derived and analysed. High curvature regime is also discussed, as well as the question of the highest possible values of Ricci scalar for which WEC is not violated near the throat, and corresponding functions are calculated for the several models. The approach here differs from the one that has been common since no additional assumptions to simplify the equations are made, and functions in $f(R)$ models are not taken to be arbitrary functions, but rather a feature of the theory that has to be evaluated on the basis of consistency with observations for the Solar System and cosmological evolution.

Petar Pavlovi?; Marko Sossich

2014-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

88

Report of the Nuclear Energy Agency Expert Group on Gut Transfer Factors: Implications for Dose per Unit Intake  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Radiation Protection Dosimetry Article Report of the Nuclear Energy Agency Expert Group on Gut Transfer Factors: Implications...transfer factors recommended by an Expert Group of the Nuclear Energy Agency for intakes of certain important elements in......

G.M. Kendall; J.D. Harrison; T.P. Fell

1988-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Dynamic Simulation and Analysis of Factors Impacting the Energy Consumption of Residential Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Buildings have a close relationship with climate. There are a lot of important factors that influence building energy consumption such as building shape coefficient, insulation work of building envelope, covered area, and the area ratio of window...

Lian, Y.; Hao, Y.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Experimental determination of the radiation quality factor near high-energy accelerators  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Experimental data characterizing the effective quality factor QF of multicomponent pulse radiation in ... are compared with values determined for other high-energy accelerators. Values of QF obtained in experimen...

V. N. Lebedev; M. Zel'chinskii; M. I. Salatskaya

1966-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

LEDSGP/DIA-Toolkit/Factors | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » LEDSGP/DIA-Toolkit/Factors < LEDSGP‎ | DIA-Toolkit Jump to: navigation, search LEDSGP Logo.png Development Impacts Assessment Toolkit Home Tools Request Assistance Development Impacts Assessment Dia goals actions.png Governments set national goals and priorities-social, economic, and environmental-that establish the context for government policies and programs. At the same time, many countries have defined low emission development strategies (LEDS) as a guiding framework for development. The purpose of development impacts assessment (DIA) is to identify and assess the impacts, including both positive impacts (e.g., improved air or

92

Energy Price Indices and Discount Factors for Life-Cycle Cost Analysis- 2012  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Report provides tables of present-value factors for use in the life-cycle cost analysis of capital investment projects for federal facilities. It also provides energy price indices based on the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) forecasts from 2012 to 2042.

93

Handbook of Emission Factors for Road Transport (HBEFA) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

of Emission Factors for Road Transport (HBEFA) of Emission Factors for Road Transport (HBEFA) Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Handbook of Emission Factors for Road Transport (HBEFA) Focus Area: Clean Transportation Topics: Policy, Deployment, & Program Impact Website: www.hbefa.net/e/index.html Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.org/content/handbook-emission-factors-road-transp Language: "English,French,German" is not in the list of possible values (Abkhazian, Achinese, Acoli, Adangme, Adyghe; Adygei, Afar, Afrihili, Afrikaans, Afro-Asiatic languages, Ainu, Akan, Akkadian, Albanian, Aleut, Algonquian languages, Altaic languages, Amharic, Angika, Apache languages, Arabic, Aragonese, Arapaho, Arawak, Armenian, Aromanian; Arumanian; Macedo-Romanian, Artificial languages, Assamese, Asturian; Bable; Leonese; Asturleonese, Athapascan languages, Australian languages, Austronesian languages, Avaric, Avestan, Awadhi, Aymara, Azerbaijani, Balinese, Baltic languages, Baluchi, Bambara, Bamileke languages, Banda languages, Bantu (Other), Basa, Bashkir, Basque, Batak languages, Beja; Bedawiyet, Belarusian, Bemba, Bengali, Berber languages, Bhojpuri, Bihari languages, Bikol, Bini; Edo, Bislama, Blin; Bilin, Blissymbols; Blissymbolics; Bliss, Bosnian, Braj, Breton, Buginese, Bulgarian, Buriat, Burmese, Caddo, Catalan; Valencian, Caucasian languages, Cebuano, Celtic languages, Central American Indian languages, Central Khmer, Chagatai, Chamic languages, Chamorro, Chechen, Cherokee, Cheyenne, Chibcha, Chichewa; Chewa; Nyanja, Chinese, Chinook jargon, Chipewyan; Dene Suline, Choctaw, Chuukese, Chuvash, Classical Newari; Old Newari; Classical Nepal Bhasa, Classical Syriac, Coptic, Cornish, Corsican, Cree, Creek, Creoles and pidgins , Crimean Tatar; Crimean Turkish, Croatian, Cushitic languages, Czech, Dakota, Danish, Dargwa, Delaware, Dinka, Divehi; Dhivehi; Maldivian, Dogri, Dogrib, Dravidian languages, Duala, Dutch; Flemish, Dyula, Dzongkha, Eastern Frisian, Efik, Egyptian (Ancient), Ekajuk, Elamite, English, Erzya, Esperanto, Estonian, Ewe, Ewondo, Fang, Fanti, Faroese, Fijian, Filipino; Pilipino, Finnish, Finno-Ugrian languages, Fon, French, Friulian, Fulah, Ga, Gaelic; Scottish Gaelic, Galibi Carib, Galician, Ganda, Gayo, Gbaya, Geez, Georgian, German, Germanic languages, Gilbertese, Gondi, Gorontalo, Gothic, Grebo, Greek, Modern, Guarani, Gujarati, Gwich'in, Haida, Haitian; Haitian Creole, Hausa, Hawaiian, Hebrew, Herero, Hiligaynon, Himachali languages; Western Pahari languages, Hindi, Hiri Motu, Hittite, Hmong; Mong, Hungarian, Hupa, Iban, Icelandic, Ido, Igbo, Ijo languages, Iloko, Inari Sami, Indic languages, Indo-European languages, Indonesian, Ingush, Interlingue; Occidental, Inuktitut, Inupiaq, Iranian languages, Irish, Iroquoian languages, Italian, Japanese, Javanese, Judeo-Arabic, Judeo-Persian, Kabardian, Kabyle, Kachin; Jingpho, Kalaallisut; Greenlandic, Kalmyk; Oirat, Kamba, Kannada, Kanuri, Kara-Kalpak, Karachay-Balkar, Karelian, Karen languages, Kashmiri, Kashubian, Kawi, Kazakh, Khasi, Khoisan languages, Khotanese; Sakan, Kikuyu; Gikuyu, Kimbundu, Kinyarwanda, Kirghiz; Kyrgyz, Klingon; tlhIngan-Hol, Komi, Kongo, Konkani, Korean, Kosraean, Kpelle, Kru languages, Kuanyama; Kwanyama, Kumyk, Kurdish, Kurukh, Kutenai, Ladino, Lahnda, Lamba, Land Dayak languages, Lao, Latin, Latvian, Lezghian, Limburgan; Limburger; Limburgish, Lingala, Lithuanian, Lojban, Lower Sorbian, Lozi, Luba-Katanga, Luba-Lulua, Luiseno, Lule Sami, Lunda, Luo (Kenya and Tanzania), Lushai, Luxembourgish; Letzeburgesch, Macedonian, Madurese, Magahi, Maithili, Makasar, Malagasy, Malay, Malayalam, Maltese, Manchu, Mandar, Mandingo, Manipuri, Manobo languages, Manx, Maori, Mapudungun; Mapuche, Marathi, Mari, Marshallese, Marwari, Masai, Mayan languages, Mende, Mi'kmaq; Micmac, Minangkabau, Mirandese, Mohawk, Moksha, Mon-Khmer languages, Mongo, Mongolian, Mossi, Multiple languages, Munda languages, N'Ko, Nahuatl languages, Nauru, Navajo; Navaho, Ndebele, North; North Ndebele, Ndebele, South; South Ndebele, Ndonga, Neapolitan, Nepal Bhasa; Newari, Nepali, Nias, Niger-Kordofanian languages, Nilo-Saharan languages, Niuean, North American Indian languages, Northern Frisian, Northern Sami, Norwegian, Nubian languages, Nyamwezi, Nyankole, Nyoro, Nzima, Occitan (post 1500); Provençal, Ojibwa, Oriya, Oromo, Osage, Ossetian; Ossetic, Otomian languages, Pahlavi, Palauan, Pali, Pampanga; Kapampangan, Pangasinan, Panjabi; Punjabi, Papiamento, Papuan languages, Pedi; Sepedi; Northern Sotho, Persian, Philippine languages, Phoenician, Pohnpeian, Polish, Portuguese, Prakrit languages, Pushto; Pashto, Quechua, Rajasthani, Rapanui, Rarotongan; Cook Islands Maori, Romance languages, Romanian; Moldavian; Moldovan, Romansh, Romany, Rundi, Russian, Salishan languages, Samaritan Aramaic, Sami languages, Samoan, Sandawe, Sango, Sanskrit, Santali, Sardinian, Sasak, Scots, Selkup, Semitic languages, Serbian, Serer, Shan, Shona, Sichuan Yi; Nuosu, Sicilian, Sidamo, Sign Languages, Siksika, Sindhi, Sinhala; Sinhalese, Sino-Tibetan languages, Siouan languages, Skolt Sami, Slave (Athapascan), Slavic languages, Slovak, Slovenian, Sogdian, Somali, Songhai languages, Soninke, Sorbian languages, Sotho, Southern, South American Indian (Other), Southern Altai, Southern Sami, Spanish; Castilian, Sranan Tongo, Sukuma, Sumerian, Sundanese, Susu, Swahili, Swati, Swedish, Swiss German; Alemannic; Alsatian, Syriac, Tagalog, Tahitian, Tai languages, Tajik, Tamashek, Tamil, Tatar, Telugu, Tereno, Tetum, Thai, Tibetan, Tigre, Tigrinya, Timne, Tiv, Tlingit, Tok Pisin, Tokelau, Tonga (Nyasa), Tonga (Tonga Islands), Tsimshian, Tsonga, Tswana, Tumbuka, Tupi languages, Turkish, Turkmen, Tuvalu, Tuvinian, Twi, Udmurt, Ugaritic, Uighur; Uyghur, Ukrainian, Umbundu, Uncoded languages, Undetermined, Upper Sorbian, Urdu, Uzbek, Vai, Venda, Vietnamese, Volapük, Votic, Wakashan languages, Walamo, Walloon, Waray, Washo, Welsh, Western Frisian, Wolof, Xhosa, Yakut, Yao, Yapese, Yiddish, Yoruba, Yupik languages, Zande languages, Zapotec, Zaza; Dimili; Dimli; Kirdki; Kirmanjki; Zazaki, Zenaga, Zhuang; Chuang, Zulu, Zuni) for this property.

94

Contextual and psychological factors shaping evaluations and acceptability of energy alternatives: Integrated review and research agenda  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Sustainable energy transitions will be hampered without sufficient public support. Hence, it is important to understand what drives public acceptability of (sustainable) energy alternatives. Evaluations of specific costs, including risks, and benefits of different energy alternatives have been linked to acceptability of these alternatives. But how do people come up with these evaluations, and which evaluations are the key drivers of acceptability? In this review, we propose a comprehensive conceptual framework in which we integrate two growing but so far unconnected bodies of research on how objective characteristics of energy alternatives (i.e., contextual factors), on one hand, and, on the other hand, general psychological factors shape evaluations and acceptability of energy alternatives. Importantly, we identify general factors, particularly values, that may influence evaluations and acceptability of many different energy alternatives on a general as well as community level. We put forward a research agenda with two major themes. First, we lay out possibilities to strengthen the current knowledge basis for a conceptual framework that explains evaluations and acceptability of energy alternatives. Second, we suggest how the framework could be extended to explain evaluations and acceptability of energy alternatives in a more comprehensive and accurate way. Based on the knowledge developed, we discuss policy implications, some of which have not been put forward yet and hence propose new possibilities for interventions aimed at enhancing sustainable energy transitions.

Goda Perlaviciute; Linda Steg

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Energy Price Indices and Discount Factors for Life-Cycle Cost Analysis - 2010  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

5 5 (Rev. 5/10) Energy Price Indices and Discount Factors for Life-Cycle Cost Analysis - 2010 Annual Supplement to Amy S. Rushing NIST Handbook 135 and Joshua D. Kneifel NBS Special Publication 709 Barbara C. Lippiatt U.S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE Technology Administration National Institute of Standards and Technology Prepared for United States Department of Energy Federal Energy Management Program April 2005 May 2010 ENERGY PRICE INDICES AND DISCOUNT FACTORS FOR LIFE-CYCLE COST ANALYSIS Annual Supplement to NIST Handbook 135 and NBS Special Publication 709 April 1, 2010 to March 31, 2011 Data for the Federal Methodology for Life-Cycle Cost Analysis, Title 10, CFR, Part 436, Subpart A; and for the Energy Conservation Mandatory Performance Standards for New Federal Residential Buildings,

96

Energy Price Indices and Discount Factors for Life-Cycle Cost Analysis - 2011  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

April 2005 April 2005 NISTIR 85-3273-26 (Rev. 9/11) Energy Price Indices and Discount Factors for Life-Cycle Cost Analysis - 2011 Annual Supplement to Amy S. Rushing NIST Handbook 135 and Joshua D. Kneifel NBS Special Publication 709 Barbara C. Lippiatt U.S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE Technology Administration National Institute of Standards and Technology Prepared for United States Department of Energy Federal Energy Management Program September 2011 NISTIR 85-3273-26 ENERGY PRICE INDICES AND DISCOUNT FACTORS FOR LIFE-CYCLE COST ANALYSIS Annual Supplement to NIST Handbook 135 and NBS Special Publication 709 April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012 Data for the Federal Methodology for Life-Cycle Cost Analysis, Title 10, CFR, Part 436, Subpart A; and for the Energy Conservation Mandatory Performance Standards for New Federal Residential Buildings,

97

Energy Factors, Leasing Structure and the Market Price of Office Buildings  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Energy Factors, Leasing Structure and the Market Price of Office Buildings Energy Factors, Leasing Structure and the Market Price of Office Buildings in the U.S. Speaker(s): Nancy Wallace Date: June 15, 2011 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Paul Mathew The talk will cover the results from an empirical paper that analyzes the relationship between energy factor markets, leasing structures and the transaction prices of office buildings in the {U.S.} We employ a large sample of 15,133 office building transactions that occurred between 2001 and 2010. In addition to building characteristics, we also include information on the operating expenses, the net operating income, and the market capitalization rates at sale to estimate an asset pricing model for commercial office real estate assets. A further set of important controls

98

Meteorological parameters as an important factor on the energy recovery of landfill gas in landfills  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The effect of meteorological factors on the composition and the energy recovery of the landfill gas (LFG) were evaluated in this study. Landfill gas data consisting of methane carbon dioxide and oxygen content as well as LFG temperature were collected from April 2009 to March 2010 along with meteorological data. The data set were first used to visualize the similarity by using self-organizing maps and to calculate correlation factors. Then the data was used with ANN to further analyze the impacts of meteorological factors. In both analysis it is seen that the most important meteorological parameter effective on LFG energy content is soil temperatures. Furthermore ANN was found to be successful in explaining variations of methane content and temperature of LFG with correlation coefficients of 0.706 and 0.984 respectively. ANN was proved itself to be a useful tool for estimating energy recovery of the landfill gas.

?brahim Uyanik; Bestamin Özkaya; Selami Demir; Mehmet Çakmakci

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

Exogenous Fibroblast Growth Factors Maintain Viability, Promote Proliferation, and Suppress GADD45? and GAS6 Transcript Content of Prostate Cancer Cells Genetically Modified to Lack Endogenous FGF-2  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Fibroblast Growth Factors Maintain Viability...7703 Floyd Curl Drive, MSC 7836, San...fibroblast growth factor (FGF-1) or endogenous...arrest sequences (GAS) family genes...fibroblast growth factor: potentiation of...growth mediated by natural or chimeric nuclear...

Sydney A. Shain

2004-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

Numerical studies of the high power microwave breakdown in gas using the fluid model with a modified electron energy distribution function  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A modified electron energy distribution function (EEDF) is introduced into the fluid model and its effects on the high power microwave (HPM) breakdown in air and argon are investigated. A proper numerical scheme for the finite-difference time-domain method is employed to solve the fluid model. Numerical simulations show that the HPM breakdown time in argon predicted by the fluid model with the modified EEDF agrees well with the results of Particle-in-cell-Monte Carlo collision simulations, while the Maxwellian EEDF results in faster HPM breakdown when the mean electron energy is less than 20 eV. We also confirm that the Maxwellian EEDF can be used in the fluid model for simulating the air breakdown at the low frequencies based on the reported experiments.

Zhao Pengcheng; Liao Cheng; Lin Chenbin; Chang Lei; Fu Haijun [Institute of Electromagnetics, Southwest Jiaotong University, Chengdu 610031 (China)

2011-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "modified energy factor" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Evaluation of the energy states of hydrogen atom using Schroedinger equation with a Coulomb potential modified by the interaction between the magnetic moments of the proton and electron  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper we have performed the calculus of the energy states of hydrogen atom by using the Schroedinger equation with a Coulomb potential which is modified by the interaction between the magnetic moments of the proton and the electron, respectively. The important result is that the Lamb shift appears as a natural result of the solution of Schroedinger equation. The obtained results are in a good agreement with experimental data.

Voicu Dolocan

2014-04-06T23:59:59.000Z

102

Energy Price Indices and Discount Factors for Life-Cycle Cost Analysis-2013  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

8 8 Energy Price Indices and Discount Factors for Life-Cycle Cost Analysis - 2013 Annual Supplement to NIST Handbook 135 and NBS Special Publication 709 Amy S. Rushing Joshua D. Kneifel Barbara C. Lippiatt http://dx.doi.org/10.6028/NIST.IR.85-3273-28 U.S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE Technology Administration National Institute of Standards and Technology Prepared for United States Department of Energy Federal Energy Management Program April 2005 NISTIR 85-3273-28 Energy Price Indices and Discount Factors for Life-Cycle Cost Analysis - 2013 Annual Supplement to NIST Handbook 135 and NBS Special Publication 709 Amy S. Rushing Joshua D. Kneifel Barbara C. Lippiatt Applied Economics Office Engineering Laboratory http://dx.doi.org/10.6028/NIST.IR.85-3273-28

103

Energy Price Indices and Discount Factors for Life-Cycle Cost Analysis - 2012  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

7 7 Energy Price Indices and Discount Factors for Life-Cycle Cost Analysis - 2012 Annual Supplement to NIST Handbook 135 and NBS Special Publication 709 Amy S. Rushing Joshua D. Kneifel Barbara C. Lippiatt http://dx.doi.org/10.6028/NIST.IR.85-3273-27 U.S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE Technology Administration National Institute of Standards and Technology Prepared for United States Department of Energy Federal Energy Management Program April 2005 NISTIR 85-3273-27 Energy Price Indices and Discount Factors for Life-Cycle Cost Analysis - 2012 Annual Supplement to NIST Handbook 135 and NBS Special Publication 709 Amy S. Rushing Joshua D. Kneifel Barbara C. Lippiatt Applied Economics Office Engineering Laboratory http://dx.doi.org/10.6028/NIST.IR.85-3273-27

104

High energy factorization in nucleus-nucleus collisions. III. Long range rapidity correlations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We obtain a novel result in QCD for long range rapidity correlations between gluons produced in the collision of saturated high energy hadrons or nuclei. This result, obtained in a high energy factorization framework, provides strong justification for the Glasma flux tube picture of coherent strong color fields. Our formalism can be applied to 'near side ridge' events at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider and in future studies of long range rapidity correlations at the LHC.

Gelis, Francois [Theory Division, PH-TH, Case C01600, CERN, CH-1211, Geneva 23 (Switzerland); Institut de Physique Theorique (URA 2306 du CNRS), CEA/DSM/Saclay, Bat. 774, 91191, Gif-sur-Yvette Cedex (France); Lappi, Tuomas [Institut de Physique Theorique (URA 2306 du CNRS), CEA/DSM/Saclay, Bat. 774, 91191, Gif-sur-Yvette Cedex (France); Venugopalan, Raju [Physics Department, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973 (United States)

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Quenching Factor for Low Energy Nuclear Recoils in a Plastic Scintillator  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Plastic scintillators are widely used in industry, medicine and scientific research, including nuclear and particle physics. Although one of their most common applications is in neutron detection, experimental data on their response to low-energy nuclear recoils are scarce. Here, the relative scintillation efficiency for neutron-induced nuclear recoils in a polystyrene-based plastic scintillator (UPS-923A) is presented, exploring recoil energies between 125 keV and 850 keV. Monte Carlo simulations, incorporating light collection efficiency and energy resolution effects, are used to generate neutron scattering spectra which are matched to observed distributions of scintillation signals to parameterise the energy-dependent quenching factor. At energies above 300 keV the dependence is reasonably described using the semi-empirical formulation of Birks and a kB factor of (0.014+/-0.002) g/MeVcm^2 has been determined. Below that energy the measured quenching factor falls more steeply than predicted by the Birks formalism.

L. Reichhart; D. Yu. Akimov; H. M. Araujo; E. J. Barnes; V. A. Belov; A. A. Burenkov; V. Chepel; A. Currie; L. DeViveiros; B. Edwards; V. Francis; C. Ghag; A. Hollingsworth; M. Horn; G. E. Kalmus; A. S. Kobyakin; A. G. Kovalenko; V. N. Lebedenko; A. Lindote; M. I. Lopes; R. Luscher; P. Majewski; A. St J. Murphy; F. Neves; S. M. Paling; J. Pinto da Cunha; R. Preece; J. J. Quenby; P. R. Scovell; C. Silva; V. N. Solovov; N. J. T. Smith; P. F. Smith; V. N. Stekhanov; T. J. Sumner; C. Thorne; R. J. Walker

2011-11-09T23:59:59.000Z

106

Analyzing high-energy factorization beyond next-to-leading logarithmic accuracy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We provide a complete and detailed study of the high-energy limit of four-parton scattering amplitudes in QCD, giving explicit results at two loops and higher orders, and going beyond next-to-leading logarithmic (NLL) accuracy. Building upon recent results, we use the techniques of infrared factorization to investigate the failure of the simplest form of Regge factorization, starting at next-to-next-to-leading logarithmic accuracy (NNLL) in ln(s/|t|). We provide detailed accounts and explicit expressions for the terms responsible for this breaking in the case of two-loop and three-loop quark and gluon amplitudes in QCD; in particular, we recover and explain a known non-logarithmic double-pole contribution at two-loops, and we compute all non-factorizing single-logarithmic singular contributions at three loops. Conversely, we use high-energy factorization to show that the hard functions of infrared factorization vanish in d = 4 to all orders in the coupling, up to NLL accuracy in ln(s/|t|). This provides clear evidence for the infrared origin of high-energy logarithms. Finally, we extend earlier studies to t-channel exchanges of color representations beyond the octet, which enables us to give predictions based on the dipole formula for single-pole NLL contributions at three and four loops.

Vittorio Del Duca; Giulio Falcioni; Lorenzo Magnea; Leonardo Vernazza

2014-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

107

Energy Guideline Factors Provide a Better Measure of Refinery Energy Performance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Exxon Company, U.S.A. refineries reduced energy consumption by 25% between 1972 and 1978 compared with an 18% reduction for the U.S. Petroleum Refining Industry over the same period. The Exxon approach to conserving energy in petroleum refining...

Libbers, D. D.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

The Astrophysical S-factor of the 12C(?,?)16O Reaction at Solar Energies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The astrophysical S-factor of the 4He-12C radiative capture is calculated in the potential model at the energy range 0.1-2.0 MeV. Radiative capture 12C(\\alpha,\\gamma)16O is extremely relevant for the fate of massive stars and determines if the remnant of a supernova explosion becomes a black hole or a neutron star. Because this reaction occurs at low-energies the experimental measurements is very difficult and perhaps impossible. In this paper, radiative capture of the 12C(\\alpha,\\gamma)16O reaction at very low-energies is taken as a case study. In comparison with other theoretical methods and available experimental data, excellent agreement is achieved for the astrophysical S-factor of this process.

H. Sadeghi; R. Ghasemi; H. Khalili

2013-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

109

Analyzing high-energy factorization beyond next-to-leading logarithmic accuracy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We provide a complete and detailed study of the high-energy limit of four-parton scattering amplitudes in QCD, giving explicit results at two loops and higher orders, and going beyond next-to-leading logarithmic (NLL) accuracy. Building upon recent results, we use the techniques of infrared factorization to investigate the failure of the simplest form of Regge factorization, starting at next-to-next-to-leading logarithmic accuracy (NNLL) in ln(s/|t|). We provide detailed accounts and explicit expressions for the terms responsible for this breaking in the case of two-loop and three-loop quark and gluon amplitudes in QCD; in particular, we recover and explain a known non-logarithmic double-pole contribution at two-loops, and we compute all non-factorizing single-logarithmic singular contributions at three loops. Conversely, we use high-energy factorization to show that the hard functions of infrared factorization vanish in d = 4 to all orders in the coupling, up to NLL accuracy in ln(s/|t|). This provides clear...

Del Duca, Vittorio; Magnea, Lorenzo; Vernazza, Leonardo

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Implications of weighting factors on technology preference in net zero energy buildings  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract With the current movement towards Net Zero Energy Buildings (Net ZEBs) decisions regarding energy carrier weighting factors will have implications on which technologies could be favoured or disfavoured, and therefore adopted or not adopted, in the building sector of the near future. These implications should be taken into consideration by policy makers when developing legislation and regulations addressing the building sector. A parametric analysis was conducted on six buildings in Europe of different typologies and climates in order to assess how different weighting factors would impact the choice of technical systems to be installed. For each combination the amount of PV capacity necessary to achieve a net zero balance has been calculated and used as the main indicator for comparison; where less PV area means more favourable condition. The effect of including a solar thermal system is also discussed. With the current European national weighting factors, biomass boiler is largely the preferred solution, frequently achieving the balance with PV installed on the roof, while gas boiler is the most penalized. The situation changes when strategic weighting factors are applied. Lower weighting factors for electricity and district heating, e.g. reflecting national targets of increased penetration of renewables in such grids, would promote the use of heat pump and district heating, respectively. Asymmetric factors aimed at rewarding electricity export to the grid would facilitate the achievement of the zero balance for all technologies, promoting cogeneration in some cases. On the contrary, low weighting factors for electricity, e.g. reflecting a scenario of high decarbonisation of the power system, prove quite demanding; only few technical solutions would be able to reach the balance within the available roof area for PV, because of the low value credited to exported electricity. In this situation, the preferred solution would be heat pumps combined with solar thermal. In addition, the choice of weighting factors and the resulting favoured technologies will determine the temporal matching of load and generation. While all-electric solutions tend to use the grid as seasonal storage, other solutions will have a yearly net export of electricity to the grid to compensate for the supply of other (thermal) energy carriers. Therefore, it is important to consider the implications for the electricity grid resulting from the choice of weighting factors.

F. Noris; E. Musall; J. Salom; B. Berggren; S. Østergaard Jensen; K. Lindberg; I. Sartori

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Key issues of tidal energy and factors affecting it globally with civil structures  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper focus on some of the key challenges to be met in the development of marine energy, it present prototype form to being a widely deployed contributor to future energy supply of the world. Large-scale wave and tidal current prototypes have been demonstrated around the world, but marine renewable energy technology is still 10-15 years behind that of wind energy. However, having started later, the developing technology can make use of more advanced science and engineering, and it is therefore reasonable to expect rapid progress. Many scientific advances are required to meet these challenges and their likelihood is explored based on current and future capabilities. The paper incorporating aspects of technology, power production effects and capital cost factor implications. The aim is to give grounding in the nature of the industry, the current state of the industry and the key factors which will potentially shape and limit the growth of the industry. This is achieved by evaluating tidal power from technological, environmental and socioeconomic viewpoints.

Kiranben V. Patel; Suvin M. Patel

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Model selection for modified gravity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...achieved with the dark energy survey (DES,-[22...decisively distinguish dark energy from flat DGP-modified...galaxies in the survey. Pan-STARRS...to distinguish a dark energy model will depend...wide-field photometric surveys, using three-dimensional...

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Modified fuzzy algorithm based safety analysis of nuclear energy for sustainable hydrogen production in climate change prevention  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The high temperature coolant of nuclear power plants (NPPs) has been investigated for the hydrogen production, which could be a major role of a green energy promotion. An accident of the high temperature gas cooled reactor (HTGR) is modeled for the stabilized hydrogen production using nuclear energy. For the clean energy resource pursuit in preventing the climate change, the hydrogen is one of very attractive energy sources. The non-operational data could be produced by the fuzzy set theory which is one of non-linear complex algorithms. So, the result can show the possibility of the event happening instead of the exact solutions. The random numbers are generated for membership numbers of the fuzzy function. The event manipulation is done by new membership numbers for the propagations. The final result is 1.0 in 8 times during 100 months. So, the frequency is 0.08, or 8% of successful long-term cooling by conduction.

Tae Ho Woo

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

A thermodynamic motivation for dark energy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

It is argued that the discovery of cosmic acceleration could have been anticipated ... large scale factor. Therefore, the existence of dark energy—or equivalently, some modified gravity theory—should...

Ninfa Radicella; Diego Pavón

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Viscosity in modified gravity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A bulk viscosity is introduced in the formalism of modified gravity. It is shown that, on the basis of a natural scaling law for the viscosity, a simple solution can be found for quantities such as the Hubble parameter and the energy density. These solutions may incorporate a viscosity-induced Big Rip singularity. By introducing a phase transition in the cosmic fluid, the future singularity can nevertheless in principle be avoided.

Iver Brevik

2012-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

116

Multiple Factors Affecting Cellular Redox Status and Energy Metabolism Modulate Hypoxia-Inducible Factor Prolyl Hydroxylase Activity In Vivo and In Vitro  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...use of these cells allowed us to monitor GHO hydroxylation status without using proteasome inhibitors...found that MitoQ could not help us to distinguish between these...factors affecting cellular redox status and energy metabolism modulate hypoxia-inducible...

Yi Pan; Kyle D. Mansfield; Cara C. Bertozzi; Viktoriya Rudenko; Denise A. Chan; Amato J. Giaccia; M. Celeste Simon

2006-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

117

Low-temperature TiO2 Films for Dye-sensitized Solar Cells: Factors Affecting Energy Conversion Efficiency  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Low-temperature TiO2 Films for Dye-sensitized Solar Cells: Factors Affecting Energy Conversion Efficiency ... The difference in short-circuit current is a factor of 2.2 with the Ru-based dye N719 and is 3.5 with the organic dye D5. ...

Alexander G. Agrios; Anders Hagfeldt

2008-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

118

factors | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

36 36 Varnish cache server Browse Upload data GDR 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load) Throttled (bot load) Guru Meditation: XID: 2142253836 Varnish cache server factors Dataset Summary Description This dataset is from the report Operational water consumption and withdrawal factors for electricity generating technologies: a review of existing literature (J. Macknick, R. Newmark, G. Heath and K.C. Hallett) and provides estimates of operational water withdrawal and water consumption factors for electricity generating technologies in the United States. Estimates of water factors were collected from published primary literature and were not modified except for unit conversions. Source National Renewable Energy Laboratory Date Released August 28th, 2012 (2 years ago)

119

Factorization of tree QCD amplitudes in the high-energy limit and in the collinear limit  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In the high-energy limit, we compute the gauge-invariant three-parton forward clusters, which in the BFKL theory constitute the tree parts of the NNLO impact factors. In the triple collinear limit, we obtain the polarized double-splitting functions. For the unpolarized and the spin-correlated double-splitting functions, our results agree with the ones obtained by Campbell-Glover and Catani-Grazzini, respectively. In addition, we compute the four-gluon forward cluster, which in the BFKL theory forms the tree part of the NNNLO gluonic impact factor. In the quadruple collinear limit we obtain the unpolarized triple-splitting functions, while in the limit of a three-parton central cluster we derive the Lipatov vertex for the production of three gluons, relevant for the calculation of a BFKL ladder at NNLL accuracy. Finally, motivated by the reorganization of the color in the high-energy limit, we introduce a color decomposition of the purely gluonic tree amplitudes in terms of the linearly independent subamplitudes only.

Vittorio Del Duca; Alberto Frizzo; Fabio Maltoni

1999-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

120

Interaction between building design, management, household and individual factors in relation to energy use for space heating in apartment buildings  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In Stockholm, 472 multi-family buildings with 7554 dwellings has been selected by stratified random sampling. Information about building characteristics and property management was gathered from each property owners. Energy use for space heating was collected from the utility company. Perceived thermal comfort, household and personal factors were assessed by a standardized self-administered questionnaire, answered by one adult person in each dwelling, and a proportion of each factor was calculated for each building. Statistical analysis was performed by multiple linear regression models with control for relevant factors all at the same time in the model. Energy use for heating was significantly related to the building age, type of building and ventilation, length of time since the last heating adjustment, ownership form, proportion of females, and proportion of occupants expressing thermal discomfort. How beneficial energy efficiency measures will be may depend on the relationship between energy use and factors related to the building and the property maintenance together with household and personal factors, as all these factors interact with each other. The results show that greater focus should be on real estate management and maintenance and also a need for research with a gender perspective on energy use for space heating.

Karin Engvall; Erik Lampa; Per Levin; Per Wickman; Egil Öfverholm

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "modified energy factor" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Modified entropic force  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The theory of statistical thermodynamics tells us the equipartition law of energy does not hold in the limit of very low temperatures. It is found the Debye model is very successful in explaining the experimental results for most of the solid objects. Motivated by this fact, we modify the entropic force formula which is proposed very recently. Since the Unruh temperature is proportional to the strength of the gravitational field, so the modified entropic force formula is an extension of the Newtonian gravity to the weak field. On the contrary, general relativity extends Newtonian gravity to the strong field case. Corresponding to Debye temperature, there exists a Debye acceleration g{sub D}. It is found the Debye acceleration is g{sub D}=10{sup -15} N kg{sup -1}. This acceleration is very much smaller than the gravitational acceleration 10{sup -4} N kg{sup -1} which is felt by Neptune and the gravitational acceleration 10{sup -10} N kg{sup -1} felt by the Sun. Therefore, the modified entropic force can be very well approximated by the Newtonian gravity in the Solar System and in the Galaxy. With this Debye acceleration, we find the current cosmic speeding up can be explained without invoking any kind of dark energy.

Gao Changjun [National Astronomical Observatories, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Key Laboratory of Optical Astronomy, NAOC, CAS, Beijing, 100012 and Kavli Institute for Theoretical Physics China, CAS, Beijing 100190 (China)

2010-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

122

Waste-to-energy in the United States: Socioeconomic factors and the decision-making process  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Municipal solid waste (MSW) combustion with energy recovery, commonly called waste-to-energy (WTE), was adopted by many US communities during the 1980s to manage their growing quantities of MSW. Although less than one percent of all US MSW was burned to retrieve its heat energy in 1970, WTE grew to account for 16 percent of MSW in 1990, and many experts forecasted that WTE would be used to manage as much as half of all garbage by the turn of the century. However, the growth of WTE has been reduced in recent years by project cancellations. This study takes an in-depth look at the socioeconomic factors that have played a role in the decisions of communities that have considered WTE as a component of their solid waste management strategies. More specifically, a three-pronged approach is adopted to investigate (1) the relationships between a municipality`s decision to consider and accept/reject WTE and key socioeconomic parameters, (2) the potential impacts of recent changes in financial markets on the viability of WTE, and (3) the WTE decision-making process and the socioeconomic parameters that are most important in the municipality`s decision. The first two objectives are met by the collection and analysis of aggregate data on all US WTE initiatives during the 1982 to 1990 time frame. The latter objective is met by way of four in-depth case studies -- two directed at communities that have accepted WTE and two that have cancelled WTE projects.

Curlee, T.R.; Schexnayder, S.M.; Vogt, D.P.; Wolfe, A.K.; Kelsay, M.P.; Feldman, D.L. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)

1993-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Energy Factors, Leasing Structure and the Market Price of Office Buildings in the U.S.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

contractual, energy and market-related characteristics. Alocal-level wholesale energy market price dynamics and localfunction of local energy-market and weather characteristics

Jaffee, Dwight; Stanton, Richard; Wallace, Nancy

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Energy Factors, Leasing Structure and the Market Price of Office Buildings in the U.S.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

such as the energy efficiency of building engineeringIEA, 2008, Energy efficiency requirements in building codes,motivating energy-efficiency in these buildings. 2 Direct

Jaffee, Dwight; Stanton, Richard; Wallace, Nancy

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

Energy Factors, Leasing Structure and the Market Price of Office Buildings in the U.S.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

contractual, energy and market-related characteristics. Afunction of local energy-market and weather characteristicslocal-level wholesale energy market price dynamics and local

Jaffee, Dwight; Stanton, Richard; Wallace, Nancy

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Relative Response to Low-Energy Photons and Determination of Instrument Correction Factors for Portable Radiation Instrumentation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

keV for the Eberline Teletector 6112B low and high-range detectors, respectively. A correction factor of 0.8 should be applied for photons below 120 keV for the Eberline RO-7-BM. For the Thermo Mk2 EPD, a correction factor of 1.25 should... energy model (left). Side view with the aluminum case removed (right).................................................................. 15 6 Front view of a Thermo MK2 electronic personal dosimeter (left). Disassembled view; the compensating...

Wagoner, David Andrew

2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

127

Compilation of Diversity Factors and Schedules for Energy and Cooling Load Calculations, ASHRAE Research Project 1093-RP, Final Report  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that are developed, b) graphical output of the diversity profiles, and c) ready-to-use input files for the DOE-2, BLAST and EnergyPlus simulation programs. Electronic copies of all the diversity factor profiles in this report are provided in the accompanying CDROM... 3.1 Introduction 3.2 Spreadsheet for Diversity Factor Calculation 3.2.1 Preprocessing the Raw Data 3.2.2 Basic Calculation 3.2.3 Producing Tables and Graphs 3.2.4 Producing the DOE-2, BLAST, and EnergyPlus Input Files 3.2.5 Using...

Abushakra, B.; Sreshthaputra, A.; Haberl, J. S.; Claridge, D. E.

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Carrier recombination flux in bulk heterojunction polymer:fullerene solar cells: Effect of energy disorder on ideality factor  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Energy disorder reduces the achievable open-circuit voltage in organic bulk-heterojunction solar cells. Here the effect of disorder on charge carrier recombination flux is numerically modeled. The recombination current follows an exponential dependence on voltage (Fermi level splitting) parameterized by ? (inverse of the diode ideality factor), which reduces the power conversion efficiency through lower fill factors. ?-Parameter approaches unity (Boltzmann approximation) at room temperature only in the case of weak disorder (? ? 50 meV). For larger disorder values (? ? 100 meV) usually encountered in real devices, a huge reduction in ? (open-circuit voltage, and fill factor) is predicted following a relationship as ? ? ln ??1.

Germà Garcia-Belmonte

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

In vitro Toxicity of A-431 Carcinoma Cells with Antibodies to Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor and Epithelial Glycoprotein-1 Conjugated to Radionuclides Emitting Low-Energy Electrons  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...anti-epidermal growth factor receptor and...which emit low-energy Auger and conversion electrons. Conjugates...emitting low-energy electrons to...anti-epidermal growth factor receptor and...which emit low-energy Auger and conversion electrons. Conjugates...

Rosana B. Michel; Mary Ellen Castillo; Philip M. Andrews; and M. Jules Mattes

2004-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

The effects of physical factors on the quality of the dual high-energy identification of the material of an inspected object  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A significance criterion was formulated for the effect of physical factors on the quality of the dual high-energy identification of the material of an inspected ... the effects of different physical factors on th...

S. P. Osipov; A. K. Temnik; S. V. Chakhlov

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

LORENTZ-FACTOR-ISOTROPIC-LUMINOSITY/ENERGY CORRELATIONS OF GAMMA-RAY BURSTS AND THEIR INTERPRETATION  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The bulk Lorentz factor of the gamma-ray burst (GRB) ejecta ({Gamma}{sub 0}) is a key parameter to understanding GRB physics. Liang et al. have discovered a correlation between {Gamma}{sub 0} and isotropic {gamma}-ray energy: {Gamma}{sub 0}{proportional_to}E{sup 0.25}{sub {gamma},iso,52}. By including more GRBs with updated data and more methods to derive {Gamma}{sub 0}, we confirm this correlation and obtain {Gamma}{sub 0} {approx_equal} 91E{sup 0.29}{sub {gamma},iso,52}. Evaluating the mean isotropic {gamma}-ray luminosities L{sub {gamma},iso} of the GRBs in the same sample, we discover an even tighter correlation {Gamma}{sub 0} {approx_equal} 249L{sup 0.30}{sub {gamma},iso,52}. We propose an interpretation to this later correlation. Invoking a neutrino-cooled hyperaccretion disk around a stellar mass black hole as the central engine of GRBs, we derive jet luminosity powered by neutrino annihilation and baryon loading from a neutrino-driven wind. Applying beaming correction, we finally derive {Gamma}{sub 0}{proportional_to}L{sup 0.22}{sub {gamma},iso}, which is consistent with the data. This suggests that the central engine of long GRBs is likely a stellar mass black hole surrounded by a hyper-accreting disk.

Lue Jing; Zou Yuanchuan; Lei Weihua; Wu Qingwen; Wang Dingxiong [School of Physics, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430074 (China); Zhang Bing; Lue Houjun [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Nevada Las Vegas, 4505 Maryland Parkway, Box 454002, Las Vegas, NV 89154-4002 (United States); Liang Enwei, E-mail: zouyc@hust.edu.cn, E-mail: leiwh@hust.edu.cn, E-mail: zhang@physics.unlv.edu [Department of Physics, Guangxi University, Nanning 530004 (China)

2012-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

132

Effect of the energy dependence of the carrier scattering time on the thermoelectric power factor of quantum wells and nanowires  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Physics. [http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.4729381] The efficiency of a thermoelectric material is deter- minedEffect of the energy dependence of the carrier scattering time on the thermoelectric power factor thermoelectric performance of solid solutions CuGa1-xInxTe2 (x=0­1.0) Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 231903 (2012

Anlage, Steven

133

Light is one of the most important environmental factors for plants, as it provides the source of energy for plant  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Light is one of the most important environmental factors for plants, as it provides the source of energy for plant life. It is therefore not surprising that plants have adopted the ability to sense multiple parameters of ambient light signals, including light quantity (fluence), quality (wavelength

Deng, Xing-Wang

134

Determining factors in process of socio-technical adequacy of renewable energy in Andean Communities of Salta, Argentina  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The use of renewable energy presents a great potential to solve energy problems in remote communities. However, in populations of the northwestern of Argentina, there are a large number of abandoned devices. This situation motivated the research on the processes of ‘technology transfer’, in order to make theoretical and methodological contributions to help to improve them. The development of this work was based on the analysis of case studies in the Andean communities of Cabrería, San Juan and Las Capillas (Province of Salta, Argentina) where solar water heaters were ‘transferred’. The main results presented in this paper are the identification, assessment and analysis of factors and sub-factors that conditions the analyzed processes. There were identified the following determining factors: solar technology, community participation, involvement of technicians, inter-institutional coordination, logistics and monitoring of the project, and structure of the community. The analysis of interaction showed a strong interdependence among factors, in this manner; the way in which a factor is applied directly influences the development of other factors. Finally, it should be noted that although the analyzed experiences have much in common, each situation of socio-technical adequacy is particular and therefore it requires the opening-up of researchers and technicians to adapt technologies and methodological approaches of these processes.

K.N. Escalante; S. Belmonte; M.D. Gea

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

The Astrophysical S-factor of the 12C(\\alpha,\\gamma)16O Reaction at Solar Energies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The astrophysical S-factor of the 4He-12C radiative capture is calculated in the potential model at the energy range 0.1-2.0 MeV. Radiative capture 12C(\\alpha,\\gamma)16O is extremely relevant for the fate of massive stars and determines if the remnant of a supernova explosion becomes a black hole or a neutron star. Because this reaction occurs at low-energies the experimental measurements is very difficult and perhaps impossible. In this paper, radiative capture of the 12C(\\alpha,\\gamma)16O reaction at very low-energies is taken as a case study. In comparison with other theoretical methods and available experimental data, excellent agreement is achieved for the astrophysical S-factor of this process.

Sadeghi, H; Khalili, H

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

Low energy R-matrix fits for the 6Li(d,a)4He S factor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Background: The information about the 6Li(d,a)4He reaction rates of the astrophysical interest can be obtained by extrapolating direct data to the lower energies, or by indirect methods. The indirect Trojan Horse method, as well as various R-matrix and polynomial fits to direct data, estimate the electron screening energies much larger than the adiabatic limit. Calculations that include the subthreshold resonance estimate smaller screening energies. Purpose: Obtain the 6Li(d,a)4He reaction R-matrix parameters and the astrophysical S factor for the energies relevant to the stellar plasmas by fitting the R-matrix formulas for the subthreshold resonances to the S factor data above 60 keV. Methods: The bare S factor is calculated using the single and the two-level R-matrix formulas for the closest to the threshold 0+ and 2+ subthreshold states at 22.2, 20.2 and 20.1 MeV. The electron screening potential Ue is then obtained by fitting it as a single parameter to the low energy data. Results: The low energy S factor is dominated by the 2+ subthreshold resonance at 22.2 MeV. The influence of the other two subthreshold states is small. R-matrix fits result in the electron screening that is smaller than the adiabatic value. Neglecting the electron screening above 60 keV reduces the electron screening potential significantly. Calculations show a large ambiguity associated with a choice of the initial channel radius. Conclusions: The R matrix fits do not show a significantly larger Ue than predicted by the atomic physics models. The R-matrix best fit produces Ue=149.5 eV and Sb(0)=21.7 MeV b.

J. Grineviciute; A. M. Mukhamedzhanov; L. Lamia; C. Spitaleri; M. La Cognata

2014-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

137

The Impacts of Contributory Factors in the Gap between Predicted and Actual Office Building Energy Use  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Ten years ago, the primary author developed the Building Energy-Efficient Hive (BEEHive) concept in order ... – can support the design and operation of energy-efficient office buildings. This was a result of his ...

Emeka E. Osaji; Subashini Suresh; Ezekiel Chinyio

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

Will Offshore Energy Face “Fair Winds and Following Seas”?: Understanding the Factors Influencing Offshore Wind Acceptance  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Most offshore energy studies have focused on measuring or ... the other surrounds a more general acceptance of offshore energy. Understanding what drives this second type ... s evaluations of the benefits and cos...

Mario F. Teisl; Shannon McCoy; Sarah Marrinan; Caroline L. Noblet…

2014-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Disturbance of Energy Transfer as a Factor Promoting Changes in the Biologic Behavior of Tumor Cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...solution of Janus green B in the path of...that the transfer of energy produced during the...solution of Janus green B in the path of...that the transfer of energy produced during the...development of pathologic energy transfer. INTRODUCTION...of the dye Janus green B (JgB) on Amytal-induced...

Andor Udvardy and Roland Holland

1969-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Disturbance of Energy Transfer as a Factor Promoting Changes in the Biologic Behavior of Tumor Cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...of a pathologic intracellular energy transfer. It was thus necessary...RESEARCH VOL. 29 Disturbance of Energy Transfer in Tumor Cells to prove...have an absolute requirement of energy; (c) to find out whether...diminish the thermal effects. The mix- ture was then intraperitoneally...

Andor Udvardy and Roland Holland

1969-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "modified energy factor" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Astrophysical S(E) factor of the (15)N(p, alpha)(12)C reaction at sub-Coulomb energies via the Trojan horse method  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The low-energy bare-nucleus cross section for (15)N(p, alpha)(12)C is extracted by means of the Trojan horse method applied to the (2)H((15)N,alpha(12)C)n reaction at E(beam) = 60 MeV. For the first time we applied the modified half...

La Cognata, M.; Romano, S.; Spitaleri, C.; Cherubini, S.; Crucilla, V.; Gulino, M.; Lamia, L.; Pizzone, R. G.; Tumino, A.; Tribble, Robert E.; Fu, Changbo; Goldberg, V. Z.; Mukhamedzhanov, A. M.; Schmidt, D.; Tabacaru, G.; Trache, L.; Irgaziev, B. F.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Test particle motion in modified gravity theories  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We derive the equations of motion of an electrically neutral test particle for modified gravity theories in which the covariant divergence of the ordinary matter energy-momentum tensor dose not vanish (i.e. $\

Mahmood Roshan

2013-02-05T23:59:59.000Z

143

Research on Factors Relating to Density and Climate Change | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Research on Factors Relating to Density and Climate Change Research on Factors Relating to Density and Climate Change Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Research on Factors Relating to Density and Climate Change Agency/Company /Organization: National Association of Home Builders Focus Area: Multi-sector Impact Evaluation Topics: Policy Impacts Resource Type: Reports, Journal Articles, & Tools Website: www.nahb.org/fileUpload_details.aspx?contentID=139993 This document talks about the increase residential density, primarily on the grounds that it will reduce vehicle miles traveled,a measure that is closely related to the GHG emissions from driving. References Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Research_on_Factors_Relating_to_Density_and_Climate_Change&oldid=515031"

144

Energy technology characterizations handbook: environmental pollution and control factors. Third edition  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This Handbook deals with environmental characterization information for a range of energy-supply systems and provides supplementary information on environmental controls applicable to a select group of environmentally characterized energy systems. Environmental residuals, physical-resource requirements, and discussion of applicable standards are the principal information provided. The quantitative and qualitative data provided are useful for evaluating alternative policy and technical strategies and for assessing the environmental impact of facility siting, energy production, and environmental controls.

Not Available

1983-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

Design and performance evaluation of a unity power factor converter for wind energy conversion systems.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Wind turbine driven Permanent Magnet Synchronous Generators (PMSG) find increasing applications due to their numerous advantages. Small scale stand-alone wind energy systems are receiving considerable… (more)

Nirnaya Sarangan.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

Factors Controlling the Input of Electrical Energy into a Fish in an ...  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In order to determine the electrical energy - input into a fish, both voltage and resistance, as applied to the fish itself, should be known. Neither of these quantities ...

1999-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

147

Extrapolation of the astrophysical S factor for ^7Be(p,gamma)^8B to solar energies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We investigate the energy dependence of the astrophysical $S$ factor for the reaction $^7$Be$(p,\\gamma)^8$B, the primary source of high-energy solar neutrinos in the solar $pp$ chain. Using simple models we explore the model dependence in the extrapolation of the experimental data to the region of astrophysical interest near 20 keV. We find that below approximately 400 keV the energy dependence is very well understood and constrained by the data for the elastic scattering of low energy neutrons from $^7$Li. Above 400 keV nuclear distortion of the wave function of the incident proton introduces a significant model dependence. This is particularly important for the s-wave contribution to the $S$ factor. The extracted value of S(0) is $19.0 \\pm 1.0 \\pm 0.2$~eVb. The first error is experimental while the second is an estimate of the theoretical error in the extrapolation.

B. K. Jennings; S. Karataglidis; T. D. Shoppa

1998-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

148

Dietary Energy Balance Modulation of Kras- and Ink4a/Arf+/?-Driven Pancreatic Cancer: The Role of Insulin-like Growth Factor-I  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...factor and intracellular energy status signaling. We hypothesized...is responsive to dietary energy balance modulation in an...of body mass index among US adults, 1999-2010...Demark-Wahnefried W, et alObesity, energy balance, and cancer...

Laura M. Lashinger; Lauren M. Harrison; Audrey J. Rasmussen; Craig D. Logsdon; Susan M. Fischer; Mark J. McArthur; and Stephen D. Hursting

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Computational tools based on energy landscape theory to predict structurally diverse ensembles of transcription factors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

P. G. (1997) Theory of protein folding: The energy landscapeWolynes, P. G. (1996) Protein folding funnels: The nature ofstate and pathway of protein folding by protein engineering,

Lätzer, Joachim

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Economic and Policy Factors Affecting Energy Efficiency Improvements in the U. S. Paper Industry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. These national policies include issues associated with cogeneration, licensing and relicensing of private small scale hydroelectric projects, acid rain, and federal funding of energy technology research and development. The paper industry's actions...

Freund, S. H.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Factors Controlling the Input of Electrical Energy into a Fish in an ...  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

of these conditions may cause changes in energy-input t,o the fish by ... errors during measurement owing to elcctrol- .... drop per unit length in the water immedi-.

1999-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

152

SUMMARY OF 2009 RHEOLOGY MODIFIER PROGRAM  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The overall objective of the EM-31 Rheological Modifiers and Wetting Agents program is to utilize commercially available rheology modifiers to increase the solids fraction of radioactive sludge based waste streams, resulting in an increase in throughput and decreasing the overall processing time. The program first investigates the impact of rheology modifiers on slurry simulants and then utilizes the most effective rheology modifiers on radioactive slurries. The work presented in this document covers the initial investigation of rheology modifier testing with simulants. This task is supported by both the Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) and Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL). The SRNL EM-31 task, for this year, was to investigate the use of rheology modifiers on simulant Defense Waste Processing Facility (DWPF) melter feeds. The task is to determine, based on the impact of the rheology modifier, if there are rheology modifiers that could reduce the water content of the slurry going to the DWPF melter, hence increasing the melt rate by decreasing the water loading. The rheology modifier in essence would allow a higher solids content slurry to have the same type of rheology or pumpability of a lower solids slurry. The modifiers selected in this report were determined based on previous modifiers used in high level waste melter feed simulants, on-going testing performed by counterparts at PNNL, and experiences gain through use of modifiers in other Department of Energy (DOE) processes such as grout processing. There were 12 rheology modifiers selected for testing, covering both organic and inorganic types and they were tested at four different concentrations for a given melter feed. Five different DWPF melter feeds were available and there was adequate material in one of the melter feeds to increase the solids concentration, resulting in a total of six simulants for testing. The mass of melter feed available in each simulant was not adequate for testing each rheology modifier, hence based on the changes in rheology for a given rheology modifier, rheology modifiers were either dropped or added between simulants. Three rheology modifiers were used on all simulants. The results from this testing indicate that citric acid or polycarboxylate based rheology modifiers are the most effective in reducing the yield stress, by as much as 70% at the higher rheology modifier additions and were effective on most of the tested simulants. These rheology modifiers are organic, hence the can also be used as reductants in melter operations. The most effective non-organic rheology modifiers, sodium metasilicate reduced the yield stress by 10%. It is recommended that both citric acid and commercially available polycarboxylate rheology modifiers be further investigated. Different molecular weight polycarboxylates and different types of polycarboxylates used in other industries must be considered. These polycarboxylates are extensively utilized in the cement, ceramic, and water treatment processes, hence readily available. Future work on DWPF melter feeds involving rheology modifiers should include, assuming the present method of processing sludge through DPWF does not change, is: (1) Investigate the use of polycarboxylate in various processes and procure polycarboxylates for testing. Limit rheology modifier selection and future testing between four and eight different types. (2) Test rheology modifiers on at least two different chemical types or bounding DWPF SME product simulants. Test to include the impact of boiling and the effectiveness in reducing water content via rheology versus weight percent curves. (3) Based on selected modifiers, perform testing on actual radioactive melter feed based on results from simulant testing.

Hansen, E.

2009-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

153

This document is a preprint version of the final paper: M. Soshinskaya, W. H. J. Graus, J. M. Guerrero, and J. C. Vasquez, "Microgrids: experiences, barriers and success factors," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 2014 Elsevier.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 2014 ­ Elsevier. Microgrids: experiences, barriers and success factors Mariya of Sustainable Development, Utrecht University, The Netherlands b Department of Energy Technology, Aalborg; Renewable Energy; Islanding; Distributed Generation; Energy Storage; Barriers Acronyms greenhouse gas (GHG

Vasquez, Juan Carlos

154

Abstract 2198: A literature-based sum score of genetic variants in IGF genes modifies associations between indicators of energy balance and colorectal cancer risk  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Association for Cancer Research April 15, 2010 meeting-abstract Cellular and...Abstract 4834: Energy-dependent AMPK...in response to energy stress. Importantly...autophagy under energy stress conditions...Authors}. {Abstract title} [abstract...Association for Cancer Research; 2010 Apr 17-21...

Colinda CJM Simons; Leo J. Schouten; Roger Godschalk; Frederik-Jan van Schooten; Piet A. van den Brandt; and Matty P. Weijenberg

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Disturbance of Energy Transfer as a Factor Promoting Changes in the Biologic Behavior of Tumor Cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...was treated with acetone, ethanol, meth- anol, or chloroform...precipitate with acetone, ethanol, or methanol turned its green...Treatment with acetone, ethanol, or methanol performed after...demonstrating the role played by energy, are listed in Tables 1-3...

Andor Udvardy and Roland Holland

1969-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Energy Restriction Reduces the Number of Advanced Aberrant Crypt Foci and Attenuates the Expression of Colonic Transforming Growth Factor ? and Cyclooxygenase Isoforms in Zucker Obese (fa/fa) Rats  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...genetic and environmental factors in the etiology and...acts as a critical factor in the pathogenesis...rats. Several dietary factors including dietary energy composition have been...isoform catalyzing the conversion of arachidonic acid...

Jayadev Raju and Ranjana P. Bird

2003-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

157

renewable energy | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

energy energy Dataset Summary Description This dataset is from the report Operational water consumption and withdrawal factors for electricity generating technologies: a review of existing literature (J. Macknick, R. Newmark, G. Heath and K.C. Hallett) and provides estimates of operational water withdrawal and water consumption factors for electricity generating technologies in the United States. Estimates of water factors were collected from published primary literature and were not modified except for unit conversions. Source National Renewable Energy Laboratory Date Released August 28th, 2012 (2 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords coal consumption csp factors geothermal PV renewable energy technologies Water wind withdrawal Data application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.spreadsheetml.sheet icon Operational water consumption and withdrawal factors for electricity generating technologies (xlsx, 32.3 KiB)

158

revision:20090902 modified:20090903  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

871 revision:2009­09­02 modified:2009­09­03 A trichotomy of countable, stable, unsuperstable and DMS 0600940 and Israel Science Foundation Grant no. 242/03. Publica­ tion 871. 1 #12; 871 revision of formulas (see Definition 2.3). The origins of these 2 #12; 871 revision:2009­09­02 modified:2009

Shelah, Saharon

159

Factors predicting the capacity of Los Angeles city-region recreation programs to promote energy expenditure  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract An audit of recreation programs with moderate or higher levels of physical activity (PA) in Los Angeles area cities (N=82) was conducted using internet, telephone, and survey methods. Metabolic Equivalents (METs) were used to code programs? physical activity intensity. MET-hours per recreation program was associated with required age for enrollment, percent of residents >64 years of age, and fiscal capacity of cities. Capacity to promote energy expenditure may depend on targeted age groups, age of population, and municipal fiscal capacity. Cities with lower fiscal capacity might offer those higher MET-hour activities which require less specialized equipment and seek outside funding to offer higher MET programs.

Kim D. Reynolds; Nicholas Dahmann; Jennifer Wolch; Pascale Joassart-Marcelli; Genevieve Dunton; Diana Rudulph; Joshua Newell; Jennifer Thayer; Michael Jerrett

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Analysis of critical climate related factors for the application of zero-energy homes in Saudi Arabia  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The Saudi construction industry is led by housing sector that imposes enormous energy and environmental challenges for the country. The housing sector is growing rapidly and is responsible for 52% of the total national electricity consumption. In order to promote sustainable development it is vital for Saudi Arabia to adopt sustainable housing practices such as zero-energy homes (ZEHs). The concept is new to Saudi Arabia though a number of \\{ZEHs\\} have already been developed around the world. One of the most significant challenges facing the application of \\{ZEHs\\} in Saudi Arabia is uncertainty about their adaptability in local climate. The present work aims to investigate this uncertainty, mainly focusing on the four climatic factors related to the application of \\{ZEHs\\} including air temperature, relative humidity, wind speed and global solar radiation. This is fulfilled by reviewing climatic condition of Saudi Arabia and the concept of \\{ZEHs\\} and examining some of these homes built across the globe in climates similar to the Saudi climatic zones. In this respect, five \\{ZEHs\\} globally developed in climates matching with the five main Saudi climatic zones have been investigated as case studies. A typical-virtual home has been designed on the basis of a questionnaire survey. With the help of the Integrated Environmental Solution ?Virtual Environment? software a modelling exercise has been carried out to compare its energy performance at the five selected international locations with their corresponding Saudi locations. This comparison is based upon the maximum and mean power demand. Furthermore, to cater for the differences in climatic conditions between the Saudi locations and their counterpart global locations, a sensitivity analysis for the studied locations has been undertaken for the four climate factors.

Farajallah Alrashed; Muhammad Asif

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "modified energy factor" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Energy Unit Conversion Factors / 1Joule (J) equals 1 2.78 x lO-7 9.49 x 1o-4  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy Unit Conversion Factors J kWh Btu -~ / 1Joule (J) equals 1 2.78 x lO-7 9.49 x 1o-4 1 electron volt (eV) equals 1.60 x lo-l9 4.45 x lo-26 1.52 x 1o-22 Energy Equivalents Crude petroleum (42

Kostic, Milivoje M.

162

Does environmental concern change the tragedy of the commons? Factors affecting energy saving behaviors and electricity usage  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Electricity consumption produces private goods, such as heat for homes, but fossil fuel consumption impacts the public goods of clean air and water. While self interests can increase usage, social interests, such as global climate change, can impact an individual's attitude toward energy consumption. This paper examines the tragedy of the commons using household data, and compares the impact of self and social interests in predicting electricity consumption. Using both stated and observed behavioral data, the results show that self interests have a greater impact on energy saving behaviors and electricity use. We extend the analysis to control for an individual's environmental concern and perceived behavioral impact, finding similar results, and supporting the notion that the tragedy of the commons occurs regardless of a person's perception or environmental concern. These findings may explain why pro-environmental attitudes do not necessarily lead to pro-environmental behaviors, and it contributes to our understanding of the motivating factors for energy savings and electricity use by examining both stated and observed behaviors. Policies aimed at electricity reduction may have a greater impact if they focus on private interests, such as pricing, rebates, subsidies, and taxes, rather than social interests alone.

Adrienne M. Ohler; Sherrilyn M. Billger

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Influencing factors on NOX emission level during grate conversion of three pelletized energy crops  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract NOX emission behavior of three different pelletized energy crops, a herbaceous one, Brassica carinata, a short rotation coppice, Populus sp., and a blend of them, was assessed during fixed grate conversion. Measurements of NOX emissions were done at combustion conditions that yielded both thermal efficiency and CO emissions according to the European norm (EN 303-5:2012), and results compared to limits established by the Austrian deviations. Based on the experimental data, NOX results fulfilled the Austrian restrictions except during combustion of brassica, which exhibited the highest Fuel-N content. The Fuel-NOX was identified as the main formation mechanism. An opposite relation was determined between the specific NOX emissions and the Fuel-N conversion ratio obtained between the N-rich and the N-lean fuels tested here. The influence of the air supply (amount and distribution) on the NOX formation was also noticeable. In general, a higher proportion of air increased the specific NOX emissions and the Fuel-N conversion ratio. Possibilities to control the NOX emissions level by air staging were rather limited, particularly, during combustion of brassica and the blend because of their peculiarities as ash-rich fuels with high slag formation risk. For attaining an appropriate conversion of these fuels, primary air requirements substantially increased. Due to limitations found during the energy crops conversion, efforts to minimize the level of NOX emissions identified here for the troublesome fuels tested should be mainly focused on attaining both a properly designed air supply system and the grate temperature control as well as on conditioning the Fuel-N content, for instance, by blending.

Maryori Díaz-Ramírez; Fernando Sebastián; Javier Royo; Adeline Rezeau

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

A survey of factors contributing to accurate theoretical predictions of atomization energies and molecular structures  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

High level electronic structure predictions of thermochemicalproperties and molecular structure are capable of accuracy rivaling the very best experimental measurements as a result of rapid advances in hardware software and methodology. Despite the progress real world limitations require practical approaches designed for handling general chemical systems that rely on composite strategies in which a single intractable calculation is replaced by a series of smaller calculations. As typically implemented these approaches produce a final or “best ” estimate that is constructed from one major component fine-tuned by multiple corrections that are assumed to be additive. Though individually much smaller than the original unmanageable computational problem these corrections are nonetheless extremely costly. This study presents a survey of the widely varying magnitude of the most important components contributing to the atomization energies and structures of 106 small molecules. It combines large Gaussian basis sets and coupled cluster theory up to quadruple excitations for all systems. In selected cases the effects of quintuple excitations and/or full configuration interaction were also considered. The availability of reliable experimental data for most of the molecules permits an expanded statistical analysis of the accuracy of the approach. In cases where reliable experimental information is currently unavailable the present results are expected to provide some of the most accurate benchmark values available.

David Feller; Kirk A. Peterson; David A. Dixon

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

The 3He(alpha,gamma)7Be S-factor at solar energies: the prompt gamma experiment at LUNA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The 3He(alpha,gamma)7Be process is a key reaction in both Big-Bang nucleosynthesis and p-p chain of Hydrogen Burning in Stars. A new measurement of the 3He(alpha,gamma)7Be cross section has been performed at the INFN Gran Sasso underground laboratory by both the activation and the prompt gamma detection methods. The present work reports full details of the prompt gamma detection experiment, focusing on the determination of the systematic uncertainty. The final data, including activation measurements at LUNA, are compared with the results of the last generation experiments and two different theoretical models are used to obtain the S-factor at solar energies.

H. Costantini; D. Bemmerer; F. Confortola; A. Formicola; Gy. Gyürky; P. Bezzon; R. Bonetti; C. Broggini; P. Corvisiero; Z. Elekes; Zs. Fülöp; G. Gervino; A. Guglielmetti; C. Gustavino; G. Imbriani; M. Junker; M. Laubenstein; A. Lemut; B. Limata; V. Lozza; M. Marta; R. Menegazzo; P. Prati; V. Roca; C. Rolfs; C. Rossi Alvarez; E. Somorjai; O. Straniero; F. Strieder; F. Terrasi; H. P. Trautvetter

2008-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

166

Determination of surface-induced platelet activation by applying time-dependency dissipation factor versus frequency using quartz crystal microbalance with dissipation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...dissipation versus frequency plots (Df-t...protein-modified surfaces. The responses showed the predominant...processing and storage. The above mentioned...factor coupled with frequency changes over time...to determine the energy dissipation factor...involved in the QCM-D response during platelet...

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Compilation of Diversity Factors and Schedules for Energy and Cooling Load Calculations, ASHRAE Research Project 1093, Preliminary Report, Literature Review and Database Search  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

studies about classifications of commercial buildings. In the literature on diversity factors and load shapes, we covered papers reporting the existence of databases of monitored end-uses in commercial building, methods used in developing the daytypes... Report Energy Systems Laboratory, Texas A&M University Our review of the literature has indicated that there are several useful studies that present actual diversity factors, and provide the algorithms...

Abushakra, B.; Haberl, J. S.; Claridge, D. E.

168

A thermodynamic motivation for dark energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

It is argued that the discovery of cosmic acceleration could have been anticipated on thermodynamic grounds, namely, the generalized second law and the approach to equilibrium at large scale factor. Therefore, the existence of dark energy -or equivalently, some modified gravity theory- should have been expected. In general, cosmological models that satisfy the above criteria show compatibility with observational data.

Ninfa Radicella; Diego Pavón

2010-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

169

Review Of Rheology Modifiers For Hanford Waste  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As part of Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL)'s strategic development scope for the Department of Energy - Office of River Protection (DOE-ORP) Hanford Tank Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant (WTP) waste feed acceptance and product qualification scope, the SRNL has been requested to recommend candidate rheology modifiers to be evaluated to adjust slurry properties in the Hanford Tank Farm. SRNL has performed extensive testing of rheology modifiers for use with Defense Waste Processing Facility (DWPF) simulated melter feed - a high undissolved solids (UDS) mixture of simulated Savannah River Site (SRS) Tank Farm sludge, nitric and formic acids, and glass frit. A much smaller set of evaluations with Hanford simulated waste have also been completed. This report summarizes past work and recommends modifiers for further evaluation with Hanford simulated wastes followed by verification with actual waste samples. Based on the review of available data, a few compounds/systems appear to hold the most promise. For all types of evaluated simulated wastes (caustic Handford tank waste and DWPF processing samples with pH ranging from slightly acidic to slightly caustic), polyacrylic acid had positive impacts on rheology. Citric acid also showed improvement in yield stress on a wide variety of samples. It is recommended that both polyacrylic acid and citric acid be further evaluated as rheology modifiers for Hanford waste. These materials are weak organic acids with the following potential issues: The acidic nature of the modifiers may impact waste pH, if added in very large doses. If pH is significantly reduced by the modifier addition, dissolution of UDS and increased corrosion of tanks, piping, pumps, and other process equipment could occur. Smaller shifts in pH could reduce aluminum solubility, which would be expected to increase the yield stress of the sludge. Therefore, it is expected that use of an acidic modifier would be limited to concentrations that do not appreciably change the pH of the waste; Organics are typically reductants and could impact glass REDOX if not accounted for in the reductant addition calculations; Stability of the modifiers in a caustic, radioactive environment is not known, but some of the modifiers tested were specifically designed to withstand caustic conditions; These acids will add to the total organic carbon content of the wastes. Radiolytic decomposition of the acids could result in organic and hydrogen gas generation. These potential impacts must be addressed in future studies with simulants representative of real waste and finally with tests using actual waste based on the rheology differences seen between SRS simulants and actual waste. The only non-organic modifier evaluated was sodium metasilicate. Further evaluation of this modifier is recommended if a reducing modifier is a concern.

Pareizs, J. M.

2013-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

170

revision:19960317 modified:19960317  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

restrict our­ self to certain concrete classes then we may be able to retain compactness. In this paper we375 revision:1996­03­17 modified:1996­03­17 Some Compact Logics ­ Results in ZFC Alan H. Mekler order logic is so strong that it fails to have nice model theoretic properties such as compactness

Shelah, Saharon

171

Viresco Energy | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Place: Riverside, California Zip: 92507 Product: Company developing a modified gasification process References: Viresco Energy1 This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI...

172

2009 Guidelines to Defra / DECC's GHG Conversion Factors for Company Reporting Produced by AEA for the Department of Energy and Climate Change (DECC)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2009 Guidelines to Defra / DECC's GHG Conversion Factors for Company Reporting Produced by AEA for the Department of Energy and Climate Change (DECC) and the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs in calculations yellow = Calculation results Page 1 of 47 #12;2009 Guidelines to Defra / DECC's GHG Conversion

173

Effects of Methotrexate and of Environmental Factors on Glycolysis and Metabolic Energy State In Cultured Ehrlich Ascites Carcinoma Cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Glycolysis and Metabolic Energy State In Cultured Ehrlich...consumption. The adenylale energy charge was reduced in MTX-trealedcells...Effect on Glycolysis and Energy State (ad.),Methodsof...3, pp. 1215-1222.New York: Academic Press, Inc...

Edvardas Kaminskas and Ann C. Nussey

1978-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Effects of Methotrexate and of Environmental Factors on Glycolysis and Metabolic Energy State In Cultured Ehrlich Ascites Carcinoma Cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...pharmacology Dactinomycin pharmacology Energy Metabolism drug effects Glucose...on Glycolysis and Metabolic Energy State In Cultured EhrlichAscites...methotrexate(amethopterin)(MIX) on rates of glycolysis, adenylate pools, and adenylate energy charge were examined in culturedEhrlichascites...

Edvardas Kaminskas and Ann C. Nussey

1978-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

A modified LandauDevonshire thermodynamic potential for strontium titanate  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A modified Landau­Devonshire thermodynamic potential for strontium titanate G. Sheng, Y. L. Li, J Landau­Devonshire thermodynamic potential for strontium titanate G. Sheng,1,a Y. L. Li,2 J. X. Zhang,1,b of the Landau energy coefficients and report a modified thermodynamic potential for bulk strontium titanate

Chen, Long-Qing

176

Modified Faraday cup  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A tomographic technique for measuring the current density distribution in electron beams using electron beam profile data acquired from a modified Faraday cup to create an image of the current density in high and low power beams is disclosed. The modified Faraday cup includes a narrow slit and is rotated by a stepper motor and can be moved in the x, y and z directions. The beam is swept across the slit perpendicular thereto and controlled by deflection coils, and the slit rotated such that waveforms are taken every few degrees from 0{degree} to 360{degree} and the waveforms are recorded by a digitizing storage oscilloscope. Two-dimensional and three-dimensional images of the current density distribution in the beam can be reconstructed by computer tomography from this information, providing quantitative information about the beam focus and alignment. 12 figs.

Elmer, J.W.; Teruya, A.T.; O`Brien, D.W.

1996-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

177

Modified Faraday cup  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A tomographic technique for measuring the current density distribution in electron beams using electron beam profile data acquired from a modified Faraday cup to create an image of the current density in high and low power beams. The modified Faraday cup includes a narrow slit and is rotated by a stepper motor and can be moved in the x, y and z directions. The beam is swept across the slit perpendicular thereto and controlled by deflection coils, and the slit rotated such that waveforms are taken every few degrees form 0.degree. to 360.degree. and the waveforms are recorded by a digitizing storage oscilloscope. Two-din-tensional and three-dimensional images of the current density distribution in the beam can be reconstructed by computer tomography from this information, providing quantitative information about the beam focus and alignment.

Elmer, John W. (Pleasanton, CA); Teruya, Alan T. (Livermore, CA); O'Brien, Dennis W. (Livermore, CA)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

Why genetically modified crops?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...expensive energy, with no...The cost of energy directly...methods to measure variation...farmers, reducing return on...weevil and related Lepidopteran...release of greenhouse gas emissions...address pending energy shortfalls...influencing policies in developing...

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Power Factor Improvement  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Power factor control is a necessary ingredient in any successful Energy Management Program. Many companies are operating with power factors of 70% or less and are being penalized through the electrical utility bill. This paper starts by describing...

Viljoen, T. A.

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Solar system constraints on multifield theories of modified dynamics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......define a conserved energy-momentum tensor...modified dynamics by Solar system phenomenology...where is the usual energy-momentum tensor...frame effects to project into the Solar system via the scalar...additional term in the energy-momentum tensor......

R. H. Sanders

2006-08-11T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "modified energy factor" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Reduced Total Energy Requirements For The Original Alcubierre and Natario Warp Drive Spacetimes-The Role Of Warp Factors.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Reduced Total Energy Requirements For The Original Alcubierre and Natario Warp Drive Spacetimes Alcubierre and Natario themselves the Warp Drive violates all the known energy conditions because the stress energy momentum tensor(the right side of the Einstein Field Equations) for the Einstein tensor G00

Boyer, Edmond

182

Effects of Energy Restriction and Wheel Running on Mammary Carcinogenesis and Host Systemic Factors in a Rat Model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...running low, and dietary energy restriction treatments...intervention groups, dietary energy restriction (DER...running low and dietary energy restriction (WR-LOW...prospective cohort of US women.Cancer Causes...the effect of menopausal status.Exerc Sport Sci Rev...

Zongjian Zhu; Weiqin Jiang; Jarrod H. Zacher; Elizabeth S. Neil; John N. McGinley; and Henry J. Thompson

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Anomalous diffusion modifies solar neutrino fluxes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Density and temperature conditions in the solar core suggest that the microscopic diffusion of electrons and ions could be nonstandard: diffusion and friction coefficients are energy dependent, collisions are not two-body processes and retain memory beyond the single scattering event. A direct consequence of nonstandard diffusion is that the equilibrium energy distribution of particles departs from the Maxwellian one (tails goes to zero more slowly or faster than exponentially) modifying the reaction rates. This effect is qualitatively different from temperature and/or composition modification: small changes in the number of particles in the distribution tails can strongly modify the rates without affecting bulk properties, such as the sound speed or hydrostatic equilibrium, which depend on the mean values from the distribution. This mechanism can considerably increase the range of predictions for the neutrino fluxes allowed by the current experimental values (cross sections and solar properties) and can be u...

Kaniadakis, G; Lissia, M; Quarati, P

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Integration of biomass into urban energy systems for heat and power. Part II: Sensitivity assessment of main techno-economic factors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The paper presents the application of a mixed integer linear programming (MILP) methodology to optimize multi-biomass and natural gas supply chain strategic design for heat and power generation in urban areas. The focus is on spatial and temporal allocation of biomass supply, storage, processing, transport and energy conversion (heat and CHP) to match the heat demand of residential end users. The main aim lies on the assessment of the trade-offs between centralized district heating plants and local heat generation systems, and on the decoupling of the biomass processing and biofuel energy conversion steps. After a brief description of the methodology, which is presented in detail in Part I of the research, an application to a generic urban area is proposed. Moreover, the influence of energy demand typologies (urban areas energy density, heat consumption patterns, buildings energy efficiency levels, baseline energy costs and available infrastructures) and specific constraints of urban areas (transport logistics, air emission levels, space availability) on the selection of optimal bioenergy pathways for heat and power is assessed, by means of sensitivity analysis. On the basis of these results, broad considerations about the key factors influencing the use of bioenergy into urban energy systems are proposed. Potential further applications of this model are also described, together with main barriers for development of bioenergy routes for urban areas.

Antonio M. Pantaleo; Sara Giarola; Ausilio Bauen; Nilay Shah

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Radiative p11b capture at astrophysical energies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In the framework of the modified potential cluster model with forbidden states the possibility of describing the available experimental data on the total cross sections and astrophysical S-factor for p11B radiative capture to the ground state of 12C was treated at astrophysical energies.

S. B. Dubovichenko; N. A. Burkova

2014-01-18T23:59:59.000Z

186

Modified Microgrid Concept for Rural Electrification in Africa | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Modified Microgrid Concept for Rural Electrification in Africa Modified Microgrid Concept for Rural Electrification in Africa Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Modified Microgrid Concept for Rural Electrification in Africa Agency/Company /Organization: IEEE Sector: Energy Focus Area: Grid Assessment and Integration Topics: Co-benefits assessment, - Energy Access Resource Type: Technical report Website: ieeexplore.ieee.org/stamp/stamp.jsp?tp=&arnumber=1709540 UN Region: Eastern Africa, Middle Africa, Northern Africa, Southern Africa, Western Africa Language: English References: Modified Microgrid Concept for Rural Electrification in Africa[1] "With the population of 13.4% of the world and a land area of 15%, Africa has only 2% of the world's industrial capacity. Its per capita income is only 15% of the world average and only consumes 3% of world energy. Many

187

Modified clay sorbents  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A novel modified clay sorbent and method of treating industrial effluents to remove trace pollutants, such as dioxins, biphenyls, and polyaromatics such as benzo(a)pyrene and pentachlorophenol. The novel clay sorbent has a composite structure in which the interlayer space of an expandable clay, such as smectite, is filled with polyvalent or multivalent inorganic cations which forces weaker surfactant cations to locate on the surface of the clay in such an orientation that the resulting composite is hydrophilic in nature. A specific example is cetylpyridinium-hydroxy aluminum-montmorillonite. In certain embodiments, a non-expanding clay, such as kaolinite, is used and surfactant cations are necessarily located on an external surface of the clay. A specific example is cetylpyridinium-kaolinite.

Fogler, H. Scott (Ann Arbor, MI); Srinivasan, Keeran R. (Livonia, MI)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

Creating a Multi-functional Library of Grass Transcription Factors for the Energy Crop Model System Brachypodium Distachyon (2014 DOE JGI Genomics of Energy & Environment Meeting)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Joshua Coomey of the University of Massachusetts Amherst, speaks at the 9th Annual Genomics of Energy & Environment Meeting on March 20, 2014 in Walnut Creek, Calif.

Coomey, Joshua [University of Massashusetts Amherst

2014-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

189

Exponentially modified QCD coupling  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present a specific class of models for an infrared-finite analytic QCD coupling, such that at large spacelike energy scales the coupling differs from the perturbative one by less than any inverse power of the energy scale. This condition is motivated by the Institute for Theoretical and Experimental Physics operator product expansion philosophy. Allowed by the ambiguity in the analytization of the perturbative coupling, the proposed class of couplings has three parameters. In the intermediate energy region, the proposed coupling has low loop-level and renormalization scheme dependence. The present modification of perturbative QCD must be considered as a phenomenological attempt, with the aim of enlarging the applicability range of the theory of the strong interactions at low energies.

Cvetic, Gorazd [Department of Physics, Universidad Tecnica Federico Santa Maria, Valparaiso (Chile); Center of Subatomic Studies, UTFSM, Valparaiso (Chile); Valenzuela, Cristian [Department of Physics, Universidad Tecnica Federico Santa Maria, Valparaiso (Chile)

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Dimerization of wild-type and mutant epidermal growth factor receptors prevalent in glioblastoma multiforme, using bioluminescent resonance energy transfer  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...bioluminescent resonance energy transfer Aaron Gajadhar...however, the dimerization status of mutant EGFRs remain...to study dimerization status of wt and mutant EGFRs...bioluminescence resonance energy transfer, or BRET. This...BRET signal will allow us to decipher the different...

Aaron Gajadhar and Abhijit Guha

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Polyoxometalate-Graphene Nanocomposite Modified Electrode for...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Polyoxometalate-Graphene Nanocomposite Modified Electrode for Electrocatalytic Detection of Ascorbic Acid. Polyoxometalate-Graphene Nanocomposite Modified Electrode for...

192

Demoing the Modified TALON Robot  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

A technician at Idaho National Laboratory demonstrates the modified TALON robot; which is being sent to assist emergency workers at Japan's Fukishima nuclear reactor.

193

Modified Theories of Gravity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The recent observational data in cosmology seem to indicate that the universe is currently expanding in an accelerated way. An intriguing interpretation of these data is that they may just be signalling that Einstein's General Relativity is not the correct description of gravity when we consider distances of the order of the present horizon of the universe. In this thesis we consider two models which modify General Relativity at very large distances, the Cascading DGP and the dRGT massive gravity, and investigate their phenomenological viability. We start with a general introduction to standard cosmology and we introduce the late time acceleration problem and the cosmological constant problem. We then provide a pedagogical introduction to the DGP model, of which the Cascading DGP is an extension, and to the dRGT massive gravity. Concerning the Cascading DGP, we show that the thin limit of the 4D brane inside the (already thin) 5D brane is well defined, at least for the class of configurations that we consider...

Sbisà, Fulvio

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Modified Theories of Gravity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The recent observational data in cosmology seem to indicate that the universe is currently expanding in an accelerated way. An intriguing interpretation of these data is that they may just be signalling that Einstein's General Relativity is not the correct description of gravity when we consider distances of the order of the present horizon of the universe. In this thesis we consider two models which modify General Relativity at very large distances, the Cascading DGP and the dRGT massive gravity, and investigate their phenomenological viability. We start with a general introduction to standard cosmology and we introduce the late time acceleration problem and the cosmological constant problem. We then provide a pedagogical introduction to the DGP model, of which the Cascading DGP is an extension, and to the dRGT massive gravity. Concerning the Cascading DGP, we show that the thin limit of the 4D brane inside the (already thin) 5D brane is well defined, at least for the class of configurations that we consider, and confirm that gravity is regularized in these set-ups. We give a geometrical interpretation of the presence of the critical tension, and comment on the difference between the results in the literature and our results, which we support with a numerical calculation. Regarding the dRGT massive gravity, we focus on the branch of solutions in which the Vainshtein mechanism can occur. We determine analytically the number and properties of local solutions which exist asymptotically on large scales (but still below the gravitational Compton wavelength), and of local (inner) solutions which exist on small scales. We characterize exactly the properties of global solutions in every point of the phase space, and characterize precisely in which regions the Vainshtein mechanism takes place. We also provide numerical solutions which confirm our analysis.

Fulvio Sbisa'

2014-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

195

Statistics of modifier distributions in mixed network glasses  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The constituents of any network glass can be broadly classified as either network formers or network modifiers. Network formers such as SiO2 Al2O3 B2O3 P2O5 etc. provide the backbone of the glass network and are the primary source of its rigid constraints. Network modifiers play a supporting role such as charge stabilization of the network formers or alteration of the network topology through rupture of bridging bonds and introduction of floppy modes. The specific role of the modifiers depends on which network formers are present in the glass and the relative free energies of modifier interactions with each type of network former site. This variation of free energy with modifier speciation is responsible for the so-called mixed network former effect i.e. the nonlinear scaling of property values in glasses having fixed modifier concentration but a varying ratio of network formers. In this paper a general theoretical framework is presented describing the statistical mechanics of modifier speciation in mixed network glasses. The model provides a natural explanation for the mixed network former effect and also accounts for the impact of thermal history and relaxation on glass network topology.

John C. Mauro

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

Energy  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Energy newsroomassetsimagesenergy-icon.png Energy Research into alternative forms of energy, and improving and securing the power grid, is a major national security...

197

Can Holographic dark energy increase the mass of the wormhole?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this work, we have studied accretion of dark energy (DE) onto Morris- Thorne wormhole with three different forms, namely, holographic dark energy, holographic Ricci dark energy and modified holographic Ricci dark energy . Considering the scale factor in power-law form we have observed that as the holographic dark energy accretes onto wormhole, the mass of the wormhole is decreasing. In the next phase we considered three parameterization schemes that are able to get hold of quintessence as well as phantom phases. Without any choice of scale factor we reconstructed Hubble parameter from conservation equation and dark energy densities and subsequently got the mass of the wormhole separately for accretion of the three dark energy candidates. It was observed that if these dark energies accrete onto the wormhole, then for quintessence stage, wormhole mass decreases up to a certain finite value and then again increases to aggressively during phantom phase of the universe.

Surajit Chattopadhyay; Davood Momeni; Aziza Altaibayeva; Ratbay Myrzakulov

2014-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

198

Can Holographic dark energy increase the mass of the wormhole?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Motivated by the quantum essence of wormholes, in this work, we have studied accretion of dark energy (DE) onto Morris-Thorne wormhole with three different forms, namely, holographic dark energy, holographic Ricci dark energy and modified holographic Ricci dark energy . Considering the scale factor in power-law form we have observed that as the holographic dark energy accrets onto wormhole, the mass of the wormhole is decreasing. In the next phase we considered three parameterization schemes that are able to get hold of quintessence as well as phantom phases. Without any choice of scale factor we reconstructed Hubble parameter from conservation equation and dark energy densities and subsequently got the mass of the wormhole separately for accretion of the three dark energy candidates. It was observed that if these dark energies accrete onto the wormhole, then for quintessence stage, wormhole mass decreases up to a certain finite value and then again increases to aggressively during phantom phase of the universe.

Surajit Chattopadhyay; Davood Momeni; Aziza Altaibayeva; Ratbay Myrzakulov

2014-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

199

Related Links | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

of instructional tools and an easy-to-use system for finding, creating, and modifying content. Renewable Energy Competency Model The Renewable Energy Competency Model was...

200

Modified coal batch in coking  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The influence of volatile products from low-metamorphic poorly clinkering G coal on plasticmass formation in rammed batch during coking is considered. An experimental batch of modified coke has been produced at P...

A. G. Starovoit; E. I. Malyi; M. S. Chemerinskii; M. A. Starovoit…

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "modified energy factor" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Modified Acyl-ACP desaturase  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Disclosed is a method for modifying the chain length and double bond positional specificities of a soluble plant fatty acid desaturase. More specifically, the method involves modifying amino acid contact residues in the substrate binding channel of the soluble fatty acid desaturase which contact the fatty acid. Specifically disclosed is the modification of an acyl-ACP desaturase. Amino acid contact residues which lie within the substrate binding channel are identified, and subsequently replaced with different residues to effect the modification of activity.

Cahoon, Edgar B. (Shoreham, NY); Shanklin, John (Shoreham, NY); Lindqvist, Ylva (Jarfalla, SE); Schneider, Gunter (Jarfalla, SE)

1999-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

202

Modified acyl-ACP desaturase  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Disclosed is a methods for modifying the chain length and double bond positional specificities of a soluble plant fatty acid desaturase. More specifically, the method involves modifying amino acid contact residues in the substrate binding channel of the soluble fatty acid desaturase which contact the fatty acid. Specifically disclosed is the modification of an acyl-ACP desaturase. Amino acid contact residues which lie within the substrate binding channel are identified, and subsequently replaced with different residues to effect the modification of activity.

Cahoon, Edgar B. (Shoreham, NY); Shanklin, John (Shoreham, NY); Lindgvist, Ylva (Jarfalla, SE); Schneider, Gunter (Jarfalla, SE)

1998-01-06T23:59:59.000Z

203

Diabat L., Remund J., Wald L., 2003. Linke turbidity factors for several sites in Africa. Solar Energy, 75, 2, 111-119. Copyright UFAE Meteotest -Ecole des Mines de Paris Armines 1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the fields of renewable energies, climatology, agro-meteorology, and atmospheric pollution. These issues Energy, 75, 2, 111-119. Copyright UFAE ­ Meteotest - Ecole des Mines de Paris ­ Armines 1 LINKE TURBIDITY turbidity factor (TL) has been estimated at sixteen locations in Africa (9 stations in Egypt, 2

Boyer, Edmond

204

Modified dynamics of weakly coupled BEC's Josephson Junction (BJJ)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The tunnelling quantum dynamics of bimodal BJJ system is modified through introducing an equilibrium condition, which is based on the assumption that the BJJ is tend to keep on its ground state (with a lowest energy) during the oscillation. The tunnelling dynamics of BJJ with symmetric and asymmetric traps is discussed through numerically solving the modified equations. Stationary states are found to exist in the both BJJs. Compared to previous works, the macroscopic quantum self trapping (MQST) is auto-avoided. Meanwhile, it is revealed that the BJJ oscillates with its inherent frequency which is only related to the Josephson energy, which has been testified experimentally in other contexts.

Yu-ping Huang; Zhen-sheng Yuan; Lin-fan Zhu; Lin-jiao Luo; Xiao-jing Liu; Ke-zun Xu

2003-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Home Energy Saver: Comparing Your Results to Your Utility Bill  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Comparing The Results to The Home's Utility Bill Comparing The Results to The Home's Utility Bill Energy use varies widely, even among seemingly identical homes! This is because of differences in house design, appliances, lifestyles, and comfort requirements. If your Home Energy Saver results differ from your actual energy bills, be sure to first check that all your input values agree with how your home is actually designed and operated. If the total cost differs but energy use is the same, keep in mind that we use a single price for energy, while many utilities use complicated "tariff structures", where the price varies by the time of year and/or day, your level of consumption, or other factors. Any remaining differences are probably due to one or more of the factors below. After reviewing these factors, you may want to modify

206

Modified gravity and the CMB  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We consider the effect of modified gravity on the peak structure of the cosmic microwave background (CMB) spectrum. We focus on simple models of modified gravity mediated by a massive scalar field coupled to both baryons and cold dark matter. This captures the features of chameleon, symmetron, dilaton, and f(R) models. We find that the CMB peaks can be affected in three independent ways provided the Compton radius of the massive scalar is not far-off the sound horizon at last scattering. When the coupling of the massive scalar to cold dark matter is large, the anomalous growth of the cold dark matter perturbation inside the Compton radius induces a change in the peak amplitudes. When the coupling to baryons is moderately large, the speed of sound is modified and the peaks shifted to higher momenta. Finally when both couplings are nonvanishing, a new contribution proportional to the Newton potential appears in the Sachs-Wolfe temperature and increases the peak amplitudes. We also show how, given any temporal evolution of the scalar field mass, one can engineer a corresponding modified gravity model of the chameleon type. This opens up the possibility of having independent constraints on modified gravity from the CMB peaks and large scale structures at low redshifts.

Philippe Brax and Anne-Christine Davis

2012-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

207

Anomalous diffusion modifies solar neutrino fluxes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Density and temperature conditions in the solar core suggest that the microscopic diffusion of electrons and ions could be nonstandard: Diffusion and friction coefficients are energy dependent, collisions are not two-body processes and retain memory beyond the single scattering event. A direct consequence of nonstandard diffusion is that the equilibrium energy distribution of particles departs from the Maxwellian one (tails goes to zero more slowly or faster than exponentially) modifying the reaction rates. This effect is qualitatively different from temperature and/or composition modification: Small changes in the number of particles in the distribution tails can strongly modify the rates without affecting bulk properties, such as the sound speed or hydrostatic equilibrium, which depend on the mean values from the distribution. This mechanism can considerably increase the range of predictions for the neutrino fluxes allowed by the current experimental values (cross sections and solar properties) and can be used to reduce the discrepancy between these predictions and the solar neutrino experiments.

G. Kaniadakis; A. Lavagno; M. Lissia; P. Quarati

1997-10-16T23:59:59.000Z

208

Energy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Energy ... “Scientific Challenges in Sustainable Energy Technology,” by Nathan S. Lewis of the California Institute of Technology, summarizes data on energy resources and analyses the implications for human society. ... ConfChem Conference on Educating the Next Generation: Green and Sustainable Chemistry—Solar Energy: A Chemistry Course on Sustainability for General Science Education and Quantitative Reasoning ...

John W. Moore

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

2011 Guidelines to Defra / DECC's GHG Conversion Factors for Company Reporting Produced by AEA for the Department of Energy and Climate Change (DECC)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2011 Guidelines to Defra / DECC's GHG Conversion Factors for Company Reporting Produced by AEA;2011 Guidelines to Defra / DECC's GHG Conversion Factors for Company Reporting Introduction Last updated: Aug-11 emissions conversion factors. What are Greenhouse Gas Conversion Factors? These conversion factors allow

210

Modified acyl-ACP desaturase  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Disclosed is a method for modifying the chain length and double bond positional specificities of a soluble plant fatty acid desaturase. More specifically, the method involves modifying amino acid contact residues in the substrate binding channel of the soluble fatty acid desaturase which contact the fatty acid. Specifically disclosed is the modification of an acyl-ACP desaturase. Amino acid contact residues which lie within the substrate binding channel are identified, and subsequently replaced with different residues to effect the modification of activity. 1 fig.

Cahoon, E.B.; Shanklin, J.; Lindgvist, Y.; Schneider, G.

1998-01-06T23:59:59.000Z

211

FRW Cosmological model with Modified Chaplygin Gas and Dynamical System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Friedmann-Robertson-Walker(FRW) model with dynamical Dark Energy(DE) in the form of modified Chaplygin gas(MCG) has been investigated. The evolution equations are reduced to an autonomous system on the two dimensional phase plane and it can be interpreted as the motion of the particle in an one dimensional potential.

Nairwita Mazumder; Ritabrata Biswas; Subenoy Chakraborty

2011-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

212

Density Evolution in the New Modified Chaplygin Gas Model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper, we have considered new modified Chaplygin gas (NMCG) model which interpolates between radiation at early stage and $\\Lambda$CDM at late stage. This model is regarded as a unification of dark energy and dark matter (with general form of matter). We have derived the density parameters from the equation of motion for the interaction between dark energy and dark matter. Also we have studied the evolution of the various components of density parameters.

Surajit Chattopadhyay; Ujjal Debnath

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

A Modified FRW Metric to Explain the Cosmological Constant  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

One of the most outstanding problems of the standard model of cosmology today is the problem of cosmological constant/dark energy. It corresponds to about 73 per cent of the energy content of the universe gone missing. I hereby postulate a modified FRW metric for our universe, which animates a universe spinning rigidly but very slowly with an angular frequency that is equal to the Hubble constant. It is shown by a simple argument that in such a universe there will be an overlooked rotational energy whose average value is identically equal to the matter-energy content of this universe as observed by a coordinate observer.

Serkan Zorba

2012-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

214

A modified unit decommitment algorithm in combined heat and power production planning  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper addresses the unit commitment in multi-period combined heat and power (CHP) production planning, considering the possibility to trade power on the spot market. We present a modified unit decommitment algorithm (MUD) that starts with a good ... Keywords: combined heat and power production, deregulated power market, energy optimization, modelling, modified unit decommitment, unit commitment

Aiying Rong; Risto Lahdelma

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

An integrated analytical framework for quantifying the LCOE of waste-to-energy facilities for a range of greenhouse gas emissions policy and technical factors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This study presents a novel integrated method for considering the economics of waste-to-energy (WTE) facilities with priced greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions based upon technical and economic characteristics of the WTE facility, MSW stream, landfill alternative, and GHG emissions policy. The study demonstrates use of the formulation for six different policy scenarios and explores sensitivity of the results to ranges of certain technical parameters as found in existing literature. The study shows that details of the GHG emissions regulations have large impact on the levelized cost of energy (LCOE) of WTE and that GHG regulations can either increase or decrease the LCOE of WTE depending on policy choices regarding biogenic fractions from combusted waste and emissions from landfills. Important policy considerations are the fraction of the carbon emissions that are priced (i.e. all emissions versus only non-biogenic emissions), whether emissions credits are allowed due to reducing fugitive landfill gas emissions, whether biogenic carbon sequestration in landfills is credited against landfill emissions, and the effectiveness of the landfill gas recovery system where waste would otherwise have been buried. The default landfill gas recovery system effectiveness assumed by much of the industry yields GHG offsets that are very close to the direct non-biogenic GHG emissions from a WTE facility, meaning that small changes in the recovery effectiveness cause relatively larger changes in the emissions factor of the WTE facility. Finally, the economics of WTE are dependent on the MSW stream composition, with paper and wood being advantageous, metal and glass being disadvantageous, and plastics, food, and yard waste being either advantageous or disadvantageous depending upon the avoided tipping fee and the GHG emissions price.

Townsend, Aaron K., E-mail: aarontownsend@utexas.edu [Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Texas at Austin, 1 University Station C2200, Austin, TX 78712 (United States); Webber, Michael E. [Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Texas at Austin, 1 University Station C2200, Austin, TX 78712 (United States)

2012-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

216

Energy  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Federal, State, local, and foreign governments, EIA survey respondents, and the media. For further information, and for answers to questions on energy statistics, please...

217

Energy  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Energy Energy Energy Express Licensing Accelerator-Driven Transmutation Of Spent Fuel Elements Express Licensing Acid-catalyzed dehydrogenation of amine-boranes Express Licensing Air Breathing Direct Methanol Fuel Cell Express Licensing Aligned Crystalline Semiconducting Film On A Glass Substrate And Method Of Making Express Licensing Anion-Conducting Polymer, Composition, And Membrane Express Licensing Apparatus for Producing Voltage and Current Pulses Express Licensing Biaxially oriented film on flexible polymeric substrate Express Licensing Corrosion Test Cell For Bipolar Plates Express Licensing Device for hydrogen separation and method Negotiable Licensing Durable Fuel Cell Membrane Electrode Assembly (MEA) Express Licensing Energy Efficient Synthesis Of Boranes Express Licensing

218

Linking Continuous Energy Management and Open Automated Demand Response  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

description of six energy and demand management concepts.how quickly it can modify energy demand. This is not a newimprovements in both energy efficiency and demand response (

Piette, Mary Ann

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

Energy management in sensor networks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...many factors, including form factor, cost and energy use. This gives rise to one...However, the cost, form factor and energy requirements often make this...conversionProc. 35th Intersociety Energy Conversion Engineering Conference (IECEC...

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

Hanford Waste Treatment Plant Support Task Order Modified | Department of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Waste Treatment Plant Support Task Order Modified Waste Treatment Plant Support Task Order Modified Hanford Waste Treatment Plant Support Task Order Modified March 11, 2013 - 12:00pm Addthis Media Contact Lynette Chafin, 513-246-0461 Lynette.Chafin@emcbc.doe.gov Cincinnati - The Department of Energy (DOE) today awarded a modification to a task order to Aspen Resources Limited, Inc. of Boulder, Colorado for support of the Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant (WTP) at the Hanford Site. The modification increased the value of the task order to $1.6 million from $833,499. The task order modification has a one-year performance period and two one-year option periods. The Task Order was awarded under an Indefinite Delivery/Indefinite Quantity (ID/IQ) master Contract. Aspen Resources Limited, Inc. is a small-disadvantaged business under the Small Business Administration's

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "modified energy factor" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

CX-007847: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

47: Categorical Exclusion Determination 47: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-007847: Categorical Exclusion Determination Direct Final Rule (DFR) and Accompanying Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NOPR) for Amended Energy Conservation Standards for Residential Clothes Washers (RIN: 1904-AB90) CX(s) Applied: B5.1 Date: 01/23/2012 Location(s): Nationwide Offices(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy In this Direct Final Rule, DOE proposes to adopt amended energy conservation standards for residential clothes washers. The amended standards represent the minimum allowable integrated modified energy factor (IMEF) and maximum allowable integrated water factor. One set of amended standards applies to all products listed in Table 1.1 of the NOPR and manufactured in, or imported into, the United States on or after January 1,

222

Dietary Energy Balance Modulation of Kras- and Ink4a/Arf+/?-Driven Pancreatic Cancer: The Role of Insulin-like Growth Factor-I  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...research-article Research Articles Dietary Energy Balance Modulation of Kras- and Ink4a...we tested the hypothesis that dietary energy balance modulation impacts pancreatic...with IGF-I infusion. Thus, dietary energy balance modulation impacts spontaneous...

Laura M. Lashinger; Lauren M. Harrison; Audrey J. Rasmussen; Craig D. Logsdon; Susan M. Fischer; Mark J. McArthur; Stephen D. Hursting

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

G\\"{o}del-type solution in $f(R,T)$ modified gravity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper, we will examine the problem of violation of causality in $f(R,T)$ modified gravity, where $R$ is the Ricci scalar and $T$ is the trace of the energy-momentum tensor $T_{\\mu\

Ferst, C J

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Gödel-type solution in $f(R,T)$ modified gravity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper, we will examine the problem of violation of causality in $f(R,T)$ modified gravity, where $R$ is the Ricci scalar and $T$ is the trace of the energy-momentum tensor $T_{\\mu\

C. J. Ferst; A. F. Santos

2014-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

225

Adhesives from modified soy protein  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The, present invention provides useful adhesive compositions having similar adhesive properties to conventional UF and PPF resins. The compositions generally include a protein portion and modifying ingredient portion selected from the group consisting of carboxyl-containing compounds, aldehyde-containing compounds, epoxy group-containing compounds, and mixtures thereof. The composition is preferably prepared at a pH level at or near the isoelectric point of the protein. In other preferred forms, the adhesive composition includes a protein portion and a carboxyl-containing group portion.

Sun, Susan (Manhattan, KS); Wang, Donghai (Manhattan, KS); Zhong, Zhikai (Manhattan, KS); Yang, Guang (Shanghai, CN)

2008-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

226

Levinson?modified Born approximation as applied to the spherical square well and to Mie theory  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A modified Born approximation for the spherical square well incorporating Levinson’s theorem and adjusted energies extends the range of validity of the conventional Born approximation to include intermediate incident energies and well depths. These modifications also result in accurate Mie phase shifts for the electromagnetic case for similar ranges of incident energies and effective (or pseudo?) well depths.

David E. Stein; Alex E. S. Green

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Regulatory factors for the assembly of thylakoid membrane protein complexes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...light and its conversion into chemical energy in oxygenic...known regulatory factors are conserved...Regulatory factors for the assembly...light and its conversion into chemical energy in oxygenic...known regulatory factors are conserved...

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Energy-Efficiency-Related Conference Papers and Workshop Summarys  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Home > Households, Buildings & Industry > Energy Efficiency > Home > Households, Buildings & Industry > Energy Efficiency > Conference Papers Conference Papers Page Last Modified: September 2007 The Growth in Electricity Demand in U.S. Households, 1981-2001: Implications for Carbon Emissions Presented at the 25th Annual North American Conference, United States Association for Energy Economics, affiliated with the International Association for Energy Economics, September 18, 2005 Two Decades of U.S. Household Trends in Energy-Intensity Indicators: A Look at the Underlying Factors Presented at the 28th Annual International Association for Energy Economics, International Conference, affiliated with the United States Association for Energy Economics , June 3, 2005 Trends in the Use of Natural Gas in U.S. Households, 1987 to 2001

229

Determination of the 3He+alpha\\to 7Be asymp. normalization coefficients (nucl. vertex constants) and their application for extrapolation of the 3He(alpha,gamma)7Be astroph. S-factors to the solar energy region  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A new analysis of the modern precise measured astrophysical $S$ factors for the direct capture $^3He(\\alpha,\\gamma)^7{\\rm {Be}}$ reaction [B.S. Nara Singh {\\it et al.}, Phys.Rev.Lett. {\\bf 93}, 262503 (2004); D. Bemmerer {\\it et al.}, Phys.Rev.Lett. {\\bf 97}, 122502 (2006); F.Confortola {\\it et al.}, Phys.Rev.C {\\bf 75}, 065803 (2007), T.A.D.Brown {\\it et al.}, Phys.Rev. C {\\bf 76}, 055801 (2007) and A Di Leva, {\\it et al.},Phys.Rev.Lett. {\\bf 102}, 232502 (2009)] populating to the ground and first excited states of $^7{\\rm Be}$ is carried out based on the modified two - body potential approach. New estimates are obtained for the $^{\\glqq}$indirectly determined\\grqq\\, values of the asymptotic normalization constants (the nuclear vertex constants) for $^3{\\rm {He}}+\\alpha\\to{\\rm {^7Be}}$(g.s.) and $^3{\\rm {He}}+\\alpha\\to{\\rm {^7Be}}$(0.429 MeV) as well as the astrophysical $S$ factors $S_{34}(E)$ at E$\\le$ 90 keV, including $E$=0. The values of asymptotic normalization constants have been used for getting information about the $\\alpha$-particle spectroscopic factors for the mirror (${\\rm{^7Li}}{\\rm {^7Be}}$)-pair.

S. B. Igamov; Q. I. Tursunmahatov; R. Yarmukhamedov

2009-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

230

Electrochemical Apparatus with Disposable and Modifiable Parts  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Electrochemical Apparatus with Disposable and Modifiable Parts Electrochemical Apparatus with Disposable and Modifiable Parts Electrochemical Apparatus with Disposable and Modifiable Parts The invention also includes electrochemical apparatus that can interface with optical instrumentation. If the working electrode is transparent, light from an optical fiber may be directed through the working electrode and into a cuvette. July 3, 2013 Electrochemical Apparatus with Disposable and Modifiable Parts Available for thumbnail of Feynman Center (505) 665-9090 Email Electrochemical Apparatus with Disposable and Modifiable Parts Applications: Electrochemical experiments in solution Electrochemical experiments on surfaces Bulk electrolysis experiments Fuel cells Corrosion studies Academic Labs Teaching and research Benefits: Incorporates disposable, commercially available cuvettes

231

Super-acceleration on the Brane by Energy Flow from the Bulk  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider a brane cosmological model with energy exchange between brane and bulk. Parameterizing the energy exchange term by the scale factor and Hubble parameter, we are able to exactly solve the modified Friedmann equation on the brane. In this model, the equation of state for the effective dark energy has a transition behavior changing from $w_{de}^{eff}>-1$ to $w_{de}^{eff}dark energy on the brane has $w>-1$. Fitting data from type Ia supernova, Sloan Digital Sky Survey and Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe, our universe is predicted now in the state of super-acceleration with $w_{de0}^{eff}=-1.21$.

Rong-Gen Cai; Yungui Gong; Bin Wang

2005-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

232

Energy  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

..) ".. ..) ".. _,; ,' . ' , ,; Depar?.me.nt ,of.' Energy Washington; DC 20585 : . ' , - $$ o"\ ' ~' ,' DEC ?;$ ;y4,,, ~ ' .~ The Honorable John Kalwitz , 200 E. Wells Street Milwaukee, W~isconsin 53202, . . i :. Dear,Mayor 'Kalwitz: " . " Secretary of Energy Hazel' O'Leary has announceha new,approach 'to,openness in " the Department of Ene~rgy (DOE) and its communications with'the public. In -. support of~this initiative, we areipleased to forward the enclosed information related to the Milwaukee Ai.rport site in your jurisdiction that performed work, for DOE orits predecessor agencies. information; use, and retention. ., This information .is provided for your '/ ,' DOE's Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial:'Action~'Prog&is responsible for ,"'

233

Growth factor parametrization in curved space  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The growth rate of matter perturbation and the expansion rate of the Universe can be used to distinguish modified gravity and dark energy models in explaining cosmic acceleration. We explore here the inclusion of spatial curvature into the growth factor. We expand previous results using the approximation {omega}{sub m}{sup {gamma}} and then suggest a new form, f{sub a}={omega}{sub m}{sup {gamma}}+({gamma}-4/7){omega}{sub k}, as an approximation for the growth factor when the curvature {omega}{sub k} is not negligible, and where the growth index {gamma} is usually model dependent. The expression recovers the standard results for the curved and flat {lambda}CDM and Dvali-Gabadadze-Porrati models. Using the best fit values of {omega}{sub m0} and {omega}{sub k0} to the expansion/distance measurements from Type Ia SNe, baryon acoustic oscillation, WMAP5, and H(z) data, we fit the growth index parameter to current growth factor data and obtain {gamma}{sub {lambda}}({omega}{sub k}{ne}0)=0.65{sub -0.15}{sup +0.17} and {gamma}{sub DGP}({omega}{sub k}{ne}0)=0.53{sub -0.12}{sup +0.14}. For the {lambda}CDM model, the 1-{sigma} observational bounds are found consistent with theoretical value, unlike the case for the Dvali-Gabadadze-Porrati model. We also find that the current data we used is not enough to put significant constraints when the 3 parameters in f{sub a} are fit simultaneously. Importantly, we find that, in the presence of curvature, the analytical expression proposed for f{sub a} provides a better fit to the growth factor than other forms and should be useful for future high precision missions and studies.

Gong Yungui; Ishak, Mustapha; Wang Anzhong [College of Mathematics and Physics, Chongqing University of Posts and Telecommunications, Chongqing 400065 (China) and Kavli Institute for Theoretical Physics China, CAS, Beijing 100190 (China); Department of Physics, University of Texas at Dallas, Richardson, Texas 75083 (United States); CASPER, Physics Department, Baylor University, Waco, Texas 76798 (United States)

2009-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

234

Crystallization of polyethylene by modified weighted density approximation(MWDA)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this article, we use the modified weighted density approximation to study the crystallization of polyethylene. We also use a direct correlation function of polyethylene based on RISM theory. The free energy of a polyethylene is calculated using density functional theory. The crystallization and solid and liquid density are calculated and finally compared with the prism simulation and experimental results. That shown the result obtained by MWDA is in better agreement, compared with the experimental result than the prism.

Razeghizadeh, Alireza; Lavafpour, Farhad

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Crystallization of polyethylene by modified weighted density approximation(MWDA)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this article, we use the modified weighted density approximation to study the crystallization of polyethylene. We also use a direct correlation function of polyethylene based on RISM theory. The free energy of a polyethylene is calculated using density functional theory. The crystallization and solid and liquid density are calculated and finally compared with the prism simulation and experimental results. That shown the result obtained by MWDA is in better agreement, compared with the experimental result than the prism.

Alireza Razeghizadeh; Vahdat Rafee; Farhad Lavafpour

2015-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

236

Douglas Factors  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Merit Systems Protection Board in its landmark decision, Douglas vs. Veterans Administration, 5 MSPR 280, established criteria that supervisors must consider in determining an appropriate penalty to impose for an act of employee misconduct. These twelve factors are commonly referred to as “Douglas Factors” and have been incorporated into the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Personnel Management System and various FAA Labor Agreements.

237

Method of modifying a surface  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The present invention provides a surface modification method that provides beneficial changes in surface properties, can modify a surface to a greater depth than previous methods, and that is suitable for industrial application. The present method comprises applying a thin-film coating to a surface of a substrate, then subjecting the coated surface to an ion beam. The ion beam power pulse heats the coated surface, leading to alloying between the material in the coating and the material of the substrate. Rapid cooling of the alloyed layer after an ion beam pulse can lead to formation of metastable alloys and microstructures not accessible by conventional alloying methods or intense ion beam treatment of the substrate alone.

Renk, Timothy J. (Albuquerque, NM); Sorensen, Neil R. (Albuquerque, NM); Senft, Donna Cowell (Albuquerque, NM); Buchheit, Jr., Rudolph G. (Columbus, OH); Thompson, Michael O. (Ithaca, NY); Grabowski, Kenneth S. (Alexandria, VA)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

The Modified Embedded Atom Method  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recent modifications have been made to generalize the Embedded Atom Method (EAM) to describe bonding in diverse materials. By including angular dependence of the electron density in an empirical way, the Modified Embedded Atom Method (MEAM) has been able to reproduce the basic energetic and structural properties of 45 elements. This method is ideally suited for examining the interfacial behavior of dissimilar materials. This paper explains in detail the derivation of the method, shows how the parameters of the MEAM are determined directly from experiment or first principles calculations, and examines the quality of the reproduction of the database. Materials with fcc, bcc, hcp, and diamond cubic crystal structure are discussed. A few simple examples of the application of the MEAM to surfaces and interfaces are presented. Calculations of pullout of a SiC fiber in a diamond matrix as a function of applied stress show non-uniform deformation of the fiber.

Baskes, M.I.

1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Modified contour-improved perturbation theory  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The semihadronic tau decay width allows a clean extraction of the strong coupling constant at low energies. We present a modification of the standard “contour-improved” method based on a derivative expansion of the Adler function. The new approach has some advantages compared to contour-improved perturbation theory. The renormalization scale dependence is weaker by more than a factor of 2 and the last term of the expansion is reduced by about 10%, while the renormalization scheme dependence remains approximately equal. The extracted QCD coupling at the tau mass scale is by 2% lower than the contour-improved value. We find ?s(MZ2)=0.1211±0.0010.

Gorazd Cveti?, Marcelo Loewe, Cristian Martinez, and Cristián Valenzuela

2010-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

240

An analysis of the cost-effectiveness of energy efficiency measures and factors affecting their implementation: a case study of Thai sugar industry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We use bottom-up conservation supply curves (CSC) to analyze the cost-effectiveness of various energy efficiency measures for the Thai sugar industry. ... study was conducted in two parts. First, energy efficienc...

Sumate Sathitbun-anan; Bundit Fungtammasan; Mirko Barz…

2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "modified energy factor" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Determination of the 3He+alpha\\to 7Be asymp. normalization coefficients (nucl. vertex constants) and their application for extrapolation of the 3He(alpha,gamma)7Be astroph. S-factors to the solar energy region  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A new analysis of the precise experimental astrophysical $S$-factors for the direct capture $^3He(\\alpha,\\gamma)^7{\\rm {Be}}$ reaction [B.S. Nara Singh et al., Phys.Rev.Lett. {\\bf 93} (2004) 262503; D. Bemmerer et al., Phys.Rev.Lett. {\\bf 97} (2006) 122502; F.Confortola et al., Phys.Rev. {\\bf C 75} (2007) 065803 and T.A.D.Brown et al., Phys.Rev. {\\bf C 76} (2007) 055801] populating to the ground and first excited states of $^7{\\rm Be}$ is carried out based on the modified two - body potential approach in which the direct astrophysical $S$-factor, $S_{34}(E)$, is expressed in terms of the asymptotic normalization constants for $^3{\\rm {He}}+\\alpha\\to ^7{\\rm {Be}}$ and two additional conditions are involved to verify the peripheral character of the reaction under consideration. The Woods--Saxon potential form is used for the bound ($\\alpha+^3{\\rm {He}}$)- state and the $^3{\\rm {He}}\\alpha$- scattering wave functions. New estimates are obtained for the "indirectly measured", values of the asymptotic normalization constants (the nuclear vertex constants) for $^3{\\rm {He}}+\\alpha\\to^7{\\rm {Be}}(g.s.)$ and $^3{\\rm {He}}+\\alpha\\to^7{\\rm {Be}}(0.429 MeV)$ as well as the astrophysical $S$-factors $S_{34}(E)$ at E$\\le$ 90 keV, including $E$=0. The values of asymptotic normalization constants have been used for getting information about the $\\alpha$-particle spectroscopic factors for the mirror ($^7Li^7{\\rm {Be}}$)-pair.

S. B. Igamov; K. I. Tursunmakhatov; R. Yarmukhamedov

2008-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

242

Dietary Energy Balance Modulation of Kras- and Ink4a/Arf+/?-Driven Pancreatic Cancer: The Role of Insulin-like Growth Factor-I  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...research-article Research Articles Dietary Energy Balance Modulation of Kras...the hypothesis that dietary energy balance modulation impacts pancreatic...States: why we need to stem the tide today. 2012[cited 2013...Demark-Wahnefried W, et alObesity, energy balance, and cancer: new opportunities...

Laura M. Lashinger; Lauren M. Harrison; Audrey J. Rasmussen; Craig D. Logsdon; Susan M. Fischer; Mark J. McArthur; and Stephen D. Hursting

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

Analysis of linear energy transfers and quality factors of charged particles produced by spontaneous fission neutrons from 252Cf and 244Pu in the human body  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......determining the energy of charged...emitted from neutron-induced nuclear reactions...of neutron spectra on D T and...spontaneous fission of 252Cf...Watt B. E. Energy spectrum of neutrons from thermal fission of 235U...irradiated by high energy hadrons......

Akira Endo; Tatsuhiko Sato

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Abstract LB-187: Dietary energy balance modulation of Kras- and Ink4a/Arf+/-driven pancreatic cancer: the role of insulin-like growth factor-1.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Association for Cancer Research. 1 October 2014 meeting-abstract Tumor Biology...mitochondrial energy production and...The improved energy status is linked...mitochondrial energy production and...tumor-initiating cells. [abstract]. In: Proceedings...Association for Cancer Research; 2014 Apr 5-9...

Laura M. Lashinger; Lauren M. Harrison; Audrey J. Rasmussen; Craig D. Logsdon; Susan M. Fischer; Mark J. McArthur; and Stephen D. Hursting

2013-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

245

Dietary Energy Balance Modulation of Kras- and Ink4a/Arf+/?-Driven Pancreatic Cancer: The Role of Insulin-like Growth Factor-I  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...provide 30% less total energy and 100% of all vitamins...approximately 30% more total energy, with 100% of vitamins...mice/diet) of dietary energy balance modulation, or...Sinai School of Medicine, New York, NY). Wild-type FVB...

Laura M. Lashinger; Lauren M. Harrison; Audrey J. Rasmussen; Craig D. Logsdon; Susan M. Fischer; Mark J. McArthur; and Stephen D. Hursting

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

Science and society test VI: Energy economics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Simple numerical estimates are developed in order to quantify a variety of energy economics issues. The Verhulst equation which considers the effect of finite resources on petroleum production is modified to take into account supply and demand economics. Numerical and analytical solutions to these differential equations are presented in terms of supply and demand elasticity functions various finite resources and the rate of increase in fuel costs. The indirect cost per barrel of imported oil from OPEC is shown to be about the same as the direct cost. These effects as well as those of discounted benefits and deregulation are used in a calculation of payback periods for various energy conserving devices. A phenomenological model for market penetration is developed along with the factors for future energy growth rates. A brief analysis of the economic returns of the ’’house doctor’’ program to reprofit houses for energy conservation is presented.

David W. Hafemeister

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Experimental evidence of thermonuclear neutrons in a modified plasma focus  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The PF-1000 plasma focus was modified by adding the cathode disk 3 cm in front of the anode. This modification facilitated the evaluation of neutron energy spectra. Two neutron pulses were distinguishable. As regards the first neutron pulse it lasted 40 ns during the plasma stagnation and it demonstrated high isotropy of neutron emission. A peak neutronenergydetected upstream was 2.46 ± 0.02 ? MeV . The full width of neutron energy spectra of 90 ± 20 ? keV enabled to calculate an ion temperature of 1.2 keV. These parameters and a neutron yield of 10 9 corresponded to theoretical predictions for thermonuclear neutrons.

D. Klir; P. Kubes; M. Paduch; T. Pisarczyk; T. Chodukowski; M. Scholz; Z. Kalinowska; E. Zielinska; B. Bienkowska; J. Hitschfel; S. Jednorog; L. Karpinski; J. Kortanek; J. Kravarik; K. Rezac; I. Ivanova-Stanik; K. Tomaszewski

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

Operational water consumption and withdrawal factors for electricity generating technologies: a review of existing literature  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This report provides estimates of operational water withdrawal and water consumption factors for electricity generating technologies in the United States. Estimates of water factors were collected from published primary literature and were not modified except for unit conversions. The water factors presented may be useful in modeling and policy analyses where reliable power plant level data are not available. Major findings of the report include: water withdrawal and consumption factors vary greatly across and within fuel technologies, and water factors show greater agreement when organized according to cooling technologies as opposed to fuel technologies; a transition to a less carbon-intensive electricity sector could result in either an increase or a decrease in water use, depending on the choice of technologies and cooling systems employed; concentrating solar power technologies and coal facilities with carbon capture and sequestration capabilities have the highest water consumption values when using a recirculating cooling system; and non-thermal renewables, such as photovoltaics and wind, have the lowest water consumption factors. Improved power plant data and further studies into the water requirements of energy technologies in different climatic regions would facilitate greater resolution in analyses of water impacts of future energy and economic scenarios. This report provides the foundation for conducting water use impact assessments of the power sector while also identifying gaps in data that could guide future research.

J Macknick; R Newmark; G Heath; K C Hallett

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

NONTHERMAL RADIATION FROM COSMIC-RAY MODIFIED SHOCKS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We calculate nonthermal radiation from cosmic-ray (CR) protons and electrons accelerated at CR modified plane and spherical shocks, using time-dependent, diffusive shock acceleration (DSA) simulations that include radiative losses of CR electrons. Strong non-relativistic shocks with physical parameters relevant for young supernova remnants (SNRs) are considered in both the plane-parallel and spherically symmetric geometries, and compared at times when their dynamical and CR properties are concordant. A thermal leakage injection model and a Bohm-like diffusion coefficient are adopted. After DSA energy gains balance radiative losses, the electron spectrum at the plane shock approaches a time-asymptotic spectrum with a super-exponential cutoff above the equilibrium momentum. The postshock electron spectrum cuts off at a progressively lower momentum downstream from the shock due to the energy losses. That results in the steepening of the volume integrated electron energy spectrum by one power of the particle energy. These features evolve toward lower energies in the spherical, SNR shocks. In a CR modified shock, pion decay gamma-ray emission reveals distinct signatures of nonlinear DSA due to the concave proton momentum spectrum. Although the electron momentum spectrum has a much weaker concavity, the synchrotron spectral slope at the shock may flatten by about 0.1-0.3 between radio and X-ray bands. The slope of the volume integrated emission spectrum behaves nonlinearly around the break frequency.

Kang, Hyesung [Department of Earth Sciences, Pusan National University, Pusan 609-735 (Korea, Republic of); Edmon, Paul P. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, MB R3T 2N2 (Canada); Jones, T. W., E-mail: kang@uju.es.pusan.ac.kr, E-mail: pedmon@physics.umanitoba.ca, E-mail: twj@msi.umn.edu [School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455 (United States)

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Asymptotic normalization coefficients (nuclear vertex constants) for $p+^7Be\\to ^8B$ and the direct $^7Be(p,?)^8B$ astrophysical S-factors at solar energies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A new analysis of the precise experimental astrophysical S-factors for the direct capture $^7Be(p,\\gamma)$ $^8B$ reaction [A.J.Junghans et al.Phys.Rev. C 68 (2003) 065803 and L.T. Baby et al. Phys.Rev. C 67 (2003) 065805] is carried out based on the modified two - body potential approach in which the direct astrophysical S-factor, $ {\\rm S_{17}(E)}$, is expressed in terms of the asymptotic normalization constants for $p+^7Be\\to ^8B$ and two additional conditions are involved to verify the peripheral character of the reaction under consideration. The Woods-Saxon potential form is used for the bound ($p+^7Be$)- state wave function and for the $p^7Be$- scattering wave function. New estimates are obtained for the $^{\\glqq}$indirectly measured\\grqq values of the asymptotic normalization constants (the nuclear vertex constants) for the $p+^7Be\\to ^8B$ and $S_{17}(E)$ at E$\\le$ 115 keV, including $E$=0. These values of $S_{17}(E)$ and asymptotic normalization constants have been used for getting information about the $^{\\glqq}$indirectly measured\\grqq values of the $s$ wave average scattering length and the $p$ wave effective range parameters for $p^7Be$- scattering.

S. B. Igamov; R. Yarmukhamedov

2008-03-27T23:59:59.000Z

251

Epidemiology, risk factors, and lifestyle modifications for gout  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Gout affects more than 1% of adults in ... data support an increase in the prevalence of gout that is potentially attributable to recent shifts ... nonmodifiable and modifiable risk factors for hyperuricemia and

Kenneth G Saag; Hyon Choi

2006-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

TV Energy Consumption Trends and Energy-Efficiency Improvement Options  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

a forecast for total energy consumption in network standbyconsiderable impact on total energy consumption from TVs.factors affecting total energy consumption. Although further

Park, Won Young

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

EIS-0463: Amended Notice of Intent To Modify the Scope of the EIS and  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

3: Amended Notice of Intent To Modify the Scope of the EIS 3: Amended Notice of Intent To Modify the Scope of the EIS and Conduct Additional Public Scoping Meetings, Notice of Floodplains and Wetlands Involvement EIS-0463: Amended Notice of Intent To Modify the Scope of the EIS and Conduct Additional Public Scoping Meetings, Notice of Floodplains and Wetlands Involvement Department of Energy - Presidential Permit Application for Northern Pass Transmission, New Hampshire DOE announces its intent to modify the scope of the Northern Pass Transmission Line Project Environmental Impact Statement (DOE/EIS-0463) and conduct additional public scoping meetings. EIS-0463-AmendedNOI-2013.pdf More Documents & Publications Amended Notice of Intent To Modify the Scope of the EIS and Conduct Additional Public Scoping Meetings, and Notice of Floodplains and Wetlands

254

EIS-0463: Amended Notice of Intent To Modify the Scope of the EIS and  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

63: Amended Notice of Intent To Modify the Scope of the EIS 63: Amended Notice of Intent To Modify the Scope of the EIS and Conduct Additional Public Scoping Meetings, Notice of Floodplains and Wetlands Involvement EIS-0463: Amended Notice of Intent To Modify the Scope of the EIS and Conduct Additional Public Scoping Meetings, Notice of Floodplains and Wetlands Involvement Department of Energy - Presidential Permit Application for Northern Pass Transmission, New Hampshire DOE announces its intent to modify the scope of the Northern Pass Transmission Line Project Environmental Impact Statement (DOE/EIS-0463) and conduct additional public scoping meetings. EIS-0463-AmendedNOI-2013.pdf More Documents & Publications Amended Notice of Intent To Modify the Scope of the EIS and Conduct Additional Public Scoping Meetings, and Notice of Floodplains and Wetlands

255

A Comparison of Iron and Steel Production Energy Intensity in China and the U.S  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2: Final to Primary Energy Conversion Factor in 2006 Finalinternational average energy conversion factors are used forenergy structure. The energy conversion factors for external

Price, Lynn

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

The Crystal Structure of Non-Modified and Bipyridine-Modified PNA Duplexes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Peptide nucleic acid (PNA) is a synthetic analogue of DNA that commonly has an N-aminoethyl glycine backbone. The crystal structures of two PNA duplexes, one containing eight standard nucleobase pairs (GGCATGCC)2, and the other containing the same nucleobase pairs and a central pair of bipyridine ligands, have been solved with a resolution of 1.22 and 1.10 {angstrom}, respectively. The non-modified PNA duplex adopts a P-type helical structure similar to that of previously characterized PNAs. The atomic-level resolution of the structures allowed us to observe for the first time specific modes of interaction between the terminal lysines of the PNA and the backbone and the nucleobases situated in the vicinity of the lysines, which are considered an important factor in the induction of a preferred handedness in PNA duplexes. Our results support the notion that whereas PNA typically adopts a P-type helical structure, its flexibility is relatively high. For example, the base-pair rise in the bipyridine-containing PNA is the largest measured to date in a PNA homoduplex. The two bipyridines bulge out of the duplex and are aligned parallel to the major groove of the PNA. In addition, two bipyridines from adjacent PNA duplexes form a p-stacked pair that relates the duplexes within the crystal. The bulging out of the bipyridines causes bending of the PNA duplex, which is in contrast to the structure previously reported for biphenyl-modified DNA duplexes in solution, where the biphenyls are p stacked with adjacent nucleobase pairs and adopt an intrahelical geometry. This difference shows that relatively small perturbations can significantly impact the relative position of nucleobase analogues in nucleic acid duplexes.

Yeh, Joanne I.; Pohl, Ehmke; Truan, Daphne; He, Wei; Sheldrick, George M.; Du, Shoucheng; Achim, Catalina (Pitt); (PSI); (Goettingen); (Durham); (CM)

2011-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

257

The dissemination of genetically modified organisms in Brazil  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Authorised for commercialisation in the USA since 1994, Genetically Modified Organisms (GMO) were quickly disseminated in this country as well as in Canada, Mexico and Argentina. However, Brazil has remained outside of this process of diffusion. The objective of this article is to analyse the factors that limit the diffusion process of GMOs in Brazil. The article emphasises the polarisation of interests revealed by Monsanto's appropriation strategy of genetic material on the one hand, and by farmers' efforts to (re)appropriate the knowledge and the plant material used and improved by them on the other.

Victor Pelaez; Wilson Schmidt

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Abstract 5440: Analyzing in vivo conformational changes of a transcription factor, c-Myb, using fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) technology.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Association for Cancer Research. 1 October 2014 meeting-abstract Epidemiology...indicators of energy balance and colorectal...Note: This abstract was not presented...indicators of energy balance and colorectal...cancer risk. [abstract]. In: Proceedings...Association for Cancer Research; 2014 Apr 5-9...

Olivia L. George and Scott A. Ness

2013-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

259

Opportunities for Energy Efficiency and Automated Demand Response in Industrial Refrigerated Warehouses in California  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in significant energy and demand savings for refrigeratedbe modified to reduce energy demand during demand responsein refrigerated warehouse energy demand if they are not

Lekov, Alex

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Monthly energy review, December 1998  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Sections of this report include the following: Energy overview; Energy consumption; Petroleum; Natural gas; Oil and gas resource development; Coal; Electricity; Nuclear energy; Energy prices; and International energy. Appendices contain thermal conversion factors, metric and other physical conversion factors, carbon dioxide emission factors for coal, list of feature articles that have appeared since 1994, and a glossary.

NONE

1998-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "modified energy factor" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Compilation of Diversity Factors and Schedules for Energy and Cooling Load Calculations, Phase II Report - Identified Relevant Data Sets, Methods, and Variability Analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for classifying the Office building categories; (3) the relevant methods for daytyping necessary for creating the typical load shapes for energy and cooling load calculation; (4) the relevant robust variability (uncertainty) analysis; (5) typical load shapes...

Abushakra, B.; Haberl, J. S.; Claridge, D. E.

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Discharge convective instability as modifier of nonlinear hydrodynamic spectrum  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Discharge source is considered as modifier of flow hydrodynamic spectrum. Characteristic frequency of nonlinear spectrum and spectrum power were determined under conditions of arc sliding discharge in supersonic flow. Two stages of discharge were defined: sliding stage and still stage. It was found that stage transition occurs due to convective instability of discharge. Fraction of sliding stage in overall discharge duration is determined by averaged current that is general stable discharge parameter. This phenomenon gives opportunity to control power of pressure fluctuations spectrum. Theoretical insight of field and hydrodynamic factors influencing on pulsations frequency was achieved. Hydrodynamic resistance of discharge region and holding cathode electric field turned out to be basic factors of frequency modification. Corresponding experimental verification was taken. Basic frequency law was determined for several discharge regimes.

Sergey Kamenshchikov

2012-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

263

Energy and Economic Impacts of U.S. Federal Energy and Water Conservation Standards Adopted From 1987 through 2012  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

primary energy conversion factors. These factors representannual site- to-source conversion factors based on a versionsite-to- source conversion factors and are likely more

Meyers, Stephen

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

How can we compare or add up our energy consumption?  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

Energy in Brief article on the use of energy conversion factors to compare energy usage from different fuels.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

A MODIFIED TRANSMISSION LINE MODEL FOR LIGHTNING RETURN STROKE FIELD CALCULATIONS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- 229 - 44Hl A MODIFIED TRANSMISSION LINE MODEL FOR LIGHTNING RETURN STROKE FIELD CALCULATIONS V. The modifications considered differ from each other by the height dependent attenuation factor for the return stroke data available. Some problems with modeling of the early and late stages of the return stroke process

Florida, University of

266

Structural consequences of hen egg-white lysozyme orthorhombic crystal growth in a high magnetic field: validation of X-ray diffraction intensity, conformational energy searching and quantitative analysis of B factors and mosaicity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

It has been shown that a high magnetic field of 10 T improves the quality of lysozyme crystals as quantified by comparison of the X-ray diffraction of crystals grown in the presence and absence of a magnetic field of 10 T, from structure comparisons and from molecular-modelling studies with conformational energy searching, from analysis of the anisotropic B factors and finally from analysis of the mosaicity. It is concluded that magnetic enhancement in protein crystal perfection is an important material engineering tool in the study of protein structure and function.

Saijo, S.

2005-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

267

Time machines and traversable wormholes in modified theories of gravity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We review recent work on wormhole geometries in the context of modified theories of gravity, in particular, in f(R) gravity and with a nonminimal curvature-matter coupling, and in the recently proposed hybrid metric-Palatini theory. In principle, the normal matter threading the throat can be shown to satisfy the energy conditions and it is the higher order curvatures terms that sustain these wormhole geometries. We also briefly review the conversion of wormholes into time-machines, explore several of the time travel paradoxes and possible remedies to these intriguing side-effects in wormhole physics.

Francisco S. N. Lobo

2012-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

268

Communications on energy Household energy conservation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study assesses the influence of attitudinal and socio-economic factors on household energy conservation actions. A household interview survey in Regina, Saskatchewan found that respondents perceive an energy problem, although no association with energy conservation actions was determined. Two attitudinal and five socio-economic variables influence household energy conservation. Energy and monetary savings are available to households through energy conservation. Public awareness of household energy conservation through the media can reinforce existing energy conservation actions and encourage new actions.

Fred A. Curtis; P. Simpson-Housley; S. Drever

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

heaters to its customers. In general, any CPS Energy... California Solar Initiative- Solar Thermal Program '''''Note: This program was modified by AB 2249, signed in September...

270

2008 Guidelines to Defra's GHG Conversion Factors Guidelines to Defra's GHG Conversion Factors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with the standard conversion factors at Annex 1. If, however, you export energy or heat to another business (or2008 Guidelines to Defra's GHG Conversion Factors 2008 Guidelines to Defra's GHG Conversion Factors yellow = Calculation results Page 1 of 15 #12;2008 Guidelines to Defra's GHG Conversion Factors Annex 1

271

European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference, Valencia, Spain, 6-10 September 2010, 2BO.3.1 ELECTRON AND HOLE MOBILITY REDUCTION AND HALL FACTOR IN PHOSPHORUS-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

25th European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference, Valencia, Spain, 6-10 September 2010, 2BO.3.1 1 West, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada L8S 4L7 ABSTRACT: The conductivity mobility for majority carrier holes the behaviour of solar cells or other devices under various conditions. Solar-grade silicon often contains high

272

Energy Carrier Transport In Surface-Modified Carbon Nanotubes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of organic molecules or inorganic nanoparticles, debundling of nanotubes by dispersing agents, and microwave irradiation. Because carbon nanotubes have unique carrier transport characteristics along a sheet of graphite in a cylindrical shape, the properties...

Ryu, Yeontack

2012-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

273

Biomass Conversion to Energy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Sunlight is an infinitely abundant source of energy on this earth and all energy on this planet, in principle, is renewable. However, considering the factor of time frame, the present sources of energy such as co...

Maneesha Pande; Ashok N. Bhaskarwar

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Amended Notice of Intent To Modify the Scope of the EIS and Conduct  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Notice of Intent To Modify the Scope of the EIS and Conduct Notice of Intent To Modify the Scope of the EIS and Conduct Additional Public Scoping Meetings, and Notice of Floodplains and Wetlands Involvement for the Northern Pass Project: Federal Register Notice VOlume 78, No. 173 - September 6, 2013 Amended Notice of Intent To Modify the Scope of the EIS and Conduct Additional Public Scoping Meetings, and Notice of Floodplains and Wetlands Involvement for the Northern Pass Project: Federal Register Notice VOlume 78, No. 173 - September 6, 2013 The U.S. Department of Energy announces its intent to modify the scope of the Northern Pass Transmission Line Project Environmental Impact Statement (DOE/EIS-0463) and to conduct additional public scoping meetings. Because the proposed Federal action may involve floodplains and wetlands, the draft

275

Glucose oxidase-graphene-chitosan modified electrode for direct...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

oxidase-graphene-chitosan modified electrode for direct electrochemistry and glucose sensing. Glucose oxidase-graphene-chitosan modified electrode for direct electrochemistry and...

276

Spin-polarized energy-band structure, conduction-electron polarization, spin densities, and the neutron magnetic form factor of ferromagnetic gadolinium  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Conduction-electron polarization, spin densities, and neutron magnetic scattering in ferromagnetic Gd metal were studied using the spin-polarized augmented-plane-wave (APW) method in a warped-muffin-tin-potential formulation. The spin-up and spin-down bands were found to be very similar in shape to the bands from a paramagnetic calculation, with the exchange splitting proportional to the amount of d character in the bands. It was also found that the conduction-electron spin density determined from the APW wave functions is of mostly d character. This dominance of the d-like wave functions for the spin-dependent interactions is explained by (i) the much greater overlap of the 4f states with the d-like wave functions as compared to the s-p wave functions; (ii) the nearly complete d character of the bands in the region of the Fermi surface. The magnetic form factor was calculated from the conduction-electron spin density and compared with the recent neutron magnetic - form - factor measurement of Moon, Koehler, Cable, and Child. The calculated spin density was found to have the same shape as the "diffuse" density derived by Moon et al. (including a negative but much smaller in magnitude spin density at the c site in the unit cell). After the inclusion of core - polarization effects we conclude that large nonspherical contributions with Y33-Y3-3, and Y40 angular dependence are needed to explain the experimental results.

B. N. Harmon and A. J. Freeman

1974-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

Monthly energy review, March 1995  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This publication presents statistical data on the following topics: Energy Consumption; Petroleum; Natural Gas; Oil and Gas Resource Development; Coal; Electricity; Nuclear Energy; Energy Prices; and International Energy. Appendices are included on: Thermal Conversion Factors; Metric and Other Physical Conversion Factors; Carbon Dioxide Emission Factors for Coal. A Glossary is included.

NONE

1995-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

278

Vibrational mode and collision energy effects on reaction of H{sub 2}CO{sup +} with C{sub 2}H{sub 2}: Charge state competition and the role of Franck-Condon factors in endoergic charge transfer  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The effects of collision energy (E{sub col}) and six different H{sub 2}CO{sup +} vibrational states on the title reaction have been studied over the center-of-mass E{sub col} range from 0.1 to 2.6 eV, including measurements of product ion recoil velocity distributions. Ab initio and Rice-Ramsperger-Kassel-Marcus calculations were used to examine the properties of complexes and transition states that might be important in mediating the reaction. Reaction is largely direct, despite the presence of multiple deep wells on the potential surface. Five product channels are observed, with a total reaction cross section at the collision limit. The competition among the major H{sub 2}{sup +} transfer, hydrogen transfer, and proton transfer channels is strongly affected by E{sub col} and H{sub 2}CO{sup +} vibrational excitation, providing insight into the factors that control competition and charge state 'unmixing' during product separation. One of the more interesting results is that endoergic charge transfer appears to be controlled by Franck-Condon factors, implying that it occurs at large inter-reactant separations, contrary to the expectation that endoergic reactions should require intimate collisions to drive the necessary energy conversion.

Liu Jianbo; Van Devener, Brian; Anderson, Scott L. [Department of Chemistry, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah 84112 (United States)

2005-11-22T23:59:59.000Z

279

Inventory of China's Energy-Related CO2 Emissions in 2008  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Conversion Factors list of standard conversion factors for each energy form,Value (LHV) and conversion factor to “coal equivalent”

Fridley, David

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

U.S. Department of Energy NEPA Categorical Exclusion Determination Form  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Direct Final Rule (DFR) and accompanying Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NOPR) for amended energy conservation Direct Final Rule (DFR) and accompanying Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NOPR) for amended energy conservation standards for residential clothes washers (RIN: 1904-AB90) Program or Field Office:EERE - Buildings Technology Program Location's) (City/County/State): Nationwide Proposed Action Description: In this Direct Final Rule, DOE proposes to adopt amended energy conservation standards for residential clothes washers. The amended standards represent the minimum allowable integrated modified energy factor (IMEF) and maximum allowable integrated water factor. One set of amended standards applies to all products listed in Table 1 .1 of the NOPR and manufactured in, or imported into, the United States on or after January 1, 2015. A second set of amended standards applies to the two top-loading product classes for products manufactured in, or imported

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "modified energy factor" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

VIA EMAIL Ms. Mariah Steele ENERGY STAR Program U.S. Environmental Protection Agency  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Peru1sylvania Avenue, NW Peru1sylvania Avenue, NW Room62023 Washington, DC 20460 Dear Ms. Steele: June 12, 2013 The U.S. Department of Energy ("DOE") selected a Fisher & Paykel Appliances ("F&P") residential clothes washer, model WA42T26GW1, for testing as part ofDOE's ENERGY STAR® Verification Testing Program. On March 18, 2013, DOE notified F&P that DOE testing showed the model did not meet the ENERGY STAR requirement for water factor ("WF") 1 or modified energy factor ("MEF"). 2 F&P replied to DOE on April 16, 2013, making two claims. First, F&P argued that DOE had impropel'ly tested the warm wash cycles on the relevant units because the tested model has a "uniformly distributed warm wash temperature selection/' as defined in section 1.17 of

282

Energy reform in Mexico. A new development model or modernization of statism?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper analyses the results of the reform to the Mexican energy sector from 1988 to 1994, the period during which former President Salinas de Gortari changed the energy policy strategy without modifying its objectives. Results were irregular since efforts were asymmetric, which generated new problems. Although the energy sector has opened up to private capital, the process has been far from spectacular. Even before NAFTA, the integration of this sector between Mexico and the USA was already under way; NAFTA accelerated this process and reduced Mexico's margin for manoeuvre in defining and formulating its own energy policy. Political and economic factors prevented Salinas from effecting a more aggressive liberalization; these factors, however, will be less significant during the Zedillo administration, which foreshadows the end of the statist modernism which has characterized this period.

Victor Rodríguez-Padilla; Rosío Vargas

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

A modified electrospark alloying method for low surface roughness  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A modified electrospark alloying method has been developed. The method allows the formation of deposits with low surface roughness compared to that of the conventional electrospark alloying method. It is based on the employment of a sequence of identical pulse groups. The process of electrospark deposition and the process of electrospark grinding were combined by forming pulse groups consisting of a high energy pulse for mass transfer from treating electrode to substrate and low energy pulses for grinding during deposition. Low as-deposited surface roughness was succeeded by properly selecting parameters of the pulses in a group and pauses between them. Experimental results revealed that the proposed method is useful in forming one–two layers of deposition.

Alexander V. Ribalko; Orhan Sahin; Kemal Korkmaz

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Plants having modified response to ethylene  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The invention includes transformed plants having at least one cell transformed with a modified ETR nucleic acid. Such plants have a phenotype characterized by a decrease in the response of at least one transformed plant cell to ethylene as compared to a plant not containing the transformed plant cell. Tissue and/or temporal specificity for expression of the modified ETR nucleic acid is controlled by selecting appropriate expression regulation sequences to target the location and/or time of expression of the transformed nucleic acid. The plants are made by transforming at least one plant cell with an appropriate modified ETR nucleic acid, regenerating plants from one or more of the transformed plant cells and selecting at least one plant having the desired phenotype. 31 figs.

Meyerowitz, E.M.; Chang, C.; Bleecker, A.B.

1997-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

285

Plants having modified response to ethylene  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The invention includes transformed plants having at least one cell transformed with a modified ETR nucleic acid. Such plants have a phenotype characterized by a decrease in the response of at least one transformed plant cell to ethylene as compared to a plant not containing the transformed plant cell. Tissue and/or temporal specificity for expression of the modified ETR nucleic acid is controlled by selecting appropriate expression regulation sequences to target the location and/or time of expression of the transformed nucleic acid. The plants are made by transforming at least one plant cell with an appropriate modified ETR nucleic acid, regenerating plants from one or more of the transformed plant cells and selecting at least one plant having the desired phenotype.

Meyerowitz, Elliot M. (Pasadena, CA); Chang, Caren (Pasadena, CA); Bleecker, Anthony B. (Madison, WI)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Plants having modified response to ethylene  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The invention includes transformed plants having at least one cell transformed with a modified ETR nucleic acid. Such plants have a phenotype characterized by a decrease in the response of at least one transformed plant cell to ethylene as compared to a plant not containing the transformed plant cell. Tissue and/or temporal specificity for expression of the modified ETR nucleic acid is controlled by selecting appropriate expression regulation sequences to target the location and/or time of expression of the transformed nucleic acid. The plants are made by transforming at least one plant cell with an appropriate modified ETR nucleic acid, regenerating plants from one or more of the transformed plant cells and selecting at least one plant having the desired phenotype.

Meyerowitz, Elliott M. (Pasadena, CA); Chang, Caren (Pasadena, CA); Bleecker, Anthony B. (Madison, WI)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Energy Blog | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

July 1, 2010 July 1, 2010 Greener Commercial A/C Units Becoming a Cool Item A new federal tax credit is helping McQuay International expand its line of energy-efficient HVAC products at two of its plants and bring back furloughed workers. July 1, 2010 The Big Green Bus rolled into Washington, D.C., and parked outside the Department of Energy offices Monday to showcase its clean energy features. | Photo Courtesy of Joshua Delung | Big Green Bus: A Vehicle for Change The Big Green Bus, a 1989 MCI coach with an engine modified to run on waste vegetable oil, stopped by the Energy Department to show off it's clean energy features. July 1, 2010 The Farmer's Conundrum: Income from Biofuels or Protect the Soil? Selling crop residues for bioenergy could provide farmers with an extra

288

Electrochemical apparatus comprising modified disposable rectangular cuvette  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Electrochemical apparatus includes a disposable rectangular cuvette modified with at least one hole through a side and/or the bottom. Apparatus may include more than one cuvette, which in practice is a disposable rectangular glass or plastic cuvette modified by drilling the hole(s) through. The apparatus include two plates and some means of fastening one plate to the other. The apparatus may be interfaced with a fiber optic or microscope objective, and a spectrometer for spectroscopic studies. The apparatus are suitable for a variety of electrochemical experiments, including surface electrochemistry, bulk electrolysis, and flow cell experiments.

Dattelbaum, Andrew M; Gupta, Gautam; Morris, David E

2013-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

289

Modified discrete random walk with absorption  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We obtain expected number of arrivals, probability of arrival, absorption probabilities and expected time before absorption for a modified discrete random walk on the (sub)set of integers. In a [pqrs] random walk the particle can move one step forward or backward, stay for a moment in the same state or it can be absorbed immediately in the current state. M[pqrs] is a modified version, where probabilities on both sides of a multiple function barrier M are of different [pqrs] type.

Theo van Uem

2009-03-02T23:59:59.000Z

290

Electrical and Production Load Factors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Texas Abstract Load factors and operating hours of small and medium-sized industrial plants are analyzed to classify shift-work patterns and develop energy conservation diagnostic tools. This paper discusses two types of electric load factors... for each shift classification within major industry groups. The load factor based on billing hours (ELF) increases with operating hours from about 0.4 for a nominal one shift operation, to about 0.7 for around-the-clock operation. On the other hand...

Sen, T.; Heffington, W. M.

291

Monthly energy review, August 1995  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Two brief articles are presented: measuring dependence on imported oil; and preliminary estimates of household energy consumption and expenditures in 1993. Then statistical tables are presented: energy overview, energy consumption, petroleum, natural gas, oil and gas resource development, coal, electricity, nuclear energy, energy prices, and international energy. Appendices present thermal conversion factors, metric and other physical conversion factors, CO{sub 2} emission factors for coal, and listing of previous articles. A glossary is also included.

NONE

1995-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

292

Energy Incentive Programs, South Carolina | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

high efficiency (> 0.82 energy factor) tankless models. What load managementdemand response options are available to me? Duke Energy offers several load management programs:...

293

Cracking of Composite Modified Alloy 825 Primary Air Port Tubes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Twenty primary air ports fabricated from modified Alloy 825-based composite tubes underwent a metallurgical examination to document the mode and extent of cracking on the external fireside surface of a kraft recovery boiler. Collectively, the crack features found are most consistent with thermal fatigue, but corrosion fatigue cannot be ruled out. Regardless of the true cracking mechanism, temperature cycling is implicated as a critical factor for crack propagation. on the basis of the relative crack lengths observed, membrane welds and tube weld repairs, and their adjacent heat-affected zones, appear to be more susceptible to cracking than the cladding itself. This work suggests that mills should avoid boiler operating conditions that promote large temperature fluctuations, which can cause Alloy 825-based composite tubes to crack.

Kish, Joseph R. [Paprican; Keiser, James R [ORNL; Singbeil, Douglas [Paprican; Willoughby, Adam W [ORNL; Longmire, Hu Foster [ORNL

2007-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Multifunctional Structural Supercapacitor Composites Based on Carbon Aerogel Modified High Performance Carbon Fiber Fabric  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Multifunctional Structural Supercapacitor Composites Based on Carbon Aerogel Modified High Performance Carbon Fiber Fabric ... In particular, radical new approaches to energy storage are required to progress toward future zero emission electrical vehicles. ... vehicle attributes and, in particular, the various levels of hybrids. ...

Hui Qian; Anthony R. Kucernak; Emile S. Greenhalgh; Alexander Bismarck; Milo S. P. Shaffer

2013-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

295

Maryland Global Initiatives Corporation Request to Modify  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Maryland Global Initiatives Corporation Request to Modify Payment Authorization Agreement (PAA an existing PAA with this MGIC site: 2. The chartstring funding the existing PAA is: Project ID Owner Dept): Terminate the PAA as of (date): Change in scope of work for site (attach) Other change (describe) 4

Weber, David J.

296

Supplemental Data The Arabidopsis Chromatin-Modifying  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-1 45S siR Nucleolar dot observed: Dispersed nuclear signal: No signal: # nuclei observed 100 0 0 n = 75 = 62 0 9 91 n = 72 0 29 71 n = 76 5S siR Nucleolar dot observed: Dispersed nuclear signal: No signal1 Supplemental Data The Arabidopsis Chromatin-Modifying Nuclear siRNA Pathway Involves a Nucleolar

Jacobsen, Steve

297

Lorentz Invariance Violation in Modified Gravity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider an environmentally dependent violation of Lorentz invariance in scalar-tensor models of modified gravity where General Relativity is retrieved locally thanks to a screening mechanism. We find that fermions have a modified dispersion relation and would go faster than light in an anisotropic and space-dependent way along the scalar field lines of force. Phenomenologically, these models are tightly restricted by the amount of Cerenkov radiation emitted by the superluminal particles, a constraint which is only satisfied by chameleons. Measuring the speed of neutrinos emitted radially from the surface of the earth and observed on the other side of the earth would probe the scalar field profile of modified gravity models in dense environments. We argue that the test of the equivalence principle provided by the Lunar ranging experiment implies that a deviation from the speed of light, for natural values of the coupling scale between the scalar field and fermions, would be below detectable levels, unless gravity is modified by camouflaged chameleons where the field normalisation is environmentally dependent.

Philippe Brax

2012-02-03T23:59:59.000Z

298

The Newtonian limit at intermediate energies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the metric solutions for the gravitational equations in Modified Gravity Models (MGMs). In models with negative powers of the scalar curvature, we show that the Newtonian Limit (NL) is well defined as a limit at intermediate energies, in contrast with the usual low energy interpretation. Indeed, we show that the gravitational interaction is modified at low densities or low curvatures.

J. A. R. Cembranos

2005-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

299

Photonically excited electron emission from modified graphitic nanopetal arrays  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Efficient electron emission for energy conversion requires a low work function and a stable emitter material. The work function of graphene-based carbon materials can decrease significantly by intercalation with alkali metals, thus increasing their emission current. In this work, electron emission from potassium-intercalated carbon nanosheet extensions grown on electrode graphite is investigated. These petal-like structures, composed of 5-25 layers of graphene, are synthesized using microwave plasma chemical vapor deposition. Samples are intercalated with potassium, and a hemispherical energy analyzer is used to measure the emission intensity caused by both thermal and photonic excitation. The emission from the potassium-intercalated structures is found to consistently decrease the work function by 2.4 to 2.8 eV relative to non-intercalated samples. High emission intensity induced by photonic excitation from a solar simulator, with a narrow electron energy distribution relative to established theory, suggests that electron scattering decreases emitted electron energy as compared to surface photoemission. A modified photoemission theory is applied to account for electron scattering, and the sample work function and mean number of scattering events are used as parameters to fit theory to experimental data. The thermal stability of the intercalated nanopetals is investigated, and after an initial heating and cooling cycle, the samples are stable at low temperatures.

McCarthy, Patrick T.; Fisher, Timothy S. [Birck Nanotechnology Center, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907 (United States) [Birck Nanotechnology Center, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907 (United States); School of Mechanical Engineering, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907 (United States); Vander Laan, Scott J.; Janes, David B. [Birck Nanotechnology Center, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907 (United States) [Birck Nanotechnology Center, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907 (United States); School of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907 (United States)

2013-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

300

Sustainability and Energy Development: Influences of Greenhouse Gas Emissions Reduction Options on Water Use in Energy Production  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Climate change mitigation strategies cannot be evaluated solely in terms of energy cost and greenhouse gas (GHG) mitigation potential. Maintaining GHGs at a 'safe' level will require fundamental change in the way we approach energy production, and a number of environmental, economic, and societal factors will come into play. Water is an essential component of energy production, and water resource constraints (e.g., insufficient supplies and competing ecological and anthropogenic needs) will limit our options for producing energy and for reducing GHG emissions. This study evaluates these potential constraints from a global perspective by revisiting the 'climate wedges' proposal of Pacala and Sokolow [1], and evaluating the potential water impacts of the 'wedges' associated with energy production. Results indicate that there is a range of water impacts, with some options reducing water demand while others increase water demand. Mitigation options that improve energy conversion and end-use efficiency have the greatest potential for reducing water resources impacts. These options provide 'win-win-win' scenarios for reducing GHG emissions, lowering energy costs and reducing water demand. Thet may merit higher priority than alternative options that emphasize deploying new low-carbon energy facilities or modifying existing facilities with energy intensive GHG mitigation technologies to reduce GHG emissions. While the latter can reduce GHG emissions, they will typically increase energy costs and water impacts.

D. Craig Cooper; Gerald Sehlke

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "modified energy factor" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Monthly Energy Review  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This publication presents an overview of the Energy information Administration`s recent monthly energy statistics. The statistics cover the major activities of US production, consumption, trade, stocks, and prices for petroleum, natural gas, coal, electricity, and nuclear energy. Also included are international energy and thermal and metric conversion factors. Two brief ``energy plugs`` (reviews of EIA publications) are included, as well.

NONE

1996-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

302

Modified Newton's law, braneworlds, and the gravitational quantum well  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Most of the theories involving extra dimensions assume that only the gravitational interaction can propagate in them. In such approaches, called brane world models, the effective, 4-dimensional, Newton's law is modified at short as well as at large distances. Usually, the deformation of Newton's law at large distances is parametrized by a Yukawa potential, which arises mainly from theories with compactified extra dimensions. In many other models however, the extra dimensions are infinite. These approaches lead to a large distance power-law deformation of the gravitational newtonian potential $V_N(r)$, namely $V(r)=(1+k_b/r^b)V_N(r)$, which is less studied in the literature. We investigate here the dynamics of a particle in a gravitational quantum well with such a power-law deformation. The effects of the deformation on the energy spectrum are discussed. We also compare our modified spectrum to the results obtained with the GRANIT experiment, where the effects of the Earth's gravitational field on quantum states of ultra cold neutrons moving above a mirror are studied. This comparison leads to upper bounds on $b$ and $k_b$.

F. Buisseret; B. Silvestre-Brac; V. Mathieu

2007-01-18T23:59:59.000Z

303

Industrial Power Factor Analysis Guidebook.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Power factor is a way of measuring the percentage of reactive power in an electrical system. Reactive power represents wasted energy--electricity that does no useful work because the electrical current is out of phase with the voltage. Reactive power is used by inductive loads (such as, motors, transformers, fluorescent lights, arc welders and induction furnaces) to sustain their magnetic fields. Electric systems with many motors exhibit low power factors, increased conductor and transformer losses, and lower voltages. Utilities must supply both active and reactive power and compensate for these losses. Power factor can be improved by the addition of shunt capacitors. Capacitors act in opposition to inductive loads, thereby minimizing the reactive power required to serve them. In raising the power factor, shunt capacitors release energy to the system, reduce system losses, and ultimately decrease power costs. Improving system power factor can reduce reactive and active power losses for both industry and utilities through the addition of shunt capacitors. This Guide Book gives electric utility technical staff, industrial end-users, consultants and BPA employees a step-by-step method for evaluating the cost effectiveness of installing power factor correction capacitors in an industrial plant.

Electrotek Concepts.

1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Complex-Energy Shell-Model Description of Alpha Decay  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In his pioneering work of alpha decay, Gamow assumed that the alpha particle formed inside the nucleus tunnels through the barrier of the alpha-daughter potential. The corresponding metastable state can be viewed as a complex-energy solution of the time-independent Schroedinger equation with the outgoing boundary condition. The formation of the alpha cluster, missing in the original Gamow formulation, can be described within the R-matrix theory in terms of the formation amplitude. In this work, the alpha decay process is described by computing the formation amplitude and barrier penetrability in a large complex-energy configuration space spanned by the complex-energy eigenstates of the finite Woods-Saxon (WS) potential. The proper normalization of the decay channel is essential as it strongly modifies the alpha-decay spectroscopic factor. The test calculations are carried out for the ^{212}Po alpha decay.

Id Betan, R. [Rosario Physics Institute, Rosario, Argentina] [Rosario Physics Institute, Rosario, Argentina; Nazarewicz, Witold [ORNL] [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Effect of modifying host oil on coprocessing  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Petroleum is rich in aliphatic and naphthenic compounds, but usually contains relatively few aromatic or hydroaromatic compounds. This paper will explore ways in which petroleum resids (1000{degrees}F+) can be modified to improve them as coprocessing media with coal. Modifications of the resid include (1) hydrogenation with iron and molybdenum-based catalysts, (2) mild hydrogenation with dicobalt octacarbonyl (CO{sub 2}(CO){sub 8}) to convert any aromatics in the resid to hydroaromatics, (3) addition of certain polynuclear aromatic compounds that are excellent hydrogen shuttlers, and (4) catalytic hydrocracking of the resid. The untreated resid and modified oils were evaluated in thermal and catalytic coprocessing experiments. Measures for evaluating coprocessing performance include the fraction of coal converted to M soluble products and the yield of distillable oil, as measured using simulated distillation.

Hajdu, P.E.; Tierney, J.W.; Wender, I. [Univ. of Pittsburgh, PA (United States)

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Intramolecular ET Rates in Modified Ferrocytochromes c  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Intramolecular Electron-Transfer Rates on Driving Force, pH, Intramolecular Electron-Transfer Rates on Driving Force, pH, and Temperature in Ammineruthenium-Modified Ferrocytochromes c James F. Wishart, Ji Sun, Myung Cho, Chang Su, and Stephan S. Isied J. Phys. Chem. B 101, 687-693 (1997) [Find paper at ACS Publications] or use ACS Articles on Request Abstract: Several ruthenium ammine complexes were used to modify horse-heart cytochrome c at histidine-33, creating a series of (NH3)4(L)Ru-Cyt c derivatives (L = H2O/OH-, ammonia, 4-ethylpyridine, 3,5-lutidine, pyridine, isonicotinamide, N-methylpyrazinium) with a wide range of driving forces for Fe-to-Ru electron transfer (-DG° = -0.125 to +0.46 eV). Electron-transfer rates and activation parameters were measured by pulse radiolysis using azide or carbonate radicals. The driving-force dependence

307

EIA Energy Efficiency-  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

- Energy Efficiency, energy consumption - Energy Efficiency, energy consumption savings households, buildings, industry & vehicles Energy Savings Links Home > Households, Buildings & Industry > Energy Efficiency > Energy Savings Energy Savings saving energy in all sectors Last Page Modified: August 2010 All Sectors, Home, Commercial Building , Automobile Transportation, Manufacturing, Federal Government Program, Nonprofit and Other Organizations These links are provided solely as a service to our customers, and therefore should not be construed as advocating or reflecting any position of the Energy Information Administration (EIA). In addition, EIA does not guarantee the content or accuracy of any information presented in linked sites. If you have an "Energy Savings" web site that may be an appropriate link for this site, please contact us if you wish to be listed on this page.

308

Deputy Secretary Decision Affirming Decision as Modified, January 19, 2000  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Daniel Holsinger, Complainant, v. K-Ray Security, Inc., Respondent OHA Case Nos. VWC-0001 and VWC-0002 Daniel Holsinger, Complainant, v. K-Ray Security, Inc., Respondent OHA Case Nos. VWC-0001 and VWC-0002 DECISION AFFIRMING AGENCY DECISION AS MODIFIED Issued: January 19, 2000 This is a request for review by K-Ray Security, Inc., the current security operations contractor at DOE's Federal Energy Technology Center ("FETC"), of the Decision of the Office of Hearings and Appeals ("OHA") on remand from the Deputy Secretary adhering, after an additional evidentiary hearing and an assessment of the equities, to its earlier finding that reinstatement of Complainant Holsinger as a security guard is a necessary and appropriate action to effect full relief, even though it was the prior security contractor, Watkins Security Agency, Inc., ("WSA") that was found to have committed the act of reprisal

309

Observational Constraints of New Variable Modified Chaplygin Gas Model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Assuming the flat FRW universe in Einstein's gravity filled with New Variable Modified Chaplygin gas (NVMCG) dark energy and dark matter having negligible pressure. In this research work we analyze the viability on the basis of recent observation. Hubble parameter $H$ is expressed in terms of the observable parameters $H_0$, $\\Omega_m^0$ and the model parameters $A_0$, $B_0$, $C_0$, $m$, $n$, $\\alpha$ and the red shift parameter $z$. Here we find a best fitted parameter range of $A_0$, $B_0$ keeping $0\\leq \\alpha \\leq 1$ and using Stern data set (12 points) by minimizing the $\\chi^2$ test at 66%, 90% and 99% confidence levels. Next we do the joint analysis with BAO and CMB observations. Again evaluating the distance modulus $\\mu(z)$ vs redshift ($z$) curve obtained in the model NVMCG with dark matter with the best fitted value of the parameters and comparing with that derived from the union2 compilation data.

Jhumpa Bhadra; Ujjal Debnath

2012-11-09T23:59:59.000Z

310

Testing Modified Gravity with Gravitational Wave Astronomy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The emergent area of gravitational wave astronomy promises to provide revolutionary discoveries in the areas of astrophysics, cosmology, and fundamental physics. One of the most exciting possibilities is to use gravitational-wave observations to test alternative theories of gravity. In this contribution we describe how to use observations of extreme-mass-ratio inspirals by the future Laser Interferometer Space Antenna to test a particular class of theories: Chern-Simons modified gravity.

Carlos F. Sopuerta; Nicolas Yunes

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Characterization of electrochemically modified polycrystalline platinum surfaces  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The characterization of electrochemically modified polycrystalline platinum surfaces has been accomplished through the use of four major electrochemical techniques. These were chronoamperometry, chronopotentiommetry, cyclic voltammetry, and linear sweep voltammetry. A systematic study on the under-potential deposition of several transition metals has been performed. The most interesting of these were: Ag, Cu, Cd, and Pb. It was determined, by subjecting the platinum electrode surface to a single potential scan between {minus}0.24 and +1.25 V{sub SCE} while stirring the solution, that the electrocatalytic activity would be regenerated. As a consequence of this study, a much simpler method for producing ultra high purity water from acidic permanganate has been developed. This method results in water that surpasses the water produced by pyrocatalytic distillation. It has also been seen that the wettability of polycrystalline platinum surfaces is greatly dependent on the quantity of oxide present. Oxide-free platinum is hydrophobic and gives a contact angle in the range of 55 to 62 degrees. We have also modified polycrystalline platinum surface with the electrically conducting polymer poly-{rho}-phenylene. This polymer is very stable in dilute sulfuric acid solutions, even under applied oxidative potentials. It is also highly resistant to electrochemical hydrogenation. The wettability of the polymer modified platinum surface is severely dependent on the choice of supporting electrolyte chosen for the electrochemical polymerization. Tetraethylammonium tetrafluoroborate produces a film that is as hydrophobic as Teflon, whereas tetraethylammonium perchlorate produces a film that is more hydrophilic than oxide-free platinum.

Krebs, L.C.; Ishida, Takanobu.

1991-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Unified description of screened modified gravity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We consider modified gravity models driven by a scalar field whose effects are screened in high density regions due to the presence of nonlinearities in its interaction potential and/or its coupling to matter. Our approach covers chameleon, f(R) gravity, dilaton and symmetron models and allows a unified description of all these theories. We find that the dynamics of modified gravity are entirely captured by the time variation of the scalar field mass and its coupling to matter evaluated at the cosmological minimum of its effective potential, where the scalar field has sat since an epoch prior to big bang nucleosynthesis. This new parametrization of modified gravity allows one to reconstruct the potential and coupling to matter and therefore to analyze the full dynamics of the models, from the scale dependent growth of structures at the linear level to nonlinear effects requiring N-body simulations. This procedure is illustrated with explicit examples of reconstruction for chameleon, dilaton, f(R) and symmetron models.

Philippe Brax; Anne-Christine Davis; Baojiu Li; Hans A. Winther

2012-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

313

Rheological Modifier Testing with DWPF Process Slurries  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Rheological modification agents were tested on simulated SRAT and SME products to determine if a suitable agent could be found for the DWPF process slurries. The agents tested were dispersants that lower the rheological properties of slurries by preventing agglomerization. Dolapix CE64, an ethylene glycol, and Disperse-Ayd W28, a polyacrylate, were the most effective dispersants tested. Further evaluation and testing should be performed on Dolapix CE64 and Disperse-Ayd W28 to determine if implementation is possible in DWPF. The initial phase of future work will include optimization of the rheology modifier by the Illinois Institute of Technology (IIT) and development of a maximum concentration limit for the rheology modifiers. IIT has been commissioned to evaluate the properties of these chemicals to determine if the chemical makeup can be optimized to enhance the properties of these modifiers. An initial concentration limit based upon the DWPF flammability limit and other constraints should be calculated to determine the potential downstream impacts.

MICHAEL, STONE

2004-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Algae Harvest Energy Conversion  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Resolution of many workshops on algae harvest energy conversion is that low productivity, high capital intensity ... and maintenance, respiration, and photoinhibition are few factors militating against viability ...

Yung-Tse Hung Ph.D.; P.E.; DEE; O. Sarafadeen Amuda Ph.D.…

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

MEMORANDUM : APPROVAL TO MODIFY ADVANCE WAIVER OF PATENT RIGHTS W(A)  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

: APPROVAL TO MODIFY ADVANCE WAIVER OF PATENT RIGHTS W(A) : APPROVAL TO MODIFY ADVANCE WAIVER OF PATENT RIGHTS W(A) 2009-047 GRANTED FOR US SOLAR HOLDINGS LLC UNDER AGREEMENT NO. DE-FC36-08G018 155 US Solar Holdings LLC ("US Solar") has requested that the Department of Energy ("DOE") modify or clarify the cost share requirements set forth in the statement of considerations for the granted advance patent waiver W(A) 2009-047. Specifically, the statement of considerations, as originally granted, states the following: The total cost of the award is approximately $4 million with the Petitioner providing about 50% cost sharing. This waiver is contingent upon the Petitioner maintaining, in aggregate, the above cost sharing percentage over the course of the agreement. Rather than just provide an aggregate cost share requirement of 50% for the agreement, US Solar

316

Fatty acid production in genetically modified cyanobacteria  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...whether they divert energy into production...We found both disadvantages and advantages of FFA overproduction...strains. The disadvantage was the...for sustainable energy: Biochemical...gasoline-secreting diatom solar panels . Ind Eng...

Xinyao Liu; Jie Sheng; Roy Curtiss III

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Energy 29 (2004) 1317 www.elsevier.com/locate/energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

travel and expenditures. Details for the energy conversion factors are given in the notes Venere Workshop. Conversion factors for travel were erroneously large, and are corrected here. FortyEnergy 29 (2004) 13­17 www.elsevier.com/locate/energy Brief Note Personal energy impact

Vermont, University of

318

Fatty acid production in genetically modified cyanobacteria  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...on whether they divert energy into production of substantial...strains will result in economical biofuel...235 – 240 . 2 Dept of Energy ( 2008 ) National Algal Fuels...diatoms for sustainable energy: Biochemical engineering...gasoline-secreting diatom solar panels . Ind Eng Chem...

Xinyao Liu; Jie Sheng; Roy Curtiss III

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

N-soliton solutions to the modified Boussinesq equation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Searching for exact solutions to nonlinear evolution equations is a very important and interesting work in nonlinear science. In this paper, the modified Boussinesq equation is derived from the modified Gel’ ... ...

Qiong Li ? ?; Tie-cheng Xia ???…

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Modified Van der Waals theory of fluid interfaces  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A modified version of the Van der Waals theory of fluid interfaces is presented. The modified theory is shown to retain the qualitative simplicity of the original theory while yielding a much more quantitative description of fluid properties.

Vito Bongiorno and H. Ted Davis

1975-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "modified energy factor" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Testing of the Modified Anomalous Diffraction Approximation with...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

y mix and mix regarding the P-D power laws is analogous to this procedure. Testing of Modified ADA Modified ADA has already been tested with regard to SD extinction...

322

Power Factor Compensation (PFC) Power Factor Compensation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Power Factor Compensation (PFC) Power Factor Compensation The power factor (PF) is defined as the ratio between the active power and the apparent power of a system. If the current and voltage are periodic with period , and [ ), then the active power is defined by ( ) ( ) (their inner product

Knobloch,Jürgen

323

Large Scale GSHP as Alternative Energy for American Farmers Geothermal...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Scale GSHP as Alternative Energy for American Farmers Geothermal Project Jump to: navigation, search Last modified on July 22, 2011. Project Title Large Scale GSHP as Alternative...

324

File:Solar FPEIS Volume 1.pdf | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

some details may not fully reflect the modified file. Image title Final Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement for Solar Energy Development in Six Southwestern States...

325

Carbon Dioxide Emission Factors for Coal  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

The Energy Information Administration (EIA) has developed factors for estimating the amount of carbon dioxide emitted, accounting for differences among coals, to reflect the changing "mix" of coal in U.S. coal consumption.

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Sustainable Energy Scenarios Using Green Energy for India  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Energy sources are a vital factor for any developing country like India. To aid in its economic growth, the energy source should be sustainable and renewable energy is one such option. However, it is found tha...

L. Suganthi; A. Williams

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

California’s Energy Future: Transportation Energy Use in California  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

energy use and emissions in 2050. The ultimate marketmarket introduction of FCVs and associated refueling infrastructure. Vehicle EnergyEnergy Use in California Studying these factors will also help determine the rate of adoption and also maximum market

Yang, Christopher

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

Energy States of Universe and New Phantom Energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy states of the universe is obtained when the scale factor is defined as a=At^n, and n varies as -1energy, which it`s energy density increases with time while w=-1/3 .

Mahgoub Salih

2009-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

329

Friedmann model with viscous cosmology in modified $f(R,T)$ gravity theory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper, we introduce bulk viscosity in the formalism of modified gravity theory in which the gravitational action contains a general function $f(R,T)$, where $R$ and $T$ denote the curvature scalar and the trace of the energy-momentum tensor, respectively within the framework of a flat Friedmann-Robertson-Walker model. As an equation of state for prefect fluid, we take $p=(\\gamma-1)\\rho$, where $0 \\leq \\gamma \\leq 2$ and viscous term as a bulk viscosity due to isotropic model, of the form $\\zeta =\\zeta_{0}+\\zeta_{1}H$, where $\\zeta_{0}$ and $\\zeta_{1}$ are constants, and $H$ is the Hubble parameter. The exact non-singular solutions to the corresponding field equations are obtained with non- viscous and viscous fluids, respectively by assuming a simplest particular model of the form of $f(R,T) = R+2f(T)$, where $f(T)=\\alpha T$ ( $\\alpha$ is a constant). A big-rip singularity is also observed for $\\gammahistory of the universe. It is observed that the universe accelerates or exhibits transition from decelerated phase to accelerated phase under certain constraints of $\\zeta_0$ and $\\zeta_1$. We compare the viscous models with the non-viscous one through the graph plotted between scale factor and cosmic time and find that bulk viscosity plays the major role in the expansion of the universe. A similar graph is plotted for deceleration parameter with non-viscous and viscous fluids and find a transition from decelerated to accelerated phase with some form of bulk viscosity.

C. P. Singh; Pankaj Kumar

2014-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

330

Achieving Energy Savings Through Residential Energy Use Behavior  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Achieving Energy Savings Through Residential Energy Use Behavior Studies Energy Efficiency Research Office PIER Buildings End-use Energy Efficiency Research Program www.energy.ca.gov/research/buildings May 2012 The Issue Understanding the factors that influence energy use behavior is a largely uninvestigated

331

Evaluation of polyethylene-modified asphalt blends  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Table 1. Viscosity of components of bitumens and polyolefins (after reference 3). Page 13 Table 2, Aging indices of modified and unmodified asphalts (Samples were aged at 140 'F at 20 atm. of pressure . . 24 Table 3. Table 4. Table 5. Viscosity... in poises as a function of time of aging for selected asphalts (Samples were aged at 140'F at room pressure). Comparison of mixture properties at optimum binder content as determined by the Marshall mixture design methodology (river gravel mixture and a...

Consuegra Granger, Fernando

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Modified semi-classical methods for nonlinear quantum oscillations problems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We develop a modified semi-classical approach to the approximate solution of Schroedinger's equation for certain nonlinear quantum oscillations problems. In our approach, at lowest order, the Hamilton-Jacobi equation of the conventional semi-classical formalism is replaced by an inverted-potential-vanishing-energy variant thereof. With suitable smoothness, convexity and coercivity properties imposed on its potential energy function, we prove, using methods drawn from the calculus of variations together with the (Banach space) implicit function theorem, the existence of a global, smooth 'fundamental solution' to this equation. Higher order quantum corrections thereto, for both ground and excited states, can then be computed through the integration of associated systems of linear transport equations, derived from Schroedinger's equation, and formal expansions for the corresponding energy eigenvalues obtained therefrom by imposing the natural demand for smoothness on the (successively computed) quantum corrections to the eigenfunctions. For the special case of linear oscillators our expansions naturally truncate, reproducing the well-known exact solutions for the energy eigenfunctions and eigenvalues. As an explicit application of our methods to computable nonlinear problems, we calculate a number of terms in the corresponding expansions for the one-dimensional anharmonic oscillators of quartic, sectic, octic, and dectic types and compare the results obtained with those of conventional Rayleigh/Schroedinger perturbation theory. To the orders considered (and, conjecturally, to all orders) our eigenvalue expansions agree with those of Rayleigh/Schroedinger theory whereas our wave functions more accurately capture the more-rapid-than-gaussian decay known to hold for the exact solutions to these problems. For the quartic oscillator in particular our results strongly suggest that both the ground state energy eigenvalue expansion and its associated wave function expansion are Borel summable to yield natural candidates for the actual exact ground state solution and its energy. Our techniques for proving the existence of the crucial 'fundamental solution' to the relevant (inverted-potential-vanishing-energy) Hamilton-Jacobi equation have the important property of admitting interesting infinite dimensional generalizations. In a project paralleling the present one we shall show how this basic construction can be carried out for the Yang-Mills equations in Minkowski spacetime.

Moncrief, Vincent [Department of Physics and Department of Mathematics, Yale University, P.O. Box 208120, New Haven, Connecticut 06520 (United States); Marini, Antonella [Department of Mathematics, Yeshiva University, 500 West 185th Street, New York, New York 10033, USA and Department of Mathematics, University of L'Aquila, Via Vetoio, 67010 L'Aquila, AQ (Italy); Maitra, Rachel [Department of Physics, Albion College, 611 E. Porter Street, Albion, Michigan 49224 (United States)

2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

333

Chemically modified carbonic anhydrases useful in carbon capture systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The present disclosure relates to chemically modified carbonic anhydrase polypeptides and soluble compositions, homogenous liquid formulations comprising them. The chemically modified carbonic anhydrase polypeptides have improved properties relative to the same carbonic anhydrase polypeptide that is not chemically modified including the improved properties of increased activity and/or stability in the presence of amine compounds, ammonia, or carbonate ion. The present disclosure also provides methods of preparing the chemically modified polypeptides and methods of using the chemically modified polypeptides for accelerating the absorption of carbon dioxide from a gas stream into a solution as well as for the release of the absorbed carbon dioxide for further treatment and/or sequestering.

Novick, Scott; Alvizo, Oscar

2013-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

334

Chemically modified carbonic anhydrases useful in carbon capture systems  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The present disclosure relates to chemically modified carbonic anhydrase polypeptides and soluble compositions, homogenous liquid formulations comprising them. The chemically modified carbonic anhydrase polypeptides have improved properties relative to the same carbonic anhydrase polypeptide that is not chemically modified including the improved properties of increased activity and/or stability in the presence of amine compounds, ammonia, or carbonate ion. The present disclosure also provides methods of preparing the chemically modified polypeptides and methods of using the chemically modified polypeptides for accelerating the absorption of carbon dioxide from a gas stream into a solution as well as for the release of the absorbed carbon dioxide for further treatment and/or sequestering.

Novick, Scott J; Alvizo, Oscar

2013-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

335

MODIFIED GRAVITY SPINS UP GALACTIC HALOS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We investigate the effect of modified gravity on the specific angular momentum of galactic halos by analyzing the halo catalogs at z = 0 from high-resolution N-body simulations for a f(R) gravity model that meets the solar-system constraint. It is shown that the galactic halos in the f(R) gravity model tend to acquire significantly higher specific angular momentum than those in the standard {Lambda}CDM model. The largest difference in the specific angular momentum distribution between these two models occurs for the case of isolated galactic halos with mass less than 10{sup 11} h {sup -1} M {sub Sun }, which are likely least shielded by the chameleon screening mechanism. As the specific angular momentum of galactic halos is rather insensitive to other cosmological parameters, it can in principle be an independent discriminator of modified gravity. We speculate a possibility of using the relative abundance of low surface brightness galaxies (LSBGs) as a test of general relativity given that the formation of the LSBGs occurs in fast spinning dark halos.

Lee, Jounghun [Astronomy Program, Department of Physics and Astronomy, FPRD, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-747 (Korea, Republic of)] [Astronomy Program, Department of Physics and Astronomy, FPRD, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-747 (Korea, Republic of); Zhao, Gong-Bo [National Astronomy Observatories, Chinese Academy of Science, Beijing 100012 (China)] [National Astronomy Observatories, Chinese Academy of Science, Beijing 100012 (China); Li, Baojiu [Institute of Computational Cosmology, Department of Physics, Durham University, Durham DH1 3LE (United Kingdom)] [Institute of Computational Cosmology, Department of Physics, Durham University, Durham DH1 3LE (United Kingdom); Koyama, Kazuya, E-mail: jounghun@astro.snu.ac.kr [Institute of Cosmology and Gravitation, University of Portsmouth, Portsmouth, PO1 3FX (United Kingdom)] [Institute of Cosmology and Gravitation, University of Portsmouth, Portsmouth, PO1 3FX (United Kingdom)

2013-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

336

A Modified Efficiency Equation of Solar Collectors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper describes the derivation of a modified equation for solar collector efficiency that is expressed using the heating load term instead of the inlet fluid temperature term from the currently used linear collector efficiency equation. The parameters in the modified equation are estimated using test data measured for 14 days. In evaluation of the equation's validity, the calculated daily collector efficiency agrees well with the measured daily collector efficiency, with a correlation coefficient of 0.9110. The equation is also be expressed in another form by including the term for the shape of the hot water storage tank in the solar heating system. Collector efficiencies with parametric changes are calculated with the estimated parameters and compared with different global solar irradiance on solar collectors, daily average ambient temperature and heating loads per collector area. It would be necessary to estimate the parameters for better performance of the efficiency equation with more data from long-term system simulations at various operating conditions.

Kyoung-ho Lee; Nam-choon Baek

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

Boron modified molybdenum silicide and products  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A boron-modified molybdenum silicide material is disclosed having the composition comprising about 80 to about 90 weight % Mo, about 10 to about 20 weight % Si, and about 0.1 to about 2 weight % B and a multiphase microstructure including Mo{sub 5}Si{sub 3} phase as at least one microstructural component effective to impart good high temperature creep resistance. The boron-modified molybdenum silicide material is fabricated into such products as electrical components, such as resistors and interconnects, that exhibit oxidation resistance to withstand high temperatures in service in air as a result of electrical power dissipation, electrical resistance heating elements that can withstand high temperatures in service in air and other oxygen-bearing atmospheres and can span greater distances than MoSi{sub 2} heating elements due to improved creep resistance, and high temperature structural members and other fabricated components that can withstand high temperatures in service in air or other oxygen-bearing atmospheres while retaining creep resistance associated with Mo{sub 5}Si{sub 3} for structural integrity. 7 figs.

Meyer, M.K.; Akinc, M.

1999-02-02T23:59:59.000Z

338

Boron modified molybdenum silicide and products  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A boron-modified molybdenum silicide material having the composition comprising about 80 to about 90 weight % Mo, about 10 to about 20 weight % Si, and about 0.1 to about 2 weight % B and a multiphase microstructure including Mo.sub.5 Si.sub.3 phase as at least one microstructural component effective to impart good high temperature creep resistance. The boron-modified molybdenum silicide material is fabricated into such products as electrical components, such as resistors and interconnects, that exhibit oxidation resistance to withstand high temperatures in service in air as a result of electrical power dissipation, electrical resistance heating elements that can withstand high temperatures in service in air and other oxygen-bearing atmospheres and can span greater distances than MoSi.sub.2 heating elements due to improved creep resistance, and high temperature structural members and other fabricated components that can withstand high temperatures in service in air or other oxygen-bearing atmospheres while retaining creep resistance associated with Mo.sub.5 Si.sub.3 for structural integrity.

Meyer, Mitchell K. (Idaho Falls, ID); Akinc, Mufit (Ames, IA)

1999-02-02T23:59:59.000Z

339

Modified gravity, the Cascading DGP model and its critical tension  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We investigate the presence of instabilities in the Cascading DGP model. We start by discussing the problem of the cosmological late time acceleration, and we introduce the modified gravity approach. We then focus on brane induced gravity models and in particular on the Cascading DGP model. We consider configurations of the latter model where the source term is given simply by vacuum energy (pure tension), and we study perturbations at first order around these configurations. We perform a four-dimensional scalar-vector-tensor decomposition of the perturbations, and show that, regarding the scalar sector, the dynamics in a suitable limit can be described by a master equation. This master equation contains an energy scale (critical tension) which is related in a non-trivial way to the parameters of the model. We give a geometrical interpretation of why this scale emerges, and explain its relevance for the presence of ghost instabilities in the theory. We comment on the difference between our result and the one present in the literature, and stress its importance regarding the phenomenological viability of the model. We finally provide a numerical check which confirms the validity of our analysis.

Fulvio Sbisa'

2014-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

340

A modified split-supply switched-reluctance drive inverter  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper describes the application of a new simple voltage-boosting feature to split-supply SR (switched-reluctance) inverter. As its name implies, the SR motor always operates in switching mode and has distinct motoring and generating rotor angular regions. The effectiveness of the energy conversion process of SR motor depends basically on the ability of its inverter to inject adequate current during the positive-torque angular region and to reduce the current to negligible value during negative-torque angular region. The modified inverter effectively generates boost voltages for accelerating current build-up and decay and hence enhances the performance of SR drives. Benefits of the added boosting include: higher average current, better energy recovery during commutation and a wider feasible speed range. This paper will assess the implications of the boost feature on inverter cost and performance. A time-stepping simulation procedure which includes the modelling of current overlapping between phases will be presented together with simulation results.

Chan, S.; Omar, A.M. [Mara Inst. of Tech., Selangor (Malaysia). Dept. of Electrical Engineering

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "modified energy factor" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Identification of host cell factors required for intoxication through use of modified cholera toxin  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We describe a novel labeling strategy to site-specifically attach fluorophores, biotin, and proteins to the C terminus of the A1 subunit (CTA1) of cholera toxin (CTx) in an otherwise correctly assembled and active CTx ...

Guimaraes, Carla P.

342

Evaluating Indoor Air Quality (IAQ) as Modifying Factor in Designing Public School Buildings in Jordan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.D. Hind Al-Momani Department of Architecture Jordan University of Science and Technology Irbid-Jordan Hikmat_ali@yahoo.com Hikmat@just.edu.jo Phone....D. Hind Al-Momani Department of Architecture Jordan University of Science and Technology Irbid-Jordan Hikmat_ali@yahoo.com Hikmat@just.edu.jo Phone...

Ali, H. H.; Al-Momani, H.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

file://C:\Documents and Settings\bh5\My Documents\Energy Effici  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

b b Page Last Modified: May 2010 Table 2b. End Uses of Fuel Consumption (Primary 1 Energy) for Selected Industries, 1998, 2002, and 2006 (Trillion Btu) Note: The Btu conversion factors used for primary electricity are 10,197 Btu/KWh, 10,173 Btu/KWh, and 9,919 Btu/KWh for 1998, 2002, and 2006, respectively. Sources: Energy Information Administration, Form EIA-846, Manufacturing Energy Consumption Surveys, 1998, 2002, and 2006. and Monthly Energy Review November 2005, and September 2009 DOE/EIA-0035(2005, 2009),Table A6. MECS Survey Years NAICS Subsector and Industry 1998 2002 2006 311 Food 1,468 1,572 1,665 312 Beverage and Tobacco Products 156 156 166 313 Textile Mills 457 375 304 314 Textile Product Mills 85 94 110 315 Apparel 84 54 27 316 Leather and Allied Products 14

344

Parametric Analysis of the Factors Controlling the Costs of Sedimentar...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

* 1:1 * 2:1 PARAMETRIC ANALYSIS OF THE FACTORS CONTROLLING THE COSTS OF SEDIMENTARY GEOTHERMAL SYSTEMS - PRELIMINARY RESULTS Chad Augustine, National Renewable Energy Laboratory,...

345

Energy Blog | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

November 1, 2010 November 1, 2010 Time to Talk about Home Energy Assessments Again! Check out Energy Saver information on professional and do-it-yourself home energy audits. October 29, 2010 Geek-Up[10.29.2010]: The Halloween Special Find out what Ghostbusters do in their free time, why witches are trailblazers in clean energy transit and how you can identify and slay the energy vampires that may be lurking in your home. October 29, 2010 Simulation and High-Performance Computing Under Secretary for Science Steven Koonin is spearheading planning within the Department to develop the next generation of supercomputers over the next decade, which will be capable of exaflop-class performance (a factor of 1000 more powerful than today's most powerful computers). October 29, 2010 Working with the Private Sector to Achieve a Clean Energy Economy

346

electricity emission factors | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

emission factors emission factors Dataset Summary Description Emissions from energy use in buildings are usually estimated on an annual basis using annual average multipliers. Using annual numbers provides a reasonable estimation of emissions, but it provides no indication of the temporal nature of the emissions. Therefore, there is no way of understanding the impact on emissions from load shifting and peak shaving technologies such as thermal energy storage, on-site renewable energy, and demand control. Source NREL Date Released April 11th, 2011 (3 years ago) Date Updated April 11th, 2011 (3 years ago) Keywords buildings carbon dioxide emissions carbon footprinting CO2 commercial buildings electricity emission factors ERCOT hourly emission factors interconnect nitrogen oxides

347

CCAAT/enhancer binding protein gene promoter: binding of nuclear factors during differentiation of 3T3-L1 preadipocytes.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...gene promoter: binding of nuclear factors during differentiation...these differentially expressed nuclear factors. The factor present...that play a central role in energy metabolism, particularly in...the differentiation- induced nuclear factor that binds specifically...

R J Christy; K H Kaestner; D E Geiman; M D Lane

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

Auxiliary fields representation for modified gravity models  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We consider tensor-multiscalar representations for several types of modified gravity actions. The first example is the theory with the action representing an arbitrary smooth function of the scalar curvature R and {open_square}R, the integrand of the Gauss-Bonnet term and the square of the Weyl tensor. We present a simple procedure leading to an equivalent theory of a space-time metric and four auxiliary scalars and especially discuss the calibration of a cosmological constant and the condition of the existence of de Sitter-like solutions in the case of an empty universe. The condition for obtaining a smaller number of independent scalar fields is derived. The second example is the Eddington-like gravity action. In this case we show, in particular, the equivalence of the theory to general relativity with the cosmological constant term, with or without use of the first-order formalism, and also discuss some possible generalizations.

Rodrigues, Davi C.; Salles, Filipe de O; Shapiro, Ilya L.; Starobinsky, Alexei A. [Departamento de Fisica, CCE, Universidade Federal do Espirito Santo, 29075-910, Vitoria, ES (Brazil); Departamento de Fisica, ICE, Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora, 36036-330, MG (Brazil); Landau Institute for Theoretical Physics, Moscow, 119334 (Russian Federation); RESCEU, Graduate School of Science, University of Tokyo, Tokyo 113-0033 (Japan)

2011-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

349

Dynamical friction in modified Newtonian dynamics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We have tested a previous analytical estimate of the dynamical friction timescale in Modified Newtonian Dynamics (MOND) with fully non-linear N-body simulations. The simulations confirm that the dynamical friction timescale is significantly shorter in MOND than in equivalent Newtonian systems, i.e. systems with the same phase-space distribution of baryons and additional dark matter. An apparent conflict between this result and the long timescales determined for bars to slow and mergers to be completed in previous N-body simulations of MOND systems is explained. The confirmation of the short dynamical-friction timescale in MOND underlines the challenge that the Fornax dwarf spheroidal poses to the viability of MOND.

C. Nipoti; L. Ciotti; J. Binney; P. Londrillo

2008-02-08T23:59:59.000Z

350

Dark Energy, or Worse  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

General relativity is inconsistent with cosmological observations unless we invoke components of dark matter and dark energy that dominate the universe. While it seems likely that these exotic substances really do exist, the alternative is worth considering: that Einstein's general relativity breaks down on cosmological scales. I will discuss models of modified gravity, tests in the solar system and elsewhere, and consequences for cosmology.

Carroll, Sean (CalTech) [CalTech

2006-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

351

Dark Energy, or Worse  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

General relativity is inconsistent with cosmological observations unless we invoke components of dark matter and dark energy that dominate the universe. While it seems likely that these exotic substances really do exist, the alternative is worth considering: that Einstein's general relativity breaks down on cosmological scales. I will discuss models of modified gravity, tests in the solar system and elsewhere, and consequences for cosmology.

Professor Sean Carroll

2010-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

352

International Energy Outlook 2007  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

7 projections, end-use energy consumption depends on 7 projections, end-use energy consumption depends on resource endowment, economic growth, and other political, social, and demographic factors. One way of looking at the future of world energy mar- kets is to consider trends in energy consumption at the end-use sector level. With the exception of the transpor- tation sector, which is dominated by petroleum-based liquids products at present, the mix of energy use in the residential, commercial, and industrial sectors varies widely by region, depending on a combination of regional factors, such as the availability of energy resources, the level of economic development, and polit- ical, social, and demographic factors. This chapter out- lines IEO2007 reference case projections for delivered energy consumption by end-use sector in the OECD and non-OECD regions. Transportation Sector Energy use in the transportation

353

A modified version of the geomechanics classification for entry design in underground coal mines  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Geomechanics Classification was modified for entry and roof support design in underground room-and-pillar coal mines. Adjustment multipliers were introduced to incorporate the influence of strata weatherability, high horizontal stresses, and the roof support reinforcement factor into the existing classification system. Sixty-two case histories of both standing and fallen mine roof were collected from two mines in the northern Appalachian coalfield. Twenty-seven engineering and geologic parameters were recorded for each case. A partial correlation analysis was carried out on the cases to establish which parameters have a significant impact upon the supported stand-up time of coal mine roof. Survival analysis, a statistical technique used in medical research to assess the effect of a drug or treatment on a patient's life expectancy, was conducted together with stepwise multiple regression to derive values for the adjustment multipliers. A practical example is included to illustrate the application of the modified Geomechanics Classification to underground coal mine design.

Newman, D.A.; Bieniawski, Z.T.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

Generalized second law of thermodynamics in modified FRW cosmology with corrected entropy-area relation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Using the corrected entropy-area relation motivated by the loop quantum gravity, we investigate the validity of the generalized second law of thermodynamics in the framework of modified FRW cosmology. We consider a non-flat universe filled with an interacting viscous dark energy with dark matter and radiation. The boundary of the universe is assumed to be the dynamical apparent horizon. We find out that the generalized second law is always satisfied throughout the history of the universe for any spatial curvature regardless of the dark energy model.

K. Karami; A. Sheykhi; N. Sahraei; S. Ghaffari

2010-09-16T23:59:59.000Z

355

Dose factor entry and display tool for BNCT radiotherapy  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A system for use in Boron Neutron Capture Therapy (BNCT) radiotherapy planning where a biological distribution is calculated using a combination of conversion factors and a previously calculated physical distribution. Conversion factors are presented in a graphical spreadsheet so that a planner can easily view and modify the conversion factors. For radiotherapy in multi-component modalities, such as Fast-Neutron and BNCT, it is necessary to combine each conversion factor component to form an effective dose which is used in radiotherapy planning and evaluation. The Dose Factor Entry and Display System is designed to facilitate planner entry of appropriate conversion factors in a straightforward manner for each component. The effective isodose is then immediately computed and displayed over the appropriate background (e.g. digitized image).

Wessol, Daniel E. (Bozeman, MT); Wheeler, Floyd J. (Idaho Falls, ID); Cook, Jeremy L. (Greeley, CO)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Home - Energy Explained, Your Guide To Understanding Energy - Energy  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Explained Explained Energy Explained - Home What Is Energy? Forms of Energy Sources of Energy Laws of Energy Units and Calculators Energy Conversion Calculators British Thermal Units (Btu) Degree-Days U.S. Energy Facts State and U.S. Territory Data Use of Energy In Industry For Transportation In Homes In Commercial Buildings Efficiency and Conservation Energy and the Environment Greenhouse Gases Effect on the Climate Where Emissions Come From Outlook for Future Emissions Recycling and Energy Nonrenewable Sources Oil and Petroleum Products Refining Crude Oil Where Our Oil Comes From Imports and Exports Offshore Oil and Gas Use of Oil Prices and Outlook Oil and the Environment Gasoline Where Our Gasoline Comes From Use of Gasoline Prices and Outlook Factors Affecting Gasoline Prices Regional Price Differences

357

Energy Spectrum of Ultrahigh Energy Cosmic Rays with ExtraGalactic Origin  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy Spectrum of Ultra­high Energy Cosmic Rays with Extra­Galactic Origin Shigeru YOSHIDA for the propagation of ultra­high energy cosmic ray nucleons in the intergalactic space by a Monte­Carlo method. The resulting energy spectrum above 10 18 eV is modified by the interaction of nucleons with the micro wave

Yoshida, Shigeru

358

Non-Noether symmetries of the modified Boussinesq equations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We investigate a one-parameter non-Noether symmetry group of the modified Boussinesq equations and show that this symmetry naturally...

G. Chavchanidze

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

Further comparisons between the conventional and the modified Schwarzschild objectives  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The performance of the modified Schwarzschild objective configuration in comparison with the ordinary ... tolerances of the two configurations to lateral and mirrors’ axial misalignments. Also, the nonconcentric

S. Bollanti; P. Di Lazzaro; F. Flora; L. Mezi; D. Murra; A. Torre

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Generalized second law in the modified theory of gravity  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In the context of modified theory of gravity [f(R) gravity], we try to study the conditions needed for validity of the generalized second law.

Mohseni Sadjadi, H. [Department of Physics, University of Tehran, P.O. Box 14395-547, Tehran 14399-55961 (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

2007-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "modified energy factor" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Hydrogen Storage in Metal-Modified Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes Channing C. Ahn, John J. Vajoa  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hydrogen Storage in Metal-Modified Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes Channing C. Ahn, John J. Vajoa structure of single-walled nanotubes (SWNTs). The intercalation of SWNTs opens up the possibility of the rope structure. Our previous work on SWNTs has also shown that the cohesive energy responsible for rope

362

Surface Chemistry of CH3Br and Methyl Modified by Copper Deposition on Ru(001) T. Livneh and M. Asscher*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. They are observed at the step edges or adatoms that may alter adsorbate binding energy and generate new adsorption), the modified electronic structure was found to induce perturbations, which extend up to 50-100 Ã? away sites.20,21 Step ed

Asscher, Micha

363

Realized and Projected Impacts of U.S. Energy Efficiency Standards for Residential and Commercial Appliances  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

residential/commercial primary energy consumption and carbonthe savings in primary energy consumption using factors forsite energy to primary energy consumption. The model uses

Meyers, Stephen P.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Energy Balance Modulates Mouse Skin Tumor Promotion through Altered IGF-1R and EGFR Crosstalk  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...and growth factor starved for...Results Dietary energy balance effects...malignant conversion (see also...that dietary energy balance modulated...steady-state growth factor signaling...Berger NA.Energy balance, host-related factors, and cancer...

Tricia Moore; Linda Beltran; Steve Carbajal; Stephen D. Hursting; and John DiGiovanni

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Energy prices and the adoption of energy-saving technology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper investigates the link between factor prices, technology and factor demands. I estimate the effect of price-induced technology adoption on energy demand in the U.S. manufacturing sector, using plant data from the ...

Linn, Joshua

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Monthly energy review, November 1996  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Monthly Energy Review (MER) presents an overview of the Energy Information Administration`s recent monthly energy statistics. The statistics cover the major activities of US production, consumption, trade, stocks, and prices for petroleum, natural gas, coal, electricity, and nuclear energy. Also included are international energy and thermal and metric conversion factors. 75 tabs.

NONE

1996-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Structure Growth and the CMB in Modified Gravity (MOG)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An important piece of evidence for dark matter is the need to explain the growth of structure from the time of horizon entry and radiation-matter equality to the formation of stars and galaxies. This cannot be explained by using general relativity without dark matter. So far, dark matter particles have not been detected in laboratory measurements or at the LHC. We demonstrate that enhanced structure growth can happen in a modified gravity theory (MOG). The vector field and particle introduced in the theory to explain galaxy and cluster dynamics plays an important role in generating the required structure growth. The particle called the phion (a light hidden photon) is neutral and is a dominant, pressureless component in the MOG Friedmann equations, before the time of decoupling. The dominant energy density of the phion particle in the early universe, generates an explanation for the growth of density perturbations. The angular acoustical power spectrum due to baryon-photon pressure waves is in agreement with the Planck 2013 data. As the universe expands and large scale structures are formed, the density of baryons dominates and the rotation curves of galaxies and the dynamics of clusters are explained in MOG, when the phion particle in the present universe is ultra-light. The matter power spectrum determined by the theory is in agreement with current galaxy redshift surveys.

J. W. Moffat

2014-09-02T23:59:59.000Z

368

Modified magnetism within the coherence volume of superconducting FeSeTe  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Neutron Scattering is used to probe magnetic interactions as superconductivity develops in opti- mally doped Fe_(1+ )Se_xTe_(1 x). Applying the first moment sum-rule to comprehensive neutron scatter- ing data, we extract the change in magnetic exchange energy [J_(R-R ) S_R S_R ] in the superconducting state referenced to the normal state. Oscillatory changes are observed for Fe-Fe displacements | R| < , where = 1.3(1) nm is the superconducting coherence length. Dominated by a large reduction in the second nearest neighbor exchange energy (-1.2(2) meV/Fe), the overall reduction in magnetic interaction energy is Hmag = 0.31(9) meV/Fe. Comparison to the superconducting condensation energy E_sc = 0.013(1) meV/Fe, which we extract from specific heat data, suggests the modified magnetism we probe drives superconductivity in Fe_(1+ )Se_xTe_(1 x)

Leiner, Jonathan C [ORNL; Thampy, Vivek [ORNL; Christianson, Andrew D [ORNL; Abernathy, D. [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL); Stone, Matthew B [ORNL; Lumsden, Mark D [ORNL; Sales, Brian C [ORNL; Safa-Sefat, Athena [ORNL; Hu, Jin [Tulane University; Mao, Zhiqiang [Tulane University; Bao, Wei [Renmin University of China; Broholm, Collin L [ORNL

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Women in Construction Management: Identification of the Most Effective Factors in Attracting and Retaining Freshmen and Sophomore Level Students  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

School Advisors ....................................................... 15 Modifying Construction Management Programs ..................................................... 16 Hands- on Experience... Ads: Response Options vs. Number of Responses .............. 38 Figure 10 High School Advisor: Response Options vs. Number of Responses .............. 39 Figure 11 Other factors that Attract- Participants’ Suggestions...

Mathew, Minna

2014-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

370

Videos | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Energy 101: Energy Efficient Data Centers Energy 101: Energy Efficient Data Centers Energy 101: Daylighting Solar Smarter Faster Seven Traffic Signals in Two Minutes It Starts with Science... Demoing the Modified TALON Robot Retrofitting the Streetlights in Boise, Idaho Cutting Electricity Costs in Miami-Dade County, Florida How Energy Efficiency is Adding Jobs in St. Paul, Minnesota Charging Up in King County, Washington ARPA-E 2011 Keynote: Secretary Steven Chu Slides SlideShare. Present yourself. Upload Login or Signup Go Pro ARPA-E Energy Innovation Summit 2011 Keynote Presentation: Secretary Steven Chu ARPA-E 2011 Keynote: Dr. Arun Majumdar ARPA-E 2011 Keynote: Ray Mabus, Secretary of the Navy Electrofuels: More Efficient Than Photosynthesis Profiling 1366 Technologies: One Year Later How ARPA-e is "Winning the Future"

371

Penetration Factor for Nuclear Fusion Reaction in Nonthermal Astrophysical Plasmas  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......enhances the fusion penetration factor. In addition...nonthermal effect on the penetration factor is found to be...the fusion reaction rates of the - chain and the...effect on the fusion penetration factor decreases with...the energy generation rate (Choudhuri 2010) by......

Dai-Han Ki; Young-Dae Jung

2011-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

372

Geometric and Electronic Properties of Graphene Modified by “External” N-Containing Groups  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

By means of the first-principles spin polarized density functional theory (DFT) calculations, we investigated structures and electronic properties of “external” nitrogen-containing groups (pyridine derivatives) modified graphene via single or double bonding mode. This study of single-bond pyridine derivatives modified graphene (SBPG) shows that the ortho-carbon is the most favorable adsorption site for pyridine derivatives on graphene, as confirmed by bader charge analysis. The external stability of pyridine derivatives on graphene by [2+2] cycloaddition is caused by the match between frontier orbitals of pyridine derivatives and those of graphene, which leading to the formation of stronger chemical bonds. Interestingly, electronic structure analysis reveals that the spin-up and spin-down parts DOS of SBPG clearly split, while it is not found for double-bonds pyridine derivatives modified graphene (DBPG). This work was supported by the 973 project (2013CB733501) and the National Natural Science Foundation of China ( 21101137, 21136001, 21176221, 21306169 and 91334013). D. Mei is supported by the US Department of Energy, Office of Basic Energy Sciences, Division of Chemical Sciences, Geosciences & Biosciences. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) is a multiprogram national laboratory operated for DOE by Battelle.

Wang, Xinde; Cai, Qiuxia; Zhuang, Guilin; Zhong, Xing; Mei, Donghai; Li, Xiaonian; Wang, Jianguo

2014-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

373

Autonomous Vehicles Have a Wide Range of Possible Energy Impacts (Poster)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This poster presents initial estimates of the net energy impacts of automated vehicles (AVs). Automated vehicle technologies are increasingly recognized as having potential to decrease carbon dioxide emissions and petroleum consumption through mechanisms such as improved efficiency, better routing, lower traffic congestion, and by enabling advanced technologies. However, some effects of AVs could conceivably increase fuel consumption through possible effects such as longer distances traveled, increased use of transportation by underserved groups, and increased travel speeds. The net effect on petroleum use and climate change is still uncertain. To make an aggregate system estimate, we first collect best estimates for the energy impacts of approximately ten effects of AVs. We then use a modified Kaya Identity approach to estimate the range of aggregate effects and avoid double counting. We find that depending on numerous factors, there is a wide range of potential energy impacts. Adoption of automated personal or shared vehicles can lead to significant fuel savings but has potential for backfire.

Brown, A.; Repac, B.; Gonder, J.

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

RESEARCH ARTICLE Seed bank persistence of genetically modified canola  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

RESEARCH ARTICLE Seed bank persistence of genetically modified canola in California Douglas J-Verlag 2012 Abstract Introduction Canola, which is genetically modified (GM) for tolerance to glyphosate, has of glyphosate. Methods Volunteer from dormant canola seeds produced thousands of plants per hectare

California at Davis, University of

375

EXTENSION OF THE TRANSMISSION LINE THEORY APPLICATION WITH MODIFIED  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 EXTENSION OF THE TRANSMISSION LINE THEORY APPLICATION WITH MODIFIED ENHANCED PER introduces a modified enhanced transmission-line theory to account for higher-order modes while using a standard transmission line equation solver or equivalently a Baum, Liu and Tesche (BLT) equation solver

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

376

SURFACE CHARACTERIZATION OF CHEMICALLY MODIFIED WOOD: DYNAMIC WETTABILITY1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SURFACE CHARACTERIZATION OF CHEMICALLY MODIFIED WOOD: DYNAMIC WETTABILITY1 John Z. Lu* Postdoctoral-3015 [a maleated polypropylene (MAPP) copolymer with a high molecular weight]-treated wood surface the dynamic wettability of wood surfaces modified with different coupling agents. Keywords: Chemical

377

Wind Energy 101 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Energy 101 Energy 101 Jump to: navigation, search The 63-MW Dry Lake Wind Power Project in Arizona is the first utility-scale power project. The Salt River Project is purchasing 100% of the power from the Phase I of this project for the next 20 years. Photo from Iberdrola Renewables, NREL 16692 Wind is a form of solar energy and is a result of the uneven heating of the atmosphere by the sun, the irregularities of the earth's surface, and the rotation of the earth. Wind flow patterns and speeds vary greatly across the United States and are modified by bodies of water, vegetation, and differences in terrain. Humans use this wind flow, or motion energy, for many purposes: sailing, flying a kite, and even generating electricity.[1] The following links provide more information about wind energy basics.

378

Comparison of modified sulfur cement and hydraulic cement for encapsulation of radioactive and mixed wastes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The majority of solidification/stabilization systems for low-level radioactive waste (LLW) and mixed waste, both in the commercial sector and at Department of Energy (DOE) facilities, utilize hydraulic cement (such as portland cement) to encapsulate waste materials and yield a monolithic solid waste form for disposal. A new and innovative process utilizing modified sulfur cement developed by the US Bureau of Mines has been applied at Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) for the encapsulation of many of these problem'' wastes. Modified sulfur cement is a thermoplastic material, and as such, it can be heated above it's melting point (120{degree}C), combined with dry waste products to form a homogeneous mixture, and cooled to form a monolithic solid product. Under sponsorship of the DOE, research and development efforts at BNL have successfully applied the modified sulfur cement process for treatment of a range of LLWs including sodium sulfate salts, boric acid salts, and incinerator bottom ash and for mixed waste contaminated incinerator fly ash. Process development studies were conducted to determine optimal waste loadings for each waste type. Property evaluation studies were conducted to test waste form behavior under disposal conditions by applying relevant performance testing criteria established by the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (for LLW) and the Environmental Protection Agency (for hazardous wastes). Based on both processing and performance considerations, significantly greater waste loadings were achieved using modified sulfur cement when compared with hydraulic cement. Technology demonstration of the modified sulfur cement encapsulation system using production-scale equipment is scheduled for FY 1991. 12 refs., 8 figs., 3 tabs.

Kalb, P.D.; Heiser, J.H. III; Colombo, P.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Improving the efficiency and availability analysis of a modified reheat regenerative Rankine cycle  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Reheating in a reheat regenerative steam power cycle increases efficiency by increasing the average temperature of heat reception, but also increases the irreversibility of feed water heaters by raising the temperature of the superheated steam used for the regenerative process. This paper introduces some modifications to the regular reheat regenerative steam power cycle that reduce the irreversibility of the regenerative process. An availability analysis of the modified cycle and the regular reheat regenerative cycle as well as a comparison study between both cycles is done. The results indicate that a gain in energy efficiency of up to 2.5% as the steam generator pressure varies is obtained when applying such modifications at the same conditions of pressure, temperature's number of reheating stages, and feed water heaters. The availability analysis showed that such increase in efficiency is due to the reduction of the irreversibility of the regeneration process of the modified cycle.

Bassily, A.M.

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Dynamical System Analysis of Modified Chaplygin Gas in Einstein-Aether Gravity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this work we investigate the background dynamics when dark energy is coupled to dark matter with a suitable interaction in the universe described by Einstein-Aether gravity. Dark energy in the form of Modified Chaplygin gas is considered. A suitable interaction between dark energy and dark matter is considered in order to at least alleviate (if not solve) the cosmic coincidence problem. The dynamical system of equations is solved numerically and a stable scaling solution is obtained. A significant attempt towards the solution of the cosmic coincidence problem is taken. The statefinder parameters are also calculated to classify the dark energy models. Graphs and phase diagrams are drawn to study the variations of these parameters. It is also seen that the background dynamics of modified Chaplygin gas in Einstein-Aether gravity is completely consistent with the notion of an accelerated expansion in the late universe. Finally, it has been shown that the universe follows the power law form of expansion around the critical point.

Chayan Ranjit; Prabir Rudra; Sujata Kundu

2014-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "modified energy factor" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Microalgae cultivation in PBRs: experimental measurement of maintenance energy requirement as a function of light energy.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Most relevant factors influencing microalgal growth are light availability and utilization. The concept of maintenance energy is essential to understand the energy requirements for cell… (more)

Urbani, Silvia

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

State Energy Data System Price  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Appendix C provides metric and other physical conversion factors for measures used in energy analyses. Appendix D summarizes the changes in SEDS content made since the last...

383

Technology Reviews | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

a distributed energy (DE) technology for a specific application depends on many factors. Considerations include the amount of power needed, the duty cycle, space...

384

Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs Guidelines to Defra's Greenhouse Gas Conversion Factors for  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Factors for Company Reporting June 2008 What are Greenhouse Gas Conversion Factors? These conversion of activities, including energy use and transport activities Who should use these factors? These factors by organisations or individuals overseas as the conversion factors are specific to the UK. What should I use

385

Buying an Energy-Efficient Electric Motor | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Buying an Energy-Efficient Electric Motor Buying an Energy-Efficient Electric Motor Efficiency is an important factor to consider when buying or rewinding an electric motor. This...

386

Operational water consumption and withdrawal factors for electricity  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

4047 4047 Varnish cache server Browse Upload data GDR 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load) Throttled (bot load) Guru Meditation: XID: 2142254047 Varnish cache server Operational water consumption and withdrawal factors for electricity generating technologies Dataset Summary Description This dataset is from the report Operational water consumption and withdrawal factors for electricity generating technologies: a review of existing literature (J. Macknick, R. Newmark, G. Heath and K.C. Hallett) and provides estimates of operational water withdrawal and water consumption factors for electricity generating technologies in the United States. Estimates of water factors were collected from published primary literature and were not modified except for unit conversions. The water factors presented may be useful in modeling and policy analyses where reliable power plant level data are not available.

387

Geothermal News | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Administration (EIA). The Reference case focuses on the factors that shape U.S. energy markets, and projects that the use of renewable energy in the United States as a...

388

Beaches Energy Services | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Beaches Energy Services Beaches Energy Services Jump to: navigation, search Name Beaches Energy Services Place Florida Utility Id 9616 Utility Location Yes Ownership M NERC Location FRCC NERC FRCC Yes Activity Transmission Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png General Service Commercial General Service Demand - 60%-64% Load Factor Commercial General Service Demand - Load Factor 60%-64% - Photovoltaic customers Commercial General Service Demand - Load Factor 65%-69% Commercial General Service Demand - Load Factor 65%-69% - Photovoltaic customers

389

Non-Hermitian ${\\cal PT}$-Symmetric Dirac-Pauli Hamiltonians with Real Energy Eigenvalues in the Magnetic Field  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The modified Dirac-Pauli equations, which is entered by means of ${\\gamma_5}$-mass extension of Hamiltonian operators, are considered. We also take into account the interaction of fermions with the intensive homogenous magnetic field focusing attention on (g-2) gyromagnetic factor of particles with spin $1/2$. Without the use of perturbation theory in the external field the exact energy spectra are deduced with regard to spin effects of fermions. We discuss the possible proposals of experimental measuring of properties of new particles which arising in this model.

V. N. Rodionov

2014-09-18T23:59:59.000Z

390

Federal Energy Management Program: Resources on Implementing Energy Savings  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Implementing Energy Savings Performance Contracts Implementing Energy Savings Performance Contracts Many resources are available to help Federal agencies implement energy savings performance contracts (ESPCs). Indefinite Delivery, Indefinite Quantity Energy Savings Performance Contracts Provides an introduction to Indefinite Delivery, Indefinite Quantity (IDIQ) ESPCs. ESPC IDIQ Contract (Modified January 2013) ESPC IDIQ Contract Modifications (Modifications below are those under the current ESPC IDIQ contract that are applicable to all energy service companies (ESCOs): ESCO specific modifications are not included below. Note that effective dates of modifications may vary slightly.) Modification 001 Modification 002 Modification 003 Modification 004 Modification 005 Modification 006 Guidance and Frequently Asked Questions

391

Thermal imaging investigation of modified fused silica at surface damage sites for understanding the underlying mechanisms of damage growth  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We use an infrared thermal imaging system in combination with a fluorescence microscope to map the dynamics of the local surface temperature and fluorescence intensity under cw, UV excitation of laser-modified fused silica within a damage site. Based on a thermal diffusion model, we estimate the energy deposited via linear absorption mechanisms and derive the linear absorption coefficient of the modified material. The results indicate that the damage growth mechanism is not entirely based on linear absorption. Specifically, the absorption cross-section derived above would prove insufficient to cause a significant increase in the temperature of the modified material under nanosecond, pulsed excitation (via linear absorption at ICF laser fluences). In addition, irreversible changes in the absorption cross-section following extended cw, UV laser exposure were observed.

Negres, R A; Burke, M W; DeMange, P; Sutton, S B; Feit, M D; Demos, S G

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

The Douglas Factors  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Douglas Factors Douglas Factors The Merit Systems Protection Board in its landmark decision, Douglas vs. Veterans Administration, 5 MSPR 280, established criteria that supervisors must consider in determining an appropriate penalty to impose for an act of employee misconduct. These twelve factors are commonly referred to as "Douglas Factors: (1) The nature and seriousness of the offense, and its relation to the employee's duties, position, and responsibilities, including whether the offense was intentional or technical or inadvertent, or was committed maliciously or for gain, or was frequently repeated; (2) the employee's job level and type of employment, including supervisory or fiduciary role,

393

Meson electromagnetic form factors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The electromagnetic structure of the pseudoscalar meson nonet is completely described by the sophisticated Unitary&Analytic model, respecting all known theoretical properties of the corresponding form factors.

Stanislav Dubnicka; Anna Z. Dubnickova

2012-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

394

Overview of the Electrical Energy Segment of the Energy Information Administration/ Manufacturing Consumption Report  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, liquefied petroleum gas, coke and breeze, coal, and electricity, only the electricity segment is overviewed. Along with pure electrical energy consumption information, newly available data covers methods that manufacturers used to purchase and modify...

Lockhead, S.

395

Energy Restriction Reduces the Number of Advanced Aberrant Crypt Foci and Attenuates the Expression of Colonic Transforming Growth Factor ? and Cyclooxygenase Isoforms in Zucker Obese (fa/fa) Rats  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...AOM, azoxymethane; ER, energy restriction; TGF, transforming...Cellufil 5.00 6.00 Mineral mix (AIN-93G) 3.50 4.20 Vitamin mix (AIN-93-VX) 1.00 1...contributes to 4 kcal/g or 11.7% energy as fat. Table 2 Body weight...

Jayadev Raju and Ranjana P. Bird

2003-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

396

Energy production from corn  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Several physical and chemical factors limit the production of biofuels, such as the complex process required for the conversion of plant biomass into ethanol. For example, fossil energy inputs needed for the prod...

Jessica Zhang; Sarah Palmer; David Pimentel

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Photoelectrochemical solar energy conversion  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the present paper the progress in the field of solar energy conversion for the production of electricity and storable ... critically analyzed in view of their stability and conversion efficiency. A number of factors

Rüdiger Memming

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Modelling shellfish growth with dynamic energy budget models: an application for cockles and mussels in the Oosterschelde (southwest Netherlands)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...WW is the conversion factor from wet weight...and is the energy content of...on various conversion factors, that convert energy into ash-free...Weight-to-weight conversion factors for marine...Applying dynamic energy budget (DEB...

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

Palatini formulation of the $R^{-1}$modified gravity with an additionally squared scalar curvature term  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper by deriving the Modified Friedmann equation in the Palatini formulation of $R^2$ gravity, first we discuss the problem of whether in Palatini formulation an additional $R^2$ term in Einstein's General Relativity action can drive an inflation. We show that the Palatini formulation of $R^2$ gravity cannot lead to the gravity-driven inflation as in the metric formalism. If considering no zero radiation and matter energy densities, we obtain that only under rather restrictive assumption about the radiation and matter energy densities there will be a mild power-law inflation $a(t)\\sim t^2$, which is obviously different from the original vacuum energy-like driven inflation. Then we demonstrate that in the Palatini formulation of a more generally modified gravity, i.e., the $1/R+R^2$ model that intends to explain both the current cosmic acceleration and early time inflation, accelerating cosmic expansion achieved at late Universe evolution times under the model parameters satisfying $\\alpha\\ll\\beta$.

Meng, X H; Meng, Xin He; Wang, Peng

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Computing nonnegative tensor factorizations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Oct 19, 2006 ... Keywords N-dimensional arrays, tensors, nonnegative tensor factorization, alternating ..... for each A(n)) are standard nonnegative linear least-squares problems over the vector ..... interface (lsNTF) implements the nonnegative tensor factorization for N = 3 and relies on .... and inaccurate measurements.

2006-10-18T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "modified energy factor" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Monthly energy review, July 1996  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document presents an overview of the recent monthly energy statistics from the Energy Information Administration (EIA). Statistical data covers activities of U.S. production, consumption, trade, stocks, and prices for fossil fuels , nuclear energy, and electricity. Also included are international energy and thermal and metric conversion factors.

NONE

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

Monthly Energy Review, February 1996  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This monthly publication presents an overview of EIA`s recent monthly energy statistics, covering the major activities of U.S. production, consumption, trade, stocks, and prices for petroleum, natural gas, coal, electricity, and nuclear energy. Also included are international energy and thermal and metric conversion factors. Two brief descriptions (`energy plugs`) on two EIA publications are presented at the start.

NONE

1996-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

403

A modified variational approach to scattering  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to the formulation names. By using the variational condition put forth in Eq. (3. 12), we obtain -i ~ = j(l. )~)-Z' p gz J E E. -kz (~~10~)+Z(A+8) (3. 42) r ~ (+I~I61 &4;ILt )(4;lLI ) As stated earlier, this g is related to P through Eq. (3. 9). Com- k bining... that where Wg mr P (rj= ZrZ e (2. 9) in the units Eq. (2. 2). The Schrddinger wave equation for the system, H% = EW, then becomes ? '7- ? ?, +, -, ]I ? E'i t 22 s Ig, Iq &g! where E is the total energy of the system. This may be written [fl+H+ tj~p~](1...

Parnell, Gregory Elliott

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

404

Energy Information Administration--Energy and Greenhouse Gas Analysis  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

and Greenhouse Gas Analysis and Greenhouse Gas Analysis Energy and Greenhouse Gas Analysis Posted Date: October 1999 Page Last Modified: August 2007 This section contains analysis covering all sectors of the United States and issues related to the energy use, energy efficiency, and carbon emission indicators. New analysis will be added to the web site as they become available. All Sectors / Residential / Commercial / Manufacturing / Transportation All Sectors United States Energy Usage and Efficiency: Measuring Changes Over Time, increasing emphasis has been placed on energy efficiency as a vital component of the United States' energy strategy. This was evident with the passing of the Energy Policy Act of 1992 (EPACT) [1]. EPACT promotes energy-efficiency programs such as building energy-efficiency standards,

405

Modified Accelerated Cost-Recovery System (MACRS) + Bonus Depreciation  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Modified Accelerated Cost-Recovery System (MACRS) + Bonus Modified Accelerated Cost-Recovery System (MACRS) + Bonus Depreciation (2008-2012) Modified Accelerated Cost-Recovery System (MACRS) + Bonus Depreciation (2008-2012) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Industrial Savings Category Bioenergy Commercial Heating & Cooling Manufacturing Buying & Making Electricity Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Wind Water Solar Heating & Cooling Heating Water Heating Program Info Start Date 1986 Program Type Corporate Depreciation Provider U.S. Internal Revenue Service Under the federal Modified Accelerated Cost-Recovery System (MACRS), businesses may recover investments in certain property through depreciation deductions. The MACRS establishes a set of class lives for various types of property, ranging from three to 50 years, over which the property may be

406

Amperometric Biosensors Based on Carbon Paste Electrodes Modified...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Modified with Nanostructured Mixed-valence Manganese Oxides and Glucose Oxidase."Nanomedicine 1(2):130-135. Authors: X Cui G Liu Y Lin Capabilities: Spectroscopy and Diffraction...

407

Impact fracture behavior of model system modified polypropylene  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The morphology and impact properties of polypropylene copolymer blends modified with talc and/or ethylene-propylene (EPR) or ethylene-octene (EOR) rubber were studied. Izod impact, instrumented Charpy impact, and high speed single...

Estrada, Albert Jesse

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

408

Modifying Nanotubes Chemistry and Electronics of Carbon Nanotubes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Modifying Nanotubes Chemistry and Electronics of Carbon Nanotubes Go Together Ernesto Joselevich* Keywords: chemical reactivity · electronic structure · molecular electronics · nanotechnology · nanotubes yield mixtures of metallic and semi- conducting nanotubes, extensive re- search has been devoted

Joselevich, Ernesto

409

LARYNGEAL ADJUSTMENTS IN STUTTERING: MODIFIED REACTION PARhDIGM*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LARYNGEAL ADJUSTMENTS IN STUTTERING: MODIFIED REACTION PARhDIGM* Hirohide Yoshioka+ and Anders UHqvist++ A GLOTTOGRAPHIC OBSERVATION USING A Abstract. An experimental paradigm for studying stuttering and dysfluent utterances. These findings suggest that stuttering is linked to a temporal disruption

410

Testing and Comparing the Modified Anomalous Diffraction Approximation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The modified anomalous diffraction approximation (MADA) is used to predict absorption and extinction in water and ice clouds, but it does not predict the scattering phase function or asymmetry parameter g. In conjunction with g parameterizations, ...

David L. Mitchell; Anthony J. Baran; W. P. Arnott; C. Schmitt

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

TR-031 Ecology March 2004 A modified timber cruise  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

TR-031 Ecology March 2004 A modified timber cruise for the inventory of dead wood in Coastal-751-7001 Research Disciplines: Ecology ~ Geology ~ Geomorphology ~ Hydrology ~ Pedology ~ Silviculture ~ Wildlife 2004 Research Section, Coast Forest Region, BCMOF Research Disciplines: Ecology ~ Geology

412

The transatlantic rift in genetically modified food policy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The regulatory structures underlying United States and European Union policies regarding genetically modified (GM) food and crops are fundamentally different. The US regulates GM foods and crops as end product...

Celina Ramjoué

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

Minor Actinide Transmutation Potential of Modified PROMETHEUS Fusion Reactor  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study presents the investigation of the burning and/or transmutation (B/T) of minor actinides (MAs) in the modified PROMETHEUS-H fusion reactor. The calculations were performed for an operation...2.... In or...

Hüseyin Yap??c??; Gamze Genç; Nesrin Demir; Bilge Çeper

2004-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

Energy Efficient Motors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.. " ENERGY EFFICIENT MOTORS W. R. Hoffmeyer General Electric Company Fort Wayne, Indiana ABSTRACT Efficiency is only one aspect of motor per formance. This paper discusses how efficiency is influenced by such factors as horsepower rating... and in cost~ saVings, especially if the power company imposes a penalty for low power factor. Increasing efficiency has a direct effect on operating cost. Increasing power factor has only an indirect and less profound effect. This was recognized by ASHRAE...

Hoffmeyer, W.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

Solar System experiments do not yet veto modified gravity models  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The dynamical equivalence between modified and scalar-tensor gravity theories is revisited and it is concluded that it breaks down in the limit to general relativity. A gauge-independent analysis of cosmological perturbations in both classes of theories lends independent support to this conclusion. As a consequence, the PPN formalism of scalar-tensor gravity and Solar System experiments do not veto modified gravity, as previously thought.

Valerio Faraoni

2006-07-05T23:59:59.000Z

416

Studies on a small modified plasma focus opening switch  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The small plasma focus device UNU/ICTP PFF has been modified to test its operation as an opening switch with a plasma filled diode as the load. Recent experiment results on this modified plasma focus opening switch (MPFOS) showing long conduction opening action have been reported [1 2 3]. In this paper a series of experiments to characterize the ion beams produced will be reported.

W. S. Leong; C. S. Wong; P. Choi; S. P. Moo

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

Opportunities for Energy Efficiency and Open Automated Demand Response in Wastewater Treatment Facilities in California -- Phase I Report  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

produce the greatest energy and demand savings. Aeration andand C.Y. Chang (2005). "Energy Demand in Sludge Dewatering."be modified to reduce energy demand during demand response

Lekov, Alex

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

Factors Affecting PMU Installation Costs (October 2014)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Department of Energy investigated the major cost factors that affected PMU installation costs for the synchrophasor projects funded through the Recovery Act Smart Grid Programs. The data was compiled through interviews with the nine projects that deployed production grade synchrophasor systems.

419

Successful Energy Policy Interventions in Africa | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Successful Energy Policy Interventions in Africa Successful Energy Policy Interventions in Africa Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Successful Energy Policy Interventions in Africa Agency/Company /Organization: GTZ Partner: Energy, Environment and Development Network for Africa Sector: Energy Focus Area: Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy Topics: Policies/deployment programs Website: www.gtz.de/de/dokumente/en-successful-policy-interventions-2007.pdf References: Successful Energy Policy Interventions in Africa[1] "The objective of this study was to document selected successful energy interventions and initiatives in Africa for possible replication and at the same time identify factors and frame- work conditions that lead to success of the selected initiatives." References

420

International Energy Outlook 2006  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

6 projections, end-use energy consumption in the 6 projections, end-use energy consumption in the residential, commercial, industrial, and transportation sectors varies widely among regions and from country to country. One way of looking at the future of world energy mar- kets is to consider trends in energy consumption at the end-use sector level. With the exception of the transpor- tation sector, which is almost universally dominated by petroleum products at present, the mix of energy use in the residential, commercial, and industrial sectors varies widely by region, depending on a combination of regional factors, such as the availability of energy resources, the level of economic development, and polit- ical, social, and demographic factors. This chapter out- lines the IEO2006 projections for delivered energy consumption by end-use sector in the OECD and non- OECD regions. Residential Sector

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "modified energy factor" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Indiana Energy Energy Challenges  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Indiana Energy Conference Energy Challenges And Opportunities November 5, 2013 ­ 9:00 a.m. ­ 5:00 p spectrum of business sectors including: Energy Community Manufacturing Policymakers Finance Engineering of Energy & Water: A Well of Opportunity Our water and energy systems are inextricably linked. Energy

Ginzel, Matthew

422

Matter & Energy Wind Energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

See Also: Matter & Energy Wind Energy Energy Technology Physics Nuclear Energy Petroleum 27, 2012) -- Energy flowing from large-scale to small-scale places may be prevented from flowing, indicating that there are energy flows from large to small scale in confined space. Indeed, under a specific

Shepelyansky, Dima

423

Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.S. Energy Consumption U.S. Primary Energy Consumption by Source and Sector Share of Energy Consumed byEnergy Efficiency & Renewable Energy 2010 Fuel Cell Project Kick-off Dr. Dimitrios Papageorgopoulos Fuel Cells Team Leader U.S. Department of Energy gy Fuel Cell Technologies Program September 28

424

Stress intensity factors for small fatigue cracks in tubular joints  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Some simple fracture mechanics models are presented for estimating stress intensity factors for small surface fatigue cracks in welded tubular joints. Model predictions are compared with large-scale experimental results for the cases of in-plane and out-of-plane bending in multi-brace tubular nodes. It is demonstrated that reasonably accurate predictions of the stress intensity factor are possible using a modified flat plate solution if the effects of weld geometry, load shedding and crack shape are adequately accounted for.

Monahan, C.C. [Memorial Univ. of Newfoundland, St. Johns, Newfoundland (Canada). Centre for Cold Ocean Resources Engineering; Dover, W.D. [University College, London (United Kingdom)

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

425

Multiobjective optimization with a modified simulated annealing algorithm for external beam radiotherapy treatment planning  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Inverse planning in external beam radiotherapy often requires a scalar objective function that incorporates importance factors to mimic the planner's preferences between conflicting objectives. Defining those importance factors is not straightforward, and frequently leads to an iterative process in which the importance factors become variables of the optimization problem. In order to avoid this drawback of inverse planning, optimization using algorithms more suited to multiobjective optimization, such as evolutionary algorithms, has been suggested. However, much inverse planning software, including one based on simulated annealing developed at our institution, does not include multiobjective-oriented algorithms. This work investigates the performance of a modified simulated annealing algorithm used to drive aperture-based intensity-modulated radiotherapy inverse planning software in a multiobjective optimization framework. For a few test cases involving gastric cancer patients, the use of this new algorithm leads to an increase in optimization speed of a little more than a factor of 2 over a conventional simulated annealing algorithm, while giving a close approximation of the solutions produced by a standard simulated annealing. A simple graphical user interface designed to facilitate the decision-making process that follows an optimization is also presented.

Aubry, Jean-Francois; Beaulieu, Frederic; Sevigny, Caroline; Beaulieu, Luc; Tremblay, Daniel [Departement de Radio-Oncologie et Centre de Recherche en Cancerologie, CHUQ Pavillon L'Hotel-Dieu de Quebec, 11 Cote du Palais, Quebec, Quebec, Canada, G1R 2J6 and Departement de Physique, de Genie Physique et d'Optique, Universite Laval, Quebec, Quebec, G1K 7P4 (Canada); Departement de Radio-Oncologie et Centre de Recherche en Cancerologie, CHUQ Pavillon L'Hotel-Dieu de Quebec, 11 Cote du Palais, Quebec, Quebec, G1R 2J6 (Canada); Departement de Radio-Oncologie et Centre de Recherche en Cancerologie, CHUQ Pavillon L'Hotel-Dieu de Quebec, 11 Cote du Palais, Quebec, Quebec, G1R 2J6 (Canada) and Departement de Physique, de Genie Physique et d'Optique, Universite Laval, Quebec, Quebec, G1K 7P4 (Canada)

2006-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

426

Immunochemical Studies of DNA Modified by cis-Dichlorodiammineplatinum(II) in Vivo and in Vitro  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...not formed in several modified synthetic DNA's and RNA's. At least two...not formed in several modified synthetic DNA's and RNA's. At least two...not formed in several modified synthetic DNA's and RNA's. At least two...

Bernard Malfoy; Brigitte Hartmann; Jean-Pierre Macquet; Marc Leng

1981-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

K+-nucleus elastic scattering at intermediate energies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Using the Coulomb modified Glauber model, we analyze the elastic angular distribution and reaction (?R) and total (?tot) cross sections of K+-12C at 635, 715, and 800 MeV/c, and of K+-40Ca at 800 MeV/c. The basic (input) K+N amplitude is taken from the phase shift analysis, and for nuclear form factors we use the nucleon density distributions as obtained from the analyses of intermediate energy proton scattering experiments and the relativistic mean field (RMF) calculations. The analysis also considers the nuclear medium effects, and predicts the in-medium behavior of the K+N amplitude. We find that the elastic angular distribution is sensitive to the choice of the nucleon density distributions, whereas the nuclear medium effects are better seen in the study of reaction and total cross sections.

Deeksha Chauhan and Z. A. Khan

2012-06-13T23:59:59.000Z

428

Energy Conservation and Pomeron Loops in High Energy Evolution  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a formalism which modifies the Mueller Dipole Model such that it incorporates energy-momentum conservation and also important colour suppressed effects. We implement our formalism in a Monte Carlo simulation and compare the results to inclusive data from HERA and the Tevatron, where we see that there is a good agreement between the data and our model.

Emil Avsar

2006-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

429

Energy 101 | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Energy Literacy Energy 101 Energy 101 What is the Energy 101 Initiative? The Energy 101 Dialogue Series: Dialogue 1: Energy in the Classroom Webinar Slides Increasing...

430

Modifying gravity: you cannot always get what you want  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...dark matter and dark energy. Each of these...dark matter|dark energy| 1. Introduction...sloan digital sky survey-II supernova results...Conf. in High Energy Physics (ICHEP08...2009Improved dark energy constraints...

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

Two-Factor Authentication  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Two-Factor Authentication (2FA) is a system wherein two different methods are used to authenticate an individual. 2FA is based on something you know (a secret PIN) and something you have (an...

432

Chemical modification of simul wood with styrene–acrylonitrile copolymer and organically modified nanoclay  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Simul wood (Salmalia malabarica...) was chemically modified by treatment with styrene–acrylonitrile copolymer (SAN), glycidyl methacrylate (GMA), and organically modified nanoclay. The physical properties of wood...

R. R. Devi; T. K. Maji

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

EIS-0407: Amended Notice of Intent to Modify the Scope of the...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Amended Notice of Intent to Modify the Scope of the Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0407: Amended Notice of Intent to Modify the Scope of the Environmental Impact Statement...

434

Municipal Energy Plan Program (Ontario, Canada) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Municipal Energy Plan Program (Ontario, Canada) Municipal Energy Plan Program (Ontario, Canada) No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Last modified on August 29, 2013. EZFeed Policy Place Ontario Applies to States or Provinces Ontario Name Municipal Energy Plan Program (Ontario, Canada) Policy Category Financial Incentive Policy Type Grant Program Affected Technologies Biomass/Biogas, Concentrating Solar Power, Energy Storage, Fuel Cells, Geothermal Electric, Hydroelectric, Hydroelectric (Small), Solar Photovoltaics, Tidal Energy, Wave Energy, Wind energy Active Policy Yes Implementing Sector State/Province Amount 50 percent of eligible costs Expiration Date 11/29/2013 Maximum Incentive 90,000 Program Administrator Ontario Ministry of Energy

435

FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY COMMISSION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY COMMISSION WASHINGTON, D.C. 20426 NEWS RELEASE NEWS MEDIA CONTACT POWER MARKETS The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission today ordered its staff to conduct investigators will find out if any technical or operational factors, federal or state regulatory prohibitions

Laughlin, Robert B.

436

Type Ia supernovae selection and forecast of cosmology constraints for the Dark Energy Survey  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We present the results of a study of selection criteria to identify Type Ia supernovae photometrically in a simulated mixed sample of Type Ia supernovae and core collapse supernovae. The simulated sample is a mockup of the expected results of the Dark Energy Survey. Fits to the \\{MLCS2k2\\} and SALT2 Type Ia supernova models are compared and used to help separate the Type Ia supernovae from the core collapse sample. The Dark Energy Task Force Figure of Merit (modified to include core collapse supernovae systematics) is used to discriminate among the various selection criteria. This study of varying selection cuts for Type Ia supernova candidates is the first to evaluate core collapse contamination using the Figure of Merit. Different factors that contribute to the Figure of Merit are detailed. With our analysis methods, both SALT2 and \\{MLCS2k2\\} Figures of Merit improve with tighter selection cuts and higher purities, peaking at 98% purity.

Eda Gjergo; Jefferson Duggan; John D. Cunningham; Steve Kuhlmann; Rahul Biswas; Eve Kovacs; Joseph P. Bernstein; Harold Spinka

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

Energy & Society Toolkit Appendices Toolkit Appendices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Table of Contents 1. Orders of Magnitude 3 2. Units and Conversion Factors 4 2.1. Distance 4 2.2. Area 4.3. Renewable Energy Resources 11 5.4. Emissions Factors 11 6. References 15 #12;Energy & Society Toolkit Toolkit Appendices 4 2. UNITS AND CONVERSION FACTORS 2.1. Distance 1 meter (m) = 3.281 feet (ft) = 39

Kammen, Daniel M.

438

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 - Energy Information Administration  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 Annual Energy Outlook 2012 Release Date: June 25, 2012 | Next Early Release Date: December 5, 2012 | Report Number: DOE/EIA-0383(2012) Overview Data Reference Case Side Cases Interactive Table Viewer Topics Source Oil/Liquids Natural Gas Coal Electricity Renewable/Alternative Nuclear Sector Residential Commercial Industrial Transportation Energy Demand Other Emissions Prices Macroeconomic International Efficiency Publication Chapter Executive Summary Market Trends Issues in Focus Legislation & Regulations Comparison Appendices Annual Energy Outlook 2012 presents yearly projections and analysis of energy topics Download the complete June 2012 published report. Executive summary The projections in the U.S. Energy Information Administration's (EIA's) Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (AEO2012) focus on the factors that shape the

439

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 - Energy Information Administration  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 Annual Energy Outlook 2013 Release Dates: April 15 - May 2, 2013 | Next Early Release Date: December 2013 (See release cycle changes) | correction | full report Overview Data Reference Case Side Cases Interactive Table Viewer Topics Source Oil/Liquids Natural Gas Coal Electricity Renewable/Alternative Nuclear Sector Residential Commercial Industrial Transportation Energy Demand Other Emissions Prices Macroeconomic International Efficiency Publication Chapter Market Trends Issues in Focus Legislation & Regulations Comparison Appendices Annual Energy Outlook 2013 presents yearly projections and analysis of energy topics Download the full report. The projections in the U.S. Energy Information Administration's (EIA's) Annual Energy Outlook 2013 (AEO2013) focus on the factors that shape the

440

Monthly Energy Review The Monthly Energy Review  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

natural gas, natural gas, coal, electricity, and nuclear energy. Also included are international energy and thermal and metric conversion factors. Publication of this report is in keeping with responsibilities given to the Energy Information Administration (EIA) in Public Law 95-91 (Department of Energy Organization Act), which states, in part, in Section 205(a)(2) that: The MER is intended for use by Members of Congress, Federal and State agencies, energy analysts, and the general public. EIA welcomes suggestions from readers regarding data series in the MER and in other EIA publications. Related Publication: Readers of the MER may also be interested in EIA's Annual Energy Review, where many of the same data series are provided annually beginning with 1949. Contact our National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800 for more information. Timing of Release: MER data

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "modified energy factor" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 - Energy Information Administration  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 Annual Energy Outlook 2013 Release Dates: April 15 - May 2, 2013 | Next Early Release Date: December 2013 (See release cycle changes) | correction | full report Overview Data Reference Case Side Cases Interactive Table Viewer Topics Source Oil/Liquids Natural Gas Coal Electricity Renewable/Alternative Nuclear Sector Residential Commercial Industrial Transportation Energy Demand Other Emissions Prices Macroeconomic International Efficiency Publication Chapter Market Trends Issues in Focus Legislation & Regulations Comparison Appendices Annual Energy Outlook 2013 presents yearly projections and analysis of energy topics Download the full report. The projections in the U.S. Energy Information Administration's (EIA's) Annual Energy Outlook 2013 (AEO2013) focus on the factors that shape the

442

New Energy Ventures (Kentucky) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ventures (Kentucky) Ventures (Kentucky) No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Last modified on August 29, 2013. EZFeed Policy Place Kentucky Applies to States or Provinces Kentucky Name New Energy Ventures (Kentucky) Policy Category Financial Incentive Policy Type Equity Investment, Grant Program Affected Technologies Biomass/Biogas, Coal with CCS, Concentrating Solar Power, Energy Storage, Fuel Cells, Hydroelectric, Hydroelectric (Small), Natural Gas, Solar Photovoltaics, Wind energy Active Policy Yes Implementing Sector State/Province Primary Website http://startups.kstc.com/index.php/funding-opportunities/kef-funds Information Source http://startups.kstc.com/images/resource_docs/knev%20guidelines%20revision%2020121112.pdf

443

Corrosion inhibitors based on chitosan-heptanoate modified beidellite  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study deals with the development of a novel inhibitor based on heptanoate anions encapsulated within chitosan-modified beidellite. Included in coating, this inhibitor ensured efficient protection of metals against wet corrosion via permanent controllable release of the heptanoate inhibitor. The interlayer Na+ ions of beidellite from Agadir basin (Morocco) were exchanged with chitosan cations. The modified beidellite was studied by diffuse reflectance infrared Fourier transform spectroscopy (DRIFTS), thermogravimetry (TG) analysis coupled to mass spectrometry (MS) and, X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis. The expansion of the interlayer space of beidellite by ? 1.16 nm, evidenced by XRD, was consistent with the arrangement of chitosan bilayer. Exceeding positively charged sites of the biopolymer were compensated by heptanoate anions. Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) measurements were carried out on galvanized steel immersed in a 3 mass% NaCl solution. The measurements revealed improvement of corrosion inhibition by chitosan-heptanoate modified beidellite in comparison with commercially available triphosphate aluminium (TPA) anti corrosion pigments. The improved corrosion inhibition was due to the continuous leaching of hepatanoate anions as inhibitors. However, the barrier properties of coatings containing chitosan-heptanoate modified beidellite were not as high as those of TPA-based coatings, probably due to insufficient dispersion of the modified beidellite particles within the polymeric matrix.

Ahmed Aït Aghzzaf; Benaissa Rhouta; Jean Steinmetz; Emmanuel Rocca; Lionel Aranda; Aziza Khalil; Jacques Yvon; Lahcen Daoudi

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Matter & Energy Solar Energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

See Also: Matter & Energy Solar Energy· Electronics· Materials Science· Earth & Climate Energy and the Environment · Renewable Energy· Environmental Science · Reference Chemical compound· Semiconductor· Gallium at the University of Illinois, the future of solar energy just got brighter. Although silicon is the industry

Rogers, John A.

445

Evaluation of a Modified Scheme for Shallow Convection: Implementation of CuP and Case Studies  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A new treatment for shallow clouds has been introduced into the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model. The new scheme, called the cumulus potential (CuP) scheme, replaces the ad-hoc trigger function used in the Kain-Fritsch cumulus parameterization with a trigger function related to the distribution of temperature and humidity in the convective boundary layer via probability density functions (PDFs). An additional modification to the default version of WRF is the computation of a cumulus cloud fraction based on the time scales relevant for shallow cumuli. Results from three case studies over the U.S. Department of Energy’s Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) site in north central Oklahoma are presented. These days were selected because of the presence of shallow cumuli over the ARM site. The modified version of WRF does a much better job predicting the cloud fraction and the downwelling shortwave irradiance thancontrol simulations utilizing the default Kain-Fritsch scheme. The modified scheme includes a number of additional free parameters, including the number and size of bins used to define the PDF, the minimum frequency of a bin within the PDF before that bin is considered for shallow clouds to form, and the critical cumulative frequency of bins required to trigger deep convection. A series of tests were undertaken to evaluate the sensitivity of the simulations to these parameters. Overall, the scheme was found to be relatively insensitive to each of the parameters.

Berg, Larry K.; Gustafson, William I.; Kassianov, Evgueni I.; Deng, Liping

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Analysis of Energy-Efficiency Opportunities for the Cement Industry in Shandong Province, China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

10 B. Conversion Factors andfinal energy using a conversion factor of 0.0001229 kWh/tonto primary energy using a conversion factor of 0.000404 kWh/

Price, Lynn

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Essays on the Economics of Environmental Issues: The Environmental Kuznets Curve to Optimal Energy Portfolios  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Factors are Most Supportive to Green Energy Penetrationare Most Supportive to Green Energy Penetration Introductionin the di?usion of green energy technology. After this

Meininger, Aaron G.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

One of These Homes is Not Like the Other: Residential Energy Consumption Variability  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the total annual energy consumption. The behavior patternsin total residential energy consumption per home, even whenthe variability in energy consumption can vary by factors of

Kelsven, Phillip

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Energy conservation potential of surface modification technologies  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report assesses the energy conservation impact of surface modification technologies on the metalworking industries. The energy conservation impact of surface modification technologies on the metalworking industries is assessed by estimating their friction and wear tribological sinks and the subsequent reduction in these sinks when surface modified tools are used. Ion implantation, coatings, and laser and electron beam surface modifications are considered.

Le, H.K.; Horne, D.M.; Silberglitt, R.S.

1985-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

Biological Factors in Treatment of Raw Sewage in Artificial Ponds  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

be improved. Accordingly ... Various factors, such as loading, solar ..... example, follows changes in air temperature .... In these observations ice quality appeared ... of solar energy by aquatic organisms. Problems in. Lake Biology;. A.A.A.S..

1999-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

451

ENERGY FLOW IN A NATURAL POPULATION OF THE ...  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The energy budget, in which ingestion was obtained by summation, ... lations based on energy parameters have ...... phyllum) and using the conversion factors.

2000-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

452

Rational Material Architecture Design for Better Energy Storage  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

renewable energy will be a leading factor contributing to total energy growthenergy growth (right). [4] (toe: term of oil equivalent) In this context, clean, safe and renewable

Chen, Zheng

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Development of the Electricity Carbon Emission Factors for Russia | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

the Electricity Carbon Emission Factors for Russia the Electricity Carbon Emission Factors for Russia Jump to: navigation, search Name Development of the Electricity Carbon Emission Factors for Russia Agency/Company /Organization European Bank for Reconstruction and Development Sector Energy Focus Area Renewable Energy Topics GHG inventory Resource Type Publications Website http://www.lahmeyer.de/fileadm Country Russia Eastern Europe References Development of the Electricity Carbon Emission Factors for Russia[1] References ↑ "Development of the Electricity Carbon Emission Factors for Russia" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Development_of_the_Electricity_Carbon_Emission_Factors_for_Russia&oldid=383164" Category: Programs What links here Related changes Special pages

454

Plastic wastes as modifiers of the thermoplasticity of coal  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Plastic waste recycling represents a major challenge in environmental protection with different routes now available for dealing with mechanical, chemical, and energy recycling. New concepts in plastic waste recycling have emerged so that now such wastes can be used to replace fossil fuels, either as an energy source or as a secondary raw material. Our objective is to explore the modification of the thermoplastic properties of coal in order to assess the possibility of adding plastic waste to coal for the production of metallurgical coke. Two bituminous coals of different rank and thermoplastic properties were used as a base component of blends with plastic wastes such as high-density polyethylene (HDPE), low-density polyethylene (LDPE), polypropylene (PP), polystyrene (PS), poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET), and acrilonitrile-butadiene-styrene copolymer (ABS). In all cases, the addition of plastic waste led to a reduction in Gieseler maximum fluidity, the extent of the reduction depending on the fluidity of the base coal, and the amount, the molecular structure, and the thermal behavior of the polymer. As a consequence, the amount of volatile matter released by the plastic waste before, during, and after the maximum fluidity of the coal and the hydrogen-donor and hydrogen-acceptor capacities of the polymer were concluded to be key factors in influencing the extent of the reduction in fluidity and the development of anisotropic carbons. The incorporation of the plastic to the carbon matrix was clearly established in semicokes produced from blends of a high-fluid coal and the plastic tested by SEM examination. 42 refs., 10 figs., 7 tabs.

M.A. Diez; C. Barriocanal; R. Alvarez [Instituto Nacional del Carbon (INCAR), Oviedo (Spain)

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Energy Restriction Reduces the Number of Advanced Aberrant Crypt Foci and Attenuates the Expression of Colonic Transforming Growth Factor ? and Cyclooxygenase Isoforms in Zucker Obese (fa/fa) Rats  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...study of dietary fish oil vs. corn oil (25% of energy) with or without rosiglitazone...the dermis with UVB exposure. Corn oil (CO) mice had the lowest...effects of dietary fish oil and corn oil on clinical and biochemical...

Jayadev Raju and Ranjana P. Bird

2003-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

456

Seismic performance of polymer modified concretes in flexure-modelling  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Considerable research has been carried out in the recent years in the development of models to simulate the inelastic responses of reinforced concrete elements. The enhancement of ductility and the post-peak behaviour are of special interest for the seismic design of structures. Polymer modified fibre concretes are found to be ideal for seismic application with its inherent structural characteristics. An experimental investigation has been undertaken to understand the flexural behaviour of the polymer-modified fibre concrete modified with natural rubber latex. The results are compared with the response of normal strength concrete beam. Analytical modelling of the beams were carried out in a user friendly finite element software to accurately predict the monotonic behaviour of the beams which is considered to be the envelope of cyclic curve. The strains developed were found and are compared with the theoretical results.

R. Sreekala; K. Muthumani; N. Gopalakrishnan; K. Sathish Kumar; G.V. Rama Rao; Nagesh R. Iyer

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Intramolecular ET in Ru-Modified MnCyt c  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Tetraammine(L)ruthenium(III)-Modified Tetraammine(L)ruthenium(III)-Modified Manganocytochromes c Ji Sun and James F. Wishart Inorg. Chem. 37, 1124-1126 (1998) [Find paper at ACS Publications] or use ACS Articles on Request Abstract: Manganese-substituted horse heart cytochrome c was prepared by replacing the iron in the heme group according to established methods. The resulting manganicytochrome c was subsequently modified at histidine-33 with three ruthenium complexes trans-(NH3)4(L)Ru-His33, where L = NH3, pyridine or isonicotinamide. Proof of correct derivatization was obtained by atomic absorption analysis of manganese and ruthenium, differential pulse voltammetry and electrospray mass spectroscopy. Manganese(II)-to-ruthenium(III) intramolecular electron transfer rates were measured as a function of temperature by pulse radiolysis, using oxidation

458

A Novel Harmony Search Algorithm for One-Year-Ahead Energy Demand Estimation Using Macroeconomic Variables  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper we tackle a problem of one-year ahead energy demand estimation from macroeconomic variables. A modified Harmony ... the proposed approach in a real problem of Energy demand estimation in Spain, from...

Sancho Salcedo-Sanz…

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

Monthly energy review, December 1995  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This publication presents an overview of EIA`s recent monthly energy statistics. The statistics cover the major activities of US production, consumption, trade, stocks, and prices for petroleum, natural gas, coal, electricity, and nuclear energy. Also included are international energy and thermal and metric conversion factors. An energy preview of alternative fuel providers vehicle fleet surveys is included. The publication is intended for use by members of Congress, Federal and State agencies, energy analysts, and the general public.

NONE

1995-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

460

Multi-factor authentication  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Detection and deterrence of spoofing of user authentication may be achieved by including a cryptographic fingerprint unit within a hardware device for authenticating a user of the hardware device. The cryptographic fingerprint unit includes an internal physically unclonable function ("PUF") circuit disposed in or on the hardware device, which generates a PUF value. Combining logic is coupled to receive the PUF value, combines the PUF value with one or more other authentication factors to generate a multi-factor authentication value. A key generator is coupled to generate a private key and a public key based on the multi-factor authentication value while a decryptor is coupled to receive an authentication challenge posed to the hardware device and encrypted with the public key and coupled to output a response to the authentication challenge decrypted with the private key.

Hamlet, Jason R; Pierson, Lyndon G

2014-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "modified energy factor" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Venezuelan energy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper reports that because military and political instability in the Persian Gulf makes the United States vulnerable to oil supply disruptions, a 1991 Department of Energy report encourages diversification of U.S. oil sources and greater reliance on imports from countries outside the Gulf, such as Venezuela. GAO's report, also published in Spanish, discusses recent increases in Venezuelan oil production and the main factors affecting continued increases through 1996, assesses recent investment reforms in the Venezuelan petroleum industry and U.S. petroleum companies' response to these reforms, identifies the major impediments and inducements to U.S. investment in Venezuela's petroleum industry, and reviews U.S. government efforts to support Venezuela's energy sector.

Not Available

1991-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

Preformation factor for ? particles in isotopes near N=Z  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Combining the experimental ?-decay energies and half-lives, the ?-particle preformation factors for the nuclei around N=Z=50 are extracted within the generalized liquid drop model. It is found that the average order of magnitude of the preformation factor is 1.0×10?1. In addition, a detailed discussion on the odd-even effect of the preformation factor is performed.

Y. Z. Wang; J. Z. Gu; Z. Y. Hou

2014-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

463

Miniature modified Faraday cup for micro electron beams  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A micro beam Faraday cup assembly includes a refractory metal layer with an odd number of thin, radially positioned traces in this refractory metal layer. Some of the radially positioned traces are located at the edge of the micro modified Faraday cup body and some of the radially positioned traces are located in the central portion of the micro modified Faraday cup body. Each set of traces is connected to a separate data acquisition channel to form multiple independent diagnostic networks. The data obtained from the two diagnostic networks are combined and inputted into a computed tomography algorithm to reconstruct the beam shape, size, and power density distribution.

Teruya, Alan T. (Livermore, CA); Elmer, John W. (Danville, CA); Palmer, Todd A. (Livermore, CA); Walton, Chris C. (Berkeley, CA)

2008-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

464

Comprehensive national energy strategy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This Comprehensive National Energy Strategy sets forth a set of five common sense goals for national energy policy: (1) improve the efficiency of the energy system, (2) ensure against energy disruptions, (3) promote energy production and use in ways that respect health and environmental values, (4) expand future energy choices, and (5) cooperate internationally on global issues. These goals are further elaborated by a series of objectives and strategies to illustrate how the goals will be achieved. Taken together, the goals, objectives, and strategies form a blueprint for the specific programs, projects, initiatives, investments, and other actions that will be developed and undertaken by the Federal Government, with significant emphasis on the importance of the scientific and technological advancements that will allow implementation of this Comprehensive National Energy Strategy. Moreover, the statutory requirement of regular submissions of national energy policy plans ensures that this framework can be modified to reflect evolving conditions, such as better knowledge of our surroundings, changes in energy markets, and advances in technology. This Strategy, then, should be thought of as a living document. Finally, this plan benefited from the comments and suggestions of numerous individuals and organizations, both inside and outside of government. The Summary of Public Comments, located at the end of this document, describes the public participation process and summarizes the comments that were received. 8 figs.

NONE

1998-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

Healthy Zero Energy Buildings ENVIRONMENTAL AREA RESEARCH  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, energy consumption from building ventilation could be one of the limiting factors in achieving energy quality or, conversely, overventilation, which wastes energy. To develop the healthbased ventilationHealthy Zero Energy Buildings ENVIRONMENTAL AREA RESEARCH PIER Environmental Research www.energy

466

Bottom-Up Energy Analysis System - Methodology and Results  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

World Energy Outlook [71]. The projection of electricity carbon factors is based on expectations of the carbon intensity

McNeil, Michael A.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

Effect of optically modified polyethylene terephthalate fiber socks on chronic foot pain  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of optically modified polyethylene terephthalate fiber sockswhether socks made from polyethylene terephthalate (PET)

York, Robyn MB; Gordon, Ian L

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Renewable Energy | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Research Topics Renewable Energy Renewable Energy he Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) 2014 Postdoctoral Research Awards are sponsored by: Solar Energy...

469

Energy 101 | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Literacy Energy 101 Energy 101 What is the Energy 101 Initiative? The Energy 101 Dialogue Series: Dialogue 1: Energy in the Classroom Webinar Slides Increasing opportunities...

470

A Geothermal District-Heating System and Alternative Energy Research...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

District-Heating System and Alternative Energy Research Park on the NM Tech Campus Geothermal Project Jump to: navigation, search Last modified on July 22, 2011. Project Title A...

471

C3Bio.org - Wiki: Spero Energy  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

fuels or other products. Spero Energy is assisted by the Purdue Office of Technology Commercialization. speroprocess.png Created on 06 Feb 2014, Last modified on 06 Feb 2014...

472

Next Generation Photovoltaics Round 2 | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

(Zn,Mg)Cu oxysulfide solar absorber material with the potential to reach and exceed 20% energy conversion efficiency. The research team is substantially modifying the Cu2O base...

473

Integrating modified Delphi method with fuzzy AHP for optimal power substation location selection  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Evaluation and selection of power substation location is an important strategic decision making problem for both public and private sector. The multi-dimensional, multi-criteria nature of the power substation location problem limits the usefulness of any particular single objective model. Studies have shown that electromagnetic radiations emanating from the high voltage lines and substations, pose serious adverse health consequences to living beings. In this study, social, technological, economical, environmental and site characteristics factors and sub criteria, have been derived to make the optimal power substation location selection decision more realistic and effectual. In this paper, an improved and more appropriate power substation location evaluation and selection model has been developed by integrating Modified Delphi method with Fuzzy Analytic Hierarchy Process (FAHP). A numerical example is presented to show applicability and performance of the proposed methodology followed by a sensitivity analysis to discuss and explain the results.

Golam Kabir; M. Ahsan Akhtar Hasin

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

Public Health FAT FACTORS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: THE UNITED STATES SPENDS MORE ON HEALTH CARE THAN ANY OTHER COUNTRY. YET WE CONTINUE TO FALL FAR BEHIND States spends an astonishing percent of our gross domestic product on health care--significantly moreColumbia Public Health HOT TOPIC Climate Change FAT FACTORS Obesity Prevention BOOK SMART

Qian, Ning

475

Factors Affecting Photosynthesis!  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Factors Affecting Photosynthesis! Temperature Eppley (1972) Light Sverdrup's Critical Depth-493, but the general concept is still valid! ! #12;PB opt & Temperature! #12;Photosynthesis & Temperature! Remember: in the laboratory, we can measure photosynthesis versus irradiance (PvsE) and calculate Ek, Pmax, and alpha

Kudela, Raphael M.

476

Energy Conservation Renewable Energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy Conservation Renewable Energy The Future at Rutgers University Facilities & Capital Planning Operations & Services Utilities Operations 6 Berrue Circle Piscataway, NJ 08854 #12;Energy Conservation Wh C ti ? R bl EWhy Conservation? Renewable Energy · Climate control reduces green house gases · Reduces

Delgado, Mauricio

477

Engineered Geothermal Systems Energy Return On Energy Investment  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

EGS EROI - 1 EGS EROI - 1 Engineered Geothermal Systems Energy Return On Energy Investment A.J. Mansure, Geothermal Consultant, ajm@q.com Albuquerque, NM 12/10/2012 Key Words: energy, EROI, EGS, efficiency, energy investment, energy return, input energy, energy payback, and net energy. Abstract Energy Return On Investment (EROI) is an important figure of merit for assessing the viability of energy alternatives. Too often comparisons of energy systems use "efficiency" when EROI would be more appropriate. For geothermal electric power generation, EROI is determined by the electricity delivered to the consumer compared to the energy consumed to construct, operate, and decommission the facility. Critical factors in determining the EROI of Engineered Geothermal Systems (EGS

478

On the test of the modified BCS at finite temperature  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The results and conclusions by Ponomarev and Vdovin [Phys. Rev. C {\\bf 72}, 034309 (2005)] are inadequate to judge the applicability of the modified BCS because they were obtained either in the temperature region, where the use of zero-temperature single-particle spectra is no longer justified, or in too limited configuration spaces.

Nguyen Dinh Dang; Akito Arima

2005-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

479

Composition and biological degradability of lignin modified transgenic plants  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Composition and biological degradability of lignin modified transgenic plants MA Bernard Vailhé, JM The influence of lignin quality on cell wall degradation was studied using, as model plants, control (C matter (DM) and lignin content were determined according to Jarrige (1961, Ann Biol Anim Biophys, 1, 163

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

480

Computer software engineers design, create, and modify computer applications.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Computer software engineers design, create, and modify computer applications. Computer Software Engineers (0*NET 15-1031.00, 15-1032.00) Significant Points Computer software engineers are projected are expected for college graduates with at least a bachelor's degree in computer engineering or computer

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "modified energy factor" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

The modified two stream instability at nonmagnetic planets  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We describe the role the modified two stream instability plays in the interaction of the solar wind with non-magnetized planets. The instability leads to the production of energetic electrons that can be responsible for the observed x-ray emission.

Bingham, R.; Kellett, B. J. [Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Chilton, Oxon, OX11 0QX (United Kingdom); Shapiro, V. D.; Uecer, D. [Department of Physics, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92091 (United States); Quest, K. B. [ECE Department, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92091 (United States)

2010-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

482

Method of storing radioactive wastes using modified tobermorite  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A new cation exchanger is a modified tobermorite containing aluminum isomorphously substituted for silicon and containing sodium or potassium. The exchanger is selective for lead, rubidium, cobalt and cadmium and is selective for cesium over calcium or sodium. The tobermorites are compatable with cement and are useful for the long-term fixation and storage of radioactive nuclear wastes.

Komarneni, Sridhar (State College, PA); Roy, Della M. (State College, PA)

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

SHORT COMMUNICATION Flow rate-modified streaming effects in heterogeneous  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the streaming potential (Norde and Rouwendal 1990; Elgersma et al. 1992; Werner et al. 1999) or streamingSHORT COMMUNICATION Flow rate-modified streaming effects in heterogeneous microchannels Junjie Zhu relations is developed to study the streaming potential and streaming current in heterogeneous micro

Xuan, Xiangchun "Schwann"

484

Varying Speed of Light, Modified Chaplygin Gas and Accelerating Universe  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper, we have considered a model of modified Chaplygin gas in VSL theory with variable gravitational constant $G$. We have shown that the evolution of the universe starts from radiation era to phantom model. The whole evolution of the universe has been shown diagramatically by using statefinder parameters.

Anup Kumar Singha; Ujjal Debnath

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

Local Delivery of Basic Fibroblast Growth Factor (bFGF) Using Adsorbed Silyl-heparin,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Local Delivery of Basic Fibroblast Growth Factor (bFGF) Using Adsorbed Silyl-heparin, Benzyl-heparin, a chemically modified analogue of heparin. The silyl-heparin was adsorbed onto surfaces by hydrophobic interaction via the prosthetic unit and can then be used as a solid-phase adsorbent for bFGF. All the coating

Homes, Christopher C.

486

Non-observability of Spectroscopic Factors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The spectroscopic factor has long played a central role in nuclear reaction theory. However, it is not an observable. Consequently it is of minimal use as a meeting point between theory and experiment. In this paper the nature of the problem is explored. At the many-body level, unitary transformations are constructed that vary the spectroscopic factors over the full range of allowed values. At the phenomenological level, field redefinitions play a similar role and the spectroscopic factor extracted from experiment depend more on the assumed energy dependence of the potentials than on the measured cross-sections. The consistency conditions, gauge invariance and Wegmann's theorem play a large role in these considerations.

B. K. Jennings

2011-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

487

Factorized soft graviton theorems at loop level  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We analyze the low-energy behavior of scattering amplitudes involving gravitons at loop level in four dimensions. The single-graviton soft limit is controlled by soft operators which have been argued to separate into a factorized piece and a non-factorizing infrared divergent contribution. In this note we show that the soft operators responsible for the factorized contributions are strongly constrained by gauge and Poincare invariance under the assumption of a local structure. We show that the leading and subleading orders in the soft-momentum expansion can not receive radiative corrections. The first radiative correction occurs for the sub-subleading soft graviton operator and is one-loop exact. It depends on only two undetermined coefficients which should reflect the field content of the theory under consideration.

Broedel, Johannes; Plefka, Jan; Rosso, Matteo

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

Testing dark energy using pairs of galaxies in redshift space  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......galaxy redshift survey to constrain...signals for dark energy and modified...theory|dark energy|large-scale...future galaxy surveys is to determine...covered by future surveys, it is likely...accepted that the dark energy challenge should......

E. Jennings; C. M. Baugh; S. Pascoli

2012-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

489

Solar Correction Factors of Building Envelope in Tebei  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

weather data, this paper compares the solar energy of a typical city, Lassa, in Tebei with that of another city that has the same degree-days of heating period, calculates the heating energy for the building, and proposes the solar correction factors...

Wang, D.; Tang, M.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

Many Factors Affect MPG  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Many Factors Affect Fuel Economy Many Factors Affect Fuel Economy How You Drive Vehicle Maintenance Fuel Variations Vehicle Variations Engine Break-In Vehicles in traffic Quick acceleration and heavy braking can reduce fuel economy by up to 33 percent on the highway and 5 percent around town. New EPA tests account for faster acceleration rates, but vigorous driving can still lower MPG. Excessive idling decreases MPG. The EPA city test includes idling, but more idling will lower MPG. Driving at higher speeds increases aerodynamic drag (wind resistance), reducing fuel economy. The new EPA tests account for aerodynamic drag up to highway speeds of 80 mph, but some drivers exceed this speed. Cold weather and frequent short trips can reduce fuel economy, since your engine doesn't operate efficiently until it is warmed up. In colder

491

Can dark energy viscosity be detected with the Euclid survey?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Recent work has demonstrated that it is important to constrain the dynamics of cosmological perturbations, in addition to the evolution of the background, if we want to distinguish among different models of the dark sector. Especially the anisotropic stress of the (possibly effective) dark energy fluid has been shown to be an important discriminator between modified gravity and dark energy models. In this paper we use approximate analytical solutions of the perturbation equations in the presence of viscosity to study how the anisotropic stress affects the weak lensing and galaxy power spectrum. We then forecast how sensitive the photometric and spectroscopic Euclid surveys will be to both the speed of sound and the viscosity of our effective dark energy fluid when using weak lensing tomography and the galaxy power spectrum. We find that Euclid alone can only constrain models with a very small speed of sound and viscosity, while it will need the help of other observables in order to give interesting constraints on models with a sound speed close to one. This conclusion is also supported by the expected Bayes factor between models.

Domenico Sapone; Elisabetta Majerotto; Martin Kunz; Bianca Garilli

2013-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

492

Can dark energy viscosity be detected with the Euclid survey?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Recent work has demonstrated that it is important to constrain the dynamics of cosmological perturbations, in addition to the evolution of the background, if we want to distinguish among different models of the dark sector. Especially the anisotropic stress of the (possibly effective) dark energy fluid has been shown to be an important discriminator between modified gravity and dark energy models. In this paper we use approximate analytical solutions of the perturbation equations in the presence of viscosity to study how the anisotropic stress affects the weak lensing and galaxy power spectrum. We then forecast how sensitive the photometric and spectroscopic Euclid surveys will be to both the speed of sound and the viscosity of our effective dark energy fluid when using weak lensing tomography and the galaxy power spectrum. We find that Euclid alone can only constrain models with very small speed of sound and viscosity, while it will need the help of other observables in order to give interesting constraints on models with a sound speed close to one. This conclusion is also supported by the expected Bayes factor between models.

Domenico Sapone; Elisabetta Majerotto; Martin Kunz; Bianca Garilli

2013-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

493

Energy saving controller for fluorescent lamps.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Although fluorescent lamp is a very efficient lighting device in daily life, still the high harmonic distortion and low power factor cause unnecessary energy consumption.… (more)

Cheong, Zhi Xiong

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

PRIMARY PRODUCTIVITY AND ENERGY RELATIONSHIPS IN ...  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

artificial streams. Emphasis was placed on a study of the effects of various factors on energy flow ..... green algae have a low lipid content, high caloric values ...

495

Issues in International Energy Consumption Analysis: Electricity...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

usage in a developing country. Relationships between these factors are important for energy planning in India and around the globe. Just as electrification was a huge undertaking...

496

" Row: NAICS Codes; Column: Energy Sources...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

"to other energy products (e.g., crude oil converted to residual and distillate" "fuel oils) are excluded." " NFNo applicable RSE rowcolumn factor." " * Estimate less...

497

Human Factors Review Plan  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

''Human Factors'' is concerned with the incorporation of human user considerations into a system in order to maximize human reliability and reduce errors. This Review Plan is intended to assist in the assessment of human factors conditions in existing DOE facilities. In addition to specifying assessment methodologies, the plan describes techniques for improving conditions which are found to not adequately support reliable human performance. The following topics are addressed: (1) selection of areas for review describes techniques for needs assessment to assist in selecting and prioritizing areas for review; (2) human factors engineering review is concerned with optimizing the interfaces between people and equipment and people and their work environment; (3) procedures review evaluates completeness and accuracy of procedures, as well as their usability and management; (4) organizational interface review is concerned with communication and coordination between all levels of an organization; and (5) training review evaluates training program criteria such as those involving: trainee selection, qualification of training staff, content and conduct of training, requalification training, and program management.

Paramore, B.; Peterson, L.R. (eds.)

1985-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

Solar Energy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The sun is the main source of all alternative energies on the earth’s surface. Wind energy, bioenergy, ocean energy, and hydro energy are derived from the sun. However,...solar energy refers to the energy that is...

Tushar K. Ghosh; Mark A. Prelas

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

Global carbon dioxide emissions scenarios: Sensitivity to social and technological factors in three regions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Carbon dioxide emissions from 1990 to 2100 AD are decomposed ... intensity (energy use per unit GDP) and carbon intensity (carbon dioxide emissions per unit energy). These emissions factors are further subdivided...

Christopher Yang; Stephen H. Schneider

500

Global Carbon Dioxide Emissions Scenarios: Sensitivity to Social and Technological Factors in Three Regions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Carbon dioxide emissions from 1990 to 2100 AD are decomposed ... intensity (energy use per unit GDP) and carbon intensity (carbon dioxide emissions per unit energy). These emissions factors are further subdivided...

Christopher Yang; Stephen H. Schneider

1998-12-01T23:59:59.000Z