Sample records for modern easier-to-use interface

  1. Improving ISR Radar Utilization (How I quit blaming the user and made the radar easier to use).

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Doerry, Armin W.

    2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In modern multi - sensor multi - mode Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance ( ISR ) platforms, the plethora of options available to a sensor/payload operator are quite large, leading to an over - worked operator often down - selecting to favorite sensors an d modes. For example, Full Motion Video (FMV) is justifiably a favorite sensor at the expense of radar modes, even if radar modes can offer unique and advantageous information. The challenge is then to increase the utilization of the radar modes in a man ner attractive to the sensor/payload operator. We propose that this is best accomplished by combining sensor modes and displays into 'super - modes'. - 4 - Acknowledgements This report is the result of a n unfunded research and development activity . Sandia Natio nal Laboratories is a multi - program laboratory managed and operated by Sandia Corporation, a wholly owned subsidiary of Lockheed Martin Corporation, for the U.S. Department of Energy's National Nuclear Security Administration under contract DE - AC04 - 94AL850 00.

  2. International Journal of Modern Physics C FLUCTUATING INTERFACES, SURFACE TENSION, AND

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Journal of Modern Physics C FLUCTUATING INTERFACES, SURFACE TENSION, AND CAPILLARY WAVES: AN INTRODUCTION VLADIMIR PRIVMAN Department of Theoretical Physics, University of Oxford \\Lambda 1 Keble Road, Oxford OX1 3NP, UK Received 25 June 1992 ABSTRACT We present an introduction to modern

  3. Design and analysis of modern three-phase AC/AC power converters for AC drives and utility interface 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kwak, Sangshin

    2005-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

    Significant advances in modern ac/ac power converter technologies and demands of industries have reached beyond standard ac/ac power converters with voltage-source inverters fed from diode rectifiers. Power electronics converters have been matured...

  4. Advanced Simulation and Optimization Tools for Dynamic Aperture of Non-scaling FFAGs and Accelerators including Modern User Interfaces

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    F. Mills, K. Makino, M. Berz, and C. Johnstone

    2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    With the U.S. experimental effort in HEP largely located at laboratories supporting the operations of large, highly specialized accelerators, colliding beam facilities, and detector facilities, the understanding and prediction of high energy particle accelerators becomes critical to the success, overall, of the DOE HEP program. One area in which small businesses can contribute to the ongoing success of the U.S. program in HEP is through innovations in computer techniques and sophistication in the modeling of high-energy accelerators. Accelerator modeling at these facilities is performed by experts with the product generally highly specific and representative only of in-house accelerators or special-interest accelerator problems. Development of new types of accelerators like FFAGs with their wide choices of parameter modifications, complicated fields, and the simultaneous need to efficiently handle very large emittance beams requires the availability of new simulation environments to assure predictability in operation. In this, ease of use and interfaces are critical to realizing a successful model, or optimization of a new design or working parameters of machines. In Phase I, various core modules for the design and analysis of FFAGs were developed and Graphical User Interfaces (GUI) have been investigated instead of the more general yet less easily manageable console-type output COSY provides.

  5. Cyberspace modernization :

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Keliiaa, Curtis M.; McLane, Victor N.

    2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A common challenge across the communications and information technology (IT) sectors is Internet + modernization + complexity + risk + cost. Cyberspace modernization and cyber security risks, issues, and concerns impact service providers, their customers, and the industry at large. Public and private sectors are struggling to solve the problem. New service opportunities lie in mobile voice, video, and data, and machine-to-machine (M2M) information and communication technologies that are migrating not only to predominant Internet Protocol (IP) communications, but also concurrently integrating IP, version 4 (IPv4) and IP, version 6 (IPv6). With reference to the Second Internet and the Internet of Things, next generation information services portend business survivability in the changing global market. The planning, architecture, and design information herein is intended to increase infrastructure preparedness, security, interoperability, resilience, and trust in the midst of such unprecedented change and opportunity. This document is a product of Sandia National Laboratories Tribal Cyber and IPv6 project work. It is a Cyberspace Modernization objective advisory in support of bridging the digital divide through strategic partnership and an informed path forward.

  6. Introduction: Modern Energy and Modern Society

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Delaware, University of

    by a sudden technological breakthrough. As to the former, low- entropy energy from the sun was (and isIntroduction: Modern Energy and Modern Society John Byrne, Noah Toly, and Young-Doo Wang Spiking of the global energy system. Rising in importance are headlines that associate modern energy with modern

  7. Nuclear weapons modernizations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kristensen, Hans M. [Federation of American Scientists, Washington, DC (United States)

    2014-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

    This article reviews the nuclear weapons modernization programs underway in the world's nine nuclear weapons states. It concludes that despite significant reductions in overall weapons inventories since the end of the Cold War, the pace of reductions is slowing - four of the nuclear weapons states are even increasing their arsenals, and all the nuclear weapons states are busy modernizing their remaining arsenals in what appears to be a dynamic and counterproductive nuclear competition. The author questions whether perpetual modernization combined with no specific plan for the elimination of nuclear weapons is consistent with the nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty and concludes that new limits on nuclear modernizations are needed.

  8. Conditions of Employment Modern Apprentice

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Strathclyde, University of

    Conditions of Employment Modern Apprentice 1. GENERAL CONDITIONS Members of staff are subject. Modern Apprentices are required under this agreement to undertake training, attend courses and carry out

  9. Sycamore Canyon Modernization

    High Performance Buildings Database

    Santee, CA The Sycamore Canyon Elementary School is one of five schools in the Santee district that has completed a modernization program. This first round of projects has helped inform the district's ongoing effort to modernize all of their facilities. The total energy use at Sycamore Canyon was successfully reduced by more than one-third, as compared to the pre-retrofit consumption. The school is currently operating with an energy use intensity of only 23 kBtu/SqFt, placing it in the top 99% of schools (per the EnergyStar rating system).

  10. User Interfaces 1 Command Line Interfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Verschelde, Jan

    User Interfaces 1 Command Line Interfaces getting arguments of the command line a command line 2013 1 / 39 #12;User Interfaces 1 Command Line Interfaces getting arguments of the command line a command line interface to store points fitting points with polyfit of numpy 2 Encapsulation by Object

  11. 2014 Modern Power Grid Video

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    2014-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

    A video from NETL that describes the details of a modern power grid and how it can help our nation save on energy costs.

  12. 2014 Modern Power Grid Video

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2014-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

    A video from NETL that describes the details of a modern power grid and how it can help our nation save on energy costs.

  13. Sandia National Laboratories: grid modernization

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    grid modernization Renewables, Other Energy Issues To Be Focus of Enhanced Sandia-SINTEF Collaboration On May 28, 2014, in Biofuels, CRF, Distribution Grid Integration, Energy,...

  14. Web Service Interface (API)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    OSCARS and Future Tech OSCARS Standard and Open Grid Forum OSCARS Developers Community Web Browser Interface (WBUI) Web Service Interface (API) Read More... Fasterdata IPv6...

  15. Web Browser Interface (WBUI)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    OSCARS and Future Tech OSCARS Standard and Open Grid Forum OSCARS Developers Community Web Browser Interface (WBUI) Web Service Interface (API) Read More... Fasterdata IPv6...

  16. Selecting and Applying Interfacings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Selecting and using interfacing correctly is an important component of garment construction. The various types of interfacing are described and methods of applying them are discussed in detail....

  17. Web Interface Call Simulator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ernst, Damien

    Web Interface Call Simulator Stage Description Web Interface for VoIP Call Simulator Net) Version 1.0 ­ 3/09/2012 Page 1 of 6 #12;Web Interface Call Simulator Version 1.0 ­ 3/09/2012 Page 2 of 6 #12;Web Interface Call Simulator Document Control Version Date Notes 1.0 25/8/2012 Reviewed

  18. MODERN AGRICULTURAL DIGITAL MANAGEMENT NETWORK INFORMATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MODERN AGRICULTURAL DIGITAL MANAGEMENT NETWORK INFORMATION SYSTEM OF HEILONGJIANG RECLAMATION AREA@126.com Abstract: To meet the need of agriculture management modernization of Heilongjiang reclamation area, further boost large-scale integration level of modern agriculture production and boost management

  19. Heating System Modernization, Management of Peripheral Scope...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Modernization, Management of Peripheral Scope Lessons Learned Report, NNSA, Dec 2010 Heating System Modernization, Management of Peripheral Scope Lessons Learned Report, NNSA,...

  20. Principal Characteristics of a Modern Grid

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Modern Grid Wisconsin Public Utility Institute and UW Energy Institute Joe Miller, Steve Pullins, Steve Bossart - Modern Grid Team April 29, 2008 1 Conducted by the National Energy...

  1. Network technology for depot modernization

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hostick, C.J.

    1990-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report was prepared by the Pacific Northwest Laboratory to summarize existing and emerging information system technology and standards applicable to Depot System Command (DESCOM) modernization efforts. The intent of this summarization is to provide the Revitalization of Army Depots for the Year 2000 (READY 2000) team a clear understanding of the enabling information system technologies required to support effective modernization activities. Much of the information contained in this report was acquired during the last year in support of the US Army Armament, Munitions, and Chemical Command (AMCCOM) Facility Integrated Manufacturing Management System (FIMMS) project at PNL, which is targeting the modernization of plant-wide information systems at Army Ammunition Plants. The objective of information system modernization is to improve the effectiveness of an organization in performing its mission. Information system modernization strives to meet this objective by creating an environment where data is electronically captured near the source and readily available to all areas of the organization. Advanced networks, together with related information system technology, are the enabling mechanisms that make modern information system infrastructures possible. The intent of this paper is to present an overview of advanced information system network technology to support depot modernization planners in making technology management decisions. Existing and emerging Open System Interconnection (OSI) and Government Open System Interconnection Profile (GOSIP) standards are explained, as well as a brief assessment of existing products compliant with these standards. Finally, recommendations for achieving plant-wide integration using existing products are presented, and migration strategies for full OSI compliance are introduced. 5 refs., 16 figs. (JF)

  2. DATA MINING AT THE INTERFACE OF COMPUTER SCIENCE AND STATISTICS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smyth, Padhraic

    Chapter 1 DATA MINING AT THE INTERFACE OF COMPUTER SCIENCE AND STATISTICS \\Lambda Padhraic Smyth a better understanding of the role of statistical thinking in modern data mining. Data mining has at the application of a variety of techniques from both computer science and statistics. The chapter discusses how

  3. DATA MINING AT THE INTERFACE OF COMPUTER SCIENCE AND STATISTICS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smyth, Padhraic

    Chapter 1 DATA MINING AT THE INTERFACE OF COMPUTER SCIENCE AND STATISTICS Padhraic Smyth a better understanding of the role of statistical thinking in modern data mining. Data mining has at the application of a variety of techniques from both computer science and statistics. The chapter discusses how

  4. NONLINEAR OPTICS AT INTERFACES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Chenson K.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    N. Bloembergen, Nonlinear Optics (W. A. Benjamin, 1977) p.Research Division NONLINEAR OPTICS AT INTERFACES Chenson K.ED LBL-12084 NONLINEAR OPTICS AT INTERFACES Chenson K. Chen

  5. Developing a Framework for a New Visual-Based Interface Design in Autodesk Maya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Withers, Timothy Clayton

    2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

    was the fact they did not have a consistent user interface. Luckily, the PARC researchers realized this aw and developed a new visual code development environment called Smalltalk, shown in Fig. 2, the rst modern GUI. What was amazing about Smalltalk wasn..., Leventhal, Wills, and Manaris (2002) noted the importance of Human-computer in- teraction (HCI) suggesting at least 50% of programming code is devoted to the user interface [28]. The most widely used interface type in computer applications is the (W...

  6. MODERN

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville PowerCherries 82981-1cnHigh SchoolIn12electron 9November 6, InaprilU . S . D e p a r t m e n t o f

  7. Brain-Computer Interfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aggarwal, Khushbu

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    I \\ November 16, 2008). CNN. ’Brain’ in a dish ?ies ?ightREFERENCES Adams, Ray. Brain Computer Interfaces: Psychologyaccessed Biever, Celeste. Brain cells in a dish ?y ?ghter

  8. The Modern Energy Savings Route

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, M.

    THE MODERN ENERGY SAVINGS ROUTE MATT SMITH President L.S. Enterprises 9801 West Bahia Vista Fort Myers, ABSTRACT In most operations, cooling towers are not purposely overlooked by Plant Personnel. However, the lack of knowledge about... their importance prevents energy managers from making intelligent, informed decisions. This paper will compare the various types of cooling towers in use. Their operational and energy usage considerations will be discussed with old and new techniques explained...

  9. Assistant Secretary Hoffman Discusses Grid Modernization with...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Assistant Secretary Hoffman Discusses Grid Modernization with the New York Times and E&E TV Assistant Secretary Hoffman Discusses Grid Modernization with the New York Times and E&E...

  10. Modern Physics for Engineers Instructor: Randy Johnson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Randy

    Syllabus Modern Physics for Engineers 15­030­276 Instructor: Randy Johnson 417 Geology/Physics Site: http://www.physics.uc.edu/~johnson/Modern.Physics/Index.html Textbooks: Serway, Moses, and Moyer, Modern Physics Auxiliary texts (available on reserve in library): Wheeler and Taylor, Space­Time Physics

  11. Modern Physics Laboratory Dr. James E. Parks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dai, Pengcheng

    Modern Physics Laboratory Dr. James E. Parks Director of Undergraduate Laboratories Physics 461 students. It provides hands-on experience with experiments in modern physics that are challenging courses, reference material and by asking questions. #12;C:\\Users\\JEParks\\Documents\\Modern Physics Lab

  12. Modern Physics Laboratory Dr. James E. Parks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dai, Pengcheng

    Modern Physics Laboratory Dr. James E. Parks Director of Undergraduate Laboratories Physics 461 students. It provides hands-on experience with experiments in modern physics that are challenging are in two categories. The first category, Category I, consists of the modern physics experiments

  13. PY313: Modern Physics Spring 2012

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goldberg, Bennett

    PY313: Modern Physics Spring 2012 Instructor and Class Information Instructor: Prof. Peter A. Zink: Physics 313 will examine the development of modern physics leading up to and including quantum mechanics for producing well-organized and clearly written engineering reports. Required Textbooks · Modern Physics

  14. Smart Interfaces superhydrophobe Oberflchen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kohlenbach, Ulrich

    forschen 24 Smart Interfaces ­ superhydrophobe Oberflächen Superhydrophobe, selbstreinigende-Silica-Hybridteilchen ermöglichen, lang- zeitstabile superhydrophobe Oberflächen einfach herzustellen. Smart Interfaces unten). Blattes runter. Neben der Struktur auf der Mikro- meter-Skala muss das Material, aus dem die

  15. Time Contortions in Modern Physics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. F. Kracklauer

    2002-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

    As a basis for epistemological study of ``time,'' we analyze three suspect phenomena introduced by modern physics: non-locality, asymmetric aging and advanced interaction. It is shown that all three arise in connection with what has to be taken as arbitrary ideosyncrasies in formulation. It is shown that minor changes result in internally consistent variations of both Quantum Mechanics and Special Relativity devoid of these phenomena. The reinterpretation of some experiments though to confirm the existence of non-locality and asymmetric aging is briefly considered and a possible test is proposed.

  16. SRS Interface Input

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Interface Input 1. MOA's: The contractor has no MOA's in effect at the Tritium Operations (SRTO) level. 2. AIP's: The contractor has no AIP's in effect at the SRTO level. 3....

  17. Human Factors Guidance for Control Room and Digital Human-System Interface Design and Modification, Guidelines for Planning, Specification, Design, Licensing, Implementation, Training, Operation and Maintenance

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    R. Fink, D. Hill, J. O'Hara

    2004-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Nuclear plant operators face a significant challenge designing and modifying control rooms. This report provides guidance on planning, designing, implementing and operating modernized control rooms and digital human-system interfaces.

  18. Principal Characteristics of a Modern Grid

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability MODERN GRID S T R A T E G Y AMI Demand Response Distribution Management Systems Advanced OMS Distribution Automation...

  19. Comparative economics: evolution and the modern economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vermeij, Geerat J.

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A comparison of primate economies. Journal of Bioeconomics,1999). Complexity and the economy. Science, 284, 107–109.evolution and the modern economy Ghabrial, A. S. , &

  20. Principal Characteristics of a Modern Grid

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Some Technical Challenges Symposium on Modeling & Control of Alternative Energy Systems Joe Miller - Modern Grid Team Lead April 2, 2009 1 Conducted by the National Energy...

  1. Principal Characteristics of a Modern Grid

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    is an essential component of the modern grid: IC creates a dynamic, interactive "mega-infrastructure" for real-time information and power exchange IC allows the various...

  2. Another Map, another History, another Modernity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chambers, Iain Michael

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Buck-Morss, Susan. Hegel, Haiti, and Universal History.Modernity Disavowed. Haiti and the Cultures of Slavery inbetween Hegel and Haiti, between European idealist

  3. Mold Heating and Cooling Pump Package Operator Interface Controls Upgrade

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Josh A. Salmond

    2009-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

    The modernization of the Mold Heating and Cooling Pump Package Operator Interface (MHC PP OI) consisted of upgrading the antiquated single board computer with a proprietary operating system to off-the-shelf hardware and off-the-shelf software with customizable software options. The pump package is the machine interface between a central heating and cooling system that pumps heat transfer fluid through an injection or compression mold base on a local plastic molding machine. The operator interface provides the intelligent means of controlling this pumping process. Strict temperature control of a mold allows the production of high quality parts with tight tolerances and low residual stresses. The products fabricated are used on multiple programs.

  4. Enterprise Modernization for Power Systems Quick Start Guide Enterprise Modernization Sandbox for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Enterprise Modernization for Power Systems ­ Quick Start Guide Enterprise Modernization Sandbox for Power Systems Quick Start Guide August, 2010 © 2010 IBM Corporation Page 1 of 45 #12;Enterprise Modernization for Power Systems ­ Quick Start Guide Purpose of the Quick Start Guide

  5. Managing Risk in the Modern World

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fenton, Norman

    Managing Risk in the Modern World Applications of Bayesian Networks A Knowledge Transfer Report By Norman Fenton and Martin Neil #12;13 MANAGING RISK IN THE MODERN WORLD Applications of Bayesian Networks of Agena, a company that specialises in risk management for critical systems. Norman is an Affiliated

  6. Modern hot water district heating

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Karnitz, M.A.; Barnes, M.H.; Kadrmas, C.; Nyman, H.O.

    1984-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The history of district heating in Europe is drastically different from that in the United States. The development of district heating in northern and eastern Europe started in the early 1950s. Hot water rather than steam was used as the transport medium and the systems have proven to be more economical. Recently, the northern European concept has been introduced into two US cities - St. Paul and Willmar, Minnesota. The hot water project in St. Paul started construction and operation in the summer and fall of 1983, respectively. The entire first phase of the St. Paul project will take two summers to construct and will connect approximately 80 buildings for a total of 150 MW(t). The system spans the entire St. Paul business district and includes privately owned offices and retail buildings, city and county government buildings, hospitals, the state Capitol complex, and several industrial customers. The City of Willmar, Minnesota, replaced an old steam system with a modern hot water system in the summer of 1982. The first phase of the hot water system was constructed in the central business district. The system serves a peak thermal load of about 10 MW(t) and includes about 12,000 ft of network. The Willmar system completed the second stage of development in the fall of 1983. These two new systems demonstrate the benefits of the low-temperature hot water district heating technology. The systems are economical to build, have high reliability, and have low maintenance and operating cost.

  7. Control problems for one-dimensional fluids and reactive fluids with moving interfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    . It is organized as follows. In Sec- tion 2, a Diesel oxidation catalyst for the automotive industry is con of a controlled interface, are discussed. 2 Diesel oxidation catalyst This introductory example comes from the automotive engine control world. On most modern diesel vehicles, the increasing requirements re- garding

  8. Interfaces Module March 28, 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rhoads, James

    the design solution for the physical interface o Kind of like a ConOps to the IRD · Explicitly identify

  9. Case Study - Minnesota Power - Accelerating Grid Modernization...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Power (MP) serves approximately 144,000 customers and manages almost 9,000 miles of power lines and over 160 substations. Grid modernization is a top corporate priority and...

  10. Principal Characteristics of a Modern Grid

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Electricity Initiative GridWise Alliance GridWise Architecture Council European SmartGrid Technology Platform 19 MODERN GRID S T R A T E G Y Questions? Office of Electricity...

  11. Principal Characteristics of a Modern Grid

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    decision making by agents vs. operator Moving to a more de-centralized model Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability MODERN GRID S T R A T E G Y 8 Culture Change A...

  12. Modern Languages and Literatures Undergraduate programs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Logan, David

    As a truly international, interconnected unit, the Department of Modern Languages and Literatures of- fers, Germany, Russia, Spain, or Mexico. If there is a program offered by another accredited univer- sity

  13. Principal Characteristics of a Modern Grid

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    PSC Missouri - Utility Meeting Joe Miller, Steve Pullins - Modern Grid Team January 9, 2008 1 Conducted by the National Energy Technology Laboratory Funded by the U.S. Department...

  14. Human-system Interfaces for Automatic Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    OHara, J.M.; Higgins,J. (BNL); Fleger, S.; Barnes V. (NRC)

    2010-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

    Automation is ubiquitous in modern complex systems, and commercial nuclear- power plants are no exception. Automation is applied to a wide range of functions including monitoring and detection, situation assessment, response planning, and response implementation. Automation has become a 'team player' supporting personnel in nearly all aspects of system operation. In light of its increasing use and importance in new- and future-plants, guidance is needed to conduct safety reviews of the operator's interface with automation. The objective of this research was to develop such guidance. We first characterized the important HFE aspects of automation, including six dimensions: levels, functions, processes, modes, flexibility, and reliability. Next, we reviewed literature on the effects of all of these aspects of automation on human performance, and on the design of human-system interfaces (HSIs). Then, we used this technical basis established from the literature to identify general principles for human-automation interaction and to develop review guidelines. The guidelines consist of the following seven topics: automation displays, interaction and control, automation modes, automation levels, adaptive automation, error tolerance and failure management, and HSI integration. In addition, our study identified several topics for additional research.

  15. Modern Normativity and the Politics of Deregulation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Trey, George A.

    MODERN NORMATIVITY AND THE POLITICS OF DEREGULATION GEORGE A. TREY Loyola University of Chicago Jucrgcn Habermas has recently made considerable strides in his understanding of the operations of late-capitalism and the types of political... will suggest several reasons why a de-regulated form of politics is in order given his account of the late modern condition. 1 will also briefly highlight the main features of this model. * Habermas utilizes a theory of social evolution that demarcates...

  16. Standard interface file handbook

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shapiro, A.; Huria, H.C. (Cincinnati Univ., OH (United States))

    1992-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This handbook documents many of the standard interface file formats that have been adopted by the US Department of Energy to facilitate communications between and portability of, various large reactor physics and radiation transport software packages. The emphasis is on those files needed for use of the VENTURE/PC diffusion-depletion code system. File structures, contents and some practical advice on use of the various files are provided.

  17. Virtual button interface

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Jones, Jake S. (Albuquerque, NM)

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An apparatus and method of issuing commands to a computer by a user interfacing with a virtual reality environment. To issue a command, the user directs gaze at a virtual button within the virtual reality environment, causing a perceptible change in the virtual button, which then sends a command corresponding to the virtual button to the computer, optionally after a confirming action is performed by the user, such as depressing a thumb switch.

  18. Virtual button interface

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Jones, J.S.

    1999-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

    An apparatus and method of issuing commands to a computer by a user interfacing with a virtual reality environment are disclosed. To issue a command, the user directs gaze at a virtual button within the virtual reality environment, causing a perceptible change in the virtual button, which then sends a command corresponding to the virtual button to the computer, optionally after a confirming action is performed by the user, such as depressing a thumb switch. 4 figs.

  19. Secretary Chu to Discuss Importance of Electric Grid Modernization...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Discuss Importance of Electric Grid Modernization to U.S. Competitiveness at Gridwise Global Forum Secretary Chu to Discuss Importance of Electric Grid Modernization to U.S....

  20. Department of Energy Announces Steps to Help Modernize Natural...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Department of Energy Announces Steps to Help Modernize Natural Gas Infrastructure Department of Energy Announces Steps to Help Modernize Natural Gas Infrastructure July 29, 2014 -...

  1. Factsheet: An Initiative to Help Modernize Natural Gas Transmission...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    An Initiative to Help Modernize Natural Gas Transmission and Distribution Infrastructure Factsheet: An Initiative to Help Modernize Natural Gas Transmission and Distribution...

  2. Emission Performance of Modern Diesel Engines Fueled with Biodiesel...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Emission Performance of Modern Diesel Engines Fueled with Biodiesel Emission Performance of Modern Diesel Engines Fueled with Biodiesel This study presents full quantification of...

  3. The particle-nuclear interface

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Close, F.E. (Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (USA)):(Tennessee Univ., Knoxville, TN (USA))

    1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper discusses the differences and similarities between modern nuclear physics and particle physics. Similarities are presented between QED and QCD. (LSP)

  4. Novel Nanostructured Interface Solution for Automotive Thermoelectric...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Nanostructured Interface Solution for Automotive Thermoelectric Modules Application Novel Nanostructured Interface Solution for Automotive Thermoelectric Modules Application...

  5. Web Browser Interface (WBUI)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over OurThe Iron SpinPrincetonUsing Maps1DOETHE FUTUREBrowser Interface (WBUI)

  6. Web Service Interface (API)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over OurThe Iron SpinPrincetonUsing Maps1DOETHE FUTUREBrowser Interface

  7. "This is a very important book that bridges the gap between modern atomic physics and modern

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nahar, Sultana Nurun

    "This is a very important book that bridges the gap between modern atomic physics and modern University Sultana N. Nahar, Ohio State University Bridging the gap between physics and astronomy, this is the first integrated graduate-level textbook on atomic astrophysics. It covers the basics of atomic physics

  8. Modern Physics and the Modern World Physics 427A David Thouless Winter 2008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thouless, David

    Modern Physics and the Modern World Physics 427A David Thouless Winter 2008 Introduction. 4. The neutron. This led to understanding of nuclear structure, to the discovery of nuclear fission, and to the prediction of neutron stars. 5. Nuclear resonance. This has provided an invaluable tool for the ex- ploration

  9. Human Reliability Analysis for Digital Human-Machine Interfaces

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ronald L. Boring

    2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper addresses the fact that existing human reliability analysis (HRA) methods do not provide guidance on digital human-machine interfaces (HMIs). Digital HMIs are becoming ubiquitous in nuclear power operations, whether through control room modernization or new-build control rooms. Legacy analog technologies like instrumentation and control (I&C) systems are costly to support, and vendors no longer develop or support analog technology, which is considered technologically obsolete. Yet, despite the inevitability of digital HMI, no current HRA method provides guidance on how to treat human reliability considerations for digital technologies.

  10. Laparoscopic simulation interface

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Rosenberg, Louis B.

    2006-04-04T23:59:59.000Z

    A method and apparatus for providing high bandwidth and low noise mechanical input and output for computer systems. A gimbal mechanism provides two revolute degrees of freedom to an object about two axes of rotation. A linear axis member is coupled to the gimbal mechanism at the intersection of the two axes of rotation. The linear axis member is capable of being translated along a third axis to provide a third degree of freedom. The user object is coupled to the linear axis member and is thus translatable along the third axis so that the object can be moved along all three degrees of freedom. Transducers associated with the provided degrees of freedom include sensors and actuators and provide an electromechanical interface between the object and a digital processing system. Capstan drive mechanisms transmit forces between the transducers and the object. The linear axis member can also be rotated about its lengthwise axis to provide a fourth degree of freedom, and, optionally, a floating gimbal mechanism is coupled to the linear axis member to provide fifth and sixth degrees of freedom to an object. Transducer sensors are associated with the fourth, fifth, and sixth degrees of freedom. The interface is well suited for simulations of medical procedures and simulations in which an object such as a stylus or a joystick is moved and manipulated by the user.

  11. Light Water Reactor Sustainability Program Operator Performance Metrics for Control Room Modernization: A Practical Guide for Early Design Evaluation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ronald Boring; Roger Lew; Thomas Ulrich; Jeffrey Joe

    2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    As control rooms are modernized with new digital systems at nuclear power plants, it is necessary to evaluate the operator performance using these systems as part of a verification and validation process. There are no standard, predefined metrics available for assessing what is satisfactory operator interaction with new systems, especially during the early design stages of a new system. This report identifies the process and metrics for evaluating human system interfaces as part of control room modernization. The report includes background information on design and evaluation, a thorough discussion of human performance measures, and a practical example of how the process and metrics have been used as part of a turbine control system upgrade during the formative stages of design. The process and metrics are geared toward generalizability to other applications and serve as a template for utilities undertaking their own control room modernization activities.

  12. Human-computer interface

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Anderson, Thomas G.

    2004-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

    The present invention provides a method of human-computer interfacing. Force feedback allows intuitive navigation and control near a boundary between regions in a computer-represented space. For example, the method allows a user to interact with a virtual craft, then push through the windshield of the craft to interact with the virtual world surrounding the craft. As another example, the method allows a user to feel transitions between different control domains of a computer representation of a space. The method can provide for force feedback that increases as a user's locus of interaction moves near a boundary, then perceptibly changes (e.g., abruptly drops or changes direction) when the boundary is traversed.

  13. MODERN DEVELOPMENTS IN MULTIPHASE FLOW & HEAT TRANSFER

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lahey, Richard T.

    MODERN DEVELOPMENTS IN MULTIPHASE FLOW & HEAT TRANSFER "ENGINEERING APPLICATIONS OF FRACTAL AND CHAOS THEORY" RICHARD T. LAHEY, JR. Center for Multiphase Research Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute Troy and multiphase flow & heat transfer will be stressed. This paper will begin by reviewing some important concepts

  14. Physics 15030401 Special Topics in Modern Physics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Randy

    Physics 15­030­401 Special Topics in Modern Physics Probability and Statistics for Physics Randy Johnson Summer, '96 Text Bevington and Robinson, Data Reduction and Error Analysis for the Physical Physics. Eardie, Drijard, James, Roos, and Sadoulet, Statistical Methods in Experimental Physics. Roe

  15. Medieval and Early Modern Events in Durham

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wirosoetisno, Djoko

    's Library (1669) on the UNESCO World Heritage site of Palace Green following a major restoration project exhibition of the Lindisfarne Gospels, and celebrate the rich resources of the city's historic libraries ­ Cosin's Library, the Cathedral Library, and the Library of Ushaw College. · Early Modern Catholicism

  16. High-Performance Design Patterns for Modern Fortran

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Haveraaen, Magne; Morris, Karla; Rouson, Damian; Radhakrishnan, Hari; Carson, Clayton

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper presents ideas for using coordinate-free numerics in modern Fortran to achieve code flexibility in the partial differential equation (PDE) domain. We also show how Fortran, over the last few decades, has changed to become a language well-suited for state-of-the-art software development. Fortran’s new coarray distributed data structure, the language’s class mechanism, and its side-effect-free, pure procedure capability provide the scaffolding on which we implement HPC software. These features empower compilers to organize parallel computations with efficient communication. We present some programming patterns that support asynchronous evaluation of expressions comprised of parallel operations on distributed data. We implemented thesemore »patterns using coarrays and the message passing interface (MPI). We compared the codes’ complexity and performance. The MPI code is much more complex and depends on external libraries. The MPI code on Cray hardware using the Cray compiler is 1.5–2 times faster than the coarray code on the same hardware. The Intel compiler implements coarrays atop Intel’s MPI library with the result apparently being 2–2.5 times slower than manually coded MPI despite exhibiting nearly linear scaling efficiency. As compilers mature and further improvements to coarrays comes in Fortran 2015, we expect this performance gap to narrow.« less

  17. Surface and Interface Control on Photochemically Initiated Immobilizat...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Interface Control on Photochemically Initiated Immobilization . Surface and Interface Control on Photochemically Initiated Immobilization . Abstract: Surface and interface...

  18. Modernism with style : history, culture and the origins of modern architecture in Berlin, 1780-1870

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hedrick, Christian A. (Christian Andrew)

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This dissertation traces the continual, but overlooked, impact of Islamic architecture on practicing architects in nineteenth-century Berlin. As such, it examines the origins of Modernism by considering design strategies ...

  19. Modern Art and Modern Movement: Images of Dance in American Art, c. 1900-1950

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stephens, JoLee Gillespie

    2011-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

    with an examination of Everett Shinn's, Louis Kronberg's, and Malvina Hoffman's depictions of European ballet dancers, such as Russian Anna Pavlova. Chapter two discusses images of Isadora Duncan, the mother of modern dance, created by Abraham Walkowitz, John Sloan...

  20. Geospatial Toolkits and Resource Maps for Selected Countries from the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL)

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    NREL developed the Geospatial Toolkit (GsT), a map-based software application that integrates resource data and geographic information systems (GIS) for integrated resource assessment. A variety of agencies within countries, along with global datasets, provided country-specific data. Originally developed in 2005, the Geospatial Toolkit was completely redesigned and re-released in November 2010 to provide a more modern, easier-to-use interface with considerably faster analytical querying capabilities. Toolkits are available for 21 countries and each one can be downloaded separately. The source code for the toolkit is also available. [Taken and edited from http://www.nrel.gov/international/geospatial_toolkits.html

  1. CollageMachine: Model of ``Interface Ecology''

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohri, Mehryar

    CollageMachine: Model of ``Interface Ecology'' By Andruid Kerne dissertation submitted partial addresses browsing creatively, been co­developed with the metadisciplinary framework interface ecology, in addition inside them, open process without definite bounds. a metadiscipline, interface ecology brings

  2. Novel fluctuations at constrained interfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abhishek Chaudhuri

    2006-01-25T23:59:59.000Z

    In this study we try to answer the qustion : What happens when explicit constraints are introduced such that the low energy, long wavelength modes of a system are unavailable ? This question has assumed some importance in recent years due to the advent of nano technology and the growing use of nanometer scale devices and structures. In a small system, the size limits the scale of the fluctuations and makes it imperative for us to understand how the response of the system is altered in such a situation. In this thesis, this question is answered for the special case of interfacial fluctuations in two dimensions (2d). The energy of an interface between two phases in equilibrium is invariant with respect to translations perpendicular to the plane (or line in 2d) of the interface. We study the consequence of breaking this symmetry explicity using an external field gradient. One expects that since low energy excitations are suppressed, the interface would be flat and inert at all times. We show that surprisingly there are novel fluctuations and phenomena associated with such constrained interfaces which have static as well as dynamic consequences. The Ising interface on a square lattice is shown to undergo a multitude of structural transitions as a function of velocity and the orientation. Liquid solid interfaces show coherent addition and removal of atomic layers providing novel mechanisms of stress relaxation in a nanosized single crystal without defects. We study momentum and energy transfer across the liquid solid interface in the presence of this ``layering'' transition.

  3. The Euler Legacy to Modern Physics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. Dattoli; M. Del Franco

    2010-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

    Particular families of special functions, conceived as purely mathematical devices between the end of XVIII and the beginning of XIX centuries, have played a crucial role in the development of many aspects of modern Physics. This is indeed the case of the Euler gamma function, which has been one of the key elements paving the way to string theories, furthermore the Euler-Riemann Zeta function has played a decisive role in the development of renormalization theories. The ideas of Euler and later those of Riemann, Ramanujan and of other, less popular, mathematicians have therefore provided the mathematical apparatus ideally suited to explore, and eventually solve, problems of fundamental importance in modern Physics. The mathematical foundations of the theory of renormalization trace back to the work on divergent series by Euler and by mathematicians of two centuries ago. Feynman, Dyson, Schwinger... rediscovered most of these mathematical "curiosities" and were able to develop a new and powerful way of looking at physical phenomena.

  4. FINAL REPORT - CENTER FOR GRID MODERNIZATION

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Markiewicz, Daniel R

    2008-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of the CGM was to develop high-priority grid modernization technologies in advanced sensors, communications, controls and smart systems to enable use of real-time or near real-time information for monitoring, analyzing and managing distribution and transmission grid conditions. The key strategic approach to carry out individual CGM research and development (R&D) projects was through partnerships, primarily with the GridApp™ Consortium utility members.

  5. Electron Spectrometer: XPS with Laser Interface | EMSL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    with Laser Interface Electron Spectrometer: XPS with Laser Interface This ultrahigh vacuum machine can be applied as a routine means for analyzing the structure and chemical...

  6. 4.602 Modern Art and Mass Culture, Spring 2004

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, Caroline

    This class provides an introduction to modern art and theories of modernism and postmodernism. It focuses on the way artists use the tension between fine art and mass culture to mobilize a critique of both. We will examine ...

  7. ancient history modern: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of Modern History at Oxford. It gives the regulations prescribing the content of the syllabus and the subjects for examination in the Final Honour School of Modern History in...

  8. Middleware in Modern High Performance Computing System Architectures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Engelmann, Christian

    Middleware in Modern High Performance Computing System Architectures Christian Engelmann, Hong Ong trend in modern high performance computing (HPC) system architectures employs "lean" compute nodes) continue to reside on compute nodes. Key words: High Performance Computing, Middleware, Lean Compute Node

  9. EA-1866: Modernization Planning at Argonne National Laboratory, Illinois

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This EA evaluates the environmental impacts of proposed modernization planning at Argonne National Laboratory in DuPage County, Illinois.

  10. JAPAN IN SYDNEY Professor sadler & modernism 192030s

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Viglas, Anastasios

    #12;1 JAPAN IN SYDNEY Professor sadler & modernism 1920­30s CUraTed BY aJioKa ChiaKi and maria in conjunction with the exhibition Japan in Sydney: Professor Sadler & modernism, 1920-30s University art gallery: Japan in sydney: Professor sadler & modernism, 1920-30s by ajioka Chiaki and maria (Connie) Tornatore

  11. Department of Humanities Advanced Certificate in Modern Language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Language and Area Study in French, German or Spanish must first complete the requirements: _____French (AFR) _____German (AGE) _____Spanish (ASP) I. Advanced Modern Language Seminar (3 credits required in Literature and Film ____ HU4291 Modern Language Seminar I ­ Spanish: Language and Power ____ HU4292 Modern

  12. Yoshio Nishina and the birth of modern physics in Japan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pázsit, Imre

    #12;1 Yoshio Nishina and the birth of modern physics in Japan Imre Pázsit in co in the development of modern physics in his home country. Nishina's scientific activity is very far-reaching, and besides the famous formula, he established accelerator based research and modern nuclear physics in Japan

  13. Symmetry and Relativity : From Classical Mechanics to Modern Particle Physics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Symmetry and Relativity : From Classical Mechanics to Modern Particle Physics Z.J. Ajaltouni to modern particle physics will be given and some open questions will be raised. Keywords: Symmetry that symmetry represents a methodology followed by Modern Physics in order to build coherent and successful

  14. MODERN MIRACLE MEDICAL MACHINES: PHYSICS INSTRUCTION FOR FUTURE MEDICAL STUDENTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zollman, Dean

    1 MODERN MIRACLE MEDICAL MACHINES: PHYSICS INSTRUCTION FOR FUTURE MEDICAL STUDENTS DEAN ZOLLMAN a complete change in the course is not likely. So we are trying to bring some modern physics in the context--not just at the end when modern physics is typically presented. #12;2 2 Physics Education Research

  15. Intermediate Modern Physics: PH 354 (UA) Spring Semester 2009

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Camata, Renato P.

    Intermediate Modern Physics: PH 354 (UA) Spring Semester 2009 Time and location: Tuesdays, (205) 348-3799 (Other times by appointment) Modern Physics for Scientists and Engineers Thornton & Rex: http://modern.physics.virginia.edu/Book/errata3.html Other Books and Resources Suggested: Quantum

  16. The fate of presentism in modern physics Christian Wuthrich

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wüthrich, Christian

    The fate of presentism in modern physics Christian W¨uthrich Forthcoming in Roberto Ciunti, Kristie of assessing the compatibility of presentism with various theories of modern physics, including both spacetime for representational purposes without imbuing them with physical existence. The vantage point of modern spacetime

  17. Interfacing to the Programmer's Apprentice

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pitman, Kent

    In this paper, we discuss the design of a user interface to the Knowledge Based Editor (KBE), a prototype implementation of the Programmer's Apprentice. Although internally quite sophisticated, the KBE hides most of its ...

  18. General Relativity at an interface

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Juan G. Diaz Ochoa

    2006-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

    In this work a simple toy model for a free interface between bulk phases in space and time is presented, derived from the balance equations for extensive thermodynamic variables of Meinhold-Heerlein. In this case the free interface represents geodesics in the space-time, allowing the derivation of the Einstein's equations for gravitational fields. The effect of the balance equation is examined and a simple expression for cold dark matter is derived. The thermodynamically meaning of this model is also discussed.

  19. 57EXTERNAL CONTROLS ON MODERN CLASTIC TURBIDITE SYSTEMS: THREE CASE STUDIES EXTERNAL CONTROLS ON MODERN CLASTIC TURBIDITE SYSTEMS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goldfinger, Chris

    57EXTERNAL CONTROLS ON MODERN CLASTIC TURBIDITE SYSTEMS: THREE CASE STUDIES EXTERNAL CONTROLS of controlling factors that combine to influence the development of modern turbidite systems, and how these vary ON MODERN CLASTIC TURBIDITE SYSTEMS: THREE CASE STUDIES C. HANS NELSON AND CARLOTA ESCUTIA Instituto Andaluz

  20. May 28, 2007 Middleware in Modern High Performance Computing System Architectures 1/20 Middleware in Modern High Performance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Engelmann, Christian

    May 28, 2007 Middleware in Modern High Performance Computing System Architectures 1/20 Middleware in Modern High Performance Computing System Architectures Christian Engelmann1,2, Hong Ong1, Stephen L 28, 2007 Middleware in Modern High Performance Computing System Architectures 2/20 Talk Outline

  1. Modern testing meets wide range of objectives

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ehlig-Economides, C.A.; Hegeman, P. (Schlumberger Oilfield Services, Houston, TX (United States)); Clark, G. (Schlumberger Oilfield Services, Aberdeen (United Kingdom))

    1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Testing sequences in two very different wells illustrate the wide range of objectives that are met with modern testing procedures. The first example is a drill stem test in an exploration well. The second test is in an established producing well. The exploration well test incorporated tubing-conveyed perforating, fluid sampling, production logging, and matrix stimulation to evaluate and properly treat near-well bore damage, as well as to investigate reservoir volume and characterize boundaries. The test on the established producer evaluated whether a workover could remedy lower than expected productivity. Production logging was combined with stationary transient measurements.

  2. Modern Quantum Technologies of Information Security

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Korchenko, Oleksandr; Gnatyuk, Sergiy

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In the paper systematization and classification of modern quantum technologies of the information security against cyber-terrorist attack are carried out. The characteristic of the basic directions of quantum cryptography from the viewpoint of used quantum technologies is given. The qualitative analysis of advantages and disadvantages of concrete quantum protocols is made. The current status of a problem of practical quantum cryptography using in telecommunication networks is considered. In particular, the short review of existing commercial systems of quantum key distribution is given.

  3. Modern topics in theoretical nuclear physics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. K. Jennings; A. Schwenk

    2006-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

    Over the past five years there have been profound advances in nuclear physics based on effective field theory and the renormalization group. In this brief, we summarize these advances and discuss how they impact our understanding of nuclear systems and experiments that seek to unravel their unknowns. We discuss future opportunities and focus on modern topics in low-energy nuclear physics, with special attention to the strong connections to many-body atomic and condensed matter physics, as well as to astrophysics. This makes it an exciting era for nuclear physics.

  4. Natural Gas Modernization Clearinghouse | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122Commercial602 1,39732onMake Your NextHowNQA-1.pdfLab DayModernization Clearinghouse

  5. IT Modernization Strategy | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYouTube YouTube Note: Since the.pdfBreaking of BlytheDepartment of Energy IRS Issues New TaxModernization

  6. Modernizing Public Transport Webinar | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer Plant JumpMarysville,Missoula, Montana: EnergyAnalysis ofDecker,Modernizing Public Transport

  7. Hybrid user interfaces : design guidelines and implementation examples

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ahn, Sehyun

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A hybrid user interface is a new type of computer user interface that achieves high usability by combining features of graphical user interfaces and command line interfaces. The main goal of a hybrid user interface is to ...

  8. PinBus Interface Design

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hammerstrom, Donald J.; Adgerson, Jewel D.; Sastry, Chellury; Pratt, Richard M.; Pratt, Robert G.

    2009-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

    On behalf of the U.S. Department of Energy, PNNL has explored and expanded upon a simple control interface that might have merit for the inexpensive communication of smart grid operational objectives (demand response, for example) to small electric end-use devices and appliances. The approach relies on bi-directional communication via the electrical voltage states of from one to eight shared interconnection pins. The name PinBus has been suggested and adopted for the proposed interface protocol. The protocol is defined through the presentation of state diagrams and the pins’ functional definitions. Both simulations and laboratory demonstrations are being conducted to demonstrate the elegance and power of the suggested approach. PinBus supports a very high degree of interoperability across its interfaces, allowing innumerable pairings of devices and communication protocols and supporting the practice of practically any smart grid use case.

  9. Multi-robot control interface

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bruemmer, David J. (Idaho Falls, ID); Walton, Miles C. (Idaho Falls, ID)

    2011-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

    Methods and systems for controlling a plurality of robots through a single user interface include at least one robot display window for each of the plurality of robots with the at least one robot display window illustrating one or more conditions of a respective one of the plurality of robots. The user interface further includes at least one robot control window for each of the plurality of robots with the at least one robot control window configured to receive one or more commands for sending to the respective one of the plurality of robots. The user interface further includes a multi-robot common window comprised of information received from each of the plurality of robots.

  10. Economies of Valuation and Desire: How New Deal Photography Made the Amish Modern

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bennett, Elizabeth Louise

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Modern By Elizabeth Louise Bennett A dissertation submittedModern by Elizabeth Louise Bennett Doctor of Philosophy in

  11. Fluorescent fluid interface position sensor

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Weiss, Jonathan D.

    2004-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

    A new fluid interface position sensor has been developed, which is capable of optically determining the location of an interface between an upper fluid and a lower fluid, the upper fluid having a larger refractive index than a lower fluid. The sensor functions by measurement, of fluorescence excited by an optical pump beam which is confined within a fluorescent waveguide where that waveguide is in optical contact with the lower fluid, but escapes from the fluorescent waveguide where that waveguide is in optical contact with the upper fluid.

  12. User interfaces to expert systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Agarwal, A.; Emrich, M.L.

    1988-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Expert Systems are becoming increasingly popular in environments where the user is not well versed in computers or the subject domain. They offer expert advice and can also explain their lines of reasoning. As these systems are applied to highly technical areas, they become complex and large. Therefore, User Systems Interfaces (USIs) become critical. This paper discusses recent technologies that can be applied to improved user communication. In particular, bar menus/graphics, mouse interfaces, touch screens, and voice links will be highlighted. Their applications in the context of SOFTMAN (The Software Manager Apprentice) a knowledge-based system are discussed. 18 refs., 2 figs.

  13. Technique for converting non-conforming hexahedral-to-hexahedral interfaces into conforming interfaces

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Staten, Matthew L.; Shepherd, Jason F.; Ledoux, Frank; Shimada, Kenji; Merkley, Karl G.; Carbonera, Carlos

    2013-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

    A technique for conforming an interface between a first mesh and a second mesh is disclosed. A first interface surface in the first mesh and a second interface surface in the second mesh residing along the interface are identified. The first and second interface surfaces are initially non-conforming along the interface. Chords within the first and second interface surfaces that fall within a threshold separation distance of each other are paired. Sheets having chords that reside within the first or second interface surfaces are recursively inserted into or extracted from one or both of the first and second meshes until all remaining chords within the first interface surface are paired with corresponding chords in the second interface surface and all remaining chords within the second interface surface are paired with corresponding chords in the first interface surface.

  14. Interface Compilation: Steps toward Compiling Program Interfaces as Languages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Engler, Dawson

    systems, programmers are limited to writing code, while the power to transform the code has been reserved Magik gives to programmers enables a broad class of optimization and code transformations. This paper's data structures and internally), operations on this state (defined by the interface's procedures

  15. Data Analysis in the Radio Astr 257: Modern Astronomical Techniques

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Cruz, University of

    ipython interface can run non-interactively via python scripts see CASA tutorials and cookbooks via nrao

  16. Cache Energy Optimization Techniques For Modern Processors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mittal, Sparsh [ORNL] ORNL

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Modern multicore processors are employing large last-level caches, for example Intel's E7-8800 processor uses 24MB L3 cache. Further, with each CMOS technology generation, leakage energy has been dramatically increasing and hence, leakage energy is expected to become a major source of energy dissipation, especially in last-level caches (LLCs). The conventional schemes of cache energy saving either aim at saving dynamic energy or are based on properties specific to first-level caches, and thus these schemes have limited utility for last-level caches. Further, several other techniques require offline profiling or per-application tuning and hence are not suitable for product systems. In this book, we present novel cache leakage energy saving schemes for single-core and multicore systems; desktop, QoS, real-time and server systems. Also, we present cache energy saving techniques for caches designed with both conventional SRAM devices and emerging non-volatile devices such as STT-RAM (spin-torque transfer RAM). We present software-controlled, hardware-assisted techniques which use dynamic cache reconfiguration to configure the cache to the most energy efficient configuration while keeping the performance loss bounded. To profile and test a large number of potential configurations, we utilize low-overhead, micro-architecture components, which can be easily integrated into modern processor chips. We adopt a system-wide approach to save energy to ensure that cache reconfiguration does not increase energy consumption of other components of the processor. We have compared our techniques with state-of-the-art techniques and have found that our techniques outperform them in terms of energy efficiency and other relevant metrics. The techniques presented in this book have important applications in improving energy-efficiency of higher-end embedded, desktop, QoS, real-time, server processors and multitasking systems. This book is intended to be a valuable guide for both newcomers and veterans in the field of cache power management. It will help graduate students, CAD tool developers and designers in understanding the need of energy efficiency in modern computing systems. Further, it will be useful for researchers in gaining insights into algorithms and techniques for micro-architectural and system-level energy optimization using dynamic cache reconfiguration. We sincerely believe that the ``food for thought'' presented in this book will inspire the readers to develop even better ideas for designing ``green'' processors of tomorrow.

  17. Modern Grid Initiative Distribution Taxonomy Final Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schneider, Kevin P.; Chen, Yousu; Chassin, David P.; Pratt, Robert G.; Engel, David W.; Thompson, Sandra E.

    2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This is the final report for the development of a toxonomy of prototypical electrical distribution feeders. Two of the primary goals of the Department of Energy's (DOE) Modern Grid Initiative (MGI) are 'to accelerate the modernization of our nation's electricity grid' and to 'support demonstrations of systems of key technologies that can serve as the foundation for an integrated, modern power grid'. A key component to the realization of these goals is the effective implementation of new, as well as existing, 'smart grid technologies'. Possibly the largest barrier that has been identified in the deployment of smart grid technologies is the inability to evaluate how their deployment will affect the electricity infrastructure, both locally and on a regional scale. The inability to evaluate the impacts of these technologies is primarily due to the lack of detailed electrical distribution feeder information. While detailed distribution feeder information does reside with the various distribution utilities, there is no central repository of information that can be openly accessed. The role of Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) in the MGI for FY08 was to collect distribution feeder models, in the SynerGEE{reg_sign} format, from electric utilities around the nation so that they could be analyzed to identify regional differences in feeder design and operation. Based on this analysis PNNL developed a taxonomy of 24 prototypical feeder models in the GridLAB-D simulations environment that contain the fundamental characteristics of non-urban core, radial distribution feeders from the various regions of the U.S. Weighting factors for these feeders are also presented so that they can be used to generate a representative sample for various regions within the United States. The final product presented in this report is a toolset that enables the evaluation of new smart grid technologies, with the ability to aggregate their effects to regional and national levels. The distribution feeder models presented in this report are based on actual utility models but do not contain any proprietary or system specific information. As a result, the models discussed in this report can be openly distributed to industry, academia, or any interested entity, in order to facilitate the ability to evaluate smart grid technologies.

  18. Control and regulation of modern distribution system, ForskEL...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    system, ForskEL (Smart Grid Project) Jump to: navigation, search Project Name Control and regulation of modern distribution system, ForskEL Country Denmark Coordinates...

  19. administration modernization act: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and Information Sciences Websites Summary: Modern Extensible Languages Daniel Zingaro October 2007 SQRL Report 47 McMaster University 12;Abstract Extensible languages are...

  20. Forensic dentistry solves modern crimes, unravels mysteries of...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    dentistry solves modern crimes, unravels mysteries of Salem Witch Trials, ancient Egypt Take a peek into the world of forensic dentistry at Jefferson Lab's Oct. 30 Fall...

  1. Emission Performance of Modern Diesel Engines Fueled with Biodiesel

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Emission Performance of Modern Diesel Engines Fueled with Biodiesel Aaron Williams, Jonathan Burton, Xin He and Robert L. McCormick National Renewable Energy Laboratory October 5,...

  2. Impact of Biodiesel on Modern Diesel Engine Emissions

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Impact of Biodiesel on Modern Diesel Engine Emissions Vehicle Technologies Program Merit Review - Fuels and Lubricants Technologies PI: Bob McCormick Presenter: Aaron Williams May...

  3. Kuali Financial System Implementation Collector Interface Meeting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stephens, Graeme L.

    Kuali Financial System Implementation Collector Interface Meeting December 17, 2008 Presenters of the Kuali Financial System (KFS) Collector Interface Format Differences from FRS Answer your questions #12 Collector File collector

  4. Advanced Power Electronic Interfaces for Distributed

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Advanced Power Electronic Interfaces for Distributed Energy Systems Part 2: Modeling, Development Electronic Interfaces for Distributed Energy Systems Part 2: Modeling, Development, and Experimental, and Experimental Evaluation of Advanced Control Functions for Single-Phase Utility-Connected Inverter S

  5. Atomistic modeling of dislocation-interface interactions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang, Jian [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Valone, Steven M [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Beyerlein, Irene J [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Misra, Amit [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Germann, T. C. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2011-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Using atomic scale models and interface defect theory, we first classify interface structures into a few types with respect to geometrical factors, then study the interfacial shear response and further simulate the dislocation-interface interactions using molecular dynamics. The results show that the atomic scale structural characteristics of both heterophases and homophases interfaces play a crucial role in (i) their mechanical responses and (ii) the ability of incoming lattice dislocations to transmit across them.

  6. Compacted Soil Liner Interface Strength Importance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Case Study Compacted Soil Liner Interface Strength Importance Timothy D. Stark, F.ASCE1 ; Hangseok interface is not the geomembrane (GM)/compacted low-permeability soil liner (LPSL) but a soil­soil interface placing the cover soil from bottom to top. DOI: 10.1061/(ASCE)GT.1943-5606 .0000556. © 2012 American

  7. Web Interfaces 1 Python Scripts in Browsers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Verschelde, Jan

    Web Interfaces 1 Python Scripts in Browsers the web server Apache processing forms with Python scripts Python code to write HTML 2 Web Interfaces for the Determinant dynamic interactive forms passing, 28 October 2013 Scientific Software (MCS 507 L-27) web interfaces 28 October 2013 1 / 42 #12;Web

  8. Comparing classical pathways and modern networks: towards the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gerstein, Mark

    the isolation of one pathway from another. Conversely, modern high-throughput (HTP) experiments offer. As more diverse types of HTP data become avail- able, both perspectives can be effectively merged between many proteins. Conver- sely, modern high-throughput (HTP) experiments and large-scale databases

  9. Department of Humanities Certificate in Modern Language and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Department of Humanities Certificate in Modern Language and Area Study CFR-French, CGE-German, CSP-Spanish French, German or Spanish must complete two years of the same modern language (12 credits) and three area (12 credits) Note: 6 credits must be from 3000 level French German Spanish __HU2271 Level I-A French

  10. 18 Science and the Modern World Steven Shapin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shapin, Steven

    18 Science and the Modern World Steven Shapin O Science Made the Modern World, and it's science then and whose obviousness has, if anything, become even more pronounced over time. Science continues to Make society, the knowledge economy--it's science that's understood to be their motive force. It's science

  11. A Qualitative Survey of Modern Software Transactional Memory Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scott, Michael L.

    A Qualitative Survey of Modern Software Transactional Memory Systems Virendra J. Marathe present a qualitative survey of modern STM systems that support dynamic transactions. More concretely, we management versus helping. This work was supported in part by NSF grants numbers EIA-0080124, CCR-9988361

  12. Adaptive Brain-Computer Interface Passive brain-computer interfaces are designed to use

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boetticher, Gary D.

    Adaptive Brain-Computer Interface Abstract Passive brain-computer interfaces are designed to use brain activity as an additional input, allowing the adaptation of the interface in real time according to the user's mental state. While most current brain computer interface research (BCI) is designed for direct

  13. Heat transfer in soft nanoscale interfaces: the influence of interface curvature

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kjelstrup, Signe

    Heat transfer in soft nanoscale interfaces: the influence of interface curvature Anders Lervik transient non-equilibrium molecular-dynamics simulations, heat-transfer through nanometer-scale interfaces processes. We show that the modeling of heat transfer across a nanodroplet/fluid interface requires

  14. Guidance for Human-system Interfaces to Automatic Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    O'Hara, J.M.; Higgins, J.; Stephen Fleger; Valerie Barnes

    2010-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

    Automation is ubiquitous in modern complex systems, and commercial nuclear- power plants are no exception. Automation is applied to a wide range of functions, including monitoring and detection, situation assessment, response planning, and response implementation. Automation has become a 'team player' supporting personnel in nearly all aspects of system operation. In light of its increasing use and importance in new- and future-plants, guidance is needed to conduct safety reviews of the operator's interface with automation. The objective of this research was to develop such guidance. We first characterized the important HFE aspects of automation, including six dimensions: Levels, functions, processes, modes, flexibility, and reliability. Next, we reviewed literature on the effects of all of these aspects of automation on human performance, and on the design of human-system interfaces (HSIs). Then, we used this technical basis established from the literature to identify general principles for human-automation interaction and to develop review guidelines. The guidelines consist of the following seven topics: Automation displays, interaction and control, automation modes, automation levels, adaptive automation, error tolerance and failure management, and HSI integration.

  15. Measuring energy savings for modernization projects

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cowan, J.D. [Cowan Quality Buildings, Toronto, Ontario (Canada); Schiller, S. [Schiller Associates, Oakland, CA (United States)]|[Schiller Associates, Boulder, OH (United States)

    1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Energy savings are often used to help finance a facility`s modernization program. The process of determining these savings has come under the microscope as facility owners often pay energy service companies based on savings measurements. Unfortunately, financiers and facility owners usually do not appreciate that determination of savings is an Art, subject to discretion. To them, savings are determined by accountants subtracting one year`s costs from another year`s costs. For those wishing to properly quantify avoided cost, engineering judgments must be added to this simplistic subtraction process. How do you measure something you don`t have? This is the challenge in measuring energy savings. The absence of energy use cannot be measured. However, energy savings can be determined indirectly, using measurements of the presence of energy use, engineering judgment and analysis. This article summarizes the state of the art in savings measurement, particularly as it may be applied by an energy service company (ESCO) in an energy performance contract.

  16. Federal Energy Resources Modernization Coordinating Committee

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Parker, G.B.

    1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report summarizes the broad range of activities that are focused on meeting the President's Executive Order on Federal Energy Management promulgated to meet energy savings goals and encourage more efficient management of all federal energy resources. These activities are reported semiannually under the auspices of the Federal Energy Resource Modernization (FERM) Coordinating Committee, and as such include activities undertaken from April 1, 1992, through September 30, 1992. The activities reported are classified into four major categories: (1) technology-base support, which includes development of processes, software, metering and monitoring equipment and strategies, and other tools for federal energy managers to better understand and characterize their energy resources; (2) federal energy systems testing and monitoring; (3) federal energy systems revitalization projects at federal installations in cooperation with the utilities serving the sites; and (4) energy supply, distribution and end-use conservation assessment for federal agencies and/or facilities. Lighting systems and air conditioning projects at federal facilities, especially military bases are updated.

  17. Water Dynamics at Rough Interfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Markus Rosenstihl; Kerstin Kämpf; Felix Klameth; Matthias Sattig; Michael Vogel

    2014-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

    We use molecular dynamics computer simulations and nuclear magnetic resonance experiments to investigate the dynamics of water at interfaces of molecular roughness and low mobility. We find that, when approaching such interfaces, the structural relaxation of water, i.e., the $\\alpha$ process, slows down even when specific attractive interactions are absent. This prominent effect is accompanied by a smooth transition from Vogel to Arrhenius temperature dependence and by a growing importance of jump events. Consistently, at protein surfaces, deviations from Arrhenius behavior are weak when free water does not exist. Furthermore, in nanoporous silica, a dynamic crossover of liquid water occurs when a fraction of solid water forms near 225 K and, hence, the liquid dynamics changes from bulk-like to interface-dominated. At sufficiently low temperatures, water exhibits a quasi-universal $\\beta$ process, which is characterized by an activation energy of $E_a\\!=\\!0.5$ eV and involves anisotropic reorientation about large angles. As a consequence of its large amplitude, the faster $\\beta$ process destroys essentially all orientational correlation, rendering observation of a possible slower $\\alpha$ process difficult in standard experiments. Nevertheless, we find indications for the existence of structural relaxation down to a glass transition of interfacial water near 185 K. Hydrated proteins show a highly restricted backbone motion with an amplitude, which decreases upon cooling and vanishes at comparable temperatures, providing evidence for a high relevance of water rearrangements in the hydration shell for secondary protein relaxations.

  18. Human-system Interfaces to Automatic Systems: Review Guidance and Technical Basis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    OHara, J.M.; Higgins, J.C.

    2010-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Automation has become ubiquitous in modern complex systems and commercial nuclear power plants are no exception. Beyond the control of plant functions and systems, automation is applied to a wide range of additional functions including monitoring and detection, situation assessment, response planning, response implementation, and interface management. Automation has become a 'team player' supporting plant personnel in nearly all aspects of plant operation. In light of the increasing use and importance of automation in new and future plants, guidance is needed to enable the NRC staff to conduct safety reviews of the human factors engineering (HFE) aspects of modern automation. The objective of the research described in this report was to develop guidance for reviewing the operator's interface with automation. We first developed a characterization of the important HFE aspects of automation based on how it is implemented in current systems. The characterization included five dimensions: Level of automation, function of automation, modes of automation, flexibility of allocation, and reliability of automation. Next, we reviewed literature pertaining to the effects of these aspects of automation on human performance and the design of human-system interfaces (HSIs) for automation. Then, we used the technical basis established by the literature to develop design review guidance. The guidance is divided into the following seven topics: Automation displays, interaction and control, automation modes, automation levels, adaptive automation, error tolerance and failure management, and HSI integration. In addition, we identified insights into the automaton design process, operator training, and operations.

  19. Plastic flow in solids with interfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anurag Gupta; David Steigmann

    2011-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

    A non-equilibrium theory of isothermal and diffusionless evolution of incoherent interfaces within a plastically deforming solid is developed. The irreversible dynamics of the interface are driven by its normal motion, incoherency (slip and misorientation), and an intrinsic plastic flow; and purely by plastic deformation in the bulk away from the interface. Using the continuum theory for defect distribution (in bulk and over the interface) we formulate a general kinematical framework, derive relevant balance laws and jump conditions, and prescribe a thermodynamically consistent constitutive/kinetic structure for interface evolution.

  20. Surface rheology and interface stability.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yaklin, Melissa A.; Cote, Raymond O.; Moffat, Harry K.; Grillet, Anne Mary; Walker, Lynn; Koehler, Timothy P.; Reichert, Matthew D. (Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA); Castaneda, Jaime N.; Mondy, Lisa Ann; Brooks, Carlton, F.

    2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We have developed a mature laboratory at Sandia to measure interfacial rheology, using a combination of home-built, commercially available, and customized commercial tools. An Interfacial Shear Rheometer (KSV ISR-400) was modified and the software improved to increase sensitivity and reliability. Another shear rheometer, a TA Instruments AR-G2, was equipped with a du Nouey ring, bicone geometry, and a double wall ring. These interfacial attachments were compared to each other and to the ISR. The best results with the AR-G2 were obtained with the du Nouey ring. A Micro-Interfacial Rheometer (MIR) was developed in house to obtain the much higher sensitivity given by a smaller probe. However, it was found to be difficult to apply this technique for highly elastic surfaces. Interfaces also exhibit dilatational rheology when the interface changes area, such as occurs when bubbles grow or shrink. To measure this rheological response we developed a Surface Dilatational Rheometer (SDR), in which changes in surface tension with surface area are measured during the oscillation of the volume of a pendant drop or bubble. All instruments were tested with various surfactant solutions to determine the limitations of each. In addition, foaming capability and foam stability were tested and compared with the rheology data. It was found that there was no clear correlation of surface rheology with foaming/defoaming with different types of surfactants, but, within a family of surfactants, rheology could predict the foam stability. Diffusion of surfactants to the interface and the behavior of polyelectrolytes were two subjects studied with the new equipment. Finally, surface rheological terms were added to a finite element Navier-Stokes solver and preliminary testing of the code completed. Recommendations for improved implementation were given. When completed we plan to use the computations to better interpret the experimental data and account for the effects of the underlying bulk fluid.

  1. Modern Outcomes of Inflammatory Breast Cancer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rehman, Sana [Department of Radiation Oncology, Taussig Cancer Institute, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, Ohio (United States) [Department of Radiation Oncology, Taussig Cancer Institute, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, Ohio (United States); Northeast Ohio Medical University, Rootstown, Ohio (United States); Reddy, Chandana A. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Taussig Cancer Institute, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, Ohio (United States)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, Taussig Cancer Institute, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, Ohio (United States); Tendulkar, Rahul D., E-mail: tendulr@ccf.org [Department of Radiation Oncology, Taussig Cancer Institute, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, Ohio (United States)

    2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: To report contemporary outcomes for inflammatory breast cancer (IBC) patients treated in the modern era of trastuzumab and taxane-based chemotherapy. Methods and Materials: We retrospectively reviewed the charts of 104 patients with nonmetastatic IBC treated between January 2000 and December 2009. Patients who received chemotherapy, surgery, and radiation therapy were considered to have completed the intended therapy. Kaplan-Meier curves estimated locoregional control (LRC), distant metastases-free survival (DMFS), and overall survival. Results: The median follow-up time was 34 months; 57 (55%) patients were estrogen receptor progesterone receptor (ER/PR) negative, 34 (33%) patients were human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (her2)/neu amplified, and 78 (75%) received definitive postoperative radiation. Seventy-five (72%) patients completed all of the intended therapy, of whom 67 (89%) received a taxane and 18/28 (64%) of her2/neu-amplified patients received trastuzumab. For the entire cohort, the 5-year rates of overall survival, LRC, and DMFS were 46%, 83%, and 44%, respectively. The ER/PR-negative patients had a 5-year DMFS of 39% vs. 52% for ER/PR-positive patients (p = 0.03). The 5-year DMFS for patients who achieved a pathologic complete response compared with those who did not was 83% vs. 44% (p < 0.01). Those patients who received >60.4 Gy (n = 15) to the chest wall had a 5-year LRC rate of 100% vs. 83% for those who received 45 to 60.4 Gy (n = 49; p = 0.048). On univariate analysis, significant predictors of DMFS included achieving a complete response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy (hazard ratio [HR] = 5.8; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.4-24.4; p = 0.02) and pathologically negative lymph nodes (HR = 4.1; 95% CI = 1.4-11.9; p < 0.01), but no factor was significant on multivariate analysis. Conclusions: For IBC patients, the rate of distant metastases is still high despite excellent local control, particularly for patients who received >60.4 Gy to the chest wall. Despite the use of taxanes and trastuzumab, outcomes remain modest, particularly for those with ER/PR-negative disease and those without a pathologic complete response.

  2. STS.003 The Rise of Modern Science, Spring 2005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, David S. (David Shumway)

    This course will study the development of modern science from the seventeenth century to the present, focusing on Europe and the United States. It will not focus on discoveries and their discoverers. Instead, it will ...

  3. The Modern Theory of the LOP and PPP: Some Implications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pippenger, John

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    MODERN THEORY OF THE LOP AND PPP: SOME IMPLICATIONS * John1) The relevance of PPP. (2) Tests for cointegration and3) Relative versus absolute PPP. (4) Border effects. (5)

  4. Method and computer program product for maintenance and modernization backlogging

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Mattimore, Bernard G; Reynolds, Paul E; Farrell, Jill M

    2013-02-19T23:59:59.000Z

    According to one embodiment, a computer program product for determining future facility conditions includes a computer readable medium having computer readable program code stored therein. The computer readable program code includes computer readable program code for calculating a time period specific maintenance cost, for calculating a time period specific modernization factor, and for calculating a time period specific backlog factor. Future facility conditions equal the time period specific maintenance cost plus the time period specific modernization factor plus the time period specific backlog factor. In another embodiment, a computer-implemented method for calculating future facility conditions includes calculating a time period specific maintenance cost, calculating a time period specific modernization factor, and calculating a time period specific backlog factor. Future facility conditions equal the time period specific maintenance cost plus the time period specific modernization factor plus the time period specific backlog factor. Other embodiments are also presented.

  5. Microsoft Word - Barriers to Achieving the Modern Grid_Final...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    our 21 st Century Economy V1.0 Barriers to Achieving the Modern Grid A declining infusion of new thought is occurring. The technical experience base of utilities is graying....

  6. Speculations About the Selective Basis for Modern Human Craniofacial Form

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lieberman, Daniel E.

    Speculations About the Selective Basis for Modern Human Craniofacial Form DANIEL E. LIEBERMAN. To name just a few of our unusual craniofacial apo- morphies, we are the only extant pri- mate

  7. Council on Environmental Quality - Steps to Modernize and Reinvigorate...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Report: Council on Environmental Quality - Steps to Modernize and Reinvigorate NEPA Abstract This page links to the...

  8. The Construction of Early Modernity in Spanish Film 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zarate Casanova, Miguel Angel

    2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

    The Construction of Early Modernity in Spanish Film. (August 2011) Miguel Angel Zarate Casanova, B.A. (Licenciatura), Complutense University at Madrid; M.A. (Diploma de Estudios Avanzados), Autonoma University at Madrid Chair of Advisory Committee: Dr. Richard K...

  9. Design space exploration and optimization using modern ship design tools

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, Adam T. (Adam Thomas)

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Modern Naval Architects use a variety of computer design tools to explore feasible options for clean sheet ship designs. Under the Naval Sea Systems Command (NAVSEA), the Naval Surface Warfare Center, Carderock Division ...

  10. STS.003 The Rise of Modern Science, Spring 2008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gerovitch, Slava

    This course studies the development of modern science from the seventeenth century to the present, focusing on Europe and the United States. Key questions include: What is science, and how is it done? How are discoveries ...

  11. 17.950 Understanding Modern Military Operations, Spring 2005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cote, Owen R., 1960-

    A proper understanding of modern military operations requires a prior understanding of both the material side of war, including especially weapon, sensor, communication, and information processing technologies, and the ...

  12. Local architectural identities within modernization context in southern China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhen, Lian Quan

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In the processing of modernization, local architecture identities are diminishing in Kaiping, my home county in Canton Province, China. This thesis is searching for new architectural features that are based on the local ...

  13. Optimization Online - Robust and Data-Driven Optimization: Modern ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dimitris Bertsimas

    2006-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

    May 12, 2006 ... Robust and Data-Driven Optimization: Modern Decision-Making Under ... The purpose of this tutorial is to present a mathematical framework that is well-suited to the limited information ... Visitors, Authors, More about us, Links.

  14. COMMERCIAL UTILITY PERSPECTIVES ON NUCLEAR POWER PLANT CONTROL ROOM MODERNIZATION

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jeffrey C. Joe; Ronald L. Boring; Julius J. Persensky

    2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Commercial nuclear power plants (NPPs) in the United States need to modernize their main control rooms (MCR). Many NPPs have done partial upgrades with some success and with some challenges. The Department of Energy’s (DOE) Light Water Reactor Sustainability (LWRS) Program, and in particular the Advanced Instrumentation and Controls (I&C) and Information Systems Technologies Research and Development (R&D) Pathway within LWRS, is designed to assist commercial nuclear power industry with their MCR modernization efforts. As part of this framework, a survey was issued to utility representatives of the LWRS Program Advanced Instrumentation, Information, and Control Systems/Technologies (II&C) Utility Working Group to obtain their views on a range of issues related to MCR modernization, including: drivers, barriers, and technology options, and the effects these aspects will have on concepts of operations, modernization strategies, and staffing. This paper summarizes the key survey results and discusses their implications.

  15. Politics and popular literature: Karl May and modern German history 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cook, Colleen

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    POLITICS AND POPULAR LITERATURE: KARL MAY AiVD MODERN GERMAN HISTORY A Thesis by COLLEEN COOK Approved as to style and content by: (Chairman of Commi. ttee) (Member) (Member) (Hea of Departm t) May 1981 1195359 ABSTRACT Politics... and Popular Literature: Karl May and Modern German History. (May 1981) Carol Colleen Cook, B. A. , University of Texas, at Austin; M. L. S. , University of Texas at Austin Chairman of Advisory Committee: Dr. Arnold Krammer The influence of popular...

  16. High Performance Thermal Interface Technology Overview

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R. Linderman; T. Brunschwiler; B. Smith; B. Michel

    2008-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

    An overview on recent developments in thermal interfaces is given with a focus on a novel thermal interface technology that allows the formation of 2-3 times thinner bondlines with strongly improved thermal properties at lower assembly pressures. This is achieved using nested hierarchical surface channels to control the particle stacking with highly particle-filled materials. Reliability testing with thermal cycling has also demonstrated a decrease in thermal resistance after extended times with longer overall lifetime compared to a flat interface.

  17. Flexible feature interface for multimedia sources

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Coffland, Douglas R. (Livermore, CA)

    2009-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

    A flexible feature interface for multimedia sources system that includes a single interface for the addition of features and functions to multimedia sources and for accessing those features and functions from remote hosts. The interface utilizes the export statement: export "C" D11Export void FunctionName(int argc, char ** argv,char * result, SecureSession *ctrl) or the binary equivalent of the export statement.

  18. Moment of Fluid Interface Reconstruction with Filaments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jemison, Matthew B. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2012-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

    A moving system made up of multiple fluids (e.g. air and water) may be defined by an evolving interface with a changing topology. MOF uses a piecewise linear interface reconstruction to numerically model deforming boundaries. Given a volume fraction V and reference centroid x for a material in cell {Omega}, we seek to find an interface {Gamma} that exactly captures V and minimizes error in x. This differs from Volume of Fluid methods.

  19. Readings in Common: Assimilation and Interpretive Authority in Early Modern Spain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kimmel, Seth Ross

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Practice in Early Modern Spain. Minneapolis: University of1993. Harvey, L. P. Muslims in Spain, 1500-1614. Chicago:of Religion in Early Modern Spain. Princeton: Princeton

  20. Building for Oil: Corporate Colonialism, Nationalism and Urban Modernity in Ahmadi, 1946-1992

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alissa, Reem IR

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    planning of Ahmadi as a “smart city” with its associatedAhmadi into a modern “smart city” in keeping with modern

  1. Smart Grid Newsletter ? The Regulators Role in Grid Modernization...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Title: "The Regulator's Role in Grid Modernization" Sponsor: The Modern Grid Strategy is a DOE-funded project conducted by the National Energy Technology Laboratory Leadership from...

  2. Driven Wild: How the Fight Against Automobiles Launched the Modern Wilderness Movement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sowards, Adam M.

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ubiquity of roads, automobiles, and consumerism that theWild: How the Fight Against Automobiles Launched the ModernWild: How the Fight Against Automobiles Launched the Modern

  3. Elastic Wave Behavior Across Linear Slip Interfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schoenberg, M.

    plane waves incident at arbitrary angles upon a plane linear slip interface are computed ... Also included in these sections is an analysis ... ish, Ut is of the form.

  4. Contested Material Interface Shows Mixing | EMSL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    EMSL, scientists from the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory and University College London have shown that intermixing occurs at the interface of two perovskites - lanthanum...

  5. Design and analysis of modern three-phase AC/AC power converters for AC drives and utility interface

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kwak, Sangshin

    2005-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

    to the lack of dc electrolytic capacitors, which is very vulnerable in high temperature. The converter also has a long lifetime with no limited-lifetime capacitors [13], [15]. A three-phase matrix converter is shown in Fig. 1.2. The converter configuration...

  6. L'appareil de l'architecture moderne : new materials and architectural modernity in France, 1889-1934

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Legault, Réjean

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This dissertation is an historical inquiry into the role played by new building materials in the formation of architectural modernism in France. It proceeds on the theoretical assumption that a "material" is not a technical ...

  7. Message Passing Interface for Python 1 the Message Passing Interface (MPI)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Verschelde, Jan

    Message Passing Interface for Python 1 the Message Passing Interface (MPI) MPI and MPI for Python, and gather processing numpy arrays 3 Probing for Messages nonblocking communications MCS 507 Lecture 38 L-38) MPI for Python 22 November 2013 1 / 37 #12;Message Passing Interface for Python 1 the Message

  8. The Toom Interface Via Coupling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nick Crawford; Wojciech de Roeck

    2015-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

    We consider a one dimensional interacting particle system which describes the effective interface dynamics of the two dimensional Toom model at low temperature and noise. We prove a number of basic properties of this model. First we consider the dynamics on a half open finite interval $[1, N)$, bounding the mixing time from above by $2N$. Then we consider the model defined on the integers. Due to infinite range interaction, this is a non-Feller process that we can define starting from product Bernoulli measures with density $p \\in (0, 1)$, but not from arbitrary measures. We show, under a modest technical condition, that the only possible invariant measures are those product Bernoulli measures. We further show that the unique stationary measure on $[-k, \\infty)$ converges weakly to a product Bernoulli measure on $\\Z$ as $k \\rightarrow \\infty$.

  9. Conduction at a ferroelectric interface

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Marshall, Matthew S. J.; Malashevich, Andrei; Disa, Ankit S.; Han, Myung-Guen; Chen, Hanghui; Zhu, Yimei; Ismail-Beigi, Sohrab; Walker, Frederick J.; Ahn, Charles H.

    2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Typical logic elements utilizing the field effect rely on the change in carrier concentration due to the field in the channel region of the device. Ferroelectric-field-effect devices provide a nonvolatile version of this effect due to the stable polarization order parameter in the ferroelectric. In this work, we describe an oxide/ oxide ferroelectric heterostructure device based on (001)-oriented PbZr??.?Ti?.?O?-LaNiO? where the dominant change in conductivity is a result of a significant mobility change in the interfacial channel region. The effect is confined to a few atomic layers at the interface and is reversible by switching the ferroelectric polarization. More interestingly,more »in one polarization state, the field effect induces a 1.7-eV shift of the interfacial bands to create a new conducting channel in the interfacial PbO layer of the ferroelectric.« less

  10. Conduction at a ferroelectric interface

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Marshall, Matthew S. J. [Yale Univ., New Haven, CT (United States); Malashevich, Andrei [Yale Univ., New Haven, CT (United States); Disa, Ankit S. [Yale Univ., New Haven, CT (United States); Han, Myung-Guen [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Chen, Hanghui [Yale Univ., New Haven, CT (United States); Zhu, Yimei [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Ismail-Beigi, Sohrab [Yale Univ., New Haven, CT (United States); Walker, Frederick J. [Yale Univ., New Haven, CT (United States); Ahn, Charles H. [Yale Univ., New Haven, CT (United States);

    2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Typical logic elements utilizing the field effect rely on the change in carrier concentration due to the field in the channel region of the device. Ferroelectric-field-effect devices provide a nonvolatile version of this effect due to the stable polarization order parameter in the ferroelectric. In this work, we describe an oxide/ oxide ferroelectric heterostructure device based on (001)-oriented PbZr??.?Ti?.?O?-LaNiO? where the dominant change in conductivity is a result of a significant mobility change in the interfacial channel region. The effect is confined to a few atomic layers at the interface and is reversible by switching the ferroelectric polarization. More interestingly, in one polarization state, the field effect induces a 1.7-eV shift of the interfacial bands to create a new conducting channel in the interfacial PbO layer of the ferroelectric.

  11. Glass Transition, Cooperativity and Interfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Salez, Thomas; Dalnoki-Veress, Kari; Raphaël, Elie; Forrest, James A

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We introduce a minimal theory of glass formation based on the physical ideas of molecular crowding and resultant cooperative motion, and address the effects of free interfaces on dynamics. First, we obtain a simple scaling expression for the diverging number of particles taking part in bulk cooperative relaxation as the system approaches kinetic arrest, and in doing so provide a robust derivation of the Adam and Gibbs description of cooperative dynamics. Then, by including thermal expansivity of the material, the Vogel-Fulcher-Tammann relation is derived. Moreover, we predict a temperature-dependent expression for the cooperative length $\\xi$ of bulk relaxation, and explore the influence of sample boundaries on the glassy dynamics when the system size becomes comparable to $\\xi$. The theory is in full agreement with measurements of the glass transition temperature of thin polystyrene films. This agreement comes with two adjustable parameters, the critical interparticle distance and the Vogel temperature. Alth...

  12. Interface dynamics for layered structures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Takao Ohta; David Jasnow

    1997-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate dynamics of large scale and slow deformations of layered structures. Starting from the respective model equations for a non-conserved system, a conserved system and a binary fluid, we derive the interface equations which are a coupled set of equations for deformations of the boundaries of each domain. A further reduction of the degrees of freedom is possible for a non-conserved system such that internal motion of each domain is adiabatically eliminated. The resulting equation of motion contains only the displacement of the center of gravity of domains, which is equivalent to the phase variable of a periodic structure. Thus our formulation automatically includes the phase dynamics of layered structures. In a conserved system and a binary fluid, however, the internal motion of domains turns out to be a slow variable in the long wavelength limit because of concentration conservation. Therefore a reduced description only involving the phase variable is not generally justified.

  13. Nanofluidics, from bulk to interfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lyderic Bocquet; Elisabeth Charlaix

    2009-09-03T23:59:59.000Z

    Nanofluidics has emerged recently in the footsteps of microfluidics, following the quest of scale reduction inherent to nanotechnologies. By definition, nanofluidics explores transport phenomena of fluids at the nanometer scales. Why is the nanometer scale specific ? What fluid properties are probed at nanometric scales ? In other words, why 'nanofluidics' deserves its own brand name ? In this critical review, we will explore the vast manifold of length scales emerging for the fluid behavior at the nanoscales, as well as the associated mechanisms and corresponding applications. We will in particular explore the interplay between bulk and interface phenomena. The limit of validity of the continuum approaches will be discussed, as well as the numerous surface induced effects occuring at these scales, from hydrodynamic slippage to the various electro-kinetic phenomena originating from the couplings between hydrodynamics and electrostatics. An enlightening analogy between ion transport in nanochannels and transport in doped semi-conductors will be discussed.

  14. A simple OASIS interface E. Maisonnave

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A simple OASIS interface for CESM E. Maisonnave TR/CMGC/11/63 #12;#12;Index Strategy............................................................................................. 7 Annex 1: OASIS3 interface implementation on CESM..................................... 9 Annex 2. Taking advantage of the IS-ENES OASIS Dedicated User Support program, a COSMO/CLM coupling framework has

  15. OASIS4 coupling interface implementation on ETHZ'

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    OASIS4 coupling interface implementation on ETHZ' land-atmosphere coupled model E. Maisonnave WN 9 2010 at ETH, Zürich(Switzerland), I implement and validate an OASIS4 interface for a regional) and a land scheme (CLM, NCAR) model have been coupled with OASIS4, at low resolution on a MPP scalar machine

  16. Internal and Interface Shear Strength of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zornberg, Jorge G.

    1 Internal and Interface Shear Strength of Geosynthetic Clay Liners (GCLs): Additional Data by John Liners (GCLs): Additional Data Geosynthetic Clay Liners (GCLs) are prefabricated geocomposite materials., Zornberg, Jorge G., and Swan, Jr., Robert H. Internal and Interface Shear Strength of Geosynthetic Clay

  17. Model Checking User Interfaces Abigail Cauchi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pace, Gordon J.

    Model Checking User Interfaces Abigail Cauchi Dept of Computer Science University of Malta acau0004@um.edu.mt Gordon Pace Dept of Computer Science University of Malta gordon.pace@um.edu.mt Sandro Spina Dept of Computer Science University of Malta sandro.spina@um.edu.mt Abstract User interfaces

  18. Intelligent interface for design and simulation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Draisin, W.; Peter, E.

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We are developing a system composed of intelligent interfaces, expert systems, and databases that uses artificial intelligence techniques to simplify the use of large simulation codes and to help design complicated physical devices. The simulation codes are used in analyzing and designing weapons, and the devices are themselves parts of weapon systems. From a designer's point of view, the simulation process is the same no matter what is being simulated. In the course of developing two intelligent interfaces for the design of nuclear weapons, we have found that data-driven programming is a useful technique for implementing an open-ended user interface to assist the designer. We discuss the simulation process as it is done now and as it could be done with intelligent interfaces. We then discuss the use of data-driven programming in a database environment to support an interface for an arbitrary number of simulation codes. 3 figs.

  19. Large, noisy, and incomplete : mathematics for modern biology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baym, Michael Hartmann

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In recent years there has been a great deal of new activity at the interface of biology and computation. This has largely been driven by the massive in flux of data from new experimental technologies, particularly ...

  20. Novel method for the prediction of an interface bonding species at alumina/metal interfaces

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yoshitake, Michiko, E-mail: yoshitake.michiko@nims.go.jp; Yagyu, Shinjiro [National Institute for Materials Science, 3-13, Sakura, Tsukuba 305-0003 (Japan); Chikyow, Toyohiro [National Institute for Materials Science, 1-1, Namiki, Tsukuba 305-0044 (Japan)

    2014-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Interface bonding between alumina and various metals is discussed from the viewpoint of chemical thermodynamics. A method to predict the interface bonding species at an alumina/metal interface under equilibrium conditions is proposed by using the concept of chemical equilibrium for interface termination. The originality of this method is in the way a simple estimation of the interface binding energy, which is generally applicable to most metals, is developed. The effectiveness of this method is confirmed by careful examination of the experimental results. Comparison of the predicted and experimentally observed interface terminations reveals that the proposed method agrees well with the reported results. The method uses only basic quantities of pure elements and the formation enthalpy of oxides. Therefore, it can be applied to most metals in the periodic table and is useful for screening materials in the quest to develop interfaces with particular functions.

  1. Thermodynamic and morphological transitions in crystalline and soft material interfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tang, Ming, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Interfaces are defects present in all materials. Interface transitions are characterized by abrupt changes in interface structure, chemistry and/or morphology under suitable conditions. They exist in many material systems ...

  2. Direct Manipulation for Comprehensible, Predictable and Controllable User Interfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Golbeck, Jennifer

    Direct Manipulation for Comprehensible, Predictable and Controllable User Interfaces Ben that are comprehensible, predictable and controllable. Direct manipulation interfaces are seen as more likely candidates Research University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742 Abstract: Direct manipulation user interfaces have

  3. Improved performance of railcar/rail truck interface components

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Story, Brett Alan

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of this research is to improve the railcar/rail truck interface by developing a low maintenance bearing interface with a favorable friction coefficient. Friction and wear at the center bowl/center plate bearing interface cause high...

  4. Improved performance of railcar/rail truck interface components 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Story, Brett Alan

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of this research is to improve the railcar/rail truck interface by developing a low maintenance bearing interface with a favorable friction coefficient. Friction and wear at the center bowl/center plate bearing interface cause high...

  5. Capillary migration of microdisks on curved interfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lu Yao; Nima Sharifi-Mood; Iris B. Liu; Kathleen J. Stebe

    2014-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

    The capillary energy landscape for particles on curved fluid interfaces is strongly influenced by the particle wetting conditions. Contact line pinning has now been widely reported for colloidal particles, but its implications in capillary interactions have not been addressed. Here, we present experiment and analysis for disks with pinned contact lines on curved fluid interfaces. In experiment, we study microdisk migration on a host interface with zero mean curvature; the microdisks have contact lines pinned at their sharp edges and are sufficiently small that gravitational effects are negligible. The disks migrate away from planar regions toward regions of steep curvature with capillary energies inferred from the dissipation along particle trajectories which are linear in the deviatoric curvature. We derive the curvature capillary energy for an interface with arbitrary curvature, and discuss each contribution to the expression. By adsorbing to a curved interface, a particle eliminates a patch of fluid interface and perturbs the surrounding interface shape. Analysis predicts that perfectly smooth, circular disks do not migrate, and that nanometric deviations from a planar circular, contact line, like those around a weakly roughened planar disk, will drive migration with linear dependence on deviatoric curvature, in agreement with experiment.

  6. PFP Interface identification and management planning guide

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    SINCLAIR, J.C.

    1999-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of-this planning guide is to present the process used to identify, document, and control PFP Stabilization and Deactivation Project interfaces. Revisions to this document will include, as attachments, the most recent version of the Project Interface Management List. A preliminary Interface Management List is included in Appendix A. This document is intended be a Project owned management tool. As such, this document will periodically require revisions resulting from improvements of the information, processes, and techniques as now described. For most revisions that suggest improved processes, PFP management approval is all that will be required.

  7. Electrode/electrolyte interface. A status report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bard, A.J. (Univ. of Texas, Austin (United States)); Abruna, H.D. (Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY (United States)); Chidsey, C.E. (Stanford Univ., CA (United States)); Faulkner, L.R. (Univ. of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign (United States)); Feldberg, S.W. (Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States)); Itaya, Kingo (Tohoku Univ., Sendai (Japan)); Majda, M. (Univ. of California, Berkeley (United States)); Melroy, O. (IBM Almaden Research Center, San Jose, CA (United States)); Murray, R.W. (Univ. of North Carolina, Chapel Hill (United States)); Porter, M.D. (Iowa State Univ., Ames (United States)); Soriaga, M.P. (Texas A M Univ., College Station (United States)); White, H.S. (Univ. of Utah, Salt Lake City (United States))

    1993-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

    This is a report of a workshop on the [open quotes]state of the art[close quotes] and potential future directions in the study of the electrode/electrolyte interface. Recent advances in experimental capabilities of characterizing the structure of the interface, e.g., through the use of such techniques as scanning tunneling microscopy and X-ray methods, are described. New approaches to studies of interfacial dynamics and materials aspects of the electrode/electrolyte interface are also discussed. 346 refs., 17 figs.

  8. Ionic Liquid-Enhanced Solid State Electrolyte Interface (SEI...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Liquid-Enhanced Solid State Electrolyte Interface (SEI) for Lithium Sulfur Batteries. Ionic Liquid-Enhanced Solid State Electrolyte Interface (SEI) for Lithium Sulfur Batteries....

  9. SVG for Automotive User Interfaces Dr. Sbastien Boisgrault

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    ................................................................................................................. 1 EDONA and Human-Machine Interface Design for the Automotive Industry1 SVG for Automotive User Interfaces Dr. Sébastien Boisgérault .................................................................................................... 7 SVG standards for automotive HMI modeling

  10. Water Structure at Hematite-Water Interfaces. | EMSL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Structure at Hematite-Water Interfaces. Water Structure at Hematite-Water Interfaces. Abstract: The atomic-level structure of water at mineral surfaces is an important controlling...

  11. Integration of Advanced Materials and Interfaces for Durable...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Advanced Materials and Interfaces for Durable Thermoelectric Automobile Exhaust Waste Heat Harvesting Devices Integration of Advanced Materials and Interfaces for Durable...

  12. Interface-induced magnetism in perovskite quantum wells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jackson, Clayton A; Stemmer, Susanne

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    INTERFACE-INDUCED MAGNETISM IN PEROVSKITE . . . PHYSICALR) (2013) Interface-induced magnetism in perovskite quantumelectron gases, and magnetism can all be found in a single

  13. Advanced Thermal Interface Materials (TIMs) for Power Electronics...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Interface Materials (TIMs) for Power Electronics Advanced Thermal Interface Materials (TIMs) for Power Electronics 2009 DOE Hydrogen Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual...

  14. Is the Calcite-Water Interface Understood? Direct Comparisons...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Is the Calcite-Water Interface Understood? Direct Comparisons of Molecular Dynamics Simulations with Specular X-ray Reflectivity Is the Calcite-Water Interface Understood? Direct...

  15. Emergent Phenomena at Oxide Interfaces

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hwang, H.Y.

    2012-02-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Transition metal oxides (TMOs) are an ideal arena for the study of electronic correlations because the s-electrons of the transition metal ions are removed and transferred to oxygen ions, and hence the strongly correlated d-electrons determine their physical properties such as electrical transport, magnetism, optical response, thermal conductivity, and superconductivity. These electron correlations prohibit the double occupancy of metal sites and induce a local entanglement of charge, spin, and orbital degrees of freedom. This gives rise to a variety of phenomena, e.g., Mott insulators, various charge/spin/orbital orderings, metal-insulator transitions, multiferroics, and superconductivity. In recent years, there has been a burst of activity to manipulate these phenomena, as well as create new ones, using oxide heterostructures. Most fundamental to understanding the physical properties of TMOs is the concept of symmetry of the order parameter. As Landau recognized, the essence of phase transitions is the change of the symmetry. For example, ferromagnetic ordering breaks the rotational symmetry in spin space, i.e., the ordered phase has lower symmetry than the Hamiltonian of the system. There are three most important symmetries to be considered here. (i) Spatial inversion (I), defined as r {yields} -r. In the case of an insulator, breaking this symmetry can lead to spontaneous electric polarization, i.e. ferroelectricity, or pyroelectricity once the point group belongs to polar group symmetry. (ii) Time-reversal symmetry (T) defined as t {yields} -t. In quantum mechanics, the time-evolution of the wave-function {Psi} is given by the phase factor e{sup -iEt/{h_bar}} with E being the energy, and hence time-reversal basically corresponds to taking the complex conjugate of the wave-function. Also the spin, which is induced by the 'spinning' of the particle, is reversed by time-reversal. Broken T-symmetry is most naturally associated with magnetism, since the spin operator changes sign with T-operation. (iii) Gauge symmetry (G), which is associated with a change in the phase of the wave-function as {Psi} {yields} e{sup i{theta}}{Psi}. Gauge symmetry is connected to the law of charge conservation, and broken G-symmetry corresponds to superconductivity/superfluidity. To summarize, the interplay among these electronic degrees of freedom produces various forms of symmetry breaking patterns of I, T, and G, leading to novel emergent phenomena, which can appear only by the collective behavior of electrons and cannot be expected from individual electrons. Figure 1 shows this schematically by means of several representative phenomena. From this viewpoint, the interfaces of TMOs offer a unique and important laboratory because I is already broken by the structure itself, and the detailed form of broken I-symmetry can often be designed. Also, two-dimensionality usually enhances the effects of electron correlations by reducing their kinetic energy. These two features of oxide interfaces produce many novel effects and functions that cannot be attained in bulk form. Given that the electromagnetic responses are a major source of the physical properties of solids, and new gauge structures often appear in correlated electronic systems, we put 'emergent electromagnetism' at the center of Fig. 1.

  16. High Integrity Can Design Interfaces

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shaber, E.L.

    1998-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The National Spent Nuclear Fuel Program is chartered with facilitating the disposition of DOE-owned spent nuclear fuel to allow disposal at a geologic repository. This is done through coordination with the repository program and by assisting DOE Site owners of SNF with needed information, standardized requirements, packaging approaches, etc. The High Integrity Can (HIC) will be manufactured to provide a substitute or barrier enhancement for normal fuel geometry and cladding. The can would be nested inside the DOE standardized canister which is designed to interface with the repository waste package. The HIC approach may provide the following benefits over typical canning approaches for DOE SNF. (a) It allows ready calculation and management of criticality issues for miscellaneous. (b) It segments and further isolates damaged or otherwise problem materials from normal SNF in the repository package. (c) It provides a very long term corrosion barrier. (d) It provides an extra internal pressure barrier for particulates, gaseous fission products, hydrogen, and water vapor. (e) It delays any potential release of fission products to the repository environment. (f) It maintains an additional level of fuel geometry control during design basis accidents, rock-fall, and seismic events. (g) When seal welded, it could provide the additional containment required for shipments involving plutonium content in excess of 20 Ci. (10 CFR 71.63.b) if integrated with an appropriate cask design. Long term corrosion protection is central to the HIC concept. The material selected for the HIC (Hastelloy C-22) has undergone extensive testing for repository service. The most severe theoretical interactions between iron, repository water containing chlorides and other repository construction materials have been tested. These expected chemical species have not been shown capable of corroding the selected HIC material. Therefore, the HIC should provide a significant barrier to DOE SNF dispersal long after most commercial SNF has degraded and begun moving into the repository environment.

  17. HTST 413.02 Modern Germany: 1870-Present

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Habib, Ayman

    HTST 413.02 Modern Germany: 1870-Present Summer 2012 MW 12:00-14:45 Instructor: Mikkel Dack Two - German history is anything but dull. Historically, Germany has been a country torn between the political and the Holocaust; Allied occupation; the division of Germany; the GDR and the German communist ideal

  18. Submodular Minimization in the Context of Modern LP and MILP ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2015-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

    we consider the use of modern MILP solvers such as Gurobi for solving SM prob- lems as 0-1 integer ..... that controls the focus on proving optimality of the given MILP. ..... Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems (NIPS), pp. 460–8

  19. UPDATE ON THE MODERN TREATMENT OF HYPERTENSION IN PATIENTS WITH

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oliver, Douglas L.

    UPDATE ON THE MODERN TREATMENT OF HYPERTENSION IN PATIENTS WITH CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE Antihypertensive Therapy in Cardiovascular Disease The management of the high-risk patient with hypertension has mellitus. Numerous clinical trials in tens of thousands of hypertensive patients with increased

  20. Spain and the Bologna Plan: A Modern Day

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New Hampshire, University of

    Spain and the Bologna Plan: A Modern Day Controversy By: Danielle Vasan Communication of Privatization #12;Higher Education in Spain before Bologna 1983: Three-cycled degree system Diplomado (3-5 years) Licenciado (1-2 years) Doctor (3 years & Thesis) #12;Higher Education in Spain Today Graduado

  1. 2015 Pearson Education, Inc. Chapter 3 Earth's Modern Atmosphere

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pan, Feifei

    contact with high energy solar radiation · Thermopause is at 480km · High temperature, but not "hot--composition, temperature, and function. · List and describe the components of the modern atmosphere, giving their relative%), and others (1%). · Variable Gases: Water Vapor (H2O) (0 to 4%), CO2 (0.038%). · 4Less: Odorless, Colorless

  2. Phylogenetics of modern birds in the era of genomics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edwards, Scott

    Review Phylogenetics of modern birds in the era of genomics Scott V. Edwards*, W. Bryan Jennings and maturation of the genomics era, the completion of the chicken genome and a suite of technologies that promise genomics strategies, including adoption of objective quality scores for sequence data, analysis

  3. Washington University Can the Sound Generated by Modern Wind Turbines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Salt, Alec N.

    Washington University Can the Sound Generated by Modern Wind Turbines Affect the Health of Those turbines haveWind turbines have been getting biggerbeen getting bigger and bigger....and bigger.... Lars Needs Wind turbines are "green" and areWind turbines are "green" and are contributing to our energy

  4. MODERN INTRUSION DETECTION, DATA MINING, AND DEGREES OF ATTACK GUILT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Noel, Steven

    MODERN INTRUSION DETECTION, DATA MINING, AND DEGREES OF ATTACK GUILT Steven Noel Center for Secure, with a particular emphasis on the emerging approach of data mining. The discussion parallels two important aspects security, Intrusion detection, data mining 1. Introduction The goal of intrusion detection is to discover

  5. An extreme cytoplasmic bottleneck in the modern European cultivated potato

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Provan, Jim

    An extreme cytoplasmic bottleneck in the modern European cultivated potato (Solanum tuberosum and nuclear diversity in the gene pool of the European cultivated potato (Solanum tuberosum ssp. tuberosum to amplify polymorphic products in a range of potato cultivars. Combining the data from seven polymorphic cp

  6. Activity based interfaces in online social networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laraqui, Jawad

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The goal of the project is to explore how activity-based interfaces can create more meaningful experiences for the users and builders of online social networking sites. Medina, a social-networking site based on the idea ...

  7. Autonomous pedestrian interfaces for community networking

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bonanni, Leonardo Amerigo, 1977-

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Efforts to bridge the digital divide have concentrated on community computer centers dependent on subsidy and constant supervision. This thesis considers the design of public digital interfaces that are physically and ...

  8. Film bonded fuel cell interface configuration

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kaufman, Arthur (West Orange, NJ); Terry, Peter L. (Chatham, NJ)

    1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The present invention relates to improved elements for use in fuel cell stacks, and more particularly, to a stack having a corrosion-resistant, electrally conductive, fluid-impervious interface member therein.

  9. Electrical interfaces for electromechanical and energy systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chaney, Rachel M

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The design, construction, and testing of a versatile robot driver circuit is described. The printed circuit board produced can be used as an interface between any two-motor robot and the R31-JP, an eight-bit microcontroller ...

  10. Vibrational sum frequency study on biological interfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lim, Soon Mi

    2009-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

    , which is related to molecular orientation. Since the polarizabilities of molecules in bulk phase will be canceled out, a sum frequency signal can only be generated from interfaces where the inversion symmetry is broken. Because of its interfacial...

  11. From corrosion to batteries: Electrochemical interface studies...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    From corrosion to batteries: Electrochemical interface studies Thursday, October 18, 2012 - 11:00am SSRL, Bldg. 137, Rm 226 Dr. Frank Uwe Renner Max-Planck-Institut fr...

  12. BE 780: Brain Machine Interfaces Spring 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vajda, Sandor

    BE 780: Brain Machine Interfaces Spring 2013 Instructor: Jason Ritt the readings for an assigned class. Homework 30% Mid-semester Report 30, code, or files of any kind. Reports and final projects must

  13. Engineering nanocarbon interfaces for electron transfer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hilmer, Andrew J. (Andrew Joseph)

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Electron-transfer reactions at nanometer-scale interfaces, such as those presented by single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs), are important for emerging optoelectronic and photovoltaic technologies. Electron transfer also ...

  14. GSS, a user interface specification framework

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Morris, John Graham

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    composite of four boxes. 24 Figure 7. A congguration set of three advisory lights, 25 Figure 8. Three airplane icon template example. 26 Figurc 9. Image abstraction manipulation. Figure 10. Rotation about a moving origin. Figure 11. A Symbolic's dynamic... in terms of the small set of con- cepts which make up the ontology. So far, duce issues have been addressed which relate to concept development for a user inter- face ontology: 15 ~ a methodology, ~ gross user interface behavior, ~ user interface...

  15. Comparison of methods to quantify interface trap densities at dielectric/IIIV semiconductor interfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stemmer, Susanne

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    high-k/III-V interface. 2 Meth- ods to determine the D it ofand capacitance based meth- ods. The dopant concentration

  16. NREL's Controllable Grid Interface for Testing Renewable Energy Technologies (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gevorgian, V.

    2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This presentation is an overview of NREL's Controllable Grid Interface capabilities for testing renewable energy technologies.

  17. An interface tracking model for droplet electrocoalescence.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Erickson, Lindsay Crowl

    2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report describes an Early Career Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) project to develop an interface tracking model for droplet electrocoalescence. Many fluid-based technologies rely on electrical fields to control the motion of droplets, e.g. microfluidic devices for high-speed droplet sorting, solution separation for chemical detectors, and purification of biodiesel fuel. Precise control over droplets is crucial to these applications. However, electric fields can induce complex and unpredictable fluid dynamics. Recent experiments (Ristenpart et al. 2009) have demonstrated that oppositely charged droplets bounce rather than coalesce in the presence of strong electric fields. A transient aqueous bridge forms between approaching drops prior to pinch-off. This observation applies to many types of fluids, but neither theory nor experiments have been able to offer a satisfactory explanation. Analytic hydrodynamic approximations for interfaces become invalid near coalescence, and therefore detailed numerical simulations are necessary. This is a computationally challenging problem that involves tracking a moving interface and solving complex multi-physics and multi-scale dynamics, which are beyond the capabilities of most state-of-the-art simulations. An interface-tracking model for electro-coalescence can provide a new perspective to a variety of applications in which interfacial physics are coupled with electrodynamics, including electro-osmosis, fabrication of microelectronics, fuel atomization, oil dehydration, nuclear waste reprocessing and solution separation for chemical detectors. We present a conformal decomposition finite element (CDFEM) interface-tracking method for the electrohydrodynamics of two-phase flow to demonstrate electro-coalescence. CDFEM is a sharp interface method that decomposes elements along fluid-fluid boundaries and uses a level set function to represent the interface.

  18. User interface design for an automated part recognition system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Avitts, Tommie Annette

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    to the inclusion of an interface following the guidelines set forth in Human Interface Guidelines: The Apple Desktop Interface (Apple Computer, 1987) in this study. Figure 1 is a screen image showing the menu bar (top of screen) of the Menu interface designed.... , San Jacinto College; B. S. , Stephen F. Austin State University Co-Chairs of Advisory Committee: Dr. Deborah A. Mitta Dr. R. Dale Huchingson This research involved the design and usability evaluation of five user-computer interfaces developed...

  19. Adsorption of polymer chains at penetrable interfaces

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gerasimchuk, I. V., E-mail: igor.gera@gmail.com [National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine and Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine, Institute of Magnetism (Ukraine); Sommer, J.-U. [Leibniz Institute of Polymer Research Dresden e.V. (Germany); Gerasimchuk, V. S. [National Technical University of Ukraine 'Kyiv Polytechnic Institute' (Ukraine)

    2011-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate the problem of adsorption (localization) of polymer chains in the system of two penetrable interfaces within the mean-field approximation. The saturation of the polymer system in the limit case of zero bulk concentration is studied. We find the exact solution of this mean-field polymer adsorption problem that opens the possibility to treat various localization problems for polymer chains in such environments using appropriate boundary conditions. The exact solution is controlled by a single scaling variable that describes the coupling between the interfaces due to the polymer chains. We obtain a nonmonotonic behavior of the amount of adsorbed polymers as a function of the distance between the interfaces. This leads to a high-energy and a low-energy phase for the double layer with respect to the amount of polymers localized. At the saturation point, we find the total energy of the system and determine the force acting between the interfaces to be strictly attractive and to monotonically decay to zero when the interface distance increases.

  20. Modern Boiler Control and Why Digital Systems are Better 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hughart, C. L.

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    MODERN BOILER CONTROL AND WHY DIGITAL SYSTEMS ARE BETTER C. L. Hughart Engineering and Hydrocarbons Division Union Carbide Corporation South Charleston, West Virginia ABSTRACT o Fuel o Combustion Air Steam generation in petrochemical... of the advantages of digital boiler controls. This system was in stalled to control two 350,000-pound per hour, 600 psig auxiliary fired boilers which, augmented by other waste heat recovery equipment, will supply the steam for a large petrochemical plant...

  1. Bone Cancer Rates in Dinosaurs Compared with Modern Vertebrates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    L. C. Natarajan; A. L. Melott; B. M. Rothschild; L. D. Martin

    2007-10-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Data on the prevalence of bone cancer in dinosaurs is available from past radiological examination of preserved bones. We statistically test this data for consistency with rates extrapolated from information on bone cancer in modern vertebrates, and find that there is no evidence of a different rate. Thus, this test provides no support for a possible role of ionizing radiation in the K-T extinction event.

  2. Tocqueville and the Making of the Modern World

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alan, Macfarlane

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    as the industrial and political revolutions took their hold he needed other weapons beyond deep sensitivity and a brilliant mind. He needed a theoretical system and wide experience of a changing world. 1... the great tradition of analysts of modern civilization. In this he overcame the natural human tendency towards smoothing out contradictions. ‘One of the most familiar weaknesses of the human mind is to want to reconcile conflicting principles and to buy...

  3. Hydrology of modern and late Holocene lakes, Death Valley, California

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Grasso, D.N.

    1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Above-normal precipitation and surface-water runoff, which have been generally related to the cyclic recurrence of the El Nino-Southern Oscillation, have produced modern ephemeral lakes in the closed-basin Death Valley watershed. This study evaluates the regional hydroclimatic relations between precipitation, runoff, and lake transgressions in the Death Valley watershed. Recorded precipitation, runoff, and spring discharge data for the region are used in conjunction with a closed-basin, lake-water-budget equation to assess the relative contributions of water from these sources to modern lakes in Death Valley and to identify the requisite hydroclimatic changes for a late Holocene perennial lake in the valley. As part of the Yucca Mountain Site Characterization Program, an evaluation of the Quaternary regional paleoflood hydrology of the potential nuclear-waste repository site at Yucca Mountain, Nevada, was planned. The objectives of the evaluation were (1) to identify the locations and investigate the hydraulic characteristics of paleofloods and compare these with the locations and characteristics of modern floods, and (2) to evaluate the character and severity of past floods and debris flows to ascertain the potential future hazards to the potential repository during the pre-closure period (US Department of Energy, 1988). This study addresses the first of these objectives, and the second in part, by assessing and comparing the sizes, locations, and recurrence rates of modern, recorded (1962--83) floods and late Holocene paleofloods for the 8,533-mi{sup 2}, closed-basin, Death Valley watershed with its contributing drainage basins in the Yucca Mountain site area.

  4. A review of "Women and Religious Writing in Early Modern England." by Erica Longfellow

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frances M. Malpezzi

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Longfellow. Women and Religious Writing in Early Modern England. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004. ix + 241 pp. $75.00. Review by FRANCES M. MALPEZZI, ARKANSAS STATE UNIVERSITY. Erica Longfellow?s Women and Religious Writing in Early Modern...

  5. A review of "Carnival and Literature in Early Modern England" by Jennifer C. Vaught

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laam, Kevin

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Modern England. Burlington, VT: Ashgate Publishing, 2012. xi + 195 pp. + 10 illus. $104.95. Review by kevin laam, oakland university. Jennifer C. Vaught’s Carnival and Literature in Early Modern England is a knowledgeable, if somewhat underrealized...

  6. DOE Provides up to $51.8 Million to Modernize the U.S. Electric...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Provides up to 51.8 Million to Modernize the U.S. Electric Grid System. June 27, 2007 DOE Provides up to 51.8 Million to Modernize the U.S. Electric Grid System. June 27, 2007...

  7. Impact of modern logistics on industrial location choice and property markets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Yu, 1976-

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The debate on the impact of modern logistics on industrial location choice and property markets focuses on (1) whether modern inventory control and supply- chain configuration consolidate manufacturing and distribution ...

  8. Late Pleistocene Neandertal-Early Modern Human Population Dynamics: The Dental Evidence 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Springer, Victoria Suzanne

    2013-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

    Recent genetic studies have confirmed that there was admixture between African early modern humans and archaic populations throughout the Old World. In this dissertation, I examine European early modern human dental ...

  9. Development of quantum perspectives in modern physics Charles Baily* and Noah D. Finkelstein

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Colorado at Boulder, University of

    Development of quantum perspectives in modern physics Charles Baily* and Noah in modern physics, many students are still exhibiting a realist perspective D. Finkelstein Department of Physics, University of Colorado, Boulder CO 80309

  10. Great expectations : provisional modernism and the reception of J.J.P. Oud

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beischer, Thomas G. (Thomas Gustav), 1968-

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    My dissertation analyzes the reception of the work of J.J.P. Oud (1890-1963), the modern Dutch architect, by examining the systems of dissemination and reception of modern European architecture from 1910 to 1953. Reception ...

  11. The Modern Grid Initiative is a DOE-funded project managed by...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    McAdams Theory of grid modernization. This is final in a series of discussions on how different mindsets look at grid modernization. With four generation "X" and "Y" children...

  12. Smart Grid Newsletter ? The Regulators Role in Grid Modernization...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Modernization? EISA Title XIII can break the "log-jam" From a national perspective, grid modernization is a good deal. As mentioned in a previous SGN article, the Electric...

  13. MODERN DISPLAYS: WHY WE SEE DIFFERENT COLORS, AND WHAT IT MEANS? Abhijit Sarkar1,2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    MODERN DISPLAYS: WHY WE SEE DIFFERENT COLORS, AND WHAT IT MEANS? Abhijit Sarkar1,2 , Laurent Blondé

  14. Ris har udgivet en rapport om moderne bioenergi. Den slr fast, at

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Risø har udgivet en rapport om moderne bioenergi. Den slår fast, at biomasse er en ligeså værdifuld teknologi, der skal til for at udnytte hele dens potentiale. RIS�NYT N O 42003 MODERNE BIOENERGI HAR STORE MULIGHEDER Moderne bioenergi har store muligheder Af Hans Larsen, Jens Kossmann og Leif Sønderberg Petersen

  15. A New Foundation For Control-Dependence and Slicing for Modern Program Structures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Banerjee, Anindya

    A New Foundation For Control-Dependence and Slicing for Modern Program Structures Technical Report definitions and approaches to calculating control dependence are difficult to apply seamlessly to modern pro be directly applied to modern program structures. In the context of slicing reactive systems, the paper

  16. Workload-driven selective hardening of control state elements in modern microprocessors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Makris, Yiorgos

    Workload-driven selective hardening of control state elements in modern microprocessors Michail elements against soft errors in modern microprocessors. In order to effectively allocate resources, our the high degree of architectural masking inherent in modern microprocessors. The novelty of our method lies

  17. rationalizing sex: family planning and the making of modern lovers in urban Greece

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seager, Sara

    rationalizing sex: family planning and the making of modern lovers in urban Greece HEATHER PAXSON New York University Family planning has been imported to Greece as a means of encouraging in, sexuality, modernity, risk, Greece] Modern ideologies and institutions shape contemporary human worlds un

  18. Westinghouse Approach and Experience on Operating VVER (PWR)1000 I and C Modernization

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mahlab Moshe [Kozloduy Project Director, Westinghouse Electric Company (Bulgaria); Naydenov, Nayden [Kozloduy NPP Modernization Manager (Bulgaria); Sechensky, Boyan [Chief Engineer, Westinghouse Energy Systems Bulgaria (Bulgaria)

    2004-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The paper will describe the background, current implementation approach and experience on the largest ever modernization program on operating units VVER 1000 (PWR) at Kozloduy Nuclear Power Plant in Bulgaria. The Modernization Program itself includes more than 212 measures. Westinghouse is modernizing the major I and C Systems at VVER 1000. (authors)

  19. Physical effects underlying the transition from primitive to modern cell membranes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heller, Eric

    Physical effects underlying the transition from primitive to modern cell membranes Itay Budina to identify physical mechanisms that enabled primitive cells to compete with one another. Whereas all modern. We asked what selective advantage could have driven the transition from primitive to modern membranes

  20. Physics 304 Syllabus Fall 2011 Prof. Collins Modern Physics II (Physics 304)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collins, Gary S.

    Physics 304 Syllabus Fall 2011 Prof. Collins 1/2 Modern Physics II (Physics 304) Syllabus, Fall 2011 Physics 304 is the second semester of a course in modern or quantum physics for students.com Classes: MWF, 12:10-13:00 pm, Webster B11. Required text: Modern Physics, Randy Harris (Pearson, 2nd

  1. ADVANCED MODERN PHYSICS -Theoretical Foundations World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Cruz, University of

    ADVANCED MODERN PHYSICS - Theoretical Foundations © World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd. http://www.worldscibooks.com/physics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 2.5.1 Coordinate Space . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 ix #12;ADVANCED MODERN PHYSICS.html x Advanced Modern Physics 2.5.2 Abstract Form . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 2

  2. Research-based Instructional Software in Modern Physics RICHARD N. STEINBERG

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Steinberg, Richard N.

    Research-based Instructional Software in Modern Physics RICHARD N. STEINBERG Department of Physics and as a means of assessment. The context of our study is modern physics, which is a subject being taught on the photoelectric effect and its implementation in a university modern physics course for engi- neers and scientists

  3. Physics 304 Syllabus Fall 2010 Prof. Collins Modern Physics II (Physics 304)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collins, Gary S.

    Physics 304 Syllabus Fall 2010 Prof. Collins 1/2 Modern Physics II (Physics 304) Syllabus, Fall 2010 Physics 304 is the second semester of a course in modern or quantum physics for students, 12:10-13:00 pm, Webster B11. Required text: Modern Physics, Randy Harris (Pearson, 2nd edition, 2008

  4. Supplementary material for: Teaching and understanding of quantum interpretations in modern physics courses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Colorado at Boulder, University of

    Supplementary material for: Teaching and understanding of quantum interpretations in modern physics offerings of the PHYS3A&B modern physics courses; semesters are grouped by color (red, blue, gray the Realist interpretation of the double-slit experiment than any of the other modern physics sections

  5. Course Syllabus Phy320L -Modern Physics Laboratory Spring 1999 Instructor: Dr. Alison Baski

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baski, Alison

    Course Syllabus Phy320L - Modern Physics Laboratory Spring 1999 Instructor: Dr. Alison Baski Oliver:00 [Egr Bldg, Rm 436], or by appointment. Textbook: Laboratory Manual for Modern Physics, sold during: This laboratory course involves experiments which illustrate the principles of modern physics, e.g. the quantum

  6. Teaching and understanding of quantum interpretations in modern physics courses Charles Baily1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Colorado at Boulder, University of

    Teaching and understanding of quantum interpretations in modern physics courses Charles Baily1 to interpretation in two similar modern physics courses recently taught at the University of Colorado, and examine the advantage of appealing to students' everyday intuitions. However, many introductory modern physics students

  7. Implications of interface conventions for morphometric thermodynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andreas Reindl; Markus Bier; S. Dietrich

    2015-02-06T23:59:59.000Z

    Several model fluids in contact with planar, spherical, and cylindrical walls are investigated for small number densities within density functional theory. The dependence of the solid-fluid interfacial tension on the curvature of spherical and cylindrical walls is examined and compared with the corresponding expression derived within the framework of morphometric thermodynamics. Particular attention is paid to the implications of the choice of the interface location, which underlies the definition of the interfacial tension. We find that morphometric thermodynamics is never exact for the considered systems and that its quality as an approximation depends sensitively on the choice of the interface location.

  8. A user interface for representing physical systems across energy domains

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Heather Lynn

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    for State Transition Diagrams . . 3. 2 Object Oriented Interfaces 3. 3 Graphic Interfaces 3. 3. 1 Early Days of Graphic Interfaces 3. 3. 2 Menu Systems. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3. 3. 3 Icons 3. 3. 4 Examples of Graphical Interfaces 3. 4 Summary... Explanation of Interface Via Transition Diagrams 4. 2 Programming Environment 4. 2. 1 Programming Platform 4. 2. 2 Example Source Code 4. 2. 3 System Features of BoGIS 4. 3 Graphical Interface for BoGIS 4. 3. 1 Screen Layout 4. 3. 2 Icons 4. 3. 3 Using...

  9. Sliding Interfaces for Eddy Current Simulations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hiptmair, Ralf

    Sliding Interfaces for Eddy Current Simulations Raffael Casagrande Master Thesis Supervisor: Prof. Dr. Ralf Hiptmair Zürich, April 2013 #12;Contents Contents i 1. Introduction 1 2. Eddy Current-formulation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 2.4. The eddy current problem in a moving, solid body . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 3. Discontinuous

  10. Exploratory Search Interfaces to Support Image Discovery

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shneiderman, Ben

    Director (1983-2000), Human-Computer Interaction Lab Professor, Department of Computer Science MemberExploratory Search Interfaces to Support Image Discovery Ben Shneiderman ben@cs.umd.edu Founding;Interdisciplinary research community - Computer Science & Psychology - Information Studies & Education (www

  11. COMMUNICATION Protein Chemistry at Membrane Interfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    White, Stephen

    of hydrophobic (ÁGHÈ) and electrostatic (ÁGES) free energies. If these are simply addi- tive, then the observed free energy of binding (ÁGobs) will be given by ÁGobs ÁGHÈ ÁGES, where ÁGHÈ À sNPANP and ÁGES z suggest that hydrophobic and electrostatic binding free energies of proteins at membrane interfaces

  12. A Secure Cryptographic Token Interface Christian Cachin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cachin, Christian

    Module [26] found in many personal computers, to high-security HSMs used by the finance industry such as IBM's 4764 cryptoprocessor [18]. Two prominent token interfaces used in industry are PKCS #11 [25 of California, Los Angeles, Department of Computer Science, 3714 Boelter Hall, Los Angeles CA 90095, USA

  13. Taming the Plasma-Material Interface

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Demo R&D: Taming the Plasma- Material Interface Rob Goldston #12;Outline · PMI-Based Mission Risks) · National High-Power Advanced Torus Experiment (NHTX) version of PMIF #12;PMI Mission Risks - I 1 facing surface. #12;PMI Mission Risks - II 5. Steady heat and particle loads result in unacceptable power

  14. SCATTERING BY CRACKS BENEATH FLUIDSOLID INTERFACES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Craster, Richard

    parameters relevant for water­metal and water­rock combinations are taken and far field scattering patterns the fluid. For line source excitation surface waves are generated that impinge upon defects near the surface with distance along the interface from its source of excitation. The light fluid loading limit is important f

  15. Internal and Interface Shear Strength of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zornberg, Jorge G.

    i Internal and Interface Shear Strength of Geosynthetic Clay Liners (GCLs) by John Scott Mc Strength of Geosynthetic Clay Liners (GCLs) Geosynthetic Clay Liners (GCLs) are prefabricated geocomposite materials used as an alternative to compacted clay liners in hydraulic barriers. They often offer hydraulic

  16. Prescott: Engineering communication interface. October 2010 Engineering Communication Interface: An Engineering Multidisciplinary Project.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aloul, Fadi

    students from tertiary institutions with a sound knowledge of engineering theory and practice alone. Well is no longer sufficient to graduate engineering students from tertiary institutions with a sound knowledge1 Prescott: Engineering communication interface. October 2010 Engineering Communication

  17. Toward Widely-Available and Usable Multimodal Conversational Interfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gruenstein, Alexander

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Multimodal conversational interfaces, which allow humans to interact with a computer using a combination of spoken natural language and a graphical interface, offer the potential to transform the manner by which humans ...

  18. Reflective Interfaces : assisting teens with stressful situations online

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, Birago (Birago Korayga)

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis presents the concept of Reflective Interfaces, a novel approach to user experience design that promotes positive behavioral norms. Traditional interface design methodologies such as User Centered Design are ...

  19. Direct Manipulation for Comprehensible, Predictable and Controllable User Interfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shneiderman, Ben

    Direct Manipulation for Comprehensible, Predictable and Controllable User Interfaces Ben Direct manipulation user interfaces have proven their worth over two decades, but they are still in their youth. Dramatic opportunities exist to develop direct manipulation pro- gramming to create end

  20. Systems and methods for monitoring a solid-liquid interface

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Stoddard, Nathan G; Lewis, Monte A.; Clark, Roger F

    2013-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

    Systems and methods are provided for monitoring a solid-liquid interface during a casting process. The systems and methods enable determination of the location of a solid-liquid interface during the casting process.

  1. THE INTERFACE BETWEEN ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT AND CORPORATE RESPONSIBILITY: THE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    THE INTERFACE BETWEEN ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT AND CORPORATE RESPONSIBILITY: THE VICTOR DIAMOND Report No: 436 Title of Research Project: The Interface Between Environmental Assessment and Corporate: ___________________________________________ #12;iii ABSTRACT The environmental assessment and sustainable development literature recognizes

  2. Computational design of patterned interfaces using reduced order models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vattre, Aurelien

    Patterning is a familiar approach for imparting novel functionalities to free surfaces. We extend the patterning paradigm to interfaces between crystalline solids. Many interfaces have non-uniform internal structures ...

  3. 6.831 User Interface Design and Implementation, Fall 2004

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miller, Robert

    6.831 introduces the principles of user interface development, focusing on three key areas: Design: How to design good user interfaces, starting with human capabilities (including the human information processor model, ...

  4. Custom power supply interface for teaching circuit design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Madrigal, Ruben E. (Ruben Esteban)

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis discusses the design and implementation of a custom power supply interface for the Pioneer mobile robot used in MIT's 6.01 course, "Introduction to Electrical Engineering and Computer Science." The interface ...

  5. Experimental investigations of solid-solid thermal interface conductance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collins, Kimberlee C. (Kimberlee Chiyoko)

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Understanding thermal interface conductance is important for nanoscale systems where interfaces can play a critical role in heat transport. In this thesis, pump and probe transient thermoreflectance methods are used to ...

  6. Merging physical manipulatives and digital interface in educational software

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zacchi, Anna

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    how elementary school students used physical manipulations in conjunction with the digital interface of educational software for geometry. The blending of physical manipulations and digital interface helped the students to overcome the limits...

  7. A fast enriched FEM for Poisson equations involving interfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huynh, Thanh Le Ngoc

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We develop a fast enriched finite element method for solving Poisson equations involving complex geometry interfaces by using regular Cartesian grids. The presence of interfaces is accounted for by developing suitable jump ...

  8. Using a Research Simulator for Validating Control Room Modernization Concepts

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ronald L. Boring; Vivek Agarwal; Julius J. Persensky; Jeffrey C. Joe

    2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Light Water Reactor Sustainability Program is a research, development, and deployment program sponsored by the United States Department of Energy. The program is operated in close collaboration with industry research and development programs to provide the technical foundations for licensing and managing the long-term, safe, and economical operation of nuclear power plants that are currently in operation. Advanced instrumentation and control (I&C) technologies are needed to support the continued safe and reliable production of power from nuclear energy systems during sustained periods of operation up to and beyond their expected licensed lifetime. This requires that new capabilities to achieve process control be developed and eventually implemented in existing nuclear control rooms. It also requires that approaches be developed and proven to achieve sustainability of I&C systems throughout the period of extended operation. Idaho National Laboratory (INL) is working closely with nuclear utilities to develop technologies and solutions to help ensure the safe life extension of current reactors. One of the main areas of focus is control room modernization. Current analog control rooms are growing obsolete, and it is difficult for utilities to maintain them. Using its reconfigurable control room simulator adapted from a training simulator, INL serves as a neutral test bed for implementing new control room system technologies and assisting in control room modernization efforts across.

  9. AIAA 010974 A Multi-Code-Coupling Interface for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stanford University

    AIAA 01­0974 A Multi-Code-Coupling Interface for Combustor/Turbomachinery Simulations Sriram 500, Reston, VA 20191­4344 #12;AIAA 01­0974 A Multi-Code-Coupling Interface for Combustor bottlenecks. This paradigm has been used to build a code coupling interface for a three-dimensional combustor

  10. A Sonically-Enhanced Interface Toolkit Stephen A. Brewster

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williamson, John

    in that an interface designer without a detailed knowledge of graphic design can create an interface using a standard device-dependent and time- consuming. This is a similar problem to that faced by graphical interface designers before graphical toolkits were available. Myers [8] suggests that the use of graphical toolkits

  11. Adsorption Kinetics of Surfactants at Fluid-Fluid Interfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andelman, David

    Adsorption Kinetics of Surfactants at Fluid-Fluid Interfaces Haim Diamant and David Andelman School-Fluid Interfaces, Adsorption, Adsorption Kinetics, Interfacial Tension. 1 #12;Abstract We review a new theoretical approach to the kinetics of surfactant adsorption at fluid-fluid interfaces. It yields a more complete

  12. Model coupling friction and adhesion for steel-concrete interfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Model coupling friction and adhesion for steel- concrete interfaces Michel Raous Laboratoire de: In this paper the interface behaviour between steel and concrete, during pull out tests, is numerically a variable friction coefficient in order to simulate the behaviour of the steel-concrete interface during

  13. Graphical User Interface Energy Characterization for Handheld Computers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhong, Lin

    Graphical User Interface Energy Characterization for Handheld Computers Lin Zhong and Niraj K. Jha, Low power Keywords Energy characterization, Graphical user interface, Handheld computers, Low power to its graphical user interface (GUI). Moreover, GUIs are direct users of the dis- play and also

  14. POLYMER SURFACE & INTERFACE GROUP Department of Physics, University of Guelph

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dutcher, John

    POLYMER SURFACE & INTERFACE GROUP Department of Physics, University of Guelph Guelph, Ontario N1G 2W1 RESEARCH FOCUS The primary focus of our work in the Polymer Surface & Interface Group is the physics of polymer and biopolymer thin films and interfaces. Both polymer and biopolymer films are very

  15. MIXPLORATION: Rethinking the Audio Mixer Interface Mark Cartwright

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pardo, Bryan

    MIXPLORATION: Rethinking the Audio Mixer Interface Mark Cartwright Northwestern University Queen Mary University of London josh.reiss@eecs.qmul.ac.uk ABSTRACT A typical audio mixer interface mixing options. In this work, we rethink the mixer interface, describing an alternative inter- face

  16. Electronic structure of the SiN{sub x}/TiN interface: A model system for superhard nanocomposites

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Patscheider, Joerg [EMPA, Laboratory for Nanoscale Materials Science, Ueberlandstrasse 129 CH-8600 Duebendorf (Switzerland); Department of Materials Science and Frederick Seitz Materials Research Laboratory University of Illinois, 104 S. Goodwin Avenue, Urbana, Illinois 61801 (United States); Hellgren, Niklas [Department of Materials Science and Frederick Seitz Materials Research Laboratory University of Illinois, 104 S. Goodwin Avenue, Urbana, Illinois 61801 (United States); Messiah College, Department of Mathematical Sciences, P.O. Box 3041, One College Ave., Grantham, Pennsylvania 17027 (United States); Haasch, Richard T.; Petrov, Ivan; Greene, J. E. [Department of Materials Science and Frederick Seitz Materials Research Laboratory University of Illinois, 104 S. Goodwin Avenue, Urbana, Illinois 61801 (United States)

    2011-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Nanostructured materials such as nanocomposites and nanolaminates--subjects of intense interest in modern materials research--are defined by internal interfaces, the nature of which is generally unknown. Nevertheless, the interfaces often determine the bulk properties. An example of this is superhard nanocomposites with hardness approaching that of diamond. TiN/Si{sub 3}N{sub 4} nanocomposites (TiN nanocrystals encapsulated in a fully percolated SiN{sub x} tissue phase) and nanolaminates, in particular, have attracted much attention as model systems for the synthesis of such superhard materials. Here, we use in situ angle-resolved x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy to probe the electronic structure of Si{sub 3}N{sub 4}/TiN(001), Si/TiN(001), and Ti/TiN(001) bilayer interfaces, in which 4-ML-thick overlayers are grown in an ultrahigh vacuum system by reactive magnetron sputter deposition onto epitaxial TiN layers on MgO(001). The thickness of the Si{sub 3}N{sub 4}, Si, and Ti overlayers is chosen to be thin enough to insure sufficient electron transparency to probe the interfaces, while being close to values reported in typical nanocomposites and nanolaminates. The results show that these overlayer/TiN(001) interfaces have distinctly different bonding characteristics. Si{sub 3}N{sub 4} exhibits interface polarization through the formation of an interlayer, in which the N concentration is enhanced at higher substrate bias values during Si{sub 3}N{sub 4} deposition. The increased number of Ti-N bonds at the interface, together with the resulting polarization, strengthens interfacial bonding. In contrast, overlayers of Si and, even more so, metallic Ti weaken the interface by minimizing the valence band energy difference between the two phases. A model is proposed that provides a semiquantitative explanation of the interfacial bond strength in nitrogen-saturated and nitrogen-deficient Ti-Si-N nanocomposites.

  17. Chemically sensitive interfaces on SAW devices

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ricco, A.J.; Martin, S.J. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Crooks, R.M.; Xu, Chuanjing [Texas A and M Univ., College Station, TX (United States); Allred, R.E. [Adherent Technologies, Inc., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

    1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Using surface acoustic wave (SAW) devices, three approaches to the effective use of chemically sensitive interfaces that are not highly chemically selective have been examined: (1) molecular identification from time-resolved permeation transients; (2) using multifrequency SAW devices to determine the frequency dependence of analyte/film interactions; (3) use of an array of SAW devices bearing diverse chemically sensitive interfaces to produce a distinct response pattern for each analyte. In addition to their well-known sensitivity to mass changes (0.0035 monolayer of N{sub 2} can be measured), SAW devices respond to the mechanical and electronic properties of thin films, enhancing response information content but making a thorough understanding of the perturbation critical. Simultaneous measurement of changes in frequency and attenuation, which can provide the information necessary to determine the type of perturbation, are used as part of the above discrimination schemes.

  18. Fastbus host interface for VAX/VMS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Siskind, E.J.

    1983-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A list processing microprocessor controlled host interface for FASTBUS has been constructed by connection of a FASTBUS cable segment to the VAX DR-32 Device Interconnect (DDI) implemented via the DEC DR-780 channel on a VAX-11/780 system. Block transfer rates of 5.7 megabytes/second (700 ns per 32 bit longword) are achieved on VAX-11/780 systems equipped with a single MS-780 memory controller, while interleaved dual memory controller systems reach 8.0 megabytes/second (500 ns per longword) performance. The hardware and software interface should work equally well on DR-750 equipped VAX-11/750 systems (with appropriate reductions in achievable bandwidth) as well as on any future VAX systems equipped with a DDI adapter.

  19. Control of normal chirality at hexagonal interfaces

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Haraldsen, Jason T [ORNL; Fishman, Randy Scott [ORNL

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the net chirality created by the Dzyaloshinkii-Moriya interaction (DMI) at the boundary between hexagonal layers of magnetic and non-magnetic materials. It is shown that another mechanism besides elastic torsion is required to understand the change in chirality observed in Dy/Y multilayers during field-cooling. The paper shows that due to the overlap between magnetic and non-magnetic atoms, interfacial steps may produce a DMI normal to the interface in magnetic heterostructures.

  20. Capillary zone electrophoresis-mass spectrometer interface

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    D'Silva, Arthur (Ames, IA)

    1996-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

    A device for providing equal electrical potential between two loci unconnected by solid or liquid electrical conducts is provided. The device comprises a first electrical conducting terminal, a second electrical conducting terminal connected to the first terminal by a rigid dielectric structure, and an electrically conducting gas contacting the first and second terminals. This device is particularly suitable for application in the electrospray ionization interface between a capillary zone electrophoresis apparatus and a mass spectrometer.

  1. VMS software for the Jorway-411 interface

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dorries, T.; Moore, C.; Pordes, R.; White, V.

    1987-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report describes a Software Package used to access CAMAC through the Jorway-411 Interface, for use on VAX/VMS systems. The software can be used to access parallel and/or serial CAMAC branch highways, and multiple Jorways may be connected to the VAX UNIBUS or MicroVax QBUS. The software available includes a VAX/VMS device driver for the JORWAY-411 and support routines and programs that access the driver. The software is accompanied by extensive documentation.

  2. Combined electrophoresis-electrospray interface and method

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Smith, R.D.; Udseth, H.R.; Barinaga, C.J.

    1995-06-13T23:59:59.000Z

    An improvement to the system and method is disclosed for analyzing molecular constituents of a composition sample that comprises improvements to an electrospray ionization source for interfacing to mass spectrometers and other detection devices. The improvement consists of establishing a unique electrical circuit pattern and nozzle configuration, a metallic coated and conical shaped capillary outlet, coupled with sizing of the capillary to obtain maximum sensitivity. 10 figs.

  3. Capillary zone electrophoresis-mass spectrometer interface

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    D`Silva, A.

    1996-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

    A device for providing equal electrical potential between two loci unconnected by solid or liquid electrical conductors is provided. The device comprises a first electrical conducting terminal, a second electrical conducting terminal connected to the first terminal by a rigid dielectric structure, and an electrically conducting gas contacting the first and second terminals. This device is particularly suitable for application in the electrospray ionization interface between a capillary zone electrophoresis apparatus and a mass spectrometer. 1 fig.

  4. Sudden structural change at ati air/binary liquid interface: Sum frequency study of the air/acetonitrile-water interface

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eisenthal, Kenneth B.

    Sudden structural change at ati air/binary liquid interface: Sum frequency study of the air/acetonitrile change in an air/acetonitrile-water interface as the solution composition varies; the abruptness of which and in the polarization of the signal from the acetonitrile molecules in the interface observed using infrared + visible

  5. VMS software for the Jorway-411 Interface

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dorries, T.; Moore, C.; Pordes, R.; White, V.

    1987-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This reports on a Software Package to access CAMAC through the Jorway-411 Interface, for use on VAX/VMS systems. The software can be used to access parallel and/or serial CAMAC branch highways, and multiple Jorways may be connected to the VAX UNIBUS or Micro Vax QBUS. The software available includes a VAX/VMS device driver for the JORWAY-411 and support routines and programs that access the driver. The software is accompanied by extensive documentation. As discussed below, several of the packages originated from other institutions and have been enhanced by the Data Acquisition Software Group at Fermilab. The software package is in widespread use at Fermilab and over 20 other sites. The software can be run on any of the UNIBUS VAX-11 family of computers using a UNIBUS Jorway-411 to interface to CAMAC, or on a Microvax-II either interfaced to CAMAC through a Q-BUS Jorway-411, or through a Microverter and UNIBUS Jorway. The package includes facilities for performing CAMAC operations remotely. The VAX on which the user runs his or her program need not be directly connected to the Jorway. Server programs allow a VAX connected via DECNET or a PDP-11 connected via a DR11-W link to be the route for accessing the CAMAC hardware.

  6. Towards High Performance Processing In Modern Java Based Control Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Misiowiec, M; Buttner, M

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    CERN controls software is often developed on Java foundation. Some systems carry out a combination of data, network and processor intensive tasks within strict time limits. Hence, there is a demand for high performing, quasi real time solutions. Extensive prototyping of the new CERN monitoring and alarm software required us to address such expectations. The system must handle dozens of thousands of data samples every second, along its three tiers, applying complex computations throughout. To accomplish the goal, a deep understanding of multithreading, memory management and interprocess communication was required. There are unexpected traps hidden behind an excessive use of 64 bit memory or severe impact on the processing flow of modern garbage collectors. Tuning JVM configuration significantly affects the execution of the code. Even more important is the amount of threads and the data structures used between them. Accurately dividing work into independent tasks might boost system performance. Thorough profili...

  7. U-70 Proton Synchrotron Extracted Beam Lines Control System Modernization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    V. Alferov; Y. Bordanovski; S. Klimov; V. Ilukin; V. Kuznetsov; O. Radin; A. Shalunov; A. Sytin; P. Vetrov; V. Yaryguine; V. Zapolsky; V. Zarucheisky

    2001-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

    A 70 GeV Proton Synchrotron Extracted Beam Lines Control System is described. About 130 Magnet Dipoles and Quadrupoles, 20 Correction Magnets, 50 Beam Collimators, BPM equipment spread over 1 Km have to be controlled. The old System was based on the PDP-11/40 and LSI-11 compatible computers and the MIL 1553 STD as a Field Bus. It successfully operated about 15 years. A new system includes home made Equipment Controllers based on I 8051 Processors, CAN Field Bus, FECs, Servers, Consoles connected by Ethernet. On the first stage of modernization PDPs and LSIs are replaced with PCs connected by Ethernet. Equipment controllers are being successfully tested in the Collimators and Corrector Magnets Controls during a run.

  8. Central Energy System Modernization at Fort Jackson, South Carolina

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brown, Daryl R.; Chvala, William D.; Dirks, James A.

    2006-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

    An evaluation of technology options was conducted for the central energy systems at Fort Jackson, South Carolina. There were two objectives in conducting this study. From a broader viewpoint, the Army would like to develop a systematic approach to management of its central energy systems and selected Fort Jackson for this ''pilot'' study for a prospective Central Energy System Modernization Program. From a site-specific perspective, the objective was to identify the lowest life-cycle cost energy supply option(s) at Fort Jackson for buildings currently served by central boilers and chillers. This study was co-funded by the Army's Southeast Region and the U.S. Department of Energy's Federal Energy Management Program.

  9. Migration of 1970s Minicomputer Controls to Modern Toolkit Software

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Juras, R.C.; Meigs, M.J.; Sinclair, J.A.; Tatum, B.A.

    1999-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

    Controls for accelerators and associated systems at the Holifield Radioactive Ion Beam Facility (HRIBF) at Oak Ridge National Laboratory have been migrated from 197Os-vintage minicomputers to a modern system based on Vista and EPICS toolkit software. Stability and capabilities of EPICS software have motivated increasing use of EPICS for accelerator controls. In addition, very inexpensive subsystems based on EPICS and the EPICS portable CA server running on Linux PCs have been implemented to control an ion source test facility and to control a building-access badge reader system. A new object-oriented, extensible display manager has been developed for EPICS to facilitate the transition to EPICS and will be used in place of MEDM. EPICS device support has been developed for CAMAC serial highway controls.

  10. Learning from FITS: Limitations in use in modern astronomical research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, Brian; Economou, Frossie; Greenfield, Perry; Hirst, Paul; Berry, David S; Bray, Erik; Gray, Norman; Muna, Demitri; Turner, James; de Val-Borro, Miguel; Santander-Vela, Juande; Shupe, David; Good, John; Berriman, G Bruce; Kitaeff, Slava; Fay, Jonathan; Laurino, Omar; Alexov, Anastasia; Landry, Walter; Masters, Joe; Brazier, Adam; Schaaf, Reinhold; Edwards, Kevin; Redman, Russell O; Marsh, Thomas R; Streicher, Ole; Norris, Pat; Pascual, Sergio; Davie, Matthew; Droettboom, Michael; Robitaille, Thomas; Campana, Riccardo; Hagen, Alex; Hartogh, Paul; Klaes, Dominik; Craiga, Matthew W; Homeier, Derek

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Flexible Image Transport System (FITS) standard has been a great boon to astronomy, allowing observatories, scientists and the public to exchange astronomical information easily. The FITS standard, however, is showing its age. Developed in the late 1970s, the FITS authors made a number of implementation choices that, while common at the time, are now seen to limit its utility with modern data. The authors of the FITS standard could not anticipate the challenges which we are facing today in astronomical computing. Difficulties we now face include, but are not limited to, addressing the need to handle an expanded range of specialized data product types (data models), being more conducive to the networked exchange and storage of data, handling very large datasets, and capturing significantly more complex metadata and data relationships. There are members of the community today who find some or all of these limitations unworkable, and have decided to move ahead with storing data in other formats. If this frag...

  11. Modernization of the iron making plant at SOLLAC FOS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Crayelynghe, M. van; Dufour, A.; Soland, J.; Feret, J.; Lebonvallet, J.

    1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    When the blast furnaces at SOLLAC/FOS were relined, the objective being to ensure a worklife of 15 years, it was decided that the iron making plant would be modernized at the same time: the coking plant has been overhauled and renovated and its coking time increased to ensure a worklife of at least 34 years. The surface area of the sinter strand was increased from 400 to 520 m{sup 2}, the burden preparation circuit were simplified, and pig iron production capacity increased from 4.2 to 4.5 million metric tons per year. Coal injection was developed so as to obtain 170 kg/t of pig iron, an expert system was added to ensure more efficient blast furnace operation, and new measures have been carried out for environmental protection. Since these heavy investments have been completed, SOLLAC/FOS is a high-performance iron making plant, allowing it to face new challenges in the future.

  12. Active optical fibres in modern particle physics experiments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    C. P. Achenbach

    2004-04-05T23:59:59.000Z

    In modern particle physics experiments wavelength-shifting and scintillating fibres based on plastic polymers are used for tracking and calorimetry. In this review the role of photon trapping efficiencies, transmission functions and signal response times for common multimode active fibres is discussed. Numerical simulations involving three dimensional tracking of skew rays through curved fibres demonstrate the characteristics of trapped light. Of practical interest are the parametrisations of transmission functions and the minimum permissible radius of curvature. These are of great importance in today's experiments where high count rates and small numbers of photoelectrons are encountered. Special emphasis has been placed on the timing resolution of fibre detectors and its limitation due to variations in the path length of generated photons.

  13. Multiscale modeling of solar cells with interface phenomena

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Foster, David H; Peszynska, Malgorzata; Schneider, Guenter

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We describe a mathematical model for heterojunctions in semiconductors which can be used, e.g., for modeling higher efficiency solar cells. The continuum model involves well-known drift-diffusion equations posed away from the interface. These are coupled with interface conditions with a nonhomogeneous jump for the potential, and Robin-like interface conditions for carrier transport. The interface conditions arise from approximating the interface region by a lower-dimensional manifold. The data for the interface conditions are calculated by a Density Functional Theory (DFT) model over a few atomic layers comprising the interface region. We propose a domain decomposition method (DDM) approach to decouple the continuum model on subdomains which is implemented in every step of the Gummel iteration. We show results for CIGS/CdS, Si/ZnS, and Si/GaAs heterojunctions.

  14. Landfill liner interface strengths from torsional-ring-shear tests

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stark, T.D. (Univ. of Illinois, Urbana, IL (United States)); Poeppel, A.R. (Langan Engineering Associates, Inc., New York, NY (United States))

    1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A torsional-ring-shear apparatus and test procedure are described for measuring soil/geosynthetic and geosynthetic/geosynthetic interface strengths. Typical interface strengths are presented for a double-composite liner system and the relevancy of ring-shear strengths is illustrated using the slope failure at the Kettleman Hills Waste Repository, Kettleman City, Calif. The results of undrained ring-shear tests show that for a clay/geomembrane interface: (1) interface strength depends on plasticity and compaction water content of the clay, and the applied normal stress; (2) interface strengths measured with the torsional-ring-shear apparatus are in excellent agreement with back-calculated field strengths; and (3) peak and residual interface failure envelopes are nonlinear, and the nonlinearity should be modeled in stability analyses instead of as a combination of cohesion and friction angle. Design recommendations for interface strengths and stability analyses are also presented.

  15. Sephardic Scholarly Worlds: Toward a Novel Geography of Modern Jewish History

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Julia, PC; Sarah, AS

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Stephen Schwartz, ‘‘Balkan Dreams, Modern Realities;shel Yerushalayim de-Balkan, volume 2, ed. D. A. Recanati (similarly studied local Balkan dialects of Judeo-Spanish:

  16. Fact #568: April 27, 2009 For Modern Cars, Replacing an Air Filter...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    February 2009 study conducted by Oak Ridge National Laboratory found that for modern computer-controlled, fuel-injected engines, changing a clogged air filter has no measurable...

  17. The Modern Grid Initiative is a DOE-funded project managed by...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    at grid modernization. One of my past bosses used to share humorous theories of organizational change management from a college professor, McAdams, worthy of the great...

  18. Oxygen-Dependent Morphogenesis of Modern Clumped Photosynthetic Mats and Implications for the Archean Stromatolite Record

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sim, Min Sub

    Some modern filamentous oxygenic photosynthetic bacteria (cyanobacteria) form macroscopic tufts, laminated cones and ridges that are very similar to some Archean and Proterozoic stromatolites. However, it remains unclear ...

  19. Micro-engineered cathode interface studies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Doshi, R.; Kueper, T.; Nagy, Z.; Krumpelt, M.

    1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The aim of this work is to increase the performance of the cathode in solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) operating at 1,000 C by decreasing the polarization resistance from 0.2 {Omega}-cm{sup 2} at 300 mA/cm{sup 2}. Decreased polarization resistance will allow operation at higher current densities. This work is in support of the Westinghouse tubular SOFC technology using YSZ electrolyte and strontium doped lanthanum manganite (LSM) cathode. As a result of work performed last year at Argonne National Laboratory and information derived from the literature, the limitations at the cathode/electrolyte interface can be classified into two main areas. First, the ionic conductivity of the LSM cathode material is low which limits the reaction zone to an area very close to the interface, while the rest of the cathode thickness acts essentially as current collector with channels for gas access. Second, the electronic conductivity in YSZ is very low which limits the reaction zone to areas that are the boundaries between LSM and YSZ rather than the YSZ surface away from LSM at the interface. Possible solutions to this problem being pursued are: (1) introducing an ionic conducting YSZ phase in LSM to form a porous two-phase mixture of LSM and YSZ; (2) applying a thin interlayer between the electrolyte and the cathode where the interlayer has high ionic and electronic conductivity and high catalytic activity for reduction of O{sub 2}; (3) increasing the ionic conductivity in the LSM by suitable doping; and (4) increasing the electronic conductivity in the electrolyte by doping or by depositing an appropriate mixed conducting layer on the YSZ before applying the cathode.

  20. Interface control and snow crystal growth

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jessica Li; Laura P. Schaposnik

    2015-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

    The growth of snow crystals is dependent on the temperature and saturation of the environment. In the case of dendrites, Reiter's local two-dimensional model provides a realistic approach to the study of dendrite growth. In this paper we obtain a new geometric rule that incorporates interface control, a basic mechanism of crystallization that is not taken into account in the original Reiter's model. By defining two new variables, growth latency and growth direction, our improved model gives a realistic model not only for dendrite but also for plate forms.

  1. Dense optical-electrical interface module

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Paul Chang

    2000-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

    The DOIM (Dense Optical-electrical Interface Modules) is a custom-designed optical data transmission module employed in the upgrade of Silicon Vertex Detector of CDF experiment at Fermilab. Each DOIM module consists of a transmitter (TX) converting electrical differential input signals to optical outputs, a middle segment of jacketed fiber ribbon cable, and a receiver (RX) which senses the light inputs and converts them back to electrical signals. The targeted operational frequency is 53 MHz, and higher rate is achievable. This article outlines the design goals, implementation methods, production test results, and radiation hardness tests of these modules.

  2. The China Prize Essay Contest and the Late Qing Promotion of Modern Science Benjamin A. Elman

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elman, Benjamin

    The China Prize Essay Contest and the Late Qing Promotion of Modern Science Benjamin A. Elman of the nineteenth century was the "seeding time" for the modernization of China. During the period from 1850 to 1870-1897) devised the "China Prize Essay Contest" (Gezhi shuyuan keyi ) in 1886. The essay writing contest

  3. A review of the book "Optimal control" by Richard Vinter, Modern Birkhaeuser Classics, Boston, MA, 2010.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Henrion, Didier

    A review of the book "Optimal control" by Richard Vinter, Modern Birkhaeuser Classics, Boston, MA in optimal control, a mathematically-oriented branch of systems control engineering whose roots can be found be considered as a major con- tribution to the modern optimal control literature. Together with the more

  4. TOWARDS A SEMASIOLOGICAL ACCOUNT OF EVIDENTIALS: AN ENUNCIATIVE APPROACH OF ER IN MODERN WESTERN ARMENIAN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    TOWARDS A SEMASIOLOGICAL ACCOUNT OF EVIDENTIALS: AN ENUNCIATIVE APPROACH OF ­ER IN MODERN WESTERN ARMENIAN Anaïd Donabédian Modern Western Armenian1 (henceforth MWA) has a specific form of completed past observed in MWA coincide with those found in descriptions of Balkan and Caucasian languages, commonly

  5. Publish date: 06/27/2011 ECE 4362: Modern Optics for Engineers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gelfond, Michael

    Publish date: 06/27/2011 ECE 4362: Modern Optics for Engineers Credit / Contact hours: 3 / 3 Course coordinator: Ayrton Bernussi Textbook(s) and/or other required material: Introduction to Optics, Frank L-13- 149933-5 Catalog description: Modern concepts in optics related to engineering applications. Geometrical

  6. ESE 680: Special Topics in Electrical and Systems Engineering Modern Electrical Energy Infrastructure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Plotkin, Joshua B.

    Fall 2012 ESE 680: Special Topics in Electrical and Systems Engineering Modern Electrical Energy is on the study of modern electrical energy networks with the thesis that they are becoming an increasingly integration between the electrical energy infrastructure and other infrastructure systems. Instructors: Ufuk

  7. Franois Beets, Michel Dupuis et Michel Weber (diteurs) La science et le monde moderne

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    François Beets, Michel Dupuis et Michel Weber (éditeurs) La science et le monde moderne d-propos....................................................................................................................... 11 Michel Weber (Louvain-la-Neuve) Foreword.............................................................................................................................. 13 Michel Weber (Louvain-la-Neuve) Lire Science and the Modern World

  8. Mining Modern Repositories with Elasticsearch Oleksii Kononenko, Olga Baysal, Reid Holmes, and Michael W. Godfrey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Godfrey, Michael W.

    Mining Modern Repositories with Elasticsearch Oleksii Kononenko, Olga Baysal, Reid Holmes and highlight its strengths and weaknesses for performing modern mining software repositories research. Categories and Subject Descriptors D.2.3 [Software Engineering]: Coding Tools and Tech- niques General Terms

  9. Power in Knowledge Management in Late Modern Times Hamid R. Ekbia1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Indiana University

    AOM-13517 1 Power in Knowledge Management in Late Modern Times Hamid R. Ekbia1 & Rob Kling2 1 will be greatly appreciated.) #12;AOM-13517 2 Power in Knowledge Management in Late Modern Times Abstract of knowledge management, especially as they relate to power relationships inside and outside organizations. We

  10. Beer is the basis of modern civilization. Without it, humankind would have not

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schladow, S. Geoffrey

    Beer is the basis of modern civilization. Without it, humankind would have not established static communities. Without it, we would not have the modern pharmaceutical industry. With beer, we have the world's favorite alcoholic beverage ­ the drink of moderation. The science and technology of making beer is complex

  11. International Conference on Machine Control & Guidance 2008 1 The Kinematic Potential of Modern Tracking Total Stations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1st International Conference on Machine Control & Guidance 2008 1 The Kinematic Potential of Modern systems allow for new areas of use in geodetic metrology. According to the task requirements, geodetic) are still used for precise real-time 3D trajectories. Nowadays, modern instruments allow movements of a few

  12. Historical and Modern Disturbance Regimes, Stand Structures, and Landscape Dynamics in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Swetnam, Thomas W.

    Historical and Modern Disturbance Regimes, Stand Structures, and Landscape Dynamics in Piñon, OR 97331 12 Natural Heritage New Mexico, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM 87131 13 of the variability in historical and modern ecosystem structure and disturbance processes that exists among the many

  13. Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 36 (2005) 576582

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wüthrich, Christian

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 36 (2005) 576­582 Book review Katherine Brading at the core of classical and quantum physics. No modern--and few older--physical theories forgo the immense and Elena Castellani (Eds.), Symmetries in Physics: Philosophical Reflections, Cambridge University Press

  14. Physics 251 Group Theory and Modern Physics Spring 2013 Instructor: Howard Haber

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Cruz, University of

    Physics 251 Group Theory and Modern Physics Spring 2013 Instructor: Howard Haber O#ce: ISB, Room sketch some of the most basic applications of group theory to modern physics. To encourage students: http://scipp.ucsc.edu/~haber/ph251/ TEXTBOOKS: Group Theory in Physics, by Wu­Ki Tung Lectures

  15. Physics 304 Syllabus Fall 2012 Prof. Collins Modern Physics II (Physics 304)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collins, Gary S.

    Physics 304 Syllabus Fall 2012 Prof. Collins 1/2 Modern Physics II (Physics 304) Syllabus, Fall 2012 Physics 304 is the second semester of a course in modern or quantum physics for students of physics, math, sciences and engineering. Principles learned in Physics 303 are applied here to understand

  16. The Research Training Group 1493 "Mathematical Struc-tures in Modern Quantum Physics" supports doctoral stu-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wardetzky, Max

    Preface The Research Training Group 1493 "Mathematical Struc- tures in Modern Quantum Physics that govern fundamental physical processes ranging from the genesis of particles in modern accelerators" supports doctoral stu- dents and young postdoctoral researchers who work on mathematical and physical

  17. Physics 251 Group Theory and Modern Physics Spring 2013 Instructor: Howard Haber

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Cruz, University of

    Physics 251 Group Theory and Modern Physics Spring 2013 Instructor: Howard Haber Office: ISB, Room to do more than sketch some of the most basic applications of group theory to modern physics: http://scipp.ucsc.edu/~haber/ph251/ TEXTBOOKS: Group Theory in Physics, by Wu-Ki Tung Lectures

  18. ABOUT THE JOURNAL The Journal of Modern History is recognized as the leading

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mateo, Jill M.

    ABOUT THE JOURNAL The Journal of Modern History is recognized as the leading American journal for the study of European history. The Journal's expansive geographical and temporal scope--the history-advertising@press.uchicago.edu Journal of Modern History The leading American journal for the study of European history Quarterly 226

  19. Used Fuel Management System Interface Analyses - 13578

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Howard, Robert; Busch, Ingrid [Oak Ridge National Laboratory, P.O. Box 2008, Bldg. 5700, MS-6170, Oak Ridge, TN 37831 (United States)] [Oak Ridge National Laboratory, P.O. Box 2008, Bldg. 5700, MS-6170, Oak Ridge, TN 37831 (United States); Nutt, Mark; Morris, Edgar; Puig, Francesc [Argonne National Laboratory (United States)] [Argonne National Laboratory (United States); Carter, Joe; Delley, Alexcia; Rodwell, Phillip [Savannah River National Laboratory (United States)] [Savannah River National Laboratory (United States); Hardin, Ernest; Kalinina, Elena [Sandia National Laboratories (United States)] [Sandia National Laboratories (United States); Clark, Robert [U.S. Department of Energy (United States)] [U.S. Department of Energy (United States); Cotton, Thomas [Complex Systems Group (United States)] [Complex Systems Group (United States)

    2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Preliminary system-level analyses of the interfaces between at-reactor used fuel management, consolidated storage facilities, and disposal facilities, along with the development of supporting logistics simulation tools, have been initiated to provide the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and other stakeholders with information regarding the various alternatives for managing used nuclear fuel (UNF) generated by the current fleet of light water reactors operating in the United States. An important UNF management system interface consideration is the need for ultimate disposal of UNF assemblies contained in waste packages that are sized to be compatible with different geologic media. Thermal analyses indicate that waste package sizes for the geologic media under consideration by the Used Fuel Disposition Campaign may be significantly smaller than the canisters being used for on-site dry storage by the nuclear utilities. Therefore, at some point along the UNF disposition pathway, there could be a need to repackage fuel assemblies already loaded and being loaded into the dry storage canisters currently in use. The implications of where and when the packaging or repackaging of commercial UNF will occur are key questions being addressed in this evaluation. The analysis demonstrated that thermal considerations will have a major impact on the operation of the system and that acceptance priority, rates, and facility start dates have significant system implications. (authors)

  20. Final Technical Report - Modernization of the Boulder Canyon Hydroelectric Project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Joe Taddeucci, P E

    2013-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

    The Boulder Canyon Hydroelectric Project (BCH) was purchased by the City of Boulder, CO (the city) in 2001. Project facilities were originally constructed in 1910 and upgraded in the 1930s and 1940s. By 2009, the two 10 MW turbine/generators had reached or were nearing the end of their useful lives. One generator had grounded out and was beyond repair, reducing plant capacity to 10 MW. The remaining 10 MW unit was expected to fail at any time. When the BCH power plant was originally constructed, a sizeable water supply was available for the sole purpose of hydroelectric power generation. Between 1950 and 2001, that water supply had gradually been converted to municipal water supply by the city. By 2001, the water available for hydroelectric power generation at BCH could not support even one 10 MW unit. Boulder lacked the financial resources to modernize the facilities, and Boulder anticipated that when the single, operational historical unit failed, the project would cease operation. In 2009, the City of Boulder applied for and received a U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) grant for $1.18 million toward a total estimated project cost of $5.155 million to modernize BCH. The federal funding allowed Boulder to move forward with plant modifications that would ensure BCH would continue operation. Federal funding was made available through the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) of 2009. Boulder determined that a single 5 MW turbine/generator would be the most appropriate capacity, given the reduced water supply to the plant. Average annual BCH generation with the old 10 MW unit had been about 8,500 MW-hr, whereas annual generation with a new, efficient turbine could average 11,000 to 12,000 MW-hr. The incremental change in annual generation represents a 30% increase in generation over pre-project conditions. The old turbine/generator was a single nozzle Pelton turbine with a 5-to-1 flow turndown and a maximum turbine/generator efficiency of 82%. The new unit is a double nozzle Pelton turbine with a 10-to-1 flow turndown and a maximum turbine/generator efficiency of 88%. This alone represents a 6% increase in overall efficiency. The old turbine operated at low efficiencies due to age and non-optimal sizing of the turbine for the water flow available to the unit. It was shut down whenever water flow dropped to less than 4-5 cfs, and at that flow, efficiency was 55 to 60%. The new turbine will operate in the range of 70 to 88% efficiency through a large portion of the existing flow range and would only have to be shut down at flow rates less than 3.7 cfs. Efficiency is expected to increase by 15-30%, depending on flow. In addition to the installation of new equipment, other goals for the project included: �¢���¢ Increasing safety at Boulder Canyon Hydro �¢���¢ Increasing protection of the Boulder Creek environment �¢���¢ Modernizing and integrating control equipment into Boulder�¢����s municipal water supply system, and �¢���¢ Preserving significant historical engineering information prior to power plant modernization. From January 1, 2010 through December 31, 2012, combined consultant and contractor personnel hours paid for by both the city and the federal government have totaled approximately 40,000. This equates roughly to seven people working full time on the project from January 2010 through December 2012. This project also involved considerable material expense (steel pipe, a variety of valves, electrical equipment, and the various components of the turbine and generator), which were not accounted for in terms of hours spent on the project. However, the material expense related to this project did help to create or preserve manufacturing/industrial jobs throughout the United States. As required by ARRA, the various components of the hydroelectric project were manufactured or substantially transformed in the U.S. BCH is eligible for nomination to

  1. Oxygen abundance methods in the SDSS: view from modern statistics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    F. Shi; G. Zhao; James Wicker

    2007-10-24T23:59:59.000Z

    Our purpose is to find which is the most reliable one among various oxygen abundance determination methods. We will test the validity of several different oxygen abundance determination methods using methods of modern statistics. These methods include Bayesian analysis and information scoring. We will analyze a sample of $\\sim$6000 $\\hii$ galaxies from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) spectroscopic observations data release four. All methods that we used drew the same conclusion that the $T_e$ method is a more reliable oxygen abundance determination methods than the Bayesian metallcity method under the existing telescope ability. The ratios of the likelihoods between the different kinds of methods tell us that the $T_e$, $P$, and $O3N2$ methods are consistent with each other because the $P$ and $O3N2$ method are calibrated by $T_e$-method. The Bayesian and $R_{23}$ method are consistent with each other because both are calibrated by a galaxy model. In either case, the $N2$ method is an {\\it unreliable} method.

  2. Greetings from the Teklimakan: a handbook of Modern Uyghur

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Engesæ th, Tarjei; Yakup, Mahire; Dwyer, Arienne M.

    2009-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

    uniFEE1uniFEFBuniFE8EuniFEB3 uniFEE6uniFBE8uniFEAAuniFEE7uniFE8EuniFEDBuniFE8EuniFEE4uniFBE9uniFEE0uniFEDBuniFEEAuniFE97 uniFEE5uniFE8EuniFEE3uniFE8DuniFEAF uniFEF0uniFED7uniFEAEuniFBE8uniFEAFuniFE8Euni06BE uniFEF0uniFEB4uniFBE9uniFCD5uni...FEFCuniFEDFuniFEEEuniFED7 uniFEF0uniFEE0uniFBE9uniFE97 uniFEADuniFBD8uniFED0uniFEF3uniFBD8uniFE8B Greetings from the Teklimakan: a handbook of Modern Uyghur Volume 1 Tarjei Engesæth, Mahire Yakup, and Arienne Dwyer Teklimakandin Salam / A Handbook...

  3. Heat Transfer Interface for Thermo-Solar Energy - Energy Innovation...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Thermal Solar Thermal Building Energy Efficiency Building Energy Efficiency Find More Like This Return to Search Heat Transfer Interface for Thermo-Solar Energy Lawrence Berkeley...

  4. accident code interfaces: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    operating systems 5 Flavour Les Houches Accord: Interfacing Flavour related Codes HEP - Experiment (arXiv) Summary: We present the Flavour Les Houches Accord (FLHA)...

  5. Linked Reactivity at Mineral-Water Interfaces Through Bulk Crystal...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    at mineral-water interfaces is of fundamental importance to geochemistry, but for minerals that are natural semiconductors the pursuit of mechanistic understanding is uniquely...

  6. Structure, defects, and strain in silicon-silicon oxide interfaces

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kova?evi?, Goran, E-mail: gkova@irb.hr; Pivac, Branko [Department of Materials Physics, Rudjer Boskovic Institute, Bijeni?ka 56, P.O.B. 180, HR-10002 Zagreb (Croatia)

    2014-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

    The structure of the interfaces between silicon and silicon-oxide is responsible for proper functioning of MOSFET devices while defects in the interface can deteriorate this function and lead to their failure. In this paper we modeled this interface and characterized its defects and strain. MD simulations were used for reconstructing interfaces into a thermodynamically stable configuration. In all modeled interfaces, defects were found in the form of three-coordinated silicon atom, five coordinated silicon atom, threefold-coordinated oxygen atom, or displaced oxygen atom. Three-coordinated oxygen atom can be created if dangling bonds on silicon are close enough. The structure and stability of three-coordinated silicon atoms (P{sub b} defect) depend on the charge as well as on the electric field across the interface. The negatively charged P{sub b} defect is the most stable one, but the electric field resulting from the interface reduces that stability. Interfaces with large differences in periodic constants of silicon and silicon oxide can be stabilized by buckling of silicon layer. The mechanical stress resulted from the interface between silicon and silicon oxide is greater in the silicon oxide layer. Ab initio modeling of clusters representing silicon and silicon oxide shows about three time larger susceptibility to strain in silicon oxide than in silicon if exposed to the same deformation.

  7. The plant-soil interface: understanding dynamic interactions...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    plant-soil interface: understanding dynamic interactions in the context of environmental change Gary Stacey 1 , Ljlijana Pasa-Tolic 2 , Himadri Pakrasi 3 , David Hoyt 2 , Alice...

  8. Interface Modifications by Anion Acceptors for High Energy Lithium...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Modifications by Anion Acceptors for High Energy Lithium Ion Batteries. Interface Modifications by Anion Acceptors for High Energy Lithium Ion Batteries. Abstract: Li-rich, Mn-rich...

  9. application program interface: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    3 A Java Application Programming Interface to a Multimedia Enhanced Object-Oriented DBMS Computer Technologies and Information Sciences Websites Summary: A Java Application...

  10. application programming interface: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    6 A Java Application Programming Interface to a Multimedia Enhanced Object-Oriented DBMS Computer Technologies and Information Sciences Websites Summary: A Java Application...

  11. Nitride semiconductor Surface and interface characterization and device design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Hongtao

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Lett. 80 , D. Schroder, Semiconductor Material and Devicein III-V Nitride Semiconductors: Applications and Devices ,SAN DIEGO Nitride Semiconductor Surface and Interface

  12. HCI AND SOFTWARE ENGINEERING FOR USER INTERFACE PLASTICITY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    52 HCI AND SOFTWARE ENGINEERING FOR USER INTERFACE PLASTICITY Joëlle analysis are perceived as too demand- ing in terms of time and competence

  13. adesiva da interface: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    in a landfill cap or base liner systemi Internal and Interface Shear Strength of Geosynthetic Clay Liners (GCLs) by John Scott Mc Strength of Geosynthetic Clay Liners (GCLs)...

  14. advanced user interface: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    overload and under load. First, we take a historical look at how the fields of human-computer interaction and artificial intelligence have viewed interface agent research....

  15. The formation of the positive, fixed charge at c-Si(111)/a-Si$_3$N$_{3.5}$:H interfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hintzsche, L E; Marsman, M; Lamers, M W P E; Weeber, A W; Kresse, G

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Modern electronic devices are unthinkable without the well-controlled formation of interfaces at heterostructures. These often involve at least one amorphous material. Modeling such interfaces poses a significant challenge, since a meaningful result can only be expected by using huge models or by drawing from many statistically independent samples. Here we report on the results of high throughput calculations for interfaces between crystalline silicon (c-Si) and amorphous silicon nitride (a-Si$_3$N$_{3.5}$:H), which are omnipresent in commercially available solar cells. The findings reconcile only partly understood key features. At the interface, threefold coordinated Si atoms are present. These are caused by the structural mismatch between the amorphous and crystalline part. The local Fermi level of undoped c-Si lies well below that of a-SiN:H. To align the Fermi levels in the device, charge is transferred from the a-SiN:H part to the c-Si part resulting in an abundance of positively charged, threefold coord...

  16. Evolution of the ATLAS Metadata Interface (AMI)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Odier, Jerome; The ATLAS collaboration; Fulachier, Jerome; Lambert, Fabian

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The ATLAS Metadata Interface (AMI) can be considered to be a mature application because it has existed for at least 10 years. Over the years, the number of users and the number of functions provided for these users has increased. It has been necessary to adapt the hardware infrastructure in a seamless way so that the Quality of Service remains high. We will describe the evolution of the application from the initial one, using single server with a MySQL backend database, to the current state, where we use a cluster of Virtual Machines on the French Tier 1 Cloud at Lyon, an ORACLE database backend also at Lyon, with replication to CERN using ORACLE streams behind a back-up server.

  17. Carbon-bearing fluids at nanoscale interfaces

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cole, David [Ohio State University; Ok, Salim [Ohio State University, Columbus; Phan, A [Ohio State University, Columbus; Rother, Gernot [ORNL; Striolo, Alberto [Oklahoma University; Vlcek, Lukas [ORNL

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The behaviour of fluids at mineral surfaces or in confined geometries (pores, fractures) typically differs from their bulk behaviour in many ways due to the effects of large internal surfaces and geometrical confinement. We summarize research performed on C-O-H fluids at nanoscale interfaces in materials of interest to the earth and material sciences (e.g., silica, alumina, zeolites, clays, rocks, etc.), emphasizing those techniques that assess microstructural modification and/or dynamical behaviour such as gravimetric analysis, small-angle (SANS) neutron scattering, and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR). Molecular dynamics (MD) simulations will be described that provide atomistic characterization of interfacial and confined fluid behaviour as well as aid in the interpretation of the neutron scattering results.

  18. Umbra's High Level Architecture (HLA) Interface

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    GOTTLIEB, ERIC JOSEPH; MCDONALD, MICHAEL J.; OPPEL III, FRED J.

    2002-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report describes Umbra's High Level Architecture HLA library. This library serves as an interface to the Defense Simulation and Modeling Office's (DMSO) Run Time Infrastructure Next Generation Version 1.3 (RTI NG1.3) software library and enables Umbra-based models to be federated into HLA environments. The Umbra library was built to enable the modeling of robots for military and security system concept evaluation. A first application provides component technologies that ideally fit the US Army JPSD's Joint Virtual Battlespace (JVB) simulation framework for Objective Force concept analysis. In addition to describing the Umbra HLA library, the report describes general issues of integrating Umbra with RTI code and outlines ways of building models to support particular HLA simulation frameworks like the JVB.

  19. Quantum Measurements: a modern view for quantum optics experimentalists

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aephraim M. Steinberg

    2014-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

    In these notes, based on lectures given as part of the Les Houches summer school on Quantum Optics and Nanophotonics in August, 2013, I have tried to give a brief survey of some important approaches and modern tendencies in quantum measurement. I wish it to be clear from the outset that I shy explicitly away from the "quantum measurement problem," and that the present treatment aims to elucidate the theory and practice of various ways in which measurements can, in light of quantum mechanics, be carried out; and various formalisms for describing them. While the treatment is by necessity largely theoretical, the emphasis is meant to be on an experimental "perspective" on measurement -- that is, to place the priority on the possibility of gaining information through some process, and then attempting to model that process mathematically and consider its ramifications, rather than stressing a particular mathematical definition as the {\\it sine qua non} of measurement. The textbook definition of measurement as being a particular set of mathematical operations carried out on particular sorts of operators has been so well drilled into us that many have the unfortunate tendency of saying "that experiment can't be described by projections onto the eigenstates of a Hermitian operator, so it is not really a measurement," when of course any practitioner of an experimental science such as physics should instead say "that experiment allowed us to measure something, and if the standard theory of measurement does not describe it, the standard theory of measurement is incomplete." Idealisations are important, but when the real world breaks the approximations made in the theory, it is the theory which must be fixed, and not the real world.

  20. The Emergence of the Modern Universe: Tracing the Cosmic Web

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. M. Shull; B. D. Savage; J. A. Morse; S. G. Neff; J. T. Clarke; T. Heckman; A. L. Kinney; E. B. Jenkins; A. K. Dupree; S. A. Baum; H. Hasan

    1999-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

    This is the report of the Ultraviolet-Optical Working Group (UVOWG) commissioned by NASA to study the scientific rationale for new missions in ultraviolet/optical space astronomy approximately ten years from now, when the Hubble Space Telescope (HST) is de-orbited. The UVOWG focused on a scientific theme, The Emergence of the Modern Universe, the period from redshifts z = 3 to 0, occupying over 80% of cosmic time and beginning after the first galaxies, quasars, and stars emerged into their present form. We considered high-throughput UV spectroscopy (10-50x throughput of HST/COS) and wide-field optical imaging (at least 10 arcmin square). The exciting science to be addressed in the post-HST era includes studies of dark matter and baryons, the origin and evolution of the elements, and the major construction phase of galaxies and quasars. Key unanswered questions include: Where is the rest of the unseen universe? What is the interplay of the dark and luminous universe? How did the IGM collapse to form the galaxies and clusters? When were galaxies, clusters, and stellar populations assembled into their current form? What is the history of star formation and chemical evolution? Are massive black holes a natural part of most galaxies? A large-aperture UV/O telescope in space (ST-2010) will provide a major facility in the 21st century for solving these scientific problems. The UVOWG recommends that the first mission be a 4m aperture, SIRTF-class mission that focuses on UV spectroscopy and wide-field imaging. In the coming decade, NASA should investigate the feasibility of an 8m telescope, by 2010, with deployable optics similar to NGST. No high-throughput UV/Optical mission will be possible without significant NASA investments in technology, including UV detectors, gratings, mirrors, and imagers.

  1. The Visible Universe at the Light of Modern Statistical Physics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    L. Pietronero; F. Sylos Labini; M. Montuori

    1997-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

    In the last years there has been a growing interest in the understanding a vast variety of scale invariant and critical phenomena occurring in nature. Experiments and observations indeed suggest that many physical systems develop spontaneously correlations with power law behaviour both in space and time. Pattern formation, aggregation phenomena, biological systems, geological systems, disordered materials, clustering of matter in the universe are just some of the fields in which scale invariance has been observed as a common and basic feature. However, the fact that certain structures exhibit fractal and complex properties does not tell us why this happens. A crucial point to understand is therefore the origin of the general scale-invariance of natural phenomena. This would correspond to the understanding of the origin of fractal structures and of the properties of Self- Organized Criticality (SOC) from the knowledge of the microscopic physical processes at the basis of these phenomena. Fractal geometry can play a crucial role in extracting the correct physical properties from experimental data. In particular, the recent availability of complete three dimensional samples of galaxies and clusters permits a direct study of their spatial properties. We present a brief review of galaxy correlations based on the methods of modern Statistical Physics. These methods are able to identify self-similar and non-analytical properties, and allow us to test the usual homogeneity assumption of luminous matter distribution. The new analysis shows that all the available data are consistent with each other and show fractal correlations (with dimension $D \\simeq 2$) up to the deepest scales probed until now ($1000 \\hmp$)

  2. Atomic and Electronic Structure and Chemistry of Ceramic/Metal Interfaces. Final Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Seidman, D. N.

    2006-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

    Materials containing ceramic and metal phases play a significant role in modern materials technology.

  3. Monumentality and its shadows : a quest for modern Greek architectural discourse in nineteenth-century Athens (1834-1862)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fatsea, Irene D

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The dissertation traces the sources of modern Greek architectural discourse in the first period of the modern Greek State following Independence and under the monarchy of Bavarian King Othon I (1834-1862). Its intent is ...

  4. Published as: Aerts, D., 1998, "The entity and modern physics: the creation-discovery view of reality", in Interpreting Bodies: Classical and Quantum Objects in Modern Physics, ed. Castellani, E., Princeton

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aerts, Diederik

    Published as: Aerts, D., 1998, "The entity and modern physics: the creation-discovery view of reality", in Interpreting Bodies: Classical and Quantum Objects in Modern Physics, ed. Castellani, E., Princeton University Press, Princeton. The entity and modern physics: the creation-discovery- view

  5. The Nano-Micro Interface Bridging the Micro

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cao, Guozhong

    The Nano-Micro Interface Bridging the Micro and Nano Worlds. Edited by Hans-Jörg Fecht and Matthias- tion among researchers. The book The Nano-Micro Interface: Bridging the Micro and Nano Worlds fills one of these gaps. More specifically, this book, as its subtitle indicates, bridges the micro and nano worlds

  6. MIMESIS: Interactive Interface for Mass-Interaction Matthieu Evrard

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MIMESIS: Interactive Interface for Mass-Interaction Modeling Matthieu Evrard ICA Laboratory introduces MIMESIS, a end-user software based on mass-interaction modeling. In MIMESIS, the mass-interaction-based modeling, simulation, animation, mass-interaction network, user-friendly interface, animation language. 1

  7. A Generic FMU Interface for Modelica Wuzhu Chen1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhao, Yuxiao

    A Generic FMU Interface for Modelica Wuzhu Chen1 Michaela Huhn1 Peter Fritzson2 1 Department-up Unit (FMU) into Modelica simulators, specifically the Open- Modelica environment. Whereas other, this approach tries to provide a generic Modelica interface for embedding an FMU to be imported into a Modelica

  8. Sliding Interfaces for Eddy Current Simulations Raffael Casagrande

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hiptmair, Ralf

    Sliding Interfaces for Eddy Current Simulations Raffael Casagrande Supervisor: Prof. Dr. Ralf Interfaces for Eddy Current April 17th, 2013 1 / 25 #12;Outline 1 Introduction Motivation 2 Deriving the eddy current model Maxwell's Equations in a moving frame The eddy current model in a moving frame 3

  9. On Building a Search Interface Discovery System Denis Shestakov

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hammerton, James

    known as the deep Web is ac- cessible via search interfaces to myriads of databases on the Web. While interfaces to online databases is crucial for any application accessing the deep Web. This paper describes- tentionally designed to be used in the deep web characterization surveys and for constructing directories

  10. Plastic flow in solids with interfaces Anurag Gupta

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Plastic flow in solids with interfaces Anurag Gupta David. J. Steigmann November 22, 2011 Abstract a plastically deforming solid is developed. The irreversible dynamics of the interface are driven by its normal motion, incoherency (slip and misorientation), and an intrinsic plastic flow; and purely by plastic

  11. Optical Neural Interfaces Melissa R. Warden,1,2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deisseroth, Karl

    Optical Neural Interfaces Melissa R. Warden,1,2 Jessica A. Cardin,5,6 and Karl Deisseroth2,3,4 1 Genetically encoded optical actuators and indicators have changed the land- scape of neuroscience, enabling review the development of optical neural interfaces, focusing on hardware designed for optical control

  12. Interface Between Engineering and Market Operations in Restructured Electricity Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oren, Shmuel S.

    Interface Between Engineering and Market Operations in Restructured Electricity Systems HUNG of engineering management. Wholesale markets bring economic and financial aspects that alter the context in which addressed are those relevant to the interface between engineering aspects of system operations, and economic

  13. Browser Interfaces and Extended Validation SSL Certificates: An Empirical Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Van Oorschot, Paul

    Browser Interfaces and Extended Validation SSL Certificates: An Empirical Study Robert Biddle provided by SSL certificates and browser interfaces in the face of var- ious attacks. As one response, basic SSL server certificates are being demoted to second-class status in conjunction

  14. Ice Storm Damage Greater Along the Terrestrial-Aquatic Interface

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kraft, Clifford E.

    Ice Storm Damage Greater Along the Terrestrial-Aquatic Interface in Forested Landscapes Andrew A- tems. In 1998, a severe ice storm damaged over ten million hectares of forest across northern New York investigated the spatial arrangement of forest damage at the terrestrial-aquatic interface, an ecological edge

  15. Ghosts in the Machine: Interfaces for Better Power Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Flinn, Jason

    Ghosts in the Machine: Interfaces for Better Power Management Manish Anand, Edmund B. Nightingale observe that the modularity of current power manage­ ment algorithms often leads to poor results. We propose two new interfaces that pierce the abstraction barrier that in­ hibits device power management

  16. Ghosts in the Machine: Interfaces for Better Power Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eustice, Ryan

    Ghosts in the Machine: Interfaces for Better Power Management Manish Anand, Edmund B. Nightingale observe that the modularity of current power manage- ment algorithms often leads to poor results. We propose two new interfaces that pierce the abstraction barrier that in- hibits device power management

  17. ccsd00000893 Sliding Friction at a Rubber/Brush Interface

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ccsd­00000893 (version 1) : 28 Nov 2003 Sliding Friction at a Rubber/Brush Interface Lionel Bureau(dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS) rubber network sliding, at low velocity, on a substrate on which PDMS chains are end-tethered. We studied the behaviour of such rubber/brush interfaces at high sliding velocities and showed

  18. ESTIMATION OF INTERFACE COHESIVE LAWS BY DIGITAL IMAGE CORRELATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    material to mimic carbon fibres. This choice enables the use of planar specimen for which the application a composite material with specific properties a relationship between the interface adhesion and fracture conditions, (c) Interface cohesive law. 2. MATERIALS AND SPECIMEN GEOMETRY Planar glassy carbon (SIGRADUR G

  19. PUZZLE PIECE TOPOLOGY: DETECTING ARRANGEMENTS IN SMART OBJECTS INTERFACES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scarlatos, Lori

    to worry about how to give instructions to a machine. Yet building a smart objects interface is nonPUZZLE PIECE TOPOLOGY: DETECTING ARRANGEMENTS IN SMART OBJECTS INTERFACES Lori L. Scarlatos Brooklyn College, CIS 2900 Bedford Ave., Brooklyn, NY 11210 lori@sci.brooklyn.cuny.edu ABSTRACT Smart

  20. Fourier Transform Heterodyne Spectroscopy of Liquid Interfaces A thesis presented

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mazur, Eric

    Fourier Transform Heterodyne Spectroscopy of Liquid Interfaces A thesis presented by Doo Soo Chung Abstract This thesis describes the application of a novel Fourier transform heterodyne spectroscopy of fluid interfaces 3 1.4 Organization of this thesis 5 2 Fourier Transform Heterodyne Spectroscopy 7 2

  1. Development of an integrated building design information interface

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Punjabi, Sonia Arjun

    2005-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

    with each other? [2, 15]. A Graphical User Interface (GUI) is a type of computer human interface. GUI?s usually have common characteristics such as Windows, Icons, Menus, and Push-buttons (WIMP). Collectively, WIMP are pictures that bring forth a certain... .............................................................................14 Methods of Usability Testing...................................................................15 III RESEARCH METHODOLOGY .........................................................................16 Steps Involved in the Creation of New...

  2. COMPARISON OF SINGLE AND MULTI GEOSYNTHETIC AND SOIL INTERFACE TESTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , geosynthetic clay liner (GCL)/geomembrane, and soil/geosynthetic interfaces. This comparison shows an agreement and Choi 2004). A composite liner system consisting of multiple geosynthetic components, Liquid CollectionCOMPARISON OF SINGLE AND MULTI GEOSYNTHETIC AND SOIL INTERFACE TESTS Timothy D. Stark1 , Fawad S

  3. Non-Intrusive User Interfaces for Interactive Digital Television Experiences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Non-Intrusive User Interfaces for Interactive Digital Television Experiences Pablo Cesar1 , Dick C.Cruz-Lara@loria.fr, Julien.Ducret@loria.fr Abstract. This paper presents a model and architecture for non-intrusive user to consume and interact with television content. We refer to this model as non-intrusive user interfaces

  4. Identification of fluids and an interface between fluids

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Lee, D.O.; Wayland, J.R. Jr.

    1988-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

    Complex impedance measured over a predefined frequency range is used to determine the identity of different oils in a column. The location of an interface between the oils is determined from the percent frequency effects of the complex impedance measured across the interface. 4 figs.

  5. Diuse interface surface tension models in an expanding ow

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Soatto, Stefano

    Diuse interface surface tension models in an expanding ow Wangyi Liu, Andrea L. Bertozzi , and Theodore Kolokolnikov November 22, 2010 Abstract We consider a diusive interface surface tension model principle. 1 Background There is a need to develop simple computational models for surface tension

  6. A review of "Borders and Travellers in Early Modern Europe" edited by Thomas Betteridge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McJannet, Linda

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    worked from very similar assumptions about the need for hermeneutic stability. Thomas Betteridge, ed. Borders and Travellers in Early Modern Europe. Aldershot:: Ashgate, 2007. vi + 196 pp. $99.95. Review by Li n d a McJa n n e t , Be n t L e y un i v... e r s i t y . As described by editor Thomas Betteridge, Borders and Travellers in Early Modern Europe provides ?a trans-European interdisciplinary inter- rogation of borders and travel in early modern Europe? (12). Of the eleven essays...

  7. Detachment Energies of Spheroidal Particles from Fluid-Fluid Interfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gary B. Davies; Timm Krüger; Peter V. Coveney; Jens Harting

    2014-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

    The energy required to detach a single particle from a fluid-fluid interface is an important parameter for designing certain soft materials, for example, emulsions stabilised by colloidal particles, colloidosomes designed for targeted drug delivery, and bio-sensors composed of magnetic particles adsorbed at interfaces. For a fixed particle volume, prolate and oblate spheroids attach more strongly to interfaces because they have larger particle-interface areas. Calculating the detachment energy of spheroids necessitates the difficult measurement of particle-liquid surface tensions, in contrast with spheres, where the contact angle suffices. We develop a simplified detachment energy model for spheroids which depends only on the particle aspect ratio and the height of the particle centre of mass above the fluid-fluid interface. We use lattice Boltzmann simulations to validate the model and provide quantitative evidence that the approach can be applied to simulate particle-stabilized emulsions, and highlight the experimental implications of this validation.

  8. Ultracapacitor/battery electronic interface development. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    King, R.D.; Salasoo, L.; Schwartz, J.; Cardinal, M.

    1998-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

    A flexible, highly efficient laboratory proof-of-concept Ultracapacitor/Battery Interface power electronic circuit with associated controls was developed on a cost-shared contract funded by the US Department of Energy (DOE), the New York State Energy Research and Development Authority (NYSERDA), and the General Electric Company (GE). This power electronic interface translates the varying dc voltage on an ultracapacitor with bi-directional power flow to the dc bus of an inverter-supplied ac propulsion system in an electric vehicle application. In a related application, the electronic interface can also be utilized to interface a low-voltage battery to a dc bus of an inverter supplied ac propulsion system. Variations in voltage for these two intended applications occur (1) while extracting energy (discharge) or supplying energy (charge) to an ultracapacitor, and (2) while extracting energy (discharge) or supplying energy (charge) to a low-voltage battery. The control electronics of this interface is designed to be operated as a stand-alone unit acting in response to an external power command. However, the interface unit`s control is not configured to provide any of the vehicle system control functions associated with load leveling or power splitting between the propulsion battery and the ultracapacitor in an electric or hybrid vehicle application. A system study/preliminary design effort established the functional specification of the interface unit, including voltage, current, and power ratings, to meet the program objectives and technical goals for the development of a highly efficient ultracapacitor/battery electronic interface unit; and performed a system/application study of a hybrid-electric transit bus including an ultracapacitor and appropriate electronic interface. The maximum power capability of the ultracapacitor/battery electronic interface unit is 25 kW.

  9. June 4, 2005. Rev. June 10,17, 05. Do the Causal Principles of Modern Physics Contradict

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 June 4, 2005. Rev. June 10,17, 05. Do the Causal Principles of Modern Physics Contradict Causal. To defend this view, I now argue that the causal notions and principles of modern physics do not express by the casual observer of modern physics, for the field is replete with talk of causal relations and causal

  10. Modern Physics II: PH 352-4B & PH 352L-G7 Spring Semester 2009

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Camata, Renato P.

    Modern Physics II: PH 352-4B & PH 352L-G7 Spring Semester 2009 Time and location: Mondays, Tuesdays.html Modern Physics for Scientists and Engineers Thornton & Rex, 3rd Ed., 2006 Publisher: Thomson-Brooks/Cole ISBN: 0534417817 ISBN13: 9780534417819 Textbook Errata: http://modern.physics.virginia.edu/Book/errata3

  11. Spring 1999 Syllabus for PHYS 320: Modern Physics Dr. Alison Baski, Oliver Hall North-Room 2017

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baski, Alison

    Spring 1999 Syllabus for PHYS 320: Modern Physics Instructor Dr. Alison Baski, Oliver Hall North/ Office Hours: Mon 1-3 pm or by appointment (Rm 2017) OPTIONAL Textbook Modern Physics for Scientists be useful to read : 1-10, 12-14, 16, 17. Note: ANY modern physics book will have sections on material

  12. AAPPS Bulletin April 2008, Vol. 18, No. 2 11 A Perspective of Frontiers in Modern Condensed Matter Physics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yeh, Nai-Chang

    Physics A Perspective of Frontiers in Modern Condensed Matter Physics Nai-Chang Yeh Department of Physics, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California 91125, USA Articles Modern condensed matter physics research frontiers in modern condensed matter physics without getting too much into the technical details

  13. Experimental Security Analysis of a Modern Automobile Karl Koscher, Alexei Czeskis, Franziska Roesner, Shwetak Patel, and Tadayoshi Kohno

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hu, Fei

    Experimental Security Analysis of a Modern Automobile Karl Koscher, Alexei Czeskis, Franziska: {s,dlmccoy,brian,d8anders,hovav,savage}@cs.ucsd.edu Abstract--Modern automobiles are no longer mere evaluate these issues on a modern automobile and demonstrate the fragility of the underlying system

  14. Experimental Progress Report--Modernizing the Fission Basis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Macri, R A

    2012-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

    In 2010 a proposal (Modernizing the Fission Basis) was prepared to 'resolve long standing differences between LANL and LLNL associated with the correct fission basis for analysis of nuclear test data'. Collaboration between LANL/LLNL/TUNL has been formed to implement this program by performing high precision measurements of neutron induced fission product yields as a function of incident neutron energy. This new program benefits from successful previous efforts utilizing mono-energetic neutrons undertaken by this collaboration. The first preliminary experiment in this new program was performed between July 24-31, 2011 at TUNL and had 2 main objectives: (1) demonstrating the capability to measure characteristic {gamma}-rays from specific fission products; (2) studying background effects from room scattered neutrons. In addition, a new dual fission ionization chamber has been designed and manufactured. The production design of the chamber is shown in the picture below. The first feasibility experiment to test this chamber is scheduled at the TUNL Tandem Laboratory from September 19-25, 2011. The dual fission chamber design will allow simultaneous exposure of absolute fission fragment emission rate detectors and the thick fission activation foils, positioned between the two chambers. This document formalizes the earlier experimental report demonstrating the experimental capability to make accurate (< 2 %) precision gamma-ray spectroscopic measurements of the excitation function of high fission product yields of the 239Pu(n,f) reaction (induced by quasimonoenergetic neutrons). A second experiment (9/2011) introduced an compact double-sided fission chamber into the experimental arrangement, and so the relative number of incident neutrons striking the sample foil at each bombarding energy is limited only by statistics. (The number of incident neutrons often limits the experimental accuracy.) Fission chamber operation was so exceptional that 2 more chambers have been fabricated; thus fission foils of different isotopes may be left in place with sample changes. The scope of the measurements is both greatly expanded and the results become vetted. Experiment 2 is not reported here. A continuing experiment has been proposed for February 2012.

  15. A review of "Framing ‘India’: The Colonial Imaginary in Early Modern Culture." by Shankar Raman

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nagendra Rao

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and relatively autonomous historical conditions pre- vailing in early modern Europe? (4). Raman argues that from antiquity onwards India functioned as an important boundary through and against which Christian Europe constructed distinc- tive forms of identity...

  16. High-level Functions for Modern Control Systems: A Practical Example

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Varela, F; Golonka, P; Gonzalez-Berges, M; Petrova, L B

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Modern control systems make wide usage of different IT technologies and complex computational techniques to render the data gathered accessible from different locations and devices, as well as to understand and even predict the behaviour of the systems under supervision.

  17. In the shadow of segregation : women's identity in the modern Iraqi house

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ani, Raya H

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis intends to develop a critical perspective on the culture and politics of the modern house in Iraq. It advances the discussion from the authoritative religious environment of women's segregation in the Islamic ...

  18. The Feasibility of Natural Gas as a Fuel Source for Modern Land-Based Drilling Rigs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nunn, Andrew Howard

    2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this study is to determine the feasibility of replacing diesel with natural gas as a fuel source for modern drilling rigs. More specifically, this thesis (1) establishes a control baseline by examining operational characteristics...

  19. Regulation, architecture and modernism in the United States, 1890-1920

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Osman, Michael

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This dissertation examines the modernization of the United States through a group of regulatory techniques and institutions that emerged in the early twentieth century. In this period, conceptions of power based on ...

  20. The face of the German house : modernization and cultural anxiety in twentieth-century architectural photographs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weiss, Kirsten (Kirsten Anne)

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This dissertation proposes that architectural photography-which became an independent genre in twentieth century Germany-was a primary route along which the cultural and political conflicts of modernization were addressed ...

  1. Review of War at a Distance: Romanticism and the Making of Modern Wartime

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jackson, Noel B.

    Mary Favret’s War at a Distance: Romanticism and the Making of Modern Wartime is a brilliant, beautifully written book on the experience of war in British Romantic writing. Offering intricate close readings of Cowper, ...

  2. TESTING VIRGINITY: HIV/AIDS, MODERNITY & ETHNICITY IN POST-APARTHEID SOUTH AFRICA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leak, Tia-Nicole

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    1964. Davenport, T.R.H. South Africa: a modern history. 4thIn The Oxford History of South Africa, edited by Monica L.Gilliomee. The shaping of South Africa 1652?1840. Cape Town:

  3. These phrases in English, French, pre-1917 Russian and modern Rus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1910-80-80T23:59:59.000Z

    These phrases in English, French, pre-1917 Russian and modern Rus- sian give you the first digits of ? = 3.14159265358979.... I don't know a similar German ...

  4. Piston ring design for reduced friction in modern internal combustion engines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smedley, Grant, 1978-

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Piston ring friction losses account for approximately 20% of the total mechanical losses in modern internal combustion engines. A reduction in piston ring friction would therefore result in higher efficiency, lower fuel ...

  5. Imaging and re-imaging public housing : from modernism to new urbanism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shumaker, Jeffrey C. (Jeffrey Craig), 1971-

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    When public housing was first introduced as a program on the heels of the Great Depression, its image was a largely positive one, resulting as it did from the confluence of modernism, marketing, and media representation. ...

  6. On the Dialectic of Silence: Klee, Kahn, and the Space of Transversal Modernity in Iran 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baradaran Mohajeri, Shima

    2013-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

    This dissertation connects the cultural theory of space with specific aesthetic and architectural practices in the history of modernism that are entangled with the past and present of Iran, its artifacts, and its politics. ...

  7. On the Dialectic of Silence: Klee, Kahn, and the Space of Transversal Modernity in Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baradaran Mohajeri, Shima

    2013-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

    This dissertation connects the cultural theory of space with specific aesthetic and architectural practices in the history of modernism that are entangled with the past and present of Iran, its artifacts, and its politics. As a response to different...

  8. Modernizing historical Slovene words with character-based SMT Yves Scherrer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Modernizing historical Slovene words with character-based SMT Yves Scherrer ALPAGE Université Paris- cently, character-based statistical machine trans- lation (C-SMT) (Vilar et al., 2007; Tiedemann, 2009

  9. Charm Physics (Charm 2010) International Journal of Modern Physics: Conference Series

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Charm Physics (Charm 2010) International Journal of Modern Physics: Conference Series Vol. 2 (2011) AT KEDR V. M. MALYSHEV (for KEDR collaboration) Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics, 11, Lavrentiev

  10. A review of "Moral Identity in Early Modern English Literature." by Paul Cefalu 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kuchar, Gary

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , religious, and cultural studies. Paul Cefalu. Moral Identity in Early Modern English Literature. Cambridge: Cambridge University, 2004. x + 225 pp. $75.00. Review by GARY KUCHAR, UNIVERSITY OF VICTORIA. Paul Cefalu?s Moral Identity makes the persuasive...

  11. New races, new media : the struggle for a modern American art, 1890-1925

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kroiz, Lauren

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    American modernism was formulated at the turn of the twentieth century, when artists and intellectuals became newly self-conscious of their aesthetic strategies in a rapidly urbanizing United States. During that same period, ...

  12. The periphery within : modern architecture and the making of the Third World

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Muzaffar, M. Ijlal (Muhammad Ijlal)

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This dissertation examines the critical role played by modern architecture and planning in shaping the discourse on Third World development after the Second World War. At stake here is an ignored dimension of the history ...

  13. Brain-computer interface controlled functional electrical stimulation system for ankle movement.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Do, An H; Wang, Po T; King, Christine E; Abiri, Ahmad; Nenadic, Zoran

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    N: Breaking the silence: Brain-computer interfaces (BCI) forsignal by a noninvasive brain-computer interface in humans.E: A novel P300-based brain- computer interface stimulus

  14. A Review of "Magic and Masculinity in Early Modern English Drama" by Ian McAdam

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tiffany, Grace

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    that forces readers to reconsider women?s mobility in traversing both physical and culturally sanctioned boundaries. Ian McAdam. Magic and Masculinity in Early Modern English Drama. Pittsburgh: Duquesne University Press, 2009. v + 466 pp. $60. Review... by grace tiffany, western michigan university. Ambitiously, Ian McAdam surveys over half a century?s worth of selected plays by seven major authors to advance his thesis regarding the changing significance of magic and magicians to the early modern...

  15. A review of "Education and Women in the Early Modern Hispanic World" by Elizabeth Teresa Howe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kallendorf, Hillaire

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and Women in the Early Modern Hispanic World. Women and Gender in the Early Modern World, 7. Aldershot, UK: Ashgate, 2008. xiv + 240pp. + 11 b&w ill. 50.00. Review by Hi l a i r e Ka l l e n d o r f , Te x a s a&M Un i v e r s i T y This fascinating...

  16. A Review of "Poetry and Parental Bereavement in Early Modern Lutheran Germany" by Anna Linton

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boettcher, Susan R.

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    204 seventeenth-century news Anna Linton. Poetry and Parental Bereavement in Early Modern Lutheran Germany. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2008. xvi + 319 pp. $110.00. Review by susan r. boettcher, university of texas at austin. Anna Linton... among Lutheran authors in early modern Germany. As sources, she uses sixteenth- and seventeenth-century commemorative poetry, books of consolation, and funeral publications found at the Herzog August Bibliothek in Wolfenb...

  17. Late Pleistocene Neandertal-Early Modern Human Population Dynamics: The Dental Evidence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Springer, Victoria Suzanne

    2013-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

    and the College of Liberal Arts at Texas A&M University. vii NOMENCLATURE EMH Early modern human mtDNA mitochondrial DNA TL Thermoluminescence ESR Electron spin resonance F1 First generation ASUDAS Arizona State University Dental Anthropology... migrated throughout the rest of the Old World, variably assimilating and replacing archaic populations, including the Neandertals in Europe (Br?uer 1984; Holliday 1999; Smith et al. 1989; 2005; Trinkaus 2007). Dating of the earliest modern humans...

  18. A Review of "Oral Culture and Catholicism in Early Modern England" by Alison Shell

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Landrum, Robert

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    reviews 123 Alison Shell. Oral Culture and Catholicism in Early Modern England. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007. xiv + 244 pp. $95.00. Review by robert landrum, university of south carolina beaufort. In Oral Culture and Catholicism... in Early Modern England Alison Shell assigns herself an ambitious task, to assess the impact of post-Refor- mation Catholicism on England?s oral culture. It is an investigation of a persecuted and deliberately opaque subculture through the use...

  19. A review of "Roman Triumphs and Early Modern English Culture." by Anthony Miller

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michael Ullyot

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    that it would be merely ill-mannered to quibble over minor ingredients in the recipe. Anthony Miller. Roman Triumphs and Early Modern English Culture. Houndmills and New York: Palgrave, 2001. vii + 223 pp. + 7 illus. $45.00. Review by MICHAEL ULLYOT... ouer death.? Upon reading Anthony Miller?s Roman Triumphs and Early Modern English Culture, one can appreciate a further reason for Henry?s funeral triumph. Originating in Roman ceremonial displays of military and imperial vigour, triumphs serve...

  20. A review of "Domestic Arrangements in Early Modern England." by Kari McBride ed.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karen L. Raber

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    so much worthy food for thought that it would be merely ill-mannered to quibble over minor ingredients in the recipe. Anthony Miller. Roman Triumphs and Early Modern English Culture. Houndmills and New York: Palgrave, 2001. vii + 223 pp. + 7 illus... wanted breath, / Yet he should ride in tryumph ouer death.? Upon reading Anthony Miller?s Roman Triumphs and Early Modern English Culture, one can appreciate a further reason for Henry?s funeral triumph. Originating in Roman ceremonial displays...

  1. Brain-Computer Interfaces and Quantum Robots

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eliano Pessa; Paola zizzi

    2009-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

    The actual (classical) Brain-Computer Interface attempts to use brain signals to drive suitable actuators performing the actions corresponding to subject's intention. However this goal is not fully reached, and when BCI works, it does only in particular situations. The reason of this unsatisfactory result is that intention cannot be conceived simply as a set of classical input-output relationships. It is therefore necessary to resort to quantum theory, allowing the occurrence of stable coherence phenomena, in turn underlying high-level mental processes such as intentions and strategies. More precisely, within the context of a dissipative Quantum Field Theory of brain operation it is possible to introduce generalized coherent states associated, within the framework of logic, to the assertions of a quantum metalanguage. The latter controls the quantum-mechanical computing corresponding to standard mental operation. It thus become possible to conceive a Quantum Cyborg in which a human mind controls, through a quantum metalanguage, the operation of an artificial quantum computer.

  2. Molecular thermodynamics of polymer melts at interfaces

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Theodorou, D.N.

    1988-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A lattice model is developed for the prediction of structure and thermodynamic properties at free polymer melt surfaces and polymer melt/solid interfaces. Density variations in the interfacial region are taken into account by introducing voids in the lattice, in the spirit of the equation of state theory of Sanchez and Lacombe. Intramolecular energy (chain stiffness) effects are explicitly incorporated. The model is derived through a rigorous statistical mechanical and thermodynamic analysis, which is based on the concept of availability. Two cases are considered: ''full equilibrium,'' whereby the interfacial polymer is taken as free to exchange heat, work and mass with a bulk polymer phase at given temperature and pressure; and ''restricted equilibrium,'' whereby a thin polymer film is allowed to equilibrate locally in response to ambient temperature and pressure, but in which chains do not necessarily have the same chemical potential as in the unconstrained bulk. Techniques are developed for calculating surface tension, adhesion tension, density profiles, chain shape, bond orientation, as well as the distribution of segments of various orders in the interfacial region. 28 refs., 6 figs.

  3. Robust interface between flying and topological qubits

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zheng-Yuan Xue; Ming Gong; Jia Liu; Yong Hu; Shi-Liang Zhu; Z. D. Wang

    2014-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

    Hybrid architectures, consisting of conventional and topological qubits, have recently attracted much attention due to their capability in consolidating the robustness of topological qubits and the universality of conventional qubits. However, these two kinds of qubits are normally constructed in significantly different energy scales, and thus this energy mismatch is a major obstacle for their coupling that supports the exchange of quantum information between them. Here, we propose a microwave photonic quantum bus for a direct strong coupling between the topological and conventional qubits, in which the energy mismatch is compensated by the external driving field via the fractional ac Josephson effect. In the framework of tight-binding simulation and perturbation theory, we show that the energy splitting of the topological qubits in a finite length nanowire is still robust against local perturbations, which is ensured not only by topology, but also by the particle-hole symmetry. Therefore, the present scheme realizes a robust interface between the flying and topological qubits. Finally, we demonstrate that this quantum bus can also be used to generate multipartitie entangled states with the topological qubits.

  4. Open-split interface for mass spectrometers

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Diehl, John W. (Grand Forks, ND)

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An open-split interface includes a connector body having four leg members projecting therefrom within a single plane, the first and third legs being coaxial and the second and fourth legs being coaxial. A tubular aperture extends through the first and third legs and a second tubular aperture extends through the second and fourth legs, connecting at a juncture within the center of the connector body. A fifth leg projects from the connector body and has a third tubular aperture extending therethrough to the juncture of the first and second tubular apertures. A capillary column extends from a gas chromatograph into the third leg with its end adjacent the juncture. A flow restrictor tube extends from a mass spectrometer through the first tubular aperture in the first and third legs and into the capillary columnm end, so as to project beyond the end of the third leg within the capillary column. An annular gap between the tube and column allows excess effluent to pass to the juncture. A pair of short capillary columns extend from separate detectors into the second tubular aperture in the second and fourth legs, and are oriented with their ends spaced slightly from the first capillary column end. A sweep flow tube is mounted in the fifth leg so as to supply a helium sweep flow to the juncture.

  5. 2012 High Performance Computing Modernization Program Contributions to DoD Mission Success Computational Studies of Oxidation States, Polar Ferroelectric Films, and Defects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rappe, Andrew M.

    2012 High Performance Computing Modernization Program Contributions to DoD Mission Success 137, we review our recent High Performance Computing Modernization Program (HPCMP)-supported density

  6. Approach to inherently stable interfaces for ceramic matrix composites

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Besmann, T.M.; Kupp, E.R.; Stinton, D.P. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Shanmugham, S. [Tennessee Univ., Knoxville, TN (United States). Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering

    1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Virtually all ceramic matrix composites require and interface coating between the fibers and matrix to achieve the desired mechanical performance. To date, the most effective interface materials for non- oxide matrix composites have been carbon and boron nitride. They are, however, susceptible to oxidation at elevated temperatures, and thus under many envisioned operating environments they will fail, possibly allowing oxidation of the fibers as well, adversely affecting mechanical behavior. Current efforts are directed toward developing stable interface coating, which include oxides and silicon carbide with appropriate thermomechanical properties.

  7. Utility of transient testing to characterize thermal interface materials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. Smith; T. Brunschwiler; B. Michel

    2008-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper analyzes a transient method for the characterization of low-resistance thermal interfaces of microelectronic packages. The transient method can yield additional information about the package not available with traditional static methods at the cost of greater numerical complexity, hardware requirements, and sensitivity to noise. While the method is established for package-level thermal analysis of mounted and assembled parts, its ability to measure the relatively minor thermal impedance of thin thermal interface material (TIM) layers has not yet been fully studied. We combine the transient thermal test with displacement measurements of the bond line thickness to fully characterize the interface.

  8. Quantum network of superconducting qubits through opto-mechanical interface

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang-qi Yin; W. L. Yang; L. Sun; L. M. Duan

    2015-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

    We propose a scheme to realize quantum networking of superconducting qubits based on the opto-mechanical interface. The superconducting qubits interact with the microwave photons, which then couple to the optical photons through the opto-mechanical interface. The interface generates a quantum link between superconducting qubits and optical flying qubits with tunable pulse shapes and carrier frequencies, enabling transmission of quantum information to other superconducting or atomic qubits. We show that the scheme works under realistic experimental conditions and it also provides a way for fast initialization of the superconducting qubits under 1 K instead of 20 mK operation temperature.

  9. Interface structure for hub and mass attachment in flywheel rotors

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Deteresa, S.J.; Groves, S.E.

    1998-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

    An interface structure is described for hub and mass attachment in flywheel rotors. The interface structure efficiently transmits high radial compression forces and withstands both large circumferential elongation and local stresses generated by mass-loading and hub attachments. The interface structure is comprised of high-strength fiber, such as glass and carbon, woven into an angle pattern which is about 45{degree} with respect to the rotor axis. The woven fiber is bonded by a ductile matrix material which is compatible with and adheres to the rotor material. This woven fiber is able to elongate in the circumferential direction to match the rotor growth during spinning. 2 figs.

  10. Interface structure for hub and mass attachment in flywheel rotors

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Deteresa, Steven J. (Livermore, CA); Groves, Scott E. (Brentwood, CA)

    1998-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

    An interface structure for hub and mass attachment in flywheel rotors. The interface structure efficiently transmits high radial compression forces and withstands both large circumferential elongation and local stresses generated by mass-loading and hub attachments. The interface structure is comprised of high-strength fiber, such as glass and carbon, woven into an angle pattern which is about 45.degree. with respect to the rotor axis. The woven fiber is bonded by a ductile matrix material which is compatible with and adheres to the rotor material. This woven fiber is able to elongate in the circumferential direction to match the rotor growth during spinning.

  11. THE PLANT SOIL INTERFACE: NICKEL BIOAVAILABILITY AND THE MECHANISMS OF PLANT HYPERACCUMULATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sparks, Donald L.

    THE PLANT SOIL INTERFACE: NICKEL BIOAVAILABILITY AND THE MECHANISMS OF PLANT HYPERACCUMULATION and Learning Company. #12;ii THE PLANT SOIL INTERFACE: NICKEL BIOAVAILABILITY AND THE MECHANISMS OF PLANT

  12. Tailoring for Today All About… Patern Selection - Fabric Selection - Contemporary Techniques - Fusible Interfacings - Finishing Tips.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Field, Barbara

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Applying Interfacing and Padding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Taping the Roll Line . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Steam Pressing... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Fusible Method . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Applying Interfacing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Pad Stitching Substitute...

  13. ORGANIZATIONAL, INTERFACE AND FINANCIAL BARRIERS TO THE COMMERCIAL DEVELOPMENT OF COMMUNITY ENERGY SYSTEMS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schladale, R.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ENVIRONMENT DIVISION ORGANIZATIONAL, INTERFACE AND FINANCIALENG-48 II LBL-1l188 ORGANIZATIONAL, INTERFACE AND FINANCIALScope Organization. ORGANIZATIONAL BARRIERS TO COMMUNITY

  14. Magnetism at spinel thin film interfaces probed through soft x-ray spectroscopy techniques

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chopdekar, R.V.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Magnetism at spinel thin ?lm interfaces probed through softachievable in bulk form. Magnetism at the interface regionand the origin of the magnetism from multiple magnetic

  15. NWTC Controllable Grid Interface (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    NREL's Controllable Grid Interface tests wind turbines off-line from the grid, verifies compliance with standards, and provides grid operators with the performance information they need for a faction of the time and cost it would take to test the turbine in the field. To understand the behavior of wind turbines during grid disturbances, manufacturers and utility grid operators need to perform a series of tests and accurate transient simulation studies. The latest edition of the IEC 61400-21 standard describes methods for such tests that include low voltage ride-through (LVRT), active power set-point control, ramp rate limitations, and reactive power capability tests. The IEC methods are being widely adopted on both national and international levels by wind turbine manufacturers, certification authorities, and utilities. Utility operators also need to estimate how much power wind turbines might be able provide to help regulate grid frequency during situations when they need additional energy quickly, and after design modifications or changes are made to control software, manufacturers may be required to retest their turbines. But testing wind turbines in the field can be a lengthy and expensive process often requiring manufacturers and utility operators to send equipment and personnel to remote locations for long periods of time. NREL's National Wind Technology Center (NWTC) has developed a new Controllable Grid Interface (CGI) test system that can significantly reduce the time and cost required to conduct these tests. The CGI is first test facility in the United States that has fault simulation capabilities and allows manufacturers and system operators to conduct the tests required for certification in a controlled laboratory environment. It is the only system in the world that is fully integrated with two dynamometers and has the capacity to extend that integration to turbines in the field and to a matrix of electronic and mechanical storage devices, all of which are located within close proximity on the same site. NREL's 7.5 MVA CGI tests wind turbines off-line from the grid, verifies compliance with standards, and provides grid operators with the performance information they need for a fraction of the time and cost it would take to test the turbine in the field. The system combines hardware and real-time control software and is designed to operate with the NWTC's 2.5-MW dynamometer as well as the center's new 5-MW dynamometer test facilities. It is designed to work with four types of wind turbines, photovoltaic systems, and energy storage inverters. Results from the dynamometer tests can also be used to fine tune and validate the dynamic models used in integration studies and help industry improve turbine performance and develop test standards for renewable technologies and energy storage.

  16. Thermostat Interface and Usability: A Survey

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Meier, Alan; Peffer, Therese; Pritoni, Marco; Aragon, Cecilia

    2010-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

    This report investigates the history of thermostats to better understand the context and legacy regarding the development of this important tool, as well as thermostats' relationships to heating, cooling, and other environmental controls. We analyze the architecture, interfaces, and modes of interaction used by different types of thermostats. For over sixty years, home thermostats have translated occupants' temperature preferences into heating and cooling system operations. In this position of an intermediary, the millions of residential thermostats control almost half of household energy use, which corresponds to about 10percent of the nation's total energy use. Thermostats are currently undergoing rapid development in response to emerging technologies, new consumer and utility demands, and declining manufacturing costs. Energy-efficient homes require more careful balancing of comfort, energy consumption, and health. At the same time, new capabilities will be added to thermostats, including scheduling, control of humidity and ventilation, responsiveness to dynamic electricity prices, and the ability to join communication networks inside homes. Recent studies have found that as many as 50percent of residential programmable thermostats are in permanent"hold" status. Other evaluations found that homes with programmable thermostats consumed more energy than those relying on manual thermostats. Occupants find thermostats cryptic and baffling to operate because manufacturers often rely on obscure, and sometimes even contradictory, terms, symbols, procedures, and icons. It appears that many people are unable to fully exploit even the basic features in today's programmable thermostats, such as setting heating and cooling schedules. It is important that people can easily, reliably, and confidently operate thermostats in their homes so as to remain comfortable while minimizing energy use.

  17. Power conversion architecture for grid interface at high switching frequency

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lim, Seungbum

    This paper presents a new power conversion architecture for single-phase grid interface. The proposed architecture is suitable for realizing miniaturized ac-dc converters operating at high frequencies (HF, above 3 MHz) and ...

  18. Human-computer interface including haptically controlled interactions

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Anderson, Thomas G.

    2005-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

    The present invention provides a method of human-computer interfacing that provides haptic feedback to control interface interactions such as scrolling or zooming within an application. Haptic feedback in the present method allows the user more intuitive control of the interface interactions, and allows the user's visual focus to remain on the application. The method comprises providing a control domain within which the user can control interactions. For example, a haptic boundary can be provided corresponding to scrollable or scalable portions of the application domain. The user can position a cursor near such a boundary, feeling its presence haptically (reducing the requirement for visual attention for control of scrolling of the display). The user can then apply force relative to the boundary, causing the interface to scroll the domain. The rate of scrolling can be related to the magnitude of applied force, providing the user with additional intuitive, non-visual control of scrolling.

  19. Frictional Widgets: Enhancing Touch Interfaces with Programmable Friction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levesque, Vincent

    Frictional Widgets: Enhancing Touch Interfaces with Programmable Friction Abstract Touch the design possibilities offered by augmenting touchscreens with programmable surface friction. Four exemplar of touch interactions can be enhanced when using a touchscreen with dynamically varied surface friction. We

  20. Comparing Two Haptic Interfaces for Multimodal Graph Rendering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yu, W.; Brewster, S.A.

    Yu,W. Brewster,S.A. 10th Symposium on Haptic Interfaces for Virtual Environment and Teleoperator Systems (Haptics 2002). (Florida USA) pp 3-9 IEEE Computer Society Press

  1. Granting Java Native Interface Developers Their Wishes Martin Hirzel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grimm, Robert

    also recon- ciling productivity, safety, portability, and efficiency. This paper presents Jeannie interface. By combining the two languages' syntax and semantics, Jean- nie eliminates verbose boiler legacy libraries, and improve efficiency. For example, most Java programs execute native code, since

  2. Tangible interfaces for manipulating aggregates of digital information

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ullmer, Brygg Anders

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis develops new approaches for people to physically represent and interact with aggregates of digital information. These support the concept of Tangible User Interfaces (TUIs), a genre of human-computer interaction ...

  3. Mending fractured spaces : external legibility and seamlessness in interface design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zigelbaum, Jamie B

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis presents External Legibility: a property of user interfaces that affects the ability of non-participating observers to understand the context of a user's actions. Claims of its value are supported with arguments ...

  4. Spatial user interface : augmenting human sensibilities in a domestic kitchen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Jackie Chia-Hsun

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The real world is not a computer screen. When can augmented reality and ambient interfaces improve the usability of a physical environment? This thesis presents data from design studies and experiments that demonstrate the ...

  5. Structure, Thermodynamics and Kinetics of Chemically Heterogeneous Interfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Palafox Hernandez, Jesus Pablo

    2011-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

    ), and a metal alloy interface (Cu-Pb). In both systems, interfacial prefreezing (crystal formation above the melting point of the fluid) was observed and this prefreezing was seen to promote heterogeneous nucleation, when the systems were cooled below...

  6. Human-computer interface incorporating personal and application domains

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Anderson, Thomas G. (Albuquerque, NM)

    2011-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

    The present invention provides a human-computer interface. The interface includes provision of an application domain, for example corresponding to a three-dimensional application. The user is allowed to navigate and interact with the application domain. The interface also includes a personal domain, offering the user controls and interaction distinct from the application domain. The separation into two domains allows the most suitable interface methods in each: for example, three-dimensional navigation in the application domain, and two- or three-dimensional controls in the personal domain. Transitions between the application domain and the personal domain are under control of the user, and the transition method is substantially independent of the navigation in the application domain. For example, the user can fly through a three-dimensional application domain, and always move to the personal domain by moving a cursor near one extreme of the display.

  7. Brain-computer interface controlled robotic gait orthosis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Do, An H; Wang, Po T; King, Christine E; Chun, Sophia N; Nenadic, Zoran

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    computer interface controlled robotic gait orthosis An H DoBCI operation. A commercial robotic gait orthosis (RoGO)based BCI system with a robotic gait orthosis (RoGO), and

  8. A goal-oriented user interface for personalized semantic search

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Faaborg, Alexander James

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Users have high-level goals when they browse the Web or perform searches. However, the two primary user interfaces positioned between users and the Web, Web browsers and search engines, have very little interest in users' ...

  9. SANCTUARY : asymmetric interfaces for game-based tablet learning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haas, Jason M. (Jason Matthew)

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis describes the production of Sanctuary, a multiplayer learning game to be played on two tablet computers. Sanctuary's principle innovation is the splitting of the user interface onto two tablets, separating ...

  10. Molecular characterization and evolutionary plasticity of protein-protein interfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bickerton, George Richard James

    are the percentage of interfaces having non- zero values for this interaction type. Interaction types per unit area for the overall non-redundant set. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99 3.11 Interaction types per unit area for obligate homodimers. . . . . . 100 3...

  11. A Hybrid Brain-computer Interface for Intelligent Prosthetics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cheng, Yu-Che

    2014-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

    Over the past few decades, many researcher have shown that human can use brain signals to communicate with computers or machines by using brain-computer interfaces (BCIs). BCI systems can measure the brain activity and translate them into control...

  12. Human-Machine Interface in Building Automation Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sobczak, N. L.

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    problem between the non-computer knowledgeable operator and the computer based Building Automation System. One of the solutions to this problem is the design and implementation of a human machine interface which educates the operator to utilize the system...

  13. Investigations of amino acid-based surfactants at liquid interfaces 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Dengliang

    2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Herein are presented collective studies of amino acid-based surfactants, also known as lipoamino acids, at liquid interfaces. Chapter III describes an investigation of domain morphology of N-Stearoylglutamic acid (N-SGA) ...

  14. Interface with the Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    1996-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

    The manual defines the process DOE will use to interface with the Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board and its staff. Canceled by DOE M 140.1-1A. Does not cancel other directives.

  15. Interface with the Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    1999-01-26T23:59:59.000Z

    This Manual presents the process the Department of Energy will use to interface with the Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board (DNFSB) and its staff. Cancels DOE M 140.1-1.

  16. Interface with the Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    2001-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

    This Manual presents the process the Department of Energy will use to interface with the Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board (DNFSB) and its staff. Cancels DOE M 140.1-1A.

  17. An abstract-device interface for implementing portable parallel-I/O interfaces

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Thakur, R.; Gropp, W.; Lusk, E. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States). Mathematics and Computer Science Div.

    1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Portable parallel programming has been hampered by the lack of a single, standard, portable application-programmer`s interface (API) for parallel I/O. Instead, the programmer must choose from several different APIs, many of which are not portable. To alleviate this problem, the authors have developed an abstract-device interface for parallel I/O, called ADIO. ADIO is not intended as a new API; rather, it is a strategy for implementing other APIs in a simple, portable, and efficient manner. ADIO facilitates the implementation of any existing or new API on any existing or new file system. ADIO thus enables users to experiment with different APIs, a feature that, they think, would help in the definition of a standard API. It also makes existing applications portable across a wide range of platforms. In this paper, they introduce the concept of ADIO. They describe the design of ADIO and its use in implementing APIs. They have currently implemented subsets of the Intel PFS, IBM PIOFS, and MPI-IO APIs on both the PFS and PIOFS file systems. As a result, they are able to run IBM PIOFS applications on the Intel Paragon, Intel PFS applications on the IBM SP, and MPI-IO applications on both systems. They report performance results obtained from two test programs and one real production application on the SP and Paragon. These results indicate that the performance overhead of using ADIO as an implementation strategy is negligible.

  18. RoboCon: Operator interface for robotic applications. Final report: RoboCon electrical interfacing -- system architecture, and Interfacing NDDS and LabView

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schempf, H.

    1998-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

    The first appendix contains detailed specifications of the electrical interfacing employed in Robocon. This includes all electrical signals and power requirement descriptions up to and including the interface entry points for external robots and systems. The reader is first presented with an overview of the overall Robocon electrical system, followed by sub-sections describing each module in detail. The appendices contain listings of power requirements and the electrical connectors and cables used, followed by an overall electrical system diagram. Custom electronics employed are also described. The Network Data Delivery Service (NDDS) is a real-time dissemination communications architecture which allows nodes on a network to publish data and subscribe to data published by other nodes while remaining anonymous. The second appendix explains how to facilitate a seamless interface between NDDS and LabView and provides sample source code used to implement an NDDS consumer which writes a string to a socket.

  19. An Experiment to Tame the Plasma Material Interface

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Goldston, R J; Menard, J E; Allain, J P; Brooks, J N; Canik, J M; Doerner, R; Fu, G; Gates, D A; Gentile, C A; Harris, J H; Hassanein, A; Gorelenkov, N N; Kaita, R; Kaye, S M; Kotschenreuther, M; Kramer, G J; Kugel, H W; Maingi, R; Mahajan, S M; Majeski, R; Neumeyer, C L; Nygren, R E; Ono, M; Owen, L W; Ramakrishnan, S; Rognlien, T D; Ruzic, D N; Ryutov, D D; Sabbagh, S A; Skinner, C H; Soukhanovskii, V A; Stevenson, T N; Ulrickson, M A; Valanju, P M; Woolley, R D

    2009-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

    The plasma material interface in Demo will be more challenging than that in ITER, due to requirements for approximately four times higher heat flux from the plasma and approximately five times higher average duty factor. The scientific and technological solutions employed in ITER may not extrapolate to Demo. The key questions to be resolved for Demo and the resulting key requirements for an experiment to 'tame the plasma material interface' are analyzed. A possible design point for such an experiment is outlined.

  20. Interfacing BIM with Building Thermal and Daylighting Modeling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yan, Wei; Clayton, Mark; Haberl, Jeff; WoonSeong, Jeong; Bun Kim, Jong; Sandeep, Kota; Bermudez, Jose; Dixit, Manish

    INTERFACING BIM WITH BUILDING THERMAL AND DAYLIGHTING MODELING Wei Yan, Mark Clayton, Jeff Haberl, WoonSeong Jeong, Jong Bum Kim, Sandeep Kota, Jose Luis Bermudez Alcocer, and Manish Dixit Texas A&M University, College Station, USA... the BIM authoring tools’ Application Programming Interface (API) to translate BIM into Object-Oriented Physical Models (in Modelica) for building thermal simulation, and input files of ray-tracing software (Radiance) for daylighting simulation. Based...

  1. Thermal contact conductance of a paper handsheet/metal interface

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ng, Kin Hung

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    THERMAL CONTACT CONDUCTANCE OF A PAPER HANDSHEET/ METAL INTERFACE A Thesis by KIN HUNG NG Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies oi Texas ARM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE... December 1990 Major Subject: Mechanical Engineering THERMAL CONTACT CONDUCTANCE OF A PAPER HANDSHEET/ METAL INTERFACE A Thesis by KIN HUNG NG Approved as to style and content by: J. Seyed- Yagoobi (Chair of Committee) L. S. Fletcher ( Member ) J...

  2. Data acquisition command interface using VAX/VMS DCL

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Poore, R.V.; Barrus, D.M.; Cort, G.; Goldstone, J.A.; Miller, L.B.; Nelson, R.O.

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The user interface to a data acquisition system is being developed at the Los Alamos Weapons Neutron Research Facility using the VAX/VMS command language interface DCL. Commands are being implemented which provide for system initialization and control functions and FASTBUS diagnostics. The data acquisition system incorporates the concept of a data acquisition ''state'' (running, halted, etc.) where a certain subset of input commands is allowed.

  3. Critical Ising interfaces in multiply-connected domains

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Konstantin Izyurov

    2015-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

    We prove a general result on convergence of interfaces in the critical planar Ising model to conformally invariant curves absolutely continuous with respect to SLE(3). Our setup includes multiple interfaces on arbitrary finitely connected domains, and we also treat the radial SLE case. In the case of simply and doubly connected domains, the limiting processes are described explicitly in terms of rational and elliptic functions, respectively.

  4. Sheathless interface for coupling capillary electrophoresis with mass spectrometry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang, Chenchen; Tang, Keqi; Smith, Richard D.

    2014-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

    A sheathless interface for coupling capillary electrophoresis (CE) with mass spectrometry is disclosed. The sheathless interface includes a separation capillary for performing CE separation and an emitter capillary for electrospray ionization. A portion of the emitter capillary is porous or, alternatively, is coated to form an electrically conductive surface. A section of the emitter capillary is disposed within the separation capillary, forming a joint. A metal tube, containing a conductive liquid, encloses the joint.

  5. Molecular Design of Branched and Binary Molecules at Ordered Interfaces

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kirsten Larson Genson

    2005-12-27T23:59:59.000Z

    This study examined five different branched molecular architectures to discern the effect of design on the ability of molecules to form ordered structures at interfaces. Photochromic monodendrons formed kinked packing structures at the air-water interface due to the cross-sectional area mismatch created by varying number of alkyl tails and the hydrophilic polar head group. The lower generations formed orthorhombic unit cell with long range ordering despite the alkyl tails tilted to a large degree. Favorable interactions between liquid crystalline terminal groups and the underlying substrate were observed to compel a flexible carbosilane dendrimer core to form a compressed elliptical conformation which packed stagger within lamellae domains with limited short range ordering. A twelve arm binary star polymer was observed to form two dimensional micelles at the air-water interface attributed to the higher polystyrene block composition. Linear rod-coil molecules formed a multitude of packing structures at the air-water interface due to the varying composition. Tree-like rod-coil molecules demonstrated the ability to form one-dimensional structures at the air-water interface and at the air-solvent interface caused by the preferential ordering of the rigid rod cores. The role of molecular architecture and composition was examined and the influence chemically competing fragments was shown to exert on the packing structure. The amphiphilic balance of the different molecular series exhibited control on the ordering behavior at the air-water interface and within bulk structures. The shell nature and tail type was determined to dictate the preferential ordering structure and molecular reorganization at interfaces with the core nature effect secondary.

  6. Tensile Fracture of Welded Polymer Interfaces: Miscibility, Entanglements and Crazing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ting Ge; Gary S. Grest; Mark O. Robbins

    2014-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

    Large-scale molecular simulations are performed to investigate tensile failure of polymer interfaces as a function of welding time $t$. Changes in the tensile stress, mode of failure and interfacial fracture energy $G_I$ are correlated to changes in the interfacial entanglements as determined from Primitive Path Analysis. Bulk polymers fail through craze formation, followed by craze breakdown through chain scission. At small $t$ welded interfaces are not strong enough to support craze formation and fail at small strains through chain pullout at the interface. Once chains have formed an average of about one entanglement across the interface, a stable craze is formed throughout the sample. The failure stress of the craze rises with welding time and the mode of craze breakdown changes from chain pullout to chain scission as the interface approaches bulk strength. The interfacial fracture energy $G_I$ is calculated by coupling the simulation results to a continuum fracture mechanics model. As in experiment, $G_I$ increases as $t^{1/2}$ before saturating at the average bulk fracture energy $G_b$. As in previous simulations of shear strength, saturation coincides with the recovery of the bulk entanglement density. Before saturation, $G_I$ is proportional to the areal density of interfacial entanglements. Immiscibiltiy limits interdiffusion and thus suppresses entanglements at the interface. Even small degrees of immisciblity reduce interfacial entanglements enough that failure occurs by chain pullout and $G_I \\ll G_b$.

  7. Hindered mobility of a particle near a soft interface

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas Bickel

    2006-10-27T23:59:59.000Z

    The translational motion of a solid sphere near a deformable fluid interface is studied in the low Reynolds number regime. In this problem, the fluid flow driven by the sphere is dynamically coupled the instantaneous conformation of the interface. Using a two-dimensional Fourier transform technique, we are able to account for the multiple backflows scattered from the interface. The mobility tensor is then obtained from the matrix elements of the relevant Green function. This analysis allows us to express the explicit position and frequency dependence of the mobility. We recover in the steady limit the result for a sphere near a perfectly flat interface. At intermediate time scales, the mobility exhibits an imaginary part, which is a signature of the elastic response of the interface. In the short time limit, we find the intriguing feature that the perpendicular mobility may, under some circumstances, become lower than the bulk value. All those results can be explained from the definition of the relaxation time of the soft interface.

  8. Films of bacteria at interfaces: three stages of behaviour

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liana Vaccari; Daniel Allan; Nima Sharifi-Mood; Aayush Singh; Robert Leheny; Kathleen Stebe

    2015-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

    Bacterial attachment to a fluid interface can lead to the formation of a film with physicochemical properties that evolve with time. We study the time evolution of interface (micro)mechanics for interfaces between oil and bacterial suspensions by following the motion of colloidal probes trapped by capillarity to determine the interface microrheology. Initially, active bacteria at and near the interface drive superdiffusive motion of the colloidal probes. Over timescales of minutes, the bacteria form a viscoelastic film which we discuss as a quasi-two-dimensional, active, glassy system. To study late stage mechanics of the film, we use pendant drop elastometry. The films, grown over tens of hours on oil drops, are expanded and compressed by changing the drop volume. For small strains, by modeling the films as 2D Hookean solids, we estimate the film elastic moduli, finding values similar to those reported in the literature for the bacteria themselves. For large strains, the films are highly hysteretic. Finally, from wrinkles formed on highly compressed drops, we estimate film bending energies. The dramatic restructuring of the interface by such robust films has broad implications, e.g. in the study of active colloids, in understanding the community dynamics of bacteria, and in applied settings including bioremediation.

  9. Novel Fluctuations at a Constrained Liquid-Solid Interface

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abhishek Chaudhuri; Debasish Chaudhuri; Surajit Sengupta

    2007-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the interface between a solid trapped within a bath of liquid by a suitably shaped non-uniform external potential. Such a potential may be constructed using lasers, external electric or magnetic fields or a surface template. We study a two dimensional case where a thin strip of solid, created in this way, is surrounded on either side by a bath of liquid with which it can easily exchange particles. Since height fluctuations of the interface cost energy, this interface is constrained to remain flat at all length scales. However, when such a solid is stressed by altering the depth of the potential; beyond a certain limit, it responds by relieving stress by novel interfacial fluctuations which involve addition or deletion of entire lattice layers of the crystal. This ``layering'' transition is a generic feature of the system regardless of the details of the interaction potential. We show how such interfacial fluctuations influence mass, momentum and energy transport across the interface. Tiny momentum impulses produce weak shock waves which travel through the interface and cause the spallation of crystal layers into the liquid. Kinetic and energetic constraints prevent spallation of partial layers from the crystal, a fact which may be of some practical use. We also study heat transport through the liquid-solid interface and obtain the resistances in liquid, solid and interfacial regions (Kapitza resistance) as the solid undergoes such layering transitions. Heat conduction, which shows strong signatures of the structural transformations, can be understood using a free volume calculation.

  10. Item No. 3 process facilities cost estimates and schedules for facilities capability assurance program nuclear facilities modernization - FY 1989 line item, authorization No. D79

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1989-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Data is presented concerning cost estimates and schedules for process facilities and nuclear facilities modernization.

  11. Interfaces and Plastic Deformation in Materials: From Theory to Engineering (3 Credits)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Zheng

    Interfaces and Plastic Deformation in Materials: From Theory to Engineering (3 Credits) Instructor in their plastic deformation. The interface structures and defects will be described at different scales. Interfaces and high temperature plasticity 11. Triple junctions: from free to constrained interfaces 12

  12. Thermal Performance and Reliability of Bonded Interfaces for Power Electronics Packaging Applications (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Devoto, D.

    2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This presentation discusses the thermal performance and reliability of bonded interfaces for power electronics packaging applications.

  13. d. 11. dec. 2003 Moderne bioenergi -et nyt dansk vkstomrde 1 Har forbrnding og forgasning af biomasse en

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    d. 11. dec. 2003 Moderne bioenergi - et nyt dansk vækstområde 1 Har forbrænding og forgasning af biomasse en fremtid ? Charles Nielsen Elsam A/S #12;d. 11. dec. 2003 Moderne bioenergi - et nyt dansk vækstområde 2 JaJa #12;d. 11. dec. 2003 Moderne bioenergi - et nyt dansk vækstområde 3 Disposition

  14. A review of "Books and Readers in Early Modern England: Material Studies." by J. Anderson and E. Sauer eds.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gary Kuchar

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of Reading: Margins, Libraries, Prefaces, and Bindings; and 3) Print, Publishing, and Public Opinion. Keeping with the volume?s reassessment of the ephemeral nature of many early modern texts, David Scott Kastan opens section one by reflecting on the way...: Preoccupations with the Human Body in Early Modern European Culture, is an enlightening and interesting selection of essays about the body in early modern culture. The ?body- project,? as the editors term it, was supported by the Huizinga Institute. It begins...

  15. A Review of "Desire and Dramatic Form in Early Modern England" by Judith Haber

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oh, Elisa

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    partitioned from the west. And in our war-addled time, such untimely dis-orientations couldn?t be timelier? (194). Judith Haber. Desire and Dramatic Form in Early Modern England. Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press, 2009. xi + 212 pp. $90....00. Review by elisa oh, howard university. Departing from New Historicist emphasis on early modern plays? social and political context, Judith Haber?s study raises the provocative question of how sexuality and sexual difference affect formal aesthet- ics...

  16. A review of "Women and Race in Early Modern Texts." by Joyce Green MacDonald

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lisa J. Schnell

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and accessible La Mirtilla enlarges the scope of Renaissance scholarship, provides a welcome addition to the pastoral, women?s studies, and the drama canon, and it brings a successful, although lesser-studied author, to new readership. Joyce Green MacDonald.... Women and Race in Early Modern Texts. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002. ix + 188 pp. $55.00. Review by LISA J. SCHNELL, UNIVERSITY OF VERMONT. Joyce Green MacDonald?s Women and Race in Early Modern Texts deals with a broad range of material...

  17. Management processes in U.S. air traffic management modernization : a study of global navigation satellite system development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sandvig, John H.

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis investigates organization and management issues associated with the Federal Aviation Administration's (FAA) efforts to modernize the nation's Air Traffic Management (ATM) system. Focus is placed specifically ...

  18. Wetting and strength issues at Al/alpha-alumina interfaces

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Saiz, Eduardo; Tomsia, Antoni P.; Suganuma, Katsuaki

    2003-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The wetting behavior and strength at aluminum/alumina interfaces has been an active subject of research. Al/alumina applications include ceramic-metal composites and several applications for electronic industries. In this paper the interface strength and microstructure of Al/alpha-alumina was investigated. We discovered that in a solid-state joining, the strength of the joint increases with increasing joining temperature. In a liquid-state joining, the strength of the joint gradually decreases due to the formation of unbonded areas. The strength, sigma sub b, is expressed by the following equation as a function of unbonded area, A: sigma sub b = 2.22 A + 143 (70 percent {le} A {le} 100 percent). The highest strength reached 400 MPa when the interface was formed at around the melting temperature of aluminum. An aluminum layer close to the interface became a single crystal when it was bonded to a sapphire. The following crystallographic orientation relationship is established: (1{bar 1}1){sub Al}//(001){sub {alpha}}-Al{sub 2} O{sub 3}, (110){sub Al}//<100>{sub {alpha}}-Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}. Amorphous alumina islands were formed at the interface. In the amorphous alumina, gamma-alumina nanocrystals grew from the sapphire, with the same orientation relationship to sapphire as above.

  19. High-performance parallel interface to synchronous optical network gateway

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    St. John, Wallace B. (Los Alamos, NM); DuBois, David H. (Los Alamos, NM)

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A system of sending and receiving gateways interconnects high speed data interfaces, e.g., HIPPI interfaces, through fiber optic links, e.g., a SONET network. An electronic stripe distributor distributes bytes of data from a first interface at the sending gateway onto parallel fiber optics of the fiber optic link to form transmitted data. An electronic stripe collector receives the transmitted data on the parallel fiber optics and reforms the data into a format effective for input to a second interface at the receiving gateway. Preferably, an error correcting syndrome is constructed at the sending gateway and sent with a data frame so that transmission errors can be detected and corrected in a real-time basis. Since the high speed data interface operates faster than any of the fiber optic links the transmission rate must be adapted to match the available number of fiber optic links so the sending and receiving gateways monitor the availability of fiber links and adjust the data throughput accordingly. In another aspect, the receiving gateway must have sufficient available buffer capacity to accept an incoming data frame. A credit-based flow control system provides for continuously updating the sending gateway on the available buffer capacity at the receiving gateway.

  20. High-performance parallel interface to synchronous optical network gateway

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    St. John, W.B.; DuBois, D.H.

    1996-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

    Disclosed is a system of sending and receiving gateways interconnects high speed data interfaces, e.g., HIPPI interfaces, through fiber optic links, e.g., a SONET network. An electronic stripe distributor distributes bytes of data from a first interface at the sending gateway onto parallel fiber optics of the fiber optic link to form transmitted data. An electronic stripe collector receives the transmitted data on the parallel fiber optics and reforms the data into a format effective for input to a second interface at the receiving gateway. Preferably, an error correcting syndrome is constructed at the sending gateway and sent with a data frame so that transmission errors can be detected and corrected in a real-time basis. Since the high speed data interface operates faster than any of the fiber optic links the transmission rate must be adapted to match the available number of fiber optic links so the sending and receiving gateways monitor the availability of fiber links and adjust the data throughput accordingly. In another aspect, the receiving gateway must have sufficient available buffer capacity to accept an incoming data frame. A credit-based flow control system provides for continuously updating the sending gateway on the available buffer capacity at the receiving gateway. 7 figs.

  1. Alternate VHTR/HTE INterface for mitigating tritum.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vilim, R.; Nuclear Engineering Division

    2009-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

    High temperature creep in structures at the interface between the nuclear plant and the hydrogen plant and the migration of tritium from the core through structures in the interface are two key challenges for the Very High Temperature Reactor (VHTR) coupled to the High Temperature Electrolysis (HTE) process. The severity of these challenges, however, can be reduced by lowering the temperature at which the interface operates. Preferably this should be accomplished in a way that does not reduce combined plant efficiency and other performance measures. A means for doing so is described in this report. A heat pump is used to raise the temperature of near-waste heat from the PCU to the temperature at which nine-tenths of the HTE process heat is needed. In addition to mitigating tritium transport and creep of structures, structural material commodity costs are reduced and plant efficiency is increased by a couple of percent.

  2. Nanoparticles at liquid interfaces: Rotational dynamics and angular locking

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Razavi, Sepideh; Kretzschmar, Ilona [Department of Chemical Engineering, City College of City University of New York, New York, New York 10031 (United States)] [Department of Chemical Engineering, City College of City University of New York, New York, New York 10031 (United States); Koplik, Joel [Department of Physics and The Benjamin Levich Institute for Physico-chemical Hydrodynamics, City College of City University of New York, New York, New York 10031 (United States)] [Department of Physics and The Benjamin Levich Institute for Physico-chemical Hydrodynamics, City College of City University of New York, New York, New York 10031 (United States); Colosqui, Carlos E., E-mail: carlos.colosqui@stonybrook.edu [Department of Mechanical Engineering, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, New York 11794 (United States)

    2014-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

    Nanoparticles with different surface morphologies that straddle the interface between two immiscible liquids are studied via molecular dynamics simulations. The methodology employed allows us to compute the interfacial free energy at different angular orientations of the nanoparticle. Due to their atomistic nature, the studied nanoparticles present both microscale and macroscale geometrical features and cannot be accurately modeled as a perfectly smooth body (e.g., spheres and cylinders). Under certain physical conditions, microscale features can produce free energy barriers that are much larger than the thermal energy of the surrounding media. The presence of these energy barriers can effectively “lock” the particle at specific angular orientations with respect to the liquid-liquid interface. This work provides new insights on the rotational dynamics of Brownian particles at liquid interfaces and suggests possible strategies to exploit the effects of microscale features with given geometric characteristics.

  3. Molecular-scale measurements of electric fields at electrochemical interfaces.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hayden, Carl C.; Farrow, Roger L.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Spatially resolved measurements of electric fields at electrochemical interfaces would be a critical step toward further understanding and modeling the detailed structure of electric double layers. The goal of this project was to perform proof-of-principle experiments to demonstrate the use of field-sensitive dyes for optical measurements of fields in electrochemical systems. A confocal microscope was developed that provides sensitive detection of the lifetime and high resolution spectra of excited fluorescence for dyes tethered to electrically conductive surfaces. Excited state lifetimes for the dyes were measured and found to be relatively unquenched when linked to indium tin oxide, but strongly quenched on gold surfaces. However, our fluorescence detection is sufficiently sensitive to measure spectra of submonolayer dye coatings even when the fluorescence was strongly quenched. Further work to create dye labeled interfaces on flat, uniform and durable substrates is necessary to make electric field measurements at interfaces using field sensitive dyes.

  4. Improved user interface design for site selection modeling system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Koffman, L.D. [Westinghouse Savannah River Site, Aiken, SC (United States)

    1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The Site Selection Modeling System (SSMS) is a customized application within the Environmental Data Atlas (EDA), which is an integrated geographic information system (GIS) for environmental applications at the Savannah River site (SRS) developed jointly by the Environmental Sciences Section (ESS) of Westinghouse Savannah River Company and by the University of South Carolina (USC). The SSMS was developed to assist analysts with site selection activities carried out by the ESS and is a powerful tool with a graphical user interface that allows non-GIS analysts to use the application. However, use of the SSMS in recent siting exercises revealed deficiencies in the user interface as a production tool. This paper specifies user interface design criteria necessary for a production application and describes the implementation of these design criteria in the SSMS.

  5. Advanced human-system interface design review guidelines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    O'Hara, J.M.

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Advanced, computer-based, human-system interface designs are emerging in nuclear power plant (NPP) control rooms. These developments may have significant implications for plant safety in that they will greatly affect the ways in which operators interact with systems. At present, however, the only guidance available to the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) for the review of control room-operator interfaces, NUREG-0700, was written prior to these technological changes and is thus not designed to address them. The objective of the project reported in this paper is to develop an Advanced Control Room Design Review Guideline for use in performing human factors reviews of advanced operator interfaces. This guideline will be implemented, in part, as a portable, computer-based, interactive document for field use. The paper describes the overall guideline development methodology, the present status of the document, and the plans for further guideline testing and development. 21 refs., 3 figs.

  6. High Performance Computing - Power Application Programming Interface Specification.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Laros, James H.,; Kelly, Suzanne M.; Pedretti, Kevin; Grant, Ryan; Olivier, Stephen Lecler; Levenhagen, Michael J.; DeBonis, David

    2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Measuring and controlling the power and energy consumption of high performance computing systems by various components in the software stack is an active research area [13, 3, 5, 10, 4, 21, 19, 16, 7, 17, 20, 18, 11, 1, 6, 14, 12]. Implementations in lower level software layers are beginning to emerge in some production systems, which is very welcome. To be most effective, a portable interface to measurement and control features would significantly facilitate participation by all levels of the software stack. We present a proposal for a standard power Application Programming Interface (API) that endeavors to cover the entire software space, from generic hardware interfaces to the input from the computer facility manager.

  7. Critical interfaces and duality in the Ashkin-Teller model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Picco, Marco [Laboratoire de Physique Theorique et Hautes Energies, CNRS, Universite Pierre et Marie Curie, UMR 7589, 4 Place Jussieu, F-75252 Paris Cedex 05 (France); Santachiara, Raoul [Laboratoire de Physique Theorique et Modeles Statistiques, CNRS, Batiment 100, Universite Paris-Sud, UMR 8626, F-91405 Orsay (France)

    2011-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We report on the numerical measures on different spin interfaces and Fortuin-Kasteleyn (FK) cluster boundaries in the Askhin-Teller (AT) model. For a general point on the AT critical line, we find that the fractal dimension of a generic spin cluster interface can take one of four different possible values. In particular we found spin interfaces whose fractal dimension is d{sub f}=3/2 all along the critical line. Furthermore, the fractal dimension of the boundaries of FK clusters was found to satisfy all along the AT critical line a duality relation with the fractal dimension of their outer boundaries. This result provides clear numerical evidence that such duality, which is well known in the case of the O(n) model, exists in an extended conformal field theory.

  8. Science at the interface : grain boundaries in nanocrystalline metals.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rodriguez, Mark Andrew; Follstaedt, David Martin; Knapp, James Arthur; Brewer, Luke N.; Holm, Elizabeth Ann; Foiles, Stephen Martin; Hattar, Khalid M.; Clark, Blythe B.; Olmsted, David L.; Medlin, Douglas L.

    2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Interfaces are a critical determinant of the full range of materials properties, especially at the nanoscale. Computational and experimental methods developed a comprehensive understanding of nanograin evolution based on a fundamental understanding of internal interfaces in nanocrystalline nickel. It has recently been shown that nanocrystals with a bi-modal grain-size distribution possess a unique combination of high-strength, ductility and wear-resistance. We performed a combined experimental and theoretical investigation of the structure and motion of internal interfaces in nanograined metal and the resulting grain evolution. The properties of grain boundaries are computed for an unprecedented range of boundaries. The presence of roughening transitions in grain boundaries is explored and related to dramatic changes in boundary mobility. Experimental observations show that abnormal grain growth in nanograined materials is unlike conventional scale material in both the level of defects and the formation of unfavored phases. Molecular dynamics simulations address the origins of some of these phenomena.

  9. Characterization of nitrided silicon-silicon dioxide interfaces

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Polignano, M.L.; Alessandri, M.; Brazzelli, D. [and others

    2000-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A newly-developed technique for the simultaneous characterization of the oxide-silicon interface properties and of bulk impurities was used for a systematic study of the nitridation process of thin oxides. This technique is based upon surface recombination velocity measurements, and does not require the formation of a capacitor structure, so it is very suitable for the characterization of as-grown interfaces. Oxides grown both in dry and in wet environments were considered, and nitridation processes in N{sub 2}O and in NO were compared to N{sub 2} annealing processes. The effect of nitridation temperature and duration were also studied, and RTO/RTN processes were compared to conventional furnace nitridation processes. Surface recombination velocity was correlated with nitrogen concentration at the oxide-silicon interface obtained by Secondary Ion Mass Spectroscopy (SIMS) measurements. Surface recombination velocity (hence surface state density) decreases with increasing nitrogen pile-up at the oxide-silicon interface, indicating that in nitrided interfaces surface state density is limited by nitridation. NO treatments are much more effective than N{sub 2}O treatments in the formation of nitrogen-rich interface layer and, as a consequence, in surface state reduction. Surface state density was measured in fully processed wafers before and after constant current stress. After a complete device process surface states are annealed out by hydrogen passivation, however they are reactivated by the electrical stress, and surface state results after stress were compared with data of surface recombination velocity in as-processed wafers.

  10. Interface design of VSOP'94 computer code for safety analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Natsir, Khairina, E-mail: yenny@batan.go.id; Andiwijayakusuma, D.; Wahanani, Nursinta Adi [Center for Development of Nuclear Informatics - National Nuclear Energy Agency, PUSPIPTEK, Serpong, Tangerang, Banten (Indonesia); Yazid, Putranto Ilham [Center for Nuclear Technology, Material and Radiometry- National Nuclear Energy Agency, Jl. Tamansari No.71, Bandung 40132 (Indonesia)

    2014-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Today, most software applications, also in the nuclear field, come with a graphical user interface. VSOP'94 (Very Superior Old Program), was designed to simplify the process of performing reactor simulation. VSOP is a integrated code system to simulate the life history of a nuclear reactor that is devoted in education and research. One advantage of VSOP program is its ability to calculate the neutron spectrum estimation, fuel cycle, 2-D diffusion, resonance integral, estimation of reactors fuel costs, and integrated thermal hydraulics. VSOP also can be used to comparative studies and simulation of reactor safety. However, existing VSOP is a conventional program, which was developed using Fortran 65 and have several problems in using it, for example, it is only operated on Dec Alpha mainframe platforms and provide text-based output, difficult to use, especially in data preparation and interpretation of results. We develop a GUI-VSOP, which is an interface program to facilitate the preparation of data, run the VSOP code and read the results in a more user friendly way and useable on the Personal 'Computer (PC). Modifications include the development of interfaces on preprocessing, processing and postprocessing. GUI-based interface for preprocessing aims to provide a convenience way in preparing data. Processing interface is intended to provide convenience in configuring input files and libraries and do compiling VSOP code. Postprocessing interface designed to visualized the VSOP output in table and graphic forms. GUI-VSOP expected to be useful to simplify and speed up the process and analysis of safety aspects.

  11. Consumption, Social Capital, and the 'Industrious Revolution' in Early Modern Germany

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ogilvie, Sheilagh

    Consumption, Social Capital, and the “Industrious Revolution” in Early Modern Germany SHEILAGH OGILVIE Faculty of Economics, University of Cambridge Acknowledgements: I am grateful to Marco Belfanti, André... ; labour; discrimination; gender; Germany 1 Expanding market consumption is widely ascribed a key role in European economic growth before industrialization. A “Consumer Revolution” between 1650 and 1800 is thought to have seen the middle classes...

  12. A review of "Excess and the Mean in Early Modern English Literature." by Joshua Scodel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ira Clark

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    - ment, which in any event ought to be read from cover to cover. Joshua Scodel. Excess and the Mean in Early Modern English Litera- ture. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2002. viii + 367 pp. $55.00. Review by IRA CLARK, UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA...

  13. Reforming a large lecture modern physics course for engineering majors using a PER-based design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Colorado at Boulder, University of

    Reforming a large lecture modern physics course for engineering majors using a PER-based design S Department of Physics, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309, USA Abstract. We have reformed a large of reforms in this course using pre/post surveys on both content and beliefs. We have found significant

  14. 1 Statistics and Six Sigma Programs The modern global business environment is ...ercely competitive. No company

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vardeman, Stephen B.

    1 Statistics and Six Sigma Programs The modern global business environment is ...ercely competitive. A particularly popular form of corporate improvement emphasis currently goes under the name "Six Sigma." The name originated at Motorola Corpora- tion in the late 1980's. Six Sigma programs at General Electric, Allied

  15. Nuclear winter revisited with a modern climate model and current nuclear arsenals: Still catastrophic consequences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stenchikov, Georgiy L.

    drops at the surface that would threaten global agriculture for at least a year. The global nuclear of world agriculture, the arms race and cold war ended. Since then, the global nuclear arsenal has beenNuclear winter revisited with a modern climate model and current nuclear arsenals: Still

  16. Fault Detection Methodology for Caches in Reliable Modern VLSI Microprocessors based on Instruction Set

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kouroupetroglou, Georgios

    , Professor #12;hardware defects that may occur during system operation by the increased soft error rateFault Detection Methodology for Caches in Reliable Modern VLSI Microprocessors based on Instruction-Based Self-Test (SBST) fault detection methodology for small embedded cache memories. The methodology

  17. BETWEEN TRADITION AND MODERNIZATION: ATTITUDES TO WOMEN'S EMPLOYMENT AND GENDER ROLES IN CROATIA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Løw, Erik

    AND GENDER ROLES IN CROATIA By Marija Brajdi Vukovi, Institute for Social Research Zagreb Gunn Birkelund AND MODERNIZATION: ATTITUDES TO WOMEN'S EMPLOYMENT AND GENDER ROLES IN CROATIA By Marija Brajdi Vukovi, Institute we analyze the attitudes toward gender roles and women's employment in Croatia. Using the SEESSP

  18. The Impact of Dr.Shigeo Shingo on Modern Manufacturing Practices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vardeman, Stephen B.

    1 The Impact of Dr.Shigeo Shingo on Modern Manufacturing Practices IE 361 Dr. Stephen B. Vardem manufacturing fundamentals. Biography Dr. Shigeo's expertise was a result of his vast experience and knowledge. In addition, by focusing on production rather than management alone, he was able to establish himself

  19. of brine heterogeneity in modern sedimentary basins (6) imply inefficiency of mixing and the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyce, C. Kevin

    of brine heterogeneity in modern sedimentary basins (6) imply inefficiency of mixing and the potential for preservation of individual, metal- charged brine reservoirs that could be tapped at some later. The observation that the texturally later brines have higher metal contents is consistent with this model

  20. A Comparative Study of Modern Inference Techniques for Discrete Energy Minimization Problems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heermann, Dieter W.

    connectivity structure, e.g. 27-pixel neighborhood, or models on "irregular" graphs with spatially nonA Comparative Study of Modern Inference Techniques for Discrete Energy Minimization Problems Jörg H. published an influential study on energy minimization methods for Markov random fields (MRF). This study

  1. A Comparative Study of Modern Inference Techniques for Structured Discrete Energy Minimization Problems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schnörr, Christoph

    connectivity structure, e.g. 27-pixel neighborhood, or models on "ir- regular" graphs with spatially nonA Comparative Study of Modern Inference Techniques for Structured Discrete Energy Minimization Rother April 1, 2014 Abstract Szeliski et al. published an influential study in 2006 on energy

  2. Powerful Ideas Virtually all the power that goes into a modern processor comes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dietz, Henry G. "Hank"

    than $15 per node. The project will be completed in Spring 2011. Power management via priority control of a portable, truly low power, idle process has been an elusive goal. Predictive Control. Power managementPowerful Ideas Virtually all the power that goes into a modern processor comes out as heat. Circuit

  3. Technology shapes every facet of modern life. Familiarity with the characteristics,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ge, Qiaode Jeff

    Technology shapes every facet of modern life. Familiarity with the characteristics, capabilities, and limitations of current and emerging technologies is indispen- sable to wise and effective decisions and address the problems that technology often presents. Technologi- cal developments are indeed re

  4. COPYRIGHT NOTICE: Edited by Daron Acemoglu: Introduction to Modern Economic Growth

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Landweber, Laura

    Epilogue: Mechanics and Causes of Economic Growth and nonpecuniary rewards and incentives for differentCOPYRIGHT NOTICE: Edited by Daron Acemoglu: Introduction to Modern Economic Growth is published: permissions@press.princeton.edu #12;Epilogue: Mechanics and Causes of Economic Growth I nstead of summarizing

  5. IAS 3353 001 Modern Brazil Instructor: Dr. Erika Robb-Larkins

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oklahoma, University of

    IAS 3353 001 Modern Brazil Instructor: Dr. Erika Robb-Larkins MW 3:00-4:15 p.m. Hester Hall, room an anthropological perspective. Beginning with a broad overview of Brazil's colonial history and emergence the course with an appreciation of the complexities of Brazil today.... and with a desire to hop on the next

  6. Biology 534: Modern methods in Population Genomics 3 credits Spring 2015

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collins, Gary S.

    #12;#12;#12;Biology 534: Modern methods in Population Genomics 3 credits Spring 2015 Instructor will be done by the instructor Catalog Description: Problems and prospects of designing a study with genomic revolutionized by the possibility of generating genomic sequence data. Interestingly, much of theoretical

  7. TRANSPORTATION SYSTEMS are the build-ing blocks of modern society. Efficient and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Storici, Francesca

    TRANSPORTATION SYSTEMS are the build- ing blocks of modern society. Efficient and safe movement. How- ever, transportation systems by their very nature also affect the environment through operations, construction, and maintenance of transportation facilities, and through the travel behaviors they encourage

  8. Effects of aridity and vegetation on plant-wax dD in modern lake sediments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Polissar, Pratigya J.

    Effects of aridity and vegetation on plant-wax dD in modern lake sediments Pratigya J. Polissar Abstract We analyzed the deuterium composition of individual plant-waxes in lake sediments from 28 fractionation (ea) between plant-wax n-alkanes and precipitation differs with watershed ecosystem type

  9. Twentieth century Chinese architecture : examples and their significance in a modern tradition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marcus, Karen K

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    If one were to seek a unifying factor in this relatively short period of a modern Chinese tradition, it might be surprising to find that amidst the jolts of passing out of a feudal era into the twentieth century, the ancient ...

  10. A review of "Comedy, Youth, Manhood in Early Modern England." by Ira Clark

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Byron Nelson

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    by the comic depictions of genuine social anxieties. Developing the ideas of social historians like Anthony Fletcher, Clark argues that manhood in the early modern period was an achievement or a status to be attained by effort, not an automatic stage...

  11. Electric power is an increasingly important aspect of modern society. We are extremely dependent on electric-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Florida, University of

    , Infrastructure Figure 1. Structure and economic impacts of wood-fueled electric power generation in a localFact Sheet Electric power is an increasingly important aspect of modern society. We are extremely dependent on electric- ity for many uses, such as heating, cooling, lighting, and information technology

  12. Salt Screening and Selection: New Challenges and Considerations in the Modern

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tipple, Brett

    Salt Screening and Selection: New Challenges and Considerations in the Modern Pharmaceutical R · Introduction · Theoretical Considerations · pH-solubility profiles, pKa and salt formation · Prediction of salt solubility · Solubility product and in situ salt screening · Solubility/dissolution rate of salts

  13. 2 SPRAY OILS--BEYOND 2000 Modern use of petroleum-derived oils as agricultural crop

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Agnello, Arthur M.

    ,buttheseweretoophytotoxic.Eventually, researchersconcentratedondistillatesintherangebetween kerosene and lubricating oils.Three basic classes of carbon structures present in petroleum oils2 SPRAY OILS--BEYOND 2000 Abstract Modern use of petroleum-derived oils as agricultural crop (aromatics and other un- saturated components) in oils that were removable with sulfuric acid; the remainder

  14. Experience with Control Systems Modernization on Operating Nuclear Units (Kozloduy NPP VVER 1000)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Naydenov, Nayden [Kozloduy NPP (Bulgaria); Sechensky, Boyan [Westinghouse Energy Systems (Bulgaria)

    2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The paper describes the background, current implementation approach, design and testing strategy and experience on the largest ever modernization program for replacement of the Primary and Secondary Control Systems on operating units VVER 1000 (PWR) at Kozloduy Nuclear Power Plant in Bulgaria. (authors)

  15. Review of Historical and Modern Utilization of Wind Power Publications Department

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    UTILIZATION TODAY WIND POWER TECHNOLOGY q Modern wind turbine technology q Concepts COST OF WIND ENERGY TYPES costs BEGINNERS GUIDE TO WIND ENERGY STUDIES q Selected text books on wind energy and wind turbines WECS - Wind Energy Conversion Systems. To co-ordinate the many terms derived from ancient Teutonic

  16. UPF Study Abroad Program 2014 Course Syllabus Modern Statistical Computing in R

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    UPF Study Abroad Program 2014 Course Syllabus Modern Statistical Computing in R Language in statistics Language Requirements: None Course Description: Over the recent years, R has become the leading and creative use of the statistical language for computing and graphics R. Much of the statistical methodology

  17. Stat 586 Interpretation of Data I (Modern Applied Statistical Modeling and Computing)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xie, Minge

    , B.D., Modern Applied Statistics with S-Plus (Springer) Cody, R.P. and Simth, J.K. Applied Statistics and the SAS Programming Language Elliott, R. J. Learning SAS in the Computer Lab (Duxbury Press). Based allows) Students should expect to use either R or SAS or Splus statistical software packages in data

  18. SPIRITUALITY VERSUS RITUAL ? ON MODERN TIBETAN BUDDHISM IN POST-COMMUNIST MONGOLIA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 SPIRITUALITY VERSUS RITUAL ? ON MODERN TIBETAN BUDDHISM IN POST-COMMUNIST MONGOLIA Marie-Dominique Even (CNRS, GSRL) * Abstract. The present religious landscape of Mongolia bears witness to the changes (dge lugs pa) denomination had held a religious monopoly in Mongolia and played a key role in political

  19. FDR3 --A Modern Refinement Checker for CSP Thomas Gibson-Robinson, Philip Armstrong,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oxford, University of

    FDR3 -- A Modern Refinement Checker for CSP Thomas Gibson-Robinson, Philip Armstrong, Alexandre.roscoe}@cs.ox.ac.uk Abstract. FDR3 is a complete rewrite of the CSP refinement checker FDR2, incorporating a significant number describe the new algorithm that FDR3 uses to construct its internal representation of CSP processes

  20. FDR3 --A Modern Refinement Checker for CSP Thomas Gibson-Robinson, Philip Armstrong,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oxford, University of

    FDR3 -- A Modern Refinement Checker for CSP Thomas Gibson-Robinson, Philip Armstrong, Alexandre.roscoe}@cs.ox.ac.uk Abstract. FDR3 is a complete rewrite of the CSP refinement checker FDR2, incorporating a significant number describe the new algorithm that FDR3 uses to construct its in- ternal representation of CSP processes