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1

The Equilibrium Tide Model for Tidal Friction  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We derive from first principles the equations governing (a) the quadrupole tensor of a star distorted both by rotation and by the presence of a companion in a possibly eccentric orbit; (b) a functional form for the dissipative force of tidal friction, based on the concept that the rate of energy loss from a time-dependent tide should be a positive-definite function of the rate of change of the quadrupole tensor as seen in the frame that rotates with the star; and (c) the equations governing the rates of change of the magnitude and the direction of the stellar rotation, the orbital period and eccentricity, based on the concept of the Laplace-Runge-Lenz vector. Our analysis leads relatively simply to a closed set of equations, valid for arbitrary inclination of the stellar spin to the orbit. The results are equivalent to classical results based on the rather less clear principle that the tidal bulge lags behind the line of centers by some time determined by the rate of dissipation. Our analysis gives the effective lag time as a function of the dissipation rate and the quadrupole moment. We discuss briefly some possible applications of the formulation.

Peter P. Eggleton; Ludmila G. Kiseleva; Piet Hut

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

Accuracy of the actuator disc-RANS approach for predicting the performance and wake of tidal turbines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...predicting the performance and wake of tidal turbines W. M. J. Batten 1 M. E. Harrison...Southampton SO17-1BJ, UK 2 Marine Current Turbines Ltd, Bristol Bath Science Park, , Dirac...predict the wake of a horizontal axis turbine. The model is appropriate where large-scale...

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

Influence of tidal parameters on SeaGen flicker performance  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Figure 12. Impact of flood...the tidal energy converter...quality of wind turbines and...interaction with the grid. In Proc. of the European Wind Energy Conf. (EWEC...characteristics of grid connected wind turbines...Sustainable Energy, October...

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

Modeling In-stream Tidal Energy Extraction and Its Potential Environmental Impacts  

SciTech Connect

In recent years, there has been growing interest in harnessing in-stream tidal energy in response to concerns of increasing energy demand and to mitigate climate change impacts. While many studies have been conducted to assess and map tidal energy resources, efforts for quantifying the associated potential environmental impacts have been limited. This paper presents the development of a tidal turbine module within a three-dimensional unstructured-grid coastal ocean model and its application for assessing the potential environmental impacts associated with tidal energy extraction. The model is used to investigate in-stream tidal energy extraction and associated impacts on estuarine hydrodynamic and biological processes in a tidally dominant estuary. A series of numerical experiments with varying numbers and configurations of turbines installed in an idealized estuary were carried out to assess the changes in the hydrodynamics and biological processes due to tidal energy extraction. Model results indicated that a large number of turbines are required to extract the maximum tidal energy and cause significant reduction of the volume flux. Preliminary model results also indicate that extraction of tidal energy increases vertical mixing and decreases flushing rate in a stratified estuary. The tidal turbine model was applied to simulate tidal energy extraction in Puget Sound, a large fjord-like estuary in the Pacific Northwest coast.

Yang, Zhaoqing; Wang, Taiping; Copping, Andrea; Geerlofs, Simon H.

2014-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

5

Modeling Tidal Stream Energy Extraction and its Effects on Transport Processes in a Tidal Channel and Bay System Using a Three-dimensional Coastal Ocean Model  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents a numerical modeling study for simulating in-stream tidal energy extraction and assessing its effects on the hydrodynamics and transport processes in a tidal channel and bay system connecting to coastal ocean. A marine and hydrokinetic (MHK) module was implemented in a three-dimensional (3-D) coastal ocean model using the momentum sink approach. The MHK model was validated with the analytical solutions for tidal channels under one-dimensional (1-D) conditions. Model simulations were further carried out to compare the momentum sink approach with the quadratic bottom friction approach. The effects of 3-D simulations on the vertical velocity profile, maximum extractable energy, and volume flux reduction across the channel were investigated through a series of numerical experiments. 3-D model results indicate that the volume flux reduction at the maximum extractable power predicted by the 1-D analytical model or two-dimensional (2-D) depth-averaged numerical model may be overestimated. Maximum extractable energy strongly depends on the turbine hub height in the water column, and which reaches a maximum when turbine hub height is located at mid-water depth. Far-field effects of tidal turbines on the flushing time of the tidal bay were also investigated. Model results demonstrate that tidal energy extraction has a greater effect on the flushing time than volume flux reduction, which could negatively affect the biogeochemical processes in estuarine and coastal waters that support primary productivity and higher forms of marine life.

Yang, Zhaoqing; Wang, Taiping; Copping, Andrea E.

2013-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

6

PHYSIOLOGICAL PERFORMANCE OF INTERTIDAL CORALLINE ALGAE DURING A SIMULATED TIDAL CYCLE1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PHYSIOLOGICAL PERFORMANCE OF INTERTIDAL CORALLINE ALGAE DURING A SIMULATED TIDAL CYCLE1 Rebecca J, Lobban and Harrison 1997, Helmuth and Hofmann 2001). During high tide, intertidal algae are underwater algae may be emerged and exposed to increased light stress, elevated air tem- peratures, and increased

Martone, Patrick T.

7

Accurate ocean tide modeling in southeast Alaska and large tidal dissipation around Glacier Bay  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An accurate prediction of ocean tides in southeast Alaska is developed using a...et al.... (2000). The model bathymetry dominates the model skill. We re-estimate tidal energy dissipation in the Alaska Panhandle a...

Daisuke Inazu; Tadahiro Sato; Satoshi Miura; Yusaku Ohta…

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

Accuracy of the actuator disc-RANS approach for predicting the performance and wake of tidal turbines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...approach for modelling farms of tidal stream turbines...aerodynamic analysis of wind farms. J. Solar Energy Eng...ISOPE-2008: 18th Int. Offshore and Offshore and Polar...model simulations with offshore wind turbine wake profiles...

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

Tidal turbine representation in an ocean circulation model: Towards realistic applications  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The present method proposes the use and adaptation of ocean circulation models as an assessment tool framework for tidal current turbine (TCT) array-layout optimization. By adapting both momentum and turbulence transport equations of an existing model, the present TCT representation method is proposed to extend the actuator disc concept to 3-D large scale ocean circulation models. Through the reproduction of experimental flume tests, this method has shown its ability to simulate accurately both momentum and turbulent wake interactions. In addition, through an up-scaling test, this method has shown to be applicable at any scale. Thanks to its short computational time, the present TCT representation method is a very promising basis for the development of a TCT array layout optimization tool. Furthermore, on the basis of the simulations performed for the present publication, a reflection on the quantification of the array layout effects on power assessment and device deployment strategy has been initiated.

Thomas Roc; Deborah Greaves; Kristen M. Thyng; Daniel C. Conley

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

Effects of Localized Energy Extraction in an Idealized, Energetically Complete Numerical Model of an Ocean-Estuary Tidal System  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

localized energy extraction in an localized energy extraction in an idealized, energetically complete numerical model of an ocean-estuary tidal system MHK Instrumentation, Measurement & Computer Modeling Workshop, Broomfield CO, July 10 2012 Mitsuhiro Kawase and Marisa Gedney Northwest National Marine Renewable Energy Center / School of Oceanography University of Washington Seattle WA 98195 United States * Far-field (Estuary-wide) - Changes in the tidal range - Changes in tidal currents ď‚— Near-field (Vicinity of the Device) ď‚— Flow redirection ď‚— Interaction with marine life ď‚— Impact on bottom sediments and benthos Environmental Effects of Tidal Energy Extraction * Reduction in tidal range can permanently expose/submerge tidal flats, altering nearshore habitats * Reduction in kinetic energy of

11

Final Report for Sea-level Rise Response Modeling for San Francisco Bay Estuary Tidal  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

i Final Report for Sea-level Rise Response Modeling for San Francisco Bay Estuary Tidal Marshes Refuge in northern San Francisco Bay, California. #12;iii Final Report for Sea-level Rise Response)................................................................... 7 Sea-level rise scenario model inputs

Fleskes, Joe

12

Modeling the dynamics of tidally-interacting binary neutron stars up to merger  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose an effective-one-body (EOB) model that describes the general relativistic dynamics of neutron star binaries from the early inspiral up to merger. Our EOB model incorporates an enhanced attractive tidal potential motivated by recent analytical advances in the post-Newtonian and gravitational self-force description of relativistic tidal interactions. No fitting parameters are introduced for the description of tidal interaction in the late, strong-field dynamics. We compare the model dynamics (described by the gauge invariant relation between binding energy and orbital angular momentum), and the gravitational wave phasing, with new high-resolution multi-orbit numerical relativity simulations of equal-mass configurations with different equations of state. We find agreement essentially within the uncertainty of the numerical data for all the configurations. Our model is the first semi-analytical model which captures the tidal amplification effects close to merger. It thereby provides the most accurate analytical representation of binary neutron star dynamics and waveforms currently available.

Sebastiano Bernuzzi; Alessandro Nagar; Tim Dietrich; Thibault Damour

2014-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

13

Tidal | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Tidal Tidal Home Ocop's picture Submitted by Ocop(5) Member 18 April, 2013 - 13:41 MHK LCOE Reporting Guidance Draft Cost Current DOE LCOE numerical modeling Performance Tidal Wave To normalize competing claims of LCOE, DOE has developed-for its own use-a standardized cost and performance data reporting process to facilitate uniform calculation of LCOE from MHK device developers. This standardization framework is only the first version in what is anticipated to be an iterative process that involves industry and the broader DOE stakeholder community. Multiple files are attached here for review and comment.Upload Files: application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.wordprocessingml.document icon device_performance_validation_data_request.docx application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.spreadsheetml.sheet icon

14

Modelling of the flow field surrounding tidal turbine arrays for varying positions in a channel  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...in velocity around turbines. This work demonstrated...output and overall efficiency were functions of flow...at arranging tidal turbine arrays such that the...Cummins. 2007 The efficiency of a turbine in a tidal channel...

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

IR DIAL performance modeling  

SciTech Connect

We are developing a DIAL performance model for CALIOPE at LLNL. The intent of the model is to provide quick and interactive parameter sensitivity calculations with immediate graphical output. A brief overview of the features of the performance model is given, along with an example of performance calculations for a non-CALIOPE application.

Sharlemann, E.T.

1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Exploration applications of a transgressive tidal flats model to Mississippian Midale carbonates, eastern Williston Basin  

SciTech Connect

Midale (Mississippian) production was first established in 1953 in Saskatchewan, Canada. The unit was initially defined in the subsurface as the carbonate interval between the top of the Frobisher Anhydrite and the base of the Midale Anhydrite. That nomenclature is used in this report. During 1953, Midale production was found in the United States portion of the Williston basin in Bottineau County, North Dakota. Later exploration extended Midale production westward into Burke County, North Dakota. Cumulative production from the Midale is approximately 660 million bbl, of which 640 million bbl are from Canadian fields. Initially, hydrocarbon entrapment in the Midale was believed to be controlled by the Mississippian subcrop, with the Burke County production controlled by low-relief structural closure. Petrographic examination of cores and cuttings from the Midale in both Saskatchewan, Canada, and Burke and Bottineau Counties, North Dakota, indicates that production is controlled by facies changes within the unit. Stratigraphic traps are formed by the lateral and vertical changes from grain-supported facies deposited in tidal channel, subtidal bar, or beach settings; seals are formed by mud-rich sediments. Use of a transgressive carbonate tidal flats model best explains current production patterns and indicates substantial potential for additional production in eastern North Dakota and South Dakota.

Porter, L.A.; Reid, R.S.R.

1985-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Exploration applications of a transgressive tidal-flats model to Mississippian Midale carbonates, eastern Williston Basin  

SciTech Connect

Midale (Mississippian) production was first indicated in 1953 in Saskatchewan, Canada. The unit was initially defined in the subsurface as the carbonate interval between the top of the Frobisher Anhydrite and the base of the Midale Anhydrite. This same nomenclature is used in this paper. In 1953, Midale production was found on the US side of the Williston basin in Bottineau County, North Dakota. Later exploration extended Midale production westward into Burke County, North Dakota, in 1955. Cumulative production from the Midale is approximately 660 million bbl with 640 million from the Canadian side of the Williston basin. Initially, hydrocarbon entrapment in the Midale was believed to be controlled by the Mississippian subcrop, with the Burke County production controlled by low-relief structural closure. Petrographic examination of cores and cuttings from the Midale in both Saskatchewan, Canada, and Burke and Bottineau Counties, North Dakota, indicates that production is controlled by facies changes within the unit. Stratigraphic traps are formed by the lateral and vertical changes from grain-supported facies deposited in tidal-channel, subtidal-bar, or beach settings; seals are formed by mud-rich sediments. Use of a transgressive carbonate tidal-flats model best explains current production patterns and indicates substantial potential for additional production in eastern North Dakota and South Dakota.

Porter, L.A.; Reid, F.S.

1985-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Chaos and Tidal Capture  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We review the tidal capture mechanism for binary formation, an important process in globular cluster cores and perhaps open cluster cores. Tidal capture binaries may be the precursors for some of the low-mass X-ray binaries observed in abundance in globular clusters. They may also play an important role in globular cluster dynamics. We summarize the chaos model for tidal interaction (Mardling 1995, ApJ, 450, 722, 732), and discuss how this affects our understanding of the circularization process which follows capture.

Rosemary A. Mardling

1995-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

19

Tidal Energy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Tidal energy, as interpreted in this essay, is considered to be the artificial extraction of energy from: either the rise or fall of the sea surface under the influence of tides or the extraction of energy from t...

Ian G. Bryden

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Tidal Energy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Tidal energy, as interpreted in this essay, is considered to be the artificial extraction of energy from: either the rise or fall of the sea surface under the influence of tides or the extraction of energy from t...

Ian G. Bryden

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "modeling performance tidal" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Modeling soil salinity distribution along topographic gradients in tidal salt marshes in Atlantic and Gulf coastal regions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Soil salinity plays a very important role in determining the distribution of vegetation, plant productivity, and biogeochemical processes in coastal marsh ecosystems. Salinity gradients and salinity–vegetation associations in salt marshes have often been observed but rarely explained. A quantitative and systematic study on the soil salinity distribution in salt marshes is not only important to the understanding of coastal marsh ecosystems but also to the development of a potentially useful ecological and environmental indicator. In this research, we developed a salt marsh soil salinity model based on an existing salt and water balance model with modifications to several key features to examine the impacts of tidal forcing, climate, soil, vegetation, and topography on soil salinity distributions of the Atlantic and Gulf coastal marshes. This model was calibrated and validated using field observations from the St. Marks National Wildlife Refuge (NWR) of northwestern Florida, USA. The results showed that the model had good agreement (r2 = 0.84, n = 15, P salinity maximum in a coastal salt marsh. Simulations indicate that tidal irregularity primarily controls the width of the salinity maximum band. Evapotranspiration, temperature, hydraulic conductivity, and incoming tidal salinity significantly affect the salinity maximum band, which may lead to the formation of salt barrens/flats when reaching a threshold level.

Hongqing Wang; Y. Ping Hsieh; Mark A. Harwell; Wenrui Huang

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Overland Tidal Power Generation Using Modular Tidal Prism  

SciTech Connect

Naturally occurring sites with sufficient kinetic energy suitable for tidal power generation with sustained currents > 1 to 2 m/s are relatively rare. Yet sites with greater than 3 to 4 m of tidal range are relatively common around the U.S. coastline. Tidal potential does exist along the shoreline but is mostly distributed, and requires an approach which allows trapping and collection to also be conducted in a distributed manner. In this paper we examine the feasibility of generating sustainable tidal power using multiple nearshore tidal energy collection units and present the Modular Tidal Prism (MTP) basin concept. The proposed approach utilizes available tidal potential by conversion into tidal kinetic energy through cyclic expansion and drainage from shallow modular manufactured overland tidal prisms. A preliminary design and configuration of the modular tidal prism basin including inlet channel configuration and basin dimensions was developed. The unique design was shown to sustain momentum in the penstocks during flooding as well as ebbing tidal cycles. The unstructured-grid finite volume coastal ocean model (FVCOM) was used to subject the proposed design to a number of sensitivity tests and to optimize the size, shape and configuration of MTP basin for peak power generation capacity. The results show that an artificial modular basin with a reasonable footprint (? 300 acres) has the potential to generate 10 to 20 kw average energy through the operation of a small turbine located near the basin outlet. The potential of generating a total of 500 kw to 1 MW of power through a 20 to 40 MTP basin tidal power farms distributed along the coastline of Puget Sound, Washington, is explored.

Khangaonkar, Tarang; Yang, Zhaoqing; Geerlofs, Simon H.; Copping, Andrea

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

A comparison of measured and modeled tidal currents in the Gulf of Maine  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to the persistence of the clockwise circulation around the Bank (Garrett er al. , 1978). Loder (1980) has shown theoretically that rectification of the strong semidiurnal tidal current across the steeply sloping northern edge of Georges Bank can produce a... astronomical forcing (Garrett, 1972; Brown and Moody, 1987). Garrett (1972) estimated the natural period of the Gulf of Maine-Bay of Fundy basin to be 13. 3M. 4 hours, which is near the frequency of the semidiurnal tidal constituents. Since the M2 semidiurnal...

Cook, Michael S

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

TIDAL EVOLUTION OF CLOSE-IN EXTRASOLAR PLANETS: HIGH STELLAR Q FROM NEW THEORETICAL MODELS  

SciTech Connect

In recent years it has been shown that the tidal coupling between extrasolar planets and their stars could be an important mechanism leading to orbital evolution. Both the tides the planet raises on the star and vice versa are important and dissipation efficiencies ranging over four orders of magnitude are being used. In addition, the discovery of extrasolar planets extremely close to their stars has made it clear that the estimates of the tidal quality factor, Q, of the stars based on Jupiter and its satellite system and on main-sequence binary star observations are too low, resulting in lifetimes for the closest planets orders of magnitude smaller than their age. We argue that those estimates of the tidal dissipation efficiency are not applicable for stars with spin periods much longer than the extrasolar planets' orbital period. We address the problem by applying our own values for the dissipation efficiency of tides, based on our numerical simulations of externally perturbed volumes of stellar-like convection. The range of dissipation we find for main-sequence stars corresponds to stellar Q{sub *} of 10{sup 8} to 3 x 10{sup 9}. The derived orbit lifetimes are comparable to or much longer than the ages of the observed extrasolar planetary systems. The predicted orbital decay transit timing variations due to the tidal coupling are below the rate of ms yr{sup -1} for currently known systems, but within reach of an extended Kepler mission provided such objects are found in its field.

Penev, Kaloyan; Sasselov, Dimitar [Astronomy Department, Harvard University, 60 Garden St., M.S. 16, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States)

2011-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

25

Optimization of multiple turbine arrays in a channel with tidally reversing flow by numerical modelling with adaptive mesh  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...tidal energy and wind energy. In a tidal channel...current and hence energy extraction. Also...flow compared with wind turbine arrays where...captured the most energy over a tidal cycle...a) Adaptive grid An initial grid was...large to reduce the impact of high vorticity...

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

NATIONAL GEODATABASE OF TIDAL STREAM POWER RESOURCE IN USA  

SciTech Connect

A geodatabase of tidal constituents is developed to present the regional assessment of tidal stream power resource in the USA. Tidal currents are numerically modeled with the Regional Ocean Modeling System (ROMS) and calibrated with the available measurements of tidal current speeds and water level surfaces. The performance of the numerical model in predicting the tidal currents and water levels is assessed by an independent validation. The geodatabase is published on a public domain via a spatial database engine with interactive tools to select, query and download the data. Regions with the maximum average kinetic power density exceeding 500 W/m2 (corresponding to a current speed of ~1 m/s), total surface area larger than 0.5 km2 and depth greater than 5 m are defined as hotspots and documented. The regional assessment indicates that the state of Alaska (AK) has the largest number of locations with considerably high kinetic power density, followed by, Maine (ME), Washington (WA), Oregon (OR), California (CA), New Hampshire (NH), Massachusetts (MA), New York (NY), New Jersey (NJ), North and South Carolina (NC, SC), Georgia (GA), and Florida (FL).

Smith, Brennan T [ORNL; Neary, Vincent S [ORNL; Stewart, Kevin M [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Development and Verification of a Computational Fluid Dynamics Model of a Horizontal-Axis Tidal Current Turbine  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Development and Verification of Development and Verification of a Computational Fluid Dynamics Model of a Horizontal-Axis Tidal Current Turbine M.J. Lawson and Y. Li. National Renewable Energy Laboratory D.C. Sale University of Washington Presented at the 30 th International Conference on Ocean, Offshore, and Arctic Engineering Rotterdam, The Netherlands June 19-24, 2011 NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy, operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC. Conference Paper NREL/CP-5000-50981 October 2011 Contract No. DE-AC36-08GO28308 NOTICE The submitted manuscript has been offered by an employee of the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC (Alliance), a contractor of the US Government under Contract No. DE-AC36-08GO28308. Accordingly, the US

28

Tidal Energy Research  

SciTech Connect

This technical report contains results on the following topics: 1) Testing and analysis of sub-scale hydro-kinetic turbines in a flume, including the design and fabrication of the instrumented turbines. 2) Field measurements and analysis of the tidal energy resource and at a site in northern Puget Sound, that is being examined for turbine installation. 3) Conceptual design and performance analysis of hydro-kinetic turbines operating at high blockage ratio, for use for power generation and flow control in open channel flows.

Stelzenmuller, Nickolas [Univ of Washington; Aliseda, Alberto [Univ of Washington; Palodichuk, Michael [Univ of Washington; Polagye, Brian [Univ of Washington; Thomson, James [Univ of Washington; Chime, Arshiya [Univ of Washington; Malte, Philip [Univ of washington

2014-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

29

A Coupled Model for Laplace's Tidal Equations in a Fluid with One Horizontal Dimension and Variable Depth  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Tide–topography interactions dominate the transfer of tidal energy from large to small scales. At present, it is poorly understood how low-mode internal tides reflect and scatter along the continental margins. Here, the coupling equations for ...

Samuel M. Kelly; Nicole L. Jones; Jonathan D. Nash

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Accelerating Energy Savings Performance Contracting Through Model...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Accelerating Energy Savings Performance Contracting Through Model Statewide Programs Accelerating Energy Savings Performance Contracting Through Model Statewide Programs Provides...

31

A new approach to modeling and simulation of small scale tidal power generation  

SciTech Connect

Owing to the dynamic nature of the tide behavior and complex relationship between the flow and the head, the model is one of the most challenging and complex tasks. It is acknowledged in the literature that a more sophisticated model can lead to better results and accuracy. In this report the authors propose an artificial neural network to capture the complex relationship of tide dynamics as against the conventional models. The model is tested on the existing site located near Bombay. The training patterns are derived directly form field data. The model is employed for estimating maximum energy potential. The simulations carried out for the existing site are presented and discussed.

Khaparde, S.A.; Deokar, D.N.; Sukhatme, S.P. [Indian Inst. of Tech., Bombay (India). Dept. of Mechanical Engineering

1996-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Numerical modeling of Persian Gulf salinity variations due to tidal effects  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Numerical modeling of salinity changes in marine environment of Persian Gulf is investigated in this paper. Computer simulation ... in arbitrary and complex geometries, such as Persian Gulf domain. The results of...

S. R. Sabbagh Yazdi

2004-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

TEA - a linear frequency domain finite element model for tidal embayment analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A frequency domain (harmonic) finite element model is developed for the numerical prediction of depth average circulation within small embayments. Such embayments are often characterized by irregular boundaries and bottom ...

Westerink, Joannes J.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Tidal Wetlands Regulations (Connecticut)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Most activities occurring in or near tidal wetlands are regulated, and this section contains information on such activities and required permit applications for proposed activities. Applications...

35

Tidal Heating of Extra-Solar Planets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Extra-solar planets close to their host stars have likely undergone significant tidal evolution since the time of their formation. Tides probably dominated their orbital evolution once the dust and gas had cleared away, and as the orbits evolved there was substantial tidal heating within the planets. The tidal heating history of each planet may have contributed significantly to the thermal budget that governed the planet's physical properties, including its radius, which in many cases may be measured by observing transit events. Typically, tidal heating increases as a planet moves inward toward its star and then decreases as its orbit circularizes. Here we compute the plausible heating histories for several planets with measured radii, using the same tidal parameters for the star and planet that had been shown to reconcile the eccentricity distribution of close-in planets with other extra-solar planets. Several planets are discussed, including for example HD 209458 b, which may have undergone substantial tidal heating during the past billion years, perhaps enough to explain its large measured radius. Our models also show that GJ 876 d may have experienced tremendous heating and is probably not a solid, rocky planet. Theoretical models should include the role of tidal heating, which is large, but time-varying.

Brian Jackson; Richard Greenberg; Rory Barnes

2008-02-29T23:59:59.000Z

36

Clarence Strait Tidal Energy Project, Tenax Energy Tropical Tidal...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Energy Tropical Tidal Test Centre, Jump to: navigation, search 1 Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleClarenceStraitTidalEnergyProject,TenaxEnergyTropica...

37

Studies in Tidal Power  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... at Aber-vrach near Brest. The proposed barrage will be 150 metres long and the turbines will have a maximum output of about 1200 h.p. The tidal station is ... 1200 h.p. The tidal station is to be worked in conjunction with a second hydroelectric station utilising the waters of the river Diouris, which discharges into the estuary of ...

1924-01-26T23:59:59.000Z

38

Tidal Energy | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Add description List of Tidal Energy Incentives Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleTidalEnergy&oldid267201" Category: Articles with outstanding TODO tasks...

39

High-resolution survey of tidal energy towards power generation and influence of sea-level-rise: A case study at coast of New Jersey, USA  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The first and a crucial step in development of tidal power, which is now attracting more and more attention worldwide, is a reliable survey of temporal and spatial distribution of tidal energy along coastlines. This paper first reviews the advance in assessment of tidal energy, in particular marine hydrokinetic (MHK) energy, and discusses involved challenges and necessary approaches, and then it makes a thorough survey as an illustrative case study on distributions and top sites of MHK energy within the Might-Atlantic-Bight (MAB) with emphasis on the New Jersey (NJ) coastlines. In view of the needs in actual development of tidal power generation and sensitivity of tidal power to flow speed, the former being proportional to the third power of the latter, a high-resolution and detailed modeling is desired. Data with best available accuracy for coastlines, bathymetry, tributaries, etc. are used, meshes as fine as 20 m and less for the whole NJ coast are generated, and the unstructured grid finite volume coastal ocean model (FVCOM) and high performance computing (HPC) facilities are employed. Besides comparison with observation data, a series of numerical tests have been made to ensure reliability of the modeling results. A detailed tidal energy distribution and a list of top sites for tidal power are presented. It is shown that indeed sea-level-rise (SLR) affects the tidal energy distribution significantly. With SLR of 0.5 m and 1 m, tidal energy in NJ coastal waters increases by 21% and 43%, respectively, and the number of the top sties tends to decrease along the barrier islands facing the Atlantic Ocean and increase in the Delaware Bay and the Delaware River. On the basis of these results, further discussions are made on future development for accurate assessment of tidal energy.

H.S. Tang; S. Kraatz; K. Qu; G.Q. Chen; N. Aboobaker; C.B. Jiang

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

WaveDyn: A Design Tool for Performance & Operational Loads Modeling of WECs  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Experience with Validating MHK Tools Experience with Validating MHK Tools National Renewable Energy Laboratory - Broomfield, CO - July 9 th 2012 Contents * Overview of GL Garrad Hassan * List of Tools/Core Expertise: Dedicated Software * Waves: Resource assessment and site data analysis * WaveDyn: WEC performance and loads calculation (time-domain) * WaveFarmer: Planning and optimization of a WEC array * Tides: Resource assessment and site data analysis * Tidal Bladed: Tidal Turbine performance and loads calculation (time-domain) * TidalFarmer: Planning and optimization of a tidal turbine array * Validation Experience * Tidal Bladed * ReDAPT * PerAWaT * WaveDyn Who are GL Garrad Hassan? * Industry-leading independent renewable energy consultancy * Established in 1984 * Over 950 full time staff, in 42 locations, across 24 countries worldwide

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "modeling performance tidal" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Development and Verification of a Computational Fluid Dynamics Model of a Horizontal-Axis Tidal Current Turbine  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes the development of a computational fluid dynamics (CFD) methodology to simulate the hydrodynamics of horizontal-axis tidal current turbines. Qualitative measures of the CFD solutions were independent of the grid resolution. Conversely, quantitative comparisons of the results indicated that the use of coarse computational grids results in an under prediction of the hydrodynamic forces on the turbine blade in comparison to the forces predicted using more resolved grids. For the turbine operating conditions considered in this study, the effect of the computational timestep on the CFD solution was found to be minimal, and the results from steady and transient simulations were in good agreement. Additionally, the CFD results were compared to corresponding blade element momentum method calculations and reasonable agreement was shown. Nevertheless, we expect that for other turbine operating conditions, where the flow over the blade is separated, transient simulations will be required.

Lawson, M. J.; Li, Y.; Sale, D. C.

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Modeling Tidal Marsh Distribution with Sea-Level Rise: Evaluating the Role of Vegetation, Sediment, and Upland Habitat in Marsh Resiliency  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and patterns across a salinity gradient using high spatialacross the estuarine salinity gradient. Four tidal marshesconcentrations across a salinity gradient would more

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Restoration of Tidal Flow to Degraded Tidal Wetlands in Connecticut  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Connecticut’s tidal wetlands, ranging from salt marsh ... the state’s rivers (e.g., Connecticut, Quinnipiac, and Housatonic). Today, approximately 5900 hectares of tidal wetland occur in Connecticut, two thirds o...

Ron Rozsa

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Earth Tidal Analysis At Raft River Geothermal Area (1980) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Earth Tidal Analysis At Raft River Geothermal Earth Tidal Analysis At Raft River Geothermal Area(1980) Exploration Activity Details Location Raft River Geothermal Area Exploration Technique Earth Tidal Analysis Activity Date 1980 Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown Exploration Basis Determine the reservoir response to tidal and barometric effects Notes Porosity-total compressibility product evaluation based on tidal strain response compares favorably with results based on conventional pumping techniques. Analysis of reservoir response to barometric loading using Auto Regressive Integrated Moving Average (ARIMA) stochastic modeling appears also to have potential use for the evaluation of reservoir parameters. References Hanson, J. M. (29 May 1980) Reservoir response to tidal and barometric effects

45

THE INFLUENCE OF ORBITAL ECCENTRICITY ON TIDAL RADII OF STAR CLUSTERS  

SciTech Connect

We have performed N-body simulations of star clusters orbiting in a spherically symmetric smooth galactic potential. The model clusters cover a range of initial half-mass radii and orbital eccentricities in order to test the historical assumption that the tidal radius of a cluster is imposed at perigalacticon. The traditional assumption for globular clusters is that since the internal relaxation time is larger than its orbital period, the cluster is tidally stripped at perigalacticon. Instead, our simulations show that a cluster with an eccentric orbit does not need to fully relax in order to expand. After a perigalactic pass, a cluster recaptures previously unbound stars, and the tidal shock at perigalacticon has the effect of energizing inner region stars to larger orbits. Therefore, instead of the limiting radius being imposed at perigalacticon, it more nearly traces the instantaneous tidal radius of the cluster at any point in the orbit. We present a numerical correction factor to theoretical tidal radii calculated at perigalacticon which takes into consideration both the orbital eccentricity and current orbital phase of the cluster.

Webb, Jeremy J.; Harris, William E.; Sills, Alison [Department of Physics and Astronomy, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON L8S 4M1 (Canada)] [Department of Physics and Astronomy, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON L8S 4M1 (Canada); Hurley, Jarrod R., E-mail: webbjj@mcmaster.ca [Centre for Astrophysics and Supercomputing, Swinburne University of Technology, P.O. Box 218, VIC 3122 (Australia)

2013-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

46

MHK Technologies/Tidal Lagoons | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Tidal Lagoons Tidal Lagoons < MHK Technologies Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Tidal Lagoons.jpg Technology Profile Primary Organization Tidal Electric Project(s) where this technology is utilized *MHK Projects/Dandong City *MHK Projects/Swansea Bay Technology Resource Click here Current/Tidal Technology Type Click here Cross Flow Turbine Technology Readiness Level Click here TRL 1-3: Discovery / Concept Definition / Early Stage Development & Design & Engineering Technology Description idal Lagoons are situated a mile or more offshore in high tidal range areas, and use a rubble mound impoundment structure and low-head hydroelectric bulb turbines. Shallow tidal flats provide the most economical sites. Multi-cell Tidal Lagoons provide higher load factors (about 62%) and have the flexibility to shape the output curve in order to dispatch power in response to demand price signals. The impoundment structure is a conventional rubble mound breakwater (loose rock, concrete, and marine sheetpiles are among the types of appropriate materials for the impoundment structure), with ordinary performance specifications and is built from the most economical materials. The barrage is much shorter than an impoundment structure with the same output capacity, but the barrage is a much larger structure. The offshore tidal generator uses conventional low-head hydroelectric generation equipment and control systems. The equipment consists of a mixed-flow reversible bulb turbine, a generator, and the control system. Manufacturers/suppliers include Alstom, GE, Kvaerner, Siemens, Voith, Sulzer, and others.

47

A model for the contribution of macrophyte-derived organic carbon in harvested tidal freshwater marshes to surrounding estuarine and oceanic ecosystems and its response to global warming  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The tidal freshwater marshes dominated by Phragmites australis (common reed) in the Chongxi Wetland are important components of the Yangtze River estuary in China. The litter from P. australis is exported to the surrounding estuarine area and the sea with the tidal flushing in the form of plant residue, particulate organic matter, and dissolved organic matter and is an important organic carbon resource of the East China Sea. A model was constructed using STELLA® software (version 9.1.3) to simulate the contribution of macrophyte-derived organic carbon to surrounding estuary and ocean ecosystems. The model is based on the monitoring and observational data from field surveys and published information on the Chongxi Wetland from 2008 to 2011, and the response of the total organic carbon flowing out of the wetland to global changes was also predicted in conditions of plant shoots that were annually harvested in winter. The results demonstrate the following: (1) the annual contributed organic carbon is 891 g C m?2, of which 612 g C m?2 flows out of the wetland directly as plant residue; (2) total organic carbon continually increases after a short decrease at the start of April of 2010, retains a high value from mid-July to mid-November and rapidly decreases to approximately zero during the harvest of the aboveground plant organs; and (3) accumulated annual organic carbon contributions to the surrounding estuarine and oceanic ecosystems are predicted to increase as the global average temperature rises, and the sea level increases.

Jiarui Zhang; Sven E. Jřrgensen; Jianjian Lu; Sřren N. Nielsen; Qiang Wang

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Tidal Capture of Stars by Intermediate-Mass Black Holes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recent X-ray observations and theoretical modelling have made it plausible that some ultraluminous X-ray sources (ULX) are powered by intermediate-mass black holes (IMBHs). N-body simulations have also shown that runaway merging of stars in dense star clusters is a way to form IMBHs. In the present paper we have performed N-body simulations of young clusters such as MGG-11 of M82 in which IMBHs form through runaway merging. We took into account the effect of tidal heating of stars by the IMBH to study the tidal capture and disruption of stars by IMBHs. Our results show that the IMBHs have a high chance of capturing stars through tidal heating within a few core relaxation times and we find that 1/3 of all runs contain a ULX within the age limits of MGG-11, a result consistent with the fact that a ULX is found in this galaxy. Our results strengthen the case for some ULX being powered by intermediate-mass black holes.

H. Baumgardt; C. Hopman; S. Portegies Zwart; J. Makino

2005-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

49

Dynamics, diffusion and geomorphological significance of tidal residual eddies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... or parabolic sand ridges in tidal areas, such as the Flemish Banks in the Southern Bight of the North Sea. We now know that nearly all shallow tidal areas where ... Numerical/hydraulic7,19 model\t0.1\t2\t5x10-5\t4.10-1\tA\t44

J. T. F. Zimmerman

1981-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

50

Three-dimensional Numerical Analysis on Blade Response of Vertical Axis Tidal Current Turbine Under Operational Condition  

SciTech Connect

Tidal power as a large-scale renewable source of energy has been receiving significant attention recently because of its advantages over the wind and other renewal energy sources. The technology used to harvest energy from tidal current is called a tidal current turbine. Though some of the principles of wind turbine design are applicable to tidal current turbines, the design of latter ones need additional considerations like cavitation damage, corrosion etc. for the long-term reliability of such turbines. Depending up on the orientation of axis, tidal current turbines can be classified as vertical axis turbines or horizontal axis turbines. Existing studies on the vertical axis tidal current turbine focus more on the hydrodynamic aspects of the turbine rather than the structural aspects. This paper summarizes our recent efforts to study the integrated hydrodynamic and structural aspects of the vertical axis tidal current turbines. After reviewing existing methods in modeling tidal current turbines, we developed a hybrid approach that combines discrete vortex method -finite element method that can simulate the integrated hydrodynamic and structural response of a vertical axis turbine. This hybrid method was initially employed to analyze a typical three-blade vertical axis turbine. The power coefficient was used to evaluate the hydrodynamic performance, and critical deflection was considered to evaluate the structural reliability. A sensitivity analysis was also conducted with various turbine height-to-radius ratios. The results indicate that both the power output and failure probability increase with the turbine height, suggesting a necessity for optimal design. An attempt to optimize a 3-blade vertical axis turbine design with hybrid method yielded a ratio of turbine height to radius (H/R) about 3.0 for reliable maximum power output.

Li, Ye; Karri, Naveen K.; Wang, Qi

2014-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

51

Statistical Performance Modeling of SRAMs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Yield analysis is a critical step in memory designs considering a variety of performance constraints. Traditional circuit level Monte-Carlo simulations for yield estimation of Static Random Access Memory (SRAM) cell is quite time consuming due...

Zhao, Chang

2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

52

ASSESSMENT OF ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE OF MODEL PREDICTIVE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ASSESSMENT OF ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE OF MODEL PREDICTIVE CONTROL THROUGH VARIANCE/CONSTRAINT TUNING advanced process control (APC) strategies to deal with multivariable constrained control problems with an ultimate objective towards economic optimization. Any attempt to evaluate MPC performance should therefore

Huang, Biao

53

Sandia National Laboratories: PV Performance Modeling Collaborative  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

being pursued in this collaborative include: PVPMC Website: (http:pvpmc.org) Matlab(tm) PV Performance Modeling Toolbox (PVLIB Toolbox can be downloaded on http:...

54

On the statistical stability of the M2 barotropic and baroclinic tidal characteristics from along-track TOPEX//Poseidon  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with internal tidal wave activity and for those who assimilate altimetric data in their models by giving-track TOPEX//Poseidon satellite altimetry analysis Loren Carre`re, Christian Le Provost, and Florent Lyard. [1] An along-track analysis of 7 years of TOPEX/Poseidon (T/P) data has been performed on the global

55

Performance modeling in the design process  

SciTech Connect

Here, in capsule form, are some lessons learned trying to integrate performance modeling into the design process. Performance modeling should play a central role in system design; ignore it at your peril. The role of performance modeling is not the same in all design projects. Clearly specify performance goals and what factors will affect performance; they try to model those factors. Obtaining the data for the models can be a major problem; ongoing measurement projects are always worthwhile. Prototypes can be valuable data gathering tools if they are instrumented for this purpose. Anticipate the effect of environment on the system you are designing, and the effects of the system on the environment. Including the performance analyst on the design team from the beginning; if he is perceived as an outsider, he is more likely to be ignored, especially if decisions have already been made.

Alexander, W.; Brice, R.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

A review of the tidal current energy resource in Norway  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

As interest in renewable energy sources is steadily on the rise, tidal current energy is receiving more and more attention from politicans, industrialists, and academics. In this article, the conditions for and potential of tidal currents as an energy resource in Norway are reviewed. There having been a relatively small amount of academic work published in this particular field, closely related topics such as the energy situation in Norway in general, the oceanography of the Norwegian coastline, and numerical models of tidal currents in Norwegian waters are also examined. Two published tidal energy resource assessments are reviewed and compared to a desktop study made specifically for this review based on available data in pilot books. The argument is made that tidal current energy ought to be an important option for Norway in terms of renewable energy.

Mĺrten Grabbe; Emilia Lalander; Staffan Lundin; Mats Leijon

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

A numerical study of the barotropic tides and tidal energy distribution in the Indonesian seas with the assimilated finite volume coastal ocean model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The tides and tidal energetics in the Indonesian seas ... faithfully reproduced the general features of the barotropic tides in the Indonesian Seas. The mean root...2, S2, K1, and O1..., respectively. Analysis of...

Yang Ding; Xianwen Bao; Huaming Yu; Liang Kuang

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

Feasibility of Tidal and Ocean Current Energy in False Pass, Aleutian Islands, Alaska FINAL REPORT  

SciTech Connect

The Aleutian Pribilof Islands Association was awarded a U.S. Department of Energy Tribal Energy Program grant (DE-EE0005624) for the Feasibility of Tidal and Ocean Current Energy in False Pass, Aleutian Islands, Alaska (Project). The goal of the Project was to perform a feasibility study to determine if a tidal energy project would be a viable means to generate electricity and heat to meet long-term fossil fuel use reduction goals, specifically to produce at least 30% of the electrical and heating needs of the tribally-owned buildings in False Pass. The Project Team included the Aleut Region organizations comprised of the Aleutian Pribilof Island Association (APIA), and Aleutian Pribilof Island Community Development Association (APICDA); the University of Alaska Anchorage, ORPC Alaska a wholly-owned subsidiary of Ocean Renewable Power Company (ORPC), City of False Pass, Benthic GeoScience, and the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL). The following Project objectives were completed: collected existing bathymetric, tidal, and ocean current data to develop a basic model of current circulation at False Pass, measured current velocities at two sites for a full lunar cycle to establish the viability of the current resource, collected data on transmission infrastructure, electrical loads, and electrical generation at False Pass, performed economic analysis based on current costs of energy and amount of energy anticipated from and costs associated with the tidal energy project conceptual design and scoped environmental issues. Utilizing circulation modeling, the Project Team identified two target sites with strong potential for robust tidal energy resources in Isanotski Strait and another nearer the City of False Pass. In addition, the Project Team completed a survey of the electrical infrastructure, which identified likely sites of interconnection and clarified required transmission distances from the tidal energy resources. Based on resource and electrical data, the Project Team developed a conceptual tidal energy project design utilizing ORPC’s TidGen® Power System. While the Project Team has not committed to ORPC technology for future development of a False Pass project, this conceptual design was critical to informing the Project’s economic analysis. The results showed that power from a tidal energy project could be provided to the City of False at a rate at or below the cost of diesel generated electricity and sold to commercial customers at rates competitive with current market rates, providing a stable, flat priced, environmentally sound alternative to the diesel generation currently utilized for energy in the community. The Project Team concluded that with additional grants and private investment a tidal energy project at False Pass is well-positioned to be the first tidal energy project to be developed in Alaska, and the first tidal energy project to be interconnected to an isolated micro grid in the world. A viable project will be a model for similar projects in coastal Alaska.

Wright, Bruce Albert [Aleutian Pribilof Islands Association] [Aleutian Pribilof Islands Association

2014-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

59

Performance evaluation of mixed model assembly lines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Performance evaluation for a Mixed Model Assembly Line Balancing Problem is complicated as a multitude of factors affect operational objectives while the objectives themselves can not be represented easily. This paper reports a study of the effect of four factors namely number of workstations, number of models, demand pattern and stochastic variability of task times on performance measures used for representing the operational objectives. Analysis of Variance and Signal to Noise (S/N) ratio have been used to evaluate the ability of performance measures in representing the operational objectives and to identify the impact of the factors/interactions on the behaviour of performance measures.

Jonnalagedda V.L. Venkatesh; Balaji M. Dabade

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Global Calculation of Tidal Energy Conversion into Vertical Normal Modes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A direct calculation of the tidal generation of internal waves over the global ocean is presented. The calculation is based on a semianalytical model, assuming that the internal tide characteristic slope exceeds the bathymetric slope (subcritical ...

Saeed Falahat; Jonas Nycander; Fabien Roquet; Moundheur Zarroug

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "modeling performance tidal" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

About Energy Savings Performance Contracting Model Documents  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This page provides more information about the creation of the Energy Savings Performance Contracting (ESPC) Model Documents to be used when developing or updating procurement and contracting documents for ESPC projects and programs.

62

Tidal Energy Basics | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Tidal Energy Basics Tidal Energy Basics Tidal Energy Basics August 16, 2013 - 4:26pm Addthis Photo of the ocean rising along the beach. Some of the oldest ocean energy technologies use tidal power. All coastal areas experience two high tides and two low tides over a period of slightly more than 24 hours. For those tidal differences to be harnessed into electricity, the difference between high and low tides must be more than 16 feet (or at least 5 meters). However, there are only about 40 sites on Earth with tidal ranges of this magnitude. Currently, there are no tidal power plants in the United States, but conditions are good for tidal power generation in the Pacific Northwest and the Atlantic Northeast regions. Tidal Energy Technologies Tidal energy technologies include barrages or dams, tidal fences, and tidal

63

Performance Engineering in the Community Atmosphere Model  

SciTech Connect

The Community Atmosphere Model (CAM) is the atmospheric component of the Community Climate System Model (CCSM) and is the primary consumer of computer resources in typical CCSM simulations. Performance engineering has been an important aspect of CAM development throughout its existence. This paper briefly summarizes these efforts and their impacts over the past five years.

Worley, P; Mirin, A; Drake, J; Sawyer, W

2006-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

64

Marine & Hydrokinetic Technology Readiness Initiative TIDAL ENERGY...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Marine & Hydrokinetic Technology Readiness Initiative TIDAL ENERGY SYSTEM FOR ON-SHORE POWER GENERATION Marine & Hydrokinetic Technology Readiness Initiative DE-EE0003636 TIDAL...

65

A large-eddy simulation study of wake propagation and power production in an array of tidal-current turbines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...production in an array of tidal-current turbines Matthew J. Churchfield Ye Li Patrick...performing large-eddy simulations of tidal turbine array flows. First, a horizontally periodic...those data are used as inflow into a tidal turbine array two rows deep and infinitely wide...

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

Response of a climate model to tidal mixing parameterization under present day and last glacial maximum conditions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to examine the model's response to a vertical mixing scheme based on internal tide energy dissipation. The increase in internal tide energy flux caused by a $120 m reduction in sea level had the expected effect by sea level change was not related to alterations in the internal tide energy flux but rather

Jayne, Steven

67

Critical review of glass performance modeling  

SciTech Connect

Borosilicate glass is to be used for permanent disposal of high-level nuclear waste in a geologic repository. Mechanistic chemical models are used to predict the rate at which radionuclides will be released from the glass under repository conditions. The most successful and useful of these models link reaction path geochemical modeling programs with a glass dissolution rate law that is consistent with transition state theory. These models have been used to simulate several types of short-term laboratory tests of glass dissolution and to predict the long-term performance of the glass in a repository. Although mechanistically based, the current models are limited by a lack of unambiguous experimental support for some of their assumptions. The most severe problem of this type is the lack of an existing validated mechanism that controls long-term glass dissolution rates. Current models can be improved by performing carefully designed experiments and using the experimental results to validate the rate-controlling mechanisms implicit in the models. These models should be supported with long-term experiments to be used for model validation. The mechanistic basis of the models should be explored by using modern molecular simulations such as molecular orbital and molecular dynamics to investigate both the glass structure and its dissolution process.

Bourcier, W.L. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States)

1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Modeling well performance in compartmentalized gas reservoirs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

index in estimating reservoir performance. • The optimization routine is done with VBA using Excel solver. Model Assumptions • The reservoir is in stabilized flow under pseudo-steady state conditions at constant pressure with no aquifer influx... is matched with a type curve to predict field performance. Fetkovich Decline Type Curves 11 is based on analytical solutions to flow equations for production at constant BHP and include both transient and boundary dominated flow periods. These log...

Yusuf, Nurudeen

2008-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

69

Modeling well performance in compartmentalized gas reservoirs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

index in estimating reservoir performance. ? The optimization routine is done with VBA using Excel solver. Model Assumptions ? The reservoir is in stabilized flow under pseudo-steady state conditions at constant pressure with no aquifer influx... is matched with a type curve to predict field performance. Fetkovich Decline Type Curves 11 is based on analytical solutions to flow equations for production at constant BHP and include both transient and boundary dominated flow periods. These log...

Yusuf, Nurudeen

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

70

Tidal-powered water sampler  

SciTech Connect

A tidal-powered compositing water sampler has been designed to operate over a wide range of tides. It can sample water over long periods without attention and can be made from inexpensive hardware components and two check valves. The working principle of the sampler is to use the reduction of pressure by the falling tide and the stored pressure from the previous high tide to pump water into a collection bottle. The sampler can produce a constant volume of water per tidal cycle over a tidal range of 2 to 4 m.

Hayes, D.W.; Harris, S.D.; Stoughton, R.S.

1980-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Reservoir response to tidal and barometric effects | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

to tidal and barometric effects to tidal and barometric effects Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Conference Proceedings: Reservoir response to tidal and barometric effects Details Activities (2) Areas (2) Regions (0) Abstract: Solid earth tidal strain and surface loading due to fluctuations in barometric pressure have the effect, although extremely minute, of dilating or contracting the effective pore volume in a porous reservoir. If a well intersects the formation, the change in pore pressure can be measured with sensitive quartz pressure gauges. Mathematical models of the relevant fluid dynamics of the well-reservoir system have been generated and tested against conventional well pumping results or core data at the Salton Sea Geothermal Field (SSGF), California and at the Raft River,

72

Climate Modeling using High-Performance Computing  

SciTech Connect

The Center for Applied Scientific Computing (CASC) and the LLNL Climate and Carbon Science Group of Energy and Environment (E and E) are working together to improve predictions of future climate by applying the best available computational methods and computer resources to this problem. Over the last decade, researchers at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) have developed a number of climate models that provide state-of-the-art simulations on a wide variety of massively parallel computers. We are now developing and applying a second generation of high-performance climate models. Through the addition of relevant physical processes, we are developing an earth systems modeling capability as well.

Mirin, A A

2007-02-05T23:59:59.000Z

73

Modeling Topaz-II system performance  

SciTech Connect

The US acquisition of the Topaz-11 in-core thermionic space reactor test system from Russia provides a good opportunity to perform a comparison of the Russian reported data and the results from computer codes such as MCNP (Ref. 3) and TFEHX (Ref. 4). The comparison study includes both neutronic and thermionic performance analyses. The Topaz II thermionic reactor is modeled with MCNP using actual Russian dimensions and parameters. The computation of the neutronic performance considers several important aspects such as the fuel enrichment and location of the thermionic fuel elements (TFES) in the reactor core. The neutronic analysis included the calculation of both radial and axial power distribution, which are then used in the TFEHX code for electrical performance. The reactor modeled consists of 37 single-cell TFEs distributed in a 13-cm-radius zirconium hydride block surrounded by 8 cm of beryllium metal reflector. The TFEs use 90% enriched [sup 235]U and molybdenum coated with a thin layer of [sup 184]W for emitter surface. Electrons emitted are captured by a collector surface with a gap filled with cesium vapor between the collector and emitter surfaces. The collector surface is electrically insulated with alumina. Liquid NaK provides the cooling system for the TFEs. The axial thermal power distribution is obtained by dividing the TFE into 40 axial nodes. Comparison of the true axial power distribution with that produced by electrical heaters was also performed.

Lee, H.H.; Klein, A.C. (Oregon State Univ., Corvallis (United States))

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

System Advisor Model: Flat Plate Photovoltaic Performance Modeling Validation Report  

SciTech Connect

The System Advisor Model (SAM) is a free software tool that performs detailed analysis of both system performance and system financing for a variety of renewable energy technologies. This report provides detailed validation of the SAM flat plate photovoltaic performance model by comparing SAM-modeled PV system generation data to actual measured production data for nine PV systems ranging from 75 kW to greater than 25 MW in size. The results show strong agreement between SAM predictions and field data, with annualized prediction error below 3% for all fixed tilt cases and below 8% for all one axis tracked cases. The analysis concludes that snow cover and system outages are the primary sources of disagreement, and other deviations resulting from seasonal biases in the irradiation models and one axis tracking issues are discussed in detail.

Freeman, J.; Whitmore, J.; Kaffine, L.; Blair, N.; Dobos, A. P.

2013-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Underestimation of the UK Tidal David J.C. MacKay  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

physical model of the flow of energy in a tidal wave. In a shallow­water­wave model of tide, the true flow and h is the tide's verti­ cal amplitude. The tidal resource may therefore have been underestimated­page comment on the DTI Energy Review, Salter [2005] suggests that this standard figure may well be an under

MacKay, David J.C.

76

Tidal Heating of Terrestrial Extra-Solar Planets and Implications for their Habitability  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The tidal heating of hypothetical rocky (or terrestrial) extra-solar planets spans a wide range of values depending on stellar masses and initial orbits. Tidal heating may be sufficiently large (in many cases, in excess of radiogenic heating) and long-lived to drive plate tectonics, similar to the Earth's, which may enhance the planet's habitability. In other cases, excessive tidal heating may result in Io-like planets with violent volcanism, probably rendering them unsuitable for life. On water-rich planets, tidal heating may generate sub-surface oceans analogous to Europa's with similar prospects for habitability. Tidal heating may enhance the outgassing of volatiles, contributing to the formation and replenishment of a planet's atmosphere. To address these issues, we model the tidal heating and evolution of hypothetical extra-solar terrestrial planets. The results presented here constrain the orbital and physical properties required for planets to be habitable.

Brian Jackson; Rory Barnes; Richard Greenberg

2008-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

77

Earth Tidal Analysis | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Earth Tidal Analysis Earth Tidal Analysis Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Technique: Earth Tidal Analysis Details Activities (6) Areas (4) Regions (0) NEPA(0) Exploration Technique Information Exploration Group: Downhole Techniques Exploration Sub Group: Well Testing Techniques Parent Exploration Technique: Well Testing Techniques Information Provided by Technique Lithology: Enables estimation of in-situ reservoir elastic parameters. Stratigraphic/Structural: Hydrological: Enables estimation of in-situ reservoir hydraulic parameters. Thermal: Dictionary.png Earth Tidal Analysis: Earth tidal analysis is the measurement of the impact of tidal and barometric fluctuations on effective pore volume in a porous reservoir. Other definitions:Wikipedia Reegle

78

Earth Tidal Analysis At Salton Sea Geothermal Area (1980) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

80) 80) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Earth Tidal Analysis At Salton Sea Geothermal Area (1980) Exploration Activity Details Location Salton Sea Geothermal Area Exploration Technique Earth Tidal Analysis Activity Date 1980 Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown Exploration Basis Determine the reservoir response to tidal and barometric effects Notes Porosity-total compressibility product evaluation based on tidal strain response compares favorably with results based on conventional pumping techniques. Analysis of reservoir response to barometric loading using Auto Regressive Integrated Moving Average (ARIMA) stochastic modeling appears also to have potential use for the evaluation of reservoir parameters.

79

Structural Design of a Horizontal-Axis Tidal Current Turbine Composite Blade  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes the structural design of a tidal composite blade. The structural design is preceded by two steps: hydrodynamic design and determination of extreme loads. The hydrodynamic design provides the chord and twist distributions along the blade length that result in optimal performance of the tidal turbine over its lifetime. The extreme loads, i.e. the extreme flap and edgewise loads that the blade would likely encounter over its lifetime, are associated with extreme tidal flow conditions and are obtained using a computational fluid dynamics (CFD) software. Given the blade external shape and the extreme loads, we use a laminate-theory-based structural design to determine the optimal layout of composite laminas such that the ultimate-strength and buckling-resistance criteria are satisfied at all points in the blade. The structural design approach allows for arbitrary specification of the chord, twist, and airfoil geometry along the blade and an arbitrary number of shear webs. In addition, certain fabrication criteria are imposed, for example, each composite laminate must be an integral multiple of its constituent ply thickness. In the present effort, the structural design uses only static extreme loads; dynamic-loads-based fatigue design will be addressed in the future. Following the blade design, we compute the distributed structural properties, i.e. flap stiffness, edgewise stiffness, torsion stiffness, mass, moments of inertia, elastic-axis offset, and center-of-mass offset along the blade. Such properties are required by hydro-elastic codes to model the tidal current turbine and to perform modal, stability, loads, and response analyses.

Bir, G. S.; Lawson, M. J.; Li, Y.

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

High performance computing and numerical modelling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Numerical methods play an ever more important role in astrophysics. This is especially true in theoretical works, but of course, even in purely observational projects, data analysis without massive use of computational methods has become unthinkable. The key utility of computer simulations comes from their ability to solve complex systems of equations that are either intractable with analytic techniques or only amenable to highly approximative treatments. Simulations are best viewed as a powerful complement to analytic reasoning, and as the method of choice to model systems that feature enormous physical complexity such as star formation in evolving galaxies, the topic of this 43rd Saas Fee Advanced Course. The organizers asked me to lecture about high performance computing and numerical modelling in this winter school, and to specifically cover the basics of numerically treating gravity and hydrodynamics in the context of galaxy evolution. This is still a vast field, and I necessarily had to select a subset ...

,

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "modeling performance tidal" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Tidal Electric | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Electric Electric Jump to: navigation, search Name Tidal Electric Place London, Greater London, United Kingdom Zip SW19 8UY Product Developed a technology named 'tidal lagoons' to build tidal electric projects. Coordinates 51.506325°, -0.127144° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":51.506325,"lon":-0.127144,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

82

GLOBAL CHANGE AND TIDAL FRESHWATER WETLANDS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Chapter 23 GLOBAL CHANGE AND TIDAL FRESHWATER WETLANDS: SCENARIOS AND IMPACTS Scott C. Neubauer Tidal Freshwater Wetlands, edited by Aat Barendregt, Dennis Whigham & Andrew Baldwin 2009, viii + 320pp Publishers GmbH This chapter was originally published in the book ,,Tidal Freshwater Wetlands". The copy

Neubauer, Scott C.

83

Extreme Value Analysis of Tidal Stream Velocity Perturbations  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents a statistical extreme value analysis of maximum velocity perturbations from the mean flow speed in a tidal stream. This study was performed using tidal velocity data measured using both an Acoustic Doppler Velocimeter (ADV) and an Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler (ADCP) at the same location which allows for direct comparison of predictions. The extreme value analysis implements of a Peak-Over-Threshold method to explore the effect of perturbation length and time scale on the magnitude of a 50-year perturbation.

Harding, Samuel; Thomson, Jim; Polagye, Brian; Richmond, Marshall C.; Durgesh, Vibhav; Bryden, Ian

2011-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

84

Multiscale heterogeneity characterization of tidal channel, tidal delta and foreshore facies, Almond Formation outcrops, Rock Springs uplift, Wyoming  

SciTech Connect

In order to accurately predict fluid flow within a reservoir, variability in the rock properties at all scales relevant to the specific depositional environment needs to be taken into account. The present work describes rock variability at scales from hundreds of meters (facies level) to millimeters (laminae) based on outcrop studies of the Almond Formation. Tidal channel, tidal delta and foreshore facies were sampled on the eastern flank of the Rock Springs uplift, southeast of Rock Springs, Wyoming. The Almond Fm. was deposited as part of a mesotidal Upper Cretaceous transgressive systems tract within the greater Green River Basin. Bedding style, lithology, lateral extent of beds of bedsets, bed thickness, amount and distribution of depositional clay matrix, bioturbation and grain sorting provide controls on sandstone properties that may vary more than an order of magnitude within and between depositional facies in outcrops of the Almond Formation. These features can be mapped on the scale of an outcrop. The products of diagenesis such as the relative timing of carbonate cement, scale of cemented zones, continuity of cemented zones, selectively leached framework grains, lateral variability of compaction of sedimentary rock fragments, and the resultant pore structure play an equally important, although less predictable role in determining rock property heterogeneity. A knowledge of the spatial distribution of the products of diagenesis such as calcite cement or compaction is critical to modeling variation even within a single facies in the Almond Fin. because diagenesis can enhance or reduce primary (depositional) rock property heterogeneity. Application of outcrop heterogeneity models to the subsurface is greatly hindered by differences in diagenesis between the two settings. The measurements upon which this study is based were performed both on drilled outcrop plugs and on blocks.

Schatzinger, R.A.; Tomutsa, L. [BDM Petroleum Technologies, Bartlesville, OK (United States)

1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Tidal waves as yrast states in transitional nuclei  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The yrast states of transitional nuclei are described as quadrupole waves running over the nuclear surface, which we call tidal waves. In contrast to a rotor, which generates angular momentum by increasing the angular velocity at approximately constant deformation, a tidal wave generates angular momentum by increasing the deformation at approximately constant angular velocity. The properties of the tidal waves are calculated by means of the cranking model in a microscopic way. The calculated energies and E2 transition probabilities of the yrast states in the transitional nuclides with $Z$= 44, 46, 48 and $N=56, 58, ..., 66$ reproduce the experiment in detail. The nonlinear response of the nucleonic orbitals results in a strong coupling between shape and single particle degrees of freedom.

S. Frauendorf; Y. Gu; J. Sun

2010-02-16T23:59:59.000Z

86

Tidal Residual Eddies and their Effect on Water Exchange in Puget Sound  

SciTech Connect

Tidal residual eddies are one of the important hydrodynamic features in tidally dominant estuaries and coastal bays, and they could have significant effects on water exchange in a tidal system. This paper presents a modeling study of tides and tidal residual eddies in Puget Sound, a tidally dominant fjord-like estuary in the Pacific Northwest coast, using a three-dimensional finite-volume coastal ocean model. Mechanisms of vorticity generation and asymmetric distribution patterns around an island/headland were analyzed using the dynamic vorticity transfer approach and numerical experiments. Model results of Puget Sound show that a number of large twin tidal residual eddies exist in the Admiralty Inlet because of the presence of major headlands in the inlet. Simulated residual vorticities near the major headlands indicate that the clockwise tidal residual eddy (negative vorticity) is generally stronger than the anticlockwise eddy (positive vorticity) because of the effect of Coriolis force. The effect of tidal residual eddies on water exchange in Puget Sound and its sub-basins were evaluated by simulations of dye transport. It was found that the strong transverse variability of residual currents in the Admiralty Inlet results in a dominant seaward transport along the eastern shore and a dominant landward transport along the western shore of the Inlet. A similar transport pattern in Hood Canal is caused by the presence of tidal residual eddies near the entrance of the canal. Model results show that tidal residual currents in Whidbey Basin are small in comparison to other sub-basins. A large clockwise residual circulation is formed around Vashon Island near entrance of South Sound, which can potentially constrain the water exchange between the Central Basin and South Sound.

Yang, Zhaoqing; Wang, Taiping

2013-08-30T23:59:59.000Z

87

Formal modelling of organisational goals based on performance indicators  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Every organisation exists or is created for the achievement of one or more goals. To ensure continued success, the organisation should monitor its performance with respect to the formulated goals. In practice the performance of an organisation is often ... Keywords: Enterprise architectures, Formal modelling, Formal verification, Goals, Mathematical logic, Organisation modelling, Performance evaluation, Performance indicators

Viara Popova; Alexei Sharpanskykh

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Software performance antipatterns: modeling and analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The problem of capturing performance problems is critical in the software design, mostly because the results of performance analysis (i.e. mean values, variances, and probability distributions) are difficult to be interpreted for providing feedback to ... Keywords: antipatterns, design alternatives, feedback generation, performance evaluation, software architecture

Vittorio Cortellessa; Antinisca Di Marco; Catia Trubiani

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Tidally-induced thermonuclear Supernovae  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We discuss the results of 3D simulations of tidal disruptions of white dwarfs by moderate-mass black holes as they may exist in the cores of globular clusters or dwarf galaxies. Our simulations follow self-consistently the hydrodynamic and nuclear evolution from the initial parabolic orbit over the disruption to the build-up of an accretion disk around the black hole. For strong enough encounters (pericentre distances smaller than about 1/3 of the tidal radius) the tidal compression is reversed by a shock and finally results in a thermonuclear explosion. These explosions are not restricted to progenitor masses close to the Chandrasekhar limit, we find exploding examples throughout the whole white dwarf mass range. There is, however, a restriction on the masses of the involved black holes: black holes more massive than $2\\times 10^5$ M$_\\odot$ swallow a typical 0.6 M$_\\odot$ dwarf before their tidal forces can overwhelm the star's self-gravity. Therefore, this mechanism is characteristic for black holes of moderate masses. The material that remains bound to the black hole settles into an accretion disk and produces an X-ray flare close to the Eddington limit of $L_{\\rm Edd} \\simeq 10^{41} {\\rm erg/s} M_{\\rm bh}/1000 M$_\\odot$), typically lasting for a few months. The combination of a peculiar thermonuclear supernova together with an X-ray flare thus whistle-blows the existence of such moderate-mass black holes. The next generation of wide field space-based instruments should be able to detect such events.

S. Rosswog; E. Ramirez-Ruiz; W. R. Hix

2008-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

90

Low Temperature Performance Characterization & Modeling | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting, May 18-22, 2009 -- Washington D.C. esp04jansen.pdf More Documents & Publications Low Temperature Performance Characterization...

91

Modelling and simulating fire tube boiler performance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A model for a flue gas boiler covering the flue gas and the water-/steam side has been formulated. The model has been formulated as a number of sub models that are merged into an overall model for the complete boiler. Sub models have been defined for the furnace, the convection zone (split in 2: a zone submerged in water and a zone covered by steam), a model for the material in the boiler (the steel) and 2 models for resp. the water/steam zone (the boiling) and the steam. The dynamic model has been developed as a number of Differential-Algebraic-Equation system (DAE). Subsequently MatLab/Simulink has been applied for carrying out the simulations. To be able to verify the simulated results an experiments has been carried out on a full scale boiler plant.

Kim Sřrensen; Claus M. S. Karstensen; Thomas Condra; Niels Houbak

92

TIDAL FRICTION AND TIDAL LAGGING. APPLICABILITY LIMITATIONS OF A POPULAR FORMULA FOR THE TIDAL TORQUE  

SciTech Connect

Tidal torques play a key role in rotational dynamics of celestial bodies. They govern these bodies' tidal despinning and also participate in the subtle process of entrapment of these bodies into spin-orbit resonances. This makes tidal torques directly relevant to the studies of habitability of planets and their moons. Our work begins with an explanation of how friction and lagging should be built into the theory of bodily tides. Although much of this material can be found in various publications, a short but self-consistent summary on the topic has been lacking in the hitherto literature, and we are filling the gap. After these preparations, we address a popular concise formula for the tidal torque, which is often used in the literature, for planets or stars. We explain why the derivation of this expression, offered in the paper by Goldreich and in the books by Kaula (Equation (4.5.29)) and Murray and Dermott (Equation (4.159)), implicitly sets the time lag to be frequency independent. Accordingly, the ensuing expression for the torque can be applied only to bodies having a very special (and very hypothetical) rheology which makes the time lag frequency independent, i.e., the same for all Fourier modes in the spectrum of tide. This expression for the torque should not be used for bodies of other rheologies. Specifically, the expression cannot be combined with an extra assertion of the geometric lag being constant, because at finite eccentricities the said assumption is incompatible with the constant-time-lag condition.

Efroimsky, Michael; Makarov, Valeri V., E-mail: michael.efroimsky@usno.navy.mil, E-mail: vvm@usno.navy.mil [US Naval Observatory, Washington, DC 20392 (United States)

2013-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

93

TIDAL NOVAE IN COMPACT BINARY WHITE DWARFS  

SciTech Connect

Compact binary white dwarfs (WDs) undergoing orbital decay due to gravitational radiation can experience significant tidal heating prior to merger. In these WDs, the dominant tidal effect involves the excitation of outgoing gravity waves in the inner stellar envelope and the dissipation of these waves in the outer envelope. As the binary orbit decays, the WDs are synchronized from outside in (with the envelope synchronized first, followed by the core). We examine the deposition of tidal heat in the envelope of a carbon-oxygen WD and study how such tidal heating affects the structure and evolution of the WD. We show that significant tidal heating can occur in the star's degenerate hydrogen layer. This layer heats up faster than it cools, triggering runaway nuclear fusion. Such 'tidal novae' may occur in all WD binaries containing a CO WD, at orbital periods between 5 minutes and 20 minutes, and precede the final merger by 10{sup 5}-10{sup 6} years.

Fuller, Jim; Lai Dong [Department of Astronomy, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14850 (United States)

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Applying High Performance Computing to Analyzing by Probabilistic Model Checking  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Applying High Performance Computing to Analyzing by Probabilistic Model Checking Mobile Cellular on the use of high performance computing in order to analyze with the proba- bilistic model checker PRISM. The Figure Generation Script 22 2 #12;1. Introduction We report in this paper on the use of high performance

Schneider, Carsten

95

Disc formation from stellar tidal disruptions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The potential of tidal disruption of stars to probe otherwise quiescent supermassive black holes cannot be exploited, if their dynamics is not fully understood. So far, the observational appearance of these events has been commonly derived from analytical extrapolations of the debris dynamical properties just after the stellar disruption. In this paper, we perform hydrodynamical simulations of stars in highly eccentric orbits, that follow the stellar debris after disruption and investigate their ultimate fate. We demonstrate that gas debris circularize on an orbital timescale because relativistic apsidal precession causes the stream to self-cross. The higher the eccentricity and/or the deeper the encounter, the faster is the circularization. If the internal energy deposited by shocks during stream self-interaction is readily radiated, the gas forms a narrow ring at the circularization radius. It will then proceed to accrete viscously at a super-Eddington rate, puffing up under radiation pressure. If instead c...

Bonnerot, Clément; Lodato, Giuseppe; Price, Daniel J

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Effects of Tidal Turbine Noise on Fish Hearing and Tissues - Draft Final Report - Environmental Effects of Marine and Hydrokinetic Energy  

SciTech Connect

Snohomish Public Utility District No.1 plans to deploy two 6 meter OpenHydro tidal turbines in Admiralty Inlet in Puget Sound, under a FERC pilot permitting process. Regulators and stakeholders have raised questions about the potential effect of noise from the turbines on marine life. Noise in the aquatic environment is known to be a stressor to many types of aquatic life, including marine mammals, fish and birds. Marine mammals and birds are exceptionally difficult to work with for technical and regulatory reasons. Fish have been used as surrogates for other aquatic organisms as they have similar auditory structures. This project was funded under the FY09 Funding Opportunity Announcement (FOA) to Snohomish PUD, in partnership with the University of Washington - Northwest National Marine Renewable Energy Center, the Sea Mammal Research Unit, and Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. The results of this study will inform the larger research project outcomes. Proposed tidal turbine deployments in coastal waters are likely to propagate noise into nearby waters, potentially causing stress to native organisms. For this set of experiments, juvenile Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) were used as the experimental model. Plans exist for prototype tidal turbines to be deployed into their habitat. Noise is known to affect fish in many ways, such as causing a threshold shift in auditory sensitivity or tissue damage. The characteristics of noise, its spectra and level, are important factors that influence the potential for the noise to injure fish. For example, the frequency range of the tidal turbine noise includes the audiogram (frequency range of hearing) of most fish. This study was performed during FY 2011 to determine if noise generated by a 6-m diameter OpenHydro turbine might affect juvenile Chinook salmon hearing or cause barotrauma. Naturally spawning stocks of Chinook salmon that utilize Puget Sound are listed as threatened (http://www.nwr.noaa.gov/ESA-Salmon-Listings/Salmon-Populations/Chinook/CKPUG.cfm); the fish used in this experiment were hatchery raised and their populations are not in danger of depletion. After they were exposed to simulated tidal turbine noise, the hearing of juvenile Chinook salmon was measured and necropsies performed to check for tissue damage. Experimental groups were (1) noise exposed, (2) control (the same handling as treatment fish but without exposure to tidal turbine noise), and (3) baseline (never handled). Experimental results indicate that non-lethal, low levels of tissue damage may have occurred but that there were no effects of noise exposure on the auditory systems of the test fish.

Halvorsen, Michele B.; Carlson, Thomas J.; Copping, Andrea E.

2011-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

97

A Knowledge Management Platform for Infrastructure Performance Modeling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Transportation Centers Program, in the interest of information exchange. The U.S. Government assumes no liability, utilization, evaluation and selection of performance models. Thus, the objective of the study is to build the capabilities of their own models. The platform advances infrastructure performance modeling because analysts

98

European Wave and Tidal Energy Conference  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The European Wave and Tidal Energy Conference (EWTEC) series are international, technical and scientific conferences, focussed on ocean renewable energy and widely respected for their commitment to...

99

Sandia National Laboratories: Tidal Energy Resource Assessment...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of current speed * temporal variation of power density * temporal variation of turbulence intensity * tidal energy resource assessment * Verdant Power Inc. Comments are closed....

100

Tocardo Tidal Energy Ltd | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Tocardo Tidal Energy Ltd Address: De Weel 20 Place: Zijdewind Zip: 1736KB Region: Netherlands Sector: Marine and Hydrokinetic Phone Number: 31 226 423411 Website: http:...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "modeling performance tidal" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Degradation Pathway Models for Photovoltaics Module Lifetime Performance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Degradation Pathway Models for Photovoltaics Module Lifetime Performance Nicholas R. Wheeler, Laura data from Underwriter Labs, featuring measurements taken on 18 identical photovoltaic (PV) modules in modules and their effects on module performance over lifetime. Index Terms--photovoltaics, statistical

Rollins, Andrew M.

102

An Investigation into Satellite Drag Modeling Performance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

parameters, but with so much variability, capturing the small scale changes the atmosphere undergoes is difficult. Many techniques have been developed to fine tune atmospheric models to include these variations. One such technique is dynamic calibration... ............................................................................. 49 2.3.1 Atmospheric Modeling Upgrade ..................................................... 50 2.3.1.1 NRLMSISE-2000 Modification ...................................................... 50 2.3.1.2 DCA Corrections Modification...

Mance, Stephen

2010-03-23T23:59:59.000Z

103

Appendix MASS: Performance Assessment Modeling Assumptions  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Rock Units MASS-12.2 Historical Context of the Salado Conceptual Model MASS-12.3 The Fracture Model MASS-12.4 Flow in the DRZ MASS-12.5 Actinide Transport in the Salado MASS-13.0...

104

Model Documents for an Energy Savings Performance Contract Project...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

to help you launch energy efficiency projects through Energy Savings Performance Contracting (ESPC). Read about how these documents were developed. The ESPC Model Documents...

105

Category:Earth Tidal Analysis | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Geothermalpower.jpg Looking for the Earth Tidal Analysis page? For detailed information on Earth Tidal Analysis, click here. Category:Earth Tidal Analysis Add.png Add a new Earth...

106

Modeling Windows in Energy Plus with Simple Performance Indices  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Modeling Windows in Energy Plus with Simple Performance Indices Modeling Windows in Energy Plus with Simple Performance Indices Title Modeling Windows in Energy Plus with Simple Performance Indices Publication Type Report LBNL Report Number LBNL-2804E Year of Publication 2009 Authors Arasteh, Dariush K., Christian Kohler, and Brent T. Griffith Date Published 10/2009 Call Number LBNL-2804E Abstract The paper describes the development of a model specification for performance monitoring systems for commercial buildings. The specification focuses on four key aspects of performance monitoring: performance metrics measurement system requirements data acquisition and archiving data visualization and reporting The aim is to assist building owners in specifying the extensions to their control systems that are required to provide building operators with the information needed to operate their buildings more efficiently and to provide automated diagnostic tools with the information required to detect and diagnose faults and problems that degrade energy performance.

107

Challenges and Instrumentation Solutions to Understanding the Nature of Tidal Flows  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Approach to Characterization of Full-Spectrum Approach to Characterization of Full-Spectrum Turbulence Near Current Tidal Energy Devices Presented by Brett Prairie of Rockland Scientific at the Marine and Hydrokinetic Technology and Environmental Instrumentation, Measurement & Computer Modeling Workshop Broomfield, Colorado July 9 - 11, 2012 ©2012 Rockland Scientific Inc. Presentation Agenda ©2012 Rockland Scientific Inc. 1. Introduction & Background 2. The importance of full-spectrum turbulence characterization for current tidal energy project development 3. How non-acoustic measurements can characterize small-scale turbulence near current tidal energy devices 4. Development of a continuous monitoring system to measure full-spectrum turbulence for the National Renewable Energy Laboratory

108

Performance Modeling and Access Methods for Temporal Database Management Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

implementation issues. Database systems with temporal support maintain history data on line together with current. Performance Modeling and Access Methods for Temporal Database Management Systems TR86-018 August. #12;Performance Modeling and Access Methods for Temporal Database Management Systems by Ilsoo Ahn

North Carolina at Chapel Hill, University of

109

Tidal dissipation and eccentricity pumping: Implications for the depth of the secondary eclipse of 55 Cnc e  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We use the super Earth 55 Cnc e as a case study to address an observable effect of tidal heating. We investigate whether planet-planet interactions can force the eccentricity of this planet to a level affecting the eclipse depth observed with Spitzer. Using the constant time lag tidal model, we first calculate the observed planet flux as a function of albedo and eccentricity, for different tidal dissipation constants and for two extreme cases: a planet with no heat redistribution and a planet with full heat redistribution. We derive the values of albedo and eccentricity that match the observed transit depth. We then perform N-body simulations of the planetary system including tides and General Relativity to follow the evolution of the eccentricity of planet e. We compare the range of eccentricities given by the simulations with the eccentricities required to alter the eclipse depth. We find that the eccentricity of planet e can be large enough to contribute at a measurable level to the thermal emission measur...

Bolmont, Emeline; Raymond, Sean N; Leconte, Jeremy; Hersant, Franck; Maurin, Anne-Sophie; Pericaud, Jessica

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Performance Modeling of Shared Memory Programsof SharedMemory Programs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

nus edu sg/~teoymURL: www.comp.nus.edu.sg/ teoym 7th Workshop on High Performance Computing UPM Analysis l i l d l­ Analytical Model · Summary 1 November 2011 47th Workshop on High Performance Computing November 2011 57th Workshop on High Performance Computing (invited talk) #12;R l t d W kRelated Work

Teo, Yong-Meng

111

Developing an Energy Performance Modeling Startup Kit  

SciTech Connect

In 2011, the NAHB Research Center began the first part of the multi-year effort by assessing the needs and motivations of residential remodelers regarding energy performance remodeling. The scope is multifaceted - all perspectives will be sought related to remodeling firms ranging in size from small-scale, sole proprietor to national. This will allow the Research Center to gain a deeper understanding of the remodeling and energy retrofit business and the needs of contractors when offering energy upgrade services. To determine the gaps and the motivation for energy performance remodeling, the NAHB Research Center conducted (1) an initial series of focus groups with remodelers at the 2011 International Builders' Show, (2) a second series of focus groups with remodelers at the NAHB Research Center in conjunction with the NAHB Spring Board meeting in DC, and (3) quantitative market research with remodelers based on the findings from the focus groups. The goal was threefold, to: Understand the current remodeling industry and the role of energy efficiency; Identify the gaps and barriers to adding energy efficiency into remodeling; and Quantify and prioritize the support needs of professional remodelers to increase sales and projects involving improving home energy efficiency. This report outlines all three of these tasks with remodelers.

Wood, A.

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Atmospheric heat redistribution and collapse on tidally locked rocky planets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Atmospheric collapse is likely to be of fundamental importance to tidally locked rocky exoplanets but remains understudied. Here, general results on the heat transport and stability of tidally locked terrestrial-type atmospheres are reported. First, the problem is modeled with an idealized 3D general circulation model (GCM) with gray gas radiative transfer. It is shown that over a wide range of parameters the atmospheric boundary layer, rather than the large-scale circulation, is the key to understanding the planetary energy balance. Through a scaling analysis of the interhemispheric energy transfer, theoretical expressions for the day-night temperature difference and surface wind speed are created that reproduce the GCM results without tuning. Next, the GCM is used with correlated-k radiative transfer to study heat transport for two real gases (CO2 and CO). For CO2, empirical formulae for the collapse pressure as a function of planetary mass and stellar flux are produced, and critical pressures for atmospher...

Wordsworth, Robin

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

The effects of the Tidal Force on Shear Instabilities in the Dust Layer of the Solar Nebula  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The linear analysis of the instability due to vertical shear in the dust layer of the solar nebula is performed. The following assumptions are adopted throughout this paper: (1) The self-gravity of the dust layer is neglected. (2) One fluid model is adopted, where the dust aggregates have the same velocity with the gas due to strong coupling by the drag force. (3) The gas is incompressible. The calculations with both the Coriolis and the tidal forces show that the tidal force has a stabilizing effect. The tidal force causes the radial shear in the disk. This radial shear changes the wave number of the mode which is at first unstable, and the mode is eventually stabilized. Thus the behavior of the mode is divided into two stages: (1) the first growth of the unstable mode which is similar to the results without the tidal force, and (2) the subsequent stabilization due to an increase of the wave number by the radial shear. If the midplane dust/gas density ratio is smaller than 2, the stabilization occurs before the unstable mode grows largely. On the other hand, the mode grows faster by one hundred orders of magnitude, if this ratio is larger than 20. Because the critical density of the gravitational instability is a few hundreds times as large as the gas density, the hydrodynamic instability investigated in this paper grows largely before the onset of the gravitational instability. It is expected that the hydrodynamic instability develops turbulence in the dust layer and the dust aggregates are stirred up to prevent from settling further. The formation of planetesimals through the gravitational instabilities is difficult to occur as long as the dust/gas surface density ratio is equal to that for the solar abundance.

Naoki Ishitsu; Minoru Sekiya

2003-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

114

Performance and Optimization of Network Building Evacuation Models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Performance and Optimization of Network Building Evacuation Models Andrea Weiss, Dr. Jim Mac/G/C/C queues, a simulation program was used to model two buildings on the Umass Amherst campus: Machmer Hall expedient paths are taken. Research Objectives · Create a realistic model of buildings with large

Mountziaris, T. J.

115

Impact of flood defences and sea-level rise on the European Shelf tidal regime  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The tidal response of the European Shelf to moderate ( < 1 m ) levels of sea level rise is investigated using a high resolution, well established tidal model. The model is validated for present day conditions and the tidal response to sea level rise by comparing the modelled response to long term tide gauge data. The effects of coastal defence schemes are tested, with three levels of present day coastal defences simulated. Full walls are added at the present day coastline, no coast defence schemes are used and a set of present day coastal defence schemes is simulated. The simulations show that there is a significant tidal response to moderate levels of SLR and that the response is strongly dependant on level of coastal defence simulated. The simulation using coastal defence data resulted in the strongest response as the tide was able to build up behind the coastal defence walls and create a patchwork of sea and land at the coastline. This had a strong impact on the spatial tidal energy dissipation field and in turn this has large effects on the tidal regime throughout the domain.

Holly E. Pelling; J.A. Mattias Green

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

CDA6530: Performance Models of Computers and Networks Chapter 4: Using Matlab for Performance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CDA6530: Performance Models of Computers and Networks Chapter 4: Using Matlab for Performance Interpreted language, easy to learn Use it to facilitate our simulation projects A good tool to plot .eps for Latex #12;3 Introduction MatLab : Matrix Laboratory Numerical Computations with matrices

Zou, Cliff C.

117

Models Used to Assess the Performance of Photovoltaic Systems  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This report documents the various photovoltaic (PV) performance models and software developed and utilized by researchers at Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) in support of the Photovoltaics and Grid Integration Department. In addition to PV performance models, hybrid system and battery storage models are discussed. A hybrid system using other distributed sources and energy storage can help reduce the variability inherent in PV generation, and due to the complexity of combining multiple generation sources and system loads, these models are invaluable for system design and optimization.

118

Terahertz imaging system performance model for concealed-weapon identification  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The U.S. Army Night Vision and Electronic Sensors Directorate (NVESD) and the U.S. Army Research Laboratory have developed a terahertz (THz) -band imaging system performance model...

Murrill, Steven R; Jacobs, Eddie L; Moyer, Steven K; Halford, Carl E; Griffin, Steven T; De Lucia, Frank C; Petkie, Douglas T; Franck, Charmaine C

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Models used to assess the performance of photovoltaic systems.  

SciTech Connect

This report documents the various photovoltaic (PV) performance models and software developed and utilized by researchers at Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) in support of the Photovoltaics and Grid Integration Department. In addition to PV performance models, hybrid system and battery storage models are discussed. A hybrid system using other distributed sources and energy storage can help reduce the variability inherent in PV generation, and due to the complexity of combining multiple generation sources and system loads, these models are invaluable for system design and optimization. Energy storage plays an important role in reducing PV intermittency and battery storage models are used to understand the best configurations and technologies to store PV generated electricity. Other researcher's models used by SNL are discussed including some widely known models that incorporate algorithms developed at SNL. There are other models included in the discussion that are not used by or were not adopted from SNL research but may provide some benefit to researchers working on PV array performance, hybrid system models and energy storage. The paper is organized into three sections to describe the different software models as applied to photovoltaic performance, hybrid systems, and battery storage. For each model, there is a description which includes where to find the model, whether it is currently maintained and any references that may be available. Modeling improvements underway at SNL include quantifying the uncertainty of individual system components, the overall uncertainty in modeled vs. measured results and modeling large PV systems. SNL is also conducting research into the overall reliability of PV systems.

Stein, Joshua S.; Klise, Geoffrey T.

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Execution-Less Performance Modeling Roman Iakymchuk and Paolo Bientinesi  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Execution-Less Performance Modeling Roman Iakymchuk and Paolo Bientinesi AICES, RWTH Aachen occurring in higher- level algorithms--like a matrix factorization--is then pre- dicted by combining a priori; the prediction of performance therefore reduces to the pre- diction of Execution time. Our

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "modeling performance tidal" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Modeling the Performance and Energy of Storage Arrays  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, it is desirable that techniques provide their energy savings while minimizing their impact on performance. DespiteModeling the Performance and Energy of Storage Arrays Sankaran Sivathanu Georgia Institute techniques for power optimization in storage. Given an ar- bitrary trace of disk requests, we split

Liu, Ling

122

Agriculture model development to improve performance of the Community Land  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Agriculture model development to improve performance of the Community Land Agriculture model development to improve performance of the Community Land Model April 3, 2013 The important relationships between climate change and agriculture are uncertain, particularly the feedbacks related to the carbon cycle. Nevertheless, vegetation models have not yet considered the full impacts of management practices and nitrogen feedbacks on the carbon cycle. We are working to meet this need. We have integrated three crop types (corn, soybean, and spring wheat) into the Community Land Model (CLM). In developing the agriculture version of CLM, we added plant processes related to management practices and nitrogen cycling. A manuscript documenting our changes to CLM has been accepted for publication in Geoscientific Model Development Discussions ("Modeling

123

A large-eddy simulation study of wake propagation and power production in an array of tidal-current turbines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...consecutive rows of turbines in the simulated...allows the greatest efficiency using the least...the next upstream turbines, an efficiency increase of about...performance and efficiency of a tidal turbine array. Table 1...

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

12th Annual Wave & Tidal 2015  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The UK is currently the undisputed global leader in marine energy, with more wave and tidal stream devices installed than the rest of the world combined. This leading position is built on an...

125

Fourier and autocorrelation analysis of estuarine tidal rhythmites, lower Breathitt Formation (Pennsylvania), eastern Kentucky, USA  

SciTech Connect

Outcrops of the Pennsylvanian Breathitt Formation in eastern Kentucky reveal a rhythmic pattern of siliciclastic sedimentation in a marginal marine coastal setting. A 15-23 m thick stratigraphic interval of thinly interbedded, fine sandstone and shale displays tidally generated features such as flaser and wavy current ripple bedding, bipolar paleocurrents, and cyclic thickening and thinning of mud-draped sandstone layers. A statistical analysis of sand layer thickness was carried out using shale partings as bounding surfaces for the individual sand units. Fourier and autocorrelation analyses were performed on two vertical sequences containing a total of over 2,100 layers. The results reveal the presence of four cycles of thickness variation. First-order cycles consist of alternating thick-thin sand layers. These daily couplets may reflect unequal flood and ebb currents during a single tidal cycle or dominant and subordinate tidal deposits in an ebb or flood dominated semidiurnal or mixed system. Second-order cycles typically consist of 11-14 sand layers and reflect spring-neap variations in tidal range and current velocities. Third-order cycles are usually composed of 24-35 layers and are formed in response to monthly variations in tidal range resulting from the ellipticity of the moon's orbit. Fourth-order cycles generally contain about 150 layers (range, 100-166) and were caused by seasonal maxima in tidal range associated with the solstice (winter, summer) and seasonal minima associated with the equinox (spring, fall).

Martino, R.L.; Sanderson, D.D. (Marshall Univ., Huntington, WV (United States))

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Tidal Love Numbers of Neutron Stars  

SciTech Connect

For a variety of fully relativistic polytropic neutron star models we calculate the star's tidal Love number k{sub 2}. Most realistic equations of state for neutron stars can be approximated as a polytrope with an effective index n {approx} 0.5-1.0. The equilibrium stellar model is obtained by numerical integration of the Tolman-Oppenheimer-Volkhov equations. We calculate the linear l = 2 static perturbations to the Schwarzschild spacetime following the method of Thorne and Campolattaro. Combining the perturbed Einstein equations into a single second-order differential equation for the perturbation to the metric coefficient g{sub tt} and matching the exterior solution to the asymptotic expansion of the metric in the star's local asymptotic rest frame gives the Love number. Our results agree well with the Newtonian results in the weak field limit. The fully relativistic values differ from the Newtonian values by up to {approx}24%. The Love number is potentially measurable in gravitational wave signals from inspiralling binary neutron stars.

Hinderer, Tanja [Center for Radiophysics and Space Research, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853 (United States)], E-mail: tph25@cornell.edu

2008-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

127

Half Moon Cove Tidal Project. Feasibility report  

SciTech Connect

The proposed Half Moon Cove Tidal Power Project would be located in a small cove in the northern part of Cobscook Bay in the vicinity of Eastport, Maine. The project would be the first tidal electric power generating plant in the United States of America. The basin impounded by the barrier when full will approximate 1.2 square miles. The average tidal range at Eastport is 18.2 feet. The maximum spring tidal range will be 26.2 feet and the neap tidal range 12.8 feet. The project will be of the single pool-type single effect in which generation takes place on the ebb tide only. Utilizing an average mean tidal range of 18.2 feet the mode of operation enables generation for approximately ten and one-half (10-1/2) hours per day or slightly in excess of five (5) hours per tide. The installed capacity will be 12 MW utilizing 2 to 6 MW units. An axial flow, or Bulb type of turbine was selected for this study.

Not Available

1980-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Comparison of Predictive Models for Photovoltaic Module Performance: Preprint  

SciTech Connect

This paper examines three models used to estimate the performance of photovoltaic (PV) modules when the irradiances and PV cell temperatures are known. The results presented here were obtained by comparing modeled and measured maximum power (Pm) for PV modules that rely on different technologies.

Marion, B.

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

"Performance and Optimization of Building Evacuation Models" Andrea Weiss  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

"Performance and Optimization of Building Evacuation Models" Andrea Weiss Faculty Mentor: Dr. James in ensuring safety of individuals inside a building. In order to determine the most efficient paths, models that can be made when representing a building. By breaking the rooms and hallways into smaller sections

Mountziaris, T. J.

130

Tidal Stream Power Web GIS Tool | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Tidal Stream Power Web GIS Tool Tidal Stream Power Web GIS Tool Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Tidal Stream Power Web GIS Tool Agency/Company /Organization: Georgia Tech Savannah Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy Resource Type: Software/modeling tools User Interface: Website Website: www.tidalstreampower.gatech.edu/ Country: United States Web Application Link: www.tidalstreampower.gatech.edu/ Cost: Free UN Region: Northern America Coordinates: 32.167482°, -81.212405° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":32.167482,"lon":-81.212405,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

131

Human performance modeling for system of systems analytics.  

SciTech Connect

A Laboratory-Directed Research and Development project was initiated in 2005 to investigate Human Performance Modeling in a System of Systems analytic environment. SAND2006-6569 and SAND2006-7911 document interim results from this effort; this report documents the final results. The problem is difficult because of the number of humans involved in a System of Systems environment and the generally poorly defined nature of the tasks that each human must perform. A two-pronged strategy was followed: one prong was to develop human models using a probability-based method similar to that first developed for relatively well-understood probability based performance modeling; another prong was to investigate more state-of-art human cognition models. The probability-based modeling resulted in a comprehensive addition of human-modeling capability to the existing SoSAT computer program. The cognitive modeling resulted in an increased understanding of what is necessary to incorporate cognition-based models to a System of Systems analytic environment.

Dixon, Kevin R.; Lawton, Craig R.; Basilico, Justin Derrick; Longsine, Dennis E. (INTERA, Inc., Austin, TX); Forsythe, James Chris; Gauthier, John Henry; Le, Hai D.

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Human performance modeling for system of systems analytics :soldier fatigue.  

SciTech Connect

The military has identified Human Performance Modeling (HPM) as a significant requirement and challenge of future systems modeling and analysis initiatives as can be seen in the Department of Defense's (DoD) Defense Modeling and Simulation Office's (DMSO) Master Plan (DoD 5000.59-P 1995). To this goal, the military is currently spending millions of dollars on programs devoted to HPM in various military contexts. Examples include the Human Performance Modeling Integration (HPMI) program within the Air Force Research Laboratory, which focuses on integrating HPMs with constructive models of systems (e.g. cockpit simulations) and the Navy's Human Performance Center (HPC) established in September 2003. Nearly all of these initiatives focus on the interface between humans and a single system. This is insufficient in the era of highly complex network centric SoS. This report presents research and development in the area of HPM in a system-of-systems (SoS). Specifically, this report addresses modeling soldier fatigue and the potential impacts soldier fatigue can have on SoS performance.

Lawton, Craig R.; Campbell, James E.; Miller, Dwight Peter

2005-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

Large-Eddy Simulation Study of Wake Propagation and Power Production in an Array of Tidal-Current Turbines: Preprint  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents our initial work in performing large-eddy simulations of tidal turbine array flows. First, a horizontally-periodic precursor simulation is performed to create turbulent flow data. Then that data is used to determine the inflow into a tidal turbine array two rows deep and infinitely wide. The turbines are modeled using rotating actuator lines, and the finite-volume method is used to solve the governing equations. In studying the wakes created by the turbines, we observed that the vertical shear of the inflow combined with wake rotation causes lateral wake asymmetry. Also, various turbine configurations are simulated, and the total power production relative to isolated turbines is examined. Staggering consecutive rows of turbines in the simulated configurations allows the greatest efficiency using the least downstream row spacing. Counter-rotating consecutive downstream turbines in a non-staggered array shows a small benefit. This work has identified areas for improvement, such as the use of a larger precursor domain to better capture elongated turbulent structures, the inclusion of salinity and temperature equations to account for density stratification and its effect on turbulence, improved wall shear stress modeling, and the examination of more array configurations.

Churchfield, M. J.; Li, Y.; Moriarty, P. J.

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Large-Eddy Simulation Study of Wake Propagation and Power Production in an Array of Tidal-Current Turbines: Preprint  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents our initial work in performing large-eddy simulations of tidal turbine array flows. First, a horizontally-periodic precursor simulation is performed to create turbulent flow data. Then that data is used as inflow into a tidal turbine array two rows deep and infinitely wide. The turbines are modeled using rotating actuator lines, and the finite-volume method is used to solve the governing equations. In studying the wakes created by the turbines, we observed that the vertical shear of the inflow combined with wake rotation causes lateral wake asymmetry. Also, various turbine configurations are simulated, and the total power production relative to isolated turbines is examined. Staggering consecutive rows of turbines in the simulated configurations allows the greatest efficiency using the least downstream row spacing. Counter-rotating consecutive downstream turbines in a non-staggered array shows a small benefit. This work has identified areas for improvement, such as the use of a larger precursor domain to better capture elongated turbulent structures, the inclusion of salinity and temperature equations to account for density stratification and its effect on turbulence, improved wall shear stress modelling, and the examination of more array configurations.

Churchfield, M. J.; Li, Y.; Moriarty, P. J.

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Performance Modeling for Exascale Autotuning: An Integrated Approach |  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Performance Modeling for Exascale Autotuning: An Integrated Approach Performance Modeling for Exascale Autotuning: An Integrated Approach Title Performance Modeling for Exascale Autotuning: An Integrated Approach Publication Type Miscellaneous Year of Publication 2013 Authors Balaprakash, P, Wild, SM, Hovland, PD Other Numbers ANL/MCS-P5000-0813 Abstract The usual suspects - shrinking integrated circuit feature sizes, heterogeneous nodes with many-core processors, deep memory hierarchies, an ever-present power wall, energy efficiency demands, and resiliency concerns - make exascale application and system co-design a daunting, complex task. Providing effective model-driven prediction and optimization capabilities at runtime and a software stack that includes model-informed autotuning are key to mitigating this complexity. We define autotuning for application-system co-design as a systematic process of navigating the space defined by other software and hardware parameters that affect the performance metrics of the application and the system. Autotuning should orchestrate hardware and software-provided knobs to reduce execution time, power draw, energy consumption, and other constituent features, such as memory footprints. Current autotuning approaches, however, are unlikely to be successful for application-system co-design at exascale: the number of parameters exposed at the hardware and software levels will be large, drastically increasing the decision space; rigorous approaches to optimizing multiple conflicting objectives simultaneously are absent; and there is a lack of multiple-metric performance models. Significant research is required to develop an integrated modeling, machine learning, and search approach in order to provide model-driven prediction and optimization capabilities at runtime.

136

Unified Performance and Power Modeling of Scientific Workloads  

SciTech Connect

It is expected that scientific applications executing on future large-scale HPC must be optimized not only in terms of performance, but also in terms of power consumption. As power and energy become increasingly constrained resources, researchers and developers must have access to tools that will allow for accurate prediction of both performance and power consumption. Reasoning about performance and power consumption in concert will be critical for achieving maximum utilization of limited resources on future HPC systems. To this end, we present a unified performance and power model for the Nek-Bone mini-application developed as part of the DOE's CESAR Exascale Co-Design Center. Our models consider the impact of computation, point-to-point communication, and collective communication

Song, Shuaiwen; Barker, Kevin J.; Kerbyson, Darren J.

2013-11-17T23:59:59.000Z

137

PORFLOW Modeling Supporting The H-Tank Farm Performance Assessment  

SciTech Connect

Numerical simulations of groundwater flow and contaminant transport in the vadose and saturated zones have been conducted using the PORFLOW code in support of an overall Performance Assessment (PA) of the H-Tank Farm. This report provides technical detail on selected aspects of PORFLOW model development and describes the structure of the associated electronic files. The PORFLOW models for the H-Tank Farm PA, Rev. 1 were updated with grout, solubility, and inventory changes. The aquifer model was refined. In addition, a set of flow sensitivity runs were performed to allow flow to be varied in the related probabilistic GoldSim models. The final PORFLOW concentration values are used as input into a GoldSim dose calculator.

Jordan, J. M.; Flach, G. P.; Westbrook, M. L.

2012-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

138

Personal Computer-Based Model for Cool Storage Performance Simulation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PERSONAL COMPUTER-BASED MODEL FOR COOL STORAGE PERFORMANCE SIMULATION Leszek M. Kasprowicz, Jerold W. Jones, and James Hitzfelder The University of Texas at Austin ust tin, ABSTRACT A personal computer based hourly simulation model... can be achieved by applying cool storage systems which use stored energy for air-conditioning purposes during peak periods. Customers benefit from cool storage in two ways. First, demand charges are reduced since customers with sufficient thermal...

Kasprowicz, L. M.; Jones, J. W.; Hitzfelder, J.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Hydrodynamic impact of a tidal barrage in the Severn Estuary, UK  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Severn Estuary has a spring tidal range approaching 14 m, which is among the highest tides in the world. Various proposals have been made regarding the construction of a tidal barrage across the estuary to enable tidal energy to be generated. The aim of the current study is to investigate the impact of constructing a tidal barrage on the hydrodynamic processes in the Severn Estuary using a numerical model. A two-dimensional hydrodynamic model based on an unstructured triangular mesh has been used in this study. The model employs a TVD finite volume method to solve the 2D shallow water equations, with the numerical scheme being second-order accurate in both time and space. The model has been calibrated by comparing model predictions with observed tidal levels and currents at different sites, for typical spring and neap tides, and it has also been verified using tidal level time series at four tide gauging stations measured in 2003. In order to predict the hydrodynamic processes with a barrage, the model domain was divided into two subdomains: one each side of the barrage. Details were given of the method used for representing the various hydraulic structures, including the sluices and turbines, along the proposed Cardiff-Weston barrage. The impact of constructing the barrage on the water levels and velocities was then investigated using this model. Model-predicted hydrodynamic parameters, without and with the barrage, were analysed in detail. Model predictions indicated that with the barrage the mean power output could reach 2.0 GW with up to 25 GWh units of electricity being generated over a typical mean spring tidal cycle. At some cross-sections, the maximum discharges were predicted to decrease by 30–50%, as compared with the corresponding discharges predicted without the barrage. The model also predicted that with the barrage, the maximum water levels upstream of the barrage would decrease by 0.5–1.5 m, and with the peak tidal currents also being reduced considerably. For different operating modes, complex velocity fields were predicted to occur in the vicinity of the barrage.

Junqiang Xia; Roger A. Falconer; Binliang Lin

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Tidal Energy Limited | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Tidal Energy Limited (TEL) Tidal Energy Limited (TEL) Place Cardiff, Wales, United Kingdom Zip CF23 8RS Product Tidal stream device developer. Coordinates 51.48125°, -3.180734° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":51.48125,"lon":-3.180734,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "modeling performance tidal" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Tidal Energy Test Platform | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Test Platform Test Platform Jump to: navigation, search Basic Specifications Facility Name Tidal Energy Test Platform Overseeing Organization University of New Hampshire Hydrodynamics Hydrodynamic Testing Facility Type Offshore Berth Water Type Saltwater Cost(per day) Contact POC Special Physical Features The Tidal Testing Platform is presently a 10.7m long x 3m wide pontoon barge with a derrick and an opening for deploying tidal energy devices. The platform is intentionally configured to be adaptive for the changing needs of different devices. Towing Capabilities Towing Capabilities None Wavemaking Capabilities Wavemaking Capabilities None Channel/Tunnel/Flume Channel/Tunnel/Flume None Wind Capabilities Wind Capabilities None Control and Data Acquisition Cameras None

142

Tidal Sails AS | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sails AS Sails AS Jump to: navigation, search Name Tidal Sails AS Address Standgaten 130 Place Haugesund Zip 5531 Sector Marine and Hydrokinetic Phone number +32 474 98 06 16 Website http://www.tidalsails.com Region Norway LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This company is listed in the Marine and Hydrokinetic Technology Database. This company is involved in the following MHK Technologies: Tidal Sails This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Tidal_Sails_AS&oldid=678479" Categories: Clean Energy Organizations Companies Organizations Stubs MHK Companies What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version Permanent link Browse properties

143

Tidal Dissipation in Rotating Giant Planets  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Many extrasolar planets orbit sufficiently close to their host stars that significant tidal interactions can be expected, resulting in an evolution of the spin and orbital properties of the planets. The accompanying dissipation of energy can also be an important source of heat, leading to the inflation of short-period planets and even mass loss through Roche lobe overflow. Tides may therefore play an important role in determining the observed distributions of mass, orbital period, and eccentricity of the extrasolar planets. In addition, tidal interactions between gaseous giant planets in the solar system and their moons are thought to be responsible for the orbital migration of the satellites, leading to their capture into resonant configurations. Traditionally, the efficiency of tidal dissipation is simply parameterized by a quality factor Q, which depends, in principle, in an unknown way on the frequency and amplitude of the tidal forcing. In this paper we treat the underlying fluid dynamical problem with the aim of determining the efficiency of tidal dissipation in gaseous giant planets such as Jupiter, Saturn, or the short-period extrasolar planets. Efficient convection enforces a nearly adiabatic stratification in these bodies, which may or may not contain solid cores. With some modifications, our approach can also be applied to low-mass stars with extended convective envelopes. In cases of interest, the tidal forcing frequencies are typically comparable to the spin frequency of the planet but are small compared to its dynamical frequency. We therefore study the linearized response of a slowly and possibly differentially rotating planet to low-frequency tidal forcing. Convective regions of the planet support inertial waves, which possess a dense or continuous frequency spectrum in the absence of viscosity, while any radiative regions support generalized Hough waves. We formulate the relevant equations for studying the excitation of these disturbances and present a set of illustrative numerical calculations of the tidal dissipation rate. We argue that inertial waves provide a natural avenue for efficient tidal dissipation in most cases of interest. In the presence of a solid core, the excited disturbance tends to be localized on a web of rays rather than resembling a smooth eigenfunction. The resulting value of Q depends, in principle, in a highly erratic way on the forcing frequency, but we provide analytical and numerical evidence that the frequency-averaged dissipation rate may be asymptotically independent of the viscosity in the limit of small Ekman number. For a smaller viscosity, the tidal disturbance has a finer spatial structure and individual resonances are more pronounced. In short-period extrasolar planets, tidal dissipation via inertial waves becomes somewhat less efficient once they are spun down to a synchronous state. However, if the stellar irradiation of the planet leads to the formation of a radiative outer layer that supports generalized Hough modes, the tidal dissipation rate can be enhanced, albeit with significant uncertainty, through the excitation and damping of these waves. The dissipative mechanisms that we describe offer a promising explanation of the historical evolution and current state of the Galilean satellites, as well as the observed circularization of the orbits of short-period extrasolar planets.

G. I. Ogilvie; D. N. C. Lin

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

TIDAL TURBULENCE SPECTRA FROM A COMPLIANT MOORING  

SciTech Connect

A compliant mooring to collect high frequency turbulence data at a tidal energy site is evaluated in a series of short demon- stration deployments. The Tidal Turbulence Mooring (TTM) improves upon recent bottom-mounted approaches by suspend- ing Acoustic Doppler Velocimeters (ADVs) at mid-water depths (which are more relevant to tidal turbines). The ADV turbulence data are superior to Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler (ADCP) data, but are subject to motion contamination when suspended on a mooring in strong currents. In this demonstration, passive stabilization is shown to be sufficient for acquiring bulk statistics of the turbulence, without motion correction. With motion cor- rection (post-processing), data quality is further improved; the relative merits of direct and spectral motion correction are dis- cussed.

Thomson, Jim; Kilcher, Levi; Richmond, Marshall C.; Talbert, Joe; deKlerk, Alex; Polagye, Brian; Guerra, Maricarmen; Cienfuegos, Rodrigo

2013-06-13T23:59:59.000Z

145

PERFORMANCE MODEL FOR MULTIBLADED WATER-PUMPING WIND-MILLS  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

ABSTRACT The steady and the dynamic equilibrium of a multibladed water-pumping wind-mill has been studied under the assumption of a simple model. Good agreement has been found between theoretical and experimental results. KEYWORDS Wind energy; water-pumping wind-mills; wind-mill design; wind-mill test; performance optimization.

R. Pallabazzer

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

Cost and Performance Assumptions for Modeling Electricity Generation Technologies  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cost and Performance Cost and Performance Assumptions for Modeling Electricity Generation Technologies Rick Tidball, Joel Bluestein, Nick Rodriguez, and Stu Knoke ICF International Fairfax, Virginia Subcontract Report NREL/SR-6A20-48595 November 2010 NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy, operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC. National Renewable Energy Laboratory 1617 Cole Boulevard Golden, Colorado 80401 303-275-3000 * www.nrel.gov Contract No. DE-AC36-08GO28308 Cost and Performance Assumptions for Modeling Electricity Generation Technologies Rick Tidball, Joel Bluestein, Nick Rodriguez, and Stu Knoke ICF International Fairfax, Virginia NREL Technical Monitor: Jordan Macknick

147

24 More Years of Numerical Weather Prediction: A Model Performance Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

24 More Years of Numerical Weather Prediction: A Model Performance Model Gerard Cats May 26, 2008 Abstract For two formulations of currently usual numerical weather prediction models the evolution in such a model is much 1 #12;24 More Years of Numerical Weather Prediction Gerard Cats higher than in a sis

Stoffelen, Ad

148

Reference Manual for the System Advisor Model's Wind Power Performance Model  

SciTech Connect

This manual describes the National Renewable Energy Laboratory's System Advisor Model (SAM) wind power performance model. The model calculates the hourly electrical output of a single wind turbine or of a wind farm. The wind power performance model requires information about the wind resource, wind turbine specifications, wind farm layout (if applicable), and costs. In SAM, the performance model can be coupled to one of the financial models to calculate economic metrics for residential, commercial, or utility-scale wind projects. This manual describes the algorithms used by the wind power performance model, which is available in the SAM user interface and as part of the SAM Simulation Core (SSC) library, and is intended to supplement the user documentation that comes with the software.

Freeman, J.; Jorgenson, J.; Gilman, P.; Ferguson, T.

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Incoherent internal tidal currents in the deep ocean  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

‘Eleven months’ current meter observations from the deep Bay of Biscay were examined for the residual (incoherent internal tidal; icIT) signal, left after harmonic analysis using eight tidal constituents (larg...

Hans van Haren

2004-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Energy storage inherent in large tidal turbine farms  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Research articles 1006 154 139 140 Energy storage inherent in large tidal turbine...in channels have short-term energy storage. This storage lies in the inertia...channels. inertia|renewable energy|storage|tidal|current|power| 1...

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Assessment of Energy Production Potential from Tidal Streams...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

this report created a national database of tidal stream energy potential, as well as a GIS tool usable by industry in order to accelerate the market for tidal energy conversion...

152

Maintenance personnel performance simulation (MAPPS) model: overview and evaluation efforts  

SciTech Connect

The development of the MAPPS model has been completed and the model is currently undergoing evaluation. These efforts are addressing a number of identified issues concerning practicality, acceptability, usefulness, and validity. Preliminary analysis of the evaluation data that has been collected indicates that MAPPS will provide comprehensive and reliable data for PRA purposes and for a number of other applications. The MAPPS computer simulation model provides the user with a sophisticated tool for gaining insights into tasks performed by NPP maintenance personnel. Its wide variety of input parameters and output data makes it extremely flexible for application to a number of diverse applications. With the demonstration of favorable model evaluation results, the MAPPS model will represent a valuable source of NPP maintainer reliability data and provide PRA studies with a source of data on maintainers that has previously not existed.

Knee, H.E.; Haas, P.M.; Siegel, A.I.; Bartter, W.D.; Wolf, J.J.; Ryan, T.G.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

A New Model to Simulate Energy Performance of VRF Systems  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents a new model to simulate energy performance of variable refrigerant flow (VRF) systems in heat pump operation mode (either cooling or heating is provided but not simultaneously). The main improvement of the new model is the introduction of the evaporating and condensing temperature in the indoor and outdoor unit capacity modifier functions. The independent variables in the capacity modifier functions of the existing VRF model in EnergyPlus are mainly room wet-bulb temperature and outdoor dry-bulb temperature in cooling mode and room dry-bulb temperature and outdoor wet-bulb temperature in heating mode. The new approach allows compliance with different specifications of each indoor unit so that the modeling accuracy is improved. The new VRF model was implemented in a custom version of EnergyPlus 7.2. This paper first describes the algorithm for the new VRF model, which is then used to simulate the energy performance of a VRF system in a Prototype House in California that complies with the requirements of Title 24 ? the California Building Energy Efficiency Standards. The VRF system performance is then compared with three other types of HVAC systems: the Title 24-2005 Baseline system, the traditional High Efficiency system, and the EnergyStar Heat Pump system in three typical California climates: Sunnyvale, Pasadena and Fresno. Calculated energy savings from the VRF systems are significant. The HVAC site energy savings range from 51 to 85percent, while the TDV (Time Dependent Valuation) energy savings range from 31 to 66percent compared to the Title 24 Baseline Systems across the three climates. The largest energy savings are in Fresno climate followed by Sunnyvale and Pasadena. The paper discusses various characteristics of the VRF systems contributing to the energy savings. It should be noted that these savings are calculated using the Title 24 prototype House D under standard operating conditions. Actual performance of the VRF systems for real houses under real operating conditions will vary.

Hong, Tianzhen; Pang, Xiufeng; Schetrit, Oren; Wang, Liping; Kasahara, Shinichi; Yura, Yoshinori; Hinokuma, Ryohei

2014-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

154

Estimation of annual energy output from a tidal barrage using two different methods  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In recent years, there have been growing international challenges relating to climate change and global warming, with a conflict developing between the need to create a low-carbon economy and rapid depleting reserves of fossil fuels. In addition to these challenges there continues to be the added complexity of a significant global increase in energy demand. Marine renewable energy from tidal barrages is carbon-free and has the potential to make a significant contribution to energy supplies now and in the future. Therefore, it is appropriate to evaluate the total energy that can be extracted from such barrages. In this study two different methods are proposed to estimate the total annual energy output from a barrage, including a theoretical estimation based on the principle associated with tidal hydrodynamics, and a numerical estimation based on the solutions obtained from a 2D hydrodynamic model. The proposed Severn Barrage in the UK was taken as a case study, and these two methods were applied to estimate the potential annual energy output from the barrage. The predicted results obtained using the two methods indicate that the magnitude of the annual energy output would range from 13 to 16 TWh, which is similar to the value of 15.6 TWh reported by the Department of Energy and Climate Change, in the UK. Further investigations show that the total annual energy output would increase by about 15% if a higher discharge coefficient were to be adopted for the sluice gates, or if the turbine performance were to be improved. However, the estimated annual energy output could exceed the value of 16 TWh if future technological advances in both sluice gate construction and turbine performance are included.

Junqiang Xia; Roger A. Falconer; Binliang Lin; Guangming Tan

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Surface and internal semidiurnal tides and tidally induced diapycnal diffusion in the Barents Sea: a numerical study  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The simulation results for the surface and internal semidiurnal tides in the Barents Sea are presented. A modified version of the finite-element hydrostatic model QUODDY-4 is taken as a basis. The simulated surface tide agrees in a qualitative sense with the results obtained previously by other authors, but quantitative discrepancies are significant. The predicted internal tide belongs to the family of trapped waves. Their generation sites are located in regions of frequent internal tidal wave (ITW) detection by remote sensing. Here, the maximum baroclinic tidal velocities have a clear expressed mode-one (corresponding to the first baroclinic mode) vertical structure. This is also true for the averaged (over a tidal cycle) local density of baroclinic tidal energy. For the no-ice case, the averaged (over a tidal cycle) local rate of baroclinic tidal energy dissipation is enhanced as the bottom is approached. A comparison of the predicted tidally induced values of the depth-averaged diapycnal diffusivity with typical estimates of the combined vertical eddy diffusivity in oceans of mid- and lower latitudes, determined by the wind and thermohaline forcings, indicates that they either have the same order of magnitude or these values are larger than the latter. It follows that the contribution of tides is not negligible for the Barents Sea climate.

B.A. Kagan; E.V. Sofina

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Radionuclide release rates from spent fuel for performance assessment modeling  

SciTech Connect

In a scenario of aqueous transport from a high-level radioactive waste repository, the concentration of radionuclides in water in contact with the waste constitutes the source term for transport models, and as such represents a fundamental component of all performance assessment models. Many laboratory experiments have been done to characterize release rates and understand processes influencing radionuclide release rates from irradiated nuclear fuel. Natural analogues of these waste forms have been studied to obtain information regarding the long-term stability of potential waste forms in complex natural systems. This information from diverse sources must be brought together to develop and defend methods used to define source terms for performance assessment models. In this manuscript examples of measures of radionuclide release rates from spent nuclear fuel or analogues of nuclear fuel are presented. Each example represents a very different approach to obtaining a numerical measure and each has its limitations. There is no way to obtain an unambiguous measure of this or any parameter used in performance assessment codes for evaluating the effects of processes operative over many millennia. The examples are intended to suggest by example that in the absence of the ability to evaluate accuracy and precision, consistency of a broadly based set of data can be used as circumstantial evidence to defend the choice of parameters used in performance assessments.

Curtis, D.B.

1994-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

TIDAL FRESHWATER WETLANDS OF THE MID-ATLANTIC AND  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Chapter 14 TIDAL FRESHWATER WETLANDS OF THE MID-ATLANTIC AND SOUTHEASTERN UNITED STATES James E Publishers, Weikersheim, 2009 Tidal Freshwater Wetlands, edited by Aat Barendregt in the book ,,Tidal Freshwater Wetlands". The copy attached is provided by Margraf Publishers Gmb

Newman, Michael C.

158

Tidal Computations for Morecambe Bay  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Numerical model for storm surges in Galveston Bay, Proc. Am. S. Civil Eng...computation of two hurricane surges in Galveston Bay, Texas. Sielecki & Wurtele (1970...Numerical model for storm surges in Galveston Bay, Proc. Am. S. Civil Eng......

R. A. Flather; N. S. Heaps

1975-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

The importance of tidal creek ecosystems Keywords: Estuary; Tidal creek; Pollution  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

systems such as the rocky intertidal of the northeast United States and eastern Canada, the open beaches rarely exceeds 3.0 m at high tide, and some tidal creeks contain broad intertidal sand or mud flats

Mallin, Michael

160

TIDAL DISRUPTION FLARES: THE ACCRETION DISK PHASE  

SciTech Connect

The evolution of an accretion disk, formed as a consequence of the disruption of a star by a black hole, is followed by solving numerically hydrodynamic equations. The present investigation aims to study the dependence of resulting light curves on dynamical and physical properties of such a transient disk during its existence. One of the main results derived from our simulations is that blackbody fits of X-ray data tend to overestimate the true mean disk temperature. In fact, the temperature derived from blackbody fits should be identified with the color X-ray temperature rather than the average value derived from the true temperature distribution along the disk. The time interval between the beginning of the circularization of the bound debris and the beginning of the accretion process by the black hole is determined by the viscous (or accretion) timescale, which also fixes the rising part of the resulting light curve. The luminosity peak coincides with the beginning of matter accretion by the black hole and the late evolution of the light curve depends on the evolution of the debris fallback rate. Peak bolometric luminosities are in the range 10{sup 45}-10{sup 46} erg s{sup -1}, whereas peak luminosities in soft X-rays (0.2-2.0 keV) are typically one order of magnitude lower. The typical timescale derived from our preferred models for the flare luminosity to decay by two orders of magnitude is about 3-4 yr. Predicted soft X-ray light curves reproduce quite well data on galaxies in which a variable X-ray emission possibly related to a tidal event was detected. In the cases of NGC 3599 and IC 3599, data are reproduced well by models defined by a black hole with mass {approx}10{sup 7} M{sub sun} and a disrupted star of about 1 solar mass. The X-ray variation observed in XMMSL1 is consistent with a model defined by a black hole with mass {approx}3 x 10{sup 6} M{sub sun} and a disrupted star of 1 solar mass, while that observed in the galaxy situated in the cluster A1689 is consistent with a model including a black hole of {approx}10{sup 7} M{sub sun} and a disrupted star of {approx}0.5 M{sub sun}.

Montesinos Armijo, Matias; De Freitas Pacheco, Jose A. [Observatoire de la Cote d'Azur, Laboratoire Cassiopee, Universite de Nice Sophia-Antipolis Bd de l'Observatoire, BP 4229, 06304 Nice Cedex 4 (France)

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "modeling performance tidal" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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161

Tidal Generation Ltd | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ltd Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name Tidal Generation Ltd Address University Gate East Park Row Place Bristol, United Kingdom Zip BS1 5UB Sector Marine and Hydrokinetic Product Tidal Generation is developing a 1MW fully submerged tidal turbine to generate electricity from tidal currents in water depths up to 50m. Phone number 4.41E+11 Website http://www.tidalgeneration.co. Coordinates 42.55678°, -88.050449° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":42.55678,"lon":-88.050449,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

162

Tidal energy from the Severn Estuary  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... , a tidal power scheme could possess much of the flexibility of highly versatile, conventional hydroelectric stations, and many types of project have been suggested. To assess in 1974 the ... opt for thermal energy schemes (few are even now able to rely on further conventional hydroelectric sources, and stations which require fossil fuels are unlikely to be favoured in large ...

T. L. Shaw

1974-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

163

2008 NWFSC Tidal Freshwater Genetics Results  

SciTech Connect

Genetic Analysis of Juvenile Chinook Salmon for inclusion in 'Ecology of Juvenile Salmon in Shallow Tidal Freshwater Habitats in the Vicinity of the Sandy River Delta, Lower Columbia River, 2008. Annual Report to Bonneville Power Administration, Contract DE-AC05-76RL01830.'

David Teel

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Relativistic tidal properties of neutron stars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the various linear responses of neutron stars to external relativistic tidal fields. We focus on three different tidal responses, associated to three different tidal coefficients: (i) a gravito-electric-type coefficient G\\mu_\\ell=[length]^{2\\ell+1} measuring the \\ell^{th}-order mass multipolar moment GM_{a_1... a_\\ell} induced in a star by an external \\ell^{th}-order gravito-electric tidal field G_{a_1... a_\\ell}; (ii) a gravito-magnetic-type coefficient G\\sigma_\\ell=[length]^{2\\ell+1} measuring the \\ell^{th} spin multipole moment G S_{a_1... a_\\ell} induced in a star by an external \\ell^{th}-order gravito-magnetic tidal field H_{a_1... a_\\ell}; and (iii) a dimensionless ``shape'' Love number h_\\ell measuring the distortion of the shape of the surface of a star by an external \\ell^{th}-order gravito-electric tidal field. All the dimensionless tidal coefficients G\\mu_\\ell/R^{2\\ell+1}, G\\sigma_\\l/R^{2\\ell+1} and h_\\ell (where R is the radius of the star) are found to have a strong sensitivity to the value of the star's ``compactness'' c\\equiv GM/(c_0^2 R) (where we indicate by c_0 the speed of light). In particular, G\\mu_\\l/R^{2\\l+1}\\sim k_\\ell is found to strongly decrease, as c increases, down to a zero value as c is formally extended to the ``black-hole (BH) limit'' c^{BH}=1/2. The shape Love number h_\\ell is also found to significantly decrease as c increases, though it does not vanish in the formal limit c\\to c^{BH}. The formal vanishing of \\mu_\\ell and \\sigma_\\ell as c\\to c^{BH} is a consequence of the no-hair properties of black holes; this suggests, but in no way proves, that the effective action describing the gravitational interactions of black holes may not need to be augmented by nonminimal worldline couplings.

Thibault Damour; Alessandro Nagar

2009-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

165

Toward a high performance distributed memory climate model  

SciTech Connect

As part of a long range plan to develop a comprehensive climate systems modeling capability, the authors have taken the Atmospheric General Circulation Model originally developed by Arakawa and collaborators at UCLA and have recast it in a portable, parallel form. The code uses an explicit time-advance procedure on a staggered three-dimensional Eulerian mesh. The authors have implemented a two-dimensional latitude/longitude domain decomposition message passing strategy. Both dynamic memory management and interprocessor communication are handled with macro constructs that are preprocessed prior to compilation. The code can be moved about a variety of platforms, including massively parallel processors, workstation clusters, and vector processors, with a mere change of three parameters. Performance on the various platforms as well as issues associated with coupling different models for major components of the climate system are discussed.

Wehner, M.F.; Ambrosiano, J.J.; Brown, J.C.; Dannevik, W.P.; Eltgroth, P.G.; Mirin, A.A. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States); Farrara, J.D.; Ma, C.C.; Mechoso, C.R.; Spahr, J.A. [Univ. of California, Los Angeles, CA (US). Dept. of Atmospheric Sciences

1993-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

166

MHK Technologies/Deep Gen Tidal Turbines | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Deep Gen Tidal Turbines Deep Gen Tidal Turbines < MHK Technologies Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Deep Gen Tidal Turbines.jpg Technology Profile Primary Organization Tidal Generation Ltd Project(s) where this technology is utilized *MHK Projects/Tidal Generation Ltd EMEC Technology Resource Click here Current/Tidal Technology Type Click here Axial Flow Turbine Technology Readiness Level Click here TRL 1-3: Discovery / Concept Definition / Early Stage Development & Design & Engineering Technology Description The DEEP Gen 1 MW fully submerged tidal turbine best exploits resources in depths 30m The horizontal axis turbine is inexpensive to construct and easy to install due to the lightweight 80 tons MW support structure allows rapid removal and replacement of powertrains enabling safe maintenance in a dry environment and is located out of the wave zone for improved survivability

167

Shelf?break tidally induced environmental influences on acoustic propagation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Continuous wave propagation in the 100–500 Hz band in littoral regions depends upon both time?dependent oceanography and bathymetry. The environmental influences interact nonlinearly in the acoustical time variation especially since the diurnal tidesurface height changes creates time?dependent total water depth. A submesoscale hydrodynamic model developed by Shen and Evans is used with tidal forcing and a simple shelf?break bathymetry to produce surface height variation and internal wave activity due to internal tide in a stratified ocean environment. A three?dimensional parabolic equation acoustic model is used to acoustically probe this environment at various bearings relative to the shelf break and the resulting internal tidal dynamics. In particular the acoustical results are examined for three?dimensional effects such as horizontal refraction. First the influence of bathymetry alone is shown and then compared to the full environment due to hydrodynamic action. The relative influences will then be compared by various measures such as modal decomposition acoustic energy summed over depth and signal gain degradation. [This research is sponsored by the ONR.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Impact of different tidal renewable energy projects on the hydrodynamic processes in the Severn Estuary, UK  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Severn Estuary, located in the UK between south east Wales and south west England, is an ideal site for tidal renewable energy projects, since this estuary has the third highest tidal range in the world, with a spring tidal range approaching 14 m. The UK Government recently invited proposals for tidal renewable energy projects from the estuary and many proposals were submitted for consideration. Among the proposals submitted and subsequently shortlisted were: the Cardiff–Weston Barrage, the Fleming Lagoon and the Shoots Barrage, all three of which are nationally public interest. Therefore a two-dimensional finite volume numerical model, based on an unstructured triangular mesh, has been refined to study the hydrodynamic impact and flood inundation extent, post construction, of all three of these proposed tidal power projects. The model-predicted hydrodynamic processes have been analysed in detail, both without and with the structures, including the discharge processes at key sections, the contours of maximum and minimum water levels, the envelope curves of high and low water levels, the maximum tidal currents, the local velocity fields around the structures and the mean power output curves. Simulated results indicate that: (i) although the construction of the Cardiff–Weston Barrage would have an adverse impact on a range of environmental aspects, due to there being approximately a 50% decrease in the peak discharge entering the upstream region, it would reduce the maximum water levels upstream of the barrage by typically 0.3–1.2 m, which could be positive in respect of coastal flooding; (ii) the construction of the Fleming Lagoon would have little influence on the hydrodynamic processes in the Severn Estuary; and (iii) the construction of the Shoots Barrage would decrease the maximum water levels upstream of the M4 bridge by between 0.3 and 1.0 m, but it could lead to an increase in the maximum water levels downstream of the barrage by typically 20–30 cm.

Junqiang Xia; Roger A. Falconer; Binliang Lin

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Multi-point tidal prediction using artificial neural network with tide-generating forces  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Multi-point tidal prediction using artificial neural network with tide-generating forces Hsien Available online 23 June 2006 Abstract This paper presents a neural network model of simulating tides Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. Keywords: Neural networks; Tides; Tide-generating forces; Harmonic

170

Modeling Photovoltaic and Concentrating Solar Power Trough Performance, Cost, and Financing with Solar Advisor Model  

SciTech Connect

A comprehensive solar technology systems analysis model, the Solar Advisor Model (SAM), has been developed to support the federal R&D community and the solar industry by staff at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) and Sandia National Laboratory. This model is able to model the finances, incentives, and performance of flat-plate photovoltaic (PV), concentrating PV, and concentrating solar power (specifically, parabolic troughs). The primary function of the model is to allow users to investigate the impact of variations in performance, cost, and financial parameters to better understand their impact on key figures of merit. Figures of merit related to the cost and performance of these systems include, but aren't limited to, system output, system efficiencies, levelized cost of energy, return on investment, and system capital and O&M costs. SAM allows users to do complex system modeling with an intuitive graphical user interface (GUI). In fact, all tables and graphics for this paper are taken directly from the model GUI. This model has the capability to compare different solar technologies within the same interface, making use of similar cost and finance assumptions. Additionally, the ability to do parametric and sensitivity analysis is central to this model. There are several models within SAM to model the performance of photovoltaic modules and inverters. This paper presents an overview of each PV and inverter model, introduces a new generic model, and briefly discusses the concentrating solar power (CSP) parabolic trough model. A comparison of results using the different PV and inverter models is also presented.

Blair, N.; Mehos, M.; Christensen, C.; Cameron, C.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Chemo-dynamical evolution of tidal dwarf galaxies. II. The long-term evolution and influence of a tidal field  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In a series of papers, we present detailed chemo-dynamical simulations of tidal dwarf galaxies (TDGs). After the first paper, where we focused on the very early evolution, we present in this work simulations on the long-term evolution of TDGs, ranging from their formation to an age of 3 Gyr. Dark-matter free TDGs may constitute a significant component of the dwarf galaxy (DG) population. But it remains to be demonstrated that TDGs can survive their formation phase given stellar feedback processes, the time-variable tidal field of the post-encounter host galaxy and its dark matter halo and ram-pressure wind from the gaseous halo of the host. For robust results the maximally damaging feedback by a fully populated invariant stellar IMF in each star cluster is assumed, such that fractions of massive stars contribute during phases of low star-formation rates. The model galaxies are studied in terms of their star-formation history, chemical enrichment and rotational curves. All models evolve into a self-regulated l...

Ploeckinger, Sylvia; Hensler, Gerhard; Kroupa, Pavel

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

Use of high performance computing resources for underwater acoustic modeling.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The majority of standard underwater propagation models provide a two?dimensional (range and depth) acoustic field for a single frequency point source. Computational resource demand increases considerably when the three?dimensional acoustic field of a broad?band spatially extended source is of interest. An upgrade of the standard parabolic equationmodel RAM for use in a high?performance computing (HPC) environment is discussed. A benchmarked upgraded version of RAM is used in the Louisiana Optical Network Initiative HPC?environment to model the three?dimensional acoustic field of a seismic airgun array. Four?dimensional visualization (time and space) of the generated data volume is also addressed. [Research supported by the Louisiana Optical Network Initiative TeraGrid Fellowship and the Joint Industry Programme through the International Association of Oil and Gas Producers.

Anca M. Niculescu; Natalia A. Sidorovskaia; Peter Achi; Arslan M. Tashmukhambetov; George E. Ioup; Juliette W. Ioup

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Development of whole-building energy performance models as benchmarks for retrofit projects  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents a systematic development process of whole-building energy models as performance benchmarks for retrofit projects. Statistical regression-based models and computational performance models are being used for retrofit projects in industry ...

Omer Tugrul Karaguzel; Khee Poh Lam

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Puget Sound Tidal Energy In-Water Testing and Development Project Final Technical Report  

SciTech Connect

Tidal energy represents potential for the generation of renewable, emission free, environmentally benign, and cost effective energy from tidal flows. A successful tidal energy demonstration project in Puget Sound, Washington may enable significant commercial development resulting in important benefits for the northwest region and the nation. This project promoted the United States Department of Energy�s Wind and Hydropower Technologies Program�s goals of advancing the commercial viability, cost-competitiveness, and market acceptance of marine hydrokinetic systems. The objective of the Puget Sound Tidal Energy Demonstration Project is to conduct in-water testing and evaluation of tidal energy technology as a first step toward potential construction of a commercial-scale tidal energy power plant. The specific goal of the project phase covered by this award was to conduct all activities necessary to complete engineering design and obtain construction approvals for a pilot demonstration plant in the Admiralty Inlet region of the Puget Sound. Public Utility District No. 1 of Snohomish County (The District) accomplished the objectives of this award through four tasks: Detailed Admiralty Inlet Site Studies, Plant Design and Construction Planning, Environmental and Regulatory Activities, and Management and Reporting. Pre-Installation studies completed under this award provided invaluable data used for site selection, environmental evaluation and permitting, plant design, and construction planning. However, these data gathering efforts are not only important to the Admiralty Inlet pilot project. Lessons learned, in particular environmental data gathering methods, can be applied to future tidal energy projects in the United States and other parts of the world. The District collaborated extensively with project stakeholders to complete the tasks for this award. This included Federal, State, and local government agencies, tribal governments, environmental groups, and others. All required permit and license applications were completed and submitted under this award, including a Final License Application for a pilot hydrokinetic license from the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission. The tasks described above have brought the project through all necessary requirements to construct a tidal pilot project in Admiralty Inlet with the exception of final permit and license approvals, and the selection of a general contractor to perform project construction.

Craig W. Collar

2012-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

175

THE PENA BLANCA NATURAL ANALOGUE PERFORMANCE ASSESSMENT MODEL  

SciTech Connect

The Nopal I uranium mine in the Sierra Pena Blanca, Chihuahua, Mexico serves as a natural analogue to the Yucca Mountain repository. The Pena Blanca Natural Analogue Performance Assessment Model simulates the mobilization and transport of radionuclides that are released from the mine and transported to the saturated zone. The Pena Blanca Natural Analogue Performance Assessment Model uses probabilistic simulations of hydrogeologic processes that are analogous to the processes that occur at the Yucca Mountain site. The Nopal I uranium deposit lies in fractured, welded, and altered rhyolitic ash-flow tuffs that overlie carbonate rocks, a setting analogous to the geologic formations at the Yucca Mountain site. The Nopal I mine site has the following analogous characteristics as compared to the Yucca Mountain repository site: (1) Analogous source--UO{sub 2} uranium ore deposit = spent nuclear fuel in the repository; (2) Analogous geology--(i.e. fractured, welded, and altered rhyolitic ash-flow tuffs); (3) Analogous climate--Semiarid to arid; (4) Analogous setting--Volcanic tuffs overlie carbonate rocks; and (5) Analogous geochemistry--Oxidizing conditions Analogous hydrogeology: The ore deposit lies in the unsaturated zone above the water table.

G. Saulnier and W. Statham

2006-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

176

Control of household refrigerators. Part 1: Modeling temperature control performance  

SciTech Connect

Commercial household refrigerators use simple, cost-effective, temperature controllers to obtain acceptable control. A manually adjusted airflow damper regulates the freezer compartment temperature while a thermostat controls operation of the compressor and evaporator fan to regulate refrigerator compartment temperature. Dual compartment temperature control can be achieved with automatic airflow dampers that function independently of the compressor and evaporator fan thermostat, resulting in improved temperature control quality and energy consumption. Under dual control, freezer temperature is controlled by the thermostat while the damper controls refrigerator temperature by regulating airflow circulation. A simulation model is presented that analyzes a household refrigerator configured with a conventional thermostat and both manual and automatic dampers. The model provides a new paradigm for investigating refrigerator systems and temperature control performance relative to the extensive verification testing that is typically done by manufacturers. The effects of each type of control and damper configuration are compared with respect to energy usage, control quality, and ambient temperature shift criteria. The results indicate that the appropriate control configuration can have significant effects and can improve plant performance.

Graviss, K.J.; Collins, R.L.

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Dwarf Galaxies of Tidal Origin -- Relevant for Cosmology ?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Evolutionary synthesis models for Tidal Dwarf Galaxies (TDGs) are presented that allow to have varying proportions of young stars formed in the merger-induced starburst and of stars from the merging spirals' disks. The specific metallicities as well as the gaseous emission of actively star forming TDGs are consistently accounted for. Comparison of models with observational data (e.g. Duc, this volume) gives information on the present evolutionary state and possible future luminosity evolution of TDGs. The redshift evolution of merger rates and of the gas content and metallicities of spiral galaxies are used to estimate the number of TDGs at various redshifts and to investigate their contribution to magnitude limited surveys.

U. Fritze-v. Alvensleben; C. S. Möller; P. - A. Duc

1998-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

178

MHK Technologies/Tidal Defense and Energy System TIDES | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

MHK Technologies/Tidal Defense and Energy System TIDES MHK Technologies/Tidal Defense and Energy System TIDES < MHK Technologies Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Tidal Defense and Energy System TIDES.jpg Technology Profile Primary Organization Oceana Energy Company Project(s) where this technology is utilized *MHK Projects/Astoria Tidal Energy *MHK Projects/Cape Islands Tidal Energy Project *MHK Projects/Central Cook Inlet Tidal Energy Project *MHK Projects/Icy Passage Tidal Energy Project *MHK Projects/Kachemak Bay Tidal Energy Project *MHK Projects/Kendall Head Tidal Energy *MHK Projects/Kennebec *MHK Projects/Penobscot Tidal Energy Project *MHK Projects/Portsmouth Area Tidal Energy Project *MHK Projects/Wrangell Narrows Tidal Energy Project Technology Resource Click here Current/Tidal

179

Active Flow Control on Bidirectional Rotors for Tidal MHK Applications  

SciTech Connect

A marine and hydrokinetic (MHK) tidal turbine extracts energy from tidal currents, providing clean, sustainable electricity generation. In general, all MHK conversion technologies are confronted with significant operational hurdles, resulting in both increased capital and operations and maintenance (O&M) costs. To counter these high costs while maintaining reliability, MHK turbine designs can be simplified. Prior study found that a tidal turbine could be cost-effectively simplified by removing blade pitch and rotor/nacelle yaw. Its rotor would run in one direction during ebb and then reverse direction when the current switched to flood. We dubbed such a turbine a bidirectional rotor tidal turbine (BRTT). The bidirectional hydrofoils of a BRTT are less efficient than conventional hydrofoils and capture less energy, but the elimination of the pitch and yaw systems were estimated to reduce levelized cost of energy by 7.8%-9.6%. In this study, we investigated two mechanisms for recapturing some of the performance shortfall of the BRTT. First, we developed a novel set of hydrofoils, designated the yy series, for BRTT application. Second, we investigated the use of active flow control via microtabs. Microtabs are small deployable/retractable tabs, typically located near the leading or trailing edge of an air/hydrofoil with height on the order of the boundary layer thickness (1% - 2% of chord). They deploy approximately perpendicularly to the foil surface and, like gurney flaps and plain flaps, globally affect the aerodynamics of the airfoil. By strategically placing microtabs and selectively deploying them based on the direction of the inflow, performance of a BRTT rotor can be improved while retaining bidirectional operation. The yy foils were computationally designed and analyzed. They exhibited better performance than the baseline bidirectional foil, the ellipse. For example, the yyb07cn-180 had 14.7% higher (l/d)max than an ellipse of equal thickness. The yyb07cn family also had higher c{sub p,min} than equivalently thick ellipses, indicating less susceptibility to cavitation. Microtabs applied on yy foils demonstrated improved energy capture. A series of variable speed and constant speed rotors were developed with the yyb07cn family of hydrofoils. The constant speed yyb07cn rotor (yy-B02-Rcs,opt) captured 0.45% more energy than the equivalent rotor with ellipses (e-B02-Rcs,opt). With microtabs deployed (yy?t-B02-Rcs,opt), the energy capture increase over the rotor with ellipses was 1.05%. Note, however, that microtabs must be applied judiciously to bidirectional foils. On the 18% thick ellipse, performance decreased with the addition of microtabs. Details of hydrofoil performance, microtab sizing and positioning, rotor configurations, and revenue impacts are presented herein.

Shiu, Henry [Research Engineer; van Dam, Cornelis P. [Professor

2013-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

180

Current Capabilities of the Fuel Performance Modeling Code PARFUME  

SciTech Connect

The success of gas reactors depends upon the safety and quality of the coated particle fuel. A fuel performance modeling code (called PARFUME), which simulates the mechanical and physico-chemical behavior of fuel particles during irradiation, is under development at the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory. Among current capabilities in the code are: 1) various options for calculating CO production and fission product gas release, 2) a thermal model that calculates a time-dependent temperature profile through a pebble bed sphere or a prismatic block core, as well as through the layers of each analyzed particle, 3) simulation of multi-dimensional particle behavior associated with cracking in the IPyC layer, partial debonding of the IPyC from the SiC, particle asphericity, kernel migration, and thinning of the SiC caused by interaction of fission products with the SiC, 4) two independent methods for determining particle failure probabilities, 5) a model for calculating release-to-birth (R/B) ratios of gaseous fission products, that accounts for particle failures and uranium contamination in the fuel matrix, and 6) the evaluation of an accident condition, where a particle experiences a sudden change in temperature following a period of normal irradiation. This paper presents an overview of the code.

G. K. Miller; D. A. Petti; J. T. Maki; D. L. Knudson

2004-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "modeling performance tidal" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

MHK Technologies/Tidal Sails | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sails Sails < MHK Technologies Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Tidal Sails.jpg Technology Profile Primary Organization Tidal Sails AS Technology Resource Click here Current Technology Type Click here Oscillating Wave Surge Converter Technology Readiness Level Click here TRL 1 3 Discovery Concept Def Early Stage Dev Design Engineering Technology Description The Tidal Sails device is a series of underwater sails affixed to wires strung across the tidal stream at an angle The sails are driven back and forth by the tidal flow between two stations at one of which the generator is installed Technology Dimensions Device Testing Date Submitted 26:04.6 << Return to the MHK database homepage Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=MHK_Technologies/Tidal_Sails&oldid=681675

182

Performance | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Performance Performance Home Ocop's picture Submitted by Ocop(5) Member 18 April, 2013 - 13:41 MHK LCOE Reporting Guidance Draft Cost Current DOE LCOE numerical modeling Performance Tidal Wave To normalize competing claims of LCOE, DOE has developed-for its own use-a standardized cost and performance data reporting process to facilitate uniform calculation of LCOE from MHK device developers. This standardization framework is only the first version in what is anticipated to be an iterative process that involves industry and the broader DOE stakeholder community. Multiple files are attached here for review and comment.Upload Files: application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.wordprocessingml.document icon device_performance_validation_data_request.docx application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.spreadsheetml.sheet icon

183

Direct-Steam Linear Fresnel Performance Model for NREL's System Advisor Model  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents the technical formulation and demonstrated model performance results of a new direct-steam-generation (DSG) model in NREL's System Advisor Model (SAM). The model predicts the annual electricity production of a wide range of system configurations within the DSG Linear Fresnel technology by modeling hourly performance of the plant in detail. The quasi-steady-state formulation allows users to investigate energy and mass flows, operating temperatures, and pressure drops for geometries and solar field configurations of interest. The model includes tools for heat loss calculation using either empirical polynomial heat loss curves as a function of steam temperature, ambient temperature, and wind velocity, or a detailed evacuated tube receiver heat loss model. Thermal losses are evaluated using a computationally efficient nodal approach, where the solar field and headers are discretized into multiple nodes where heat losses, thermal inertia, steam conditions (including pressure, temperature, enthalpy, etc.) are individually evaluated during each time step of the simulation. This paper discusses the mathematical formulation for the solar field model and describes how the solar field is integrated with the other subsystem models, including the power cycle and optional auxiliary fossil system. Model results are also presented to demonstrate plant behavior in the various operating modes.

Wagner, M. J.; Zhu, G.

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Circularization of Tidally Disrupted Stars around Spinning Supermassive Black Holes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the circularization of tidally disrupted stars on bound orbits around spinning supermassive black holes by performing three-dimensional smoothed particle hydrodynamic simulations with Post-Newtonian corrections. Our simulations reveal that debris circularization depends sensitively on the efficiency of radiative cooling. There are two stages in debris circularization if radiative cooling is inefficient: first, the stellar debris streams self-intersect due to relativistic apsidal precession; shocks at the intersection points thermalize orbital energy and the debris forms a geometrically thick, ring-like structure around the black hole. The ring rapidly spreads via viscous diffusion, leading to the formation of a geometrically thick accretion disk. In contrast, if radiative cooling is efficient, the stellar debris circularizes due to self-intersection shocks and forms a geometrically thin ring-like structure. In this case, the dissipated energy can be emitted during debris circularization as a precurso...

Hayasaki, Kimitake; Loeb, Abraham

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Tidal Marsh Vegetation of China Camp, San Pablo Bay, California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

at China Camp continued throughout most of the 20th century,Camp tidal marsh that escaped diking and intensive agricultural modifica- tion in the 19th century:

Baye, Peter R.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

First Commercial, Grid-Connected, Hydrokinetic Tidal Energy Project...  

Office of Science (SC) Website

First Commercial, Grid-Connected, Hydrokinetic Tidal Energy Project in North America Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) and Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) SBIR...

187

Performance modeling of the Ballard Mark IV solid polymer electrolyte fuel cell. 1: Mechanistic model development  

SciTech Connect

A parametric model predicting the performance of a solid polymer electrolyte, proton exchange membrane (PEM) fuel cell has been developed using a combination of mechanistic and empirical modeling techniques. This paper details the mechanistic model development. Mass transport properties are considered in the mechanistic development via Stefan-Maxwell equations. Thermodynamic equilibrium potentials are defined using the Nernst equation. Activation overvoltages are defined via a Tafel equation, and internal resistance are defined via the Nernst-Planck equation, leading to a definition of ohmic overvoltage via an Ohm's law equation. The mechanistic model cannot adequately model fuel cell performance, since several simplifying approximations have been used in order to facilitate model development. Additionally, certain properties likely to be observed in operational fuel cells, such as thermal gradients, have not been considered. Nonetheless, the insights gained from the mechanistic assessment of fuel cell processes were found to give the resulting empirical model a firmer theoretical basis than many of the models presently available in the literature. Correlation of the empirical model to actual experimental data was very good.

Amphlett, J.C.; Baumert, R.M.; Mann, R.F.; Peppley, B.A.; Roberge, P.R. (Royal Military College of Canada, Kingston, Ontario (Canada)); Harris, T.J. (Queen's Univ., Kingston, Ontario (Canada))

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

Waste Form Degradation Model Integration for Engineered Materials Performance  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The collaborative approach to the glass and metallic waste form degradation modeling activities includes process model development (including first-principles approaches) and model integration—both...

189

Computational performance of ultra-high-resolution capability in the Community Earth System Model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

With the fourth release of the Community Climate System Model, the ability to perform ultra-high-resolution climate simulations is now possible, enabling eddy-resolving ocean and sea-ice models to be coupled to a finite-volume atmosphere model for a ... Keywords: Earth system modeling, Performance engineering, application optimization, climate modeling, high-resolution

John M. Dennis; Mariana Vertenstein; Patrick H. Worley; Arthur A. Mirin; Anthony P. Craig; Robert Jacob; Sheri Mickelson

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Tidal constituent database. West Coast of the United States and Eastern North pacific ocean. Technical note  

SciTech Connect

This technical note describes a database of tidal elevation boundary condition information generated in support of the `Long-Term Fate of Dredged Material Disposed in Open Water` research of the Dredging Research Program (DRP), being conducted at the U.S. Army Engineer Waterways Experiment Station. The database, described in detail by Hench and others (1994), allows the user to manually generate time series of tidal elevations or to use a program to access the full database to generate time series of both tidal elevations and currents for any location along the West Coast of the United States and Eastern North Pacific Ocean, extending from Seal Cape on Unimak Island, Alaska, in the North to Punta Parada, Peru, in the South. The land boundary includes the Pacific shorelines of Alaska, Canada, mainland United States, Mexico, Guatemala, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama, Columbia, and Northern Peru. Although the capability to generate these time series was developed to provide input to the Long-Term Fate and Stability Model (LTFATE), the generated time series can be used for any application requiring tidal forcing data.

NONE

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Hybrid Offshore Wind and Tidal Turbine Power System to Compensate for Fluctuation (HOTCF)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The hybrid system proposed in this study involves an offshore-wind turbine and a complementary tidal turbine that supplies grid power. The hybrid wind–tidal system consistently combines wind power and tidal power...

Mohammad Lutfur Rahman; Shunsuke Oka; Yasuyuki Shirai

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

THE PENA BLANCA NATURAL ANALOGUE PERFORMANCE ASSESSMENT MODEL  

SciTech Connect

The Nopal I uranium mine in the Sierra Pena Blanca, Chihuahua, Mexico serves as a natural analogue to the Yucca Mountain repository. The Pena Blanca Natural Analogue Performance Assessment Model simulates the mobilization and transport of radionuclides that are released from the mine and transported to the saturated zone. the Pena Blanca Natural Analogue Model uses probabilistic simulations of hydrogeologic processes that are analogous to the processes that occur at the Yucca Mountain site. The Nopal I uranium deposit lies in fractured, welded, and altered rhyolitic ash flow tuffs that overlie carbonate rocks, a setting analogous to the geologic formations at the Yucca Mountain site. The Nopal I mine site has the following characteristics as compared to the Yucca Mountain repository site. (1) Analogous source: UO{sub 2} uranium ore deposit = spent nuclear fuel in the repository; (2) Analogous geologic setting: fractured, welded, and altered rhyolitic ash flow tuffs overlying carbonate rocks; (3) Analogous climate: Semiarid to arid; (4) Analogous geochemistry: Oxidizing conditions; and (5) Analogous hydrogeology: The ore deposit lies in the unsaturated zone above the water table. The Nopal I deposit is approximately 8 {+-} 0.5 million years old and has been exposed to oxidizing conditions during the last 3.2 to 3.4 million years. The Pena Blanca Natural Analogue Model considers that the uranium oxide and uranium silicates in the ore deposit were originally analogous to uranium-oxide spent nuclear fuel. The Pena Blanca site has been characterized using field and laboratory investigations of its fault and fracture distribution, mineralogy, fracture fillings, seepage into the mine adits, regional hydrology, and mineralization that shows the extent of radionuclide migration. Three boreholes were drilled at the Nopal I mine site in 2003 and these boreholes have provided samples for lithologic characterization, water-level measurements, and water samples for laboratory analysis of the saturated zone water chemistry. The results of the field investigations and laboratory analyses of rock and water samples collected at Nopal I are used to calibrate the Pena Blanca Natural Analogue Model.

G.J. Saulnier Jr; W. Statham

2006-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

193

Ventilation performance prediction for buildings: Model Assessment Qingyan Chena,b,*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Ventilation performance prediction for buildings: Model Assessment Qingyan Chena,b,* , Kisup Leeb building, but cannot provide detailed flow information in a room. The zonal model can be useful when a user ventilation systems for buildings requires a suitable model to assess system performance. The performance can

Chen, Qingyan "Yan"

194

Influence of tidal parameters on SeaGen flicker performance  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...three-phase 11kV overhead line from a 33kV subtransmission substation. The source impedance, provided by the Grid operator, at...code requirements for generators or loads connecting to the HV system, typically they would require them to have a P st value...

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Impact of different operating modes for a Severn Barrage on the tidal power and flood inundation in the Severn Estuary, UK  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Severn Estuary has a spring tidal range approaching 14 m and is regarded as having one of the highest tidal ranges in the world. Various proposals have been made regarding the construction of a tidal barrage across the estuary to enable tidal energy to be extracted. The barrage scheme originally proposed by the Severn Tidal Power Group (STPG) would be the largest project for tidal power generation in the world if built as proposed. Therefore, it is important to study the impact of different operating modes for this barrage on the tidal power output and flood inundation extent in the estuary. In this paper, an existing two-dimensional hydrodynamic model based on an unstructured triangular mesh has been integrated with a new algorithm developed for the estimation of tidal power output, which can account for three barrage operating modes, including ebb generation, flood generation, and two-way generation. The refined model was then used to investigate the impact of different barrage operating modes on the tidal power output and the associated extent of flood inundation along the Severn Estuary. Predicted results indicate that the mode of flood generation would produce the least electrical energy and cause a larger reduction in the maximum water levels upstream of the barrage. Two-way generation would provide an improvement to these conditions, and produce an equivalent amount of electricity to that from ebb generation, with a low installed capacity and a small loss of intertidal zones. Therefore, the mode of ebb generation or two-way generation would appear to be a preferred option for power generation, because both would offer benefits of acceptable electrical energy and reduced flood risk.

Junqiang Xia; Roger A. Falconer; Binliang Lin

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

Tidal disruption flares of stars from moderately recoiled black holes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......distribution and the uncertain physics of the last stages of...time-averaged tidal disruption rates. We then fit these functions...2.2Tidal disruption physics Stars that pass within a radius of an...characteristic mass return rate is (Phinney 1989......

Nicholas Stone; Abraham Loeb

2012-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

197

Accelerating Energy Savings Performance Contracting Through Model Statewide Programs  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Provides suggestions on how to accelerateEnergy Savings Performance Contracting programs and information about the types of assistance provided under the 'Accelerated Energy Savings Performance Contracting' initiative. Author: Energy Services Coalition

198

Acoustic Monitoring of Beluga Whale Interactions with Cook Inlet Tidal Energy Project  

SciTech Connect

Cook Inlet, Alaska is home to some of the greatest tidal energy resources in the U.S., as well as an endangered population of beluga whales (Delphinapterus leucas). Successfully permitting and operating a tidal power project in Cook Inlet requires a biological assessment of the potential and realized effects of the physical presence and sound footprint of tidal turbines on the distribution, relative abundance, and behavior of Cook Inlet beluga whales. ORPC Alaska, working with the Project Team—LGL Alaska Research Associates, University of Alaska Anchorage, TerraSond, and Greeneridge Science—undertook the following U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) study to characterize beluga whales in Cook Inlet – Acoustic Monitoring of Beluga Whale Interactions with the Cook Inlet Tidal Energy Project (Project). ORPC Alaska, LLC, is a wholly-owned subsidiary of Ocean Renewable Power Company, LLC, (collectively, ORPC). ORPC is a global leader in the development of hydrokinetic power systems and eco-conscious projects that harness the power of ocean and river currents to create clean, predictable renewable energy. ORPC is developing a tidal energy demonstration project in Cook Inlet at East Foreland where ORPC has a Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) preliminary permit (P-13821). The Project collected baseline data to characterize pre-deployment patterns of marine mammal distribution, relative abundance, and behavior in ORPC’s proposed deployment area at East Foreland. ORPC also completed work near Fire Island where ORPC held a FERC preliminary permit (P-12679) until March 6, 2013. Passive hydroacoustic devices (previously utilized with bowhead whales in the Beaufort Sea) were adapted for study of beluga whales to determine the relative abundance of beluga whale vocalizations within the proposed deployment areas. Hydroacoustic data collected during the Project were used to characterize the ambient acoustic environment of the project site pre-deployment to inform the FERC pilot project process. The Project compared results obtained from this method to results obtained from other passive hydrophone technologies and to visual observation techniques performed simultaneously. This Final Report makes recommendations on the best practice for future data collection, for ORPC’s work in Cook Inlet specifically, and for tidal power projects in general. This Project developed a marine mammal study design and compared technologies for hydroacoustic and visual data collection with potential for broad application to future tidal and hydrokinetic projects in other geographic areas. The data collected for this Project will support the environmental assessment of future Cook Inlet tidal energy projects, including ORPC’s East Foreland Tidal Energy Project and any tidal energy developments at Fire Island. The Project’s rigorous assessment of technology and methodologies will be invaluable to the hydrokinetic industry for developing projects in an environmentally sound and sustainable way for areas with high marine mammal activity or endangered populations. By combining several different sampling methods this Project will also contribute to the future preparation of a comprehensive biological assessment of ORPC’s projects in Cook Inlet.

Worthington, Monty [Project Director - AK] [Project Director - AK

2014-02-05T23:59:59.000Z

199

Hydra Tidal Energy Technology AS | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Tidal Energy Technology AS Tidal Energy Technology AS Jump to: navigation, search Name Hydra Tidal Energy Technology AS Address PO Box 399 Place Harstad Zip 9484 Sector Marine and Hydrokinetic Year founded 2001 Phone number (+47) 77 06 08 08 Website http://http://www.hydratidal.i Region Norway LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This company is listed in the Marine and Hydrokinetic Technology Database. This company is involved in the following MHK Projects: MORILD Demonstration Plant Morild 2 This company is involved in the following MHK Technologies: MORILD 2 Floating Tidal Power System Morild Power Plant This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Hydra_Tidal_Energy_Technology_AS&oldid=678333

200

MHK Technologies/TidalStar | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

TidalStar TidalStar < MHK Technologies Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage TidalStar.jpg Technology Profile Primary Organization Bourne Energy Technology Resource Click here Current Technology Type Click here Axial Flow Turbine Technology Readiness Level Click here TRL 1 3 Discovery Concept Def Early Stage Dev Design Engineering Technology Description The horizontal axis TidalStar device uses a bidirectional twin rotor turbine to produce approximately 50 kW at peak capacity in both ebb and flood tides Technology Dimensions Length (m) 6 Width (m) 6 Freeboard (m) 1 Technology Nameplate Capacity (MW) 5 Device Testing Date Submitted 46:38.3 << Return to the MHK database homepage Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=MHK_Technologies/TidalStar&oldid=681677

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "modeling performance tidal" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Experimental research on tidal current vertical axis turbine with variable-pitch blades  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Due to the limited storage and ever-increasing dependence on fossil fuel, the world is in the phase of shifting toward renewable energy. Tidal current energy is one of the most predictable forms of renewable energy, which is harnessed by utilizing a tidal current turbine. To study the performance of the tidal current turbine relating to the ability of energy absorption and exchanging, experimental tests play an important role which can not only validate the numerical results but also provide a reference for the prototype design. In this study, a series of experiments related to vertical-axis turbines (VAT) were carried out at Harbin Engineering University and a large quantity of experimental data to study the hydrodynamic performance of turbines was presented. Based on the different techniques used to control the pitch mechanism, the experiments can be classified as the cycloid type controllable-pitch, spring-control pitch and passive variable-pitch VAT experiment. The influences of the different parameters on the hydrodynamic performance of turbines were discussed. Finally, some control strategies for the blade for different turbines were given.

Fengmei Jing; Qihu Sheng; Liang Zhang

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

A residence-time-based transport approach for the groundwater pathway in performance assessment models  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents the theoretical development and numerical implementation of a new modeling approach for representing the groundwater pathway in risk assessment or performance assessment model of a contaminant transport system. The model developed ... Keywords: Groundwater pathway, Mixing model, Performance assessment, Residence time distribution

Bruce A. Robinson; Shaoping Chu

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Memory consistency models for high performance distributed computing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis develops a mathematical framework for specifying the consistency guarantees of high performance distributed shared memory multiprocessors. This framework is based on computations, which specify the operations ...

Luchangco, Victor

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

NREL Software Models Performance of Wind Plants (Fact Sheet)...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

effects of weather patterns, turbulence, and complex terrain on the performance of wind turbines and plants. SOWFA simulates fluid dynam- ics on scales from regional weather to...

205

Under-estimation of the UK Tidal David J.C. MacKay  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the flow of energy in a tidal wave. In a shallow-water-wave model of tide, the true flow of en- ergy is greater than the Black-and-Veatch flow by a factor of d/h, where d is the water depth and h is the tide on the DTI Energy Review, Salter [2005] suggests that this standard figure may well be an under-estimate (see

MacKay, David J.C.

206

Quantifying Turbulence for Tidal Power Applications  

SciTech Connect

Using newly collected data from a tidal power site in Puget Sound, WA, metrics for turbulence quantification are assessed and discussed. The quality of raw ping Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler (ADCP) data for turbulence studies is evaluated against Acoustic Doppler Velocimeter (ADV) data at a point. Removal of Doppler noise from the raw ping data is shown to be a crucial step in turbulence quantification. Excluding periods of slack tide, the turbulent intensity estimates at a height of 4.6 m above the seabed are 8% and 11% from the ADCP and ADV, respectively. Estimates of the turbulent dissipation rate are more variable, from 10e-3 to 10e-1 W/m^3. An example analysis of coherent Turbulent Kinetic Energy (TKE) is presented.

Thomson, Jim; Richmond, Marshall C.; Polagye, Brian; Durgesh, Vibhav

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

Safety, Dependability and Performance Analysis of Extended AADL Models  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......analysis Failure mode and effects analysis (FMEA) and fault tree analysis (FTA), model...Wesupporttwopopularhazardanalysistechniques:FMEA and FTA. Both techniques are realized...symbolic model checking [33, 34]. (i) FMEA is an inductive technique that starts by......

Marco Bozzano; Alessandro Cimatti; Joost-Pieter Katoen; Viet Yen Nguyen; Thomas Noll; Marco Roveri

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Performance and Portability of an Air Quality Model Donald Dabdub  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and planning for the control of air pollution episodes. The California Institute of Technology (CIT) photochemical model is one such air quality model. It is used to predict the pollution dynamics in the South Coast Air Basin of California. It has also been modified to model pollution in South Korea, Mexico

Manohar, Rajit

209

Derivation of Delaware Bay tidal parameters from space shuttle photography  

SciTech Connect

The tide-related parameters of the Delaware Bay are derived from space shuttle time-series photographs. The water areas in the bay are measured from interpretation maps of the photographs with a CALCOMP 9100 digitizer and ERDAS Image Processing System. The corresponding tidal levels are calculated using the exposure time annotated on the photographs. From these data, an approximate function relating the water area to the tidal level at a reference point is determined. Based on the function, the water areas of the Delaware Bay at mean high water (MHW) and mean low water (MLW), below 0 m, and for the tidal zone are inferred. With MHW and MLW areas and the mean tidal range, the authors calculate the tidal influx of the Delaware Bay, which is 2.76 x 1O[sup 9] m[sup 3]. Furthermore, the velocity of flood tide at the bay mouth is determined using the tidal flux and an integral of the velocity distribution function at the cross section between Cape Henlopen and Cape May. The result is 132 cm/s, which compares well with the data on tidal current charts.

Zheng, Quanan; Yan, Xiaohai; Klemas, V. (Univ. of Delaware, Newark (United States))

1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

EVOLUTION OF PLANETARY ORBITS WITH STELLAR MASS LOSS AND TIDAL DISSIPATION  

SciTech Connect

Intermediate mass stars and stellar remnants often host planets, and these dynamical systems evolve because of mass loss and tides. This paper considers the combined action of stellar mass loss and tidal dissipation on planetary orbits in order to determine the conditions required for planetary survival. Stellar mass loss is included using a so-called Jeans model, described by a dimensionless mass loss rate ? and an index ?. We use an analogous prescription to model tidal effects, described here by a dimensionless dissipation rate ? and two indices (q, p). The initial conditions are determined by the starting value of angular momentum parameter ?{sub 0} (equivalently, the initial eccentricity) and the phase ? of the orbit. Within the context of this model, we derive an analytic formula for the critical dissipation rate ?, which marks the boundary between orbits that spiral outward due to stellar mass loss and those that spiral inward due to tidal dissipation. This analytic result ? = ?(?, ?, q, p, ?{sub 0}, ?) is essentially exact for initially circular orbits and holds to within an accuracy of ?50% over the entire multi-dimensional parameter space, where the individual parameters vary by several orders of magnitude. For stars that experience mass loss, the stellar radius often displays quasi-periodic variations, which produce corresponding variations in tidal forcing; we generalize the calculation to include such pulsations using a semi-analytic treatment that holds to the same accuracy as the non-pulsating case. These results can be used in many applications, e.g., to predict/constrain properties of planetary systems orbiting white dwarfs.

Adams, Fred C. [Physics Department, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 (United States)] [Physics Department, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 (United States); Bloch, Anthony M. [Math Department, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 (United States)] [Math Department, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 (United States)

2013-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

211

BLACK-BOX MODELLING OF HVAC SYSTEM: IMPROVING THE PERFORMANCES OF NEURAL NETWORKS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

BLACK-BOX MODELLING OF HVAC SYSTEM: IMPROVING THE PERFORMANCES OF NEURAL NETWORKS Eric FOCK Ile de La RĂ©union - FRANCE ABSTRACT This paper deals with neural networks modelling of HVAC systems of HVAC system can be modelled using manufacturer design data presented as derived performance maps

Boyer, Edmond

212

VALIDATION OF PV PERFORMANCE MODELS USING SATELLITE-BASED IRRADIANCE MEASUREMENTS: A CASE STUDY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

performance model results are affected when satellite- based weather data is used in place of ground from a relatively small number of locations. In contrast, satellite-based radiation and weather data (e performance models using both ground and satellite-based weather inputs and compare model results

Perez, Richard R.

213

Improving Face Recognition Performance Using a Hierarchical Bayesian Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

which can result in an improved recognition performance over already existing baseline approaches. We use Kernelized Fisher Discriminant Analysis (KFLD) as our baseline as it is superior to PCA in a way that it produces well separated classes even under...

Shikaripur Nadig, Ashwini

2010-04-27T23:59:59.000Z

214

Accelerating Energy Savings Performance Contracting Through Model Statewide Programs  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Provides information on Energy Savings Performance Contracing (ESPC), including links to best practices and tools as well as the Accelerated ESCP initiative and types of assistance available. Author: Energy Services Coalition

215

Case Studies Comparing System Advisor Model (SAM) Results to Real Performance Data: Preprint  

SciTech Connect

NREL has completed a series of detailed case studies comparing the simulations of the System Advisor Model (SAM) and measured performance data or published performance expectations. These case studies compare PV measured performance data with simulated performance data using appropriate weather data. The measured data sets were primarily taken from NREL onsite PV systems and weather monitoring stations.

Blair, N.; Dobos, A.; Sather, N.

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Tidal signals in basin?scale acoustic transmissions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Travel times of acoustic signals were measured between a bottom?mounted source near Oahu and five bottom?mounted receivers located near Washington Oregon and California in 1988 and 1989. This paper discusses the observed tidal signals. At three out of five receivers observed travel times at M2 and S2 periods agree with predictions from a barotropic tide model to within ±30° in phase and a factor of 1.6 in amplitude. The discrepancies at the fourth and fifth receivers can largely be accounted for with a simple model for the generation of baroclinic tides by interactions between the barotropic tides and guyots in the Moonless mountains. These baroclinic tides are phase locked to the astronomical tide?generating forces. A simple model is used to estimate the conversion of energy from barotropic to baroclinic tides by the world’s seamounts. At M2 the conversion amounts to about 1×1018 erg s?1 or about 4% of the total dissipation at M2. Although this estimate is very approximate it is similar to other published values.

Robert H. Headrick; John L. Spiesberger; Paul J. Bushong

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

Water Trapping on Tidally Locked Terrestrial Planets Requires Special Conditions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Surface liquid water is essential for standard planetary habitability. Calculations of atmospheric circulation on tidally locked planets around M stars suggest that this peculiar orbital configuration lends itself to the trapping of large amounts of water in kilometers-thick ice on the night side, potentially removing all liquid water from the day side where photosynthesis is possible. We study this problem using a global climate model including coupled atmosphere, ocean, land, and sea-ice components as well as a continental ice sheet model driven by the climate model output. For a waterworld we find that surface winds transport sea ice toward the day side and the ocean carries heat toward the night side. As a result, night-side sea ice remains O(10 m) thick and night-side water trapping is insignificant. If a planet has large continents on its night side, they can grow ice sheets O(1000 m) thick if the geothermal heat flux is similar to Earth's or smaller. Planets with a water complement similar to Earth's w...

Yang, Jun; Hu, Yongyun; Abbot, Dorian S

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

The Role of Tidal Marsh Restoration in Fish Management in the San Francisco Estuary  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

unpublished data). Seasonal floods bring riverine materialsoccasional large-scale flood events. Tidal wetland channels

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

Energy potential of a tidal fence deployed near a coastal headland  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...192 Theme Issue New research in tidal current energy compiled and edited by AbuBakr Bahaj Energy potential of a tidal fence deployed near a...a Theme Issue New research in tidal current energy . Enhanced tidal streams close to coastal headlands...

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

Tidal energy site resource assessment in the East River tidal strait, near Roosevelt Island, New York, New York  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This study demonstrates a site resource assessment to examine the temporal variation of the current speeds, current directions, turbulence intensities, and power densities for a tidal energy site in the East River tidal strait. These variables were derived from two months of acoustic Doppler velocimeter (ADV) measurements at the design hub height of the Verdant Power Gen5 hydrokinetic turbine. The study site is a tidal strait that exhibits semi-diurnal tidal current characteristics, with a mean horizontal current speed of 1.4 m s?1, and a turbulence intensity of 15% at a reference mean current of 2 m s?1. Flood and ebb flow directions are nearly bi-directional, with a higher current speed during flood tide, which skews the power production towards the flood tide period. The tidal hydrodynamics at the site are highly regular, as indicated by the tidal current time series that resembles a sinusoidal function. This study also shows that the theoretical force and the power densities derived from the current measurements can be significantly influenced by the length of the time window used for averaging the current speed data. Furthermore, the theoretical power density at the site, derived from the current speed measurements, is one order of magnitude greater than that reported in the U.S. national resource assessment. This discrepancy highlights the importance of conducting site resource assessments based on measurements at the tidal energy converter device scale.

Budi Gunawan; Vincent S. Neary; Jonathan Colby

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "modeling performance tidal" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Methodology for Modeling Building Energy Performance across the Commercial Sector  

SciTech Connect

This report uses EnergyPlus simulations of each building in the 2003 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS) to document and demonstrate bottom-up methods of modeling the entire U.S. commercial buildings sector (EIA 2006). The ability to use a whole-building simulation tool to model the entire sector is of interest because the energy models enable us to answer subsequent 'what-if' questions that involve technologies and practices related to energy. This report documents how the whole-building models were generated from the building characteristics in 2003 CBECS and compares the simulation results to the survey data for energy use.

Griffith, B.; Long, N.; Torcellini, P.; Judkoff, R.; Crawley, D.; Ryan, J.

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Advanced Fuel Performance: Modeling and Simulation Light Water...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

models, and will be designed for implementa- tion not only on today's leadership- class computers, but also for advanced architecture platforms now under de- velopment by DOE, as...

223

An integrated performance model for high temperature gas cooled reactor coated particle fuel  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The performance of coated fuel particles is essential for the development and deployment of High Temperature Gas Reactor (HTGR) systems for future power generation. Fuel performance modeling is indispensable for understanding ...

Wang, Jing, 1976-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Cooperative Energy Efficiency Modeling and Performance Analysis in Co-Channel Interference Cellular Networks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Communications Cooperative Energy Efficiency Modeling and Performance...cooperative communications, energy efficiency is becoming increasingly...but also the green-house gas emission and carbon...most cases, high energy efficiency performance should......

Jing Zhang; Xi Yang; Qi Yao; Xiaohu Ge; Minho Jo; Guoqiang Mao

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Performance Modeling and Simulation Studies of MAC Protocols in Sensor Network Performance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

tree R used for performance evaluation. II. ENERGY EFFICIENT WAKE-UP AND DATA COLLECTION Data Sahota Ratnesh Kumar Ahmed Kamal Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Iowa State University for the purpose of achieving energy savings. In addition, MAC layer is designed which uses these multiple power

Kumar, Ratnesh

226

A NEW MODEL FOR PERFORMANCE PREDICTION OF HARD ROCK TBMS.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

methods to accu- rately predict the penetration rate of a TBM in a given geology. These models are mainly, and the penetration rate. A good example of this is the Norwegian (NTH) hard rock diagnostic system and predictor penetration rate. This group of models 1.ResearchAssociakandGraduacStudentinMiningErrg.Dept. 2.Directorof

227

Runtime Performance Modeling and Measurement of Adaptive Distributed Object Applications  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Distributed applications that can adapt at runtime to changing quality of service (QoS) require a model of the expected QoS and of the possible application adaptations. QoS models in turn require runtime measurements, both in-band and out-of-band, from ...

John A. Zinky; Joseph P. Loyall; Richard Shapiro

2002-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Fuel Performance Code Benchmark for Uncertainty Analysis in Light Water Reactor Modeling.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Fuel performance codes are used in the design and safety analysis of light water reactors. The differences in the physical models and the numerics of… (more)

Blyth, Taylor

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Improvement of Electrocatalyst Performance in Hydrogen Fuel Cells by Multiscale Modelling.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The work in this thesis addresses the improvement of electrocatalyst performance inhydrogen PEM fuel cells. An agglomerate model for a catalyst layer was coupled witha… (more)

Marthosa, Sutida

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

MHK Technologies/Jiangxia Tidal Power Station | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Jiangxia Tidal Power Station Jiangxia Tidal Power Station < MHK Technologies Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Jiangxia Tidal Power Station.jpg Technology Profile Primary Organization China Guodian Corporation Technology Type Click here Axial Flow Turbine Technology Readiness Level Click here TRL 9 Commercial Scale Production Application Technology Description There are 6 bulb turbine generator units operating in both ebb and flood tides with a total installed capacity up to 3 9 MW Technology Dimensions Technology Nameplate Capacity (MW) 3 9 Device Testing Date Submitted 14:15.7 << Return to the MHK database homepage Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=MHK_Technologies/Jiangxia_Tidal_Power_Station&oldid=681601

231

Severn Tidal Power Group STpg | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Power Group STpg Jump to: navigation, search Name: Severn Tidal Power Group STpg Region: United Kingdom Sector: Marine and Hydrokinetic Website: http:http:www.reuk.co.uks This...

232

MHK Technologies/Sabella subsea tidal turbine | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

subsea tidal turbine subsea tidal turbine < MHK Technologies Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Technology Profile Technology Resource Click here Current/Tidal Technology Type Click here Axial Flow Turbine Technology Description It is characterised by a turbine configuration on the seafloor, without impinging on the surface. These turbines are stabilised by gravity and/or are anchored according to the nature of the seafloor. They are pre-orientated in the direction of the tidal currents, and the profile of their symmetrical blades helps to capture the ebb and flow. The rotor activated, at slow speeds (10 to 15 rpm), by the tides powers a generator, which exports the electricity produced to the coast via a submarine cable anchored and embedded at its landfall.

233

MHK Technologies/Tidal Stream Turbine | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Stream Turbine Stream Turbine < MHK Technologies Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Tidal Stream Turbine.jpg Technology Profile Primary Organization StatoilHydro co owned by Hammerfest Strong Technology Resource Click here Current Technology Type Click here Axial Flow Turbine Technology Readiness Level Click here TRL 5 6 System Integration and Technology Laboratory Demonstration Technology Description A fully operational 300kW prototype tidal turbine has been running in Norway since 2003 and has achieved good results It s the world s first tidal turbine to supply electricity directly to the onshore grid In the autumn of 2008 Hammerfest Str�m signed an intention agreement with Scottish Power to further develop tidal technology in the UK A 1 MW turbine is currently under development

234

Modeling the Performance of Engineered Systems for Closure and Near-Surface Disposal  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

performance cleanup closure performance cleanup closure M E Environmental Management Environmental Management Performance Assessment Community of Practice Technical Exchange July 13-14, 2009 Modeling the Performance of Engineered Systems for Closure and Near-Surface Disposal - Overview and Focused Discussions David S. Kosson CRESP and Vanderbilt University Tank Waste Corporate Board Meeting July 29, 2009 1 safety performance cleanup closure M E Environmental Management Environmental Management Agenda * Overview of DOE Performance Assessment Practices * Focused Discussions - Role of PA Process in Risk Communication and Decisions - Modeling Improvements - PA Assumption Validation - Uncertainty Evaluation - Evolving EPA Developments - Related IAEA Activities * Looking forward

235

A Comparison of HCCI Engine Performance Data and Kinetic Modeling...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

- Better chance to predict emissions CFD model - Most true to flow, mixing, and heat loss processes 5 Managed by UT-Battelle for the Department of Energy ORNL HCCI engine...

236

Hybrid Model for Building Performance Diagnosis and Optimal Control  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and two capacitances, is used to simulate building envelope whose parameters are determined in frequency domain using the theoretical frequency characteristics of the envelope. Internal mass is represented by a 2R2C thermal network model, which consists...

Wang, S.; Xu, X.

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

Modeling maintenance projects risk effects on ERP performance  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Worldwide organizations have made important efforts to replace their legacy information applications by ERP (Enterprise Resource Planning) solutions. However, a suitable system implementation does not guarantee the ERP adoption success. This also depends ... Keywords: ERP maintenance, Simulations, Soft computing, Software project risks, System performance

Cristina López; Jose L. Salmeron

2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Model Energy Savings Performance Contract, Schedules, and Exhibits  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Energy Savings Performance Contract defines the project, establishing how it will be implemented during construction and how it will be managed through the entire term of the agreement, addressing construction details, roles and responsibilities of the ESCO and Institution, and guaranteed savings through measurement and verification.

239

Hybrid Model of Existing Buildings for Transient Thermal Performance Estimation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. The model parameters, Cim,1, Rim,1, Cim,2, Rim,2, of the building internal mass can be optimized by minimizing the difference between the measured cooling energy consumption and the model predicted ICEBO2006, Shenzhen, China Control Systems... parameters (Cim,1, Rim,1, Cim,2, Rim,2) constitute the chromosome of an individual, the assumed ranges of these parameters are the search space for these parameters. Initializing the four parameters produces the initial population to start a GA run...

Xu, X.; Wang, S.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Modeling the Impact of Product Portfolio on the Economic and Environmental Performance of Recycling Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

hrough the development of a general model of electronics recycling systems, the effect of product portfolio choices on economic and environmental system performance is explored. The general model encompasses the three main ...

Dahmus, Jeffrey B.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "modeling performance tidal" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

MHK Technologies/Scotrenewables Tidal Turbine SRTT | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Scotrenewables Tidal Turbine SRTT Scotrenewables Tidal Turbine SRTT < MHK Technologies Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Scotrenewables Tidal Turbine SRTT.jpg Technology Profile Primary Organization Scotrenewables Project(s) where this technology is utilized *MHK Projects/Scotrenewables EMEC Technology Resource Click here Current/Tidal Technology Type Click here Axial Flow Turbine Technology Readiness Level Click here TRL 4: Proof of Concept Technology Description The Scotrenewables Tidal Turbine (SRTT) system is a free-floating rotor-based tidal current energy converter. The concept in its present configuration involves dual counter-rotating horizontal axis rotors driving generators within sub-surface nacelles, each suspended from separate keel and rotor arm sections attached to a single surface-piercing cylindrical buoyancy tube. The device is anchored to the seabed via a yoke arrangement. A separate flexible power and control umbilical line connects the device to a subsea junction box. The rotor arm sections are hinged to allow each two-bladed rotor to be retracted so as to be parallel with the longitudinal axis of the buoyancy tube, giving the system a transport draught of less than 4.5m at full-scale to facilitate towing the device into harbors for maintenance.

242

MHK Technologies/Tidal Stream | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Stream Stream < MHK Technologies Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Tidal Stream.jpg Technology Profile Primary Organization Tidal Stream Project(s) where this technology is utilized *MHK Projects/Thames at Chiswick Technology Resource Click here Current/Tidal Technology Type Click here Axial Flow Turbine Technology Readiness Level Click here TRL 1-3: Discovery / Concept Definition / Early Stage Development & Design & Engineering Technology Description The TidalStream SST (Semi-Submersible Turbine) is designed for deep water, typically 60m+ (e.g., Pentland Firth) where it is too deep to mount turbines rigidly to the seabed and too rough for surface floaters to survive. Tidal Stream SST consists of turbines connected to unique semi-submersible spar buoys that are moored to the seabed using anchors through swing-arms. This ensures automatic alignment to the tidal flow to maximize energy capture. By blowing the water ballast, the device will rise, rotate, and float to the surface still tethered to the base to allow for on- or off-site maintenance. By releasing the tether arm the device can be towed to a harbor at the end of its life or for major repair or exchange.

243

Abstract--Eventually, prediction of transformer thermal performance for dynamic loading will be made using models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Abstract--Eventually, prediction of transformer thermal performance for dynamic loading will be made using models distilled from measure data, rather than models derived from transformer heat for measuring the acceptability of transformer thermal models. For a model to be acceptable, it must have

244

TWO NEW TIDALLY DISTORTED WHITE DWARFS  

SciTech Connect

We identify two new tidally distorted white dwarfs (WDs), SDSS J174140.49+652638.7 and J211921.96-001825.8 (hereafter J1741 and J2119). Both stars are extremely low mass (ELM, {<=} 0.2 M{sub Sun }) WDs in short-period, detached binary systems. High-speed photometric observations obtained at the McDonald Observatory reveal ellipsoidal variations and Doppler beaming in both systems; J1741, with a minimum companion mass of 1.1 M{sub Sun }, has one of the strongest Doppler beaming signals ever observed in a binary system (0.59% {+-} 0.06% amplitude). We use the observed ellipsoidal variations to constrain the radius of each WD. For J1741, the star's radius must exceed 0.074 R{sub Sun }. For J2119, the radius exceeds 0.10 R{sub Sun }. These indirect radius measurements are comparable to the radius measurements for the bloated WD companions to A-stars found by the Kepler spacecraft, and they constitute some of the largest radii inferred for any WD. Surprisingly, J1741 also appears to show a 0.23% {+-} 0.06% reflection effect, and we discuss possible sources for this excess heating. Both J1741 and J2119 are strong gravitational wave sources, and the time-of-minimum of the ellipsoidal variations can be used to detect the orbital period decay. This may be possible on a timescale of a decade or less.

Hermes, J. J.; Montgomery, M. H.; Winget, D. E. [Department of Astronomy, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX 78712 (United States); Kilic, Mukremin [Homer L. Dodge Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Oklahoma, 440 W. Brooks St., Norman, OK 73019 (United States); Brown, Warren R., E-mail: jjhermes@astro.as.utexas.edu [Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory, 60 Garden St, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States)

2012-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

245

18 Modeling high-performance HBTs D.L. Pulfrey  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

an acceptable base resistance. A short base width leads directly to an improved cut-off frequency, fT , which, when coupled with the lower base resistance, leads to an improved oscillation frequency, fmax. These consideration is also given to the incorporation of the compact model for JC into a large-signal equivalent

Pulfrey, David L.

246

Duct Thermal Performance Models for Large Commercial Buildings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy Technologies Division Indoor Environment Department Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Berkeley Secretary for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Building Technologies Program, of the U.S. Department) for his assistance in defining the duct surface heat transfer models described in the body of this report

247

Tidal Interaction as the origin of early-type dwarf galaxies in group environment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a sample of dwarf galaxies that suffer ongoing disruption by the tidal force of nearby massive galaxies. Analysing structural and stellar population properties using the archival imaging and spectroscopic data from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS), we find that they are likely a `smoking gun' example of the formation of early-type dwarf galaxies (dEs) in the galaxy group environment through the tidal stirring. Inner cores of these galaxies are fairly intact and the observed light profiles are well fitted with the Sersic functions, while the tidally stretched stellar halos are prominent in the outer parts. They are all located within the 50 kpc sky-projected distance from the center of host galaxies and no dwarf galaxies have relative line-of-sight velocity larger than 205 km/s to their hosts. We derive the Composite Stellar Population (CSP) properties these galaxies by fitting the SDSS optical spectra to a multiple-burst composite stellar population model. We find that these galaxies accumulate ...

Paudel, Sanjaya

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

A component infrastructure for performance and power modeling of parallel scientific applications  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Characterizing the performance of scientific applications is essential for effective code optimization, both by compilers and by high-level adaptive numerical algorithms. While maximizing power efficiency is becoming increasingly important in current ... Keywords: CCA, common component architecture, components, performance modeling, power modeling

Van Bui; Boyana Norris; Kevin Huck; Lois Curfman McInnes; Li Li; Oscar Hernandez; Barbara Chapman

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

Analytic Models of Workload Behavior and Pipeline Performance Mark S. Squillante  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Analytic Models of Workload Behavior and Pipeline Performance Mark S. Squillante IBM Research,sinhag@ece.neu.edu Abstract The evaluation of pipeline performance and the analysis of different design alternatives and cost process requires accurate models of both the pipeline or­ ganization and the characteristics

Kaeli, David R.

250

Probabilistic Modeling and Evaluation of the Performance, Emissions, and Cost of Texaco Gasifier-  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Probabilistic Modeling and Evaluation of the Performance, Emissions, and Cost of Texaco Gasifier.0 DOCUMENTATION OF THE PLANT PERFORMANCE SIMULATION MODEL IN ASPEN OF THE COAL-FUELED TEXACO-GASIFIER BASED IGCC to the Gasifier............................... 40 3.2.2 Gasification

Frey, H. Christopher

251

MODELING THE EFFECT OF FLOW FIELD DESIGN ON PEM FUEL CELL PERFORMANCE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MODELING THE EFFECT OF FLOW FIELD DESIGN ON PEM FUEL CELL PERFORMANCE Jeffrey Glandt, Sirivatch University of South Carolina Columbia, SC 29208 vanzee@engr.sc.edu Key words: PEM fuel cell, flow field or printed in its publications. #12;2 MODELING THE EFFECT OF FLOW FIELD DESIGN ON PEM FUEL CELL PERFORMANCE

Van Zee, John W.

252

Guilt-based handling of software performance antipatterns in palladio architectural models  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Antipatterns are conceptually similar to patterns in that they document recurring solutions to common design problems. Software performance antipatterns document common performance problems in the design as well as their solutions. The definition of ... Keywords: Architectural feedback, Palladio architectural models, Software performance antipatterns

Catia Trubiani, Anne Koziolek, Vittorio Cortellessa, Ralf Reussner

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Modeling the Logistics Performance in Developing Countries: An exploratory study of Moroccan context  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Modeling the Logistics Performance in Developing Countries: An exploratory study of Moroccan to raise their levels of logistics performance. This article is a research progress; it presents, Technological Practices, Supply Chain performance, Morocco. 1. INTRODUCTION: Logistic in Morocco is still

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

254

Seismic performance of polymer modified concretes in flexure-modelling  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Considerable research has been carried out in the recent years in the development of models to simulate the inelastic responses of reinforced concrete elements. The enhancement of ductility and the post-peak behaviour are of special interest for the seismic design of structures. Polymer modified fibre concretes are found to be ideal for seismic application with its inherent structural characteristics. An experimental investigation has been undertaken to understand the flexural behaviour of the polymer-modified fibre concrete modified with natural rubber latex. The results are compared with the response of normal strength concrete beam. Analytical modelling of the beams were carried out in a user friendly finite element software to accurately predict the monotonic behaviour of the beams which is considered to be the envelope of cyclic curve. The strains developed were found and are compared with the theoretical results.

R. Sreekala; K. Muthumani; N. Gopalakrishnan; K. Sathish Kumar; G.V. Rama Rao; Nagesh R. Iyer

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

A Linear Parabolic Trough Solar Collector Performance Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

: 1 bar (winter) Pressure in solar collection loop: 10 bar (Summer), 5 bar (winter) Pressure in main chilled water loop : 1 bar (summer) TIC TIC TIC TIC Space Thermostat May 18,06 Parabolic Solar Trough Collector: 52.44 m^2 / 4 modules... & winter) Chilled/Heat Water Storage Current Existing Future Installation Current Installation TIC TIC EIC Temperature indicator controller Energy indicator controller Fig. 1 IW solar heating and cooling system 1.3 EES Model In order to understand...

Qu, M.; Archer, D.; Masson, S.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Sensitivity of Concentrating Solar Power Trough Performance, Cost and Financing with Solar Advisor Model  

SciTech Connect

A comprehensive solar technology systems analysis model, the Solar Advisor Model (SAM) was developed to support the federal R&D community and the solar industry. This model, developed by staff at NREL and Sandia National Laboratory, is able to model the costs, finances, and performance of concentrating solar power and photovoltaics (PV). Currently, parabolic troughs and concentrating PV are the two concentrating technologies modeled within the SAM environment.

Blair, N.; Mehos, M.; Christensen, C.

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Modeling Photovoltaic and Concentrating Solar Power Trough Performance, Cost, and Financing with the Solar Advisor Model: Preprint  

SciTech Connect

A comprehensive solar technology systems analysis model, the Solar Advisor Model (SAM), has been developed to support the federal R&D community and the solar industry by staff at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) and Sandia National Laboratory. This model is able to model the finances, incentives, and performance of flat-plate photovoltaic (PV), concentrating PV, and concentrating solar power (specifically, parabolic troughs). The primary function of the model is to allow users to investigate the impact of variations in performance, cost, and financial parameters to better understand their impact on key figures of merit. Figures of merit related to the cost and performance of these systems include, but aren't limited to, system output, system efficiencies, levelized cost of energy, return on investment, and system capital and O&M costs. There are several models within SAM to model the performance of photovoltaic modules and inverters. This paper presents an overview of each PV and inverter model, introduces a new generic model, and briefly discusses the concentrating solar power (CSP) parabolic trough model. A comparison of results using the different PV and inverter models is also presented.

Blair, N.; Mehos, M.; Christensen, C.; Cameron, C.

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Accounting for the effects of rehabilitation actions on the reliability of flexible pavements: performance modeling and optimization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A performance model and a reliability-based optimization model for flexible pavements that accounts for the effects of rehabilitation actions are developed. The developed performance model can be effectively implemented in all the applications...

Deshpande, Vighnesh Prakash

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

259

Results and Comparison from the SAM Linear Fresnel Technology Performance Model: Preprint  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents the new Linear Fresnel technology performance model in NREL's System Advisor Model. The model predicts the financial and technical performance of direct-steam-generation Linear Fresnel power plants, and can be used to analyze a range of system configurations. This paper presents a brief discussion of the model formulation and motivation, and provides extensive discussion of the model performance and financial results. The Linear Fresnel technology is also compared to other concentrating solar power technologies in both qualitative and quantitative measures. The Linear Fresnel model - developed in conjunction with the Electric Power Research Institute - provides users with the ability to model a variety of solar field layouts, fossil backup configurations, thermal receiver designs, and steam generation conditions. This flexibility aims to encompass current market solutions for the DSG Linear Fresnel technology, which is seeing increasing exposure in fossil plant augmentation and stand-alone power generation applications.

Wagner, M. J.

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Development of a housing performance evaluation model for multi-family residential buildings in Korea  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents the development and application of a housing performance evaluation model for multi-family residential buildings in Korea. This model is intended to encourage initiatives toward achieving better housing performance and to support a homebuyer's decision-making on housing comparison and selection. Forty-one objective and feasible housing performance indicators, which were selected from the review of existing evaluation models and interviews with experts, are classified into a series of categories. The weights of each category and indicator are calculated by using the analytic hierarchy process (AHP) analysis, and a weight is converted into credit. Next, the performance grades are divided into four levels, and evaluation criteria are suggested based on statutory performance value or the one frequently met in practice. Finally, the evaluation program and the application procedure are established through the field case study. This model can be used for objective and practical evaluation and comparison of residential housing alternatives.

Sun-Sook Kim; In-Ho Yang; Myoung-Souk Yeo; Kwang-Woo Kim

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "modeling performance tidal" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Validated Model-Based Performance Prediction of Multi-Core Software Routers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Terms--measurement, simulation, intra-node model, re- source contention, model validation, software components. Leveraged by high flexibility and low costs of software developments in comparison with hardwareValidated Model-Based Performance Prediction of Multi-Core Software Routers Torsten Meyer1

Carle, Georg

262

Analytical Model for RF Power Performance of Deeply Scaled CMOS Devices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

predictions from the model with measured load-pull data on 45 nm CMOS devices. II. MODEL DESCRIPTION The power by the load resistor. Fig. 1: Circuit diagram of a reduced conduction angle RF power amplifier. Fig. 2Analytical Model for RF Power Performance of Deeply Scaled CMOS Devices Usha Gogineni1 , JesĂşs del

del Alamo, JesĂşs A.

263

A Simulation Model for the Performance Evaluation for Migrating a Legacy Paulo Pinheiro da Silva  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Simulation Model for the Performance Evaluation for Migrating a Legacy System Paulo Pinheiro da a simulation model using CAPPLES. Peculiarities of the legacy system migration that affects the simulation of perfor- mance evaluation during migration. CAPPLES is based on simulation models. Indeed, analytical

Pinheiro da Silva, Paulo

264

MHK Technologies/Rotech Tidal Turbine RTT | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Rotech Tidal Turbine RTT Rotech Tidal Turbine RTT < MHK Technologies Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Rotech Tidal Turbine RTT.jpg Technology Profile Primary Organization Lunar Energy Project(s) where this technology is utilized *MHK Projects/Lunar Energy St David s Peninsula Pembrokeshire South Wales UK *MHK Projects/Lunar Energy Wando Hoenggan Waterway South Korea Technology Resource Click here Current/Tidal Technology Type Click here Axial Flow Turbine Technology Readiness Level Click here TRL 5/6: System Integration and Technology Laboratory Demonstration Technology Description he Rotech Tidal Turbine (RTT) is a bi-directional horizontal axis turbine housed in a symmetrical venturi duct. The Venturi duct draws the existing ocean currents into the RTT in order to capture and convert energy into electricity. Use of a gravity foundation will allow the RTT to be deployed quickly with little or no seabed preparation at depths in excess of 40 meters. This gives the RTT a distinct advantage over most of its competitors and opens up a potential energy resource that is five times the size of that available to companies using pile foundations.

265

MHK Technologies/KESC Tidal Generator | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

KESC Tidal Generator KESC Tidal Generator < MHK Technologies Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage KESC Tidal Generator.jpg Technology Profile Primary Organization Kinetic Energy Systems Project(s) where this technology is utilized *MHK Projects/Newfound Harbor Project Technology Resource Click here Current/Tidal Technology Type Click here Axial Flow Turbine Technology Readiness Level Click here TRL 1-3: Discovery / Concept Definition / Early Stage Development & Design & Engineering Technology Description The Tidal Generator is based on free flow hydrodynamics for regions that have flood and ebb tides. Strategically attached to bridges, pilings, river, channel, or sea bottoms, this multi-directional generator contains two sets of turbine blades. As the tide flows inward the inward turbine blades opens to maximum rotor diameter while the outward turbine closes into the outward cone-shaped hub to create a hydro dynamically clean surface for water to flow without drag. The center diameter is 75% of the diameter of the turbine blades at full rotor extension for stability.

266

Smart Grid Cybersecurity: Job Performance Model Report and Phase 1 Overview  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Cybersecurity: Job Performance Model Report and Phase 1 Cybersecurity: Job Performance Model Report and Phase 1 Overview (August 2012) Smart Grid Cybersecurity: Job Performance Model Report and Phase 1 Overview (August 2012) In the spring of 2011, the U.S. Department of Energy awarded a project to Pacific Northwest National Laboratory in partnership with the National Board of Information Security Examiners to develop a set of guidelines to enhance development of the smart grid cybersecurity workforce and provide a foundation for future certifications. The project has three phases. The first phase produced an exploratory Job Performance Model based on a factor analysis of responses to a multi-page survey, the Job Analysis Questionnaire (JAQ). The second phase of the project will seek to validate the exploratory model in laboratory simulation studies of a small group of

267

SEEN AND UNSEEN TIDAL CAUSTICS IN THE ANDROMEDA GALAXY  

SciTech Connect

Indirect detection of high-energy particles from dark matter interactions is a promising avenue for learning more about dark matter, but is hampered by the frequent coincidence of high-energy astrophysical sources of such particles with putative high-density regions of dark matter. We calculate the boost factor and gamma-ray flux from dark matter associated with two shell-like caustics of luminous tidal debris recently discovered around the Andromeda galaxy, under the assumption that dark matter is its own supersymmetric antiparticle. These shell features could be a good candidate for indirect detection of dark matter via gamma rays because they are located far from the primary confusion sources at the galaxy's center, and because the shapes of the shells indicate that most of the mass has piled up near the apocenter. Using a numerical estimator specifically calibrated to estimate densities in N-body representations with sharp features and a previously determined N-body model of the shells, we find that the largest boost factors do occur in the shells but are only a few percent. We also find that the gamma-ray flux is an order of magnitude too low to be detected with Fermi for likely dark matter parameters, and about two orders of magnitude less than the signal that would have come from the dwarf galaxy that produces the shells in the N-body model. We further show that the radial density profiles and relative radial spacing of the shells, in either dark or luminous matter, is relatively insensitive to the details of the potential of the host galaxy but depends in a predictable way on the velocity dispersion of the progenitor galaxy.

Sanderson, R. E.; Bertschinger, E., E-mail: robyn@mit.ed [MIT Department of Physics and Kavli Institute for Space Research, Cambridge, MA 02139 (United States)

2010-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

268

MHK Technologies/Tidal Hydraulic Generators THG | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Generators THG Generators THG < MHK Technologies Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Tidal Hydraulic Generators THG.jpg Technology Profile Primary Organization Tidal Hydraulic Generators Ltd Project(s) where this technology is utilized *MHK Projects/Ramsey Sound Technology Resource Click here Current/Tidal Technology Type Click here Axial Flow Turbine Technology Readiness Level Click here TRL 1-3: Discovery / Concept Definition / Early Stage Development & Design & Engineering Technology Description The concept of generating energy in this way is made unique by our novel design feature. The generator, devised in 1998, is a hydraulic accumulator system, involving relatively small revolving blades which gather power to a central collector, where electricity is generated. The generator, which is situated under water, is 80 metres square, stands at 15 metres high, and is designed to run for a minimum of ten years without service.

269

MHK Technologies/Tidal Delay | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Delay Delay < MHK Technologies Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Tidal Delay.png Technology Profile Primary Organization Woodshed Technologies Ltd Technology Resource Click here Current Technology Type Click here Overtopping Technology Readiness Level Click here TRL 1 3 Discovery Concept Def Early Stage Dev Design Engineering Technology Description The Tidal Delay utilizes an existing natural land formation such as a peninsula or isthmus that creates a natural tidal barrier separating moving rising and falling bodies of seawater As the seawater on each side of the natural barrier rises and falls the device captures the energy resulting from the difference in water levels across the barrier using proven hydroelectric technology The device utilizes a standard impulse turbine installed in siphon pipe over under the natural barrier

270

Thermal mass performance in residential construction : an energy analysis using a cube model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Given the pervasiveness of energy efficiency concerns in the built environment, this research aims to answer key questions regarding the performance of thermal mass construction. The work presents the Cube Model, a simplified ...

Ledwith, Alison C. (Alison Catherine)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

High-performance Earth system modeling with NASA/GSFC’s Land Information System  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Land Information System software (LIS; http://lis.gsfc.nasa.gov/, 2006) has been developed to support high-performance land surface modeling and data assimilation. LIS integrates parallel and distributed comp...

C. D. Peters-Lidard; P. R. Houser; Y. Tian…

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Structural Models and Endogeneity in Corporate Finance: The Link Between Managerial Ownership and Corporate Performance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents a parsimonious, structural model that isolates primary economic determinants of the level and dispersion of managerial ownership, firm scale, and performance and the empirical associations among them. ...

Coles, Jeffrey L.; Lemmon, Michael L.; Meschke, Felix

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Model studies to investigate the effects of fixed streamlines on water flooding performance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MODEL STUDIES TO INVESTIGATE THE EFFECTS OF FIXED STREAMLINES ON WATER FLOODING PERFORMANCE A Thesis by Axel Venton Green Submitted to the Graduate College of the Texas ASrM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements...

Green, Axel Venton

1964-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Testing Linear Diagnostics of Ensemble Performance on a Simplified Global Circulation Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ensemble weather forecast systems are used to account for the uncertainty in the initial conditions of the atmosphere and the chaotic dynamics of the models. It has been previously found that forecast performance of an ensemble forecast system...

Nelson, Ethan

2011-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

275

Modeling of Performance, Cost, and Financing of Concentrating Solar, Photovoltaic, and Solar Heat Systems (Poster)  

SciTech Connect

This poster, submitted for the CU Energy Initiative/NREL Symposium on October 3, 2006 in Boulder, Colorado, discusses the modeling, performance, cost, and financing of concentrating solar, photovoltaic, and solar heat systems.

Blair, N.; Mehos, M.; Christiansen, C.

2006-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

276

Systems, methods and computer-readable media for modeling cell performance fade of rechargeable electrochemical devices  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A system includes an electrochemical cell, monitoring hardware, and a computing system. The monitoring hardware periodically samples performance characteristics of the electrochemical cell. The computing system determines cell information from the performance characteristics of the electrochemical cell. The computing system also develops a mechanistic level model of the electrochemical cell to determine performance fade characteristics of the electrochemical cell and analyzing the mechanistic level model to estimate performance fade characteristics over aging of a similar electrochemical cell. The mechanistic level model uses first constant-current pulses applied to the electrochemical cell at a first aging period and at three or more current values bracketing a first exchange current density. The mechanistic level model also is based on second constant-current pulses applied to the electrochemical cell at a second aging period and at three or more current values bracketing the second exchange current density.

Gering, Kevin L

2013-08-27T23:59:59.000Z

277

Nonlinear time-domain performance model for a wave energy converter...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Time-Domain Performance Model for a Wave Energy Converter in Three Dimensions Ryan G. Coe and Diana L. Bull Water Power Technologies Sandia National Labs Albuquerque, NM 87185-1124...

278

THE TIDAL ORIGIN OF THE MAGELLANIC STREAM AND THE POSSIBILITY OF A STELLAR COUNTERPART  

SciTech Connect

We present an N-body model that reproduces the morphology and kinematics of the Magellanic Stream (MS), a vast neutral hydrogen (H I) structure that trails behind the Large and Small Magellanic Clouds (LMC and SMC, respectively) in their orbit about the Milky Way (MW). After investigating 8 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 6} possible orbits consistent with the latest proper motions, we adopt an orbital history in which the LMC and SMC have only recently become a strongly interacting binary pair. We find that their first close encounter {approx}2 Gyr ago provides the necessary tidal forces to disrupt the disk of the SMC and thereby create the MS. The model also reproduces the on-sky bifurcation of the two filaments of the MS, and we suggest that a bound association with the MW is required to reproduce the bifurcation. Additional H I structures are created during the tidal evolution of the SMC disk, including the Magellanic Bridge, the 'Counter-Bridge', and two branches of leading material. Insights into the chemical evolution of the LMC are also provided, as a substantial fraction of the material stripped away from the SMC is engulfed by the LMC. Lastly, we compare three different N-body realizations of the stellar component of the SMC, which we model as a pressure-supported spheroid motivated by recent kinematical observations. We find that an extended spheroid is better able to explain the stellar periphery of the SMC, and the tidal evolution of the spheroid may imply the existence of a stellar stream akin to the gaseous MS.

Diaz, Jonathan D.; Bekki, Kenji, E-mail: jdiaz@ast.cam.ac.uk [ICRAR, M468, University of Western Australia, 35 Stirling Highway, Crawley, Western Australia, 6009 (Australia)

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Earth Tidal Analysis At Marysville Mountain Geothermal Area (1984) | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Mountain Geothermal Area (1984) Mountain Geothermal Area (1984) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Earth Tidal Analysis At Marysville Mountain Geothermal Area (1984) Exploration Activity Details Location Marysville Mountain Geothermal Area Exploration Technique Earth Tidal Analysis Activity Date 1984 Usefulness useful DOE-funding Unknown Exploration Basis Determine porosity of the reservoir Notes The response of a confined, areally infinite aquifer to external loads imposed by earth tides is examined. Because the gravitational influence of celestial objects occurs over large areas of the earth, the confined aquifer is assumed to respond in an undrained fashion. Since undrained response is controlled by water compressibility, earth tide response can be

280

MHK Projects/Kendall Head Tidal Energy | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kendall Head Tidal Energy Kendall Head Tidal Energy < MHK Projects Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"500px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"File:Aquamarine-marker.png","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[]}

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "modeling performance tidal" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

MHK Technologies/Tidal Barrage | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Barrage Barrage < MHK Technologies Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Tidal Barrage.jpg Technology Profile Technology Resource Click here Current Technology Type Click here Cross Flow Turbine Technology Readiness Level Click here TRL 1 3 Discovery Concept Def Early Stage Dev Design Engineering Technology Description No information provided Technology Dimensions Device Testing Date Submitted 01:04.7 << Return to the MHK database homepage Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=MHK_Technologies/Tidal_Barrage&oldid=681672" Category: Marine and Hydrokinetic Technologies What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version Permanent link Browse properties 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load)

282

Laboratory Analysis of Vortex Dynamics For Shallow Tidal Inlets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LABORATORY ANALYSIS OF VORTEX DYNAMICS FOR SHALLOW TIDAL INLETS A Thesis by KERRI ANN WHILDEN Submitted to the O ce of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial ful llment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 2009... Major Subject: Ocean Engineering LABORATORY ANALYSIS OF VORTEX DYNAMICS FOR SHALLOW TIDAL INLETS A Thesis by KERRI ANN WHILDEN Submitted to the O ce of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial ful llment of the requirements for the degree...

Whilden, Kerri Ann

2010-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

283

MHK Technologies/Tidal Turbine | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Turbine Turbine < MHK Technologies Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Tidal Turbine.jpg Technology Profile Primary Organization Aquascientific Project(s) where this technology is utilized *MHK Projects/Race Rocks Demonstration Technology Resource Click here Current/Tidal Technology Type Click here Cross Flow Turbine Technology Readiness Level Click here TRL 5/6: System Integration and Technology Laboratory Demonstration Technology Description Turbine is positioned by anchoring and cabling Energy extraction from flow that is transverse to the rotation axis Turbines utilize both lift and drag Mooring Configuration Gravity base although other options are currently being explored Technology Dimensions Device Testing Date Submitted 10/8/2010

284

New Interactive Map Reveals U.S. Tidal Energy Resources | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Interactive Map Reveals U.S. Tidal Energy Resources Interactive Map Reveals U.S. Tidal Energy Resources New Interactive Map Reveals U.S. Tidal Energy Resources July 7, 2011 - 10:50am Addthis A map generated by Georgia Tech's tidal energy resource database shows mean current speed of tidal streams | Source: Georgia Institute of Technology A map generated by Georgia Tech's tidal energy resource database shows mean current speed of tidal streams | Source: Georgia Institute of Technology Mike Reed Water Power Program Manager, Water Power Program Tidal energy -- a renewable, predictable resource available up and down America's coastlines -- holds great promise for clean energy generation. And now, a first of its kind database gives researchers deeper insight into the potential of this energy resource for the United States.

285

Tidal Deposits of the Campanian Western Interior Seaway, Wyoming, Utah and Colorado, USA  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The large-scale effects of tidal waves entering the Cretaceous Western Interior Seaway from the Gulf of Mexico ... southwestern margin of the seaway, in Utah, Colorado and Wyoming are documented. Tidal currents d...

Ronald J. Steel; Piret Plink-Bjorklund…

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Assessment of Projected Life-Cycle Costs for Wave, Tidal, Ocean...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Assessment of Projected Life-Cycle Costs for Wave, Tidal, Ocean Current, and In-Stream Hydrokinetic Power Assessment of Projected Life-Cycle Costs for Wave, Tidal, Ocean Current,...

287

Assessment of Energy Production Potential from Tidal Streams in the United States  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The project documented in this report created a national database of tidal stream energy potential, as well as a GIS tool usable by industry in order to accelerate the market for tidal energy conversion technology.

288

DC Connected Hybrid Offshore-Wind and Tidal Turbine Generation System  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

“Hybrid Offshore-wind and Tidal Turbine” (HOTT) generation system (Rahman and ... interconnecting method for a DC side cluster of wind and tidal turbine generators system are proposed. This method can be achieved...

Mohammad Lutfur Rahman; Yasuyuki Shirai

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Simulation of heavy oil reservoir performance using a non-Newtonian flow model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SIMULATION OF HEAVY OIL RESERVOIR PERFORMANCE USING A NON-NEWTONIAN FLOW MODEL A Thesis by GENE MASAO NARAHARA Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas AILM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER... OF SCIENCE December 1983 Major Subject: Petroleum Engineering SIMULATION OF HEAVY OIL RESERVOIR PERFORMANCE USING A NON-NEWTONIAN FLOW MODEL A Thesis by GENE MASAO NARAHARA Approved as to style and content by: lng . U an of Committee) R. . Morse...

Narahara, Gene Masao

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Genetic icing effects on forward flight performance of a model helicopter rotor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

GENERIC ICING EFFECTS ON FORWARD FLIGHT PERFORMANCE OF A MODEL HELICOPTER ROTOR A Thesis ANA FIORELLA TINETTI-SANCHEZ Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1987 Major Subject: Aerospace Engineering GENERIC ICING EFFECTS ON FORWARD FLIGHT PERFORMANCE OF A MODEL HELICOPTER ROTOR A Thesis by ANA FIORELLA TINETTI-SANCHEZ Approved as to style and content by: Kenneth D. Korkan...

Tinetti-Sanchez, Ana Fiorella

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

291

Development of a High-Performance Office Building Simulation Model for a Hot and Humid Climate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to the field measured data and was presented in the previous publication (Cho and Haberl, 2008a). The calibrated simulation model was further extended to an ASHRAE 90.1 code-compliant model, which was used as the baseline model for the development of a... high-performance (energy-efficient) model. However, the code-compliant model did not use the as-built building geometry of the JBC building; rather, it used a simplified geometry. The simplified- geometry, code-compliant simulation model...

Cho, S.; Haberl, J.

292

Effects of the Training Dataset Characteristics on the Performance of Nine Species Distribution Models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Effects of the Training Dataset Characteristics on the Performance of Nine Species Distribution species need to be fitted to a training dataset before practical use. The training dataset of this paper is to study the effect of the training dataset characteristics on model performance and to compare

KratochvĂ­l, Lukas

293

TIDAL HEATING OF EXTRASOLAR PLANETS Brian Jackson, Richard Greenberg, and Rory Barnes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

TIDAL HEATING OF EXTRASOLAR PLANETS Brian Jackson, Richard Greenberg, and Rory Barnes Lunar and gas cleared away, and as the orbits evolved there was substantial tidal heating within the planets. The tidal heating history of each planet may have contributed significantly to the thermal budget governing

Barnes, Rory

294

Performance Evaluation of Adaptive Ramp-Metering Algorithms Using Microscopic Traffic Simulation Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to implementation on the target freeway network. In this paper, a capability-enhanced PARAMICS simulation model has evaluation; Simulation models; Algorithms. Introduction Ramp metering has been recognized as an effectivePerformance Evaluation of Adaptive Ramp-Metering Algorithms Using Microscopic Traffic Simulation

Levinson, David M.

295

Performance Modeling and Optimization of a High Energy CollidingBeam Simulation Code  

SciTech Connect

An accurate modeling of the beam-beam interaction is essential to maximizing the luminosity in existing and future colliders. BeamBeam3D was the first parallel code that can be used to study this interaction fully self-consistently on high-performance computing platforms. Various all-to-all personalized communication (AAPC) algorithms dominate its communication patterns, for which we developed a sequence of performance models using a series of micro-benchmarks. We find that for SMP based systems the most important performance constraint is node-adapter contention, while for 3D-Torus topologies good performance models are not possible without considering link contention. The best average model prediction error is very low on SMP based systems with of 3% to 7%. On torus based systems errors of 29% are higher but optimized performance can again be predicted within 8% in some cases. These excellent results across five different systems indicate that this methodology for performance modeling can be applied to a large class of algorithms.

Shan, Hongzhang; Strohmaier, Erich; Qiang, Ji; Bailey, David H.; Yelick, Kathy

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

A Distributed Electrochemistry Modeling Tool for Simulating SOFC Performance and Degradation  

SciTech Connect

This report presents a distributed electrochemistry (DEC) model capable of investigating the electrochemistry and local conditions with the SOFC MEA based on the local microstructure and multi-physics. The DEC model can calculate the global current-voltage (I-V) performance of the cell as determined by the spatially varying local conditions through the thickness of the electrodes and electrolyte. The simulation tool is able to investigate the electrochemical performance based on characteristics of the electrode microstructure, such as particle size, pore size, electrolyte and electrode phase volume fractions, and triple-phase-boundary length. It can also investigate performance as affected by fuel and oxidant gas flow distributions and other environmental/experimental conditions such as temperature and fuel gas composition. The long-term objective for the DEC modeling tool is to investigate factors that cause electrode degradation and the decay of SOFC performance which decrease longevity.

Recknagle, Kurtis P.; Ryan, Emily M.; Khaleel, Mohammad A.

2011-10-13T23:59:59.000Z

297

Systems, methods and computer-readable media to model kinetic performance of rechargeable electrochemical devices  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A system includes an electrochemical cell, monitoring hardware, and a computing system. The monitoring hardware samples performance characteristics of the electrochemical cell. The computing system determines cell information from the performance characteristics. The computing system also analyzes the cell information of the electrochemical cell with a Butler-Volmer (BV) expression modified to determine exchange current density of the electrochemical cell by including kinetic performance information related to pulse-time dependence, electrode surface availability, or a combination thereof. A set of sigmoid-based expressions may be included with the modified-BV expression to determine kinetic performance as a function of pulse time. The determined exchange current density may be used with the modified-BV expression, with or without the sigmoid expressions, to analyze other characteristics of the electrochemical cell. Model parameters can be defined in terms of cell aging, making the overall kinetics model amenable to predictive estimates of cell kinetic performance along the aging timeline.

Gering, Kevin L.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

User's Manual for Data for Validating Models for PV Module Performance  

SciTech Connect

This user's manual describes performance data measured for flat-plate photovoltaic (PV) modules installed in Cocoa, Florida, Eugene, Oregon, and Golden, Colorado. The data include PV module current-voltage curves and associated meteorological data for approximately one-year periods. These publicly available data are intended to facilitate the validation of existing models for predicting the performance of PV modules, and for the development of new and improved models. For comparing different modeling approaches, using these public data will provide transparency and more meaningful comparisons of the relative benefits.

Marion, W.; Anderberg, A.; Deline, C.; Glick, S.; Muller, M.; Perrin, G.; Rodriguez, J.; Rummel, S.; Terwilliger, K.; Silverman, T. J.

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Training Quench Performance and Quench Location of the Short Superconducting Dipole Models for the LHC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The short model program, started in October 1995 to study and validate design variants and assembly of the main LHC dipoles, has achieved its last phase. The last models were focused on the validation of specific design choices to be implemented in the series production, and to the study of the training performance of the coil heads. This paper reports on the manufacturing features of the recent twin-aperture short models, reviews the results of the cold tests and presents a summary of the training quench performance and quench location.

Sanfilippo, S; Tommasini, D; Venturini-Delsolaro, W

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Grid Reliability Performance Metrics Using Phasor Data and Model-less Algorithms,  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Reliability Performance Metrics Using Reliability Performance Metrics Using Phasor Data and Model-less Algorithms, Prototype Development and Field Test Carlos Martinez - Advanced Systems Researchers (ASR) cmartinez@asresearchers.com June 27-28 2013 Washington, DC DOE/OE Transmission Reliability Program 2 Project Objective LOAD-GENERATION CONTROL RELIABILITY PERFORMANCE REALTIME MONITORING GRID RELIABILITY PERFORMANCE PHASOR BASED AND MODELESS REALTIME MONITORING RESEARCH, PROTOTYPE AND FIELD TEST ALL APPLICATIONS IN PRODUCTION PROJECT OBJECTIVES 3 Project Analytics Approach 4 Accomplishments to be Completed in FY 2013 * Deliver to MISO the Extended Prototype Functional Specification * Complete Research, Test and Validation of Grid Post- Disturbance Reliability Metrics

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "modeling performance tidal" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Modeling and performance of a single-electron-beam two-FEL system  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The use of a single electron beam to power a master oscillator and power amplifier was demonstrated in the Rocketdyne/Stanford experiment. This article concentrates on the performance of the downstream element under the assumption of higher performance upstream elements such as might be possible for the high-brightness systems being developed in the Los Alamos and Rocketdyne/Duke programs. The modeling covers the performance of the initial high-extraction efficiency system, the filtering, transport, and refocusing of electrons into a second wiggler, and the performance of the second system. The Rocketdyne 3D simulation code FELOPT was used in the FEL calculations.

Ralph A. Cover

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Enhancing Electrical Supply by Pumped Storage in Tidal Lagoons  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

/3/07 Summary The principle that the net energy delivered by a tidal pool can be increased by pumping extra water into the pool at high tide or by pumping extra water out of the pool at low tide is well known pumping and generating worsens the intermittency­of­supply problem from which simple tide pools suf­ fer

MacKay, David J.C.

303

Tidal flow over threedimensional topography generates outofforcingplane harmonics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the barotropic tide [Munk and Wunsch, 1998; Egbert and Ray, 2000]. The transfer of this barotropic energy from energy conversion from the barotropic to the baroclinic tide. The generation of internal waves by tidal circulation is maintained by roughly 2 TW of mixing energy, about half of which is extracted from

Texas at Austin. University of

304

LOFT as a discovery machine for jetted Tidal Disruption Events  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This is a White Paper in support of the mission concept of the Large Observatory for X-ray Timing (LOFT), proposed as a medium-sized ESA mission. We discuss the potential of LOFT for the study of jetted tidal disruption events. For a summary, we refer to the paper.

Rossi, E M; Fender, R; Jonker, P; Komossa, S; Paragi, Z; Prandoni, I; Zampieri, L

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Heartbeat Stars and the Ringing of Tidal Pulsations Kelly Hambleton  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Heartbeat Stars and the Ringing of Tidal Pulsations Kelly Hambleton Andrej Prsa, Don Kurtz, Jim Fuller, Susan Thompson University of Central Lancashire kmhambleton@uclan.ac.uk March 27, 2014 Kelly 3 Summary Conclusions Future Work Kelly Hambleton (UCLan) Heartbeat Stars March 27, 2014 2 / 33 #12

Â?umer, Slobodan

306

Pasture and Soil Management Following Tidal Saltwater Intrusion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

When land is flooded by saltwater, as after a hurricane tidal surge, it can long-term effects on soil productivity and fertility. This publication explains how to reclaim flooded pasture land. Having soil tested for salinity is an important step....

Provin, Tony; Redmon, Larry; McFarland, Mark L.; Feagley, Sam E.

2009-05-26T23:59:59.000Z

307

Sandia National Laboratories: Reference Model Project  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

is a partnered effort to develop marine hydrokinetic (MHK) reference models (RMs) for wave energy converters and tidal, ocean, and river current energy converters. The RMP team...

308

Observational Learning of a Bimanual Coordination Task: Understanding Movement Feature Extraction, Model Performance Level, and Perspective Angle  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

offset between the two hands. Video recordings of two models practicing over three days were used to make three videos for the study; an expert performance, discovery performance, and instruction performance video. The discovery video portrayed a decrease...

Dean, Noah J.

2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

309

Methodology for Constructing Reduced-Order Power Block Performance Models for CSP Applications: Preprint  

SciTech Connect

The inherent variability of the solar resource presents a unique challenge for CSP systems. Incident solar irradiation can fluctuate widely over a short time scale, but plant performance must be assessed for long time periods. As a result, annual simulations with hourly (or sub-hourly) timesteps are the norm in CSP analysis. A highly detailed power cycle model provides accuracy but tends to suffer from prohibitively long run-times; alternatively, simplified empirical models can run quickly but don?t always provide enough information, accuracy, or flexibility for the modeler. The ideal model for feasibility-level analysis incorporates both the detail and accuracy of a first-principle model with the low computational load of a regression model. The work presented in this paper proposes a methodology for organizing and extracting information from the performance output of a detailed model, then using it to develop a flexible reduced-order regression model in a systematic and structured way. A similar but less generalized approach for characterizing power cycle performance and a reduced-order modeling methodology for CFD analysis of heat transfer from electronic devices have been presented. This paper builds on these publications and the non-dimensional approach originally described.

Wagner, M.

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

A Comparison of HCCI Engine Performance Data and Kinetic Modeling Results over a Wide Rangeof Gasoline Range Surrogate Fuel Blends  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Kinetic models of fuels are needed to allow the simulation of engine performance for research, design, or verification purposes.

311

Sediment rarefaction resuspension and contaminant release under tidal curren- ts  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Based on experiment in tidal flume, this paper analyzes the sediment rarefactive phenomenon and hydraulic characteristics of sediment resuspension with different physical properties under the effect of tidal current. According to this experiment, sediment resuspension is related to the hydraulic characteristics of overlying water and its own dry density, namely the moisture content of sediment and deposition time. Generally, river sediment can be classified into the upper layer of floating sludge and lower layer of deposit sediment. Incipient velocity goes higher as the sediment layer goes thicker. Based on the experiment, incipient velocity formula of sediment can be obtained. There is a cohesive force among natural fine sediment whose resuspension is almost irrelevant to their diameters. Therefore, the critical incipient velocity is determined by the cohesive force instead of particle diameter. The lower layer of deposit sediment is generally not so easy to start up. And it will be rarified and release into the overlying water when contacting with overlying water. However, this rarefaction release velocity is gentle and slow. Under the same flow condition, annual loss amount of lower layer deposited sediment is about one fifth of upper layer of floating sediment. Flow velocity of tidal river and variation of the water level are asymmetrical, both of which vary under different tidal cycles. During long tidal cycle, flow velocity and water level change in the same phase and amplitude with tide. During the whole ebb and flow, flow direction does not change as the water level goes under the influence of acceleration and deceleration. As the tide cycle increases, the incipient velocity of sediment goes higher. This means that the long period tide cycle plays buffer effect on the resuspension of sediment, which makes the sediment not so easy both to start up and to suspend.

Peng-da CHENG; Hong-wei ZHU; Bao-chang ZHONG; Dao-zeng WANG

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Advanced modeling and simulation to design and manufacture high performance and reliable advanced microelectronics and microsystems.  

SciTech Connect

An interdisciplinary team of scientists and engineers having broad expertise in materials processing and properties, materials characterization, and computational mechanics was assembled to develop science-based modeling/simulation technology to design and reproducibly manufacture high performance and reliable, complex microelectronics and microsystems. The team's efforts focused on defining and developing a science-based infrastructure to enable predictive compaction, sintering, stress, and thermomechanical modeling in ''real systems'', including: (1) developing techniques to and determining materials properties and constitutive behavior required for modeling; (2) developing new, improved/updated models and modeling capabilities, (3) ensuring that models are representative of the physical phenomena being simulated; and (4) assessing existing modeling capabilities to identify advances necessary to facilitate the practical application of Sandia's predictive modeling technology.

Nettleship, Ian (University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA); Hinklin, Thomas; Holcomb, David Joseph; Tandon, Rajan; Arguello, Jose Guadalupe, Jr. (,; .); Dempsey, James Franklin; Ewsuk, Kevin Gregory; Neilsen, Michael K.; Lanagan, Michael (Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA)

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Development of a Model Specification for Performance MonitoringSystems for Commercial Buildings  

SciTech Connect

The paper describes the development of a model specification for performance monitoring systems for commercial buildings. The specification focuses on four key aspects of performance monitoring: (1) performance metrics; (2) measurement system requirements; (3) data acquisition and archiving; and (4) data visualization and reporting. The aim is to assist building owners in specifying the extensions to their control systems that are required to provide building operators with the information needed to operate their buildings more efficiently and to provide automated diagnostic tools with the information required to detect and diagnose faults and problems that degrade energy performance. The paper reviews the potential benefits of performance monitoring, describes the specification guide and discusses briefly the ways in which it could be implemented. A prototype advanced visualization tool is also described, along with its application to performance monitoring. The paper concludes with a description of the ways in which the specification and the visualization tool are being disseminated and deployed.

Haves, Philip; Hitchcock, Robert J.; Gillespie, Kenneth L.; Brook, Martha; Shockman, Christine; Deringer, Joseph J.; Kinney,Kristopher L.

2006-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Peer review presentation on systems performance modeling and solar advisor support.  

SciTech Connect

Accurate Performance Models are Critical to Project Development and Technology Evaluation - Accuracy and Uncertainty of Commonly-Used Models Unknown and Models Disagree. A Model Evaluation Process Has Been Developed with Industry, and High-Quality Weather and System Performance Data Sets Have Been Collected: (1) Evaluation is Underway using Residual Analysis of Hourly and Sub-Hourly Data for Clear and Diffuse Climates to Evaluate and Improve Models; and (2) Initial Results Have Been or Will Soon Be Presented at Key Conferences. Evaluation of Widely-Used Module, Inverter, and Irradiance Models, Including Those in SAM, PVWatts, and PVSyst, Will Be Completed This Year. Stochastic Modeling Has Been Performed to Support Reliability Task and Will Add Value to Parametric Analysis. An Industry Workshop will be Held This Fall To Review Results, Set Priorities. Support and Analysis has been Provided for TPP's, SETP, and PV Community. Goals for Future Work Include: (1) Improving Understanding of and Validating System Derate Factors; and (2) Developing a Dynamic Electrical Model of Arrays with Shaded or Mismatched Modules to Support Transient Analysis of Large Fields.

Cameron, Christopher P.

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

NGC 4656UV: A UV-SELECTED TIDAL DWARF GALAXY CANDIDATE  

SciTech Connect

We report the discovery of a UV-bright tidal dwarf galaxy (TDG) candidate in the NGC 4631/4656 galaxy group, which we designate NGC 4656UV. Using survey and archival data spanning from 1.4 GHz to the ultraviolet, we investigate the gas kinematics and stellar properties of this system. The H I morphologies of NGC 4656UV and its parent galaxy NGC 4656 are extremely disturbed, with significant amounts of counterrotating and extraplanar gas. From UV-FIR photometry, computed using a new method to correct for surface gradients on faint objects, we find that NGC 4656UV has no significant dust opacity and a blue spectral energy distribution. We compute a star formation rate of 0.027 M{sub Sun} yr{sup -1} from the far-ultraviolet flux and measure a total H I mass of 3.8 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 8} M{sub Sun} for the object. Evolutionary synthesis modeling indicates that NGC 4656UV is a low-metallicity system whose only major burst of star formation occurred within the last {approx}260-290 Myr. The age of the stellar population is consistent with a rough timescale for a recent tidal interaction between NGC 4656 and NGC 4631, although we discuss the true nature of the object-whether it is tidal or pre-existing in origin-in the context of its metallicity being a factor of 10 lower than its parent galaxy. We estimate that NGC 4656UV is either marginally bound or unbound. If bound, it contains relatively low amounts of dark matter. The abundance of archival data allows for a deeper investigation into this dynamic system than is currently possible for most TDG candidates.

Schechtman-Rook, Andrew; Hess, Kelley M., E-mail: andrew@astro.wisc.edu, E-mail: hess@ast.uct.ac.za [Department of Astronomy, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 475 North Charter Street, Madison, WI 53706 (United States)

2012-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

316

Tapping into Wave and Tidal Ocean Power: 15% Water Power by 2030 |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Tapping into Wave and Tidal Ocean Power: 15% Water Power by 2030 Tapping into Wave and Tidal Ocean Power: 15% Water Power by 2030 Tapping into Wave and Tidal Ocean Power: 15% Water Power by 2030 January 27, 2012 - 11:30am Addthis A map generated by Georgia Tech's tidal energy resource database shows mean current speed of tidal streams. The East Coast, as shown above, has strong tides that could be tapped to produce energy. | Photo courtesy of Georgia Institute of Technology A map generated by Georgia Tech's tidal energy resource database shows mean current speed of tidal streams. The East Coast, as shown above, has strong tides that could be tapped to produce energy. | Photo courtesy of Georgia Institute of Technology Hoyt Battey Water Power Market Acceleration and Deployment Team Lead, Wind and Water Power Program

317

Nuclear Energy Advanced Modeling and Simulation Waste Integrated Performance and Safety Codes (NEAMS Waste IPSC).  

SciTech Connect

The objective of the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Nuclear Energy Advanced Modeling and Simulation Waste Integrated Performance and Safety Codes (NEAMS Waste IPSC) is to provide an integrated suite of computational modeling and simulation (M&S) capabilities to quantitatively assess the long-term performance of waste forms in the engineered and geologic environments of a radioactive-waste storage facility or disposal repository. Achieving the objective of modeling the performance of a disposal scenario requires describing processes involved in waste form degradation and radionuclide release at the subcontinuum scale, beginning with mechanistic descriptions of chemical reactions and chemical kinetics at the atomic scale, and upscaling into effective, validated constitutive models for input to high-fidelity continuum scale codes for coupled multiphysics simulations of release and transport. Verification and validation (V&V) is required throughout the system to establish evidence-based metrics for the level of confidence in M&S codes and capabilities, including at the subcontiunuum scale and the constitutive models they inform or generate. This Report outlines the nature of the V&V challenge at the subcontinuum scale, an approach to incorporate V&V concepts into subcontinuum scale modeling and simulation (M&S), and a plan to incrementally incorporate effective V&V into subcontinuum scale M&S destined for use in the NEAMS Waste IPSC work flow to meet requirements of quantitative confidence in the constitutive models informed by subcontinuum scale phenomena.

Schultz, Peter Andrew

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Empirical Performance Model-Driven Data Layout Optimization and Library Call Selection for Tensor Contraction Expressions  

SciTech Connect

Empirical optimizers like ATLAS have been very effective in optimizing computational kernels in libraries. The best choice of parameters such as tile size and degree of loop unrolling is determined by executing different versions of the computation. In contrast, optimizing compilers use a model-driven approach to program transformation. While the model-driven approach of optimizing compilers is generally orders of magnitude faster than ATLAS-like library generators, its effectiveness can be limited by the accuracy of the performance models used. In this paper, we describe an approach where a class of computations is modeled in terms of constituent operations that are empirically measured, thereby allowing modeling of the overall execution time. The performance model with empirically determined cost components is used to perform data layout optimization together with the selection of library calls and layout transformations in the context of the Tensor Contraction Engine, a compiler for a high-level domain-specific language for expressing computational models in quantum chemistry. The effectiveness of the approach is demonstrated through experimental measurements on representative computations from quantum chemistry.

Lu, Qingda; Gao, Xiaoyang; Krishnamoorthy, Sriram; Baumgartner, Gerald; Ramanujam, J.; Sadayappan, Ponnuswamy

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

Fuel performance models for high-temperature gas-cooled reactor core design  

SciTech Connect

Mechanistic fuel performance models are used in high-temperature gas-cooled reactor core design and licensing to predict failure and fission product release. Fuel particles manufactured with defective or missing SiC, IPyC, or fuel dispersion in the buffer fail at a level of less than 5 x 10/sup -4/ fraction. These failed particles primarily release metallic fission products because the OPyC remains intact on 90% of the particles and retains gaseous isotopes. The predicted failure of particles using performance models appears to be conservative relative to operating reactor experience.

Stansfield, O.M.; Simon, W.A.; Baxter, A.M.

1983-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Development of long-term performance models for radioactive waste forms  

SciTech Connect

The long-term performance of solid radioactive waste is measured by the release rate of radionuclides into the environment, which depends on corrosion or weathering rates of the solid waste form. The reactions involved depend on the characteristics of the solid matrix containing the radioactive waste, the radionuclides of interest, and their interaction with surrounding geologic materials. This chapter describes thermo-hydro-mechanical and reactive transport models related to the long-term performance of solid radioactive waste forms, including metal, ceramic, glass, steam reformer and cement. Future trends involving Monte-Carlo simulations and coupled/multi-scale process modeling are also discussed.

Bacon, Diana H.; Pierce, Eric M.

2011-03-22T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "modeling performance tidal" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Validation of PV performance models using satellite-based irradiance measurements : a case study.  

SciTech Connect

Photovoltaic (PV) system performance models are relied upon to provide accurate predictions of energy production for proposed and existing PV systems under a wide variety of environmental conditions. Ground based meteorological measurements are only available from a relatively small number of locations. In contrast, satellite-based radiation and weather data (e.g., SUNY database) are becoming increasingly available for most locations in North America, Europe, and Asia on a 10 x 10 km grid or better. This paper presents a study of how PV performance model results are affected when satellite-based weather data is used in place of ground-based measurements.

Stein, Joshua S.; Parkins, Andrew (Clean Power Research); Perez, Richard (University at Albany)

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

Energy Modeling of a High Performance Building in the U.A.E. for Sustainability Certification  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

voluntary LEED program. BUILDING CONCEPT AND MODELING Modeling The simulation tool used to analyze the energy per- formance of the Sheikh Zayed Desert Learning Centre is TRNSYS version 16.01 (Solar Energy Laboratory, Univ. of Wisconsin-Madison 2004...). TRNSYS is a dynamic simulation platform for simulating systems over time pe- riods from days to years at time-steps of seconds to hours. TRNSYS meets the requirements for LEED certification of energy performance through the whole building simu...

Jones, M.; Ledinger, S.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Short term performance comparisons between a solar thermosyphon water heater and two numerical models  

SciTech Connect

An experimental study of a solar thermosyphon domestic water heater was conducted in the indoor solar simulator facility at Colorado State University (Bickford, 1994). The system consisted of a closed-loop collector circuit filled with propylene glycol and water solution and a horizontal storage tank with an annular tank-in-tank heat exchanger. Short-term irradiated tests with and without timed draws were performed to assess overall performance and monitor collector flow rate, storage tank stratification, and heat exchanger temperature distribution. The measured performance was compared with the ``standard`` thermosyphon model in TRNSYS 13.1 (transient system simulation program). A revised TRNSYS model was developed by Graham Morrison at the University of New South Wales, Australia. The revised model specifically addressed the horizontal tank, closed-loop configuration. The standard TRNSYS version predicted solar gain within 17% of the measured values and differed dramatically from experimental collector temperatures, closed-loop flow rate, and tank stratification. This is not surprising since this model does not include the tank and tank heat exchanger. The revised TRNSYS model agreed more closely with experimental results. It predicted closed-loop flow at 8% lower than observed flow and collector temperature rise that was higher than the observed flow by approximately the same amount, resulting in extremely accurate prediction of collector output energy. Losses from the storage tank and piping were significantly underpredicted in both models, however.

Bickford, C.; Hittle, D.C. [Colorado State Univ., Fort Collins, CO (United States). Solar Energy Applications Lab.

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

MHK Projects/Cohansey River Tidal Energy | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Cohansey River Tidal Energy Cohansey River Tidal Energy < MHK Projects Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"500px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"File:Aquamarine-marker.png","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":39.3829,"lon":-75.2995,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"http:\/\/prod-http-80-800498448.us-east-1.elb.amazonaws.com\/w\/images\/7\/74\/Aquamarine-marker.png","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

325

MHK Projects/Dorchester Maurice Tidal | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Dorchester Maurice Tidal Dorchester Maurice Tidal < MHK Projects Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"500px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"File:Aquamarine-marker.png","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":39.3262,"lon":-74.938,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"http:\/\/prod-http-80-800498448.us-east-1.elb.amazonaws.com\/w\/images\/7\/74\/Aquamarine-marker.png","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

326

MHK Projects/Orient Point Tidal | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Orient Point Tidal Orient Point Tidal < MHK Projects Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"500px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"File:Aquamarine-marker.png","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.0748,"lon":-72.9461,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"http:\/\/prod-http-80-800498448.us-east-1.elb.amazonaws.com\/w\/images\/7\/74\/Aquamarine-marker.png","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

327

MHK Projects/Gastineau Channel Tidal | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Gastineau Channel Tidal Gastineau Channel Tidal < MHK Projects Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"500px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"File:Aquamarine-marker.png","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":58.295,"lon":-134.407,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"http:\/\/prod-http-80-800498448.us-east-1.elb.amazonaws.com\/w\/images\/7\/74\/Aquamarine-marker.png","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

328

MHK Projects/Highlands Tidal Energy Project | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Tidal Energy Project Tidal Energy Project < MHK Projects Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"500px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"File:Aquamarine-marker.png","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":40.3432,"lon":-73.9977,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"http:\/\/prod-http-80-800498448.us-east-1.elb.amazonaws.com\/w\/images\/7\/74\/Aquamarine-marker.png","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

329

MHK Projects/Piscataqua Tidal Hydrokinetic Energy Project | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Piscataqua Tidal Hydrokinetic Energy Project Piscataqua Tidal Hydrokinetic Energy Project < MHK Projects Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"500px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"File:Aquamarine-marker.png","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":43.1055,"lon":-70.7912,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"http:\/\/prod-http-80-800498448.us-east-1.elb.amazonaws.com\/w\/images\/7\/74\/Aquamarine-marker.png","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

330

MHK Projects/Paimpol Brehat tidal farm | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Paimpol Brehat tidal farm Paimpol Brehat tidal farm < MHK Projects Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"500px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"File:Aquamarine-marker.png","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":48.869,"lon":-2.98546,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"http:\/\/prod-http-80-800498448.us-east-1.elb.amazonaws.com\/w\/images\/7\/74\/Aquamarine-marker.png","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

331

MHK Projects/Turnagain Arm Tidal | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Turnagain Arm Tidal Turnagain Arm Tidal < MHK Projects Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"500px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"File:Aquamarine-marker.png","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":60.3378,"lon":-151.875,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"http:\/\/prod-http-80-800498448.us-east-1.elb.amazonaws.com\/w\/images\/7\/74\/Aquamarine-marker.png","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

332

MHK Projects/Wiscasset Tidal Energy Plant | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Wiscasset Tidal Energy Plant Wiscasset Tidal Energy Plant < MHK Projects Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"500px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"File:Aquamarine-marker.png","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":43.8146,"lon":-69.8697,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"http:\/\/prod-http-80-800498448.us-east-1.elb.amazonaws.com\/w\/images\/7\/74\/Aquamarine-marker.png","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

333

MHK Projects/Nantucket Tidal Energy Plant | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Nantucket Tidal Energy Plant Nantucket Tidal Energy Plant < MHK Projects Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"500px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"File:Aquamarine-marker.png","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.389,"lon":-70.5134,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"http:\/\/prod-http-80-800498448.us-east-1.elb.amazonaws.com\/w\/images\/7\/74\/Aquamarine-marker.png","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

334

MHK Projects/Kingsbridge Tidal Energy Project | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kingsbridge Tidal Energy Project Kingsbridge Tidal Energy Project < MHK Projects Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"500px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"File:Aquamarine-marker.png","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":40.1008,"lon":-74.0495,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"http:\/\/prod-http-80-800498448.us-east-1.elb.amazonaws.com\/w\/images\/7\/74\/Aquamarine-marker.png","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

335

MHK Projects/Rockaway Tidal Energy Plant | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Rockaway Tidal Energy Plant Rockaway Tidal Energy Plant < MHK Projects Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"500px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"File:Aquamarine-marker.png","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":40.5667,"lon":-73.922,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"http:\/\/prod-http-80-800498448.us-east-1.elb.amazonaws.com\/w\/images\/7\/74\/Aquamarine-marker.png","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

336

MHK Projects/Muskeget Channel Tidal Energy | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Muskeget Channel Tidal Energy Muskeget Channel Tidal Energy < MHK Projects Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"500px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"File:Aquamarine-marker.png","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.3501,"lon":-70.3995,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"http:\/\/prod-http-80-800498448.us-east-1.elb.amazonaws.com\/w\/images\/7\/74\/Aquamarine-marker.png","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

337

MHK Projects/Killisnoo Tidal Energy | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Killisnoo Tidal Energy Killisnoo Tidal Energy < MHK Projects Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"500px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"File:Aquamarine-marker.png","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":57.4724,"lon":-134.56,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"http:\/\/prod-http-80-800498448.us-east-1.elb.amazonaws.com\/w\/images\/7\/74\/Aquamarine-marker.png","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

338

MHK Projects/Deception Pass Tidal Energy Hydroelectric Project | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Deception Pass Tidal Energy Hydroelectric Project Deception Pass Tidal Energy Hydroelectric Project < MHK Projects Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"500px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"File:Aquamarine-marker.png","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":48.4072,"lon":-122.643,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"http:\/\/prod-http-80-800498448.us-east-1.elb.amazonaws.com\/w\/images\/7\/74\/Aquamarine-marker.png","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

339

MHK Projects/Lubec Narrows Tidal | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Lubec Narrows Tidal Lubec Narrows Tidal < MHK Projects Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"500px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"File:Aquamarine-marker.png","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":44.8652,"lon":-66.9828,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"http:\/\/prod-http-80-800498448.us-east-1.elb.amazonaws.com\/w\/images\/7\/74\/Aquamarine-marker.png","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

340

MHK Projects/Housatonic Tidal Energy Plant | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Housatonic Tidal Energy Plant Housatonic Tidal Energy Plant < MHK Projects Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"500px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"File:Aquamarine-marker.png","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.2713,"lon":-73.0883,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"http:\/\/prod-http-80-800498448.us-east-1.elb.amazonaws.com\/w\/images\/7\/74\/Aquamarine-marker.png","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "modeling performance tidal" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

MHK Projects/Tidal Energy Project Portugal | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Tidal Energy Project Portugal Tidal Energy Project Portugal < MHK Projects Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"500px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"File:Aquamarine-marker.png","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":38.702,"lon":-9.13445,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"http:\/\/prod-http-80-800498448.us-east-1.elb.amazonaws.com\/w\/images\/7\/74\/Aquamarine-marker.png","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

342

MHK Projects/Treat Island Tidal | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Treat Island Tidal Treat Island Tidal < MHK Projects Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"500px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"File:Aquamarine-marker.png","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":45.0234,"lon":-67.0672,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"http:\/\/prod-http-80-800498448.us-east-1.elb.amazonaws.com\/w\/images\/7\/74\/Aquamarine-marker.png","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

343

MHK Projects/Maurice River Tidal | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Maurice River Tidal Maurice River Tidal < MHK Projects Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"500px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"File:Aquamarine-marker.png","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":39.3261,"lon":-74.9379,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"http:\/\/prod-http-80-800498448.us-east-1.elb.amazonaws.com\/w\/images\/7\/74\/Aquamarine-marker.png","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

344

MHK Projects/Penobscot Tidal Energy Project | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Penobscot Tidal Energy Project Penobscot Tidal Energy Project < MHK Projects Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"500px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"File:Aquamarine-marker.png","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":44.5404,"lon":-68.7838,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"http:\/\/prod-http-80-800498448.us-east-1.elb.amazonaws.com\/w\/images\/7\/74\/Aquamarine-marker.png","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

345

MHK Projects/Cape May Tidal Energy | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Cape May Tidal Energy Cape May Tidal Energy < MHK Projects Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"500px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"File:Aquamarine-marker.png","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":38.9668,"lon":-74.963,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"http:\/\/prod-http-80-800498448.us-east-1.elb.amazonaws.com\/w\/images\/7\/74\/Aquamarine-marker.png","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

346

MHK Projects/Salem Tidal Energy | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Salem Tidal Energy Salem Tidal Energy < MHK Projects Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"500px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"File:Aquamarine-marker.png","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":39.5739,"lon":-75.5438,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"http:\/\/prod-http-80-800498448.us-east-1.elb.amazonaws.com\/w\/images\/7\/74\/Aquamarine-marker.png","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

347

MHK Projects/Angoon Tidal Energy Plant | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Angoon Tidal Energy Plant Angoon Tidal Energy Plant < MHK Projects Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"500px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"File:Aquamarine-marker.png","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":57.5034,"lon":-134.58,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"http:\/\/prod-http-80-800498448.us-east-1.elb.amazonaws.com\/w\/images\/7\/74\/Aquamarine-marker.png","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

348

MHK Projects/Seaflow Tidal Energy System | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Seaflow Tidal Energy System Seaflow Tidal Energy System < MHK Projects Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"500px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"File:Aquamarine-marker.png","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":51.2353,"lon":-3.8356,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"http:\/\/prod-http-80-800498448.us-east-1.elb.amazonaws.com\/w\/images\/7\/74\/Aquamarine-marker.png","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

349

MHK Projects/East Foreland Tidal Energy | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

East Foreland Tidal Energy East Foreland Tidal Energy < MHK Projects Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"500px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"File:Aquamarine-marker.png","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":60.2223,"lon":-151.905,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"http:\/\/prod-http-80-800498448.us-east-1.elb.amazonaws.com\/w\/images\/7\/74\/Aquamarine-marker.png","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

350

MHK Projects/Margate Tidal | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Margate Tidal Margate Tidal < MHK Projects Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"500px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"File:Aquamarine-marker.png","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":39.3793,"lon":-74.4384,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"http:\/\/prod-http-80-800498448.us-east-1.elb.amazonaws.com\/w\/images\/7\/74\/Aquamarine-marker.png","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

351

MHK Projects/Cuttyhunk Tidal Energy Plant | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Cuttyhunk Tidal Energy Plant Cuttyhunk Tidal Energy Plant < MHK Projects Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"500px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"File:Aquamarine-marker.png","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.7778,"lon":-70.8489,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"http:\/\/prod-http-80-800498448.us-east-1.elb.amazonaws.com\/w\/images\/7\/74\/Aquamarine-marker.png","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

352

MHK Projects/Wrangell Narrows Tidal Energy Project | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Wrangell Narrows Tidal Energy Project Wrangell Narrows Tidal Energy Project < MHK Projects Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"500px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"File:Aquamarine-marker.png","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":56.6324,"lon":-132.936,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"http:\/\/prod-http-80-800498448.us-east-1.elb.amazonaws.com\/w\/images\/7\/74\/Aquamarine-marker.png","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

353

MHK Projects/Astoria Tidal Energy | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Astoria Tidal Energy Astoria Tidal Energy < MHK Projects Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"500px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"File:Aquamarine-marker.png","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":40.7172,"lon":-73.9703,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"http:\/\/prod-http-80-800498448.us-east-1.elb.amazonaws.com\/w\/images\/7\/74\/Aquamarine-marker.png","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

354

Tidal power from the Severn. Volume 2A  

SciTech Connect

This interim study on the generation of electricity from tidal power in the Severn Estuary has been carried out by the Severn Tidal Power Group (STPG) under a joint funding arrangement with the Department of Energy. Two schemes have been examined, one being an extension to the work carried out by the Severn Barrage Committee in 1981 under the chairmanship of Sir Herman Bondi, and relates to the barrage alignment between Lavernock Point on the Welsh shore and Brean Down on the English shore (known as the Cardiff Weston line). The other scheme would be much smaller with a barrage in the vicinity of English Stones some eight kilometres downstream from the existing Severn Bridge (English Stones scheme). The results of the investigation are presented. This book gives the main details on engineering and cost aspects for the CardiffWeston barrage work and discusses program implementation, economics, environmental and infrasture aspects.

Not Available

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Tidal power from the Severn. Volume 2B  

SciTech Connect

This interim study on the generation of electricity from tidal power in the Severn Estuary has been carried out by the Severn Tidal Power Group (STPG) under a joint funding arrangement with the Department of Energy. Two schemes have been examined, one being an extension to the work carried out by the Severn Barrage Committee in 1981 under the chairmanship of Sir Herman Bondi, and relates to the barrage alignment between Lavernock Point on the Welsh shore and Brean Down on the English shore (known as the Cardiff Weston line). The other scheme would be much smaller with a barrage in the vicinity of English Stones, some eight kilometres downstream from the existing Severn Bridge (English Stones scheme). The results of the investigation are presented. This book focuses on the engineering and economic aspects of the English Stones scheme.

Not Available

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

MHK Projects/Cook Inlet Tidal Energy | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Cook Inlet Tidal Energy Cook Inlet Tidal Energy < MHK Projects Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"500px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"File:Aquamarine-marker.png","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":60.6893,"lon":-151.437,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"http:\/\/prod-http-80-800498448.us-east-1.elb.amazonaws.com\/w\/images\/7\/74\/Aquamarine-marker.png","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

357

MHK Projects/BW2 Tidal | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

BW2 Tidal BW2 Tidal < MHK Projects Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"500px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"File:Aquamarine-marker.png","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":39.3264,"lon":-74.9336,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"http:\/\/prod-http-80-800498448.us-east-1.elb.amazonaws.com\/w\/images\/7\/74\/Aquamarine-marker.png","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

358

MHK Projects/Avalon Tidal | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Avalon Tidal Avalon Tidal < MHK Projects Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"500px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"File:Aquamarine-marker.png","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":39.1068,"lon":-74.7463,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"http:\/\/prod-http-80-800498448.us-east-1.elb.amazonaws.com\/w\/images\/7\/74\/Aquamarine-marker.png","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

359

MHK Projects/Admirality Inlet Tidal Energy Project | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Admirality Inlet Tidal Energy Project Admirality Inlet Tidal Energy Project < MHK Projects Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"500px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"File:Aquamarine-marker.png","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":48.1169,"lon":-122.76,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"http:\/\/prod-http-80-800498448.us-east-1.elb.amazonaws.com\/w\/images\/7\/74\/Aquamarine-marker.png","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

360

Radio jets from stellar tidal disruptions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......nl A star that passes too close to a massive...time-dependent accretion rate. We apply this model...predict the snapshot rate of these events...accretion|black hole physics|galaxies: jets...predicted snapshot rate, we conclude that...lofar.org 3 www.physics.usyd.edu.au......

Sjoert van Velzen; Elmar Körding; Heino Falcke

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "modeling performance tidal" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

EA-1949: Admiralty Inlet Pilot Tidal Project, Puget Sound, WA  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This EA analyzes the potential environmental effects of a proposal by the Public Utility District No. 1 of Snowhomish County, Washington to construct and operate the Admiralty Inlet Tidal Project. The proposed 680-kilowatt project would be located on the east side of Admiralty Inlet in Puget Sound, Washington, about 1 kilometer west of Whidbey Island, entirely within Island County, Washington. The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) is the lead agency. DOE is a cooperating agency.

362

Extremely Close-In Giant Planets from Tidal Capture  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Planets that form around stars born in dense stellar environments are subject to dynamical perturbations from other stars in the system. These perturbations will strip outer planets, forming a population of free-floating planets, some of which will be tidally captured before they evaporate from the system. For systems with velocity dispersion of 1 km/s, Jupiter-mass planets can be captured into orbits with periods of 0.1-0.4 days, which are generally stable over a Gyr, assuming quadratic suppression of eddy viscosity in the convective zones of the host stars. Under this assumption, and that most stars form several massive planets at separations 5-50 AU, about 0.03% of stars in rich, mature open clusters should have extremely close-in tidally captured planets. Approximately 0.005% of field stars should also have such planets, which may be found in field searches for transiting planets. Detection of a population of tidally-captured planets would indicate that most stars formed in stellar clusters. In globular clusters, the fraction of stars with tidally-captured planets rises to 0.1% -- in conflict with the null result of the transit search in 47 Tuc. This implies that, if the quadratic prescription for viscosity suppression is correct, planetary formation was inhibited in 47 Tuc: less than one planet of Jupiter-mass or greater (bound or free-floating) formed per cluster star. Less than half of the stars formed solar-system analogs. Brown dwarfs can also be captured in tight orbits; the lack of such companions in 47 Tuc in turn implies an upper limit on the initial frequency of brown dwarfs in this cluster. However, this upper limit is extremely sensitive to the highly uncertain timescale for orbital decay, and thus it is difficult to draw robust conclusions about the low-mass end of the mass function in 47 Tuc.

B. Scott Gaudi

2003-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

363

1 MODELING THE PERFORMANCE OF ULTRAVIOLET REACTOR IN EULERIAN AND LAGRANGIAN FRAMEWORKS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CFD models for simulating the performance of ultraviolet (UV) reactors for micro-organism inactivation were developed in Eulerian and Lagrangian frameworks, taking into account hydrodynamics, kinetics, and radiation field within UV reactor. In the Lagrangian framework, micro-organisms were treated as discrete particles where the trajectory was predicted by integrating the force balance on the particle. In the Eulerian framework, the conservation equation of species (microorganisms) was solved along with the transport equations. The fluid flow was characterized experimentally using particle image velocimetry (PIV) flow visualization techniques and modeled using CFD for a UV reactor prototype model. The performance of annular UV reactors with an inlet parallel and perpendicular to the reactor axis were investigated. The results indicated that the fluid flow distribution within the reactor volume can significantly affect the reactor performance. Both the Eulerian and Lagrangian models were used to obtain complimentary information on the reactors; while the Lagrangian method provided an estimation of the UV-fluence distribution and the trajectory of species, the Eulerian approach showed the concentration distribution and local photo-reaction rates. The combined information can be used to predict and monitor reactor performance and to improve the reactor design.

Angelo Sozzi; Fariborz Taghipour

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Performance Optimization by Wire and Buffer Sizing Under the Transmission Line Model \\Lambda  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Performance Optimization by Wire and Buffer Sizing Under the Transmission Line Model \\Lambda Tai to the time­of­flight delay of a line, it is necessary to consider the transmission line behavior for de­ lay on this formula, we show the property that the minimum delay for a transmission line with reflection occurs when

Chen, Tai-Chen

365

High-Performance Torque Control for Switched Reluctance Motor Based on Online Fuzzy Neural Network Modeling  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A novel high performance torque control scheme for switched reluctance motors(SRMs) is proposed based on online fuzzy neural network modeling and adaptive sliding-mode current control. Firstly, an adaptive neural fuzzy inference system(ANFIS) is designed ... Keywords: switched reluctance motor, torque control, adaptive neural fuzzy inference system, adaptive sliding mode control

Xuelian Yao; Ruiyun Qi; Zhiquan Deng; Jun Cai

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Modeling Process Characteristics and Performance of Fixed and Fluidized Bed Regenerative Thermal Oxidizer  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Modeling Process Characteristics and Performance of Fixed and Fluidized Bed Regenerative Thermal Oxidizer ... (7)?Cheng, W.-H.; Chou, M.-S.; Lee, W.-S.; Huang, B.-J. Applications of Low-Temperature Regenerative Thermal Oxidizers to Treat Volatile Organic Compounds. ...

Pietropaolo Morrone; Francesco P. Di Maio; Alberto Di Renzo; Mario Amelio

2006-05-26T23:59:59.000Z

367

Analysis of Molten Carbonate Fuel Cell Performance Using a Three-Phase Homogeneous Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

temperatures, nickel oxide dissolves in the melt. This slow loss of active material contributes to an increase as compared to nickel oxide. The search for alternate cathode materials could be simplified through the use-phase homogeneous model was developed to simulate the performance of the molten carbonate fuel cell MCFC cathode

Popov, Branko N.

368

Performance modeling and cell design for high concentration methanol fuel cells  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

) it reduces the fuel efficiency (methanol is reacted without producing electrical current). We canChapter 50 Performance modeling and cell design for high concentration methanol fuel cells C. E The direct methanol fuel cell (DMFC) has become a lead- ing contender to replace the lithium-ion (Li

369

Modeling the Performance, Emissions, and Cost of an Entrained-Flow Gasification Combined Cycle System Using  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Modeling the Performance, Emissions, and Cost of an Entrained-Flow Gasification Combined Cycle-based Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle (IGCC) system using ASPEN. ASPEN is a steady-state chemical process-flow Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle (IGCC) system. This study aims at developing a base case analysis

Frey, H. Christopher

370

Propagating Uncertainty in Solar Panel Performance for Life Cycle Modeling in Early Stage Design  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Propagating Uncertainty in Solar Panel Performance for Life Cycle Modeling in Early Stage Design. This work is conducted in the context of an amorphous photovoltaic (PV) panel, using data gathered from the National Solar Radiation Database, as well as realistic data collected from an experimental hardware setup

Yang, Maria

371

Industrial environmental performance evaluation: A Markov-based model considering data uncertainty  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Commonly, operational aspects of an industrial process are not included when evaluating the process environmental performance. These aspects are important as operational failures can intensify adverse environmental impacts or can diminish the chance ... Keywords: Decision-making, Environmental model, Industrial process, Maintenance, Markov chain, Uncertainty

Samaneh Shokravi, Alan J. R. Smith, Colin R. Burvill

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Revealing the escape mechanism of three-dimensional orbits in a tidally limited star cluster  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The aim of this work is to explore the escape process of three-dimensional orbits in a star cluster rotating around its parent galaxy in a circular orbit. The gravitational field of the cluster is represented by a smooth, spherically symmetric Plummer potential, while the tidal approximation was used to model the steady tidal field of the galaxy. We conduct a thorough numerical analysis distinguishing between regular and chaotic orbits as well as between trapped and escaping orbits, considering only unbounded motion for several energy levels. It is of particular interest to locate the escape basins towards the two exit channels and relate them with the corresponding escape times of the orbits. For this purpose, we split our investigation into three cases depending on the initial value of the $z$ coordinate which was used for launching the stars. The most noticeable finding is that the majority of stars initiated very close to the primary $(x,y)$ plane move in chaotic orbits and they remain trapped for vast time intervals, while orbits with relatively high values of $z_0$ on the other hand, form well-defined basins of escape. It was also observed, that for energy levels close to the critical escape energy the escape rates of orbits are large, while for much higher values of energy most of the orbits have low escape periods or they escape immediately to infinity. We hope our outcomes to be useful for a further understanding of the dissolution process and the escape mechanism in open star clusters.

Euaggelos E. Zotos

2014-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

373

KOI-54: The Kepler Discovery of Tidally Excited Pulsations and Brightenings in a Highly Eccentric Binary  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Kepler observations of the star HD 187091 (KIC 8112039, hereafter KOI-54) revealed a remarkable light curve exhibiting sharp periodic brightening events every 41.8 days with a superimposed set of oscillations forming a beating pattern in phase with the brightenings. Spectroscopic observations revealed that this is a binary star with a highly eccentric orbit, e = 0.83. We are able to match the Kepler light curve and radial velocities with a nearly face-on (i = 55) binary star model in which the brightening events are caused by tidal distortion and irradiation of nearly identical A stars during their close periastron passage. The two dominant oscillations in the light curve, responsible for the beating pattern, have frequencies that are the 91st and 90th harmonic of the orbital frequency. The power spectrum of the light curve, after removing the binary star brightening component, reveals a large number of pulsations, 30 of which have a signal-to-noise ratio 7. Nearly all of these pulsations have frequencies that are either integer multiples of the orbital frequency or are tidally split multiples of the orbital frequency. This pattern of frequencies unambiguously establishes the pulsations as resonances between the dynamic tides at periastron and the free oscillation modes of one or both of the stars. KOI-54 is only the fourth star to show such a phenomenon and is by far the richest in terms of excited modes.

William F. Welsh; Jerome A. Orosz; Conny Aerts; Timothy M. Brown; Erik Brugamyer; William D. Cochran; Ronald L. Gilliland; Joyce Ann Guzik; D. W. Kurtz; David W. Latham; Geoffrey W. Marcy; Samuel N. Quinn; Wolfgang Zima; Christopher Allen; Natalie M. Batalha; Steve Bryson; Lars A. Buchhave; Douglas A. Caldwell; Thomas N. Gautier III; Steve B. Howell; K. Kinemuchi; Khadeejah A. Ibrahim; Howard Isaacson; Jon M. Jenkins; Andrej Prsa; Martin Still; Rachel Street; Bill Wohler; David G. Koch; William J. Borucki

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Tidal stirring and the origin of dwarf spheroidals in the Local Group  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

N-Body/SPH simulations are used to study the evolution of dwarf irregular galaxies (dIrrs) entering the dark matter halo of the Milky Way or M31 on plunging orbits. We propose a new dynamical mechanism driving the evolution of gas rich, rotationally supported dIrrs, mostly found at the outskirts of the Local Group (LG), into gas free, pressure supported dwarf spheroidals (dSphs) or dwarf ellipticals (dEs), observed to cluster around the two giant spirals. The initial model galaxies are exponential disks embedded in massive dark matter halos and reproduce nearby dIrrs. Repeated tidal shocks at the pericenter of their orbit partially strip their halo and disk and trigger dynamical instabilities that dramatically reshape their stellar component. After only 2-3 orbits low surface brightness (LSB) dIrrs are transformed into dSphs, while high surface brightness (HSB) dIrrs evolve into dEs. This evolutionary mechanism naturally leads to the morphology-density relation observed for LG dwarfs. Dwarfs surrounded by very dense dark matter halos, like the archetypical dIrr GR8, are turned into Draco or Ursa Minor, the faintest and most dark matter dominated among LG dSphs. If disks include a gaseous component, this is both tidally stripped and consumed in periodic bursts of star formation. The resulting star formation histories are in good qualitative agreement with those derived using HST color-magnitude diagrams for local dSphs.

Lucio Mayer; Fabio Governato; Monica Colpi; Ben Moore; Tom Quinn; James Wadsley; Joachim Stadel; George Lake

2000-11-02T23:59:59.000Z

375

A unified model for the detailed investigation of membrane modules and RO plants performance  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this work a straightforward procedure for the detailed investigation of the performance of the membrane modules and RO plants has been suggested. The analysis is based on analytical equations for a two dimensional flow of two components and determines the permeate flow rate and the quality of the produced water. A software was developed, based in the proposed mathematical model, which can predict the brine and permeate characteristics for every individual membrane module in the pressure vessels in an RO plant, regardless of the type of the membranes. The predictions of the proposed software were verified by experimental data for a 380 m3/d RO plant, with 8'' membrane module made by FilmTec. An excellent agreement was found between the prediction of the suggested model and the experimental data. The membrane performance predictions of the developed software were also compared and verified with the predictions made by commercial softwares of different membrane producers. The model can make prediction for any parameter at any point of the process. An equation for the permeate pressure in the membrane envelop was developed and the permeate pressure profile was presented and suggestions were made for possible weak points of the membrane envelops. It is believed that the analytical model which is presented in this work is a simple, accurate and quick procedure for modeling the RO plants performance and it can be applied in any type of membrane modul

S.A. Avlonitis; M. Pappas; K. Moutesidis

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

High Performance Computing Modeling Advances Accelerator Science for High Energy Physics  

SciTech Connect

The development and optimization of particle accelerators are essential for advancing our understanding of the properties of matter, energy, space and time. Particle accelerators are complex devices whose behavior involves many physical effects on multiple scales. Therefore, advanced computational tools utilizing high-performance computing (HPC) are essential for accurately modeling them. In the past decade, the DOE SciDAC program has produced such accelerator-modeling tools, which have beem employed to tackle some of the most difficult accelerator science problems. In this article we discuss the Synergia beam-dynamics framework and its applications to high-intensity particle accelerator physics. Synergia is an accelerator simulation package capable of handling the entire spectrum of beam dynamics simulations. We present the design principles, key physical and numerical models in Synergia and its performance on HPC platforms. Finally, we present the results of Synergia applications for the Fermilab proton source upgrade, known as the Proton Improvement Plan (PIP).

Amundson, James; Macridin, Alexandru; Spentzouris, Panagiotis

2014-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

377

Modeling and controller performance assessment for a switched reluctance motor drive based on setpoint relay  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper considers the implementation of a current control method for switched reluctance motors (SRMs) and presents a novel approach to the accurate on-line modeling of an SRM drive. A simple autotuning technique for the SRM drives using a PWM controller is considered. Furthermore, conventional PI control and Internal Model Control (IMC) are considered to validate this method and present corresponding robust control analysis for the process. The control structures are comparatively analyzed using standard robustness measures for stability and performance. The proposed PWM controller is simulated and a hardware prototype is then implemented using digital signal processor control to evaluate the method using a 12/8, three-phase SRM. The experimental results of the SRM drive model validates the performance of the current loop.

L.L.N. dos Reis; A.A.R. Coelho; O.M. Almeida; J.C.T. Campos

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

A Service Oriented Architecture for Exploring High Performance Distributed Power Models  

SciTech Connect

Power grids are increasingly incorporating high quality, high throughput sensor devices inside power distribution networks. These devices are driving an unprecedented increase in the volume and rate of available information. The real-time requirements for handling this data are beyond the capacity of conventional power models running in central utilities. Hence, we are exploring distributed power models deployed at the regional scale. The connection of these models for a larger geographic region is supported by a distributed system architecture. This architecture is built in a service oriented style, whereby distributed power models running on high performance clusters are exposed as services. Each service is semantically annotated and therefore can be discovered through a service catalog and composed into workflows. The overall architecture has been implemented as an integrated workflow environment useful for power researchers to explore newly developed distributed power models.

Liu, Yan; Chase, Jared M.; Gorton, Ian

2012-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

379

Hyperspectral Aquatic Radiative Transfer Modeling Using a High-Performance Cluster Computing-Based Approach  

SciTech Connect

Abstract For aquatic studies, radiative transfer (RT) modeling can be used to compute hyperspectral above-surface remote sensing reflectance that can be utilized for inverse model development. Inverse models can provide bathymetry and inherent-and bottom-optical property estimation. Because measured oceanic field/organic datasets are often spatio-temporally sparse, synthetic data generation is useful in yielding sufficiently large datasets for inversion model development; however, these forward-modeled data are computationally expensive and time-consuming to generate. This study establishes the magnitude of wall-clock-time savings achieved for performing large, aquatic RT batch-runs using parallel computing versus a sequential approach. Given 2,600 simulations and identical compute-node characteristics, sequential architecture required ~100 hours until termination, whereas a parallel approach required only ~2.5 hours (42 compute nodes) a 40x speed-up. Tools developed for this parallel execution are discussed.

Filippi, Anthony M [ORNL; Bhaduri, Budhendra L [ORNL; Naughton, III, Thomas J [ORNL; King, Amy L [ORNL; Scott, Stephen L [ORNL; Guneralp, Inci [Texas A& M University

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Hyperspectral Aquatic Radiative Transfer Modeling Using a High-Performance Cluster Computing Based Approach  

SciTech Connect

For aquatic studies, radiative transfer (RT) modeling can be used to compute hyperspectral above-surface remote sensing reflectance that can be utilized for inverse model development. Inverse models can provide bathymetry and inherent- and bottom-optical property estimation. Because measured oceanic field/organic datasets are often spatio-temporally sparse, synthetic data generation is useful in yielding sufficiently large datasets for inversion model development; however, these forward-modeled data are computationally expensive and time-consuming to generate. This study establishes the magnitude of wall-clock-time savings achieved for performing large, aquatic RT batch-runs using parallel computing versus a sequential approach. Given 2,600 simulations and identical compute-node characteristics, sequential architecture required {approx}100 hours until termination, whereas a parallel approach required only {approx}2.5 hours (42 compute nodes) - a 40x speed-up. Tools developed for this parallel execution are discussed.

Fillippi, Anthony [Texas A& M University; Bhaduri, Budhendra L [ORNL; Naughton, III, Thomas J [ORNL; King, Amy L [ORNL; Scott, Stephen L [ORNL; Guneralp, Inci [Texas A& M University

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "modeling performance tidal" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

A model for the transient performance simulation of solar cavity receivers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In this paper, a detailed model for the transient simulation of solar cavity receivers for concentrating solar power plants is presented. The proposed model aims to consider all the major phenomena influencing the performance of a cavity receiver, including radiation, convection and conduction heat transfer mechanisms. For the radiation heat exchange within the cavity, the radiosity method is implemented, where the view factor calculation for all the active and passive surfaces is performed by a ray tracing algorithm programmed in a free software environment for statistical computing, namely R. A one-dimensional modeling approach is used for the tubes constituting the receiver active panels, through which the heat transfer fluid (HTF) is pumped. The governing partial differential equations are solved numerically by applying the finite volume method. Convective heat losses are modeled through different correlations for natural and forced convection heat losses from the specific literature. Once the thermal behavior has been characterized, the geometry of the model is later fixed to check the consistency of the model and to study its dynamic characteristics. A specific 51.6 MWth, PS10 like receiver is used in this paper, although the implemented model has the flexibility to allow a variable number of panels and geometric configurations. At last, an adaptive neural controller, designed and trained offline, controls the outlet temperature of the molten salts to the desired operating value. Results for transient simulations are shown in the paper, demonstrating the plausibility of the estimations obtained with the developed model. The proposed model has been implemented in the Modelica language and based on the Modelica Standard Library (MSL) modeling approach.

Javier Samanes; Javier Garcia-Barberena

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

A Framework for Performance Modeling and Prediction Allan Snavely, Laura Carrington, Nicole Wolter of The San Diego Supercomputer Center with  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

a framework for performance modeling and prediction that is faster than cycle-accurate simulation, more combined with a network model. 0-7695-1524-X/02 $17.00 (c) 2002 IEEE #12;2 Existing network simulators can and then combine this information with a network simulator. To model single-processor performance, we separate

Snavely, Allan

383

Numerical Modeling of the Distributed Electrochemistry and Performance of Solid Oxide Fuel Cells  

SciTech Connect

A cell-level distributed electrochemistry (DEC) modeling tool has been developed to enable prediction of solid oxide fuel cell performance by considering the coupled and spatially varying multi-physics that occur within the tri-layer. The approach calculates the distributed electrochemistry within the electrodes, which includes the charge transfer and electric potential fields, ion transport throughout the tri-layer, and gas distributions within the composite and porous electrodes. The thickness of the electrochemically active regions within the electrodes is calculated along with the distributions of charge transfer. The DEC modeling tool can examine the overall SOFC performance based on electrode microstructural parameters, such as particle size, pore size, porosity factor, electrolyte and electrode phase volume fractions, and triple-phase-boundary length. Recent developments in electrode fabrication methods have lead to increased interest in using graded and nano-structured electrodes to improve the electrochemical performance of SOFCs. This paper demonstrates how the DEC modeling tool can be used to help design novel electrode microstructures by optimizing a graded anode for high electrochemical performance.

Recknagle, Kurtis P.; Ryan, Emily M.; Khaleel, Mohammad A.

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

Numeric-modeling sensitivity analysis of the performance of wind turbine arrays  

SciTech Connect

An evaluation of the numerical model created by Lissaman for predicting the performance of wind turbine arrays has been made. Model predictions of the wake parameters have been compared with both full-scale and wind tunnel measurements. Only limited, full-scale data were available, while wind tunnel studies showed difficulties in representing real meteorological conditions. Nevertheless, several modifications and additions have been made to the model using both theoretical and empirical techniques and the new model shows good correlation with experiment. The larger wake growth rate and shorter near wake length predicted by the new model lead to reduced interference effects on downstream turbines and hence greater array efficiencies. The array model has also been re-examined and now incorporates the ability to show the effects of real meteorological conditions such as variations in wind speed and unsteady winds. The resulting computer code has been run to show the sensitivity of array performance to meteorological, machine, and array parameters. Ambient turbulence and windwise spacing are shown to dominate, while hub height ratio is seen to be relatively unimportant. Finally, a detailed analysis of the Goodnoe Hills wind farm in Washington has been made to show how power output can be expected to vary with ambient turbulence, wind speed, and wind direction.

Lissaman, P.B.S.; Gyatt, G.W.; Zalay, A.D.

1982-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

Maine Deploys First U.S. Commercial, Grid-Connected Tidal Energy Project |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Maine Deploys First U.S. Commercial, Grid-Connected Tidal Energy Maine Deploys First U.S. Commercial, Grid-Connected Tidal Energy Project Maine Deploys First U.S. Commercial, Grid-Connected Tidal Energy Project July 24, 2012 - 1:12pm Addthis NEWS MEDIA CONTACT (202) 586-4940 WASHINGTON -- Today, Energy Secretary Steven Chu recognized the nation's first commercial, grid-connected tidal energy project off the coast of Eastport, Maine. Leveraging a $10 million investment from the Energy Department, Ocean Renewable Power Company (ORPC) will deploy its first commercial tidal energy device into Cobscook Bay this summer. The project, which injected $14 million into the local economy and has supported more than 100 local and supply chain jobs, represents the first tidal energy project in the United States with long-term contracts to sell electricity

386

Fracture orientation analysis by the solid earth tidal strain method | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

orientation analysis by the solid earth tidal strain method orientation analysis by the solid earth tidal strain method Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: Fracture orientation analysis by the solid earth tidal strain method Details Activities (1) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: A new practical method has been developed to estimate subsurface fracture orientation based on an analysis of solid earth tidal strains. The tidal strain fracture orientation technique is a passive method which has no depth limitation. The orientation of either natural or hydraulically stimulated fractures can be measured using either new or old static observation wells. Estimates for total compressibility and areal interconnected porosity can also be developed for reservoirs with matrix permeability using a combination of tidal and barometric strain analysis.

387

MHK Technologies/Uldolmok Pilot Tidal Current Power Plant | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Uldolmok Pilot Tidal Current Power Plant Uldolmok Pilot Tidal Current Power Plant < MHK Technologies Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Uldolmok Pilot Tidal Current Power Plant.jpg Technology Profile Primary Organization Korea East West Power Co LTD Technology Resource Click here Current Technology Type Click here Overtopping Technology Readiness Level Click here TRL 9 Commercial Scale Production Application Technology Description The tidal current power plant uses current energy that can be differentiated from a typical tidal power plant using marine energy The latter confines water in a dam and when released it gets processed in a turbine to produce electric power The tidal current power plant on the other hand does not need a dam thus concerns of social dislocations and degradation of ecosystems primarily endangering marine life can be avoided

388

DOE Science Showcase - Tidal Energy | OSTI, US Dept of Energy, Office of  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

DOE Science Showcase - Tidal Energy DOE Science Showcase - Tidal Energy Point absorbers generate electricity by converting the energy in waves using a float that rides the waves and is attached to a moored conversion device. The Department of Energy's Water Power Program Tapping into Wave and Tidal Ocean Power: 15% Water Power by 2030, Energy.gov News Assessment of Energy Production Potential from Tidal Streams in the United States, Energy Citations Database Georgia Tech's Tidal Energy Resources Database U.S. Renewable Resources Atlas , NREL Tidal energy research in WorldWideScience.org OSTI Homepage Mobile Gallery Subscribe to RSS OSTI Blog Get Widgets Get Alert Services OSTI Facebook OSTI Twitter OSTI Google+ Bookmark and Share (Link will open in a new window) Go to Videos Loading...

389

Sandia National Laboratories: DOE-Sponsored Reference Model Project...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

is a partnered effort to develop marine hydrokinetic (MHK) reference models (RMs) for wave energy converters and tidal, ocean, and river current energy converters. The RMP team...

390

Seasonal versus Episodic Performance Evaluation for an Eulerian Photochemical Air Quality Model  

SciTech Connect

This study presents detailed evaluation of the seasonal and episodic performance of the Community Multiscale Air Quality (CMAQ) modeling system applied to simulate air quality at a fine grid spacing (4 km horizontal resolution) in central California, where ozone air pollution problems are severe. A rich aerometric database collected during the summer 2000 Central California Ozone Study (CCOS) is used to prepare model inputs and to evaluate meteorological simulations and chemical outputs. We examine both temporal and spatial behaviors of ozone predictions. We highlight synoptically driven high-ozone events (exemplified by the four intensive operating periods (IOPs)) for evaluating both meteorological inputs and chemical outputs (ozone and its precursors) and compare them to the summer average. For most of the summer days, cross-domain normalized gross errors are less than 25% for modeled hourly ozone, and normalized biases are between {+-}15% for both hourly and peak (1 h and 8 h) ozone. The domain-wide aggregated metrics indicate similar performance between the IOPs and the whole summer with respect to predicted ozone and its precursors. Episode-to-episode differences in ozone predictions are more pronounced at a subregional level. The model performs consistently better in the San Joaquin Valley than other air basins, and episodic ozone predictions there are similar to the summer average. Poorer model performance (normalized peak ozone biases <-15% or >15%) is found in the Sacramento Valley and the Bay Area and is most noticeable in episodes that are subject to the largest uncertainties in meteorological fields (wind directions in the Sacramento Valley and timing and strength of onshore flow in the Bay Area) within the boundary layer.

Jin, Ling; Brown, Nancy J.; Harley, Robert A.; Bao, Jian-Wen; Michelson, Sara A; Wilczak, James M

2010-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

391

Evaluation of Model Results and Measured Performance of Net-Zero Energy Homes in Hawaii: Preprint  

SciTech Connect

The Kaupuni community consists of 19 affordable net-zero energy homes that were built within the Waianae Valley of Oahu, Hawaii in 2011. The project was developed for the native Hawaiian community led by the Department of Hawaiian Homelands. This paper presents a comparison of the modeled and measured energy performance of the homes. Over the first year of occupancy, the community as a whole performed within 1% of the net-zero energy goals. The data show a range of performance from house to house with the majority of the homes consistently near or exceeding net-zero, while a few fall short of the predicted net-zero energy performance. The impact of building floor plan, weather, and cooling set point on this comparison is discussed. The project demonstrates the value of using building energy simulations as a tool to assist the project to achieve energy performance goals. Lessons learned from the energy performance monitoring has had immediate benefits in providing feedback to the homeowners, and will be used to influence future energy efficient designs in Hawaii and other tropical climates.

Norton, P.; Kiatreungwattana, K.; Kelly, K. J.

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Broadband Model Performance for an Updated National Solar Radiation Database in the United States of America: Preprint  

SciTech Connect

Updated review of broadband model performance in a project being done to update the existing United States National Solar Radiation Database (NSRDB).

Myers, D. R.; Wilcox, S.; Marion, W.; George, R.; Anderberg, M.

2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

Science-Based Simulation Model of Human Performance for Human Reliability Analysis  

SciTech Connect

Human reliability analysis (HRA), a component of an integrated probabilistic risk assessment (PRA), is the means by which the human contribution to risk is assessed, both qualitatively and quantitatively. However, among the literally dozens of HRA methods that have been developed, most cannot fully model and quantify the types of errors that occurred at Three Mile Island. Furthermore, all of the methods lack a solid empirical basis, relying heavily on expert judgment or empirical results derived in non-reactor domains. Finally, all of the methods are essentially static, and are thus unable to capture the dynamics of an accident in progress. The objective of this work is to begin exploring a dynamic simulation approach to HRA, one whose models have a basis in psychological theories of human performance, and whose quantitative estimates have an empirical basis. This paper highlights a plan to formalize collaboration among the Idaho National Laboratory (INL), the University of Maryland, and The Ohio State University (OSU) to continue development of a simulation model initially formulated at the University of Maryland. Initial work will focus on enhancing the underlying human performance models with the most recent psychological research, and on planning follow-on studies to establish an empirical basis for the model, based on simulator experiments to be carried out at the INL and at the OSU.

Dana L. Kelly; Ronald L. Boring; Ali Mosleh; Carol Smidts

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

Assessment of Strike of Adult Killer Whales by an OpenHydro Tidal Turbine Blade  

SciTech Connect

Report to DOE on an analysis to determine the effects of a potential impact to an endangered whale from tidal turbines proposed for deployment in Puget Sound.

Carlson, Thomas J.; Elster, Jennifer L.; Jones, Mark E.; Watson, Bruce E.; Copping, Andrea E.; Watkins, Michael L.; Jepsen, Richard A.; Metzinger, Kurt

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

Energy Department Announces Funding for Demonstration and Testing of Advanced Wave and Tidal Energy Technologies  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

The Energy Department today announced $10 million to strengthen the U.S. marine and hydrokinetic (MHK) energy industry, including wave and tidal energy sources.

396

Fuel Performance Experiments and Modeling: Fission Gas Bubble Nucleation and Growth in Alloy Nuclear Fuels  

SciTech Connect

Advanced fast reactor systems being developed under the DOE's Advanced Fuel Cycle Initiative are designed to destroy TRU isotopes generated in existing and future nuclear energy systems. Over the past 40 years, multiple experiments and demonstrations have been completed using U-Zr, U-Pu-Zr, U-Mo and other metal alloys. As a result, multiple empirical and semi-empirical relationships have been established to develop empirical performance modeling codes. many mechamistic questions about fission as mobility, bubble coalescience, and gas release have been answered through industrial experience, reearch, and empirical understanding. The advent of modern computational materials science, however, opens new doors of development such that physics-based multi-scale models may be developed to enable a new generation of predictive fuel performance codes that are not limited by empiricism.

McDeavitt, Sean; Shao, Lin; Tsvetkov, Pavel; Wirth, Brian; Kennedy, Rory

2014-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

397

Smart Grid Cybersecurity: Job Performance Model Report LR O'Neil, PNNL  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

9 9 Prepared for the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract DE-AC05-76RL01830 Smart Grid Cybersecurity: Job Performance Model Report LR O'Neil, PNNL MJ Assante, NBISE DH Tobey, NBISE August 2012 PNNL- 21639 Smart Grid Cybersecurity: Job Performance Model Report August 2012 Prepared for the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract DE-AC05-76RL01830 Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Richland, Washington 99352 iii Summary Evidence from the Center for Strategic and International Studies and the Defense Science Board starkly illuminate serious shortages in the talent available in the United States for cyber defense and cyber operations. The need for technically skilled people crosses both the government and private sectors. Faced

398

Analytic network process model for sustainable lean and green manufacturing performance indicator  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Sustainable manufacturing is regarded as the most complex manufacturing paradigm to date as it holds the widest scope of requirements. In addition its three major pillars of economic environment and society though distinct have some overlapping among each of its elements. Even though the concept of sustainability is not new the development of the performance indicator still needs a lot of improvement due to its multifaceted nature which requires integrated approach to solve the problem. This paper proposed the best combination of criteria en route a robust sustainable manufacturing performance indicator formation via Analytic Network Process (ANP). The integrated lean green and sustainable ANP model can be used to comprehend the complex decision system of the sustainability assessment. The finding shows that green manufacturing is more sustainable than lean manufacturing. It also illustrates that procurement practice is the most important criteria in the sustainable manufacturing performance indicator.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

Performance Engineering of the Community Climate System Model (PECCSM) PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR: Patrick H. Worley (Co-PI with  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

performance computing systems. The CCSM has evolved recently to become a first-generation Earth system model, and has been renamed the Community Earth System Model (CESM). The CESM will be used to explore new science

400

Performance Assessment Modeling and Sensitivity Analyses of Generic Disposal System Concepts.  

SciTech Connect

directly, rather than through simplified abstractions. It also a llows for complex representations of the source term, e.g., the explicit representation of many individual waste packages (i.e., meter - scale detail of an entire waste emplacement drift). This report fulfills the Generic Disposal System Analysis Work Packa ge Level 3 Milestone - Performance Assessment Modeling and Sensitivity Analyses of Generic Disposal System Concepts (M 3 FT - 1 4 SN08080 3 2 ).

Sevougian, S. David; Freeze, Geoffrey A. [Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM; Gardner, William Payton [Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM; Hammond, Glenn Edward [Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM; Mariner, Paul [Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "modeling performance tidal" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Biosphere Modeling and Analyses in Support of Total System Performance Assessment  

SciTech Connect

The Nuclear Waste Policy Act of 1982 established the obligations of and the relationship between the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC), and the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) for the management and disposal of high-level radioactive wastes. In 1985, the EPA promulgated regulations that included a definition of performance assessment that did not consider potential dose to a member of the general public. This definition would influence the scope of activities conducted by DOE in support of the total system performance assessment program until 1995. The release of a National Academy of Sciences (NAS) report on the technical basis for a Yucca Mountain-specific standard provided the impetus for the DOE to initiate activities that would consider the attributes of the biosphere, i.e. that portion of the earth where living things, including man, exist and interact with the environment around them. The evolution of NRC and EPA Yucca Mountain-specific regulations, originally proposed in 1999, was critical to the development and integration of biosphere modeling and analyses into the total system performance assessment program. These proposed regulations initially differed in the conceptual representation of the receptor of interest to be considered in assessing performance. The publication in 2001 of final regulations in which the NRC adopted standard will permit the continued improvement and refinement of biosphere modeling and analyses activities in support of assessment activities.

Jeff Tappen; M.A. Wasiolek; D.W. Wu; J.F. Schmitt

2001-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

402

Biosphere Modeling and Analyses in Support of Total System Performance Assessment  

SciTech Connect

The Nuclear Waste Policy Act of 1982 established the obligations of and the relationship between the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC), and the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) for the management and disposal of high-level radioactive wastes. In 1985, the EPA promulgated regulations that included a definition of performance assessment that did not consider potential dose to a member of the general public. This definition would influence the scope of activities conducted by DOE in support of the total system performance assessment program until 1995. The release of a National Academy of Sciences (NAS) report on the technical basis for a Yucca Mountain-specific standard provided the impetus for the DOE to initiate activities that would consider the attributes of the biosphere, i.e. that portion of the earth where living things, including man, exist and interact with the environment around them. The evolution of NRC and EPA Yucca Mountain-specific regulations, originally proposed in 1999, was critical to the development and integration of biosphere modeling and analyses into the total system performance assessment program. These proposed regulations initially differed in the conceptual representation of the receptor of interest to be considered in assessing performance. The publication in 2001 of final regulations in which the NRC adopted standard will permit the continued improvement and refinement of biosphere modeling and analyses activities in support of assessment activities.

Tappen, J. J.; Wasiolek, M. A.; Wu, D. W.; Schmitt, J. F.; Smith, A. J.

2002-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

403

Modeling and Quantification of Team Performance in Human Reliability Analysis for Probabilistic Risk Assessment  

SciTech Connect

Probabilistic Risk Assessment (PRA) and Human Reliability Assessment (HRA) are important technical contributors to the United States (U.S.) Nuclear Regulatory Commission’s (NRC) risk-informed and performance based approach to regulating U.S. commercial nuclear activities. Furthermore, all currently operating commercial NPPs in the U.S. are required by federal regulation to be staffed with crews of operators. Yet, aspects of team performance are underspecified in most HRA methods that are widely used in the nuclear industry. There are a variety of "emergent" team cognition and teamwork errors (e.g., communication errors) that are 1) distinct from individual human errors, and 2) important to understand from a PRA perspective. The lack of robust models or quantification of team performance is an issue that affects the accuracy and validity of HRA methods and models, leading to significant uncertainty in estimating HEPs. This paper describes research that has the objective to model and quantify team dynamics and teamwork within NPP control room crews for risk informed applications, thereby improving the technical basis of HRA, which improves the risk-informed approach the NRC uses to regulate the U.S. commercial nuclear industry.

Jeffrey C. JOe; Ronald L. Boring

2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Energy modeling of photovoltaic thermal systems with corrugated unglazed transpired solar collectors – Part 2: Performance analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper is the second of two companion papers focused on energy modeling and performance analysis of building-integrated photovoltaic thermal (PV/T) systems with corrugated unglazed transpired solar collectors (UTCs). In Part 1, energy models are presented for two configurations: UTC only and UTC with PV panels. The models predict the energy output of the system for different weather and system design conditions and are validated using measured data from an outdoor test facility. In this paper (Part 2), the system performance is evaluated based on data drawn from the literature and simulations with Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) and energy models. The analysis includes parameters that are unique for this system, such as the corrugation geometry and the collector orientation. Validated, high resolution CFD simulations are used to study the impact of plate orientation and incident turbulence intensity, based on the comparison of exterior and interior Nusselt (Nu) number and the cavity exit air temperature, as well as the PV surface temperature when \\{UTCs\\} are integrated with PV panels. It is found that for configurations with UTC only, both exterior and interior convective heat transfer is enhanced in the ‘vertical’ installation, while similar results were obtained for increased incident turbulence intensity levels. However, only minor influences from these two parameters are observed for \\{UTCs\\} with PV panels. The energy model is used to investigate the optimal geometry for both configurations. It is found that parameters such as slope length and corrugation wavelength have the most significant impact on UTC performance while the wavelength and PV panel height have the largest effect for \\{UTCs\\} with PV panels.

Siwei Li; Panagiota Karava

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Climate Modeling using High-Performance Computing The Center for Applied Scientific Computing (CASC) and the LLNL Climate and Carbon  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and NCAR in the development of a comprehensive, earth systems model. This model incorporates the most-performance climate models. Through the addition of relevant physical processes, we are developing an earth systems modeling capability as well. Our collaborators in climate research include the National Center

406

BatPaC - Battery Performance and Cost model - About BatPaC  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

About BatPaC About BatPaC The starting point for this work is based on the decades of battery design work headed by Paul Nelson at Argonne National Laboratory. These design models were based in Microsoft Office Excel® resulting in a flexible and straightforward format. The current effort builds on this previous experience by adding a manufacturing cost calculation as well as increasing the fidelity of the performance calculations all while maintaining efficient calculations (e.g. fractions of a second). The cost of a battery will change depending upon the materials chemistry, battery design, and manufacturing process. Therefore, it is necessary to account for all three areas with a bottom-up cost model. Other bottom-up cost models exist but are not generally available and have not been explicitly detailed in a public document. The motivation for our approach is based on a need for a battery performance and cost model that meets the following requirements:

407

List of Tidal Energy Incentives | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Incentives Incentives Jump to: navigation, search The following contains the list of 538 Tidal Energy Incentives. CSV (rows 1-500) CSV (rows 501-538) Incentive Incentive Type Place Applicable Sector Eligible Technologies Active Abatement of Air Pollution: Control of Carbon Dioxide Emissions/Carbon Dioxide Budget Trading Program (Connecticut) Environmental Regulations Connecticut Agricultural Commercial Construction Fed. Government Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Municipal/Public Utility Nonprofit Residential Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Schools State/Provincial Govt Systems Integrator Transportation Tribal Government Utility Biomass/Biogas

408

Helicon thruster plasma modeling: Two-dimensional fluid-dynamics and propulsive performances  

SciTech Connect

An axisymmetric macroscopic model of the magnetized plasma flow inside the helicon thruster chamber is derived, assuming that the power absorbed from the helicon antenna emission is known. Ionization, confinement, subsonic flows, and production efficiency are discussed in terms of design and operation parameters. Analytical solutions and simple scaling laws for ideal plasma conditions are obtained. The chamber model is then matched with a model of the external magnetic nozzle in order to characterize the whole plasma flow and assess thruster performances. Thermal, electric, and magnetic contributions to thrust are evaluated. The energy balance provides the power conversion between ions and electrons in chamber and nozzle, and the power distribution among beam power, ionization losses, and wall losses. Thruster efficiency is assessed, and the main causes of inefficiency are identified. The thermodynamic behavior of the collisionless electron population in the nozzle is acknowledged to be poorly known and crucial for a complete plasma expansion and good thrust efficiency.

Ahedo, Eduardo; Navarro-Cavalle, Jaume [ETS Ingenieros Aeronauticos, Universidad Politecnica de Madrid, Madrid 28040 (Spain)

2013-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

409

Implementation of Localized Corrosion in the Performance Assessment Model for Yucca Mountain  

SciTech Connect

A total system performance assessment (TSPA) model has been developed to analyze the ability of the natural and engineered barriers of the Yucca Mountain repository to isolate nuclear waste over the 10,000-year period following repository closure. The principal features of the engineered barrier system (EBS) are emplacement tunnels (or ''drifts'') containing a two-layer waste package (WP) for waste containment and a titanium drip shield to protect the waste package from seeping water and falling rock, The 20-mm-thick outer shell of the WP is composed of Alloy 22, a highly corrosion-resistant nickel-based alloy. The barrier function of the EBS is to isolate the waste from migrating water. The water and its associated chemical conditions eventually lead to degradation of the waste packages and mobilization of the radionuclides within the packages. There are five possible waste package degradation modes of the Alloy 22: general corrosion, microbially influenced corrosion, stress corrosion cracking, early failure due to manufacturing defects, and localized corrosion. This paper specifically examines the incorporation of the Alloy-22 localized corrosion model into the Yucca Mountain TSPA model, particularly the abstraction and modeling methodology, as well as issues dealing with scaling, spatial variability, uncertainty, and coupling to other sub-models that are part of the total system model.

Vivek Jain, S. David Sevougian, Patrick D. Mattie, Kevin G. Mon, and Robert J. Mackinnon

2006-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

410

Cpl6: The New Extensible, High-Performance Parallel Coupler forthe Community Climate System Model  

SciTech Connect

Coupled climate models are large, multiphysics applications designed to simulate the Earth's climate and predict the response of the climate to any changes in the forcing or boundary conditions. The Community Climate System Model (CCSM) is a widely used state-of-art climate model that has released several versions to the climate community over the past ten years. Like many climate models, CCSM employs a coupler, a functional unit that coordinates the exchange of data between parts of climate system such as the atmosphere and ocean. This paper describes the new coupler, cpl6, contained in the latest version of CCSM,CCSM3. Cpl6 introduces distributed-memory parallelism to the coupler, a class library for important coupler functions, and a standardized interface for component models. Cpl6 is implemented entirely in Fortran90 and uses Model Coupling Toolkit as the base for most of its classes. Cpl6 gives improved performance over previous versions and scales well on multiple platforms.

Craig, Anthony P.; Jacob, Robert L.; Kauffman, Brain; Bettge,Tom; Larson, Jay; Ong, Everest; Ding, Chris; He, Yun

2005-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

411

High-Performance Computer Modeling of the Cosmos-Iridium Collision  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes the application of a new, integrated modeling and simulation framework, encompassing the space situational awareness (SSA) enterprise, to the recent Cosmos-Iridium collision. This framework is based on a flexible, scalable architecture to enable efficient simulation of the current SSA enterprise, and to accommodate future advancements in SSA systems. In particular, the code is designed to take advantage of massively parallel, high-performance computer systems available, for example, at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. We will describe the application of this framework to the recent collision of the Cosmos and Iridium satellites, including (1) detailed hydrodynamic modeling of the satellite collision and resulting debris generation, (2) orbital propagation of the simulated debris and analysis of the increased risk to other satellites (3) calculation of the radar and optical signatures of the simulated debris and modeling of debris detection with space surveillance radar and optical systems (4) determination of simulated debris orbits from modeled space surveillance observations and analysis of the resulting orbital accuracy, (5) comparison of these modeling and simulation results with Space Surveillance Network observations. We will also discuss the use of this integrated modeling and simulation framework to analyze the risks and consequences of future satellite collisions and to assess strategies for mitigating or avoiding future incidents, including the addition of new sensor systems, used in conjunction with the Space Surveillance Network, for improving space situational awareness.

Olivier, S; Cook, K; Fasenfest, B; Jefferson, D; Jiang, M; Leek, J; Levatin, J; Nikolaev, S; Pertica, A; Phillion, D; Springer, K; De Vries, W

2009-08-28T23:59:59.000Z

412

A modeling framework for supporting and evaluating performance of multi-hop paths in mobile ad-hoc wireless networks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Performance evaluation is a crucially important part of designing any mobile ad-hoc wireless networks. For a more comprehensive evaluation, mathematical analysis is essential, along with simulation. In this paper, we present a detailed analytical model ... Keywords: Mobile ad-hoc networks, Multi-hop paths, Node mobility model, Performance analysis

Le The Dung; Beongku An

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

Evidence for tidal interaction and merger as the origin of galaxy morphology evolution in compact groups  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present the results of a morphological study based on NIR images of 25 galaxies, with different levels of nuclear activity, in 8 Compact Groups of Galaxies (CGs). We perform independently two different analysis: a isophotal study and a study of morphological asymmetries. The results yielded by the two analysis are highly consistent. For the first time, it is possible to show that deviations from pure ellipses are produced by inhomogeneous stellar mass distributions related to galaxy interactions and mergers. We find evidence of mass asymmetries in 74% of the galaxies in our sample. In 59% of these cases, the asymmetries come in pairs, and are consistent with tidal effects produced by the proximity of companion galaxies. The symmetric galaxies are generally small in size or mass, inactive, and have an early-type morphology. In 20% of the galaxies we find evidence for cannibalism. In 36% of the early-type galaxies the color gradient is positive (blue nucleus) or flat. Summing up these results, as much as 52% of the galaxies in our sample could show evidence of an on going or past mergers. Our observations suggest that galaxies in CGs merge more frequently under ``dry'' conditions. The high frequency of interacting and merging galaxies observed in our study is consistent with the bias of our sample towards CGs of type B, which represents the most active phase in the evolution of the groups. In these groups we also find a strong correlation between asymmetries and nuclear activity in early-type galaxies. This correlation allows us to identify tidal interactions and mergers as the cause of galaxy morphology transformation in CGs.[abridge

R. Coziol; I. Plauchu-Frayn

2007-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

414

The Magellanic Bridge: The Nearest Purely Tidal Stellar Population  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report on observations of the stellar populations in twelve fields spanning the region between the Magellanic Clouds, made with the Mosaic-II camera on the 4-meter telescope at the Cerro-Tololo Inter-American Observatory. The two main goals of the observations are to characterize the young stellar population (which presumably formed in situ in the Bridge and therefore represents the nearest stellar population formed from tidal debris), and to search for an older stellar component (which would have been stripped from either Cloud as stars, by the same tidal forces which formed the gaseous Bridge). We determine the star-formation history of the young inter-Cloud population, which provides a constraint on the timing of the gravitational interaction which formed the Bridge. We do not detect an older stellar population belonging to the Bridge in any of our fields, implying that the material that was stripped from the Clouds to form the Magellanic Bridge was very nearly a pure gas.

Jason Harris

2006-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

415

Advanced Pellet Cladding Interaction Modeling Using the US DOE CASL Fuel Performance Code: Peregrine  

SciTech Connect

The US DOE’s Consortium for Advanced Simulation of LWRs (CASL) program has undertaken an effort to enhance and develop modeling and simulation tools for a virtual reactor application, including high fidelity neutronics, fluid flow/thermal hydraulics, and fuel and material behavior. The fuel performance analysis efforts aim to provide 3-dimensional capabilities for single and multiple rods to assess safety margins and the impact of plant operation and fuel rod design on the fuel thermomechanical- chemical behavior, including Pellet-Cladding Interaction (PCI) failures and CRUD-Induced Localized Corrosion (CILC) failures in PWRs. [1-3] The CASL fuel performance code, Peregrine, is an engineering scale code that is built upon the MOOSE/ELK/FOX computational FEM framework, which is also common to the fuel modeling framework, BISON [4,5]. Peregrine uses both 2-D and 3-D geometric fuel rod representations and contains a materials properties and fuel behavior model library for the UO2 and Zircaloy system common to PWR fuel derived from both open literature sources and the FALCON code [6]. The primary purpose of Peregrine is to accurately calculate the thermal, mechanical, and chemical processes active throughout a single fuel rod during operation in a reactor, for both steady state and off-normal conditions.

Jason Hales; Various

2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

Mercury Dynamics in a San Francisco Estuary Tidal Wetland: Assessing Dynamics Using In Situ Measurements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mercury Dynamics in a San Francisco Estuary Tidal Wetland: Assessing Dynamics Using In Situ the tidally driven exchange of mercury (Hg) between the waters of the San Francisco estuary and Browns Island, respectively--together predicted 94 % of the observed variability in measured total mercury concentra- tion

Boss, Emmanuel S.

417

Transport and Resuspension of Fine Particles in a Tidal Boundary Layer near a Small Peninsula  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The authors present a theory on the transport and resuspension of fine particles in a tidal boundary layer when the ambient tidal flow is nonuniform due to a peninsula along the coastline. As a first step toward better physical understanding the ...

Chiang C. Mei; Chimin Chian; Feng Ye

1998-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

Cross-shore sediment transport and the equilibrium morphology of mudflats under tidal currents  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cross-shore sediment transport and the equilibrium morphology of mudflats under tidal currents D of suspended sediment transport under cross-shore tidal currents on an intertidal mudflat. We employ a Lagrangian formulation to obtain periodic solutions for the sediment transport over idealized bathymetries

Hogg, Andrew

419

Modeling the imaging performance of prototype organic x-ray imagers  

SciTech Connect

A unified Monte Carlo and cascaded systems model for the simulation of active-matrix flat-panel imagers is presented. With few input parameters, the model simulated the imaging performance of previously measured flat-panel imagers with reasonable accuracy. The model is used to predict the properties of conceptual flat-panel imagers based on organic semiconductors on plastic substrates. The model suggests that significant improvements in resolution and detective quantum efficiency could be achieved by operating such a detector in a back-side illuminated configuration, or by employing two imaging arrays arranged face-to-face. The effect of semiconductor properties on the conceptual imagers is investigated. According to the model, a photodiode quantum efficiency of 25% and dark current of less than 100 pA mm{sup -2} would be satisfactory for a prototype imager, while a competitive imager would require a photodiode quantum efficiency of 40-50% with a dark current of less than 10 pA mm{sup -2} to be quantum limited over the radiographic exposure range.

Blakesley, J. C.; Speller, R. [Department of Medical Physics and Bioengineering, University College London, London WC1E 6BT, United Kingdom and Department of Physics, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB3 OHE (United Kingdom); Department of Medical Physics and Bioengineering, University College London, London WC1E 6BT (United Kingdom)

2008-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

420

Unit physics performance of a mix model in Eulerian fluid computations  

SciTech Connect

In this report, we evaluate the performance of a K-L drag-buoyancy mix model, described in a reference study by Dimonte-Tipton [1] hereafter denoted as [D-T]. The model was implemented in an Eulerian multi-material AMR code, and the results are discussed here for a series of unit physics tests. The tests were chosen to calibrate the model coefficients against empirical data, principally from RT (Rayleigh-Taylor) and RM (Richtmyer-Meshkov) experiments, and the present results are compared to experiments and to results reported in [D-T]. Results show the Eulerian implementation of the mix model agrees well with expectations for test problems in which there is no convective flow of the mass averaged fluid, i.e., in RT mix or in the decay of homogeneous isotropic turbulence (HIT). In RM shock-driven mix, the mix layer moves through the Eulerian computational grid, and there are differences with the previous results computed in a Lagrange frame [D-T]. The differences are attributed to the mass averaged fluid motion and examined in detail. Shock and re-shock mix are not well matched simultaneously. Results are also presented and discussed regarding model sensitivity to coefficient values and to initial conditions (IC), grid convergence, and the generation of atomically mixed volume fractions.

Vold, Erik [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Douglass, Rod [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2011-01-25T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "modeling performance tidal" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
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421

Performance modeling of an integral, self-regulating cesium reservoir for the ATI-TFE  

SciTech Connect

This work covers the performance modeling of an integral metal-matrix cesium-graphite reservoir for operation in the Advanced Thermionic Initiative-Thermionic Fuel Element (ATI-TFE) converter configuration. The objectives of this task were to incorporate an intercalated cesium-graphite reservoir for the 3C[sub 24]Cs[r arrow]2C[sub 36]Cs+Cs[sub (g)] two phase equilibrium reaction into the emitter lead region of the ATI-TFE. A semi two-dimensional, cylindrical TFE computer model was used to obtain thermal and electrical converter output characteristics for various reservoir locations. The results of this study are distributions for the interelectrode voltage, output current density, and output power density as a function of axial position along the TFE emitter. This analysis was accomplished by identifying an optimum cesium pressure for three representative pins in the ATI driverless'' reactor core and determining the corresponding position of the graphite reservoir in the ATI-TFE lead region. The position for placement of the graphite reservoir was determined by performing a first-order heat transfer analysis of the TFE lead region to determine its temperature distribution. The results of this analysis indicate that for the graphite reservoirs investigated the 3C[sub 24]Cs[r arrow]2C[sub 36]Cs+Cs[sub (g)] equilibrium reaction reservoir is ideal for placement in the TFE emitter lead region. This reservoir can be directly coupled to the emitter, through conduction, to provide the desired cesium pressure for optimum performance. The cesium pressure corresponding to the optimum converter output performance was found to be 2.18 torr for the ATI core least power TFE, 2.92 torr for the average power TFE, and 4.93 torr for the maximum power TFE.

Thayer, K.L.; Ramalingam, M.L. (UES, In., 4401 Dayton-Xenia Road, Dayton, Ohio 45432-1894 (United States)); Young, T.J. (Aerospace Power Division, Wright Laboratory/POOC, Wright-Patterson AFB, Ohio 45433-6563 (United States))

1993-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

422

The effect of simplifying the building description on the numerical modeling of its thermal performance  

SciTech Connect

A thermal building simulation program is a numerical model that calculates the response of the building envelopes to weather and human activity, simulates dynamic heating and cooling loads, and heating and cooling distribution systems, and models building equipment operation. The scope of the research is to supply the users of such programs with information about the dangers and benefits of simplifying the input to their models. The Introduction describes the advantages of modeling the heat transfer mechanisms in a building. The programs that perform this type of modeling have, however, limitations. The user is therefore often put in the situation of simplifying the floor plans of the building under study, but not being able to check the effects that this approximation introduces in the results of the simulation. Chapter 1 is a description of methods. It also introduces the floor plans for the office building under study and the ``reasonable`` floor plans simplifications. Chapter 2 presents DOE-2, the thermal building simulation program used in the sensitivity study. The evaluation of the accuracy of the DOE-2 program itself is also presented. Chapter 3 contains the sensitivity study. The complicated nature of the process of interpreting the temperature profile inside a space leads to the necessity of defining different building modes. The study compares the results from the model of the detailed building description with the results from the models of the same building having simplified floor plans. The conclusion is reached that a study of the effects of simplifying the floor plans of a building is important mainly for defining the cases in which this approximation is acceptable. Different results are obtained for different air conditioning/load regimes of the building. 9 refs., 24 figs.

Stetiu, C.

1993-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Modeling and dynamic performance evaluation of target capture in robotic systems  

SciTech Connect

In this paper, a dynamic system consisting of a robot manipulator and a target is analyzed. The target is considered in a general way as a dynamic subsystem having finite mass and moments of inertia (e.g., a rigid body or a second robot). The situation investigated is when the robot establishes interaction with the target in such a way that it intercepts and captures a reference element of the target. The analysis of target capture is divided into three phases in terms of time: the precapture, free motion (finite motion); the transition from free to constrained motion in the vicinity of interception and capture (impulsive motion); and the postcapture, constrained motion (finite motion). The greatest attention is paid to the analysis of the phase of transition, the impulsive motion, and dynamics of the system. Based on the use of impulsive constraints and the Jourdainian formulation of analytical dynamics, a novel approach is proposed for the dynamic modeling of target capture by a robot manipulator. The proposed approach is suitable to handle both finite and impulsive motions in a common analytical framework. Based on the dynamic model developed and using a geometric representation of the system's dynamics, a detailed analysis and a performance evaluation framework are presented for the phase of transition. Both rigid and structurally flexible models of robots are considered. For the performance evaluation analyses, two main concepts are proposed and corresponding performance measures are derived. These tools may be used in the analysis, design, and control of time-varying robotic systems. The dynamic system of a three-link robot arm capturing a rigid body is used to illustrate the material presented.

Koevecses, J.; Cleghorn, W.L.; Fenton, R.G.

2000-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Foundation Heat Exchanger Final Report: Demonstration, Measured Performance, and Validated Model and Design Tool  

SciTech Connect

Geothermal heat pumps, sometimes called ground-source heat pumps (GSHPs), have been proven capable of significantly reducing energy use and peak demand in buildings. Conventional equipment for controlling the temperature and humidity of a building, or supplying hot water and fresh outdoor air, must exchange energy (or heat) with the building's outdoor environment. Equipment using the ground as a heat source and heat sink consumes less non-renewable energy (electricity and fossil fuels) because the earth is cooler than outdoor air in summer and warmer in winter. The most important barrier to rapid growth of the GSHP industry is high first cost of GSHP systems to consumers. The most common GSHP system utilizes a closed-loop ground heat exchanger. This type of GSHP system can be used almost anywhere. There is reason to believe that reducing the cost of closed-loop systems is the strategy that would achieve the greatest energy savings with GSHP technology. The cost premium of closed-loop GSHP systems over conventional space conditioning and water heating systems is primarily associated with drilling boreholes or excavating trenches, installing vertical or horizontal ground heat exchangers, and backfilling the excavations. This project investigates reducing the cost of horizontal closed-loop ground heat exchangers by installing them in the construction excavations, augmented when necessary with additional trenches. This approach applies only to new construction of residential and light commercial buildings or additions to such buildings. In the business-as-usual scenario, construction excavations are not used for the horizontal ground heat exchanger (HGHX); instead the HGHX is installed entirely in trenches dug specifically for that purpose. The potential cost savings comes from using the construction excavations for the installation of ground heat exchangers, thereby minimizing the need and expense of digging additional trenches. The term foundation heat exchanger (FHX) has been coined to refer exclusively to ground heat exchangers installed in the overcut around the basement walls. The primary technical challenge undertaken by this project was the development and validation of energy performance models and design tools for FHX. In terms of performance modeling and design, ground heat exchangers in other construction excavations (e.g., utility trenches) are no different from conventional HGHX, and models and design tools for HGHX already exist. This project successfully developed and validated energy performance models and design tools so that FHX or hybrid FHX/HGHX systems can be engineered with confidence, enabling this technology to be applied in residential and light commercial buildings. The validated energy performance model also addresses and solves another problem, the longstanding inadequacy in the way ground-building thermal interaction is represented in building energy models, whether or not there is a ground heat exchanger nearby. Two side-by-side, three-level, unoccupied research houses with walkout basements, identical 3,700 ft{sup 2} floor plans, and hybrid FHX/HGHX systems were constructed to provide validation data sets for the energy performance model and design tool. The envelopes of both houses are very energy efficient and airtight, and the HERS ratings of the homes are 44 and 45 respectively. Both houses are mechanically ventilated with energy recovery ventilators, with space conditioning provided by water-to-air heat pumps with 2 ton nominal capacities. Separate water-to-water heat pumps with 1.5 ton nominal capacities were used for water heating. In these unoccupied research houses, human impact on energy use (hot water draw, etc.) is simulated to match the national average. At House 1 the hybrid FHX/HGHX system was installed in 300 linear feet of excavation, and 60% of that was construction excavation (needed to construct the home). At House 2 the hybrid FHX/HGHX system was installed in 360 feet of excavation, 50% of which was construction excavation. There are six pipes in all excavations (three par

Hughes, Patrick [ORNL; Im, Piljae [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Tidal Waves -- a non-adiabatic microscopic description of the yrast states in near-spherical nuclei  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The yrast states of nuclei that are spherical or weakly deformed in their ground states are described as quadrupole waves running over the nuclear surface, which we call "tidal waves". The energies and E2 transition probabilities of the yrast states in nuclides with $Z$= 44, 46, 48 and $N=56, ~58,..., 66$ are calculated by means of the cranking model in a microscopic way. The nonlinear response of the nucleonic orbitals results in a strong coupling between shape and single particle degrees of freedom.

S. Frauendorf; Y. Gu; J. Sun

2011-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

426

Energy Department Invests $16 Million to Harness Wave and Tidal Energy |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

6 Million to Harness Wave and Tidal 6 Million to Harness Wave and Tidal Energy Energy Department Invests $16 Million to Harness Wave and Tidal Energy August 29, 2013 - 2:35pm Addthis News Media Contact (202) 586-4940 WASHINGTON - As part of the Obama Administration's all-of-the-above strategy to deploy every available source of American energy, the Energy Department today announced $16 million for seventeen projects to help sustainably and efficiently capture energy from waves, tides and currents. Together, these projects will increase the power production and reliability of wave and tidal devices and help gather valuable data on how deployed devices interact with the surrounding environment. "Wave and tidal energy represent a large, untapped resource for the United States and responsible development of this clean, renewable energy

427

Earth Tidal Analysis At Raft River Geothermal Area (1982) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Tidal Analysis At Raft River Geothermal Area Tidal Analysis At Raft River Geothermal Area (1982) Exploration Activity Details Location Raft River Geothermal Area Exploration Technique Earth Tidal Analysis Activity Date 1982 Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown Exploration Basis To estimate subsurface fracture orientation based on an analysis of solid earth tidal strains. Notes A new practical method has been developed. The tidal strain fracture orientation technique is a passive method which has no depth limitation. The orientation of either natural or hydraulically stimulated fractures can be measured using either new or old static observation wells. Estimates for total compressibility and areal interconnected porosity can also be developed for reservoirs with matrix permeability using a combination of

428

Energy Department Invests $16 Million to Develop Wave and Tidal Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

6 Million to Develop Wave and Tidal 6 Million to Develop Wave and Tidal Energy Technologies Energy Department Invests $16 Million to Develop Wave and Tidal Energy Technologies August 29, 2013 - 12:00pm Addthis Image of machinery to generate energy using tides. As part of the Obama Administration's all-of-the-above strategy to deploy every available source of American energy, the Energy Department today announced $16 million for seventeen projects to help sustainably and efficiently capture energy from waves, tides, and currents. Together, these projects will increase the power production and reliability of wave and tidal devices and help gather valuable data on how deployed devices interact with the surrounding environment. "Wave and tidal energy represent a large, untapped resource for the United

429

Maine Project Takes Historic Step Forward in U.S. Tidal Energy Deployment |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Maine Project Takes Historic Step Forward in U.S. Tidal Energy Maine Project Takes Historic Step Forward in U.S. Tidal Energy Deployment Maine Project Takes Historic Step Forward in U.S. Tidal Energy Deployment May 4, 2012 - 12:11pm Addthis Cobscook Bay, Maine, is the site of a tidal energy pilot project led by Ocean Renewable Power Company. | Photo courtesy of Ocean Renewable Power Company. Cobscook Bay, Maine, is the site of a tidal energy pilot project led by Ocean Renewable Power Company. | Photo courtesy of Ocean Renewable Power Company. Hoyt Battey Water Power Market Acceleration and Deployment Team Lead, Wind and Water Power Program What does this project do? ORPC will deploy cross flow turbine devices in Cobscook Bay, at the mouth of the Bay of Fundy. These devices are designed to generate electricity over a range of

430

Maine Project Takes Historic Step Forward in U.S. Tidal Energy Deployment |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Maine Project Takes Historic Step Forward in U.S. Tidal Energy Maine Project Takes Historic Step Forward in U.S. Tidal Energy Deployment Maine Project Takes Historic Step Forward in U.S. Tidal Energy Deployment May 4, 2012 - 12:11pm Addthis Cobscook Bay, Maine, is the site of a tidal energy pilot project led by Ocean Renewable Power Company. | Photo courtesy of Ocean Renewable Power Company. Cobscook Bay, Maine, is the site of a tidal energy pilot project led by Ocean Renewable Power Company. | Photo courtesy of Ocean Renewable Power Company. Hoyt Battey Water Power Market Acceleration and Deployment Team Lead, Wind and Water Power Program What does this project do? ORPC will deploy cross flow turbine devices in Cobscook Bay, at the mouth of the Bay of Fundy. These devices are designed to generate electricity over a range of

431

Association of a planetary tidal effect with the time variation of the ~13.5 day component of geomagnetic activity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We show that there is a previously unreported quad-annual variation in the ~13.5 day component of the aa index of geomagnetic activity. We derive a model based on the planetary tidal effect at the solar surface due to Mercury and Jupiter that, when combined with an equinoctial response of the magnetosphere, predicts the times of occurrence of predominantly quad-annual variation or predominantly semi-annual variation in the ~13.5 day component of the aa index. In support of the model we show that, during years when the quad-annual variation in the ~13.5 day component of aa index is predominant there is a large component at the 88 day periodicity of Mercury in the ~13.5 day component of solar wind speed. As further support for the model we establish that significant peaks in the aa index spectrum are due to an 88 day modulation of 27 day period solar activity. The model also predicts the occurrence of planetary tidal effect maximum in anti-phase with solar cycle maximums around 1970 and we show this is consiste...

Edmonds, I R

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Assessment of Projected Life-Cycle Costs for Wave, Tidal, Ocean Current, and In-Stream Hydrokinetic Power  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Assessment of Projected Life-Cycle Costs for Wave, Tidal, Ocean Current, and In-Stream Hydrokinetic Power

433

Renewable Power Options for Electrical Generation on Kaua'i: Economics and Performance Modeling  

SciTech Connect

The Hawaii Clean Energy Initiative (HCEI) is working with a team led by the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) to assess the economic and technical feasibility of increasing the contribution of renewable energy in Hawaii. This part of the HCEI project focuses on working with Kaua'i Island Utility Cooperative (KIUC) to understand how to integrate higher levels of renewable energy into the electric power system of the island of Kaua'i. NREL partnered with KIUC to perform an economic and technical analysis and discussed how to model PV inverters in the electrical grid.

Burman, K.; Keller, J.; Kroposki, B.; Lilienthal, P.; Slaughter, R.; Glassmire, J.

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

PORFLOW MODELING FOR A PRELIMINARY ASSESSMENT OF THE PERFORMANCE OF NEW SALTSTONE DISPOSAL UNIT DESIGNS  

SciTech Connect

At the request of Savannah River Remediation (SRR), SRNL has analyzed the expected performance obtained from using seven 32 million gallon Saltstone Disposal Units (SDUs) in the Z-Area Saltstone Disposal Facility (SDF) to store future saltstone grout. The analysis was based on preliminary SDU final design specifications. The analysis used PORFLOW modeling to calculate the release of 20 radionuclides from an SDU and transport of the radionuclides and daughters through the vadose zone. Results from this vadose zone analysis were combined with previously calculated releases from existing saltstone vaults and FDCs and a second PORFLOW model run to calculate aquifer transport to assessment points located along a boundary 100 m from the nearest edge of the SDF sources. Peak concentrations within 12 sectors spaced along the 100 m boundary were determined over a period of evaluation extending 20,000 years after SDF closure cap placement. These peak concentrations were provided to SRR to use as input for dose calculations.

Smith, F.

2012-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

435

Performance of corrosion inhibiting admixtures for structural concrete -- assessment methods and predictive modeling  

SciTech Connect

During the past fifteen years corrosion inhibiting admixtures (CIAs) have become increasingly popular for protection of reinforced components of highway bridges and other structures from damage induced by chlorides. However, there remains considerable debate about the benefits of CIAs in concrete. A variety of testing methods to assess the performance of CIA have been reported in the literature, ranging from tests in simulated pore solutions to long-term exposures of concrete slabs. The paper reviews the published techniques and recommends the methods which would make up a comprehensive CIA effectiveness testing program. The results of this set of tests would provide the data which can be used to rank the presently commercially available CIA and future candidate formulations utilizing a proposed predictive model. The model is based on relatively short-term laboratory testing and considers several phases of a service life of a structure (corrosion initiation, corrosion propagation without damage, and damage to the structure).

Yunovich, M.; Thompson, N.G. [CC Technologies Labs., Inc., Dublin, OH (United States)

1998-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

436

MHK Technologies/MORILD 2 Floating Tidal Power System | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

MORILD 2 Floating Tidal Power System MORILD 2 Floating Tidal Power System < MHK Technologies Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage MORILD 2 Floating Tidal Power System.jpg Technology Profile Primary Organization Hydra Tidal Energy Technology AS Project(s) where this technology is utilized *MHK Projects/Morild 2 Technology Resource Click here Current/Tidal Technology Type Click here Axial Flow Turbine Technology Readiness Level Click here TRL 7/8: Open Water System Testing & Demonstration & Operation Technology Description Hydra Tidal´s Morild II tidal power plant technology at-a-glance: - A unique and patented floating tidal power plant - Prototype has an installed effect of 1,5 MW - Turbine diameter of 23 meters - Each turbine is pitchable - 4 turbines with a total of 8 turbine blades - Unique wooden turbine blades - The MORILD II can be anchored at different depths, thus it can be positioned in spots with ideal tidal stream conditions - The plant carries a sea vessel verification, and is both towable and dockable - The floating installation enables maintenance in surface position, and on site - The MORILD II will be remotely operated, and has on-shore surveillance systems - Technology patented for all relevant territories The Morild power plant is a floating, moored construction based on the same principle as horizontal axis wind turbines. The plant has 4 two-blade underwater turbines and can utilize the energy potential in tidal and ocean currents. The 4 turbines transmit power via hydraulic transmission to 2 synchronous generators. Can be pitched 180 degrees to utilize energy in both directions. A cable from the transformer on the prototype to shore transfers energy.

437

Modeling of fixed bed methanation reactor for syngas production: Operating window and performance characteristics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The present work focuses on the development of phenomenological model for the bio-syngas to methane conversion process. One dimensional heterogeneous and pseudo-homogeneous model were simulated for a typical pilot plant scale fixed bed methanator processing 55 mol/h of CO (total molar flow rate of 310 mol/h) with inlet composition of H2/CO = 3, CO2/CO = 1, CH4/CO = 0.5 at 550 K and 1 atm. Performance of the fixed bed reactor at different operating conditions like CO2/CO ratio, H2/CO ratio, effect of H2O in the feed was studied. It was found that for feeds that were not pre-enriched with hydrogen, presence of water and water gas shift activity was found to decrease the catalyst inventory substantially. CO2 in the inlet feed stream would help to decrease the temperature due to dilution effect and more importantly, can be chosen to maximize methane yield per mole of CO converted. Further, the model was simulated to predict the performance characteristics of reactor with a mixture containing two types of catalyst, one of them being specifically added to increase H2/CO ratio in feed through water gas shift reaction. The work also laid the importance of incorporating pore diffusion and external mass transfer locally in the computation of actual catalyst inventory and reactor volume. The work was useful in selection of operating window and assessing the various viable options for an industrial reactor. The model developed will serve in selection of operability window for commercialization of substitute natural gas synthesis (SNG) process.

Naren Rajan Parlikkad; Stéphane Chambrey; Pascal Fongarland; Nouria Fatah; Andrei Khodakov; Sandra Capela; Olivier Guerrini

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

Summary Results for Brine Migration Modeling Performed by LANL LBNL and SNL for the UFD Program  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes laboratory and field observations and numerical modeling related to coupled processes involving brine and vapor migration in geologic salt, focusing on recent developments and studies conducted at Sandia, Los Alamos, and Berkeley National Laboratories. Interest into the disposal of heat-generating waste in salt has led to interest into water distribution and migration in both run-of-mine crushed and intact geologic salt. Ideally a fully coupled thermal-hydraulic-mechanical-chemical simulation is performed using numerical models with validated constitutive models and parameters. When mechanical coupling is not available, mechanical effects are prescribed in hydraulic models as source, boundary, or initial conditions. This report presents material associated with developing appropriate initial conditions for a non-mechanical hydrologic simulation of brine migration in salt. Due to the strong coupling between the mechanical and hydrologic problems, the initial saturation will be low for the excavation disturbed zone surrounding the excavation. Although most of the material in this report is not new, the author hopes it is presented in a format making it useful to other salt researchers.

Kuhlman, Kristopher L.

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Coupling a Transient Solvent Extraction Module with the Separations and Safeguards Performance Model  

SciTech Connect

A past difficulty in safeguards design for reprocessing plants is that no code existed for analysis and evaluation of the design. A number of codes have been developed in the past, but many are dated, and no single code is able to cover all aspects of materials accountancy, process monitoring, and diversion scenario analysis. The purpose of this work was to integrate a transient solvent extraction simulation module developed at Oak Ridge National Laboratory, with the SSPM Separations and Safeguards Performance Model, developed at Sandia National Laboratory, as a first step toward creating a more versatile design and evaluation tool. The SSPM was designed for materials accountancy and process monitoring analyses, but previous versions of the code have included limited detail on the chemical processes, including chemical separations. The transient solvent extraction model is based on the ORNL SEPHIS code approach to consider solute build up in a bank of contactors in the PUREX process. Combined, these capabilities yield a much more robust transient separations and safeguards model for evaluating safeguards system design. This coupling and the initial results are presented. In addition, some observations toward further enhancement of separations and safeguards modeling based on this effort are provided, including: items to be addressed in integrating legacy codes, additional improvements needed for a fully functional solvent extraction module, and recommendations for future integration of other chemical process modules.

de Almeida, Valmor F [ORNL; Birdwell Jr, Joseph F [ORNL; DePaoli, David W [ORNL; Gauld, Ian C [ORNL

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

Coupling a transient solvent extraction module with the separations and safeguards performance model.  

SciTech Connect

A number of codes have been developed in the past for safeguards analysis, but many are dated, and no single code is able to cover all aspects of materials accountancy, process monitoring, and diversion scenario analysis. The purpose of this work was to integrate a transient solvent extraction simulation module developed at Oak Ridge National Laboratory, with the Separations and Safeguards Performance Model (SSPM), developed at Sandia National Laboratory, as a first step toward creating a more versatile design and evaluation tool. The SSPM was designed for materials accountancy and process monitoring analyses, but previous versions of the code have included limited detail on the chemical processes, including chemical separations. The transient solvent extraction model is based on the ORNL SEPHIS code approach to consider solute build up in a bank of contactors in the PUREX process. Combined, these capabilities yield a more robust transient separations and safeguards model for evaluating safeguards system design. This coupling and initial results are presented. In addition, some observations toward further enhancement of separations and safeguards modeling based on this effort are provided, including: items to be addressed in integrating legacy codes, additional improvements needed for a fully functional solvent extraction module, and recommendations for future integration of other chemical process modules.

DePaoli, David W. (Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN); Birdwell, Joseph F. (Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN); Gauld, Ian C. (Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN); Cipiti, Benjamin B.; de Almeida, Valmor F. (Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN)

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "modeling performance tidal" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Optimization of Computational Performance and Accuracy in 3?D Transient CFD Model for CFB Hydrodynamics Predictions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This work aims to present a pure 3?D CFD model accurate and efficient for the simulation of a pilot scale CFB hydrodynamics. The accuracy of the model was investigated as a function of the numerical parameters in order to derive an optimum model setup with respect to computational cost. The necessity of the in depth examination of hydrodynamics emerges by the trend to scale up CFBCs. This scale up brings forward numerous design problems and uncertainties which can be successfully elucidated by CFD techniques. Deriving guidelines for setting a computational efficient model is important as the scale of the CFBs grows fast while computational power is limited. However the optimum efficiency matter has not been investigated thoroughly in the literature as authors were more concerned for their models accuracy and validity. The objective of this work is to investigate the parameters that influence the efficiency and accuracy of CFB computational fluid dynamics models find the optimum set of these parameters and thus establish this technique as a competitive method for the simulation and design of industrial large scale beds where the computational cost is otherwise prohibitive. During the tests that were performed in this work the influence of turbulence modeling approach time and space density and discretization schemes were investigated on a 1.2 MWth CFB test rig. Using Fourier analysis dominant frequencies were extracted in order to estimate the adequate time period for the averaging of all instantaneous values. The compliance with the experimental measurements was very good. The basic differences between the predictions that arose from the various model setups were pointed out and analyzed. The results showed that a model with high order space discretization schemes when applied on a coarse grid and averaging of the instantaneous scalar values for a 20 sec period adequately described the transient hydrodynamic behaviour of a pilot CFB while the computational cost was kept low. Flow patterns inside the bed such as the core?annulus flow and the transportation of clusters were at least qualitatively captured.

I. Rampidis; A. Nikolopoulos; N. Koukouzas; P. Grammelis; E. Kakaras

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Improving thermosyphon solar domestic hot water system model performance. Final report, March 1994--February 1995  

SciTech Connect

Data from an indoor solar simulator experimental performance test is used to develop a systematic calibration procedure for a computer model of a thermosyphoning, solar domestic hot water heating system with a tank-in-tank heat exchanger. Calibration is performed using an indoor test with a simulated solar collector to adjust heat transfer in the heat exchanger and heat transfer between adjacent layers of water in the storage tank. An outdoor test is used to calibrate the calculation of the friction drop in the closed collector loop. Additional indoor data with forced flow in the annulus of the heat exchanger leads to improved heat transfer correlations for the inside and outside regions of the tank-in-tank heat exchanger. The calibrated simulation model is compared to several additional outdoor tests both with and without auxiliary heating. Integrated draw energies are predicted with greater accuracy and draw temperature profiles match experimental results to a better degree. Auxiliary energy input predictions improve significantly. 63 figs., 29 tabs.

Swift, T.N.

1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Performance Task using Video Analysis and Modelling to promote K12 eight practices of science  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We will share on the use of Tracker as a pedagogical tool in the effective learning and teaching of physics performance tasks taking root in some Singapore Grade 9 (Secondary 3) schools. We discuss the pedagogical use of Tracker help students to be like scientists in these 6 to 10 weeks where all Grade 9 students are to conduct a personal video analysis and where appropriate the 8 practices of sciences (1. ask question, 2. use models, 3. Plan and carry out investigation, 4. Analyse and interpret data, 5. Using mathematical and computational thinking, 6. Construct explanations, 7. Discuss from evidence and 8. Communicating information). We will situate our sharing on actual students work and discuss how tracker could be an effective pedagogical tool. Initial research findings suggest that allowing learners conduct performance task using Tracker, a free open source video analysis and modelling tool, guided by the 8 practices of sciences and engineering, could be an innovative and effective way to mentor authent...

Wee, Loo Kang

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

High-resolution maps of solar collector performance using a climatological solar radiation model  

SciTech Connect

This paper will present a new methodology for producing estimates of the monthly and annual average performance of different types of flat-plate and concentrating solar collectors. The estimates are made on a uniform spatial grid with 40 km resolution. These estimates should be highly useful both to create maps to facilitate visualization of the solar resource, and as the basic data behind analytical studies of solar resources, deployment scenarios, CO{sub 2} mitigation strategies, and economic assessments. Their initial use of this methodology will be in the continental United States, where supporting data is available to evaluate the model outputs. In future years the authors hope to utilize this technique world-wide, especially in areas where the surface data are lacking. The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL, Golden, CO) has developed the Climatological Solar Radiation (CSR) model to estimate climatological averages of daily-total solar radiation at a 40 km spatial resolution. The CSR model is operational and has been usefully applied to the US as well as several international areas. The model uses, as input, monthly climatological mean values of cloud cover, precipitable water vapor, aerosol optical depth, surface albedo, and total column ozone. These input parameters are available from various sources such as NASA and NCDC (National Climatic Data Center). The outputs from the original version of CSR are monthly mean daily total values of Global Horizontal, Direct Normal, and Diffuse radiation. Their latest revision of the model allows them to calculate the monthly mean output for the various collector types such as tilted flat-plate surfaces, one- and two-axis flat-plate collectors, and concentrating collectors.

George, R.L.; Maxwell, E.L.

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

A combined wind wavetidal model for the Venice lagoon, Italy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A combined wind wave­tidal model for the Venice lagoon, Italy L. Carniello and A. Defina Department between waves and tide propagation. The combined wind wave­tidal model is applied to the Venice lagoon. Particular attention is devoted to the dissipation of wave energy at the steep boundaries between channels

Fagherazzi, Sergio

446

Blockage effects on the hydrodynamic performance of a marine cross-flow turbine  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...the hydrodynamic efficiency of the turbine for blockage ratios...0820.131. Turbine performance, kinetic and hydrodynamic efficiencies were only marginally...Crawford 2010 Overall efficiency of ducted tidal current turbines. In Proc. OCEANS...

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Prediction modeling of physiological responses and human performance in the heat  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Over the last two decades, our laboratory has been establishing the data base and developing a series of predictive equations for deep body temperature, heart rate and sweat loss responses of clothed soldiers performing physical work at various environmental extremes. Individual predictive equations for rectal temperature, heart rate and sweat loss as a function of the physical work intensity, environmental conditions and particular clothing ensemble have been published in the open literature. In addition, important modifying factors such as energy expenditure, state of heat acclimation and solar heat load have been evaluated and appropriate predictive equations developed. Currently, we have developed a comprehensive model which is programmed on a Hewlett-Packard 41 CV hand held calculator. The primary physiological inputs are deep body (rectal) temperature and sweat loss while the predicted outputs are the expected physical work-rest cycle, the maximum single physical work time if appropriate, and the associated water requirements. This paper presents the mathematical basis employed in the development of the various individual predictive equations of our heat stress model. In addition, our current heat stress prediction model as programmed on the HP 41 CV is discussed from the standpoint of propriety in meeting the Army's needs and therefore assisting in military mission accomplishment.

Kent B. Pandolf; Leander A. Stroschein; Lawrence L. Drolet; Richard R. Gonzalez; Michael N. Sawka

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Ecology of Juvenile Salmonids in Shallow Tidal Freshwater Habitats in the Vicinity of the Sandy River Delta, Lower Columbia River, 2007  

SciTech Connect

This document is the first annual report for the study titled “Ecology of Juvenile Salmonids in Shallow Tidal Freshwater Habitats in the Vicinity of the Sandy River Delta in the Lower Columbia River.” Hereafter, we refer to this research as the Tidal Freshwater Monitoring (TFM) Study. The study is part of the research, monitoring, and evaluation effort developed by the Action Agencies (Bonneville Power Administration, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, U.S. Bureau of Reclamation) in response to obligations arising from the Endangered Species Act as a result of operation of the Federal Columbia River Power System (FCRPS). The project is performed under the auspices of the Northwest Power and Conservation Council’s Columbia Basin Fish and Wildlife Program.

Sobocinski, Kathryn L.; Johnson, Gary E.; Sather, Nichole K.; Storch, Adam; Jones, Tucker A.; Mallette, Christine; Dawley, Earl M.; Skalski, John R.; Teel, David; Moran, Paul

2008-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

449

TRISO-Fuel Element Performance Modeling for the Hybrid LIFE Engine with Pu Fuel Blanket  

SciTech Connect

A TRISO-coated fuel thermo-mechanical performance study is performed for the hybrid LIFE engine to test the viability of TRISO particles to achieve ultra-high burnup of a weapons-grade Pu blanket. Our methodology includes full elastic anisotropy, time and temperature varying material properties for all TRISO layers, and a procedure to remap the elastic solutions in order to achieve fast fluences up to 30 x 10{sup 25} n {center_dot} m{sup -2} (E > 0.18 MeV). In order to model fast fluences in the range of {approx} 7 {approx} 30 x 10{sup 25} n {center_dot} m{sup -2}, for which no data exist, careful scalings and extrapolations of the known TRISO material properties are carried out under a number of potential scenarios. A number of findings can be extracted from our study. First, failure of the internal pyrolytic carbon (PyC) layer occurs within the first two months of operation. Then, the particles behave as BISO-coated particles, with the internal pressure being withstood directly by the SiC layer. Later, after 1.6 years, the remaining PyC crumbles due to void swelling and the fuel particle becomes a single-SiC-layer particle. Unrestrained by the PyC layers, and at the temperatures and fluences in the LIFE engine, the SiC layer maintains reasonably-low tensile stresses until the end-of-life. Second, the PyC creep constant, K, has a striking influence on the fuel performance of TRISO-coated particles, whose stresses scale almost inversely proportional to K. Obtaining more reliable measurements, especially at higher fluences, is an imperative for the fidelity of our models. Finally, varying the geometry of the TRISO-coated fuel particles results in little differences in the scope of fuel performance. The mechanical integrity of 2-cm graphite pebbles that act as fuel matrix has also been studied and it is concluded that they can reliable serve the entire LIFE burnup cycle without failure.

DeMange, P; Marian, J; Caro, M; Caro, A

2010-02-18T23:59:59.000Z

450

Biomass Gasification-Based Syngas Production for a Conventional Oxo Synthesis Plant—Process Modeling, Integration Opportunities, and Thermodynamic Performance  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Biomass Gasification-Based Syngas Production for a Conventional Oxo Synthesis Plant—Process Modeling, Integration Opportunities, and Thermodynamic Performance ... A small amount of steam (0.4 kton·y–1) is used to control the burner temperature. ...

Maria Arvidsson; Matteo Morandin; Simon Harvey

2014-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

451

Result Summary for the Area 5 Radioactive Waste Management Site Performance Assessment Model Version 4.113  

SciTech Connect

Preliminary results for Version 4.113 of the Nevada National Security Site Area 5 Radioactive Waste Management Site performance assessment model are summarized. Version 4.113 includes the Fiscal Year 2011 inventory estimate.

Shott, G. J.

2012-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

452

Benchmarking of the MIT High Temperature Gas-cooled Reactor TRISO-coated particle fuel performance model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MIT has developed a Coated Particle Fuel Performance Model to study the behavior of TRISO nuclear fuels. The code, TIMCOAT, is designed to assess the mechanical and chemical condition of populations of coated particles and ...

Stawicki, Michael A

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Determination of Electrochemical Performance and Thermo-Mechanical-Chemical Stability of SOFCs from Defect Modeling  

SciTech Connect

This research was focused on two distinct but related issues. The first issue concerned using defect modeling to understand the relationship between point defect concentration and the electrochemical, thermo-chemical and mechano-chemical properties of typical solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) materials. The second concerned developing relationships between the microstructural features of SOFC materials and their electrochemical performance. To understand the role point defects play in ceramics, a coherent analytical framework was used to develop expressions for the dependence of thermal expansion and elastic modulus on point defect concentration in ceramics. These models, collectively termed the continuum-level electrochemical model (CLEM), were validated through fits to experimental data from electrical conductivity, I-V characteristics, elastic modulus and thermo-chemical expansion experiments for (nominally pure) ceria, gadolinia-doped ceria (GDC) and yttria-stabilized zirconia (YSZ) with consistently good fits. The same values for the material constants were used in all of the fits, further validating our approach. As predicted by the continuum-level electrochemical model, the results reveal that the concentration of defects has a significant effect on the physical properties of ceramic materials and related devices. Specifically, for pure ceria and GDC, the elastic modulus decreased while the chemical expansion increased considerably in low partial pressures of oxygen. Conversely, the physical properties of YSZ remained insensitive to changes in oxygen partial pressure within the studied range. Again, the findings concurred exactly with the predictions of our analytical model. Indeed, further analysis of the results suggests that an increase in the point defect content weakens the attractive forces between atoms in fluorite-structured oxides. The reduction treatment effects on the flexural strength and the fracture toughness of pure ceria were also evaluated at room temperature. The results reveal that the flexural strength decreases significantly after heat treatment in very low oxygen partial pressure environments; however, in contrast, fracture toughness is increased by 30-40% when the oxygen partial pressure was decreased to 10{sup -20} to 10{sup -22} atm range. Fractographic studies show that microcracks developed at 800 oC upon hydrogen reduction are responsible for the decreased strength. To understand the role of microstructure on electrochemical performance, electrical impedance spectra from symmetric LSM/YSZ/LSM cells was de-convoluted to obtain the key electrochemical components of electrode performance, namely charge transfer resistance, surface diffusion of reactive species and bulk gas diffusion through the electrode pores. These properties were then related to microstructural features, such as triple-phase boundary length and tortuosity. From these experiments we found that the impedance due to oxygen adsorption obeys a power law with pore surface area, while the impedance due to charge transfer is found to obey a power-law with respect to triple phase boundary length. A model based on kinetic theory explaining the power-law relationships observed was then developed. Finally, during our EIS work on the symmetric LSM/YSZ/LSM cells a technique was developed to improve the quality of high-frequency impedance data and their subsequent de-convolution.

Eric Wachsman; Keith L. Duncan

2006-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

454

TRISO Fuel Performance: Modeling, Integration into Mainstream Design Studies, and Application to a Thorium-fueled Fusion-Fission Hybrid Blanket  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Quantification in Fuel Performance Modeling . . . . . . .3.4 Integration with Fuel Performance Calculations ivmicroscopic image of a TRISO fuel particle cracked open to

Powers, Jeffrey

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Performance and cost models for the direct sulfur recovery process. Task 1 Topical report, Volume 3  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this project is to develop performance and cost models of the Direct Sulfur Recovery Process (DSRP). The DSRP is an emerging technology for sulfur recovery from advanced power generation technologies such as Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle (IGCC) systems. In IGCC systems, sulfur present in the coal is captured by gas cleanup technologies to avoid creating emissions of sulfur dioxide to the atmosphere. The sulfur that is separated from the coal gas stream must be collected. Leading options for dealing with the sulfur include byproduct recovery as either sulfur or sulfuric acid. Sulfur is a preferred byproduct, because it is easier to handle and therefore does not depend as strongly upon the location of potential customers as is the case for sulfuric acid. This report describes the need for new sulfur recovery technologies.

Frey, H.C. [North Carolina State Univ., Raleigh, NC (United States); Williams, R.B. [Carneigie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA (United States)

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

Low Cost Carbon Fibre: Applications, Performance and Cost Models - Chapter 17  

SciTech Connect

Weight saving in automotive applications has a major bearing on fuel economy. It is generally accepted that, typically, a 10% weight reduction in an automobile will lead to a 6-8% improvement in fuel economy. In this respect, carbon fibre composites are extremely attractive in their ability to provide superlative mechanical performance per unit weight. That is why they are specified for high-end uses such as Formula 1 racing cars and the latest aircraft (e.g. Boeing 787, Airbus A350 and A380), where they comprise over 50% by weight of the structure However, carbon fibres are expensive and this renders their composites similarly expensive. Research has been carried out at Oak Ridge National Laboratories (ORNL), Tennessee, USA for over a decade with the aim of reducing the cost of carbon fibre such that it becomes a cost-effective option for the automotive industry. Aspects of this research relating to the development of low cost carbon fibre have been reported in Chapter 3 of this publication. In this chapter, the practical industrial applications of low-cost carbon fibre are presented, together with considerations of the performance and cost models which underpin the work.

Warren, Charles David [ORNL; Wheatley, Dr. Alan [University of Sunderland; Das, Sujit [ORNL

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Constructing probability distributions of uncertain variables in models of the performance of the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant: The 1990 performance simulations  

SciTech Connect

A five-step procedure was used in the 1990 performance simulations to construct probability distributions of the uncertain variables appearing in the mathematical models used to simulate the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant's (WIPP's) performance. This procedure provides a consistent approach to the construction of probability distributions in cases where empirical data concerning a variable are sparse or absent and minimizes the amount of spurious information that is often introduced into a distribution by assumptions of nonspecialist. The procedure gives first priority to the professional judgment of subject-matter experts and emphasizes the use of site-specific empirical data for the construction of the probability distributions when such data are available. In the absence of sufficient empirical data, the procedure employs the Maximum Entropy Formalism and the subject-matter experts' subjective estimates of the parameters of the distribution to construct a distribution that can be used in a performance simulation. 23 refs., 4 figs., 1 tab.

Tierney, M.S.

1990-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Promise and challenge of high-performance computing, with examples from molecular modelling  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Issue New science from high-performance computing organized by Richard Catlow...Promise and challenge of high-performance computing, with examples from molecular...the benefits offered by high-performance computing. The task will not be...

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

Performance Assessment Modeling for Savannah River Glass HLW Disposal in a Potential Repository at Yucca Mountain  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Performance assessment (PA) simulates the long-term performance of a conceptual geological repository for nuclear waste or the performance of a subsystem such as the engineered barrier system (drifts, waste pa...

W. J. O’Connell; W. L. Bourcier; J. Gansemer…

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Preliminary performance assessment for the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, December 1992. Volume 3, Model parameters: Sandia WIPP Project  

SciTech Connect

This volume documents model parameters chosen as of July 1992 that were used by the Performance Assessment Department of Sandia National Laboratories in its 1992 preliminary performance assessment of the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP). Ranges and distributions for about 300 modeling parameters in the current secondary data base are presented in tables for the geologic and engineered barriers, global materials (e.g., fluid properties), and agents that act upon the WIPP disposal system such as climate variability and human-intrusion boreholes. The 49 parameters sampled in the 1992 Preliminary Performance Assessment are given special emphasis with tables and graphics that provide insight and sources of data for each parameter.

Not Available

1992-12-29T23:59:59.000Z

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