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1

Hypothesis Testing in Smoothing Spline Models Anna Liu and Yuedong Wang  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hypothesis Testing in Smoothing Spline Models Anna Liu and Yuedong Wang October 10, 2002 Abstract This article provides a unified and comparative review of some existing test methods for the hypothesis of a parametric regression function using smooth- ing spline models. Some tests such as the locally most powerful

Wang, Yuedong

2

Robust Model-Free Multiclass Probability Estimation Yichao WU, Hao Helen ZHANG, and Yufeng LIU  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Classical statistical approaches for multiclass probability estimation are typically based on regression classification; SVM. 1. INTRODUCTION Multiclass probability estimation is an important problem in statisticsRobust Model-Free Multiclass Probability Estimation Yichao WU, Hao Helen ZHANG, and Yufeng LIU

Liu, Yufeng

3

Ping Liu  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Ping Liu Ping Liu Chemist Chemistry Department Building 555 Brookhaven National Laboratory P.O. Box 5000 Upton, NY 11973-5000 Phone: (631) 344-5970 FAX: (631) 344-5815 e-mail Catalysis: Reactivity and Structure Curriculum Vitae B.S.(Phys) Jilin University, P. R. China (June,1994) M.S.(Phys) Jilin University, P. R. China (June, 1997) Ph.D.(Phys) Jilin University, P. R. China (March, 2000) Assistant Professor, Technical University of Denmark, Denmark (May, 2000 - April, 2002) Research Associate, Brookhaven National Laboratory, USA (May, 2002 - 2005) Assistant Chemist, Brookhaven National Laboratory, USA (2005 - 2007) Associate Chemist, Brookhaven National Laboratory, USA (2007 - 2010) Chemist, Brookhaven National Laboratory, USA (2010 - present) Research interests Computational studies in heterogeneous catalysis and electro-catalysis: theoretical description of nanostructures, supported nanostructures, surfaces and their catalytic applications in petroleum refining of conventional fuel, the production, conversion and use of non-conventional fuels, such as hydrogen and alcohols, in fuel cell. Electronic structure calculations and kinetic modeling are employed.

4

Bobby Liu  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Storage Systems Group Storage Systems Group Technology Integration Group User Services Group Org Chart NERSC History NERSC Stakeholders NERSC Usage Demographics Careers Visitor Info Web Policies Home » About » Staff » PetaScale Post-docs » Bobby Liu Bobby Liu bobby.jpg WangYi "Bobby" Liu , Ph.D. Postdoctoral Fellow, CSE Petscale Initiative, National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center BobbyLiu@lbl.gov Phone: (510) 486-6378 , Fax: (510) 486-4316 Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory 1 Cyclotron Rd MS943-256 Berkeley, CA 94720 Biographical Sketch Originally from China, Liu completed his undergraduate degree in computational math at Peking University. He then moved to California to pursue a doctorate in mathematics at the University of California, Los Angeles. Liu will be working with the ALE-AMR code to add surface tension.

5

Yuzi Liu  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Nano-structure Characterization Nano-structure Characterization 1. Tu T. Truong, Yuzi Liu, Yang Ren , Lynn Trahey , and Yugang Sun, Morphological and crystalline evolution of nanostructured MnO2 and its application in Lithium-air batterie, ACS Nano 6, 8067 (2012) 2. Yuzi Liu, Daniel K, Schreiber, Amanda K, Petford-Long, Kai-Zhong Gao, Three- dimensional characterization of near-field transducers by electron tomography, Materials Characterization 72, 104-110 (2012). 3. Yugang Sun, Yang Ren, Yuzi Liu, Jianguo Wen, John S. Okasinski , Dean J. Miller, Ambient-stable tetragonal phase in silver nanostructure, Nature Communications 3, 971 (2012). 4. Mengchun Pan, Yuzi Liu, Guoren Bai, Seungbum Hong, Vinayak P. Dravid, and Amanda K. Petford-Long, Structure-property relationships in self-assembled

6

Yangang Liu | BNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Yangang Liu Yangang Liu Senior Scientist Liu is a Senior Scientist and the lead of the FASTER project. His scientific interests have been centering on atmospheric particle systems - aerosols, clouds and precipitation -, associated processes and interactions with Earth's climate. Research spans over a wide spectrum of topics, including aerosol/cloud physics, turbulence, light scattering, radiative transfer, remote sensing, and climate (change). Current research concentrates on development and evaluation of cloud-related parameterizations for models of various scales (from large eddy simulations to cloud-resolving models to numerical weather production models to climate models), and on the effects of aerosols on climate and climate change. Research activities combine development, integration and application of

7

Junjie Liu  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Junjie Liu Junjie Liu Assoc. Professor School of Environmental Science and Technology Tianjin University, China jjliu@tju.edu.cn This speaker was a visiting speaker who delivered a talk or talks on the date(s) shown at the links below. This speaker is not otherwise associated with Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, unless specifically identified as a Berkeley Lab staff member. Junjie Liu is an associate professor in School of Environmental Science and Technology, Tianjin University, China. He received his Ph.D. in Engineering Thermal Physics from Tianjin University and was a visiting scholar in Building Technology Group, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, from 1998 to 1999. He is the Committee Member of China Contamination Control Society (CCCS), Member of Chinese Association of Refrigeration and General

8

An EndtoEnd QoS Model and Management Architecture David Hull Arjun Shankar Klara Nahrstedt Jane W. S. Liu  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. S. Liu Department of Computer Science University of Illinois Urbana, IL 61801 Abstract A qualityAn End­to­End QoS Model and Management Architecture David Hull Arjun Shankar Klara Nahrstedt Jane W

Nahrstedt, Klara

9

PUBLISHED VERSION Yueqiang Liu, A. Kirk, Y. Sun  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PUBLISHED VERSION Yueqiang Liu, A. Kirk, Y. Sun Toroidal modeling of penetration of the resonant magnetic perturbation field Yueqiang Liu, A. Kirk, and Y. Sun Citation: Phys. Plasmas 20, 042503 (2013 modeling of penetration of the resonant magnetic perturbation field Yueqiang Liu,1,a) A. Kirk,1 and Y. Sun2

10

Curriculum Vitae TIJIANG LIU  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Curriculum Vitae TIJIANG LIU Department of Physics and Astronomy, Louisiana State University 202;Curriculum Vitae magnetic susceptibility measurement based on Magnetic Property Measurement System (MPMS

Adams, Philip W.

11

Preliminary Functional-Structural Modeling on Poplar (Salicaceae) Dongxiang Liu1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. It is cultivated in plantations not only for paper, wood products and energy, but also for soil erosion control [1 of poplar at growing season [6]. These models are helpful to understand crop production and management

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

12

Deshpande, B., H.C. Frey, Y. Cao, and Z. Liu, "Modeling of the Penetration of Ambient PM2.5 to Indoor Residential Microenvironment," Paper 2009-A-86-AWMA, Proceedings, 102nd Annual Conference and Exhibition, Air & Waste  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-PM residential indoor model indicates that air exchange rate, deposition rate and penetration factor affectDeshpande, B., H.C. Frey, Y. Cao, and Z. Liu, "Modeling of the Penetration of Ambient PM2 of the Penetration of Ambient PM2.5 to Indoor Residential Microenvironment Paper: 2009-A-86-AWMA Bela K. Deshpande, H

Frey, H. Christopher

13

liu-99.PDF  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Calibration of the Passive Cavity Aerosol Spectrometer Calibration of the Passive Cavity Aerosol Spectrometer Probe, Estimation of Refractive Index, and Closure of Light-Scattering Coefficients Y. Liu and P. H. Daum Brookhaven National Laboratory Environmental Chemistry Division Upton, New York Introduction Optical counters such as the Passive Cavity Aerosol Spectrometer Probe (PCASP) (PMS, Inc., Boulder, Colorado) are often calibrated with latex particles having a refractive index m = 1.588. Because refractive indices of ambient aerosols are often less than 1.588, the diameters measured by optical counters will be smaller than the real diameters. This underestimation of particle sizes will in turn cause an underestimation of calculated light-scattering coefficients. Such undersizing is a function of particle

14

Neutron Star Matter Including Delta Isobars Guang-Zhou Liu1,2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Neutron Star Matter Including Delta Isobars Guang-Zhou Liu1,2 , Wei Liu1 and En-Guang Zhao2 1 a new phase structure of neutron star matter including nucleons and delta isobars is presented. Particle fractions populated and pion condensations in neutron star matter are investgated in this model

Xu, Ren-Xin

15

Robust video denoising using low rank matrix completion , Chaoqiang Liu  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Robust video denoising using low rank matrix completion Hui Ji , Chaoqiang Liu , Zuowei Shen video denoising algorithms assume a sin- gle statistical model of image noise, e.g. additive Gaussian white noise, which often is violated in practice. In this pa- per, we present a new patch-based video

Shen, Zuowei

16

BNL | Chang-Jun Liu  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Chang-Jun Liu Chang-Jun Liu Research Interests Our research interests center on understanding the biosynthesis of plant phenylpropanoids, the molecular mechanisms underlying their metabolic regulation, as well as the biogenesis of cell wall lignocelluloses. Phenylpropanoids represent a large family of secondary metabolites. Their biosyntheses in terrestrial plants lead to the formation of a variety of phenolics and polyphenolics with diverse biological activities. For example, as a cell wall component, lignin imparts structural integrity to plant vasculature for water conductance and plant strength; as signaling molecules or phytoalexins, flavonoids and isoflavonoids modulate plant-environmental interactions or defense against phytopathogen infection; as cross-linker, phenolic esters bound to the cell wall

17

ORISE: Faculty Research Experiences - Dr. Thomas Liu  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Thomas Liu Thomas Liu Professor and student team develops flexible, free alternative to proprietary data analytics software Dr. Thomas Liu and Monty Bains Dr. Thomas Liu and Monty Bains research free web-based data analysis and visualization application as an alternative to common fee-based software. They are participating in the U.S. Department of Homeland Security's Summer Research Team Program for Minority Serving Institutions. The program is administered by the Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education. Photo courtesy of Tamra Carpenter, Rutgers University. Click image to enlarge. Fifteen years ago people could not imagine the capabilities they would soon have through the Internet and supporting programs. The evolution of web technology moves at such a fast pace that most people focus on keeping pace

18

Pricing Data Center Demand Response Zhenhua Liu, Iris Liu, Steven Low, Adam Wierman  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Pricing Data Center Demand Response Zhenhua Liu, Iris Liu, Steven Low, Adam Wierman California Institute of Technology Pasadena, CA, USA {zliu2,iliu,slow,adamw}@caltech.edu ABSTRACT Demand response- ularly promising industry for demand response: data centers. We use simulations to show that, not only

Wierman, Adam

19

On the Capacity of Hybrid Wireless Networks Benyuan Liu , Zhen Liu + , Don Towsley  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

infrastructure should be high enough. Keywords: Throughput capacity, hybrid wireless net­ works, ad hoc networks the infrastructure. While in a hybrid network, data may be forwarded in a multi­ hop fashion or throughOn the Capacity of Hybrid Wireless Networks Benyuan Liu #3; , Zhen Liu + , Don Towsley #3; #3

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

20

Yan Liu | Center for Bio-Inspired Solar Fuel Production  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Ana Moore Anne Jones Devens Gust Don Seo Giovanna Ghirlanda Hao Yan James Allen Kevin Redding Petra Fromme Thomas Moore Yan Liu Yan Liu Principal Investigator Phone: 480-727-0397...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "modeling changzheng liu" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Improving the Quality of 3D-QSAR by Using Flexible-Ligand Receptor Models Jianfeng Pei,, Hao Chen,, Zhenming Liu,, Xiaofeng Han,, Qi Wang,, Bin Shen,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. In 1994, Jain et al. reported a pseudoreceptor model consisting of receptor shape factors and van der and Center for Theoretical Biology, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China, and Computer Network receptor shapes; and (3) void receptor sites are specially favored in order to obtain open receptor models

Luhua, Lai

22

Shumeng Liu 601 West 112th  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Shumeng Liu 601 West 112th Street, Apt 6E New York, NY, 10025 Tel: +1-347-556-0403 E-mail: sl3611 that nitrification was enhanced due to the enrichment of nitrifiers 2010.11-2012.4 Rotating Disk Nano TiO2 nanotubes · Designed a Nano TiO2 photoelectric catalytic reactor · Analyzed the degradation performance

23

Hui-Hai Liu Earth Sciences Division  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Hui-Hai Liu Earth Sciences Division Ernest Orlando Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL, Department of Hydrogeology, Earth Sciences Division, Ernest Orlando Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Scientist (2004-present), Ernest Orlando Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. #12;2 1995-1997, Research

Ajo-Franklin, Jonathan

24

Learning Bicycle Stunts C. Karen Liu  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Learning Bicycle Stunts Jie Tan Yuting Gu C. Karen Liu Greg Turk Georgia Institute that is riding a bicycle. The two main components of our system are offline learning and online simulation. We sim- ulate the bicycle and the rider as an articulated rigid body system. The rider is controlled

Turk, Greg

25

Calder Query Grid Service: Insights and Experimental Evaluation Nithya N. Vijayakumar, Ying Liu and Beth Plale  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Calder Query Grid Service: Insights and Experimental Evaluation Nithya N. Vijayakumar, Ying Liu to a Grid services framework. Experimental results reveal limits on stream processing rates, providing customized access and mini- mal, efficient preprocessing. We model a data resource as a logical

Plale, Beth

26

Quantitative interface models for simulating microstructure evolution J.Z. Zhu *, T. Wang, S.H. Zhou, Z.K. Liu, L.Q. Chen  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-814-865- 2917. E-mail address: zhu@ems.psu.edu (J.Z. Zhu). 1359-6454/$30.00 ? 2003 Acta Materialia Inc Steidle Building, University Park, PA 16802, USA Received 27 May 2003; received in revised form 22 of each model as applied to microstructure evolution in alloys. ? 2003 Acta Materialia Inc. Published

Chen, Long-Qing

27

Universal field-emission model for carbon nanotubes on a metal tip D. Y. Zhong, G. Y. Zhang, and S. Liu  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Universal field-emission model for carbon nanotubes on a metal tip D. Y. Zhong, G. Y. Zhang, and S Electron-field-emission properties have been investigated systematically for carbon nanotubes CNTs.1063/1.1430507 Carbon nanotubes CNTs have excellent electron-field- emission properties because of their electronic

Zhang, Guangyu

28

Ch 15. Thermodynamics Liu UCD Phy1B 2012 1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Liu UCD Phy1B 2012 6 #12;Steam EngineSteam Engine Liu UCD Phy1B 2012 7 #12;Combustion EngineB 2012 #12;III Heat EngineIII. Heat Engine Efficiency (x100%) W/Qe=W/QH =(QH-QL)/QH =1- QL/QH eCombustion Engine Liu UCD Phy1B 2012 8 #12;Carnot EngineCarnot Engine d l i iblIdeal engine, reversible process QH

Yoo, S. J. Ben

29

Yinghui Liu Constantinos Mavroidis1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

during penetration and estimation of the drilling rate, considering the specific energy as an intrinsic on the bottom annulus of the cutting edge and they affect the drill rate. In this work, a new penetration model of the coring bits with wedge-shape cutting teeth of vibratory drills that percussively penetrate into brittle

Mavroidis, Constantinos

30

Ch 20. Magnetism Liu UCD Phy1B 2012 1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ch 20. Magnetism Liu UCD Phy1B 2012 1 #12;I. MagnetI. Magnet Poles of a magnet: magnetic effect is strongest When the magnet is freely suspended North pole: pointing to north South pole: pointing to south Poles always come in pairs Liu UCD Phy1B 2012 2 #12;Magnetic MaterialsMagnetic Materials Magnetite Fe3O4

Yoo, S. J. Ben

31

Rough Approximations under Level Fuzzy Sets W.-N. Liu J.T. Yao Y.Y.Yao  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Rough Approximations under Level Fuzzy Sets W.-N. Liu J.T. Yao Y.Y.Yao Department of Computer]@cs.uregina.ca Abstract. The combination of fuzzy set and rough set theories lead to various models. Functional and set- mations based on the notion of level fuzzy sets. Two rough approximation models, namely -level rough set

Yao, JingTao

32

Snowball prevention questioned Arising from: W. R. Peltier, Y. Liu & J. W. Crowley Nature 450, 813818 (2007)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Snowball prevention questioned Arising from: W. R. Peltier, Y. Liu & J. W. Crowley Nature 450, 813 carbon cycle­climate model, Peltier et al.2 propose that temperature- dependent remineralization fall short of explaining the geological evidence in the absence of global glaciation. Peltier et al.2

Schrag, Daniel

33

Criteria for Generating Speci cation-based Tests A. Je erson O utt and Yiwei Xiong Shaoying Liu  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

- ria o er testers ways to decide what test inputs to use during testing, making it more likely presents a model for developing test in- puts from state-based speci cations, and formal crite- riaCriteria for Generating Speci cation-based Tests A. Je erson O utt and Yiwei Xiong Shaoying Liu

Offutt, Jeff

34

Bobby Liu Joins NERSC as Postdoctoral Fellow - NERSC Center News...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Postdoctoral Fellow, WangYi "Bobby" Liu will be working with the ALE-AMR code to add surface tension. This work is a continuation of his graduate research and a project that...

35

hello, poindexter! THE (UN)REMARKABLE DR. CHARLES LIU  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

hello, poindexter! THE (UN)REMARKABLE DR. CHARLES LIU October 8, 2008 at 12:35 pm · Filed under talk about whatever he thought hello, poindexter! » THE (UN)REMARKABLE DR. CHARLE... http

Liu, Charles

36

Biographical sketch - Yan Liu | Center for Bio-Inspired Solar...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Yan Liu a. Professional Preparation Shandong University, Jinan, P.R. China; Chemistry; B.S. 1993 Columbia University, New York, NY; Chemistry; Ph.D. 2000 Rockefeller University,...

37

JOINT ESTIMATION OF CARDIAC KINEMATICS AND MATERIAL PARAMETERS FROM NOISY IMAGING DATA AND UNCERTAIN MECHANICAL MODEL  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

AND UNCERTAIN MECHANICAL MODEL Huafeng Liu, Edward W.B. Lo, and Pengcheng Shi Biomedical Research Laboratory

Shi, Pengcheng

38

Liu, Z., H.C. Frey, Y. Cao, and B. Deshpande, "Modeling of In-vehicle PM2.5 Exposure Using the Stochastic Human Exposure and Dose Simulation Model," Paper 2009-A-238-AWMA, Proceedings, 102nd  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the Stochastic Human Exposure and Dose Simulation Model," Paper 2009-A-238-AWMA, Proceedings, 102nd Annual of In-vehicle PM2.5 Exposure Using the Stochastic Human Exposure and Dose Simulation Model Paper: 2009-A in the current version of Stochastic Exposure and Dose Simulation model for Particulate Matter (SHEDS-PM) for in

Frey, H. Christopher

39

Liu-082913 - Argonne National Laboratories, Materials Sicence Division  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Liu-082913 Liu-082913 MATERIALS SCIENCE COLLOQUIUM SPEAKER: Yaohua Liu Materials Science Division, ANL TITLE: Interface Magnetism in Heteroepitaxial Complex Oxide Films DATE: Thursday, August 29, 2013 TIME: 11:00 a.m. PLACE: Building 212 / A-157 HOST: Ray Osborn Refreshments will be served at 10:45 a.m. ABSTRACT: Complex oxide materials host many interesting collective phenomena in condensed matter physics, such as high-temperature superconductivity, various forms of magnetism and ferroelectricity, as well as phase competitions between these states. Recently, it has become possible to create heteroepitaxial complex oxide films with atomic precision, and such structures are of keen interest because modified bonding at the interfaces can give rise to fundamentally new phenomena and

40

The Senior University Ref. no. LiU-2010-00209  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

permeate all operations. LiU's long-term goals for the work environment are that LiU shall as an attractive work and study space. ! ! Work environment efforts LiU shall conduct work environment efforts' and the student unions. ! ! The work environment efforts shall be a natural part of all daily operations. In order

Zhao, Yuxiao

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "modeling changzheng liu" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Liu UCD Phy9B 07 1 Ch15. Mechanical Waves  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Liu UCD Phy9B 07 1 Ch15. Mechanical Waves #12;Liu UCD Phy9B 07 2 15-1. Introduction Source: disturbance + cohesive force between adjacent pieces A wave is a disturbance that propagates through space Mechanical wave: needs a medium to propagate Wave pulse #12;Liu UCD Phy9B 07 3 Distinctions Wave velocity vs

Yoo, S. J. Ben

42

TR-IIS-06-003 A Scarce Resource Model for  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.S. Shih, T.W. Kuo and J.W.S. Liu April 6, 2006 || Technical Report No. TR-IIS-06-003 http and J. W. S. Liu Abstract This report describes a resource model for medication scheduling. It is called with Department of Computer Science and Information Science, National Taiwan University, Taiwan. J. W. S. Liu

Chen, Sheng-Wei

43

Geodesic Shape Spaces of Surfaces of Xiuwen Liu1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Geodesic Shape Spaces of Surfaces of Genus Zero Xiuwen Liu1 , Washington Mio2 , Yonggang Shi3 surfaces im- mersed in Euclidean space Rk . The spaces are equipped with geodesic metrics that depend on the tension and rigidity of the surfaces. We de- velop algorithms to calculate geodesics and geodesic

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

44

Emergence of Distributed Engineering Web Services , David Liu2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Emergence of Distributed Engineering Web Services Jun Peng1 , David Liu2 , Jinxing Cheng3 , Charles engineering web services. This paper presents three example applications utilizing some of these protocols large engineering software applications. Introduction The world of web services is evolving very quickly

Stanford University

45

Hybrid Multilevel Inverter with Single DC Haiwen Liu1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hybrid Multilevel Inverter with Single DC Source Haiwen Liu1 , Leon M. Tolbert1, 2 , Burak Ozpineci Knoxville, TN 37932 3. Parker-Hannifin Corp. Olive Branch, MI 38654 Abstract- A hybrid multilevel inverter inverter (one leg for each phase) and H-bridge in series with each inverter leg. The inverter can be used

Tolbert, Leon M.

46

Evolution for the Sustainability of Internetware Daren Fang, Xiaodong Liu  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, or required by the running environments [4]. To satisfy certain sustainability metrics as a series of concreteEvolution for the Sustainability of Internetware Daren Fang, Xiaodong Liu School of Computing Yang Software Technology Research Laboratory De Montfort University Leicester, UK +44 116 2506398 hyang

Liu, Xiaodong

47

Robust Photo Retrieval Using World Semantics Hugo Liu*, Henry Lieberman*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Robust Photo Retrieval Using World Semantics Hugo Liu*, Henry Lieberman* * MIT Media Laboratory Photos annotated with textual keywords can be thought of as resembling documents, and querying for photos motivated rather than conceptually motivated. In our photo domain, we propose a mechanism for robust

Lieberman, Henry

48

Zugang Liu, Ph.D. Department of Business  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Zugang Liu, Ph.D. Department of Business and Economics Pennsylvania State University Hazleton, PA, 08071 Trisha D. Anderson, Ph.D. School of Business Administration Texas Wesleyan University Fort Worth, TX, 76105 Jose M. Cruz, Ph.D. Department of Operations and Information Management School of Business

Nagurney, Anna

49

Bubble growth in rhyolitic melt Yang Liu, Youxue Zhang *  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Bubble growth in rhyolitic melt Yang Liu, Youxue Zhang * The Department of Geological Sciences June 2000; accepted 8 June 2000 Abstract We report experimental data of bubble growth in natural rhyolitic melt with 1.4^2.0 wt% initial total H2O at 0.1 MPa and 500^600³C. Growth of many bubbles

Zhang, Youxue

50

Wave Generation from Explosions in Rock Cavities CANGLI LIU1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wave Generation from Explosions in Rock Cavities CANGLI LIU1 and THOMAS J. AHRENS1 Abstract Ð We have developed a measurement method to monitor P- and S-waves generated from laboratory diameter cavities. Stress waves generated by the explosions were recorded within a radius of 25 cm

Stewart, Sarah T.

51

CRAWLING DEEP WEB CONTENT THROUGH QUERY FORMS Jun Liu, Zhaohui Wu, Lu Jiang, Qinghua Zheng, Xiao Liu  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CRAWLING DEEP WEB CONTENT THROUGH QUERY FORMS Jun Liu, Zhaohui Wu, Lu Jiang, Qinghua Zheng, Xiao: Deep Web, Deep Web Surfacing, Minimum Executable Pattern, Adaptive Query Abstract: This paper proposes-based Deep Web adaptive query method. The query method extends query interface from single textbox to MEP set

Shamos, Michael I.

52

Shear velocity as the function of frequency in heavy oils De-hua Han and Jiajin Liu, Rock Physics Lab, UH;  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Shear velocity as the function of frequency in heavy oils De-hua Han and Jiajin Liu, Rock Physics of heavy oils is discussed based on the measured data in our lab. Havriliak and Negami (HN) model is suggested to describe the frequency dispersion of heavy oils. Introduction The velocity behavior in heavy

53

Pn Tomographic Velocity and Anisotropy beneath the Iran Region by Yan L, Bin Liu, Shunping Pei, Youshun Sun, M. Nafi Toksz, and Xiangfang Zeng  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Short Note Pn Tomographic Velocity and Anisotropy beneath the Iran Region by Yan Lü, Bin Liu and anisotropy models of the upper- most mantle beneath the Iran region. A total of 74,375 Pn phase readings from). The tomography results show some interesting anomalies. The average Pn velocity under the Iran region

Sun, Youshun

54

Liu UCD Phy9B 07 1 Ch 19. The First Law of Thermodynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Liu UCD Phy9B 07 1 Ch 19. The First Law of Thermodynamics #12;Liu UCD Phy9B 07 2 19, also on the path. #12;Liu UCD Phy9B 07 7 19-4. Internal Energy & the First Law of Thermodynamics-particle interactions Recall energy change is Q-W Thus U= Q-W First law of thermodynamics Although Q & W are path

Yoo, S. J. Ben

55

Yangyang Liu | Center for Gas SeparationsRelevant to Clean Energy...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

is possible that the crystals with certain functional groups would have specific gas sorption properties. EFRC publications: Liu, Tian-Fu; Zou, Lanfang; Feng, Dawei; Chen,...

56

Chen, Bingzhang, and Hongbin Liu. Comment: Unimodal ...  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

temperature-corrected, mass-specific growth rates of natu- ... rates scale according to models of resource distribution networks as .... M. R. LANDRY, M. H. DAI, B. Q. HUANG, AND J. SUN. 2009. Close coupling between phytoplankton growth.

2011-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

57

Audio-visual Convolutive Blind Source Separation Qingju Liu, Wenwu Wang, Philip Jackson  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Audio-visual Convolutive Blind Source Separation Qingju Liu, Wenwu Wang, Philip Jackson Centre.Liu,W.Wang,P.Jackson}@surrey.ac.uk Abstract--We present a novel method for speech separation from their audio mixtures using the audio to characterise statistically the audio- visual coherence with features obtained from the training set

Jackson, Philip JB

58

Consumer Choice of E85: Lessons from Minnesota's Experience  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Light Duty Vehicle Markets & E85: Theory, Econometrics & Modeling Changzheng Liu David L. Greene Oak Ridge National Laboratory Biofuels in AEO 2013 Workshop March 20, 2013 Energy Information Administration Washington, DC The Renewable Fuels Standard 2 calls for 36 billion gallons of renewable fuel use by 2022. What role can E85 play? 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 2008 2010 2012 2014 2016 2018 2020 2022 Billions of Gallons EPA Renewable Fuels Volume Requirements Total Renewable Fuel Advanced Biofuel Cellulosic biofuel Increasing ethanol use to 36 billion gallons is a key objective of the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007. How important will availability of E85 be to achieving that goal? S Low level ethanol blends may "max out" and E85 may have

59

Optimized Live Heap Bound Analysis Leena Unnikrishnan Scott D. Stoller Yanhong A. Liu ?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Optimized Live Heap Bound Analysis Leena Unnikrishnan #3; Scott D. Stoller #3; Yanhong A. Liu algorithm is useful for evaluating other replacement algorithms. The analysis can easily be modi#12;ed

Liu, Yanhong Annie

60

Solving Regular Tree Grammar Based Constraints Yanhong A. Liu Ning Li Scott D. Stoller  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Solving Regular Tree Grammar Based Constraints Yanhong A. Liu Ning Li Scott D. Stoller July 2000 and is then simpli ed according to a set of simpli cation rules to produce the solution. Usually, the constraints

Stoller, Scott

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to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Prospects of graphene electrodes in photovoltaics Yasin Khatami, Wei Liu, Jiahao Kang, and Kaustav Banerjee*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Prospects of graphene electrodes in photovoltaics Yasin Khatami, Wei Liu, Jiahao Kang, and Kaustav, the prospects of graphene for transparent conductors in photovoltaics are discussed. The recent advancements in a controllable manner. Keywords: Graphene, photovoltaics, transparent conductor 1. INTRODUCTION Transparent

62

Liu UCD Phy9B 07 22 15-5. Energy in Wave Motion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Liu UCD Phy9B 07 22 15-5. Energy in Wave Motion x txy FtxFy -= ),( ),( t txy x txy FtxvtxFtxP yy -== ),(),( ),(),(),( For any wave on a string, instantaneous rate of energy transfer 1 dimensional: wave on a string #12;Liu UCD Phy9B 07 23 Energy Transferred by Sinusoidal Wave )cos(),( tkxAtxy -= For a sinusoidal wave )(sin

Yoo, S. J. Ben

63

[29] M. Hartig, L. F. Chi, X. D. Liu, H. Fuchs, Thin Solid Films 1998, 327, 262. [30] G. Schmid, Y. Liu, Nano Lett. 2001, 1, 405.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Liu, Nano Lett. 2001, 1, 405. [31] V. Torma, T. Reuter, O. Vidoni, M. Schumann, C. Radehaus, G. Schmid. Schumann, T. Raschke, C. Radehaus, G. Schmid, Nano Lett. 2001, 8, 405. [34] D. Wyrwa, N. Beyer, G. Schmid the optical properties, mainly the surface plasmon resonance absorption of such composites has been studied.[8

Polman, Albert

64

Modeling  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ALE-AMR ALE-AMR code Wangyi Liu, John Bernard, Alex Friedman, Nathan Masters, Aaron Fisher, Velemir Mlaker, Alice Koniges, David Eder June 4, 2011 Abstract In this paper we describe an implementation of a single-fluid inter- face model in the ALE-AMR code to simulate surface tension effects. The model does not require explicit information on the physical state of the two phases. The only change to the existing fluid equations is an additional term in the stress tensor. We show results of applying the model to an expanding Al droplet surrounded by an Al vapor, where additional droplets are created. 1 Introduction The Neutralized Drift Compression Experiment II (NDCX II) is an induction accelerator planned for initial commissioning in 2012. The final design calls for a 3 MeV, Li+ ion beam, delivered in a bunch with characteristic pulse duration of 1 ns, and transverse dimension of order 1 mm. The

65

Eliza Liu Leader Electronics Inc. 4FL, No.3, Lane 45, Pao Hsin Rd.  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Eliza Liu Eliza Liu Leader Electronics Inc. 4FL, No.3, Lane 45, Pao Hsin Rd. Hsin Tein, Taipei, (23 1) Taiwan, R.O.C Dear Ms. Liu: The attached notice advises you of the Department of Energy's (DOE) determination that certain products manufactured by Leader Electronics Inc. (L-E-I) do not comply with applicable energy conservation standards in the United States. The notice also advises you of your legal obligations. This determination stems from the certification reports filed by L-E-I pursuant to 10 C.F.R. § 430.62 (a)(4)(ix) regarding the performance of external power supplies manufactured by L-E-I. Violations of the applicable energy efficiency standards may be subject to civil penalties. Separate from this notice, DOE may issue a notice of civil penalty for such penalties as

66

Testing Generalized Linear Models Using Smoothing Spline Methods  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Testing Generalized Linear Models Using Smoothing Spline Methods Anna Liu, Wendy Meiring and Yuedong Wang University of California, Santa Barbara Abstract This article considers testing exponential families. The tests developed are based on the connection between the smoothing spline models

Meiring, Wendy

67

SURFACE ELASTICITY MODELS FOR STATIC AND DYNAMIC RESPONSE OF NANOSCALE BEAMS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SURFACE ELASTICITY MODELS FOR STATIC AND DYNAMIC RESPONSE OF NANOSCALE BEAMS by Chang Liu B) THE UNIVERSITY OF BRITISH COLUMBIA (Vancouver) February 2010 © Chang Liu, 2010 #12;ii Abstract Nanoscale beam of nanoscale beams. The objective is to provide NEMS designers with an efficient set of tools that can predict

Phani, A. Srikantha

68

A kinematic rupture model generator incorporating spatial interdependency of earthquake source parameters  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......waves, we use a matching-filter in the wavelet domain (Pengcheng Liu, Personal Communication 2008) to combine seismograms...directed to the corresponding author for the article. We thank Pengcheng Liu for the code used for LAH and the modelling of broad-band......

J. Schmedes; Ralph J. Archuleta; Daniel Lavalle

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Computers & Industrial Engineering (In Press) Wu & Liu Development and Evaluation of an Ergonomic Software Package  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Computers & Industrial Engineering (In Press) Wu & Liu 1 Development and Evaluation of an Ergonomic-MHP are also discussed on how to make it a comprehensive proactive ergonomic design and analysis tool. Keywords: Ergonomics, Software package, Queueing Network, Human performance, Mental workload #12;Computers & Industrial

Wu, Changxu (Sean)

70

A Study of the Coverage of Large-scale Sensor Benyuan Liu  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

networks. I. INTRODUCTION Advances in micro-sensor and communication technologies have made it possibleA Study of the Coverage of Large-scale Sensor Networks Benyuan Liu Department of Computer Science study the coverage properties of large-scale sensor networks. Three coverage measures are defined

Liu, Benyuan

71

Fluid Streaming in Micro Bifurcating Networks Z. Zhang, A. Fadl, C. Liu, D. Meyer, M. Krafczyk*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fluid Streaming in Micro Bifurcating Networks Z. Zhang, A. Fadl, C. Liu, D. Meyer, M. Krafczyk. In this paper, we propose a novel and simple micro streaming-based fluid propulsion technology that has the phenomena of flow streaming in a network of symmetrical bifurcations using computer simulations. Dimensional

Zhang, Zongqin

72

On nonlinear physics of shear Alfvn waves Liu Chen and Fulvio Zonca  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

On nonlinear physics of shear Alfvén waves Liu Chen and Fulvio Zonca Citation: Phys. Plasmas 20 of Contents: http://pop.aip.org/resource/1/PHPAEN/v20/i5 Published by the American Institute of Physics. Additional information on Phys. Plasmas Journal Homepage: http://pop.aip.org/ Journal Information: http

Zonca, Fulvio

73

1LIU magazIne nr 2 2012 magazinelinkping university nr 2 2012  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1LIU magazIne nr 2 2012 magazinelinköping university nr 2 2012 cable guys made the headlines biogas about new research findings and a popular language café. 18 Biogas fuels further expansion Linköping is investing heavily in biogas. 20 Antibiotic crisis a global threat Prescription of antibiotics has

Zhao, Yuxiao

74

Optimizing Ackermann's Function by Incrementalization # Yanhong A. Liu Scott D. Stoller  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Optimizing Ackermann's Function by Incrementalization # Yanhong A. Liu Scott D. Stoller Computer of Programs]: Logics and Mean­ ings of Programs---partial evaluation; I.2.2 [Artificial In­ telligence. INTRODUCTION General and systematic methods for transforming high­ level programs into e#cient implementations

Liu, Yanhong Annie

75

Mantle layering across central South America Kelly H. Liu and Stephen S. Gao  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mantle layering across central South America Kelly H. Liu and Stephen S. Gao Department of Geology central South America at 20°S suggests that the depth variations of the 410-km (d410) and 660-km (d660. Gao, P. G. Silver, and Y. Zhang, Mantle layering across central South America, J. Geophys. Res., 108(B

Gao, Stephen Shangxing

76

Internet Size Measurements Edoardo Biagioni, Peter Hinely, Chun Liu, Xinmin Wang  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Internet Size Measurements Edoardo Biagioni, Peter Hinely, Chun Liu, Xinmin Wang January 2000 and the performance of the Internet. Our measurements and techniques are designed to reveal the number of hosts 2000, on the order of 23 million hosts are connected to the Internet. The mean distance from our

Biagioni, Edoardo S.

77

LIU ET AL. VOL. XXX ' NO. XX ' 000000 ' XXXX www.acsnano.org  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Prelithiated Silicon Nanowires as an Anode for Lithium Ion Batteries Nian Liu, Liangbing Hu, Matthew T. Mc abundance, silicon is regarded one of the most promising anodes for the next-generation lithium ion battery These nanostructures not only effectively solve the pulverization problem of the Si anode but also allow high operation

Cui, Yi

78

NeuMORE: Ontology in Stroke Recovery Christopher Townsend, Jingshan Huang, Dejing Dou, Haishan Liu,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

NeuMORE: Ontology in Stroke Recovery Christopher Townsend, Jingshan Huang, Dejing Dou, Haishan Liu--Hemiparesis is the most common impairment after stroke, and the initial severity of hemiparesis had been the strongest predictor of neuromotor functional recovery level. How- ever, the intervention response of stroke survivors

Huang, Jingshan

79

TRACKING TONGUE MOTION IN THREE DIMENSIONS USING TAGGED MR IMAGES Xiaofeng Liu1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

TRACKING TONGUE MOTION IN THREE DIMENSIONS USING TAGGED MR IMAGES Xiaofeng Liu1 , Maureen Stone3 and strain analysis of tagged magnetic res- onance (MR) imaging [1]. It was originally applied to car- diac This research was supported by NIH grants R01 HL047405 and R01 DC001758 (a) (b) Fig. 1. (a) A tagged MR image

Prince, Jerry L.

80

STANDARD COMPONENTS OF A KRULL-SCHMIDT CATEGORY SHIPING LIU AND CHARLES PAQUETTE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

STANDARD COMPONENTS OF A KRULL-SCHMIDT CATEGORY SHIPING LIU AND CHARLES PAQUETTE Abstract. First to be standard. Speciali- zing to the category of finitely presented representations of a strongly locally finite quiver and its bounded derived category, we obtain many new types of standard Auslander-Reiten components

Liu, Shiping

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they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
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to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Hemorrhage Slices Detection in Brain CT Images Ruizhe Liu, Chew Lim Tan, Tze Yun Leong  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hemorrhage Slices Detection in Brain CT Images Ruizhe Liu, Chew Lim Tan, Tze Yun Leong Department) scans are widely used in today's diagnosis of head traumas. It is effective to disclose the bleeding Tomography (CT) scans are widely used in today's diagnosis of head traumas. It is effective to disclose

Tan, Chew Lim

82

Rogue Waves and Explorations of Coastal Wave Characteristics Primary Investigator: Paul C. Liu -NOAA GLERL (Emeritus)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Rogue Waves and Explorations of Coastal Wave Characteristics Primary Investigator: Paul C. Liu engineering, University of Wisconsin Overview Freak waves are unusually large waves. They have been observed. As the cause of freak waves is still unknown, measurements and analysis of this phenomena are extremely rare

83

Query Optimization as a Datalog Program Mengmeng Liu, Zachary G. Ives, and Boon Thau Loo  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Query Optimization as a Datalog Program Mengmeng Liu, Zachary G. Ives, and Boon Thau Loo University is that of specifying the transformation rules and search process of a query optimizer [1]. In certain emerging domains universally understood than the languages used in transformational optimizers like those generated by Volcano

Loo, Boon Thau

84

Mimicry of Sharp Turning Behaviours in a Robotic Fish* Jindong Liu Huosheng Hu  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mimicry of Sharp Turning Behaviours in a Robotic Fish* Jindong Liu Huosheng Hu Department is supported by London Aquarium Ltd. Abstract - In nature, fish has astonishing swimming ability after thousands years of evolution. To realise fish-like swimming behaviours by a robotic system poses tremendous

Hu, Huosheng

85

RL-based Optimisation of Robotic Fish Behaviours Jindong Liu, Huosheng Hu, Dongbing Gu  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

RL-based Optimisation of Robotic Fish Behaviours Jindong Liu, Huosheng Hu, Dongbing Gu Department for the optimisation of robotic fish behaviours. Six independent parameters are abstracted from the motor controller of a robotic fish and used to parameterize the policy of the reinforcement learning. During the implementation

Hu, Huosheng

86

Realizing an Open Ubiquitous Environment in a RESTful Way Yong Liu, Kay Connelly  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

discovery in an open ubiquitous environment. Search engines are key to the success of the WWW. A significantRealizing an Open Ubiquitous Environment in a RESTful Way Yong Liu, Kay Connelly Indiana University-aware applications for context information retrieval in a ubiquitous environment. However, most of the existing

Connelly, Kay

87

Two dimensional thermoelectric platforms for thermocapillary droplet Man-Chi Liu,ac  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the cooling function relies on the natural conduction and/or convection. A thermoelectric (TE) chipTwo dimensional thermoelectric platforms for thermocapillary droplet actuation Man-Chi Liu,ac Jin be driven to the cooler regions via surface tension modulation by varying the temperature. The usual method

Lin, Pei-Chun

88

Heat conduction in simple networks: The effect of interchain coupling Zonghua Liu1,2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Heat conduction in simple networks: The effect of interchain coupling Zonghua Liu1,2 and Baowen Li2; published 16 November 2007 Heat conduction in simple networks consisting of different one dimensional nonlinear chains is studied. We find that the coupling between chains has a different function in heat

Li, Baowen

89

Intersubband absorption in boron-doped multiple Ge quantum dots J. L. Liu,a)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Intersubband absorption in boron-doped multiple Ge quantum dots J. L. Liu,a) W. G. Wu, A. Balandin; accepted for publication 3 November 1998 The intersubband absorption in self-assembled boron-doped multiple and undoped Si barriers. The infrared absorption as a function of wavelength is measured by Fourier transform

90

EFFECT OF FUEL TYPE ON FLAME IGNITION BY TRANSIENT PLASMA Jianbang Liu1,2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to electrical energy consumed to produce the discharge.) Consequently, ignition by laser sources has beenEFFECT OF FUEL TYPE ON FLAME IGNITION BY TRANSIENT PLASMA DISCHARGES Jianbang Liu1,2 , Fei Wang1 with air ignited by transient plasma discharge were investigated and compared with spark discharge ignition

91

Single-Molecule Kinetics of Nanoparticle Catalysis , Hao Shen, Guokun Liu, and Peng Chen  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

#12;Single-Molecule Kinetics of Nanoparticle Catalysis Weilin Xu , Hao Shen, Guokun Liu, and Peng to characterize in ensemble-averaged measurements. The single-molecule approach enables studying the catalysis single-molecule Áuorescence studies of single Au-nanoparticle catalysis, focusing on the theoretical

Chen, Peng

92

AUDIO TEXTURES Lie Lu, Stan Li, Liu Wenyin, Hong-Jiang Zhang  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

AUDIO TEXTURES Lie Lu, Stan Li, Liu Wenyin, Hong-Jiang Zhang Microsoft Research China No.49 Zhichun a new audio medium, called audio texture, as a means of synthesizing long audio stream according to a given short example audio clip. The example clip is analyzed, and basic building patterns are extracted

Liu, Wenyin

93

Efficient Deep Web Crawling Using Reinforcement Lu Jiang, Zhaohui Wu, Qian Feng, Jun Liu, Qinghua Zheng  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Efficient Deep Web Crawling Using Reinforcement Learning Lu Jiang, Zhaohui Wu, Qian Feng, Jun Liu@mail.xjtu.edu.cn, qhzheng@mail.xjtu.edu.cn Abstract. Deep web refers to the hidden part of the Web that remains unavailable for standard Web crawlers. To obtain content of Deep Web is challenging and has been acknowledged

Shamos, Michael I.

94

Learning Deep Web Crawling with Diverse Features Lu Jiang, Zhaohui Wu, Qinghua Zheng and Jun Liu  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Learning Deep Web Crawling with Diverse Features Lu Jiang, Zhaohui Wu, Qinghua Zheng and Jun Liu@yahoo.com, wzh@stu.xjtu.edu.cn, qhzheng@mail.xjtu.edu.cn, liukeen@mail.xjtu.edu.cn Abstract--The key to Deep Web crawling is to submit promising keywords to query form and retrieve Deep Web content efficiently. To select

Shamos, Michael I.

95

Solving Regular Tree Grammar Based Constraints ? Yanhong A. Liu 1 , Ning Li 2 , and Scott D. Stoller 1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Solving Regular Tree Grammar Based Constraints ? Yanhong A. Liu 1 , Ning Li 2 , and Scott D and is then simpli#12;ed according to a set of simpli#12;cation rules to produce the solution. Usually

Liu, Yanhong Annie

96

Characterization of the FKBP,Rapamycin,FRB Ternary Laura A. Banaszynski, Corey W. Liu, and Thomas J. Wandless*,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.; Keith, C. T.; Lane, W. S.; Schreiber, S. L. Nature 1994, 369, 756-758. (10) Chiu, M. I.; Katz, HCharacterization of the FKBP,Rapamycin,FRB Ternary Complex Laura A. Banaszynski, Corey W. Liu

Wandless, Tom

97

Graphene Edge Lithography Guibai Xie, Zhiwen Shi, Rong Yang, Donghua Liu, Wei Yang, Meng Cheng, Duoming Wang, Dongxia Shi,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Graphene Edge Lithography Guibai Xie, Zhiwen Shi, Rong Yang, Donghua Liu, Wei Yang, Meng Cheng: Fabrication of graphene nanostructures is of importance for both investigating their intrinsic physical approach for graphene nanostructures. Compared with conventional lithographic fabrication techniques

Zhang, Guangyu

98

A Conceptual Nitrate Transport Model and Its Application at Different Scales  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Liu et al. [12...] reported the calibration of a diffuse nitrate model (the DNMT model) at White Cart Water Catchment against the observed water quality...K 0 (the hydraulic conductivity at grou...

Shuming Liu; Peter Tucker; Martin Mansell

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

Stochastic model of heterogeneity in earthquake slip spatial distributions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......research-article Seismology Stochastic model of heterogeneity in earthquake slip spatial distributions Daniel Lavallee 1 Pengcheng Liu 1 Ralph J. Archuleta 1 2 1 Institute for Crustal Studies, University of California, Santa Barbara, CA 93106, California......

Daniel Lavalle; Pengcheng Liu; Ralph J. Archuleta

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

ISDAC Modeling  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Modeling Modeling Modeling of aerosol effects on Arctic stratiform clouds: Preliminary results from the ISDAC case study (poster 13J) Mikhail Ovchinnikov, Steve Ghan, Jiwen Fan, Xiaohong Liu (PNNL), Alexei Korolev, Peter Liu (Env. Canada) Shaocheng Xie (LLNL), Hugh Morrison (NCAR), ISDAC PI's, and members of the CMWG 2 Indirect Semi-Direct Aerosol Campaign Science questions: How do properties of the arctic aerosol during April differ from those measured during the MPACE in October? To what extent do the different properties of the arctic aerosol during April produce differences in the microphysical and macrophysical properties of clouds and the surface energy balance? To what extent can cloud models and the cloud parameterizations used in climate models simulate the sensitivity of arctic clouds and

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "modeling changzheng liu" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Optical modeling and resist metrology for deep-UV photolithography  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

OPTICAL MODELING AND RESIST METROLOGY FOR DEEP-UV PHOTOLITHOGRAPHY A Thesis by CHAO LIU Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER... OF SCIENCE August 2005 Major Subject: Electrical Engineering OPTICAL MODELING AND RESIST METROLOGY FOR DEEP-UV PHOTOLITHOGRAPHY A Thesis by CHAO LIU Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial...

Liu, Chao

2006-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

102

Evaluation of Energy Conservation Measures by Model Simulation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Evaluation of Energy Conservation Measures by Model Simulation Tim Giebler. Mingsheng Liu, and David Claridge Energy Systems Laboratory Texas A&M University Abstract Numerous energy conservation measures are being implemented into the air..., leaving the cold deck set point constant. Hot and cold deck reset schedules optimized according to outside air temperature have been studied and documented by Liu et a1 [3,4]. Knowledge of outside air dew point temperature or relative humidity can...

Giebler, T.; Liu, M.; Claridge, D. E.

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Analysis of Integration Models for Service Composition Dept. of Electrical Engineering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Analysis of Integration Models for Service Composition David Liu Dept. of Electrical Engineering. Other services include simulation programs [16], engineering, logistics, and business services & Environmental Engineering Stanford University Stanford, CA 94305, USA law@cive.stanford.edu Gio Wiederhold

Stanford University

104

Multi-Ported Memories for FPGAs via XOR Charles Eric LaForest, Ming G. Liu, Emma Rae Rapati, and J. Gregory Steffan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Multi-Ported Memories for FPGAs via XOR Charles Eric LaForest, Ming G. Liu, Emma Rae Rapati, and J,steffan}@eecg.toronto.edu, {emma.rapati,minggang.liu}@utoronto.ca ABSTRACT Multi-ported memories are challenging to implement with FPGAs since the block RAMs included in the fabric typically have only two ports. Any design

Steffan, J. Gregory

105

94:1392-1404, 2005. First published May 4, 2005; doi:10.1152/jn.00136.2005JN Jun Liu and Larry M. Jordan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Jordan Receptors 2Aand 5-HT7Activity Involving Spinal 5-HT Neonatal Rat Brain Stem Produces Locomotor-Like Activity Involving Spinal 5-HT7 and 5-HT2A Receptors Jun Liu and Larry M. Jordan Department of Physiology; accepted in final form 3 May 2005 Liu, Jun and Larry M. Jordan. Stimulation of the parapyramidal region

Manitoba, University of

106

Impact of a modified data capture period on Liu comorbidity index scores in Medicare enrollees initiating chronic dialysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

correlation coefficient was es- timated, along with 95% confidence intervals. To further evaluate the Modified Liu Index 190 as an estimate of the original Liu Index, we conducted a one-sample t-test of the score difference to test for bias (indicated... of subjects whose differences were zero, within one, two, three, four, and five were estimated along with their corresponding 95% Wald confidence intervals. A histogram of the scorescores standard deviation for the original index and the modified index were...

Rigler, Sally K.; Wetmore, James B.; Mahnken, Jonathan D.; Dong, Lei; Ellerbeck, Edward F.; Shireman, Theresa I.

2013-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

107

Nucleation and reshaping thermodynamics of Ni as catalyst of carbon nanotubes L. H. Liang,1 F. Liu,1 D. X. Shi,1 W. M. Liu,1 X. C. Xie,2 and H. J. Gao1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nucleation and reshaping thermodynamics of Ni as catalyst of carbon nanotubes L. H. Liang,1 F. Liu, energy, and diffusion restraints in reshaping of Ni nanopar- ticles as a catalyst of carbon nanotubes mechanism is proposed: the growth of a carbon nanotube coupled to the reshaping of the catalyst. DOI: 10

Gao, Hongjun

108

Phonon-hopping thermal conduction in quantum dot superlattices Manu Shamsa, Weili Liu, and Alexander A. Balandina  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

or polycrystalline materials in terms of thermal transport. © 2005 American Institute of Physics. DOI: 10 strongly depends on interface conditions, is considered as a major thermal resistive mecha- nismPhonon-hopping thermal conduction in quantum dot superlattices Manu Shamsa, Weili Liu

109

Ping Liu PhD FRIDAY, FEB. 8, 2013 3:30PM to 4:30PM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

electrification and grid storage, two large-scale applications essential for realizing a sustainable energy future Before Seminar at 3:10PM in Room 113 Challenges and Opportunities for Long Life Energy Storage conversion and storage. Dr. Liu was previously Manager of Energy Technology at HRL Laboratories

110

Optical links for cryogenic focal-plane array readout Alan R. Johnston, Duncan TH. Liu, Siamak Forouhar,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Optical links for cryogenic focal-plane array readout Alan R. Johnston, Duncan TH. Liu, Siamak cryogenic focaiplane arrays must minimize power dissipation on the focal.plane. Since cooler power efficiency is low at cryogenic temperatures, reduction of focal-plane power has strong leverage in re. ducing

Fossum, Eric R.

111

PAP: A privacy and authentication protocol for passive RFID tags Alex X. Liu *, LeRoy A. Bailey  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

people about consumer privacy protection and other security loopholes that make RFID tags an easy targetPAP: A privacy and authentication protocol for passive RFID tags Alex X. Liu *, LeRoy A. Bailey 2009 Accepted 20 March 2009 Available online 31 March 2009 Keywords: RFID Privacy Authentication

Liu, Alex X.

112

Development of an electro-optic resonator probe for Terahertz imaging R. Mueckstein, Huiyun Liu, and O. Mitrofanov  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Development of an electro-optic resonator probe for Terahertz imaging R. Mueckstein, Huiyun Liu, Abstract: We introduce the concept of an electro-optic resonator to improve resolution and enhance. The optimum design in terms of 3dB-bandwidth, reflectivity, and electro-optic enhancement is deduced

Haddadi, Hamed

113

ALGORITHM-BASED LOW-POWER TRANSFORM CODING ARCHITECTURES An-Yeu Wu and K. J. Ray Liu  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ALGORITHM-BASED LOW-POWER TRANSFORM CODING ARCHITECTURES An-Yeu Wu and K. J. Ray Liu Electrical].In order to meet the low-power/high-throughputconstraint, the key issue is to "compensate" the increased. In this paper, we will show how to design algorithm- based low-power transform coding architectures using

Liu, K. J. Ray

114

Mesh-free simulations of shear banding in large deformation Shaofan Li, Wei Hao, Wing Kam Liu *  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mesh-free simulations of shear banding in large deformation Shaofan Li, Wei Hao, Wing Kam Liu Mesh-free approximation is used in numerical simulations of strain localization under large deformation. An explicit displacement based mesh-free formulation is used in both two-dimensional and three

Li, Shaofan

115

Cloud Resource Orchestration: A Data-Centric Approach Changbin Liu Yun Mao Jacobus Van der Merwe Mary Fernndez  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cloud Resource Orchestration: A Data-Centric Approach Changbin Liu Yun Mao Jacobus Van der Merwe Mary Fernández AT&T Labs - Research University of Pennsylvania ABSTRACT Cloud computing provides users virtualization of the underlying physical infrastructure. However, the scale and highly dynamic nature of cloud

Fisher, Kathleen

116

Design of 3D Swim Patterns for Autonomous Robotic Fish Huosheng Hu, Jindong Liu, Ian Dukes and George Francis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Design of 3D Swim Patterns for Autonomous Robotic Fish Huosheng Hu, Jindong Liu, Ian Dukes, United Kingdom Email: hhu@essex.ac.uk, jliua@essex.ac.uk Abstract: To realise fish-like swim patterns by a robotic system poses tremendous challenges. This requires fully understanding of fish biomechanics

Hu, Huosheng

117

The Mechanical Energy Input to the Ocean Induced by Tropical Cyclones LING LING LIU AND WEI WANG  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, and environments. 1. Introduction Although oceans receive a huge amount of thermal energy, such energy cannot be efficiently converted into mechanical energy because the ocean is heated and cooled from the same geopotentialThe Mechanical Energy Input to the Ocean Induced by Tropical Cyclones LING LING LIU AND WEI WANG

Huang, Rui Xin

118

Quantifying oxygen diffusion in ZnO nanobelt Jin Liu, Puxian Gao, Wenjie Mai, Changshi Lao, and Zhong L. Wanga  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Quantifying oxygen diffusion in ZnO nanobelt Jin Liu, Puxian Gao, Wenjie Mai, Changshi Lao A method is presented for quantifying oxygen diffusion behavior in a nanodevice fabricated using individual for several days, oxygen in air diffused into the nanobelt and significantly changed the conductivity

Wang, Zhong L.

119

MPEG Video in Software: Representation, Transmission, and Playback Lawrence A. Rowe, Ketan D. Patel, Brian C Smith, and Kim Liu  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Patel, Brian C Smith, and Kim Liu Computer Science Division - EECS University of California Berkeley, CA into a continuous media playback system that supports synchronized playing of audio and video data stored on a file workstations [1]. We also developed a system to deliver and play synchronized continuous media streams (e

Mayer-Patel, Ketan

120

Microstructure Reconstruction and Direct Evaluation of Li-Ion Battery Cathodes Fuqiang Liu* and N A Siddique  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Microstructure Reconstruction and Direct Evaluation of Li-Ion Battery Cathodes Fuqiang Liu* and N of Texas at Arlington, Arlington, Texas 76019, USA High-capacity Li-ion batteries are among the best of the major challenges in Li-ion batteries is to improve mass transport across multiple phase interfaces

Liu, Fuqiang

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121

Reforming of Diesel Fuel for Transportation Applications J. P. Kopasz, S. Lottes, D-J. Liu, R. Ahluwalia, V. Novick and S. Ahmed  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Reforming of Diesel Fuel for Transportation Applications J. P. Kopasz, S. Lottes, D-J. Liu, R · Produce fuel (H2-rich gas) for PEM and/or solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) · Reduce NOx emissions through

122

Book Review: Immanuel Wallerstein and the Problem of the World: System, Scale, Culture. Edited by David Palumbo-Liu, Bruce Robbins, and Nirvana Tanoukhi  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

traces the way that international legal regimes, from the early modern period to the present human rights regime, actually reinforce conceptions of some groups superiority over others. David Palumbo-Liu explores Wallersteins take on Frantz Fanons... of Wallersteins reflections on the connection that Fanon drew between rationality and racism. As Palumbo-Liu points out, Wallersteins description of Fanons insistence on identifying the historical relations that undergird views of the rational caution...

Janzen, Marike

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Impacts of Optimized Cold & Hot Deck Reset Schedules on Dual Duct VAV Systems - Theory and Model Simulation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Impacts of Optimized Cold & Hot Deck Reset Schedules on Dual Duct VAV Systems - Theory and Model Simulation Mingsheng Liu, Ph.D., P.E. Energy Systems Laboratory Texas A&M University College Station, Texas Abstract Optimal hot and cold deck... rate increased from 30% to 70% of the maximum flow. Introduction Simultaneous heating and cooling can be reduced sigmficantly by optimizing cold and hot deck reset schedules in dual duct constant volume systems [Liu et. a1 1994, 1995, 19961...

Liu, M.; Claridge, D. E.

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

A SpatioTemporal Placement Model for Caching Location Dependent Queries Anand Murugappan and Ling Liu  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

objects of the location queries are still ob- jects such as gas stations, restaurants, or moving objects is driving on the I85 North highway at 60 mph speed, and wants to find the nearest gas stations within certain range. If the query is asking for gas stations within 5 miles, then the spatial validity

Liu, Ling

125

On Modeling Variations For Face Authentication Xiaoming Liu Tsuhan Chen B.V.K. Vijaya Kumar  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, the optical flow and the optical flow residue between a test image and a well-registered image in the training and happy expression of one subject tells us how this subject smiles. After we apply PCA to optical flows recognition [9][10]. Also Kruizinga and Petkov [11] proposed to utilize optical flow in person identification

Chen, Tsuhan

126

Protein Quaternary Fold Recognition Using Conditional Graphical Models Yan Liu Jaime Carbonell  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

02139 pweigele@mit.edu Abstract Protein fold recognition is a crucial step in infer- ring biological- acid sequences is protein fold recognition and alignment. Given a target protein fold 1 , the task-to-topology alignment against the fold. There are different kinds of protein folds based on their structural properties

Carbonell, Jaime

127

Diuse interface surface tension models in an expanding ow  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Diuse interface surface tension models in an expanding ow Wangyi Liu, Andrea L. Bertozzi , and Theodore Kolokolnikov November 22, 2010 Abstract We consider a diusive interface surface tension model principle. 1 Background There is a need to develop simple computational models for surface tension

Soatto, Stefano

128

Two Tales of Variable Selection for High Dimensional Regression: Screening and Model Building  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Two Tales of Variable Selection for High Dimensional Regression: Screening and Model Building C and Model Building Cong Liu, Tao Shi and Yoonkyung Lee Department of Statistics, The Ohio State University at two stages of statistical modeling, namely screening and formal model building, with different goals

Shi, Tao

129

A Model for the Visualization Exploration Process T.J. Jankun-Kelly  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Model for the Visualization Exploration Process T.J. Jankun-Kelly Kwan-Liu Ma Michael Gertz of the visualization exploration process. The model, based upon a new parameter derivation calculus, can be used the visualization process to further data exploration. Keywords: visualization process, visualization models, visual

Ma, Kwan-Liu

130

Semi-Automatic Fault Localization and Behavior Verification for Physical System Simulation Models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

equation-based methodologies and object-oriented constructs that facilitate reusability of modelingSemi-Automatic Fault Localization and Behavior Verification for Physical System Simulation Models 83, Linköping, Sweden {petbu,petfr@ida.liu.se} Abstract Mathematical modeling and simulation

Zhao, Yuxiao

131

Improving exchange-spring nanocomposite permanent magnets J. S. Jiang, J. E. Pearson, Z. Y. Liu, B. Kabius, S. Trasobares, D. J. Miller, and S. D. Bader  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Improving exchange-spring nanocomposite permanent magnets J. S. Jiang, J. E. Pearson, Z. Y. Liu, B.1063/1.1828225] The "exchange-spring" mechanism in nanocomposite magnets,1 where the interfacial exchange coupling between to ul- trastrong permanent magnets whose energy product BH max is more than twice that of Nd­Fe­B.2

Liu, J. Ping

132

Cooperative Control of Air Flow for HVAC Systems Shuai Liu1,2, Yushen Long1, Lihua Xie1 and Alexandre M. Bayen3  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cooperative Control of Air Flow for HVAC Systems Shuai Liu1,2, Yushen Long1, Lihua Xie1 for building heating, ven- tilation and air-conditioning (HVAC) systems. The strategy consists in two level and the HVAC system parameters. I. INTRODUCTION In recent years, energy saving and environment protection have

133

Time-and Energy-efficient Detection of Unknown Tags in Large-scale RFID Systems Xiulong Liu, Heng Qi, Keqiu Li  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Time- and Energy-efficient Detection of Unknown Tags in Large-scale RFID Systems Xiulong Liu, Heng by reducing more than 90% of the required execution time and energy consumption. I. INTRODUCTION Radio, this is the first piece of work taking both time-efficiency and energy-efficiency into consideration, where

Liu, Alex X.

134

Ozonization at the Vacancy Defect Site of the Single-Walled Carbon Nanotube Lei Vincent Liu, Wei Quan Tian, and Yan Alexander Wang*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ozonization at the Vacancy Defect Site of the Single-Walled Carbon Nanotube Lei Vincent Liu, Wei at the vacancy defect site of the single-walled carbon nanotube has been studied by static quantum mechanics approach. Among five different reaction pathways at the vacancy defect, the reaction involving

Wang, Yan Alexander

135

ENHANCED CLOUD REGIME CLASSIFICATION FOR EVALUATION OF MODEL FAST PHYSICS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ENHANCED CLOUD REGIME CLASSIFICATION FOR EVALUATION OF MODEL FAST PHYSICS Wuyin Lin1 , Yangang Liu1 of Energy under Contract No. DE-AC02-98CH10886 ABSTRACT Distinct cloud regimes exist locally and globally helps identify the meteorological conditions that are closely associated with specific cloud regimes

136

Sensitivity of sea ice to physical parameterizations in the GISS global climate model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

absorbed by the polar regions. Second, sea ice has a strong insulating effect on the under- lying oceanSensitivity of sea ice to physical parameterizations in the GISS global climate model Jiping Liu,1 coupled model is used to investigate the sensitivity of sea ice to each of the following parameterizations

137

ESS 2012 Peer Review - Na-ion Intercalation Electrodes for Na-ion Battery - Jun Liu, PNNL  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

TOWARDS ROOM TEMPERATURE SODIUM BATTERIES: TOWARDS ROOM TEMPERATURE SODIUM BATTERIES: PROGRESS IN HIGH CAPACITY SODIUM ION BATTERIES JUN LIU PACIFIC NORTHWEST NATIONAL LABORATORY, RICHLAND, WA 99252 Yuyan Shao, Yuliang Cao, Lifen Xiao, Wei Wang, Jie Xiao, Vincent Sprenkle Supported by Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability (Dr. Imre Gyuk), Office of Science, US Department of Energy 2 Outline  Motivation and background  Objective  New high capacity storage mechanism for cathode  Progress in anodes  Summary and future work Significant challenges for meeting the low term low cost and reliability requirement for stationary energy storage. Distributed storage Central storage End user storage Capital cost ($/kWh) CAES Pumped Hydro Power Stationary

138

Vladimir Kim, Tianqiang Liu, Sid Chaudhuri, Steve Diverdi, Wilmot Li, Niloy Mitra, Yaron Lipman,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Efficient Computer Graphics Models of Chairs Downloaded from SketchUp Warehouse #12;Previous Work Classical

Singh, Jaswinder Pal

139

DOI 10.1515/nanoph-2012-0040Nanophotonics 2013; 2(2): 153160 2013 Science Wise Publishing & Monan Liu, Rui Chen, Giorgio Adamo, Kevin F. MacDonald, Edbert J. Sie, Tze Chien Sum,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Liu, Rui Chen, Giorgio Adamo, Kevin F. MacDonald, Edbert J. Sie, Tze Chien Sum, Nikolay I. Zheludev, 637378, Singapore Kevin F. MacDonald: Optoelectronics Research Centre and Centre for Photonic

Zheludev, Nikolay

140

Paraphrastic Language Models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Paraphrastic Language Models X. Liu1, M. J. F. Gales & P. C. Woodland Cambridge University Engineering Department Trumpington Street, Cambridge CB2 1PZ, England Abstract Natural languages are known for their expressive richness. Many sentences can... interger counts based Witten-Bell smoothing, where the baseline bi-gram LSA model using gave an error rate of 23.8% 16 computational cost, feed-forward NNLMs are normally trained using only a small in-domain data set, for example, audio transcripts...

Liu, X.; Gales, M. J. F.; Woodland, P. C.

2014-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "modeling changzheng liu" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

F. Hofmann, D. Nguyen-Manh, C.E. Beck, J.K.Eliason, M.R. Gilbert, A.A. Maznev, W. Liu, D.E.J. Armstrong,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.E.J. Armstrong, K.A. Nelson, S.L. Dudarev CCFE-PR(14)10 Lattice Swelling and Modulus Change in a Helium.R. Gilbert 2 , A.A. Maznev 4 , W. Liu 5 , D.E.J. Armstrong 3 , K.A. Nelson 4 , S.L. Dudarev 2, 3 1 CCFE Maznev4, W Liu5, DEJ Armstrong3, KA Nelson4, SL Dudarev2, 3 1 Department

142

How does trench coupling lead to mountain building in the Subandes? A viscoelastoplastic finite element model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

How does trench coupling lead to mountain building in the Subandes? A viscoelastoplastic finite element model Gang Luo1 and Mian Liu1 Received 10 June 2008; revised 3 December 2008; accepted 2 February cause of the Andean mountain building. The present-day crustal shortening in the Andes is clear from

Liu, Mian

143

Safety analysis of software product lines using state-based modeling q , Josh Dehlinger a  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Safety analysis of software product lines using state-based modeling q Jing Liu a , Josh Dehlinger of managing variations and their potential interactions across an entire product line currently hinders safety analysis in safety-critical, software product lines. The work described here contributes to a solution

Lutz, Robyn R.

144

Predicting Protein Folds with Structural Repeats Using a Chain Graph Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Predicting Protein Folds with Structural Repeats Using a Chain Graph Model Yan Liu yanliu, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213 USA Abstract Protein fold recognition is a key step to to accurately identify protein folds aris- ing from typical spatial arrangements of well-defined secondary

Xing, Eric P.

145

Theories in Information Visualization: What, Why and How Zhicheng Liu* and John Stasko  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

power. Famous examples are Newton's three laws of motion and law of universal gravitation, which can of what, why and how. We discuss five possible forms of theory: law, model, framework, taxonomy five forms of theory that are potentially relevant for InfoVis: law, model, framework, taxonomy

Stasko, John T.

146

Personalized News Recommendation Based on Click Jiahui Liu, Peter Dolan, Elin Rnby Pedersen  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to the site. Author Keywords Personalization, user modeling, news trend. ACM Classification Keywords H5.m. Information interfaces and presentation (e.g., HCI): Miscellaneous. INTRODUCTION News reading has changed

Tomkins, Andrew

147

H FILTERING AND PHYSICAL MODELING FOR ROBUST KINEMATICS ESTIMATION Edward W.B. Lo, Huafeng Liu, and Pengcheng Shi  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, and Pengcheng Shi Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering Hong Kong University of Science

Shi, Pengcheng

148

Limits of applicability of the advection-dispersion model in aquifers containing connected high-conductivity channels  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-conductivity channels Gaisheng Liu and Chunmiao Zheng Department of Geological Sciences, University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, Alabama, USA Steven M. Gorelick Department of Geological and Environmental Sciences, Stanford.10. We evaluated how well an advection- dispersion model (ADM) could be used to represent solute plumes

Zheng, Chunmiao

149

NACP Site-Model and Aggregated Flux Data Published  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Site-Model and Aggregated Flux Data Published Site-Model and Aggregated Flux Data Published The ORNL DAAC is pleased to announce the release of a data set from the North American Carbon Program (NACP): NACP Site: Terrestrial Biosphere Model and Aggregated Flux Data in Standard Format . Data set prepared by D.M. Ricciuto, K. Schaefer, P.E. Thornton, K. Davis, R.B. Cook, Shishi Liu, R. Anderson, M.A. Arain, I. Baker, J.M. Chen, M. Dietze, R. Grant, C. Izaurralde, A.K. Jain, A.W. King, C. Kucharik, Shuguang Liu, E. Lokupitiya, Y. Luo, C. Peng, B. Poulter, D. Price, W. Riley, A. Sahoo, H. Tian, C. Tonitto, and H. Verbeeck. This data set provides standardized output variables for gross primary productivity (GPP), net ecosystem exchange (NEE), leaf area index (LAI), ecosystem respiration (Re), latent heat flux (LE), and sensible heat flux (H) from 24

150

Liu aLumnus heads ikea new hope for africa cuLturaL jigsaw puzzLes feLL in Love with sweden warm encounters Antarctic adventureLiU alumnus Carl Wernhoff has been chasing photons at the South Pole | page 12  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Solar energy gives hope LiU hosted World Renewable Energy Congress | page 22 magazine Energy Congress 2011. It was a week of critical assessment of issues rela- ting to renewable energy to optimism LiU hosted World Renewable Energy Congress. 24 To see through fresh eyes Internationally well

Zhao, Yuxiao

151

Prediction of Ice Crystal Number in Community Atmospheric Model (CAM3.0)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Prediction of Ice Crystal Number in Community Atmospheric Model (CAM3.0) Prediction of Ice Crystal Number in Community Atmospheric Model (CAM3.0) Liu, Xiaohong Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Ghan, Steven Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Wang, M University of Michigan Penner, Joyce University of Michigan Category: Modeling A prognostic equation of ice crystal number concentrations is implemented in the Community Atmospheric Model (CAM3.0) with the aim to study the aerosol effects on climate through changing the ice cloud properties. The microphysical processes affecting the ice number concentration include ice nucleation, secondary production of crystals, and the conversion of ice to snow. For ice nucleation process, Liu and Penner (2005) parameterization of homogeneous nucleation of sulfate and heterogeneous immersion nucleation on

152

SDI: Solar Dome Instrument for Solar Irradiance Monitoring Tao Liu1, Ankur U. Kamthe1, Varick L. Erickson1, Carlos F. M. Coimbra2 and Alberto E. Cerpa1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SDI: Solar Dome Instrument for Solar Irradiance Monitoring Tao Liu1, Ankur U. Kamthe1, Varick L data for ground solar irradiance (direct normal and global irradiance) is a major obstacle for the de- velopment of adequate policies to promote and take advan- tage of existing solar technologies. Although

Cerpa, Alberto E.

153

INTEGRATED INKING CHIP FOR MULTI-INK DIP PEN NANOLITHOGRAPHY K.S. Ryu, X. Wang, K. Shaikh, D. Bullen, E. Goluch, J. Zou, C. Liu, "Integrated Microfluidic Inking  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Bullen, E. Goluch, J. Zou, C. Liu, "Integrated Microfluidic Inking Chip for Scanning Probe (inking) multiple nanolithography tips in a high- density array has been developed. The microfluidic chip. Inks are supplied to the inking pads from reservoirs through backside microfluidic channels. The thin

Shull, Kenneth R.

154

FY 2010 Second Quarter Report Evaluation of the Liu-Daum-McGraw (LDM) Drizzle Threshold Parameterization using Measurements from the VAMOS Ocean-Cloud-Atmosphere Land Study (VOCALS) Field Campaign  

SciTech Connect

Metric for Quarter 2: Evaluate LDM (Liu, Daum, McGraw) drizzle threshold parameterization for a range of cloud conditions by comparing the threshold function computed using measurements of cloud droplet number concentration and cloud liquid water content to measurements of drizzle droplet number concentrations and/or drizzle water content.

McGraw, R; Kleinman, LI; Springston, SR; Daum, PH; Senum, G; Wang, J

2011-04-04T23:59:59.000Z

155

An atlas of carbon nanotube optical transitions Kaihui Liu1,2, Jack Deslippe1,3, Fajun Xiao1,4, Rodrigo B. Capaz1,5, Xiaoping Hong1, Shaul Aloni6,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An atlas of carbon nanotube optical transitions Kaihui Liu1,2, Jack Deslippe1,3, Fajun Xiao1 the establishment of a structure­property `atlas' for nanotube optical transitions based on simultaneous electron structures on silicon substrates, had diameters in the range 1.3­4.7 nm. We also use this atlas as a starting

Zettl, Alex

156

Research Staff - Center for Transportation Analysis  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Research Staff Research Staff CTA Staff David E. Smith Center Director [CV/Bio] Alphabetic List Debbie Bain P.T. Jones [CV/Bio] Ingrid Busch [CV/Bio] Keith Kahl [CV/Bio] Gary Capps [CV/Bio] Tim LaClair [CV/Bio] Shih-Miao Chin [CV/Bio] Brandon Langley [CV/Bio] Sujit Das [CV/Bio] Jan Mou Li [CV/Bio] Diane Davidson [CV/Bio] Zhenhong Lin [CV/Bio] Stacy Davis [CV/Bio] Changzheng Liu [CV/Bio] Dean Deter [CV/Bio] Andreas Malikopoulos [CV/Bio] Susan Diegel [CV/Bio] Sheila Moore Oscar Franzese [CV/Bio] Bruce Peterson [CV/Bio] Rick Goeltz [CV/Bio] Simon Rose [CV/Bio] Steve Gordon [CV/Bio] Bo Saulsbury [CV/Bio] Mike Hilliard [CV/Bio] Mike Schultze [CV/Bio] Ho-Ling Hwang [CV/Bio] Adam Siekmann [CV/Bio]

157

Nonlinear elasto-plastic model for dense granular flow  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This work proposes a model for granular deformation that predicts the stress and velocity profiles in well-developed dense granular flows. Recent models for granular elasticity (Jiang and Liu 2003) and rate-sensitive plastic flow (Jop et al. 2006) are reformulated and combined into one universal granular continuum law, capable of predicting flowing regions and stagnant zones simultaneously in any arbitrary 3D flow geometry. The unification is performed by justifying and implementing a Kroner-Lee elasto-plastic decomposition, with care taken to ensure certain continuum physical principles are necessarily upheld. The model is then numerically implemented in multiple geometries and results are compared to experiments and discrete simulations.

Ken Kamrin

2009-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

158

Liu et aL.September 2012 373 Simulation of ocean ReSponSeS to an idealized  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, inundation, significant wave heights and ocean currents in shallow coastal areas as a result of wave, significant wave height and ocean currents. Only in a TC-wave- ocean three-way coupled system, air, inundation, currents and significant wave height. Keywords: coupled atmosphere-wave-ocean modeling system

Liu, Paul

159

Why Steiner-tree type algorithms work for community detection Mung Chiang Henry Lam Zhenming Liu Vincent Poor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

design an ef- ficient algorithm for recovering most mem- bers in S with well-controlled false positive overhead, by utilizing the network structure for a large family of "homogeneous" gener- ative models., 2011). This line of problems have been extensively stud- ied. In this paper, we shall revisit

Lam, Henry

160

First Order Rough LogicRevisited T.Y. Lin 1;2 and Qing Liu 3  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on axiomatic rough set theory, first order rough logic was developed earlier. In this paper, a new model theory and rough set theory. Rough set theory is based on a known equivalence relation (indis­ cernibility relation equivalence relation. How­ ever, to see clearly the relationships between rough logic and rough set theories

Lin, Tsau Young

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "modeling changzheng liu" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Experimental and Modeling Study of Sulfur Capture by Limestone in Selected Conditions of Air-Fired and Oxy-fuel Circulating Fluidized-Bed Boilers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Liu et al.(5) noticed the influence of the system itself, noting that SO2 is enriched in the furnace of oxy-fuel combustion systems because the flue gas is recycled. ... This work has also been supported by the Academy of Finland under Grant 124368 and Foster Wheeler Energia Oy. ... In this study, the influence of CO2 on sulfur capture efficiency was studied during fluidized-bed desulfurization by experiments and modeling. ...

Sirpa Takkinen; Timo Hyppnen; Jaakko Saastamoinen; Toni Pikkarainen

2011-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

162

Modeling  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

a single-fluid diffuse interface model in the ALE-AMR hydrodynamics code to simulate surface tension effects. We show simula- tions and compare them to other surface tension...

163

Modeling  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

sion effects. We show the result of a test case, and compare it to the result without surface tension. The model describes droplet formation nicely. Application The ARRA-funded...

164

Modeling Tools for Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Analysis  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Tools for Solid Oxide Fuel Tools for Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Design and Analysis Moe A Khaleel BJ Koeppel, W Liu, K Lai, KP Recknagle, EM Ryan, EV Stephens, X Sun Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Richland, WA 99352 11 th Annual SECA Workshop Pittsburgh, PA July 27-29, 2009 1 PNNL SOFC Modeling Tools SOFC-MP Stack level model for fast analysis of co/counter-flow SOFC stack performance Detailed electrochemistry model Cell level model for the investigation of secondary reactions (degradation/contamination) mechanisms within the tri-layer Component-based design and performance modeling Contact material Interconnect Glass seal 2 SOFC-MP Stack Simulation Code Recent Accomplishments Major memory improvements of 3D model to accommodate 50-cell stacks on LINUX platform. Previously, developed a 2D (or stacked

165

Modelling oil price volatility with structural breaks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper, we provide two main innovations: (i) we analyze oil prices of two prominent markets namely West Texas Intermediate (WTI) and Brent using the two recently developed tests by Narayan and Popp (2010) and Liu and Narayan, 2010 both of which allow for two structural breaks in the data series; and (ii) the latter method is modified to include both symmetric and asymmetric volatility models. We identify two structural breaks that occur in 1990 and 2008 which coincidentally correspond to the Iraqi/Kuwait conflict and the global financial crisis, respectively. We find evidence of persistence and leverage effects in the oil price volatility. While further extensions can be pursued, the consideration of asymmetric effects as well as structural breaks should not be jettisoned when modelling oil price volatility.

Afees A. Salisu; Ismail O. Fasanya

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

The Yi Liu Group - Home  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Research Research Group Members News Publications Contacts Home Research Group Members News Publications Contacts - A supramolecular approach to better n-type organic field effect transistors. Soon in Adv. Mater. - Electron donors, acceptors, and host-guest complexes enable supramolecular networks in action. See the trio publications on J. Am. Chem. Soc., Polym. Chem., and Chem. Eur. J. - Encaged! Not one, not two, but three. Three-fold clipping leads to triply threaded interlocked structures. Soon in Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. - Strongly interacting C3-symmetric donor-acceptor pairs made its way to Chem. Sci. - Check out our recent report on organic semi- conductors and molecular switches at Appl. Mat. Inter. and Agnew. Chem. Int. Ed. - Advances in efficient bio- orthogonal labeling - soon in Agnew. Chem.

167

U.S. Department of Energy Commercial Reference Building Models of the National Building Stock  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Department of Energy Department of Energy Commercial Reference Building Models of the National Building Stock Michael Deru, Kristin Field, Daniel Studer, Kyle Benne, Brent Griffith, and Paul Torcellini National Renewable Energy Laboratory Bing Liu, Mark Halverson, Dave Winiarski, and Michael Rosenberg Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Mehry Yazdanian Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Joe Huang Formerly of Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Drury Crawley Formerly of the U.S. Department of Energy Technical Report NREL/TP-5500-46861 February 2011 NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy, operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC. National Renewable Energy Laboratory

168

Mathematical modeling of cold cap  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

(Eds.), Mathematical Simulation in Glass Technology, Springer, 2002. 2 C. Moukarzel, W.S. Kuhn, Glass Sci. Technol. 76 (2003) 81-90. 3 Z. Feng, D. Li, G. Qin, S. Liu, J. Am....

169

ASSESSMENTVILLE A PREVIEW Ehud Sharlin1, Benjamin Watson2, Lili Liu1, Steve Sutphen1, Robert Lederer1, Pablo Figueroa1 and John Frazer3  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the precise physical counterparts (3D print-out) of the virtual models. The CMP's usage of identical physical

Sharlin, Ehud

170

Modeling Water Management in Polymer-Electrolyte Fuel Cells  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

149 (2004). A. Bazylak, D. Sinton, Z. S. Liu and N. Djilali,7, A408 S. Litster, D. Sinton and N. Djilali, J. Power

Weber, Adam; Department of Chemical Engineering, University of California, Berkeley

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

A Molecular-Thermodynamic Lattice Model for Binary Mixtures  

SciTech Connect

Using a method originally proposed for describing a continuum-space polymer fluid, a new expression for the Helmholtz energy of mixing is proposed for a binary lattice mixture. Molecular size asymmetry and nonrandomness due to segment-segment interactions are taken into account. An expression proposed by Yan, Liu and Hu for a binary lattice mixture of monomers, based on the Ising model, is used as a reference system. Calculated critical constants and liquid-liquid coexistence curves are in good agreement with Monte Carlo simulations for lattice mixtures with modest size asymmetry. Because lattice spacing rises with increasing temperature, comparison of calculated binary liquid-liquid equilibria with experiment requires that calculations take into account that the interchange energy falls as temperature rises. While the new expression for the Helmholtz energy of mixing provides much improvement over the Flory-Huggins equation, calculated liquid-liquid equilibria for three binary systems are similar to those from Guggenheim's quasi-chemical theory.

Qin, Yuan; Prausnitz, John M.

2005-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

172

An MJO Simulated by the NICAM at 14-and 7-km Resolutions PING LIU,* MASAKI SATOH,1 BIN WANG,* HIRONORI FUDEYASU,* TOMOE NASUNO,1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(Manuscript received 4 February 2009, in final form 28 March 2009) ABSTRACT This study discloses detailed Madden­Julian oscillation (MJO) characteristics in the two 30-day integrations of the global cloud-system of Wheeler and Hendon. The model anomaly is derived by excluding the observed climatology because

Masunaga, Hirohiko

173

Proceedings of the 2006 Winter Simulation Conference L. F. Perrone, F. P. Wieland, J. Liu, B. G. Lawson, D. M. Nicol, and R. M. Fujimoto, eds.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Moreover, until recently generating the appropriate data to fuel the computationalists' appetite has proved of Science Rehovot 76100, ISRAEL Michael Hucka Biological Network Modeling Center (BNMC) Beckman Institute M this approach that there has been considerable skepticism as to the need for an alternative approach

Oxford, University of

174

Improved Modeling and Understanding of Diffusion-Media Wettability on Polymer-Electrolyte-Fuel-Cell Performance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

90 (2007) 3. S. Litster, D. Sinton, N. Djilali, J. Power2006) 294. A. Bazylak, D. Sinton, Z.S. Liu, N. Djilali, J.

Weber, Adam

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

Life-Cycle Energy Use and Greenhouse Gas Emission Implicaitons of Brazilian Sugarcane Ethanol Simulated with the GREET Model  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Life-Cycle Energy Use and Greenhouse Gas Emission Implications of Life-Cycle Energy Use and Greenhouse Gas Emission Implications of Brazilian Sugarcane Ethanol Simulated with the GREET Model Michael Wang*, May Wu, Hong Huo and Jiahong Liu Center for Transportation Research, Argonne National Laboratory, 9700 South Cass Avenue, Argonne, IL 60439, USA. *Contact author: Tel: +1 (630) 252 2819 Fax: +1 (630) 252 3443 Email: mqwang@anl.gov In International Sugar Journal 2008, Vol. 110, No. 1317 ABSTRACT By using data available in the open literature, we expanded the Greenhouse Gases, Regulated Emissions, and Energy Use in Transportation (GREET) model developed by Argonne National Laboratory to include Brazilian-grown sugarcane ethanol. With the expanded GREET model, we examined the well-to-wheels (WTW) energy use and

176

Pore-scale simulation of liquid CO2 displacement of water using a two-phase lattice Boltzmann model  

SciTech Connect

A lattice Boltzmann color-fluid model, which was recently proposed by Liu et al. [H. Liu, A.J. Valocchi, and Q. Kang. Three-dimensional lattice Boltzmann model for immiscible two-phase flow simulations. Phys. Rev. E, 85:046309, 2012.] based on a concept of continuum surface force, is improved to simulate immiscible two-phase flows in porous media. The new improvements allow the model to account for different kinematic viscosities of both fluids and to model fluid-solid interactions. The capability and accuracy of this model is first validated by two benchmark tests: a layered two-phase flow with a viscosity ratio, and a dynamic capillary intrusion. This model is then used to simulate liquid CO2 (LCO2) displacing water in a dual-permeability pore network. The extent and behavior of LCO2 preferential flow (i.e., fingering) is found to depend on the capillary number (Ca), and three different displacement patterns observed in previous micromodel experiments are reproduced. The predicted variation of LCO2 saturation with Ca, as well as variation of specific interfacial length with LCO2 saturation, are both in good agreement with the experimental observations. To understand the effect of heterogeneity on pore-scale displacement, we also simulate LCO2 displacing water in a randomly heterogeneous pore network, which has the same size and porosity as the dual-permeability pore network. In comparison to the dual-permeability case, the transition from capillary fingering to viscous fingering occurs at a higher Ca, and LCO2 saturation is higher at low Ca but lower at high Ca. In either pore network, the LCO2-water specific interfacial length is found to obey a power-law dependence on LCO2 saturation.

Liu, Haihu; Valocchi, Albert J.; Werth, Charles J.; Kang, Oinjun; Oostrom, Martinus

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Women @ Energy: Bing Liu | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers (EERE)

Jessie Gaylord Robin Goldstone is a computer scientist working in the High Performance Computing (HPC) division at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL). Women @...

178

Di-Jia Liu | Argonne National Laboratory  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

aligned carbon nanotube based membrane electrode for proton exchange membrane (PEM) fuel cell application; low-cost electrode catalysts as alternative to platinum group...

179

The 13C-Pocket Structure in AGB Models: Constraints from Zirconium Isotope Abundances in Single Mainstream SiC Grains  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present postprocess AGB nucleosynthesis models with different $^{13}$C-pocket internal structures to better explain zirconium isotope measurements in mainstream presolar SiC grains by Nicolussi et al. (1997) and Barzyk et al. (2007). We show that higher-than-solar $^{92}$Zr/$^{94}$Zr ratios can be predicted by adopting a $^{13}$C-pocket with a flat $^{13}$C profile, instead of the previous decreasing-with-depth $^{13}$C profile. The improved agreement between grain data for zirconium isotopes and AGB models provides additional support for a recent proposal of a flat $^{13}$C profile based on barium isotopes in mainstream SiC grains by Liu et al. (2014).

Liu, Nan; Bisterzo, Sara; Davis, Andrew M; Savina, Michael R; Pellin, Michael J

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Comparison of the Vertical Velocity Used to Calculate the Cloud Droplet Number Concentration in a Cloud Resolving and a Global Climate Model  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Comparison of the Vertical Velocity Comparison of the Vertical Velocity used to Calculate the Cloud Droplet Number Concentration in a Cloud-Resolving and a Global Climate Model H. Guo, J. E. Penner, M. Herzog, and X. Liu Department of Atmospheric, Oceanic and Space Sciences University of Michigan Ann Arbor, Michigan Introduction Anthropogenic aerosols are effective cloud condensation nuclei (CCN). The availability of CCN affects the initial cloud droplet number concentration (CDNC) and droplet size; therefore, cloud optical properties (the so-called first aerosol indirect effect). However, the estimate of CDNC from a mechanistic treatment shows significant differences from the empirical schemes mainly due to the large bias of the large-scale vertical velocity (w) (Ghan et al. 1993, 1995; Boucher and Lohmann 1995;

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "modeling changzheng liu" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
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to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Generic Disposal System Modeling--Fiscal Year 2011 Progress Report  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

12/2011 12/2011 Rev. 2 FCRD- T10-201 0-00005 FCRD Technical Integration Office (TIO) DOCUMENT NUMBER REQUEST TRANSMITTAL SHEET 1. Document Information Document Title/Description: Generic Disposal System Modeling--Fiscal Year 2011 Revision: 0 Progress Re~ort Assigned Document Number: FCRD-USED-2011-000184 Effective Start Date: 08/1112011 Document Author/Creator: D. Clayton, G. Freeze, T. Hadgu, E. Hardin, J. Lee, OR .~: J. Prouty, R. Rogers, W.M. Nutt, J. Berkholzer, H.H. Liu, L. Zheng, S. Chu Document Owner: Palmer Vaughn Date Range: Originating Organization: Sandia National Laboratories From: To: Milestone OM1 ~M2 OM3 ~M4 o Not a Milestone Milestone Number:: M21UF034101 and M41UF035102 Work Package WBS Number: FTSN11 UF0341 and FTSN11 UF0351; 1.02.08.03 Controlled Unclassified Infonnation (CUI) Type ~ None OOUO OAT o Other FCRD SYSTEM: Year: o FUEL Fuels 2011 OINTL International

182

Learning, Modeling, and Understanding Vehicle Surround Using Multi-Modal Sensing /  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Simon, W. Niehsen, and C. Stiller, Detection of close cut-Liu, J. Sparbert, and C. Stiller, Immpda vehicle trackingH. Loose, U. Franke, and C. Stiller, Kalman particle filter

Sivaraman, Sayanan

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Heterogeneous Concurrent Modeling and Design in Java (Volume 2: Ptolemy II Software Architecture)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Xiaojun Liu Lukito Muliadi Steve Neuendorffer John Reekie Neil Smyth Jeff Tsay Brian Vogel Winthrop Williams Yuhong Xiong Yang Zhao Haiyang Zheng Gang Zhou Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer

184

CCSM Atmosphere Model Working Group Report, 22-24 March 2006  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, Aiguo Donner, Leo Eaton, Brian Gent, Peter Gettelman, Andrew Ghan, Steven J Hack, James Hannay, Cecile, Colette L. Hess, Peter Heymsfeld, Andrew Liu, Hongyu Neu, Jessica Rodriguez, Jose M. Vit

185

Generalized Volterra Series model for highly nonlinear optical interconnects, circuits and devices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

D. Huang, E. Yuceturk, P. J. Marchand, S. C. Esener, V. H.Sciences, 2003. S. Esener, P. Marchand, V. Ozguz, Y. Liu, D.1999. Z. Xuezhe, P. J. Marchand, D. Huang, S. C. Esener,

Ycetrk, Emel

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Basic model Basic model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Early days Basic model Literature Classical literature Bayes pre-MCMC Bayes post-MCMC Basic model systems via latent factors Hedibert Freitas Lopes Booth School of Business University of Chicago Col / 66 #12;Early days Basic model Literature Classical literature Bayes pre-MCMC Bayes post-MCMC Basic

Liu, I-Shih

187

Comparison of Joint Modeling Approaches Including Eulerian Sliding Interfaces  

SciTech Connect

Accurate representation of discontinuities such as joints and faults is a key ingredient for high fidelity modeling of shock propagation in geologic media. The following study was done to improve treatment of discontinuities (joints) in the Eulerian hydrocode GEODYN (Lomov and Liu 2005). Lagrangian methods with conforming meshes and explicit inclusion of joints in the geologic model are well suited for such an analysis. Unfortunately, current meshing tools are unable to automatically generate adequate hexahedral meshes for large numbers of irregular polyhedra. Another concern is that joint stiffness in such explicit computations requires significantly reduced time steps, with negative implications for both the efficiency and quality of the numerical solution. An alternative approach is to use non-conforming meshes and embed joint information into regular computational elements. However, once slip displacement on the joints become comparable to the zone size, Lagrangian (even non-conforming) meshes could suffer from tangling and decreased time step problems. The use of non-conforming meshes in an Eulerian solver may alleviate these difficulties and provide a viable numerical approach for modeling the effects of faults on the dynamic response of geologic materials. We studied shock propagation in jointed/faulted media using a Lagrangian and two Eulerian approaches. To investigate the accuracy of this joint treatment the GEODYN calculations have been compared with results from the Lagrangian code GEODYN-L which uses an explicit treatment of joints via common plane contact. We explore two approaches to joint treatment in the code, one for joints with finite thickness and the other for tight joints. In all cases the sliding interfaces are tracked explicitly without homogenization or blending the joint and block response into an average response. In general, rock joints will introduce an increase in normal compliance in addition to a reduction in shear strength. In the present work we consider the limiting case of stiff discontinuities that only affect the shear strength of the material.

Lomov, I; Antoun, T; Vorobiev, O

2009-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

188

Aerosol penetration of leak pathways : an examination of the available data and models.  

SciTech Connect

Data and models of aerosol particle deposition in leak pathways are described. Pathways considered include capillaries, orifices, slots and cracks in concrete. The Morewitz-Vaughan criterion for aerosol plugging of leak pathways is shown to be applicable only to a limited range of particle settling velocities and Stokes numbers. More useful are sampling efficiency criteria defined by Davies and by Liu and Agarwal. Deposition of particles can be limited by bounce from surfaces defining leak pathways and by resuspension of particles deposited on these surfaces. A model of the probability of particle bounce is described. Resuspension of deposited particles can be triggered by changes in flow conditions, particle impact on deposits and by shock or vibration of the surfaces. This examination was performed as part of the review of the AP1000 Standard Combined License Technical Report, APP-GW-GLN-12, Revision 0, 'Offsite and Control Room Dose Changes' (TR-112) in support of the USNRC AP1000 Standard Combined License Pre-Application Review.

Powers, Dana Auburn

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

A direct comparison of X-ray spectral models for tori in active galactic nuclei  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Several X-ray spectral models for tori in active galactic nuclei (AGNs) are available to constrain the properties of tori; however, the accuracy of these models has not been verified. We recently construct a code for the torus using Geant4, which can easily handle different geometries (Liu & Li 2014). Thus, we adopt the same assumptions as Murphy & Yaqoob (2009, hereafter MY09) and Brightman & Nandra (2011, hereafter BN11) and try to reproduce their spectra. As a result, we can reproduce well the reflection spectra and the strength of the Fe K$\\alpha$ line of MY09, for both $\\NH=10^{24}$ and $10^{25}$ cm$^{-2}$. However, we cannot produce the strong reflection component of BN11 in the low-energy band. The origin of this component is the reflection from the visible inner wall of the torus, and it should be very weak in the edge-on directions under the geometry of BN11. Therefore, the behaviour of the reflection spectra in BN11 is not consistent with their geometry. The strength of the Fe K$\\alpha$ ...

Liu, Yuan

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

A  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

numerical scheme for including surface tension effects in hydrodynamic simulation: a full Korteweg type model without parasitic flows Wangyi Liu 1 , John Barnard 2 , Alice Koniges...

191
192

Modeling & Simulation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Modeling & Simulation Modeling & Simulation Research into alternative forms of energy, especially energy security, is one of the major national security imperatives of this...

193

Lifecycle Model  

Directives, Delegations, and Requirements

This chapter describes the lifecycle model used for the Departmental software engineering methodology.

1997-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

194

MULTIGRID CALCULATIONS FOB. CASCADES Antony Jameson and Feng Liu  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, NJ 08544 1. Introduction Development of numerical methods for internal flows such as the flow in gas turbines or compressors has generally met with less success than that for external flows, due and implicit residual averaging to extend the stability limit and accelerate convergence. Finally very rapid

Jameson, Antony

195

KAM-BIU LIU George William Barineau III Professor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, Coastal paleoecology, Ice-core paleoclimatology, Global environmental change, Palynology, Lake sediments degradation in the Lake Baringo area, Kenya, East Africa, since AD 1650", Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology of common millet (Panicum miliaceum) in East Asia extended to 10,000 years ago", Proceedings of the National

Liu, Kam-biu

196

Microsoft PowerPoint - ARM07_hguo_Liu  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

The threshold behavior of autoconversion process has been largely described by ad hoc functions, which need further examinations. Method: ATHAM (Active Tracer...

197

Structure and energetics of carbon nanotube ropes Zejian Liu a  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

materials. Single-walled carbon nanotubes, produced by the popular techniques such as electric arc-discharge

Qin, Lu-Chang

198

Geographical Load Balancing with Renewables Zhenhua Liu, Minghong Lin,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CMS, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena {zliu2,mhlin,adamw,slow}@caltech.edu Lachlan L. H significantly reduce the required capacity of renewable energy by using the energy more efficiently with "follow more wind than photovoltaic solar. 1. INTRODUCTION Energy consumption of data centers is of growing

Jensen, Grant J.

199

A FRAMEWORK FOR TRANSMISSION CONGESTION MANAGEMENT ANALYSIS MINGHAI LIU  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

markets introduces uncertainty in the LMPs and consequently, in transmission pricing. In order to protect

Gross, George

200

Rough operations on Boolean algebras Guilin Qi and Weiru Liu  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

; Rough operations; Uncertainty measures 1 Introduction Rough set theory was introduced by Pawlak [16] to generalize the classical set theory. In rough set theory, given an equivalence relation on a universe, we can is corresponding to the equivalence relation [11]. In [14,15], Yao generalized rough set theory by generalizing

Liu, Weiru

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "modeling changzheng liu" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Minghui Liu | Center for Bio-Inspired Solar Fuel Production  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Principal Investigators Postdoctoral Fellows Center researchers Graduate Students Undergraduate Students All Bisfuel Center Personnel Alex Volosin Anindya Roy Antaeres'...

202

Use of EMCS Recorded Data to Identify Potential Savings Due to Improved HVAC Operations & Maintenance (O&M)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Use of EMCS Recorded Data to Identify Potential Savings Due to Improved HVAC Operations & Maintenance(O&M) Mingsheng Liu, Yeqiao Zhu, and David Claridge Energy Systems Laboratory Texas A&M University ABSTRACT In most chiller and boiler central... and cooling energy consumption using an appropriate model [Liu 1995, Liu and Claridge 19951 with the bin weather data for each building. Step 5: Calculate the campus consumption as the sum of consumption of all buildings. Step 6: Compare the simulated...

Liu, M.; Zhu, Y.; Claridge, D. E.

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Soot microphysical effects on liquid clouds, a multi-model investigation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Soot microphysical effects on liquid clouds, a multi-model investigation Soot microphysical effects on liquid clouds, a multi-model investigation Title Soot microphysical effects on liquid clouds, a multi-model investigation Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 2011 Authors Koch, Dorothy M., Yves Balkanski, Susanne E. Bauer, Richard C. Easter, Sylvaine Ferrachat, Steven J. Ghan, Corinna Hoose, Trond Iversen, Alf Kirkevåg, Jon E. Kristjánsson, Xiaohong Liu, Ulrike Lohmann, Surabi Menon, Johannes Quaas, Michael Schulz, Øyvind Seland, Toshihiko Takemura, and N. Yan Journal Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Volume 11 Pagination 1051-1064 Abstract We use global models to explore the microphysical effects of carbonaceous aerosols on liquid clouds. Although absorption of solar radiation by soot warms the atmosphere, soot may cause climate cooling due to its contribution to cloud condensation nuclei (CCN) and therefore cloud brightness. Six global models conducted three soot experiments; four of the models had detailed aerosol microphysical schemes. The average cloud radiative response to biofuel soot (black and organic carbon), including both indirect and semi-direct effects, is -0.11 Wm-2, comparable in size but opposite in sign to the respective direct effect. In a more idealized fossil fuel black carbon experiment, some models calculated a positive cloud response because soot provides a deposition sink for sulfuric and nitric acids and secondary organics, decreasing nucleation and evolution of viable CCN. Biofuel soot particles were also typically assumed to be larger and more hygroscopic than for fossil fuel soot and therefore caused more negative forcing, as also found in previous studies. Diesel soot (black and organic carbon) experiments had relatively smaller cloud impacts with five of the models <±0.06 Wm-2 from clouds. The results are subject to the caveats that variability among models, and regional and interrannual variability for each model, are large. This comparison together with previously published results stresses the need to further constrain aerosol microphysical schemes. The non-linearities resulting from the competition of opposing effects on the CCN population make it difficult to extrapolate from idealized experiments to likely impacts of realistic potential emission changes.

204

Non-perturbative modelling of energetic particle effects on resistive wall mode: Anisotropy and finite orbit width  

SciTech Connect

A non-perturbative magnetohydrodynamic-kinetic hybrid formulation is developed and implemented into the MARS-K code [Liu et al., Phys. Plasmas 15, 112503 (2008)] that takes into account the anisotropy and asymmetry [Graves et al., Nature Commun. 3, 624 (2012)] of the equilibrium distribution of energetic particles (EPs) in particle pitch angle space, as well as first order finite orbit width (FOW) corrections for both passing and trapped EPs. Anisotropic models, which affect both the adiabatic and non-adiabatic drift kinetic energy contributions, are implemented for both neutral beam injection and ion cyclotron resonant heating induced EPs. The first order FOW correction does not contribute to the precessional drift resonance of trapped particles, but generally remains finite for the bounce and transit resonance contributions, as well as for the adiabatic contributions from asymmetrically distributed passing particles. Numerical results for a 9MA steady state ITER plasma suggest that (i) both the anisotropy and FOW effects can be important for the resistive wall mode stability in ITER plasmas; and (ii) the non-perturbative approach predicts less kinetic stabilization of the mode, than the perturbative approach, in the presence of anisotropy and FOW effects for the EPs. The latter may partially be related to the modification of the eigenfunction of the mode by the drift kinetic effects.

Liu, Yueqiang, E-mail: yueqiang.liu@ccfe.ac.uk; Chapman, I. T. [Euratom/CCFE Fusion Association, Culham Science Centre, Abingdon OX14 3DB (United Kingdom)] [Euratom/CCFE Fusion Association, Culham Science Centre, Abingdon OX14 3DB (United Kingdom); Graves, J. P. [Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne (EPFL), Centre de Recherches en Physique des Plasmas, Association EURATOM-Confederation Suisse, 1015 Lausanne (Switzerland)] [Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne (EPFL), Centre de Recherches en Physique des Plasmas, Association EURATOM-Confederation Suisse, 1015 Lausanne (Switzerland); Hao, G. Z. [Southwestern Institute of Physics, PO Box 432, Chengdu 610041 (China)] [Southwestern Institute of Physics, PO Box 432, Chengdu 610041 (China); Wang, Z. R.; Menard, J. E.; Okabayashi, M. [Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, Princeton University, PO Box 451, Princeton, New Jersey 08543-0451 (United States)] [Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, Princeton University, PO Box 451, Princeton, New Jersey 08543-0451 (United States); Strait, E. J.; Turnbull, A. [General Atomics, P.O. Box 85608, San Diego, California 92186-5608 (United States)] [General Atomics, P.O. Box 85608, San Diego, California 92186-5608 (United States)

2014-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

205

Modeling Transformation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Modeling Transformation What does each step do? #12;Transformation Procedure #12;Transformation Procedure #12;Building Your Model Yarn = chromosomal DNA Beads - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Ribosomes #12;Add transformation solution Tube CaCl2 #12;Transformation solution: CaCl2

Rose, Michael R.

206

Model Building  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this talk I begin with some general discussion of model building in particle theory, emphasizing the need for motivation and testability. Three illustrative examples are then described. The first is the Left-Right model which provides an explanation for the chirality of quarks and leptons. The second is the 331-model which offers a first step to understanding the three generations of quarks and leptons. Third and last is the SU(15) model which can accommodate the light leptoquarks possibly seen at HERA.

Paul H. Frampton

1997-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

207

PREDICTIVE MODELS  

SciTech Connect

PREDICTIVE MODELS is a collection of five models - CFPM, CO2PM, ICPM, PFPM, and SFPM - used in the 1982-1984 National Petroleum Council study of enhanced oil recovery (EOR) potential. Each pertains to a specific EOR process designed to squeeze additional oil from aging or spent oil fields. The processes are: 1) chemical flooding; 2) carbon dioxide miscible flooding; 3) in-situ combustion; 4) polymer flooding; and 5) steamflood. CFPM, the Chemical Flood Predictive Model, models micellar (surfactant)-polymer floods in reservoirs, which have been previously waterflooded to residual oil saturation. Thus, only true tertiary floods are considered. An option allows a rough estimate of oil recovery by caustic or caustic-polymer processes. CO2PM, the Carbon Dioxide miscible flooding Predictive Model, is applicable to both secondary (mobile oil) and tertiary (residual oil) floods, and to either continuous CO2 injection or water-alternating gas processes. ICPM, the In-situ Combustion Predictive Model, computes the recovery and profitability of an in-situ combustion project from generalized performance predictive algorithms. PFPM, the Polymer Flood Predictive Model, is switch-selectable for either polymer or waterflooding, and an option allows the calculation of the incremental oil recovery and economics of polymer relative to waterflooding. SFPM, the Steamflood Predictive Model, is applicable to the steam drive process, but not to cyclic steam injection (steam soak) processes. The IBM PC/AT version includes a plotting capability to produces a graphic picture of the predictive model results.

Ray, R.M. (DOE Bartlesville Energy Technology Center, Bartlesville, OK (United States))

1988-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Biosystems Modeling  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Biosystems Modeling Biosystems Modeling Phantoms We are a leader nationally and internationally in the development of models and methods for predicting the behavior of radionuclides and chemicals in the body, assessing the health effects of environmental hazards, and determining the exposure-dose relationships for environmental pollutants. Our work has been a key resource to the medical community in providing the basis for dose estimates in nuclear medicine. Our tools and skills are also applicable to the areas of occupational health and safety, public health and safety, radiation protection, environmental dosimetry, and battlefield effects. Our technology base includes mathematical modeling, bone dosimetry, phantom development, and neutron dosimetry. Please direct any questions concerning the Biosystems Modeling Group to:

209

OSPREY Model  

SciTech Connect

The absence of industrial scale nuclear fuel reprocessing in the U.S. has precluded the necessary driver for developing the advanced simulation capability now prevalent in so many other countries. Thus, it is essential to model complex series of unit operations to simulate, understand, and predict inherent transient behavior and feedback loops. A capability of accurately simulating the dynamic behavior of advanced fuel cycle separation processes will provide substantial cost savings and many technical benefits. The specific fuel cycle separation process discussed in this report is the off-gas treatment system. The off-gas separation consists of a series of scrubbers and adsorption beds to capture constituents of interest. Dynamic models are being developed to simulate each unit operation involved so each unit operation can be used as a stand-alone model and in series with multiple others. Currently, an adsorption model has been developed within Multi-physics Object Oriented Simulation Environment (MOOSE) developed at the Idaho National Laboratory (INL). Off-gas Separation and REcoverY (OSPREY) models the adsorption of off-gas constituents for dispersed plug flow in a packed bed under non-isothermal and non-isobaric conditions. Inputs to the model include gas, sorbent, and column properties, equilibrium and kinetic data, and inlet conditions. The simulation outputs component concentrations along the column length as a function of time from which breakthrough data is obtained. The breakthrough data can be used to determine bed capacity, which in turn can be used to size columns. It also outputs temperature along the column length as a function of time and pressure drop along the column length. Experimental data and parameters were input into the adsorption model to develop models specific for krypton adsorption. The same can be done for iodine, xenon, and tritium. The model will be validated with experimental breakthrough curves. Customers will be given access to OSPREY to used and evaluate the model.

Veronica J. Rutledge

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

Metapopulation dynamics of Escherichia coli O157 in cattle: an exploratory model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Wei-chung Liu 1 * Louise Matthews 2 Margo Chase-Topping 3 Nick J Savill 3 Darren J Shaw 4 Mark E.J Woolhouse 3 * Author for...These preliminary results indicate a number of issues that merit more detailed study. Foremost among these is the suggestion...

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

What is a model? Why modelling?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

What is a model? Why modelling? Which models? What is a useful model? How done? Demo vowels Symposium on Phonetic Frontiers, Pékin : Chine (2008)" #12;What is a model? Why modelling? Which models? What is a useful model? How done? Demo vowels consonants Other uses speaker anatomy speaker strategy

Boyer, Edmond

212

PGMA Model  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

PGMA Model PGMA Model PM-G1-F1-012802.doc Revised January 28, 2002 Page 1 The PGMA (Policy, Guidance, Metrics, Assessments) was originally conceived as a model to provide the framework for developing the components for DOE Information Technology (IT) related policies. Its specific purpose is to drive the development of the four components and ensure a corresponding element within each component. The model components are: POLICY C A concise statement supporting the Department=s needs for quality business solutions. C Link to existing IT policy statements without redundancy. GUIDANCE C Documentation, templates, references, checklists, training, (using Web and other means) to provide implementation mechanisms and techniques for policy adherence.

213

Automated Modelling  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The previous chapters presented the fundamentals of bond graph methodology and its potential in tackling some basic problems in various application areas, e.g. models of variable structure (Chapter 7), lumped ...

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

PREDICTIVE MODELS  

SciTech Connect

PREDICTIVE MODELS is a collection of five models - CFPM, CO2PM, ICPM, PFPM, and SFPM - used in the 1982-1984 National Petroleum Council study of enhanced oil recovery (EOR) potential. Each pertains to a specific EOR process designed to squeeze additional oil from aging or spent oil fields. The processes are: 1) chemical flooding, where soap-like surfactants are injected into the reservoir to wash out the oil; 2) carbon dioxide miscible flooding, where carbon dioxide mixes with the lighter hydrocarbons making the oil easier to displace; 3) in-situ combustion, which uses the heat from burning some of the underground oil to thin the product; 4) polymer flooding, where thick, cohesive material is pumped into a reservoir to push the oil through the underground rock; and 5) steamflood, where pressurized steam is injected underground to thin the oil. CFPM, the Chemical Flood Predictive Model, models micellar (surfactant)-polymer floods in reservoirs, which have been previously waterflooded to residual oil saturation. Thus, only true tertiary floods are considered. An option allows a rough estimate of oil recovery by caustic or caustic-polymer processes. CO2PM, the Carbon Dioxide miscible flooding Predictive Model, is applicable to both secondary (mobile oil) and tertiary (residual oil) floods, and to either continuous CO2 injection or water-alternating gas processes. ICPM, the In-situ Combustion Predictive Model, computes the recovery and profitability of an in-situ combustion project from generalized performance predictive algorithms. PFPM, the Polymer Flood Predictive Model, is switch-selectable for either polymer or waterflooding, and an option allows the calculation of the incremental oil recovery and economics of polymer relative to waterflooding. SFPM, the Steamflood Predictive Model, is applicable to the steam drive process, but not to cyclic steam injection (steam soak) processes.

Ray, R.M. (DOE Bartlesville Energy Technology Technology Center, Bartlesville, OK (United States))

1986-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Model Comparison of Avalanche Models  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Vertically resolved profiles of the mean downslope flow velocity of snow have been measured on the snow chute of the SLF at Weissfluhjoch during winter 2003/04. We used correlation of reflexivity measurements at the side walls and at the centerline of the chute. Several possible physical scenarios describing the snow flow lead to different models with different degrees of freedom. Bayesian model comparison has been used to answer the question which of the physical models is most likely in the light of the available data.

U. von Toussaint; M. Kern

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Probabilistic Hazard Assessment of Tsunamis Induced by the Translational Failure of Multiple Submarine Rigid Landslides  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nonlinear Models ........................................................... 30 Figure 3 1-D Comparison between the Nonlinear, Weakly Dispersive Depth- Integrated Model of Lynett and Liu (2002), the High-Order Boussinesq Model of Fuhrman... and Madsen (2009),the BIEM as Described in Lynett and Liu (2002), and the Recreated MSE Model ....... 34 Figure 4 Evaluation of 2-D Recreated MSE Model against the High-Order Boussinesq Model of Fuhrman and Madsen (2009) and the 3-D...

Jimenez Martinez, Arturo

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

217

Criticality Model  

SciTech Connect

The ''Disposal Criticality Analysis Methodology Topical Report'' (YMP 2003) presents the methodology for evaluating potential criticality situations in the monitored geologic repository. As stated in the referenced Topical Report, the detailed methodology for performing the disposal criticality analyses will be documented in model reports. Many of the models developed in support of the Topical Report differ from the definition of models as given in the Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste Management procedure AP-SIII.10Q, ''Models'', in that they are procedural, rather than mathematical. These model reports document the detailed methodology necessary to implement the approach presented in the Disposal Criticality Analysis Methodology Topical Report and provide calculations utilizing the methodology. Thus, the governing procedure for this type of report is AP-3.12Q, ''Design Calculations and Analyses''. The ''Criticality Model'' is of this latter type, providing a process evaluating the criticality potential of in-package and external configurations. The purpose of this analysis is to layout the process for calculating the criticality potential for various in-package and external configurations and to calculate lower-bound tolerance limit (LBTL) values and determine range of applicability (ROA) parameters. The LBTL calculations and the ROA determinations are performed using selected benchmark experiments that are applicable to various waste forms and various in-package and external configurations. The waste forms considered in this calculation are pressurized water reactor (PWR), boiling water reactor (BWR), Fast Flux Test Facility (FFTF), Training Research Isotope General Atomic (TRIGA), Enrico Fermi, Shippingport pressurized water reactor, Shippingport light water breeder reactor (LWBR), N-Reactor, Melt and Dilute, and Fort Saint Vrain Reactor spent nuclear fuel (SNF). The scope of this analysis is to document the criticality computational method. The criticality computational method will be used for evaluating the criticality potential of configurations of fissionable materials (in-package and external to the waste package) within the repository at Yucca Mountain, Nevada for all waste packages/waste forms. The criticality computational method is also applicable to preclosure configurations. The criticality computational method is a component of the methodology presented in ''Disposal Criticality Analysis Methodology Topical Report'' (YMP 2003). How the criticality computational method fits in the overall disposal criticality analysis methodology is illustrated in Figure 1 (YMP 2003, Figure 3). This calculation will not provide direct input to the total system performance assessment for license application. It is to be used as necessary to determine the criticality potential of configuration classes as determined by the configuration probability analysis of the configuration generator model (BSC 2003a).

A. Alsaed

2004-09-14T23:59:59.000Z

218

Sandia National Laboratories: Modeling  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Modeling On June 26, 2014, in Computational Modeling & Simulation, Energy, Energy Surety, Grid Integration, Infrastructure Security, Modeling, Modeling & Analysis, News, News &...

219

Modeling biomembranes.  

SciTech Connect

Understanding the properties and behavior of biomembranes is fundamental to many biological processes and technologies. Microdomains in biomembranes or ''lipid rafts'' are now known to be an integral part of cell signaling, vesicle formation, fusion processes, protein trafficking, and viral and toxin infection processes. Understanding how microdomains form, how they depend on membrane constituents, and how they act not only has biological implications, but also will impact Sandia's effort in development of membranes that structurally adapt to their environment in a controlled manner. To provide such understanding, we created physically-based models of biomembranes. Molecular dynamics (MD) simulations and classical density functional theory (DFT) calculations using these models were applied to phenomena such as microdomain formation, membrane fusion, pattern formation, and protein insertion. Because lipid dynamics and self-organization in membranes occur on length and time scales beyond atomistic MD, we used coarse-grained models of double tail lipid molecules that spontaneously self-assemble into bilayers. DFT provided equilibrium information on membrane structure. Experimental work was performed to further help elucidate the fundamental membrane organization principles.

Plimpton, Steven James; Heffernan, Julieanne; Sasaki, Darryl Yoshio; Frischknecht, Amalie Lucile; Stevens, Mark Jackson; Frink, Laura J. Douglas

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

Perturbed Markovian probability models  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Perturbed Markovian probability models ... Statistical Models and NMR Analysis of Polymer Microstructure ...

H. N. Cheng

1992-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "modeling changzheng liu" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Noncommutative Standard Model: Model Building  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A noncommutative version of the usual electro-weak theory is constructed. We discuss how to overcome the two major problems: 1) although we can have noncommutative U(n) (which we denote by $U_{\\star}(n)$) gauge theory we cannot have noncommutative SU(n) and 2) the charges in noncommutative QED are quantized to just $0, \\pm 1$. We show how the problem with charge quantization, as well as with the gauge group, can be resolved by taking $U_{\\star}(3)\\times U_{\\star}(2)\\times U_{\\star}(1)$ gauge group and reducing the extra U(1) factors in an appropriate way. Then we proceed with building the noncommutative version of the standard model by specifying the proper representations for the entire particle content of the theory, the gauge bosons, the fermions and Higgs. We also present the full action for the noncommutative Standard Model (NCSM). In addition, among several peculiar features of our model, we address the {\\it inherent} CP violation and new neutrino interactions.

M. Chaichian; P. Presnajder; M. M. Sheikh-Jabbari; A. Tureanu

2003-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

222

Model-to-model transformations by demonstration  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

During the last decade several approaches have been proposed for easing the burden of writing model transformation rules manually. Among them are Model Transformation By-Demonstration (MTBD) approaches which record actions performed on example models ... Keywords: by-demonstration, by-example, model transformations

Philip Langer; Manuel Wimmer; Gerti Kappel

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Model interoperability in building information modelling  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The exchange of design models in the design and construction industry is evolving away from 2-dimensional computer-aided design (CAD) and paper towards semantically-rich 3-dimensional digital models. This approach, known as Building Information Modelling ... Keywords: Building Information Modelling, Interoperability

Jim Steel; Robin Drogemuller; Bianca Toth

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

I&C Modeling in SPAR Models  

SciTech Connect

The Standardized Plant Analysis Risk (SPAR) models for the U.S. commercial nuclear power plants currently have very limited instrumentation and control (I&C) modeling [1]. Most of the I&C components in the operating plant SPAR models are related to the reactor protection system. This was identified as a finding during the industry peer review of SPAR models. While the Emergency Safeguard Features (ESF) actuation and control system was incorporated into the Peach Bottom Unit 2 SPAR model in a recent effort [2], various approaches to expend resources for detailed I&C modeling in other SPAR models are investigated.

John A. Schroeder

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Standard Solar Model  

SciTech Connect

Solar models are important in our understanding of stars and stellar evolution. Solar models have been constructed using different methods. In this work, a solar model will be built using the fitting method. The model will incorporate the most recent input data. The model will be evolved to the current epoch starting from the zero-age main sequence model.

Loong, Lim Yaw; Yusof, Norhasliza; Kassim, Hasan Abu [Physics Department, Faculty of Science, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur (Malaysia)

2008-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

226

A physical model to estimate snowfall over land using AMSU-B observations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Weinman,3 W. S. Olson,4,5 D.-E. Chang,6 G. Skofronick-Jackson,7 and J. R. Wang7 Received 26 February 2007.-J., J. A. Weinman, W. S. Olson, D.-E. Chang, G. Skofronick-Jackson, and J. R. Wang (2008), A physical; Skofronick-Jackson et al., 2004; Liu, 2004; Noh et al., JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH, VOL. 113, D09201

Houze Jr., Robert A.

227

Research Highlight  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Group(s): Cloud-Aerosol-Precipitation Interactions Journal Reference: Shrivastava M, LK Berg, J Fast, R Easter, A Laskin, WI Gustafson, Y Liu, and CM Berkowitz. 2013. "Modeling...

228

Svenskt Krntekniskt Centrum rsredogrelse  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Physics LiU, Radiation chemistry of aqeous solutions related to nuclear reactor systems and spent fuel distributions", adj.prof Wiktor Frid, Reaktorteknologi, KTH · "Modelling of radiation damage in FeCr alloys

Haviland, David

229

Developmental Cell of the assumption that Frizzled and Strabismus con-parted to cells. In the first model, this is assumed to be  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

it is based on the idea Amonlirdviman, K., Khare, N.A., Tree, D.R.P., Chen, W.-S., Axelrod that Adler, P.N., Krasnow, R.E., and Liu, J. (1997). Curr. Biol. 7, 940­949. of Amonlirdviman et al., because

Shilo, Benny

230

Background Model formulation Patch model SIK model Conclusions War of the Worlds: Modelling the spread of an  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Background Model formulation Patch model SIK model Conclusions War of the Worlds: Modelling the spread of an invasive species an #12;Background Model formulation Patch model SIK model Conclusions Model formulation Patch model SIK model Conclusions Outline 1 Background 2 Model formulation Equations

Linder, Tamás

231

Cognitive Modeling Cognitive Modelling -The nature of  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cognitive Modeling Cognitive Modelling - The nature of Connectionism and notes on computability Mathias Hinz Universität Bremen November 17, 2014 November 17, 2014 1 #12;Cognitive Modeling topic · Comparing PDP and nature · properties of PDP · computability · discussion November 17, 2014 2 #12;Cognitive

Bremen, Universität

232

The Standard Model Beyond the Standard Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

physics with top quark Search for Extra-dimensions Conclusions 1 The Standard Model Building block quark Search for Extra-dimensions Conclusions Building block The particles and forces The Standard Model the Standard Model New physics with top quark Search for Extra-dimensions Conclusions Building block

233

Entrainment Coal Gasification Modeling  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Entrainment Coal Gasification Modeling ... Equivalent Reactor Network Model for Simulating the Air Gasification of Polyethylene in a Conical Spouted Bed Gasifier ... Equivalent Reactor Network Model for Simulating the Air Gasification of Polyethylene in a Conical Spouted Bed Gasifier ...

C. Y. Wen; T. Z. Chaung

1979-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

What are models for?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper I discuss some of the purposes and functions of building models, particularly agent-based models, and present a comprehensive list of these purposes and functions. Careful thought and attention is needed when modeling domains containing ...

Peter McBurney

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Heterogeneous actor modeling  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Complex systems demand diversity in the modeling mechanisms. This "roadmap" paper prescribes an approach to modeling based on concurrent communicating components actors), where a diversity of orchestration strategies govern the execution and interaction ... Keywords: heterogeneity, models of computation, ptolemy

Edward A. Lee

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Review: Data Modeling Handbook  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Review Review: Data Modeling Handbook Reviewed by Mike Jackson Reader...Wolverhampton Data Modeling Handbook Michael C. Reingruber and...England, Bristol Data Modeling Handbook Michael C. Reingruber and...a programming language. It does not contain much detail about......

Mike Jackson

1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

Hydrogen Delivery Analysis Models  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

DOE H2A Delivery Models: Components Model (delivery system component costs and performance) and Scenario Model (for urban and rural/interstate markets and demand levels, market penetration)

238

Dawei Liu, Yanyi Liu, Anqiang Pan, Betzaida Batalla Garcia, Qifeng Zhang and Guozhong Cao Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Washington, Seattle 98195  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to fabricate nanostructure with large surface area, reduced lithium ion diffusion path and enhanced by the repeated conversion between chemical energy and electrical energy. Schematic of lithium ion battery cell deposition with cathodic voltage -1.8 V, Manganese acetate electrolyte, Pt coated Si substrate Local p

Cao, Guozhong

239

Inter-modelling with patterns  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Inter-modelling is the activity of modelling relations between two or more modelling languages. The result of this activity is a model that describes the way in which model instances of these languages can be related. Many tasks in model-driven ... Keywords: Graph constraints, Graph transformation, Inter-modelling, Model matching, Model-to-model transformation, Traceability

Esther Guerra; Juan Lara; Fernando Orejas

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Geologic Framework Model Analysis Model Report  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this report is to document the Geologic Framework Model (GFM), Version 3.1 (GFM3.1) with regard to data input, modeling methods, assumptions, uncertainties, limitations, and validation of the model results, qualification status of the model, and the differences between Version 3.1 and previous versions. The GFM represents a three-dimensional interpretation of the stratigraphy and structural features of the location of the potential Yucca Mountain radioactive waste repository. The GFM encompasses an area of 65 square miles (170 square kilometers) and a volume of 185 cubic miles (771 cubic kilometers). The boundaries of the GFM were chosen to encompass the most widely distributed set of exploratory boreholes (the Water Table or WT series) and to provide a geologic framework over the area of interest for hydrologic flow and radionuclide transport modeling through the unsaturated zone (UZ). The depth of the model is constrained by the inferred depth of the Tertiary-Paleozoic unconformity. The GFM was constructed from geologic map and borehole data. Additional information from measured stratigraphy sections, gravity profiles, and seismic profiles was also considered. This interim change notice (ICN) was prepared in accordance with the Technical Work Plan for the Integrated Site Model Process Model Report Revision 01 (CRWMS M&O 2000). The constraints, caveats, and limitations associated with this model are discussed in the appropriate text sections that follow. The GFM is one component of the Integrated Site Model (ISM) (Figure l), which has been developed to provide a consistent volumetric portrayal of the rock layers, rock properties, and mineralogy of the Yucca Mountain site. The ISM consists of three components: (1) Geologic Framework Model (GFM); (2) Rock Properties Model (RPM); and (3) Mineralogic Model (MM). The ISM merges the detailed project stratigraphy into model stratigraphic units that are most useful for the primary downstream models and the repository design. These downstream models include the hydrologic flow models and the radionuclide transport models. All the models and the repository design, in turn, will be incorporated into the Total System Performance Assessment (TSPA) of the potential radioactive waste repository block and vicinity to determine the suitability of Yucca Mountain as a host for the repository. The interrelationship of the three components of the ISM and their interface with downstream uses are illustrated in Figure 2.

R. Clayton

2000-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "modeling changzheng liu" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Reformulated Gasoline Complex Model  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Refiners Switch to Reformulated Refiners Switch to Reformulated Gasoline Complex Model Contents * Summary * Introduction o Table 1. Comparison of Simple Model and Complex Model RFG Per Gallon Requirements * Statutory, Individual Refinery, and Compliance Baselines o Table 2. Statutory Baseline Fuel Compositions * Simple Model * Complex Model o Table 3. Complex Model Variables * Endnotes Related EIA Short-Term Forecast Analysis Products * RFG Simple and Complex Model Spreadsheets * Areas Particpating in the Reformulated Gasoline Program * Environmental Regulations and Changes in Petroleum Refining Operations * Oxygenate Supply/Demand Balances in the Short-Term Integrated Forecasting Model * Reformulated Gasoline Foreign Refinery Rules * Demand, Supply, and Price Outlook for Reformulated Motor Gasoline, 1995 , (Adobe

242

Modeling and Analysis  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

DOE modeling and analysis activities focus on reducing uncertainties and improving transparency in photovoltaics (PV) and concentrating solar power (CSP) performance modeling. The overall goal of...

243

Quintessence Model Building  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A short review of some of the aspects of quintessence model building is presented. We emphasize the role of tracking models and their possible supersymmetric origin.

Ph. Brax; J. Martin; A. Riazuelo

2001-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

244

Substation PSA Model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Chapter 6 describes how to create the substation model, the core of the PSA application... Chap. 4 . First, the modelling principles and then the details of the mode...

Liisa Haarla; Mikko Koskinen; Ritva Hirvonen

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Earth System Modeling  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Earth system models are important research tools for improving understanding ... climate system (and maybe never will), Earth system models nowadays typically focus on specific aspects, for...

Patrick Jckel

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

ROCK PROPERTIES MODEL ANALYSIS MODEL REPORT  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this Analysis and Model Report (AMR) is to document Rock Properties Model (RPM) 3.1 with regard to input data, model methods, assumptions, uncertainties and limitations of model results, and qualification status of the model. The report also documents the differences between the current and previous versions and validation of the model. The rock properties models are intended principally for use as input to numerical physical-process modeling, such as of ground-water flow and/or radionuclide transport. The constraints, caveats, and limitations associated with this model are discussed in the appropriate text sections that follow. This work was conducted in accordance with the following planning documents: WA-0344, ''3-D Rock Properties Modeling for FY 1998'' (SNL 1997, WA-0358), ''3-D Rock Properties Modeling for FY 1999'' (SNL 1999), and the technical development plan, Rock Properties Model Version 3.1, (CRWMS M&O 1999c). The Interim Change Notice (ICNs), ICN 02 and ICN 03, of this AMR were prepared as part of activities being conducted under the Technical Work Plan, TWP-NBS-GS-000003, ''Technical Work Plan for the Integrated Site Model, Process Model Report, Revision 01'' (CRWMS M&O 2000b). The purpose of ICN 03 is to record changes in data input status due to data qualification and verification activities. These work plans describe the scope, objectives, tasks, methodology, and implementing procedures for model construction. The constraints, caveats, and limitations associated with this model are discussed in the appropriate text sections that follow. The work scope for this activity consists of the following: (1) Conversion of the input data (laboratory measured porosity data, x-ray diffraction mineralogy, petrophysical calculations of bound water, and petrophysical calculations of porosity) for each borehole into stratigraphic coordinates; (2) Re-sampling and merging of data sets; (3) Development of geostatistical simulations of porosity; (4) Generation of derivative property models via linear coregionalization with porosity; (5) Post-processing of the simulated models to impart desired secondary geologic attributes and to create summary and uncertainty models; and (6) Conversion of the models into real-world coordinates. The conversion to real world coordinates is performed as part of the integration of the RPM into the Integrated Site Model (ISM) 3.1; this activity is not part of the current analysis. The ISM provides a consistent volumetric portrayal of the rock layers, rock properties, and mineralogy of the Yucca Mountain site and consists of three components: (1) Geologic Framework Model (GFM); (2) RPM, which is the subject of this AMR; and (3) Mineralogic Model. The interrelationship of the three components of the ISM and their interface with downstream uses are illustrated in Figure 1. Figure 2 shows the geographic boundaries of the RPM and other component models of the ISM.

Clinton Lum

2002-02-04T23:59:59.000Z

247

Next Generation Calibration Models with Dimensional Modeling...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Documents & Publications Reduction of Transient Particulate Matter Spikes with Decision Tree Based Control Model-Based Transient Calibration Optimization for Next Generation Diesel...

248

PREDICTIVE MODELS. Enhanced Oil Recovery Model  

SciTech Connect

PREDICTIVE MODELS is a collection of five models - CFPM, CO2PM, ICPM, PFPM, and SFPM - used in the 1982-1984 National Petroleum Council study of enhanced oil recovery (EOR) potential. Each pertains to a specific EOR process designed to squeeze additional oil from aging or spent oil fields. The processes are: 1 chemical flooding; 2 carbon dioxide miscible flooding; 3 in-situ combustion; 4 polymer flooding; and 5 steamflood. CFPM, the Chemical Flood Predictive Model, models micellar (surfactant)-polymer floods in reservoirs, which have been previously waterflooded to residual oil saturation. Thus, only true tertiary floods are considered. An option allows a rough estimate of oil recovery by caustic or caustic-polymer processes. CO2PM, the Carbon Dioxide miscible flooding Predictive Model, is applicable to both secondary (mobile oil) and tertiary (residual oil) floods, and to either continuous CO2 injection or water-alternating gas processes. ICPM, the In-situ Combustion Predictive Model, computes the recovery and profitability of an in-situ combustion project from generalized performance predictive algorithms. PFPM, the Polymer Flood Predictive Model, is switch-selectable for either polymer or waterflooding, and an option allows the calculation of the incremental oil recovery and economics of polymer relative to waterflooding. SFPM, the Steamflood Predictive Model, is applicable to the steam drive process, but not to cyclic steam injection (steam soak) processes. The IBM PC/AT version includes a plotting capability to produces a graphic picture of the predictive model results.

Ray, R.M. [DOE Bartlesville Energy Technology Center, Bartlesville, OK (United States)

1992-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

249

Sandia National Laboratories: Modeling & Analysis  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Modeling On June 26, 2014, in Computational Modeling & Simulation, Energy, Energy Surety, Grid Integration, Infrastructure Security, Modeling, Modeling & Analysis, News, News &...

250

Model Products Available  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Available Available Archiving environmental data products has become recognized as a vital research practice: it improves our ability to reproduce results and perform additional analyses while saving the cost of redundant data collection activities. The same rationale applies to archiving numerical models. Archived models will provide the methodological detail of numerical modeling studies to recreate published modeling results, enabling the synthesis of results across modeling studies and the investigation of new hypotheses. In addition, archived models will allow determination of uncertainties for comparison with results from other models in assessment / policy studies. The model source code will also allow others to see how models treat individual processes. We are creating a two-tiered archive for numerical models. The first tier

251

Building Energy Modeling Library  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Modeling (BEM) Modeling (BEM) Library TDM - Amir Roth Ellen Franconi Rocky Mountain Institute Efranconi@rmi.org 303-567-8609 April 2, 2013 Photo by : Dennis Schroeder, NREL 23250 2 | Building Technologies Office eere.energy.gov Project Overview Building Energy Modeling (BEM) Library * Define and develop a best-practices BEM knowledge repository to improve modeling consistency and address training gaps * Raise energy modeling industry "techniques" to the same

252

Multivariate Receptor Models and Model Uncertainty  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, Man-Suk Oh2 , and Peter Guttorp1 1. National Research Center for Statistics and the Environment University of Washington Seattle, WA 98195 2. Department of Statistics Ewha Women's University Seoul 120; Model identifiability; Number of sources; Posterior Model Probability; Marginal likelihood. #12;1 1

Washington at Seattle, University of

253

What is a model? Mathematical modelling Examples Conclusions What is Mathematical Modelling?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

What is a model? Mathematical modelling Examples Conclusions What is Mathematical Modelling? John 21, 2014 What is a Model? 1/33 #12;What is a model? Mathematical modelling Examples Conclusions Outline 1 What is a model? Disciplinary differences 2 Mathematical modelling Definition Quotes Modelling

Stockie, John

254

Model Validation Status Review  

SciTech Connect

The primary objective for the Model Validation Status Review was to perform a one-time evaluation of model validation associated with the analysis/model reports (AMRs) containing model input to total-system performance assessment (TSPA) for the Yucca Mountain site recommendation (SR). This review was performed in response to Corrective Action Request BSC-01-C-01 (Clark 2001, Krisha 2001) pursuant to Quality Assurance review findings of an adverse trend in model validation deficiency. The review findings in this report provide the following information which defines the extent of model validation deficiency and the corrective action needed: (1) AMRs that contain or support models are identified, and conversely, for each model the supporting documentation is identified. (2) The use for each model is determined based on whether the output is used directly for TSPA-SR, or for screening (exclusion) of features, events, and processes (FEPs), and the nature of the model output. (3) Two approaches are used to evaluate the extent to which the validation for each model is compliant with AP-3.10Q (Analyses and Models). The approaches differ in regard to whether model validation is achieved within individual AMRs as originally intended, or whether model validation could be readily achieved by incorporating information from other sources. (4) Recommendations are presented for changes to the AMRs, and additional model development activities or data collection, that will remedy model validation review findings, in support of licensing activities. The Model Validation Status Review emphasized those AMRs that support TSPA-SR (CRWMS M&O 2000bl and 2000bm). A series of workshops and teleconferences was held to discuss and integrate the review findings. The review encompassed 125 AMRs (Table 1) plus certain other supporting documents and data needed to assess model validity. The AMRs were grouped in 21 model areas representing the modeling of processes affecting the natural and engineered barriers, plus the TSPA model itself Description of the model areas is provided in Section 3, and the documents reviewed are described in Section 4. The responsible manager for the Model Validation Status Review was the Chief Science Officer (CSO) for Bechtel-SAIC Co. (BSC). The team lead was assigned by the CSO. A total of 32 technical specialists were engaged to evaluate model validation status in the 21 model areas. The technical specialists were generally independent of the work reviewed, meeting technical qualifications as discussed in Section 5.

E.L. Hardin

2001-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

255

Biosphere Model Report  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this report is to document the biosphere model, the Environmental Radiation Model for Yucca Mountain, Nevada (ERMYN), which describes radionuclide transport processes in the biosphere and associated human exposure that may arise as the result of radionuclide release from the geologic repository at Yucca Mountain. The biosphere model is one of the process models that support the Yucca Mountain Project (YMP) Total System Performance Assessment (TSPA) for the license application (LA), TSPA-LA. The ERMYN provides the capability of performing human radiation dose assessments. This report documents the biosphere model, which includes: (1) Describing the reference biosphere, human receptor, exposure scenarios, and primary radionuclides for each exposure scenario (Section 6.1); (2) Developing a biosphere conceptual model using site-specific features, events, and processes (FEPs) (Section 6.2), the reference biosphere (Section 6.1.1), the human receptor (Section 6.1.2), and approximations (Sections 6.3.1.4 and 6.3.2.4); (3) Building a mathematical model using the biosphere conceptual model (Section 6.3) and published biosphere models (Sections 6.4 and 6.5); (4) Summarizing input parameters for the mathematical model, including the uncertainty associated with input values (Section 6.6); (5) Identifying improvements in the ERMYN compared with the model used in previous biosphere modeling (Section 6.7); (6) Constructing an ERMYN implementation tool (model) based on the biosphere mathematical model using GoldSim stochastic simulation software (Sections 6.8 and 6.9); (7) Verifying the ERMYN by comparing output from the software with hand calculations to ensure that the GoldSim implementation is correct (Section 6.10); (8) Validating the ERMYN by corroborating it with published biosphere models; comparing conceptual models, mathematical models, and numerical results (Section 7).

D.W. Wu; A.J. Smith

2004-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

256

Model Validation Bernie Lesieutre  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Model Validation Model Validation Bernie Lesieutre University of Wisconsin lesieutre@wisc.edu 27 June 2013 Washington, DC DOE/OE Transmission Reliability Program 2 Project Objectives To Develop techniques and tools for PMU- and feature-based power system model validation. Background: Our prior proof-of-concept research demonstrated that feature-based sensitivity models can be used to calibrate power system dynamic models. This was applied to the WECC composite load model for oscillatory and FIDVR events. 3 Project Objectives PSLF simulation features features Sensitivity Model (parameters) Measured Data Simulated Data Features Error Adjust Parameters Technical Approach 4 Project Objectives Current Research: Use PMU data to calibrate power plant models. Four Tasks:

257

Multi-Domain Modeling  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This chapter presents several multi-domain system models. Multi-domain models are characterized by the fact that they have components belonging to different engineering domains. In this chapter, we will see mo...

Michael Tiller Ph.D.

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Enterprise Risk Management Model  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Model The Enterprise Risk Management (ERM) Model is a system used to analyze the cost and benefit of addressing risks inherent in the work performed by the Department of Energy....

259

Sandia Modeling Tool Webinar  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Hosted by the Energy Department and Western Area Power Administration, this webinar will show attendees about what collaborative, stakeholder-driven modeling is and how the modeling tools and process developed by Sandia can be used in Indian Country.

260

AVESTAR® - Dynamic Modeling  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Dynamic Modeling Dynamic Modeling The AVESTAR team is pursuing research on the dynamic modeling and simulation of advanced energy systems ranging from power plants to power grids. Dynamic models provide a continuous view of energy systems in action by calculating their transient behavior over time. Plant-wide Models For power plants, dynamic models are used to analyze a wide variety of operating scenarios, including normal base load operation, startup, shutdown, feedstock switchovers, cycling, and load-following. Dynamic process and control models are also essential for analyzing plant responses to setpoint changes and disturbances, as well as malfunctions and abnormal situations. Other applications of plant-wide dynamic models include controllability and operational flexibility analyses, environmental studies, safety evaluations, and risk mitigation.

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261

Consideration of Dynamical Effects on Parameterization of Clooud radiative Properties  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Consideration of Dynamical Effects on Consideration of Dynamical Effects on Parameterization of Cloud Radiative Properties P. H. Daum and Y. Liu Environmental Sciences Department Brookhaven National Laboratory Upton, New York Introduction Effective radius (r e ) (defined as the ratio of the third to the second moment of a droplet size distribution) is one of the key variables that are used for calculation of the radiative properties of liquid water clouds (Hansen and Travis 1974). The inclusion and parameterization of r e in climate models has proven to be critical for assessing global climate change (Slingo 1990, Dandin et al. 1997). It has been demonstrated empirically (Pontikis and Hicks 1992, Bower and Choularton 1992, Bower et al. 1994, Martin et al. 1994, Liu and Hallett 1997, Reid et al. 1998, Liu and Daum 2000a), as well theoretically (Liu and

262

PREDICTIVE MODELS. Enhanced Oil Recovery Model  

SciTech Connect

PREDICTIVE MODELS is a collection of five models - CFPM, CO2PM, ICPM, PFPM, and SFPM - used in the 1982-1984 National Petroleum Council study of enhanced oil recovery (EOR) potential. Each pertains to a specific EOR process designed to squeeze additional oil from aging or spent oil fields. The processes are: 1 chemical flooding, where soap-like surfactants are injected into the reservoir to wash out the oil; 2 carbon dioxide miscible flooding, where carbon dioxide mixes with the lighter hydrocarbons making the oil easier to displace; 3 in-situ combustion, which uses the heat from burning some of the underground oil to thin the product; 4 polymer flooding, where thick, cohesive material is pumped into a reservoir to push the oil through the underground rock; and 5 steamflood, where pressurized steam is injected underground to thin the oil. CFPM, the Chemical Flood Predictive Model, models micellar (surfactant)-polymer floods in reservoirs, which have been previously waterflooded to residual oil saturation. Thus, only true tertiary floods are considered. An option allows a rough estimate of oil recovery by caustic or caustic-polymer processes. CO2PM, the Carbon Dioxide miscible flooding Predictive Model, is applicable to both secondary (mobile oil) and tertiary (residual oil) floods, and to either continuous CO2 injection or water-alternating gas processes. ICPM, the In-situ Combustion Predictive Model, computes the recovery and profitability of an in-situ combustion project from generalized performance predictive algorithms. PFPM, the Polymer Flood Predictive Model, is switch-selectable for either polymer or waterflooding, and an option allows the calculation of the incremental oil recovery and economics of polymer relative to waterflooding. SFPM, the Steamflood Predictive Model, is applicable to the steam drive process, but not to cyclic steam injection (steam soak) processes.

Ray, R.M. [DOE Bartlesville Energy Technology Technology Center, Bartlesville, OK (United States)

1992-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

263

IR DIAL performance modeling  

SciTech Connect

We are developing a DIAL performance model for CALIOPE at LLNL. The intent of the model is to provide quick and interactive parameter sensitivity calculations with immediate graphical output. A brief overview of the features of the performance model is given, along with an example of performance calculations for a non-CALIOPE application.

Sharlemann, E.T.

1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Rock Properties Model  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this model report is to document the Rock Properties Model version 3.1 with regard to input data, model methods, assumptions, uncertainties and limitations of model results, and qualification status of the model. The report also documents the differences between the current and previous versions and validation of the model. The rock properties model provides mean matrix and lithophysae porosity, and the cross-correlated mean bulk density as direct input to the ''Saturated Zone Flow and Transport Model Abstraction'', MDL-NBS-HS-000021, REV 02 (BSC 2004 [DIRS 170042]). The constraints, caveats, and limitations associated with this model are discussed in Section 6.6 and 8.2. Model validation accomplished by corroboration with data not cited as direct input is discussed in Section 7. The revision of this model report was performed as part of activities being conducted under the ''Technical Work Plan for: The Integrated Site Model, Revision 05'' (BSC 2004 [DIRS 169635]). The purpose of this revision is to bring the report up to current procedural requirements and address the Regulatory Integration Team evaluation comments. The work plan describes the scope, objectives, tasks, methodology, and procedures for this process.

C. Lum

2004-09-16T23:59:59.000Z

265

The Model Coupling Toolkit  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The advent of coupled earth system models has raised an important question in parallel computing: What is the most effective method for coupling many parallel models to form one high-performance coupled modeling system? We present our solution to this ...

Jay Walter Larson; Robert L. Jacob; Ian T. Foster; Jing Guo

2001-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

PROGRESS TOWARDS NEXT GENERATION, WAVEFORM BASED THREE-DIMENSIONAL MODELS AND METRICS TO IMPROVE NUCLEAR EXPLOSION MONITORING IN THE MIDDLE EAST  

SciTech Connect

Efforts to update current wave speed models of the Middle East require a thoroughly tested database of sources and recordings. Recordings of seismic waves traversing the region from Tibet to the Red Sea will be the principal metric in guiding improvements to the current wave speed model. Precise characterizations of the earthquakes, specifically depths and faulting mechanisms, are essential to avoid mapping source errors into the refined wave speed model. Errors associated with the source are manifested in amplitude and phase changes. Source depths and paths near nodal planes are particularly error prone as small changes may severely affect the resulting wavefield. Once sources are quantified, regions requiring refinement will be highlighted using adjoint tomography methods based on spectral element simulations [Komatitsch and Tromp (1999)]. An initial database of 250 regional Middle Eastern events from 1990-2007, was inverted for depth and focal mechanism using teleseismic arrivals [Kikuchi and Kanamori (1982)] and regional surface and body waves [Zhao and Helmberger (1994)]. From this initial database, we reinterpreted a large, well recorded subset of 201 events through a direct comparison between data and synthetics based upon a centroid moment tensor inversion [Liu et al. (2004)]. Evaluation was done using both a 1D reference model [Dziewonski and Anderson (1981)] at periods greater than 80 seconds and a 3D model [Kustowski et al. (2008)] at periods of 25 seconds and longer. The final source reinterpretations will be within the 3D model, as this is the initial starting point for the adjoint tomography. Transitioning from a 1D to 3D wave speed model shows dramatic improvements when comparisons are done at shorter periods, (25 s). Synthetics from the 1D model were created through mode summations while those from the 3D simulations were created using the spectral element method. To further assess errors in source depth and focal mechanism, comparisons between the three methods were made. These comparisons help to identify problematic stations and sources which may bias the final solution. Estimates of standard errors were generated for each event's source depth and focal mechanism to identify poorly constrained events. A final, well characterized set of sources and stations will be then used to iteratively improve the wave speed model of the Middle East. After a few iterations during the adjoint inversion process, the sources will be reexamined and relocated to further reduce mapping of source errors into structural features. Finally, efforts continue in developing the infrastructure required to 'quickly' generate event kernels at the n-th iteration and invert for a new, (n+1)-th, wave speed model of the Middle East. While development of the infrastructure proceeds, initial tests using a limited number of events shows the 3D model, while showing vast improvement compared to the 1D model, still requires substantial modifications. Employing our new, full source set and iterating the adjoint inversions at successively shorter periods will lead to significant changes and refined wave speed structures of the Middle East.

Savage, B; Peter, D; Covellone, B; Rodgers, A; Tromp, J

2009-07-02T23:59:59.000Z

267

A WYSIWYG approach for configuring model layout using model transformations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Model transformation is a core technology in Domain-Specific Modeling (DSM). While a number of model transformation languages and tools have been developed to support model transformation activities, the layout of visual models in the transformation ... Keywords: demonstration, model layout, model transformation

Yu Sun; Jeff Gray; Philip Langer; Manuel Wimmer; Jules White

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Environmental model access and interoperability: The GEO Model Web initiative  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Group on Earth Observation (GEO) Model Web initiative utilizes a Model as a Service approach to increase model access and sharing. It relies on gradual, organic growth leading towards dynamic webs of interacting models, analogous to the World Wide ... Keywords: Composition as a Service (CaaS), Environmental Modelling, GEOSS, Interoperability, Model Web, Model as a Service (MaaS)

Stefano Nativi; Paolo Mazzetti; Gary N. Geller

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Argonne GREET Model  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Laboratory Transportation Technology R&D Center DOE Logo Laboratory Transportation Technology R&D Center DOE Logo About TTRDC Mission Experts Facilities Tools Publications Awards Media Center Site Index Search TTRDC ... Search Argonne Home > Transportation Technology R & D Center > Modeling_simulation > Alternative Fuels Autonomie Batteries Engines Green Racing ... ... GREET * Fuel-Cycle Model * Power Water Model * Copyright Statement * Mini-tool and Results * Vehicle-Cycle Model * Publications * AFLEET Tool * Fleet Footprint Calculator * Travel Carbon Calculator * Workshops * Contact ... ... Hybrid Electric Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Materials Modeling, Simulation & Software Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles PSAT Smart Grid Student Competitions Transportation Research and Analysis Computing Center

270

CRAC2 model description  

SciTech Connect

The CRAC2 computer code is a revised version of CRAC (Calculation of Reactor Accident Consequences) which was developed for the Reactor Safety Study. This document provides an overview of the CRAC2 code and a description of each of the models used. Significant improvements incorporated into CRAC2 include an improved weather sequence sampling technique, a new evacuation model, and new output capabilities. In addition, refinements have been made to the atmospheric transport and deposition model. Details of the modeling differences between CRAC2 and CRAC are emphasized in the model descriptions.

Ritchie, L.T.; Alpert, D.J.; Burke, R.P.; Johnson, J.D.; Ostmeyer, R.M.; Aldrich, D.C.; Blond, R.M.

1984-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

UZ Colloid Transport Model  

SciTech Connect

The UZ Colloid Transport model development plan states that the objective of this Analysis/Model Report (AMR) is to document the development of a model for simulating unsaturated colloid transport. This objective includes the following: (1) use of a process level model to evaluate the potential mechanisms for colloid transport at Yucca Mountain; (2) Provide ranges of parameters for significant colloid transport processes to Performance Assessment (PA) for the unsaturated zone (UZ); (3) Provide a basis for development of an abstracted model for use in PA calculations.

M. McGraw

2000-04-13T23:59:59.000Z

272

Calibrated Properties Model  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this model report is to document the calibrated properties model that provides calibrated property sets for unsaturated zone (UZ) flow and transport process models (UZ models). The calibration of the property sets is performed through inverse modeling. This work followed, and was planned in, ''Technical Work Plan (TWP) for: Unsaturated Zone Flow Analysis and Model Report Integration'' (BSC 2004 [DIRS 169654], Sections 1.2.6 and 2.1.1.6). Direct inputs to this model report were derived from the following upstream analysis and model reports: ''Analysis of Hydrologic Properties Data'' (BSC 2004 [DIRS 170038]); ''Development of Numerical Grids for UZ Flow and Transport Modeling'' (BSC 2004 [DIRS 169855]); ''Simulation of Net Infiltration for Present-Day and Potential Future Climates'' (BSC 2004 [DIRS 170007]); ''Geologic Framework Model'' (GFM2000) (BSC 2004 [DIRS 170029]). Additionally, this model report incorporates errata of the previous version and closure of the Key Technical Issue agreement TSPAI 3.26 (Section 6.2.2 and Appendix B), and it is revised for improved transparency.

T. Ghezzehej

2004-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

273

RHP: HOW CLIMATE MODELS GAIN AND EXERCISE How Climate Models Gain and Exercise Authority  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-dimensional models, intermediate complexity models, general circulation models, and Earth system models. 2 www

Hulme, Mike

274

Visualizing Gyrokinetic Simulations David Crawford Kwan-Liu Ma Min-Yu Huang  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. The interactive 3D visualization technique gives the scien- tists at the Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL communicate their findings to others. 2 GYROKINETIC SIMULATIONS Scientists at PPPL have been developing

Ma, Kwan-Liu

275

Photon Emission from a Cavity-Coupled Double Quantum Dot Y.-Y. Liu,1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

,1 J. M. Taylor,2 and J. R. Petta1, 3 1 Department of Physics, Princeton University, Princeton, New emission from the cavity at a rate of 10 MHz. With a small cavity drive field, we observe a gain of up for single Rydberg atoms passing through a superconducting mi- crowave cavity [2], and a single Ca atom

Petta, Jason

276

A SUBSPACE SIGNAL PROCESSING TECHNIQUE FOR CONCEALED WEAPONS Ahmed S. Ibrahim, K. J Ray Liu *  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A SUBSPACE SIGNAL PROCESSING TECHNIQUE FOR CONCEALED WEAPONS DETECTION Ahmed S. Ibrahim, K. J Ray, kjrliu}@umd.edu ABSTRACT Concealed weapons detection is one ofthe greatest challenges facing national security nowadays. Recently, it has been shown that each weapon can have a uniquefingerprint, which

Liu, K. J. Ray

277

Serial Replica Exchange Morten Hagen, Byungchan Kim, Pu Liu, Richard A. Friesner, and B. J. Berne*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

enables the study of biological systems on worldwide distributed computing environments, such as Folding@Home

Berne, Bruce J.

278

THE HYPERSPECTRAL ENVIRONMENTAL SUITE (HES) SIMULATION STUDY USING MM5 DATA Chian-Yi Liu*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

study. The truth atmospheric profile which is used to generate the simulated HES top of atmosphere pixel is 4km square, The cube data includes atmospheric profiles (air temperature, water vapor and ozone. A atmospheric temperature and moisture sounding profile retrieval algorithm has been developed for processing

Li, Jun

279

Multi-task Low-rank Affinity Pursuit for Image Segmentation , Guangcan Liu1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

affinity matrix. The inference process is formulated as a constrained nuclear norm and 2,1-norm on the MSRC dataset and Berkeley segmentation dataset well val- idate the superiority of using multiple

Ma, Yi

280

Graphene thickness-graded transistors with reduced electronic noise Guanxiong Liu,1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Electrical Engineering and Materials Science and Engineering Program, Bourns College of Engineering and Department of Electrical, Computer and Systems Engineering, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, New York-temperature (RT) electron mobility of gra- phene up to 22 000 cm2 /Vs,1 excellent charge carrier satura- tion

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "modeling changzheng liu" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
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to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Real-Time Audio Steganography Roy Blankman, Adam Hug, Zhihao Liu, and Paul Rigge  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

version of itself. The maximum value of the cross-correlation shows how big the shift is. Encoding Data of Electrical Engineering and Comuputer Science, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor Abstract Steganography synchronized, the user tells the encoder to begin sending data. The encoder sends three repetitions of the GO

Hero, Alfred O.

282

Transformation Cyclic Damage of Near-equiatomic Ni-Ti Yinong Liu1,a  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

distortion. Cycling through this transformation, induced thermally, mechanically or by the combination, shape memory alloys, pseudoelasticity, mechanical behaviour, pseudoelasticity, thermal cycling Abstract. This study investigates the effect of transformation cycling and heat treatment on the property stability

Zheng, Yufeng

283

Training Data Recycling for Multi-Level Learning Jingchen Liu1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Pennsylvania State University, 2 Honeywell ACS Labs jingchen@cse.psu.edu, scott.mccloskey@honeywell.com, yanxi

284

Chain Tsuan Liu, 1988 | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

Office of Science (SC) Website

For outstanding contributions to the establishment of scientific principles for the design of ordered inter-metallic alloys and for the successful application of those...

285

Supercharging Proteins Can Impart Unusual Resilience Michael S. Lawrence, Kevin J. Phillips, and David R. Liu*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

they bear a net charge of zero.5 More recently, small differences in net charge ((3 charge units) have been garnered from the study of natural proteins, where a relationship between solubility and net charge has aggregation, tend to have large net charges.9,10 We speculated that the relationship between net charge

Liu, David R.

286

Perturbation Analysis for Stochastic Fluid Queueing Systems Yong Liu and Weibo Gong  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

analysis (IPA) for the classical queueing systems. Although the traditional IPA algorithm does not give at the common buffer with respect to the parameters of each source. Our main result is that the IPA estimates information. We make some remarks about our result. · IPA for classical queueing systems was introduced

Liu, Yong

287

AQUA: an aquatic walking robot Christina Georgiades*, Andrew German**, Andrew Hogue**, Hui Liu  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

from sufficiently deep water for the vehicle to be able to maneuver. Surveying/inspection in shallow developed under the name AQUA, the goals of the AQUA project, the overall hardware and software design vision and INS, to allow it to navigate and map clear shallow-water environments. The sensor

Milios, Evangelos E.

288

Class-Specific Ensembles for Active Learning in Digital Imagery Amit Mandvikar and Huan Liu  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, Egeria) under varying picture-taking conditions (e.g., deep water, sun glint). The main objective classifica- tion becomes impractical when images are complex with many different objects (e.g., water, land of the project is to relieve experts from going through all the images and pointing out locations where Egeria

Liu, Huan

289

Starch composites reinforced by bamboo cellulosic crystals Dagang Liu a,c  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Agricultural Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70803, USA a r t i c l e i n f o Article history: Received 9 March 2009, competitiveness in price, and applicability to various industries (Yang et al., 2007; Lenz, 1993; Pandey et al energy or by incorporation of a plasticizing agent (e.g., water, amide, and/or polyols), starch can

290

Microsoft PowerPoint - Liu_2014_CNMS_StaffScienceHighlight_Science...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

atomic sheet consisting of two dissimilar materials with an atomically abrupt heterojunction and lattice coherence that does not depend on the lattice of the underlying...

291

Integrated Nanogenerators in Biofluid Xudong Wang, Jin Liu, Jinhui Song, and Zhong Lin Wang*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

by indirect driving using ultrasonic waves through a metal frame suspended in air,9 it is essential to develop is to use a battery, but the main challenge is to manufacture long lifetime, small size, and possibly light weight batteries. For biomedical applications, one has to consider the toxicity of the materials

Wang, Zhong L.

292

Novel Mechatronics Design for a Robotic Fish* Jindong Liu, Ian Dukes, Huosheng Hu  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

systems, namely Robotic Fish. Instead of the conventional rotary propeller used in ship or underwater than the propeller-based propulsion. Therefore, the robotic fish could be used in many marine and military fields such as exploring fish behaviours, detecting the leakage in oil pipelines, sea bed

Hu, Huosheng

293

Putting ABox Updates into Action Conrad Drescher, Hongkai Liu, Franz Baader, Steffen Guhlemann, Uwe  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Technology N¨othnitzer Str. 46, 01187 Dresden, Germany Abstract. When trying to apply recently developed encounters two problems. First, updates generate so-called Boolean ABoxes, which cannot be handled which action to apply. The calculi underlying Golog and Flux (situation calculus and fluent calculus

Thielscher, Michael

294

Nanocrystalline Structure and Thermoelectric Properties of Electrospun NaCo2O4 Yuanming Liu,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for thermoelectric energy harvesting is also discussed. 1. Introduction Meeting the ever-increasing global energy technological challenges today. Currently, about 34% of world primary energy needs are supplied by petroleum, and a large portion of petroleum energy are consumed for transportation.1 For a vehicle powered by a typical

Cao, Guozhong

295

TT Liu, BE280A, UCSD Fall 2005 Bioengineering 280A  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2002 Tungsten filament heated to about 2200 C leading to thermionic emission of electrons. Usually, crystals that have absorbed enough energy are converted to metallic silver and look dark on the screen

Liu, Thomas T.

296

TT Liu, BE280A, UCSD Fall 2006 Bioengineering 280A  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2006 X-Ray Tube Suetens 2002 Tungsten filament heated to about 2200 C leading to thermionic emission that have absorbed enough energy are converted to metallic silver and look dark on the screen. Thus, parts

Liu, Thomas T.

297

TT Liu, BE280A, UCSD Fall 2013 Bioengineering 280A  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to about 2200 C leading to thermionic emission of electrons. Usually tungsten is used for anode enough energy are converted to metallic silver and look dark on the screen. Thus, parts in the object

Liu, Thomas T.

298

TT Liu, BE280A, UCSD Fall 2008 Bioengineering 280A  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

leading to thermionic emission of electrons. Usually tungsten is used for anode Molybdenum for mammography crystals absorb optical energy. After development, crystals that have absorbed enough energy are converted

Liu, Thomas T.

299

TT Liu, BE280A, UCSD Fall 2010 Bioengineering 280A  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2200 C leading to thermionic emission of electrons. Usually tungsten is used for anode Molybdenum, crystals that have absorbed enough energy are converted to metallic silver and look dark on the screen

Liu, Thomas T.

300

TT Liu, BE280A, UCSD Fall 2007 Bioengineering 280A  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2007 X-Ray Tube Suetens 2002 Tungsten filament heated to about 2200 C leading to thermionic emission absorbed enough energy are converted to metallic silver and look dark on the screen. Thus, parts

Liu, Thomas T.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "modeling changzheng liu" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

TT Liu, BE280A, UCSD Fall 2004 Bioengineering 280A  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2002 Tungsten filament heated to about 2200 C leading to thermionic emission of electrons. Usually, crystals that have absorbed enough energy are converted to metallic silver and look dark on the screen

Liu, Thomas T.

302

TT Liu, BE280A, UCSD Fall 2004 Bioengineering 280A  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2002 Tungsten filament heated to about 2200 C leading to thermionic emission of electrons. Usually absorb optical energy. After development, crystals that have absorbed enough energy are converted

Liu, Thomas T.

303

TT Liu, BE280A, UCSD Fall 2005 Bioengineering 280A  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2002 Tungsten filament heated to about 2200 C leading to thermionic emission of electrons. Usually absorb optical energy. After development, crystals that have absorbed enough energy are converted

Liu, Thomas T.

304

TT Liu, BE280A, UCSD Fall 2009 Bioengineering 280A  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2200 C leading to thermionic emission of electrons. Usually tungsten is used for anode Molybdenum, crystals that have absorbed enough energy are converted to metallic silver and look dark on the screen

Liu, Thomas T.

305

Biometric Authentication via Keystroke Sound Joseph Roth Xiaoming Liu Arun Ross  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

texts and thus poses significant privacy risk in the case of surreptitious usage [14, 2]. To address

Ross, Arun Abraham

306

Biometric Authentication via Keystroke Sound Joseph Roth Xiaoming Liu Arun Ross  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and thus poses significant privacy risk in the case of surreptitious usage [13, 2]. In this paper, we

307

Supporting Information for Liu, Reeves, and Stoltz SI 1 Supporting Information for  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-H, or OB-H) columns (4.6 mm x 25 cm) obtained from Daicel Chemical Industries, Ltd. Analytical SFC-layer chromatography (TLC) or Agilent 1290 UHPLC-MS. TLC was performed using E. Merck silica gel 60 F254 precoated. Silicycle SiliaFlash® P60 Academic Silica gel (particle size 40­63 nm) was used for flash chromatography. 1

Stoltz, Brian M.

308

Supporting Information for Liu, Reeves, Virgil, and Stoltz SI 1 Supporting Information for  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

) or Chiralcel (OD-H, OJ-H, or OB-H) columns (4.6 mm x 25 cm) obtained from Daicel Chemical Industries, Ltd Chemical Industries, Ltd. High resolution mass spectra (HRMS) were obtained from Agilen UHPLC-LCMS. TLC was performed using E. Merck silica gel 60 F254 precoated glass plates (0.25 mm

Stoltz, Brian M.

309

Baumgartner, Ma, Liu and Stoltz Supporting Information Efforts toward Rapid Construction of the Cortistatin A  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

L/min flow rate) obtained from Daicel Chemical Industries, Ltd. 1 H NMR spectra were recorded on a Varian columns). All other commercially obtained reagents were used as received. Reaction temperatures were silica gel 60 F254 pre coated plates (0.25 mm) and visualized by UV fluorescence quenching, p

Stoltz, Brian M.

310

Theory of magnetic dissipation imaging Y. Liu, B. Ellman, and P. Gruttera)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Dissipation measured by this technique is equivalent to a measurement of the spatially resolved energy loss of the domain wall width. When neglecting the demagnetization energy, the domain wall energy per unit area width result in magnetoelastic emission of phonons. These phonons carry energy from the tip, leading

Grütter, Peter

311

IMPORTANT CONSIDERATIONS FOR LUNAR SOIL SIMULANTS Lawrence A. Taylor and Yang Liu  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

experts repeatedly advised that "one size does not fit all", meaning that each lunar soil simulant should to lunar soils; JSC-1A made with nanophase Fe has an order of magnitude more nanophase magnetite than

Perfect, Ed

312

Criteria for Generating Specificationbased Tests \\Lambda A. Jefferson Offutt and Yiwei Xiong Shaoying Liu  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

new coverage criteria. Formal coverage crite­ ria offer testers ways to decide what test inputs to use for developing test in­ puts from state­based specifications, and formal crite­ ria for test case selectionCriteria for Generating Specification­based Tests \\Lambda A. Jefferson Offutt and Yiwei Xiong

Offutt, Jeff

313

Liu and Spitler. Submitted to the 12th International Road Weather Conference 1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

future weather conditions, especially when geothermal energy is used as the heat source sources can be used for such systems, including boilers, electrical heater, ground water, and ground hydronic bridge snow melting systems using ground source heat pumps (GSHP) or other heat sources has been

314

Observation of Critical Scaling in Sequential Crack Formation Sheng Liu,1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Jersey 07102 2Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey 08544 3Department of Electrical Engineering, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey 08544- frequency-excited, plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposi- tion [12], at 150¦ C substrate temperature. We use

315

Fluid flow and solute transport modeling with lattice Boltzmann models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fluid flow and solute transport modeling with lattice Boltzmann models Ph.D. Proposal: Shadab Anwar with solute transport and fluid flow modeling in porous media using lattice Boltzmann model (LBM). LBM

Sukop, Mike

316

Jenseits des Standard Modells  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

The Standard Model The Standard Model Unngelöste Rätsel Jenseits des Standard Modells Das Standard Modell gibt auf viele Fragen, über Struktur und Stabilität der Materie eine Antwort. Dazu braucht es nur die sechs Sorten von Quarks und Leptonen und die vier fundamentalen Kräfte. Aber das Standard Modell ist nicht vollständig; es gibt noch viele unbeantwortete Fragen. Eigentlich sollten wir aus Gründen der Symmetrie im Weltraum gleichviel Materie wie Antimaterie beobachten. Wir finden aber praktisch nur normale Materie! Warum? Woraus besteht die "Dunkle Materie", die wir nicht sehen können, die aber im Universum sichtbare Gravitationswirkungen zeigt? Warum kann das Standard Modell die Massen der Teilchen nicht vorhersagen? Sind Quarks and Leptonen wirklich fundamentae Teilchen, oder sind sie aus noch elementareren Partikeln aufgebaut?

317

The model coupling toolkit.  

SciTech Connect

The advent of coupled earth system models has raised an important question in parallel computing: What is the most effective method for coupling many parallel models to form a high-performance coupled modeling system? We present our solution to this problem--The Model Coupling Toolkit (MCT). We explain how our effort to construct the Next-Generation Coupler for NCAR Community Climate System Model motivated us to create this toolkit. We describe in detail the conceptual design of the MCT and explain its usage in constructing parallel coupled models. We present preliminary performance results for the toolkit's parallel data transfer facilities. Finally, we outline an agenda for future development of the MCT.

Larson, J. W.; Jacob, R. L.; Foster, I.; Guo, J.

2001-04-13T23:59:59.000Z

318

HOMER Micropower Optimization Model  

SciTech Connect

NREL has developed the HOMER micropower optimization model. The model can analyze all of the available small power technologies individually and in hybrid configurations to identify least-cost solutions to energy requirements. This capability is valuable to a diverse set of energy professionals and applications. NREL has actively supported its growing user base and developed training programs around the model. These activities are helping to grow the global market for solar technologies.

Lilienthal, P.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

A pipeline scheduling model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A PIPELINE SCHEDULING MODEL A Thesis by THOMAS MELVIN BEATTY Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas AAM University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER QF SCIENCE August 1975 Major Subject: Computing... Science R PIPELINE SCHEDULING MODEL A Thesis by THOMAS MELVIN BEATTY Approved as to style and content by: Chairman of ommittee Member (Head o f Department ) Member August 1975 ABSTRACT A PIPELINE SCHEDULING MODEL (August 1975) Thomas Melvin...

Beatty, Thomas Melvin

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

320

Autotune Building Energy Models  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Autotune Building Energy Models Autotune Building Energy Models Joshua New Oak Ridge National Laboratory newjr@ornl.gov, 865-241-8783 April 2, 2013 2 | Building Technologies Office eere.energy.gov Purpose & Objectives Problem Statement: * "All (building energy) models are wrong, but some are useful" - 22%-97% different from utility data for 3,349 buildings * More accurate models are more useful - Error from inputs and algorithms for practical reasons - Useful for cost-effective energy efficiency (EE) at speed and scale

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "modeling changzheng liu" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Generalized weapon effectiveness modeling .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??In this thesis, we compare weapon effectiveness methods to determine if current effectiveness models provide accurate results. The United States Military currently adheres to a (more)

Anderson, Colin M.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

Photovoltaics Business Models  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes work to better understand the structure of future photovoltaics business models and the research, development, and demonstration required to support their deployment.

Frantzis, L.; Graham, S.; Katofsky, R.; Sawyer, H.

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

5. Lattice Boltzmann Models  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

5.1 From lattice-gas cellular automata to lattice Boltzmann models 5.1.1 Lattice Boltzmann equation and Boltzmann equation ...

Dieter A. Wolf-Gladrow

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Advanced Target Effects Modeling  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

modeling of NDCX-II experiments include certain lower temper- ature effects, e.g., surface tension and target fragmentation, that are not generally present in extreme...

325

Modelling household electricity consumption.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??A number of conclusions are drawn, however given the limited and non-representative na- ture of the data on which the model is calibrated, these can (more)

de la Rue, Philip Martin

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Models and phenomenology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It is evident that models of the knee should match the observational phenomenology. In this talk I discuss a few aspects of phenomenology, which are important not only for the understanding of the knee origin, but also for the general problem of the origin of cosmic rays. Among them are the shape of the energy spectrum, its irregularity, the sharpness of the knee and its fine structure. The classification of models is given and some examples of the most recent models are discussed. The most probable conclusion deduced from this examination is that the knee has an astrophysical origin and the so called 'source' models of the knee are most likely among them.

A. D. Erlykin

2004-11-09T23:59:59.000Z

327

Model Cell Membranes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... are being used as model systems to test particular hypotheses in membrane transport. Thus, Tosteson and his colleagues (Andreoli et al., J. Gen. PhysioL, 50, 1729; ...

A Correspondent

1968-01-13T23:59:59.000Z

328

Modeling the indoor environment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Modeling the indoor environment ... Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research2007 46 (23), 7489-7496 ... Environmental Science & Technology2007 41 (6), 2028-2035 ...

Barbara S. Austin; Stanley M. Greenfield; Bruce R. Weir; Gerald E. Anderson; Joseph V. Behar

1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

Model selection in compositional spaces  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We often build complex probabilistic models by composing simpler models-using one model to generate parameters or latent variables for another model. This allows us to express complex distributions over the observed data ...

Grosse, Roger Baker

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

What Are Climate Models Missing?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...models miss most. From GCMs to Earth System Models Smagorinsky's GCM was designed...important chemical nutrients, Earth System Models (4, 5). Wide variation...as they are in comprehensive Earth System Models (10). Differences among...

Bjorn Stevens; Sandrine Bony

2013-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

331

Better Buildings Neighborhood Program Business Models Guide:...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Guide: HVAC Contractor Business Model Better Buildings Neighborhood Program Business Models Guide: HVAC Contractor Business Model HVAC contractor business model...

332

Models of Dynamical Supersymmetry Breaking  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We review a class of models of dynamical supersymmetry breaking, and give a unified description of these models.

Lisa Randall

1997-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

333

Biosphere Process Model Report  

SciTech Connect

To evaluate the postclosure performance of a potential monitored geologic repository at Yucca Mountain, a Total System Performance Assessment (TSPA) will be conducted. Nine Process Model Reports (PMRs), including this document, are being developed to summarize the technical basis for each of the process models supporting the TSPA model. These reports cover the following areas: (1) Integrated Site Model; (2) Unsaturated Zone Flow and Transport; (3) Near Field Environment; (4) Engineered Barrier System Degradation, Flow, and Transport; (5) Waste Package Degradation; (6) Waste Form Degradation; (7) Saturated Zone Flow and Transport; (8) Biosphere; and (9) Disruptive Events. Analysis/Model Reports (AMRs) contain the more detailed technical information used to support TSPA and the PMRs. The AMRs consists of data, analyses, models, software, and supporting documentation that will be used to defend the applicability of each process model for evaluating the postclosure performance of the potential Yucca Mountain repository system. This documentation will ensure the traceability of information from its source through its ultimate use in the TSPA-Site Recommendation (SR) and in the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) analysis processes. The objective of the Biosphere PMR is to summarize (1) the development of the biosphere model, and (2) the Biosphere Dose Conversion Factors (BDCFs) developed for use in TSPA. The Biosphere PMR does not present or summarize estimates of potential radiation doses to human receptors. Dose calculations are performed as part of TSPA and will be presented in the TSPA documentation. The biosphere model is a component of the process to evaluate postclosure repository performance and regulatory compliance for a potential monitored geologic repository at Yucca Mountain, Nevada. The biosphere model describes those exposure pathways in the biosphere by which radionuclides released from a potential repository could reach a human receptor. Collectively, the potential human receptor and exposure pathways form the biosphere model. More detailed technical information and data about potential human receptor groups and the characteristics of exposure pathways have been developed in a series of AMRs and Calculation Reports.

J. Schmitt

2000-05-25T23:59:59.000Z

334

Model-driven constraint programming  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Constraint programming can definitely be seen as a model-driven paradigm. The users write programs for modeling problems. These programs are mapped to executable models to calculate the solutions. This paper focuses on efficient model management (definition ... Keywords: constraint modeling languages, constraint programming, metamodeling, model transformation

Raphal Chenouard; Laurent Granvilliers; Ricardo Soto

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Solvable Compressible Ising Model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The results for the solvable Baker-Essam model of a compressible Ising lattice are rederived by utilizing the equivalence of the system to a set of linear chains each described by the Mattis-Schultz one-dimensional magnetostriction model.

Marshall Luban

1973-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

SUSY Model Building  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

I review some of the latest directions in supersymmetric model building, focusing on SUSY breaking mechanisms in the minimal supersymmetric standard model [MSSM], the "little" hierarchy and $\\mu$ problems, etc. I then discuss SUSY GUTs and UV completions in string theory.

Stuart Raby

2007-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

337

String Model Building  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this talk I review some recent progress in heterotic and F theory model building. I then consider work in progress attempting to find the F theory dual to a class of heterotic orbifold models which come quite close to the MSSM.

Stuart Raby

2009-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

338

Cognitive Systems Cognitive Modeling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Cognitive Systems Cognitive Modeling Foundations of Information Processing in Natural Barkowsky, Christian Freksa 2 Cognitive Systems: Topics · Introduction · Perception · Memory and Reasoning · Learning and Action · Communication · Empirical Methods 3 Cognitive Modeling: Topics · Cognitive

Bremen, Universität

339

Composite Load Model Evaluation  

SciTech Connect

The WECC load modeling task force has dedicated its effort in the past few years to develop a composite load model that can represent behaviors of different end-user components. The modeling structure of the composite load model is recommended by the WECC load modeling task force. GE Energy has implemented this composite load model with a new function CMPLDW in its power system simulation software package, PSLF. For the last several years, Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) has taken the lead and collaborated with GE Energy to develop the new composite load model. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) and BPA joint force and conducted the evaluation of the CMPLDW and test its parameter settings to make sure that: the model initializes properly, all the parameter settings are functioning, and the simulation results are as expected. The PNNL effort focused on testing the CMPLDW in a 4-bus system. An exhaustive testing on each parameter setting has been performed to guarantee each setting works. This report is a summary of the PNNL testing results and conclusions.

Lu, Ning; Qiao, Hong (Amy)

2007-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

340

Rule modeling and markup  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper we address several issues of rule modeling on the basis of UML. We discuss the relationship between UML class models and OWL vocabularies. We show how certain rules can be specified in a class diagram with the help of OCL. We also show ...

Gerd Wagner

2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "modeling changzheng liu" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Stochastic patch exploitation model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...February 1998 research-article Stochastic patch exploitation model H. Rita 1 E. Ranta...Sweden A solitary animal is foraging in a patch consisting of discrete prey items. We...gain as a function of elapsed time in the patch. The model is based on the waiting times...

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Disciplined heterogeneous modeling  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Complex systems demand diversity in the modeling mechanisms. One way to deal with a diversity of requirements is to create flexible modeling frameworks that can be adapted to cover the field of interest. The downside of this approach is a weakening of ...

Edward A. Lee

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Novel H7N9 Influenza Virus Shows Low Infectious Dose, High Growth Rate, and Efficient Contact Transmission in the Guinea Pig Model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Chai, S Wang, Y Gao, L Jin, Y Zhang, H Luo, H Yu...60943-5 . 6. Han, J , M Jin, P Zhang, J Liu, L Wang...Q Fang, YZ Shen, XM Xi, Q Gu, XM Zhou, HP Qu...Wu, J Li, Q Xia, ZC Jin, Q Chen, C Tang, ZY...Eisfeld, G Zhong, S Fan, J Ping, EA Maher, A Hanson...

Jon D. Gabbard; Daniel Dlugolenski; Debby Van Riel; Nicolle Marshall; Summer E. Galloway; Elizabeth W. Howerth; Patricia J. Campbell; Cheryl Jones; Scott Johnson; Lauren Byrd-Leotis; David A. Steinhauer; Thijs Kuiken; S. Mark Tompkins; Ralph Tripp; Anice C. Lowen; John Steel

2013-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

344

model | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

model model Dataset Summary Description NREL's Research and Support Facility (RSF) energy model for 2011. Source NREL Date Released February 07th, 2013 (10 months ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords 2011 energy model NREL RSF Data text/csv icon rsf_energy_model_2011.csv (csv, 772 KiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Time Period License License Open Data Commons Attribution License Comment Rate this dataset Usefulness of the metadata Average vote Your vote Usefulness of the dataset Average vote Your vote Ease of access Average vote Your vote Overall rating Average vote Your vote Comments Login or register to post comments If you rate this dataset, your published comment will include your rating. Dataset Summary Description

345

Thermodynamic Modeling Studies  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Modeling Studies Modeling Studies J. Lindner, L. T. Smith, J. C. Luthe, L. Pearson. R. K. Toghiani, Y. Xia, and P. Naik Institute for Clean Energy Technology Mississippi State University May 20,2009 Initial Tank Composition Remove liquid to reflect undrained saltcake Stage 1 Dissolution Remove transfer stream 1 liquids transfer stream 0 liquids recycle solids liquids transfer stream 1 liquids recycle solids Next Stage of Dissolution DWPF recycle Thermodynamic Modeling Studies 2 Overview of Presentation * Database Activities and Needs * C farm retrievals and neural network development * Thermodynamic data and computational methods for liquid waste flowsheet modeling (SRS) * Aluminum solubility studies Thermodynamic Modeling Studies 3 Database Activities and Needs * Earlier a mid-term study addressed the solubility of a number of systems if

346

Analytical Modeling | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Analytical Modeling Analytical Modeling Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Technique: Analytical Modeling Details Activities (1) Areas (1) Regions (0) NEPA(0) Exploration Technique Information Exploration Group: Data and Modeling Techniques Exploration Sub Group: Modeling Techniques Parent Exploration Technique: Modeling Techniques Information Provided by Technique Lithology: Stratigraphic/Structural: Hydrological: Thermal: Dictionary.png Analytical Modeling: A mathematical modeling technique used for simulating, explaining, and making predictions about the mechanisms involved in complex physical processes. Other definitions:Wikipedia Reegle Introduction Analytical models are mathematical models that have a closed form solution. Or in other words the solution to the equations used to describe changes in

347

Macroscopically frustrated Ising model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A disordered spin-glass model in which both static and dynamical properties depend on macroscopic magnetizations is presented. These magnetizations interact via random couplings and, therefore, the typical quenched realization of the system exhibits a macroscopic frustration. The model is solved by using a revisited replica approach, and the broken symmetry solution turns out to coincide with the symmetric solution. Some dynamical aspects of the model are also discussed, showing how it could be a useful tool for describing some properties of real systems such as, for example, natural ecosystems or human social systems.

M. Pasquini and M. Serva

2001-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

348

Modeling dihadron fragmentation functions  

SciTech Connect

We present a model for dihadron fragmentation functions, describing the fragmentation of a quark into two unpolarized hadrons. We tune the parameters of our model to the output of the PYTHIA event generator for two-hadron semi-inclusive production in deep-inelastic scattering at HERMES. Once the parameters of the model are fixed, we make predictions for other unknown fragmentation functions and for a single-spin asymmetry in the azimuthal distribution of {pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -} pairs in semi-inclusive deep-inelastic scattering on a transversely polarized target at HERMES and COMPASS. Such asymmetry could be used to measure the quark transversity distribution function.

Bacchetta, Alessandro; Radici, Marco [Theory Group, Deutsches Elektronen-Synchroton DESY, D-22603 Hamburg (Germany); Dipartimento di Fisica Nucleare e Teorica, Universita di Pavia, and Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Sezione di Pavia, I-27100 Pavia (Italy)

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

Designing Cyclic Universe Models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recent advances in understanding the propagation of perturbations through the transition from big crunch to big bang (esp. Tolley et al. hep-th/0306109) make it possible for the first time to consider the full set of phenomenological constraints on the scalar field potential in cyclic models of the universe. We show that cyclic models require a comparable degree of tuning to that needed for inflationary models. The constraints are reduced to a set of simple design rules including "fast-roll" parameters analogous to the "slow-roll" parameters in inflation.

Justin Khoury; Paul J. Steinhardt; Neil Turok

2003-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

350

MODELING COUNT DATA FROM MULTIPLE SENSORS: A BUILDING OCCUPANCY MODEL  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MODELING COUNT DATA FROM MULTIPLE SENSORS: A BUILDING OCCUPANCY MODEL Jon Hutchins, Alexander Ihler a probabilistic model for predict- ing the occupancy of a building using networks of people-counting sensors-sensor probabilistic model for building occupancy. Inference for the oc- cupancy model follows in Section 4

Smyth, Padhraic

351

MODELING COUNT DATA FROM MULTIPLE SENSORS: A BUILDING OCCUPANCY MODEL  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MODELING COUNT DATA FROM MULTIPLE SENSORS: A BUILDING OCCUPANCY MODEL Jon Hutchins, Alexander Ihler a probabilistic model for predict­ ing the occupancy of a building using networks of people­counting sensors­sensor probabilistic model for building occupancy. Inference for the oc­ cupancy model follows in Section 4

Ihler, Alexander

352

High School Students' Modeling Knowledge High School Students' Modeling Knowledge  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

High School Students' Modeling Knowledge High School Students' Modeling Knowledge David Fortus of the authors. #12;High School Students' Modeling Knowledge Abstract Modeling is a core scientific practice. This study probed the modeling knowledge of high school students who had not any explicit exposure

353

Verification and Design Exploration through Meta Tool Integration with OpenModelica  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

@isis.vanderbilt.edu, {adrian.pop, peter.fritzson}@liu.se, dekleer@parc.com Abstract Modelica models are typically used, performing simulations within test benches, analyzing Modelica models and automatically adding fault modes has four main uses of OpenModelica: importing Modelica models into the META tool model structure

Koutsoukos, Xenofon D.

354

Single-Column Modeling  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

C.J. Somerville and S. F. lacobellis C.J. Somerville and S. F. lacobellis Climate Research Division Scripps Institution of Oceanography University of California, San Diego La Jolla, CA 92093-0224 Our project is centered around a computationally efficient and economical one-dimensional (vertical) model, resembling a single column of a general circulation model (GCM) grid, applied to the experimental site of the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program. The model contains a full set of modern GCM parameterizations of subgrid physical processes. To force the model, the advective terms in the budget equations are specified observationally from operational numerical weather prediction analyses. These analyses, based on four-dimensional data assimilation techniques, provide dynamically consistent wind fields and horizontal gradients

355

Lunar Viscosity Models  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

31 March 1977 research-article Lunar Viscosity Models R. Meissner Viscosity values as estimated from isostatic processes and...depth seem to be connected with a limited range of viscosity values. A tentative relation between viscosity...

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Scale Models & Wind Turbines  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Scale Models and Wind Turbines Grades: 5-8, 9-12 Topics: Wind Energy Owner: Kidwind Project This educational material is brought to you by the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of...

357

Wire and column modeling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

guaranteeing that the pipes are connected and the resulting shape can be physically constructed. Our methods require an initial input mesh that can either be imported from a commercially available software package, or created directly in this modeling system...

Mandal, Esan

2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

358

Sandia National Laboratories: Modeling  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

to address the most challenging and demanding climate-change issues. Accelerated Climate Modeling for Energy (ACME) is designed to accel-erate the development and applica-tion of...

359

Driven Harper model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We analyze the driven Harper model, which appears in the problem of tight-binding electrons in the Hall configuration (normal to the lattice plane magnetic field plus in-plane electric field). The presence of an electric field extends the celebrated Harper model, which is parametrized by the Peierls phase, into the driven Harper model, which is additionally parametrized by two Bloch frequencies, associated with the two components of the electric field. We show that the eigenstates of the driven Harper model are either extended or localized, depending on the commensurability of the Bloch frequencies. This results holds for both rational and irrational values of the Peierls phase. In the case of incommensurate Bloch frequencies we provide an estimate for the wave-function localization length.

Andrey R. Kolovsky and Giorgio Mantica

2012-08-28T23:59:59.000Z

360

Convex modeling with priors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

As the study of complex interconnected networks becomes widespread across disciplines, modeling the large-scale behavior of these systems becomes both increasingly important and increasingly difficult. In particular, it ...

Recht, Benjamin Harris, 1978-

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "modeling changzheng liu" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Modeling & Simulation publications  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Modeling & Simulation » Modeling & Simulation » Modeling & Simulation Publications Modeling & Simulation publications Research into alternative forms of energy, especially energy security, is one of the major national security imperatives of this century. Get Expertise David Harradine Physical Chemistry and Applied Spectroscopy Email Josh Smith Chemistry Email The inherent knowledge of transformation has beguiled sorcerers and scientists alike. D.A. Horner, F. Lambert, J.D. Kress, and L.A. Collins, "Transport properties of lithium hydride from quantum molecular dynamics and orbital-free molecular dynamics," Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics 80(2) (2009). J.D. Kress, D.A. Horner, and L.A. Collins, "Mixing rules for optical and transport properties of warm, dense matter," AIP Conference Proceedings 1195, 931-934 (2009).

362

MODEL CONSERVATION STANDARD INTRODUCTION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

RESIDENTIAL AND COMMERCIAL BUILDINGS The region should acquire all electric energy conservation measure designed model conservation standards to produce all electricity savings that are cost, architectural styles, and so forth) found in typical buildings constructed before the first standards were

363

Refining climate models  

SciTech Connect

Using dogwood trees, Oak Ridge National Laboratory researchers are gaining a better understanding of the role photosynthesis and respiration play in the atmospheric carbon dioxide cycle. Their findings will aid computer modelers in improving the accuracy of climate simulations.

Warren, Jeff; Iversen, Colleen; Brooks, Jonathan; Ricciuto, Daniel

2012-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

364

Refining climate models  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Using dogwood trees, Oak Ridge National Laboratory researchers are gaining a better understanding of the role photosynthesis and respiration play in the atmospheric carbon dioxide cycle. Their findings will aid computer modelers in improving the accuracy of climate simulations.

Warren, Jeff; Iversen, Colleen; Brooks, Jonathan; Ricciuto, Daniel

2014-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

365

Ising Model from Intertwiners  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Spin networks appear in a number of areas, for instance in lattice gauge theories and in quantum gravity. They describe the contraction of intertwiners according to the underlying network. We show that a certain generating function of intertwiner contractions leads to the partition function of the 2d Ising model. This implies that the intertwiner model possesses a second order phase transition, thus leading to a continuum limit with propagating degrees of freedom.

Dittrich, Bianca

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

SUSY GUT Model Building  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

I discuss an evolution of SUSY GUT model building, starting with the construction of 4d GUTs, to orbifold GUTs and finally to orbifold GUTs within the heterotic string. This evolution is an attempt to obtain realistic string models, perhaps relevant for the LHC. This review is in memory of the sudden loss of Julius Wess, a leader in the field, who will be sorely missed.

Stuart Raby

2008-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

367

Modeling urban runoff characteristics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Suhhasrn (Gout) Main Channel Element in Kinematic Wave Calculations FIG. 2. -Elements Used in is the area contributing to the channel. If the area contributing to the channel is less then the total subbasin area, the model assumes that the channel... Suhhasrn (Gout) Main Channel Element in Kinematic Wave Calculations FIG. 2. -Elements Used in is the area contributing to the channel. If the area contributing to the channel is less then the total subbasin area, the model assumes that the channel...

Garcia, Alfred

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

368

ADVANCED CHEMISTRY BASINS MODEL  

SciTech Connect

The advanced Chemistry Basin Model project has been operative for 48 months. During this period, about half the project tasks are on projected schedule. On average the project is somewhat behind schedule (90%). Unanticipated issues are causing model integration to take longer then scheduled, delaying final debugging and manual development. It is anticipated that a short extension will be required to fulfill all contract obligations.

William Goddard III; Lawrence Cathles III; Mario Blanco; Paul Manhardt; Peter Meulbroek; Yongchun Tang

2004-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Improved steamflood analytical model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

two field cases, a 45x23x8 model was used that represented 1/8 of a 10-acre 5-spot pattern unit, using typical rock and reservoir fluid properties. In the SPE project case, three models were used: 23x12x12 (2.5 ac), 31x16x12 (5 ac) and 45x23x8 (10 ac...

Chandra, Suandy

2006-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

370

Systems Modeling | ornl.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Computational Physics Communication Networks and Technologies Modeling and Simulation Innovative Signal Processing Algorithms Advanced Control Systems Econometrics Engineering Analysis Behavioral Sciences Geographic Information Science and Technology Quantum Information Science Supercomputing and Computation Home | Science & Discovery | Supercomputing and Computation | Research Areas | Systems Modeling SHARE Systems Modeling System modeling is the interdisciplinary study of the use of models to conceptualize and construct systems. A common type of systems modeling is function modeling, with specific techniques such as the functional flow block diagram. These models can be extended using functional decomposition, and can be linked to requirements models for further systems

371

Das Standard Modell  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Model Model Was ist fundamental? Das Standard Modell Physiker haben eine Theorie - Das Standard Modell - entwickelt, welche erklärt, woraus die Welt besteht und was sie zusammenhält. Es ist eine einfache und überzeugende Theorie, welche hunderte von Teilchen und ihre gegenseitigen Wechselwirkungen erklärt. Dazu braucht sie nur wenige elementare Teilchen : 6 Quarks. 6 Leptonen. Das bekannteste Lepton ist das Elektron. Wir reden gleich von Leptonen. Kraft-Träger Teilchen, wie z.B. das Photon. Wir werden später über diese Teilchen reden. Alle bekannten materiellenTeilchen sind aus Quarks und Leptonen zusammengesetzt und sie wechselwirken untereinander durch den Austausch von Kraft-Träger Teilchen. Das Standard Modell ist eine gute Theorie. Eine grosse Zahl von Experimenten haben ihre Voraussagen mit unglaublicher Präzision bestätigt und alle Teilchen, welche die Theorie bis heute vorausgesagt hat, wurden auch gefunden. Aber die Theorie kann nicht alles erklären. Die Schwerkraft zum Beispiel ist nicht im Standard Modell eingeschlossen.

372

Learning planar ising models  

SciTech Connect

Inference and learning of graphical models are both well-studied problems in statistics and machine learning that have found many applications in science and engineering. However, exact inference is intractable in general graphical models, which suggests the problem of seeking the best approximation to a collection of random variables within some tractable family of graphical models. In this paper, we focus our attention on the class of planar Ising models, for which inference is tractable using techniques of statistical physics [Kac and Ward; Kasteleyn]. Based on these techniques and recent methods for planarity testing and planar embedding [Chrobak and Payne], we propose a simple greedy algorithm for learning the best planar Ising model to approximate an arbitrary collection of binary random variables (possibly from sample data). Given the set of all pairwise correlations among variables, we select a planar graph and optimal planar Ising model defined on this graph to best approximate that set of correlations. We present the results of numerical experiments evaluating the performance of our algorithm.

Johnson, Jason K [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Chertkov, Michael [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Netrapalli, Praneeth [STUDENT UT AUSTIN

2010-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

373

Model checking grid security  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Grid computing is one of the leading forms of high performance computing. Security in the grid environment is a challenging issue that can be characterized as a complex system involving many subtleties that may lead designers into error. This is similar to what happens with security protocols where automatic verification techniques (specially model checking) have been proved to be very useful at design time. This paper proposes a formal verification methodology based on model checking that can be applied to host security verification for grid systems. The proposed methodology must take into account that a grid system can be described as a parameterized model, and security requirements can be described as hyperproperties. Unfortunately, both parameterized model checking and hyperproperty verification are, in general, undecidable. However, it has been proved that this problem becomes decidable when jobs have some regularities in their organization. Therefore, this paper presents a verification methodology that reduces a given grid system model to a model to which it is possible to apply a cutoff theorem (i.e., a requirement is satisfied by a system with an arbitrary number of jobs if and only if it is satisfied by a system with a finite number of jobs up to a cutoff size). This methodology is supported by a set of theorems, whose proofs are presented in this paper. The methodology is explained by means of a case study: the Condor system.

F. Pagliarecci; L. Spalazzi; F. Spegni

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Leveraging Model-Based Tool Integration by Conceptual Modeling Techniques  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the context of model-based tool integration, model transformation languages are the first choice for realizing model exchange between heterogenous tools. However, the lack of a conceptual view on the integr...

Gerti Kappel; Manuel Wimmer; Werner Retschitzegger

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

Leveraging model-based tool integration by conceptual modeling techniques  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the context of model-based tool integration, model transformation languages are the first choice for realizing model exchange between heterogenous tools. However, the lack of a conceptual view on the integration problem and appropriate reuse mechanisms ...

Gerti Kappel; Manuel Wimmer; Werner Retschitzegger; Wieland Schwinger

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

Beyond the Standard Model  

SciTech Connect

'BSM physics' is a phrase used in several ways. It can refer to physical phenomena established experimentally but not accommodated by the Standard Model, in particular dark matter and neutrino oscillations (technically also anything that has to do with gravity, since gravity is not part of the Standard Model). 'Beyond the Standard Model' can also refer to possible deeper explanations of phenomena that are accommodated by the Standard Model but only with ad hoc parameterizations, such as Yukawa couplings and the strong CP angle. More generally, BSM can be taken to refer to any possible extension of the Standard Model, whether or not the extension solves any particular set of puzzles left unresolved in the SM. In this general sense one sees reference to the BSM 'theory space' of all possible SM extensions, this being a parameter space of coupling constants for new interactions, new charges or other quantum numbers, and parameters describing possible new degrees of freedom or new symmetries. Despite decades of model-building it seems unlikely that we have mapped out most of, or even the most interesting parts of, this theory space. Indeed we do not even know what is the dimensionality of this parameter space, or what fraction of it is already ruled out by experiment. Since Nature is only implementing at most one point in this BSM theory space (at least in our neighborhood of space and time), it might seem an impossible task to map back from a finite number of experimental discoveries and measurements to a unique BSM explanation. Fortunately for theorists the inevitable limitations of experiments themselves, in terms of resolutions, rates, and energy scales, means that in practice there are only a finite number of BSM model 'equivalence classes' competing at any given time to explain any given set of results. BSM phenomenology is a two-way street: not only do experimental results test or constrain BSM models, they also suggest - to those who get close enough to listen - new directions for BSM model building. Contrary to popular shorthand jargon, supersymmetry (SUSY) is not a BSM model: it is a symmetry principle characterizing a BSM framework with an infinite number of models. Indeed we do not even know the full dimensionality of the SUSY parameter space, since this presumably includes as-yet-unexplored SUSY-breaking mechanisms and combinations of SUSY with other BSM principles. The SUSY framework plays an important role in BSM physics partly because it includes examples of models that are 'complete' in the same sense as the Standard Model, i.e. in principle the model predicts consequences for any observable, from cosmology to b physics to precision electroweak data to LHC collisions. Complete models, in addition to being more explanatory and making connections between diverse phenomena, are also much more experimentally constrained than strawman scenarios that focus more narrowly. One sometimes hears: 'Anything that is discovered at the LHC will be called supersymmetry.' There is truth behind this joke in the sense that the SUSY framework incorporates a vast number of possible signatures accessible to TeV colliders. This is not to say that the SUSY framework is not testable, but we are warned that one should pay attention to other promising frameworks, and should be prepared to make experimental distinctions between them. Since there is no formal classification of BSM frameworks I have invented my own. At the highest level there are six parent frameworks: (1) Terascale supersymmetry; (2) PNGB Higgs; (3) New strong dynamics; (4) Warped extra dimensions; (5) Flat extra dimensions; and (6) Hidden valleys. Here is the briefest possible survey of each framework, with the basic idea, the generic new phenomena, and the energy regime over which the framework purports to make comprehensive predictions.

Lykken, Joseph D.; /Fermilab

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Multiscale Thermohydrologic Model  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of the multiscale thermohydrologic model (MSTHM) is to predict the possible range of thermal-hydrologic conditions, resulting from uncertainty and variability, in the repository emplacement drifts, including the invert, and in the adjoining host rock for the repository at Yucca Mountain. Thus, the goal is to predict the range of possible thermal-hydrologic conditions across the repository; this is quite different from predicting a single expected thermal-hydrologic response. The MSTHM calculates the following thermal-hydrologic parameters: temperature, relative humidity, liquid-phase saturation, evaporation rate, air-mass fraction, gas-phase pressure, capillary pressure, and liquid- and gas-phase fluxes (Table 1-1). These thermal-hydrologic parameters are required to support ''Total System Performance Assessment (TSPA) Model/Analysis for the License Application'' (BSC 2004 [DIRS 168504]). The thermal-hydrologic parameters are determined as a function of position along each of the emplacement drifts and as a function of waste package type. These parameters are determined at various reference locations within the emplacement drifts, including the waste package and drip-shield surfaces and in the invert. The parameters are also determined at various defined locations in the adjoining host rock. The MSTHM uses data obtained from the data tracking numbers (DTNs) listed in Table 4.1-1. The majority of those DTNs were generated from the following analyses and model reports: (1) ''UZ Flow Model and Submodels'' (BSC 2004 [DIRS 169861]); (2) ''Development of Numerical Grids for UZ Flow and Transport Modeling'' (BSC 2004); (3) ''Calibrated Properties Model'' (BSC 2004 [DIRS 169857]); (4) ''Thermal Conductivity of the Potential Repository Horizon'' (BSC 2004 [DIRS 169854]); (5) ''Thermal Conductivity of the Non-Repository Lithostratigraphic Layers'' (BSC 2004 [DIRS 170033]); (6) ''Ventilation Model and Analysis Report'' (BSC 2004 [DIRS 169862]); (7) ''Heat Capacity Analysis Report'' (BSC 2004 [DIRS 170003]).

T. Buscheck

2004-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

378

Simple Modular LED Cost Model  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The LED Cost Model, developed by the DOE Cost Modeling Working Group, provides a simplified method for analyzing the manufacturing costs of an LED package. The model focuses on the major cost...

379

Operating and Capital Expenditures Models  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this chapter, you will learn how to plan, create, and use the Operating Expenditure (OPEX) model and the Capital Expenditure (CAPEX) model. These models are used ... to forecast, respectively, general operatin...

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

The Standard Cosmological Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Standard Model of Particle Physics (SMPP) is an enormously successful description of high energy physics, driving ever more precise measurements to find "physics beyond the standard model", as well as providing motivation for developing more fundamental ideas that might explain the values of its parameters. Simultaneously, a description of the entire 3-dimensional structure of the present-day Universe is being built up painstakingly. Most of the structure is stochastic in nature, being merely the result of the particular realisation of the "initial conditions" within our observable Universe patch. However, governing this structure is the Standard Model of Cosmology (SMC), which appears to require only about a dozen parameters. Cosmologists are now determining the values of these quantities with increasing precision in order to search for "physics beyond the standard model", as well as trying to develop an understanding of the more fundamental ideas which might explain the values of its parameters. Although it is natural to see analogies between the two Standard Models, some intrinsic differences also exist, which are discussed here. Nevertheless, a truly fundamental theory will have to explain both the SMPP and SMC, and this must include an appreciation of which elements are deterministic and which are accidental. Considering different levels of stochasticity within cosmology may make it easier to accept that physical parameters in general might have a non-deterministic aspect.

Douglas Scott

2005-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

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they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Advanced Chemistry Basins Model  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this project is to: (1) Develop a database of additional and better maturity indicators for paleo-heat flow calibration; (2) Develop maturation models capable of predicting the chemical composition of hydrocarbons produced by a specific kerogen as a function of maturity, heating rate, etc.; assemble a compositional kinetic database of representative kerogens; (3) Develop a 4 phase equation of state-flash model that can define the physical properties (viscosity, density, etc.) of the products of kerogen maturation, and phase transitions that occur along secondary migration pathways; (4) Build a conventional basin model and incorporate new maturity indicators and data bases in a user-friendly way; (5) Develop an algorithm which combines the volume change and viscosities of the compositional maturation model to predict the chemistry of the hydrocarbons that will be expelled from the kerogen to the secondary migration pathways; (6) Develop an algorithm that predicts the flow of hydrocarbons along secondary migration pathways, accounts for mixing of miscible hydrocarbon components along the pathway, and calculates the phase fractionation that will occur as the hydrocarbons move upward down the geothermal and fluid pressure gradients in the basin; and (7) Integrate the above components into a functional model implemented on a PC or low cost workstation.

Blanco, Mario; Cathles, Lawrence; Manhardt, Paul; Meulbroek, Peter; Tang, Yongchun

2003-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

382

Using the Model Coupling Toolkit to couple earth system models  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Continued advances in computational resources are providing the opportunity to operate more sophisticated numerical models. Additionally, there is an increasing demand for multidisciplinary studies that include interactions between different physical processes. Therefore there is a strong desire to develop coupled modeling systems that utilize existing models and allow efficient data exchange and model control. The basic system would entail model 1 running on M processors and model 2 running on N processors, with efficient exchange of model fields at predetermined synchronization intervals. Here we demonstrate two coupled systems: the coupling of the ocean circulation model Regional Ocean Modeling System (ROMS) to the surface wave model Simulating \\{WAves\\} Nearshore (SWAN), and the coupling of ROMS to the atmospheric model Coupled Ocean Atmosphere Prediction System (COAMPS). Both coupled systems use the Model Coupling Toolkit (MCT) as a mechanism for operation control and inter-model distributed memory transfer of model variables. In this paper we describe requirements and other options for model coupling, explain the MCT library, ROMS, SWAN and COAMPS models, methods for grid decomposition and sparse matrix interpolation, and provide an example from each coupled system. Methods presented in this paper are clearly applicable for coupling of other types of models.

John C. Warner; Natalie Perlin; Eric D. Skyllingstad

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

WEC Model Development at Sandia  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2C 2C Marine and Hydrokinetic Instrumentation, Measurement & Computer Modeling Workshop - Broomfield, CO July 9 th , 2012 Wave Energy Converter Model Development at Sandia Outline  Overview of SNL's WEC Modeling Activities * Wave Energy Development Roadmap * MHK Reference Models - Diana Bull * WEC Model Tool Development - Kelley Ruehl Reference Models and SNL Array Modeling presented in next session Wave Energy Development Roadmap Overall Goal and Motivation  Goal: Develop a suggested path for WEC development from design to commercialization.  Motivation: Guide industry towards successful design optimizations, prototype deployments, and utility scale commercialization by providing a roadmap incorporating numerical modeling and experimentation.

384

Simple ocean carbon cycle models  

SciTech Connect

Simple ocean carbon cycle models can be used to calculate the rate at which the oceans are likely to absorb CO{sub 2} from the atmosphere. For problems involving steady-state ocean circulation, well calibrated ocean models produce results that are very similar to results obtained using general circulation models. Hence, simple ocean carbon cycle models may be appropriate for use in studies in which the time or expense of running large scale general circulation models would be prohibitive. Simple ocean models have the advantage of being based on a small number of explicit assumptions. The simplicity of these ocean models facilitates the understanding of model results.

Caldeira, K. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States); Hoffert, M.I. [New York Univ., NY (United States). Dept. of Earth System Sciences; Siegenthaler, U. [Bern Univ. (Switzerland). Inst. fuer Physik

1994-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

Realistic modeling for facial animation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Keywords: RGB/Range scanners, discrete deformable models, facial animation, feature-based facial adaptation, physics-based facial modeling, texture mapping

Yuencheng Lee; Demetri Terzopoulos; Keith Waters

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

Numerical Modeling | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Numerical Modeling Numerical Modeling Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Technique: Numerical Modeling Details Activities (8) Areas (2) Regions (0) NEPA(0) Exploration Technique Information Exploration Group: Data and Modeling Techniques Exploration Sub Group: Modeling Techniques Parent Exploration Technique: Modeling Techniques Information Provided by Technique Lithology: Stratigraphic/Structural: Stress fields and magnitudes Hydrological: Visualization and prediction of the flow patterns and characteristics of geothermal fluids Thermal: Thermal conduction and convection patterns in the subsurface Dictionary.png Numerical Modeling: A computer model that is designed to simulate and reproduce the mechanisms of a particular system. Other definitions:Wikipedia Reegle

387

Standard Model Holdout INSIDE  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

May 2, 1997 May 2, 1997 Number 9 f Searching for the Standard Model Holdout INSIDE 2 University Close-Up: Pisa 5 Facilities Managers' Meeting 6 Birth of a Bison Photo by Reidar Hahn An international collaboration at Fermilab sets out to observe the elusive tau neutrino. by Donald Sena, Office of Public Affairs When two collaborations announced the discovery of the top quark at Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory in 1995, many news outlets erroneously reported that the last remaining piece of the current theory of matter and energy, known as the Standard Model, had been found. What reporters and even a few physicists forgot is that the elusive tau neutrino, while firmly entrenched in the Standard Model, has never been directly observed. In the early 1980s, there was one minor attempt to find the tau neutrino

388

Modeling of engine sprays  

SciTech Connect

Atomization and full-cone sprays from single cylindrical orifices are considered. The following subjects are reviewed: the structure of the breakup region; the structure of the far field; modern models that, given the outcome of the breakup process, compute the steady and transient of sprays; some comparisons with detailed measurements; and some practical applications. The following conclusions are reached: the spray breakup and the development regions are the most relevant in engine applications; the inner structure of the breakup region is still largely unknown; two- and three-dimensional spray models are available but remain mostly untested, particularly in their vaporization and combustion components, in part because of a lack of accurate measurements in controlled engine-type environments; engine applications of such models are, nonetheless, recommended for very valuable learning, interpretative, and exploratory studies, but not for predictions.

Bracco, F.V.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

A Quantum Production Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The production system is a theoretical model of computation relevant to the artificial intelligence field allowing for problem solving procedures such as hierarchical tree search. In this work we explore some of the connections between artificial intelligence and quantum computation by presenting a model for a quantum production system. Our approach focuses on initially developing a model for a reversible production system which is a simple mapping of Bennett's reversible Turing machine. We then expand on this result in order to accommodate for the requirements of quantum computation. We present the details of how our proposition can be used alongside Grover's algorithm in order to yield a speedup comparatively to its classical counterpart. We discuss the requirements associated with such a speedup and how it compares against a similar quantum hierarchical search approach.

Lus Tarrataca; Andreas Wichert

2015-02-06T23:59:59.000Z

390

Extended Ising model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper we describe a numerical method of solving the local-density mean-field equations of spatially frustrated lattice models. Using techniques of simulated annealing and simultaneous updating of collective modes, we have been able to locate the global minima of a function with many nearby local minima. This approach is applied to an isotropic frustrated lattice model with magnetic field in order to determine the global phase diagram. We also mention a related simulation technique which might be used to replace the traditional single-spin-flip Monte Carlo method. This appears to be a promising way of simulating periodic spatially frustrated lattice Hamiltonians. Finally, some consideration is given to the physical interpretation of a lattice model of microemulsions.

P. Balbuena and K. A. Dawson

1988-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

Ocean General Circulation Models  

SciTech Connect

1. Definition of Subject The purpose of this text is to provide an introduction to aspects of oceanic general circulation models (OGCMs), an important component of Climate System or Earth System Model (ESM). The role of the ocean in ESMs is described in Chapter XX (EDITOR: PLEASE FIND THE COUPLED CLIMATE or EARTH SYSTEM MODELING CHAPTERS). The emerging need for understanding the Earths climate system and especially projecting its future evolution has encouraged scientists to explore the dynamical, physical, and biogeochemical processes in the ocean. Understanding the role of these processes in the climate system is an interesting and challenging scientific subject. For example, a research question how much extra heat or CO2 generated by anthropogenic activities can be stored in the deep ocean is not only scientifically interesting but also important in projecting future climate of the earth. Thus, OGCMs have been developed and applied to investigate the various oceanic processes and their role in the climate system.

Yoon, Jin-Ho; Ma, Po-Lun

2012-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

392

Calibrated Properties Model  

SciTech Connect

This report has documented the methodologies and the data used for developing rock property sets for three infiltration maps. Model calibration is necessary to obtain parameter values appropriate for the scale of the process being modeled. Although some hydrogeologic property data (prior information) are available, these data cannot be directly used to predict flow and transport processes because they were measured on scales smaller than those characterizing property distributions in models used for the prediction. Since model calibrations were done directly on the scales of interest, the upscaling issue was automatically considered. On the other hand, joint use of data and the prior information in inversions can further increase the reliability of the developed parameters compared with those for the prior information. Rock parameter sets were developed for both the mountain and drift scales because of the scale-dependent behavior of fracture permeability. Note that these parameter sets, except those for faults, were determined using the 1-D simulations. Therefore, they cannot be directly used for modeling lateral flow because of perched water in the unsaturated zone (UZ) of Yucca Mountain. Further calibration may be needed for two- and three-dimensional modeling studies. As discussed above in Section 6.4, uncertainties for these calibrated properties are difficult to accurately determine, because of the inaccuracy of simplified methods for this complex problem or the extremely large computational expense of more rigorous methods. One estimate of uncertainty that may be useful to investigators using these properties is the uncertainty used for the prior information. In most cases, the inversions did not change the properties very much with respect to the prior information. The Output DTNs (including the input and output files for all runs) from this study are given in Section 9.4.

H. H. Liu

2003-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

393

Computer-Aided Modeling Framework for Efficient Model Development, Analysis, and Identification: Combustion and Reactor Modeling  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A representative of the systems modeling languages is Modelica,(8) a standardized modeling language based on object-oriented concepts. ... Modelica Association. ... Modelica - A Unified Object-Oriented Language for Physical Systems Models. ...

Martina Heitzig; Grkan Sin; Mauricio Sales-Cruz; Peter Glarborg; Rafiqul Gani

2010-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

394

Appendix 3-3-The complete model formulation for detailed multiple release software product simulation model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

simulation model In this appendix the model formulations for the detailed simulation model (discussed

Rahmandad, Hazhir

395

Multiphase Flow Modeling Research  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Science Science Chris Guenther, Director Computational Science Division RUA Spring Meeting, Morgantown, WV March 2013 2 NETL's Multiphase Flow Science Team * The Multiphase Flow Science Team develops physics-based simulation models to conduct applied scientific research. - Development of new theory - Extensive on-site and collaborative V&V efforts and testing - Engages in technology transfer - Applies the models to industrial scale problems. 3 Why is Multiphase Flow Science Needed? * Industry is increasingly relying on multiphase technologies to produce clean and affordable energy with carbon capture. * Unfortunately, the presence of a solid phase reduces the operating capacity of a typical energy device from its original design on average by 40% [1].

396

Modelling coal gasification  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Coal gasification processes in a slurry-feed-type entrained-flow gasifier are studied. Novel simulation methods as well as numerical results are presented. We use the vorticity-stream function method to study the characteristics of gas flow and a scalar potential function is introduced to model the mass source terms. The random trajectory model is employed to describe the behaviour of slurry-coal droplets. Very detailed results regarding the impact of the O2/coal ratio on the distribution of velocity, temperature and concentration are obtained. Simulation results show that the methods are feasible and can be used to study a two-phase reacting flow efficiently.

Xiang Jun Liu; Wu Rong Zhang; Tae Jun Park

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Projected SO(5) models  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We construct a class of projected SO(5) models where the Gutzwiller constraint of no-double-occupancy is implemented exactly. We introduce the concept of projected SO(5) symmetry where all static correlation functions are exactly SO(5) symmetric and discuss the signature of the projected SO(5) symmetry in dynamical correlation functions. We show that this class of projected SO(5) models can give a realistic description of the global phase diagram of the high-Tc superconductors and account for many of their physical properties.

Shou-Cheng Zhang; Jiang-Ping Hu; Enrico Arrigoni; Werner Hanke; Assa Auerbach

1999-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Morphological modeling of neurons  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the Bifurcation Model . 2. Extension to Multifurcations 3. Diameter Dependence and Rail's Ratio . D. Representation of Somata E. Representation of the Environment 5 7 7 7 9 10 10 14 14 14 16 L-SYSTEM MODELING . A. L-system Grammars Can Generate... morphologies generated for a uniform logical space would have to be mapped into the generally non-uniform physical space. We suggest a so- lution to this problem which involves the use of three-dimensional grids and mapping these grids between the uniform...

Mulchandani, Kishore

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

Pistons modeled by potentials  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this article we consider a piston modelled by a potential in the presence of extra dimensions. We analyze the functional determinant and the Casimir effect for this configuration. In order to compute the determinant and Casimir force we employ the zeta function scheme. Essentially, the computation reduces to the analysis of the zeta function associated with a scalar field living on an interval $[0,L]$ in a background potential. Although, as a model for a piston, it seems reasonable to assume a potential having compact support within $[0,L]$, we provide a formalism that can be applied to any sufficiently smooth potential.

Guglielmo Fucci; Klaus Kirsten; Pedro Morales

2011-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

400

Map algebra and model algebra for integrated model building  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Computer models are important tools for the assessment of environmental systems. A seamless workflow of construction and coupling of model components is essential for environmental scientists. However, currently available software packages are often ... Keywords: Biomass-harvest model, Component-based modelling, PCRaster, Python, Spatio-temporal simulation

Oliver Schmitz; Derek Karssenberg; Kor De Jong; Jean-Luc De Kok; Steven M. De Jong

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "modeling changzheng liu" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Integration of EBS Models with Generic Disposal System Models | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Integration of EBS Models with Generic Disposal System Models Integration of EBS Models with Generic Disposal System Models Integration of EBS Models with Generic Disposal System Models This report summarizes research activities on engineered barrier system (EBS) model integration with the generic disposal system model (GDSM), and used fuel degradation and radionuclide mobilization (RM) in support of the EBS evaluation and tool development within the Used Fuel Disposition campaign. This report addresses: predictive model capability for used nuclear fuel degradation based on electrochemical and thermodynamic principles, radiolysis model to evaluate the U(VI)-H2O-CO2 system, steps towards the evaluation of uranium alteration products, discussion of instant release fraction (IRF) of radionuclides from the nuclear fuel, and

402

Integration of EBS Models with Generic Disposal System Models | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Integration of EBS Models with Generic Disposal System Models Integration of EBS Models with Generic Disposal System Models Integration of EBS Models with Generic Disposal System Models This report summarizes research activities on engineered barrier system (EBS) model integration with the generic disposal system model (GDSM), and used fuel degradation and radionuclide mobilization (RM) in support of the EBS evaluation and tool development within the Used Fuel Disposition campaign. This report addresses: predictive model capability for used nuclear fuel degradation based on electrochemical and thermodynamic principles, radiolysis model to evaluate the U(VI)-H2O-CO2 system, steps towards the evaluation of uranium alteration products, discussion of instant release fraction (IRF) of radionuclides from the nuclear fuel, and

403

TDE Ecosystem Model Intercomparison Data Archive: Model Descriptions  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Model Descriptions Model Descriptions BGC++ BIOME-BGC CANOAK EALCO ecosys INTRASTAND LaRS LINKAGES v2.1 LoTEC MAESTRA NuCM PnET II SPA Literature Cited A total of 13 models were used in this study covering a range of temporal scales, spatial complexity, and mechanistic detail (Figure 1). Eight of the models (8) used an hourly time step, four models used a daily time step, and only one model used a monthly time step (i.e., PnET-II). Most models provided estimates for both stand carbon and water budgets, but other were limited to either the carbon (MAESTRA) or water (LINKAGES and NuCM) budgets. The most mechanistically complex models (ecosys, CLASS, LaRS, and CANOAK) also used a complete energy balance. A brief description of each of the models is provided below. BGC++ The BGC++ model (Hunt et al. 1999) simulates carbon, nitrogen, and

404

Asymmetrical Ising model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A model is introduced, which shows a discontinuous or first-order phase transition in temperature coordinate. As temperature increases, its long-range order undergoes a discontinuity at the condensation point, but contrary to the conventional assumption it does not vanish after the phase change. The long-range order remains nonzero at all finite temperatures and vanishes only at infinite temperature.

Huey W. Huang

1975-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Rheological Model for Wood  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wood as the most important natural and renewable building material plays an important role in the construction sector. Nevertheless, its hygroscopic character basically affects all related mechanical properties leading to degradation of material stiffness and strength over the service life. Accordingly, to attain reliable design of the timber structures, the influence of moisture evolution and the role of time- and moisture-dependent behaviors have to be taken into account. For this purpose, in the current study a 3D orthotropic elasto-plastic, visco-elastic, mechano-sorptive constitutive model for wood, with all material constants being defined as a function of moisture content, is presented. The corresponding numerical integration approach, with additive decomposition of the total strain is developed and implemented within the framework of the finite element method (FEM). Moreover to preserve a quadratic rate of asymptotic convergence the consistent tangent operator for the whole model is derived. Functionality and capability of the presented material model are evaluated by performing several numerical verification simulations of wood components under different combinations of mechanical loading and moisture variation. Additionally, the flexibility and universality of the introduced model to predict the mechanical behavior of different species are demonstrated by the analysis of a hybrid wood element. Furthermore, the proposed numerical approach is validated by comparisons of computational evaluations with experimental results.

Mohammad Masoud Hassani; Falk K. Wittel; Stefan Hering; Hans J. Herrmann

2014-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

406

Modeling the earth system  

SciTech Connect

The 1990 Global Change Institute (GCI) on Earth System Modeling is the third of a series organized by the Office for Interdisciplinary Earth Studies to look in depth at particular issues critical to developing a better understanding of the earth system. The 1990 GCI on Earth System Modeling was organized around three themes: defining critical gaps in the knowledge of the earth system, developing simplified working models, and validating comprehensive system models. This book is divided into three sections that reflect these themes. Each section begins with a set of background papers offering a brief tutorial on the subject, followed by working group reports developed during the institute. These reports summarize the joint ideas and recommendations of the participants and bring to bear the interdisciplinary perspective that imbued the institute. Since the conclusion of the 1990 Global Change Institute, research programs, nationally and internationally, have moved forward to implement a number of the recommendations made at the institute, and many of the participants have maintained collegial interactions to develop research projects addressing the needs identified during the two weeks in Snowmass.

Ojima, D. [ed.

1992-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

407

COMPUTER PROCESSING AND MODELING -  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

COMPUTER PROCESSING AND MODELING - Full Paper Magnetic Resonance in Medicine 67:572­579 (2012, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri, USA Grant sponsor: Mr. and Mrs. Spencer T. Olin Fellowship for Women in Graduate Study; Grant sponsor: NSF; Grant number: CCF-0963742; Grant

Nehorai, Arye

408

Dynamic Modelling, Measurement and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dynamic Modelling, Measurement and Control of Co-rotating Twin-Screw Extruders Justin Rae Elsey, B;Summary Co-rotating twin-screw extruders are unique and versatile machines that are used widely that these extruders are currently being optimally utilised. The most signi cant improvement to the eld of twin-screw

Fernandez, Thomas

409

Introduction Model Formulation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Two-Phase Flow Peter Knabner, Estelle Marchand, Torsten M¨uller Department Mathematics Friedrich June 13th, 2011 Peter Knabner, Estelle Marchand, Torsten M¨uller The Mathematics of Porous Media 2011 1 / 30 #12;Introduction Model Formulation Results Outline 1 Introduction Peter Knabner, Estelle Marchand

Gugat, Martin

410

Physical modelling in biomechanics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...affixed side-by-side to wave-swept rocky shores, and many repli- cates of such...is of interest, then models should have safety factors (maximum stress experienced due...we assumed that the body sur- face was flat, and that the copepod's other appendages...

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

Mechanics of Jointed and Faulted Rock, Rossmanith (ed) 0 1995 Balkema, Rotterdam. ISBN 90 54 10 54 7 0 Seismic properties of a general fracture  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

7 0 Seismic properties of a general fracture E. Liu British Geological Survey Edinburgh, UK J Inc., Ponca Cig Okla., USA ABSTRACT: In modelling the wave behaviour through fractured and jointed rocks, different models have been proposed to describe the fractures. A fracture can be modelled (1

Edinburgh, University of

412

http://sim.sagepub.com DOI: 10.1177/0037549704046340  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

://www.sagepublications.com On behalf of: Society for Modeling and Simulation International (SCS) can be found at petbu@ida.liu.se Mathematical modeling and the simulation of complex physical systems are emerging for detecting structural and numerical inconsistencies in the simulation models is crucial.To address this need

Burns, Peter

413

Debugging Symbolic Transformations in Equation Systems Martin Sjlund1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, simulation, compilation, Modelica 1. Introduction 1.1 General Equation-based object-oriented (EOO}@liu.se Abstract How do you debug application models in an equation-based object-oriented (EOO) programming a hierarchy of models and connecting them. However, in order to simulate such models efficiently, EOO

Zhao, Yuxiao

414

Geothermal Electricity Technology Evaluation Model | Department...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

Geothermal Electricity Technology Evaluation Model Geothermal Electricity Technology Evaluation Model The Geothermal Electricity Technology Evaluation Model (GETEM) aids the...

415

Improving Open Channel Network Operation Using Gate Control Support Model Developed with ArcGIS Geoprosessing Tools  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

), Deltour and Sanfilippo (1998), CANAL used by Merkley and Walker (1991), CASIM used by Liu et al. (1998), CanalCAD used by Burt et al. (1998), ICSS used by Lin and Manz (1992), and Mike 11 used by Clemmens et al. (1997). 7 Several studies on automatic... Lab, Mike 11 version 3.2 from the Danish Hydraulic Institute, and SOBEK from Delft Hydraulics (Clemmens et al. 2005). Clemmens et al. (2005) found CanalCAD, Mike 11 version 3.2, and SOBEK useful for canal automation studies but they mentioned...

Eskandari Halvaei, Mostafa

2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

416

Optimization of Variational Boussinesq Models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Optimization of Variational Boussinesq Models 2 4 6 8 10 2 4 6 8 10 0 0.5 1 1.5 2 1 2 Kapp -Kex 0 of Arts and Sciences). Ivan Lakhturov: Optimization of Variational Boussinesq Models c 2012 Printed Boussinesq Model (VBM). The VBM is a model for waves above a layer of ideal fluid, which conserves mass

Al Hanbali, Ahmad

417

Chemistry, Reservoir, and Integrated Models  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Below are the project presentations and respective peer review results for Chemistry, Reservoir and Integrated Models.

418

Interactive modeler for cloth draping  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cloth modeling is a challenging field in computer graphics, being a typical example of a soft-object. One of the approaches toward modeling cloth is a geometric approach. This thesis develops a conceptual model for modeling cloth drape using a...

Thumrugoti, Umakanth

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

419

Conceptual Model | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Conceptual Model Conceptual Model Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Technique: Conceptual Model Details Activities (17) Areas (4) Regions (0) NEPA(0) Exploration Technique Information Exploration Group: Data and Modeling Techniques Exploration Sub Group: Modeling Techniques Parent Exploration Technique: Modeling Techniques Information Provided by Technique Lithology: Rock types, rock chemistry, stratigraphic layer organization Stratigraphic/Structural: Location and shape of permeable and non-permeable structures, faults, fracture patterns Hydrological: Hydrothermal fluid flow characteristics, up-flow patterns Thermal: Temperature and pressure extrapolation throughout reservoir, heat source characteristics Dictionary.png Conceptual Model:

420

Research Highlight  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Evaluation of a New Mixed-Phase Cloud Microphysics Parameterization with Evaluation of a New Mixed-Phase Cloud Microphysics Parameterization with SCAM, CAPT Forecasts and M-PACE Observations Download a printable PDF Submitter: Liu, X., University of Wyoming Area of Research: General Circulation and Single Column Models/Parameterizations Working Group(s): Cloud Modeling Journal Reference: Liu, X, S Xie, and SJ Ghan. 2007. "Evaluation of a new mixed-Phase cloud microphysics parameterization with the NCAR single column climate model (SCAM) and ARM M-PACE observations." Geophysical Research Letters 34, L23712, doi:10.1029/2007GL031446. Xie, S, J Boyle, SA Klein, X Liu and S Ghan. 2008. "Simulations of arctic mixed-phase clouds in forecasts with CAM3 and AM2 for M-PACE." Journal of Geophysical Research, in press.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "modeling changzheng liu" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

GROUT HOPPER MODELING STUDY  

SciTech Connect

The Saltstone facility has a grout hopper tank to provide agitator stirring of the Saltstone feed materials. The tank has about 300 gallon capacity to provide a larger working volume for the grout slurry to be held in case of a process upset, and it is equipped with a mechanical agitator, which is intended to keep the grout in motion and agitated so that it won't start to set up. The dry feeds and the salt solution are already mixed in the mixer prior to being transferred to the hopper tank. The hopper modeling study through this work will focus on fluid stirring and agitation, instead of traditional mixing in the literature, in order to keep the tank contents in motion during their residence time so that they will not be upset or solidified prior to transferring the grout to the Saltstone disposal facility. The primary objective of the work is to evaluate the flow performance for mechanical agitators to prevent vortex pull-through for an adequate stirring of the feed materials and to estimate an agitator speed which provides acceptable flow performance with a 45{sup o} pitched four-blade agitator. In addition, the power consumption required for the agitator operation was estimated. The modeling calculations were performed by taking two steps of the Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) modeling approach. As a first step, a simple single-stage agitator model with 45{sup o} pitched propeller blades was developed for the initial scoping analysis of the flow pattern behaviors for a range of different operating conditions. Based on the initial phase-1 results, the phase-2 model with a two-stage agitator was developed for the final performance evaluations. A series of sensitivity calculations for different designs of agitators and operating conditions have been performed to investigate the impact of key parameters on the grout hydraulic performance in a 300-gallon hopper tank. For the analysis, viscous shear was modeled by using the Bingham plastic approximation. Steady state analyses with a two-equation turbulence model were performed with the FLUENT{trademark} codes. All analyses were based on three-dimensional results. Recommended operational guidance was developed by using the basic concept that local shear rate profiles and flow patterns can be used as a measure of hydraulic performance and spatial stirring. Flow patterns were estimated by a Lagrangian integration technique along the flow paths from the material feed inlet. The modeling results show that when the two-stage agitator consisting of a 45{sup o} pitched propeller and radial flat-plate blades is run at 140 rpm speed with 28 in diameter, the agitator provides an adequate stirring of the feed materials for a wide range of yield stresses (1 to 21 Pa) and the vortex system is shed into the remote region of the tank boundary by the blade passage in an efficient way. The results of this modeling study were used to develop the design guidelines for the agitator stirring and dispersion of the Saltstone feed materials in a hopper tank.

Lee, S.

2011-08-30T23:59:59.000Z

422

LLNL Chemical Kinetics Modeling Group  

SciTech Connect

The LLNL chemical kinetics modeling group has been responsible for much progress in the development of chemical kinetic models for practical fuels. The group began its work in the early 1970s, developing chemical kinetic models for methane, ethane, ethanol and halogenated inhibitors. Most recently, it has been developing chemical kinetic models for large n-alkanes, cycloalkanes, hexenes, and large methyl esters. These component models are needed to represent gasoline, diesel, jet, and oil-sand-derived fuels.

Pitz, W J; Westbrook, C K; Mehl, M; Herbinet, O; Curran, H J; Silke, E J

2008-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

423

Model WC-18000  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Model WC-18000 Model WC-18000 by NuPac . VOLUME REDUCTION means ravings in transportation and burial. l AIR FILTRATION SYSTEM l 18000 lb. COMPACTION 0 ELECTRO-MECHANICAL OPERATION l OVER 20 UNITS IN OPERATION NUCLEAR PACKAGING INC. 815 South 28th St. Tacoma, Washington 98409 (2061572.7775 or 838-1243 See w at Booth 58 HP Society Annusl Meetllng isotope ; & radiation COMPLIANCE Radiography firm loses license Oflicial ilc,i

424

Transformations of Ising Models  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The "star-triangle" and "decoration" transformations are generalized so as to apply to arbitrary mechanical systems coupled to the spins of a standard Ising net. This leads to exact solutions for further plane Ising nets and also for lattices in which the spins on alternate sites have a magnitude greater than S=12. A general class of antiferromagnetic Ising models is constructed; exact closed expressions can be derived for all the thermodynamic and magnetic properties of these models in an arbitrary magnetic field.The magnetizations and susceptibilities of Ising nets in which different spins have different magnetic moments are investigated and a valuable relation between the susceptibilities of the honeycomb and triangular lattices is derived. It is shown how correlation functions involving a given spin can be expressed in terms of correlations involving the nearest-neighbor spins instead.

Michael E. Fisher

1959-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

425

Integrated astrophysical modeling  

SciTech Connect

In this project, we have developed prototype techniques for defining and extending a variety of astrophysical modeling capabilities, including those involving multidimensional hydrodynamics, complex transport, and flexibly-coupled equation-of state and nuclear reaction networks. As expected, this project is having both near-term payoffs in understanding complex astrophysical phenomena, as well as significant spin-offs in terms of people and ideas to related ASCI code efforts. Most of our work in the first part of this project was focused on the modularization, extension, and initial integration of 4 previously separate and incommensurate codes: the stellar evolution/explosion code KEPLER; the non-LTE spectral line transport code, EDDINGTON, used for modeling supernovae spectra; the 3-D smooth particle hydro code, PIP; and the discontinuous-finite-element, 3D hydro module from the lCF3D code.

Weaver, T.A., Eastman, R.G., Dubois, P., Eltgroth, P.G., Gentile, N., Jedamzik, K., Wilson, J.R.

1997-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

426

Recovery Boiler Modeling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, east, e, west, w, bot tom, b, and top, t, neighbors. The neighboring cou pling coefficients (an, a., .. , etc) express the magnitudes of the convection and diffusion which occur across the control volume boundaries. The variable b p represents... represents a model of one half of the recovery boiler. The boiler has three air levels. The North, South and East boundaries of the computational domain represent the water walls of the boiler. The West boundary represents a symmetry plane. It should...

Abdullah, Z.; Salcudean, M.; Nowak, P.

427

Nonminimal SU(5) model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The existence of the solution of the symmetry-breaking problem SU(5)?SU(3) SU(2)U(1)Y?SU(3)U(1)Q is shown in a nonminimal model where the 75-dimensional Higgs field is used instead of the usual 24-dimensional one. The result is given in an explicit and simple form. The relevance of this solution to existing theories and to problems related to proton decay is discussed.

T. Hbsch; S. Meljanac; S. Pallua

1985-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

Anomaly for Model Building  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A simple algorithm to calculate the group theory factor entering in anomalies at four and six dimensions for SU(N) and SO(N) groups in terms of the Casimir invariants of their subgroups is presented. Explicit examples of some of the lower dimensional representations of $SU(n), n \\leq 5$ and SO(10) groups are presented, which could be used for model building in four and six dimensions.

Utpal Sarkar

2006-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

429

The Paradata Information Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the Strawman: Generic Longitudinal Business Process Model (GLBPM) Specializing GLBPM The PIM Formalism Sequencing Data Collection, Data Processing and Data Understanding Activities The Microarray Experiment Use Case Understanding Sequences The Gamification... Understanding Sequences The Gamification of GSBPM Next Steps 2 PARADATA IN THE NATIONAL CHILDRENS STUDY Use Case 3 In the NCS so-called operational data elements were defined and designed to assist in the assessment of feasibility, acceptability...

Greenfield, Jay; Carpenter, Danielle

2013-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

430

Chaplygin electron gas model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We provide a new electromagnetic mass model admitting Chaplygin gas equation of state. We investigate three specializations, the first characterized by a vanishing effective pressure, the second provided with a constant effective density and the third is described by a constant effective pressure. For these specializations two particular cases are discussed. In addition, for specialization I, case I we found isotropic coordinate as well as Kretschmann scalar, and for specialization III, case II two special scenarios have been studied.

I. Radinschi; F. Rahaman; M. Kalam; K. Chakraborty

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

Modeling volcanic ash dispersal  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Explosive volcanic eruptions inject into the atmosphere large amounts of volcanic material (ash, blocks and lapilli). Blocks and larger lapilli follow ballistic and non-ballistic trajectories and fall rapidly close to the volcano. In contrast, very fine ashes can remain entrapped in the atmosphere for months to years, and may affect the global climate in the case of large eruptions. Particles having sizes between these two end-members remain airborne from hours to days and can cover wide areas downwind. Such volcanic fallout entails a serious threat to aircraft safety and can create many undesirable effects to the communities located around the volcano. The assessment of volcanic fallout hazard is an important scientific, economic, and political issue, especially in densely populated areas. From a scientific point of view, considerable progress has been made during the last two decades through the use of increasingly powerful computational models and capabilities. Nowadays, models are used to quantify hazard scenarios and/or to give short-term forecasts during emergency situations. This talk will be focused on the main aspects related to modeling volcanic ash dispersal and fallout with application to the well known problem created by the Eyjafjll volcano in Iceland. Moreover, a short description of the main volcanic monitoring techniques is presented.

None

2011-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

432

Sequence modelling and an extensible data model for genomic database  

SciTech Connect

The Human Genome Project (HGP) plans to sequence the human genome by the beginning of the next century. It will generate DNA sequences of more than 10 billion bases and complex marker sequences (maps) of more than 100 million markers. All of these information will be stored in database management systems (DBMSs). However, existing data models do not have the abstraction mechanism for modelling sequences and existing DBMS's do not have operations for complex sequences. This work addresses the problem of sequence modelling in the context of the HGP and the more general problem of an extensible object data model that can incorporate the sequence model as well as existing and future data constructs and operators. First, we proposed a general sequence model that is application and implementation independent. This model is used to capture the sequence information found in the HGP at the conceptual level. In addition, abstract and biological sequence operators are defined for manipulating the modelled sequences. Second, we combined many features of semantic and object oriented data models into an extensible framework, which we called the Extensible Object Model'', to address the need of a modelling framework for incorporating the sequence data model with other types of data constructs and operators. This framework is based on the conceptual separation between constructors and constraints. We then used this modelling framework to integrate the constructs for the conceptual sequence model. The Extensible Object Model is also defined with a graphical representation, which is useful as a tool for database designers. Finally, we defined a query language to support this model and implement the query processor to demonstrate the feasibility of the extensible framework and the usefulness of the conceptual sequence model.

Li, Peter Wei-Der (California Univ., San Francisco, CA (United States) Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States))

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Sequence modelling and an extensible data model for genomic database  

SciTech Connect

The Human Genome Project (HGP) plans to sequence the human genome by the beginning of the next century. It will generate DNA sequences of more than 10 billion bases and complex marker sequences (maps) of more than 100 million markers. All of these information will be stored in database management systems (DBMSs). However, existing data models do not have the abstraction mechanism for modelling sequences and existing DBMS`s do not have operations for complex sequences. This work addresses the problem of sequence modelling in the context of the HGP and the more general problem of an extensible object data model that can incorporate the sequence model as well as existing and future data constructs and operators. First, we proposed a general sequence model that is application and implementation independent. This model is used to capture the sequence information found in the HGP at the conceptual level. In addition, abstract and biological sequence operators are defined for manipulating the modelled sequences. Second, we combined many features of semantic and object oriented data models into an extensible framework, which we called the ``Extensible Object Model``, to address the need of a modelling framework for incorporating the sequence data model with other types of data constructs and operators. This framework is based on the conceptual separation between constructors and constraints. We then used this modelling framework to integrate the constructs for the conceptual sequence model. The Extensible Object Model is also defined with a graphical representation, which is useful as a tool for database designers. Finally, we defined a query language to support this model and implement the query processor to demonstrate the feasibility of the extensible framework and the usefulness of the conceptual sequence model.

Li, Peter Wei-Der [California Univ., San Francisco, CA (United States); [Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

Two Ecosystem Demography Models Released  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Ecosystem Demography Models Released Ecosystem Demography Models Released The ORNL DAAC is pleased to announce the release of two Ecosystem Demography Models: Ecosystem Demography Model: U.S. Ecosystem Carbon Stocks and Fluxes, 1700-1990 . Data set prepared by G. Hurtt, S.W. Pacala, P.R. Moorcroft, J. Caspersen, E. Shevliakova, R.A. Houghton, B. Moore III, and J. Fisk. This model product contains the source code for the Ecosystem Demography Model (ED version 1.0) as well as model input and output data files for the conterminous United States. The ED is a mechanistic ecosystem model built around established sub-models of leaf level physiology, organic matter decomposition, hydrology, and functional biodiversity. It was used herein to estimate ecosystem carbon stocks and fluxes in the conterminous U.S. at

435

Modeling for Airborne Contamination  

SciTech Connect

The objective of Modeling for Airborne Contamination (referred to from now on as ''this report'') is to provide a documented methodology, along with supporting information, for estimating the release, transport, and assessment of dose to workers from airborne radioactive contaminants within the Monitored Geologic Repository (MGR) subsurface during the pre-closure period. Specifically, this report provides engineers and scientists with methodologies for estimating how concentrations of contaminants might be distributed in the air and on the drift surfaces if released from waste packages inside the repository. This report also provides dose conversion factors for inhalation, air submersion, and ground exposure pathways used to derive doses to potentially exposed subsurface workers. The scope of this report is limited to radiological contaminants (particulate, volatile and gaseous) resulting from waste package leaks (if any) and surface contamination and their transport processes. Neutron activation of air, dust in the air and the rock walls of the drift during the preclosure time is not considered within the scope of this report. Any neutrons causing such activation are not themselves considered to be ''contaminants'' released from the waste package. This report: (1) Documents mathematical models and model parameters for evaluating airborne contaminant transport within the MGR subsurface; and (2) Provides tables of dose conversion factors for inhalation, air submersion, and ground exposure pathways for important radionuclides. The dose conversion factors for air submersion and ground exposure pathways are further limited to drift diameters of 7.62 m and 5.5 m, corresponding to the main and emplacement drifts, respectively. If the final repository design significantly deviates from these drift dimensions, the results in this report may require revision. The dose conversion factors are further derived by using concrete of sufficient thickness to simulate the drift walls. The gamma-ray scattering properties of concrete are sufficiently similar to those of the host rock and proposed insert material; use of concrete will have no significant impact on the conclusions. The information in this report is presented primarily for use in performing pre-closure radiological safety evaluations of radiological contaminants, but it may also be used to develop strategies for contaminant leak detection and monitoring in the MGR. Included in this report are the methods for determining the source terms and release fractions, and mathematical models and model parameters for contaminant transport and distribution within the repository. Various particle behavior mechanisms that affect the transport of contaminant are included. These particle behavior mechanisms include diffusion, settling, resuspension, agglomeration and other deposition mechanisms.

F.R. Faillace; Y. Yuan

2000-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

436

Random Item Modeling: An Extension and Generalization of MIRID models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

be seen in both the RF- and the RR-MIRD models and meets ourthe FR- MIRID and the RR-MIRD show the better fit than thestudy shows how various RI-MIRD models fit verbal aggression

Lee, Yongsang

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

Comparison of Photovoltaic Models in the System Advisor Model: Preprint  

SciTech Connect

The System Advisor Model (SAM) is free software developed by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) for predicting the performance of renewable energy systems and analyzing the financial feasibility of residential, commercial, and utility-scale grid-connected projects. SAM offers several options for predicting the performance of photovoltaic (PV) systems. The model requires that the analyst choose from three PV system models, and depending on that choice, possibly choose from three module and two inverter component models. To obtain meaningful results from SAM, the analyst must be aware of the differences between the model options and their applicability to different modeling scenarios. This paper presents an overview the different PV model options and presents a comparison of results for a 200-kW system using different model options.

Blair, N. J.; Dobos, A. P.; Gilman, P.

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

Generic Models and Their Support in Modeling Problem Solving Behavior  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Generic models have received widespread attention in knowledge based systems research (KBS) as an important aid in the process of modeling problem solving behavior. However, little empirical evidence has bee...

Philip Rademakers; Johan Vanwelkenhuysen

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Modeling Techniques | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Modeling Techniques Modeling Techniques Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Technique: Modeling Techniques Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) NEPA(0) Exploration Technique Information Exploration Group: Data and Modeling Techniques Exploration Sub Group: Modeling Techniques Parent Exploration Technique: Data and Modeling Techniques Information Provided by Technique Lithology: Rock types, rock chemistry, stratigraphic layer organization Stratigraphic/Structural: Stress fields and magnitudes, location and shape of permeable and non-permeable structures, faults, fracture patterns Hydrological: Visualization and prediction of the flow patterns and characteristics of geothermal fluids, hydrothermal fluid flow characteristics, up-flow patterns

440

Rapid SmartCode Modeling Procedural Modeling for Urban Environments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(Autodesk, 2009). Another key innovation with this research is that our procedural modeling tools for 3D

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "modeling changzheng liu" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

STATISTICAL MECHANICS: FROM ISING MODELS TO UNITARY MINIMAL MODELS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

STATISTICAL MECHANICS: FROM ISING MODELS TO UNITARY MINIMAL MODELS Paul A. PEARCE Mathematics universality classes of critical behaviour including the critical and tricritical Ising model, the critical of a ferromagnet with his Ph.D. student Ising2 . This period gave birth to the subject of exactly solvable lattice

Pearce, Paul A.

442

EG-Models -A New Journal for Digital Geometry Models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to build up large col- lections of plaster models in the 19th century for educational purposes and the plaster collections with mod- ern computer tools. But the possibilities of the digital models go well beyond those of the libraries with classical plaster shapes and dynamic steel models in earlier days

Polthier, Konrad

443

Modeling Interplanetary Logistics: A Mathematical Model for Mission Planning  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Modeling Interplanetary Logistics: A Mathematical Model for Mission Planning Christine Taylor, Miao design is how to best design the logistics required to sustain the exploration initiative. Using terrestrial logistics modeling tools that have been extended to encompass the dynamics and requirements

de Weck, Olivier L.

444

Using the Model Coupling Toolkit to couple earth system models  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Continued advances in computational resources are providing the opportunity to operate more sophisticated numerical models. Additionally, there is an increasing demand for multidisciplinary studies that include interactions between different physical ... Keywords: COAMPS, Model Coupling Toolkit, Model coupling, ROMS, SWAN, Sparse matrix interpolation

John C. Warner; Natalie Perlin; Eric D. Skyllingstad

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Gas Distribution Modeling using Sparse Gaussian Process Mixture Models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Gas Distribution Modeling using Sparse Gaussian Process Mixture Models Cyrill Stachniss1 Christian-- In this paper, we consider the problem of learning a two dimensional spatial model of a gas distribution with a mobile robot. Building maps that can be used to accurately predict the gas concentration at query

Stachniss, Cyrill

446

Standardised and transparent model descriptions for agent-based models: Current status and prospects  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Agent-based models are helpful to investigate complex dynamics in coupled human-natural systems. However, model assessment, model comparison and replication are hampered to a large extent by a lack of transparency and comprehensibility in model descriptions. ... Keywords: Agent-based modelling, Domain specific languages, Graphical representations, Model communication, Model comparison, Model design, Model development, Model replication, Standardised protocols

Birgit Mller, Stefano Balbi, Carsten M. Buchmann, Lus De Sousa, Gunnar Dressler, Jrgen Groeneveld, Christian J. Klassert, Quang Bao Le, James D. A. Millington, Henning Nolzen, Dawn C. Parker, J. Gary Polhill, Maja Schlter, Jule Schulze, Nina Schwarz, Zhanli Sun, Patrick Taillandier, Hanna Weise

2014-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

A framework for benchmarking land models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

their inclu- sion in Earth system models (ESMs). State-of-land models cou- pled to Earth system models should simulateland models within Earth system models, however, can help

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Development and application of earth system models  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Development and application of earth system models 10.1073/pnas.1107470109...to climate mitigation that earth system models can help inform. These models...processes. Why do we need earth system models (ESMs)? First, such models...

Ronald G. Prinn

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Chemical kinetics modeling  

SciTech Connect

This project emphasizes numerical modeling of chemical kinetics of combustion, including applications in both practical combustion systems and in controlled laboratory experiments. Elementary reaction rate parameters are combined into mechanisms which then describe the overall reaction of the fuels being studied. Detailed sensitivity analyses are used to identify those reaction rates and product species distributions to which the results are most sensitive and therefore warrant the greatest attention from other experimental and theoretical research programs. Experimental data from a variety of environments are combined together to validate the reaction mechanisms, including results from laminar flames, shock tubes, flow systems, detonations, and even internal combustion engines.

Westbrook, C.K.; Pitz, W.J. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, CA (United States)

1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

Modeling pionic fusion  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Recently observed rare heavy ion fusion processes, where the entire available energy is carried away by a single pion, is an example of extreme collectivity in nuclear reactions. We calculate the cross section in the approximation of sudden overlap, modeling the initial and final nuclei by moving harmonic oscillator potentials. This allows for a fully quantum-mechanical treatment, exact conservation of linear and angular momenta and fulfillment of the Pauli principle. The results are in satisfactory agreement with data. Mass number dependence and general trends of the process are discussed.

Alexander Volya; Scott Pratt; Vladimir Zelevinsky

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

MESOMECHANICAL MODELING OF FRACTURE  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper reviews the efforts of the author and his colleagues over the past five decades to develop mesomechanical models of material failure. In the early 1970s a procedure known as the NAG/FRAG (Nucleation and Growth to Fragmentation) methodology was introduced by a group at SRI International. Experiments are performed in which the evolution of micro structural damage is measured posttest as a function of stress time?at?stress temperature and other environmental parameters. Damage nucleation and growth functions are deduced via iterative computational simulations. I conclude the review with a discussion of a current challenging problem: that of designing improved glass and ceramic armors.

D. R. Curran

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Stochastic modeling of Congress  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We analyze the dynamics of growth of the number of congressmen supporting the resolution HR1207 to audit the Federal Reserve. The plot of the total number of co-sponsors as a function of time is of "Devil's staircase" type. The distribution of the numbers of new co-sponsors joining during a particular day (step height) follows a power law. The distribution of the length of intervals between additions of new co-sponsors (step length) also follows a power law. We use a modification of Bak-Tang-Wiesenfeld sandpile model to simulate the dynamics of Congress and obtain a good agreement with the data.

Simkin, M V

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Toward Energetically Consistent Ocean Models  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Possibilities to construct a realistic quasi-global ocean model in Boussinesq approximation with a closed energy cycle are explored in this study. In such a model, the energy related to the mean variables would interact with all parameterized ...

Carsten Eden; Lars Czeschel; Dirk Olbers

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

Molecular Modeling at Plastic Recycling  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The possibility to model the new materials from recycled post industrial polymer rejects by molecular modeling methods was investigated by comparison of the results obtained from the simulation process and the experiments.

Laura Martinelli; Sabino Sinesi; Alessio Baron Toaldo; Maurizio Fermeglia; Paola Posocco; Tomasz Szczurek; Marek Kozlowski

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Image-based building modeling.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Image-based modeling is the process of converting 2D images of the real world into digital 3D models in computer. Among myriad kinds of objects in (more)

Xiao, Jianxiong

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

Real-world data modeling  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Capturing the value in real-world data requires more than fitting trivial models or visually exploring the data. Rather, we must efficiently isolate driving variables, confirm or reject potential outliers and build models which are both accurate and ...

Mark Kotanchek

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

3D Modeling with Silhouettes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a new sketch-based modeling approach in which models are interactively designed by drawing their 2D silhouettes from different views. The core idea of our paper is to limit the input to 2D silhouettes, removing ...

Rivers, Alec Rothmyer

458

Physical system modeling with Modelica  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A new language, called ModelicaTM, for the modeling of physical systems has been developed in an international effort. The main objective was to make it easy to exchange models and model libraries. The design approach builds on non-causal modeling with true ordinary differential and algebraic equations and the use of object-oriented constructs to facilitate the reuse of modeling knowledge. There are already several modeling languages based on these ideas, available from universities and small companies. There is also significant experience of using them in various applications. The aim of the Modelica effort was to unify the concepts and to design a new uniform language for model representation. The paper describes the effort, gives an overview of Modelica, and demonstrates how Modelica is used in real-world applications: modeling of an automatic gearbox and of a heat exchanger.

Sven Erik Mattsson; Hilding Elmqvist; Martin Otter

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

Testing Simple Models of ENSO  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The realistic simulation of El NioSouthern Oscillation (ENSO) by the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), coupled atmosphereocean general circulation model (CGCM) is used to test two simple theoretical models of the phenomenon: the ...

Carlos R. Mechoso; J. David Neelin; Jin-Yi Yu

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

The MAGS Integrated Modeling System  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Mackenzie GEWEX Study (MAGS) integrated modeling system was developed to couple, with full feedback, selected atmospheric and hydrologic models, with the expectation that the imposed consistency will enhan...

E. D. (Ric) Soulis; Frank R. Seglenieks

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "modeling changzheng liu" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Geologic Framework Model (GFM2000)  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this report is to document the geologic framework model, version GFM2000 with regard to input data, modeling methods, assumptions, uncertainties, limitations, and validation of the model results, and the differences between GFM2000 and previous versions. The version number of this model reflects the year during which the model was constructed. This model supersedes the previous model version, documented in Geologic Framework Model (GFM 3.1) (CRWMS M&O 2000 [DIRS 138860]). The geologic framework model represents a three-dimensional interpretation of the geology surrounding the location of the monitored geologic repository for spent nuclear fuel and high-level radioactive waste at Yucca Mountain. The geologic framework model encompasses and is limited to an area of 65 square miles (168 square kilometers) and a volume of 185 cubic miles (771 cubic kilometers). The boundaries of the geologic framework model (shown in Figure 1-1) were chosen to encompass the exploratory boreholes and to provide a geologic framework over the area of interest for hydrologic flow and radionuclide transport modeling through the unsaturated zone (UZ). The upper surface of the model is made up of the surface topography and the depth of the model is constrained by the inferred depth of the Tertiary-Paleozoic unconformity. The geologic framework model was constructed from geologic map and borehole data. Additional information from measured stratigraphic sections, gravity profiles, and seismic profiles was also considered. The intended use of the geologic framework model is to provide a geologic framework over the area of interest consistent with the level of detailed needed for hydrologic flow and radionuclide transport modeling through the UZ and for repository design. The model is limited by the availability of data and relative amount of geologic complexity found in an area. The geologic framework model is inherently limited by scale and content. The grid spacing used in the geologic framework model (200 feet [61 meters]), discussed in Section 6.4.2, limits the size of features that can be resolved by the model but is appropriate for the distribution of data available and its intended use. Uncertainty and limitations are discussed in Section 6.6 and model validation is discussed in Section 7.

T. Vogt

2004-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

462

Business Model Guide Executive Summary  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Business Model Guide Executive Summary by the U.S. Department of Energy's Better Buildings Neighborhood Program.

463

Copula Based Hierarchical Bayesian Models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

WITH THE SAME MARGINAL AND CONDITIONAL LINK . 9 III.1. Random effects model . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 III.1.1. Logistic link with bridge random effects . . . . . 15 III.1.2. Log-log link with positive stable random effects . 19 III.1.3. Logistic... probabilities for models of various order . . . . . . . . . . . 58 8. Comparison among various mixture-copula models . . . . . . . . . . 59 9. DIC, AAPE and AAD for the two competing models . . . . . . . . . 93 10. Posterior summary of parameters for the two...

Ghosh, Souparno

2010-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

464

Simulation Modeling of Estuarine Ecosystems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A simulation model has been developed of Galveston Bay, Texas ecosystem. Secondary productivity measured by harvestable species...

Robert W. Johnson

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

New Model for Amorphous Magnetism  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We propose a new model for magnetism in an amorphous material. The model is particularly appropriate for rare-earth compounds such as TbF2. It is a Heisenberg model in which each ionic spin is subjected to a local anisotropy field of random orientation. We discuss the magnetic properties of two simple ionic configurations, and show that the model is in qualitative agreement with the experimental data.

R. Harris; M. Plischke; M. J. Zuckermann

1973-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

466

Introduction Cognitive Models of Science  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Introduction Cognitive Models of Science Ronald N. Giere MINNESOTA STUDIES IN THE PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE VOLUME XV Cognitive Models of Science RONALD N. GIERE, EDITOR Terms and Conditions: You may use://www.upress.umn.edu/Books/K/kellert_scientific.html http://www.mcps.umn.edu #12;#12;Cognitive Models of Science, Volume XV RONALD N. GIERE UNIVERSITY

Janssen, Michel

467

Modelling the global coastal ocean  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...by the present generation of Earth system models, both in terms of resolution...Friedlingstein et al. 2001). These Earth system models invariably give a very poor...the current generation of Earth system models is a long way from resolving...

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Bianchi Models with Chaplygin Gas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Einstein Gravitational Field Equations (EFE) of Chaplygin gas dominated Bianchi-type models are obtained by using metric approximation. The solutions of equations for a special case, namely Bianchi I model which is a generalization of isotropic Friedmann-Robertson-Walker (FRW) cosmology, are obtained. The early and late behaviours of some kinematic parameters in model are presented in graphically.

Glin; Uluyazi; zgr Sevinc

2012-09-13T23:59:59.000Z

469

Regions in Energy Market Models  

SciTech Connect

This report explores the different options for spatial resolution of an energy market model--and the advantages and disadvantages of models with fine spatial resolution. It examines different options for capturing spatial variations, considers the tradeoffs between them, and presents a few examples from one particular model that has been run at different levels of spatial resolution.

Short, W.

2007-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

Compositional Receptor Modeling Dean Billheimer  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

regarding presence or absence of chemical tracers. I illustrate this approach by modeling air pollution data-Roche for providing the Juneau, AK air pollution data. 1 #12;1 Introduction to Source Receptor Modeling Air quality these issues by analyzing pollution concentrations measured in ambient air. These models aim to identify pol

Washington at Seattle, University of

471

Modeling & Simulation - GCTool  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

GCTool Computer Model Helps Focus Fuel Cell Vehicle Research Somewhere near Detroit, an automotive engineer stares at the ceiling, wondering how to squeeze 1% more efficiency out of the fuel cell reformer she's been working on. Never mind 5% more from the next component on her list. Computer software, such as Argonne's GCTool, lets designers "try out" different system configurations, without the expense and delays of actually building numerous prototypes. Our engineer could learn that she's been worrying about the wrong thing. Argonne systems analysts have shown that in fuel cell systems for vehicles, more is not always better. For example, increasing the efficiency of the fuel processor (the component that converts hydrocarbon fuel into hydrogen for the fuel cell) may actually lower the overall system efficiency. "They go in opposite directions. You can make the fuel processor more efficient, but that's because you're stealing energy from somewhere else in the system," says Argonne's Romesh Kumar, who leads Argonne's fuel cell modeling efforts.

472

The standard model  

SciTech Connect

In these lectures, my aim is to provide a survey of the standard model with emphasis on its renormalizability and electroweak radiative corrections. Since this is a school, I will try to be somewhat pedagogical by providing examples of loop calculations. In that way, I hope to illustrate some of the commonly employed tools of particle physics. With those goals in mind, I have organized my presentations as follows: In Section 2, renormalization is discussed from an applied perspective. The technique of dimensional regularization is described and used to define running couplings and masses. The utility of the renormalization group for computing leading logs is illustrated for the muon anomalous magnetic moment. In Section 3 electroweak radiative corrections are discussed. Standard model predictions are surveyed and used to constrain the top quark mass. The S, T, and U parameters are introduced and employed to probe for ``new physics``. The effect of Z{prime} bosons on low energy phenomenology is described. In Section 4, a detailed illustration of electroweak radiative corrections is given for atomic parity violation. Finally, in Section 5, I conclude with an outlook for the future.

Marciano, W.J.

1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

Advanced Chemistry Basins Model  

SciTech Connect

The DOE-funded Advanced Chemistry Basin model project is intended to develop a public domain, user-friendly basin modeling software under PC or low end workstation environment that predicts hydrocarbon generation, expulsion, migration and chemistry. The main features of the software are that it will: (1) afford users the most flexible way to choose or enter kinetic parameters for different maturity indicators; (2) afford users the most flexible way to choose or enter compositional kinetic parameters to predict hydrocarbon composition (e.g., gas/oil ratio (GOR), wax content, API gravity, etc.) at different kerogen maturities; (3) calculate the chemistry, fluxes and physical properties of all hydrocarbon phases (gas, liquid and solid) along the primary and secondary migration pathways of the basin and predict the location and intensity of phase fractionation, mixing, gas washing, etc.; and (4) predict the location and intensity of de-asphaltene processes. The project has be operative for 36 months, and is on schedule for a successful completion at the end of FY 2003.

William Goddard; Mario Blanco; Lawrence Cathles; Paul Manhardt; Peter Meulbroek; Yongchun Tang

2002-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

474

Regional Economic Models, Inc. (REMI) Model | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Regional Economic Models, Inc. (REMI) Model Regional Economic Models, Inc. (REMI) Model Jump to: navigation, search LEDSGP green logo.png FIND MORE DIA TOOLS This tool is part of the Development Impacts Assessment (DIA) Toolkit from the LEDS Global Partnership. Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: REMI Agency/Company /Organization: Regional Economic Models Inc. Sector: Energy Focus Area: Transportation Phase: Determine Baseline, Develop Goals Topics: Baseline projection, GHG inventory, Pathways analysis Resource Type: Software/modeling tools User Interface: Desktop Application Complexity/Ease of Use: Moderate Website: www.remi.com/ Cost: Paid References: http://www.remi.com/index.php?page=overview&hl=en_US Related Tools Job and Economic Development Impact Models (JEDI) The Integrated Environmental Strategies Handbook: A Resource Guide for Air Quality Planning

475

Ising model on random networks and the canonical tensor model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We introduce a statistical system on random networks of trivalent vertices for the purpose of studying the canonical tensor model, which is a rank-three tensor model in the canonical formalism. The partition function of the statistical system has a concise expression in terms of integrals, and has the same symmetries as the kinematical ones of the canonical tensor model. We consider the simplest non-trivial case of the statistical system corresponding to the Ising model on random networks, and find that its phase diagram agrees with what is implied by regrading the Hamiltonian vector field of the canonical tensor model with N = 2 as a renormalization group flow. Along the way, we obtain an explicit exact expression of the free energy of the Ising model on random networks in the thermodynamic limit by the Laplace method. This paper provides a new example connecting a model of quantum gravity and a random statistical system.

Sasakura, Naoki

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

Kinetic model for electrorefining, part I: Model development and validation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Electrorefining is the key process of the pryprocessing for treatment of spent nuclear fuels. In the present study, a kinetic model for electrorefining is developed. The model has the capability to predict the kinetic features of materials dissolution/deposition at anodes/cathodes of the electrorefiner and the evolution of the partial currents of the species involved, the potentials of the electrodes, and species concentrations in the molten salt. The model takes into account the changes of the surface areas and the volumes of the electrodes related to materials dissolution and deposition. The model is validated by compared with available experimental data. This article, focusing on the model development and validation, is Part I of the systemic study on development of the pyroprocessing model. Part II of this study will focus on the applications of the model.

Jinsuo Zhang

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

Journal of Asian Electric Vehicles, Volume 9, Number 1, June 2011 Uncontrolled Generation of Traciton Motors in Hybrid Electric Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Traciton Motors in Hybrid Electric Vehicles Xiaofeng Ding 1 , Jinglin Liu 2 , and Chris Mi 3 1 Department Generation of Traciton Motors in Hybrid Electric Vehicles 1460 2. SIMPLE ANALYTICAL MODEL OF UCG 2.1 ModelJournal of Asian Electric Vehicles, Volume 9, Number 1, June 2011 1459 Uncontrolled Generation

Mi, Chunting "Chris"

478

Mechanics of hydrogen storage in carbon nanotubes Y.L. Chen a  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mechanics of hydrogen storage in carbon nanotubes Y.L. Chen a , B. Liu a,?, J. Wu a , Y. Huang b 17 July 2008 Keywords: Hydrogen storage Carbon nanotube Continuum model Analytical solution Atomistic simulations a b s t r a c t A continuum mechanics model is established for hydrogen storage in single

Jiang, Hanqing

479

World IMACS / MODSIM Congress, Cairns, Australia 13-17 July 2009 http://mssanz.org.au/modsim09  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Keywords: Land surface models, evapotranspiration, latent heat flux, satellite remote sensing Comparison of latent heat flux estimates over Australia Matthew F. McCabe1 , Yi Y. Liu1 , Raghuveer Vinukollu from such data do not contribute to model assessment and calibration. This study compares latent heat

Evans, Jason

480

Asymptotic Expansions for Moments of Skew-Normal Extremes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

parameter R (written as X SN()) if its probability density function (pdf) is f(x) = 2(x)(x), - and Alam, 2011); population structure of Schima superba in Qingliangfeng National Nature Reserve (Liu et al-Mreri, 2011); modeling of seasonal rainfall in Africa (Siebert and Ward, 2011); modeling of HIV viral loads

Sidorov, Nikita

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "modeling changzheng liu" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Rates of Convergence of Extremes from Skew Normal Samples  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

a standard skew-normal distribution with shape parameter R (written as X SN()) if its probability density); population structure of Schima superba in Qingliangfeng National Nature Reserve (Liu et al., 2011); rain); modeling of seasonal rainfall in Africa (Siebert and Ward, 2011); modeling of HIV viral loads

Sidorov, Nikita

482

Model documentation report: Transportation sector model of the National Energy Modeling System  

SciTech Connect

This report documents the objectives, analytical approach and development of the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) Transportation Model (TRAN). The report catalogues and describes the model assumptions, computational methodology, parameter estimation techniques, model source code, and forecast results generated by the model. This document serves three purposes. First, it is a reference document providing a detailed description of TRAN for model analysts, users, and the public. Second, this report meets the legal requirements of the Energy Information Administration (EIA) to provide adequate documentation in support of its statistical and forecast reports (Public Law 93-275, 57(b)(1)). Third, it permits continuity in model development by providing documentation from which energy analysts can undertake model enhancements, data updates, and parameter refinements.

Not Available

1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

Storage Business Model White Paper  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Storage Business Model White Paper Storage Business Model White Paper Summary June 11 2013 Storage Business Model White Paper - Purpose  Identify existing business models for investors/operators, utilities, end users  Discuss alignment of storage "value proposition" with existing market designs and regulatory paradigms  Difficulties in realizing wholesale market product revenue streams for distributed storage - the "bundled applications" problem  Discuss risks/barriers to storage adoption and where existing risk mitigation measures fall down  Recommendations for policy/research steps - Alternative business models - Accelerated research into life span and failure modes

484

Inventory of state energy models  

SciTech Connect

These models address a variety of purposes, such as supply or demand of energy or of certain types of energy, emergency management of energy, conservation in end uses of energy, and economic factors. Fifty-one models are briefly described as to: purpose; energy system; applications;status; validation; outputs by sector, energy type, economic and physical units, geographic area, and time frame; structure and modeling techniques; submodels; working assumptions; inputs; data sources; related models; costs; references; and contacts. Discussions in the report include: project purposes and methods of research, state energy modeling in general, model types and terminology, and Federal legislation to which state modeling is relevant. Also, a state-by-state listing of modeling efforts is provided and other model inventories are identified. The report includes a brief encylopedia of terms used in energy models. It is assumed that many readers of the report will not be experienced in the technical aspects of modeling. The project was accomplished by telephone conversations and document review by a team from the Colorado School of Mines Research Institute and the faculty of the Colorado School of Mines. A Technical Committee (listed in the report) provided advice during the course of the project.

Melcher, A.G.; Gist, R.L.; Underwood, R.G.; Weber, J.C.

1980-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

485

VEMAP 2: Selected Model Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Model Results Model Results The ORNL DAAC announces the release of two data sets from Phase 2 of the Vegetation/Ecosystem Modeling and Analysis Project (VEMAP). The two data sets contain monthly and annual results, respectively, from experiments conducted to compare the ecological responses of the suite of VEMAP models to projected transient scenarios of climate and atmospheric carbon dioxide for the period 1994 to 2100. The models investigated included five biogeochemical cycling models, which simulate plant production and nutrient cycles but rely on a static land-cover type, and two dynamic global vegetation models (DGVMs), which combine biogeochemical cycling processes with dynamic biogeographical processes including succession and fire simulation. VEMAP was an international project studying the response of biogeochemical

486

Application of Improved Radiation Modeling to General Circulation Models  

SciTech Connect

This research has accomplished its primary objectives of developing accurate and efficient radiation codes, validating them with measurements and higher resolution models, and providing these advancements to the global modeling community to enhance the treatment of cloud and radiative processes in weather and climate prediction models. A critical component of this research has been the development of the longwave and shortwave broadband radiative transfer code for general circulation model (GCM) applications, RRTMG, which is based on the single-column reference code, RRTM, also developed at AER. RRTMG is a rigorously tested radiation model that retains a considerable level of accuracy relative to higher resolution models and measurements despite the performance enhancements that have made it possible to apply this radiation code successfully to global dynamical models. This model includes the radiative effects of all significant atmospheric gases, and it treats the absorption and scattering from liquid and ice clouds and aerosols. RRTMG also includes a statistical technique for representing small-scale cloud variability, such as cloud fraction and the vertical overlap of clouds, which has been shown to improve cloud radiative forcing in global models. This development approach has provided a direct link from observations to the enhanced radiative transfer provided by RRTMG for application to GCMs. Recent comparison of existing climate model radiation codes with high resolution models has documented the improved radiative forcing capability provided by RRTMG, especially at the surface, relative to other GCM radiation models. Due to its high accuracy, its connection to observations, and its computational efficiency, RRTMG has been implemented operationally in many national and international dynamical models to provide validated radiative transfer for improving weather forecasts and enhancing the prediction of global climate change.

Michael J Iacono

2011-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

487

Modeling & Simulation - Batteries  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Production of Batteries for Electric and Hybrid Vehicles Production of Batteries for Electric and Hybrid Vehicles battery assessment graph Lithium-ion (Li-ion) batteries are currently being implemented in hybrid electric (HEV), plug-in hybrid electric (PHEV), and electric (EV) vehicles. While nickel metal-hydride will continue to be the battery chemistry of choice for some HEV models, Li-ion will be the dominate battery chemistry of the remaining market share for the near-future. Large government incentives are currently necessary for customer acceptance of the vehicles such as the Chevrolet Volt and Nissan Leaf. Understanding the parameters that control the cost of Li-ion will help researchers and policy makers understand the potential of Li-ion batteries to meet battery energy density and cost goals, thus enabling widespread adoption without incentives.

488

Inhomogeneous critical Ising model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The spectrum of the transfer matrix of a semi-infinite two-dimensional Isin model with marginally inhomogeneous couplings has been determined exactly in the finite-size-scaling limit at the bulk critical point. Depending on the local temperature at the boundary the surface phase transition of this system is either of first order or of second order with nonuniversal critical exponents. For a second-order transition, the excitation energies of the transfer matrix are inversely proportional to the linear size (N) of the system, but the levels are not equidistantly spaced. On the other hand, for a first-order transition the lowest gap vanishes algegraically, but faster than 1/N.

Ferenc Igli

1990-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

489

Modeling cortical circuits.  

SciTech Connect

The neocortex is perhaps the highest region of the human brain, where audio and visual perception takes place along with many important cognitive functions. An important research goal is to describe the mechanisms implemented by the neocortex. There is an apparent regularity in the structure of the neocortex [Brodmann 1909, Mountcastle 1957] which may help simplify this task. The work reported here addresses the problem of how to describe the putative repeated units ('cortical circuits') in a manner that is easily understood and manipulated, with the long-term goal of developing a mathematical and algorithmic description of their function. The approach is to reduce each algorithm to an enhanced perceptron-like structure and describe its computation using difference equations. We organize this algorithmic processing into larger structures based on physiological observations, and implement key modeling concepts in software which runs on parallel computing hardware.

Rohrer, Brandon Robinson; Rothganger, Fredrick H.; Verzi, Stephen J.; Xavier, Patrick Gordon

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

Modeling Turbulent Flow  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Turbulent Turbulent Flow with Implicit LES L.G. Margolin 1 Proceedings of the Joint Russian-American Five Laboratory Conference on Computational Mathematics/Physics 19-23 June, 2005 Vienna, Austria 1 Applied Physics Division, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM 87545, len@lanl.gov 1 Abstract Implicit large eddy simulation (ILES) is a methodology for modeling high Reynolds' num- ber flows that combines computational efficiency and ease of implementation with predictive calculations and flexible application. Although ILES has been used for more than fifteen years, it is only recently that significant effort has gone into providing a physical rationale that speaks to its capabilities and its limitations. In this talk, we will present new theoret- ical results aimed toward building a justification and discuss some remaining gaps in our understanding and our practical

491

Handling model uncertainty in model predictive control for energy efficient buildings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to apply to other building modeling practices. 2. Wemodel 3.1. Mathematical modeling Building models proposed inMore details of building thermal modeling and estimation of

Maasoumy, Mehdi; Razmara, M; Shahbakhti, M; Sangiovanni-Vincentelli, Alberto

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

492

Radiolysis Model Formulation for Integration with the Mixed Potential Model  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Department of Energy Office of Nuclear Energy (DOE-NE), Office of Fuel Cycle Technology has established the Used Fuel Disposition Campaign (UFDC) to conduct the research and development activities related to storage, transportation, and disposal of used nuclear fuel (UNF) and high-level radioactive waste. Within the UFDC, the components for a general system model of the degradation and subsequent transport of UNF is being developed to analyze the performance of disposal options [Sassani et al., 2012]. Two model components of the near-field part of the problem are the ANL Mixed Potential Model and the PNNL Radiolysis Model. This report is in response to the desire to integrate the two models as outlined in [Buck, E.C, J.L. Jerden, W.L. Ebert, R.S. Wittman, (2013) Coupling the Mixed Potential and Radiolysis Models for Used Fuel Degradation, FCRD-UFD-2013-000290, M3FT-PN0806058

Buck, Edgar C.; Wittman, Richard S.

2014-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

493

Droplet Number Prediction in the NCAR Community Atmosphere Model Steven Ghan Pacific Northwest National Laboratory  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Semi-Direct Aerosol Campaign: Semi-Direct Aerosol Campaign: The Influence of Arctic Aerosol on Clouds G. McFarquhar, S. Ghan, J. Verlinde, B. Schmid, J. Tomlinson, J. Hubbe, D. Ronfeld, S. Brooks, D. Collins, D. Cziczo, M. Dubey, M. Gilles, I. Gultepe, G. Kok, A. Korolev, A. Laskin, P. Lawson, P. Liu, C. Mazzoleni, A. Macdonald, R. Moffet, W. Strapp, M. Wolde, A. Zelenyuk, C. Flynn, D. Lubin, M. Shupe, D. Turner M. Ovchinnikov, S. Xie, H. Morrison & A. Soloman Key Issues 1. How do properties of arctic aerosol in April differ from those measured in October during the Mixed Phase Arctic Cloud Experiment (M-PACE)? 2. To what extent do different properties of arctic aerosol during April produce differences in cloud microphysical and macrophysical properties and the surface energy balance?

494

MODEL SELECTION FOR SPECTROPOLARIMETRIC INVERSIONS  

SciTech Connect

Inferring magnetic and thermodynamic information from spectropolarimetric observations relies on the assumption of a parameterized model atmosphere whose parameters are tuned by comparison with observations. Often, the choice of the underlying atmospheric model is based on subjective reasons. In other cases, complex models are chosen based on objective reasons (for instance, the necessity to explain asymmetries in the Stokes profiles) but it is not clear what degree of complexity is needed. The lack of an objective way of comparing models has, sometimes, led to opposing views of the solar magnetism because the inferred physical scenarios are essentially different. We present the first quantitative model comparison based on the computation of the Bayesian evidence ratios for spectropolarimetric observations. Our results show that there is not a single model appropriate for all profiles simultaneously. Data with moderate signal-to-noise ratios (S/Ns) favor models without gradients along the line of sight. If the observations show clear circular and linear polarization signals above the noise level, models with gradients along the line are preferred. As a general rule, observations with large S/Ns favor more complex models. We demonstrate that the evidence ratios correlate well with simple proxies. Therefore, we propose to calculate these proxies when carrying out standard least-squares inversions to allow for model comparison in the future.

Asensio Ramos, A.; Manso Sainz, R.; Martinez Gonzalez, M. J.; Socas-Navarro, H. [Instituto de Astrofisica de Canarias, E-38205, La Laguna, Tenerife (Spain); Viticchie, B. [ESA/ESTEC RSSD, Keplerlaan 1, 2200 AG Noordwijk (Netherlands); Orozco Suarez, D., E-mail: aasensio@iac.es [National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, Mitaka, Tokyo 181-8588 (Japan)

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

495

UZ Flow Models and Submodels  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this report is to document the unsaturated zone (UZ) flow models and submodels, as well as the flow fields that have been generated using the UZ flow model(s) of Yucca Mountain, Nevada. In this report, the term ''UZ model'' refers to the UZ flow model and the several submodels, which include tracer transport, temperature or ambient geothermal, pneumatic or gas flow, and geochemistry (chloride, calcite, and strontium) submodels. The term UZ flow model refers to the three-dimensional models used for calibration and simulation of UZ flow fields. This work was planned in the ''Technical Work Plan (TWP) for: Unsaturated Zone Flow Analysis and Model Report Integration'' (BSC 2004 [DIRS 169654], Section 1.2.7). The table of included Features, Events, and Processes (FEPs), Table 6.2-11, is different from the list of included FEPs assigned to this report in the ''Technical Work Plan for: Unsaturated Zone Flow Analysis and Model Report Integration'' (BSC 2004 [DIRS 169654], Table 2.1.5-1), as discussed in Section 6.2.6. The UZ model has revised, updated, and enhanced the previous UZ model (BSC 2001 [DIRS 158726]) by incorporating the repository design with new grids, recalibration of property sets, and more comprehensive validation effort. The flow fields describe fracture-fracture, matrix-matrix, and fracture-matrix liquid flow rates, and their spatial distributions as well as moisture conditions in the UZ system. These three-dimensional UZ flow fields are used directly by Total System Performance Assessment (TSPA). The model and submodels evaluate important hydrogeologic processes in the UZ as well as geochemistry and geothermal conditions. These provide the necessary framework to test hypotheses of flow and transport at different scales, and predict flow and transport behavior under a variety of climatic conditions. In addition, the limitations of the UZ model are discussed in Section 8.11.

Y. Wu

2004-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

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E-Print Network (OSTI)

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Bell, S. T.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

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