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Sample records for modeling changzheng liu

  1. Numerical Study of Noise Shielding by Airframe Structures Changzheng Huang*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Papamoschou, Dimitri

    Numerical Study of Noise Shielding by Airframe Structures Changzheng Huang* and Dimitri Papamoschou-quiet advent aircraft that use jet noise shielding by the airframe. Current methods to predict shielding from predictive tools for jet noise shielding therefore requires a different approach. In this study we use

  2. Tamper and Leakage Resilience in the Split-State Model Feng-Hao Liu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    Tamper and Leakage Resilience in the Split-State Model Feng-Hao Liu Brown University fenghao to create hardware that is immune from side channel and tampering attacks. A lot of recent literature to algorithmically secure any cryptographic functionality from continual split-state leakage and tampering attacks

  3. Protein Quaternary Fold Recognition Using Conditional Graphical Models Yan Liu Jaime Carbonell

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carbonell, Jaime

    Protein Quaternary Fold Recognition Using Conditional Graphical Models Yan Liu Jaime Carbonell 02139 pweigele@mit.edu Abstract Protein fold recognition is a crucial step in infer- ring biological structural folds, which consist of multiple protein chains that form chemical bonds among side chains

  4. Two-level Stochastic Fluid Tandem Queuing Model for Burst Impact Yong Huang, Yong Liu, Weibo Gong, Don Towsley

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    , Weibo Gong, Don Towsley Abstract-- Queuing analysis is important in providing guid- ing principles are modeled as continuous fluid. The continuous nature of fluid makes Yong Huang and Weibo Gong, gong@ecs.umass.edu. Yong Liu is with the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Polytechnic

  5. Automated Modelling of Cartridge Valve Flow Mapping Song Liu and Bin Yao

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yao, Bin

    significantly saving energy usage. Unlike costly conventional four-way valves, the cartridge valve has simple poppet-type cartridge valves are the key elements of the energy saving programmable valves, which have and practicality of the proposed novel automated modelling method. I. INTRODUCTION The energy saving programmable

  6. Neutron Star Matter Including Delta Isobars Guang-Zhou Liu1,2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xu, Ren-Xin

    Neutron Star Matter Including Delta Isobars Guang-Zhou Liu1,2 , Wei Liu1 and En-Guang Zhao2 1 a new phase structure of neutron star matter including nucleons and delta isobars is presented. Particle fractions populated and pion condensations in neutron star matter are investgated in this model

  7. Samuel H. Liu | ornl.gov

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Samuel H. Liu (1988) March 05, 2014 For fundamental contributions to many areas of theoretical solid-state physics that directly relate to experimental programs, including the...

  8. Chain T. Liu | ornl.gov

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Dr. C. T. Liu received his B.S. degree in mechanical engineering from National Taiwan University and his M.S. and Ph.D. degrees in materials science from Brown University....

  9. Pricing Data Center Demand Response Zhenhua Liu, Iris Liu, Steven Low, Adam Wierman

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Low, Steven H.

    Pricing Data Center Demand Response Zhenhua Liu, Iris Liu, Steven Low, Adam Wierman California Institute of Technology Pasadena, CA, USA {zliu2,iliu,slow,adamw}@caltech.edu ABSTRACT Demand response- ularly promising industry for demand response: data centers. We use simulations to show that, not only

  10. Bobby Liu Joins NERSC as Postdoctoral Fellow - NERSC Center News...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    31, 2011 bobby.jpg WangYi (Bobby) Liu, Computational Postdoctoral Fellow As a new NERSC Computational Science Postdoctoral Fellow, WangYi "Bobby" Liu will be working with the...

  11. Liu UCD Phy9B 07 1 Ch 35. Interference

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yoo, S. J. Ben

    Liu UCD Phy9B 07 1 Ch 35. Interference #12;Liu UCD Phy9B 07 2 35-1. Interference & Coherence #12;Liu UCD Phy9B 07 4 35-2. Two Source Interference of Light Thomas Young's experiment (1800... Spacing between adjacent maxima /minima: R/d (R>>d, R>>ym) #12;Liu UCD Phy9B 07 6 35-3. Intensity

  12. Noise Estimation from a Single Image Ce Liu William T. Freeman

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Freeman, William T.

    Noise Estimation from a Single Image Ce Liu William T. Freeman CS and AI Lab, MIT {celiu to the image noise level, making it an important quantity to es- timate. We show how to estimate an upper bound on the noise level from a single image based on a piecewise smooth image prior model and measured CCD camera

  13. BrowseRank: Letting Web Users Vote for Page Importance Yuting Liu*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ma, Zhi-Ming

    BrowseRank: Letting Web Users Vote for Page Importance Yuting Liu* School of Science Beijing is to exploit the link graph of the web and to build a model based on that graph. For instance, Page added and deleted by web con- tent creators. In this paper, we propose computing page impor- tance

  14. POP: Person Re-Identification Post-Rank Optimisation Chunxiao Liu1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Jianwei

    POP: Person Re-Identification Post-Rank Optimisation Chunxiao Liu1 , Chen Change Loy2 , Shaogang-rank OPtimisation (POP) method, which allows a user to quickly refine their search by either "one-shot" or a couple- of-the-art distance metric learning based ranking models, even with just "one shot" feedback

  15. Learning Bicycle Stunts C. Karen Liu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Turk, Greg

    Learning Bicycle Stunts Jie Tan Yuting Gu C. Karen Liu Greg Turk Georgia Institute that is riding a bicycle. The two main components of our system are offline learning and online simulation. We sim- ulate the bicycle and the rider as an articulated rigid body system. The rider is controlled

  16. LiU E-Press Newsletter Autumn, 2008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhao, Yuxiao

    to Increase Biogas Yields by Anders Ek was one of the winners. For more information about LiU E-Press and how

  17. On the Capacity of Hybrid Wireless Networks Benyuan Liu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    On the Capacity of Hybrid Wireless Networks Benyuan Liu , Zhen Liu + , Don Towsley Department 704 Yorktown Heights, NY 10598 Abstract-- We study the throughput capacity of hybrid wireless networks stations are assumed to be connected by a high-bandwidth wired network and act as relays for wireless nodes

  18. LiU E-Press Newsletter Spring, 2008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhao, Yuxiao

    LiU E-Press Newsletter Spring, 2008 http://www.ep.liu.se/ Publication Database Joins E-Press to spread the results is via electronic publishing at E- Press. Ideally, full articles are published, but power-point presentations are also possible. Beyond basic publish- ing, E-Press also offers our article

  19. Rui Liu | Photosynthetic Antenna Research Center

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust, High-Throughput Analysis of Protein Structures PrintRooftopRotaryMargaretRecentRui Liu

  20. Liu, Rees and Spitler. 1 Simulation of a Geothermal Bridge Deck Anti-icing System and Experimental Validation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Rees and Spitler. 1 Simulation of a Geothermal Bridge Deck Anti-icing System and Experimental and a ground-coupled heat pump system with vertical borehole heat exchangers as a heat source. The models pumps that, in turn, extract heat with the ground via vertical U-tube borehole heat exchangers (Fig.1

  1. Snowball prevention questioned Arising from: W. R. Peltier, Y. Liu & J. W. Crowley Nature 450, 813818 (2007)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schrag, Daniel

    2007-01-01

    Snowball prevention questioned Arising from: W. R. Peltier, Y. Liu & J. W. Crowley Nature 450, 813 carbon cycle­climate model, Peltier et al.2 propose that temperature- dependent remineralization fall short of explaining the geological evidence in the absence of global glaciation. Peltier et al.2

  2. Active control of the resistive wall mode with power saturation Li Li, Yue Liu, and Yueqiang Liu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu2 1 School of Physics and Optoelectronic Technology, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian. The RWM is also often present in the reversed field pinch (RFP) devices, where the mode onset often

  3. UNIFORM PROOFS OF q-SERIES-PRODUCT IDENTITIES SARACHAI KONGSIRIWONG AND ZHI-GUO LIU

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    UNIFORM PROOFS OF q-SERIES-PRODUCT IDENTITIES SARACHAI KONGSIRIWONG AND ZHI-GUO LIU Abstract Bruce C. Berndt for his helpful guidance. 1 #12;2 SARACHAI KONGSIRIWONG AND ZHI-GUO LIU we use this idea

  4. UNIFORM PROOFS OF q-SERIES-PRODUCT IDENTITIES SARACHAI KONGSIRIWONG AND ZHI-GUO LIU

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    AND ZHI-GUO LIU Abstract. In this paper we give a simple proof of the Jacobi triple produ* *ct. 1 #12; 2 SARACHAI KONGSIRIWONG AND ZHI-GUO LIU we use this idea and the triple

  5. TT Liu, BE280A, UCSD, Fall 2006 Bioengineering 280A

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Thomas T.

    velocity and speed of sound are not the same! TT Liu, BE280A, UCSD, Fall 2006 Acoustic Wave Equation ! "2 p Color Doppler Imaging #12;8 TT Liu, BE280A, UCSD, Fall 2006 Acoustic Waves Suetens 2002 TT Liu, BE280A Outward wave #12;11 TT Liu, BE280A, UCSD, Fall 2006 Acoustic Intensity ! I = pv = p2 Z Also called

  6. Linkping University Electronic Press Electronic Publication of a Thesis with LiU Electronic Press

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhao, Yuxiao

    Linköping University Electronic Press Electronic Publication of a Thesis with LiU Electronic Press with LiU E-Press. In individual cases where there are complications because of e.g. copyright on the world wide web by Linköping University Electronic Press (www.ep.liu.se). In so doing, I certify

  7. Improved Indoor Tracking Based on Generalized t-Distribution Noise Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shuo, Liu; Le, Yin; Khuen, Ho Weng; Voon, Ling Keck

    2015-01-01

    t distribution noise model. Industrial & EngineeringGeneralized t -Distribution Noise Model Liu Shuo Yin Le Hogeneralized t-distribution noise model based on influence

  8. Enhancement of proton energy by polarization switch in laser acceleration of multi-ion Tung-Chang Liu, Xi Shao, Chuan-Sheng Liu, Bengt Eliasson, Jyhpyng Wang, and Shih-Hung Chen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -Chang Liu, Xi Shao, Chuan-Sheng Liu, Bengt Eliasson, Jyhpyng Wang, and Shih-Hung Chen Citation: Physics by polarization switch in laser acceleration of multi-ion foils Tung-Chang Liu,1,a) Xi Shao,1 Chuan-Sheng Liu,1

  9. Ping Liu PhD FRIDAY, FEB. 8, 2013 3:30PM to 4:30PM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    staff at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL). At NREL, Dr. Liu conducted research in thin

  10. Shear velocity as the function of frequency in heavy oils De-hua Han and Jiajin Liu, Rock Physics Lab, UH;

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shear velocity as the function of frequency in heavy oils De-hua Han and Jiajin Liu, Rock Physics of heavy oils is discussed based on the measured data in our lab. Havriliak and Negami (HN) model is suggested to describe the frequency dispersion of heavy oils. Introduction The velocity behavior in heavy

  11. LFucose from Vitamin C with Only Acetonide Protection Zilei Liu,,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    LFucose from Vitamin C with Only Acetonide Protection Zilei Liu,, Akihide Yoshihara,§ Mark R we have used in this new synthesis of L-fucose from vitamin C in 27% overall yield (purification vitamin C 2, a bulk chemical which costs $3-$4 per kg [for 1000 kg].8 Palladium-catalyzed hydrogenation

  12. Emergence of Distributed Engineering Web Services , David Liu2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stanford University

    Emergence of Distributed Engineering Web Services Jun Peng1 , David Liu2 , Jinxing Cheng3 , Charles presents the basic concepts of the web services technology and its potential applications in Civil engineering web services. This paper presents three example applications utilizing some of these protocols

  13. Robust Photo Retrieval Using World Semantics Hugo Liu*, Henry Lieberman*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robust Photo Retrieval Using World Semantics Hugo Liu*, Henry Lieberman* * MIT Media Laboratory Photos annotated with textual keywords can be thought of as resembling documents, and querying for photos motivated rather than conceptually motivated. In our photo domain, we propose a mechanism for robust

  14. Radio Number for Trees Daphne Der-Fen Liu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Daphne Der-Fen

    Radio Number for Trees Daphne Der-Fen Liu Department of Mathematics California State University be a connected graph with diameter diam(G). The radio number for G, denoted by rn(G), is the smallest integer k bound for the radio number of trees, and characterize the trees achiev- ing this bound. Moreover, we

  15. Static Analysis for Dynamic Coupling Measures Yin Liu Ana Milanova

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bystroff, Chris

    Static Analysis for Dynamic Coupling Measures Yin Liu Ana Milanova Department of Computer Science to the computation of dynamic coupling measures. Our approach uses static analysis, in partic- ular class analysis that inex- pensive static analysis may be used as a more convenient, more practical and more precise al

  16. Practical Static Ownership Inference Ana Milanova and Yin Liu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bystroff, Chris

    Practical Static Ownership Inference Ana Milanova and Yin Liu Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute. This paper presents novel static analyses for Java that infers ownership according to two known ownership. This paper presents novel static analyses for Java that infer ownership accord- ing to two well

  17. Big Data: A Survey Min Chen Shiwen Mao Yunhao Liu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Min

    Big Data: A Survey Min Chen · Shiwen Mao · Yunhao Liu © Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014 Abstract In this paper, we review the background and state-of-the-art of big data. We first introduce the general background of big data and review related technologies, such as could computing

  18. On Electromechanical Behaviour of Frog Sartorius Zizhen Liu1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qin, Qinghua

    On Electromechanical Behaviour of Frog Sartorius Muscles Zizhen Liu1 , Zhende Hou2 , Qinghua Qin3-Considering coupled electromechanical properties of biological soft tissues is an innovative characterization of most soft tissues, this paper reports our experimental observation on electromechanical properties of frog

  19. Photochemical Reactivity of Graphene Haitao Liu, Sunmin Ryu,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    semiconductor. A recent study showed that photoge- nerated carriers in graphene first equilibrate amongPhotochemical Reactivity of Graphene Haitao Liu, Sunmin Ryu, Zheyuan Chen, Michael L. Steigerwald a photochemical reaction between graphene and benzoyl peroxide. The reaction introduces spatially localized

  20. JMatch: Java plus Pattern Matching Jed Liu Andrew C. Myers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Keinan, Alon

    JMatch: Java plus Pattern Matching Jed Liu Andrew C. Myers Computer Science Department Cornell University Abstract The JMatch language extends Java with iterable abstract pattern matching, pattern matching that is compatible with the data abstraction features of Java and makes iteration ab­ stractions

  1. Building a Repository for Workflow Systems Chengfei Liu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Chengfei

    . The repository technology is introduced in CASE/CAD environments to provide unified access and management of Technology, Sydney NSW 2009, Australia liu@socs.uts.edu.au Xuemin Lin School of Computer Science maria@csee.uq.edu.au Abstract Workflow technology is becoming the key technology for business process

  2. Image Processing and Interface for Retinal Visual Wentai Liu1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arizona, University of

    Image Processing and Interface for Retinal Visual Prostheses Wentai Liu1 , Wolfgang Fink2 , Mark of pixels/electrodes of a retinal implant may restore low-resolution vision for unaided mobility and large print reading. We describe the real-time application of image processing techniques such as contrast

  3. A Power Provision and Capping Architecture for Large Scale Systems Yongpeng Liu, Hong Zhu, Kai Lu and Yongyan Liu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhu, Hong

    and Yongyan Liu School of Computer Science, National University of Defense Technology, Changsha, P solutions. The experiments demonstrated that the new architecture can ensure power usage safety with only amount of energy. According to the recent TOP500 list of high performance systems [2], the average power

  4. CRAWLING DEEP WEB CONTENT THROUGH QUERY FORMS Jun Liu, Zhaohui Wu, Lu Jiang, Qinghua Zheng, Xiao Liu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shamos, Michael I.

    CRAWLING DEEP WEB CONTENT THROUGH QUERY FORMS Jun Liu, Zhaohui Wu, Lu Jiang, Qinghua Zheng, Xiao: Deep Web, Deep Web Surfacing, Minimum Executable Pattern, Adaptive Query Abstract: This paper proposes-based Deep Web adaptive query method. The query method extends query interface from single textbox to MEP set

  5. Engineering nanostructured electrodes away from equilibrium for lithium-ion Yanyi Liu, Dawei Liu, Qifeng Zhang and Guozhong Cao*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cao, Guozhong

    Engineering nanostructured electrodes away from equilibrium for lithium-ion batteries Yanyi Liu chapter. His specific research project is focused on nanostructured elec- trodes for efficient lithium ion materials, Li-ion batteries have achieved significant progress in energy storage performance since

  6. Synthesis of amino acid derivatives of indole-3-acetic acid Ying Liu*, Liang Zhao, Liang Liu, Lin-Yi Wei and Lu-Hua Lai*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Luhua, Lai

    Synthesis of amino acid derivatives of indole-3-acetic acid Ying Liu*, Liang Zhao, Liang Liu, Lin, Beijing, 100871, China Amino acid derivatives of a modified indole-3-acetic acid have been synthesised on the IR, 1H NMR, MS spectra. Keywords: indole-3-acetic acid, amino acid, dipeptide-like compound Indole-3

  7. TT Liu, BE280A, UCSD, Fall 2004 Bioengineering 280A

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Thomas T.

    ;8 TT Liu, BE280A, UCSD, Fall 2004 Acoustic Waves Suetens 2002 TT Liu, BE280A, UCSD, Fall 2004 Acoustic Wave Equation 2 p = 2 x2 + 2 y2 + 2 z2 p = 1 c2 2 p t2 Solutions are of the form p(x,t) = A1 f1(x -ct) + A2 f2(x +ct) Seutens 2002Seutens 2002 #12;9 TT Liu, BE280A, UCSD, Fall 2004 Acoustic Wave

  8. TT Liu, BE280A, UCSD, Fall 2005 Bioengineering 280A

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Thomas T.

    ;8 TT Liu, BE280A, UCSD, Fall 2005 Acoustic Waves Suetens 2002 TT Liu, BE280A, UCSD, Fall 2005 Acoustic Wave Equation 2 p = 2 x2 + 2 y2 + 2 z2 p = 1 c2 2 p t2 Solutions are of the form p(x,t) = A1 f1(x -ct) + A2 f2(x +ct) Seutens 2002Seutens 2002 #12;9 TT Liu, BE280A, UCSD, Fall 2005 Acoustic Wave

  9. Liu UCD Phy9B 07 1 Ch 20. The Second Law of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yoo, S. J. Ben

    Statements #12;Liu UCD Phy9B 07 9 20-6. Carnot Cycle Carnot engine QH ~ TH QC ~ TC eCarnot =1- |QC/QH|=1- TC Maximum volume rV Compression ratio r (typically 8-10) #12;Liu UCD Phy9B 07 5 Otto Cycle QH=nCV(Tc-Tb) >0 isochoric processes Read about Diesel cycle on your own. #12;Liu UCD Phy9B 07 6 20-4. Refrigerators Here: W

  10. Chun-Hung Liu Jan. 19, 2015

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tan, Chee Wei

    National Chiao Tung University Hsinchu, Taiwan Downlink CoMP in HetNets with Imperfect Overhead Messaging #12;3 What is a Cellular Model Migrating to? · Deterministic models (e.g. grids) are increasingly questionable, and not easy to be calculated. Textbook's grid model Actual 4G macrocell today Marcocells

  11. LiU E-Press Linkoping University Electronic Press 2006-01

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhao, Yuxiao

    LiU E-Press Link¨oping University Electronic Press 2006-01 Erik Sandewall and Peter Berkesand Link¨oping University Electronic Press Activities during 2005 Date of Manuscript: 2006-02-13 Related information can be obtained via the following WWW pages: E-Press Website: The author: http://www.ep.liu.se/ http

  12. UBC Social Ecological Economic Development Studies (SEEDS) Student Report Chris Bandy, Goomin Kwon, Yuankun Liu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to operate the UBC Sustainability program desired to have an investigation into the most sustainable option, Yuankun Liu An Investigation into Optimal Personal Heaters: A Triple Bottom Line Analysis APSC 262 April Investigation into Optimal Personal Heaters: A Triple Bottom Line Analysis Chris Bandy Goomin Kwon Yuankun Liu

  13. Liu UCD Phy9B 07 1 Ch 19. The First Law of Thermodynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yoo, S. J. Ben

    Liu UCD Phy9B 07 1 Ch 19. The First Law of Thermodynamics #12;Liu UCD Phy9B 07 2 19-1. Thermodynamic Systems Thermodynamic system: A system that can interact (and exchange energy) with its surroundings Thermodynamic process: A process in which there are changes in the state of a thermodynamic system

  14. Client-Controlled Slow TCP and Denial of Service Songlin Cai, Yong Liu, Weibo Gong

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Yong

    Client-Controlled Slow TCP and Denial of Service Songlin Cai, Yong Liu, Weibo Gong Abstract of TCP connections available at the server S. Cai and W. Gong are with Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA 01003 (scai, gong@ecs.umass.edu) Y. Liu

  15. Perturbation Analysis for Stochastic Fluid Queueing Systems Yong Liu and Weibo Gong

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Yong

    Perturbation Analysis for Stochastic Fluid Queueing Systems Yong Liu and Weibo Gong Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering University of Massachusetts, Amherst yonliu,gong@ecs.umass.edu Abstract different from ours. A simpler version of this work was first presented in Liu and Gong (1999). · Although

  16. Prospects of graphene electrodes in photovoltaics Yasin Khatami, Wei Liu, Jiahao Kang, and Kaustav Banerjee*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Prospects of graphene electrodes in photovoltaics Yasin Khatami, Wei Liu, Jiahao Kang, and Kaustav, the prospects of graphene for transparent conductors in photovoltaics are discussed. The recent advancements in a controllable manner. Keywords: Graphene, photovoltaics, transparent conductor 1. INTRODUCTION Transparent

  17. A Fast High Utility Itemsets Mining Algorithm Ying Liu Wei-keng Liao Alok Choudhary

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    aspects in a number of real applications, such as retail marketing, network log, etc. The differenceA Fast High Utility Itemsets Mining Algorithm Ying Liu Wei-keng Liao Alok Choudhary Electrical

  18. City University of Hong Kong Liu Bie Ju Centre for Mathematical Sciences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    City University of Hong Kong Liu Bie Ju Centre for Mathematical Sciences International Conference, offers smart and practical choices to make your stay energized and productive. A mere 5-minute walk

  19. TT Liu, BE280A, UCSD, Fall 2005 Bioengineering 280A

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Thomas T.

    2 f2(x +ct) Seutens 2002Seutens 2002 TT Liu, BE280A, UCSD, Fall 2005 Acoustic Wave Equation280A, UCSD, Fall 2005 Acoustic Waves Suetens 2002 #12;6 TT Liu, BE280A, UCSD, Fall 2005 Acoustic Wave Solutions of the wave equation Plane wave p(z,t) = exp( j2f (t - z /c)) Superposition of plane waves p

  20. TT Liu, BE280A, UCSD, Fall 2004 Bioengineering 280A

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Thomas T.

    2 f2(x +ct) Seutens 2002Seutens 2002 TT Liu, BE280A, UCSD, Fall 2004 Acoustic Wave Equation280A, UCSD, Fall 2004 Acoustic Waves Suetens 2002 #12;6 TT Liu, BE280A, UCSD, Fall 2004 Acoustic Wave Solutions of the wave equation Plane wave p(z,t) = exp( j2f (t - z /c)) Superposition of plane waves p

  1. Liu UCD Phy9B 07 1 Ch 17. Temperature & Heat

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yoo, S. J. Ben

    substances: Expand when heated Contract when cooled #12;Liu UCD Phy9B 07 6 Anomalous Behavior of Water Below 4ºC Water expands as it cools from 4ºC to 0ºC, expands more upon freezing. In a pool of water, it freezes from top. #12;Liu UCD Phy9B 07 7 17-5. Quantity of Heat Common units: calorie (cal): amount

  2. Liu UCD Phy9B 07 22 15-5. Energy in Wave Motion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yoo, S. J. Ben

    Liu UCD Phy9B 07 22 15-5. Energy in Wave Motion x txy FtxFy -= ),( ),( t txy x txy FtxvtxFtxP yy -== ),(),( ),(),(),( For any wave on a string, instantaneous rate of energy transfer 1 dimensional: wave on a string #12;Liu UCD Phy9B 07 23 Energy Transferred by Sinusoidal Wave )cos(),( tkxAtxy -= For a sinusoidal wave )(sin

  3. Testing Generalized Linear Models Using Smoothing Spline Methods

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Yuedong

    Testing Generalized Linear Models Using Smoothing Spline Methods Anna Liu, Wendy Meiring and Yuedong Wang University of California, Santa Barbara Abstract This article considers testing exponential families. The tests developed are based on the connection between the smoothing spline models

  4. P.G. Ioannou and L.Y. Liu Advanced Construction Technology System ACTS Advanced Construction Technology System ACTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    a history of long lead-times for technology transfer (CICE B-2 1982). The productivity growth rateP.G. Ioannou and L.Y. Liu Advanced Construction Technology System ­ ACTS 1 Advanced Construction Technology System ­ ACTS By P. G. Ioannou,1 A.M. ASCE, and L. Y. Liu,2 A.M. ASCE ABSTRACT: The Advanced

  5. Rigorous and Automatic Testing of Web Applications Xiaoping Jia and Hongming Liu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jia, Xiaoping

    Rigorous and Automatic Testing of Web Applications Xiaoping Jia and Hongming Liu School of Computer, jordan}@cs.depaul.edu ABSTRACT As web applications become more and more prevalent, the quality assurance of web applications has become more and more important. Due to the complexity of the underlying

  6. Page Digest for Large-Scale Web Services Daniel Rocco, David Buttler, Ling Liu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Ling

    Page Digest for Large-Scale Web Services Daniel Rocco, David Buttler, Ling Liu Georgia Institute, 2003 Abstract The rapid growth of the World Wide Web and the Internet has fueled interest in Web services and the Semantic Web, which are quickly becoming important parts of modern electronic commerce

  7. State Monitoring in Cloud Datacenters Shicong Meng, Student Member, IEEE, Ling Liu, Senior Member, IEEE, and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Ling

    State Monitoring in Cloud Datacenters Shicong Meng, Student Member, IEEE, Ling Liu, Senior Member application is a critical functionality for cloud datacenter management. State monitoring requires meeting two. Index Terms--State monitoring, datacenter, cloud, distributed, aggregation, tuning. Ç 1 INTRODUCTION

  8. Computers & Industrial Engineering (In Press) Wu & Liu Development and Evaluation of an Ergonomic Software Package

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Changxu (Sean)

    Computers & Industrial Engineering (In Press) Wu & Liu 1 Development and Evaluation of an Ergonomic-Machine Interface Design and Evaluation Changxu Wu Department of Industrial and Systems Engineering State University Application in Excel (VBA) software package and an illustrative case study to evaluate its effectiveness

  9. Measuring User Credibility in Social Media Mohammad-Ali Abbasi and Huan Liu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Huan

    social movements such as Occupy Wall Street (OWS) and the Arab Spring, people extensively used social. During the social events such as the Arab Spring and the Occupy Wall Street (OWS) movement, social mediaMeasuring User Credibility in Social Media Mohammad-Ali Abbasi and Huan Liu Computer Science

  10. Class-Specific Ensembles for Active Learning in Digital Imagery Amit Mandvikar and Huan Liu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Huan

    labeling. Detecting Egeria densa in digital imagery is one such real-world classification task. It presentsClass-Specific Ensembles for Active Learning in Digital Imagery Amit Mandvikar and Huan Liu}@asu.edu Abstract In many real-world tasks of image classification, limited amounts of labeled data are available

  11. Using Business Scenarios to Surface Requirements for COTS Products WenQian Liu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Easterbrook, Steve

    . lymer@ca.ibm.com Steve Easterbrook Dept. of Computer Science University of Toronto sme Science University of Toronto wl@cs.utoronto.ca Sharon Lymer IBM Toronto Software Lab IBM Canada LtdUsing Business Scenarios to Surface Requirements for COTS Products WenQian Liu Dept. of Computer

  12. An explicit time evolution method for acoustic wave propagation Huafeng Liu1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Niu, Fenglin

    . We started from the constant-density acoustic wave equation and obtained an analytical timeAn explicit time evolution method for acoustic wave propagation Huafeng Liu1 , Nanxun Dai2 (ETE) method to efficiently simulate wave propaga- tion in acoustic media with high temporal accuracy

  13. Query Optimization as a Datalog Program Mengmeng Liu, Zachary G. Ives, and Boon Thau Loo

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ives, Zachary G.

    Query Optimization as a Datalog Program Mengmeng Liu, Zachary G. Ives, and Boon Thau Loo University is that of specifying the transformation rules and search process of a query optimizer [1]. In certain emerging domains universally understood than the languages used in transformational optimizers like those generated by Volcano

  14. Metamaterials: Optical Activity without Chirality X.-X. Liu,1,2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zheludev, Nikolay

    Metamaterials: Optical Activity without Chirality E. Plum,1 X.-X. Liu,1,2 V. A. Fedotov,1 Y. Chen,3 in developing microwave and optical artificial chiral metamaterials [11­15] and yielded a dem- onstration that very strong optical activity may be seen in a metamaterial system consisting of metamolecules

  15. Efficient Deep Web Crawling Using Reinforcement Lu Jiang, Zhaohui Wu, Qian Feng, Jun Liu, Qinghua Zheng

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shamos, Michael I.

    Efficient Deep Web Crawling Using Reinforcement Learning Lu Jiang, Zhaohui Wu, Qian Feng, Jun Liu@mail.xjtu.edu.cn, qhzheng@mail.xjtu.edu.cn Abstract. Deep web refers to the hidden part of the Web that remains unavailable for standard Web crawlers. To obtain content of Deep Web is challenging and has been acknowledged

  16. Learning Deep Web Crawling with Diverse Features Lu Jiang, Zhaohui Wu, Qinghua Zheng and Jun Liu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shamos, Michael I.

    Learning Deep Web Crawling with Diverse Features Lu Jiang, Zhaohui Wu, Qinghua Zheng and Jun Liu@yahoo.com, wzh@stu.xjtu.edu.cn, qhzheng@mail.xjtu.edu.cn, liukeen@mail.xjtu.edu.cn Abstract--The key to Deep Web crawling is to submit promising keywords to query form and retrieve Deep Web content efficiently. To select

  17. Evidential Fusion for Gender Profiling Jianbing Ma and Weiru Liu and Paul Miller

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Weiru

    [16] us- ing Dempster-Shafer theory. In particular, Denoeux's cautious rule is applied for fusion mass03,w.liu}@qub.ac.uk, p.miller@ecit.qub.ac.uk Abstract. Gender profiling is a fundamental task shape information. In addition, there are some drawbacks for normal profiling algorithms considered

  18. Electron solvation in methane and ethane Zhihua Liu and Bruce J. Berne

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berne, Bruce J.

    Electron solvation in methane and ethane Zhihua Liu and Bruce J. Berne Department of Chemistry; accepted 27 August 1993) The solvation of excess electrons in fluid methane and ethane is studied by path that the electron is in an extended state throughout the whole fluid density range studied. In ethane, it is found

  19. Synthesis of Impedance Using Switching Converters Joe C.P. Liu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tse, Chi K. "Michael"

    and a pair of switches, such as the buck, buck-boost and boost converters. The switches are switched Synthesis of Impedance Using Switching Converters Joe C.P. Liu Chi K. Tse Franki N.K. Poon M converters is stud- ied in this paper. We begin with showing that any impedance can be synthesized

  20. Radio Number for Square of Cycles Daphne Der-Fen Liu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Daphne Der-Fen

    Radio Number for Square of Cycles Daphne Der-Fen Liu Melanie Xie Department of Mathematics and v. A radio labelling for G is a function f that assigns to each vertex a non- negative integer. The span of f is the difference of the maximum and the minimum labels assigned. The radio number of G

  1. APPLICATION OF MEMS TECHNOLOGY TO MICRO DIRECT METHANOL FUEL CELL Xiaowei Liu*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    APPLICATION OF MEMS TECHNOLOGY TO MICRO DIRECT METHANOL FUEL CELL Xiaowei Liu* , Chunguang Suo, email: lxw@hit.edu.cn) ABSTRACT In view of micro fuel cells, the silicon processes are employed for microfabrication of the micro direct methanol fuel cell (DMFC). Using the MEMS technology we have successfully made

  2. Liu UCD Phy9B 07 12 17-6. Phase Change: Latent Heat

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yoo, S. J. Ben

    Liu UCD Phy9B 07 12 17-6. Phase Change: Latent Heat GasLiquidSolid onVaporizatiFusion Phase of fusion LF Absorbs leasesRe Solid Liquid Absorbs leasesRe Liquid Gas heat of vaporization LV Latent in fluids: liquids & gases. Forced convection: circulation by pump/blower Natural convection: natural

  3. Clustering Blogs with Collective Wisdom Nitin Agarwal, Magdiel Galan, Huan Liu, Shankar Subramanya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Huan

    Clustering Blogs with Collective Wisdom Nitin Agarwal, Magdiel Galan, Huan Liu, Shankar Subramanya is clustering blog sites. Clustering blog sites presents new challenges. We propose to tap into col- lective wisdom in clustering blog sites, present statistical and visual results, report findings, and suggest

  4. Cross-Domain Sentiment Classification Using a Two-Stage Kang Liu, Jun Zhao

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zong, Chengqing

    Cross-Domain Sentiment Classification Using a Two-Stage Method Kang Liu, Jun Zhao Institute knowledge between different domains. Through these common topics, the features in the source domain different domains. In the second step, we use the classifier trained on the labeled examples in the source

  5. Three-Dimensional Simulations of Liquid Feed Direct Methanol Wenpeng Liu*,a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Three-Dimensional Simulations of Liquid Feed Direct Methanol Fuel Cells Wenpeng Liu*,a and Chao that performance and design of a liquid feed direct methanol fuel cell DMFC is controlled not only by electrochemical kinetics and methanol crossover but also by water transport and by their complex interactions

  6. LIU ET AL. VOL. XXX ' NO. XX ' 000000 ' XXXX www.acsnano.org

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cui, Yi

    Prelithiated Silicon Nanowires as an Anode for Lithium Ion Batteries Nian Liu, Liangbing Hu, Matthew T. Mc abundance, silicon is regarded one of the most promising anodes for the next-generation lithium ion battery Silicon is one of the most promising anode materials for the next-generation high- energy lithium ion

  7. Origin of 1/f noise in graphene multilayers: Surface vs. volume Guanxiong Liu,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    or semiconductor films, the thickness of graphene multilayers can be continuously and uniformly varied all the way or semiconductor films, the thickness of graphene multilayers can be continuously and uniformly varied all the wayOrigin of 1/f noise in graphene multilayers: Surface vs. volume Guanxiong Liu,1 Sergey Rumyantsev,2

  8. Late Holocene Evolution of the Mekong Subaqueous Delta, Southern Vietnam , J. Paul Liu a,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Paul

    Late Holocene Evolution of the Mekong Subaqueous Delta, Southern Vietnam Zuo Xue a, , J. Paul Liu a Geography, Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam a b s t r a c ta r t i c l e

  9. WORD IDENTIFICATION FOR MANDARIN CIlINESE SENTENCES Keh-Jiann Chen Shing-lluan Liu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    WORD IDENTIFICATION FOR MANDARIN CIlINESE SENTENCES Abstract Keh-Jiann Chen Shing-lluan Liu without blanks to mark words. However the basic unit for sentence parsing and understanding is word. Therefore the first step of processing Chinese sentences is to identify the words. The difficulties

  10. 1LIU magazIne nr 2 2012 magazinelinkping university nr 2 2012

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhao, Yuxiao

    1LIU magazIne nr 2 2012 magazinelinköping university nr 2 2012 cable guys made the headlines biogas about new research findings and a popular language café. 18 Biogas fuels further expansion Linköping is investing heavily in biogas. 20 Antibiotic crisis a global threat Prescription of antibiotics has

  11. Fluid Streaming in Micro Bifurcating Networks Z. Zhang, A. Fadl, C. Liu, D. Meyer, M. Krafczyk*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Zongqin

    . In this paper, we propose a novel and simple micro streaming-based fluid propulsion technology that hasFluid Streaming in Micro Bifurcating Networks Z. Zhang, A. Fadl, C. Liu, D. Meyer, M. Krafczyk* Department of Mechanical Engineering University of Rhode Island, Kingston, RI 02881 *Institute

  12. Cost-Effective Soft Error Protection For Register Files Pablo Montesinos, Wei Liu* and Josep Torrellas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Torrellas, Josep

    Shield: Cost-Effective Soft Error Protection For Register Files Pablo Montesinos, Wei Liu renamed P10 is considered short P10 is considered long Ponomarev et al, 2004 Short version: a new Montesinos. University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign ECCTable entry allocation Entries are allocated when

  13. Proofs of Data Possession and Retrievability Based on MRD , Shengli Liu1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    Proofs of Data Possession and Retrievability Based on MRD Codes Shuai Han1 , Shengli Liu1 , Kefei.sjtu@gmail.com, {slliu, kfchen, dwgu}@sjtu.edu.cn Abstract Proofs of Data Possession (PoDP) scheme is essential to dataDP/PoR scheme based on Maximum Rank Distance (MRD) codes. The client file is encoded block-wise to generate

  14. A statistical investigation of preearthquake ionospheric anomaly J. Y. Liu,1,2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Yuh-Ing

    to the ionosonde station. These results indicate that the PEIA is energy related. Citation: Liu, J. Y., Y. I. Chen are often preceded or accompanied by signals of different nature: electric, electromagnetic, or luminous a distance of 500 km to the Chung-Li ionosonde station. 2. Definition of Abnormal Signal [4] To detect

  15. Mimicry of Sharp Turning Behaviours in a Robotic Fish* Jindong Liu Huosheng Hu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hu, Huosheng

    Mimicry of Sharp Turning Behaviours in a Robotic Fish* Jindong Liu Huosheng Hu Department is supported by London Aquarium Ltd. Abstract - In nature, fish has astonishing swimming ability after thousands years of evolution. To realise fish-like swimming behaviours by a robotic system poses tremendous

  16. RL-based Optimisation of Robotic Fish Behaviours Jindong Liu, Huosheng Hu, Dongbing Gu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hu, Huosheng

    RL-based Optimisation of Robotic Fish Behaviours Jindong Liu, Huosheng Hu, Dongbing Gu Department for the optimisation of robotic fish behaviours. Six independent parameters are abstracted from the motor controller of a robotic fish and used to parameterize the policy of the reinforcement learning. During the implementation

  17. Novel Mechatronics Design for a Robotic Fish* Jindong Liu, Ian Dukes, Huosheng Hu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hu, Huosheng

    Novel Mechatronics Design for a Robotic Fish* Jindong Liu, Ian Dukes, Huosheng Hu Department ­ This paper presents a novel mechatronics design for a 3D swimming robotic fish, namely MT1 (Mechanical Tail) robotic fish. It has a novel tail structure which uses only one motor to generate fish-like swimming

  18. Hydride transfer reaction dynamics of OD+ Li Liu, Elizabeth S. Richards, and James M. Farrara

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farrar, James M.

    Hydride transfer reaction dynamics of OD+ +C3H6 Li Liu, Elizabeth S. Richards, and James M. Farrara 30 April 2007; published online 29 June 2007 The hydride transfer reaction between OD+ and C3H6 has, with maxima close to the velocity and direction of the precursor propylene beam, characteristic of direct

  19. WAVE HEIGHTS IN A 4D OCEAN WAVE FIELD Paul C. Liu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    WAVE HEIGHTS IN A 4D OCEAN WAVE FIELD Paul C. Liu NOAA Great Lakes Environmental Research a preliminary examination and analysis of a small suite of 4-D wave data to explore what new insight century. We feel it is timely to encourage further 4-D ocean wave measurement and thereby facilitate fresh

  20. Carbon species confined inside carbon nanotubes: A density functional study Yi Liu and R. O. Jones*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carbon species confined inside carbon nanotubes: A density functional study Yi Liu and R. O. Jones of the energies, structures, and vibration frequencies of carbon chains, rings, graphitic sheets, bowls, cages, and tubes inside single-walled carbon nanotubes CNT's with different diameters. The calculated energies show

  1. Inferring Painting Style with Multi-task Dictionary Learning Gaowen Liu1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Winkler, Stefan

    Inferring Painting Style with Multi-task Dictionary Learning Gaowen Liu1 , Yan Yan1,2, , Elisa, extracting relevant patterns from paintings is still a challeng- ing task. Different painters, born paint- ings. Specifically, we present a multi-task learning algorithm to learn a style

  2. XIAOYUN LIU 750 Whitney Ave. Apt B5, New Haven, CT 06511

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clemmer, David E.

    .liu@yale.edu HIGHLIGHTS · Unique cross-disciplinary experience spanning analytical chemistry and biology · Successfully 2009-present · PhD, Analytical Chemistry, Indiana University (Bloomington, IN) 2008 · MS, Analytical Chemistry, Michigan State University (East Lansing, MI) 2003 · BS, Chemistry, Jilin University (Changchun

  3. HPAZ: a High-throughput Pipeline Architecture of ZUC in Zongbin Liu1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    HPAZ: a High-throughput Pipeline Architecture of ZUC in Hardware Zongbin Liu1 , Neng Gao1 , Jiwu@ist.psu.edu Abstract. In this paper, we propose a high-throughput pipeline architecture of the stream cipher ZUC which significantly reduces operating frequency. In this paper we design a mixed two-stage pipeline architecture which

  4. MEASUREMENTS ON DELAY AND HOPCOUNT OF THE Aiguo Fei, Guangyu Pei, Roy Liu, and Lixia Zhang

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Los Angeles, University of

    . Internet measurement has a history as long as the Internet itself. Measurement experiments on the ARPANETMEASUREMENTS ON DELAY AND HOP­COUNT OF THE INTERNET Aiguo Fei, Guangyu Pei, Roy Liu, and Lixia, lixiag@cs.ucla.edu Abstract To find out how big the Internet is, we measured the round­trip delays

  5. Functional Data Analysis for Sparse Auction Data Bitao Liu & Hans-Georg Muller

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Müller, Hans-Georg

    Functional Data Analysis for Sparse Auction Data Bitao Liu & Hans-Georg M¨uller Department of Statistics University of California, Davis Abstract Bid arrivals of eBay auctions often exhibit "bid sniping", a phenomenon where "snipers" place their bids at the last moments of an auction. This is one reason why bid

  6. Precipitation of interstitial iron in multicrystalline silicon AnYao Liu1, a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Precipitation of interstitial iron in multicrystalline silicon AnYao Liu1, a and Daniel Macdonald1, multicrystalline silicon, precipitation, supersaturation, spatial distribution Abstract The internal gettering of iron in silicon via iron precipitation at low processing temperatures is known to improve solar cell

  7. Precipitation of iron in multicrystalline silicon during annealing A. Y. Liu and Daniel Macdonald

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Precipitation of iron in multicrystalline silicon during annealing A. Y. Liu and Daniel Macdonald.203.43.22 On: Tue, 18 Mar 2014 02:19:30 #12;Precipitation of iron in multicrystalline silicon during annealing 2014) In this paper, the precipitation kinetics of iron in multicrystalline silicon during moderate

  8. Two dimensional thermoelectric platforms for thermocapillary droplet Man-Chi Liu,ac

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Pei-Chun

    Two dimensional thermoelectric platforms for thermocapillary droplet actuation Man-Chi Liu,ac Jin the cooling function relies on the natural conduction and/or convection. A thermoelectric (TE) chip a novel approach utilizing a 5 6 5 array of thermoelectric (TE) chips. The advantage of using TE chips

  9. Graphene Edge Lithography Guibai Xie, Zhiwen Shi, Rong Yang, Donghua Liu, Wei Yang, Meng Cheng, Duoming Wang, Dongxia Shi,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Guangyu

    Graphene Edge Lithography Guibai Xie, Zhiwen Shi, Rong Yang, Donghua Liu, Wei Yang, Meng Cheng: Fabrication of graphene nanostructures is of importance for both investigating their intrinsic physical approach for graphene nanostructures. Compared with conventional lithographic fabrication techniques

  10. Fischer-Tropsch Fuels from Coal and Biomass Thomas G. Kreutz, Eric D. Larson, Guangjian Liu, Robert H. Williams

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fischer-Tropsch Fuels from Coal and Biomass Thomas G. Kreutz, Eric D. Larson, Guangjian Liu, Robert for 25th Annual International Pittsburgh Coal Conference 29 September ­ 2 October, 2008 Pittsburgh.....................................................................................................8 2.2.1 Coal as feedstock

  11. CHENG C. LIU, Ph.D., Associate Professor Curriculum Vitae

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Mingshen

    systems Dissertation: Power Modeling of CMOS Integrated Circuits with a Piecewise Linear Model Advisor Conference on Green Circuits and Systems, pp. 438 - 441 (ICGCS 2011). 4. Energy Model of CMOS Gates Using on Circuits and Systems, pp. 3829 - 3832 (ISCAS 2010). 5. Piecewise Linear Delay Modeling of CMOS VLSI

  12. Converting Hybrid Wire-frames to B-rep Models Jie-Hui Gong

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Converting Hybrid Wire-frames to B-rep Models Jie-Hui Gong Dept. of Comp. Sci. and Technol of curved surfaces [Liu et al. 2001; Gong et al. 2006b]. The CSG oriented approach, however, is generally

  13. Wong L, Liu G. Protein interactome analysis for countering pathogen drug resistance. JOURNAL OF COMPUTER SCI-ENCE AND TECHNOLOGY 25(1): 1 Jan. 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wong, Limsoon

    to a lack of understanding of how resistance emerges in bacteria upon drug treat- ment. It has been proposedWong L, Liu G. Protein interactome analysis for countering pathogen drug resistance. JOURNAL Drug Resistance Limsoon Wong and Guimei Liu School of Computing, National University of Singapore, 13

  14. Stability and Control of Dynamical Systems with Applications, D. Liu and P. J. Antsaklis (Eds), Control Engineering Series, Birkhauser Boston, 2003.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stability and Control of Dynamical Systems with Applications, D. Liu and P. J. Antsaklis (Eds been applied in control system problems for a long time in such areas as optimization, adaptive control Laboratory, Richland, WA. 1 #12;Stability and Control of Dynamical Systems with Applications, D. Liu and P. J

  15. April 25, 2006 13:5 WSPC/INSTRUCTION FILE mali-liu-camera International Journal on Arti cial Intelligence Tools

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mali, Amol D.

    April 25, 2006 13:5 WSPC/INSTRUCTION FILE mali-liu-camera International Journal on Arti#12;cial DATTATRAYA MALI Electrical Engg. & Computer Science, University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI 53211, United States of America mali@miller.cs.uwm.edu YING LIU Quad Graphics N63 W23075 State Hwy. 74 Sussex, WI 53089

  16. Stretchability of encapsulated electronics Z. J. Liu,2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rogers, John A.

    and environmental protection. This paper establishes a simple, analytical model for the optimal design strain and EIbridge and Ehbridge are the interconnect bending and tensile stiffness (per unit width Eihi, where Ei ¼ Ei=ð1 À v2 i Þ is the plane-strain modulus and hi is the thickness of the ith layer

  17. Interoperation of heterogeneous CAD tools in Ptolemy II Jie Liu, Bicheng Wu, Xiaojun Liu, Edward A. Lee*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley, University of

    , models of computation, tool interaction, Ptolemy II 1. INTRODUCTION Microelectromechanical systems (MEMS, for MEMS devices and mixed-signal circuits, it is essential to integrate tools with different Mo more refined and closer to the physical implementation. The current progress of MEMS technology

  18. Optical Wireless based on High Brightness Visible LEDs Grantham Pang, Thomas Kwan, Hugh Liu, Chi-Ho Chan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pang, Grantham

    tolerance to humidity, low power consumption and minimal heat generation. Light-emitting diodes (LEDsOptical Wireless based on High Brightness Visible LEDs Grantham Pang, Thomas Kwan, Hugh Liu, Chi use of lighting or signaling devices constructed by light-emitting diodes (LEDs). The idea

  19. DUAL USE OF LEDS: SIGNALING AND COMMUNICATIONS IN ITS Grantham Pang, Chi-ho Chan, Hugh Liu, Thomas Kwan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pang, Grantham

    lights with LEDs is a reduction in power consumption [7]. In addition, incandescent traffic signals burn1 DUAL USE OF LEDS: SIGNALING AND COMMUNICATIONS IN ITS Grantham Pang, Chi-ho Chan, Hugh Liu of light-emitting diodes (LEDs) over incandescent lights is well-supported. This is due to their high

  20. Web-based Dynamic Delphi: a New Survey Instrument JingTao Yao Wei-Ning Liu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yao, JingTao

    Web-based Dynamic Delphi: a New Survey Instrument JingTao Yao Wei-Ning Liu Department of Computer of the conventional Delphi method and the dynamic Delphi instrument is conducted. It is suggested that a dynamic leaking issues. 1. INTRODUCTION The Delphi survey instrument is a way of collecting expert ideas

  1. A Maxwell's fish eye lens for the terahertz region Jingbo Liu, Rajind Mendis, and Daniel M. Mittleman

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Natelson, Douglas

    A Maxwell's fish eye lens for the terahertz region Jingbo Liu, Rajind Mendis, and Daniel M://apl.aip.org/features/most_downloaded Information for Authors: http://apl.aip.org/authors #12;A Maxwell's fish eye lens for the terahertz region; published online 15 July 2013) We implement a two-dimensional Maxwell's fish eye lens using a waveguide

  2. Test Planning for Mixed-Signal SOCs with Wrapped Analog Cores Anuja Sehgal, Fang Liu, Sule Ozev and Krishnendu Chakrabarty

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Test Planning for Mixed-Signal SOCs with Wrapped Analog Cores Anuja Sehgal, Fang Liu, Sule Ozev. Even though the test cost for such mixed-signal SOCs is significantly higher than that for digital SOCs, most prior research in this area has focused exclusively on digital cores. We propose a low-cost test

  3. Database Schema Evolution using EVER Diagrams Chien-Tsai Liu Shi-Kuo Chang Panos K. Chrysanthid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Madiraju, Praveen

    Database Schema Evolution using EVER Diagrams Chien-Tsai Liu Shi-Kuo Chang Panos K. Chrysanthid to schema evolution through changes to the ER diagram represent- ing the schema of a database. In order. A powerful visual interface is thus provided for database schema evolution. Various approaches to database

  4. A Taxonomy of Cyber Attacks on 3G Networks Kameswari Kotapati, Peng Liu, Yan Sun, Thomas F. LaPorta

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yener, Aylin

    1 A Taxonomy of Cyber Attacks on 3G Networks Kameswari Kotapati, Peng Liu, Yan Sun, Thomas F. La Infrastructure Cyber Attack. This paper is the first to propose attack taxonomy for 3G networks. The uniqueness of this taxonomy is the inclusion of Cross Infrastructure Cyber Attacks in addition to the standard Single

  5. Design of 3D Swim Patterns for Autonomous Robotic Fish Huosheng Hu, Jindong Liu, Ian Dukes and George Francis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hu, Huosheng

    Design of 3D Swim Patterns for Autonomous Robotic Fish Huosheng Hu, Jindong Liu, Ian Dukes, United Kingdom Email: hhu@essex.ac.uk, jliua@essex.ac.uk Abstract: To realise fish-like swim patterns by a robotic system poses tremendous challenges. This requires fully understanding of fish biomechanics

  6. Hyper-BCube: A Scalable Data Center Network Dong Lin, Yang Liu, Mounir Hamdi and Jogesh Muppala

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamdi, Mounir

    Hyper-BCube: A Scalable Data Center Network Dong Lin, Yang Liu, Mounir Hamdi and Jogesh Muppala {ldcse, liuyangcse, hamdi, muppala}@cse.ust.hk Abstract--Mega data centers are being built around the world to provide various cloud computing services. As a result, data center networking has recently been

  7. Multiple Word DNA Computing on Surfaces Liman Wang, Qinghua Liu,, Robert M. Corn, Anne E. Condon,,# and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Multiple Word DNA Computing on Surfaces Liman Wang, Qinghua Liu,,§ Robert M. Corn, Anne E. Condon words" is demonstrated, with applications to DNA computing. A new DESTROY operation to selectively enzyme cleavage, has been developed for multiple-word DNA computing. DNA polymerase is used to extend DNA

  8. Measurement of shear wave velocity of heavy oil De-hua Han, Jiajin Liu, University of Houston

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 Measurement of shear wave velocity of heavy oil De-hua Han, Jiajin Liu, University of Houston modulus and therefore no shear wave can propagate through fluids. But heavy oils have properties that are much complex than lighter oils. At low temperatures, heavy oils are extremely viscous and begin to act

  9. Extraction of Vectorized Graphical Information from Scientific Chart Images Ruizhe Liu, Weihua Huang and Chew Lim Tan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tan, Chew Lim

    types, such as bar chart, pie chart and line chart etc. In recent years, several works have beenExtraction of Vectorized Graphical Information from Scientific Chart Images Ruizhe Liu, Weihua}@comp.nus.edu.sg Abstract Graphical components information extraction is a crucial step in the chart recognition

  10. A Tree-Based TESLA Broadcast Authentication for Sensor Networks Donggang Liu Peng Ning Sencun Zhu Sushil Jajodia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhu, Sencun

    A Tree-Based µTESLA Broadcast Authentication for Sensor Networks Donggang Liu Peng Ning Sencun Zhu to multiple nodes in an authenticated way. µTESLA and multi-level µTESLA have been proposed to provide of senders. Though multi-level µTESLA schemes can scale up to large sensor networks (in terms of receivers

  11. Electrical Modulation of Ion Concentration in Dual-Gated Nanochannels Yang Liu, Qiushi Ran, and Robert W. Dutton

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Yang

    Electrical Modulation of Ion Concentration in Dual-Gated Nanochannels Yang Liu, Qiushi Ran simulations demonstrate the operating principles of using electrical biases in dual-gated nano potential applications range from fuel cells [11] to desalination [12]. Nevertheless, in contrast

  12. Linear Artificial Molecular Muscles Yi Liu, Amar H. Flood, Paul A. Bonvallet,,| Scott A. Vignon, Brian H. Northrop,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goddard III, William A.

    Linear Artificial Molecular Muscles Yi Liu, Amar H. Flood, Paul A. Bonvallet,,| Scott A. Vignon, based upon phenomena such as hydrogel swelling,12 the osmotic expansion of conjugated polymers,13 motions associated with molecular recognition in a supramolecular polymer system,14 ion intercalation

  13. Location Privacy with Road network Mix-zones Balaji Palanisamy, Ling Liu, Kisung Lee, Aameek Singh and Yuzhe Tang

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Ling

    Location Privacy with Road network Mix-zones Balaji Palanisamy, Ling Liu, Kisung Lee, Aameek Singh attacks that make mix-zones on road networks vulnerable and illustrate a set of counter measures to make road network mix-zones attack resilient. Concretely, we categorize the vulnerabilities of road network

  14. Phonon-hopping thermal conduction in quantum dot superlattices Manu Shamsa, Weili Liu, and Alexander A. Balandina

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of California--Riverside, Riverside, California 92521 Jianlin Liu Quantum Structures Laboratory, Department of Electrical Engineering, University of California--Riverside, Riverside, California 92521 Received 18 April or polycrystalline materials in terms of thermal transport. © 2005 American Institute of Physics. DOI: 10

  15. Trailing Mobile Sinks: A Proactive Data Reporting Protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks Xinxin Liu, Han Zhao, Xin Yang

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Xiaolin "Andy"

    battery life, energy saving is of paramount importance in the design of sensor network protocols. Recent transmission path is greatly shortened and energy consumption for relaying is reduced. However, data gatheringTrailing Mobile Sinks: A Proactive Data Reporting Protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks Xinxin Liu

  16. Floor-Plan Priors for Monocular Layout Estimation Chenxi Liu1, Alexander Schwing2, Kaustav Kundu2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toronto, University of

    collections or video Cabral & Furukawa, 2014 Brualla et al., 2014 Indoor localization (video, depth sensors) Project Tango SLAM work Lee et al., 2010 Xiao & Furukawa, 2012 Cabral & Furukawa, 2014 Liu, Schwing, Kundu & Furukawa, 2012 3D indoor reconstruction from large photo collections or video Cabral & Furukawa, 2014

  17. Solar wind structure in the outer heliosphere J.D. Richardson a,b,*, Y. Liu a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley, University of

    Solar wind structure in the outer heliosphere J.D. Richardson a,b,*, Y. Liu a , C. Wang b a Kavli form 8 February 2007; accepted 27 March 2007 Abstract A solar wind parcel evolves as it moves outward, interacting with the solar wind plasma ahead of and behind it and with the inter- stellar neutrals

  18. Yunjie Liu

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home RoomPreservationBio-Inspired SolarAboutXu Named| Princeton Plasma Physics LabYourYu LokYunYunjie

  19. Jialin Liu

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformationJesse Bergkamp Graduate student Subtask 4 project: "Synthesis of

  20. 2 Solar flare signatures of the ionospheric GPS total electron content 3 J. Y. Liu,1,2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Yuh-Ing

    2 Solar flare signatures of the ionospheric GPS total electron content 3 J. Y. Liu,1,2 C. H. Lin,1, ionospheric solar flare effects on the total electron content (TEC) and 7 associated time rate of change (r. The occurrence times and 9 locations of 11 solar flares are isolated from the 1­8 A° X-ray radiations of the 10

  1. Finite element modeling of neotectonics in New Zealand Zhen Liu and Peter Bird

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bird, Peter

    Zealand's faults have effective friction of $0.17, comparable to that found in other Pacific Rim regions forearc is an independent plate sliver moving relative to the Pacific and Australian plates to Geographic Region: Pacific Ocean; 3040 Marine Geology and Geophysics: Plate tectonics (8150, 8155, 8157, 8158

  2. Enhancing Financial Decision-Making Using Social Behavior Modeling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    movements. This pro- cess can be modeled by connecting online social behavior and future trading behaviorEnhancing Financial Decision-Making Using Social Behavior Modeling Ruoqian Liu, Ankit Agrawal, Wei is a social activity that involves every par- ticipant's decision making. Meanwhile, people's online be

  3. Security Models and Requirements for Healthcare Application Clouds

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Ling

    Security Models and Requirements for Healthcare Application Clouds Rui Zhang 1,2 and Ling Liu 1 1 clouds and analyze the arising security and privacy issues in access and management of EHRs. We describe an EHR security reference model for managing security issues in healthcare clouds, which highlights three

  4. Net Balanced Floorplanning Based on Elastic Energy Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nannarelli, Alberto

    Net Balanced Floorplanning Based on Elastic Energy Model Wei Liu and Alberto Nannarelli Dept variations can introduce extra signal skew, it is desirable to have floorplans with balanced net delays based on the elastic energy model. The B*-tree, which is based on an ordered binary tree, is used

  5. A Methodology of Modelling Fish-like Swim Patterns for Robotic Fish

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hu, Huosheng

    A Methodology of Modelling Fish-like Swim Patterns for Robotic Fish Jindong Liu and Huosheng Hu@essex.ac.uk Abstract-- This paper presents a novel modelling methodology for our robotic fish, which considers the relative movement of the tail to the head in order to model variable swimming patterns for robotic fish

  6. A. Kirk, W. Suttrop, I.T. Chapman, Yueqiang Liu, R. Scannell, A.J. Thornton, L. Barrera Orte, P. Cahyna, T.Eich, R. Fischer, C. Fuchs, C. Ham, J.R. Harrison,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Kirk, W. Suttrop, I.T. Chapman, Yueqiang Liu, R. Scannell, A.J. Thornton, L. Barrera Orte, P and a Comparison with ASDEX Upgrade A. Kirk 1 , W. Suttrop 2 , I.T. Chapman 1 , Yueqiang Liu 1 , R. Scannell 1 , A collisionality discharges in MAST and a comparison with ASDEX Upgrade Kirk A, Suttrop W, Chapman I T, Yueqiang

  7. Hugo Liu, Push Singh. (2002). MAKEBELIEVE: Using Commonsense to Generate Stories. Proceedings of the Eighteenth National Conference on Artificial Intelligence, AAAI 2002, July 28 -August 1, 2002, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada. AAAI Press, 2002, pp. 957-958.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2002-01-01

    Hugo Liu, Push Singh. (2002). MAKEBELIEVE: Using Commonsense to Generate Stories. Proceedings Stories Hugo Liu, Push Singh MIT Media Laboratory 20 Ames Street 320D Cambridge, MA, 02139 USA {hugo, push," is selected from the on- tology of the Open Mind Commonsense Knowledge Base (Singh, 2002). Binary causal

  8. Liu Shao-Ch'i and "People's War": A Report on the Creation of Base Areas in 1938

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schwarz, Henry G.

    1969-01-01

    and the methods they used in dealing with those problems. The document is a report by Liu Shao-ch'i on the creation of Chin-Ch'a-Chi, formally the Shansi-Chahar-Hopei Border region, and other resistance cen ters behind Japanese lines. It was said to have been... provinces of Hopei, Chahar, Suiyiian, Shan tung, and Shansi. Only the East Hopei Autonomous Council 5 under General Yin Ju-keng materialized from the Japanese ef forts. Along the northern periphery of North China, bordering on the Gobi desert...

  9. ENHANCED CLOUD REGIME CLASSIFICATION FOR EVALUATION OF MODEL FAST PHYSICS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ENHANCED CLOUD REGIME CLASSIFICATION FOR EVALUATION OF MODEL FAST PHYSICS Wuyin Lin1 , Yangang Liu1 of Energy under Contract No. DE-AC02-98CH10886 ABSTRACT Distinct cloud regimes exist locally and globally helps identify the meteorological conditions that are closely associated with specific cloud regimes

  10. ESTABLISHMENT OF CLOUD REGIMES FOR SYSTEMATIC EVALUATION OF CLOUD MODELING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ESTABLISHMENT OF CLOUD REGIMES FOR SYSTEMATIC EVALUATION OF CLOUD MODELING Wuyin Lin1 , Yangang Liu Distinct cloud regimes can exist locally and globally. Such cloud regimes usually have close association, the classification of cloud regimes may be based on cloud properties and/or meteorological conditions. This study

  11. Functional Coefficient Regression Models for Non-linear Time Series: A Polynomial

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shen, Haipeng

    Functional Coefficient Regression Models for Non-linear Time Series: A Polynomial Spline Approach of functional coefficient regression models for non-linear time series. Consistency and rate of convergence to estimate the coefficient functions. Cai et al. (2000) and Chen & Liu (2001) used the local linear method

  12. Using beryllium-7 to assess cross-tropopause1 transport in global models2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Hongyu

    1 Using beryllium-7 to assess cross-tropopause1 transport in global models2 3 Hongyu Liu1 , David B, MA13 14 Short Title: Beryllium-7 and cross-tropopause transport15 Index Terms: 0368 Troposphere Initiative (GMI) modeling framework the29 utility of cosmogenic beryllium-7 (7 Be), a natural aerosol tracer

  13. WON NATIONAL PRIZE AS STUDENT OF THE YEAR PAGES 24-25 EXCHANGE STUDENTS ABOUT STUDYING AT LIU PAGES 4-6

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhao, Yuxiao

    Alumni around the globe Meet four international alumni from LiU. 34 Working with the world's largest student barometer (ISB), the biggest student survey in the world. In the latest survey, over 90% would recently won the biggest case competition in the world for business students are, by the way, a wonderful

  14. Experiments in Ergonomic Robot-Guided Manipulation Allan S rensen Caizhen Liu Songho M. Kim Kevin M. Lynch Michael A. Peshkin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amaral, Luis A.N.

    Experiments in Ergonomic Robot-Guided Manipulation Allan S rensen Caizhen Liu Songho M. Kim Kevin M the progress of the task and to stop the mo- tion inan emergency) withthe precise positioningand ergonomic bene, they proposed a simple \\ergonomic" objec- tive function for choosing between guides: the cost for an applied

  15. High Density Packaging in 2010 and Beyond Rao R. Tunmala*, Venky Sundaram, Fuhan Liu, George White, Swapan Bhattacharya, Raj M. Pulugurtha, Madhavan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Swaminathan, Madhavan

    High Density Packaging in 2010 and Beyond Rao R. Tunmala*, Venky Sundaram, Fuhan Liu, George White, Swapan Bhattacharya, Raj M. Pulugurtha, Madhavan Packaging Research Center, Georgia Institute and the package increases tremendously. With the shift towards nano ICs by 2003 with 100nm features, pitch of area

  16. Web-based Support Systems for Sustainable Communities W.N. Liu J.T. Yao L. Fan Y.Y. Yao X.D. Yang

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yao, JingTao

    present an architecture of Web-based support systems for sustainable communities. The architectureWeb-based Support Systems for Sustainable Communities W.N. Liu J.T. Yao L. Fan Y.Y. Yao X.D. Yang,fan,yyao,yang}@cs.uregina.ca ABSTRACT This paper studies Web-based support systems for sustain- able communities. A sustainable

  17. Reforming of Diesel Fuel for Transportation Applications J. P. Kopasz, S. Lottes, D-J. Liu, R. Ahluwalia, V. Novick and S. Ahmed

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , steam and water prior to catalyst bed 3-fluid nozzle delivers a fine mist of fuel #12;ReformingReforming of Diesel Fuel for Transportation Applications J. P. Kopasz, S. Lottes, D-J. Liu, R. Ahluwalia, V. Novick and S. Ahmed Argonne National Laboratory Applications of diesel fuel reforming

  18. Cite this paper as follows: Lisa (Ling) Liu, Bertrand Meyer and Bernd Schoeller, Using contracts and boolean queries to improve the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meyer, Bertrand

    likely to uncover bugs. The key issue is to define criteria for selecting such interesting states to actual production software, in particular the EiffelBase library of fundamental data structures of automatic test generation Lisa (Ling) Liu Bertrand Meyer Bernd Schoeller Chair of Software Engineering, ETH

  19. ACM Reference Format Pottmann, H., Liu, Y., Wallner, J., Bobenko, A., Wang, W. 2007. Geometry of Multi-layer Freeform Structures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bobenko, Alexander I.

    ACM Reference Format Pottmann, H., Liu, Y., Wallner, J., Bobenko, A., Wang, W. 2007. Geometry of Multi-layer Freeform Structures for Architecture. ACM Trans. Graph. 26, 3, Article 65 (July 2007), 11 pages. DOI = 10.1145/1239451.1239516 http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1239451.1239516. Copyright Notice

  20. Cloudy with a Chance of Breach: Forecasting Cyber Security Incidents Yang Liu1, Armin Sarabi1, Jing Zhang1, Parinaz Naghizadeh1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Mingyan

    Cloudy with a Chance of Breach: Forecasting Cyber Security Incidents Yang Liu1, Armin Sarabi1, Jing In this study we characterize the extent to which cyber security incidents, such as those referenced by Verizon to understand the extent to which one can forecast if an organization may suffer a cyber security incident

  1. Filament Eruption after the Onset of the X1.5 Flare on 2005 September 13 Haimin Wang, Chang Liu, Ju Jing, and Vasyl Yurchyshyn

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Filament Eruption after the Onset of the X1.5 Flare on 2005 September 13 Haimin Wang, Chang Liu, Ju Erupting filaments usually play the role as the initial driver of flaring process pre- ceding September 13, a filament at the boundary of the NOAA AR 0808 erupted 13 minutes after the flare onset at 19

  2. An Internet-based computing platform for the boundary element method M. Nuggehally, Y.J. Liu*, S.B. Chaudhari, P. Thampi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Yijun

    An Internet-based computing platform for the boundary element method M. Nuggehally, Y.J. Liu*, S November 2002; accepted 3 February 2003 Abstract Computers combined with the Internet are dramatically are moving to the Internet, prompted by the promising advantages, such as easy access for users everywhere

  3. Trajectory Forecast as a Rapid Response to the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill Yonggang Liu, Robert H. Weisberg, Chuanmin Hu, and Lianyuan Zheng

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meyers, Steven D.

    better or worse than the others throughout the event with one excep- tion. The lessons learned fromTrajectory Forecast as a Rapid Response to the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill Yonggang Liu, Robert H. Petersburg, Florida, USA In response to the Gulf of Mexico Deepwater Horizon oil spill, a Lagrangian

  4. SAND: A Fault-Tolerant Streaming Architecture for Network Traffic Analytics Qin Liu, John C.S. Lui, Cheng He, Lujia Pan, Wei Fan, Yunlong Shi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lui, John C.S.

    SAND: A Fault-Tolerant Streaming Architecture for Network Traffic Analytics Qin Liu, John C.S. Lui is essential for network analytics. In this paper, we present the design and implementation of SAND, a fault-tolerant distributed stream processing system for network analytics. SAND is designed to operate under high

  5. Ecological Modelling 229 (2012) 6475 Contents lists available at SciVerse ScienceDirect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lopez-Carr, David

    2012-01-01

    ­natural systems: Spatial and multi-level models of tropical land use and cover change (LUCC) in Guatemala David (Lambin et al., 2003; Carr, 2004). Recent empirical studies have uncovered feedbacks within migration and LUCC (Carr, 2009), population change and LUCC (Liu et al., 2001), and socio-economic development

  6. Planning and Control of Electric Vehicles Using Dynamic Energy Capacity Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Wei

    for a large population of Plug-in Electric Vehicles (PEVs) for demand response applications. We consider both costs. I. INTRODUCTION The number of Plug-in Electric Vehicles (PEVs) is ex- pected to be more than onePlanning and Control of Electric Vehicles Using Dynamic Energy Capacity Models Jianzhe Liu*, Sen Li

  7. Predicting Protein Folds with Structural Repeats Using a Chain Graph Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carbonell, Jaime

    Predicting Protein Folds with Structural Repeats Using a Chain Graph Model Yan Liu yanliu, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213 USA Abstract Protein fold recognition is a key step to to accurately identify protein folds aris- ing from typical spatial arrangements of well-defined secondary

  8. ARSA: A Sentiment-Aware Model for Predicting Sales Performance Using Blogs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Jimmy

    ARSA: A Sentiment-Aware Model for Predicting Sales Performance Using Blogs Yang Liu1 , Xiangji, Toronto, Canada 2 School of Information Technology York University, Toronto, Canada yliu@cse.yorku.ca, jhuang@yorku.ca, aan@cse.yorku.ca, xhyu@yorku.ca ABSTRACT Due to its high popularity, Weblogs (or blogs

  9. An Evaluation of High Order Spatial Accuracy Algorithms for Modeling Fixed and Rotary Wing Tip regions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 An Evaluation of High Order Spatial Accuracy Algorithms for Modeling Fixed and Rotary Wing Tip Nielsen Engineering and Research, Inc., Mountain View, CA 94043-2212 Yi Liu, Radhika Gupta, and L. N. Sankar School of Aerospace Engineering, Georgia Tech, Atlanta, GA 30332-0150 ABSTRACT Several high order

  10. Rechargeable Li/CO2O2 (2 : 1) battery and Li/CO2 Yali Liu, Rui Wang, Yingchun Lyu, Hong Li* and Liquan Chen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Wei Hua

    under suitable conditions. Therefore, it is plausible that a recharge- able Li/CO2 battery couldRechargeable Li/CO2­O2 (2 : 1) battery and Li/CO2 battery Yali Liu, Rui Wang, Yingchun Lyu, Hong Li* and Liquan Chen A Li/CO2­O2 (2 : 1, volume ratio) battery and a Li/CO2 battery with discharging specific

  11. Initiation of the San Jacinto Fault and its Interaction with the San Andreas Fault: Insights from Geodynamic Modeling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Mian

    Initiation of the San Jacinto Fault and its Interaction with the San Andreas Fault: Insights from Geodynamic Modeling QINGSONG LI 1,2 and MIAN LIU 1 Abstract--The San Andreas Fault (SAF) is the Pacific is accommodated by the San Jacinto Fault (SJF). Here we investigate the initiation of the SJF and its interaction

  12. Sliding Mode Flow Rate Observer Design Song Liu and Bin Yao

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yao, Bin

    with the control valves (i.e., the cylinder internal and external leakage flows, and so on). It is assumed that: a rate information is needed in a lot of applications, such as automated modelling of valve flow mapping

  13. Design and Modeling of the NU Smart Space Drilling System (SSDS) Yinghui Liu, Brian Weinberg, Constantinos Mavroidis*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mavroidis, Constantinos

    has recently established a new strategic roadmap for the human exploration of Mars within the next 20 investigation, human colonization of extraterrestrial planets and resource production. Investigation for life organisms on Mars must be extended to beneath the surface of the planet. To date, drilling has only been

  14. IMAGE TAMPERING IDENTIFICATION USING BLIND DECONVOLUTION Ashwin Swaminathan, Min Wu cand K. J. Ray Liu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, K. J. Ray

    IMAGE TAMPERING IDENTIFICATION USING BLIND DECONVOLUTION Ashwin Swaminathan, Min Wu cand K. J. Ray that many tampering operations can be ap- proximated as a combination of linear and non-linear com- ponents. We model the linear part of the tampering process as a filter, and obtain its coefficients using

  15. Mining Exceptional Activity Patterns in Microstructure Data Yuming Ou, Longbing Cao, Chao Luo and Li Liu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cao, Longbing

    surveillance is essential to design market models and business rules, as well as maintain the market integrity {yuming, lbcao, chaoluo, liliu}@it.uts.edu.au Abstract Market Surveillance plays an important role in maintaining market integrity, transparency and fairnesss. The existing trading pattern analysis only focuses

  16. Realizing an Open Ubiquitous Environment in a RESTful Way Yong Liu, Kay Connelly

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Connelly, Kay

    approaches to deploy an open ubiquitous computing environment using REST style services along with semantic for the environment and show how REST style services can contribute in moving ubiquitous computing technologies of ubiquitous computing, widely regarded as the next paradigm of computing and a post-desktop model of human

  17. SDI: Solar Dome Instrument for Solar Irradiance Monitoring Tao Liu1, Ankur U. Kamthe1, Varick L. Erickson1, Carlos F. M. Coimbra2 and Alberto E. Cerpa1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cerpa, Alberto E.

    SDI: Solar Dome Instrument for Solar Irradiance Monitoring Tao Liu1, Ankur U. Kamthe1, Varick L data for ground solar irradiance (direct normal and global irradiance) is a major obstacle for the de- velopment of adequate policies to promote and take advan- tage of existing solar technologies. Although

  18. Surface-based TBM Boosts Power to Detect Disease Effects on the Brain: An N=804 ADNI Study Yalin Wang1, Yang Song2, Priya Rajagopalan3, Tuo An3, Krystal Liu3, YiYu Chou3,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Yalin

    Wang1, Yang Song2, Priya Rajagopalan3, Tuo An3, Krystal Liu3, YiYu Chou3, Boris Gutman3, Arthur W. Toga3, Paul M. Thompson3 1Computer Science and Engineering, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ, USA 2; Chou et al., 2010). We then reconstruct the surfaces and compute conformal coordinates

  19. TiO2 Nanotube Arrays Annealed in N2 for Efficient Lithium-Ion Intercalation Dawei Liu, Peng Xiao,, Yunhuai Zhang,, Betzaida B. Garcia, Qifeng Zhang, Qing Guo,|

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cao, Guozhong

    TiO2 Nanotube Arrays Annealed in N2 for Efficient Lithium-Ion Intercalation Dawei Liu, Peng Xiao capacity and improved cyclic stability. TiO2 nanotube arrays annealed at 300 °C exhibited the best lithium capacity decreased, but the cyclic stability improved; 400 °C annealed TiO2 nanotube arrays possessed

  20. A Method for Simulating Heat Recovery Systems Using AirModel in Implementations of the ASHRAE Simplified Energy Analysis Procedure 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, C.; Zeig, M.; Claridge, D. E.; Wei, G.; Bruner, H.; Turner, W. D.

    2005-01-01

    A Method for Simulating Heat Recovery Systems Using AirModel in Implementations of the ASHRAE Simplified Energy Analysis Procedure Chenggang Liu Research Associate Energy Systems Laboratory Texas A&M University College Station, TX Marvin..., TX W. Dan Turner, Ph.D., P.E. Professor & Director Energy Systems Laboratory Texas A&M University College Station, TX Abstract A method for simulating heat recovery systems using AirModel in implementations of the ASHRAE simplified...

  1. Nonlinear elasto-plastic model for dense granular flow

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ken Kamrin

    2009-05-07

    This work proposes a model for granular deformation that predicts the stress and velocity profiles in well-developed dense granular flows. Recent models for granular elasticity (Jiang and Liu 2003) and rate-sensitive plastic flow (Jop et al. 2006) are reformulated and combined into one universal granular continuum law, capable of predicting flowing regions and stagnant zones simultaneously in any arbitrary 3D flow geometry. The unification is performed by justifying and implementing a Kroner-Lee elasto-plastic decomposition, with care taken to ensure certain continuum physical principles are necessarily upheld. The model is then numerically implemented in multiple geometries and results are compared to experiments and discrete simulations.

  2. Curriculum Vitae TIJIANG LIU

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adams, Philip W.

    . Having designed and built up a pump station; operation and maintenance of vacuum evaporation deposition refrigerator and a variety of other cryostats; operation and maintenance of PPMS and MPMS-SQUID-VSM with ever cool systems; Vacuum System: vacuum techniques including mechanical, diffusion, turbo-molecular pumps

  3. liu-98.pdf

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust,Field-effectWorkingLosThe 26th AnnualHistoryM aterials SAutomaticImproved Retrieval of1

  4. liu-99.PDF

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust,Field-effectWorkingLosThe 26th AnnualHistoryM aterials SAutomaticImproved Retrieval

  5. Detecting Unknown Turning Points Using Piecewise Growth Mixture Models: A Comparison of ML/EM versus Bayesian Estimation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ning, Ling

    2015-08-05

    (IC) statistics, (b) nested model likelihood ratio test derivative, (c) the entropy statistic and entropy-penalty based indexes, (d) goodness of fit tests (Bauer & Curran, 2003b; Liu & Hancock, 2014; Peugh & Fan, 2012; Peugh & Fan, 2015; Tofighi... rescaled entropy 18 measure proposed by Ramaswamy, DeSarbo, Reibstein, and Robinson (1993). The rescaled entropy ranges from 0 to 1 with 1 indicating perfect classification (Bauer & Curran, 2003a; B. Muthén & Muthén, 2000). Celeux & Soromenho (1996...

  6. Zhong, Fengtian He, Guo-Cheng Yuan, Da-Zhi Wang and Chunyu Zeng Yujia Yang, Yukai Liu, Zaicheng Xu, Duofen He, Xiaoqun Zhang, Xiaoyun Hu, Luca Pinello, Dan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yuan, Guo-Cheng "GC"

    Zhong, Fengtian He, Guo-Cheng Yuan, Da-Zhi Wang and Chunyu Zeng Yujia Yang, Yukai Liu, Zaicheng Xu ; Xiaoqun Zhang, BS1 ; Xiaoyun Hu, MS2 ; Luca Pinello, PhD4 ; Dan Zhong, PhD3 ; Fengtian He, MD, PhD3 ; Guo-Cheng Yuan, PhD4 ; Da-Zhi Wang, PhD2,5 ; Chunyu Zeng, MD, PhD1 1 Dept of Cardiology, Chongqing Institute

  7. Origin of the superior conductivity of perovskite Ba(Sr)SnO3 Heng-Rui Liu, Ji-Hui Yang, H. J. Xiang, X. G. Gong, and Su-Huai Wei

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gong, Xingao

    Origin of the superior conductivity of perovskite Ba(Sr)SnO3 Heng-Rui Liu, Ji-Hui Yang, H. J. Xiang://apl.aip.org/features/most_downloaded Information for Authors: http://apl.aip.org/authors #12;Origin of the superior conductivity of perovskite Ba) are unique perovskite oxides in that they have superior electron conductivity despite their wide optical band

  8. FAST PHYSICS TESTBED FOR THE FASTER PROJECT W. Lin, Y. Liu, and M. Jensen, Brookhaven National Laboratory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    - resolution modeling (HRM). The web-based SCM-Testbed features multiple SCMs from major climate modeling and skills of physical parameterizations under all weather conditions. The high- resolution modeling (HRM processes and their parameterizations. A four-tier HRM framework is established to augment the SCM- and NWP

  9. A Mobile-based Face Verification System Zongying Ou, Tieming Su, Fan Ou, Jianxin Zhang, Dianting Liu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shyu, Mei-Ling

    contains two modules: Model training module and Verification module. The verification module will run putting verification module into implementation the verification model training module should run first to yield the model parameters for verification. The training module will run on a table computer since

  10. Performance Model for a Prioritized MultipleBus Multiprocessor System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    John, Lizy Kurian

    , Ravi [20], Chang, Kuck and Lawrie [5], Bhuyan [2], Das and Bhuyan [7], Liu and Jou [13] etc. derived

  11. OPTIMIZATION OF SPATIAL FILTERING SENSOR FOR BIOMEDICAL APPLICATIONS W.G. Besio, S.M. Kay, X. Liu, O. Makeyev

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Besio, Walter G.

    of conventional biopotential sensors for applications such as electroencephalography (EEG), electrocardiography tripolar concentric ring biopotential sensors to estimate the Laplacian for ECG and EEG have been reported, and an optimal combination of the electrodes of a tripolar concentric ring biopotential sensor. A planer model

  12. UBC Social Ecological Economic Development Studies (SEEDS) Student Report Haoyi Liu, Hinson Tsang, Michael Lam, Terranda Yeung

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , individual thermal comfort differs in age, metabolic rate, gender, and many other factors. Personal heaters of an energy efficient convection heater model. The primary investigation includes the market field trip product review, and manufacturing background information will help further understand the sustainability

  13. Intracluster Moves for Constrained Discrete-Space MCMC Firas Hamze

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Freitas, Nando de

    & Kotagiri 2002), mixture models (Liu, Zhang, Palumbo & Lawrence 2003) and multiple instance learning (K¨uck

  14. Liu aLumnus heads ikea new hope for africa cuLturaL jigsaw puzzLes feLL in Love with sweden warm encounters Antarctic adventureLiU alumnus Carl Wernhoff has been chasing photons at the South Pole | page 12

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhao, Yuxiao

    Solar energy gives hope LiU hosted World Renewable Energy Congress | page 22 magazine Energy Congress 2011. It was a week of critical assessment of issues rela- ting to renewable energy. "Many small drops can form a river, which is the foundation for future energy systems. The solution

  15. Data Stream Processing Mengmeng Liu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ives, Zachary G.

    Engine · Why not Database Management System (DBMS)? ­ Data sources: external sources (e.g. sensors) vs. human issuing transactions ­ Data support: history data vs. current data ­ Query precision: approximate

  16. REGINA Y. LIU CURRICULUM VITAE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jornsten, Rebecka

    University, 2005­ Member, SAS Bylaws Committee, Rutgers University, 2006 Seminar Chair, Department-2007, 2007-2010) National Security Agency (2004-2005, 2005-2007) Federal Aviation Administration (2000-2003, 2003-2006) National Institutes of Health (2005-2009) EDITORIAL ACTIVITIES: Associate Editor, The Annals

  17. The Yi Liu Group - Home

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust,Field-effectWorking With U.S.Week DayDr. Jeffrey publication of the Group Members News

  18. Yuzi Liu | Argonne National Laboratory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust,Field-effectWorkingLos Alamos verifies largest single|YejunOpportunityYue Lu Yue LuYao

  19. ASSESSMENTVILLE A PREVIEW Ehud Sharlin1, Benjamin Watson2, Lili Liu1, Steve Sutphen1, Robert Lederer1, Pablo Figueroa1 and John Frazer3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sharlin, Ehud

    of the precise physical counterparts (3D print-out) of the virtual models. The CMP's usage of identical physical

  20. SMM: Scalable Analysis of Power Delivery Networks by Stochastic Moment Andrew B. Kahng, Bao Liu and Sheldon X.-D. Tan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Bao

    system is critical to system performance and functionality. VLSI power/ground supply network analysis and system performance verification are closely related. P/G supply net- work analysis needs performance waveform envelopes [3]; model order reduction techniques extract electrical behavior charac- teristics

  1. BRVO: Predicting Pedestrian Trajectories using Velocity-Space Reasoning Sujeong Kim Stephen J. Guy Wenxi Liu David Wilkie Rynson W. H. Lau Ming C. Lin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lau, W. H. Nynson

    BRVO: Predicting Pedestrian Trajectories using Velocity-Space Reasoning Sujeong Kim Stephen J. Guy method to predict pedestrian tra- jectories using agent-based velocity-space reasoning for improved human of each mov- ing pedestrian in a robot's environment and improves the motion model by adaptively learning

  2. BRVO: Predicting Pedestrian Trajectories using Velocity-Space Reasoning Sujeong Kim Stephen J. Guy Wenxi Liu David Wilkie Rynson W. H. Lau Ming C. Lin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    North Carolina at Chapel Hill, University of

    BRVO: Predicting Pedestrian Trajectories using Velocity-Space Reasoning Sujeong Kim Stephen J. Guy://gamma.cs.unc.edu/BRVO/ Abstract We introduce a novel, online method to predict pedestrian tra- jectories using agent- lation uses velocity obstacles to model the trajectory of each mov- ing pedestrian in a robot

  3. Paraphrastic Neural Network Language Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, X.; Gales, M. J. F.; Woodland, P. C.

    2014-01-01

    Intelligence and Statistics, Barbados, 2005, pp.246-252. [24] M. Mohri (1997). “Finite-state transducers in language and speech processing”, Computational Linguistics, 23:2, 1997. [25] J. Park, X. Liu, M. J. F. Gales and P. C. Woodland (2010), “Improved neural...

  4. HIGH HONORS Juan Acosta

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spirtes, Peter

    Ruiyang Lin Ruoshu Liu Xingnan Liu Yu Liu Angela Liu Zhuoran Liu Tristan Lockwood Chloe Lula Sophia Makal

  5. Collective Magnetic Behavior of Graphene Nanohole Superlattices Decai Yu, Elizabeth M. Lupton, Miao Liu, Wei Liu, and Feng Liu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simons, Jack

    Collective Magnetic Behavior of Graphene Nanohole Superlattices Decai Yu, Elizabeth M. Lupton, Miao "bulk" magnets--the graphene nanohole (GNH) superlattices with each GNH acting like a "super" magnetic for storage media and spintronics applications is discussed. KEYWORDS Graphene, magnetism, spin, magnetic

  6. The 13C-Pocket Structure in AGB Models: Constraints from Zirconium Isotope Abundances in Single Mainstream SiC Grains

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Nan; Bisterzo, Sara; Davis, Andrew M; Savina, Michael R; Pellin, Michael J

    2014-01-01

    We present postprocess AGB nucleosynthesis models with different $^{13}$C-pocket internal structures to better explain zirconium isotope measurements in mainstream presolar SiC grains by Nicolussi et al. (1997) and Barzyk et al. (2007). We show that higher-than-solar $^{92}$Zr/$^{94}$Zr ratios can be predicted by adopting a $^{13}$C-pocket with a flat $^{13}$C profile, instead of the previous decreasing-with-depth $^{13}$C profile. The improved agreement between grain data for zirconium isotopes and AGB models provides additional support for a recent proposal of a flat $^{13}$C profile based on barium isotopes in mainstream SiC grains by Liu et al. (2014).

  7. The {sup 13}C-pocket structure in AGB models: constraints from zirconium isotope abundances in single mainstream SiC grains

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Liu, Nan; Davis, Andrew M.; Pellin, Michael J. [Department of the Geophysical Sciences, The University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637 (United States); Gallino, Roberto; Bisterzo, Sara [Dipartimento di Fisica, Università di Torino, Torino I-10125 (Italy); Savina, Michael R., E-mail: lnsmile@uchicago.edu [Chicago Center for Cosmochemistry, Chicago, IL 60637 (United States)

    2014-06-20

    We present postprocess asymptotic giant branch (AGB) nucleosynthesis models with different {sup 13}C-pocket internal structures to better explain zirconium isotope measurements in mainstream presolar SiC grains by Nicolussi et al. and Barzyk et al. We show that higher-than-solar {sup 92}Zr/{sup 94}Zr ratios can be predicted by adopting a {sup 13}C-pocket with a flat {sup 13}C profile, instead of the previous decreasing-with-depth {sup 13}C profile. The improved agreement between grain data for zirconium isotopes and AGB models provides additional support for a recent proposal of a flat {sup 13}C profile based on barium isotopes in mainstream SiC grains by Liu et al.

  8. Zongrong Liu D. D. L. Chung

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chung, Deborah D.L.

    , metal coatings usually need to be sintered, electroplated, or deposited on the desired substrate materials can roughly be classified as coat- ings 4­7 , thermal fluids 8 , thermal grease 9 as coating materials because of their low hardness, which increases the total contact area of the joint

  9. Tong Liu awarded Sloan Fellowship - - Purdue University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    $author.value

    Partly with collaborators, he has settled important long-standing conjectures of Fontaine and Breuil, and made fundamental contributions to the more ...

  10. FIFA: Fast Incremental FIB Aggregation Yaoqing Liu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Lan

    in a super-linear trend, mostly due to the practice of multihoming and traffic engineering [1]. This has that merges multiple FIB entries into one, is probably the most practical solution since it is a software aggregatable and whose next- hops are the same. It is a software solution that can be applied to a single

  11. Women @ Energy: Bing Liu | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Marianne Francois Robin Goldstone is a computer scientist working in the High Performance Computing (HPC) division at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL). Women @...

  12. Hisham Zerriffi Liu Institute for Global Issues

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scott, Christopher

    , 2007 Notes: Based on UNDP's classification of developing countries. China's estimates are calculations and energy poverty #12;Water Poverty Index #12;Water Access Poverty #12;Electricity Access Poverty #12;Cooking 5 Share of population relying on different types of solid fuels for cooking by developing regions

  13. Anping Liu | Argonne Leadership Computing Facility

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room News Publications TraditionalWith PropaneNaturalTestAnAlexAnnualSRS

  14. ORISE: Faculty Research Experiences - Dr. Thomas Liu

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMass map shinesSolarNewsusceptometer underI REEECNO OFChicago No-Noticel l i a m HThomas

  15. Di-Jia Liu | Argonne National Laboratory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformation Current HAB Packet HanfordDOEDanielDeSmallDevelopment ofBrowse by Topic Energy

  16. Women @ Energy: Bing Liu | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirley Ann JacksonDepartment| Department of EnergyDataWind The United States isM. Rocha isBing

  17. Haijun Liu | Photosynthetic Antenna Research Center

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would likeUniverse (Journalvivo Low-Dose Lowï‚—34 Revision 0August 9,

  18. Mengran Liu | Photosynthetic Antenna Research Center

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMass map shines light on dark matter By SarahMODELINGMeetingsMembranesMemorial DayCUG

  19. Static pushover analyses of pile groups in liquefied and laterally spreading ground in centrifuge tests

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brandenberg, Scott J; Boulanger, R W; Kutter, Bruce L; Chang, Dongdong

    2007-01-01

    spreading ground during centrifuge tests. ” J. Geotech.and Liu, L. ?1995?. “Centrifuge modeling of liquefactionGonzales, L. ?2005?. “Centrifuge modeling of permeability

  20. MODELING TRAFFIC FLOW DYNAMICS ON MANAGED LANE FACILITY: A CELL TRANSMISSION MODEL BASED APPROACH

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Washington at Seattle, University of

    Liu, Zhang, Lao, and Wang 1 ABSTRACT1 With the increasing attention paid over environmental impacts: yinhai@uw.edu 1) Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Washington Box 352700, Seattle, WA 98195-2700 1) Department of Civil Engineering, University of New Mexico, MSC 01 1730

  1. Investigating ice nucleation in cirrus clouds with an aerosol-enabled Multiscale Modeling Framework

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Zhang, Chengzhu; Wang, Minghuai; Morrison, H.; Somerville, Richard C.; Zhang, Kai; Liu, Xiaohong; Li, J-L F.

    2014-11-06

    In this study, an aerosol-dependent ice nucleation scheme [Liu and Penner, 2005] has been implemented in an aerosol-enabled multi-scale modeling framework (PNNL MMF) to study ice formation in upper troposphere cirrus clouds through both homogeneous and heterogeneous nucleation. The MMF model represents cloud scale processes by embedding a cloud-resolving model (CRM) within each vertical column of a GCM grid. By explicitly linking ice nucleation to aerosol number concentration, CRM-scale temperature, relative humidity and vertical velocity, the new MMF model simulates the persistent high ice supersaturation and low ice number concentration (10 to 100/L) at cirrus temperatures. The low ice numbermore »is attributed to the dominance of heterogeneous nucleation in ice formation. The new model simulates the observed shift of the ice supersaturation PDF towards higher values at low temperatures following homogeneous nucleation threshold. The MMF models predict a higher frequency of midlatitude supersaturation in the Southern hemisphere and winter hemisphere, which is consistent with previous satellite and in-situ observations. It is shown that compared to a conventional GCM, the MMF is a more powerful model to emulate parameters that evolve over short time scales such as supersaturation. Sensitivity tests suggest that the simulated global distribution of ice clouds is sensitive to the ice nucleation schemes and the distribution of sulfate and dust aerosols. Simulations are also performed to test empirical parameters related to auto-conversion of ice crystals to snow. Results show that with a value of 250 ?m for the critical diameter, Dcs, that distinguishes ice crystals from snow, the model can produce good agreement to the satellite retrieved products in terms of cloud ice water path and ice water content, while the total ice water is not sensitive to the specification of Dcs value.« less

  2. Investigating ice nucleation in cirrus clouds with an aerosol-enabled Multiscale Modeling Framework

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhang, Chengzhu; Wang, Minghuai; Morrison, H.; Somerville, Richard C.; Zhang, Kai; Liu, Xiaohong; Li, J-L F.

    2014-12-01

    In this study, an aerosol-dependent ice nucleation scheme [Liu and Penner, 2005] has been implemented in an aerosol-enabled multi-scale modeling framework (PNNL MMF) to study ice formation in upper troposphere cirrus clouds through both homogeneous and heterogeneous nucleation. The MMF model represents cloud scale processes by embedding a cloud-resolving model (CRM) within each vertical column of a GCM grid. By explicitly linking ice nucleation to aerosol number concentration, CRM-scale temperature, relative humidity and vertical velocity, the new MMF model simulates the persistent high ice supersaturation and low ice number concentration (10 to 100/L) at cirrus temperatures. The low ice number is attributed to the dominance of heterogeneous nucleation in ice formation. The new model simulates the observed shift of the ice supersaturation PDF towards higher values at low temperatures following homogeneous nucleation threshold. The MMF models predict a higher frequency of midlatitude supersaturation in the Southern hemisphere and winter hemisphere, which is consistent with previous satellite and in-situ observations. It is shown that compared to a conventional GCM, the MMF is a more powerful model to emulate parameters that evolve over short time scales such as supersaturation. Sensitivity tests suggest that the simulated global distribution of ice clouds is sensitive to the ice nucleation schemes and the distribution of sulfate and dust aerosols. Simulations are also performed to test empirical parameters related to auto-conversion of ice crystals to snow. Results show that with a value of 250 ?m for the critical diameter, Dcs, that distinguishes ice crystals from snow, the model can produce good agreement to the satellite retrieved products in terms of cloud ice water path and ice water content, while the total ice water is not sensitive to the specification of Dcs value.

  3. Aerosol penetration of leak pathways : an examination of the available data and models.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Powers, Dana Auburn

    2009-04-01

    Data and models of aerosol particle deposition in leak pathways are described. Pathways considered include capillaries, orifices, slots and cracks in concrete. The Morewitz-Vaughan criterion for aerosol plugging of leak pathways is shown to be applicable only to a limited range of particle settling velocities and Stokes numbers. More useful are sampling efficiency criteria defined by Davies and by Liu and Agarwal. Deposition of particles can be limited by bounce from surfaces defining leak pathways and by resuspension of particles deposited on these surfaces. A model of the probability of particle bounce is described. Resuspension of deposited particles can be triggered by changes in flow conditions, particle impact on deposits and by shock or vibration of the surfaces. This examination was performed as part of the review of the AP1000 Standard Combined License Technical Report, APP-GW-GLN-12, Revision 0, 'Offsite and Control Room Dose Changes' (TR-112) in support of the USNRC AP1000 Standard Combined License Pre-Application Review.

  4. C.J. Ham, Y.Q. Liu, J.W. Connor, S.C. Cowley, R.J. Hastie, T.C. Hender and T.J. Martin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -F construction technique produces the most accurate value of the tearing mode stability index. Submitted to. Plasmas 7 3681) which constructs the tearing mode solution from calculated basis functions in the full be used to build sophisticated models of the plasma at low computational cost. The exterior region

  5. Cubic GaN formation in MnGaN multilayer films grown on 6H-SiC,,0001... Y. Cui, V. K. Lazorov, M. M. Goetz, H. Liu, D. P. Robertson, M. Gajdardziska-Josifovska,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Lian

    improved film quality possibly due to the surfactant effect of Mn. Based on the one-dimensional Ising model attention due to their applications in blue lasers, light- emitting diodes, and high-temperature electronics-III concentration can be controlled precisely. How- ever, limits exist as to how much one can vary the alloy

  6. Lifecycle Model

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    1997-05-21

    This chapter describes the lifecycle model used for the Departmental software engineering methodology.

  7. Supporting Information Liu et al. 10.1073/pnas.0914547107

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nelson, Celeste M.

    hour. Generation of Lentiviral Myosin Light Chain. The cDNA encoding human myosin light chain 2 (MGC

  8. Learning Active Facial Patches for Expression Analysis , Qingshan Liu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Junzhou

    expressions are invoked by a small number of facial muscles around the mouth, nose and eyes (See Figure 1(a.g. around mouth, eye), we try to discover the common and specific patches which are important to dis- pressions are located around mouth, nose, and eyes, and their locations are essential for explaining

  9. Greening Geographical Load Balancing Zhenhua Liu, Minghong Lin,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wierman, Adam

    " renew- able energy and reduce use of "brown" fossil fuel energy. We make two contributions. First, we balanc- ing" has been suggested to reduce energy cost by exploiting the electricity price differences that if electricity is dynamically priced in proportion to the instantaneous fraction of the total energy

  10. Zugang Liu, Ph.D. Department of Business

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nagurney, Anna

    ' environmental awareness, the more the consumers are willing to pay higher prices for eco-friendly products 67 competition intensity influence the profits of the decision-makers? 3. How do the manufacturers decide the eco-friendly in the various supply chain network structures: the retailer(s), the manufacturer with superior eco-friendly

  11. Time travelling in multicore Henry Liu and Ethan Zou

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Poonen, Bjorn

    ) and a Write TimeStamp (WTS) - WTS - time of last store - RTS - time of last read - Private memory - data Structure: WTS RTS Data 8 #12;TARDIS Example Core 0 Private Memory Shared Memory Core 1 Private MemoryPTS = 0 PTS = 0 WTS=0 RTS=0 A = 1 WTS=0 RTS=0 B = 0 Tasks: Set A=2 Print B Tasks: Set B=3 Print A 9 #12

  12. Kapp, Liu et al. page 1 SUPPLEMENTARY MATERIALS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lim, Wendell

    :weights standard_NO_HB_ENV_DEP.wts -backrub:minimize_movemap -nstruct Scan -ms:checkpoint:prefix -ms:checkpoint:interval 200 -ms:checkpoint:gz -score:weights standard_NO_HB_ENV_DEP.wts

  13. Robust Photo Retrieval Using World Semantics Hugo Liu*, Henry Lieberman*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lieberman, Henry

    ), and keyword co-occurrence statistics (Peat and Willet, 1991; Lin, 1998), as well as resources generated robust involves query expansion using a thesaurus or other lexical resource. The chief limitation a world semantic resource. The resource is automatically constructed from a large-scale freely available

  14. Searching for Interacting Features Zheng Zhao and Huan Liu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Huan

    poses a challenge to learning tasks such as classification. In the presence of many irrele- vant on its correlation with the class; but when combined with other features, it becomes very rele- vant

  15. Change-Impact Analysis of Firewall Policies Alex X. Liu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Alex X.

    shows an example firewall. J. Biskup and J. Lopez (Eds.): ESORICS 2007, LNCS 4734, pp. 155­170, 2007. c

  16. Postdoctoal Fellow e-mail: xiaoboli.liu@utoronto.ca

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to maintenance and operation. Civil aviation has enjoyed a quite safe flight records over the years, thanks

  17. Jonathan William Medley, Fan Liu Myers Chem 115

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and lithium cyanoborohydride are acid-stable reagents capable of rapidly reducing carbonyl compounds3Ph Ph CH3 (±) · At pH 7, reduction of carbonyl compounds with lithium cyanoborohydride is very slow reducing agent for reductive amination; acetic acid is frequently employed as a proton donor

  18. Evaluating Graph Coloring on Pascal Grosset, Peihong Zhu, Shusen Liu,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hall, Mary W.

    any relevant related works for graph coloring on GPUs · Main inspiration: o Gebremedhin and Manne o (G

  19. ScreenPass: Secure Password Entry on Touchscreen Dongtao Liu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cox, Landon

    , USA Eduardo Cuervo Duke University Durham, NC, USA Valentin Pistol Duke University Durham, NC, USA

  20. Decentralized Inference over Multiple Access Ke Liu, Hesham El Gamal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    El-Gamal, Hesham

    inherently calls for utilizing tools from statistical decision theory and communications theory. Earlier collect observation data about a hidden source and communicate relevant statistics to a receiver node medium that provides the physical communication environment for sensor networks. The problem

  1. Mining Distribution Change in Stock Order Streams Xiaoyan Liu#1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Rui

    by employing a natural Poisson distribution assumption about the nature of stock order streams. We establish that an oil company has found a new oil source, they will submit large numbers of orders to buy the stocks

  2. Evolution for the Sustainability of Internetware Daren Fang, Xiaodong Liu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Xiaodong

    by implementing evolvable designs. Secondly, rapid adaptations would renew and refresh the software with the up that is not adaptable will become obsolete sooner or later. Internetware is currently one of the prevailing paradigms power management adaptations using Web Ontology Language (OWL) - based user behavioral profiles

  3. Geographical Load Balancing with Renewables Zhenhua Liu, Minghong Lin,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Low, Steven H.

    a vital role in reducing the necessary capacity of renewable energy installed. Specifically, we perform significantly reduce the required capacity of renewable energy by using the energy more efficiently with "follow more wind than photovoltaic solar. 1. INTRODUCTION Energy consumption of data centers is of growing

  4. Interpretation of recent Antarctic sea ice variability Jiping Liu,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Biasutti, Michela

    the scanning multichannel microwave radiometer (SMMR) on the Nim- bus 7 satellite and the spatial sensor microwave/imager (SSMI) on several defense meteorological satellites provide so far the longest, quality in these studies is inadequate for covering one full, and potentially impor- tant, solar cycle ($22 years

  5. Inception: Towards a Nested Cloud Architecture Changbin Liu Yun Mao

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greenberg, Albert

    slow in adopting a large number of innovative technologies, such as live VM migration, dynamic resource of a large number of innovative technologies at the hypervisor level in the areas of dynamic resource on the server and boot up elsewhere. We argue that such obstacles against rapid innovation do not exist

  6. Xiaodong Chen, Andrs Via, Frank Lupi, Jianguo Liu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jager, Henriette I.

    ;Conflicts Between Bioenergy and Biodiversity Natural environment provides bioenergy to humans In developing countries, about 30% of energy supplies come from fuelwood Natural environment also supports biological are encouraged to purchase electricity with the payment to replace fuelwood Natural Forest Conservation Program

  7. hello, poindexter! THE (UN)REMARKABLE DR. CHARLES LIU

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Charles

    class, "Intro to Space Science, Matter and Energy" at the American Museum of Natural History, my nostalgia for the weekly two-hour-long car rides with my dad as he drove me home from my grandparent's house place for my brother and I since it was equidistant between my dad in Connecticut, and my mom in New

  8. Yan Liu | Center for Bio-Inspired Solar Fuel Production

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home RoomPreservationBio-Inspired SolarAboutXu Named MineralogicalComplexSecurity/UTAna Moore Anne

  9. Microsoft PowerPoint - liu_talk.ppt [Compatibility Mode]

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMass map shines light on darkMicroorganismsnowReportJ. Conti DirectorPageResults- Meeting

  10. Minghui Liu | Center for Bio-Inspired Solar Fuel Production

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformationJessework uses concrete7 Assessment ofLana7,Mimicking theMineral Deformation

  11. Microsoft PowerPoint - ARM07_hguo_Liu

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMass map shines light on darkMicroorganisms to SpeedJacksonville, Illinoisb Effects of

  12. OSPREY Model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Veronica J. Rutledge

    2013-01-01

    The absence of industrial scale nuclear fuel reprocessing in the U.S. has precluded the necessary driver for developing the advanced simulation capability now prevalent in so many other countries. Thus, it is essential to model complex series of unit operations to simulate, understand, and predict inherent transient behavior and feedback loops. A capability of accurately simulating the dynamic behavior of advanced fuel cycle separation processes will provide substantial cost savings and many technical benefits. The specific fuel cycle separation process discussed in this report is the off-gas treatment system. The off-gas separation consists of a series of scrubbers and adsorption beds to capture constituents of interest. Dynamic models are being developed to simulate each unit operation involved so each unit operation can be used as a stand-alone model and in series with multiple others. Currently, an adsorption model has been developed within Multi-physics Object Oriented Simulation Environment (MOOSE) developed at the Idaho National Laboratory (INL). Off-gas Separation and REcoverY (OSPREY) models the adsorption of off-gas constituents for dispersed plug flow in a packed bed under non-isothermal and non-isobaric conditions. Inputs to the model include gas, sorbent, and column properties, equilibrium and kinetic data, and inlet conditions. The simulation outputs component concentrations along the column length as a function of time from which breakthrough data is obtained. The breakthrough data can be used to determine bed capacity, which in turn can be used to size columns. It also outputs temperature along the column length as a function of time and pressure drop along the column length. Experimental data and parameters were input into the adsorption model to develop models specific for krypton adsorption. The same can be done for iodine, xenon, and tritium. The model will be validated with experimental breakthrough curves. Customers will be given access to OSPREY to used and evaluate the model.

  13. Identifying Mobiles Hiding behind Wireless Routers Yinjie Chen, Zhongli Liu, Benyuan Liu, Xinwen Fu and Wei Zhao

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Benyuan

    criminals to commit crimes including accessing illegal content anonymously. Experienced hackers don't hack or hacked wireless networks with weak encryption to commit remote attacks while hiding behind wire- less household and small business wireless routers don't maintain logs or mechanisms for such wireless network

  14. Modeling Quality Information within Business Process Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paech, Barbara

    Modeling Quality Information within Business Process Models Robert Heinrich, Alexander Kappe. Business process models are a useful means to document information about structure and behavior literature and tool survey on modeling quality information within business process models. Keywords: Business

  15. Modeling of CO2 Reduction Impacts on Energy Prices with Modelica Philip Machanick1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Machanick, Philip

    at an increasing rate as technologies such as wind, solar and carbon capture and storage mature ­ hence the need.machanick@gmail.com, petfr@ida.liu.se Abstract There is growing evidence that anthropogenic carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions will then grow at an increas- ing rate as technologies such as wind, solar and car- bon capture and storage

  16. Analysis of a diffuse-interface model for the binary viscous ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2015-01-23

    The physically relevant energy density function F that represents the two .... compact linear operator on H and ?S · ? is a norm on D(S) that is ..... The proof is based on a semi-Galerkin method (see, for instance, Lin and Liu [17] for a simplified ..... Then Theorem 3.3 is a direct consequence of the following higher-

  17. Modelling osteomyelitis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liò, Pietro; Paoletti, Nicola; Moni, Mohammad A; Atwell, Kathryn; Merelli, Emanuela; Viceconti, Marco

    2012-09-07

    be: x < xmax ? ? : x = x + 1 x < xmin ? ? : x = x ? 1 where xmax and xmin are the maximum and the mini- mum x, resp. In other words, growth rates in the ODE model become the stochastic rates in a transition incre- menting the population size, while...

  18. Criticality Model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    A. Alsaed

    2004-09-14

    The ''Disposal Criticality Analysis Methodology Topical Report'' (YMP 2003) presents the methodology for evaluating potential criticality situations in the monitored geologic repository. As stated in the referenced Topical Report, the detailed methodology for performing the disposal criticality analyses will be documented in model reports. Many of the models developed in support of the Topical Report differ from the definition of models as given in the Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste Management procedure AP-SIII.10Q, ''Models'', in that they are procedural, rather than mathematical. These model reports document the detailed methodology necessary to implement the approach presented in the Disposal Criticality Analysis Methodology Topical Report and provide calculations utilizing the methodology. Thus, the governing procedure for this type of report is AP-3.12Q, ''Design Calculations and Analyses''. The ''Criticality Model'' is of this latter type, providing a process evaluating the criticality potential of in-package and external configurations. The purpose of this analysis is to layout the process for calculating the criticality potential for various in-package and external configurations and to calculate lower-bound tolerance limit (LBTL) values and determine range of applicability (ROA) parameters. The LBTL calculations and the ROA determinations are performed using selected benchmark experiments that are applicable to various waste forms and various in-package and external configurations. The waste forms considered in this calculation are pressurized water reactor (PWR), boiling water reactor (BWR), Fast Flux Test Facility (FFTF), Training Research Isotope General Atomic (TRIGA), Enrico Fermi, Shippingport pressurized water reactor, Shippingport light water breeder reactor (LWBR), N-Reactor, Melt and Dilute, and Fort Saint Vrain Reactor spent nuclear fuel (SNF). The scope of this analysis is to document the criticality computational method. The criticality computational method will be used for evaluating the criticality potential of configurations of fissionable materials (in-package and external to the waste package) within the repository at Yucca Mountain, Nevada for all waste packages/waste forms. The criticality computational method is also applicable to preclosure configurations. The criticality computational method is a component of the methodology presented in ''Disposal Criticality Analysis Methodology Topical Report'' (YMP 2003). How the criticality computational method fits in the overall disposal criticality analysis methodology is illustrated in Figure 1 (YMP 2003, Figure 3). This calculation will not provide direct input to the total system performance assessment for license application. It is to be used as necessary to determine the criticality potential of configuration classes as determined by the configuration probability analysis of the configuration generator model (BSC 2003a).

  19. Nuclear Models

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fossion, Ruben [Instituto de Ciencias Nucleares, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Apartado Postal 70-543, Mexico D. F., C.P. 04510 (Mexico)

    2010-09-10

    The atomic nucleus is a typical example of a many-body problem. On the one hand, the number of nucleons (protons and neutrons) that constitute the nucleus is too large to allow for exact calculations. On the other hand, the number of constituent particles is too small for the individual nuclear excitation states to be explained by statistical methods. Another problem, particular for the atomic nucleus, is that the nucleon-nucleon (n-n) interaction is not one of the fundamental forces of Nature, and is hard to put in a single closed equation. The nucleon-nucleon interaction also behaves differently between two free nucleons (bare interaction) and between two nucleons in the nuclear medium (dressed interaction).Because of the above reasons, specific nuclear many-body models have been devised of which each one sheds light on some selected aspects of nuclear structure. Only combining the viewpoints of different models, a global insight of the atomic nucleus can be gained. In this chapter, we revise the the Nuclear Shell Model as an example of the microscopic approach, and the Collective Model as an example of the geometric approach. Finally, we study the statistical properties of nuclear spectra, basing on symmetry principles, to find out whether there is quantum chaos in the atomic nucleus. All three major approaches have been rewarded with the Nobel Prize of Physics. In the text, we will stress how each approach introduces its own series of approximations to reduce the prohibitingly large number of degrees of freedom of the full many-body problem to a smaller manageable number of effective degrees of freedom.

  20. PHENOMENOLOGY Wireless Channel Modeling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Giridhar, K.

    PHENOMENOLOGY Wireless Channel Modeling Clarke's, Jakes' and modified Jakes' models Koyalkar Raman? What is channel modeling? Wireless channel modeling Modeling Fading ­ Rayleigh Clarke's, Jakes, they are short ranged, motion restricted. Channel Wired - Single Path - Motion Restricted Wireless - Multipath

  1. Models Datasets

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMass map shines light on77 PAGEMission MissionModeling distributed generation in8 May

  2. ISDAC Modeling

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would likeUniverse (JournalvivoHighHussein KhalilResearch88 Sign In About | WorkshopModeling

  3. Modeling Community Structure and Abundance Using Observer Data for the U.S. Gulf of Mexico Deepwater Reef Fish Fishery 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pulver, Jeffrey Robert

    2015-06-01

    of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE Chair of Committee, Hui Liu Committee Members, Wyndylyn von Zharen R. J. David Wells Intercollegiate Faculty Chair, Anna R. Armitage August 2015 Major Subject: Marine... Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration SEFSC Southeast Fisheries Science Center SERO Southeast Regional Office ZINB Zero-Inflated Negative Binomial v TABLE OF CONTENTS Page ABSTRACT...

  4. Engineering Analysis with Boundary Elements 30 (2006) 940948 Dual BIE approaches for modeling electrostatic MEMS problems with

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Yijun

    2006-01-01

    electrostatic MEMS problems with thin beams and accelerated by the fast multipole method Y.J. Liuà Department of electrostatic fields exterior to thin-beam structures as found in some micro-electro-mechanical systems (MEMS that the dual BIEs are very effective in solving MEMS problems with thin beams and the fast multipole BEM

  5. Protein Structure Modeling With MODELLER Narayanan Eswar$

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sali, Andrej

    of MODELLER to construct a comparative model for a protein with unknown structure. Automation of similar se- quence and the template(s); (iii) building a model based on the alignment with the cho- sen user intervention and within minutes on a desktop computer. Apart from model building, MODELLER can

  6. Multivariate Receptor Models and Model Uncertainty

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Washington at Seattle, University of

    Multivariate Receptor Models and Model Uncertainty Eun Sug Park Man-Suk Oh Peter Guttorp NRCSET e c provides the Center's primary funding. #12;Multivariate Receptor Models and Model Uncertainty Eun Sug Park1 composition profiles, and the source contributions is the main interest in multivariate receptor modeling. Due

  7. Data Models Avi Silberschatz

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Silberschatz, Avi

    . The various data models that have been proposed fall into three di erent groups: object-based logical models, record-based logical models, and physical data models. Physical data models are used to describe data models. Object-based logical models provide exible structuring capabilities and allow data constraints

  8. Modeling Traffic Flow Emissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cappiello, Alessandra

    2002-09-17

    The main topic of this thesis is the development of light-duty vehicle dynamic emission models and their integration with dynamic traffic models. Combined, these models

  9. Sandia Energy - Phenomenological Modeling

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Phenomenological Modeling Home Stationary Power Nuclear Fuel Cycle Nuclear Energy Safety Technologies Phenomenological Modeling Phenomenological ModelingTara Camacho-Lopez2015-05-1...

  10. Chemistry Old Models New Models The Mayo-Lewis Copolymerization Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ponomarenko, Vadim

    Chemistry Old Models New Models The Mayo-Lewis Copolymerization Model Vadim Ponomarenko Department://www-rohan.sdsu.edu/vadim/mayolewis.pdf #12;Chemistry Old Models New Models Outline Chemistry Old Models New Models #12;Chemistry Old Models New Models Outline Chemistry Old Models New Models #12;Chemistry Old Models New Models Basics

  11. MODELS AND HISTORY OF MODELING Hermann Schichl

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schichl, Hermann

    -Sun and Earth-Moon and, best known, the circumference of the Earth by a mathemati- cal/geometric model mechanics by circles, developed by 150 AD a mathematical model of the solar system with circlesChapter 2 MODELS AND HISTORY OF MODELING Hermann Schichl Institut f¨ur Mathematik der Universit

  12. I&C Modeling in SPAR Models

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    John A. Schroeder

    2012-06-01

    The Standardized Plant Analysis Risk (SPAR) models for the U.S. commercial nuclear power plants currently have very limited instrumentation and control (I&C) modeling [1]. Most of the I&C components in the operating plant SPAR models are related to the reactor protection system. This was identified as a finding during the industry peer review of SPAR models. While the Emergency Safeguard Features (ESF) actuation and control system was incorporated into the Peach Bottom Unit 2 SPAR model in a recent effort [2], various approaches to expend resources for detailed I&C modeling in other SPAR models are investigated.

  13. Hierarchical Dynamic Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Penny, Will

    Hierarchical Dynamic Models Will Penny OU Processes Embedding OU(2) process Dynamic Models Hierarchical Dynamic Models Will Penny 26th May 2011 #12;Hierarchical Dynamic Models Will Penny OU Processes Dynamic Models Will Penny OU Processes Embedding OU(2) process Dynamic Models Generalised coordinates

  14. Development of Reference Models and Design Tools (LCOE Models...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Development of Reference Models and Design Tools (LCOE Models) Development of Reference Models and Design Tools (LCOE Models) Development of Reference Models and Design Tools (LCOE...

  15. Topological Massive Sigma Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    N. D. Lambert

    1995-05-03

    In this paper we construct topological sigma models which include a potential and are related to twisted massive supersymmetric sigma models. Contrary to a previous construction these models have no central charge and do not require the manifold to admit a Killing vector. We use the topological massive sigma model constructed here to simplify the calculation of the observables. Lastly it is noted that this model can be viewed as interpolating between topological massless sigma models and topological Landau-Ginzburg models.

  16. Conventional regression models Unlabelled units

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCullagh, Peter

    Conventional regression models Unlabelled units Consequences Sampling bias in logistic models Peter effects #12;Conventional regression models Unlabelled units Consequences Outline 1 Conventional regression models Gaussian models Binary regression model Properties of conventional models 2 Unlabelled units Point

  17. Mapping incident photosynthetically active radiation from MODIS data over China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liang, Shunlin

    Mapping incident photosynthetically active radiation from MODIS data over China Ronggao Liu a Photosynthetically active radiation (PAR) is a key input parameter for almost all terrestrial ecosystem models of incident photosynthetically active radiation from Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectrometer data. Journal

  18. Parallel Multiple-Shooting and Collocation Optimization with OpenModelica

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhao, Yuxiao

    , Lennart Ochel1 , Vitalij Ruge1 , Mahder Gebremedhin2 , Peter Fritzson2 , Vaheed Nezhadali3 , Lars Eriksson.fritzson,mahder.gebremedhin,vaheed.nezhadali,lars.eriksson,marsi}@liu.se Abstract Nonlinear model

  19. Visualization of Charge Distribution in a Lithium Battery Electrode

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Jun

    2010-01-01

    Charge Distribution in a Lithium Battery Electrode Jun Liu,Modeling of a Lithium-Polymer Battery. J. Power SourcesBehavior of a Lithium-Polymer Battery. J. Power Sources

  20. The Effect of Orbital Forcing on the Mean Climate and Variability of the Tropical Pacific

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xie, Shang-Ping

    annual cycle (Timmermann et al. 2004a) and ENSO (Timmermann et al. 1999; Timmermann 2001; Philip and van- culation models (DeWitt and Schneider 1998, 2000; Codron 2001; Otto-Bliesner 1999; Liu et al. 2000; Otto

  1. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON MAGNETICS, VOL. 44, NO. 8, AUGUST 2008 2021 Modeling of Eddy-Current Loss of Electrical Machines and Transformers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mi, Chunting "Chris"

    for predicting iron losses and improving energy efficiency in electrical machines and transformers. Prediction of Electrical Machines and Transformers Operated by Pulsewidth-Modulated Inverters Ruifang Liu1;2, Chris) inverters are used more and more to operate electrical machines and to interface renewable energy systems

  2. Assessment of surface air temperature over the Arctic Ocean in reanalysis and IPCC AR4 model simulations with IABP/POLES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hu, Yongyun

    simulations with IABP/POLES observations Jiping Liu,1 Zhanhai Zhang,2 Yongyun Hu,3 Liqi Chen,4 Yongjiu Dai,5 Surface (IABP/POLES) observations for the period 1979­ 1999. The reanalyses, including the National Forecast 40-year Reanalysis (ERA40), show encouraging agreement with the IABP/POLES observations, although

  3. Model solution State variable model: differential equation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Limburg, Karin E.

    2/26/2014 1 Model solution State variable model: differential equation Models a rate of change equation General solution: the antiderivative Particular solution: require initial and boundary conditions up the general solution to a differential equation in a book Solve for initial and boundary

  4. Sandia Modeling Tool Webinar

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Webinar attendees will learn what collaborative, stakeholder-driven modeling is, how the models developed have been and could be used, and how specifically this process and resulting models might...

  5. Sandia Energy - Theory & Modeling

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Theory & Modeling Home Transportation Energy Predictive Simulation of Engines Combustion Chemistry Theory & Modeling Theory & ModelingAshley Otero2015-10-28T02:44:07+00:00 The CRF...

  6. Nonlinear models Nonlinear Regression

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Penny, Will

    Nonlinear models Will Penny Nonlinear Regression Nonlinear Regression Priors Energies Posterior Metropolis-Hasting Proposal density References Nonlinear models Will Penny Bayesian Inference Course, WTCN, UCL, March 2013 #12;Nonlinear models Will Penny Nonlinear Regression Nonlinear Regression Priors

  7. CAMPUS ENERGY MODEL

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

    003655IBMPC00 Campus Energy Model for Control and Performance Validation  https://github.com/NREL/CampusEnergyModeling/releases/tag/v0.2.1 

  8. Modeling and Analysis

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE modeling and analysis activities focus on reducing uncertainties and improving transparency in photovoltaics (PV) and concentrating solar power (CSP) performance modeling. The overall goal of...

  9. Biomass Scenario Model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2015-09-01

    The Biomass Scenario Model (BSM) is a unique, carefully validated, state-of-the-art dynamic model of the domestic biofuels supply chain which explicitly focuses on policy issues, their feasibility, and potential side effects. It integrates resource availability, physical/technological/economic constraints, behavior, and policy. The model uses a system dynamics simulation (not optimization) to model dynamic interactions across the supply chain.

  10. Next Generation Calibration Models with Dimensional Modeling...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Decision Tree Based Control Model-Based Transient Calibration Optimization for Next Generation Diesel Engines An Accelerated Aging Method for Diesel Exhaust Aftertreatment Systems...

  11. Dynamic cable analysis models

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Palo, P.A.; Meggitt, D.J.; Nordell, W.J.

    1983-05-01

    This paper presents a summary of the development and validation of undersea cable dynamics computer models by the Naval Civil Engineering Laboratory (NCEL) under the sponsorship of the Naval Facilities Engineering Command. These models allow for the analysis of both small displacement (strumming) and large displacement (static and dynamic) deformations of arbitrarily configured cable structures. All of the large displacement models described in this paper are available to the public. This paper does not emphasize the theoretical development of the models (this information is available in other references) but emphasizes the various features of the models, the comparisons between model output and experimental data, and applications for which the models have been used.

  12. Reducing Model Systematic Error through Super Modelling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Selten, Frank

    al., 2011 #12;Structure of Super Model COSMOS model (MPI, Germany) AGCM: ECHAM5, T31L19 (~3.75 degrees horizontally) OGCM: MPIOM, GR30L40 (~3 degrees) #12;Correlation of Wind Stress Ocean Atmosphere Performance Index (PI): Reichler & Kim, 2008, BAMS (1 )Nordeng TiedtkeQ Q Q = + - Mass , Momentum, Energy #12

  13. Ensemble Atmospheric Dispersion Modeling

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Addis, R.P.

    2002-06-24

    Prognostic atmospheric dispersion models are used to generate consequence assessments, which assist decision-makers in the event of a release from a nuclear facility. Differences in the forecast wind fields generated by various meteorological agencies, differences in the transport and diffusion models, as well as differences in the way these models treat the release source term, result in differences in the resulting plumes. Even dispersion models using the same wind fields may produce substantially different plumes. This talk will address how ensemble techniques may be used to enable atmospheric modelers to provide decision-makers with a more realistic understanding of how both the atmosphere and the models behave.

  14. computational modeling of biological systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    $author.value

    Faculty. Faculty listing for "computational modeling of biological systems" ... Research Interests: computational modeling of biological systems.

  15. CONTENT MODEL HOW-TO

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

    003241MLTPL00 Content Model Guidelines  https://github.com/usgin/usginspecs/wiki/Content-Model-Guidelines 

  16. Bayesian Model Bayes rule for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Penny, Will

    Bayesian Model Comparison Will Penny Bayes rule for models Bayes factors Nonlinear Models Model Comparison Will Penny June 2nd 2011 #12;Bayesian Model Comparison Will Penny Bayes rule for models and the denominator is given by p(y) = m p(y|m )p(m ) #12;Bayesian Model Comparison Will Penny Bayes rule for models

  17. A Poisson Fishing Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas S. Ferguson

    2011-01-01

    for this problem. 4. The Basic Fishing Model. We generalizeA Poisson Fishing Model 1 Thomas S. Ferguson, 08/30/94 2as a ?shing problem. 1. The Fishing Problem. One of the ?rst

  18. Sparse choice models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farias, Vivek F.

    Choice models, which capture popular preferences over objects of interest, play a key role in making decisions whose eventual outcome is impacted by human choice behavior. In most scenarios, the choice model, which can ...

  19. Improved steamflood analytical model 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chandra, Suandy

    2006-10-30

    The Jeff Jones steamflood model incorporates oil displacement by steam as described by Myhill and Stegemeier, and a three-component capture factor based on empirical correlations. The main drawback of the model however is the unsatisfactory...

  20. Dahl friction modeling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chou, Danielle, 1981-

    2004-01-01

    The drive behind improved friction models has been better prediction and control of dynamic systems. The earliest model was of classical Coulomb friction; however, the discontinuity during force reversal of the Coulomb ...

  1. Light Field Morphable Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Christoudias, Chris Mario

    2003-04-18

    Statistical shape and texture appearance models are powerful image representations, but previously had been restricted to 2D or simple 3D shapes. In this paper we present a novel 3D morphable model based on image-based ...

  2. Dawei Liu, Yanyi Liu, Anqiang Pan, Betzaida Batalla Garcia, Qifeng Zhang and Guozhong Cao Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Washington, Seattle 98195

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cao, Guozhong

    to fabricate nanostructure with large surface area, reduced lithium ion diffusion path and enhanced by the repeated conversion between chemical energy and electrical energy. Schematic of lithium ion battery cell deposition with cathodic voltage -1.8 V, Manganese acetate electrolyte, Pt coated Si substrate Local p

  3. Band-gap scaling of graphene nanohole superlattices Wei Liu,1,2 Z. F. Wang,2 Q. W. Shi,1 Jinlong Yang,1 and Feng Liu2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simons, Jack

    of potential applications.2 In addition to two- dimensional 2D graphene sheet, much attention has also been­5 and nanoholes antidots ,6­9 one-dimensional nanoribbons,10­16 as well as 2D graphene nanohole superlattices.6 confinement converting the semimetal graphene into semiconductors and the latter induces edge magnetism

  4. Model Fire Protection Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    To facilitate conformance with its fire safety directives and the implementation of a comprehensive fire protection program, DOE has developed a number of "model" program documents. These include a comprehensive model fire protection program, model fire hazards analyses and assessments, fire protection system inspection and testing procedures, and related material.

  5. IR DIAL performance modeling

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sharlemann, E.T.

    1994-07-01

    We are developing a DIAL performance model for CALIOPE at LLNL. The intent of the model is to provide quick and interactive parameter sensitivity calculations with immediate graphical output. A brief overview of the features of the performance model is given, along with an example of performance calculations for a non-CALIOPE application.

  6. Crushed Salt Constitutive Model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Callahan, G.D.

    1999-02-01

    The constitutive model used to describe the deformation of crushed salt is presented in this report. Two mechanisms -- dislocation creep and grain boundary diffusional pressure solution -- are combined to form the basis for the constitutive model governing the deformation of crushed salt. The constitutive model is generalized to represent three-dimensional states of stress. Upon complete consolidation, the crushed-salt model reproduces the Multimechanism Deformation (M-D) model typically used for the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) host geological formation salt. New shear consolidation tests are combined with an existing database that includes hydrostatic consolidation and shear consolidation tests conducted on WIPP and southeastern New Mexico salt. Nonlinear least-squares model fitting to the database produced two sets of material parameter values for the model -- one for the shear consolidation tests and one for a combination of the shear and hydrostatic consolidation tests. Using the parameter values determined from the fitted database, the constitutive model is validated against constant strain-rate tests. Shaft seal problems are analyzed to demonstrate model-predicted consolidation of the shaft seal crushed-salt component. Based on the fitting statistics, the ability of the model to predict the test data, and the ability of the model to predict load paths and test data outside of the fitted database, the model appears to capture the creep consolidation behavior of crushed salt reasonably well.

  7. Conceptual Model Biophysical

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wyoming, University of

    the ecological and social/economic sides of SRR's conceptual model. SRR participants developed the model, Security Current Biophysical Conditions Air, Water, Soils, Plants/Animals, Rocks Social Capacity & EconomicConceptual Model Current Biophysical Conditions Natural Resource Capital Social Capacity & Economic

  8. Complex matrix model duality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    T. W. Brown

    2011-10-10

    The same complex matrix model calculates both tachyon scattering for the c=1 non-critical string at the self-dual radius and certain correlation functions of half-BPS operators in N=4 super-Yang-Mills. It is dual to another complex matrix model where the couplings of the first model are encoded in the Kontsevich-like variables of the second. The duality between the theories is mirrored by the duality of their Feynman diagrams. Analogously to the Hermitian Kontsevich-Penner model, the correlation functions of the second model can be written as sums over discrete points in subspaces of the moduli space of punctured Riemann surfaces.

  9. UZ Colloid Transport Model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    M. McGraw

    2000-04-13

    The UZ Colloid Transport model development plan states that the objective of this Analysis/Model Report (AMR) is to document the development of a model for simulating unsaturated colloid transport. This objective includes the following: (1) use of a process level model to evaluate the potential mechanisms for colloid transport at Yucca Mountain; (2) Provide ranges of parameters for significant colloid transport processes to Performance Assessment (PA) for the unsaturated zone (UZ); (3) Provide a basis for development of an abstracted model for use in PA calculations.

  10. Chaos Models in Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sorin Vlad; Paul Pascu; Nicolae Morariu

    2010-01-20

    The paper discusses the main ideas of the chaos theory and presents mainly the importance of the nonlinearities in the mathematical models. Chaos and order are apparently two opposite terms. The fact that in chaos can be found a certain precise symmetry (Feigenbaum numbers) is even more surprising. As an illustration of the ubiquity of chaos, three models among many other existing models that have chaotic features are presented here: the nonlinear feedback profit model, one model for the simulation of the exchange rate and one application of the chaos theory in the capital markets.

  11. RELATIONSHIPS FOR MODELLING WATER FLOW IN GEOTECHNICAL CENTRIFUGE MODELS [abstract

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goodings, Deborah

    1984-01-01

    relationships between centrifuge model and prototype waterADVANCES IN GEOTECHNICAL CENTRIFUGE MODELING A symposium onAdvances in Geotechnical Centrifuge Modeling was held on

  12. Sandia Energy - Reference Model Documents

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Documents Home Stationary Power Energy Conversion Efficiency Water Power Reference Model Project (RMP) Reference Model Documents Reference Model DocumentsTara Camacho-Lopez2015-05-...

  13. Sandia Energy - Extreme Conditions Modeling

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Extreme Conditions Modeling Home Stationary Power Energy Conversion Efficiency Water Power Technology Development Extreme Conditions Modeling Extreme Conditions ModelingAshley...

  14. The model coupling toolkit.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Larson, J. W.; Jacob, R. L.; Foster, I.; Guo, J.

    2001-04-13

    The advent of coupled earth system models has raised an important question in parallel computing: What is the most effective method for coupling many parallel models to form a high-performance coupled modeling system? We present our solution to this problem--The Model Coupling Toolkit (MCT). We explain how our effort to construct the Next-Generation Coupler for NCAR Community Climate System Model motivated us to create this toolkit. We describe in detail the conceptual design of the MCT and explain its usage in constructing parallel coupled models. We present preliminary performance results for the toolkit's parallel data transfer facilities. Finally, we outline an agenda for future development of the MCT.

  15. Carcinogenesis models: An overview

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Moolgavkar, S.H. [Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, WA (United States)

    1992-12-31

    Biologically based mathematical models of carcinogenesis are not only an essential part of a rational approach to quantitative cancer risk assessment but also raise fundamental questions about the nature of the events leading to malignancy. In this paper two such models are reviewed. The first is the multistage model proposed by Armitage and Doll in the 1950s; most of the paper is devoted to a discussion of the two-mutation model proposed by the author and his colleagues. This model is a generalization of the idea of recessive oncogenesis proposed by Knudson and has been shown to be consistent with a large body of epidemiologic and experimental data. The usefulness of the model is illustrated by analyzing a large experimental data set in which rats exposed to radon developed malignant lung tumors.

  16. HOMER® Micropower Optimization Model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lilienthal, P.

    2005-01-01

    NREL has developed the HOMER micropower optimization model. The model can analyze all of the available small power technologies individually and in hybrid configurations to identify least-cost solutions to energy requirements. This capability is valuable to a diverse set of energy professionals and applications. NREL has actively supported its growing user base and developed training programs around the model. These activities are helping to grow the global market for solar technologies.

  17. Motivation Model Results Summary A generative model for feedback networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    White, Douglas R.

    Motivation Model Results Summary A generative model for feedback networks D.R. White1 N. Kejzar2 C #12;Motivation Model Results Summary Outline 1 Motivation An example 2 Model 3 Results Network properties Simulations #12;Motivation Model Results Summary Cycle formation in growing network How to model

  18. Scale Models & Wind Turbines

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Turbines * Readings about Cape Wind and other offshore and onshore siting debates for wind farms * Student Worksheet * A number of scale model items: Ken, Barbie or other dolls...

  19. The Standard Model

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Lincoln, Don

    2014-08-12

    Fermilab scientist Don Lincoln describes the Standard Model of particle physics, covering both the particles that make up the subatomic realm and the forces that govern them.

  20. A Model for India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Espinosa, Patricia Elizabeth

    2012-01-01

    Foundation Program in India WHO, World Health OrganizationA Model for IndiaDescription India is a conservative country. Talking about

  1. Mixed Solvent Electrolyte Model

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    With assistance from AMO, OLI Systems, Inc., developed the mixed-solvent electrolyte model, a comprehensive physical property package that can predict the properties of electrolyte systems ranging...

  2. VISION Model: Description

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2009-01-18

    Description of VISION model, which is used to estimate the impact of highway vehicle technologies and fuels on energy use and carbon emissions to 2050.

  3. Stat 490: Actuarial Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Math

    2011-11-29

    Nov 29, 2011 ... The Society of Actuaries website states: “Candidates may ONLY use the battery or solar–powered Texas Instruments BA–35 model calculator ...

  4. Photovoltaics Business Models

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Frantzis, L.; Graham, S.; Katofsky, R.; Sawyer, H.

    2008-02-01

    This report summarizes work to better understand the structure of future photovoltaics business models and the research, development, and demonstration required to support their deployment.

  5. Building Energy Modeling Library

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    303-567-8609 April 2, 2013 Photo by : Dennis Schroeder, NREL 23250 2 | Building Technologies Office eere.energy.gov Project Overview Building Energy Modeling (BEM)...

  6. Epidemic modeling techniques for smallpox

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McLean, Cory Y. (Cory Yuen Fu)

    2004-01-01

    Infectious disease models predict the impact of outbreaks. Discrepancies between model predictions stem from both the disease parameters used and the underlying mathematics of the models. Smallpox has been modeled extensively ...

  7. Model selection in compositional spaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grosse, Roger Baker

    2014-01-01

    We often build complex probabilistic models by composing simpler models-using one model to generate parameters or latent variables for another model. This allows us to express complex distributions over the observed data ...

  8. Biosphere Process Model Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    J. Schmitt

    2000-05-25

    To evaluate the postclosure performance of a potential monitored geologic repository at Yucca Mountain, a Total System Performance Assessment (TSPA) will be conducted. Nine Process Model Reports (PMRs), including this document, are being developed to summarize the technical basis for each of the process models supporting the TSPA model. These reports cover the following areas: (1) Integrated Site Model; (2) Unsaturated Zone Flow and Transport; (3) Near Field Environment; (4) Engineered Barrier System Degradation, Flow, and Transport; (5) Waste Package Degradation; (6) Waste Form Degradation; (7) Saturated Zone Flow and Transport; (8) Biosphere; and (9) Disruptive Events. Analysis/Model Reports (AMRs) contain the more detailed technical information used to support TSPA and the PMRs. The AMRs consists of data, analyses, models, software, and supporting documentation that will be used to defend the applicability of each process model for evaluating the postclosure performance of the potential Yucca Mountain repository system. This documentation will ensure the traceability of information from its source through its ultimate use in the TSPA-Site Recommendation (SR) and in the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) analysis processes. The objective of the Biosphere PMR is to summarize (1) the development of the biosphere model, and (2) the Biosphere Dose Conversion Factors (BDCFs) developed for use in TSPA. The Biosphere PMR does not present or summarize estimates of potential radiation doses to human receptors. Dose calculations are performed as part of TSPA and will be presented in the TSPA documentation. The biosphere model is a component of the process to evaluate postclosure repository performance and regulatory compliance for a potential monitored geologic repository at Yucca Mountain, Nevada. The biosphere model describes those exposure pathways in the biosphere by which radionuclides released from a potential repository could reach a human receptor. Collectively, the potential human receptor and exposure pathways form the biosphere model. More detailed technical information and data about potential human receptor groups and the characteristics of exposure pathways have been developed in a series of AMRs and Calculation Reports.

  9. Undergraduate Research Journalo f N C S t a t e U n i v e r s i t y

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Yang

    ) / National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) Mesoscale Modeling System Generation 5 Version 3.4 (MM5). The air quality model is the Model-3 Community Multiscale Air Quality (CMAQ) Modeling System. Both models of CMAQ in the Southeastern U.S. Evelyn Frazier and Ping Liu Faculty Advisor: Dr. Yang Zhang Department

  10. Blade Model Galerkin Approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patil, Mayuresh

    and Control Design of Active Helicopter Blades Matthias Althoff1 Mayuresh Patil2 Johannes Traugott1 1 design and simulation of smart helicopter blades Past Work (Traugott and Patil, SDM 2005) ChangedMotivation Blade Model Galerkin Approach Solution and Results Concluding Remarks Nonlinear Modeling

  11. MODELLING AND MONITORING IN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    substantially. Also an alternative model for the shrinkage of parts from a multi-cavity mold is suggested. FromMODELLING AND MONITORING IN INJECTION MOLDING Peter Thyregod LYNGBY 2001 IMM-PHD-2001-80 ATV by injection molding. The methods are illustrated with examples from the manufacturing of molded parts

  12. SUSY Model Building

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stuart Raby

    2007-10-19

    I review some of the latest directions in supersymmetric model building, focusing on SUSY breaking mechanisms in the minimal supersymmetric standard model [MSSM], the "little" hierarchy and $\\mu$ problems, etc. I then discuss SUSY GUTs and UV completions in string theory.

  13. String Model Building

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stuart Raby

    2009-11-06

    In this talk I review some recent progress in heterotic and F theory model building. I then consider work in progress attempting to find the F theory dual to a class of heterotic orbifold models which come quite close to the MSSM.

  14. Modeling for Insights

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jacob J. Jacobson; Gretchen Matthern

    2007-04-01

    System Dynamics is a computer-aided approach to evaluating the interrelationships of different components and activities within complex systems. Recently, System Dynamics models have been developed in areas such as policy design, biological and medical modeling, energy and the environmental analysis, and in various other areas in the natural and social sciences. The real power of System Dynamic modeling is gaining insights into total system behavior as time, and system parameters are adjusted and the effects are visualized in real time. System Dynamic models allow decision makers and stakeholders to explore long-term behavior and performance of complex systems, especially in the context of dynamic processes and changing scenarios without having to wait decades to obtain field data or risk failure if a poor management or design approach is used. The Idaho National Laboratory recently has been developing a System Dynamic model of the US Nuclear Fuel Cycle. The model is intended to be used to identify and understand interactions throughout the entire nuclear fuel cycle and suggest sustainable development strategies. This paper describes the basic framework of the current model and presents examples of useful insights gained from the model thus far with respect to sustainable development of nuclear power.

  15. Empirical Bayes Linear Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Penny, Will

    Empirical Bayes Will Penny Linear Models fMRI analysis Gradient Ascent Online learning Delta Rule Maximum Likelihood Augmented Form ReML Objective Function References Empirical Bayes Will Penny 3rd March 2011 #12;Empirical Bayes Will Penny Linear Models fMRI analysis Gradient Ascent Online learning Delta

  16. Linear Models Joint Likelihood

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Penny, Will

    Hierarchy Will Penny Linear Models Joint Likelihood First Layer Activity Predictive Coding Update Update Connectivity References Hierarchy Will Penny 24th March 2011 #12;Hierarchy Will Penny Linear x1 = W2x2 + e2 #12;Hierarchy Will Penny Linear Models Joint Likelihood First Layer Activity

  17. XAFS Model Compound Library

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Newville, Matthew

    The XAFS Model Compound Library contains XAFS data on model compounds. The term "model" compounds refers to compounds of homogeneous and well-known crystallographic or molecular structure. Each data file in this library has an associated atoms.inp file that can be converted to a feff.inp file using the program ATOMS. (See the related Searchable Atoms.inp Archive at http://cars9.uchicago.edu/~newville/adb/) This Library exists because XAFS data on model compounds is useful for several reasons, including comparing to unknown data for "fingerprinting" and testing calculations and analysis methods. The collection here is currently limited, but is growing. The focus to date has been on inorganic compounds and minerals of interest to the geochemical community. [Copied, with editing, from http://cars9.uchicago.edu/~newville/ModelLib/

  18. Criticality Model Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    J.M. Scaglione

    2003-03-12

    The purpose of the ''Criticality Model Report'' is to validate the MCNP (CRWMS M&O 1998h) code's ability to accurately predict the effective neutron multiplication factor (k{sub eff}) for a range of conditions spanned by various critical configurations representative of the potential configurations commercial reactor assemblies stored in a waste package may take. Results of this work are an indication of the accuracy of MCNP for calculating eigenvalues, which will be used as input for criticality analyses for spent nuclear fuel (SNF) storage at the proposed Monitored Geologic Repository. The scope of this report is to document the development and validation of the criticality model. The scope of the criticality model is only applicable to commercial pressurized water reactor fuel. Valid ranges are established as part of the validation of the criticality model. This model activity follows the description in BSC (2002a).

  19. Arc Plasma Torch Modeling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Trelles, J P; Vardelle, A; Heberlein, J V R

    2013-01-01

    Arc plasma torches are the primary components of various industrial thermal plasma processes involving plasma spraying, metal cutting and welding, thermal plasma CVD, metal melting and remelting, waste treatment and gas production. They are relatively simple devices whose operation implies intricate thermal, chemical, electrical, and fluid dynamics phenomena. Modeling may be used as a means to better understand the physical processes involved in their operation. This paper presents an overview of the main aspects involved in the modeling of DC arc plasma torches: the mathematical models including thermodynamic and chemical non-equilibrium models, turbulent and radiative transport, thermodynamic and transport property calculation, boundary conditions and arc reattachment models. It focuses on the conventional plasma torches used for plasma spraying that include a hot-cathode and a nozzle anode.

  20. Varicella infection modeling.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jones, Katherine A.; Finley, Patrick D.; Moore, Thomas W.; Nozick, Linda Karen; Martin, Nathaniel; Bandlow, Alisa; Detry, Richard Joseph; Evans, Leland B.; Berger, Taylor Eugen

    2013-09-01

    Infectious diseases can spread rapidly through healthcare facilities, resulting in widespread illness among vulnerable patients. Computational models of disease spread are useful for evaluating mitigation strategies under different scenarios. This report describes two infectious disease models built for the US Department of Veteran Affairs (VA) motivated by a Varicella outbreak in a VA facility. The first model simulates disease spread within a notional contact network representing staff and patients. Several interventions, along with initial infection counts and intervention delay, were evaluated for effectiveness at preventing disease spread. The second model adds staff categories, location, scheduling, and variable contact rates to improve resolution. This model achieved more accurate infection counts and enabled a more rigorous evaluation of comparative effectiveness of interventions.

  1. SPAR Model Structural Efficiencies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    John Schroeder; Dan Henry

    2013-04-01

    The Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) and the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) are supporting initiatives aimed at improving the quality of probabilistic risk assessments (PRAs). Included in these initiatives are the resolution of key technical issues that are have been judged to have the most significant influence on the baseline core damage frequency of the NRC’s Standardized Plant Analysis Risk (SPAR) models and licensee PRA models. Previous work addressed issues associated with support system initiating event analysis and loss of off-site power/station blackout analysis. The key technical issues were: • Development of a standard methodology and implementation of support system initiating events • Treatment of loss of offsite power • Development of standard approach for emergency core cooling following containment failure Some of the related issues were not fully resolved. This project continues the effort to resolve outstanding issues. The work scope was intended to include substantial collaboration with EPRI; however, EPRI has had other higher priority initiatives to support. Therefore this project has addressed SPAR modeling issues. The issues addressed are • SPAR model transparency • Common cause failure modeling deficiencies and approaches • Ac and dc modeling deficiencies and approaches • Instrumentation and control system modeling deficiencies and approaches

  2. Modeling regional power transfers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kavicky, J.A.; Veselka, T.D.

    1994-03-01

    The Spot Market Network (SMN) model was used to estimate spot market transactions and prices between various North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) regions for summer on-peak situations. A preliminary analysis of new or proposed additions to the transmission network was performed. The effects of alternative exempt wholesale generator (EWG) options on spot market transactions and the transmission system are also studied. This paper presents the SMN regional modelling approach and summarizes simulation results. Although the paper focuses on a regional network representation, a discussion of how the SMN model was used to represent a detailed utility-level network is also presented.

  3. ATHENA radiation model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shumway, R.W.

    1987-10-01

    The ATHENA computer program has many features that make it desirable to use as a space reactor evaluation tool. One of the missing features was a surface-to-surface thermal radiation model. A model was developed that allows any of the regular ATHENA heat slabs to radiate to any other heat slab. The view factors and surface emissivities must be specified by the user. To verify that the model was properly accounting for radiant energy transfer, two different types of test calculations were performed. Both calculations have excellent results. The updates have been used on both the INEL CDC-176 and the Livermore Cray. 7 refs., 2 figs., 6 tabs.

  4. Absorption in dielectric models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Churchill, R J

    2015-01-01

    We develop a classical microscopic model of a dielectric. The model features nonlinear interaction terms between polarizable dipoles and lattice vibrations. The lattice vibrations are found to act as a pseudo-reservoir, giving broadband absorption of electromagnetic radiation without the addition of damping terms in the dynamics. The effective permittivity is calculated using a perturbative iteration method and is found to have the form associated with real dielectrics. Spatial dispersion is naturally included in the model and we also calculate the wavevector dependence of the permittivity.

  5. Modeling EERE Deployment Programs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cort, Katherine A.; Hostick, Donna J.; Belzer, David B.; Livingston, Olga V.

    2007-11-08

    The purpose of this report is to compile information and conclusions gathered as part of three separate tasks undertaken as part of the overall project, “Modeling EERE Deployment Programs,” sponsored by the Planning, Analysis, and Evaluation office within the Department of Energy’s Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE). The purpose of the project was to identify and characterize the modeling of deployment programs within the EERE Technology Development (TD) programs, address improvements to modeling in the near term, and note gaps in knowledge where future research is needed.

  6. Renewable Model Documentation

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home PageMonthly","10/2015"4,"Ames5 Tables July 1996 Energy Information Administration Office of Coal, Nuclear,DecadeYearby the(Dollars1.840 2.318 3.1195) Model8) Model6) Model

  7. Wire and column modeling 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mandal, Esan

    2004-09-30

    The goal of this thesis is to introduce new methods to create intricate perforated shapes in a computing environment. Modeling shapes with a large number of holes and handles, while requiring minimal human interaction, is ...

  8. Refining climate models

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Warren, Jeff; Iversen, Colleen; Brooks, Jonathan; Ricciuto, Daniel

    2014-06-26

    Using dogwood trees, Oak Ridge National Laboratory researchers are gaining a better understanding of the role photosynthesis and respiration play in the atmospheric carbon dioxide cycle. Their findings will aid computer modelers in improving the accuracy of climate simulations.

  9. Refining climate models

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Warren, Jeff; Iversen, Colleen; Brooks, Jonathan; Ricciuto, Daniel

    2012-10-31

    Using dogwood trees, Oak Ridge National Laboratory researchers are gaining a better understanding of the role photosynthesis and respiration play in the atmospheric carbon dioxide cycle. Their findings will aid computer modelers in improving the accuracy of climate simulations.

  10. Theory Modeling and Simulation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shlachter, Jack

    2012-08-23

    Los Alamos has a long history in theory, modeling and simulation. We focus on multidisciplinary teams that tackle complex problems. Theory, modeling and simulation are tools to solve problems just like an NMR spectrometer, a gas chromatograph or an electron microscope. Problems should be used to define the theoretical tools needed and not the other way around. Best results occur when theory and experiments are working together in a team.

  11. Custodial Vector Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Diego Becciolini; Diogo Buarque Franzosi; Roshan Foadi; Mads T. Frandsen; Tuomas Hapola; Francesco Sannino

    2015-07-15

    We analyze the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) phenomenology of heavy vector resonances with a $SU(2)_L\\times SU(2)_R$ spectral global symmetry. This symmetry partially protects the electroweak S-parameter from large contributions of the vector resonances. The resulting custodial vector model spectrum and interactions with the standard model fields lead to distinct signatures at the LHC in the diboson, dilepton and associated Higgs channels.

  12. SUSY GUT Model Building

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stuart Raby

    2008-08-27

    I discuss an evolution of SUSY GUT model building, starting with the construction of 4d GUTs, to orbifold GUTs and finally to orbifold GUTs within the heterotic string. This evolution is an attempt to obtain realistic string models, perhaps relevant for the LHC. This review is in memory of the sudden loss of Julius Wess, a leader in the field, who will be sorely missed.

  13. Generic CSP Performance Model for NREL's System Advisor Model: Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wagner, M. J.; Zhu, G.

    2011-08-01

    The suite of concentrating solar power (CSP) modeling tools in NREL's System Advisor Model (SAM) includes technology performance models for parabolic troughs, power towers, and dish-Stirling systems. Each model provides the user with unique capabilities that are catered to typical design considerations seen in each technology. Since the scope of the various models is generally limited to common plant configurations, new CSP technologies, component geometries, and subsystem combinations can be difficult to model directly in the existing SAM technology models. To overcome the limitations imposed by representative CSP technology models, NREL has developed a 'Generic Solar System' (GSS) performance model for use in SAM. This paper discusses the formulation and performance considerations included in this model and verifies the model by comparing its results with more detailed models.

  14. Climate Modeling: A Brief Exploration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blais, Brian

    Climate Modeling: A Brief Exploration Dr Hong Yang Dr Qin Leng Collin Gagnon April 9, 2014 Dr Brian;Exponential Model Gaussian Model #12;Oscillation Model Ecological Modelling 171 (2004) 433­450 Climate change; accepted 13 August 2003 Abstract Two questions about climate change remain open: detection and attribution

  15. LOHD: Location-Oblivious Hybrid data Diffusion in wireless sensor Xu Cheng, Feng Wang, Jiangchuan Liu *

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Jiangchuan (JC)

    networks Data diffusion Broadcast Hybrid PUSH PULL Location information a b s t r a c t Data-centric design information to interested nodes and thus demand efficient diffusion mechanisms. In such applications, a data-centric. A pioneer work on data-centric routing is direct diffusion [2], which suggests a two-phase pull algorithm

  16. zUpdate: Updating Data Center Networks with Zero Loss Hongqiang Harry Liu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    @microsoft.com ABSTRACT Datacenter networks (DCNs) are constantly evolving due to various updates such as switch upgrades datacenter networks (DCNs) with thousands of switches and hundreds of thousands of servers. Due to the sheer

  17. UBC Social Ecological Economic Development Studies (SEEDS) Student Report Catherine Thompson, Larissa Low, Xuan Liu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . 2000). This is due to the success of waste management initiatives depending on public participation, universities use the concept zero waste which focuses on solid waste reduction and landfill diversion (Rees of the biggest challenges faced by the waste management departments of universities is that there can

  18. China Task Force Recommendations Membership: Chenggang Wang (CASNR); Hongchao Liu (Engineering); Zhen Cong (Human Sciences);

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rock, Chris

    : · 1+1 (or 1.5+1) master programs targeting at master students in China. · 3+1+1 undergrad+master programs targeting at undergrads in China · year visiting undergrad/985 universities request an agreement with TTU). · 1-2 year visiting PhD students from

  19. Edge effects in buckled thin films on elastomeric substrates C. T. Koh and Z. J. Liu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rogers, John A.

    of High Performance Computing, 1 Science Park Road, 01-01 The Capricorn, Singapore Science Park II-Champaign, Urbana, Illinois 61801, USA C. Lu Institute of High Performance Computing, 1 Science Park Road, 01

  20. What Devices do Data Centers Need? Cedric F. Lam, Hong Liu, Ryohei Urata

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cortes, Corinna

    in fiber optic technology developments to fulfill the scaling requirements of datacenter networks. OCIS Architecture Figure 1 shows the generic architecture of a typical wide-area datacenter network. The bottom layer is a private backend backbone, which provides sparse, high-capacity and ultra-long haul point

  1. Liu and Spitler. Submitted to the 12th International Road Weather Conference 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    sources can be used for such systems, including boilers, electrical heater, ground water, and ground, and glycol-water, are suitable as heat carrier fluids in hydronic heating systems. Freeze protection that there would be no contribution from solar radiation. This is a conservative approximation but its effect

  2. Scaling Spatial Alarm Services on Road Networks Kisung Lee, Ling Liu, Shicong Meng, Balaji Palanisamy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Ling

    for alarm checks and the high energy consumption in terms of client wakeups. We design and develop ROADALARM Euclidean space-based approaches with high success rate (accuracy) and significantly increased hibernation: private, shared and public. A private alarm has only one subscriber who is also its publisher. A shared

  3. Starch composites reinforced by bamboo cellulosic crystals Dagang Liu a,c

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and innovative processing technologies which offer sustainability and mitigation of the dependence on fossil fuel, competitiveness in price, and applicability to various industries (Yang et al., 2007; Lenz, 1993; Pandey et al

  4. Online Algorithms for Geographical Load Balancing Minghong Lin, Zhenhua Liu, Adam Wierman, Lachlan L. H. Andrew

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andrew, Lachlan

    , and to understand what portfolio of renewable energy is most effective. I. INTRODUCTION Energy consumption of data of energy [2], [3], [4]. However, achiev- ing a goal of powering data centers entirely with renewable energy is a significant challenge due to the intermittency and unpredictability of renewable energy. Most studies

  5. Liu UCD Phy9B 07 1 Ch 14. Fluid Mechanics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yoo, S. J. Ben

    Flow Laminar flow: adjacent layers of fluid slide smoothly & flow steadily Turbulent flow: irregular & chaotic flow no steady-state pattern Continuity Equation Incompressible fluid: dm1=dm2 (A1v1dt= A2v2dt) A1v1= A2v2 Volume flow rate: dV/dt=Av Ideal fluid: incompressible ( const.) & no internal friction

  6. Synthesis of CuPt Nanorod Catalysts with Tunable Lengths Qingsheng Liu,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goodman, Wayne

    and in dechlorination of chlorinated hydrocarbons as well as potential for use as heterogeneous NOx reduction and CO, including coprecipi- tation and impregnation, reverse micelles, and polyol reduction,24-26 there have been

  7. Mining Interesting Knowledge Using DMII Bing Liu, Wynne Hsu, Yiming Ma and Shu Chen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Illinois at Chicago, University of

    application, image classification, etc. Here, we focus on discussing the following sub­systems: CBA: CBA of other advanced features. In all, CBA has the following capabilities: Building classifiers using different data mining tasks. CBA unifies the two tasks. It is able to generate association rules and builds

  8. 4 LIU magazIne no. 2 2014 the focus on envIronmental issues is

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhao, Yuxiao

    gets the highest score in eco-friendly attitude among universities worldwide in the International Student Barometer (ISB). "Our eco-friendly attitude often attracts much attention. One example was when I benchmark survey International Student Barometer. World leader in eco-friendly attitude susta

  9. Liu Bie Ju Centre for Mathematical Sciences City University of Hong Kong

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in medical radiology, nondestructive testing and seismic exploration. Most of the work in this field is done

  10. LUNAR SURFACE WATER IN AGGLUTINATES: ORIGIN AND ABUNDANCES. Y. Liu1 , G. R. Rossman2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rossman. George R.

    -5000 ppm [1-3]. Three sources have been suggested: solar- wind origin; volatile retention from meteoritic. They also showed that D/H values of released H2 gas increased with step heating temperatures from near solar-wind impact; and degassing of indigenous water [1-4]. The relative contributions from each of these sources

  11. LIU ET AL. VOL. 9 ' NO. 2 ' 19851994 ' 2015 www.acsnano.org

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Braun, Paul

    Science and Technology, University of Illinois at UrbanaÀChampaign, Urbana, Illinois 61801, United States, and continuous formation of a solid-electrolyte interphase (SEI) layer.12À14 SEI stabilization efforts have from the electrolyte, limiting SEI formation on the Si. Here we fabricate, electrochemically cycle

  12. LIU ET AL. VOL. 7 ' NO. 2 ' 14951503 ' 2013 www.acsnano.org

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhu, Ting

    -ion batteries (LIBs) are critically important for electrifying transport ve- hicles and delivering renewable. Published online 10.1021/nn305282d ABSTRACT The rates of charging and discharging in lithium-ion batteries

  13. Protecting Neighbor Discovery Against Node Compromises in Sensor Networks Donggang Liu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Donggang

    communicate. In most protocols and algorithms, a critical piece of information for every sensor node each other's radio range. This often implies that every pair of neighboring nodes are physically close. For example, a sensor node will fail to route packets if the next hop on the routing path is not its neighbor

  14. Liu Bie Ju Centre for Mathematical Sciences City University of Hong Kong

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in asset management by Dr. Georgiana SOLANET Senior Manager, Head of Market Risk Lloyds TSB plc Bank regulatory scrutiny, increased competition and volatile markets, customers of the asset management industry and its Applications Colloquium Organized by Prof. Ya Yan LU and Prof. Wei Wei SUN Risk management

  15. Descreening of field effect in electrically gated nanopores Yang Liu,1,a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Yang

    , e.g., biosensing under physiological condi- tions 150 mM or desalination of seawater 500 m and desalination.14 In contrast to semiconductors, ionic solutions are essentially zero-band gap conductors

  16. Learnability of the Superset Label Learning Problem Li-Ping Liu LIULI@EECS.OREGONSTATE.EDU

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of independent in- stances or as multiple-instance bags. For both scenarios, we give the conditions for ERM learn analyze the performance of learners that minimize the empirical risk (ERM learners). We only investigate

  17. Hard or Soft Classification? Large-margin Unified Yufeng Liu, Hao Helen Zhang, and Yichao Wu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Hao "Helen"

    , the LUM provides a unified algorithm to fit various classifiers and hence a convenient platform to compare, Car- olina Center for Genome Sciences, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 (E

  18. Dr. Hong Liu (left) , postdoctoral researcher in environmental engineering, and Dr. Bruce

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    or industrial wastewater, for example -- and simultaneously clean the wastewater. "While there is likely insufficient waste biomass to sustain a global hydrogen economy, this form of renewable energy production may help offset the substantial costs of wastewater treatment as well as provide a contribution to nations

  19. Rui Liu, September 24, 2013 Radiative Transfer -p. 1/71 Fundamentals of Radiative Transfer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    /71 A Uniformly Bright Sphere Let us calculate the flux at an arbitrary distance r from a sphere of uniform. Solar sail craft offer the possibility of low- cost operations combined with long operat- ing lifetimes. It's interesting that the solar wind exerts a nominal dynamic pressure of about 3 to 4 nPa, three

  20. Sea Depth Measurement with Restricted Floating Sensors Zheng Yang, Mo Li, and Yunhao Liu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Yunhao

    the harbor for several days. Monitoring sea depth costs this harbor more than 18 million US dollars per year. The amount of silta- tion in H. H. Harbor is affected by many factors, among which tide and wind blow variable nature of wind brings more incidental and intensive effects. For example, records show that strong

  1. Kinetics of swelling under constraint Qihan Liu, Agathe Robisson, Yucun Lou, and Zhigang Suo

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Suo, Zhigang

    an experimental setup to measure the contact load as a function of time. The experimental data are well in oilfields, e.g., as self-healing cements1­3 and swellable packers.4­7 In an application, the elastomer is selected to imbibe a certain kind of fluid (water, oil, or natural gas), called the solvent. Whenever

  2. Observed VegetationClimate Feedbacks in the United States* M. NOTARO AND Z. LIU

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wisconsin at Madison, University of

    inhomogeneous and relatively weak, potentially due to the atmospheric transport of transpired water- sphere Simulator (GENESIS­IBIS) led to cooling over the southern Sahara and Arabian deserts. Using

  3. MEMORY SYSTEM COMPRESSION AND ITS BENEFITS Jiangjiang Liu, Nihar R. Mahapatra, Krishnan Sundaresan, Srinivas Dangeti

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mahapatra, Nihar R.

    . of Electrical Eng. Processor Products Group § University at Buffalo, The State University of New York Sun¢ @cse.buffalo.edu ¡ srinivas.dangeti, balakrishna.venkatrao¢ @eng.sun.com Abstract-- This paper of compression in improving performance, power consumption, and cost of the memory system. Analysis of traces

  4. Open Trusted Health Informatics Structure (OTHIS) Vicky Liu, William Caelli, Lauren May and Peter Croll

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyd, Colin

    such selection criteria. It has been long acknowledged that an application program can be no more secure than the software libraries and other subsystems it uses and depends upon. These in turn can be no more secure than by which appropriate computer and network components may be evaluated and selected. This is the fundamental

  5. Geographic Trough Filling for Internet Datacenters Dan Xu and Xin Liu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Xin

    , University of California, Davis, {danxu, xinliu}@ucdavis.edu Abstract--To reduce datacenter energy to as Internet-scale datacenters (IDC). Because electricity bill contributes to a large portion of IDC

  6. An Online Data Access System for a Finite Element Program , David Liu2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stanford University

    management in FEA programs still mainly rely on file systems. The prevailing data structures are based of the problems encountered by the prevailing data management based on file systems. Current trend sees retrieval. The online data access system gives great flexibility to the management of data in finite element

  7. Observation of Critical Scaling in Sequential Crack Formation Sheng Liu,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    sub- strate, such as a polyimide foil, a buffer layer of amorphous Si Nx, and the active layer of -Si] amorphous films of to- tal thickness, df , on a sheet of polyimide (Kapton E), of di- mensions (Ls, Ws, ds

  8. Distant touch hydrodynamic imaging with an artificial lateral line Coombs, Douglas L. Jones, and Chang Liu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, Douglas L.

    augment sonar and vision systems. We show that the artificial lateral line can successfully perform dipoleDistant touch hydrodynamic imaging with an artificial lateral line Coombs, Douglas L. Jones reprints, see: Notes: #12;Distant touch hydrodynamic imaging with an artificial lateral line Yingchen Yang

  9. Integrated Nanogenerators in Biofluid Xudong Wang, Jin Liu, Jinhui Song, and Zhong Lin Wang*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Zhong L.

    effectively generate electricity inside biofluid when stimulated by ultrasonic waves. The potential and wireless nanodevices and nanosystems in biofluid and any other type of liquid. Self-powered nanosystems, chemical, or thermal energy into electricity.4 Approaches have been developed for generating energy using

  10. A SUBSPACE SIGNAL PROCESSING TECHNIQUE FOR CONCEALED WEAPONS Ahmed S. Ibrahim, K. J Ray Liu *

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, K. J. Ray

    . -60 65 -80 045 Semi Automatic Pistol -- -0 38 Steel Revoler 85 A 0 35 Magnum Reoler ffCell Phone -90 frequency spectrum re- flected from different objects, which are 0.45 semi-automatic pistol, 0.38 steel

  11. Behavior of Geogrid-Sand Interface in Direct Shear Mode Chia-Nan Liu1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zornberg, Jorge G.

    is significantly higher than that of sand-geotextile interfaces. Analysis of shear displacement-strength response of transverse ribs has not been clearly identified. In the case of geomembranes and geotextiles, the interface

  12. LIU ET AL. VOL. 5 ' NO. 9 ' 72457253 ' 2011 www.acsnano.org

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhu, Ting

    -ion batteries (LIBs).12À21 For example, reversible capacities of SWCNTs and multiwalled carbon nanotube (MWCNTs that of the commonly used anode material of graphite, 372 mAh/g. Furthermore, it is expected that a CNT anode should

  13. Visualizing Gyrokinetic Simulations David Crawford Kwan-Liu Ma Min-Yu Huang

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ma, Kwan-Liu

    advancement of plasma science is central to real- izing fusion as an inexpensive and safe energy source visualization, texture methods, volume visual- ization 1 INTRODUCTION Fusion energy research gives promise in fusion plasma. This paper discusses the vi- sualization challenges presented by gyrokinetic simulations

  14. Liu Bie Ju Centre for Mathematical Sciences City University of Hong Kong

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . The developed projective adaptive resonance theory (PART) has been applied for gene filtering and cancer architecture to incorporate adaptive transmission delays and signal transmission information loss (PART-manifolds of the data space. Light refreshments will be provided near Room B5-118 before the colloquium from 4:00 pm

  15. Wavelet-based multispectral face recognition LIU Dian-ting1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shyu, Mei-Ling

    1. CAD, CG & Network Laboratory, School of Mechanical Engineering, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024, China; 2. School of Electronic and Information Engineering, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024, China; 3. Department of Labor Security, Xiangying Town Government, Dalian 116111

  16. NORTHWEST AFRICA 176: A UNIQUE IRON METEORITE WITH SILICATE INCLUSIONS RELATED TO BOCAIUVA. Menghua Liu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Floss, Christine

    NORTHWEST AFRICA 176: A UNIQUE IRON METEORITE WITH SILICATE INCLUSIONS RELATED TO BOCAIUVA. Menghua Africa 176 iron me- teorite with silicate inclusions was found at the border of Morocco and Algeria

  17. The Single Cycle T-functions Zhaopeng Dai1,2 and Zhuojun Liu1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    generators, and so on. For exam- ple, Klimov and Shamir proposed in [8] a T-function: f(x) = x+(x2 C)(mod2n), where C is a constant integer satisfying C 5or7(mod23), used as a pseudoran- dom number generator of applications, especially in the construction of synchronous stream ciphers, the T-function is expected to have

  18. Identify Temporal Websites Based on User Behavior Analysis Yong Wang, Yiqun Liu,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    proportion of temporal pages are published by a small number of web sites providing news services, which temporal pages can be picked up with a small overhead of untemporal pages. With this method, web crawlers can focus on these web sites and download pages from them with high priority. 1 Introduction Many web

  19. On the Deployment of Wireless Sensor Nodes Xin Liu and Prasant Mohapatra

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Xin

    surveillance, highway traffic moni- toring, safeguarding railway tracks, oil and natural gas pipeline

  20. Vol 435|30 June 2005 Jianguo Liu and Jared Diamond

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Youqin

    . Some things have improved, such as the air quality in Beijing and some other big cities. The list of problems ranges from air pollution, biodiversity losses, croplandlosses,depleted fisheries into other countries, while other coun- tries affect China's environment through globalization, pollution

  1. Newspaper Headlines Extraction from Microfilm Images Qing Hong Liu Chew Lim Tan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tan, Chew Lim

    There are two main functions of a digital library [1]: one is to allow a quick lookup of the desired information on microfilms, digital libraries can digitize microfilm images to allow access by the public either on the web of Singapore Kent Ridge Singapore 117543 ABSTRACT Automatic indexing is important for a digital library

  2. Multivariate Visual Explanation for High Dimensional Datasets Scott Barlowe, Tianyi Zhang, Yujie Liu, Jing Yang

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ras, Zbigniew W.

    Multivariate Visual Explanation for High Dimensional Datasets Scott Barlowe, Tianyi Zhang, Yujie at Charlotte djacobs1@uncc.edu ABSTRACT Understanding multivariate relationships is an important task in multivariate data analysis. Unfortunately, existing multivariate vi- sualization systems lose effectiveness

  3. LIU ET AL. VOL. XXX ' NO. XX ' 000000 ' XXXX www.acsnano.org

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xiong, Qihua

    ), 08010 Barcelona, CAT, Spain, ) Singapore-Berkeley Research Initiative for Sustainable Energy, 1 Create Technological University, Singapore 637371, Singapore, Energy Research Institute @ NTU (ERI@N), Nanyang,6,7 Additionally, this kind of layered material would provide us an ideal system to inves- tigate the fundamental

  4. Bridging scale methods for nanomechanics and materials Wing Kam Liu a,*, Harold S. Park b

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Park, Harold S.

    more sustainable in terms of reduced energy usage and environmental pollution. Recent advances atoms. Scanning probe techniques allow us to manipulate atoms one at a time. Advanced materials

  5. Behavior Analysis in Social Media Reza Zafarani and Huan Liu, Arizona State University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Huan

    conveniently and on a daily basis. By analyzing behaviors observed on social media, we can categorize #12;Irrespective of the type of behavior observed, we can utilize a computational method- ology

  6. Rogue Waves and Explorations of Coastal Wave Characteristics Primary Investigator: Paul C. Liu -NOAA GLERL (Emeritus)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    assumption of ocean wave process to be a stationary, Gaussian random process. This assumption is inconsistent years of wind and wave measurement from South Indian Ocean from an offshore oil drilling platform near

  7. Classifying E-commerce Workloads under Dynamic Caching Fujian Liu Dwight Makaroff

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saskatchewan, University of

    used to reduce the load on the database server, which reduces the need for scalability within increase and is a major com- ponent of the retail industry [1]. A typical corporation- sized E Network Load Internet Web Server Web Server App. Server App. Server Database Server Figure 1. E

  8. Accelerating Initialization for Sensor Networks Linghe Kong, Luoyi Fu, Xuemei Liu and Min-You Wu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . INTRODUCTION Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN) [1] in real application has attracted lots of interest of setting up such a connected WSN infrastructure is called initialization. Our study focuses on the problem be as fast as possible so that the WSN can start to carry out immediately. Moreover, energy waste

  9. Evaluating inter-continental transport of fine aerosols:(2) Global health impact Junfeng Liu a,*,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mauzerall, Denise

    health on the Eurasian continent and would also benefit public health in the United States. Ó 2009.5 to be nearly 380 thousand (K) in 2000. Approximately half of these deaths occur in the Indian subcontinent (IN), mostly due to aerosols transported from Africa and the Middle East (ME). Approximately 90K deaths

  10. Water photolysis with a cross-linked titanium dioxide nanowire anode Mingzhao Liu,a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walsworth, Ronald L.

    anatase and rutile phases. Under simulated AM 1.5 G illumination, the peak solar energy conversion efficient process have generally faltered. Mate- rials whose band gaps are well matched to the solar the importance of engineering systems with both a high optical density and high surface-to- volume ratio

  11. Online Algorithms for Geographical Load Balancing Minghong Lin, Zhenhua Liu, Adam Wierman, Lachlan L. H. Andrew

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Low, Steven H.

    energy costs, both monetary and environmental, can be reduced by exploiting temporal variations and shifting processing to data centers located in regions where energy currently has low cost. Lightly loaded- duce cost can actually increase total energy usage: reducing the average price of energy shifts

  12. ICMES at very large distances J.D. Richardson a,b,*, Y. Liu a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley, University of

    and solar wind evo- lution and ICME interactions with the ambient solar wind and other ICMEs compound this difficulty. This paper discusses methods of identifying ICMEs, the evo- lution of ICMES, and the effects

  13. Autonomous Systems Laboratory Chang Liu, Dr Stephen D. Prior, Prof James Scanlan, Dr Peter Wilson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sóbester, András

    as follows: ! · 3D printed chassis, · Completely hackable autopilot algorithm written in an Arduino Mini embedded visual tracking sensor, and has the advantage of fast frame- rate, easy interface with Arduino

  14. In situ mechanical characterization of mouse oocytes using a cell holding Xinyu Liu,a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sun, Yu

    ,a Roxanne Fernandes,b Andrea Jurisicova,b Robert F. Casperb and Yu Sun*ac Received 29th March 2010, Accepted and a sub-pixel computer vision tracking algorithm to resolve cellular forces in real time with a nanonewton been used for characterizing cellular traction forces by visually tracking local deformations

  15. XINGHUI LIU 1111 Engineering Drive, UCB 427, Boulder, Colorado 80309-0427

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bunch, Scott

    : machining, mold & die, 3D printing, PCB, soldering and etc. (~2 years hands-on experience) Programming atomization system to produce an ultra-fine metal powers. ---- NSF in China 3D printing with laser sintering

  16. Your Last Name (only): KOLLURI Authors: Yong Jin ; Ligang Liu ; Qingbiao Wu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oh, JungHwan

    . Title: Keyframe Extraction Using Local Visual Semantics in the Form of a Region Thesaurus Conference

  17. Detergent-Free Caveolae Prep (from: Liu, Casey and Pike, BBRC 245: 684-690 (1998)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pike, Linda J.

    1998-01-01

    mixture in the bottom of a 13 ml centrifuge tube for the SW41 rotor. Add 6 ml 35% sucrose in MBS in SW41 rotor for 3 hr at 39,000 rpm (175,000 x g). 8. Remove gradients and fractionate into 10

  18. Cloud Migration for SMEs in a Service Oriented Nicolas Nussbaumer and Xiaodong Liu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Xiaodong

    and articulates their importance during the cloud provider selection phase. The elicitation was conducted using an extensive literature review, examining case studies, surveys and other publications. The results demonstrate with the economics of cloud adoption while disregarding the equally important migration phase. This raises

  19. Precision and functional specificity in mRNA decay , Chih Long Liu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Herschlag, Dan

    by the rate at which it is produced, but also by its rate of degradation. mRNA decay rates determine how by hot phenol extraction (16). Microarray Analysis. Yeast DNA microarrays were produced and hybridized

  20. Nanocrystalline Structure and Thermoelectric Properties of Electrospun NaCo2O4 Yuanming Liu,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cao, Guozhong

    gasoline-fueled internal combustion engine, the vast majority of the fuel energy is lost as waste heat challenging, because in most materials high electric conductivity is usually ac- companied by high thermal

  1. Biographical sketch - Yan Liu | Center for Bio-Inspired Solar Fuel

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room News PublicationsAudits & InspectionsBeryllium andSampler AsProduction

  2. Microsoft PowerPoint - Liu_2014_CNMS_StaffScienceHighlight_Science.pptx [Read-Only]

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMass map shines light on darkMicroorganismsnow widely usingOverview of

  3. Yangyang Liu | Center for Gas SeparationsRelevant to Clean Energy

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefieldSulfateSciTechtail.Theory ofDidDevelopmentatabout Who Works for NIF &Y-12 wastesMaterials

  4. Yifei Michelle Liu | Center for Gas SeparationsRelevant to Clean Energy

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefieldSulfateSciTechtail.Theory ofDidDevelopmentatabout Who Works for NIF &Y-12Technologies | Blandine

  5. Xianggelila Xian Ge Ji Liu Yu Xia Zhi En Hydroelectric Development Ltd |

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop IncIowa (UtilityMichigan) Jump to: Name: WyomingMinrui InvestmentOpen Energy

  6. Chain Tsuan Liu, 1988 | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC) Website

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust,Field-effectWorkingLosThe 26thI D- 6 0GrantsTheBurtonCertified Federal Project

  7. Microsoft PowerPoint - 15_Liu_ARM_STM_indirect.ppt [Compatibility Mode]

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMass map shines light on darkMicroorganisms to Speed Production ofMETERING8 June 2015i di t

  8. Microsoft PowerPoint - 18_ARMtalk-Liu2007.ppt [Compatibility Mode]

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMass map shines light on darkMicroorganisms to Speed Production ofMETERING8 June

  9. book review: Species distribution models for species distribution modellers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dormann, Carsten F

    2012-01-01

    Mapping  species  distributions:  spa? tial inference and news and update  book review  Species distribution models for species distribution modellers  Ecological niches and 

  10. ARIMA Models versus Gene Expression Programming In Precipitation Modeling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernandez, Thomas

    ARIMA Models versus Gene Expression Programming In Precipitation Modeling ALINA BRBULESCU and ELENA, Precipitation 1 Introduction Time series are ubiquitous in the real world. They are usually generated

  11. Effects of Pre-Existing Ice Crystals on Cirrus Clouds and Comparison between Different Ice Nucleation Parameterizations with the Community Atmosphere Model (CAM5)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shi, Xiangjun; Liu, Xiaohong; Zhang, Kai

    2015-01-01

    In order to improve the treatment of ice nucleation in a more realistic manner in the Community Atmospheric Model version 5.3 (CAM5.3), the effects of preexisting ice crystals on ice nucleation in cirrus clouds are considered. In addition, by considering the in-cloud variability in ice saturation ratio, homogeneous nucleation takes place spatially only in a portion of cirrus cloud rather than in the whole area of cirrus cloud. With these improvements, the two unphysical limiters used in the representation of ice nucleation are removed. Compared to observations, the ice number concentrations and the probability distributions of ice number concentration are both improved with the updated treatment. The preexisting ice crystals significantly reduce ice number concentrations in cirrus clouds, especially at mid- to high latitudes in the upper troposphere (by a factor of ~10). Furthermore, the contribution of heterogeneous ice nucleation to cirrus ice crystal number increases considerably.Besides the default ice nucleation parameterization of Liu and Penner (2005, hereafter LP) in CAM5.3, two other ice nucleation parameterizations of Barahona and Nenes (2009, hereafter BN) and Kärcher et al. (2006, hereafter KL) are implemented in CAM5.3 for the comparison. In-cloud ice crystal number concentration, percentage contribution from heterogeneous ice nucleation to total ice crystal number, and preexisting ice effects simulated by the three ice nucleation parameterizations have similar patterns in the simulations with present-day aerosol emissions. However, the change (present-day minus pre-industrial times) in global annual mean column ice number concentration from the KL parameterization (3.24×106 m-2) is obviously less than that from the LP (8.46×106 m-2) and BN (5.62×106 m-2) parameterizations. As a result, experiment using the KL parameterization predicts a much smaller anthropogenic aerosol longwave indirect forcing (0.24 W m-2) than that using the LP (0.46 W m-2) and BN (0.39 W m-2) parameterizations.

  12. Data Modeling and Theory Construction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jan de Leeuw

    2011-01-01

    MODELING AND THEORY CONSTRUCTION F. Suppe. The Structure ofMODELING AND THEORY CONSTRUCTION JAN DE LEEUW This paper wasMODELING AND THEORY CONSTRUCTION F????? 1. The Scientist

  13. Phylogenetic Models: Algebra and Evolution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Allman, Elizabeth S.

    Phylogenetic Models: Algebra and Evolution Elizabeth S. Allman Dept. of Mathematics and Statistics evolutionary tree 2. sequence evolution probabilistic models on trees 3. phylogenetic ideals and varieties history. IMA -- Phylogenetic Models: Algebra and Evolution Slide 1 #12;For phylogenetic inference

  14. Advanced Chemistry Basins Model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Blanco, Mario; Cathles, Lawrence; Manhardt, Paul; Meulbroek, Peter; Tang, Yongchun

    2003-02-13

    The objective of this project is to: (1) Develop a database of additional and better maturity indicators for paleo-heat flow calibration; (2) Develop maturation models capable of predicting the chemical composition of hydrocarbons produced by a specific kerogen as a function of maturity, heating rate, etc.; assemble a compositional kinetic database of representative kerogens; (3) Develop a 4 phase equation of state-flash model that can define the physical properties (viscosity, density, etc.) of the products of kerogen maturation, and phase transitions that occur along secondary migration pathways; (4) Build a conventional basin model and incorporate new maturity indicators and data bases in a user-friendly way; (5) Develop an algorithm which combines the volume change and viscosities of the compositional maturation model to predict the chemistry of the hydrocarbons that will be expelled from the kerogen to the secondary migration pathways; (6) Develop an algorithm that predicts the flow of hydrocarbons along secondary migration pathways, accounts for mixing of miscible hydrocarbon components along the pathway, and calculates the phase fractionation that will occur as the hydrocarbons move upward down the geothermal and fluid pressure gradients in the basin; and (7) Integrate the above components into a functional model implemented on a PC or low cost workstation.

  15. Physics Beyond the Standard Model

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Physics Beyond the Standard Model 1663 Los Alamos science and technology magazine Latest Issue:October 2015 past issues All Issues submit Physics Beyond the Standard Model...

  16. ORISE: Dose modeling and assessments

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Dose modeling and assessments The Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education (ORISE) offers dose modeling and assessment services to demonstrate that federal andor state...

  17. Model of Antiferromagnetic Superconductivity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Geoffrey L. Sewell

    2015-09-28

    We present a simple model that supports superconductive and antiferromagnetic ordering. The model consists of a system of electrons on a simple cubic lattice that move by tunnel effect and interact via antiferromagnetic Ising spin couplings and short range repulsions: these include infinitely strong Hubbard forces that prevent double occupancy of any lattice site. Hence, under the filling condition of one electron per site and at sufficiently low temperature, the system is an antiferromagnetic Mott insulator. However, when holes are created by suitable doping, they are mobile charge carriers. We show that, at low concentration, their interactions induced by the above interelectronic ones lead to Schafroth pairing. Hence, under certain plausible but unproved assumptions, the model exhibits the off-diagonal long range order that characterises superconductivity, while retaining the antiferromagnetic ordering.

  18. Gravitating lepton bag model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burinskii, Alexander

    2015-01-01

    As is known, the gravitational and electromagnetic (EM) field of the Dirac electron is described by an over-extremal Kerr-Newman (KN) black hole (BH) solution which has the naked singular ring and two-sheeted topology. This space is regulated by the formation of a regular source based on the Higgs mechanism of broken symmetry. This source shares much in common with the known MIT- and SLAC-bag models, but has the important advantage, of being in accordance with gravitational and electromagnetic field of the external KN solution. The KN bag model is flexible. At rotations, it takes the shape of a thin disk, and similar to other bag models, under deformations it creates a string-like structure which is positioned along the sharp border of the disk.

  19. Gravitating lepton bag model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alexander Burinskii

    2015-04-30

    As is known, the gravitational and electromagnetic (EM) field of the Dirac electron is described by an over-extremal Kerr-Newman (KN) black hole (BH) solution which has the naked singular ring and two-sheeted topology. This space is regulated by the formation of a regular source based on the Higgs mechanism of broken symmetry. This source shares much in common with the known MIT- and SLAC-bag models, but has the important advantage, of being in accordance with gravitational and electromagnetic field of the external KN solution. The KN bag model is flexible. At rotations, it takes the shape of a thin disk, and similar to other bag models, under deformations it creates a string-like structure which is positioned along the sharp border of the disk.

  20. Progress in Initiator Modeling

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hrousis, C A; Christensen, J S

    2009-05-04

    There is great interest in applying magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) simulation techniques to the designs of electrical high explosive (HE) initiators, for the purpose of better understanding a design's sensitivities, optimizing its performance, and/or predicting its useful lifetime. Two MHD-capable LLNL codes, CALE and ALE3D, are being used to simulate the process of ohmic heating, vaporization, and plasma formation in the bridge of an initiator, be it an exploding bridgewire (EBW), exploding bridgefoil (EBF) or slapper type initiator. The initiation of the HE is simulated using Tarver Ignition & Growth reactive flow models. 1-D, 2-D and 3-D models have been constructed and studied. The models provide some intuitive explanation of the initiation process and are useful for evaluating the potential impact of identified aging mechanisms (such as the growth of intermetallic compounds or powder sintering). The end product of this work is a simulation capability for evaluating margin in proposed, modified or aged initiation system designs.

  1. Ocean General Circulation Models

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yoon, Jin-Ho; Ma, Po-Lun

    2012-09-30

    1. Definition of Subject The purpose of this text is to provide an introduction to aspects of oceanic general circulation models (OGCMs), an important component of Climate System or Earth System Model (ESM). The role of the ocean in ESMs is described in Chapter XX (EDITOR: PLEASE FIND THE COUPLED CLIMATE or EARTH SYSTEM MODELING CHAPTERS). The emerging need for understanding the Earth’s climate system and especially projecting its future evolution has encouraged scientists to explore the dynamical, physical, and biogeochemical processes in the ocean. Understanding the role of these processes in the climate system is an interesting and challenging scientific subject. For example, a research question how much extra heat or CO2 generated by anthropogenic activities can be stored in the deep ocean is not only scientifically interesting but also important in projecting future climate of the earth. Thus, OGCMs have been developed and applied to investigate the various oceanic processes and their role in the climate system.

  2. Parametric Explosion Spectral Model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ford, S R; Walter, W R

    2012-01-19

    Small underground nuclear explosions need to be confidently detected, identified, and characterized in regions of the world where they have never before occurred. We develop a parametric model of the nuclear explosion seismic source spectrum derived from regional phases that is compatible with earthquake-based geometrical spreading and attenuation. Earthquake spectra are fit with a generalized version of the Brune spectrum, which is a three-parameter model that describes the long-period level, corner-frequency, and spectral slope at high-frequencies. Explosion spectra can be fit with similar spectral models whose parameters are then correlated with near-source geology and containment conditions. We observe a correlation of high gas-porosity (low-strength) with increased spectral slope. The relationship between the parametric equations and the geologic and containment conditions will assist in our physical understanding of the nuclear explosion source.

  3. Modeling & Simulation

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformationJessework uses concrete7 AssessmentBusinessAlternativeModel VerificationModeling

  4. Sandia Energy - Modeling

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home RoomPreservation of Fe(II)Geothermal Energy &Water Power&Grid ActionModeling HomeModeling

  5. CALIFORNIA CLIMATE POLICY MODELING (CCPM) DIALOG Greenhouse Gas Emissions Modeling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Davis, University of

    H2 CALIFORNIA CLIMATE POLICY MODELING (CCPM) DIALOG Greenhouse Gas Emissions Modeling ­ California goals of criteria pollutant and GHG emission reduction. · Modelers need to work with policy makers more to policy-makers and stakeholders. 5 #12;Greenhouse Gas Emissions Modeling ­ California 2030 #12;

  6. Conceptual Modelling of Database Applications Using an Extended ER Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gogolla, Martin - Fachbereich 3

    Conceptual Modelling of Database Applications Using an Extended ER Model Data and Knowledge is divided into the modelling of admissible database state evolutions by means of temporal integrity184/1) #12; H.2.1 [Database Management] Logical Design -- Data models; Schema and subschema. H.2

  7. DRI Model of the U.S. Economy -- Model Documentation:

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    1993-01-01

    Provides documentation on Data Resources, Inc., DRI Model of the U.S. Economy and the DRI Personal Computer Input/Output Model. It also describes the theoretical basis, structure and functions of both DRI models; and contains brief descriptions of the models and their equations.

  8. 3.0 Exporting Models Save model as OBJ file

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gordon, Scott

    3.0 Exporting Models Save model as OBJ file: o Make sure that the model, and the UV are saved. Save model as an OgreXML file: o Install the blender2ogre exporter Visit https directory (remember that single-click selects a folder) o Type a name for the saved file in the box just

  9. Computing Biological Model Parameters by Parallel Statistical Model Checking

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tronci, Enrico

    of Treatments for Infertility Related Endocrinological Diseases, 600773). #12;patient-specific model parameters

  10. DYNAMIC MODELING FUEL PROCESSORS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mease, Kenneth D.

    turbine module (compressor and turbine sub-modules) Catalytic oxidizer Combustor module Heat exchanger, PEM, Gas Turbine General Model Assumptions · 1D process flow · Well-stirred within nodal volume · Slow reactants #12;Steam Reformation ­ Occurs in Reformer and Fuel Cells Methane reformation reaction Water Gas

  11. Rheological Model for Wood

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohammad Masoud Hassani; Falk K. Wittel; Stefan Hering; Hans J. Herrmann

    2014-10-15

    Wood as the most important natural and renewable building material plays an important role in the construction sector. Nevertheless, its hygroscopic character basically affects all related mechanical properties leading to degradation of material stiffness and strength over the service life. Accordingly, to attain reliable design of the timber structures, the influence of moisture evolution and the role of time- and moisture-dependent behaviors have to be taken into account. For this purpose, in the current study a 3D orthotropic elasto-plastic, visco-elastic, mechano-sorptive constitutive model for wood, with all material constants being defined as a function of moisture content, is presented. The corresponding numerical integration approach, with additive decomposition of the total strain is developed and implemented within the framework of the finite element method (FEM). Moreover to preserve a quadratic rate of asymptotic convergence the consistent tangent operator for the whole model is derived. Functionality and capability of the presented material model are evaluated by performing several numerical verification simulations of wood components under different combinations of mechanical loading and moisture variation. Additionally, the flexibility and universality of the introduced model to predict the mechanical behavior of different species are demonstrated by the analysis of a hybrid wood element. Furthermore, the proposed numerical approach is validated by comparisons of computational evaluations with experimental results.

  12. MODEL CONSERVATION STANDARD INTRODUCTION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    financial assistance from the Bonneville Power Administration and the region's utilities. In addition of the plan by the Administrator, are directly attributable to such measure or resource. [Northwest Power ActMODEL CONSERVATION STANDARD INTRODUCTION As directed by the Northwest Power Act, the Council has

  13. Modeling the earth system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ojima, D.

    1992-12-31

    The 1990 Global Change Institute (GCI) on Earth System Modeling is the third of a series organized by the Office for Interdisciplinary Earth Studies to look in depth at particular issues critical to developing a better understanding of the earth system. The 1990 GCI on Earth System Modeling was organized around three themes: defining critical gaps in the knowledge of the earth system, developing simplified working models, and validating comprehensive system models. This book is divided into three sections that reflect these themes. Each section begins with a set of background papers offering a brief tutorial on the subject, followed by working group reports developed during the institute. These reports summarize the joint ideas and recommendations of the participants and bring to bear the interdisciplinary perspective that imbued the institute. Since the conclusion of the 1990 Global Change Institute, research programs, nationally and internationally, have moved forward to implement a number of the recommendations made at the institute, and many of the participants have maintained collegial interactions to develop research projects addressing the needs identified during the two weeks in Snowmass.

  14. Computer Graphics Hierarchical Modeling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    for sta9c models, and vital for anima9on! · Key is to structure the transforma9 Transforma9ons Translate base by (5,0,0) Translate lower arm by (5,0,0) Translate upper arm by (5,0,0) Translate hammer by (5,0,0) ... q Each part

  15. Model- Waco Project 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Unknown

    2011-08-17

    for their particular dataset. The remaining chapters list variables by file and discuss methods used to measure or calculate values for the input parameters. SWAT is a public domain model jointly developed by USDA Agricultural Research Service (USDA-ARS) and Texas A...

  16. Identification of Physical Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of stiff physical models. Also the applications on the real systems represent new work in their respective a car engine at the Laboratory for Energetics. I wish to thank the participants of the Commission), on testing of building components related to passive solar energy conservation, tested under outdoor climate

  17. Interactive modeler for cloth draping 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thumrugoti, Umakanth

    1994-01-01

    Cloth modeling is a challenging field in computer graphics, being a typical example of a soft-object. One of the approaches toward modeling cloth is a geometric approach. This thesis develops a conceptual model for modeling cloth drape using a...

  18. Improving the Models, SACOG Perspectives

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Davis, University of

    forecasting, Vehicle emissions, Health outcomes, RHNA allocations. #12;What is the state of the models? · Tour-based models implemented in larger MPOs are a significant improvement. · Trip-based models still used in other of models and data in the SCS process is not sufficient. · Transportation has early costs and later benefits

  19. Synthesis and Evaluation of Environmentally Responsive Polymeric Materials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Broaders, Kyle Evan

    2011-01-01

    Liu, M. A. The immunologist's grail: Vaccines that generateLiu, M. A. The immunologist's grail: Vaccines that generate

  20. LLNL Chemical Kinetics Modeling Group

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pitz, W J; Westbrook, C K; Mehl, M; Herbinet, O; Curran, H J; Silke, E J

    2008-09-24

    The LLNL chemical kinetics modeling group has been responsible for much progress in the development of chemical kinetic models for practical fuels. The group began its work in the early 1970s, developing chemical kinetic models for methane, ethane, ethanol and halogenated inhibitors. Most recently, it has been developing chemical kinetic models for large n-alkanes, cycloalkanes, hexenes, and large methyl esters. These component models are needed to represent gasoline, diesel, jet, and oil-sand-derived fuels.

  1. GROUT HOPPER MODELING STUDY

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lee, S.

    2011-08-30

    The Saltstone facility has a grout hopper tank to provide agitator stirring of the Saltstone feed materials. The tank has about 300 gallon capacity to provide a larger working volume for the grout slurry to be held in case of a process upset, and it is equipped with a mechanical agitator, which is intended to keep the grout in motion and agitated so that it won't start to set up. The dry feeds and the salt solution are already mixed in the mixer prior to being transferred to the hopper tank. The hopper modeling study through this work will focus on fluid stirring and agitation, instead of traditional mixing in the literature, in order to keep the tank contents in motion during their residence time so that they will not be upset or solidified prior to transferring the grout to the Saltstone disposal facility. The primary objective of the work is to evaluate the flow performance for mechanical agitators to prevent vortex pull-through for an adequate stirring of the feed materials and to estimate an agitator speed which provides acceptable flow performance with a 45{sup o} pitched four-blade agitator. In addition, the power consumption required for the agitator operation was estimated. The modeling calculations were performed by taking two steps of the Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) modeling approach. As a first step, a simple single-stage agitator model with 45{sup o} pitched propeller blades was developed for the initial scoping analysis of the flow pattern behaviors for a range of different operating conditions. Based on the initial phase-1 results, the phase-2 model with a two-stage agitator was developed for the final performance evaluations. A series of sensitivity calculations for different designs of agitators and operating conditions have been performed to investigate the impact of key parameters on the grout hydraulic performance in a 300-gallon hopper tank. For the analysis, viscous shear was modeled by using the Bingham plastic approximation. Steady state analyses with a two-equation turbulence model were performed with the FLUENT{trademark} codes. All analyses were based on three-dimensional results. Recommended operational guidance was developed by using the basic concept that local shear rate profiles and flow patterns can be used as a measure of hydraulic performance and spatial stirring. Flow patterns were estimated by a Lagrangian integration technique along the flow paths from the material feed inlet. The modeling results show that when the two-stage agitator consisting of a 45{sup o} pitched propeller and radial flat-plate blades is run at 140 rpm speed with 28 in diameter, the agitator provides an adequate stirring of the feed materials for a wide range of yield stresses (1 to 21 Pa) and the vortex system is shed into the remote region of the tank boundary by the blade passage in an efficient way. The results of this modeling study were used to develop the design guidelines for the agitator stirring and dispersion of the Saltstone feed materials in a hopper tank.

  2. Drift Scale THM Model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    J. Rutqvist

    2004-10-07

    This model report documents the drift scale coupled thermal-hydrological-mechanical (THM) processes model development and presents simulations of the THM behavior in fractured rock close to emplacement drifts. The modeling and analyses are used to evaluate the impact of THM processes on permeability and flow in the near-field of the emplacement drifts. The results from this report are used to assess the importance of THM processes on seepage and support in the model reports ''Seepage Model for PA Including Drift Collapse'' and ''Abstraction of Drift Seepage'', and to support arguments for exclusion of features, events, and processes (FEPs) in the analysis reports ''Features, Events, and Processes in Unsaturated Zone Flow and Transport and Features, Events, and Processes: Disruptive Events''. The total system performance assessment (TSPA) calculations do not use any output from this report. Specifically, the coupled THM process model is applied to simulate the impact of THM processes on hydrologic properties (permeability and capillary strength) and flow in the near-field rock around a heat-releasing emplacement drift. The heat generated by the decay of radioactive waste results in elevated rock temperatures for thousands of years after waste emplacement. Depending on the thermal load, these temperatures are high enough to cause boiling conditions in the rock, resulting in water redistribution and altered flow paths. These temperatures will also cause thermal expansion of the rock, with the potential of opening or closing fractures and thus changing fracture permeability in the near-field. Understanding the THM coupled processes is important for the performance of the repository because the thermally induced permeability changes potentially effect the magnitude and spatial distribution of percolation flux in the vicinity of the drift, and hence the seepage of water into the drift. This is important because a sufficient amount of water must be available within a drift to transport any exposed radionuclides out of the drift to the groundwater below, and eventually to people within the accessible environment. Absent sufficient water, radionuclides cannot be transported and there would be no significant health effect on people, even if radioactive waste containers were damaged or corroded to such an extent that radionuclides were exposed to water.

  3. Issues in the theory of models -1 Models and Modeling in Human Geography

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clarke, Keith

    Issues in the theory of models -1 Models and Modeling in Human Geography Batty, Michael. 1976 and planning: reflections, retrodictions and prescriptions. in Remodelling geography. Ed. Bill Macmillan, 147 are always worth reading. Clarke, Martin, and Alan Wilson. 1989. Mathematical models in human geography: 20

  4. Quasibreathers in MMT model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Pushkarev; V. E. Zakharov

    2012-12-05

    We report numerical detection of new type of localized structures in the frame of Majda-McLaughlin-Tabak (MMT) model adjusted for description of essentially nonlinear gravity waves on the surface of ideal deep water. These structures -- quasibreathers, or oscillating quasisolitons -- can be treated as groups of freak waves closely resembling experimentally observed "Three Sisters" wave packs on the ocean surface. The MMT model has quasisolitonic solutions. Unlike NLSE solitons, MMT quasisolitons are permanently backward radiating energy, but nevertheless do exist during thousands of carrier wave periods. Quasisolitons of small amplitude are regular and stable, but large-amplitude ones demonstrate oscillations of amplitude and spectral shape. This effect can be explained by periodic formation of weak collapses, carrying out negligibly small amount of energy. We call oscillating quasisolitons "quasibreathers".

  5. SDI CFD MODELING ANALYSIS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lee, S.

    2011-05-05

    The Savannah River Remediation (SRR) Organization requested that Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) develop a Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) method to mix and blend the miscible contents of the blend tanks to ensure the contents are properly blended before they are transferred from the blend tank; such as, Tank 50H, to the Salt Waste Processing Facility (SWPF) feed tank. The work described here consists of two modeling areas. They are the mixing modeling analysis during miscible liquid blending operation, and the flow pattern analysis during transfer operation of the blended liquid. The transient CFD governing equations consisting of three momentum equations, one mass balance, two turbulence transport equations for kinetic energy and dissipation rate, and one species transport were solved by an iterative technique until the species concentrations of tank fluid were in equilibrium. The steady-state flow solutions for the entire tank fluid were used for flow pattern analysis, for velocity scaling analysis, and the initial conditions for transient blending calculations. A series of the modeling calculations were performed to estimate the blending times for various jet flow conditions, and to investigate the impact of the cooling coils on the blending time of the tank contents. The modeling results were benchmarked against the pilot scale test results. All of the flow and mixing models were performed with the nozzles installed at the mid-elevation, and parallel to the tank wall. From the CFD modeling calculations, the main results are summarized as follows: (1) The benchmark analyses for the CFD flow velocity and blending models demonstrate their consistency with Engineering Development Laboratory (EDL) and literature test results in terms of local velocity measurements and experimental observations. Thus, an application of the established criterion to SRS full scale tank will provide a better, physically-based estimate of the required mixing time, and elevation of transfer pump for minimum sludge disturbance. (2) An empirical equation for a tank with no cooling coils agrees reasonably with the current modeling results for the dual jet. (3) From the sensitivity study of the cooling coils, it was found that the tank mixing time for the coiled tank was about two times longer than that of the tank fluid with no coils under the 1/10th scale, while the coiled tank required only 50% longer than the one without coils under the full scale Tank 50H. In addition, the time difference is reduced when the pumping U{sub o}d{sub o} value is increased for a given tank. (4) The blending time for T-shape dual jet pump is about 20% longer than that of 15{sup o} upward V-shape pump under the 1/10th pilot-scale tank, while the time difference between the two pumps is about 12% for the full-scale Tank 50H. These results are consistent with the literature information. (5) A transfer pump with a solid-plate suction screen operating at 130 gpm can be located 9.5 inches above settled sludge for 2 in screen height in a 85 ft waste tank without disturbing any sludge. Detailed results are summarized in Table 13. Final pump performance calculations were made by using the established CW pump design, and operating conditions to satisfy the two requirements of minimum sludge disturbance, and adequate blending of tank contents. The final calculation results show that the blending times for the coiled and uncoiled tanks coupled with the CW pump design are 159 and 83 minutes, respectively. All the results are provided in Table 16.

  6. A Model of Inflation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jarmo Mäkelä

    2014-08-26

    We consider a novel model of cosmic inflation. In our model one does not need any specific matter field to drive inflation, but inflation stems from the microscopic, Planck scale structure of spacetime, thus being of quantum gravitational origin. At a certain temperature spacetime performs a phase transition, where the cosmological constant drops from a huge, Planck scale value, which is about $10^{87}s^{-2}$ to its present, pretty small value $10^{-35}s^{-2}$. When the cosmological constant is large, the universe goes through a period of very rapid expansion which, however, comes to an abrupt end after the phase transition has been completed. Assuming that the cosmological constant depends on the age of the universe in an appropriate manner during the phase transition one may recover the predictions of the conventional inflationary scenario.

  7. Simplified tritium permeation model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Longhurst, G.R.

    1993-09-17

    In this model I seek to provide a simplified approach to solving permeation problems addressed by TMAP4. I will assume that there are m one-dimensional segments with thickness L{sub i}, i = 1, 2, {hor_ellipsis}, m, joined in series with an implantation flux, J{sub i}, implanting at the single depth, {delta}, in the first segment. From material properties and heat transfer considerations, I calculate temperatures at each face of each segment, and from those temperatures I find local diffusivities and solubilities. I assume recombination coefficients K{sub r}{sub 1} and K{sub r}{sub 2} are known at the upstream and downstream faces, respectively, but the model will generate Baskes recombination coefficient values on demand. Here I first develop the steady-state concentration equations and then show how trapping considerations can lead to good estimates of permeation transient times.

  8. Scalar potential model progress

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. C. Hodge

    2007-04-04

    Because observations of galaxies and clusters have been found inconsistent with General Relativity (GR), the focus of effort in developing a Scalar Potential Model (SPM) has been on the examination of galaxies and clusters. The SPM has been found to be consistent with cluster cellular structure, the flow of IGM from spiral galaxies to elliptical galaxies, intergalactic redshift without an expanding universe, discrete redshift, rotation curve (RC) data without dark matter, asymmetric RCs, galaxy central mass, galaxy central velocity dispersion, and the Pioneer Anomaly. In addition, the SPM suggests a model of past expansion, past contraction, and current expansion of the universe. GR corresponds to the SPM in the limit in which the effect of the Sources and Sinks approximate a flat scalar potential field such as between clusters and on the solar system scale, which is small relative to the distance to a Source.

  9. Anomaly for Model Building

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Utpal Sarkar

    2006-06-19

    A simple algorithm to calculate the group theory factor entering in anomalies at four and six dimensions for SU(N) and SO(N) groups in terms of the Casimir invariants of their subgroups is presented. Explicit examples of some of the lower dimensional representations of $SU(n), n \\leq 5$ and SO(10) groups are presented, which could be used for model building in four and six dimensions.

  10. Market Allocation (MARKAL) Model

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:Financing Tool Fits the BillDepartmentSites |Strides to BoostMARket ALlocation (MARKAL) Model

  11. Modeling volcanic ash dispersal

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2011-10-06

    Explosive volcanic eruptions inject into the atmosphere large amounts of volcanic material (ash, blocks and lapilli). Blocks and larger lapilli follow ballistic and non-ballistic trajectories and fall rapidly close to the volcano. In contrast, very fine ashes can remain entrapped in the atmosphere for months to years, and may affect the global climate in the case of large eruptions. Particles having sizes between these two end-members remain airborne from hours to days and can cover wide areas downwind. Such volcanic fallout entails a serious threat to aircraft safety and can create many undesirable effects to the communities located around the volcano. The assessment of volcanic fallout hazard is an important scientific, economic, and political issue, especially in densely populated areas. From a scientific point of view, considerable progress has been made during the last two decades through the use of increasingly powerful computational models and capabilities. Nowadays, models are used to quantify hazard scenarios and/or to give short-term forecasts during emergency situations. This talk will be focused on the main aspects related to modeling volcanic ash dispersal and fallout with application to the well known problem created by the Eyjafjöll volcano in Iceland. Moreover, a short description of the main volcanic monitoring techniques is presented.

  12. Radiolysis Process Model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Buck, Edgar C.; Wittman, Richard S.; Skomurski, Frances N.; Cantrell, Kirk J.; McNamara, Bruce K.; Soderquist, Chuck Z.

    2012-07-17

    Assessing the performance of spent (used) nuclear fuel in geological repository requires quantification of time-dependent phenomena that may influence its behavior on a time-scale up to millions of years. A high-level waste repository environment will be a dynamic redox system because of the time-dependent generation of radiolytic oxidants and reductants and the corrosion of Fe-bearing canister materials. One major difference between used fuel and natural analogues, including unirradiated UO2, is the intense radiolytic field. The radiation emitted by used fuel can produce radiolysis products in the presence of water vapor or a thin-film of water (including OH• and H• radicals, O2-, eaq, H2O2, H2, and O2) that may increase the waste form degradation rate and change radionuclide behavior. H2O2 is the dominant oxidant for spent nuclear fuel in an O2 depleted water environment, the most sensitive parameters have been identified with respect to predictions of a radiolysis model under typical conditions. As compared with the full model with about 100 reactions it was found that only 30-40 of the reactions are required to determine [H2O2] to one part in 10–5 and to preserve most of the predictions for major species. This allows a systematic approach for model simplification and offers guidance in designing experiments for validation.

  13. Sequence modelling and an extensible data model for genomic database

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Li, Peter Wei-Der Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA )

    1992-01-01

    The Human Genome Project (HGP) plans to sequence the human genome by the beginning of the next century. It will generate DNA sequences of more than 10 billion bases and complex marker sequences (maps) of more than 100 million markers. All of these information will be stored in database management systems (DBMSs). However, existing data models do not have the abstraction mechanism for modelling sequences and existing DBMS's do not have operations for complex sequences. This work addresses the problem of sequence modelling in the context of the HGP and the more general problem of an extensible object data model that can incorporate the sequence model as well as existing and future data constructs and operators. First, we proposed a general sequence model that is application and implementation independent. This model is used to capture the sequence information found in the HGP at the conceptual level. In addition, abstract and biological sequence operators are defined for manipulating the modelled sequences. Second, we combined many features of semantic and object oriented data models into an extensible framework, which we called the Extensible Object Model'', to address the need of a modelling framework for incorporating the sequence data model with other types of data constructs and operators. This framework is based on the conceptual separation between constructors and constraints. We then used this modelling framework to integrate the constructs for the conceptual sequence model. The Extensible Object Model is also defined with a graphical representation, which is useful as a tool for database designers. Finally, we defined a query language to support this model and implement the query processor to demonstrate the feasibility of the extensible framework and the usefulness of the conceptual sequence model.

  14. Sequence modelling and an extensible data model for genomic database

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Li, Peter Wei-Der |

    1992-01-01

    The Human Genome Project (HGP) plans to sequence the human genome by the beginning of the next century. It will generate DNA sequences of more than 10 billion bases and complex marker sequences (maps) of more than 100 million markers. All of these information will be stored in database management systems (DBMSs). However, existing data models do not have the abstraction mechanism for modelling sequences and existing DBMS`s do not have operations for complex sequences. This work addresses the problem of sequence modelling in the context of the HGP and the more general problem of an extensible object data model that can incorporate the sequence model as well as existing and future data constructs and operators. First, we proposed a general sequence model that is application and implementation independent. This model is used to capture the sequence information found in the HGP at the conceptual level. In addition, abstract and biological sequence operators are defined for manipulating the modelled sequences. Second, we combined many features of semantic and object oriented data models into an extensible framework, which we called the ``Extensible Object Model``, to address the need of a modelling framework for incorporating the sequence data model with other types of data constructs and operators. This framework is based on the conceptual separation between constructors and constraints. We then used this modelling framework to integrate the constructs for the conceptual sequence model. The Extensible Object Model is also defined with a graphical representation, which is useful as a tool for database designers. Finally, we defined a query language to support this model and implement the query processor to demonstrate the feasibility of the extensible framework and the usefulness of the conceptual sequence model.

  15. Modeling for Airborne Contamination

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    F.R. Faillace; Y. Yuan

    2000-08-31

    The objective of Modeling for Airborne Contamination (referred to from now on as ''this report'') is to provide a documented methodology, along with supporting information, for estimating the release, transport, and assessment of dose to workers from airborne radioactive contaminants within the Monitored Geologic Repository (MGR) subsurface during the pre-closure period. Specifically, this report provides engineers and scientists with methodologies for estimating how concentrations of contaminants might be distributed in the air and on the drift surfaces if released from waste packages inside the repository. This report also provides dose conversion factors for inhalation, air submersion, and ground exposure pathways used to derive doses to potentially exposed subsurface workers. The scope of this report is limited to radiological contaminants (particulate, volatile and gaseous) resulting from waste package leaks (if any) and surface contamination and their transport processes. Neutron activation of air, dust in the air and the rock walls of the drift during the preclosure time is not considered within the scope of this report. Any neutrons causing such activation are not themselves considered to be ''contaminants'' released from the waste package. This report: (1) Documents mathematical models and model parameters for evaluating airborne contaminant transport within the MGR subsurface; and (2) Provides tables of dose conversion factors for inhalation, air submersion, and ground exposure pathways for important radionuclides. The dose conversion factors for air submersion and ground exposure pathways are further limited to drift diameters of 7.62 m and 5.5 m, corresponding to the main and emplacement drifts, respectively. If the final repository design significantly deviates from these drift dimensions, the results in this report may require revision. The dose conversion factors are further derived by using concrete of sufficient thickness to simulate the drift walls. The gamma-ray scattering properties of concrete are sufficiently similar to those of the host rock and proposed insert material; use of concrete will have no significant impact on the conclusions. The information in this report is presented primarily for use in performing pre-closure radiological safety evaluations of radiological contaminants, but it may also be used to develop strategies for contaminant leak detection and monitoring in the MGR. Included in this report are the methods for determining the source terms and release fractions, and mathematical models and model parameters for contaminant transport and distribution within the repository. Various particle behavior mechanisms that affect the transport of contaminant are included. These particle behavior mechanisms include diffusion, settling, resuspension, agglomeration and other deposition mechanisms.

  16. Modeling of a Foamed Emulsion Bioreactor: II. Model Parametric Sensitivity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Periodicals, Inc. KEYWORDS: VOC control; air pollution control; modeling; biologically activated foam filters are increasingly utilized for air pollution control from stationary sources (Cox and Deshusses in air was examined. Model parametric sensitivity studies showed which parameters affect the removal

  17. World Energy Projection System Plus Model Documentation: Transportation Model

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2011-01-01

    This report documents the objectives, analytical approach and development of the World Energy Projection System Plus (WEPS ) International Transportation model. It also catalogues and describes critical assumptions, computational methodology, parameter estimation techniques, and model source code.

  18. World Energy Projection System Plus Model Documentation: Industrial Model

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2011-01-01

    This report documents the objectives, analytical approach and development of the World Energy Projection System Plus (WEPS ) World Industrial Model (WIM). It also catalogues and describes critical assumptions, computational methodology, parameter estimation techniques, and model source code.

  19. Separability as a modeling paradigm in large probabilistic models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richoux, William J., Jr. (William Joseph)

    2011-01-01

    Many interesting stochastic models can be formulated as finite-state vector Markov processes, with a state characterized by the values of a collection of random variables. In general, such models suffer from the curse of ...

  20. Comparison of Photovoltaic Models in the System Advisor Model: Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Blair, N. J.; Dobos, A. P.; Gilman, P.

    2013-08-01

    The System Advisor Model (SAM) is free software developed by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) for predicting the performance of renewable energy systems and analyzing the financial feasibility of residential, commercial, and utility-scale grid-connected projects. SAM offers several options for predicting the performance of photovoltaic (PV) systems. The model requires that the analyst choose from three PV system models, and depending on that choice, possibly choose from three module and two inverter component models. To obtain meaningful results from SAM, the analyst must be aware of the differences between the model options and their applicability to different modeling scenarios. This paper presents an overview the different PV model options and presents a comparison of results for a 200-kW system using different model options.

  1. World Energy Projection System Plus Model Documentation: Residential Model

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2011-01-01

    This report documents the objectives, analytical approach and development of the World Energy Projection System Plus (WEPS ) Residential Model. It also catalogues and describes critical assumptions, computational methodology, parameter estimation techniques, and model source code.

  2. World Energy Projection System Plus Model Documentation: World Electricity Model

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2011-01-01

    This report documents the objectives, analytical approach and development of the World Energy Projection System Plus (WEPS ) World Electricity Model. It also catalogues and describes critical assumptions, computational methodology, parameter estimation techniques, and model source code.

  3. Model building in neural networks with hidden Markov models 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wynne-Jones, Michael

    This thesis concerns the automatic generation of architectures for neural networks and other pattern recognition models comprising many elements of the same type. The requirement for such models, with automatically ...

  4. Constitutive modeling of fused deposition modeling acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS) 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mamadapur, Monish Shivappa

    2009-05-15

    Fused deposition modeling is a rapid prototyping process that is widely used to create prototypes. Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene is the most widely used material for fused deposition modeling. The parts are fabricated ...

  5. World Energy Projection System Plus Model Documentation: Commercial Model

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2011-01-01

    This report documents the objectives, analytical approach and development of the World Energy Projection System Plus (WEPS ) Commercial Model. It also catalogues and describes critical assumptions, computational methodology, parameter estimation techniques, and model source code.

  6. Modeling Interregional Transmission Congestion in the National Energy Modeling System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gumerman, Etan; Chan, Peter; Lesieutre, Bernard; Marnay, Chris; Wang, Juan

    2006-01-01

    to a load center via a DC transmission line such that flowsD.C. 127 pages. Modeling Interregional Transmission

  7. Comparison of Competing Software Reliability Models: Bayesian Model Selection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Basu, Sanjib

    is in software development and testing. The goal of software reliability research is to quantify the performanceComparison of Competing Software Reliability Models: Bayesian Model Selection Sanjib Basu and Nader@math.niu.edu and nader@math.niu.edu Abstract Software reliability models are used to describe the evolution

  8. Vegetated Roof Water-Balance Model: Experimental and Model Results

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vegetated Roof Water-Balance Model: Experimental and Model Results James A. Sherrard Jr.1 and Jennifer M. Jacobs, M.ASCE2 Abstract: A five parameter, daily vegetated roof water balance model (VR-WBM) was developed, calibrated, and validated by using experimental vegetated roof data from the Seacoast, New

  9. Gas Distribution Modeling using Sparse Gaussian Process Mixture Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Teschner, Matthias

    Gas Distribution Modeling using Sparse Gaussian Process Mixture Models Cyrill Stachniss1 Christian-- In this paper, we consider the problem of learning a two dimensional spatial model of a gas distribution with a mobile robot. Building maps that can be used to accurately predict the gas concentration at query

  10. STEAM RECEIVER MODELS FOR SOLAR DISH CONCENTRATORS: TWO MODELS COMPARED

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    that commercial steam turbines operate at. It is envisaged that plants based on large arrays of dishes wouldSTEAM RECEIVER MODELS FOR SOLAR DISH CONCENTRATORS: TWO MODELS COMPARED José Zapata, Keith response of a parabolic dish steam cavity receiver. Both approaches are based on a heat transfer model

  11. CELLULAR AUTOMATA MODELS: A SANDPILE MODEL APPLIED IN FUSION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anastasiadis, Anastasios

    CELLULAR AUTOMATA MODELS: A SANDPILE MODEL APPLIED IN FUSION Anastasios Anastasiadis Institute present the basic properties of a simple cellular automaton (CA) model proposed for the study insights regarding the dynamics of magnetically confined plasmas. 1 CELLULAR AUTOMATA AND SELF ORGANIZED

  12. Modelling the Electricity Market: from Equilibrium Models to Simulation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lavaei, Javad

    Modelling the Electricity Market: from Equilibrium Models to Simulation Yoann Poirier Abstract - This paper aims at providing an overview of the different models used in order to describe the Electricity the Electricity Market: Cournot Equilibrium, Bertrand Equilibrium and Supply Function Equilibrium. I will make

  13. Modeling Interplanetary Logistics: A Mathematical Model for Mission Planning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Weck, Olivier L.

    Modeling Interplanetary Logistics: A Mathematical Model for Mission Planning Christine Taylor, Miao design is how to best design the logistics required to sustain the exploration initiative. Using terrestrial logistics modeling tools that have been extended to encompass the dynamics and requirements

  14. A framework for benchmarking land models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2012-01-01

    their inclu- sion in Earth system models (ESMs). State-of-land models cou- pled to Earth system models should simulateland models within Earth system models, however, can help

  15. Model combination by decomposition and aggregation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xu, Mingyang, 1974-

    2004-01-01

    This thesis focuses on a general problem in statistical modeling, namely model combination. It proposes a novel feature-based model combination method to improve model accuracy and reduce model uncertainty. In this method, ...

  16. Modeling applied to problem solving

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pawl, Andrew

    We describe a modeling approach to help students learn expert problem solving. Models are used to present and hierarchically organize the syllabus content and apply it to problem solving, but students do not develop and ...

  17. HYDROLYZED WOOD SLURRY FLOW MODELING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wrathall, Jim

    2012-01-01

    LBL-10090 UC-61 HYDROLYZED WOOD SLURRY FLOW MODELING JimLBL-10090 HYDROLYZED WOOD SLURRY FLOW MODELING Jim Wrathallconversion of hydrolyzed wood slurry to fuel oil, Based on

  18. Thermal Modeling of Lundell Alternators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tang, Sai Chun

    Thermal analysis of Lundell alternators used in automobiles is presented. An analytical thermal model for Lundell alternators is proposed, and procedures for acquiring the model parameters are elucidated. Based on the ...

  19. Tools for dynamic model development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schaber, Spencer Daniel

    2014-01-01

    For this thesis, several tools for dynamic model development were developed and analyzed. Dynamic models can be used to simulate and optimize the behavior of a great number of natural and engineered systems, from the ...

  20. Approximate inference in graphical models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hennig, Philipp

    2011-02-08

    are developed for challenging applied inference problems. Chapter 3 derives the first probabilistic game tree search algorithm. Chapter 4 provides a novel expressive model for inference in psychometric questionnaires. Chapter 5 develops a model for the topics...