Sample records for model structure assumptions

  1. Assumption-Commitment Support for CSP Model Checking

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    AVoCS 2006 Assumption-Commitment Support for CSP Model Checking Nick Moffat1 Systems Assurance using CSP. In our formulation, an assumption-commitment style property of a process SYS takes the form-Guarantee, CSP, Model Checking, Compositional Reasoning 1 Introduction The principle of compositional program

  2. Cost and Performance Assumptions for Modeling Electricity Generation Technologies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tidball, R.; Bluestein, J.; Rodriguez, N.; Knoke, S.


    The goal of this project was to compare and contrast utility scale power plant characteristics used in data sets that support energy market models. Characteristics include both technology cost and technology performance projections to the year 2050. Cost parameters include installed capital costs and operation and maintenance (O&M) costs. Performance parameters include plant size, heat rate, capacity factor or availability factor, and plant lifetime. Conventional, renewable, and emerging electricity generating technologies were considered. Six data sets, each associated with a different model, were selected. Two of the data sets represent modeled results, not direct model inputs. These two data sets include cost and performance improvements that result from increased deployment as well as resulting capacity factors estimated from particular model runs; other data sets represent model input data. For the technologies contained in each data set, the levelized cost of energy (LCOE) was also evaluated, according to published cost, performance, and fuel assumptions.

  3. Adaptive Hardness and Composable Security in the Plain Model from Standard Assumptions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Keinan, Alon

    Adaptive Hardness and Composable Security in the Plain Model from Standard Assumptions Ran Canetti-up or public keys. Tel Aviv University, Email: Cornell University, E-Mail: huijia

  4. On the assumption of mutual independence of jitter realizations in P-TRNG stochastic models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    On the assumption of mutual independence of jitter realizations in P-TRNG stochastic models Patrick at transistor level and on conversion of the noise to the clock jitter exploited at the generator level. Using this approach, we can estimate proportion of the jitter coming only from the thermal noise, which is included

  5. An Assumption for the Development of Bootstrap Variants of the Akaike Information Criterion in Mixed Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shang, Junfeng

    in Mixed Models Junfeng Shang 1, and Joseph E. Cavanaugh 2, 1 Bowling Green State University, USA 2 of Mathematics and Statistics, 450 Math Science Building, Bowling Green State University, Bowling Green, OH 43403 The University of Iowa, USA Abstract: This note provides a proof of a fundamental assumption in the verification

  6. The Role Of Modeling Assumptions And Policy Instruments in Evaluating The Global Implications Of U.S. Biofuel Policies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Oladosu, Gbadebo A [ORNL; Kline, Keith L [ORNL


    The primary objective of current U.S. biofuel law the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA) is to reduce dependence on imported oil, but the law also requires biofuels to meet carbon emission reduction thresholds relative to petroleum fuels. EISA created a renewable fuel standard with annual targets for U.S. biofuel use that climb gradually from 9 billion gallons per year in 2008 to 36 billion gallons (or about 136 billion liters) of biofuels per year by 2022. The most controversial aspects of the biofuel policy have centered on the global social and environmental implications of its potential land use effects. In particular, there is an ongoing debate about whether indirect land use change (ILUC) make biofuels a net source, rather sink, of carbon emissions. However, estimates of ILUC induced by biofuel production and use can only be inferred through modeling. This paper evaluates how model structure, underlying assumptions, and the representation of policy instruments influence the results of U.S. biofuel policy simulations. The analysis shows that differences in these factors can lead to divergent model estimates of land use and economic effects. Estimates of the net conversion of forests and grasslands induced by U.S. biofuel policy range from 0.09 ha/1000 gallons described in this paper to 0.73 ha/1000 gallons from early studies in the ILUC change debate. We note that several important factors governing LUC change remain to be examined. Challenges that must be addressed to improve global land use change modeling are highlighted.

  7. Sensitivity of economic performance of the nuclear fuel cycle to simulation modeling assumptions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bonnet, Nicéphore


    Comparing different nuclear fuel cycles and assessing their implications require a fuel cycle simulation model as complete and realistic as possible. In this thesis, methodological implications of modeling choices are ...

  8. What are the Starting Points? Evaluating Base-Year Assumptions in the Asian Modeling Exercise

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chaturvedi, Vaibhav; Waldhoff, Stephanie; Clarke, Leon E.; Fujimori, Shinichiro


    A common feature of model inter-comparison efforts is that the base year numbers for important parameters such as population and GDP can differ substantially across models. This paper explores the sources and implications of this variation in Asian countries across the models participating in the Asian Modeling Exercise (AME). Because the models do not all have a common base year, each team was required to provide data for 2005 for comparison purposes. This paper compares the year 2005 information for different models, noting the degree of variation in important parameters, including population, GDP, primary energy, electricity, and CO2 emissions. It then explores the difference in these key parameters across different sources of base-year information. The analysis confirms that the sources provide different values for many key parameters. This variation across data sources and additional reasons why models might provide different base-year numbers, including differences in regional definitions, differences in model base year, and differences in GDP transformation methodologies, are then discussed in the context of the AME scenarios. Finally, the paper explores the implications of base-year variation on long-term model results.

  9. Malthusian assumptions lead to Boserupian phenology in a global model of the transitions to agriculture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lemmen, Carsten


    In the many transitions from foraging to agropastoralism it is debated whether innovation in technology or increase of population is the primary driver. The driver discussion traditionally separates Malthusian (technology driven) from Boserupian (population driven) theories. I present a numerical model of the transition to agriculture and discuss this model in the light of the population versus technology debate and in Boserup's analytical frame- work in development theory. Although my model is based on ecological-Neomalthusian- principles, the coevolutionary positive feedback relationship between technology and population results in apparent Boserupian behaviour: innovation is greatest when population pressure is highest. This outcome is not only visible in the theory-driven reduced model, but is also present in a corresponding "real world" simulator which was tested against archaeological data, and which thus demonstrates the relevance and validity of the coevolutionary model. The lesson to be learned is th...


    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wood, D.J.


    of Assumptions and Analysis in EPRI EA-3409, "Householdby the Electric Power Research Institute, Inc. ("EPRI").Neither EPRI, members of EPRI, nor Lawrence Berkeley

  11. Large Engineering Systems Conference on Power Engineering, July 2004, Halifax Canada. IEEE 2004 1 Abstract--One important assumption in a model of an

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    is with the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706 USA (e Abstract--One important assumption in a model of an electricity market is the format of bids and costs. Most literature on electricity markets uses piecewise linear or quadratic functions to represent costs

  12. Key Assumptions Policy Issues

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Supply Limitations 8 Withi h B l i8. Within-hour Balancing 9. Capacity and Energy Values for Wind · Independent Power Producers C t ti· Current assumptions · Winter: full availability ~ 3,200 MW · Summer: 1 t b it d d li d· Thermal: must be sited and licensed · Wind/solar: must be sited and licensed · EE


    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wood, D.J.


    of residential space heating technology choice. That choicemarket for space heating technologies. EPRI modeled thesethe selection of space heating technology. It is more likely

  14. Variation in Estimated Ozone-Related Health Impacts of Climate Change due to Modeling Choices and Assumptions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Post, Ellen S.; Grambsch, A.; Weaver, C. P.; Morefield, Philip; Huang, Jin; Leung, Lai-Yung R.; Nolte, Christopher G.; Adams, P. J.; Liang, Xin-Zhong; Zhu, J.; Mahoney, Hardee


    Future climate change may cause air quality degradation via climate-induced changes in meteorology, atmospheric chemistry, and emissions into the air. Few studies have explicitly modeled the potential relationships between climate change, air quality, and human health, and fewer still have investigated the sensitivity of estimates to the underlying modeling choices.

  15. Development of a tool dedicated to the evaluation of hydrogen term source for technological Wastes: assumptions, physical models, and validation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lamouroux, C. [CEA Saclay, Nuclear Energy Division /DANS, Department of physico-chemistry, 91191 Gif sur yvette (France); Esnouf, S. [CEA Saclay, DSM/IRAMIS/SIS2M/Radiolysis Laboratory , 91191 Gif sur yvette (France); Cochin, F. [Areva NC,recycling BU, DIRP/RDP tour Areva, 92084 Paris La Defense (France)


    In radioactive waste packages hydrogen is generated, in one hand, from the radiolysis of wastes (mainly organic materials) and, in the other hand, from the radiolysis of water content in the cement matrix. In order to assess hydrogen generation 2 tools based on operational models have been developed. One is dedicated to the determination of the hydrogen source term issues from the radiolysis of the wastes: the STORAGE tool (Simulation Tool Of Emission Radiolysis Gas), the other deals with the hydrogen source term gas, produced by radiolysis of the cement matrices (the Damar tool). The approach used by the STORAGE tool for assessing the production rate of radiolysis gases is divided into five steps: 1) Specification of the data packages, in particular, inventories and radiological materials defined for a package medium; 2) Determination of radiochemical yields for the different constituents and the laws of behavior associated, this determination of radiochemical yields is made from the PRELOG database in which radiochemical yields in different irradiation conditions have been compiled; 3) Definition of hypothesis concerning the composition and the distribution of contamination inside the package to allow assessment of the power absorbed by the constituents; 4) Sum-up of all the contributions; And finally, 5) validation calculations by comparison with a reduced sampling of packages. Comparisons with measured values confirm the conservative character of the methodology and give confidence in the safety margins for safety analysis report.

  16. Modelling intonational structure using hidden markov models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wright, Helen; Taylor, Paul A


    A method is introduced for using hidden Markov models (HMMs) to model intonational structure. HMMs are probabilistic and can capture the variability in structure which previous finite state network models lack. We show ...

  17. Can a more realistic model error structure improve the parameter estimation in modelling the dynamics of sh populations?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Yong

    or applying an estimation method that is robust to the error structure assumption in modelling the dynamicsCan a more realistic model error structure improve the parameter estimation in modelling the dynamics of ®sh populations? Y. Chena,* , J.E. Paloheimob a Fisheries Conservation Chair Program, Fisheries

  18. Structural system identification: Structural dynamics model validation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Red-Horse, J.R.


    Structural system identification is concerned with the development of systematic procedures and tools for developing predictive analytical models based on a physical structure`s dynamic response characteristics. It is a multidisciplinary process that involves the ability (1) to define high fidelity physics-based analysis models, (2) to acquire accurate test-derived information for physical specimens using diagnostic experiments, (3) to validate the numerical simulation model by reconciling differences that inevitably exist between the analysis model and the experimental data, and (4) to quantify uncertainties in the final system models and subsequent numerical simulations. The goal of this project was to develop structural system identification techniques and software suitable for both research and production applications in code and model validation.

  19. Structural model of uramarsite

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rastsvetaeva, R. K., E-mail: [Russian Academy of Sciences, Shubnikov Institute of Crystallography (Russian Federation); Sidorenko, G. A. [All-Russia Research Institute of Mineral Resources (VIMS) (Russian Federation); Ivanova, A. G. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Shubnikov Institute of Crystallography (Russian Federation); Chukanov, N. V. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Institute of Problems of Chemical Physics (Russian Federation)


    The structural model of uramarsite, a new mineral of the uran-mica family from the Bota-Burum deposit (South Kazakhstan), is determined using a single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis. The parameters of the triclinic unit cell are as follows: a = 7.173(2) A, b = 7.167(5) A, c = 9.30(1) A, {alpha} = 90.13(7){sup o}, {beta} = 90.09(4){sup o}, {gamma} = 89.96(4){sup o}, and space group P1. The crystal chemical formula of uramarsite is: (UO{sub 2}){sub 2}[AsO{sub 4}][PO{sub 4},AsO{sub 4}][NH{sub 4}][H{sub 3}O] . 6H{sub 2}O (Z = 1). Uramarsite is the second ammonium-containing mineral of uranium and an arsenate analogue of uramphite. In the case of uramarsite, the lowering of the symmetry from tetragonal to triclinic, which is accompanied by a triclinic distortion of the tetragonal unit cell, is apparently caused by the ordering of the As and P atoms and the NH{sub 4}, H{sub 3}O, and H{sub 2}O groups.

  20. Compiled 11/ 14/ 2011 by OPBA. These assumptions are for modeling purposes only. They are subject to change. Page 1 of 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vonessen, Nikolaus

    .1 Electricity 2% 2% 231.7 3.7 Fuel Oil 9% 8% 240.8 3.9 Natural Gas -25% 0% 253.1 5.1 Lab Gas 0% 0% 260.3 2.8 Water 3% 3% 273.2 5.0 Sewer 6% 5% 279.3 2.2 Garbage 4% 4% 281.8 0.9 *FY13 based on projections dated 6.03% 18.46% 3.33% 5.54% Higher Education Price Index (HEPI)* Utility Assumptions Fiscal Year 2002 3,679 3

  1. SPAR Model Structural Efficiencies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    John Schroeder; Dan Henry


    The Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) and the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) are supporting initiatives aimed at improving the quality of probabilistic risk assessments (PRAs). Included in these initiatives are the resolution of key technical issues that are have been judged to have the most significant influence on the baseline core damage frequency of the NRC’s Standardized Plant Analysis Risk (SPAR) models and licensee PRA models. Previous work addressed issues associated with support system initiating event analysis and loss of off-site power/station blackout analysis. The key technical issues were: • Development of a standard methodology and implementation of support system initiating events • Treatment of loss of offsite power • Development of standard approach for emergency core cooling following containment failure Some of the related issues were not fully resolved. This project continues the effort to resolve outstanding issues. The work scope was intended to include substantial collaboration with EPRI; however, EPRI has had other higher priority initiatives to support. Therefore this project has addressed SPAR modeling issues. The issues addressed are • SPAR model transparency • Common cause failure modeling deficiencies and approaches • Ac and dc modeling deficiencies and approaches • Instrumentation and control system modeling deficiencies and approaches


    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hiemstra, Djoerd

    and manipulating content and hierarchical structure such as the parsed strings model [10], PAT expressions [15STRUCTURED TEXT RETRIEVAL MODELS Djoerd Hiemstra University of Twente http DEFINITION Structured text retrieval models provide a formal definition or mathematical framework

  3. Structural Analysis of Combustion Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tóth, J; Zsély, I


    Using ReactionKinetics, a Mathematica based package a few dozen detailed models for combustion of hydrogen, carbon monoxide and methanol are investigated. Essential structural characteristics are pulled out, and similarities and differences of the mechanisms are highlighted. These investigations can be used before or parallel with usual numerical investigations, such as pathway analysis, sensitivity analysis, parameter estimation, or simulation.

  4. Structure formation: Models, Dynamics and Status

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    T. Padmanabhan


    The constraints on the models for the structure formation arising from various cosmological observations at different length scales are reviewed. The status of different models for structure formation is examined critically in the light of these observations.

  5. Appendix MASS: Performance Assessment Modeling Assumptions

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office511041cloth DocumentationProductsAlternative FuelsSanta3 TableimpurityAppeals8I CulturalM Noxious

  6. Structural model uncertainty in stochastic simulation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McKay, M.D.; Morrison, J.D. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States). Technology and Safety Assessment Div.


    Prediction uncertainty in stochastic simulation models can be described by a hierarchy of components: stochastic variability at the lowest level, input and parameter uncertainty at a higher level, and structural model uncertainty at the top. It is argued that a usual paradigm for analysis of input uncertainty is not suitable for application to structural model uncertainty. An approach more likely to produce an acceptable methodology for analyzing structural model uncertainty is one that uses characteristics specific to the particular family of models.

  7. The Power of a Few Large Blocks: A credible assumption with incredible efficiency

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Foster, Dean P.

    i.i.d. assumption about the error structure, the two-sample t-statistic for oil was significantThe Power of a Few Large Blocks: A credible assumption with incredible efficiency Dongyu Lin and Dean P. Foster Abstract The most powerful assumption in data analysis is that of independence. Unfortu

  8. Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook 2013

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    assumptions regarding technically recoverable oil resources. Inputs to these resource estimates include the USGS World Petroleum Assessment of 2000 and oil reserves...

  9. Model Structure Analysis for Model-based Operation of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Van den Hof, Paul

    conducted in the framework of the "Integrated System Approach Petroleum Production" (ISAPP) programmeModel Structure Analysis for Model-based Operation of Petroleum Reservoirs #12;#12;MODEL STRUCTURE ANALYSIS FOR MODEL-BASED OPERATION OF PETROLEUM RESERVOIRS PROEFSCHRIFT ter verkrijging van de graad van

  10. Optima Dock Synchronization under Different Delay Assumptions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lynch, Nancy

    Projects, National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM). Email: iryktvmhbitnet or anarCwatson. ibm by broadcast networks in which every message arrives to all processors at approximately the same time, message passing systems, networks, optimization, message delay assumptions, precision. Department

  11. Models for solvated biomolecular structures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cerutti, David


    Point Charge / Extended (SPC/E) [15] [100] and Transferableexplicit water models). In both SPC/E and TIP3P, the siteearlier, models such as TIP3P and SPC/E describe water in a

  12. Singularity free analysis of a self-similar model of proton structure function at small \\textit{x}

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baishali Saikia; D. K. Choudhury


    In this paper we make re-analysis of a self-similarity based model of the proton structure function at small \\textit{x} pursued in recent years. The additional assumption is that it should be singularity free in the entire kinematic range $0analysis indicates that the model is valid in a more restrictive range of $Q^{2}$. We also discuss the possibility of incorporation of Froissart saturation condition in the model.

  13. The Structure of Tradeoffs in Model Building

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weisberg, Michael

    The Structure of Tradeoffs in Model Building John Matthewson Australia National University Michael of model building depending on their theoretical goals (1966). His own discussion argued that a three three types of tradeoff relevant for model building. After giving definitions for these, we investigate

  14. Preliminary Assumptions for Natural Gas Peaking

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ; adjusted to 2012$, state construction cost index, vintage of cost estimate, scope of estimate to extent's Discussion Aeroderivative Gas Turbine Technology Proposed reference plant and assumptions Preliminary cost Robbins 2 #12;Peaking Power Plant Characteristics 6th Power Plan ($2006) Unit Size (MW) Capital Cost ($/k

  15. Supply-side Resources & Planning Assumptions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    - station Solar PV (from 6th Plan) 25 MW dc/20 MW net ac output using flat plate non concentrating single) ­ Storage Resource assessment data needs and applications R d f t Resources proposed for assessment Forecasts ProCost 46/19/2013 #12;6/19/2013 3 Resource data & planning assumptions Reference plant (New


    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rathbun, Julie A.


  17. Arctic Ice Dynamics Joint Experiment (AIDJEX) assumptions revisited and found inadequate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sulsky, Deborah L.

    the Arctic Ice Dynamics Joint Experiment (AIDJEX) assumptions about pack ice behavior with an eye to modeling the behavior of pack ice. A model based on these assumptions is needed to represent the deformation and stress in pack ice on scales from 10 to 100 km, and would need to explicitly resolve discontinuities

  18. Comparison of ?Z-structure function models

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rislow, Benjamin C. [Department of Physics, College of William and Mary, Williamsburg, VA 23187 (United States)


    The ?Z-box is an important contribution to the proton's weak charge. The ?Z-box is calculated dispersively and depends on ?Z-structure functions, F{sub 1,2,3}{sup ?Z}(x,Q{sup 2}). At present there is no data for these structure functions and they must be modeled by modifying existing fits to electromagnetic data. Each group that has studied the ?Z-box used different modifications. The results of the PVDIS experiment at Jefferson Lab may provide a first test of the validity of each group's models. I present details of the different models and their predictions for the PVDIS result.

  19. Modeling Fission Product Sorption in Graphite Structures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Szlufarska, Izabela [University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI (United States); Morgan, Dane [University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI (United States); Allen, Todd [University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI (United States)


    The goal of this project is to determine changes in adsorption and desorption of fission products to/from nuclear-grade graphite in response to a changing chemical environment. First, the project team will employ principle calculations and thermodynamic analysis to predict stability of fission products on graphite in the presence of structural defects commonly observed in very high- temperature reactor (VHTR) graphites. Desorption rates will be determined as a function of partial pressure of oxygen and iodine, relative humidity, and temperature. They will then carry out experimental characterization to determine the statistical distribution of structural features. This structural information will yield distributions of binding sites to be used as an input for a sorption model. Sorption isotherms calculated under this project will contribute to understanding of the physical bases of the source terms that are used in higher-level codes that model fission product transport and retention in graphite. The project will include the following tasks: Perform structural characterization of the VHTR graphite to determine crystallographic phases, defect structures and their distribution, volume fraction of coke, and amount of sp2 versus sp3 bonding. This information will be used as guidance for ab initio modeling and as input for sorptivity models; Perform ab initio calculations of binding energies to determine stability of fission products on the different sorption sites present in nuclear graphite microstructures. The project will use density functional theory (DFT) methods to calculate binding energies in vacuum and in oxidizing environments. The team will also calculate stability of iodine complexes with fission products on graphite sorption sites; Model graphite sorption isotherms to quantify concentration of fission products in graphite. The binding energies will be combined with a Langmuir isotherm statistical model to predict the sorbed concentration of fission products on each type of graphite site. The model will include multiple simultaneous adsorbing species, which will allow for competitive adsorption effects between different fission product species and O and OH (for modeling accident conditions).

  20. Feature extraction for structural dynamics model validation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hemez, Francois [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Farrar, Charles [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Park, Gyuhae [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Nishio, Mayuko [UNIV OF TOKYO; Worden, Keith [UNIV OF SHEFFIELD; Takeda, Nobuo [UNIV OF TOKYO


    This study focuses on defining and comparing response features that can be used for structural dynamics model validation studies. Features extracted from dynamic responses obtained analytically or experimentally, such as basic signal statistics, frequency spectra, and estimated time-series models, can be used to compare characteristics of structural system dynamics. By comparing those response features extracted from experimental data and numerical outputs, validation and uncertainty quantification of numerical model containing uncertain parameters can be realized. In this study, the applicability of some response features to model validation is first discussed using measured data from a simple test-bed structure and the associated numerical simulations of these experiments. issues that must be considered were sensitivity, dimensionality, type of response, and presence or absence of measurement noise in the response. Furthermore, we illustrate a comparison method of multivariate feature vectors for statistical model validation. Results show that the outlier detection technique using the Mahalanobis distance metric can be used as an effective and quantifiable technique for selecting appropriate model parameters. However, in this process, one must not only consider the sensitivity of the features being used, but also correlation of the parameters being compared.

  1. OIKOS 101: 499504, 2003 Do seedlings in gaps interact? A field test of assumptions in ESS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Silvertown, Jonathan

    OIKOS 101: 499­504, 2003 Do seedlings in gaps interact? A field test of assumptions in ESS seed seedlings in gaps interact? A field test of assumptions in ESS seed size models. ­ Oikos 101: 499­504. ESS for the occupancy of `safe sites' or vegetation gaps. If mortality rates are high and/or frequency-independent, ESS

  2. Modelling the Contribution Structure Underlying Requirements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gotel, Olly

    Modelling the Contribution Structure Underlying Requirements Orlena C. Z. Gotel & Anthony C, and hence trace, those who have contributed in the production and refinement of the requirements illustrate the relationship between RT and software quality. In Section 3, we show the restricted impact

  3. Turbulence model of the cosmic structure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jose Gaite


    The Kolmogorov approach to turbulence is applied to the Burgers turbulence in the stochastic adhesion model of large-scale structure formation. As the perturbative approach to this model is unreliable, here is proposed a new, non-perturbative approach, based on a suitable formulation of Kolmogorov's scaling laws. This approach suggests that the power-law exponent of the matter density two-point correlation function is in the range 1--1.33, but it also suggests that the adhesion model neglects important aspects of the gravitational dynamics.

  4. Coastal Structures Modeling Complex | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving You are now leaving You are beingZealand JumpConceptual Model, clickInformationNew York: Energy ResourcesCoastal Structures Modeling

  5. Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook 2013

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    footage of both new construction and existing structures, based on trends in new construction and remodeling. Industrial Demand Module The Industrial Demand Module (IDM)...

  6. Thermomechanical characterization and modeling for TSV structures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jiang, Tengfei; Zhao, Qiu; Im, Jay; Ho, Paul S. [Microelectronics Research Center, University of Texas, Austin, TX 78712 (United States); Ryu, Suk-Kyu; Huang, Rui [Department of Aerospace Engineering and Engineering Mechanics, University of Texas, Austin, TX 78712 (United States)


    Continual scaling of devices and on-chip wiring has brought significant challenges for materials and processes beyond the 32-nm technology node in microelectronics. Recently, three-dimensional (3-D) integration with through-silicon vias (TSVs) has emerged as an effective solution to meet the future technology requirements. Among others, thermo-mechanical reliability is a key concern for the development of TSV structures used in die stacking as 3-D interconnects. This paper presents experimental measurements of the thermal stresses in TSV structures and analyses of interfacial reliability. The micro-Raman measurements were made to characterize the local distribution of the near-surface stresses in Si around TSVs. On the other hand, the precision wafer curvature technique was employed to measure the average stress and deformation in the TSV structures subject to thermal cycling. To understand the elastic and plastic behavior of TSVs, the microstructural evolution of the Cu vias was analyzed using focused ion beam (FIB) and electron backscattering diffraction (EBSD) techniques. Furthermore, the impact of thermal stresses on interfacial reliability of TSV structures was investigated by a shear-lag cohesive zone model that predicts the critical temperatures and critical via diameters.

  7. Optimization Online - A Non-Parametric Structural Hybrid Modeling ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Somayeh Moazeni


    Jun 30, 2014 ... A Non-Parametric Structural Hybrid Modeling Approach for Electricity Prices ... Keywords: Electricity market; Electricity price modeling; Energy ...

  8. Current Status and Future Assumptions INTRODUCTION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    structure, higher electricity prices, and regional and national conservation efforts. 0 5000 10000 15000 of the region's electricity system, some relevant historical trends leading to that status, and the Council's projections of how that status might change in the future. An understanding of our current situation and how

  9. On the Limitations of Universally Composable Two Party Computation Without Setup Assumptions #

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lindell, Yehuda

    for essentially any cryptographic task in the plain model (i.e., with no setup assumptions beyond regarding the existence of universally composable protocols in the plain model without honest majority of universally composable two­party function evaluation in the plain model. Our results show that in this setting

  10. Proposed database model and file structures for arthropod collection management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mathis, Wayne N.

    Proposed database model and file structures for arthropod collection management Ronald A for taxonomic analysis or behavioral, physiological, and ecological information. The database model described how specific computerization projects can be related to each other. The proposed database model

  11. Assumptions that imply quantum dynamics is linear

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas F. Jordan


    A basic linearity of quantum dynamics, that density matrices are mapped linearly to density matrices, is proved very simply for a system that does not interact with anything else. It is assumed that at each time the physical quantities and states are described by the usual linear structures of quantum mechanics. Beyond that, the proof assumes only that the dynamics does not depend on anything outside the system but must allow the system to be described as part of a larger system. The basic linearity is linked with previously established results to complete a simple derivation of the linear Schrodinger equation. For this it is assumed that density matrices are mapped one-to-one onto density matrices. An alternative is to assume that pure states are mapped one-to-one onto pure states and that entropy does not decrease.

  12. ONGOING RESEARCH PROJECTS Model of tropical forest structure and dynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hill, Jeffrey E.

    ONGOING RESEARCH PROJECTS Model of tropical forest structure and dynamics There is a need canopy structure and partitions dynamic rates for a tropical forest on Barro Colorado Island (BCI structure and partitions dynamic rates in a tropical forest. In Review. Journal of Ecology. #12;PPA model

  13. Tree-Structured GARCH Models Francesco Audrino and Peter Buhlmann

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buehlmann, Peter

    Tree-Structured GARCH Models Francesco Audrino and Peter Buhlmann #3; ETH Zurich, Switzerland Revised Version February 2001 Abstract We propose a new GARCH model with tree-structured multiple tree where every terminal node parameterizes a (local) GARCH model for a partition cell


    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    MODELING WITH STRUCTURE OF RESINS IN ELECTRONIC COMPONENTS Qiang YU* , Tadahiro SHIBUTANI* , Masaki model of the interfacial structure of resin in electronic components was proposed. Bimaterial model, interfacial fracture becomes one of the most important problems in the assessment of reliability

  15. A Preliminary Structural Model for the Blue Mountain Geothermal...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Preliminary Structural Model for the Blue Mountain Geothermal Field, Humboldt County, Nevada Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Conference Paper: A...

  16. A Structural Model Guide For Geothermal Exploration In Ancestral...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Journal Article: A Structural Model Guide For Geothermal Exploration In Ancestral Mount Bao, Leyte, Philippines Abstract The...

  17. Optimization Online - A Structure-Conveying Modelling Language ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marco Colombo


    Mar 24, 2009 ... A Structure-Conveying Modelling Language for Mathematical and Stochastic Programming. Marco Colombo (m.colombo ***at***

  18. Modeling Structural Properties of Breast Cancer Cells at NERSC

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Biological cells Modeling structural properties of cells Goals To advance in detection, characterization, analysis and predictions of biological cells and their inherent...

  19. antibody structural model: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    for current cosmic acceleration. By deriving and solving the equations governing the evolution of the structure in the Universe, we show that this model predicts a pattern of...

  20. Robust nite-di erence modelling of complex structures1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oprsal, Ivo

    with the 1Proc. of HIGH PERFORMANCE COMPUTING IN SEISMIC MODELLING, An International Sympo- sium, Zaragoza-difference modelling of complex structures Paper No. 15 in Proc. of Int. Symposium on High Performance Computing

  1. Validity of conventional assumptions concerning flexible response. Research report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gutierrez, M.J.


    The North Atlantic Treaty Organization is an alliance for collective defense. Made up of 16 countries, NATO has been a successful alliance because there has been no war in Europe since 1945. In 1967, NATO adopted the strategy of flexible response, a strategy dependent upon conventional, tactical nuclear, and strategic nuclear weapons to provide deterrence from a Warsaw Pact attack. Although successful, NATO is suffering from an erosion in conventional strength. NATO continues to make assumptions about its conventional capabilities to successfully meet the requirements of the flexible response strategy. In the present day world of NATO, there is limited funding, a fact that is not likely to change any time in the foreseeable future. Limited funding makes it impossible to buy all the conventional force structure needed to ideally support the current strategy, also a fact that is unlikely to change. This paper shows limitations in some of the ways NATO assumes it can conventionally perform its mission. It is the author's position that NATO should modernize its conventional thinking to make it more in line with the realities of the situation NATO finds itself in today.

  2. Sensitivity of Rooftop PV Projections in the SunShot Vision Study to Market Assumptions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Drury, E.; Denholm, P.; Margolis, R.


    The SunShot Vision Study explored the potential growth of solar markets if solar prices decreased by about 75% from 2010 to 2020. The SolarDS model was used to simulate rooftop PV demand for this study, based on several PV market assumptions--future electricity rates, customer access to financing, and others--in addition to the SunShot PV price projections. This paper finds that modeled PV demand is highly sensitive to several non-price market assumptions, particularly PV financing parameters.

  3. Modeling covariance structure in unbalanced longitudinal data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Min


    CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 II A REVIEW OF MODELING COVARIANCE MATRICES WITH MODIFIED CHOLESKY DECOMPOSITION . . . . . . 5 2.1 Modified Cholesky Decomposition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 2.2 Fixed... Linear Mixed Models . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 2.6 Linear Mixed-Effects Models: Balanced Longitudinal Data 15 III FIXED-EFFECTS MODELS WITH UNBALANCED LON- GITUDINAL DATA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 3.1 Introduction...

  4. SWITCH-WECC Data, Assumptions, and Model Formulation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    ....................................................................................... 5 1.3 Cost and Fuel Price Inputs........................................................... 20 2.7 Fuel Prices ............................................................................................................. 20 2.8 Biomass Solid Supply Curve

  5. 1Kaiserslautern 9/05 Structural Break Detection in Time Series ModelsStructural Break Detection in Time Series Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Regressive Modeling 4 pieces, 2.58 seconds. #12;4Kaiserslautern 9/05 Introduction Examples AR GARCH Stochastic for structural break estimation Simulation results Applications Simulation results for GARCH and SSM #12. Segmented GARCH model: where 0 = 1


    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    R.E. Sweeney


    The purpose of this assumptions document is to provide general scope, strategy, technical basis, schedule and cost assumptions for the Monitored Geologic Repository (MGR) life cycle cost (LCC) estimate and schedule update incorporating information from the Viability Assessment (VA) , License Application Design Selection (LADS), 1999 Update to the Total System Life Cycle Cost (TSLCC) estimate and from other related and updated information. This document is intended to generally follow the assumptions outlined in the previous MGR cost estimates and as further prescribed by DOE guidance.

  7. Smart Structures: Model Development and Control Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    for smart structure which utilize piezoelectric, electrostrictive, magnetostrictive or shape memory alloys are dictated by the design requirements for the system. For aeronautic and aerospace systems, control which, in certain aerospace structures, may require the scavenging of power from other components

  8. Estimating Alarm Thresholds for Process Monitoring Data under Different Assumptions about the Data Generating Mechanism

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Burr, Tom; Hamada, Michael S.; Howell, John; Skurikhin, Misha; Ticknor, Larry; Weaver, Brian


    Process monitoring (PM) for nuclear safeguards sometimes requires estimation of thresholds corresponding to small false alarm rates. Threshold estimation dates to the 1920s with the Shewhart control chart; however, because possible new roles for PM are being evaluated in nuclear safeguards, it is timely to consider modern model selection options in the context of threshold estimation. One of the possible new PM roles involves PM residuals, where a residual is defined as residual = data ? prediction. This paper reviews alarm threshold estimation, introduces model selection options, and considers a range of assumptions regarding the data-generating mechanism for PM residuals.more »Two PM examples from nuclear safeguards are included to motivate the need for alarm threshold estimation. The first example involves mixtures of probability distributions that arise in solution monitoring, which is a common type of PM. The second example involves periodic partial cleanout of in-process inventory, leading to challenging structure in the time series of PM residuals.« less

  9. Predictive modeling of pedestal structure in KSTAR using EPED model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Han, Hyunsun; Kim, J. Y. [National Fusion Research Institute, Daejeon 305-806 (Korea, Republic of)] [National Fusion Research Institute, Daejeon 305-806 (Korea, Republic of); Kwon, Ohjin [Department of Physics, Daegu University, Gyeongbuk 712-714 (Korea, Republic of)] [Department of Physics, Daegu University, Gyeongbuk 712-714 (Korea, Republic of)


    A predictive calculation is given for the structure of edge pedestal in the H-mode plasma of the KSTAR (Korea Superconducting Tokamak Advanced Research) device using the EPED model. Particularly, the dependence of pedestal width and height on various plasma parameters is studied in detail. The two codes, ELITE and HELENA, are utilized for the stability analysis of the peeling-ballooning and kinetic ballooning modes, respectively. Summarizing the main results, the pedestal slope and height have a strong dependence on plasma current, rapidly increasing with it, while the pedestal width is almost independent of it. The plasma density or collisionality gives initially a mild stabilization, increasing the pedestal slope and height, but above some threshold value its effect turns to a destabilization, reducing the pedestal width and height. Among several plasma shape parameters, the triangularity gives the most dominant effect, rapidly increasing the pedestal width and height, while the effect of elongation and squareness appears to be relatively weak. Implication of these edge results, particularly in relation to the global plasma performance, is discussed.

  10. Computational soundness for standard assumptions of formal cryptography

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Herzog, Jonathan, 1975-


    This implementation is conceptually simple, and relies only on general assumptions. Specifically, it can be thought of as a 'self-referential' variation on a well-known encryption scheme. 4. Lastly, we show how the ...

  11. A computer model to compare greenhouse structures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chiou, Jiun-Shian


    ). Woven polypropylene ground cover 0. 00068 (4). Sand (5). Others Structure (1). Connected even span house. material wood alone wood /w iron iron alone steel & alum. alum. alone Price (sq. ft. ) (2). Barrel vault house. material wood alone... wood /w iron iron alone steel & alum. alum. alone 1. 16 (3). Saran covered structure house material 26 wood alone wood /w iron iron alone steel & alum. alum. alone (4). Lath house. material wood alone Covering system (1). Polyethylene...

  12. External review of the thermal energy storage (TES) cogeneration study assumptions. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lai, B.Y.; Poirier, R.N. [Chicago Bridge and Iron Technical Services Co., Plainfield, IL (United States)


    This report is to provide a detailed review of the basic assumptions made in the design, sizing, performance, and economic models used in the thermal energy storage (TES)/cogeneration feasibility studies conducted by Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) staff. This report is the deliverable required under the contract.

  13. Iterative model-building, structure refinement, and density modification with the PHENIX AutoBuild Wizard

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Terwilliger, T. C.; Los Alamos National Laboratory, Mailstop M888, Los Alamos, NM 87545, USA; Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, One Cyclotron Road, Building 64R0121, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA; Department of Haematology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 0XY, England


    Iterative model-building, structure refinement, and densitytool for iterative model- building, structure refinement andusing RESOLVE or TEXTAL model- building, RESOLVE statistical

  14. On the Identification of Nonparametric Structural Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Judea Pearl


    Definitions and Notation Models, Graphs, and Theories Wedistribution PT(X) Definition 1 Each theory in M correspondsfollowing definition of identifiability: any two theories is

  15. Modeling of AAR affected structures using the GROW3D FEA program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Curtis, D.D. [Acres International Limited, Niagara Falls, Ontario (Canada)


    The objective of this paper is to present a rational and practical methodology for finite element stress analysis of AAR affected structures. The methodology is presented using case history studies which illustrate the practical application of the GROW3D program. GROW3D uses an anisotropic expansion strain function and concrete properties which simulates the following key characteristics of AAR affected concrete (1) concrete growth expansion rates dependent on the stress vectors at each point; (2) concrete growth rate variation due to changes in moisture content and temperature; and (3) time-dependent, enhanced creep behavior. GROW3D has been applied to several hydropower structures and case histories from the Mactaquac Generating Station are presented herein. Mactaquac is selected because extensive instrumentation data before and after remedial measures have been used to calibrate and test the model. The results of analyses of three different structures are given, i.e., the intake, diversion sluiceway and powerhouse. The analysis results are used to identify potential structural problems and the need and timing of remedial measures. The output from GROW3D includes displacement rates, total displacements, global stresses and local factors of safety. The local factors of safety (or strength to stress ratios) are computed for several modes of failure including crushing, cracking, shear and sliding on horizontal construction joints. The analysis results are compared with field measurements which are taken before and after slot cutting. The effects of including the above-mentioned characteristics and other modeling assumptions on the computed results is discussed herein. Finally, a brief discussion on the recent enhancements to the model is given. These enhancements include the implementation of a more rigorous treatment of concrete creep effects.

  16. Learning Structural Changes of Gaussian Graphical Models in Controlled Experiments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Bai


    Graphical models are widely used in scienti fic and engineering research to represent conditional independence structures between random variables. In many controlled experiments, environmental changes or external stimuli can often alter the conditional dependence between the random variables, and potentially produce significant structural changes in the corresponding graphical models. Therefore, it is of great importance to be able to detect such structural changes from data, so as to gain novel insights into where and how the structural changes take place and help the system adapt to the new environment. Here we report an effective learning strategy to extract structural changes in Gaussian graphical model using l1-regularization based convex optimization. We discuss the properties of the problem formulation and introduce an efficient implementation by the block coordinate descent algorithm. We demonstrate the principle of the approach on a numerical simulation experiment, and we then apply the algorithm to...

  17. Artificial Neural Networks and Hidden Markov Models for Predicting the Protein Structures: The Secondary Structure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 Artificial Neural Networks and Hidden Markov Models for Predicting the Protein Structures advice on the development of this project #12;2 Artificial Neural Networks and Hidden Markov Models learning methods: artificial neural networks (ANN) and hidden Markov models (HMM) (Rost 2002; Karplus et al

  18. A computer model to compare greenhouse structures 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chiou, Jiun-Shian


    lath fences. (c). welded wire fabric bench with steel, galvanized steel tubing, or wooden framework and supports. (d). Wooden step-bench. (e). Others. The price of each bench is listed in square foot units. 2. Ground cover: (a). Concrete. (b... (semi-iron), iron alone (steel), steel and aluminum (aluminum alloy), and aluminum. There are five different designs for connected houses: conventional even span houses, barrel vault houses, saran-covered structure houses, and lath houses (1). Most...

  19. Reduced Order Structural Modeling of Wind Turbine Blades

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jonnalagadda, Yellavenkatasunil


    Conventional three dimensional structural analysis methods prove to be expensive for the preliminary design of wind turbine blades. However, wind turbine blades are large slender members with complex cross sections. They can be accurately modeled...

  20. Computational and physical models of RNA structure Ralf Bundschuh

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bundschuh, Ralf

    Partition function Definition The partition function of an RNA molecule with energy function E[S] is given;Molten RNA Energy model Energetics in molten phase Definition In the molten phase of RNA every base can;Boltzmann partition function Secondary structure Definition of RNA secondary structure Definition An RNA

  1. On the Vacuum Structure of the 3-2 Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tomer Shacham


    The 3-2 model of dynamical supersymmetry breaking is revisited, with some incidentally new observations on the vacuum structure. Extra matter is then added, and the vacuum structure is further studied. The parametric dependence of the location of the vacuum provides a consistency check of Seiberg duality.

  2. Technical considerations related to interim source-term assumptions for emergency planning and equipment qualification. [PWR; BWR

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Niemczyk, S.J.; McDowell-Boyer, L.M.


    The source terms recommended in the current regulatory guidance for many considerations of light water reactor (LWR) accidents were developed a number of years ago when understandings of many of the phenomena pertinent to source term estimation were relatively primitive. The purpose of the work presented here was to develop more realistic source term assumptions which could be used for interim regulatory purposes for two specific considerations, namely, equipment qualification and emergency planning. The overall approach taken was to adopt assumptions and models previously proposed for various aspects of source term estimation and to modify those assumptions and models to reflect recently gained insights into, and data describing, the release and transport of radionuclides during and after LWR accidents. To obtain illustrative estimates of the magnitudes of the source terms, the results of previous calculations employing the adopted assumptions and models were utilized and were modified to account for the effects of the recent insights and data.

  3. Structure formation in modified gravity models alternative to dark energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kazuya Koyama


    We study structure formation in phenomenological models in which the Friedmann equation receives a correction of the form $H^{\\alpha}/r_c^{2-\\alpha}$, which realize an accelerated expansion without dark energy. In order to address structure formation in these model, we construct simple covariant gravitational equations which give the modified Friedmann equation with $\\alpha=2/n$ where $n$ is an integer. For $n=2$, the underlying theory is known as a 5D braneworld model (the DGP model). Thus the models interpolate between the DGP model ($n=2, \\alpha=1$) and the LCDM model in general relativity ($n \\to \\infty, \\alpha \\to 0$). Using the covariant equations, cosmological perturbations are analyzed. It is shown that in order to satisfy the Bianchi identity at a perturbative level, we need to introduce a correction term $E_{\\mu \

  4. Structure formation in modified gravity models alternative to dark energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koyama, K


    We study structure formation in phenomenological models in which the Friedmann equation receives a correction of the form $H^{\\alpha}/r_c^{2-\\alpha}$, which realize an accelerated expansion without dark energy. In order to address structure formation in these model, we construct simple covariant gravitational equations which give the modified Friedmann equation with $\\alpha=2/n$ where $n$ is an integer. For $n=2$, the underlying theory is known as a 5D braneworld model (the DGP model). Thus the models interpolate between the DGP model ($n=2, \\alpha=1$) and the LCDM model in general relativity ($n \\to \\infty, \\alpha \\to 0$). Using the covariant equations, cosmological perturbations are analyzed. It is shown that in order to satisfy the Bianchi identity at a perturbative level, we need to introduce a correction term $E_{\\mu \

  5. Alternatives to traditional model comparison strategies for covariance structure models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Preacher, K. J.; Cai, Li; MacCallum, R. C.


    involving an extension of recently introduced methods to nested model scenarios. Following our discussion of power, we further explore the potential value of adopting a model selection approach that avoids hypoth- a105 ?Chapter3?Preacher? ? 2007/2/12 ? 15... is literally true, there is an obvious logical problem in testing the null hypothesis that a model fits data perfectly in the population. Yet, this is precisely the hypothesis tested by the popular LR test of model a105 ?Chapter3?Preacher? ? 2007/2/12 ? 15...

  6. Model for heat-up of structures in VICTORIA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bixler, N.E.


    VICTORIA is a mechanistic computer code that treats fission product behavior in the reactor coolant system during a severe accident. During an accident, fission products that deposit on structural surfaces produce heat loads that can cause fission products to revaporize and possibly cause structures, such as a pipe, to fail. This mechanism had been lacking from the VICTORIA model. This report describes the structural heat-up model that has recently been implemented in the code. A sample problem shows that revaporization of fission products can occur as structures heat up due to radioactive decay. In the sample problem, the mass of deposited fission products reaches a maximum, then diminishes. Similarly, temperatures of the deposited film and adjoining structure reach a maximum, then diminish.

  7. A covariant model for the nucleon spin structure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ramalho, G


    We present the results of the covariant spectator quark model applied to the nucleon structure function $f(x)$ measured in unpolarized deep inelastic scattering, and the structure functions $g_1(x)$ and $g_2(x)$ measured in deep inelastic scattering using polarized beams and targets ($x$ is the Bjorken scaling variable). The nucleon is modeled by a valence quark-diquark structure with $S,P$ and $D$ components. The shape of the wave functions and the relative strength of each component are fixed by making fits to the deep inelastic scattering data for the structure functions $f(x)$ and $g_1(x)$. The model is then used to make predictions on the function $g_2(x)$ for the proton and neutron.

  8. Graph/Network Visualization Data model: graph structures (relations,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fang, Shiaofen

    of physics #12;8 The Spring Model Using springs to represent node-node relations. Minimizing energy1 1 Graph/Network Visualization Data model: graph structures (relations, knowledge) and networks hierarchies #12;7 Sugiyama : Building Hierarchy Domain knowledge based. Designing heuristic, e.g. minimizing

  9. CDS Calibration with tractable structural models under uncertain credit quality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brigo, Damiano

    CDS Calibration with tractable structural models under uncertain credit quality Damiano Brigo-varying volatility and characterized by high tractability. The models can be calibrated exactly to credit spreads to exact calibration of Parmalat Credit Default Swap (CDS) data during the months preceding default

  10. Fast Bootstrap for Model Structure Selection A. Lendasse, V. Wertz

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Verleysen, Michel

    Fast Bootstrap for Model Structure Selection A. Lendasse, V. Wertz Cesame, UCL, av. Georges Lema Introduction In this paper we propose an effective procedure to reduce the computation time of a bootstrap approximation of the gene- ralization error in a family of nonlinear regression models. The bootstrap [1


    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pantaleone, Jim

    context of Alaska oil production taxes, comparing MAPA and ACES to the original petroleum profits tax (PPT1 COMPARING ALASKA'S OIL PRODUCTION TAXES: INCENTIVES AND ASSUMPTIONS1 Matthew Berman In a recent analysis comparing the current oil production tax, More Alaska Production Act (MAPA, also known as SB 21

  12. Model for dynamic self-assembled magnetic surface structures.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Belkin, M.; Glatz, A.; Snezhko, A.; Aranson, I. S.; Materials Science Division; Northwestern Univ.


    We propose a first-principles model for the dynamic self-assembly of magnetic structures at a water-air interface reported in earlier experiments. The model is based on the Navier-Stokes equation for liquids in shallow water approximation coupled to Newton equations for interacting magnetic particles suspended at a water-air interface. The model reproduces most of the observed phenomenology, including spontaneous formation of magnetic snakelike structures, generation of large-scale vortex flows, complex ferromagnetic-antiferromagnetic ordering of the snake, and self-propulsion of bead-snake hybrids.

  13. Effects of internal gain assumptions in building energy calculations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Christensen, C.; Perkins, R.


    The utilization of direct solar gains in buildings can be affected by operating profiles, such as schedules for internal gains, thermostat controls, and ventilation rates. Building energy analysis methods use various assumptions about these profiles. The effects of typical internal gain assumptions in energy calculations are described. Heating and cooling loads from simulations using the DOE 2.1 computer code are compared for various internal-gain inputs: typical hourly profiles, constant average profiles, and zero gain profiles. Prototype single-family-detached and multi-family-attached residential units are studied with various levels of insulation and infiltration. Small detached commercial buildings and attached zones in large commercial buildings are studied with various levels of internal gains. The results of this study indicate that calculations of annual heating and cooling loads are sensitive to internal gains, but in most cases are relatively insensitive to hourly variations in internal gains.

  14. Notes 01. The fundamental assumptions and equations of lubrication theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    San Andres, Luis


    for unsteady or transient motions ? Journal angular speed (rad/s) NOTES 1. THE FUNDAMENTAL ASSUMPTIONS IN HYDRODYNAMIC LUBRICATION ? Dr. Luis San Andr?s (2009) 2 Fluid flow in a general physical domain is governed by the principles of: a) conservation... of the runner surface. For example, in journal bearings U * =?R J where ? is the journal angular speed in rad/s. Substitution of the dimensionless variables into the continuity equation (1) renders the following expression 0...

  15. Mechanical modeling of the growth of salt structures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Alfaro, R.A.M.


    A 2D numerical model for studying the morphology and history of salt structures by way of computer simulations is presented. The model is based on conservation laws for physical systems, a fluid marker equation to keep track of the salt/sediments interface, and two constitutive laws for rocksalt. When buoyancy alone is considered, the fluid-assisted diffusion model predicts evolution of salt structures 2.5 times faster than the power-law creep model. Both rheological laws predict strain rates of the order of 4.0 {times} 10{sup {minus}15}s{sup {minus}1} for similar structural maturity level of salt structures. Equivalent stresses and viscosities predicted by the fluid-assisted diffusion law are 10{sup 2} times smaller than those predicted by the power-law creep rheology. Use of East Texas Basin sedimentation rates and power-law creep rheology indicate that differential loading is an effective mechanism to induce perturbations that amplify and evolve to mature salt structures, similar to those observed under natural geological conditions.


    SciTech Connect (OSTI)



    We study the phase structure of the four-dimensional twisted Eguchi-Kawai model using numerical simulations. This model is an effective tool for studying SU(N) gauge theory in the large-N limit and provides a nonperturbative formulation of the gauge theory on noncommutative spaces. Recently it was found that its Z{sub n}{sup 4} symmetry, which is crucial for the validity of this model, can break spontaneously in the intermediate coupling region. We investigate in detail the symmetry breaking point from the weak coupling side. Our simulation results show that the continuum limit of this model cannot be taken.

  17. Modeling H2 adsorption in carbon-based structures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lamonte, Kevin Anthony


    MODELING H2 ADSORPTION IN CARBON-BASED STRUCTURES A Thesis by KEVIN ANTHONY LAMONTE Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 2008 Major... Subject: Chemical Engineering MODELING H2 ADSORPTION IN CARBON-BASED STRUCTURES A Thesis by KEVIN ANTHONY LAMONTE Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER...

  18. On the Calibration of a Size-Structured Population Model from Experimental Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jauffret, Marie Doumic

    (1.1). The total cell quantity N(t) = 0 n(t, x)dx and the total biomass M(t) = 0 xn(t, x] and references therein. Two macroscopic quantities of biological interest are naturally computed from the model(x)n(t, x)dx . This means that the biomass increases only by nutrient uptake. Under reasonable assumptions

  19. Model for Dynamic Self-Assembled Magnetic Surface Structures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Belkin; A. Glatz; A. Snezhko; I. S. Aranson


    We propose a first-principles model for self-assembled magnetic surface structures on the water-air interface reported in earlier experiments \\cite{snezhko2,snezhko4}. The model is based on the Navier-Stokes equation for liquids in shallow water approximation coupled to Newton equations for interacting magnetic particles suspended on the water-air interface. The model reproduces most of the observed phenomenology, including spontaneous formation of magnetic snake-like structures, generation of large-scale vortex flows, complex ferromagnetic-antiferromagnetic ordering of the snake, and self-propulsion of bead-snake hybrids. The model provides valuable insights into self-organization phenomena in a broad range of non-equilibrium magnetic and electrostatic systems with competing interactions.

  20. Modeling multi-stream flow in collisionless matter: approximations for large-scale structure beyond shell-crossing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas Buchert; Alvaro Dominguez


    The generally held view that a model of large-scale structure, formed by collisionless matter in the Universe, can be based on the matter model ``dust'' fails in the presence of multi-stream flow, i.e., velocity dispersion. We argue that models for large-scale structure should rather be constructed for a flow which describes the average motion of a multi-stream system. We present a clearcut reasoning how to approach the problem and derive an evolution equation for the mean peculiar-velocity relative to background solutions of Friedmann-Lema\\^\\i tre type. We consider restrictions of the nonlinear problem and show that the effect of velocity dispersion gives rise to an effective viscosity of non-dissipative gravitational origin. We discuss subcases which arise naturally from this approach: the ``sticky particle model'' and the ``adhesion approximation''. We also construct a novel approximation that features adhesive action in the multi-stream regime while conserving momentum, which was considered a drawback of the standard approximation based on Burger's equation. We finally argue that the assumptions made to obtain these models should be relaxed and we discuss how this can be achieved.

  1. Knowledge Structures and Didactic Model Selection in Learning Object Navigation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Knowledge Structures and Didactic Model Selection in Learning Object Navigation Dietrich Albert' of the content of the learning objects, and (2) a `didactic preference level' of the specific preferences constraints and the didactic constraints are available. 1 Introduction According to the SCORM (Shareable

  2. A lattice model to simulate ice-structure interaction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    A lattice model to simulate ice-structure interaction O. Dorival, A. V. Metrikine, A. Simone of Technology P. O. Box 5048, 2600 GA Delft, Netherlands Abstract The interaction between ice sheets, due to the complexity of ice material the use of small-scale experiments is problematic if one aims


    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sarabandi, Kamal

    MULTILEVEL FAST MULTIPOLE METHOD FOR MODELING PERMEABLE STRUCTURES USING CONFORMAL FINITE ELEMENTS #12;Copyright c Kubilay Sertel All Rights Reserved 2003 #12;ABSTRACT MULTILEVEL FAST MULTIPOLE METHOD fast multipole method for impen- etrable targets in the context of flat-triangular geometry

  4. Modeling emergent large-scale structures of barchan dune fields

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Claudin, Philippe

    that cannot be readily explained by examining the dynamics at the scale of single dunes, or by appealingModeling emergent large-scale structures of barchan dune fields S. Worman , A.B. Murray , R for a range of field-scale phenomena including isolated patches of dunes and heterogeneous arrangements

  5. Modelling the human rhesus proteins: implications for structure and function

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Merrick, Mike

    D and RhAG using the structure of the Escherichia coli ammonia channel AmtB as a template, together, slime moulds and marine sponges (Huang & Liu, 2001). Rh proteins show sequence homology to ammonium mechanism. The E. coli AmtB protein is a homotrimer and our models provoke a reassessment of the widely


    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pearce, Marcus T.

    THE CONSTRUCTION AND EVALUATION OF STATISTICAL MODELS OF MELODIC STRUCTURE IN MUSIC PERCEPTION and composition is to construct systems of symbolic rules and constraints on the basis of extensive music at the Royal College of Music who went out of their way to help me in recruiting judges for the experiments

  7. POSITION PAPER Modelling the Contribution Structure Underlying Requirements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Finkelstein, Anthony

    POSITION PAPER Modelling the Contribution Structure Underlying Requirements Orlena C. Z. Gotel, and hence trace, those who have contributed in the production and refinement of the requirements the restricted impact that conventional notions of RT can have on quality, and explain why extensions

  8. Models for Offender Target Location Selection with Explicit Dependency Structures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Leary, Michael

    Models for Offender Target Location Selection with Explicit Dependency Structures Mike O'Leary April 30 - May 1, 2012 O'Leary & Tucker (Towson University) Target Location Selection QMDNS 2012 1 / 54 in this study We thank Phil Canter from the Baltimore County Police Department for his assistance. O'Leary


    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ariza Moreno, Pilar

    SEMINARIOS INTERUNIVERSITARIOS MECÁNICA Y MATERIALES STRUCTURAL MODELING OF BIOSOLIDS UNDER FINITE the detailed structure of a biosolid in a material model. We focus on the micro- structure of arterial walls

  10. Verification of energy audit assumptions: Why engineering estimates go bad

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dent, C.L.; Swanson, D.B.; Koca, R.W.; Tibbetts, B.


    Often, local governments do not have the resources to fully assess and implement energy efficiency measures (EEMs) even though initial payback calculations are encouraging. To address this problem, the California Energy Commission (CEC) has been operating the Energy Partnership Program (EPP) to provide technical assistance and funding to local governments for energy efficiency projects in public buildings. A government agency interested in participating in the EPP begins the process by submitting an application which is then reviewed by the CEC for energy savings potential. Selected sites are visited by the CEC, after which they may be granted a full energy audit and recommendation study by an independent energy service company (ESCO). Also, in cases where the local government does not have the capital for new equipment purchases, the CEC can provide a loan to that government which can then be repaid through the reduced utility expenditures. Since industry experience has found that, on average, actual energy savings are only 60 - 70% of engineering estimates, the CEC hired Pacific Science & Technology (PS&T) to perform end-use metering and analysis to evaluate the accuracy of the energy audit. The CEC is not only interested in evaluating the total energy savings, but also improving the accuracy of future energy audits as well. To this end, Pacific Science & Technology is reviewing and evaluating all of the basic assumptions made by the auditor such as equipment power draws, operating schedules, fixture counts, etc. These basic assumptions are common building blocks used in energy use analysis. So, the goal of this project is to improve the audit assumptions and thereby improve the accuracy of future energy audits and EEM assessments.

  11. Assumptions and ambiguities in nonplanar acoustic soliton theory

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Verheest, Frank [Sterrenkundig Observatorium, Universiteit Gent, Krijgslaan 281, B–9000 Gent (Belgium) [Sterrenkundig Observatorium, Universiteit Gent, Krijgslaan 281, B–9000 Gent (Belgium); School of Chemistry and Physics, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban 4000 (South Africa); Hellberg, Manfred A. [School of Chemistry and Physics, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban 4000 (South Africa)] [School of Chemistry and Physics, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban 4000 (South Africa)


    There have been many recent theoretical investigations of the nonlinear evolution of electrostatic modes with cylindrical or spherical symmetry. Through a reductive perturbation analysis based on a quasiplanar stretching, a modified form of the Korteweg-de Vries or related equation is derived, containing an additional term which is linear in the electrostatic potential and singular at time t?=?0. Unfortunately, these analyses contain several restrictive assumptions and ambiguities which are normally neither properly explained nor discussed, and severely limit the applicability of the technique. Most glaring are the use of plane-wave stretchings, the assumption that shape-preserving cylindrical modes can exist and that, although time is homogeneous, the origin of time (which can be chosen arbitrarily) needs to be avoided. Hence, only in the domain where the nonlinear modes are quasiplanar, far from the axis of cylindrical or from the origin of spherical symmetry can acceptable but unexciting results be obtained. Nonplanar nonlinear modes are clearly an interesting topic of research, as some of these phenomena have been observed in experiments. However, it is argued that a proper study of such modes needs numerical simulations rather than ill-suited analytical approximations.

  12. Analytic Model of the Universal Structure of Turbulent Boundary Layers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Victor S. L'vov; Itamar Procaccia; Oleksii Rudenko


    Turbulent boundary layers exhibit a universal structure which nevertheless is rather complex, being composed of a viscous sub-layer, a buffer zone, and a turbulent log-law region. In this letter we present a simple analytic model of turbulent boundary layers which culminates in explicit formulae for the profiles of the mean velocity, the kinetic energy and the Reynolds stress as a function of the distance from the wall. The resulting profiles are in close quantitative agreement with measurements over the entire structure of the boundary layer, without any need of re-fitting in the different zones.

  13. Crystal Structure Representations for Machine Learning Models of Formation Energies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Faber, Felix; von Lilienfeld, O Anatole; Armiento, Rickard


    We introduce and evaluate a set of feature vector representations of crystal structures for machine learning (ML) models of formation energies of solids. ML models of atomization energies of organic molecules have been successful using a Coulomb matrix representation of the molecule. We consider three ways to generalize such representations to periodic systems: (i) a matrix where each element is related to the Ewald sum of the electrostatic interaction between two different atoms in the unit cell repeated over the lattice; (ii) an extended Coulomb-like matrix that takes into account a number of neighboring unit cells; and (iii) an Ansatz that mimics the periodicity and the basic features of the elements in the Ewald sum matrix by using a sine function of the crystal coordinates of the atoms. The representations are compared for a Laplacian kernel with Manhattan norm, trained to reproduce formation energies using a data set of 3938 crystal structures obtained from the Materials Project. For training sets consi...

  14. The case against scaling defect models of cosmic structure formation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andreas Albrecht; Richard A. Battye; James Robinson


    We calculate predictions from defect models of structure formation for both the matter and Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) over all observable scales. Our results point to a serious problem reconciling the observed large-scale galaxy distribution with the COBE normalization, a result which is robust for a wide range of defect parameters. We conclude that standard scaling defect models are in conflict with the data, and show how attempts to resolve the problem by considering non-scaling defects would require radical departures from the standard scaling picture.

  15. Fine-structure constant constraints on Bekenstein-type models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    P. M. M. Leal; C. J. A. P. Martins; L. B. Ventura


    Astrophysical tests of the stability of dimensionless fundamental couplings, such as the fine-structure constant $\\alpha$, are an area of much increased recent activity, following some indications of possible spacetime variations at the few parts per million level. Here we obtain updated constraints on the Bekenstein-Sandvik-Barrow-Magueijo model, which is arguably the simplest model allowing for $\\alpha$ variations. Recent accurate spectroscopic measurements allow us to improve previous constraints by about an order of magnitude. We briefly comment on the dependence of the results on the data sample, as well as on the improvements expected from future facilities.

  16. Structure formation and CMBR anisotropy spectrum in the inflessence model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. A. Sen; V. F. Cardone; S. Capozziello; A. Troisi


    The inflessence model has recently been proposed in an attempt to explain both early inflation and present day accelerated expansion within a single mechanism. The model has been successfully tested against the Hubble diagram of Type Ia Supernovae, the shift parameter, and the acoustic peak parameter. As a further mandatory test, we investigate here structure formation in the inflessence model determining the evolution of matter density contrast $\\delta \\equiv \\delta \\rho_M/\\rho_M$ in the linear regime. We compare the growth factor $D(a) \\equiv \\delta/a$ and the growth index $f(z) \\equiv d\\ln{\\delta}/d\\ln{a}$ to these same quantities for the successful concordance $\\Lambda$CDM model with a particular emphasis on the role of the inflessence parameters $(\\gamma, z_Q)$. We also evaluate the anisotropy spectrum of the cosmic microwave background radiation (CMBR) to check whether the inflessence model may be in agreement with the observations. We find that, for large values of $(\\gamma, z_Q)$, structure formation proceeds in a similar way to that in the $\\Lambda$CDM scenario, and it is also possible to nicely fit the CMBR spectrum.

  17. Reduced order modeling of fluid/structure interaction.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barone, Matthew Franklin; Kalashnikova, Irina; Segalman, Daniel Joseph; Brake, Matthew Robert


    This report describes work performed from October 2007 through September 2009 under the Sandia Laboratory Directed Research and Development project titled 'Reduced Order Modeling of Fluid/Structure Interaction.' This project addresses fundamental aspects of techniques for construction of predictive Reduced Order Models (ROMs). A ROM is defined as a model, derived from a sequence of high-fidelity simulations, that preserves the essential physics and predictive capability of the original simulations but at a much lower computational cost. Techniques are developed for construction of provably stable linear Galerkin projection ROMs for compressible fluid flow, including a method for enforcing boundary conditions that preserves numerical stability. A convergence proof and error estimates are given for this class of ROM, and the method is demonstrated on a series of model problems. A reduced order method, based on the method of quadratic components, for solving the von Karman nonlinear plate equations is developed and tested. This method is applied to the problem of nonlinear limit cycle oscillations encountered when the plate interacts with an adjacent supersonic flow. A stability-preserving method for coupling the linear fluid ROM with the structural dynamics model for the elastic plate is constructed and tested. Methods for constructing efficient ROMs for nonlinear fluid equations are developed and tested on a one-dimensional convection-diffusion-reaction equation. These methods are combined with a symmetrization approach to construct a ROM technique for application to the compressible Navier-Stokes equations.

  18. Structure formation in inhomogeneous Early Dark Energy models

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Batista, R.C. [Escola de Ciências e Tecnologia, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte, Caixa Postal 1524, 59072-970, Natal, Rio Grande do Norte (Brazil); Pace, F., E-mail:, E-mail: [Institute of Cosmology and Gravitation, University of Portsmouth, Dennis Sciama Building, Portsmouth, PO1 3FX (United Kingdom)


    We study the impact of Early Dark Energy fluctuations in the linear and non-linear regimes of structure formation. In these models the energy density of dark energy is non-negligible at high redshifts and the fluctuations in the dark energy component can have the same order of magnitude of dark matter fluctuations. Since two basic approximations usually taken in the standard scenario of quintessence models, that both dark energy density during the matter dominated period and dark energy fluctuations on small scales are negligible, are not valid in such models, we first study approximate analytical solutions for dark matter and dark energy perturbations in the linear regime. This study is helpful to find consistent initial conditions for the system of equations and to analytically understand the effects of Early Dark Energy and its fluctuations, which are also verified numerically. In the linear regime we compute the matter growth and variation of the gravitational potential associated with the Integrated Sachs-Wolf effect, showing that these observables present important modifications due to Early Dark Energy fluctuations, though making them more similar to the ?CDM model. We also make use of the Spherical Collapse model to study the influence of Early Dark Energy fluctuations in the nonlinear regime of structure formation, especially on ?{sub c} parameter, and their contribution to the halo mass, which we show can be of the order of 10%. We finally compute how the number density of halos is modified in comparison to the ?CDM model and address the problem of how to correct the mass function in order to take into account the contribution of clustered dark energy. We conclude that the inhomogeneous Early Dark Energy models are more similar to the ?CDM model than its homogeneous counterparts.

  19. Flavor structure in D-brane models: Majorana neutrino masses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yuta Hamada; Tatsuo Kobayashi; Shohei Uemura


    We study the flavor structure in intersecting D-brane models. We study anomalies of the discrete flavor symmetries. We analyze the Majorana neutrino masses, which can be generated by D-brane instanton effects. It is found that a certain pattern of mass matrix is obtained and the cyclic permutation symmetry remains unbroken. As a result, trimaximal mixing matrix can be realized if Dirac neutrino mass and charged lepton mass matrices are diagonal.

  20. Thermo-mechanical structural modelling of FRP composite sandwich panels exposed to fire

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ramroth, William T.


    CALIFORNIA, SAN DIEGO Thermo-mechanical Structural ModellingABSTRACT OF THE DISSERTATION Thermo-mechanical Structuralpolymer matrix), and thermo-mechanical (structural)

  1. Ultrafast Structural Dynamics in Combustion Relevant Model Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Weber, Peter M. [Brown University


    The research project explored the time resolved structural dynamics of important model reaction system using an array of novel methods that were developed specifically for this purpose. They include time resolved electron diffraction, time resolved relativistic electron diffraction, and time resolved Rydberg fingerprint spectroscopy. Toward the end of the funding period, we also developed time-resolved x-ray diffraction, which uses ultrafast x-ray pulses at LCLS. Those experiments are just now blossoming, as the funding period expired. In the following, the time resolved Rydberg Fingerprint Spectroscopy is discussed in some detail, as it has been a very productive method. The binding energy of an electron in a Rydberg state, that is, the energy difference between the Rydberg level and the ground state of the molecular ion, has been found to be a uniquely powerful tool to characterize the molecular structure. To rationalize the structure sensitivity we invoke a picture from electron diffraction: when it passes the molecular ion core, the Rydberg electron experiences a phase shift compared to an electron in a hydrogen atom. This phase shift requires an adjustment of the binding energy of the electron, which is measurable. As in electron diffraction, the phase shift depends on the molecular, geometrical structure, so that a measurement of the electron binding energy can be interpreted as a measurement of the molecule’s structure. Building on this insight, we have developed a structurally sensitive spectroscopy: the molecule is first elevated to the Rydberg state, and the binding energy is then measured using photoelectron spectroscopy. The molecule’s structure is read out as the binding energy spectrum. Since the photoionization can be done with ultrafast laser pulses, the technique is inherently capable of a time resolution in the femtosecond regime. For the purpose of identifying the structures of molecules during chemical reactions, and for the analysis of molecular species in the hot environments of combustion processes, there are several features that make the Rydberg ionization spectroscopy uniquely useful. First, the Rydberg electron’s orbit is quite large and covers the entire molecule for most molecular structures of combustion interest. Secondly, the ionization does not change vibrational quantum numbers, so that even complicated and large molecules can be observed with fairly well resolved spectra. In fact, the spectroscopy is blind to vibrational excitation of the molecule. This has the interesting consequence for the study of chemical dynamics, where the molecules are invariably very energetic, that the molecular structures are observed unobstructed by the vibrational congestion that dominates other spectroscopies. This implies also that, as a tool to probe the time-dependent structural dynamics of chemically interesting molecules, Rydberg spectroscopy may well be better suited than electron or x-ray diffraction. With recent progress in calculating Rydberg binding energy spectra, we are approaching the point where the method can be evolved into a structure determination method. To implement the Rydberg ionization spectroscopy we use a molecular beam based, time-resolved pump-probe multi-photon ionization/photoelectron scheme in which a first laser pulse excites the molecule to a Rydberg state, and a probe pulse ionizes the molecule. A time-of-flight detector measures the kinetic energy spectrum of the photoelectrons. The photoelectron spectrum directly provides the binding energy of the electron, and thereby reveals the molecule’s time-dependent structural fingerprint. Only the duration of the laser pulses limits the time resolution. With a new laser system, we have now reached time resolutions better than 100 fs, although very deep UV wavelengths (down to 190 nm) have slightly longer instrument functions. The structural dynamics of molecules in Rydberg-excited states is obtained by delaying the probe ionization photon from the pump photon; the structural dynamics of molecules in their ground state or e

  2. On the estimation of galaxy structural parameters: the Sersic Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ignacio Trujillo; Alister W. Graham; Nicola Caon


    This paper addresses some questions which have arisen from the use of the S\\'ersic r^{1/n} law in modelling the luminosity profiles of early type galaxies. The first issue deals with the trend between the half-light radius and the structural parameter n. We show that the correlation between these two parameters is not only real, but is a natural consequence from the previous relations found to exist between the model-independent parameters: total luminosity, effective radius and effective surface brightness. We also define a new galaxy concentration index which is largely independent of the image exposure depth, and monotonically related with n. The second question concerns the curious coincidence between the form of the Fundamental Plane and the coupling between _e and r_e when modelling a light profile. We explain, through a mathematical analysis of the S\\'ersic law, why the quantity r_e_e^{0.7} appears almost constant for an individual galaxy, regardless of the value of n (over a large range) adopted in the fit to the light profile. Consequently, Fundamental Planes of the form r_e_e^{0.7} propto sigma_0^x (for any x, and where sigma_0 is the central galaxy velocity dispersion) are insensitive to galaxy structure. Finally, we address the problematic issue of the use of model-dependent galaxy light profile parameters versus model-independent quantities for the half-light radii, mean surface brightness and total galaxy magnitude. The former implicitly assume that the light profile model can be extrapolated to infinity, while the latter quantities, in general, are derived from a signal-to-noise truncated profile. We quantify (mathematically) how these parameters change as one reduces the outer radius of an r^{1/n} profile, and reveal how these can vary substantially when n>4.

  3. Impact of Not Fully Addressing Cross-Classified Multilevel Structure in Testing Measurement Invariance and Conducting Multilevel Mixture Modeling within Structural Equation Modeling Framework

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Im, Myung


    data as hierarchical structure data in two different analytical settings under the structural equation modeling (SEM) framework. Study 1 evaluated the performance of conventional multilevel confirmatory factor analysis (MCFA) which assumes hierarchical...


    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Duffell, Paul C.; MacFadyen, Andrew I., E-mail:, E-mail: [Center for Cosmology and Particle Physics, New York University, NY (United States)


    We present a model for relativistic jets which generates a particular angular distribution of Lorentz factor and energy per solid angle. We consider a fireball with specific internal energy E/M launched with bulk Lorentz factor ? {sub B}. In its center-of-momentum frame the fireball expands isotropically, converting its internal energy into radially expanding flow with asymptotic Lorentz factor ?{sub 0} ? E/M. In the lab frame the flow is beamed, expanding with Lorentz factor ? = 2?{sub 0}? {sub B} in the direction of its initial bulk motion and with characteristic opening angle ?{sub 0} ? 1/? {sub B}. The flow is jet-like with ??{sub 0} ? 2?{sub 0} such that jets with ? > 1/?{sub 0} are naturally produced. The choice ?{sub 0} ? ? {sub B} ? 10 yields a jet with ? ? 200 on-axis and angular structure characterized by opening angle ?{sub 0} ? 0.1 of relevance for cosmological gamma-ray bursts (GRBs), while ? {sub B} ?> 1 may be relevant for low-luminosity GRBs. The model produces a family of outflows, of relevance for different relativistic phenomena with structures completely determined by ?{sub 0} and ? {sub B}. We calculate the energy per unit solid angle for the model and use it to compute light curves for comparison with the widely used top-hat model. The jet break in the boosted fireball light curve is greatly subdued when compared to the top-hat model because the edge of the jet is smoother than for a top-hat. This may explain missing jet breaks in afterglow light curves.

  5. Forest and Agricultural Sector Optimization Model (FASOM): Model structure and policy applications. Forest Service research paper

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Adams, D.M.; Alig, R.J.; Callaway, J.M.; McCarl, B.A.; Winnett, S.M.


    The Forest and Agricultural Sector Opimization Model (FASOM) is a dynamic, nonlinear programming model of the forest and agricultural sectors in the United States. The FASOM model initially was developed to evaluate welfare and market impacts of alternative policies for sequestering carbon in trees but also has been applied to a wider range of forest and agricultural sector policy scenarios. The authors describe the model structure and give selected examples of policy applications. A summary of the data sources, input data file format, and the methods used to develop the input data files also are provided.

  6. A detail study of defect models for cosmic structure formation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Albrecht; R. A. Battye; J. Robinson


    We calculate predictions from wide class of `active' models of cosmic structure formation which allows us to scan the space of possible defect models. We calculate the linear cold dark matter power spectrum and Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) anisotropies over all observable scales using a full linear Einstein-Boltzmann code. Our main result, which has already been reported, points to a serious problem reconciling the observed amplitude of the large-scale galaxy distribution with the COBE normalization. Here, we describe our methods and results in detail. The problem is present for a wide range of defect parameters, which can be used to represent potential differences among defect models, as well as possible systematic numerical errors. We explicitly examine the impact of varying the defect model parameters and we show how the results substantiate these conclusions. The standard scaling defect models are in serious conflict with the current data, and we show how attempts to resolve the problem by considering non-scaling defects or modified stress-energy components would require radical departures from what has become the standard picture.


    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    FLUID FLOW MODELING OF RESIN TRANSFER MOLDING FOR COMPOSITE MATERIAL WIND TURBINE BLADE STRUCTURES.............................................................................................................7 Composite Materials...................................................................................................7 Material Properties

  8. Modeling level structures of odd-odd deformed nuclei

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hoff, R.W.; Kern, J.; Piepenbring, R.; Boisson, J.P.


    A technique for modeling quasiparticle excitation energies and rotational parameters in odd-odd deformed nuclei has been applied to actinide species where new experimental data have been obtained by use of neutron-capture gamma-ray spectroscopy. The input parameters required for the calculation were derived from empirical data on single-particle excitations in neighboring odd-mass nuclei. Calculated configuration-specific values for the Gallagher-Moszkowski splittings were used. Calculated and experimental level structures for /sup 238/Np, /sup 244/Am, and /sup 250/Bk are compared, as well as those for several nuclei in the rare-earth region. The agreement for the actinide species is excellent, with bandhead energies deviating 22 keV and rotational parameters 5%, on the average. Corresponding average deviations for five rare-earth nuclei are 47 keV and 7%. Several applications of this modeling technique are discussed. 18 refs., 5 figs., 4 tabs.

  9. A Stochastic Age-Structured Population Model of Striped Bass (Morone saxatilis) in the Potomac River'

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cohen, Joel E.

    -structured population model of striped bass (Morone saatilis) in the Potomac River. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 40A Stochastic Age-Structured Population Model of Striped Bass (Morone saxatilis) in the Potomac. CHRISTENSEN.AND C. P. GOODYEAR.1983. A stochastic age-structured population model of striped bass (Morone sn

  10. Assumptions and Strategies for Conducting Research with Learning Disabled Adolescents and Young Adults

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meyen, Edward L.; Schiefelbusch, Richard L.; Deshler, Donald D.; Alley, Gordon R.; Moran, Mary Ross; Clark, Frances L.


    This paper details the assumptions about learning disabled adolescents and young adults as well as assumptions about conducting research with this population held by researchers at the Kansas Institute. Strategies developed ...

  11. Comparing Model-based and Design-based Structural Equation Modeling Approaches in Analyzing Complex Survey Data 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Jiun-Yu


    Conventional statistical methods assuming data sampled under simple random sampling are inadequate for use on complex survey data with a multilevel structure and non-independent observations. In structural equation modeling ...


    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crassidis, John L.

    the validity of neglecting the relative effect of the gravitational force of the Earth on a for- mation and all control laws are designed using a linear model that neglects this effect. A previously designed and the full nonlinear model that includes the gravitational force. All tests are carried out in the presence

  13. Joint Learning of Modular Structures from Multiple Data Types

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pratt, Vaughan

    -fitting, imposing structural assumptions may be required. We propose an extended model inspired by module networks in gene regulatory networks) and relational data among objects (e.g. protein-DNA interactions and practical significance of the model and developed a reversible-jump MCMC learning procedure for learning

  14. PSMG–A Parallel Structured Model Generator for Mathematical ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]


    elling and generating large scale nested structured problems, including .... statements to describe repeated common structures that build up the full problem.

  15. Computer-Aided Civil and Infrastructure Engineering 21 (2006) 242257 Structural Model Updating and Health Monitoring

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heaton, Thomas H.


    practical for health monitoring of real structures. The approach also inherits the advantages of Bayesian in structural health monitoring (Natke and Yao, 1988; Hjelmstad and Shin, 1997; Lam et al., 1998; Beck et al of structural health monitoring, linear struc- tural models are often used for model updating (Vanik et al

  16. Fluid transport in branched structures with temporary closures: A model for quasistatic lung inflation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alencar, Adriano Mesquita

    Fluid transport in branched structures with temporary closures: A model for quasistatic lung a model system relevant to the inflation of a mammalian lung, an asymmetric bifurcating structure description of the underlying branching structure of the lung, by analyzing experimental pressure-volume data

  17. A Model for Structure and Thermodynamics of ssDNA and dsDNA Near...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Structure and Thermodynamics of ssDNA and dsDNA Near a Surface:A Coarse Grained Approach. A Model for Structure and Thermodynamics of ssDNA and dsDNA Near a Surface:A Coarse...

  18. Performance Assessment of Different Control Structures for Generic Reactive Distillation Using Linear and Nonlinear Process Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Arfaj, Muhammad A.

    compares the closed-loop performance of three control structures using an approximate linear model. Responses based on the linear model for various control structures show a good agreement when compared of the linear model is shown to be better in a single-end control system than in a dual-end control system

  19. Pictures: A simple structured graphics model Sigbjorn Finne and Simon Peyton Jones,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, Simon Peyton

    Pictures: A simple structured graphics model Sigbjorn Finne and Simon Peyton Jones, Department­independent model for de­ scribing two­dimensional graphics using a functional language. Graphical scenes the geometric composition of arbitrary pictures. The structured graphics model presented has been implemented

  20. SEMANTIC STRUCTURED LANGUAGE MODELS Hakan Erdogan, Ruhi Sarikaya, Yuqing Gao and Michael Picheny

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Erdogan, Hakan

    SEMANTIC STRUCTURED LANGUAGE MODELS Hakan Erdogan, Ruhi Sarikaya, Yuqing Gao and Michael Picheny,sarikaya,yuqing,picheny} ABSTRACT In this study, we propose two novel semantic language model- ing techniques for spoken dialog systems. These methods are called semantic concept based language modeling and seman- tic structured


    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sanandaji, Borhan M.

    CONTROL-ORIENTED MODELING OF A SOLID-OXIDE FUEL CELL STACK USING AN LPV MODEL STRUCTURE Borhan M dynamic model of a solid oxide fuel cell stack. Using a detailed physical model as a starting point, we (usually air) on the cathode side. Solid-oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) utilize a ceramic oxygen-ion conducting

  2. Modeling Structural Changes in Market Demand and Supply

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Park, Beom Su


    Economic events may cause structural changes in markets. To know the effect of the economic event we should analyze the structural changes in the market demand and supply. The purpose of this dissertation is to analyze the effect of selected...


    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gales, Mark

    conditional random fields (SCRF) [1], assume a word-level structure. The use of multiple feature streams

  4. A spatially structured metapopulation model with patch dynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]


    Sep 30, 2005 ... creation) and metapopulation dynamics (patch colonization and extinction). ... genetic structure (Gaines and Lyons, 1997), and commu-.

  5. Microscale and mesoscale discrete models for dynamic fracture of structures built of brittle material

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Microscale and mesoscale discrete models for dynamic fracture of structures built of brittle are derived either at microscale with random distribution of material properties or at a mesoscale

  6. Modeling Elasto-Plastic Behavior of Polycrystalline Grain Structure of Steels at Mesoscopic Level

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cizelj, Leon

    Modeling Elasto-Plastic Behavior of Polycrystalline Grain Structure of Steels at Mesoscopic Level. The constitutive model of crystal grains utilizes anisotropic elasticity and crystal plasticity. Commercially be considered macroscopically homogeneous. Elastic and rate independent plastic deformation modes are considered

  7. A Hidden Markov Chain Model for the Term Structure of Bond Credit Risk Spreads 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, L; Allen, David E; Morkel-Kingsbury, N


    This paper provides a Markov chain model for the term structure and credit risk spreads of bond processes. It allows dependency between the stochastic process modeling the interest rate and the Markov chain process describing ...

  8. On a tensor-based finite element model for the analysis of shell structures 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arciniega Aleman, Roman Augusto


    In the present study, we propose a computational model for the linear and nonlinear analysis of shell structures. We consider a tensor-based finite element formulation which describes the mathematical shell model in a ...

  9. A comparison of structural and non-structural econometric models in the Toronto office market

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gole, Kimberly


    This thesis aims to compare five systems of econometric equations to describe the Toronto office market. It compares four structural systems differing in their demand equations and a non-structural system that does not ...

  10. Lifting Rationality Assumptions in Binary Aggregation Umberto Grandi and Ulle Endriss

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Endriss, Ulle

    Lifting Rationality Assumptions in Binary Aggregation Umberto Grandi and Ulle Endriss Institute aggregation procedure will lift the rationality assumptions from the in- dividual to the collective level, i an axiomatic characterisation of the class of aggregation proce- dures that will lift all rationality

  11. Dynamics of an age-structured metapopulation model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]


    address the temporal dynamics that characterize local popu- lations in ... this metapopulation framework, two structures have emerged as being critical in the ...

  12. A new scenario framework for climate change research: The concept of Shared Climate Policy Assumptions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kriegler, Elmar; Edmonds, James A.; Hallegatte, Stephane; Ebi, Kristie L.; Kram, Tom; Riahi, Keywan; Winkler, Harald; Van Vuuren, Detlef


    The paper presents the concept of shared climate policy assumptions as an important element of the new scenario framework. Shared climate policy assumptions capture key climate policy dimensions such as the type and scale of mitigation and adaptation measures. They are not specified in the socio-economic reference pathways, and therefore introduce an important third dimension to the scenario matrix architecture. Climate policy assumptions will have to be made in any climate policy scenario, and can have a significant impact on the scenario description. We conclude that a meaningful set of shared climate policy assumptions is useful for grouping individual climate policy analyses and facilitating their comparison. Shared climate policy assumptions should be designed to be policy relevant, and as a set to be broad enough to allow a comprehensive exploration of the climate change scenario space.

  13. Structural health monitoring with piezoelectric wafer active sensors predictive modeling and simulation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Giurgiutiu, Victor

    Structural health monitoring with piezoelectric wafer active sensors ­ predictive modeling of the state of the art in structural health monitoring with piezoelectric wafer active sensors and follows with conclusions and suggestions for further work Key Words: structural health monitoring, SHM, nondestructive


    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    FINITE ELEMENT MODEL-BASED STRUCTURAL HEALTH MONITORING (SHM) SYSTEMS FOR COMPOSITE MATERIAL UNDER). To design a Structural Health Monitoring (SHM) system, it is important to understand phenomenologically Workshop on Structural Health Monitoring July 8-11, 2014. La Cité, Nantes, France Copyright © Inria (2014


    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Page 1 MODELLING OF CONCRETE STRUCTURES AFFECTED BY INTERNAL SWELLING REACTIONS: COUPLINGS BETWEEN of the affected concrete that generally leads to cracking and decrease of its mechanical properties of the concrete works and structural integrity. To manage with considered suffering structures, it is necessary

  16. Ultrafast Structural Dynamics Inside Planar Phospholipid Multibilayer Model Cell Membranes Measured with 2D IR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fayer, Michael D.

    Ultrafast Structural Dynamics Inside Planar Phospholipid Multibilayer Model Cell Membranes Measured diffusion caused by the structural dynamics of the membrane from 200 fs to 200 ps as a function structure and an abrupt change in dynamics at 35% cholesterol. The dynamics are independent of cholesterol

  17. AIP/123-QED Fuzzy structure theory modeling of sound-insulation layers in complex

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    AIP/123-QED Fuzzy structure theory modeling of sound-insulation layers in complex vibroacoustic France (Dated: September 11, 2008) Fuzzy structure theory for sound-insulation layers 1 hal-00684495 is proposed in developing an elas- toacoustic element useful to model sound-insulation layers for compu

  18. Methods Mol Biol . Author manuscript 3D structural models of transmembrane proteins

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    proteins is a major research area. Due to the lack of available 3D structures, automatic homology modelingMethods Mol Biol . Author manuscript Page /1 9 3D structural models of transmembrane proteins: Alexandre De Brevern Abstract Summary Transmembrane proteins

  19. Integer Programming Model for Automated Structure-based NMR Richard Jang , Xin Gao , and Ming Li

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waterloo, University of

    Integer Programming Model for Automated Structure-based NMR Assignment Richard Jang , Xin Gao. The core of the solution is a novel integer linear programming model, which is a general framework for many N2L 6P7 Technical Report CS-2009-32 Abstract. We introduce the "Automated Structure-based Assignment

  20. A structural risk-neutral model for pricing and hedging power derivatives

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nicolas Langrené§ October 12, 2010 Abstract We develop a structural risk-neutral model for energy market makes such a market incomplete. We follow a local risk minimization approach to price and hedge energyA structural risk-neutral model for pricing and hedging power derivatives René Aïd Luciano Campi

  1. Modeling the structure of coal water slurry (CWS) sprays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Prithiviraj, Manikandan


    This thesis describes a model of coal water slurry (CWS) sprays and presents new experimental data for CWS viscosities. The model is based on the aerodynamic theory of spray atomization which has been successfully used for Diesel sprays. However...

  2. Appropriate technology for planning hydroelectric power projects in Nepal: the need for assumption analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chandler, C.G.


    The study focuses on the project development process for hydroelectric project planning in Nepal. Chapter I describes the contrast between the vast potential for hydroelectric power development in Nepal and the current energy shortage within the country, not only for electricity, but for firewood and other fuel sources as well. Chapter II explores some of the unknown factors facing hydropower project planners in Nepal, where data for hydrologic, geologic, environmental, and sociological project components are lacking. The chapter also examines institutional and fiscal factors which constrain the planning process. Chapter III describes the critical role of assumptions in the project development process, and details the stages that a project goes through as it is planned. The chapter introduces the concept of assumption analysis as a technique for project planning, listing the potential conflict between the assumptions of foreign consultants and the host-country users of project outputs as an ingredient in the project's success or failure. Chapter IV demonstrates the mechanics and usefulness of assumption analysis through an Assumption Analysis Chart, which shows the interaction among project objectives, project alternatives, project assumptions, and the project development process. Assumption analysis techniques are expected to be useful among bilateral and multilateral aid donors servicing less developed countries.

  3. Modeling and identification of parallel nonlinear systems: Structural classification and parameter estimation methods

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chen, H.W. (Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States). Biophysics Group M715)


    Structural classification and parameter estimation (SCPE) methods are used for studying single-input single-output (SISO) parallel linear-nonlinear-linear (LNL), linear-nonlinear (LN), and nonlinear-linear (NL) system models from input-output (I-O) measurements. The uniqueness of the I-O mappings (see the definition of the I-O mapping in Section 3-A) of some model structures is discussed. The uniqueness of the I-O mappings (see the definition of the I-O mapping in Section 3-A) of some model structures is discussed. The uniqueness of I-O mappings of different models tells them in what conditions different model structures can be differentiated from one another. Parameter uniqueness of the I-O mapping of a given structural model is also discussed, which tells the authors in what conditions a given model's parameters can be uniquely estimated from I-O measurements. These methods are then generalized so that they can be used to study single-input multi-output (SIMO), multi-input single-output (MISO), as well as multi-input multi-output (MIMO) nonlinear system models. Parameter estimation of the two-input single-output nonlinear system model (denoted as the 2f-structure in 2 cited references), which was left unsolved previously, can now be obtained using the newly derived algorithms. Applications of SCPE methods for modeling visual cortical neurons, system fault detection, modeling and identification of communication networks, biological systems, and natural and artificial neural networks are also discussed. The feasibility of these methods is demonstrated using simulated examples. SCPE methods presented in this paper can be further developed to study more complicated block-structures models, and will therefore have future potential for modeling and identifying highly complex multi-input multi-output nonlinear systems.

  4. Optimization Online - PSMG-A Parallel Structured Model Generator ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Feng Qiang


    Oct 10, 2014 ... As far as we are aware, PSMG is the first processor for an algebraic modelling language that is capable of generating the problem in parallel.

  5. A Non-Parametric Structural Hybrid Modeling Approach for ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]


    May 5, 2014 ... themselves to a particular parametric form. Keywords: Electricity market; Electricity price modeling; Energy trading; Supply stack. 1. Introduction.

  6. Experimentally validated finite element model of electrocaloric multilayer ceramic structures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Smith, N. A. S., E-mail:, E-mail:, E-mail:; Correia, T. M., E-mail:, E-mail:, E-mail: [National Physical Laboratory, Hampton Road, TW11 0LW Middlesex (United Kingdom); Rokosz, M. K., E-mail:, E-mail:, E-mail: [National Physical Laboratory, Hampton Road, TW11 0LW Middlesex (United Kingdom); Department of Materials, Imperial College London, London SW7 2AZ (United Kingdom)


    A novel finite element model to simulate the electrocaloric response of a multilayer ceramic capacitor (MLCC) under real environment and operational conditions has been developed. The two-dimensional transient conductive heat transfer model presented includes the electrocaloric effect as a source term, as well as accounting for radiative and convective effects. The model has been validated with experimental data obtained from the direct imaging of MLCC transient temperature variation under application of an electric field. The good agreement between simulated and experimental data, suggests that the novel experimental direct measurement methodology and the finite element model could be used to support the design of optimised electrocaloric units and operating conditions.

  7. Interactive physically-based structural modeling of hydrocarbon systems Mael Bosson a,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Redon, Stephane - NRIA Grenoble

    using scripts and/or modeling tools. For many systems, however, these building methods may models of hydrocarbon systems. As the user edits the geometry of the system, atomic positions are alsoInteractive physically-based structural modeling of hydrocarbon systems Mael Bosson a, , Sergei

  8. Identification of a sound-insulation layer modelled by fuzzy structure theory -Experimental validation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Identification of a sound-insulation layer modelled by fuzzy structure theory - Abstract One proposes a novel approach to model sound-insulation layers based on the use of the fuzzy in computational models. The keypoint of the method is the construction of a mean elastoacoustic sound-insulation

  9. Sound-insulation layers low-frequency modeling, using the fuzzy structure theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    09NVC-0163 Sound-insulation layers low-frequency modeling, using the fuzzy structure theory Laurent [20,200] Hz, sound-insulation layer modeling remains a critical topic. Recent work allows- insulation layer. Nevertheless, such an approach requires a FE model of sound-insulation layer, which may

  10. Non-chiral fusion rules, structure constants of D_m minimal models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Rida; T. Sami


    We present a technique to construct, for $D_{m}$ unitary minimal models, the non-chiral fusion rules which determines the operator content of the operator product algebra. Using these rules we solve the bootstrap equations and therefore determine the structure constants of these models. Through this approach we emphasize the role played by some discrete symmetries in the classification of minimal models.

  11. Anisotropic damage modelling of biaxial behaviour and rupture of concrete structures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Anisotropic damage modelling of biaxial behaviour and rupture of concrete structures Ragueneau F with damage induced anisotropy modelling for concrete-like materials. A thermodynamics based constitutive relationship is presented coupling anisotropic damage and elasticity. The biaxial behaviour of such a model

  12. Key to images: [1] Model system: fission yeast [2] Cryo-EM structure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brierley, Andrew

    Key to images: [1] Model system: fission yeast [2] Cryo-EM structure of the MCM helicase [3 combing [8] Model system: Xenopus [9] Extreme environments [10] Model system: C.elegans. Background image of the evolution of the replication machinery highlighted. BSRC B306 Email: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

  13. Relation Between Structure, Function, and Imaging in a Three-Dimensional Model of the Lung

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lutchen, Kenneth

    Relation Between Structure, Function, and Imaging in a Three-Dimensional Model of the Lung NORA T morphometric mod- els to predict function relations in the lung. These models, however, are not anatomically explicit. We have advanced a three-dimensional airway tree model to relate dynamic lung function

  14. Behavioral Assumptions Underlying California Residential Sector Energy Efficiency Programs (2009 CIEE Report)

    Broader source: [DOE]

    This paper examines the behavioral assumptions that underlie California’s residential sector energy efficiency programs and recommends improvements that will help to advance the state’s ambitious greenhouse gas reduction goals.

  15. Sixth Northwest Conservation and Electric Power Plan Chapter 2: Key Assumptions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    at zero and increase to $47 per ton of CO2 emissions by 2030. Higher electricity prices reduce demandSixth Northwest Conservation and Electric Power Plan Chapter 2: Key Assumptions Summary of Key................................................................ 10 Wholesale Electricity Prices

  16. WVU Regional Research Institute grad assistant wins national award for throwing assumptions out the window

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohaghegh, Shahab

    WVU Regional Research Institute grad assistant wins national award for throwing assumptions out the window Silicon Valley conjures images of leading edge technology. Las Vegas makes one think of gambling

  17. A survey of air flow models for multizone structures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Feustel, H.E.; Dieris, J.


    Air flow models are used to simulate the rates of incoming and outgoing air flows for a building with known leakage under given weather and shielding conditions. Additional information about the flow paths and air-mass flows inside the building can only by using multizone air flow models. In order to obtain more information on multizone air flow models, a literature review was performed in 1984. A second literature review and a questionnaire survey performed in 1989, revealed the existence of 50 multizone air flow models, all developed since 1966, two of which are still under development. All these programs use similar flow equations for crack flow but differ in the versatility to describe the full range of flow phenomena and the algorithm provided for solving the set of nonlinear equations. This literature review was found that newer models are able to describe and simulate the ventilation systems and interrelation of mechanical and natural ventilation. 27 refs., 2 figs., 1 tab.

  18. NGNP: High Temperature Gas-Cooled Reactor Key Definitions, Plant Capabilities, and Assumptions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wayne Moe


    This document provides key definitions, plant capabilities, and inputs and assumptions related to the Next Generation Nuclear Plant to be used in ongoing efforts related to the licensing and deployment of a high temperature gas-cooled reactor. These definitions, capabilities, and assumptions were extracted from a number of NGNP Project sources such as licensing related white papers, previously issued requirement documents, and preapplication interactions with the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC).

  19. Bachelor Thesis Modeling the interface of oxide hetero-structures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pfeifer, Holger

    composition at the SrTiO3-YBa2Cu2O7- La0.67Ca0.33MnO3 (Superconductor-Ferromagnet ) and LaSrAlO4-LaNiO3-LaAlO3 structures have been shown to have interesting properties including magnetism, superconductivity, metal

  20. Hydrogen Deployment System Modeling Environment (HyDS ME) Documentation: Milestone Report FY 2006

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Parks. K.


    This report introduces the Hydrogen Deployment System Modeling Environment model, assumptions, and basic operations.

  1. Computational tools for modeling and measuring chromosome structure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ross, Brian Christopher


    DNA conformation within cells has many important biological implications, but there are challenges both in modeling DNA due to the need for specialized techniques, and experimentally since tracing out in vivo conformations ...

  2. Engineering change modelling using a function-behaviour-structure scheme

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamraz, Bahram


    an FBS Linkage model is demonstrated. The method’s potential benefits are discussed. Finally, the application of the method to two industrial case studies involving a diesel engine and a scanning electron microscope is presented. The method evaluation...

  3. Numerical and physical modeling of hydraulic structures Hydraulic structures are used to control the flow of water in hydropower developments, urban

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barthelat, Francois

    Numerical and physical modeling of hydraulic structures Hydraulic structures are used to control, their solution is found either by physical hydraulic modeling or, more recently, by numerical modeling significantly reduce turbine efficiency and cause premature mechanical failure when they occur at hydropower

  4. Wave Models for Offshore Wind Turbines Puneet Agarwal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Manuel, Lance

    Wave Models for Offshore Wind Turbines Puneet Agarwal§ and Lance Manuely Department of Civil. These wave modeling assumptions do not adequately represent waves in shallow waters where most offshore wind for estimating loads on the support structure (monopile) of an offshore wind turbine. We use a 5MW utility

  5. Essays on empirical time series modeling with causality and structural change 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Jin Woong


    In this dissertation, three related issues of building empirical time series models for financial markets are investigated with respect to contemporaneous causality, dynamics, and structural change. In the first essay, nation-wide industry...

  6. Green Water Flow Kinematics and Impact Pressure on a Three Dimensional Model Structure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ariyarathne, Hanchapola Appuhamilage Kusalika Suranjani


    Flow kinematics of green water due to plunging breaking waves interacting with a simplified, three-dimensional model structure was investigated in laboratory. Two breaking wave conditions were tested: one with waves impinging and breaking...

  7. 1Banff 6/06 Structural Break Detection in Time Series ModelsStructural Break Detection in Time Series Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    breaks in this series? #12;5Banff 6/06 Introduction Examples AR GARCH Stochastic volatility State space Simulation results Applications Simulation results for GARCH and SV models #12;6Banff 6/06 Examples 1 ),,( 1 jjpj K #12;7Banff 6/06 Examples (cont) 2. Segmented GARCH model: where 0 = 1

  8. 1NCAR-IMAGe 2006 Structural Break Detection in Time Series ModelsStructural Break Detection in Time Series Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -202 Any breaks in this series? #12;5NCAR-IMAGe 2006 Introduction Examples AR GARCH Stochastic volatility break estimation Simulation results Applications Simulation results for GARCH and SV models #12;6NCAR-tjptjptjjt tYYY jj GARCH model

  9. Automated Eukaryotic Gene Structure Annotation Using EVidenceModeler and the Program to Assemble Spliced Alignments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Haas, B J; Salzberg, S L; Zhu, W; Pertea, M; Allen, J E; Orvis, J; White, O; Buell, C R; Wortman, J R


    EVidenceModeler (EVM) is presented as an automated eukaryotic gene structure annotation tool that reports eukaryotic gene structures as a weighted consensus of all available evidence. EVM, when combined with the Program to Assemble Spliced Alignments (PASA), yields a comprehensive, configurable annotation system that predicts protein-coding genes and alternatively spliced isoforms. Our experiments on both rice and human genome sequences demonstrate that EVM produces automated gene structure annotation approaching the quality of manual curation.

  10. A Dimensionless Model for Predicting the Mass-Transfer Area of Structured Packing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eldridge, R. Bruce

    area Introduction Packing is commonly used in absorption and distillation columns to promote efficient structured packings was measured in a 0.427 m ID column via absorption of CO2 from air into 0.1 kmol/m3 Na structured packing area model is especially critical for the analysis and design of these processes. Wang et


    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    MODELING AND ANALYSIS OF THE DYNAMICS OF DRY-FRICTION-DAMPED STRUCTURAL SYSTEMS by Olivier J . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 1.2.1 Nonlinear methods for the analysis of friction-damped systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 II. HYBRID FREQUENCY-TIME DOMAIN METHODS FOR THE ANALYSIS OF COMPLEX STRUCTURAL SYSTEMS WITH DRY


    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    depth of 50 m. Bigger size wind turbines are now designed in order to produce more electrical power thanCOMMENTS ON STRUCTURAL CONDITION ANALYSIS BASED ON STRAIN MEASUREMENTS ON TRIPOD MODEL S. Opoka1, M strain can be valuable indicator of such changes. KEYWORDS : offshore support structure, wind turbine

  13. Merchant Commodity Storage and Term Structure Model Error Nicola Secomandi,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sadeh, Norman M.

    the futures term structure affect the valuation and hedging of natural gas storage. We find that even small impact on storage valuation and hedging. In particular, theoretically equivalent hedging strategies haveMerchant Commodity Storage and Term Structure Model Error Nicola Secomandi,1 Guoming Lai,2 Fran

  14. Prediction Intervals for NAR Model Structures Using a Bootstrap De Brabanter J.,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Prediction Intervals for NAR Model Structures Using a Bootstrap Method De Brabanter J structure. Our approach relies on the external bootstrap procedure [1]. This method is contrasted. In this paper, an external bootstrap method will be proposed for this purpose. The bootstrap is a computer


    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    DAMAGE DETECTION BASED ON STRUCTURAL RESPONSE TO TEMPERATURE CHANGES AND MODEL UPDATING Marian The paper proposes use of measured structural response to temperature loads for purposes of damage identification. As opposed to the most common approaches, which rely on suppressing temperature effects in damage

  16. Reviewing progress in PJM's capacity market structure via the new reliability pricing model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sener, Adil Caner; Kimball, Stefan


    The Reliability Pricing Model introduces significant changes to the capacity market structure of PJM. The main feature of the RPM design is a downward-sloping demand curve, which replaces the highly volatile vertical demand curve. The authors review the latest RPM structure, results of the auctions, and the future course of the implementation process. (author)


    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Madeleine, Jean-Baptiste

    MODELLING RADIATIVELY ACTIVE WATER-ICE CLOUDS: IMPACT ON THE THERMAL STRUCTURE AND WATER CYCLE. J. The essential role of water-ice clouds in shaping the thermal structure of the martian atmosphere has been long presumed [1] but neglected in GCMs because of the lack of observations and difficulty to predict

  18. Accepted in Methods Mol Biol. 2010 3D-structural models of transmembrane proteins.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    of transmembrane proteins is a major research area. Due to the lack of available 3D structures, automatic homology1 Accepted in Methods Mol Biol. 2010 3D-structural models of transmembrane proteins. Alexandre G proteins are macromolecules implicated in major biological process and diseases. Due to their specific

  19. Constitutive model for predicting dynamic interactions between soil ejecta and structural panels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wadley, Haydn

    Blast loading a b s t r a c t A constitutive model is developed for the high-rate deformation that the deflections and reaction forces induced by the blast are smaller and the incidence of tearing is diminished to the structure (relative to a thicker solid plate) through a fluid/structure interaction (FSI) effect (Deshpande

  20. Adaptive modeling of environmental e ects in modal parameters for damage detection in civil structures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stanford University

    Adaptive modeling of environmental e ects in modal parameters for damage detection in civil parameters due to temperature changes from those caused by structural damage or other environmental e ects to environmental factors can be far larger than those caused by structural damage. During damp weather, for example

  1. Structure of light meson multiplets and a semirelativistic model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fulcher, L.P.


    A semirelativistic model of light quark-antiquark pairs, which is an extension of the phenomenological model of De Rujula, Georgi, and Glashow, is presented. Our model incorporates significant new relativistic kinetic energy effects as well as important relativistic corrections to the potential energy. For definiteness, the potential of Gupta, Radford, and Repko is used to help define the mass parameters. In order to obtain good agreement between theory and experiment, we include quark-antiquark annihilation effects for the 1S mesons and higher-order spin-spin effects for the 2S mesons. We are also successful at identifying numerous meson states between about 900 and 2300 MeV as members of the 1P, 1D, and 1F multiplets. Predictions are given for the locations of 19 missing meson states between 1300 and 2300 MeV.

  2. First Structure Formation: II. Cosmic String + Hot Dark Matter Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tom Abel; Albert Stebbins; Peter Anninos; Michael L. Norman


    We examine the structure of baryonic wakes in the cosmological fluid which would form behind GUT-scale cosmic strings at early times (redshifts z > 100) in a neutrino-dominated universe. We show, using simple analytical arguments as well as 1- and 2-dimensional hydrodynamical simulations, that these wakes will NOT be able to form interesting cosmological objects before the neutrino component collapses. The width of the baryonic wakes (< 10 kpc comoving) is smaller than the scale of wiggles on the strings and are probably not enhanced by the wiggliness of the string network.

  3. Structured Probabilistic Models of Proteins across Spatial and Fitness Landscapes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    acid composition in response to changing fitness landscapes. The thesis of this dissertation interactions quickly and accurately. We then develop a method of learning generative models of amino acid cocktails that remain effective against natural possible mutant variants of the tar- get. Towards this

  4. Template-Based Modeling of Protein Structure David Constant

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    will obviously have an effect on the quality of the ultimate model that is predicted. In recent years, the line this method. Simple BLAST searches comparing sequences to sequences can be sufficient for very easy queries the query to templates using sequence profiles generated by PSI- BLAST or HMM can result

  5. Modeling hierarchically structured nanoparticle/diblock copolymer systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lisal, Martin

    challenge. In this work, we present a molecular modeling approach for predicting the nanostructure of hybrid of the DBCPs can be harnessed to promote the ordering of the NPs and thereby create highly organized hybrid so materials systems, such as DBCP- based nanocomposites.24 Indeed, the nal morphology of DBCP

  6. A finite element model for transient thermal/structural analysis of large composite space structures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lutz, James Delmar


    Versus Time at Solar and Antisolar Points For Cross-Section Number 2 84 28 Temperature Versus Time at Solar and Antisolar Points f' or Cross-Section Number 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85 29 Thermal Noments Versus Time 87 30 Thermal Axial Forces... ar bitrar y domain xi v Superscripts conduction element iteration number flux radiation thermal Subscripts initial reference solar unstrained state INTRODVCTION In the next few decades large space structures will be placed into earth...

  7. Analysis of Structural MtrC Models Based on Homology with the Crystal Structure of MtrF

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Edwards, Marcus; Fredrickson, Jim K.; Zachara, John M.; Richardson, David; Clarke, Thomas A.


    The outer-membrane decahaem cytochrome MtrC is part of the transmembrane MtrCAB complex required for mineral respiration by Shewanella oneidensis. MtrC has significant sequence similarity to the paralogous decahaem cytochrome MtrF, which has been structurally solved through X-ray crystallography. This now allows for homology-based models of MtrC to be generated. The structure of these MtrC homology models contain ten bis-histidine-co-ordinated c-type haems arranged in a staggered cross through a four-domain structure. This model is consistent with current spectroscopic data and shows that the areas around haem 5 and haem 10, at the termini of an octahaem chain, are likely to have functions similar to those of the corresponding haems in MtrF. The electrostatic surfaces around haem 7, close to the ?-barrels, are different in MtrF and MtrC, indicating that these haems may have different potentials and interact with substrates differently.

  8. Modelling the Structure and Dynamics of Science Using Books

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ginda, Michael; Borner, Katy


    Scientific research is a major driving force in a knowledge based economy. Income, health and wellbeing depend on scientific progress. The better we understand the inner workings of the scientific enterprise, the better we can prompt, manage, steer, and utilize scientific progress. Diverse indicators and approaches exist to evaluate and monitor research activities, from calculating the reputation of a researcher, institution, or country to analyzing and visualizing global brain circulation. However, there are very few predictive models of science that are used by key decision makers in academia, industry, or government interested to improve the quality and impact of scholarly efforts. We present a novel 'bibliographic bibliometric' analysis which we apply to a large collection of books relevant for the modelling of science. We explain the data collection together with the results of the data analyses and visualizations. In the final section we discuss how the analysis of books that describe different modellin...

  9. Technical assumption for Mo-99 production in the MARIA reactor. Feasibility study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jaroszewicz, J.; Pytel, K.; Dabkowski, L.; Krzysztoszek, G. [Institute of Atomic Energy, 05-400 Otwock-Swierk (Poland)


    The main objective of U-235 irradiation is to obtain the Tc-99m isotope which is widely used in the domain of medical diagnostics. The decisive factor determining its availability, despite its short life time, is a reaction of radioactive decay of Mo-99 into Tc- 99m. One of the possible sources of molybdenum can be achieved in course of the U-235 fission reaction. The paper presents activities and the calculations results obtained upon the feasibility study on irradiation of U-235 targets for production of molybdenum in the MARIA reactor. The activities including technical assumption were focused on performing calculation for modelling of the target and irradiation device as well as adequate equipment and tools for processing in reactor. It has been assumed that the basic component of fuel charge is an aluminium cladded plate with dimensions of 40x230x1.45 containing 4.7 g U-235. The presumed mode of the heat removal generated in the fuel charge of the reactor primary cooling circuit influences the construction of installation to be used for irradiation and the technological instrumentation. The outer channel construction for irradiation has to be identical as the standard fuel channel construction of the MARIA reactor. It enables to use the existing slab and reactor mounting sockets for the fastening of the molybdenum channel as well as the cooling water delivery system. The measurement of water temperature cooling a fuel charge and control of water flow rate in the channel can also be carried out be means of the standard instrumentation of the reactor. (author)

  10. Potts model based on a Markov process computation solves the community structure problem effectively

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Hui-Jia; Wu, Ling-Yun; Zhang, Junhua; Zhang, Xiang-Sun


    Potts model is a powerful tool to uncover community structure in complex networks. Here, we propose a new framework to reveal the optimal number of communities and stability of network structure by quantitatively analyzing the dynamics of Potts model. Specifically we model the community structure detection Potts procedure by a Markov process, which has a clear mathematical explanation. Then we show that the local uniform behavior of spin values across multiple timescales in the representation of the Markov variables could naturally reveal the network's hierarchical community structure. In addition, critical topological information regarding to multivariate spin configuration could also be inferred from the spectral signatures of the Markov process. Finally an algorithm is developed to determine fuzzy communities based on the optimal number of communities and the stability across multiple timescales. The effectiveness and efficiency of our algorithm are theoretically analyzed as well as experimentally validate...


    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    STOCHASTIC COMPUTATIONAL DYNAMICAL MODEL OF UNCERTAIN STRUCTURE COUPLED WITH AN INSULATION LAYER the effect of insulation layers in complex dynamical systems for low- and medium-frequency ranges such as car booming noise analysis, one introduces a sim- plified stochastic model of insulation layers based

  12. An Efficient Genetic Algorithm for Predicting Protein Tertiary Structures in the 2D HP Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Istrail, Sorin

    , predicting its tertiary structure is known as the protein folding problem. This problem has been widely genetic algo- rithm for the protein folding problem under the HP model in the two-dimensional square Genetic Algorithm, Protein Folding Problem, 2D HP Model 1. INTRODUCTION Amino acids are the building


    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carmona, Rene

    the relationship between prices and underlying drivers more easily than in most other marketsA SURVEY OF COMMODITY MARKETS AND STRUCTURAL MODELS FOR ELECTRICITY PRICES RENE CARMONA AND MICHAEL and the methods which have been proposed to handle them in spot and forward price models. We devote special

  14. Dynamic model failure tests of dam structures Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024, China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spencer Jr., B.F.

    Dynamic model failure tests of dam structures Gao Lin Dalian University of Technology, Dalian failure tests of a number of concrete gravity dams, concrete arch dams and embankment dams have been index for the safety assessment of concrete dams and is predicted through dynamic model failure tests

  15. Hierarchical Modelling of Automotive Sensor Front-Ends For Structural Diagnosis of Aging Faults

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wieringa, Roel Abstract: The semiconductor industry for automotive applications is growingHierarchical Modelling of Automotive Sensor Front-Ends For Structural Diagnosis of Aging Faults, dependability, reliability, aging models, hierarchical interfacing, analogue automotive front-ends. I

  16. Social Networks An Overview of Approaches to Visualize their Structure, Model their

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nagurney, Anna

    Social Networks An Overview of Approaches to Visualize their Structure, Model their Emergence of a Social Network Representations of Social Networks Modeling the Emergence of Networks Flows on Networks of Relationships in Supply Chain and Financial Networks #12;Definition of Social Networks "A social network

  17. An Empirical Study on Statistical Disambiguation of Japanese Dependency Structures Using a Lexically Sensitive Language Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shirai, Kiyoaki

    : The language model used in a statistical parser should have probabilistically well-founded se- mantics, which simultaneously1 . In this context, we newly designed a framework of statistical language modeling taking all) and (Collins, 1997) due to the lack of modularity of statistical types. 2Although syntactic structure R

  18. Emergence of structured interactions: from a theoretical model to pragmatic robotics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    , the the underlying dynamical parameters of the model will be applied to 2 robotic controllers in order to increaseEmergence of structured interactions: from a theoretical model to pragmatic robotics A.Revel ETIS In this article, we present two neural architectures for the control of socially interacting robots. Beginning

  19. Structural Topic Model for Latent Topical Structure Analysis Hongning Wang, Duo Zhang, ChengXiang Zhai

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhai, ChengXiang

    models (Hofmann, 1999; Blei et al., 2003) to explore word co-occurrence pat- terns, i.e. topics, embedded.g., (Blei and Jordan, 2003; Blei and Lafferty, 2007; Mei et al., 2007; Lu and Zhai, 2008)). In general (Blei et al., 2003), i.e., the doc- ument generation probabilities are invariant to con- tent

  20. Modeling direct interband tunneling. II. Lower-dimensional structures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pan, Andrew, E-mail: [Department of Electrical Engineering, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California 90095 (United States); Chui, Chi On [Department of Electrical Engineering, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California 90095 (United States); California NanoSystems Institute, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California 90095 (United States)


    We investigate the applicability of the two-band Hamiltonian and the widely used Kane analytical formula to interband tunneling along unconfined directions in nanostructures. Through comparisons with k·p and tight-binding calculations and quantum transport simulations, we find that the primary correction is the change in effective band gap. For both constant fields and realistic tunnel field-effect transistors, dimensionally consistent band gap scaling of the Kane formula allows analytical and numerical device simulations to approximate non-equilibrium Green's function current characteristics without arbitrary fitting. This allows efficient first-order calibration of semiclassical models for interband tunneling in nanodevices.

  1. CBE UFAD cost analysis tool: Life cycle cost model, issues and assumptions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Webster, Tom; Benedek, Corinne; Bauman, Fred


    Building Construction Cost Data. ” RS Means, Kingston MA.schedules Refurbish cost data Tax rate data Maintenance &Maintenance & Repair section, cost data is a combination of

  2. Iterative model-building, structure refinement, and density modification with the PHENIX AutoBuild Wizard

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Los Alamos National Laboratory, Mailstop M888, Los Alamos, NM 87545, USA; Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, One Cyclotron Road, Building 64R0121, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA; Department of Haematology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 0XY, England; Terwilliger, Thomas; Terwilliger, T.C.; Grosse-Kunstleve, Ralf Wilhelm; Afonine, P.V.; Moriarty, N.W.; Zwart, P.H.; Hung, L.-W.; Read, R.J.; Adams, P.D.


    The PHENIX AutoBuild Wizard is a highly automated tool for iterative model-building, structure refinement and density modification using RESOLVE or TEXTAL model-building, RESOLVE statistical density modification, and phenix.refine structure refinement. Recent advances in the AutoBuild Wizard and phenix.refine include automated detection and application of NCS from models as they are built, extensive model completion algorithms, and automated solvent molecule picking. Model completion algorithms in the AutoBuild Wizard include loop-building, crossovers between chains in different models of a structure, and side-chain optimization. The AutoBuild Wizard has been applied to a set of 48 structures at resolutions ranging from 1.1 {angstrom} to 3.2 {angstrom}, resulting in a mean R-factor of 0.24 and a mean free R factor of 0.29. The R-factor of the final model is dependent on the quality of the starting electron density, and relatively independent of resolution.

  3. Iterative model building, structure refinement and density modification with the PHENIX AutoBuild wizard

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Terwilliger, Thomas C., E-mail: [Los Alamos National Laboratory, Mailstop M888, Los Alamos, NM 87545 (United States); Grosse-Kunstleve, Ralf W.; Afonine, Pavel V.; Moriarty, Nigel W.; Zwart, Peter H. [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, One Cyclotron Road, Building 64R0121, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States); Hung, Li-Wei [Los Alamos National Laboratory, Mailstop M888, Los Alamos, NM 87545 (United States); Read, Randy J. [Department of Haematology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 0XY (United Kingdom); Adams, Paul D., E-mail: [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, One Cyclotron Road, Building 64R0121, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States); Los Alamos National Laboratory, Mailstop M888, Los Alamos, NM 87545 (United States)


    The highly automated PHENIX AutoBuild wizard is described. The procedure can be applied equally well to phases derived from isomorphous/anomalous and molecular-replacement methods. The PHENIX AutoBuild wizard is a highly automated tool for iterative model building, structure refinement and density modification using RESOLVE model building, RESOLVE statistical density modification and phenix.refine structure refinement. Recent advances in the AutoBuild wizard and phenix.refine include automated detection and application of NCS from models as they are built, extensive model-completion algorithms and automated solvent-molecule picking. Model-completion algorithms in the AutoBuild wizard include loop building, crossovers between chains in different models of a structure and side-chain optimization. The AutoBuild wizard has been applied to a set of 48 structures at resolutions ranging from 1.1 to 3.2 Å, resulting in a mean R factor of 0.24 and a mean free R factor of 0.29. The R factor of the final model is dependent on the quality of the starting electron density and is relatively independent of resolution.

  4. Localized structures and front propagation in the Lengyel-Epstein model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jensen, O.; Pannbacker, V.O.; Mosekilde, E.; Dewel, G.; Borckmans, P. (Physics Department, Technical University of Denmark, 2800 Lyngby (Denmark) Service de Chimie-Physique, Code Postal 231 Universite Libre de Bruxelles, 1050 Brussels (Belgium))


    Pattern selection, localized structure formation, and front propagation are analyzed within the framework of a model for the chlorine dioxide--iodine--malonic acid reaction that represents a key to understanding recently obtained Turing structures. This model is distinguished from previously studied, simple reaction-diffusion models by producing a strongly subcritical transition to stripes. The wave number for the modes of maximum linear gain is calculated and compared with the dominant wave number for the finally selected, stationary structures grown from the homogeneous steady state or developed behind a traveling front. The speed of propagation for a front between the homogeneous steady state and a one-dimensional (1D) Turing structure is obtained. This velocity shows a characteristic change in behavior at the crossover between the subcritical and supercritical regimes for the Turing bifurcation. In the subcritical regime there is an interval where the front velocity vanishes as a result of a pinning of the front to the underlying structure. In 2D, two different nucleation mechanisms for hexagonal structures are illustrated on the Lengyel-Epstein and the Brusselator model. Finally, the observation of 1D and 2D spirals with Turing-induced cores is reported.

  5. Blind Channel Estimation in OFDM Systems by Relying on the Gaussian Assumption of the Input

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Quadeer, Ahmed Abdul

    Blind Channel Estimation in OFDM Systems by Relying on the Gaussian Assumption of the Input T. Y methods rely on some form of training which reduces the useful data rate. Here instead we blindly estimate maxima of the ML objective function. One is the blind Genetic algorithm and the other is the semi-blind


    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    RETI Phase 1B Final Report Update NET SHORT RECALCULATION AND NEW PV ASSUMPTIONS With Revisions distributed photovoltaic (PV) installations in the Report is unclear and perhaps misleading. At the direction-generation is required. The CEC forecast assumed that 1,082 GWh will be self-generated by consumers from new PV

  7. Human lightness perception is guided by simple assumptions about reflectance and lighting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Murray, Richard

    Human lightness perception is guided by simple assumptions about reflectance and lighting Richard F 0009, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, M3J 1P3 ABSTRACT Lightness constancy is the remarkable ability of human successful approaches to understanding lightness perception that have developed along independent paths

  8. Novel Use of a Genetic Algorithm for Protein Structure Prediction: Searching Template and Sequence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moreira, Bruno Contreras

    Novel Use of a Genetic Algorithm for Protein Structure Prediction: Searching Template and Sequence assumption is that similar amino acid sequences have the same fold, as supported by empirical observation, so into the models are a function of the differences in sequence between query and template(s).1 Evaluation

  9. Speeding Up the Process of Modeling Temporary Structures in a Building Information Model Using Predefined Families

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sabahi, Parsa


    It has been less than a decade that Building Information Modeling (BIM) has been used in construction industries. During this short period of time the application of this new modeling approach has increased significantly, but still the main users...

  10. Sensitivity of Utility-Scale Solar Deployment Projections in the SunShot Vision Study to Market and Performance Assumptions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Eurek, K.; Denholm, P.; Margolis, R.; Mowers, M.


    The SunShot Vision Study explored the potential growth of solar markets if solar prices decreased by about 75% from 2010 to 2020. The ReEDS model was used to simulate utility PV and CSP deployment for this present study, based on several market and performance assumptions - electricity demand, natural gas prices, coal retirements, cost and performance of non-solar renewable technologies, PV resource variability, distributed PV deployment, and solar market supply growth - in addition to the SunShot solar price projections. This study finds that utility-scale solar deployment is highly sensitive to solar prices. Other factors can have significant impacts, particularly electricity demand and natural gas prices.

  11. The structure of the free energy surface of coarse-grained off-lattice protein models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    E. Akturk; H. Arkin Olgar; T. Celik


    We have performed multicanonical simulations of hydrophobic-hydrophilic heteropolymers with a simple effective, coarse-grained off-lattice model to study the structure and the topology of the energy surface. The multicanonical method samples the whole rugged energy landscape, in particular the low-energy part, and enables one to better understand the critical behaviors and visualize the folding pathways of the considered protein model.

  12. Residential applliance data, assumptions and methodology for end-use forecasting with EPRI-REEPS 2.1

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hwang, R.J,; Johnson, F.X.; Brown, R.E.; Hanford, J.W.; Kommey, J.G.


    This report details the data, assumptions and methodology for end-use forecasting of appliance energy use in the US residential sector. Our analysis uses the modeling framework provided by the Appliance Model in the Residential End-Use Energy Planning System (REEPS), which was developed by the Electric Power Research Institute. In this modeling framework, appliances include essentially all residential end-uses other than space conditioning end-uses. We have defined a distinct appliance model for each end-use based on a common modeling framework provided in the REEPS software. This report details our development of the following appliance models: refrigerator, freezer, dryer, water heater, clothes washer, dishwasher, lighting, cooking and miscellaneous. Taken together, appliances account for approximately 70% of electricity consumption and 30% of natural gas consumption in the US residential sector. Appliances are thus important to those residential sector policies or programs aimed at improving the efficiency of electricity and natural gas consumption. This report is primarily methodological in nature, taking the reader through the entire process of developing the baseline for residential appliance end-uses. Analysis steps documented in this report include: gathering technology and market data for each appliance end-use and specific technologies within those end-uses, developing cost data for the various technologies, and specifying decision models to forecast future purchase decisions by households. Our implementation of the REEPS 2.1 modeling framework draws on the extensive technology, cost and market data assembled by LBL for the purpose of analyzing federal energy conservation standards. The resulting residential appliance forecasting model offers a flexible and accurate tool for analyzing the effect of policies at the national level.

  13. NGNP: High Temperature Gas-Cooled Reactor Key Definitions, Plant Capabilities, and Assumptions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Phillip Mills


    This document is intended to provide a Next Generation Nuclear Plant (NGNP) Project tool in which to collect and identify key definitions, plant capabilities, and inputs and assumptions to be used in ongoing efforts related to the licensing and deployment of a high temperature gas-cooled reactor (HTGR). These definitions, capabilities, and assumptions are extracted from a number of sources, including NGNP Project documents such as licensing related white papers [References 1-11] and previously issued requirement documents [References 13-15]. Also included is information agreed upon by the NGNP Regulatory Affairs group's Licensing Working Group and Configuration Council. The NGNP Project approach to licensing an HTGR plant via a combined license (COL) is defined within the referenced white papers and reference [12], and is not duplicated here.

  14. First determination of the quark mixing matrix element Vtb independent of assumptions of unitarity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    John Swain; Lucas Taylor


    We present a new method for the determination of the Cabibbo-Kobayashi-Maskawa quark mixing matrix element $|V_{tb}|$ from electroweak loop corrections, in particular those affecting the process $Z\\to b\\bar{b}$. From a combined analysis of results from the LEP, SLC, Tevatron, and neutrino scattering experiments we determine $|V_{tb}| = 0.77^{+0.18}_{-0.24}$. This is the first determination of $|V_{tb}|$ which is independent of unitarity assumptions.

  15. Inference of the Structural Credit Risk Model Yuxi Li, Li Cheng and Dale Schuurmans

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schuurmans, Dale

    , which sits at the very heart of the structural credit risk model, causes great difficulty when in. Take the sub- prime mortgage crisis as an example where a failure in credit risk assessment has played a critical role in precipitating a world wide financial crisis that has profoundly affected the global

  16. New Structural Model for Multicomponent Pile Cross Sections under Axial Load

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Horvath, John S.

    New Structural Model for Multicomponent Pile Cross Sections under Axial Load John S. Horvath, Ph.D., P.E., M.ASCE1 Abstract: Piles composed of more than one material in their cross section have been used for more than 100 years. Originally this was limited to driven steel shell or pipe piles filled

  17. Hybrid Car-Parrinello/Molecular Mechanics Modelling of Transition Metal Complexes: Structure, Dynamics and Reactivity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guidoni, Leonardo

    Hybrid Car-Parrinello/Molecular Mechanics Modelling of Transition Metal Complexes: Structure). We have recently developed a QM/MM extension of a Car-Parrinello scheme [5]. These hybrid Car functional theory embedded in a classical force field description. The power of such a combined Car

  18. Predicting Protein Folds with Structural Repeats Using a Chain Graph Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xing, Eric P.

    Predicting Protein Folds with Structural Repeats Using a Chain Graph Model Yan Liu yanliu, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213 USA Abstract Protein fold recognition is a key step to to accurately identify protein folds aris- ing from typical spatial arrangements of well-defined secondary

  19. Structuring Measurements for Modeling and the Deployment of Industrial Wireless Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zilic, Zeljko

    . Replacing wired units with wireless sensor network (WSN) nodes offers more flexibility, and ultimately coverage during its deployment. Wireless networking devices are inherently power-limited, which limits1 Structuring Measurements for Modeling and the Deployment of Industrial Wireless Networks Rong


    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carmona, Rene

    A STRUCTURAL MODEL FOR ELECTRICITY PRICES RENE CARMONA, MICHAEL COULON, AND DANIEL SCHWARZ Abstract pricing in electricity markets, thus extending the growing branch of liter- ature which describes power prices for electricity. We capture both the heavy-tailed nature of spot prices and the complex dependence

  1. Modeling electronic structure and transport properties of graphene with resonant scattering centers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Modeling electronic structure and transport properties of graphene with resonant scattering centers present a detailed numerical study of the electronic properties of single-layer graphene with resonant and transport properties of functionalized graphene in a broad range of concentration of impurities from


    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    FINITE WAVELET DOMAIN METHOD FOR EFFICIENT MODELING OF LAMB WAVE BASED STRUCTURAL HEALTH MONITORING element exploits the advantages of wavelets for the spatial discretization of the displacement field : Wavelet-based Finite Element, Transient Response. 1 INTRODUCTION The dynamic transient response and wave

  3. On the Modeling of Piezoelectric Wafer Active Sensor Impedance Analysis for Structural Health Monitoring

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Giurgiutiu, Victor

    damage assessment, and are considered as a new non-destructive evaluation method. The in-situ impedance of experimental results obtained from previous work. The real part of the measured PWAS impedance presents twoOn the Modeling of Piezoelectric Wafer Active Sensor Impedance Analysis for Structural Health

  4. On the Phase Structure of the Schwinger Model with Wilson Fermions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    H. Gausterer; C. B. Lang


    We study the phase structure of the massive one flavour lattice Schwinger model on the basis of the finite size scaling behaviour of the partition function zeroes. At $\\beta = 0$ we observe and discuss a possible discrepancy with results obtained by a different method.

  5. Collinearity in Linear Structural Models of Market Power Jeffrey M. Perloff*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Perloff, Jeffrey M.

    if the marginal cost and demand equations are linear. Key Words: collinearity, estimation, market power. JEL that the marginal cost curve is cMC = + w+ r + Q + , (1) where w is the wage, r is the rental rate on capital, Q The well-known structural model used to estimate market power suffers from a severe collinearity problem


    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mikosch, Thomas

    CHANGE OF STRUCTURE IN FINANCIAL TIME SERIES, LONG RANGE DEPENDENCE AND THE GARCH MODEL THOMAS having as limit a Gaussian #12;eld. In the case of GARCH(p; q) processes a statistic closely related limit theorem for this statistic under the hypothesis of a GARCH(p; q) sequence with a #12;nite 4th

  7. Modelling Bulk Density According to Structure Development: Toward an Indicator of Microstructure Development in Ferralsols.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Modelling Bulk Density According to Structure Development: Toward an Indicator of Microstructure the microaggregates with a small contribution of large pores resulting from root development and macrofaunal activity.25 g cm-3 among the 108 samples studied. Visual assessment of BESI showed that soil material


    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    STRUCTURAL DAMAGE CLASSIFICATION COMPARISON USING SUPPORT VECTOR MACHINE AND BAYESIAN MODEL, CA, USA 92093-0085 ABSTRACT Since all damage identification strategies inevitably in the decision-making process of damage detection, classification, and prognosis, which employs training data (or

  9. Post-glacial biogeography of trembling aspen inferred from genetic structure, genetic diversity, and habitat models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamann, Andreas

    1 Post-glacial biogeography of trembling aspen inferred from genetic structure, genetic diversity title: Aspen post-glacial migration history Keywords: Populus tremuloides, species distribution models, phylogeography, genetic diversity, glacial refugia, aspen clones, Pando Length: Abstract: 250 words Main text

  10. Time-dependent model for diluted magnetic semiconductors including band structure and confinement effects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Time-dependent model for diluted magnetic semiconductors including band structure and confinement dynamics in confined diluted magnetic semiconductors induced by laser. The hole-spin relaxation process light-induced magnetization dynamics in ferro- magnetic films and in diluted magnetic semiconductors DMS

  11. Discrimination of Near-Native Protein Structures From Misfolded Models by Empirical Free Energy Functions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vajda, Sandor

    Discrimination of Near-Native Protein Structures From Misfolded Models by Empirical Free Energy University, Boston, Massachusetts ABSTRACT Free energy potentials, combining molecular mechanics of discrimination that in- clude the correlation coefficient between RMSD and free energy, and a new measure labeled

  12. Modeling the 19982003 summer circulation and thermal structure in Lake Michigan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Modeling the 1998­2003 summer circulation and thermal structure in Lake Michigan Dmitry Beletsky,1 to Lake Michigan on a 2 km grid for 6 consecutive years to study interannual variability of summer. Circulation in southern Lake Michigan appears to be more variable than circulation in northern Lake Michigan

  13. Modeling water column structure and suspended particulate matter on the Middle Atlantic continental shelf

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chang, Grace C.

    that contributed to the evolution of observed thermal structure and resuspension of particulate matter during resuspension processes. It is concluded that wave-current bottom shear stress was clearly the most important process for sediment resuspension during and following both hurricanes. Discrepancies between modeled

  14. Statistical effects of dose deposition in track-structure modelling of radiobiology efficiency

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    : Track-structure model, cell survival, high LET, ions, theory, simulation Abstract: Ion-induced cell. In this paper we focus on two approaches developed and extensively used to predict cell survival in response dose deposition statistics. A INTRODUCTION Cell survival to ionizing radiations is a relevant

  15. Modeling infant learning via symbolic structural alignment Sven E. Kuehne (

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Forbus, Kenneth D.

    Modeling infant learning via symbolic structural alignment Sven E. Kuehne ( Department of Computer Science, Northwestern University 1890 Maple Avenue, Evanston, IL 60201 USA Dedre, IL 60201 USA Kenneth D. Forbus ( Department of Computer Science, Northwestern

  16. Optimization of the structural Gabor functions in a homogeneous velocity model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cerveny, Vlastislav

    Optimization of the structural Gabor functions in a homogeneous velocity model for a zero-o#11;set functions should be optimized, and the Gabor functions should form a frame. We present a simple attempt functions and the space{wavenumber lattice of their central points are optimized analytically

  17. Using Stochastically Generated Subcolumns to Represent Cloud Structure in a Large-Scale Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robert, Pincus

    condensate amount and cloud fraction, has about the same effect on radiative fluxes as does the ad hoc tuning for representing cloud structure in instantaneous calculations and long-term integrations. Shortwave radiation accounting for this effect in the operational radiation scheme. Long simulations with the new model

  18. Experiments to Populate and Validate a Processing Model for Polyurethane Foam: Additional Data for Structural Foams.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rao, Rekha R.; Celina, Mathias C.; Giron, Nicholas Henry; Long, Kevin Nicholas; Russick, Edward M.


    We are developing computational models to help understand manufacturing processes, final properties and aging of structural foam, polyurethane PMDI. Th e resulting model predictions of density and cure gradients from the manufacturing process will be used as input to foam heat transfer and mechanical models. BKC 44306 PMDI-10 and BKC 44307 PMDI-18 are the most prevalent foams used in structural parts. Experiments needed to parameterize models of the reaction kinetics and the equations of motion during the foam blowing stages were described for BKC 44306 PMDI-10 in the first of this report series (Mondy et al. 2014). BKC 44307 PMDI-18 is a new foam that will be used to make relatively dense structural supports via over packing. It uses a different catalyst than those in the BKC 44306 family of foams; hence, we expect that the reaction kineti cs models must be modified. Here we detail the experiments needed to characteriz e the reaction kinetics of BKC 44307 PMDI-18 and suggest parameters for the model based on these experiments. In additi on, the second part of this report describes data taken to provide input to the preliminary nonlinear visco elastic structural response model developed for BKC 44306 PMDI-10 foam. We show that the standard cu re schedule used by KCP does not fully cure the material, and, upon temperature elevation above 150 o C, oxidation or decomposition reactions occur that alter the composition of the foam. These findings suggest that achieving a fully cured foam part with this formulation may be not be possible through therma l curing. As such, visco elastic characterization procedures developed for curing thermosets can provide only approximate material properties, since the state of the material continuously evolves during tests.

  19. Testing the Effectiveness of Various Commonly Used Fit Indices for Detecting Misspecifications in Multilevel Structure Equation Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hsu, Hsien-Yuan


    Two Monte Carlo studies were conducted to investigate the sensitivity of fit indices in detecting model misspecification in multilevel structural equation models (MSEM) with normally distributed or dichotomous outcome variables separately under...

  20. Hybrid Protein Model (HPM) : a method to compact protein 3D-structure information and physicochemical properties

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Hybrid Protein Model (HPM) : a method to compact protein 3D-structure information of the Seventh International Symposium on String Processing Information R #12;Hybrid Protein Model (HPM

  1. Quantized states in Ga1xInxNGaN heterostructures and the model of polarized homogeneous quantum wells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wetzel, Christian M.

    leap as soon as the electronic band structure in quantum wells will be determined and respective interQuantized states in Ga1ÀxInxNÕGaN heterostructures and the model of polarized homogeneous quantum are modeled under the assumption of polarized laterally ho- mogenous quantum wells. In perturbation

  2. An overview of APECOSM, a spatialized mass balanced ``Apex Predators ECOSystem Model" to study physiologically structured tuna population dynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hawai'i at Manoa, University of

    physiologically structured tuna population dynamics in their ecosystem Olivier Maury * IRD (Institut de Recherche by the organisms are modelled according to the DEB (dynamic energy budget) theory (Kooijmann, 2000) and the size-structured- mental variability and fishing on the structure and dynamics of pe- lagic ecosystems. APECOSM uses a size

  3. Crystal Structure of a Luteoviral RNA Pseudoknot and Model for a Minimal Ribosomal Frameshifting Motif

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pallan, Pradeep S.; Marshall, William S.; Harp, Joel; Jewett III, Frederic C.; Wawrzak, Zdzislaw; Brown II, Bernard A.; Rich, Alexander; Egli, Martin (MIT); (Wake Forest); (Dharmacon); (Vanderbilt)


    To understand the role of structural elements of RNA pseudoknots in controlling the extent of -1-type ribosomal frameshifting, we determined the crystal structure of a high-efficiency frameshifting mutant of the pseudoknot from potato leaf roll virus (PLRV). Correlations of the structure with available in vitro frameshifting data for PLRV pseudoknot mutants implicate sequence and length of a stem-loop linker as modulators of frameshifting efficiency. Although the sequences and overall structures of the RNA pseudoknots from PLRV and beet western yellow virus (BWYV) are similar, nucleotide deletions in the linker and adjacent minor groove loop abolish frameshifting only with the latter. Conversely, mutant PLRV pseudoknots with up to four nucleotides deleted in this region exhibit nearly wild-type frameshifting efficiencies. The crystal structure helps rationalize the different tolerances for deletions in the PLRV and BWYV RNAs, and we have used it to build a three-dimensional model of the PRLV pseudoknot with a four-nucleotide deletion. The resulting structure defines a minimal RNA pseudoknot motif composed of 22 nucleotides capable of stimulating -1-type ribosomal frameshifts.

  4. Forecasting model of the PEPCO service area economy. Volume 3

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available


    Volume III describes and documents the regional economic model of the PEPCO service area which was relied upon to develop many of the assumptions of future values of economic and demographic variables used in the forecast. The PEPCO area model is mathematically linked to the Wharton long-term forecast of the U.S. Volume III contains a technical discussion of the structure of the regional model and presents the regional economic forecast.

  5. A model for structural response to hydrogen combustion loads in severe accidents

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Breitung, W.; Redlinger, R. [Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe (Germany). Institut fuer Neutronenphysik und Reaktortechnik


    The response of structures to different pressure histories from hydrogen combustion is analyzed using the model of a linear undamped oscillator. The effective static pressures from a slow deflagration-to-detonation transition (DDT) and a stable detonation are calculated as functions of oscillator frequency. The response of components with a low natural frequency, such as the outermost shell in a large dry containment, is governed by the long-term pressure after combustion. Detonation peak pressure and impulse are not important. For structures with low frequencies, fast flames have a damage potential very similar to detonations. For the investigated pressure loads, the normally reflected detonation provides the bounding effective static pressure for oscillators up to 500 Hz. Fully confined DDT events can exceed the detonation load near the transition location for structural frequencies about {approximately}40 Hz.

  6. Fractal large-scale structure from a stochastic scaling law model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. Capozziello; S. Funkhouser


    A stochastic model relating the parameters of astrophysical structures to the parameters of their granular components is applied to the formation of hierarchical, large-scale structures from galaxies assumed as point-like objects. If the density profile of galaxies on a given scale is described by a power law then the stochastic model leads naturally to a mass function that is proportional to the square of the distance from an occupied point, which corresponds to a two-point correlation function that is inversely proportional to the distance. This result is consistent with observations indicating that galaxies are, on the largest scales, characterized by a fractal distribution with a dimension of order 2 and well-fit with transition to homogeneity at cosmological scales.

  7. Numerical modeling of roll structures in mesoscale vortexes over the Black Sea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Iarova, D A


    This paper is a case study of horizontal atmospheric rolls that formed over the Black Sea on 16 August 2007. The rolls were discovered in WRF modeling results for a mesoscale cyclone that originated over the sea on 15 August 2007. The roll formation mechanisms, such as Rayleigh-Benard convective instability, dynamic instability, advection and stretching of vertical velocity field inhomogeneities, are considered. It is shown that indeed convective instability played an important role in the roll formation but dynamic instability did not occur. In order to distinguish other possible mechanisms of the roll formation numerical experiments were performed. In these experiments sea surface temperature in the initial conditions was decreased in order to prevent convective instability. Even though convective instability was suppressed roll-like structures still appeared in the modeling results, although their height and circulation velocity were smaller than in the control run. It was found that these structures were ...

  8. Fractal Inspired Models of Quark and Gluon Distributions and Longitudinal Structure Function FL(x, Q2) at small x

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Akbari Jahan; D. K. Choudhury


    In recent years, Fractal Inspired Models of quark and gluon densities at small x have been proposed. In this paper, we investigate longitudinal structure function F-L (x, Q2) within this approach. We make predictions using the QCD based approximate relation between the longitudinal structure function and the gluon density. As the Altarelli-Martinelli equation for the longitudinal structure function cannot be applied to Model I due to the presence of a singularity in the Bjorken x-space we consider Model II only. The qualitative feature of the prediction of Model II is found to be compatible with the QCD expectation.

  9. Wind turbine control systems: Dynamic model development using system identification and the fast structural dynamics code

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stuart, J.G.; Wright, A.D.; Butterfield, C.P.


    Mitigating the effects of damaging wind turbine loads and responses extends the lifetime of the turbine and, consequently, reduces the associated Cost of Energy (COE). Active control of aerodynamic devices is one option for achieving wind turbine load mitigation. Generally speaking, control system design and analysis requires a reasonable dynamic model of {open_quotes}plant,{close_quotes} (i.e., the system being controlled). This paper extends the wind turbine aileron control research, previously conducted at the National Wind Technology Center (NWTC), by presenting a more detailed development of the wind turbine dynamic model. In prior research, active aileron control designs were implemented in an existing wind turbine structural dynamics code, FAST (Fatigue, Aerodynamics, Structures, and Turbulence). In this paper, the FAST code is used, in conjunction with system identification, to generate a wind turbine dynamic model for use in active aileron control system design. The FAST code is described and an overview of the system identification technique is presented. An aileron control case study is used to demonstrate this modeling technique. The results of the case study are then used to propose ideas for generalizing this technique for creating dynamic models for other wind turbine control applications.

  10. Essays on Regression Spline Structural Nonparametric Stochastic Production Frontier Estimation and Inefficiency Analysis Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Ke


    of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY December 2010 Major Subject: Agricultural Economics Essays on Regression Spline Structural Nonparametric Stochastic Production Frontier Estimation and Ine ciency Analysis Models Copyright 2010 Ke Li... of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY Approved by: Chair of Committee, Ximing Wu Committee Members, David Bessler H. Alan Love Qi Li Head of Department, John P. Nichols December 2010 Major Subject: Agricultural Economics iii ABSTRACT...

  11. Rapid Loss Modeling of Death and Downtime Caused By Earthquake Induced Damage to Structures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ghorawat, Sandeep


    losses produced by large, damaging earthquakes. This was when California Office of Emergency Services started thinking of some rational basis for state rescue and recovery operations for future. Kennedy et al. (1980) studied probabilistic seismic... (1999) developed a relationship between seismic demands on structures in terms of ground motion parameters which is part of the second step of the performance based design model. They worked on probabilistic seismic demand analysis of nonlinear...

  12. Optimal Harvesting in an Age-Structured Predator-Prey Model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fister, K. Renee [Department of Mathematics and Statistics, Murray State University, Murray, KY 42071-3341 (United States)], E-mail:; Lenhart, Suzanne [Department of Mathematics, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN 37996-1300 (United States) and Computer Science and Mathematics Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN 37831-6016 (United States)], E-mail:


    We investigate optimal harvesting control in a predator-prey model in which the prey population is represented by a first-order partial differential equation with age-structure and the predator population is represented by an ordinary differential equation in time. The controls are the proportions of the populations to be harvested, and the objective functional represents the profit from harvesting. The existence and uniqueness of the optimal control pair are established.

  13. An examination of the construct validity of predictors of productive and counterproductive job performance using structural equation modeling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tice, Julie Anne Goodwin


    MODELING by JULIE ANNE GOODWiN TICE Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas AkM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE Approved to style and conte t by: Judith M. Col ' (Chair... Performance Using Structural Equation Modeling. (December 1996) Julie Anne Goodwm Tice, B. A. , Northwestern University Chair of Advisory Committee: Dr. Judith M. Collins This research used structural equation modeling to test the construct validity...

  14. First Structure Formation: I. Primordial Star Forming Regions in hierarchical models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tom Abel; Peter Anninos; Michael L. Norman; Yu Zhang


    We investigate the possibility of very early formation of primordial star clusters from high-\\sigma perturbations in cold dark matter dominated structure formation scenarios. For this we have developed a powerful 2-level hierarchical cosmological code with a realistic and robust treatment of multi-species primordial gas chemistry, paying special attention to the formation and destruction of hydrogen molecules, non-equilibrium ionization, and cooling processes. We performed 3-D simulations at small scales and at high redshifts and find that, analogous to simulations of large scale structure, a complex system of filaments, sheets, and spherical knots at the intersections of filaments form. On the mass scales covered by our simulations (5x10^5 - 1x10^9\\Ms) that collapse at redshifts z>25, we find that only at the spherical knots can enough H2 be formed (n_{H_2}/n_H > 5x10^-4) to cool the gas appreciably. Quantities such as the time dependence of the formation of H2 molecules, the final H2 fraction, and central densities from the simulations are compared to the theoretical predictions of Abel (1995) and Tegmark et al. (1997) and found to agree remarkably well. Comparing the 3-D results to an isobaric collapse model we further discuss the possible implications of the extensive merging of small structure that is inherent in hierarchical models. Typically only 5-8% percent of the total baryonic mass in the collapsing structures is found to cool significanlty. Assuming the Padoan (1995) model for star formation our results would predict the first stellar systems to be as small as ~30\\Ms. Some implications for primordial globular cluster formation scenarios are also discussed.

  15. A nonlocal model for fluid-structure interaction with applications in hydraulic fracturing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Turner, Daniel Z


    Modeling important engineering problems related to flow-induced damage (in the context of hydraulic fracturing among others) depends critically on characterizing the interaction of porous media and interstitial fluid flow. This work presents a new formulation for incorporating the effects of pore pressure in a nonlocal representation of solid mechanics. The result is a framework for modeling fluid-structure interaction problems with the discontinuity capturing advantages of an integral based formulation. A number of numerical examples are used to show that the proposed formulation can be applied to measure the effect of leak-off during hydraulic fracturing as well as modeling consolidation of fluid saturated rock and surface subsidence caused by fluid extraction from a geologic reservoir. The formulation incorporates the effect of pore pressure in the constitutive description of the porous material in a way that is appropriate for nonlinear materials, easily implemented in existing codes, straightforward in i...

  16. Modeling laser-induced periodic surface structures: Finite-difference time-domain feedback simulations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Skolski, J. Z. P., E-mail:; Vincenc Obona, J. [Materials innovation institute M2i, Faculty of Engineering Technology, Chair of Applied Laser Technology, University of Twente, P.O. Box 217, 7500 AE Enschede (Netherlands); Römer, G. R. B. E.; Huis in 't Veld, A. J. [Faculty of Engineering Technology, Chair of Applied Laser Technology, University of Twente, P.O. Box 217, 7500 AE Enschede (Netherlands)


    A model predicting the formation of laser-induced periodic surface structures (LIPSSs) is presented. That is, the finite-difference time domain method is used to study the interaction of electromagnetic fields with rough surfaces. In this approach, the rough surface is modified by “ablation after each laser pulse,” according to the absorbed energy profile, in order to account for inter-pulse feedback mechanisms. LIPSSs with a periodicity significantly smaller than the laser wavelength are found to “grow” either parallel or orthogonal to the laser polarization. The change in orientation and periodicity follow from the model. LIPSSs with a periodicity larger than the wavelength of the laser radiation and complex superimposed LIPSS patterns are also predicted by the model.

  17. Validation of New Process Models for Large Injection-Molded Long-Fiber Thermoplastic Composite Structures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nguyen, Ba Nghiep; Jin, Xiaoshi; Wang, Jin; Kunc, Vlastimil; Tucker III, Charles L.


    This report describes the work conducted under the CRADA Nr. PNNL/304 between Battelle PNNL and Autodesk whose objective is to validate the new process models developed under the previous CRADA for large injection-molded LFT composite structures. To this end, the ARD-RSC and fiber length attrition models implemented in the 2013 research version of Moldflow was used to simulate the injection molding of 600-mm x 600-mm x 3-mm plaques from 40% glass/polypropylene (Dow Chemical DLGF9411.00) and 40% glass/polyamide 6,6 (DuPont Zytel 75LG40HSL BK031) materials. The injection molding was performed by Injection Technologies, Inc. at Windsor, Ontario (under a subcontract by Oak Ridge National Laboratory, ORNL) using the mold offered by the Automotive Composite Consortium (ACC). Two fill speeds under the same back pressure were used to produce plaques under slow-fill and fast-fill conditions. Also, two gating options were used to achieve the following desired flow patterns: flows in edge-gated plaques and in center-gated plaques. After molding, ORNL performed measurements of fiber orientation and length distributions for process model validations. The structure of this report is as follows. After the Introduction (Section 1), Section 2 provides a summary of the ARD-RSC and fiber length attrition models. A summary of model implementations in the latest research version of Moldflow is given in Section 3. Section 4 provides the key processing conditions and parameters for molding of the ACC plaques. The validations of the ARD-RSC and fiber length attrition models are presented and discussed in Section 5. The conclusions will be drawn in Section 6.

  18. Caspase-3 binds diverse P4 residues in peptides as revealed by crystallography and structural modeling.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fang, Bin; Fu, Guoxing; Agniswamy, Johnson; Harrison, Robert W.; Weber, Irene T.; (GSU)


    Caspase-3 recognition of various P4 residues in its numerous protein substrates was investigated by crystallography, kinetics, and calculations on model complexes. Asp is the most frequent P4 residue in peptide substrates, although a wide variety of P4 residues are found in the cellular proteins cleaved by caspase-3. The binding of peptidic inhibitors with hydrophobic P4 residues, or no P4 residue, is illustrated by crystal structures of caspase-3 complexes with Ac-IEPD-Cho, Ac-WEHD-Cho, Ac-YVAD-Cho, and Boc-D(OMe)-Fmk at resolutions of 1.9-2.6 {angstrom}. The P4 residues formed favorable hydrophobic interactions in two separate hydrophobic regions of the binding site. The side chains of P4 Ile and Tyr form hydrophobic interactions with caspase-3 residues Trp206 and Trp214 within a non-polar pocket of the S4 subsite, while P4 Trp interacts with Phe250 and Phe252 that can also form the S5 subsite. These interactions of hydrophobic P4 residues are distinct from those for polar P4 Asp, which indicates the adaptability of caspase-3 for binding diverse P4 residues. The predicted trends in peptide binding from molecular models had high correlation with experimental values for peptide inhibitors. Analysis of structural models for the binding of 20 different amino acids at P4 in the aldehyde peptide Ac-XEVD-Cho suggested that the majority of hydrophilic P4 residues interact with Phe250, while hydrophobic residues interact with Trp206, Phe250, and Trp214. Overall, the S4 pocket of caspase-3 exhibits flexible adaptation for different residues and the new structures and models, especially for hydrophobic P4 residues, will be helpful for the design of caspase-3 based drugs.


    SciTech Connect (OSTI)



    As part of a verification test program for seismic analysis computer codes for Nuclear Power Plant (NPP) structures, the Nuclear Power Engineering Corporation (NUPEC) of Japan has conducted a series of field model tests to address the dynamic cross interaction (DCI) effect on the seismic response of NPP structures built in close proximity to each other. The program provided field data to study the methodologies commonly associated with seismic analyses considering the DCI effect. As part of a collaborative program between the United States and Japan on seismic issues related to NPP applications, the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission sponsored a program at Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) to perform independent seismic analyses which applied common analysis procedures to predict the building response to recorded earthquake events for the test models with DCI effect. In this study, two large-scale DCI test model configurations were analyzed: (1) twin reactor buildings in close proximity and (2) adjacent reactor and turbine buildings. This paper describes the NUPEC DCI test models, the BNL analysis using the SASSI 2000 program, and comparisons between the BNL analysis results and recorded field responses. To account for large variability in the soil properties, the conventional approach of computing seismic responses with the mean, mean plus and minus one-standard deviation soil profiles is adopted in the BNL analysis and the three sets of analysis results were used in the comparisons with the test data. A discussion is also provided in the paper to address (1) the capability of the analysis methods to capture the DCI effect, and (2) the conservatism of the practice for considering soil variability in seismic response analysis for adjacent NPP structures.

  20. Thermodynamics and Structural Properties of the High Density Gaussian Core Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Atsushi Ikeda; Kunimasa Miyazaki


    We numerically study thermodynamic and structural properties of the one-component Gaussian core model (GCM) at very high densities. The solid-fluid phase boundary is carefully determined. We find that the density dependence of both the freezing and melting temperatures obey the asymptotic relation, $\\log T_f$, $\\log T_m \\propto -\\rho^{2/3}$, where $\\rho$ is the number density, which is consistent with Stillinger's conjecture. Thermodynamic quantities such as the energy and pressure and the structural functions such as the static structure factor are also investigated in the fluid phase for a wide range of temperature above the phase boundary. We compare the numerical results with the prediction of the liquid theory with the random phase approximation (RPA). At high temperatures, the results are in almost perfect agreement with RPA for a wide range of density, as it has been already shown in the previous studies. In the low temperature regime close to the phase boundary line, although RPA fails to describe the structure factors and the radial distribution functions at the length scales of the interparticle distance, it successfully predicts their behaviors at shorter length scales. RPA also predicts thermodynamic quantities such as the energy, pressure, and the temperature at which the thermal expansion coefficient becomes negative, almost perfectly. Striking ability of RPA to predict thermodynamic quantities even at high densities and low temperatures is understood in terms of the decoupling of the length scales which dictate thermodynamic quantities from the interparticle distance which dominates the peak structures of the static structure factor due to the softness of the Gaussian core potential.

  1. Substrate Creep on The Fatigue Life of A Model Dental Multilayer Structure

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhou, J; Huang, M; Niu, X; soboyejo, W


    In this paper, we investigated the effects of substrate creep on the fatigue behavior of a model dental multilayer structure, in which a top glass layer was bonded to a polycarbonate substrate through a dental adhesive. The top glass layers were ground using 120 grit or 600 grit sand papers before bonding to create different sub-surface crack sizes and morphologies. The multilayer structures were tested under cyclic Hertzian contact loading to study crack growth and obtain fatigue life curves. The experiment results showed that the fatigue lives of the multilayer structures were impaired by increasing crack sizes in the sub-surfaces. They were also significantly reduced by the substrate creep when tested at relatively low load levels i.e. P{sub m} < 60 N (Pm is the maximum magnitude of cyclic load). But at relatively high load levels i.e. P{sub m} > 65 N, slow crack growth (SCG) was the major failure mechanisms. A modeling study was then carried out to explore the possible failure mechanisms over a range of load levels. It is found that fatigue life at relatively low load levels can be better estimated by considering the substrate creep effect (SCE).

  2. A nonstoichiometric structural model to characterize changes in the nickel hydroxide electrode during cycling

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Srinivasan, Venkat; Bahne, C. Cornilsen; Weidner, John W.


    Experimental capacities and mass changes are recorded using an electrochemical quartz crystal microbalance during the first 9 charge and discharge cycles of nickel hydroxide thin films cycled in 3.0 weight percent (wt%) potassium hydroxide electrolyte. For the first time, the film capacities have been corrected for the oxygen evolution side reaction, and the data used as input into the point defect-containing structural model to track the changes that occur during short-term cycling. Variations in capacity and mass during formation and charge/discharge cycling are related to changes in the point defect parameters, thus providing a structural origin for the unique experimental variations observed here and often reported in the literature, but previously unexplained. Proton-, potassium-, and water-content vary in the active material during charge/discharge cycling. The observed capacity loss, or ''capacity fade'', is explained by incomplete incorporation of potassium ions in (or near) the nickel vacancy during charge, as additional protons are then allowed to occupy the vacant lattice site. The increase in water content during reduction parallels the expansion of the electrode that is well known during cycling. This result confirms the origin of the swelling phenomenon as being caused by water incorporation. The model and methodology developed in this paper can be used to correlate electrochemical signatures with material chemical structure.

  3. Washington International Renewable Energy Conference 2008 Pledges: Methodology and Assumptions Summary

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Babiuch, B.; Bilello, D. E.; Cowlin, S. C.; Mann, M.; Wise, A.


    The 2008 Washington International Renewable Energy Conference (WIREC) was held in Washington, D.C., from March 4-6, 2008, and involved nearly 9,000 people from 125 countries. The event brought together worldwide leaders in renewable energy (RE) from governments, international organizations, nongovernmental organizations, and the private sector to discuss the role that renewables can play in alleviating poverty, growing economies, and passing on a healthy planet to future generations. The conference concluded with more than 140 governments, international organizations, and private-sector representatives pledging to advance the uptake of renewable energy. The U.S. government authorized the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) to estimate the carbon dioxide (CO2) savings that would result from the pledges made at the 2008 conference. This report describes the methodology and assumptions used by NREL in quantifying the potential CO2 reductions derived from those pledges.

  4. On the validity of the Poisson assumption in sampling nanometer-sized aerosols

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Damit, Brian E [ORNL] [ORNL; Wu, Dr. Chang-Yu [University of Florida, Gainesville] [University of Florida, Gainesville; Cheng, Mengdawn [ORNL] [ORNL


    A Poisson process is traditionally believed to apply to the sampling of aerosols. For a constant aerosol concentration, it is assumed that a Poisson process describes the fluctuation in the measured concentration because aerosols are stochastically distributed in space. Recent studies, however, have shown that sampling of micrometer-sized aerosols has non-Poissonian behavior with positive correlations. The validity of the Poisson assumption for nanometer-sized aerosols has not been examined and thus was tested in this study. Its validity was tested for four particle sizes - 10 nm, 25 nm, 50 nm and 100 nm - by sampling from indoor air with a DMA- CPC setup to obtain a time series of particle counts. Five metrics were calculated from the data: pair-correlation function (PCF), time-averaged PCF, coefficient of variation, probability of measuring a concentration at least 25% greater than average, and posterior distributions from Bayesian inference. To identify departures from Poissonian behavior, these metrics were also calculated for 1,000 computer-generated Poisson time series with the same mean as the experimental data. For nearly all comparisons, the experimental data fell within the range of 80% of the Poisson-simulation values. Essentially, the metrics for the experimental data were indistinguishable from a simulated Poisson process. The greater influence of Brownian motion for nanometer-sized aerosols may explain the Poissonian behavior observed for smaller aerosols. Although the Poisson assumption was found to be valid in this study, it must be carefully applied as the results here do not definitively prove applicability in all sampling situations.

  5. Comment on "Magnetic Structure of Gd2Ti2O7"

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stewart, John Ross [ISIS Facility, Rutherford Appleton Laboratory; Ehlers, Georg [ORNL; Wills, A S [University College, London; Bramwell, S T [University College, London; Gardner, Jason [Indiana University


    M. W. Long and collaborators [ Phys. Rev. B 83 054422 (2011)] recently proposed magnetic structures for gadolinium titanate that differ from those previously reported by us [ J. R. Stewart, G. Ehlers, A. S. Wills, S. T. Bramwell and J. S. Gardner J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 16 L321 (2004)]. In this Comment, we show that the calculated structure factors, S(Q), of the newly proposed models are inconsistent with our neutron powder diffraction data. Long and colleagues were led to reconsider the magnetic structure of gadolinium titanate on the basis of a number of theoretical and experimental assumptions. We argue that these assumptions have no basis in fact and conclude that they provide no reason to doubt our published magnetic structures.

  6. Introducing Improved Structural Properties and Salt Dependence into a Coarse-Grained Model of DNA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Snodin, Benedict E K; Mosayebi, Majid; Sulc, Petr; Schreck, John S; Romano, Flavio; Ouldridge, Thomas E; Tsukanov, Roman; Nir, Eyal; Louis, Ard A; Doye, Jonathan P K


    We introduce an extended version of oxDNA, a coarse-grained model of DNA designed to capture the thermodynamic, structural and mechanical properties of single- and double-stranded DNA. By including explicit major and minor grooves, and by slightly modifying the coaxial stacking and backbone-backbone interactions, we improve the ability of the model to treat large (kilobase-pair) structures such as DNA origami which are sensitive to these geometric features. Further, we extend the model, which was previously parameterised to just one salt concentration ([Na+]=0.5M), so that it can be used for a range of salt concentrations including those corresponding to physiological conditions. Finally, we use new experimental data to parameterise the oxDNA potential so that consecutive adenine bases stack with a different strength to consecutive thymine bases, a feature which allows a more accurate treatment of systems where the flexibility of single-stranded regions is important. We illustrate the new possibilities opened...

  7. A Home Ignition Assessment Model Applied to Structures in the Wildland-Urban Interface

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Biswas, Kaushik [ORNL; Werth, David [Savannah River National Laboratory, Aiken, SC; Gupta, Narendra [Savannah River National Laboratory, Aiken, SC


    The issue of exterior fire threat to buildings, from either wildfires in the wildland-urban interface or neighboring structure fires, is critically important. To address this, theWildfire Ignition Resistant Home Design (WIRHD) program was initiated. The WIRHD program developed a tool, theWildFIREWizard, that will allow homeowners to estimate the external fire threat to their homes based on specific features and characteristics of the homes and yards. The software then makes recommendations to reduce the threat. The inputs include the structural and material features of the home and information about any ignition sources or flammable objects in its immediate vicinity, known as the home ignition zone. The tool comprises an ignition assessment model that performs explicit calculations of the radiant and convective heating of the building envelope from the potential ignition sources. This article describes a series of material ignition and flammability tests that were performed to calibrate and/or validate the ignition assessment model. The tests involved exposing test walls with different external siding types to radiant heating and/or direct flame contact.The responses of the test walls were used to determine the conditions leading to melting, ignition, or any other mode of failure of the walls. Temperature data were used to verify the model predictions of temperature rises and ignition times of the test walls.

  8. Non-equilibrium structure and dynamics in a microscopic model of thin film active gels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. A. Head; W. J. Briels; G. Gompper


    In the presence of ATP, molecular motors generate active force dipoles that drive suspensions of protein filaments far from thermodynamic equilibrium, leading to exotic dynamics and pattern formation. Microscopic modelling can help to quantify the relationship between individual motors plus filaments to organisation and dynamics on molecular and supra-molecular length scales. Here we present results of extensive numerical simulations of active gels where the motors and filaments are confined between two infinite parallel plates. Thermal fluctuations and excluded-volume interactions between filaments are included. A systematic variation of rates for motor motion, attachment and detachment, including a differential detachment rate from filament ends, reveals a range of non-equilibrium behaviour. Strong motor binding produces structured filament aggregates that we refer to as asters, bundles or layers, whose stability depends on motor speed and differential end-detachment. The gross features of the dependence of the observed structures on the motor rate and the filament concentration can be captured by a simple one-filament model. Loosely bound aggregates exhibit super-diffusive mass transport, where filament translocation scales with lag time with non-unique exponents that depend on motor kinetics. An empirical data collapse of filament speed as a function of motor speed and end-detachment is found, suggesting a dimensional reduction of the relevant parameter space. We conclude by discussing the perspectives of microscopic modelling in the field of active gels.

  9. Durability-Based Design Guide for an Automotive Structural Composite: Part 2. Background Data and Models

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Corum, J.M. [ORNL; Battiste, R.L. [ORNL; Brinkman, C.R. [ORNL; Ren, W. [ORNL; Ruggles, M.B. [ORNL; Weitsman, Y.J. [ORNL; Yahr, G.T. [ORNL


    This background report is a companion to the document entitled ''Durability-Based Design Criteria for an Automotive Structural Composite: Part 1. Design Rules'' (ORNL-6930). The rules and the supporting material characterization and modeling efforts described here are the result of a U.S. Department of Energy Advanced Automotive Materials project entitled ''Durability of Lightweight Composite Structures.'' The overall goal of the project is to develop experimentally based, durability-driven design guidelines for automotive structural composites. The project is closely coordinated with the Automotive Composites Consortium (ACC). The initial reference material addressed by the rules and this background report was chosen and supplied by ACC. The material is a structural reaction injection-molded isocyanurate (urethane), reinforced with continuous-strand, swirl-mat, E-glass fibers. This report consists of 16 position papers, each summarizing the observations and results of a key area of investigation carried out to provide the basis for the durability-based design guide. The durability issues addressed include the effects of cyclic and sustained loadings, temperature, automotive fluids, vibrations, and low-energy impacts (e.g., tool drops and roadway kickups) on deformation, strength, and stiffness. The position papers cover these durability issues. Topics include (1) tensile, compressive, shear, and flexural properties; (2) creep and creep rupture; (3) cyclic fatigue; (4) the effects of temperature, environment, and prior loadings; (5) a multiaxial strength criterion; (6) impact damage and damage tolerance design; (7) stress concentrations; (8) a damage-based predictive model for time-dependent deformations; (9) confirmatory subscale component tests; and (10) damage development and growth observations.

  10. CPUF - a chemical-structure-based polyurethane foam decomposition and foam response model.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fletcher, Thomas H. (Brigham Young University, Provo, UT); Thompson, Kyle Richard; Erickson, Kenneth L.; Dowding, Kevin J.; Clayton, Daniel (Brigham Young University, Provo, UT); Chu, Tze Yao; Hobbs, Michael L.; Borek, Theodore Thaddeus III


    A Chemical-structure-based PolyUrethane Foam (CPUF) decomposition model has been developed to predict the fire-induced response of rigid, closed-cell polyurethane foam-filled systems. The model, developed for the B-61 and W-80 fireset foam, is based on a cascade of bondbreaking reactions that produce CO2. Percolation theory is used to dynamically quantify polymer fragment populations of the thermally degrading foam. The partition between condensed-phase polymer fragments and gas-phase polymer fragments (i.e. vapor-liquid split) was determined using a vapor-liquid equilibrium model. The CPUF decomposition model was implemented into the finite element (FE) heat conduction codes COYOTE and CALORE, which support chemical kinetics and enclosure radiation. Elements were removed from the computational domain when the calculated solid mass fractions within the individual finite element decrease below a set criterion. Element removal, referred to as ?element death,? creates a radiation enclosure (assumed to be non-participating) as well as a decomposition front, which separates the condensed-phase encapsulant from the gas-filled enclosure. All of the chemistry parameters as well as thermophysical properties for the CPUF model were obtained from small-scale laboratory experiments. The CPUF model was evaluated by comparing predictions to measurements. The validation experiments included several thermogravimetric experiments at pressures ranging from ambient pressure to 30 bars. Larger, component-scale experiments were also used to validate the foam response model. The effects of heat flux, bulk density, orientation, embedded components, confinement and pressure were measured and compared to model predictions. Uncertainties in the model results were evaluated using a mean value approach. The measured mass loss in the TGA experiments and the measured location of the decomposition front were within the 95% prediction limit determined using the CPUF model for all of the experiments where the decomposition gases were vented sufficiently. The CPUF model results were not as good for the partially confined radiant heat experiments where the vent area was regulated to maintain pressure. Liquefaction and flow effects, which are not considered in the CPUF model, become important when the decomposition gases are confined.

  11. Turbulence Modelling and Stirring Mechanisms in the Cosmological Large-scale Structure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Iapichino, L; Niemeyer, J C; Merklein, J


    FEARLESS (Fluid mEchanics with Adaptively Refined Large Eddy SimulationS) is a numerical scheme for modelling subgrid-scale turbulence in cosmological adaptive mesh refinement simulations. In this contribution, the main features of this tool will be outlined. We discuss the application of this method to cosmological simulations of the large-scale structure. The simulations show that the production of turbulence has a different redshift dependence in the intra-cluster medium and the warm-hot intergalactic medium, caused by the distinct stirring mechanisms (mergers and shock interactions) acting in them. Some properties of the non-thermal pressure support in the two baryon phases are also described.

  12. Analysis of the Effects of Compositional and Configurational Assumptions on Product Costs for the Thermochemical Conversion of Lignocellulosic Biomass to Mixed Alcohols -- FY 2007 Progress Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhu, Yunhua; Gerber, Mark A.; Jones, Susanne B.; Stevens, Don J.


    The purpose of this study was to examine alternative biomass-to-ethanol conversion process assumptions and configuration options to determine their relative effects on overall process economics. A process-flow-sheet computer model was used to determine the heat and material balance for each configuration that was studied. The heat and material balance was then fed to a costing spreadsheet to determine the impact on the ethanol selling price. By examining a number of operational and configuration alternatives and comparing the results to the base flow sheet, alternatives having the greatest impact the performance and cost of the overall system were identified and used to make decisions on research priorities.


    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MODELLING OF THE PERC STRUCTURE WITH STRIPE AND DOT BACK CONTACTS K.R. Catchpole and A.W. Blakers Centre for Sustainable Energy Systems Engineering Department, FEIT, The Australian National University commercial cell designs with only a small increase in process complexity. Optimisation of the PERC structure

  14. Forecasting the conditional volatility of oil spot and futures prices with structural breaks and long memory models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Forecasting the conditional volatility of oil spot and futures prices with structural breaks of oil spot and futures prices using three GARCH-type models, i.e., linear GARCH, GARCH with structural that oil price fluctuations influence economic activity and financial sector (e.g., Jones and Kaul, 1996

  15. A controlled distributed parameter model for a fluid-flexible structure system: numerical simulations and experiment validations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baudouin, Lucie

    A controlled distributed parameter model for a fluid-flexible structure system: numerical consider the problem of active reduction of vibrations in a fluid-flexible structure system and the sloshing of the fuel inside the wing's tank. The control is performed using piezoelectric patches

  16. Phase structure of an Abelian two-Higgs model and high temperature superconductors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. N. Chernodub; E. -M. Ilgenfritz; A. Schiller


    We study the phase structure of a three dimensional Abelian Higgs model with singly- and doubly-charged scalar fields coupled to a compact Abelian gauge field. The model is pretending to describe systems of strongly correlated electrons such as high-Tc superconductivity in overdoped regime and exotic phases supporting excitations with fractionalized quantum numbers. We identify the Fermi liquid, the spin gap, the superconductor and the strange metallic phases in which densities and properties of holon and spinon vortices and monopoles are explored. The phase diagram in the 3D coupling space is predicted. We show that at sufficiently strong gauge coupling the spinon-pair and holon condensation transitions merge together and become, unexpectedly, first order.

  17. Shock structure and temperature overshoot in macroscopic multi-temperature model of mixtures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Madjarevi?, Damir, E-mail:; Simi?, Srboljub, E-mail: [Department of Mechanics, Faculty of Technical Sciences, University of Novi Sad, Trg Dositeja Obradovi?a 6, 21000 Novi Sad (Serbia); Ruggeri, Tommaso, E-mail: [Department of Mathematics and Research Center of Applied Mathematics, University of Bologna, Via Saragozza 8, 40123 Bologna (Italy)


    The paper discusses the shock structure in macroscopic multi-temperature model of gaseous mixtures, recently established within the framework of extended thermodynamics. The study is restricted to weak and moderate shocks in a binary mixture of ideal gases with negligible viscosity and heat conductivity. The model predicts the existence of temperature overshoot of heavier constituent, like more sophisticated approaches, but also puts in evidence its non-monotonic behavior not documented in other studies. This phenomenon is explained as a consequence of weak energy exchange between the constituents, either due to large mass difference, or large rarefaction of the mixture. In the range of small Mach number it is also shown that shock thickness (or equivalently, the inverse of Knudsen number) decreases with the increase of Mach number, as well as when the mixture tends to behave like a single-component gas (small mass difference and/or presence of one constituent in traces)

  18. A coarse-grained model with implicit salt for RNAs: Predicting 3D structure, stability and salt effect

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shi, Ya-Zhou; Wang, Feng-Hua; Wu, Yuan-Yan; Tan, Zhi-Jie, E-mail: [Department of Physics and Key Laboratory of Artificial Micro- and Nano-Structures of Ministry of Education, School of Physics and Technology, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072 (China)


    To bridge the gap between the sequences and 3-dimensional (3D) structures of RNAs, some computational models have been proposed for predicting RNA 3D structures. However, the existed models seldom consider the conditions departing from the room/body temperature and high salt (1M NaCl), and thus generally hardly predict the thermodynamics and salt effect. In this study, we propose a coarse-grained model with implicit salt for RNAs to predict 3D structures, stability, and salt effect. Combined with Monte Carlo simulated annealing algorithm and a coarse-grained force field, the model folds 46 tested RNAs (?45 nt) including pseudoknots into their native-like structures from their sequences, with an overall mean RMSD of 3.5 Å and an overall minimum RMSD of 1.9 Å from the experimental structures. For 30 RNA hairpins, the present model also gives the reliable predictions for the stability and salt effect with the mean deviation ? 1.0 °C of melting temperatures, as compared with the extensive experimental data. In addition, the model could provide the ensemble of possible 3D structures for a short RNA at a given temperature/salt condition.

  19. Model test of wave forces on a structurally dense jacket platform

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gu, G.Z.; Parsley, M.A.; Berek, E.P.; Calvo, J.J.; Johnson, R.C.; Petruska, D.J. [Mobil Technology Co., Dallas, TX (United States)


    In the Gulf of Mexico, there are a significant number of jacket platforms built in the 1950`s and 60`s which are still in operation. Typically, these platforms have a large number of closely spaced legs and densely arranged bracing members. Since most of these platforms are beyond their design lives but the reservoirs are still producing, their safety, serviceability and fitness-for-purpose must be re-assessed in order to continue producing from them. During Mobil`s in-house re-qualification effort, it was found that the predictions by structural analysis programs (such as SACS and KARMA) were inconsistent with the platform inspection results. The programs predicted a large number of joint can failures during design storms (such as hurricane Andrew), but underwater inspections indicated only few failures had actually occurred. It was apparent that the procedure used for the assessment was conservative--either the wave loads the platforms experienced during the hurricanes were overestimated and/or the structural resistances were underestimated. This paper addresses the wave load issue. To calibrate the force algorithms typically used in structural analysis programs, a model test of a typical aging jacket platform was conducted in the wave basin.

  20. Special relativity as the limit of an Aristotelian universal friction theory under Reye's assumption

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    E. Minguzzi


    This work explores a classical mechanical theory under two further assumptions: (a) there is a universal dry friction force (Aristotelian mechanics), and (b) the variation of the mass of a body due to wear is proportional to the work done by the friction force on the body (Reye's hypothesis). It is shown that mass depends on velocity as in Special Relativity, and that the velocity is constant for a particular characteristic value. In the limit of vanishing friction the theory satisfies a relativity principle as bodies do not decelerate and, therefore, the absolute frame becomes unobservable. However, the limit theory is not Newtonian mechanics, with its Galilei group symmetry, but rather Special Relativity. This result suggests to regard Special Relativity as the limit of a theory presenting universal friction and exchange of mass-energy with a reservoir (vacuum). Thus, quite surprisingly, Special Relativity follows from the absolute space (ether) concept and could have been discovered following studies of Aristotelian mechanics and friction. We end the work confronting the full theory with observations. It predicts the Hubble law through tired light, and hence it is incompatible with supernova light curves unless both mechanisms of tired light (locally) and universe expansion (non-locally) are at work. It also nicely accounts for some challenging numerical coincidences involving phenomena under low acceleration.


    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tocchini-Valentini, Domenico; Barnard, Michael; Bennett, Charles L.; Szalay, Alexander S., E-mail: [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Johns Hopkins University, 3400 North Charles Street, Baltimore, MD 21218-2686 (United States)


    We present a method to extract the redshift-space distortion {beta} parameter in configuration space with a minimal set of cosmological assumptions. We show that a novel combination of the observed monopole and quadrupole correlation functions can remove efficiently the impact of mild nonlinearities and redshift errors. The method offers a series of convenient properties: it does not depend on the theoretical linear correlation function, the mean galaxy density is irrelevant, only convolutions are used, and there is no explicit dependence on linear bias. Analyses based on dark matter N-body simulations and Fisher matrix demonstrate that errors of a few percent on {beta} are possible with a full-sky, 1 (h {sup -1} Gpc){sup 3} survey centered at a redshift of unity and with negligible shot noise. We also find a baryonic feature in the normalized quadrupole in configuration space that should complicate the extraction of the growth parameter from the linear theory asymptote, but that does not have a major impact on our method.

  2. RESIK Solar X-ray flare element abundances on a non-isothermal assumption

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sylwester, B; Sylwester, J; Kepa, A


    Solar X-ray spectra from the RESIK crystal spectrometer on the {\\em CORONAS-F} spacecraft (spectral range $3.3-6.1$~\\AA) are analyzed for thirty-three flares using a method to derive abundances of Si, S, Ar, and K, emission lines of which feature prominently in the spectra. For each spectrum, the method first optimizes element abundances then derives the differential emission measure as a function of temperature based on a procedure given by Sylwester et al. and Withbroe. This contrasts with our previous analyses of RESIK spectra in which an isothermal assumption was used. The revised abundances (on a logarithmic scale with $A({\\rm H}) = 12$) averaged for all the flares in the analysis are $A({\\rm Si}) = 7.53 \\pm 0.08$ (previously $7.89 \\pm 0.13$), $A({\\rm S}) = 6.91 \\pm 0.07$ ($7.16 \\pm 0.17$), $A({\\rm Ar}) = 6.47 \\pm 0.08$ ($6.45 \\pm 0.07$), and $A({\\rm K}) = 5.73 \\pm 0.19$ ($5.86 \\pm 0.20$), with little evidence for time variations of abundances within the evolution of each flare. Our previous estimates of...

  3. Methodology for characterizing modeling and discretization uncertainties in computational simulation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)



    This research effort focuses on methodology for quantifying the effects of model uncertainty and discretization error on computational modeling and simulation. The work is directed towards developing methodologies which treat model form assumptions within an overall framework for uncertainty quantification, for the purpose of developing estimates of total prediction uncertainty. The present effort consists of work in three areas: framework development for sources of uncertainty and error in the modeling and simulation process which impact model structure; model uncertainty assessment and propagation through Bayesian inference methods; and discretization error estimation within the context of non-deterministic analysis.


    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bogdan, Akos; Forman, William R.; Vogelsberger, Mark; Sijacki, Debora; Mazzotta, Pasquale; Kraft, Ralph P.; Jones, Christine; David, Laurence P. [Harvard Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); Bourdin, Herve [Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita degli Studi di Roma 'Tor Vergata', via della Ricerca Scientifica 1, I-00133 Roma (Italy); Gilfanov, Marat; Churazov, Eugene, E-mail: [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Astrophysik, Karl-Schwarzschild-str. 1, D-85748 Garching (Germany)


    Luminous X-ray gas coronae in the dark matter halos of massive spiral galaxies are a fundamental prediction of structure formation models, yet only a few such coronae have been detected so far. In this paper, we study the hot X-ray coronae beyond the optical disks of two 'normal' massive spirals, NGC 1961 and NGC 6753. Based on XMM-Newton X-ray observations, hot gaseous emission is detected to {approx}60 kpc-well beyond their optical radii. The hot gas has a best-fit temperature of kT {approx} 0.6 keV and an abundance of {approx}0.1 Solar, and exhibits a fairly uniform distribution, suggesting that the quasi-static gas resides in hydrostatic equilibrium in the potential well of the galaxies. The bolometric luminosity of the gas in the (0.05-0.15)r{sub 200} region (r{sub 200} is the virial radius) is {approx}6 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 40} erg s{sup -1} for both galaxies. The baryon mass fractions of NGC 1961 and NGC 6753 are f{sub b,NGC1961} {approx} 0.11 and f{sub b,NGC6753} {approx} 0.09, which values fall short of the cosmic baryon fraction. The hot coronae around NGC 1961 and NGC 6753 offer an excellent basis to probe structure formation simulations. To this end, the observations are confronted with the moving mesh code AREPO and the smoothed particle hydrodynamics code GADGET. Although neither model gives a perfect description, the observed luminosities, gas masses, and abundances favor the AREPO code. Moreover, the shape and the normalization of the observed density profiles are better reproduced by AREPO within {approx}0.5r{sub 200}. However, neither model incorporates efficient feedback from supermassive black holes or supernovae, which could alter the simulated properties of the X-ray coronae. With the further advance of numerical models, the present observations will be essential in constraining the feedback effects in structure formation simulations.


    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kunzelman, K. S.; Einstein, Daniel R.; Cochran, R. P.


    Successful mitral valve repair is dependent upon a full understanding of normal and abnormal mitral valve anatomy and function. Computational analysis is one such method that can be applied to simulate mitral valve function in order to analyze the roles of individual components, and evaluate proposed surgical repair. We developed the first three-dimensional, finite element (FE) computer model of the mitral valve including leaflets and chordae tendineae, however, one critical aspect that has been missing until the last few years was the evaluation of fluid flow, as coupled to the function of the mitral valve structure. We present here our latest results for normal function and specific pathologic changes using a fluid-structure interaction (FSI) model. Normal valve function was first assessed, followed by pathologic material changes in collagen fiber volume fraction, fiber stiffness, fiber splay, and isotropic stiffness. Leaflet and chordal stress and strain, and papillary muscle force was determined. In addition, transmitral flow, time to leaflet closure, and heart valve sound were assessed. Model predictions in the normal state agreed well with a wide range of available in-vivo and in-vitro data. Further, pathologic material changes that preserved the anisotropy of the valve leaflets were found to preserve valve function. By contrast, material changes that altered the anisotropy of the valve were found to profoundly alter valve function. The addition of blood flow and an experimentally driven microstructural description of mitral tissue represent significant advances in computational studies of the mitral valve, which allow further insight to be gained. This work is another building block in the foundation of a computational framework to aid in the refinement and development of a truly noninvasive diagnostic evaluation of the mitral valve. Ultimately, it represents the basis for simulation of surgical repair of pathologic valves in a clinical and educational setting.

  6. Optimization of the GB/SA Solvation Model for Predicting the Structure of Surface Loops in Proteins

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meirovitch, Hagai

    Optimization of the GB/SA Solvation Model for Predicting the Structure of Surface Loops in ProteinsVed: October 10, 2005; In Final Form: December 1, 2005 Implicit solvation models are commonly optimized the force field is sometimes not considered. In previous studies, we have developed an optimization

  7. Learning Unknown Event Models Matthew Molineaux1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gupta, Kalyan Moy

    , which describes how the environment changes. We relax the completeness assumption; events occur in our an autonomous underwater vehicle (AUV) that detects an unexpected underwater oil plume for which it has no model of assumptions about the initial state. DISCOVERHISTOR

  8. Modeling the Structural Response from a Propagating High Explosive Using Smooth Particle Hydrodynamics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Margraf, J


    This report primarily concerns the use of two massively parallel finite element codes originally written and maintained at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. ALE3D is an explicit hydrodynamics code commonly employed to simulate wave propagation from high energy scenarios and the resulting interaction with nearby structures. This coupled response ensures that a structure is accurately applied with a blast loading varying both in space and time. Figure 1 illustrates the radial outward propagation of a pressure wave due to a center detonated spherical explosive originating from the lower left. The radial symmetry seen in this scenario is lost when instead a cylindrocal charge is detonated. Figure 2 indicates that a stronger, faster traveling pressure wave occurs in the direction of the normal axis to the cylinder. The ALE3D name is derived because of the use of arbitrary-Lagrange-Eulerian elements in which the mesh is allowed to advect; a process through which the mesh is modified to alleviate tanlging and general mesh distortion often cuased by high energy scenarios. The counterpart to an advecting element is a Lagrange element, whose mesh moves with the material. Ideally all structural components are kept Lagrange as long as possible to preserve accuracy of material variables and minimize advection related errors. Advection leads to mixed zoning, so using structural Lagrange elements also improves the visualization when post processing the results. A simplified representation of the advection process is shown in Figure 3. First the mesh is distorted due to material motion during the Lagrange step. The mesh is then shifted to an idealized and less distorted state to prevent irregular zones caused by the Lagrange motion. Lastly, the state variables are remapped to the elements of the newly constructed mesh. Note that Figure 3 represents a purely Eulerian mesh relaxation because the mesh is relocated back to the pre-Lagrange position. This is the case when the material flows through a still mesh. This is not typically done in an ALE3D analysis, especially if Lagrange elements exist. Deforming Lagrange elements would certainly tangle with a Eulerian mesh eventually. The best method in this case is to have an advecting mesh positioned as some relaxed version of the pre and post Lagrange step; this gives the best opportunity of modeling a high energy event with a combination of Lagrange and ALE elements. Dyne3D is another explicit dynamic analysis code, ParaDyn being the parallel version. ParaDyn is used for predicting the transient response of three dimensional structures using Lagrangian solid mechanics. Large deformation and mesh tangling is often resolved through the use of an element deletion scheme. This is useful to accommodate component failure, but if it is done purely as a means to preserve a useful mesh it can lead to problems because it does not maintain continuity of the material bulk response. Whatever medium exists between structural components is typically not modeled in ParaDyn. Instead, a structure either has a known loading profile applied or given initial conditions. The many included contact algorithms can calculate the loading response of materials if and when they collide. A recent implementation of an SPH module in which failed or deleted material nodes are converted to independent particles is currently being utilized for a variety of spall related problems and high velocity impact scenarios. Figure 4 shows an example of a projectile, given an initial velocity, and how it fails the first plate which generates SPH particles which then interact with and damage the second plate.

  9. Infrared behavior and fixed-point structure in the compactified Ginzburg--Landau model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    C. A. Linhares; A. P. C. Malbouisson; M. L. Souza


    We consider the Euclidean $N$-component Ginzburg--Landau model in $D$ dimensions, of which $d$ ($d\\leq D$) of them are compactified. As usual, temperature is introduced through the mass term in the Hamiltonian. This model can be interpreted as describing a system in a region of the $D$-dimensional space, limited by $d$ pairs of parallel planes, orthogonal to the coordinates axis $x_1,\\,x_2,\\,...,\\,x_d$. The planes in each pair are separated by distances $L_1,\\;L_2,\\; ...,\\,L_d$. For $D=3$, from a physical point of view, the system can be supposed to describe, in the cases of $d=1$, $d=2$, and $d=3$, respectively, a superconducting material in the form of a film, of an infinitely long wire having a retangular cross-section and of a brick-shaped grain. We investigate in the large-$N$ limit the fixed-point structure of the model, in the absence or presence of an external magnetic field. An infrared-stable fixed point is found, whether of not an external magnetic field is applied, but for different ranges of values of the space dimension $ D$.

  10. The Structure of Water in Crystalline Aluminophosphates: Isolated Water and Intermolecular Clusters Probed by Raman Spectroscopy, NMR and Structural Modeling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goddard III, William A.

    The Structure of Water in Crystalline Aluminophosphates: Isolated Water and Intermolecular Clusters are used to elucidate the properties of water in Metavariscite, AlPO4-H3, AlPO4-8 and VPI-5. The framework density of the aluminophosphates decreases along this sequence, the pore size increases, and the water

  11. Modeling electronic structure and transport properties of graphene with resonant scattering centers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shengjun Yuan; Hans De Raedt; Mikhail I. Katsnelson


    We present a detailed numerical study of the electronic properties of single-layer graphene with resonant ("hydrogen") impurities and vacancies within a framework of noninteracting tight-binding model on a honeycomb lattice. The algorithms are based on the numerical solution of the time-dependent Schr\\"{o}dinger equation and applied to calculate the density of states, \\textit{quasieigenstates}, AC and DC conductivities of large samples containing millions of atoms. Our results give a consistent picture of evolution of electronic structure and transport properties of functionalized graphene in a broad range of concentration of impurities (from graphene to graphane), and show that the formation of impurity band is the main factor determining electrical and optical properties at intermediate impurity concentrations, together with a gap opening when approaching the graphane limit.

  12. The variation of the fine structure constant: testing the dipole model with thermonuclear supernovae

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kraiselburd, Lucila; Negrelli, Carolina; Berro, Enrique García


    The large-number hypothesis conjectures that fundamental constants may vary. Accordingly, the spacetime variation of fundamental constants has been an active subject of research for decades. Recently, using data obtained with large telescopes a phenomenological model in which the fine structure constant might vary spatially has been proposed. We test whether this hypothetical spatial variation of {\\alpha}, which follows a dipole law, is compatible with the data of distant thermonuclear supernovae. Unlike previous works, in our calculations we consider not only the variation of the luminosity distance when a varying {\\alpha} is adopted, but we also take into account the variation of the peak luminosity of Type Ia supernovae resulting from a variation of {\\alpha}. This is done using an empirical relation for the peak bolometric magnitude of thermonuclear supernovae that correctly reproduces the results of detailed numerical simulations. We find that there is no significant difference between the several phenome...

  13. A Spectral Element Approach for Modeling of Wave-Based Structural Health Monitoring Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schulte, Rolf T.; Fritzen, Claus-Peter [Institute of Mechanics and Control-Mechatronics, University of Siegen, Paul-Bonatz-Str. 9-11, 57076 Siegen (Germany)


    During the last decades, guided waves have shown great potential for Structural Health Monitoring (SHM) applications. These waves can be excited and sensed by piezoelectric elements that can be permanently attached onto a structure offering online monitoring capability. As the setup of wave based SHM systems may be very difficult and time consuming there is a growing demand for efficient simulation tools providing the opportunity to design wave based SHM systems in a virtual environment. As usually high frequency waves are used, the associated short wavelength leads to the necessity of a very dense mesh, which makes conventional finite elements not well suited for this purpose. Therefore a flat shell spectral element approach is presented in this contribution. By including electromechanical coupling an SHM system can be simulated entirely from actuator voltage to sensor voltage. The focus of this contribution is the analysis of the effect of delaminations on propagating waves. A forward increment Lagrange multiplier method is used to simulate contact within the delaminated area. A model validation is performed using measured data of an anisotropic CFRP-plate.

  14. Structure and Evolution of Giant Cells in Global Models of Solar Convection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mark S. Miesch; Allan Sacha Brun; Marc L. Derosa; Juri Toomre


    The global scales of solar convection are studied through three-dimensional simulations of compressible convection carried out in spherical shells of rotating fluid which extend from the base of the convection zone to within 15 Mm of the photosphere. Such modelling at the highest spatial resolution to date allows study of distinctly turbulent convection, revealing that coherent downflow structures associated with giant cells continue to play a significant role in maintaining the strong differential rotation that is achieved. These giant cells at lower latitudes exhibit prograde propagation relative to the mean zonal flow, or differential rotation, that they establish, and retrograde propagation of more isotropic structures with vortical character at mid and high latitudes. The interstices of the downflow networks often possess strong and compact cyclonic flows. The evolving giant-cell downflow systems can be partly masked by the intense smaller scales of convection driven closer to the surface, yet they are likely to be detectable with the helioseismic probing that is now becoming available. Indeed, the meandering streams and varying cellular subsurface flows revealed by helioseismology must be sampling contributions from the giant cells, yet it is difficult to separate out these signals from those attributed to the faster horizontal flows of supergranulation. To aid in such detection, we use our simulations to describe how the properties of giant cells may be expected to vary with depth, how their patterns evolve in time, and analyze the statistical features of correlations within these complex flow fields.

  15. Structure of A=7 iso-triplet $?$ hypernuclei studied with he four-body model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    E. Hiyama; Y. Yamamoto; T. Motoba; M. Kamimura


    The structure of the T=1 iso-triplet hypernuclei, $^7_{\\Lambda}$He, $^7_{\\Lambda}$Li and $^7_{\\Lambda}$Be within the framework of an $\\alpha +\\Lambda +N+N$ four-body cluster model is studied. Interactions between the constituent subunits are determined so as to reproduce reasonably well the observed low-energy properties of the $\\alpha N$, $\\alpha \\Lambda$, $\\alpha NN$ and $\\alpha \\Lambda N$ subsystems. Furthermore, the two-body $\\Lambda N$ interaction is adjusted so as to reproduce the $0^+$-$1^+$ splitting of $^4_{\\Lambda}$H. Also a phenomenological $\\Lambda N$ charge symmetry breaking(CSB) interaction is introduced. The $\\Lambda$ binding energy of the ground state in $^7_{\\Lambda}$He is predicted to be 5.16(5.36) MeV with(without) the CSB interaction. The calculated energy splittings of the $3/2^+$-$5/2^+$ states in $^7_{\\Lambda}$He and $^7_{\\Lambda}$Li are around 0.1 MeV. We point out that there is a three-layer structure of the matter distribution, $\\alpha$ particle, $\\Lambda$ skin, proton or neutron halo, in the $^7_{\\Lambda}{\\rm He}(J=5/2^+)$, $^7_{\\Lambda}{\\rm Li}(J=5/2^+)$ and $^7_{\\Lambda}{\\rm Be}(J=1/2^+)$ states.

  16. Lattice and off-lattice side chain models of protein folding: Linear time structure prediction better than 86% of optimal

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hart, W.E.; Istrail, S. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States). Algorithms and Discrete Mathematics Dept.


    This paper considers the protein structure prediction problem for lattice and off-lattice protein folding models that explicitly represent side chains. Lattice models of proteins have proven extremely useful tools for reasoning about protein folding in unrestricted continuous space through analogy. This paper provides the first illustration of how rigorous algorithmic analyses of lattice models can lead to rigorous algorithmic analyses of off-lattice models. The authors consider two side chain models: a lattice model that generalizes the HP model (Dill 85) to explicitly represent side chains on the cubic lattice, and a new off-lattice model, the HP Tangent Spheres Side Chain model (HP-TSSC), that generalizes this model further by representing the backbone and side chains of proteins with tangent spheres. They describe algorithms for both of these models with mathematically guaranteed error bounds. In particular, the authors describe a linear time performance guaranteed approximation algorithm for the HP side chain model that constructs conformations whose energy is better than 865 of optimal in a face centered cubic lattice, and they demonstrate how this provides a 70% performance guarantee for the HP-TSSC model. This is the first algorithm in the literature for off-lattice protein structure prediction that has a rigorous performance guarantee. The analysis of the HP-TSSC model builds off of the work of Dancik and Hannenhalli who have developed a 16/30 approximation algorithm for the HP model on the hexagonal close packed lattice. Further, the analysis provides a mathematical methodology for transferring performance guarantees on lattices to off-lattice models. These results partially answer the open question of Karplus et al. concerning the complexity of protein folding models that include side chains.

  17. Cosmogony of Generic Structures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    T. Buchert


    The problem of formation of generic structures in the Universe is addressed, whereby first the kinematics of inertial continua for coherent initial data is considered. The generalization to self--gravitating continua is outlined focused on the classification problem of singularities and metamorphoses arising in the density field. Self--gravity gives rise to an internal hierarchy of structures, and, dropping the assumption of coherence, also to an external hierarchy of structures dependent on the initial power spectrum of fluctuations.

  18. Possible variations of the fine structure constant $?$ and their metrological significance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    K. A. Bronnikov; S. A. Kononogov


    We briefly review the recent experimental results on possible variations of the fine structure constant $\\alpha$ on the cosmological time scale and its position dependence. We outline the theoretical grounds for the assumption that $\\alpha$ might be variable, mention some phenomenological models incorporating a variable $\\alpha$ into the context of modern cosmology and discuss the significance of possible $\\alpha$ variations for theoretical and practical metrology.

  19. Modeling precursor diffusion and reaction of atomic layer deposition in porous structures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Keuter, Thomas, E-mail:; Menzler, Norbert Heribert; Mauer, Georg; Vondahlen, Frank; Vaßen, Robert; Buchkremer, Hans Peter [Forschungszentrum Jülich, Institute of Energy and Climate Research (IEK-1), 52425 Jülich (Germany)


    Atomic layer deposition (ALD) is a technique for depositing thin films of materials with a precise thickness control and uniformity using the self-limitation of the underlying reactions. Usually, it is difficult to predict the result of the ALD process for given external parameters, e.g., the precursor exposure time or the size of the precursor molecules. Therefore, a deeper insight into ALD by modeling the process is needed to improve process control and to achieve more economical coatings. In this paper, a detailed, microscopic approach based on the model developed by Yanguas-Gil and Elam is presented and additionally compared with the experiment. Precursor diffusion and second-order reaction kinetics are combined to identify the influence of the porous substrate's microstructural parameters and the influence of precursor properties on the coating. The thickness of the deposited film is calculated for different depths inside the porous structure in relation to the precursor exposure time, the precursor vapor pressure, and other parameters. Good agreement with experimental results was obtained for ALD zirconiumdioxide (ZrO{sub 2}) films using the precursors tetrakis(ethylmethylamido)zirconium and O{sub 2}. The derivation can be adjusted to describe other features of ALD processes, e.g., precursor and reactive site losses, different growth modes, pore size reduction, and surface diffusion.

  20. Seismic Soil-Structure Interaction Analyses of a Deeply Embedded Model Reactor – SASSI Analyses

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nie J.; Braverman J.; Costantino, M.


    This report summarizes the SASSI analyses of a deeply embedded reactor model performed by BNL and CJC and Associates, as part of the seismic soil-structure interaction (SSI) simulation capability project for the NEAMS (Nuclear Energy Advanced Modeling and Simulation) Program of the Department of Energy. The SASSI analyses included three cases: 0.2 g, 0.5 g, and 0.9g, all of which refer to nominal peak accelerations at the top of the bedrock. The analyses utilized the modified subtraction method (MSM) for performing the seismic SSI evaluations. Each case consisted of two analyses: input motion in one horizontal direction (X) and input motion in the vertical direction (Z), both of which utilized the same in-column input motion. Besides providing SASSI results for use in comparison with the time domain SSI results obtained using the DIABLO computer code, this study also leads to the recognition that the frequency-domain method should be modernized so that it can better serve its mission-critical role for analysis and design of nuclear power plants.

  1. Exact Coherent Structures and Chaotic Dynamics in a Model of Cardiac Tissue

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greg Byrne; Christopher D. Marcotte; Roman O. Grigoriev


    Unstable nonchaotic solutions embedded in the chaotic attractor can provide significant new insight into chaotic dynamics of both low- and high-dimensional systems. In particular, in turbulent fluid flows, such unstable solutions are referred to as exact coherent structures (ECS) and play an important role in both initiating and sustaining turbulence. The nature of ECS and their role in organizing spatiotemporally chaotic dynamics, however, is reasonably well understood only for systems on relatively small spatial domains lacking continuous Euclidean symmetries. Construction of ECS on large domains and in the presence of continuous translational and/or rotational symmetries remains a challenge. This is especially true for models of excitable media which display spiral turbulence and for which the standard approach to computing ECS completely breaks down. This paper uses the Karma model of cardiac tissue to illustrate a potential approach that could allow computing a new class of ECS on large domains of arbitrary shape by decomposing them into a patchwork of solutions on smaller domains, or tiles, which retain Euclidean symmetries locally.


    SciTech Connect (OSTI)



    As part of a verification test program for seismic analysis codes for NPP structures, the Nuclear Power Engineering Corporation (NUPEC) of Japan has conducted a series of field model test programs to ensure the adequacy of methodologies employed for seismic analyses of NPP structures. A collaborative program between the United States and Japan was developed to study seismic issues related to NPP applications. The US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) and its contractor, Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), are participating in this program to apply common analysis procedures to predict both free field and soil-structure interaction (SSI) responses to recorded earthquake events, including embedment and dynamic cross interaction (DCI) effects. This paper describes the BNL effort to predict seismic responses of the large-scale realistic model structures for reactor and turbine buildings at the NUPEC test facility in northern Japan. The NUPEC test program has collected a large amount of recorded earthquake response data (both free-field and in-structure) from these test model structures. The BNL free-field analyses were performed with the CARES program while the SSI analyses were preformed using the SASS12000 computer code. The BNL analysis includes both embedded and excavated conditions, as well as the DCI effect, The BNL analysis results and their comparisons to the NUPEC recorded responses are presented in the paper.


    SciTech Connect (OSTI)



    As part of a verification test program for seismic analysis codes for NPP structures, the Nuclear Power Engineering Corporation (NUPEC) of Japan has conducted a series of field model test programs to ensure the adequacy of methodologies employed for seismic analyses of NPP structures. A collaborative program between the United States and Japan was developed to study seismic issues related to NPP applications. The US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) and its contractor, Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), are participating in this program to apply common analysis procedures to predict both free field and soil-structure Interaction (SSI) responses to recorded earthquake events, including embedment and dynamic cross interaction (DCI) effects. This paper describes the BNL effort to predict seismic responses of the large-scale realistic model structures for reactor and turbine buildings at the NUPEC test facility in northern Japan. The NUPEC test program has collected a large amount of recorded earthquake response data (both free-field and in-structure) from these test model structures. The BNL free-field analyses were performed with the CARES program while the SSI analyses were preformed using the SASS12000 computer code. The BNL analysis includes both embedded and excavated conditions, as well as the DCI effect, The BNL analysis results and their comparisons to the NUPEC recorded responses are presented in the paper.

  4. Modeling coupled blast/structure interaction with Zapotec, benchmark calculations for the Conventional Weapon Effects Backfill (CONWEB) tests.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bessette, Gregory Carl


    Modeling the response of buried reinforced concrete structures subjected to close-in detonations of conventional high explosives poses a challenge for a number of reasons. Foremost, there is the potential for coupled interaction between the blast and structure. Coupling enters the problem whenever the structure deformation affects the stress state in the neighboring soil, which in turn, affects the loading on the structure. Additional challenges for numerical modeling include handling disparate degrees of material deformation encountered in the structure and surrounding soil, modeling the structure details (e.g., modeling the concrete with embedded reinforcement, jointed connections, etc.), providing adequate mesh resolution, and characterizing the soil response under blast loading. There are numerous numerical approaches for modeling this class of problem (e.g., coupled finite element/smooth particle hydrodynamics, arbitrary Lagrange-Eulerian methods, etc.). The focus of this work will be the use of a coupled Euler-Lagrange (CEL) solution approach. In particular, the development and application of a CEL capability within the Zapotec code is described. Zapotec links two production codes, CTH and Pronto3D. CTH, an Eulerian shock physics code, performs the Eulerian portion of the calculation, while Pronto3D, an explicit finite element code, performs the Lagrangian portion. The two codes are run concurrently with the appropriate portions of a problem solved on their respective computational domains. Zapotec handles the coupling between the two domains. The application of the CEL methodology within Zapotec for modeling coupled blast/structure interaction will be investigated by a series of benchmark calculations. These benchmarks rely on data from the Conventional Weapons Effects Backfill (CONWEB) test series. In these tests, a 15.4-lb pipe-encased C-4 charge was detonated in soil at a 5-foot standoff from a buried test structure. The test structure was composed of a reinforced concrete slab bolted to a reaction structure. Both the slab thickness and soil media were varied in the test series. The wealth of data obtained from these tests along with the variations in experimental setups provide ample opportunity to assess the robustness of the Zapotec CEL methodology.

  5. READ AND SIGN THE PARTIAL ASSUMPTION OF RISK ON REVERSE Risk Management 12/2012 Risk Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oregon, University of

    READ AND SIGN THE PARTIAL ASSUMPTION OF RISK ON REVERSE Risk Management 12/2012 Risk Management Conditions of Volunteer Service Please send completed form to the Office of Risk Management: riskmanagement ___________________________________________ (name/title of department supervisor) and the Office of Risk Management, (541) 346-8316, within 24 hours

  6. Impact of assumption of log-normal distribution on monthly rainfall estimation from TMI

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Dong Heon


    of the raining atmosphere in order to predict brightness temperature for a given rainfall rate. This method was first explored by Wilheit et al. (1977), who developed a theoretical model for quantitatively relating the microwave radiance to rain rate over... the oceans. Wu and Weinman (1984) developed a microwave radiative transfer model of the radiance emitted by precipitating clouds containing ice, combined ice, and water hydrometeors. They found that intense storms produced ice-scattering signatures...

  7. Phase structure and Higgs boson mass in a Higgs-Yukawa model with a dimension-6 operator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    David Y. -J. Chu; Karl Jansen; Bastian Knippschild; C. -J. David Lin; Kei-Ichi Nagai; Attila Nagy


    We investigate the impact of a $\\lambda_6 \\varphi^6$ term included in a chirally invariant lattice Higgs-Yukawa model. Such a term could emerge from BSM physics at some larger energy scale. We map out the phase structure of the Higgs-Yukawa model with positive $\\lambda_6$ and negative quartic self coupling of the scalar fields. To this end, we evaluate the constraint effective potential in lattice perturbation theory and also determine the magnetization of the model via numerical simulations which allow us to reach also non-perturbative values of the couplings. As a result, we find a complex phase structure with first and second order phase transitions identified through the magnetization. Further we analyze the effect of such a $\\varphi^6$ term on the lower Higgs boson mass bound to see, whether the standard model lower mass bound can be altered.

  8. Structural Patterns for the Transformation of Business Process Models This research has partly been funded by the Austrian Federal Ministry for Education, Science, and Culture,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Structural Patterns for the Transformation of Business Process Models This research has Abstract Due to company mergers and business to business interoperability, there is a need for model transformations in the area of business process modeling to facilitate scenarios like model integration and model

  9. An equilibrium double-twist model for the radial structure of collagen fibrils

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aidan I Brown; Laurent Kreplak; Andrew D Rutenberg


    Mammalian tissues contain networks and ordered arrays of collagen fibrils originating from the periodic self-assembly of helical 300 nm long tropocollagen complexes. The fibril radius is typically between 25 to 250 nm, and tropocollagen at the surface appears to exhibit a characteristic twist-angle with respect to the fibril axis. Similar fibril radii and twist-angles at the surface are observed in vitro, suggesting that these features are controlled by a similar self-assembly process. In this work, we propose a physical mechanism of equilibrium radius control for collagen fibrils based on a radially varying double-twist alignment of tropocollagen within a collagen fibril. The free-energy of alignment is similar to that of liquid crystalline blue phases, and we employ an analytic Euler-Lagrange and numerical free energy minimization to determine the twist-angle between the molecular axis and the fibril axis along the radial direction. Competition between the different elastic energy components, together with a surface energy, determines the equilibrium radius and twist-angle at the fibril surface. A simplified model with a twist-angle that is linear with radius is a reasonable approximation in some parameter regimes, and explains a power-law dependence of radius and twist-angle at the surface as parameters are varied. Fibril radius and twist-angle at the surface corresponding to an equilibrium free-energy minimum are consistent with existing experimental measurements of collagen fibrils. Remarkably, in the experimental regime, all of our model parameters are important for controlling equilibrium structural parameters of collagen fibrils.

  10. Detecting the Causes of Ill-Conditioning in Structural Finite Element Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Higham, Nicholas J.

    .6 of the finite element-based structural analysis package Oasys GSA was released. A new feature in this release

  11. M. Bahrami ENSC 461 (S 11) IC Engines 1 Air Standard Assumptions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bahrami, Majid

    is provided by burning fuel within the system boundaries, i.e., internal combustion engines. The following. Internal Combustion Engines 1. spark ignition engines: a mixture of fuel and air is ignited by a spark in (ideal) power cycles are internally reversible. 3- Combustion process is modeled by a heat

  12. Development of the in-structure response spectra of the VVER-440 Model 230 Kozloduy Plant

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kostov, M.K. [Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Sofia (BG). Central Lab. for Seismic Mechanics and Earthquake Engineering; Ma, D.C. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States); Prato, C.A. [Univ. of Cordoba (AR); Stevenson, J.D. [Stevenson and Associates, Cleveland, OH (US)


    The Kozloduy NPP is located in the North-West part of Bulgaria on the Danube river. The plant consists of four units of 440 MW and two units of 1,000 MW. In the last 15 years there have been three strong, intermediate depth earthquakes in the Vrancea seismic zone (1977, 1986, 1990) which have affected the NPP site. The Vrancea zone is located approximately 300 km northeast of the plant. It is known for the generation of strong, long-period seismic motions. In 1990 an intensive work program for qualification of the plant according to the international standards (IAEA 1991; IAEA 1992) was initiated. The work started by a project for site confirmation. As a result, new design seismic characteristics were obtained. A Review Level Earthquake is defined by a maximum acceleration of 0.2 g; a response spectrum is shown. The generation of the in-structure response spectra for units 1 and 2 VVER-440 Model 230 is presented in this paper. The coauthors belong to an IAEA Advisory Team assisting the seismic upgrading project of the Kozloduy plant.

  13. Oxygen reduction by lithium on model carbon and oxidized carbon structures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Xu, Ye [ORNL; Shelton Jr, William Allison [ORNL


    Li-air batteries have attracted substantial interest for their high theoretical specific energies, but the oxygen reduction reaction by Li (Li-ORR) that occurs at the carbon cathode remains poorly understood. Periodic density functional theory calculations have been performed to examine the Li-ORR on several model carbon structures, including the graphite(0001) basal plane, the (8,0) single-wall nanotube, the armchair-type edge, and a di-vacancy in the basal plane. The inertness of the basal plane limits the reversible potential of O{sub 2} reduction to 1.1 V, and slightly higher to 1.2 V on the curved nanotube. The armchair edge and di-vacancy are highly reactive and significantly oxidized at ambient conditions to various CO{sub x} groups, which are reduced by Li via redox mechanisms at 1.2-1.4 V. These CO{sub x} groups can also catalyze O{sub 2} reduction at up to 2.3 V (an overpotential of 0.4 V vs. the calculated equilibrium potential for bulk Li{sub 2}O{sub 2} formation) by chelating and stabilizing the LiO{sub 2} intermediate. The Li-ORR on graphitic carbon, if via concerted Li{sup +}/e{sup -} transfer and involving carbon, lithium, and oxygen only, is therefore expected to initiate with the smallest overpotential at under-coordinated carbon centers that are oxidized at ambient conditions.

  14. J. Phys. Chem. 1994, 98, 1245-1249 1245 Structural and Catalytic Properties of Model Supported Nickel Catalysts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goodman, Wayne

    Nickel Catalysts Kent Coulter, Xueping Xu, and D. Wayne Goodman' Department of Chemistry, Texas A" The surface structure and catalytic properties of model silica-supported nickel catalysts have been hydrogenolysis and carbon monoxide methanation. Nickel particles in the range 15-80 %L were vacuum deposited onto

  15. Compiled by OPBA. These assumptions are for modeling purposes only. They are subject to change. Page 1 of 3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vonessen, Nikolaus

    - Initial Fiscal Year 2014/2015 Updated May 21, 2013 High Risk Benefit Rates Going Into FY14 4 Paid in FY2013 for FY2015 See the OPBA website for the preliminary FY14 Administrative Assessment calculations: FY15 Headcount Assessment Paid in FY2012 for FY2014 8


    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wood, D.J.


    effect on the market for space heating technologies. EPRIeffect on the market for space heating technologies, makingpredicted market shares for three different heating/cooling


    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wood, D.J.


    only logit estimate variable name normalized capital costcost estimates by using construction handbooks (for capitalcapital cost coefficient to operating cost coefficient gives an estimate


    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wood, D.J.


    and electric forced-air; heat pumps; and electric baseboard)are conventional air conditioning and heat pump, given theair choice elec forced-air choice heat pump choice elec


    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wood, D.J.


    and Tech- nology Choice in Home Heating and Cooling," LBLTechnology Choice in Home Heating and Cooling" for a more

  20. Developing a decision model to describe levels of self-directedness based upon the key assumptions of andragogy 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richards, Lance Jonathan


    As workplace demands change, a need has developed for alternatives to traditional education. With advancements in electronic telecommunication technologies, distance education has become a viable alternative to traditional ...

  1. A general purpose Fortran 90 electronic structure program for conjugated systems using Pariser-Parr-Pople model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sony, Priya


    Pariser-Parr-Pople (P-P-P) model Hamiltonian has been used extensively over the years to perform calculations of electronic structure and optical properties of $\\pi$-conjugated systems successfully. In spite of tremendous successes of \\emph{ab initio} theory of electronic structure of large systems, the P-P-P model continues to be a popular one because of a recent resurgence in interest in the physics of $\\pi$-conjugated polymers, fullerenes and other carbon based materials. In this paper, we describe a Fortran 90 computer program developed by us, which uses P-P-P model Hamiltonian to not only solve Hartree-Fock (HF) equation for closed- and open-shell systems, but also for performing correlation calculations at the level of single configuration interactions (SCI) for molecular systems. Moreover, the code is capable of computing linear optical absorption spectrum at various levels, such as, tight binding (TB) Hueckel model, HF, SCI, and also of calculating the band structure using the Hueckel model. The code ...

  2. A modeling and control framework for operating large-scale electric power systems under present and newly evolving competitive industry structures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ilic, Marija


    This paper introduces a systematic, structure-based modeling framework for analysis and control of electric power systems for processes evolving over the mid-term and long-term time horizons. Much simpler models than the ...

  3. Characterization of Special Variance Structures for Designs in Model Identification and Discrimination

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Flores, Analisa Marielena


    2 k ? 3.2 Model Information Consider a special search linear model (3.1) as it applies to a fractional factorial design.

  4. Error handling strategies in multiphase inverse modeling

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Finsterle, S.; Zhang, Y.


    Parameter estimation by inverse modeling involves the repeated evaluation of a function of residuals. These residuals represent both errors in the model and errors in the data. In practical applications of inverse modeling of multiphase flow and transport, the error structure of the final residuals often significantly deviates from the statistical assumptions that underlie standard maximum likelihood estimation using the least-squares method. Large random or systematic errors are likely to lead to convergence problems, biased parameter estimates, misleading uncertainty measures, or poor predictive capabilities of the calibrated model. The multiphase inverse modeling code iTOUGH2 supports strategies that identify and mitigate the impact of systematic or non-normal error structures. We discuss these approaches and provide an overview of the error handling features implemented in iTOUGH2.

  5. Aeroelastic Modeling of Offshore Turbines and Support Structures in Hurricane-Prone Regions (Poster)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Damiani, R.


    US offshore wind turbines (OWTs) will likely have to contend with hurricanes and the associated loading conditions. Current industry standards do not account for these design load cases (DLCs), thus a new approach is required to guarantee that the OWTs achieve an appropriate level of reliability. In this study, a sequentially coupled aero-hydro-servo-elastic modeling technique was used to address two design approaches: 1.) The ABS (American Bureau of Shipping) approach; and 2.) The Hazard Curve or API (American Petroleum Institute) approach. The former employs IEC partial load factors (PSFs) and 100-yr return-period (RP) metocean events. The latter allows setting PSFs and RP to a prescribed level of system reliability. The 500-yr RP robustness check (appearing in [2] and [3] upcoming editions) is a good indicator of the target reliability for L2 structures. CAE tools such as NREL's FAST and Bentley's' SACS (offshore analysis and design software) can be efficiently coupled to simulate system loads under hurricane DLCs. For this task, we augmented the latest FAST version (v. 8) to include tower aerodynamic drag that cannot be ignored in hurricane DLCs. In this project, a 6 MW turbine was simulated on a typical 4-legged jacket for a mid-Atlantic site. FAST-calculated tower base loads were fed to SACS at the interface level (transition piece); SACS added hydrodynamic and wind loads on the exposed substructure, and calculated mudline overturning moments, and member and joint utilization. Results show that CAE tools can be effectively used to compare design approaches for the design of OWTs in hurricane regions and to achieve a well-balanced design, where reliability levels and costs are optimized.

  6. Single family heating and cooling requirements: Assumptions, methods, and summary results

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ritschard, R.L.; Hanford, J.W.; Sezgen, A.O. (Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States))


    The research has created a data base of hourly building loads using a state-of-the-art building simulation code (DOE-2.ID) for 8 prototypes, representing pre-1940s to 1990s building practices, in 16 US climates. The report describes the assumed modeling inputs and building operations, defines the building prototypes and selection of base cities, compares the simulation results to both surveyed and measured data sources, and discusses the results. The full data base with hourly space conditioning, water heating, and non-HVAC electricity consumption is available from GRI. In addition, the estimated loads on a per square foot basis are included as well as the peak heating and cooling loads.

  7. Neural Network Modeling of Structured Packing Height Equivalent to a Theoretical Plate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eldridge, R. Bruce

    -transfer ef- ficiency in structured packing. Column designers use the HETP to calculate the height of packing properties of the chemical system, and the operating conditions of the column. In a previous paper, Whaley et a detailed investigation of the parameters which impact the performance of structured packing in distillation

  8. Hidden Markov Models That Use Predicted Local Structure for Fold Recognition: Alphabets of Backbone Geometry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karplus, Kevin

    -state classification of secondary structure that places a residue in one of three categories: helix, sheet, or coil. This is a broad classification, as it provides little information about the coil category that accounts for 45.2,24,25 One group used only secondary structure information to build a template library of HMMs

  9. Dynamics of structures coupled with elastic media -a review of numerical models and methods

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    ), the structure's environment is restricted here to a large and possibly unbounded visco-elastic medium. Under in the field of structure-environment interaction problems, in which the environment is an elastic body and vibration emitted by transportation systems and wave diffraction by obstacles in an elastic medium

  10. Modelling the mechanical interaction between flowing materials and retaining wire structures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gagliardini, Olivier

    Recherche Erosion Torrentielle Neige et Avalanches, Grenoble, France b EI Montagne, Grenoble, France c material and an open structure made of a metallic mesh. This paper presents some theoretical results, first material maintained in part by an open structure, for instance a wire mesh, is frequently encountered


    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Health Monitoring of operating wind turbines is challenging, as those structures are characterized, analyzed and compared within the problem of vibration based fault detection on operating wind turbines. The particular case of operating wind turbines is challeng- ing, as those structures are characterized by complex

  12. Model documentation report: Commercial Sector Demand Module of the National Energy Modeling System

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)



    This report documents the objectives, analytical approach and development of the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) Commercial Sector Demand Module. The report catalogues and describes the model assumptions, computational methodology, parameter estimation techniques, model source code, and forecast results generated through the synthesis and scenario development based on these components. The NEMS Commercial Sector Demand Module is a simulation tool based upon economic and engineering relationships that models commercial sector energy demands at the nine Census Division level of detail for eleven distinct categories of commercial buildings. Commercial equipment selections are performed for the major fuels of electricity, natural gas, and distillate fuel, for the major services of space heating, space cooling, water heating, ventilation, cooking, refrigeration, and lighting. The algorithm also models demand for the minor fuels of residual oil, liquefied petroleum gas, steam coal, motor gasoline, and kerosene, the renewable fuel sources of wood and municipal solid waste, and the minor services of office equipment. Section 2 of this report discusses the purpose of the model, detailing its objectives, primary input and output quantities, and the relationship of the Commercial Module to the other modules of the NEMS system. Section 3 of the report describes the rationale behind the model design, providing insights into further assumptions utilized in the model development process to this point. Section 3 also reviews alternative commercial sector modeling methodologies drawn from existing literature, providing a comparison to the chosen approach. Section 4 details the model structure, using graphics and text to illustrate model flows and key computations.

  13. Structural fluctuations and quantum transport through DNA molecular wires: a combined molecular dynamics and model Hamiltonian approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R. Gutierrez; R. Caetano; P. B. Woiczikowski; T. Kubar; M. Elstner; G. Cuniberti


    Charge transport through a short DNA oligomer (Dickerson dodecamer) in presence of structural fluctuations is investigated using a hybrid computational methodology based on a combination of quantum mechanical electronic structure calculations and classical molecular dynamics simulations with a model Hamiltonian approach. Based on a fragment orbital description, the DNA electronic structure can be coarse-grained in a very efficient way. The influence of dynamical fluctuations arising either from the solvent fluctuations or from base-pair vibrational modes can be taken into account in a straightforward way through time series of the effective DNA electronic parameters, evaluated at snapshots along the MD trajectory. We show that charge transport can be promoted through the coupling to solvent fluctuations, which gate the onsite energies along the DNA wire.

  14. Neutrinos in the holographic dark energy model: constraints from latest measurements of expansion history and growth of structure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jing-Fei Zhang; Ming-Ming Zhao; Yun-He Li; Xin Zhang


    The model of holographic dark energy (HDE) with massive neutrinos and/or dark radiation is investigated in detail. The background and perturbation evolutions in the HDE model are calculated. We employ the PPF approach to overcome the gravity instability difficulty (perturbation divergence of dark energy) led by the equation-of-state parameter $w$ evolving across the phantom divide $w=-1$ in the HDE model with $cradiation on the CMB anisotropy power spectrum and the matter power spectrum in the HDE scenario are discussed. Furthermore, we constrain the models of HDE with massive neutrinos and/or dark radiation by using the latest measurements of expansion history and growth of structure, including the Planck CMB temperature data, the baryon acoustic oscillation data, the JLA supernova data, the Hubble constant direct measurement, the cosmic shear data of weak lensing, the Planck CMB lensing data, and the redshift space distortions data. We find that $\\sum m_\

  15. Neutrinos in the holographic dark energy model: constraints from latest measurements of expansion history and growth of structure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Jing-Fei; Li, Yun-He; Zhang, Xin


    The model of holographic dark energy (HDE) with massive neutrinos and/or dark radiation is investigated in detail. The background and perturbation evolutions in the HDE model are calculated. We employ the PPF approach to overcome the gravity instability difficulty (perturbation divergence of dark energy) led by the equation-of-state parameter $w$ evolving across the phantom divide $w=-1$ in the HDE model with $cdark radiation on the CMB anisotropy power spectrum and the matter power spectrum in the HDE scenario are discussed. Furthermore, we constrain the models of HDE with massive neutrinos and/or dark radiation by using the latest measurements of expansion history and growth of structure, including the Planck CMB temperature data, the baryon acoustic oscillation data, the JLA supernova data, the Hubble constant direct measurement, the cosmic shear...

  16. age-structured dynamical models: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    does not migrate. Le, Thuc Manh; Van Minh, Nguyen 2010-01-01 36 Galactic Nonlinear Dynamic Model Mathematical Physics (arXiv) Summary: We develop a model for spiral galaxies...

  17. Annealing contour Monte Carlo algorithm for structure optimization in an off-lattice protein model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liang, Faming

    . For example, the HP model1 treats each amino acid as a point particle and restricts the model to fold of the energy landscape, so it is an excellent tool for Monte Carlo optimization. The ACMC algorithm is an accel

  18. An improved structural mechanics model for the FRAPCON nuclear fuel performance code

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mieloszyk, Alexander James


    In order to provide improved predictions of Pellet Cladding Mechanical Interaction (PCMI) for the FRAPCON nuclear fuel performance code, a new model, the FRAPCON Radial-Axial Soft Pellet (FRASP) model, was developed. This ...

  19. Structure of Excited States of 10Be studied with Antisymmetrized Molecular Dynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Y. Kanada-En'yo; H. Horiuchi; A. Dote


    We study structure of excited states of 10Be with the method of variation after spin parity projection in the framework of antisymmetrized molecular dynamics. Present calculations describe many excited states and reproduce the experimental data of E2 and E1 transitions and the new data of the $\\beta$ transition strength successfully. We make systematic discussions on the molecule-like structures of light unstable nuclei and the important role of the valence neutrons based on the results obtained with the framework which is free from such model assumptions as the existence of inert cores and clusters.

  20. Computational approaches to modeling the conserved structural core among distantly homologous proteins

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Menke, Matthew Ewald, 1978-


    Modem techniques in biology have produced sequence data for huge quantities of proteins, and 3-D structural information for a much smaller number of proteins. We introduce several algorithms that make use of the limited ...

  1. Direct comparison of Neural Network, Fuzzy Logic and Model Prediction Variable Structure vortex flow controllers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joshi, Praveen Sudhakar


    Predictive Variable Structure and Fuzzy Logic based controllers for the same benchmark problem. Evaluation criteria consist of closed-loop system performance, activity level of the VFC nozzles, ease of controller synthesis, time required to synthesize...


    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mukherjee, Srayanta


    approach using TM-score as the objective function. However, the traditional NW dynamic programming was redesigned to prevent the cross alignment of chains during the structure alignment process. Driven by the knowledge obtained from MM-align that protein...

  3. Structure-based model for light-harvesting properties of nucleic acid nanostructures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pan, Keyao

    Programmed self-assembly of DNA enables the rational design of megadalton-scale macromolecular assemblies with sub-nanometer scale precision. These assemblies can be programmed to serve as structural scaffolds for secondary ...

  4. Adaptive Hierarchical Multiscale Framework for Modeling the Deformation of Ultra-Strong Nano-structured Materials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ghoniem, Nasr M.

    , we plan to investigate the deformation characteris- tics of two classes of nano-structured materials. The proposed research will also impact graduate education world-wide by the developme

  5. First-principles molecular modeling of structure-property relationships and reactivity in the zeolite chabazite

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lo, Cynthia


    Zeolites are crystalline, porous aluminosilicates; while a pure silicate structure is charge-neutral, the substitution of A1³? for Si?? creates in the framework a negative charge, which can be compensated by a proton that ...

  6. Model-based design of an ultra high performance concrete support structure for a wind turbine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Zheng, M. Eng. Massachusetts Institute of Technology


    A support tower is the main structure which would support rotor, power transmission and control systems, and elevates the rotating blades above the earth boundary layer. A successful design should ensure safe, efficient ...

  7. A model of the subsurface structure at the Rye Patch geothermal...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    structure at the Rye Patch geothermal reservoir based on surface-to-borehole seismic data Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Journal Article: A...

  8. Energy pathways and structures of oceanic eddies from the ECCO2 State Estimate and Simplified Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Ru, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology


    Studying oceanic eddies is important for understanding and predicting ocean circulation and climate variability. The central focus of this dissertation is the energy exchange between eddies and mean ow and banded structures ...

  9. Integrating structure in the probabilistic model for Information Retrieval Mathias Gery Christine Largeron Franck Thollard

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    .gery,largeron,thollard} Abstract In databases or in the World Wide Web, many documents are in a structured format (e.g. XML). We provided by structure can be used to emphasize some particular words or some parts of the textual document. Consequently, a word does not have the same importance if it is emphasized (e.g. bold font, italic, etc

  10. Two-Factor Model of Soil Suction from Capillarity, Shrinkage, Adsorbed Film, and Intra-aggregate Structure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    V. Y. Chertkov


    The objective of this work is to derive the soil water retention from the soil structure without curve-fitting and only using the physical parameters found irrespective of an experimental retention curve. Two key points underlie the work: (i) the soil suction at drying coincides with that of the soil intra-aggregate matrix and contributive clay; and (ii) both the soil suction and volume shrinkage at drying depend on the same soil water content. In addition the two following results are used: (i) the available two-factor (capillarity and shrinkage) model of clay suction enables one to connect a clay suction and clay water content using the clay matrix structure; and (ii) the recent reference shrinkage curve model based on the concepts of intra-aggregate soil structure permits one to connect the soil water content at shrinkage with the water content of the contributive clay. With that the available two-factor model was essentially modified and, in particular, the effect of adsorbed water film was taken into account. The developed model includes the following input parameters: the solid density, relative volume of contributive-clay solids, relative volume of contributive clay in the oven-dried state, soil clay content, aggregate/intra-aggregate mass ratio, and specific volume of lacunar pores in the aggregates at maximum swelling. The validation of the model is based on available data of water retention and the above input parameters for six soils. A promising agreement between the predicted and observed water retention curves was found.

  11. A New Empirical Model for the Structural Analysis of Early-type Galaxies and a Critical Review of the Nuker Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alister W. Graham; Peter Erwin; Ignacio Trujillo; Andres Asensio Ramos


    The Nuker law was designed to match the inner few (~3-10) arcseconds of predominantly nearby (< 30 Mpc) early-type galaxy light-profiles; it was never intended to describe an entire profile. The Sersic model, on the other hand, was developed to fit the entire profile; however, due to the presence of partially depleted galaxy cores, the Sersic model cannot always describe the very inner region. We have therefore developed a new empirical model consisting of an inner power-law, a transition region, and an outer Sersic model to connect the inner and outer structure of elliptical galaxies. Moreover, the stability of the Nuker model parameters are investigated. Surprisingly, none are found to be stable quantities; all are shown to vary systematically with a profile's fitted radial extent, and often by more than 100%. Considering elliptical galaxies spanning a range of 7.5 magnitudes, the central stellar density of the underlying host galaxy is observed to increase with galaxy luminosity until the onset of core formation, detected only in the brightest elliptical galaxies. We suggest that the so-called ``power-law'' galaxies may actually be described by the Sersic model over their entire radial range.

  12. Analysis of the Effects of Compositional and Configurational Assumptions on Product Costs for the Thermochemical Conversion of Lignocellulosic Biomass to Mixed Alcohols – FY 2007 Progress Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhu, Yunhua; Gerber, Mark A.; Jones, Susanne B.; Stevens, Don J.


    The purpose of this study was to examine alternative biomass-to-ethanol conversion process assumptions and configuration options to determine their relative effects on overall process economics. A process-flow-sheet computer model was used to determine the heat and material balance for each configuration that was studied. The heat and material balance was then fed to a costing spreadsheet to determine the impact on the ethanol selling price. By examining a number of operational and configuration alternatives and comparing the results to the base flow sheet, alternatives having the greatest impact the performance and cost of the overall system were identified and used to make decisions on research priorities. This report, which was originally published in December 2008, has been revised primarily to correct information presented in Appendix B -- Base Case Flow Sheets and Model Results. The corrections to Appendix B include replacement of several pages in Table B.1 that duplicated previous pages of the table. Other changes were made in Appendix B to correct inconsistencies between stream labels presented in the tables and the stream labels in the figures.

  13. Theoretical investigation of the magnetic structure in YBa_2Cu_3O_6

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ekkehard Krüger


    As experimentally well established, YBa_2Cu_3O_6 is an antiferromagnet with the magnetic moments lying on the Cu sites. Starting from this experimental result and the assumption, that nearest-neighbor Cu atoms within a layer have exactly antiparallel magnetic moments, the orientation of the magnetic moments has been determined within a nonadiabatic extension of the Heisenberg model of magnetism, called nonadiabatic Heisenberg model. Within this group-theoretical model there exist four stable magnetic structures in YBa_2Cu_3O_6, two of them are obviously identical with the high- and low-temperature structure established experimentally. However, not all the magnetic moments which appear to be antiparallel in neutron-scattering experiments are exactly antiparallel within this group-theoretical model. Furthermore, within this model the magnetic moments are not exactly perpendicular to the orthorhombic c axis.


    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Miao Jingqi [Centre for Astrophysics and Planetary Science, School of Physical Sciences, University of Kent, Canterbury, Kent CT2 7NR (United Kingdom); Sugitani, Koji [Institute of Natural Sciences, Nagoya City University, Mizuho-ku, Nagoya 467-8501 (Japan); White, Glenn J. [Centre for Earth, Planetary, Space and Astronomical Research, The Open University, Walton Hall, Milton Keynes, MK7 6AA (United Kingdom); Nelson, Richard P., E-mail: [School of Mathematical Sciences, Queen Mary College, University of London, Mile End Road, London E1 4NS (United Kingdom)


    We report the results from a smoothed particle hydrodynamics simulation designed to model recent observational data on the nebula and Bright Rim Cloud IC59. We further examine, in the context of radiative-driven implosion (RDI) models, the possible formation mechanisms of the morphological structure of IC59. The results of the simulation reveal the existence of a new, fourth morphological state for Bright Rim Clouds (BRCs)-which we propose to call a Type M BRC morphology. We discuss the necessary conditions for the appearance of Type M BRCs, based on analytical and numerical simulations. The simulated physical properties from our model are consistent with the available observations of IC59. We further show that the prospect of RDI triggered star formation in all Type M BRCs is not supported by the simulations.

  15. Structural Analysis of a New Design of a Glenoid Prosthesis by Finite Element Modeling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Downey, John A


    18 Abstract Prosthesis loosening in total shoulderexcision. Present glenoid prostheses have fixation only inDesign of a Glenoid Prosthesis by Finite Element Modeling By

  16. Characterization of Special Variance Structures for Designs in Model Identification and Discrimination

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Flores, Analisa Marielena


    optimal 2 m fractional factorial designs of resolution V,2000. Model-robust factorial designs. Technometrics, 42(4),1979. A screening design for factorial experiments with

  17. Structural-chemical modeling of transition of coals to the plastic state

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    A.M. Gyul'maliev; S.G. Gagarin [FGUP Institute for Fossil Fuels, Moscow (Russian Federation)


    The structural-chemical simulation of the formation of plastic state during the thermal treatment (pyrolysis, coking) of coals is based on allowance for intermolecular interactions in the organic matter. The feasibility of transition of coals to the plastic state is determined by the ratio between the onset plastic state (softening) and runaway degradation temperatures, values that depend on the petrographic composition and the degree of metamorphism of coals and the distribution of structural and chemical characteristics of organic matter. 33 refs., 8 figs., 2 tabs.

  18. Structure of the Kinase Domain of CaMKII and Modeling the Holoenzyme

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over Our InstagramStructure of All-Polymer SolarStructure of the Kinase Domain of CaMKII

  19. Structure of the Kinase Domain of CaMKII and Modeling the Holoenzyme

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over Our InstagramStructure of All-Polymer SolarStructure of the Kinase Domain of

  20. Structure of the Kinase Domain of CaMKII and Modeling the Holoenzyme

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of ScienceandMesa del SolStrengthening a solid ... Strengthening aStructure ofof the CompleteStructure of

  1. The mathematical structure of multiphase thermal models of flow in porous media

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    - tions, Darcy's law for volumetric flow rates and an energy equation in terms of enthalpy. The model with the formulation and numerical solution of equations for modelling multicomponent, two-phase, thermal fluid flow is closed with an equation of state and phase equilibrium con- ditions that determine the distribution

  2. Senescence and antibiotic resistance in an age-structured population model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gedeon, Tomas

    of Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) has been modeled. One strain, community acquired CA-MRSA was assumed to have higher growth rate than the hospital acquired strain HA-MRSA. In agreement with the principle of competitive exclusion [15, 37] the model [11] predicts that CA-MRSA will eventually dominate and outcompete HA-MRSA

  3. Research Article A Network Modeling Approach for the Spatial Distribution and Structure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Aidong

    and diseased bone of 20­30 to 70­80 year-olds demonstrated the method's effectiveness for modeling osteoporosis data in clinical trials. KEY WORDS: bone; imaging; modeling; osteoporosis. INTRODUCTION According to the International Osteoporosis Foundation, osteoporosis is estimated to affect 200 million women and cause

  4. Modelling of Structures in Fire: An Example of the Boundary Condition 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jowsey, Allan; Torero, Jose L; Usmani, Asif

    The collapse of the World Trade Center Towers 1, 2 and 7 on September 11th 2001 has highlighted the need for proper understanding of the behaviour of structures in the event of a fire. A detailed analysis of the fires and the behaviour...


    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kareem, Ahsan

    to the mean wind force multiplied by the GLF. Although the traditional GLF method ensures an accurate force multiplied by a GLF. The GLF accounts for the dynamics of wind fluctuations and any load and Ahsan Kareem,2 Member, ASCE ABSTRACT: Wind loads on structures under the buffeting action of wind gusts

  6. Modeling Actuation Forces and Strains in Nastic Structures Luke A. Matthews, Victor Giurgiutiu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Giurgiutiu, Victor

    Mechanical Engineering, University of South Carolina, 300 Main Street, Columbia, SC, 29208 ABSTRACT Nastic and flower surfaces to face light sources. The nastic structures considered in this paper are composed botanical generations and allows leaves to maximize their surface facing the sun to attain more solar energy

  7. Wavelet-based cascade model for intermittent structure in terrestrial environments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wilson, D Keith; Vecherin, Sergey N


    A wavelet-like model for distributions of objects in natural and man-made terrestrial environments is developed. The model is constructed in a self-similar fashion, with the sizes, amplitudes, and numbers of objects occurring at a constant ratios between parent and offspring objects. The objects are randomly distributed in space according to a Poisson process. Fractal supports and a cascade model are used to organize objects intermittently in space. In its basic form, the model is for continuously varying random fields, although a level-cut is introduced to model two-phase random media. The report begins with a description of relevant concepts from fractal theory, and then progresses through static (time-invariant), steady-state, and non-steady models. The results can be applied to such diverse phenomena as turbulence, geologic distributions, urban buildings, vegetation, and arctic ice floes. The model can be used as a basis for synthesizing realistic terrestrial scenes, and for predicting the performance of ...

  8. A probabilistic graphical model based stochastic input model construction

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wan, Jiang [Materials Process Design and Control Laboratory, Sibley School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, 101 Frank H.T. Rhodes Hall, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853-3801 (United States); Zabaras, Nicholas, E-mail: [Materials Process Design and Control Laboratory, Sibley School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, 101 Frank H.T. Rhodes Hall, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853-3801 (United States); Center for Applied Mathematics, 657 Frank H.T. Rhodes Hall, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853-3801 (United States)


    Model reduction techniques have been widely used in modeling of high-dimensional stochastic input in uncertainty quantification tasks. However, the probabilistic modeling of random variables projected into reduced-order spaces presents a number of computational challenges. Due to the curse of dimensionality, the underlying dependence relationships between these random variables are difficult to capture. In this work, a probabilistic graphical model based approach is employed to learn the dependence by running a number of conditional independence tests using observation data. Thus a probabilistic model of the joint PDF is obtained and the PDF is factorized into a set of conditional distributions based on the dependence structure of the variables. The estimation of the joint PDF from data is then transformed to estimating conditional distributions under reduced dimensions. To improve the computational efficiency, a polynomial chaos expansion is further applied to represent the random field in terms of a set of standard random variables. This technique is combined with both linear and nonlinear model reduction methods. Numerical examples are presented to demonstrate the accuracy and efficiency of the probabilistic graphical model based stochastic input models. - Highlights: • Data-driven stochastic input models without the assumption of independence of the reduced random variables. • The problem is transformed to a Bayesian network structure learning problem. • Examples are given in flows in random media.

  9. Structure of finite-RSB asymptotic Gibbs measures in the diluted spin glass models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dmitry Panchenko


    We suggest a possible approach to proving the M\\'ezard-Parisi formula for the free energy in the diluted spin glass models, such as diluted K-spin or random K-sat model at any positive temperature. In the main contribution of the paper, we show that a certain small modification of the Hamiltonian in any of these models forces all finite-RSB asymptotic Gibbs measures in the sense of the overlaps to satisfy the M\\'ezard-Parisi ansatz for the distribution of spins. Unfortunately, what is still missing is a description of the general full-RSB asymptotic Gibbs measures. If one could show that the general case can be approximated by finite-RSB case in the right sense then one could a posteriori remove the small modification of the Hamiltonian to recover the M\\'ezard-Parisi formula for the original model.

  10. Towards a Formal Semantics for a Structurally Dynamic Noncausal Modelling Language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nilsson, Henrik

    modelling approach, promoting the reuse of components. Modelica is a prime example of this class of lan, many of these languages are referred to as object-oriented mod- elling languages. Modelica [23] is one

  11. Dynamic soil-structure interaction-comparison of FEM model with experimental results

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Srinivasan, Palanivel Rajan


    to represent twenty different laboratory experiments. The results of these models are compared with results available from extensive experimental dynamic testing on a geotechnical centrifuge. Though the various results from the finite element analysis...

  12. A Structurally Based Investigation of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms in Mouse Models 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collins, Melissa


    parameters of the two vessels that experience AAAs in different models, but also the effects of three major components of AAA formation. Biaxial mechanical tests were performed using a modified computer- controlled device. We examined the solid mechanics...

  13. RELAP5/MOD3 code manual: Code structure, system models, and solution methods. Volume 1

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)



    The RELAP5 code has been developed for best estimate transient simulation of light water reactor coolant systems during postulated accidents. The code models the coupled behavior of the reactor coolant system and the core for loss-of-coolant accidents, and operational transients, such as anticipated transient without scram, loss of offsite power, loss of feedwater, and loss of flow. A generic modeling, approach is used that permits simulating a variety of thermal hydraulic systems. Control system and secondary system components are included to permit modeling of plant controls, turbines, condensers, and secondary feedwater systems. RELAP5/MOD3 code documentation is divided into seven volumes: Volume I provides modeling theory and associated numerical schemes.

  14. Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: Validation of Material Models for Automotive Carbon Fiber Composite Structures

    Broader source: [DOE]

    Presentation given by General Motors at 2014 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about validation of material models...

  15. Assessing Invariance of Factor Structures and Polytomous Item Response Model Parameter Estimates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reyes, Jennifer McGee


    .e., identical items, different people) for the homogenous graded response model (Samejima, 1969) and the partial credit model (Masters, 1982)? To evaluate measurement invariance using IRT methods, the item discrimination and item difficulty parameters... obtained from the GRM need to be equivalent across datasets. The YFCY02 and YFCY03 GRM item discrimination parameters (slope) correlation was 0.828. The YFCY02 and YFCY03 GRM item difficulty parameters (location) correlation was 0...

  16. Modeling and Algorithmic Approaches to Constitutively-Complex, Micro-structured Fluids

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Forest, Mark Gregory [University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill] [University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill


    The team for this Project made significant progress on modeling and algorithmic approaches to hydrodynamics of fluids with complex microstructure. Our advances are broken down into modeling and algorithmic approaches. In experiments a driven magnetic bead in a complex fluid accelerates out of the Stokes regime and settles into another apparent linear response regime. The modeling explains the take-off as a deformation of entanglements, and the longtime behavior is a nonlinear, far-from-equilibrium property. Furthermore, the model has predictive value, as we can tune microstructural properties relative to the magnetic force applied to the bead to exhibit all possible behaviors. Wave-theoretic probes of complex fluids have been extended in two significant directions, to small volumes and the nonlinear regime. Heterogeneous stress and strain features that lie beyond experimental capability were studied. It was shown that nonlinear penetration of boundary stress in confined viscoelastic fluids is not monotone, indicating the possibility of interlacing layers of linear and nonlinear behavior, and thus layers of variable viscosity. Models, algorithms, and codes were developed and simulations performed leading to phase diagrams of nanorod dispersion hydrodynamics in parallel shear cells and confined cavities representative of film and membrane processing conditions. Hydrodynamic codes for polymeric fluids are extended to include coupling between microscopic and macroscopic models, and to the strongly nonlinear regime.

  17. Structural model and spectroscopic characteristics of the FMO antenna protein from the aerobic chlorophototroph, Candidatus Chloracidobacterium thermophilum

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wen, Jianzhong; Tsukatani, Yusuke; Cui, Weidong; Zhang, Hao; Gross, Michael L; Bryant, Donald A; Blankenship, R. E.


    The Fenna–Matthews–Olson protein (FMO) binds seven or eight bacteriochlorophyll a (BChl a) molecules and is an important model antenna system for understanding pigment-protein interactions and mechanistic aspects of photosynthetic light harvesting. FMO proteins of green sulfur bacteria (Chlorobiales) have been extensively studied using a wide range of spectroscopic and theoretical approaches because of their stability, the spectral resolution of their pigments, their water-soluble nature, and the availability of high-resolution structural data. We obtained new structural and spectroscopic insights by studying the FMO protein from the recently discovered, aerobic phototrophic acidobacterium, Candidatus Chloracidobacterium thermophilum. Native C. thermophilum FMO is a trimer according to both analytical gel filtration and native-electrospray mass spectrometry. Furthermore, the mass of intact FMO trimer is consistent with the presence of 21–24 BChl a in each. Homology modeling of the C. thermophilum FMO was performed by using the structure of the FMO protein from Chlorobaculum tepidum as a template. C. thermophilum FMO differs from C. tepidum FMO in two distinct regions: the baseplate, CsmA-binding region and a region that is proposed to bind the reaction center subunit, PscA. C. thermophilum FMO has two fluorescence emission peaks at room temperature but only one at 77 K. Temperature-dependent fluorescence spectroscopy showed that the two room-temperature emission peaks result from two excited-state BChl a populations that have identical fluorescence lifetimes. Modeling of the data suggests that the two populations contain 1–2 BChl and 5–6 BChl a molecules and that thermal equilibrium effects modulate the relative population of the two emitting states.

  18. Periodic-orbit approach to the nuclear shell structures with power-law potential models: Bridge orbits and prolate-oblate asymmetry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ken-ichiro Arita


    Deformed shell structures in nuclear mean-field potentials are systematically investigated as functions of deformation and surface diffuseness. As the mean-field model to investigate nuclear shell structures in a wide range of mass numbers, we propose the radial power-law potential model, V \\propto r^\\alpha, which enables a simple semiclassical analysis by the use of its scaling property. We find that remarkable shell structures emerge at certain combinations of deformation and diffuseness parameters, and they are closely related to the periodic-orbit bifurcations. In particular, significant roles of the "bridge orbit bifurcations" for normal and superdeformed shell structures are pointed out. It is shown that the prolate-oblate asymmetry in deformed shell structures is clearly understood from the contribution of the bridge orbit to the semiclassical level density. The roles of bridge orbit bifurcations in the emergence of superdeformed shell structures are also discussed.

  19. Millimeter radiation from a 3D model of the solar atmosphere I. Diagnosing chromospheric thermal structure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Loukitcheva, Maria; Carlsson, Mats; White, Stephen


    Aims. We use advanced 3D NLTE radiative magnetohydrodynamic simulations of the solar atmosphere to carry out detailed tests of chromospheric diagnostics at millimeter and submillimeter wavelengths. Methods. We focused on the diagnostics of the thermal structure of the chromosphere in the wavelength bands from 0.4 mm up to 9.6 mm that can be accessed with the Atacama Large Millimeter/Submillimeter Array (ALMA) and investigated how these diagnostics are affected by the instrumental resolution. Results. We find that the formation height range of the millimeter radiation depends on the location in the simulation domain and is related to the underlying magnetic structure. Nonetheless, the brightness temperature is a reasonable measure of the gas temperature at the effective formation height at a given location on the solar surface. There is considerable scatter in this relationship, but this is significantly reduced when very weak magnetic fields are avoided. Our results indicate that although instrumental smearin...

  20. Structure and dynamics of model colloidal clusters with short-range attractions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robert S. Hoy


    We examine the structure and dynamics of small isolated $N$-particle clusters interacting via short-ranged Morse potentials. "Ideally preprared ensembles" obtained via exact enumeration studies of sticky hard sphere packings serve as reference states allowing us to identify key statistical-geometrical properties and to quantitatively characterize how nonequilibrium ensembles prepared by thermal quenches at different rates $\\dot{T}$ differ from their equilibrium counterparts. Studies of equilibrium dynamics show nontrival temperature dependence: nonexponential relaxation indicates both glassy dynamics and differing stabilities of degenerate clusters with different structures. Our results should be useful for extending recent experimental studies of small colloidal clusters to examine both equilibrium relaxation dynamics at fixed $T$ and a variety of nonequilibrium phenomena.

  1. Why does the Standard Model fail to explain the elementary particles structure?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yuri A. Rylov


    It is shown, that our contemporary knowledge of geometry is insufficient, because we know only axiomatizable geometries. With such a knowledge of geometry one cannot investigate properly physics of microcosm and structure of elementary particles. One can obtain only a phenomenological systematics of elementary particles, whose construction does not need a discrimination mechanism. The discrimination mechanism, responsible for discrete characteristics of elementary particles, can be created only on the basis of a granular (discrete and continuous simultaneously) space-time geometry.

  2. Relation between local diffusivity and local inherent structures in the Kob-Andersen Lennard-Jones model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sciortino, Francesco

    , their energy of the local minima referred to as inherent struc- tures , eIS IS' stands for inherent structures­10 . For the case of the Kob-Andersen Lennard-Jones model 11,12 , the number eIS deIS of dis- tinct basins of energy depth between eIS and eIS+deIS follows a Gaussian distribution 5,6 eIS deIS = e Ne- eIS - Eo 2/2 2 2 2

  3. FIRESTRUC - Integrating advanced three-dimensional modelling methodologies for predicting thermo-mechanical behaviour of steel and composite structures subjected to natural fires 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Welch, Stephen; Miles, Steward; Kumar, Suresh; Lemaire, Tony; Chan, Alan

    A hierarchy of coupling strategies for integrating advanced three-dimensional modelling methodologies for prediction of the thermo-mechanical response of structures in fire has been developed and systematically assessed. ...

  4. World Energy Projection System model documentation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hutzler, M.J.; Anderson, A.T.


    The World Energy Projection System (WEPS) was developed by the Office of Integrated Analysis and Forecasting within the Energy Information Administration (EIA), the independent statistical and analytical agency of the US Department of Energy. WEPS is an integrated set of personal computer based spreadsheets containing data compilations, assumption specifications, descriptive analysis procedures, and projection models. The WEPS accounting framework incorporates projections from independently documented models and assumptions about the future energy intensity of economic activity (ratios of total energy consumption divided by gross domestic product GDP), and about the rate of incremental energy requirements met by natural gas, coal, and renewable energy sources (hydroelectricity, geothermal, solar, wind, biomass, and other renewable resources). Projections produced by WEPS are published in the annual report, International Energy Outlook. This report documents the structure and procedures incorporated in the 1998 version of the WEPS model. It has been written to provide an overview of the structure of the system and technical details about the operation of each component of the model for persons who wish to know how WEPS projections are produced by EIA.

  5. Beyond the growth rate of cosmic structure: Testing modified gravity models with an extra degree of freedom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burrage, Clare; Seery, David


    In 'modified' gravity the observed acceleration of the universe is explained by changing the gravitational force law or the number of degrees of freedom in the gravitational sector. Both possibilities can be tested by measurements of cosmological structure formation. In this paper we elaborate the details of such tests using the Galileon model as a case study. We pay attention to the possibility that each new degree of freedom may have stochastically independent initial conditions, generating different types of potential well in the early universe and breaking complete correlation between density and velocity power spectra. This 'stochastic bias' can confuse schemes to parametrize the predictions of modified gravity models, such as the use of the growth parameter f alone. Using data from the WiggleZ Dark Energy Survey we show that it will be possible to obtain constraints using information about the cosmological-scale force law embedded in the multipole power spectra of redshift-space distortions. As an examp...

  6. Fixed Points Structure & Effective Fractional Dimension for O(N) Models with Long-Range Interactions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nicolo Defenu; Andrea Trombettoni; Alessandro Codello


    We study O(N) models with power-law interactions by using functional renormalization group methods: we show that both in Local Potential Approximation (LPA) and in LPA' their critical exponents can be computed from the ones of the corresponding short-range O(N) models at an effective fractional dimension. In LPA such effective dimension is given by $D_{eff}=2d/\\sigma$, where d is the spatial dimension and $d+\\sigma$ is the exponent of the power-law decay of the interactions. In LPA' the prediction by Sak [Phys. Rev. B 8, 1 (1973)] for the critical exponent $\\eta$ is retrieved and an effective fractional dimension $D_{eff}'$ is obtained. Using these results we determine the existence of multicritical universality classes of long-range O(N) models and we present analytical predictions for the critical exponent $\

  7. The National Energy Modeling System: An overview 1998

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)



    The National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) is a computer-based, energy-economy modeling system of US energy markets for the midterm period through 2020. NEMS projects the production, imports, conversion, consumption, and prices of energy, subject to assumptions on macroeconomic and financial factors world energy markets, resource availability and costs, behavior and technological choice criteria, cost and performance characteristics of energy technologies, and demographics. This report presents an overview of the structure and methodology of NEMS and each of its components. The first chapter provides a description of the design and objectives of the system, followed by a chapter on the overall modeling structure and solution algorithm. The remainder of the report summarizes the methodology and scope of the component modules of NEMS. The model descriptions are intended for readers familiar with terminology from economics, operations research, and energy modeling. 21 figs.

  8. A ffine Regime-Switching Models for Interest Rate Term Structure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Shu; Zeng, Yong


    shifts is not priced in these models, hence does not contribute independently to bond risk premiums. The purpose of the present paper is to develop a tractable latent factor model that can capture the effects of regime-switching, especially...)/??B(?, st)rt/? , where A(?, s) and B(?, s) are determined by the following differential equations ? ?B(?, s) ?? + a˜1(s)B(?, s) + 1 2 ?1(s)B 2(?, s) + ? E [ e?sA(?sB + h˜1(z))? h˜1(z) ] eh˜0(z)1(s = i)#15;z(dz) = 1 (3.2) and ? ?A(?, s) ?? + a˜0(s)B(?, s) + 1...

  9. A model study of the forces due to oscillatory waves on submerged structures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Versowsky, Paul Edward


    to measure horizontal force and this was recorded on a Hewlett- Packard dual-channel carrier pre-amplifier recorder (model 321) . Recorder outputs are shown in Figs. 13 and 14. Basic sensitivity of the force transducers was 5. 0 grams per millimeter of pen... lengths of two conductor- shielded wire were run from the terminal strip to the Sanborn and Hewlett-Packard recorders shown in Fig. 15. The models were supported at each corner by fine stainless steel wires connected to the four vertical force...

  10. Modeling circulation and thermal structure in Lake Michigan: Annual cycle and interannual variability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the fall cooling, and finally, an overturn in the late fall. Large-scale circulation patterns tend significant progress in hydrodynamic modeling of short- term hydrodynamic processes in the Great Lakes [Schwab was virtually non- existent until the implementation of the Great Lakes Forecast- ing System (GLFS) in the early

  11. Ecient Statistical Modeling for the Compression of Tree Structured Intermediate Code

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shankar, Priti

    . Compressors that work on compiler intermediate representations or virtual machine code are a partial solution to the problem of reducing transmission time. The idea of using syntactic information source models for source used to specify trees. When universal data compressors are applied to the compression of such data

  12. Multiple Object Manipulation: is structural modularity necessary? A study of the MOSAIC and CARMA models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    -UPMF Grenoble, France Abstract A model that tackles the Multiple Object Manipulation task computationally solves the manipulation problem with a single controller. We provide experimental and theoretical evidence that tend forces? These two questions are central in object manipulation: control and pre- diction, respectively

  13. Mathematical Geology, Vol. 34, No. 1, January 2002 ( C 2002) On Modelling Discrete Geological Structures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baran, Sándor

    Mathematical Geology, Vol. 34, No. 1, January 2002 ( C 2002) On Modelling Discrete Geological there is a large amount of missing observations, which often is the case in geological applications. We make,predictions,MarkovchainMonteCarlo,simulatedannealing,incomplete observations. INTRODUCTION In many geological applications, there is an interest in predicting properties

  14. Modeling of Power and Energy Transduction of Embedded Piezoelectric Wafer Active Sensors for Structural Health Monitoring

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Giurgiutiu, Victor

    chart show the trends in the power and energy flow behavior with remarkable peaks and valleys that can1 Modeling of Power and Energy Transduction of Embedded Piezoelectric Wafer Active Sensors a systematic investigation of power and energy transduction in piezoelectric wafer active sensors (PWAS

  15. Structural Basis of Folding Cooperativity in Model Proteins: Insights from a Microcanonical Perspective

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bachmann, Michael

    characteristic in protein folding. It is defined by a depletion of states that lie energetically between folded have been observed only in lattice models. INTRODUCTION Two-state protein folding is characterized (19,20), and protein folding (21­27). Two remarks are worthwhile: 1. If the transition

  16. Teaching geometric modeling algorithms and data structures through laser scanner acquisition pipeline

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    measurements and finally its instantiation through 3D printing, are presented. Laser scanner acquisition, reconstruction and 3D printing lend well to teaching general concepts in geometric modeling for several reasons. First, starting and ending with real physical 3D objects (the talus and its 3D print) provide

  17. A Graph-theoretic Algorithm for Comparative Modeling of Protein Structure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Samudrala, Ram

    are the same (Chothia & Lesk, 1986). This is the case now for about 30% of the general sequences entering for doing this is usually termed comparative or homology modeling. In contrast to progress in generating effects makes the energy surface extremely discontinuous, so that search methods that make semi


    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sacks, Rafael

    to the firm's overall activity, because the greatest increase in productivity is achieved in this area; that construction companies can leverage the benefits in error reduction and logistics improvements that result PRODUCTIVITY Rafael Sacks1 and Ronen Barak2 ABSTRACT Parametric three-dimensional modelling of buildings

  19. Quark model description of the {ital N}-{ital N} system: Momentum distributions, structure functions, and the EMC effect

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Koepf, W. [School of Physics and Astronomy, Raymond and Beverly Sackler Faculty of Exact Sciences, Tel Aviv University, 69978 Tel Aviv (Israel)] [School of Physics and Astronomy, Raymond and Beverly Sackler Faculty of Exact Sciences, Tel Aviv University, 69978 Tel Aviv (Israel); Wilets, L. [Department of Physics, FM-15, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195 (United States)] [Department of Physics, FM-15, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195 (United States)


    We employ a relativistic quark bag picture, the chromodielectric soliton model, to discuss the quarks` symmetry structure and momentum distribution in the {ital N}-{ital N} system. Six-quark clusters are constructed in a constrained mean-field calculation. The corresponding Hamiltonian contains not only an effective interaction between the quarks and a scalar field, which is assumed to parametrize all nonperturbative effects due to the nonlinearity of QCD, but also quark-quark interactions mediated through one-gluon exchange. We also evaluate the quark light-cone distribution functions, characterizing inclusive deep-inelastic lepton scattering, for the nucleon as well as for the six-quark structures. We find a competition between a softening of the quarks` momenta through the increase of the confinement volume, and a hardening via the admixture of higher symmetry configurations due to the color-electrostatic one-gluon exchange. These findings suggest an unexpected absence of many-nucleon, multiquark effects, even though six-quark structures should represent a nonnegligible part of the nuclear ground state.

  20. Exploration and Modeling of Structural changes in Waste Glass Under Corrosion

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pantano, Carlos; Ryan, Joseph; Strachan, Denis


    Vitrification is currently the world-wide treatment of choice for the disposition of high-level nuclear wastes. In glasses, radionuclides are atomistically bonded into the solid, resulting in a highly durable product, with borosilicate glasses exhibiting particularly excellent durability in water. Considering that waste glass is designed to retain the radionuclides within the waste form for long periods, it is important to understand the long-term stability of these materials when they react in the environment, especially in the presence of water. Based on a number of previous studies, there is general consensus regarding the mechanisms controlling the initial rate of nuclear waste glass dissolution. Agreement regarding the cause of the observed decrease in dissolution rate at extended times, however, has been elusive. Two general models have been proposed to explain this behavior, and it has been concluded that both concepts are valid and must be taken into account when considering the decrease in dissolution rate. Furthermore, other processes such as water diffusion, ion exchange, and precipitation of mineral phases onto the glass surface may occur in parallel with dissolution of the glass and can influence long-term performance. Our proposed research will address these issues through a combination of aqueous-phase dissolution/reaction experiments and probing of the resulting surface layers with state-of-the-art analytical methods. These methods include solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance (SSNMR) and time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry (TOF-SIMS). The resulting datasets will then be coupled with computational chemistry and reaction-rate modeling to address the most persistent uncertainties in the understanding of glass corrosion, which indeed have limited the performance of the best corrosion models to date. With an improved understanding of corrosion mechanisms, models can be developed and improved that, while still conservative, take advantage of the inherent durability of the waste form to enable secure repositories to be engineered with a much higher density of waste disposition. We propose the synthesis, corrosion, and characterization of two sets of glass samples— containing approximately 8 single-component oxides each—as models for corrosion studies of more complicated glass systems (which can contain in excess of 25 single-component ingredients). Powdered samples and millimeter- sized coupons of these simpler glasses will be corroded in solutions that begin at circumneutral pH, but are known to increase in alkalinity as corrosion proceeds and saturation in silica species is approached. Through carefully selected isotopic substitutions with nuclides that are readily detected with SSNMR and TOF-SIMS methods, we will be able to follow the diffusion of atoms into and out of the reacted surface layers of these glasses and provide new data for testing with existing reaction models. The models can then be further extended or updated to take our new data into account, allowing the existing long-term glass corrosion models to more accurately reflect the extraordinary durability of these systems. With improved models, a significant opportunity exists to better utilize the storage volume of any geologic repository.

  1. The detection and modelling of surface thermal structures and ground water discharges

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roberts, Douglas Vincent


    . , Southern Illinois University Chairman of Advisory Committee: Dr. Earl R. Hoskins On March 29, 1973, data were collected by a thermal infrared scanner mounted in a twin-engine aircraft over a 55-mile stretch of the Clark Fork River in northwestern... on a VAX Il/750 interfaced with an I'S Model 70 processing system. Both qualitative and quantitative processing techniques were employed to identify and describe the surface temperature patterns and ground water discharges into the river. Computer...

  2. Inventory of state energy models

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Melcher, A.G.; Gist, R.L.; Underwood, R.G.; Weber, J.C.


    These models address a variety of purposes, such as supply or demand of energy or of certain types of energy, emergency management of energy, conservation in end uses of energy, and economic factors. Fifty-one models are briefly described as to: purpose; energy system; applications;status; validation; outputs by sector, energy type, economic and physical units, geographic area, and time frame; structure and modeling techniques; submodels; working assumptions; inputs; data sources; related models; costs; references; and contacts. Discussions in the report include: project purposes and methods of research, state energy modeling in general, model types and terminology, and Federal legislation to which state modeling is relevant. Also, a state-by-state listing of modeling efforts is provided and other model inventories are identified. The report includes a brief encylopedia of terms used in energy models. It is assumed that many readers of the report will not be experienced in the technical aspects of modeling. The project was accomplished by telephone conversations and document review by a team from the Colorado School of Mines Research Institute and the faculty of the Colorado School of Mines. A Technical Committee (listed in the report) provided advice during the course of the project.

  3. Residential HVAC Data, Assumptions and Methodology for End-Use Forecasting with EPRI-REEPS 2.1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, F.X.


    modeling framework of the Residential End-Use Energy Plamiing System (REEPS) developed for the Electric

  4. The Planck quantum hypothesis and the Friedmannian models of flat universe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    V. Skalsky


    Only one model from an infinite number of the Friedmannian models of flat expansive isotropic and homogeneous universe satisfies the assumptions resulting from the Planck quantum hypothesis.


    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheffield, University of

    THE STRUCTURAL CHEMISTRY OF MOLYBDENUM IN MODEL HIGH LEVEL NUCLEAR WASTE GLASSES, INVESTIGATED of molybdenum in model UK high level nuclear waste glasses was investigated by X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy (XAS). Molybdenum K-edge XAS data were acquired from several inactive simulant high level nuclear waste

  6. Determinantal structures in the O'Connell-Yor directed random polymer model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Takashi Imamura; Tomohiro Sasamoto


    We study the semi-discrete directed random polymer model introduced by O'Connell and Yor. We obtain a representation for the moment generating function of the polymer partition function in terms of a determinantal measure. This measure is an extension of the probability measure of the eigenvalues for the Gaussian Unitary Ensemble (GUE) in random matrix theory. To establish the relation, we introduce another determinantal measure on larger degrees of freedom and consider its few properties, from which the representation above follows immediately.

  7. Identification and Assessment of Material Models for Age-Related Degradation of Structures and Passive Components in Nuclear Power Plants

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nie,J.; Braverman, J.; Hofmayer, C.; Kim, M. K.; Choi, I-K.


    When performing seismic safety assessments of nuclear power plants (NPPs), the potential effects of age-related degradation on structures, systems, and components (SSCs) should be considered. To address the issue of aging degradation, the Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute (KAERI) has embarked on a five-year research project to develop a realistic seismic risk evaluation system which will include the consideration of aging of structures and components in NPPs. Three specific areas that are included in the KAERI research project, related to seismic probabilistic risk assessment (PRA), are probabilistic seismic hazard analysis, seismic fragility analysis including the effects of aging, and a plant seismic risk analysis. To support the development of seismic capability evaluation technology for degraded structures and components, KAERI entered into a collaboration agreement with Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) in 2007. The collaborative research effort is intended to continue over a five year period with the goal of developing seismic fragility analysis methods that consider the potential effects of age-related degradation of SSCs, and using these results as input to seismic PRAs. In the Year 1 scope of work BNL collected and reviewed degradation occurrences in US NPPs and identified important aging characteristics needed for the seismic capability evaluations that will be performed in the subsequent evaluations in the years that follow. This information is presented in the Annual Report for the Year 1 Task, identified as BNL Report-81741-2008 and also designated as KAERI/RR-2931/2008. The report presents results of the statistical and trending analysis of this data and compares the results to prior aging studies. In addition, the report provides a description of U.S. current regulatory requirements, regulatory guidance documents, generic communications, industry standards and guidance, and past research related to aging degradation of SSCs. This report describes the research effort performed by BNL for the Year 2 scope of work. This research focused on methods that could be used to represent the long-term behavior of materials used at NPPs. To achieve this BNL reviewed time-dependent models which can approximate the degradation effects of the key materials used in the construction of structures and passive components determined to be of interest in the Year 1 effort. The intent was to review the degradation models that would cover the most common time-dependent changes in material properties for concrete and steel components.

  8. Nonlinear force-free models for the solar corona I. Two active regions with very different structure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. Regnier; E. R. Priest


    With the development of new instrumentation providing measurements of solar photospheric vector magnetic fields, we need to develop our understanding of the effects of current density on coronal magnetic field configurations. The object is to understand the diverse and complex nature of coronal magnetic fields in active regions using a nonlinear force-free model. From the observed photospheric magnetic field we derive the photospheric current density for two active regions: one is a decaying active region with strong currents (AR8151), and the other is a newly emerged active region with weak currents (AR8210). We compare the three-dimensional structure of the magnetic fields for both active region when they are assumed to be either potential or nonlinear force-free. The latter is computed using a Grad-Rubin vector-potential-like numerical scheme. A quantitative comparison is performed in terms of the geometry, the connectivity of field lines, the magnetic energy and the magnetic helicity content. For the old decaying active region the connectivity and geometry of the nonlinear force-free model include strong twist and strong shear and are very different from the potential model. The twisted flux bundles store magnetic energy and magnetic helicity high in the corona (about 50 Mm). The newly emerged active region has a complex topology and the departure from a potential field is small, but the excess magnetic energy is stored in the low corona and is enough to trigger powerful flares.

  9. Finite element calculations illustrating a method of model reduction for the dynamics of structures with localized nonlinearities.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Griffith, Daniel Todd; Segalman, Daniel Joseph


    A technique published in SAND Report 2006-1789 ''Model Reduction of Systems with Localized Nonlinearities'' is illustrated in two problems of finite element structural dynamics. That technique, called here the Method of Locally Discontinuous Basis Vectors (LDBV), was devised to address the peculiar difficulties of model reduction of systems having spatially localized nonlinearities. It's illustration here is on two problems of different geometric and dynamic complexity, but each containing localized interface nonlinearities represented by constitutive models for bolted joint behavior. As illustrated on simple problems in the earlier SAND report, the LDBV Method not only affords reduction in size of the nonlinear systems of equations that must be solved, but it also facilitates the use of much larger time steps on problems of joint macro-slip than would be possible otherwise. These benefits are more dramatic for the larger problems illustrated here. The work of both the original SAND report and this one were funded by the LDRD program at Sandia National Laboratories.

  10. Tidal Downsizing Model. III. Planets from sub-Earths to Brown Dwarfs: structure and metallicity preferences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nayakshin, Sergei


    We present improved population synthesis calculations in the context of the Tidal Downsizing (TD) hypothesis for planet formation. Our models provide natural explanations and/or quantitative match to exoplanet observations in the following categories: (i) most abundant planets being super-Earths; (ii) cores more massive than $\\sim 5-15 M_\\oplus$ are enveloped by massive metal-rich atmospheres; (iii) the frequency of occurrence of close-in gas giant planets correlates strongly with metallicity of the host star; (iv) no such correlation is found for sub-Neptune planets; (v) presence of massive cores in giant planets; (vi) the composition of gas giant planets is over-abundant in metals compared to their host stars; (vii) this over-abundance decreases with planet's mass, as observed; (viii) a deep valley in the planet mass function between masses of $\\sim 10-20 M_\\oplus$ and $\\sim 100 M_\\oplus$. We provide a number of observational predictions distinguishing the model from Core Accretion: (a) composition of the m...

  11. Exploration concept and characteristic of the dinarides stratigraphic and structural model in the Croatian offshore area

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Grandic, S. (Western Geophysical, Isleworth, Middlesex (United Kingdom)); Susterciv, M.; Balas, E. (Ina-Naftaplin, Zagreb (Croatia))


    The Dinarides Mesozoic carbonate platform constitutes an extensive paleogeographic unit of the Neo-Tethys platform system. Despite a large sedimentary complex within the platform displaying good hydrocarbon potential, no economic oil accumulations have as yet been discovered. A detailed study of the latest seismic and well data from the Kornati block and other relevant areas suggests, however, that a modified exploration scenario, based on the following elements, could be proposed: (1) Systematic lateral distribution of potential petroliferous facies between the Istrian-Dalmatian marginal zones and the central zone of the external Dinarides. Also, evidence of regular facies changes during platform evolution. (2) Paleotectonic control of varying depositional environments. These range from extremely restricted (anoxic) conditions, to high-energy zones on the platform margins and the edges of intraplatform basins and lagoons. (3) A link between the structural style of the final platform carbonates and the underlying Permian-Triassic halokinetic deposits. This relationship occurred during the Apulia microplate collision and shearing. (4) Differential platform subsidence and burial of potential source rock during platform evolution. Also, post-platform flysch and Molasse sedimentation. (5) Rotational displacement of potential hydrocarbon reservoirs away from the conventional target of exploratory drilling. An acceptance of the above-mentioned elements, particularly the rotation concept, could contribute toward developing a more effective exploration strategy. This should involve seismostratigraphic and other refined exploration methods in many zones of the Neo-Tethys carbonate platform system characterized by similar rotational displacement.

  12. Probabilistic modeling of the corrosion of steel structures in marine water-development works

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bekker, A. T.; Lyubimov, V. S.; Kovalenko, R. G.; Aleksandrov, A. V.


    Considering that corrosion takes place as a random process over time, a a probabilistic approach was utilized in this paper. The corrosion of metallic sheet piling employed in the fascia wall of a bulwerk is considered as an example. A stochastic model is constructed on the base of a modified Weibull distribution function with consideration of parameters of the corrosion process as a function of time. One of the factors defining the corrosion rate of the sheet piling is the degree of access of a section of the wall to the zone of variable water level, or the underwater zone. The type of corrosion-continuous or local-is another factor. The accuracy of corrosion prediction in the underwater zone is higher than that in the zone of variable water level.


    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of Energy. We use the Electric Power Research Institute's (EPRI's) REEPS model, as reconfigured to reflect was supported by the Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Office of Building ....................................................................................................1 2. OVERVIEW OF THE REEPS MODEL..............................................................1

  14. Residential Appliance Data, Assumptions and Methodology for End-Use Forecasting with EPRI-REEPS 2.1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    was developed by the Electric Power Research Institute (McMenamin et al. 1992). In this modeling framework the modeling framework of the Residential End-Use Energy Planning System (REEPS) developed for the Electric provided by the Appliance Model in the Residential End-Use Energy Planning System (REEPS), which

  15. Structure formation: a spherical model for the evolution of the density distribution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    P. Valageas


    Within the framework of hierarchical clustering we show that a simple Press-Schechter-like approximation, based on spherical dynamics, provides a good estimate of the evolution of the density field in the quasi-linear regime up to $\\Sigma \\sim 1$. Moreover, it allows one to recover the exact series of the cumulants of the probability distribution of the density contrast in the limit $\\Sigma \\to 0$ which sheds some light on the rigorous result and on ``filtering''. We also obtain similar results for the divergence of the velocity field. Next, we extend this prescription to the highly non-linear regime, using a stable-clustering approximation. Then we recover a specific scaling of the counts-in-cells which is indeed seen in numerical simulations, over a well-defined range. To this order we also introduce an explicit treatment of the behaviour of underdensities, which takes care of the normalization and is linked to the low-density bubbles and the walls one can see in numerical simulations. We compare this to a 1-dimensional adhesion model, and we present the consequences of our prescription for the power-law tail and the cutoff of the density distribution.

  16. The Hamiltonian Mean Field model: effect of network structure on synchronization dynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yogesh S. Virkar; Juan G. Restrepo; James D. Meiss


    The Hamiltonian Mean Field (HMF) model of coupled inertial, Hamiltonian rotors is a prototype for conservative dynamics in systems with long-range interactions. We consider the case where the interactions between the rotors are governed by a network described by a weighted adjacency matrix. By studying the linear stability of the incoherent state, we find that the transition to synchrony occurs at a coupling constant $K$ inversely proportional to the largest eigenvalue of the adjacency matrix. We derive a closed system of equations for a set of local order parameters and use these equations to study the effect of network heterogeneity on the synchronization of the rotors. We find that for values of $K$ just beyond the transition to synchronization the degree of synchronization is highly dependent on the network's heterogeneity, but that for large values of $K$ the degree of synchronization is robust to changes in the heterogeneity of the network's degree distribution. Our results are illustrated with numerical simulations on Erd\\"os-Renyi networks and networks with power-law degree distributions.

  17. A problem of hypothetical emerging of matter objects on horizon in the standard model of universe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    V. Skalsky


    In the standard model of universe the increase in mass of our observed expansive Universe is explained by the assumption of emerging the matter objects on the horizon (of the most remote visibility). However, the physical analysis of the influence of this assumption on the velocity of matter objects shows unambiguously that this hypothetical assumption contradicts the theory of gravity.

  18. Residential HVAC Data, Assumptions and Methodology for End-Use Forecasting with EPRI-REEPS 2.1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, F.X.


    Administration. April. EPRI. 1982. Residential End-UseInstitute. EA-2512. July. EPRI. 1990. REEPS 2.0 HVAC ModelInstitute. October 11. EPRI, Electric Power Research

  19. 1 Jitter correction formulae; mmc 11 Oct 97 We start with the assumption that the V 2 reduction can be written

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 Jitter correction formulae; mmc 11 Oct 97 We start with the assumption that the V 2 reduction can be written V 2 = exp \\Gammaoe 2 h ; where oe 2 h is the high­pass phase jitter, given by the frequency \\Gamma2 , C = 0:128. When jitter correction is applied, I have tended to use a conservative value C = 0

  20. 1 Jitter correction formulae; mmc 11 Oct 97 We start with the assumption that the V 2reduction can be written

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 Jitter correction formulae; mmc 11 Oct 97 We start with the assumption that the V 2 jitter, given by the frequency- domain integral Z oe2h: for W (f) / f-2 , C = 0.128. When jitter correction is applied, I have tended to use a conservative

  1. Residential HVAC Data, Assumptions and Methodology for End-Use Forecasting with EPRI-REEPS 2.1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, F.X.


    of contractors in the HVAC market will certainly have anational version of the HVAC market share decision model,equipment 4.5. HVAC Equipment Market Shares We now define

  2. Residential HVAC Data, Assumptions and Methodology for End-Use Forecasting with EPRI-REEPS 2.1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, F.X.


    Efficiency Choice 6.3 New Home HVAC System Choice 6.4. NewJuly. EPRI. 1990. REEPS 2.0 HVAC Model Logic, prepared by1990. Review of Equipment HVAC Choice Parameters. Cambridge

  3. Population dynamics under the Laplace assumption Andr C. Marreiros , Stefan J. Kiebel, Jean Daunizeau, Lee M. Harrison, Karl J. Friston

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daunizeau, Jean

    Daunizeau, Lee M. Harrison, Karl J. Friston The Wellcome Trust Centre for Neuroimaging, Institute processes to our observations and questions (Valdes et al., 1999). Broadly speaking, models are used

  4. Liquid-Droplet as a model for the rotation curve problem

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    F. Darabi


    The dynamics of large scale gravitational structures like galaxies, local groups and clusters is studied based on the so-called {\\it Liquid-Droplet} model describing the saturation property of the nuclear force. Using the assumption that the gravitational force is also saturated over large scale structures, it is argued that the Newtonian gravitational potential may be replaced by an effective {\\it Machian} gravitational potential. Application of this new potential at these large scale structures may give the rotation curves in good agreement with observations. Then, the virial theorem for this kind of gravitational interaction is developed and also the Tully-Fisher relation is obtained. A physical explanation is given for the so-called {\\it constant} acceleration in the MOND as the {\\it effective} gravitational strength of these structures. Finally, a brief argument is given for comparison with dark matter models.

  5. From Structure to Dynamics: Modeling Exciton Dynamics in the Photosynthetic Antenna B. Bru1ggemann, K. Sznee, V. Novoderezhkin, R. van Grondelle, and V. May*,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Röder, Beate

    complemented by various experiments focusing on the dynamics of excitation energy transfer and relaxation afterFrom Structure to Dynamics: Modeling Exciton Dynamics in the Photosynthetic Antenna PS1 B. Bru1 of Sciences and Institute of Molecular Biological Sciences, Vrije UniVersiteit, De Boelelaan 1081, 1081 HV

  6. Investment in Corn-Ethanol Plants in the Midwestern United States: An Analysis Using Reduced-Form and Structural Models1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, C.-Y. Cynthia

    1 Investment in Corn-Ethanol Plants in the Midwestern United States: An Analysis Using Reduced-Form and Structural Models1 C.-Y. Cynthia Lin and Karen E. Thome Abstract Ethanol has attracted considerable policy policy and strategic interactions affect decisions about when and where to invest in building new ethanol

  7. What Factors Affect the Decision to Invest in a Fuel Ethanol Plant? A Structural Model of the Ethanol Investment Timing Game1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, C.-Y. Cynthia

    1 What Factors Affect the Decision to Invest in a Fuel Ethanol Plant? A Structural Model of the Ethanol Investment Timing Game1 C.-Y. Cynthia Lin and Fujin Yi Abstract The decision to invest in building an ethanol plant that uses a particular feedstock is a dynamic decision that may be affected by economic

  8. Modeling the effect of soil structure on water flow and isoproturon dynamics in an agricultural field receiving repeated urban waste compost application

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    field receiving repeated urban waste compost application Vilim Filipovi1,2,3 , Yves Coquet2 , Valérie properties. Tillage practices and compost amendments can modify soil structure and create heterogeneity and compost application on transport processes. A modeling study was performed to evaluate how the presence

  9. Protein Structure Analysis Iosif Vaisman

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vaisman, Iosif

    Biology Crystallography NMR Spectroscopy Protein Informatics Structural Bioinformatics Computational Structural Biology Protein Engineering Protein Design Drug Design Molecular Modeling Proteomics Structural Weissig (Eds) Structural bioinformatics Hoboken, N.J. : Wiley-Liss, 2003. Jenny Gu, Philip Bourne (Eds

  10. Abstract-The assumption that cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) inflow and outflow is an essential element of an intracranial

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alwan, Abeer

    infusion test technique. Keywords - Intracranial pressure, lumped model, venous flow I. INTRODUCTION was considered the "closed-box case". Using the standard infusion test, the kidney capsule compliance (and hence box compliance) was estimated from a p-v curve generated by a controlled arterial volume infusion

  11. Residential HVAC Data, Assumptions and Methodology for End-Use Forecasting with EPRI-REEPS 2.1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    30% of electricity consumption, 70% of natural gas consumption and 90% of oil consumption in the U by the Electric Power Research Institute (McMenamin et al. 1992). This modeling framework treats space consumption in residences (EIA 1993). This report is primarily methodological in nature, taking the reader

  12. Risk assessment for the Waste Technologies Industries (WTI) hazardous waste incineration facility (East Liverpool, Ohio). Volume 4. Atmospheric dispersion and deposition modeling of emissions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)



    Contents: Introduction; Technical Description of ISC-COMPDEP; Modeling Input Parameters; Discussion of Modeling Results; Summary and Major Assumptions; and References.

  13. Continuous mutual improvement of macromolecular structure models in the PDB and of X-ray crystallographic software: the dual role of deposited experimental data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Terwilliger, Thomas C., E-mail: [Los Alamos National Laboratory, Mail Stop M888, Los Alamos, NM 87507 (United States); Bricogne, Gerard, E-mail: [Global Phasing Ltd, Sheraton House, Castle Park, Cambridge CB3 0AX (United Kingdom); Los Alamos National Laboratory, Mail Stop M888, Los Alamos, NM 87507 (United States)


    Macromolecular structures deposited in the PDB can and should be continually reinterpreted and improved on the basis of their accompanying experimental X-ray data, exploiting the steady progress in methods and software that the deposition of such data into the PDB on a massive scale has made possible. Accurate crystal structures of macromolecules are of high importance in the biological and biomedical fields. Models of crystal structures in the Protein Data Bank (PDB) are in general of very high quality as deposited. However, methods for obtaining the best model of a macromolecular structure from a given set of experimental X-ray data continue to progress at a rapid pace, making it possible to improve most PDB entries after their deposition by re-analyzing the original deposited data with more recent software. This possibility represents a very significant departure from the situation that prevailed when the PDB was created, when it was envisioned as a cumulative repository of static contents. A radical paradigm shift for the PDB is therefore proposed, away from the static archive model towards a much more dynamic body of continuously improving results in symbiosis with continuously improving methods and software. These simultaneous improvements in methods and final results are made possible by the current deposition of processed crystallographic data (structure-factor amplitudes) and will be supported further by the deposition of raw data (diffraction images). It is argued that it is both desirable and feasible to carry out small-scale and large-scale efforts to make this paradigm shift a reality. Small-scale efforts would focus on optimizing structures that are of interest to specific investigators. Large-scale efforts would undertake a systematic re-optimization of all of the structures in the PDB, or alternatively the redetermination of groups of structures that are either related to or focused on specific questions. All of the resulting structures should be made generally available, along with the precursor entries, with various views of the structures being made available depending on the types of questions that users are interested in answering.

  14. Analysis of Asteroid (216) Kleopatra using dynamical and structural constraints

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hirabayashi, Masatoshi


    Given the spin state by Magnusson (1990), the shape model by Ostro et al. (2000), and the mass by Descamps et al. (2011), this paper evaluates a dynamically and structurally stable size of Asteroid (216) Kleopatra. In particular, we investigate two different failure modes: material shedding from the surface and structural failure of the internal body. We construct zero-velocity curves in the vicinity of this asteroid to determine surface shedding, while we utilize a limit analysis to calculate the lower and upper bounds of structural failure under the zero-cohesion assumption. Surface shedding does not occur at the current spin period (5.385 hr) and cannot directly initiate the formation of the satellites. On the other hand, this body may be close to structural failure; in particular, the neck may be situated near a plastic state. In addition, the neck's sensitivity to structural failure changes as the body size varies. We conclude that plastic deformation has probably occurred around the neck part in the pas...

  15. Electronic structure of the SiN{sub x}/TiN interface: A model system for superhard nanocomposites

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Patscheider, Joerg [EMPA, Laboratory for Nanoscale Materials Science, Ueberlandstrasse 129 CH-8600 Duebendorf (Switzerland); Department of Materials Science and Frederick Seitz Materials Research Laboratory University of Illinois, 104 S. Goodwin Avenue, Urbana, Illinois 61801 (United States); Hellgren, Niklas [Department of Materials Science and Frederick Seitz Materials Research Laboratory University of Illinois, 104 S. Goodwin Avenue, Urbana, Illinois 61801 (United States); Messiah College, Department of Mathematical Sciences, P.O. Box 3041, One College Ave., Grantham, Pennsylvania 17027 (United States); Haasch, Richard T.; Petrov, Ivan; Greene, J. E. [Department of Materials Science and Frederick Seitz Materials Research Laboratory University of Illinois, 104 S. Goodwin Avenue, Urbana, Illinois 61801 (United States)


    Nanostructured materials such as nanocomposites and nanolaminates--subjects of intense interest in modern materials research--are defined by internal interfaces, the nature of which is generally unknown. Nevertheless, the interfaces often determine the bulk properties. An example of this is superhard nanocomposites with hardness approaching that of diamond. TiN/Si{sub 3}N{sub 4} nanocomposites (TiN nanocrystals encapsulated in a fully percolated SiN{sub x} tissue phase) and nanolaminates, in particular, have attracted much attention as model systems for the synthesis of such superhard materials. Here, we use in situ angle-resolved x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy to probe the electronic structure of Si{sub 3}N{sub 4}/TiN(001), Si/TiN(001), and Ti/TiN(001) bilayer interfaces, in which 4-ML-thick overlayers are grown in an ultrahigh vacuum system by reactive magnetron sputter deposition onto epitaxial TiN layers on MgO(001). The thickness of the Si{sub 3}N{sub 4}, Si, and Ti overlayers is chosen to be thin enough to insure sufficient electron transparency to probe the interfaces, while being close to values reported in typical nanocomposites and nanolaminates. The results show that these overlayer/TiN(001) interfaces have distinctly different bonding characteristics. Si{sub 3}N{sub 4} exhibits interface polarization through the formation of an interlayer, in which the N concentration is enhanced at higher substrate bias values during Si{sub 3}N{sub 4} deposition. The increased number of Ti-N bonds at the interface, together with the resulting polarization, strengthens interfacial bonding. In contrast, overlayers of Si and, even more so, metallic Ti weaken the interface by minimizing the valence band energy difference between the two phases. A model is proposed that provides a semiquantitative explanation of the interfacial bond strength in nitrogen-saturated and nitrogen-deficient Ti-Si-N nanocomposites.

  16. Structural control of elastic moduli in ferrogels and the importance of non-affine deformations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Giorgio Pessot; Peet Cremer; Dmitry Y. Borin; Stefan Odenbach; Hartmut Löwen; Andreas M. Menzel


    One of the central appealing properties of magnetic gels and elastomers is that their elastic moduli can reversibly be adjusted from outside by applying magnetic fields. The impact of the internal magnetic particle distribution on this effect has been outlined and analyzed theoretically. In most cases, however, affine sample deformations are studied and often regular particle arrangements are considered. Here we challenge these two major simplifications by a systematic approach using a minimal dipole-spring model. Starting from different regular lattices, we take into account increasingly randomized structures, until we finally investigate an irregular texture taken from a real experimental sample. On the one hand, we find that the elastic tunability qualitatively depends on the structural properties, here in two spatial dimensions. On the other hand, we demonstrate that the assumption of affine deformations leads to increasingly erroneous results the more realistic the particle distribution becomes. Understanding the consequences of the assumptions made in the modeling process is important on our way to support an improved design of these fascinating materials.

  17. 7-117 The claim of a heat pump designer regarding the COP of the heat pump is to be evaluated. Assumptions The heat pump operates steadily.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bahrami, Majid

    7-47 7-117 The claim of a heat pump designer regarding the COP of the heat pump is to be evaluated. Assumptions The heat pump operates steadily. HP Wnet,in QH QL TL TH Analysis The maximum heat pump coefficient of performance would occur if the heat pump were completely reversible, 5.7 K026K300 K300 COP maxHP, LH H TT

  18. Plug-in Hybrid Modeling and Application: Cost/Benefit Analysis (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Simpson, A.


    Presents data from a simulation of plug-in hybrid electric vehicle efficiency and cost, including baseline vehicle assumptions, powertrain technology scenarios, and component modeling.

  19. Influence of two dynamic predictive clothing insulation models on building energy performance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Kwang Ho; Schiavon, Stefano


    Predictive Clothing Insulation Models on Building Energyunnecessarily higher clothing insulation and lower heatingthat the constant clothing insulation assumption lead to the

  20. Generating Structurally Complex Test Cases by Data Mutation: A Case Study of Testing an Automated Modelling Tool

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhu, Hong

    - 1 - Generating Structurally Complex Test Cases by Data Mutation: A Case Study of Testing Brookes University, Oxford OX33 1HX, UK Email: ABSTRACT Generation of adequate test cases is difficult and expensive, especially for testing software systems whose input is structurally

  1. Solar Structure in terms of Gauss' Hypergeometric Function

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    H. J. Haubold; A. M. Mathai


    Hydrostatic equilibrium and energy conservation determine the conditions in the gravitationally stabilized solar fusion reactor. We assume a matter density distribution varying non- linearly through the central region of the Sun. The analytic solutions of the differential equations of mass conservation, hydrostatic equilibrium, and energy conservation, together with the equation of state of the perfect gas and a nuclear energy generation rate $\\epsilon=\\epsilon_0\\rho^nT^m$, are given in terms of Gauss' hypergeometric function. This model for the structure of the Sun gives the run of density, mass pressure, temperature, and nuclear energy generation through the central region of the Sun. Because of the assumption of a matter density distribution, the conditions of hydrostatic equilibrium and energy conservation are separated from the mode of energy transport in the Sun.


    SciTech Connect (OSTI)



    A study was performed by Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) under the sponsorship of the U. S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (USNRC), to determine the applicability of established soil-structure interaction analysis methods and computer programs to deeply embedded and/or buried (DEB) nuclear power plant (NPP) structures. This paper provides an overview of the BNL study including a description and discussions of analyses performed to assess relative performance of various SSI analysis methods typically applied to NPP structures, as well as the importance of interface modeling for DEB structures. There are four main elements contained in the BNL study: (1) Review and evaluation of existing seismic design practice, (2) Assessment of simplified vs. detailed methods for SSI in-structure response spectrum analysis of DEB structures, (3) Assessment of methods for computing seismic induced earth pressures on DEB structures, and (4) Development of the criteria for benchmark problems which could be used for validating computer programs for computing seismic responses of DEB NPP structures. The BNL study concluded that the equivalent linear SSI methods, including both simplified and detailed approaches, can be extended to DEB structures and produce acceptable SSI response calculations, provided that the SSI response induced by the ground motion is very much within the linear regime or the non-linear effect is not anticipated to control the SSI response parameters. The BNL study also revealed that the response calculation is sensitive to the modeling assumptions made for the soil/structure interface and application of a particular material model for the soil.

  3. Effect of Network Structure on Characterization and Flow Modeling Using X-ray Micro-Tomography Images of Granular and Fibrous Porous Media

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bhattad, Pradeep; Willson, Clinton S.; Thompson, Karsten E. (LSU)


    Image-based network modeling has become a powerful tool for modeling transport in real materials that have been imaged using X-ray computed micro-tomography (XCT) or other three-dimensional imaging techniques. Network generation is an essential part of image-based network modeling, but little quantitative work has been done to understand the influence of different network structures on modeling. We use XCT images of three different porous materials (disordered packings of spheres, sand, and cylinders) to create a series of four networks for each material. Despite originating from the same data, the networks can be made to vary over two orders of magnitude in pore density, which in turn affects network properties such as pore-size distribution and pore connectivity. Despite the orders-of-magnitude difference in pore density, single-phase permeability predictions remain remarkably consistent for a given material, even for the simplest throat conductance formulas. Detailed explanations for this beneficial attribute are given in the article; in general, it is a consequence of using physically representative network models. The capillary pressure curve generated from quasi-static drainage is more sensitive to network structure than permeability. However, using the capillary pressure curve to extract pore-size distributions gives reasonably consistent results even though the networks vary significantly. These results provide encouraging evidence that robust network modeling algorithms are not overly sensitive to the specific structure of the underlying physically representative network, which is important given the variety image-based network-generation strategies that have been developed in recent years.

  4. Electrical characterization and modeling of the Au/CaF{sub 2}/nSi(111) structures with high-quality tunnel-thin fluoride layer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vexler, M. I. [Institut fuer Elektronische Bauelemente und Schaltungstechnik, TU Braunschweig, Hans-Sommer-Strasse 66, D-38106 Braunschweig (Germany); A. F. Ioffe Physical-Technical Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 26 Polytechnicheskaya Str., 194021 St.-Petersburg (Russian Federation); Sokolov, N. S.; Suturin, S. M.; Banshchikov, A. G. [A. F. Ioffe Physical-Technical Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 26 Polytechnicheskaya Str., 194021 St.-Petersburg (Russian Federation); Tyaginov, S. E. [A. F. Ioffe Physical-Technical Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 26 Polytechnicheskaya Str., 194021 St.-Petersburg (Russian Federation); Christian-Dopper-Laboratory and Institut fuer Mikroelektronik, TU Wien, Gusshausstrasse 25-29, A-1040 Vienna (Austria); Grasser, T. [Christian-Dopper-Laboratory and Institut fuer Mikroelektronik, TU Wien, Gusshausstrasse 25-29, A-1040 Vienna (Austria)


    Au/CaF{sub 2}/nSi(111) structures with 4-5 monolayers of epitaxial fluoride are fabricated and electrically tested. The leakage current in these structures was substantially smaller than in similar samples reported previously. Simulations adopting a Franz-type dispersion relation with Franz mass of m{sub F}approx1.2m{sub 0} for carriers in the forbidden band of CaF{sub 2} reproduced the measured current-voltage curves quite satisfactorily. Roughly, these curves could also be reproduced using the parabolic dispersion law with the electron mass of m{sub e}=1.0m{sub 0}, which is a material constant rather than a fitting parameter. Experimental facts and their comparison to modeling results allow qualification of the crystalline quality of fabricated structures as sufficient for device applications.

  5. Individual heterogeneity in life history processes: Estimation and applications of demographic models to stage-structured arthropod populations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scranton, Katherine


    cois, 2008. Non-linear regression models for approximateparameters. They use non-linear regression of parameters on

  6. EARTHQUAKE ENGINEERING AND STRUCTURAL DYNAMICS Earthquake Engng Struct. Dyn. 2009; 38:16871708

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baker, Jack W.

    the assumption of isotropy used in developing the spatial correlation models. It is seen using the Northridge and Chi-Chi earthquake time histories that the isotropy assumption is reasonable at both long and short infrastructure systems (such as transportation networks, oil and water pipeline networks and power systems

  7. FastFEM: Breaking Wave Impact on Ships Wave breaking and wave impact on maritime structures are difficult to model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wirosoetisno, Djoko

    are difficult to model mathematically and numerically. The challenge is that nonlinear and breaking waves with fine-scale dynamic air-water interfaces need to be modelled efficiently, including their interactions measurements in wave basins. These potential flow models will be developed further at the University of Twente

  8. A note on the relationship between turbulent coherent structures and phase correlation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kang, Yanfei; Beluši?, Danijel, E-mail:; Smith-Miles, Kate [School of Mathematical Sciences, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria 3800 (Australia)] [School of Mathematical Sciences, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria 3800 (Australia)


    Various definitions of coherent structures exist in turbulence research, but a common assumption is that coherent structures have correlated spectral phases. As a result, randomization of phases is believed, generally, to remove coherent structures from the measured data. Here, we reexamine these assumptions using atmospheric turbulence measurements. Small-scale coherent structures are detected in the usual way using the wavelet transform. A considerable percentage of the detected structures are not phase correlated, although some of them are clearly organized in space and time. At larger scales, structures have even higher degree of spatiotemporal coherence but are also associated with weak phase correlation. A series of specific examples are shown to demonstrate this. These results warn about the vague terminology and assumptions around coherent structures, particularly for complex real-world turbulence.

  9. Advanced Modeling and Evaluation of the Response of Base-Isolated Nuclear Facility Structures to Vertical Earthquake Excitation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Keldrauk, Eric Scott


    Structures . iii 3 Nuclear Power Plants 3.1 Nuclear FacilityKashiwazaki-Kariwa Nuclear Power Plant 3.3.1 2004 Ch¯ uetsuno seismically-isolated nuclear plant has been constructed

  10. Residential sector end-use forecasting with EPRI-Reeps 2.1: Summary input assumptions and results

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Koomey, J.G.; Brown, R.E.; Richey, R. [and others


    This paper describes current and projected future energy use by end-use and fuel for the U.S. residential sector, and assesses which end-uses are growing most rapidly over time. The inputs to this forecast are based on a multi-year data compilation effort funded by the U.S. Department of Energy. We use the Electric Power Research Institute`s (EPRI`s) REEPS model, as reconfigured to reflect the latest end-use technology data. Residential primary energy use is expected to grow 0.3% per year between 1995 and 2010, while electricity demand is projected to grow at about 0.7% per year over this period. The number of households is expected to grow at about 0.8% per year, which implies that the overall primary energy intensity per household of the residential sector is declining, and the electricity intensity per household is remaining roughly constant over the forecast period. These relatively low growth rates are dependent on the assumed growth rate for miscellaneous electricity, which is the single largest contributor to demand growth in many recent forecasts.

  11. Maui Electrical System Model Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 2. Simulation Data and Assumptions 1 2.1 Economic Data and Assumptions 1 2.1.1 Thermal Plants 1 2 of the power plant FUEL_TYPE OIL-Distillate Oil (No.2); RENEW - zero cost fuel used for modeling Wind & Geoth.1.2 Independent Power Producers 2 2.1.3 Load Demand 2 2.2 Dynamics 4 2.2.1 Load Flow 4 Database Conversion

  12. Essays on Incorporating Risk Modeling Techniques in Agriculture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Larsen, Ryan A.


    single period model, an asymmetric risk measure, conditional value at risk, and asymmetric dependence measure, copulas, are implemented into the portfolio optimization model. The efficient frontiers under both symmetric and asymmetric assumptions show...

  13. Concentrating Solar Deployment System (CSDS) -- A New Model for Estimating U.S. Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) Market Potential: Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Blair, N.; Mehos, M.; Short, W.; Heimiller, D.


    This paper presents the Concentrating Solar Deployment System Model (CSDS). CSDS is a multiregional, multitime-period, Geographic Information System (GIS), and linear programming model of capacity expansion in the electric sector of the United States. CSDS is designed to address the principal market and policy issues related to the penetration of concentrating solar power (CSP) electric-sector technologies. This paper discusses the current structure, capabilities, and assumptions of the model. Additionally, results are presented for the impact of continued research and development (R&D) spending, an extension to the investment tax credit (ITC), and use of a production tax credit (PTC). CSDS is an extension of the Wind Deployment System (WinDS) model created at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL). While WinDS examines issues related to wind, CSDS is an extension to analyze similar issues for CSP applications. Specifically, a detailed representation of parabolic trough systems with thermal storage has been developed within the existing structure.

  14. A preliminary investigation of the structure of southern Yucca Flat, Massachusetts Mountain, and CP basin, Nevada Test Site, Nevada, based on geophysical modeling.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Geoffrey A. Phelps; Leigh Justet; Barry C. Moring, and Carter W. Roberts


    New gravity and magnetic data collected in the vicinity of Massachusetts Mountain and CP basin (Nevada Test Site, NV) provides a more complex view of the structural relationships present in the vicinity of CP basin than previous geologic models, helps define the position and extent of structures in southern Yucca Flat and CP basin, and better constrains the configuration of the basement structure separating CP basin and Frenchman Flat. The density and gravity modeling indicates that CP basin is a shallow, oval-shaped basin which trends north-northeast and contains ~800 m of basin-filling rocks and sediment at its deepest point in the northeast. CP basin is separated from the deeper Frenchman Flat basin by a subsurface ridge that may represent a Tertiary erosion surface at the top of the Paleozoic strata. The magnetic modeling indicates that the Cane Spring fault appears to merge with faults in northwest Massachusetts Mountain, rather than cut through to Yucca Flat basin and that the basin is downed-dropped relative to Massachusetts Mountain. The magnetic modeling indicates volcanic units within Yucca Flat basin are down-dropped on the west and supports the interpretations of Phelps and KcKee (1999). The magnetic data indicate that the only faults that appear to be through-going from Yucca Flat into either Frenchman Flat or CP basin are the faults that bound the CP hogback. In general, the north-trending faults present along the length of Yucca Flat bend, merge, and disappear before reaching CP hogback and Massachusetts Mountain or French Peak.

  15. Fully Nonlinear Potential Flow Model of an Experimental Submerged Moored Structure Huan Lin, David Robinson, Solomon Yim*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yim, Solomon C.

    approximation of the nonlinear restoring, and hydrodynamic excitation of inertia and drag components. The waves. The structural system is approximated as a 2- D cylinder. A piston-type wavemaker is employed to generate surface of an alternative form of Morison hydrodynamic damping (independent- flow-field), a three-term polynomial

  16. Paper No. 2004-mfb-03 Kelly Page: 1 of 4 Tensile Loading of Model Caisson Foundations for Structures on Sand

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Byrne, Byron

    . In the particular case of offshore wind turbines, large moments are applied at foundation level by the action the ultimate capacity is large in both cases (and controlled by the cavitation of the pore fluid the coast of the UK. In the first instance many of the wind turbine structures will be founded on piles

  17. Electronic Structure of Nickel(II) and Zinc(II) Borohydrides from Spectroscopic Measurements and Computational Modeling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weston, Ken

    Electronic Structure of Nickel(II) and Zinc(II) Borohydrides from Spectroscopic Measurements materials for solid phase hydrogen storage. In some cases, nickel and other transition metals can play a role in the catalytic decomposition of these solid phase hydrides.6 Nickel exhibits rich and varied

  18. Multi-physics modeling of the fabrication and dynamic performance of all-metal auxetic-hexagonal sandwich-structures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grujicic, Mica

    -structures subjected to blast loading. The results obtained clearly showed that the effect of prior processing must to investigate the effect of the prior processing and the resulting microstructure on the performance of all when subjected to blast loading. Ó 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. 1. Introduction Within

  19. Used Nuclear Fuel Loading and Structural Performance Under Normal Conditions of Transport - Modeling, Simulation and Experimental Integration RD&D Plan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Adkins, Harold E. [Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)


    Under current U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission regulation, it is not sufficient for used nuclear fuel (UNF) to simply maintain its integrity during the storage period, it must maintain its integrity in such a way that it can withstand the physical forces of handling and transportation associated with restaging the fuel and moving it to treatment or recycling facilities, or a geologic repository. Hence it is necessary to understand the performance characteristics of aged UNF cladding and ancillary components under loadings stemming from transport initiatives. Researchers would like to demonstrate that enough information, including experimental support and modeling and simulation capabilities, exists to establish a preliminary determination of UNF structural performance under normal conditions of transport (NCT). This research, development and demonstration (RD&D) plan describes a methodology, including development and use of analytical models, to evaluate loading and associated mechanical responses of UNF rods and key structural components. This methodology will be used to provide a preliminary assessment of the performance characteristics of UNF cladding and ancillary components under rail-related NCT loading. The methodology couples modeling and simulation and experimental efforts currently under way within the Used Fuel Disposition Campaign (UFDC). The methodology will involve limited uncertainty quantification in the form of sensitivity evaluations focused around available fuel and ancillary fuel structure properties exclusively. The work includes collecting information via literature review, soliciting input/guidance from subject matter experts, performing computational analyses, planning experimental measurement and possible execution (depending on timing), and preparing a variety of supporting documents that will feed into and provide the basis for future initiatives. The methodology demonstration will focus on structural performance evaluation of Westinghouse WE 17×17 pressurized water reactor fuel assemblies with a discharge burnup range of 30-58 GWd/MTU (assembly average), loaded in a representative high-capacity (?32 fuel rod assemblies) transportation package. Evaluations will be performed for representative normal conditions of rail transport involving a rail conveyance capable of meeting the Association of American Railroads (AAR) S-2043 specification. UNF modeling is anticipated to be defined to the pellet-cladding level and take in to account influences associated with spacer grids, intermediate fluid mixers, and control components. The influence of common degradation issues such as ductile-to-brittle-transition will also be accounted for. All model development and analysis will be performed with commercially available software packages exclusively. Inputs and analyses will be completely documented, all supporting information will be traceable, and bases will be defendable so as to be most useful to the U.S. Department of Energy community and mission. The expected completion date is the end of fiscal year (FY) 2013.

  20. Structure and modeling of the network of two-Chinese-character compound words in the Japanese language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yamamoto, Ken


    This paper proposes a numerical model of the network of two-Chinese-character compound words (two-character network, for short). In this network, a Chinese character is a node and a two-Chinese-character compound word links two nodes. The basic framework of the model is that an important character gets many edges. As the importance of a character, we use the frequency of each character appearing in publications. The direction of edge is given according to a random number assigned to nodes. The network generated by the model is small-world and scale-free, and reproduces statistical properties in the actual two-character network quantitatively.

  1. Solar Deployment System (SolarDS) Model: Documentation and Sample Results

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Denholm, P.; Drury, E.; Margolis, R.


    The Solar Deployment System (SolarDS) model is a bottom-up, market penetration model that simulates the potential adoption of photovoltaics (PV) on residential and commercial rooftops in the continental United States through 2030. NREL developed SolarDS to examine the market competitiveness of PV based on regional solar resources, capital costs, electricity prices, utility rate structures, and federal and local incentives. The model uses the projected financial performance of PV systems to simulate PV adoption for building types and regions then aggregates adoption to state and national levels. The main components of SolarDS include a PV performance simulator, a PV annual revenue calculator, a PV financial performance calculator, a PV market share calculator, and a regional aggregator. The model simulates a variety of installed PV capacity for a range of user-specified input parameters. PV market penetration levels from 15 to 193 GW by 2030 were simulated in preliminary model runs. SolarDS results are primarily driven by three model assumptions: (1) future PV cost reductions, (2) the maximum PV market share assumed for systems with given financial performance, and (3) PV financing parameters and policy-driven assumptions, such as the possible future cost of carbon emissions.

  2. Development of a Kelp-type Structure Module in a Coastal Ocean Model to Assess the Hydrodynamic Impact of Seawater Uranium Extraction Technology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang, Taiping; Khangaonkar, Tarang; Long, Wen; Gill, Gary A.


    In recent years, with the rapid growth of global energy demand, the interest in extracting uranium from seawater for nuclear energy has been renewed. While extracting seawater uranium is not yet commercially viable, it serves as a “backstop” to the conventional uranium resources and provides an essentially unlimited supply of uranium resource. With recent advances in seawater uranium extraction technology, extracting uranium from seawater could be economically feasible when the extraction devices are deployed at a large scale (e.g., several hundred km2). There is concern however that the large scale deployment of adsorbent farms could result in potential impacts to the hydrodynamic flow field in an oceanic setting. In this study, a kelp-type structure module was incorporated into a coastal ocean model to simulate the blockage effect of uranium extraction devices on the flow field. The module was quantitatively validated against laboratory flume experiments for both velocity and turbulence profiles. The model-data comparison showed an overall good agreement and validated the approach of applying the model to assess the potential hydrodynamic impact of uranium extraction devices or other underwater structures in coastal oceans.

  3. A New, Stochastic, Energy Model of the U.S. is Under Construction: SEDS and Its Industrial Structure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roop, J. M.

    -duty vehicles and heavy-duty vehicles. The industrial sector is currently modeled as a single sector, using the latest Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey (MECS) to calibrate energy consumption to end-use energy categories: boilers, process heating...

  4. Preliminary Assumptions for Wind Technologies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and incentives for renewable resources Federal Production Tax Credit (PTC) 2.3 cents/kWh over first 10 years of operation Investment Tax Credit (ITC) alternative 30% towards developer's income tax for qualifying solar, fuel cell and small wind (geothermal, CHP BETC ­ just Oregon (now expired) 5 #12

  5. Section 25: Future State Assumptions

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over Our Instagram Secretary Moniz is Taking Over OurSecretaryFigureAtmospheric

  6. Federal and State Structures to Support Financing Utility-Scale Solar Projects and the Business Models Designed to Utilize Them

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mendelsohn, M.; Kreycik, C.


    Utility-scale solar projects have grown rapidly in number and size over the last few years, driven in part by strong renewable portfolio standards (RPS) and federal incentives designed to stimulate investment in renewable energy technologies. This report provides an overview of such policies, as well as the project financial structures they enable, based on industry literature, publicly available data, and questionnaires conducted by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL).

  7. A multi-scale approach to statistical and model-based structural health monitoring with application to embedded sensing for wind energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taylor, Stuart Glynn


    rotor blade," Structural Health Monitoring, accepted 12-Novdeployed for structural health monitoring applications,"J. -R. Lee, "Structural health monitoring of research-scale

  8. EMC effect with different oscillator-model parameters $h?$ for different shells by considering difference between proton and neutron structure functions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    F. Zolfagharpour


    The magnitude of binding energy used in the conventional nuclear theory to explain the EMC experimental data, seems to be larger than the one expected. In this paper to get sufficient depletion in the binding energy, different oscillator-model parameters $ \\textit{$h\\omega$} $ for different shells and the proton (neutron) structure function that have good agrement with experimental data are used. The extracted results for $^4He, ^{12}C, ^{40}Ca$ and $^{56}Fe$ nuclei show that one can get improved results in medium x ranges by less binding energy.

  9. Structure, Vol. 13, 12791288, September, 2005, 2005 Elsevier Ltd All rights reserved. DOI 10.1016/j.str.2005.06.010 A Twisted Four-Sheeted Model for an Amyloid Fibril

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Regan, Lynne

    data, for the basic structure of an amyloid fibril formed by using the vari- ants of the B1 domain be induced to form fibers in vitro have very different sequences and three-dimensional structures.1016/j.str.2005.06.010 A Twisted Four-Sheeted Model for an Amyloid Fibril Jimin Wang,1, * Susanne Gülich

  10. ``chawlas'' Modeling Spatial

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shekhar, Shashi

    ``chawlas'' 2001/2/2 page 1 i i i i i i i i Modeling Spatial Dependencies for Mining Geospatial data sets. These organizations are spread across many domains including ecology and envi­ ronment mining algorithms[1] often make assumptions (e.g. independent, identical distributions) which violate


    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mease, Kenneth D.

    turbine module (compressor and turbine sub-modules) Catalytic oxidizer Combustor module Heat exchanger, PEM, Gas Turbine General Model Assumptions · 1D process flow · Well-stirred within nodal volume · Slow reactants #12;Steam Reformation ­ Occurs in Reformer and Fuel Cells Methane reformation reaction Water Gas


    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Guo, Y.; Ding, M. D. [School of Astronomy and Space Science, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093 (China); Liu, Y.; Sun, X. D. [W. W. Hansen Experimental Physics Laboratory, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305 (United States); DeRosa, M. L. [Lockheed Martin Advanced Technology Center, 3251 Hanover Street, Palo Alto, CA 94304 (United States); Wiegelmann, T., E-mail: [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Sonnensystemforschung, Max-Planck-Strasse 2, D-37191 Katlenburg-Lindau (Germany)


    We test a nonlinear force-free field (NLFFF) optimization code in spherical geometry using an analytical solution from Low and Lou. Several tests are run, ranging from idealized cases where exact vector field data are provided on all boundaries, to cases where noisy vector data are provided on only the lower boundary (approximating the solar problem). Analytical tests also show that the NLFFF code in the spherical geometry performs better than that in the Cartesian one when the field of view of the bottom boundary is large, say, 20 Degree-Sign Multiplication-Sign 20 Degree-Sign . Additionally, we apply the NLFFF model to an active region observed by the Helioseismic and Magnetic Imager on board the Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) both before and after an M8.7 flare. For each observation time, we initialize the models using potential field source surface (PFSS) extrapolations based on either a synoptic chart or a flux-dispersal model, and compare the resulting NLFFF models. The results show that NLFFF extrapolations using the flux-dispersal model as the boundary condition have slightly lower, therefore better, force-free, and divergence-free metrics, and contain larger free magnetic energy. By comparing the extrapolated magnetic field lines with the extreme ultraviolet (EUV) observations by the Atmospheric Imaging Assembly on board SDO, we find that the NLFFF performs better than the PFSS not only for the core field of the flare productive region, but also for large EUV loops higher than 50 Mm.

  13. Direct-contact condensers for open-cycle OTEC applications: Model validation with fresh water experiments for structured packings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bharathan, D.; Parsons, B.K.; Althof, J.A.


    The objective of the reported work was to develop analytical methods for evaluating the design and performance of advanced high-performance heat exchangers for use in open-cycle thermal energy conversion (OC-OTEC) systems. This report describes the progress made on validating a one-dimensional, steady-state analytical computer of fresh water experiments. The condenser model represents the state of the art in direct-contact heat exchange for condensation for OC-OTEC applications. This is expected to provide a basis for optimizing OC-OTEC plant configurations. Using the model, we examined two condenser geometries, a cocurrent and a countercurrent configuration. This report provides detailed validation results for important condenser parameters for cocurrent and countercurrent flows. Based on the comparisons and uncertainty overlap between the experimental data and predictions, the model is shown to predict critical condenser performance parameters with an uncertainty acceptable for general engineering design and performance evaluations. 33 refs., 69 figs., 38 tabs.

  14. Modeling Long-term Creep Performance for Welded Nickel-base Superalloy Structures for Power Generation Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shen, Chen


    We report here a constitutive model for predicting long-term creep strain evolution in ?’ strengthened Ni-base superalloys. Dislocation climb-bypassing ?’, typical in intermediate ?’ volume fraction (~20%) alloys, is considered as the primary deformation mechanism. Dislocation shearing ?’ to anti-phase boundary (APB) faults and diffusional creep are also considered for high-stress and high-temperature low-stress conditions, respectively. Additional damage mechanism is taken into account for rapid increase in tertiary creep strain. The model has been applied to Alloy 282, and calibrated in a temperature range of 1375-1450?F, and stress range of 15-45ksi. The model parameters and a MATLAB code are provided. This report is prepared by Monica Soare and Chen Shen at GE Global Research. Technical discussions with Dr. Vito Cedro are greatly appreciated. This work was supported by DOE program DE-FE0005859

  15. Local error estimates dramatically improve the utility of homology models for solving crystal structures by molecular replacement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bunkóczi, Gábor; Wallner, Björn; Read, Randy J.


    calculated with MUSCLE (Edgar, 2004). ts, homology models were created using ini et al., 2014), based on the template ed as MR models. This step was required iction, since the actual sequence has to be cture and side chains have to be present. selected... , 2014 Published: January 22, 2015 REFERENCES Adams, P.D., Afonine, P.V., Bunko´czi, G., Chen, V.B., Davis, I.W., Echols, N., Headd, J.J., Hung, L.W., Kapral, G.J., Grosse-Kunstleve, R.W., et al. (2010).Nature 473, 540–543. Edgar, R.C. (2004). MUSCLE...

  16. Assumptions and Criteria for Performing a Feasability Study of the Conversion of the High Flux Isotope Reactor Core to Use Low-Enriched Uranium Fuel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Primm, R.T., III; Ellis, R.J.; Gehin, J.C.; Moses, D.L.; Binder, J.L.; Xoubi, N. (U. of Cincinnati)


    A computational study will be initiated during fiscal year 2006 to examine the feasibility of converting the High Flux Isotope Reactor from highly enriched uranium fuel to low-enriched uranium. The study will be limited to steady-state, nominal operation, reactor physics and thermal-hydraulic analyses of a uranium-molybdenum alloy that would be substituted for the current fuel powder--U{sub 3}O{sub 8} mixed with aluminum. The purposes of this document are to (1) define the scope of studies to be conducted, (2) define the methodologies to be used to conduct the studies, (3) define the assumptions that serve as input to the methodologies, (4) provide an efficient means for communication with the Department of Energy and American research reactor operators, and (5) expedite review and commentary by those parties.

  17. A Model Of Pedestal Structure J.D. Callen, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706-1609

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

    -limited, quasi-equilibrium pedestal structure be predicted? 00.0 52.1 05.2 57.3 00.5 0.0 2.0 4.0 6.0 8.0 0.0 1.0 2.0 3.0 4.0 0.0 3.0 6.0 9.0 2.1 0004 0024 0044 0064 0084 0005 0 1 2 3 4 ne - WMHD D T n e e ped ped · Discussion: sources of error -- in key data and paleoclassical theory pedestal profile evolution into ELMs

  18. N=(0, 2) Deformation of (2, 2) Sigma Models: Geometric Structure, Holomorphic Anomaly and Exact Beta Functions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jin Chen; Xiaoyi Cui; Mikhail Shifman; Arkady Vainshtein


    We study N=(0,2) deformed (2,2) two-dimensional sigma models. Such heterotic models were discovered previously on the world sheet of non-Abelian strings supported by certain four-dimensional N=1 theories. We study geometric aspects and holomorphic properties of these models, and derive a number of exact expressions for the beta functions in terms of the anomalous dimensions analogous to the NSVZ beta function in four-dimensional Yang-Mills. Instanton calculus provides a straightforward method for the derivation. The anomalous dimensions are calculated up to two loops implying that one of the beta functions is explicitly known up to three loops. The fixed point in the ratio of the couplings found previously at one loop is not shifted at two loops. We also consider the N=(0,2) supercurrent supermultiplet (the so-called hypercurrent) and its anomalies, as well as the "Konishi anomaly." This gives us another method for finding exact $\\beta$ functions. We prove that despite the chiral nature of the models under consideration quantum loops preserve isometries of the target space.

  19. Achieving Structural and Composable Modeling of Complex Systems David I. August Sharad Malik Li-Shiuan Peh

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    employed to- day is hand-writing monolithic simulators in sequential pro- gramming languages such as C or C of failure. ¯ Rapid Reuse. Monolithic simulator tools tend to be "one-off" items often rewritten from scratch for each project. Models of the same single component may be written many times to fit each simulation

  20. A high-entropy wind r-process study based on nuclear-structure quantities from the new finite-range droplet model FRDM(2012)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karl-Ludwig Kratz; Khalil Farouqi; Peter Möller


    Theoretical studies of the nucleosynthesis origin of the heavy elements in our Solar System (S.S.) by the rapid neutron-capture process (r-process) still face the entwined uncertainties in the possible astrophysical scenarios and the nuclear-physics properties far from stability. In this paper we present results from the investigation of an r-process in the high-entropy wind (HEW) of core-collapse supernovae (here chosen as one of the possible scenarios for this nucleosynthesis process), using new nuclear-data input calculated in a consistent approach, for masses and $\\beta$-decay properties from the new finite-range droplet model FRDM(2012). The accuracy of the new mass model is 0.56 MeV with respect to {\\sc AME2003}, to which it was adjusted. We compare the new HEW r-process abundance pattern to the latest S.S. r-process residuals and to our earlier calculations with the nuclear-structure quantities based on FRDM(1992). Substantial overall and specific local improvements in the calculated pattern of the r-process between $A\\simeq 110$ and $^{209}$Bi, as well as remaining deficiencies are discussed in terms of the underlying spherical and deformed shell structure far from stability.