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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "model regions figure" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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1

Figure 6. Electricity Market Model Supply Regions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The NEMS Electricity Market Module (EMM) represents the capacity planning, dispatching, and pricing of electricity. It is composed of four submodules—electricity capacity planning, electricity fuel dispatching, load and demand electricity, and electricity finance and pricing. It includes nonutility capacity and generation, and electricity transmission and trade. A detailed description of the EMM is provided in the EIA publication, Electricity Market Module of the National Energy Modeling System 2010, DOE/EIA-M068(2010). Based on fuel prices and electricity demands provided by the other modules of the NEMS, the EMM determines the most economical way to supply electricity, within environmental and operational constraints. There are assumptions about the operations of the electricity sector and the costs of various options in each of the EMM submodules. This section describes the model parameters and assumptions used in EMM. It includes a discussion of legislation and regulations that are incorporated in EMM as well as information about the climate change action plan. The various electricity and technology cases are also described.

unknown authors

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

Figure F2. Electricity market module regions  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

U.S. Energy Information Administration Annual Energy Outlook 2013 227 Regional maps Figure F2. Electricity market module regions Source: U.S. Energy Information ...

3

Figure 1. Census Regions and Divisions  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

US Federal Region Map US Federal Region Map US Federal Regions/> Region 1 Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, Vermont Region 2 New Jersey, New York Region 3 Delaware, District of Columbia, Maryland, Pennsylvania, Virginia, West Virginia Region 4 Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee Region 5 Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Minnesota, Ohio, Wisconsin Region 6 Arkansas, Louisiana, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Texas Region 7 Iowa, Kansas, Missouri, Nebraska Region 8 Colorado, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Utah, Wyoming Region 9 Arizona, California, Hawaii, Nevada Region 10 Alaska, Idaho, Oregon, Washington Source: Energy Information Administration, Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels.

4

Regional maps Figure F4. Oil and gas supply model regions Figure ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

75 95 100 0 5 25 75 95 100 0 5 25 75 95 Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration, Office of Energy Analysis. 100. Created Date: 4/30/2013 2:24:47 PM ...

5

Computer modeling and experimental verification of figure-eight-shaped null-flux coil suspension system  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report discusses the computer modeling and experimental verification of the magnetic forces associated with a figure-eight-shaped null-flux coil suspension system. A set of computer codes called COILGDWY, were developed on the basis of the dynamic circuit model and verified by means of a laboratory model. The experimental verification was conducted with a rotating PVC drum, the surface of which held various types of figure-eight-shaped null-flux coils that interacted with a stationary permanent magnet. The transient and dynamic magnetic forces between the stationary magnet and the rotating conducting coils were measured and compared with results obtained from the computer model. Good agreement between the experimental results and computer simulations was obtained. The computer model can also be used to calculate magnetic forces in a large-scale magnetic-levitation system.

He, J.L.; Mulcahey, T.M.; Rote, D.M.; Kelly, T.

1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

Regional Climate Information & Modeling  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Information & Modeling Print E-mail The specific impacts and vulnerabilities posed by climate change are largely defined by regional differences 9in things like geography,...

7

Figure S.1  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2- Figures and Table 2.1 2- Figures and Table 2.1 Figure S.1 Figure 1.1 Figure 1.2 Figure 1.3 Figure 2.1 Figure 2.2 Figure 2.3 Figure 3.1 Figure 3.2 Figure 3.3 Figure 3.4 Figure 3.5 Figure 3.6 Figure 3.7 Figure 3.8 Figure 3.9 Figure 3.10 Figure 3.11 Figure 3.12 Figure 3.13 Figure 3.14 Figure 3.15 Figure 3.16 Figure 3.17 Figure 3.18 Figure 3.19 Figure 4.1 Figure 4.2 Figure 4.3 Figure 4.4 Figure 4.5 Figure 4.6 Figure 4.7 Figure 4.8 Figure 4.9 Figure 4.10 Figure 4.11 Figure 4.12 Figure 4.13 Figure 4.14 Figure 4.15 Figure 4.16 Figure 4.17 Figure 4.18 Figure 4.19 J.1 Lewiston Stage Contents Relationship (NOT AVAILABLE IN ELECTRONIC FORMAT) J.2 Keswick Stage Contents Relationship (NOT AVAILABLE IN ELECTRONIC FORMAT) J.3 Natoma Stage Contents Relationship (NOT AVAILABLE IN ELECTRONIC

8

Performance of NMC's Regional Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper details the performance characteristics of the two regional dynamical models used at the National Meteorological Center to forecast for North America. Strengths and weaknesses of these models—the limited-area fine-mesh (LFM) model and ...

Norman W. Junker; James E. Hoke; Richard H. Grumm

1989-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

Regional Climate Information & Modeling  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

is a series of six region-specific adaptation tools for the coastal communities in Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, the Solomon Islands, Timor-Leste, and Papua New Guinea....

10

APPENDIX A: FIGURES  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

APPENDIX A: FIGURES Project Name: Archbold Area Schools Wind Turbine Source Information: USGS, TRG Survey Figure Name: Turbine Location Notes: Turbine Location TRG Archbold...

11

APPENDIX A: FIGURES  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

APPENDIX A: FIGURES Project Name: Pettisville Local Schools Wind Turbine Source Information: USGS, TRG Survey Figure Name: Turbine Location Notes: Turbine Location TRG...

12

The NMC Nested Regional Spectral Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A nested primitive equation regional spectral model is developed. The model consists of two components—a low-resolution global spectral model and a high-resolution regional spectral model. The two components have identical vertical structure and ...

Hann-Ming Henry Juang; Masao Kanamitsu

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

Hybrid regional air pollution models  

SciTech Connect

This discussion deals with a family of air quality models for predicting and analyzing the fine particulate loading in the atmosphere, for assessing the extent and degree of visibility impairment, and for determining the potential of pollutants for increasing the acidity of soils and water. The major horizontal scales of interest are from 400km to 2000km; and the time scales may vary from several hours, to days, weeks, and a few months or years, depending on the EPA regulations being addressed. First the role air quality models play in the general family of atmospheric simulation models is described. Then, the characteristics of a well-designed, comprehensive air quality model are discussed. Following this, the specific objectives of this workshop are outlined, and their modeling implications are summarized. There are significant modeling differences produced by the choice of the coordinate system, whether it be the fixed Eulerian system, the moving Lagrangian system, or some hybrid of the two. These three systems are briefly discussed, and a list of hybrid models that are currently in use are given. Finally, the PNL regional transport model is outlined and a number of research needs are listed.

Drake, R.L.

1980-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Figure 6 - TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Figure 6. In wet stretching, (a) the fiber is allowed to contract unrestrained up to the supercontracted length; (b) it is stretched to the selected length and the ends

15

MECS Fuel Oil Figures  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

: Percentage of Total Purchased Fuels by Type of Fuel : Percentage of Total Purchased Fuels by Type of Fuel Figure 1. Percent of Total Purchased Fuel Sources: Energy Information Administration. Office of Energy Markets and End Use, Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey (MECS): Consumption of Energy; U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, Annual Survey of Manufactures (ASM): Statistics for Industry Groups and Industries: Statistical Abstract of the United States. Note: The years below the line on the "X" Axis are interpolated data--not directly from the Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey or the Annual Survey of Manufactures. Figure 2: Changes in the Ratios of Distillate Fuel Oil to Natural Gas Figure 2. Changes in the Ratios of Distillate Fuel Oil to Natural Gas Sources: Energy Information Administration. Office of

16

Regions in Energy Market Models  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report explores the different options for spatial resolution of an energy market model--and the advantages and disadvantages of models with fine spatial resolution. It examines different options for capturing spatial variations, considers the tradeoffs between them, and presents a few examples from one particular model that has been run at different levels of spatial resolution.

Short, W.

2007-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Distributed Processing of a Regional Prediction Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes the parallelization of a mesoscale-cloud-scale numerical weather prediction model and experiments conducted to assess its performance. The model used is the Advanced Regional Prediction System (ARPS), a limited-area ...

Kenneth W. Johnson; Jeff Bauer; Gregory A. Riccardi; Kelvin K. Droegemeier; Ming Xue

1994-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Regional Dynamics Model (REDYN) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Regional Dynamics Model (REDYN) Regional Dynamics Model (REDYN) Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: REDYN Agency/Company /Organization: Regional Dynamics Inc. Sector: Energy Phase: Determine Baseline, "Evaluate Options and Determine Feasibility" is not in the list of possible values (Bring the Right People Together, Create a Vision, Determine Baseline, Evaluate Options, Develop Goals, Prepare a Plan, Get Feedback, Develop Finance and Implement Projects, Create Early Successes, Evaluate Effectiveness and Revise as Needed) for this property., Develop Goals Topics: Market analysis, Policies/deployment programs, Co-benefits assessment, - Macroeconomic Resource Type: Software/modeling tools User Interface: Desktop Application Website: www.regionaldynamics.com/

19

Livermore Regional Air Quality model (LIRAQ-1)  

SciTech Connect

The Livermore Regional Air Quality (LIRAQ) model is an Eulerian grid model developed for use in assessing the regional air quality of a region with temporally and spatially varying meteorology in complex terrain. The first implementation of this approach is embodied in the LIRAQ-1 model and is intended for use with either simple chemical systems or relatively inert pollutants. The basic model formulation is based on the conservation of mass equation integrated vertically from the surface to the base of an inversion layer, thereby creating a single layer model with a grid structure established in the two horizontal dimensions. Surface pollutant concentrations are related to vertical average concentrations using a logarithmic profile. Atmospheric transport, inversion height, source emissions, and topography are all prescribed. Data for the San Francisco Bay Area obtained during 1973 have been used in validation studies. (auth)

MacCracken, M.C.; Grant, K.E.

1975-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Regional Maps  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

United States Census Divisions Figure 2.Electricity Market Module (EMM)Regions Source: Energy Information Administration, Office of Integrated Analysis and Forecasting Figure...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "model regions figure" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

PHOBOS Experiment: Figures and Data  

DOE Data Explorer (OSTI)

PHOBOS consists of many silicon detectors surrounding the interaction region. With these detectors physicists can count the total number of produced particles and study the angular distributions of all the products. Physicists know from other branches of physics that a characteristic of phase transitions are fluctuations in physical observables. With the PHOBOS array they look for unusual events or fluctuations in the number of particles and angular distribution. The articles that have appeared in refereed science journals are listed here with separate links to the supporting data plots, figures, and tables of numeric data.  See also supporting data for articles in technical journals at http://www.phobos.bnl.gov/Publications/Technical/phobos_technical_publications.htm and from conference proceedings at http://www.phobos.bnl.gov/Publications/Proceedings/phobos_proceedings_publications.htm

The PHOBOS Collaboration

22

Regional Economic Models, Inc. (REMI) Model | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Regional Economic Models, Inc. (REMI) Model Regional Economic Models, Inc. (REMI) Model Jump to: navigation, search LEDSGP green logo.png FIND MORE DIA TOOLS This tool is part of the Development Impacts Assessment (DIA) Toolkit from the LEDS Global Partnership. Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: REMI Agency/Company /Organization: Regional Economic Models Inc. Sector: Energy Focus Area: Transportation Phase: Determine Baseline, Develop Goals Topics: Baseline projection, GHG inventory, Pathways analysis Resource Type: Software/modeling tools User Interface: Desktop Application Complexity/Ease of Use: Moderate Website: www.remi.com/ Cost: Paid References: http://www.remi.com/index.php?page=overview&hl=en_US Related Tools Job and Economic Development Impact Models (JEDI) The Integrated Environmental Strategies Handbook: A Resource Guide for Air Quality Planning

23

Silicon Nanoparticle Biocompatibility Figure 1  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Figure 2. Effect of SNs and SMs on cell survival percentage in RAW 264.7 cells based on trypan blue dye exclusion (A) and MTT (B) assay. ...

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Microsoft Word - Figure_15.docx  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Source: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-191A, "Annual Underground Gas Storage Report." U.S. Energy Information Administration | Natural Gas Annual Figure 16....

25

Three prominent figures (3PF)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Three Prominent Figures, a sub-group of the VOLT Collective (http://www.voltcollective.com) is a performance piece combining live DJ-ing, video art, and physical computing to explore non-invasive musical expression. Three Prominent Figures will be presented ...

Roberto Osorio-Goenaga; Gregory Boland; Nathaniel Weiner

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Ideas and methods for modeling 3D human figures: the principal algorithms used by MakeHuman and their implementation in a new approach to parametric modeling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper briefly presents the basic algorithms used by MakeHuman and their application in a new context from the point of view of the relationship between artist and computer. The problem we posed is the development of a valid tool specifically designed ... Keywords: 3D human, 3d model, 3d modelling, ACM proceedings

Manuel Bastioni; Simone Re; Shakti Misra

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Microsoft Word - figure_03.doc  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

0 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Natural Gas Annual Figure 3. Marketed production of natural gas in the United States and the Gulf of Mexico, 2011 (million cubic feet)...

28

Microsoft Word - figure_24.doc  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1 Figure 25. Average price of natural gas delivered to U.S. onsystem industrial consumers, 2011 (dollars per thousand cubic feet) U.S. Energy Information Administration | Natural...

29

Microsoft Word - figure_99.doc  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

6 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Natural Gas Annual Figure 6. Natural gas processing in the United States and the Gulf of Mexico, 2011 (million cubic feet) None 1-15,000...

30

Development of a Regional Climate Model of the Western Arctic  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An Arctic region climate system model has been developed to simulate coupled interactions among the atmosphere, sea ice, ocean, and land surface of the western Arctic. The atmospheric formulation is based upon the NCAR regional climate model ...

Amanda H. Lynch; William L. Chapman; John E. Walsh; Gunter Weller

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Modeling-Computer Simulations At Nw Basin & Range Region (Biasi...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Modeling-Computer Simulations At Nw Basin & Range Region (Biasi, Et Al., 2009) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Modeling-Computer...

32

NETL: Predictive Modeling and Evaluation - CMU Regional Modeling Study  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Regional Source-Receptor Modeling Study Regional Source-Receptor Modeling Study The Pittsburgh Air Quality Study (PAQS) [PDF-744KB] is comprised of three inter-related components: 1) ambient PM measurements, 2) source characterization, and 3) deterministic and statistical air quality modeling. This effort will permit clarification of the contribution of coal-fired power plants to fine ambient PM2.5 (particulate matter with an aerodynamic diameter less than 2.5 µm). The resources from the Department of Energy (DOE) will be leveraged with resources from the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and other organizations. Clarkson University (Hopke group) will apply advanced receptor models to identify the nature, location and contribution of the sources of particulate matter observed by the measurements made as part of the PAQS. Several forms of factor analysis including Positive Matrix Factorization (PMF) and UNMIX will be applied in order to identify the composition and contributions of the sources. Potential Source Contribution Function analysis as well as Residence Time Weighted Concentration analysis will be applied to the determination of the locations of the likely major contributing sources. The aforementioned factor analysis methods will also be applied to the spatially distributed data both on a single species and multiple species basis and to compare these results with those obtained utilizing the back-trajectory-based methods. The availability of highly time resolved data should permit greater source resolution and will be examined to determine how much increased source specificity can be obtained from the increased time resolution in the data. Assistance will be provided with the multivariate calibration that will permit the use of single-particle mass spectrometry data to estimate ambient concentrations of particulate species. These analyses should provide a better understanding of the source/receptor relationships that lead to the observed particle concentrations in the Pittsburgh area.

33

Regional air quality in the four corners studys region: modeling approach  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A two-dimensional Eulerian air pollutant transport model was used in an air quality study of the Four Corners region conducted for the National Commission on Air Quality. The regional modeling methodology and some sample results from the regional air quality analysis are presented. One major advantage of the regional transport model that was employed is that its solution involves the calculation of transfer coefficients that relate emissions to ambient concentrations and deposition and which can be used repeatedly to evaluate alternative scenarios and regulatory policies which represent different emission source configurations. The regional transport model was used in the calculation of the concentration and deposition of SO/sub 2/, SO/sub 4/, and primary fine particulates; and these estimates were used as inputs to regional atmospheric visibility and mass budget calculations. Previous studies have shown that the methods used in the regional air quality analysis give good agreement when comparing observed and estimated values.

Nochumson, D.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Temperature Trends in the NARCCAP Regional Climate Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The skill of six regional climate models (RCMs) in reproducing short-term (24-yr), observed, near-surface temperature trends when driven by reanalysis is examined. The RCMs are part of the North American Regional Climate Change Assessment Program (...

Melissa S. Bukovsky

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

Regional Short-Term Energy Model (RSTEM) Overview  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

The Regional Short-Term Energy Model (RSTEM) utilizes estimated econometric relationships for demand, inventories and prices to forecast energy market outcomes across key sectors and selected regions throughout the United States.

Information Center

2009-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

36

A Regional Model Study of Synoptic Features over West Africa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Synoptic weather features over West Africa were studied in simulations by the regional simulation model (RM) at the NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies. These pioneering simulations represent the beginning of an effort to adapt regional ...

Leonard M. Druyan; Matthew Fulakeza; Patrick Lonergan; Mahaman Saloum

2001-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

EIS-0268-Figures-1997.pdf  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DOFJ'EIS-0268 DOFJ'EIS-0268 - PKw.2F Figure 4-L L-Lake and environs. 4-3 -- =----- 90 --m--- -m- EAST o (C.nti""ed O"figure 4.4b) AA 320 1 300 1 Fourmile Indian Grave Upland Pen Branch Brench Formation Branch 280 ~ 280 240 : E -220 ~ L 200 180 I 160 140 1 I I 1 2 3 4 5 Miles Legend: _ _ Inferredcontact Note:TO converito kilometersmultiply by 1.609 to convetito metersmultiply by0.304e Figure 4-4a. Generalized geologic cross section from Fourmile Branch to L DO~IS-0268 I t" 1 I I t 4-8 DOE/EIS-0268 I 4-60 I t t i I I DOE/EIS-0268 ,. ,. 4-61 DOE/EIS-0268 ,. ,,.':, .. ,.. , 4-62 I 1 I I I DOE/EIS-0268 4-63 DOEI'EIS-0268 ., . . 4-64 I I 1 B I I I m 1 I I I I 1 I I I m I DOE~IS-0268 4-65 DO~IS-0268 Radon in homes: 200 millirem per year Notes me major contributor to the annual average individual dose in the United StaIeS, [ncluti"g residents of the Central Savannah River Area, is naturally occuning radiation

38

NREL: Regional Energy Deployment System (ReEDS) Model - Publications  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Regional Energy Deployment System (ReEDS) Model Energy Analysis ReEDS Regional Energy Deployment System Model Regional Energy Deployment System (ReEDS) Model Energy Analysis ReEDS Regional Energy Deployment System Model Search More Search Options Site Map Printable Version Publications The following are publications - including technical reports, journal articles, conference papers, and posters - focusing on the Wind Deployment System (WinDS) and Regional Energy Deployment System (ReEDS) models. Technical Reports Eurek, K.; Denholm, P.; Margolis, R.; Mowers, M. (2013). Sensitivity of Utility-Scale Solar Deployment Projections in the SunShot Vision Study to Market and Performance Assumptions. 55 pp.; NREL Report No. TP-6A20-55836. Martinez, A.; Eurek, K.; Mai, T.; Perry, A. (2013). Integrated Canada-U.S. Power Sector Modeling with the Regional Energy Deployment System (ReEDS).

39

Regional Changes in Wind Energy Potential over Europe Using Regional Climate Model Ensemble Projections  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The impact of climate change on wind power generation potentials over Europe is investigated by considering ensemble projections from two regional climate models (RCMs) driven by a global climate model (GCM). Wind energy density and its ...

Hanna Hueging; Rabea Haas; Kai Born; Daniela Jacob; Joaquim G. Pinto

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Mathematical Modeling for Side-Blow Combustion Region in Iron ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Mathematical Modeling for Side-Blow Combustion Region in Iron Bath Reactor with H2-C Mixture Reduction. Author(s), Bo Zhang, Hong Xin.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "model regions figure" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Modeling-Computer Simulations At Northern Basin & Range Region...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Modeling-Computer Simulations At Northern Basin & Range Region (Blackwell, Et Al., 2003) Exploration...

42

Modeling-Computer Simulations At Nw Basin & Range Region (Pritchett...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon Modeling-Computer Simulations At Nw Basin & Range Region (Pritchett, 2004) Jump to: navigation, search...

43

Regional Wave Field Modeling and Array Effects  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Array with Hs 7.58 m, Tp 2.22 s and DSPR 4. WEC Farm Modeling: WEC Energy Sink Definition WEC Energy Sink Definition * Currently WECs modeled in SWAN as constant...

44

A multi-agent model of several economic regions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents Lagom regiO: a multi-agent model of several growing economic areas in interaction. The model is part of the Lagom model family: economic multi-agent models developed to make steps toward understanding equilibrium selection and identifying ... Keywords: Economic regions, Emissions, Growing economy, Multi-agent model

Sarah Wolf, Steffen FüRst, Antoine Mandel, Wiebke Lass, Daniel Lincke, Federico Pablo-Martí, Carlo Jaeger

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

California Wintertime Precipitation Bias in Regional and Global Climate Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, wintertime precipitation from a variety of observational datasets, regional climate models (RCMs), and general circulation models (GCMs) is averaged over the state of California and compared. Several averaging methodologies are ...

Peter Caldwell

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

A Bayesian Forecast Model of Australian Region Tropical Cyclone Formation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new and potentially skillful seasonal forecast model of tropical cyclone formation [tropical cyclogenesis (TCG)] is developed for the Australian region. The model is based on Poisson regression using the Bayesian approach. Predictor combinations ...

Angelika Werner; Neil J. Holbrook

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Microsoft Word - figure_18.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

0 0 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet 0 40 80 120 160 200 240 280 320 360 400 440 Dollars per Thousand Cubic Meters Residential Commercial Industrial Electric Power Vehicle Fuel Figure 18. Average Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Consumers in the United States, 2001-2005 Note: Coverage for prices varies by consumer sector. See Appendix A for further discussion on consumer prices. Sources: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-176, "Annual Report of Natural and Supplemental Gas Supply and Disposition"; Form EIA-857, "Monthly Report of Natural Gas Purchases and Deliveries to Consumers"; Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC), Form FERC-423, "Monthly Report of Cost and Quality of Fuels for

48

Microsoft Word - figure_13.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Egypt Figure 13. Net Interstate Movements, Imports, and Exports of Natural Gas in the United States, 2007 (Million Cubic Feet) Nigeria Algeria 37,483 WA M T I D OR W Y ND SD C A N V UT CO NE KS AZ NM OK TX MN WI MI IA I L IN OH MO AR MS AL GA TN KY FL SC NC WV MD DE VA PA NJ NY CT RI MA VT NH ME LA HI AK Mexico C a n a d a C a n a d a Canada Canada Canada Canada Canada Algeria Canada Canada i i N g e r a Gulf of Mexico Gulf o f M e x i c o Gulf of Mexico Canada Gulf of Mexico Sources: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-176, "Annual Report of Natural and Supplemental Gas Supply and Disposition," and the Office of Fossil Energy, Natural Gas Imports and Exports.

49

Microsoft Word - figure_15.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

0 0 0 2 4 6 8 10 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 Trillion Cubic Feet 0 50 100 150 200 250 Billion Cubic Meters Residential Commercial Industrial Electric Power Sources: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-176, "Annual Report of Natural and Supplemental Gas Supply and Disposition"; Form EIA-906, "Power Plant Report"; Form EIA-920, "Combined Heat and Power Plant Report"; and Form EIA-923, "Power Plant Operations Report." Figure 15. Natural Gas Delivered to Consumers in the United States, 2003-2007 Cautionary Note: Number of Residential and Commercial Consumers The Energy Information Administration (EIA) expects that there may be some double counting in the number of residential and commercial customers reported for 2003 through 2007.

50

Microsoft Word - figure_15.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

38 38 0 2 4 6 8 10 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 Trillion Cubic Feet 0 50 100 150 200 250 Billion Cubic Meters Residential Commercial Industrial Electric Power Figure 15. Natural Gas Delivered to Consumers in the United States, 2001-2005 Sources: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA -176, "Annual Report of Natural and Supplemental Gas Supply and Disposition," and Form EIA-906, "Power Plant Report." Cautionary Note: Number of Residential and Commercial Consumers The Energy Information Administration (EIA) expects that there may be some double counting in the number of residential and commercial customers reported for 2001 through 2005. EIA collects information on the number of residential and commercial consumers through a survey of companies that deliver gas

51

Microsoft Word - figure_20.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

4 4 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 1980 1982 1984 1986 1988 1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010 Sources: Nominal dollars: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-176, "Annual Report of Natural and Supplemental Gas Supply and Disposition," and Form EIA-910, "Monthly Natural Gas Marketer Survey." Constant dollars: Prices were converted to 2005 dollars using the chain-type price indexes for Gross Domestic Product (2005 = 1.0) as published by the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis. dollars per thousand cubic feet base year Figure 21. Average price of natural gas delivered to residential consumers, 1980-2011 nominal dollars

52

Microsoft Word - figure_15.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

38 38 0 2 4 6 8 10 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 Trillion Cubic Feet 0 50 100 150 200 250 Billion Cubic Meters Residential Commercial Industrial Electric Power Sources: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-176, "Annual Report of Natural and Supplemental Gas Supply and Disposition," and Form EIA-906, "Power Plant Report." Figure 15. Natural Gas Delivered to Consumers in the United States, 2002-2006 Cautionary Note: Number of Residential and Commercial Consumers The Energy Information Administration (EIA) expects that there may be some double counting in the number of residential and commercial customers reported for 2002 through 2006. EIA collects information on the number of residential and commercial consumers through a survey of companies that deliver gas

53

Bias Correction of Regional Climate Model Simulations in a Region of Complex Orography  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study presents a method to correct regional climate model (RCM) outputs using observations from automatic weather stations. The correction applies a nonlinear procedure, which recently appeared in the literature, to both precipitation and ...

Roger Bordoy; Paolo Burlando

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Microsoft Word - figure_17.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

3 3 Commercial All Other States Wisconsin M innesota Pennsylvania Ohio M ichigan Texas New Jersey California New York Illinois 0.0 0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5 3.0 Trillion C ubic Feet Residential Colorado Indiana Texas New Jersey Pennsylvania Ohio M ichigan Illinois California All Other States New York 0.0 0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5 3.0 Trillion C ubic Feet Figure 18. Natural gas delivered to consumers in the United States, 2011 Volumes in Million Cubic Feet Trillion Cubic Feet Trillion Cubic Feet Residential 4,713,695 21% Commercial 3,153,605 14% Industrial 6,904,843 31% Electric Power 7,573,863 34% Industrial All Other States M innesota Iowa Oklahoma Pennsylvania Ohio Illinois Indiana Louisiana Texas California 0.0 0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5 3.0 Electric Power

55

Microsoft Word - figure_16.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

4 4 Commercial All Other States Wisconsin Minnesota Pennsylvania Ohio Texas Michigan New Jersey California New York Illinois 0.0 0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5 3.0 Trillion Cubic Feet Residential Wisconsin Indiana Texas New Jersey Pennsylvania Ohio Michigan Illinois California All Other States New York 0.0 0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5 3.0 Trillion Cubic Feet Figure 16. Natural Gas Delivered to Consumers in the United States, 2007 Volumes in Million Cubic Feet Trillion Cubic Feet Trillion Cubic Feet Electric Pow er 6,841,408 33% Industrial 6,624,846 31% Commercial 3,017,105 14% Residential 4,717,311 22% Industrial All Other States Georgia Oklahom a Michigan Pennsylvania Illinois Indiana Ohio Louisiana Texas California 0.0 0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5 3.0 Trillion Cubic Feet Electric Power All Other States Alabam a

56

Microsoft Word - figure_02.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Egypt Figure 2. Natural Gas Supply and Disposition in the United States, 20088 (Trillion Cubic Feet) Extraction Loss Gross Withdrawals From Gas and Oil Wells Nonhydrocarbon Gases Removed Vented/Flared Reservoir Repressuring Production Dry Gas Imports Canada Trinidad/Tobago Nigeria Natural Gas Storage Facilities Exports Japan Canada Mexico Additions Withdrawals Gas Industry Use Residential Commercial Industrial Vehicle Fuel Electric Power 25.8 0.7 0.2 3.6 3.589 0.267 0.012 0.365 0.590 0.050 20.3 1.0 3.4 3.4 1.9 3.1 6.7 0.03 6.7 0.055 Sources: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-176, "Annual Report of Natural and Supplemental Gas Supply and Disposition"; Form EIA-895, "Annual Quantity and Value of Natural Gas Production Report"; Form EIA-914, "Monthly Natural Gas Production Report"; Form EIA-857, "Monthly Report of Natural Gas Purchases and Deliveries to

57

Microsoft Word - figure_02.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

4 4 Egypt Algeria Figure 2. Natural Gas Supply and Disposition in the United States, 2006 (Trillion Cubic Feet) Extraction Loss Gross Withdrawals From Gas and Oil Wells Nonhydrocarbon Gases Removed Vented/Flared Reservoir Repressuring Production Dry Gas Imports Canada Trinidad/Tobago Nigeria Natural Gas Storage Facilities Exports Japan Canada Mexico Additions Withdrawals Gas Industry Use Residential Commercial Industrial Vehicle Fuel Electric Power 23.5 0.7 0.1 3.3 3.590 0.389 0.017 0.057 0.322 0.341 0.061 18.5 0.9 3.0 2.5 1.7 4.4 2.8 6.5 0.02 6.2 0.120 Sources: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-176, "Annual Report of Natural and Supplemental Gas Supply and Disposition"; Form EIA-895A, "Annual Quantity and Value of Natural Gas Production Report"; Form EIA-857, "Monthly Report of Natural Gas Purchases and Deliveries to Consumers"; Form EIA-816, "Monthly Natural Gas Liquids

58

Microsoft Word - figure_13.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Egypt Figure 13. Net Interstate Movements, Imports, and Exports of Natural Gas in the United States, 2008 (Million Cubic Feet) Norway Trinidad/ Tobago Interstate Movements Not Shown on Map From Volume To From Volume To CT RI RI MA MA CT VA DC MD DC 45,772 WA M T I D OR W Y ND SD C A N V UT CO NE KS AZ NM OK TX MN WI MI IA I L IN OH MO AR MS AL GA TN KY FL SC NC WV MD DE VA PA NJ NY CT RI MA VT NH ME LA HI AK Mexico C a n a d a C a n a d a Canada Canada Canada Canada Canada Canada Canada i i N g e r a Gulf of Mexico Gulf o f M e x i c o Gulf of Mexico Canada Gulf of Mexico Sources: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-176, "Annual Report of Natural and Supplemental Gas Supply and Disposition," the Office of Fossil Energy, Natural Gas Imports and Exports, and EIA estimates.

59

Microsoft Word - figure_16.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

4 4 Commercial All Other States Wisconsin Minnesota Pennsylvania Ohio Michigan Texas New Jersey California New York Illinois 0.0 0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5 3.0 Trillion Cubic Feet Residential Minnesota Indiana Texas New Jersey Pennsylvania Ohio Michigan Illinois California All Other States New York 0.0 0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5 3.0 Trillion Cubic Feet Figure 16. Natural Gas Delivered to Consumers in the United States, 2009 Volumes in Million Cubic Feet Trillion Cubic Feet Trillion Cubic Feet Electric Pow er 6,872,049 33% Industrial 6,167,193 29% Commercial 3,118,833 15% Residential 4,778,478 23% Industrial All Other States Georgia Iow a Pennsylvania Oklahom a Ohio Illinois Indiana Louisiana Texas California 0.0 0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5 3.0 Electric Power All Other States Nevada Pennsylvania Alabam a Arizona

60

Microsoft Word - figure_13.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

,833 ,833 35 Egypt Figure 13. Net Interstate Movements, Imports, and Exports of Natural Gas in the United States, 2009 (Million Cubic Feet) Norway Trinidad/ Tobago Trinidad/ Tobago Egypt Interstate Movements Not Shown on Map From Volume To From Volume To CT RI RI MA MA CT VA DC MD DC 111,144 WA M T I D OR W Y ND SD C A N V UT CO NE KS AZ NM OK TX MN WI MI IA I L IN OH MO AR MS AL GA TN KY FL SC NC WV MD DE VA PA NJ NY CT RI MA VT NH ME LA HI AK Mexico C a n a d a C a n a d a Canada Canada Canada Canada Canada Canada Canada i i N g e r a Gulf of Mexico Gulf o f M e x i c o Gulf of Mexico Canada Gulf of Mexico Sources: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-176, "Annual Report of Natural and Supplemental Gas Supply and Disposition," the Office of Fossil Energy, Natural Gas Imports and Exports, and EIA estimates

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "model regions figure" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Microsoft Word - figure_02.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Egypt Figure 2. Natural Gas Supply and Disposition in the United States, 2010 (Trillion Cubic Feet) Extraction Loss Gross Withdrawals From Gas and Oil Wells Nonhydrocarbon Gases Removed Vented/Flared Reservoir Repressuring Production Dry Gas Imports Canada Trinidad/Tobago Nigeria Natural Gas Storage Facilities Exports Japan Canada Mexico Additions Withdrawals Gas Industry Use Residential Commercial Industrial Vehicle Fuel Electric Power 26.8 0.8 0.2 3.4 3.280 0.190 0.042 0.333 0.739 0.033 21.3 1.1 3.3 3.3 2.0 3.1 6.5 0.03 7.4 0.073 Sources: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-176, "Annual Report of Natural and Supplemental Gas Supply and Disposition"; Form EIA-895, "Annual Quantity and Value of Natural Gas Production Report"; Form EIA-914, "Monthly Natural Gas Production Report"; Form EIA-857, "Monthly Report of Natural Gas Purchases and Deliveries to

62

Microsoft Word - figure_02.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Egypt Figure 2. Natural Gas Supply and Disposition in the United States, 2009 (Trillion Cubic Feet) Extraction Loss Gross Withdrawals From Gas and Oil Wells Nonhydrocarbon Gases Removed Vented/Flared Reservoir Repressuring Production Dry Gas Imports Canada Trinidad/Tobago Nigeria Natural Gas Storage Facilities Exports Japan Canada Mexico Additions Withdrawals Gas Industry Use Residential Commercial Industrial Vehicle Fuel Electric Power 26.0 0.7 0.2 3.5 3.271 0.236 0.013 0.338 0.701 0.031 20.6 1.0 3.4 3.0 1.9 3.1 6.2 0.03 6.9 0.160 Sources: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-176, "Annual Report of Natural and Supplemental Gas Supply and Disposition"; Form EIA-895, "Annual Quantity and Value of Natural Gas Production Report"; Form EIA-914, "Monthly Natural Gas Production Report"; Form EIA-857, "Monthly Report of Natural Gas Purchases and Deliveries to

63

Microsoft Word - figure_02.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Egypt Algeria Figure 2. Natural Gas Supply and Disposition in the United States, 2007 (Trillion Cubic Feet) Extraction Loss Gross Withdrawals From Gas and Oil Wells Nonhydrocarbon Gases Removed Vented/Flared Reservoir Repressuring Production Dry Gas Imports Canada Trinidad/Tobago Nigeria Natural Gas Storage Facilities Exports Japan Canada Mexico Additions Withdrawals Gas Industry Use Residential Commercial Industrial Vehicle Fuel Electric Power 24.6 0.6 0.2 3.8 3.783 0.448 0.077 0.095 0.292 0.482 0.047 19.1 0.9 3.2 3.4 1.8 3.0 6.6 0.03 6.8 0.115 Sources: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-176, "Annual Report of Natural and Supplemental Gas Supply and Disposition"; Form EIA-895A, "Annual Quantity and Value of Natural Gas Production Report"; Form EIA-914, "Monthly Natural Gas Production Report"; Form EIA-857, "Monthly Report of Natural Gas Purchases and Deliveries to

64

Microsoft Word - figure_14.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Egypt Figure 14. Net Interstate Movements, Imports, and Exports of Natural Gas in the United States, 2010 (Million Cubic Feet) Norway India Trinidad/ Tobago Egypt Yemen Japan Interstate Movements Not Shown on Map From Volume To From Volume To CT RI RI MA MA CT VA DC MD DC 53,122 WA M T I D OR W Y ND SD C A N V UT CO NE KS AZ NM OK TX MN WI MI IA I L IN OH MO AR MS AL GA TN KY FL SC NC WV MD DE VA PA NJ NY CT RI MA VT NH ME LA HI AK Mexico C a n a d a C a n a d a Canada Canada Canada Canada Canada Canada Canada Gulf of Mexico Canada Sources: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-176, "Annual Report of Natural and Supplemental Gas Supply and Disposition," the Office of Fossil Energy, Natural Gas Imports and Exports, and EIA estimates based on historical data. Energy Information

65

Microsoft Word - figure_17.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

5 5 C ommercial All O ther States W isconsin Minnesota Pennsylvania Michigan O hio N ew Jersey Texas California N ew York Illinois 0.0 0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5 3.0 Trillion C ubic Feet Residential Indiana G eorgia N ew Jersey Pennsylvania Texas O hio Michigan Illinois California All O ther States N ew York 0.0 0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5 3.0 Trillion C ubic Feet Figure 17. Natural Gas Delivered to Consumers in the United States, 2010 Volumes in Million Cubic Feet Trillion Cubic Feet Trillion Cubic Feet E lectric P ower 7,387,184 34% Industrial 6,517,477 30% C om m ercial 3,101,675 14% R esidential 4,787,320 22% Industrial All O ther States Minnesota Iowa Pennsylvania O klahoma Illinois O hio Indiana Louisiana Texas California 0.0 0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5 3.0 E lectric Power All O ther States Arizona Mississippi Louisiana Alabama

66

Microsoft Word - figure_16.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

4 4 Commercial All Other States Wisconsin Minnesota Pennsylvania Texas Ohio New Jersey Michigan California New York Illinois 0.0 0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5 3.0 Trillion Cubic Feet Residential Wisconsin Indiana Texas New Jersey Pennsylvania Ohio Michigan Illinois California All Other States New York 0.0 0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5 3.0 Trillion Cubic Feet Figure 16. Natural Gas Delivered to Consumers in the United States, 2008 Volumes in Million Cubic Feet Trillion Cubic Feet Trillion Cubic Feet Electric Pow er 6,668,379 31% Industrial 6,650,276 31% Commercial 3,135,852 15% Residential 4,872,107 23% Industrial All Other States Georgia Iow a Oklahom a Pennsylvania Illinois Indiana Ohio Louisiana Texas California 0.0 0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5 3.0 Electric Power All Other States Mississippi New Jersey Louisiana

67

Implementation of Prognostic Cloud Scheme for a Regional Spectral Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The purpose of this study is to develop a precipitation physics package for the National Centers for Environmental Prediction (NCEP) Regional Spectral Model (RSM) designed to improve the skill of precipitation forecasts. The package incorporates ...

Song-You Hong; Hann-Ming Henry Juang; Qingyun Zhao

1998-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Surface Boundary Conditions for Mesoscale Regional Climate Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper utilizes the best available quality data from multiple sources to develop consistent surface boundary conditions (SBCs) for mesoscale regional climate model (RCM) applications. The primary SBCs include 1) fields of soil characteristic (...

Xin-Zhong Liang; Hyun I. Choi; Kenneth E. Kunkel; Yongjiu Dai; Everette Joseph; Julian X. L. Wang; Praveen Kumar

2005-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Regional Models: Emerging Research Tools for Synoptic Meteorologists  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Although the development of limited-area, regional-scale numerical-weather prediction models has been driven largely by the practical need to improve quantitative precipitation forecasts, a related motivation has been scientific interest in ...

Daniel Keyser; Louis W. Uccellini

1987-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

NREL: Regional Energy Deployment System (ReEDS) Model - Capabilities...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

storage capacity expansion, transmission capacity expansion, total electric sector costs, electricity price, fuel prices, and carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions. Figure 1 shows an...

71

Modeling-Computer Simulations At Yellowstone Region (Laney, 2005) | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Laney, 2005) Laney, 2005) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Modeling-Computer Simulations At Yellowstone Region (Laney, 2005) Exploration Activity Details Location Yellowstone Caldera Geothermal Region Exploration Technique Modeling-Computer Simulations Activity Date Usefulness useful regional reconnaissance DOE-funding Unknown Notes Localized Strain as a Discriminator of Hidden Geothermal Systems, Vasco and Foxall, 2005. Recent work has focused on (1) collaborating with Alessandro Ferretti to use Permanent Scatterer (PS) InSAR data to infer strain at depth, (2) working with Lane Johnson to develop a dynamic faulting model, and (3) acquiring InSAR data for the region surrounding the Dixie Valley fault zone in collaboration with Dr. William Foxall of LLNL. The InSAR data

72

Modeling-Computer Simulations At Central Nevada Seismic Zone Region  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Central Nevada Seismic Zone Region Central Nevada Seismic Zone Region (Blackwell, Et Al., 2003) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Modeling-Computer Simulations At Central Nevada Seismic Zone Region (Blackwell, Et Al., 2003) Exploration Activity Details Location Central Nevada Seismic Zone Geothermal Region Exploration Technique Modeling-Computer Simulations Activity Date Usefulness useful DOE-funding Unknown Notes Developed natural state mass and energy transport fluid flow models of generic Basin and Range systems based on Dixie Valley data that help to understand the nature of large scale constraints on the location and characteristics of the geothermal systems References D. D. Blackwell, K. W. Wisian, M. C. Richards, Mark Leidig, Richard Smith, Jason McKenna (2003) Geothermal Resource Analysis And Structure Of

73

List of Figures xii List of Tables xv  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 137 II Energy Supply Chains 139 6 Electric Power Supply Chains 141 6.1 The Supply Chain ModelContents List of Figures xii List of Tables xv Preface xvi I Supply Chain Networks 1 1 Introduction and Overview 3 2 Supply Chain Networks 9 2.1 The Supply Chain Network Model . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 2

Nagurney, Anna

74

A Stochastic Methodology for Regional Wind-Field Modeling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Three-dimensional, regional scale (?1000 km) air-quality simulation models require hourly inputs of U and V wind components for each vertical layer of the model and for each grid cell in the horizontal. The standard North American meteorological ...

Kenneth L. Schere; Carlie J. Coats

1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Figure 37. Carbon dioxide emissions from electricity ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Sheet3 Sheet2 Sheet1 Figure 37. Carbon dioxide emissions from electricity generation in three cases, 2005-2040 (million metric tons carbon dioxide ...

76

Energy Efficiency Report: Chapter 3 Figures (Residential)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Figure 3.1. Total Site Residential Energy Consumption and Personal Consumption Expenditures Indices, 1980 to 1993. Notes: Personal consumption expenditures used ...

77

Figure 70. Delivered energy consumption for transportation ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Sheet3 Sheet2 Sheet1 Figure 70. Delivered energy consumption for transportation by mode, 2011 and 2040 (quadrillion Btu) Total Rail Pipeline Marine ...

78

Figure 4.17 Geothermal Resources  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Figure 4.17 Geothermal Resources 124 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 Notes: • Data are for locations of identified hydrothermal ...

79

Regional Climate Model Projections for the State of Washington  

SciTech Connect

Global climate models do not have sufficient spatial resolution to represent the atmospheric and land surface processes that determine the unique regional heterogeneity of the climate of the State of Washington. If future large-scale weather patterns interact differently with the local terrain and coastlines than current weather patterns, local changes in temperature and precipitation could be quite different from the coarse-scale changes projected by global models. Regional climate models explicitly simulate the interactions between the large-scale weather patterns simulated by a global model and the local terrain. We have performed two 100-year climate simulations using the Weather and Research Forecasting (WRF) model developed at the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR). One simulation is forced by the NCAR Community Climate System Model version 3 (CCSM3) and the second is forced by a simulation of the Max Plank Institute, Hamburg, global model (ECHAM5). The mesoscale simulations produce regional changes in snow cover, cloudiness, and circulation patterns associated with interactions between the large-scale climate change and the regional topography and land-water contrasts. These changes substantially alter the temperature and precipitation trends over the region relative to the global model result or statistical downscaling. To illustrate this effect, we analyze the changes from the current climate (1970-1999) to the mid 21st century (2030-2059). Changes in seasonal-mean temperature, precipitation, and snowpack are presented. Several climatological indices of extreme daily weather are also presented: precipitation intensity, fraction of precipitation occurring in extreme daily events, heat wave frequency, growing season length, and frequency of warm nights. Despite somewhat different changes in seasonal precipitation and temperature from the two regional simulations, consistent results for changes in snowpack and extreme precipitation are found in both simulations.

Salathe, E.; Leung, Lai-Yung R.; Qian, Yun; Zhang, Yongxin

2010-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

80

Short-Term Energy Outlook Model Documentation: Regional Residential Heating Oil Price Model  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

The regional residential heating oil price module of the Short-Term Energy Outlook (STEO) model is designed to provide residential retail price forecasts for the 4 census regions: Northeast, South, Midwest, and West.

Information Center

2009-11-09T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "model regions figure" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Short-Term Energy Outlook Model Documentation: Regional Residential Propane Price Model  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

The regional residential propane price module of the Short-Term Energy Outlook (STEO) model is designed to provide residential retail price forecasts for the 4 census regions: Northeast, South, Midwest, and West.

Information Center

2009-11-09T23:59:59.000Z

82

Regional climate change scenarios over the United States produced with a nested regional climate model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Two continuous 31/2-year-long climate simulation over the continental United States are discussed, one of present-day conditions and one for conditions under double carbon dioxide concentration, conducted with a limited area model (LAM) nested in a general circulation model (GCM). The models used are a version of the NCAR Community Climate Model (CCM) at rhomboidal 15 spectral resolution and the climate version of the NCAR/Penn State mesoscale model (MM4) at 60-km gridpoint spacing. For present-day conditions the model temperatures are within 1[degrees]-2[degrees]C of observations except over the Great Lakes region, where temperature is overpredicted. The CCM overpredicts precipitation throughout the continental United States (overall by about 60%) and especially over the West (by up to 300%). The nested MM4 overpredicts precipitation over the West but underpredicts it over the eastern United States. In addition, it produces a large amount of topographically and lake-induced sub-GCM grid-scale detail that compares well with available high-resolution climate data. Overall, the nested MM4 reproduces observed spatial and seasonal precipitation patterns better than the driving CCM. Doubled carbon dioxide-induced temperature change scenarios produced by the two models generally differ by less than several tenths of a degree except over the Great Lakes region where, because of the presence of the lakes in the nested model, the two model scenarios differ by more than one degree. Conversely, precipitation change scenarios from the two model simulations can locally differ in magnitude, sign, spatial, and seasonal detail. These differences are associated with topographical features in the MM4, such as the presence of steep coastal ranges in the western United States. This work illustrates the feasibility of the use of the nested modeling technique for long-term regional climate simulation. 43 refs., 19 figs., 6 tabs.

Giorgi, F.; Brodeur, C.S.; Bates, G.T. (National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, CO (United States))

1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

NON-LINEAR MODELING OF THE RHIC INTERACTION REGIONS.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

For RHIC's collision lattices the dominant sources of transverse non-linearities are located in the interaction regions. The field quality is available for most of the magnets in the interaction regions from the magnetic measurements, or from extrapolations of these measurements. We discuss the implementation of these measurements in the MADX models of the Blue and the Yellow rings and their impact on beam stability.

TOMAS,R.FISCHER,W.JAIN,A.LUO,Y.PILAT,F.

2004-07-05T23:59:59.000Z

84

Potential bias of model projected greenhouse warming in irrigated regions  

SciTech Connect

Atmospheric general circulation models (GCMs) used to project climate responses to increased CO{sub 2} generally omit irrigation of agricultural land. Using the NCAR CAM3 GCM coupled to a slab-ocean model, we find that inclusion of an extreme irrigation scenario has a small effect on the simulated temperature and precipitation response to doubled CO{sub 2} in most regions, but reduced warming by as much as 1 C in some agricultural regions, such as Europe and India. This interaction between CO{sub 2} and irrigation occurs in cases where agriculture is a major fraction of the land surface and where, in the absence of irrigation, soil moisture declines are projected to provide a positive feedback to temperature change. The reduction of warming is less than 25% of the temperature increase modeled for doubled CO{sub 2} in most regions; thus greenhouse warming will still be dominant. However, the results indicate that land use interactions may be an important component of climate change uncertainty in some agricultural regions. While irrigated lands comprise only {approx}2% of the land surface, they contribute over 40% of global food production. Climate changes in these regions are therefore particularly important to society despite their relatively small contribution to average global climate.

Lobell, D; Bala, G; Bonfils, C; Duffy, P

2006-04-27T23:59:59.000Z

85

Forecasting the Skill of a Regional Numerical Weather Prediction Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It is demonstrated that the skill of short-term regional numerical forecasts can be predicted on a day-to-day basis. This was achieved by using a statistical regression scheme with the model forecast errors (MFE) as the predictands and the ...

L. M. Leslie; K. Fraedrich; T. J. Glowacki

1989-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

The Climatological Skill of a Regional Model over Complex Terrain  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As part of an ongoing study of the regional climate and hydrology of the southwestern United States, in this paper we investigate the systematic biases of two versions of the PSU/NCAR mesoscale model (MM4). These are a standard version and one ...

Filippo Giorgi; Gary T. Bates

1989-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Can Regional Climate Models Represent the Indian Monsoon?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The ability of four regional climate models (RCMs) to represent the Indian monsoon was verified in a consistent framework for the period 1981–2000 using the 45-yr European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF) Re-Analysis (ERA-40) as ...

Philippe Lucas-Picher; Jens H. Christensen; Fahad Saeed; Pankaj Kumar; Shakeel Asharaf; Bodo Ahrens; Andrew J. Wiltshire; Daniela Jacob; Stefan Hagemann

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Reference wind farm selection for regional wind power prediction models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Reference wind farm selection for regional wind power prediction models Nils Siebert George.siebert@ensmp.fr, georges.kariniotakis@ensmp.fr Abstract Short-term wind power forecasting is recognized today as a major requirement for a secure and economic integration of wind generation in power systems. This paper deals

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

89

Modeling Air–Land–Sea Interactions Using the Integrated Regional Model System in Monterey Bay, California  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The air–land–sea interaction in the vicinity of Monterey Bay, California, is simulated and investigated using a new Integrated Regional Model System (I-RMS). This new model realistically resolves coastal processes and submesoscale features that ...

Yu-Heng Tseng; Shou-Hung Chien; Jiming Jin; Norman L. Miller

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Trajectory Analysis and Semantic Region Modeling Using A Nonparametric Bayesian Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose a novel nonparametric Bayesian model, Dual Hierarchical Dirichlet Processes (Dual-HDP), for trajectory analysis and semantic region modeling in surveillance settings, in an unsupervised way. In our approach, ...

Grimson, Eric

2008-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

91

Regional Climate Models Add Value to Global Model Data: A Review and Selected Examples  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An important challenge in current climate modeling is to realistically describe small-scale weather statistics, such as topographic precipitation and coastal wind patterns, or regional phenomena like polar lows. Global climate models simulate atmospheric ...

Frauke Feser; Burkhardt Rockel; Hans von Storch; Jörg Winterfeldt; Matthias Zahn

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Microsoft Word - Figure_03_04.doc  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

8 8 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 Residential Commercial Industrial Electric Power Citygate dollars per thousand cubic feet Figure 3 and 4 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 NGPL Composite Spot Price NG Spot Price at Henry Hub dollars per thousand c ubic feet Note: Prices are in nominal dollars. Source: Table 3. Figure 3. Average citygate and consumer prices of natural gas in the United States, 2010-2013 Figure 4. Spot prices of natural gas and natural gas plant liquids in the United States, 2010-2013

93

Kaganovich et al Supplementary Figure S1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

n n Kaganovich et al Supplementary Figure S1 WT+MG13237°Ccim3-1 Ubc9 ts Ubc9 ts 37°C a b n n cim3 al Supplementary Figure S2 c b ts cim3-1 (min): 0 5 10 15 60 60 GFP-Ubc9 + 20M Benomyltime at 37 °C Figure S3 GFP-VHL T S P T S P 30°C 37°C 1hr Ub-GFP Sup-Pellet assay cim3-1 GFP-VHL a b VHL in cim3

Bedwell, David M.

94

Model of the Regional Coupled Earth system (MORCE): Application to process and climate studies in vulnerable regions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The vulnerability of human populations and natural systems and their ability to adapt to extreme events and climate change vary with geographic regions and populations. Regional climate models (RCM), composed by an atmospheric component coupled to a ... Keywords: CORDEX, ChArMeX, Climate modeling, HyMeX, Impact studies, MORCE platform, MerMeX, Mesoscale process, Regional Earth system

Philippe Drobinski; Alesandro Anav; Cindy Lebeaupin Brossier; Guillaume Samson; Marc Stéfanon; Sophie Bastin; Mélika Baklouti; Karine Béranger; Jonathan Beuvier; Romain Bourdallé-Badie; Laure Coquart; Fabio D'Andrea; Nathalie de Noblet-Ducoudré; Frédéric Diaz; Jean-Claude Dutay; Christian Ethe; Marie-Alice Foujols; Dmitry Khvorostyanov; Gurvan Madec; Martial Mancip; Sébastien Masson; Laurent Menut; Julien Palmieri; Jan Polcher; Solène Turquety; Sophie Valcke; Nicolas Viovy

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

A model for the ATW target region fluid dynamics  

SciTech Connect

In the Los Alamos National Laboratory's concept for the accelerator transmutation of waste (ATW), a lead-bismuth eutectic has been chosen as a spallation target for the proton beam. Because of the high local heat fluxes anticipated, the target is in liquid form to facilitate heat removal. The upper boundary of the target region is a hard vacuum. The primary purpose of the analysis is to determine the location of the flow boundary based on the target design parameters. This method of analysis should prove to be useful for performing preliminary scoping and design of the ATW target region's fluid dynamics. Eventually, this model should be tested against experimental data.

Rider, W.J.; Cappiello, M.W. (Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States))

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Figure ES1. Map of Northern Alaska  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Figure ES1. Map of Northern Alaska figurees1.jpg (61418 bytes) Source: Edited from U.S. Geological Survey, "The Oil and Gas Resource Potential of the Arctic National Wildlife...

97

arXiv.org help - Bitmapping Figures  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Bitmapping Figures Many graphics and plotting programs do not take into account that people might want to send their output over the internet instead of to a local printer. These...

98

Microsoft Word - figure_08_2008.doc  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

9 48.5 Egypt Japan Canada Mexico Figure 8. Flow of Natural Gas Imports and Exports, 2007 (Billion Cubic Feet) Note: U.S. exports to Canada and Mexico include liquefied natural gas...

99

Microsoft Word - Figure_8_Oct2009.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

19 50 Japan Canada Mexico Figure 8. Flow of Natural Gas Imports and Exports, 2008 (Billion Cubic Feet) Note: U.S. exports to Canada and Mexico include liquefied natural gas (LNG)....

100

Regional forecasting with global atmospheric models; Final report  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of the project was to conduct model simulations for past and future climate change with respect to the proposed Yucca Mtn. repository. The authors report on three main topics, one of which is boundary conditions for paleo-hindcast studies. These conditions are necessary for the conduction of three to four model simulations. The boundary conditions have been prepared for future runs. The second topic is (a) comparing the atmospheric general circulation model (GCM) with observations and other GCMs; and (b) development of a better precipitation data base for the Yucca Mtn. region for comparisons with models. These tasks have been completed. The third topic is preliminary assessments of future climate change. Energy balance model (EBM) simulations suggest that the greenhouse effect will likely dominate climate change at Yucca Mtn. for the next 10,000 years. The EBM study should improve rational choice of GCM CO{sub 2} scenarios for future climate change.

Crowley, T.J.; Smith, N.R. [Applied Research Corp., College Station, TX (United States)

1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "model regions figure" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

EIS-0023-FEIS-Figures-1979.pdf  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

NORTM NORTM CAROLINA 2 -- r /'- 3Charlo,te Gree,v:; I, o s. \ '~ ( % SOUTH CAROLINA ".4 o " .Alkenoco'"mb'a A1l.a,to \ August. ( SRP O Macon \ GEORGIA ? Charleston 50 MI ".* / 100 Ml 150 Mi 1 \ ATLANTIC OCEAN Sov.nn.h / FIGURE III-1. Location of SRP Relative to Surrounding Population Centers III-2 --- - FIGURE III-2. The Savannah River Plant III-3 FIGURE 'III-3. Profile of Geologic Formation Beneath the Savannah River Plant . III-5 ,-, -,.. . . . . . 5 .-- -612 CRYSTALLINE ROCK . II rfoce FIGURE III-4. Hydrostatic Head in Ground Water Near H Area III-8 ~'z 'Kw ) -.- ________ Alu EN F PLATEAU ";<--'-----% \ ~//i.s,t,,7 --- I '220--- Heed in Tuscaloosa ft H20 obove me.. $,0 level - 5 0 5 10 ,5 MILES FIGURE III-5. Flow in Tuscaloosa Aquifer (Ongoing hydrographic measurements indicate that this flow pattern has remained the same under the SRP site since the early 1950' s.) 111-10 . FIGURE

102

Regional-Scale Climate Change: Observations and Model Simulations  

SciTech Connect

This collaborative proposal addressed key issues in understanding the Earthâ??s climate system, as highlighted by the U.S. Climate Science Program. The research focused on documenting past climatic changes and on assessing future climatic changes based on suites of global and regional climate models. Geographically, our emphasis was on the mountainous regions of the world, with a particular focus on the Neotropics of Central America and the Hawaiian Islands. Mountain regions are zones where large variations in ecosystems occur due to the strong climate zonation forced by the topography. These areas are particularly susceptible to changes in critical ecological thresholds, and we conducted studies of changes in phonological indicators based on various climatic thresholds.

Raymond S. Bradley; Henry F. Diaz

2010-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

103

TURBULENT CONVECTION MODEL IN THE OVERSHOOTING REGION. II. THEORETICAL ANALYSIS  

SciTech Connect

Turbulent convection models (TCMs) are thought to be good tools to deal with the convective overshooting in the stellar interior. However, they are too complex to be applied to calculations of stellar structure and evolution. In order to understand the physical processes of the convective overshooting and to simplify the application of TCMs, a semi-analytic solution is necessary. We obtain the approximate solution and asymptotic solution of the TCM in the overshooting region, and find some important properties of the convective overshooting. (1) The overshooting region can be partitioned into three parts: a thin region just outside the convective boundary with high efficiency of turbulent heat transfer, a power-law dissipation region of turbulent kinetic energy in the middle, and a thermal dissipation area with rapidly decreasing turbulent kinetic energy. The decaying indices of the turbulent correlations k, u{sub r}'T'-bar, and T'T'-bar are only determined by the parameters of the TCM, and there is an equilibrium value of the anisotropic degree {omega}. (2) The overshooting length of the turbulent heat flux u{sub r}'T'-bar is about 1H{sub k} (H{sub k} = |dr/dln k|). (3) The value of the turbulent kinetic energy at the convective boundary k{sub C} can be estimated by a method called the maximum of diffusion. Turbulent correlations in the overshooting region can be estimated by using k{sub C} and exponentially decreasing functions with the decaying indices.

Zhang, Q. S.; Li, Y., E-mail: zqs@ynao.ac.cn, E-mail: ly@ynao.ac.cn [National Astronomical Observatories/Yunnan Observatory, Chinese Academy of Sciences, P.O. Box 110, Kunming 650011 (China)

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Wet-Etch Figuring Optical Figuring by Controlled Application of Liquid Etchant  

SciTech Connect

WET-ETCH FIGURING (WEF) is an automated method of precisely figuring optical materials by the controlled application of aqueous etchant solution. This technology uses surface-tension-gradient-driven flow to confine and stabilize a wetted zone of an etchant solution or other aqueous processing fluid on the surface of an object. This wetted zone can be translated on the surface in a computer-controlled fashion for precise spatial control of the surface reactions occurring (e.g. chemical etching). WEF is particularly suitable for figuring very thin optical materials because it applies no thermal or mechanical stress to the material. Also, because the process is stress-free the workpiece can be monitored during figuring using interferometric metrology, and the measurements obtained can be used to control the figuring process in real-time--something that cannot be done with traditional figuring methods.

Britten, J

2001-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

105

A database approach to information retrieval: The remarkable relationship between language models and region models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this report, we unify two quite distinct approaches to information retrieval: region models and language models. Region models were developed for structured document retrieval. They provide a well-defined behaviour as well as a simple query language that allows application developers to rapidly develop applications. Language models are particularly useful to reason about the ranking of search results, and for developing new ranking approaches. The unified model allows application developers to define complex language modeling approaches as logical queries on a textual database. We show a remarkable one-to-one relationship between region queries and the language models they represent for a wide variety of applications: simple ad-hoc search, cross-language retrieval, video retrieval, and web search.

Hiemstra, Djoerd

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

EIS-0317-S1: Environmental Impact Statement, Maps and Figures...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Environmental Impact Statement, Maps and Figures Kangley-Echo Lake Transmission Line Project Maps and Figures Bonneville Power Administration is proposing to build a new...

107

Sheet Metal Forming: A Review - Figure 18 - TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Figure 18. Fracture and local necking strains in aluminum alloy 5154. Under balanced biaxial tension, failure occurs by fracture before local necking. Figure 18 ...

108

Figure 2. Energy Consumption of Vehicles, Selected Survey Years  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Home > Households, Buildings & Industry >Transportation Surveys > Household Vehicles Energy Use > Figure 2 Figure 2. Energy Consumption of Vehicles, Selected Survey Years...

109

Assessment of the Performance of CORDEX Regional Climate Models in Simulating Eastern Africa Rainfall  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study evaluates the ability of ten Regional Climate Models (RCMs) from the COordinated Regional climate Downscaling Experiment (CORDEX) in simulating the characteristics of rainfall patterns over Eastern Africa region. The seasonal ...

Hussen Seid Endris; Philip Omondi; Suman Jain; Christopher Lennard; Bruce Hewitson; Ladislaus Chang’a; J. L. Awange; Alessandro Dosio; Patrick Ketiem; Grigory Nikulin; Hans-Jürgen Panitz; Matthias Büchner; Frode Stordal; Lukiya Tazalika

110

Improvement of snowpack simulations in a regional climate model  

SciTech Connect

To improve simulations of regional-scale snow processes and related cold-season hydroclimate, the Community Land Model version 3 (CLM3), developed by the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR), was coupled with the Pennsylvania State University/NCAR fifth-generation Mesoscale Model (MM5). CLM3 physically describes the mass and heat transfer within the snowpack using five snow layers that include liquid water and solid ice. The coupled MM5–CLM3 model performance was evaluated for the snowmelt season in the Columbia River Basin in the Pacific Northwestern United States using gridded temperature and precipitation observations, along with station observations. The results from MM5–CLM3 show a significant improvement in the SWE simulation, which has been underestimated in the original version of MM5 coupled with the Noah land-surface model. One important cause for the underestimated SWE in Noah is its unrealistic land-surface structure configuration where vegetation, snow and the topsoil layer are blended when snow is present. This study demonstrates the importance of the sheltering effects of the forest canopy on snow surface energy budgets, which is included in CLM3. Such effects are further seen in the simulations of surface air temperature and precipitation in regional weather and climate models such as MM5. In addition, the snow-season surface albedo overestimated by MM5–Noah is now more accurately predicted by MM5–CLM3 using a more realistic albedo algorithm that intensifies the solar radiation absorption on the land surface, reducing the strong near-surface cold bias in MM5–Noah. The cold bias is further alleviated due to a slower snowmelt rate in MM5–CLM3 during the early snowmelt stage, which is closer to observations than the comparable components of MM5–Noah. In addition, the over-predicted precipitation in the Pacific Northwest as shown in MM5–Noah is significantly decreased in MM5 CLM3 due to the lower evaporation resulting from the longer snow duration.

Jin, J.; Miller, N.L.

2011-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

111

Microsoft Word - Figure_14_15.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

44 0 2 4 6 8 10 1980 1982 1984 1986 1988 1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet 0 40 80 120 160 200 240 280 320 Dollars per Thousand Cubic Meters Constant Dollars Nominal Dollars Figure 14. Average Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers, 1980-2002 Figure 15. Average City Gate Price of Natural Gas in the United States, 2002 (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Sources: Nominal dollars: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-176, "Annual Report of Natural and Supplemental Gas Supply and Disposition," and Form EIA-910, "Monthly Natural Gas Marketer Survey." Constant dollars: Prices were converted to 2002 dollars using the chain-type price indexes for Gross Domestic Product (1996 = 1.0) as published by the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis.

112

Figure and finish of grazing incidence mirrors  

SciTech Connect

Great improvement has been made in the past several years in the quality of optical components used in synchrotron radiation (SR) beamlines. Most of this progress has been the result of vastly improved metrology techniques and instrumentation permitting rapid and accurate measurement of the surface finish and figure on grazing incidence optics. A significant theoretical effort has linked the actual performance of components used as x-ray wavelengths to their topological properties as measured by surface profiling instruments. Next-generation advanced light sources will require optical components and systems to have sub-arc second surface figure tolerances. This paper will explore the consequences of these requirements in terms of manufacturing tolerances to see if the present manufacturing state-of-the-art is capable of producing the required surfaces. 15 refs., 14 figs., 2 tabs.

Takacs, P.Z. (Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (USA)); Church, E.L. (Picatinny Arsenal, Dover, NJ (USA). Army Armament Research, Development and Engineering Center)

1989-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Figure correction of multilayer coated optics  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A process is provided for producing near-perfect optical surfaces, for EUV and soft-x-ray optics. The method involves polishing or otherwise figuring the multilayer coating that has been deposited on an optical substrate, in order to correct for errors in the figure of the substrate and coating. A method such as ion-beam milling is used to remove material from the multilayer coating by an amount that varies in a specified way across the substrate. The phase of the EUV light that is reflected from the multilayer will be affected by the amount of multilayer material removed, but this effect will be reduced by a factor of 1-n as compared with height variations of the substrate, where n is the average refractive index of the multilayer.

Chapman; Henry N. (Livermore, CA), Taylor; John S. (Livermore, CA)

2010-02-16T23:59:59.000Z

114

The 1988 and 1990 Summer Season Simulations for West Africa Using a Regional Climate Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Simulations have been undertaken using a regional climate model (RegCM2) developed at the National Center for Atmospheric Research for the West African growing season (June–September) periods of 1988 and 1990. The regional climate model ...

Gregory S. Jenkins

1997-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Transient Future Climate over the Western United States Using a Regional Climate Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Regional climate models (RCMs) have improved our understanding of the effects of global climate change on specific regions. The need for realistic forcing has led to the use of fully coupled global climate models (GCMs) to produce boundary ...

Mark A. Snyder; Lisa C. Sloan

2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Application of Scale-Selective Data Assimilation to Regional Climate Modeling and Prediction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A method referred to as scale-selective data assimilation (SSDA) is designed to inject the large-scale components of the atmospheric circulation from a global model into a regional model to improve regional climate simulations and predictions. ...

Shiqiu Peng; Lian Xie; Bin Liu; Fredrick Semazzi

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

The Impact of Spectral Nudging on Cloud Simulation with a Regional Atmospheric Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The impact of spectral nudging on cloud simulation with a regional atmospheric model was examined. Simulated cloudiness of the Regional Model (REMO) and the Spectrally Nudged REMO (SN-REMO) were intercompared and evaluated with satellite-derived ...

Insa Meinke; Beate Geyer; Frauke Feser; Hans von Storch

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

A Global, Multi-Resolution Approach to Regional Ocean Modeling  

SciTech Connect

In this collaborative research project between Pennsylvania State University, Colorado State University and Florida State University, we mainly focused on developing multi-resolution algorithms which are suitable to regional ocean modeling. We developed hybrid implicit and explicit adaptive multirate time integration method to solve systems of time-dependent equations that present two signi#12;cantly di#11;erent scales. We studied the e#11;ects of spatial simplicial meshes on the stability and the conditioning of fully discrete approximations. We also studies adaptive #12;nite element method (AFEM) based upon the Centroidal Voronoi Tessellation (CVT) and superconvergent gradient recovery. Some of these techniques are now being used by geoscientists(such as those at LANL).

Du, Qiang

2013-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

119

Short-Term Energy Outlook Figures  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Independent Statistics & Analysis" Independent Statistics & Analysis" ,"U.S. Energy Information Administration" ,"Short-Term Energy Outlook Figures, December 2013" ,"U.S. Prices" ,,"West Texas Intermediate (WTI) Crude Oil Price" ,,"U.S. Gasoline and Crude Oil Prices" ,,"U.S. Diesel Fuel and Crude Oil Prices" ,,"Henry Hub Natural Gas Price" ,,"U.S. Natural Gas Prices" ,"World Liquid Fuels" ,,"World Liquid Fuels Production and Consumption Balance" ,,"Estimated Unplanned Crude Oil Production Outages Among OPEC Producers" ,,"Estimated Unplanned Crude Oil Production Disruptions Among non-OPEC Producers" ,,"World Liquid Fuels Consumption" ,,"World Liquid Fuels Consumption Growth"

120

Microsoft Word - Figure_18_19.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

9 9 0.00-2.49 2.50-4.49 4.50-6.49 6.50-8.49 8.50-10.49 10.50+ WA ID MT OR CA NV UT AZ NM CO WY ND SD MN WI NE IA KS MO TX IL IN OH MI OK AR TN WV VA KY PA WI NY VT NH MA CT ME RI NJ DE DC NC SC GA AL MS LA FL HI AK MD 0.00-2.49 2.50-4.49 4.50-6.49 6.50-8.49 8.50-10.49 10.50+ WA ID MT OR CA NV UT AZ NM CO WY ND SD MN WI NE IA KS MO TX IL IN OH MI OK AR TN WV VA KY MD PA WI NY VT NH MA CT ME RI NJ DE DC NC SC GA AL MS LA FL HI AK Figure 18. Average Price of Natural Gas Delivered to U.S. Onsystem Industrial Consumers, 2004 (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Figure 19. Average Price of Natural Gas Delivered to U.S. Electric Power Consumers, 2004 (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Source: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-176, "Annual Report of Natural and Supplemental Gas Supply and Disposition." Note: States where the electric power price has been withheld (see Table 23) are included in the $0.00-$2.49 price category.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "model regions figure" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Microsoft Word - Figure_14_15.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

5 5 0.00-2.49 2.50-4.49 4.50-6.49 6.50-8.49 8.50-10.49 10.50+ WA ID MT OR CA NV UT AZ NM CO WY ND SD MN WI NE IA KS MO TX IL IN OH MI OK AR TN WV VA KY MD PA WI NY VT NH MA CT ME RI NJ DC NC SC GA AL MS LA FL HI AK DE 0 2 4 6 8 10 1980 1982 1984 1986 1988 1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet 0 40 80 120 160 200 240 280 320 360 Dollars per Thousand Cubic Meters Constant Dollars Nominal Dollars Figure 14. Average Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers, 1980-2004 Figure 15. Average City Gate Price of Natural Gas in the United States, 2004 (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Sources: Nominal dollars: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-176, "Annual Report of Natural and Supplemental Gas Supply and Disposition," and Form EIA-910, "Monthly Natural Gas Marketer Survey." Constant dollars: Prices were converted to 2004 dollars using the chain-type price indexes for Gross Domestic Product

122

The Scripps Coupled Ocean–Atmosphere Regional (SCOAR) Model, with Applications in the Eastern Pacific Sector  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A regional coupled ocean–atmosphere model is introduced. It is designed to admit the air–sea feedbacks arising in the presence of an oceanic mesoscale eddy field. It consists of the Regional Ocean Modeling System (ROMS) and the Regional Spectral ...

Hyodae Seo; Arthur J. Miller; John O. Roads

2007-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

A Split Explicit Reformulation of the Regional Numerical Weather Prediction Model of the Japan Meteorological Agency  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The split explicit integration scheme for numerical weather prediction models is employed in a version of the regional numerical weather prediction model of the Japan Meteorological Agency. The finite-difference scheme of the model is designed in ...

Dean G. Duffy

1981-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

NDP-030/R6 (Figure 2)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2. Regional CO2 emissions from fossil-fuel burning, cement production, and gas flaring for North America and Europe,...

125

Evaluation of the Surface Climatology over the Conterminous United States in the North American Regional Climate Change Assessment Program Hindcast Experiment Using a Regional Climate Model Evaluation System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Surface air temperature, precipitation, and insolation over the conterminous United States region from the North American Regional Climate Change Assessment Program (NARCCAP) regional climate model (RCM) hindcast study are evaluated using the Jet ...

Jinwon Kim; Duane E. Waliser; Chris A. Mattmann; Linda O. Mearns; Cameron E. Goodale; Andrew F. Hart; Dan J. Crichton; Seth McGinnis; Huikyo Lee; Paul C. Loikith; Maziyar Boustani

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Regional load curve models: specification and estimation of the DRI Model. Final report. [Forecasts of electric loads in 32 US regions  

SciTech Connect

The DRI Model of hourly load curves is developed in this report. The model is capable of producing long-term forecasts for 32 US regions. These regions were created by aggregating hourly system load data from 146 electric utilities. These utilities supply approximately 95% of all electricity consumed in the continental US. The model forecasts electricity demands for each hour of the year for each of the 32 regions. Model output includes forecasts of peak demands, megawatt hour demands, load factors, and load duration curves. The DRI Model is estimated in two stages. In the first stage, for each region and month, hourly electricity demands are parameterized into load components representing the effects of lifestyles and weather on regional loads through a time-series model. In the second stage, the variation in these parameterized load components across months and regions is modeled econometrically in terms of energy prices, income levels, appliance saturation rates, and other variables. The second-stage models are essentially models of electricity demand which are estimated using estimated first-stage parameters as dependent variables, instead of observed demands. Regional price and income demand elasticities are implied by the second-stage models. Moreover, since the dependent variables refer to particular hours of the day, these estimated elasticities are hour-specific. (Since prices did not vary over the day in years when hourly load data were available, hour-to-hour, cross-price elasticities were not estimated.) Integrated system hourly load forecasts are obtained combining the influences of individual customer classes. Finally, approximate customer class hourly load shapes can be produced for each region, though these series may be useful only in research endeavors since they lack the precision available through survey methods.

Platt, H.D.; Einhorn, M.A.; Ignelzi, P.C.; Poirier, D.J.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Impact of Ingesting Satellite-Derived Cloud Cover into the Regional Atmospheric Modeling System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study investigates the extent to which assimilating high-resolution remotely sensed cloud cover into the Regional Atmospheric Modeling System (RAMS) provides an improved regional diagnosis of downward short- and longwave surface radiation ...

Ismail Yucel; W. James Shuttleworth; R. T. Pinker; L. Lu; S. Sorooshian

2002-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Two-Year Simulation of the Great Lakes Region with a Coupled Modeling System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we report on an experiment aimed at evaluating the feasibility of the application of our coupled regional climate modeling system to long-term climate simulations over the Great Lakes region. The simulation analyzed covers a ...

Gary T. Bates; Steven W. Hostetler; Filippo Giorgi

1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Greenhouse Gas–Induced Changes in Summer Precipitation over Colorado in NARCCAP Regional Climate Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Precipitation changes between 32-yr periods in the late twentieth and mid-twenty-first centuries are investigated using regional climate model simulations provided by the North American Regional Climate Change Assessment Program (NARCCAP). The ...

Michael A. Alexander; James D. Scott; Kelly Mahoney; Joseph Barsugli

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Greenhouse Gas Induced Changes in Summer Precipitation over Colorado in NARCCAP Regional Climate Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Precipitation changes between 32-year periods in the late-20th and mid-21st centuries are investigated using regional climate model simulations provided by the North American Regional Climate Change Assessment Program (NARCCAP). The simulations ...

Michael A. Alexander; James D. Scott; Kelly Mahoney; Joseph Barsugli

131

Modeling Seasonal Tropical Cyclone Activity in the Fiji Region as a Binary Classification Problem  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study presents a binary classification model for the prediction of tropical cyclone (TC) activity in the Fiji, Samoa, and Tonga regions (the FST region) using the accumulated cyclone energy (ACE) as a proxy of TC activity. A probit regression ...

Savin S. Chand; Kevin J. E. Walsh

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Microsoft Word - Figure_3_4.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

7 7 None 1-15,000 15,001-100,000 100,001-200,000 200,001-500,000 500,001-and over WA ID MT OR CA NV UT AZ NM CO WY ND SD MN WI NE IA KS MO TX IL IN OH MI OK AR TN WV VA KY MD PA WI NY VT NH MA CT ME RI NJ DE DC NC SC GA AL MS LA FL HI AK GOM 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 T e x a s G u l f o f M e x i c o N e w M e x i c o O k l a h o m a W y o m i n g L o u i s i a n a C o l o r a d o A l a s k a K a n s a s A l a b a m a A l l O t h e r S t a t e s Trillion Cubic Feet 0 30 60 90 120 150 180 Billion Cubic Meters 2002 2003 2002 Figure 4. Marketed Production of Natural Gas in Selected States and the Gulf of Mexico, 2002-2003 Figure 3. Marketed Production of Natural Gas in the United States and the Gulf of Mexico, 2003 (Million Cubic Feet) GOM = Gulf of Mexico Sources: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-895, "Monthly and Annual Quantity and Value of Natural Gas Report," and the United States Mineral Management

133

NREL: Regional Energy Deployment System (ReEDS) Model - Documentation...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Assumptions Model Parameters, Variables, and Equations Appendix Printable Version ReEDS Home Model Description Unique Value Documentation Publications NREL is a national...

134

Abstract: Critical Region Vapor-Liquid Equilibrium Model of ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Two distinct thermodynamic models, the modified Leung-Griffiths (MLG) model ... three iterations, the two correlations are in basic agreement except ...

135

Modeling-Computer Simulations At Northern Basin & Range Region (Biasi, Et  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Modeling-Computer Simulations At Northern Basin & Range Region (Biasi, Et Modeling-Computer Simulations At Northern Basin & Range Region (Biasi, Et Al., 2009) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Modeling-Computer Simulations At Northern Basin & Range Region (Biasi, Et Al., 2009) Exploration Activity Details Location Northern Basin and Range Geothermal Region Exploration Technique Modeling-Computer Simulations Activity Date Usefulness useful regional reconnaissance DOE-funding Unknown References Glenn Biasi, Leiph Preston, Ileana Tibuleac (2009) Body Wave Tomography For Regional Scale Assessment Of Geothermal Indicators In The Western Great Basin Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Modeling-Computer_Simulations_At_Northern_Basin_%26_Range_Region_(Biasi,_Et_Al.,_2009)&oldid=40142

136

Configuration and Evaluation of the WRF Model for the Study of Hawaiian Regional Climate  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model V3.3 has been configured for the Hawaiian Islands as a regional climate model for the region (HRCM). This paper documents the model configuration and presents a preliminary evaluation based on a ...

Chunxi Zhang; Yuqing Wang; Axel Lauer; Kevin Hamilton

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Modeling-Computer Simulations At Nw Basin & Range Region (Biasi, Et Al.,  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Biasi, Et Al., Biasi, Et Al., 2009) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Modeling-Computer Simulations At Nw Basin & Range Region (Biasi, Et Al., 2009) Exploration Activity Details Location Northwest Basin and Range Geothermal Region Exploration Technique Modeling-Computer Simulations Activity Date Usefulness useful regional reconnaissance DOE-funding Unknown References Glenn Biasi, Leiph Preston, Ileana Tibuleac (2009) Body Wave Tomography For Regional Scale Assessment Of Geothermal Indicators In The Western Great Basin Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Modeling-Computer_Simulations_At_Nw_Basin_%26_Range_Region_(Biasi,_Et_Al.,_2009)&oldid=401461" Categories: Exploration Activities DOE Funded

138

Does Nudging Squelch the Extremes in Regional Climate Modeling?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An important question in regional climate downscaling is whether to constrain (nudge) the interior of the limited-area domain toward the larger-scale driving fields. Prior research has demonstrated that interior nudging can increase the skill of ...

Tanya L. Otte; Christopher G. Nolte; Martin J. Otte; Jared H. Bowden

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Modeling-Computer Simulations At U.S. West Region (Williams ...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon Modeling-Computer Simulations At U.S. West Region (Williams & Deangelo, 2008) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL...

140

Modeling-Computer Simulations At U.S. West Region (Sabin, Et...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon Modeling-Computer Simulations At U.S. West Region (Sabin, Et Al., 2004) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "model regions figure" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Exploring Perturbed Physics Ensembles in a Regional Climate Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Perturbed physics ensembles (PPEs) have been widely used to assess climate model uncertainties and have provided new estimates of climate sensitivity and parametric uncertainty in state-of-the-art climate models. So far, mainly global climate ...

Omar Bellprat; Sven Kotlarski; Daniel Lüthi; Christoph Schär

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Regional Models of the Atmosphere in Middle Latitudes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This review describes recent development in operational and research limited-area numerical weather prediction models in middle latitudes. The current skill of limited-area models is summarized through the use of conventional measures of ...

Richard A. Anthes

1983-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Examining Interior Grid Nudging Techniques Using Two-Way Nesting in the WRF Model for Regional Climate Modeling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study evaluates interior nudging techniques using the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model for regional climate modeling over the conterminous United States (CONUS) using a two-way nested configuration. NCEP–Department of Energy ...

Jared H. Bowden; Tanya L. Otte; Christopher G. Nolte; Martin J. Otte

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Microsoft Word - Figure_3_4.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

7 7 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 T e x a s G u l f o f M e x i c o O k l a h o m a N e w M e x i c o W y o m i n g L o u i s i a n a C o l o r a d o A l a s k a K a n s a s C a l i f o r n i a A l l O t h e r S t a t e s Trillion Cubic Feet 0 30 60 90 120 150 180 Billion Cubic Meters 2003 2004 2003 Figure 4. Marketed Production of Natural Gas in Selected States and the Gulf of Mexico, 2003-2004 GOM = Gulf of Mexico Sources: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA -895, "Monthly Quantity and Value of Natural Gas Report," and the United States Mineral Management Service. Sources: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA -895, "Monthly Quantity and Value of Natural Gas Report," and the United States Mineral Management Service. None 1-15,000 15,001-100,000 100,001-200,000 200,001-500,000 500,001-and over

145

Regional Climate Change Scenarios over the United States Produced with a Nested Regional Climate Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper two continuous 3½-year-long climate simulations over the continental United States are discussed, one for present-day conditions and one for conditions under double carbon dioxide concentration, conducted with a limited area model (...

Filippo Giorgi; Christine Shields Brodeur; Gary T. Bates

1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

Regional Climate Model Projections and Uncertainties of U.S. Summer Heat Waves  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Regional climate model (RCM) simulations, driven by low and high climate-sensitivity coupled general circulation models (CGCMs) under various future emissions scenarios, were compared to projected changes in heat wave characteristics. The RCM ...

Kenneth E. Kunkel; Xin-Zhong Liang; Jinhong Zhu

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

Quantitative Precipitation Forecasting for the Tennessee and Cumberland River Watersheds Using the NCEP Regional Spectral Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A limited-area spectral model—the Regional Spectral Model—developed at the National Centers for Environmental Prediction is used to prepare daily quantitative precipitation forecasts out to 48 h for the Tennessee and Cumberland River basins in ...

Qi Mao; Stephen F. Mueller; Hann-Ming Henry Juang

2000-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

Comparison of Cumulus Parameterizations and Entrainment Using Domain-Mean Wind Divergence in a Regional Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Several different cumulus parameterizations are compared in a 10-day regional model simulation over the tropical Americas in northern summer. A simple bulk diagnostic test is devised, comparing the model's preferred domain-mean wind divergence ...

Brian E. Mapes; Thomas T. Warner; Mei Xu; David J. Gochis

2004-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

A One-Level, Mesoscale Model for Diagnosing Surface Winds in Mountainous and Coastal Regions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes a one-level, sigma-coordinate, mesoscale model suitable for diagnosing surface winds in mountainous and coastal regions. The model requires only modest computer resources and needs little data for initialization. Energy and ...

Clifford F. Mass; David P. Dempsey

1985-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Investigation of Wave Growth and Decay in the SWAN Model: Three Regional-Scale Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Wave growth and decay characteristics in a typical wave action model [Simulating Waves Nearshore (SWAN)] are investigated in this paper. This study is motivated by generally poor agreement between model results and measurements for a regional-...

W. Erick Rogers; Paul A. Hwang; David W. Wang

2003-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Dual Estimates of the Optimal Plan Model and Regional Market Costs: A Relationship  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The relationship between linear programming dual estimates for the optimal production plan model and real regional market costs is studied. A two-stage linear programming model is necessary for exact approximation of cost allocation in analyzing with ...

Yu. M. Tsodikov; Ya. Yu. Tsodikova

2001-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

Streamflow Data from Small Basins: A Challenging Test to High-Resolution Regional Climate Modeling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Land surface models and large-scale hydrological models provide the basis for studying impacts of climate and anthropogenic changes on continental- to regional-scale hydrology. Hence, there is a need for comparison and validation of simulated ...

Kerstin Stahl; Lena M. Tallaksen; Lukas Gudmundsson; Jens H. Christensen

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

Addressing the Issue of Systematic Errors in a Regional Climate Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A methodology is proposed in which a few prognostic variables of a regional climate model (RCM) are strongly constrained at certain wavelengths to what is prescribed from the bias-corrected atmospheric general circulation model (AGCM; driver ...

Vasubandhu Misra

2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

Thermodynamics of the Madden–Julian Oscillation in a Regional Model with Constrained Moisture  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To identify the main thermodynamic processes that sustain the Madden–Julian oscillation (MJO), an eddy available potential energy budget analysis is performed on a regional model simulation with moisture constrained by observations. The model ...

Samson Hagos; L. Ruby Leung; Jimy Dudhia

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Implementation of an Urban Parameterization Scheme into the Regional Climate Model COSMO-CLM  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As the nonhydrostatic regional model of the Consortium for Small-Scale Modelling in Climate Mode (COSMO-CLM) is increasingly employed for studying the effects of urbanization on the environment, the authors extend its surface-layer ...

Kristina Trusilova; Barbara Früh; Susanne Brienen; Andreas Walter; Valéry Masson; Grégoire Pigeon; Paul Becker

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Large-Scale Atmospheric Forcing by Southeast Pacific Boundary Layer Clouds: A Regional Model Study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A regional model is used to study the radiative effect of boundary layer clouds over the southeast Pacific on large-scale atmosphere circulation during August–October 1999. With the standard settings, the model simulates reasonably well the large-...

Yuqing Wang; Shang-Ping Xie; Bin Wang; Haiming Xu

2005-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

Can a Regional Climate Model Improve the Ability to Forecast the North American Monsoon?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Global climate models are challenged to represent the North American monsoon, in terms of its climatology and interannual variability. To investigate whether a regional atmospheric model can improve warm season forecasts in North America, a ...

Christopher L. Castro; Hsin-I Chang; Francina Dominguez; Carlos Carrillo; Jae-Kyung Schemm; Hann-Ming Henry Juang

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

The Representation of Atmospheric Motion in Models of Regional-Scale Air Pollution  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A method is developed for generating ensembles of wind fields for use in regional scale (1000 km) models of transport and diffusion. The underlying objective is a methodology for representing atmospheric motion in applied air pollution models ...

Robert G. Lamb; Saroj K. Hati

1987-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

An Application of an Explicit Microphysics Mesoscale Model to a Regional Icing Event  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A hydrostatic regional prediction model is modified to permit the existence of both liquid and ice hydrometeors within the same grid volume. The modified model includes an efficient ice-water saturation adjustment and a simple procedure to create ...

George D. Modica; Scot T. Heckman; Roy M. Rasmussen

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Simulation of Summer Monsoon Climate over East Asia with an NCAR Regional Climate Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A summertime season climate over east Asia is simulated with a regional climate model (RegCM) developed at the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) to validate the model's capability to produce the basic characteristics of monsoon ...

Yongqiang Liu; Filippo Giorgi; Warren M. Washington

1994-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "model regions figure" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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161

A Diagnostic Analysis of a Long-Term Regional Air Pollutant Transport Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Predicted concentrations from the Regional Air Pollutant Transport (RAPT) model are compared with the corresponding observed values of sulfate, and the results used to define strengths and weaknesses in the model formulation.

Daniel J. McNaughton; Carl M. Berkowitz; Robert C. Williams

1981-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

A Semi-Implicit Semi-Lagrangian Regional Climate Model: The Canadian RCM  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new regional climate model (RCM) is presented in this paper and its performance is investigated through a pair of 60-day simulations. This new model is based on the dynamical formulation of the Cooperative Centre for Research in Mesometeorology ...

Daniel Caya; René Laprise

1999-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

A Vertically Nested Regional Numerical Weather Prediction Model with Second-Order Closure Physics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The model we describe involves a unique strategy in which a high vertical resolution grid is nested within the coarse vertical resolution grid of a regional numerical weather prediction (NWP) model. Physics computations performed on the high ...

Stephen D. Burk; William T. Thompson

1989-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Modeling Regional Electricity Generation - U.S. Energy Information ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... satisfactorily for historical 2004 and preliminary 2006 data The model is capable of capturing seasonal fluctuations Shape of load curves (max and min ...

165

Regional & Global Climate Modeling (RGCM) Program | U.S. DOE...  

Office of Science (SC) Website

System Research (ASR) Program Data Management Earth System Modeling (ESM) Program William R. Wiley Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory (EMSL) Integrated Assessment of...

166

The development of a regional geomagnetic daily variation model using neural networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The development of a regional geomagnetic daily variation model using neural networks P. R. Sutclie: 28 June 1999 / Accepted: 20 July 1999 Abstract. Global and regional geomagnetic ®eld models give the components of the geomagnetic ®eld as func- tions of position and epoch; most utilise a polynomial or Fourier

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

167

Improving the simulation of the West African Monsoon using the MIT Regional Climate Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents an evaluation of the performance of the MIT Regional Climate Model (MRCM) in simulating the West African Monsoon. MRCM is built on Regional Climate Model Version 3 (RegCM3) but with several improvements; including coupling of ...

Eun-Soon Im; Rebecca L. Gianotti; Elfatih A. B. Eltahir

168

Regional forecasting with global atmospheric models; Third year report  

SciTech Connect

This report was prepared by the Applied Research Corporation (ARC), College Station, Texas, under subcontract to Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) as part of a global climate studies task. The task supports site characterization work required for the selection of a potential high-level nuclear waste repository and is part of the Performance Assessment Scientific Support (PASS) Program at PNL. The work is under the overall direction of the Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste Management (OCRWM), US Department of Energy Headquarters, Washington, DC. The scope of the report is to present the results of the third year`s work on the atmospheric modeling part of the global climate studies task. The development testing of computer models and initial results are discussed. The appendices contain several studies that provide supporting information and guidance to the modeling work and further details on computer model development. Complete documentation of the models, including user information, will be prepared under separate reports and manuals.

Crowley, T.J.; North, G.R.; Smith, N.R. [Applied Research Corp., College Station, TX (United States)

1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Modeling-Computer Simulations At Northern Basin & Range Region (Pritchett,  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Modeling-Computer Simulations At Northern Basin & Range Region (Pritchett, Modeling-Computer Simulations At Northern Basin & Range Region (Pritchett, 2004) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Modeling-Computer Simulations At Northern Basin & Range Region (Pritchett, 2004) Exploration Activity Details Location Northern Basin and Range Geothermal Region Exploration Technique Modeling-Computer Simulations Activity Date Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown References J. W. Pritchett (2004) Finding Hidden Geothermal Resources In The Basin And Range Using Electrical Survey Techniques- A Computational Feasibility Study Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Modeling-Computer_Simulations_At_Northern_Basin_%26_Range_Region_(Pritchett,_2004)&oldid=401423"

170

Fog Forecasting for the Southern Region: A Conceptual Model Approach  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The prediction of fog occurrence, extent, duration, and intensity remains difficult despite improvements in numerical guidance and modeling of the fog phenomenon. This is because of the dependency of fog on microphysical and mesoscale processes ...

Paul J. Croft; Russell L. Pfost; Jeffrey M. Medlin; G. Alan Johnson

1997-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Regional Climate–Weather Research and Forecasting Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The CWRF is developed as a climate extension of the Weather Research and Forecasting model (WRF) by incorporating numerous improvements in the representation of physical processes and integration of external (top, surface, lateral) forcings that are ...

Xin-Zhong Liang; Min Xu; Xing Yuan; Tiejun Ling; Hyun I. Choi; Feng Zhang; Ligang Chen; Shuyan Liu; Shenjian Su; Fengxue Qiao; Yuxiang He; Julian X. L. Wang; Kenneth E. Kunkel; Wei Gao; Everette Joseph; Vernon Morris; Tsann-Wang Yu; Jimy Dudhia; John Michalakes

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

Figure 5. Percentage change in natural gas dry production and ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Figure 5. Percentage change in natural gas dry production and number of gas wells in the United States, 2007?2011 annual ...

173

Figure 8. Renewable energy share of U.S. electricity ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Title: Figure 8. Renewable energy share of U.S. electricity generation in four cases, 2000-2040 (percent) Subject: Annual Energy Outlook 2013 Author

174

Figure 79. Electricity sales and power sector generating ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Title: Figure 79. Electricity sales and power sector generating capacity, 1949-2040 (index, 1949 = 1.0) Subject: Annual Energy Outlook 2013 Author

175

Figure 15. Renewable electricity generation in three cases ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Sheet3 Sheet2 Sheet1 Figure 15. Renewable electricity generation in three cases, 2005-2040 (billion kilowatthours) Extended Policies No Sunset ...

176

Figure 17. Electricity generation from natural gas in ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Sheet3 Sheet2 Sheet1 Figure 17. Electricity generation from natural gas in three cases, 2005-2040 (billion kilowatthours) Extended Policies No Sunset

177

Figure 14. Lease condensate and natural gas plant liquids ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Figure 14 Date % LC % NGPL NGL Reserves Bn Barrels OGR-Brent Average 2009-2011 Liquids Reserves NGPL Reserves Condensate Reserves % Lease condensate ...

178

Figure 38. Levelized costs of nuclear electricity generation in ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Sheet3 Sheet2 Sheet1 Figure 38. Levelized costs of nuclear electricity generation in two cases, 2025 (2011 dollars per megawatthour) Reference Small Modular Reactor

179

Figure 18. Energy-related carbon dioxide emissions in three ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Sheet3 Sheet2 Sheet1 Figure 18. Energy-related carbon dioxide emissions in three cases, 2005-2040 (million metric tons) Extended Policies No Sunset

180

Ayn Rand, Alberti and the Authorial Figure of the Architect  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Authorial Figure of the Architect Marvin Trachtenberg Whatnor was it written by an architect, historian, or critic. InRoark, an aspiring architect who, echoing the megalomania of

Trachtenberg, Marvin

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "model regions figure" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Figure 1. Microsupercapacitors developed with novel carbon nano-  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Figure 1. Microsupercapacitors developed with novel carbon nano- onion electrodes exhibit extremely resolution (Balke et al, Nano Letters 10, 3420, 2010). #12;

182

Mobility of Ions in Lanthanum Fluoride Nanoclusters--Figure 9  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

c, d. Figure 9. Shows the r-dependence of this function at several different temperatures. At each temperature the upper graph represents the F- van Hove ...

183

Figure 58. Residential sector adoption of renewable energy ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Sheet3 Sheet2 Sheet1 Figure 58. Residential sector adoption of renewable energy technologies in two cases, 2005-2040 PV and wind (gigawatts) Heat pump ...

184

Figure 64. Industrial energy consumption by fuel, 2011, 2025, and ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Sheet3 Sheet2 Sheet1 Figure 64. Industrial energy consumption by fuel, 2011, 2025, and 2040 (quadrillion Btu) Natural Gas Petroleum and other liquids

185

Figure 63. Industrial delivered energy consumption by application ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Sheet3 Sheet2 Sheet1 Figure 63. Industrial delivered energy consumption by application, 2011-2040 (quadrillion Btu) Manufacturing heat and power Nonmanufacturing heat ...

186

Figure 51. World production of liquids from biomass, coal ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Title: Figure 51. World production of liquids from biomass, coal, and natural gas in three cases, 2011 and 2040 (million barrels per day) Subject

187

Figure 57. Change in residential delivered energy consumption ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Sheet3 Sheet2 Sheet1 Figure 57. Change in residential delivered energy consumption for selected end uses in four cases, 2011-2040 (percent) Best Available Technology

188

Figure 59. Commercial delivered energy intensity in four cases ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Sheet3 Sheet2 Sheet1 Figure 59. Commercial delivered energy intensity in four cases, 2005-2040 (index, 2005 = 1) Reference case 2011 Technology case

189

Figure 55. Residential delivered energy intensity in four ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Sheet3 Sheet2 Sheet1 Figure 55. Residential delivered energy intensity in four cases, 2005-2035 (index, 2005 = 1) Best Available Technology case High Technology case

190

Annual Energy Outlook with Projections to 2025-Figure 1. Energy...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

With Projections to 2025 Figure 1. Energy price projectionsm 2001-2025: AEO2002 and AEO2003 compared (2001 dollars). For more detailed information, contact the National Energy...

191

Figure 34. Ratio of average per megawatthour fuel costs ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Title: Figure 34. Ratio of average per megawatthour fuel costs for natural gas combined-cycle plants to coal-fired steam turbines in the RFC west ...

192

Figure 77. Electricity generation capacity additions by fuel type ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Sheet3 Sheet2 Sheet1 Figure 77. Electricity generation capacity additions by fuel type, including combined heat and power, 2012-2040 (gigawatts) Coal

193

Figure 6. Type of Homes by Insulation, 2001  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Home >>Residential Home Page>>Insulation > Figure 6. Type of Homes by Insulation, 2001. To Top. Contacts: Specific questions may be directed to:

194

Modeling-Computer Simulations At General Us Region (Goff & Decker, 1983) |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Us Region (Goff & Decker, 1983) Us Region (Goff & Decker, 1983) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Modeling-Computer Simulations At General Us Region (Goff & Decker, 1983) Exploration Activity Details Location General Us Region Exploration Technique Modeling-Computer Simulations Activity Date Usefulness useful DOE-funding Unknown Notes Review and identification of 24 potential sites for EGS development across the U.S., as well as modeling of the representative geologic systems in which promising EGS sites occur. References Fraser Goff, Edward R. Decker (1983) Candidate Sites For Future Hot Dry Rock Development In The United States Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Modeling-Computer_Simulations_At_General_Us_Region_(Goff_%26_Decker,_1983)&oldid=38761

195

Estimating the Effects on the Regional Precipitation Climate in a Semiarid Region Caused by an Artificial Lake Using a Mesoscale Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The effects on the regional precipitation climate by the construction of an artificial lake, in a semiarid region are studied. The study is performed using a mesoscale model to identify the larger-scale meteorological conditions when ...

Leif Enger; Michael Tjernström

1991-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

PRISM 2.0: Regional Energy and Economic Model Development and Initial Application, US-REGEN Model Documentation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) has developed a new energy-economy model of the United States under the PRISM 2.0 project called the U.S. Regional Economy, Greenhouse Gas, and Energy (US-REGEN) Model. The model combines a detailed dispatch and capacity expansion model of the United States electric sector with a high-level dynamic computable general equilibrium (CGE) model of the United States economy. ...

2013-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

197

Modeling-Computer Simulations At U.S. West Region (Laney, 2005) | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Modeling-Computer Simulations At U.S. West Region Modeling-Computer Simulations At U.S. West Region (Laney, 2005) Exploration Activity Details Location U.S. West Region Exploration Technique Modeling-Computer Simulations Activity Date Usefulness useful regional reconnaissance DOE-funding Unknown Notes Characterization and Conceptual Modeling of Magmatically-Heated and Deep-Circulation, High-Temperature Hydrothermal Systems in the Basin and Range and Cordilleran United States, Moore, Nash, Nemcok, Lutz, Norton, Kaspereit, Berard, van de Putte, Johnson and Deymonaz. Utilizing a wealth of formerly proprietary subsurface samples and datasets for exemplary high-temperature western U.S. geothermal systems, develop and publish detailed and refined new conceptual and numerical hydrothermal-history models of fundamental scientific import but, more importantly, of use to

198

Modeling regional end user price/cost relationships in a widespread interconnected power system  

SciTech Connect

A combined programming and regression modeling approach is developed to analyze regional retail price/cost relationships for a widespread interconnected power system characterized by low population density and uniform (regulated) retail tariffs. The programming model is designed to calculate on the hour the delivered cost of electricity from 5 thermal power stations and one pumped storage hydrostation to end users in 8 distribution regions. A simultaneous equation regression model then analyses the link between retail prices charged end users, regional demand and supply characteristics, industry financial objectives and departures from economically efficient pricing. The electricity supply industry in Queensland Australia is used as a framework.

Tamaschke, R.; Docwra, G.; Stillman, R. [Univ. of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland (Australia)

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Analysis of Regional Climate Model Results for Simulations of Future Climates  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Contemporary global climate models produce results that are too coarse to provide the level of detail required to evaluate environmental, social, and economic impacts of global climate change. High-resolution limited-area models (regional climate models) nested within the global model output have been used to create physically and spatially consistent climates with high spatial resolution. This report evaluates the effectiveness of these models.

2002-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

200

Tectonic controls on magmatism in The Geysers--Clear Lake region: Evidence from new geophysical models  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

In order to study magmatism and geothermal systems in the Geysers-Clear Lake region, the authors developed a detailed three-dimensional tomographic velocity model based on local earthquakes. This high-resolution model resolves the velocity structure of the crust in the region to depths of approximately 12 km. The most significant velocity contrasts in The Geysers-Clear Lake region occur in the steam production area, where high velocities are associated with a Quaternary granite pluton, and in the Mount Hannah region, where low velocities occur in a 5-km-thick section of Mesozoic argillites. In addition, a more regional tomographic model was developed using traveltimes from earthquakes covering most of northern California. This regional model sampled the whole crust, but at a lower resolution than the local model. No large silicic magma chamber is noted in either the local or regional tomographic models. A three-dimensional gravity model also has ben developed in the area of the tomographic imaging. The gravity model demonstrates that all density contrasts can be accounted for in the upper 5--7 km of the crust. Two-dimensional magnetotelluric models of data from a regional east-west profile indicate high resistivities associated with the granitic pluton in The Geysers production area and low resistivities in the low-velocity section of Mesozoic argillites near Mount Hannah. No indication of midcrustal magma bodies is present in the magnetotelluric data. The geophysical models, seismicity patterns, distribution of volcanic vents, heat flow, and other data indicate that small, young intrusive bodies that were injected along a northeast trend from The Geysers to Clear Lake probably control the thermal regime.

Stanley, W.D.; Benz, H.M.; Villasenor, A.; Rodriguez, B.D. [Geological Survey, Denver, CO (United States). Denver Federal Center] [Geological Survey, Denver, CO (United States). Denver Federal Center; Walters, M.A. [CalEnergy Corp., Ridgecrest, CA (United States)] [CalEnergy Corp., Ridgecrest, CA (United States)

1998-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "model regions figure" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Principal UncertaintiesPrincipal Uncertainties Their Representation in the Regional Portfolio ModelTheir Representation in the Regional Portfolio Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Electricity RequirementsElectricity Requirements Council Load Forecast and Portfolio Model Range 10000 15000 and Conservation Council for the Load Forecasting Advisory Committee Friday June 27, 2008 2 Overview Electricity RequirementsElectricity Requirements 5th Plan Non-DSI Price Effects Sales Forecasts 12000 14000

202

Regional load-curve models: scenario and forecast using the DRI model. Final report. [Forecasts of electric power loads in 32 US regions  

SciTech Connect

Regional load curve models were constructed for 32 regions that have been created by aggregating hourly load data from 146 electric utilities. These utilities supply approximately 95% of the electricity consumed in the continental US. The 32 models forecast electricity demands by hour, 8784 regional load forecasts per year. Because projections are made for each hour in the year, contemporaneous forecasts are available for peak demands, megawatt hour demands, load factors, load duration curves, and typical load shapes. The forecast scenario is described and documented in this volume and the forecast resulting from the use of this scenario is presented. The highlights of this forecast are two observations: (1) peak demands will once again become winter phenomena. By the year 2000, 18 of the 32 regions peak in a winter month as compared with the 8 winter peaking regions in 1977. In the heating season, the model is responsive to the number of heating degree-hours, the penetration rate of electric heating equipment, and the rate at which this space conditioning equipment is utilized, which itself is functionally dependent on the level of real electricity prices and real incomes. Thus, as the penetration rate of electric heating equipment increases, winter season demands grow more rapidly than demands in other seasons and peaks begin to appear in winter months; and (2) load factors begin to increase in the forecast, reversing the trend which began in the early 1960s. Nationally, load factors do not leap upwards, instead they increase gradually from .609 in 1977 to .629 in the year 2000. The improvement is more consequential in some regions, with load factors increasing, at times, by .10 or more. In some regions, load factors continue to decline.

Platt, H.D.

1981-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

A multi-region nonlinear age-size structured fish population model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The goal of this paper is to present a generic multi-region nonlinear age-size structured fish population model, and to assess its mathematical well-posedness. An initial-boundary-value problem is formulated. Existence and uniqueness of a positive weak solution is proved. Eventually, a comparison result is derived: the population of all regions decreases as the mortality rate increases in at least one region.

Faugeras, Blaise

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Projections of a Wetter Sahel in the Twenty-First Century from Global and Regional Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Confident regional-scale climate change predictions for the Sahel are needed to support adaptation planning. State-of-the-art regional climate model (RCM) simulations at 90- and 30-km resolutions are run and analyzed along with output from five ...

Edward K. Vizy; Kerry H. Cook; Julien Crétat; Naresh Neupane

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Regional Climate Change in East Asia Simulated by an Interactive Atmosphere–Soil–Vegetation Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A regional coupled soil–vegetation–atmosphere model is used to study changes and interactions between climate and the ecosystem in East Asia due to increased atmospheric CO2. The largest simulated climate changes are due to the radiative ...

Ming Chen; David Pollard; Eric J. Barron

2004-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

Guatemala-Low-Carbon Energy for Central America: Building a Regional Model  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Guatemala-Low-Carbon Energy for Central America: Building a Regional Model Guatemala-Low-Carbon Energy for Central America: Building a Regional Model Jump to: navigation, search Name Guatemala-Low-Carbon Energy for Central America: Building a Regional Model Agency/Company /Organization World Watch Institute Sector Energy Focus Area Renewable Energy Topics Background analysis, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Policies/deployment programs Website http://www.worldwatch.org/node Country Guatemala Central America References Low-Carbon Energy for Central America: Building a Regional Model[1] Overview "This project will design a unified low-carbon development strategy for Central America through the use of renewable energy and energy efficiency maps, followed by technical, economic, and social feasibility studies for

207

Nicaragua-Low-Carbon Energy for Central America: Building a Regional Model  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Nicaragua-Low-Carbon Energy for Central America: Building a Regional Model Nicaragua-Low-Carbon Energy for Central America: Building a Regional Model Jump to: navigation, search Name Nicaragua-Low-Carbon Energy for Central America: Building a Regional Model Agency/Company /Organization World Watch Institute Sector Energy Focus Area Renewable Energy Topics Background analysis, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Policies/deployment programs Website http://www.worldwatch.org/node Country Nicaragua Central America References Low-Carbon Energy for Central America: Building a Regional Model[1] Overview "This project will design a unified low-carbon development strategy for Central America through the use of renewable energy and energy efficiency maps, followed by technical, economic, and social feasibility studies for

208

Low-Carbon Energy for Central America: Building a Regional Model | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Low-Carbon Energy for Central America: Building a Regional Model Low-Carbon Energy for Central America: Building a Regional Model Jump to: navigation, search Name Low-Carbon Energy for Central America: Building a Regional Model Agency/Company /Organization World Watch Institute Sector Energy Focus Area Renewable Energy Topics Background analysis, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Policies/deployment programs Website http://www.worldwatch.org/node Country Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama Central America, Central America, Central America, Central America, Central America, Central America, Central America References Low-Carbon Energy for Central America: Building a Regional Model[1] Overview "This project will design a unified low-carbon development strategy for

209

Honduras-Low-Carbon Energy for Central America: Building a Regional Model |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Honduras-Low-Carbon Energy for Central America: Building a Regional Model Honduras-Low-Carbon Energy for Central America: Building a Regional Model Jump to: navigation, search Name Honduras-Low-Carbon Energy for Central America: Building a Regional Model Agency/Company /Organization World Watch Institute Sector Energy Focus Area Renewable Energy Topics Background analysis, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Policies/deployment programs Website http://www.worldwatch.org/node Country Honduras Central America References Low-Carbon Energy for Central America: Building a Regional Model[1] Overview "This project will design a unified low-carbon development strategy for Central America through the use of renewable energy and energy efficiency maps, followed by technical, economic, and social feasibility studies for

210

Belize-Low-Carbon Energy for Central America: Building a Regional Model |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Belize-Low-Carbon Energy for Central America: Building a Regional Model Belize-Low-Carbon Energy for Central America: Building a Regional Model Jump to: navigation, search Name Belize-Low-Carbon Energy for Central America: Building a Regional Model Agency/Company /Organization World Watch Institute Sector Energy Focus Area Renewable Energy Topics Background analysis, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Policies/deployment programs Website http://www.worldwatch.org/node Country Belize Central America References Low-Carbon Energy for Central America: Building a Regional Model[1] Overview "This project will design a unified low-carbon development strategy for Central America through the use of renewable energy and energy efficiency maps, followed by technical, economic, and social feasibility studies for

211

Modeling-Computer Simulations At Nw Basin & Range Region (Laney, 2005) |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Modeling-Computer Simulations At Nw Basin & Range Region (Laney, 2005) Modeling-Computer Simulations At Nw Basin & Range Region (Laney, 2005) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Modeling-Computer Simulations At Nw Basin & Range Region (Laney, 2005) Exploration Activity Details Location Northwest Basin and Range Geothermal Region Exploration Technique Modeling-Computer Simulations Activity Date Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown Notes Assembling Crustal Geophysical Data for Geothermal Exploration in the Great Basin, Louie and Coolbaugh. We have compiled velocity information from sources in the literature, results of previous seismic experiments and earthquake-monitoring projects, and data donated from mining, geothermal, and petroleum companies. We also collected (May 2002 and August 2004) two

212

Costa Rica-Low-Carbon Energy for Central America: Building a Regional Model  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Costa Rica-Low-Carbon Energy for Central America: Building a Regional Model Costa Rica-Low-Carbon Energy for Central America: Building a Regional Model Jump to: navigation, search Name Costa-Rica-Low-Carbon Energy for Central America: Building a Regional Model Agency/Company /Organization World Watch Institute Sector Energy Focus Area Renewable Energy Topics Background analysis, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Policies/deployment programs Website http://www.worldwatch.org/node Country Costa Rica Central America References Low-Carbon Energy for Central America: Building a Regional Model[1] Overview "This project will design a unified low-carbon development strategy for Central America through the use of renewable energy and energy efficiency maps, followed by technical, economic, and social feasibility studies for

213

Coupling of Integrated Biosphere Simulator to Regional Climate Model Version 3  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A description of the coupling of Integrated Biosphere Simulator (IBIS) to Regional Climate Model version 3 (RegCM3) is presented. IBIS introduces several key advantages to RegCM3, most notably vegetation dynamics, the coexistence of multiple ...

Jonathan M. Winter; Jeremy S. Pal; Elfatih A. B. Eltahir

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

A Regional Ocean–Atmosphere Model for Eastern Pacific Climate: Toward Reducing Tropical Biases  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The tropical Pacific Ocean is a climatically important region, home to El Niño and the Southern Oscillation. The simulation of its climate remains a challenge for global coupled ocean–atmosphere models, which suffer large biases especially in ...

Shang-Ping Xie; Toru Miyama; Yuqing Wang; Haiming Xu; Simon P. de Szoeke; R. Justin O. Small; Kelvin J. Richards; Takashi Mochizuki; Toshiyuki Awaji

2007-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Inclusion of a TKE Boundary Layer Parameterization in the Canadian Regional Finite-Element Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The formulation of the regional model recently implemented by the Atmospheric Environment Service of Canada for its operational 48 h NWP forecasts is presented. The emphasis is put on the parameterization of the physical processes, especially ...

R. Benoit; J. Côté; J. Mailhot

1989-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

The Soil–Precipitation Feedback: A Process Study with a Regional Climate Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Month-long integrations with a regional climate model covering Europe and the Northern Atlantic are utilized to study the sensitivity of the summertime European precipitation climate with respect to the continental-scale soil moisture content. ...

Christoph Schär; Daniel Lüthi; Urs Beyerle; Erdmann Heise

1999-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

Investigating the Mechanisms of Diurnal Rainfall Variability Using a Regional Climate Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study investigates the ability of a regional climate model (RCM) to simulate the diurnal cycle of precipitation over southeast Australia, to provide a basis for understanding the mechanisms that drive diurnal variability. When compared with ...

Jason P. Evans; Seth Westra

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

Environment and the Lifetime of Tropical Deep Convection in a Cloud-Permitting Regional Model Simulation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

By applying a cloud tracking algorithm to tropical convective systems in a simulated a regional high resolution model simulation, this study documents the environmental conditions before and after convective systems are initiated over ocean and ...

Samson Hagos; Zhe Feng; Sally McFarlane; L. Ruby Leung

219

Implementation of an urban parameterization scheme into the regional climate model COSMO-CLM.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As the non-hydrostatic regional climate model COSMO-CLM is increasingly employed for studying effects of urbanization on the environment we extend its surface-layer parameterization by the Town Energy Budget (TEB) parameterization (Masson 2000) ...

Kristina Trusilova; Barbara Früh; Susanne Brienen; Andreas Walter; Valéry Masson; Grégoire Pigeon; Paul Becker

220

Operational Implementation of the Fritsch–Chappell Convective Scheme in the 24-km Canadian Regional Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The objective and subjective evaluations that led to the implementation of the Fritsch and Chappell (FC) convective scheme in the new 24-km Canadian operational regional model are described in this study. Objective precipitation scores computed ...

Stéphane Bélair; André Méthot; Jocelyn Mailhot; Bernard Bilodeau; Alain Patoine; Gérard Pellerin; Jean Côté

2000-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "model regions figure" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Coupling of Integrated Biosphere Simulator to Regional Climate Model Version 3  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A description of the coupling of Integrated Biosphere Simulator (IBIS) to Regional Climate Model version 3 (RegCM3) is presented. IBIS introduces several key advantages to RegCM3, most notably vegetation dynamics, the ...

Winter, Jonathan (Jonathan Mark)

222

Modeling Ozone Formation and Transport in the Cascadia Region of the Pacific Northwest  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The rapidly growing Cascadia region of the Pacific Northwest, consisting of western Washington, Oregon, and southwestern British Columbia, has experienced surface ozone concentrations that exceed federally mandated standards. A modeling system ...

Mike Barna; Brian Lamb; Susan O’Neill; Hal Westberg; Cris Figueroa-Kaminsky; Sally Otterson; Clint Bowman; Jennifer DeMay

2000-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

A Quasi-Lagrangian Regional Model Designed for Operational Weather Prediction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A regional numerical weather prediction model is designed using the quasi-Lagrangian method for operational forecasting of synoptic and mesoscale disturbances. The nonlinear advective terms and the total forcing experienced by a fluid parcel are ...

Mukut B. Mathur

1983-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Environment and the Lifetime of Tropical Deep Convection in a Cloud-Permitting Regional Model Simulation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

By applying a cloud-tracking algorithm to tropical convective systems in a regional high-resolution model simulation, this study documents the environmental conditions before and after convective systems are initiated over ocean and land by ...

Samson Hagos; Zhe Feng; Sally McFarlane; L. Ruby Leung

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Improving Convective Precipitation Forecasting through Assimilation of Regional Lightning Measurements in a Mesoscale Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A technique developed for assimilating regional lightning measurements into a meteorological model is presented in this paper. The goal is to assess the effectiveness of cloud-to-ground (CG) lightning information for improving the convective ...

Anastasios Papadopoulos; Themis G. Chronis; Emmanouil N. Anagnostou

2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

A Multiscale Remote Sensing Model for Disaggregating Regional Fluxes to Micrometeorological Scales  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Disaggregation of regional-scale (103 m) flux estimates to micrometeorological scales (101–102 m) facilitates direct comparison between land surface models and ground-based observations. Inversely, it also provides a means for upscaling flux-...

Martha C. Anderson; J. M. Norman; John R. Mecikalski; Ryan D. Torn; William P. Kustas; Jeffrey B. Basara

2004-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Modeling Regional Vegetation NPP Variations and Their Relationships with Climatic Parameters in Wuhan, China  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Net primary productivity (NPP) is an important component of the carbon cycle and a key indicator of ecosystem performance. The aim of this study is to construct a more accurate regional vegetation NPP estimation model and explore the relationship ...

Lunche Wang; Wei Gong; Yingying Ma; Miao Zhang

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Sensitivity Study of Regional Climate Model Simulations to Large-Scale Nudging Parameters  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Previous studies with nested regional climate models (RCMs) have shown that large-scale spectral nudging (SN) seems to be a powerful method to correct RCMs’ weaknesses such as internal variability, intermittent divergence in phase space (IDPS), ...

Adelina Alexandru; Ramon de Elia; René Laprise; Leo Separovic; Sébastien Biner

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Ability to Forecast Regional Soil Moisture with a Distributed Hydrological Model Using ECMWF Rainfall Forecasts  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study mimics an online forecast system to provide nine day-ahead forecasts of regional soil moisture. It uses modified ensemble rainfall forecasts from the numerical weather prediction model of the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather ...

J. M. Schuurmans; M. F. P. Bierkens

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Assessment of Roughness Length Schemes Implemented within the Noah Land Surface Model for High Altitude Regions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Current land surface models still have difficulties with producing reliable surface heat fluxes and skin temperature (Tsfc) estimates for high altitude regions, which may be addressed via adequate parameterization of the roughness lengths for ...

Donghai Zheng; Rogier Van Der Velde; Zhongbo Su; Martijn J. Booij; Arjen Y. Hoekstra

231

Recent Greenland Accumulation Estimated from Regional Climate Model Simulations and Ice Core Analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The accumulation defined as “precipitation minus evaporation” over Greenland has been simulated with the high-resolution limited-area regional climate model HIRHAM4 applied over an Arctic integration domain. This simulation is compared with a ...

K. Dethloff; M. Schwager; J. H. Christensen; S. Kiilsholm; A. Rinke; W. Dorn; F. Jung-Rothenhäusler; H. Fischer; S. Kipfstuhl; H. Miller

2002-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Mesoscale Model Simulations of Three Heavy Precipitation Events in the Western Mediterranean Region  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A mesoscale numerical model with parameterized moist convection is applied to three cases involving heavy rainfall in the western Mediterranean region. Forecast precipitation fields, although not perfect when compared to the observations of ...

Romualdo Romero; Clemente Ramis; Sergio Alonso; Charles A. Doswell III; David J. Stensrud

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Multimodel Combination by a Bayesian Hierarchical Model: Assessment of Ice Accumulation over the Oceanic Arctic Region  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The performance of general circulation models (GCMs) varies across regions and periods. When projecting into the future, it is therefore not obvious whether to reject or to prefer a certain GCM. Combining the outputs of several GCMs may enhance ...

Malaak Kallache; Elena Maksimovich; Paul-Antoine Michelangeli; Philippe Naveau

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Tests of a Perturbed Physics Ensemble Approach for Regional Climate Modeling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Ensemble simulations were performed with the regional climate model RegCM2 using ranges of plausible values for two parameters in the deep convection scheme. The timescale for release of convective instability was varied through a range of five ...

Zhiwei Yang; Raymond W. Arritt

2002-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

The 1998 Oklahoma–Texas Drought: Mechanistic Experiments with NCEP Global and Regional Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study presents results from mechanistic experiments to clarify the origin and maintenance of the Oklahoma–Texas (OK–TX) drought of the 1998 summer, using the National Centers for Environmental Prediction (NCEP) global and regional models. In ...

Song-You Hong; Eugenia Kalnay

2002-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Resource Planning Model: An Integrated Resource Planning and Dispatch Tool for Regional Electric Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report introduces a new capacity expansion model, the Resource Planning Model (RPM), with high spatial and temporal resolution that can be used for mid- and long-term scenario planning of regional power systems. Although RPM can be adapted to any geographic region, the report describes an initial version of the model adapted for the power system in Colorado. It presents examples of scenario results from the first version of the model, including an example of a 30%-by-2020 renewable electricity penetration scenario.

Mai, T.; Drury, E.; Eurek, K.; Bodington, N.; Lopez, A.; Perry, A.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

Thermoelectric figure of merit for bulk nanostructured composites with distributed parameters  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The effective properties of composites whose structure includes nanocontacts between bulk-phase macrocrystallites are considered. A model for such a nanostructured composite is constructed. Effective values of the thermoelectric power, thermal and electrical conductivities, and thermoelectric figure of merit are calculated in the mean-field approximation.

Snarskii, A. A. [National Technical University 'Kyiv Polytechnic Institute' (Ukraine); Sarychev, A. K. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Institute for Theoretical and Applied Electromagnetics (Russian Federation); Bezsudnov, I. V., E-mail: biv@akuan.ru ['Nauka-Service' Scientific and Production Company (Russian Federation); Lagarkov, A. N. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Institute for Theoretical and Applied Electromagnetics (Russian Federation)

2012-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

238

Extreme Precipitation and Temperature over the U.S. Pacific Northwest: A Comparison between Observations, Reanalysis Data, and Regional Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Extreme precipitation and temperature indices in reanalysis data and regional climate models are compared to station observations. The regional models represent most indices of extreme temperature well. For extreme precipitation, finer grid ...

Valérie Dulière; Yongxin Zhang; Eric P. Salathé Jr.

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

How Well Do Regional Climate Models Reproduce Radiation and Clouds in the Arctic? An Evaluation of ARCMIP Simulations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Downwelling radiation in six regional models from the Arctic Regional Climate Model Intercomparison (ARCMIP) project is systematically biased negative in comparison with observations from the Surface Heat Budget of the Arctic Ocean (SHEBA) ...

Michael Tjernström; Joseph Sedlar; Matthew D. Shupe

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Thermodynamic Causes for Future Trends in Heavy Precipitation over Europe Based on an Ensemble of Regional Climate Model Simulations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An extreme-value analysis of projected changes in heavy precipitation is carried out for an ensemble of eight high-resolution regional climate model simulations over the European domain. The consideration of several regional climate models that ...

Christine Radermacher; Lorenzo Tomassini

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "model regions figure" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Evaluation of tools for renewable energy policy analysis: The ten federal region model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Energy Policy Act of 1992 establishes a program to support development of renewable energy technologies including a production incentive to public power utilities. Because there is a wide range of possible policy actions that could be taken to increase electric market share for renewables, modeling tools are needed to help make informed decisions regarding future policy. Previous energy modeling tools did not contain the region or infrastructure focus necessary to examine renewable technologies. As a result, the Department of Energy Office of Utility Technologies (OUT) supported the development of tools for renewable energy policy analysis. Three models were developed: The Renewable Energy Penetration (REP) model, which is a spreadsheet model for determining first-order estimates of policy effects for each of the ten federal regions; the Ten Federal Region Model (TFRM), which employs utility capacity expansion and dispatching decision; and the Region Electric Policy Analysis Model (REPAM), which was constructed to allow detailed insight into interactions between policy and technology within an individual region. These Models were developed to provide a suite of fast, personal-computer based policy analysis tools; as one moves from the REP model to the TFRM to the REPAM the level of detail (and complexity) increases. In 1993 a panel was formed to identify model strengths, weaknesses (including any potential biases) and to suggest potential improvements. The panel met in January 1994 to discuss model simulations and to deliberate regarding evaluation outcomes. This report is largely a result of this meeting. This report is organized as follows. It provides a description of the TFRM and summarizes the panel`s findings. Individual chapters examine various aspects of the model: demand and load, capacity expansion, dispatching and production costing, reliability, renewables, storage, financial and regulatory concerns, and environmental effects.

Engle, J.

1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

11.482J / 1.285J / ESD.193J Regional Socioeconomic Impact Analysis and Modeling, Fall 2004  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Reviews regional economic theories and models and provides students with experience in using alternative economic impact assessment models on microcomputers. Problem sets are oriented around infrastructure, housing, energy, ...

Polenske, Karen R.

243

11.482J / 1.285J / ESD.193J Regional Socioeconomic Impact Analysis and Modeling, Fall 2005  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Reviews regional economic theories and models and provides students with experience in using alternative economic impact assessment models on microcomputers. Problem sets are oriented around infrastructure, housing, energy, ...

Polenske, Karen R.

244

Coupling of Integrated Biosphere Simulator to Regional Climate Model version 3  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Presented in this thesis is a description of the coupling of Integrated Biosphere Simulator (IBIS) to Regional Climate Model version 3 (RegCM3), and an assessment of the coupled model (RegCM3-IBIS). RegCM3 is a 3-dimensional, ...

Winter, Jonathan (Jonathan Mark)

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Introducing an Irrigation Scheme to a Regional Climate Model: A Case Study over West Africa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This article presents a new irrigation scheme and biome to the dynamic vegetation model, Integrated Biosphere Simulator (IBIS), coupled to Regional ClimateModel version 3 (RegCM3-IBIS). The new land cover allows for only the plant functional type, ...

Marc P. Marcella; Elfatih A. B. Eltahir

246

Modeling the Spatial Distribution of Snow Cover in the Dudhkoshi Region of the Nepal Himalayas  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this study, a distributed biosphere hydrological model with three-layer energy-balance snow physics [an improved version of the Water and Energy Budget–based Distributed Hydrological Model (WEB-DHM-S)] is applied to the Dudhkoshi region of the ...

Maheswor Shrestha; Lei Wang; Toshio Koike; Yongkang Xue; Yukiko Hirabayashi

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Integration of regional to outcrop digital data: 3D visualisation of multi-scale geological models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Multi-scale geological models contain three-dimensional, spatially referenced data, typically spanning at least six orders of magnitude from outcrop to regional scale. A large number of different geological and geophysical data sources can be combined ... Keywords: Digital geological mapping, Immersive visualisation, Terrestrial laser-scanning, User interaction, Virtual outcrop models

R. R. Jones; K. J. W. McCaffrey; P. Clegg; R. W. Wilson; N. S. Holliman; R. E. Holdsworth; J. Imber; S. Waggott

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

41 List of Figures, Tables and Examples  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This report was prepared by Brian Curtis as an independent consultant to the U.S. Department of Energy. It is intended to provide an objective view of the evolving ethanol industry and many of its key participants. It is the first effort to establish an annual “Year in Review, ” report for use by industry, investors, policy makers and regulators. This report covers the period Jan 2007 – Feb 2008. FUNDED BY THE OFFICE OF THE BIOMASS PROGRAM The Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy’s Biomass Program works with industry, academia and national laboratory partners on a balanced approach to advance biomass as a significant and sustainable energy source for the 21st century. Through research, development and demonstration efforts geared towards establishing the integrated biorefinery model, the Biomass Program is helping transform the nation’s renewable and abundant biomass resources into cost competitive high performance biofuels, bioproducts and biopower. In his 2007 State of the Union address, the President established aggressive goals to reduce gasoline consumption through efficiency and adoption of alternative fuels, resulting in the December 2007 passage of the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007. Consequently, the Biomass Program is focusing its efforts to ensure that advanced biofuels are cost competitive by 2012. Another major effort of the Program is to further develop infrastructure and opportunities for market penetration of biobased fuels and products.

unknown authors

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

Modeling-Computer Simulations At Nw Basin & Range Region (Blackwell, Et  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Modeling-Computer Simulations At Nw Basin & Range Region (Blackwell, Et Al., 2003) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Modeling-Computer Simulations At Nw Basin & Range Region (Blackwell, Et Al., 2003) Exploration Activity Details Location Northwest Basin and Range Geothermal Region Exploration Technique Modeling-Computer Simulations Activity Date Usefulness useful DOE-funding Unknown Notes Developed natural state mass and energy transport fluid flow models of generic Basin and Range systems based on Dixie Valley data that help to

250

Regional load-curve models: QUERI's model long-run forecasts and sensitivity analysis. Volume 4. Final report. [Hourly demand in 32 US regions  

SciTech Connect

This report presents detailed forecasts of the hourly demand for electricity in 32 regions of the US through the year 2000. The forecasts are generated by a load curve model estimated by QUERI and described in Volume II of this report. Two primary sets of input assumptions for this model are utilized: one based on DRI's macro, regional and sectoral models is called the Baseline Scenario while the other, which is a projection of historical trends, is the Extrapolation Scenario. Under both assumptions, the growth rates of electricity are forecast to slow from historical levels. Load factors are generally projected to continue to decline; most regions are forecast to remain Summer peaking but this is rather sensitive to the choice of scenario. By considering other scenarios which are small perturbations of the Baseline assumptions, elasticities of average, peak and hourly loads are calculated. Different weather assumptions are also examined for the sensitivity of the load shapes to changes in the weather.

Engle, R.F.; Granger, C.W.J.; Ramanathan, R.

1981-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Figure 33. Ratio of average per megawatthour fuel costs for ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Sheet3 Sheet2 Sheet1 Figure 33. Ratio of average per megawatthour fuel costs for natural gas combined-cycle plants to coal-fired steam turbines in the SERC southeast ...

252

Figure 27. Ratio of average per megawatthour fuel costs for ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Sheet3 Sheet2 Sheet1 Figure 27. Ratio of average per megawatthour fuel costs for natural gas combined-cycle plants to coal-fired steam turbines in five cases, 2008-2040

253

Figure 6. Transportation energy consumption by fuel, 1990-2040 ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Sheet3 Sheet2 Sheet1 Figure 6. Transportation energy consumption by fuel, 1990-2040 (quadrillion Btu) Motor Gasoline, no E85 Pipeline Other E85 Jet Fuel

254

Figure 5. Energy-related carbon dioxide emissions in four ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Sheet3 Sheet2 Sheet1 Reference High Oil/Gas Resouce CO2$15 CO2$15HR Released: May 2, 2013 Figure 5. Energy-related carbon dioxide emissions in four ...

255

Figure 88. Annual average Henry Hub spot prices for natural ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Sheet3 Sheet2 Sheet1 Figure 88. Annual average Henry Hub spot prices for natural gas in five cases, 1990-2040 (2011 dollars per million Btu) Reference

256

Figure 86. Annual average Henry Hub spot natural gas prices ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Sheet3 Sheet2 Sheet1 Figure 86. Annual average Henry Hub spot natural gas prices, 1990-2040 (2011 dollars per million Btu) Henry Hub Spot Price 1990.00

257

A system-wide productivity figure of merit  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The goal of this note is to combine productivity and performance benchmark measurement and subjective evaluations into a single system-wide figure of merit that could, for example, be used for budget justifications and procurements. With simplifying ...

Declan Murphy; Thomas Nash; Lawrence Votta

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Figure 3 from "Plutonium: Coping with Instability" by Siegfried S ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This figure shows the (a) U.S. and (b) Russian versions of the Pu-Ga phase diagram. The Russian version, with a eutectoid point of 97°C and 7.9 at.% Ga, is

259

Figure ES2. Annual Indices of Real Disposable Income, Vehicle...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

ES2 Figure ES2. Annual Indices of Real Disposable Income, Vehicle-Miles Traveled, Consumer Price Index (CPI-U), and Real Average Retail Gasoline Price, 1978-2004, 1985100...

260

Figure 7.9 Coal Prices - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Figure 7.9 Coal Prices Total, 1949-2011 By Type, 1949-2011 By Type, 2011 214 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "model regions figure" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Figure 10.1 Renewable Energy Consumption (Quadrillion Btu)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Figure 10.1 Renewable Energy Consumption (Quadrillion Btu) Total and Major Sources, 1949–2012 By Source, 2012 By Sector, 2012 Compared With Other Resources, 1949–2012

262

Particle Data Group - Figures from 2012 edition of RPP  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Leptons Quarks Mesons Baryons Searches Figures from the Reviews in the Gauge and Higgs Boson Listings: The Mass and Width of the W Boson (rev.) Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Higgs Bosons:...

263

Particle Data Group - Figures from 2009 edition of RPP  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Leptons Quarks Mesons Baryons Searches Figures from the Reviews in the Gauge and Higgs Boson Listings: The Mass and Width of the W Boson (Rev.) Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Higgs Bosons:...

264

Particle Data Group - Figures from 2007 web update of RPP  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Leptons Quarks Mesons Baryons Searches Figures from the Reviews in the Gauge and Higgs Boson Listings: The Mass of the W Boson Fig. 1 Searches for Higgs Bosons Fig. 1 Fig. 2...

265

Particle Data Group - Figures from 2008 edition of RPP  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Leptons Quarks Mesons Baryons Searches Figures from the Reviews in the Gauge and Higgs Boson Listings: The Mass and Width of the W Boson Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Higgs Bosons: Theory and...

266

Particle Data Group - Figures from 2010 edition of RPP  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Leptons Quarks Mesons Baryons Searches Figures from the Reviews in the Gauge and Higgs Boson Listings: The Mass and Width of the W Boson (rev.) Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Higgs Bosons:...

267

Particle Data Group - Figures from 2011 edition of RPP  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Leptons Quarks Mesons Baryons Searches Figures from the Reviews in the Gauge and Higgs Boson Listings: The Mass and Width of the W Boson (2010) Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Higgs Bosons:...

268

Sheet Metal Forming: A Review - Figure 6 - TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Figure 6. Forming-limit diagram for low-carbon steel. Data of Reference 6 have been replotted and a dashed line has been added for maximum tension (T = st), ...

269

Figure SR2. Net Imports as Percentage of Domestic Consumption ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Figure SR2 of the U.S. Natural Gas Imports & Exports: 2009. This report provides an overview of U.S. international natural gas trade in 2009. Natural gas import and ...

270

Investigation of the Summer Climate of the Contiguous United States and Mexico Using the Regional Atmospheric Modeling System (RAMS). Part I: Model Climatology (1950–2002)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Fifty-three years of the NCEP–NCAR Reanalysis I are dynamically downscaled using the Regional Atmospheric Modeling System (RAMS) to generate a regional climate model (RCM) climatology of the contiguous United States and Mexico. Data from the RAMS ...

Christopher L. Castro; Roger A. Pielke Sr.; Jimmy O. Adegoke

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

MODELING AND ANALYSIS OF GLOBAL AND REGIONAL HYDROLOGIC PROCESSES AND APPROPRIATE CONSERVATION OF MOIST ENTROPY  

SciTech Connect

The research supported by DOE funding addressed the fundamental issues of understanding and modeling of hydrologic processes in relation to regional and global climate change. The emphasis of this research effort was on the application of isentropic modeling and analysis to advance the accuracy of the simulation of all aspects of the hydrologic cycle including clouds and thus the climate state regionally and globally. Simulation of atmospheric hydrologic processes by the UW hybrid isentropic coordinate models provided fundamental insight into global monsoonal circulations, and regional energy exchange in relation to the atmospheric hydrologic cycle. Inter-comparison of UW hybrid model simulations with those from the NCAR Community Climate Model and other climate and numerical weather prediction (NWP) models investigated the increased accuracies gained in modeling long-range transport in isentropic coordinates and isolated differences in modeling of the climate state. The inter-comparisons demonstrated advantages in the simulation of the transport of the hydrologic components of the climate system and provided insight into the more general problems of simulating hydrologic processes, aerosols and chemistry for climate. This research demonstrated the viability of the UW isentropic-eta model for long-term integration for climate and climate change studies and documented that no insurmountable barriers exist to simulation of climate utilizing hybrid isentropic coordinate models. The results provide impetus for continued development of hybrid isentropic coordinate models as a means to advance accuracies in the simulation of global and regional climate in relation to transport and the planetary distribution of heat sources and sinks.

Donald Johnson, Todd Schaack

2007-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

272

Research Needs and Directions of Regional Climate Modeling Using WRF and CCSM  

SciTech Connect

Climate varies across a wide range of temporal and spatial scales. Yet, climate modeling has long been approached using global models that can resolve only the broader scales of atmospheric processes and their interactions with land, ocean, and sea ice. Clearly, large-scale climate determines the environment for mesoscale and microscale processes that govern the weather and local climate, but, likewise, processes that occur at the regional scale may have significant impacts on the large scale circulation. Resolving such scale interactions will lead to much improved understanding of how climate both influences, and is influenced by, human activities. Since October 2003, the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) has supported an effort through the Opportunity Fund to develop regional climate modeling capability using the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model (http://www.wrf-model.org/index.php) and the Community Climate System Model (CCSM) (http://www.ccsm.ucar.edu/models), with participations by members of both the Mesoscale and Microscale Meteorology and Climate and Global Dynamics Divisions. The goal is to develop a next generation community Regional Climate Model (RCM) that can address both downscaling and upscaling issues in climate modeling. Downscaling is the process of deriving regional climate information based on large-scale climate conditions. Both dynamical and statistical downscaling methods have been used to produce regional climate change scenarios; however, their resolution and physical fidelity are considered inadequate. Hence, the global change community has expressed a strong demand for improved regional climate information to explore the implications of adaptation and mitigation and assess climate change impacts (http://www.climatescience.gov/events/workshop2002/). Upscaling encapsulates the aggregate effects of small-scale physical and dynamical processes on the large-scale climate. One form of upscaling is the use of physical parameterizations such as that for deep convection. These are also considered to be inadequate, as much of the uncertainty in model sensitivity to greenhouse gases is now known to be associated with cloud parameterizations. Another form of upscaling is to explicitly include the effects of regional processes on the large-scale environment, both locally and remotely. Since their inception in the late 1980s, RCMs have been used predominantly to address downscaling issues through one-way coupling with global analyses or climate models. As part of the NCAR project, WRF has been adapted for simulating regional climate. Seasonal simulations over the U.S. have shown realistic features including the low-level jet and diurnal cycle of rainfall in the Central U.S. (Leung et al. 2005), and orographic precipitation in the western U.S. (Done et al. 2005). A WRF Regional Climate Modeling Working Group has been established to coordinate RCM research activities. To help define the next steps, a workshop on “Research Needs and Directions of Regional Climate Modeling Using WRF and CCSM” was organized to engage the regional and global climate modeling communities to: (1) define research needs for the development of a next generation community RCM based on WRF and CCSM; (2) define upscaling and downscaling research that can be addressed by RCMs; and (3) develop a plan of actions that would meet the research needs. This article summarizes the research issues and recommendations discussed at the workshop. There is no implied order in the research priorities listed below. Workshop agenda and presentations can be found at http://box.mmm.ucar.edu/events/rcm05/.

Leung, Lai R.; Kuo, Y.-H.; Tribbia, J.

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Modeling-Computer Simulations At Northern Basin & Range Region (Blackwell,  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Northern Basin & Northern Basin & Range Region (Blackwell, Et Al., 2003) Exploration Activity Details Location Northern Basin and Range Geothermal Region Exploration Technique Modeling-Computer Simulations Activity Date Usefulness useful DOE-funding Unknown Notes Developed natural state mass and energy transport fluid flow models of generic Basin and Range systems based on Dixie Valley data that help to understand the nature of large scale constraints on the location and characteristics of the geothermal systems References D. D. Blackwell, K. W. Wisian, M. C. Richards, Mark Leidig, Richard Smith, Jason McKenna (2003) Geothermal Resource Analysis And Structure Of Basin And Range Systems, Especially Dixie Valley Geothermal Field, Nevada Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Modeling-Computer_Simulations_At_Northern_Basin_%26_Range_Region_(Blackwell,_Et_Al.,_2003)&oldid=401422

274

Ocean forecasting in terrain-following coordinates: Formulation and skill assessment of the Regional Ocean Modeling System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Systematic improvements in algorithmic design of regional ocean circulation models have led to significant enhancement in simulation ability across a wide range of space/time scales and marine system types. As an example, we briefly review the Regional ... Keywords: Biogeochemical cycles, Incompressible Navier-Stokes equations, Regional ocean prediction, Sea ice modeling, Split-explicit time stepping

D. B. Haidvogel; H. Arango; W. P. Budgell; B. D. Cornuelle; E. Curchitser; E. Di Lorenzo; K. Fennel; W. R. Geyer; A. J. Hermann; L. Lanerolle; J. Levin; J. C. McWilliams; A. J. Miller; A. M. Moore; T. M. Powell; A. F. Shchepetkin; C. R. Sherwood; R. P. Signell; J. C. Warner; J. Wilkin

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Simulation of the Recent Multidecadal Increase of Atlantic Hurricane Activity Using an 18-km-Grid Regional Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this study, a new modeling framework for simulating Atlantic hurricane activity is introduced. The model is an 18-km-grid nonhydrostatic regional model, run over observed specified SSTs and nudged toward observed time-varying large-scale ...

Thomas R. Knutson; Joseph J. Sirutis; Stephen T. Garner; Isaac M. Held; Robert E. Tuleya

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

Incorporating Stakeholder Decision Support Needs into an Integrated Regional Earth System Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new modeling effort exploring the opportunities, constraints, and interactions between mitigation and adaptation at regional scale is utilizing stakeholder engagement in an innovative approach to guide model development and demonstration, including uncertainty characterization, to effectively inform regional decision making. This project, the integrated Regional Earth System Model (iRESM), employs structured stakeholder interactions and literature reviews to identify the most relevant adaptation and mitigation alternatives and decision criteria for each regional application of the framework. The information is used to identify important model capabilities and to provide a focus for numerical experiments. This paper presents the stakeholder research results from the first iRESM pilot region. The pilot region includes the Great Lakes Basin in the Midwest portion of the United States as well as other contiguous states. This geographic area (14 states in total) permits cohesive modeling of hydrologic systems while also providing gradients in climate, demography, land cover/land use, and energy supply and demand. The results from the stakeholder research indicate that iRESM should prioritize addressing adaptation alternatives in the water resources, urban infrastructure, and agriculture sectors, such as water conservation, expanded water quality monitoring, altered reservoir releases, lowered water intakes, urban infrastructure upgrades, increased electric power reserves in urban areas, and land use management/crop selection changes. Regarding mitigation alternatives, the stakeholder research shows a need for iRESM to focus on policies affecting the penetration of renewable energy technologies, and the costs and effectiveness of energy efficiency, bioenergy production, wind energy, and carbon capture and sequestration.

Rice, Jennie S.; Moss, Richard H.; Runci, Paul J.; Anderson, K. L.; Malone, Elizabeth L.

2012-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

277

Simulation of Regional Climate Using a Limited Area Model Nested in a General Circulation Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A Limited Area Model (LAM) is nested in a General Circulation Model (GCM) to simulate the January climate over the western United States. In the nesting procedure, the GCM output is used to provide the initial and lateral atmospheric boundary ...

Filippo Giorgi

1990-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Wetland model in an earth systems modeling framework for regional environmental policy analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The objective of this research is to investigate incorporating a wetland component into a land energy and water fluxes model, the Community Land Model (CLM). CLM is the land fluxes component of the Integrated Global Systems ...

Awadalla, Sirein Salah

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Regional climate effects of irrigation and urbanization in the western united states: a model intercomparison  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the two northern grid cells, sensible heat flux decreasedthe two southern grid cells sensible heat flux increased andgrid cells that were irrigated in Figure 5. January and August latent heat

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

BILIWG: Consistent "Figures of Merit" (Presentation)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

BILIWG: Consistent "Figures of Merit" BILIWG: Consistent "Figures of Merit" A finite set of results reported in consistent units * To track progress of individual projects on a consistent basis * To enable comparing projects in a transparent manner Potential BILIWG Figures of Merit Key BILI Distributed Reforming Targets * Cost ($/kg of H2): H2A analysis - Distributed reforming station,1000 kg/day ave./daily dispensed, 5000/6250 psi (and 10,000/12,000 psi) dispensing, 500 units/yr. * nth unit vs. 500 units/yr ? * production unit only (with 300 psi outlet pressure) ? * Production unit efficiency: LHV H2 out/(LHV of feedstocks and all other energy in) GTG - WTG efficiency? - Feedstock conversion energy efficiency? * Production unit capital cost: Distributed reforming station,1000 kg/day ave./daily dispensed, 300 psi outlet pressure

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "model regions figure" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Regional Modelling of the Southern African Geomagnetic Field using Harmonic Splines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Over the southern African region the geomagnetic field is weak and changes rapidly. For this area series of geomagnetic field measurements exist since the 1950s. We take advantage of the existing repeat station surveys and observatory annual means, and clean these data sets by eliminating jumps and minimising external field contributions in the original time series. This unique data set allows us to obtain a detailed view of the geomagnetic field behaviour in space and time by computing a regional model. For this, we use a system of representation similar to harmonic splines. Initially, the technique is systematically tested on synthetic data. After systematically testing the method on synthetic data, we derive a model for 1961 to 2001 that gives a detailed view of the fast changes of the geomagnetic field in this region.

Geese, Anne; Lesur, Vincent; Mandea, Mioara

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

Investigation of Aapprox100 mass region up to exotic with interacting boson model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Even-even nuclei in the Aapprox100 mass region are investigated within the framework of the interacting boson model-1 (IBM-1). The parametrization established on the basis of known elements is then used to predict properties of the unknown. This paper includes the predicted energy spectra and the potential energy surface obtained from the IBM-1 hamiltonian in the classical limit.

Boeyuekata, M. [Physics Department, Faculty of Science and Arts, University of Kirikkale, 71100 Kirikkale (Turkey); Physics Department 'Galileo Galilei', Padova University, Via Marzolo 8, I-35131 Padova (Italy); Uluer, I. [Physics Department, Faculty of Science and Arts, University of Kirikkale, 71100 Kirikkale (Turkey)

2010-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

283

The Value of Coarse-Scale Soil Moisture Observations for Regional Surface Energy Balance Modeling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Using high-resolution (1 km) hydrologic modeling of the 575 000-km2 Red–Arkansas River basin, the impact of spatially aggregating soil moisture imagery up to the footprint scale (32–64 km) of spaceborne microwave radiometers on regional-scale ...

Wade T. Crow; Eric F. Wood

2002-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

A Preliminary Synthesis of Modeled Climate Change Impacts on U.S. Regional Ozone Concentrations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper provides a synthesis of results that have emerged from recent modeling studies of the potential sensitivity of U.S. regional ozone (O3) concentrations to global climate change (ca. 2050). This research has been carried out under the ...

C. P. Weaver; E. Cooter; R. Gilliam; A. Gilliland; A. Grambsch; D. Grano; B. Hemming; S. W. Hunt; C. Nolte; D. A. Winner; X-Z. Liang; J. Zhu; M. Caughey; K. Kunkel; J-T. Lin; Z. Tao; A. Williams; D. J. Wuebbles; P. J. Adams; J. P. Dawson; P. Amar; S. He; J. Avise; J. Chen; R. C. Cohen; A. H. Goldstein; R. A. Harley; A. L. Steiner; S. Tonse; A. Guenther; J-F. Lamarque; C. Wiedinmyer; W. I. Gustafson; L. R. Leung; C. Hogrefe; H-C. Huang; D. J. Jacob; L. J. Mickley; S. Wu; P. L. Kinney; B. Lamb; N. K. Larkin; D. McKenzie; K-J. Liao; K. Manomaiphiboon; A. G. Russell; E. Tagaris; B. H. Lynn; C. Mass; E. Salathé; S. M. O'neill; S. N. Pandis; P. N. Racherla; C. Rosenzweig; J-H. Woo

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

A Multiyear Regional Climate Hindcast for the Western United States Using the Mesoscale Atmospheric Simulation Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In preparation for studying the effects of increased CO2 on the hydrologic cycle in the western United States, an 8-yr hindcast was performed using a regional climate model (RCM) driven by the large-scale forcing from the NCEP–NCAR reanalysis. ...

Jinwon Kim; Jung-Eun Lee

2003-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Quantification of the Lateral Boundary Forcing of a Regional Climate Model Using an Aging Tracer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The present work introduces a new and useful tool to quantify the lateral boundary forcing of a regional climate model (RCM). This tool, an aging tracer, computes the time the air parcels spend inside the limited-area domain of an RCM. The aging ...

Philippe Lucas-Picher; Daniel Caya; Sébastien Biner; René Laprise

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Changes in the European Precipitation Climatologies as Derived by an Ensemble of Regional Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper analyzes the changes in the precipitation climatologies of Europe for the periods 1960–90 and 2070–2100 using a heterogeneous set of regional climate models (RCMs). The authors used the Climatic Research Unit (CRU) database to define a ...

Francisco J. Tapiador; Enrique Sánchez

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Simulation of the Arid Climate of the Southern Great Basin Using a Regional Climate Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As part of the development effort of a regional climate model (RCM)for the southern Great Basin, this paper present savalidation analysis of the climatology generated by a high-resolution RCM driven by observations. The RCM is aversion of the ...

Filippo Giorgi; Gary T. Bates; Steven J. Nieman

1992-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Diagnosing Land–Atmosphere Interaction from a Regional Climate Model Simulation over West Africa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Land–atmosphere interaction at climatological time scales in a large area that includes the West African Sahel has been explicitly explored in a regional climate model (RegCM) simulation using a range of diagnostics. First, areas and seasons of ...

Bart J. J. M. van den Hurk; Erik van Meijgaard

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Future climate in the Tibetan Plateau from a statistical regional climate model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We use a statistical regional climate model (STAR) to project the Tibetan Plateau (TP) climate for the period 2015-2050. Reanalysis datasets covering 1958-2001 are used as a substitute of observations and resampled by STAR to optimally fit ...

Xiuhua Zhu; Weiqiang Wang; Klaus Fraedrich

291

Assessment of Value Added for Surface Marine Wind Speed Obtained from Two Regional Climate Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Hindcasts with reanalysis-driven regional climate models (RCMs) are a common tool to assess weather statistics (i.e., climate) and recent changes and trends. The capability of different state-of-the-art RCMs (with and without spectral nudging ...

Jörg Winterfeldt; Ralf Weisse

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

An Investigation of Summer Precipitation Simulated by the Canadian Regional Climate Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the present paper, a 5-yr baseline integration for the period 1987–91 was carried out over a Pan-Canadian domain to validate the performance of the third-generation Canadian Regional Climate Model (CRCM). The CRCM simulated the large-scale ...

Yanjun Jiao; Daniel Caya

2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

Assessing the Performance of Multiple Regional Climate Model Simulations for Seasonal Mountain Snow in the Upper Colorado River Basin  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study assesses the performance of the regional climate model (RCM) simulations from the North American Regional Climate Change Assessment Program (NARCCAP) for the Upper Colorado River basin (UCRB), U.S. Rocky Mountains. The UCRB is a major ...

Nadine Salzmann; Linda O. Mearns

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

1999 Commercial Buildings Characteristics--Census Region  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

and population were found in the South region, while the Northeast had the smallest percentage of each (less than 20 percent). Detailed tables Figure 1. Percentage of Buildings,...

295

Modeling-Computer Simulations At Walker-Lane Transitional Zone Region  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Modeling-Computer Simulations At Walker-Lane Modeling-Computer Simulations At Walker-Lane Transitional Zone Region (Laney, 2005) Exploration Activity Details Location Walker-Lane Transition Zone Geothermal Region Exploration Technique Modeling-Computer Simulations Activity Date Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown Notes Assembling Crustal Geophysical Data for Geothermal Exploration in the Great Basin, Louie and Coolbaugh. We have compiled velocity information from sources in the literature, results of previous seismic experiments and earthquake-monitoring projects, and data donated from mining, geothermal, and petroleum companies. We also collected (May 2002 and August 2004) two new crustal refraction profiles across western Nevada and the northern and central Sierra. These sections had not been well characterized previously.

296

NREL: Regional Energy Deployment System (ReEDS) Model - Unique Value of  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Unique Value of ReEDS Unique Value of ReEDS Spatial Resolution and Variability Consideration The Regional Energy Deployment System (ReEDS) model has singular capabilities that differentiate it from other models and that make it uniquely suitable for certain types of analyses. While ReEDS can model all types of power generators and fuels-coal, gas, nuclear, renewables-it was designed primarily to address considerations for integrating renewable electric technologies into the power grid. In particular, it was designed to address the variable resource issues associated with solar and wind power as well as the remote nature of many of the best wind resources and their need for transmission. These capabilities require the two primary structural elements of ReEDS-a multiplicity of regions and a

297

Conceptual model for regional radionuclide transport from a salt dome repository: a technical memorandum  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Disposal of high-level radioactive wastes is a major environmental problem influencing further development of nuclear energy in this country. Salt domes in the Gulf Coast Basin are being investigated as repository sites. A major concern is geologic and hydrologic stability of candidate domes and potential transport of radionuclides by groundwater to the biosphere prior to their degradation to harmless levels of activity. This report conceptualizes a regional geohydrologic model for transport of radionuclides from a salt dome repository. The model considers transport pathways and the physical and chemical changes that would occur through time prior to the radionuclides reaching the biosphere. Necessary, but unknown inputs to the regional model involve entry and movement of fluids through the repository dome and across the dome-country rock interface and the effect on the dome and surrounding strata of heat generated by the radioactive wastes.

Kier, R.S.; Showalter, P.A.; Dettinger, M.D.

1980-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

298

arXiv:1004.0236v1[astro-ph.CO]1Apr2010 Figures of merit for present and future dark energy probes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

arXiv:1004.0236v1[astro-ph.CO]1Apr2010 Figures of merit for present and future dark energy probes constraints on dynamical dark energy models from Type Ia supernovae and the cosmic microwave background using figures of merit based on the volume of the allowed dark energy parameter space. For a two-parameter dark

Hu, Wayne

299

Figure 62. Additions to electricity generation capacity in the ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Microturbines Wind Solar photovoltaics Released: April 30, 2013 No Sunset $0.90 $0.80 $2.27 $2.15 $5.04 $4.65 $2.96 $0.66 $13.72 $10.17. Title: Figure 62.

300

Thermoelectric figure of merit of LSCoO-Mn perovskites  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Oxide ceramics with nominal composition of La"0"."8Sr"0"."2Co"1"-"xMn"xO"3(0= Keywords: 72.20.Pa, 84.60.Bk, 84.60.Rb, 85.80.Fi, LSCoO compounds, Thermoelectric figure of merit, Thermoelectric materials

J. E. Rodríguez; D. Cadavid; L. C. Moreno

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "model regions figure" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Object Recognition by Sequential Figure-Ground Ranking  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present an approach to visual object-class segmentation and recognition based on a pipeline that combines multiple figure-ground hypotheses with large object spatial support, generated by bottom-up computational processes that do not exploit knowledge ... Keywords: Learning and ranking, Object recognition, Semantic segmentation

João Carreira; Fuxin Li; Cristian Sminchisescu

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Influence of Precipitation Assimilation on a Regional Climate Model’s Surface Water and Energy Budgets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Initialization of the moisture profiles has been used to overcome the imbalance between analysis schemes and prediction models that generates the so-called spinup problem seen in the hydrological fields. Here precipitation assimilation through ...

Ana M. B. Nunes; John O. Roads

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

Reduced Form of Detailed Modeling of Wind Transmission and Intermittency for Use in Other ModelsReduced Form of Detailed Modeling of Wind Transmission and Intermittency for Use in Other Models  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

SUPPLY CURVE FOR ONE-REGION MODEL SUPPLY CURVE FOR ONE-REGION MODEL Figure 7 is the final supply curve to be used in a one-region model, plotted as the sum of the major drivers (described below). * Wind Capital represents the difference in cost of the wind capacity installed in the one-region model and the WinDS model. The level increases because WinDS requires a greater wind capacity for the same wind generation than the one-region model. This is because:

304

Improving the Noah Land Surface Model in Arid Regions with an Appropriate Parameterization of the Thermal Roughness Length  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Daytime land surface temperatures in arid and semiarid regions are typically not well simulated in current land surface models (LSMs). This study first evaluates the importance of parameterizing the thermal roughness length (z0h) to model the ...

Yingying Chen; Kun Yang; Degang Zhou; Jun Qin; Xiaofeng Guo

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Simulations of Present and Future Climates in the Western United States with Four Nested Regional Climate Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, the authors analyze simulations of present and future climates in the western United States performed with four regional climate models (RCMs) nested within two global ocean–atmosphere climate models. The primary goal here is to ...

P. B. Duffy; R. W. Arritt; J. Coquard; W. Gutowski; J. Han; J. Iorio; J. Kim; L.-R. Leung; J. Roads; E. Zeledon

2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Regional Climate Model Simulations of U.S. Precipitation and Surface Air Temperature during 1982–2002: Interannual Variation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The fifth-generation Pennsylvania State University–NCAR Mesoscale Model (MM5)-based regional climate model (CMM5) capability in simulating the interannual variations of U.S. precipitation and surface air temperature during 1982–2002 is evaluated ...

Jinhong Zhu; Xin-Zhong Liang

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Assessing the Capability of a Regional-Scale Weather Model to Simulate Extreme Precipitation Patterns and Flooding in Central Texas  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A regional-scale weather model is used to determine the potential for flood forecasting based on model-predicted rainfall. Extreme precipitation and flooding events are a significant concern in central Texas, due to both the high occurrence and ...

Marla R. Knebl Lowrey; Zong-Liang Yang

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Pacific Northwest Climate Sensitivity Simulated by a Regional Climate Model Driven by a GCM. Part I: Control Simulations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A model nesting approach has been used to simulate the regional climate over the Pacific Northwest. The present-day global climatology is first simulated using the NCAR Community Climate Model (CCM3) driven by observed sea surface temperature and ...

L. R. Leung; S. J. Ghan

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

A Numerical Modeling System of the Hydrological Cycle for Estimation of Water Fluxes in the Huaihe River Plain Region, China  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To analyze the water budget under human influences in the Huaihe River plain region in China, the authors have developed a numerical modeling system that integrates water flux algorithms into a platform created by coupling a soil moisture model ...

Xi Chen; Yongqin David Chen; Zhicai Zhang

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

A Comparison of Regional Isentropic-Sigma and Sigma Model Simulations of the January 1979 Chicago Blizzard  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In an initial effort in regional numerical weather prediction, results from the University of Wisconsin isentropic-sigma (UW ???) hybrid model and an “identical” sigma model are compared. The two main objectives are to demonstrate the capability ...

Tom H. Zapotocny; Donald R. Johnson; Fred M. Reames

1993-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Short-Term Energy Outlook Model Documentation: Macro Bridge Procedure to Update Regional Macroeconomic Forecasts with National Macroeconomic Forecasts  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

The Regional Short-Term Energy Model (RSTEM) uses macroeconomic variables such as income, employment, industrial production and consumer prices at both the national and regional1 levels as explanatory variables in the generation of the Short-Term Energy Outlook (STEO). This documentation explains how national macroeconomic forecasts are used to update regional macroeconomic forecasts through the RSTEM Macro Bridge procedure.

Information Center

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

HIGH-RESOLUTION SEISMIC VELOCITY AND ATTENUATION MODELS OF THE CAUCASUS-CASPIAN REGION  

SciTech Connect

The southwest edge of Eurasia is a tectonically and structurally complex region that includes the Caspian and Black Sea basins, the Caucasus Mountains, and the high plateaus south of the Caucasus. Using data from 25 broadband stations located in the region, new estimates of crustal and upper mantle thickness, velocity structure, and attenuation are being developed. Receiver functions have been determined for all stations. Depth to Moho is estimated using slant stacking of the receiver functions, forward modeling, and inversion. Moho depths along the Caspian and in the Kura Depression are in general poorly constrained using only receiver functions due to thick sedimentary basin sediments. The best fitting models suggest a low velocity upper crust with Moho depths ranging from 30 to 40 km. Crustal thicknesses increase in the Greater Caucasus with Moho depths of 40 to 50 km. Pronounced variations with azimuth of source are observed indicating 3D structural complexity and upper crustal velocities are higher than in the Kura Depression to the south. In the Lesser Caucasus, south and west of the Kura Depression, the crust is thicker (40 to 50 km) and upper crustal velocities are higher. Work is underway to refine these models with the event based surface wave dispersion and ambient noise correlation measurements from continuous data. Regional phase (Lg and Pg) attenuation models as well as blockage maps for Pn and Sn are being developed. Two methods are used to estimate Q: the two-station method to estimate inter-station Q and the reversed, two-station, two event method. The results are then inverted to create Lg and Pg Q maps. Initial results suggest substantial variations in both Pg and Lg Q in the region. A zone of higher Pg Q extends west from the Caspian between the Lesser and Greater Caucasus and a narrow area of higher Lg Q is observed.

Mellors, R; Gok, R; Pasyanos, M; Skobeltsyn, G; Teoman, U; Godoladze, T; Sandvol, E

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

New models for region of interest reader classification analysis in chest radiographs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In several computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) applications of image processing, there is no sufficiently sensitive and specific method for determining what constitutes a normal versus an abnormal classification of a chest radiograph. In the case of lung ... Keywords: 10.-v, 75.Pq, 87.85.Tu, Binary classification, Chest radiographs, Logic, set theory, and algebra, Mathematical procedures and computer techniques, Modeling biomedical systems, Pneumoconiosis, ROC analysis, Region of interest classification

M. S. Pattichis; T. Cacoullos; Peter Soliz

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Overview of Avista GHG Modeling NPCC Greenhouse Gas and the Regional Power System Conference  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

6/5/2013 1 Overview of Avista GHG Modeling NPCC Greenhouse Gas and the Regional Power System Natural Gas CO2 Emissions A Bridge to a Low Carbon Future, or the Future? 815 1,190 lbs/MWh Gas CCCT has ~35% of coal emissions on a per-MWh basis Gas CT has ~50% of coal emissions on a per-MWh basis 119 119

315

Final Report on Hierarchical Coupled Modeling and Prediction of Regional Climate Change in the Atlantic Sector  

SciTech Connect

During the course of this project, we have accomplished the following: a) Carried out studies of climate changes in the past using a hierarchy of intermediate coupled models (Chang et al., 2008; Wan et al 2009; Wen et al., 2010a,b) b) Completed the development of a Coupled Regional Climate Model (CRCM; Patricola et al., 2011a,b) c) Carried out studies testing hypotheses testing the origin of systematic errors in the CRCM (Patricola et al., 2011a,b) d) Carried out studies of the impact of air-sea interaction on hurricanes, in the context of barrier layer interactions (Balaguru et al)

Saravanan, Ramalingam [Texas A& M University

2011-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

316

An Integrated Computer Modeling Environment For Regional Land Use, Air Quality, And Transportation Planning  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Land Use, Air Quality, and Transportation Integrated Modeling Environment (LATIME) represents an integrated approach to computer modeling and simulation of land use allocation, travel demand, and mobile source emissions for the Albuquerque, New Mexico, area. This environment provides predictive capability combined with a graphical and geographical interface. The graphical interface shows the causal relationships between data and policy scenarios and supports alternative model formulations. Scenarios are launched from within a Geographic Information System (GIS), and data produced by each model component at each time step within a simulation is stored in the GIS. A menudriven query system is utilized to review link-based results and regional and areawide results. These results can also be compared across time or between alternative land use scenarios. Using this environment, policies can be developed and implemented based on comparative analysis, rather than on single-step future pr...

Charles Hanley Renewable; Norman L. Marshall; Charles J. Hanley; Charles J. Hanley

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Water vapor transmittance models for narrow bands in the 13 to 19. mu. m spectral region  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The purpose of this report is to document the development of water vapor transmittance models for narrow bands (satellite sensor channels) in the 13 to 19 ..mu..m spectral region. The models are the result of research efforts of the author in 1971-1972 while on active duty with the US Air Force at the Air Force Global Weather Central (AFGWC). The models were developed for application in studies involving a temperature profiling sensor system carried aboard the satellites of the Defense Meteorological Satellite Program (DMSP), formerly DAPP. Recently, (Lovill et al., 1978; Luther et al., 1981) the models were implemented for studies concerned with methodologies to retrieve total atmospheric column ozone from measurements of newer DMSP Block 5D series satellite sensors with similar channels (see Nichols, 1975).

Weichel, R.L.

1983-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Tritium transport in the NuMI decay pipe region - modeling and comparison with experimental data  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The NuMI (Neutrinos at Main Injector) beam facility at Fermilab is designed to produce an intense beam of muon neutrinos to be sent to the MINOS underground experiment in Soudan, Minnesota. Neutrinos are created by the decay of heavier particles. In the case of NuMI, the decaying particles are created by interaction of high-energy protons in a target, creating mostly positive pions. These particles can also interact with their environment, resulting in production of a variety of short-lived radionuclides and tritium. In the NuMI beam, neutrinos are produced by 120 GeV protons from the Fermilab Main Injector accelerator which are injected into the NuMI beam line using single turn extraction. The beam line has been designed for 400 kW beam power, roughly a factor of 2 above the initial (2005-06) running conditions. Extracted protons are bent downwards at a 57mr angle towards the Soudan Laboratory. The meson production target is a 94 cm segmented graphite rod, cooled by water in stainless tubes on the top and bottom of the target. The target is followed by two magnetic horns which are pulsed to 200 kA in synchronization with the passage of the beam, producing focusing of the secondary hadron beam and its daughter neutrinos. Downstream of the second horn the meson beam is transported for 675 m in an evacuated 2 m diameter beam (''decay'') pipe. Subsequently, the residual mesons and protons are absorbed in a water cooled aluminum/steel absorber immediately downstream of the decay pipe. Some 200 m of rock further downstream ranges out all of the residual muons. During beam operations, after installation of the chiller condensate system in December 2005, the concentration of tritiated water in the MINOS sump flow of 177 gpm was around 12 pCi/ml, for a total of 0.010 pCi/day. A simple model of tritium transport and deposition via humidity has been constructed to aid in understanding how tritium reaches the sump water. The model deals with tritium transported as HTO, water in which one hydrogen atom has been replaced with tritium. Based on concepts supported by the modeling, a dehumidification system was installed during May 2006 that reduced the tritium level in the sump by a factor of two. This note is primarily concerned with tritium that was produced in the NuMI target pile, carried by air flow into the target hall and down the decay pipe passageway (where most of it was deposited). The air is exhausted through the existing air vent shaft EAV2 (Figure 1).

Hylen, J.; Plunkett, R.; /Fermilab

2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

Modeling the Dynamics of Desakota Regions: Global - Local Nexus in the Taipei Metropolitan Area  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Since the 1970s, Asia has experienced rapid urbanization processes, which are distinct from U.S. society, and the direction of Asian urbanization is more strongly affected by economic globalization. The desakota model, proposed by McGee and Ginsburg in 1991, focuses on how internal domestic and local forces drive the specific rural-urban transformation in Asia. However, the McGee-Ginsburg model does not emphasize the importance of globalization on Asian urbanization. To fill the gap, this study develops a GIS-based CA framework based on the desakota model to not only simulate the unique urbanization processes in Asia but also integrate the influence of globalization into Asian urban dynamics. Three approaches are developed in the CA simulation: 1) physical constraints and land-use classification from remotely sensed images in 1993, 2000, and 2008, are incorporated into micro-scale transformation; 2) population dynamics, shifts of economic activities, and foreign direct investment (FDIs), a representative of the impact of globalization, are applied for multi-scale interconnection; 3) the Monte Carlo mechanism is finally introduced to combine the above two approaches and implement the simulation process. The Taipei metropolitan area, a rapid urbanizing region that highly interacts with the global economy in Asia, is chosen to examine this model. The CA simulation model establishes a strong interaction between FDIs, an indicator representing impacts of globalization, and the dazzling Asian urban model. The combination of multi-scale economic factors and micro-scale land-use transformation also reveals how urban growth of the Taipei metropolis in recent years fits the characterization of the desakota model, and how desakota regions, the growth generators, interact with city cores. As a result, the research not only successfully links the influence of globalization with the desakota model and simulates urban dynamics of Asian cities but also provides scenarios of different FDI inputs for governments to better handle urban growth with global impacts under the deep economic recession since 2007.

Wu, Bing-Sheng

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

NOvA (Fermilab E929) Official Plots and Figures  

DOE Data Explorer (OSTI)

The NOvA collaboration, consisting of 180 researchers across 28 institutions and managed by the Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (FNAL), is developing instruments for a neutrino-focused experiment that will attempt to answer three fundamental questions in neutrino physics: 1) Can we observe the oscillation of muon neutrinos to electron neutrinos; 2) What is the ordering of the neutrino masses; and 3) What is the symmetry between matter and antimatter? The collaboration makes various data plots and figures available. These are grouped under five headings, with brief descriptions included for each individual figure: Neutrino Spectra, Detector Overview, Theta12 Mass Hierarchy CP phase, Theta 23 Delta Msqr23, and NuSterile.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "model regions figure" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Simulation of the Stable Water Isotopes in Precipitation over South America: Comparing Regional to Global Circulation Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A simulation of the stable water isotope cycle over South America by the regional circulation model REMOiso is discussed. The performance of the regional model, with a resolution of 0.5° (55 km), is compared to simulations by the global ...

Christophe Sturm; Georg Hoffmann; Bärbel Langmann

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

Anatomy-based modeling of the human musculature  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Keywords: articulated models, bones, deformations, human figure animation, muscles, procedural modeling, tendons

Ferdi Scheepers; Richard E. Parent; Wayne E. Carlson; Stephen F. May

1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Figure 30. Decomposition 4941 of Energy Use by Effect, 1988-1994 ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Home > Households, Buildings & Industry >Transportation Surveys > Household Vehicles Energy Use > Figure 30

324

Figure ES4. Sales-Weighted Inertia Weight and On-Road Fuel Mileage ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Home > Households, Buildings & Industry >Transportation Surveys > Household Vehicles Energy Use > Figure ES4

325

Figure ES3. Sales-Weighted Horsepower and On-Road Fuel Mileage for ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Home > Households, Buildings & Industry >Transportation Surveys > Household Vehicles Energy Use > Figure ES3

326

Figure ES1. Schema for Estimating Energy and Energy-Related ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Home > Households, Buildings & Industry >Transportation Surveys > Household Vehicles Energy Use > Figure ES1

327

Nanoflare statistics in an active region 3D MHD coronal model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Context. We investigate the statistics of the spatial and temporal distribution of the coronal heating in a three-dimensional magneto- hydrodynamical (3D MHD) model. The model describes the temporal evolution of the corona above an observed active region. The model is driven by photospheric granular motions which braid the magnetic field lines. This induces currents and their dissipation heats the plasma. We evaluate the transient heating as subsequent heating events and analyze their statistics. The results are then interpreted in the context of observed flare statistics and coronal heating mechanisms. Methods. To conduct the numerical experiment we use a high order finite difference code which solves the partial differential equations for the conservation of mass, the momentum and energy balance, and the induction equation. The energy balance includes the Spitzer heat conduction and the optical thin radiative loss in the corona. Results. The temporal and spatial distribution of the Ohmic heating in the 3D M...

Bingert, Sven

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

Improvements to Regional Explosion Identification using Attenuation Models of the Lithosphere  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Regional P/S amplitudes have been recognized as an effective discriminant between earthquakes and explosions. While closely spaced earthquake and explosions generally discriminate easily, the application of this technique to broad regions has been hampered by large variations in the amplitude of regional phases due to the attenuation structure of the crust and upper mantle. Making use of a recent P-wave and S-wave attenuation model of the lithosphere, we have found that correcting the events using our amplitude methodology significantly reduces the scattering in the earthquake population. We demonstrate an application of this technique to station NIL (Nilore, Pakistan) using broad area earthquakes and the 1998 Indian nuclear explosion recorded at the station using the Pn/Lg discriminant in the 1-2 Hz passband. We find that the explosion, which is lost in the scatter of the earthquakes in the uncorrected discriminant, clearly separates by correcting for the attenuation structure. We see a similar reduction in scatter and separation for the Pn/Sn and Pg/Lg discriminants in the same passband.

Pasyanos, M E; Walter, W R

2009-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

329

Assessment of the Regional Climate Model Version 3 over the Maritime Continent Using Different Cumulus Parameterization and Land Surface Schemes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes an assessment of the Regional Climate Model, version 3 (RegCM3), coupled to two land surface schemes: the Biosphere–Atmosphere Transfer System, version 1e (BATS1e), and the Integrated Biosphere Simulator (IBIS). The model’s ...

Rebecca L. Gianotti; Dongfeng Zhang; Elfatih A. B. Eltahir

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

A One-Dimensional (1-D) Three-Region Model for a Bubbling Fluidized-Bed Adsorber  

SciTech Connect

A general one-dimensional (1-D), three-region model for a bubbling fluidized-bed adsorber with internal heat exchangers has been developed. The model can predict the hydrodynamics of the bed and provides axial profiles for all temperatures, concentrations, and velocities. The model is computationally fast and flexible and allows for any system of adsorption and desorption reactions to be modeled, making the model applicable to any adsorption process. The model has been implemented in both gPROMS and Aspen Custom Modeler, and the behavior of the model has been verified.

Lee, Andrew; Miller, David C.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Reverberation mapping and the disk wind model of the broad line region  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using the disk wind model of Murray et al. (1995), we calculate line profiles and frequency-resolved response functions for broad line emission from the surface of an accretion disk in an AGN in the presence of a radiatively driven wind. We find that the combined effects of the shears in the wind and in the disk itself produce anisotropic line emission which solves several well-known problems connected with disk models of the broad line region. In particular, the broadening of resonance lines such as \\Civ, \\Lya, and \\Nv\\/ can be attributed to orbital motion of the disk gas at radii as close as \\sim 10^{16}~cm in Seyferts without requiring unrealistically large emission regions in order to produce single-peaked profiles. Furthermore, the anisotropy of the line emission results in frequency-dependent response functions which are no longer red-blue symmetric so that the time delays inferred for the various red and blue components of the line agree qualitatively with recent reverberation mapping observations of N...

Chiang, J

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Conceptual model for regional radionuclide transport from a basalt repository site. Final draft, technical memorandum  

SciTech Connect

This technical memorandum was prepared to: (1) describe a typical basalt radionuclide repository site, (2) describe geologic and hydrologic processes associated with regional radionuclide transport in basalts, (3) define the parameters required to model regional radionuclide transport from a basalt repository site, and (4) develop a ''conceptual model'' of radionuclide transport from a basalt repository site. In a general hydrological sense, basalts may be described as layered sequences of aquifers and aquitards. The Columbia River Basalt, centered near the semi-arid Pasco Basin, is considered by many to be typical basalt repository host rock. Detailed description of the flow system including flow velocities with high-low hydraulic conductivity sequences are not possible with existing data. However, according to theory, waste-transport routes are ultimately towards the Columbia River and the lengths of flow paths from the repository to the biosphere may be relatively short. There are many physical, chemical, thermal, and nuclear processes with associated parameters that together determine the possible pattern of radionuclide migration in basalts and surrounding formations. Brief process descriptions and associated parameter lists are provided. Emphasis has been placed on the use of the distribution coefficient in simulating ion exchange. The use of the distribution coefficient approach is limited because it takes into account only relatively fast mass transfer processes. In general, knowledge of hydrogeochemical processes is primitive.

Walton, W.C.; Voorhees, M.L.; Prickett, T.A.

1980-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

333

MODELING SUPER-FAST MAGNETOSONIC WAVES OBSERVED BY SDO IN ACTIVE REGION FUNNELS  

SciTech Connect

Recently, quasi-periodic, rapidly propagating waves have been observed in extreme ultraviolet by the Solar Dynamics Observatory/Atmospheric Imaging Assembly (AIA) instrument in about 10 flare/coronal mass ejection (CME) events thus far. A typical example is the 2010 August 1 C3.2 flare/CME event that exhibited arc-shaped wave trains propagating in an active region (AR) magnetic funnel with {approx}5% intensity variations at speeds in the range of 1000-2000 km s{sup -1}. The fast temporal cadence and high sensitivity of AIA enabled the detection of these waves. We identify them as fast magnetosonic waves driven quasi-periodically at the base of the flaring region and develop a three-dimensional MHD model of the event. For the initial state we utilize the dipole magnetic field to model the AR and include gravitationally stratified density at coronal temperature. At the coronal base of the AR, we excite the fast magnetosonic wave by periodic velocity pulsations in the photospheric plane confined to a funnel of magnetic field lines. The excited fast magnetosonic waves have similar amplitude, wavelength, and propagation speeds as the observed wave trains. Based on the simulation results, we discuss the possible excitation mechanism of the waves, their dynamical properties, and the use of the observations for coronal MHD seismology.

Ofman, L. [Department of Physics, Catholic University of America, Washington, DC 20064 (United States); Liu, W.; Title, A.; Aschwanden, M. [Lockheed Martin Solar and Astrophysics Laboratory, Palo Alto, CA 94304 (United States)

2011-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

334

Fermilab E866 (NuSea) Figures and Data Plots  

DOE Data Explorer (OSTI)

The NuSea Experiment at Fermilab studied the internal structure of protons, in particular the difference between up quarks and down quarks. This experiment also addressed at least two other physics questions: nuclear effects on the production of charmonia states (bound states of charm and anti-charm quarks) and energy loss of quarks in nuclei from Drell-Yan measurements on nuclei. While much of the NuSea data are available only to the collaboration, figures, data plots, and tables are presented as stand-alone items for viewing or download. They are listed in conjunction with the published papers, theses, or presentations in which they first appeared. The date range is 1998 to 2008. To see these figures and plots, click on E866 publications or go directly to http://p25ext.lanl.gov/e866/papers/papers.html. Theses are at http://p25ext.lanl.gov/e866/papers/e866theses/e866theses.html and the presentations are found at http://p25ext.lanl.gov/e866/papers/e866talks/e866talks.html. Many of the items are postscript files.

E866 NuSea Collaboration

335

Evaluation of solar mirror figure by moire contouring  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Moire topography is applied to the figure assessment of solar mirrors. The technique is demonstrated on component facets of a six-meter diameter, four-meter focal length, parabolic dish collector. The relative ease of experimental implementation and subsequent data analysis suggests distinct advantages over the more established laser ray trace or BCS/ICS technique for many applications. The theoretical and experimental considerations necessary to fully implement moire topography on mirror surfaces are detailed. A procedure to de-specularize the mirror is demonstrated which conserves the surface morphology without damaging the reflective surface. The moire fringe patterns observed for the actual mirror facets are compared with theoretical contours generated for representative dish facets using a computer simulation algorithm. A method for evaluating the figure error of the real facet is presented in which the error parameter takes the form of an average absolute deviation of the surface slope from theoretical. The experimental measurement system used for this study employs a 200 line/inch Ronchi transmission grating. The mirror surface is illuminated by a collimated beam at 60/sup 0/. The fringe observation is performed normal to the grating. These parameters yield contour intervals for the fringe patterns of 0.073 mm. The practical considerations for extending the techniques to higher resolution are discussed.

Griffin, J.W.; Lind, M.A.

1980-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Effects of Emissions Reductions on Ozone Predictions by the Regional Oxidant Model during the July 1988 Episode  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Regional Oxidant Model, ROM2.2, was applied to a 2?10 July 1988 episode to test the regional episodic ozone response to different combinations of the across-the-board nitrogen oxides (NOx) and volatile ...

Shao-Hang Chu; William M. Cox

1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

A Simplified Diagnostic Model of Orographic Rainfall for Enhancing Satellite-Based Rainfall Estimates in Data-Poor Regions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An extension of Sinclair's diagnostic model of orographic precipitation (“VDEL”) is developed for use in data-poor regions to enhance rainfall estimates. This extension (VDELB) combines a 2D linearized internal gravity wave calculation with the ...

Chris Funk; Joel Michaelsen

2004-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

Regional Climate Modeling for the Developing World: The ICTP RegCM3 and RegCNET  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Regional climate models are important research tools available to scientists around the world, including in economically developing nations (EDNs). The Earth Systems Physics (ESP) group of the Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical ...

Jeremy S. Pal; Filippo Giorgi; Xunqiang Bi; Nellie Elguindi; Fabien Solmon; Sara A. Rauscher; Xuejie Gao; Raquel Francisco; Ashraf Zakey; Jonathan Winter; Moetasim Ashfaq; Faisal S. Syed; Lisa C. Sloan; Jason L. Bell; Noah S. Diffenbaugh; Jagadish Karmacharya; Abourahamane Konaré; Daniel Martinez; Rosmeri P. da Rocha; Allison L. Steiner

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Considerations in the Selection of Global Climate Models for Regional Climate Projections: The Arctic as a Case Study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Climate projections at regional scales are in increased demand from management agencies and other stakeholders. While global atmosphere–ocean climate models provide credible quantitative estimates of future climate at continental scales and above,...

James E. Overland; Muyin Wang; Nicholas A. Bond; John E. Walsh; Vladimir M. Kattsov; William L. Chapman

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

Customization of RegCM3 Regional Climate Model for Eastern Africa and a Tropical Indian Ocean Domain  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Rainfall is a driving factor of climate in the tropics and needs to be properly represented within a climate model. This study customizes the precipitation processes over the tropical regions of eastern Africa and the Indian Ocean using the ...

Neil Davis; Jared Bowden; Fredrick Semazzi; Lian Xie; Bari? Önol

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "model regions figure" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

A Joint Estimate of the Precipitation Climate Signal in Europe Using Eight Regional Models and Five Observational Datasets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents an analysis of the precipitation climate signal in Europe emerging from a simulation of heterogeneous regional climate models (RCMs) using five observational datasets as the reference for present day climate conditions. ...

Francisco J. Tapiador

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Data Assimilation in a Quasi-geostrophic Open-Ocean Model of the Gulf Stream Region Using the Adjoint Method  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The method of adjoint data assimilation is applied in a quasi-geostrophic (QG) open-ocean model of the Gulf Stream region. The results of data assimilation experiments are presented in which simulated AXBT and satellite altimeter observations are ...

Andrew M. Moore

1991-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Possibility of Skill Forecast Based on the Finite-Time Dominant Linear Solutions for a Primitive Equation Regional Forecast Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The possibility of using forecast errors originating from the finite-time dominant linear modes for the prediction of forecast skill for a primitive equation regional forecast model is studied. This is similar to the method for skill prediction ...

Tomislava Vuki?evi?

1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

Hydrological Processes in Regional Climate Model Simulations of the Central United States Flood of June–July 1993  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Thirteen regional climate model (RCM) simulations of June–July 1993 were compared with each other and observations. Water vapor conservation and precipitation characteristics in each RCM were examined for a 10° × 10° subregion of the upper ...

Christopher J. Anderson; Raymond W. Arritt; Zaitao Pan; Eugene S. Takle; William J. Gutowski Jr.; Francis O. Otieno; Renato da Silva; Daniel Caya; Jens H. Christensen; Daniel Lüthi; Miguel A. Gaertner; Clemente Gallardo; Filippo Giorgi; René Laprise; Song-You Hong; Colin Jones; H-M. H. Juang; J. J. Katzfey; John L. McGregor; William M. Lapenta; Jay W. Larson; John A. Taylor; Glen E. Liston; Roger A. Pielke Sr.; John O. Roads

2003-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

An Assessment of Possible Climate Change in the Australian Region Based on an Intercomparison of General Circulation Modeling Results  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To assist in estimating likely future climate change in the Australian region, the authors examine the results of four different general circulation modeling experiments run to assess the equilibrium impact of doubling greenhouse gases. The ...

P. H. Whetton; A. B. Pittock; M. R. Haylock; P. J. Rayner

1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Performance of NCEP Regional Wave Models in Predicting Peak Sea States during the 2005 North Atlantic Hurricane Season  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Unprecedented numbers of tropical cyclones occurred in the North Atlantic Ocean and the Gulf of Mexico in 2005. This provides a unique opportunity to evaluate the performance of two operational regional wave forecasting models at the National ...

Yung Y. Chao; Hendrik L. Tolman

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Evaluation of a Regional Atmospheric Model Using Measurements of Surface Heat Exchange Processes from a Site in Antarctica  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A regional atmospheric climate model with a horizontal grid spacing of 55 km has been used to simulate the Antarctic atmosphere during an austral summer period. ECMWF reanalyses were used to force the atmospheric prognostic variables from the ...

Nicole P. M. van Lipzig; Erik van Meijgaard; Johannes Oerlemans

1999-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

Development of an Antarctic Regional Climate System Model. Part I: Sea Ice and Large-Scale Circulation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A coupled atmosphere–ice regional model previously used for simulations in the Arctic has been implemented in the Antarctic. Three 14-month simulations were performed for 1988–89, with different oceanic specifications. The year 1988 was ...

David A. Bailey; Amanda H. Lynch

2000-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

Regional Model Simulations of Marine Boundary Layer Clouds over the Southeast Pacific off South America. Part I: Control Experiment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A regional climate model is used to simulate boundary layer stratocumulus (Sc) clouds over the southeast Pacific off South America during August–October 1999 and to study their dynamical, radiative, and microphysical properties and their ...

Yuqing Wang; Shang-Ping Xie; Haiming Xu; Bin Wang

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Operational Implementation of the ISBA Land Surface Scheme in the Canadian Regional Weather Forecast Model. Part I: Warm Season Results  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The summertime improvement resulting from the operational implementation of a new surface modeling and assimilation strategy into the Canadian regional weather forecasting system is described in this study. The surface processes over land are ...

Stéphane Bélair; Louis-Philippe Crevier; Jocelyn Mailhot; Bernard Bilodeau; Yves Delage

2003-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

Development of New Ensemble Methods Based on the Performance Skills of Regional Climate Models over South Korea  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, the prediction skills of five ensemble methods for temperature and precipitation are discussed by considering 20 yr of simulation results (from 1989 to 2008) for four regional climate models (RCMs) driven by NCEP–Department of ...

M.-S. Suh; S.-G. Oh; D.-K. Lee; D.-H. Cha; S.-J. Choi; C.-S. Jin; S.-Y. Hong

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

Regional Parameter Estimation of the VIC Land Surface Model: Methodology and Application to River Basins in China  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a methodology for regional parameter estimation of the three-layer Variable Infiltration Capacity (VIC-3L) land surface model with the goal of improving the streamflow simulation for river basins in China. This methodology is ...

Zhenghui Xie; Fei Yuan; Qingyun Duan; Jing Zheng; Miaoling Liang; Feng Chen

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

Incorporation of aqueous reaction kinetics and biodegradation into TOUGHREACT: Application of a multi-region model to hydrobiogeoChemical transport of denitrification and sulfate reduction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

interplay between Bio- and Chem- Regions will be illustratedThe same A was used for Bio- and Chem- Regions. In fact,1. Concept of a Hydro-Bio-Chem Region model for resolving

Xu, Tianfu

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

Figure 1. Nicaragua at night. The circled area is the Bluefields region.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

volt car battery, a radio, and the bulbs, switches and wiring needed to provide electric lighting of the world's population, live without access to electricity. Over 99% of these people live in developing countries and four out of five live in rural areas1 . As electricity is the most efficient fuel source

Kammen, Daniel M.

355

STAR (Solenoidal Tracker at RHIC) Figures and Data  

DOE Data Explorer (OSTI)

The primary physics task of STAR is to study the formation and characteristics of the quark-gluon plasma (QGP), a state of matter believed to exist at sufficiently high energy densities. STAR consists of several types of detectors, each specializing in detecting certain types of particles or characterizing their motion. These detectors work together in an advanced data acquisition and subsequent physics analysis that allows final statements to be made about the collision. The STAR Publications page provides access to all published papers by the STAR Collaboration, and many of them have separate links to the figures and data found in or supporting the paper. See also the data-rich summaries of the research at http://www.star.bnl.gov/central/physics/results/. [See also DDE00230

The STAR Collaboration

356

A1. Form EIA-176 Figure Energy Information Administration  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Form EIA-176 Form EIA-176 Figure Energy Information Administration / Natural Gas Annual 1996 214 EIA-176, ANNUAL REPORT OF NATURAL AND SUPPLEMENTAL GAS SUPPLY AND DISPOSITION, 19 PART IV: SUPPLY OF NATURAL AND SUPPLEMENTAL GAS RECEIVED WITHIN OR TRANSPORTED INTO REPORT STATE RESPONDENT COPY Page 2 PART III: TYPE OF COMPANY AND GAS ACTIVITIES OPERATED IN THE REPORT STATE 1.0 Type of Company (check one) 1.0 Control No. 2.0 Company Name 3.0 Report State 4.0 Resubmittal EIA Date: a b c d e Investor owned distributor Municipally owned distributor Interstate pipeline Intrastate pipeline Storage operator f g h i j SNG plant operator Integrated oil and gas Producer Gatherer Processor k Other (specify) 2.0 Gas Activities Operated On-system Within the Report State (check all that apply) a b c d e Produced Natural Gas

357

Noise figure and photon probability distribution in Coherent Anti-Stokes Raman Scattering (CARS)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The noise figure and photon probability distribution are calculated for coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering (CARS) where an anti-Stokes signal is converted to Stokes. We find that the minimum noise figure is ~ 3dB.

Dimitropoulos, D; Jalali, B; Solli, D R

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Regional load-curve models. Volume 5. Data base. Final report  

SciTech Connect

In preparing to build the models detailed in the first four volumes of the EA-1672 reports, a substantial data gathering, clean-up, and organizing effort was conducted. This volume describes that process and documents the data banks sent to EPRI. Three types of data concepts were needed to explore hourly load forecasting: hourly load, hourly weather and related socioeconomic data concepts. These materials were gathered for the project. EPRI has 32 data tapes that include hourly load and weather data for 32 regions for the period 1962 to 1977. Two other data banks, EPRIDATAA and EPRIDATAM, contain annual and monthly data respectively, gathered for use in this project. Hourly load forecasts out to the year 2000 have also been received by EPRI. DRI's forecasts are contained in the data bank FORECASTBANK. QUERI's forecasts are also available. These data series may prove useful to other researchers exploring related topics.

Platt, H.D.

1984-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

The San Diego Foundation Regional Focus 2050 Study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

33 Figure 17.  Peak electricity demand forecasts of peak electricity demand in the region, which peak  temperature data and electricity demand as well as a 

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Mechanistic Model Simulations of the East African Climate Using NCAR Regional Climate Model: Influence of Large-Scale Orography on the Turkana Low-Level Jet  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The National Center for Atmospheric Research regional climate model (RegCM) is employed to study the dynamics of the Turkana low-level jet that lies between the Ethiopian and the East African highlands, and also investigate the mechanisms ...

Matayo Indeje; Fredrick H. M. Semazzi; Lian Xie; Laban J. Ogallo

2001-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "model regions figure" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Figure 1.6 State-Level Energy Consumption Estimates and Estimated ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Figure 1.6 State-Level Energy Consumption Estimates and Estimated Consumption per Capita, 2010 Consumption Consumption per Capita

362

Regional Climate Model Simulation of U.S. Precipitation during 1982–2002. Part I: Annual Cycle  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The fifth-generation PSU–NCAR Mesoscale Model (MM5)-based regional climate model (CMM5) capability in simulating the U.S. precipitation annual cycle is evaluated with a 1982–2002 continuous baseline integration driven by the NCEP–DOE second ...

Xin-Zhong Liang; Li Li; Kenneth E. Kunkel; Mingfang Ting; Julian X. L. Wang

2004-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

Development of a Regional Climate Model for U.S. Midwest Applications. Part I: Sensitivity to Buffer Zone Treatment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A regional climate model (RCM) is being developed for U.S. Midwest applications on the basis of the newly released Pennsylvania State University–NCAR Fifth-Generation Mesoscale Model (MM5), version 3.3. This study determines the optimal RCM ...

Xin-Zhong Liang; Kenneth E. Kunkel; Arthur N. Samel

2001-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Evaluation of Greenland Ice Sheet Surface Climate in the HIRHAM Regional Climate Model Using Automatic Weather Station Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The 1998 annual cycle and 1991–98 summer simulations of Greenland ice sheet surface climate are made with the 0.5°-horizontal resolution HIRHAM regional climate model of the Arctic. The model output is compared with meteorological and energy ...

Jason E. Box; Annette Rinke

2003-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Improved interval estimation of long run response from a dynamic linear model: A highest density region approach  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper proposes a new method of interval estimation for the long run response (or elasticity) parameter from a general linear dynamic model. We employ the bias-corrected bootstrap, in which small sample biases associated with the parameter estimators ... Keywords: ARDL model, Bias-correction, Bootstrapping, Highest density region, Long run elasticity

Jae H. Kim; Iain Fraser; Rob J. Hyndman

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Grain Transportation Report Figure 7 | Data.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

international, export, shipment, carload, railcar auction, unit train, shuttle train, fuel surcharge, port region, grain inspections, ocean freight Dataset Ratings Overall 0 No...

367

Grain Transportation Report Figure 16 | Data.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

international, export, shipment, carload, railcar auction, unit train, shuttle train, fuel surcharge, port region, grain inspections, ocean freight Dataset Ratings Overall 0 No...

368

Grain Transportation Report Figure 4, 5, 6 | Data.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

international, export, shipment, carload, railcar auction, unit train, shuttle train, fuel surcharge, port region, grain inspections, ocean freight Dataset Ratings Overall 0 No...

369

Grain Transportation Report Figure 15 | Data.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

international, export, shipment, carload, railcar auction, unit train, shuttle train, fuel surcharge, port region, grain inspections, ocean freight Dataset Ratings Overall 0 No...

370

Grain Transportation Report Figure 8 | Data.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

international, export, shipment, carload, railcar auction, unit train, shuttle train, fuel surcharge, port region, grain inspections, ocean freight Dataset Ratings Overall 0 No...

371

Grain Transportation Report Figure 17 | Data.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

international, export, shipment, carload, railcar auction, unit train, shuttle train, fuel surcharge, port region, grain inspections, ocean freight Dataset Ratings Overall 0 No...

372

Anthropogenic Aerosol Radiative Forcing in Asia Derived From Regional Models With Atmospheric and Aerosol Data Assimilation  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A high-resolution estimate of monthly 3D aerosol solar heating rates and surface solar fluxes in Asia from 2001 to 2004 is described here. This product stems from an Asian aerosol assimilation project, in which a) the PNNL regional model bounded by the NCEP reanalyses was used to provide meteorology, b) MODIS and AERONET data were integrated for aerosol observations, c) the Iowa aerosol/chemistry model STEM-2K1 used the PNNL meteorology and assimilated aerosol observations, and d) 3D (X-Y-Z) aerosol simulations from the STEM-2K1 were used in the Scripps Monte-Carlo Aerosol Cloud Radiation (MACR) model to produce total and anthropogenic aerosol direct solar forcing for average cloudy skies. The MACR model and STEM both used the PNNL model resolution of 0.45º×0.4º in the horizontal and of 23 layers in the troposphere. The 2001–2004 averaged anthropogenic all-sky aerosol forcing is ?1.3 Wm-2 (TOA), +7.3 Wm-2 (atmosphere) and ?8.6 Wm-2 (surface) averaged in Asia (60?138°E & Eq. ?45°N). In the absence of AERONET SSA assimilation, absorbing aerosol concentration (especially BC aerosol) is much smaller, giving ?2.3 Wm-2 (TOA), +4.5 Wm-2 (atmosphere) and ?6.8 Wm-2 (surface), averaged in Asia. In the vertical, monthly forcing is mainly concentrated below 600hPa with maxima around 800hPa. Seasonally, low-level forcing is far larger in dry season than in wet season in South Asia, whereas the wet season forcing exceeds the dry season forcing in East Asia. The anthropogenic forcing in the present study is similar to that in Chung et al.’s [2005] in overall magnitude but the former offers fine-scale features and simulated vertical profiles. The interannual variability of the computed anthropogenic forcing is significant and extremely large over major emission outflow areas. In view of this, the present study’s estimate is within the implicated range of the 1999 INDOEX result. However, NCAR/CCSM3’s anthropogenic aerosol forcing is much smaller than the present study’s estimate at the surface, and is outside of what the INDOEX findings can support.

Chung, Chul Eddy; Ramanathan, V.; Carmichael, Gregory; Kulkarni, S.; Tang, Youhua; Adhikary, Bhupesh; Leung, Lai-Yung R.; Qian, Yun

2010-07-05T23:59:59.000Z

373

Scale-Selective Bias Correction in a Downscaling of Global Analysis Using a Regional Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Systematic large-scale errors are often found within the regional domain in the regional dynamical downscaling procedure. This paper proposes a method to suppress such errors using a combination of spectral tendency damping and area average ...

Hideki Kanamaru; Masao Kanamitsu

2007-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

NUMERICAL MODELING OF THE INITIATION OF CORONAL MASS EJECTIONS IN ACTIVE REGION NOAA 9415  

SciTech Connect

Coronal mass ejections (CMEs) and solar flares are the main drivers of weather in space. Understanding how these events occur and what conditions might lead to eruptive events is of crucial importance for up to date and reliable space weather forecasting. The aim of this paper is to present a numerical magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) data-inspired model suitable for the simulation of the CME initiation and their early evolution. Starting from a potential magnetic field extrapolation of the active region (AR) NOAA 9415, we solve the full set of ideal MHD equations in a non-zero plasma-{beta} environment. As a consequence of the applied twisting motions, a force-free-magnetic field configuration is obtained, which has the same chirality as the investigated AR. We investigate the response of the solar corona when photospheric motions resembling the ones observed for AR 9415 are applied at the inner boundary. As a response to the converging shearing motions, a flux rope is formed that quickly propagates outward, carrying away the plasma confined inside the flux rope against the gravitational attraction by the Sun. Moreover, a compressed leading edge propagating at a speed of about 550 km s{sup -1} and preceding the CME is formed. The presented simulation shows that both the initial magnetic field configuration and the plasma-magnetic-field interaction are relevant for a more comprehensive understanding of the CME initiation and early evolution phenomenon.

Zuccarello, F. P.; Poedts, S. [Centre for Mathematical Plasma-Astrophysics, KU Leuven, Celestijnenlaan 200B, B-3001 Leuven (Belgium); Meliani, Z., E-mail: Francesco.Zuccarello@wis.kuleuven.be, E-mail: Stefaan.Poedts@wis.kuleuven.be, E-mail: zakaria.meliani@obspm.fr [Observatoire de Paris, LUTh, F-92190 Meudon (France)

2012-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

375

The Impact of Land Surface Processes on Simulations of the U.S. Hydrological Cycle: A Case Study of the 1993 Flood Using the SSiB Land Surface Model in the NCEP Eta Regional Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes a methodology for coupling the Simplified Simple Biosphere Model (SSiB) to the regional Eta Model of the National Centers for Environmental Prediction (NCEP), and presents the application of the coupled system in regional ...

Y. Xue; F. J. Zeng; K. E. Mitchell; Z. Janjic; E. Rogers

2001-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

The Relative Importance of Oxidation Pathways and Clouds to Atmospheric Ambient Sulfate Production as Predicted by the Regional Acid Deposition Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The development and use of a version of the Regional Acid Deposition Model/Engineering Model (RADM/FM) called the Comprehensive Sulfate Tracking Model (COMSTM) is reported. The COMSTM is used to diagnose the relative contributions of each sulfate ...

John N. McHenry; Robin L. Dennis

1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

A CRITICAL ASSESSMENT OF NONLINEAR FORCE-FREE FIELD MODELING OF THE SOLAR CORONA FOR ACTIVE REGION 10953  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Nonlinear force-free field (NLFFF) models are thought to be viable tools for investigating the structure, dynamics, and evolution of the coronae of solar active regions. In a series of NLFFF modeling studies, we have found that NLFFF models are successful in application to analytic test cases, and relatively successful when applied to numerically constructed Sun-like test cases, but they are less successful in application to real solar data. Different NLFFF models have been found to have markedly different field line configurations and to provide widely varying estimates of the magnetic free energy in the coronal volume, when applied to solar data. NLFFF models require consistent, force-free vector magnetic boundary data. However, vector magnetogram observations sampling the photosphere, which is dynamic and contains significant Lorentz and buoyancy forces, do not satisfy this requirement, thus creating several major problems for force-free coronal modeling efforts. In this paper, we discuss NLFFF modeling of NOAA Active Region 10953 using Hinode/SOT-SP, Hinode/XRT, STEREO/SECCHI-EUVI, and SOHO/MDI observations, and in the process illustrate three such issues we judge to be critical to the success of NLFFF modeling: (1) vector magnetic field data covering larger areas are needed so that more electric currents associated with the full active regions of interest are measured, (2) the modeling algorithms need a way to accommodate the various uncertainties in the boundary data, and (3) a more realistic physical model is needed to approximate the photosphere-to-corona interface in order to better transform the forced photospheric magnetograms into adequate approximations of nearly force-free fields at the base of the corona. We make recommendations for future modeling efforts to overcome these as yet unsolved problems.

DeRosa, Marc L.; Schrijver, Carolus J.; Aschwanden, Markus J.; Cheung, Mark C. M. [Lockheed Martin Solar and Astrophysics Laboratory, 3251 Hanover St. B/252, Palo Alto, CA 94304 (United States); Barnes, Graham; Leka, K. D. [North West Research Associates, Colorado Research Associates Division, 3380 Mitchell Ln., Boulder, CO 80301 (United States); Lites, Bruce W. [High Altitude Observatory, National Center for Atmospheric Research , P.O. Box 3000, Boulder, CO 80307 (United States); Amari, Tahar; Canou, Aurelien [CNRS, Centre de Physique Theorique de l'Ecole Polytechnique, 91128 Palaiseau Cedex (France); McTiernan, James M. [Space Sciences Laboratory, University of California at Berkeley, 7 Gauss Way, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States); Regnier, Stephane [Mathematics Institute, University of St Andrews, St Andrews, Fife KY16 9SS (United Kingdom); Thalmann, Julia K.; Wiegelmann, Thomas; Inhester, Bernd; Tadesse, Tilaye [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Sonnensystemforschung, Max-Planck-Strasse 2, 37191 Katlenburg-Lindau (Germany); Valori, Gherardo [Astrophysikalisches Institut Potsdam, An der Sternwarte 16, 14482 Potsdam (Germany); Wheatland, Michael S. [School of Physics, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW 2006 (Australia); Conlon, Paul A. [Astrophysics Research Group, School of Physics, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin 2 (Ireland); Fuhrmann, Marcel [Institut fuer Physik, Universitaet Potsdam, Am Neuen Palais 10, 14469 Potsdam (Germany)

2009-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

378

OVERVIEW OF ASSESSMENT PROBLEM FORMULATION 199 Figure 4.44 Five-Mile Creek SSO discharge during Figure 4.45 Five-Mile Creek under normal flow  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for a significant portion of the dry-weather * Color figures follow page 370. #12;200 STORMWATER EFFECTS HANDBOOK-diameter plastic pipes (with coarse screening on the ends) for protection and anchored in the streams. Bags were

Pitt, Robert E.

379

ONE-DIMENSIONAL MODELING FOR TEMPERATURE-DEPENDENT UPFLOW IN THE DIMMING REGION OBSERVED BY HINODE/EUV IMAGING SPECTROMETER  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We previously found a temperature-dependent upflow in the dimming region following a coronal mass ejection observed by the Hinode EUV Imaging Spectrometer (EIS). In this paper, we reanalyzed the observations along with previous work on this event and provided boundary conditions for modeling. We found that the intensity in the dimming region dramatically drops within 30 minutes from the flare onset, and the dimming region reaches the equilibrium stage after {approx}1 hr. The temperature-dependent upflows were observed during the equilibrium stage by EIS. The cross-sectional area of the flux tube in the dimming region does not appear to expand significantly. From the observational constraints, we reconstructed the temperature-dependent upflow by using a new method that considers the mass and momentum conservation law and demonstrated the height variation of plasma conditions in the dimming region. We found that a super-radial expansion of the cross-sectional area is required to satisfy the mass conservation and momentum equations. There is a steep temperature and velocity gradient of around 7 Mm from the solar surface. This result may suggest that the strong heating occurred above 7 Mm from the solar surface in the dimming region. We also showed that the ionization equilibrium assumption in the dimming region is violated, especially in the higher temperature range.

Imada, S.; Shimizu, T. [Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, 3-1-1 Yoshinodai, Chuo-ku, Sagamihara-shi, Kanagawa 252-5210 (Japan); Hara, H.; Watanabe, T. [National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, 2-21-1 Osawa, Mitaka-shi, Tokyo 181-8588 (Japan); Murakami, I. [National Institute for Fusion Science, 322-6 Oroshi-cho, Toki, Gifu 509-5292 (Japan); Harra, L. K. [UCL-Mullard Space Science Laboratory, Holmbury St Mary, Dorking, Surrey, RH5 6NT (United Kingdom); Zweibel, E. G. [Department of Astronomy, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 475 N Charter Street, Madison, WI 53706 (United States)

2011-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

380

An integrated modelling framework for simulating regional-scale actor responses to global change in the water domain  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Within coupled hydrological simulation systems, taking socio-economic processes into account is still a challenging task. In particular, systems that aim at evaluating impacts of climatic change on large spatial and temporal scales cannot be based on ... Keywords: Actors, Climate change, Coupled simulation, Domestic water use, Framework technology, Integrated water resources management, Regional scale model, Social simulation, Water supply

R. Barthel; S. Janisch; N. Schwarz; A. Trifkovic; D. Nickel; C. Schulz; W. Mauser

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "model regions figure" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Sub-national TIMES model for analyzing regional future use of Biomass and Biofuels in France and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Sub-national TIMES model for analyzing regional future use of Biomass and Biofuels in France Introduction Renewable energy sources such as biomass and biofuels are increasingly being seen as important of biofuels on the final consumption of energy in transport should be 10%. The long-term target is to reduce

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

382

Numerical Prediction of the 10–11 June 1985 Squall Line with the Canadian Regional Finite-Element Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In an effort to improve operational forecasts of mesoscale convective systems (MCSs), a mesoscale version of the operational Canadian Regional Finite-Element (RFE) Model with a grid size of 25 km is used to predict an intense MCS that occurred ...

Stéphane Bélair; Da-Lin Zhang; Jocelyn Mailhot

1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

Downscaling and Bias Correcting a Cold Season Precipitation Climatology over Coastal Southern British Columbia Using the Regional Atmospheric Modeling System (RAMS)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Thirty years of the North American Regional Reanalysis (NARR) are dynamically downscaled to an 8-km grid spacing using the Regional Atmospheric Modeling System (RAMS) to generate a climatology of glacier winter accumulation over the southern ...

B. Ainslie; P. L. Jackson

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

Mesoscale Atmospheric Modeling Using a High Horizontal Grid Resolution over a Complex Coastal Terrain and a Wine Region of South Africa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Regional Atmospheric Modeling System (RAMS) was used to assess local air circulation patterns over the wine-producing Stellenbosch region of South Africa. Numerical simulations using four nested grids (25, 5, and 1 km, and 200 m of horizontal ...

V. Bonnardot; S. Cautenet

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

Climate Change Impacts on Jordan River Flow: Downscaling Application from a Regional Climate Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The integration of climate change projections into hydrological and other response models used for water resource planning and management is challenging given the varying spatial resolutions of the different models. In general, climate models are ...

Rana Samuels; Alon Rimmer; Andreas Hartmann; Simon Krichak; Pinhas Alpert

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

Structural Time Series Models and Trend Detection in Global and Regional Temperature Series  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A unified statistical approach to identify suitable structural time series models for annual mean temperature is proposed. This includes a generalized model that can represent all the commonly used structural time series models for trend ...

Xiaogu Zheng; Reid E. Basher

1999-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

National and Regional Water and Wastewater Rates For Use inCost-Benefit Models and Evaluations of Water Efficiency Programs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Calculating the benefits and costs of water conservation orefficiency programs requires knowing the marginal cost of the water andwastewater saved by those programs. Developing an accurate picture of thepotential cost savings from water conservation requires knowing the costof the last few units of water consumed or wastewater released, becausethose are the units that would be saved by increased water efficiency.This report describes the data we obtained on water and wastewater ratesand costs, data gaps we identified, and other issues related to using thedata to estimate the cost savings that might accrue from waterconservation programs. We identified three water and wastewater ratesources. Of these, we recommend using Raftelis Financial Corporation(RFC) because it: a) has the most comprehensive national coverage; and b)provides greatest detail on rates to calculate marginal rates. The figurebelow shows the regional variation in water rates for a range ofconsumption blocks. Figure 1A Marginal Rates of Water Blocks by Regionfrom RFC 2004Water and wastewater rates are rising faster than the rateof inflation. For example, from 1996 to 2004 the average water rateincreased 39.5 percent, average wastewater rate increased 37.8 percent,the CPI (All Urban) increased 20.1 percent, and the CPI (Water andSewerage Maintenance) increased 31.1 percent. On average, annualincreases were 4.3 percent for water and 4.1 percent for wastewater,compared to 2.3 percent for the All Urban CPI and 3.7 percent for the CPIfor water and sewerage maintenance. If trends in rates for water andwastewater rates continue, water-efficient products will become morevaluable and more cost-effective.

Fisher, Diane C.; Whitehead, Camilla Dunham; Melody, Moya

2006-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Figure 1.8 Motor Vehicle Fuel Economy, 1973-2011 (Miles per Gallon)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Figure 1.8 Motor Vehicle Fuel Economy, 1973-2011 (Miles per Gallon) U.S. Energy Information Administration / Monthly Energy Review August 2013 17

389

Figure 4.16 Offshore Wind Resources - U.S. Energy Information ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Figure 4.16 Offshore Wind Resources U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 123 Notes: • Data are annual average wind speed at 90 meters.

390

Figure SR4. U.S. Natural Gas Import & Export Prices, 2007-2008  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

A run-up on natural gas prices began in the spring before a weakened economy drove prices below 2007 levels during the fall and winter. Figure Data:

391

Figure SR1. Flow of Natural Gas Imports and Exports, 2009  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Figure SR1 of the U.S. Natural Gas Imports & Exports: 2009. This report provides an overview of U.S. international natural gas trade in 2009. ...

392

Figure 9.4 Natural Gas Prices (Dollarsa per Thousand Cubic Feet)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Figure 9.4 Natural Gas Prices (Dollarsa per Thousand Cubic Feet) Wellhead and Citygate, 1949–2012 Consuming Sectors, 1967–2012 Consuming Sectors, Monthly

393

Figure 52. Energy use per capita and per dollar of gross ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Title: Figure 52. Energy use per capita and per dollar of gross domestic product, 1980-2040 (index, 1980 = 1) Subject: Annual Energy Outlook 2013

394

Figure 9.1 Nuclear Generating Units - U.S. Energy Information ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Figure 9.1 Nuclear Generating Units Operable Units,1 1957-2011 Nuclear Net Summer Capacity Change, 1950-2011 Status of All Nuclear Generating Units, ...

395

Figure 2. Stratigraphic Summary of Ages, Names and Rock Types in ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Figure 2. Stratigraphic Summary of Ages, Names and Rock Types in the ANWR 1002 and Coastal Plain Area of the Alaska North Slope. Potentially Productive ...

396

Figure 102. U.S. motor gasoline and diesel fuel consumption ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Sheet3 Sheet2 Sheet1 Figure 102. U.S. motor gasoline and diesel fuel consumption, 2000-2040 (million barrels per day) Motor Gasoline Petroleum Portion ...

397

A Spatially Distributed Model to Simulate Water, Energy, and Vegetation Dynamics Using Information from Regional Climate Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Studies seeking to understand the impacts of climate variability and change on the hydrology of a region need to take into account the dynamics of vegetation and its interaction with the hydrologic and energy cycles. Yet, most of the hydrologic ...

M. P. Maneta; N. L. Silverman

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Preliminary evaluation of techniques for transforming regional climate model output to the potential repository site in support of Yucca Mountain future climate synthesis  

SciTech Connect

The report describes a preliminary evaluation of models for transforming regional climate model output from a regional to a local scale for the Yucca Mountain area. Evaluation and analysis of both empirical and numerical modeling are discussed which is aimed at providing site-specific, climate-based information for use by interfacing activities. Two semiempirical approaches are recommended for further analysis.

Church, H.W.; Zak, B.D.; Behl, Y.K.

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

Development of Regional Models that Use Meteorological Variables for Predicting Stripe Rust Disease on Winter Wheat  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Meteorological variables can be used to predict stripe rust, a disease of wheat caused by Puccinia striiformis West., at Lind, Pullman, and Walla Walla, Washington and Pendleton, Oregon in the Pacific Northwest of the United States. Regional ...

Stella Melugin Coakley; William S. Boyd; Roland F. Line

1984-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

New Theoretical Model of the Complex Edge Region of Fusion Plasmas...  

Office of Science (SC) Website

a high pedestal is required for copious fusion energy production in ITER or a fusion power plant, and (2) the large free energy in the pedestal region can drive instabilities...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "model regions figure" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Renewable Resources: a national catalog of model projects. Volume 3. Southern Solar Energy Center Region  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This compilation of diverse conservation and renewable energy projects across the United States was prepared through the enthusiastic participation of solar and alternate energy groups from every state and region. Compiled and edited by the Center for Renewable Resources, these projects reflect many levels of innovation and technical expertise. In many cases, a critique analysis is presented of how projects performed and of the institutional conditions associated with their success or failure. Some 2000 projects are included in this compilation; most have worked, some have not. Information about all is presented to aid learning from these experiences. The four volumes in this set are arranged in state sections by geographic region, coinciding with the four Regional Solar Energy Centers. The table of contents is organized by project category so that maximum cross-referencing may be obtained. This volume includes information on the Southern Solar Energy Center Region. (WHK)

None

1980-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

Renewable Resources: a national catalog of model projects. Volume 4. Western Solar Utilization Network Region  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This compilation of diverse conservation and renewable energy projects across the United States was prepared through the enthusiastic participation of solar and alternate energy groups from every state and region. Compiled and edited by the Center for Renewable Resources, these projects reflect many levels of innovation and technical expertise. In many cases, a critique analysis is presented of how projects performed and of the institutional conditions associated with their success or failure. Some 2000 projects are included in this compilation; most have worked, some have not. Information about all is presented to aid learning from these experiences. The four volumes in this set are arranged in state sections by geographic region, coinciding with the four Regional Solar Energy Centers. The table of contents is organized by project category so that maximum cross-referencing may be obtained. This volume includes information on the Western Solar Utilization Network Region. (WHK)

None

1980-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

Renewable Resources: a national catalog of model projects. Volume 1. Northeast Solar Energy Center Region  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This compilation of diverse conservation and renewable energy projects across the United States was prepared through the enthusiastic participation of solar and alternate energy groups from every state and region. Compiled and edited by the Center for Renewable Resources, these projects reflect many levels of innovation and technical expertise. In many cases, a critique analysis is presented of how projects performed and of the institutional conditions associated with their success or failure. Some 2000 projects are included in this compilation; most have worked, some have not. Information about all is presented to aid learning from these experiences. The four volumes in this set are arranged in state sections by geographic region, coinciding with the four Regional Solar Energy Centers. The table of contents is organized by project category so that maximum cross-referencing may be obtained. This volume includes information on the Northeast Solar Energy Center Region. (WHK).

None

1980-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Implementation of an E–? Parameterization of Vertical Subgrid-Scale Mixing in a Regional Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An E–? parameterization of subgrid-scale vertical turbulent mixing has been installed in NORAPS (Navy operational Regional Atmospheric Prediction System). The 1.5-order parameterization uses full prognostic equations for turbulence kinetic energy ...

Rolf H. Langland; Chi-Sann Liou

1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Modeling of Regional Hydroclimate Change over the Indian Subcontinent: Impact of the Expanding Thar Desert  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Thar Desert between northwestern India and Pakistan is the most densely populated desert region in the world, and the vast surrounding areas are affected by rapid soil degradation and vegetation loss. The impact of an expanded desert (...

Massimo Bollasina; Sumant Nigam

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Advances in Predicting Continental Low Stratus with a Regional NWP Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the eastern Alpine region, subinversion cloudiness associated with elevated temperature inversions is a frequent phenomenon in autumn and winter, which often persists for several days. Although the prediction of fog and low stratus by ...

Alexander Kann; Harald Seidl; Christoph Wittmann; Thomas Haiden

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

A Variable-Resolution Stretched-Grid General Circulation Model: Regional Climate Simulation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The development of and results obtained with a variable-resolution stretched-grid GCM for the regional climate simulation mode are presented. A global variable-resolution stretched grid used in the study has enhanced horizontal resolution over ...

Michael S. Fox-Rabinovitz; Lawrence L. Takacs; Ravi C. Govindaraju; Max J. Suarez

2001-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Towards Assessing NARCCAP Regional Climate Model Credibility for the North American Monsoon: Current Climate Simulations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We examine 17 dynamically downscaled simulations produced as part of the North American Regional Climate Change Assessment Program (NARCCAP) for their skill in reproducing the North American Monsoon system. We focus on precipitation and the ...

Melissa S. Bukovsky; David J. Gochis; Linda O. Mearns

409

Observations and Numerical Model Simulations of the Atmospheric Boundary Layer in the Santa Barbara Coastal Region  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Observations of boundary-layer flow within the Santa Barbara region taken on 20 September 1985 revel the presence of a wide variety of flow features, including mesoscale wind vortices sea/land breezes, and thermally driven upslope/downslope ...

J. M. Wilczak; W. F. Dabberdt; R. A. Kropfli

1991-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

Region-based model of tour planning applied to interactive tour generation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The paper addresses a tour planning problem, which encompasses weakly specified constraints such as different kinds of activities together with corresponding spatial assignments such as locations and regions. Alternative temporal orders of planed activities ...

Inessa Seifert

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

A Regional Model Simulation of the 1991 Severe Precipitation Event over the Yangtze–Huai River Valley. Part II: Model Bias  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This is the second part of a study investigating the 1991 severe precipitation event over the Yangtze–Huai River valley (YHRV) in China using both observations and regional model simulations. While Part I reported on the Mei-yu front and its ...

Wei Gong; Wei-Chyung Wang

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

Studies of regional-scale climate variability and change: Hidden Markov models and coupled ocean-atmosphere modes  

SciTech Connect

In this project we developed further a twin approach to the study of regional-scale climate variability and change. The two approaches involved probabilistic network (PN) models (sometimes called dynamic Bayesian networks) and intermediate-complexity coupled ocean-atmosphere models (ICMs). We thus made progress in identifying the predictable modes of climate variability and investigating their impacts on the regional scale. In previous work sponsored by DOE�s Climate Change Prediction Program (CCPP), we had developed a family of PNs (similar to Hidden Markov Models) to simulate historical records of daily rainfall, and used them to downscale seasonal predictions of general circulation models (GCMs). Using an idealized atmospheric model, we had established a novel mechanism through which ocean-induced sea-surface temperature (SST) anomalies might in�uence large-scale atmospheric circulation patterns on interannual and longer time scales; similar patterns were found in a hybrid coupled ocean�atmosphere�sea-ice model. In this continuation project, we built on these ICM results and PN model development to address prediction of rainfall and temperature statistics at the local scale, associated with global climate variability and change, and to investigate the impact of the latter on coupled ocean�atmosphere modes. Our main project results consist of extensive further development of the hidden Markov models for rainfall simulation and downscaling together with the development of associated software; new intermediate coupled models; a new methodology of inverse modeling for linking ICMs with observations and GCM simulations, called empirical mode reduction (EMR); and observational studies of decadal and multi-decadal natural climate variability, informed by ICM simulations. A particularly timely by-product of this work is an extensive study of clustering of cyclone tracks in the extratropical Atlantic and the western Tropical Pacific, with potential applications to predicting landfall.

M. Ghil (UCLA), PI; S. Kravtsov (UWM); A. W. Robertson (IRI); P. Smyth (UCI)

2008-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

413

Using a Soil Hydrology Model to Obtain Regionally Averaged Soil Moisture Values  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Soil Hydrology Model (SHM) was modified, and daily simulations of soil volumetric water content were made at 38 Oklahoma Mesonet sites for July 1997. These model results were compared with soil moisture observations made at the mesonet sites ...

Todd M. Crawford; David J. Stensrud; Toby N. Carlson; William J. Capehart

2000-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

Regional Climates in the GISS Global Circulation Model: Synoptic-Scale Circulation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Model simulations of global climate change are seen as an essential component of any program at understanding human impact on the global environment. A major weakness of current general circulation models (GCMs), however, is their perceived ...

B. Hewitson; R. G. Crane

1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

Elevated Mixed Layers in the Regional Severe Storm Environment: Conceptual Model and Case Studies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A conceptual model of the evolution of the severe local storm environment is discussed in conjunction with three case studies drawn from data obtained during the 1979 SESAME field program. The conceptual model describes how a particular ...

T. N. Carlson; S. G. Benjamin; G. S. Forbes; Y-F. Li

1983-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

Ability of a Regional-Scale Model to Predict the Genesis of Intense Mesoscale Convective Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents the mesoscale part of a two-part evaluation of thirty forecasts produced by a mesoscalenumerical weather prediction model (MASS 2.0). The general approach taken to evaluate the mesoscale predictivecapabilities of the model is ...

Steven E. Koch

1985-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

A Parameterization of Heterogeneous Land Surfaces for Atmospheric Numerical Models and Its Impact on Regional Meteorology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Natural land surfaces are usually heterogeneous over the resolvable scales considered in atmospheric numerical models. Therefore, model surface parameterizations that assume surface homogeneity may fail to represent the surface forcing ...

R. Avissar; R. A. Pielke

1989-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

Toward the Use of Coupled Atmospheric and Hydrologic Models at Regional Scale  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The purpose of this study is to present the possibilities offered by coupled atmospheric and hydrologic models as a new tool to validate and interpret results produced by atmospheric models. The advantages offered by streamflow observations are ...

Robert Benoit; Pierre Pellerin; Nick Kouwen; Harold Ritchie; Norman Donaldson; Paul Joe; E. D. Soulis

2000-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Impacts of Land Surface Model Complexity on a Regional Simulation of a Tropical Synoptic Event  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A multimode Chameleon Surface Model (CHASM) with different levels of complexity in parameterizing surface energy balance is coupled to a limited-area model (DARLAM) to investigate the impacts of complexity in land surface representations on the ...

H. Zhang; J. L. McGregor; A. Henderson-Sellers; J. J. Katzfey

2004-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

Initialization of Soil-Water Content in Regional-Scale Atmospheric Prediction Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The purpose of this study is to demonstrate the feasibility of determining the soil-water content fields required as initial conditions for land surface components within atmospheric prediction models. This is done using a model of the hydrologic ...

Christopher B. Smith; Mercedes N. Lakhtakia; William J. Capehart; Toby N. Carlson

1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "model regions figure" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Surface Energy Balances of Three General Circulation Models: Implications for Simulating Regional Climate Change  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We examine surface energy balances simulated by three general circulation models for current climatic boundary conditions and for an atmosphere with twice current levels of CO2. Differences between model simulations provide a measure of ...

William J. Gutowski Jr.; David S. Gutzler; Wei-Chyung Wang

1991-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Evaluating a biomass resource: The TVA region-wide biomass resource assessment model  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Wood is an alterative fuel for electric power generation at coal-fired plants in the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) region. Short rotation wood energy crops (SRWC) could provide a source of this woody biomass. However, the economic and supply structures of SRWC markets have not been established. Establishing the likely price and supply of SRWC biomass in a region is a complex task because biomass is not an established commodity as are oil, natural gas and coal. In this study we project the cost and supply of short-rotation woody biomass for the TVA region -- a 276 county area that includes all of Tennessee and portions of 10 contiguous states in the southeastern United States. Projected prices and quantities of SRWC are assumed to be a function of the amount and quality of crop and pasture land available in a region. expected SRWC yields and production costs on differing soils and land types, and the profit that could be obtained from current conventional crop production on these same lands. Results include the supply curve of SRWC biomass that is projected to be available from the entire region, the amount and location of crop and pasture land that would be used, and the conventional agricultural crops that would be displaced as a function of SRWC production. Finally, we show the results of sensitivity analysis on the projected cost and supply of SRWC biomass. In particular, we examine the separate impacts of varying SRWC production yields.

Downing, M.; Graham, R.L.

1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

423

Effect of phonon confinement on the thermoelectric figure of merit of quantum wells  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Effect of phonon confinement on the thermoelectric figure of merit of quantum wells Alexander in quantum wells and superlattices due to two-dimensional carrier confinement. We predict that the figure of merit can increase even further in quantum well structures with free-surface or rigid boundaries

424

Figure 1:Energy Consumption in USg gy p 1E Roberts, Energy in US  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

: High Voltage DC Charging of fa Nissan Leaf. E Roberts, Energy in US 53 NPC Future Transportation FuelsFigure 1:Energy Consumption in USg gy p 2008 1E Roberts, Energy in US Source: www.eia.gov #12;Figure 2: US Liquid Demand by Sector and Fuel 2E Roberts, Energy in US Source: EIA: Annual Energy Outlook

Sutton, Michael

425

Real-time motion effect enhancement based on fluid dynamics in figure animation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In fast figure animation, motion blur is often employed to generate fantastic effects of figure motion, for exaggerating the atmosphere one wants to convey. In the previous works for long time, the solution based on certain kind of image blending in ... Keywords: GPU geometric processing, fluid dynamics, motion blur, skeletal animation

Tian-Chen Xu; En-Hua Wu; Mo Chen; Ming Xie

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Keywords: Photovoltaic System, fault-tolerance, recon-figurable PV panel  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Keywords: Photovoltaic System, fault-tolerance, recon- figurable PV panel Photovoltaic (PV plants, and satellites. The output power of a PV cell (also called solar cell) is dependent on the solar irradiance level and temperature. Figure 1 shows PV cell output current-voltage and power

Pedram, Massoud

427

Implementation and evaluation of online gas-phase chemistry within a regional climate model (RegCM-CHEM4)  

SciTech Connect

The RegCM-CHEM4 is a new online climate-chemistry model based on the International Centre for Theoretical Physics (ICTP) regional climate model (RegCM4). Tropospheric gas-phase chemistry is integrated into the climate model using the condensed version of the Carbon Bond Mechanism (CBM-Z; Zaveri and Peters, 1999) with a fast solver based on radical balances. We evaluate the model over Continental Europe for two different time scales: (1) an event-based analysis of the ozone episode associated with the heat wave of August 2003 and (2) a climatological analysis of a sixyear simulation (2000-2005). For the episode analysis, model simulations show good agreement with European Monitoring and Evaluation Program (EMEP) observations of hourly ozone over different regions in Europe and capture ozone concentrations during and after the August 2003 heat wave event. For long-term climate simulations, the model captures the seasonal cycle of ozone concentrations with some over prediction of ozone concentrations in non-heat wave summers. Overall, the ozone and ozone precursor evaluation shows the feasibility of using RegCM-CHEM4 for decadal-length simulations of chemistry-climate interactions.

Shalaby, A. K.; Zakey, A. S.; Tawfik, A. B.; Solmon, F.; Giorgi, Filippo; Stordal, F.; Sillman, S.; Zaveri, Rahul A.; Steiner, A. L.

2012-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

428

Effect of Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation on Tropical Atlantic Variability: A Regional Coupled Model Study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A simplified coupled ocean–atmosphere model, where an atmospheric general circulation model (AGCM) is fully coupled to a 2½-layer reduced-gravity ocean model (RGO) over the tropical Atlantic basin, is presented in the context of studying the role ...

Caihong Wen; Ping Chang; Ramalingam Saravanan

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Global and regional aspects of tropical cyclone activity in the CMIP5 models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Tropical cyclone (TC) activity is analyzed in 14 Coupled Model Intercomparison Project phase 5 (CMIP5) models. The global TC activity in the historical runs is compared with observations. The simulation of TC activity in the CMIP5 models is not as ...

Suzana J. Camargo

430

Comparison of Regional Clear-Sky Albedos Inferred from Satellite Observations and Model Computations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We have taken an important first step in validating climate models by comparing model and satellite inferred clear sky TOA (top-of-atmosphere) albedos. Model albodos were computed on a 1° × 1° latitude-longitude grid, allowing for variations in ...

B. P. Briegleb; P. Minnis; V. Ramanathan; E. Harrison

1986-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

Southeast Regional Clean Energy Policy Analysis (Revised)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Southeast Regional Clean Southeast Regional Clean Energy Policy Analysis Revised Joyce McLaren Technical Report NREL/TP-6A20-49192 Revised April 2011 ERRATA SHEET NREL REPORT/PROJECT NUMBER: TP-6A20-49192 TITLE: Southeast Regional Clean Energy Policy Analysis AUTHOR(S): Joyce McLaren ORIGINAL PUBLICATION DATE: January 2011 DATE OF CORRECTIONS (MM/YYYY): 04/2011 The following figures and tables were replaced: Page vii, Figure ES-2 Page ix, Table ES-1 Page 12, Table 1 Page 20, Figure 10 Page 51, Table 11 Page 52, Figure 18 NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy, operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC. National Renewable Energy Laboratory 1617 Cole Boulevard Golden, Colorado 80401

432

Consumers Are Enjoying Low Oil Prices (Figure 1)  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

SUBCOMMITTEE ON ENERGY AND POWER SUBCOMMITTEE ON ENERGY AND POWER COMMITTEE ON COMMERCE U.S. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES MARCH 10, 1999 Summary of Jay Hakes Testimony on Exxon-Mobil Merger The major oil companies are very different companies today than they were at the time of the Arab Oil Embargo. Following the nationalization of crude-producing assets and the subsequent rise of state-owned oil companies to run and enhance those assets, major oil companies shrank. In 1972, had mergers occurred between BP and Amoco and Exxon and Mobil, the two resulting organizations would have controlled almost 28 percent of world production. Today the combined production of these four organizations accounts for less than 7 percent of production. Exxon and Mobil account for less than 4 percent. If Exxon and Mobil combine, EIA data show several regions of large overlap.

433

Improvements in Quantitative Precipitation Forecasts with the Eta Regional Model at the National Centers for Environmental Prediction: The 48-km Upgrade  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Since 9 June 1993, the eta coordinate regional model has been run twice daily at the National Centers for Environmental Prediction (NCEP, previously the National Meteorological Center) as the NCEP's “early” operational model. Its performance is ...

Fedor Mesinger

1996-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

Changes in 20th century extreme temperature and precipitation over the western United States based on observations and regional climate model simulations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Trends in extreme temperature and precipitation in two regional climate model simulations forced by two global climate models are compared with observed trends over the western United States. The observed temperature extremes show substantial and ...

Valérie Dulière; Yongxin Zhang; Eric P. Salathé Jr.

435

Asian monsoon and the Indian Ocean dipole25,26 Models have been used to investigate the regional effect of varying  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Asian monsoon and the Indian Ocean dipole25,26 . Models have been used to investigate the regional with consequences for the monsoon7,8,28 . Although models investi- gate the contrast between `off' and `on' ITF5

Burgess, Neil

436

Assessment of Dynamical Downscaling in Near-Surface Fields with Different Spectral Nudging Approaches Using the Nested Regional Climate Model (NRCM)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Dynamic downscaling with regional-scale climate models is used widely for increasing the spatial resolution of global-scale climate model projections. One uncertainty in generating these projections is the choice of boundary forcing applied. In ...

Jiali Wang; Veerabhadra R. Kotamarthi

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

A Regional Climatography of West Nile, Uganda, to Support Human Plague Modeling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The West Nile region in northwestern Uganda is a focal point for human plague, which peaks in boreal autumn and is spread by fleas that travel on rodent hosts. The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention is collaborating with the National ...

Andrew J. Monaghan; Katherine MacMillan; Sean M. Moore; Paul S. Mead; Mary H. Hayden; Rebecca J. Eisen

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

The Columbia Regional Geospatial Service Center System: A Proven Model for the United States  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

During the past 20 years, the role of geospatial technology in society has increased dramatically. However, the impact of these technologies in rural areas remains minimal. In Texas, a federally funded project called the Columbia Regional Geospatial ... Keywords: Distributed, Emergency, Geospatial, Response, Technology

P. R. Blackwell; Darrel McDonald

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

A Curvilinear Ocean Model Using a Grid Regionally Compressed in the South Indian Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It is shown that a global curvilinear grid with variable resolution is an efficient way of providing a high density of grid points in a particular region. In equilibrium experiments using asynchronous time steps, this type of grid has been found ...

Ross J. Murray; C. J. C. Reason

2001-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

Regional Weather Prediction with a Model Combining Terrain-following and Isentropic Coordinates. Part I: Model Description  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A short-range numerical prediction model, which is part of a real-time 3-h data assimilation and forecast system, is described. The distinguishing feature of the model is the use of terrain-following (?) coordinate surfaces in the lower ...

Rainer Bleck; Stanley G. Benjamin

1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "model regions figure" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

A Habitat-based Wind-Wildlife Collision Model with Application to the Upper Great Plains Region  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Most previous studies on collision impacts at wind facilities have taken place at the site-specific level and have only examined small-scale influences on mortality. In this study, we examine landscape-level influences using a hierarchical spatial model combined with existing datasets and life history knowledge for: Horned Lark, Red-eyed Vireo, Mallard, American Avocet, Golden Eagle, Whooping Crane, red bat, silver-haired bat, and hoary bat. These species were modeled in the central United States within Bird Conservation Regions 11, 17, 18, and 19. For the bird species, we modeled bird abundance from existing datasets as a function of habitat variables known to be preferred by each species to develop a relative abundance prediction for each species. For bats, there are no existing abundance datasets so we identified preferred habitat in the landscape for each species and assumed that greater amounts of preferred habitat would equate to greater abundance of bats. The abundance predictions for bird and bats were modeled with additional exposure factors known to influence collisions such as visibility, wind, temperature, precipitation, topography, and behavior to form a final mapped output of predicted collision risk within the study region. We reviewed published mortality studies from wind farms in our study region and collected data on reported mortality of our focal species to compare to our modeled predictions. We performed a sensitivity analysis evaluating model performance of 6 different scenarios where habitat and exposure factors were weighted differently. We compared the model performance in each scenario by evaluating observed data vs. our model predictions using spearmans rank correlations. Horned Lark collision risk was predicted to be highest in the northwestern and west-central portions of the study region with lower risk predicted elsewhere. Red-eyed Vireo collision risk was predicted to be the highest in the eastern portions of the study region and in the forested areas of the western portion; the lowest risk was predicted in the treeless portions of the northwest portion of the study area. Mallard collision risk was predicted to be highest in the eastern central portion of the prairie potholes and in Iowa which has a high density of pothole wetlands; lower risk was predicted in the more arid portions of the study area. Predicted collision risk for American Avocet was similar to Mallard and was highest in the prairie pothole region and lower elsewhere. Golden Eagle collision risk was predicted to be highest in the mountainous areas of the western portion of the study area and lowest in the eastern portion of the prairie potholes. Whooping Crane predicted collision risk was highest within the migration corridor that the birds follow through in the central portion of the study region; predicted collision risk was much lower elsewhere. Red bat collision risk was highly driven by large tracts of forest and river corridors which made up most of the areas of higher collision risk. Silver-haired bat and hoary bat predicted collision risk were nearly identical and driven largely by forest and river corridors as well as locations with warmer temperatures, and lower average wind speeds. Horned Lark collisions were mostly influenced by abundance and predictions showed a moderate correlation between observed and predicted mortality (r = 0.55). Red bat, silver-haired bat, and hoary bat predictions were much higher and shown a strong correlations with observed mortality with correlations of 0.85, 0.90, and 0.91 respectively. Red bat collisions were influenced primarily by habitat, while hoary bat and silver-haired bat collisions were influenced mainly by exposure variables. Stronger correlations between observed and predicted collision for bats than for Horned Larks can likely be attributed to stronger habitat associations and greater influences of weather on behavior for bats. Although the collision predictions cannot be compared among species, our model outputs provide a convenient and easy landscape-level tool to quick

Forcey, Greg, M.

2012-08-28T23:59:59.000Z

442

A Guide for Using the Transient Ground-Water Flow Model of the Death Valley Regional Ground-Water Flow System, Nevada and California  

SciTech Connect

This report is a guide for executing numerical simulations with the transient ground-water flow model of the Death Valley regional ground-water flow system, Nevada and California using the U.S. Geological Survey modular finite-difference ground-water flow model, MODFLOW-2000. Model inputs, including observations of hydraulic head, discharge, and boundary flows, are summarized. Modification of the DVRFS transient ground-water model is discussed for two common uses of the Death Valley regional ground-water flow system model: predictive pumping scenarios that extend beyond the end of the model simulation period (1998), and model simulations with only steady-state conditions.

Joan B. Blainey; Claudia C. Faunt, and Mary C. Hill

2006-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

443

Geothermal Regions | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Regions Regions Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Geothermal Regions RegionsMap2012.jpg Geothermal regions were outlined for the western United States (including Alaska and Hawaii) to identify geothermal areas, projects, and exploration trends for each region. These regions were developed based on the USGS physiographic regions (U.S. Geological Survey), and then adjusted to fit geothermal exploration parameters such as differences in geologic regime, structure, heat source, surface effects (weather, vegetation patterns, groundwater flow), and other relevant factors. The 21 regions can be seen outlined in red and overlain on the 2008 USGS Geothermal Favorability Map in Figure 1.[1] Add a new Geothermal Region List of Regions Area (km2) Mean MW

444

Figure 5. The LAT and the GLAST spacecraft. GLAST will also carry a gamma-ray burst monitor, the GBM instrument. For more information about GLAST, see  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Figure 5. The LAT and the GLAST spacecraft. GLAST will also carry a gamma-ray burst monitor-energy gamma-ray astronomy, owing to the poor angular resolutions of the detectors and the limited statistics of the diffuse interstellar gamma-ray intensity. The LAT collaboration will develop a model of th e interstellar

Strong, Andrew W.

445

Modeling Analysis of the Big Bend Regional Aerosol and Visibility Observational (BRAVO) Study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Particulate sulfate compounds account for approximately half of the particulate matter (PM) during periods of poor visibility at Big Bend National Park (BBNP). Poor visibility is associated with two distinct meteorological regimes -- one dominated by flow from Mexico during spring and summer months and another characterized by transport from regions northeast of BBNP during fall months. Accordingly, the monitoring component of BRAVO took place from July to October 1999. More than 30 sites were establishe...

2004-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

446

Simulations of present and future climates in the western U.S. with four nested regional climate models  

SciTech Connect

We analyze simulations of present and future climates in the western U.S. performed with four regional climate models (RCMs) nested within two global ocean-atmosphere climate models. Our primary goal is to assess the range of regional climate responses to increased greenhouse gases in available RCM simulations. The four RCMs used different geographical domains, different increased greenhouse gas scenarios for future-climate simulations, and (in some cases) different lateral boundary conditions. For simulations of the present climate, we compare RCM results to observations and to results of the GCM that provided lateral boundary conditions to the RCM. For future-climate (increased greenhouse gas) simulations, we compare RCM results to each other and to results of the driving GCMs. When results are spatially averaged over the western U.S., we find that the results of each RCM closely follow those of the driving GCM in the same region, in both present and future climates. In present-climate simulations, the RCMs have biases in spatially-averaged simulated precipitation and near-surface temperature that seem to be very close to those of the driving GCMs. In future-climate simulations, the spatially-averaged RCM-projected responses in precipitation and near-surface temperature are also very close to those of the respective driving GCMs. Precipitation responses predicted by the RCMs are in many regions not statistically significant compared to interannual variability. Where the predicted precipitation responses are statistically significant, they are positive. The models agree that near-surface temperatures will increase, but do not agree on the spatial pattern of this increase. The four RCMs produce very different estimates of water content of snow in the present climate, and of the change in this water content in response to increased greenhouse gases.

Duffy, P B; Arritt, R W; Coquard, J; Gutowski, W; Han, J; Iorio, J; Kim, J; Leung, L R; Roads, J; Zeledon, E

2004-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

447

Integrated Canada-U.S. Power Sector Modeling with the Regional Energy Deployment System (ReEDS)  

SciTech Connect

The electric power system in North America is linked between the United States and Canada. Canada has historically been a net exporter of electricity to the United States. The extent to which this remains true will depend on the future evolution of power markets, technology deployment, and policies. To evaluate these and related questions, we modify the Regional Energy Deployment System (ReEDS) model to include an explicit representation of the grid-connected power system in Canada to the continental United States. ReEDS is unique among long-term capacity expansion models for its high spatial resolution and statistical treatment of the impact of variable renewable generation on capacity planning and dispatch. These unique traits are extended to new Canadian regions. We present example scenario results using the fully integrated Canada-U.S. version of ReEDS to demonstrate model capabilities. The newly developed, integrated Canada-U.S. ReEDS model can be used to analyze the dynamics of electricity transfers and other grid services between the two countries under different scenarios.

Martinez, A.; Eurek, K.; Mai, T.; Perry, A.

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Ecosystem Feedbacks to Climate Change in California: Development, Testing, and Analysis Using a Coupled Regional Atmosphere and Land Surface Model (WRF3–CLM3.5)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A regional atmosphere model [Weather Research and Forecasting model version 3 (WRF3)] and a land surface model [Community Land Model, version 3.5 (CLM3.5)] were coupled to study the interactions between the atmosphere and possible future ...

Z. M. Subin; W. J. Riley; J. Jin; D. S. Christianson; M. S. Torn; L. M. Kueppers

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Modeling Interregional Transmission Congestion in the National Energy Modeling System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

22 3.4 No Coal25 3.4.1 Coal Supply Regions and Electricity Market24 Figure 3-14 Economic Transmission in No Coal

Gumerman, Etan; Chan, Peter; Lesieutre, Bernard; Marnay, Chris; Wang, Juan

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

Recent Advances in Regional Climate System Modeling and Climate Change Analyses of Extreme Heat  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

upgrade, as compared to the MM5-NOAH, has improved snowmelt,the MM5 code includes the NOAH land surface model within of2002 were produced by MM5-NOAH and MM5-CLM (denoted as Old

Miller, Norman L.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

How Well Do Large-Scale Models Reproduce Regional Hydrological Extremes in Europe?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a new methodology for assessing the ability of gridded hydrological models to reproduce large-scale hydrological high and low flow events (as a proxy for hydrological extremes) as described by catalogues of historical droughts [...

Christel Prudhomme; Simon Parry; Jamie Hannaford; Douglas B. Clark; Stefan Hagemann; Frank Voss

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Hydrologic implications of different large-scale meteorological model forcing datasets in mountainous regions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Process-based hydrologic models require extensive meteorological forcing data, including data on precipitation, temperature, shortwave and longwave radiation, humidity, surface pressure and wind speed. Observations of precipitation and temperature ...

Naoki Mizukami; Martyn Clark; Andrew Slater; Levi Brekke; Marketa Elsner; Jeffrey Arnold; Subhrendu Gangopadhyay

453

Regional Climates in the GISS General Circulation Model: Surface Air Temperature  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

One of the more viable research techniques into global climate change for the purpose of understanding the consequent environmental impacts is based on the use of general circulation models (GCMs). However, GCMs are currently unable to reliably ...

Bruce Hewitson

1994-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

Prediction of Nine Explosive Cyclones over the Western Atlantic Ocean with a Regional Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A series of 14 numerical experiments were conducted using the Pennsylvania State University/National Center for Atmospheric Research mesoscale model on nine cases of explosive marine cyclogenesis. The main objective was to identify key factors ...

Ying-Hwa Kuo; Simon Low-Nam

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

A Conterminous United States Multilayer Soil Characteristics Dataset for Regional Climate and Hydrology Modeling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Soil information is now widely required by many climate and hydrology models and soil–vegetation–atmosphere transfer schemes. This paper describes the development of a multilayer soil characteristics dataset for the conterminous United States (...

Douglas A. Miller; Richard A. White

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

Sensitivity of the Modeled North American Monsoon Regional Climate to Convective Parameterization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper documents the sensitivity of the modeled evolution of the North American monsoon system (NAMS) to convective parameterization in terms of thermodynamic and circulation characteristics, stability profiles, and precipitation. The ...

David J. Gochis; W. James Shuttleworth; Zong-Liang Yang

2002-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Stochastic Characterization of Regional Circulation Patterns for Climate Model Diagnosis and Estimation of Local Precipitation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Two statistical approaches for linking large-scale atmospheric circulation patterns and daily local rainfall are applied to GCM (general circulation model) climate simulations. The ultimate objective is to simulate local precipitation associated ...

Eduardo Zorita; James P. Hughes; Dennis P. Lettemaier; Hans von Storch

1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

A Split Quasi-Lagrangian Method for Use in a Regional Barotropic Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An economical advection scheme with linear high-order accuracy is described. A splitting technique is not only used to solve the equations a barotropic model, but is used to split the two dimensional quasi-Lagrangian advection with one-...

Teng Jiamo

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

A Diagnostic Modelling Study of the Trailing Stratiform Region of a Midlatitude Squall Line  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A kinematic model with continuity equations for sensible heat, water vapor, cloud water, cloud ice, rain, snow, and graupel is used to determine the steady state thermodynamic and microphysical processes associated with the observed mesoscale air ...

Steven A. Rutledge; Robert A. Houze Jr.

1987-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Dynamical Downscaling of Austral Summer Climate Forecasts over Southern Africa Using a Regional Coupled Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The prediction skill of dynamical downscaling is evaluated for climate forecasts over southern Africa using the Advanced Research Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model. As a case study, forecasts for the December–February (DJF) season of ...

J. V. Ratnam; S. K. Behera; S. B. Ratna; C. J. de W. Rautenbach; C. Lennard; J.-J. Luo; Y. Masumoto; K. Takahashi; T. Yamagata

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "model regions figure" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Observed Scaling in Clouds and Precipitation and Scale Incognizance in Regional to Global Atmospheric Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We use observations of robust scaling behavior in clouds and precipitation to derive constraints on how partitioning of precipitation should change with model resolution. Our analysis indicates that 90–99% of stratiform precipitation should occur ...

Travis A. O’Brien; Fuyu Li; William D. Collins; Sara A. Rauscher; Todd D. Ringler; Mark Taylor; Samson M. Hagos; L. Ruby Leung

462

Consistency in Global Climate Change Model Predictions of Regional Precipitation Trends  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Projections of human-induced climate change impacts arising from the emission of atmospheric chemical constituents such as carbon dioxide typically utilize multiple integrations (or ensembles) of numerous numerical climate change models to arrive ...

Bruce T. Anderson; Catherine Reifen; Ralf Toumi

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Uncertainty Propagation of Regional Climate Model Precipitation Forecasts to Hydrologic Impact Assessment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A Monte Carlo framework is adopted for propagating uncertainty in dynamically downscaled seasonal forecasts of area-averaged daily precipitation to associated streamflow response calculations. Daily precipitation is modeled as a mixture of two ...

Phaedon C. Kyriakidis; Norman L. Miller; Jinwon Kim

2001-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Predictability of SST in a Stochastic Climate Model and Its Application to the Kuroshio Extension Region  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The influence of deterministic forcing on SST predictability is investigated in a zero-dimensional, stochastic, coupled atmosphere–ocean climate model. The SST anomaly predictability time is found to be very sensitive to the properties of the ...

Robert B. Scott; Bo Qiu

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

Reproducible and Irreproducible Components in Ensemble Simulations with a Regional Climate Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

High-resolution limited-area models (LAMs) have been widely employed to downscale coarse-resolution climate simulations or objective analyses. The growing evidence that LAM climate statistics can be sensitive to initial conditions suggests that a ...

Leo Separovic; Ramon de Elía; René Laprise

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

Modeling and design of control system for variable speed wind turbine in all operating region  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In order to get the maximum power from the wind, the variable-speed wind turbine should run at different speed when wind speed changes. In this paper a control system is introduced to get this purpose base on establishing the three-mass model of the ... Keywords: doubly-fed induction generator (DFIG), feed-forward compensator, loop-shaping, pitch controller, speed controller, three-mass model, wind turbine

Wu Dingguo; Wang Zhixin

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

Final Technical Report for "Collaborative Research: Regional climate-change projections through next-generation empirical and dynamical models"  

SciTech Connect

This project was a continuation of previous work under DOE CCPP funding in which we developed a twin approach of non-homogeneous hidden Markov models (NHMMs) and coupled ocean-atmosphere (O-A) intermediate-complexity models (ICMs) to identify the potentially predictable modes of climate variability, and to investigate their impacts on the regional-scale. We have developed a family of latent-variable NHMMs to simulate historical records of daily rainfall, and used them to downscale seasonal predictions. We have also developed empirical mode reduction (EMR) models for gaining insight into the underlying dynamics in observational data and general circulation model (GCM) simulations. Using coupled O-A ICMs, we have identified a new mechanism of interdecadal climate variability, involving the midlatitude oceans mesoscale eddy field and nonlinear, persistent atmospheric response to the oceanic anomalies. A related decadal mode is also identified, associated with the oceans thermohaline circulation. The goal of the continuation was to build on these ICM results and NHMM/EMR model developments and software to strengthen two key pillars of support for the development and application of climate models for climate change projections on time scales of decades to centuries, namely: (a) dynamical and theoretical understanding of decadal-to-interdecadal oscillations and their predictability; and (b) an interface from climate models to applications, in order to inform societal adaptation strategies to climate change at the regional scale, including model calibration, correction, downscaling and, most importantly, assessment and interpretation of spread and uncertainties in multi-model ensembles. Our main results from the grant consist of extensive further development of the hidden Markov models for rainfall simulation and downscaling specifically within the non-stationary climate change context together with the development of parallelized software; application of NHMMs to downscaling of rainfall projections over India; identification and analysis of decadal climate signals in data and models; and, studies of climate variability in terms of the dynamics of atmospheric flow regimes. Each of these project components is elaborated on below, followed by a list of publications resulting from the grant.

Robertson, A.W.; Ghil, M.; Kravtsov, K.; Smyth, P.J.

2011-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

468

Final Technical Report for "Collaborative Research: Regional climate-change projections through next-generation empirical and dynamical models"  

SciTech Connect

This project was a continuation of previous work under DOE CCPP funding in which we developed a twin approach of non-homogeneous hidden Markov models (NHMMs) and coupled ocean-atmosphere (O-A) intermediate-complexity models (ICMs) to identify the potentially predictable modes of climate variability, and to investigate their impacts on the regional-scale. We have developed a family of latent-variable NHMMs to simulate historical records of daily rainfall, and used them to downscale seasonal predictions. We have also developed empirical mode reduction (EMR) models for gaining insight into the underlying dynamics in observational data and general circulation model (GCM) simulations. Using coupled O-A ICMs, we have identified a new mechanism of interdecadal climate variability, involving the midlatitude oceansâ?? mesoscale eddy field and nonlinear, persistent atmospheric response to the oceanic anomalies. A related decadal mode is also identified, associated with the oceansâ?? thermohaline circulation. The goal of the continuation was to build on these ICM results and NHMM/EMR model developments and software to strengthen two key pillars of support for the development and application of climate models for climate change projections on time scales of decades to centuries, namely: (a) dynamical and theoretical understanding of decadal-to-interdecadal oscillations and their predictability; and (b) an interface from climate models to applications, in order to inform societal adaptation strategies to climate change at the regional scale, including model calibration, correction, downscaling and, most importantly, assessment and interpretation of spread and uncertainties in multi-model ensembles. Our main results from the grant consist of extensive further development of the hidden Markov models for rainfall simulation and downscaling specifically within the non-stationary climate change context together with the development of parallelized software; application of NHMMs to downscaling of rainfall projections over India; identification and analysis of decadal climate signals in data and models; and, studies of climate variability in terms of the dynamics of atmospheric flow regimes. Each of these project components is elaborated on below, followed by a list of publications resulting from the grant.

Kravtsov, S.; Robertson, A. W.; Ghil, M.; Smyth, P. J.

2011-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

469

An Efficient Approach to Modeling the Topographic Control of Surface Hydrology for Regional and Global Climate Modeling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The current generation of land-surface models used in GCMs view the soil column as the fundamental hydrologic unit. While this may be effective in simulating such processes as the evolution of ground temperatures and the growth/ablation of a ...

Marc Stieglitz; David Rind; James Famiglietti; Cynthia Rosenzweig

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

Chemical-Specific Representation of Air-Soil Exchange and Soil Penetration in Regional Multimedia Models  

SciTech Connect

In multimedia mass-balance models, the soil compartment is an important sink as well as a conduit for transfers to vegetation and shallow groundwater. Here a novel approach for constructing soil transport algorithms for multimedia fate models is developed and evaluated. The resulting algorithms account for diffusion in gas and liquid components; advection in gas, liquid, or solid phases; and multiple transformation processes. They also provide an explicit quantification of the characteristic soil penetration depth. We construct a compartment model using three and four soil layers to replicate with high reliability the flux and mass distribution obtained from the exact analytical solution describing the transient dispersion, advection, and transformation of chemicals in soil with fixed properties and boundary conditions. Unlike the analytical solution, which requires fixed boundary conditions, the soil compartment algorithms can be dynamically linked to other compartments (air, vegetation, ground water, surface water) in multimedia fate models. We demonstrate and evaluate the performance of the algorithms in a model with applications to benzene, benzo(a)pyrene, MTBE, TCDD, and tritium.

McKone, T.E.; Bennett, D.H.

2002-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

Thermodynamics of the Madden-Julian Oscillation in a Regional Model with Constrained Moisture  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In order to identify the main thermodynamic processes that sustain the Madden Julian Oscillation, an eddy available potential energy budget analysis is performed on a WRF simulation with moisture constrained by observations. The model realistically simulates the two MJO episodes observed during the winter of 2007-2008. The analysis shows that instabilities and damping associated with variations in diabatic heating and energy transport work in concert to provide the MJO with its observed characteristics. The results are used to construct a simplified paradigm of MJO thermodynamics. Furthermore, the effect of moisture nudging on the simulation is analyzed to understand the limitations of the model cumulus parameterization. Without moisture nudging, the parameterization fails to provide adequate low-level (upper-level) moistening during the early (late) stage of the MJO active phase. The moistening plays a critical role in providing stratiform heating variability that is an important source of eddy available potential energy for the model MJO.

Hagos, Samson M.; Leung, Lai-Yung R.; Dudhia, Jimy

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Borders as membranes :metaphors and models for improved policy in border regions.  

SciTech Connect

Political borders are controversial and contested spaces. In an attempt to better understand movement along and through political borders, this project applied the metaphor of a membrane to look at how people, ideas, and things ''move'' through a border. More specifically, the research team employed this metaphor in a system dynamics framework to construct a computer model to assess legal and illegal migration on the US-Mexico border. Employing a metaphor can be helpful, as it was in this project, to gain different perspectives on a complex system. In addition to the metaphor, the multidisciplinary team utilized an array of methods to gather data including traditional literature searches, an experts workshop, a focus group, interviews, and culling expertise from the individuals on the research team. Results from the qualitative efforts revealed strong social as well as economic drivers that motivate individuals to cross the border legally. Based on the information gathered, the team concluded that legal migration dynamics were of a scope we did not want to consider hence, available demographic models sufficiently capture migration at the local level. Results from both the quantitative and qualitative data searches were used to modify a 1977 border model to demonstrate the dynamic nature of illegal migration. Model runs reveal that current US-policies based on neo-classic economic theory have proven ineffective in curbing illegal migration, and that proposed enforcement policies are also likely to be ineffective. We suggest, based on model results, that improvement in economic conditions within Mexico may have the biggest impact on illegal migration to the U.S. The modeling also supports the views expressed in the current literature suggesting that demographic and economic changes within Mexico are likely to slow illegal migration by 2060 with no special interventions made by either government.

Malczynski, Leonard A.; Passell, Howard David; Forster, Craig B. (University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT); Cockerill, Kristan (Cockerill Consulting, Boone, NC)

2005-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

Figure 71. Average fuel economy of new light-duty vehicles, 1980 ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Sheet3 Sheet2 Sheet1 Figure 71. Average fuel economy of new light-duty vehicles, 1980-2040 (miles per gallon, CAFE compliance values) History Reference case

474

Figure 91. Natural gas production by source, 1990-2040 (trillion ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Sheet3 Sheet2 Sheet1 Figure 91. Natural gas production by source, 1990-2040 (trillion cubic feet) Alaska Coalbed Methane Lower 48 Offshore Lower 48 Onshore Conventional

475

Figure 1. Net import share of U.S. liquids supply in two ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

16.87 2040.00 11.96 18.95 18.08 16.80. Title: Figure 1. Net import share of U.S. liquids supply in two cases, 1970-2040 (percent) Subject: Annual ...

476

Figure 10. Annual change in U.S. wet natural gas proved reserves ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Figure 8 Bcf Shale Total Other Shale % Total Proved Reserves Change in Natural Gas Proved Reserves Tcf Natural Gas Proved Reserves shale other 2006.00 14182.00

477

Figure 11. Shale gas proved reserves by selected states, wet after ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Figure 11 Shale_History_Summary state Alabama AL Arkansas AR CA Colorado CO Kentucky KY Louisiana LA Michigan MI Montana MT North Dakota ND NM Oklahoma OK Pennsylvania

478

Figure 111. Energy-related carbon dioxide emissions in three cases ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Sheet3 Sheet2 Sheet1 Figure 111. Energy-related carbon dioxide emissions in three cases with three levels of emissions fees, 2000-2040 (million metric tons)

479

Figure 97. Total U.S. tight oil production by geologic formation ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Sheet3 Sheet2 Sheet1 Figure 97. Total U.S. tight oil production by geologic formation, 2011-2040 (million barrels per day) Permian Basin Bakken Eagle Ford

480

Mobility of Ions in Lanthanum Fluoride Nanoclusters---Figure 7 - TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... April 1997 edition of JOM-e. a, b. c, d. e, f. g, h. F (bulk) F (surface). La (bulk) La (surface). Figure 7. The MSD as a function of time for several temperatures.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "model regions figure" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Figure 41. U.S. Brent crude oil and Henry Hub natural gas spot ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Sheet3 Sheet2 Sheet1 Figure 41. U.S. Brent crude oil and Henry Hub natural gas spot market prices in three cases, 2005-2040 Natural Gas Crude Oil Reference

482

Figure 98. API gravity of U.S. domestic and imported crude ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Title: Figure 98. API gravity of U.S. domestic and imported crude oil supplies, 1990-2040 (degrees) Subject: Annual Energy Outlook 2013 Author: U.S. E ...

483

Figure 8.1 Electricity Overview - U.S. Energy Information ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Figure 8.1 Electricity Overview Overview, 2011 Electricity Trade, 1949-2011 Net-Generation-to-End-Use Flow, 2011 (Billion Kilowatthours) 220 U.S. Energy Information ...

484

Figure 72. Vehicle miles traveled per licensed driver, 1970-2040 ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Sheet3 Sheet2 Sheet1 Figure 72. Vehicle miles traveled per licensed driver, 1970-2040 (thousand miles) History Reference case 1970.00 $8.69 1971.00 $9.01

485

Figure 7. U.S. dry natural gas consumption by sector, 2005-2040 ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Sheet3 Sheet2 Sheet1 Figure 7. U.S. dry natural gas consumption by sector, 2005-2040 (trllion cubic feet) Residential Commercial Transportation Gas to liquids

486

Figure 21. Annual average spot price for Brent crude oil in three ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Sheet3 Sheet2 Sheet1 Figure 21. Annual average spot price for Brent crude oil in three cases, 1990-2040 (2011 dollars per barrel) Reference Low Oil Price

487

Figure 87. Ratio of Brent crude oil price to Henry Hub spot ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Sheet3 Sheet2 Sheet1 Figure 87. Ratio of Brent crude oil price to Henry Hub spot natural gas price in energy-equivalent terms, 1990-2040 Ratio Released:April 15, 2013

488

Figure 49. Brent crude oil spot prices in three cases, 1990-2040 ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Sheet3 Sheet2 Sheet1 Figure 49. Brent crude oil spot prices in three cases, 1990-2040 (2011 dollars per barrel) Reference High Oil Price Low Oil Price

489

Figure 3.1 Fossil Fuel Production Prices - U.S. Energy ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Figure 3.1 Fossil Fuel Production Prices Prices, 1949-2011 Fossil Fuel Composite Price,² Change From Previous Year, 1950-2011 68 U.S. Energy Information ...

490

Figure 3.8 Value of Fossil Fuel Exports - U.S. Energy ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Figure 3.8 Value of Fossil Fuel Exports Total, 1949-2011 By Fuel, 1949-2011 By Fuel, 2011 82 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011

491

Figure 75. U.S. electricity demand growth, 1950-2040 (percent, 3 ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Sheet3 Sheet2 Sheet1 Figure 75. U.S. electricity demand growth, 1950-2040 (percent, 3-year moving average) Year 3-year moving average Trendline 1950.00

492

Figure 6.3 Natural Gas Imports, Exports, and Net Imports  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Figure 6.3 Natural Gas Imports, Exports, and Net Imports Trade Overview, 1949-2011 Trade, 2011 Net Imports as Share of Consumption, 1958-2011 182 U.S. ...

493

Figure SR3. U.S. Natural Gas Imports and Exports, 1994-2008  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Figure SR3 of the U.S. Natural Gas Imports & Exports: 2008. This report provides an overview of U.S. international natural gas trade in 2008. Natu ...

494

Figure SR1. Flow of Natural Gas Imports and Exports, 2008  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Figure SR1 of the U.S. Natural Gas Imports & Exports: 2008. ... In 2008 LNG exports went primarily to Japan, after a small amount went to Russia in 2007.

495

PRISM 2.0: Personal Transportation Module of the U.S. Regional Economy, Greenhouse Gas, and Energy (US-REGEN) Model: A Guide to Operation and Development  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The personal transportation/electric vehicle penetration module (Transportation Module) of the U.S. Regional Economy, Greenhouse Gas, and Energy (US-REGEN) integrated regional macroeconomic model is a structural economic model of personal vehicle purchase and driving behaviors that focuses on the adoption of electric vehicles. The module employs a representation of consumers’ demographics, existing vehicles, vehicle choices, and preferences for vehicle characteristics to model personal vehicle ...

2013-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

496

Three-dimensional modeling of subionospheric VLF propagation in the presence of localized D region perturbations associated with lightning  

SciTech Connect

A theoretical model of single-mode, subionospheric VLF wave propagation in the presence of localized perturbations of the nighttime D region has been developed. Such perturbations could be produced, for example, by lightning-induced electron precipitation associated with a characteristic type of phase or amplitude perturbation in VLF signals known as Trimpi events. The model assumes that the ionospheric perturbation is slowly varying in the horizontal plane and that mode-coupling is therefore negligible, and accounts for (1) effects of perturbations with finite extent in the dimension transverse to the great circle (GC) path between transmitter and receiver, and (2) effects of perturbations which lie off the GC path as well as on it. The formulation used for the numerical calculations depends significantly on the mode refractive index of the ambient Earth-ionosphere waveguide and the mode refractive index in the region of the perturbation. In the calculations values for the mode refractive index are determined from the electron-density-versus-altitude profiles of both the ambient and perturbed ionospheres. Values for changes in the amplitude and phase of a received signal were obtained from the model and compared with amplitude and phase measurements of a VLF signal received at Palmer Station, Antarctica, from the NPM transmitter (23.4 kHz) in Hawaii during energetic electron precipitation events.

Poulsen, W.L.; Bell, T.F.; Inan, U.S. (Stanford Univ., CA (United States))

1990-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

OBSERVING SYSTEM SIMULATION EXPERIMENTS ON THE OAH'U REGIONAL OCEAN MODEL  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Powell, Chairperson Pierre Flament Glenn S. Carter #12;© Copyright by Rebecca E. Baltes 2011 #12. Glenn Carter for serving on my committee as well as for all the help learning how to code efficiently and Background Circulation 14 2.4: Model Consistency 16 2.5: HIOG and Mamala Bay Circulation 24 Chapter 3

Luther, Douglas S.

498

Ocean Model Diagnosis of Low-Frequency Climate Variability in the South Atlantic Region  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

South Atlantic Ocean variability is investigated by means of an ocean general circulation model (ORCA2), forced with the NCEP–NCAR reanalyses for the 1948–99 period. A rotated EOF analysis of the mixed layer temperature suggests a breakdown of ...

Frank Colberg; C. J. C. Reason

2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

Assessment of Twentieth-Century Regional Surface Temperature Trends Using the GFDL CM2 Coupled Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Historical climate simulations of the period 1861–2000 using two new Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory (GFDL) global climate models (CM2.0 and CM2.1) are compared with observed surface temperatures. All-forcing runs include the effects of ...

T. R. Knutson; T. L. Delworth; K. W. Dixon; I. M. Held; J. Lu; V. Ramaswamy; M. D. Schwarzkopf; G. Stenchikov; R. J. Stouffer

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

A biologically-consistent stand growth model for loblolly pine in the Piedmont physiographic region, USA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

climate, nutrition and carbon cycling modules for studying the effects of a changing environment. Key words: Pinus taeda, state space,, hybrid model, carbon, climate change, forest nutrition 1. Introduction, vegetation control, or genetic improvement. In- creasingly, there is interest in predicting responses to cli

García, Oscar