National Library of Energy BETA

Sample records for mobile interfaces on-demand

  1. Collaborative Computing On-Demand: Harnessing Mobile Devices in Executing On-the-Fly Jobs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guirguis, Mina S. - Department of Computer Science, Texas State University

    Collaborative Computing On-Demand: Harnessing Mobile Devices in Executing On-the-Fly Jobs Thomas San Marcos, TX 78666 Abstract--Systems employing mobile devices (e.g., sensors, smart phones, robots in embedded systems and wireless communication, mobile devices (e.g., sensors, robots, cell phones, and other

  2. ON-DEMAND TRANSIENT DATA STORAGE AND BACKUP IN MOBILE SYSTEMS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thain, Douglas

    systems. However, such systems are limited by available storage space and battery life. SubstantialON-DEMAND TRANSIENT DATA STORAGE AND BACKUP IN MOBILE SYSTEMS Jeffrey Hemmes, Christian Poellabauer degradation of their utility over the course of a prolonged operation is likely as batteries wear down

  3. Code-on-demand and code adaptation for mobile computing Francis C.M. Lau, Nalini Belaramani, Vivien W.M. Kwan, Pauline P.L. Siu,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lau, Francis C.M.

    , and mobile devices have insufficient resources to cope. We introduce Sparkle, a proof-of-concept, mobile as possible to run on a mobile device, we propose changing the software development paradigm from monolithic chunks to small functionalities which can be dynamically downloaded on demand to the mobile device

  4. Interface Challenges For Mobile Tutoring Systems Quincy Brown1,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Salvucci, Dario D.

    , Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA Abstract. Mobile devices used in education have the potential to provide learners deliver tutors on mobile devices, developers must consider the interface constraints imposed in society has led researchers to investigate methods to employ mobile devices in education. The integration

  5. Design for implementation : fully integrated charging & docking infrastructure used in Mobility-on-Demand electric vehicle fleets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin, Jean Mario Nations

    2012-01-01

    As the technology used in electric vehicles continues to advance, there is an increased demand for urban-appropriate electric charging stations emphasizing a modern user interface, robust design, and reliable functionality. ...

  6. Hindered mobility of a particle near a soft interface

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas Bickel

    2006-10-27

    The translational motion of a solid sphere near a deformable fluid interface is studied in the low Reynolds number regime. In this problem, the fluid flow driven by the sphere is dynamically coupled the instantaneous conformation of the interface. Using a two-dimensional Fourier transform technique, we are able to account for the multiple backflows scattered from the interface. The mobility tensor is then obtained from the matrix elements of the relevant Green function. This analysis allows us to express the explicit position and frequency dependence of the mobility. We recover in the steady limit the result for a sphere near a perfectly flat interface. At intermediate time scales, the mobility exhibits an imaginary part, which is a signature of the elastic response of the interface. In the short time limit, we find the intriguing feature that the perpendicular mobility may, under some circumstances, become lower than the bulk value. All those results can be explained from the definition of the relaxation time of the soft interface.

  7. A super-aggregation strategy for multi-homed mobile hosts with heterogeneous wireless interfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sivakumar, Raghupathy

    A super-aggregation strategy for multi-homed mobile hosts with heterogeneous wireless interfaces Abstract Most mobile devices today are equipped with multiple and heterogeneous wireless interfaces. In this paper we ask the following question: What is the best approach to leverage the multiple interfaces

  8. An Electrochemical Potentiostat Interface for Mobile Devices: Enabling Remote Medical Diagnostics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fu, Henry; Lew, Michael; Menon, Shruti; Scratchley, Craig; Parameswaran, M Ash

    2015-01-01

    An electrochemical potentiostat interface for mobile devices has been designed and implemented. The interface consists of a potentiostat module, a microcontroller module, and a Bluetooth module. The potentiostat module performs electrochemical measurements and detects the responses from the samples. The microcontroller module controls the test and communication processes. The Bluetooth module links the system to a mobile device, where the mobile device acts as a control-console, data storage system, communication unit, and graphical plotter for the overall diagnostic processes. This interface is suitable for point-of-care and remote diagnostics, enhancing the capabilities of mobile devices in telemedicine.

  9. Perceptual and Context Aware Interfaces on Mobile Devices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Jingtao

    2010-01-01

    New Interaction Techniques for Mobile Devices 2.2.3 ComputerApplications on Mobile Devices iv Case Study : The End-Userdesktop computers and mobile devices. Event Maps has been

  10. Revelation on Demand Nicolas Anciaux

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Revelation on Demand Nicolas Anciaux 1 · Mehdi Benzine1,2 · Luc Bouganim1 · Philippe Pucheral1 "revelation on demand". Keywords: Confidentiality and privacy, Secure device, Data warehousing, Indexing model

  11. Chord on Demand Alberto Montresor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jelasity, Márk

    Chord on Demand Alberto Montresor University of Bologna, Italy montresor@cs.unibo.it M´ark Jelasity to solve a specific task on demand. We introduce T- CHORD, that can build a Chord network efficiently to solve a specific task on demand. Existing join protocols are not designed to handle the massive

  12. Chord on Demand Alberto Montresor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chord on Demand Alberto Montresor University of Bologna, Italy montresor@cs.unibo.it Mark Jelasity to solve a specific task on demand. We introduce T- CHORD, that can build a Chord network efficiently on demand. Existing join protocols are not designed to handle the massive concurrency involved in a jump

  13. Influence of interface mobility on the evolution of Austenite-Martensite grain assemblies during annealing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Clarke, Amy J; Santofimia, Maria J; Speer, John G; Zhao, L; Sietsma, Jilt

    2009-01-01

    The quenching and partitioning (Q&P) process is a new heat treatment for the creation of advanced high-strength steels. This treatment consists of an initial partial or full austenitization, followed by a quench to form a controlled amount of martensite and an annealing step to partition carbon atoms from the martensite to the austenite. In this work, the microstructural evolution during annealing of martensite-austenite grain assemblies has been analyzed by means of a modeling approach that considers the influence of martensite-austenite interface migration on the kinetics of carbon partitioning. Carbide precipitation is precluded in the model, and three different assumptions about interface mobility are considered, ranging from a completely immobile interface to the relatively high mobility of an incoherent ferrite-austenite interface. Simulations indicate that different interface mobilities lead to profound differences in the evolution of microstructure that is predicted during annealing.

  14. Energy Mobility Network : system design, interfaces, and future interactions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cheung, Natalie Wen Yua

    2011-01-01

    The Energy Mobility Network is a mobile, networked energy production, consumption and sharing system that is designed to motivate users to be more aware of their energy consumption. In particular, the system provides a ...

  15. NeuroPhone: Brain-Mobile Phone Interface using a Wireless EEG Headset

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Campbell, Andrew T.

    NeuroPhone: Brain-Mobile Phone Interface using a Wireless EEG Headset Andrew T. Campbell, Tanzeem electroencephalo- graphy (EEG) headsets. We demonstrate a brain-controlled address book dialing app, which works on similar princi- ples to P300-speller brain-computer interfaces: the phone flashes a sequence of photos

  16. Subtle, intimate interfaces for mobile human computer interaction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Costanza, Enrico

    2006-01-01

    The mobile phone is always carried with the user and is always active: it is a very personal device. It fosters and satisfies a need to be constantly connected to one's significant other, friends or business partners. At ...

  17. Mobile and Physical User Interfaces for NFC-based Mobile Interaction with Multiple Tags

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to evaluate the allocation of application features and UI elements to mobile devices and tagged objects lives, its technologies affect the way we access and use information. Mobile devices can be used pictures of visual markers with their mobile devices [2]. Tagged objects like posters, leaflets

  18. Intuitive Application-specific User Interfaces for Mobile Stefan Winkler

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Winkler, Stefan

    phones with built-in cameras, namely, a car-racing game and a map navigation application. These user@nus.edu.sg Interactive Multimedia Lab Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering National University of Singapore in the wallet or in a mini-compartment inside the phone's car- rying case. The interfaces we built depend only

  19. Interface Mobilities for Low-Noise Design of Structure-Borne Sound Sources

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berlin,Technische Universität

    Interface Mobilities for Low-Noise Design of Structure-Borne Sound Sources Hannes A. Bonhoff and approaches for low-noise design of structure-borne sound sources are yet available. The concept of source of structure-borne sound with single-point coupling to receiver structures. This concept offers

  20. Power-Saving Color Transformation of Mobile Graphical User Interfaces on OLED-based Displays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhong, Lin

    , Houston, TX 77025 {dongmian, ykc1,lzhong}@rice.edu ABSTRACT Emerging organic light-emitting diode (OLED of the display content or GUI design [1]. In contrast, emerging organic light-emitting diode (OLEDPower-Saving Color Transformation of Mobile Graphical User Interfaces on OLED-based Displays Mian

  1. CHI 2005 PAPERS: Affect and Intimacy April 27 Portland, Oregon, USA Toward Subtle Intimate Interfaces for Mobile Devices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lawrie, Dawn J.

    Interfaces for Mobile Devices Using an EMG Controller Enrico Costanza1,2 , Samuel A. Inverso1 , Rebecca Allen 02139, USA enrico@media.mit.edu ABSTRACT Using a mobile device in a social context should not cause embarrassment and disruption to the immediate environment. Interaction with mobile and wearable devices needs

  2. Revelation on Demand Nicolas Anciaux

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    is willing to reveal the aggregate response (according to his company's policy) to the customer dataRevelation on Demand Nicolas Anciaux 1 · Mehdi Benzine1,2 · Luc Bouganim1 · Philippe Pucheral1 time to support epidemiological studies. In these and many other situations, aggregate data or partial

  3. On-demand data broadcasting 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kothandaraman, Kannan

    1998-01-01

    related to on-demand data broadcasting. We look at the problem of data broadcasting in an environment where clients make explicit requests to the server. The server broadcasts requested data items to all the clients, including those who have not requested...

  4. Precision On Demand: An Improvement in Probabilistic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Precision On Demand: An Improvement in Probabilistic Hashing Igor Melatti, Robert Palmer approach Precision on Demand or POD). #12;This paper provides a scientific evaluation of the pros and cons time likely to increase by a factor of 1.8 or less. #12;Precision On Demand: An Improvement

  5. Heap Assumptions on Demand Andreas Podelski1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wies, Thomas

    Heap Assumptions on Demand Andreas Podelski1 , Andrey Rybalchenko2 , and Thomas Wies1 1 University checker and shape analysis. The shape analysis pro- duces heap assumptions on demand to eliminate.e., it applies shape analysis on demand. The shape analysis produces a heap assumption, which is an assertion

  6. Precision On Demand: An Improvement in Probabilistic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Precision On Demand: An Improvement in Probabilistic Hashing Igor Melatti, Robert Palmer approach Precision on Demand or POD). #12; This paper provides a scientific evaluation of the pros and cons time likely to increase by a factor of 1.8 or less. #12; Precision On Demand: An Improvement

  7. Resolution on Demand Bianka BuschbeckWolf

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reyle, Uwe

    Resolution on Demand Bianka Buschbeck­Wolf Universit¨at Stuttgart Report 196 May 1997 #12; May 1997¨ur den Inhalt dieser Arbeit liegt bei der Autorin. #12; Resolution on Demand Abstract Following the strategy of resolution on demand, the transfer component triggers inference processes in analysis

  8. On Demand Surveillance Service in Vehicular Cloud

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weng, Jui-Ting

    2013-01-01

    Toward Vehicular Service Cloud . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4.2 Open Mobile Cloud Requirement . . . . .3.1 Mobile Cloud

  9. Using J2EE Web Services for the Implementation of an Application on Demand Portal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Using J2EE Web Services for the Implementation of an Application on Demand Portal Ch. Bouras@cti.gr Abstract This paper describes the design of the ASP-NG portal, which is a portal for providing the user with the necessary interface in order to access an Application on Demand (AoD) service. The ASP-NG portal

  10. Commercial Mobile Alerting System (CMAS) CMAS is the system interface to the Wireless Emergency Alerts (WEA) service that wireless carriers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meyers, Steven D.

    Commercial Mobile Alerting System (CMAS) CMAS is the system interface to the Wireless Emergency Alerts (WEA) service that wireless carriers rolled out across the nation in June 2012. CMAS is a partnership between FEMA, the Federal Communications Commission (FCC), and wireless carriers, to enhance

  11. A Multimodal Home Entertainment Interface via a Mobile Device Alexander Gruenstein Bo-June (Paul) Hsu James Glass Stephanie Seneff

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , such a speech browsing ca- pability is useful both in the living room and away from home. Thus, a natural wayA Multimodal Home Entertainment Interface via a Mobile Device Alexander Gruenstein Bo-June (Paul://www.sls.csail.mit.edu/ Abstract We describe a multimodal dialogue system for interacting with a home entertainment center via

  12. THE PERFORMANCE OF QUEUING THEORETIC VIDEO ON DEMAND ALGORITHMS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    THE PERFORMANCE OF QUEUING THEORETIC VIDEO ON DEMAND ALGORITHMS BOURAS C.(1)(2), GAROFALAKIS J.(1,Greece KEYWORDS Video On Demand (VOD), Performance of Algorithms, Simulation, Modeling ABSTRACT Video On Demand on state-of-the-art technologies is Video On Demand (VOD). A Video On Demand System provides on demand

  13. On Demand Surveillance Service in Vehicular Cloud

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weng, Jui-Ting

    2013-01-01

    as the combination of cloud com- puting and mobile devices.optimal bit rates for mobile devices to save energy. [48]The mobile devices are considered as clients and sensors,

  14. Lateral Mobility of Amphiphiles Adsorbed at the Air/Water Interface

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carlson, Eric David

    2009-01-01

    Liquid/Vapor Interface of Water. J. Phys. Chem. 1996 , 100,Pratt, L. R. Molecular Dynamics of the Water Liquid/VaporInterface of Water. J. Phys. Chem. 1987 , 91, 4873–4878 21.

  15. Implementation Proposal for the National Action Plan on Demand...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Implementation Proposal for the National Action Plan on Demand Response - July 2011 Implementation Proposal for the National Action Plan on Demand Response - July 2011 Report to...

  16. Control on Demand Customizing Control for Each Application

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bhattacharjee, Samrat "Bobby"

    1 Control on Demand Customizing Control for Each Application Abstract Control on demand significant progress has been made in integrated network transport now offering ``bandwidth on demand control needs. In this paradigm paper we propose an architecture for control on demand. We de­ fine

  17. DESIGN OF A SCALABLE VIDEO ON DEMAND ARCHITECTURE Philip Machanick

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Machanick, Philip

    DESIGN OF A SCALABLE VIDEO ON DEMAND ARCHITECTURE Philip Machanick Department of Computer Science Architecture for Video on Demand) approach to video on demand exploits the fact that end-user latency goals information across multiple users. Unlike other video on demand (VoD) approaches, SAVoD broadcasts a fixed

  18. Intuitive User Interface for Mobile Devices Based on Visual Motion Detection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Winkler, Stefan

    's self-motion. We developed a car-racing game to test our new interface, and we conducted a user study-based user interface is a car-racing game, which involves standard controls for steering and speed. We define, Karthik Rangaswamy, ZhiYing Zhou Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering National University

  19. A multimodal speech interface for dynamic creation and retrieval of geographical landmarks on a mobile device

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dyar, Samuel S

    2010-01-01

    As mobile devices become more powerful, researchers look to develop innovative applications that use new and effective means of input. Furthermore, developers must exploit the device's many capabilities (GPS, camera, touch ...

  20. A Receiver-Centric Transport Protocol for Mobile Hosts with Heterogeneous Wireless Interfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sivakumar, Raghupathy

    connection; (ii) seam- less server migration capability during handoffs; and (iii) effective bandwidth, multi-homed mobile host, seam- less handoff, server migration, bandwidth aggregation 1. INTRODUCTION packet data networks. While we present in-depth discussions in Section 2, our arguments are based

  1. Caltech Library Publish on Demand Service Copyright Agreement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Winfree, Erik

    Caltech Library Publish on Demand Service Copyright Agreement Please read and sign the following agreement between you ("Author") and Caltech Library Publish on Demand Service ("PODS") for your book ("Work

  2. A National Forum on Demand Response: Results on What Remains...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Forum on Demand Response: Results on What Remains to Be Done to Achieve Its Potential - Cost-Effectiveness Working Group A National Forum on Demand Response: Results on What...

  3. Comparing VM-Placement Algorithms for On-Demand Clouds

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Comparing VM-Placement Algorithms for On-Demand Clouds Feb. 14, 2012 NIST Presentation to LSN Kevin. Dabrowski, "Comparing VM-Placement Algorithms for On-Demand Clouds", Proceedings of IEEE CloudCom 2011, Nov VM- placement algorithms through simulation of large, on-demand infrastructure clouds. Demonstrate

  4. Competitive Video on Demand Schedulers for Popular Movies y

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Competitive Video on Demand Schedulers for Popular Movies y Christos Bouras Vaggelis Kapoulas the online video on demand problem, namely having to accept or reject a request for a movie without knowing on demand, online scheduling algorithm, competitive ratio, probability distribution. A previous version

  5. Trusted Virtual Containers on Demand Katelin A. Bailey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Sean W.

    An Analysis of Chaining Protocols for Video-on-Demand Jehan-François Pâris Department of Computer@ucu.edu.uy Abstract--Chaining protocols for video-on-demand require each client to forward the video data it receives on demand by involving clients in the video distribution process. Chaining organizes all clients watching

  6. Peer-Assisted On-Demand Streaming: Characterizing Demands and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Baochun

    Peer-Assisted On-Demand Streaming: Characterizing Demands and Optimizing Supplies Fangming Liu Abstract--Nowadays, there has been significant deployment of peer-assisted on-demand streaming services over the Internet. Two of the most unique and salient features in a peer-assisted on-demand streaming

  7. Authoring on Demand: Natural Language Generation in Hypertext Documents

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dale, Robert

    Trusted Virtual Containers on Demand Katelin A. Bailey University of Washington kabailey on demand, and uses DTrace and other tools to extend attestation to more nuanced runtime properties. We. · Flexibility. On demand from remote clients, our ker- nel creates containers according to a suite of trust at

  8. ON DEMAND DELIVERY OF MULTIMEDIA DOCUMENTS USING DISTRIBUTED OBJECTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ON DEMAND DELIVERY OF MULTIMEDIA DOCUMENTS USING DISTRIBUTED OBJECTS C. BOURAS1,2 V. OUZOUNIS3 P propose an architecture for the on- demand delivery of multimedia documents over broadband networks using and the on-demand delivery of them should be addressed. These policies should support flexible, modular

  9. An On-Demand Bluetooth Scatternet Formation Algorithm ?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pagani, Elena

    LEMP: Lightweight Efficient Multicast Protocol for Video on Demand Panayotis Fouliras, Spiros an analysis and simulation results, showing that LEMP is near optimum in terms of performance. Keywords Video-on-Demand not allowed them to achieve widespread use. Video-on-Demand (VoD) is one such service, composed of at least

  10. Laterally Mobile, Functionalized Self-Assembled Monolayers at the Fluorous?Aqueous Interface in a Plug-Based Microfluidic System: Characterization and Testing with Membrane Protein Crystallization

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kreutz, Jason E.; Li, Liang; Roach, L. Spencer; Hatakeyama, Takuji; Ismagilov, Rustem F.; (UC)

    2009-11-04

    This paper describes a method to generate functionalizable, mobile self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) in plug-based microfluidics. Control of interfaces is advancing studies of biological interfaces, heterogeneous reactions, and nanotechnology. SAMs have been useful for such studies, but they are not laterally mobile. Lipid-based methods, though mobile, are not easily amenable to setting up the hundreds of experiments necessary for crystallization screening. Here we demonstrate a method, complementary to current SAM and lipid methods, for rapidly generating mobile, functionalized SAMs. This method relies on plugs, droplets surrounded by a fluorous carrier fluid, to rapidly explore chemical space. Specifically, we implemented his-tag binding chemistry to design a new fluorinated amphiphile, RfNTA, using an improved one-step synthesis of RfOEG under Mitsunobu conditions. RfNTA introduces specific binding of protein at the fluorous-aqueous interface, which concentrates and orients proteins at the interface, even in the presence of other surfactants. We then applied this approach to the crystallization of a his-tagged membrane protein, Reaction Center from Rhodobacter sphaeroides, performed 2400 crystallization trials, and showed that this approach can increase the range of crystal-producing conditions, the success rate at a given condition, the rate of nucleation, and the quality of the crystal formed.

  11. Mobile interfaces: Liquids as a perfect structural material for multifunctional, antifouling surfaces

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Grinthal, Alison; Aizenberg, Joanna

    2013-10-14

    Life creates some of its most robust, extreme surface materials not from solids but from liquids: a purely liquid interface, stabilized by underlying nanotexture, makes carnivorous plant leaves ultraslippery, the eye optically perfect and dirt-resistant, our knees lubricated and pressure-tolerant, and insect feet reversibly adhesive and shape-adaptive. Novel liquid surfaces based on this idea have recently been shown to display unprecedented omniphobic, self-healing, anti-ice, antifouling, optical, and adaptive properties. In this Perspective, we present a framework and a path forward for developing and designing such liquid surfaces into sophisticated, versatile multifunctional materials. Drawing on concepts from solid materials design andmore »fluid dynamics, we outline how the continuous dynamics, responsiveness, and multiscale patternability of a liquid surface layer can be harnessed to create a wide range of unique, active interfacial functions-able to operate in harsh, changing environments-not achievable with static solids. We discuss how, in partnership with the underlying substrate, the liquid surface can be programmed to adaptively and reversibly reconfigure from a defect-free, molecularly smooth, transparent interface through a range of finely tuned liquid topographies in response to environmental stimuli. In conclusion, with nearly unlimited design possibilities and unmatched interfacial properties, liquid materials-as long-term stable interfaces yet in their fully liquid state-may potentially transform surface design everywhere from medicine to architecture to energy infrastructure.« less

  12. Electrophoretic mobility without charge driven by quadrupolar polarization of the nanoparticle/water interface

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Matyushov, Dmitry V

    2012-01-01

    Quadrupolar polarization of the interfacial water layer, typically found for water at contact with hydrophobic solutes, couples with the uniform external field to produce the force acting on a suspended particle. This force exists even in the absence of a net particle charge and its direction is consistent with an effectively negative surface charge. The surface charge density scales as $R^{-2}$ with the particle radius $R$, and the corresponding contribution to the $\\zeta$-potential scales as $R^{-1}$. The charge density and $\\zeta$-potential are consistent with the values typically reported for oil drops and bubbles in water at $R\\simeq 3-10$ nm, but decay below those values for larger particles. The study indicates that electrophoretic mobility without charge is possible, but is limited to relatively small particles a few nanometers in size.

  13. Sustainable Energy Resources for Consumers (SERC) - On-Demand...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    aimed at Sustainable Energy Resources for Consumers (SERC) grantees, provides information on Monitoring Checklists for the installation of On-Demand Tankless Water Heaters....

  14. National Action Plan on Demand Response, June 2010 | Department...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) is required to develop the National Action Plan on Demand Response (National Action Plan) as outlined in section 529 of the Energy...

  15. Bandwidth on Demand for Inter-Data Center Communication

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greenberg, Albert

    Bandwidth on Demand for Inter-Data Center Communication Ajay Mahimkar, Angela Chiu, Robert replication often involves the transfer of huge data sets over the wide area network and demands high backbone. The proposed GRIPhoN architec- ture is an extension of earlier work [34] and can provide a bandwidth-on-demand

  16. Active Adaptation by Program Delegation in Video on Demand

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nahrstedt, Klara

    Active Adaptation by Program Delegation in Video on Demand Nancy Tran, Klara Nahrstedt \\Lambda to regulate video flow for video on demand. Preliminary results show a viable system which has much greater demand a huge amount of disk space to store the different combinations, while only a few of them are ever

  17. Bolt: On-Demand Infinite Loop Escape in Unmodified Binaries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rinard, Martin

    . Bolt supports an on- demand usage model--a user can attach Bolt to a running application at any point the application has successfully escaped from the loop, Bolt detaches from the application. To support the onBolt: On-Demand Infinite Loop Escape in Unmodified Binaries Michael Kling Sasa Misailovic Michael

  18. Monitoring SERC Technologies: On-Demand Tankless Water Heaters

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    A webinar by Ethan MacCormick, VP for Services to Energy Businesses at Performance Systems Development, about On-Demand Tankless Water Heaters and how to properly monitor the installation.

  19. Illusionist: Transforming Lightweight Cores into Aggressive Cores on Demand

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Torrellas, Josep

    Illusionist: Transforming Lightweight Cores into Aggressive Cores on Demand HPCA-19 February 27;Adapting to Application Demands Number of threads to execute is not constant o Many threads available

  20. On-Demand Generation of Monodisperse Femtoliter Droplets by Shape-Induced Shear

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Collier, Pat [ORNL; Retterer, Scott T [ORNL; Jung, Seung-Yong [ORNL

    2010-01-01

    We describe a method for creating discrete femtoliter-scale water-in-oil droplets on demand, based solely on a geometrically induced reduction in oil/water interfacial area at microfabricated junction orifices. This on-demand generation method is driven by self-shear of droplets due to interfacial tension induced forces resulting from a localized transition in microchannel height. The magnitudes of shear stresses involved appear to be significantly less than the shearing instabilities used to split off daughter droplets from aqueous mother plugs at microfabricated junctions in continuous water-in-oil segmented flows, which implies that this method may be better suited for studying biochemical reactions and reaction kinetics in droplets of decreased volume without loss of chemical reactivity due to redistribution of surfactant density used to passivate the oil/water interface. Predictable droplet generation rates under constant pressure conditions or the gated formation of one, two or more droplets at a time with fixed pressure pulses have been demonstrated in a similar manner to active on-demand droplet generation strategies, but with a simpler system not needing actuation and sensing equipment beyond a pressure regulator.

  1. The design and construction of electronic motor control and network interface hardware for advance concept urban mobility vehicles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Morrissey, Bryan L. (Bryan Lawrence)

    2008-01-01

    Over the past several years, the Smart Cities Group at MIT's Media Lab has engaged in research to develop several advanced concepts for vehicles to improve urban mobility. This research has focused on developing a modular ...

  2. An Availability-on-Demand Mechanism for Datacenters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Langendoen, Koen

    An Availability-on-Demand Mechanism for Datacenters Siqi Shen, Alexandru Iosup, Assaf Israel,danny}@cs.technion.ac.il Google, Mountain View, CA, USA. walfredo@google.com Abstract--Datacenters are at the core of a wide of today's datacenters, the failure of computing resources is a common occurrence that may disrupt

  3. Holographic Measurement of Drop-on-Demand Drops in Flight

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin, G. D.; Castrejon-Pita, J. R.; Hutchings, I. M.

    2011-01-01

    .pdf.txt Content-Type text/plain; charset=UTF-8 G. D. Martin, J. R. Castrejon-Pita and I. M. Hutchings, in Proc 27th Int. Conf. on Digital Printing Technologies, NIP27, Minneapolis, MN, USA, 2011 620-623, 'Holographic Measurement of Drop-on-Demand Drops...

  4. LEVEL BUNDLE METHODS FOR ORACLES WITH ON-DEMAND ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2012-11-25

    feasible set is also compact, some of the new on-demand accuracy methods have the same ...... the last right hand side in the inequality above gives ... Lemma 3.5 relies strongly on the bundle management strategy at Step 5, which for the non-.

  5. Enhancing mobile browsing and reading

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yu, Chen-Hsiang

    Although the web browser has become a standard interface for information access on the Web, the mobile web browser on the smartphone does not hold the same interest to mobile users. A survey with 11 mobile users shows that ...

  6. Tuneable on-demand single-photon source

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Z. H. Peng; J. S. Tsai; O. V. Astafiev

    2015-05-21

    An on-demand single photon source is a key element in a series of prospective quantum technologies and applications. We demonstrate the operation of a tuneable on-demand microwave photon source based on a fully controllable superconducting artificial atom strongly coupled to an open-end transmission line (a 1D half-space). The atom emits a photon upon excitation by a short microwave $\\pi$-pulse applied through a control line weakly coupled to the atom. The emission and control lines are well decoupled from each other, preventing the direct leakage of radiation from the $\\pi$-pulses used for excitation. The estimated efficiency of the source is higher than 75\\% and remains to be about 50\\% or higher over a wide frequency range from 6.7 to 9.1 GHz continuously tuned by an external magnetic field.

  7. On-Demand Based Wireless Resources Trading for Green Communications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cheng, Wenchi; Zhang, Hailin; Wang, Qiang

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of Green Communications is to reduce the energy consumption of the communication system as much as possible without compromising the quality of service (QoS) for users. An effective approach for Green Wireless Communications is On-Demand strategy, which scales power consumption with the volume and location of user demand. Applying the On-Demand Communications model, we propose a novel scheme -- Wireless Resource Trading, which characterizes the trading relationship among different wireless resources for a given number of performance metrics. According to wireless resource trading relationship, different wireless resources can be consumed for the same set of performance metrics. Therefore, to minimize the energy consumption for given performance metrics, we can trade the other type of wireless resources for the energy resource under the demanded performance metrics. Based on the wireless resource trading relationship, we derive the optimal energy-bandwidth and energy-time wireless resource trading ...

  8. Digitisation-on-Demand in Academic Research Libraries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chamberlain, Edmund M.

    2011-10-08

    -1930 78,670 25 19,667 1930-1940 90,576 10 9,057 1940-1950 72,692 6 4,361 1950-1960 118,251 0 0 1960-1970 262,974 0 0 1970-2009 2130,509 0 0 Total 3458,116 19 657,361 Figure 1. Estimations of University of Cambridge holdings within the public... stream_source_info on_demand_report.pdf.txt stream_content_type text/plain stream_size 152424 Content-Encoding UTF-8 stream_name on_demand_report.pdf.txt Content-Type text/plain; charset=UTF-8 1 ARCADIA...

  9. FEMP Presents Its Newest On-Demand eTraining Course on Building...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Presents Its Newest On-Demand eTraining Course on Building Automation Systems FEMP Presents Its Newest On-Demand eTraining Course on Building Automation Systems November 19, 2013 -...

  10. LIMITING THE CLIENT BANDWIDTH OF BROADCASTING PROTOCOLS FOR VIDEOS ON DEMAND

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pâris, Jehan-François

    LIMITING THE CLIENT BANDWIDTH OF BROADCASTING PROTOCOLS FOR VIDEOS ON DEMAND Jehan­François Pâris 1 was supported by the National Science Foundation under grant PO­10152754. KEYWORDS video­on­demand, broadcasting of video­on­ demand services by more efficiently distributing all videos that are simultaneously watched

  11. Predictive Caching for Video on Demand CDNs Bogdan Carbunar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carbunar, Bogdan

    Gestural Interaction on the Steering Wheel ­ Reducing the Visual Demand Tanja Döring1 , Dagmar Kern systems in terms of driver distraction. The main outcome was that driver's visual demand is reduced interfaces, multi-touch, gestural input, driver distraction, user-defined gestures, visual demand ACM

  12. Autonomous Golf Cars for Public Trial of Mobility-on-Demand Service

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frazzoli, Emilio

    We detail the design of autonomous golf cars which were used in public trials in Singapore’s Chinese and Japanese Gardens, for the purpose of raising public awareness and gaining user acceptance of autonomous vehicles. The ...

  13. ChannelCombine Strategies for OnDemand Multicast on Mobile Wireless Networks \\Lambda

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tseng, Yu-Chee

    Engineering National Central University Chung­Li, 32054, Taiwan Abstract This paper considers a communication@csie.ncu.edu.tw. Figure 1. An example of a cellular wireless net­ work for a car showroom. a new dimension of thinking, showroom, convention center, or horse­racing field. See Fig. 1 for an illustration. Users may be equipped

  14. A Time-Slotted On-Demand Routing Protocol for Mobile Ad Hoc Unmanned Vehicle Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hope Forsmann; Robert Hiromoto; John Svoboda

    2007-04-01

    The popularity of UAVs has increased dramatically because of their successful deployment in military operations, their ability to preserve human life, and the continual improvements in wireless communication that serves to increase their capabilities. We believe the usefulness of UAVs would be dramatically increased if formation flight were added to the list of capabilities. Currently, sustained formation flight with a cluster of UAVs has only been achieved with two nodes by the Multi-UAV Testbed at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. (Park, 2004) Formation flight is a complex operation requiring the ability to adjust the flight patterns on the fly and correct for wind gusts, terrain, and differences in node equipment. All of which increases the amount of inner node communication. Since one of the problems with MANET communication is network congestion, we believe a first step towards formation flight can be made through improved inner node communication. We have investigated current communication routing protocols and developed an altered hybrid routing protocol in order to provide communication with less network congestion.

  15. Green mobility Taipei City : with the arrival of mobility-on-demand system with ultra small electric vehicles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chuang, Chih-Chao

    2011-01-01

    Urban form always transforms when new transportation technology is deployed. Urban form and transportation technologies always coevolve. Many new technologies have been developed to solve the problems of greenhouse gas ...

  16. ESnet's On-Demand Bandwidth Reservation Service Wins R&D 100...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    On-Demand Bandwidth Reservation Service Wins R&D 100 Award News & Publications ESnet News Media & Press Publications and Presentations Galleries ESnet Awards and Honors Contact Us...

  17. Ion mobility sensor system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Xu, Jun; Watson, David B.; Whitten, William B.

    2013-01-22

    An ion mobility sensor system including an ion mobility spectrometer and a differential mobility spectrometer coupled to the ion mobility spectrometer. The ion mobility spectrometer has a first chamber having first end and a second end extending along a first direction, and a first electrode system that generates a constant electric field parallel to the first direction. The differential mobility spectrometer includes a second chamber having a third end and a fourth end configured such that a fluid may flow in a second direction from the third end to the fourth end, and a second electrode system that generates an asymmetric electric field within an interior of the second chamber. Additionally, the ion mobility spectrometer and the differential mobility spectrometer form an interface region. Also, the first end and the third end are positioned facing one another so that the constant electric field enters the third end and overlaps the fluid flowing in the second direction.

  18. VideoonDemandVideoonDemandVideoonDemand Video on Demand Testbed

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eleftheriadis, Alexandros

    VideoonDemandVideoonDemandVideoonDemand Columbia's Video on Demand Testbed and Interoperability Experiment Columbia's Video on Demand Testbed and Interoperability Experiment S.-F. Chang and A Columbia UniversityColumbia University www.www.ctrctr..columbiacolumbia..eduedu/advent/advent #12;VideoonDemandVideoonDemandVideoonDemand

  19. VideoonDemandVideoonDemandVideoonDemand Video on Demand Testbed

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eleftheriadis, Alexandros

    #12;VideoonDemandVideoonDemandVideoonDemand Columbia's Video on Demand Testbed and Interoperability Experiment Columbia's Video on Demand Testbed and Interoperability Experiment H.H. KalvaKalva, A.www.eeee..columbiacolumbia..eduedu/advent/advent #12;VideoonDemandVideoonDemandVideoonDemand VoD Testbed ArchitectureVoD Testbed Architecture Video

  20. Risk Management for Video-on-Demand Servers leveraging Demand Forecast

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Baochun

    Risk Management for Video-on-Demand Servers leveraging Demand Forecast Di Niu, Hong Xu, Baochun Li}@eecg.toronto.edu Shuqiao Zhao Multimedia Development Group UUSee, Inc. shuqiao.zhao@gmail.com ABSTRACT Video-on-demand (VoD) servers are usually over-provisioned for peak demands, incurring a low average resource effi- ciency

  1. Accurate dispensing of volatile reagents on demand for chemical reactions in EWOD chips{

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Accurate dispensing of volatile reagents on demand for chemical reactions in EWOD chips{ Huijiang the use of a filler liquid (e.g., oil). These properties pose challenges for delivering controlled volumes are introduced to the chip, independent of time delays between dispensing operations. On-demand dispensing

  2. Implementation and Evaluation of an On-Demand Parameter-Passing Strategy for Reducing Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Wei

    Implementation and Evaluation of an On-Demand Parameter-Passing Strategy for Reducing Energy M Abstract In this paper, we present an energy-aware parameter- passing strategy called on-demand parameter UMIST Manchester M60 1QD, UK W.Zhang CSE Department Penn State University University Park, PA, 16802

  3. Ordinary kriging for on-demand average wind interpolation of in-situ wind sensor data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Middleton, Stuart E.

    1 Ordinary kriging for on-demand average wind interpolation of in-situ wind sensor data Zlatko comes from wind in-situ observation stations in an area approximately 200km by 125km. We provide on-demand average wind interpolation maps. These spatial estimates can then be compared with the results of other

  4. Proceedings of SPIE Vol. 4195: Mobile Robots XV and Telemanipulator and Telepresence Technologies VII, Boston, USA, 5 -8 November, 2000. A Multi Modal Web Interface

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arras, Kai O.

    avoidance and path planning. Modern guidelines for ergonomic interface design like context-sensitive popup was remote controlled in a fully autonomous mode by visitors of the tradeshow using this interface. Keywords to network communication causes difficult control and delayed reaction of the machine and therefore security

  5. Content-Based Routing with On-Demand Multicast Eiko Yoneki and Jean Bacon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cambridge, University of

    Content-Based Routing with On-Demand Multicast Eiko Yoneki and Jean Bacon University of Cambridge Computer Laboratory J J Thomson Avenue Cambridge CB3 0FD, UK {eiko.yoneki, jean.bacon

  6. Polymer Micelles Stabilization on Demand through Reversible Photo-Cross-Linking

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhao, Yue

    Polymer Micelles Stabilization on Demand through Reversible Photo-Cross-Linking Jinqiang Jiang are disintegrated after being administrated in the body due to an extreme dilution to below the critical micelle

  7. ON-DEMAND SERIAL DILUTION USING QUANTIZED NANO/PICOLITER-SCALE DROPLETS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jambovane, Sachin R.; Prost, Spencer A.; Sheen, Allison M.; Magnuson, Jon K.; Kelly, Ryan T.

    2014-10-29

    This paper describes a fully automated droplet-based microfluidic device for on-demand serial dilution that is capable of achieving a dilution ratio of >6000 (concentration ranges from 1 mM to 160nM) over 35 nanoliter-scale droplets. This serial diluter can be applied to high throughput and label-free kinetic assays by integrating with our previously developed on-demand droplet-based microfluidic with mass spectrometry detection.

  8. Distributed MultiInterface Computing with Polyglot R. Lindsay Todd and Ephraim P. Glinert

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bystroff, Chris

    migratory programs (agents), mobile computing, and providing ubiquitous access for all users (in­ cluding: multi­interface environments, distributed computing, mobile computing, ubiquitous access. INTRODUCTIONDistributed Multi­Interface Computing with Polyglot R. Lindsay Todd and Ephraim P. Glinert Computer

  9. Mobile application for utility domains

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tappan, Jacqueline

    This research, a collaboration between MIT and ABB/Ventyx, is focused on the development of a mobile interface for field workers in power repair settings and field service delivery. A Human Systems Engineering (HSE) approach ...

  10. SE-LEGO: Creating Metasearch Engines on Demand Zonghuan Wu, Vijay Raghavan,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meng, Weiyi

    SE-LEGO: Creating Metasearch Engines on Demand Zonghuan Wu, Vijay Raghavan, Chun Du, Komanduru Sai Keywords: Metasearch Engine, Metasearcher, search engine Extended Abstract As a system that provides unified access to multiple existing search systems, a metasearch engine can alleviate ordinary users from

  11. Separating Active and On-Demand Behavior of Embedded Systems into Aspects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Separating Active and On-Demand Behavior of Embedded Systems into Aspects Aleksandra Tesanovi´c1, Pittsburgh, PA, USA hansson@sei.cmu.edu Abstract. Requirements on embedded systems have increased over that time-triggered embedded systems can also respond to events that occur aperiodically. One way of adding

  12. Providing Interactive Functions for Staggered Multicast Near VideoOnDemand Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fei, Zongming

    Providing Interactive Functions for Staggered Multicast Near Video­On­Demand Systems (Extended In this paper we propose a scheme to provide inter­ active functions through active buffer management at the client side for staggered multicast near VOD sys­ tems. The scheme uses client side buffering in a novel

  13. On-Demand Energy Replenishment for Sensor Networks via Wireless Energy Transfer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liang, Weifa

    On-Demand Energy Replenishment for Sensor Networks via Wireless Energy Transfer Wenzheng Xu, Weifa) to replenish energy to sensors in a wireless sensor network so that none of the sensors will run out of its energy, where sensor batteries can be recharged. Specifically, we first propose a flexible on

  14. Multimodal speech interfaces for map-based applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Sean (Sean Y.)

    2010-01-01

    This thesis presents the development of multimodal speech interfaces for mobile and vehicle systems. Multimodal interfaces have been shown to increase input efficiency in comparison with their purely speech or text-based ...

  15. Custom power supply interface for teaching circuit design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Madrigal, Ruben E. (Ruben Esteban)

    2014-01-01

    This thesis discusses the design and implementation of a custom power supply interface for the Pioneer mobile robot used in MIT's 6.01 course, "Introduction to Electrical Engineering and Computer Science." The interface ...

  16. Mobility Apps

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weissman, Dana; Villalobos, Monica

    2012-01-01

    third conference, “Sustainable Mobility & Cities: MarryingSUSTAINABLE CITIES CONFERENCE SERIES: URBAN HOUSING, ECONOMY, AND TRANSIT Mobility

  17. On-demand generation of aqueous two-phase microdroplets with reversible phase transitions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Boreyko, Jonathan B [ORNL; Mruetusatorn, Prachya [ORNL; Retterer, Scott T [ORNL; Collier, Pat [ORNL

    2013-01-01

    Aqueous two-phase systems contained entirely within microdroplets enable a bottom-up approach to mimicking the dynamic microcompartmentation of biomaterial that naturally occurs within the cytoplasm of cells. Here, we demonstrate the on-demand generation of femtolitre aqueous two-phase droplets within a microfluidic oil channel. Gated pressure pulses were used to generate individual, stationary two-phase microdroplets with a well-defined time zero for carrying out controlled and sequential phase transformations over time. Reversible phase transitions between single-phase, two-phase, and core-shell microgel states were obtained via evaporation-induced dehydration and on-demand water rehydration. In contrast to other microfluidic aqueous two-phase droplets, which require continuous flows and high-frequency droplet formation, our system enables the controlled isolation and reversible transformation of a single microdroplet and is expected to be useful for future studies in dynamic microcompartmentation and affinity partitioning.

  18. Hierarchical Storage Systems for OnDemand Video Servers, Chan & Tobagi . Motivation and objective of the research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tobagi, Fouad

    Hierarchical Storage Systems for On­Demand Video Servers, Chan & Tobagi AAAA AAAA AAAA AAAA AAAA and operation of a video server based on a hierarchical storage system . Performance and design issues of the server Overview Hierarchical Storage Systems for On­Demand Video Servers, Chan & Tobagi AAAA AAAA AAAA

  19. Creation, storage, and on-demand release of optical quantum states with a negative Wigner function

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jun-ichi Yoshikawa; Kenzo Makino; Shintaro Kurata; Peter van Loock; Akira Furusawa

    2013-09-13

    Highly nonclassical quantum states of light, characterized by Wigner functions with negative values, have been created so far only in a heralded fashion. In this case, the desired output emerges rarely and randomly from a quantum-state generator. An important example is the heralded production of high-purity single-photon states, typically based on some nonlinear optical interaction. In contrast, on-demand single-photon sources were also reported, exploiting the quantized level structure of matter systems. These sources, however, lead to highly impure output states, composed mostly of vacuum. While such impure states may still exhibit certain single-photon-like features such as anti-bunching, they are not enough nonclassical for advanced quantum information processing. On the other hand, the intrinsic randomness of pure, heralded states can be circumvented by first storing and then releasing them on demand. Here we propose such a controlled release, and we experimentally demonstrate it for heralded single photons. We employ two optical cavities, where the photons are both created and stored inside one cavity, and finally released through a dynamical tuning of the other cavity. We demonstrate storage times of up to 300 ns, while keeping the single-photon purity around 50% after storage. This is the first demonstration of a negative Wigner function at the output of an on-demand photon source or a quantum memory. In principle, our storage system is compatible with all kinds of nonclassical states, including those known to be essential for many advanced quantum information protocols.

  20. Simple, robust and on-demand generation of single and correlated photons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sankar Raman Sathyamoorthy; Andreas Bengtsson; Per Delsing; Göran Johansson

    2015-11-13

    We propose two different setups to generate single photons on demand using an atom in front of a mirror, along with either a beam-splitter or a tunable coupling. We show that photon generation efficiency ~ 99% is straightforward to achieve. The proposed schemes are simple and easily tunable in frequency. The operation is relatively insensitive to dephasing and can be easily extended to generate correlated pairs of photons. They can also in principle be used to generate any photonic qubit in arbitrary wave-packets, making them very attractive for quantum communication applications.

  1. Thermochemical Interface

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Thermochemical Interface PNNL-SA-109025 DATE MARCH 24, 2015 TECHNOLOGY AREA REVIEW: ALGAE DAN ANDERSON DOUG ELLIOTT, ANDY SCHMIDT, KARL ALBRECHT, JON MAGNUSON PACIFIC NORTHWEST...

  2. An AggreGATE Network Abstraction for Mobile Devices Ganesh Ananthanarayanan, David Zats

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley, University of

    An AggreGATE Network Abstraction for Mobile Devices Ganesh Ananthanarayanan, David Zats Motivation Mobile devices increasingly have multiple interfaces (Cellular, Wi-Fi, Bluetooth) Proliferation of mobile decisions at the proxy/mobile device (Power, Cost ($$)) Single mobile device: Uploads to server using proxy

  3. DOE and FERC Jointly Submit Implementation Proposal for The National Action Plan on Demand Response to Congress

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The U.S. Department of Energy and the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) jointly submitted to Congress a required “Implementation Proposal for The National Action Plan on Demand Response.”

  4. Use of Statistical Approach to Design an Optimal Duct System for On-demand Industrial Exhaust Ventilation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Litomisky, A.

    2010-01-01

    This paper elaborates on how to use statistics to calculate optimal parameters (including duct diameters) of energy-efficient industrial ventilation systems. Based on the fan-law, on-demand ventilation can save up to 80% of electricity compared...

  5. Method and apparatus for producing drops using a drop-on-demand dispenser

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Chen, Alvin U. (West Lafayette, IN); Basaran, Osman A. (West Lafayette, IN)

    2003-01-01

    A method and apparatus for dispensing fluid from a drop-on-demand (DOD) fluid dispenser. The method involves withdrawing fluid in the dispenser for a first duration of time, followed by a second duration of time during which the fluid is propelled toward the orifice of the dispenser. Following the period during which the fluid is propelled, there is a second withdrawing of the fluid into the dispenser. The duration of the propelling period is shorter than the duration of either the first withdrawing or the second withdrawing. The propelling of the fluid results in the extension of a small tongue of fluid from the meniscus of the fluid. The second withdrawing of the fluid results in a retraction of the meniscus into the passageway such that only the small tongue of fluid separates and is ejected from the dispenser.

  6. Ubicorder : a mobile interface to sensor networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mittal, Manas

    2008-01-01

    This thesis presents the Ubicorder. The Ubicorder is a location and orientation aware sensor network browsing and interactive visualization system together with in-situ event denition and identification (termed EDITY). The ...

  7. Energy Aware Distributed Speech Recognition for Wireless Mobile Devices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simunic, Tajana

    and contact management applications, navigation, and command and control. Mobile devices are limited1 Energy Aware Distributed Speech Recognition for Wireless Mobile Devices Brian Delaney, Tajana Simunic, Nikil Jayant Abstract-- The use of a voice-user interface for mobile wireless devices has been

  8. Hyperbolic Interfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Luca Giomi

    2012-09-25

    Fluid interfaces, such as soap films, liquid droplets or lipid membranes, are known to give rise to several special geometries, whose complexity and beauty continue to fascinate us, as observers of the natural world, and challenge us as scientists. Here I show that a special class of surfaces of constant negative Gaussian curvature can be obtained in fluid interfaces equipped with an orientational ordered phase. These arise in various soft and biological materials, such as nematic liquid crystals, cytoskeletal assemblies, or hexatic colloidal suspensions. The purely hyperbolic morphology originates from the competition between surface tension, that reduces the area of the interface at the expense of increasing its Gaussian curvature, and the orientational elasticity of the ordered phase, that in turn suffers for the distortion induced by the underlying curvature.

  9. A bright on-demand source of indistinguishable single photons at telecom wavelengths

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Je-Hyung Kim; Tao Cai; Christopher J. K. Richardson; Richard P. Leavitt; Edo Waks

    2015-11-17

    Long-distance quantum communication relies on the ability to efficiently generate and prepare single photons at telecom wavelengths. In many applications these photons must also be indistinguishable such that they exhibit interference on a beamsplitter, which implements effective photon-photon interactions. However, deterministic generation of indistinguishable single photons with high brightness remains a challenging problem. We demonstrate a telecom wavelength source of indistinguishable single photons using an InAs/InP quantum dot in a nanophotonic cavity. The cavity enhances the quantum dot emission, resulting in a nearly Gaussian transverse mode profile with high out-coupling efficiency exceeding 46%, leading to detected photon count rates that would exceed 1.5 million counts per second. We also observe Purcell enhanced spontaneous emission rate as large as 4. Using this source, we generate linearly polarized, high purity single photons at telecom-wavelength and demonstrate the indistinguishable nature of the emission using a two-photon interference measurement. Our results provide a promising approach to generate on-demand indistinguishable single photons at telecom wavelength for applications in quantum networking and quantum communication.

  10. To book an IMAX or Planetarium On Demand screening, contact Group Sales at 866.868.7774, or groupsales@si.edu. Available films are subject to change. IMAX On Demand Film Library

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miller, Scott

    .868.7774, or groupsales@si.edu. Available films are subject to change. IMAX On Demand Film Library Lockheed Martin IMAX to book dates and choice of films is subject to availability. Hubble 3D (2010, G, 43 min.) Hubble 3D about how the airplane has changed the world. Filmed in 18 countries across all 7 continents, it renews

  11. NONLINEAR OPTICS AT INTERFACES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Chenson K.

    2010-01-01

    Surface Plasmons at a Metal-Dielectric Interface . . . .Plasmons at Metal-Dielectric Interfaces . . . . A. GeneralNONLINEAR OPTICS AT INTERFACES Chenson K. Chen (Ph.D.

  12. Requirements for mobile photoware

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ames, Morgan; Eckles, Dean; Naaman, Mor; Spasojevic, Mirjana; House, Nancy

    2010-01-01

    and makers of mobile devices, mobile imaging and sharingmedia captured with a mobile device and shared via Zonetagare beginning to use mobile devices. In this article, we use

  13. On-Demand Node Reclamation and Replacement for Guaranteed Area Coverage in Long-lived Sensor Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Wensheng

    applica- tion in long-term tasks such as structural health monitoring for bridges and tunnels, border and efficient way to guarantee long-term energy supply has persisted as a big challenge. Recently, Tong et alOn-Demand Node Reclamation and Replacement for Guaranteed Area Coverage in Long-lived Sensor

  14. Data Management in Real-Time Systems: a Case of On-Demand Updates in Vehicle Control Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Data Management in Real-Time Systems: a Case of On-Demand Updates in Vehicle Control Systems Thomas option (ODKB) [4] -- decide on necessary updates based on the order data items are read, i.e., bottom and freshness of data they use. At the same time it is important that the re- sources are utilized as efficient

  15. Redox-Responsive, Core-Cross-Linked Micelles Capable of On-Demand, Concurrent Drug Release and Structure Disassembly

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cheng, Jianjun

    Redox-Responsive, Core-Cross-Linked Micelles Capable of On- Demand, Concurrent Drug Release- responsive cleavage of the built-in disulfide bonds, resulting in disruption of the micellar structure release of CPT. These redox-responsive CCL micelles showed enhanced cytotoxicity against human breast

  16. Hierarchical Storage Systems for OnDemand Video Servers \\Lambday ShuengHan Gary Chan Fouad A. Tobagi z

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chan, Shueng-Han Gary

    Hierarchical Storage Systems for On­Demand Video Servers \\Lambday Shueng­Han Gary Chan Fouad A­demand video servers based on hierarchical storage system offer high­capacity and low­cost video storage to be displayed. We have studied the architecture and performance of a hierarchical storage system for an on

  17. Design Considerations for an On-Demand Minimum Energy Routing Protocol for a Wireless Ad Hoc Network

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Timothy X.

    1 Design Considerations for an On-Demand Minimum Energy Routing Protocol for a Wireless Ad Hoc at Boulder Boulder, CO-80309 Abstract--A minimum energy routing protocol reduces the energy con- sumption of energy to get the packets to their destination. This paper identifies the necessary features of an on

  18. 840 JOURNAL OF MICROELECTROMECHANICAL SYSTEMS, VOL. 12, NO. 6, DECEMBER 2003 Electrolyte-Based On-Demand and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Liwei

    ], [9]. Rechargable thin-film microbatteries commonly use solid electrolytes but there manufacturing840 JOURNAL OF MICROELECTROMECHANICAL SYSTEMS, VOL. 12, NO. 6, DECEMBER 2003 Electrolyte-Based On battery based on liquid electrolyte and metal electrodes for on-demand and disposable usages has been

  19. Scalable System Design for Assisted Recall: Leveraging everyday mobile phones and web services

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Donnie; Peterson, Nicolai M; Kim, Joe; Tabrizi, Haleh; Burke, Jeffrey A; Estrin, D

    2007-01-01

    everyday mobile phones and web services Donnie Kim, Nicolaimobile phones and web services we b Pursuing an architecturerepeated images Using web services interface for flexible/

  20. Mobile cinema

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pan, Pengkai, 1972-

    2004-01-01

    This thesis develops techniques and methods that extend the art and craft of storytelling, and in particular enable the creation of mobile cinema. Stories are always constrained by the medium in which they are told and the ...

  1. Reducing 3G energy consumption on mobile devices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deng, Shuo

    2012-01-01

    The 3G wireless interface is a significant contributor to battery drain on mobile devices. This paper describes the design, implementation, and experimental evaluation of methods to reduce the energy consumption of the 3G ...

  2. C2P2: A Peer-to-Peer Network for On-Demand Automobile Information Services Shahram Ghandeharizadeh

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ghandeharizadeh, Shahram

    @usc.edu Bhaskar Krishnamachari Computer Science and Electrical Engineering University of Southern California Los- tinuous media and traffic information to mobile Car-to-Car Peer-to-Peer (C2P2) network of devices. We of cars are equipped with such devices, they can form an effective information network. Such a mobile peer

  3. Approximate description of structure-borne sound sources with continuous line-shaped contact interfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berlin,Technische Universität

    interfaces Sebastian Mathiowetz1 , Hannes A. Bonhoff Institute of Fluid Mechanics and Engineering Acoustics-shaped contact interfaces by means of discretization. In this work the accuracy of the single equivalent approximation [1] and the interface mobility method [2] to be expected with regard to power transmission

  4. Web Browser Interface (WBUI)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    OSCARS and Future Tech OSCARS Standard and Open Grid Forum OSCARS Developers Community Web Browser Interface (WBUI) Web Service Interface (API) Read More... Fasterdata IPv6...

  5. Web Service Interface (API)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    OSCARS and Future Tech OSCARS Standard and Open Grid Forum OSCARS Developers Community Web Browser Interface (WBUI) Web Service Interface (API) Read More... Fasterdata IPv6...

  6. 5G Network Architecture and the Future Mobile Internet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garfunkel, Eric

    Vision Faster radio ~Gbps Low-latency wireless access ~ms Dynamic spectrum, multiple radio access Internet Architecture LTE w/FIA interface WiFi w/FIA interface Standard FIA Router FIA Distributed Control Internet Architecture (FIA) MobilityFirst Project Wireless Technology Trend "5G" Internet Technology Trend

  7. The Hartree Centre's on-demand high performance computing (HPC) service, enCORE, managed by channel partners OCF, has enabled

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The Hartree Centre's on-demand high performance computing (HPC) service, enCORE, managed by channel that create insights and value using high performance computing, big data analytics, simulation and modelling

  8. Water Dynamics at Rough Interfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Markus Rosenstihl; Kerstin Kämpf; Felix Klameth; Matthias Sattig; Michael Vogel

    2014-07-21

    We use molecular dynamics computer simulations and nuclear magnetic resonance experiments to investigate the dynamics of water at interfaces of molecular roughness and low mobility. We find that, when approaching such interfaces, the structural relaxation of water, i.e., the $\\alpha$ process, slows down even when specific attractive interactions are absent. This prominent effect is accompanied by a smooth transition from Vogel to Arrhenius temperature dependence and by a growing importance of jump events. Consistently, at protein surfaces, deviations from Arrhenius behavior are weak when free water does not exist. Furthermore, in nanoporous silica, a dynamic crossover of liquid water occurs when a fraction of solid water forms near 225 K and, hence, the liquid dynamics changes from bulk-like to interface-dominated. At sufficiently low temperatures, water exhibits a quasi-universal $\\beta$ process, which is characterized by an activation energy of $E_a\\!=\\!0.5$ eV and involves anisotropic reorientation about large angles. As a consequence of its large amplitude, the faster $\\beta$ process destroys essentially all orientational correlation, rendering observation of a possible slower $\\alpha$ process difficult in standard experiments. Nevertheless, we find indications for the existence of structural relaxation down to a glass transition of interfacial water near 185 K. Hydrated proteins show a highly restricted backbone motion with an amplitude, which decreases upon cooling and vanishes at comparable temperatures, providing evidence for a high relevance of water rearrangements in the hydration shell for secondary protein relaxations.

  9. Controlled Dispensing and Mixing of Pico- to Nanoliter Volumes Using On-Demand Droplet-Based Microfluidics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sun, Xuefei; Tang, Keqi; Smith, Richard D.; Kelly, Ryan T.

    2013-07-08

    We present an integrated droplet-on-demand microfluidic platform for dispensing, mixing, incubating, extracting and analyzing by mass spectrometry pico- to nanoliter sized droplets. Droplet generation is accomplished using computer-controlled pneumatic valves. Controlled actuation of valves for different aqueous streams enables controlled dosing and rapid mixing of reagents within droplets in the droplet generation area or in a region with widening channel cross-section. Following incubation, which takes place while droplets travel in the oil stream, the droplet contents are extracted to an aqueous channel for subsequent ionization at an integrated nanoelectrospray emitter. As an initial demonstration of the platform, rapid enzymatic digestions of a model protein are performed in droplets and detected on-line by nanoelectrospray ionization mass spectrometry.

  10. Mobile Facility

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefieldSulfateSciTechtail.Theory ofDid you notHeatMaRIEdioxide capture |GE PutsgovSitesMobile Facility AMF

  11. Mobile Resources

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformationJessework uses concrete7 AssessmentBusinessAlternative Fueling StationMobile

  12. NONLINEAR OPTICS AT INTERFACES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Chenson K.

    2010-01-01

    N. Bloembergen, Nonlinear Optics (W. A. Benjamin, 1977) p.Research Division NONLINEAR OPTICS AT INTERFACES Chenson K.ED LBL-12084 NONLINEAR OPTICS AT INTERFACES Chenson K. Chen

  13. Reaction Dynamics at Liquid Interfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Benjamin, Ilan

    2015-01-01

    dielectric semiconductor-liquid interfaces. J. Phys. Chem.rates across liquid-liquid interfaces. J. Phys. Chem.rates across liquid-liquid interfaces. 2. Relationships and

  14. Selecting and Applying Interfacings 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2006-05-01

    provides some ?give? to garment pieces. Woven interfacing in the appropriate weight and cut on the bias can be used on knits to prevent stretching. Interfacings containing wool can be shaped and molded with steam. Nonwoven interfacings are usually made... cutting out the garment.) Surface problems, such as bubbling, show up when the interfacing and garment fabric have incompat- ible shrinkage. Select a method of preshrinking that avoids distorting the fabric or fusing compound. Common methods...

  15. Quantum interfaces Karl Svozil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Svozil, Karl

    Quantum interfaces Karl Svozil Institute for Theoretical Physics, Vienna University of Technology they consider to be objects. The cartesian cut or, in modern terminology, the interface mediating this exchange the necessary conceptual means. An attempt is made to formalize the interface, in particular the quantum

  16. Conduction at a ferroelectric interface

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Marshall, Matthew S. J.; Malashevich, Andrei; Disa, Ankit S.; Han, Myung-Guen; Chen, Hanghui; Zhu, Yimei; Ismail-Beigi, Sohrab; Walker, Frederick J.; Ahn, Charles H.

    2014-11-05

    Typical logic elements utilizing the field effect rely on the change in carrier concentration due to the field in the channel region of the device. Ferroelectric-field-effect devices provide a nonvolatile version of this effect due to the stable polarization order parameter in the ferroelectric. In this work, we describe an oxide/ oxide ferroelectric heterostructure device based on (001)-oriented PbZr??.?Ti?.?O?-LaNiO? where the dominant change in conductivity is a result of a significant mobility change in the interfacial channel region. The effect is confined to a few atomic layers at the interface and is reversible by switching the ferroelectric polarization. More interestingly, in one polarization state, the field effect induces a 1.7-eV shift of the interfacial bands to create a new conducting channel in the interfacial PbO layer of the ferroelectric.

  17. Conduction at a ferroelectric interface

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Marshall, Matthew S. J.; Malashevich, Andrei; Disa, Ankit S.; Han, Myung -Geun; Chen, Hanghui; Zhu, Yimei; Ismail-Beigi, Sohrab; Walker, Frederick J.; Ahn, Charles H.

    2014-11-05

    Typical logic elements utilizing the field effect rely on the change in carrier concentration due to the field in the channel region of the device. Ferroelectric-field-effect devices provide a nonvolatile version of this effect due to the stable polarization order parameter in the ferroelectric. In this study, we describe an oxide/oxide ferroelectric heterostructure device based on (001)-oriented PbZr??.?Ti?.?O?-LaNiO? where the dominant change in conductivity is a result of a significant mobility change in the interfacial channel region. The effect is confined to a few atomic layers at the interface and is reversible by switching the ferroelectric polarization. More interestingly, inmore »one polarization state, the field effect induces a 1.7 eV shift of the interfacial bands to create a new conducting channel in the interfacial PbO layer of the ferroelectric.« less

  18. Conduction at a ferroelectric interface

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Marshall, Matthew S. J. [Yale Univ., New Haven, CT (United States); Malashevich, Andrei [Yale Univ., New Haven, CT (United States); Disa, Ankit S. [Yale Univ., New Haven, CT (United States); Han, Myung-Guen [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Chen, Hanghui [Yale Univ., New Haven, CT (United States); Zhu, Yimei [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Ismail-Beigi, Sohrab [Yale Univ., New Haven, CT (United States); Walker, Frederick J. [Yale Univ., New Haven, CT (United States); Ahn, Charles H. [Yale Univ., New Haven, CT (United States);

    2014-11-01

    Typical logic elements utilizing the field effect rely on the change in carrier concentration due to the field in the channel region of the device. Ferroelectric-field-effect devices provide a nonvolatile version of this effect due to the stable polarization order parameter in the ferroelectric. In this work, we describe an oxide/ oxide ferroelectric heterostructure device based on (001)-oriented PbZr??.?Ti?.?O?-LaNiO? where the dominant change in conductivity is a result of a significant mobility change in the interfacial channel region. The effect is confined to a few atomic layers at the interface and is reversible by switching the ferroelectric polarization. More interestingly, in one polarization state, the field effect induces a 1.7-eV shift of the interfacial bands to create a new conducting channel in the interfacial PbO layer of the ferroelectric.

  19. Cooperating mobile robots

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Harrington, John J.; Eskridge, Steven E.; Hurtado, John E.; Byrne, Raymond H.

    2004-02-03

    A miniature mobile robot provides a relatively inexpensive mobile robot. A mobile robot for searching an area provides a way for multiple mobile robots in cooperating teams. A robotic system with a team of mobile robots communicating information among each other provides a way to locate a source in cooperation. A mobile robot with a sensor, a communication system, and a processor, provides a way to execute a strategy for searching an area.

  20. A Weighted Interference Estimation Scheme for Interface Switching Wireless Mesh Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . A WMN is a collection of stationary wireless mesh routers and mobile mesh clients. Wireless mesh routers mesh routers via traditional Ethernet or wireless connections. Through multi-hop wireless relay, mobileA Weighted Interference Estimation Scheme for Interface Switching Wireless Mesh Networks Yunxia

  1. Image Processing and Interface for Retinal Visual Wentai Liu1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arizona, University of

    Image Processing and Interface for Retinal Visual Prostheses Wentai Liu1 , Wolfgang Fink2 , Mark of pixels/electrodes of a retinal implant may restore low-resolution vision for unaided mobility and large print reading. We describe the real-time application of image processing techniques such as contrast

  2. Diffusion between evolving interfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Janne Juntunen; Juha Merikoski

    2010-11-19

    Diffusion in an evolving environment is studied by continuos-time Monte Carlo simulations. Diffusion is modelled by continuos-time random walkers on a lattice, in a dynamic environment provided by bubbles between two one-dimensional interfaces driven symmetrically towards each other. For one-dimensional random walkers constrained by the interfaces, the bubble size distribution domi- nates diffusion. For two-dimensional random walkers, it is also controlled by the topography and dynamics of the interfaces. The results of the one-dimensional case are recovered in the limit where the interfaces are strongly driven. Even with simple hard-core repulsion between the interfaces and the particles, diffusion is found to depend strongly on the details of the dynamical rules of particles close to the interfaces. Article reference: Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter 22, 465402 (2010).

  3. IEEE International Conference on Dielectric Liquids (ICDL-2008), Poitiers, June 30-July 4, 2008 Drop-on-demand Extraction from a Water Meniscus by

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Drop-on-demand Extraction from a Water Meniscus by a High Field Pulse P. Atten, A. Ouiguini, J. Raisin of a small drop electrically neutral. The experimental results of water drops extraction in oil are presented, France Abstract- As a part of a study of electrocoalescence of water droplets in oil, the controlled

  4. Development of a drop-on-demand inkjet system for stroboscopic SAXS/WAXS experiments tel-00446582,version1-13Jan2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Development of a drop-on-demand inkjet system for stroboscopic SAXS/WAXS experiments 1 FOURIER SAXS/WAXS experiments 2 The cover picture rapresents two inkjet heads working at a frequency of 2k for stroboscopic SAXS/WAXS experiments 3 FOURIER tel-00446582,version1-13Jan2010 #12

  5. Database management support for a news-on-demand application M. Tamer zsu, Duane Szafron, Ghada El-Medani, Sherine El-Medani,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Szafron, Duane

    systems (DBMS) for this kind of application. First, multimedia systems can benefit from standard DBMS, requiring multiple servers to satisfy their storage requirements. The well-developed distributed DBMS of a DBMS that supports a distributed news-on-demand application. This DBMS is part of the larger Broadband

  6. Brain-Computer Interfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aggarwal, Khushbu

    2009-01-01

    I \\ November 16, 2008). CNN. ’Brain’ in a dish ?ies ?ightREFERENCES Adams, Ray. Brain Computer Interfaces: Psychologyaccessed Biever, Celeste. Brain cells in a dish ?y ?ghter

  7. Location Management for Mobile Devices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wilde, Erik

    2008-01-01

    general, and wireless and mobile devices in particular. Thelocation-enabled mobile devices and location-based services.information from mobile devices and making it available to

  8. Transportation Storage Interface | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Storage Interface Transportation Storage Interface Regulation of Future Extended Storage and Transportation. Transportation Storage Interface More Documents & Publications Gap...

  9. Emergent Phenomena at Complex Oxide Interfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yu, Pu

    2011-01-01

    across the polar interfaces of ferroelectric het-films . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Interface control of bulkdi?erent interfaces. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

  10. Cooperative proxies: Optimally trading energy and quality of service in mobile devices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , and future generations of these technologies seems indispensable. Seamless mobility is supported in the device within different layers: hardware and firm- ware (interface card, battery technology), but alsoCooperative proxies: Optimally trading energy and quality of service in mobile devices Aruna Prem

  11. SWAMI: An Autonomous Mobile Robot for Inspection of Nuclear Waste Storage Facilities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stephens, Larry M.

    SWAMI: An Autonomous Mobile Robot for Inspection of Nuclear Waste Storage Facilities Ron Fulbright Inspector (SWAMI) is a prototype mobile robot designed to perform autonomous inspection of nuclear waste user interface building tool called UIM/X. Introduction Safe disposal of nuclear waste is a difficult

  12. “Cute” displays: Developing an Emotional Bond with Your Mobile Interface

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rousi, Rebekah

    2009-01-01

    development. Applied Ergonomics. 33. 289–294. [13] Cheok, A.Engineering, or Kansei Ergonomics, is a sphere of user-

  13. Interface Lessons for Fully and Semi-Autonomous Mobile Robots

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Steinfeld, Aaron

    . However a later study comparing head- mounted displays with periscopes in an armored vehicle resulted

  14. A SOCIAL MESSAGING INTERFACE FOR LOCATION AWARE MOBILE INTERACTION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karahalios, Karrie G.

    and inspired my research and most importantly became a close friend. I feel extremely lucky to have worked importantly, I want to express my deepest gratitude to my parents, my younger brother Monu, and my friends Abhijeet, Nishit and Cynthia. They have constantly wanted the best for me and made sure that the most

  15. University of Newcastle upon Tyne Mobile Devices in Crossmodal Interfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Newcastle upon Tyne, University of

    in the construction of CROSSFLOW, a crossmodal ambient display prototype for indoor navigation, and demonstrate a significant increase in the performance of users navigating with CROSSFLOW in contrast to their navigation the exploitation of aspects of crossmodal cognition. We utilize this framework in the construction of CROSSFLOW

  16. On Effectively Exploiting Multiple Wireless Interfaces in Mobile Hosts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sivakumar, Raghupathy

    the high-bandwidth one is temporarily down · Relation to TCP: blackouts Impact from blackout ­ Blackout-start blackout 1V. Bychkovsky, B. Hull, A. Miu, H. Balakrishnan, and S. Madden, "A measurement study of vehicular internet access using in situ wi-fi networks," Mobicom `06. #12;10 Solution 2: Proxying-blackout

  17. Perceptual and Context Aware Interfaces on Mobile Devices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Jingtao

    2010-01-01

    on Handheld and Ubiquitous Computing, pages 157–171, London,Location systems for ubiquitous computing. Computer, 34(8):model for location in ubiquitous computing. In WMCSA ’02:

  18. “Cute” displays: Developing an Emotional Bond with Your Mobile Interface

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rousi, Rebekah

    2009-01-01

    Conference 2004. University of Split, Croatia, DOI= http://Conference 2004. University of Split, Croatia, DOI= http://

  19. Touch-Optimised Mobile Interface for Invenio Digital Library

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tapparel, Yannick

    Invenio is free software platform for digital libraries and document repositories on the web. Invenio was originally developed at CERN to power its scientific document server containing about 1 million of articles, books, photos, videos, and more.\

  20. Reaction Dynamics at Liquid Interfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Benjamin, Ilan

    2015-01-01

    Specific ion effects at the air/water interface. Chem. Rev.Diehl A. 2009. Ions at the air-water interface: An end to aequilibria of Eosin B at the air/water interface. Langmuir

  1. Mobile Proactive secret sharing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schultz, David Andrew

    2007-01-01

    This thesis describes mobile proactive secret sharing (MPSS), an extension of proactive secret sharing. Mobile proactive secret sharing is much more flexible than proactive secret sharing in terms of group membership: ...

  2. Tandem mobile robot system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Buttz, James H. (Albuquerque, NM); Shirey, David L. (Albuquerque, NM); Hayward, David R. (Albuquerque, NM)

    2003-01-01

    A robotic vehicle system for terrain navigation mobility provides a way to climb stairs, cross crevices, and navigate across difficult terrain by coupling two or more mobile robots with a coupling device and controlling the robots cooperatively in tandem.

  3. Keeping Mobile Robots Connected

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lynch, Nancy

    2009-06-17

    Designing robust algorithms for mobile agents with reliable communication is difficult due to the distributed nature of computation, in mobile ad hoc networks (MANETs) the matter is exacerbated by the need to ensure ...

  4. Roughness of the SiC/SiO{sub 2} vicinal interface and atomic structure of the transition layers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Liu, Peizhi; Li, Guoliang; Duscher, Gerd, E-mail: gduscher@utk.edu [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee 37996 (United States); Sharma, Yogesh K.; Ahyi, Ayayi C.; Isaacs-Smith, Tamara; Williams, John R.; Dhar, Sarit [Department of Physics, Auburn University, Auburn, Alabama 36849 (United States)

    2014-11-01

    The SiC/SiO{sub 2} interface is generally considered to be the cause for the reduced electron mobility of SiC power devices. Previous studies have shown a correlation between the mobility and the transition layer width at the SiC/SiO{sub 2} interface. The authors investigated this interface with atomic resolution Z-contrast imaging and electron energy-loss spectroscopy, and discovered that this transition region was due to the roughness of the vicinal interface. The roughness of a vicinal interface consisted of atomic steps and facets deviating from the ideal off-axis cut plane. The authors conclude that this roughness is limiting the mobility in the channels of SiC MOSFETs.

  5. Mobile Technology Management

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    2014-05-15

    The order establishes requirements, assigns responsibilities, and provides guidance for federal mobile technology management and employee use of both government furnished and personally-owned mobile devices within DOE and NNSA. Establishes requirements for use of User Agreements to govern mobile devices used for official duties. Does not cancel other directives.

  6. Viscoelasticity of stepped interfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Demkowicz, Michael J.

    Using molecular dynamics modeling, we show that interfaces in sputter deposited Cu-Nb superlattices exhibit time-dependent elasticity, i.e., viscoelasticity, under shear loading. In the high temperature and small strain ...

  7. Tactile Feedback Can Assist Vision During Mobile Interactions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hayward, Vincent

    Mobile Interaction, Tactile Feedback ACM Classification Keywords H.5.2 Information Interfaces for a particular tune in a portable music player, see Fig. 1(b). Permission to make digital or hard copies of all was proposed to aid jet pi- lots to become aware of impending stalls [4]. Since then, it has been shown

  8. Towards Energy-Proportional Datacenter Memory with Mobile DRAM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kozyrakis, Christos

    is designed for high bandwidth but not for energy proportionality. A system using 20% of the peak DDR3 for energy efficiency. To support channel band- widths of more than 10GB/s, high-speed DDR3 interfacesTowards Energy-Proportional Datacenter Memory with Mobile DRAM Krishna T. Malladi Frank A. Nothaft

  9. Exploiting Social Interactions in Mobile Systems Andrew G. Miklas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gummadi, Krishna P.

    are reporting a dramatic increase in the use of battery-powered, mobile, lightweight, handheld devices often equipped with wireless interfaces [13,4]. Examples of such ubiquitous devices include cell-phones and PDAs in pervasive systems. For example, new Internet dating services allow clients to use their cell-phones

  10. Exploiting Social Interactions in Mobile Systems Andrew G. Miklas1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saroiu, Stefan

    are reporting a dramatic increase in the use of battery-powered, mobile, lightweight, handheld devices often equipped with wireless interfaces [13,4]. Examples of such ubiquitous devices include cell-phones and PDAs in pervasive systems. For example, new Internet dating services allow clients to use their cell-phones

  11. Exploiting Context Information in Spoken Dialogue Interaction with Mobile Devices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , situation context, and the graphical interface) will play a critical role in the successful implementation, a calendar management system and a photo annotation and retrieval system. 1 Introduction The mobile phone of address book or calendar management to the much more complex task of photo annotation and retrieval

  12. MediaQ Mobile User Manual Table of Contents

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shahabi, Cyrus

    this data W4-metadata which can be obtained by utilizing camera sensors, geospatial and computer vision, and search mobile multimedia contents using automatically tagged geospatial metadata. User on a map interface according to their automatically sensed geospatial and other metadata. MediaQ consists

  13. Defect induced mobility enhancement: Gadolinium oxide (100) on Si(100)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sitaputra, W. [Department of Physics and Optical Science, University of North Carolina at Charlotte, Charlotte, North Carolina 28223 (United States); Tsu, R. [Department of Physics and Optical Science, University of North Carolina at Charlotte, Charlotte, North Carolina 28223 (United States); Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of North Carolina at Charlotte, Charlotte, North Carolina 28223 (United States)

    2012-11-26

    Growth of predominantly single crystal (100)-oriented gadolinium oxide (Gd{sub 2}O{sub 3}) on a p-type Si(100) and growth of a polycrystal with a predominant Gd{sub 2}O{sub 3}(100) crystallite on a n-type Si(100) was performed using molecular beam epitaxy. Despite a poorer crystal structure than Gd{sub 2}O{sub 3}(110), an enhancement in carrier mobility can be found only from the Gd{sub 2}O{sub 3}(100)/n-type Si(100) interface. The mobility of 1715-1780 cm{sup 2}/V {center_dot} s was observed at room temperature, for carrier concentration >10{sup 20} cm{sup -3}. This accumulation of the electrons and the mobility enhancement may arise from the two-dimensional confinement due to charge transfer across the interface similar to transfer doping.

  14. On Relational Interfaces Stavros Tripakis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    On Relational Interfaces Stavros Tripakis Ben Lickly Thomas A. Henzinger Edward A. Lee Electrical permission. #12;On Relational Interfaces Stavros Tripakis UC Berkeley Ben Lickly UC Berkeley Thomas A, Henzinger et al, on interface theories for component- based design. Existing interface theories fail

  15. Distributed Mobility Management for Target Tracking in Mobile Sensor Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chakrabarty, Krishnendu

    --Wireless mobile sensor networks, mobility management, target tracking, Bayesian, distributed system. Ç 1 of scarce resources, such as energy and network bandwidth. Furthermore, the mobility management schemeDistributed Mobility Management for Target Tracking in Mobile Sensor Networks Yi Zou, Member, IEEE

  16. ARM Mobile Facilities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Orr, Brad; Coulter, Rich

    2010-12-13

    This video provides an overview of the ARM Mobile Facilities, two portable climate laboratories that can deploy anywhere in the world for campaigns of at least six months.

  17. Mobile Technology Management

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    2013-11-21

    The directive will ensure that federal organizations and employees within the Department can use mobile technology to support mission requirements in a safe and secure manner.

  18. ARM Mobile Facilities

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Orr, Brad; Coulter, Rich

    2014-09-15

    This video provides an overview of the ARM Mobile Facilities, two portable climate laboratories that can deploy anywhere in the world for campaigns of at least six months.

  19. LaTiO?/KTaO? interfaces: A new two-dimensional electron gas system

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Zou, K.; Ismail-Beigi, Sohrab; Kisslinger, Kim; Shen, Xuan; Nanjing University, Nanjing; Su, Dong; Walker, F. J.; Ahn, C. H.

    2015-03-01

    We report a new 2D electron gas (2DEG) system at the interface between a Mott insulator, LaTiO?, and a band insulator, KTaO?. For LaTiO?/KTaO? interfaces, we observe metallic conduction from 2 K to 300 K. One serious technological limitation of SrTiO?-based conducting oxide interfaces for electronics applications is the relatively low carrier mobility (0.5-10 cm²/V s) of SrTiO? at room temperature. By using KTaO?, we achieve mobilities in LaTiO?/KTaO? interfaces as high as 21 cm²/V s at room temperature, over a factor of 3 higher than observed in doped bulk SrTiO?. By density functional theory, we attribute the higher mobilitymore »in KTaO? 2DEGs to the smaller effective mass for electrons in KTaO?.« less

  20. Mobile SynFace: Ubiquitous visual interface for mobile VoIP telephone calls

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beskow, Jonas

    , the speech is recognized at the phoneme level, and the corresponding facial animation parameters by wireless solutions. People have wire- less phone terminals in their houses so they can move freely while- ent/server software. This server receives an in- coming call, and after creating a new call

  1. Photochemistry at Interfaces

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Eisenthal, Kenneth B

    2015-02-24

    We have advanced our capabilities to investigate ultrafast excited state dynamics at a liquid interface using a pump to excite molecules to higher electronic states and then probe the subsequent time evolution of the interfacial molecules with femtosecond time delayed vibrational SFG.

  2. C. Recanati Interface Graphique

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Recanati, Catherine

    ) { int largeur=800,hauteur=500; Test2 f = new Test2(); f.initAlea(12, largeur, hauteur); for (EnumerationC. Recanati Interface Graphique INFO2, 2013 Eléments de correction pour le TP n° 1 Exercice 1 int ROND = 1; public static final int CROIX = 2; #12;public static final int POLY = 3; public static

  3. Research Interests: Robotics, Haptics, Wearable Interfaces, Tactile Interfaces,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Research Interests: Robotics, Haptics, Wearable Interfaces, Tactile Interfaces, Virtual and Augmented Reality, Telepresence, Telexistence, Human-Robot; Tactile Telexistence, Augmented Haptic Human-Robot Interaction iFeel_IM! (Affective

  4. Powering mm-Size Wireless Implants for Brain-Machine Interfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mark, Michael

    2011-01-01

    Interfaces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .machine interfaces [Lebedev06] . . . . . . . . . . . . .rectifier interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A half-

  5. Science at the interface : grain boundaries in nanocrystalline metals.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rodriguez, Mark Andrew; Follstaedt, David Martin; Knapp, James Arthur; Brewer, Luke N.; Holm, Elizabeth Ann; Foiles, Stephen Martin; Hattar, Khalid M.; Clark, Blythe B.; Olmsted, David L.; Medlin, Douglas L.

    2009-09-01

    Interfaces are a critical determinant of the full range of materials properties, especially at the nanoscale. Computational and experimental methods developed a comprehensive understanding of nanograin evolution based on a fundamental understanding of internal interfaces in nanocrystalline nickel. It has recently been shown that nanocrystals with a bi-modal grain-size distribution possess a unique combination of high-strength, ductility and wear-resistance. We performed a combined experimental and theoretical investigation of the structure and motion of internal interfaces in nanograined metal and the resulting grain evolution. The properties of grain boundaries are computed for an unprecedented range of boundaries. The presence of roughening transitions in grain boundaries is explored and related to dramatic changes in boundary mobility. Experimental observations show that abnormal grain growth in nanograined materials is unlike conventional scale material in both the level of defects and the formation of unfavored phases. Molecular dynamics simulations address the origins of some of these phenomena.

  6. Benefits of Using Mobile Transformers and Mobile Substations...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Using Mobile Transformers and Mobile Substations for Rapidly Restoring Electrical Service: a Report to the United States Congress Pursuant to Section 1816 of the Energy Policy Act...

  7. Pen-Based Interfaces for Intelligent Statics Tutoring Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lindsey, Levi Scott

    2013-01-01

    Paper Interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PenGraphical User Interface . . . . . . A Correct BoundaryThe User Interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

  8. CAM: A Mobile Paper-based Information Services Architecture for Remote Rural Areas in the Developing World

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parikh, Tapan S.

    CAM: A Mobile Paper-based Information Services Architecture for Remote Rural Areas in developing nations. The growth of mobile phone use in China, India and Africa resembles the growth instructions to otherwise inert paper documents. 2. The CAM Architecture CAM unites a user interface

  9. Mobile Malware Propagation and Defense

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zyba, Gjergji

    Privacy in Smartphones and Mobile Devices (SPSM), pages 3–directly by the mobile devices, and that this difference isMcA] McAfee. Securing Mobile Devices: Present and Future.

  10. Reaction Dynamics at Liquid Interfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Benjamin, Ilan

    2015-01-01

    ion effects at the air/water interface. Chem. Rev. 106:1259-at the nitrobenzene-water interface electrified by a commonnature of ions at the liquid water surface. Annu. Rev. Phys.

  11. Are Patents on Interfaces Impeding Interoperability?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Samuelson, Pamela

    2008-01-01

    whether disclosure of interface information to Samba willRules and Practices as to Interfaces In the early years ofdistributed source code and interface specifications without

  12. Mobility in Wireless Sensor Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mehta, Ankur Mukesh

    2012-01-01

    rate communication in an empirical WSN installation . Motecommunication for mobile MANET- WSN scenarios”. In: IEEEof Nodes in Mobile WSN”. In: IEEE Inter- national Conference

  13. Resource Interfaces Arindam Chakrabarti1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Henzinger, Thomas A.

    Resource Interfaces Arindam Chakrabarti1 , Luca de Alfaro2 , Thomas A. Henzinger1 , and Mari Abstract. We present a formalism for specifying component interfaces that expose component requirements? To solve these questions, we model interfaces with resource requirements as games with quantitative

  14. Popeye Project: ROV interfaces

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Scates, C.R.; Hickok, D.D.; Hernandez, D.A.

    1997-04-01

    The Popeye Project in the Gulf of Mexico helped advance the technology and standardization of ROV interfaces for deepwater subsea production systems. Some of the many successful ROV operations during installation and completion were {open_quotes}first-of-it`s-kind{close_quotes} activities-enabled by many technical advances. The use and reliance upon ROV systems for support of deepwater drilling and installation operations significantly increased in the past 10 years. Shell Offshore Inc.`s (SOI) confidence in this increased capability was an important factor in many of the design decisions which characterized the innovative system. Technology advancements, which depended on effective ROV intervention, were implemented with no significant difficulties. These advancements, in particular the flying leads and seabed position methods, are available to the industry for other deepwater subsea systems. In addition, several Popeye ROV interfaces have helped advance the subsea standardization initiative; e.g., hot stabs, torque-tool end effectors, and paint color.

  15. Fusion of conformal interfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    C. Bachas; I. Brunner

    2008-03-04

    We study the fusion of conformal interfaces in the c=1 conformal field theory. We uncover an elegant structure reminiscent of that of black holes in supersymmetric theories. The role of the BPS black holes is played by topological interfaces, which (a) minimize the entropy function, (b) fix through an attractor mechanism one or both of the bulk radii, and (c) are (marginally) stable under splitting. One significant difference is that the conserved charges are logarithms of natural numbers, rather than vectors in a charge lattice, as for BPS states. Besides potential applications to condensed-matter physics and number theory, these results point to the existence of large solution-generating algebras in string theory.

  16. Virtual button interface

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Jones, J.S.

    1999-01-12

    An apparatus and method of issuing commands to a computer by a user interfacing with a virtual reality environment are disclosed. To issue a command, the user directs gaze at a virtual button within the virtual reality environment, causing a perceptible change in the virtual button, which then sends a command corresponding to the virtual button to the computer, optionally after a confirming action is performed by the user, such as depressing a thumb switch. 4 figs.

  17. Virtual button interface

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Jones, Jake S. (Albuquerque, NM)

    1999-01-01

    An apparatus and method of issuing commands to a computer by a user interfacing with a virtual reality environment. To issue a command, the user directs gaze at a virtual button within the virtual reality environment, causing a perceptible change in the virtual button, which then sends a command corresponding to the virtual button to the computer, optionally after a confirming action is performed by the user, such as depressing a thumb switch.

  18. Standard interface file handbook

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shapiro, A.; Huria, H.C. )

    1992-10-01

    This handbook documents many of the standard interface file formats that have been adopted by the US Department of Energy to facilitate communications between and portability of, various large reactor physics and radiation transport software packages. The emphasis is on those files needed for use of the VENTURE/PC diffusion-depletion code system. File structures, contents and some practical advice on use of the various files are provided.

  19. MobilityFirst: A Robust and Trustworthy Mobility-Centric

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garfunkel, Eric

    starting, ~5-10B units by 2020 INTERNET Wireless Edge Network INTERNET ~1B server/PC's, ~700M smart phones and opportunistic data delivery Mobile DTN Router Roadway Sensors Mobile DTN User/Router Ad-Hoc Network Opportunistic High-Speed Link (MB/s) Mobile P2P User Infostations Router MOBILE INTERNET Disconnection

  20. Highly-reduced Fine-structure splitting in InAs/InP quantum dots offering efficient on-demand 1.55 $?$m entangled photon emitter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lixin He; Ming Gong; Chuan-Feng Li; Guang-Can Guo; Alex Zunger

    2008-06-03

    To generate entangled photon pairs via quantum dots (QDs), the exciton fine structure splitting (FSS) must be comparable to the exciton homogeneous line width. Yet in the (In,Ga)As/GaAs QD, the intrinsic FSS is about a few tens $\\mu$eV. To achieve photon entanglement, it is necessary to Cherry-pick a sample with extremely small FSS from a large number of samples, or to apply strong in-plane magnetic field. Using theoretical modeling of the fundamental causes of FSS in QDs, we predict that the intrinsic FSS of InAs/InP QDs is an order of magnitude smaller than that of InAs/GaAs dots, and better yet, their excitonic gap matches the 1.55 $\\mu$m fiber optic wavelength, therefore offer efficient on-demand entangled photon emitters for long distance quantum communication.

  1. Vrije Universiteit Brussel Technology Transfer Interface

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goelzer, Heiko

    Vrije Universiteit Brussel Technology Transfer Interface -connecting science and society- [for Prof. Hugo Thienpont More Information Technology Transfer Interface (TTI) Vrije Universiteit Brussel.interface@vub.ac.be - www.vubtechtransfer.be Vrije Universiteit Brussel Technology Transfer Interface -connecting science

  2. Novel Nanostructured Interface Solution for Automotive Thermoelectric...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Nanostructured Interface Solution for Automotive Thermoelectric Modules Application Novel Nanostructured Interface Solution for Automotive Thermoelectric Modules Application...

  3. Limits of social mobilization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pentland, Alex Paul

    The Internet and social media have enabled the mobilization of large crowds to achieve time-critical feats, ranging from mapping crises in real time, to organizing mass rallies, to conducting search-and-rescue operations ...

  4. A Mobile Robot Project

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brooks, Rodney A.

    We are building a mobile robot which will roam around the AI lab observing and later perhaps doing. Our approach to building the robot and its controlling software differs from that used in many other projects in a number ...

  5. On-demand photoinitiated polymerization

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Boydston, Andrew J; Grubbs, Robert H; Daeffler, Chris; Momcilovic, Nebojsa

    2013-12-10

    Compositions and methods for adjustable lenses are provided. In some embodiments, the lenses contain a lens matrix material, a masking compound, and a prepolymer. The lens matrix material provides structure to the lens. The masking compound is capable of blocking polymerization or crosslinking of the prepolymer, until photoisomerization of the compound is triggered, and the compound is converted from a first isomer to a second isomer having a different absorption profile. The prepolymer is a composition that can undergo a polymerization or crosslinking reaction upon photoinitiation to alter one or more of the properties of the lenses.

  6. Concentrated solar power on demand

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Codd, Daniel Shawn

    2011-01-01

    This thesis describes a new concentrating solar power central receiver system with integral thermal storage. Hillside mounted heliostats direct sunlight into a volumetric absorption molten salt pool, which also functions ...

  7. Web Browser Interface (WBUI)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust,Field-effectWorking WithTelecentricN AProject AssessmentWe theBrowser Interface (WBUI)

  8. Enhancing video transmission in MANETs utilizing multiple interfaces and multiple channels per node

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bouras, Christos

    . Simulation results indicate that the mechanism improves the networks capacity for video transmissionEnhancing video transmission in MANETs utilizing multiple interfaces and multiple channels per node}@cti.gr, gkamas@aeavellas.gr {politaki, tsanai}@ceid.upatras.gr Abstract. Mobile Ad hoc NETworks (MANETs

  9. A Weighted Interference Estimation Scheme for Interface Switching Wireless Mesh Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Typically, a WMN is a collection of wireless mesh routers and wireless mobile mesh clients. Wireless mesh to wireless mesh routers via either wired or wireless connections. In addition, a small number of wirelessA Weighted Interference Estimation Scheme for Interface Switching Wireless Mesh Networks Yunxia

  10. The relationship between grain boundary structure, defect mobility, and grain boundary sink efficiency

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Uberuaga, Blas Pedro; Vernon, Louis J.; Martinez, Enrique; Voter, Arthur F.

    2015-03-13

    Nanocrystalline materials have received great attention due to their potential for improved functionality and have been proposed for extreme environments where the interfaces are expected to promote radiation tolerance. However, the precise role of the interfaces in modifying defect behavior is unclear. Using long-time simulations methods, we determine the mobility of defects and defect clusters at grain boundaries in Cu. We find that mobilities vary significantly with boundary structure and cluster size, with larger clusters exhibiting reduced mobility, and that interface sink efficiency depends on the kinetics of defects within the interface via the in-boundary annihilation rate of defects. Thus,more »sink efficiency is a strong function of defect mobility, which depends on boundary structure, a property that evolves with time. Further, defect mobility at boundaries can be slower than in the bulk, which has general implications for the properties of polycrystalline materials. Finally, we correlate defect energetics with the volumes of atomic sites at the boundary.« less

  11. Laparoscopic simulation interface

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Rosenberg, Louis B.

    2006-04-04

    A method and apparatus for providing high bandwidth and low noise mechanical input and output for computer systems. A gimbal mechanism provides two revolute degrees of freedom to an object about two axes of rotation. A linear axis member is coupled to the gimbal mechanism at the intersection of the two axes of rotation. The linear axis member is capable of being translated along a third axis to provide a third degree of freedom. The user object is coupled to the linear axis member and is thus translatable along the third axis so that the object can be moved along all three degrees of freedom. Transducers associated with the provided degrees of freedom include sensors and actuators and provide an electromechanical interface between the object and a digital processing system. Capstan drive mechanisms transmit forces between the transducers and the object. The linear axis member can also be rotated about its lengthwise axis to provide a fourth degree of freedom, and, optionally, a floating gimbal mechanism is coupled to the linear axis member to provide fifth and sixth degrees of freedom to an object. Transducer sensors are associated with the fourth, fifth, and sixth degrees of freedom. The interface is well suited for simulations of medical procedures and simulations in which an object such as a stylus or a joystick is moved and manipulated by the user.

  12. Interface-assisted molecular spintronics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Raman, Karthik V.

    2014-09-15

    Molecular spintronics, a field that utilizes the spin state of organic molecules to develop magneto-electronic devices, has shown an enormous scientific activity for more than a decade. But, in the last couple of years, new insights in understanding the fundamental phenomena of molecular interaction on magnetic surfaces, forming a hybrid interface, are presenting a new pathway for developing the subfield of interface-assisted molecular spintronics. The recent exploration of such hybrid interfaces involving carbon based aromatic molecules shows a significant excitement and promise over the previously studied single molecular magnets. In the above new scenario, hybridization of the molecular orbitals with the spin-polarized bands of the surface creates new interface states with unique electronic and magnetic character. This study opens up a molecular-genome initiative in designing new handles to functionalize the spin dependent electronic properties of the hybrid interface to construct spin-functional tailor-made devices. Through this article, we review this subject by presenting a fundamental understanding of the interface spin-chemistry and spin-physics by taking support of advanced computational and spectroscopy tools to investigate molecular spin responses with demonstration of new interface phenomena. Spin-polarized scanning tunneling spectroscopy is favorably considered to be an important tool to investigate these hybrid interfaces with intra-molecular spatial resolution. Finally, by addressing some of the recent findings, we propose novel device schemes towards building interface tailored molecular spintronic devices for applications in sensor, memory, and quantum computing.

  13. The Common Communication Interface (CCI)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shipman, Galen M [ORNL; Atchley, Scott [ORNL; Dillow, David A [ORNL; Geoffray, Patrick [ORNL; Bosilca, George [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Squyres, Jeffrey M [ORNL; Minnich, Ronald [Sandia National Laboratories (SNL)

    2011-01-01

    There are many APIs for connecting and exchanging data between network peers. Each interface varies wildly based on metrics including performance, portability, and complexity. Specifically, many interfaces make design or implementation choices emphasizing some of the more desirable metrics (e.g., performance) while sacrificing others (e.g., portability). As a direct result, software developers building large, network-based applications are forced to choose a specific network API based on a complex, multi-dimensional set of criteria. Such trade-offs inevitably result in an interface that fails to deliver some desirable features. In this paper, we introduce a novel interface that both supports many features that have become standard (or otherwise generally expected) in other communication interfaces, and strives to export a small, yet powerful, interface. This new interface draws upon years of experience from network-oriented software development best practices to systems-level implementations. The goal is to create a relatively simple, high-level communication interface with low barriers to adoption while still providing important features such as scalability, resiliency, and performance. The result is the Common Communications Interface (CCI): an intuitive API that is portable, efficient, scalable, and robust to meet the needs of network-intensive applications common in HPC and cloud computing.

  14. Biological Interfaces | Clean Energy | ORNL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    its associated biotic and abiotic environments. Understanding the exchange of energy, information, and materials across this dynamic interface at diverse spatial and temporal...

  15. Automatic Extraction of Web Search Interfaces for Interface Schema Integration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meng, Weiyi

    button, checkbox and selection list (i.e., a pull-down menu) that allow a user to enter searchAutomatic Extraction of Web Search Interfaces for Interface Schema Integration Hai He, Weiyi Meng@cacs.louisiana.edu ABSTRACT This paper provides an overview of a technique for extracting information from the Web search

  16. Controlled Mobility for Sustainable Wireless Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kansal, Aman; Rahimi, Mohammed; Kaiser, W J; Srivastava, Mani B; Pottie, Gregory; Estrin, D

    2004-01-01

    fashion. Fourth, mobility must be sustainable and constantlyControlled Mobility for Sustainable Wireless Networks Amanthe controlled mobility methods required for sustainable

  17. Supplement: Thousands of human mobile element

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pratt, Vaughan

    Supplement: Thousands of human mobile element fragments undergo strong purifying selection near Supplemental material Supplemental text, tables, and figures. S1 pan-boreoeutherian mobile elements Mobile

  18. Update on mobile applications in dermatology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patel, Shivani; Eluri, Madhu; Boyers, Lindsay N; Karimkhani, Chante; Dellavalle, Robert

    2015-01-01

    Background: As the use of mobile devices surpasses that ofSuper Retina display, on mobile devices. Teledermatologyowned a smartphone, and mobile application devices surpassed

  19. Helping Developers Construct Secure Mobile Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chin, Erika Michelle

    2013-01-01

    Privacy in Smartphones and Mobile devices (SPSM), 2011. [25]Privacy in Smartphones and Mobile Devices (SPSM), 2011. [34]Privacy in Smartphones and Mobile Devices (SPSM), 2012. [63

  20. Human-computer interface

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Anderson, Thomas G.

    2004-12-21

    The present invention provides a method of human-computer interfacing. Force feedback allows intuitive navigation and control near a boundary between regions in a computer-represented space. For example, the method allows a user to interact with a virtual craft, then push through the windshield of the craft to interact with the virtual world surrounding the craft. As another example, the method allows a user to feel transitions between different control domains of a computer representation of a space. The method can provide for force feedback that increases as a user's locus of interaction moves near a boundary, then perceptibly changes (e.g., abruptly drops or changes direction) when the boundary is traversed.

  1. AIDP -Apple Interface Design Project

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tollmar, Konrad

    AIDP - Apple Interface Design Project AIDP - Apple Interface Design Project m 92-95 m Joy Mountford m Design Centre, Advanced Technology Group m Apple's Industrial Design Group "Encourage ProjectThe Project m Bridge the gulf between the physical and virtual worlds - Apple m Design a new way

  2. Correlation ion mobility spectroscopy

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Pfeifer, Kent B. (Los Lunas, NM); Rohde, Steven B. (Corrales, NM)

    2008-08-26

    Correlation ion mobility spectrometry (CIMS) uses gating modulation and correlation signal processing to improve IMS instrument performance. Closely spaced ion peaks can be resolved by adding discriminating codes to the gate and matched filtering for the received ion current signal, thereby improving sensitivity and resolution of an ion mobility spectrometer. CIMS can be used to improve the signal-to-noise ratio even for transient chemical samples. CIMS is especially advantageous for small geometry IMS drift tubes that can otherwise have poor resolution due to their small size.

  3. Mobility platform coupling device and method for coupling mobility platforms

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Shirey, David L. (Albuquerque, NM); Hayward, David R. (Albuquerque, NM); Buttz, James H. (Albuquerque, NM)

    2002-01-01

    A coupling device for connecting a first mobility platform to a second mobility platform in tandem. An example mobility platform is a robot. The coupling device has a loose link mode for normal steering conditions and a locking position, tight link mode for navigation across difficult terrain and across obstacles, for traversing chasms, and for navigating with a reduced footprint in tight steering conditions.

  4. Morphing content in mobile applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Kevin Y

    2009-01-01

    Smart phones are quickly becoming an integral part of our everyday lives. However, the mobile industry is still young, and the full potential of mobile phones has yet to be tapped. In this thesis, I present the design of ...

  5. In situ Probing of Solid-Electrolyte Interfaces with Nonlinear Coherent Vibrational Spectroscopy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mukherjee, Prabuddha; Lagutchev, Alexei; Dlott, Dana D.

    2012-01-01

    Vibrational sum-frequency generation spectroscopy (SFG) is used for in situ probing of molecular vibrations at interfaces associated with solid-electrolyte interphases (SEI) in systems relevant to lithium-ion batteries. SFG is interface-selective and can suppress nonresonant signals from metal electrodes. Two interfaces were observed: the electrode-SEI interface and the electrolyte-SEI interface. The SEI was formed on Au or Cu by potential cycling from 2.0 V–0.2 V (vs. Li/Li+) in ethylene carbonate (EC) and LiClO? in tetrahydrofuran (THF). Li deposition occurs on Au but not on Cu. SFG of the electrolyte-SEI interface with Cu shows EC transitions whose intensities oscillate during potential cycling. The smaller oscillations are attributed to EC potential-dependent reorientation; the larger to an optical interference effect associated with the SEI layer thickness. The larger EC interference oscillations seen on Cu are absent on Au because the SEI on Au is thicker and more opaque. Lithium ethylene dicarbonate (LiEDC) and possibly ethylene oxide are observed at the electrode-SEI interface. This interfacial structure varies little after the first cycle of SEI formation. THF is also observed at the electrode interface with a degree of mobility that increases during the first few four potential cycles and then levels off.

  6. Webinar: Fuel Cell Mobile Lighting

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Video recording of the Fuel Cell Technologies Office webinar, Fuel Cell Mobile Lighting, originally presented on November 13, 2012.

  7. Mobile lighting apparatus

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Roe, George Michael; Klebanoff, Leonard Elliott; Rea, Gerald W; Drake, Robert A; Johnson, Terry A; Wingert, Steven John; Damberger, Thomas A; Skradski, Thomas J; Radley, Christopher James; Oros, James M; Schuttinger, Paul G; Grupp, David J; Prey, Stephen Carl

    2013-05-14

    A mobile lighting apparatus includes a portable frame such as a moveable trailer or skid having a light tower thereon. The light tower is moveable from a stowed position to a deployed position. A hydrogen-powered fuel cell is located on the portable frame to provide electrical power to an array of the energy efficient lights located on the light tower.

  8. Mobile Communications May 30, 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mobile Communications Program May 30, 2013 #12;Overview Background Financial Aspects Operational to be migrated to the new (master) Verizon account. #12;Financial Aspects Billing Plans & Devices Deployment plans include mobile-mobile, nights & weekends Smartphones ­ 400 minute plan, includes unlimited data

  9. Mobile Database Ouri Wolfson1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wolfson, Ouri E.

    that resides on a mobile device such as a PDA, a smart phone, or a laptop. Such devices are often limited in resources such as memory, computing power, and battery power. Key Points Due to device limitations, a mobile are usually posed by the user of the mobile device. Updates of the database may originate from the user

  10. Mobile Recommender Systems Francesco Ricci

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ricci, Francesco

    particular request. Here, in the contest of information access through mobile devices, the information environments. At the same time, the evolution of mobile devices, e.g., personal digital assistants (PDAs of the development of these technologies and the incredible appeal of mobile devices and services there has been also

  11. Matched interface and boundary (MIB) method for elliptic problems with sharp-edged interfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Yongcheng

    Matched interface and boundary (MIB) method for elliptic problems with sharp-edged interfaces with sharp-edged interfaces, thin-layered interfaces and interfaces that intersect with geometric boundary. This work generalizes the matched interface and boundary (MIB) method previously designed for solving

  12. Nanoparticle Assemblies at Fluid Interfaces

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Russell, Thomas P.

    2015-03-10

    A systematic study of the structure and dynamics of nanoparticles (NP) and NP-surfactants was performed. The ligands attached to both the NPs and NP-surfactants dictate the manner in which the nanoscopic materials assemble at fluid interfaces. Studies have shown that a single layer of the nanoscpic materials form at the interface to reduce the interactions between the two immiscible fluids. The shape of the NP is, also, important, where for spherical particles, a disordered, liquid-like monolayer forms, and, for nanorods, ordered domains at the interface is found and, if the monolayers are compressed, the orientation of the nanorods with respect to the interface can change. By associating end-functionalized polymers to the NPs assembled at the interface, NP-surfactants are formed that increase the energetic gain in segregating each NP at the interface which allows the NP-surfactants to jam at the interface when compressed. This has opened the possibility of structuring the two liquids by freezing in shape changes of the liquids.

  13. Examining Mobile Phone Text Legibility while Walking Terhi Mustonen, Maria Olkkonen, and Jukka Hkkinen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Olkkonen, Maria

    conditions. Visual performance and subjective evaluation of task difficulty were used as measures of text and with different tasks will be lost. Categories & Subject Descriptors: H.5.2. [User Interfaces]: Ergonomics, Evaluation/ methodology. General Terms: Human Factors. Keywords: Legibility, mobile phones, walking, pseudo

  14. Energy consumption models for ad-hoc mobile Emmanuel Lochin1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lochin, Emmanuel

    1 Energy consumption models for ad-hoc mobile terminals Emmanuel Lochin1 Anne Fladenmuller1 Jean describes a set of experiments based on ACPI BIOS measurements which evaluate the energy consumption of an IEEE802.11 wireless net- work interface. Based on our ACPI measurements, two models of energy

  15. Graphics for the Masses: A Hardware Rasterization Architecture for Mobile Phones

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    typically is one of the most energy-consuming operations, and because mobile phones need to use as little-dimensional graphics in- clude man-machine interfaces (MMIs), screen savers, maps, ani- mated messages, and, naturally more energy which decreases use time on battery charge. It is therefore likely that lower resolutions

  16. Swipe Vs. Scroll: Web Page Switching on Mobile Browsers Andrew Warr, Ed H. Chi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cortes, Corinna

    Swipe Vs. Scroll: Web Page Switching on Mobile Browsers Andrew Warr, Ed H. Chi Google Inc. 1600 interfaces enable users to multi-task and easily switch between open web pages. However, tabbed browsing web page could be displayed in an individual window at a time. This was problematic when viewing

  17. Efficient Mobile Content Delivery Based on Co-route Prediction in Urban Transport

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    mules. The routers in our scenario are only equipped with short range wireless network interfaces-and- forward routers based on vehicle mobility patterns and human regular movement behaviors; we also propose a router-centric prediction scheme that collects passenger historical trajectory information to determine

  18. Chemistry & Physics at Interfaces | Advanced Materials | ORNL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Home | Science & Discovery | Advanced Materials | Research Areas | Chemistry and Physics at Interfaces SHARE Chemistry and Physics at Interfaces Chemical transformations and...

  19. Ellipsoidal particles at fluid interfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    H. Lehle; E. Noruzifar; M. Oettel

    2008-01-18

    For partially wetting, ellipsoidal colloids trapped at a fluid interface, their effective, interface--mediated interactions of capillary and fluctuation--induced type are analyzed. For contact angles different from 90$^o$, static interface deformations arise which lead to anisotropic capillary forces that are substantial already for micrometer--sized particles. The capillary problem is solved using an efficient perturbative treatment which allows a fast determination of the capillary interaction for all distances between and orientations of two particles. Besides static capillary forces, fluctuation--induced forces caused by thermally excited capillary waves arise at fluid interfaces. For the specific choice of a spatially fixed three--phase contact line, the asymptotic behavior of the fluctuation--induced force is determined analytically for both the close--distance and the long--distance regime and compared to numerical solutions.

  20. Dobrushin Interfaces via Reflection Positivity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Senya Shlosman; Yvon Vignaud

    2007-04-13

    We study the interfaces separating different phases of 3D systems by means of the Reflection Positivity method. We treat discrete non-linear sigma-models, which exhibit power-law decay of correlations at low temperatures, and we prove the rigidity property of the interface. Our method is applicable to the Ising and Potts models, where it simplifies the derivation of some known results. The method also works for large-entropy systems of continuous spins.

  1. Charge transfer and mobility enhancement at CdO/SnTe heterointerfaces

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nishitani, Junichi; Yu, Kin Man; Walukiewicz, Wladek

    2014-09-29

    We report a study of the effects of charge transfer on electrical properties of CdO/SnTe heterostructures. A series of structures with variable SnTe thicknesses were deposited by RF magnetron sputtering. Because of an extreme type III band offset with the valence band edge of SnTe located at 1.5?eV above the conduction band edge of CdO, a large charge transfer is expected at the interface of the CdO/SnTe heterostructure. The electrical properties of the heterostructures are analyzed using a multilayer charge transport model. The analysis indicates a large 4-fold enhancement of the CdO electron mobility at the interface with SnTe. The mobility enhancement is attributed to reduction of the charge center scattering through neutralization of the donor-like defects responsible for the Fermi level pinning at the CdO/SnTe interface.

  2. Mobile Biomass Pelletizing System

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Thomas Mason

    2009-04-16

    This grant project examines multiple aspects of the pelletizing process to determine the feasibility of pelletizing biomass using a mobile form factor system. These aspects are: the automatic adjustment of the die height in a rotary-style pellet mill, the construction of the die head to allow the use of ceramic materials for extreme wear, integrating a heat exchanger network into the entire process from drying to cooling, the use of superheated steam for adjusting the moisture content to optimum, the economics of using diesel power to operate the system; a break-even analysis of estimated fixed operating costs vs. tons per hour capacity. Initial development work has created a viable mechanical model. The overall analysis of this model suggests that pelletizing can be economically done using a mobile platform.

  3. Hooked differential mobility spectrometry apparatus and method therefore

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Shvartsburg, Alexandre A [Richland, WA; Tang, Keqi [Richland, WA; Ibrahim, Yehia M [Richland, WA; Smith, Richard D [Richland, WA

    2009-02-17

    Disclosed are a device and method for improved interfacing of differential mobility spectrometry (DMS) or field asymmetric waveform ion mobility spectrometry (FAIMS) analyzers of substantially planar geometry to subsequent or preceding instrument stages. Interfacing is achieved using curved DMS elements, where a thick ion beam emitted by planar DMS analyzers or injected into them for ion filtering is compressed to the gap median by DMS ion focusing effect in a spatially inhomogeneous electric field. Resulting thinner beams are more effectively transmitted through necessarily constrained conductance limit apertures to subsequent instrument stages operated at a pressure lower than DMS, and/or more effectively injected into planar DMS analyzers. The technology is synergetic with slit apertures, slit aperture/ion funnels, and high-pressure ion funnel interfaces known in the art which allow for increasing cross-sectional area of MS inlets. The invention may be used in integrated analytical platforms, including, e.g., DMS/MS, LC/DMS/MS, and DMS/IMS/MS that could replace and/or enhance current LC/MS methods, e.g., for proteomics research.

  4. Mobile Zigbee Sensor Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anantdeep, Er; Kaur, Er Balpreet

    2010-01-01

    OPNET Modeler accelerates network R&D and improves product quality through high-fidelity modeling and scalable simulation. It provides a virtual environment for designing protocols and devices, and for testing and demonstrating designs in realistic scenarios prior to production. OPNET Modeler supports 802.15.4 standard and has been used to make a model of PAN. Iterations have been performed by changing the Power of the transmitter and the throughput will has been analyzed to arrive at optimal values.An energy-efficient wireless home network based on IEEE 802.15.4, a novel architecture has been proposed. In this architecture, all nodes are classified into stationary nodes and mobile nodes according to the functionality of each node. Mobile nodes are usually battery-powered, and therefore need low-power operation. In order to improve power consumption of mobile nodes, effective handover sequence based on MAC broadcast and transmission power control based on LQ (link quality) are employed. Experimental resul...

  5. HoWiES: A Holistic Approach to ZigBee Assisted WiFi Energy Savings in Mobile Devices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Qun

    HoWiES: A Holistic Approach to ZigBee Assisted WiFi Energy Savings in Mobile Devices Yifan ZhangWiES, a system that saves energy consumed by WiFi interfaces in mobile devices with the assistance of ZigBee radios. The core component of HoWiES is a WiFi- ZigBee message delivery scheme that enables WiFi radios

  6. Modeling Solid-Electrolyte-Electrode Interfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Holzwarth, Natalie

    Modeling Solid-Electrolyte- Electrode Interfaces N. D. Lepley and N. A. W. Holzwarth Wake Forest University Supported by NSF grant DMR-1105485 #12;Motivation · Solid electrolyte/electrode interfaces more chemically stable · Enable Li anodes, S cathodes · Interested in characterizing interface ­ What interface

  7. Transport, Interfaces, and Modeling in Amorphous Silicon Based Solar Cells: Final Technical Report, 11 February 2002 - 30 September 2006

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schiff, E. A.

    2008-10-01

    Results for a-Si characteristics/modeling; photocarrier drift mobilities in a-Si;H, ..mu..c-Si:H, CIGS; hole-conducting polymers as p-layer for a-Si and c-Si; IR spectra of p/i and n/i interfaces in a-Si.

  8. Personal Data Vault: A Privacy Architecture for Mobile Personal Sensing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2009-01-01

    the data Mobile Devices Mobile Client Service Providers/backup CAPTURE Personal Mobile Devices Provide Expressive 

  9. Hybrid user interfaces : design guidelines and implementation examples

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ahn, Sehyun

    2006-01-01

    A hybrid user interface is a new type of computer user interface that achieves high usability by combining features of graphical user interfaces and command line interfaces. The main goal of a hybrid user interface is to ...

  10. Parasitic mobility for sensate media

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laibowitz, Matthew Joel, 1975-

    2004-01-01

    Distributed sensor networks offer many new capabilities for monitoring environments with applicability to medical, industrial, military, anthropological, and experiential fields. By making such systems mobile, we increase ...

  11. PinBus Interface Design

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hammerstrom, Donald J.; Adgerson, Jewel D.; Sastry, Chellury; Pratt, Richard M.; Pratt, Robert G.

    2009-12-30

    On behalf of the U.S. Department of Energy, PNNL has explored and expanded upon a simple control interface that might have merit for the inexpensive communication of smart grid operational objectives (demand response, for example) to small electric end-use devices and appliances. The approach relies on bi-directional communication via the electrical voltage states of from one to eight shared interconnection pins. The name PinBus has been suggested and adopted for the proposed interface protocol. The protocol is defined through the presentation of state diagrams and the pins’ functional definitions. Both simulations and laboratory demonstrations are being conducted to demonstrate the elegance and power of the suggested approach. PinBus supports a very high degree of interoperability across its interfaces, allowing innumerable pairings of devices and communication protocols and supporting the practice of practically any smart grid use case.

  12. Multi-robot control interface

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bruemmer, David J. (Idaho Falls, ID); Walton, Miles C. (Idaho Falls, ID)

    2011-12-06

    Methods and systems for controlling a plurality of robots through a single user interface include at least one robot display window for each of the plurality of robots with the at least one robot display window illustrating one or more conditions of a respective one of the plurality of robots. The user interface further includes at least one robot control window for each of the plurality of robots with the at least one robot control window configured to receive one or more commands for sending to the respective one of the plurality of robots. The user interface further includes a multi-robot common window comprised of information received from each of the plurality of robots.

  13. MobileMatch App

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformationJessework uses concrete7 AssessmentBusinessAlternative FuelingMobileMatch

  14. Intentional Mobility in Wireless Sensor Networks 1 INTENTIONAL MOBILITY IN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tseng, Yu-Chee

    applications, wireless sensor networks. 1. Introduction The rapid growth of micro-sensing MEMS and wirelessIntentional Mobility in Wireless Sensor Networks 1 Chapter 1 INTENTIONAL MOBILITY IN WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS You-Chiun Wang and Yu-Chee Tseng Department of Computer Science National Chiao

  15. MEMS: Detection and Tracking of Mobile Eevents Using Mobile Sensors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Han, Qi "Chee"

    MEMS: Detection and Tracking of Mobile Eevents Using Mobile Sensors Na Yu and Qi Han Department interchangeably in the following. This paper presents MEMS--a novel pipelined approach for dynamic event detection and tracking. The noteworthy features of MEMS are that it (1) uses detection robots in a distributed way; (2

  16. Comparison of methods to quantify interface trap densities at dielectric/IIIV semiconductor interfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stemmer, Susanne

    2010-01-01

    method to high-k/III-V interfaces has been discussedno D it ? CV curve for interfaces with III-V semiconductors,in D it at high-k/III-V interface is criti- cal for the

  17. Technique for converting non-conforming hexahedral-to-hexahedral interfaces into conforming interfaces

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Staten, Matthew L.; Shepherd, Jason F.; Ledoux, Frank; Shimada, Kenji; Merkley, Karl G.; Carbonera, Carlos

    2013-03-05

    A technique for conforming an interface between a first mesh and a second mesh is disclosed. A first interface surface in the first mesh and a second interface surface in the second mesh residing along the interface are identified. The first and second interface surfaces are initially non-conforming along the interface. Chords within the first and second interface surfaces that fall within a threshold separation distance of each other are paired. Sheets having chords that reside within the first or second interface surfaces are recursively inserted into or extracted from one or both of the first and second meshes until all remaining chords within the first interface surface are paired with corresponding chords in the second interface surface and all remaining chords within the second interface surface are paired with corresponding chords in the first interface surface.

  18. Issues in autonomous mobile sensor networks 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dharne, Avinash Gopal

    2009-05-15

    Autonomous mobile sensor networks consist of a number of autonomous mobile robots equipped with various sensors and tasked with a common mission. This thesis considers the topology control of such an ad hoc mobile sensor ...

  19. Locative Life: Geocaching, Mobile Gaming, and Embodiment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farman, Jason

    2009-01-01

    the screen space of the mobile device and the player’sspace between the gamer’s mobile device and the gaze of thePlayers use their mobile devices (from GPS receivers to

  20. Addressing the needs of mobile users

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sohn, Timothy Youngjin

    2008-01-01

    search terms o?ine on a mobile device, and then address theminput modality to a mobile device, and recognizing input cannoti?cation cues for mobile devices. In CHI ’00: CHI ’00

  1. Research Article Electrophoretic mobility measurements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Santiago, Juan G.

    of the electroosmotic flow (EOF)-suppressing polymer polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) on the electrophoretic mobilities­desorption dynamics of all three analytes, with particular attention to cationic R6G. Keywords: Absolute mobility a known leading electrolyte chemistry and focuses sample species into plateau mode (maximum, locally

  2. Mobile Robot Sensing for Environmental Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2007-01-01

    deployable cable based robot,” in IEEE ICRA, Rome, Italy,Mobile robot sensing for environmental applications Amarjeetsystems per- formed using mobile robot sensing systems. Both

  3. Destabilization of magnesium hydride through interface engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dam, Bernard

    Destabilization of magnesium hydride through interface engineering Lennard Mooij #12;Destabilization of magnesium hydride through interface engineering PROEFSCHRIFT ter verkrijging van de graad van . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 1.3 Magnesium hydride . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 1

  4. SURFACES AND INTERFACES IN CERAMIC AND CERAMIC-METAL SYSTEMS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ,

    2013-01-01

    B. Characterization of Surfaces and Interfaces Physical andChemical Characterization of Interfaces by Electron OpticalStudies of Surfaces and Interfaces W. E. Spicer, Stanford

  5. Visualization and Analysis-Oriented Reconstruction of Material Interfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Childs, Henry R.

    2011-01-01

    Discrete Multi-Material Interface Reconstruction for VolumeConstructing material interfaces from data sets with volume-M. Multi-material interface reconstruction on generalized

  6. Electric and Magnetic Walls on Dielectric Interfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Changbiao Wang

    2010-07-20

    Sufficient conditions of the existence of electric or magnetic walls on dielectric interfaces are given for a multizone uniform dielectric waveguiding system. If one of two adjacent dielectric zones supports a TEM field distribution while the other supports a TM (TE) field distribution, then the common dielectric interface behaves as an electric (magnetic) wall, that is, the electric (magnetic) field line is perpendicular to the interface while the magnetic (electric) field line is parallel to the interface.

  7. Compacted Soil Liner Interface Strength Importance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Case Study Compacted Soil Liner Interface Strength Importance Timothy D. Stark, F.ASCE1 ; Hangseok interface is not the geomembrane (GM)/compacted low-permeability soil liner (LPSL) but a soil­soil interface placing the cover soil from bottom to top. DOI: 10.1061/(ASCE)GT.1943-5606 .0000556. © 2012 American

  8. Web Interfaces 1 Python Scripts in Browsers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Verschelde, Jan

    Web Interfaces 1 Python Scripts in Browsers the web server Apache processing forms with Python scripts Python code to write HTML 2 Web Interfaces for the Determinant dynamic interactive forms passing, 28 October 2013 Scientific Software (MCS 507 L-27) web interfaces 28 October 2013 1 / 42 #12;Web

  9. Sisl: Several Interfaces, Single Logic Thomas Ballz

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Läufer, Konstantin

    Sisl: Several Interfaces, Single Logic Thomas Ballz Christopher Colby+ Peter Danielseny Lalita such as information and e-commerce services are becoming increasingly more flexible in the types of user interfaces they support. These interfaces incorporate automatic speech recognition and natural language understanding

  10. Do tangible interfaces enhance learning? Paul Marshall

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Do tangible interfaces enhance learning? Paul Marshall Department of Computing, Open University interfaces has focused primarily on the production of descriptive frameworks. While this work has been, it provides little guidance on the cognitive or social effects of using one type of interface or another

  11. Interfaces and simulations in SELALIB M. Mehrenberger

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Franchi, Jacques

    Interfaces and simulations in SELALIB M. Mehrenberger IRMA, Université de Strasbourg Garching, Selalib Day, November 2014 M. Mehrenberger (UDS) Interfaces and simulations in SELALIB Garching, November 2014 1 / 92 #12;Introduction Outline 0. Discussion on interfaces 1. Some examples of abstract

  12. NCGIA Initiative 13 "User Interfaces for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Barbara, University of

    NCGIA Initiative 13 "User Interfaces for Geographic Information Systems" Closing Report David M. Mark Abstract This report describes the results of NCGIA Research Initiative 13 "User Interfaces on User Interfaces for Geographic Information Systems was adopted by the NCGIA in December 1989

  13. Heat transfer in soft nanoscale interfaces: the influence of interface curvature

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kjelstrup, Signe

    Heat transfer in soft nanoscale interfaces: the influence of interface curvature Anders Lervik transient non-equilibrium molecular-dynamics simulations, heat-transfer through nanometer-scale interfaces processes. We show that the modeling of heat transfer across a nanodroplet/fluid interface requires

  14. Sensing Across Mobiles and the Cloud: Architectural Styles and Software Mechanisms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Choi, Haksoo

    2015-01-01

    Mobile Devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .mobile-development/development-devices/ mobile-development-Collaboration of mobile devices and cloud systems are

  15. Plastic flow in solids with interfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anurag Gupta; David Steigmann

    2011-11-25

    A non-equilibrium theory of isothermal and diffusionless evolution of incoherent interfaces within a plastically deforming solid is developed. The irreversible dynamics of the interface are driven by its normal motion, incoherency (slip and misorientation), and an intrinsic plastic flow; and purely by plastic deformation in the bulk away from the interface. Using the continuum theory for defect distribution (in bulk and over the interface) we formulate a general kinematical framework, derive relevant balance laws and jump conditions, and prescribe a thermodynamically consistent constitutive/kinetic structure for interface evolution.

  16. Plastic flow in solids with interfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gupta, Anurag

    2011-01-01

    A non-equilibrium theory of isothermal and diffusionless evolution of incoherent interfaces within a plastically deforming solid is developed. The irreversible dynamics of the interface are driven by its normal motion, incoherency (slip and misorientation), and an intrinsic plastic flow; and purely by plastic deformation in the bulk away from the interface. Using the continuum theory for defect distribution (in bulk and over the interface) we formulate a general kinematical framework, derive relevant balance laws and jump conditions, and prescribe a thermodynamically consistent constitutive/kinetic structure for interface evolution.

  17. MIT Mobile Robots - What's Next?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Flynn, Anita M.

    The MIT Mobile Robot Project began in January of 1985 with the objective of building machines that could operate autonomously and robustly in dynamically changing environments. We now have four working robots, each ...

  18. Imaging mobile zinc in biology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tomat, Elisa

    Trafficking and regulation of mobile zinc pools influence cellular functions and pathological conditions in multiple organs, including brain, pancreas, and prostate. The quest for a dynamic description of zinc distribution ...

  19. Sketch Recognition on Mobile Devices 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lucchese, George 1987-

    2012-11-29

    to suggest that using a finger as an input implement leads to a decrease in simple shape recognition accuracy. These results show that the same geometric shape recognizers developed for pen applications can be used in mobile applications, provided...

  20. Software-Defined Mobile Cloud

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ku, Ian

    2014-01-01

    M. Gerla. “Towards Software- Defined VANETs: ArchitectureI. Ku, Y. Lu, and M. Gerla. “Software-Defined Mobile Cloud:C. Peylo, “CloudMAC: towards software defined WLANs,” ACM

  1. Further Thoughts on Landscaping Mobile Social Media and Mobile Payments in Indonesia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Zhongping

    1 Further Thoughts on Landscaping Mobile Social Media and Mobile Payments in Indonesia Tom and research of the research terms for the "Landscaping Mobile Social Media and Mobile Payments in Indonesia and Mobile Payments in Indonesia," which took place in Surabaya, Indonesia, on September 28 and 29, 2012

  2. On supersymmetric interfaces for string theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yuji Satoh

    2012-03-09

    We construct the world-sheet interface which preserves space-time supersymmetry in type II superstring theories in the Green-Schwarz formalism. This is an analog of the conformal interface in two-dimensional conformal field theory. We show that a class of the supersymmetric interfaces generates T-dualities of type II theories, and that these interfaces have a geometrical interpretation in the doubled target space. We compute the partition function with a pair of the supersymmetric interfaces inserted, from which we read off the spectrum of the modes coupled to the interfaces and the Casimir energy between them. We also derive the transformation rules under which a set of D-branes is transformed to another by the interface.

  3. Advanced Thermal Interface Materials (TIMs) for Power Electronics...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    More Documents & Publications Thermal Performance and Reliability of Bonded Interfaces Thermal Performance and Reliability of Bonded Interfaces Vehicle Technologies...

  4. The mobile common : A guide to mobile open source and its effects on mobile device manufacturers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Markus, Ofri

    2009-01-01

    At the beginning of 2009, the global mobile industry is in the midst of a revolution, characterized by a trend towards openness, driven by technological advances, evolving consumer demands and increasing competition. Open ...

  5. Electrophoresis without charge: Mobility of nanometer-size solutes in water

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohammadhasan Dinpajooh; Dmitry V. Matyushov

    2015-07-28

    We investigate the mobility of nanometer-size solutes in water induced by a uniform external electric field. General arguments are presented to show that a closed surface cutting a volume from a polar liquid will carry an effective non-zero surface charge density when preferential orientation of dipoles exists in the interface. This effective charge will experience a non-vanishing drag in an external electric field even in the absence of free charge carriers. Numerical simulations of model solutes are used to estimate the magnitude of the surface charge density. We find it to be comparable to the values typically reported from the mobility measurements. Hydrated ions can potentially carry a significant excess of the effective charge due to over-polarization of the interface. As a result, the electrokinetic charge can significantly deviate from the physical charge of free charge carriers. We propose to test the model by manipulating the polarizability of hydrated semiconductor nanoparticles with light. The inversion of the mobility direction can be achieved by photoexcitation, which increases the nanoparticle polarizability and leads to an inversion of the dipolar orientations of water molecules in the interface.

  6. Surface rheology and interface stability.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yaklin, Melissa A.; Cote, Raymond O.; Moffat, Harry K.; Grillet, Anne Mary; Walker, Lynn; Koehler, Timothy P.; Reichert, Matthew D.; Castaneda, Jaime N.; Mondy, Lisa Ann; Brooks, Carlton, F.

    2010-11-01

    We have developed a mature laboratory at Sandia to measure interfacial rheology, using a combination of home-built, commercially available, and customized commercial tools. An Interfacial Shear Rheometer (KSV ISR-400) was modified and the software improved to increase sensitivity and reliability. Another shear rheometer, a TA Instruments AR-G2, was equipped with a du Nouey ring, bicone geometry, and a double wall ring. These interfacial attachments were compared to each other and to the ISR. The best results with the AR-G2 were obtained with the du Nouey ring. A Micro-Interfacial Rheometer (MIR) was developed in house to obtain the much higher sensitivity given by a smaller probe. However, it was found to be difficult to apply this technique for highly elastic surfaces. Interfaces also exhibit dilatational rheology when the interface changes area, such as occurs when bubbles grow or shrink. To measure this rheological response we developed a Surface Dilatational Rheometer (SDR), in which changes in surface tension with surface area are measured during the oscillation of the volume of a pendant drop or bubble. All instruments were tested with various surfactant solutions to determine the limitations of each. In addition, foaming capability and foam stability were tested and compared with the rheology data. It was found that there was no clear correlation of surface rheology with foaming/defoaming with different types of surfactants, but, within a family of surfactants, rheology could predict the foam stability. Diffusion of surfactants to the interface and the behavior of polyelectrolytes were two subjects studied with the new equipment. Finally, surface rheological terms were added to a finite element Navier-Stokes solver and preliminary testing of the code completed. Recommendations for improved implementation were given. When completed we plan to use the computations to better interpret the experimental data and account for the effects of the underlying bulk fluid.

  7. I-PMIP: An Inter-Domain Mobility Extension for Proxy-Mobile IP

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fu, Xiaoming

    -based localized mobility management that avoids tunneling overhead on the inter- face which connects a MN to it PMIP-enabled mobility domain, the new mobile access gateways do not have any relation to the previous

  8. Evaluation of Traffic Data Obtained via GPS-Enabled Mobile Phones: the Mobile Century Field Experiment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Herrera, Juan C.; Work, Daniel B.; Herring, Ryan; Ban, Xuegang Jeff; Bayen, Alexandre M

    2009-01-01

    using GPS en- abled mobile devices. In Proc. of the 47thdata from GPS enabled mobile devices. In the case of thewhen sampling using mobile devices. A variety of methods can

  9. Transport Infrastructure and the Environment: Sustainable Mobility and Urbanism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cervero, Robert

    2013-01-01

    the Environment: Sustainable Mobility and Urbanism Robertthe Environment: Sustainable Mobility and Urbanism RobertGlobal South on more sustainable mobility and urbanization

  10. Lightweight social communication using visual media and mobile phones

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cowan, Lisa G.

    2011-01-01

    projected displays of mobile devices. Proc. INTERACT, pagestouch: A see-through mobile device. In Proceedings of theusing visual media and mobile devices. We considered the

  11. Mobile Transit Trip Planning with Real-Time Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jariyasunant, Jerald; Work, Daniel B.; Kerkez, Branko; Sengupta, Raja; Glaser, Steven; Bayen, Alexandre

    2011-01-01

    using gps enabled mobile devices. 47th IEEE Conference ontrip planner (TTP) for mobile devices called Transitr, andsystem accessible on mobile devices de- signed to use this

  12. Support Mobile and Distributed Applications with Named Data Networking

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhu, Zhenkai

    2013-01-01

    protocols for PDAs and mobile devices. ” IEEE Network, 16(does offer users and mobile devices more flexibility andawareness in the mobile devices (and thus the legacy devices

  13. Mobile worksystems for decontamination and decommissioning operations. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1997-02-01

    This project is an interdisciplinary effort to develop effective mobile worksystems for decontamination and decommissioning (D&D) of facilities within the DOE Nuclear Weapons Complex. These mobile worksystems will be configured to operate within the environmental and logistical constraints of such facilities and to perform a number of work tasks. Our program is designed to produce a mobile worksystem with capabilities and features that are matched to the particular needs of D&D work by evolving the design through a series of technological developments, performance tests and evaluations. The Phase I effort was based on a robot called the Remote Work Vehicle (RWV) that was previously developed by CMU for use in D&D operations at the Three Mile Island Unit 2 Reactor Building basement. During Phase I of this program, the RWV was rehabilitated and upgraded with contemporary control and user interface technologies and used as a testbed for remote D&D operations. We established a close working relationship with the DOE Robotics Technology Development Program (RTDP). In the second phase, we designed and developed a next generation mobile worksystem, called Rosie, and a semi-automatic task space scene analysis system, called Artisan, using guidance from RTDP. Both systems are designed to work with and complement other RTDP D&D technologies to execute selective equipment removal scenarios in which some part of an apparatus is extricated while minimally disturbing the surrounding objects. RTDP has identified selective equipment removal as a timely D&D mission, one that is particularly relevant during the de-activation and de-inventory stages of facility transitioning as a means to reduce the costs and risks associated with subsequent surveillance and monitoring. In the third phase, we tested and demonstrated core capabilities of Rosie and Artisan; we also implemented modifications and enhancements that improve their relevance to DOE`s facility transitioning mission.

  14. High Performance Thermal Interface Technology Overview

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R. Linderman; T. Brunschwiler; B. Smith; B. Michel

    2008-01-07

    An overview on recent developments in thermal interfaces is given with a focus on a novel thermal interface technology that allows the formation of 2-3 times thinner bondlines with strongly improved thermal properties at lower assembly pressures. This is achieved using nested hierarchical surface channels to control the particle stacking with highly particle-filled materials. Reliability testing with thermal cycling has also demonstrated a decrease in thermal resistance after extended times with longer overall lifetime compared to a flat interface.

  15. Flexible feature interface for multimedia sources

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Coffland, Douglas R. (Livermore, CA)

    2009-06-09

    A flexible feature interface for multimedia sources system that includes a single interface for the addition of features and functions to multimedia sources and for accessing those features and functions from remote hosts. The interface utilizes the export statement: export "C" D11Export void FunctionName(int argc, char ** argv,char * result, SecureSession *ctrl) or the binary equivalent of the export statement.

  16. Screening of remote charge scattering sites from the oxide/silicon interface of strained Si two-dimensional electron gases by an intermediate tunable shielding electron layer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Huang, Chiao-Ti, E-mail: chiaoti@princeton.edu; Li, Jiun-Yun; Chou, Kevin S.; Sturm, James C. [Department of Electrical Engineering, Princeton Institute for the Science and Technology of Materials, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey 08544 (United States)

    2014-06-16

    We report the strong screening of the remote charge scattering sites from the oxide/semiconductor interface of buried enhancement-mode undoped Si two-dimensional electron gases (2DEGs), by introducing a tunable shielding electron layer between the 2DEG and the scattering sites. When a high density of electrons in the buried silicon quantum well exists, the tunneling of electrons from the buried layer to the surface quantum well can lead to the formation of a nearly immobile surface electron layer. The screening of the remote charges at the interface by this newly formed surface electron layer results in an increase in the mobility of the buried 2DEG. Furthermore, a significant decrease in the minimum mobile electron density of the 2DEG occurs as well. Together, these effects can reduce the increased detrimental effect of interface charges as the setback distance for the 2DEG to the surface is reduced for improved lateral confinement by top gates.

  17. Elastic interface acoustic waves in twinned crystals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michel Destrade

    2013-04-30

    A new type of Interface Acoustic Waves (IAW) is presented, for single-crystal orthotropic twins bonded symmetrically along a plane containing only one common crystallographic axis. The effective boundary conditions show that the waves are linearly polarized at the interface, either transversally or longitudinally. Then the secular equation is obtained in full analytical form using new relationships for the displacement-traction quadrivector at the interface. For Gallium Arsenide and for Silicon, it is found that the IAWs with transverse (resp. longitudinal) polarization at the interface are of the Stoneley (resp. leaky) type.

  18. Superconductivity observed in platinum-silicon interface

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kuo, Pai-Chia, E-mail: paichia@phys.sinica.edu.tw [Research Program on Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, Academia Sinica, Taipei 11529, Taiwan (China); Institute of Physics, Academia Sinica, Taipei 11529, Taiwan (China); Department of Materials Science and Engineering, National Taiwan University, Taipei 10617, Taiwan (China); Chen, Chun-Wei [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, National Taiwan University, Taipei 10617, Taiwan (China); Lee, Ku-Pin; Shiue, Jessie, E-mail: yshiue@phys.sinica.edu.tw [Research Program on Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, Academia Sinica, Taipei 11529, Taiwan (China); Institute of Physics, Academia Sinica, Taipei 11529, Taiwan (China)

    2014-05-26

    We report the discovery of superconductivity with an onset temperature of ?0.6?K in a platinum-silicon interface. The interface was formed by using a unique focused ion beam sputtering micro-deposition method in which the energies of most sputtered Pt atoms are ?2.5?eV. Structural and elemental analysis by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy reveal a???7?nm interface layer with abundant Pt, which is the layer likely responsible for the superconducting transport behavior. Similar transport behavior was also observed in a gold-silicon interface prepared by the same technique, indicating the possible generality of this phenomenon.

  19. Elastic Wave Behavior Across Linear Slip Interfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schoenberg, M.

    Reflection and transmission coefficients for harmonic plane waves incident at arbitrary angles upon a plane linear slip interface are computed in terms of the.

  20. Interface Induced Carbonate Mineralization: A Fundamental Geochemical

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Interface Induced Carbonate Mineralization: A Fundamental Geochemical Process Relevant to Carbon Sequestration Teng, H. Henry PI, The George Washington University PI, The George...

  1. NETL Research: Energy and Water Interface

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Water and Energy Interface Water and energy are inextricably linked. Because thermoelectric generation and fossil fuel extraction can impact water resources, it is critically...

  2. MOBILITY, AUTONOMY, AND SENSING FOR MOBILE RADARS IN POLAR ENVIRONMENTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kansas, University of

    platform. This report is organized into five sections: snowmobile versus CMU Nomad, sensors, laser range. It is necessary to determine feasibility of the snowmobile as a mobile robotics platform, and to expose any unseen of a small car. It's height is also 2.4 meters, but this is relatively unimportant for our considerations

  3. Open Worldsheets for Holographic Interfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marco Chiodaroli; Eric D'Hoker; Michael Gutperle

    2010-01-27

    Type IIB supergravity admits Janus and multi-Janus solutions with eight unbroken supersymmetries that are locally asymptotic to AdS_3 x S^3 x M_4 (where M_4 is either T^4 or K_3). These solutions are dual to two or more CFTs defined on half-planes which share a common line interface. Their geometry consists of an AdS_2 x S^2 x M_4 fibration over a simply connected Riemann surface Sigma with boundary. In the present paper, we show that regular exact solutions exist also for surfaces Sigma which are not simply connected. Specifically, we construct in detail solutions for which Sigma has the topology of an annulus. This construction is generalized to produce solutions for any surface Sigma with the topology of an open string worldsheet with g holes.

  4. User Interface History User Interfaces have been around as long as computers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Myers, Brad A.

    , HCI History, Interaction Technology History. ACM Classification Keywords H 5.2 User Interfaces; K.2 History of Computing ­ Software. Introduction In the last decades, historians of technology have writtenUser Interface History Abstract User Interfaces have been around as long as computers have existed

  5. Corner defects in almost planar interface propagation Defauts faibles en propagation d'interfaces planes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scheel, Arnd

    fronts in solid and gaseous combustion have stimulated a variety of different approaches to interface on the interface, to seemingly chaotic motion of the interface. In a slightly different context, front and pulse-Zhabotinsky reaction. Propagation and reflective or annihilation collision of 2-dimensional pulse trains has also been

  6. Random access wireless networks with controlled mobility

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Modiano, Eytan H.

    This paper considers wireless networks where messages arriving randomly (in time and space) are collected by a mobile receiver. The messages are transmitted to the mobile receiver according to a random access scheme and ...

  7. Characterizing User Mobility in Wireless Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nunes, Bruno Astuto Arouche

    2012-01-01

    Symmetry of User Mobility in Wireless Networks 3.1 MobilityAnalysis of a local-area wireless network. In ACM MOBI- COMand evaluation of wireless networks and their protocols.

  8. Communication Paradigms for Mobile Ad Hoc Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collins, Justin Scott

    2014-01-01

    Mur06] Amy L. Murphy et al. “Lime: A Coordination Middlewareof mobile devices using the LIME II tuple-space framework. ”Bogdan Carbunar and et al. “Lime revisited. ” In Mobile

  9. Ecotransology : integrated design for urban mobility

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joachim, Mitchell Whitney

    2006-01-01

    This thesis demonstrates a rethinking of urban mobility through ecological design. Human mobility and ecological accountability are inextricably linked in city design; our current world ecological crisis underscores this ...

  10. Supply chain for mobile network operator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Kenneth Lap Chi

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to understand and get insights on the characteristics of mobile device supply chain management for mobile networks operators. The relationship between corporate strategy and supply chain strategy ...

  11. Innovative Mobile Technologies for Asset Tracking 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liko, W.

    2013-01-01

    - Innovative Mobile Technologies for Asset Tracking Agenda ? Learn how clients have mobilized their enterprise data to increase the consistent capture and reporting of important building information, from lease data to work orders to space & occupancy...

  12. Sinch : searching intelligently on a mobile device

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nayak, Rajeev (Rajeev R.)

    2010-01-01

    Sinch is an application that allows mobile device users to obtain answers to their questions without having to perform a web search in their mobile browser. Questions are answered by human beings using Mechanical Turk, an ...

  13. On Data Caching for Mobile Clouds 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Feng, Ying

    2014-04-30

    Recent advances in smart device technologies have enabled a new computing paradigm in which large amounts of data are stored and processed on mobile devices. Despite the available powerful hardware, the actual capabilities of mobile devices...

  14. Highly-reduced Fine-structure splitting in InAs/InP quantum dots offering efficient on-demand 1.55 $\\mu$m entangled photon emitter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    He, Lixin; Li, Chuan-Feng; Guo, Guang-Can; Zunger, Alex

    2008-01-01

    To generate entangled photon pairs via quantum dots (QDs), the exciton fine structure splitting (FSS) must be comparable to the exciton homogeneous line width. Yet in the (In,Ga)As/GaAs QD, the intrinsic FSS is about a few tens $\\mu$eV. To achieve photon entanglement, it is necessary to Cherry-pick a sample with extremely small FSS from a large number of samples, or to apply strong in-plane magnetic field. Using theoretical modeling of the fundamental causes of FSS in QDs, we predict that the intrinsic FSS of InAs/InP QDs is an order of magnitude smaller than that of InAs/GaAs dots, and better yet, their excitonic gap matches the 1.55 $\\mu$m fiber optic wavelength, therefore offer efficient on-demand entangled photon emitters for long distance quantum communication.

  15. A taxonomy and business analysis for mobile web applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Kevin H

    2009-01-01

    Mobile web applications refer to web applications on mobile devices, aimed at personalizing, integrating, and discovering mobile contents in user contexts. This thesis presents a comprehensive study of mobile web applications ...

  16. Operations Manual MobileRobots Exclusive

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    BotTM, PowerBotTM, PatrolBotTM, ARCSinsideTM, SetNetGoTM, MobilePlannerTM, MobileSimTM and MobileEyesTM are trademarks of MobileRobots Inc. Other names and logos for companies and products mentioned or featured in this document are often registered trademarks or trademarks of their respective companies. Mention of any third

  17. Sensor Relocation with Mobile Sensors:Sensor Relocation with Mobile Sensors: Design,Design,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schindelhauer, Christian

    Sensor Relocation with Mobile Sensors:Sensor Relocation with Mobile Sensors: Design,Design, Implementation, and EvaluationImplementation, and Evaluation Jie Teng, Tim Bolbrock, Guohong Cao, and Tom La of Freiburg #12;OverviewOverview · Sensor networks · mobile sensor · mobile robot · Mote · sensor relocation

  18. Mobile MapReduce: Minimizing Response Time of Computing Intensive Mobile Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Songqing

    from traditional mobile devices (e.g., cellphones) that are mainly used for voice communication, mobile devices today are typically equipped with much more powerful processor and more sensors. Such increasing power of mobile devices has enabled fast development of mobile applications, such as picture editing

  19. Can Mobile-to-Mobile Browser Cache Cooperation Reduce Energy Consumption of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New South Wales, University of

    Can Mobile-to-Mobile Browser Cache Cooperation Reduce Energy Consumption of Internet Access? Abdul find that short-range cache cooperation can reduce 3G browsing energy consumption by 13%. Finally, we for determining the energy performance of mobile- to-mobile cooperative caching schemes. However, to the best

  20. Supporting Mobile Service Usage through Physical Mobile Interaction Gregor Broll1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and the interaction with them are still restricted by the constraints of mobile devices. In order to facilitate Service technology and Physical Mobile Interaction. This interaction paradigm uses mobile devices and established as in Desktop Computing. Despite the technical progress in Mobile Computing, most of its devices

  1. Collaborative Learning at the Interface of Mathematics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ishida, Yuko

    Collaborative Learning at the Interface of Mathematics and Biology The Collaborative Learning at the Interface of Mathematics and Biology (CLIMB) program emphasizes hands-on training and research using mathematics and computation to answer state-of-the-art questions in biology. What is CLIMB? a one year

  2. On the shear instability of fluid interfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Alexakis; Y. Young; R. Rosner

    2001-10-31

    We examine the linear stability of fluid interfaces subjected to a shear flow. Our main object is to generalize previous work to arbitrary Atwood number, and to allow for surface tension and weak compressibility. The motivation derives from instances in astrophysical systems where mixing across material interfaces driven by shear flows may significantly affect the dynamical evolution of these systems.

  3. Models for MetaVCeramic Interface Fracture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Suo, Zhigang

    ChaDter 12 Models for MetaVCeramic Interface Fracture ZHIGANG SUO C. FONG SHIH Metal shortcomingthat haslimited their wide- spread use-their tendency to fracture easily. In many systems, the low on interface fracture are reviewed in this chapter. With few exceptions, attention is limited to continuum

  4. Improving Automatic Interface Generation with Smart Templates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Myers, Brad A.

    , appliances, personal digital assistants (PDAs), personal universal controller (PUC) 1. INTRODUCTION A common to apply the conventions through analysis of the interface specification. Some systems [7] have dealt. Other systems [2] rely on human designers to add design conventions to the interfaces after

  5. INTERFACE ADHESION: EFFECTS OF PLASTICITY AND SEGREGATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hutchinson, John W.

    INTERFACE ADHESION: EFFECTS OF PLASTICITY AND SEGREGATION A. G. EVANS, J. W. HUTCHINSON{ and Y. WEIÐThe adhesion at interfaces between dissimilar materials is strongly aected by both segregation and the extent either by alloying with elements that ``getter'' the contaminants or by using an ``adhesion layer

  6. Environmental Chemistry at Vapor/Water Interfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Environmental Chemistry at Vapor/Water Interfaces: Insights from Vibrational Sum Frequency for manyyearsowingtoitscomplexityandimportanceindescribingawiderange of physical phenomena. The vapor/water interface is particularly interesting from an environmental for these systems is highlighted. A future perspective toward the application of VSFG to the study of environmental

  7. A Painting Interface for Interactive Surface Deformations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A Painting Interface for Interactive Surface Deformations Jason Lawrence a Thomas Funkhouser a a with a painting interface that gives the user direct, local control over a physical simulation. The "paint" a user- locity, the user can effect surface deformations. We have found that this painting metaphor gives

  8. Disembedding Computers Interfacing Ubiquitous William Edmondson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edmondson, William

    Disembedding Computers ­ Interfacing Ubiquitous Computers William Edmondson Advanced Interaction interpretations of the term `Ubiquitous Computing' - many computers; people using them much of the time; embedded, Ubiquitous computers. ACM Classification Keywords H.5 Information Interfaces and Presentation (e.g., HCI). H

  9. Mobile sensor network to monitor wastewater collection pipelines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lim, Jungsoo

    2012-01-01

    Advanced pipeline monitoringDesign of mobile pipeline floating sensor “SewerSnortIllustration of mobile pipeline floating sensor monitoring

  10. Transport Infrastructure and the Environment: Sustainable Mobility and Urbanism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cervero, Robert

    2013-01-01

    ideas for advancing sustainable urbanism and mobility willand sustainable transport and urbanism everywhere --the Environment: Sustainable Mobility and Urbanism Robert

  11. Mobile Alternative Fueling Station Locator

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2009-04-01

    The Department of Energy's Alternative Fueling Station Locator is available on-the-go via cell phones, BlackBerrys, or other personal handheld devices. The mobile locator allows users to find the five closest biodiesel, electricity, E85, hydrogen, natural gas, and propane fueling sites using Google technology.

  12. Software Models for Mobile Wireless Evaggelia Pitoura

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pitoura, Evaggelia

    with a given cost and level of technology ) mobile elements with less resources (e.g., memory, screen size' & $ % Software Models for Mobile Wireless Computing Evaggelia Pitoura Computer Science Department #12; ' & $ % Introduction Restrictions [25, 7, 10, 2]: Mobility ffl System configuration is no longer

  13. Mobile Communities Requirements and Features for Success

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    for mobile devices have to cope with their constraints regarding technology and usability (e.g. short battery.broll@ifi.lmu.de Philipp Lehmann Burda Wireless GmbH philipp.lehmann@burda.com ABSTRACT Advancements in mobile technologies and decreasing charges are starting to leverage the mobile usage of the internet and its applications. This paper

  14. Community-Aware Mobile Networking Michael Kuhn

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Not surprisingly, similar applications have started to enter the ever growing market of mobile devices. More in order to find an exact match in the vicinity of the device. We believe that community-supporting mobile pattern of mobile devices, which in contrast to the wired world is not place and time, but event

  15. The role of moving air-water interfaces in colloid mobilization within the vadose zone

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saiers, James

    , and a peristaltic pump positioned at the column base maintained a steady volumetric discharge (Qd) of 49 cm3 hÀ1

  16. The Virtual Raft Project: A Mobile Interface for Interacting with Communities of Autonomous Characters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tomlinson, Bill

    Dimensional Graphics and Realism: Animation INTRODUCTION The Virtual Raft Project is a multidisciplinary a virtual environment inhabited by a small community of animated characters. These characters exhibit simple this by means of a virtual "raft" ­ a Tablet PC that can be moved in physical space by a human interactor. When

  17. Interfaces and multicomponent fluids Junseok Kim and John Lowengrub

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frey, Pascal

    Interfaces and multicomponent fluids Junseok Kim and John Lowengrub Department of Mathematics to characterize moving interfaces. The two main ap- proaches to simulating multiphase and multicomponent flows are interface tracking and interface capturing. In interface tracking methods (examples in- clude boundary

  18. LaTiO3/KTaO3 interfaces: A new two-dimensional electron gas system

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Zou, K.; Ismail-Beigi, Sohrab; Kisslinger, Kim; Shen, Xuan; Su, Dong; Walker, F. J.; Ahn, C. H.

    2015-03-01

    We report a new 2D electron gas (2DEG) system at the interface between a Mott insulator, LaTiO3, and a band insulator, KTaO3. For LaTiO3/KTaO3 interfaces, we observe metallic conduction from 2 K to 300 K. One serious technological limitation of SrTiO3-based conducting oxide interfaces for electronics applications is the relatively low carrier mobility (0.5-10 cm2/V s) of SrTiO3 at room temperature. By using KTaO3, we achieve mobilities in LaTiO3/KTaO3 interfaces as high as 21 cm2/V s at room temperature, over a factor of 3 higher than observed in doped bulk SrTiO3. By density functional theory, we attribute the higher mobilitymore »in KTaO3 2DEGs to the smaller effective mass for electrons in KTaO3. C« less

  19. Hole drift mobility measurements in polycrystalline CuIn1-xGaxSe2 S. A. Dinca and E. A. Schiff

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schiff, Eric A.

    mobility measurements on polycrystalline CuIn1-xGaxSe2 CIGS thin films incorporated into solar-cell of these properties is that solar cells fabricated from the thin- film polycrystalline materials have larger in a depletion region at the top interface with cadmium sulfide. 12 cells, originating in two laboratories, were

  20. Diagnostics on Demand | GE Global Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would like submit theCovalent BondingMeeting |DesignCommunitiesYu &DiagnosisThe

  1. Heap Assumptions on Demand Andreas Podelski1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wies, Thomas

    PROTOTYPE IMPLEMENTATION OF A DEMAND DRIVEN NETWORK MONITORING ARCHITECTURE Augusto Ciuffoletti for demand driven monitoring, named gd2, that can be potentially integrated in the gLite framework. We capable of managing the scalability challenge offered by a Grid environment: i) demand driven

  2. On Demand Surveillance Service in Vehicular Cloud

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weng, Jui-Ting

    2013-01-01

    1.2 Cloud computing to Vehicular CloudM. Gerla. Vehicular Cloud Computing, VCA 2012 Proceedings,single vehicle cannot. Cloud computing to Vehicular Cloud

  3. On Demand Surveillance Service in Vehicular Cloud

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weng, Jui-Ting

    2013-01-01

    battery lifetime. Cellular phone users do contribute crowd-sourced imagesbattery lifetime. Cellular phone users do contribute crowd-sourced images

  4. National Action Plan on Demand Response

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousMathematicsEnergyInterested Parties -Department of EnergyNEW1forEnergyatEnergy 6 3 9 12 6 3 9

  5. T-Mobile and Nokia collaborate to open up an integrated marketplace for mobile content and Internet services

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deutschmann, Rainer

    Deutschmann, Senior Vice President, Mobile Internet at T-Mobile International. "Nokia Series 40 devices offerT-Mobile and Nokia collaborate to open up an integrated marketplace for mobile content and Internet and other content offered by both T-Mobile's widget gallery and Nokia's Ovi Store · Through T-Mobile's web

  6. Water at interface with proteins

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Giancarlo Franzese; Valentino Bianco; Svilen Iskrov

    2010-12-07

    Water is essential for the activity of proteins. However, the effect of the properties of water on the behavior of proteins is only partially understood. Recently, several experiments have investigated the relation between the dynamics of the hydration water and the dynamics of protein. These works have generated a large amount of data whose interpretation is debated. New experiments measure the dynamics of water at low temperature on the surface of proteins, finding a qualitative change (crossover) that might be related to the slowing down and stop of the protein's activity (protein glass transition), possibly relevant for the safe preservation of organic material at low temperature. To better understand the experimental data several scenarios have been discussed. Here, we review these experiments and discuss their interpretations in relation with the anomalous properties of water. We summarize the results for the thermodynamics and dynamics of supercooled water at an interface. We consider also the effect of water on protein stability, making a step in the direction of understanding, by means of Monte Carlo simulations and theoretical calculations, how the interplay of water cooperativity and hydrogen bonds interfacial strengthening affects the protein cold denaturation.

  7. Thermodynamic and morphological transitions in crystalline and soft material interfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tang, Ming, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2008-01-01

    Interfaces are defects present in all materials. Interface transitions are characterized by abrupt changes in interface structure, chemistry and/or morphology under suitable conditions. They exist in many material systems ...

  8. Photoinduced Excited State Electron Transfer at Liquid/Liquid Interfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cooper, Jason K; Benjamin, Ilan

    2014-01-01

    of Coumarin- 314 at the Water/Air Interface. J. Phys. Chem.Solvation of Coumarin 314 at Water/Air Interfaces AontainingSolvation Dynamics at the Air/Water Interface with Time-

  9. WETTING, SPREADING AND REACTIONS AT LIQUID/SOLID INTERFACES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pask, J.A.

    2010-01-01

    on Glass- Metal Interface Reactions and Adherence," J. Am.oxide on the metal at the interface directly: Fe + H0 - +rigid phase at the interface at temperature introduce

  10. UV Second-Harmonic Studies of Concentrated Aqueous Electrolyte Interfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Otten, Dale Edward

    2010-01-01

    et al. , J. Colloid Interface Sci. , "The ? -Potential ofElectrons at the Water/Air Interface," 132, 6917 (2010)at the Aqueous/Air Interface," 113, 11672 (2009) Paluch,

  11. Towards Low-cost Feature-rich Web User Interfaces 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Wonseok

    2012-02-14

    Web-based user interfaces are used widely. They are replacing conventional desktop-based user interfaces in many domains and are emerging as front-ends for online businesses. The technologies for web user interfaces have advanced considerably...

  12. Capillary migration of microdisks on curved interfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lu Yao; Nima Sharifi-Mood; Iris B. Liu; Kathleen J. Stebe

    2014-12-23

    The capillary energy landscape for particles on curved fluid interfaces is strongly influenced by the particle wetting conditions. Contact line pinning has now been widely reported for colloidal particles, but its implications in capillary interactions have not been addressed. Here, we present experiment and analysis for disks with pinned contact lines on curved fluid interfaces. In experiment, we study microdisk migration on a host interface with zero mean curvature; the microdisks have contact lines pinned at their sharp edges and are sufficiently small that gravitational effects are negligible. The disks migrate away from planar regions toward regions of steep curvature with capillary energies inferred from the dissipation along particle trajectories which are linear in the deviatoric curvature. We derive the curvature capillary energy for an interface with arbitrary curvature, and discuss each contribution to the expression. By adsorbing to a curved interface, a particle eliminates a patch of fluid interface and perturbs the surrounding interface shape. Analysis predicts that perfectly smooth, circular disks do not migrate, and that nanometric deviations from a planar circular, contact line, like those around a weakly roughened planar disk, will drive migration with linear dependence on deviatoric curvature, in agreement with experiment.

  13. Automatic generation of hardware/software interfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    King, Myron D.

    Enabling new applications for mobile devices often requires the use of specialized hardware to reduce power consumption. Because of time-to-market pressure, current design methodologies for embedded applications require ...

  14. Stability of relativistic plasma-vacuum interfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yuri Trakhinin

    2011-11-18

    We study the plasma-vacuum interface problem in relativistic magnetohydrodynamics for the case when the plasma density does not go to zero continuously, but jumps. In the vacuum region we consider the Maxwell equations for electric and magnetic fields. We show that a sufficiently large vacuum electric field can make the planar interface violently unstable. By using a suitable secondary symmetrization of the vacuum Maxwell equations, we find a sufficient condition that precludes violent instabilities. Under this condition we derive an energy a priori estimate in the anisotropic weighted Sobolev space $H^1_*$ for the variable coefficients linearized problem for nonplanar plasma-vacuum interfaces.

  15. XOP : a graphical user interface for spectral calculations and...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    XOP : a graphical user interface for spectral calculations and x-ray optics utilities. Citation Details In-Document Search Title: XOP : a graphical user interface for spectral...

  16. T-703: Cisco Unified Communications Manager Open Query Interface...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Cisco Unified Communications Manager Open Query Interface Lets Remote Users Obtain Database Contents T-703: Cisco Unified Communications Manager Open Query Interface Lets Remote...

  17. Integration of Advanced Materials and Interfaces for Durable...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Advanced Materials and Interfaces for Durable Thermoelectric Automobile Exhaust Waste Heat Harvesting Devices Integration of Advanced Materials and Interfaces for Durable...

  18. Mobile phone and my health

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Surducan, Aneta [Nicolae Balcescu High School, 6 Constanta St., 400158 Cluj-Napoca (Romania)] [Nicolae Balcescu High School, 6 Constanta St., 400158 Cluj-Napoca (Romania); Dabala, Dana [National Railways Medical Clinic,, Occupational Medicine Department, 16-20 Republicii St., 400015 Cluj-Napoca (Romania)] [National Railways Medical Clinic,, Occupational Medicine Department, 16-20 Republicii St., 400015 Cluj-Napoca (Romania); Neamtu, Camelia, E-mail: emanoil.surducan@itim-cj.ro; Surducan, Vasile, E-mail: emanoil.surducan@itim-cj.ro; Surducan, Emanoil, E-mail: emanoil.surducan@itim-cj.ro [National Institute for Research and Development of Isotopic and Molecular Technologies, 65-103 Donath St., 400293 Cluj-Napoca (Romania)] [National Institute for Research and Development of Isotopic and Molecular Technologies, 65-103 Donath St., 400293 Cluj-Napoca (Romania)

    2013-11-13

    The interaction of the microwave radiation emitted by mobile phones with the user's body is analyzed from the International Commission on Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection (ICNIRP) recommendations perspective as a correlation between the specific absorption ratio (SAR) of the mobile phone and the call duration. The relative position of the cell phone to the user's body, the dielectric properties of the exposed body parts, the SAR value and the call duration are considered in the local body temperature rise due to the microwave heating effect. The recommended local temperature rise limit in the human body is evaluated according to standards. The aim of this study is to disseminate information to young people, especially high school students, about the microwave thermal effects on the human body, to make them aware of the environmental electromagnetic pollution and to offer them a simple method of biological self protection.

  19. Emergent Phenomena at Oxide Interfaces

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hwang, H.Y.

    2012-02-16

    Transition metal oxides (TMOs) are an ideal arena for the study of electronic correlations because the s-electrons of the transition metal ions are removed and transferred to oxygen ions, and hence the strongly correlated d-electrons determine their physical properties such as electrical transport, magnetism, optical response, thermal conductivity, and superconductivity. These electron correlations prohibit the double occupancy of metal sites and induce a local entanglement of charge, spin, and orbital degrees of freedom. This gives rise to a variety of phenomena, e.g., Mott insulators, various charge/spin/orbital orderings, metal-insulator transitions, multiferroics, and superconductivity. In recent years, there has been a burst of activity to manipulate these phenomena, as well as create new ones, using oxide heterostructures. Most fundamental to understanding the physical properties of TMOs is the concept of symmetry of the order parameter. As Landau recognized, the essence of phase transitions is the change of the symmetry. For example, ferromagnetic ordering breaks the rotational symmetry in spin space, i.e., the ordered phase has lower symmetry than the Hamiltonian of the system. There are three most important symmetries to be considered here. (i) Spatial inversion (I), defined as r {yields} -r. In the case of an insulator, breaking this symmetry can lead to spontaneous electric polarization, i.e. ferroelectricity, or pyroelectricity once the point group belongs to polar group symmetry. (ii) Time-reversal symmetry (T) defined as t {yields} -t. In quantum mechanics, the time-evolution of the wave-function {Psi} is given by the phase factor e{sup -iEt/{h_bar}} with E being the energy, and hence time-reversal basically corresponds to taking the complex conjugate of the wave-function. Also the spin, which is induced by the 'spinning' of the particle, is reversed by time-reversal. Broken T-symmetry is most naturally associated with magnetism, since the spin operator changes sign with T-operation. (iii) Gauge symmetry (G), which is associated with a change in the phase of the wave-function as {Psi} {yields} e{sup i{theta}}{Psi}. Gauge symmetry is connected to the law of charge conservation, and broken G-symmetry corresponds to superconductivity/superfluidity. To summarize, the interplay among these electronic degrees of freedom produces various forms of symmetry breaking patterns of I, T, and G, leading to novel emergent phenomena, which can appear only by the collective behavior of electrons and cannot be expected from individual electrons. Figure 1 shows this schematically by means of several representative phenomena. From this viewpoint, the interfaces of TMOs offer a unique and important laboratory because I is already broken by the structure itself, and the detailed form of broken I-symmetry can often be designed. Also, two-dimensionality usually enhances the effects of electron correlations by reducing their kinetic energy. These two features of oxide interfaces produce many novel effects and functions that cannot be attained in bulk form. Given that the electromagnetic responses are a major source of the physical properties of solids, and new gauge structures often appear in correlated electronic systems, we put 'emergent electromagnetism' at the center of Fig. 1.

  20. Toolkits and interface creativity Saul Greenberg

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greenberg, Saul

    Science + Business Media, LLC 2006 Abstract Interface toolkits in ordinary application areas let average undone or it becomes a poorly functioning hack. Because programmers lack appropriate training and only

  1. Autonomous pedestrian interfaces for community networking

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bonanni, Leonardo Amerigo, 1977-

    2003-01-01

    Efforts to bridge the digital divide have concentrated on community computer centers dependent on subsidy and constant supervision. This thesis considers the design of public digital interfaces that are physically and ...

  2. Activity based interfaces in online social networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laraqui, Jawad

    2007-01-01

    The goal of the project is to explore how activity-based interfaces can create more meaningful experiences for the users and builders of online social networking sites. Medina, a social-networking site based on the idea ...

  3. Film bonded fuel cell interface configuration

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kaufman, Arthur (West Orange, NJ); Terry, Peter L. (Chatham, NJ)

    1989-01-01

    The present invention relates to improved elements for use in fuel cell stacks, and more particularly, to a stack having a corrosion-resistant, electrally conductive, fluid-impervious interface member therein.

  4. Electrical interfaces for electromechanical and energy systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chaney, Rachel M

    2010-01-01

    The design, construction, and testing of a versatile robot driver circuit is described. The printed circuit board produced can be used as an interface between any two-motor robot and the R31-JP, an eight-bit microcontroller ...

  5. From corrosion to batteries: Electrochemical interface studies...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    From corrosion to batteries: Electrochemical interface studies Thursday, October 18, 2012 - 11:00am SSRL, Bldg. 137, Rm 226 Dr. Frank Uwe Renner Max-Planck-Institut fr...

  6. A new theory for interface spreading 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Puthran, Hansraj Nagappa

    1994-01-01

    A new theory for interface spreading during sedimentation of monodisperse suspensions of spheres has been developed. Employing no adjustable parameters, it compares well with new data obtained using magnetic resonance imaging.

  7. Graspables : Grasp recognition as a user interface

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taylor, Brandon Thomas

    2008-01-01

    The Graspables project is an exploration of how measuring the way people hold and manipulate objects can be used as a user interface. As computational power continues to implemented in more and more objects and devices, ...

  8. Engineering nanocarbon interfaces for electron transfer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hilmer, Andrew J. (Andrew Joseph)

    2013-01-01

    Electron-transfer reactions at nanometer-scale interfaces, such as those presented by single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs), are important for emerging optoelectronic and photovoltaic technologies. Electron transfer also ...

  9. Femtosecond Studies of Electron Dynamics at Interfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harris, Charles B.

    B. HARRIS*,, Department of Chemistry, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720, and Chemical Sciences Division, Ernest Orlando Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California at the interface can drastically affect carrier transport properties and the performance of devices. To develop

  10. Proton storage ring: man/machine interface

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lander, R.F.; Clout, P.N.

    1985-01-01

    The human interface of the Proton Storage Ring Control System at Los Alamos is described in some detail, together with the software environment in which operator interaction programs are written. Some examples of operator interaction programs are given.

  11. Roughening and inclination of competition interfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pablo A. Ferrari; James B. Martin; Leandro P. R. Pimentel

    2006-01-10

    The competition interface between two growing ``Young clusters'' (diagrams), in a two-dimensional random cone, is mapped to the path of a second-class particle in the one-dimensional totally asymmetric simple exclusion process. Using the asymptotics of the second class particle and hydrodynamic limits for the exclusion process (Burgers equation), we show that the behavior of the competition interface depends on the angle of the cone: for angles in [180^o, 270^o) the competition interface has a deterministic inclination, while for angles in [90^o,180^o) the inclination is random. We relate the competition model to a model of random directed polymers, and obtain some partial results for the fluctuations of the competition interface.

  12. A phase transition for competition interfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pablo A. Ferrari; James B. Martin; Leandro P. R. Pimentel

    2009-03-02

    We study the competition interface between two growing clusters in a growth model associated to last-passage percolation. When the initial unoccupied set is approximately a cone, we show that this interface has an asymptotic direction with probability 1. The behavior of this direction depends on the angle $\\theta$ of the cone: for $\\theta\\geq180^{\\circ}$, the direction is deterministic, while for $\\thetainterface around its asymptotic direction. The evolution of the competition interface in the growth model can be mapped onto the path of a second-class particle in the totally asymmetric simple exclusion process; from the existence of the limiting direction for the interface, we obtain a new and rather natural proof of the strong law of large numbers (with perhaps a random limit) for the position of the second-class particle at large times.

  13. Local structure of Liquid-Vapour Interfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maia Godonoga; Alex Malins; Jens Eggers; C. Patrick Royall

    2011-02-15

    The structure of a simple liquid may be characterised in terms of ground state clusters of small numbers of atoms of that same liquid. Here we use this sensitive structural probe to consider the effect of a liquid-vapour interface upon the liquid structure. At higher temperatures (above around half the critical temperature) we find that the predominant effect of the interface is to reduce the local density, which significantly suppresses the local cluster populations. At lower temperatures, however, pronounced interfacial layering is found. This appears to be connected with significant orientational ordering of clusters based on 3- and 5-membered rings, with the rings aligning perpendicular and parallel to the interface respectively. At all temperatures, we find that the population of five-fold symmetric structures is suppressed, rather than enhanced, close to the interface.

  14. Colloidal Particles at Chiral Liquid Crystal Interfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anne Claire Pawsey; Juho Lintuvuori

    2014-03-19

    Colloidal particles trapped at an interface between two fluids can form a wide range of different structures. Replacing one of the fluid with a liquid crystal increases the complexity of interactions and results in a greater range of possible structures. New behaviour emerges when colloidal particles interact with defects in the liquid crystal phases. Here we discuss the templating of colloids at a cholesteric isotropic interface.

  15. Ising Interfaces and Free Boundary Conditions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clément Hongler; Kalle Kytölä

    2011-10-17

    We study the interfaces arising in the two-dimensional Ising model at critical temperature, without magnetic field. We show that in the presence of free boundary conditions between plus and minus spins, the scaling limit of these interfaces can be described by a variant of SLE, called dipolar SLE(3). This generalizes a celebrated result of Chelkak and Smirnov and proves a conjecture of Bauer, Bernard and Houdayer. We mention two possible applications of our result.

  16. Mobile Homophily and Social Location Prediction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bapierre, Halgurt; Groh, Georg

    2015-01-01

    The mobility behavior of human beings is predictable to a varying degree e.g. depending on the traits of their personality such as the trait extraversion - introversion: the mobility of introvert users may be more dominated by routines and habitual movement patterns, resulting in a more predictable mobility behavior on the basis of their own location history while, in contrast, extrovert users get about a lot and are explorative by nature, which may hamper the prediction of their mobility. However, socially more active and extrovert users meet more people and share information, experiences, believes, thoughts etc. with others. which in turn leads to a high interdependency between their mobility and social lives. Using a large LBSN dataset, his paper investigates the interdependency between human mobility and social proximity, the influence of social networks on enhancing location prediction of an individual and the transmission of social trends/influences within social networks.

  17. Planet-scale Human Mobility Measurement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pan Hui; Richard Mortier; Tristan Henderson; Jon Crowcroft

    2009-09-18

    Research into, and design and construction of mobile systems and algorithms requires access to large-scale mobility data. Unfortunately, the wireless and mobile research community lacks such data. For instance, the largest available human contact traces contain only 100 nodes with very sparse connectivity, limited by experimental logistics. In this paper we pose a challenge to the community: how can we collect mobility data from billions of human participants? We re-assert the importance of large-scale datasets in communication network design, and claim that this could impact fundamental studies in other academic disciplines. In effect, we argue that planet-scale mobility measurements can help to save the world. For example, through understanding large-scale human mobility, we can track and model and contain the spread of epidemics of various kinds.

  18. English language learners' reading self-efficacy and achievement using 1:1 mobile learning devices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walters, Jennifer L.

    2012-01-01

    when mobile learning devices and mobile learning tasks areinteraction with mobile devices and services. SpringerTechnology Learning Devices Mobile learning devices afford

  19. Designing mobile digital library services for pre-engineering and technology literacy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2007-01-01

    resources for mobile devices and mobile infrastructure todestinations. Software and mobile devices do have a smalldigital resources and mobile devices may not play a key role

  20. High mobility organic field-effect transistor based on water-soluble deoxyribonucleic acid via spray coating

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shi, Wei; Han, Shijiao; Huang, Wei; Yu, Junsheng

    2015-01-26

    High mobility organic field-effect transistors (OFETs) by inserting water-soluble deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) buffer layer between electrodes and pentacene film through spray coating process were fabricated. Compared with the OFETs incorporated with DNA in the conventional organic solvents of ethanol and methanol: water mixture, the water-soluble DNA based OFET exhibited an over four folds enhancement of field-effect mobility from 0.035 to 0.153?cm{sup 2}/Vs. By characterizing the surface morphology and the crystalline structure of pentacene active layer through atomic force microscope and X-ray diffraction, it was found that the adoption of water solvent in DNA solution, which played a key role in enhancing the field-effect mobility, was ascribed to both the elimination of the irreversible organic solvent-induced bulk-like phase transition of pentacene film and the diminution of a majority of charge trapping at interfaces in OFETs.

  1. Mobilizing the Cloud: Enabling Multi-User Mobile Outsourcing in the Cloud Technical Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weissman, Jon

    , resource-intensive applications. Mobile computation outsourcing to external resources has been proposed mobile application outsourcing platform, leveraging the cloud for scalability, elasticity, and multi, current battery technology can only support limited computational power in such a portable and lightweight

  2. Interface Contracts for TinyOS Will Archer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Regehr, John

    Interface Contracts for TinyOS Will Archer School of Computing University of Utah warcher and enforce component interface contracts. Due to the ex- tensive reuse of the most common interfaces, implementing con- tracts for a small number of frequently reused interfaces permitted us to extensively check

  3. NREL's Controllable Grid Interface for Testing Renewable Energy Technologies (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gevorgian, V.

    2014-09-01

    This presentation is an overview of NREL's Controllable Grid Interface capabilities for testing renewable energy technologies.

  4. Smart Material Interfaces: A New Form of Physical Interaction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Theune, Mariët

    metaphors of user interfaces in the field of HCI. Keywords Ubiquitous Computing; Smart Materials; Arduino

  5. Safety-Oriented Design of Component Assemblies using Safety Interfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    FACS 2006 Safety-Oriented Design of Component Assemblies using Safety Interfaces Jonas Elmqvist compositional rules and derived safety interfaces for each component. The derivation of safety interfaces and the automatically generated interfaces. The component model uses reactive modules as the formal notation

  6. Exploring Music Collections on Mobile Devices. Olga Goussevskaia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Exploring Music Collections on Mobile Devices. Olga Goussevskaia Computer Engineering and Networks exploration and retrieval on mobile devices. We present Mobile Music Explorer--a mobile application, which. INTRODUCTION Mobile phones have been turning into multi-purpose en- tertaining devices with increasing storage

  7. Privacy Vulnerability of Published Anonymous Mobility Traces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2010-07-07

    Sep 20, 2010 ... urban sensing, where mobile nodes carried by ordinary city residents or ... of interest in their city areas. ... held devices including smart phones.

  8. Google Archives by Fiscal Year — Mobile Site

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    From the EERE Web Statistics Archive: Corporate sites, retired Google Analytics profile for the Mobile site for fiscal year 2012-13.

  9. Running Greener: E-Mobility at SAP

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    CO 2 neutral Reduce consumption of fossil fuels and noise Environmental Mobility Unique battery subsidy as benefit Enjoy free charging exclusively at SAP's charging spots...

  10. Mobility changes anonymity: new passive threats in mobile ad hoc networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hong, Xiaoyan; Kong, Jiejun; Gerla, Mario

    2006-01-01

    delay on most portable mobile devices. D. Anonymity study inmobile nodes and prepare the counterattacks. The needed eavesdropping devices,

  11. An interface tracking model for droplet electrocoalescence.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Erickson, Lindsay Crowl

    2013-09-01

    This report describes an Early Career Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) project to develop an interface tracking model for droplet electrocoalescence. Many fluid-based technologies rely on electrical fields to control the motion of droplets, e.g. microfluidic devices for high-speed droplet sorting, solution separation for chemical detectors, and purification of biodiesel fuel. Precise control over droplets is crucial to these applications. However, electric fields can induce complex and unpredictable fluid dynamics. Recent experiments (Ristenpart et al. 2009) have demonstrated that oppositely charged droplets bounce rather than coalesce in the presence of strong electric fields. A transient aqueous bridge forms between approaching drops prior to pinch-off. This observation applies to many types of fluids, but neither theory nor experiments have been able to offer a satisfactory explanation. Analytic hydrodynamic approximations for interfaces become invalid near coalescence, and therefore detailed numerical simulations are necessary. This is a computationally challenging problem that involves tracking a moving interface and solving complex multi-physics and multi-scale dynamics, which are beyond the capabilities of most state-of-the-art simulations. An interface-tracking model for electro-coalescence can provide a new perspective to a variety of applications in which interfacial physics are coupled with electrodynamics, including electro-osmosis, fabrication of microelectronics, fuel atomization, oil dehydration, nuclear waste reprocessing and solution separation for chemical detectors. We present a conformal decomposition finite element (CDFEM) interface-tracking method for the electrohydrodynamics of two-phase flow to demonstrate electro-coalescence. CDFEM is a sharp interface method that decomposes elements along fluid-fluid boundaries and uses a level set function to represent the interface.

  12. Mechanical accessories for mobile teleoperators

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Feldman, M.J.; Herndon, J.N.

    1985-01-01

    The choice of optimum mechanical accessories for mobile teleoperators involves matching the criteria for emergency response with the available technology. This paper presents a general background to teleoperations, a potpourri of the manipulator systems available, and an argument for force reflecting manipulation. The theme presented is that the accomplishment of humanlike endeavors in hostile environments will be most successful when man model capabilities are utilized. The application of recent electronic technology to manipulator development has made new tools available to be applied to emergency response activities. The development activities described are products of the Consolidated Fuel Reprocessing Program at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory. 13 refs., 7 figs.

  13. Energize Mobile | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTIONRobertsdale, AlabamaETEC GmbH JumpEllenville, NewLtd EIL Jump to:EnergiegesellschaftEnergize Mobile

  14. Prescott: Engineering communication interface. October 2010 Engineering Communication Interface: An Engineering Multidisciplinary Project.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aloul, Fadi

    1 Prescott: Engineering communication interface. October 2010 Engineering Communication Interface: An Engineering Multidisciplinary Project. David Prescott1 , Tharwat El-Sakran1 , Lutfi Albasha2 , Fadi Aloul2 , Yousef Al-Assaf2 1 College of Arts & Sciences 2 College of Engineering American

  15. Adsorption of polymer chains at penetrable interfaces

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gerasimchuk, I. V.; Sommer, J.-U.; Gerasimchuk, V. S.

    2011-03-15

    We investigate the problem of adsorption (localization) of polymer chains in the system of two penetrable interfaces within the mean-field approximation. The saturation of the polymer system in the limit case of zero bulk concentration is studied. We find the exact solution of this mean-field polymer adsorption problem that opens the possibility to treat various localization problems for polymer chains in such environments using appropriate boundary conditions. The exact solution is controlled by a single scaling variable that describes the coupling between the interfaces due to the polymer chains. We obtain a nonmonotonic behavior of the amount of adsorbed polymers as a function of the distance between the interfaces. This leads to a high-energy and a low-energy phase for the double layer with respect to the amount of polymers localized. At the saturation point, we find the total energy of the system and determine the force acting between the interfaces to be strictly attractive and to monotonically decay to zero when the interface distance increases.

  16. MOBILITIES OF CESIUM AMD RUBIDIUM IONS IN THEIR PARENT VAPORS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Yuan-tseh; Mahan, Bruce H.

    1965-01-01

    Laboratory MOBILITIES OF CESIUM AND RUBIDIUM IONS IN THEIRen o:-48 t MOBILITIES OF CESIUM AND RUBIDIUM IONS INvTHEIRH. Mahan Mobilities of Cesium and Rubidium Ions in Their

  17. Benefit from Web services in the mobile Internet industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ikeda, Daizo, 1974-

    2004-01-01

    Over the past five years, mobile Internet services in Japan have seen major expansion as a result of collaboration between mobile operators acting as mobile portal providers, and their complementors, namely, content ...

  18. A social networking approach for mobile innovation in emerging countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Jen-Hao, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2011-01-01

    Addressing the global challenges and the next billion mobile subscribers, the MIT NextLab course engages students, industry partners, entrepreneurs and the next billion mobile subscribers to develop innovative mobile ...

  19. Computerization of an Autonomous Mobile Buoy Adam Stuart Outlaw

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wood, Stephen L.

    Computerization of an Autonomous Mobile Buoy by Adam Stuart Outlaw Bachelor of Science Ocean Computerization of an Autonomous Mobile Buoy by Adam Stuart Outlaw _____________________________________ Stephen L Abstract Title: Computerization of an Autonomous Mobile Buoy Author: Adam Stuart Outlaw Major Advisor

  20. The evolution of mobile industry : modular to integral

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nag, Ipshita

    2011-01-01

    This thesis explores the dynamics of the mobile industry in the US. One in every four Americans owns a smart phone. Smart phones are fuelling the growth of the mobile web and an ecosystem of mobile applications. As innovative ...

  1. Mobile marketing strategies for B2C companies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sawant, Samir

    2010-01-01

    Mobile application ('apps') development is a recent pandemic phenomenon; companies that are not associated with mobile technologies are noticing it and want to develop their own mobile apps. However, these companies do not ...

  2. Control-Plane Protocol Interactions in Mobile Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tu, Guan-Hua

    2015-01-01

    deployed UDP servers and mobile devices. (4) NetworkStatus:our TCP server and mobile devices (root is required) . (3)recorded by operators and mobile devices, as well as log

  3. MOBILE DEVICE LOCATION INFORMATION ACQUISITION FRAMEWORK FOR DEVELOPMENT OF LOCATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dustdar, Schahram

    MOBILE DEVICE LOCATION INFORMATION ACQUISITION FRAMEWORK FOR DEVELOPMENT OF LOCATION INFORMATION, 1040 Vienna, Austria dustdar@infosys.tuwien.ac.at Keywords: Mobile device location information, location information based services, location information acquisition. Abstract: Mobile device location

  4. Feasibility of CO2 Capture from Mobile Sources | Department of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    CO2 Capture from Mobile Sources Feasibility of CO2 Capture from Mobile Sources Presents integrated system for post-combustion CO2 capture from mobile sources p-16davis.pdf More...

  5. Interface for liquid chromatograph-mass spectrometer

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Andresen, B.D.; Fought, E.R.

    1989-09-19

    A moving belt interface is described for real-time, high-performance liquid chromatograph (HPLC)/mass spectrometer (MS) analysis which strips away the HPLC solvent as it emerges from the end of the HPLC column and leaves a residue suitable for mass-spectral analysis. The interface includes a portable, stand-alone apparatus having a plural stage vacuum station, a continuous ribbon or belt, a drive train magnetically coupled to an external drive motor, a calibrated HPLC delivery system, a heated probe tip and means located adjacent the probe tip for direct ionization of the residue on the belt. The interface is also capable of being readily adapted to fit any mass spectrometer. 8 figs.

  6. Interface for liquid chromatograph-mass spectrometer

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Andresen, Brian D. (Pleasanton, CA); Fought, Eric R. (Livermore, CA)

    1989-01-01

    A moving belt interface for real-time, high-performance liquid chromatograph (HPLC)/mass spectrometer (MS) analysis which strips away the HPLC solvent as it emerges from the end of the HPLC column and leaves a residue suitable for mass-spectral analysis. The interface includes a portable, stand-alone apparatus having a plural stage vacuum station, a continuous ribbon or belt, a drive train magnetically coupled to an external drive motor, a calibrated HPLC delivery system, a heated probe tip and means located adjacent the probe tip for direct ionization of the residue on the belt. The interface is also capable of being readily adapted to fit any mass spectrometer.

  7. Autonomic html interface generator for web applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bassil, Youssef; 10.5121/ijwest.2012.3104

    2012-01-01

    Recent advances in computing systems have led to a new digital era in which every area of life is nearly interrelated with information technology. However, with the trend towards large-scale IT systems, a new challenge has emerged. The complexity of IT systems is becoming an obstacle that hampers the manageability, operability, and maintainability of modern computing infrastructures. Autonomic computing popped up to provide an answer to these ever-growing pitfalls. Fundamentally, autonomic systems are self-configuring, self-healing, self-optimizing, and self-protecting; hence, they can automate all complex IT processes without human intervention. This paper proposes an autonomic HTML web-interface generator based on XML Schema and Style Sheet specifications for self-configuring graphical user interfaces of web applications. The goal of this autonomic generator is to automate the process of customizing GUI web-interfaces according to the ever-changing business rules, policies, and operating environment with th...

  8. Quantum Interfaces Using Nanoscale Surface Plasmons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fang-Yu Hong; Shi-Jie Xiong

    2008-09-24

    The strong coupling between individual optical emitters and propagating surface plasmons confined to a conducting nanotip make this system act as an ideal interface for quantum networks, through which a stationary qubit and a flying photon (surface plasmon) qubit can be interconverted via a Raman process. This quantum interface paves the way for many essential functions of a quantum network, including sending, receiving, transferring, swapping, and entangling qubits at distributed quantum nodes as well as a deterministic source and an efficient detector of a single-photon. Numerical simulation shows that this scheme is robust against experimental imperfections and has high fidelity. Furthermore, being smaller this interface would significantly facilitate the scalability of quantum computers.

  9. Information Technology The Mobile Semantic Web

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Yuan-Fang

    Information Technology The Mobile Semantic Web Shonali Krishnaswamya & Yuan-Fang Lib a Institute and applications (when needed) - Battery Usage ­ Continuous communication is more expensive on energy usage than capabilities, screen size, battery life §Mobile users require quick feedback §Attention Span approx 15

  10. Mobile Robots for Difficult Measurements in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Siegel, Mel

    Mobile Robots for Difficult Measurements in Difficult Environments: Application to Aging Aircraft aircraft for skin cracks and lap joint delamination. Several robot designs are evaluated; a small mobile robot with suction cup feet is found to be best in the practical context of commercial aircraft

  11. Vibration Perception in Mobile Contexts Idin Karuei

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MacLean, Karon

    Vibration Perception in Mobile Contexts Idin Karuei , Zoltan Foley-Fisher , Sebastian Koch ABSTRACT Human sensitivity to vibration declines in mobile contexts. Designers of wearable haptic systems, and found that the thigh is least and the wrists the most sensitive of the sites tested. KEYWORDS:Vibration

  12. OUTLOOK -MOBILE DEVICE ACCESS QUICK REFERENCE GUIDE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liley, David

    th OUTLOOK - MOBILE DEVICE ACCESS QUICK REFERENCE GUIDE This Quick Reference Guide is designed to step you through the setup of your Outlook email account on your mobile device. When to use this Guide is Outlook. NOTE: After you have set up your account you must remove your old GWSync account ITS

  13. WIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS MOBILE COMPUTING Wirel. Commun. Comput.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Giannakis, Georgios

    and renders reliable high­data­rate transmissions challenging problem. Traditionally, most effective technique­ limiting challenges that include channel fading well power limitations at mobile units. a promising method needed enable reliable transmissions mobile radio channels. Depending Quality­of­Service requirements

  14. Security Architecture for Federated Mobile Cloud Computing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xu, Shouhuai

    Security Architecture for Federated Mobile Cloud Computing Shouhuai Xu and E. Paul Ratazzi, federated mobile cloud computing imposes a diverse set of new chal- lenges, especially from a security clouds for security purposes? How should we deal with the tar- geted attackers that attempt to launch

  15. The Mobile Web Comes of Age

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Yuanzhu Peter

    The Mobile Web Comes of Age Steven J. Vaughan-Nichols T he mobile Web has changed dramatically can do on the Web, said Stephen O'Grady, cofounder of and analyst with Red- Monk, a market research, such as phones, now have larger screens with better resolution, making Web browsing more worthwhile, noted

  16. Towards Flexible Process Support on Mobile Devices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ulm, Universität

    and Manfred Reichert Institute for Databases and Information Systems, Ulm University, Germany {ruediger. Mobile application scenar- ios are diverse and encompass domains like healthcare, logistics, and sales in the MARPLE project. MARPLE targets at a tight integration of pro- cess management technology with mobile

  17. City of College Station's Thermographic Mobile Scan 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shear, C. K.

    1986-01-01

    During the first quarter of 1986, the City of College Station conducted a thermographic mobile scan of the entire city. A thermographic mobile scan is a process by which heat loss/heat gain data is accumulated by a vehicle traveling the city...

  18. Towards implementing the Mobile Transient Internet Architecture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Albuquerque, New Mexico December, 2006 #12;Towards implementing the Mobile Transient Internet ArchitectureTowards implementing the Mobile Transient Internet Architecture by Joud Said Khoury B.E., Lebanese of Master of Science Electrical Engineering The University of New Mexico Albuquerque, New Mexico December

  19. Fundamental Challenges in Mobile Computing M. Satyanarayanan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the official policies or need to be sensitive to power consumption argues for self­ endorsements, either­inclined computers scientists. over time, the need to be sensitive to power consumption will not diminish. Concern for power 1.1. Constraints of Mobility consumption must span many levels of hardware Mobile computing

  20. Understanding Mobile Social Behaviour Using Smartphones

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Henderson, Tristan

    with Facebook's privacy controls1, or Google Buzz.2 Studying users' behaviour is paramount for understanding, when the mobile social application is actually used. We share our experi- ences in using a mobile phone for asking questions of participants 1http://mashable.com/2010/05/23/facebook-ceo-mistakes/ 2http

  1. Using Mobile Applications to Generate Customer Demand | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Using Mobile Applications to Generate Customer Demand Using Mobile Applications to Generate Customer Demand Better Buildings Residential Network Peer Exchange Call Series: Using...

  2. The Fuel Cell Mobile Light Project - A DOE Market Transformation...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Download the presentation slides from the Fuel Cell Technologies Program webinar, "Fuel Cell Mobile Lighting," held on November 13, 2012. Fuel Cell Mobile Lighting Webinar Slides...

  3. How Would You Use Your Mobile Device to Save Energy?

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    More and more, people are using their phones and mobile devices to find information -- tell us how you would use your mobile device to save energy.

  4. Creating Mobile Emission Reduction Credits | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Creating Mobile Emission Reduction Credits Creating Mobile Emission Reduction Credits 2002 DEER Conference Presentation: Emission Credit Brokers 2002deersloan.pdf More Documents...

  5. And the Oscar for Sustainable Mobile Lighting Goes to.... Lighting...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    And the Oscar for Sustainable Mobile Lighting Goes to.... Lighting Up Operations with Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Technology And the Oscar for Sustainable Mobile Lighting Goes to.......

  6. Public Finance Mechanisms to Mobilize Investment in Climate Change...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Public Finance Mechanisms to Mobilize Investment in Climate Change Mitigation Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Public Finance Mechanisms to Mobilize...

  7. Automotive Fuels - The Challenge for Sustainable Mobility | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Fuels - The Challenge for Sustainable Mobility Automotive Fuels - The Challenge for Sustainable Mobility Overview of challenges and future fuel options deer12warnecke.pdf More...

  8. Ion mobility analysis of lipoproteins

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Benner, W. Henry (Danville, CA); Krauss, Ronald M. (Berkeley, CA); Blanche, Patricia J. (Berkeley, CA)

    2007-08-21

    A medical diagnostic method and instrumentation system for analyzing noncovalently bonded agglomerated biological particles is described. The method and system comprises: a method of preparation for the biological particles; an electrospray generator; an alpha particle radiation source; a differential mobility analyzer; a particle counter; and data acquisition and analysis means. The medical device is useful for the assessment of human diseases, such as cardiac disease risk and hyperlipidemia, by rapid quantitative analysis of lipoprotein fraction densities. Initially, purification procedures are described to reduce an initial blood sample to an analytical input to the instrument. The measured sizes from the analytical sample are correlated with densities, resulting in a spectrum of lipoprotein densities. The lipoprotein density distribution can then be used to characterize cardiac and other lipid-related health risks.

  9. A Secure Cryptographic Token Interface Christian Cachin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cachin, Christian

    Module [26] found in many personal computers, to high-security HSMs used by the finance industry such as IBM's 4764 cryptoprocessor [18]. Two prominent token interfaces used in industry are PKCS #11 [25 of California, Los Angeles, Department of Computer Science, 3714 Boelter Hall, Los Angeles CA 90095, USA

  10. Dynamic Package Interfaces Shahram Esmaeilsabzali1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wies, Thomas

    Dynamic Package Interfaces Shahram Esmaeilsabzali1 , Rupak Majumdar2 , Thomas Wies3 , and Damien of this style is the notion of a package, which groups a set of commonly used classes together. A challenge in using a package is to ensure that a client follows the implicit protocol of the package when calling its

  11. Sliding Interfaces for Eddy Current Simulations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hiptmair, Ralf

    Sliding Interfaces for Eddy Current Simulations Raffael Casagrande Master Thesis Supervisor: Prof. Dr. Ralf Hiptmair Zürich, April 2013 #12;Contents Contents i 1. Introduction 1 2. Eddy Current-formulation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 2.4. The eddy current problem in a moving, solid body . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 3. Discontinuous

  12. Exploratory Search Interfaces to Support Image Discovery

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shneiderman, Ben

    Director (1983-2000), Human-Computer Interaction Lab Professor, Department of Computer Science MemberExploratory Search Interfaces to Support Image Discovery Ben Shneiderman ben@cs.umd.edu Founding;Interdisciplinary research community - Computer Science & Psychology - Information Studies & Education (www

  13. INTERFACE of QCD and NUCLEAR PHYSICS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weise, Wolfram

    NUCLEAR MATTER and NUCLEI Low-Energy Expansion: CHIRAL PERTURBATION THEORY 1 GeV #12;2. Nuclear ForcesINTERFACE of QCD and NUCLEAR PHYSICS Wolfram Weise Confinement8 Mainz 5 September 2008 Low-Energy QCD and CHIRAL SYMMETRY Nuclear Forces in the context of CHIRAL EFFECTIVE FIELD THEORY Nuclear Matter

  14. CHAPTER ____ THE AIR-WATER INTERFACE: TURBULENCE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Barbara, University of

    Transport processes at gas-liquid interfaces are of importance in a number of areas, such as for equipment be generated by heat losses that give rise to natural convective motions on the liquid side. In the second winds, the turbulence is not only due to shear, but also due to natural convection on the liquid side

  15. Market User Interface Design [Extended Abstract

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Yiling

    Market User Interface Design [Extended Abstract] Sven Seuken1 , David C. Parkes1 , Eric Horvitz2, {horvitz,kamalj,marycz,desney}@microsoft.com 1 Introduction: Market Design & UI Design Electronic markets associated with decision making in complex environments [1], but until now, the market design community has

  16. Adsorption of soft particles at fluid interfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robert W. Style; Lucio Isa; Eric R. Dufresne

    2015-07-14

    Soft particles can be better emulsifiers than hard particles because they stretch at fluid interfaces. This deformation can increase adsorption energies by orders of magnitude relative to rigid particles. The deformation of a particle at an interface is governed by a competition of bulk elasticity and surface tension. When particles are partially wet by the two liquids, deformation is localized within a material-dependent distance $L$ from the contact line. At the contact line, the particle morphology is given by a balance of surface tensions. When the particle radius $R \\ll L$, the particle adopts a lenticular shape identical to that of an adsorbed fluid droplet. Particle deformations can be elastic or plastic, depending on the relative values of the Young modulus, $E$, and yield stress, $\\sigma_p$. When surface tensions favour complete spreading of the particles at the interface, plastic deformation can lead to unusual fried-egg morphologies. When deformable particles have surface properties that are very similar to one liquid phase, adsorption can be extremely sensitive to small changes of their affinity for the other liquid phase. These findings have implications for the adsorption of microgel particles at fluid interfaces and the performance of stimuli-responsive Pickering emulsions.

  17. Sorption of colloids, organics, and metals onto gas-water interfaces: Transport mechanisms and potential remediation technology. 1998 annual progress report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wan, J.; Tokunaga, T.K.

    1998-06-01

    'Although contaminant sorption at mineral surfaces has received much recognition as a major mechanism controlling contaminant behavior in subsurface environments, virtually no attention has been given to the possibility of contaminant sorption at gas-water interfaces. Moreover, no effort has yet been advanced to optimize such interactions for the purpose of facilitating in-situ remediation. Gas-water interfaces, unlike water-solid interfaces, are mobile. Therefore, associations of contaminants with gas-water interfaces can be very important not only in subsurface contaminant distributions, but also in contaminant transport, and potentially in remediation. The first objective of this research is to develop a quantitative understanding of interactions between contaminants and gas-water interfaces. The anticipated results will provide insights into the poorly understood phenomenon of contaminant interactions with the gas-water interface, and improve the current conceptual models of contaminant behavior in subsurface environments. The second purpose of this research is to explore the possibility of using surfactant stabilized microbubbles for in-situ remediation. Both pump-and-treat, and air sparging remediation methods are ineffective at displacing contaminants in zones which are advectively inaccessible. Stable microbubbles can migrate beyond preferential flow pathways and enter lower permeability zones by buoyant rise. The microbubbles can deliver oxygen and nutrients for promoting aerobic degradation of organic contaminants, and also deliver surfactants for emulsifying NAPLs.'

  18. The SATIN Component System--A Metamodel for Engineering Adaptable Mobile Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mascolo, Cecilia

    devices, such as personal digital assistants and mobile phones, are becoming increasingly popular, smaller device. Such reconfiguration is considerably simplified if mobile applications are component, containers, mobile systems, middleware, pervasive computing, mobile code. Ç 1 INTRODUCTION MOBILE devices

  19. Sensing Techniques for Mobile Interaction Ken Hinckley, Jeff Pierce, Mike Sinclair, Eric Horvitz

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Horvitz, Eric

    with handheld devices in mobile settings. Special features of mobile interaction include changing orientation, interaction techniques, sensing, context- awareness, mobile devices, mobile interaction, sensors INTRODUCTION The rapidly growing market for mobile devices such as personal information managers (PIM's: tablet, pocket

  20. Interface deformations affect the orientation transition of magnetic ellipsoidal particles adsorbed at fluid-fluid interfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gary B. Davies; Timm Krüger; Peter V. Coveney; Jens Harting; Fernando Bresme

    2014-10-28

    Manufacturing new soft materials with specific optical, mechanical and magnetic properties is a significant challenge. Assembling and manipulating colloidal particles at fluid interfaces is a promising way to make such materials. We use lattice-Boltzmann simulations to investigate the response of magnetic ellipsoidal particles adsorbed at liquid-liquid interfaces to external magnetic fields. We provide further evidence for the first-order orientation phase transition predicted by Bresme and Faraudo [Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter 19 (2007), 375110]. We show that capillary interface deformations around the ellipsoidal particle significantly affect the tilt-angle of the particle for a given dipole-field strength, altering the properties of the orientation transition. We propose scaling laws governing this transition, and suggest how to use these deformations to facilitate particle assembly at fluid-fluid interfaces.

  1. Toward Widely-Available and Usable Multimodal Conversational Interfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gruenstein, Alexander

    2009-01-01

    Multimodal conversational interfaces, which allow humans to interact with a computer using a combination of spoken natural language and a graphical interface, offer the potential to transform the manner by which humans ...

  2. A User Interface for Interactive Cinematic Shadow Design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pellacini, Fabio

    A User Interface for Interactive Cinematic Shadow Design Fabio Pellacini Parag Tole Donald P "objects" used in cinematic lighting to add/remove shadows ­ Painting interface ­ First class objects #12

  3. THE INTERFACE BETWEEN ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT AND CORPORATE RESPONSIBILITY: THE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    THE INTERFACE BETWEEN ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT AND CORPORATE RESPONSIBILITY: THE VICTOR DIAMOND Report No: 436 Title of Research Project: The Interface Between Environmental Assessment and Corporate: ___________________________________________ #12;iii ABSTRACT The environmental assessment and sustainable development literature recognizes

  4. Systems and methods for monitoring a solid-liquid interface

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Stoddard, Nathan G; Lewis, Monte A.; Clark, Roger F

    2013-06-11

    Systems and methods are provided for monitoring a solid-liquid interface during a casting process. The systems and methods enable determination of the location of a solid-liquid interface during the casting process.

  5. Reflective Interfaces : assisting teens with stressful situations online

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, Birago (Birago Korayga)

    2012-01-01

    This thesis presents the concept of Reflective Interfaces, a novel approach to user experience design that promotes positive behavioral norms. Traditional interface design methodologies such as User Centered Design are ...

  6. Materials and interfaces for catalysis, separation, storage, and environmental applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nair, Sankar

    the next generation of catalysts, separation processes, gas and liquid storage technologiesMaterials and interfaces for catalysis, separation, storage, and environmental applications Advanced materials and interfaces (including surfaces, thin films, and membranes) are a key to developing

  7. 6.831 User Interface Design and Implementation, Fall 2004

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miller, Robert

    6.831 introduces the principles of user interface development, focusing on three key areas: Design: How to design good user interfaces, starting with human capabilities (including the human information processor model, ...

  8. CMOS temperature sensor utilizing interface-trap charge pumping 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berber, Feyza

    2006-10-30

    The objective of this thesis is to introduce an alternative temperature sensor in CMOS technology with small area, low power consumption, and high resolution that can be easily interfaced. A novel temperature sensor utilizing the interface...

  9. Experimental investigations of solid-solid thermal interface conductance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collins, Kimberlee C. (Kimberlee Chiyoko)

    2010-01-01

    Understanding thermal interface conductance is important for nanoscale systems where interfaces can play a critical role in heat transport. In this thesis, pump and probe transient thermoreflectance methods are used to ...

  10. Dynamic shear responses of polymer-polymer interfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yasuya Nakayama; Kiyoyasu Kataoka; Toshihisa Kajiwara

    2012-07-17

    In multi-component soft matter, interface properties often play a key role in determining the properties of the overall system. The identification of the internal dynamic structures in non-equilibrium situations requires the interface rheology to be characterized. We have developed a method to quantify the rheological contribution of soft interfaces and evaluate the dynamic modulus of the interface. This method reveals that the dynamic shear responses of interfaces in bilayer systems comprising polypropylene and three different polyethylenes can be classified as having hardening and softening effects on the overall system: a interface between linear long polymers becomes more elastic than the component polymers, while large polydispersity or long-chain-branching of one component make the interface more viscous. We find that the chain lengths and architectures of the component polymers, rather than equilibrium immiscibility, play an essential role in determining the interface rheological properties.

  11. A fast enriched FEM for Poisson equations involving interfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huynh, Thanh Le Ngoc

    2008-01-01

    We develop a fast enriched finite element method for solving Poisson equations involving complex geometry interfaces by using regular Cartesian grids. The presence of interfaces is accounted for by developing suitable jump ...

  12. Method for enhancing the resolving power of ion mobility separations over a limited mobility range

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Shvartsburg, Alexandre A; Tang, Keqi; Smith, Richard D

    2014-09-23

    A method for raising the resolving power, specificity, and peak capacity of conventional ion mobility spectrometry is disclosed. Ions are separated in a dynamic electric field comprising an oscillatory field wave and opposing static field, or at least two counter propagating waves with different parameters (amplitude, profile, frequency, or speed). As the functional dependencies of mean drift velocity on the ion mobility in a wave and static field or in unequal waves differ, only single species is equilibrated while others drift in either direction and are mobility-separated. An ion mobility spectrum over a limited range is then acquired by measuring ion drift times through a fixed distance inside the gas-filled enclosure. The resolving power in the vicinity of equilibrium mobility substantially exceeds that for known traveling-wave or drift-tube IMS separations, with spectra over wider ranges obtainable by stitching multiple segments. The approach also enables low-cutoff, high-cutoff, and bandpass ion mobility filters.

  13. Toward real-time communication using brain-computer interface systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Speier, William Farran

    2015-01-01

    Unsupervised training of brain-computer interface systemsSingle Trial EEG: Towards Brain Computer Interfacing. AdvK. (2006) The Berlin brain-computer interface presents the

  14. PLAYING WITH WORDS: FROM INTUITION TO EVALUATION OF GAME DIALOGUE INTERFACES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sali, Serdar

    2012-01-01

    the Conversational User Interface. Springer. Medler, Ben.IST OF F IGURES Figure 1. Dialogue interface in Dragon Age:12   Figure 2. Dialogue interface in Mass Effect. The

  15. Collaborative Mobile Charging for Sensor Networks Sheng Zhang

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Jie

    of wireless energy transfer and rechargeable lithium batteries promise the use of mobile vehicles, with high volume batteries, as mobile chargers that transfer energy to sensor nodes wirelessly. In this paper studies [14­17] employed mobile vehicles of high volume batteries as mobile chargers to deliver energy

  16. A Market-Driven Framework Towards Environmentally Sustainable Mobile Computing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Namboodiri, Vinod

    A Market-Driven Framework Towards Environmentally Sustainable Mobile Computing Siny Joseph Arts role of mobile devices has resulted in recent work advocating environmental sustainability in mobile of mobile computing and communication devices. One "green" approach to meet both the goals of minimizing

  17. Towards Mobile Z Schemas M. Bettaz, M. Maouche

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and phrases: Mobile computing, wireless networking, location, portability, mobility, mobility models, Z]. With the advent of mobile computing and wireless networking, the notion of "stable" clients and "stable" servers may or may not act as ad hoc router for the benefit of its neighbors. The case study presented

  18. A Generic Approach to Simplification of Geodata for Mobile Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Köbben, Barend

    of the mobile devices and limited display capabilities of the mobile devices. This requires that the amountA Generic Approach to Simplification of Geodata for Mobile Applications Theodor Foerster¹, Jantien for mobile applications. However, choosing the best simplification algorithm depends on the correct

  19. Cluestr: Mobile Social Networking for Enhanced Group Communication

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the spreading of social software in the mobile domain. Hence, future usage patterns of mobile devices will involve more group interaction. While collaboration using mobile devices is an active area of re- search success. Re- stricted input and output capabilities of mobile devices have Permission to make digital

  20. University Library System Hillman Library Mobile Device Lending Program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sibille, Etienne

    University Library System ­ Hillman Library Mobile Device Lending Program Borrower's Agreement This agreement is in effect each time you check out a mobile device. Terms and Conditions: 1. Borrowing of Pittsburgh ID cards are eligible to borrow mobile devices. 2. Loan Periods: Mobile devices are due 8 hours

  1. Managing Processes on Mobile Devices: The MARPLE Approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ulm, Universität

    Managing Processes on Mobile Devices: The MARPLE Approach R¨udiger Pryss, Julian Tiedeken process engine which enables light-weight as well as flexible process support on mobile devices. 1 in which chronically ill patients shall be assisted by mobile devices. Such mobile device gives

  2. Privacy Leakage in Mobile Online Social Networks Balachander Krishnamurthy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wills, Craig E.

    (nearly half of the world's population) who have cell phones. Increasingly, mobile devices have become mobile devices. Correspondingly there has been a growth in new mo- bile OSNs (mOSNs) that primarily cater to `mobile' users, who access them largely via mobile devices. Such convergence is due to the natural

  3. Connect your Windows Mobile 6.x device to Office 365

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neri, Peter

    Connect your Windows Mobile 6.x device to Office 365 Paul Hunter, June 2013 These instructions have been written for Windows Mobile 6 and above. If your Windows Mobile OS is an older version, some@abdn.ac.uk. 1. Remove the old Account Settings Note: If you have not previously connected your Windows Mobile

  4. Dynamics and pattern selection at the crystal-melt interface

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cummins, H.Z.

    1990-01-01

    This report discusses: light scattering at the crystal-melt interface; morphological instability and pattern selection; and sidebranching.

  5. Thermal Interface Materials for Power Electronics Applications: Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Narumanchi, S.; Mihalic, M.; Kelly, K.; Eesley, G.

    2008-07-01

    The thermal resistance of the thermal interface material layer greatly affects the maximum temperature of the power electronics.

  6. RICE UNIVERSITY Context in Mobile System Design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhong, Lin

    RICE UNIVERSITY Context in Mobile System Design: Characterization, Theory, and Implications of Philosophy DISSERTATION COMMITTEE Lin Zhong, Chair Associate Professor Electrical and Computer Engineering Edward Knightly Professor Electrical and Computer Engineering Ashutosh Sabharwal Associate Professor

  7. Mobi : automatic customization of the mobile Web

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chan, Richard W., M. Eng. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2010-01-01

    Mobi is a system that automatically rewrites web pages into formats optimized for web browsing on mobile devices. The system estimates heuristically which parts of a web page's content users are most likely interested in, ...

  8. Mutual information based tracking with mobile sensors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Russ, John A., S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2010-01-01

    In order to utilize mobile sensor nodes in a sensing and estimation problem, one must carefully consider the optimal placement of those sensor nodes and simultaneously account for the cost incurred in moving the sensor ...

  9. Techniques for Mobile Location Estimation in UMTS 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, Nicholas J

    The subject area of this thesis is the locating of mobile users using the future 3rd generation spread spectrum communication system UMTS. The motivation behind this work is twofold: firstly the United States Federal ...

  10. A Low-Power Mobile Sensing Architecture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dutta, Prabal

    2009-01-01

    1.3 A Low-Power Mobile Sensing Architecture 1.4CCA is the fundamental link primitive in low-power listeninga piezo sensor and ultra low-power filtering, amplification,

  11. Mobile Agent Abstractions: Formulation and Implementation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joshi, Rushikesh K.

    , Mumbai-400076, India. Email := {rkj, harikcr, ansari}@cse.iitb.ac.in Abstract We present mobile agent and behavioral properties of the agent abstractions. Guidelines for mapping the abstractions to an implementation

  12. Phoenix: Storage Using an Autonomous Mobile Infrastructure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greenberg, Albert

    devices can shut down or fail unexpectedly. Also, mobile devices may delete some cached data contents due in emergency situations, battlefields, and so on. Ensuring data persistence is a major challenge in designing

  13. NERSC Releases Mobile Apps to Users

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    (MOTD), as well as log into their account to view recently completed, queued and running jobs, on their mobile phones. The NOVA portal (https:portal-auth.nersc.govnova) is an...

  14. Functional characterization of mobilized tumor cells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yao, Xiaosai

    2014-01-01

    Despite being responsible for 90% of cancer mortality, metastasis is not well understood. This thesis is focused on the circulation step of the metastatic cascade, examining three types of mobilized tumor cells: circulating ...

  15. Hadoop MapReduce for Mobile Cloud 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    George, Johnu

    2014-04-17

    The new generations of mobile devices have high processing power and storage, but they lag behind in terms of software systems for big data storage and processing. Hadoop is a scalable platform that provides distributed storage and computational...

  16. Microbial controls on metal ion mobility

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leslie, Karla Louise

    2012-12-31

    '' %-0),' '''+,%'-0):)-*'%&>#&?),0' <-*6);-+#'E&+:5&6-,='' '''''''')C'0"#$%&0' <-*6);&4F&=&:+?),'' ''''''+00)*-+?),0' 6 This research investigates the biogeochemical controls on metal mobility in the subsurface and soil anomaly...

  17. Effective Protocols for Mobile Communications and Networking

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Espinoza, J.; Sholander, P.; Van Leeuwen, B,

    1998-12-01

    This report examines methods of mobile communications with an emphasis on mobile computing and wireless communications. Many of the advances in communications involve the use of Internet Protocol (IP), Asynchronous Transfer Mode (ATM), and ad hoc network protocols. However, many of the advances in these protocols have been focused on wired communications. Recently much focus has been directed at advancing communication technology in the area of mobile wireless networks. This report discusses various protocols used in mobile communications and proposes a number of extensions to existing protocols. A detailed discussion is also included on desirable protocol characteristics and evaluation criteria. In addition, the report includes a discussion on several network simulation tools that maybe used to evaluate network protocols.

  18. Non-Essential Communication in Mobile Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rubin, Julia

    2015-05-04

    This paper studies communication patterns in mobile applications. Our analysis shows that 65% of the HTTP, socket, and RPC communication in top-popular Android applications from Google Play have no effect on the user-observable ...

  19. Incorporating video into Google Mobile Street View

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wright, Christina (Christina E.)

    2010-01-01

    Mobile Street View is a compelling application but suffers from significant latency problems, especially in limited bandwidth circumstances. Currently, the application uses static images to display street level information. ...

  20. Probabilistic models for mobile phone trajectory estimation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thiagarajan, Arvind

    2011-01-01

    This dissertation is concerned with the problem of determining the track or trajectory of a mobile device - for example, a sequence of road segments on an outdoor map, or a sequence of rooms visited inside a building - in ...

  1. Addressing the needs of mobile users

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sohn, Timothy Youngjin

    2008-01-01

    of mobile information needs . . Pie chart of when needs wereaddressed . . Pie chart of how needs were addressed . . .Pie chart of why needs were addressed later Pie chart of why

  2. Going Mobile: Emissions Trading Gets a Boost from Mobile Source Emission Reduction Credits

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goldschein, Perry S.

    1995-01-01

    Going Mobile: Emissions Trading Gets a Boost From Mobilehave tested various emissions trading policies to supplementAn Analysis of EPA's Emissions Trading Program, 6 YALE J. ON

  3. POLYMER SURFACE & INTERFACE GROUP Department of Physics, University of Guelph

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dutcher, John

    POLYMER SURFACE & INTERFACE GROUP Department of Physics, University of Guelph Guelph, Ontario N1G 2W1 RESEARCH FOCUS The primary focus of our work in the Polymer Surface & Interface Group is the physics of polymer and biopolymer thin films and interfaces. Both polymer and biopolymer films are very

  4. Energy Constrained Transport Maximization across a Fluid Interface Sanjeeva Balasuriya*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Balasuriya, Sanjeeva

    Energy Constrained Transport Maximization across a Fluid Interface Sanjeeva Balasuriya* Department of maximizing fluid transport across a fluid interface subject to an available energy budget is examined advective fluid transport across such an interface is a first step towards achieving good mixing

  5. Smart Material Interfaces: "A Material Step to the Future"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Theune, Mariët

    of smart materials in designing and building interfaces of everyday life. Inter- faces that communicateSmart Material Interfaces: "A Material Step to the Future" Anton Nijholt Human Media Interaction on the mar- ket many new smart materials. Smart Material Interfaces (SMIs) want to take advantage

  6. Handling Complexity in GIS Interface Design GILBERTO CMARA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Camara, Gilberto

    Handling Complexity in GIS Interface Design GILBERTO CÂMARA RICARDO CARTAXO MODESTO DE SOUZA a proposal for an interface for a GIS, which is aimed at handling the complexity of the different data models information systems, GIS interface design. 1 Introduction One of the most important concerns in GIS design

  7. Amos II Java Interfaces Daniel Elin and Tore Risch

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Risch, Tore

    1 Amos II Java Interfaces Daniel Elin and Tore Risch Uppsala Database Laboratory Department-02-06 This report describes the external interfaces between Amos II and the programming lan- guage Java. There are also interfaces between Amos II and the programming languages C and Lisp, documented separately

  8. Vibrational Spectroscopic Investigations of Sulfate Behavior at Environmental Interfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vibrational Spectroscopic Investigations of Sulfate Behavior at Environmental Interfaces 2012 #12;ii Abstract Chemical interactions that occur at the interface between two bulk isotropic media mineral/solution interfaces. Sulfate is a ubiquitous anion in the environment that plays a key role

  9. Permissive Interfaces Thomas A. Henzinger Ranjit Jhala Rupak Majumdar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jhala, Ranjit

    Permissive Interfaces Thomas A. Henzinger Ranjit Jhala Rupak Majumdar EPFL, Switzerland UC Berkeley a system comprising of two components, a library and a client. A temporal summary, or interface, of the library speci#12;es legal sequences of library calls. The interface is safe if no call sequence violates

  10. The Communicative Functions of Animation in User Interfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Novick, David G.

    The Communicative Functions of Animation in User Interfaces David Novick The University of Texas, we surveyed existing user interfaces that use animation, analyzed these uses with respect to type to graphical user interfaces and to assess the model's plausibility, we used the model to develop two versions

  11. Face-responsive interfaces: from direct manipulation to perceptive presence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tollmar, Konrad

    Face-responsive interfaces: from direct manipulation to perceptive presence Trevor Darrell, Konrad for human-computer interface applications. We are developing prototype systems for face-responsive interaction, ex- ploring three different interface paradigms: direct manipulation, gaze- mediated agent dialog

  12. USER INTERFACES FOR GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION REPORT ON THE SPECIALIST MEETING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Barbara, University of

    USER INTERFACES FOR GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS: REPORT ON THE SPECIALIST MEETING Edited-3 #12;Table of Contents Preface and Acknowledgments Executive Summary User Interfaces for Geographic, and Andrew Frank Introduction Structuring GIS Tasks How Do People Think About Space Interface Styles

  13. Permissive Interfaces Thomas A. Henzinger Ranjit Jhala Rupak Majumdar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jhala, Ranjit

    Permissive Interfaces Thomas A. Henzinger Ranjit Jhala Rupak Majumdar EPFL, Switzerland UC Berkeley a system comprising of two components, a library and a client. A temporal summary, or interface, of the library specifies legal sequences of library calls. The interface is safe if no call sequence violates

  14. Three-dimensional wave propagation through single crystal solidliquid interfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wadley, Haydn

    Three-dimensional wave propagation through single crystal solid­liquid interfaces Yichi Lua solid­ liquid interfaces during single crystal growth. A previously developed two-dimensional ray across solid­liquid interfaces in cylindrical bodies where the receiver is located at an arbitrary

  15. Process for making film-bonded fuel cell interfaces

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kaufman, Arthur (West Orange, NJ); Terry, Peter L. (Chatham, NJ)

    1990-07-03

    An improved interface configuration for use between adjacent elements of a fuel cell stack. The interface is impervious to gas and liquid and provides resistance to corrosion by the electrolyte of the fuel cell. A multi-layer arrangement for the interface provides bridging electrical contact with a hot-pressed resin filling the void space.

  16. Interface effect in coupled quantum wells

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hao, Ya-Fei

    2014-06-28

    This paper intends to theoretically investigate the effect of the interfaces on the Rashba spin splitting of two coupled quantum wells. The results show that the interface related Rashba spin splitting of the two coupled quantum wells is both smaller than that of a step quantum well which has the same structure with the step quantum well in the coupled quantum wells. And the influence of the cubic Dresselhaus spin-orbit interaction of the coupled quantum wells is larger than that of a step quantum well. It demonstrates that the spin relaxation time of the two coupled quantum wells will be shorter than that of a step quantum well. As for the application in the spintronic devices, a step quantum well may be better than the coupled quantum wells, which is mentioned in this paper.

  17. Interface dynamics of microscopic cavities in water

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joachim Dzubiella

    2007-04-02

    An analytical description of the interface motion of a collapsing nanometer-sized spherical cavity in water is presented by a modification of the Rayleigh-Plesset equation in conjunction with explicit solvent molecular dynamics simulations. Quantitative agreement is found between the two approaches for the time-dependent cavity radius $R(t)$ at different solvent conditions while in the continuum picture the solvent viscosity has to be corrected for curvature effects. The typical magnitude of the interface or collapse velocity is found to be given by the ratio of surface tension and fluid viscosity, $v\\simeq\\gamma/\\eta$, while the curvature correction accelerates collapse dynamics on length scales below the equilibrium crossover scales ($\\sim$1nm). The study offers a starting point for an efficient implicit modeling of water dynamics in aqueous nanoassembly and protein systems in nonequilibrium.

  18. Garden Banks 388 ROV interface systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Granhaug, O.; Brewster, D.; Soliah, J.; Dubea, C.

    1995-12-31

    ROV systems integration has become an important part of the planning and implementation of deep water field development. This paper provides an overview of the GB 388 subsea development project and describes the ROV interface systems in use on the various subsea production components. The paper continues with an account of the purpose-built ROV system developed for the project. Finally, the paper describes in some detail the specialized ROV tooling and intervention systems that have been developed to assist in the installation, operation and maintenance of the subsea production equipment. The subsea intervention solutions developed for the GB 388 development project have direct application to all deep water field development projects. ROV interface systems are an integral part of current and future subsea completion technology.

  19. Cascading Quantum Light-Matter Interfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mehdi Namazi; Thomas Mittiga; Connor Kupchak; Eden Figueroa

    2015-03-10

    The ability to interface multiple optical quantum devices is a key milestone towards the development of future quantum networks that are capable of sharing and processing quantum information encoded in light. One of the requirements for any node of these quantum networks will be cascadability, i.e. the ability to drive the input of a node using the output of another node. Here, we report the cascading of quantum light-matter interfaces by storing few-photon level pulses of light in warm vapor followed by the subsequent storage of the retrieved field onto a second ensemble. We demonstrate that even after the sequential storage, the final signal-to-background ratio can remain greater than 1 for weak pulses containing 8 input photons on average.

  20. T-Mobile Germany launches mobile social web services on web'n'walk Feb 12, 2008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deutschmann, Rainer

    T-Mobile Germany launches mobile social web services on web'n'walk portal Feb 12, 2008 · Agreements services T-Mobile International will extend its open mobile internet experience web'n'walk with unlimited choose from a wide range of Internet services, such as eBay, Amazon and web mail services, and integrate