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1

Coordination of Retail Demand Response with Midwest ISO Markets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MISO MP MRO MWDRI M&V NYISO PJM PUC RAP RFC RTO RTP SERC AirRTOs such as New England or PJM. In 2005 MISO became theEdison is a member of PJM). Interruptible (Total = 3398, N =

Bharvirkar, Ranjit

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

PJM Interconnection (Multiple States)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

PJM (originally Pennsylvania, Jersey, Maryland) Interconnection is a Regional Transmission Organization (RTO) that coordinates the movement of wholesale electricity in all or parts of Delaware,...

3

Commercial Building Loads Providing Ancillary Services in PJM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Interop 2012. Irving, TX. PJM. 2012. Regulation Self Test~/media/markets-ops/ancillary/regd-test- wave.ashx PJM (PJM Interconnection). 2013a. PJM Manual 12: Balancing

MacDonald, Jason

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

mushroom-miso-gravy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Date: Fri, 26 Nov 93 00:52:36 PST From: Michelle Dick TANGY MUSHROOM MISO GRAVY 1 lb mushrooms 1 T balsamic vinegar 3 cups water 1

5

Bargaining and the MISO Interference Channel  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the pareto boundary for the MISO interference channel,” IEEEinterference in the Gaussian MISO broadcast channel,” inOn maximizing the sum network MISO broadcast capacity,” in

Nokleby, Matthew; Swindlehurst, A. Lee

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

PJM Controller Testing with Prototypic PJM Nozzle Configuration  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of River Protection’s Waste Treatment Plant (WTP) is being designed and built to pre-treat and then vitrify a large portion of the wastes in Hanford’s 177 underground waste storage tanks. The WTP consists of three primary facilities—pretreatment, low-activity waste (LAW) vitrification, and high-level waste (HLW) vitrification. The pretreatment facility will receive waste piped from the Hanford tank farms and separate it into a high-volume, low-activity liquid stream stripped of most solids and radionuclides and a much smaller volume of HLW slurry containing most of the solids and most of the radioactivity. Many of the vessels in the pretreatment facility will contain pulse jet mixers (PJM) that will provide some or all of the mixing in the vessels. Pulse jet mixer technology was selected for use in black cell regions of the WTP, where maintenance cannot be performed once hot testing and operations commence. The PJMs have no moving mechanical parts that require maintenance. The vessels with the most concentrated slurries will also be mixed with air spargers and/or steady jets in addition to the mixing provided by the PJMs. Pulse jet mixers are susceptible to overblows that can generate large hydrodynamic forces, forces that can damage mixing vessels or their internal parts. The probability of an overblow increases if a PJM does not fill completely. The purpose of the testing performed for this report was to determine how reliable and repeatable the primary and safety (or backup) PJM control systems are at detecting drive overblows (DOB) and charge vessel full (CVF) conditions. Testing was performed on the ABB 800xA and Triconex control systems. The controllers operated an array of four PJMs installed in an approximately 13 ft diameter × 15 ft tall tank located in the high bay of the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) 336 Building test facility. The PJMs were fitted with 4 inch diameter discharge nozzles representative of the nozzles to be used in the WTP. This work supplemented earlier controller tests done on PJMs with 2 inch nozzles (Bontha et al. 2007). Those earlier tests enabled the selection of appropriate pressure transmitters with associated piping and resulted in an alternate overblow detection algorithm that uses data from pressure transmitters mounted in a water flush line on the PJM airlines. Much of that earlier work was only qualitative, however, due to a data logger equipment failure that occurred during the 2007 testing. The objectives of the current work focused on providing quantitative determinations of the ability of the BNI controllers to detect DOB and CVF conditions. On both control systems, a DOB or CVF is indicated when the values of particular internal functions, called confidence values, cross predetermined thresholds. There are two types of confidence values; one based on a transformation of jet pump pair (JPP) drive and suction pressures, the other based on the pressure in the flush line. In the present testing, we collected confidence levels output from the ABB and Triconex controllers. These data were analyzed in terms of the true and noise confidence peaks generated during multiple cycles of DOB and CVF events. The distributions of peak and noise amplitudes were compared to see if thresholds could be set that would enable the detection of DOB and CVF events at high probabilities, while keeping false detections to low probabilities. Supporting data were also collected on PJM operation, including data on PJM pressures and levels, to provide direct experimental evidence of when PJMs were filling, full, driving, or overblowing.

Bontha, Jagannadha R.; Nigl, Franz; Weier, Dennis R.; Leigh, Richard J.; Johnson, Eric D.; Wilcox, Wayne A.; Pfund, David M.; Baumann, Aaron W.; Wang, Yeefoo

2009-08-21T23:59:59.000Z

7

MISO Energy Storage Study DRAFT Scope MISO Page 1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, compressed air, and pumped hydro energy storage. This study will explore reliability, market, and planning such as battery storage, compressed air energy storage (CAES), and pumped hydro storage 2. Identify the valueMISO Energy Storage Study DRAFT Scope MISO Page 1 MISO Energy Storage Study DRAFT Scope July 19

8

Response from PJM Interconnection LLC and Pepco to Department...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

PJM Interconnection LLC and Pepco to Department of Energy Request for Information Concerning the Potential Need for Potomac River Station Generation Response from PJM...

9

Pepco and PJM Interconnection Comments on District of Columbia...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Pepco and PJM Interconnection Comments on District of Columbia Public Service Commission, Docket No. EO-05-01 Comments and Answer to Requests for Rehearing Pepco and PJM...

10

MISO_Renewable_template  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion | Department of Energy Low-Temperature CombustionGlass MECS-8,2011 MISO Comments for the

11

Distributed Interference Pricing with MISO Channels  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Distributed Interference Pricing with MISO Channels Changxin Shi, Randall A. Berry, and Michael L an interference channel consisting of multi- input, single-output (MISO) wireless links. The objective generalized to a MISO network, as shown in Sec- tion II. Such an algorithm was previously presented in [3

Kuzmanovic, Aleksandar

12

Optimization of Energy Harvesting MISO Communication Channels  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Optimization of Energy Harvesting MISO Communication Channels Rajeev Gangula, Student Member-to-point multiple-input single-output (MISO) communication system is con- sidered when both the transmitter (TX bound on the ergodic rate of MISO channel with beamforming and limited feedback. Feedback bit allocation

Gesbert, David

13

Independent review of estimated load reductions for PJM's small customer load response pilot project  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Estimated Load Reductions for PJM’s Small Customer Loadof Estimated Load Reductions for PJM’s Small Customer LoadResponse Pilot Project Prepared for PJM Interconnection, LLC

Heffner, G.; Moezzi, M.; Goldman, C.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Preliminary Response of PJM Interconnection, L.L.C. to the Operating...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

. In summary, PJM understands the difficulty facing the Department in having to balance the important conflicting interests presented here. However, PJM does not regard Option A as...

15

Virtual MISO Triggers in Wi-Fi-like Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Virtual MISO Triggers in Wi-Fi-like Networks Oscar Bejarano Edward W. Knightly 1 Thursday, April 11 difficult to achieve in mobile devices Thursday, April 11, 2013 #12;5 Virtual MISO (vMISO) TX RX vMISO, 2013 #12;1. System Model 1.1. Distributed System 1.2. Single-Antenna Nodes 6 vMISO

16

Answer of Potomac Electric Power Company and PJM lnterconnection...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Answer of Potomac Electric Power Company and PJM lnterconnection, L.L.C. to the October 6, 2005 motion filed by the Virginia Department of Environmental Quality Answer of Potomac...

17

Commercial Building Loads Providing Ancillary Services in PJM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Council of Texas market." Energy 35 (4): 1536-1543.in US electricity markets." Energy Policy 62: 1031-1039.regulation in PJM’s markets. Energy Impacts: Frequency and

MacDonald, Jason

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Planning for environmental constraints on the PJM system  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This chapter provides a snapshot of the existing PJM system and identifies the environmental constraints that form the parameters for the regional approaches analyzed in this study. The chapter begins with a description of the PJM system and the costs and emissions levels of the pollutants under study associated with the reference case (the PJM system configured to meet only Clean Air Act Amendment Phase I SO{sub 2} requirements and the March 1994 NO{sub x} requirements affecting Phase I units){sup 3}. Next, the pollution-reduction scenario assumed for the purpose of the study, which covers the period 1995--2010, is described. Finally, the impacts of this pollution reduction scenario -- emissions that would need to be avoided on the reference case PJM system -- are identified. Modeling methods are described alongside the study`s results. Other chapters discuss: environmental constraints, alternate plans to achieve environmental goals, and comparison of alternate plans.

Not Available

1994-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

19

Response by PJM to letters from the City of Alexandria and the...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

by PJM to letters from the City of Alexandria and the Virginia Department of Environmental Quality pursuant to Order No. 202-05-03 Response by PJM to letters from the City of...

20

Optimal Distributed Beamforming for MISO Interference Channels  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this thesis, the problem of quantifying the Pareto optimal boundary of the achievable rate region is considered over multiple-input single-output(MISO)interference channels, where the problem boils down to solving a sequence of convex feasibility...

Qiu, Jiaming

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "miso mro pjm" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

SPACE WEATHER AND THE INCIDENCE OF REACTIVE "OFF-COST" OPERATIONS IN THE PJM POWER GRID  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SPACE WEATHER AND THE INCIDENCE OF REACTIVE "OFF-COST" OPERATIONS IN THE PJM POWER GRID 7.6 Kevin F the price of electricity in the PJM power grid. In this paper we examine one of the mechanisms by which space weather impacts the electricity market in the PJM power grid. The starting point of this paper

Schrijver, Karel

22

PJM's Capacity Market in a Price-Spike World Steven Stoft  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PWP-077 PJM's Capacity Market in a Price-Spike World Steven Stoft May, 2000 This paper is part, California 94720-5180 www.ucei.org #12;PJM's Capacity Market in a Price-Spike World Steven Stoft 1 May 7, 2000 Abstract PJM's market was designed to rely on a capacity market instead of price-spikes to induce

California at Berkeley. University of

23

Real-time MISO UWB Radio Testbed and Waveform Design  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Real-time MISO UWB Radio Testbed and Waveform Design Yu Song, Zhen Hu, Nan Guo, and Robert C. Qiu-input single-output (MISO) ultra-wideband (UWB) radio testbed, which involves Xinlix Virtex-5 Field in indoor environment. The transmitted MISO signals are optimized in the passband with a bandwidth up to 500

Qiu, Robert Caiming

24

Robust Secure Transmission in MISO Channels With Imperfect ECSI  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Robust Secure Transmission in MISO Channels With Imperfect ECSI Jing Huang and A. Lee Swindlehurst.huang; swindle}@uci.edu Abstract--This paper studies robust transmission schemes for MISO wiretap channels-input single-output (MISO) wiretap cannels, the optimal transmit covariance matrix was found to be single

Swindlehurst, A. Lee

25

Blind Channel Estimation for Orthogonal STBC in MISO Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Blind Channel Estimation for Orthogonal STBC in MISO Systems Elzbieta Beres, and Raviraj Adve-input single-output (MISO) systems, with specific focus on Alamouti's code for two transmit antennas of the received signal. Unlike previous blind estimation schemes for MISO systems, the proposed algorithm

Adve, Raviraj

26

Secure MISO Cognitive Radio System with Perfect and Imperfect CSI  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Secure MISO Cognitive Radio System with Perfect and Imperfect CSI Taesoo Kwon, Vincent W.S. Wong eavesdrop on the primary link. This paper explores multiple-input single-output (MISO) CR systems where a multiple- input single-output (MISO) beamforming algorithm for the secondary system. However, it only

Wong, Vincent

27

MISO Broadcast Channels with Confidential Messages and Alternating CSIT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MISO Broadcast Channels with Confidential Messages and Alternating CSIT Pritam Mukherjee1 , Ravi, Blacksburg, VA 24061 Abstract--We study the two-user multiple-input single-output (MISO) broadcast channel-user multiple- input single-output (MISO) broadcast channel with confiden- tial messages (BCCM), in which

Ulukus, Sennur

28

Optimizing Feedback in Energy Harvesting MISO Communication Channels  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Optimizing Feedback in Energy Harvesting MISO Communication Channels Rajeev Gangula1 , David.gunduz@imperial.ac.uk Abstract--In this work,1 we consider the optimization of feedback in a point-to-point MISO channel in the context of a simple multiple antenna system, namely MISO channel, where feedback can be used to improve

Gesbert, David

29

Optimal MU-MIMO precoder with MISO decomposition approach  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Optimal MU-MIMO precoder with MISO decomposition approach Mustapha Amara, Yi Yuan-Wu Orange Labs considered the best existing precoder design algorithm for a MISO multiuser sys- tem proposed in [1 procedure transforming the MU-MIMO channel for each iteration into a MU-MISO channel trough virtual channel

Gesbert, David

30

BLIND RECEIVERS FOR MISO COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS USING A NONLINEAR PRECODER  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BLIND RECEIVERS FOR MISO COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS USING A NONLINEAR PRECODER Alain Y. Kibangou GIPSA.Kibangou@ujf-grenoble.fr ABSTRACT In this paper, we propose two blind decoding approaches for multi-input single-output (MISO of simulations. 1. INTRODUCTION Multi-input Single Output (MISO) communication channel modelling occurs when

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

31

MISO Broadcast Channel with Delayed and Evolving CSIT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MISO Broadcast Channel with Delayed and Evolving CSIT Jinyuan Chen and Petros Elia Mobile--The work considers the two-user MISO broadcast channel with a gradual and delayed accumulation of channel-input single-output broadcast channel (MISO BC) with an M-transmit antenna (M 2) transmitter communicating

Gesbert, David

32

MISO Broadcasting FBMC System for Highly Frequency Selective Channels  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MISO Broadcasting FBMC System for Highly Frequency Selective Channels Michael Newinger, Leonardo G.a.nossek}@tum.de swindle@uci.edu Abstract--In this contribution we propose new techniques for multi-user MISO broadcasting an SDMA approach for the MISO broadcast channel based on Tomlinson-Harashima Precoding. However

Swindlehurst, A. Lee

33

Distributed Precoding for MISO Interference Channels with Channel Mean Feedback  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Distributed Precoding for MISO Interference Channels with Channel Mean Feedback: Algorithms precoding algorithms for multiple-input single-output (MISO) interference channels, where each trans- mitter- antenna wireless interference channels [5]-[7]. For multiple- input single-output (MISO) interference

Ulukus, Sennur

34

Dynamic System Performance of SISO, MISO and MIMO Alamouti Schemes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dynamic System Performance of SISO, MISO and MIMO Alamouti Schemes Dorra Ben Cheikh Battikh , Jean, coupecho, godlewski}@enst.fr Abstract--In this paper, the performance of a SISO system, a 2 × 1 MISO multiplexing tradeoff for a 2 × 1 MISO system. Many other techniques have been proposed to exploit antennas

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

35

SINR Balancing and Beamforming for the MISO Interference Channel  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SINR Balancing and Beamforming for the MISO Interference Channel Francesco Negro, Martina Cardone.negro@eurecom.fr, dirk.slock@eurecom.fr Abstract--In this paper a K user multi-input single-output (MISO) interference noise contribution (Noisy IFC). We address the MISO downlink (DL) beamformer design and power allocation

Gesbert, David

36

Beyound 4G : (), () Trends and Advances in Multi-Cell MISO/MIMO  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Beyound 4G : (), () , , Trends and Advances in Multi-Cell MISO/MIMO Technologies LTE-Advanced Beyond 4G . , (multiple-input single-output, MISO) (multiple-input multiple-output, MIMO) , MISO MIMO . . 3G , 4 LTE

Sung, Youngchul

37

Independent review of estimated load reductions for PJM's small customer load response pilot project  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

water heater (EWH) load control program operated as part of PJM Interconnection’s Demand ResponseDemand Response Economic and Emergency Load Response Programs Electric Thermal Storage Electric Water Heaterwater pumps and electric thermal storage space heaters. The CSP is also participating in PJM’s pilot Demand Response

Heffner, G.; Moezzi, M.; Goldman, C.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Abstract--This paper presents a description of a Mixed Integer Programming (MIP) solution for solving the PJM Unit  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for solving the PJM Unit Commitment problem. Included is a description of the Day- ahead market clearing into production use at PJM in August, 2004 [1]. The benefits of the MIP formulation compared to the Lagrangian-mail: dan.streiffert@areva- td.com and russ.philbrick@areva-td.com) Andrew Ott is with PJM Interconnection

McCalley, James D.

39

Proof of the outage probability conjecture for MISO channels  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In Telatar 1999, it is conjectured that the covariance matrices minimizing the outage probability for MIMO channels with Gaussian fading are diagonal with either zeros or constant values on the diagonal. In the MISO setting, this is equivalent to conjecture that the Gaussian quadratic forms having largest tale probability correspond to such diagonal matrices. We prove here the conjecture in the MISO setting.

Abbe, Emmanuel; Telatar, Emre

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Distributed multicell-MISO precoding using the layered virtual SINR framework  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Distributed multicell-MISO precoding using the layered virtual SINR framework Randa Zakhour, way in which the multicell MISO precoders may be designed at each BS in a distributed manner Pareto optimal rates for the MISO Interference Channel (IC); its extension to the multicell MISO channel

Gesbert, David

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "miso mro pjm" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Software agents : an application to the airline MRO industry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Poor management of aircraft spare parts, human-related maintenance errors and the lack of coordinated decision-making in maintenance scheduling are some of the problems plaguing the airline MRO industry. Airlines, independent ...

Poon, Arthur Wai Keong, 1979-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Energy Factors, Leasing Structure and the Market Price of Office Buildings in the U.S.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

York (several hubs), Ontario, PJM, MISO, ERCOT South, Intocontract delivering into the PJM Western hub. Assuming thatpeak real-time prices posted by PJM Interconnection, LLC, on

Jaffee, Dwight; Stanton, Richard; Wallace, Nancy

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Energy Factors, Leasing Structure and the Market Price of Office Buildings in the U.S.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

York (several hubs), Ontario, PJM, MISO, ERCOT South, Intocontract delivering into the PJM Western hub. Assuming thatpeak real-time prices posted by PJM Interconnection, LLC, on

Jaffee, Dwight M.; Stanton, Richard; Wallace, Nancy E.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Optimal Distributed Beamforming for MISO Interference Channels  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider the problem of quantifying the Pareto optimal boundary in the achievable rate region over multiple-input single-output (MISO) interference channels, where the problem boils down to solving a sequence of convex feasibility problems after certain transformations. The feasibility problem is solved by two new distributed optimal beamforming algorithms, where the first one is to parallelize the computation based on the method of alternating projections, and the second one is to localize the computation based on the method of cyclic projections. Convergence proofs are established for both algorithms.

Qiu, Jiaming; Luo, Zhi-Quan; Cui, Shuguang

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Enhanced tumor responses through therapies combining CCNU, MISO and radiation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Studies were performed to determine whether the radiation sensitizer misonidazole (MISO) could enhance the tumor control probability in a treatment strategy combining radiation and the nitrosourea 1-(2-chloroethyl)-3-cyclohexyl-1-nitrosourea (CCNU). In initial experiments KHT sarcoma-bearing mice were injected with 1.0 mg/g of MISO simultaneously with a 20 mg/kg dose of CCNU 30-40 min prior to irradiation (1500 rad). With this treatment protocol approximately 60% of the mice were found to be tumor-free 100 days post treatment. By comparison all 2 agent combinations led to 0% cures. To evaluate the relative importance of chemopotentiation versus radiosensitization in the 3 agent protocol, tumors were treated with MISO plus one anti-tumor agent (either radiation of CCNU) and then at times ranging from 0 to 24 hr later exposed to the other agent. When the time between treatments was 0 to 6 hr, a 60 to 80% tumor control rate was achieved for both MISO plus radiation followed by CCNU and MISO plus CCNU followed by radiation. However if the time interval was increased to 18 or 24 hr, the cure rate in the former treatment regimen dropped to 10% while that of the latter remained high at 40%. The data therefore indicate that (1) improved tumor responses may be achieved when MISO is added to a radiation-chemotherapy combination and (2) MISO may be more effective in such a protocol when utilized as a chemopotentiator.

Siemann, D.W.; Hill, S.A.

1984-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

The aftermath of primary power and its implications for independent transmission in PJM  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The recent decision by the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission in ''Primary Power'' will have fundamental ramifications for transmission investment in the far-reaching PJM footprint. This decision, which is pending on rehearing and will likely be appealed, will determine whether transmission projects that are entitled to regulated rate recovery under the PJM tariff can only be built by incumbent transmission owners and whether new independent transmission entities are limited to building transmission projects on a ''merchant'' basis. (author)

Farrah, Elias G.; Elstein, S. Shamai

2010-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

47

Finite blocklength analysis of the MISO Coherent Block Fading Channel  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Coherent MISO Block Fading Channel is a wireless communication channel model in which the transmitter has access to multiple antennas while the receiver has access to one. This model is becoming increasingly important ...

Collins, Austin Daniel

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Commercial Building Loads Providing Ancillary Services in PJM  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The adoption of low carbon energy technologies such as variable renewable energy and electric vehicles, coupled with the efficacy of energy efficiency to reduce traditional base load has increased the uncertainty inherent in the net load shape. Handling this variability with slower, traditional resources leads to inefficient system dispatch, and in some cases may compromise reliability. Grid operators are looking to future energy technologies, such as automated demand response (DR), to provide capacity-based reliability services as the need for these services increase. While DR resources are expected to have the flexibility characteristics operators are looking for, demonstrations are necessary to build confidence in their capabilities. Additionally, building owners are uncertain of the monetary value and operational burden of providing these services. To address this, the present study demonstrates the ability of demand response resources providing two ancillary services in the PJM territory, synchronous reserve and regulation, using an OpenADR 2.0b signaling architecture. The loads under control include HVAC and lighting at a big box retail store and variable frequency fan loads. The study examines performance characteristics of the resource: the speed of response, communications latencies in the architecture, and accuracy of response. It also examines the frequency and duration of events and the value in the marketplace which can be used to examine if the opportunity is sufficient to entice building owners to participate.

MacDonald, Jason; Kiliccote, Sila; Boch, Jim; Chen, Jonathan; Nawy, Robert

2014-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

49

Online Policies for Opportunistic Virtual MISO Routing in Wireless Ad Hoc Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Online Policies for Opportunistic Virtual MISO Routing in Wireless Ad Hoc Networks Cristiano in virtual multiple input single output (MISO) trans- missions and space-time block codes have been proposed

Rossi, Michele

50

Spatial Interference Mitigation for Multiple Input Multiple Output Ad Hoc Networks: MISO Gains  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Spatial Interference Mitigation for Multiple Input Multiple Output Ad Hoc Networks: MISO Gains beamforming for a multiple input single output (MISO) ad hoc network to increase the density of successful

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

51

Large System Analysis of Zero-Forcing Precoding in MISO Broadcast Channels with Limited  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Large System Analysis of Zero-Forcing Precoding in MISO Broadcast Channels with Limited Feedback in MISO broadcast channels with limited feed- back, transmit correlation and path loss. Our analysis

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

52

Computational Needs for the Next Generation Electric Grid Proceedings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ott, “Unit commitment in PJM”, Technical Conference on Unit The long? term planning at PJM and MISO in terms of wind as two  exceptions.  In the Midwest, PJM and MISO, and in 

Birman, Kenneth

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Energy Efficiency Analysis of MISO-OFDM Communication Systems Considering Power and Capacity Constraints  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy Efficiency Analysis of MISO-OFDM Communication Systems Considering Power and Capacity subchannel capacity threshold. Moreover, the energy efficiency of MISO-OFDM communication systems starts-input single-output (MISO) . orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) . energy efficiency. capacity

Wang, Cheng-Xiang

54

Virtual MISO Triggers in WiFi-like Networks Oscar Bejarano and Edward W. Knightly  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Virtual MISO Triggers in WiFi-like Networks Oscar Bejarano and Edward W. Knightly ECE Department, Rice University, Houston, TX 77005 Technical Report Abstract--Virtual Multiple-Input Single-Output (vMISO) sys- tems distribute multi-antenna diversity capabilities between a sending and a cooperating node. vMISO

Knightly, Edward W.

55

Time Reversal with MISO for Ultra-Wideband Communications: Experimental Results (invited paper)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

TH2B-1 Time Reversal with MISO for Ultra-Wideband Communications: Experimental Results (invited Output (MISO) is enabled by the use of the TR scheme. Two basic problems are investigated experimentally for the first time in electromagnetics. Index Terms -- TR, MISO, UWB, channel reciprocity. I. INTRODUCTION UWB

Qiu, Robert Caiming

56

Weighted Sum Rate Maximization of Correlated MISO Broadcast Channels under Linear Precoding  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Weighted Sum Rate Maximization of Correlated MISO Broadcast Channels under Linear Precoding algorithm proposed by Christensen et al. in large correlated MISO broadcast channels. We propose a novel maximization. I. INTRODUCTION WE consider the multiple-input single-output (MISO) broadcast channel (BC

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

57

On Duality in the MISO Interference Channel Francesco Negro, Irfan Ghauri, Dirk T.M. Slock  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

On Duality in the MISO Interference Channel Francesco Negro, Irfan Ghauri, Dirk T.M. Slock Infineon in a multi-input single- output (MISO) interference channel (IFC) and its dual SIMO with linear transmit (Tx for the IFC. We show that SINR duality under the sum power constraint nevertheless holds in the MISO IFC

Gesbert, David

58

Beamforming in MISO Systems: Empirical Results and EVM-based Analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Beamforming in MISO Systems: Empirical Results and EVM-based Analysis Melissa Duarte, Ashutosh-based study of beamforming Multiple Input Single Output (MISO) systems. We analyze the performance of beamforming MISO systems taking into account implementation complexity and effects of imperfect channel

59

Asymptotic Analysis of Regularized Zero-Forcing Precoding in MISO Broadcast Channels  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Asymptotic Analysis of Regularized Zero-Forcing Precoding in MISO Broadcast Channels with Limited analyse the asymptotic sum-rate of regularized zero-forcing (RZF) precoding in MISO broadcast channels equivalent of mfK @zA. III. SYSTEM MODEL Consider the MISO broadcast channel composed of one central

Boyer, Edmond

60

Virtual MISO Triggers in Wi-Fi-like Networks Oscar Bejarano and Edward W. Knightly  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Virtual MISO Triggers in Wi-Fi-like Networks Oscar Bejarano and Edward W. Knightly ECE Department-Input Single-Output (vMISO) sys- tems distribute multi-antenna diversity capabilities between a sending and a cooperating node. vMISO has the potential to vastly improve wireless link reliability and bit error rates

Knightly, Edward W.

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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

COMPRESSIVE INVERSE SCATTERING I. HIGH FREQUENCY SIMO/MISO AND MIMO MEASUREMENTS  

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COMPRESSIVE INVERSE SCATTERING I. HIGH FREQUENCY SIMO/MISO AND MIMO MEASUREMENTS ALBERT C), multiple-input-single-output (MISO) or multiple-input-multiple-output (MIMO) measurements is analyzed of the data either with the MIMO measurement for the Born scattering or with the SIMO/MISO measurement

Fannjiang, Albert

62

Virtual MISO: Experimental Evaluation of MAC to Network-Scale Factors  

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Virtual MISO: Experimental Evaluation of MAC to Network-Scale Factors Oscar Bejarano and Edward W-Input Single-Output (vMISO) sys- tems distribute multi-antenna diversity capabilities between a sending and a cooperating node. vMISO has been shown to vastly improve wireless link reliability and bit error rates

63

A Robust RAM-THP Architecture for Downlink Multiuser MISO Transmission with User Scheduling  

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A Robust RAM-THP Architecture for Downlink Multiuser MISO Transmission with User Scheduling Saeed-Forcing Tomlinson-Harashima Precoding (ZF-THP) for multi-user trans- mission in a multiple-input-single-output (MU-MISO-THP, zero-forcing, multi- user MISO, precoding, scheduling. I. INTRODUCTION Multiple-Input Multiple

Gulak, P. Glenn

64

Degrees of Freedom of Time Correlated MISO Broadcast Channel with Delayed CSIT  

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1 Degrees of Freedom of Time Correlated MISO Broadcast Channel with Delayed CSIT Sheng Yang, Member Abstract We consider the time correlated MISO broadcast channel where the transmitter has imperfect 0, we characterize the optimal degree of freedom region for this more general two-user MISO

Gesbert, David

65

Degrees of Freedom of Time Correlated MISO Broadcast Channel with Delayed CSIT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Degrees of Freedom of Time Correlated MISO Broadcast Channel with Delayed CSIT Sheng Yang, Member Abstract We consider the time correlated MISO broadcast channel where the transmitter has imperfect characterize the optimal degree of freedom region for this more general two-user MISO broadcast correlated

Gesbert, David

66

On the Fundamental Feedback-vs-Performance Tradeoff over the MISO-BC with Imperfect and  

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On the Fundamental Feedback-vs-Performance Tradeoff over the MISO-BC with Imperfect and Delayed--This work considers the multiuser multiple-input single-output (MISO) broadcast channel (BC), where. Specifically, this work provides a novel DoF region outer bound for the general K- user M ×1 MISO BC

Gesbert, David

67

NON-CONVEX UTILITY MAXIMIZATION IN GAUSSIAN MISO BROADCAST AND INTERFERENCE CHANNELS  

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NON-CONVEX UTILITY MAXIMIZATION IN GAUSSIAN MISO BROADCAST AND INTERFERENCE CHANNELS M. Rossi, A. M- imization [1] or SINR balancing for the multiple-input single-output (MISO) BC [2], and thus solvable, MISO BC and IC WSRM with general convex power constraint. The proposed BB approach is based

Simeone, Osvaldo

68

Robust MMSE Tomlinson-Harashima Precoder for Multiuser MISO Downlink with Imperfect CSI  

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Robust MMSE Tomlinson-Harashima Precoder for Multiuser MISO Downlink with Imperfect CSI P Abstract--Non-linear precoding for the downlink of a multiuser MISO (multiple-input single-linear precoders in the lit- erature. Keywords ­ Multiuser MISO downlink, multiuser interference, imperfect CSI

Chockalingam, A.

69

LINEAR SPACE-TIME PRECODING FOR RICIAN FADING MISO CHANNELS Mai Vu, Arogyaswami Paulraj  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LINEAR SPACE-TIME PRECODING FOR RICIAN FADING MISO CHANNELS Mai Vu, Arogyaswami Paulraj Stanford, Australia Email: r.evans@ee.mu.oz.au ABSTRACT We study a space-time precoding technique for MISO wire- less in practice. In this paper, we study a particular space-time coding scheme with memory for Rician MISO

Vu, Mai

70

Joint Power Control and Beamforming Codebook Design for MISO Channels under the Outage  

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Joint Power Control and Beamforming Codebook Design for MISO Channels under the Outage Criterion and beamforming codebooks for limited-feedback multiple-input single-output (MISO) wireless systems. The problem focuses on optimal design of single-user limited-feedback systems over multiple-input single-output (MISO

Yu, Wei

71

COORDINATION ON THE MISO INTERFERENCE CHANNEL USING THE VIRTUAL SINR Randa Zakhour and David Gesbert  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

COORDINATION ON THE MISO INTERFERENCE CHANNEL USING THE VIRTUAL SINR FRAMEWORK Randa Zakhour antenna users, this corresponds to the so-called MISO IC considered among oth- ers in [1, 2). Assuming each transmitter has multiple antennas and each receiver a single antenna, the setting is the MISO

Gesbert, David

72

Experimental Results on Multiple-Input Single-Output (MISO) Time Reversal for UWB  

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Experimental Results on Multiple-Input Single-Output (MISO) Time Reversal for UWB Systems with multiple-input single- output (MISO) antennas over ultra-wideband (UWB) channels. In particular, temporal and spatial focusing as well as array gain are studied based on a (4 × 1) MISO scheme in an office environment

Qiu, Robert Caiming

73

Jamming Countermeasures for Multi-User MISO Broadcast Channels -a DoF perspective  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Jamming Countermeasures for Multi-User MISO Broadcast Channels - a DoF perspective SaiDhiraj Amuru the multi-user multiple-input single-output (MISO) broadcast channel (BC) in the presence of jamming attacks is quantified in terms of the degrees-of-freedom (DoF) of the MISO BC under various assumptions regarding

Buehrer, R. Michael

74

Efficient Computation of the Pareto Boundary for the MISO Interference Channel with Perfect CSI  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Efficient Computation of the Pareto Boundary for the MISO Interference Channel with Perfect CSI,erik.larsson}@isy.liu.se Abstract--We consider the two-user multiple-input single- output (MISO) interference channel and the rate of the IFC is called a multiple-input single-output (MISO) This work was supported in part by the Swedish

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

75

FPGA Based UWB MISO Time-Reversal System Design and Implementation  

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FPGA Based UWB MISO Time-Reversal System Design and Implementation Yu Song, Nan Guo, Zhen Hu and implementation of ultra-wideband (UWB) multiple-input single-output (MISO) time-reversal system are presented. The implementation is based on field programmable gate array (FPGA). The combination of MISO with UWB time

Qiu, Robert Caiming

76

UWB MISO Time Reversal With Energy Detector Receiver Over ISI Channels  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

UWB MISO Time Reversal With Energy Detector Receiver Over ISI Channels Nan Guo, John Q. Zhang investigates a multiple input single output (MISO) time reversal system for ultra-wideband (UWB) communication channel model for antenna array related study. Numerical results suggest that the proposed MISO time

Qiu, Robert Caiming

77

Spatial and Temporal Power Allocation for MISO Systems with Delayed Feedback  

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Spatial and Temporal Power Allocation for MISO Systems with Delayed Feedback Venkata Sreekanta@ee.iitm.ac.in Abstract-- We determine the minimum outage probabil- ity of multiple-input single-output (MISO) channels control. I. INTRODUCTION The minimum outage probability of multiple-input single-output (MISO) channels

Bhashyam, Srikrishna

78

A Cross-Layer Framework for Exploiting Virtual MISO Links in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Cross-Layer Framework for Exploiting Virtual MISO Links in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks Gentian requiring the deployment of physical antenna arrays. Virtual MISO entails the simultaneous transmission. We present a novel multilayer approach for exploiting virtual MISO links in ad hoc networks

Krishnamurthy, Srikanth

79

Optimization of Feedback in a MISO Downlink with Energy Harvesting Users  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Optimization of Feedback in a MISO Downlink with Energy Harvesting Users Mahdi Shakiba channel states) in order to maximize certain throughput goals. While the MISO chan- nel capacity from to the energy budget of the users. Note that in the Multi Input Single Output (MISO) channel (with m antennas

Uysal-Biyikoglu, Elif

80

QoS-Constrained Robust Beamforming in MISO Wiretap Channels with a Helper  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

QoS-Constrained Robust Beamforming in MISO Wiretap Channels with a Helper Jing Huang and A. Lee for multiple-input single-output (MISO) wiretap chan- nels with a helper. The channel state information (CSI]­[8]. In particular, for multiple-input single-output (MISO) wiretap channels, the optimal transmit covariance matrix

Swindlehurst, A. Lee

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "miso mro pjm" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Beamforming on the MISO interference channel with multi-user decoding capability  

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1 Beamforming on the MISO interference channel with multi-user decoding capability K. M. Ho , D,mochaourab}@ifn.et.tu-dresden.de Abstract-- This paper considers the multiple-input- single-output interference channel (MISO-IC) in which the received signal. On the MISO-IC with single user decoding, transmit beamforming vectors are designed

Gesbert, David

82

IEEE ANTENNAS AND WIRELESS PROPAGATION LETTERS, VOL. 5, 2006 1 Time Reversal With MISO for Ultrawideband  

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IEEE ANTENNAS AND WIRELESS PROPAGATION LETTERS, VOL. 5, 2006 1 Time Reversal With MISO applications. UWB multiple input­single output (MISO) is enabled by the use of the TR scheme. Two basic. Index Terms--Channel reciprocity, multiple input­single output (MISO), time reversal (TR), ultrawideband

Qiu, Robert Caiming

83

ON THE USAGE OF ANTENNAS IN MIMO AND MISO INTERFERENCE CHANNELS Mariam Kaynia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ON THE USAGE OF ANTENNAS IN MIMO AND MISO INTERFERENCE CHANNELS Mariam Kaynia , Andrea J. Goldsmith case of a MISO chan- nel is considered, where exact expressions for the ergodic capac- ity of the capacity of a MISO broadcast channel with a random beamformer is derived. However, the impact

Gesbert, David

84

BLIND CHANNEL IDENTIFICATION OF MISO SYSTEMS BASED ON THE CP DECOMPOSITION OF CUMULANT TENSORS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BLIND CHANNEL IDENTIFICATION OF MISO SYSTEMS BASED ON THE CP DECOMPOSITION OF CUMULANT TENSORS algorithm for identifying the parameters of MISO sys- tem. 1. INTRODUCTION We consider the following-Input Single-Output (MISO) channel, y[n] is the output signal. Signals and system are assumed to be complex

85

Coordination on the MISO Interference Channel Using the Virtual SINR Framework  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Coordination on the MISO Interference Channel Using the Virtual SINR Framework Randa Zakhour David;Outline Motivation Cooperation in multi-cell/link systems MISO IC System Model and Performance Measures Motivation Cooperation in multi-cell/link systems MISO IC System Model and Performance Measures Virtual SINR

Gesbert, David

86

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INFORMATION THEORY, VOL. 60, NO. 6, JUNE 2014 3593 Retroactive Antijamming for MISO  

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for MISO Broadcast Channels SaiDhiraj Amuru, Student Member, IEEE, Ravi Tandon, Member, IEEE, Richard and increased power consumption. In this paper, we consider the multiple-input single-output (MISO) broadcastF) of the MISO BC under various assumptions regarding the availability of the channel state information (CSIT

Buehrer, R. Michael

87

Beamforming for the Underlay Cognitive MISO Interference Channel via UL-DL Duality  

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Beamforming for the Underlay Cognitive MISO Interference Channel via UL-DL Duality Francesco Negro.negro@eurecom.fr, dirk.slock@eurecom.fr Abstract--SINR duality is shown in a multi-input single- output (MISO) downlink for the IFC. We show that SINR duality under the sum power constraint nevertheless holds in the MISO IFC

Gesbert, David

88

BEAMFORMING MAXIMIZES THE MISO COMPOUND CAPACITY Ami Wiesel, Yonina C. Eldar and Shlomo Shamai (Shitz)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BEAMFORMING MAXIMIZES THE MISO COMPOUND CAPACITY Ami Wiesel, Yonina C. Eldar and Shlomo Shamai for exploiting this multiple in- put single output (MISO) channel are space time coding, and beamforming (BF]. The capacity achieving transmit technique in MISO chan- nels with additive Gaussian noise is signaling using

Eldar, Yonina

89

Closed Loop System with Feedback Control MISO control laws SISO control law  

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Closed Loop System with Feedback Control MISO control laws SISO control law Switching Control demand · Two control modes for wind turbine: MISO & SISO · Proportional Integral (PI) feedback control Modes MISO SISO Inputs Blade Pitch Angle, Generator Torque Blade Pitch Angle Output Power Power

Ben-Yakar, Adela

90

ICI Canceling Space-Frequency Block Code for MISO-OFDM in Fast Fading Channels  

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ICI Canceling Space-Frequency Block Code for MISO-OFDM in Fast Fading Channels Jae Yeun Yun, Eui}@ee.kaist.ac.kr Abstract-- An intercarrier interference (ICI) canceling technique for multiple-input single-output (MISO) at the receiver for multiple-input single-output (MISO) systems. The code design is based on the approximated

Lee, Yong Hoon

91

Distributed Interference Pricing with MISO Changxin Shi, Randall A. Berry, and Michael L. Honig  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Distributed Interference Pricing with MISO Channels Changxin Shi, Randall A. Berry, and Michael L an interference channel consisting of multi-input, single- output (MISO) wireless links. The objective] can be directly generalized to a MISO network, as shown in Section II. Such an algorithm

Honig, Michael L.

92

Joint Power Control and Beamforming Codebook Design for MISO Channels with Limited Feedback  

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Joint Power Control and Beamforming Codebook Design for MISO Channels with Limited Feedback Behrouz-input single-output (MISO) wireless systems with a rate-limited feedback link. The problem is cast in the form-output (MISO) channel with channel state information at the receiver (CSIR) and a noiseless delay-free feedback

Yu, Wei

93

Weighted Sum Rate Maximization in the Underlay Cognitive MISO Interference Channel  

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Weighted Sum Rate Maximization in the Underlay Cognitive MISO Interference Channel Laurent Gallo) maximization for a K-user Multiple-Input Single-Output (MISO) cognitive Interference Channel (IFC) with linear studied in a non-cognitive scenario for the MISO inter- ference channel (IFC) in [3], where a distributed

Gesbert, David

94

Outage Probability of MISO Broadcast Systems with Noisy Channel Side Information  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Outage Probability of MISO Broadcast Systems with Noisy Channel Side Information Alon Shalev output (MISO) systems. However, these schemes generally require perfect channel information) of a linear zero forcing transmitter, operating in a fading MISO broadcast channel. We consider a rectangular

Lim, Teng Joon

95

Mean-Variance Optimal Linear Precoders for Random MISO Broadcast Channels  

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Mean-Variance Optimal Linear Precoders for Random MISO Broadcast Channels Alon Shalev Housfater the problem of designing linear pre- coders for Gaussian multiple input, single output (MISO) broad- cast (BC and constraint functions. I. INTRODUCTION Random MISO BC channels are powerful models for the practical scenario

Lim, Teng Joon

96

MISO time reversal and delay spread compression for FWA channels at 5GHz  

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MISO time reversal and delay spread compression for FWA channels at 5GHz Persefoni Kyritsi, Member (MISO) can reduce the delay spread of the channel impulse response by a factor of 2-3, depending transmitter instead. The paper is structured as follows. Section II describes the concept of TR in a MISO

Papanicolaou, George C.

97

Experimental Demonstration of Time-Reversal MISO and MIMO Arrays with IEEE 802.11g  

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Experimental Demonstration of Time-Reversal MISO and MIMO Arrays with IEEE 802.11g Devices through-- A practical demonstration of IEEE 802.11g trans- missions using time-reversal antenna arrays in MISO and MIMO with great potential for use in MISO (multiple-input single output) arrays [5, 6]. In this work we present

Stancil, Daniel D.

98

Blind identification of MISO-FIR channels Carlos Est^ev~ao R. Fernandes  

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Blind identification of MISO-FIR channels Carlos Est^ev~ao R. Fernandes , Pierre Comon , G, vol.90 Abstract In this paper, we address the problem of determining the order of MISO channels to false alarm. Afterwards, we introduce the concept of MISO channel nested detectors based on a deflation

Boyer, Edmond

99

An Opportunistic Virtual MISO (OVM) Protocol for Multi-hop Wireless Networks  

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1 An Opportunistic Virtual MISO (OVM) Protocol for Multi-hop Wireless Networks Van Nguyen-utilized and performance is not maximized. In this work, we propose the Opportunistic Virtual MISO (OVM) protocol for multi-hop wireless networks. OVM combines virtual MISO (using space- time block codes) and cooperative diversity

Perkins, Dmitri

100

1268 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON COMMUNICATIONS, VOL. 59, NO. 5, MAY 2011 MISO Capacity with Per-Antenna Power Constraint  

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1268 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON COMMUNICATIONS, VOL. 59, NO. 5, MAY 2011 MISO Capacity with Per scheme for a MISO channel with per-antenna power constraint. Two cases of channel state information--Per-antenna power, MISO capacity, MISO wire- less, beamforming. I. INTRODUCTION THE capacity of a MIMO wireless

Vu, Mai

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "miso mro pjm" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Geometric effects modelling for the PJM interconnection system. Part 1; Earth surface potentials computation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper describes an ionospheric source current model and development of an earth resistivity model used to calculate geomagnetic induced currents (GIC) on the Pennsylvania-New Jersey-Maryland Interconnection (PJM). Ionospheric current is modelled as a gaussian distributed current sheet above the earth. Geological details are included by dividing the PJM service area into 11 different earth resistivity regions. The resulting earth surface potential (ESP) at each power system substation is then calculated. A companion paper describes how this ESP is applied to the power system model to calculate the geomagnetic induced current in the power system equipment and facilities.

Towle, J.N. (Diversified EM, Seattle, WA (US)); Prabhakara, F.S. (Power Technologies, Inc., Schenectady, NY (US)); Ponder, J.Z. (PJM Interconnection, Norristown, PA (US))

1992-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Reviewing progress in PJM's capacity market structure via the new reliability pricing model  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Reliability Pricing Model introduces significant changes to the capacity market structure of PJM. The main feature of the RPM design is a downward-sloping demand curve, which replaces the highly volatile vertical demand curve. The authors review the latest RPM structure, results of the auctions, and the future course of the implementation process. (author)

Sener, Adil Caner; Kimball, Stefan

2007-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

103

The impact of FERC orders on the value of bidders in PJM  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A study of the responses of share prices of major bidders in the PJM auctions from the mid-1990s through 2006 finds statistically significant effects for some FERC decisions for a portfolio of bidders. In contrast to publicly stated policy objectives, the analysis shows that some FERC decisions significantly raised market expectations regarding the future profitability of bidders. (author)

Peters, Lon L.

2009-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

104

The role of the ISO in U.S. electricity markets: A review of restructuring in California and PJM  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Despite their design differences, both the California and the Pennsylvania-New Jersey-Maryland (PJM) markets provide explicit roles for competition in the scheduling functions while allowing the independent system operator (ISO) to manage the spot market. Experience has shown that both can work. This article discusses the California and PJM approaches in an attempt to shed light on the controversy over the ISO`s role in pre-dispatch phases of the market. Section 1 describes the California market and Section 2 briefly review PJM. Section 3 outlines the costs and benefits associated with limiting the ISO`s role in the scheduling phases of the market. Section 4 summarizes recent experience in California and PJM and offers some conclusions.

Cameron, L. [Economics Resource Group, Boston, MA (United States)] [Economics Resource Group, Boston, MA (United States); Cramton, P. [Univ. of Maryland, College Park, MD (United States)] [Univ. of Maryland, College Park, MD (United States)

1999-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Property:EIA/861/NercMro | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy ResourcesLoadingPenobscot County, Maine:Plug PowerAddressDataFormat JumpNercMro Jump to: navigation,

106

NET DEGREES OF FREEDOM OF RECENT SCHEMES FOR THE MISO BC WITH DELAYED CSIT AND FINITE COHERENCE TIME  

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NET DEGREES OF FREEDOM OF RECENT SCHEMES FOR THE MISO BC WITH DELAYED CSIT AND FINITE COHERENCE.slock@eurecom.fr ABSTRACT Most techniques designed for the multi-input single-output (MISO) Broadcast Channel (BC) require that in the underdetermined (overloaded) MISO BC with Nt transmit antennas and K = Nt +1 users Nt (sum) Degrees of Freedom (Do

Gesbert, David

107

50 IEEE COMMUNICATIONS LETTERS, VOL. 18, NO. 1, JANUARY 2014 On Ergodic Secrecy Rate for MISO Wiretap Broadcast Channels with  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

50 IEEE COMMUNICATIONS LETTERS, VOL. 18, NO. 1, JANUARY 2014 On Ergodic Secrecy Rate for MISO-input single-output (MISO) broadcast channel. We consider an extension of the model in [1], where a multiple MODEL AND ASSUMPTIONS We consider a MISO wiretap broadcast channel with M antennas at the BS, K mobile

Swindlehurst, A. Lee

108

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SIGNAL PROCESSING, VOL. 62, NO. 4, FEBRUARY 15, 2014 993 Adaptive Limited Feedback for MISO Wiretap  

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Feedback for MISO Wiretap Channels With Cooperative Jamming Minyan Pei, A. Lee Swindlehurst, Fellow, IEEE--Cooperative jamming, feedback bits allocation, limited feedback, MISO wiretap channel. I. INTRODUCTION P HYSICAL layer for mul- tiple-input single-output (MISO) wiretap channels, which have Manuscript received May 30, 2013

Swindlehurst, A. Lee

109

Stanford University Exploiting Channel Knowledge at the Tx in MISO and MIMO Wireless Exploiting Partial Channel Knowledge at  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Stanford University Exploiting Channel Knowledge at the Tx in MISO and MIMO Wireless Exploiting Partial Channel Knowledge at the Transmitter in MISO and MIMO Wireless SPAWC 2003 Rome, Italy June 18 Exploiting Channel Knowledge at the Tx in MISO and MIMO Wireless Outline Introduction · Perfect CSI

Paulraj, Arogyaswami

110

SMSE PRECODER DESIGN IN A MULTIUSER MISO SYSTEM WITH LIMITED FEEDBACK Muhammad Nazmul Islam and Raviraj Adve  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SMSE PRECODER DESIGN IN A MULTIUSER MISO SYSTEM WITH LIMITED FEEDBACK Muhammad Nazmul Islam in the downlink of a multi-user (MU) multiple input single output (MISO) sys- tem with quantized channel state MISO linear transceivers that exist in the limited feedback literature. Second, we show analytically

Adve, Raviraj

111

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON VEHICULAR TECHNOLOGY, VOL. 56, NO. 3, MAY 2007 1197 An Interleave-Division-Multiplexing MISO System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-Division-Multiplexing MISO System With Partial CSI at Transmitter Chuxiang Li, Kai Li, Xiaodong Wang, Senior Member, IEEE-division-multiplexing (IDM) multiple-input­ single-output (MISO) system with partial channel state information (CSI the performance of such an IDM-MISO system. In particular, an SNR tracking method is proposed to calculate

Ping, Li

112

BEAMFORMING AND PAPR REDUCTION FOR MISO-OFDM SYSTEMS Jingon Joung, Eui-Rim Jeong, and Yong H. Lee  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BEAMFORMING AND PAPR REDUCTION FOR MISO-OFDM SYSTEMS Jingon Joung, Eui-Rim Jeong, and Yong H. Lee single-output (MISO) orthogonal frequency division multiplex- ing (OFDM) systems with beamforming, peak-to-average power ratio (PAPR), multiple- input single-output (MISO), beamforming. 1. INTRODUCTION

Lee, Yong Hoon

113

DEGREES OF FREEDOM IN THE MISO BC WITH DELAYED-CSIT AND FINITE COHERENCE TIME: A SIMPLE OPTIMAL SCHEME  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DEGREES OF FREEDOM IN THE MISO BC WITH DELAYED-CSIT AND FINITE COHERENCE TIME: A SIMPLE OPTIMAL the multi-input single-output (MISO) Broadcast Channel (BC), the multi-user (MU) downlink in a cell scheme was proposed in [9] for the time cor- related MISO broadcast channel with 2 users. This scheme

Gesbert, David

114

A Low-Complexity Precoder for Large Multiuser MISO Systems Saif K. Mohammed, A. Chockalingam, and B. Sundar Rajan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Low-Complexity Precoder for Large Multiuser MISO Systems Saif K. Mohammed, A. Chockalingam, and B--In this paper, we consider the problem of precoding in large multiuser MISO systems, where by `large' we mean i user has one receive antenna. Such large MISO systems will be of immense interest because of the high

Kumar, Anurag

115

170 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SIGNAL PROCESSING, VOL. 61, NO. 1, JANUARY 1, 2013 Competing for Secrecy in the MISO  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the MISO Interference Channel S. Ali A. Fakoorian, Member, IEEE, and A. Lee Swindlehurst, Fellow, IEEE Abstract--A secure communication game is considered for the two-user MISO Gaussian interference channel parameters on the NE strategies. Index Terms--Game theory, information theory, interference channel, MISO

Swindlehurst, A. Lee

116

Beamforming in MISO Systems: Empirical Results and EVM-based Analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present an analytical, simulation, and experimental-based study of beamforming Multiple Input Single Output (MISO) systems. We analyze the performance of beamforming MISO systems taking into account implementation complexity and effects of imperfect channel estimate, delayed feedback, real Radio Frequency (RF) hardware, and imperfect timing synchronization. Our results show that efficient implementation of codebook-based beamforming MISO systems with good performance is feasible in the presence of channel and implementation-induced imperfections. As part of our study we develop a framework for Average Error Vector Magnitude Squared (AEVMS)-based analysis of beamforming MISO systems which facilitates comparison of analytical, simulation, and experimental results on the same scale. In addition, AEVMS allows fair comparison of experimental results obtained from different wireless testbeds. We derive novel expressions for the AEVMS of beamforming MISO systems and show how the AEVMS relates to important system ...

Duarte, Melissa; Dick, Chris; Rao, Raghu

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

Contrasts in restructuring wholesale electric markets: England/Wales, California, and the PJM  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The ways in which the British, the Californians, and the members of the Pennsylvania-Jersey-Maryland Pool (PJM) are restructuring their electric industries and designing markets provide fascinating political and technical contrasts with each other, particularly insofar as all three markets are roughly the same size, with energy sales of about 250--300 terawatt hours (TWh) annually. There have been significant differences in the drivers of change, objectives, and leadership, the legacies of the past, and the process of design, which are discussed in the first three sections. The fourth section describes the market designs in England and Wales, California, and the PJM, while the concluding section draws out the lessons of experience. While these lessons include specific principles regarding the objectives and structure of power exchanges, the maintenance of system stability and power transport, and the achieving of generation reliability, they also include several overarching conclusions. Perhaps chief among them, as will be clear from the discussion of the restructuring experience on both sides of the Atlantic, is that major restructurings can only be led by a public authority and will be successful in implementation only if that authority has a clear and realistic vision of where it wants to go.

Henney, A.

1998-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

Did geomagnetic activity challenge electric power reliability during solar cycle 23? Evidence from the PJM regional transmission  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Did geomagnetic activity challenge electric power reliability during solar cycle 23? Evidence from through 30 April 2004. During this time period PJM coordinated the movement of wholesale electricity of challenged reliability is the incidence of out-of-economic-merit order dispatching due to adverse reactive

Schrijver, Karel

119

528 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER SYSTEMS, VOL. 18, NO. 2, MAY 2003 Experience with PJM Market Operation, System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Terms--Electricity market, locational marginal pricing. I. INTRODUCTION PJM OPERATES the world's largest of locational marginal pricing (LMP). II. DAY-AHEAD ENERGY MARKET The day-ahead market provides market on the differences in Locational Marginal Prices between the transac- tion source and sink locations. Load serving

McCalley, James D.

120

A Test of Vehicle-to-Grid (V2G) for Energy Storage and Frequency Regulation in the PJM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Test of Vehicle-to-Grid (V2G) for Energy Storage and Frequency Regulation in the PJM System energy storage for intermittent but renewable resources such as wind and solar. The results of the study frequent dispatch. The primary revenue in both of these markets is for capacity rather than energy

Firestone, Jeremy

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "miso mro pjm" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Mass Market Demand Response and Variable Generation Integration Issues: A Scoping Study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Analysis. Presentation given to PJM Interconnection Markete.g. , ISO-NE, NYISO, PJM, MISO, ERCOT, and CAISO). Co-also elect to participate in PJM’s day-ahead and/or real-

Cappers, Peter

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Field Testing of Automated Demand Response for Integration of Renewable Resources in California's Ancillary Services Market for Regulation Products  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the Market Report: New York ISO. 2010. PJM, State of theMarket Report for PJM: Ancillary Service Markets. 2010Maryland Interconnection (PJM) and Midwest ISO (MISO) all

Kiliccote, Sila

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Renewable Portfolio Standards in the United States - A Status Report with Data Through 2007  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LSE MISO M-RETS MSW MW MWh PJM POU PRC PSC PUC PV REC RPSelectric service provider PJM Generation Attributes Trackingwaste megawatt megawatt-hour PJM Interconnection publicly

Wiser, Ryan

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Robust Precoder for Multiuser MISO Downlink with SINR Constraints  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper, we consider linear precoding with SINR constraints for the downlink of a multiuser MISO (multiple-input single-output) communication system in the presence of imperfect channel state information (CSI). The base station is equipped with multiple transmit antennas and each user terminal is equipped with a single receive antenna. We propose a robust design of linear precoder which transmits minimum power to provide the required SINR at the user terminals when the true channel state lies in a region of a given size around the channel state available at the transmitter. We show that this design problem can be formulated as a Second Order Cone Program (SOCP) which can be solved efficiently. We compare the performance of the proposed design with some of the robust designs reported in the literature. Simulation results show that the proposed robust design provides better performance with reduced complexity.

Ubaidulla, P

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

On Ergodic Secrecy Capacity for Gaussian MISO Wiretap Channels  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Gaussian multiple-input single-output (MISO) wiretap channel model is considered, where there exists a transmitter equipped with multiple antennas, a legitimate receiver and an eavesdropper each equipped with a single antenna. We study the problem of finding the optimal input covariance that achieves ergodic secrecy capacity subject to a power constraint where only statistical information about the eavesdropper channel is available at the transmitter. This is a non-convex optimization problem that is in general difficult to solve. Existing results address the case in which the eavesdropper or/and legitimate channels have independent and identically distributed Gaussian entries with zero-mean and unit-variance, i.e., the channels have trivial covariances. This paper addresses the general case where eavesdropper and legitimate channels have nontrivial covariances. A set of equations describing the optimal input covariance matrix are proposed along with an algorithm to obtain the solution. Based on this framew...

Li, Jiangyuan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

MISO Capacity with Per-Antenna Power Constraint  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We establish in closed-form the capacity and the optimal signaling scheme for a MISO channel with per-antenna power constraint. Two cases of channel state information are considered: constant channel known at both the transmitter and receiver, and Rayleigh fading channel known only at the receiver. For the first case, the optimal signaling scheme is beamforming with the phases of the beam weights matched to the phases of the channel coefficients, but the amplitudes independent of the channel coefficients and dependent only on the constrained powers. For the second case, the optimal scheme is to send independent signals from the antennas with the constrained powers. In both cases, the capacity with per-antenna power constraint is usually less than that with sum power constraint.

Vu, Mai

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

System model Scope of Work Short term power constraint Long term power constraint Imperfect CSIR Prediction Summary Spatial and Temporal Power Allocation for MISO  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Prediction Summary Spatial and Temporal Power Allocation for MISO Systems with Delayed Feedback Srikrishna Prediction Summary Performance measure: Outage probability Block transmission Rate MISO channel x y R h Block of the work Problem considered: Minimize outage probability of Multiple Input Single Output (MISO) systems

Bhashyam, Srikrishna

128

Independent review of estimated load reductions for PJM's small customer load response pilot project  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This study describes the results of a low-cost approach used to measure reported load reductions from a residential electric water heater (EWH) load control program operated as part of PJM Interconnection's Demand Response small customer pilot program. Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) conducted this independent review of the engineering estimates for EWH load control reported by a Curtailment Service Provider (CSP) at PJM's request. LBNL employed low-cost measurement and verification (M&V) approaches that utilized existing interval metering equipment to monitor results for a series of load control tests. The CSP collected hourly load data for two substations and several hundred households over a six-week period in October and November 2003. During this time period, the CSP operated its electric water heater load control program during pre-specified test periods in the morning, afternoon and early evening. LBNL then analyzed substation and premise-level data from these tests in order to verify the diversified demand reductions claimed by the CSP for customers participating in the EWH load control program. We found that the observed load reductions for the premise-level data aggregated over all households in the two participating electric cooperatives were, respectively, 40 percent-60 percent less and 3 percent less-10 percent higher than the estimated diversified demand reduction values assumed by the CSP, depending on whether observed or normalized results are considered. We also analyzed sub-station level data and found that the observed load reductions during the test periods were significantly lower than expected, although confounding influences and operational problems signifiogram during pre-specified test periods in the morning, afternoon and early evening. LBNL then analyzed substation and premise-level data from these tests in order to verify the diversified demand reductions claimed by the CSP for customers participating in the EWH load control program. We found that the observed load reductions for the premise-level data aggregated over all households in the two participating electric cooperatives were, respectively, 40 percent-60 percent less and 3 percent less-10 percent higher than the estimated diversified demand reduction values assumed by the CSP, depending on whether observed or normalized results are considered. We also analyzed sub-station level data and found that the observed load reductions during the test periods were significantly lower than expected, although confounding influences and operational problems significantly limit our ability to differentiate between control-related and non-control related differences in substation-level load shape data. The usefulness and accuracy of the results were hampered by operational problems encountered during the measurement period as well as in sufficient number of load research grade interval meters at one cooperative. Given the larger sample size at one electric cooperative and more statistically-robust results, there is some basis to suggest that the Adjusted Diversified Demand Factor (ADDF) values used by the CSP somewhat over-state the actual load reductions. Given the results and limitations of the M&V approach as implemented, we suggest several options for PJM to consider: (1) require load aggregators participating in ISODR programs to utilize formal PURPA-compliant load research samples in their M&V plans, and (2) continue developing lower cost M&V approaches for mass market load control programs that incorporate suggested improvements described in this study.

Heffner, G.; Moezzi, M.; Goldman, C.

2004-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Deemed Savings Estimates for Legacy Air Conditioning and WaterHeating Direct Load Control Programs in PJM Region  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

During 2005 and 2006, the PJM Interconnection (PJM) Load Analysis Subcommittee (LAS) examined ways to reduce the costs and improve the effectiveness of its existing measurement and verification (M&V) protocols for Direct Load Control (DLC) programs. The current M&V protocol requires that a PURPA-compliant Load Research study be conducted every five years for each Load-Serving Entity (LSE). The current M&V protocol is expensive to implement and administer particularly for mature load control programs, some of which are marginally cost-effective. There was growing evidence that some LSEs were mothballing or dropping their DLC programs in lieu of incurring the expense associated with the M&V. This project had several objectives: (1) examine the potential for developing deemed savings estimates acceptable to PJM for legacy air conditioning and water heating DLC programs, and (2) explore the development of a collaborative, regional, consensus-based approach for conducting monitoring and verification of load reductions for emerging load management technologies for customers that do not have interval metering capability.

Goldman, Charles

2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Robust Downlink Beamforming in Multiuser MISO Cognitive Radio Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper studies the problem of robust downlink beamforming design in a multiuser Multi-Input Single-Output (MISO) Cognitive Radio Network (CR-Net) in which multiple Primary Users (PUs) coexist with multiple Secondary Users (SUs). Unlike conventional designs in CR-Nets, in this paper it is assumed that the Channel State Information (CSI) for all relevant channels is imperfectly known, and the imperfectness of the CSI is modeled using an Euclidean ball-shaped uncertainty set. Our design objective is to minimize the transmit power of the SU-Transmitter (SU-Tx) while simultaneously targeting a lower bound on the received Signal-to-Interference-plus-Noise-Ratio (SINR) for the SU's, and imposing an upper limit on the Interference-Power (IP) at the PUs. The design parameters at the SU-Tx are the beamforming weights, i.e. the precoder matrix. The proposed methodology is based on a worst case design scenario through which the performance metrics of the design are immune to variations in the channels. We propose thr...

Gharavol, Ebrahim A; Mouthaan, Koenraad

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

A Robust Artificial Noise Aided Transmit Design for Miso Secrecy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper considers an artificial noise (AN) aided secrecy rate maximization (SRM) problem for a multi-input single-output (MISO) channel overheard by multiple single-antenna eavesdroppers. We assume that the transmitter has perfect knowledge about the channel to the desired user but imperfect knowledge about the channels to the eavesdroppers. Therefore, the resultant SRM problem is formulated in the way that we maximize the worst-case secrecy rate by jointly designing the signal covariance ${\\bf W}$ and the AN covariance ${\\bf \\Sigma}$. However, such a worst-case SRM problem turns out to be hard to optimize, since it is nonconvex in ${\\bf W}$ and ${\\bf \\Sigma}$ jointly. Moreover, it falls into the class of semi-infinite optimization problems. Through a careful reformulation, we show that the worst-case SRM problem can be handled by performing a one-dimensional line search in which a sequence of semidefinite programs (SDPs) are involved. Moreover, we also show that the optimal ${\\bf W}$ admits a rank-one str...

Li, Qiang

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Hard X-ray observations of Cygnus X-1 with the Miso telescope  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The black hole candidate Cygnus X-1 was observed in the hard X-ray - soft gamma-ray energy range by the Miso telescope on two different occasions: in September 1979 and May 1980. Two hard X-ray states of the source have beem measured: in 1979 the observed spectrum confirms the superlow state measured in the same period by the HEAO-3 satellite, while in 1980 the Miso X-ray data are consistent with the so-called low state of Cygnus X-1. In both occasions, no gamma-ray excess has been observed above 200 keV. 9 references.

Perotti, F.; Della Ventura, A.; Villa, G.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

Retail Demand Response in Southwest Power Pool  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

IOU IRC ISO LMP LBNL LSE MISO MP MRO MWG M&V NERC OATT PUCrecommended a focus on what MISO refers to as DRR Type IIis consistent with trends in MISO and elsewhere and suggests

Bharvirkar, Ranjit

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

May 1980 low energy gamma-ray observations with the MISO telescope  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

During a balloon flight of the MISO telescope on 1980 May 17, the Crab Nebula and the Seyfert galaxy NGC 4151 were studied over the photon energy range 0.03-16 MeV. The photon spectrum of the Crab Nebula was measured up to approximately 2 MeV. No gamma-ray emission from NGC 4151 was detected on this occasion.

Perotti, F.; Della Ventura, A.; Villa, G.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Effect in the KHT sarcoma of CCNU and MISO on cell cycle progression evaluated by flow-cytometry  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Previous studies using the KHT sarcoma have shown that misonidazole (MISO) enhances the cytotoxicity of 1-(2-chloroethyl)-3-cyclohexyl-1-nitrosourea (CCNU) by as much as a factor of 2.0. In the present study flow cytometry was used to monitor the changing DNA distributions of cells dissociated from solid tumors at successive times following treatment with CCNU, applied either alone or in combination with 0.5 mg/g MISO. The proportion of cells in late S and the G/sub 2/M phases of the cell cycle increased gradually after CCNU treatment. MISO did not significantly change this block in cell progression, which persisted for at least 48 hr after treatment in all cases. CCNU shows marked carbamoylating activity, which has been associated with inhibition of RNA processing and with the degree of chemopotentiation achieved with MISO. By 24 hr after treatment, CCNU clearly altered the distribution of RNA, but no significant differences could be detected between results obtained from drug and drug plus sensitizer treated groups. These studies demonstrate the effect of CCNU on cell cycle progression in vivo. The addition of MISO did not result in further perturbation of the total tumor population, suggesting that cell cycle redistribution does not play a major role in chemopotentiation by MISO.

Hill, S.A.; Bauer, K.D.; Keng, P.C.; Siemann, D.W.

1984-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

Beamforming on the MISO interference channel with multi-user decoding capability  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper considers the multiple-input-single-output interference channel (MISO-IC) with interference decoding capability (IDC), so that the interference signal can be decoded and subtracted from the received signal. On the MISO-IC with single user decoding, transmit beamforming vectors are classically designed to reach a compromise between mitigating the generated interference (zero forcing of the interference) or maximizing the energy at the desired user. The particularly intriguing problem arising in the multi-antenna IC with IDC is that transmitters may now have the incentive to amplify the interference generated at the non-intended receivers, in the hope that Rxs have a better chance of decoding the interference and removing it. This notion completely changes the previous paradigm of balancing between maximizing the desired energy and reducing the generated interference, thus opening up a new dimension for the beamforming design strategy. Our contributions proceed by proving that the optimal rank of the...

Ho, Z K M; Jorswieck, E; Mochaourab, R

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Outage Rate Regions for the MISO Interference Channel: Definitions and Interpretations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider the slow-fading two-user multiple-input single-output (MISO) interference channel (IC), where the receivers treat the interference as additive Gaussian noise. We study the rate points that can be achieved, allowing a non-zero outage probability. The points which meet the outage probability specification constitute a so-called outage rate region. There exist several definitions of the outage rate regions for the IC, as for the broadcast and the multiple-access channels. We give four definitions for the outage region of the MISO IC. The definitions differ on whether the rates are declared in outage jointly or individually and whether there is instantaneous or statistical channel state information (CSI) at the transmitters. For the statistical CSI scenario, we discuss how to find the outage probabilities in closed form. We provide interpretations of the definitions and compare the corresponding regions via analytical and numerical results.

Lindblom, Johannes; Larsson, Erik G

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

Degrees of Freedom of Time Correlated MISO Broadcast Channel with Delayed CSIT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider the time correlated MISO broadcast channel where the transmitter has imperfect knowledge on the current channel state, in addition to delayed channel state information. By representing the quality of the current channel state information as P^-{\\alpha} for the signal-to-noise ratio P and some constant {\\alpha} \\geq 0, we characterize the optimal degree of freedom region for this more general two-user MISO broadcast correlated channel. The essential ingredients of the proposed scheme lie in the quantization and multicasting of the overheard interferences, while broadcasting new private messages. Our proposed scheme smoothly bridges between the scheme recently proposed by Maddah-Ali and Tse with no current state information and a simple zero-forcing beamforming with perfect current state information.

Yang, Sheng; Gesbert, David; Yi, Xinping

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

NAESB Business Practice Subcommittee (BPS) ATC Project  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

thus far * 10114 NAESB BPS ATC Project Kick Off * 107 - 10814 NAESB BPS Meeting (MISO - Carmel, IN) * 1028 - 102914 NAESB BPS Meeting (PJM - Valley Forge, PA) Future...

140

Explicit Solution of Worst-Case Secrecy Rate for MISO Wiretap Channels with Spherical Uncertainty  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A multiple-input single-output (MISO) wiretap channel model is considered, that includes a multi-antenna transmitter, a single-antenna legitimate receiver and a single-antenna eavesdropper. For the scenario in which spherical uncertainty for both the legitimate and the eavesdropper channels is included, the problem of finding the optimal input covariance that maximizes the worst-case secrecy rate subject to a power constraint, is considered, and an explicit expression for the maximum worst-case secrecy rate is provided.

Li, Jiangyuan

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "miso mro pjm" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Hard x-ray observations of Cygnus X-1 with the MISO telescope  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The results of hard x-ray, soft gamma-ray observations of the galactic black hole candidate, Cyg X-1, taken with the MISO telescope in October 1979 and May 1980 are presented, confirming the superlow state measured during September-October 1979 by the HEAO 3 satellite. The 1980 observation coincides with a low- to high-state transition and is consistent with HEAO 3 observations taken at the same epoch. No gamma-ray counting-rate excess above 200 keV was recorded in either observation. Apart from these two measurements, the observation of the Crab Nebula as an a posteriori calibration source is also described. 15 references.

Perotti, F.; Della Ventura, A.; Villa, G.; Bassani, L.; Butler, R.C.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

On the Degrees of Freedom of time correlated MISO broadcast channel with delayed CSIT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider the time correlated MISO broadcast channel where the transmitter has partial knowledge on the current channel state, in addition to delayed channel state information (CSI). Rather than exploiting only the current CSI, as the zero-forcing precoding, or only the delayed CSI, as the Maddah-Ali-Tse (MAT) scheme, we propose a seamless strategy that takes advantage of both. The achievable degrees of freedom of the proposed scheme is characterized in terms of the quality of the current channel knowledge.

Kobayashi, Mari; Gesbert, David; Yi, Xinping

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Full Diversity Codes for MISO Systems Equipped with Linear or ML Detectors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper, a general criterion for space time block codes (STBC) to achieve full-diversity with a linear receiver is proposed for a wireless communication system having multiple transmitter and single receiver antennas (MISO). Particularly, the STBC with Toeplitz structure satisfies this criterion and therefore, enables full-diversity. Further examination of this Toeplitz STBC reveals the following important properties: a) The symbol transmission rate can be made to approach unity. b) Applying the Toeplitz code to any signalling scheme having nonzero distance between the nearest constellation points results in a non-vanishing determinant. In addition, if QAM is used as the signalling scheme, then for independent MISO flat fading channels, the Toeplitz codes is proved to approach the optimal diversity-vs-multiplexing tradeoff with a ZF receiver when the number of channel uses is large. This is, so far, the first non-orthogonal STBC shown to achieve the optimal tradeoff for such a receiver. On the other han...

Liu, Jing; Wong, Kon Max

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

PJM©2012 Minimum Generation Alert PJM Actions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

– To provide alert that system conditions may require the use of emergency procedures as a result of generation exceeding demand. • Trigger – When expected generation levels approach 2,500 MW of normal generation limits.

Evaluate Schedules (including; Prior Light; Load Period

145

Coordinated Beamforming for Multiuser MISO Interference Channel under Rate Outage Constraints  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper studies the coordinated beamforming design problem for the multiple-input single-output (MISO) interference channel, assuming only channel distribution information (CDI) at the transmitters. For a given requirement on the rate outage probability for receivers, we aim to maximize the system utility (e.g., the weighted sum rate, weighted proportional fairness rate, and the weighed harmonic mean rate) subject to the rate outage constraints and individual power constraints. The outage constraints, however, lead to a complicated, nonconvex structure for the considered beamforming design problem and make the optimization problem difficult to handle. While this nonconvex optimization problem can be solved in an exhaustive search manner, this brute-force approach is only feasible when the number of transmitter-receiver pairs is small. For a system with a large number of transmitter-receiver pairs, computationally efficient alternatives are necessary. The focus of this paper is hence on the design of such e...

Li, Wei-Chiang; Lin, Che; Chi, Chong-Yung

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

Robust Secure Transmission in MISO Channels Based on Worst-Case Optimization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper studies robust transmission schemes for multiple-input single-output (MISO) wiretap channels. Both the cases of direct transmission and cooperative jamming with a helper are investigated with imperfect channel state information (CSI) for the eavesdropper links. Robust transmit covariance matrices are obtained based on worst-case secrecy rate maximization, under both individual and global power constraints. For the case of an individual power constraint, we show that the non-convex maximin optimization problem can be transformed into a quasiconvex problem that can be efficiently solved with existing methods. For a global power constraint, the joint optimization of the transmit covariance matrices and power allocation between the source and the helper is studied via geometric programming. We also study the robust wiretap transmission problem for the case with a quality-of-service constraint at the legitimate receiver. Numerical results show the advantage of the proposed robust design. In particular, ...

Huang, Jing

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

Source Optimization in MISO Relaying with Channel Mean Feedback: A Stochastic Ordering Approach  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper investigates the optimum source transmission strategy to maximize the capacity of a multiple-input single-output (MISO) amplify-and-forward relay channel, assuming source-relay channel mean feedback at the source. The challenge here is that relaying introduces a nonconvex structure in the objective function, thereby excluding the possible use of previous methods dealing with mean feedback that generally rely on the concavity of the objective function. A novel method is employed, which divides the feasible set into two subsets and establishes the optimum from one of them by comparison. As such, the optimization is transformed into the comparison of two nonnegative random variables in the Laplace transform order, which is one of the important stochastic orders. It turns out that the optimum transmission strategy is to transmit along the known channel mean and its orthogonal eigenchannels. The condition for rank-one precoding (beamforming) to achieve capacity is also determined. Our results subsume th...

Ding, Minhua

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

Outage Constrained Robust Transmit Optimization for Multiuser MISO Downlinks: Tractable Approximations by Conic Optimization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper we consider a probabilistic signal-to-interference and-noise ratio (SINR) constrained problem for transmit beamforming design in the presence of imperfect channel state information (CSI), under a multiuser multiple-input single-output (MISO) downlink scenario. In particular, we deal with outage-based quality-of-service constraints, where the probability of each user's SINR not satisfying a service requirement must not fall below a given outage probability specification. The study of solution approaches to the probabilistic SINR constrained problem is important because CSI errors are often present in practical systems and they may cause substantial SINR outages if not handled properly. However, a major technical challenge is how to process the probabilistic SINR constraints. To tackle this, we propose a novel relaxation- restriction (RAR) approach, which consists of two key ingredients-semidefinite relaxation (SDR), and analytic tools for conservatively approximating probabilistic constraints. Th...

Wang, Kun-Yu; Chang, Tsung-Hui; Ma, Wing-Kin; Chi, Chong-Yung

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

How to Fully Exploit the Degrees of Freedom in the Downlink of MISO Systems With Opportunistic Beamforming  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The opportunistic beamforming in the downlink of multiple-input single-output (MISO) systems forms $N$ transmit beams, usually, no more than the number of transmit antennas $N_t$. However, the degrees of freedom in this downlink is as large as $N_t^2$. That is, at most $N_t^2$ rather than only $N_t$ users can be simultaneously transmitted and thus the scheduling latency can be significantly reduced. In this paper, we focus on the opportunistic beamforming schemes with $N_tMISO systems over Rayleigh fading channels. We first show how to design the beamforming matrix with maximum number of transmit beams as well as least correlation between any pair of them as possible, through Fourier, Grassmannian, and mutually unbiased bases (MUB) based constructions in practice. Then, we analyze their system throughput by exploiting the asymptotic theory of extreme order statistics. Finally, our simulation results show the Grassmannian-based beamforming achieves the maximum ...

Xia, Minghua; Kim, Soo-Chang

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Survival in subpopulations of cells derived from solid KHT sarcomas by centrifugal elutriation following treatment with CCNU and MISO  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Misonidazole (MISO) has been shown to enhance the cytotoxicity of 1-(2-chloroethyl)-3-cyclohexyl-1-nitrosourea (CCNU) in a number of different animal tumor systems. The authors have investigated the response to therapy of the various subpopulations of cells comprising the KHT sarcoma, to determine whether chemopotentiation occurred as a preferential enhancement of killing in one subpopulation of cells. Twenty-four hr after drug treatment, cells dissociated from solid tumors were separated into homogeneous populations based on cell size by the technique of centrifugal elutriation. Clonogenic cell survival was measured for each elutriated fraction. In vivo treatment with MISO produced no measurable cell-kill across the cell cycle. Those cells in late G/sub 1/ and S phase 24 hr after treatment were most sensitive to CCNU alone. The enhancement of CCNU cytotoxicity by MISO occurred primarily in the early G/sub 1/ and S fractions. These data suggest that chemopotentiation does not occur equally in all tumor cell subpopulations and that some specificity of enhanced cell killing exists.

Hill, S.A.; Keng, P.C.; Siemann, D.W.

1984-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Ber analysis of iterative turbo encoded miso wireless communication system under implementation of q-ostbc scheme  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper, a comprehensive study has been made to evaluate the performance of a MISO wireless communication system. The 4-by-1 spatially multiplexed Turbo encoded system under investigation incorporates Quasi-orthogonal space-time block coding (Q-STBC) and ML signal detection schemes under QPSK, QAM, 16PSK and 16QAM digital modulations. The simulation results elucidate that a significant improvement of system performance is achieved in QAM modulation. The results are also indicative of noticeable system performance enhancement with increasing number of iterations in Turbo encoding/decoding scheme.

Kabir, M Hasnat; Zaman, Mustari; Rashed, Md Golam

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

Optimal Use of Current and Outdated Channel State Information - Degrees of Freedom of the MISO BC with Mixed CSIT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider a multiple-input-single-output (MISO) broadcast channel with mixed channel state information at the transmitter (CSIT) that consists of imperfect current CSIT and perfect outdated CSIT. Recent work by Kobayashi et al. presented a scheme which exploits both imperfect current CSIT and perfect outdated CSIT and achieves higher degrees of freedom (DoF) than possible with only imperfect current CSIT or only outdated CSIT individually. In this work, we further improve the achievable DoF in this setting by incorporating additional private messages, and provide a tight information theoretic DoF outer bound, thereby identifying the DoF optimal use of mixed CSIT. The new result is stronger even in the original setting of only delayed CSIT, because it allows us to remove the restricting assumption of statistically equivalent fading for all users.

Gou, Tiangao

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

A convex approximation approach to Weighted Sum Rate Maximization of Multiuser MISO Interference Channel under outage constraints  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper considers weighted sum rate maximization of multiuser multiple-input single-output interference channel (MISO-IFC) under outage constraints. The outage-constrained weighted sum rate maximization problem is a nonconvex optimization problem and is difficult to solve. While it is possible to optimally deal with this problem in an exhaustive search manner by finding all the Pareto-optimal rate tuples in the (discretized) outage-constrained achievable rate region, this approach, however, suffers from a prohibitive computational complexity and is feasible only when the number of transmitter-receive pairs is small. In this paper, we propose a convex optimization based approximation method for efficiently handling the outage-constrained weighted sum rate maximization problem. The proposed approximation method consists of solving a sequence of convex optimization problems, and thus can be efficiently implemented by interior-point methods. Simulation results show that the proposed method can yield near-optim...

Li, Wei-Chiang; Lin, Che; Chi, Chong-Yung

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

Single-User Beamforming in Large-Scale MISO Systems with Per-Antenna Constant-Envelope Constraints: The Doughnut Channel  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Large antenna arrays at the base station (BS) has recently been shown to achieve remarkable intra-cell interference suppression at low complexity. However, building large arrays in practice, would require the use of power-efficient RF amplifiers, which generally have poor linearity characteristics and hence would require the use of input signals with a very small peak-to-average power ratio (PAPR). In this paper, we consider the single-user Multiple-Input Single-Output (MISO) downlink channel for the case where the BS antennas are constrained to transmit signals having constant envelope (CE). We show that, with per-antenna CE transmission the effective channel seen by the receiver is a SISO AWGN channel with its input constrained to lie in a doughnut-shaped region. For single-path direct-line-of-sight (DLOS) and general i.i.d. fading channels, analysis of the effective doughnut channel shows that under a per-antenna CE input constraint, i) compared to an average-only total transmit power constrained MISO chan...

Mohammed, Saif Khan

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

MRO/CRISM Retrieval of Surface Lambert Albedos for Multispectral Mapping of Mars with DISORT-based Rad. Transfer Modeling: Phase 1 - Using Historical Climatology for Temperatures, Aerosol Opacities, & Atmo. Pressures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We discuss the DISORT-based radiative transfer pipeline ('CRISM_LambertAlb') for atmospheric and thermal correction of MRO/CRISM data acquired in multispectral mapping mode (~200 m/pixel, 72 spectral channels). Currently, in this phase-one version of the system, we use aerosol optical depths, surface temperatures, and lower-atmospheric temperatures, all from climatology derived from Mars Global Surveyor Thermal Emission Spectrometer (MGS-TES) data, and surface altimetry derived from MGS Mars Orbiter Laser Altimeter (MOLA). The DISORT-based model takes as input the dust and ice aerosol optical depths (scaled to the CRISM wavelength range), the surface pressures (computed from MOLA altimetry, MGS-TES lower-atmospheric thermometry, and Viking-based pressure climatology), the surface temperatures, the reconstructed instrumental photometric angles, and the measured I/F spectrum, and then outputs a Lambertian albedo spectrum. The Lambertian albedo spectrum is valuable geologically since it allows the mineralogical ...

McGuire, P C; Smith, M D; Arvidson, R E; Murchie, S L; Clancy, R T; Roush, T L; Cull, S C; Lichtenberg, K A; Wiseman, S M; Green, R O; Martin, T Z; Milliken, R E; Cavender, P J; Humm, D C; Seelos, F P; Seelos, K D; Taylor, H W; Ehlmann, B L; Mustard, J F; Pelkey, S M; Titus, T N; Hash, C D; Malaret, E R

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

PJM Interconnection, LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformation Earth'sOklahoma/GeothermalOrange County is aOrmesa IOvonicPECO) Jump to:Norristown, PA

157

Executive Forum on Solutions to Transmission Investment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. California ISO CenterPoint Energy Duke Energy Entergy EPRI Exelon FirstEnergy GE Energy Institut de recherche Transmission Co. MidAmerican Energy Midwest Independent Transmission System Operator (MISO) National Grid USA National Rural Electric Coop. Assn. New York ISO New York Power Authority Pacific Gas and Electric PJM

158

Implications of changing natural gas prices in the United States electricity sector for SO2, NOX and life cycle GHG emissions: Supplementary Information  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

/MJ = 59 kg CO2 e/MWh Combustion emissions at natural gas plant A in ERCOT: 500 kg CO2 e/MWh Annual = 59 kg CO2 e/MWh / 40% = 148 kg CO2 e/MWh Combustion emissions per MWh = 500 kg CO2 e/MWh Life cycle-level combustion emissions at fossil fuel plants in ERCOT, MISO and PJM. The red lines represent median values

Jaramillo, Paulina

159

NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC. Ancillary Services in the United  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

/ISOs Market Installed Capacity Miles of Transmission Population PJM 164,895 MW 56,499 51M MISO 146,497 MW 53 · Capacity Markets #12;5 Ancillary Services · Ancillary services can either be cost-based or market April 2013 NREL/PR6A2058554 #12;2 North American Energy Markets Source: ISO/RTO Council #12;3 U.S. RTOs

160

TRANSPORT OF WASTE SIMULANTS IN PJM VENT LINES  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The experimental work was conducted to determine whether there is a potential for waste simulant to transport or 'creep' up the air link line and contaminate the pulse jet vent system, and possibly cause long term restriction of the air link line. Additionally, if simulant creep occurred, establish operating parameters for washing down the line. The amount of the addition of flush fluids and mixer downtime must be quantified.

Qureshi, Z

2007-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "miso mro pjm" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Lessons from a Comparative Analysis of California and PJM Electricity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.4 Market Performance Before the State's Crisis:1998-1999......................11 2.4.1 Wholesale Market.1.1 High Wholesale Prices.................................................................15 3..................................................................................16 3.2.1 Mismatch: Wholesale and Retail Electricity Prices.....................17 3.2.2 Lack

Delaware, University of

162

PJM Interconnection, LLC Smart Grid Project | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating Solar Powerstories onFocusOski Energy LLC Place: Reno,PEPCO Energy ServicesProject

163

Pepco and PJM Interconnection Comments on District of Columbia Public  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of Energy Power.pdf11-161-LNG |September 15, 2010Energy6 Frontera STAT.Paul L. JoskowDepartmentService

164

PJM Presentation - The Silver Bullet: Storage! (July 12, 2011) | Department  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion | Department ofT ib l L d F SSales LLCDieselEnergyHistory andPEMFCPHYSICALLeakageof

165

Property:EIA/861/RtoPjm | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformationInyoCoolingTowerWaterUseSummerConsumed JumpMoverNercErcot Jump to:NercSpp

166

Estructura y funciones de un operador independiente  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.......................................................................................................................................20 3.3 CASO PJM

Rudnick, Hugh

167

Workshop in Regulation &  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Consultant, PJM Interconnection, "RPM: Reliability Pricing Model: A New Proposal from PJM" Mark Babula

Lin, Xiaodong

168

Beamforming and Rate Allocation in MISO Cognitive Radio Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider decentralized multi-antenna cognitive radio networks where secondary (cognitive) users are granted simultaneous spectrum access along with license-holding (primary) users. We treat the problem of distributed beamforming and rate allocation for the secondary users such that the minimum weighted secondary rate is maximized. Such an optimization is subject to (1) a limited weighted sum-power budget for the secondary users and (2) guaranteed protection for the primary users in the sense that the interference level imposed on each primary receiver does not exceed a specified level. Based on the decoding method deployed by the secondary receivers, we consider three scenarios for solving this problem. In the first scenario each secondary receiver decodes only its designated transmitter while suppressing the rest as Gaussian interferers (single-user decoding). In the second case each secondary receiver employs the maximum likelihood decoder (MLD) to jointly decode all secondary transmissions, and in the t...

Tajer, Ali; Wang, Xiaodong

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Robust Monotonic Optimization Framework for Multicell MISO Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The performance of multiuser systems is both difficult to measure fairly and to solve optimally. Most resource allocation problems are non-convex, even under simplifying assumptions such as perfect channel knowledge, homogeneous channel properties among users, and simple power constraints. Herein, we establish a general optimization framework that systematically solves these problems to global optimality. The proposed branch-reduce-and-bound (BRB) algorithm handles general multicell downlink systems with single-antenna users, multiantenna transmitters, arbitrary linear power constraints, and robustness to channel uncertainty. The problem of robust optimization with fairness-profile is solved at each iteration, which is a quasi-convex problem and a novel generalization of regular max-min fairness. The BRB algorithm is in general computationally costly, but it shows far better convergence than the previously known outer polyblock approximation algorithm. Our framework is suitable for computing benchmarks in gen...

Björnson, Emil; Bengtsson, Mats; Ottersten, Björn

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Linear Beamforming for the Spatially Correlated MISO broadcast channel  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A spatially correlated broadcast setting with M antennas at the base station and M users (each with a single antenna) is considered. We assume that the users have perfect channel information about their links and the base station has only statistical information about each user's link. The base station employs a linear beamforming strategy with one spatial eigen-mode allocated to each user. The goal of this work is to understand the structure of the beamforming vectors that maximize the ergodic sum-rate achieved by treating interference as noise. In the M = 2 case, we first fix the beamforming vectors and compute the ergodic sum-rate in closed-form as a function of the channel statistics. We then show that the optimal beamforming vectors are the dominant generalized eigenvectors of the covariance matrices of the two links. It is difficult to obtain intuition on the structure of the optimal beamforming vectors for M > 2 due to the complicated nature of the sum-rate expression. Nevertheless, in the case of asym...

Raghavan, Vasanthan; Hanly, Stephen

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

EA-343 Midwest Independent Transmission Operator (MISO) | Department of  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:Year in Review: TopEnergy DOEDealingVehicle1 Closing American Electric0-A S.A.C.9

172

Property:EIA/861/IsoMiso | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformationInyoCoolingTowerWaterUseSummerConsumed JumpMover JumpActivityTransmissionIsoCa

173

Geomagnetic effects modelling for the PJM interconnection system. Part 2; Geomagnetically induced current study results  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The development of a computer program for calculation of geomagnetically induced current (GIC) and a GIC power system model for the Pennsylvania-New Jersey-Maryland Interconnection is described in this paper. Results of GIC for three different ionospheric source configurations are shown. A new method is presented for estimating GIC in unmetered parts of the system based on a few measurements and precalculated geomagnetic disturbance conditions. The use of an interactive, menu driven GIC program to study mitigation concepts including the effects of line outages, line series capacitors, transformer neutral blocking resistors and transformer neutral blocking capacitors is also presented.

Prabhakara, F.S.; Hannett, L.N.; Ringlee, R.J. (Power Technologies, Inc., Schenectady, NY (United States)); Ponder, J.Z. (PJM Interconnection, Norristown, PA (US))

1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Using restructured electricity markets in the hydrogen transition: The PJM case  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We examine a hydrogen transition strategy of using excess electric generation capacity in the U.S. midatlantic states during off-peak hours to produce hydrogen via electrolysis. Four different generation technologies are evaluated: combined-cycle natural gas, nuclear power, clean coal, and pulverized coal. We construct hydrogen-electricity price curves for each technology and evaluate the resulting air emissions of key pollutants. Substantial capital investments may be avoided by leveraging off generation assets that would otherwise be built to produce electricity. We also account for the interaction between the production of hydrogen and wholesale electricity prices and demand. Results show that off-peak electrolysis is a plausible but not dominant strategy for hydrogen production; however, there may be a substantial real option value in using the electric power system to transition to a hydrogen economy that may exceed the direct cost savings of producing hydrogen by less expensive methods.

Felder, F.A.; Hajos, A. [Rutgers State University, New Brunswick, NJ (United States)

2006-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

175

Joint Maintenance Status Report of Potomac Electric Power Company amd PJM  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of EnergyEnergyENERGYWomentheATLANTA,Fermi NationalBusinessDepartmentatJeffRoundtables |Point #2

176

Preliminary Response of PJM Interconnection, L.L.C. to the Operating Plan  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of Energy Power.pdf11-161-LNG |September 15,2015 | Department of Energy University of California -Inc.of

177

Response by PJM to letters from the City of Alexandria and the Virginia  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of Energy Power.pdf11-161-LNG |September 15,2015Department ofRequirementsEnergyJ u l y 8 , 2009 Mr.

178

Response from PJM Interconnection LLC and Pepco to Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of Energy Power.pdf11-161-LNG |September 15,2015Department ofRequirementsEnergyJ u l y 8 , 2009Request for

179

Where has Electricity Demand Growth Gon in PJM and What are the Implications?  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelines About U.S. NaturalA. Michael SchaalNovember1. Foreign salesWestern Hemisphere4 Paul M.

180

Answer of Potomac Electric Power Company and PJM lnterconnection, L.L.C. to  

Energy Savers [EERE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustionImprovement3--Logistical Challenges to Smart GridofAnnual Peer Review Meetinglimits

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "miso mro pjm" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Motion to Intervene and Initial Comments of PJM Interconnection, L.L.C. |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarly Careerlumens_placard-green.eps MoreWSRC-STI-2007-00250 Rev. 05DepartmentOpen-Access

182

2010 Wind Technologies Market Report  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MWh NERC NREL NYISO OEM O&M PJM POU PPA PTC PUC REC RFI RPSoperations and maintenance PJM Interconnection publiclyMidwest, Mountain, Texas, PJM Interconnection, Northwest,

Wiser, Ryan

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Developing State and National Evaluation Infrastructures- Guidance for the Challenges and Opportunities of EM&V  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

rtfAdmin@nwcouncil.org PJM Forward Market Operations 2010. "PJM Manual 18B: Energy Efficiency Measurement &such as ISO New England and PJM Regional Transmission

Schiller, Steven R.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

2009 Wind Technologies Market Report  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Midwest, Mountain, Texas, PJM, SPP, and Northwest regions.the The queues surveyed include PJM Interconnection, MidwestMidwest, Mountain, Texas, PJM, SPP, and Northwest regions:

Wiser, Ryan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

National Energy Efficiency Evaluation, Measurement and Verification (EM&V) Standard: Scoping Study of Issues and Implementation Requirements  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

rebatesincentives/ief/ PJM Forward Market Operations 2010. "PJM Manual 18B: Energy Efficiency Measurement &Independent System Operator 13 and PJM Regional Transmission

Schiller, Steven R.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Analysis of Wind Power and Load Data at Multiple Time Scales  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

29   Appendix A. PJM Windat Multiple Time Scales Appendix A. PJM Wind Data The windpower data for the PJM control area cover the period January

Coughlin, Katie

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Flexible Transmission in the Smart Grid  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2004) Entrepreneur, “PJM scheduling software saves customersHerling, S. R. , VP-Planning, PJM, Norristown, PA, privateimplementations in the PJM markets,” HEPG Forty-Ninth

Hedman, Kory Walter

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

F. Gavarini "Quantization of Poisson groups"  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

­266, http://pjm.berkeley.edu/pjm/1998/186-2/pjm-v186-n2-p02-p.pdf INTRODUCTION "Dualitas dualitatum et omnia

Gavarini, Fabio

189

2011 Wind Technologies Market Report  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MWh NERC NREL NYISO OEM O&M PJM POU PPA PTC PUC REC RFI RPSoperations and maintenance PJM Interconnection publiclyis planned for the Midwest, PJM Interconnection, Texas,

Bolinger, Mark

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Blackout of 2003: Description and Responses  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Operator (MISO), National Electric Reliability Council, New York Times (including transcripts from the MISO

191

Demand Response in U.S. Electricity Markets: Empirical Evidence  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

22, 2009. Norristown, PA: PJM Interconnection, LLC, 2009.opennat.asp? fileID=11833372 PJM Interconnection, LLC.ISO New England (ISO-NE), and PJM Interconnection (PJM). The

Cappers, Peter

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

The Treatment of Renewable Energy Certificates, Emissions Allowances, and Green Power Programs in State Renewables Portfolio Standards  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

systems (NEPOOL GIS and PJM-EIS GATS) and three statein New England and the PJM region (see below for discussionmanual manual NEPOOL GIS PJM-EIS GATS PJM-EIS GATS manual

Holt, Edward A.; Wiser, Ryan H.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Recommended Entry Requirements for the International Foundation Year  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Secondary Education Certificate) ­ 80% \\\\soton.ac.uk\\home\\windows\\pjm\\mydocuments\\pjm\\LASS IFY to study Law. \\\\soton.ac.uk\\home\\windows\\pjm\\mydocuments\\pjm\\LASS IFY\\ADMIN\\APPLICATIONS ADMISSIONS

Anderson, Jim

194

The evolution of postpollination reproductive isolation in Costus  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Evol Biol 18:568 Maas PJM (1972) Costoideae (Zingiberaceae).New York, USA Maas PJM (1977) Renealmia (Zingiberaceae-

Yost, Jenn M.; Kay, Kathleen M.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Abstract--It is impractical to analyze all of the possible contingencies in a large-scale interconnected power network.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

University. He joined PJM Interconnection as a transmission planning engineer recently. (e-mail: chenq@pjm

McCalley, James D.

196

Formalisms for Describing Dissipation P. J. Morrison  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Metriplectic Dynamics · incomplete (Brockett, Vallis et al. (1989)) · complete (PJM, Kaufman, Grmela (1985 Integral Transform (PJM, Pfirsch,

Morrison, Philip J.,

197

Wealth Transfers Among Large Customers from Implementing Real-Time Retail Electricity Pricing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Available at http://www.ucei.org. PJM Interconnection Marketmarket-monitor/downloads/mmu- reports/pjm-som-2004.pdf.

Borenstein, Severin

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Feedback reduction techniques and fairness in multi-user MIMO broadcast channels with random beamforming  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of transmit beamforming for miso systems with imperfectand temporally correlated miso channels in the presence ofmultiple-input single-output (MISO) chan- nels. The effects

Pugh, Matthew Owen

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Design and analysis of MIMO systems with practical channel state information assumptions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Comparison with Optimal MISO CSI-Quantizers . . . . . . 9655 Capacity Analysis of MISO Systems with Finite-Rate CSIAnalysis of MISO CSI Quantizers with Mismatched Codebooks

Zheng, Jun

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Large wireless networks : fundamental limits and design issues  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

multiple-input single-output (MISO) channels between allnumber of independent MISO channels given by (2.8), rathercapacities of the individual MISO channels between the nodes

Minero, Paolo

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "miso mro pjm" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Performance analysis of interference suppression techniques for multiple antenna systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Pre-BLAST-DFE Technique for MISO Channels with DecentralizedPrecoding Operating over MISO Frequency Selec- tive Fadingon a Nonlinear Precoder for MISO Channels with Decentralized

Amihood, Patrick

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Feedback, power control, and beamforming : methods for situational aware wireless networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Outage balancing in multiuser MISO networks: network dualityOutage balancing in multiuser MISO networks: network dualitywith partial feedback for MISO downlink transmission using

Huang, Yichao

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

The Cost of Transmission for Wind Energy: A Review of Transmission Planning Studies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2007. “Inclusion of Wind in the MISO Transmission Expansionhttp://www.jcspstudy.org/ Midwest ISO (MISO). 2007. Midwest+Planning Midwest ISO (MISO). 2003. Midwest Transmission

Mills, Andrew D.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Topological Interference Management through Index Coding  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Degrees of freedom of the MISO BC with mixed CSIT,” IEEEof freedom of time correlated MISO broadcast channel withof alternating CSIT for the MISO BC,” IEEE Transactions on

Jafar, Syed A

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Widely linear equalization for MIMO and SISO communications systems using filter banks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Selective MISO Channel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .input-single- output (MISO) channel is not fully addressed.system in a frequency selective MISO channel and the WLE

Pun, Ka Shun Carson

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

A CRITICAL REVIEW OF WIND TRANSMISSION COST ESTIMATES FROM MAJOR TRANSMISSION PLANNING EFFORTS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Report.pdf Midwest ISO (MISO). 2003. Midwest TransmissionConference September 2007 MISO. 2007. Midwest Transmission2006 SDG&E Midwest ISO (MISO) ISO/RTO February 2007 MISO '06

Mills, Andrew; Wiser, Ryan; Porter, Kevin

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

NAGOYA UNIVERSITY GLOBAL 30 INTERNATIONAL PROGRAMSPrinted in March 2014 Furo-cho, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya, 464-8601, Japan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

include miso-nikomi-udon (Nagoya-style udon noodles with miso soup) and miso-katsu (fried pork cutlets with rich red miso sauce). Nagoya cuisine is also well known for a variety of chicken dishes

Takahashi, Ryo

208

RNA Splicing Regulation in Drosophila melanogaster  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Another method called MISO (Katz et al. 2010) performs thisand then quantified, while MISO requires an a priori set of

Brooks, Angela Norie

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

Degrees-of-Freedom Region of the MISO Broadcast Channel with General Mixed-CSIT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In the setting of the two-user broadcast channel, recent work by Maddah-Ali and Tse has shown that knowledge of prior channel state information at the transmitter (CSIT) can be useful, even in the absence of any knowledge of current CSIT. Very recent work by Kobayashi et al., Yang et al., and Gou and Jafar, extended this to the case where, instead of no current CSIT knowledge, the transmitter has partial knowledge, and where under a symmetry assumption, the quality of this knowledge is identical for the different users' channels. Motivated by the fact that in multiuser settings, the quality of CSIT feedback may vary across different links, we here generalize the above results to the natural setting where the current CSIT quality varies for different users' channels. For this setting we derive the optimal degrees-of-freedom (DoF) region, and provide novel multi-phase broadcast schemes that achieve this optimal region. Finally this generalization incorporates and generalizes the corresponding result in Maleki e...

Chen, Jinyuan

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

Optimal and Robust Transmit Designs for MISO Channel Secrecy by Semidefinite Programming  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In recent years there has been growing interest in study of multi-antenna transmit designs for providing secure communication over the physical layer. This paper considers the scenario of an intended multi-input single-output channel overheard by multiple multi-antenna eavesdroppers. Specifically, we address the transmit covariance optimization for secrecy-rate maximization (SRM) of that scenario. The challenge of this problem is that it is a nonconvex optimization problem. This paper shows that the SRM problem can actually be solved in a convex and tractable fashion, by recasting the SRM problem as a semidefinite program (SDP). The SRM problem we solve is under the premise of perfect channel state information (CSI). This paper also deals with the imperfect CSI case. We consider a worst-case robust SRM formulation under spherical CSI uncertainties, and we develop an optimal solution to it, again via SDP. Moreover, our analysis reveals that transmit beamforming is generally the optimal transmit strategy for SR...

Li, Qiang

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Non-Convex Utility Maximization in Gaussian MISO Broadcast and Interference Channels  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Utility (e.g., sum-rate) maximization for multiantenna broadcast and interference channels (with one antenna at the receivers) is known to be in general a non-convex problem, if one limits the scope to linear (beamforming) strategies at transmitter and receivers. In this paper, it is shown that, under some standard assumptions, most notably that the utility function is decreasing with the interference levels at the receivers, a global optimal solution can be found with reduced complexity via a suitably designed Branch-and-Bound method. Although infeasible for real-time implementation, this procedure enables a non-heuristic and systematic assessment of suboptimal techniques. A suboptimal strategy is then proposed that, when applied to sum-rate maximization, reduces to the well-known distributed pricing techniques. Finally, numerical results are provided that compare global optimal solutions with suboptimal (pricing) techniques for sum-rate maximization problems, leading to insight into issues such as the robus...

Rossi, M; Simeone, O; Haimovich, A M

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

The generation fleet in MISO is being affected by time, fuel...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Power Plan 111(b) & (d) Nature of Regulation Mercury and Air Toxics Standards Cross State Air Pollution Rule and Cooling Water Regulations (316(b)) New air quality standards Coal...

213

Microsoft PowerPoint - MISO-SPP Market Impacts HydPwrConf 2014  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: VegetationEquipment Surfaces andMapping Richland OperationsU.S. CommercialIn this paper, weSchool

214

Addressing Energy Demand through Demand Response: International Experiences and Practices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

New England 13 and the PJM Interconnection 14 . According toGW. The current size of the PJM system is approximately 165markets, most notably in the PJM Interconnection and ISO-New

Shen, Bo

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

2008 WIND TECHNOLOGIES MARKET REPORT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the Midwest, Texas, Southwest, and PJM regions: wind in the52 GW), SPP (48 GW), and PJM (43 GW) account for over 70% ofThe queues surveyed include PJM Interconnection, Midwest

Bolinger, Mark

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Demand Response Valuation Frameworks Paper  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

12: Market Impacts of Price Responsive Load in PJM and ISO-44 Figure 15: PJM Synchronized Reserve Scheduled MW:particularly those in PJM’s service territory, have begun

Heffner, Grayson

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

Who Owns Renewable Energy Certificates? An Exploration of Policy Options and Practice  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

GATS) being developed by PJM-Environmental InformationQFs by the utilities at the PJM billing rate (the marginalwas still under development by PJM (the BPU has subsequently

Holt, Edward A.; Wiser, Ryan; Bolinger, Mark

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

REGULATION AND SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCE: EFFECTS ON THE SITING OF CALIFORNIA ELECTRICAL ENERGY FACILITIES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

calculated by a special PJM algorithm based on the MAJORYork State Power Pool (1966) 4. PJM Pennsylvania-New Jersey-familiar with NEPEX and PJM. Kaprielian Interview. Perry, p.

Kooser, J.C.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

The Role of Demand Response in Default Service Pricing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

every five minutes. The hourly PJM real time market price iscomposite five-minute prices. PJM also administers a day-and Pennsylvania use the PJM real-time market as the basis

Barbose, Galen; Goldman, Charles; Neenan, Bernie

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

Mapping radii of metric spaces # George M. Bergman  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to subscribers at http://pjm.math.berkeley.edu/pjm/2008/236­2/pjm­v236­n2­p02­s.pdf . Dedicated to the memory

Bergman, George Mark

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "miso mro pjm" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Measuring Short-term Air Conditioner Demand Reductions for Operations and Settlement  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

017F.PDF KEMA, Inc. 2011. PJM Empirical Analysis of DemandMethods. Prepared for the PJM Markets Implementation~/media/markets-ops/dsr/pjm-analysis-of-dr-baseline-methods-

Bode, Josh

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Economic Consequences of Alternative Solution Methods for Centralized Unit Commitment in Day-Ahead Electricity Markets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

have led several ISOs, such as PJM, to implement MIP-basedsolution found is optimal. PJM, for instance, allows its MIPbe employed. Nonetheless, PJM currently relies on B&B, and

Sioshansi, Ramteen; O'Neill, Richard; Oren, Shmuel S

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Real-time high-resolution X-ray imaging and nuclear magnetic resonance study of the hydration of pure and Na-doped C3A in the presence of sulfates  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1992. 9. Mehta PK, Monteiro PJM. Concrete - Microstructure,Emwas c , J. L. Provis d and P.J.M. Monteiro e a Department16. Silva DA, Monteiro PJM. Early Formation of Ettringite in

Kirchheim,, A. P.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

The Summer of 2006: A Milestone in the Ongoing Maturation of Demand Response  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Response – What’s Happening in PJM? Demand Response: CaseEdison (ConEd) Mid-Atlantic • PJM Interconnection • PEPCOERCOT, ISO-NE, NYISO and PJM—offered a range of economic and

Hopper, Nicole; Goldman, Charles; Bharvirkar, Ranjit; Engel, Dan

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Mapping radii of metric spaces George M. Bergman  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to subscribers at http://pjm.math.berkeley.edu/pjm/2008/236-2/pjm-v236-n2-p02-s.pdf . Dedicated to the memory

Bergman, George Mark

226

What China Can Learn from International Experiences in Developing a Demand Response Program  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

be able to be met). In PJM, the largest regional wholesalewhen called upon to do so. (e.g. PJM ELRP, IMO WA) Ancillarymarket energy price. (e.g. PJM SRM, UK STOR) Source: DOE (

Shen, Bo

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Switchable cell trapping using superparamagnetic beads  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

exchange constant, A = 13 pJm , saturation magnetization M sCMW, where A was increased to 39 pJm in the finely meshedregion (A = 390 pJm elsewhere). Lower A in CMW resulted in a

Bryan, M. T.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Localized Plasticity in the Streamlined Genomes of Vinyl Chloride Respiring Dehalococcoides  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Conceived and designed the experiments: PJM SFB FEL AMS.Performed the experiments: PJM SFB KMR.Analyzed the data: PJM SFB JAM JG KMR RW EG AL SH FEL AMS.

McMurdie, Paul J.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

F. Gavarini "Quantization of Poisson groups"  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

­266, http://pjm.berkeley.edu/pjm/1998/186-2/pjm-v186-n2-p02-p.pdf ABSTRACT Let G be a connected simply

Gavarini, Fabio

230

The Role of Demand Response in Default Service Pricing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Pennsylvania use the PJM real-time spot market price tosince the hourly real-time PJM prices are not known untilfive minutes. The hourly PJM price is a weighted average of

Barbose, Galen; Goldman, Chuck; Neenan, Bernie

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Loads Providing Ancillary Services: Review of International Experience  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Operations, Brendan Kirby, ORNL/TM-2006-512, July. PJM 2005.Whitepaper on PJM Forward Energy Reserve: A Centralized CallManager, Retail Markets, PJM Interconnection LLC, January

Heffner, Grayson

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Coordination of Energy Efficiency and Demand Response  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

commitment. In May 2009, PJM announced results of itsin this auction, with PJM accepting 569 MW of efficiencyseparately to ISO-NE and PJM. The ISO/RTO program rules do

Goldman, Charles

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Killing Two Birds with One Stone: Can Real-Time Pricing Support Retail Competition and Demand Response?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

other states are indexed to the PJM real-time energy market.Pricing New Jersey Maryland PJM region* NYISO region ISO-NEpenetration data for the PJM region as a whole in addition

Barbose, Galen; Bharvirkar, Ranjit; Goldman, Charles; Hopper, Nicole; Neenan, Bernie

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Estimating Demand Response Load Impacts: Evaluation of Baseline Load Models for Non-Residential Buildings in California  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LBNL  Report  Number 58178.   [PJM 2007] Amended and Operating Agreement of PJM Interconnection LLC,  effective U.S.  ISO/RTOs (e.g. , NYISO, PJM, ISO?NE) in their DR 

Coughlin, Katie; Piette, Mary Ann; Goldman, Charles; Kiliccote, Sila

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Customer Risk from Real-Time Retail Electricity Pricing: Bill Volatility and Hedgability  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Orlando, FL: Dryden Press, 1988. PJM Interconnection Marketmonitor/downloads/mmu- reports/pjm-som-2004.pdf. FIGURE 1:gures are taken from the PJM (2005), pages 82-83. California

Borenstein, Severin

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Electricity Merger Policy in the Shadow of Regulation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Pennsylvania-New Jersey-Maryland (PJM) electricity wholesalehour of the next day. The PJM also solicits real-time bidseffects of a merger in the PJM region should consider price

Gilbert, Richard J; Newberry, David M

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

The Treatment of Renewable Energy Certificates, Emissions Allowances, and Green Power Programs in State Renewables Portfolio Standards  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

systems (NEPOOL GIS and PJM-EIS GATS) and three stateCurrently Used manual manual manual NEPOOL GIS PJM-EIS GATSPJM-EIS GATS manual manual NEPOOL GIS PJM-EIS GATS NEPOOL

Holt, Edward A.; Wiser, Ryan H.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Re: Potomac River Generating Station Department of Energy Case...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Per your request, Potomac Electric Power Company ("Pepco"), on behalf of itself and PJM Interconnection, L.L.C. ("PJM"), is providing you with information regarding the...

239

Analytical Frameworks to Incorporate Demand Response in Long-term Resource Planning  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in competitive wholesale capacity markets. In PJM,cleared the forward capacity market auctions in excess ofquantities in the PJM capacity market and it will likely

Satchwell, Andrew

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Lifetime and hyper ne structure of the 3 D 2 state of radium Jacek Biero n, 1, 4 Charlotte Froese Fischer, 2 Stephan Fritzsche, 3 and Krzysztof Pachucki 4  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for a particular atomic state ( PJM) = NCF X r c r #8;( r PJM) (1) is obtained as the self-consistent solution

Pachucki, Krzysztof

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "miso mro pjm" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Microsoft Word - 052606 Final Pepco DOE maintenance notice.doc  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Per your request, Potomac Electric Power Company ("Pepco"), on behalf of itself and PJM Interconnection, L.L.C. ("PJM"), is providing you with information regarding the...

242

EVLA Memo No. 39 Wayne Koski  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-Inputs. The same is true for the Master-Input-Slave-Output (MISO) in that the Master-Input must connect to all the daisy chain method would best be avoided. MIB MOSI MISO SCLK SLAVE #1-A MOSI MISO SCLK SLAVE #1-B MOSI MISO SCLK SLAVE #1-C MOSI MISO SCLK SLAVE #2 MOSI MISO SCLK SLAVE #3 MOSI MISO SCLK SS* SS* SS* SS* SS

Groppi, Christopher

243

[MRO] First Observation of CP Violation in the Decays of B[superscript 0 over s] Mesons  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Using pp collision data corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 1.0??fb[superscript -1] and collected by LHCb in 2011 at a center-of-mass energy of 7 TeV, we report the measurement of direct CP violation in Bs0?K[superscript ...

Williams, Michael

244

Toward a Systematic Framework for Deploying Synchrophasors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(Entergy), Jim Gronquist (BPA), Paul Myrda (EPRI), Antony Johnson (SCE), Mahendra Patel (PJM), Innocent

245

Parallel Animated Image File Generation Nishad Patel  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, frame) · getPixelDataSegmentParameters() · readSegment() #12;Hypotheses · Serial PJM processing times vs. Parallel PJM processing times ­ Parallel PJM should be quicker · Post-processing times vs. In-situ processing times ­ In-situ processing should be quicker · PJM processing times vs. processing times for other

Kaminsky, Alan

246

MA4F2 Braid Groups 20042005 Errata and hints and more examples  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) by pij pjm p-1 ij = aij (aij pjm a-1 ij ) a-1 ij = aij pim a-1 ij = p-1 im pjm pim and (3) by pij pim p-1 ij = aij (aij pim a-1 ij ) a-1 ij = aij (p-1 im pjm pim) a-1 ij = (aij pim a-1 ij )-1 (aij pjm a-1 ij )(aij pim a-1 ij ) = (p-1 im p-1 jm pim)(pim)(p-1 im pjm pim) = p-1 im p-1 jm pim pjm pim

Krammer, Daan

247

Maximizing the throughput of large ad hoc wireless networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

multi-input, single-output (MISO) protocol. During eachthe maximum throughput of the MISO protocol, in bits-meters/s/ Hz/node, is C MISO = (n ? 1) A log 2 1 + 2n P T ? h

Hua, Y; Huang, Y; Garcia-Luna-Aceves, J J

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

The Necessity of Relay Selection  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

multiple-input single-output (MISO) systems [16]–[19], itsfeedback beamforming in MISO systems, in which any set ofExample 3 (Comparison with MISO Systems). One of the most

Koyuncu, Erdem; Jafarkhani, Hamid

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

Transmit beamforming for multiple antenna systems with imperfect feedback  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

a transmit beamforming MISO system with imperfect feedback.error proba- bility of a MISO transmit beamforming system,”of finite rate feedback MISO systems in the presence of es-

Isukapalli, Yogananda R.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Taking ramen seriously : food, labor, and everyday life in modern Japan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

received small rations of miso, soy sauce, salt, cookingthat bread does not fit with miso soup, grilled fish, andpot, which I would eat with miso soup and salted cucumbers

Solt, George Sekine

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Factory Girl Literature: Sexuality, Violence, and Representation in Industrializing Korea  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

suk shares a desk with Miso, who keeps a copy of a book byjealously what it is about, Miso responds that she has noMind your own business” Miso responds, who cannot explain

Barraclough, Ruth

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

2011 Wind Technologies Market Report  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

WindLogics Inc. (2006) [MN-MISO (2006)]; EnerNex et al. (IPP ISO ISO-NE ITC kW kWh MISO MW MWh NERC NREL NYISO OEMIndependent System Operator (MISO), New York ISO (NYISO),

Bolinger, Mark

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

2009 Wind Technologies Market Report  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Texas, May 24, 2010. MISO. 2010. Dispatchable Intermittentand Windlogics Inc. (2006) [MN-MISO]; Puget Sound Energy (ITC kW kWh LADWP LIBOR MISO American Wind Energy Association

Wiser, Ryan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

Spectrally efficient underwater acoustic communications : channel characterization and design aspects for OFDM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

input single-output (MISO) and the MIMO setting with a rank-assess the ergodic capacity of MISO and MIMO UWA channels byfor two cases: an N t × 1 MISO system and a 2 × 2 MIMO

Radoševi?, Andreja

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Cooperative Multiplexing in Wireless Relay Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Input Multiple Output MISO Multiple Input Single Output MLno cooperation”) and 2×1 MISO (“unlimited cooperation”)Fig 2.6 achieves the 2 × 1 MISO bound for multiplexing gains

Nagpal, Vinayak

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Coordination of Retail Demand Response with Midwest ISO Markets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ER08-___-000," December 31. MISO, 2007b, M T E P 06 - TheMidwest ISO Transmission Expansion Plan, February. MISO,2007c, "MISO Press Release," U R L : http://

Bharvirkar, Ranjit

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Block-oriented nonlinear system identification using semidenite programming  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

identification method for MISO Wiener-Hammerstein model.multi-input single-output (MISO) case. More recent work canmulti-input single-output (MISO) case. More recent work can

Han, Younghee

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Correlation-based beamforming for multi-user MIMO channels  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

W. Cheng and R. Murch, “MU-MISO transmission with limitedis found in [42] for the MISO channel or in [28] for theoutperforms DPC in the MISO broadcast channel. A similar

Anderson, Adam L.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Power Scheduling for Multi-Hop Wireless Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

an achievable sum rate for this MISO-BC relay net- work byBC relay network and MISO-BC relay network are investigatedreceiver. We will skip the MISO case since it is similar to

Yu, Yuan

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Advanced Non-Krylov Subspace Model Order Reduction Techniques for Interconnect Circuits  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

decoupled into a number of MISO circuits based on the input-partitioned into many MISO systems and the traditionalcan be performed on these MISO systems. The new reduction

Yan, Boyuan

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "miso mro pjm" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Demand Response in U.S. Electricity Markets: Empirical Evidence  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Independent System Operator (MISO) and Southwest PowerTo help inform the debate at MISO and SPP concerning how tosettled using the EIS market. MISO administers a day-ahead

Cappers, Peter

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Performance of Non-Gaussian Distribution Based Communication and Compressed Sensing Systems /  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

by relating it to a MISO MAC communi- cation problem. Weof the |T |-sender Gaussian MISO MAC Y T = b X X w (j?1)b+iprobability distribution P. The MISO codeword index cho- sen

Kwon, Hwan Joon

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Retrospective Interference Alignment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

On the degrees of freedom of miso broadcast channels withthe X channel [17, 16] and the MISO BC [5], the interferencea DoF perspective. While the 2 user MISO BC setting easily

Maleki, Hamed; Jafar, Syed A; Shamai, Shlomo

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

2010 Wind Technologies Market Report  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

WindLogics Inc. (2006) [MN-MISO (2006)]; EnerNex et al. (IPP ISO ISO-NE ITC kW kWh MISO MW MWh NERC NREL NYISO OEMIndependent System Operator (MISO), New York ISO (NYISO),

Wiser, Ryan

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Performance analysis of multi-antenna OFDM systems with phase noise and imperfect channel estimation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

136 6 Performance Analysis of MISO-OFDM with Phase Noise andMANet MBWA MC MIMO Mbps MMSE MISO MRC MS MSH Media Accessand also exist in SIMO and MISO channels. Multiplexing gain,

Jalloh, Mohamed

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Channel estimation and feedback for multiple antenna communication  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Schematic representation of a MISO system with beamformingcapacity of the correlated MISO channel with Q-EGT for di?Outage probability of the MISO channel with quantized EGT (t

Murthy, Chandra Ramabhadra

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

2008 WIND TECHNOLOGIES MARKET REPORT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

multi-year)* Xcel-PSCo MN-MISO** Puget Sound Energy Arizonaand Windlogics Inc. (2006) [MN-MISO]; Puget Sound Energy (2008 at 2006 Gas Prices MN-MISO Pacificorp-2004 Pacificorp-

Bolinger, Mark

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Interference suppression in spread-spectrum networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

G. Proakis, “Analysis of a MISO pre- BLAST-DFE technique forpre-BLAST-DFE technique for MISO channels with decentralized

Sui, Haichang

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

MISO Market Performance: An AgentMISO Market Performance: An Agent--Based Computational TestBased Computational Test--BedBed HongyanHongyan LiLiaa, andand LeighLeigh TesfatsionTesfatsionbb  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

managed via Locational Marginal Pricing (LMP) determined by ISO via bid/offer-based OPF. In April 2003 Companies (GenCos) & Load-Serving Entities (LSEs) located at various transmission buses Grid Congestion LMP Average LI (Lerner Index) With learning Fig.5 Average LMP and LI Levels as Demand-Bid Price

Tesfatsion, Leigh

270

Short run effects of a price on carbon dioxide emissions from U.S. electric generators  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The price of delivered electricity will rise if generators have to pay for carbon dioxide emissions through an implicit or explicit mechanism. There are two main effects that a substantial price on CO{sub 2} emissions would have in the short run (before the generation fleet changes significantly). First, consumers would react to increased price by buying less, described by their price elasticity of demand. Second, a price on CO{sub 2} emissions would change the order in which existing generators are economically dispatched, depending on their carbon dioxide emissions and marginal fuel prices. Both the price increase and dispatch changes depend on the mix of generation technologies and fuels in the region available for dispatch, although the consumer response to higher prices is the dominant effect. We estimate that the instantaneous imposition of a price of $35 per metric ton on CO{sub 2} emissions would lead to a 10% reduction in CO{sub 2} emissions in PJM and MISO at a price elasticity of -0.1. Reductions in ERCOT would be about one-third as large. Thus, a price on CO{sub 2} emissions that has been shown in earlier work to stimulate investment in new generation technology also provides significant CO{sub 2} reductions before new technology is deployed at large scale. 39 refs., 4 figs., 2 tabs.

Adam Newcomer; Seth A. Blumsack; Jay Apt; Lester B. Lave; M. Granger Morgan [Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA (United States). Carnegie Mellon Electricity Industry Center

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

RTO Briefing  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

OAK-B135 Transmission Updates The summary of this report is: (1) Small generators are not happy with FERC's Small Generator Interconnection NOPR, saying the proposed rule ignores much of the consensus developed between small generators and transmission owners during the ANOPR process. California wind generators seek clarification that repowering an existing facility or changing contract terms would not trigger a reevaluation of the interconnection. (2) The choices of former Alliance companies about which RTO to join, MISO or PJM, and whether they can obtain approval from states to do so, has created such a tangle that FERC held two days of hearings at the end of September on the issues and options for resolving them. But in addition to some constructive input, the hearings produced even more uncertainty, with transmission companies announcing their need to reassess their own RTO commitments depending on the decisions of others. (3) In the West, the Seams Steering Group--Western Interconnection (SSG-WI) completed a west-wide transmission study with a renewable energy scenario, the California ISO received FERC's approval on its market redesign proposal, and RTO West worked toward finalizing high-level consensus documents describing Day 1 implementation of the proposed RTO. (4) In Texas, ERCOT began $157 million in upgrades to the transmission system around McCamey--increasing capacity in and out of the area enough to handle existing wind projects there.

Steve Wiese

2003-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

On the Optimality of Beamforming for Multi-User MISO Interference Channels with Single-User Detection  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

For a multi-user interference channel with multi-antenna transmitters and single-antenna receivers, by restricting each receiver to a single-user detector, computing the largest achievable rate region amounts to solving a family of non-convex optimization problems. Recognizing the intrinsic connection between the signal power at the intended receiver and the interference power at the unintended receiver, the original family of non-convex optimization problems is converted into a new family of convex optimization problems. It is shown that, for such interference channels with each receiver implementing single-user detection, transmitter beamforming can achieve all boundary points of the achievable rate region.

Shang, Xiaohu; Poor, H Vincent

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Multi-User MISO Interference Channels with Single-User Detection: Optimality of Beamforming and the Achievable Rate Region  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

For a multi-user interference channel with multi-antenna transmitters and single-antenna receivers, by restricting each transmitter to Gaussian input and each receiver to a single-user detector, computing the largest achievable rate region amounts to solving a family of non-convex optimization problems. Recognizing the intrinsic connection between the signal power at the intended receiver and the interference power at the unintended receiver, the original family of non-convex optimization problems is converted into a new family of convex optimization problems. It is shown that, for such interference channels with each receiver implementing single-user detection, transmitter beamforming can achieve all boundary points of the achievable rate region.

Shang, Xiaohu; Poor, H Vincent

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

The generation fleet in MISO is being affected by time, fuel prices and multiple phases of environmental regulations  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion |Energy Usage »of EnergyThe EnergyDepartment of Energy The U.S.

275

doi:10.1006/jsco.2000.0374 Available online at http://www.idealibrary.com on  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

j=1 b j+miso , b j+miso . diso i diso i = i j=1(b j , b j ) for i miso. ei element of standard matrix. miso the number of zero rows with which A starts presently. µij bi = b i + i-1 j=1 µi,jb j . n

Kallen, Wilberd

276

K-NET busK-NET busK-NET busK-NET bus The K-Net bus is based on the SPI bus but it allows to addressing many different turrets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(standard SPI signal) Clock - MOSI (standard SPI signal) Master Out Slave In - MISO (standard SPI signal_COM MOSI MISO CLK PAI MASTER /F7 /CS_COM MOSI MISO CLK PAI SLAVE #0 /F7 /CS_COM MOSI MISO CLK PAI SLAVE #1 /F7 /CS_COM MOSI MISO CLK PAI SLAVE #2 All slave turrets are in IDLE state and are waiting

Napp, Nils

277

Re: Potomac River Generating Station Department of Energy Case...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Order No. 202-05-03: Potomac Electric Power Company ("Pepco"), on behalf of itself and PJM Interconnection, L.L.C. ("PJM"), is providing you with information regarding the...

278

Real Time Pricing as a Default or Optional Service for C&I Customers: A Comparative Analysis of Eight Case Studies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Load Response Program – Real Time Option is a unique examplePJM Economic LRP – Real Time Option, PJM Emergency LRPPJM Economic LRP – Real Time Option PowerShare – QuoteOption

Barbose, Galen; Goldman, Charles; Bharvirkar, Ranjit; Hopper, Nicole; Ting, Michael; Neenan, Bernie

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

DMAC 48 SHORTENED MINUTES 1 out of 8 pages  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Meeting Room. Present: AOT (Chair), MRC, CRMG, PDN, KAQOR, JMS. In attendance: PJM (Secretary). 1 this review. Action: PJM [Secretary's Note following DMAC 47: Action completed.] DMAC 48: AOT confirmed

Paxton, Anthony T.

280

Drawing Graphs in Euler Diagrams Paul Mutton1, Peter Rodgers1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Laboratory, University of Kent, Canterbury, Kent, CT2 7NF, UK {pjm2, P.J.Rodgers}@kent.ac.uk http://www.cs.kent.ac.uk/people/rpg/pjm

Kent, University of

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "miso mro pjm" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Analysis of Edge Schema Contained in jdbc:microsoft:sqlserver://db-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.doc.ic.ac.uk;databaseName=dblp XMLtoEdgeSchema program, Peter Mc.Brien pjm@doc.ic.ac.uk http://www.doc.ic.ac.uk/ pjm May 16, 2003 1 #12

McBrien, Peter

282

De ning Peer-to-Peer Data Integration using Both as View Rules  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Poulovassilis 2 1 Dept. of Computing, Imperial College London, pjm@doc.ic.ac.uk 2 School of Computer Science

McBrien, Peter

283

Defining Peer-to-Peer Data Integration using Both as View Rules  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Poulovassilis2 1 Dept. of Computing, Imperial College London, pjm@doc.ic.ac.uk 2 School of Computer Science

McBrien, Peter

284

The AutoMed Schema Integration Repository Michael Boyd, Peter M c . Brien and Nerissa Tong  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The AutoMed Schema Integration Repository Michael Boyd, Peter M c . Brien and Nerissa Tong {mboyd,pjm

McBrien, Peter

285

Generating and Optimising Views from Both as View Data Integration Rules  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Imperial College, {nnyt98,pjm}@doc.ic.ac.uk Abstract. This paper describes the generation and logical

McBrien, Peter

286

Comparing and Transforming Between Data Models via an Intermediate Hypergraph Data Model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Imperial College, London SW7 2AZ, pjm@doc.ic.ac.uk Abstract. Data integration is frequently performed

McBrien, Peter

287

Inter Model Data Integration in a P2P Environment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Brien Department of Computing, Imperial College London 180 Queens Gate, London SW7 2AZ {dmle,acs203,pjm

McBrien, Peter

288

A Semantic Approach to Integrating XML and Structured Data Sources  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Alexandra Poulovassilis 2 1 Dept. of Computing, Imperial College, 180 Queen's Gate, London SW7 2BZ, pjm

McBrien, Peter

289

Multi-settlement Systems for Electricity Markets: Zonal Aggregation under Network Uncertainty and Market Power1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

such as the United Kingdom, Scandinavia, California, and PJM, have led to several reassessment and reforms of various

290

center for carbon-free power integration  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

into PJM grid via AGD's HVDC offshore transmission line (2011-2014); · Improving the Mapping and Prediction

Firestone, Jeremy

291

[MRO] Search for resonant diboson production in the WW/WZ???jj decay channels with the ATLAS detector at ?s=7??TeV  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A search for resonant diboson production using a data sample corresponding to 4.7??fb[superscript -1] of integrated luminosity collected by the ATLAS experiment at the Large Hadron Collider in pp collisions at ?s=7??TeV ...

Taylor, Frank E.

292

Energy Efficiency and Commercial-Mortgage Valuation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Verde Jun/08 Dec/08 Into Entergy Mid?Col PJM West Sep/08South Path 15 Aug/10 Apr/12 Jul/12 Into Entergy Mid?Col PJM West May/10 Into Entergy Mid?Col PJM West Figure 4: Cross-

Jaffee, Dwight; Stanton, Richard; Wallace, Nancy

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

This is the final preprint version of a paper which appeared at Pacific J. Math., 236 (2008) 223-261. The published version is accessibl*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

., 236 (2008) 223-261. The published version is accessibl* *e to subscribers at http://pjm.math.berkeley.edu/pjm/2008/236-2/pjm-v236-n2-p02-* *s.pdf . Mapping radii of metric spaces

Bergman, George Mark

294

Mitigating Market Power in Deregulated Electricity Markets Seth Blumsack1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in California, PJM, and New York finds that all three of these markets are far less competitive than their HHIs, and Perekhodtsev (2002) and Blumsack and Lave (2004). California, PJM, and New York are shown to have market will work best in different systems. 2. Structure of the California, PJM, and New York Electricity Markets

Blumsack, Seth

295

For more information, please contact Prof. David Dietz at ddietzz@stevens.edu or 201-216-5450  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, 1:30 pm PJM INTERCONNECTION: SUSTAINABLE SOLUTIONS TO DELIVERING ELECTRICAL POWER TO OUR REGION on the efficient and reliable supply of electrical power by PJM Interconnection, a regulated public interest company. PJM manages our power grid which is the oldest grid in our nation and started in New Jersey

Fisher, Frank

296

16/sept/2001 1 Alternativas al Pago por Capacidad  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Alternativa 2: PJM en Chile Carlos Altimiras - Francisco Moyano 16/sept/2001 2 Justificación Conceptual del La realización de una simulación #12;6 16/sept/2001 11 Alternativa 2: PJM en Chile n Modelo capacidad, reconciliación. n PJM Open Access Transmission Tariff n Costos de despacho, control (reactivo

Rudnick, Hugh

297

Physics Department Welcome Week 24 -28 September 2012 Note: Provisional Programme Times and Rooms may change  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

3rd years ­ Course registration MFLEC T231 PJM, JTN Programme Director 15:45 3rd years ­ Feedback session 2nd years ­ Course registration MFLEC T231 PJM, JTN Programme Director Second Year Tutors 17125 PJM,JTN AJC, TS New PhD and MSc Postgraduate Induction Monday 24 September 18

Sheldon, Nathan D.

298

October 27, 2008 1 Abstract--The use of Mixed Integer Programming (MIP) within  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of MIP within the electric industry is growing. Recently, PJM switched from a Lagrangian Relaxation (LR look- ahead [5]. These changes are estimated to save PJM over 150 million dollars per year [4], [5]. Published in 2005, [9] discusses the tradeoffs between LR and MIP for PJM and a recent presentation, [10

Oren, Shmuel S.

299

Utilities Policy 11 (2003) 7586 www.socscinet.com/bam/jup  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

­NewJersey­Maryland (PJM) are doing fine. This paper assesses the mark of efficiency reached by the electricity markets in California, New York, and PJM. It also compares the degree of efficiency across markets (forward vs. real time) and across time. No significant differences between the California and PJM electricity markets

Marathe, Achla

300

A Cournot-Nash Equilibrium Analysis of the New Jersey Electricity Market  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

market, rather than the broader PJM market. Limitations on transmission capacity, both outside of and within the PJM control area, imply that New Jersey may at times constitute a market that is geographically distinct from the rest of the PJM pool. One of the purposes of this study is to assess both

California at Berkeley. University of

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "miso mro pjm" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Energy Efficiency and Commercial-Mortgage Valuation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

R 2 N = 1,390 Palo Verde Hub PJM Western South Path 15 NorthHub North Path 15 Palo Verde PJM Western South Path 15 ? e ?Dec/08 Into Entergy Mid?Col PJM West Sep/08 Jan/10 May/10

Jaffee, Dwight; Stanton, Richard; Wallace, Nancy

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Regulatory Policy and Markets for Energy Storage in North America  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The last 5 years have been one of the most exciting times for the energy storage industry. We have seen significant advancements in the regulatory process to make accommodations for valuing and monetizing energy storage for what it provides to the grid. The most impactful regulatory decision for the energy storage industry has come from California, where the California Public Utilities Commission issued a decision that mandates procurement requirements of 1.325 GW for energy storage to 3 investor-own utilities in 4 stages: in 2014, 2016, 2018, and 2020. Furthermore, at the Federal level, FERC’s Order 755, requires the transmission operators to develop pay for performance tariffs for ancillary services. This has had direct impact on the market design of US competitive wholesale markets and the monetization of fast responding grid assets. While this order is technology neutral, it clearly plays into the fast-responding capability of energy storage technologies. Today PJM, CAISO, MISO, NYISO, and NE-ISO have implemented Order 755 and offer new tariff for regulation services based on pay-for-performance principles. Furthermore, FERC Order 784, issued in July 2013 requires transmission providers to consider speed and accuracy in determining the requirements for ancillary services. In November 2013, FERC issued Order 972, which revises the small generator interconnection agreement which declares energy storage as a power source. This order puts energy storage on par with existing generators. This paper will discuss the implementation of FERC’s Pay for Performance Regulation order at all ISOs in the U.S. under FERC regulatory authority (this excludes ERCOT). Also discussed will be the market impacts and overall impacts on the NERC regulation performance indexes. The paper will end with a discussion on the California and Ontario, Canada procurement mandates and the opportunity that it may present to the energy storage industry.

Kintner-Meyer, Michael CW

2014-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

303

Evolution of the Midwest ISO  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-Transmission Owning Members Marketers · Allegheny Energy Supply · American Electric Power Co. · Automated Power Transmission System Operator, Inc. MAPP Fall Conference August 28, 2002 #12;Overview · General Background Information · MISO Today · MISO Evolution #12;General Background Information #12;General Utility Background

Tesfatsion, Leigh

304

Energy Efficient Computing with the Low Power, Energy Aware Processing (LEAP) Architecture  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

V17BUS -V17BUS SPI_CS_N SPI_MISO SEL_CLK SEL_LATCH CLKTIM-CS_N SPI_MOSI SPI_ CLK SPI_MISO RJ1 MHOLE4 RN9 SEL_LATCH 1RJ45_95622 MOLEX SPI_MISO 100K 5% CHIP_RES_ARRAY_EXB38V

McIntire, Dustin Hale

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Inferior-Colliculus Responses to Amplitude-Modulated and Unmodulated Acoustic Tones and Cochlear-Implant Pulse Trains  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SCK_SEL); cbi(DDRB, PIN_MISO); //set MOSI as output //set CSselect to one //set MISO as input cbi(DDRD, PIN_INT1); //setCS 3 PIN_SCK 2 PIN_MOSI 0 PIN_MISO 1 PIN_SCK_SEL 4 sbi(port,

Schoenecker, Matthew Charles

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Synchronization at low SNR in MIMO communications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for 1×1 SISO, 1×2 SIMO, 2×1 MISO and 2×2 MIMO pilot-based× 1 SIMO, 1 × 2 SIMO, 2 × 1 MISO and 2 × 2 MIMO systems. Wecode. The SIMO and MISO performances are identical, since

Amde, Manish

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Reactive and voltage monitoring: The challenge for the system operators in the 1980's  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In order to gain perspective on the monitoring program for PJM, background relative to the physical characteristics and operating philosophy of the pool is offered. PJM is comprised of 11 electric utilities serving approximately 48,700 square miles, encompassing about 75% of Penna, 97% of N.J., all of Del and the District of Columbia, 60% of Md, and 1% of Va. The generating capability is comprised of 532 units at 116 generating stations, and totals approximately 45,000 MW. The PJM system peak load for 1980 was 34,420 MW. PJM has 27 tie lines with its neighboring systems. Although comprised of 11 utilities, the PJM system is operated as if it were a single company. Reasons for the PJM real-time monitoring system are presented and relevant details are discussed. Topics considered include operating criteria. Reactive and Voltage Monitoring, Current Operating Restrictions off-line analysis, and future requirements are discussed.

Willson, J.D.

1981-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Misonidazole neurotoxicity in mice decreased by administration with pyridoxine  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A series of toxicological and pharmacological experiments was performed to test the hypothesis that alterations of pyridoxine (Vitamin B/sub 6/) metabolism may play an important role in the development of misonidazole (MISO) neurotoxicity. The formation of a Schiff's base between the final reduction product of MISO, 2-amino MISO (NH/sub 2/-MISO), and pyridoxal-HCl in ethanol was demonstrated. Mice receiving daily intraperitoneal injections of MISO suffered significantly less toxicity (as determined by survival, weight gain and neurological tests) when large doses of pyridoxine-HCl (PYR) were delivered concomitantly, and consequently were able to tolerate administration of more than twice as many MISO injections. PYR did not alter the pharmacokinetics of MISO, either when given simultaneously or when given by multiple repeated daily injections prior to MISO. The administration of PYR also did not alter the radiosensitization by MISO in an in vivo-in vitro cloning assay with the EMT6 tumor in BALB/c mice. If depletion or altered metabolism of pyridoxine by reduced metabolites is also responsible for the neurotoxic effects of nitroimidazoles in humans, then concomitant administration of pyridoxine (in doses greater than the molar quantity of NH/sub 2/-MISO formed) should inhibit the development of such symptoms and allow administration of larger doses of MISO than are currently clinically employable.

Eifel, P.J.; Brown, D.M.; Lee, W.W.; Brown, J.M.

1983-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Adams, JM (Dr) TUTORIAL (YEAR 2) -UG  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(YEA JMA 48 AZ 04 TUTX-PH00-GM1 Sem1: 01-06,08-14 SGT-Grp A1 TUTORIAL (YEAR 3) - UG SP, AL, JLK, PJM BB 03 Sem1: 09,11,13 UCAS JSA, JA, DB, WNC, AD, OH, JLK, PJM, BNM, PHR, RPS, PDS, JAT, PMW, AL, SP LTL EXAMPHY1022mm Sem1: 07, 15 Test TUTORIAL (YEAR 3) SP, AL, JLK, PJM, BNM, JM Room to be advised

Stevenson, Paul

310

Why Reliability Options Are the Answer in New England  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In its market's current failed state, PJM sees evidence that electricity markets do not work. But that's the wrong conclusion. Price signals do work and generators predictably respond to price signals whether they are good price signals or bad price signals. Bad price signals caused New England's and PJM's problems. Here is why good price signals based on the RO approach and competitive markets will now solve New England's problems - and why PJM's RPM is not the answer. (author)

Bidwell, Miles

2006-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

311

FtsEX is required for CwlO peptidoglycan hydrolase activity during cell wall elongation in Bacillus subtilis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Rudner SUPPLEMENTAL MATERIAL SUPPLEMENTAL EXPERIMENTAL PROCEDURES Plasmid construction pJM026 [ycg primers oJM93 and oJM99 from PY79 genomic DNA) and pER065 [ycgO::Pspank (erm)]. pJM030 [sacRI-HindIII Pveg PCR product (amplified with oligonucleotide primers oJM73 and oJM74 and PY79 genomic DNA). pJM031

Rudner, David

312

Loads Providing Ancillary Services: Review of International Experience  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

reactive power), about two percent of PJM’s total market turnover and costing $1.17 per MWH of electricity

Heffner, Grayson

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

E-Print Network 3.0 - adenosine receptor ligands Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

ligand recognition in the human a(2a) adenosine receptor. J Biol Chem 1995... , Vangalen PJM, Jacobson KA. Molecular ... Source: Abagyan, Ruben - School of Pharmacy and...

314

Re: Potomac River Generating Station Department of Energy, Case...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

on January 31 Order, Pepco will provide advance notification of the outages to Mirant, PJM, the Department of Energy ("Department"), the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission, the...

315

Mirant: Summary of Monitored SO2 Concentrations During Periods...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Impact More Documents & Publications Answer of Potomac Electric Power Company and PJM lnterconnection, L.L.C. to the October 6, 2005 motion filed by the Virginia Department...

316

E-Print Network 3.0 - alternativa para pequenas Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

al Pago por Capacidad n Introduccin n Alternativa 1: Call Option n... Alternativa 2: PJM en Chile Carlos Altimiras - Francisco Moyano 16sept2001 2 Justificacin Conceptual...

317

E-Print Network 3.0 - areva back-end possibilities Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

presents a description of a Mixed Integer Programming (MIP) solution for solving the PJM Unit Summary: --Electricity market, Power Generation Dispatch, Mixed Integer...

318

E-Print Network 3.0 - alternativa para reduzir Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

al Pago por Capacidad n Introduccin n Alternativa 1: Call Option n... Alternativa 2: PJM en Chile Carlos Altimiras - Francisco Moyano 16sept2001 2 Justificacin Conceptual...

319

E-Print Network 3.0 - alternativa para tela Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

al Pago por Capacidad n Introduccin n Alternativa 1: Call Option n... Alternativa 2: PJM en Chile Carlos Altimiras - Francisco Moyano 16sept2001 2 Justificacin Conceptual...

320

Energy Policy ] (  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to the locational marginal prices of several pricing points in the New England, New York, and PJM electricityEnergy Policy ] (

Cañizares, Claudio A.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "miso mro pjm" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Data Integration by Bi-Directional Schema Transformation Rules  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Poulovassilis Dept. of Computing, Imperial College, London SW7 2BZ pjm@doc.ic.ac.uk School of Computer Science

McBrien, Peter

322

Schema Integration based on Uncertain Semantic Mappings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

College London 180 Queen's Gate, South Kensington Campus, London SW7 2AZ, UK {nr600,pjm}@doc.ic.ac.uk 3

McBrien, Peter

323

AutoMed: A BAV Data Integration System for Heterogeneous Data Sources  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Kittivoravitkul, Charalambos Lazanitis, Peter M c . Brien and Nikos Rizopoulos email: {mboyd,sk297,cl201,pjm,nr600

McBrien, Peter

324

A General Approach to the Generation of Conceptual Model Transformations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Peter Mc.Brien Dept. Computing, Imperial College London, London SW7 2AZ email: nr600@doc.ic.ac.uk, pjm

McBrien, Peter

325

AutoMed: A BAV Data Integration System for Heterogeneous Data Sources  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Kittivoravitkul, Charalambos Lazanitis, Peter Mc.Brien and Nikos Rizopoulos email: {mboyd,sk297,cl201,pjm,nr600

McBrien, Peter

326

Integrating Unnormalised Semi-Structured Data Sources  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.Brien Department of Computing, Imperial College London, London SW7 2AZ sk297@doc.ic.ac.uk, pjm@doc.ic.ac.uk http

McBrien, Peter

327

iXPeer: Implementing layers of abstraction in P2P Schema Mapping using AutoMed  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

College London London SW7 2AZ UK pjm@doc.ic.ac.uk Nikos Rizopoulos Dept. Computing Imperial College London

McBrien, Peter

328

Schema Evolution in Heterogeneous Database Architectures,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, London SW7 2BZ, pjm@doc.ic.ac.uk 2 Dept. of Computer Science, Birkbeck College, University of London

McBrien, Peter

329

A comparative study of body size and clutch size across the parasitoid Hymenoptera  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, PO Box 373, York, UK YO10 5YW (pjm19@york.ac.uk). The explanation of life history variation across

Mayhew, Peter

330

Importing the US 1990 Census Data into a Relational DBMS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. of Computing, Imperial College, 180 Queen's Gate, London SW7 2BZ pjm@doc.ic.ac.uk Tuesday 9 th April 2002 1

McBrien, Peter

331

P2P query reformulation over BothasView data transformation rules  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Alexandra Poulovassilis 2 1 Dept. of Computing, Imperial College, Univ. of London, pjm@doc.ic.ac.uk 2 School

McBrien, Peter

332

Project Award Spreadsheets 2010 12 21 1232.xlsx  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Interconnection Organization Recovery Act Funding PJM Interconnection, LLC 16,000,000 The National Association of Regulatory Utility Commissioners (NARUC) 14,000,000 Western...

333

Microsoft Word - Document1  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

This planned transmission outage is contingent on the availability of Mirant generation. PJM will be responsible for ensuring that sufficient on line generation resources are...

334

Uncertainty in Semantic Schema Integration Nikos Rizopoulos1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, and Danilo Montesi3 1 Department of Computing, Imperial College London {nr600,pjm}@doc.ic.ac.uk 2 Department

McBrien, Peter

335

Does development mode organize life-history traits in the parasitoid Hymenoptera?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

; Fax: +44 (0)1904 432860; e- mail: pjm19@york.ac.uk Journal of Animal Ecology 1999, 68, 906±916 # 1999

Mayhew, Peter

336

Electromagnetic Induction by Sq Ionospheric Currents in a Heterogeneous Earth: Modeling  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

p=1 p+M m=p-M m+J-1 j=m G (e) jm,p r a j + G (i) jm,p a r j+1 Pjm(cos ) ei m ei p t , for a r a + h, (1) U2(r, , ; t) = 2 a R p,j,m -G (e) jm,p j j + 1 a + h a 2j+1 + G (i) jm,p a r j+1 Pjm, and longitude, a = 6371.2 km is the Earth's radius, Pjm are the associated Legendre polynomials, and p = 2

Velímsky, Jakub

337

Application for Presidential Permit OE Docket No. PP-230-4 Internation...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

PJM Letter12-08-2011.pdf More Documents & Publications Application for Presidential Permit OE Docket No. PP-230-4 International Transmission Company: Comments of BGE on...

338

Application for presidential permit OE Docket No. PP-230-4 Internation...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

intervene from PJM Interconnection in the matter of the application for a presidential permit authorizing International Transmission Company to construct, operate, and maintain...

339

Application for Presidential Permit OE Docket No. PP-230-4 Internation...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

30-4SupplementalFiling.pdf More Documents & Publications Application for presidential permit OE Docket No. PP-230-4 International Transmission Company: Response of PJM...

340

Application for presidential permit OE Docket No. PP-230-4 Internation...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

INC. Docket No. PP-230-4 More Documents & Publications Application for presidential permit OE Docket No. PP-230-4 International Transmission Company: Response of PJM...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "miso mro pjm" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Application for presidential permit OE Docket No. PP-230-4 Internation...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

transmission facilities at the U.S-Canada border. Application for presidential permit OE Docket No. PP-230-4 International Transmission Company: Response of PJM...

342

Joint Maintenance Status Report of Potomac Electric Power Company...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

pursuant to the December 20. 2006, Department of Energy ("DOE") Order No. 202-05-3. Joint Maintenance Status Report of Potomac Electric Power Company amd PJM Interconnection,...

343

OPSI Annual Meeting  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Organization of PJM States, Inc. (OPSI) is hosting its annual meeting in Chicago, IL, on October 13-14, 2014.

344

Support for Steffes Corporation, Application for Exception, OHA...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

of storing off-peak energy. Letter of Support for Steffes Exception - Boston - PJM DOEWaterHeaterNOPRFinalComments DOE Boston Letter to Kathleen Hogan More Documents &...

345

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

on the interfaces between western, central and eastern PJM and at various transformer sites in Pennsylvania. The most significant congestion occurred in the following...

346

Receptor binding characteristics of tritiated misoprostol free acid in enriched canine parietal cells  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Misoprostol (MISO) is a synthetic prostaglandin (PG) E/sub 1/ methyl ester with gastric antisecretory and mucosal protective properties. MISO is rapidly de-esterified to misoprostol free acid (MISO-FA) in enriched (65-80%) canine parietal cell preparations. Both forms appear to possess equivalent antisecretory potency and (/sup 3/H) MISO-FA is stable in these preparations. (/sup 3/H) MISO-FA binding was reversible and saturable with a maximal number of binding sites estimated at 8138 +/- 1893 per cell. The scatchard plot was linear, indicating a single, high affinity receptor population with a dissociation constant of 11 +/- 2.6 x 10/sup -9/ M. Unlabeled MISO-FA and MISO were equally potent inhibitors (IC/sub 50/, approx. 10/sup -8/M) of (/sup 3/H) MISO-FA binding. At 10/sup -5/ M, the dinor and tetranor ..beta..-oxidation metabolites of MISO were weak binding inhibitors. Strict stereospecific binding was shown by MISO stereoisomers, and the 11R, 16S isomer was most active. Both PGE/sub 1/ and 16,16 dimethyl PGE/sub 2/ were potent binding inhibitors, but PGF/sub 1/..cap alpha.. (10/sup -6/ M) and Hoe 892 (10/sup -5/ M), a stable PGI/sub 2/ analog, were weak inhibitors. Neither histamine or cimetidine competed for binding sites. These data indicate the presence of stereospecific E-type prostaglandin receptors in enriched canine parietal cell preparations.

Tsai, B.S.; Kessler, L.K.; Conway, R.G.; Schoenhard, G.; Stolzenbach, J.; Collins, P.; Kramer, S.; Butchko, G.M.; Bauer, R.F.

1986-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

High dose misonidazole with dexamethasone rescue: a possible approach to circumvent neurotoxicity  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

With a view of modifying misonidazole (MISO) neurotoxicity, we initiated a randomized clinical study to assess a possible drug interaction and toxicity protection when dexamethasone (DXM) is administered concomitantly with MISO. The ongoing study consists of: 1. Pharamacokinetic evaluation; 2. Assessment of toxicity. Fourteen patients undergoing radiation therapy for different types of malignant neoplasia (excluding brain tumors) have been randomized to receive either MISO alone, or DXM one week prior and during treatment with MISO. Five of seven patients receiving MISO alone developed peripheral neuropathies while only one out of 7 patients that received MISO with DXM coverage developed a transient and mild neuropathy. Pharmacokinetic evaluation of MISO in plasma and urine of those patients receiving DXM has shown no evidence of drug interaction. It is postulated that the mechanism of action of DXM is at the nerve cell membrane level, restoring and stabilizing cell surface properties. In future studies we will investigate the use of DXM with increasing doses of MISO above the recommended maximum dose of 12 gm/m/sup 2/, hoping to achieve a higher tumor tissue level of MISO while avoiding unacceptable toxicity. The effect of Allopurinol on the plasma kinetics of MISO was studied in four additional patients, observing also no evidence of drug interaction.

Urtasun, R.C.; Tanasichuk, H.; Fulton, D.; Agboola, O.; Turner, A.R.; Koziol, D.; Raleigh, J.

1982-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

A generalization of a unit index of Greither Radan Kucera 1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

; m the conductor of k; m 0 = Q pjm p the maximal square­free divisor of m. For a prime p dividing m â?? \\Gamma1 p e p ) = Y pjm0 (s(D p ) + 1 \\Gamma â?? \\Gamma1 p e p ) 2 U: If Ã? is a multiplicative character

Kuèera, Radan

349

Dtermination des formes modulaires par les valeurs de  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(resp. d'ordre 3) de . Ã? titre d'exemple, on a #23; 2 0 (m) #1; = 8 pjm #2; 1 + 1 p #1;#3; sinon et #23; 3 0 (m) #1; = 8 pjm #2; 1 + 3 p #1;#3; sinon. [Miy89, theorem 4.2.7] Ce

Royer, Emmanuel

350

FORKING AND MULTIPLICITY IN FIRST ORDER THEORIES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

sequence hb i j i 2 Xi in p over A. 7 #12; COHEIRS Let M j= T and M ` A, p 2 S(A) is a coheir of pjM of pjM . 1. p does not divide over M . 2. If E = he i : i 2 Ii contained in MB is a coherent sequence

Baldwin, John T.

351

FORUM is intended for new ideas or new ways of interpreting existing information. It provides a chance for suggesting hypotheses and for challenging current thinking on  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Kaiserstraat 63, PO Box 9516, NL-2300 RA Leiden, The Netherlands (present address of PJM: Dept of Biology, Uni7. of York, PO Box 373, York, UK Y010 5YW [pjm19@york.ac.uk]; present address of OG: Museum of Zoology

Mayhew, Peter

352

Canonical Representations sp (2n, R)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

leaves p(m) invariant. Let {pJm)} be a basis for the set p(and the completeness of the set {pJm)}, we get the followingp~m)(z) = N(m) L: d(m)(J2)~ pJm)(z) a = 1,2, . .. ,N(m). (J=

Rangarajan, G.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

CARACTRISATION DES FORMES MODULAIRES PAR DES VALEURS DE FONCTIONS L  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

d'ordre 2 (resp. d'ordre 3) de . Ã? titre d'exemple, on a #23; 2 0 (m) #1; = 8 pjm #2; 1 + 1 p #1;#3; sinon et #23; 3 0 (m) #1; = 8 pjm #2; 1 + 3 p #1;#3; sinon. [Miy

Royer, Emmanuel

354

Design of Distributed Applications based on the OSI Model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Science, King's College London Strand, London WC2R 2LS mailto:pjm@dcs.kcl.ac.uk http://www.dcs.kcl.ac.uk/sta#11;/pjm Abstract. This paper demonstrates how the fundamental concepts of a layered design found

McBrien, Peter

355

Metabolism and excretion of (/sup 3/H)misonidazole by hypoxic rate liver  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This investigation was initiated to determine if misonidazole's biological activity is related to hypoxia-dependent, reductive biotransformation to form reactive metabolites. This study was facilitated by the synthesis of (/sup 3/H)misonidazole and by use of the isolated perfused rat liver as a model system for hypoxic tissue. Reductive metabolism of MISO by perfused livers was enhanced by hypoxic conditions. Formation of a MISO-derived glutathione conjugate (MISO-GSH) and covalent binding of MISO-derived radioactivity to tissue protein was also enhanced by hypoxia. Depletion of hepatic GSH with diethyl maleate increased the extent of covalent binding to protein under both aerobic and hypoxic conditions, and greatly diminished the formation of MISO-GSH. These results support the hypothesis that hypoxic conditions facilitate reductive metabolism of MISO to an alkylating agent, and that GSH plays an intervening role in the alkylation reaction.

Smith, B.R.; Born, J.L.

1984-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Stable reduction product of misonidazole  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The predominant stable product (greater than 80%) of the anaerobic radiation chemical reduction (pH 7, formate, N/sub 2/O) of misonidazole (MISO) has been identified as the cyclic guanidinium ion MISO-DDI, a 4,5-dihydro-4,5-dihydroxyimidazolium ion. This cation was prepared as its sulfate salt by the reaction of glyoxal and the appropriate N-substituted guanidinium sulfate. Its formation during MISO reduction was established by NMR spectral comparison and by derivatization as glyoxal bis-oxime, which was formed in 86% yield in fully reduced systems. The toxicity of pure MISO-DDI X sulfate was examined in vivo (C/sub 3/H mice) and in vitro (CHO cells). This product is less toxic than the parent MISO and free glyoxal. A reactive, short-lived, intermediate is suggested as the agent responsible for the toxicity of MISO under hypoxic conditions.

Panicucci, R.; McClelland, R.A.; Rauth, A.M.

1986-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Azomycin riboside: a new radiosensitizer  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Azomycin riboside (2-nitro-1-..beta..-D-ribofuranosylimidazole) (AR), a nucleoside analogue with the base component replaced by a 2-nitroimidazole was studied to determine its potential as a radiosensitizer. In vitro evidence showed that AR is as good as or slightly better than misonidazole (MISO) as a hypoxic cell radiosensitizer. AR was also found to kill hypoxic cells directly and this cytotoxicity was at least as great as MISO cytotoxicity. However, when tumor regrowth delay was used to assess in vivo radiosensitization, AR was found to be inferior to MISO while the LD50 host toxicity assay indicated that AR might be nearly as toxic as MISO. Unless AR proves to be less toxic than MISO or can be selectively distributed with nucleoside transport inhibitors, these preliminary observations have not shown any advantage of AR over MISO as a potential clinically useful radiosensitizer.

Pedersen, J.E.; Barron, G.; Chapman, J.D.

1982-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

E-Print Network 3.0 - advanced power sources Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

with Feedback Control MISO control laws SISO control law Summary: : To mitigate wind power intermittency using rechargeable battery as reserve power source Simulation Results......

359

Coordination of Retail Demand Response with Midwest ISO Markets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Robinson, Michael, 2008, "Demand Response in Midwest ISOPresentation at MISO Demand Response Working Group Meeting,Coordination of Retail Demand Response with Midwest ISO

Bharvirkar, Ranjit

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

An Edge-based Formulation for the Combined-Cycle Units  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Aug 31, 2014 ... guan@ise.ufl.edu. Yonghong Chen (Principal Advisor) is with the Midcontinent Independent. System Operator, Inc. (MISO), Carmel, IN, USA.

2014-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "miso mro pjm" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Application for Presidential Permit OE Docket No. PP-230-4 Internation...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

MISO and IESO 10-13-11.pdf More Documents & Publications Application for Presidential permit OE Docket No. PP-230-4 International Transmission Company: Comments and Supplemental...

362

Inhibition of X-ray-induced potentially lethal damage (PLD) repair in aerobic plateau-phase Chinese hamster cells by misonidazole  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The effect of the 2-nitroimidazole radiosensitizer misonidazole (MISO) and the hydrophilic analog SR-2508 on the repair of X-ray-induced potentially lethal damage (PLD) was studied in plateau-phase Chinese Hamster ovary (HA-1) cells. It was found that although MISO does not radiosensitize aerobic cells, it inhibits the repair of PLD. However, under hypoxic conditions, MISO has no effect on PLD repair. The major portion of the inhibition of PLD repair in aerobic cells requires the presence of MISO only during irradiation; little or no additional inhibition occurs when MISO is present during the postirradiation repair period. Also, treatment of aerobic cells with 5 mM MISO for either 5 or 30 min prior to irradiation is equally inhibitory. This suggests that the presence of MISO in some way modifies the initial lesion under aerobic conditions since it does not increase cell killing as determined by immediate plating but inhibits subsequent repair. The inhibition is concentration dependent; 0.5 mM MISO inhibits PLD repair by one-half while 5-10 mM totally inhibits the repair measured 6 hr postirradiation. This phenomenon suggests that radiosensitization of tissue in vivo by MISO and other 2-nitroimidazoles may not be unequivocal proof of the presence of hypoxic cells.

Brown, D.M.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

NAESB Business Practice Subcommittee (BPS) ATC Project  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

By Phone * 10114 NAESB BPS ATC Project Kick Off * 107 - 10814 NAESB BPS - MISO (Carmel, IN) * 112515 - NAESB BPS Conference Call * 12215 - NAESB BPS Conference...

364

NAESB BPS ATC Project  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

By Phone * 10114 NAESB BPS ATC Project Kick Off * 107 - 10814 NAESB BPS - MISO (Carmel, IN) * 112515 - NAESB BPS Conference Call * 12215 - NAESB BPS Conference...

365

China’s Military Representatives: Striving Toward Professional Contracting and Procurement  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Toward Professional Contracting and Procurement Susan M.Summary C hina’s military contracting and procurement systemMRO) system that oversees contracting and procurement under

Puska, Susan M; McReynolds, Joe; Geary, Debra

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Life-Cycle Water Impacts of U.S. Transportation Fuels  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Sustainability: U.S. Electricity Consumption for Watervaries widely. Electricity consumption in the MRO and HICCNERC region, so all electricity consumption is assigned the

Scown, Corinne Donahue

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Effect of nitroimidazoles on the oxygen consumption rate and respiratory control ratio of beef heart mitochondria  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The neurotoxic effect of the nitroimidazole radiosensitizers misonidazole (MISO) and desmethylmisonidazole (DMM) has seriously compromised their clinical effectiveness. The authors compare here the effect of MISO and DMM on oxygen consumption in purified beef heart mitochondria. MISO has been found to significantly increase the oxygen consumption rate and decrease the respiratory control ratio in isolated mitochondria when incubated in the presence of the NAD+ dependent substrate, ..beta..-hydroxybutyrate. DMM has a similar but less pronounced effect than MISO on these respiratory parameters. When mitochondria were incubated in the presence of these radiosensitizers for 8, 15, 30, 45, and 60 minutes, the oxygen consumption rate was decreased when succinate, a FAD dependent substrate, was added following the incubation. This decrease, which is both time and dosage dependent, is equivalent for MISO and DMM.

Chao, C.F.; Ting, L.; Subjeck, J.R.; Johnson, R.J.

1984-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Cover Letter for Motion to Intervene and Comments of the District...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Station and Proposed Mirant Compliance Plan Answer of Potomac Electric Power Company and PJM lnterconnection, L.L.C. to the October 6, 2005 motion filed by the Virginia Department...

369

Notification to the Commonwealth of Virginia of Mirant's Plan...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

River Plant More Documents & Publications Answer of Potomac Electric Power Company and PJM lnterconnection, L.L.C. to the October 6, 2005 motion filed by the Virginia Department...

370

Letter Clarifying the Position of the Director of the Virginia...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Environmental Impacts of Requested Relief Answer of Potomac Electric Power Company and PJM lnterconnection, L.L.C. to the October 6, 2005 motion filed by the Virginia Department...

371

Response of the Potomac Electric Power Company to the Operating...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

of Mirant Potomac River, L.L.C. More Documents & Publications Preliminary Response of PJM Interconnection, L.L.C. to the Operating Plan of Mirant Potomac River, LLC Comments on...

372

Letter Responding to Requests for Information Made by Department...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Generating Station in Alexandria, Virginia Answer of Potomac Electric Power Company and PJM lnterconnection, L.L.C. to the October 6, 2005 motion filed by the Virginia Department...

373

Motion of Robert G. Burnley, Director the Commonwealth of Virginia...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

of Columbia Public Service Commission Answer of Potomac Electric Power Company and PJM lnterconnection, L.L.C. to the October 6, 2005 motion filed by the Virginia Department...

374

Loads Providing Ancillary Services: Review of International Experience  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In PJM for example, loads and generators that can follow theto generators and loads, who can follow operator’s second bya reflection of the load’s inability to follow minute-by-

Heffner, Grayson

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

Exploration of Resource and Transmission Expansion Decisions in the Western Renewable Energy Zone Initiative  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

augmented with a capacity market payment that is separate92/kW-yr. Recent forward capacity market auctions in ISO-Newzone within PJM. Forward capacity markets, however, are only

Mills, Andrew

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

Transmission Policy in the United States  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Market Design (SMD) proposal. PJM’s market rules and transmission pricing, planning and investment policies are reviewed as an articulation of FERC’s RTO and SMD visions....

Joskow, Paul

2006-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

377

What China Can Learn from International Experiences in Developing a Demand Response Program  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

services provided to the energy markets, Order 745 advancedand may be paid the spot market energy price. (e.g. PJM SRM,capacity, energy, and ancillary services markets, several

Shen, Bo

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

Persons Who Received the DC PSC's Emergency Petition and Complaint...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

24, 2005 More Documents & Publications Answer of Potomac Electric Power Company and PJM lnterconnection, L.L.C. to the October 6, 2005 motion filed by the Virginia Department...

379

P(R) P(W|R) P(S|R, W) (1) LR (PGLR) [8  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(W|R) W P(S|R, W) S P(W|R) 1 P(W|R) = li P(wi|li) � ni P(ni|Ni) j D(ni|Ni[pj : vj]) � (pj1···pjm) P(pj1 · · · pjm|Pj1 · · · Pjm[vj]) (2) 1(2) (2) 1 wi( ) li wi R (2) 2 ni D(ni|Ni[pj : vj]) ni vj pj ni ni D(ni|N[pj : vj]) = P(ni|N[pj : vj]) P(ni|N) (3) ni vj pj ( ) 1 ( ) 1 D 1 [4, 6] ni (2) 3 pi vj m pj1, · · · , pjm

Shirai, Kiyoaki

380

A General Approach to the Generation of Conceptual Model Transformations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.ic.ac.uk, pjm@doc.ic.ac.uk http://www.doc.ic.ac.uk/automed Abstract. From Proc. CAiSE05 LNCS 3520, Pages 326

McBrien, Peter

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "miso mro pjm" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Finding of No Significant Impact, Federal Register, 73 FR 2017...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Generating Station in Alexandria, Virginia Answer of Potomac Electric Power Company and PJM lnterconnection, L.L.C. to the October 6, 2005 motion filed by the Virginia Department...

382

FINAL REPORT - HYBRID-MIXING TESTS SUPPORTING THE CONCENTRATE RECEIPT VESSEL (CRV-VSL-00002A/2B) CONFIGURATION  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) has performed scaled physical modeling of Pulse Jet Mixing Systems applicable to the Concentrate Receipt Vessel (CRV) of Hanford's Waste Treatment Plant (WTP) as part of the overall effort to validate pulse jet mixer (PJM) mixing in WTP vessels containing non-Newtonian fluids. The strategy developed by the Pulse Jet Mixing Task Team was to construct a quarter-scale model of the CRV, use a clear simulant to understand PJM mixing behavior, and down-select from a number of PJM configurations to a ''best design'' configuration. This ''best design'' would undergo final validation testing using a particulate simulant that has rheological properties closely similar to WTP waste streams. The scaled PJM mixing tests were to provide information on the operating parameters critical for the uniform movement (total mobilization) of these non-Newtonian slurries. Overall, 107 tests were performed during Phase I and Phase II testing.

GUERRERO, HECTORN.

2004-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

The Benefits of Restructuring: It's Not Your Grandfather's Electric Utility Anymore  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The key to achieving and maintaining most of the benefits from the emerging competitive market for electricity supply is to have a workably competitive wholesale generation market. By any objective measure, the PJM regional transmission organization is fulfilling its mission.

Switzer, Sheldon; Straub, Mary M.

2006-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

NETL F 451.1-1/1 Categorical Exclusion (CX) Designation Form  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

DE-FOA-0000068 PJM OE DE-FOA-0000068 EDTD 2010 Alicia R. Dalton-Tingler Award date until 29Jan12 955 Jefferson Ave. Morristown, PA 19403 Eastern Interconnection Planning...

385

Carnegie Mellon University Economics of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Thakur (Customized Energy Solutions) for help with data collection, Haresh Kamat (EPRI) for helping me Gomatom (EPRI), Susan Covino (PJM), Bhala Mehandale, Rick Gilkey and Erik Paulson (Customized Energy

386

2012 Wind Technologies Market Report  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PJM POU PPA PSCo PTC REC RGGI RPS RTO SPP SPS USITC W WAPAGreenhouse Gas Initiative (RGGI) cap-and-trade policy, forpricing seen to date under RGGI has been too low to drive

Wiser, Ryan

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Preferred orientation of ettringite in concrete fractures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Z. (1988). Cement and Concrete Research , 18 , 823-829.R. (2006). Cement and Concrete Research 36 , 364-370.P.K. & Monteiro, P.J.M. (2006). Concrete. Microstructure,

Wenk, Hans-Rudolf

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Megawatts vs. Negawatts: how a little can do a lot  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In some quarters there is increased emphasis on overall reduction of energy usage from customers. One indication of the growing significance of negawatts is apparent at PJM Interconnection, where customers are encouraged to bid negative load into the wholesale market in direct competition with megawatts. This negative load, while not large in absolute terms relative to the 164 GW size of the PJM market, is nevertheless critical in introducing an element of price elasticity into what would otherwise be a virtually inelastic demand.

NONE

2008-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

389

Regional measurements of /sup 14/Cmisonidazole distribution and blood flow in subcutaneous RT-9 experimental tumors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Regional (/sup 14/C)misonidazole-derived radioactivity (MISO*) was measured by quantitative autoradiography in s.c. RT-9 experimental tumors 0.5, 2, and 4 h after an i.v. bolus (25 mg) and constant infusion (10 mg/h) in rats. Misonidazole (MISO) concentration in plasma, tumor, and other tissues was also measured by high-pressure liquid chromatography. The distribution of MISO* in the tumors always resulted in a characteristic pattern with high peripheral and low central values. The high-activity regions in the tumor rim achieved tissue: plasma MISO* activity ratios of 0.97 and 2.2 by 0.5 and 4 h, respectively; for central tumor regions, this ratio was 0.20 and 0.32 for the same periods, respectively. The limited distribution of MISO* to central tumor regions could be correlated to low values of blood flow (measured with (/sup 131/I)iodoantipyrine) and to diffusion from peripheral tumor regions. Low blood flow in the central regions of these tumors will significantly limit the distribution of MISO and other drugs to viable-appearing cells in these areas and could account in part for the failures of chemotherapy in certain solid tumors. Pharmacokinetic modeling indicates that 1 to 9 h may be necessary for MISO concentrations in some tumor regions to reach 50% of that in plasma.

Blasberg, R.; Horowitz, M.; Strong, J.; Molnar, P.; Patlak, C.; Owens, E.; Fenstermacher, J.

1985-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Response of an experimental mammary carcinoma to fractionated x-irradiation with misonidazole and microwave hyperthermia  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

X/Gf mice bearing the MT2 mammary adenocarcinoma were subjected to 4000 rad of x rays given either as a single dose, or five daily fractions of 800 rad. Additional experimental groups were treated with either short term localized microwave hyperthermia (LMH), or the hypoxic cell radiosensitizer misonidazole (MISO), or both hyperthermia plus MISO with x rays. The combined use of MISO plus 42.5/sup 0/C with x rays was superior to the other treatment regimens as assessed by tumor regrowth delay and mean survival time. However, for the five fraction schedule, the addition of MISO plus hyperthermia was not as effective as observed for the single dose treatment. This may be attributed to reoxygenation of the hypoxic tumor cells between treatment fractions. MISO retention in tumor tissue under ambient and hyperthermic conditions was studied. The application of heat locally to the tumors caused a significant increase in MISO tumor concentration. However, after four x ray fractions the influence on MISO concentration by hyperthermia in the tumors could not be demonstrated.

Goldfeder, A.; Brown, D.M.

1984-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

Tissue distribution of sup 14 C- and sup 3 H-labelled misonidazole in the tumor-bearing mouse  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The retention of labelled misonidazole (MISO) was measured in a range of normal tissues in the mouse 24 hr after the intravenous injection of ({sup 14}C)MISO (ring labelled) and ({sup 3}H)-MISO (side-arm labelled). For ({sup 14}C)MISO the 24 hr tissue retention, in order of the highest to the lowest levels (excluding pathways of excretion), was esophageal epithelium, liver, foot pad, eyelid, lung, subcutaneous lung tumor (A110), esophageal wall, uterus, eye ball, blood, salivary gland, spleen, voluntary muscle, pancreas, inguinal fat. It was assumed that the {sup 14}C represented MISO metabolite(s) bound to macromolecules. An approximately similar pattern was observed for ({sup 3}H)MISO, but a higher percentage of the injected activity per gram of tissue was retained, probably due to the presence of tritiated water in the tissues. It has generally been assumed that significant levels of MISO binding are restricted to hypoxic tissues, for example tumors, but the present results show that significant levels of binding can also occur in apparently normoxic tissues. The explanation is put forward that this binding may be due to local high levels of nitroreductase capacity.

Cobb, L.M.; Nolan, J.; Butler, S. (MRC Radiobiology Unit, Didcot, Oxon (England))

1990-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Effect of prolonged high dose misonidazole on tumor response to radiation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

WHFIB and SA F tumors were exposed to misonidazole (MISO) concentrations of 2.5 mM or more for up to 4 hours (SA F) or 6 hours (WHFIB). There was no increase in the MISO enhancement ratio (SER) in the SA F for a 4 hour exposure to MISO relative to that following a single injection. In the WHFIB tumor, the ER increased from 2.2 for a single MISO injection to 2.5 for a 4 hour contact with MISO for tumor growth delay, and from 2.1 to 2.3 for a cloning assay. Prolonged contact with MISO was toxic and reduced the body temperature by 4 to 5/sup 0/C. For WHFIB cells in vitro, when the contact time (in hypoxia) with 2.5 mM MISO was increased from 0.5 to 2.5 hours, the ER increased from 2.1 to 2.9 at 37/sup 0/C and from 1.9 to 2.5 at 33/sup 0/C.

McNally, N.J.; de Ronde, J.; Hinchliffe, M.

1984-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

Energy Factors, Leasing Structure and the Market Price of Office Buildings in the U.S.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MISO, ERCOT South, Into Entergy, Into Southern and Into TVA.Path 15 Into Cinergy Into Entergy Into Southern Into TVA MidPath 15 Into Cinergy Into Entergy Into Southern Into TVA Mid

Jaffee, Dwight; Stanton, Richard; Wallace, Nancy

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

Midwest Independent System Operator (Multiple States)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Midwest Independent Transmission System Operator (MISO) is a Regional Transmission Organization, which administers wholesale electricity markets in all or parts of 11 U.S. states and the Canadian...

395

SMALL PLATES TODAY'S SOUP 5  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

baba ganoush EGG SALAD 9 Nature's Farm Smart Eggs · lettuce · Bothwell cheddar · celery · onions #12 back ribs house miso chili glaze fresh slaw rice CHICKEN 19 chicken breast mashed potatoes

Martin, Jeff

396

Application for Presidential permit OE Docket No. PP-230-4 Internation...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Owners dated 12-12-11) More Documents & Publications Application for Presidential Permit OE Docket No. PP-230-4 International Transmission Co: Answer to NYISO from MISO and...

397

Comparative distribution of misonidazole and its amine metabolite in female Swiss Webster mice  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The distribution of misonidazole and its terminal reduction product 1-(2-amino-1-imidazolyl)-3-methoxy-2-propanol (misoamine) were compared in female Swiss Webster mice to determine if either misonidazole or misoamine is distributed to peripheral nerves. Female Swiss Webster mice received a 100 mg/kg (5 ..mu..Ci/..mu..mole) i.p. dose of either /sup 3/H-misonidazole or /sup 3/H-miso-amine and the distribution of radioactivity was determined in various tissues including sciatic nerves and other myelinated nerves. Misonidazole produced higher initial tissue concentrations of radioactivity than did miso-amine. The relative tissue concentrations of radioactivity produced by misonidazole or miso-amine were similar, although not identical, 48 hours after administration of the drugs. Both sciatic and other myelinated nerves were found to retain radioactivity following the administration of either misonidazole or miso-amine.

Born, J.L.; Hadley, W.M.

1985-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Effect of vitamin B/sub 6/ on the neurotoxicity and pharmacology of desmethylmisonidazole and misonidazole: clinical and laboratory studies  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The clinical usefulness of misonidazole (MISO) and desmethylmisonidazole (DMM) is severely limited by neurotoxicity. Based on theoretical considerations and on laboratory data suggesting that pyridoxine (PN) decreased MISO toxicity in mice. The authors attempted to ameliorate the clinical neuropathy of DMM using oral PN. Pharmacokinetic analysis suggested interaction of PN and DMM but no protection against neuropathy was observed. Serial experiments with C3H and BALB/c mice were done using various forms of vitamin B/sub 6/ (PN, pyridoxal, pyridoxal phosphate) administered orally and i.p. No consistent protection was observed. Dexamethasone did not alter MISO toxicity in mice, contrary to the clinical findings. They conclude that vitamin B/sub 6/ is not useful in preventing clinical neurotoxicity of MISO or DMM.

Coleman, C.N.; Hirst, V.K.; Brown, D.M.; Halsey, J.

1984-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

Midwest Transmission Workshop II Summary  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

OAK-B135 After introductions of all participants, Abby Arnold, RESOLVE, reviewed the purpose of the meeting and the agenda. The purpose of the workshop was to share the results of the Midwest Independent System Operator (MISO) scenario development for wind and other fuel sources and the corresponding implications for transmission throughout the MISO control area. The workshop agenda is included in Attachment A.

Kevin Bryan

2002-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

400

Synthesis of [F-18] fluoroetanidazole for hypoxia imaging evaluation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recently there has been an increased interest in new imaging markers for hypoxia. Among them misonidazole (MISO) derivatives based on the 2-nitro-imidazole ring have received considerable attention. Previous studies have shown that MISO was metabolically trapped in living hypoxic cells. Its fluorinated derivative, FMISO, when labeled with F-18 and used for PET represented a promising means of detection of hypoxia in tumors and in ischemic heart and brain.

Lim, J.L.; Berridge, M.S. [Case Western Reserve Univ., Cleveland, OH (United States)]|[Univ. Hospitals of Cleveland, OH (United States)

1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "miso mro pjm" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Depletion of glutathione in vivo as a method of improving the therapeutic ratio of misonidazole and SR 2508. [BSO; DEM  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Depletion of intracellular glutathione (GSH) can enhance misonidazole (MISO) radiosensitizing efficacy both in vivo and in vitro. However, such treatments may also enhance the systemic toxicity in animals. The purpose of the present study was to test various ways of depleting GSH levels in a variety of experimental mouse tumors, to measure the improvement in the efficacy of MISO and its less toxic analog SR 2508 by this depletion, and to determine the effect of daily GSH depletion on the toxicity MISO and SR 2508. GSH levels were measured daily for 5 days in tumors, livers and brains of mice injected daily with buthionine sulfoximine (BSO), with or without diethylmaleate (DEM). Daily doses of BSO depleted tumor levels of GSH to 20 to 40% of controls by 6 hr after each injection. Injection of DEM 6 hr after BSO further enhanced the depletion. Administration of MISO or SR 2508 at the time of maximum GSH depletion enhanced the MISO efficacy by factors of 2.6 to 8 for depletion to 8% of controls by BSO + DEM, but no enhancement of SR 2508 was seen with tumors at 20% GSH levels achieved with BSO alone in the preliminary experiment. The chronic toxicity of MISO was enhanced not at all or by a factor of up to 2 for BSO and BSO + DEM respectively.

Yu, N.Y.; Brown, J.M.

1984-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

Life-Cycle Water Impacts of U.S. Transportation Fuels  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Drinking Water: Methyl Tertiary Butyl Ether (MTBE).http://www.epa.gov/mtbe/water.htm (11/30/10), Chiu, Y. W. ;LCFS LCI LP LPG MED MRO MSF MTBE MWD MWDOC NAICS NERC NETL

Scown, Corinne Donahue

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

SAS Output  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

B. U.S. Transformer Sustained Automatic Outage Counts and Hours by Cause Code and by NERC Region, 2012 Transformer Outage Counts Sustained Outage Causes FRCC MRO NPCC RFC SERC SPP...

404

Increasing transmission loadability by the application of shunt capacitors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The companies located in the eastern portion of the Pennsylvania-New Jersey-Maryland Interconnection (PJM) have installed oil-fired generation to meet strict environmental requirements. In an attempt to reduce the use of oil, PJM has been purchasing energy from systems to the west of PJM where the primary fuel is coal. These west-to-east energy transfers have increased the loading on the 500kV transmission system. The heavy loadings have resulted in voltage limitations on the 500kV system that limit flows to well below the thermal capability. Results of an analysis of this problem and recommendations for removing the voltage limitations are presented. It is primarily recommended to use shunt capacitors to supply the transmission system reactive losses.

Palmer, R.

1981-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Computing GIC in large power systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

On March 13, 1989, a severe geomagnetic disturbance affected power and communications systems in the North American continent. Since the geomagnetic disturbance, several other disturbances have occurred. The Pennsylvania, New Jersey, and Maryland (PJM) Interconnection system, its member companies, and some of the neighboring utilities experienced the geomagnetic induced current (GIC) effects on March 13, 1989, as well as during the subsequent geomagnetic disturbances. As a result, considerable effort is being focused on measurement, analysis, and mitigation of GIC in the PJM system. Some of the analytical and computational work completed so far is summarized in this article.

Prabhakara, F.S. (Power Technologies, Inc., Schenectady, NY (United States)); Ponder, J.Z.; Towle, J.N.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Partial hypoxia as a cause of radioresistance in a human tumor xenograft: its influence illustrated by the sensitizing effect of misonidazole and hyperbaric oxygen  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

While previous studies with three human tumor xenografts suggest that contact-resistance plays a major role in the response of these tumors to radiation, it remains possible that partial hypoxia may provide an alternate explanation. The present study was carried out to check this possibility by investigating the influence of misonidazole (MISO) and hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) on both the initial and distal components of the survival curves of HRT18 tumor cells. The effect of a challenge dose of radiation on the initial radioresistance of this tumor was also studied. To assess the effects of MISO and HBO, tumor cell survival was determined by excision assay in two groups of tumor-bearing mice, one given MISO (1 mg/g body weight, i.p.) 45 min before irradiation and the other exposed to HBO (3.5 bars). MISO treatment caused greater sensitization than HBO. The enhancement ratios at the 5.10(-1) level were 1.7 (MISO) and 1.7 (HBO); at the 10(-1) level, they were 1.6 (MISO) and 1.4 (HBO); while at 10(-2), they were 1.6 (MISO) and 1.4 (HBO). These two sensitizing effects favor the hypothesis that solid tumors contain a compartment of partially hypoxic cells. To study the effect of a challenge radiation dose on initial radioresistance, tumors were given a challenge dose of 8 Gy, followed 24-48 hr later by doses ranging from 2-12 Gy. The challenge dose did not modify the shape of the survival curve.

Reynaud-Bougnoux, A.; Lespinasse, F.; Malaise, E.P.; Guichard, M.

1986-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

The potential impacts of a competitive wholesale market in the midwest: A preliminary examination of centralized dispatch  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In March 2005, the Midwest Independent System Operator (MISO) will begin operating the first-ever wholesale market for electricity in the central and upper Midwestern portion of the United States. Region-wide, centralized, security-constrained, bid-based dispatch will replace the current system of decentralized dispatch by individual utilities and control areas. This report focuses on how the operation of generators may change under centralized dispatch. We analyze a stylized example of these changes by comparing a base case dispatch based on a ''snapshot'' taken from MISO's state estimator for an actual, historical dispatch (4 p.m., July 7, 2003) to a hypothetical, centralized dispatch that seeks to minimize the total system cost of production, using estimated cost data collected by the EIA. Based on these changes in dispatch, we calculate locational marginal prices, which in turn reveals the location of congestion within MISO's footprint, as well as the distribution of congestion revenues. We also consider two sensitivity scenarios that examine (1) the effect of changes in MISO membership (2003 vs. 2004 membership lists), and (2) different load and electrical data, based on a snapshot from a different date and time (1 p.m., Feb. 18, 2004). Although our analysis offers important insights into how the MISO market could operate when it opens, we do not address the question of the total benefits or costs of creating a wholesale market in the Midwest.

Lesieutre, Bernard C.; Bartholomew, Emily; Eto, Joseph H.; Hale, Douglas; Luong, Thanh

2004-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Hypoxic cell radiosensitizers: expectations and progress in drug development  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

When misonidazole (MISO) was introduced into clinical trials there were great expectations that the cure rate of many tumors would be dramatically increased. The lack of efficacy of MISO discouraged further studies with hypoxic cell sensitizers. In recent years superior sensitizers SR 2508 and RO-03-8799 have been introduced into the clinic. SR 2508 is less neurotoxic than MISO, allowing more than three times the total amount of drug to be administered. Furthermore, based on the analysis of a patient's plasma pharmacokinetic profile, neurotoxicity may be largely avoidable. RO-03-8799 is superior in that it produces a higher sensitizer enhancement ratio than MISO for the same administered dose. Unlike with MISO and SR 2508, the dose of RO-03-8799 that can be administered is limited by acute toxicity with no cumulative toxicity having yet been encountered. Study design has improved and the expected clinical benefit from sensitizers has been clarified. Sensitizers, like particle radiation therapy and hyperthemia will, if successful, effect the rate of local tumor control, but cannot improve the cure rate of patients with preexisting metastatic disease. Taking into account the need to optimize reoxygenation, the various reasons for tumor radioresistance other than hypoxia, and the lower oxygen and sensitizer enhancement ratios at 200 cGy per fraction, it is likely that sensitizers will provide some clinical benefit for patients with selected tumor types.

Coleman, C.N.

1985-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

Characteristics of fluorinated nitroazoles as hypoxic cell radiosensitizers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Types of 2-nitroimidazoles and 3-nitro-1,2,4-triazoles bearing one or two fluorine atoms on their side chains were synthesized to evaluate their physicochemical properties, radiosensitizing effects, and toxicity. The reduction potential of the compounds containing one fluorine was similar to that of misonidazole (MISO), whereas that of the difluorinated compounds was slightly higher. Both mono- and difluorinated compounds had an in vitro sensitizing activity comparable to or slightly higher than that of MISO. The fluorinated 3-nitrotriazoles were almost as efficient as the 2-nitroimidazoles with the same substituent. In vivo, some of the compounds were up to twice more efficient than MISO, whereas others were as efficient as MISO. Toxicity in terms of LD50/7 in mice was quite variable depending on the side-chain structure; the amide derivatives were less toxic than MISO, whereas the alcohol and ether derivatives were more toxic. In view of the radiosensitizing effect and toxicity in vivo, at least one compound, KU-2285 (a 2-nitroimidazole with an N1-substituent of: CH2CF2CONHCH2CH2OH) has been found to be as useful a hypoxic cell sensitizer as SR-2508.

Shibamoto, Y.; Nishimoto, S.; Shimokawa, K.; Hisanaga, Y.; Zhou, L.; Wang, J.; Sasai, K.; Takahashi, M.; Abe, M.; Kagiya, T.

1989-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

Pharmacokinetics and toxicology of continuously infused nitroimidazoles  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The pharmacokinetics and toxicology of misonidazole (MISO) and SR-2508 given by continuous intraperitoneal infusion were studied in female C/sub 3/H mice. The survival (time to death) of animals receiving continuous infusions of SR-2508 and MISO was compared and related to plasma concentration, rate of infusion and total amount of drug delivered. Brain and plasma concentrations were determined by HPLC. For SR-2508, plasma concentration was directly proportional to the infusion rate. However, as the infusion rate of MISO was doubled, the plasma concentration of MISO increased approximately 6-fold, reflecting a substantial increase in the apparent half-life. The brain/plasma concentration ratio in animals infused for up to 6 days with SR-2508 remained constant, at approximately 0.09. At plasma concentrations of 0.08-1.5 mM, animals receiving SR-2508 survived approximately 3 times as long as animals exposed to a comparable plasma concentration of MISO. Even at the lowest infusion rates employed in this study, the survival of mice receiving SR-2508 was much shorter than would have been predicted if the toxicity of these two drugs were solely related to the integral brain exposure. The low brain/plasma concentration ratio of SR-2508 was maintained throughout long continuous exposures.

Eifel, P.J.; Brown, J.M.

1984-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

Initial pharmacology and toxicology of intravenous desmethylmisonidazole  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Since January 1981, 52 patients have entered the Radiaton Therapy Oncology Group Phase I trial with intravenous (i.v.) desmethylmisonidazole (DMM). DMM is less lipophilic than misonidazole (MISO) and theoretically will be less neurotoxic due to lower penetration into neural tissue and more rapid elimination. The drug is administered intravenously to achieve the maximum drug concentration in tumor for a given dose. The protocol slowly escalates the total dose of drug administered. At this time the planned dose on the three week schedule is 1 g/m/sup 2/ twice weekly to a total dose of 17.5g/m/sup 2/. The preliminary plasma pharmacokinetic data demonstrates high peak plasma levels within five minutes of the end of the drug infusion. Compared to MISO the percent of DMM excreted in the urine is increased, 63% vs 10%, and the elimination half-life is decreased: DMM, i.v. 5.3h; MISO, i.v. 9.3h; MISO, oral 10 to 13h. Neurotoxicity has been observed in approximately 30% of patients given a cumulative dose of >11g/m/sup 2/. This is in comparison to a 50% incidence in RTOG Phase 1 study with oral MISO at doses of 12g/m/sup 2/. There is not sufficient data to evaluate the relationship between neurotoxicity and drug exposure. Further patient accrual on this study is required to better define the properties of DMN.

Coleman, C.N. (Stanford Univ., CA); Wasserman, T.H.; Phillips, T.L.; Strong, J.M.; Urtasun, R.C.; Schwade, J.G.; Johnson, R.J.; Zagars, G.

1982-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

Effects of glutathione depletion by buthionine sulfoximine on radiosensitization by oxygen and misonidazole in vitro  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Buthionine sulfoximine (BSO) has been used to deplete glutathione (GSH) in V79-379A cells in vitro, and the effect on the efficiency of oxygen and misonidazole (MISO) as radiosensitizers has been determined. Treatment with 50 or 500 ..mu..M BSO caused a rapid decline in GSH content to less than 5% of control values after 10 hr of exposure. Removal of BSO resulted in a rapid regeneration of GSH after 50 ..mu..M BSO, but little regeneration was observed over the subsequent 10-hr period after 500 ..mu..M. Cells irradiated in monolayer on glass had an oxygen enhancement ratio (OER) of 3.1. After 10-14 hr pretreatment with 50 ..mu..M BSO, washed cells were radiosensitized by GSH depletion at all oxygen tensions tested. The OER was reduced to 2.6, due to greater radiosensitization of hypoxic cells than aerated ones by GSH depletion. In similar experiments performed with MISO, an enhancement ratio of 2.0 could be achieved with 0.2 mM MISO in anoxic BSO-pretreated cells, compared to 2.7 mM MISO in non-BSO-treated cells. These apparent increases in radiosensitizer efficiency in GSH-depleted cells could be explained on the basis of radiosensitization of hypoxic cells by GSH depletion alone. These results are consistent with hypoxic cell radiosensitization by GSH depletion and by MISO or oxygen acting by separate mechanisms.

Shrieve, D.C.; Denekamp, J.; Minchinton, A.I.

1985-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

In vivo radiosensitizing effect of nitroimidazole derivative KIN-804  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In vivo characteristics of 2-nitroimidazole-1-methylacetohydroxamate (KIN-804), which is a newly developed hypoxic cell radiosensitizer, are presented. The toxicity, pharmacokinetics, and radiosensitizing effect of KIN-804 were studied by in vivo experiments using C3H/He mice bearing the SCCVII tumor. Results were compared with misonidazole (MISO). LD[sub 50]7 of KIN-804 and MISO were 3200 mg/kg and 2000 mg/kg, respectively. The peak concentration of KIN-804 in the tumor occurred 20 min after intraperitoneal injection and reached about 62% of the maximum concentration in the blood. The concentrations in brain and sciatic nerve were very low and clearance from sciatic nerve was rapid. Enhancement ratios of KIN-804 calculated using the growth delay method were 1.22, 1.50, and 1.71 at doses of 50, 100, and 200 mg/kg, respectively, compared with 1.36 for MISO at a dose of 100 mg/kg. In the TCD[sub 50] assay, enhancement ratios at a dose of 200 mg/kg were 1.69 for KIN-804 and 1.52 for MISO, respectively. KIN-804 is a promising radiosensitizer since it shows less toxicity and higher radiosensitizing activity than MISO. 10 refs., 5 figs.

Tada, Takuhito (Osaka-Prefectural Habikino Hospital, Habikino-City (Japan) Osaka City Univ. Medical School (Japan)); Nakajima, Toshifumi; Onoyama, Yasuto (Osaka City Univ. Medical School (Japan)); Murayama, Chieko; Mori, Yomoyuki (Tokai Univ. School of Medicine (Japan)); Nagasawa, Hideko (Keio Univ., Tokyo (Japan)); Hori, Hitoshi (Tokushima Univ. (Japan)); Inayama, Seiichi (Keio Univ., Tokyo (Japan) Tokushima Univ. (Japan))

1994-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

414

Misonidazole combined with hyperfractionation in the management of malignant glioma  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Multiple daily fractionated radiation therapy (MDF) may be more effective than conventionally fractionated radiation therapy (CF) in the treatment of malignant glioma. The hypoxic cell sensitizer misonidazole (MISO) could be more effective when employed with small fractions of radiation every 4 hours to take advantage of the long half-life of the drug. To evaluate MDF and MDF in combination with MISO, a randomized prospective trial was initiated. Between January 1981, and December 1982, patients with histologically verified astrocytoma with anaplastic foci or glioblastoma multiforme were randomized to CF, MDF and MDF in combination with MISO. In January 1983, the CF arm was dropped and a high dose MDF arm added. CCNU chemotherapy was given at the time of tumor progression. Median survival was 29 weeks for CF, 45 weeks for MDF and 50 weeks for MDF plus MISO. Survival was significantly improved for patients treated with MDF compared to patients treated with CF. The addition of MISO to MDF did not result in further improvement in survival. Acute toxicity was acceptable.

Fulton, D.S.; Urtasun, R.C.; Shin, K.H.; Geggie, P.H.S.; Thomas, H.; Muller, P.J.; Moody, J.; Tanasichuk, H.; Mielke, B.; Johnson, E.

1984-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

Potentiation of melphalan activity in the KHT sarcoma by the radiosensitizer RSU 1069  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The radiation sensitizer misonidazole (MISO) has been shown to potentiate the cytotoxic action of a variety of anti-cancer agents. Even larger enhancement ratios than those observed with MISO have been found with certain other nitroimidazoles. One agent reported to be particularly effective in combination with the chemotherapeutic agent melphalan is the sensitizer RSU 1069. The present studies therefore were designed to evaluate the effect of combining these two agents in the treatment of intramuscularly growing KHT sarcomas. Tumor response was assessed using an in vivo to in vitro clonogenic cell survival assay. When given at times ranging from 60 min before to 30 min after melphalan exposure, RSU 1069 was found to increase the tumoricidal activity of the chemotherapeutic agent. Complete dose response curves combining RSU 1069 and a range of melphalan doses then were determined. For comparison the effects of combining MISO or benznidazole (BENZO) with melphalan also were evaluated. When combined with melphalan, doses of RSU 1069, BENZO and MISO were found to yield dose modifying factors of 1.6, 1.5, and 1.4, respectively. These results indicate that potentiation of melphalan activity occurs at RSU 1069 doses which are approximately 10-fold lower than those of MISO, making this sensitizer as effective a potentiator of melphalan as so far tested in the KHT sarcoma.

Siemann, D.W.; Maddison, K.; Wolf, K.

1984-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

NAESB Business Practice Subcommittee (BPS) ATC Project  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Capability for each ATC Path - MOD-030-2 R4 (XXX-2.3.2), ATCID NAESB BPS Meeting at PJM B O N N E V I L L E P O W E R A D M I N I S T R A T I O N Pre-decisional. For...

417

E-Print Network 3.0 - alkali metal li Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

them together with a variety of optical data for alkali metals, and for Li... mopt PH PJM Li 1.153 1.526 Na 1.049 1.040 K 1.014 0.983 Rb 0.977 0.909 Cs 0.983 0.872 55 13...

418

BEFORE THE PUBLIC SERVICE COMMISSION OF THE STATE OF DELAWARE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and an "Additional Coal Retirements" case. 2. Impact of recent NYMEX natural gas prices on Conectiv's proposal. 3 these assumptions. With additional coal retirements assumed in the region, the impact on market prices and SOS costs-term power sale from its proposed coal-fired integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) project. 4. PJM

Firestone, Jeremy

419

Wind Aggregation Via Risky Power Markets Yue Zhao, Member, IEEE, Junjie Qin, Student Member, IEEE, Ram Rajagopal, Member, IEEE,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

generation and locational marginal price data for ten WPPs in the PJM interconnection. Index Terms competitive equilibrium (CE), characterized in closed form. The marginal contribution and diversity when the wind penetration level is high. This is because, the cost of increased reserve margin

Zhao, Yue

420

Accepted for publication in IEEE Transactions in Power Systems in February 2002. Will appear in a future issue. An Individual Welfare Maximization Algorithm  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

[3]. In PJM, spot prices are called Locational Marginal Prices or LMPs. Participants in these markets of the transmission system and inclusion of consumer bidding. The algorithm utilizes price and dispatch sensitivities. These pools take bids from market participants and use spot pricing theory to determine the market prices

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "miso mro pjm" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Restructuring here and there: Lessons for the U.S. from far south of the border  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The extensive experience gained in restructuring the electricity industries of the Southern Cone countries - Chile and Argentina - hold some important lessons for the infant restructuring in the U.S. Comparing the proposed PJM restructuring with the experience in the Southern Cone countries indicates the need for both care and caution in what is assumed to be needed here.

Lalor, P.; Garcia, H.

1996-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Assessing the efficiency of US electricity markets  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The recent California's energy crisis has raised doubts about the benefits of energy deregulation. While it is true that the California electricity market is in turmoil, other electricity markets like the Pennsylvania-New Jersey-Maryland (PJM) are doing fine. This paper assesses the mark of efficiency reached by the electricity markets in California, New York, and PJM. It also compares the degree of efficiency across markets (forward vs. real time) and across time. In terms of market efficiency no significant differences between the California and PJM electricity markets were discovered in the year of California's energy crisis (2000). This research suggests that differences in price behavior between these two markets during 2000 did not arise from differences in efficiency. According to our analysis and measure of efficiency, PJM and California electricity markets are more efficient than the New York market. Also, as these markets become more mature over time, their efficiency goes up. We also found evidence that multi-settlement scheduling system leads to higher efficiency.

Arciniegas, I. E. (Ismael E.); Barrett, C. L. (Christopher L.); Marathe, A. (Achla)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Workshop on Renewable Energy Certificate (REC) Markets and Challenges Renaissance Washington Hotel, Washington, DC  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cullen-Hitt, Constellation NewEnergy ­ Retailer Perspective Carrie Plemons, PPM Energy ­ Generator Jeff Bladen, PJM-EIS #12;12:15 Sign up for Afternoon Breakout Sessions 12:20 Lunch 1:30 Facilitated on Facilitated Discussion 4:15 Summation/Next Steps Catherine Morris, the Keystone Center John Atcheson

424

Stochastic Optimization in Energy ISO New England  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Oct Nov Dec #12;Slide 9 Energy from wind 30 days Wind from all PJM wind farms #12;Solar energy;Solar from PSE&G solar farms Solar from a single solar farm Solar energy from a single solar farm showing significant variations due to clouds. Slide 12 #12;Solar from PSE&G solar farms Solar from all

Powell, Warren B.

425

ENERGY EFFICIENT TCP Master's thesis: L. Donckers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ENERGY EFFICIENT TCP Master's thesis: L. Donckers CAES/002/01 May, 2001 University of Twente.J.M. Smit dr. ing. P.J.M. Havinga ir. L.T. Smit #12;#12;Energy Efficient TCP L. Donckers I SAMENVATTING Een presteren op meer traditionele punten: throughput en latency. #12;Energy Efficient TCP II #12;L. Donckers

Havinga, Paul J.M.

426

REVISED March 31, 2008 Advanced Workshop in Regulation and Competition  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with Restructured Wholesale Markets USO Central Evergreen Chair: Robert Curry Discussants: E. Rand Costich & Menahem of Market Power in PJM Energy Markets Andrew Kleit: Market Monitoring, ERCOT Style Gary Newell & Ransom E of the latest developments in the telecommunications and energy sectors, including: % Policy and Regulatory

Lin, Xiaodong

427

Robust Policies for the Transformer Acquisition and Allocation Problem  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Robust Policies for the Transformer Acquisition and Allocation Problem Johannes Enders Department and allocation of high-voltage transformers over time. We analyze PJM's transmission system by simulating associated with transformer failures and replacements. #12;1 Introduction The replacement of the high

Powell, Warren B.

428

RADIO CONTROL ADC0 (RSSI)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

5 5 4 4 3 3 2 2 1 1 D D C C B B A A RADIO CONTROL PCLK PDATA PALE RADIO DATA SPI_SCK SPI_MOSI SPI_MISO[0..7] PALE RF_DETECT US_OUT_EN SPI_MISO I2C_CLK I2C_DATA US_DETECT AC+ US_OUT SCK RSTN UART_RXD0/SS PB1/SCK PB2/MOSI PB3/MISO PB4/OC0 PB5/OC1A PB6/OC1B PB7/OC1C PC0/A8 PC1/A9 PC2/A10 PC3/A11 PC4/A12

429

Binding of misonidazole to V79 spheroids and fragments of Dunning rat prostatic and human colon carcinomas in vitro: diffusion of oxygen and reactive metabolites  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Differences were noted previously in the binding of /sup 14/C-Misonidazole (MISO) to V79 and EMT6 spheroids when incubated at low oxygen levels. Further data reported here indicate that the K/sub m/ for the inhibition of binding by oxygen is lower in V79 than EMT6 spheroids, so that part of the non-uniformity of binding to V79 spheroids can be explained by diffusion of small amounts of oxygen through the entire rim of viable cells. Diffusion of reactive metabolites of MISO out of the spheroid previously was considered an unlikely explanation. Further evidence to support this interpretation is presented here. Patterns of binding of /sup 3/H-MISO to Dunning and human colon carcinomas are presented which are consistent with the interpretation that most of the reactive metabolites are confined to the cell in which they are produced.

Franko, A.J.; Koch, C.J.

1984-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Clinical trials of radiosensitizers: what should we expect  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The lack of positive results from the clinical trials undertaken so far with misonidazole (MISO) are widely considered as disappointing. This is leading to a growing sentiment that hypoxic cells may not be a significant limitation to local control of human tumors. To examine whether this is a reasonable conclusion, the relevant in vitro and in vivo data have been summarized so that predictions of the extent of radiosensitization of the hypoxic cells can be made from a knowledge of the clinically achievable levels of MISO. The in vitro and in vivo data with radiosensitizers suggest that only a small effect, if any, is likely to be demonstrated in the clinical trials with MISO, even for those tumors the control of which is limited by hypoxic cells. Thus the question of whether hypoxic cells may or may not limit the local control of tumors by radiotherapy has not been addressed adequately by the presently available radiosensitizing drugs.

Brown, J.M.

1984-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

KIH-802: 2-nitroimidazole-1-acetohydroxamate as a hypoxic cell radiosensitizer  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have identified potassium 2-nitroimidazole-1-acetohydroxamate (KIH-802) as a hypoxic cell radiosensitizer potentially superior to Miso. The water-soluble acetohydroxamates of 2-nitroimidazole (KIH-802; free acid 801) and 4-nitroimidazole (KIH-852) were designed, synthesized, and evaluated by in vitro and in vivo screening against EMT6 cells. Enhancement ratios of KIH-802 and 801 were 1.92 and 1.68, respectively, compared with 1.58 for MISO all at 1 mM. These acetohydroxamates are also expected to be more effective in vitro than SR-2508 based on our previous experiments. In vivo ERs of KIH-802, 801, and 852 were 1.75, 1.50, and 1.35, respectively, compared with 1.57 for MISO all at the same dose of 200 mg/kg. The data clearly show that the addition of an acetohydroxamic acid moiety to the 2-nitroimidazole skeleton can enhance radiosensitizing ability.

Hori, H.; Murayama, C.; Mori, T.; Shibamoto, Y.; Abe, M.; Onoyama, Y.; Inayama, S.

1989-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Radical irradiation and misonidazole for T2 grade III and T3 bladder cancer: 2 year follow-up  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Patients with T2 grade III and T3 bladder cancer were treated in a Phase II trial of radical irradiation plus Misonidazole (MISO). Twenty-two patients were treated and the results compared with historical controls. The cystoscopic complete tumor response between 6 and 12 months post therapy were 73 and 43%, respectively. The patient two year survival was 81 and 51%, respectively, and the patient 2 year survival with bladder preservation was 61 and 48%, respectively - 4 patients in the MISO study having undergone salvage cystectomy. Complications that may be radiation related in the MISO study are would sepsis after salvage cystectomy in 2 patients, rectal stenosis requiriing colostomy 16 months after salvage cystecomy in 1 patient and the development of a contracted bladder in 1 patient with a history of prior extensive endoscopic therapy. No misonidazole neurotoxicity seen. These findings are being further evaluated in a prospective radomized trial.

Abratt, R.P.; Barnes, D.R.; Hammond, J.A.; Sarembok, L.A.; Tucker, R.D.; Williams, A.M.

1984-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Eighth annual Juan del Regato lecture. Chemical modifiers of radiosensitivity--theory and reality: a review  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this review the poor clinical gains from hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) and misonidazole (MISO) are discussed critically. The biggest factor reducing clinical gains is almost certainly reoxygenation. Other possible reasons include vasoconstrictive self-limitation of HBO and neurotoxicity of MISO, so that the radiosensitization of any hypoxic cells in human tumors was not adequate. Nevertheless, there have been some positive clinical results, so that hypoxic cells can sometimes be a problem in some tumors, especially those of the head and neck, even after multiple fraction radiotherapy. While hypoxic cell radioresistance is obviously only one form of radioresistance it is a large factor of resistance when hypoxic cells are present. Current developments are briefly reviewed: the new clinical sensitizers Ro-03-8799 and SR-2508 which should be 3 to 10 times more efficient than MISO if viable hypoxic cells are present; and methods of measuring which human tumors might have significant numbers of hypoxic viable cells. 77 references.

Fowler, J.F.

1985-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

Misonidazole with dexamethasone rescue: an escalating dose toxicity study  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Neurotoxicity induced by misonidazole (MISO) and desmethylmisonidazole (DMM) has become the dose limiting factor in clinical work. In 1981, the authors reported a preliminary study suggestive that Dexamethasone (DEXA) does have a protective effect against peripheral neuropathies (PN) resulting from toxicity of misonidazole. The authors are presently investigating the use of DEXA, with escalating doses of MISO in an attempt to modify its neurotoxicity. To date, 16 patients have been registered to receive total doses of MISO given in 9 equally divided doses over 3 weeks. DEXA is given 3 days prior to the first dose and continues for the duration of therapy. All patients receive palliative radiation. No toxicity was seen at the total dose of 13.5 gm/M/sub 2/. One grade I PN occurred in the first four patients receiving 15.5 gm/M/sub 2/. Six additional patients were entered at this dose level and no further incidence of PN was observed.

Tanasichuk, H.; Urtasun, R.C.; Fulton, D.S.; Raleigh, J.

1984-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

Identification of a hypoxic population of bone marrow cells  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A technique using collagenase has been devised to release and separate, with reproducibility, hematopoietic cells (HC) from various microenvironments of mouse femurs. HC were assayed by an in vitro gel culture technique used traditionally to score granulocyte-macrophage precursor cells (CFU-C). CFU-C which resided in the medullary cavity and endosteal regions were sensitive to ionizing radiation and resistant to misonidazole (MISO) cytotoxicity. CFU-C which resided within the compact bone were resistant to ionizing radiation and sensitive to the cytotoxic action of MISO. These results suggest that HC which reside in the bone are hypoxic and retain clonogenic potential. When animals were exposed to various treatments with MISO followed by myelotoxic doses of cyclophosphamide (CTX) or total body irradiation (TBI), the LD/sub 50/ of both agents was significantly reduced. This result suggests that a hypoxic component of HC could be important in the regenerative process within the marrow after such myelotoxic trauma.

Allalunis, M.J.; Chapman, J.D.; Turner, A.R.

1983-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Combination of /sup 60/Co. gamma. -radiation, misonidazole, and maltose tetrapalmitate in the treatment of Dunning prostatic tumor in the rat  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Maltose tetrapalmitate (MTP), a synthetic nontoxic immunoadjuvant, the radiosensitizer misonidazole (MISO), and /sup 60/Co ..gamma..-radiation, alone or in combination, were used in the management of Dunning prostatic tumor in the rat. Nine groups of 10 rats each were used to assess the efficacy of various therapeutic modalities. Tumor growth rates and animal survival times were determined for each group. Radiation was more effective when combined with MTP, but the adjuvant must be present when radiation is given for synergism to occur. MISO was as effective as MTP when used with radiation, but combining them cancels out their individual effects. In a clinical situation it would be advantageous to use separately the synergisms existing between MISO and radiation on the one hand and MTP and radiation on the other hand.

Pageau, R.; Nigam, V.N.; Fisher, G.J.; Brailovsky, C.A.; Fathi, M.A.; Corcos, J.; Tahan, T.W.; Elhilali, M.M.

1985-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

Non-linear system identification in flow-induced vibration  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The paper introduces a method of identification of non-linear systems encountered in marine engineering applications. The non-linearity is accounted for by a combination of linear subsystems and known zero-memory non-linear transformations; an equivalent linear multi-input-single-output (MISO) system is developed for the identification problem. The unknown transfer functions of the MISO system are identified by assembling a system of linear equations in the frequency domain. This system is solved by performing the Cholesky decomposition of a related matrix. It is shown that the proposed identification method can be interpreted as a {open_quotes}Gram-Schmidt{close_quotes} type of orthogonal decomposition of the input-output quantities of the equivalent MISO system. A numerical example involving the identification of unknown parameters of flow (ocean wave) induced forces on offshore structures elucidates the applicability of the proposed method.

Spanos, P.D.; Zeldin, B.A. [Rice Univ., Houston, TX (United States); Lu, R. [Hudson Engineering Corp., Houston, TX (United States)

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

438

In vivo potentiation of 1-(2-chloroethyl)-3-cyclohexyl-1-nitrosourea by the radiation sensitizer benznidazole  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recent studies in mouse tumor systems have indicated a potential therapeutic advantage in combining the radiosensitizer misonidazole (MISO) with cancer chemotherapy drugs. One agent the antitumor activity of which has been enhanced to a greater extent than its hematological or gastrointestinal toxicities is the nitrosourea, 1-(2-chloroethyl)-3-cyclohexyl-1-nitrosourea (CCNU). Recently, sensitizers more lipophylic than MISO have been reported to give greater tumor response enhancement when combined with CCNU. The present studies compared the potential therapeutic benefit of combining MISO (partition coefficient, 0.43) or benznidazole (BENZO) (partition coefficient, 8.5) in KHT sarcoma or RIF-1 tumor-bearing C3H mice. Both sensitizers were administered i.p. and given either 30 min before (BENZO) or simultaneously with (MISO) the chemotherapeutic agent. Survival of clonogenic tumor cells assessed 22 to 24 hr after treatment or in situ tumor growth delay were used as assays of tumor response. Normal tissue toxicity was determined using the drug dose yielding 50% animal lethality in 30 days end point. When combined with CCNU, doses of MISO (5.0 mmol/kg) or BENZO (0.3 mmol/kg) were found to yield approximately equivalent increases in both the tumor effect (enhancement ratio, approximately 1.8 to 2.0) and normal tissue toxicity (enhancement ratio approximately 1.3 to 1.4). Both sensitizers therefore led to a therapeutic benefit. However, although a approximately 10-fold lower dose of the more lipophylic sensitizer BENZO proved to be as effective as MISO at enhancing the tumoricidal effects of CCNU, this dose reduction did not result in a greater therapeutic gain for BENZO.

Siemann, D.W.; Morrissey, S.; Wolf, K.

1983-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

RADIO CONTROL CRICKET V2.0  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

5 5 4 4 3 3 2 2 1 1 D D C C B B A A PCLK PDATA PALE RADIO DATA SPI_SCK SPI_MOSI SPI_MISO CHP_SCK PCLK PDATA PALE ADC0 SPI_MISO CHP_OUT RF_DETECT AVCC AVCC VCC VCC AVCC VCC AVCC VCC VCC VCC J9 HDR 2 X AVCC AVCC AVCC AVCC RF_IN RF_OUT L1 L2 CHP_OUT R_BIAS XOSC1 XOSC2 DIO DCLK PCLK PDATA PALE RSSI C18 R13

440

Radiosensitizing activity of 1-alkyl-3-nitropyrrolo-(2,3-b)-pyridine derivative  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Radiosensitization characteristics of a newly synthesized N-(3,N'-morpholinpropyl)-2-(3-nitropyrrolo-(2,3-b)-pyridine -1-yl) ethanoic acid amide and the chemical basis of the action were studied. Partition coefficient, redox potentials for the one electron reduction of the compound were determined. This was confirmed by studies on the radiosensitization effect and cytotoxicity of the compound tested in vitro using Chinese hamster V79 cells. The results show that the sensitizing efficiency for this compound is C1.6 at a concentration of 0.5 mmol dm-3, which is similar to MISO. Its toxicity was not lower than that of MISO or metronidazole.

Jin, Y.Z.; Stratford, I.J.

1989-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "miso mro pjm" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Broad-band contemporaneous study of the Seyfert galaxy NGC 4151  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Seyfert galaxy NGC 4151 was observed on May 18, 1980 at hard X-ray/low gamma ray energies with the MISO telescope. The only excess detected was at the 3.5 sigma level in the X-ray energy range 35-105 keV. Concurrent UV, IR, optical and soft X-ray observations performed from January-May 1980 are used in conjunction with the MISO data to estimate the radiation characteristics of NGC 4151 and to define limits to models for the central powerhouse of the object, one of the most luminous in the sky. 39 references.

Bassani, I.; Butler, R.C.; Di Cocco, G.; Della Ventura, A.; Perotti, F.

1986-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

The pharmacokinetics in mice and dogs of nitroimidazole radiosensitizers and chemosensitizers more lipophilic than misonidazole  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The pharmacokinetic properties of nitroimidazole radiosensitizers and chemosensitizers more lipophilic than misonidazole (MISO) were examined. In dogs, 2 analogues showed comparable peak plasma concentrations with considerable shorter half-lives (t1/2) and reduced areas under curves (AUC). Benznidazole (R0 07-1051) had a much longer t1/2, a higher AUC, and somewhat higher peak concentrations. In mice tumor/plasma, brain/plasma, and tumor/brain ratios were generally similar to MISO, as was penetration of brain and peripheral nerve by benznidazole in dogs. Selection of lipophilic analogues with appropriate pharmacokinetic properties may facilitate accommodation of the potentially different requirements for improved radiosensitization or chemosensitization.

White, R.; Workman, P.; Owen, L.

1982-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Effects of radiosensitizers on intermediary metabolism in vivo  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In the liver, MISO has little effect on glycolytic intermediates but both the lactate and G3P contents are significantly decreased shortly after administration, whereas the level of ketone-bodies is raised. The changes in hepatic metabolite levels following treatment with SR-2508 are less marked. However, in an adenocarcinoma, both the lactate and ketone-body concentrations are enhanced with MISO. The redox equilibria states are shifted not to the oxidized metabolites in the liver but instead to the reduced metabolites in tumor. These effects may have relevance for the radiotherapy in tumors.

Tamulevicius, P.; Streffer, C.; Blanke, G.; Luscher, G.

1984-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Pulse Jet Mixer Overblow Testing for Assessment of Loadings During Multiple Overblows  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of River Protection’s Waste Treatment Plant (WTP) is being designed and built to pretreat and then vitrify a large portion of the wastes in Hanford’s 177 underground waste storage tanks. The WTP consists of three primary facilities: pretreatment, low-activity waste (LAW) vitrification, and high-level waste (HLW) vitrification. The pretreatment facility will receive waste feed from the Hanford tank farms and separate it into 1) a high-volume, low-activity liquid stream stripped of most solids and radionuclides and 2) a much smaller volume of HLW slurry containing most of the solids and most of the radioactivity. Many of the vessels in the pretreatment facility will contain pulse jet mixers (PJMs) that will provide some or all of the mixing in the vessels. This technology was selected for use in so-called “black cell” regions of the WTP, where maintenance capability will not be available for the operating life of the WTP. PJM technology was selected for use in these regions because it has no moving mechanical parts that require maintenance. The vessels with the most concentrated slurries will also be mixed with air spargers and/or steady jets in addition to the mixing provided by the PJMs. This report contains the results of single and multiple PJM overblow tests conducted in a large, ~13 ft-diameter × 15-ft-tall tank located in the high bay of the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) 336 Building test facility. These single and multiple PJM overblow tests were conducted using water and a clay simulant to bound the lower and upper rheological properties of the waste streams anticipated to be processed in the WTP. Hydrodynamic pressures were measured at a number of locations in the test vessel using an array of nine pressure sensors and four hydrophones. These measurements were made under normal and limiting vessel operating conditions (i.e., maximum PJM fluid emptying velocity, maximum and minimum vessel contents for PJM operation, and maximum and minimum rheological properties). Test data collected from the PJM overblow tests were provided to Bechtel National, Inc. (BNI) for assessing hydrostatic, dynamic, and acoustic pressure loadings on in-tank structures during 1) single overblows; 2) multiple overlapping overblows of two to four PJMs; 3) simultaneous overblows of pairs of PJMs.

Pfund, David M.; Bontha, Jagannadha R.; Michener, Thomas E.; Nigl, Franz; Yokuda, Satoru T.; Leigh, Richard J.; Golovich, Elizabeth C.; Baumann, Aaron W.; Kurath, Dean E.; Hoza, Mark; Combs, William H.; Fort, James A.; Bredt, Ofelia P.

2009-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

445

Pulse Jet Mixer Overblow Testing for Assessment of Loadings During Multiple Overblows  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of River Protection’s Waste Treatment Plant (WTP) is being designed and built to pretreat and then vitrify a large portion of the wastes in Hanford’s 177 underground waste storage tanks. The WTP consists of three primary facilities: pretreatment, low-activity waste (LAW) vitrification, and high-level waste (HLW) vitrification. The pretreatment facility will receive waste feed from the Hanford tank farms and separate it into 1) a high-volume, low-activity liquid stream stripped of most solids and radionuclides and 2) a much smaller volume of HLW slurry containing most of the solids and most of the radioactivity. Many of the vessels in the pretreatment facility will contain pulse jet mixers (PJMs) that will provide some or all of the mixing in the vessels. This technology was selected for use in so-called “black cell” regions of the WTP, where maintenance capability will not be available for the operating life of the WTP. PJM technology was selected for use in these regions because it has no moving mechanical parts that require maintenance. The vessels with the most concentrated slurries will also be mixed with air spargers and/or steady jets in addition to the mixing provided by the PJMs. This report contains the results of single and multiple PJM overblow tests conducted in a large, ~13 ft-diameter × 15-ft-tall tank located in the high bay of the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) 336 Building test facility. These single and multiple PJM overblow tests were conducted using water and a clay simulant to bound the lower and upper rheological properties of the waste streams anticipated to be processed in the WTP. Hydrodynamic pressures were measured at a number of locations in the test vessel using an array of nine pressure sensors and four hydrophones. These measurements were made under normal and limiting vessel operating conditions (i.e., maximum PJM fluid emptying velocity, maximum and minimum vessel contents for PJM operation, and maximum and minimum rheological properties). Test data collected from the PJM overblow tests were provided to Bechtel National, Inc. (BNI) for assessing hydrostatic, dynamic, and acoustic pressure loadings on in-tank structures during 1) single overblows; 2) multiple overlapping overblows of two to four PJMs; 3) simultaneous overblows of pairs of PJMs.

Pfund, David M.; Bontha, Jagannadha R.; Michener, Thomas E.; Nigl, Franz; Yokuda, Satoru T.; Leigh, Richard J.; Golovich, Elizabeth C.; Baumann, Aaron W.; Kurath, Dean E.; Hoza, Mark; Combs, William H.; Fort, James A.; Bredt, Ofelia P.

2008-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

446

What's happening in Midwest ISO market?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

attributable to significantly decreased natural gas, oil and coal prices. (fuel costs represent the vast of Presentation Introduction Energy prices in 2006 Day-Ahead Market Performance Real-Time Market Performance;Introduction 2006 is the first full year of market operations in Midwest ISO. Electricity prices in MISO

Tesfatsion, Leigh

447

Division of Economics and Business Working Paper Series  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

data of wind generation and emissions from plants in ERCOT (Texas), CAISO (California), and MISO (Upper roughly cover government subsidies for wind generation, environmental benefits in Texas and California doubling every three years in the United States (World Wind Energy Association 2009) and wind generation

448

MIDWEST ISO UPDATE Sherman Elliott  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

power congestion through locational marginal pricing (LMP) energy market Long term regional transmission minutes · Manage congestion via Locational Marginal Pricing (LMP), Transmission Loading Relief (TLR reserve margin #12;9 MISO Market Operations Locational Marginal Pricing (LMP) based upon Security

Tesfatsion, Leigh

449

Derivation of Locational Marginal Prices for Restructured Wholesale Power Markets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Derivation of Locational Marginal Prices for Restructured Wholesale Power Markets Haifeng Liu restructured wholesale power markets, the detailed derivation of LMPs as actually used in industry practice Operator (MISO). Keywords: Locational marginal pricing, wholesale power market, AC optimal power flow, DC

Tesfatsion, Leigh

450

Leigh Tesfatsion Professor of Econ, Math, and Electrical & Computer Engineering  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2012 AMES Wholesale Power Market Test Bed #12;2 Presentation Outline Wholesale power market design Commission (FERC) proposed a wholesale electric power market design for common adoption throughout U.S. Over), Midwest/Manitoba (MISO), & Southwest (SPP) #12;4 FERC Wholesale Power Market Design Adopters to Date http

Tesfatsion, Leigh

451

Integrated Retail and Wholesale (IRW) Power System Operations with Smart-Grid Functionality  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Integrated Retail and Wholesale (IRW) Power System Operations with Smart-Grid Functionality Leigh of the Integrated Retail/Wholesale (IRW) project at Iowa State University · IRW Test Bed development · Integration-NE, MISO, XM, RTE, MEC IRW Project: Integrated Retail/Wholesale Power System Operation with Smart

Tesfatsion, Leigh

452

The mechanisms of cytotoxicity and chemosensitization by misonidazole and other nitroimidazoles  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper attempts to review and interpret the various aspects of the interaction of the electron-affinic drug misonidazole (MISO) with cells in vitro and tumors in vivo. Specifically three topics are covered: (1) The preferential toxicity of MISO to hypoxic cells; (2) The sensitization of cell in vitro in chemotherapeutic agents by hypoxic pretreatment with MISO (the preincubation effect); (3) The chemosensitization of tumors in vivo by MISO. It is concluded that hypoxic cell cytotoxicity is not a result of the binding of nitroreduction products to the cellular target molecule (or molecules), but is a result of abstraction of H atoms by neutral radicals produced during nitroreduction. However, binding does occur, and this depletes intracellular glutathione which is capable both of inactivating these toxic radicals and repairing the target lesion. The preincubation effect-at least for bifunctional alkylating agents-is postulated to be a result of a combination of depletion of intracellular glutathione (which can intercept the alkylating agent), and increase in DNA interstand cross-links. Finally, it is concluded that chemosensitization of tumors in vivo is a combination of the in vitro preincubation effect for the hypoxic cells, and an inhibition of repair of the chemotherapeutic agent damage to aerated, plateau-phase-like cells in the tumor. The former required nitroreduction, the latter does not.

Brown, J.M.

1982-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Keynote address: cellular reduction of nitroimidazole drugs: potential for selective chemotherapy and diagnosis of hypoxic cells  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Nitroimidazole drugs were initially developed as selective radiosensitizers of hypoxic cells and, consequently, as adjuvants to improve the local control probabilities of current radiotherapies. Misonidazole (MISO), the prototype radiosensitizing drug, was found in Phase I clinical studies to cause dose-limiting neurotoxicities (mainly peripheral neuropathies). MISO was also found to be cytotoxic in the absence of radiation and to covalently bind to cellular molecules, both processes demonstrating rates much higher in hypoxic compared with oxygenated cells. It is likely that neurotoxicity, cellular cytotoxicity and adduct formation results from reactions between reduction intermediates of MISO and cellular target molecules. Spin-offs from radiosensitizer research include the synthesis and characterization of more potent hypoxic cytotoxins and the exploitation of sensitizer-adducts as probes for measuring cellular and tissue oxygen levels. Current developments in hypoxic cell cytotoxin and hypoxic cell marker research are reviewed with specific examples from studies which characterize the cellular reduction of TF-MISO, (1-(2-nitro-1-imidazolyl)-3(2,2,2-trifluoroethoxy)-2-propanol). 45 references.

Chapman, J.D.; Lee, J.; Meeker, B.E.

1989-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

Pharmacokinetic interaction of BCNU and misonidazole in humans  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Although considerable laboratory in vitro and in vivo evidence is now available suggesting that misonidazole (MISO) enhances chemotherapy tumor responses, experience with human tumors is limited. Further, the mechanism of this enhancement is not defintely known. One possible mechanism is that MISO alters the pharmacokinetics of the chemotherapeutic agent, vice versa or both. We studied a group of patients with recurrent malignant gliomas, following radiotherapy. After proven recurrence, they were treated with i.v. BCNU in combination with oral MISO in an 8 week cycle. Our aims were: 1. To obtain a second remission; 2. To assess the toxicity of this combination; 3. To assess the plasma pharmacokinetics of each drug alone and in combination. Six patients entered the protocol. Four of six patients obtained either a partial or subpartial response. Prolonged moderate myelosuppression was observed in 2/6 patients after 3 cycles; 2/6 patients experienced seizures after the first cycle of chemotherapy for the first time in the course of their disease. The plasma pharmacokinetic data indicates no evidence of a MISO-BCNU drug interaction.

Urtasum, R.C.; Tanasichuk, H.; Fulton, D.; Raleigh, J.; Rabin, H.R.; Turner, R.; Koziol, D.; Agboola, O.

1982-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Changes in misonidazole binding with hypoxic fraction in mouse tumors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Binding of misonidazole (MISO) or a derivative to hypoxic cells in tumors has been proposed as a method for identifying tumors, and measuring their level of hypoxia. The author has recently shown that the hypoxic fraction of tumor cells can be altered over a wide range in vivo by acutely changing the hematocrit of the host animal by transfusion. The present study is aimed to investigate the changes in binding by /sup 14/C MISO that accompanied this procedure. Tumor bearing mice were injected with /sup 14/C MISO, irradiated with a single dose of X rays (20 Gy) and their tumor excised and bisected. One half of each tumor was used to determine cell survival in vitro, the other was used for /sup 14/C scintillation counting. As previously described, tumor cell survival was dramatically increased in acutely anemic mice and this was accompanied by an increase in /sup 14/C MISO binding to the tumors. The relationship between clonogenic cell survival and binding was found to be linear on a log-log plot for each of the tumor lines studied, but the slopes of the lines were different in different tumor lines and generally steeper than the value of 1.0 expected for a 1:1 correspondence between cells binding radioactivity and radiobiological resistance.

Hirst, D.G.; Hazlehurst, J.L.; Brown, J.M.

1985-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

Effect of nitroimidazoles on glucose utilization and lactate accumulation in mouse brain  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The radiation sensitizers misonidazole (MISO) and desmethylmisonidazole (DMM) can produce central and peripheral neuropathy in patients and laboratory animals. Nitroimidazoles can also interfere with glycolysis in vitro under aerobic and anaerobic conditions. In the present work, the authors studied the effect of MISO or DMM on lactate production and glucose utilization in mouse brain. It is observed that these compounds result in a 25% inhibition of lactate production in brain slices relative to the control at a 10 mM level. Additionally, MISO (1.0 mg/g/day) or DMM (1.4 mg/g/day) were administered daily (oral) for 1, 4, 7, or 14 days to examine the effect of these two drugs on the regional glucose utilization in C3Hf mouse brain. Five microcuries of 2-deoxy(/sup 14/C)glucose was given following the last drug dose and autoradiographs of serial brain sections were made and analyzed by a densitometer. Following a single dose of either MISO or DMM, no significant differences in glucose uptake were observed when compared with controls. However, following 4, 7, and 14 doses the rate of glucose utilization was significantly reduced in the intoxicated animals. Larger reductions were measured in specific regions including the posterior colliculus, cochlear nuclei, vestibular nuclei, and pons with increasing effects observed at later stages. These results share a degree of correspondence with the regional brain pathology produced by these nitroimidazoles.

Chao, C.F. (Roswell Park Memorial Inst., Buffalo, NY); Subjeck, J.R.; Brody, H.; Shen, J.; Johnson, R.J.R.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

On multiple-antenna communications: signal detection, error exponent and and quality of service  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90 VII QUALITY-OF-SERVICE FOR A BUFFERED TRANSMIS- SION OVER FADING CHANNEL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93 A. Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93 B. Problem Statement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96 C...) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 106 a. Asymptotic Analysis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 106 b. Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107 2. SIMO/MISO Antennas System . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111 E. Distortion Exponent of MIMO Block Fading Channel . . . 112 1. MIMO...

Li, Qiang

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

458

On multiple-antenna communications: signal detection, error exponent and and quality of service  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90 VII QUALITY-OF-SERVICE FOR A BUFFERED TRANSMIS- SION OVER FADING CHANNEL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93 A. Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93 B. Problem Statement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96 C...) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 106 a. Asymptotic Analysis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 106 b. Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107 2. SIMO/MISO Antennas System . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111 E. Distortion Exponent of MIMO Block Fading Channel . . . 112 1. MIMO...

Li, Qiang

2008-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

459

The Ohio State University Office of Human Resources hr.osu.edu/policy Page 1 of 4 Drug-Free Workplace  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Applicants to specific safety-related and other designated positions at Ohio State will be drug tested after with safety-related and other designated positions as required by law and under individual agreements federal, state or local laws or regulations. Medical Review Officer (MRO) Physician officially designated

Howat, Ian M.

460

Correlation between medium-range order structure and glass-forming ability for Al-based metallic glasses  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

To clarify the correlation of medium-range order (MRO) structure with glass forming ability (GFA) of Al-based metallic glasses, Al{sub 86}Ni{sub 14-a}Y{sub a} (a?=?2?9 at.?%) metallic glasses were analyzed by x-ray diffraction in detail and further verified by synchrotron high-energy x-ray diffraction. The prepeak that reflects the MRO structural evolution was found to be much sensitive to alloy composition. We have proposed an icosahedral supercluster MRO structure model in Al-TM (transition metal)-RE (rare earth metal) system, which consists of 12 RE(TM)-centered clusters on the vertex of icosahedral supercluster, one RE(TM)-centered clusters in the center, and TM(RE) atoms located at RE(TM)-centered cluster tetrahedral interstices in the icosahedral supercluster. It was indicated that the MRO structural stability mainly depends on the interaction of efficient dense packing and electrochemical potential equalization principle. The Al{sub 86}Ni{sub 9}Y(La){sub 5} alloys present good GFA due to the combination of the two structural factors.

Wu, N. C. [College of Material and Metallurgy, Northeastern University, Shenyang 110004 (China); Shenyang National Laboratory for Materials Science, Institute of Metal Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shenyang 110016 (China); Yan, M. [Queensland Centre for Advanced Materials Processing and Manufacturing (AMPAM), School of Mechanical and Mining Engineering, The University of Queensland, Brisbane (Australia); Zuo, L. [College of Material and Metallurgy, Northeastern University, Shenyang 110004 (China); Wang, J. Q., E-mail: jqwang@imr.ac.cn [Shenyang National Laboratory for Materials Science, Institute of Metal Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shenyang 110016 (China)

2014-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "miso mro pjm" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

None of this work has been peer-reviewed Description of ongoing Mars work led by Edwin Kite (kite@berkeley.edu), listed from most mature to least  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

@berkeley.edu), listed from most mature to least mature. Overall approach is to use MRO data to divide the Early Mars atmosphere, and that most water vapor is cold-trapped as precipitation source. Thus. Snowmelt and sedimentary rocks ­ thick early atmosphere not required? The recently published MOC- NA

Kite, Edwin

462

Administrative Excellence Shaping Our Future Phase II Work Team Project Charter  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of current policies and operations to support and enhance MRO supplies purchasing. · developing detailed or desired policies; conduct analysis and build business case content · Weeks 7 to 8 ­ Discuss business case and implementation plan; conduct additional analysis as required · Weeks 9 to 10 ­Finalize business case

Sheridan, Jennifer

463

Lee J Rickard Long Wavelength Array  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Ventilating, and Air Conditioning ICD Interface Control Document ION Ionosphere ­ in WBS, refers Monitoring & Control System MMIC Monolithic Microwave Integrated Circuit MRO Magdalena Ridge Observatory Design Review CIC Cascaded IntegratorComb ­ a combination of FIR filter and decimator CME Coronal

Ellingson, Steven W.

464

www.adminexcellence.wisc.edu Status of Administrative Excellence Work Teams  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

teams): April 26 Strategic Purchasing ­ Office Supplies: Recommendations were endorsed by the Advisory Committee and approved by the Steering Committee. April 26 Strategic Purchasing ­ Computer Bundles Purchasing ­ MRO Supplies: Recommendations were endorsed by the Advisory Committee and approved

Thiffeault, Jean-Luc

465

Final Report - Gas Retention and Release Tests Supporting the Concentrate Receipt Vessel (CRV-VSL-00002A/2B) Configuration  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Gas Retention and Release (GR and R) tests were performed in the scaled Concentrate Receipt Vessel (CRV) Test Stand at the Savannah River National Laboratory to validate the capability of candidate Hybrid-Mixing systems for the CRV to safely release hydrogen during normal and upset conditions. Hydrogen is generated in the radioactive waste as a result of natural and plant processes and must not be allowed to accumulate above flammability limits. Two types of tests were conducted. Gas holdup tests determined the steady state amount of gas accumulated in the simulant under normal PJM only or PJM plus sparging conditions. Gas release tests determined what operating conditions are necessary to fully release gas after a steady state gas fraction of 4 per cent tank volume or more was reached in the simulant.

GUERRERO, HECTOR

2004-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

A reactive contingency analysis algorithm using MW and MVAR distribution factors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper describes an algorithm that can be used in analyzing reactive power flow contingencies. This approach uses MW distribution factors (DFAX) in conjunction with newly developed VAR distribution factors (RDFAX) to solve for the post-contingency bus voltage magnitude changes of an interconnecter EHV system. A prototype version of the algorithm described in this paper is presently being tested at the Pennsylvania-New Jersey-Maryland (PJM) interconnection office.

Taylor, D.G.; Maahs, L.J. (Pennsylvania-New Jersey-Maryland Interconnection, Norristown, PA (US))

1991-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

Forward capacity market CONEfusion  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In ISO New England and PJM it was assumed that sponsors of new capacity projects would offer them into the newly established forward centralized capacity markets at prices based on their levelized net cost of new entry, or ''Net CONE.'' But the FCCMs have not operated in the way their proponents had expected. To clear up the CONEfusion, FCCM designs should be reconsidered to adapt them to the changing circumstances and to be grounded in realistic expectations of market conduct. (author)

Wilson, James F.

2010-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

468

PROJECT BOEING SGS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Boeing and its partner, PJM Interconnection, teamed to bring advanced “defense-grade” technologies for cyber security to the US regional power grid through demonstration in PJM’s energy management environment. Under this cooperative project with the Department of Energy, Boeing and PJM have developed and demonstrated a host of technologies specifically tailored to the needs of PJM and the electric sector as a whole. The team has demonstrated to the energy industry a combination of processes, techniques and technologies that have been successfully implemented in the commercial, defense, and intelligence communities to identify, mitigate and continuously monitor the cyber security of critical systems. Guided by the results of a Cyber Security Risk-Based Assessment completed in Phase I, the Boeing-PJM team has completed multiple iterations through the Phase II Development and Phase III Deployment phases. Multiple cyber security solutions have been completed across a variety of controls including: Application Security, Enhanced Malware Detection, Security Incident and Event Management (SIEM) Optimization, Continuous Vulnerability Monitoring, SCADA Monitoring/Intrusion Detection, Operational Resiliency, Cyber Range simulations and hands on cyber security personnel training. All of the developed and demonstrated solutions are suitable for replication across the electric sector and/or the energy sector as a whole. Benefits identified include: • Improved malware and intrusion detection capability on critical SCADA networks including behavioral-based alerts resulting in improved zero-day threat protection • Improved Security Incident and Event Management system resulting in better threat visibility, thus increasing the likelihood of detecting a serious event • Improved malware detection and zero-day threat response capability • Improved ability to systematically evaluate and secure in house and vendor sourced software applications • Improved ability to continuously monitor and maintain secure configuration of network devices resulting in reduced vulnerabilities for potential exploitation • Improved overall cyber security situational awareness through the integration of multiple discrete security technologies into a single cyber security reporting console • Improved ability to maintain the resiliency of critical systems in the face of a targeted cyber attack of other significant event • Improved ability to model complex networks for penetration testing and advanced training of cyber security personnel

Bell, Thomas

2014-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

469

Nitroimidazoles as modifiers of nitrosourea pharmacokinetics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The effect of a number of nitroimidazole sensitizers of varying lipophilicity has been studied on the pharmacokinetics of CCNU in mice. It was found that the effectiveness of these compounds in producing pharmacokinetic effects correlated directly with their lipophilicity. The effects of MISO on the pharmacokinetics of 4 nitrosoureas of differing lipophilicity were also investigated. The plasma clearances of CCNU, BCNU and MeCCNU (high lipophilicity) were slowed by MISO whereas that of chlorozotocin (Chlz) (low lipophilicity) was unaffected. Thus, it seems that for a pharmacokinetic interaction to occur between a nitroimidazole and a nitrosourea, both the modifier and the cytotoxic agent must have a requisite degree of lipophilicity. As the same requirement appears to hold for enhancement of tumor response, these data provide further evidence that pharmacokinetic modification plays a major role in chemosensitization.

Lee, F.Y.F.; Workman, P.

1984-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

Lethal or protective effects of prolonged treatment with hypoxic cell sensitizers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

AK-2123 [N-(2-methoxyethyl)-2-(3-nitro-1-triazolyl)acetamide] is a hypoxic cell radiosensitizer which is currently being tested in several oncology clinics and which has a lower toxicity than misonidazole (MISO) in vivo. The positive experiences reported recently certainly warrant further clinical evaluations. The experimental observations reported so far need further experimental studies to clarify the sensitization mechanism, especially as recent intratumoral strategies used in the clinical administration of the sensitizers can result in a large local concentration of the drug that may persist for a prolonged period of time between and after radiation exposures. Model experiments in vitro using V79 cells were performed with AK-2123 under these conditions. Misonidazole (MISO) and metronidazole (METRO), well known hypoxic cell radiosensitizers, were used for comparison of the effects. Clonogenic survival and induction and repair of DNA damage were used as end-points.

Edgren, M.R. [Karolinska Inst., Stockholm (Sweden). Dept. of Medical Radiation Physics

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

471

Mechanisms of hypoxic cell radiosensitization and the development of new sensitizers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Some of the mechanisms by which drugs can potentiate the radiation response of tumors and cells in culture are discussed. Emphasis is placed on the action of nitroaromatic and heterocyclic compounds as hypoxic cell radiosensitizers, and some potential successors to misonidazole (MISO) are described. These include desmethylmisonidazole and SR 2508, selected because of their low toxicity in experimental systems. Groups of compounds, more efficient sensitizers than would be predicted from electron affinity correlations, have been examined and the use of Ro-03-8799 or RSU 1047 is proposed. Finally, ortho-substituted nitroimidazoles and electron-affinic compounds with alkylating groups are described. The latter group, in particular, holds promise for the development of compounds much superior to MISO.

Stratford, I.J.

1982-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

SR-2508 plus buthionine sulfoximine or SR-2508 alone: effects on the radiation response and the glutathione content of a human tumor xenograft  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This study determined the radiosensitivity of the human tumor xenograft HT29 and its glutathione (GSH) and cysteine (CYS) contents after treatment with both buthionine sulfoximine (BSO) and SR-2508 or SR-2508 alone. Tumor radiosensitivity was assessed by the in vitro colony assay and thiol content was measured by high-performance liquid chromatography. The radiosensitizing effect of SR-2508 is dose dependent and increases when higher doses of radiation are given. SR-2508 given alone does not modify GSH and CYS content; however, when given with BSO, the GSH level is significantly reduced, yet radiosensitivity of the HT29 tumor is only slightly increased. These results have been compared to our previously observed results of HT29 treatment with misonidazole (MISO), BSO, or MISO + BSO.

Lespinasse, F.; Biscay, P.; Malaise, E.P.; Guichard, M.

1987-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

Radiation dose fractionation studies with hypoxic cell radiosensitizers using a murine tumor. [X-ray; mice  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The ability of five nitroimidazoles, metronidazole (MET), misonidazole (MISO), desmethymisonidazole (DMM), SR 2508 and SR 2555, to sensitize the KHT sarcoma to radiation treatment has been compared for drug doses in the range 0-1.5 g/Kg. Single radiation doses or two different daily fractionation schedules (4 fractions of 5 Gy each or 7 fraction of 3 Gy each) were used; the tumor cell survival was determined using either an in vivo or in vitro colony assay. Each radiation (100 kVp X rays at 11 Gy/min) treatment was given locally, 60-70 min (MET) or 30-40 min (other drugs) after either intraperitoneal (MET, MISO, DMM) or intraveous (SR 2508, SR 2555) injection of the drugs; these times have been shown to be optimum for this tumor. For the single doses and both fractionation schedules the tumor cell survival, following the irradiation treatment, declined as the drug dose increased in the range 0 to 0.75 g/Kg for all the drugs, but above this dose level a plateau was reached and the amount of sensitization remained essentially constant. In this plateau region the reduction in survival achieved was similar for single doses and 5 Gy fraction but was less for 3 Gy fractions, indicating that sensitization was smaller for the smaller dose fractions. For the 4 x 5 Gy fractionation schedule the plateau level of survival was lowest for MISO, DMM and SR 2508, slightly higher for SR 2555 and much higher for MET. For the 3 Gy fractions SR 2508 appeared slightly less effective than MISO and DMM.

Hill, R.P.

1982-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

Clinical perspectives for the use of new hypoxic cell sensitizers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Experience with high pressure oxygen in combination with radiotherapy has shown that, for some tumors at least, the presence of hypoxic cells is a limiting factor in the ability to cure these tumors even with conventional daily fractionation. This suggests that hypoxic cell radiosensitizers, of which misonidazole (MISO) is the prototype drug, may play a role in improving the cure-rate of some tumors when combined with daily fractionation. Even for those tumors for which no improvement is seen when combined with daily fractionation, it is likely that there will be an important role for these sensitizers by using them in combination with regimens of only a few dose fractions. Because of the limiting side effects of neuropathy, a less toxic radiosensitizer than MISO is required to gain the full clinical benefit of these drugs. A possible way of achieving this is to reduce the lipid solubility (lipophilicity) of the compounds while still retaining their electron-affinity. This reduces the concentration of drug in the neural tissues (brain, peripheral nerves) without affecting the tumor concentration. However, if the lipophilicity is too low, the drugs are unable to enter the hypoxic cells and hence lose their radiosensitivity efficiency. It would appear that a lipophilicity given by an octanol:water partition coefficient of approximately 0.04 is optimum (cf. MISO = 0.43) with the 2-nitroimidazole amide SR-2508 the best in this series. Tumor levels of this drug of at least 7-8 times those obtained with MISO should be attainable clinically for no increase in neurotoxicity. Another property of electron-affinic sensitizers shows clinical promise. This is their ability to preferentially sensitize tumors compared to normal tissues to the cytotoxic action of several chemotherapeutic agents.

Brown, J.M.

1982-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

Radiosensitizing effect of misonidazole in combination with an inhibitor of glutathione synthesis in murine tumors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The radiosensitizing effects of misonidazole (MISO) in combination with D,L-buthionine-S, R-sulfoximine (BSO), an inhibitor of glutathione (GSH) biosynthesis, were studied in NFSa tumors of C/sub 3/H/He mice. The radiation response of tumors was assayed by the tumor growth delay time. The GSH contents in tissues were assayed by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). GSH content in the tumors decreased to the minimum level (45% of the control), and then gradually recovered to 75% of the control, respectively, 12 and 24 hr after the intraperitoneal injection of 5 mmole/kg BSO. On the other hand, the maximum non-protein sulfhydryl (NPSH) depletion (29% of the control) in the liver of tumor bearing mice was achieved 6 hr after the administration of the same dose of BSO, but fully recovered 24 hr later. When 5 mmole/kg BSO was injected repeatedly 4 times at an interval of 6 hr, GSH content in the tumors decreased to 19% of the control 24 hr after the first injection of BSO. The radiosensitizing effect of 0.5 mmole/kg MISO was markedly increased by this BSO treatment. The enhancement ratio (ER) of this combined treatment was 1.93. On the other hand, ERs of 1.44 and 1.16 were obtained for MISO (0.5 mmole/kg) and for 4 injections of BSO (5 mmole/kg) in combination with radiation, respectively. Although a considerable increase in the radiosensitizing efficiency of MISO in vivo by the treatment with BSO was found without any notable side effects of the combination, more studies on toxicities are needed to get a definite conclusion on the clinical applicability of the combination.

Ono, K.; Komuro, C.; Nishidai, T.; Shibamoto, Y.; Tsutsui, K.; Takahashi, M.; Abe, M.

1986-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

Effect of tumor size on S-2-(3-aminopropylamino)ethylphosphorothioic acid and misonidazole alteration of tumor response to cyclophosphamide  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The influence of tumor size on the ability of S-2-(3-aminopropylamino)ethylphosphorothioic acid (WR-2721) or misonidazole (MISO) to alter cyclophosphamide (CY) antitumor activity was investigated, using a chemically induced fibrosarcoma (FSA) and a spontaneous fibrosarcoma (NFSA) in C3Hf/Kam mice. Tumors were of two sizes at the time of treatment, 8-mm leg tumors and 4-day-old micrometastases in the lung. The antitumor activity of CY and its modification were assessed by growth delay of leg tumors and the reduction in the number of lung metastases. Both measures of tumor response were more pronounced as the dose of CY increased, and FSA was more sensitive to CY than was NFSA. WR-2721 (400 mg/kg), given 30 min before treatment with CY, reduced the effectiveness of CY on both FSA and NFSA. This reduction in effectiveness of CY was only minimal for leg tumors (dose-modifying factors were 1.1 for FSA and 1.03 for NFSA) but remarkable for lung micrometastases (dose-modifying factors were 1.81 for FSA and 1.55 for NFSA). Protection increased with the increase in the dose of WR-2721 and was also dependent on the time of injection relative to CY. The greatest protection occurred when WR-2721 was given within 30 min before to 15 min after CY. Tumor size had the opposite effect on MISO from that on WR-2721. MISO (1 mg/g) enhanced the effect of CY more effectively for leg tumors than for lung micrometastases: dose-modifying factors were 1.74 for FSA and 2.21 for NFSA growing in the leg and 1.27 for FSA and 1.11 for NFSA lung micrometastases. Therefore, tumor size appears to be a very important factor in determining the extent of WR-2721- and MISO-induced modification of CY antitumor effect.

Milas, L.; Ito, H.; Hunter, N.

1983-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

MOED_of_the_Italian_Republic.PDF | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion | Department of Energy Low-Temperature CombustionGlass MECS-8,2011 MISO

478

Iodoazomycin riboside (1-(5'-iodo-5'-deoxyribofuranosyl)-2-nitroimidazole), a hypoxic cell marker. I. Synthesis and in vitro characterization  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Misonidazole (MISO), a selective radiosensitizer of hypoxic cells, forms adducts with cellular biomolecules with rates which are 30-50 X higher under hypoxic as compared to aerobic conditions of incubation. This technique of sensitizer adduct formation was proposed as a possible means of measuring the hypoxic fraction of solid tumors by noninvasive procedures. Iodoazomycin riboside (5'-IAZR) and 5'-(125I)AZR were synthesized and chemically characterized. Measurements of in vitro cytotoxicity and radiosensitizing ability with EMT-6 tumor cells in vitro indicated that 5'-IAZR is approximately 3 X more toxic and effective than is azomycin riboside (AZR) and approximately 10 X more toxic and effective than is MISO. 5'-(125I)AZR was shown to selectively bind to hypoxic EMT-6 cells at rates which were 2.5-3 X faster than those of MISO. The absolute rates of binding of 5'-IAZR to hypoxic cells at concentrations of 10-100 microM are the highest observed in this laboratory for any hypoxic cell radiosensitizer tested to date. These data suggest that 5'-IAZR, when labeled with an appropriate radioisotope (e.g., 131I), might be a useful marker for hypoxic cells in solid tumors amenable to noninvasive detection. Additional studies with animal tumor models appear to be warranted.

Jette, D.C.; Wiebe, L.I.; Flanagan, R.J.; Lee, J.; Chapman, J.D.

1986-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

Is Misonidazole neurotoxicity altered by the use of phenytoin and/or dexamethasone in RTOG 79-18 and RTOG 79-16  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An analysis of Misonidazole (MISO) neurotoxicity in RTOG 79-16 and RTOG 79-18 was undertaken to evaluate the incidence of neurotoxicity relative to dexamethasone dose and phenytoin use. Practically all patients were on dexamethasone, and 240 out of 550 were on phenytoin for seizures. CNS toxicity and ototoxicity rates were no different between treatment groups with overall rates of 2.7 and 1.1%, respectively. Phenytoin did not significantly alter CNS and peripheral neuropathy (PN) toxicity rates. All ototoxicities occurred in patients not on phenytoin. There was no correlation between dexamethasone dose and incidence of neurotoxicity within each study. However, the incidence of (PN) for the combined studies was 6.4% (35/550) which is lower than 18.9% (85/449) for non-brain Phase III protocols where patients are rarely, if ever, on dexamethasone or other corticosteroids. Four hour and 24 hour plasma MISO levels, and 24 hour/4 hour MISO ratios did not correlate with toxicity.

Nelson, D.F.; Gillespie, B.W.; Diener, M.D.; Davis, D.R.; Wasserman, T.; Phillips, T.L.; Stetz, J.

1984-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

Radiosensitization by a new nucleoside analogue: 1-(2-hydroxy-1-(hydroxymethyl)ethoxy)methyl-2-nitroimidazole (RP-170)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A new potent hypoxic cell sensitizer, a 2-nitroimidazole nucleoside analogue having methoxyglycerol as a sugar moiety at the N-1 position of the imidazole ring (RP-170), has been synthesized. Its radiosensitizing activities in vitro and in vivo were investigated and compared with those of misonidazole (MISO) and etanidazole (SR-2508). As might be expected from the almost identical electron affinities of the three compounds, they were equally effective against hypoxic EMT6 cells in vitro. The in vivo-in vitro excision analysis showed that RP-170 was also as effective as MISO and etanidazole to radiosensitize solid tumor cells in vivo. An intraperitoneal administration of 200 mg/kg of RP-170 and an intravenous administration of the same dose of etanidazole showed an equal sensitizer-enhancement ratio of 1.51 to solid EMT6/KU tumors. Its effectiveness was also demonstrated by growth delay assay using solid SCCVII tumors. As predicted from the low partition coefficient, RP-170 and etanidazole showed apparently lower toxicity in vivo than MISO; their LD50/14 were 4.3, 4.8, and 1.8 g/kg in our experiment, respectively. Moreover, RP-170 showed fast clearance from serum in mice (t1/2 = 10.24 min) and poor penetration into neural tissues. Although RP-170 does not show any advantages over etanidazole in terms of sensitization or toxicity, RP-170 might be preferable under certain circumstances because it can be given orally.

Murayama, C.; Suzuki, A.; Suzuki, T.; Miyata, Y.; Sakaguchi, M.; Tanabe, Y.; Tanaka, N.; Mori, T. (Tokai Univ. (Japan))

1989-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "miso mro pjm" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

In vitro and in vivo radiosensitization by 2-nitroimidazoles more electron-affinic than misonidazole  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A series of 5-substituted-methyl-2 nitroimidazoles, more electron-affinic than misonidazole (MISO), has been studied as potential hypoxic cell radiosensitizers. In vitro radiosensitization studies of these compounds showed equivalent or greater radiosensitization than MISO, while LD/sub 50/ studies of the compounds found them to be, in general, more toxic to Balb/c mice than MISO. Radiosensitization experiments in vivo with compounds SR-2537, SR-2515 and SR-2553 of acceptable toxicity were not able to sensitize the EMT6 tumor to x-irradiation after a single intraperitoneal injection. However, moderate sensitization was achieved when SR-2537 was administered i.v. Rapid metabolism of these more electron-affinic compounds was suggested as a possible case of the poor sensitization. However, when multiple i.v. injections of SR-2537 were given to maintain a constant drug level in the tumor, radiosensitization by this compound did not improve, suggesting that intact drug was either not reaching or was not penetrating the hypoxic cells.

Brown, D.M. (Stanford Univ., CA); Yu, N.Y.; Brown, J.M.; Lee, W.W.

1982-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

The Murchison Widefield Array Correlator  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Murchison Widefield Array (MWA) is a Square Kilometre Array (SKA) Precursor. The telescope is located at the Murchison Radio--astronomy Observatory (MRO) in Western Australia (WA). The MWA consists of 4096 dipoles arranged into 128 dual polarisation aperture arrays forming a connected element interferometer that cross-correlates signals from all 256 inputs. A hybrid approach to the correlation task is employed, with some processing stages being performed by bespoke hardware, based on Field Programmable Gate Arrays (FPGAs), and others by Graphics Processing Units (GPUs) housed in general purpose rack mounted servers. The correlation capability required is approximately 8 TFLOPS (Tera FLoating point Operations Per Second). The MWA has commenced operations and the correlator is generating 8.3 TB/day of correlation products, that are subsequently transferred 700 km from the MRO to Perth (WA) in real-time for storage and offline processing. In this paper we outline the correlator design, signal path, and proce...

Ord, S M; Emrich, D; Pallot, D; Wayth, R B; Clark, M A; Tremblay, S E; Arcus, W; Barnes, D; Bell, M; Bernardi, G; Bhat, N D R; Bowman, J D; Briggs, F; Bunton, J D; Cappallo, R J; Corey, B E; Deshpande, A A; deSouza, L; Ewell-Wice, A; Feng, L; Goeke, R; Greenhill, L J; Hazelton, B J; Herne, D; Hewitt, J N; Hindson, L; Hurley-Walker, H; Jacobs, D; Johnston-Hollitt, M; Kaplan, D L; Kasper, J C; Kincaid, B B; Koenig, R; Kratzenberg, E; Kudryavtseva, N; Lenc, E; Lonsdale, C J; Lynch, M J; McKinley, B; McWhirter, S R; Mitchell, D A; Morales, M F; Morgan, E; Oberoi, D; Offringa, A; Pathikulangara, J; Pindor, B; Prabu, T; Procopio, P; Remillard, R A; Riding, J; Rogers, A E E; Roshi, A; Salah, J E; Sault, R J; Shankar, N Udaya; Srivani, K S; Stevens, J; Subrahmanyan, R; Tingay, S J; Waterson, M; Webster, R L; Whitney, A R; Williams, A; Williams, C L; Wyithe, J S B

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

Correlation of atomic packing with the boson peak in amorphous alloys  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Boson peaks (BP) have been observed from phonon specific heats in 10 studied amorphous alloys. Two Einstein-type vibration modes were proposed in this work and all data can be fitted well. By measuring and analyzing local atomic structures of studied amorphous alloys and 56 reported amorphous alloys, it is found that (a) the BP originates from local harmonic vibration modes associated with the lengths of short-range order (SRO) and medium-range order (MRO) in amorphous alloys, and (b) the atomic packing in amorphous alloys follows a universal scaling law, i.e., the ratios of SRO and MRO lengths to solvent atomic diameter are 3 and 7, respectively, which exact match with length ratios of BP vibration frequencies to Debye frequency for the studied amorphous alloys. This finding provides a new perspective for atomic packing in amorphous materials, and has significant implications for quantitative description of the local atomic orders and understanding the structure-property relationship.

Yang, W. M. [State Key Laboratory for Geomechanics and Deep Underground Engineering, School of Mechanics and Civil Engineering, School of Sciences, China University of Mining and Technology, Xuzhou 221116 (China); Key Laboratory of Magnetic Materials and Devices, Ningbo Institute of Materials Technology and Engineering, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Ningbo 315201 (China); School of Materials Science and Engineering, Southeast University, Nanjing 211189 (China); Liu, H. S., E-mail: liuhaishun@126.com, E-mail: blshen@seu.edu.cn, E-mail: runweili@nimte.ac.cn, E-mail: jiangjz@zju.edu.cn; Zhao, Y. C. [State Key Laboratory for Geomechanics and Deep Underground Engineering, School of Mechanics and Civil Engineering, School of Sciences, China University of Mining and Technology, Xuzhou 221116 (China); Liu, X. J. [State Key Laboratory for Advanced Metals and Materials, University of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing 100083 (China); Chen, G. X.; Man, Q. K.; Chang, C. T.; Li, R. W., E-mail: liuhaishun@126.com, E-mail: blshen@seu.edu.cn, E-mail: runweili@nimte.ac.cn, E-mail: jiangjz@zju.edu.cn [Key Laboratory of Magnetic Materials and Devices, Ningbo Institute of Materials Technology and Engineering, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Ningbo 315201 (China); Dun, C. C. [Department of Physics, Wake Forest University, Winston-Salem, North Carolina 27109 (United States); Shen, B. L., E-mail: liuhaishun@126.com, E-mail: blshen@seu.edu.cn, E-mail: runweili@nimte.ac.cn, E-mail: jiangjz@zju.edu.cn [School of Materials Science and Engineering, Southeast University, Nanjing 211189 (China); Inoue, A. [Key Laboratory of Magnetic Materials and Devices, Ningbo Institute of Materials Technology and Engineering, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Ningbo 315201 (China); WPI Advanced Institute for Materials Research, Tohoku University, Sendai 980-8577 (Japan); and others

2014-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

484

Property:EIA/861/NercSerc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy ResourcesLoadingPenobscot County, Maine:Plug PowerAddressDataFormat JumpNercMro Jump to:

485

Property:Environmental Monitoring and Mitigation Efforts | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy ResourcesLoadingPenobscot County, Maine:Plug PowerAddressDataFormat JumpNercMro Jump

486

Property:FIPS County Code | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy ResourcesLoadingPenobscot County, Maine:Plug PowerAddressDataFormat JumpNercMro Jump Property

487

Property:FacilityStatus | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy ResourcesLoadingPenobscot County, Maine:Plug PowerAddressDataFormat JumpNercMro Jump

488

Property:GeneratingCapacity | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy ResourcesLoadingPenobscot County, Maine:Plug PowerAddressDataFormat JumpNercMro

489

Property:GeographicScope | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

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490

Property:Geothermal/AnnualGenGwhYr | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

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491

Coordination of Retail Demand Response with Midwest ISO Markets  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Organization of Midwest ISO States (OMS) launched the Midwest Demand Resource Initiative (MWDRI) in 2007 to identify barriers to deploying demand response (DR) resources in the Midwest Independent System Operator (MISO) region and develop policies to overcome them. The MWDRI stakeholders decided that a useful initial activity would be to develop more detailed information on existing retail DR programs and dynamic pricing tariffs, program rules, and utility operating practices. This additional detail could then be used to assess any"seams issues" affecting coordination and integration of retail DR resources with MISO's wholesale markets. Working with state regulatory agencies, we conducted a detailed survey of existing DR programs, dynamic pricing tariffs, and their features in MISO states. Utilities were asked to provide information on advance notice requirements to customers, operational triggers used to call events (e.g. system emergencies, market conditions, local emergencies), use of these DR resources to meet planning reserves requirements, DR resource availability (e.g., seasonal, annual), participant incentive structures, and monitoring and verification (M&V) protocols. This report describes the results of this comprehensive survey and discusses policy implications for integrating legacy retail DR programs and dynamic pricing tariffs into organized wholesale markets. Survey responses from 37 MISO members and 4 non-members provided information on 141 DR programs and dynamic pricing tariffs with a peak load reduction potential of 4,727 MW of retail DR resource. Major findings of this study area:- About 72percent of available DR is from interruptible rate tariffs offered to large commercial and industrial customers, while direct load control (DLC) programs account for ~;;18percent. Almost 90percent of the DR resources included in this survey are provided by investor-owned utilities. - Approximately, 90percent of the DR resources are available with less than two hours advance notice and over 1,900 MW can be dispatched on less than thirty minutes notice. These legacy DR programs are increasingly used by utilities for economic in addition to reliability purposes, with over two-thirds (68percent) of these programs callable based on market conditions. - Approximately 60percent of DLC programs and 30percent of interruptible rate programs called ten or more DR events in 2006. Despite the high frequency of DR events, customer complaints remained low. The use of economic criteria to trigger DR events and the flexibility to trigger a large number of events suggests that DR resources can help improve the efficiency of MISO wholesale markets. - Most legacy DR programs offered a reservation payment ($/kW) for participation; incentive payment levels averaged about $5/kW-month for interruptible rate tariffs and $6/kW-month for DLC programs. Few programs offered incentive payments that were explicitly linked to actual load reductions during events and at least 27 DR programs do not have penalties for non-performance. - Measurement and verification (M&V) protocols to estimate load impacts vary significantly across MISO states. Almost half of the DR programs have not been evaluated in recent times and thus performance data for DR events is not available. For many DLC programs, M&V protocols may need to be enhancedin order to allow participation in MISO's proposed EDR schedule. System operators and planners will need to develop more accurate estimates of the load reduced capability and actual performance.

Bharvirkar, Ranjit; Bharvirkar, Ranjit; Goldman, Charles; Heffner, Grayson; Sedano, Richard

2008-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

492

Going nodal is proving neither cheap nor easy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The PJM Interconnection has been successfully using nodal pricing across its vast network to provide generators and customers with superior price signals. The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) has been encouraging other independent system operators to use it. In 2003, the Electric Reliability Council of Texas (ERCOT) decided that it would be a good idea. But the effort to switch, scheduled for completion by the end of 2008, has turned out to be technically challenging and costly. Some officials believe that the nodal process is misguided.

NONE

2008-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

493

Loads Providing Ancillary Services: Review of International Experience  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this study, we examine the arrangements for and experiences of end-use loads providing ancillary services (AS) in five electricity markets: Australia, the United Kingdom (UK), the Nordic market, and the ERCOT and PJM markets in the United States. Our objective in undertaking this review of international experience was to identify specific approaches or market designs that have enabled customer loads to effectively deliver various ancillary services (AS) products. We hope that this report will contribute to the ongoing discussion in the U.S. and elsewhere regarding what institutional and technical developments are needed to ensure that customer loads can meaningfully participate in all wholesale electricity markets.

Heffner, Grayson; Goldman, Charles; Kintner-Meyer, Michael

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

Loads Providing Ancillary Services: Review of InternationalExperience-- Technical Appendix: Market Descriptions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this study, we examine the arrangements for andexperiences of end-use loads providing ancillary services (AS) in fiveelectricity markets: Australia, the United Kingdom (UK), the Nordicmarket, and the ERCOT and PJM markets in the United States. Our objectivein undertaking this review of international experience was to identifyspecific approaches or market designs that have enabled customer loads toeffectively deliver various ancillary services (AS) products. We hopethat this report will contribute to the ongoing discussion in the U.S.and elsewhere regarding what institutional and technical developments areneeded to ensure that customer loads can meaningfully participate in allwholesale electricity markets.

Grayson Heffner, Charles Goldman, Kintner-Meyer, M; Kirby, Brendan

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

495

Observation of spin-wave dispersion in Nd-Fe-B magnets using neutron Brillouin scattering  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The low-energy spin-wave dispersion in polycrystalline Nd-Fe-B magnets was observed using neutron Brillouin scattering (NBS). Low-energy spin-wave excitations for the lowest acoustic spin-wave mode were clearly observed. From the spin-wave dispersion, we were able to determine the spin-wave stiffness constant D{sub sw} (100.0?±?4.9?meV.Å{sup 2}) and the exchange stiffness constant A (6.6 ± 0.3 pJ/m)

Ono, K., E-mail: kanta.ono@kek.jp; Inami, N.; Saito, K.; Takeichi, Y.; Kawana, D.; Yokoo, T.; Itoh, S. [Institute of Materials Structure Science, High Energy Accelerator Research Organization (KEK), Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0801 (Japan); Yano, M.; Shoji, T.; Manabe, A.; Kato, A. [Toyota Motor Corporation, Toyota, Aichi 471-8571 (Japan); Kaneko, Y. [Toyota Central R and D Labs. Inc., Aichi 480-1192 (Japan)

2014-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

496

 

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"Click worksheet9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,,781Title: Telephone:short version)ec 18271 www.pjm.com 2011 EIA

497

 

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"Click worksheet9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,,781Title: Telephone:short version)ec 18271 www.pjm.com 2011 EIA2 1

498

 

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"Click worksheet9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,,781Title: Telephone:short version)ec 18271 www.pjm.com 2011 EIA2 1

499

 

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"Click worksheet9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,,781Title: Telephone:short version)ec 18271 www.pjm.com 2011 EIA2 18)

500

 

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"Click worksheet9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,,781Title: Telephone:short version)ec 18271 www.pjm.com 2011 EIA2