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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "miscellaneous plastic products" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

ISSUANCE 2015-02-03: Energy Efficiency Program for Residential Products: Energy Conservation Standards for Miscellaneous Refrigeration Products, Reopening of Public Comment Period  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Energy Efficiency Program for Residential Products: Energy Conservation Standards for Miscellaneous Refrigeration Products, Reopening of Public Comment Period

2

U.S. Residential Miscellaneous Refrigeration Products: Results from Amazon Mechanical Turk Surveys  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Amazon Mechanical Turk was used, for the first time, to collect statistically representative survey data from U.S. households on the presence, number, type and usage of refrigerators, freezers, and various “miscellaneous” refrigeration products (wine/beverage coolers, residential icemakers and non-vapor compression refrigerators and freezers), along with household and demographic information. Such products have been poorly studied to date, with almost no information available about shipments, stocks, capacities, energy use, etc. A total of 9,981 clean survey responses were obtained from five distinct surveys deployed in 2012. General refrigeration product survey responses were weighted to demographics in the U.S. Energy Information Administration’s Residential Energy Consumption Survey 2009 dataset. Miscellaneous refrigeration product survey responses were weighted according to demographics of product ownership found in the general refrigeration product surveys. Model number matching for a portion of miscellaneous refrigeration product responses allowed validation of refrigeration product characteristics, which enabled more accurate estimates of the penetrations of these products in U.S. households. We estimated that there were 12.3±1.0 million wine/beverage coolers, 5.5(–3.5,+3.2) million residential icemakers and 4.4(–2.7,+2.3) million non-vapor compression refrigerators in U.S. households in 2012. (All numerical results are expressed with ranges indicating the 95% confidence interval.) No evidence was found for the existence of non-vapor compression freezers. Moreover, we found that 15% of wine/beverage coolers used vapor compression cooling technology, while 85% used thermoelectric cooling technology, with the vast majority of thermoelectric units having capacities of less than 30 wine bottles (approximately 3.5 cubic feet). No evidence was found for the existence of wine/beverage coolers with absorption cooling technology. Additionally, we estimated that there were 3.6±1.0 million hybrid refrigerator-wine/beverage coolers and 0.9±0.5 million hybrid freezer-wine/beverage coolers in U.S. households. We also obtained estimates of miscellaneous refrigeration product capacities, lifetimes, purchase and installation costs, repair frequencies and costs, and maintenance costs. For wine/beverage coolers, we also obtained information on the penetration of built-in units, AC/DC operating capability, the use of internal lights, and distributions of door opening frequencies. This information is essential to develop detailed estimates of national energy usage and life-cycle costs, and would be helpful in obtaining information on other plug-load appliances. Additional information not highlighted in the main report was presented in Appendices.

Greenblatt, Jeffery B.; Young, Scott J.; Yang, Hung-Chia; Long, Timothy; Beraki, Bereket; Price, Sarah K.; Pratt, Stacy; Willem, Henry; Desroches, Louis-Benoit

2013-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

3

2014-11-26 Issuance: Test Procedures for Miscellaneous Refrigeration...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

11-26 Issuance: Test Procedures for Miscellaneous Refrigeration Products; Notice of Proposed Rulemaking 2014-11-26 Issuance: Test Procedures for Miscellaneous Refrigeration...

4

Miscellaneous EPA Submittals  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Compliance Miscellaneous EPA Submittals Public Meetings Renewal Application Construction Certifications Corrective Action Storm Water Analytical Period Get updates on LANL...

5

Recent USGS Publications, Information, and Products that may be of interest to Texas Miscellaneous Announcements and Information  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

/9/14 Miscellaneous Announcements and Information NOAA, Partners Predict an Average 'Dead Zone' for Gulf of Mexico://www.usgs.gov/newsroom/article.asp?ID=3916 Austin Coal-Tar Sealant Ban Leads to Decline in PAHs http/usgs_top_story/earth-week-a-tributary-to-water/ Technical Announcement USGS Releases New National Produced Waters Geochemical Database http

Mukhtar, Saqib

6

Inventory of miscellaneous streams  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Miscellaneous streams discharging to the soil column on the Hanford Site are subject to requirements of several milestones identified in Consent Order No. DE 9INM-177 (Ecology and DOE 1991). The Plan and Schedule for Disposition and Regulatory Compliance for Miscellaneous Stream (DOE/RL-93-94) provides a plan and schedule for the disposition of miscellaneous streams to satisfy one of the Section 6.0 requirements of the Consent Order. One of the commitments (Activity 6-2.2) established in the plan and schedule is to annually update, the miscellaneous streams inventory. This document constitutes the 1998 revision of the miscellaneous streams inventory. Miscellaneous stream discharges were grouped into four permitting categories (Table 1). The first miscellaneous streams Permit (ST 4508) was issued May 30, 1997, to cover wastewater discharges from hydrotesting, maintenance, and construction activities. The second miscellaneous streams Permit (ST4509) covers discharges from cooling water and condensate discharges. The third permit application for category three waste streams was eliminated by recategorizing waste streams into an existing miscellaneous streams permit or eliminating stream discharges. Elimination of the third categorical permit application was approved by Ecology in January 1997 (Ecology 1997). The fourth permit application, to cover storm water, is due to Ecology in September 1998. Table 1 provides a history of the miscellaneous streams permitting activities.

Haggard, R.D.

1998-08-14T23:59:59.000Z

7

2014-11-25 Issuance: Energy Conservation Standards for Miscellaneous Refrigeration Products; Notice of Open Meeting and Availability of the Preliminary Technical Support Document  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This document is a pre-publication Federal Register notice of open meeting and availability of the preliminary technical support document regarding energy conservation standards for miscellaneous refrigeration products, as issued by the Deputy Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency on November 25, 2014. Though it is not intended or expected, should any discrepancy occur between the document posted here and the document published in the Federal Register, the Federal Register publication controls. This document is being made available through the Internet solely as a means to facilitate the public's access to this document.

8

Detailed search Miscellaneous  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Search Go Detailed search Miscellaneous Press sources (PhysicsWeb.org) Based on information from press sources (PhysicsWeb.org) Scientific Research; Nuclear Fusion; Renewable Sources of Energy

9

TRANSFORMATION OF PHB AND PHBV GENES DRIVEN BY MAIZE UBIQUITIN PROMOTER INTO OIL PALM FOR THE PRODUCTION OF BIODEGRADABLE PLASTICS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FOR THE PRODUCTION OF BIODEGRADABLE PLASTICS 77 Keywords: biodegradable plastics, oil palm, transgenic, biolistics PALM FOR THE PRODUCTION OF BIODEGRADABLE PLASTICS GHULAM KADIR AHMAD PARVEEZ*; BAHARIAH BOHARI*; NOR value products in their yield. One of the products in great demand is thermoplastics, or biodegradable

Sinskey, Anthony J.

10

Miscellaneous electricity use in U.S. homes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Historically, residential energy and carbon saving efforts have targeted conventional end uses such as water heating, lighting and refrigeration. The emergence of new household appliances has transformed energy use from a few large and easily identifiable end uses into a broad array of ''miscellaneous'' energy services. This group of so called miscellaneous appliances has been a major contributor to growth in electricity demand in the past two decades. We use industry shipment data, lifetimes, and wattage and usage estimates of over 90 individual products to construct a bottom-up end use model (1976-2010). The model is then used to analyze historical and forecasted growth trends, and to identify the largest individual products within the miscellaneous end use. We also use the end use model to identify and analyze policy priorities. Our forecast projects that over the period 1996 to 2010, miscellaneous consumption will increase 115 TWh, accounting for over 90 percent of future residential electricity growth. A large portion of this growth will be due to halogen torchiere lamps and consumer electronics, making these two components of miscellaneous electricity a particularly fertile area for efficiency programs. Approximately 20 percent (40 TWh) of residential miscellaneous electricity is ''leaking electricity'' or energy consumed by appliances when they are not performing their principal function. If the standby power of all appliances with a standby mode is reduced to one watt, the potential energy savings equal 21 TWh/yr, saving roughly $1-2 billion annually.

Sanchez, Marla C.; Koomey, Jonathan G.; Moezzi, Mithra M.; Meier, Alan; Huber, Wolfgang

1999-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

11

Methods for the continuous production of plastic scintillator materials  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Methods for producing plastic scintillating material employing either two major steps (tumble-mix) or a single major step (inline-coloring or inline-doping). Using the two step method, the polymer pellets are mixed with silicone oil, and the mixture is then tumble mixed with the dopants necessary to yield the proper response from the scintillator material. The mixture is then placed in a compounder and compounded in an inert gas atmosphere. The resultant scintillator material is then extruded and pelletized or formed. When only a single step is employed, the polymer pellets and dopants are metered into an inline-coloring extruding system. The mixture is then processed under a inert gas atmosphere, usually argon or nitrogen, to form plastic scintillator material in the form of either scintillator pellets, for subsequent processing, or as material in the direct formation of the final scintillator shape or form.

Bross, Alan (Downers Grove, IL); Pla-Dalmau, Anna (Naperville, IL); Mellott, Kerry (Malta, IL)

1999-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

12

Methods for the continuous production of plastic scintillator materials  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Methods are disclosed for producing plastic scintillating material employing either two major steps (tumble-mix) or a single major step (inline-coloring or inline-doping). Using the two step method, the polymer pellets are mixed with silicone oil, and the mixture is then tumble mixed with the dopants necessary to yield the proper response from the scintillator material. The mixture is then placed in a compounder and compounded in an inert gas atmosphere. The resultant scintillator material is then extruded and pelletized or formed. When only a single step is employed, the polymer pellets and dopants are metered into an inline-coloring extruding system. The mixture is then processed under a inert gas atmosphere, usually argon or nitrogen, to form plastic scintillator material in the form of either scintillator pellets, for subsequent processing, or as material in the direct formation of the final scintillator shape or form.

Bross, A.; Pla-Dalmau, A.; Mellott, K.

1999-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

13

Scale-up and Technology Transfer of Protein-based Plastic Products  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Over the last number of years researchers at ISU have been developing protein based plastics from soybeans, funded by Soy Works Corporation. These materials have been characterized and the processing of these materials into prototype products has been demonstrated. A wide range of net-shape forming processes, including but not limited to extrusion, injection molding and compression molding have been studied. Issues, including technology transfer, re-formulation and product consistency, have been addressed partially during this contract. Also, commercial-scale processing parameters for protein based plastic products were designed, but not yet applicable in the industry. Support in the trouble shooting processing and the manufacturing of protein based plastic products was provided by Iowa State University during the one year contract.

Grewell, David

2008-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

14

Plastics and Rubber Products (2010 MECS) | Department of Energy  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the1 - September 2006Photovoltaic Theory andVelocity Profile DuringLaboratoryPlastics

15

ASL & Plasticity Plasticity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ASL & Plasticity #12;Plasticity Plasticity From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Plasticity has four meanings: · Plasticity (physics): In physics and engineering, plasticity is the propensity of a material to undergo permanent deformation under load. · Phenotypic plasticity: Describes the degree

Coulson, Seana

16

Miscellaneous  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelines AboutDecember 2005 (Thousand9,0,InformationU.S. Crude Oil3 13,,8.1 64.1 4.2 1.8.33.0PEAK

17

Miscellaneous States Coalbed Methane Proved Reserves Revision...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Revision Decreases (Billion Cubic Feet) Miscellaneous States Coalbed Methane Proved Reserves Revision Decreases (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4...

18

Toxic species emissions from controlled combustion of selected rubber and plastic consumer products  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

by the thermal oxidation or pyrolysis of the various chemical species present in the rubber product may remain in the ash once the material has burned, or be given off as smoke particulates or gases during incineration. The partitioning of contaminants... airborne or ash phase) when selected plastics or rubberized materials undergo controlled combustion. The results are indicative of what can occur in municipal incinerators or as a result of residential or industrial Ares or the intentional burning...

Caraballo, Simon A.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Wireless Electricity Metering of Miscellaneous and Electronic Devices in Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Wireless Electricity Metering of Miscellaneous and Electronic Devices in Buildings, University of California, Berkeley, USA Abstract- Miscellaneous and electronic devices hundreds of miscellaneous and electronic devices where metered for several months

Culler, David E.

20

Miscellaneous States Coalbed Methane Proved Reserves Adjustments...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Adjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Miscellaneous States Coalbed Methane Proved Reserves Adjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "miscellaneous plastic products" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Authorization basis status report (miscellaneous TWRS facilities, tanks and components)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report presents the results of a systematic evaluation conducted to identify miscellaneous TWRS facilities, tanks and components with potential needed authorization basis upgrades. It provides the Authorization Basis upgrade plan for those miscellaneous TWRS facilities, tanks and components identified.

Stickney, R.G.

1998-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

22

MISCELLANEOUS ELECTRICITY USE IN THE U.S. RESIDENTIAL SECTOR  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LBNL-40295 UC-1600 MISCELLANEOUS ELECTRICITY USE IN THE U.S. RESIDENTIAL SECTOR M. C. Sanchez, J. G-up model of the miscellaneous electricity end use. Using shipment data and a consistent stock accounting-2010). Our study has two components: a historical analysis of miscellaneous electricity use (1976- 1995

23

Plastic Bronchitis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

al. Three children with plastic bronchitis associated within E mergency M edicine Plastic Bronchitis Annie Quysner, MDElshami AA, Kang DS, et al. Plastic Bronchitis. Eur Resp J

Quysner, Annie; Surani, Salim; Roberts, Daniel

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Evaluation of Miscellaneous and Electronic Device Energy Use in Hospitals  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Evaluation of Miscellaneous and Electronic Device Energy Use in Hospitals Douglas R and Electronic Device Energy Use in Hospitals Douglas R. Black*, Steven M. Lanzisera, Judy Lai, Richard E. Brown@lbl.gov, REBrown@lbl.gov, and BCSinger@lbl.gov *Corresponding Author Abstract: Miscellaneous and electronic loads

25

Biodegradable Products Institute is an organization that certifies that so-called "biodegradable" plastic products will safely break down in a typical commercial composting facility. www.bpiworld.org.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.green-e.org. Greenguard is a nonprofit organization that certifies products that impact indoor air quality. Find productsEco-Labels Biodegradable Products Institute is an organization that certifies that so-called "biodegradable" plastic products will safely break down in a typical commercial composting facility. www

Escher, Christine

26

Plasmonic Metasurfaces for Coloration of Plastic Consumer Products Jeppe S. Clausen,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in a single product is both costly and limits the possibilities for recycling as separation of the different materials in a given product and it provides new perspectives for recycling and sustainability. Various high-loss dielectrics on top of metal have led to bright colors.5 The works on plasmonic colors have

Levy, Uriel

27

Assessing and Reducing Miscellaneous Electric Loads (MELs) in Lodging  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Miscellaneous electric loads (MELs) are the loads outside of a building's core functions of heating, ventilating, air conditioning, lighting, and water heating. This report reviews methods to reduce MELs in lodging.

Rauch, Emily M.

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Appliances, Lighting, Electronics, and Miscellaneous Equipment Electricity Use in New Homes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

62440 Appliances, Lighting, Electronics, and Miscellaneousof California. Appliances, Lighting, Electronics, anduses (appliances, lighting, electronics, and miscellaneous

Brown, Richard E.; Rittelman, William; Parker, Danny; Homan, Gregory

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

Extruded plastic scintillation detectors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As a way to lower the cost of plastic scintillation detectors, commercially available polystyrene pellets have been used in the production of scintillating materials that can be extruded into different profiles. The selection of the raw materials is discussed. Two techniques to add wavelength shifting dopants to polystyrene pellets and to extrude plastic scintillating strips are described. Data on light yield and transmittance measurements are presented.

Anna Pla-Dalmau, Alan D. Bross and Kerry L. Mellott

1999-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

30

,"Miscellaneous Coalbed Methane Proved Reserves, Reserves Changes...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Coalbed Methane Proved Reserves, Reserves Changes, and Production" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Late...

31

Appliances, Lighting, Electronics, and Miscellaneous Equipment Electricity Use in New Homes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

online: www.eia.doe.gov/cneaf/electricity/esr/esr_sum.html.Miscellaneous Equipment Electricity Use in New Homes RichardMiscellaneous Equipment Electricity Use in New Homes Richard

Brown, Richard E.; Rittelman, William; Parker, Danny; Homan, Gregory

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

OMB No. 1510-0056 ACH VENDOR/MISCELLANEOUS PAYMENT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

OMB No. 1510-0056 ACH VENDOR/MISCELLANEOUS PAYMENT ENROLLMENT FORM This form is used processed through the Vendor Express Program. Recipients of these payments should bring this information will be used by the Treasury Department to transmit payment data, by electronic means to vendor's financial

33

Miscellaneous Paper A-95-1 US Army Corps  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Induced Stress in Submerse ·Aquatic Plants: A Review by Susan L. Sprecher, Michael D. Netherland in Submersed Aquatic Plants: A Review by Susan L. Sprecher, Michael D. Netherland U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. Netherland; pre pared for U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. 41 p. : ill. ; 28 em. - (Miscellaneous paper; A-95

US Army Corps of Engineers

34

Using Wireless Power Meters to Measure Energy Use of Miscellaneous and Electronic Devices in Buildings  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Miscellaneous and electronic devices consume about one-third of the primary energy used in U.S. buildings, and their energy use is increasing faster than other end-uses. Despite the success of policies, such as Energy Star, that promote more efficient miscellaneous and electronic products, much remains to be done to address the energy use of these devices if we are to achieve our energy and carbon reduction goals. Developing efficiency strategies for these products depends on better data about their actual usage, but very few studies have collected field data on the long-term energy used by a large sample of devices due to the difficulty and expense of collecting device-level energy data. This paper describes the development of an improved method for collecting device-level energy and power data using small, relatively inexpensive wireless power meters. These meters form a mesh network based on Internet standard protocols and can form networks of hundreds of metering points in a single building. Because the meters are relatively inexpensive and do not require manual data downloading, they can be left in the field for months or years to collect long time-series energy use data. In addition to the metering technology, we also describe a field protocol used to collect comprehensive, robust data on the miscellaneous and electronic devices in a building. The paper presents sample results from several case study buildings, in which all the plug-in devices for several homes were metered, and a representative sample of several hundred plug-in devices in a commercial office building were metered for several months.

UC Berkeley, Berkeley, CA USA; Brown, Richard; Lanzisera, Steven; Cheung, Hoi Ying (Iris); Lai, Judy; Jiang, Xiaofan; Dawson-Haggerty, Stephen; Taneja, Jay; Ortiz, Jorge; Culler, David

2011-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

35

Miscellaneous Shale Gas Proved Reserves, Reserves Changes, and Production  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelines About U.S.30Natural Gas Glossary529 6330 04 19 15 15Thousand CubicYear46 4722 35 42724

36

Miscellaneous States Dry Natural Gas Expected Future Production (Billion  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia,(Million Barrels) Crude Oil Reserves in Nonproducing Reservoirs Year2per Thousand CubicYear Jan FebBarrels)Cubic

37

Miscellaneous States Natural Gas Plant Liquids, Expected Future Production  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia,(Million Barrels) Crude Oil Reserves in Nonproducing Reservoirs Year2per Thousand CubicYear Jan(Million Barrels)

38

Miscellaneous States Natural Gas Plant Liquids, Reserves Based Production  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelines About U.S.30 2013 Macroeconomic team: Kay6 Kentucky - NaturalBarrels)(Million(Million

39

EPDM plasticizers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The properties of paraffinic, naphthenic, and aromatic extender oils used as EPDM plasticizers are discussed in detail. Particular attention is given to viscosity, volatility, specific gravity, and aromatic content.

Godail, M.J.

1983-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Process for remediation of plastic waste  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A single step process for degrading plastic waste by converting the plastic waste into carbonaceous products via thermal decomposition of the plastic waste by placing the plastic waste into a reactor, heating the plastic waste under an inert or air atmosphere until the temperature of about 700.degree. C. is achieved, allowing the reactor to cool down, and recovering the resulting decomposition products therefrom. The decomposition products that this process yields are carbonaceous materials, and more specifically carbon nanotubes having a partially filled core (encapsulated) adjacent to one end of the nanotube. Additionally, in the presence of a transition metal compound, this thermal decomposition process produces multi-walled carbon nanotubes.

Pol, Vilas G; Thiyagarajan, Pappannan

2013-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "miscellaneous plastic products" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Process for remediation of plastic waste  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A single step process for degrading plastic waste by converting the plastic waste into carbonaceous products via thermal decomposition of the plastic waste by placing the plastic waste into a reactor, heating the plastic waste under an inert or air atmosphere until the temperature of 700.degree. C. is achieved, allowing the reactor to cool down, and recovering the resulting decomposition products therefrom. The decomposition products that this process yields are carbonaceous materials, and more specifically egg-shaped and spherical-shaped solid carbons. Additionally, in the presence of a transition metal compound, this thermal decomposition process produces multi-walled carbon nanotubes.

Pol, Vilas G. (Westmont, IL); Thiyagarajan, Pappannan (Germantown, MD)

2012-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

42

Evaluation of Miscellaneous and Electronic Device Energy Use in Hospitals  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Miscellaneous and electronic loads (MELs) consume about one-thirdof the primary energy used in US buildings, and their energy use is increasing faster than other end-uses. In healthcare facilities, 30percent of the annual electricity was used by MELs in 2008. This paper presents methods and challenges for estimating medical MELs energy consumption along with estimates of energy use in a hospital by combining device-level metered data with inventories and usage information. An important finding is that common, small devices consume large amounts of energy in aggregate and should not be ignored when trying to address hospital energy use.

Black, Douglas R.; Lanzisera, Steven M.; Lai, Judy; Brown, Richard E.; Singer, Brett C.

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

E-Print Network 3.0 - altitudes miscellaneous amendments Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Services, and Payments... MISCELLANEOUS SERVICES, AND PAYMENTS TO NONRESIDENT ALIENS A. PAYMENT FOR INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY, ... Source: Hewins, Roger H.- Department of...

44

Building America System Research Plan for Reduction of Miscellaneous Electrical Loads in Zero Energy Homes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This research plan describes the overall scope of system research that is needed to reduce miscellaneous electrical loads (MEL) in future net zero energy homes.

Barley, C. D.; Haley, C.; Anderson, R.; Pratsch, L.

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Detailed Energy Data Collection for Miscellaneous and Electronic Loads in a Commercial Office Building  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Detailed Energy Data Collection for Miscellaneous and Electronic Loads in a Commercial Office Miscellaneous and electronic loads (MELs) consume about 20% of the primary energy used in U.S. buildings and accurate data to inform MELs energy use. Introduction Background Buildings account for 40% of the total

Culler, David E.

46

After-hours Power Status of Office Equipment and Inventory of Miscellaneous Plug-load Equipment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This research was conducted in support of two branches of the EPA ENERGY STAR program, whose overall goal is to reduce, through voluntary market-based means, the amount of carbon dioxide emitted in the U.S. The primary objective was to collect data for the ENERGY STAR Office Equipment program on the after-hours power state of computers, monitors, printers, copiers, scanners, fax machines, and multi-function devices. We also collected data for the ENERGY STAR Commercial Buildings branch on the types and amounts of ''miscellaneous'' plug-load equipment, a significant and growing end use that is not usually accounted for by building energy managers. This data set is the first of its kind that we know of, and is an important first step in characterizing miscellaneous plug loads in commercial buildings. The main purpose of this study is to supplement and update previous data we collected on the extent to which electronic office equipment is turned off or automatically enters a low power state when not in active use. In addition, it provides data on numbers and types of office equipment, and helps identify trends in office equipment usage patterns. These data improve our estimates of typical unit energy consumption and savings for each equipment type, and enables the ENERGY STAR Office Equipment program to focus future effort on products with the highest energy savings potential. This study expands our previous sample of office buildings in California and Washington DC to include education and health care facilities, and buildings in other states. We report data from twelve commercial buildings in California, Georgia, and Pennsylvania: two health care buildings, two large offices (> 500 employees each), three medium offices (50-500 employees), four education buildings, and one ''small office'' that is actually an aggregate of five small businesses. Two buildings are in the San Francisco Bay area of California, five are in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, and five are in Atlanta, Georgia.

Roberson, Judy A.; Webber, Carrie A.; McWhinney, Marla C.; Brown, Richard E.; Pinckard, Margaret J.; Busch, John F.

2004-01-22T23:59:59.000Z

47

Extruding plastic scintillator at Fermilab  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An understanding of the costs involved in the production of plastic scintillators and the development of a less expensive material have become necessary with the prospects of building very large plastic scintillation detectors. Several factors contribute to the high cost of plastic scintillating sheets, but the principal reason is the labor-intensive nature of the manufacturing process. In order to significantly lower the costs, the current casting procedures had to be abandoned. Since polystyrene is widely used in the consumer industry, the logical path was to investigate the extrusion of commercial-grade polystyrene pellets with dopants to yield high quality plastic scintillator. This concept was tested and high quality extruded plastic scintillator was produced. The D0 and MINOS experiments are already using extruded scintillator strips in their detectors. An extrusion line has recently been installed at Fermilab in collaboration with NICADD (Northern Illinois Center for Accelerator and Detector Development). This new facility will serve to further develop and improve extruded plastic scintillator. This paper will discuss the characteristics of extruded plastic scintillator and its raw materials, the different manufacturing techniques and the current R&D program at Fermilab.

Anna Pla-Dalmau; Alan D. Bross; Victor V. Rykalin

2003-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

48

Plastic Recycling Toter -ORANGE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

microfuge tubes - beakers - flasks - bottles - jars - Plastic disposable pipettes with cotton plugsPlastic Recycling Toter - ORANGE Glass Recycling Toter - TEAL Garbage Yellow sharps container Categories - All Plastic except Styrofoam - rinsed 3 times - may have contained Biohazard level 1 bacteria

Toronto, University of

49

After-hours power status of office equipment and energy use of miscellaneous plug-load equipment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This research was conducted in support of two branches of the EPA ENERGY STAR program, whose overall goal is to reduce, through voluntary market-based means, the amount of carbon dioxide emitted in the U.S. The primary objective was to collect data for the ENERGY STAR Office Equipment program on the after-hours power state of computers, monitors, printers, copiers, scanners, fax machines, and multi-function devices. We also collected data for the ENERGY STAR Commercial Buildings branch on the types and amounts of miscellaneous plug-load equipment, a significant and growing end use that is not usually accounted for by building energy managers. For most types of miscellaneous equipment, we also estimated typical unit energy consumption in order to estimate total energy consumption of the miscellaneous devices within our sample. This data set is the first of its kind that we know of, and is an important first step in characterizing miscellaneous plug loads in commercial buildings. The main purpose of this study is to supplement and update previous data we collected on the extent to which electronic office equipment is turned off or automatically enters a low power state when not in active use. In addition, it provides data on numbers and types of office equipment, and helps identify trends in office equipment usage patterns. These data improve our estimates of typical unit energy consumption and savings for each equipment type, and enables the ENERGY STAR Office Equipment program to focus future effort on products with the highest energy savings potential. This study expands our previous sample of office buildings in California and Washington DC to include education and health care facilities, and buildings in other states. We report data from sixteen commercial buildings in California, Georgia, and Pennsylvania: four education buildings, two medical buildings, two large offices (> 500 employees each), three medium offices (50-500 employees each), and five small business offices (< 50 employees each). Two buildings are in the San Francisco Bay are a of California, nine (including the five small businesses) are in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, and five are in Atlanta, Georgia.

Roberson, Judy A.; Webber, Carrie A.; McWhinney, Marla C.; Brown, Richard E.; Pinckard, Marageret J.; Busch, John F.

2004-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

50

Sem. Chemistry Materials Science Electrical Engineering Miscellaneous CP Introduction to General Chemistry,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sem. Chemistry Materials Science Electrical Engineering Miscellaneous CP Introduction to General Chemistry, Laboratory Practice (Precourse) Physical Chemistry (4 CP) Introductory Engineering (5 CP) Organic & Inorganic Materials Chemistry (4 CP) Energy Science and Technology I (5 CP) Surfaces/Interfaces/ Heterogen

Pfeifer, Holger

51

Miscellaneous Electricity Services in the Buildings Sector (released in AEO2007)  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

Residential and commercial electricity consumption for miscellaneous services has grown significantly in recent years and currently accounts for more electricity use than any single major end-use service in either sector (including space heating, space cooling, water heating, and lighting). In the residential sector, a proliferation of consumer electronics and information technology equipment has driven much of the growth. In the commercial sector, telecommunications and network equipment and new advances in medical imaging have contributed to recent growth in miscellaneous electricity use.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Monitoring and Characterization of Miscellaneous Electrical Loads in a Large Retail Environment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Buildings account for 40% of primary energy consumption in the United States (residential 22%; commercial 18%). Most (70% residential and 79% commercial) is used as electricity. Thus, almost 30% of U.S. primary energy is used to provide electricity to buildings. Plug loads play an increasingly critical role in reducing energy use in new buildings (because of their increased efficiency requirements), and in existing buildings (as a significant energy savings opportunity). If all installed commercial building miscellaneous electrical loads (CMELs) were replaced with energy-efficient equipment, a potential annual energy saving of 175 TWh, or 35% of the 504 TWh annual energy use devoted to MELs, could be achieved. This energy saving is equivalent to the annual energy production of 14 average-sized nuclear power plants. To meet DOE's long-term goals of reducing commercial building energy use and carbon emissions, the energy efficiency community must better understand the components and drivers of CMEL energy use, and develop effective reduction strategies. These goals can be facilitated through improved data collection and monitoring methodologies, and evaluation of CMELs energy-saving techniques.

Gentile-Polese, L.; Frank, S.; Sheppy, M.; Lobato, C.; Rader, E.; Smith, J.; Long, N.

2014-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Sol-gel antireflective coating on plastics  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An antireflection film made from a reliquified sol-gel hydrolyzation, condensation polymeric reaction product of a silicon, alkoxides and/or metal alkoxides, or mixtures thereof. The film is particularly useful for coating plastics.

Ashley, Carol S. (Albuquerque, NM); Reed, Scott T. (Albuquerque, NM)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Sol-gel antireflective coating on plastics  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An antireflection film made from reliquified sol-gel hydrolyzation, condensation polymeric reaction product of a silicon, alkoxides and/or metal alkoxides, or mixtures thereof. The film is particularly useful for coating plastics.

Ashley, C.S.; Reed, S.T.

1988-01-26T23:59:59.000Z

55

area plastic scintillator: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

lower the cost of plastic scintillation detectors, commercially available polystyrene pellets have been used in the production of scintillating materials that can be extruded into...

56

affecting plastic instability: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

can be resistant to chemicals. Consider all of the cleaning products that are packaged in plastic containers. 2. Polymers can be both thermal and electrical insulators. Thermal...

57

activated plastic flow: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

can be resistant to chemicals. Consider all of the cleaning products that are packaged in plastic containers. 2. Polymers can be both thermal and electrical insulators. Thermal...

58

axonal plasticity elicits: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

can be resistant to chemicals. Consider all of the cleaning products that are packaged in plastic containers. 2. Polymers can be both thermal and electrical insulators. Thermal...

59

Plastic explosives Mike Hopkins  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Plastic explosives Mike Hill Mike Hopkins Doug Ravenel What this talk is about The poster The HHRH The reduced E4 -term 1.1 Plastic explosives: A C4 analog of the Kervaire invariant calculation Conference of Virginia Mike Hopkins Harvard University Doug Ravenel University of Rochester #12;Plastic explosives Mike

Ravenel, Douglas

60

Polycrystal Plasticity -Multiple Slip"  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Polycrystal Plasticity - Multiple Slip" 27-750 Texture, Microstructure & Anisotropy A.D. Rollett;2 Objective" The objective of this lecture is to show how plastic deformation in polycrystals requires of Los Alamos polycrystal plasticity, LApp; also the Viscoplastic Selfconsistent code, VPSC; also

Rollett, Anthony D.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "miscellaneous plastic products" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

H2A Delivery Miscellaneous Costs and H2 Losses  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FACTOR Large-Scale Forecourt New Old New Old Photos courtesy of4% 12% 5% 6.5% Praxair and Air Products10

62

Page 1 of 2 Rev. 7/05 Request for Alien Information for Miscellaneous Income Payments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Page 1 of 2 Rev. 7/05 Request for Alien Information for Miscellaneous Income Payments IMPORTANT ­ Request for Alien Information is used to obtain basic taxpayer information for aliens. Part 2 for Alien Information: *Payee's Social Security Number or Individual Tax Identification Number

Krovi, Venkat

63

Detailed Energy Data Collection for Miscellaneous and Electronic Loads in a  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Background Buildings account for 40% of the total primary energy consumption in the U.S., with 22% consumed% of the primary energy used in U.S. buildings, and this share is projected to increase for the foreseeable futureLBNL-6192E Detailed Energy Data Collection for Miscellaneous and Electronic Loads in a Commercial

64

Methods for detailed energy data collection of miscellaneous and electronic loads in a commercial office building  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Methods for detailed energy data collection of miscellaneous and electronic loads in a commercial and electronic loads (MELs) consume about 20% of the primary energy used in U.S. buildings, and this share Buildings account for 40% of the total primary energy con- sumption in the U.S., with 22% consumed

California at Berkeley, University of

65

Plan and schedule for disposition and regulatory compliance for miscellaneous streams. Revision 1  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

On December 23, 1991, the U.S. Department of Energy, Richland Operations Office (RL) and the Washington State Department of Ecology (Ecology) agreed to adhere to the provisions of Department of Ecology Consent Order No. DE 91NM-177 (Consent Order). The Consent Order lists regulatory milestones for liquid effluent streams at the Hanford Site to comply with the permitting requirements of Washington Administrative Code (WAC) 173-216 (State Waste Discharge Permit Program) or WAC 173-218 (Washington Underground Injection Control Program) where applicable. Hanford Site liquid effluent streams discharging to the soil column have been categorized in the Consent Order as follows: Phase I Streams Phase II Streams Miscellaneous Streams. Phase I and Phase II Streams are addressed in two RL reports: {open_quotes}Plan and Schedule to Discontinue Disposal of Contaminated Liquids into the Soil Column at the Hanford Site{close_quotes} (DOE-RL 1987), and {open_quotes}Annual Status of the Report of the Plan and Schedule to Discontinue Disposal of Contaminated Liquids into the Soil Column at the Hanford Site{close_quotes}. Miscellaneous Streams are those liquid effluent streams discharged to the ground that are not categorized as Phase I or Phase II Streams. Miscellaneous Streams discharging to the soil column at the Hanford Site are subject to the requirements of several milestones identified in the Consent Order. This document provides a plan and schedule for the disposition of Miscellaneous Streams. The disposition process for the Miscellaneous Streams is facilitated using a decision tree format. The decision tree and corresponding analysis for determining appropriate disposition of these streams is presented in this document.

NONE

1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

2013 PLASTIC SURGERY VISITING PROFESSOR  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2013 PLASTIC SURGERY VISITING PROFESSOR Dr. Mutaz B. Habal June 6, 2013 McGill University Division of Plastic Surgery 2013 PLASTIC SURGERY VISITING PROFESSOR Special thanks to our sponsors: Representative: Katherine Marchand Canadian Association of Plastic Surgeons Educational Foundation Division of Plastic

Shoubridge, Eric

67

Recovery of fissile materials from plutonium residues, miscellaneous spent nuclear fuel, and uranium fissile wastes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A new process is proposed that converts complex feeds containing fissile materials into a chemical form that allows the use of existing technologies (such as PUREX and ion exchange) to recover the fissile materials and convert the resultant wastes to glass. Potential feed materials include (1) plutonium scrap and residue, (2) miscellaneous spent nuclear fuel, and (3) uranium fissile wastes. The initial feed materials may contain mixtures of metals, ceramics, amorphous solids, halides, and organics. 14 refs., 4 figs.

Forsberg, C.W.

1997-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Supplement 21, Part 5, Parasite-Subject Catalogue, Parasites: Arthropoda And Miscellaneous Phyla  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

? ' ? INDEX-CATALOGUE OF MEDICAL AND VETERINARY ZOOLOGY SUPPLEMENT 21, PART 5 PARASITE-SUBJECT CATALOGUE PARASITES: ARTHROPODA AND MISCELLANEOUS PHYLA By SHIRLEY J. EDWARDS, In Charge MARTHA W. HOOD, Zoologist JUDITH H. SHAW, Zoologist JANE D.... RAYBURN, Technical Information Specialist MARGIE D. KIRBY, Technical Information Specialist DEBORAH T. HANFMAN, Biological Laboratory Technician JUDITH A. ZIDAR, Technical Information Specialist UNITED STATES PREPARED BY UJ DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE...

Zidar, Judith A.; Shaw, Judith H.; Hanfman, Deborah T.; Kirby, Margie D.; Rayburn, Jane D.; Edwards, Shirley J.; Hood, Martha W.

1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

LINEARIZED PLASTICITY IS THE EVOLUTIONARY -LIMIT OF FINITE PLASTICITY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LINEARIZED PLASTICITY IS THE EVOLUTIONARY -LIMIT OF FINITE PLASTICITY ALEXANDER MIELKE AND ULISSE in plasticity. By taking the small-deformations limit, we prove via -convergence for rate-independent processes plastic evolution by means of a deli- cate recovery sequence construction relating energy and dissipation

Stefanelli, Ulisse

70

The Plastic Ocean Michael Gonsior  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Plastic Ocean Michael Gonsior Bonnie Monteleone, William Cooper, Jennifer O'Keefe, Pamela Seaton, and Maureen Conte #12;#12;#12;Plastic does not biodegrade it photo-degrades breaking down is the plastic cheese wrap? Unfortunately, marine creatures mistake plastics in the ocean for food #12

Boynton, Walter R.

71

4. pi. physics with the plastic ball  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

4 ..pi.. data taken with the Plastic Ball show that cluster production in relativistic nuclear collisions depends on both the size of the participant volume and the finite size of the cluster. The measurement of the degree of thermalization and the search for collective flow will permit the study of the applicability of macroscopic concepts such as temperature and density.

Gutbrod, H.H.; Loehner, H.; Poskanzer, A.M.; Renner, T.; Riedesel, H.; Ritter, H.G.; Warwick, A.; Weik, F.; Wieman, H.

1982-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

U.S. Residential Miscellaneous Refrigeration Products: Results from Amazon Mechanical Turk Surveys  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy Outlook 2012 estimate of 116.1 million households (EIA, 2012), the number of households with wine/

Greenblatt, Jeffery B.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Electronics Come of Age: A Taxonomy for Miscellaneous and Low Power Products  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

heating, point of use tank Traditional End Uses HVAC Lighting, residential Air conditioning, central Air conditioning, heat pump

Nordman, Bruce; Sanchez, Marla C.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

U.S. Residential Miscellaneous Refrigeration Products: Results from Amazon Mechanical Turk Surveys  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

vapor compression refrigerators and freezers), along withthe number of refrigerators and freezers in a home alongcompression refrigerators and freezers) in U.S. households.

Greenblatt, Jeffery B.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Electronics Come of Age: A Taxonomy for Miscellaneous and Low Power Products  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

central Air conditioning, heat pump Air conditioning, room/unit — any fuel type), central air conditioning, heat pumpair conditioner (room or wall unit) Tank units (electric, gas, heat pump,

Nordman, Bruce; Sanchez, Marla C.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

,"Miscellaneous States Dry Natural Gas Expected Future Production (Billion Cubic Feet)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS Codes; Column: EnergyShale Proved Reserves (Billion Cubic Feet)"ShaleCoalbed Methane Proved ReservesDry Natural

77

,"Miscellaneous States Natural Gas Plant Liquids, Expected Future Production (Million Barrels)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS Codes; Column: EnergyShale Proved Reserves (Billion Cubic Feet)"ShaleCoalbed Methane Proved ReservesDryPlant

78

2015-03-26: Miscellaneous Refrigeration Products; Notice of Intent to  

Energy Savers [EERE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustionImprovement3 Beryllium-Associated Worker2014 HouseCoveredAirDepartment ofof04of50Establish an

79

Researchers at the University of Alicante develop a method for recycling plastic with printed ink  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Researchers at the University of Alicante develop a method for recycling plastic with printed ink printed ink on plastic films used in flexible packaging getting a product free from ink and suitable Group, allows the removal of printed ink through a physical-chemical treatment and retrieves the plastic

Escolano, Francisco

80

Miscellaneous Analyses.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. The am ount o f c lay in the ? black w axy" is shown by tlie con ten t Of alum ina to be greater than that in tlie sandy loam . T lie soil from E l Paso was selected from a field in tended for the grow th of fru it trees. CLAYS. The exam... ination o f these was made for a com pany that expected to ex trac t the m etal a lum inum from clay . Complete analyses were made in on ly a few eases; since the alum ina and lim e were the two principal in ? gred ien ts wanted , other...

Adriance, Duncan; Tilson, P. S.; Harrington, H. H.

1895-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "miscellaneous plastic products" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

MISCELLANEOUS PAPER S71-17 EARTHQUAKE RESISTANCE OF EARTH AND ROCK-FILL DAMS  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarlyEnergyDepartment ofDepartment ofof EnergyYou$0.C. 20545*. . : '*I_ - I _ _MISCELLANEOUS PAPER

82

H2A Delivery: Miscellaneous Cost and H2 Losses | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-UpHeatMulti-Dimensional Subject:Ground Source Heat2GuidelinesMiscellaneous Cost and H2

83

Scale Effects in Crystal Plasticity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The goal of this research work is to further the understanding of crystal plasticity, particularly at reduced structural and material length scales. Fundamental understanding of plasticity is central to various challenges facing design...

Padubidri Janardhanachar, Guruprasad

2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

84

Nottingham Trent University Plastic Recycling  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

5015/03/08 Nottingham Trent University Plastic Recycling Water and fizzy drinks bottles Contaminated plastic (food, fluids, etc.) Oil containers Toxic chemical containers Metal strips or fasteners Carrier bags and bin liners Margarine tubs, wall coverings Yoghurt pots, egg cartons, plastic packaging

Evans, Paul

85

Adaptive Plasticity and Plasticity as an Adaptation: A Selective Review of Plasticity in Animal Morphology and Life History  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Adaptive Plasticity and Plasticity as an Adaptation: A Selective Review of Plasticity in Animal wide-ranging. All key REVIEW references should be cited. A summary is required. Adaptive plasticity and plasticity as an adaptation: a selective review of plasticity in animal morphology and life history Karl

Gotthard, Karl

86

By-Products Utilization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in a variety of rubber and plastic products, thermal incineration of waste tires for production of electricity rubber in asphalt mixes, (ii) thermal incineration of worn-out tires for the production of electricity

Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

87

ACH VENDOR/MISCELLANEOUS PAYMENT OMB No. 1510-056 ENROLLMENT FORM Expiration Date 06/30/93  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ACH VENDOR/MISCELLANEOUS PAYMENT OMB No. 1510-056 ENROLLMENT FORM Expiration Date 06 related information processed through the Vendor Express Program Recipients of these payments should bring means to vendor's financial institution. Failure to provide the requested information may delay

Torgersen, Christian

88

Photoconversion of gasified organic materials into biologically-degradable plastics  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A process is described for converting organic materials (such as biomass wastes) into a bioplastic suitable for use as a biodegradable plastic. In a preferred embodiment the process involves thermally gasifying the organic material into primarily carbon monoxide and hydrogen, followed by photosynthetic bacterial assimilation of the gases into cell material. The process is ideally suited for waste recycling and for production of useful biodegradable plastic polymer.

Weaver, Paul F. (Golden, CO); Maness, Pin-Ching (Golden, CO)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Photoconversion of gasified organic materials into biologically-degradable plastics  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A process is described for converting organic materials (such as biomass wastes) into a bioplastic suitable for use as a biodegradable plastic. In a preferred embodiment the process involves thermally gasifying the organic material into primarily carbon monoxide and hydrogen, followed by photosynthetic bacterial assimilation of the gases into cell material. The process is ideally suited for waste recycling and for production of useful biodegradable plastic polymer. 3 figures.

Weaver, P.F.; Pinching Maness.

1993-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

90

Redesigning Process Cooling Systems in the Plastics Industry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

towers during the winter. Lifetime’s electric provider, Utah Power, manages a demand side management program (DSM) and hired etc Group, Inc to evaluate the cooling systems for potential energy efficiency improvements. etc Group, Inc and Lifetime... basketball systems in 1973 and became Lifetime Products in 1986. Lifetime introduced the first blow-molded plastic table in 1995. In the 120,000 square foot Clearfield, UT facility discussed in this paper, Lifetime blow molds plastic folding tables...

Anderson, G. R.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Retrofit for Plastic Resin Driers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

RETROFIT FOR PLASTIC RESIN DRIERS BABU JOSEPH PH.D. Supervising Engineer Southern California Edison Company, Irwindale, California GEORGE THURO Thuro, & Associates, Costa Mesa, California Plastic resins used in injection molding have... installation of dew point meters and a programmable controller to tailor the regeneration cycle to the required dew point temperature. Background It was estimated that there are about 450 plastic processors in the Southern California Edison service...

Joseph, B.; Thuro, G.

92

Waste Toolkit A-Z Plastic bags  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Waste Toolkit A-Z Plastic bags Can I recycle plastic bags? No. At the moment you can't recycle plastic bags in the University recycling. Instead, choose alternatives to plastic bags when shopping have to use a cotton bag 131 times to ensure it has lower global warming potential than a plastic

Melham, Tom

93

Waste Toolkit A-Z Plastic Grundon  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Waste Toolkit A-Z Plastic ­ Grundon Also see `Swap Shop' and `Office Recycling ­ Grundon' in the Waste Toolkit A-Z How can I recycle plastic? There are lots of different types of plastic. Typically, waste contractors can only recycle PETE plastic and HDPE plastic. The University's preferred waste

Melham, Tom

94

PLASTIC PORT NON-CONDUCTIVE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PIN NO. 1 INDICATOR 81 3 5 2 4 6 7 CONDUCTIVE PLASTIC PORT NON-CONDUCTIVE PLASTIC HOUSING Description The conductive port option for the Low Cost Miniature Link component family consists of a grounding path from the conductive port to four grounding pins as shown in the package outline drawing

Berns, Hans-Gerd

95

FIRST EXPERIMENTS WITH THE PLASTIC BALL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FIRST EXPERIMENTS WITH THE PLASTIC BALL H.H. Gutbrod, A.scheme for one module Plastic Soil Response (based on protonS Ropidity ——» Fig. 3. Plastic Ball acceptance in the plane

Gutbrod, H.H.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

PLASTIC DEFORMATIONPLASTIC DEFORMATION Modes of Deformation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PLASTIC DEFORMATIONPLASTIC DEFORMATION Modes of Deformation The Uniaxial Tension Test Mechanisms underlying Plastic Deformation Strengthening mechanisms Mechanical Metallurgy George E Dieter McClick here to know about all the mechanisms by which materials fail #12;Slip (Dislocation motion) Plastic

Subramaniam, Anandh

97

DIVISION 6 -WOOD AND PLASTICS 06000 GENERAL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DIVISION 6 - WOOD AND PLASTICS ________________________________________________________________________ 06000 GENERAL 1. For both woods and plastics, special attention is called to matters of flame spread-dried. 3. For exterior wood or plastic framed structures, see Division 4 for dimensions of Sample Panel

98

Developmental Plasticity Links Local Adaptation and Evolutionary  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Developmental Plasticity Links Local Adaptation and Evolutionary Diversification in Foraging, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona Developmental plasticity is thought to reconcile the constraining role morphology into adulthood, providing an opportunity to directly examine the links between plasticity of bone

Badyaev, Alex

99

TRADE (Training Resources and Data Exchange) technical training programs inventory: Volume IV, Craft programs, miscellaneous programs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In a continuing effort to facilitate communications and resource exchange among the DOE contractors, the TRADE (Training Resources and Data Exchange) Committee composed of representatives from 10 DOE contractors, has compiled the Training Programs Inventories. Taken together there are over 2700 courses that reflect the range and focus of in-house training programs being offered throughour the DOE GOCO system by approximately 49 contractors. The Technical Training Programs Inventories include those programs or courses designed specifically for in-house employees and which provide development and practical information about job-related subjects not included in the nontechnical training area. The focus of the Inventories has been on targeted audiences, resources, and course design. The contact person has been listed with each course to encourage the use of the inventories and facilitate the excchange of information between GOCOs through a peer-to-peer exchange between training personnel of various contractors. This publication contains 140 courses focusing on crafts programs and miscellanous programs at all levels. Information of the inventories is available on the DOE Integrated Technical Information System (ITIS) as the TRD file.

Not Available

1987-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

Development of an Energy-Savings Calculation Methodology for Residential Miscellaneous Electric Loads: Preprint  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In order to meet whole-house energy savings targets beyond 50% in residential buildings, it will be essential that new technologies and systems approaches be developed to address miscellaneous electric loads (MELs). These MELs are comprised of the small and diverse collection of energy-consuming devices found in homes, including what are commonly known as plug loads (televisions, stereos, microwaves), along with all hard-wired loads that do not fit into other major end-use categories (doorbells, security systems, garage door openers). MELs present special challenges because their purchase and operation are largely under the control of the occupants. If no steps are taken to address MELs, they can constitute 40-50% of the remaining source energy use in homes that achieve 60-70% whole-house energy savings, and this percentage is likely to increase in the future as home electronics become even more sophisticated and their use becomes more widespread. Building America (BA), a U.S. Department of Energy research program that targets 50% energy savings by 2015 and 90% savings by 2025, has begun to identify and develop advanced solutions that can reduce MELs.

Hendron, R.; Eastment, M.

2006-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "miscellaneous plastic products" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

We Need to Talk... Developing Communicating Power Supplies to Monitor & Control Miscellaneous Electric Loads  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Plug loads represent 30percent of total electricity use in residential buildings. Significant energy savings would result from an accurate understanding of which miscellaneous electric devices are using energy, at what time, and in what quantity. Commercially available plug load monitoring and control solutions replace or limit the attached device's native controls - forcing the user to adapt to a separate set of controls associated with the monitoring and control hardware. A better solution is integration of these capabilities at the power supply level. In this paper, we demonstrate a method achieving this integration. Our solution allows unobtrusive power monitoring and control while retaining native device control features. Further, our prototype enables intelligent behaviors by allowing devices to respond to the state of one another automatically. The CPS enables energy savings while demonstrating an added level of functionality to the user. If CPS technology became widespread in devices, a combination of automated and human interactive solutions would enable high levels of energy savings in buildings.

Weber, Andrew; Lanzisera, Steven; Liao, Anna; Meier, Alan

2014-08-11T23:59:59.000Z

102

High temperature, optically transparent plastics from biomass  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

temperature, optically transparent plastics from biomass At a Glance Rapid, selective catalytic system to produce vinyl plastics from renewable biomass Stereoregular...

103

Rhythms and plasticity: television temporality at home  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

priority. Plastic television watching did not demand com-and domestic demands [5]. 5.7 Nearly plastic Many of the

Irani, Lilly; Jeffries, Robin; Knight, Andrea

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

High Performance Plastic DSSC | ANSER Center | Argonne-Northwestern...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

High Performance Plastic DSSC Home > Research > ANSER Research Highlights > High Performance Plastic DSSC...

105

Plasticity of sandwich beam withPlasticity of sandwich beam withPlasticity of sandwich beam withPlasticity of sandwich beam with metallic foam coremetallic foam coremetallic foam coremetallic foam core  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Plasticity of sandwich beam withPlasticity of sandwich beam withPlasticity of sandwich beam withPlasticity-- · Plasticity of lightweight sandwich structures, 2006 --Plasticity of lightweight sandwich structures, 2006 --Plasticity of lightweight sandwich structures, 2006 --Plasticity of lightweight sandwich structures, 2006

Luo, Xiaoyu

106

Plastic wastes as modifiers of the thermoplasticity of coal  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Plastic waste recycling represents a major challenge in environmental protection with different routes now available for dealing with mechanical, chemical, and energy recycling. New concepts in plastic waste recycling have emerged so that now such wastes can be used to replace fossil fuels, either as an energy source or as a secondary raw material. Our objective is to explore the modification of the thermoplastic properties of coal in order to assess the possibility of adding plastic waste to coal for the production of metallurgical coke. Two bituminous coals of different rank and thermoplastic properties were used as a base component of blends with plastic wastes such as high-density polyethylene (HDPE), low-density polyethylene (LDPE), polypropylene (PP), polystyrene (PS), poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET), and acrilonitrile-butadiene-styrene copolymer (ABS). In all cases, the addition of plastic waste led to a reduction in Gieseler maximum fluidity, the extent of the reduction depending on the fluidity of the base coal, and the amount, the molecular structure, and the thermal behavior of the polymer. As a consequence, the amount of volatile matter released by the plastic waste before, during, and after the maximum fluidity of the coal and the hydrogen-donor and hydrogen-acceptor capacities of the polymer were concluded to be key factors in influencing the extent of the reduction in fluidity and the development of anisotropic carbons. The incorporation of the plastic to the carbon matrix was clearly established in semicokes produced from blends of a high-fluid coal and the plastic tested by SEM examination. 42 refs., 10 figs., 7 tabs.

M.A. Diez; C. Barriocanal; R. Alvarez [Instituto Nacional del Carbon (INCAR), Oviedo (Spain)

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

Re-usability of plastics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A research project was designed in order to learn more about the quality of recycled plastics when compared to new material. The study was carried out by researching and learning about how the recycling process operates. ...

Bonas, Calvin (Calvin A.)

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Memory stability and synaptic plasticity   

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Numerous experiments have demonstrated that the activity of neurons can alter the strength of excitatory synapses. This synaptic plasticity is bidirectional and synapses can be strengthened (potentiation) or weakened ...

Billings, Guy

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Indentation of plastically graded materials  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The introduction of certain controlled gradients in plastic properties is known to promote resistance to the onset of damage at contact surfaces during some tribological applications. Gradients in composition, microstructure ...

Choi, In-Suk, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

THE AGE OF PLASTIC INGENUITY + RESPONSIBILITY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THE AGE OF PLASTIC INGENUITY + RESPONSIBILITY An Interdisciplinary Symposium Stone Age, Bronze Age, Iron Age...and now the Age of Plastic. The Smithsonian Institution is leveraging its collections--arguably the world's greatest repository of plastic material culture--to investigate the significance of plastic, its

Mathis, Wayne N.

111

Plastic bottles > Remove lids (not recyclable)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Plastic bottles Please: > Remove lids (not recyclable) > Empty bottles > Rinse milk bottles, & other bottles if possible > Squash bottles www.st-andrews.ac.uk/estates/environment All types of plastic bottle accepted Clear, opaque and coloured bottles Labels can remain on X No plastic bags X No plastics

Brierley, Andrew

112

Phenotypic Plasticity, Ecophysiology, and Climate Change  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

9/24/2010 1 Phenotypic Plasticity, Ecophysiology, and Climate Change Loren Albert Image is plasticity?p y · Examples · Limitations to plasticity: Valladares et al. 2007 ·Ecophysiological when the habitat changes? Habitat Tracking Ackerly 2003 #12;9/24/2010 3 Evolution Plasticity #12

Saleska, Scott

113

Plastics Engineering UMass Lowell Commonwealth Honors Track  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Plastics Engineering UMass Lowell Commonwealth Honors Track Fall 2013 and Beyond Freshman Year Sophomore Year/Fall Semester Cr Sophomore/Spring Semester 26.001 Plastics Safety Lecture 0 26.002 Plastics Safety Lecture 0 26.201 Polymeric Materials I 3 26.202 Polymeric Materials II 3 26.215 Plastics Proc. Eng

Massachusetts at Lowell, University of

114

UBC Social Ecological Economic Development Studies (SEEDS) Student Report Sustainable alternatives to traditional plastics and conventional plastic waste  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to traditional plastics and conventional plastic waste management in the agricultural setting of the UBC Farm alternatives to traditional plastics and conventional plastic waste management in the agricultural setting ................................................................................................................. 9 Agricultural plastics

115

Re-using products saves budget dollars and reduces waste  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

can be recycled. They do not have to be rinsed clean to be recycled. Plastic All plastic containers recycling, all aluminum, glass, plastic and paper products are collected in the same bin making recy- cling, flaked cardboard trays, pizza boxes, juice boxes, and note- books (even plastic or leather). Paper towels

116

TTUAB PLASTIC & ALUMINUM RECYCLING PROTOCOL Fall 2012 What Plastic Do We Recycle?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

TTUAB PLASTIC & ALUMINUM RECYCLING PROTOCOL ­ Fall 2012 What Plastic Do We Recycle? TTUAB has taken on the responsibility of recycling #1 PET and #2 HDPE plastics by placing a yellow TTUAB Plastic Recycling bin on each. Technically, we are only responsible for aforementioned plastics and aluminum. However, any trash or other

Rock, Chris

117

TTUAB PLASTIC & ALUMINUM RECYCLING PROTOCOL 2013 What Plastic Do We Recycle?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

TTUAB PLASTIC & ALUMINUM RECYCLING PROTOCOL 2013 What Plastic Do We Recycle? TTUAB has taken on the responsibility of recycling ALL plastics (#1 through #7) by placing a yellow TTUAB Plastic Recycling bin on each and in LH100. Technically, we are only responsible for aforementioned plastics and aluminum. However, any

Rock, Chris

118

TTUAB PLASTIC RECYCLING PROTOCOL Fall 2011 What Plastic Do We Recycle?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

TTUAB PLASTIC RECYCLING PROTOCOL ­ Fall 2011 What Plastic Do We Recycle? TTUAB has taken on the responsibility of recycling #1 PET and #2 HDPE plastics by placing a yellow TTUAB Plastic Recycling bin on each floor. Technically, we are only responsible for aforementioned plastics. However, any trash or other

Rock, Chris

119

Color Matching for PlasticsColor Matching for Plastics Bill CheethamBill Cheetham  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Color Matching for PlasticsColor Matching for Plastics Bill CheethamBill Cheetham GeneralIndustrial Systems Information ServicesInformation Services Medical SystemsMedical Systems PlasticsPlastics Power Electric Global Research Applications ­ GE Plastics · FormTool - lab color matching tool · Color

Watson, Ian

120

Closure Report for Corrective Action Unit 547: Miscellaneous Contaminated Waste Sites, Nevada National Security Site, Nevada  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This Closure Report (CR) presents information supporting closure of Corrective Action Unit (CAU) 547, Miscellaneous Contaminated Waste Sites, and provides documentation supporting the completed corrective actions and confirmation that closure objectives for CAU 547 were met. This CR complies with the requirements of the Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order (FFACO) that was agreed to by the State of Nevada; the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), Environmental Management; the U.S. Department of Defense; and DOE, Legacy Management (FFACO, 1996 as amended). CAU 547 consists of the following three Corrective Action Sites (CASs), located in Areas 2, 3, and 9 of the Nevada National Security Site: (1) CAS 02-37-02, Gas Sampling Assembly; (2) CAS 03-99-19, Gas Sampling Assembly; AND (3) CAS 09-99-06, Gas Sampling Assembly Closure activities began in August 2011 and were completed in June 2012. Activities were conducted according to the Corrective Action Decision Document/Corrective Action Plan (CADD/CAP) for CAU 547 (U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office [NNSA/NSO], 2011). The recommended corrective action for the three CASs in CAU 547 was closure in place with administrative controls. The following closure activities were performed: (1) Open holes were filled with concrete; (2) Steel casings were placed over vertical expansion joints and filled with cement; (3) Engineered soil covers were constructed over piping and exposed sections of the gas sampling system components; (4) Fencing, monuments, Jersey barriers, radiological postings, and use restriction (UR) warning signs were installed around the perimeters of the sites; (5) Housekeeping debris was picked up from around the sites and disposed; and (6) Radiological surveys were performed to confirm final radiological postings. UR documentation is included in Appendix D. The post-closure plan was presented in detail in the CADD/CAP for CAU 547 and is included as Appendix F of this report. The requirements are summarized in Section 5.2 of this report. The proposed post-closure requirements consist of visual inspections to determine the condition of postings and radiological surveys to verify contamination has not migrated. NNSA/NSO requests the following: (1) A Notice of Completion from the Nevada Division of Environmental Protection to NNSA/NSO for closure of CAU 547; and (2) The transfer of CAU 547 from Appendix III to Appendix IV, Closed Corrective Action Units, of the FFACO.

NSTec Environmental Restoration

2012-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "miscellaneous plastic products" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Production  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Algae production R&D focuses on exploring resource use and availability, algal biomass development and improvements, characterizing algal biomass components, and the ecology and engineering of...

122

Addendum to the Closure Report for Corrective Action Unit 547: Miscellaneous Contaminated Waste Sites, Nevada National Security Site, Nevada  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This addendum to the Closure Report for Corrective Action Unit 547: Miscellaneous Contaminated Waste Sites, Nevada National Security Site, Nevada, DOE/NV--1480, dated July 2012, documents repairs of erosion and construction of engineered erosion protection features at Corrective Action Site (CAS) 02-37-02 (MULLET) and CAS 09-99-06 (PLAYER). The final as-built drawings are included in Appendix A, and photographs of field work are included in Appendix B. Field work was completed on March 11, 2013.

none,

2013-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

123

Extruded plastic scintillator including inorganic powders  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method for producing a plastic scintillator is disclosed. A plurality of nano-sized particles and one or more dopants can be combined with a plastic material for the formation of a plastic scintillator thereof. The nano-sized particles, the dopant and the plastic material can be combined within the dry inert atmosphere of an extruder to produce a reaction that results in the formation of a plastic scintillator thereof and the deposition of energy within the plastic scintillator, such that the plastic scintillator produces light signifying the detection of a radiative element. The nano-sized particles can be treated with an inert gas prior to processing the nano-sized particles, the dopant and the plastic material utilizing the extruder. The plastic scintillator can be a neutron-sensitive scintillator, x-ray sensitive scintillator and/or a scintillator for the detection of minimum ionizing particles.

Bross, Alan D.; Mellott, Kerry L.; Pla-Dalmau, Anna

2006-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

124

Detecting sub-MeV neutrons in solid plastic scintillator with gamma-ray discrimination  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report on recent efforts to design a solid plastic scintillation hodoscope to measure neutron production cross sections at low energies. Our program includes not only the development of the detector itself, but also a ...

Kovash, Michael A.

125

Plastics' Color Problem: How a New Device Will Prevent Waste...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

facts? Commercial plastics made at 752 degrees Fahrenheit and 2,000 psi Conventional plastic color detectors break at high temps and pressures Plastics with incorrect colors,...

126

Shrink-Induced Superhydrophobic and Antibacterial Surfaces in Consumer Plastics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Transformation of a Simple Plastic into a Superhydrophobic2005) Biocompatibility of Plastics. Technical WhitePaper.2011) Hot embossing of plastic microfluidic devices using

Freschauf, Lauren R; McLane, Jolie; Sharma, Himanshu; Khine, Michelle; Bansal, Vipul

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Composition of plastics from waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE) by direct sampling  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The article shows WEEE plastics characterization from a recycling unit in Portugal. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The recycling unit has low machinery, with hand sorting of plastics elements. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Most common polymers are PS, ABS, PC/ABS, HIPS and PP. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Most plastics found have no identification of plastic type or flame retardants. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Ecodesign is still not practiced for EEE, with repercussions in end of life stage. - Abstract: This paper describes a direct analysis study carried out in a recycling unit for waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE) in Portugal to characterize the plastic constituents of WEEE. Approximately 3400 items, including cooling appliances, small WEEE, printers, copying equipment, central processing units, cathode ray tube (CRT) monitors and CRT televisions were characterized, with the analysis finding around 6000 kg of plastics with several polymer types. The most common polymers are polystyrene, acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene, polycarbonate blends, high-impact polystyrene and polypropylene. Additives to darken color are common contaminants in these plastics when used in CRT televisions and small WEEE. These additives can make plastic identification difficult, along with missing polymer identification and flame retardant identification marks. These drawbacks contribute to the inefficiency of manual dismantling of WEEE, which is the typical recycling process in Portugal. The information found here can be used to set a baseline for the plastics recycling industry and provide information for ecodesign in electrical and electronic equipment production.

Martinho, Graca [Departamento de Ciencias e Engenharia do Ambiente, Faculdade de Ciencias e Tecnologia, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Campus de Caparica, 2829-516 Caparica (Portugal); Pires, Ana, E-mail: ana.lourenco.pires@gmail.com [Departamento de Ciencias e Engenharia do Ambiente, Faculdade de Ciencias e Tecnologia, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Campus de Caparica, 2829-516 Caparica (Portugal); Saraiva, Luanha; Ribeiro, Rita [Departamento de Ciencias e Engenharia do Ambiente, Faculdade de Ciencias e Tecnologia, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Campus de Caparica, 2829-516 Caparica (Portugal)

2012-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

128

Polishing compound for plastic surfaces  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A polishing compound for plastic surfaces is disclosed. The compound contains by weight approximately 4 to 17 parts at least one petroleum distillate lubricant, 1 to 6 parts mineral spirits, 2.5 to 15 parts abrasive particles, and 2.5 to 10 parts water. The abrasive is tripoli or a similar material that contains colloidal silica. Preferably, most of the abrasive particles are less than approximately 10 microns, more preferably less than approximately 5 microns in size. The compound is used on PLEXIGLAS{sup TM}, LEXAN{sup TM}, LUCITE{sup TM}, polyvinyl chloride (PVC) and similar plastic materials whenever a smooth, clear polished surface is desired.

Stowell, M.S.

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Polishing compound for plastic surfaces  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A polishing compound for plastic surfaces is disclosed. The compound contains by weight approximately 4 to 17 parts at least one petroleum distillate lubricant, 1 to 6 parts mineral spirits, 2.5 to 15 parts abrasive particles, and 2.5 to 10 parts water. The abrasive is tripoli or a similar material that contains fine particles silica. Preferably, most of the abrasive particles are less than approximately 10 microns, more preferably less than approximately 5 microns in size. The compound is used on PLEXIGLAS{trademark}, LEXAN{trademark}, LUCITE{trademark}, polyvinyl chloride (PVC) and similar plastic materials whenever a smooth, clear polished surface is desired. 5 figs.

Stowell, M.S.

1995-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

130

Polishing compound for plastic surfaces  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A polishing compound for plastic surfaces. The compound contains by weight approximately 4 to 17 parts at least one petroleum distillate lubricant, 1 to 6 parts mineral spirits, 2.5 to 15 parts abrasive particles, and 2.5 to 10 parts water. The abrasive is tripoli or a similar material that contains fine particles silica. Preferably, most of the abrasive particles are less than approximately 10 microns, more preferably less than approximately 5 microns in size. The compound is used on PLEXIGLAS.TM., LEXAN.TM., LUCITE.TM., polyvinyl chloride (PVC) and similar plastic materials whenever a smooth, clear polished surface is desired.

Stowell, Michael S. (New Ellenton, SC)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Production  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Algae production R&D focuses on exploring resource use and availability, algal biomass development and improvements, characterizing algal biomass components, and the ecology and engineering of cultivation systems.

132

Closure Report for Corrective Action Unit 121: Storage Tanks and Miscellaneous Sites, Nevada Test Site, Nevada  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Corrective Action Unit (CAU) 121 is identified in the Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order (FFACO) (1996, as amended February 2008) as Storage Tanks and Miscellaneous Sites. CAU 121 consists of the following three Corrective Action Sites (CASs) located in Area 12 of the Nevada Test Site, which is approximately 65 miles northwest of Las Vegas, Nevada: (1) CAS 12-01-01, Aboveground Storage Tank; (2) CAS 12-01-02, Aboveground Storage Tank; and (3) CAS 12-22-26, Drums; 2 AST's. CAU 121 closure activities were conducted according to the FFACO and the Streamlined Approach for Environmental Restoration Plan for CAU 121 (U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office, 2007). Field work took place from February through September 2008. Samples were collected to determine the path forward to close each site. Closure activities were completed as defined in the plan based on sample analytical results and site conditions. No contaminants of concern (COCs) were present at CAS 12-01-01; therefore, no further action was chosen as the corrective action alternative. As a best management practice (BMP), the empty aboveground storage tank (AST) was removed and disposed as sanitary waste. At CAS 12-01-02, polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) were present above the preliminary action level (PAL) in the soil beneath the AST that could possibly have originated from the AST contents. Therefore, PCBs were considered COCs, and the site was clean closed by excavating and disposing of soil containing PCBs. Approximately 5 cubic yards (yd{sup 3}) of soil were excavated and disposed as petroleum hydrocarbon PCB remediation waste, and approximately 13 yd3 of soil were excavated and disposed as PCB remediation waste. Cleanup samples were collected to confirm that the remaining soil did not contain PCBs above the PAL. Other compounds detected in the soil above PALs (i.e., total petroleum hydrocarbons [TPH] and semi-volatile organic compounds [SVOCs]) were determined to not likely have originated from the tank. Additional sample results showed that the compounds were likely present as a result of degraded asphalt around the adjacent, active water tank and not from the abandoned AST; therefore, they were not considered COCs. As a BMP, the empty AST was removed and disposed as sanitary waste. No COCs were present at CAS 12-22-26; therefore, no further action was chosen as the corrective action alternative. Although TPH was present at concentrations that exceeded the PAL, the volatile organic compound and SVOC hazardous constituents of TPH did not exceed the final action levels (FALs); therefore, TPH was not considered a COC. As a BMP, the empty AST was removed and disposed as sanitary waste. Closure activities generated sanitary waste, petroleum hydrocarbon PCB remediation waste, PCB remediation waste, and hazardous waste. Waste was appropriately managed and disposed. Waste that is currently staged on site is being appropriately managed and will be disposed under approved waste profiles in permitted landfills. Waste minimization activities included waste characterization sampling and segregation of waste streams.

NSTec Environmental Restoration

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

Mechanically equivalent elastic-plastic deformations and the problem of plastic spin David J. Steigmann1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mechanically equivalent elastic-plastic deformations and the problem of plastic spin David J author to receive correspondence (steigman@me.berkeley.edu) Abstract: The problem of plastic spin is phrased in terms of a notion of mechanical equivalence among local relaxed configurations of an elastic/plastic

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

134

Influence of plasticizer molecular weight on plasticizer retention in PVC geomembranes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PROOFS Influence of plasticizer molecular weight on plasticizer retention in PVC geomembranes T. D, accepted 31 October 2004 ABSTRACT: Plasticizers are used to make PVC flexible so it can be used as a geomembrane. Plasticizers can migrate from PVC geomembranes over time because of contact with air, liquid, and

135

Optimal phenotypic plasticity in a stochastic environment 1 Optimal phenotypic plasticity in a stochastic environment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Optimal phenotypic plasticity in a stochastic environment 1 Optimal phenotypic plasticity.coquillard@unice.fr ; phone: #33 4 92 38 64 30 Abstract This paper addresses the question of optimal phenotypic plasticity expense of plasticity, and benefit is fitness. The dispersion matrix of the genes' response (H = ln

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

136

Plasticity of Dendritic Excitability Andreas Frick,* Daniel Johnstony  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Plasticity of Dendritic Excitability Andreas Frick,* Daniel Johnstony Baylor College of Medicine function display plasticity under diverse circumstances such as neuromo- dulation, adaptation, learning­115, 2005 Keywords: intrinsic plasticity; synaptic plasticity; long- term potentiation (LTP); dendrite

Johnston, Daniel

137

ASSISTANT PROFESSOR (SEMI-RIGID PLASTIC PACKAGING)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ASSISTANT PROFESSOR (SEMI-RIGID PLASTIC PACKAGING) IN FOOD, NUTRITION, & PACKAGING SCIENCES/rigid plastics packaging. The successful candidate will be responsible for teaching undergraduate and graduate in university teaching, experience in designing and implementing semi-rigid/rigid plastics research, a record

Stuart, Steven J.

138

Plasticity in FEniCS Piotr Minakowski  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Plasticity in FEniCS Piotr Minakowski Institute of Applied Mathematics and Mechanics, University@karlin.mff.cuni.cz SEMIN´AR O SOFTWARU PRO GEOFYZIKY aneb Jednooc´i slep´ym #12;Outline Plasticity Introduction Computational Methods Fluid Model of Crystal Plasticity Motivations Model Kirchhoff stress Numerical treatment

Cerveny, Vlastislav

139

Neural Plasticity of Development and Learning  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Neural Plasticity of Development and Learning Galvan, 2010 Presented by Kristen Morin and Sunil Patel I. Defining Development and Learning II. Neural Plasticity III. Progressive and Regressive Changes with Learning IV. Plasticity of Developmental Timing V. Neural Mechanism- Same or Different? VI. Methodological

Gabrieli, John

140

Reversibleirreversible plasticity transition in twinned copper nanopillars  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Reversible­irreversible plasticity transition in twinned copper nanopillars J.A. Brown, N 31 October 2009 Abstract Through computer simulations, we show that plasticity in twinned copper nanopillar under compression, plastic deformation can be totally reversed when rR is in the range 0:5 6 rR 6

Ghoniem, Nasr M.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "miscellaneous plastic products" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Synaptic plasticity and memory Richard Kempter  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Synaptic plasticity and memory Richard Kempter 1,2,3 & Dietmar Schmitz 2,3 1 Institute in the central nervous system. In its most general form, the "synaptic plasticity and memory hypothesis" states, and that synaptic plasticity is both necessary and sufficient for the storage of information underlying

Kempter, Richard

142

Plasticity of Metal Nanowires Christopher R. Weinberger  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Plasticity of Metal Nanowires Christopher R. Weinberger Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque-4040 (Dated: November 24, 2011) Abstract The mechanisms of plasticity in metal naowires with diameters below 100 nm are reviewed. At these length scales, plasticity in face-centered-cubic metals subjected

Cai, Wei

143

PHENOTYPIC PLASTICITY Functional and Conceptual Approaches  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PHENOTYPIC PLASTICITY Functional and Conceptual Approaches Edited by Thomas J. DeWitt Samuel M. A great breadth of ideas fall under the rubric of phenotypic plasticity, and this book is designed these diverse ideas under an intentionally broad definition of plasticity: environment-dependent phenotype

DeWitt, Thomas J.

144

NUMERICAL APPROACHES TO THERMALLY COUPLED PERFECT PLASTICITY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NUMERICAL APPROACHES TO THERMALLY COUPLED PERFECT PLASTICITY S¨OREN BARTELS AND TOM´AS ROUB at small strains exhibiting also stress-driven Prandtl-Reuss perfect plasticity are considered limit passage. Keywords: Thermodynamics, Prandtl-Reuss plasticity, Kelvin-Voigt rheology, thermal

Bartels, Soeren

145

When Function Follows Form: Plastic Solar Cells | ANSER Center...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

When Function Follows Form: Plastic Solar Cells Home > Research > ANSER Research Highlights > When Function Follows Form: Plastic Solar Cells...

146

Waste Toolkit A-Z Plastic cups Grundon  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Waste Toolkit A-Z Plastic cups ­ Grundon Can I recycle plastic cups? Yes, you can recycle plastic cups if they are made from PET or HDPE plastic (ask your supplier to confirm the type of plastic if you do not know). If the cups are made from any other type of plastic (see symbols below) they cannot

Melham, Tom

147

Polishing compound for plastic surfaces  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

This invention is comprised of a polishing compound for plastic materials. The compound includes approximately by approximately by weight 25 to 80 parts at least one petroleum distillate lubricant, 1 to 12 parts mineral spirits, 50 to 155 parts abrasive paste, and 15 to 60 parts water. Preferably, the compound includes approximately 37 to 42 parts at least one petroleum distillate lubricant, up to 8 parts mineral spirits, 95 to 110 parts abrasive paste, and 50 to 55 parts water. The proportions of the ingredients are varied in accordance with the particular application. The compound is used on PLEXIGLAS{trademark}, LEXAN{trademark}, LUCITE{trademark}, polyvinyl chloride (PVC), and similar plastic materials whenever a smooth, clear polished surface is desired.

Stowell, M.S.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

Technical specifications for mechanical recycling of agricultural plastic waste  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Highlights: • Technical specifications for agricultural plastic wastes (APWs) recycling proposed. • Specifications are the base for best economical and environmental APW valorisation. • Analysis of APW reveals inherent characteristics and constraints of APW streams. • Thorough survey on mechanical recycling processes and industry as it applies to APW. • Specifications for APW recycling tested, adjusted and verified through pilot trials. - Abstract: Technical specifications appropriate for the recycling of agricultural plastic wastes (APWs), widely accepted by the recycling industry were developed. The specifications establish quality standards to be met by the agricultural plastics producers, users and the agricultural plastic waste management chain. They constitute the base for the best economical and environmental valorisation of the APW. The analysis of the APW streams conducted across Europe in the framework of the European project “LabelAgriWaste” revealed the inherent characteristics of the APW streams and the inherent constraints (technical or economical) of the APW. The APW stream properties related to its recycling potential and measured during pilot trials are presented and a subsequent universally accepted simplified and expanded list of APW recycling technical specifications is proposed and justified. The list includes two sets of specifications, applied to two different quality categories of recyclable APW: one for pellet production process (“Quality I”) and another one for plastic profile production process (“Quality II”). Parameters that are taken into consideration in the specifications include the APW physical characteristics, contamination, composition and degradation. The proposed specifications are focused on polyethylene based APW that represents the vast majority of the APW stream. However, the specifications can be adjusted to cover also APW of different materials (e.g. PP or PVC) that are found in very small quantities in protected cultivations in Europe. The adoption of the proposed specifications could transform this waste stream into a labelled commodity traded freely in the market and will constitute the base for the best economical and environmental valorisation of the APW.

Briassoulis, D., E-mail: briassou@aua.gr; Hiskakis, M.; Babou, E.

2013-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

149

A Research Needs Assessment for waste plastics recycling: Volume 1, Executive summary. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This first volume provides a summary of the entire project. The study utilized the talents of a large number of participants, including a significant number of peer reviewers from industrial companies, government agencies, and research institutes. in addition, an extensive analysis of relevant literature was carried out. In considering the attractiveness of recycling technologies that are alternatives to waste-to-energy combustion units, a systems approach was utilized. Collection of waste streams containing plastics, sortation, and reclamation of plastics and plastic mixtures, reprocessing or chemical conversion of the reclaimed polymers, and the applicability of the products to specific market segments have been analyzed in the study.

NONE

1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Rigid-Plastic Approximations for Predicting Plastic Deformation of Cylindrical Shells Subject to Dynamic Loading  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A theoretical approach was developed for predicting the plastic deformation of a cylindrical shell subject to asymmetric dynamic loads. The plastic deformation of the leading generator of the shell is found by solving for ...

Hoo Fatt, Michelle S.

151

Extruded plastic scintillator for MINERvA  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An extrusion line has recently been installed at Fermilab in collaboration with NICADD (Northern Illinois Center for Accelerator and Detector Development). This new facility will serve to further develop and improve extruded plastic scintillator. Since polystyrene is widely used in the consumer industry, the logical path was to investigate the extrusion of commercial-grade polystyrene pellets with dopants to yield high quality plastic scintillator. The D0 and MINOS experiments are already using extruded scintillator strips in their detectors. A new experiment at Fermilab is pursuing the use of extruded plastic scintillator. A new plastic scintillator strip is being tested and its properties characterized. The initial results are presented here.

Pla-Dalmau, Anna; Bross, Alan D.; /Fermilab; Rykalin, Victor V.; Wood, Brian M.; /NICADD, DeKalb

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

Method to separate and recover oil and plastic from plastic contaminated with oil  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The present invention provides a method to separate and recover oils and recyclable plastic from plastic contaminated with oil. The invention utilizes the different solubility of oil in as liquid or supercritical fluid as compared to a gas to effect separation of the oil from the plastic.

Smith, Henry M. (Overland Park, KS); Bohnert, George W. (Harrisonville, MO); Olson, Ronald B. (Kansas City, MO); Hand, Thomas E. (Lee's Summit, MO)

1998-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

153

Materials Science and Engineering A 445446 (2007) 186192 Plastic instabilities and dislocation densities during plastic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Materials Science and Engineering A 445­446 (2007) 186­192 Plastic instabilities and dislocation densities during plastic deformation in Al­Mg alloys Gyozo Horv´ath, Nguyen Q. Chinh, Jeno Gubicza, J 2006 Abstract Plastic deformation of Al­Mg alloys were investigated by analyzing the stress

Gubicza, Jenõ

154

Method to separate and recover oil and plastic from plastic contaminated with oil  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The present invention provides a method to separate and recover oils and recyclable plastic from plastic contaminated with oil. The invention utilizes the different solubility of oil in a liquid or supercritical fluid as compared to a gas to effect separation of the oil from the plastic. 3 figs.

Smith, H.M.; Bohnert, G.W.; Olson, R.B.; Hand, T.E.

1998-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

155

Morley Symposium on Concrete Plasticity and its Application. University of Cambridge 23 WHEN PLASTICITY?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Morley Symposium on Concrete Plasticity and its Application. University of Cambridge 23 rd July, 2007 WHEN PLASTICITY? Chris MORLEY Department of Engineering, University of Cambridge, UK Keywords: concrete, plasticity, cracking, flow, size effect, fibre reinforcement 1 BACKGROUND The need for adequate

Burgoyne, Chris

156

CHARGED PARTICLE IDENTIFICATION WITH MODULES OF THE PLASTIC BALL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

WITH MODULES OF THE PLASTIC BALL H.H. Gutbrod, M.R. Maier,WITH MODULES OF THE PLASTIC BALL H.H. Gutbrod, M.R. Maier*,of modules of the Plastic Ball detector for positive pions

Gutbrod, H.H.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

Elastic–Plastic Spherical Contact Modeling Including Roughness Effects  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A multilevel model for elastic–plastic contact between ajunction growth of an elastic–plastic spherical contact. J.nite element based elastic–plastic model for the contact of

Li, L.; Etsion, I.; Talke, F. E.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

THE RESPONSE OF SOLIDS TO ELASTIC/ PLASTIC INDENTATION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

OF SOLIDS TO ELASTIC/PLASTIC INDENTATION S.S. Chiang, D.B.134. Table I Normalized Plastic Zone Size (B) and Materialken from the elastic/plastic boundary, surface intersection,

Chiang, S.S.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Septin Self-Assembly: Plasticity and Protein Scaffolding  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Septin Self-Assembly: Plasticity and Protein Scaffolding BySpring 2012 Septin Self-Assembly: Plasticity and ProteinIII Abstract Septin Self-Assembly: Plasticity and Protein

Garcia, III, Galo

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Developmental plasticity and the evolution of parental effects  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Developmental plasticity and the evolution of parental effects Tobias Uller Edward Grey Institute for evolutionary biologists is to understand how developmental plasticity can influence the evolutionary process. Devel- opmental plasticity frequently involves parental effects, which might enable adaptive and context

Richner, Heinz

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "miscellaneous plastic products" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Castable plastic mold with electroplatable base  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A sacrificial plastic mold having an electroplatable backing is provided as are methods of making such a mold via the infusion of a castable liquid formulation through a porous metal substrate (sheet, screen, mesh or foam) and into the features of a micro-scale master mold. Upon casting and demolding, the porous metal substrate is embedded within the cast formulation and projects a plastic structure with features determined by the mold tool. The plastic structure provides a sacrificial plastic mold mechanically bonded to the porous metal substrate, which provides a conducting support suitable for electroplating either contiguous or non-contiguous metal replicates. After electroplating and lapping, the sacrificial plastic can be dissolved, leaving the desired metal structure bonded to the porous metal substrate. Optionally, the electroplated structures may be debonded from the porous substrate by selective dissolution of the porous substrate or a coating thereon.

Domeier, Linda A.; Morales, Alfredo M.; Gonzales, Marcela G.; Keifer, Patrick M.

2004-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

162

Sacrificial plastic mold with electroplatable base  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A sacrificial plastic mold having an electroplatable backing is provided. One embodiment consists of the infusion of a softened or molten thermoplastic through a porous metal substrate (sheet, screen, mesh or foam) and into the features of a micro-scale molding tool contacting the porous metal substrate. Upon demolding, the porous metal substrate will be embedded within the thermoplastic and will project a plastic structure with features determined by the mold tool. This plastic structure, in turn, provides a sacrificial plastic mold mechanically bonded to the porous metal substrate which provides a conducting support suitable for electroplating either contiguous or non-contiguous metal replicates. After electroplating and lapping, the sacrificial plastic can be dissolved to leave the desired metal structure bonded to the porous metal substrate. Optionally, the electroplated structures may be debonded from the porous substrate by selective dissolution of the porous substrate or a coating thereon.

Domeier, Linda A. (Danville, CA); Hruby, Jill M. (Livermore, CA); Morales, Alfredo M. (Livermore, CA)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Sacrificial Plastic Mold With Electroplatable Base  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A sacrificial plastic mold having an electroplatable backing is provided. One embodiment consists of the infusion of a softened or molten thermoplastic through a porous metal substrate (sheet, screen, mesh or foam) and into the features of a micro-scale molding tool contacting the porous metal substrate. Upon demolding, the porous metal substrate will be embedded within the thermoplastic and will project a plastic structure with features determined by the mold tool. This plastic structure, in turn, provides a sacrificial plastic mold mechanically bonded to the porous metal substrate which provides a conducting support suitable for electroplating either contiguous or non-contiguous metal replicates. After electroplating and lapping, the sacrificial plastic can be dissolved to leave the desired metal structure bonded to the porous metal substrate. Optionally, the electroplated structures may be debonded from the porous substrate by selective dissolution of the porous substrate or a coating thereon.

Domeier, Linda A. (Danville, CA); Hruby, Jill M. (Livermore, CA); Morales, Alfredo M. (Livermore, CA)

2005-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

164

Fiberglass plastics in power plants  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Fiberglass reinforced plastics (FRPs) are replacing metal in FGDs, stacks, tanks, cooling towers, piping and other plant components. The article documents the use of FRP in power plants since the 1970s. The largest volume of FRP in North American power plants is for stack liners and ductwork. Absorber vessel shells and internal components comprise the third largest use. The most common FRP absorber vessels are known as jet bubbling reactors (JBRs). One of the largest JBRs at a plant on the Ohio River removes 99% of sulphur dioxide from high sulphur coal flue gas. FRPs last twice as long as wood structures when used for cooling towers and require less maintenance. 1 tab., 2 photos.

Kelley, D. [Ashland Performance Materials (United States)

2007-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

165

Characterization of the plastic substrates, the reflective layers...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

the plastic substrates, the reflective layers, the adhesives, and the grooves of today's archival-grade Characterization of the plastic substrates, the reflective layers, the...

166

Economical Remediation of Plastic Waste into Advanced Materials...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Economical Remediation of Plastic Waste into Advanced Materials with Coatings Technology available for licensing: An autogenic pyrolysis process to convert plastic waste into...

167

Plastic flow in solids with interfaces  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A non-equilibrium theory of isothermal and diffusionless evolution of incoherent interfaces within a plastically deforming solid is developed. The irreversible dynamics of the interface are driven by its normal motion, incoherency (slip and misorientation), and an intrinsic plastic flow; and purely by plastic deformation in the bulk away from the interface. Using the continuum theory for defect distribution (in bulk and over the interface) we formulate a general kinematical framework, derive relevant balance laws and jump conditions, and prescribe a thermodynamically consistent constitutive/kinetic structure for interface evolution.

Anurag Gupta; David Steigmann

2011-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

168

Plastic Deformation of 2D Crumpled Wires  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

When a single long piece of elastic wire is injected trough channels into a confining two-dimensional cavity, a complex structure of hierarchical loops is formed. In the limit of maximum packing density, these structures are described by several scaling laws. In this paper it is investigated this packing process but using plastic wires which give origin to completely irreversible structures of different morphology. In particular, it is studied experimentally the plastic deformation from circular to oblate configurations of crumpled wires, obtained by the application of an axial strain. Among other things, it is shown that in spite of plasticity, irreversibility, and very large deformations, scaling is still observed.

M A F Gomes; V P Brito; A S O Coelho; C C Donato

2008-11-17T23:59:59.000Z

169

INVESTIGATION Yeast Growth Plasticity Is Regulated by  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Stanford University, Palo Alto, California 94304, BioMaPS Institute for Quantitative Biology, Rutgers to enhance or reduce the plasticity in a population. Several studies have identified roles of single genes

Sinha, Himanshu

170

(Data in thousand metric tons of copper content, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: Domestic mine production in 2000 declined to 1.45 million metric tons and was  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

scrap, brass mills recovered 67%; copper smelters and refiners,18%; ingot makers, 11%; and miscellaneous52 COPPER (Data in thousand metric tons of copper content, unless otherwise noted) Domestic, and Montana, accounted for 99% of domestic production; copper was also recovered at mines in three other

171

(Data in thousand metric tons of copper content, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: Domestic mine production in 1998 declined to 1.85 million metric tons and was  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, copper smelters and refiners recovered 23%; ingot makers, 10%; brass mills, 63%; and miscellaneous56 COPPER (Data in thousand metric tons of copper content, unless otherwise noted) Domestic, Nevada, and Montana, accounted for 99% of domestic production; copper was also recovered at mines

172

Application of Desiccant Drying in Plastic Molding  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

APPLICATION OF DESICCANT DRYING IN PLASTIC MOLDING Michael Brown, P.E. Greg Connors, P.E. Douglas Moore, P.E. Senior Research Engr. Industrial Engr. Senior Research Engr. Ga. Tech Research Inst. Atlanta Gas Light Co. Ga. Tech Research Inst... will condense on refrigerated display doors. In ice rinks, condensation will occur on the ice surface causing it to soften if the humidity too high. In plastic molding, chilled water is provi ed to rapidly cool the finished parts. Cooling incr...

Brown, M.; Connors, G.; Moore, D.

173

PLASTIC: Providing Lightweight & Adaptable Service Technology for Pervasive Information & Communication  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PLASTIC: Providing Lightweight & Adaptable Service Technology for Pervasive Information@tid.es Abstract The PLASTIC project adopts and revisits service- oriented computing for Beyond 3rd Generation (B3G. Specifically, PLASTIC introduces the PLASTIC platform to enable robust distributed lightweight services in B3G

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

174

Plastic strain due to twinning in austenitic TWIP steels  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Plastic strain due to twinning in austenitic TWIP steels B. Qin and H. K. D. H. Bhadeshia* Twinning induced plasticity steels are austenitic alloys in which mechanical twinning is a prominent deformation, Twinning, Twinning induced plasticity, Automobiles Introduction Mechanical twinning is a plastic

Cambridge, University of

175

Influence of plastic deformation on bimaterial fault rupture directivity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Influence of plastic deformation on bimaterial fault rupture directivity Nora DeDontney,1 Elizabeth of the role of the stress state on the distribution of plastic deformation and the direction of preferred in determining the location of plastic deformation. For different orientations, plastic deformation can

Dmowska, Renata

176

Seismology of plastic deformation Jero^me Weiss *, Francois Louchet  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Seismology of plastic deformation Je´ro^me Weiss *, Franc¸ois Louchet Laboratoire de Glaciologie et-free critical picture of dislocational plasticity that challenges the classical continuum models of plasticity rights reserved. Keywords: Acoustic methods; Dislocation dynamics; Plastic deformation; Self

Weiss, Jérôme

177

Plastic flow in solids with interfaces Anurag Gupta  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Plastic flow in solids with interfaces Anurag Gupta David. J. Steigmann November 22, 2011 Abstract a plastically deforming solid is developed. The irreversible dynamics of the interface are driven by its normal motion, incoherency (slip and misorientation), and an intrinsic plastic flow; and purely by plastic

Boyer, Edmond

178

Plasticity of opsin gene expression in cichlids from Lake Malawi  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Plasticity of opsin gene expression in cichlids from Lake Malawi CHRISTOPHER M. HOFMANN, KELLY E. O plasticity has important evolutionary implications. In this study, we examined retinal plasticity in five found that the magnitude of plasticity varied across species. These findings have important implications

Carleton, Karen L.

179

Phenotypic Plasticity KAILEN A. MOONEY AND ANURAG A. AGRAWAL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

43 FO U R Phenotypic Plasticity KAILEN A. MOONEY AND ANURAG A. AGRAWAL Phenotypic plasticity (Fig. 4.1A). Such plasticity is nearly ubiquitous in nature and occurs in various animal and plant phenotypes, including behavior, physiology, and morphology. Pheno- typic plasticity may be observed as both

Mooney, Kailen A.

180

Development/Plasticity/Repair Group I Metabotropic Glutamate Receptors Control  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Development/Plasticity/Repair Group I Metabotropic Glutamate Receptors Control Metaplasticity the spinal cord can support several forms of plasticity, including response­outcome (instrumental) learning. This inhibi- tion of plasticity in spinal learning is itself a form of plasticity that requires i

Grau, James

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "miscellaneous plastic products" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

A single hardening elasto-plastic model for Kaolin clay with loading-history-dependent plastic potential function  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A single hardening elasto-plastic model for Kaolin clay with loading-history- dependent plastic and failure criteria are found to be strongly dependent on the principal stress rotation angle () and plastic work. A unique plastic potential function determined solely by the current stress state

Prashant, Amit

182

Results obtained using the Plastic Ball  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Single-particle inclusive experiments, and experiments that additionally measure a few correlations like the associated multiplicity, have provided the main contribution to our present understanding of high-energy heavy-ion collisions. The results from those experiments are in overall agreement with calculations of the cascade and hydrodynamical models. In the cascade model the collision of two nuclei is simulated as a cascade of nucleon-nucleon collisions using measured N-N cross sections. The hydrodynamical model, on the other hand, describes the nuclear collision as that of two fluids and makes use of a nuclear equation of state relating thermal and compressional energy densities to pressure. The pressure field dominates the expansion phase and leads to collective flow of the reaction products in a preferred direction. The observation of such effects in inclusive experiments is not well established. Collective effects that manifest themselves in the shape of the event in phase space are expected to be seen best in complete event detectors that measure the final state as exclusively as presently possible by measuring most of the charged particles emitted in the reaction. In addition, those detectors are well suited to test macroscopic concepts such as equilibrium and temperature. Global methods like the sphericity or thrust analysis take into account all the correlations measured in the event and are specially designed to determine the shape of an event in phase space and thus to define a reaction plane. Recent data from the Plastic Ball experiment about the study of nuclear stopping and thermalization and on global analysis are presented.

Ritter, H.G.; Gustafsson, H.A.; Gutbrod, H.H.

1983-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Miscellaneous Information Reference Guide  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Health, August 31, 2011, http://ods.od.nih.gov/ factsheets/calcium *Duff, R.L., The Academy of Nutrition, National Institutes of Health NIH Publication No. 10.7407, April 2010, http:// nkdep.nih Program, National Institutes of Health NIH Publication, http:// www

184

Miscellaneous Fees Associate Student  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

). [Fees for the supervised MD and ChM will be at the standard part-time postgraduate rate] £900 Re

Levi, Ran

185

Miscellaneous Proved Nonproducing Reserves  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelines About U.S.30Natural Gas Glossary529 6330 04 19 15 15Thousand CubicYear46 4722 35 42724 7

186

Miscellaneous EPA Submittals  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLas Conchas recovery challenge fundProject8 -3EutecticMindingMira Performance BootMirek

187

LIFE CYCLE ANALYSIS: COMPARING PLA PLASTIC FOOD USE PRODUCTS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the analysis. BFS, however, avoids this energy input by purchasing a starch that is a waste stream from another ....................................................................................... 7 4.2 BFS: Purchase of Potato Wash

188

Electroless metal plating of plastics  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Process for plating main group metals on aromatic polymers is carried out by the use of a nonaqueous solution of a salt of an alkali metal in a positive valence state and a main group metal in a negative valence state with contact between the solution and polymer providing a redox reaction causing the deposition of the main group metal and the reduction of the polymer. Products from the process exhibit useful decorative and electrical properties.

Krause, Lawrence J. (Chicago, IL)

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

Electroless metal plating of plastics  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Process for plating main group metals on aromatic polymers is carried out by the use of a nonaqueous solution of a salt of an alkali metal in a positive valence state and a main group metal in a negative valence state with contact between the solution and polymer providing a redox reaction causing the deposition of the main group metal and the reduction of the polymer. Products from the process exhibit useful decorative and electrical properties.

Krause, L.J.

1982-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

190

Electroless metal plating of plastics  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Process for plating main group metals on aromatic polymers is carried out by the use of a nonaqueous solution of a salt of an alkali metal in a positive valence state and a main group metal in a negative valence state with contact between the solution and polymer providing a redox reaction causing the deposition of the main group metal and the reduction of the polymer. Products from the process exhibit useful decorative and electrical properties.

Krause, Lawrence J. (Chicago, IL)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

THE PLASTIC BALL - A MULTI-DETECTOR, LARGE SOLID ANGLE SPECTROMETER WITH CHARGED PARTICLE IDENTIFICATION FOR THE BEVALAC  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of charged particles in a Plastic Ball module. (XBL 7910-of Califomia. THE PLASTIC BALL - A MULTI-DETECTOR, LARGEBerkeley, California Summary PLASTIC 8/>Ll PLASTIC WALL For

Maier, M.R.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Miniature plastic gripper and fabrication method  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A miniature plastic gripper actuated by inflation of a miniature balloon and method of fabricating same. The gripper is constructed of either heat-shrinkable or heat-expandable plastic tubing and is formed around a mandrel, then cut to form gripper prongs or jaws and the mandrel removed. The gripper is connected at one end with a catheter or tube having an actuating balloon at its tip, whereby the gripper is opened or closed by inflation or deflation of the balloon. The gripper is designed to removably retain a member to which is connected a quantity or medicine, plugs, or micro-components. The miniature plastic gripper is inexpensive to fabricate and can be used for various applications, such as gripping, sorting, or placing of micron-scale particles for analysis.

Benett, William J. (Livermore, CA); Krulevitch, Peter A. (Los Altos, CA); Lee, Abraham P. (Walnut Creek, CA); Northrup, Milton A. (Berkeley, CA); Folta, James A. (Livermore, CA)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Fabrication method for miniature plastic gripper  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A miniature plastic gripper is described actuated by inflation of a miniature balloon and method of fabricating same. The gripper is constructed of either heat-shrinkable or heat-expandable plastic tubing and is formed around a mandrel, then cut to form gripper prongs or jaws and the mandrel removed. The gripper is connected at one end with a catheter or tube having an actuating balloon at its tip, whereby the gripper is opened or dosed by inflation or deflation of the balloon. The gripper is designed to removably retain a member to which is connected a quantity or medicine, plugs, or micro-components. The miniature plastic gripper is inexpensive to fabricate and can be used for various applications, such as gripping, sorting, or placing of micron-scale particles for analysis. 8 figs.

Benett, W.J.; Krulevitch, P.A.; Lee, A.P.; Northrup, M.A.; Folta, J.A.

1998-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

194

Miniature plastic gripper and fabrication method  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A miniature plastic gripper actuated by inflation of a miniature balloon and method of fabricating same are disclosed. The gripper is constructed of either heat-shrinkable or heat-expandable plastic tubing and is formed around a mandrel, then cut to form gripper prongs or jaws and the mandrel removed. The gripper is connected at one end with a catheter or tube having an actuating balloon at its tip, whereby the gripper is opened or closed by inflation or deflation of the balloon. The gripper is designed to removably retain a member to which is connected a quantity or medicine, plugs, or micro-components. The miniature plastic gripper is inexpensive to fabricate and can be used for various applications, such as gripping, sorting, or placing of micron-scale particles for analysis. 8 figs.

Benett, W.J.; Krulevitch, P.A.; Lee, A.P.; Northrup, M.A.; Folta, J.A.

1997-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

195

Fabrication method for miniature plastic gripper  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A miniature plastic gripper actuated by inflation of a miniature balloon and method of fabricating same. The gripper is constructed of either heat-shrinkable or heat-expandable plastic tubing and is formed around a mandrel, then cut to form gripper prongs or jaws and the mandrel removed. The gripper is connected at one end with a catheter or tube having an actuating balloon at its tip, whereby the gripper is opened or dosed by inflation or deflation of the balloon. The gripper is designed to removably retain a member to which is connected a quantity or medicine, plugs, or micro-components. The miniature plastic gripper is inexpensive to fabricate and can be used for various applications, such as gripping, sorting, or placing of micron-scale particles for analysis.

Benett, William J. (Livermore, CA); Krulevitch, Peter A. (Los Altos, CA); Lee, Abraham P. (Walnut Creek, CA); Northrup, Milton A. (Berkeley, CA); Folta, James A. (Livermore, CA)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

PLASTIC DEFORMATION OF CRYSTALS: ANALYTICAL AND COMPUTER SIMULATION STUDIES OF DISLOCATION GLIDE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in Rate Processes in Plastic Deformation of Materials, J. C.PLASTIC DEFORMATION OF CRYSTALS: ANALYTICAL AND COMPUTERCAPTIONS FIGURES - iii - PLASTIC DEFORMATION OF CRYSTALS:

Altintas, Sabri

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

EFFECT OF GRAIN SIZE ON THE ACOUSTIC EMISSION GENERATED DURING PLASTIC DEFORMATION OF COPPER  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PLASTIC DEFORMATION OF COPPER J, Baram Materials Engineeringfrom plastically deformed copper specimens were analyzedrelated to the behavior of copper while undergoing plastic

Baram, J.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Plasticity of the Dakota Clays of Kansas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of plasticity from the physico-chemical direction were made by more recent investigators, for example, Ashley, in this cotmnfcry, has experimented with clays in order to e:q}lain th9 cause of plasticity by measuring the colloids of the clay. He was then able... of the present day conception of the colloidal state of' matter, Thomas Graham (9) an English physicist, working on his classical experiments 1860 - 64, on diffusion or dtlysis was led to divide substances into two groups, according *as the rate of diffusion...

Belchic, George

1915-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Streamlined Approach for Environmental Restoration Plan for Corrective Action Unit 121: Storage Tanks and Miscellaneous Sites, Nevada Test Site, Nevada  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This Streamlined Approach for Environmental Restoration (SAFER) Plan identifies the activities required for the closure of Corrective Action Unit (CAU) 121, Storage Tanks and Miscellaneous Sites. CAU 121 is currently listed in Appendix III of the ''Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order'' (FFACO, 1996) and consists of three Corrective Action Sites (CASs) located in Area 12 of the Nevada Test Site (NTS): CAS 12-01-01, Aboveground Storage Tank; CAS 12-01-02, Aboveground Storage Tank; and CAS 12-22-26, Drums; 2 AST's. CASs 12-01-01 and 12-01-02 are located to the west of the Area 12 Camp, and CAS 12-22-26 is located near the U-12g Tunnel, also known as G-tunnel, in Area 12 (Figure 1). The aboveground storage tanks (ASTs) present at CASs 12-01-01 and 12-01-02 will be removed and disposed of at an appropriate facility. Soil below the ASTs will be sampled to identify whether it has been impacted with chemicals or radioactivity above action levels. If impacted soil above action levels is present, the soil will be excavated and disposed of at an appropriate facility. The CAS 12-22-26 site is composed of two overlapping areas, one where drums had formerly been stored, and the other where an AST was used to dispense diesel for locomotives used at G-tunnel. This area is located above an underground radioactive materials area (URMA), and within an area that may have elevated background radioactivity because of containment breaches during nuclear tests and associated tunnel reentry operations. CAS 12-22-26 does not include the URMA or the elevated background radioactivity. An AST that had previously been used to store liquid magnesium chloride (MgCl) was properly disposed of several years ago, and releases from this tank are not an environmental concern. The diesel AST will be removed and disposed of at an appropriate facility. Soil at the former drum area and the diesel AST area will be sampled to identify whether it has been impacted by releases, from the drums or the AST, with chemicals or radioactivity above action levels. CAS 12-22-26 has different potential closure pathways that are dependent upon the concentrations and chemicals detected. If only petroleum hydrocarbons are detected above action levels, then the area will be use-restricted. It will not be excavated because of the more significant hazard of excavating within a URMA. Similarly, polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) will only be excavated for concentrations of 50 parts per million (ppm) or greater, if there are no other factors that require excavation. For PCBs at concentrations above 1 ppm, the area will be use-restricted as required by Title 40, Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) Part 761 for PCBs (CFR, 2006), in the ''Toxic Substances Control Act'' (TSCA). Other chemicals at concentrations above the final action levels (FALs) will be excavated. If radioactivity is above action levels, then the soil will be excavated only to a depth of 1 foot (ft) below ground surface (bgs) and replaced with clean fill. This action is intended to remove the ''hot spot'' on the surface caused by leakage from a drum, and not to remediate the URMA.

NSTec Environmental Restoration

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Transformation induced plasticity assisted steels: stress or strain affected martensitic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Transformation induced plasticity assisted steels: stress or strain affected martensitic transformation? S. Chatterjee and H. K. D. H. Bhadeshia* Transformation induced plasticity (TRIP) assisted steels contain a small quantity of carbon enriched retained austenite, which transforms into martensite during

Cambridge, University of

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "miscellaneous plastic products" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

A mobile antineutrino detector with plastic scintillators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We propose a new type segmented antineutrino detector made of plastic scintillators for the nuclear safeguard application. A small prototype was built and tested to measure background events. A satisfactory unmanned field operation of the detector system was demonstrated. Besides, a detailed Monte Carlo simulation code was developed to estimate the antineutrino detection efficiency of the detector.

Yasuhiro Kuroda; Shugo Oguri; Yo Kato; Ryoko Nakata; Yoshizumi Inoue; Chikara Ito; Makoto Minowa

2012-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

202

insect Phenotypic Plasticity Diversity of Responses  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Illinois State University Normal,IL, USA ~Science Publishers, Inc. Enfield (NH),USA Plymouth, UK ~Oo5 #12. Published by Science Publishers, Inc., Enfield, NH, USA Printed in India. #12;Behavioral Diversity and its Insect phenotypic plasticity editors, T.N. Ananthakrishnan. Douglas Whitman. p. em. Includes

Gadagkar, Raghavendra

203

CONTAINED PLASTIC DEFORMATION NEAR CRACKS AND NOTCHES UNDER LONGITUDINAL SHEAR  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CONTAINED PLASTIC DEFORMATION NEAR CRACKS AND NOTCHES UNDER LONGITUDINAL SHEAR James R. Rice* ABSTRACT An exact linear elastic-perfectly plastic solution is presented for the problem of a sharp notch coordinates corresponding to given stresses, position of the elastic-plastic boundary, and accompanying

204

TIME DOMAIN REFLECTOMETRY MEASUREMENT AND HIGHLY PLASTIC CLAYS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 TIME DOMAIN REFLECTOMETRY MEASUREMENT AND HIGHLY PLASTIC CLAYS By: J. A. Kuhn1 and J. G. Zornberg for use in highly plastic clay. The clay used for experimentation was taken locally from the Eagle Ford Ford Clay is determined. INTRODUCTION The progression of wetting and drying fronts in highly plastic

Zornberg, Jorge G.

205

Towards Model Driven Engineering of Plastic User Interfaces  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Towards Model Driven Engineering of Plastic User Interfaces Jean-Sébastien Sottet CLIPS of a same UI are to be produced for different platforms. The development of plastic user interfaces is even more demanding. In Human Computer Interaction, plasticity denotes the capacity of a UI to withstand

206

Ecient elasto-plastic simulation ICA, University of Stuttgart, Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EÃ?cient elasto-plastic simulation C. Wieners ICA, University of Stuttgart, Germany Summary. In this paper we describe a method for the construction of radial re- turn algorithms to the plasticity models plasticity, the constitutive equations are determined by the free energy functional and a monotone function

Wieners, Christian

207

Glassy and plastic crystals of cyanoadamantane : a Brillouin scattering investigation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

L-617 « Glassy » and plastic crystals of cyanoadamantane : a Brillouin scattering investigation J. Abstract. 2014 The elastic constants ofcyanoadamantane have been measured in the plastic and « glassy temperature. The temperature dependence of C11 in the plastic phase has been explain- ed by the setting

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

208

1 Visco-plastic rheology 1.1 Effective viscosity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Visco-plastic rheology 1.1 Effective viscosity Rheology specifies the relationship between viscosity eff, = 2eff , (2) which includes viscous and plastic components, 1 eff = 1 visc + 1 plast . (3) Also the strain rate tensor can be split into viscous and plastic part, = visc + plast , (4) where

Cerveny, Vlastislav

209

Veteran's Administration Medical Center General Plastic Surgery Rotation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Veteran's Administration Medical Center General Plastic Surgery Rotation 2nd year Resident By the end of the Plastic Surgery Rotation at the VAMC, the 2nd year residents are expected to expand with the following conditions that require plastic surgery, including but not limited to: · Upper extremity

Cui, Yan

210

Macroscopic yield criteria for plastic anisotropic materials containing spheroidal  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Macroscopic yield criteria for plastic anisotropic materials containing spheroidal voids Vincent-Leblond-Devaux's (GLD) analysis of an rigid-ideal plastic (von Mises) spheroidal volume containing a confocal spheroidal of the proposed approximate yield criterion for plastic anisotropic media containing non-spherical voids

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

211

PLASTICIZER RETENTION IN PVC GEOMEMBRANES T. D. Stark1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 PLASTICIZER RETENTION IN PVC GEOMEMBRANES T. D. Stark1 , H. Choi2 , and P. W. Diebel3 1, Ontario, Canada, N1R 5T6; PH (519)623-1630; email: PDiebel@cgtower.com ABSTRACT: Plasticizers are used to make PVC flexible so it can be used as a geomembrane for containment purposes. Plasticizers can migrate

212

Phenotypic plasticity: linking molecular mechanisms with evolutionary outcomes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Phenotypic plasticity: linking molecular mechanisms with evolutionary outcomes CARL D. SCHLICHTING1-ordinating editor: A. Novoplansky Abstract. We argue that phenotypic plasticity should be broadly construed level, all plastic responses originate at the level of individual cells, which receive and process

Novoplansky, Ariel

213

Plasticity in fretting of coated substrates Matthew R. Begleya  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Plasticity in fretting of coated substrates Matthew R. Begleya , John W. Hutchinsonb of the plastic deformation in a metal substrate fretted by a ¯at- bottomed circular peg under steady normal load of the corners of the peg. Deformation within the plastic zone is characterized, including regions of elastic

Hutchinson, John W.

214

Giant Plasticity of a Quantum Crystal Ariel Haziot,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Giant Plasticity of a Quantum Crystal Ariel Haziot,1 Xavier Rojas,1 Andrew D. Fefferman,1 John R crystals may irreversibly deform. This phenomenon is known as plasticity and it is due to the motion and in the zero temperature limit, helium 4 crystals present a giant plasticity that is anisotropic and reversible

Balibar, Sébastien

215

Phenotypic Plasticity Opposes Species Invasions by Altering Fitness Surface  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Phenotypic Plasticity Opposes Species Invasions by Altering Fitness Surface Scott D. Peacor1 ecological processes. However, the influence on invasions of phenotypic plasticity, a key component of many species interactions, is unknown. We present a model in which phenotypic plasticity of a resident species

216

Developmental Plasticity in Cartesian Genetic Programming Artificial Neural Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Developmental Plasticity in Cartesian Genetic Programming Artificial Neural Networks Maryam Mahsal developmental plasticity in Artificial Neural Networks using Carte- sian Genetic Programming. This is inspired by developmental plasticity that exists in the biological brain allowing it to adapt to a changing environment

Fernandez, Thomas

217

A study of microbend test by strain gradient plasticity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A study of microbend test by strain gradient plasticity W. Wanga , Y. Huangb, *, K.J. Hsiac , K with plastic deformation is on the order of microns. This size effect cannot be explained by classical plasticity theories since their constitutive relations do not have an intrinsic material length. Strain

Hsia, K Jimmy

218

Plasticity of metal nanowires Christopher R. Weinberger*a  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Plasticity of metal nanowires Christopher R. Weinberger*a and Wei Cai*b Received 2nd August 2011, Accepted 24th November 2011 DOI: 10.1039/c2jm13682a The mechanisms of plasticity in metal nanowires with diameters below 100 nm are reviewed. At these length scales, plasticity in face-centered-cubic metals

Cai, Wei

219

Reversible plasticity in amorphous materials Micah Lundberg1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Reversible plasticity in amorphous materials Micah Lundberg1 , Kapilanjan Krishan1 , Ning Xu2 to external loads. Plasticity, i.e. dis- sipative and irreversible macroscopic changes in a material for reversible plastic events at the microscopic scale in both experiments and simulations of two

Dennin, Michael

220

Harnessing plasticity to understand learning and treat disease  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Harnessing plasticity to understand learning and treat disease Michael P. Kilgard The University, USA A large body of evidence suggests that neural plasticity contributes to learning and disease. Recent studies sug- gest that cortical map plasticity is typically a transient phase that improves

Kilgard, Michael P.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "miscellaneous plastic products" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Phenotypic plasticity facilitates recurrent rapid adaptation to introduced predators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Phenotypic plasticity facilitates recurrent rapid adaptation to introduced predators Alison G) A central role for phenotypic plasticity in adaptive evolution is often posited yet lacks empirical support of preexisting developmental pathways, producing rapid adaptive change. We examined the role of plasticity

Pfrender, Michael

222

Developmental plasticity in plants: implications of non-cognitive behavior  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Developmental plasticity in plants: implications of non- cognitive behavior ARIEL NOVOPLANSKY of interest in phenotypic plasticity in the last two decades. Most studies, however, are being carried out- logical and evolutionary approaches to the study of developmental plasticity. So as to focus

Novoplansky, Ariel

223

Plastics, materials and dreams of dematerialization Bernadette Bensaude Vincent  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Plastics, materials and dreams of dematerialization Bernadette Bensaude Vincent Published in J. Gabrys, G. Hawkins, M. Michael eds, Accumulation: The Material Politics of Plastic London, Routledge, pp. 17-29. `Plastics happen; that is all we need to know on earth.' This remark is extracted from Gain

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

224

Plasticity at the micron scale John W. Hutchinson*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Plasticity at the micron scale John W. Hutchinson* Division of Engineering and Applied Sciences into the plastic range: smaller is stronger. This eect has important implications for an increasing number of applications in electronics, structural materials and MEMS. Plastic behavior at this scale cannot

Hutchinson, John W.

225

Morley Symposium on Concrete Plasticity and its Application. University of Cambridge 23 THE PLASTICITY OF UNREINFORCED CONCRETE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Morley Symposium on Concrete Plasticity and its Application. University of Cambridge 23 rd July, 2007 THE PLASTICITY OF UNREINFORCED CONCRETE Jacques HEYMAN Department of Engineering, University of Cambridge, UK Keywords: Mass concrete, plasticity 1 THE MATERIAL If a material is to be structurally useful

Burgoyne, Chris

226

Method of coextruding plastics to form a composite sheet  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

This invention pertains to a method of producing a composite sheet of plastic materials by means of coextrusion. Two plastic materials are matched with respect to their melt indices. These matched plastic materials are then coextruded in a side-by-side orientation while hot and soft to form a composite sheet having a substantially uniform demarkation therebetween. The plastic materials are fed at a substantially equal extrusion velocity and generally have substantially equal viscosities. The coextruded plastics can be worked after coextrusion while they are still hot and soft.

Tsien, Hsue C. (Chatham Township, Morris County, NJ)

1985-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

227

Method of cleaning plastics using super and subcritical media  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method for treating a plastic, such as polyethylene or polypropylene, to remove at least a portion of at least one contaminant includes combining the plastic with a supercritical medium, such as carbon dioxide or sulfur hexafluoride, whereby at least a portion of the contaminant dissolves in the supercritical medium. Alternatively, the plastic can be combined with a suitable liquid medium, such as carbon dioxide or liquid sulfur hexafluoride. At least a portion of the medium, containing the dissolved contaminant, is separated from the plastic, thereby removing at least a portion of the contaminant from the plastic. 10 figs.

Sawan, S.P.; Spall, W.D.; Talhi, A.

1998-05-26T23:59:59.000Z

228

Method of cleaning plastics using super and subcritical media  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method for treating a plastic, such as polyethylene or polypropylene, to remove at least a portion of at least one contaminant includes combining the plastic with a supercritical medium, such as carbon dioxide or sulfur hexafluoride, whereby at least a portion of the contaminant dissolves in the supercritical medium. Alternatively, the plastic can be combined with a suitable liquid medium, such as carbon dioxide or liquid sulfur hexafluoride. At least a portion of the medium, containing the dissolved contaminant, is separated from the plastic, thereby removing at least a portion of the contaminant from the plastic.

Sawan, Samuel P. (Tyngsborough, MA); Spall, W. Dale (Los Alamos, NM); Talhi, Abdelhafid (Nashua, NH)

1998-05-26T23:59:59.000Z

229

Thin Film Transistors On Plastic Substrates  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A process for formation of thin film transistors (TFTs) on plastic substrates replaces standard thin film transistor fabrication techniques, and uses sufficiently lower processing temperatures so that inexpensive plastic substrates may be used in place of standard glass, quartz, and silicon wafer-based substrates. The silicon based thin film transistor produced by the process includes a low temperature substrate incapable of withstanding sustained processing temperatures greater than about 250.degree. C., an insulating layer on the substrate, a layer of silicon on the insulating layer having sections of doped silicon, undoped silicon, and poly-silicon, a gate dielectric layer on the layer of silicon, a layer of gate metal on the dielectric layer, a layer of oxide on sections of the layer of silicon and the layer of gate metal, and metal contacts on sections of the layer of silicon and layer of gate metal defining source, gate, and drain contacts, and interconnects.

Carey, Paul G. (Mountain View, CA); Smith, Patrick M. (San Ramon, CA); Sigmon, Thomas W. (Portola Valley, CA); Aceves, Randy C. (Livermore, CA)

2004-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

230

Emergence of cooperativity in plasticity of soft glassy materials  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The elastic coupling between plastic events is generally invoked to interpret plastic properties and failure of amorphous soft glassy materials. We report an experiment where the emergence of a self-organized plastic flow is observed well before the failure. For this we impose an homogeneous stress on a granular material, and measure local deformations for very small strain increments using a light scattering setup. We observe a non-homogeneous strain that appears as transient bands of mesoscopic size and well defined orientation, different from the angle of the macroscopic frictional shear band that appears at failure. The presence and the orientation of those micro-bands may be understood by considering how localized plastic reorganizations redistribute stresses in a surrounding continuous elastic medium. We characterize the lengthscale and persistence of the structure. The presence of plastic events and the mesostructure of the plastic flow are compared to numerical simulations.

Le Bouil Antoine; Amon Axelle; McNamara Sean; Crassous Jérôme

2014-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

231

Volume reduction of hot cell plastic wastes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The disposal of radioactively-contaminated solid wastes has become a national crisis. In such circumstances, it is imperative that this waste be reduced to minimum volume and be packaged to prevent pollution of the environment. The majority of the solid waste generated at the hot cell under consideration is plastic lab ware. Cutting this waste into small pieces with a hot wire technique reduced the volume 66%. Melting the waste, although more time consuming, reduced the volume 90%. The hot wire technique can also be used to cut up damaged master slave manipulator boots, greatly reducing their disposal volume.

Dykes, F W; Henscheid, J P; Lewis, L C; Lundholm, C W; Nicklas, J H

1989-09-19T23:59:59.000Z

232

Collective flow measured with the Plastic Ball  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The experimental results from the Plastic Ball detector have contributed vastly to the understanding of the reaction mechanism of nuclear collisions at several hundred MeV per nucleon. The discovery of the collective flow phenomena (bounce-off of spectator fragments, side-splash in the reaction plane, and squeeze-out out of the reaction plane), as they were predicted by hydrodynamical models, has led to the experimental observation of compressed nuclear matter, which is a necessary condition before one can study the equation of state in detail and search for phase transitions at higher energies. 39 refs., 9 figs., 1 tab.

Ritter, H.G.; Gutbrod, H.H.; Kampert, K.H.; Kolb, B.; Poskanzer, A.M.; Schicker, R.; Schmidt, H.R.; Siemiarczuk, T.

1989-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Plastic Magen Industry | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy ResourcesLoadingPenobscot County, Maine: EnergyPierceJump81647° LoadingPlainPlano, TX)PlasmaTechPlastic

234

Internal Stress in a Model Elasto-Plastic Fluid  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Plastic materials can carry memory of past mechanical treatment in the form of internal stress. We introduce a natural definition of the vorticity of internal stress in a simple two-dimensional model of elasto-plastic fluids, which generates the internal stress. We demonstrate how the internal stress is induced under external loading, and how the presence of the internal stress modifies the plastic behavior.

Takeshi Ooshida; Ken Sekimoto

2005-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

235

Poly(lactic acid) degradable plastics, coatings, and binders  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Biochemical processes to derive value from the management of high carbohydrate food wastes, such as potato starch, corn starch, and cheese whey permeate, have typically been limited to the production of either ethanol or methane. Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) believes that lactic acid presents an attractive option for an alternate fermentation end product, especially in light of lactic acids' being a viable candidate for conversion to environmentally safe poly(lactic acid) (PLA) degradable plastics, coatings, and binders. Technology is being developed at ANL to permit a more cost effective route to modified high molecular weight PLA. Preliminary data on the degradation behavior of these modified PLAs shows the retention to the inherent hydrolytic degradability of the PLA modified, however, by introduced compositional variables. A limited study was done on the hydrolytic stability of soluble oligomers of poly(L-lactic acid). Over a 34 day hold period, water-methanol solutions of Pl-LA oligomers in the 2-10 DP range retained some 75% of their original molecular weight.

Bonsignore, P.V.; Coleman, R.D.; Mudde, J.P.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Poly(lactic acid) degradable plastics, coatings, and binders  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Biochemical processes to derive value from the management of high carbohydrate food wastes, such as potato starch, corn starch, and cheese whey permeate, have typically been limited to the production of either ethanol or methane. Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) believes that lactic acid presents an attractive option for an alternate fermentation end product, especially in light of lactic acids` being a viable candidate for conversion to environmentally safe poly(lactic acid) (PLA) degradable plastics, coatings, and binders. Technology is being developed at ANL to permit a more cost effective route to modified high molecular weight PLA. Preliminary data on the degradation behavior of these modified PLAs shows the retention to the inherent hydrolytic degradability of the PLA modified, however, by introduced compositional variables. A limited study was done on the hydrolytic stability of soluble oligomers of poly(L-lactic acid). Over a 34 day hold period, water-methanol solutions of Pl-LA oligomers in the 2-10 DP range retained some 75% of their original molecular weight.

Bonsignore, P.V.; Coleman, R.D.; Mudde, J.P.

1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

auditory system plasticity: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

two experiments which used auditory evoked potentials Trainor, Laurel J. 7 Plasticity and Perception in Primary Auditory Cortex University of California eScholarship Repository...

238

Beryllium-7 Implantation in Plastics for Prosthesis Wear Studies...  

Office of Science (SC) Website

instrumentation: 7Be Implantation in Plastics for Prosthesis Wear Studies Developed at: Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Holifield Radioactive Ion Beam Facility (HRIBF) Developed...

239

HCI AND SOFTWARE ENGINEERING FOR USER INTERFACE PLASTICITY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

52 HCI AND SOFTWARE ENGINEERING FOR USER INTERFACE PLASTICITY Joëlle analysis are perceived as too demand- ing in terms of time and competence

Boyer, Edmond

240

SciTech Connect: CRACK TIP PLASTICITY AND FRACTURE INITIATION...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

N50000* --Metals, Ceramics, & Other Materials; CRACKS; FRACTURE PROPERTIES; METALS BUILDING MATERIALSfracture of metal, crack tip plasticity and initiation criteria for;...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "miscellaneous plastic products" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Statistics of spikes trains, synaptic plasticity and Gibbs distributions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We introduce a mathematical framework where the statistics of spikes trains, produced by neural networks evolving under synaptic plasticity, can be analysed.

B. Cessac; H. Rostro; J. C. Vasquez; T. Viéville

2008-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

242

Dislocations, Plasticity and Metal Forming: Proceedings of PLASTICITY'03: The Tenth International Symposium on Plasticity and its Current Applications, A.A. Khan, R. Kazmi and J. Zhou (eds.). Maryland: NEAT Press.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dislocations, Plasticity and Metal Forming: Proceedings of PLASTICITY'03: The Tenth International Symposium on Plasticity and its Current Applications, A.A. Khan, R. Kazmi and J. Zhou (eds.). Maryland: NEAT Press. 570 A UNIFIED MULTIAXIAL FORMULATION TO DESCRIBE YIELDING, PLASTIC POTENTIAL, AND LIMIT STATES

Aubertin, Michel

243

The potential environmental gains from recycling waste plastics: Simulation of transferring recycling and recovery technologies to Shenyang, China  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Research highlights: {yields} Urban symbiosis creates compatibility of industrial development and waste management. {yields} Mechanical technology leads to more CO{sub 2} emission reduction. {yields} Energy recovery technology leads to more fossil fuel saving. {yields} Clean energy makes recycling technologies cleaner. {yields} Demand management is crucial for realizing potential environmental gains of recycling. - Abstract: With the increasing attention on developing a low-carbon economy, it is necessary to seek appropriate ways on reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions through innovative municipal solid waste management (MSWM), such as urban symbiosis. However, quantitative assessments on the environmental benefits of urban symbiosis, especially in developing countries, are limited because only a limited number of planned synergistic activities have been successful and it is difficult to acquire detailed inventory data from private companies. This paper modifies and applies a two-step simulation system and used it to assess the potential environmental benefits, including the reduction of GHG emissions and saving of fossil fuels, by employing various Japanese plastics recycling/energy-recovery technologies in Shenyang, China. The results showed that among various recycling/energy-recovery technologies, the mechanical waste plastics recycling technology, which produces concrete formwork boards (NF boards), has the greatest potential in terms of reducing GHG emissions (1.66 kg CO{sub 2}e/kg plastics), whereas the technology for the production of refuse plastic fuel (RPF) has the greatest potential on saving fossil fuel consumption (0.77 kgce/kg-plastics). Additional benefits can be gained by applying combined technologies that cascade the utilization of waste plastics. Moreover, the development of clean energy in conjunction with the promotion of new waste plastics recycling programs could contribute to additional reductions in GHG emissions and fossil fuel consumption.

Chen Xudong, E-mail: chen.xudong@nies.go.jp [Institute of Applied Ecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, No. 72 Wenhua Road, Shenyang 110016 (China); National Institute for Environmental Studies, 16-2 Onogawa, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8506 (Japan); Graduate School of Environmental Studies, Nagoya University, Furo-cho, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya City 464-8601 (Japan); Xi Fengming [Institute of Applied Ecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, No. 72 Wenhua Road, Shenyang 110016 (China); Geng Yong, E-mail: gengyong@iae.ac.cn [Institute of Applied Ecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, No. 72 Wenhua Road, Shenyang 110016 (China); Fujita, Tsuyoshi [National Institute for Environmental Studies, 16-2 Onogawa, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8506 (Japan); Graduate School of Environmental Studies, Nagoya University, Furo-cho, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya City 464-8601 (Japan)

2011-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

244

Topological Effects of Synaptic Time Dependent Plasticity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We show that the local Spike Timing-Dependent Plasticity (STDP) rule has the effect of regulating the trans-synaptic weights of loops of any length within a simulated network of neurons. We show that depending on STDP's polarity, functional loops are formed or eliminated in networks driven to normal spiking conditions by random, partially correlated inputs, where functional loops comprise weights that exceed a non-zero threshold. We further prove that STDP is a form of loop-regulating plasticity for the case of a linear network comprising random weights drawn from certain distributions. Thus a notable local synaptic learning rule makes a specific prediction about synapses in the brain in which standard STDP is present: that under normal spiking conditions, they should participate in predominantly feed-forward connections at all scales. Our model implies that any deviations from this prediction would require a substantial modification to the hypothesized role for standard STDP. Given its widespread occurrence in the brain, we predict that STDP could also regulate long range synaptic loops among individual neurons across all brain scales, up to, and including, the scale of global brain network topology.

James R. Kozloski; Guillermo A. Cecchi

2010-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

245

A Development Process for Plastic User Interfaces David Thevenin, Galle Calvary, Jolle Coutaz,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Development Process for Plastic User Interfaces David Thevenin, Gaëlle Calvary, Joëlle Coutaz of plastic user interfaces. 2. Plasticity The term plasticity is inspired from the property of materials to HCI, plasticity is the "capacity of an interactive system to withstand variations of context of use

246

Waste Plastics as Fuel The concept of PlastofuelTM is the use of waste  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Waste Plastics as Fuel The concept of PlastofuelTM is the use of waste agricultural plastic as a fuel source. The PlastofuelTM process creates a dense plastic nugget of compressed shredded plastic that can be burned cleanly in a high temperature combustion process. The shredded plastic is composed

Demirel, Melik C.

247

Prospects for energy recovery from plastic waste gasifiers by means of MHD topping cycle  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this paper the authors present a feasibility study of a combined MagnetoHydroDynamic (MHD) and steam turbine plant in which the working gas is made of burnt plastic waste. The possibility of MHD retrofit of existing plant, especially fed by fossil fuel, is well known, and has been studied both for its economical and environmental benefits. The environmental impact and the elimination of pollution agents has become a prime necessity in waste digestion. Furthermore, plants in which the production of electrical power by means of burnt gases produced in the digestion process have been designed and built. In this field an MHD integration plant could be very attractive. This feasibility study has been developed by simulating an ideal plant with a plastic incinerator, an MHD device and conventional steam turbines. As a result, the simulations have indicated economic and environmental advantages with notable efficiency improvements in the generation of electrical power.

Geri, A.; Verdone, N.; Salvini, A.

1999-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

Streamlined Approach for Environmental Restoration (SAFER) Plan for Corrective Action Unit 575: Area 15 Miscellaneous Sites, Nevada National Security Site, Nevada, Revision 0  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This Streamlined Approach for Environmental Restoration (SAFER) Plan addresses the actions needed to achieve closure for Corrective Action Unit (CAU) 575, Area 15 Miscellaneous Sites, identified in the Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order (FFACO). CAU 575 comprises the following four corrective action sites (CASs) located in Area 15 of the Nevada National Security Site: • 15-19-02, Waste Burial Pit • 15-30-01, Surface Features at Borehole Sites • 15-64-01, Decontamination Area • 15-99-03, Aggregate Plant This plan provides the methodology for field activities needed to gather the necessary information for closing each CAS. There is sufficient information and process knowledge from historical documentation and investigations of similar sites regarding the expected nature and extent of potential contaminants to recommend closure of CAU 575 using the SAFER process. Additional information will be obtained by conducting a field investigation to document and verify the adequacy of existing information, to affirm the predicted corrective action decisions, and to provide sufficient data to implement the corrective actions. This will be presented in a closure report that will be prepared and submitted to the Nevada Division of Environmental Protection (NDEP) for review and approval.

Matthews, Patrick

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

Corrective Action Decision Document/Closure Report for Corrective Action Unit 567: Miscellaneous Soil Sites Nevada National Security Site, Nevada, Revision 0  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This Corrective Action Decision Document/Closure Report presents information supporting the closure of Corrective Action Unit (CAU) 567: Miscellaneous Soil Sites, Nevada National Security Site, Nevada. The purpose of this Corrective Action Decision Document/Closure Report is to provide justification and documentation supporting the recommendation that no further corrective action is needed for CAU 567 based on the implementation of the corrective actions. The corrective actions implemented at CAU 567 were developed based on an evaluation of analytical data from the CAI, the assumed presence of COCs at specific locations, and the detailed and comparative analysis of the CAAs. The CAAs were selected on technical merit focusing on performance, reliability, feasibility, safety, and cost. The implemented corrective actions meet all requirements for the technical components evaluated. The CAAs meet all applicable federal and state regulations for closure of the site. Based on the implementation of these corrective actions, the DOE, National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Field Office provides the following recommendations: • No further corrective actions are necessary for CAU 567. • The Nevada Division of Environmental Protection issue a Notice of Completion to the DOE, National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Field Office for closure of CAU 567. • CAU 567 be moved from Appendix III to Appendix IV of the FFACO.

Matthews, Patrick

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Plastic deformation in Al (Cu) interconnects stressed by electromigration and studied by synchrotron polychromatic X-ray microdiffraction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Plastic deformation in Al (Cu) interconnects stressed bygrain orientation [7], study plastic deformation [12-15] andThis aspect of EM-induced plastic deformation in grains

Chen, Kai; Advanced Light Source; UCLA

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

THE RESPONSE OF SOLIDS TO ELASTIC/PLASTIC INDENTATION AND THE APPLICATION OF INDENTATION TO ADHESION MEASUREMENTS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

676. Table I. Normalized Plastic Zone Size (B) and Material·• • Initial - - Elastic/ plastic bounda ---- Cavi in rfaceCTIONAL VIEW XBLSOI Fig. I-9 Plastic Boundary solu/ Initial

Chiang, Shu-Sheng

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

A review of "Plays, Poems, and Miscellaneous Writings associated with George Villiers, Second Duke of Buckingham" edited by Robert D. Hume and Harold Love, and "The Winter Prince" by Cheryl Sawyer.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

reviews 123 Robert D. Hume and Harold Love, eds. Plays, Poems, and Miscellaneous Writings associated with George Villiers, Second Duke of Buckingham. Including Sir Politick Would-be, Wallace Kirsop, ed., and H. Gaston Hall, trans. 2 vols... and sabotaged by self-indulgence and political missteps. Yet for all his sins, Buckingham and his writings were never wholly out of fashion. Sorting through centuries of lore and canonical shambles, Rob- ert D. Hume and Harold Love have constructed a new...

Maureen E. Mulvihill

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Insulation products promote thermal efficiency  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The judicious use of thermal insulation products in non-residential buildings can provide a number of advantages including increased energy efficiency, lower first costs (by avoiding overside HVAC systems), improved fire safety and better acoustics. Thermal insulation products are those products which retard the flow of heat energy. Materials include glass, plastics, and organic materials such as wood fibers, vermiculite and perlite. Forms range from the familiar batts and blankets of glass fibers to foamed plastic, rigid boards, losse fill and systems combining two or more products, such as polystyrene boards covered with insulating plaster. The R values of selected insulation materials with a cost/sq. ft. of each material at R 10 are given. Costs cover both the material and installation and may vary depending on local conditions.

Chalmers, R.

1985-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

Micrographic detection of plastic deformation in nickel base alloys  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method for detecting low levels of plastic deformation in metal articles comprising electrolytically etching a flow free surface of the metal article with nital at a current density of less than about 0.1 amp/cm.sup.2 and microscopically examining the etched surface to determine the presence of alternating striations. The presence of striations indicates plastic deformation in the article.

Steeves, Arthur F. (Schenectady, NY); Bibb, Albert E. (Clifton Park, NY)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Plastic Bags to Batteries: A Green Chemistry Solution  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Plastic bags are the scourge of roadsides, parking lots and landfills. But chemistry comes to the rescue! At Argonne National Laboratory, Vilas Pol has found a way to not only recycle plastic bags--but make them into valuable batteries for cell phones and laptops.

None

2013-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

256

Principles of Experience-Dependent Neural Plasticity: Implications for  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Principles of Experience-Dependent Neural Plasticity: Implications for Rehabilitation After Brain and considerations in applying them to the damaged brain. Method: Neuroscience research using a variety of models. Results: Neural plasticity is believed to be the basis for both learning in the intact brain

Jones, Theresa A.

257

Zo Rebecca Hunter Plasticity of the adult human brain  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Zoë Rebecca Hunter Plasticity of the adult human brain and motor recovery after stroke PICS © Institute of Cognitive Science #12;1 Bachelor's Thesis Plasticity of the adult human brain and motor brain and motor recovery after stroke 2 Abstract Stroke may cause a major destruction of brain tissue

Kallenrode, May-Britt

258

DESCRIBING THE PLASTIC DEFORMATION OF ALUMINUM SOFTBALL BATS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DESCRIBING THE PLASTIC DEFORMATION OF ALUMINUM SOFTBALL BATS E. BIESEN1 AND L. V. SMITH2 Washington-mail: lvsmith@wsu.edu Hollow aluminum bats were introduced over 30 years ago to provide improved durability over durability. Accordingly, the plastic deformation from a ball impact of a single-wall aluminum bat

Smith, Lloyd V.

259

Development/Plasticity/Repair Identification of Nicotinic Acetylcholine Receptor Recycling  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Development/Plasticity/Repair Identification of Nicotinic Acetylcholine Receptor Recycling and Its, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 In the CNS, receptor recycling is critical for synaptic plasticity; however, the recycling of receptors has never been observed at peripheral synapses. Using a novel

Alford, Simon

260

Mechanisms of ocular dominance plasticity in the juvenile and adult mouse visual cortex  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ocular dominance (OD) plasticity is a classic example of bidirectional experience-dependent plasticity in the primary visual cortex. This form of plasticity is most robust during early postnatal development (termed the ...

Khibnik, Lena A

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "miscellaneous plastic products" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Elastic-plastic analysis of the transition divertor joint for high performance divertor target plate  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

locations of principal plastic strains in 3D warm and coldthe ARIES Team “Elastic-Plastic analysis of the transitionSAN DIEGO Elastic-Plastic Analysis of the Transition

Navaei, Dara

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Plastic, the Great Pacific Garbage Patch, and International Misfires at a Cure  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Environmental Implication of Plastic Debris in Marineat 2014. Consumption of plastics by marine animals has beenC. Thompson et al. , Our Plastic Age, 364 PhIL. TRANSAc--

Harse, Grant A.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Plastic collapse of lattice structures under a general stress state Babak Haghpanah, Jim Papadopoulos, Ashkan Vaziri  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Plastic collapse of lattice structures under a general stress state Babak Haghpanah, Jim 22 August 2013 Available online 19 September 2013 Keywords: Plastic collapse strength Lattice minimization procedure to determine the macroscopic `plastic col- lapse strength' of a tessellated cellular

Vaziri, Ashkan

264

Modeling Elasto-Plastic Behavior of Polycrystalline Grain Structure of Steels at Mesoscopic Level  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Modeling Elasto-Plastic Behavior of Polycrystalline Grain Structure of Steels at Mesoscopic Level. The constitutive model of crystal grains utilizes anisotropic elasticity and crystal plasticity. Commercially be considered macroscopically homogeneous. Elastic and rate independent plastic deformation modes are considered

Cizelj, Leon

265

Effects of mechanical properties and surface friction on elasto-plastic sliding contact  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Effects of mechanical properties and surface friction on elasto-plastic sliding contact S and many recent computational studies have established quantitative relationships between elasto-plastic systematically quantified the effect of the plastic deformation characteristics on the frictional sliding

Suresh, Subra

266

Plasticity of metal wires in torsion: molecular dynamics and dislocation dynamics simulations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Plasticity of metal wires in torsion: molecular dynamics and dislocation dynamics simulations-4040 Abstract The orientation dependent plasticity in metal nanowires is investigated using molecular dynamics metal wires controls the mechanisms of plastic deformation. For wires oriented along 110 , dislocations

Cai, Wei

267

Measurement of large strains in ropes using plastic optical fibers  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method for the direct measurement of large strains in ropes in situ using a plastic optical fiber, for example, perfluorocarbon or polymethyl methacrylate and Optical Time-Domain Reflectometer or other light time-of-flight measurement instrumentation. Protective sheaths and guides are incorporated to protect the plastic optical fiber. In one embodiment, a small rope is braided around the plastic optical fiber to impose lateral compressive forces to restrain the plastic optical fiber from slipping and thus experience the same strain as the rope. Methods are described for making reflective interfaces along the length of the plastic optical fiber and to provide the capability to measure strain within discrete segments of the rope. Interpretation of the data allows one to calculate the accumulated strain at any point in time and to determine if the rope has experienced local damage.

Williams, Jerry Gene; Smith, David Barton; Muhs, Jeffrey David

2006-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

268

The Anatomy of Plastic Events in Magnetic Amorphous Solids  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Plastic events in amorphous solids can be much more than just "shear transformation zones" when the positional degrees of freedom are coupled non-trivially to other degrees of freedom. Here we consider magnetic amorphous solids where mechanical and magnetic degrees of freedom interact, leading to rather complex plastic events whose nature must be disentangled. In this paper we uncover the anatomy of the various contributions to some typical plastic events. These plastic events are seen as Barkhausen Noise or other "serrated noises". Using theoretical considerations we explain the observed statistics of the various contributions to the considered plastic events. The richness of contributions and their different characteristics imply that in general the statistics of these "serrated noises" cannot be universal, but rather highly dependent on the state of the system and on its microscopic interactions.

H. George E. Hentschel; Itamar Procaccia; Bhaskar Sen Gupta

2015-01-25T23:59:59.000Z

269

The Use of Energy Information in Plastic Scintillator Material  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Plastic scintillator material is often used for gamma-ray detection in many applications due to its relatively good sensitivity and cost-effectiveness compared to other detection materials. However, due to the dominant Compton scattering interaction mechanism, full energy peaks are not observed in plastic scintillator spectra and isotopic identification is impossible. Typically plastic scintillator detectors are solely gross count detectors. In some safeguards and security applications, such as radiation portal monitors for vehicle screening, naturally-occurring radioactive material (NORM) often triggers radiation alarms and results in innocent or nuisance alarms. The limited energy information from plastic scintillator material can be used to discriminate the NORM from targeted materials and reduce the nuisance alarm rate. An overview of the utilization of the energy information from plastic scintillator material will be presented, with emphasis on the detection capabilities and potential limitations for safeguards and security applications. (PIET-43741-TM-490)

Ely, James H.; Anderson, Kevin K.; Bates, Derrick J.; Kouzes, Richard T.; Lopresti, Charles A.; Runkle, Robert C.; Siciliano, Edward R.; Weier, Dennis R.

2008-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

270

The plasticity of TGF-beta signaling  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The family of TGFb ligands is large and its members are involved in many different signaling processes. These signaling processes strongly differ in type with TGFb ligands eliciting both sustained or transient responses. Members of the TGFb family can also act as morphogen and cellular responses would then be expected to provide a direct read-out of the extracellular ligand concentration. We were interested to define the set of minimal modifications that are required to change the type of signal processing in the TGFb signaling network. To define the key aspects for signaling plasticity we focused on the core of the TGFb signaling network. With the help of a parameter screen we identified ranges of kinetic parameters and protein concentrations that give rise to transient, sustained, or oscillatory responses to constant stimuli, as well as those parameter ranges that enable a proportional response to time-varying ligand concentrations (as expected in the read-out of morphogens). A combination of a strong negative feedback and fast shuttling to the nucleus biases signaling to a transient rather than a sustained response, while oscillations were obtained if ligand binding to the receptor is weak and the turn-over of the I-Smad is fast. A proportional read-out required inefficient receptor activation in addition to a low affinity of receptor-ligand binding. We find that targeted modification of single parameters suffices to alter the response type. The architecture of the TGFb pathway enables the observed signaling plasticity. The observed range of signaling outputs to TGFb ligand in different cell types and under different conditions can be explained with differences in cellular protein concentrations and with changes in effective rate constants due to cross-talk with other signaling pathways.

Geraldine Celliere; Georgios Fengos; Marianne Herve; Dagmar Iber

2011-11-02T23:59:59.000Z

271

Inspection of Fusion Joints in Plastic Pipe  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The standard method of joining plastic pipe in the field is the butt fusion process. As in any pipeline application, joint quality greatly affects overall operational safety of the system. Currently no simple, reliable, cost-effective method exists for assessing the quality of fusion joints in the field. Visual examination and pressure testing are current nondestructive approaches, which do not provide any assurance about the long-term pipeline performance. This project developed, demonstrated, and validated an in-situ nondestructive inspection method for butt fusion joints in gas distribution plastic pipelines. The inspection system includes a laser-based image-recognition system that automatically generates and interprets digital images of pipe joints and assigns them a pass/fail rating, which eliminates operator bias in evaluating joint quality. An EWI-patented process, the Weld Zone Inspection Method (WZIM) was developed in which local heat is applied to the joint region to relax the residual stresses formed by the original joining operation, which reveals the surface condition of the joint. In cases where the joint is not formed under optimal conditions, and the intermolecular forces between contacting surfaces are not strong enough, the relaxation of macromolecules in the surface layer causes the material to pull back, revealing a fusion line. If the joint is sound, the bond line image does not develop. To establish initial feasibility of the approach, welds were performed under standard and nonstandard conditions. These welds were subjected to the WZIM and two destructive forms of testing: short-term tensile testing and long-term creep rupture testing. There appears to be a direct correlation between the WZIM and the destructive testing results. Although WZIM appears to be more sensitive than destructive testing can verify, the approach appears valid.

Connie Reichert

2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Learning and Plasticity Plasticity in neuronal circuits means the ability for connections to change and remain changed.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Learning and Plasticity Plasticity in neuronal circuits means the ability for connections to change an axon of cell A is near enough to excite cell B or repeatedly or consistently takes part in firing it of the cells in firing B, is increased. Sometimes summarized as "cells that fire together wire together." Rate

Miller, Paul

273

Morley Symposium on Concrete Plasticity and its Application. University of Cambridge 23 APPLICATION OF PLASTICITY THEORY TO REINFORCED  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Morley Symposium on Concrete Plasticity and its Application. University of Cambridge 23 rd July, 2007 11 APPLICATION OF PLASTICITY THEORY TO REINFORCED CONCRETE DEEP BEAMS Ashraf ASHOUR 1 Keun-and-tie, mechanism, capacity. 1 INTRODUCTION Reinforced concrete deep beams are fairly common structural elements

Burgoyne, Chris

274

JGI Lab Ergo Products Catalog  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

adjustment for 1L plastic bottles Customization Source: JGIand Dispensers Plastic Wash Bottles (Squeeze Bottles)jar and bottle lids. Simply place nonslip plastic dome or

Alexandre, Melanie

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

JOINING ADVANCED MATERIALS BY PLASTIC FLOW PROVIDES SOLUTION FOR OXYGEN SENSOR APPLICATIONS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

JOINING ADVANCED MATERIALS BY PLASTIC FLOW PROVIDES SOLUTION FOR OXYGEN SENSOR APPLICATIONS's unique plastic deformation process. · Abilitytodeploymultipleoxygen sensors (due to their lower cost

Kemner, Ken

276

E-Print Network 3.0 - alliances functional plasticity Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

plastics... , their environmental effects, and the possible solutions to the problem of pollution by plastics. ... Source: Cohen, Itai - Department of Physics, Cornell University...

277

Plastic, the Great Pacific Garbage Patch, and International Misfires at a Cure  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

90% of world plastic material demands. Anthony L. Andrady &a result, the world-wide demand for plastics was expected to

Harse, Grant A.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

EFFECT OF GRAIN SIZE ON THE ACOUSTIC EMISSION GENERATED DURING PLASTIC DEFORMATION OF ALUMINUM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PLASTIC DEFORMATION OF ALUMINUM LAWRENCE BERKELEY LABORATORYDURING PLASTIC DEFORMATION OF ALUMINUM J. Baram Materialsof polycrystalline aluminum, of different grain sizes and at

Baram, J.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

THE PERFORMANCE AND MODIFICATION OF RECYCLED ELECTRONIC WASTE PLASTICS FOR THE IMPROVEMENT OF ASPHALT PAVEMENT MATERIALS.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? Bulk electric waste plastics were recycled and reduced in size into plastic chips before pulverization or cryogenic grinding into powders. Two major types of… (more)

Colbert, Baron W.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

E-Print Network 3.0 - active site plasticity Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Energy 5 In my view, there are three fundamental questions that serve to motivate and guide future plasticity stud- Summary: , sites or habitats. Mechanisms of plastic response...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "miscellaneous plastic products" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

E-Print Network 3.0 - associative synaptic plasticity Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

stages. Key words: Hebbian plasticity; synaptic weights; synaptic com- petition... trains of C( t) 1N ( t). Plasticity was ... Source: Bi, Guo-Qiang - Department of...

282

E-Print Network 3.0 - altered synaptic plasticity Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

stages. Key words: Hebbian plasticity; synaptic weights; synaptic com- petition... trains of C( t) 1N ( t). Plasticity was ... Source: Bi, Guo-Qiang - Department of...

283

DATA SHARING REPORT CHARACTERIZATION OF POPULATION 7: PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT, DRY ACTIVE WASTE, AND MISCELLANEOUS DEBRIS, SURVEILLANCE AND MAINTENANCE PROJECT OAK RIDGE NATIONAL LABORATORY OAK RIDGE, TENNESSEE  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Oak Ridge Office of Environmental Management (EM-OR) requested that Oak Ridge Associated Universities (ORAU), working under the Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education (ORISE) contract, provide technical and independent waste management planning support under the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA). Specifically, DOE EM-OR requested that ORAU plan and implement a sampling and analysis campaign targeting certain URS|CH2M Oak Ridge, LLC (UCOR) surveillance and maintenance (S&M) process inventory waste. Eight populations of historical and reoccurring S&M waste at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) have been identified in the Waste Handling Plan for Surveillance and Maintenance Activities at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory, DOE/OR/01-2565&D2 (WHP) (DOE 2012) for evaluation and processing to determine a final pathway for disposal. Population 7 (POP 7) consists of 56 containers of aged, low-level and potentially mixed S&M waste that has been staged in various locations around ORNL. Several of these POP 7 containers primarily contain personal protective equipment (PPE) and dry active waste (DAW), but may contain other miscellaneous debris. This data sharing report addresses the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980 (CERCLA) specified waste in a 13-container subpopulation (including eight steel boxes, three 55-gal drums, one sealand, and one intermodal) that lacked sufficient characterization data for possible disposal at the Environmental Management Waste Management Facility (EMWMF) using the approved Waste Lot (WL) 108.1 profile.

Harpenau, Evan M

2013-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

284

Nuclear Operations Application to Environmental Restoration at Corrective Action Unit 547, Miscellaneous Contaminated Waste Sites, at the Nevada National Security Site  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office has responsibility for environmental restoration at the Nevada National Security Site (formerly the Nevada Test Site). This includes remediation at locations where past testing activities have resulted in the release of plutonium to the environment. One of the current remediation efforts involves a site where an underground subcritical nuclear safety test was conducted in 1964. The underground test was vented through a steel pipe to the surface in a closed system where gas samples were obtained. The piping downstream of the gas-sampling apparatus was routed belowground to a location where it was allowed to vent into an existing radioactively contaminated borehole. The length of the pipe above the ground surface is approximately 200 meters. This pipe remained in place until remediation efforts began in 2007, at which time internal plutonium contamination was discovered. Following this discovery, an assessment was conducted to determine the quantity of plutonium present in the pipe. This site has been identified as Corrective Action Unit (CAU) 547, Miscellaneous Contaminated Waste Sites. The quantity of plutonium identified at CAU 547 exceeded the Hazard Category 3 threshold but was below the Hazard Category 2 threshold specified in DOE Standard DOE-STD-1027-92. This CAU, therefore, was initially categorized as a Hazard Category 3 environmental restoration site. A contaminated facility or site that is initially categorized as Hazard Category 3, however, may be downgraded to below Hazard Category 3 if it can be demonstrated through further analysis that the form of the material and the energy available for release support reducing the hazard category. This is an important consideration when performing hazard categorization of environmental restoration sites because energy sources available for release of material are generally fewer at an environmental restoration site than at an operating facility and environmental restoration activities may result in the complete removal of source material.

Kevin Cabble (NSO), Mark Krauss and Patrick Matthews (N-I)

2011-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

285

Universality of the Plastic Instability in Strained Amorphous Solids  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

By comparing the response to external strains in metallic glasses and in Lenard-Jones glasses we find a quantitative universality of the fundamental plastic instabilities in the athermal, quasistatic limit. Microscopically these two types of glasses are as different as one can imagine, the latter being determined by binary interactions, whereas the former by multiple interactions due to the effect of the electron gas that cannot be disregarded. In spite of this enormous difference the plastic instability is the same saddle-node bifurcation. As a result the statistics of stress and energy drops in the elasto-plastic steady state are universal, sharing the same system-size exponents.

Ratul Dasgupta; Smarajit Karmakar; Itamar Procaccia

2011-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

286

Process for the recovery and separation of plastics  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method of separating a portion of acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene (ABS) from a mixture containing ABS and for separating a portion of ABS and polycarbonate (PC) from a mixture of plastics containing ABS and PC is disclosed. The method includes shredding and/or granulating the mixture of plastics containing ABS and PC to provide a selected particle size; sequentially dispersing the shredded mixture of plastics in a series aqueous solutions having different specific gravities and separating the floating fraction until the desired separation is obtained. Surface tension and pH are also variable to be controlled.

Jody, Bassam J.; Daniels, Edward J.; Pomykala Jr., Joseph A.

2003-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

287

Optimal Design of Reliable Integrated Chemical Production Site  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

grassroots plastics and chemicals production facilities in the world. (1) (1) (2) (2) #12;222 Goal Provide of meeting entire demand (while subject to discrete uncertainties). #12;33 Intermediate storage increases Intermediate D Intermediate E Product F Product C Effects of intermediate storage: Buffer of supply-demand

Grossmann, Ignacio E.

288

High reliability plastic packaging for microelectronics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Goal was Assembly Test Chips (ATCs) which could be used for evaluating plastic encapsulation technologies. Circuits were demonstrated for measuring Au-Al wirebond and Al metal corrosion failure rates during accelerated temperature and humidity testing. The test circuits on the ATC02.5 chip were very sensitive to extrinsic or processing induced failure rates. Accelerated aging experiments were conducted with unpassivated triple track Al structures on the ATC02.6 chip; the unpassivated tracks were found to be very sensitive to particulate contamination. Some modifications to existing circuitry were suggested. The piezoresistive stress sensing circuitry designed for the ATC04 test chip was found suitable for determining the change in the state of mechanical stress at the die when both initial and final measurements were made near room temperature (RT). Attempt to measure thermal stress between RT and a typical polymer glass transition temperature failed because of excessive die resistor- substrate leakage currents at the high temperature end; suitable circuitry changes were developed to overcome this problem. One temperature and humidity experiment was conducted with Sandia developed static radom access memory parts to examine non-corrosion CMOS failures; this objective was not achieved, but corrosion failure at the metal to Si contacts on the die surface could be detected. This 2-year effort resulted in new designs for test circuits which could be used on an advanced ATC for reliability assessment in Defense Programs electronics development projects.

Sweet, J.N.; Peterson, D.W.; Hsia, A.H.; Tuck, M.

1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Fabrication of amorphous metal matrix composites by severe plastic deformation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Bulk metallic glasses (BMGs) have displayed impressive mechanical properties, but the use and dimensions of material have been limited due to critical cooling rate requirements and low ductility. The application of severe plastic deformation...

Mathaudhu, Suveen Nigel

2006-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

290

Cyclic Plasticity under Shock Loading in an HCP Metal  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Plate impact experiments with pressures from 2 to 20 GPa, including one shock-partial release-reshock experiment, were performed on vacuum hot-pressed S-200F Beryllium. This hexagonal close-packed (HCP) metal shows significant plasticity effects in such conditions. The experiments were modeled in a Lagrangian hydrocode using an experimentally calibrated Preston-Tonks-Wallace (PTW) constitutive model. By using the shock data to constrain a high rate portion of PTW, the model was able to generally match plasticity effects on the measured wave profile (surface velocity) during the shock loading, but not unloading. A backstress-based cyclic plasticity model to capture the quasi-elastic release (Bauschinger-type effect) was explored in order to match the unloading and reloading portions of the measured wave profiles. A comparison is made with other approaches in the literature to capture the cyclic plasticity in shock conditions.

Prime, Michael B. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Hunter, Abigail [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Canfield, Thomas R. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Adams, Chris D. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

291

Kinematic quantities of finite elastic and plastic deformation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Kinematic quantities for finite elastic and plastic deformations are defined via an approach that does not rely on auxiliary elements like reference frame and reference configuration, and that gives account of the inertial-noninertial aspects explicitly. These features are achieved by working on Galilean spacetime directly. The quantity expressing elastic deformations is introduced according to its expected role: to measure how different the current metric is from the relaxed/stressless metric. Further, the plastic kinematic quantity is the change rate of the stressless metric. The properties of both are analyzed, and their relationship to frequently used elastic and plastic kinematic quantities is discussed. One important result is that no objective elastic or plastic quantities can be defined from deformation gradient.

T. Fülöp; P. Ván

2012-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

292

Plastic flow of foams and emulsions in a channel  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In order to understand the flow profiles of complex fluids, a crucial issue concerns the emergence of spatial correlations among plastic rearrangements exhibiting cooperativity flow behaviour at the macroscopic level. In this paper, the rate of plastic events in a Poiseuille flow is experimentally measured on a confined foam in a Hele-Shaw geometry. The correlation with independently measured velocity profiles is quantified. To go beyond a limitation of the experiments, namely the presence of wall friction which complicates the relation between shear stress and shear rate, we compare the experiments with simulations of emulsion droplets based on the lattice-Boltzmann method, which are performed both with, and without, wall friction. Our results indicate a correlation between the localisation length of the velocity profiles and the localisation length of the number of plastic events. Finally, unprecedented results on the distribution of the orientation of plastic events show that there is a non-trivial correla...

Dollet, B; Sbragaglia, M

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

alveolata reveals plasticity: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

coefficient. The contact-load-bearing capacitySteady-state frictional sliding contact on surfaces of plastically graded materials A. Prasad a,1 the mechanics of steady-state...

294

Experimental assessment of unvalidated assumptions in classical plasticity theory.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report investigates the validity of several key assumptions in classical plasticity theory regarding material response to changes in the loading direction. Three metals, two rock types, and one ceramic were subjected to non-standard loading directions, and the resulting strain response increments were displayed in Gudehus diagrams to illustrate the approximation error of classical plasticity theories. A rigorous mathematical framework for fitting classical theories to the data, thus quantifying the error, is provided. Further data analysis techniques are presented that allow testing for the effect of changes in loading direction without having to use a new sample and for inferring the yield normal and flow directions without having to measure the yield surface. Though the data are inconclusive, there is indication that classical, incrementally linear, plasticity theory may be inadequate over a certain range of loading directions. This range of loading directions also coincides with loading directions that are known to produce a physically inadmissible instability for any nonassociative plasticity model.

Brannon, Rebecca Moss (University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT); Burghardt, Jeffrey A. (University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT); Bauer, Stephen J.; Bronowski, David R.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Design and Development of a Plastic Film Heat Exchanger  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the PFHX technology in olving heat. exchange at any pressure other than'atmo pheric pressure. Atmospheric applications could ope ate with a simple remote level control basin. There are also many other potential appl ca tions of the PFHX technology...DESIGN AND DEVELOPMENT OF A PLASTIC FILM HEAT EXCHANGER Eric C. Guyer, Sc.D., David L. Brownell, and Martin K. Gollin Dynatech RID Company Cambridge, Massachusetts ABSTRACT A plastic film heat exchang.er (PFHX) utilizes the low cost...

Guyer, E. C.; Gollin, M. K.; Brownell, D. L.

296

Low temperature fracture evaluation of plasticized sulfur paving mixtures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

May 1985 Major Subject: Civil Engineering LOW TEMPERATURE FRACTURE EVALUATION OF PLASTICIZED SULFUR PAVING MIXTURES A Thesis by KAMYAR MAHBOUB Approved as to style and content by: Dallas N. Li tie (Chai rman of Committee) Ro e . Lytto Member... modifications to the standard ASTM procedure. These modifications were required due to the nature of plasticized sulfur mixtures and asphalt cement mixtures. The J-integral version of Paris ' law was successfully used to characterize the fatigue...

Mahboub, Kamyar

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

297

Super-Elastic and Plastic Shock Waves Generated by Lasers N.A. Inogamov a,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Super-Elastic and Plastic Shock Waves Generated by Lasers N.A. Inogamov a,1 , V.V. Zhakhovsky b,3 fortov@ihed.ras.ru, i oleynik@usf.edu Keywords: Femtosecond laser-matter interactions, elastic-plastic there is an elastic shock wave (SW), which propagates before the strong plastic shock with plastic pressures of up

Fominov, Yakov

298

Letters to Analytical Chemistry Silver Nanoparticles on a Plastic Platform for  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Letters to Analytical Chemistry Silver Nanoparticles on a Plastic Platform for Localized Surface on plastics is described. The silver-nanopar- ticles-on-plastic sensor (SNOPS) was fabricated by chemi- cally modifying the surface of a common plastic, polyeth- yleneterephthalate

Brolo, Alexandre G.

299

Short Channel Amorphous-Silicon TFT's on High-Temperature Clear Plastic Substrates  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Short Channel Amorphous-Silicon TFT's on High-Temperature Clear Plastic Substrates K. Long, H@princeton.edu To achieve light-weight flexible AMOLED displays on plastic substrates, the substratesmust be optically clear for plastic. High-temperature plastics such as polyimide (e.g. KaptonB E) have a glass transition temperature

300

Phenomenological study of parabolic and spherical indentation of elastic-ideally plastic material  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Phenomenological study of parabolic and spherical indentation of elastic-ideally plastic material O ideally plastic materials was carried out by using precise results of finite elements calculations behaviour is found. Two elastic-plastic regimes and two plastic regimes are observed for materials of very

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "miscellaneous plastic products" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Size effects on the onset of plastic deformation during nanoindentation of thin films and patterned lines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Size effects on the onset of plastic deformation during nanoindentation of thin films and patterned; accepted 13 August 2003 Plastic deformation of materials exhibits a strong size dependence when, particularly the transition from elastic to plastic deformation and the early stages of plastic deformation. We

Van Vliet, Krystyn J.

302

A Performance-Based Approach to the Development of a Recycled Plastic/Composite Crosstie  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Performance-Based Approach to the Development of a Recycled Plastic/Composite Crosstie Thomas Nosker, Ph.D., Richard Renfree Ph.D., and Jennifer Lynch Plastics & Composites Group, Rutgers University Introduction In 1994, Rutgers University's Plastics and Composites Group, formerly the Center for Plastics

303

PLASTIC RESINS INDUSTRY HIT HARD BY GLOBAL ECONOMIC RECESSION IN 2008  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, but buying only 4.5 billion pounds per month. Although the demand for plastics is ultimately tied to overallPLASTIC RESINS INDUSTRY HIT HARD BY GLOBAL ECONOMIC RECESSION IN 2008 The US plastic resins in the second half of the year. According to the American Chemistry Council (ACC) Plastics Industry Producers

Laughlin, Robert B.

304

CYCLIC PLASTICITY OF A CRACKED STRUCTURE SUBJECTED TO MIXED MODE LOADING  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CYCLIC PLASTICITY OF A CRACKED STRUCTURE SUBJECTED TO MIXED MODE LOADING Sylvie Pommier1, a 1 LMT, mixed mode crack propagation, plasticity, crack deflection. Abstract. Cyclic plasticity in the crack tip stresses in the overload's plastic zone. Moreover, if the overload's ratio is large enough, the crack may

305

PLASTICITY OF ORIENTATION PROCESSING IN ADULT VISUAL CORTEX Valentin Dragoi and Mriganka Sur  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 PLASTICITY OF ORIENTATION PROCESSING IN ADULT VISUAL CORTEX Valentin Dragoi and Mriganka Sur title: Orientation plasticity in V1 No. of figures: 5 Address correspondence to: Mriganka Sur Department by experience, a phenomenon termed "plasticity", has been accumulating steadily. The first reports of plasticity

Sur, Mriganka

306

MISCELLANEOUS CHARTS TABLE OF CONTENTS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(Southern Part) 5,645,800 W310 Mediterranean Sea (OMEGA) 2,849,300 W520 North Pacific Ocean (Eastern Part) 5,990,160 W521 North Pacific Ocean (Middle Part) 5,990,160 W522 North Pacific Ocean (Western Part) 5,999,150 W523 North Pacific Ocean (Northwestern Part) 6,469,540 W524 Western Part of Pacific Ocean including

Russell, Lynn

307

Miscellaneous Waste-Form FEPs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The US DOE must provide a reasonable assurance that the performance objectives for the Yucca Mountain Project (YMP) potential radioactive-waste repository can be achieved for a 10,000-year post-closure period. The guidance that mandates this direction is under the provisions of 10 CFR Part 63 and the US Department of Energy's ''Revised Interim Guidance Pending Issuance of New US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) Regulations (Revision 01, July 22, 1999), for Yucca Mountain, Nevada'' (Dyer 1999 and herein referred to as DOE's Interim Guidance). This assurance must be demonstrated in the form of a performance assessment that: (1) identifies the features, events, and processes (FEPs) that might affect the performance of the potential geologic repository; (2) examines the effects of such FEPs on the performance of the potential geologic repository; (3) estimates the expected annual dose to a specified receptor group; and (4) provides the technical basis for inclusion or exclusion of specific FEPs.

A. Schenker

2000-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

308

DATA SHARING REPORT CHARACTERIZATION OF THE SURVEILLANCE AND MAINTENANCE PROJECT MISCELLANEOUS PROCESS INVENTORY WASTE ITEMS OAK RIDGE NATIONAL LABORATORY, Oak Ridge TN  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Oak Ridge Office of Environmental Management (EM-OR) requested Oak Ridge Associated Universities (ORAU), working under the Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education (ORISE) contract, to provide technical and independent waste management planning support under the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA). Specifically, DOE EM-OR requested ORAU to plan and implement a sampling and analysis campaign to target certain items associated with URS|CH2M Oak Ridge, LLC (UCOR) surveillance and maintenance (S&M) process inventory waste. Eight populations of historical and reoccurring S&M waste at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) have been identified in the Waste Handling Plan for Surveillance and Maintenance Activities at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory, DOE/OR/01-2565&D2 (WHP) (DOE 2012) for evaluation and processing for final disposal. This waste was generated during processing, surveillance, and maintenance activities associated with the facilities identified in the process knowledge (PK) provided in Appendix A. A list of items for sampling and analysis were generated from a subset of materials identified in the WHP populations (POPs) 4, 5, 6, 7, and 8, plus a small number of items not explicitly addressed by the WHP. Specifically, UCOR S&M project personnel identified 62 miscellaneous waste items that would require some level of evaluation to identify the appropriate pathway for disposal. These items are highly diverse, relative to origin; composition; physical description; contamination level; data requirements; and the presumed treatment, storage, and disposal facility (TSDF). Because of this diversity, ORAU developed a structured approach to address item-specific data requirements necessary for acceptance in a presumed TSDF that includes the Environmental Management Waste Management Facility (EMWMF)—using the approved Waste Lot (WL) 108.1 profile—the Y-12 Sanitary Landfill (SLF) if appropriate; EnergySolutions Clive; and the Nevada National Security Site (NNSS) (ORAU 2013b). Finally, the evaluation of these wastes was more suited to a judgmental sampling approach rather than a statistical design, meaning data were collected for each individual item, thereby providing information for item-byitem disposition decisions. ORAU prepared a sampling and analysis plan (SAP) that outlined data collection strategies, methodologies, and analytical guidelines and requirements necessary for characterizing targeted items (ORAU 2013b). The SAP described an approach to collect samples that allowed evaluation as to whether or not the waste would be eligible for disposal at the EMWMF. If the waste was determined not to be eligible for EMWMF disposal, then there would be adequate information collected that would allow the waste to be profiled for one of the alternate TSDFs listed above.

Weaver, Phyllis C

2013-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

309

Morley Symposium on Concrete Plasticity and its Application. University of Cambridge 23 PLASTICITY APPLICATIONS IN REINFORCED CONCRETE AND  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

a range of reinforced and or prestressed concrete structures consisting of tower crane foundations, wind: plasticity, prestressed concrete, serviceability, turbine foundation, offshore structures 1 INTRODUCTION turbine foundations, building floors and offshore structures. The case studies have been chosen based

Burgoyne, Chris

310

Plastic ball and streamer chamber experiments at the Bevalac  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Single particle inclusive experiments, and experiments that additionally measure a few correlations like the associated multiplicity, have provided the main contribution to our present understanding of high energy heavy ion collisions. The results from those experiments are in overall agreement with calculations of the cascade and hydrodynamical models. In the cascade model the collision of two nuclei is simulated as a cascade of nucleon-nucleon collisions using measured N-N cross sections. The hydrodynamical model, on the other hand, describes the nuclear collision as that of two fluids and makes use of a nuclear equation of state relating thermal and compressional energy densities to pressure. The pressure field dominates the expansion phase and leads to collective flow of the reaction products in a preferred direction. The observation of such effects in inclusive experiments is not well established. Collective effects that manifest themselves in the shape of the event in phase space are expected to be seen best in the new complete event detectors that measure the final state as exclusively as presently possible by measuring most of the charged particles emitted in the reaction. In addition, those detectors are well suited to test macroscopic concepts such as equilibrium and temperature. Global methods like the sphericity or thrust analysis take into account all the correlations measured in the event and are specially designed to determine the shape of an event in phase space and thus to define a reaction plane. Recent data from the Plastic Ball and the streamer chamber experiments, the first complete event detectors in use at the Bevalac, are presented in this report.

Ritter, H.G.

1982-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Method of determining elastic and plastic mechanical properties of ceramic materials using spherical indenters  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The invention pertains a method of determining elastic and plastic mechanical properties of ceramics, intermetallics, metals, plastics and other hard, brittle materials which fracture prior to plastically deforming when loads are applied. Elastic and plastic mechanical properties of ceramic materials are determined using spherical indenters. The method is most useful for measuring and calculating the plastic and elastic deformation of hard, brittle materials with low values of elastic modulus to hardness.

Adler, Thomas A. (Corvallis, OR)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Development of catalyst free carbon nanotubes from coal and waste plastics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

DC-Arc technique has been used to synthesize carbon nanotubes from super clean coal, chemically cleaned coal, original coal and waste plastics instead of using high purity graphite in the presence of metal catalysts. The results obtained are compared in terms of yield, purity and type of carbon nanotubes produced from different types of raw material used. In the present study different types of raw materials have been prepared i.e. chemically cleaned coal and super clean coal, and the carbon nanotubes have been synthesized by DC Arc discharge method. Taking in account the present need of utilizing coal as a cheaper raw material for bulk production of carbon nanotubes and utilization of waste plastics (which itself is a potential environmental threat) for production of such an advance material the present work was undertaken. Since the process does not involve presence of any kind of metal catalyst, it avoids the cost intensive process of removal of these metal particles. The residual coal obtained after refining has major fuel potential and can be utilized for various purposes.

Dosodia, A.; Lal, C.; Singh, B.P.; Mathur, R.B.; Sharma, D.K. [Indian Institute of Technology, New Delhi (India). Centre of Energy Studies

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Plastic instabilities in statically and dynamically loaded spherical vessels  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Significant changes were made in design limits for pressurized vessels in the 2007 version of the ASME Code (Section VIII, Div. 3) and 2008 and 2009 Addenda. There is now a local damage-mechanics based strain-exhaustion limit as well as the well-known global plastic collapse limit. Moreover, Code Case 2564 (Section VIII, Div. 3) has recently been approved to address impulsively loaded vessels. It is the purpose of this paper to investigate the plastic collapse limit as it applies to dynamically loaded spherical vessels. Plastic instabilities that could potentially develop in spherical shells under symmetric loading conditions are examined for a variety of plastic constitutive relations. First, a literature survey of both static and dynamic instabilities associated with spherical shells is presented. Then, a general plastic instability condition for spherical shells subjected to displacement controlled and impulsive loading is given. This instability condition is evaluated for six plastic and visco-plastic constitutive relations. The role of strain-rate sensitivity on the instability point is investigated. Calculations for statically and dynamically loaded spherical shells are presented, illustrating the formation of instabilities as well as the role of imperfections. Conclusions of this work are that there are two fundamental types of instabilities associated with failure of spherical shells. In the case of impulsively loaded vessels, where the pulse duration is short compared to the fundamental period of the structure, one instability type is found not to occur in the absence of static internal pressure. Moreover, it is found that the specific role of strain-rate sensitivity on the instability strain depends on the form of the constitutive relation assumed.

Duffey, Thomas A [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Rodriguez, Edward A [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Life Cycle Assessment and Sustainability of Chemical Products  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

20-23, 2014 Number of cLCAs 19 19 10 17 13 4 2 Overall abatement potential Subcategory • Automotive weight reduction • Lubricants • Lower friction • Engine efficiency • Aviation weight reduction • Marine fuel reduction • Building insulation... Energy Technology Conference New Orleans, LA. May 20-23, 2014 Products in our daily lives Plastics Packaging - Protects and extends shelf life Building & Construction – Insulation, design, flooring Plastics in Automotive Applications - Light weighting...

Sahnoune, A.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Application of Raman spectroscopy to identification and sorting of post-consumer plastics for recycling  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A high accuracy rapid system for sorting a plurality of waste products by polymer type. The invention involves the application of Raman spectroscopy and complex identification techniques to identify and sort post-consumer plastics for recycling. The invention reads information unique to the molecular structure of the materials to be sorted to identify their chemical compositions and uses rapid high volume sorting techniques to sort them into product streams at commercially viable throughput rates. The system employs a laser diode (20) for irradiating the material sample (10), a spectrograph (50) is used to determine the Raman spectrum of the material sample (10) and a microprocessor based controller (70) is employed to identify the polymer type of the material sample (10).

Sommer, Edward J. (Nashville, TN); Rich, John T. (Lebanon, TN)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

Continuous Severe Plastic Deformation Processing of Aluminum Alloys  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Metals with grain sizes smaller than 1-micrometer have received much attention in the past decade. These materials have been classified as ultra fine grain (UFG) materials (grain sizes in the range of 100 to 1000-nm) and nano-materials (grain size <100-nm) depending on the grain size. This report addresses the production of bulk UFG metals through the use of severe plastic deformation processing, and their subsequent use as stock material for further thermomechanical processing, such as forging. A number of severe plastic deformation (SPD) methods for producing bulk UFG metals have been developed since the early 1990s. The most promising of these processes for producing large size stock that is suitable for forging is the equal channel angular extrusion or pressing (ECAE/P) process. This process involves introducing large shear strain in the work-piece by pushing it through a die that consists of two channels with the same cross-sectional shape that meet at an angle to each other. Since the cross-sections of the two channels are the same, the extruded product can be re-inserted into the entrance channel and pushed again through the die. Repeated extrusion through the ECAE/P die accumulates sufficient strain to breakdown the microstructure and produce ultra fine grain size. It is well known that metals with very fine grain sizes (< 10-micrometer) have higher strain rate sensitivity and greater elongation to failure at elevated temperature, exhibiting superplastic behavior. However, this superplastic behavior is usually manifest at high temperature (> half the melting temperature on the absolute scale) and very low strain rates (< 0.0001/s). UFG metals have been shown to exhibit superplastic characteristics at lower temperature and higher strain rates, making this phenomenon more practical for manufacturing. This enables part unitization and forging more complex and net shape parts. Laboratory studies have shown that this is particularly true for UFG metals produced by SPD techniques. This combination of properties makes UFG metals produced by SPD very attractive as machining, forging or extrusion stock, both from the point of view of formability as well as energy and cost saving. However, prior to this work there had been no attempt to transfer these potential benefits observed in the laboratory scale to industrial shop floor. The primary reason for this was that the laboratory scale studies had been conducted to develop a scientific understanding of the processes that result in grain refinement during SPD. Samples that had been prepared in the laboratory scale were typically only about 10-mm diameter and 50-mm long (about 0.5-inch diameter and 2-inches long). The thrust of this project was three-fold: (i) to show that the ECAE/P process can be scaled up to produce long samples, i.e., a continuous severe plastic deformation (CSPD) process, (ii) show the process can be scaled up to produce large cross section samples that could be used as forging stock, and (iii) use the large cross-section samples to produce industrial size forgings and demonstrate the potential energy and cost savings that can be realized if SPD processed stock is adopted by the forging industry. Aluminum alloy AA-6061 was chosen to demonstrate the feasibility of the approach used. The CSPD process developed using the principles of chamber-less extrusion and drawing, and was demonstrated using rolling and wire drawing equipment that was available at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. In a parallel effort, ECAE/P dies were developed for producing 100-mm square cross section SPD billets for subsequent forging. This work was carried out at Intercontinental Manufacturing Co. (IMCO), Garland TX. Forging studies conducted with the ECAE/P billets showed that many of the potential benefits of using UFG material can be realized. In particular, the material yield can be increased, and the amount of material that is lost as scrap can be reduced by as much as 50%. Forging temperatures can also be reduced by over 150ºC, resulting in energy savings in the ope

Raghavan Srinivasan (PI); Prabir K. Chaudhury; Balakrishna Cherukuri; Qingyou Han; David Swenson; Percy Gros

2006-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

317

Fluidizable Catalysts for Hydrogen Production from Biomass  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fluidizable Catalysts for Hydrogen Production from Biomass Pyrolysis/Steam Reforming K. Magrini/Objective Develop and demonstrate technology to produce hydrogen from biomass at $2.90/kg plant gate price based Bio-oil aqueous fraction CO H2 CO2 H2O Trap grease Waste plastics textiles Co-processing Pyrolysis

318

Plastics Avoiding Bisphenol-A (BPA) Why is there concern? Researchers are concerned that even at low levels, environmental estrogens  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is produced each year. About 60% is used in hard plastics (sports and baby bottles, sports equipment, auto plastic has been used to make plastic sports bottles and baby bottles · To find PC plastic, look in the dishwasher. DO hand wash PC bottles in mild detergent. · DO NOT use PC plastic bottles that are worn

Danforth, Bryan Nicholas

319

Method for formation of thin film transistors on plastic substrates  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A process for formation of thin film transistors (TFTs) on plastic substrates replaces standard thin film transistor fabrication techniques, and uses sufficiently lower processing temperatures so that inexpensive plastic substrates may be used in place of standard glass, quartz, and silicon wafer-based substrates. The process relies on techniques for depositing semiconductors, dielectrics, and metals at low temperatures; crystallizing and doping semiconductor layers in the TFT with a pulsed energy source; and creating top-gate self-aligned as well as back-gate TFT structures. The process enables the fabrication of amorphous and polycrystalline channel silicon TFTs at temperatures sufficiently low to prevent damage to plastic substrates. The process has use in large area low cost electronics, such as flat panel displays and portable electronics.

Carey, Paul G. (Mountain View, CA); Smith, Patrick M. (San Ramon, CA); Sigmon, Thomas W. (Portola Valley, CA); Aceves, Randy C. (Livermore, CA)

1998-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

320

Method for formation of thin film transistors on plastic substrates  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A process for formation of thin film transistors (TFTs) on plastic substrates replaces standard thin film transistor fabrication techniques, and uses sufficiently lower processing temperatures so that inexpensive plastic substrates may be used in place of standard glass, quartz, and silicon wafer-based substrates. The process relies on techniques for depositing semiconductors, dielectrics, and metals at low temperatures; crystallizing and doping semiconductor layers in the TFT with a pulsed energy source; and creating top-gate self-aligned as well as back-gate TFT structures. The process enables the fabrication of amorphous and polycrystalline channel silicon TFTs at temperatures sufficiently low to prevent damage to plastic substrates. The process has use in large area low cost electronics, such as flat panel displays and portable electronics. 5 figs.

Carey, P.G.; Smith, P.M.; Sigmon, T.W.; Aceves, R.C.

1998-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "miscellaneous plastic products" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Gradient Plasticity Model and its Implementation into MARMOT  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The influence of strain gradient on deformation behavior of nuclear structural materials, such as boby centered cubic (bcc) iron alloys has been investigated. We have developed and implemented a dislocation based strain gradient crystal plasticity material model. A mesoscale crystal plasticity model for inelastic deformation of metallic material, bcc steel, has been developed and implemented numerically. Continuum Dislocation Dynamics (CDD) with a novel constitutive law based on dislocation density evolution mechanisms was developed to investigate the deformation behaviors of single crystals, as well as polycrystalline materials by coupling CDD and crystal plasticity (CP). The dislocation density evolution law in this model is mechanism-based, with parameters measured from experiments or simulated with lower-length scale models, not an empirical law with parameters back-fitted from the flow curves.

Barker, Erin I.; Li, Dongsheng; Zbib, Hussein M.; Sun, Xin

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

Natural gas transport by plastic pipes. (Latest citations from the Compendex database). Published Search  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The bibliography contains citations concerning the use of plastic piping to transport natural gas or liquid propane gas. The interaction between gas odorants and plastic pipe, the effects of aging on plastic pipe used to transport gas, and pipe failure analyses are examined. Bending, joining, and repair methods are discussed. Composite reinforced plastic pipes and plastic coated pipes are considered. Polyethylene and epoxy composites are among the materials discussed. Gas main upgrading projects that replaced old pipes with plastic ones are briefly cited. (Contains a minimum of 88 citations and includes a subject term index and title list.)

Not Available

1993-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Nonlinear elasto-plastic model for dense granular flow  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This work proposes a model for granular deformation that predicts the stress and velocity profiles in well-developed dense granular flows. Recent models for granular elasticity (Jiang and Liu 2003) and rate-sensitive plastic flow (Jop et al. 2006) are reformulated and combined into one universal granular continuum law, capable of predicting flowing regions and stagnant zones simultaneously in any arbitrary 3D flow geometry. The unification is performed by justifying and implementing a Kroner-Lee elasto-plastic decomposition, with care taken to ensure certain continuum physical principles are necessarily upheld. The model is then numerically implemented in multiple geometries and results are compared to experiments and discrete simulations.

Ken Kamrin

2009-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

324

Discontinuous Galerkin finite element methods for gradient plasticity.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this report we apply discontinuous Galerkin finite element methods to the equations of an incompatibility based formulation of gradient plasticity. The presentation is motivated with a brief overview of the description of dislocations within a crystal lattice. A tensor representing a measure of the incompatibility with the lattice is used in the formulation of a gradient plasticity model. This model is cast in a variational formulation, and discontinuous Galerkin machinery is employed to implement the formulation into a finite element code. Finally numerical examples of the model are shown.

Garikipati, Krishna. (University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI); Ostien, Jakob T.

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

Assessing the benefits of design for recycling for plastics in electronics: A case study of computer enclosures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ten facts to know about plastics from consumer electronics,E.F. Stefanacci, Designing with plastics: considering partpp. 54–60. [6] American Plastics Council, A design guide for

Masanet, Eric; Horvath, Arpad

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Health hazard evaluation report HETA 79-034-1440, Intex Plastics, Corinth, Mississippi  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In response to a request from the president of the United Rubber Workers, Local 759, an investigation was begun into possible hazardous working conditions at the Hatco Plastics Division, Currently known as Intex Plastics, Corinth, Mississippi. The request indicated that several production and maintenance employees at that site had been disabled due to chemical poisoining and related illnesses. A medical survey was begun at the facility in March of 1979. Fifty employees participated by completing a questionnaire. A high prevalence of eye, nose, and throat irritation was found along with shortness of breath, cough, and skin rash among workers assigned to the Calender, Color, and Laminating Departments. Air sampling was performed in several departments. Except for methyl-ethyl-ketone (MEK), the levels of substances detected were quite low. The department with the highest exposure to airborne contaminants included the Print Service with 36 to 299 parts per million (ppm) MEK, laminating at 74 to 105ppm MEK, printing at 15 to 113ppm MEK, color at 15 to 24ppm MEK, premix at 0.3 to 6.8mg/cu m total dust, and calender at 0.1 to 0.6mg/cu m total dust.

Salisbury, S.

1984-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

SPEECH-CODING AND TRAINING-INDUCED PLASTICITY IN AUDITORY CORTEX OF NORMAL AND DYSLEXIA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SPEECH-CODING AND TRAINING-INDUCED PLASTICITY IN AUDITORY CORTEX OF NORMAL AND DYSLEXIA MODEL RATS anymore... #12;SPEECH-CODING AND TRAINING-INDUCED PLASTICITY IN AUDITORY CORTEX OF NORMAL AND DYSLEXIA

Kilgard, Michael P.

328

Hydraulic Interaction between Geosynthetic Drainage Layers and Unsaturated Low Plasticity Clay  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Hydraulic Interaction between Geosynthetic Drainage Layers and Unsaturated Low Plasticity Clay of soil density on the hydraulic interaction between unsaturated, low plasticity clay and geosynthetic drainage layers. The hydraulic interaction was evaluated using the system hydraulic conductivity, moisture

Zornberg, Jorge G.

329

The unfinished miracle : how plastics came to be lost at sea  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Plastic trash is an increasingly significant source of pollution in the world's oceans. In some remote ocean regions, it is aggregating by the ton. This thesis investigates plastic trash as an emerging marine contaminant, ...

Martinez, Amanda Rose

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Cellular and molecular analysis of neuronal structure plasticity in the mammalian cortex  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Despite decades of evidence for functional plasticity in the adult brain, the role of structural plasticity in its manifestation remains unclear. cpg15 is an activity-regulated gene encoding a membrane-bound ligand that ...

Lee, Wei-Chung Allen

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

RIS-M-2586 ELASTIC-PLASTIC FRACTURE MECHANICS ANALYSIS OF A CT-SPECIMEN  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

RISÃ?-M-2586 ELASTIC-PLASTIC FRACTURE MECHANICS ANALYSIS OF A CT-SPECIMEN - A TWO-DIMENSIONAL APPROACH Gunner C. Larsen Abstract. This report documents the results obtained from an elastic-plastic

332

Geek-Up[10.15.2010]: Growing Nanoparticles, Developing Plastic...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Up10.15.2010: Growing Nanoparticles, Developing Plastic from Bacteria and Wireless Water Heaters Geek-Up10.15.2010: Growing Nanoparticles, Developing Plastic from Bacteria and...

333

Plastic Surface Strain Mapping of Bent Sheets by Image Correlation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of 5XXX and 6XXX series automotive aluminum alloys is often more problematic (because of surface, the shape and surface plastic strain distribu- tions around a bent apex of a flat 2 mm thick automotive alu are widely used in making various electri- cal connectors and automotive components, respectively.2,3 Hemming

Tong, Wei

334

INTRODUCTION The granular mechanics of plastics within a single-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

INTRODUCTION The granular mechanics of plastics within a single- screw extruder has, for the past are transported forward by the action of the extruder screw, assisted by the differ- ence in frictional forces and feed hopper of a single-screw extruder. The method considers each particle in a granular assem- bly

Thompson, Michael

335

Master Thesis: Simulation of plastic deformation in cemented carbide inserts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Master Thesis: Simulation of plastic deformation in cemented carbide inserts Background Sandvik in cemented carbide, high-speed steel and other hard materials such as diamond, cubic boron nitride in cemented carbide inserts will be performed using the FEM software Ansys and AdvantEdge. The work

Haviland, David

336

Crystallization and doping of amorphous silicon on low temperature plastic  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method or process of crystallizing and doping amorphous silicon (a-Si) on a low-temperature plastic substrate using a short pulsed high energy source in a selected environment, without heat propagation and build-up in the substrate. The pulsed energy processing of the a-Si in a selected environment, such as BF3 and PF5, will form a doped micro-crystalline or poly-crystalline silicon (pc-Si) region or junction point with improved mobilities, lifetimes and drift and diffusion lengths and with reduced resistivity. The advantage of this method or process is that it provides for high energy materials processing on low cost, low temperature, transparent plastic substrates. Using pulsed laser processing a high (>900.degree. C.), localized processing temperature can be achieved in thin films, with little accompanying temperature rise in the substrate, since substrate temperatures do not exceed 180.degree. C. for more than a few microseconds. This method enables use of plastics incapable of withstanding sustained processing temperatures (higher than 180.degree. C.) but which are much lower cost, have high tolerance to ultraviolet light, have high strength and good transparency, compared to higher temperature plastics such as polyimide.

Kaschmitter, James L. (Pleasanton, CA); Truher, Joel B. (Palo Alto, CA); Weiner, Kurt H. (Campbell, CA); Sigmon, Thomas W. (Beaverton, OR)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

Plastic Hinging Behavior of Reinforced Concrete Bridge Columns  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the seismic performance of four-span large-scale bridge systems at the University of Nevada Reno that details deformations in column hinging regions during response to strong shaking events. In order to evaluate the plastic hinging regions, a photogrammetric...

Firat Alemdar, Zeynep

2010-04-27T23:59:59.000Z

338

Self-Assembling Circuits Plasticity in Self-Assembly: Templating  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Self-Assembling Circuits Plasticity in Self-Assembly: Templating Generates Functionally Different on a combination of self-assembly and external guidance. We demonstrate the self-assembly of mm-sized components of a template--that is, by the geometry of the volume in which the self-assembly proceeds. The components carry

Prentiss, Mara

339

Crystallization and doping of amorphous silicon on low temperature plastic  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method or process of crystallizing and doping amorphous silicon (a-Si) on a low-temperature plastic substrate using a short pulsed high energy source in a selected environment, without heat propagation and build-up in the substrate is disclosed. The pulsed energy processing of the a-Si in a selected environment, such as BF3 and PF5, will form a doped micro-crystalline or poly-crystalline silicon (pc-Si) region or junction point with improved mobilities, lifetimes and drift and diffusion lengths and with reduced resistivity. The advantage of this method or process is that it provides for high energy materials processing on low cost, low temperature, transparent plastic substrates. Using pulsed laser processing a high (>900 C), localized processing temperature can be achieved in thin films, with little accompanying temperature rise in the substrate, since substrate temperatures do not exceed 180 C for more than a few microseconds. This method enables use of plastics incapable of withstanding sustained processing temperatures (higher than 180 C) but which are much lower cost, have high tolerance to ultraviolet light, have high strength and good transparency, compared to higher temperature plastics such as polyimide. 5 figs.

Kaschmitter, J.L.; Truher, J.B.; Weiner, K.H.; Sigmon, T.W.

1994-09-13T23:59:59.000Z

340

Visual and multisensory processing and plasticity in the human brain  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Visual and multisensory processing and plasticity in the human brain Thesis submitted; " , ) ""( " , , . ) (,, . " ) " ( ' , , , . " , ) " ' .( . , , , . " ) "... ( . ' ," ," " . , , , . ,,,,,, ,,,, . " " NIH . An important part of the thesis is a result of collaborations. To Dr. Agnes Floel and Prof for a fruitful scientific collaboration and an exciting journey to the visual cortex of the blind

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "miscellaneous plastic products" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

1 INTRODUCTION In Spain, Plasticized polyvinyl chloride (PVC-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 INTRODUCTION In Spain, Plasticized polyvinyl chloride (PVC- P) geomembranes began being used in waterproof- ing of infrastructure in the seventies. Early usage of PVC-P geomembranes was not particularly for the PVC-P homogeneous geomem- branes used in roofing. Subsequently, other stan- dards were drafted

Zornberg, Jorge G.

342

ORIGINAL PAPER Phenotypic plasticity and climatic adaptation in an Atlantic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

areas is pointless and indicate reduced effects of a changing climate towards Mediterranean conditions. is found in the Iberian Pen- insula under Mediterranean and Atlantic conditions. Both climates encounter . Environmental stability. Phenotypic plasticity. Climate change . Pinus pinaster #12;Atlantic areas will, thus

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

343

RESEARCH ARTICLE Sustained effects for training of smooth pursuit plasticity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

RESEARCH ARTICLE Sustained effects for training of smooth pursuit plasticity Karin Eibenberger modifications of the inputs, or by controlled training of sensory systems. While the effects of adaptation on eye movements elicited by the vestibulo-ocular reflex are well established, modifications

Haslwanter, Thomas

344

A Research Needs Assessment for waste plastics recycling: Volume 2, Project report. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This second volume contains detailed information on a number of specific topics relevant to the recovery/recycling of plastics.

NONE

1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Wood plastic composites based on microfibrillar blends of high density polyethylene/poly(ethylene terephthalate)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Wood plastic composites based on microfibrillar blends of high density polyethylene January 2010 Keywords: Wood plastic composites Poly(ethylene terephthalate) Polyethylene Extrusion a b into wood plastic composites through a two-step reactive extrusion technology. Wood flour was added into pre

346

Thermo-elasto-plastic finite element analysis of quasi-state processes in Eulerian reference  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Thermo-elasto-plastic finite element analysis of quasi-state processes in Eulerian reference frames ­ Incremental scheme ­ Fine mesh along entire heat source path ­ Lengthy computer runs · Elasto-Plasticity at times ti and ti-1, respectively. Penn State University 5 #12;Elasto-Plasticity Equilibrium: r(r, t) + b

Michaleris, Panagiotis

347

Improved Bounds on the Effective Yield Surface of Inhomogeneous Rigid/Plastic Materials  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Improved Bounds on the Effective Yield Surface of Inhomogeneous Rigid/Plastic Materials Tamara January 1993 Abstract The yield surface of a mixture of rigid/perfectly­plastic materials is examined plasticity under suffi­ ciently large stress. The set of stresses at which the deformation changes from

Olson, Tamara

348

he edge of a torn plastic sheet forms a complex three-dimensional fractal  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

T he edge of a torn plastic sheet forms a complex three-dimensional fractal shape. We have found to the generation of characteristic wavy shapes. We used rectangular plastic sheets pulled from the sides (in the y produce an irreversible plastic deforma- tion of the sheet and, as they are relieved, the deformed sheet

Texas at Austin. University of

349

Weathering Effects on Mechanical Properties of Recycled HDPE Based Plastic Lumber  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Weathering Effects on Mechanical Properties of Recycled HDPE Based Plastic Lumber Jennifer K. Lynch recycled plastic lumber (RPL) decking was exposed to the environment for eleven years. The weathering in the construction of the deck were a commingled recycled plastic material referred to as curbside tailings, NJCT

350

FINITE-ELEMENT FORMULATIONS FOR PROBLEMS OF LARGE ELASTIC-PLASTIC DEFORMATION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FINITE-ELEMENT FORMULATIONS FOR PROBLEMS OF LARGE ELASTIC-PLASTIC DEFORMATION R. M. MCM~EKING and J elastic-plastic flow.The method is based on Hill's variational principle for incremental deformations in a manner which allows any conventions finite element program, for "small strain" elastic-plastic analysis

351

PLASTIC VERSUS ELASTIC DEFORMATION EFFECTS ON MAGNETIC BARKHAUSEN NOISE IN STEEL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PLASTIC VERSUS ELASTIC DEFORMATION EFFECTS ON MAGNETIC BARKHAUSEN NOISE IN STEEL C.-G. STEFANITA, D) AbstractÐA study was performed to dierentiate the eects of elastic and plastic deformation on magnetic samples subjected to varying degrees of uniaxial elastic and plastic deformation up to H40% strain

Clapham, Lynann

352

Local Flaps: A Real-Time Finite Element Based Solution to the Plastic Surgery  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Local Flaps: A Real-Time Finite Element Based Solution to the Plastic Surgery Defect Puzzle fundamental challenges in plastic surgery is the alter- ation of the geometry and topology of the skin for the patient after the procedure is completed. The plastic surgeon must look at the defect created

Liblit, Ben

353

RATE SENSITIVITY OF PLASTIC FLOW AND IMPLICATIONS FOR YIELD-SURFACE VERTICES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

RATE SENSITIVITY OF PLASTIC FLOW AND IMPLICATIONS FOR YIELD-SURFACE VERTICES Jwo PAN Stress; in recked form 29 Norember 1982) &tract-When crystalline slip is considered as the micromechanism of plastic sensitivity of plastic flow may be central to understanding the ambiguous conclusions from experimental

354

Interfaces and Plastic Deformation in Materials: From Theory to Engineering (3 Credits)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Interfaces and Plastic Deformation in Materials: From Theory to Engineering (3 Credits) Instructor in their plastic deformation. The interface structures and defects will be described at different scales. Interfaces and high temperature plasticity 11. Triple junctions: from free to constrained interfaces 12

Chen, Zheng

355

Structural Signature of Plastic Deformation in Metallic Glasses H. L. Peng,1,2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Structural Signature of Plastic Deformation in Metallic Glasses H. L. Peng,1,2 M. Z. Li,2,* and W the degree of local fivefold symmetry (LFFS) as the structural indicator to predict plastic deformation of local structures and find that the plastic events prefer to be initiated in regions with a lower degree

Wang, Wei Hua

356

Specular highlights of plastic surfaces and the Fresnel Coefficient Elli Angelopoulou*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Specular highlights of plastic surfaces and the Fresnel Coefficient Elli Angelopoulou* and Sofya that the color of specularities for materials like plastics and ceramics can be approximated by the color by experiments performed on multispectral images of different colored plastic tiles. The refractive indices

Angelopoulou, Elli

357

THE ELASTIC-PLASTIC MECHANICS OF CRACK EXTENSION James R. Rice*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THE ELASTIC-PLASTIC MECHANICS OF CRACK EXTENSION James R. Rice* ABSTRACT This paper briefly reviews progres~in the elastic plastic analysisof crack extension. Analytical results for plane strain and plane stress deformation fields are noted, and elastic-plastic fracture instability as well as transitional

358

Covariance of phenotypically plastic traits induces an adaptive shift in host selection behaviour  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Covariance of phenotypically plastic traits induces an adaptive shift in host selection behaviour efficiency. In the present study, we investigated covariance of two plastic traits--size at pupation and host; evolution 1. INTRODUCTION Phenotypic plasticity is defined as the ability of an organism to change its

Dukas, Reuven

359

Bendable single crystal silicon thin film transistors formed by printing on plastic substrates  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Bendable single crystal silicon thin film transistors formed by printing on plastic substrates E on plastic substrates using an efficient dry transfer printing technique. In these devices, free standing-Si is then transferred, to a specific location and with a controlled orientation, onto a thin plastic sheet

Rogers, John A.

360

A CAVITATION TRACKING METHOD FOR ELASTIC-PLASTIC FLOW IN SOLIDS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A CAVITATION TRACKING METHOD FOR ELASTIC-PLASTIC FLOW IN SOLIDS Keh-Ming Shyue Department tracking approach for the numerical simulation of one-dimensional elastic- plastic flow in solids, and the von Mises condition for the elastic-plastic phase change. To characterize the cavitation

Shyue, Keh-Ming

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "miscellaneous plastic products" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Elastic-Plastic Models for Stable Crack Growtht *James R. Rice  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Elastic-Plastic Models for Stable Crack Growtht by *James R. Rice Mareh 1973 'PCAbh ~ ~ e c.\\. (n do not fully recover their strain upon unloading. The idealized non-linear elastic (left) and rigid-plastic,. there is ~ strain concentration created at the cut-ahead tip in the rigid-plastic material and the deformation field

362

An accurate elasto-plastic frictional tangential forcedisplacement model for granular-flow  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An accurate elasto-plastic frictional tangential force­displacement model for granular for both elastic and plastic deformations together with interfacial friction occurring in collisions of spherical particles. This elasto-plastic frictional TFD model, with its force-driven version presented in [L

Vu-Quoc, Loc

363

1 INTRODUCTION The plastic behavior of a certain powder or soil sam-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 INTRODUCTION The plastic behavior of a certain powder or soil sam- ple depends on the history in order to in- vestigate the elasto-plastic response of granular ma- terials. An alternative is obtained by the calculation of the interaction forces between parti- cles. This includes, e.g., plastic

Luding, Stefan

364

Parametric dislocation dynamics: A thermodynamics-based approach to investigations of mesoscopic plastic deformation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

plastic deformation N. M. Ghoniem, S.-H. Tong, and L. Z. Sun Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering 3D interacting dislocation loops. The approach is appropriate for investigations of plastic defor formation of dislocation junctions. I. INTRODUCTION A fundamental description of plastic deformation is now

Ghoniem, Nasr M.

365

PLASTIC BEHAVIOR OF PRESTRAINED METALS: MICROSTRUCTURAL ASPECTS. J.L. RAPHANEL and J.-H. SCHMITT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

708 PLASTIC BEHAVIOR OF PRESTRAINED METALS: MICROSTRUCTURAL ASPECTS. J.L. RAPHANEL and J. 23 (1988) 708 AVRIL 1988, The plastic behavior of prestrained materials is often studied from, a plastic deformation induces microstructural evolutions. For a poly- crystalline single phase metal which

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

366

PHYSICAL NATURE OF SHEAR BANDS FORMATION AND CONSTITUTIVE MODELLING FOR PLASTIC INSTABILITY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

697 PHYSICAL NATURE OF SHEAR BANDS FORMATION AND CONSTITUTIVE MODELLING FOR PLASTIC INSTABILITYtokrzyska 21,00-049 Warsaw,Poland Revue Phys. Appl. 23 (1988) 697 AVRIL 1988, Studies of plastic deformation dependent hardening property can be pivotal in the modelling for plastic deform- ation instability

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

367

LeBonheur Children's Hospital/Aesthetic Surgery Plastic Surgery Rotation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LeBonheur Children's Hospital/Aesthetic Surgery Plastic Surgery Rotation PGY-7 (2nd year Resident) By the end of the Plastic Surgery Rotation at LeBonheur Children's Hospital and Aesthetic Surgery, the PGY-7 with the following conditions needing plastic surgery including but not limited to: · Mammary ptosis. mammary

Cui, Yan

368

Mitigating Effects of Plastic Surgery: Fusing Face and Ocular Biometrics Raghavender Jillela and Arun Ross  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mitigating Effects of Plastic Surgery: Fusing Face and Ocular Biometrics Raghavender Jillela.Ross}@mail.wvu.edu Abstract The task of successfully matching face images obtained before and after plastic surgery is a challenging problem. The degree to which a face is altered depends on the type and number of plastic surgeries

Ross, Arun Abraham

369

Plasticity-Mediated Competitive Learning Nicol N. Schraudolph Terrence J. Sejnowski  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Plasticity-Mediated Competitive Learning Nicol N. Schraudolph Terrence J. Sejnowski nici representations are computa- tionally unattractive. By letting neural plasticity mediate the com- petitive.50 1.00 -4.00 -2.00 0.00 2.00 4.00 Figure 1: Activity f and plasticity f of a logistic node

Schraudolph, Nicol N.

370

Development/Plasticity/Repair Dendritic Spine Dynamics Regulate the Long-Term Stability  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Development/Plasticity/Repair Dendritic Spine Dynamics Regulate the Long-Term Stability of Synaptic Plasticity Cian O'Donnell,1,2 Matthew F. Nolan,3 and Mark C. W. van Rossum1 1Institute for Adaptive of Edinburgh, Edinburgh EH8 9XD, United Kingdom Long-term synaptic plasticity requires postsynaptic influx

van Rossum, Mark

371

THE CHRONICLE OF HIGHER EDUCATION From the issue dated February 28, 2003 One Word: Plastics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: Plastics A group of researchers defies wisdom with polymer blends By LILA GUTERMAN Last fall, researchers into place. The 56-foot-long, one-lane bridge held special meaning for them: It was the world's first all-plastic exclusively from recycled plastics. The bridge was only the researchers' latest success. Tens of thousands

372

Off-fault plasticity and earthquake rupture dynamics: 2. Effects of fluid saturation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Off-fault plasticity and earthquake rupture dynamics: 2. Effects of fluid saturation Robert C slip-weakening behavior is specified, and the off-fault material is described using an elastic-plastic poroelastoplastic materials with and without plastic dilation. During nondilatant undrained response near

373

Developmental Plasticity in Linear Genetic Programming Nicholas Freitag McPhee  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Developmental Plasticity in Linear Genetic Programming Nicholas Freitag McPhee Division of Science numerous types of plasticity, where they respond both developmentally and behaviorally to environ- mental selection to act on these otherwise "invis- ible" genes. In contrast to biological plasticity, the vast

Poli, Riccardo

374

Phenotypic plasticity in opsin expression in a butterfly compound eye complements sex role  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Phenotypic plasticity in opsin expression in a butterfly compound eye complements sex role reversal-2148/12/232 #12;RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Phenotypic plasticity in opsin expression in a butterfly compound eye* Abstract Background: Animals often display phenotypic plasticity in morphologies and behaviors that result

Monteiro, Antónia

375

Sites of Plasticity in the Neural Circuit Mediating Tentacle Withdrawal in the Snail  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sites of Plasticity in the Neural Circuit Mediating Tentacle Withdrawal in the Snail Helix aspersa with the dual-process theory of plasticity. Habituation, sensitization, or a combination of both were elicited by varying stimulation parameters and lesion condition. Analysis of response plasticity shows that the late

Chase, Ronald

376

Gurson's plasticity coupled to damage as a CAP model for concrete compaction in dynamics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Gurson's plasticity coupled to damage as a CAP model for concrete compaction in dynamics Fabrice (compaction) but also the plastic strains in compression and cracking in tension. Recently, new dynamic is generally described by means of the plasticity theory where the spherical and the deviatoric responses

377

Plasticity of BCC micro-pillars controlled by competition between dislocation multiplication and depletion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Plasticity of BCC micro-pillars controlled by competition between dislocation multiplication, plasticity is governed mainly by the kinetics of dislocation motion, not their elastic interactions. Keywords: plasticity, micro-pillars, dislocation dynamics, stress-strain relations Acta Materialia, in press (2013) #12

Cai, Wei

378

Plasticity in the Rat Posterior Auditory Field Following Nucleus Basalis Stimulation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Plasticity in the Rat Posterior Auditory Field Following Nucleus Basalis Stimulation Amanda C. Plasticity in the rat posterior auditory field following nucleus basalis stimulation. J Neurophysiol 98: 253 have been shown to cause frequency-specific plasticity in both primary and secondary cortical areas

Kilgard, Michael P.

379

Development/Plasticity/Repair A Refractory Period for Rejuvenating GABAergic Synaptic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Development/Plasticity/Repair A Refractory Period for Rejuvenating GABAergic Synaptic Transmission and Ocular Dominance Plasticity with Dark Exposure Shiyong Huang,1* Yu Gu,2* Elizabeth M. Quinlan,2 Dark exposure initiated in adulthood reactivates robust ocular dominance plasticity in the visual

Gruner, Daniel S.

380

Phenotype Plasticity in Genetic Programming: A Comparison of Darwinian and Lamarckian  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Phenotype Plasticity in Genetic Programming: A Comparison of Darwinian and Lamarckian Inheritance of phenotype plasticity in Genetic Pro­ gramming (GP). This takes the form of a set of real­valued numerical that plastic GP has significant benefits including faster evolution and adaptation in changing environments

Fernandez, Thomas

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "miscellaneous plastic products" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Plasticity-induced structural anisotropy of silica glass C. L. Rountree1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Plasticity-induced structural anisotropy of silica glass C. L. Rountree1 , D. Vandembroucq2 , M anisotropic structure after extended shear plastic flow. This anisotropy which survives for an un- stressed tetrahedra microstructure remains mostly unaltered. PACS numbers: 62.20.F, 81.05.Kf Plasticity of amorphous

Boyer, Edmond

382

Developmental plasticity of cutaneous water loss and lipid composition in stratum corneum of desert  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Developmental plasticity of cutaneous water loss and lipid composition in stratum corneum of desert and cerebrosides in the SC compared with mesic spar- rows. In this study, we investigated developmental plasticity modifications of the lipid composition of the SC. The expression of plasticity in CWL seems to be a response

Williams, Jos. B.

383

PHENOTYPIC PLASTICITY IN AGE AT FIRST REPRODUCTION OF FEMALE NORTHERN SEA OTTERS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PHENOTYPIC PLASTICITY IN AGE AT FIRST REPRODUCTION OF FEMALE NORTHERN SEA OTTERS (ENHYDRA LUTRIS phenotypic plasticity. When populations are near carrying capacity (K) or when they are declining due) populations in Alaska provides an opportunity to examine phenotypic plasticity. Using premolar teeth

384

Plasticity in Cu thin films: an experimental investigation of the effect of microstructure  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Plasticity in Cu thin films: an experimental investigation of the effect of microstructure A thesis Author Joost J. Vlassak Yong Xiang Plasticity in Cu thin films: an experimental investigation is constructed. The elastic-plastic behavior of Cu films is studied with emphasis on the effects

385

Plasticity contributions to interface adhesion in thin-film interconnect structures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Plasticity contributions to interface adhesion in thin-film interconnect structures Michael Lanea of plasticity in thin copper layers on the interface fracture resistance in thin-film interconnect structures yield properties together with a plastic flow model for the metal layers were used to predict

Vainchtein, Anna

386

PLASTICITY OF DAMAGED SOLIDS AND SHEAR BAND LOCALIZATION MARIA K.DUSZEK and PIOTR PERZYNA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

694 PLASTICITY OF DAMAGED SOLIDS AND SHEAR BAND LOCALIZATION MARIA K.DUSZEK and PIOTR PERZYNA of shear band localization conditions for finite elastic-plastic rate independent deformations of damaged for elastic-plastic solids when iso- tropic and kinematic hardening effects and micro-damage process are taken

Boyer, Edmond

387

Phenotypic Plasticity of Leaf Shape along a Temperature Gradient in Acer rubrum  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Phenotypic Plasticity of Leaf Shape along a Temperature Gradient in Acer rubrum Dana L. Royer1 plasticity and genetic determination can be important for understanding how plants respond to environmental change. However, little is known about the plastic response of leaf teeth and leaf dissection

Royer, Dana

388

Plasticity of intermediate mechanics students' coordinate system choice Eleanor C. Sayre  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Plasticity of intermediate mechanics students' coordinate system choice Eleanor C. Sayre Department from solid. To describe our work more precisely, we define a scale of plasticity and several heuristics for defining resources and their plasticity. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevSTPER.4.020105 PACS number s : 01.30.lb, 01

Zollman, Dean

389

Interfacial plasticity governs strain rate sensitivity and ductility in nanostructured metals  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Interfacial plasticity governs strain rate sensitivity and ductility in nanostructured metals Ting-controlling mechanisms of plastic flow. We attribute the relatively high ductility of nano- twinned copper to the hardening of twin boundaries as they gradually lose coherency during plastic deformation. These find- ings

Suresh, Subra

390

Development/Plasticity/Repair Simultaneous NMDA-Dependent Long-Term Potentiation of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Development/Plasticity/Repair Simultaneous NMDA-Dependent Long-Term Potentiation of EPSCs and Long activity-dependent long-term plasticity of neuronal networks is the interplay between excitatory, whereas a nitric oxide synthase inhibitor was ineffec- tive. Finally, network-induced plasticity

Segal, Menahem

391

Plasticity of metal wires in torsion: Molecular dynamics and dislocation dynamics simulations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Plasticity of metal wires in torsion: Molecular dynamics and dislocation dynamics simulations t The orientation dependent plasticity in metal nanowires is investigated using molecular dynamics and dislocation wires controls the mechanisms of plastic deformation. For wires oriented along /1 1 0S, dislocations

Cai, Wei

392

III.C. 2. Plastics and Competing Materials by 1985: A Delphi Forecasting Study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

189 III.C. 2. Plastics and Competing Materials by 1985: A Delphi Forecasting Study SELWYN ENZER The application of Delphi to the identification and assessment of possible developments in plastics and competing. The ability to tailor-make plastics for various applications, enhanced by growth in understanding of organic

Bieber, Michael

393

Baling Used Agricultural Plastic Dr. Ron Goldy, MSUE, District Extension Educator  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Baling Used Agricultural Plastic Dr. Ron Goldy, MSUE, District Extension Educator Introduction: Use of agricultural plastics has been a subject many growers are reluctant to discuss. But one of the first questions the plastic is brought to the baler. Round hay balers have been used to bale greenhouse poly film so they were

394

Recycling and recovery routes of plastic solid waste (PSW): A review  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Plastic solid waste (PSW) presents challenges and opportunities to societies regardless of their sustainability awareness and technological advances. In this paper, recent progress in the recycling and recovery of PSW is reviewed. A special emphasis is paid on waste generated from polyolefinic sources, which makes up a great percentage of our daily single-life cycle plastic products. The four routes of PSW treatment are detailed and discussed covering primary (re-extrusion), secondary (mechanical), tertiary (chemical) and quaternary (energy recovery) schemes and technologies. Primary recycling, which involves the re-introduction of clean scrap of single polymer to the extrusion cycle in order to produce products of the similar material, is commonly applied in the processing line itself but rarely applied among recyclers, as recycling materials rarely possess the required quality. The various waste products, consisting of either end-of-life or production (scrap) waste, are the feedstock of secondary techniques, thereby generally reduced in size to a more desirable shape and form, such as pellets, flakes or powders, depending on the source, shape and usability. Tertiary treatment schemes have contributed greatly to the recycling status of PSW in recent years. Advanced thermo-chemical treatment methods cover a wide range of technologies and produce either fuels or petrochemical feedstock. Nowadays, non-catalytic thermal cracking (thermolysis) is receiving renewed attention, due to the fact of added value on a crude oil barrel and its very valuable yielded products. But a fact remains that advanced thermo-chemical recycling of PSW (namely polyolefins) still lacks the proper design and kinetic background to target certain desired products and/or chemicals. Energy recovery was found to be an attainable solution to PSW in general and municipal solid waste (MSW) in particular. The amount of energy produced in kilns and reactors applied in this route is sufficiently investigated up to the point of operation, but not in terms of integration with either petrochemical or converting plants. Although primary and secondary recycling schemes are well established and widely applied, it is concluded that many of the PSW tertiary and quaternary treatment schemes appear to be robust and worthy of additional investigation.

Al-Salem, S.M. [Centre for CO-2 Technology, Department of Chemical Engineering, School of Process Engineering, University College London (UCL), Torrington Place, London WC1E 7JE (United Kingdom)], E-mail: s.al-salem@ucl.ac.uk; Lettieri, P.; Baeyens, J. [Centre for CO-2 Technology, Department of Chemical Engineering, School of Process Engineering, University College London (UCL), Torrington Place, London WC1E 7JE (United Kingdom)

2009-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

395

Copper coated carbon fiber reinforced plastics for high and ultra high vacuum applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We have used copper-coated carbon fiber reinforced plastic (CuCFRP) for the construction of high and ultra-high vacuum recipients. The vacuum performance is found to be comparable to typical stainless steel used for this purpose. In test recipients we have reached pressures of 2E-8 mbar and measured a desorption rate of 1E-11 mbar*liter/s/cm^2; no degradation over time (2 years) has been found. Suitability for baking has been found to depend on the CFRP production process, presumably on the temperature of the autoclave curing. Together with other unique properties of CuCFRP such as low weight and being nearly non-magnetic, this makes it an ideal material for many high-end vacuum applications.

Burri, F; Feusi, P; Henneck, R; Kirch, K; Lauss, B; Ruettimann, P; Schmidt-Wellenburg, P; Schnabel, A; Voigt, J; Zenner, J; Zsigmond, G

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

Oxygen-assisted multipass cutting of carbon fiber reinforced plastics with ultra-short laser pulses  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Deep multipass cutting of bidirectional and unidirectional carbon fiber reinforced plastics (CFRP) with picosecond laser pulses was investigated in different static atmospheres as well as with the assistance of an oxygen or nitrogen gas flow. The ablation rate was determined as a function of the kerf depth and the resulting heat affected zone was measured. An assisting oxygen gas flow is found to significantly increase the cutting productivity, but only in deep kerfs where the diminished evaporative ablation due to the reduced laser fluence reaching the bottom of the kerf does not dominate the contribution of reactive etching anymore. Oxygen-supported cutting was shown to also solve the problem that occurs when cutting the CFRP parallel to the fiber orientation where a strong deformation and widening of the kerf, which temporarily slows down the process speed, is revealed to be typical for processing in standard air atmospheres.

Kononenko, T. V.; Komlenok, M. S.; Konov, V. I. [Natural Sciences Center, General Physics Institute, Vavilov str. 38, 119991 Moscow (Russian Federation); National Research Nuclear University, “MEPhI,” Kashirskoye shosse 31, 115409 Moscow (Russian Federation); Freitag, C. [Universität Stuttgart, Institut für Strahlwerkzeuge (IFSW), Pfaffenwaldring 43, 70569 Stuttgart (Germany); GSaME Graduate School of Excellence Advanced Manufacturing Engineering, Nobelstrasse 12, 70569 Stuttgart (Germany); Onuseit, V.; Weber, R.; Graf, T. [Universität Stuttgart, Institut für Strahlwerkzeuge (IFSW), Pfaffenwaldring 43, 70569 Stuttgart (Germany)

2014-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

397

Symmetry group analysis of an ideal plastic flow  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper, we study the Lie point symmetry group of a system describing an ideal plastic plane flow in two dimensions in order to find analytical solutions. The infinitesimal generators that span the Lie algebra for this system are obtained. We completely classify the subalgebras of up to codimension two in conjugacy classes under the action of the symmetry group. Based on invariant forms, we use Ansatzes to compute symmetry reductions in such a way that the obtained solutions cover simultaneously many invariant and partially invariant solutions. We calculate solutions of the algebraic, trigonometric, inverse trigonometric and elliptic type. Some solutions depending on one or two arbitrary functions of one variable have also been found. In some cases, the shape of a potentially feasible extrusion die corresponding to the solution is deduced. These tools could be used to thin, curve, undulate or shape a ring in an ideal plastic material.

Vincent Lamothe

2011-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

398

Plastic anisotropy in a superplastic duplex stainless steel  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Measurements of the plastic anisotropy in uniaxial tension of the duplex stainless steel, SAF2304, have been made at room temperature and under conditions where the material was superplastic. There was significant plastic anisotropy in both types of deformation and there were some similarities between the low and high temperature variations with tensile axis orientation. Although it was possible to model the high temperature anisotropy using a grain boundary sliding model, the assumed distribution of sliding boundaries was considered to be unrealistic. This, together with aspects of microstructural and textural development, indicated that deformation was principally occurring by intragranular slip with a significant contribution caused by mechanical inhomogeneity in the two-phase material.

Song, J.L.; Bate, P.S. [Univ. of Birmingham (United Kingdom)] [Univ. of Birmingham (United Kingdom)

1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

Final LDRD report : advanced plastic scintillators for neutron detection.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report summarizes the results of a one-year, feasibility-scale LDRD project that was conducted with the goal of developing new plastic scintillators capable of pulse shape discrimination (PSD) for neutron detection. Copolymers composed of matrix materials such as poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) and blocks containing trans-stilbene (tSB) as the scintillator component were prepared and tested for gamma/neutron response. Block copolymer synthesis utilizing tSBMA proved unsuccessful so random copolymers containing up to 30% tSB were prepared. These copolymers were found to function as scintillators upon exposure to gamma radiation; however, they did not exhibit PSD when exposed to a neutron source. This project, while falling short of its ultimate goal, demonstrated the possible utility of single-component, undoped plastics as scintillators for applications that do not require PSD.

Vance, Andrew L.; Mascarenhas, Nicholas; O'Bryan, Greg; Mrowka, Stanley

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Modeling Cortical Plasticity Based on Adapting Lateral Interaction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A neural network model called LISSOM for the cooperative self-organization of afferent and lateral connections in cortical maps is applied to modeling cortical plasticity. After self-organization, the LISSOM maps are in a dynamic equilibrium with the input, and reorganize like the cortex in response to simulated cortical lesions and intracortical microstimulation. The model predicts that adapting lateral interactions are fundamental to cortical reorganization, and suggests techniques to hasten recovery following sensory cortical surgery.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "miscellaneous plastic products" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Pre-release plastic packaging of MEMS and IMEMS devices  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method is disclosed for pre-release plastic packaging of MEMS and IMEMS devices. The method can include encapsulating the MEMS device in a transfer molded plastic package. Next, a perforation can be made in the package to provide access to the MEMS elements. The non-ablative material removal process can include wet etching, dry etching, mechanical machining, water jet cutting, and ultrasonic machining, or any combination thereof. Finally, the MEMS elements can be released by using either a wet etching or dry plasma etching process. The MEMS elements can be protected with a parylene protective coating. After releasing the MEMS elements, an anti-stiction coating can be applied. The perforating step can be applied to both sides of the device or package. A cover lid can be attached to the face of the package after releasing any MEMS elements. The cover lid can include a window for providing optical access. The method can be applied to any plastic packaged microelectronic device that requires access to the environment, including chemical, pressure, or temperature-sensitive microsensors; CCD chips, photocells, laser diodes, VCSEL's, and UV-EPROMS. The present method places the high-risk packaging steps ahead of the release of the fragile portions of the device. It also provides protection for the die in shipment between the molding house and the house that will release the MEMS elements and subsequently treat the surfaces.

Peterson, Kenneth A. (Albuquerque, NM); Conley, William R. (Tijeras, NM)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

Survey of electrochemical production of inorganic compounds. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The electrochemical generation of inorganic compounds, excluding chlorine/caustic, has been critically reviewed. About 60 x 10/sup 12/ Btu/y fossil fuel equivalent will be used in the year 2000 for the electrosynthesis of inorganic compounds. Significant energy savings in chlorate production can result from the development of suitable electrocatalysts for lowering the cathodic overpotential. Perchlorates, electrolytic hypochlorite, electrolytic manganese dioxide, fluorine and other miscellaneous compounds use relatively small amounts of electrical energy. Implementation of caustic scrubber technology for stack gas cleanup would result in appreciable amounts of sodium sulfate which could be electrolyzed to regenerate caustic. Hydrogen peroxide, now produced by the alkyl anthraquinone process, could be made electrolytically by a new process coupling anodic oxidation of sulfate with cathodic reduction of oxygen in alkaline solution. Ozone is currently manufactured using energy-inefficient silent discharge equipment. A novel energy-efficient approach which uses an oxygen-enhanced anodic reaction is examined.

Not Available

1980-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

Elastic-Plastic-Brittle Transitions and Avalanches in Disordered Media Sohan Kale and Martin Ostoja-Starzewski*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Elastic-Plastic-Brittle Transitions and Avalanches in Disordered Media Sohan Kale and Martin Ostoja to simulate elastic-plastic-brittle transitions in a disordered medium is presented. The model is based, and the fracture surfaces. The model demonstrates a plastic strain avalanche behavior for perfectly plastic as well

Ostoja-Starzewski, Martin

404

Company City State Contact Info 21st Century Plastics Corporation Potterville MI www.21stcpc.com  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Company City State Contact Info 21st Century Plastics Corporation Potterville MI www.21stcpc.com A. Schulman, Inc. Akron OH www.aschulman.com A.M.A. Plastics Riverside CA www.accordindustries.com Airlite Plastics Co. Omaha NE www.airliteplastics.com Alco Plastics, Inc. Romeo MI www

McGaughey, Alan

405

Bioconversion of waste biomass to useful products  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A process is provided for converting waste biomass to useful products by gasifying the biomass to produce synthesis gas and converting the synthesis gas substrate to one or more useful products. The present invention is directed to the conversion of biomass wastes including municipal solid waste, sewage sludge, plastic, tires, agricultural residues and the like, as well as coal, to useful products such as hydrogen, ethanol and acetic acid. The overall process includes the steps of gasifying the waste biomass to produce raw synthesis gas, cooling the synthesis gas, converting the synthesis gas to the desired product or products using anaerobic bioconversion, and then recovering the product or products. In accordance with a particular embodiment of the present invention, waste biomass is converted to synthesis gas containing carbon monoxide and, then, the carbon monoxide is converted to hydrogen by an anaerobic microorganism ERIH2, bacillus smithii ATCC No. 55404.

Grady, James L. (Fayetteville, AR); Chen, Guang Jiong (Fayetteville, AR)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Bioconversion of waste biomass to useful products  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A process is provided for converting waste biomass to useful products by gasifying the biomass to produce synthesis gas and converting the synthesis gas substrate to one or more useful products. The present invention is directed to the conversion of biomass wastes including municipal solid waste, sewage sludge, plastic, tires, agricultural residues and the like, as well as coal, to useful products such as hydrogen, ethanol and acetic acid. The overall process includes the steps of gasifying the waste biomass to produce raw synthesis gas, cooling the synthesis gas, converting the synthesis gas to the desired product or products using anaerobic bioconversion, and then recovering the product or products. In accordance with a particular embodiment of the present invention, waste biomass is converted to synthesis gas containing carbon monoxide and, then, the carbon monoxide is converted to hydrogen by an anaerobic microorganism ERIH2, Bacillus smithii ATCC No. 55404. 82 figs.

Grady, J.L.; Chen, G.J.

1998-10-13T23:59:59.000Z

407

Comparison of isotropic elasto-plastic models for the plastic metric tensor $C_p=F_p^T\\, F_p$  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We discuss in detail existing isotropic elasto-plastic models based on 6-dimensional flow rules for the positive definite plastic metric tensor $C_p=F_p^T\\, F_p$ and highlight their properties and interconnections. We show that seemingly different models are equivalent in the isotropic case.

Patrizio Neff; Ionel-Dumitrel Ghiba

2014-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

408

Recovery and separation of high-value plastics from discarded household appliances  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Argonne National Laboratory is conducting research to develop a cost- effective and environmentally acceptable process for the separation of high-value plastics from discarded household appliances. The process under development has separated individual high purity (greater than 99.5%) acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene (ABS) and high- impact polystyrene (HIPS) from commingled plastics generated by appliance-shredding and metal-recovery operations. The process consists of size-reduction steps for the commingled plastics, followed by a series of gravity-separation techniques to separate plastic materials of different densities. Individual plastics of similar densities, such as ABS and HIPS, are further separated by using a chemical solution. By controlling the surface tension, the density, and the temperature of the chemical solution we are able to selectively float/separate plastics that have different surface energies. This separation technique has proven to be highly effective in recovering high-purity plastics materials from discarded household appliances. A conceptual design of a continuous process to recover high-value plastics from discarded appliances is also discussed. In addition to plastics separation research, Argonne National Laboratory is conducting research to develop cost-effective techniques for improving the mechanical properties of plastics recovered from appliances.

Karvelas, D.E.; Jody, B.J.; Poykala, J.A. Jr.; Daniels, E.J. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States). Energy Systems Div.; Arman, B. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States). Energy Systems Div.]|[Praxair, Inc., Tarrytown, NY (United States)

1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

Final Report: Development of Renewable Microbial Polyesters for Cost Effective and Energy- Efficient Wood-Plastic Composites  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this project, we proposed to produce wood fiber reinforced thermoplastic composites (WFRTCs) using microbial thermoplastic polyesters in place of petroleum-derived plastic. WFRTCs are a rapidly growing product area, averaging a 38% growth rate since 1997. Their production is dependent on substantial quantities of petroleum based thermoplastics, increasing their overall energy costs by over 230% when compared to traditional Engineered Wood Products (EWP). Utilizing bio-based thermoplastics for these materials can reduce our dependence on foreign petroleum. We have demonstrated that biopolymers (polyhydroxyalkanoates, PHA) can be successfully produced from wood pulping waste streams and that viable wood fiber reinforced thermoplastic composite products can be produced from these materials. The results show that microbial polyester (PHB in this study) can be extruded together with wastewater-derived cell mass and wood flour into deck products having performance properties comparable to existing commercial HDPE/WF composite products. This study has thus proven the underlying concept that the microbial polyesters produced from waste effluents can be used to make cost-effective and energy-efficient wood-plastic composites. The cost of purified microbial polyesters is about 5-20 times that of HDPE depending on the cost of crude oil, due to high purification (40%), carbon substrate (40%) and sterilized fermentation (20%) costs for the PHB. Hence, the ability to produce competitive and functional composites with unpurified PHA-biomass mixtures from waste carbon sources in unsterile systems—without cell debris removal—is a significant step forward in producing competitive value-added structural composites from forest products residuals using a biorefinery approach. As demonstrated in the energy and waste analysis for the project, significant energy savings and waste reductions can also be realized using this approach. We recommend that the next step for development of useful products using this technology is to scale the technology from the 700-L pilot reactor to a small-scale production facility, with dedicated operation staff and engineering controls. In addition, we recommend that a market study be conducted as well as further product development for construction products that will utilize the unique properties of this bio-based material.

Thompson, David N.; Emerick, Robert W.; England, Alfred B.; Flanders, James P.; Loge, Frank J.; Wiedeman, Katherine A.; Wolcott, Michael P.

2010-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

410

Detecting sub-MeV neutrons in solid plastic scintillator with gamma-ray discrimination  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report on recent efforts to design a solid plastic scintillation hodoscope to measure neutron production cross sections at low energies. Our program includes not only the development of the detector itself, but also a set of auxiliary measurements which will help characterize its low-energy response. A novel scintillation counter has been developed to detect sub-MeV neutrons while rejecting gamma-ray backgrounds with good efficiency. The detector uses multiple layers of thin solid scintillator, with optical isolation between the adjacent layers. Incident low-energy neutrons produce ionizing recoil particles which remain within just one of the scintillator layers, while background gamma rays create electrons which most often cross the boundary between layers. By observing the trigger pattern within the layers, most gamma-ray backgrounds can be distinguished from the low-energy neutrons of interest. We report on the results of our Monte Carlo studies of this design, as well as on the operation of a prototype detector unit. We also have undertaken a new measurement of the neutron-proton total cross section below 1 MeV. Calculations of the efficiency for detecting low energy neutrons in plastic scintillator rely on accurate low energy n-p cross sections, yet surprisingly few such data currently exist. New measurements which span the region from 150 to 800 keV neutron (lab) energy are reported and discussed. Additionally, we have measured the light response of BC 418 scintillator for recoil proton energies as low as 100 keV. Recoil protons are produced at a known energy in the scintillator by placing it in a neutron beam and detecting in coincidence the elastically scattered neutrons at fixed angle. Our new results extend the energy range of previous measurements of the light response of solid organic scintillators, and may indicate a significantly modified response at the lowest observed energies. (authors)

Kovash, M. A. [Dept. of Physics and Astronomy, Univ. of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40506 (United States); Daub, B.; French, J.; Henzl, V. [Dept. of Physics, Massachusetts Inst. of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139 (United States); Shoniyozov, K. [Dept. of Physics and Astronomy, Univ. of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40506 (United States); Matthews, J. L. [Dept. of Physics, Massachusetts Inst. of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139 (United States); Miller, Z.; Yang, H. [Dept. of Physics and Astronomy, Univ. of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40506 (United States)

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

SMOKE TOXICITY FROM COMBUSTION PRODUCTS BASED ON POLYMERS CONTAINING  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(PVC) is an important polymer used in building (pipes, cables, Windows...). According to thé literature, thermal dégradation of PVC begins near 170-200°C. The principal advantage of rigid PVC is thé good self applications. Moreover, additives in technical PVC products (such as plasticizers, antioxidants dyestuffs

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

412

Visualization of stacking faults in fcc crystals in plastic deformations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Using molecular dynamics simulation, we investigate the dynamics of stacking faults in fcc crystals in uniaxial stretching in a Lennard-Jones binary mixture composed of 4096 particles in three dimensions. We visualize stacking faults using a disorder variable $D_j(t)$ for each particle $j$ constructed from local bond order parameters based on spherical harmonics (Steinhardt order parameters). Also introducing a method of bond breakage, we examine how stacking faults are formed and removed by collective particle motions. These processes are relevant in plasticity of fcc crystals.

Takeshi Kawasaki; Akira Onuki

2011-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

413

A Novel Thermal Position Sensor Integrated On A Plastic Substrate  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A thermal position sensor was fabricated and evaluated. The device consists of an array of temperature sensing elements, fabricated entirely on a plastic substrate. A novel fabrication technology was implemented which allows direct integration with read out electronics and communication to the macro-world without the use of wire bonding. The fabricated sensing elements are temperature sensitive Pt resistors with an average TCR of 0.0024/C. The device realizes the detection of the position and the motion of a heating source by monitoring the resistance variation of the thermistor array. The application field of such a cost-effective position sensor is considered quite extensive.

A. Petropoulos; G. Kaltsas; D. Goustouridis; A. G. Nassiopoulou

2008-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

414

Symmetry groups of non-stationary planar ideal plasticity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper is a study of the Lie groups of point symmetries admitted by a system describing a non-stationary planar flow of an ideal plastic material. For several types of forces involved in the system, the infinitesimal generators which generate the Lie algebra of symmetries have been obtained. In the case of a monogenic force, the classification of one- and two- dimensional subalgebras into conjugacy classes under the action of the group of automorphisms has been accomplished. The method of symmetry reduction is applied for certain subalgebra classes in order to obtain invariant solutions.

Vincent Lamothe

2014-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

415

Plastic Bags to Batteries: A Green Chemistry Solution | Argonne National  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the1 - September 2006Photovoltaic Theory andVelocity Profile DuringLaboratory Plastic

416

Plasticizers Derived from Vegetable Oils - Energy Innovation Portal  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the1 - September 2006Photovoltaic Theory andVelocity Profile DuringLaboratory Plastic

417

Supporting Information Scalable Air Cathode Microbial Fuel Cells Using Glass Fiber Separators, Plastic Mesh  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Plastic Mesh Supporters, and Graphite Fiber Brush Anodes Xiaoyuan Zhang a , Shaoan Cheng b, c , Peng Liang (mW/m2 ) Reference Single brush Single Without plastic mesh or GF1 12 9.5±0.2 68±1 1160±21 This study Single brush Single Without plastic mesh, with GF1 12 11.8±2.1 74±4 1277±80 This study Single brush

418

Arrangement for connecting a fiber-reinforced plastic pipe to a stainless steel flange  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Arrangement for connecting a fiber-reinforced plastic pipe (18) to a stainless steel flange (12, 16), in which the end of the fiber-reinforced plastic pipe (18) is accommodated in a ring-shaped groove (12a, 16a) in the flange (12, 16), the groove conforming to the dimensions of the fiber-reinforced plastic pipe (18), where the gap remaining between the end of the fiber-reinforced plastic pipe (18) and the ring-shaped groove (12a, 16a) is filled with a sealant (19).

Allais, Arnaud (D-30625 Hannover, DE); Hoffmann, Ernst (D-30855 Langenhagen, DE)

2008-02-05T23:59:59.000Z

419

Thick adherent dielectric films on plastic substrates and method for depositing same  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Thick adherent dielectric films deposited on plastic substrates for use as a thermal barrier layer to protect the plastic substrates from high temperatures which, for example, occur during laser annealing of layers subsequently deposited on the dielectric films. It is desirable that the barrier layer has properties including: a thickness of 1 .mu.m or greater, adheres to a plastic substrate, does not lift-off when cycled in temperature, has few or no cracks and does not crack when subjected to bending, resistant to lift-off when submersed in fluids, electrically insulating and preferably transparent. The thick barrier layer may be composed, for example, of a variety of dielectrics and certain metal oxides, and may be deposited on a variety of plastic substrates by various known deposition techniques. The key to the method of forming the thick barrier layer on the plastic substrate is maintaining the substrate cool during deposition of the barrier layer. Cooling of the substrate maybe accomplished by the use of a cooling chuck on which the plastic substrate is positioned, and by directing cooling gas, such as He, Ar and N.sub.2, between the plastic substrate and the cooling chucks. Thick adherent dielectric films up to about 5 .mu.m have been deposited on plastic substrates which include the above-referenced properties, and which enable the plastic substrates to withstand laser processing temperatures applied to materials deposited on the dielectric films.

Wickboldt, Paul (Walnut Creek, CA); Ellingboe, Albert R. (Fremont, CA); Theiss, Steven D. (Woodbury, MN); Smith, Patrick M. (San Ramon, CA)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

Intrinsic Plasticity in a Generative Model of V1 Cornelius Weber & Jochen Triesch  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Intrinsic Plasticity in a Generative Model of V1 Cornelius Weber & Jochen Triesch Frankfurt Institute for Advanced Studies, Johann Wolfgang Goethe University Frankfurt. Email: c.weber

Weber, Cornelius

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "miscellaneous plastic products" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

E-Print Network 3.0 - aktau plastics plant Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

resource foraging... will be restricted to the role of plasticity in the capture of resources by the root ... Source: Novoplansky, Ariel - Department of Desert Ecology, Jacob...

422

Coupled hydro-mechanical processes in crytalline rock and in induratedand plastic clays: A comparative discussion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Term HM Measurements around HADES URF, Proceedings of EUROCKThe extension of the HADES Underground Research facility atin a plastic clay formation: The HADES underground research

Tsang, Chin-Fu; Blumling, Peter; Bernier, Frederic

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Pyrolysis of polystyrene - polyphenylene oxide to recover styrene and useful products  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A process of using fast pyrolysis in a carrier gas to convert a polystyrene and polyphenylene oxide plastic waste to a given polystyrene and polyphenylene oxide prior to pyrolysis of other plastic components therein comprising: selecting a first temperature range to cause pyrolysis of given polystyrene and polyphenylene oxide and its high value monomeric constituent prior to a temperature range that causes pyrolysis of other plastic components; selecting a catalyst and a support and treating the feed stream with the catalyst to affect acid or base catalyzed reaction pathways to maximize yield or enhance separation of high value monomeric constituent of styrene from polystyrene and polyphenylene oxide in the first temperature range; differentially heating the feed stream at a heat rate within the first temperature range to provide differential pyrolysis for selective recovery of the high value monomeric constituent of styrene from polystyrene and polyphenylene oxide prior to pyrolysis of other plastic components; separating the high value monomer constituent of styrene; selecting a second higher temperature range to cause pyrolysis to a different derived high value product of polyphenylene oxide from the plastic waste and differentially heating the feed stream at the higher temperature range to cause pyrolysis of the plastic into a polyphenylene oxide derived product; and separating the different derived high value polyphenylene oxide product.

Evans, Robert J. (Lakewood, CO); Chum, Helena L. (Arvada, CO)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Interspecific Variability of Biomass Production of Young Coffea: No Influence of Branch Pruning. Experimental Evidence and Theoretical Analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Interspecific Variability of Biomass Production of Young Coffea: No Influence of Branch Pruning diversity and architectural plasticity. In this study, we investigated the biomass production and allocation treatment had no influence on biomass production and allocation for these young trees. We propose

Boyer, Edmond

425

Production of biofuels and biodegradable plastics from common waste substrates in engineered Ralstonia eutropha  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ralstonia eutropha, a Gram-negative proteobacterium, is capable of utilizing a plethora of simple and complex carbon sources derived from common waste streams. When experiencing nutrient stress in the presence of high ...

Lu, Jingnan, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Dislocations and Plasticity in bcc Transition Metals at High Pressure  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Using first-principles electronic structure calculations, quantum-based atomistic simulations and atomistically informed dislocation dynamics (DD) simulations, we have studied individual dislocation behavior and the multiscale modeling of single-crystal plasticity in the prototype bcc transition metals Ta, Mo and V under both ambient and high pressure conditions. The primary focus in this work is on the pressure-dependent structure, mobility and interaction of a/2<111> screw dislocations, which dominate the plastic deformation properties of these materials. At the electronic scale, first-principles calculations of elasticity, ideal strength and generalized stacking fault energy surfaces have been used to validate quantum-based multi-ion interatomic potentials. At the atomistic scale, these potentials have been used in flexible Green's function boundary condition simulations to study the core structure, Peierls stress {tau}{sub P}, thermally activated kink-pair formation and mobility below {tau}{sub P}, and phonon-drag mobility above {tau}{sub P}. These results have then been distilled into analytic velocity laws and used directly in predictive microscale DD simulations of flow stress and resolved yield stress over wide ranges of pressure, temperature and strain rate.

Yang, L H; Tang, M; Moriarty, J A

2009-01-23T23:59:59.000Z

427

Elasto-plastic response of reversibly crosslinked biopolymer bundles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the response of F-actin bundles to driving forces through a simple analytical model. We consider two filaments connected by reversibly bound crosslinks and driven by an external force. Two failure modes under load can be defined. \\textit{Brittle failure} is observed when crosslinks suddenly and collectively unbind, leading to catastrophic loss of bundle integrity. During \\textit{ductile failure}, on the other hand, bundle integrity is maintained, however at the cost of crosslink reorganization and defect formation. We present phase diagrams for the onset of failure, highlighting the importance of the crosslink stiffness for these processes. Crossing the phase boundaries, force-deflection curves display (frequency-dependent) hysteresis loops, reflecting the first-order character of the failure processes. We evidence how the introduction of defects can lead to complex elasto-plastic relaxation processes, once the force is switched off. Depending on, both, the time-scale for defect motion as well as the crosslink stiffness, bundles can remain in a quasi-permanent plastically deformed state for a very long time.

Poulomi Sadhukhan; Ole Schuman; Claus Heussinger

2014-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

428

Natural gas transport by plastic pipes. (Latest citations from the EI Compendex*plus database). Published Search  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The bibliography contains citations concerning the use of plastic piping to transport natural gas or liquid propane gas. The interaction between gas odorants and plastic pipe, the effects of aging on plastic pipe used to transport gas, and pipe failure analyses are examined. Bending, joining, and repair methods are discussed. Composite reinforced plastic pipes and plastic coated pipes are considered. Polyethylene and epoxy composites are among the materials discussed. Gas main upgrading projects that replaced old pipes with plastic ones are briefly cited. (Contains a minimum of 89 citations and includes a subject term index and title list.)

Not Available

1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Experimental investigation of the quality characteristics of agricultural plastic wastes regarding their recycling and energy recovery potential  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Definition of parameters characterising agricultural plastic waste (APW) quality. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Analysis of samples to determine APW quality for recycling or energy recovery. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Majority of APW samples from various countries have very good quality for recycling. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Upper limit of 50% w/w soil contamination in APW acceptable for energy recovery. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Chlorine and heavy metals content in APW below the lowest limit for energy recovery. - Abstract: A holistic environmentally sound waste management scheme that transforms agricultural plastic waste (APW) streams into labelled guaranteed quality commodities freely traded in open market has been developed by the European research project LabelAgriWaste. The APW quality is defined by the APW material requirements, translated to technical specifications, for recycling or energy recovery. The present work investigates the characteristics of the APW quality and the key factors affecting it from the introduction of the virgin product to the market to the APW stream reaching the disposer. Samples of APW from different countries were traced from their application to the field through their storage phase and transportation to the final destination. The test results showed that the majority of APW retained their mechanical properties after their use preserving a 'very good quality' for recycling in terms of degradation. The degree of soil contamination concerning the APW recycling and energy recovery potential fluctuates depending on the agricultural plastic category and application. The chlorine and heavy metal content of the tested APW materials was much lower than the maximum acceptable limits for their potential use in cement industries.

Briassoulis, D., E-mail: briassou@aua.gr [Agricultural University of Athens, Agricultural Engineering Department, 75 Iera Odos Str., 11855 Athens (Greece); Hiskakis, M.; Babou, E. [Agricultural University of Athens, Agricultural Engineering Department, 75 Iera Odos Str., 11855 Athens (Greece); Antiohos, S.K., E-mail: santiohos@titan.gr [Titan Cement Company S.A., Group R and D and Quality Department, Kamari Plant, P.O. Box 18, 19200 Elefsina (Greece); Papadi, C., E-mail: c.papadi@polyeco.gr [Polyeco S.A., 16 km National Road Athens-Korinthos, Aspropyrgos 19300 (Greece)

2012-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

430

The Northeast Forest Bio-products Puzzle David T. Damery and Jeff Benjamin  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to manufacture Levulinic Acid (LA). LA can then be used as a "building block" for bio-diesel, polymers, plasticsThe Northeast Forest Bio-products Puzzle David T. Damery and Jeff Benjamin Forest products industry, landowners, universities, equipment manufacturers and governments share an interest in the emerging bio

Schweik, Charles M.

431

Utilization of low NOx coal combustion by-products. Quarterly report, July 1--September 30, 1996  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objective of this project was to commercialize fly ash beneficiation at various facilities around the country. The paper describes laboratory characterization of fly ash samples, pilot plant testing, product testing, and market and economic analyses. Products include concrete, concrete blocks and bricks, plastic fillers, activated carbon, and metal matrix composites.

NONE

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

432

Conversion of historic waste treatment process for production of an LDR and WIPP/WAC compliant TRU wasteform  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In support of the historic weapons production mission at the, Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site (RFETS), several liquid waste treatment processes were designed, built and operated for treatment of plutonium-contaminated aqueous waste. Most of these @ processes ultimately resulted in the production of a cemented wasteform. One of these treatment processes was the Miscellaneous Aqueous Waste Handling and Solidification Process, commonly referred to as the Bottlebox process. Due to a lack of processing demand, Bottlebox operations were curtailed in late 1989. Starting in 1992, a treatment capability for stabilization of miscellaneous, Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) hazardous, plutonium-nitrate solutions was identified. This treatment was required to address potentially unsafe storage conditions for these liquids. The treatment would produce a TRU wasteform. It thus became necessary to restart the Bottlebox process, but under vastly different conditions and constraints than existed prior to its curtailment. This paper provides a description of the historical Bottlebox process and process controls; and then describes, in detail, all of the process and process control changes that were implemented to convert the treatment system such that a Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) and a Land Disposal Requirements (LDR) compliant wasteform would be produced. The rationale for imposition of LDRs on a TRU wasteform is discussed. In addition, this paper discusses the program changes implemented to meet modem criticality safety, Conduct of Operations, and Department of Energy Nuclear Facility restart requirements.

Dunn, R.P.; Wagner, R.A.

1997-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Plastic and viscous dissipations in foams: cross-over from low to high shear rates  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

by the thin dotted arrow. The geometry of the bubble walls at three points of the curve is shown as insets display elastic, plastic and viscous behaviours. Bubble deformation is elastic until the material plastically yields and bubbles swap neighbours, then bubbles relax dissipatively towards a new energy minimum

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

434

Modeling cyclic ratcheting based fatigue life of HSLA steels using crystal plasticity FEM simulations and experiments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Modeling cyclic ratcheting based fatigue life of HSLA steels using crystal plasticity FEM This paper develops a plastic ratcheting based fatigue failure model for HSLA steels from a combination. It predicts the nucleation of major cracks in the microstruc- ture in ratcheting. Subsequently, the total life

Ghosh, Somnath

435

A plane stress anisotropic plastic flow theory for orthotropic sheet metals  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

such as automotive aluminum sheets. As textured sheet metals produced by hot and cold rolling exhibit significant for describing the anisotropic plastic flow of ortho- tropic polycrystalline aluminum sheet metals under plane are applied successfully to describe the anisotropic plastic flow behavior of 10 commercial aluminum alloy

Tong, Wei

436

Geographic variation in phenotypic plasticity in response to dissolved oxygen in an African cichlid fish  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Geographic variation in phenotypic plasticity in response to dissolved oxygen in an African cichlid variation in a population over a number of generations to result in a population that is locally adapted and plastic variation in gill and brain size among swamp (low oxygen; hypoxic) and river (normal oxygen

Nuismer, Scott L.

437

Opportunities and Barriers in the Implementation of Energy Efficiency Measures in Plastic Manufacturing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The plastic industry in the U.S. employs approximately 9% [1] of the manufacturing work force and consumes approximately 6% [1] of the total energy used by the U.S. industries. According to the Department of Energy (DOE), manufacturers of plastic...

Kanunho, A; Yong, J. C.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

Triple-picket warm plastic-shell implosions on OMEGA P. B. Radha,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Triple-picket warm plastic-shell implosions on OMEGA P. B. Radha,1 C. Stoeckl,1 V. N. Goncharov,1 J-gas-filled plastic shells are imploded by direct irradiation from the OMEGA laser T. R. Boehly et al., Opt. Commun

439

Gone are the days of awkwardly angling your tall plastic water  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Gone are the days of awkwardly angling your tall plastic water bottle under the rushing arc of the number of plastic water bottles saved from landfills.As of Oct.31, the station in the RFC alone has with Facilities Planning and Management, retrofitted six standard drinking fountains with new EZH2O water bottle

Baskaran, Mark

440

Incineration of Residue from Paint Stripping Operations Using Plastic Media Blasting  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

i INCINERATION OF RESIDUE FROH PAINT STRIPPING OPERATIONS USING PLASTIC MEDIA BLASTING J. E. HELT N. MALLYA Group Leader Chemist Chemical Technology Division Chemical Technology Division Argonne National Laboratory Argonne National... Laboratory Argonne, Illinois Argonne, Illinois ABSTRACT A preliminary investigation has been performed on the environmental consequences of incinerating plastic-media-blasting (PHB) wastes from paint removal operations. PHB is similar to sandblasting...

Helt, J. E.; Mallya, N.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "miscellaneous plastic products" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Fractal Shear Bands at Elastic-Plastic Transitions in Random Mohr-Coulomb Materials  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fractal Shear Bands at Elastic-Plastic Transitions in Random Mohr-Coulomb Materials J. Li, A.M.ASCE1 ; and M. Ostoja-Starzewski, M.ASCE2 Abstract: This paper studies fractal patterns forming of plastic grains (i.e., a shear-band system) is always a monotonically growing fractal under increasing

Ostoja-Starzewski, Martin

442

Denoual, C., and Diani, J.M., 2002, ``Cavitation in Compressible Visco-Plastic Materials",  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Denoual, C., and Diani, J.M., 2002, ``Cavitation in Compressible Visco-Plastic Materials", Shock-498. CAVITATION IN COMPRESSIBLE VISCO­PLASTIC MATERIALS C. Denoual and J. M. Diani D´epartement de Physique Th materials in hydrostatic tension is a cavitation instabil- ity ¡£¢¥¤ , i.e., nucleation and coalescence

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

443

On the role of inhibition in cortical plasticity: a computational study \\Lambda Lubica Benuskov'a  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, experience, cortical plasticity, dynamic synaptic modification threshold, inhibition, non­specificity 1On the role of inhibition in cortical plasticity: a computational study \\Lambda Lubica BeŸnuŸskov'a Department of Computer Science and Engineering Slovak Technical University, 81219 Bratislava, Slovakia

Benuskova, Luba

444

SERVICEABILITY OF CONCRETE BEAMS PRESTRESSED BY CARBON FffiRE REINFORCED PLASTIC .RODS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SERVICEABILITY OF CONCRETE BEAMS PRESTRESSED BY CARBON FffiRE REINFORCED PLASTIC .RODS A of Manitoba to study the serviceability of concrete beams prestressed by carbon fibre reinforced plastic (CFRP) rods. The experimental program consisted of eight concrete beams prestressed by CFRP rods and two

445

Limits of isotropic plastic deformation of Bangkok clay  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A model assuming incremental plastic isotropic response has been recently proposed to model the deformation of isotropic packing of grains, in the small-strain range. It is used here on over-consolidated remould clay, to interpret the small-strain range behaviour obtained in [1,2] on Bangkok clay. The data published in [1,2] at constant volume are also used here to measure the size of the domain of validity in the (q/(M'p), p/po) plane, where po is the over-consolidation isotropic pressure, p is the mean stress and q the deviatoric stress, q . So, it is shown that the model works also for clay. This enlarges the application domain of model [3,4] to soft clay with OCR larger than 1.2 to 1.5. Pacs # : 45.70.-n ; 62.20.Fe ; 83.80.Fg, 83.80.Hj

P. Evesque

2005-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

446

Plasticity of a colloidal polycrystal under cyclic shear  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We use confocal microscopy and time-resolved light scattering to investigate plasticity in a col- loidal polycrystal, following the evolution of the network of grain boundaries as the sample is submitted to thousands of shear deformation cycles. The grain boundary motion is found to be ballistic, with a velocity distribution function exhibiting non-trivial power law tails. The shear- induced dynamics initially slow down, similarly to the aging of the spontaneous dynamics in glassy materials, but eventually reach a steady state. Surprisingly, the cross-over time between the ini- tial aging regime and the steady state decreases with increasing probed length scale, hinting at a hierarchical organization of the grain boundary dynamics.

Elisa Tamborini; Luca Cipelletti; Laurence Ramos

2014-08-27T23:59:59.000Z

447

Study of a model for reference-free plasticity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We investigate a Kac-type many particle model that allows a reference-free description of plastic deformation. In the framework of the model a solid body is described by a set of particle positions. A lattice is fitted to the particle configuration around each point on a mesoscopic scale. The lattice parameters are used as an argument of a non-linear elasticity energy functional. There are two main results in this paper. First, we prove an estimate for the difference between the fitted lattice parameters of points of low energy density that are sufficiently close to each other. Sequences of these points can be used for homotopy type arguments. In particular it is possible to identify dislocations as topological defects in this framework. Furthermore, we use the fitted lattice parameters as local Lagrangian coordinates and bound the energy from below with a functional of these coordinates.

Stephan Luckhaus; Jens Wohlgemuth

2014-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

448

Accurate direct Eulerian simulation of dynamic elastic-plastic flow  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The simulation of dynamic, large strain deformation is an important, difficult, and unsolved computational challenge. Existing Eulerian schemes for dynamic material response are plagued by unresolved issues. We present a new scheme for the first-order system of elasto-plasticity equations in the Eulerian frame. This system has an intrinsic constraint on the inverse deformation gradient. Standard Godunov schemes do not satisfy this constraint. The method of Flux Distributions (FD) was devised to discretely enforce such constraints for numerical schemes with cell-centered variables. We describe a Flux Distribution approach that enforces the inverse deformation gradient constraint. As this approach is new and novel, we do not yet have numerical results to validate our claims. This paper is the first installment of our program to develop this new method.

Kamm, James R [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Walter, John W [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Indentation size effect and the plastic compressibility of glass  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Oxide glasses exhibit significant densification under an applied isostatic pressure at the glass transition temperature. The glass compressibility is correlated with the chemical composition and atomic packing density, e.g., borate glasses with planar triangular BO{sub 3} units are more disposed for densification than silicate glasses with tetrahedral units. We here show that there is a direct relation between the plastic compressibility following hot isostatic compression and the extent of the indentation size effect (ISE), which is the decrease of hardness with indentation load exhibited by most materials. This could suggest that the ISE is correlated with indentation-induced shear bands, which should form in greater density when the glass network is more adaptable to volume changes through structural and topological rearrangements under an applied pressure.

Smedskjaer, Morten M., E-mail: mos@bio.aau.dk [Section of Chemistry, Aalborg University, 9000 Aalborg (Denmark)

2014-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

450

Neutron detection and multiplicity counting using a boron-loaded plastic scintillator/bismuth germanate phoswich detector array  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Neutron detection and multiplicity counting has been investigated using a boron-loaded plastic scintillator/bismuth germanate phoswich detector array. Boron-loaded plastic combines neutron moderation (H) and detection ({sup 10}B) at the molecular level, thereby physically coupling increasing detection efficiency and decreasing die-away time with detector volume. Both of these characteristics address a fundamental limitation of thermal-neutron multiplicity counters, where {sup 3}He proportional counters are embedded in a polyethylene matrix. Separation of the phoswich response into its plastic scintillator and bismuth germanate components was accomplished on a pulse-by-pulse basis using custom integrator and timing circuits. In addition, a custom time-tag module was used to provide a time for each detector event. Analysis of the combined energy and time event stream was performed by calibrating each detector`s response and filtering based on the presence of a simultaneous energy deposition corresponding to the {sup 10}B(n,alpha) reaction products in the plastic scintillator (93 keV{sub ee}) and the accompanying neutron-capture gamma ray in the bismuth germanate (478 keV). Time-correlation analysis was subsequently performed on the filtered event stream to obtain shift-register-type singles and doubles count rates. Proof-of-principle measurements were conducted with a variety of gamma-ray and neutron sources including {sup 137}Cs, {sup 54}Mn, AmLi, and {sup 252}Cf. Results of this study indicate that a neutron-capture probability of {approximately}10% and a die-away time of {approximately}10 {micro}s are possible with a 4-detector array with a detector volume of 1600 cm{sup 3}. Simulations were performed that indicate neutron-capture probabilities on the order of 50% and die-away times of less than 4 {micro}s are realistically achievable. While further study will be required for practical application of such a detection system, the results obtained in this investigation are encouraging and may lead to a new class of high-efficiency, short die-away time neutron multiplicity counters capable of extending current nondestructive assay methods for special nuclear materials.

Miller, M.C.

1998-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

Terahertz inline wall thickness monitoring system for plastic pipe extrusion  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Conventional and commercially available inline wall thickness monitoring systems for pipe extrusion are usually based on ultrasonic or x-ray technology. Disadvantages of ultrasonic systems are the usual need of water as a coupling media and the high damping in thick walled or foamed pipes. For x-ray systems special safety requirements have to be taken into account because of the ionizing radiation. The terahertz (THz) technology offers a novel approach to solve these problems. THz waves have many properties which are suitable for the non-destructive testing of plastics. The absorption of electrical isolators is typically very low and the radiation is non-ionizing in comparison to x-rays. Through the electromagnetic origin of the THz waves they can be used for contact free measurements. Foams show a much lower absorption in contrast to acoustic waves. The developed system uses THz pulses which are generated by stimulating photoconductive switches with femtosecond laser pulses. The time of flight of THz pulses can be determined with a resolution in the magnitude of several ten femtoseconds. Hence the thickness of an object like plastic pipes can be determined with a high accuracy by measuring the time delay between two reflections on materials interfaces e.g. at the pipe's inner and outer surface, similar to the ultrasonic technique. Knowing the refractive index of the sample the absolute layer thickness from the transit time difference can be calculated easily. This method in principle also allows the measurement of multilayer systems and the characterization of foamed pipes.

Hauck, J., E-mail: j.hauck@skz.de, E-mail: d.stich@skz.de, E-mail: p.heidemeyer@skz.de, E-mail: m.bastian@skz.de, E-mail: t.hochrein@skz.de; Stich, D., E-mail: j.hauck@skz.de, E-mail: d.stich@skz.de, E-mail: p.heidemeyer@skz.de, E-mail: m.bastian@skz.de, E-mail: t.hochrein@skz.de; Heidemeyer, P., E-mail: j.hauck@skz.de, E-mail: d.stich@skz.de, E-mail: p.heidemeyer@skz.de, E-mail: m.bastian@skz.de, E-mail: t.hochrein@skz.de; Bastian, M., E-mail: j.hauck@skz.de, E-mail: d.stich@skz.de, E-mail: p.heidemeyer@skz.de, E-mail: m.bastian@skz.de, E-mail: t.hochrein@skz.de; Hochrein, T., E-mail: j.hauck@skz.de, E-mail: d.stich@skz.de, E-mail: p.heidemeyer@skz.de, E-mail: m.bastian@skz.de, E-mail: t.hochrein@skz.de [SKZ - German Plastics Center, Wuerzburg (Germany)

2014-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

452

Coal plasticity at high heating rates and temperatures. Final technical progress report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Plastic coals are important feedstocks in coke manufacture, coal liquefaction, gasification, and combustion. During these processes, the thermoplastic behavior of these coals is also important since it may contribute to desirable or undesirable characteristics. For example, during liquefaction, the plastic behavior is desired since it leads to liquid-liquid reactions which are faster than solid-liquid reactions. During gasification, the elastic behavior is undesired since it leads to caking and agglomeration of coal particles which result in bed bogging in fixed or fluidized bed gasifiers. The plastic behavior of different coals was studied using a fast-response plastometer. A modified plastometer was used to measure the torque required to turn at constant angular speed a cone-shaped disk embedded in a thin layer of coal. The coal particles were packed between two metal plates which are heated electrically. Heating rates, final temperatures, pressures, and durations of experiment ranged from 200--800 K/s, 700--1300 K, vacuum-50 atm helium, and 0--40 s, respectively. The apparent viscosity of the molten coal was calculated from the measured torque using the governing equation of the cone-and-plate viscometer. Using a concentrated suspension model, the molten coal`s apparent viscosity was related to the quantity of the liquid metaplast present during pyrolysis. Seven coals from Argonne National Laboratory Premium Coal Sample Bank were studied. Five bituminous coals, from high-volatile to low-volatile bituminous, were found to have very good plastic behavior. Coal type strongly affects the magnitude and duration of plasticity. Hvb coals were most plastic. Mvb and lvb coals, though the maximum plasticity and plastic period were less. Low rank coals such as subbituminous and lignite did not exhibit any plasticity in the present studies. Coal plasticity is moderately well correlated with simple indices of coal type such as the elemental C,O, and H contents.

Gerjarusak, S.; Peters, W.A.; Howard, J.B.

1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

The need to design and construct roadways on highly plastic clays is common in central and eastern Texas, where expansive clays are prevalent. Roadways constructed on highly plastic clay subgrades may be damaged  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The need to design and construct roadways on highly plastic clays is common in central and eastern Texas, where expansive clays are prevalent. Roadways constructed on highly plastic clay subgrades may the infiltration of water into highly plastic clays under an increased gravity field in a centrifuge. Project

Zornberg, Jorge G.

454

Predictors of plasticity in bituminous coals. Technical progress report No. 3, June 1, 1982  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An additional 13 coals have been obtained, bringing the total to 37. Classical chemical and petrographic characterizations have been completed for most of the coals now in hand. The database for analytical pyrolysis/gas chromatography and for quantitative extraction (THF and DMF) has been more than doubled. The procedures for Fourier Transform infrared analysis have been further modified, making use of a new micropulverizer and drying system, and a procedure for the production of uniform and reproducible KBr pellets has been developed and is now in use. The first analytical isothermal plastometry (AIP) data have been obtained, on two highly plastic coals, and additional data are now being generated. Additional work will be carried out with the pyrolysis/GC system and the THF and DMF extraction work. With the progress made in FTIR spectra acquisition, it is expected to complete acquisition and storage of raw coal spectra and to commence application of techniques to provide differential spectrometric information. HPLC analysis of extracts now appears ready for standardization of procedure. Finally, with the data available, statistical analytical work will be initiated.

Lloyd, W.G.; Reasoner, J.W.; Hower, J.C.; Yates, L.P.; Bowling, C.C.; Jones, T.M.; Sturgeon, L.P.; Whitt, J.M.

1982-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Press Association 19 minutes ago Weaving threads of atoms into star-shapes could produce lighter, stronger plastics, according to scientists.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

produce lighter, stronger plastics, according to scientists. Researchers at the University of Edinburgh's plastics and polymers, could allow them to exercise greater control when designing materials. Using

Leigh, David A.

456

NUCLEARENGINEERINGAND DESIGN17 (1971) 64.-75. NORTH-HOLLANDPUBLISHINGCOMPANY PROGRESS IN THREE-DIMENSIONAL ELASTIC-PLASTIC STRESS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-DIMENSIONAL ELASTIC-PLASTIC STRESS ANALYSIS FOR FRACTURE MECHANICS * N. LEVY, P.V. MARCAL and J.R. RICE Division summarizesprogressin the development of finite element methods for three-dimensionalelastic- plastic stressanalysisin methods for three-dimensional elastic-plastic stress analysis in fracture mechanics, as a part

457

Plastic deformation of bunsenite (NiO) at temperatures below 1 050 C F. Guiberteau (*), A. Donminguez-Rodriguez  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

87 Plastic deformation of bunsenite (NiO) at temperatures below 1 050 °C F. Guiberteau (*), A much smaller than the one previously published [3, 5]. The plastic anisotropy is compared to other processes of deformation of materials. In the past, we have studied the plasticity of nickel oxide at high

Boyer, Edmond

458

PLASTIC FLOW AND STRUCTURAL MORPHOLOGY OF TWO PHASE MATERIALS BRETHEAU T., CALDEMAISON D., FEYLESSOUFI A., ZAOUI A.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

698 PLASTIC FLOW AND STRUCTURAL MORPHOLOGY OF TWO PHASE MATERIALS BRETHEAU T., CALDEMAISON D. 23 (1988) 698 AVRIL 1988,1 Up to now, the microheterogeneous material plastic modelling developped is the phase volume fraction which leads, at best, to upper and lower bounds for the overall plastic behaviour

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

459

Plastic behavior of face-centered-cubic metals over a wide range Nguyen Q. Chinh a,*, Tamas Csanadi a  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Plastic behavior of face-centered-cubic metals over a wide range of strain Nguyen Q. Chinh a Available online 16 June 2010 Abstract The plastic behavior of four pure face-centered-cubic (fcc) metals plastic deformation. It is shown that at high strains the saturation flow stress and the total dislocation

Gubicza, Jenõ

460

FRACTALS IN THERMO-ELASTO-PLASTIC MATERIALS (to appear in JoMMS J. Mech. Mater. Struct.)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FRACTALS IN THERMO-ELASTO-PLASTIC MATERIALS (to appear in JoMMS ­ J. Mech. Mater. Struct.) J. LI AND M. OSTOJA-STARZEWSKI Fractal patterns are observed in computer simulations of elastic-plastic transitions in linear, locally isotropic thermoelastic-hardening plastic heterogeneous materials. The models

Ostoja-Starzewski, Martin

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "miscellaneous plastic products" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Report No. PA 14 of 2008 Compliance to rules governing municipal solid, bio-medical and plastic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-medical and plastic waste Objective 5: Whether effective compliance to rules/laws regulating municipal solid waste, bio-medical waste and plastic waste was taking place in the state. The United Nations Conference of 2008 54 · The Recycled Plastics Manufacture and Usage Rules were notified in 1999 with an amendment

Columbia University

462

Plastic flow of frictionless grains near the jamming transition Claus Heussinger Pinaki Chaudhuri Jean-Louis Barrat  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Plastic flow of frictionless grains near the jamming transition Claus Heussinger Pinaki Chaudhuri. This flow behavior is called "plastic flow" as the mate- rial will not revert to its original shape when strain localization in the simulations that are presented here. Plastic flow is observed in a large

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

463

Plastic behavior of fcc metals over a wide range of strain: Macroscopic and microscopic descriptions and their relationship  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Plastic behavior of fcc metals over a wide range of strain: Macroscopic and microscopic The room temperature macroscopic and microscopic plastic behavior of four face-centered cubic metals (Al dislocations during plastic flow. It is shown that forest dislocations develop primarily due to interaction

Gubicza, Jenõ

464

Plastic deformation of a porous bcc metal containing nanometer sized C.J. Ruestes a,e,f,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Plastic deformation of a porous bcc metal containing nanometer sized voids C.J. Ruestes a,e,f, , E and quantify the evolution of plasticity in a por- ous Ta single crystal containing randomly placed voids in the dislocation loops. The temperature excursion during plastic deformation was used to estimate the mobile

Meyers, Marc A.

465

J. Non-Newtonian Fluid Mech. 142 (2007) 135142 Cessation of annular Poiseuille flows of Bingham plastics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

plastics Maria Chatziminaa, Christos Xenophontosa, Georgios C. Georgioua,, Ioannis Argyropaidasb, Evan plastics for various values of the diameter ratio, using the regularized constitutive equation proposed, 1984]. © 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. Keywords: Annular Poiseuille flow; Bingham plastic

Georgiou, Georgios

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

The role of plasticity in resource capture by plants J.P. GRIME* and J.M.L. MACKEY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The role of plasticity in resource capture by plants J.P. GRIME* and J.M.L. MACKEY Unit factors allow an ecologically important distinction to be made between morphological plasticity acclimation, defoliation, morphological plasticity, phylogeny, plant community structure, resource foraging

Novoplansky, Ariel

467

Off-fault plasticity and earthquake rupture dynamics: 1. Dry materials or neglect of fluid pressure changes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Off-fault plasticity and earthquake rupture dynamics: 1. Dry materials or neglect of fluid pressure an explicit dynamic finite element procedure. A Mohr-Coulomb type elastic-plastic description describes-fault plasticity during dynamic rupture. Those include the angle with the fault of the maximum compressive

468

Creep and plasticity of glacier ice: a material science perspective Paul DUVAL, Maurine MONTAGNAT, Fanny GRENNERAT, Jerome WEISS,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Creep and plasticity of glacier ice: a material science perspective Paul DUVAL, Maurine MONTAGNAT the plasticity of ice have been made during the past 60 years with the development of studies of the flow experimental investigations clearly show that the plastic deformation of the ice single crystal and polycrystal

Weiss, Jérôme

469

Compatibility Study for Plastic, Elastomeric, and Metallic Fueling Infrastructure Materials Exposed to Aggressive Formulations of Ethanol-blended Gasoline  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In 2008 Oak Ridge National Laboratory began a series of experiments to evaluate the compatibility of fueling infrastructure materials with intermediate levels of ethanol-blended gasoline. Initially, the focus was elastomers, metals, and sealants, and the test fuels were Fuel C, CE10a, CE17a and CE25a. The results of these studies were published in 2010. Follow-on studies were performed with an emphasis on plastic (thermoplastic and thermoset) materials used in underground storage and dispenser systems. These materials were exposed to test fuels of Fuel C and CE25a. Upon completion of this effort, it was felt that additional compatibility data with higher ethanol blends was needed and another round of experimentation was performed on elastomers, metals, and plastics with CE50a and CE85a test fuels. Compatibility of polymers typically relates to the solubility of the solid polymer with a solvent. It can also mean susceptibility to chemical attack, but the polymers and test fuels evaluated in this study are not considered to be chemically reactive with each other. Solubility in polymers is typically assessed by measuring the volume swell of the polymer exposed to the solvent of interest. Elastomers are a class of polymers that are predominantly used as seals, and most o-ring and seal manufacturers provide compatibility tables of their products with various solvents including ethanol, toluene, and isooctane, which are components of aggressive oxygenated gasoline as described by the Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) J1681. These tables include a ranking based on the level of volume swell in the elastomer associated with exposure to a particular solvent. Swell is usually accompanied by a decrease in hardness (softening) that also affects performance. For seal applications, shrinkage of the elastomer upon drying is also a critical parameter since a contraction of volume can conceivably enable leakage to occur. Shrinkage is also indicative of the removal of one or more components of the elastomers (by the solvent). This extraction of additives can negatively change the properties of the elastomer, leading to reduced performance and durability. For a seal application, some level of volume swell is acceptable, since the expansion will serve to maintain a seal. However, the acceptable level of swell is dependent on the particular application of the elastomer product. It is known that excessive swell can lead to unacceptable extrusion of the elastomer beyond the sealed interface, where it becomes susceptible to damage. Also, since high swell is indicative of high solubility, there is a heightened potential for fluid to seep through the seal and into the environment. Plastics, on the other hand, are used primarily in structural applications, such as solid components, including piping and fluid containment. Volume change, especially in a rigid system, will create internal stresses that may negatively affect performance. In order to better understand and predict the compatibility for a given polymer type and fuel composition, an analysis based on Hansen solubility theory was performed for each plastic and elastomer material. From this study, the solubility distance was calculated for each polymer material and test fuel combination. Using the calculated solubility distance, the ethanol concentration associated with peak swell and overall extent of swell can be predicted for each polymer. The bulk of the material discussion centers on the plastic materials, and their compatibility with Fuel C, CE25a, CE50a, and CE85a. The next section of this paper focuses on the elastomer compatibility with the higher ethanol concentrations with comparison to results obtained previously for the lower ethanol levels. The elastomers were identical to those used in the earlier study. Hansen solubility theory is also applied to the elastomers to provide added interpretation of the results. The final section summarizes the performance of the metal coupons.

Kass, Michael D [ORNL; Pawel, Steven J [ORNL; Theiss, Timothy J [ORNL; Janke, Christopher James [ORNL

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

Simultaneous combustion of waste plastics with coal for pulverized coal injection application  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A bench-scale study was conducted to investigate the effect of simultaneous cofiring of waste plastic with coal on the combustion behavior of coals for PCI (pulverized coal injection) application in a blast furnace. Two Australian coals, premixed with low- and high-density polyethylene, were combusted in a drop tube furnace at 1473 K under a range of combustion conditions. In all the tested conditions, most of the coal blends including up to 30% plastic indicated similar or marginally higher combustion efficiency compared to those of the constituent coals even though plastics were not completely combusted. In a size range up to 600 {mu}m, the combustion efficiency of coal and polyethylene blends was found be independent of the particle size of plastic used. Both linear low-density polyethylene (LLDPE) and high-density polyethylene (HDPE) are shown to display similar influence on the combustion efficiency of coal blends. The effect of plastic appeared to display greater improvement on the combustion efficiency of low volatile coal compared to that of a high volatile coal blend. The study further suggested that the effect of oxygen levels of the injected air in improving the combustion efficiency of a coal-plastic blend could be more effective under fuel rich conditions. The study demonstrates that waste plastic can be successfully coinjected with PCI without having any adverse effect on the combustion efficiency particularly under the tested conditions. 22 refs., 12 figs., 2 tabs.

Sushil Gupta; Veena Sahajwalla; Jacob Wood [University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW (Australia). Cooperative Research Centre for Coal in Sustainable Development, School of Materials Science and Engineering

2006-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

471

Structural-chemical modeling of transition of coals to the plastic state  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The structural-chemical simulation of the formation of plastic state during the thermal treatment (pyrolysis, coking) of coals is based on allowance for intermolecular interactions in the organic matter. The feasibility of transition of coals to the plastic state is determined by the ratio between the onset plastic state (softening) and runaway degradation temperatures, values that depend on the petrographic composition and the degree of metamorphism of coals and the distribution of structural and chemical characteristics of organic matter. 33 refs., 8 figs., 2 tabs.

A.M. Gyul'maliev; S.G. Gagarin [FGUP Institute for Fossil Fuels, Moscow (Russian Federation)

2007-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

472

From depinning transition to plastic yielding of amorphous media: A soft modes perspective  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A mesoscopic model of amorphous plasticity is discussed in the wider context of depinning models. After embedding in a d + 1 dimensional space, where the accumulated plastic strain lives along the additional dimension, the gradual plastic deformation of amorphous media can be regarded as the motion of an elastic manifold in a disordered landscape. While the associated depinning transition leads to scaling properties, the quadrupolar Eshelby interactions at play induce specific additional features like shear-banding and weak ergodicity breakdown. The latters are shown to be controlled by the existence of soft modes of the quadrupolar interaction, the consequence of which is discussed in the context of depinning.

Botond Tyukodi; Sylvain Patinet; Stéphane Roux; Damien Vandembroucq

2015-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

473

Sequential pyrolysis of plastic to recover polystyrene, HCl and terephthalic acid  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A process is described for pyrolyzing plastic waste feed streams containing polyvinyl chloride, polyethylene terephthalate, polystyrene and polyethylene to recover polystyrene, HCl and terephthalic acid comprising: heating the plastic waste feed stream to a first temperature; adding an acid or base catalyst on an oxide or carbonate support; heating the plastic waste feed stream to pyrolyze polyethylene terephthalate and polyvinyl chloride; separating terephthalic acid or HCl; heating to a second temperature to pyrolyze polystyrene; separating styrene; heating the waste feed stream to a third temperature to pyrolyze polyethylene; and separating hydrocarbons. 83 figs.

Evans, R.J.; Chum, H.L.

1995-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

474

Sequential pyrolysis of plastic to recover polystyrene HCL and terephthalic acid  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A process of pyrolyzing plastic waste feed streams containing polyvinyl chloride, polyethylene terephthalate, polystyrene and polyethylene to recover polystyrene HCl and terephthalic acid comprising: heating the plastic waste feed stream to a first temperature; adding an acid or base catalyst on an oxide or carbonate support; heating the plastic waste feed stream to pyrolyze polyethylene terephthalate and polyvinyl chloride; separating terephthalic acid or HCl; heating to a second temperature to pyrolyze polystyrene; separating styrene; heating the waste feed stream to a third temperature to pyrolyze polyethylene; and separating hydrocarbons.

Evans, Robert J. (Lakewood, CO); Chum, Helena L. (Arvada, CO)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

Microsoft Word - DOE-ID-INL-13-023.doc  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

amount of waste that may be generated could include uncontaminated garbage such as plastic water bottles or other miscellaneous waste. All waste would be disposed of in...

476

DOE/LX/07-0287&D1 Secondary Document DMSA C-337-42 Solid Waste...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

wire, drums of waste identified as asbestos containing material from asbestos abatement projects, and miscellaneous plastic, paper, metal, and rubber materials. The...

477

DOE Publishes Supplemental Proposed Determination for Miscellaneous...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

and to U.S. island territories. The power systems will draw on either wind or solar power with a diesel generator as a backup power source. By mid-2014, NREL intends to...

478

Paints and Painting Materials and Miscellaneous Analyses.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, or kettle, until the volatile constituents are, in great part, driven off. But on thin boards or timber the tar must not be applied too hot, as there would be danger of splitting. Crude cotton seed oil applied boiling hot to timber is also an excellent... cheaper paint might be used for inside work not subject to wear. Now as to OILS. Cotton seed oil is a semi-drying oil; and one of the main objects of this investigation was to make a test of the drying properties of this oil, crude or refined, and see...

Harrington, H. H.; Tilson, P. S.

1897-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

Rev. December 2012 SERIES 3: Miscellaneous  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and female lines of the Avery and Stephens families listed in the parish registers from Appleton and Torbryan and Margery Stephens, 2p. 1:2 "Outline of Reeder Genealogy." Photostat typed and handwritten draft, 15p. 1, Joy, 3p. Wedding invitation: Ruth Sigler and James Leighton Avery, 13 Aug 1936. Tom Tom. Central High

Veiga, Pedro Manuel Barbosa

480

Miscellaneous Dry Natural Gas Proved Reserves  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelines About U.S.30Natural Gas Glossary529 6330 04 19 15 15Thousand CubicYear46 4722 35 42 44

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "miscellaneous plastic products" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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481

DOE Publishes Supplemental Proposed Determination for Miscellaneous  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarly Career Scientists'Montana. DOCUMENTSof Energy DOEDOEAVAILABLE ONLINEfor

482

Miscellaneous - DOE Directives, Delegations, and Requirements  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: VegetationEquipment SurfacesResource Program PreliminaryA3,0 AlabamaYearEnergyMiraPEAK OIL DEBATE

483

Miscellaneous Forms | Y-12 National Security Complex  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: VegetationEquipment SurfacesResource Program PreliminaryA3,0 AlabamaYearEnergyMiraPEAK OIL

484

2011-2012 SECTION IV: Miscellaneous  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLasDelivered‰PNGExperience hands-onASTROPHYSICS H. I. Park, L. Chen, V. Horvat, N.

485

Shear band dynamics from a mesoscopic modeling of plasticity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The ubiquitous appearance of regions of localized deformation (shear bands) in different kinds of disordered materials under shear is studied in the context of a mesoscopic model of plasticity. The model may or may not include relaxational (aging) effects. In the absence of relaxational effects the model displays a monotonously increasing dependence of stress on strain-rate, and stationary shear bands do not occur. However, in start up experiments transient (although long lived) shear bands occur, that widen without bound in time. I investigate this transient effect in detail, reproducing and explaining a t^1/2 law for the thickness increase of the shear band that has been obtained in atomistic numerical simulations. Relaxation produces a negative sloped region in the stress vs. strain-rate curve that stabilizes the formation of shear bands of a well defined width, which is a function of strain-rate. Simulations at very low strain-rates reveal a non-trivial stick-slip dynamics of very thin shear bands that has relevance in the study of seismic phenomena. In addition, other non-stationary processes, such as stop-and-go, or strain-rate inversion situations display a phenomenology that matches very well the results of recent experimental studies.

E. A. Jagla

2010-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

486

Predictors of plasticity in bituminous coals. Final technical report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A group of 40 hvb coals, mostly from western Kentucky fields, has been examined with regard to ASTM Gieseler plastometric properties. Twenty-nine of these coals have also been studied over a range of temperatures by isothermal Gieseler plastometry. Raw Gieseler data provide melting and coking slopes and readily calculable fluidity spans. Maximum fluidity by slope intersection is a more consistent measure than observed maximum fluidity. Isothermal slopes and maximum fluidities follow Arrhenius temperature dependencies, with activation energies related systematically to fluid properties. These freshly sampled coals are also characterized by chemical, physical and petrographic criteria, by quantitative solvent extractions, by pyrolysis gas chromatography, by Fourier Transform infrared analysis of coals and extraction residues, by the HPLC analysis of coal extracts, and by optical microscopy of coals and Gieseler semi-coke residues. Multiple linear regression analysis yields three-term expressions which estimate maximum fluidities (both ASTM and isothermal) with R values of .90 to .92. Slopes and critical temperatures are similarly predictable. Plastometer experiments with selected coals under superatmospheric pressures show both melting slopes and maximum fluidities to be sharply increased, the latter by one to three orders of magnitude. Some suggestions are offered to accommodate this new information into the general body of knowledge concerning the phenomenon of plasticity in mid-ranked coals. 81 references, 28 figures, 40 tables.

Lloyd, W. G.; Reasoner, J. W.; Hower, J. C.; Yates, L. P.; Clark, C. P.; Davis, E.; Fitzpatrick, A.; Irefin, A.; Jiminez, A.; Jones, T. M.

1984-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

Refiners boost crude capacity; Petrochemical production up  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Continuing demand strength in refined products and petrochemical markets caused refiners to boost crude-charging capacity slightly again last year, and petrochemical producers to increase production worldwide. Product demand strength is, in large part, due to stable product prices resulting from a stabilization of crude oil prices. Crude prices strengthened somewhat in 1987. That, coupled with fierce product competition, unfortunately drove refining margins negative in many regions of the U.S. during the last half of 1987. But with continued strong demand for gasoline, and an increased demand for higher octane gasoline, margins could turn positive by 1989 and remain so for a few years. U.S. refiners also had to have facilities in place to meet the final requirements of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's lead phase-down rules on Jan. 1, 1988. In petrochemicals, plastics demand dept basic petrochemical plants at good utilization levels worldwide. U.S. production of basics such as ethylene and propylene showed solid increases. Many of the derivatives of the basic petrochemical products also showed good production gains. Increased petrochemical production and high plant utilization rates didn't spur plant construction projects, however. Worldwide petrochemical plant projects declined slightly from 1986 figures.

Corbett, R.A.

1988-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

488

In vivo visualization of CaMKII activity in ocular dominance plasticity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Alterations in sensory experience can persistently modify the responses of cortical neurons. Ocular dominance (OD) plasticity, a process in which alternation of visual input induces a shift in cortical responsiveness, is ...

Kwok, Show Ming

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

A non-linear elastic constitutive framework for replicating plastic deformation in solids.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Ductile metals and other materials typically deform plastically under large applied loads; a behavior most often modeled using plastic deformation constitutive models. However, it is possible to capture some of the key behaviors of plastic deformation using only the framework for nonlinear elastic mechanics. In this paper, we develop a phenomenological, hysteretic, nonlinear elastic constitutive model that captures many of the features expected of a plastic deformation model. This model is based on calculating a secant modulus directly from a material's stress-strain curve. Scalar stress and strain values are obtained in three dimensions by using the von Mises invariants. Hysteresis is incorporated by tracking an additional history variable and assuming an elastic unloading response. This model is demonstrated in both single- and multi-element simulations under varying strain conditions.

Roberts, Scott Alan; Schunk, Peter Randall

2014-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

Endochronic theory, non-linear kinematic hardening rule and generalized plasticity: a  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Armstrong and Frederick (1966), in its original form as well as in the modified versions recently proposed important step for its formulation was the idea, suggested by Eisenberg and Phillips (1971), of a plasticity

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

491

(The Elephant's Toothpaste Experiment) A clean 16 ounce plastic soda bottle  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(The Elephant's Toothpaste Experiment) A clean 16 ounce plastic soda bottle 1/2 cup 20-volume is sometimes called "Elephant's Toothpaste" because it looks like toothpaste coming out of a tube, but don

Benitez-Nelson, Claudia

492

Requirement for AMPA receptor endocytosis and long-term depression in ocular dominance plasticity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The classic example of experience-dependent cortical plasticity is the ocular dominance (OD) shift in visual cortex following monocular deprivation (MD). As in other mammals with binocular vision, MD in mice induces ...

Smith, Gordon Brawn

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

On Coating Durability of Polymer Coated Sheet Metal under Plastic Deformation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

process. Thus, the effect of plastic deformation on coating adhesion is of primary interest to many engineers and researchers. This research aims at developing a methodology to predict the adhesion of coating after metal forming processes. A pull...

Huang, Yu-Hsuan

2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

494

Measured Savings of DC to AC Drive Retrofit in Plastic Extrusion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper presents the potential electrical energy efficiency improvements for utilizing alternating current (AC) motors controlled by variable frequency drives (VFD) in place of direct current (DC) motors to drive plastic extrusion machines. A...

Sfeir, R. A.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

495

Sliding contact at plastically graded surfaces and applications to surface design  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Tailored gradation in elastic-plastic properties is known to offer avenues for suppressing surface damage during normal indentation and sliding contact. These graded materials have potential applications in diverse areas ...

Prasad, Anamika, 1979-

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

496

Comparison of generalized Hebbian rules for long-term synaptic plasticity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A large variety of synaptic plasticity rules have been used in models of excitatory synaptic plasticity (Brown et al., 1990). These rules are generalizations of the Hebbian rule and have some properties consistent with experimental data on long-term excitatory synaptic plasticity, but they also have some properties inconsistent with experimental data. For example, the BCM rule (Bear et al., 1987; Bienenstock et al., 1982) produces homosynaptic potentiation and depression, which has been observed experimentally (Artola et al., 1990; Dudek & Bear, 1992; Kirkwood et al., 1993; Fr'egnac et al., 1994; Yang & Faber, 1991). But the BCM rule is also inconsistent with some experimental results; e.g., the BCM rule cannot produce heterosynaptic depression (Abraham & Goddard, 1983; Lynch et al., 1977). In addition, long-term synaptic plasticity in inhibitory pathways has been emphasized in some models of cortical function (Marshall, 1990abc, 1995a; Sirosh et al., 1996), but experimental data on in...

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

Cortical Plasticity and Behavioral Recovery Following Focal Lesion to Primary Motor Cortex in Adult Rats  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and how to take advantage of neural plasticity to maximize the functional outcome. Rodent models are most often used not only for studying the role of motor cortex in motor skill learning but also in neurodegenerative research. To further elucidate...

Nishibe, Mariko

2012-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

498

A coupled theory for diffusion of hydrogen and large elastic-plastic deformations of metals  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A thermodynamically-consistent coupled-theory which accounts for diffusion of hydrogen, trapping of hydrogen, diffusion of heat, and large elastic-plastic deformations of metals is developed. Our theoretical framework ...

Di Leo, Claudio V

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

Plasticity in the Rapid Escape Reflex of the Annelid Worm, Lumbriculus variegatus  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Neural plasticity is the process by which anatomical (structural) and physiological (functional) changes in the nervous system of an organism lead to alterations in behavior. This dissertation examines the structural and functional changes...

Lybrand, Zane

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

500

DEVELOPMENT OF FUEL AND VALUE-ADDED CHEMICALS FROM PYROLYSIS OF WOOD/WASTE PLASTIC MIXTURE.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Highly oxygenated compounds in bio-oil produce negative properties that have hampered fuel development. Copyrolysis with plastics has increased hydrogen content in past research. Py-GC/MS analyses… (more)

Bhattacharya, Priyanka

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z