Minimum Entangling Power is Close to Its Maximum
Jianxin Chen; Zhengfeng Ji; David W Kribs; Bei Zeng
2012-10-04T23:59:59.000Z
Given a quantum gate $U$ acting on a bipartite quantum system, its maximum (average, minimum) entangling power is the maximum (average, minimum) entanglement generation with respect to certain entanglement measure when the inputs are restricted to be product states. In this paper, we mainly focus on the 'weakest' one, i.e., the minimum entangling power, among all these entangling powers. We show that, by choosing von Neumann entropy of reduced density operator or Schmidt rank as entanglement measure, even the 'weakest' entangling power is generically very close to its maximal possible entanglement generation. In other words, maximum, average and minimum entangling powers are generically close. We then study minimum entangling power with respect to other Lipschitiz-continuous entanglement measures and generalize our results to multipartite quantum systems. As a straightforward application, a random quantum gate will almost surely be an intrinsically fault-tolerant entangling device that will always transform every low-entangled state to near-maximally entangled state.
Tree-ring reconstruction of maximum and minimum temperatures
-width (RW) and maximum density (MXD) series from treeline sites across Interior British Columbia. Multi- ple at these temperature-limited sites may be more closely related to Tmax than Tmean or Tmin; (3) recently reported in the relationships between ring-width (RW), maxi- mum latewood density (MXD) and May-August Tmean were observed
Thirty-Year Solid Waste Generation Maximum and Minimum Forecast for SRS
Thomas, L.C.
1994-10-01T23:59:59.000Z
This report is the third phase (Phase III) of the Thirty-Year Solid Waste Generation Forecast for Facilities at the Savannah River Site (SRS). Phase I of the forecast, Thirty-Year Solid Waste Generation Forecast for Facilities at SRS, forecasts the yearly quantities of low-level waste (LLW), hazardous waste, mixed waste, and transuranic (TRU) wastes generated over the next 30 years by operations, decontamination and decommissioning and environmental restoration (ER) activities at the Savannah River Site. The Phase II report, Thirty-Year Solid Waste Generation Forecast by Treatability Group (U), provides a 30-year forecast by waste treatability group for operations, decontamination and decommissioning, and ER activities. In addition, a 30-year forecast by waste stream has been provided for operations in Appendix A of the Phase II report. The solid wastes stored or generated at SRS must be treated and disposed of in accordance with federal, state, and local laws and regulations. To evaluate, select, and justify the use of promising treatment technologies and to evaluate the potential impact to the environment, the generic waste categories described in the Phase I report were divided into smaller classifications with similar physical, chemical, and radiological characteristics. These smaller classifications, defined within the Phase II report as treatability groups, can then be used in the Waste Management Environmental Impact Statement process to evaluate treatment options. The waste generation forecasts in the Phase II report includes existing waste inventories. Existing waste inventories, which include waste streams from continuing operations and stored wastes from discontinued operations, were not included in the Phase I report. Maximum and minimum forecasts serve as upper and lower boundaries for waste generation. This report provides the maximum and minimum forecast by waste treatability group for operation, decontamination and decommissioning, and ER activities.
Zhou, Liming
Asymmetric response of maximum and minimum temperatures to soil emissivity change over the Northern in the Sahel could lead to reduced land surface emissivity and thus might have an asymmetric impact on daytime balance to changes in soil emissivity over the Sahel using the recently developed Community Land Model
OPTIMIZED FUEL INJECTOR DESIGN FOR MAXIMUM IN-FURNACE NOx REDUCTION AND MINIMUM UNBURNED CARBON
A.F. SAROFIM; BROWN UNIVERSITY. R.A. LISAUSKAS; D.B. RILEY, INC.; E.G. EDDINGS; J. BROUWER; J.P. KLEWICKI; K.A. DAVIS; M.J. BOCKELIE; M.P. HEAP; REACTION ENGINEERING INTERNATIONAL. D.W. PERSHING; UNIVERSITY OF UTAH. R.H. HURT
1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Reaction Engineering International (REI) has established a project team of experts to develop a technology for combustion systems which will minimize NO x emissions and minimize carbon in the fly ash. This much need technology will allow users to meet environmental compliance and produce a saleable by-product. This study is concerned with the NO x control technology of choice for pulverized coal fired boilers, ?in-furnace NO x control,? which includes: staged low-NO x burners, reburning, selective non-catalytic reduction (SNCR) and hybrid approaches (e.g., reburning with SNCR). The program has two primary objectives: 1) To improve the performance of ?in-furnace? NO x control processes. 2) To devise new, or improve existing, approaches for maximum ?in-furnace? NO x control and minimum unburned carbon. The program involves: 1) fundamental studies at laboratory- and bench-scale to define NO reduction mechanisms in flames and reburning jets; 2) laboratory experiments and computer modeling to improve our two-phase mixing predictive capability; 3) evaluation of commercial low-NO x burner fuel injectors to develop improved designs, and 4) demonstration of coal injectors for reburning and low-NO x burners at commercial scale. The specific objectives of the two-phase program are to: 1 Conduct research to better understand the interaction of heterogeneous chemistry and two phase mixing on NO reduction processes in pulverized coal combustion. 2 Improve our ability to predict combusting coal jets by verifying two phase mixing models under conditions that simulate the near field of low-NO x burners. 3 Determine the limits on NO control by in-furnace NO x control technologies as a function of furnace design and coal type. 5 Develop and demonstrate improved coal injector designs for commercial low-NO x burners and coal reburning systems. 6 Modify the char burnout model in REI?s coal combustion code to take account of recently obtained fundamental data on char reactivity during the late stages of burnout. This will improve our ability to predict carbon burnout with low-NO x firing systems.
Study of Cosmic-Ray Modulation during the Recent Unusual Minimum and Mini Maximum of Solar Cycle 24
Aslam, O P M
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
After a prolonged and deep solar minimum at the end of Cycle 23, the current Solar Cycle 24 is one of the lowest cycles. These two periods of deep minimum and mini maximum are separated by a period of increasing solar activity. We study the cosmic-ray intensity variation in relation with the solar activity, heliospheric plasma and field parameters, including the heliospheric current sheet, during these three periods (phases) of different activity level and nature: (a) a deep minimum, (b) an increasing activity period and (c) a mini maximum. We use neutron monitor data from stations located around the globe to study the rigidity dependence on modulation during the two extremes, i.e., minimum and maximum. We also study the time lag between the cosmic-ray intensity and various solar and interplanetary parameters separately during the three activity phases. We also analyze the role of various parameters, including the current sheet tilt, in modulating the cosmic-ray intensity during the three different phases. Th...
Maximum-rate, Minimum-Decoding-Complexity STBCs from Clifford Algebras
Karmakar, Sanjay
2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
It is well known that Space-Time Block Codes (STBCs) from orthogonal designs (ODs) are single-symbol decodable/symbol-by-symbol decodable (SSD) and are obtainable from unitary matrix representations of Clifford algebras. However, SSD codes are obtainable from designs that are not orthogonal also. Recently, two such classes of SSD codes have been studied: (i) Coordinate Interleaved Orthogonal Designs (CIODs) and (ii) Minimum-Decoding-Complexity (MDC) STBCs from Quasi-ODs (QODs). Codes from ODs, CIODs and MDC-QODs are mutually non-intersecting classes of codes. The class of CIODs have {\\it non-unitary weight matrices} when written as a Linear Dispersion Code (LDC) proposed by Hassibi and Hochwald, whereas several known SSD codes including CODs have {\\it unitary weight matrices}. In this paper, we obtain SSD codes with unitary weight matrices (that are not CODs) called Clifford Unitary Weight SSDs (CUW-SSDs) from matrix representations of Clifford algebras. A main result of this paper is the derivation of an ach...
Letschert, Virginie; Desroches, Louis-Benoit; McNeil, Michael; Saheb, Yamina
2010-05-03T23:59:59.000Z
The US Department of Energy (US DOE) has placed lighting and appliance standards at a very high priority of the U.S. energy policy. However, the maximum energy savings and CO2 emissions reduction achievable via minimum efficiency performance standards (MEPS) has not yet been fully characterized. The Bottom Up Energy Analysis System (BUENAS), first developed in 2007, is a global, generic, and modular tool designed to provide policy makers with estimates of potential impacts resulting from MEPS for a variety of products, at the international and/or regional level. Using the BUENAS framework, we estimated potential national energy savings and CO2 emissions mitigation in the US residential sector that would result from the most aggressive policy foreseeable: standards effective in 2014 set at the current maximum technology (Max Tech) available on the market. This represents the most likely characterization of what can be maximally achieved through MEPS in the US. The authors rely on the latest Technical Support Documents and Analytical Tools published by the U.S. Department of Energy as a source to determine appliance stock turnover and projected efficiency scenarios of what would occur in the absence of policy. In our analysis, national impacts are determined for the following end uses: lighting, television, refrigerator-freezers, central air conditioning, room air conditioning, residential furnaces, and water heating. The analyzed end uses cover approximately 65percent of site energy consumption in the residential sector (50percent of the electricity consumption and 80percent of the natural gas and LPG consumption). This paper uses this BUENAS methodology to calculate that energy savings from Max Tech for the U.S. residential sector products covered in this paper will reach an 18percent reduction in electricity demand compared to the base case and 11percent in Natural Gas and LPG consumption by 2030 The methodology results in reductions in CO2 emissions of a similar magnitude.
Mailhes, Corinne
#12;#12;Abstract We study the continuous extractive distillation of minimum and maximum boiling on operating parameters: distillate product purity and recovery, reflux ratio R and entrainer feed flow rate. For the 1.0-2 class both A and B can be distillated. For one of them there exists a maximum entrainer - feed
Maximum output at minimum cost
Firestone, Jeremy
(incl. Hub) Approx. 36 T Top head mass Approx. 106 T Number of blades 3 Length 44 m Airfoils DU (Delft terms in negotiations with insurance companies ®® Integration within the control system. Type 1 planetary stage / 2 parallel stages Ratio 1:100.5 (50 Hz) 1:120.5 (60 Hz) Cooling Oil pump with oil cooler
Maximum output at minimum cost
Firestone, Jeremy
of trends. SMP Predictive Maintenance System Predictive Maintenance System for the early detection planetary stage / 2 parallel stages Ratio 1:100.5 (50 Hz) 1:120.5 (60 Hz) Cooling Oil pump with oil cooler
Undergraduate study Annual tuition fees
Glasgow, University of
, Veterinary and Life Sciences programmes £17,250 MBChB, BDS and College of Medical, Veterinary and Life Sciences clinical programmes £31,250 Any exceptions to these fees appear on the following page. Students £910 110 credits £1,668 70 credits £1,062 119 credits** £1,805 *Minimum fundable credits by SAAS
Indifference fee rate for variable annuities Etienne CHEVALIER
Paris-Sud XI, UniversitÃ© de
Introduced in the 1970s in the United States (see [22]), variable annuities are equity-linked contractsIndifference fee rate for variable annuities Etienne CHEVALIER Thomas LIM Ricardo ROMO ROMERO method for indifference fees. We focus on the guaranteed minimum death benefits and the guaranteed
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousPlasma |Efficiency Â» SearchtoMission Energy Saver6CleanEnforcementDepartment of Energy1-0018-Fees The
Student services fee The student services fee is distributed
Amin, S. Massoud
to services covered by the fee (health plan excluded). Regents Scholarship recipients and Senior CitizenStudent services fee The student services fee is distributed among various student programs/tuition_and_fees/student_ser- vice_fees.html). If you are enrolled for 6 or more credits, you must pay a student services fee of $368
Dissertation Submission Fee Chart (Fees effective 29 August 2011)
Singh, Jaswinder Pal
Dissertation Submission Fee Chart (Fees effective 29 August 2011) The fees that students dissertation maintenance fee to the Mudd Manuscript Library. Fees submitted online in the UMI ETDCard or American Express*. The $15 dissertation maintenance fee is paid at the Mudd Manuscript Library
Fee Title: Renewable Energy Fee Measure #: Measure 44
California at Santa Cruz, University of
Fee Title: Renewable Energy Fee Measure #: Measure 44 Ballot Information Shall the undergraduates and graduate students of UCSC amend Measure 28, the Renewable Energy fee passed in Spring 2006 as follows: The amendment would allow funds to be used for on-site renewables and energy efficiency projects
Undergraduate study Annual tuition fees
Glasgow, University of
's fees for undergraduate study. All fees are in Â£ sterling and may be subject to revision. For more programmes*** Â£13,000 Science, Engineering, Nursing and College of Medical, Veterinary and Life Sciences
UNIVERSITY OF WINNIPEG 2012 -2013 Fee Information
Martin, Jeff
..............................................................................81.77 Fourth Year Practicum Block Fee............................................................................272.52 *Students in fourth year and fifth year are charged a practicum fee of $136.25 per block...........................................................5.40 Co-op Work Term Fee 399.96 Practicum Fee in Education Second Year Practicum Fee
West Virginia University 1 Tuition, Fees and Residency
Mohaghegh, Shahab
Policy · Special Fees, Library Fee, and Technology Fee · SREB Academic Common Market · Tuition and Fees students a residency classification for admission, fee, and tuition purposes. Students who are legal
Total Estimated Contract Cost: Contract Option Period: Maximum Fee
Office of Environmental Management (EM)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports to3,1,50022,3,,0,,6,1,Separation 23 362 of Thomas P.Oil,J.Strategic PlanningAncillary40OrderApril 2011of EnergyWesternDefinition
Office of Environmental Management (EM)
2 4. RESPONSIBILITIES 3 5. AWARD FEE AMOUNTS AND PERIODS 4 6. AWARD FEE PROCESS 5 7. TERMINATION FOR CONVENIENCE 8 8. TERMINATION FOR DEFAULT 8 9. FEE PLAN CHANGE PROCEDURE 8...
NONE
1995-08-03T23:59:59.000Z
During the first five years of its contract with the Department of Energy, Westinghouse Savannah River Company was paid over $130 million in fees to manage and operate the Savannah River Site. Fees paid to Westinghouse steadily increased over the five year period. For example, fees paid for the last six months of this five year period were over three times as large as fees paid for the first six months. The purpose of this inspection was to review the Department`s annual negotiation of total available fees with Westinghouse, and to examine the reasons for the growth in fees over this five year period. The review disclosed that, after Fiscal Year 1989, the Department used an increasing number of fee bases in calculating Westinghouse Savannah River Company`s fixed-fee-equivalents from the maximum fee schedules within the Department of Energy Acquisition Regulation. The authors found that the Department had significantly increased the percentage of the dollar value of subcontracts being placed in Westinghouse`s fee bases for fee calculation purposes. They found that the Department had effectively increased Westinghouse`s fixed-fee-equivalents by approximately $3 million in both Fiscal Year 1993 and 1994 to, in large part, fund an unallowable employee incentive compensation program. They found that Westinghouse`s total paid fees for the five year period increased significantly over what they would have been had the terms resulting from the original competitive negotiations been maintained. The authors recommended that the Deputy Assist Secretary for Procurement and Assistance Management require that changes in either the number or composition of fee bases used in calculating fees from the maximum fee schedules be submitted to the Department`s Procurement Executive for approval.
West Virginia University 1 Tuition, Fees and Residency
Mohaghegh, Shahab
Regulations · Special Fees, Library Fee, and Technology Fee · Laboratory Fees · Music Fees · Other Fees of adoption. Section 2: Classification for Admission and Fee Purposes 1. Students enrolling in a West Virginia classification, the issue is essentially one of domicile. In general, the domicile of a person is that person
"Maximum recycling of Material and Energy, Minimum of Landfilling"
Columbia University
Parliament Reduced waste flow 50% recycling of household waste (MSW), including organic waste, to 2010 35% recycling of food waste in household waste to 2010 #12;19 Law and Enforcement SWEDEN: Sorting regulations Producers responsibility Landfill ban on combustible waste 2002, ban on organic waste 2005 EU: Landfill
Table 10.1 Nonswitchable Minimum and Maximum Consumption, 2002
U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on GoogleTotal" (Percent) Type: Sulfur Content API Gravity Period: Monthly Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources1"Number of1 First.5 First
Timing and significance of maximum and minimum equatorial insolation
Gildor, Hezi
the equinoxes (solstices), alternating between the vernal and autumnal equinoxes (summer and winter solstices the equinoxes (solstices). We also show that when considering the mean insolation of periods larger than 1 d
TEXAS TECH UNIVERSITY Global Fee Document
Rock, Chris
1 TEXAS TECH UNIVERSITY Global Fee Document Effective Beginning Fall 2014 Semester Summary of Tuition, Fees, and Other Charges All tuition, fees, rentals, rates, and charges of Texas Tech University are charged and collected under specific authorization of the laws of the State of Texas, including
Amin, S. Massoud
Health Benefit Plan. Contact Boynton Health Services at 612-625-8400 for further information. ProgramsSTUDENT SERVICES FEE ASSESSMENT REQUEST DIRECTIONS To elect to pay the Student Services Fee, fill the Student Services Fee, you may elect to pay the fee to use or support the services covered by the fee. You
Queens College Student Technology Fee Plan A Summary of the Plans for Student Technology Fee
Johnson Jr.,, Ray
;Student Technology Fee Plan College: Queens College Recurring Cost: Instructional Resources MaintenanceQueens College Student Technology Fee Plan A Summary of the Plans for Student Technology Fee 2009-2010 Prepared by the Queens College Office of the Provost and Queens College Office of Converging Technologies
FISCAL YEAR 2014 AWARD FEE DETERMINATION SCORECARD Contractor...
Office of Environmental Management (EM)
project estimating. Performance Based Incentives Award Fee Performance Based Incentive Formula: 60% of total available fee (665,781 available). Base Performance Based Incentive...
Water pollution Control Permit Fee Schedules (West Virginia)
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
This rule establishes schedules of permit application fees and annual permit fees for state water pollution control permits and national pollutant discharge elimination system permits issued by the...
THE MINIMUM FREE ENERGY FOR CONTINUOUS SPECTRUM MATERIALS
Deseri, Luca
THE MINIMUM FREE ENERGY FOR CONTINUOUS SPECTRUM MATERIALS L. DESERI AND J.M. GOLDEN Abstract. A general closed expression is given for the isothermal minimum free energy of a linear viscoelastic states [6] are uniquely related to histories and the work function is the maximum free energy
Waller, Mark L.; Amosson, Stephen H.; Welch, Mark; Dhuyvetter, Kevin C.
2008-10-17T23:59:59.000Z
A minimum price contract is one of many tools a marketer may use to better manage price and production risk while trying to achieve financial goals and objectives. This publication discusses the advantages and disadvantages involved...
UNIVERSITY OF WINNIPEG 2010-2011 Fee Information
Martin, Jeff
..................................................................... 78.75 Fourth Year Practicum Block Fee............................................................262.50* *Students in fourth year and fifth year are charged a practicum fee of $131.25 per block. *Students taking ........................................................................................... 352.17 Practicum Fee in Education Second Year Practicum Fee
Waller, Mark L.; Amosson, Stephen H.; Welch, Mark; Dhuyvetter, Kevin C.
2008-10-17T23:59:59.000Z
, he can Mark Waller, Steve Amosson, Mark Welch, and Kevin Dhuyvetter* 2 lock in a floor price and still have upside poten- tial if the market rallies. Options-based marketing strategies, such as the minimum price contract, work well in times...
Nuclear Waste Fund fee adequacy: An assessment
NONE
1990-11-01T23:59:59.000Z
The purpose of this report is to present the Department of Energy`s (the Department) analysis of the adequacy of the 1.00 mill per kilowatt-hour (kWh) fee being paid by the utilities generating nuclear power for the permanent disposal of their spent nuclear fuel (SNF). In accordance with the Nuclear Waste Policy Act (NWPA), the SNF would be disposed of in a geologic repository to be developed by the Department. An annual analysis of the fee`s adequacy is required by the NWPA.
Maximum Parsimony and Maximum Likelihood Methods Comparisons and Bootstrap Tests
Qiu, Weigang
Maximum Parsimony and Maximum Likelihood Methods Comparisons and Bootstrap Tests Character Likelihood Methods Comparisons and Bootstrap Tests Character Reconstruction PHYLIP and T-REX Exercises Outline 1 Maximum Parsimony and Maximum Likelihood 2 Methods Comparisons and Bootstrap Tests 3 Character
Arbitration Costs and Contingent Fee Contracts
Drahozal, Christopher R.
2005-08-03T23:59:59.000Z
A common criticism of arbitration is that its upfront costs (arbitrators' fees and administrative costs) may preclude consumers and employees from asserting their claims. Some commentators have argued further that arbitration costs undercut...
Sacramento Ordinance to Waive Solar PV Fees
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
This is an ordinance by the city of Sacramento to suspend for the calendar years 2007-2009 all fees related to installation of photovoltaic systems on existing residences.
City of Asheville- Building Permit Fee Waiver
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
The City of Asheville waives fees for building permits and plan reviews for certain renewable energy technologies and green building certifications for homes and mixed-use commercial buildings....
Underground Injection Control Fee Schedule (West Virginia)
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
This rule establishes schedules of permit fees for state under?ground injection control permits issued by the Chief of the Office of Water Resources. This rule applies to any person who is...
Solid Waste Assessment Fee Exemptions (West Virginia)
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
A person who owns, operates, or leases an approved solid waste disposal facility is exempt from the payment of solid waste assessment fees, upon the receipt of a Certificate of Exemption from the...
Plant Diagnostic Clinic Services Offered & Fees
Plant Diagnostic Clinic Services Offered & Fees Make the Most of a Beneficial Facility Visual without notice. Location Jefferson County Plant Diagnostic Clinic 15200 West 6th Avenue, Unit C Golden, CO
Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports to3,1,50022,3,,0,,6,1,Separation 23Tribal Energy Program GrantStateAcceptance andThe HartfordFinal7 (07-97) Previous TableDOE 2011PRIME
A computerized student fee system for Texas A&M University
Wood, Lester Seth
1972-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
accounts for each student who has a scholarshi. p or contract. The fee summary card is used by the fee update program for recording the payment of fees or for revising a student's fee statement. ~0 eratin~ Procedures (l) Verify all fee rates contained... at A&ld which includes procedures for the collection and recording of student fee data, the calculation of student fees and t' he preparation of fee statements, the updating of student fees and the revision of fee statements, the distribution of fees...
Permit Fees for Hazardous Waste Material Management (Connecticut)
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
These regulations describe applicable fees for permit application, modification, and transfer for permits related to hazardous waste management.
DEVELOPMENT IMPACT FEE ADOPTION AND ITS EFFECTS IN TEXAS
Ambs, Jonathan G.
2010-01-20T23:59:59.000Z
The purpose of my thesis is to study what factors affect the adoption of impact fees in Texas and what effects impact fees have on city budgets. This research was done using two models. The first model looked at the adoption of impact fees...
DATA TRANSMISSION OPTIONS FOR VMT DATA AND FEE COLLECTION CENTERS
Bertini, Robert L.
DATA TRANSMISSION OPTIONS FOR VMT DATA AND FEE COLLECTION CENTERS by Robert L. Bertini Kerri-based fee collection centers, including the identification of issues related to data transmission, data entitled Institutional Options for VMT Data and Fee Collection Centers has examined issues related
university-logo Maximum likelihood
McCullagh, Peter
university-logo Maximum likelihood Applications and examples REML and residual likelihood Peter McCullagh REML #12;university-logo Maximum likelihood Applications and examples JAN: Some personal remarks... IC #12;university-logo Maximum likelihood Applications and examples Outline 1 Maximum likelihood REML
Avoided Gigawatts Through Utility Capital Recovery Fees
Frosenfeld, A. N.; Verdict, M. E.
1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
structure is possible through the use of capital recovery fees for new electric meter hookups similar to those commonly used for new water and wastewater hookups where the developer/owner is required to capitalize the marginal cost of new demand. By giving...
February 9, 2015 Technology Recharge Fee
Matrajt, Graciela
midpoints in the previous fiscal year-- August 15, November 15, February 15, and April 15 o Applied to the following fiscal year effective July 1 For the fiscal year 2016 Technology Recharge Fee: o Mid is provided by UW-IT's Enterprise Data & Analytics unit and distributed through UW Information Technology
MINIMUM SECURITY REQUIREMENTS FOR FEDERAL
March 2006 MINIMUM SECURITY REQUIREMENTS FOR FEDERAL INFORMATION AND INFORMATION SYSTEMS: FEDERAL INFORMATION PROCESSING STANDARD (FIPS) 200 APPROVED BY THE SECRETARY OF COMMERCE MINIMUM SECURITY REQUIREMENTS BY THE SECRETARY OF COMMERCE Shirley Radack, EditorShirley Radack, Editor Computer Security Division
Wealth Inequality in the “Land of the Fee”: A Conversation with Devin Fergus
Reid, Carolina
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Research Center. Wealth Inequality in the “Land of the Fee”Wealth Inequality in the “Land of the Fee”: A Conversationand Osoro 2013). Wealth Inequality in the “Land of the Fee”
Health Sciences Immunization Program 2015-16 Annual Health Fee Rate Proposal
for the Occupational Health Manager (OHM) database). We calculated the per-student base administrative fee by totaling), and other operating expenses (e.g., UW IT recharge fees, UW Exchange account fees, and software license
Minimum Stream Flow Standards (Connecticut)
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
These regulations apply to all dams and structures which impound or divert waters on rivers or their tributaries, with some exceptions. The regulations set standards for minimum flow (listed in the...
Total Estimated Contract Cost: Performance Period Total Fee Paid
(NA) EM Contractor Fee Site: Savannah River Site Office - Aiken, SC Contract Name: Salt Waste Processing Contract September 2014 0 Parsons Infrastructure and Technology Group...
Sacramento Ordinance to Waive Fees for Solar Hot Water
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
An ordinance suspending for the calendar years 2007-2009 all fees related to installations of solar water heaters on existing residences.
Howard, David Benjamin
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
lower paid) staff to maximize the income potential of theout in order to maximize fee income, but rather seek tobase that will maximize fee income. Furthermore, these
Hubbard, G. [Rocky Mountain Inst., Snowmass, CO (United States). Green Development Services; Eley, C. [Eley Associates, San Francisco, CA (United States)
1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z
Energy-efficient design in buildings today is too often the exception, rather than the rule. Building to code is not enough. That only means if the building was any worse, it would be illegal. The designers of exceptional buildings are showing that integrated design--architects, engineers, clients, and, ideally, contractors working closely together from the start--creates high performance buildings without additional capital cost, just increased design time. Agreement throughout the design profession shows that high performance buildings would be more prevalent if there were incentives to put the extra time into design integration. Rocky Mountain Institute (RMI) and Eley Associates are working to create Performance Based Fee contracts to demonstrate design incentive fees that can help architects, engineers, and building owners create extremely energy-efficient buildings. These fees will reward design professionals for what they save, not just for what they spend--thus aligning designers` interests with owners.
THE GRADUATE SCHOOL Graduate School Dissertation Processing Fees
Suzuki, Masatsugu
THE GRADUATE SCHOOL Graduate School Dissertation Processing Fees Name: B#: Department: Date: Principal Advisor: Determine the processing fees associated with your dissertation below: Dissemination total dollar amt. of all items) NOTE: If your dissertation is over 3" thick, it may be broken into two
Can the Trucking Industry Benefit From Distance-Based Fees?
Minnesota, University of
Can the Trucking Industry Benefit From Distance-Based Fees? Ferrol O. Robinson, Research Fellow to the trucking industry exceed the charges? #12;Study Assumptions Â· Distance-based pricing, VMT fees and MBUF(or no fuel) cause the same road damage as those that use more fuel Â· Heavy trucks cause more damage to roads
Summer Conference Participant Registration Fee: $200 Includes the following
Tullos, Desiree
Summer Conference Participant Registration Fee: $200 Includes the following: Lodging for Wednesday on Wednesday, Thursday, and Friday Brunch on Saturday Summer Conference T-shirt Class materials Congress Only only (although they are encouraged to attend the entire conference). This fee includes the following
Achieve maximum application availability and
Bernstein, Phil
Highlights Achieve maximum application availability and data protection using SQL Server AlwaysOn and other high availability features Reduce planned downtime significantly with SQL Server on Windows and management of high availability and disaster recovery using integrated tools Achieve maximum application
Achieving Minimum-Routing-Cost Maximum-Flows in Infrastructure Wireless Mesh Networks
Szymanski, Ted
of a collection of interconnected wireless mesh routers, represent a promising technology to deliver communication a wireless router and the end-users within a wireless cell is called end-user traffic. The delivery of traffic between the wireless routers in a multihop manner is called backhauling, and this traffic
"Table A52. Nonswitchable Minimum Requirements and Maximum Consumption"
U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onsource History View NewUS NationalStocks 2009 2010Electric Sales, Revenue, and1" " (Estimates7.8.1.2.
Title 43 CFR 3206.12 What are the Minimum and Maximum Lease Sizes? | Open
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onsource History View New PagessourceRavenandEconomiesEnergyTitle 29 Chapter 11 ManagementTitleThat Were Not Sold
Original article Restricted maximum likelihood
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
Original article Restricted maximum likelihood estimation of covariances in sparse linear models on the simplex algorithm of Nelder and Mead [40]. Kovac [29] made modifications that turned it into a stable
R Coronae Borealis Stars at Minimum Light -- UW Cen
N. Kameswara Rao; B. E. Reddy; D. L. Lambert
2004-09-09T23:59:59.000Z
Two high-resolution optical spectra of the R Coronae Borealis star UW Cen in decline are discussed. A spectrum from mid-1992 when the star had faded by three magnitudes shows just a few differences with the spectrum at maximum light. The ubiquitous sharp emission lines seen in R CrB at a similar drop below maximum light are absent. In contrast, a spectrum from mid-2002 when the star was five magnitudes below maximum light shows an array of sharp emission lines and a collection of broad emission lines. Comparisons are made with spectra of R CrB obtained during the deep 1995-1996 minimum. The many common features are discussed in terms of a torus-jet geometry.
GMTI radar minimum detectable velocity.
Richards, John Alfred
2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z
Minimum detectable velocity (MDV) is a fundamental consideration for the design, implementation, and exploitation of ground moving-target indication (GMTI) radar imaging modes. All single-phase-center air-to-ground radars are characterized by an MDV, or a minimum radial velocity below which motion of a discrete nonstationary target is indistinguishable from the relative motion between the platform and the ground. Targets with radial velocities less than MDV are typically overwhelmed by endoclutter ground returns, and are thus not generally detectable. Targets with radial velocities greater than MDV typically produce distinct returns falling outside of the endoclutter ground returns, and are thus generally discernible using straightforward detection algorithms. This document provides a straightforward derivation of MDV for an air-to-ground single-phase-center GMTI radar operating in an arbitrary geometry.
Maximum-Entropy Inference with a Programmable Annealer
Chancellor, Nicholas; Vinci, Walter; Aeppli, Gabriel; Warburton, Paul A
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Optimisation problems in science and engineering typically involve finding the ground state (i.e. the minimum energy configuration) of a cost function with respect to many variables. If the variables are corrupted by noise then this approach maximises the likelihood that the solution found is correct. An alternative approach is to make use of prior statistical information about the noise in conjunction with Bayes's theorem. The maximum entropy solution to the problem then takes the form of a Boltzmann distribution over the ground and excited states of the cost function. Here we use a programmable Josephson junction array for the information decoding problem which we simulate as a random Ising model in a field. We show experimentally that maximum entropy decoding at finite temperature can in certain cases give competitive and even slightly better bit-error-rates than the maximum likelihood approach at zero temperature, confirming that useful information can be extracted from the excited states of the annealing...
Ishida, Yuko
Course Materials Fees policy - http://manuals.ucdavis.edu/ppm/330/330-86.htm College MATERIALS FEES Course ANS 147 Dairy Processing & Marketing 55$ 6/30/2010 AVS 011 Introduction to Poultry and Planning 1 8/6/2009 CMF Effective Fall 2009 - Table for Web Site.xlsx #12;Course Materials Fees policy
Ishida, Yuko
Course Materials Fees policy - http://manuals.ucdavis.edu/ppm/330/330-86.htm College MATERIALS FEES Course Budget and Institutional Analysis 1 3/9/2012 CMSF Effective Fall 2011 MASTER FOR WEB SITE.xlsx #12;Course Materials Fees policy - http://manuals.ucdavis.edu/ppm/330/330-86.htm College
Ishida, Yuko
Course Materials Fees policy - http://manuals.ucdavis.edu/ppm/330/330-86.htm College/30/2013 ENT 158 Forensic Entomology 65$ 6/30/2013 2012-13 COURSE MATERIALS FEES Course Budget and Institutional Analysis 1 2/11/2013 CMSF 2012-13 MASTER for WEB SITE.xlsx #12;Course Materials Fees policy - http
Ishida, Yuko
Course Materials Fees policy - http://manuals.ucdavis.edu/ppm/330/330-86.htm College/30/2013 ENT 158 Forensic Entomology 55$ 6/30/2013 2010-11 COURSE MATERIALS FEES Course Budget and Institutional Analysis 1 2/2/2011 CMF Effective Summer-Fall 2010 MASTER FOR WEB SITE #12;Course Materials Fees
Original Valid Refugee Visa Complete Fees Quotation Form
Wagner, Stephan
Original Valid Refugee Visa Complete Fees Quotation Form Form to be completed by student (personal information) Faculty Staff Member to complete (Course Codes and Type of Registration i.e. Refugee). Form
Spent fuel management fee methodology and computer code user's manual.
Engel, R.L.; White, M.K.
1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The methodology and computer model described here were developed to analyze the cash flows for the federal government taking title to and managing spent nuclear fuel. The methodology has been used by the US Department of Energy (DOE) to estimate the spent fuel disposal fee that will provide full cost recovery. Although the methodology was designed to analyze interim storage followed by spent fuel disposal, it could be used to calculate a fee for reprocessing spent fuel and disposing of the waste. The methodology consists of two phases. The first phase estimates government expenditures for spent fuel management. The second phase determines the fees that will result in revenues such that the government attains full cost recovery assuming various revenue collection philosophies. These two phases are discussed in detail in subsequent sections of this report. Each of the two phases constitute a computer module, called SPADE (SPent fuel Analysis and Disposal Economics) and FEAN (FEe ANalysis), respectively.
Requirements for Using and Administering Cost-plus-award-fee...
Office of Environmental Management (EM)
Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR) required the following in using and administering a cost-plus-award-fee contract: 1. neither a firm-fixed-price nor a fixed-priced incentive...
City of Philadelphia- Streamlined Solar Permitting and Fee Reduction
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Photovoltaic systems of 10 kW or less installed on 1- or 2-family residential units are eligible for streamlined permitting and a fee reduction. PV projects can use a [http://www.phila.gov/green...
Energy Consumption of Minimum Energy Coding in
Johansson, Karl Henrik
Energy Consumption of Minimum Energy Coding in CDMA Wireless Sensor Networks Benigno Zurita Ares://www.ee.kth.se/control Abstract. A theoretical framework is proposed for accurate perfor- mance analysis of minimum energy coding energy consumption is analyzed for two coding schemes proposed in the literature: Minimum Energy coding
Total Estimated Contract Cost: Contract Option Period: Maximum...
Office of Environmental Management (EM)
Fee March 2015 Site: Portsmouth Paducah Project Office Contract Name: Operation of DUF6 Contractor: Babcock & Wilcox Conversion Services, LLC Contract Number:...
Fiscal Year 2007 Civilian Radioactive Waste Management Fee Adequacy Assessment Report
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
U.S. Department of Energy Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste Management Fee Adequacy Assessment Report is to present an analysis of the adequacy of the fee being paid by nuclear power utilities...
Boiler Maximum Achievable Control Technology (MACT) Technical...
Boiler Maximum Achievable Control Technology (MACT) Technical Assistance - Fact Sheet, April 2015 Boiler Maximum Achievable Control Technology (MACT) Technical Assistance - Fact...
Page 1 of 6 2014-15 Postgraduate Tuition Fees for School of Energy, Geoscience,
Painter, Kevin
Page 1 of 6 2014-15 Postgraduate Tuition Fees for School of Energy, Geoscience, Infrastructure a fee status enquiry form, which allows us to assess your fees. Taught programmes 2014-15, 2013,180 £12,900 £6,700 Sustainable Community Design MSc / PGDip £4,980 £2,690 £5,880 £3,180 £12,900 £6
Minimum Day Time Load Calculation and Screening
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
Distributed Generation Interconnection Collaborative (DGIC) "Minimum Day Time Load Calculation and Screening" Dora Nakafuji and Anthony Hong, Hawaiian Electric Co. Babak Enayati,...
Objects of maximum electromagnetic chirality
Fernandez-Corbaton, Ivan
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We introduce a definition of the electromagnetic chirality of an object and show that it has an upper bound. The upper bound is attained if and only if the object is transparent for fields of one handedness (helicity). Additionally, electromagnetic duality symmetry, i.e. helicity preservation upon scattering, turns out to be a necessary condition for reciprocal scatterers to attain the upper bound. We use these results to provide requirements for the design of such extremal scatterers. The requirements can be formulated as constraints on the polarizability tensors for dipolar scatterers or as material constitutive relations. We also outline two applications for objects of maximum electromagnetic chirality: A twofold resonantly enhanced and background free circular dichroism measurement setup, and angle independent helicity filtering glasses.
Minimum Time/Minimum Fuel Control of an Axisymmetric Rigid Body
Torres, Jonathan Farina
2014-05-19T23:59:59.000Z
Many times it is necessary to reorient an aerial vehicle during flight in a minimum time or minimum fuel fashion. This thesis will present a minimum time/fuel control solution to reorienting an axisymmetric rigid body using eigenaxis maneuvers. Any...
Fees and Exemptions for students enrolled in Laurea Magistrale
' and PhD students' Services Area Registrar's Office Service Last updated: 15 October 2013 #12;2 All1 Fees and Exemptions for students enrolled in Laurea Magistrale (equivalent to a Master of Science" The information contained in the Guides and provided through the online tools listed above is considered official
Fees and Exemptions for students enrolled in Laurea Magistrale
' and PhD students' Services Area Registrar's Office Service Last updated: 29 October 2013 #12;2 All1 Fees and Exemptions for students enrolled in Laurea Magistrale (equivalent to a Master of Science" The information contained in the Guides and provided through the online tools listed above is considered official
HsO Travel/Conference Fee Award Background
Wright, Dawn Jeannine
HsO Travel/Conference Fee Award Background: The main purpose of the Hatfield Students Organization to present their research findings at professional conferences related to their field of study. To support student participation in such conferences, HsO, has created an annual award of $250 to help finance
PLAN FOR USE OF THE STUDENT TECHNOLOGY FEE
Sun, Yi
PLAN FOR USE OF THE STUDENT TECHNOLOGY FEE 2005-2006 The City College of New York #12;Introduction In Fall 2001, the college established a Technology Task Force which included representatives from the administration, faculty, student body and technology support offices. This taskforce worked during Fall 2001
Affordability Annual Tuition and Fees while attending the
Almor, Amit
increases **Students should expect additional costs including but not limited to: airfare to and from Hong Kong, local transportation, local cell phone plan, mainland China visa, and required group travel. premium apartment) Tuition and Fees while attending the first summer language training at the Yale-China
Equity Evaluation of Vehicle Miles Traveled Fees in Texas
Larsen, Lisa Kay
2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z
to the infrastructure but the money needed to maintain and improve roadways is not being adequately generated. One proposed alternative to the gas tax is the creation of a vehicle miles traveled (VMT) fee; with equity being a crucial issue to consider. This research...
Equity Evaluation of Vehicle Miles Traveled Fees in Texas
Larsen, Lisa Kay
2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z
to the infrastructure but the money needed to maintain and improve roadways is not being adequately generated. One proposed alternative to the gas tax is the creation of a vehicle miles traveled (VMT) fee; with equity being a crucial issue to consider. This research...
Professional Veterinary Medicine (PVM) Base Tuition and Fees
number of credit hours. Actual total charges will vary with the number of credit hours taken. (2) Fourth-year semesters of the 4th year. (3) Fourth-year PVM students are charged the University Technology Fee charged to non-state supported PVM students is spread equally over the three semesters of the fourth year
Microbial oceanography of anoxic oxygen minimum zones
Ulloa, Osvaldo
Vast expanses of oxygen-deficient and nitrite-rich water define the major oxygen minimum zones (OMZs) of the global ocean. They support diverse microbial communities that influence the nitrogen economy of the oceans, ...
Minimum Energy Diagrams for Multieffect Distillation Arrangements
Skogestad, Sigurd
Minimum Energy Diagrams for Multieffect Distillation Arrangements Hilde K. Engelien and Sigurd distillation arrangements for separating a ternary mixture have been considered. The focus is on a heat-integrated complex distillation configuration, called a multieffect prefractionator arrangement. The comparison
Diggle, Peter J.
,500 £19,500 Business Administration MBA £26,000 £26,000 N/A N/A Business Management with Energy and Fuels for your tuition, which covers the costs associated with teaching, examinations, assessment and graduation fee is for the cost of the programme, not the fee per annum. How does Lancaster set overseas tuition
Office of Inspector General audit report on Westinghouse Savannah River Company`s withdrawal of fees
NONE
1999-04-01T23:59:59.000Z
As the operator of the Department`s Savannah River Site, Westinghouse Savannah River Company (Westinghouse) receives three types of fees: (1) award fees commensurate with the overall performance rating, (2) Performance Based Incentive (PBI) fees for achieving measurable goals or defined tasks as specified in annual operating plans, and (3) Cost Reduction Incentive Program (CRIP) fees for making improvements in site operations that reduce total contract costs. The Department`s Contracting Officer notifies Westinghouse when fees are earned, and Westinghouse withdraws the authorized amounts from the Department`s letter-of-credit account. The audit objective was to determine whether Westinghouse withdrew the appropriate amount of fees from the letter-of-credit account in Fiscal Years (FY) 1997 an 1998.
Reduction in maximum time uncertainty of paired time signals
Theodosiou, George E. (West Chicago, IL); Dawson, John W. (Clarendon Hills, IL)
1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Reduction in the maximum time uncertainty (t.sub.max -t.sub.min) of a series of paired time signals t.sub.1 and t.sub.2 varying between two input terminals and representative of a series of single events where t.sub.1 .ltoreq.t.sub.2 and t.sub.1 +t.sub.2 equals a constant, is carried out with a circuit utilizing a combination of OR and AND gates as signal selecting means and one or more time delays to increase the minimum value (t.sub.min) of the first signal t.sub.1 closer to t.sub.max and thereby reduce the difference. The circuit may utilize a plurality of stages to reduce the uncertainty by factors of 20-800.
Reduction in maximum time uncertainty of paired time signals
Theodosiou, G.E.; Dawson, J.W.
1983-10-04T23:59:59.000Z
Reduction in the maximum time uncertainty (t[sub max]--t[sub min]) of a series of paired time signals t[sub 1] and t[sub 2] varying between two input terminals and representative of a series of single events where t[sub 1][<=]t[sub 2] and t[sub 1]+t[sub 2] equals a constant, is carried out with a circuit utilizing a combination of OR and AND gates as signal selecting means and one or more time delays to increase the minimum value (t[sub min]) of the first signal t[sub 1] closer to t[sub max] and thereby reduce the difference. The circuit may utilize a plurality of stages to reduce the uncertainty by factors of 20--800. 6 figs.
Reduction in maximum time uncertainty of paired time signals
Theodosiou, G.E.; Dawson, J.W.
1981-02-11T23:59:59.000Z
Reduction in the maximum time uncertainty (t/sub max/ - t/sub min/) of a series of paired time signals t/sub 1/ and t/sub 2/ varying between two input terminals and representative of a series of single events where t/sub 1/ less than or equal to t/sub 2/ and t/sub 1/ + t/sub 2/ equals a constant, is carried out with a circuit utilizing a combination of OR and AND gates as signal selecting means and one or more time delays to increase the minimum value (t/sub min/) of the first signal t/sub 1/ closer to t/sub max/ and thereby reduce the difference. The circuit may utilize a plurality of stages to reduce the uncertainty by factors of 20 to 800.
Rules and Regulations Governing the Establishment of Various Fees (Rhode Island)
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
These regulations describe the fees associated with several Department of Environmental Management regulatory programs, including programs pertaining to pollutant and wastewater discharge,...
Optimization Online - Efficient Heuristic Algorithms for Maximum ...
T. G. J. Myklebust
2012-11-19T23:59:59.000Z
Nov 19, 2012 ... Efficient Heuristic Algorithms for Maximum Utility Product Pricing Problems. T. G. J. Myklebust(tmyklebu ***at*** csclub.uwaterloo.ca)
ITP Steel: Theoretical Minimum Energies to Produce Steel for...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
Theoretical Minimum Energies to Produce Steel for Selected Conditions, March 2000 ITP Steel: Theoretical Minimum Energies to Produce Steel for Selected Conditions, March 2000...
Wapstra, Erik
Alcohol, Tobacco and Other Drugs Minimum Standard Alcohol, Tobacco and Other Drugs Minimum Standard (April 2015) Page 1 Alcohol, Tobacco and Other Drugs Minimum Standard April 2015 Contents 1 Executive .............................................................................................................. 2 4.3 Illicit drugs
MAXIMUM ENTROPY APPROACH TO OPTIMAL SENSOR PLACEMENT
Kreinovich, Vladik
MAXIMUM ENTROPY APPROACH TO OPTIMAL SENSOR PLACEMENT FOR AEROSPACE NON-DESTRUCTIVE TESTING R discussed for space struc- tures. Key words: Non-destructive testing, maximum entropy, aerospace structures not have a sufficient number of them, so additional sensors must be placed to test the structural integrity
Bayesian and Maximum Likelihood Neural Networks
Nielsen, Finn Ã?rup
Bayesian and Maximum Likelihood Neural Networks Finn A ffi rup Nielsen Section for Digital Signal, 1998 OVERVIEW ffl Artificial neural networks ffl Maximum likelihood, MAP, MPL neural networks ffl Bayesian neural networks -- MCMC Bayesian neural networks \\Lambda Hybrid Monte Carlo ffl lyngby matlab
Time Crystals from Minimum Time Uncertainty
Mir Faizal; Mohammed M. Khalil; Saurya Das
2014-12-29T23:59:59.000Z
Motivated by the Generalized Uncertainty Principle, covariance, and a minimum measurable time, we propose a deformation of the Heisenberg algebra, and show that this leads to corrections to all quantum mechanical systems. We also demonstrate that such a deformation implies a discrete spectrum for time. In other words, time behaves like a crystal.
Minimum Energy Accumulative Routing in Wireless Networks
Sundaram, Ravi
Minimum Energy Accumulative Routing in Wireless Networks Jiangzhuo Chen, Lujun Jia, Xin Liu to address the energy efficient routing problem in multi-hop wireless networks with accumulative relay. In the accumulative relay model, partially overheard signals of previous transmis- sions for the same packet are used
Minimum-Flip Supertrees: Complexity and Algorithms
Sanderson, Michael J.
Minimum-Flip Supertrees: Complexity and Algorithms Duhong Chen, Oliver Eulenstein, David Ferna that it is fixed-parameter tractable and give approximation algorithms for special cases. Index Terms assembled from all species in the study. Because the conventional algorithms to solve these problems
Achieving 360 Angle Coverage with Minimum
Tam, Vincent W. L.
, and the sensors surrounding it are responsible for capturing the images of it. We aim at finding the minimum cost monitoring, target tracking, disaster management, etc [1], [2]. Each sensor is powered by battery which moving around the network and the nodes around the object are responsible to capture the images of it
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
1974-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
during geomagnetic storms, when the in¯uence of the ring current is dominant. The correlation of ap ´ Dst of AL and AU is called AE. Introduced in 1964, the ring-current index Dst measures primarily the ring-current-hourly average values of the Dst, AE and ap geomagnetic activity indices have been studied for 1 year's duration
Letschert, Virginie
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Efficiency & Renewable Energy, Central Air ConditionerEnergy Efficiency & Renewable Energy, Furnaces and BoilersEnergy Efficiency & Renewable Energy, Refrigerators,
Letschert, Virginie
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Energy Consumption Survey (RECS) 2005 (EIA, 2009), whichEIA-0383(2010)) Energy Information Administration, Residential Energy Consumption Survey:
Letschert, Virginie
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Administration, Annual Energy Outlook 2010 with Projectionsis taken from the annual energy outlook (AEO) 2010 (DOE/EIA-
Letschert, Virginie
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
air conditioners, water heaters and furnaces) are modeledair conditioners, water heaters and furnaces) UnregulatedBAT option for electric water heater and condensing water
For information on current fee levels, see: www.strath.ac.uk/registry/students/finance
Mottram, Nigel
Fees For information on current fee levels, see: www.strath.ac.uk/registry/students/finance How Enquiries can be made to either of the following in the Department of Accounting & Finance: Professor Dick Davies Course Director, Investment & Finance t: +44 (0)141 548 3710 e: jr.davies@strath.ac.uk Barbara
University of South Carolina Proviso 117.79 -Fees and Fines
#12;University of South Carolina Proviso 117.79 - Fees and Fines Authority The University of South Carolina derives its authority to assess various fees and fines in accordance with the South Carolina Code-15 Appropriations Act. Title 34, Chapter 11 of the South Carolina Code of Laws authorizes a fine for returned checks
Tuition and Fees (for those who enter in April, 2015) Master's Program Unit (Yen)
Kasahara, Hironori
and Engineering Pure and Applied Physics 778,250 2,500 780,750 Chemistry and Biochemistry 783,250 2,500 785 Department Tuition and Fee handling fee totalRemittance Fundamental Science and Engineering Pure and Applied,500 2,500 740,000 Computer Science and Communications Engineering 737,500 2,500 740,000 Intermedia
a checking/savings account or from a credit card (a convenience fee applies for all credit card transactions that they save this under their favorites. The link is also located on the CSM Accounts
Alaska Division of Water Permit Fees | Open Energy Information
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousPlasmaP a gHigh4-FD-a < RAPIDâ€ŽcommunicationAdvancedDecemberAlaska Division of Water Permit Fees Jump to:
Total Estimated Contract Cost: Performance Period Total Fee Paid
Office of Environmental Management (EM)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports to3,1,50022,3,,0,,6,1,Separation 23 362 of Thomas P.Oil,J.Strategic PlanningAncillary40OrderApril 2011ofFee Available (N/A) Total
Contractor Fee Payments - Carlsbad Field Office | Department of Energy
Office of Environmental Management (EM)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports to3,1,50022,3,,0,,6,1,Separation 23 362 334 318CubicCommercial MarketsQualityCarlsbad Field Office Contractor Fee Payments - Carlsbad
Contractor Fee Payments - Idaho Operations Office | Department of Energy
Office of Environmental Management (EM)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports to3,1,50022,3,,0,,6,1,Separation 23 362 334 318CubicCommercial MarketsQualityCarlsbad Field Office Contractor Fee Payments -
Contractor Fee Payments - Oak Ridge Operations | Department of Energy
Office of Environmental Management (EM)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports to3,1,50022,3,,0,,6,1,Separation 23 362 334 318CubicCommercial MarketsQualityCarlsbad Field Office Contractor Fee Payments -Oak Ridge
Contractor Fee Payments - Small Sites | Department of Energy
Office of Environmental Management (EM)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports to3,1,50022,3,,0,,6,1,Separation 23 362 334 318CubicCommercial MarketsQualityCarlsbad Field Office Contractor Fee PaymentsSavannah
Minimum and terminal velocities in projectile motion
E. N. Miranda; S. Nikolskaya; R. Riba
2012-08-13T23:59:59.000Z
The motion of a projectile with horizontal initial velocity V0, moving under the action of the gravitational field and a drag force is studied analytically. As it is well known, the projectile reaches a terminal velocity Vterm. There is a curious result concerning the minimum speed Vmin; it turns out that the minimum velocity is lower than the terminal one if V0 > Vterm and is lower than the initial one if V0 < Vterm. These results show that the velocity is not a monotonous function. If the initial speed is not horizontal, there is an angle range where the velocity shows the same behavior mentioned previously. Out of that range, the volocity is a monotonous function. These results come out from numerical simulations.
PETM: Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum
Kammer, Thomas
of 18O/16O, relative to a standard. Typically measured in CaCO3. Background ratio is 1:500. · 13C means carbon compound, including CaCO3. Background ratio is 1:99. #12;Stable Isotope Basics · 18O =billion metric tons Minimum released to dissolve CaCO3 in oceans Best estimate of CIE, -4.6%o The amount
Advance disposal fees and recycling: Partners or foes?
Woods, R.
1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z
A political trend of shifting government responsibilities from the federal to the state and local level is beginning to take hold in many municipalities this year. Evidence of this shift recently was codified by the passage of Congress`s unfunded mandates bills, which require a panel review of any federal government mandates that create a cost burden of at least $50 million on state and local government. Expecting to be freed from the yoke of the most costly unfunded federal laws, many states are taking a second look at their expensive recycling laws and considering reassessment of how funding mechanisms are structured. This search for ways to raise revenue has renewed the continuing debate over advance disposal fees (ADFs), which are included in the cost of a product to pay for its ultimate disposal or reuse. These ADFs have been used for several years in a majority of US states to help handle scrap tire disposal. Due to concern over fire hazards posed by the nation`s growing scrap tire piles, several states have implemented a $1--$2 fee on each tire to help pay for disposal, most of which have been reasonably successful.
Ion composition of the topside equatorial ionosphere during solar minimum
Gonzalez, S.A.; Fejer, B.G. (Utah State Univ., Logan (United States)); Heelis, R.A.; Hanson, W.B. (Univ. of Texas, Richardson (United States))
1992-04-01T23:59:59.000Z
The authors have used observations from both the Bennett ion mass spectrometer and the retarding potential analyzer on board the Atmosphere Explorer E satellite to study the longitudinally averaged O{sup +}, H{sup +}, and He{sup +} concentrations from 150 to 1,100 km in the equatorial ionosphere during the 1975-1976 solar minimum. The results suggest that the ion mass spectrometer measurements need to be increased by a factor of 2.15 to agree with the densities from the retarding potential analyzer and with ground-based measurements. The peak H{sup +} concentrations are about 2.5 {times} 10{sup 4} cm{sup {minus}3} during the day and 10{sup 4} cm{sup {minus}3} at night and vary little with season. The O{sup +}/H{sup +} transition altitude lies between 750 and 825 km during the day and between 550 and 600 km at night. He{sup +} is a minor species at all altitudes; its concentration is highly variable with a maximum value of about 10{sup 3} cm{sup {minus}3} during equinox daytime.
Integrating Correlated Bayesian Networks Using Maximum Entropy
Jarman, Kenneth D.; Whitney, Paul D.
2011-08-30T23:59:59.000Z
We consider the problem of generating a joint distribution for a pair of Bayesian networks that preserves the multivariate marginal distribution of each network and satisfies prescribed correlation between pairs of nodes taken from both networks. We derive the maximum entropy distribution for any pair of multivariate random vectors and prescribed correlations and demonstrate numerical results for an example integration of Bayesian networks.
Maximum Likelihood Haplotyping for General Pedigrees
Friedman, Nir
networks. The use of Bayesian networks enables efficient maximum likelihood haplotyping for more complex for the variables of the Bayesian network. The presented optimization algorithm also improves likelihood Analysis, Pedigree, superlink. Abstract Haplotype data is valuable in mapping disease-susceptibility genes
Partitioned algorithms for maximum likelihood and
Smyth, Gordon K.
Partitioned algorithms for maximum likelihood and other nonlinear estimation Gordon K. Smyth There are a variety of methods in the literature which seek to make iterative estimation algorithms more manageable by breaking the iterations into a greater number of simpler or faster steps. Those algorithms which deal
Minimum Cost Data Aggregation with Localized Processing for Statistical Inference
Anandkumar, Animashree
Minimum Cost Data Aggregation with Localized Processing for Statistical Inference Animashree--The problem of minimum cost in-network fusion of measurements, collected from distributed sensors via multihop, which implies that any Steiner- tree approximation can be employed for minimum cost fusion with the same
Communication: Minimum in the thermal conductivity of supercooled water: A computer simulation study
Bresme, F., E-mail: f.bresme@imperial.ac.uk [Chemical Physics Section, Department of Chemistry, Imperial College, London SW7 2AZ, United Kingdom and Department of Chemistry, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim 7491 (Norway); Biddle, J. W.; Sengers, J. V.; Anisimov, M. A. [Institute for Physical Science and Technology, and Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland 20742 (United States)] [Institute for Physical Science and Technology, and Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland 20742 (United States)
2014-04-28T23:59:59.000Z
We report the results of a computer simulation study of the thermodynamic properties and the thermal conductivity of supercooled water as a function of pressure and temperature using the TIP4P-2005 water model. The thermodynamic properties can be represented by a two-structure equation of state consistent with the presence of a liquid-liquid critical point in the supercooled region. Our simulations confirm the presence of a minimum in the thermal conductivity, not only at atmospheric pressure, as previously found for the TIP5P water model, but also at elevated pressures. This anomalous behavior of the thermal conductivity of supercooled water appears to be related to the maximum of the isothermal compressibility or the minimum of the speed of sound. However, the magnitudes of the simulated thermal conductivities are sensitive to the water model adopted and appear to be significantly larger than the experimental thermal conductivities of real water at low temperatures.
Charge-Balanced Minimum-Power Controls for Spiking Neuron Oscillators
Dasanayake, Isuru
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper, we study the optimal control of phase models for spiking neuron oscillators. We focus on the design of minimum-power current stimuli that elicit spikes in neurons at desired times. We furthermore take the charge-balanced constraint into account because in practice undesirable side effects may occur due to the accumulation of electric charge resulting from external stimuli. Charge-balanced minimum-power controls are derived for a general phase model using the maximum principle, where the cases with unbounded and bounded control amplitude are examined. The latter is of practical importance since phase models are more accurate for weak forcing. The developed optimal control strategies are then applied to both mathematically ideal and experimentally observed phase models to demonstrate their applicability, including the phase model for the widely studied Hodgkin-Huxley equations.
, AND MAXIMUM ECONOMIC YIELD IN THE SHRIMP FISHERY OF THE GULF OF MEXICO BY JAMES NANCE, WALTER KEITHLY, JR YIELD, AND MAXIMUM ECONOMIC YIELD IN THE SHRIMP FISHERY OF THE GULF OF MEXICO BY JAMES NANCE, WALTER in the shrimp fishery of the Gulf of Mexico. NOAA Technical Memorandum NMFS-SEFSC-570, 71P. Copies may
City of Santa Monica- Building Permit Fee Waiver for Solar Projects
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
In early 2002, the City of Santa Monica began waiving building permit fees for solar energy systems. In December 2008, after months of working with industry trainers, solar contractors and staff...
P a g e | 1 PLAN FOR USE OF TECHNOLOGY FEE
Sun, Yi
P a g e | 1 PLAN FOR USE OF TECHNOLOGY FEE 2012-2013 Office of the Provost and VP for Finance....................................................................................................... 7 1. CUNY University Technology Initiatives (CUNY-UTI) Projects ........................................................................................ 8 3. Department of Information Technology & Systems
Local Option- Building Permit Fee Waivers for Renewable Energy Projects (Connecticut)
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
As of July 2011, Connecticut authorizes municipalities to pass a local ordinance to exempt "Class I" renewable energy projects from paying building permit fees. Class I renewable energy projects...
GC Commits to Transparency on Nuclear Waste Fund Fee Adequacy Decisions
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Consistent with the Administration's commitment to transparency, DOE General Counsel Scott Blake Harris has decided that all future determinations as to the adequacy of the Nuclear Waste Fund fee...
16 TAC, part 1, chapter 3, rule 3.78 Fees and Financial Security...
Fees and Financial Security Requirements Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- RegulationRegulation: 16 TAC, part 1, chapter 3, rule...
[Type text] 2012 Higher Education Units and Fees (version 1) October 2011 Page 1
EDUCATION UNITS AND FEES UNIT CODE UNIT TITLE CreditPts EFTSL UnitFeefor 2012/11/10CSP UnitFeeforpre- 2010CSP UnitFeeforpre- 2009CSP UnitFeeforpre- 2008CSP FullTuitionFees fornon-CSP ACH400 RESEARCHFeefor 2012/11/10CSP UnitFeeforpre- 2010CSP UnitFeeforpre- 2009CSP UnitFeeforpre- 2008CSP Full
Zipf's law, power laws, and maximum entropy
Visser, Matt
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Zipf's law, and power laws in general, have attracted and continue to attract considerable attention in a wide variety of disciplines - from astronomy to demographics to economics to linguistics to zoology, and even warfare. A recent model of random group formation [RGF] attempts a general explanation of such phenomena based on Jaynes' notion of maximum entropy applied to a particular choice of cost function. In the present article I argue that the cost function used in the RGF model is in fact unnecessarily complicated, and that power laws can be obtained in a much simpler way by applying maximum entropy ideas directly to the Shannon entropy subject only to a single constraint: that the average of the logarithm of the observable quantity is specified.
Maximum Estrada Index of Bicyclic Graphs
Wang, Long; Wang, Yi
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Let $G$ be a simple graph of order $n$, let $\\lambda_1(G),\\lambda_2(G),...,\\lambda_n(G)$ be the eigenvalues of the adjacency matrix of $G$. The Esrada index of $G$ is defined as $EE(G)=\\sum_{i=1}^{n}e^{\\lambda_i(G)}$. In this paper we determine the unique graph with maximum Estrada index among bicyclic graphs with fixed order.
Minimum wear tube support hole design
Glatthorn, Raymond H. (St. Petersburg, FL)
1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A minimum-wear through-bore (16) is defined within a heat exchanger tube support plate (14) so as to have an hourglass configuration as determined by means of a constant radiused surface curvature (18) as defined by means of an external radius (R3), wherein the surface (18) extends between the upper surface (20) and lower surface (22) of the tube support plate (14). When a heat exchange tube (12) is disposed within the tube support plate (14) so as to pass through the through-bore (16), the heat exchange tube (12) is always in contact with a smoothly curved or radiused portion of the through-bore surface (16) whereby unacceptably excessive wear upon the heat exchange tube (12), as normally developed by means of sharp edges, lands, ridges, or the like conventionally part of the tube support plates, is eliminated or substantially reduced.
A global maximum power point tracking DC-DC converter
Duncan, Joseph, 1981-
2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This thesis describes the design, and validation of a maximum power point tracking DC-DC converter capable of following the true global maximum power point in the presence of other local maximum. It does this without the ...
Massachusetts at Amherst, University of
2015-16 Alternative Loans for Parents Private loan programs/lenders are listed in alphabetical information visit us at umass.edu/umfa. Loan Program -Lender Interest Rate Ranges/Fees Loan Minimum/ Maximum
Winter, L. M. [Atmospheric and Environmental Research, 131 Hartwell Avenue, Lexington, MA 02421 (United States); Balasubramaniam, K. S., E-mail: lwinter@aer.com [Space Weather Effects Section, Space Vehicles Directorate, Air Force Research Laboratory, Kirtland AFB, NM 87117 (United States)
2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z
We present an alternate method of determining the progression of the solar cycle through an analysis of the solar X-ray background. Our results are based on the NOAA Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellites (GOES) X-ray data in the 1-8 Å band from 1986 to the present, covering solar cycles 22, 23, and 24. The X-ray background level tracks the progression of the solar cycle through its maximum and minimum. Using the X-ray data, we can therefore make estimates of the solar cycle progression and the date of solar maximum. Based upon our analysis, we conclude that the Sun reached its hemisphere-averaged maximum in solar cycle 24 in late 2013. This is within six months of the NOAA prediction of a maximum in spring 2013.
The Maximum Mass of a Neutron Star
Vassiliki Kalogera; Gordon Baym
1996-08-11T23:59:59.000Z
Observational identification of black holes as members of binary systems requires the knowledge of the upper limit on the gravitational mass of a neutron star. We use modern equations of state for neutron star matter, fitted to experimental nucleon-nucleon scattering data and the properties of light nuclei, to calculate, within the framework of Rhoades & Ruffini (1974), the minimum upper limit on a neutron star mass. Regarding the equation of state as valid up to twice nuclear matter saturation density, rho_{nm}, we obtain a secure upper bound on the neutron star mass equal to 2.9 solar masses. We also find that in order to reach the lowest possible upper bound of 2.2 solar masses, we need understand the physical properties of neutron matter up to a density of about 4 times rho_{nm}.
Maximum Performance Group MPG | Open Energy Information
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousPlasmaP a g eWorks -09-0018-CX JumpShun DaSiliconBioPower LLC MBPMarumae Co LtdOpen EnergyMaximum Performance
IMPLICATIONS OF THE RECENT LOW SOLAR MINIMUM FOR THE SOLAR WIND DURING THE MAUNDER MINIMUM
Lockwood, M.; Owens, M. J., E-mail: m.lockwood@reading.ac.uk [Department of Meteorology, University of Reading, Earley Gate, RG6 6BB (United Kingdom)
2014-01-20T23:59:59.000Z
The behavior of the Sun and near-Earth space during grand solar minima is not understood; however, the recent long and low minimum of the decadal-scale solar cycle gives some important clues, with implications for understanding the solar dynamo and predicting space weather conditions. The speed of the near-Earth solar wind and the strength of the interplanetary magnetic field (IMF) embedded within it can be reliably reconstructed for before the advent of spacecraft monitoring using observations of geomagnetic activity that extend back to the mid-19th century. We show that during the solar cycle minima around 1879 and 1901 the average solar wind speed was exceptionally low, implying the Earth remained within the streamer belt of slow solar wind flow for extended periods. This is consistent with a broader streamer belt, which was also a feature of the recent low minimum (2009), and yields a prediction that the low near-Earth IMF during the Maunder minimum (1640-1700), as derived from models and deduced from cosmogenic isotopes, was accompanied by a persistent and relatively constant solar wind of speed roughly half the average for the modern era.
Arnold, Jonathan
for Senior Signature (minimum gift to Senior Signature required to be included on Class of 2015 is required to be included on the Class of 2015 plaque) I am proud to support the Georgia Fund SENIOR myID Email Name as it should appear on Senior Signature Class Plaque (maximum 25 spaces) VISA
MacAdam, Keith
approved by the College of Medicine Student Progress and Promotion Committee to take a reduced curriculum hours) will be assessed on a per-credit hour basis. AnnualFull-TimeFee The annual rates for Medicine-13 totaling $1,241. College of Medicine (Annual Charges) Beginning with Fall 2007, the College of Medicine
An Efficient Algorithm for Computing Robust Minimum Capacity st Cuts
Doug Altner
2008-03-20T23:59:59.000Z
Mar 20, 2008 ... In this paper, we present an efficient algorithm for computing minimum capacity s-t cuts under a polyhedral model of robustness. Our algorithm ...
Minimum Aberration Blocking Schemes for 128-Run Designs
Xu, Hongquan; Mee, Robert W.
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Split-Plot Fractional Factorial Designs,” Journal of QualityAberration in Blocked Factorial Designs,” Technometrics, 39,Blocked Regular Fractional Factorial Designs With Minimum
Minimum Aberration Blocking Schemes for 128-Run Designs
Hongquan Xu; Robert W. Mee
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Split-Plot Fractional Factorial Designs,” Journal of QualityAberration in Blocked Factorial Designs,” Technometrics, 39,Blocked Regular Fractional Factorial Designs With Minimum
Optimizing minimum free-energy crossing points in solution: Linear...
Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)
Optimizing minimum free-energy crossing points in solution: Linear-response free energyspin-flip density functional theory approach Citation Details In-Document Search Title:...
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
These regulations establish a user fee system for point source dischargers that discharge pollutants into the surface waters of the State. The funds from such fees are used by the Department of...
Statistics Fees Scholarship R E G U L A T I O N S F O R 2 0 1 4
Waikato, University of
Statistics Fees Scholarship R E G U L A T I O N S F O R 2 0 1 4 BACKGROUND These Scholarships were will be known as the Statistics Fees Scholarships. 2. The Scholarship will have a value of up to $2. 4. The Statistics Fees Scholarship is open to applicants who are enrolling in the second or third
A Counterexample to Additivity of Minimum Output Entropy
M. B. Hastings
2009-12-30T23:59:59.000Z
We present a random construction of a pair of channels which gives, with non-zero probability for sufficiently large dimensions, a counterexample to the minimum output entropy conjecture. As shown by Shor, this implies a violation of the additivity conjecture for the classical capacity of quantum channels. The violation of the minimum output entropy conjecture is relatively small.
Maximum Throughput Power Control in CDMA Wireless Networks
Mellor-Crummey, John
Maximum Throughput Power Control in CDMA Wireless Networks Anastasios Giannoulis Department introduce crosslayer, distributed power control algorithms that guarantee maximum possible data throughput performing dynamic routing and scheduling together with power control. The crosslayer interaction consists
Compressing Social Networks The Minimum Logarithmic Arrangement Problem
Safro, Ilya
Compressing Social Networks The Minimum Logarithmic Arrangement Problem Chad Waters School Orderings Heuristic Conclusion Motivation Determine the extent to which social networks can be compressed adjacency queries. Social networks are not random graphs. Exhibit distinctive local properties
Minimum Cost Layout Decomposition and Legalization for Triple ...
2015-06-27T23:59:59.000Z
problem as a minimum cost coloring problem, and it is relaxed to a nonlinear 0-1 ... ered as a promising technology for next-generation lithogra- phy. However ...
Minimum Stream Flow and Water Sale Contracts (Indiana)
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
The Indiana Natural Resources Commission may provide certain minimum quantities of stream flow or sell water on a unit pricing basis for water supply purposes from the water supply storage in...
Theoretical Minimum Energy Use of a Building HVAC System
Tanskyi, O.
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This paper investigates the theoretical minimum energy use required by the HVAC system in a particular code compliant office building. This limit might be viewed as the "Carnot Efficiency" for HVAC system. It assumes that all ventilation and air...
The minimum information for a qualified BioBrick
Zhou, Mubing
2012-10-11T23:59:59.000Z
Since the information of many existing BioBricks is incomplete, thus the usage of the BioBricks will be affected. It is necessary to standardize the minimum information required for a qualified BioBrick. Furthermore this ...
Ninety - Two Percent Minimum Heater Efficiency By 1980
Mieth, H. C.; Hardie, J. E.
1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Technology is now available to increase heater efficiencies to 92 percent and more. By 1980, this technology will be field proven and corrosion and reliability problems identified and resolved. Recent studies have shown that a minimum efficiency...
Upper bounds on minimum distance of nonbinary quantum stabilizer codes
Kumar, Santosh
2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z
The most popular class of quantum error correcting codes is stabilizer codes. Binary quantum stabilizer codes have been well studied, and Calderbank, Rains, Shor and Sloane (July 1998) have constructed a table of upper bounds on the minimum distance...
Minimum Purchase Price Regulations (Prince Edward Island, Canada)
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
The Minimum Purchase Price Regulations establish the price which utilities must pay for power produced by large-scale renewable energy generators – that is those capable of producing more than 100...
TOWARD THE MINIMUM INNER EDGE DISTANCE OF THE HABITABLE ZONE
Zsom, Andras
We explore the minimum distance from a host star where an exoplanet could potentially be habitable in order not to discard close-in rocky exoplanets for follow-up observations. We find that the inner edge of the Habitable ...
Minimum patch size thresholds of reproductive success of songbirds
Butcher, Jerrod Anthony
2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z
1 MINIMUM PATCH SIZE THRESHOLDS OF REPRODUCTIVE SUCCESS OF SONGBIRDS A Dissertation by JERROD ANTHONY BUTCHER Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements... for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY May 2008 Major Subject: Wildlife and Fisheries Sciences 2 MINIMUM PATCH SIZE THRESHOLDS OF REPRODUCTIVE SUCCESS OF SONGBIRDS A Dissertation by JERROD ANTHONY BUTCHER Submitted to the Office...
Page 1 of 2 2014-15 Postgraduate Tuition Fees for Institute of Petroleum
Painter, Kevin
Page 1 of 2 2014-15 Postgraduate Tuition Fees for Institute of Petroleum Engineering programmes Programme title Award FT PT FT PT FT PT Petroleum Geoscience MSc / PGDip £9,720 - £11,470 - £25,920 - Petroleum Engineering MSc / PGDip £9,720 - £11,470 - £25,920 - Reservoir Evaluation & Management MSc / PGDip
Exempt Benefit Salary Packaging Agreement The entry permit fees for 2014 are as follows
Fleming, Andrew J.
Exempt Benefit Salary Packaging Agreement The entry permit fees for 2014 are as follows: General fortnightly pay period. Completion of Exempt Salary Packaging Agreement All staff wishing to salary package entry permit deductions must complete the "Exempt Benefit Salary Packaging Agreement". This applies
Lawrence, Rick L.
INTRAMURALSSpring Team Sports* Registration accepted for teams or "free agent" individuals. $25 registration fee required for all teams: due upon team registration online. (Refundable if no games the team manager via email or text message (through the website). Call the Equipment Room at 994
Maxwell, Bruce D.
INTRAMURALSFall Team Sports* Registration accepted for teams or "free agent" individuals. $25 registration fee required for all teams: due upon team registration online. (Refundable if no games the team manager via email or text message (through the website). Call the Equipment Room at 994
Maxwell, Bruce D.
INTRAMURALSSummer Team Sports* Registration accepted for teams or "free agent" individuals. $25 registration fee required for all teams: due upon team registration online. (Refundable if no games the team manager via email or text message. Recreational Sports & Fitness 120 Marga Hosaeus Fitness Center
PLAN FOR USE OF TECHNOLOGY FEE The City College of New York CUNY
Sun, Yi
and learning environment at the College. The Student Technology Internship Program is divided into three majorPLAN FOR USE OF TECHNOLOGY FEE 2004-2005 The City College of New York CUNY Table of Content Budgets 4 Technology Intern Program 5 Library Online Services 8 Department of Information Technology
Page 1 of 3 2013-14 Postgraduate Tuition Fees for Institute of Petroleum
Painter, Kevin
Page 1 of 3 2013-14 Postgraduate Tuition Fees for Institute of Petroleum Engineering programmes Overseas Home/EU Overseas Programme title Award FT PT FT PT FT PT FT PT FT PT Petroleum Geoscience MSc campus) MSc / PGDip / PGCert £4,600 - £5,430 - £12,000 - £4,520 - £23,400 - Petroleum Engineering MSc
Boston University User Fee Structure for ICP-ES, ICP-MS and Laser Labs
Hutyra, Lucy R.
Cost per sample by laser ablation includes three spots on a sample plus an additional three spotsBoston University User Fee Structure for ICP-ES, ICP-MS and Laser Labs The Department of Earth come to BU and digest their samples in our labs with sufficient training. Laser-ICP-MS cost per sample
Maximum Fuel Utilization in Advanced Fast Reactors without Actinides Separation
Heidet, Florent
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
heavy metal density of carbide fuel is 6% smaller than thatthe minimum required burnup is larger for carbide fuel. Thefluence are larger in carbide fuel because of the longer
Minimum time control of a pair of two-level quantum systems with opposite drifts
Raffaele Romano; Domenico D'Alessandro
2015-04-27T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper we solve two equivalent time optimal control problems. On one hand, we design the control field to implement in minimum time the SWAP (or equivalent) operator on a two-level system, assuming that it interacts with an additional, uncontrollable, two-level system. On the other hand, we synthesize the SWAP operator simultaneously, in minimum time, on a pair of two-level systems subject to opposite drifts. We assume that it is possible to perform three independent control actions, and that the total control strength is bounded. These controls either affect the dynamics of the target system, under the first perspective, or, simultaneously, the dynamics of both systems, in the second view. We obtain our results by using techniques of geometric control theory on Lie groups. In particular, we apply the Pontryagin Maximum Principle, and provide a complete characterization of singular and non-singular extremals. Our analysis shows that the problem can be formulated as the motion of a material point in a central force, a well known system in classical mechanics. Although we focus on obtaining the SWAP operator, many of the ideas and techniques developed in this work apply to the time optimal implementation of an arbitrary unitary operator.
Minimum Time Optimal Synthesis for a Control System on SU(2)
Francesca Albertini; Domenico D'Alessandro
2014-07-28T23:59:59.000Z
For the time optimal control on an invariant system on SU(2), with two independent controls and a bound on the norm of the control, the extremals of the maximum principle are explicit functions of time and the resulting differential equations can be explicitly integrated. We use this fact here to perform the optimal synthesis for these systems, i.e., find all optimal trajectories. As a consequence, we describe a simple method to find the minimum time control for every desired final condition. Although the Lie group SU(2) is three dimensional, optimal trajectories can be described in the unit disk of the complex plane. We find that a circular trajectory separates optimal trajectories that reach the boundary of the unit disk from the others. Inside this separatrix circle another trajectory (the critical trajectory) plays an important role in that all optimal trajectories end at an intersection with this curve. Our results are of interest to find the minimum time needed to achieve a given evolution of a two level quantum system.
Maximum Achievable Control Technology for New Industrial Boilers (released in AEO2005)
Reports and Publications (EIA)
2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
As part of Clean Air Act 90 (CAAA90, the EPA on February 26, 2004, issued a final rulethe National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAP) to reduce emissions of hazardous air pollutants (HAPs) from industrial, commercial, and institutional boilers and process heaters. The rule requires industrial boilers and process heaters to meet limits on HAP emissions to comply with a Maximum Achievable Control Technology (MACT) floor level of control that is the minimum level such sources must meet to comply with the rule. The major HAPs to be reduced are hydrochloric acid, hydrofluoric acid, arsenic, beryllium, cadmium, and nickel. The EPA predicts that the boiler MACT rule will reduce those HAP emissions from existing sources by about 59,000 tons per year in 2005.
Computing the Maximum Volume Inscribed Ellipsoid of a Polytopic ...
Jianzhe Zhen
2015-01-23T23:59:59.000Z
Jan 23, 2015 ... Abstract: This paper introduces a method for computing the maximum volume inscribed ellipsoid and k-ball of a projected polytope. It is known ...
Maximum entropy generation in open systems: the Fourth Law?
Umberto Lucia
2010-11-17T23:59:59.000Z
This paper develops an analytical and rigorous formulation of the maximum entropy generation principle. The result is suggested as the Fourth Law of Thermodynamics.
Maximum-principle-satisfying second order discontinuous Galerkin ...
2014-05-05T23:59:59.000Z
Notice that the CFL conditions in Table 2.1 are sufficient but not necessary to achieve maximum principle. A more efficient implementation would be enforcing
A Near Maximum Likelihood Decoding Algorithm for MIMO Systems ...
Amin Mobasher
2005-10-03T23:59:59.000Z
Oct 3, 2005 ... A Near Maximum Likelihood Decoding Algorithm for MIMO Systems Based ... models are also used for soft output decoding in MIMO systems.
EERE Takes Important Steps to Ensure Maximum Impact of Technology...
Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]
in wind, solar and other programs is essential to achieve maximum return for taxpayer investment. | Photos courtesy of the National Renewable Energy Laboratory Tracking...
The North Carolina Solar Center offers free and fee- based technical services for manufacturers Training. Renewable Energy Assessments The Solar Center's renewable energy assessments focus on practical ways companies can incorporate renewable energy into their facilities and existing energy systems
Ratigan, J.L.; Nieland, J.D.; Devries, K.L.
1998-12-31T23:59:59.000Z
Geomechanical analyses were made to determine the minimum gas pressure allowable based on an existing stress-based criterion (Damage Potential) and an advanced constitutive model (MDCF model) capable of quantifying the level of damage and healing in rock salt. The MDCF model is a constitutive model developed for the WIPP to provide a continuum description of the dislocation and damage deformation of salt. The purpose of this study was to determine if the MDCF model is applicable for evaluating the minimum gas pressure of CNG storage caverns. Specifically, it was to be determined if this model would predict that the minimum gas pressure in the caverns could be lowered without compromising the stability of the cavern. Additionally, the healing behavior of the salt was analyzed to determine if complete healing of the damaged rock zone would occur during the period the cavern was at maximum gas pressure. Significant findings of this study are reported.
SEVIS FEE (I-901) for J and F visa applicants Please see US Government Website at www.fmjfee.com
their entry to, stay in, and exit from the United States, will be used to record and track the I-901 fee.1a) wishing to apply for F-1, F-3, M-1, M-3, or J-1 status at a Port of Entry into the United States must pay and process the SEVIS fee before appearing at the Port of Entry. Nonimmigrants currently
Minimum Risk Estimation and Decoding in Large Vocabulary Continuous
Byrne, William
refinements EP(W,A)L(W,(A)) W W ^W = argmin W W W W L(W,W )P(W |A) E(W) = W W L(W,W )P(W |A) #12;Minimum, specifically Word Error Rate ? Efficient Lattice MBR Computation E(W) = W W L(W,W )P(W |A) W W #12;Minimum path to a reference path W ? Word Error Rate Requires String-to-String Alignment W1,...,WN W1,...,WN L(W,W
Maximum oxidative phosphorylation capacity of the mammalian heart
Mootha, Vamsi K.
Maximum oxidative phosphorylation capacity of the mammalian heart VAMSI K. MOOTHA, ANDREW E. ARAI, AND ROBERT S. BALABAN Laboratory of Cardiac Energetics, National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, National. Maximum oxidative phosphorylation capacity of the mammalian heart. Am. J. Physiol. 272 (Heart Circ
FAST SPEAKER ADAPTION VIA MAXIMUM PENALIZED LIKELIHOOD KERNEL REGRESSION
Tsang Wai Hung "Ivor"
of MLLR using non- linear regression. Specifically, kernel regression is applied with appropriate of Science and Technology Clear Water Bay, Hong Kong ABSTRACT Maximum likelihood linear regression (MLLR) has], and transformation-based methods, most notably, maximum likelihood linear regression (MLLR) adap- tation [3]. However
Digital tomosynthesis mammography using a parallel maximum likelihood reconstruction method
Meleis, Waleed
Digital tomosynthesis mammography using a parallel maximum likelihood reconstruction method Tao Wu , a Radiology Department, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA 02114 b Dept. of Electrical and Computer on an iterative maximum likelihood (ML) algorithm, is developed to provide fast reconstruction for digital
Predicting Customer Behavior using Naive Bayes and Maximum Entropy
Keysers, Daniel
of returned goods, we additionally generated two binary features for zero and missing values. The remaining Naive Bayes, Maximum Entropy, Neural Networks and Logistic Regression for classification of cus- tomer classifiers won the Data-Mining-Cup in 2004. Combining Logistic Regression, Neural Networks, and Maximum
Optimal Allocation of Bandwidth for Minimum Battery Consumption
Cosman, Pamela C.
properties of the battery under bursty discharge conditions are exploited. In this paper, we exploitOptimal Allocation of Bandwidth for Minimum Battery Consumption Qinghua Zhao, Pamela C. Cosman, a power amplifier utilizes battery energy more efficiently with a higher transmission power. For a given
arXiv:condmat/0310072 Minimum dissipation principle
Gabrielli, Davide
uctuation principle which generalizes the well known Boltzmann{Einstein formula for the probability have opposite transformation properties under time reversal, the non dissipative part being in this respect akin to a magnetic term. We emphasize that the minimum dissipation principle is of general
Storage Begins with Purchasing purchase minimum needed for experiment
Cohen, Robert E.
Storage Begins with Purchasing · purchase minimum needed for experiment do not "buy in bulk://www.ehs.washington.edu/forms/epo/peroxideguidelines.pdf #12;Chemical Storage Basics · https://web.mit.edu/environment/pdf/sop/sop_0023.pdf · http://www.lbl.gov/ehs/chsp/html/storage level · do not store chemicals in fume hoods · flammable storage refrigerator needed for flammable
What is Minimum Impact Research? John R. Spear
minimum impact Yellowstone National Park 2 GEOTHERMAL BIOLOGY AND GEOCHEMISTRY IN YELLOWSTONE NATIONAL.735.1808 Fax: 303.492.7744 Email: spearj@colorado.edu 1 #12;Key Words conservation geothermal leave no trace Yellowstone National Park, for example. Other impacts--grazing, logging, mining, drilling and loss
The Clique Partition Problem with Minimum Clique Size ...
2005-05-05T23:59:59.000Z
May 5, 2005 ... Page 1 ... We will explain later in section 2.1, what we mean by “x is the .... since we don't know a concrete description for R(G, S), we will start from. ¯ ..... Now consider CPPMIN: S is the minimum size for each cluster, so the ...
Network Coding for Joint Storage and Transmission with Minimum Cost
Jiang, Anxiao "Andrew"
transmission and data storage in networks. Its power comes from the improved flexibility that codeword symbolsNetwork Coding for Joint Storage and Transmission with Minimum Cost Anxiao (Andrew) Jiang@cs.tamu.edu. Abstract-- Network coding provides elegant solutions to many data transmission problems. The usage
Statistical Methods for Estimating the Minimum Thickness Along a Pipeline
University wqmeeker@iastate.edu January 25, 2013 Abstract Pipeline integrity is important because leaks can companies use pipelines to transfer oil, gas and other materials from one place to another. ManufacturesStatistical Methods for Estimating the Minimum Thickness Along a Pipeline Shiyao Liu Department
THE SOLAR CYCLE AT THE MAUNDER MINIMUM EPOCH
Usoskin, Ilya G.
THE SOLAR CYCLE AT THE MAUNDER MINIMUM EPOCH HIROKO MIYAHARA, DMITRY SOKOLOFF and ILYA G. USOSKIN Solar-Terrestrial Environmental Laboratory, Nagoya University Nagoya, Aichi 464-8601, Japan Department minima, when the solar dynamo was in a special mode. We review available sets of direct and indirect data
Information Delivery in Large Wireless Networks with Minimum Energy Expense
Wang, Wenye
Information Delivery in Large Wireless Networks with Minimum Energy Expense Yi Xu and Wenye Wang in large-scale multihop wireless networks because of the limited energy supplies from batteries. We and strategies that reduce energy consumption in wireless net- works to extend network lifetimes. Examples
Approximate Minimum-Energy Multicasting in Wireless Ad Hoc Networks
Liang, Weifa
Approximate Minimum-Energy Multicasting in Wireless Ad Hoc Networks Weifa Liang, Senior Member, IEEE Abstract--A wireless ad hoc network consists of mobile nodes that are equipped with energy on energy conservation in wireless ad hoc networks have been conducted. For example, energy efficient
A minimum problem with free boundary for a degenerate quasilinear ...
2005-03-04T23:59:59.000Z
Feb 8, 2005 ... By the strong minimum principle, w0 = 0 in B5/8, since w0 ? 0 and w0(0) ..... 4.7 in [2] and pp. 19–20 in [3]; see also our proof of Theorem 5.1.
Delay Constrained Minimum Energy Broadcast in Cooperative Wireless Networks
Krishnamachari, Bhaskar
Delay Constrained Minimum Energy Broadcast in Cooperative Wireless Networks Marjan Baghaie--We formulate the problem of delay constrained energy-efficient broadcast in cooperative multihop wireless net algorithm that combines dynamic programming and linear programming to yield the min- imum energy broadcast
A stochastic minimum principle and an adaptive pathwise algorithm for
Electric power systems a b s t r a c t We present a numerical method for finite-horizon stochastic optimal control models. We derive a stochastic minimum principle (SMP) and then develop a numerical method based-parametric interpolation methods. We present results from a standard linear quadratic control model, and a realistic case
The"minimum information about an environmental sequence" (MIENS) specification
Yilmaz, P.; Kottmann, R.; Field, D.; Knight, R.; Cole, J.R.; Amaral-Zettler, L.; Gilbert, J.A.; Karsch-Mizrachi, I.; Johnston, A.; Cochrane, G.; Vaughan, R.; Hunter, C.; Park, J.; Morrison, N.; Rocca-Serra, P.; Sterk, P.; Arumugam, M.; Baumgartner, L.; Birren, B.W.; Blaser, M.J.; Bonazzi, V.; Bork, P.; Buttigieg, P. L.; Chain, P.; Costello, E.K.; Huot-Creasy, H.; Dawyndt, P.; DeSantis, T.; Fierer, N.; Fuhrman, J.; Gallery, R.E.; Gibbs, R.A.; Giglio, M.G.; Gil, I. San; Gonzalez, A.; Gordon, J.I.; Guralnick, R.; Hankeln, W.; Highlander, S.; Hugenholtz, P.; Jansson, J.; Kennedy, J.; Knights, D.; Koren, O.; Kuczynski, J.; Kyrpides, N.; Larsen, R.; Lauber, C.L.; Legg, T.; Ley, R.E.; Lozupone, C.A.; Ludwig, W.; Lyons, D.; Maguire, E.; Methe, B.A.; Meyer, F.; Nakieny, S.; Nelson, K.E.; Nemergut, D.; Neufeld, J.D.; Pace, N.R.; Palanisamy, G.; Peplies, J.; Peterson, J.; Petrosino, J.; Proctor, L.; Raes, J.; Ratnasingham, S.; Ravel, J.; Relman, D.A.; Assunta-Sansone, S.; Schriml, L.; Sodergren, E.; Spor, A.; Stombaugh, J.; Tiedje, J.M.; Ward, D.V.; Weinstock, G.M.; Wendel, D.; White, O.; Wikle, A.; Wortman, J.R.; Glockner, F.O.; Bushman, F.D.; Charlson, E.; Gevers, D.; Kelley, S.T.; Neubold, L.K.; Oliver, A.E.; Pruesse, E.; Quast, C.; Schloss, P.D.; Sinha, R.; Whitely, A.
2010-10-15T23:59:59.000Z
We present the Genomic Standards Consortium's (GSC) 'Minimum Information about an ENvironmental Sequence' (MIENS) standard for describing marker genes. Adoption of MIENS will enhance our ability to analyze natural genetic diversity across the Tree of Life as it is currently being documented by massive DNA sequencing efforts from myriad ecosystems in our ever-changing biosphere.
Wagner, Stephan
, and each man ranks all women from best to worst. Now each woman should marry one of the men (and vice versa such that increasing subsequences are chains and decreasing subsequences are antichains (or vice versa).] 5. A graph town, there is an equal number of men and women. Each woman ranks all (C) men from best to worst
Bustamante, Fabián E.
Author(s): Ajit C. Tamhane and Brent R. Logan Source: Journal of the American Statistical Association, Vol. 97, No. 457 (Mar., 2002), pp. 293- 301 Published by: American Statistical Association Stable URL of scholarship. For more information about JSTOR, please contact support@jstor.org. American Statistical
Maximum containment : the most controversial labs in the world
Bruzek, Alison K. (Allison Kim)
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
In 2002, following the September 11th attacks and the anthrax letters, the United States allocated money to build two maximum containment biology labs. Called Biosafety Level 4 (BSL-4) facilities, these labs were built to ...
Bacteria Total Maximum Daily Load Task Force Final Report
Jones, C. Allan; Wagner, Kevin; Di Giovanni, George; Hauck, Larry; Mott, Joanna; Rifai, Hanadi; Srinivasan, Raghavan; Ward, George; Wythe, Kathy
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
In September 2006, the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality (TCEQ) and Texas State Soil and Water Conservation Board (TSSWCB) charged a seven-person Bacteria Total Maximum Daily Load (TMDL) Task Force with: * examining approaches...
Maximum Likelihood Decoding of Reed Solomon Codes Madhu Sudan
Sudan, Madhu
Maximum Likelihood Decoding of Reed Solomon Codes Madhu Sudan Abstract We present a randomized and Welch [4] (see, for instance, Gem- mell and Sudan [9]). In this paper we present an algorithm which
Maximum Photovoltaic Penetration Levels on Typical Distribution Feeders: Preprint
Hoke, A.; Butler, R.; Hambrick, J.; Kroposki, B.
2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z
This paper presents simulation results for a taxonomy of typical distribution feeders with various levels of photovoltaic (PV) penetration. For each of the 16 feeders simulated, the maximum PV penetration that did not result in steady-state voltage or current violation is presented for several PV location scenarios: clustered near the feeder source, clustered near the midpoint of the feeder, clustered near the end of the feeder, randomly located, and evenly distributed. In addition, the maximum level of PV is presented for single, large PV systems at each location. Maximum PV penetration was determined by requiring that feeder voltages stay within ANSI Range A and that feeder currents stay within the ranges determined by overcurrent protection devices. Simulations were run in GridLAB-D using hourly time steps over a year with randomized load profiles based on utility data and typical meteorological year weather data. For 86% of the cases simulated, maximum PV penetration was at least 30% of peak load.
Maximum likelihood analysis of low energy CDMS II germanium data
Agnese, R.
We report on the results of a search for a Weakly Interacting Massive Particle (WIMP) signal in low-energy data of the Cryogenic Dark Matter Search experiment using a maximum likelihood analysis. A background model is ...
Filtering Additive Measurement Noise with Maximum Entropy in the Mean
Henryk Gzyl; Enrique ter Horst
2007-09-04T23:59:59.000Z
The purpose of this note is to show how the method of maximum entropy in the mean (MEM) may be used to improve parametric estimation when the measurements are corrupted by large level of noise. The method is developed in the context on a concrete example: that of estimation of the parameter in an exponential distribution. We compare the performance of our method with the bayesian and maximum likelihood approaches.
Optimization of Operating Parameters for Minimum Mechanical Specific Energy in Drilling
Hamrick, Todd
2011-05-25T23:59:59.000Z
Efficiency in drilling is measured by Mechanical Specific Energy (MSE). MSE is the measure of the amount of energy input required to remove a unit volume of rock, expressed in units of energy input divided by volume removed. It can be expressed mathematically in terms of controllable parameters; Weight on Bit, Torque, Rate of Penetration, and RPM. It is well documented that minimizing MSE by optimizing controllable factors results in maximum Rate of Penetration. Current methods for computing MSE make it possible to minimize MSE in the field only through a trial-and-error process. This work makes it possible to compute the optimum drilling parameters that result in minimum MSE. The parameters that have been traditionally used to compute MSE are interdependent. Mathematical relationships between the parameters were established, and the conventional MSE equation was rewritten in terms of a single parameter, Weight on Bit, establishing a form that can be minimized mathematically. Once the optimum Weight on Bit was determined, the interdependent relationship that Weight on Bit has with Torque and Penetration per Revolution was used to determine optimum values for those parameters for a given drilling situation. The improved method was validated through laboratory experimentation and analysis of published data. Two rock types were subjected to four treatments each, and drilled in a controlled laboratory environment. The method was applied in each case, and the optimum parameters for minimum MSE were computed. The method demonstrated an accurate means to determine optimum drilling parameters of Weight on Bit, Torque, and Penetration per Revolution. A unique application of micro-cracking is also presented, which demonstrates that rock failure ahead of the bit is related to axial force more than to rotation speed.
Observation of the Density Minimum in Deeply Supercooled Confined Water
Dazhi Liu; Yang Zhang; Chia-Cheng Chen; Chung-Yuan Mou; Peter H Poole; Sow-Hsin Chen
2007-04-17T23:59:59.000Z
Small angle neutron scattering (SANS) is used to measure the density of heavy water contained in 1-D cylindrical pores of mesoporous silica material MCM-41-S-15, with pores of diameter of 15+-1 A. In these pores the homogenous nucleation process of bulk water at 235 K does not occur and the liquid can be supercooled down to at least 160 K. The analysis of SANS data allows us to determine the absolute value of the density of D2O as a function of temperature. We observe a density minimum at 210+-5 K with a value of 1.041+-0.003 g/cm3. We show that the results are consistent with the predictions of molecular dynamics simulations of supercooled bulk water. This is the first experimental report of the existence of the density minimum in supercooled water.
Greene, David L [ORNL
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Highway finance in the United States is perceived by many to be in a state of crisis, primarily due to the erosion of motor fuel tax revenues due to inflation, fuel economy improvement, increased use of alternative sources of energy and diversion of revenues to other purposes. Monitoring vehicle miles of travel (VMT) and charging highway users per mile has been proposed as a replacement for the motor fuel tax. A VMT user fee, however, does not encourage energy efficiency in vehicle design, purchase and operation, as would a user fee levied on all forms of commercial energy used for transportation and indexed to the average efficiency of vehicles on the road and to inflation. An indexed roadway user toll on energy (IRoUTE) would induce two to four times as much reduction in greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and petroleum use as a pure VMT user fee. However, it is not a substitute for pricing GHG emissions and would make only a small but useful contribution to reducing petroleum dependence. An indexed energy user fee cannot adequately address the problems of traffic congestion and heavy vehicle cost responsibility. It could, however, be a key component of a comprehensive system of financing surface transportation that would eventually also include time and place specific monitoring of VMT for congestion pricing, externality charges and heavy vehicle user fees.
Dangerous implications of a minimum length in quantum gravity
Cosimo Bambi; Katherine Freese
2008-07-17T23:59:59.000Z
The existence of a minimum length and a generalization of the Heisenberg uncertainty principle seem to be two fundamental ingredients required in any consistent theory of quantum gravity. In this letter we show that they would predict dangerous processes which are phenomenologically unacceptable. For example, long--lived virtual super--Planck mass black holes may lead to rapid proton decay. Possible solutions of this puzzle are briefly discussed.
Technology Fee Plan http://www.ccny.cuny.edu/itcs/techfeeplan02-03.htm[8/14/2012 3:39:46 PM
Sun, Yi
Technology Fee Plan http://www.ccny.cuny.edu/itcs/techfeeplan02-03.htm[8/14/2012 3:39:46 PM] PLAN FOR USE OF TECHNOLOGY FEE The City College of New York · CUNY Background. In Fall 2001, the College established a Technology Task Force which included representatives from the administration, faculty, student
Sultenfuss, Sherry D.
2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z
......................................................... 23 3 Reasons a Landowner Would Lease Land for Fee Hunting. Percent Response Data .......................................................... 24 4 Factors a Landowner May Consider When Leasing Land for Fee Hunting. Average Response Data....................................... 25 5 Characteristics of Lease Types. .............................................. 27 6 Comparison of Lease Characteristics. .................................... 27 7 Leased ?By? Characteristics...
Heat rate and maximum load capability improvements through cycle isolation
Coons, K. [Coronado Generating Station, Saint Johns, AZ (United States); Dimmick, J.G. [Leak Detection Services, Inc., Annapolis, MD (United States)
1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z
Major improvements in maximum load capability and gross turbine heat rate were obtained at Salt River Project`s Coronado Unit 1, resulting from work done during the Spring 1993 overhaul. Corrected maximum load increased by 13.1 MW -- from 403.8 MW prior to the overhaul compared to 416.9 MW after the overhaul. Corrected gross turbine heat rate was reduced 270 BTU/kWH -- from 7,920 BTU/kWH before the overhaul to 7,650 BTU/kWH after the overhaul. Of the work done, the repair of leaking valves had the largest impact on cycle performance. The reduction of cycle leakage accounted for an increase of 9.9 MW in maximum load capability and a reduction to gross turbine heat rate of 190 BTU. Weekly maximum load tests, which started in August 1992 with the installation of an on-line monitoring system, show that maximum load had decreased approximately 4 MW during the six months prior to the overhaul. During this time there were no significant changes in HP or IP efficiencies, or any other directly-measured cycle parameters. Therefore, this degradation was attributed to cycle isolation valve leakage. Acoustic emission leak detection methods were used to identify leaking valves prior to the outage. Of the 138 valves tested for leakage, 31 valves had medium to very large leaks. Of these 31 leaking valves identified, 30 were repaired or replaced.
NGC2613, 3198, 6503, 7184: Case studies against `maximum' disks
B. Fuchs
1998-12-02T23:59:59.000Z
Decompositions of the rotation curves of NGC2613, 3198, 6505, and 7184 are analysed. For these galaxies the radial velocity dispersions of the stars have been measured and their morphology is clearly discernible. If the parameters of the decompositions are chosen according to the `maximum' disk hypothesis, the Toomre Q stability parameter is systematically less than one and the multiplicities of the spiral arms as expected from density wave theory are inconsitent with the observed morphologies of the galaxies. The apparent Q<1 instability, in particular, is a strong argument against the `maximum' disk hypothesis.
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AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5(Million Cubic Feet) Oregon (Including Vehicle Fuel) (MillionStructural Basis of5,:,, , ., ...,Zeller,Abouthighlights/ The OfficeFederal AdvisoryU.S.Fee
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Observation of the density minimum in deeply supercooled confined water
Chen, Sow-Hsin
of SANS data allows us to determine the absolute value of the density of D2O as a function of temperature remarkable physical properties of liquid water (1), the density maximum is probably the most well known is considered to be the most accurate model for reproducing experimental data when used with a simple spherical
Fundamental properties of solar-like oscillating stars from frequencies of minimum $\\Delta \
Y?ld?z, M; Kayhan, C
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The large separations between the oscillation frequencies of solar-like stars are measures of stellar mean density. The separations have been thought to be mostly constant in the observed range of frequencies. However, detailed investigation shows that they are not constant, and their variations are not random but have very strong diagnostic potential for our understanding of stellar structure and evolution. In this regard, frequencies of the minimum large separation are very useful tools. From these frequencies, in addition to the large separation and frequency of maximum amplitude, Y\\i ld\\i z et al. recently have developed new methods to find almost all the fundamental stellar properties. In the present study, we aim to find metallicity and helium abundances from the frequencies, and generalize the relations given by Y\\i ld\\i z et al. for a wider stellar mass range and arbitrary metallicity ($Z$) and helium abundance ($Y$). We show that the effect of metallicity is { significant} for most of the fundamental...
Minimum pressure envelope cavitation analysis using two-dimensional panel method
Peterson, Christopher J., S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
An analysis tool for calculating minimum pressure envelopes was developed using XFOIL. This thesis presents MATLAB® executables that interface with a modified version of XFOIL for determining the minimum pressure of a foil ...
The impact of minimum age of employment regulation on child labor and schooling
Edmonds, Eric V
Promoting minimum age of employment regulation has been a centerpiece in child labor policy for the last 15 years. If enforced, minimum age regulation would change the age profile of paid child employment. Using micro-data ...
Minimum length, extra dimensions, modified gravity and black hole remnants
Maziashvili, Michael, E-mail: maziashvili@gmail.com [Particle Physics and Cosmology Group, Ilia State University, 3/5 Cholokashvili Ave., Tbilisi 0162, Georgia (United States)
2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z
We construct a Hilbert space representation of minimum-length deformed uncertainty relation in presence of extra dimensions. Following this construction, we study corrections to the gravitational potential (back reaction on gravity) with the use of correspondingly modified propagator in presence of two (spatial) extra dimensions. Interestingly enough, for r?0 the gravitational force approaches zero and the horizon for modified Schwarzschild-Tangherlini space-time disappears when the mass approaches quantum-gravity energy scale. This result points out to the existence of zero-temperature black hole remnants in ADD brane-world model.
Fermion Masses and Mixings from a Minimum Principle
Rodrigo Alonso
2014-05-22T23:59:59.000Z
We analyze the structure of quark and lepton mass matrices under the hypothesis that they are determined from a minimum principle applied to a generic potential invariant under the $\\left[U(3)\\right]^5\\otimes {\\mathcal O}(3)$ flavor symmetry, acting on Standard Model fermions and right-handed neutrinos. Unlike the quark case, we show that hierarchical masses for charged leptons are naturally accompanied by degenerate Majorana neutrinos with one mixing angle close to maximal, a second potentially large, a third one necessarily small, and one maximal relative Majorana phase. The scheme presented here could be tested in the near future via neutrino-less double beta decay and cosmological measurements.
Rapidly Solving an Online Sequence of Maximum Flow Problems
2008-02-29T23:59:59.000Z
The distance label is a lower bound on the shortest distance, in terms of the .... decomposition of the maximum flow in the previous network are removed with breadth-first search, which is .... The next step in Algorithm 2 is to enter a while loop.
Maximum power tracking control scheme for wind generator systems
Mena Lopez, Hugo Eduardo
2008-10-10T23:59:59.000Z
The purpose of this work is to develop a maximum power tracking control strategy for variable speed wind turbine systems. Modern wind turbine control systems are slow, and they depend on the design parameters of the turbine and use wind and/or rotor...
Maximum likelihood estimation of the equity Efstathios Avdis
Kahana, Michael J.
premium is usually estimated by taking the sample mean of stock returns and subtracting a measure the expected return on the aggregate stock market less the government bill rate, is of central importance an alternative esti- mator, based on maximum likelihood, that takes into account informa- tion contained
MARTIN'S MAXIMUM AND TOWER FORCING SEAN COX AND MATTEO VIALE
Viale, Matteo
MARTIN'S MAXIMUM AND TOWER FORCING SEAN COX AND MATTEO VIALE Abstract. There are several examples, the Reflection Princi- ple (RP) implies that if I is a tower of ideals which concentrates on the class GIC1 of 1 [16], shows that if PFA+ or MM holds and there is an inaccessible cardinal, then there is a tower
The Entropy of the Universe and the Maximum Entropy Production
Lineweaver, Charles H.
Chapter 22 The Entropy of the Universe and the Maximum Entropy Production Principle Charles H. Lineweaver Abstract If the universe had been born in a high entropy, equilibrium state, there would be no stars, no planets and no life. Thus, the initial low entropy of the universe is the fundamental reason
Maximum power tracking control scheme for wind generator systems
Mena Lopez, Hugo Eduardo
2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z
The purpose of this work is to develop a maximum power tracking control strategy for variable speed wind turbine systems. Modern wind turbine control systems are slow, and they depend on the design parameters of the turbine and use wind and/or rotor...
Maximum power tracking control scheme for wind generator systems
Mena Lopez, Hugo Eduardo
2008-10-10T23:59:59.000Z
The purpose of this work is to develop a maximum power tracking control strategy for variable speed wind turbine systems. Modern wind turbine control systems are slow, and they depend on the design parameters of the turbine and use wind and/or rotor...
Maximum power tracking control scheme for wind generator systems
Mena, Hugo Eduardo
2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z
The purpose of this work is to develop a maximum power tracking control strategy for variable speed wind turbine systems. Modern wind turbine control systems are slow, and they depend on the design parameters of the turbine and use wind and/or rotor...
The Evolution of Maximum Body Size of Terrestrial Mammals
Brown, James H.
The Evolution of Maximum Body Size of Terrestrial Mammals Felisa A. Smith,1 * Alison G. Boyer,2 the primary driver for the evolution of giant mammals was diversification to fill ecological niches extracted from the Paleobiology Database (12), using the range- through option for each interval of time. We
What is a Hurricane? Tropical system with maximum sustained
Meyers, Steven D.
Andrew-Category 4· Category 4 Hurricane - Winds 131-155 mph. Wall failures in homes and complete roofHurricane 101 #12;What is a Hurricane? · Tropical system with maximum sustained surface wind of 74 mph or greater. A hurricane is the worst and the strongest of all tropical systems. · Also known
Efficiency Improvement of an IPMSM using Maximum Efficiency Operating Strategy
Noé, Reinhold
Efficiency Improvement of an IPMSM using Maximum Efficiency Operating Strategy Daniel Pohlenz. These are characterized by high efficiency and high torque as well as power density. The generation of reference currents that the MTPC method deviates considerably from the best efficiency under certain boundary conditions. The use
Scientific excellence with MaxiMuM iMpact
are funded by the government to ensure the UK remains at the forefront of world class scientific research achieve this by: ·Providing access to world class scientific facilities at the Rutherford AppletonScientific excellence with MaxiMuM iMpact The Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC
BRANCH-CUT-AND-PROPAGATE FOR THE MAXIMUM k ...
2011-03-16T23:59:59.000Z
maximum k-colorable subgraph problem consists of selecting a k-color- able induced subgraph of ..... a symmetric subgroup Sp of Aut(G) acts on Vp for all p ? [s]. Let Vp = {vp. 1,...,vp qp. } ...... [9] J. Crawford, M. Ginsberg, E. Luks, and A. Roy.
Renewable Energy Scheduling for Fading Channels with Maximum Power Constraint
Greenberg, Albert
Renewable Energy Scheduling for Fading Channels with Maximum Power Constraint Zhe Wang Electrical--In this paper, we develop efficient algorithm to obtain the optimal energy schedule for fading channel with energy harvesting. We assume that the side information of both the channel states and energy harvesting
Do Frictions Matter in the Labor Market? Accessions, Separations, and Minimum Wage Effects
Dube, Arindrajit; Lester, T. William; Reich, Michael
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
churn ing. B y altering the wage distribution, the minimum wage policy can affect equilibrium separation rates.
Guidelines for Minimum Standards for Learning Management System (LMS) Unit Design
Tobar, Michael
Guidelines for Minimum Standards for Learning Management System (LMS) Unit Design Overview Ensuring a minimum standard for design of an LMS unit for teaching, learning and assessment purposes at UWA supports for their units. A demonstration minimum standards LMS unit is viewable at: http://www.lms
Minimum Energy Per Bit for Secret Key Acquisition Over Multipath Wireless Channels
Sayeed, Akbar M.
Minimum Energy Per Bit for Secret Key Acquisition Over Multipath Wireless Channels Tzu-Han Chou the secret key capacity. We analyze the low-SNR regime to quantify the minimum energy per secret key bit of conventional channel capacity, there is a non-zero SNR that achieves the minimum energy per key bit. A time
Johansson, Karl Henrik
IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON WIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS, VOL. 8, NO. 2, FEBRUARY 2009 985 Minimum Energy for accurate comparison of minimum energy coding in Coded Division Mul- tiple Access (CDMA) Wireless Sensor efficient than ME only for short codewords. Index Terms--Wireless sensor network (WSNs), minimum energy
Laminar-Turbulent Transition: Calculation of Minimum Critical Reynolds Number in Channel Flow
Laminar-Turbulent Transition: Calculation of Minimum Critical Reynolds Number in Channel Flow) for laminar-turbulent transition in pipe and channel flows. For pipe flow, the minimum critical Reynolds laminar to turbulent flow Rc2 Rc from turbulent to laminar flow Rc(min) minimum Rc Re Reynolds number = UH
Analysis of Minimum Cost in Shape-Optimized Litz-Wire Inductor Windings
Analysis of Minimum Cost in Shape-Optimized Litz-Wire Inductor Windings C. R. Sullivan J. D. Mc the IEEE. #12;Analysis of Minimum Cost in Shape-Optimized Litz-Wire Inductor Windings Charles R. Sullivan://engineering.dartmouth.edu/inductor Abstract--Litz-wire windings for gapped inductors are optimized for minimum cost within a loss constraint
Does the current minimum validate (or invalidate) cycle prediction methods?
Hathaway, David H
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This deep, extended solar minimum and the slow start to Cycle 24 strongly suggest that Cycle 24 will be a small cycle. A wide array of solar cycle prediction techniques have been applied to predicting the amplitude of Cycle 24 with widely different results. Current conditions and new observations indicate that some highly regarded techniques now appear to have doubtful utility. Geomagnetic precursors have been reliable in the past and can be tested with 12 cycles of data. Of the three primary geomagnetic precursors only one (the minimum level of geomagnetic activity) suggests a small cycle. The Sun's polar field strength has also been used to successfully predict the last three cycles. The current weak polar fields are indicative of a small cycle. For the first time, dynamo models have been used to predict the size of a solar cycle but with opposite predictions depending on the model and the data assimilation. However, new measurements of the surface meridional flow indicate that the flow was substantially fa...
7.15.09, Page 1 of 1 What You Should Know about Tuition and Fees in 2009-10
Karsai, Istvan
at ETSU in 2009-10? Starting this fall, ETSU and all other Tennessee Board of Regents institutions other fees will students pay in 2009-10? In addition to tuition, students will pay ETSU's program will owe this fall? You can use ETSU's tuition calculator to determine your costs this fall based
The Prediction of the Maximum Modes of Decay of Mesons
Ramanna, R
1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
In an earlier work, several properties of fundamental particles were brought together by a simple equation based on continuity and discreteness. It is shown here, that the maximum modes of decay of all fundamental particles can also be predicted without any arbitrary parameters. The method used is to break up the mean lifetimes of particles to obtain the maximum modes of decay. This is done by using a binary expansion of $\\hbar/MT$ where M is the mass of the particle and T is the mean lifetime. The agreements between that obtained from theory and experiment are remarkable. The ordering of the flavours plays an important part in understanding the reasons for this agreement. It is shown that the Zeno effect in Quantum mechanics is connected with use of the binary series.
The Prediction of the Maximum Modes of Decay of Mesons
Raja Ramanna
1999-04-27T23:59:59.000Z
In an earlier work, several properties of fundamental particles were brought together by a simple equation based on continuity and discreteness. It is shown here, that the maximum modes of decay of all fundamental particles can also be predicted without any arbitrary parameters. The method used is to break up the mean lifetimes of particles to obtain the maximum modes of decay. This is done by using a binary expansion of $\\hbar/MT$ where M is the mass of the particle and T is the mean lifetime. The agreements between that obtained from theory and experiment are remarkable. The ordering of the flavours plays an important part in understanding the reasons for this agreement. It is shown that the Zeno effect in Quantum mechanics is connected with use of the binary series.
Maximum Entropy Principle and the Higgs Boson Mass
Alves, Alexandre; da Silva, Roberto
2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A successful connection between Higgs boson decays and the Maximum Entropy Principle is presented. Based on the information theory inference approach we determine the Higgs boson mass as $M_H= 125.04\\pm 0.25$ GeV, a value fully compatible to the LHC measurement. This is straightforwardly obtained by taking the Higgs boson branching ratios as the target probability distributions of the inference, without any extra assumptions beyond the Standard Model. Yet, the principle can be a powerful tool in the construction of any model affecting the Higgs sector. We give, as an example, the case where the Higgs boson has an extra invisible decay channel. Our findings suggest that a system of Higgs bosons undergoing a collective decay to Standard Model particles is among the most fundamental ones where the Maximum Entropy Principle applies.
Maximum Entropy Principle and the Higgs Boson Mass
Alexandre Alves; Alex G. Dias; Roberto da Silva
2014-11-18T23:59:59.000Z
A successful connection between Higgs boson decays and the Maximum Entropy Principle is presented. Based on the information theory inference approach we determine the Higgs boson mass as $M_H= 125.04\\pm 0.25$ GeV, a value fully compatible to the LHC measurement. This is straightforwardly obtained by taking the Higgs boson branching ratios as the target probability distributions of the inference, without any extra assumptions beyond the Standard Model. Yet, the principle can be a powerful tool in the construction of any model affecting the Higgs sector. We give, as an example, the case where the Higgs boson has an extra invisible decay channel. Our findings suggest that a system of Higgs bosons undergoing a collective decay to Standard Model particles is among the most fundamental ones where the Maximum Entropy Principle applies.
in climate models. The approach was to freeze an icebreaker into the pack ice and drift for a year makingReflections on a record minimum The numbers are in 2012 broke the record for minimum sea ice extent and is still heading down (see Figure 1). The sea ice extent data tell an unequivocal story of ice
Maximum total organic carbon limit for DWPF melter feed
Choi, A.S.
1995-03-13T23:59:59.000Z
DWPF recently decided to control the potential flammability of melter off-gas by limiting the total carbon content in the melter feed and maintaining adequate conditions for combustion in the melter plenum. With this new strategy, all the LFL analyzers and associated interlocks and alarms were removed from both the primary and backup melter off-gas systems. Subsequently, D. Iverson of DWPF- T{ampersand}E requested that SRTC determine the maximum allowable total organic carbon (TOC) content in the melter feed which can be implemented as part of the Process Requirements for melter feed preparation (PR-S04). The maximum TOC limit thus determined in this study was about 24,000 ppm on an aqueous slurry basis. At the TOC levels below this, the peak concentration of combustible components in the quenched off-gas will not exceed 60 percent of the LFL during off-gas surges of magnitudes up to three times nominal, provided that the melter plenum temperature and the air purge rate to the BUFC are monitored and controlled above 650 degrees C and 220 lb/hr, respectively. Appropriate interlocks should discontinue the feeding when one or both of these conditions are not met. Both the magnitude and duration of an off-gas surge have a major impact on the maximum TOC limit, since they directly affect the melter plenum temperature and combustion. Although the data obtained during recent DWPF melter startup tests showed that the peak magnitude of a surge can be greater than three times nominal, the observed duration was considerably shorter, on the order of several seconds. The long surge duration assumed in this study has a greater impact on the plenum temperature than the peak magnitude, thus making the maximum TOC estimate conservative. Two models were used to make the necessary calculations to determine the TOC limit.
Max '91: flare research at the next solar maximum
Dennis, B.; Canfield, R.; Bruner, M.; Emslie, G.; Hildner, E.; Hudson, H.; Hurford, G.; Lin, R.; Novick, R.; Tarbell, T.
1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
To address the central scientific questions surrounding solar flares, coordinated observations of electromagnetic radiation and energetic particles must be made from spacecraft, balloons, rockets, and ground-based observatories. A program to enhance capabilities in these areas in preparation for the next solar maximum in 1991 is recommended. The major scientific issues are described, and required observations and coordination of observations and analyses are detailed. A program plan and conceptual budgets are provided.
Maximum entanglement in squeezed boson and fermion states
Khanna, F. C. [Theoretical Physics Institute, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 2J1 (Canada); TRIUMF, Vancouver, British Columbia V6T 2A3 (Canada); Malbouisson, J. M. C. [Instituto de Fisica, Universidade Federal da Bahia, 40210-340, Salvador, BA (Brazil); Theoretical Physics Institute, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 2J1 (Canada); Santana, A. E. [Instituto de Fisica, Universidade de Brasilia, 70910-900, Brasilia, DF (Brazil); Theoretical Physics Institute, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 2J1 (Canada); Santos, E. S. [Centro Federal de Educacao Tecnologica da Bahia, 40030-010, Salvador, BA (Brazil)
2007-08-15T23:59:59.000Z
A class of squeezed boson and fermion states is studied with particular emphasis on the nature of entanglement. We first investigate the case of bosons, considering two-mode squeezed states. Then we construct the fermion version to show that such states are maximum entangled, for both bosons and fermions. To achieve these results, we demonstrate some relations involving squeezed boson states. The generalization to the case of fermions is made by using Grassmann variables.
PNNL: A Supervised Maximum Entropy Approach to Word Sense Disambiguation
Tratz, Stephen C.; Sanfilippo, Antonio P.; Gregory, Michelle L.; Chappell, Alan R.; Posse, Christian; Whitney, Paul D.
2007-06-23T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper, we described the PNNL Word Sense Disambiguation system as applied to the English All-Word task in Se-mEval 2007. We use a supervised learning approach, employing a large number of features and using Information Gain for dimension reduction. Our Maximum Entropy approach combined with a rich set of features produced results that are significantly better than baseline and are the highest F-score for the fined-grained English All-Words subtask.
Maximum patch method for directional dark matter detection
Henderson, Shawn; Monroe, Jocelyn; Fisher, Peter [Department of Physics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139 (United States); Laboratory for Nuclear Science, MIT Kavli Institute for Astrophysics and Space Research, Department of Physics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139 (United States)
2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z
Present and planned dark matter detection experiments search for WIMP-induced nuclear recoils in poorly known background conditions. In this environment, the maximum gap statistical method provides a way of setting more sensitive cross section upper limits by incorporating known signal information. We give a recipe for the numerical calculation of upper limits for planned directional dark matter detection experiments, that will measure both recoil energy and angle, based on the gaps between events in two-dimensional phase space.
Maximum entropy method for reconstruction of the CMB images
A. T. Bajkova
2002-05-21T23:59:59.000Z
We propose a new approach for the accurate reconstruction of cosmic microwave background distributions from observations containing in addition to the primary fluctuations the radiation from unresolved extragalactic point sources and pixel noise. The approach uses some effective realizations of the well-known maximum entropy method and principally takes into account {\\it a priori} information about finiteness and spherical symmetry of the power spectrum of the CMB satisfying the Gaussian statistics.
Maximum Entry and Mandatory Separation Ages for Certain Security Employees
Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]
2001-10-11T23:59:59.000Z
The policy establishes the DOE policy on maximum entry and mandatory separation ages for primary or secondary positions covered under special statutory retirement provisions and for those employees whose primary duties are the protection of officials of the United States against threats to personal safety or the investigation, apprehension, and detention of individuals suspected or convicted of offenses against the criminal laws of the United States. Admin Chg 1, dated 12-1-11, cancels DOE P 310.1.
Maximum Power Transfer Tracking for a Photovoltaic-Supercapacitor Energy System
Pedram, Massoud
Maximum Power Transfer Tracking for a Photovoltaic-Supercapacitor Energy System Younghyun KimPconverter Ppv Pcharge Varying Pleak PV array Supercapacitor Figure 1: Photovoltaic-supercapacitor energy system Keywords Maximum power transfer tracking, Photovoltaic, Supercapacitor 1. INTRODUCTION Maximum energy
On Hastings' counterexamples to the minimum output entropy additivity conjecture
Fernando G. S. L. Brandao; Michal Horodecki
2009-07-19T23:59:59.000Z
Hastings recently reported a randomized construction of channels violating the minimum output entropy additivity conjecture. Here we revisit his argument, presenting a simplified proof. In particular, we do not resort to the exact probability distribution of the Schmidt coefficients of a random bipartite pure state, as in the original proof, but rather derive the necessary large deviation bounds by a concentration of measure argument. Furthermore, we prove non-additivity for the overwhelming majority of channels consisting of a Haar random isometry followed by partial trace over the environment, for an environment dimension much bigger than the output dimension. This makes Hastings' original reasoning clearer and extends the class of channels for which additivity can be shown to be violated.
Neutrino Mixing and Masses from a Minimum Principle
Alonso, R; Isidori, G; Maiani, L
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We analyze the structure of quark and lepton mass matrices under the hypothesis that they are determined from a minimum principle applied to a generic potential invariant under the $[SU(3)]^5\\otimes {\\mathcal O}(3)$ flavor symmetry, acting on Standard Model fermions and right-handed neutrinos. Unlike the quark case, we show that hierarchical masses for charged leptons are naturally accompanied by degenerate Majorana neutrinos with one angle close to maximal, a second potentially large, a third one necessarily small, and precise values for the two Majorana phases. Adding small perturbations the predicted structure for the neutrino mass matrix is in excellent agreement with present observations and could be tested in the near future via neutrino-less double beta decay. The generalization of these results to arbitrary sew-saw models is also discussed.
Sultenfuss, Sherry D.
2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z
Ranching communities in Texas have long recognized fee hunting as a natural resource with the potential of directly affecting agricultural incomes. Hunting as an industry today, appears to be developing into an economic ...
NONE
1996-01-08T23:59:59.000Z
The document describes the critical outcomes, objectives, performance indicators, expected levels of performance, specific detail on incentive fee, and agreements concerning the evaluation of the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory`s FY 1996 Self-Assessment. This information will be the basis for the evaluation of the Laboratory`s performance as required by Articles H-24 and H-25 of the Contract. For the period October 1, 1995 through September 30, 1996, the Parties have agreed to measure and evaluate the individual areas of Laboratory activities identified herein. This reflects the fact that the Contractor will be evaluated on two dimensions, namely (1) accomplishment of critical outcomes and (2) the effectiveness of the Contractor`s self-assessment program. Each area will receive its own evaluation rating and they will be combined to determined an overall rating with the first area weighted at 75% and the second area weighted at 25%.
Conductivity maximum in a charged colloidal suspension (Journal Article) |
Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports to3,1,50022,3,,0,,6,1,Separation 23TribalInformationConference: CatalyticSignaturesSciTech Connect Conductivity maximum in a
Conductivity maximum in a charged colloidal suspension (Journal Article) |
Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports to3,1,50022,3,,0,,6,1,Separation 23TribalInformationConference: CatalyticSignaturesSciTech Connect Conductivity maximum in
Better Nonlinear Models from Noisy Data: Attractors with Maximum Likelihood
Patrick E. McSharry; Leonard A. Smith
1999-11-30T23:59:59.000Z
A new approach to nonlinear modelling is presented which, by incorporating the global behaviour of the model, lifts shortcomings of both least squares and total least squares parameter estimates. Although ubiquitous in practice, a least squares approach is fundamentally flawed in that it assumes independent, normally distributed (IND) forecast errors: nonlinear models will not yield IND errors even if the noise is IND. A new cost function is obtained via the maximum likelihood principle; superior results are illustrated both for small data sets and infinitely long data streams.
Maximum likelihood method for cross-correlations with astrophysical sources
Jansson, Ronnie; Farrar, Glennys R, E-mail: rj486@nyu.edu, E-mail: gf25@nyu.edu [Center for Cosmology and Particle Physics, Department of Physics, New York University, New York, NY 10003 (United States)
2008-06-15T23:59:59.000Z
We generalize the maximum likelihood-type method used to study cross-correlations between a catalog of candidate astrophysical sources and ultrahigh energy cosmic rays (UHECRs), to allow for differing source luminosities. The new method is applicable to any sparse dataset such as UHE gamma rays or astrophysical neutrinos. Performance of the original and generalized techniques is evaluated in simulations of various scenarios. Applying the new technique to data, we find an excess correlation of about nine events between HiRes UHECRs and known BLLacs, with a 6 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup -5} probability of such a correlation arising by chance.
Generalized Maximum Likelihood Method for Ultrahigh Energy Cosmic Rays
Glennys R. Farrar
2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z
The Maximum Likelihood Method is generalized to include effects important for UHECR applications. The new approach can incorporate source distance constraints implied by the observed CR energy and can allow for energy uncertainties, possible deflection in magnetic fields, multiple source types, and a spectrum of CR composition. It can be efficiently implemented and does not require the unphysical "isotropic" assumption for unidentified sources. The approach optimizes the utility of UHECR data to discriminate between source classes and can help constrain galactic and extragalactic magnetic fields. Aspects of the method are directly applicable in other contexts, such as TeV gamma ray astrophysics.
Maximum Likelihood Method for Cross Correlations with Astrophysical Sources
Ronnie Jansson; Glennys R. Farrar
2008-06-18T23:59:59.000Z
We generalize the Maximum Likelihood-type method used to study cross correlations between a catalog of candidate astrophysical sources and Ultrahigh Energy Cosmic Rays (UHECRs), to allow for differing source luminosities. The new method is applicable to any sparse data set such as UHE gamma rays or astrophysical neutrinos. Performance of the original and generalized techniques is evaluated in simulations of various scenarios. Applying the new technique to data, we find an excess correlation of about 9 events between HiRes UHECRs and known BLLacs, with a 6*10^-5 probability of such a correlation arising by chance.
Yang Ma; Xing-Gang Wu; Hong-Hao Ma; Hua-Yong Han
2015-03-17T23:59:59.000Z
As one of the key components of perturbative QCD theory, it is helpful to find a systematic and reliable way to set the renormalization scale for a high-energy process. The conventional treatment is to take a typical momentum as the renormalization scale, which assigns an arbitrary range and an arbitrary systematic error to pQCD predictions, leading to the well-known renormalization scheme and scale ambiguities. As a practical solution for such scale setting problem, the "Principle of Minimum Sensitivity" (PMS), has been proposed in the literature. The PMS suggests to determine an optimal scale for the pQCD approximant of an observable by requiring its slope over the scheme and scale changes to vanish. In the paper, we present a detailed discussion on general properties of PMS by utilizing three quantities $R_{e^+e^-}$, $R_\\tau$ and $\\Gamma(H\\rightarrow b\\bar{b})$ up to four-loop QCD corrections. After applying the PMS, the accuracy of pQCD prediction, the pQCD convergence, the pQCD predictive power and etc., have been discussed. Furthermore, we compare PMS with another fundamental scale setting approach, i.e. the Principle of Maximum Conformality (PMC)... Our results show that PMS does provide a practical way to set the effective scale for high-energy process, and the PMS prediction agrees with the PMC one by including enough high-order QCD corrections, both of which shall be more accurate than the prediction under the conventional scale setting. However, the PMS pQCD convergence is an accidental, which usually fails to achieve a correct prediction of unknown high-order contributions with next-to-leading order QCD correction only, i.e. it is always far from the "true" values predicted by including more high-order contributions.
Thermodynamics of Maximum Transition Entropy for Quantum Assemblies
David M. Rogers
2015-03-27T23:59:59.000Z
This work presents a general unifying theoretical framework for quantum non-equilibrium systems. It is based on a re-statement of the dynamical problem as one of inferring the distribution of collision events that move a system toward thermal equilibrium from an arbitrary starting distribution. Using a form based on maximum entropy for this transition distribution leads to a statistical description of open quantum systems with strong parallels to the conventional, maximum-entropy, equilibrium thermostatics. A precise form of the second law of thermodynamics can be stated for this dynamics at every time-point in a trajectory. Numerical results are presented for low-dimensional systems interacting with cavity fields. The dynamics and stationary state are compared to a reference model of a weakly coupled oscillator plus cavity supersystem thermostatted by periodic partial measurements. Despite the absence of an explicit cavity in the present model of open quantum dynamics, both the relaxation rates and stationary state properties closely match the reference. Additionally, the time-course of energy exchange and entropy increase is given throughout an entire measurement process for a single spin system. The results show the process to be capable of initially absorbing heat when starting from a superposition state, but not from an isotropic distribution. Based on these results, it is argued that logical inference in the presence of environmental noise is sufficient to resolve the paradox of wavefunction collapse.
Minimum-Bias and Early QCD Physics in ALICE
Jan Fiete Grosse-Oetringhaus; for the ALICE collaboration
2010-10-12T23:59:59.000Z
A Large Ion Collider Experiment (ALICE) is the dedicated heavy-ion experiment at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). In addition to its heavy-ion physics program, it also has a rich proton-proton physics program benefiting from a detector with a low momentum cut-off (pT about 50 MeV/c) and a small material budget (about 11% of a radiation length until the outer wall of the main tracking detector, the Time-Projection Chamber). ALICE has excellent means of particle identification (PID) with methods ranging from specific energy loss and time of flight to transition and Cherenkov radiation. The good primary and secondary vertex resolution allows for measurements of strangeness and heavy flavor with low backgrounds. ALICE has taken proton-proton collision data at 0.9, 2.36, and 7 TeV. In this article results of the first minimum-bias and soft-QCD measurements are presented. Inclusive pseudorapidity, multiplicity, and transverse momentum distributions are discussed as well as distributions of identified particles including strange particles. Further, results on two-pion Bose-Einstein correlations and the antiproton-to-proton ratio in collisions at the LHC are shown.
Determination of the minimum reflux for conventional columns
Anthony, Rayford G
1962-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
in functional nota- tion to give c P (y) = T Bi i=1 I - 'l(K -I) si (27) where, X = (b )co/B. y=V /B. s The graph of this function is similar to that shown for P (y). r The maximum value of 'f is given by 1 max. K (28) It is necessary...- I r (30a) (3 Ob) Vf = Lf + D Vf ~ Lf I -B (30c) (30d) V ~L -B f+I & I & s+I (note: L ~L ) s-1 s (30e) Intercoolers (or heaters) were placed on a plate j if the value of L calculated on the basis of adiabatic operation of plate j differed...
IDAPA 37.03.03 - Rules and Minimum Standards for the Construction...
03 - Rules and Minimum Standards for the Construction and Use of Injection Wells Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document-...
Michalek, Jeremy J.
for Minimum Greenhouse Gas Emissions Submitted for Presentation at the 2011 Annual Meeting to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from personal transportation by shifting energy demand from
Martinez, Tony R.
Job Postings 121610 The question was raised about the minimum time a position should remain: EXTERNAL JOB POSTINGS1, 2 · Staff one week minimum · Administrative two weeks minimum · Faculty two weeks minimum 1 The recruitment process for EXTERNAL job postings may be opened to: all
Improved Maximum Entropy Analysis with an Extended Search Space
Alexander Rothkopf
2013-01-07T23:59:59.000Z
The standard implementation of the Maximum Entropy Method (MEM) follows Bryan and deploys a Singular Value Decomposition (SVD) to limit the dimensionality of the underlying solution space apriori. Here we present arguments based on the shape of the SVD basis functions and numerical evidence from a mock data analysis, which show that the correct Bayesian solution is not in general recovered with this approach. As a remedy we propose to extend the search basis systematically, which will eventually recover the full solution space and the correct solution. In order to adequately approach problems where an exponentially damped kernel is used, we provide an open-source implementation, using the C/C++ language that utilizes high precision arithmetic adjustable at run-time. The LBFGS algorithm is included in the code in order to attack problems without the need to resort to a particular search space restriction.
Speech processing using conditional observable maximum likelihood continuity mapping
Hogden, John; Nix, David
2004-01-13T23:59:59.000Z
A computer implemented method enables the recognition of speech and speech characteristics. Parameters are initialized of first probability density functions that map between the symbols in the vocabulary of one or more sequences of speech codes that represent speech sounds and a continuity map. Parameters are also initialized of second probability density functions that map between the elements in the vocabulary of one or more desired sequences of speech transcription symbols and the continuity map. The parameters of the probability density functions are then trained to maximize the probabilities of the desired sequences of speech-transcription symbols. A new sequence of speech codes is then input to the continuity map having the trained first and second probability function parameters. A smooth path is identified on the continuity map that has the maximum probability for the new sequence of speech codes. The probability of each speech transcription symbol for each input speech code can then be output.
Probable maximum flood control; Yucca Mountain Site Characterization Project
DeGabriele, C.E.; Wu, C.L. [Bechtel National, Inc., San Francisco, CA (United States)
1991-11-01T23:59:59.000Z
This study proposes preliminary design concepts to protect the waste-handling facilities and all shaft and ramp entries to the underground from the probable maximum flood (PMF) in the current design configuration for the proposed Nevada Nuclear Waste Storage Investigation (NNWSI) repository protection provisions were furnished by the United States Bureau of Reclamation (USSR) or developed from USSR data. Proposed flood protection provisions include site grading, drainage channels, and diversion dikes. Figures are provided to show these proposed flood protection provisions at each area investigated. These areas are the central surface facilities (including the waste-handling building and waste treatment building), tuff ramp portal, waste ramp portal, men-and-materials shaft, emplacement exhaust shaft, and exploratory shafts facility.
Efficiency at maximum power of a chemical engine
Hooyberghs, Hans; Salazar, Alberto; Indekeu, Joseph O; Broeck, Christian Van den
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A cyclically operating chemical engine is considered that converts chemical energy into mechanical work. The working fluid is a gas of finite-sized spherical particles interacting through elastic hard collisions. For a generic transport law for particle uptake and release, the efficiency at maximum power $\\eta$ takes the form 1/2+c\\Delta \\mu + O(\\Delta \\mu^2), with 1/2 a universal constant and $\\Delta \\mu$ the chemical potential difference between the particle reservoirs. The linear coefficient c is zero for engines featuring a so-called left/right symmetry or particle fluxes that are antisymmetric in the applied chemical potential difference. Remarkably, the leading constant in $\\eta$ is non-universal with respect to an exceptional modification of the transport law. For a nonlinear transport model we obtain \\eta = 1/(\\theta +1), with \\theta >0 the power of $\\Delta \\mu$ in the transport equation
Wisconsin at Madison, University of
like the H1N1 FlashVax clinic are covered by segregated fees, but, when the unexpected happens, we rely
Cooperative Repair with Minimum-Storage Regenerating Codes for Distributed Storage
Li, Baochun
Cooperative Repair with Minimum-Storage Regenerating Codes for Distributed Storage Jun Li, Baochun--Distributed storage systems store redundant data to tolerate failures of storage nodes and lost data should be repaired when storage nodes fail. A class of MDS codes, called minimum- storage regenerating (MSR) codes
Reduction of Ultrametric Minimum Cost Spanning Tree Games to Cost Allocation Games on Rooted
RIMS-1674 Reduction of Ultrametric Minimum Cost Spanning Tree Games to Cost Allocation Games Allocation Games on Rooted Trees Kazutoshi Ando and Shinji Kato June 2009 Abstract A minimum cost spanning tree game is called ultrametric if the cost function on the edges of the underlying network
Reduction of Ultrametric Minimum Cost Spanning Tree Games to Cost Allocation Games on Rooted
RIMS1674 Reduction of Ultrametric Minimum Cost Spanning Tree Games to Cost Allocation Games Allocation Games on Rooted Trees Kazutoshi Ando # and Shinji Kato + June 2009 Abstract A minimum cost spanning tree game is called ultrametric if the cost function on the edges of the underlying network
Changes in the Ventilation of the Oxygen Minimum Zone of the Tropical North Atlantic
Changes in the Ventilation of the Oxygen Minimum Zone of the Tropical North Atlantic PETER BRANDT) ABSTRACT Changes in the ventilation of the oxygen minimum zone (OMZ) of the tropical North Atlantic centimeters per second in the depth range of the OMZ contribute to the ventilation of the OMZ. A conceptual
A simple model for evolution of proteins towards the global minimum of free energy
Unger, Ron
in a simple model of protein folding. Results: Three possible evolutionary processes are explored. First can be achieved. The assumption that proteins fold to a conformation which is in the global minimum sequences that can find the global minimum [5]. In computer science terms this means that `protein folding
Two-Point Boundary Value Problems for Curves: The Case of Minimum Free Energy Paths
Skeel, Robert
Two-Point Boundary Value Problems for Curves: The Case of Minimum Free Energy Paths corrected.S.A. Abstract The calculation of a minimum free energy path can be considered as a two-point boundary value box solvers. The second paragraph of Section 1 is corrected. Because free energy is defined in terms
Minimum-Energy Topology Control Algorithms in Ad Hoc Joseph Y. Halpern Li (Erran) Li
Halpern, Joseph Y.
for an extended period of time. In order to accomplish this without a renewable energy source, energy conservationMinimum-Energy Topology Control Algorithms in Ad Hoc Networks1 Joseph Y. Halpern Li (Erran) Li Dept Holmdel, NJ 07733 halpern@cs.cornell.edu erranlli@dnrc.bell-labs.com August 7, 2004 1 Based on "Minimum-Energy
Minimum-Energy Broadcast Using Practical Directional Antennas in All-Wireless Networks
Hu, Y. Charlie
Minimum-Energy Broadcast Using Practical Directional Antennas in All-Wireless Networks Sabyasachi ad hoc networks. Previously, minimum-energy broadcast that exploits the broadcast nature of radio not be within direct transmis- sion range of each other. Such decentralized networks can enable flexible
Minimum-Energy Broadcast Using Practical Directional Antennas in All-Wireless Networks
Li, Xiang-Yang
Minimum-Energy Broadcast Using Practical Directional Antennas in All-Wireless Networks Sabyasachi-- Energy-efficient broadcast communication is an important problem in wireless ad hoc networks. Previously, minimum-energy broadcast that exploits the broadcast nature of radio transmission has been studied
Non-Additivity of Minimum Output p-$\\mathbf{R\\acute{e}nyi}$ Entropy
Nengkun Yu; Mingsheng Ying
2012-12-24T23:59:59.000Z
Hastings disproved additivity conjecture for minimum output entropy by using random unitary channels. In this note, we employ his approach to show that minimum output $p-$R\\'{e}nyi entropy is non-additive for $p\\in(0,p_0)\\cup(1-p_0,1)$ where $p_0\\approx 0.2855$.
Minimum-Energy Cooperative Routing in Wireless Networks with Channel Variations
Ghaderi, Majid
Minimum-Energy Cooperative Routing in Wireless Networks with Channel Variations Mostafa Dehghan as well. Index Terms Cooperative communication, minimum energy routing, variable wireless channels@ucalgary.ca #12;1 I. INTRODUCTION Energy efficient communication is a fundamental problem in wireless networks
Minimum Duration Outages in Rayleigh Fading Channels Jie Lai and Narayan B. Mandayam
Mandayam, Narayan
Minimum Duration Outages in Rayleigh Fading Channels Jie Lai and Narayan B. Mandayam WINLAB@winlab.rutgers.edu Abstract Minimum duration outages have been introduced in [1, 2] for lognormal shadow fading where the durations of signal fades were considered in evaluating outages. In this pa per we develop and analyze
Minimum Energy per Bit for Gaussian Broadcast Channels with Common Message and Cooperating
Verdú, Sergio
Minimum Energy per Bit for Gaussian Broadcast Channels with Common Message and Cooperating destination nodes over a wireless medium. The destination nodes can cooperate over bidirectional wireless links. We study the minimum energy per information bit for this setup when there is no constraint
MATH MINOR REQUIREMENTS Minimum units required: 18 (2012-2014 catalogs)
Fatkullin, Ibrahim
MATH MINOR REQUIREMENTS Minimum units required: 18 (2012-2014 catalogs) (at least 3 units must be completed at UA) Minimum minor GPA: 2.00 Course Work Requirements: · Complete both: o MATH 122A/B or 125: Calculus I o MATH 129: Calculus II · Choose two courses from: o MATH 313: Introduction to Linear Algebra
Determining the minimum mass and cost of a magnetic refrigerator
Bjørk, R; Bahl, C R H; Pryds, N
2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
An expression is determined for the mass of the magnet and magnetocaloric material needed for a magnetic refrigerator and these are determined using numerical modeling for both parallel plate and packed sphere bed regenerators as function of temperature span and cooling power. As magnetocaloric material Gd or a model material with a constant adiabatic temperature change, representing a infinitely linearly graded refrigeration device, is used. For the magnet a maximum figure of merit magnet or a Halbach cylinder is used. For a cost of \\$40 and \\$20 per kg for the magnet and magnetocaloric material, respectively, the cheapest 100 W parallel plate refrigerator with a temperature span of 20 K using Gd and a Halbach magnet has 0.8 kg of magnet, 0.3 kg of Gd and a cost of \\$35. Using the constant material reduces this cost to \\$25. A packed sphere bed refrigerator with the constant material costs \\$7. It is also shown that increasing the operation frequency reduces the cost. Finally, the lowest cost is also found a...
Tax advantages of a deferred minimum annual royalty provision in oil and gas leases
Martin, R.B. Jr.
1981-12-01T23:59:59.000Z
This article describes how a deferred minimum annual royalty provision can serve to meet conflicting economic demands without adverse tax consequences. A deferred minimum annual royalty provision is an economic hybrid of a production royalty and a lease bonus. To a lessor, it has the advantage of guaranteeing a minimum return without regard to production. It should also encourage prompt development of the lease since a lessee will desire to void incurring subsequent minimum annual royalties on unproductive acreage. To an accrual-basis lessee, it has greater tax advantages than a lease bonus because it is deductible in the year paid or incurred. Although it exposes the lessee to more economic risk, this risk can be reduced through proper planning. In appropriate circumstances, a deferred minimum annual-royalty provision may therefore be worthy of consideration by either or both parties in an oil- and gas-leasing transaction. 44 references.
Maximum Entropy Analysis of the Spectral Functions in Lattice QCD
M. Asakawa; T. Hatsuda; Y. Nakahara
2001-02-26T23:59:59.000Z
First principle calculation of the QCD spectral functions (SPFs) based on the lattice QCD simulations is reviewed. Special emphasis is placed on the Bayesian inference theory and the Maximum Entropy Method (MEM), which is a useful tool to extract SPFs from the imaginary-time correlation functions numerically obtained by the Monte Carlo method. Three important aspects of MEM are (i) it does not require a priori assumptions or parametrizations of SPFs, (ii) for given data, a unique solution is obtained if it exists, and (iii) the statistical significance of the solution can be quantitatively analyzed. The ability of MEM is explicitly demonstrated by using mock data as well as lattice QCD data. When applied to lattice data, MEM correctly reproduces the low-energy resonances and shows the existence of high-energy continuum in hadronic correlation functions. This opens up various possibilities for studying hadronic properties in QCD beyond the conventional way of analyzing the lattice data. Future problems to be studied by MEM in lattice QCD are also summarized.
Improved Maximum Entropy Method with an Extended Search Space
Alexander Rothkopf
2012-08-25T23:59:59.000Z
We report on an improvement to the implementation of the Maximum Entropy Method (MEM). It amounts to departing from the search space obtained through a singular value decomposition (SVD) of the Kernel. Based on the shape of the SVD basis functions we argue that the MEM spectrum for given $N_\\tau$ data-points $D(\\tau)$ and prior information $m(\\omega)$ does not in general lie in this $N_\\tau$ dimensional singular subspace. Systematically extending the search basis will eventually recover the full search space and the correct extremum. We illustrate this idea through a mock data analysis inspired by actual lattice spectra, to show where our improvement becomes essential for the success of the MEM. To remedy the shortcomings of Bryan's SVD prescription we propose to use the real Fourier basis, which consists of trigonometric functions. Not only does our approach lead to more stable numerical behavior, as the SVD is not required for the determination of the basis functions, but also the resolution of the MEM becomes independent from the position of the reconstructed peaks.
The Multi-Mission Maximum Likelihood framework (3ML)
Vianello, Giacomo; Younk, Patrick; Tibaldo, Luigi; Burgess, James M; Ayala, Hugo; Harding, Patrick; Hui, Michelle; Omodei, Nicola; Zhou, Hao
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Astrophysical sources are now observed by many different instruments at different wavelengths, from radio to high-energy gamma-rays, with an unprecedented quality. Putting all these data together to form a coherent view, however, is a very difficult task. Each instrument has its own data format, software and analysis procedure, which are difficult to combine. It is for example very challenging to perform a broadband fit of the energy spectrum of the source. The Multi-Mission Maximum Likelihood framework (3ML) aims to solve this issue, providing a common framework which allows for a coherent modeling of sources using all the available data, independent of their origin. At the same time, thanks to its architecture based on plug-ins, 3ML uses the existing official software of each instrument for the corresponding data in a way which is transparent to the user. 3ML is based on the likelihood formalism, in which a model summarizing our knowledge about a particular region of the sky is convolved with the instrument...
Maximum gravitational-wave energy emissible in magnetar flares
Alessandra Corsi; Benjamin J. Owen
2011-02-16T23:59:59.000Z
Recent searches of gravitational-wave (GW) data raise the question of what maximum GW energies could be emitted during gamma-ray flares of highly magnetized neutron stars (magnetars). The highest energies (\\sim 10^{49} erg) predicted so far come from a model [K. Ioka, Mon. Not. Roy. Astron. Soc. 327, 639 (2001)] in which the internal magnetic field of a magnetar experiences a global reconfiguration, changing the hydromagnetic equilibrium structure of the star and tapping the gravitational potential energy without changing the magnetic potential energy. The largest energies in this model assume very special conditions, including a large change in moment of inertia (which was observed in at most one flare), a very high internal magnetic field, and a very soft equation of state. Here we show that energies of 10^{48}-10^{49} erg are possible under more generic conditions by tapping the magnetic energy, and we note that similar energies may also be available through cracking of exotic solid cores. Current observational limits on gravitational waves from magnetar fundamental modes are just reaching these energies and will beat them in the era of advanced interferometers.
Maximum Power Point Tracking Control for Photovoltaic System Using Adaptive Neuro-Fuzzy
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
Maximum Power Point Tracking Control for Photovoltaic System Using Adaptive Neuro- Fuzzy "ANFIS energy demand. The mathematical modeling and simulation of the photovoltaic system is implemented) like ANFIS. This paper presents Maximum Power Point Tracking Control for Photovoltaic System Using
Laboratory-Based Maximum Slip Rates in Earthquake Rupture Zones and Radiated Energy
New Hampshire, University of
Laboratory-Based Maximum Slip Rates in Earthquake Rupture Zones and Radiated Energy by A. McGarr, J. B. Fletcher, M. Boettcher, N. Beeler, and J. Boatwright Abstract Laboratory stick-slip friction and the maximum slip rate. From laboratory results, the maximum slip rate for any crustal earthquake, as well
Hallam, Steven
2011-04-26T23:59:59.000Z
Steven Hallam of the University of British Columbia talks "From Fjords to Open Seas: Ecological Genomics of Expanding Oxygen Minimum Zones" on March 24, 2010 at the 5th Annual DOE JGI User Meeting
Fast Algorithms for Regularized Minimum Norm Solutions to Inverse Problems Irina F. Gorodnitsky
Gorodnitsky, Irina
Fast Algorithms for Regularized Minimum Norm Solutions to Inverse Problems Irina F. Gorodnitsky- tional algorithms for solving regularized inverse problems. The computationaladvantages are obtained. The algorithms imple- ment two common regularizationprocedures, Tikhonov reg- ularization and Truncated Singular
A Laser Range Scanner Designed for Minimum Calibration Complexity James Davis, Xing Chen
Stanford University
A Laser Range Scanner Designed for Minimum Calibration Complexity James Davis, Xing Chen Computer Graphics Lab, Stanford University {jedavis, xcchen}@graphics.stanford.edu Abstract Laser range scanners reduce the costs associated with calibration. 1 Introduction Laser triangulation scanners
Minimum Energy Consumption in Multicomponent Distillation. 2. Three-Product Petlyuk Arrangements
Skogestad, Sigurd
of Science and Technology, N-7491 Trondheim, Norway We show that the minimum energy requirement algebraic procedure, via expressions for pinch zone compositions at the connection points as functions
Chahar, B. R.
OF MINIMUM COST IRRIGATION CANAL SECTIONS By Prabhata K. Swamee,1 Govinda C. Mishra,2 and Bhagu R. Chahar3
Introducing Minimum Fisher Regularisation Tomography to Bolometric and Soft X-ray Diagnostic Systems of the COMPASS Tokamak
A study of the minimum meniscus radius as a function of vapor temperature using heat pipes
Sonnier, Ronald James
1973-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A STUDY OF THE MINIMUM MENISCUS RADIUS AS A FUNCTION OF VAPOR TEMPERATURE USING HEAT PIPES A Thesis by RONALD JAMES SONNIER Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree... MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1973 Major Subject: Mechanical Engineering A STUDY OF THE MINIMUM MENISCUS RADIUS AS A FUNCTION OF VAPOR TEMPERATURE USING HEAT PIPES A Thesis by RONALD JAMES SONNIER Approved as to style and content by: Chairman C ittee...
Van Den Eijnden, Eric
On-the-fly string method for minimum free energy paths calculation Luca Maragliano *, Eric Vanden and simplified version of the string method in collective variables for computing minimum free energy paths) the minimum free energy path (MFEP) plays an important role. Given a set of collective variables to describe
Park, W.M.
1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z
While volume-based user fees (VBUFs) may not be the most appropriate financing strategy for all rural areas, the experience of these rural counties and towns warrants the following inclusions. Implementation of VBUFs in a rural drop-off context appears feasible across a wide range of geographic and demographic conditions, as well as a wide range of system characteristics, without prohibitive administrative problems or costs. Most residents appear willing to support (or at least accept) VBUFs if they are well-informed of the need and logic in advance, and given reasonable options for gaining some measure of control over their total bill. Hybrid financing strategies allow per bag fees to be kept at modest levels. Support comes more easily if VBUFs are initiated at the time of a significant enhancement of the collection system. VBUFs within rural drop-off collection systems appear capable of motivating relatively high levels of participation in the separation of recyclables, and thus contributing to relatively high per capita generation rates for typical recyclables and county-wide diversion or recovery rates. At least minor problems with increased illegal dumping and burning can be expected, but a show of willingness to enforce ordinances against such practices can lead to fairly quick subsidence.
Wright, Dawn Jeannine
HsO Travel/Conference Fee Award Purpose: This award is given to students in residence (spending and degree sought; description of the student's previous service to HMSC and the HsO; conference name, location, dates, and whether presenting a poster or paper; number of conferences attended and presented
Little, Tony
The University of Stirling Vietnam Award This award offers a fee waiver of £1,000 for the first-time undergraduate or postgraduate (taught or research) degree. The University of Stirling wishes to offer this award at Stirling and add to our already diverse international community on campus. Students do not have to apply
Hutcheon, James M.
their operations, according to the results of a CASE survey on foundation funding sources and budget restructuring found to be underfunded in terms of operations. A major goal is to build the infrastructure needed structure to cover operations essential to the Foundation's overall operation. These fees were introduced
Two PhD studentships Payment of Home/EU Fees and a stipend of 20,000 per annum for 3 years
Two PhD studentships Payment of Home/EU Fees and a stipend of £20,000 per annum for 3 years We are offering two PhD studentships in improvement science. The first PhD focuses upon healthcare improvement methodology and the second PhD will address quality and safety of prescribing practice. These exciting three
Hutcheon, James M.
earned on restricted fixed-price or fee-for- service contracts: (1) timely and appropriate use; (2 expenditures. II. Policy Statement General Information A fixed-price agreement requires the university of defective pricing, and, if substantiated, the university could be subject to fines, penalties, and debarment
Zi-Niu Wu
2013-10-02T23:59:59.000Z
For many natural process of growth, with the growth rate independent of size due to Gibrat law and with the growth process following a log-normal distribution, the ratio between the time (D) for maximum value and the time (L) for maximum growth rate (inflexion point) is then equal to the square root of the base of the natural logarithm (e^{1/2}). On the logarithm scale this ratio becomes one half ((1/2)). It remains an open question, due to lack of complete data for various cases with restricted growth, whether this e^{1/2} ratio can be stated as e^{1/2}-Law. Two established examples already published, one for an epidemic spreading and one for droplet production, support however this ratio. Another example appears to be the height of humain body. For boys the maximum height occurs near 23 years old while the maximum growth rate is at the age near 14, and there ratio is close to e^{1/2}. The main theoretical base to obtain this conclusion is problem independent, provided the growth process is restricted, such as public intervention to control the spreading of communicable epidemics, so that an entropy is associated with the process and the role of dissipation, representing the mechanism of intervention, is maximized. Under this formulation the principle of maximum rate of entropy production is used to make the production process problem independent.
Efficiency at maximum power of low dissipation Carnot engines Massimiliano Esposito
Kawai, Ryoichi
Efficiency at maximum power of low dissipation Carnot engines Massimiliano Esposito Center the efficiency at maximum power, , of engines performing finite-time Carnot cycles between a hot and a cold reservoir at temperatures Th and Tc, respectively. For engines reaching Carnot efficiency C = 1 - Tc
Osterloh, Frank
Maximum Theoretical Efficiency Limit of Photovoltaic Devices: Effect of Band Structure on Excited a theoretical limit for the maximum energy conversion efficiency of single junction photovoltaic cells for the efficiency variations observed for real photovoltaic devices today.4-6 Here, we show that the extractable
Ranade, Abhiram G.
An Improved Maximum Likelihood Formulation for Accurate Genome Assembly Aditya Varma, Abhiram maximum likelihood method for genome assembly. We formulate the problem as one of direct convex estimate of the length of the genome or the need to use further expectation minimization to predict
Use of Two Distillation Columns in Systems with Maximum Temperature Limitations
Gilchrist, James F.
Use of Two Distillation Columns in Systems with Maximum Temperature Limitations Rebecca H. Masel, Pennsylvania 18015, United States ABSTRACT: Maximum temperature limitations are encountered in distillation of the bottoms product fixes the column base pressure and, hence, the condenser pressure. The distillate
MAXIMUM POWER ESTIMATION OF LITHIUM-ION BATTERIES ACCOUNTING FOR THERMAL AND ELECTRICAL CONSTRAINTS
Stefanopoulou, Anna
MAXIMUM POWER ESTIMATION OF LITHIUM-ION BATTERIES ACCOUNTING FOR THERMAL AND ELECTRICAL CONSTRAINTS on the maximum deliverable power is essential to protect lithium-ion batteries from over- charge Terminal voltage Voc Open circuit voltage of a battery 1 INTRODUCTION Lithium-ion batteries have been used
Wang, Yuqing
Energy Production, Frictional Dissipation, and Maximum Intensity of a Numerically Simulated is eventually dissipated due to surface friction. Since the energy production rate is a linear function while frictional dissipation rate balances the energy production rate near the radius of maximum wind (RMW
Wang, Yuqing
0 Energy Production, Frictional Dissipation, and Maximum Intensity of a Numerically Simulated is eventually dissipated due to surface friction. Since the energy production rate is a linear function while frictional dissipation rate balances the energy production rate near the radius of maximum wind (RMW
Maximum Power Transfer Tracking in a Solar USB Charger for Smartphones
Pedram, Massoud
Maximum Power Transfer Tracking in a Solar USB Charger for Smartphones Abstract--Battery life of commercial chargers using solar power have been developed. They focus on correct functionality, but system chargers do not perform the maximum power point tracking [2], [3] of the solar panel. We exclude
Counterexamples to additivity of minimum output p-Renyi entropy for p close to 0
Toby Cubitt; Aram W. Harrow; Debbie Leung; Ashley Montanaro; Andreas Winter
2008-02-14T23:59:59.000Z
Complementing recent progress on the additivity conjecture of quantum information theory, showing that the minimum output p-Renyi entropies of channels are not generally additive for p>1, we demonstrate here by a careful random selection argument that also at p=0, and consequently for sufficiently small p, there exist counterexamples. An explicit construction of two channels from 4 to 3 dimensions is given, which have non-multiplicative minimum output rank; for this pair of channels, numerics strongly suggest that the p-Renyi entropy is non-additive for all p additivity exist for all p<1.
Tadi?, Vladislav B
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This paper considers the asymptotic properties of the recursive maximum likelihood estimation in hidden Markov models. The paper is focused on the asymptotic behavior of the log-likelihood function and on the point-convergence and convergence rate of the recursive maximum likelihood estimator. Using the principle of analytical continuation, the analyticity of the asymptotic log-likelihood function is shown for analytically parameterized hidden Markov models. Relying on this fact and some results from differential geometry (Lojasiewicz inequality), the almost sure point-convergence of the recursive maximum likelihood algorithm is demonstrated, and relatively tight bounds on the convergence rate are derived. As opposed to the existing result on the asymptotic behavior of maximum likelihood estimation in hidden Markov models, the results of this paper are obtained without assuming that the log-likelihood function has an isolated maximum at which the Hessian is strictly negative definite.
Butler, Laurie J.
Emergency Room visits incur extra fee and are discouraged except in cases of clear emergency-Call: 773-702-3625 (after-hours emergency consultation) H W i C Twitter: @UChiwellness Facebook: University
A minimum-reaction-flux solution to master-equation models of protein folding
Weston, Ken
A minimum-reaction-flux solution to master-equation models of protein folding Huan-Xiang Zhoua; published online 20 May 2008 Master equations are widely used for modeling protein folding. Here- ceptual and quantitative models for protein folding.115 In such models, the conformational space
Jet Interaction and the Influence of a Minimum Phase Speed Bound on the Propagation of Eddies
Vallis, Geoff
Jet Interaction and the Influence of a Minimum Phase Speed Bound on the Propagation of Eddies and analogs of the midlatitude eddy-driven jet and the subtropical jet is investigated in a barotropic b-plane model. In the model the subtropical jet is generated by a relaxation process and the eddy-driven jet
An On-demand Minimum Energy Routing Protocol for a Wireless Ad Hoc Network
Telecommunications, University of Colorado , Boulder, CO, USA A minimum energy routing protocol reduces the energy is maxi- mized. While research continues to reduce the energy consumption for the CPU, user interface communication the- ory focuses on physical and link layer mechanisms for reducing energy consumption. Here we
An On-demand Minimum Energy Routing Protocol for a Wireless Ad Hoc Network
Brown, Timothy X.
of Interdisciplinary Telecommunications, University of Colorado , Boulder, CO, USA A minimum energy routing protocol reduces the energy consumption of the nodes in a wireless ad hoc network by routing packets on routes that the battery life is maximized. While re- search continues to reduce the energy consumption for the CPU, user
Minimum Bit Error Probability of Large Randomly Spread MCCDMA Systems in
MÃ¼ller, Ralf R.
Minimum Bit Error Probability of Large Randomly Spread MCÂCDMA Systems in Multipath Rayleigh Fading, to calculate the bit error probaÂ bility in the large system limit for randomly assigned spreading sequences detecÂ tion with is accurate if the number of users and the spreading factor are large. His calculations
Minimum Bit Error Probability of Large Randomly Spread MC-CDMA Systems in
MÃ¼ller, Ralf R.
Minimum Bit Error Probability of Large Randomly Spread MC-CDMA Systems in Multipath Rayleigh Fading, to calculate the bit error proba- bility in the large system limit for randomly assigned spreading sequences detec- tion with is accurate if the number of users and the spreading factor are large. His calculations
Design methodology for tracking certain and uncertain non-minimum phase systems
DeVoucalla, George David
1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A design methodology is developed for obtaining tracking controllers for non-minimum phase systems. The discussion centers around a solution for the error equation E(s) = [1- H(s)] Yd(S)'Tracking error is eliminated by making [1-H(s)] orthogonal...
Boundaries of the Peruvian Oxygen Minimum Zone shaped by coherent mesoscale dynamics
Bettencourt, João H; García, Emilio Hernández; Montes, Ivonne; Sudre, Joël; Dewitte, Boris; Paulmier, Aurélien; Garçon, Véronique
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Dissolved oxygen in sea water is a major factor affecting marine habitats and biogeochemical cycles. Oceanic zones with oxygen deficits represent significant portions of the area and volume of the oceans and are thought to be expanding. The Peruvian oxygen minimum zone is one of the most pronounced and lies in a region of strong mesoscale activity in the form of vortices and frontal regions, whose effect in the dynamics of the oxygen minimum zone is largely unknown. Here, we study this issue from a modeling approach and a Lagrangian point of view, using a coupled physical-biogeochemical simulation of the Peruvian oxygen minimum zone and finite-size Lyapunov exponent fields to understand the link between mesoscale dynamics and oxygen variations. Our results show that, at depths between 380 and 600 meters, mesoscale structures have a relevant dual role. First, their mean positions and paths delimit and maintain the oxygen minimum zone boundaries. Second, their high frequency fluctuations entrain oxygen across t...
A steady-state L-mode tokamak fusion reactor : large scale and minimum scale
Reed, Mark W. (Mark Wilbert)
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We perform extensive analysis on the physics of L-mode tokamak fusion reactors to identify (1) a favorable parameter space for a large scale steady-state reactor and (2) an operating point for a minimum scale steady-state ...
MINIMUM COST STRATEGIES FOR SEQUESTERING CARBON IN FORESTS Darius M. Adams
McCarl, Bruce A.
MINIMUM COST STRATEGIES FOR SEQUESTERING CARBON IN FORESTS Darius M. Adams Ralph J. Alig Bruce A the costs of meeting explicit targets for increments of carbon sequestered in forests when both forest management decisions and the area of forests can be varied. Costs are estimated as welfare losses in markets
Minimum-Cost Tolerance Allocation ADCATS Report No. 99-5
Minimum-Cost Tolerance Allocation ADCATS Report No. 99-5 Kenneth W. Chase Department of Mechanical-all cost of production, while meeting target levels for quality. Using allocation tools, a designer may re and loosening tolerances on costly processes, for a net reduction in cost. Several algorithms are described
Finding the Energy Efficient Curve: Gate Sizing for Minimum Power under Delay Constraints
Kolodny, Avinoam
Finding the Energy Efficient Curve: Gate Sizing for Minimum Power under Delay Constraints Yoni in a fast circuit by the same factor does not yield an energy-efficient design, and we characterize efficient. A design implementation is considered to be energy efficient when it has the highest performance
Bachelor of Arts with Major in Geology: Earth and Space Science (Minimum of 120 credits required)
Belogay, Eugene A.
Bachelor of Arts with Major in Geology: Earth and Space Science (Minimum of 120 credits required) The Bachelor of Arts (B.A.) degree in Geology (Earth Science) is designed for students planning professional 2053 & 2048L 5 College Algebra MAC 1105 3 Introductory Statistics STA 2023 3 Total 19 Geology (Earth
String method in collective variables: Minimum free energy paths and isocommittor surfaces
Van Den Eijnden, Eric
York University, New York, New York 10012 Giovanni Ciccottid INFM and Dipartimento di Fisica in the free energy. Provided that the number of collective variables is large enough, the new techniqueString method in collective variables: Minimum free energy paths and isocommittor surfaces Luca
Minimum Interference Channel Assignment in Multi-Radio Wireless Mesh Networks
Gupta, Himanshu
program and a linear program formulation of our optimization problem to obtain lower bounds on overall Mesh Networks, Channel Assignment, Graph Coloring, Interference, Mathe- matical Programming. I1 Minimum Interference Channel Assignment in Multi-Radio Wireless Mesh Networks Anand Prabhu
Integrated Column Designs for Minimum Energy and Entropy Requirements in Multicomponent Distillation
Skogestad, Sigurd
Distillation Ivar J. Halvorsen1 and Sigurd Skogestad Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Department at the Topical conference on Separations Technology, Session 23 - Distillation Modeling and Processes II. 2001 Column Designs for Minimum Energy and Entropy Requirements in Multicomponent Distillation Ivar J
Graphical Visualisation of Minimum Energy Requirements for Multi-Effect Distillation Arrangements
Skogestad, Sigurd
1 Graphical Visualisation of Minimum Energy Requirements for Multi-Effect Distillation Arrangements-integrated multi-effect and three non-integrated distillation arrangements for separating a ternary mixture have been considered. The focus of the paper is on a heat-integrated complex distillation configuration
Energy-Efficient Distributed Constructions of Minimum Spanning Tree for Wireless Ad-hoc
Khan, Maleq
1 Energy-Efficient Distributed Constructions of Minimum Spanning Tree for Wireless Ad-hoc Networks and energy efficient for being practical. Motivated by these considerations, we study the performance of a class of simple and local algorithms called Nearest Neighbor Tree (NNT) algorithms for energy
Guaranteed Minimum-Rank Solutions of Linear Matrix Equations via Nuclear Norm Minimization
Fazel, Maryam
Guaranteed Minimum-Rank Solutions of Linear Matrix Equations via Nuclear Norm Minimization Benjamin theory and practice. A recent heuristic introduced in [9] minimizes the nuclear norm over the affine subset. For an m × n matrix X, the nuclear norm is equal to the sum of the singular values of X X := r i
eVADER: A Perceptual Approach to Finding Minimum Warning Sound Requirements for Quiet Cars.
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
, such as hybrid and electric vehicles, to pedestrians has become an important issue for public policy [1], car a localization paradigm to test the detectability of hybrid and internal combustion cars by measuring listenereVADER: A Perceptual Approach to Finding Minimum Warning Sound Requirements for Quiet Cars. Ryan
A design solution to the problem of adaptive output regulation for nonlinear minimum-phase systems
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
in the spirit of the internal model principle, the control law needed to fulfill the regulation objective. In [3 regulation and solved by using an "hybrid" control strategy. In that paper it was emphasized how persistenceA design solution to the problem of adaptive output regulation for nonlinear minimum-phase systems
Spatial Price Equilibrium with Information Asymmetry in Quality Minimum Quality Standards
Nagurney, Anna
Nagurney1,2 , Dong Li1 , and Ladimer S. Nagurney3 1 Department of Operations and Information ManagementSpatial Price Equilibrium with Information Asymmetry in Quality and Minimum Quality Standards Anna Isenberg School of Management University of Massachusetts, Amherst, Massachusetts 01003 2 School
MATH MINOR REQUIREMENTS Minimum units required: 18 total, 6 upper-division (2015 catalog)
Fatkullin, Ibrahim
MATH MINOR REQUIREMENTS Minimum units required: 18 total, 6 upper-division (2015 catalog) (at least (AP credit is OK): o MATH 122A/B* or 125: Calculus I o MATH 129: Calculus II 2. Choose two courses from: o MATH 223: Vector Calculus o MATH 243: Discrete Mathematics in Computer Science o MATH 254
Bahrami, Majid
7-61 7-135 A Carnot refrigeration cycle is executed in a closed system with a fixed mass of R-134aJ/kg (Table A-12). Analysis The coefficient of performance of the cycle is T v 20q 4 3 1 2 QH QL -8qC and #12
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
The purpose of these rules is to protect public health and the environment by establishing minimum standards for the proper location, design, construction and maintenance of onsite wastewater...
The maximum efficiency of nano heat engines depends on more than temperature
Mischa P. Woods; Nelly Ng; Stephanie Wehner
2015-06-07T23:59:59.000Z
Sadi Carnot's theorem regarding the maximum efficiency of heat engines is considered to be of fundamental importance in the theory of heat engines and thermodynamics. Here, we show that at the nano and quantum scale, this law needs to be revised in the sense that more information about the bath other than its temperature is required to decide whether maximum efficiency can be achieved. In particular, we derive new fundamental limitations of the efficiency of heat engines at the nano and quantum scale that show that the Carnot efficiency can only be achieved under special circumstances, and we derive a new maximum efficiency for others.
Power and Sample Size Determination for a Stepwise Test Procedure for Finding the Maximum Safe Dose
Tamhane, Ajit C.
by a linear response function. It is shown that the two minima are attained under step and linear response from below by a linear response function. It is shown that the two minima are attained under step overall power and minimum power under the constraint that the dose response function is bounded from below
Letschert, Virginie
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
is the case for gas water heaters and furnaces, the maximum-traditional storage tank water heaters and heat-pump or16 Table 6. Electric Storage Water Heater
Tropical climate variability from the last glacial maximum to the present
Dahl, Kristina Ariel
2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This thesis evaluates the nature and magnitude of tropical climate variability from the Last Glacial Maximum to the present. The temporal variability of two specific tropical climate phenomena is examined. The first is the ...
A Maximum Likelihood Method with Penalty to Estimate Link Travel Time Based on Trip Itinerary Data
Zhong, Chujun
2014-12-15T23:59:59.000Z
Travel time is an important network performance measure. It is a challenging subject due to the fluctuations in traffic characteristics, such as traffic flow. This study proposes a maximum likelihood method with penalty ...
Wang, Hongyun
Maximum cooling temperature and uniform efficiency criterion for inhomogeneous thermoelectric cooling temperature of a uniform thermoelectric material is limited by its dimensionless figure of merit ZT. Inhomogeneous or graded thermoelectric materials are mainly studied when there is a large
Atlantic Ocean circulation at the last glacial maximum : inferences from data and models
Dail, Holly Janine
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This thesis focuses on ocean circulation and atmospheric forcing in the Atlantic Ocean at the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM, 18-21 thousand years before present). Relative to the pre-industrial climate, LGM atmospheric CO? ...
Models for estimating saturation flow and maximum demand at closely spaced intersections
Nanduri, Sreelata
1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This thesis describes models for saturation flow and maximum demand at closely spaced intersections. The effects of queue interaction between these two intersections are taken into account in both models. The saturation flow model is based...
MA 222 - Exam 1 Statistics (scores are out of 100 points maximum ...
2012-09-26T23:59:59.000Z
Statistics (scores are out of 100 points maximum): Section. 031. 061. # Entered. 30. 34. Average. 64.47 66.74. Max. 99. 94. Min. 18. 14. Standard Deviation 19.65
MA 222 - Exam 3 Statistics (scores are out of 100 points maximum ...
2012-12-04T23:59:59.000Z
Statistics (scores are out of 100 points maximum): Section. 031. 061. # Entered. 30. 29. Average. 64.46 60.55. Max. 94. 91. Min. 39. 21. Standard Deviation 15.3.
Maximum a Posteriori Models for Cortical Modeling: Feature Detectors, Topography and Modularity
Weber, Cornelius
Maximum a Posteriori Models for Cortical Modeling: Feature Detectors, Topography and Modularity Modeling: Feature Detectors, Topography and Modularity PhD Thesis by Cornelius Weber, Berlin, July 31, 2000
Rossi, Ryan A; Gebremedhin, Assefaw H; Patwary, Md Mostofa Ali
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Exact maximum clique finders have progressed to the point where we can investigate cliques in million-node social and information networks, as well as find strongly connected components in temporal networks. We use one such finder to study a large collection of modern networks emanating from biological, social, and technological domains. We show inter-relationships between maximum cliques and several other common network properties, including network density, maximum core, and number of triangles. In temporal networks, we find that the largest temporal strong components have around 20-30% of the vertices of the entire network. These components represent groups of highly communicative individuals. In addition, we discuss and improve the performance and utility of the maximum clique finder itself.
A more efficient formulation for computation of the maximum loading points in electric power systems
Chiang, H.D. [Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY (United States). School of Electrical Engineering; Jean-Jumeau, R. [Electricite d`Haita, Port-au-Prince (Haiti)
1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z
This paper presents a more efficient formulation for computation of the maximum loading points. A distinguishing feature of the new formulation is that it is of dimension (n + 1), instead of the existing formulation of dimension (2n + 1), for n-dimensional load flow equations. This feature makes computation of the maximum loading points very inexpensive in comparison with those required in the existing formulation. A theoretical basis for the new formulation is provided. The new problem formulation is derived by using a simple reparameterization scheme and exploiting the special properties of the power flow model. Moreover, the proposed test function is shown to be monotonic in the vicinity of a maximum loading point. Therefore, it allows one to monitor the approach to maximum loading points during the solution search process. Simulation results on a 234-bus system are presented.
Microcontroller Servomotor for Maximum Effective Power Point for Solar Cell System
Al-Khalidy, M.; Al-Rawi, O.; Noaman, N.
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper a Maximum Power point (MPP) tracking algorithm is developed using dual-axis servomotor feedback tracking control system. An efficient and accurate servomotor system is used to increase the system efficiency and reduces the solar cell...
Investigating the angle or response and maximum stability of a cohesive granular pile
Nowak, Sara Alice, 1982-
2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
In this thesis, I investigate the static and dynamic properties of a granular heap made cohesive by an interstitial fluid. I present the results of experimental work measuring the maximum angle of stability and the angle ...
Microcontroller Servomotor for Maximum Effective Power Point for Solar Cell System
Al-Khalidy, M.; Al-Rawi, O.; Noaman, N.
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper a Maximum Power point (MPP) tracking algorithm is developed using dual-axis servomotor feedback tracking control system. An efficient and accurate servomotor system is used to increase the system efficiency ...
Submodule Integrated Distributed Maximum Power Point Tracking for Solar Photovoltaic Applications
Pilawa-Podgurski, Robert C. N.
This paper explores the benefits of distributed power electronics in solar photovoltaic applications through the use of submodule integrated maximum power point trackers (MPPT). We propose a system architecture that provides ...
Computation of the maximum loadability of a power system using nonlinear optimization
Khabirov, Abdufarrukh
2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
In recent years, power systems have undergone radical changes by becoming deregulated. Many electric companies have met new requirements and found ways to keep up with the changes in power systems. Issues of transfer capability and maximum...
Author's personal copy Unified behaviour of maximum soot yields of methane, ethane and propane
Gülder, Ömer L.
Author's personal copy Unified behaviour of maximum soot yields of methane, ethane and propane the current study and the previous measurements in similar flames with methane, ethane, and propane flames
Maximum Network Lifetime in Wireless Sensor Networks with Adjustable Sensing Ranges
Wu, Jie
1 Maximum Network Lifetime in Wireless Sensor Networks with Adjustable Sensing Ranges Mihaela problem in wireless sensor networks with adjustable sensing range. Communication and sensing consume Wireless sensor networks (WSNs) constitute the foundation of a broad range of applications related
An Analysis of Maximum Residential Energy Efficiency in Hot and Humid Climates
Malhotra, M.; Haberl, J. S.
2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Systems in Hot and Humid Climates, Orlando, Florida, July 24-26, 2006 Methodology 1. Development of the Basecase Simulation Model 2. Analysis of Energy Saving Measures 3. Development of the Maximum Energy-Efficient House 4. Economic Analysis DOE-2 Input...AN ANALYSIS OF MAXIMUM RESIDENTIAL ENERGY EFFICIENCY IN HOT AND HUMID CLIMATES Mini Malhotra Graduate Research Assistant Jeff Haberl, Ph.D., P.E. Professor/Associate Director Energy Systems Laboratory, Texas A&M University College...
ON THE PROBLEM OF UNIQUENESS FOR THE MAXIMUM STIRLING NUMBER(S) OF THE SECOND KIND
Pomerance, Carl
ON THE PROBLEM OF UNIQUENESS FOR THE MAXIMUM STIRLING NUMBER(S) OF THE SECOND KIND E. Rodney Say that an integer n is exceptional if the maximum Stirling number of the second kind S(n, k) occurs or equal to x is O(x3/5+ ), for any > 0. 1. Introduction Let S(n, k) be the Stirling number of the second
Design Considerations for an On-Demand Minimum Energy Routing Protocol for a Wireless Ad Hoc Network
Brown, Timothy X.
1 Design Considerations for an On-Demand Minimum Energy Routing Protocol for a Wireless Ad Hoc at Boulder Boulder, CO-80309 Abstract--A minimum energy routing protocol reduces the energy con- sumption of energy to get the packets to their destination. This paper identifies the necessary features of an on
Minimum-Risk Path Finding by an Adaptive Amoebal Network Toshiyuki Nakagaki,1,2,* Makoto Iima,1
Showalter, Kenneth
Minimum-Risk Path Finding by an Adaptive Amoebal Network Toshiyuki Nakagaki,1,2,* Makoto Iima,1 is formed that connects the food sources through the shortest route. When the light- avoiding organism risk as the experimentally measurable rate of light-avoiding movement, the minimum-risk path
An algebraic approach to the minimum-cost multi-impulse orbit transfer problem
Martin Avendano; Verónica Martín-Molina; Jorge Martín-Morales; Jorge Ortigas-Galindo
2015-08-10T23:59:59.000Z
We present a purely algebraic formulation (i.e. polynomial equations only) of the minimum-cost multi-impulse orbit transfer problem without time constraints, while keeping all the variables with a precise physical meaning. We apply general algebraic techniques to solve these equations (resultants, Gr\\"obner bases, etc.) in several situations of practical interest of different degrees of generality. For instance, we provide a proof of the optimality of the Hohmann transfer for the minimum fuel 2-impulse circular to circular orbit transfer problem, and we provide a general formula for the optimal 2-impulse in-plane transfer between two rotated elliptical orbits under a mild symmetry assumption on the two points where the impulses are applied (which we conjecture that can be removed).
LIGHT SUBGRAPHS IN PLANAR GRAPHS OF MINIMUM DEGREE 4 AND EDGE-DEGREE 9
Mohar, Bojan
LIGHT SUBGRAPHS IN PLANAR GRAPHS OF MINIMUM DEGREE 4 AND EDGE-DEGREE 9 B. MOHAR , R. SKREKOVSKI vertices of degree 4 are adjacent. A graph H is light in G if there is a constant w such that every graph is w. Then we also write w(H) w. It is proved that the cycle Cs is light if and only if 3 s 6, where
A methodology for predicting minimum travel paths using real-time traffic network data
Liu, Chang
1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A METHODOLOGY FOR PREDICTING MINIMUM TRAVEL PATHS USING REAL-TIME TRAFFIC NETWORK DATA A Thesis by Chang Liu Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillrnent of the requirements for the degree... operations. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS I would like to express special thanks to Dr. Daniel B. Fambro for his guidance, assistance, and patience from the initial stage of my graduate career at Texas A&M University through the final stage of the research documented...
A methodology for predicting minimum travel paths using real-time traffic network data
Liu, Chang
1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
, existing traffic simulation and optimization models have been reviewed, and appropriate models have been chosen to predict link travel time and fuel consumption. Link-node types of mathematical networks have been established, and minimum travel distance... Integration of ATMS with ADIS Traffic Data Fusion For Link Time Prediction . . NETWORK ANALYSIS Shortest Path Problem Shortest Path with Fixed-Charges Problem . . STUDY DESIGN REVIEW OF EXISTING TRAFFIC MODELS PASSER II-87 PASSER III-88 TRANSYT-7F...
Free Magnetic Energy in Solar Active Regions above the Minimum-Energy Relaxed State
S. Regnier; E. R. Priest
2008-05-12T23:59:59.000Z
To understand the physics of solar flares, including the local reorganisation of the magnetic field and the acceleration of energetic particles, we have first to estimate the free magnetic energy available for such phenomena, which can be converted into kinetic and thermal energy. The free magnetic energy is the excess energy of a magnetic configuration compared to the minimum-energy state, which is a linear force-free field if the magnetic helicity of the configuration is conserved. We investigate the values of the free magnetic energy estimated from either the excess energy in extrapolated fields or the magnetic virial theorem. For four different active regions, we have reconstructed the nonlinear force-free field and the linear force-free field corresponding to the minimum-energy state. The free magnetic energies are then computed. From the energy budget and the observed magnetic activity in the active region, we conclude that the free energy above the minimum-energy state gives a better estimate and more insights into the flare process than the free energy above the potential field state.
Solid phase stability of a double-minimum interaction potential system
Suematsu, Ayumi; Yoshimori, Akira, E-mail: a.yoshimori@cmt.phys.kyushu-u.ac.jp; Saiki, Masafumi; Matsui, Jun [Department of Physics, Kyushu University, Fukuoka 812-8581 (Japan); Odagaki, Takashi [School of Science and Engineering, Tokyo Denki University, Hatoyama, Saitama 350-0394 (Japan)
2014-06-28T23:59:59.000Z
We study phase stability of a system with double-minimum interaction potential in a wide range of parameters by a thermodynamic perturbation theory. The present double-minimum potential is the Lennard-Jones-Gauss potential, which has a Gaussian pocket as well as a standard Lennard-Jones minimum. As a function of the depth and position of the Gaussian pocket in the potential, we determine the coexistence pressure of crystals (fcc and bcc). We show that the fcc crystallizes even at zero pressure when the position of the Gaussian pocket is coincident with the first or third nearest neighbor site of the fcc crystal. The bcc crystal is more stable than the fcc crystal when the position of the Gaussian pocket is coincident with the second nearest neighbor sites of the bcc crystal. The stable crystal structure is determined by the position of the Gaussian pocket. These results show that we can control the stability of the solid phase by tuning the potential function.
On the "viscosity maximum" during the uniaxial extension of a low density polyethylene
Teodor I. Burghelea; Zdenek Stary; Helmut Muenstedt
2010-01-13T23:59:59.000Z
An experimental investigation of the viscosity overshoot phenomenon observed during uniaxial extension of a low density polyethylene is pre- sented. For this purpose, traditional integral viscosity measurements on a Muenstedt type extensional rheometer are combined with local mea- surements based on the in-situ visualization of the sample under exten- sion. For elongational experiments at constant strain rates within a wide range of Weissenberg numbers (Wi), three distinct deformation regimes are identified. Corresponding to low values of Wi (regime I), the tensile stress displays a broad maximum. This maximum can be explained by simple mathematical arguments as a result of low deformation rates and it should not be confused with the viscosity overshoot phenomenon. Corre- sponding to intermediate values of Wi (regime II), a local maximum of the integral extensional viscosity is systematically observed. However, within this regime, the local viscosity measurements reveal no maximum, but a plateau. Careful inspection of the images of samples within this regime shows that, corresponding to the maximum of the integral viscosity, sec- ondary necks develop along the sample. The emergence of a maximum of the integral elongational viscosity is thus related to the distinct in- homogeneity of deformation states and is not related to the rheological properties of the material. In the fast stretching limit (high Wi, regime III), the overall geometric uniformity of the sample is well preserved, no secondary necks are observed and both the integral and the local transient elongational viscosity show no maximum. A detailed comparison of the experimental findings with results from literature is presented.
Spectral Modeling of SNe Ia Near Maximum Light: Probing the Characteristics of Hydro Models
E. Baron; S. Bongard; David Branch; Peter H. Hauschildt
2006-03-03T23:59:59.000Z
We have performed detailed NLTE spectral synthesis modeling of 2 types of 1-D hydro models: the very highly parameterized deflagration model W7, and two delayed detonation models. We find that overall both models do about equally well at fitting well observed SNe Ia near to maximum light. However, the Si II 6150 feature of W7 is systematically too fast, whereas for the delayed detonation models it is also somewhat too fast, but significantly better than that of W7. We find that a parameterized mixed model does the best job of reproducing the Si II 6150 line near maximum light and we study the differences in the models that lead to better fits to normal SNe Ia. We discuss what is required of a hydro model to fit the spectra of observed SNe Ia near maximum light.
Byrne, Raymond Harry; Silva Monroy, Cesar Augusto.
2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z
The valuation of an electricity storage device is based on the expected future cash ow generated by the device. Two potential sources of income for an electricity storage system are energy arbitrage and participation in the frequency regulation market. Energy arbitrage refers to purchasing (stor- ing) energy when electricity prices are low, and selling (discharging) energy when electricity prices are high. Frequency regulation is an ancillary service geared towards maintaining system frequency, and is typically procured by the independent system operator in some type of market. This paper outlines the calculations required to estimate the maximum potential revenue from participating in these two activities. First, a mathematical model is presented for the state of charge as a function of the storage device parameters and the quantities of electricity purchased/sold as well as the quantities o ered into the regulation market. Using this mathematical model, we present a linear programming optimization approach to calculating the maximum potential revenue from an elec- tricity storage device. The calculation of the maximum potential revenue is critical in developing an upper bound on the value of storage, as a benchmark for evaluating potential trading strate- gies, and a tool for capital nance risk assessment. Then, we use historical California Independent System Operator (CAISO) data from 2010-2011 to evaluate the maximum potential revenue from the Tehachapi wind energy storage project, an American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA) energy storage demonstration project. We investigate the maximum potential revenue from two di erent scenarios: arbitrage only and arbitrage combined with the regulation market. Our analysis shows that participation in the regulation market produces four times the revenue compared to arbitrage in the CAISO market using 2010 and 2011 data. Then we evaluate several trading strategies to illustrate how they compare to the maximum potential revenue benchmark. We conclude with a sensitivity analysis with respect to key parameters.
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similar financial components. These components can include an up-front execution fee; patent reimbursement; annual minimum payments andor milestone payments; an annual minimum...
Solar coronal loops as non force-free minimum energy relaxed states
Kumar, Dinesh; Bhattacharyya, R. [Udaipur Solar Observatory, Physical Research Laboratory, Dewali, Bari Road, Udaipur 313 001 (India)
2011-08-15T23:59:59.000Z
In this work, the well established two-fluid relaxation model based on the minimum energy principle is extended to include open systems like the solar corona. The Euler-Lagrange equations obtained are of double curl in nature and support non-zero plasma-{beta} along with mass flow of the magnetofluid. These equations are solved in Cartesian coordinates utilizing a geometry relevant to the solar atmosphere, and a basic comparative study of the non force-free, force-free, and potential magnetic field obtained as solutions of the same Euler-Lagrange equations is presented.
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
Recursive maximum likelihood estimation for structural health monitoring: Kalman and particle by a likelihood approach. In a first part the structural health monitoring problem is written in term of recursive al [6] in a more simple framework. Particle approximation for health monitoring was already proposed
Extraction of Spectral Functions from Dyson-Schwinger Studies via the Maximum Entropy Method
Dominik Nickel
2006-07-20T23:59:59.000Z
It is shown how to apply the Maximum Entropy Method (MEM) to numerical Dyson-Schwinger studies for the extraction of spectral functions of correlators from their corresponding Euclidean propagators. Differences to the application in lattice QCD are emphasized and, as an example, the spectral functions of massless quarks in cold and dense matter are presented.
Maximum-Power-Point Tracking Method of Photovoltaic Power System Using Single Transducer
Fujimoto, Hiroshi
Maximum-Power-Point Tracking Method of Photovoltaic Power System Using Single Transducer Toshihiko) method of a photovoltaic power system with less transducer count. A unique feature of this method concern on an environmental issue since 1990's. Above all, a photovoltaic power generation system is one
Brayton Cycles: From the ...rst law, the maximum transfers for component SSSF control volumes are
. For the simple reversible Brayton cycle of given pressure ratio rp $ (p2=p1) = (p3=p4) [compare Example 9.4, pp is higher than 1 r (2=7) . For the ideal regenerator, the thermal e¢ ciency approaches the Carnot-cycle eBrayton Cycles: From the ...rst law, the maximum transfers for component SSSF control volumes are w
Maximum Power-Point Extraction of Small Switched-Inductor Piezoelectric Harvesters
Rincon-Mora, Gabriel A.
normally use a harvesting charger to replenish a small on-board battery. This way, a power-supply circuit first explains the importance and operation of a switched inductor in piezoelectric chargers. Section this metric is able to track the maximum power point of the system. II. PIEZOELETRIC CHARGERS A. The State
Sufficient Stochastic Maximum Principle in a Regime-Switching Diffusion Model
Donnelly, Catherine, E-mail: C.Donnelly@hw.ac.uk [Heriot-Watt University, Department of Actuarial Mathematics and Statistics (United Kingdom)
2011-10-15T23:59:59.000Z
We prove a sufficient stochastic maximum principle for the optimal control of a regime-switching diffusion model. We show the connection to dynamic programming and we apply the result to a quadratic loss minimization problem, which can be used to solve a mean-variance portfolio selection problem.
Lattice Field Theory with the Sign Problem and the Maximum Entropy Method
Masahiro Imachi; Yasuhiko Shinno; Hiroshi Yoneyama
2007-02-09T23:59:59.000Z
Although numerical simulation in lattice field theory is one of the most effective tools to study non-perturbative properties of field theories, it faces serious obstacles coming from the sign problem in some theories such as finite density QCD and lattice field theory with the $\\theta$ term. We reconsider this problem from the point of view of the maximum entropy method.
An Analysis of the Maximum Drawdown Risk Malik Magdon-Ismail
Magdon-Ismail, Malik
Engineering Cairo University Giza, Egypt. amir@alumni.caltech.edu Introduction. The maximum cumulative loss to the Calmar ratio is the Sterling ratio, Sterling(T) = Return over [0,T ] MDD over [0,T ]-10% , and our discussion applies equally well to the Sterling ratio. 1 #12;primarily due to a lack of an analytical
An Analysis of the Maximum Drawdown Risk Malik MagdonIsmail
Magdon-Ismail, Malik
Engineering Cairo University Giza, Egypt. amir@alumni.caltech.edu Introduction. The maximum cumulative loss is not prevalent 1 Similar to the Calmar ratio is the Sterling ratio, Sterling(T ) = Return over [0,T ] MDD over [0,T ]-10% , and our discussion applies equally well to the Sterling ratio. 1 #12; primarily due
Operations Research Letters 21 (1997) 211217 An algorithm for nding a maximum clique in a graph
Wood, David R.
1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
. We denote the set of vertices adjacent to vV by NG(v) and the subgraph of G induced by S V by G a vertex vS with maximum degree in G, and set Q := Q {v} and S := S NG(v). We now turn our attention
Maximum Output Amplitude of Linear Systems for certain Input Constraints1
Sontag, Eduardo
of this input and calculates the maximum amplitude of the output. The solution of this problem is a necessary, Linear Sys- tems. 1 Introduction and Motivation Most practical control problems are dominated by hard bounds. Valves can only be operated between fully open and fully closed, pumps and compressors have
Study of Different Implementation Approaches for a Maximum Power Point Florent Boico Brad Lehman
Lehman, Brad
of solar panels has limited their use. As the efficiency is limited, harvesting the maximum amount no other source is available. However, these solar panels have lower efficiency than average solar cells in suddenly changing illumination conditions. Solar Panels have been used for decades to generate electricity
Maximum relative excitation of a specific vibrational mode via optimum laser-pulse duration
Zhou, Xiang; Lin, Zhibin; Jiang, Chenwei; Gao, Meng; Allen, Roland E.
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
For molecules and materials responding to femtosecond-scale optical laser pulses, we predict maximum relative excitation of a Raman-active vibrational mode with period T when the pulse has a full-width-at-halfmaximum duration tau approximate to 0...
MAximum Multicore POwer (MAMPO) -An Automatic Multithreaded Synthetic Power Virus Generation
John, Lizy Kurian
MAximum Multicore POwer (MAMPO) - An Automatic Multithreaded Synthetic Power Virus Generation power viruses. Previous research ef- forts towards automating the power virus generation process are all a multithreaded power virus for a given multicore parallel system configuration. We show that the the power
Mathematical Geology, Vol. 30, No. 3, 1998 A Bootstrap Test Using Maximum Likelihood Ratio
Chatterjee, Snigdhansu
Mathematical Geology, Vol. 30, No. 3, 1998 A Bootstrap Test Using Maximum Likelihood Ratio 24 January 1997; revised 10 May 1997. 2Geological Studies Unit, Indian Statistical Institute, 203 B-8121/98/0400-0275$15.00/1 © 1998 International Association for Mathematical Geology KEY WORDS: polar coordinates, joint frequency
NOAA Technical Memorandum NWS HYDRO 39 PROBABLE MAXIMUM PRECIPITATION FOR THE UPPER
NOAA Technical Memorandum NWS HYDRO 39 PROBABLE MAXIMUM PRECIPITATION FOR THE UPPER DEERFIELD RIVER The Office of Hydrology (HYDRO) of the National Weather Service (NWS) develops procedures for making river agencies, and conducts pertinent research and development. NOAA Technical Memorandums in the NWS HYDRO
Harrington, Jerry Y.
Radiative Impacts on the Growth of Drops within Simulated Marine Stratocumulus. Part I: Maximum Solar Heating CHRISTOPHER M. HARTMAN AND JERRY Y. HARRINGTON Department of Meteorology, The Pennsylvania November 2004) ABSTRACT The effects of solar heating and infrared cooling on the vapor depositional growth
The probable value of the Lovasz-Schrijver relaxations for maximum independent set
Krauthgamer, Robert
Introduction Let G(V, E) be a graph on n vertices. An independent set (a.k.a. stable set) in G is a subset an independent set of maximum size in an input graph G. The independence number (a.k.a. stability number) of G
The probable value of the LovaszSchrijver relaxations for maximum independent set #
Krauthgamer, Robert
Introduction Let G(V, E) be a graph on n vertices. An independent set (a.k.a. stable set) in G is a subset an independent set of maximum size in an input graph G. The independence number (a.k.a. stability number) of G
PHYSICAL REVIEW E 86, 041144 (2012) Efficiency at maximum power for classical particle transport
Lindenberg, Katja
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
PHYSICAL REVIEW E 86, 041144 (2012) Efficiency at maximum power for classical particle transport transport. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevE.86.041144 PACS number(s): 05.70.Ln, 05.40.-a, 05.20.-y I. INTRODUCTION Over, operating between a hot and cold bath at temperatures T (1) and T (2) , respectively, possesses universal
Maximum principle and bang-bang property of time optimal controls for Schrodinger type systems
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
Maximum principle and bang-bang property of time optimal controls for Schr¨odinger type systems J conditions for the bang- bang property of optimal controls. The results are then applied to some systems-Bang property, Schr¨odinger equation 1 Introduction Time optimal control is a classical problem for linear
Design of wind farm layout for maximum wind energy capture Andrew Kusiak*, Zhe Song
Kusiak, Andrew
Design of wind farm layout for maximum wind energy capture Andrew Kusiak*, Zhe Song Intelligent Accepted 24 August 2009 Available online 22 September 2009 Keywords: Wind farm Wind turbine Layout design Optimization Evolutionary algorithms Operations research a b s t r a c t Wind is one of the most promising
Hydraulic limits on maximum plant transpiration and the emergence of the safetyefficiency trade-off
Jackson, Robert B.
Hydraulic limits on maximum plant transpiration and the emergence of the safetyefficiency trade.12126 Key words: hydraulic limitation, safety efficiency trade-off, soilplantatmosphere model, trait hydraulics constrain ecosystem productivity by setting physical limits to water transport and hence carbon
Relating maximum airway dilation and subsequent reconstriction to reactivity in human lungs
Lutchen, Kenneth
Relating maximum airway dilation and subsequent reconstriction to reactivity in human lungs Lauren in human lungs. J Appl Physiol 96: 18081814, 2004. First published February 6, 2004; 10.1152/japplphysiol reactivity in healthy lungs by prohibiting DI for an extended period. The present study had two goals. First
Performance of Photovoltaic Maximum Power Point Tracking Algorithms in the Presence of Noise
Odam, Kofi
Performance of Photovoltaic Maximum Power Point Tracking Algorithms in the Presence of Noise tracking (MPPT) algorithms for photovoltaic systems, including how noise affects both tracking speed-performance photovoltaic sys- tems. An intelligent controller adjusts the voltage, current, or impedance seen by a solar
Sub-Module Integrated Distributed Maximum Power Point Tracking for Solar Photovoltaic Applications
Perreault, Dave
Sub-Module Integrated Distributed Maximum Power Point Tracking for Solar Photovoltaic Applications 2012. Abstract--This paper explores the benefits of distributed power electronics in solar photovoltaic, interest in renewable energy sources has in- creased. Among these, solar photovoltaic (PV) energy has seen
STRAY-LIGHT CORRECTION IN MAGNETOGRAPH OBSERVATIONS USING THE MAXIMUM ENTROPY METHOD
STRAY-LIGHT CORRECTION IN MAGNETOGRAPH OBSERVATIONS USING THE MAXIMUM ENTROPY METHOD JONGCHUL CHAE1 June 1998; accepted 17 July 1998) Abstract. We have developed a method of stray-light correction which is applicable to filter-based magnetograph observations. Stray-light-corrected Stokes images are obtained
The maximum time interval of time-lapse photography for monitoring construction operations
Choi, Ji Won
2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z
THE MAXIMUM TIME INTERVAL OF TIME-LAPSE PHOTOGRAPHY FOR MONITORING CONSTRUCTION OPERATIONS A Thesis by JI WON CHOI Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment... CHOI Submitted to Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE Approved as to style and content by...
Sub-Module Integrated Distributed Maximum Power Point Tracking for Solar Photovoltaic Applications
Perreault, Dave
Sub-Module Integrated Distributed Maximum Power Point Tracking for Solar Photovoltaic Applications explores the benefits of distributed power electronics in solar photovoltaic applications through the use that provides a substantial increase in captured energy during partial shading conditions, while at the same
Basic Theory in Construction of Boolean Functions with Maximum Possible Annihilator Immunity
International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)
Basic Theory in Construction of Boolean Functions with Maximum Possible Annihilator Immunity #3. In this paper we present a construction keeping in mind the basic theory of annihilator immunity the basic theory. Most importantly, the cryptographic properties of our constructions, such as nonlinearity
Basic Theory in Construction of Boolean Functions with Maximum Possible Annihilator Immunity
International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)
Basic Theory in Construction of Boolean Functions with Maximum Possible Annihilator Immunity Deepak present a construction keeping in mind the basic theory of annihilator immunity. This construction immunity that comes from the basic theory. Most importantly, the cryptographic properties of our
Vision Research 40 (2000) 11571165 Local luminance factors that determine the maximum disparity for
Kingdom, Frederick A. A.
2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Vision Research 40 (2000) 11571165 Local luminance factors that determine the maximum disparity dense arrays of micropatterns, whose luminance characteristics were manipulated. In Experiment 1, we with luminance spatial frequency and with Gabor size, but was constant for a constant bandwidth (frequency times
Learning with MaximumEntropy Distributions \\Lambda Yishay Mansour Mariano Schain
Mansour, Yishay
Learning with MaximumEntropy Distributions \\Lambda Yishay Mansour Mariano Schain Computer Science Dept. TelAviv University fmansour,marianog@math.tau.ac.il Abstract We are interested in distributions which are de rived as a maximumentropy distribution given a set of constraints. More specifically, we
A Distributed Approach to Maximum Power Point Tracking for Photovoltaic Sub-Module Differential
Liberzon, Daniel
of the proposed distributed algorithm. I. INTRODUCTION IN photovoltaic (PV) energy systems, PV modules are often power that is common to all PV modules is directly processed by the central inverter without any processing converters in photovoltaic (PV) applications. This distributed algorithm achieves true maximum
A Global Maximum Power Point Tracking Method for PV Module Integrated Converters
Liberzon, Daniel
with large arrays of series-connected PV mod- ules connected to a central inverter. Figure 1(a) depicts, it is conceivable that these systems do not extract the maximum possible power from the PV array when individual PV to partial shading. In such systems, power electronics circuits are integrated directly with PV modules
Demirel, Melik C.
Degradation Overview Westinghouse applies a conservative approach when evaluating degradation on a gasket evaluation. The team was tasked with collecting this data to determine when degradation endangers the pressure seal. Objectives The team's objectives were to determine the maximum degradation which the gasket
Stone, G. A.; DeVito, E. M.; Nease, N. H.
2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Texas adopted in its residential building energy code a maximum 0.40 solar heat gain coefficient (SHGC) for fenestration (e.g., windows, glazed doors and skylights)-a critical driver of cooling energy use, comfort and peak demand. An analysis...
Jagannatham, Aditya K.
in wireless sensor networks (WSN). The proposed algo- rithm employs the temporal correlation of the narrowband Wireless Sensor Network (WSN), Likelihood, Sphere De- coder 1. INTRODUCTION Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNBayesian Data and Channel Joint Maximum-Likelihood Based Error Correction in Wireless Sensor
Maximum-Lifetime Multi-Channel Routing in Wireless Sensor Networks
Nasipuri, Asis
Maximum-Lifetime Multi-Channel Routing in Wireless Sensor Networks Amitangshu Pal and Asis Nasipuri and routing problem in multi-channel wireless sensor networks for maximizing the worst case network lifetime solution for the problem. Keywords: Wireless sensor networks, multi-channel rout- ing, distributed
Regression Model for Daily Maximum Stream Temperature David W. Neumann1
Balaji, Rajagopalan
Regression Model for Daily Maximum Stream Temperature David W. Neumann1 ; Balaji Rajagopalan2 for the summer period. The model is created using a stepwise linear regression procedure to select significant-9372 2003 129:7 667 CE Database subject headings: Decision support systems; Regression models; California
Metrika, Volume 27, 1980, page 43-70. 9 Vienna. The Minimum Distance Method of Testing 1 )
Pollard, David
on leavefrom Yale University,at the Ruhr-UniversitiitBochum. 2) David Pollard, YaleUniversity, Department of Statistics Box 2179 YaleStation, New Haven, Conneticut 06520, U.S.A. #12;44 D. Pollard minimum distance
Meyen, Edward L.; Alley, Gordon R.; Scannell, Dale P.; Harnden, G. Mack; Miller, Kelly F.
1982-06-01T23:59:59.000Z
In this study, LD specialists, regular class teachers, and parents of LD students judged that the objectives of the Kansas Minimum Competency Specifications prescribed for nonhandicapped students were applicable to LD ...
Daniel, William Marvin
1973-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
THE EFFECT OF SAND GRAIN SIZE DISTRIBUTION ON THE MINIMUM OIL SATURATION NECESSARY TO SUPPORT IN-SITU COMBUSTION A Thesis by WILLIAM MARVIN DANIEL Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ARM University in partial fulfillment... of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1973 Major Subject: Petroleum. Engineering THE EFFECT OF SAND GRAIN SIZE DISTRIBUTION ON THE MINIMUM OIL SATURATION NECESSARY TO SUPPORT IN-SITU COMBUSTION A Thesis by WILLIAM MARVIN DANIEL Approved...
Daniel, William Marvin
1973-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
THE EFFECT OF SAND GRAIN SIZE DISTRIBUTION ON THE MINIMUM OIL SATURATION NECESSARY TO SUPPORT IN-SITU COMBUSTION A Thesis by WILLIAM MARVIN DANIEL Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ARM University in partial fulfillment... of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1973 Major Subject: Petroleum. Engineering THE EFFECT OF SAND GRAIN SIZE DISTRIBUTION ON THE MINIMUM OIL SATURATION NECESSARY TO SUPPORT IN-SITU COMBUSTION A Thesis by WILLIAM MARVIN DANIEL Approved...
Towards solar activity maximum 24 as seen by GOLF and VIRGO/SPM instruments
Garcia, R A; Mathur, S; Regulo, C; Ballot, J; Davies, G R; Jimenez, A; Simoniello, R
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
All p-mode parameters vary with time as a response to the changes induced by the cyclic behavior of solar magnetic activity. After the unusual long solar-activity minimum between cycles 23 and 24, where the p-mode parameters have shown a different behavior than the surface magnetic proxies, we analyze the temporal variation of low-degree p-mode parameters measured by GOLF (in velocity) and VIRGO (in intensity) Sun-as-a-star instruments on board SoHO. We then compared our results with other activity proxies.
Apparatus and method for closed-loop control of reactor power in minimum time
Bernard, Jr., John A. (72 Paul Revere Rd., Needham Heights, MA 02194)
1988-11-01T23:59:59.000Z
Closed-loop control law for altering the power level of nuclear reactors in a safe manner and without overshoot and in minimum time. Apparatus is provided for moving a fast-acting control element such as a control rod or a control drum for altering the nuclear reactor power level. A computer computes at short time intervals either the function: .rho.=(.beta.-.rho.).omega.-.lambda..sub.e '.rho.-.SIGMA..beta..sub.i (.lambda..sub.i -.lambda..sub.e ')+l* .omega.+l* [.omega..sup.2 +.lambda..sub.e '.omega.] or the function: .rho.=(.beta.-.rho.).omega.-.lambda..sub.e .rho.-(.lambda..sub.e /.lambda..sub.e)(.beta.-.rho.)+l* .omega.+l* [.omega..sup.2 +.lambda..sub.e .omega.-(.lambda..sub.e /.lambda..sub.e).omega.] These functions each specify the rate of change of reactivity that is necessary to achieve a specified rate of change of reactor power. The direction and speed of motion of the control element is altered so as to provide the rate of reactivity change calculated using either or both of these functions thereby resulting in the attainment of a new power level without overshoot and in minimum time. These functions are computed at intervals of approximately 0.01-1.0 seconds depending on the specific application.
MULTI-FLUID MODEL OF A STREAMER AT SOLAR MINIMUM AND COMPARISON WITH OBSERVATIONS
Ofman, Leon [Department of Physics, Catholic University of America, and NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Code 671, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States); Abbo, Lucia; Giordano, Silvio, E-mail: Leon.Ofman@nasa.gov [INAF Astronomical Observatory of Turin (Italy)
2011-06-10T23:59:59.000Z
We present the results of a time-dependent 2.5-dimensional three-fluid magnetohydrodynamic model of the coronal streamer belt, which is compared with the slow solar wind plasma parameters obtained in the extended corona by the UV spectroscopic data from the Ultraviolet Coronagraph Spectrometer (UVCS) on board SOHO during the past minimum of solar activity (Carrington Rotation 1913). Our previous three-fluid streamer model has been improved by considering the solar magnetic field configuration relevant for solar minimum conditions, and preferential heating for O{sup 5+} ions. The model was run until a fully self-consistent streamer solution was obtained in the quasi-steady state. The plasma parameters from the multi-fluid model were used to compute the expected UV observables from H I Ly{alpha} 1216 A and O VI 1032 A spectral lines, and the results were compared in detail with the UVCS measurements. A good agreement between the model and the data was found. The results of the study provide insight into the acceleration and heating of the multi-ion slow solar wind.
Minimum separation distances for natural gas pipeline and boilers in the 300 area, Hanford Site
Daling, P.M.; Graham, T.M.
1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z
The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) is proposing actions to reduce energy expenditures and improve energy system reliability at the 300 Area of the Hanford Site. These actions include replacing the centralized heating system with heating units for individual buildings or groups of buildings, constructing a new natural gas distribution system to provide a fuel source for many of these units, and constructing a central control building to operate and maintain the system. The individual heating units will include steam boilers that are to be housed in individual annex buildings located at some distance away from nearby 300 Area nuclear facilities. This analysis develops the basis for siting the package boilers and natural gas distribution systems to be used to supply steam to 300 Area nuclear facilities. The effects of four potential fire and explosion scenarios involving the boiler and natural gas pipeline were quantified to determine minimum separation distances that would reduce the risks to nearby nuclear facilities. The resulting minimum separation distances are shown in Table ES.1.
Commercial HVAC and Water-Heating Equipment Minimum Efficiency Standards in the United States
Nasseri, Cyrus H.; Somasundaram, Sriram
2001-08-01T23:59:59.000Z
ABSTRACT In 1992, Federal legislation mandated that the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) set the efficiency levels in the then-current ASHRAE Standard 90.1 as mandatory minimums for heating, ventilating, and air-conditioning (HVAC) and service water-heating (SWH) equipment sold in the U.S. market, as well as a process for revising the minimum equipment efficiency standards to comply with requirements in an updated Standard 90.1. Because Standard 90.1 was updated in October 1999 (Standard 90.1-1999), DOE is now undertaking a rulemaking process for these equipment categories. In January 2001, DOE published a final rule adopting Standard 90.1-1999 levels as uniform national standards for 18 product categories of commercial HVAC and SWH equipment. For 11 other categories of commercial products, DOE has signaled its intention to consider more stringent standards than those adopted by the American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers, Inc. (ASHRAE). DOE has now initiated a formal rulemaking process to further analyze these equipment categories.
Sullivan, Terry [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States). Biological, Environmental, and Climate Sciences Dept.
2014-12-02T23:59:59.000Z
ZionSolutions is in the process of decommissioning the Zion Nuclear Power Plant in order to establish a new water treatment plant. There is some residual radioactive particles from the plant which need to be brought down to levels so an individual who receives water from the new treatment plant does not receive a radioactive dose in excess of 25 mrem/y?¹. The objectives of this report are: (a) To present a simplified conceptual model for release from the buildings with residual subsurface structures that can be used to provide an upper bound on contaminant concentrations in the fill material; (b) Provide maximum water concentrations and the corresponding amount of mass sorbed to the solid fill material that could occur in each building for use in dose assessment calculations; (c) Estimate the maximum concentration in a well located outside of the fill material; and (d) Perform a sensitivity analysis of key parameters.
Algorithms for optimized maximum entropy and diagnostic tools for analytic continuation
Bergeron, Dominic
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Analytic continuation of numerical data obtained in imaginary time or frequency has become an essential part of many branches of quantum computational physics. The maximum-entropy approach is the most widely used method whenever the data contains some numerical uncertainties, especially in Monte-Carlo based calculations. Here we present a highly optimized approach to maximum-entropy implemented in a freely available software that is both fast and accurate and offers quality-of-fit diagnostic tools. It can handle fermionic and bosonic input Green functions, self-energies, or correlation functions, both in Matsubara frequency or imaginary time, and with arbitrary covariance. All aspects of the implementation critical for accuracy and speed are optimized using specific numerical methods. A new way of choosing the optimal value of the entropy weight $\\alpha$ is also introduced. It is based on the identification of three different regimes in the value of $\\chi^2$ as a function of $\\alpha$: Large values of $\\alpha$...
Thompson, Louis Jean
1951-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
$ Vaximum Ordinstes and '-ums of Arras for the Influence Lines for !'oment ~t each Tenth Point, , "pan Ratio ~ 1. 50 Maximum Ordinate' and Sums of Areas for the Influence Lines for foment at each Tenth Point, Span Ratio e 1, 75 Maximum Ordlnates...~ '. ' '?t. kl k. t0 uwlz'f: azf. o, = . i [gy t~~"~j wivf fv' L lb LEAQIH of' M1D'zpALl ' /~zKA rr L ( ~ i) ME TROD U&CD FCP QALCULA [lUCf lhlf'l ULCC LINK kg, GAS l ', C, -~IL L I Cl amiss of all areas (Ae) for each influence line will also bs found...
Three dimensional winds: A maximum cross-correlation application to elastic lidar data
Buttler, W.T.
1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z
Maximum cross-correlation techniques have been used with satellite data to estimate winds and sea surface velocities for several years. Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) is currently using a variation of the basic maximum cross-correlation technique, coupled with a deterministic application of a vector median filter, to measure transverse winds as a function of range and altitude from incoherent elastic backscatter lidar (light detection and ranging) data taken throughout large volumes within the atmospheric boundary layer. Hourly representations of three-dimensional wind fields, derived from elastic lidar data taken during an air-quality study performed in a region of complex terrain near Sunland Park, New Mexico, are presented and compared with results from an Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) approved laser doppler velocimeter. The wind fields showed persistent large scale eddies as well as general terrain-following winds in the Rio Grande valley.
Letschert, Virginie E.; McNeil, Michael A.; Leiva Ibanez, Francisco Humberto; Ruiz, Ana Maria; Pavon, Mariana; Hall, Stephen
2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z
Minimum Efficiency Performance Standards (MEPS) have been chosen as part of Chile's national energy efficiency action plan. As a first MEPS, the Ministry of Energy has decided to focus on a regulation for lighting that would ban the sale of inefficient bulbs, effectively phasing out the use of incandescent lamps. Following major economies such as the US (EISA, 2007) , the EU (Ecodesign, 2009) and Australia (AS/NZS, 2008) who planned a phase out based on minimum efficacy requirements, the Ministry of Energy has undertaken the impact analysis of a MEPS on the residential lighting sector. Fundacion Chile (FC) and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) collaborated with the Ministry of Energy and the National Energy Efficiency Program (Programa Pais de Eficiencia Energetica, or PPEE) in order to produce a techno-economic analysis of this future policy measure. LBNL has developed for CLASP (CLASP, 2007) a spreadsheet tool called the Policy Analysis Modeling System (PAMS) that allows for evaluation of costs and benefits at the consumer level but also a wide range of impacts at the national level, such as energy savings, net present value of savings, greenhouse gas (CO2) emission reductions and avoided capacity generation due to a specific policy. Because historically Chile has followed European schemes in energy efficiency programs (test procedures, labelling program definitions), we take the Ecodesign commission regulation No 244/2009 as a starting point when defining our phase out program, which means a tiered phase out based on minimum efficacy per lumen category. The following data were collected in order to perform the techno-economic analysis: (1) Retail prices, efficiency and wattage category in the current market, (2) Usage data (hours of lamp use per day), and (3) Stock data, penetration of efficient lamps in the market. Using these data, PAMS calculates the costs and benefits of efficiency standards from two distinct but related perspectives: (1) The Life-Cycle Cost (LCC) calculation examines costs and benefits from the perspective of the individual household; and (2) The National Perspective projects the total national costs and benefits including both financial benefits, and energy savings and environmental benefits. The national perspective calculations are called the National Energy Savings (NES) and the Net Present Value (NPV) calculations. PAMS also calculate total emission mitigation and avoided generation capacity. This paper describes the data and methodology used in PAMS and presents the results of the proposed phase out of incandescent bulbs in Chile.
REMARKS ON THE MAXIMUM ENTROPY METHOD APPLIED TO FINITE TEMPERATURE LATTICE QCD.
UMEDA, T.; MATSUFURU, H.
2005-07-25T23:59:59.000Z
We make remarks on the Maximum Entropy Method (MEM) for studies of the spectral function of hadronic correlators in finite temperature lattice QCD. We discuss the virtues and subtlety of MEM in the cases that one does not have enough number of data points such as at finite temperature. Taking these points into account, we suggest several tests which one should examine to keep the reliability for the results, and also apply them using mock and lattice QCD data.
Hydrodynamic equations for electrons in graphene obtained from the maximum entropy principle
Barletti, Luigi, E-mail: luigi.barletti@unifi.it [Dipartimento di Matematica e Informatica “Ulisse Dini”, Università degli Studi di Firenze, Viale Morgagni 67/A, 50134 Firenze (Italy)
2014-08-15T23:59:59.000Z
The maximum entropy principle is applied to the formal derivation of isothermal, Euler-like equations for semiclassical fermions (electrons and holes) in graphene. After proving general mathematical properties of the equations so obtained, their asymptotic form corresponding to significant physical regimes is investigated. In particular, the diffusive regime, the Maxwell-Boltzmann regime (high temperature), the collimation regime and the degenerate gas limit (vanishing temperature) are considered.
Pflugrath, Brett D.; Brown, Richard S.; Carlson, Thomas J.
2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z
This study investigated the maximum depth at which juvenile Chinook salmon Oncorhynchus tshawytscha can acclimate by attaining neutral buoyancy. Depth of neutral buoyancy is dependent upon the volume of gas within the swim bladder, which greatly influences the occurrence of injuries to fish passing through hydroturbines. We used two methods to obtain maximum swim bladder volumes that were transformed into depth estimations - the increased excess mass test (IEMT) and the swim bladder rupture test (SBRT). In the IEMT, weights were surgically added to the fishes exterior, requiring the fish to increase swim bladder volume in order to remain neutrally buoyant. SBRT entailed removing and artificially increasing swim bladder volume through decompression. From these tests, we estimate the maximum acclimation depth for juvenile Chinook salmon is a median of 6.7m (range = 4.6-11.6 m). These findings have important implications to survival estimates, studies using tags, hydropower operations, and survival of juvenile salmon that pass through large Kaplan turbines typical of those found within the Columbia and Snake River hydropower system.
Automatic track recognition for large-angle minimum ionizing particles in nuclear emulsions
T. Fukuda; S. Fukunaga; H. Ishida; T. Matsumoto; T. Matsuo; S. Mikado; S. Nishimura; S. Ogawa; H. Shibuya; J. Sudou; A. Ariga; S. Tufanli
2014-12-19T23:59:59.000Z
We previously developed an automatic track scanning system which enables the detection of large-angle nuclear fragments in the nuclear emulsion films of the OPERA experiment. As a next step, we have investigated this system's track recognition capability for large-angle minimum ionizing particles $(1.0 \\leq |tan \\theta| \\leq 3.5)$. This paper shows that, for such tracks, the system has a detection efficiency of 95$\\%$ or higher and reports the achieved angular accuracy of the automatically recognized tracks. This technology is of general purpose and will likely contribute not only to various analyses in the OPERA experiment, but also to future experiments, e.g. on low-energy neutrino and hadron interactions, or to future research on cosmic rays using nuclear emulsions carried by balloons.
Probability density functions for the variable solar wind near the solar cycle minimum
Vörös,; Leitner, M; Narita, Y; Consolini, G; Kovács, P; Tóth, A; Lichtenberger, J
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Unconditional and conditional statistics is used for studying the histograms of magnetic field multi-scale fluctuations in the solar wind near the solar cycle minimum in 2008. The unconditional statistics involves the magnetic data during the whole year 2008. The conditional statistics involves the magnetic field time series splitted into concatenated subsets of data according to a threshold in dynamic pressure. The threshold separates fast stream leading edge compressional and trailing edge uncompressional fluctuations. The histograms obtained from these data sets are associated with both large-scale (B) and small-scale ({\\delta}B) magnetic fluctuations, the latter corresponding to time-delayed differences. It is shown here that, by keeping flexibility but avoiding the unnecessary redundancy in modeling, the histograms can be effectively described by a limited set of theoretical probability distribution functions (PDFs), such as the normal, log-normal, kappa and logkappa functions. In a statistical sense the...
On the minimum dark matter mass testable by neutrinos from the Sun
Busoni, Giorgio; Simone, Andrea De; Huang, Wei-Chih, E-mail: giorgio.busoni@sissa.it, E-mail: andrea.desimone@sissa.it, E-mail: wei-chih.huang@sissa.it [SISSA and INFN, Sezione di Trieste, via Bonomea 265, I-34136 Trieste (Italy)
2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z
We discuss a limitation on extracting bounds on the scattering cross section of dark matter with nucleons, using neutrinos from the Sun. If the dark matter particle is sufficiently light (less than about 4 GeV), the effect of evaporation is not negligible and the capture process goes in equilibrium with the evaporation. In this regime, the flux of solar neutrinos of dark matter origin becomes independent of the scattering cross section and therefore no constraint can be placed on it. We find the minimum values of dark matter masses for which the scattering cross section on nucleons can be probed using neutrinos from the Sun. We also provide simple and accurate fitting functions for all the relevant processes of GeV-scale dark matter in the Sun.
Observed Minimum Illuminance Threshold for Night Market Vendors in Kenya who use LED Lamps
Johnstone, Peter; Jacobson, Arne; Mills, Evan; Radecsky, Kristen
2009-03-21T23:59:59.000Z
Creation of light for work, socializing, and general illumination is a fundamental application of technology around the world. For those who lack access to electricity, an emerging and diverse range of LED based lighting products hold promise for replacing and/or augmenting their current fuel-based lighting sources that are costly and dirty. Along with analysis of environmental factors, economic models for total cost-ofownership of LED lighting products are an important tool for studying the impacts of these products as they emerge in markets of developing countries. One important metric in those models is the minimum illuminance demanded by end-users for a given task before recharging the lamp or replacing batteries. It impacts the lighting service cost per unit time if charging is done with purchased electricity, batteries, or charging services. The concept is illustrated in figure 1: LED lighting products are generally brightest immediately after the battery is charged or replaced and the illuminance degrades as the battery is discharged. When a minimum threshold level of illuminance is reached, the operational time for the battery charge cycle is over. The cost to recharge depends on the method utilized; these include charging at a shop at a fixed price per charge, charging on personal grid connections, using solar chargers, and purchasing dry cell batteries. This Research Note reports on the observed"charge-triggering" illuminance level threshold for night market vendors who use LED lighting products to provide general and task oriented illumination. All the study participants charged with AC power, either at a fixed-price charge shop or with electricity at their home.
Lee, B.L. Jr.; Dobelbower, M.C.; Tayloe, R.W. Jr.
1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z
This document represents Phase I of a two-phase project. The entire project consists of determining a series of minimum accidents of concern and their associated neutron and photon leakage spectra that may be used to determine Criticality Accident Alarm compliance with ANSI/ANS-8.3. The inadvertent assembly of a critical mass of material presents a multitude of unknown quantities. Depending on the particular process, one can make an educated guess as to fissile material. In a gaseous diffusion cascade, this material is assumed to be uranyl fluoride. However, educated assumptions cannot be readily made for the other variables. Phase I of this project is determining a bounding minimum accident of concern and its associated neutron and photon leakage spectra. To determine the composition of the bounding minimum accident of concern, work was done to determine the effects of geometry, moderation level, and enrichment on the leakage spectra of a critical assembly. The minimum accident of concern is defined as the accident that may be assumed to deliver the equivalent of an absorbed dose in free air of 20 rad at a distance of 2 meters from the reacting material within 60 seconds. To determine this dose, an analyst makes an assumption and choose an appropriate flux to dose response function. The power level required of a critical assembly to constitute a minimum accident of concern depends heavily on the response function chosen. The first step in determining the leakage spectra was to attempt to isolate the effects of geometry, after which all calculations were conducted on critical spheres. The moderation level and enrichment of the spheres were varied and their leakage spectra calculated. These spectra were then multiplied by three different response functions: the Henderson Flux to Dose conversion factors, the ICRU 44 Kerma in Air, and the MCNP Heating Detector. The power level required to produce a minimum accident of concern was then calculated for each combination.
Grether, Gregory
UC's Blue and Gold Opportunity Plan will cover your educational and student services fees,000 and if you qualify for financial aid. Blue and Gold Opportunity Plan will cover $12,192 for 2011-12 and $12 in an academic year term. Blue and Gold Plan does not extend to summer months. Meet basic, non
Almor, Amit
INTRAMURAL SPORTS TEAM REGISTRATION FORM To register your team, fill in the top portion of this form completely and bring it to the IM Office (WFC Room 201D) with entry fee. TEAM NAME:______________________________________________ NOTE: The University of South Carolina Intramural Sports Program reserves the right to change any team
Pražnikar, Jure [Institute Jožef Stefan, Jamova 39, 1000 Ljubljana (Slovenia); University of Primorska, (Slovenia); Turk, Dušan, E-mail: dusan.turk@ijs.si [Institute Jožef Stefan, Jamova 39, 1000 Ljubljana (Slovenia); Center of Excellence for Integrated Approaches in Chemistry and Biology of Proteins, (Slovenia)
2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z
The maximum-likelihood free-kick target, which calculates model error estimates from the work set and a randomly displaced model, proved superior in the accuracy and consistency of refinement of crystal structures compared with the maximum-likelihood cross-validation target, which calculates error estimates from the test set and the unperturbed model. The refinement of a molecular model is a computational procedure by which the atomic model is fitted to the diffraction data. The commonly used target in the refinement of macromolecular structures is the maximum-likelihood (ML) function, which relies on the assessment of model errors. The current ML functions rely on cross-validation. They utilize phase-error estimates that are calculated from a small fraction of diffraction data, called the test set, that are not used to fit the model. An approach has been developed that uses the work set to calculate the phase-error estimates in the ML refinement from simulating the model errors via the random displacement of atomic coordinates. It is called ML free-kick refinement as it uses the ML formulation of the target function and is based on the idea of freeing the model from the model bias imposed by the chemical energy restraints used in refinement. This approach for the calculation of error estimates is superior to the cross-validation approach: it reduces the phase error and increases the accuracy of molecular models, is more robust, provides clearer maps and may use a smaller portion of data for the test set for the calculation of R{sub free} or may leave it out completely.
A New Maximum-Likelihood Change Estimator for Two-Pass SAR Coherent Change Detection.
Wahl, Daniel E.; Yocky, David A.; Jakowatz, Charles V,
2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper, we derive a new optimal change metric to be used in synthetic aperture RADAR (SAR) coherent change detection (CCD). Previous CCD methods tend to produce false alarm states (showing change when there is none) in areas of the image that have a low clutter-to-noise power ratio (CNR). The new estimator does not suffer from this shortcoming. It is a surprisingly simple expression, easy to implement, and is optimal in the maximum-likelihood (ML) sense. The estimator produces very impressive results on the CCD collects that we have tested.
Study on Two Optimization Problems: Line Cover and Maximum Genus Embedding
Cao, Cheng
2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z
programming duality. We de ne a new problem called Non-collinear Packing Problem (NPP) as the following: De nition B.1. Non-collinear Packing Problem Given a set P of n points on the Euclidean plane R2, nd a maximum subset S P of non-collinear points, i....e. any three points are not collinear. Before proving the duality between NPP and LCP, we need to show how to formulate both problems to linear programming. To formulate the form of linear pro- gramming for instances of LCP and NNP, we use a few...
Ronnie Jansson; Glennys R. Farrar
2007-08-20T23:59:59.000Z
We extend the Maximum Likelihood method used by HiRes to study cross correlations between a catalog of candidate astrophysical sources and Ultrahigh Energy Cosmic Rays (UHECRs), to allow for differing source luminosities. Our approach permits individual sources to be ranked according to their likelihood of having emitted the correlated UHECRs. We test both old and new method by simulations for various scenarios. We conclude that there are 9 true correlation between HiRes UHECRs and known BLLacs, with a 6*10^-5 probability of such a correlation arising by chance.
Stone, G. A.; DeVito, E. M.; Nease, N. H.
2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Code?s 0.40 Maximum SHGC Requirement It is expected that most builders will meet the new SHGC requirement through upgraded windows, glazed doors and skylights. In fact, the SHGC level and the climate range in the Texas energy code are based... primarily on the energy-related cost savings from upgrading double-pane insulated glass units with low-cost, low solar gain, low-e coatings. These coatings produce cost-effective cooling savings and an increase in the insulating value of the glass...
Dynamics of multi-modes maximum entangled coherent state over amplitude damping channel
A. El Allati; Y. Hassouni; N. Metwally
2012-02-18T23:59:59.000Z
The dynamics of maximum entangled coherent state travels through an amplitude damping channel is investigated. For small values of the transmissivity rate the travelling state is very fragile to this noise channel, where it suffers from the phase flip error with high probability. The entanglement decays smoothly for larger values of the transmissivity rate and speedily for smaller values of this rate. As the number of modes increases, the travelling state over this noise channel loses its entanglement hastily. The odd and even states vanish at the same value of the field intensity.
The ACT{sup 2} project: Demonstration of maximum energy efficiency in real buildings
Crawley, D.B. [Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States); Krieg, B.L. [Pacific Gas and Electric Co., San Ramon, CA (United States)
1991-11-01T23:59:59.000Z
A large US utility recently began a project to determine whether the use of new energy-efficient end-use technologies and systems would economically achieve substantial energy savings (perhaps as high as 75% over current practice). Using a field-based demonstration approach, the Advanced Customer Technology Test (ACT{sup 2}) for Maximum Energy Efficiency is providing information on the maximum energy savings possible when integrated packages of new high-efficiency end-use technologies are incorporated into commercial and residential buildings and industrial and agricultural processes. This paper details the underlying rationale, approach, results to date, and future plans for ACT{sup 2}. The ultimate goal is energy efficiency (doing more with less energy) rather than energy conservation (freezing in the dark). In this paper, we first explain why a major United States utility is committed to pursuing demand-side management so aggressively. Next, we discuss the approach the utility chose for conducting the ACT{sup 2} project. We then review results obtained to date from the project`s pilot demonstration site. Last, we describe other related demonstration projects being proposed by the utility.
The ACT sup 2 project: Demonstration of maximum energy efficiency in real buildings
Crawley, D.B. (Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States)); Krieg, B.L. (Pacific Gas and Electric Co., San Ramon, CA (United States))
1991-11-01T23:59:59.000Z
A large US utility recently began a project to determine whether the use of new energy-efficient end-use technologies and systems would economically achieve substantial energy savings (perhaps as high as 75% over current practice). Using a field-based demonstration approach, the Advanced Customer Technology Test (ACT{sup 2}) for Maximum Energy Efficiency is providing information on the maximum energy savings possible when integrated packages of new high-efficiency end-use technologies are incorporated into commercial and residential buildings and industrial and agricultural processes. This paper details the underlying rationale, approach, results to date, and future plans for ACT{sup 2}. The ultimate goal is energy efficiency (doing more with less energy) rather than energy conservation (freezing in the dark). In this paper, we first explain why a major United States utility is committed to pursuing demand-side management so aggressively. Next, we discuss the approach the utility chose for conducting the ACT{sup 2} project. We then review results obtained to date from the project's pilot demonstration site. Last, we describe other related demonstration projects being proposed by the utility.
A Fast Parallel Maximum Clique Algorithm for Large Sparse Graphs and Temporal Strong Components
Rossi, Ryan A; Gebremedhin, Assefaw H; Patwary, Md Mostofa Ali
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We propose a fast, parallel, maximum clique algorithm for large, sparse graphs that is designed to exploit characteristics of social and information networks. We observe roughly linear runtime scaling over graphs between 1000 vertices and 100M vertices. In a test with a 1.8 billion-edge social network, the algorithm finds the largest clique in about 20 minutes. For social networks, in particular, we found that using the core number of a vertex in combination with a good heuristic clique finder efficiently removes the vast majority of the search space. In addition, we parallelize the exploration of the search tree. In the algorithm, processes immediately communicate changes to upper and lower bounds on the size of maximum clique, which occasionally results in a super-linear speedup because vertices with especially large search spaces can be pruned by other processes. We use this clique finder to investigate the size of the largest temporal strong components in dynamic networks, which requires finding the large...
Murton, Mark; Bouchier, Francis A.; vanDongen, Dale T.; Mack, Thomas Kimball; Cutler, Robert Paul; Ross, Michael P.
2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z
Although technological advances provide new capabilities to increase the robustness of security systems, they also potentially introduce new vulnerabilities. New capability sometimes requires new performance requirements. This paper outlines an approach to establishing a key performance requirement for an emerging intrusion detection sensor: the sensored net. Throughout the security industry, the commonly adopted standard for maximum opening size through barriers is a requirement based on square inches-typically 96 square inches. Unlike standard rigid opening, the dimensions of a flexible aperture are not fixed, but variable and conformable. It is demonstrably simple for a human intruder to move through a 96-square-inch opening that is conformable to the human body. The longstanding 96-square-inch requirement itself, though firmly embedded in policy and best practice, lacks a documented empirical basis. This analysis concluded that the traditional 96-square-inch standard for openings is insufficient for flexible openings that are conformable to the human body. Instead, a circumference standard is recommended for these newer types of sensored barriers. The recommended maximum circumference for a flexible opening should be no more than 26 inches, as measured on the inside of the netting material.
Variable Selection for Modeling the Absolute Magnitude at Maximum of Type Ia Supernovae
Uemura, Makoto; Kawabata, S; Ikeda, Shiro; Maeda, Keiichi
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We discuss what is an appropriate set of explanatory variables in order to predict the absolute magnitude at the maximum of Type Ia supernovae. In order to have a good prediction, the error for future data, which is called the "generalization error," should be small. We use cross-validation in order to control the generalization error and LASSO-type estimator in order to choose the set of variables. This approach can be used even in the case that the number of samples is smaller than the number of candidate variables. We studied the Berkeley supernova database with our approach. Candidates of the explanatory variables include normalized spectral data, variables about lines, and previously proposed flux-ratios, as well as the color and light-curve widths. As a result, we confirmed the past understanding about Type Ia supernova: i) The absolute magnitude at maximum depends on the color and light-curve width. ii) The light-curve width depends on the strength of Si II. Recent studies have suggested to add more va...
Bounds and phase diagram of efficiency at maximum power for tight-coupling molecular motors
Z. C. Tu
2013-02-08T23:59:59.000Z
The efficiency at maximum power (EMP) for tight-coupling molecular motors is investigated within the framework of irreversible thermodynamics. It is found that the EMP depends merely on the constitutive relation between the thermodynamic current and force. The motors are classified into four generic types (linear, superlinear, sublinear, and mixed types) according to the characteristics of the constitutive relation, and then the corresponding ranges of the EMP for these four types of molecular motors are obtained. The exact bounds of the EMP are derived and expressed as the explicit functions of the free energy released by the fuel in each motor step. A phase diagram is constructed which clearly shows how the region where the parameters (the load distribution factor and the free energy released by the fuel in each motor step) are located can determine whether the value of the EMP is larger or smaller than 1/2. This phase diagram reveals that motors using ATP as fuel under physiological conditions can work at maximum power with higher efficiency ($>1/2$) for a small load distribution factor ($<0.1$).
The Effect of Proton Temperature Anisotropy on the Solar Minimum Corona and Wind
Alberto M. Vasquez; Adriaan A. van Ballegooijen; John C. Raymond
2003-10-29T23:59:59.000Z
A semi-empirical, axisymmetric model of the solar minimum corona is developed by solving the equations for conservation of mass and momentum with prescribed anisotropic temperature distributions. In the high-latitude regions, the proton temperature anisotropy is strong and the associated mirror force plays an important role in driving the fast solar wind; the critical point where the outflow velocity equals the parallel sound speed is reached already at 1.5 Rsun from Sun center. The slow wind arises from a region with open field lines and weak anisotropy surrounding the equatorial streamer belt. The model parameters were chosen to reproduce the observed latitudinal extent of the equatorial streamer in the corona and at large distance from the Sun. We find that the magnetic cusp of the closed-field streamer core lies at about 1.95 Rsun. The transition from fast to slow wind is due to a decrease in temperature anisotropy combined with the non-monotonic behavior of the non-radial expansion factor in flow tubes that pass near the streamer cusp. In the slow wind, the plasma beta is of order unity and the critical point lies at about 5 Rsun, well beyond the magnetic cusp. The predicted outflow velocities are consistent with OVI Doppler dimming measurements from UVCS/SOHO. We also find good agreement with polarized brightness (pB) measurements from LASCO/SOHO and HI Ly-alpha images from UVCS/SOHO.
Determine Minimum Silver Flake Addition to GCM for Iodine Loaded AgZ
Garino, Terry J.; Nenoff, Tina M.; Rodriguez, Mark A.
2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z
The minimum amount of silver flake required to prevent loss of I{sub 2} during sintering in air for a SNL Glass Composite Material (GCM) Waste Form containing AgI-MOR (ORNL, 8.7 wt%) was determined to be 1.1 wt% Ag. The final GCM composition prior to sintering was 20 wt% AgI-MOR, 1.1 wt% Ag, and 80 wt% Bi-Si oxide glass. The amount of silver flake needed to suppress iodine loss was determined using thermo gravimetric analysis with mass spectroscopic off-gas analysis. These studies found that the ratio of silver to AgI-MOR required is lower in the presence of the glass than without it. Therefore an additional benefit of the GCM is that it serves to inhibit some iodine loss during processing. Alternatively, heating the AgI-MOR in inert atmosphere instead of air allowed for densified GCM formation without I{sub 2} loss, and no necessity for the addition of Ag. The cause of this behavior is found to be related to the oxidation of the metallic Ag to Ag{sup +} when heated to above ~300{degrees}C in air. Heating rate, iodine loading levels and atmosphere are the important variables that determine AgI migration and results suggest that AgI may be completely incorporated into the mordenite structure by the 550{degrees}C sintering temperature.
The effect of longitudinal spacer ribs on the minimum pressure drop in a heated annulus
Johnston, B.S.; Neff, J.M.
1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
When evaluating a heated flow passage for vulnerability to static flow excursions, special note should be taken of flow restrictions which might allow premature vapor generation. In this study, measurements of steady state pressure drop were made for the downward flow of water in a vertical annulus. The outer wall was uniformly heated to allow subcooled boiling. Minima in the pressure drop characteristics were compared for test sections with and without longitudinal spacer ribs. For a given power and inlet temperature, the minimum occurred at a higher flow rate in the ribbed test section. This is attributed to vapor generation at the ribs. The work cited in this document show how a restriction in a heated channel can produce vapor which would not be observed in the absence of the restriction. In the present study, the effect of a flow restriction on the tendency to flow excursion is explored by finding demand curves for a heated annulus in subcooled boiling flow. The annulus is heated from the outside, and alternately equipped with and without longitudinal spacer ribs. These ribs separate the heated and unheated walls; in pressing against the heated wall they provide a means for premature vapor production.
Hawley, Alyse K.; Brewer, Heather M.; Norbeck, Angela D.; Pasa-Tolic, Ljiljana; Hallam, Steven J.
2014-08-05T23:59:59.000Z
Oxygen minimum zones (OMZs) are intrinsic water column features arising from respiratory oxygen demand during organic matter degradation in stratified marine waters. Currently OMZs are expanding due to global climate change. This expansion alters marine ecosystem function and the productivity of fisheries due to habitat compression and changes in biogeochemical cycling leading to fixed nitrogen loss and greenhouse gas production. Here we use metaproteomics to chart spatial and temporal patterns of gene expression along defined redox gradients in a seasonally anoxic fjord, Saanich Inlet to better understand microbial community responses to OMZ expansion. The expression of metabolic pathway components for nitrification, anaerobic ammonium oxidation (anammox), denitrification and inorganic carbon fixation predominantly co-varied with abundance and distribution patterns of Thaumarchaeota, Nitrospira, Planctomycetes and SUP05/ARCTIC96BD-19 Gammaproteobacteria. Within these groups, pathways mediating inorganic carbon fixation and nitrogen and sulfur transformations were differentially expressed across the redoxcline. Nitrification and inorganic carbon fixation pathways affiliated with Thaumarchaeota dominated dysoxic waters and denitrification, sulfur-oxidation and inorganic carbon fixation pathways affiliated with SUP05 dominated suboxic and anoxic waters. Nitrite-oxidation and anammox pathways affiliated with Nitrospina and Planctomycetes respectively, also exhibited redox partitioning between dysoxic and suboxic waters. The differential expression of these pathways under changing water column redox conditions has quantitative implications for coupled biogeochemical cycling linking different modes of inorganic carbon fixation with distributed nitrogen and sulfur-based energy metabolism extensible to coastal and open ocean OMZs.
The Minimum of Solar Cycle 23: As Deep as It Could Be?
Muñoz-Jaramillo, Andrés; Longcope, Dana W; Tlatov, Andrey G; Pevtsov, Alexei A; Balmaceda, Laura A; DeLuca, Edward E; Martens, Petrus C H
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
In this work we introduce a new way of binning sunspot group data with the purpose of better understanding the impact of the solar cycle on sunspot properties and how this defined the characteristics of the extended minimum of cycle 23. Our approach assumes that the statistical properties of sunspots are completely determined by the strength of the underlying large-scale field and have no additional time dependencies. We use the amplitude of the cycle at any given moment (something we refer to as activity level) as a proxy for the strength of this deep-seated magnetic field. We find that the sunspot size distribution is composed of two populations: one population of groups and active regions and a second population of pores and ephemeral regions. When fits are performed at periods of different activity level, only the statistical properties of the former population, the active regions, is found to vary. Finally, we study the relative contribution of each component (small-scale versus large-scale) to solar mag...
Minimum Analytical Chemistry Requirements for Pit Manufacturing at Los Alamos National Laboratory
Moy, Ming M.; Leasure, Craig S.
1998-08-01T23:59:59.000Z
Analytical chemistry is one of several capabilities necessary for executing the Stockpile Stewardship and Management Program at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL). Analytical chemistry capabilities reside in the Chemistry Metallurgy Research (CMR) Facility and Plutonium Facility (TA-55). These analytical capabilities support plutonium recovery operations, plutonium metallurgy, and waste management. Analytical chemistry capabilities at both nuclear facilities are currently being configured to support pit manufacturing. This document summarizes the minimum analytical chemistry capabilities required to sustain pit manufacturing at LANL. By the year 2004, approximately $16 million will be required to procure analytical instrumentation to support pit manufacturing. In addition, $8.5 million will be required to procure glovebox enclosures. An estimated 50% increase in costs has been included for installation of analytical instruments and glovebox enclosures. However, no general and administrative (G and A) taxes have been included. If an additional 42.5/0 G and A tax were to be incurred, approximately $35 million would be required over the next five years to prepare analytical chemistry to support a 50-pit-per-year manufacturing capability by the year 2004.
Minimum Bias Trigger Scintillators for ATLAS: Commissioning and Run 2 Initial Operation
Dano Hoffmann, Maria; The ATLAS collaboration
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The Minimum Bias Trigger Scintillators (MBTS) delivered the primary trigger for selecting events from low luminosity proton-proton, lead-lead and lead-proton collisions with the smallest possible bias during LHC Run 1 (2009-2013). Similarly, the MBTS will select events for the first Run 2 physics measurements, for instance charge multiplicity, proton-proton cross section, rapidity gap measurements, etc. at the unprecedented 13 TeV center of mass energy of proton-proton collisions. We will review the upgrades to the MBTS detector that have been implemented during the 2013-2014 shutdown. New scintillators have been installed to replace the radiation damaged ones, a modified optical readout scheme have been adopted to increase the light yield and an improved data acquisition chain has been used to cope with the few issues observed during Run 1 operations. Since late 2014, MBTS have been commissioned during cosmic data taking, first LHC beam splashes and single beam LHC fills. The goal is to have a fully commissi...
Solar wind turbulence at 0.72 AU and solar minimum
Teodorescu, Eliza; Munteanu, Costel; Zhang, Tielong; Bruno, Roberto; Kovacs, Peter
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We investigate Venus Express (VEX) observations of magnetic field fluctuations performed systematically in the solar wind at 0.72 Astronomical Units (AU), between 2007 and 2009, during the deep minimum of the solar cycle 24. The Power Spectral Densities (PSD) of the magnetic field components have been computed for the time intervals that satisfy data integrity criteria and have been grouped according to the type of wind, fast and slow defined for speeds larger and respectively smaller than 450 km/s. The PSDs show higher levels of power for the fast than for the slow wind. The spectral slopes estimated for all PSDs in the frequency range 0.005-0.1 Hz exhibit a normal distribution. The average value of the trace of the spectral matrix is -1.60 for fast solar wind and -1.65 for slow wind. Compared to the corresponding average slopes at 1 AU, the PSDs are shallower at 0.72 AU for slow wind conditions suggesting a steepening of the solar wind spectra between Venus and Earth. No significant time variation trend is ...
Approaching the Minimum Thermal Conductivity in Rhenium-Substituted Higher Manganese Silicides
Chen, Xi [University of Texas at Austin] [University of Texas at Austin; Girard, S. N. [University of Wisconsin, Madison] [University of Wisconsin, Madison; Meng, F. [University of Wisconsin, Madison] [University of Wisconsin, Madison; Lara-Curzio, Edgar [ORNL] [ORNL; Jin, S [University of Wisconsin, Madison] [University of Wisconsin, Madison; Goodenough, J. B. [University of Texas at Austin] [University of Texas at Austin; Zhou, J. S. [University of Texas at Austin] [University of Texas at Austin; Shi, L [University of Texas at Austin] [University of Texas at Austin
2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Higher manganese silicides (HMS) made of earth-abundant and non-toxic elements are regarded as promising p-type thermoelectric materials because their complex crystal structure results in low lattice thermal conductivity. It is shown here that the already low thermal conductivity of HMS can be reduced further to approach the minimum thermal conductivity via partial substitu- tion of Mn with heavier rhenium (Re) to increase point defect scattering. The solubility limit of Re in the obtained RexMn1 xSi1.8 is determined to be about x = 0.18. Elemental inhomogeneity and the formation of ReSi1.75 inclusions with 50 200 nm size are found within the HMS matrix. It is found that the power factor does not change markedly at low Re content of x 0.04 before it drops considerably at higher Re contents. Compared to pure HMS, the reduced lattice thermal conductivity in RexMn1 xSi1.8 results in a 25% increase of the peak figure of merit ZT to reach 0.57 0.08 at 800 K for x = 0.04. The suppressed thermal conductivity in the pure RexMn1 xSi1.8 can enable further investigations of the ZT limit of this system by exploring different impurity doping strategies to optimize the carrier concentration and power factor.
Berdichevsky, Victor
Doctoral Program in Biomedical Engineering Admission to this program is contingent upon admission to the Graduate School. The minimum requirements for admission into the Doctoral Program in Biomedical Engineering in Biomedical Engineering, or other closely related field from an accredited institution. · A GPA of at least 3
A dual model-free control of non-minimum phase systems for generation of stable limit cycles
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
A dual model-free control of non-minimum phase systems for generation of stable limit cycles S parameters tuning. It is therefore easy to build a controller for an unknown system. Model-free control has of flow. In [14], model-free control methodology is applied to a power converter, where stable regulation
Johansson, Karl Henrik
) and ma directed arcs (i.e., transmission lines) on which power flows. The flow can The authorsElectric Power Network Security Analysis via Minimum Cut Relaxation Kin Cheong Sou, Henrik Sandberg the security of power transmission networks is presented. In order to strategically allocate protection devices
Mi, Chunting "Chris"
Energy management of power-split plug-in hybrid electric vehicles based on simulated annealing Accepted 14 August 2014 Available online 27 August 2014 Keywords: Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles Fuel-rate Pontryagin's minimum principle Simulated annealing State of health a b s t r a c t In this paper, an energy
Task Allocation for Minimum System Power in a Homogenous Multi-core Processor Yang Ge, Qinru Qiu
Qiu, Qinru
. At micro- architecture level, increased power density has set up a "Power Wall" which blocks the microTask Allocation for Minimum System Power in a Homogenous Multi-core Processor Yang Ge, Qinru Qiu power consumption of a homogenous multi-core processor with a main focus on its impact on the leakage
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
Non Intrusive Measures for Determining the Minimum Field of View for User Search Task in 3D Virtual on the use of several novel non- intrusive temporal and quantitative measures of visual attention, such as engines. The use of this virtual camera can show interesting results for non-invasive study
Chahar, B. R.
conveyance systems for deliv- ering water for irrigation. The seepage loss from irrigation canals constitutesJOURNAL OF IRRIGATION AND DRAINAGE ENGINEERING / SEPTEMBER/OCTOBER 2001 / 287 DESIGN OF MINIMUM other factors [International Commission on Irrigation and Drainage (ICID) (1967)]. Analytical solutions
Chahar, B. R.
. INTRODUCTION Canals continue to be major conveyance systems for deliv- ering water for irrigation28 / JOURNAL OF IRRIGATION AND DRAINAGE ENGINEERING / JANUARY/FEBRUARY 2000 DESIGN OF MINIMUM in the alluvial plains of India. But the seepage loss from irrigation canals constitutes a substantial percentage
Aalberts, Daniel P.
An Association of Independent Blue Cross and Blue Shield Plans This health plan meets Minimum, as part of the Massachusetts Health Care Reform Law. HMO Blue New EnglandSM Summary of Benefits Williams College #12;Your Care Your Primary Care Provider. When you enroll in HMO Blue New England, you must choose
Lan, Chenyang
2005-08-29T23:59:59.000Z
Considered in this thesis is multi-input multi-output (MIMO) systems with non-minimum phase (NMP) zeros and unstable poles where some of the unstable poles are located to the right of the NMP zeros. In the single-input single-output (SISO) case...
Chen, Xin
thus formulated in the framework of genome rearrangement. As an important one among them, the minimum breakpoint linearization (MBL) problem is to find the total order of a partially-ordered genome that minimizes its breakpoint distance to a reference genome whose genes are already totally ordered
Eldar, Yonina
IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SIGNAL PROCESSING, VOL. 54, NO. 6, JUNE 2006 2155 A Minimum Squared processing entails representing a signal by a set of coefficients and relies on the existence of methods kernel. In practice, however, the input signal is never perfectly bandlimited, and the sampling process
A Minimum Free Energy Reaction Path for the E2 Reaction between Fluoro Ethane and a Fluoride Ion
Nielsen, Steven O.
A Minimum Free Energy Reaction Path for the E2 Reaction between Fluoro Ethane and a Fluoride Ion, such as the mechanism and the free-energy profile, remains an important challenge not only for enzyme catalysis1 of the reaction free-energy profile is very cumbersome with constrained molecular dynamics (MD) and umbrella
Sidiropoulos, Nikolaos D.
Beamforming for Minimum Outage Vassilis Ntranos, Nicholas D. Sidiropoulos, and Leandros Tassiulas Abstract--The multicast beamforming problem is considered from the viewpoint of minimizing outage probability subject (locations) and variances (spreads). It is shown that minimizing outage probability subject to a transmit