Powered by Deep Web Technologies
Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "minimize delivered cost" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

An algorithm for minimization of quantum cost  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A new algorithm for minimization of quantum cost of quantum circuits has been designed. The quantum cost of different quantum circuits of particular interest (eg. circuits for EPR, quantum teleportation, shor code and different quantum arithmetic operations) are computed by using the proposed algorithm. The quantum costs obtained using the proposed algorithm is compared with the existing results and it is found that the algorithm has produced minimum quantum cost in all cases.

Anindita Banerjee; Anirban Pathak

2009-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

2

U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Delivers Cost and Schedule Validation...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Army Corps of Engineers Delivers Cost and Schedule Validation for Hanford Waste Treatment Plant U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Delivers Cost and Schedule Validation for Hanford Waste...

3

Delivering  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Delivering Delivering Excellence in Science for Our Nation Los Alamos National Laboratory is operated by Los Alamos National Security, LLC for DOE's National Nuclear Security Administration Los Alamos National Security, LLC 2009 LANS Board of Governors Report Los Alamos National Security is dedicated to Laboratory's value as an engine of national security science and technology, one that benefits the nation and the world. Bearing oversight responsibility for such an institution is sobering, exciting, and gratifying. This report outlines achievements and challenges, strategies and opportunities associated with national security issues, and the ability of Los Alamos to address them." -Norman Pattiz Chair, LANS, LLC Board of Governors " increasing this Contents

4

The train fueling cost minimization problem with fuzzy fuel prices  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The train fueling cost minimization problem is to find a scheduling and fueling strategy such that the fueling cost is minimized and no train runs out of fuel. Since fuel prices vary by location and time from mon...

Xiang Li; Chen-Fu Chien; Lixing Yang…

2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Delivers Cost and Schedule Validation for  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Army Corps of Engineers Delivers Cost and Schedule Validation Army Corps of Engineers Delivers Cost and Schedule Validation for Hanford Waste Treatment Plant U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Delivers Cost and Schedule Validation for Hanford Waste Treatment Plant September 7, 2006 - 8:53am Addthis Corps Report Validates Cost of $12.2 billion and Construction Completion in November 2019 WASHINGTON, DC - The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) today released the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) report detailing their extensive review and validation of the project contractor, Bechtel National Inc.'s Estimate at Completion - or detailed cost and schedule - for Hanford's Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant (WTP) in southeastern Washington State. To reduce uncertainty in the planning of this first-of-its kind project, Secretary Samuel W. Bodman last year requested this independent

6

Minimizing electricity costs with an auxiliary generator using stochastic programming  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis addresses the problem of minimizing a facility's electricity costs by generating optimal responses using an auxiliary generator as the parameter of the control systems. The-goal of the thesis is to find an ...

Rafiuly, Paul, 1976-

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

ORISE: Delivering Cost Savings and Customer Service with Off-the-Shelf  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Cost Savings and Customer Service Cost Savings and Customer Service ORISE delivers Cost Savings and Customer Service with Off-the-Shelf Software The Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education's (ORISE) Scientific Peer Review Program is no different than any other organization striving to do more with less in the current economy. With smaller budgets and faster turnaround needed for proposal reviews, utilizing Web-based collaboration tools to share information is necessary. Therefore, the ORISE team built a project tracking and management system with off-the-shelf products-an immediate cost and time-saver. In a recent example involving the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), ORISE conducted an annual merit review-a complete and objective examination of DOE funded projects

8

Optimal Bus Stop Spacing for Minimizing Transit Operation Cost and Robert L. Bertini2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Two cost functions are considered in the model including passenger access cost and in-vehicle1 Optimal Bus Stop Spacing for Minimizing Transit Operation Cost Huan Li1 and Robert L. Bertini2 model is generated with the aim at minimizing the operation cost without impact on transit accessibility

Bertini, Robert L.

9

Cost Minimization in an Energy-Intensive Plant Using Mathematical Programming Approaches  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Cost Minimization in an Energy-Intensive Plant Using Mathematical Programming Approaches ... This creates a potential opportunity to reduce average operating costs by changing the operating mode and production rates depending on the power costs. ...

M. G. Ierapetritou; D. Wu; J. Vin; P. Sweeney; M. Chigirinskiy

2002-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

10

Cost minimization for computational applications on hybrid cloud infrastructures  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We address the problem of task planning on multiple clouds formulated as a mixed integer nonlinear programming problem (MINLP). Its specification with AMPL modeling language allows us to apply solvers such as Bonmin and Cbc. Our model assumes multiple heterogeneous compute and storage cloud providers, such as Amazon, Rackspace, GoGrid, ElasticHosts and a private cloud, parameterized by costs and performance, including constraints on maximum number of resources at each cloud. The optimization objective is the total cost, under deadline constraint. We compute the relation between deadline and cost for a sample set of data- and compute-intensive tasks, representing bioinformatics experiments. Our results illustrate typical problems when making decisions on deployment planning on clouds and how they can be addressed using optimization techniques.

Maciej Malawski; Kamil Figiela; Jarek Nabrzyski

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Minimizing Building Electricity Costs in a Dynamic Power Market: Algorithms and Impact on Energy Conservation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Minimizing Building Electricity Costs in a Dynamic Power Market: Algorithms and Impact on Energy of Computing, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong, P. R. China 2 Department of Electrical and the electricity bills nowa- days are leading to unprecedented costs. Electricity price is market-based and dynamic

Wang, Dan

12

Minimizing the Operational Cost of Data Centers via Geographical Electricity Price Diversity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Minimizing the Operational Cost of Data Centers via Geographical Electricity Price Diversity amounts of electric power, which lead to high operational costs of cloud service providers. Reducing cloud environment by incorporating the diversity of time-varying electricity prices in different regions

Liang, Weifa

13

MINIMIZING WASTE AND COST IN DISPOSITION OF LEGACY RESIDUES  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Research is being conducted at the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) which is directed toward development of a quantitative basis for disposition of actinide-bearing process residues (both legacy residues and residues generated from ongoing programmatic operations). This research is focused in two directions: (1) identifying minimum negative consequence (waste, dose, cost) dispositions working within regulatory safeguards termination criteria, and (2) evaluating logistics/consequences of across-the-board residue discards such as authorized at Rocky Flats under a safeguards termination variance. The first approach emphasizes Laboratory commitments to environmental stewardship, worker safety, and fiscal responsibility. This approach has been described as the Plutonium Disposition Methodology (PDM) in deference to direction provided by DOE Albuquerque. The second approach is born of the need to expedite removal of residues from storage for programmatic and reasons and residue storage safety concerns. Any disposition path selected must preserve the legal distinction between residues as Special Nuclear Material (SNM) and discardable materials as waste in order to insure the continuing viability of Laboratory plutonium processing facilities for national security operations.

J. BALKEY; M. ROBINSON

2001-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Study of design parameters for minimizing the cost of electricity of tokamak fusion power reactors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The impact of the design parameters on the cost of electricity (COE) is studied through a parameter survey in order to minimize the COE. Three kinds of operating modes are considered; first stability (FS), second stability (SS) and reversed shear (RS). The COE is calculated by a coupled physics-engineering-cost computer system code. Deuterium-tritium type, 1000 MW(e) at electric bus bar, steady state tokamak reactors with aspect ratios A from 3 to 4.5 are assumed. Several criteria are used for the parameter survey; for example, (a) the thermal to electrical conversion efficiency is assumed to be 34.5% using water as a coolant; (b) the average neutron wall load must not exceed 5 MW/m2 for plasma major radius Rp > 5 m; (c) a 2 MeV neutral beam injector (NBI) is applied. It is found that the RS operating mode most minimizes the COE among the three operating modes by reducing the cost of the current drive and the coils and structures. The cost-minimized RS reactor can attain high fbs, high ?N and low q95 at the same time, which results in a short Rp of 5.1 m, a low Bmax of the maximum magnetic toroidal field (TF) of the TF coils of 13 T and a low A of 3.0. It can be concluded that this cost-minimized RS reactor is the most cost-minimized within the frameworks of this study. This cost-minimized RS reactor has two advantages: one is that a Bmax = 13 T TF coil can be made by use of ITER coil technology and the other is that the same cooling technology as that of ITER (water cooling) can be used.

K. Tokimatsu; K. Okano; T. Yoshida; K. Yamaji; M. Katsurai

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Abstract One way for animals to decrease energy ex-penditures is to minimize the cost of movement. For ani-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abstract One way for animals to decrease energy ex- penditures is to minimize the cost of movement. For ani- mals dwelling on slopes, gravity can impart a large ener- getic cost to movement. For this reason (specifically hillslope angle) so as to minimize their energetic costs. Subterra- nean animals should also

Chadwick, Oliver A.

16

Distributed Load Demand Scheduling in Smart Grid to Minimize Electricity Generation Cost  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is to perform demand side management (DSM) [1], which aims at matching the consum- ers' electricity demand between electricity consumption and generation. On the consumption side, electric demand ramps upDistributed Load Demand Scheduling in Smart Grid to Minimize Electricity Generation Cost Siyu Yue

Pedram, Massoud

17

Project Controls to Minimize Cost and Schedule Overruns: A Model, Research Agenda, and Initial Results  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 of 27 Project Controls to Minimize Cost and Schedule Overruns: A Model, Research Agenda been successfully applied to the study of projects for many years. While this modeling has clearly defined the structures which create project dynamics, it has been less helpful in providing explicit

Ford, David N.

18

Minimizing the Energy Cost of Throughput in a Linear Pipeline by Opportunistic Time Borrowing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Minimizing the Energy Cost of Throughput in a Linear Pipeline by Opportunistic Time Borrowing a technique to optimize the energy-delay product of a synchronous linear pipeline circuit with dynamic error and clock frequency of the design by exploiting slacks that are present in various stages of the pipeline

Pedram, Massoud

19

Theory and Algorithms for Software Pipelining with Minimal Cost on Nested Loops  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Theory and Algorithms for Software Pipelining with Minimal Cost on Nested Loops Qingfeng Zhuge. However, little research has been done for the software pipelining problem on nested loops. The existing software pipelining techniques for single loops can only explore the innermost loop parallelism of a nested

Sha, Edwin

20

Minimal energy cost of thermodynamic information processes only with entanglement transfer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present the minimal energy costs for the measurement and the information erase, using only the Helmholtz free energy and the entanglement of formation. The entanglement of formation appears in the form of difference which indicates the amount of entanglement transfer on the memory during the processes; the cost of the measurement is given by the entanglement gain, whereas the cost of the information erase is given by the loss of available entanglement. Putting together the present Letter and Rev. E 88, 042143 (2013), we can describe the violation and the restoration of the second law only in terms of the entanglement of formation; both of the excess of extracted work from thermodynamics with information process over the conventional second law and the total cost of the information process are given by the entanglement of formation, and the former is less than or equal to the latter.

Hiroyasu Tajima

2013-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "minimize delivered cost" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Design and prototype of a minimal cost tracking photovoltaic array structure  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper presents research results to develop a minimal cost photovoltaic array tracking structure. Objectives of the project were to (1) employ a modular design based upon multiple point foundations, off-site assembly, and commercially available materials; (2) offer performance improvements over horizontal one-axis trackers by tilting the axis of rotation; (3) verify design performance, and cost goals through prototype construction and operation. Each of these objectives was accomplished beginning with design activities in early 1993 and culminating with construction of commercial trackers in early 1995. The Delta Trackers{trademark} offer dramatic reduction in PV energy production costs ({cents}/kWh) through lower balance-of-system costs and improved performance.

Shugar, D.S. [Advanced Photovoltaic Systems, Inc., San Bruno, CA (United States); Matlin, R.W. [Enertech Engineering, Lexington, MA (United States)

1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Minimizing the total cost of hen allocation to poultry farms using hybrid Growing Neural Gas approach  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In this paper a decision support system to solve the problem of hen allocation to hen houses with the aim of minimizing the total cost is described. The total cost consists of farm utilization cost, hen transportation cost, and loss from mixing hens at different ages in the same hen houses. Clustering of hen houses using the traditional Growing Neural Gas (GNG) was first determined to allocate hens to the hen houses effectively. However, the traditional GNG often solves the clustering problem by considering distance only. Therefore the hybrid Growing Neural Gas (hGNG) considering both the distance from the centroids of the clusters to the hen houses and the weights of hen house sizes was proposed to solve the problem. In the second phase, allocating and determining routes to allocate hens to the hen houses using the nearest neighbor approach were carried out in order to minimize the total distance. The performance of the algorithm was measured using the relative improvement (RI), which compares the total costs of the hGNG and GNG algorithms and the current practice. The results obtained from this study show that the hGNG algorithm provides better total cost values than the firm’s current practice from 7.92% to 20.83%, and from 5.90% to 17.91% better than the traditional GNG algorithm. The results also demonstrate that the proposed method is useful not only for reducing the total cost, but also for efficient management of a poultry production system. Furthermore, the method used in this research should prove beneficial to other similar agro-food sectors in Thailand and around the world.

Atiwat Boonmee; Kanchana Sethanan; Banchar Arnonkijpanich; Somnuk Theerakulpisut

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

Gas Delivered  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

. Average . Average Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers, 1980-1996 Figure 1980 1982 1984 1986 1988 1990 1992 1994 1996 0 2 4 6 8 10 0 40 80 120 160 200 240 280 320 Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet Dollars per Thousand Cubic Meters Nominal Dollars Constant Dollars Sources: Nominal dollars: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-176, "Annual Report of Natural and Supplemental Gas Supply and Disposition." Constant dollars: Prices were converted to 1995 dollars using the chain-type price indexes for Gross Domestic Product (1992 = 1.0) as published by the U. S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis. Residential: Prices in this publication for the residential sector cover nearly all of the volumes of gas delivered. Commercial and Industrial: Prices for the commercial and industrial sectors are often associated with

24

Minimization of Transportation, Installation and Maintenance Operations Costs for Offshore Wind Turbines.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Although it is a sustainable source and there is abundant potential for energy, cost of energy generated from offshore wind is still high compared to… (more)

Faiz, Tasnim Ibn

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Aggressive fuel designs minimize fuel costs for the ANO-1 PWR  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Fuel cycle design objectives are influenced by the desire of utilities to attain top performer status in the industry and to become more cost competitive. At Energy, we are seeking aggressive fuel designs and core management schemes that reduce costs without compromising operating margins. Recent efforts at the Arkansas Nuclear One (ANO-1) plant demonstrated the effectiveness of this approach and led to important benefits for both the utility and the fuel vendor, Babcock Wilcox. With our acquisition of the CASMO-3/SIMULATE-3 advanced physics code, we initiated a proactive approach to the design of cycle 12 of ANO-1. The primary goal was to explore the use of advanced designs to reduce front-end fuel cycle costs for cycle 12. A secondary goal was to incorporate those features into cycle 12 that could lead to further cost or margin improvements in later cycles.

Ober, T.G.; Megehee, K.B.; Bencheikh, A.; Thompson, R.A. (Entergy Operations, Jackson, MS (United States))

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

PEM fuel cell cost minimization using ``Design For Manufacture and Assembly`` techniques  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Polymer Electrolyte Membrane (PEM) fuel cells fueled with direct hydrogen have demonstrated substantial technical potential to replace Internal Combustion Engines (ICE`s) in light duty vehicles. Such a transition to a hydrogen economy offers the potential of substantial benefits from reduced criteria and greenhouse emissions as well as reduced foreign fuel dependence. Research conducted for the Ford Motor Co. under a US Department of Energy contract suggests that hydrogen fuel, when used in a fuel cell vehicle (FCV), can achieve a cost per vehicle mile less than or equal to the gasoline cost per mile when used in an ICE vehicle. However, fuel cost parity is not sufficient to ensure overall economic success: the PEM fuel cell power system itself must be of comparable cost to the ICE. To ascertain if low cost production of PEM fuel cells is feasible, a powerful set of mechanical engineering tools collectively referred to as Design for Manufacture and Assembly (DFMA) has been applied to several representative PEM fuel cell designs. The preliminary results of this work are encouraging, as presented.

Lomax, F.D. Jr.; James, B.D. [Directed Technologies, Inc., Arlington, VA (United States); Mooradian, R.P. [Ford Motor Co., Dearborn, MI (United States)

1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

27

Wind turbine reliability : understanding and minimizing wind turbine operation and maintenance costs.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Wind turbine system reliability is a critical factor in the success of a wind energy project. Poor reliability directly affects both the project's revenue stream through increased operation and maintenance (O&M) costs and reduced availability to generate power due to turbine downtime. Indirectly, the acceptance of wind-generated power by the financial and developer communities as a viable enterprise is influenced by the risk associated with the capital equipment reliability; increased risk, or at least the perception of increased risk, is generally accompanied by increased financing fees or interest rates. Cost of energy (COE) is a key project evaluation metric, both in commercial applications and in the U.S. federal wind energy program. To reflect this commercial reality, the wind energy research community has adopted COE as a decision-making and technology evaluation metric. The COE metric accounts for the effects of reliability through levelized replacement cost and unscheduled maintenance cost parameters. However, unlike the other cost contributors, such as initial capital investment and scheduled maintenance and operating expenses, costs associated with component failures are necessarily speculative. They are based on assumptions about the reliability of components that in many cases have not been operated for a complete life cycle. Due to the logistical and practical difficulty of replacing major components in a wind turbine, unanticipated failures (especially serial failures) can have a large impact on the economics of a project. The uncertainty associated with long-term component reliability has direct bearing on the confidence level associated with COE projections. In addition, wind turbine technology is evolving. New materials and designs are being incorporated in contemporary wind turbines with the ultimate goal of reducing weight, controlling loads, and improving energy capture. While the goal of these innovations is reduction in the COE, there is a potential impact on reliability whenever new technologies are introduced. While some of these innovations may ultimately improve reliability, in the short term, the technology risks and the perception of risk will increase. The COE metric used by researchers to evaluate technologies does not address this issue. This paper outlines the issues relevant to wind turbine reliability for wind turbine power generation projects. The first sections describe the current state of the industry, identify the cost elements associated with wind farm O&M and availability and discuss the causes of uncertainty in estimating wind turbine component reliability. The latter sections discuss the means for reducing O&M costs and propose O&M related research and development efforts that could be pursued by the wind energy research community to reduce COE.

Not Available

2004-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Minimizing Wind Power Producer's Balancing Costs Using Electrochemical Energy Storage: Preprint  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper examines how electrochemical energy storage can be used to decrease the balancing costs of a wind power producer in the Nordic market. Because electrochemical energy storage is developing in both technological and financial terms, a sensitivity analysis was carried out for the most important variables in the wind-storage hybrid system. The system was studied from a wind power producer's point of view. The main result is that there are no technical limitations to using storage for reducing the balancing costs. However, in terms of economic feasibility, installing hybrid wind-storage systems such as the one studied in this paper faces challenges in both the short and long terms.

Miettinen, J.; Tikka, V.; Lassila, J.; Partanen, J.; Hodge, B. M.

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

Reducing Energy Costs And Minimizing Capital Requirements: Case Studies of Thermal Energy Storage (TES)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, and thus during those times when power has its highest cost or value. Thermal Energy Storage (TES) provides a means of de-coupling the generation of cooling from the provision of cooling to the peak cooling loads. In this manner, peak power demand...

Andrepont, J. S.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Modeling of residual service life of gas turbine rotors for minimizing replacement costs  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

One of the most catastrophic failures observed in gas turbine powered electrical powerplants is the fracture of the turbine rotor. A simplified model consisting of 3 macro-elements is suggested to model the dynamical behavior of the shaft with a propagating ... Keywords: crack propagation, gas-turbine, modeling, power-plant, replacement costs

Eusebia Zouridaki; Vasilios Spitas; Christos Spitas

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Wind turbine reliability :understanding and minimizing wind turbine operation and maintenance costs.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Wind turbine system reliability is a critical factor in the success of a wind energy project. Poor reliability directly affects both the project's revenue stream through increased operation and maintenance (O&M) costs and reduced availability to generate power due to turbine downtime. Indirectly, the acceptance of wind-generated power by the financial and developer communities as a viable enterprise is influenced by the risk associated with the capital equipment reliability; increased risk, or at least the perception of increased risk, is generally accompanied by increased financing fees or interest rates. This paper outlines the issues relevant to wind turbine reliability for wind turbine power generation projects. The first sections describe the current state of the industry, identify the cost elements associated with wind farm O&M and availability and discuss the causes of uncertainty in estimating wind turbine component reliability. The latter sections discuss the means for reducing O&M costs and propose O&M related research and development efforts that could be pursued by the wind energy research community to reduce cost of energy.

Walford, Christopher A. (Global Energy Concepts. Kirkland, WA)

2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Minimal Energy Cost for Thermodynamic Information Processing: Measurement and Information Erasure  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The fundamental lower bounds on the thermodynamic energy cost of measurement and information erasure are determined. The lower bound on the erasure validates Landauer’s principle for a symmetric memory; for other cases, the bound indicates the breakdown of the principle. Our results constitute the second law of “information thermodynamics,” in which information content and thermodynamic variables are treated on an equal footing.

Takahiro Sagawa and Masahito Ueda

2009-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

33

Minimal Energy Cost for Thermodynamic Information Processing: Measurement and Information Erasure  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The fundamental lower bounds of the thermodynamic energy cost (work) needed for the measurement and the erasure of information are found. The lower bound for the erasure vindicates the "Landauer's principle" for a special case, but otherwise implies its breakdown, indicating that no unique relationship exists between logical reversibility and physical one. Our results constitute the second law of "information thermodynamics", in which the information content and thermodynamic variables are treated on an equal footing.

Takahiro Sagawa; Masahito Ueda

2008-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

34

Integrating the cold load pickup effect of reserve supplying demand response resource in social cost minimization based system scheduling  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Expansion of smart grids and aggregator business facilitates the utilization of reserve supplying demand response (RSDR) resources. One of the loads that are increasingly used for reserve provision is air-conditioning load (ACL) that have cold load pickup (CLPU) or “payback” characteristics. With larger scale utilization of RSDR resources, as an effect of increasing DR aggregation business, CLPU characteristics of ACL can affect system optimal operation. Actual utilization time and duration of RSDR resources are probabilistic and affected by system scheduling and contingency occurrence. Therefore the CLPU effect of RSDR resources is probabilistic. This creates extra burden on the system reliability maintenance that should be considered from social cost minimization point of view. This complexity is addressed in this paper by modeling the extra expected load not supplied (ELNS) that the probabilistic CLPU of RSDR can impose on system. Then the aggregated RSDR resources, with CLPU characteristics, are integrated into day-ahead simultaneous system scheduling with the objective function of social cost minimization. This study showed that CLPU can have considerable effects on system scheduling and RSDR effectiveness. The proposed method of this paper proved to be useful for reducing the negative effects of CLPU while using RSDR resources.

Mahdi Behrangrad; Hideharu Sugihara; Tsuyoshi Funaki

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

Delivering SKA Science  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The SKA will be capable of producing a stream of science data products that are Exa-scale in terms of their storage and processing requirements. This Google-scale enterprise is attracting considerable international interest and excitement from within the industrial and academic communities. In this chapter we examine the data flow, storage and processing requirements of a number of key SKA survey science projects to be executed on the baseline SKA1 configuration. Based on a set of conservative assumptions about trends for HPC and storage costs, and the data flow process within the SKA Observatory, it is apparent that survey projects of the scale proposed will potentially drive construction and operations costs beyond the current anticipated SKA1 budget. This implies a sharing of the resources and costs to deliver SKA science between the community and what is contained within the SKA Observatory. A similar situation was apparent to the designers of the LHC more than 10 years ago. We propose that it is time for...

Quinn, Peter; Bird, Ian; Dodson, Richard; Szalay, Alex; Wicenec, Andreas

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Year Average Transportation Cost of Coal  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

delivered costs of coal, by year and primary transport mode Year Average Transportation Cost of Coal (Dollars per Ton) Average Delivered Cost of Coal (Dollars per Ton)...

37

Can solar power deliver?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Articles 1002 117 Discussion Meeting Issue Can solar power deliver? organized and edited by...S. Roberto Amendolia and Can Li Can solar power deliver? Jenny Nelson 1 2 Christopher...of 15 to a Discussion Meeting Issue Can solar power deliver? . Solar power represents...

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Optimal design of a hybrid solar–wind-battery system using the minimization of the annualized cost system and the minimization of the loss of power supply probability (LPSP)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Potou is an isolated site, located in the northern coast of Senegal. The populations living in this area have no easy access to electricity supply. The use of renewable energies can contribute to the improvement of the living conditions of these populations. The methodology used in this paper consists in Sizing a hybrid solar–wind-battery system optimized through multi-objective genetic algorithm for this site and the influence of the load profiles on the optimal configuration. The two principal aims are: the minimization of the annualized cost system and the minimization of the loss of power supply probability (LPSP). To study the load profile influence, three load profiles with the same energy (94 kW h/day) have been used. The achieved results show that the cost of the optimal configuration strongly depends on the load profile. For example, the cost of the optimal configuration decreases by 7% and 5% going from profile 1 to 2 and for those ones going from 1 to 3.

B. Ould Bilal; V. Sambou; P.A. Ndiaye; C.M.F. Kébé; M. Ndongo

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Minimizing the Cost of Innovative Nuclear Technology Through Flexibility: The Case of a Demonstration Accelerator-Driven Subcritical Reactor Park  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Presented is a methodology to analyze the expected Levelised Cost Of Electricity (LCOE) in the face of technology uncertainty for Accelerator-Driven Subcritical Reactors (ADSRs). It shows that flexibility in the design and deployment strategy...

Cardin, Michel-Alexandre; Steer, Steven J.; Nuttall, William J.; Parks, Geoffrey T.; Gonçalves, Leonardo V.N.; de Neufville, Richard

40

Addressing Genetics Delivering Health  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Addressing Genetics Delivering Health A strategy for advancing the dissemination and application of genetics knowledge throughout our health professions Funded by Hilary Burton September 2003 Executive education of health workers q providing strategic overview of education programme q collaborating

Rambaut, Andrew

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "minimize delivered cost" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Minimize Boiler Short Cycling Losses  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This tip sheet on minimizing boiler short cycling losses provides how-to advice for improving industrial steam systems using low-cost, proven practices and technologies.

42

Microsoft Word - ARRA pump delivered.doc  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

.8270 .8270 Dean.Campbell@srs.gov Last Piece of Equipment Delivered for SRR ARRA Project AIKEN, S.C. (February 6, 2012) - The final procurement in the $200 million American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) for Savannah River Remediation (SRR) was received in December 2011, completing the delivery of needed equipment purchased under the program. A 4,000 pound, 24-foot long remote cell transfer pump that cost $1.7 million was delivered and accepted in December, completing the procurement of over $20 million of equipment to enhance liquid waste operations at the Savannah River Site (SRS). SRR President and Project Manager Dave Olson congratulated all SRR ARRA employees for the work that was accomplished. "Over 10 percent of the money SRR received under the ARRA project was spent on

43

NetBill: An Internet Commerce System Optimized for Network Delivered Services  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NetBill: An Internet Commerce System Optimized for Network Delivered Services Marvin Sirbu J. D for commerce in information goods and other network delivered services. It has very low transaction costs. Of special interest is our new certified delivery mechanism which delivers information goods if and only

Tygar, Doug

44

Costs of Storing and Transporting Hydrogen  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

An analysis was performed to estimate the costs associated with storing and transporting hydrogen. These costs can be added to a hydrogen production cost to determine the total delivered cost of hydrogen.

45

Minimize Boiler Short Cycling Losses  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This revised ITP tip sheet on minimizing boiler short cycling losses provides how-to advice for improving industrial steam systems using low-cost, proven practices and technologies.

Not Available

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

David J. Hathaway, IBM EDAInverter Minimization 1 Inverter Minimization -OverviewInverter Minimization -Overview  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

David J. Hathaway, IBM EDAInverter Minimization 1 Inverter Minimization - OverviewInverter network a polarity graph 9 Initially consider only equal cost AND, NAND, OR, and NOR gates 9 Inverters for covering fundamental cycles 9 Considering electrically useful inverters #12;David J. Hathaway, IBM

Ellis-Monaghan, Joanna

47

Obama Administration Delivers More than $101 Million for Weatherization  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Obama Administration Delivers More than $101 Million for Obama Administration Delivers More than $101 Million for Weatherization Programs in Guam and Pennsylvania Obama Administration Delivers More than $101 Million for Weatherization Programs in Guam and Pennsylvania August 25, 2009 - 12:00am Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - U.S. Department of Energy Secretary Steven Chu today announced that the Department of Energy is providing more than $101 million in funding from the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act to expand weatherization assistance programs in Guam and Pennsylvania. The funding, along with additional funds to be disbursed after the grantees meet certain Recovery Act milestones, will help them weatherize approximately 29,200 homes, lowering energy costs for low-income families that need it, reducing pollution, and creating green jobs across the country.

48

Obama Administration Delivers More than $288 Million for Weatherization  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Delivers More than $288 Million for Delivers More than $288 Million for Weatherization Programs in Seven States Obama Administration Delivers More than $288 Million for Weatherization Programs in Seven States July 6, 2009 - 12:00am Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - U.S. Department of Energy Secretary Steven Chu today announced that the Department of Energy is providing more than $288 million in Recovery Act funding to expand weatherization assistance programs in Arkansas, Iowa, Kentucky, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, and New Hampshire. These funds, along with additional funds to be disbursed after the states meet certain Recovery Act milestones, will help these states achieve their goal of weatherizing more than 91,000 homes, lowering energy costs for low-income families that need it, reducing greenhouse gas

49

Obama Administration Delivers More than $60 Million for Weatherization  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Obama Administration Delivers More than $60 Million for Obama Administration Delivers More than $60 Million for Weatherization Programs in Six States and Territories Obama Administration Delivers More than $60 Million for Weatherization Programs in Six States and Territories September 14, 2009 - 12:00am Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - U.S. Department of Energy Secretary Steven Chu today announced that the Department of Energy is providing more than $60 million in funding from the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act to expand weatherization assistance programs in American Samoa, Northern Arapaho Tribe, Northern Mariana Islands, Puerto Rico, Tennessee, and the U.S. Virgin Islands. The funding, along with additional funds to be disbursed after the grantees meet certain Recovery Act milestones, will help to weatherize nearly 17,000 homes, lowering energy costs for low-income

50

Obama Administration Delivers More than $63 Million for Weatherization  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Delivers More than $63 Million for Delivers More than $63 Million for Weatherization Programs in Indiana and New Mexico Obama Administration Delivers More than $63 Million for Weatherization Programs in Indiana and New Mexico July 21, 2009 - 12:00am Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - U.S. Department of Energy Secretary Steven Chu today announced that the Department of Energy is providing more than $63 million in funding from the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act to expand weatherization assistance programs in Indiana and New Mexico. The funding, along with additional funds to be disbursed after the states meet certain Recovery Act milestones, will help these states achieve their goal of weatherizing more than 22,400 homes, lowering energy costs for low-income families that need it, reducing greenhouse gas emissions, and creating

51

New Sustainability Manager Delivers Savings for Delray Beach | Department  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Sustainability Manager Delivers Savings for Delray Beach Sustainability Manager Delivers Savings for Delray Beach New Sustainability Manager Delivers Savings for Delray Beach July 30, 2010 - 3:13pm Addthis Metal halide light fixtures at Pompey Park are saving the City of Delray Beach money on its electricity bills. | Photo courtesy of the City of Delray Beach Metal halide light fixtures at Pompey Park are saving the City of Delray Beach money on its electricity bills. | Photo courtesy of the City of Delray Beach Delray Beach, Fla. had a good problem: Recovery Act funding to support the city's mission to reduce energy costs - but no seasoned pro to help realize those savings. Through an Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant (EECBG), the South Florida city hired a former city manager to oversee projects that

52

Obama Administration Delivers More than $101 Million for Weatherization  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Delivers More than $101 Million for Delivers More than $101 Million for Weatherization Programs in Guam and Pennsylvania Obama Administration Delivers More than $101 Million for Weatherization Programs in Guam and Pennsylvania August 25, 2009 - 12:00am Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - U.S. Department of Energy Secretary Steven Chu today announced that the Department of Energy is providing more than $101 million in funding from the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act to expand weatherization assistance programs in Guam and Pennsylvania. The funding, along with additional funds to be disbursed after the grantees meet certain Recovery Act milestones, will help them weatherize approximately 29,200 homes, lowering energy costs for low-income families that need it, reducing pollution, and creating green jobs across the country.

53

Obama Administration Delivers More than $63 Million for Weatherization  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Delivers More than $63 Million for Delivers More than $63 Million for Weatherization Programs in Indiana and New Mexico Obama Administration Delivers More than $63 Million for Weatherization Programs in Indiana and New Mexico July 21, 2009 - 12:00am Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - U.S. Department of Energy Secretary Steven Chu today announced that the Department of Energy is providing more than $63 million in funding from the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act to expand weatherization assistance programs in Indiana and New Mexico. The funding, along with additional funds to be disbursed after the states meet certain Recovery Act milestones, will help these states achieve their goal of weatherizing more than 22,400 homes, lowering energy costs for low-income families that need it, reducing greenhouse gas emissions, and creating

54

Obama Administration Delivers More than $60 Million for Weatherization  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Obama Administration Delivers More than $60 Million for Obama Administration Delivers More than $60 Million for Weatherization Programs in Six States and Territories Obama Administration Delivers More than $60 Million for Weatherization Programs in Six States and Territories September 14, 2009 - 12:00am Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - U.S. Department of Energy Secretary Steven Chu today announced that the Department of Energy is providing more than $60 million in funding from the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act to expand weatherization assistance programs in American Samoa, Northern Arapaho Tribe, Northern Mariana Islands, Puerto Rico, Tennessee, and the U.S. Virgin Islands. The funding, along with additional funds to be disbursed after the grantees meet certain Recovery Act milestones, will help to weatherize nearly 17,000 homes, lowering energy costs for low-income

55

How to Reduce Energy Supply Costs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Rising energy costs have many businesses looking for creative ways to reduce their energy usage and lower the costs of energy delivered to their facilities. This paper explores innovative renewable and alternative energy technologies that can help...

Swanson, G.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Minimal fusion systems.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??We define minimal fusion systems in a way that every non-solvable fusion system has a section which is minimal. Minimal fusion systems can also be… (more)

Henke, Ellen

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

FAST ALTERNATING LINEARIZATION METHODS FOR MINIMIZING ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Feb 9, 2012 ... The nuclear norm minimization problem, which ... is comparable in cost to computing a subgradient of ?X??, or the gradient of the ... graph by estimating a sparse inverse covariance matrix from sample data by solving the ...

2012-02-09T23:59:59.000Z

58

NETL: News Release - DOE-backed Consortium Delivers Six New  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

April 27, 2005 April 27, 2005 DOE-backed Consortium Delivers Six New Commercially-Ready "Stripper Well" Technologies Technologies Hold Promise to Boost Domestic Oil and Gas Production WASHINGTON, DC - Joint ventures in technology development by government and industry have delivered six new deployment-ready applications in four years to extend the useful life of more than 650,000 stripper wells that deliver almost 15 percent of America's domestic oil production and almost eight percent of natural gas production, a Department of Energy review has determined. The technologies were developed by the Stripper Well Consortium, an industry-directed group whose research, development and demonstration efforts are co-funded by the Department of Energy through the National Energy Technology Laboratory's Strategic Center for Natural Gas and Oil. The six new technologies that have been commercialized, or are near commercialization, generally serve the purposes of increasing production, raising efficiencies or lowering costs. The Consortium has been active in bringing along more than 55 additional technologies, some of which are approaching commercial readiness.

59

Cost Function Estimates  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The cost function describes the cost-minimizing combinations of inputs required for production of different levels of output. Empirical cost function studies take both short-run and long-run approaches and can be structurally consistent with microeconomic theory versus more behavioral or real-world data oriented. Studies of health care providers face numerous challenges including the multiproduct nature of the firm, difficulty in controlling for quality of service, and frequent failure of the profit-maximization assumption. Cost function applications in health care are numerous and include such topics as optimal firm size, performance inefficiency measures, and comparisons of production costs with third-party payments.

K. Carey

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

WP2 IEA Wind Task 26:The Past and Future Cost of Wind Energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Delivered Wind Energy Costs Have Declined Substantially BNEFTable ES-1. Potential Sources of Future Wind Energy Costvii Table 1. Potential Sources of Future Wind Energy Cost

Lantz, Eric

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "minimize delivered cost" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

2003 Mercury Computer Systems, Inc. Delivered Performance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

© 2003 Mercury Computer Systems, Inc. Delivered Performance Predictions and Trends for RISC Applications Luke Cico (lcico@mc.com) Mark Merritt (mmerritt@mc.com) Mercury Computer Systems, Inc. Chelmsford, MA 01824 #12;© 2003 Mercury Computer Systems, Inc. Goals of PresentationGoals of Presentation

Kepner, Jeremy

62

Assistant Secretary Patricia Hoffman to Deliver Keynote Address...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Patricia Hoffman to Deliver Keynote Address at IEEE PES Conference on Innovative Smart Grid Technologies Assistant Secretary Patricia Hoffman to Deliver Keynote Address at...

63

Portsmouth Site Delivers First Radioactive Waste Shipment to...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Portsmouth Site Delivers First Radioactive Waste Shipment to Disposal Facility in Texas Portsmouth Site Delivers First Radioactive Waste Shipment to Disposal Facility in Texas...

64

2005 CHP Action Agenda: Innovating, Advocating, and Delivering...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

5 CHP Action Agenda: Innovating, Advocating, and Delivering Solutions, October 2005 2005 CHP Action Agenda: Innovating, Advocating, and Delivering Solutions, October 2005 More than...

65

California Natural Gas % of Total Commercial Delivered for the...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Commercial Delivered for the Account of Others (Percent) California Natural Gas % of Total Commercial Delivered for the Account of Others (Percent) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2...

66

EECBG Success Story: New Sustainability Manager Delivers Savings...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Manager Delivers Savings for Delray Beach EECBG Success Story: New Sustainability Manager Delivers Savings for Delray Beach July 30, 2010 - 2:04pm Addthis Metal halide light...

67

Startup Costs  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

This chapter discusses startup costs for construction and environmental projects, and estimating guidance for startup costs.

1997-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

68

Smart Grid: Creating Jobs while Delivering Reliable,  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Smart Grid: Creating Jobs while Delivering Reliable, Smart Grid: Creating Jobs while Delivering Reliable, Environmentally-friendly Energy Home > Groups > OpenEI Community Central Graham7781's picture Submitted by Graham7781(1992) Super contributor 2 March, 2010 - 14:14 imported OpenEI On April 16th, 2009, Vice President Joe Biden announced that the Department of Energy was planning to develop a stronger, more reliable energy grid. The plan would allocate $3.4 billion in funds to be distributed across the nation, aiding projects aimed at improving and updating the current electrical power grid in the United States. Two projects are funded by smart grid: smaller and larger. Smaller projects range from $300,000 to $20,000,000. These projects typically focus on upgrading equipment in less populated ares. Larger projects range from

69

Guide to Setting Thermal Comfort Criteria and Minimizing Energy Use in Delivering Thermal Comfort  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Berkeley, CA 94720 CMRegnier@lbl.gov EERE Information Center1-877-EERE-INFO (1-877-337-3463) www.eere.energy.gov/

Regnier, Cindy

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Obama Administration Delivers More than $288 Million for Weatherization  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

288 Million for 288 Million for Weatherization Programs in Seven States Obama Administration Delivers More than $288 Million for Weatherization Programs in Seven States July 6, 2009 - 12:00am Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - U.S. Department of Energy Secretary Steven Chu today announced that the Department of Energy is providing more than $288 million in Recovery Act funding to expand weatherization assistance programs in Arkansas, Iowa, Kentucky, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, and New Hampshire. These funds, along with additional funds to be disbursed after the states meet certain Recovery Act milestones, will help these states achieve their goal of weatherizing more than 91,000 homes, lowering energy costs for low-income families that need it, reducing greenhouse gas emissions, and creating green jobs across the country.

71

Obama Administration Delivers More than $304 Million for Weatherization  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

304 Million for 304 Million for Weatherization Programs in Georgia, Illinois and New York Obama Administration Delivers More than $304 Million for Weatherization Programs in Georgia, Illinois and New York June 26, 2009 - 12:00am Addthis WASHINGTON, DC -- U.S. Department of Energy Secretary Steven Chu today announced that the Department of Energy is providing more than $304 million in Recovery Act funding to expand weatherization assistance programs in Georgia, Illinois and New York. These funds, along with additional funds to be disbursed after the states meet certain Recovery Act milestones, will help these states achieve their goal of weatherizing more than 85,000 homes, lowering energy costs for low-income families that need it, reducing greenhouse gas emissions, and creating green jobs across the country.

72

Obama Administration Delivers More Than $66 Million for Weatherization  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Than $66 Million for Than $66 Million for Weatherization Programs in Alaska, Colorado, Connecticut and Hawaii Obama Administration Delivers More Than $66 Million for Weatherization Programs in Alaska, Colorado, Connecticut and Hawaii August 13, 2009 - 12:00am Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - U.S. Department of Energy Secretary Steven Chu today announced that the Department of Energy is providing more than $66 million in funding from the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act to expand weatherization assistance programs in Alaska, Colorado, Connecticut and Hawaii. The funding, along with additional funds to be disbursed after the states meet certain Recovery Act milestones, will help these states weatherize approximately 26,300 homes, lowering energy costs for low-income families that need it, reducing pollution, and creating green jobs across

73

Obama Administration Delivers More than $448 Million for Weatherization  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

48 Million for 48 Million for Weatherization Programs in Thirteen States Obama Administration Delivers More than $448 Million for Weatherization Programs in Thirteen States July 10, 2009 - 12:00am Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - U.S. Department of Energy Secretary Steven Chu today announced that the Department of Energy is providing more than $448 million in Recovery Act funding to expand weatherization assistance programs in Alabama, Idaho, Maine, Missouri, New Jersey, Oklahoma, Rhode Island, Texas, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, Wisconsin, and Wyoming. These funds, along with additional funds to be disbursed after the states meet certain Recovery Act milestones, will help to weatherize more than 125,000 homes, cutting energy costs for low-income families that need it, reducing

74

Obama Administration Delivers More than $453 Million for Weatherization  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

53 Million for 53 Million for Weatherization Programs in 15 States Obama Administration Delivers More than $453 Million for Weatherization Programs in 15 States June 18, 2009 - 12:00am Addthis COLUMBUS, OHIO - U.S. Department of Energy Secretary Steven Chu today announced that the Department of Energy is providing more than $453 million in Recovery Act funding to expand weatherization assistance programs in 15 additional states. These funds, along with additional funds to be disbursed after the states meet certain Recovery Act milestones, will help these states achieve their goal of weatherizing more than 165,000 homes, lowering energy costs for low-income families that need it, reducing greenhouse gas emissions, and creating green jobs across the country. Secretary Chu made today's announcement while helping to weatherize a local

75

Advanced Low-Cost Receivers for Parabolic Troughs | Department...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Advanced Low-Cost Receivers for Parabolic Troughs Advanced Low-Cost Receivers for Parabolic Troughs This presentation was delivered at the SunShot Concentrating Solar Power (CSP)...

76

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Staples Delivers on Fuel Efficiency  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Staples Delivers on Staples Delivers on Fuel Efficiency to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Staples Delivers on Fuel Efficiency on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Staples Delivers on Fuel Efficiency on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Staples Delivers on Fuel Efficiency on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Staples Delivers on Fuel Efficiency on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Staples Delivers on Fuel Efficiency on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Staples Delivers on Fuel Efficiency on AddThis.com... April 7, 2011 Staples Delivers on Fuel Efficiency " Over time, we'll look to increase the number of these trucks in the Staples fleet as an effective way to service our delivery customers while reducing

77

Introduction Minimal generation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Introduction Minimal generation Random generation Minimal and probabilistic generation of finite generation of finite groups #12;Introduction Minimal generation Random generation Some motivation Let x1 random elements of G = x1, . . . , xk . (G is the group generated by x1, . . . , xk : all possible

St Andrews, University of

78

Treatment Resin Reduces Costs, Materials in Hanford Groundwater Cleanup -  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Treatment Resin Reduces Costs, Materials in Hanford Groundwater Treatment Resin Reduces Costs, Materials in Hanford Groundwater Cleanup - Efficiency delivered more than $6 million in cost savings, $3 million in annual savings Treatment Resin Reduces Costs, Materials in Hanford Groundwater Cleanup - Efficiency delivered more than $6 million in cost savings, $3 million in annual savings June 4, 2013 - 12:00pm Addthis Media Contacts Geoff Tyree, DOE Geoffrey.Tyree@rl.doe.gov (509) 376-4171 Dee Millikin, CHPRC Dee_Millikin@rl.gov (509) 376-1297 RICHLAND, Wash. - U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) contractor CH2M HILL Plateau Remediation Company is using a treatment material that has delivered more than $6 million in cost savings to date and is delivering more than $3 million in annual cost savings and efficiencies in treatment

79

Fuel Cell Technologies Office: Delivering Renewable Hydrogen: A Focus on  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Delivering Renewable Delivering Renewable Hydrogen: A Focus on Near-Term Applications to someone by E-mail Share Fuel Cell Technologies Office: Delivering Renewable Hydrogen: A Focus on Near-Term Applications on Facebook Tweet about Fuel Cell Technologies Office: Delivering Renewable Hydrogen: A Focus on Near-Term Applications on Twitter Bookmark Fuel Cell Technologies Office: Delivering Renewable Hydrogen: A Focus on Near-Term Applications on Google Bookmark Fuel Cell Technologies Office: Delivering Renewable Hydrogen: A Focus on Near-Term Applications on Delicious Rank Fuel Cell Technologies Office: Delivering Renewable Hydrogen: A Focus on Near-Term Applications on Digg Find More places to share Fuel Cell Technologies Office: Delivering Renewable Hydrogen: A Focus on Near-Term Applications on AddThis.com...

80

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Electric Trucks Deliver at Kansas City  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Electric Trucks Electric Trucks Deliver at Kansas City Schools to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Electric Trucks Deliver at Kansas City Schools on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Electric Trucks Deliver at Kansas City Schools on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Electric Trucks Deliver at Kansas City Schools on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Electric Trucks Deliver at Kansas City Schools on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Electric Trucks Deliver at Kansas City Schools on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Electric Trucks Deliver at Kansas City Schools on AddThis.com... Sept. 17, 2011 Electric Trucks Deliver at Kansas City Schools F ind out how the Lee's Summit R-7 School District in Missouri uses electric

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "minimize delivered cost" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Schwan's Home Service Delivers...  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Service Delivers With Propane-Powered Trucks to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Schwan's Home Service Delivers With Propane-Powered Trucks on Facebook Tweet...

82

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Seattle Bakery Delivers With Biodiesel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Seattle Bakery Seattle Bakery Delivers With Biodiesel Trucks to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Seattle Bakery Delivers With Biodiesel Trucks on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Seattle Bakery Delivers With Biodiesel Trucks on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Seattle Bakery Delivers With Biodiesel Trucks on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Seattle Bakery Delivers With Biodiesel Trucks on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Seattle Bakery Delivers With Biodiesel Trucks on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Seattle Bakery Delivers With Biodiesel Trucks on AddThis.com... Jan. 19, 2013 Seattle Bakery Delivers With Biodiesel Trucks D iscover how Essential Baking Company in Seattle, Washington, relies on

83

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Foodliner Delivers Goods in Illinois With  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Foodliner Delivers Foodliner Delivers Goods in Illinois With Natural Gas Tractors to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Foodliner Delivers Goods in Illinois With Natural Gas Tractors on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Foodliner Delivers Goods in Illinois With Natural Gas Tractors on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Foodliner Delivers Goods in Illinois With Natural Gas Tractors on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Foodliner Delivers Goods in Illinois With Natural Gas Tractors on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Foodliner Delivers Goods in Illinois With Natural Gas Tractors on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Foodliner Delivers Goods in Illinois With Natural Gas Tractors on AddThis.com...

84

JGI CSP Delivers First Moss Genome  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

13, 2007 13, 2007 DOE JGI Community Sequencing Program Delivers First Moss Genome WALNUT CREEK, CA--Messages from nearly a half-billion years ago, conveyed via the inventory of genes sequenced from a present-day moss, provide clues about the earliest colonization of dry land by plants. The U.S. Department of Energy Joint Genome Institute (DOE JGI) was among the leaders of an international effort uniting more than 40 institutions to complete the first genome sequencing project of a nonvascular land plant, the moss Physcomitrella patens. The team's insights into the code that enabled this seminal emergence and dominance of land by plants are published December 13 online in Science Express. Scanning electron micrograph of Physcomitrella patens gametophores (moss shoots).

85

Secretary Moniz's Remarks at the Washington Auto Show-- As Delivered  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Secretary Moniz's remarks, as delivered, at the 2015 Washington Auto Show in Washington, D.C. on January 22, 2015.

86

Delivered by Ingenta to: Southeast University  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of America Science of Advanced Materials Vol. 4, pp. 727­733, 2012 (www.aspbs.com/sam) Effect of Annealing,4­6 appear as an alternative to produce electricity at low cost, environmental benign, and less the Fukushima nuclear plant catastrophe. The energy conver- sion process in DSCs is composed of injection

Cao, Guozhong

87

Avoidable waste management costs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report describes the activity based costing method used to acquire variable (volume dependent or avoidable) waste management cost data for routine operations at Department of Energy (DOE) facilities. Waste volumes from environmental restoration, facility stabilization activities, and legacy waste were specifically excluded from this effort. A core team consisting of Idaho National Engineering Laboratory, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site, and Oak Ridge Reservation developed and piloted the methodology, which can be used to determine avoidable waste management costs. The method developed to gather information was based on activity based costing, which is a common industrial engineering technique. Sites submitted separate flow diagrams that showed the progression of work from activity to activity for each waste type or treatability group. Each activity on a flow diagram was described in a narrative, which detailed the scope of the activity. Labor and material costs based on a unit quantity of waste being processed were then summed to generate a total cost for that flow diagram. Cross-complex values were calculated by determining a weighted average for each waste type or treatability group based on the volume generated. This study will provide DOE and contractors with a better understanding of waste management processes and their associated costs. Other potential benefits include providing cost data for sites to perform consistent cost/benefit analysis of waste minimization and pollution prevention (WMIN/PP) options identified during pollution prevention opportunity assessments and providing a means for prioritizing and allocating limited resources for WMIN/PP.

Hsu, K.; Burns, M.; Priebe, S.; Robinson, P.

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Cost Containment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Cost containment in health care involves a wide ... , the growth rate of expenditure or certain costs of health care services. These measures include ... patient education, etc. The reasons for increased cost ...

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Nozick's minimal state?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In his book, Anarchy , State, and Utopia, Robert Nozick argues that the only state that can be justified is the minimal state, a state limited to providing protection for all its citizens. Nozick explains how a minimal state could naturally develop...

Russell, Darrell James

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

90

Class Noise Handling for Effective Cost-Sensitive Learning by Cost-Guided  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Class Noise Handling for Effective Cost-Sensitive Learning by Cost-Guided Iterative Classification, and related areas has produced a wide variety of algorithms for cost-sensitive (CS) classification, where instead of maximizing the classification accuracy, minimizing the misclassification cost becomes

Wu, Xindong

91

Minimize Compressed Air Leaks  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This tip sheet outlines a strategy for compressed air leak detection and provides a formula for cost savings calculations.

92

Electric and Gasoline Vehicle Lifecycle Cost and Energy-Use Model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

= the efficiency of the propane space heater (BTU-delivered/the efficiency of the heater, and the cost of propane. The

Delucchi, Mark; Burke, Andy; Lipman, Timothy; Miller, Marshall

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

DOE Fuel Cell Technologies Office Record 13013: H2 Delivery Cost...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

current, and projected costs for delivering and dispensing hydrogen. DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program Record 13013 More Documents & Publications Hydrogen Delivery Roadmap US...

94

DOE Fuel Cell Technologies Office Record 13013: H2 Delivery Cost Projections – 2013  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This program record from the U.S. Department of Energy's Fuel Cell Technologies Office provides information about past, current, and projected costs for delivering and dispensing hydrogen.

95

Controllers with Minimal Observation Power (Application to Timed Systems)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Controllers with Minimal Observation Power (Application to Timed Systems) Peter Bulychev1 , Franck is the computation of a subset of predicates sufficient for control and whose cost is minimal. Our solution avoids, Danish-Chinese Center for Cyber Physical Systems (IDEA4CPS) and VKR Center of Excellence MT-LAB. #12;The

David, Alexandre

96

President Eisenhower Delivers Atoms for Peace Speech | National...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

New York, NY President Eisenhower delivers his "Atoms for Peace" before the United Nations and proposes an international agency to promote peaceful applications of nuclear energy...

97

Delivering Data More Efficiently in the Big Data Era  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We propose a data delivery model called SSS, which seamlessly integrates switching and storage capacity with scheduling. With SSS, data can be delivered more efficiently through the...

Sun, Weiqiang; Li, Fengqin; Feng, Da; Hu, Weisheng

98

Cost Estimator  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

A successful candidate in this position will serve as a senior cost and schedule estimator who is responsible for preparing life-cycle cost and schedule estimates and analyses associated with the...

99

Operating Costs  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

This chapter is focused on capital costs for conventional construction and environmental restoration and waste management projects and examines operating cost estimates to verify that all elements of the project have been considered and properly estimated.

1997-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

100

Industrial heat pumps - types and costs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Confusion about energy savings and economics is preventing many potentially beneficial applications for industrial heat pumps. The variety of heat pumps available and the lack of a standard rating system cause some of this confusion. The authors illustrate how a simple categorization based on coefficient of performance (COP) can compare the cost of recovering waste energy with heat pumps. After evaluating examples in which the cost of energy delivered was calculated based on estimates of capital cost, operating costs, and maintenance costs, they compare heat pumps from the various categories on the basis of economics. 6 references, 6 figures, 1 table.

Chappell, R.N.; Bliem, C.J. Jr.; Mills, J.I.; Demuth, O.J.; Plaster, D.S.

1985-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "minimize delivered cost" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Cost Shifting  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Cost shifting exists when a provider raises prices for one set of buyers because it has lowered prices for some other buyer. In theory, cost shifting can take place only if providers have unexploited market power. The empirical evidence on the extent of cost shifting is mixed. Taken as a whole, the evidence does not support the claims that cost shifting is a large and pervasive feature of the US health-care markets. At most, one can argue that perhaps one-fifth of Medicare payment reductions have been passed on to private payers. The majority of the rigorous studies, however, have found no evidence of cost shifting.

M.A. Morrisey

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

The Retail Industry Framework Delivering a Smarter Shopping Experience  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Retail Industry Framework Delivering a Smarter Shopping Experience with the Retail Industry into advocates Delivering a Smarter Shopping Experience ­ turning shoppers into advocates. As a retailer, turning retailer of choice -- is central to your success.To accomplish this, you need to understand the ever

103

Waste minimization assessment procedure  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Perry Nuclear Power Plant began developing a waste minimization plan early in 1991. In March of 1991 the plan was documented following a similar format to that described in the EPA Waste Minimization Opportunity Assessment Manual. Initial implementation involved obtaining management's commitment to support a waste minimization effort. The primary assessment goal was to identify all hazardous waste streams and to evaluate those streams for minimization opportunities. As implementation of the plan proceeded, non-hazardous waste streams routinely generated in large volumes were also evaluated for minimization opportunities. The next step included collection of process and facility data which would be useful in helping the facility accomplish its assessment goals. This paper describes the resources that were used and which were most valuable in identifying both the hazardous and non-hazardous waste streams that existed on site. For each material identified as a waste stream, additional information regarding the materials use, manufacturer, EPA hazardous waste number and DOT hazard class was also gathered. Once waste streams were evaluated for potential source reduction, recycling, re-use, re-sale, or burning for heat recovery, with disposal as the last viable alternative.

Kellythorne, L.L. (Centerior Energy, Cleveland, OH (United States))

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Mississippi Natural Gas Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of Others (Million Cubic Feet) Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of Others (Million Cubic Feet) Mississippi Natural Gas Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of Others (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 0 0 0 1990's 777 731 645 647 647 615 585 1,148 1,101 807 2000's 954 935 707 937 943 895 993 2,327 1,942 1,715 2010's 1,983 2,067 1,960 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 1/7/2014 Next Release Date: 1/31/2014 Referring Pages: Natural Gas Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of Others Mississippi Natural Gas Delivered for the Account of Others

105

South Carolina Natural Gas Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of Others (Million Cubic Feet) Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of Others (Million Cubic Feet) South Carolina Natural Gas Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of Others (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 0 153 302 1990's 341 278 239 132 265 688 199 235 412 589 2000's 280 517 310 762 799 843 1,027 1,067 1,137 1,429 2010's 1,748 1,973 2,007 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 12/12/2013 Next Release Date: 1/7/2014 Referring Pages: Natural Gas Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of Others South Carolina Natural Gas Delivered for the Account of Others

106

cost savings  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

reduced the amount of time involved in the annual chemical inventory for a cost savings of 18,282. Other presentations covered SRNS' award-winning employee suggestion...

107

BPA's Costs  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

BPAsCosts Sign In About | Careers | Contact | Investors | bpa.gov Search News & Us Expand News & Us Projects & Initiatives Expand Projects & Initiatives Finance & Rates...

108

Properties of minimal ghosts  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A ghost image is an array of signed pixel values so positioned as to create zero-sums in all discrete projections taken across that image for a pre-defined set of angles. The discrete projection scheme used here is the finite Radon transform. Minimal ...

Imants Svalbe; Nicolas Normand

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Update of Hydrogen from Biomass — Determination of the Delivered Cost of Hydrogen: Milestone Completion Report  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Milestone report summarizing the economic feasibility of producing hydrogen from biomass via (1) gasification/reforming of the resulting syngas and (2) fast pyrolysis/reforming of the resulting bio-oil.

110

Microsoft Word - IG Testimony - UCLANL Cost Incurred- Long9 delivered.doc  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

GREGORY H. FRIEDMAN GREGORY H. FRIEDMAN INSPECTOR GENERAL U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY BEFORE THE U.S. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES COMMITTEE ON ENERGY AND COMMERCE SUBCOMMITTEE ON OVERSIGHT AND INVESTIGATIONS FOR RELEASE ON DELIVERY Thursday, May 1, 2003 1 Mr. Chairman and Members of the Subcommittee, I am pleased to be here at your request to testify on the Office of Inspector General's (OIG) reviews of management practices at the Los Alamos National Laboratory (Laboratory). In February of this year, I testified before this Subcommittee regarding our Special Inquiry report on Operations at Los Alamos National Laboratory (DOE/IG-0584, January 2003). That report noted a series of actions taken by Laboratory officials, which obscured serious property and

111

Aquifer thermal energy storage costs with a seasonal heat source.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The cost of energy supplied by an aquifer thermal energy storage (ATES) system from a seasonal heat source was investigated. This investigation considers only the storage of energy from a seasonal heat source. Cost estimates are based upon the assumption that all of the energy is stored in the aquifer before delivery to the end user. Costs were estimated for point demand, residential development, and multidistrict city ATES systems using the computer code AQUASTOR which was developed specifically for the economic analysis of ATES systems. In this analysis the cost effect of varying a wide range of technical and economic parameters was examined. Those parameters exhibiting a substantial influence on ATES costs were: cost of purchased thermal energy; cost of capital; source temperature; system size; transmission distance; and aquifer efficiency. ATES-delivered energy costs are compared with the costs of hot water heated by using electric power or fuel-oils. ATES costs are shown as a function of purchased thermal energy. Both the potentially low delivered energy costs available from an ATES system and its strong cost dependence on the cost of purchased thermal energy are shown. Cost components for point demand and multi-district city ATES systems are shown. Capital and thermal energy costs dominate. Capital costs, as a percentage of total costs, increase for the multi-district city due to the addition of a large distribution system. The proportion of total cost attributable to thermal energy would change dramatically if the cost of purchased thermal energy were varied. It is concluded that ATES-delivered energy can be cost competitive with conventional energy sources under a number of economic and technical conditions. This investigation reports the cost of ATES under a wide range of assumptions concerning parameters important to ATES economics. (LCL)

Reilly, R.W.; Brown, D.R.; Huber, H.D.

1981-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

First wind turbine blade delivered to Pantex | National Nuclear...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

wind turbine blade delivered to Pantex Work crews began to erect the first of five wind turbines that will make up the Pantex Renewable Energy Project (PREP). The first wind...

113

Secretary Chu to Deliver Keynote on EV Everywhere Grand Challenge...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

vehicles more affordable and convenient to own and drive than today's gasoline-powered vehicles within the next 10 years. WHAT U.S. Energy Secretary Steven Chu to deliver...

114

Cost-guided Class Noise Handling for Effective Cost-sensitive Learning Xingquan Zhu and Xindong Wu  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

297 Cost-guided Class Noise Handling for Effective Cost-sensitive Learning Xingquan Zhu and Xindong of algorithms for cost- sensitive (CS) classification, where instead of maximizing the classification accuracy, minimizing the misclassification cost becomes the objective. However, these methods assume that training sets

Wu, Xindong

115

Minimally refined biomass fuel  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A minimally refined fluid composition, suitable as a fuel mixture and derived from biomass material, is comprised of one or more water-soluble carbohydrates such as sucrose, one or more alcohols having less than four carbons, and water. The carbohydrate provides the fuel source; water solubilizes the carbohydrates; and the alcohol aids in the combustion of the carbohydrate and reduces the vicosity of the carbohydrate/water solution. Because less energy is required to obtain the carbohydrate from the raw biomass than alcohol, an overall energy savings is realized compared to fuels employing alcohol as the primary fuel.

Pearson, Richard K. (Pleasanton, CA); Hirschfeld, Tomas B. (Livermore, CA)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Wastewater minimization in industrial applications: Challenges and solutions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The impetus for waste minimization and water recycle in the metal processing industry comes from increasingly stringent environmental regulations and dwindling water supplies. Tougher discharge permits often dictate additional wastewater treatments, which can make water recycle and waste minimization an attractive option. The most challenging part in the design of a water recycle system is to minimize the capital and operating costs while meeting the water quality requirements of the process. Computer simulation of water recycle alternatives provides: (1) ``expected`` water chemistry, (2) steady-state mass and energy balance for the plant water system, (3) performance of the water treatments considered in the water recycle scheme, and (4) relative economics based on capital and operating costs. The computer simulation study recommends the best wastewater recycle scheme based on economics and technical merits. Benefits of a computer simulation study in the design of water recycle and wastewater minimization processes are illustrated by a case study in the metal processing industry.

Dave, B.B. [Nalco Chemical Co., Naperville, IL (United States)

1998-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

117

North Carolina Natural Gas Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of Others (Million Cubic Feet) Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of Others (Million Cubic Feet) North Carolina Natural Gas Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of Others (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 4 1,424 2,126 1990's 1,696 1,725 1,497 561 1,314 2,831 1,409 2,141 3,418 2,374 2000's 1,511 2,327 3,685 3,461 5,002 5,920 7,794 7,712 7,518 7,610 2010's 8,546 7,804 8,098 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 1/7/2014 Next Release Date: 1/31/2014 Referring Pages: Natural Gas Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of Others North Carolina Natural Gas Delivered for the Account of Others

118

Estimated Cost Description Determination Date:  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Title, Location Title, Location Estimated Cost Description Determination Date: 2010 LCLS Undulator 2 is envisioned to be a 0.2 - 2keV FEL x-ray source, capable of delivering x-rays to End Station A (ESA), located in the existing Research Yard at SLAC. It will also be configurable as a non- FEL hard x-ray source capable of delivering a chirped x-ray pulse for single-shot broad-spectrum measurements. The project would entail reconstruction of the electron beam transport to End Station A, construction and installation of a new undulator in the tunnel upstream of ESA and beam dump, and construction and installation of x-ray transport, optics, and diagnostics in ESA. It also includes the construction of an annex to End Station A , providing hutches for experiment stations.

119

Obama Administration Delivers More than $36 Million to Pennsylvania  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Obama Administration Delivers More than $36 Million to Pennsylvania Obama Administration Delivers More than $36 Million to Pennsylvania Communities for Energy Efficiency Projects Obama Administration Delivers More than $36 Million to Pennsylvania Communities for Energy Efficiency Projects September 17, 2009 - 12:00am Addthis Bensalem, PA - At a Clean Energy Economy Forum with Governor Rendell in Bensalem today, U.S. Energy Secretary Steven Chu announced that DOE is awarding more than $36 million in funding from the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act to support energy efficiency and conservation projects in communities across Pennsylvania. Under DOE's Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant (EECBG) Program, these funds are being awarded to Pennsylvania's State Energy Office and local cities and counties to help

120

New Electricity Advisory Committee Reports Delivered to the Department of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

New Electricity Advisory Committee Reports Delivered to the New Electricity Advisory Committee Reports Delivered to the Department of Energy New Electricity Advisory Committee Reports Delivered to the Department of Energy November 1, 2011 - 9:50am Addthis The Electricity Advisory Committee approved three new reports at their meeting on October 20, 2011. These reports include recommendations on cyber security, storage, and the interdependence of electricity and natural gas. Recommendations on U. S. Grid Security The Electricity Advisory Committee recommends that the Department of Energy take a more active, complementary role in the efforts of the North American Electric Reliability Corporation with respect to the Critical Infrastructure Strategic Roadmap developed by the Electricity Sub-Sector Coordinating Council and approved by the NERC Board of Trustees in November

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "minimize delivered cost" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Idahoan Who Needed Hope Now Delivers It | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Idahoan Who Needed Hope Now Delivers It Idahoan Who Needed Hope Now Delivers It Idahoan Who Needed Hope Now Delivers It January 7, 2010 - 4:05pm Addthis Joshua DeLung Joe Santino is overjoyed with his job as a weatherization installer and crew boss in southeastern Idaho not only because he finally has a way to pay his bills, but because he's helping people who find themselves in situations similar to the one he was in not too long ago. Joe was laid off from his construction job - an industry in which he has 30 years of experience - just before Christmas in 2008. He says he put out hundreds of job applications through the Internet, local job services, in response to newspaper ads and via word-of-mouth searching. After three months, he had exhausted all of his savings, and his wife's job didn't pay enough to cover all of the expenses for Joe's family, which includes

122

Workers Deliver Award-Winning Respiratory Safety | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Workers Deliver Award-Winning Respiratory Safety Workers Deliver Award-Winning Respiratory Safety Workers Deliver Award-Winning Respiratory Safety April 2, 2013 - 12:00pm Addthis Workers wear air purifying respirators in the Plutonium Finishing Plant. Workers wear air purifying respirators in the Plutonium Finishing Plant. A program developed by employees enhances use of respiratory equipment in the Plutonium Finishing Plant. A program developed by employees enhances use of respiratory equipment in the Plutonium Finishing Plant. Workers wear air purifying respirators in the Plutonium Finishing Plant. A program developed by employees enhances use of respiratory equipment in the Plutonium Finishing Plant. RICHLAND, Wash. - Workers supporting the Richland Operations Office at the Hanford site found a way to make their everyday work even safer.

123

Data Center Celebrates 20 Years of Delivering Savings | Department of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Center Celebrates 20 Years of Delivering Savings Center Celebrates 20 Years of Delivering Savings Data Center Celebrates 20 Years of Delivering Savings September 23, 2011 - 2:30pm Addthis Find Stations Plan a Route Location: Go Start: End: Go Fuel: All Fuels Biodiesel (B20 and above) Compressed Natural Gas Electric Ethanol (E85) Hydrogen Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Liquefied Petroleum Gas (Propane) more search options close × More Search Options Include private stations Include planned stations Owner All Private Federal State Local Utility Payment All American Express Discover MasterCard VISA Cash Checks CFN Clean Energy Fuel Man Gas Card PHH Services Voyager WEX Electric charger types Include level 1 Include level 2 Include DC fast Include legacy chargers Limit results to within 5 miles Limit results to within 5 miles

124

Portsmouth Site Delivers First Radioactive Waste Shipment to Disposal  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Delivers First Radioactive Waste Shipment to Delivers First Radioactive Waste Shipment to Disposal Facility in Texas Portsmouth Site Delivers First Radioactive Waste Shipment to Disposal Facility in Texas August 27, 2013 - 12:00pm Addthis Waste management and transportation personnel worked late to complete the first shipment to WCS. Through a contract with DOE, WCS will treat and accept potentially hazardous waste that has been at the Portsmouth site for decades. Pictured (from left) are Scott Fraser, Joe Hawes, Craig Herrmann, Jim Book, John Lee, John Perry, Josh Knipp, Melissa Dunsieth, Randy Barr, Rick Williams, Janet Harris, Maureen Fischels, Cecil McCoy, Trent Eckert, Anthony Howard and Chris Ashley. Waste management and transportation personnel worked late to complete the first shipment to WCS. Through a contract with DOE, WCS will treat and

125

Deputy Secretary Poneman Delivers Remarks on Nuclear Power at Tokyo  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Delivers Remarks on Nuclear Power at Tokyo Delivers Remarks on Nuclear Power at Tokyo American Center in Japan Deputy Secretary Poneman Delivers Remarks on Nuclear Power at Tokyo American Center in Japan December 15, 2011 - 4:14pm Addthis WASHINGTON, D.C. - Energy Deputy Secretary Daniel Poneman spoke at the Tokyo American Center today about nuclear power after Fukushima. Excerpts and full text of remarks, as prepared for delivery, are below: "As two of the nations responsible for pioneering the peaceful use of atomic energy, the United States and Japan share an opportunity - and a responsibility - to safely speed that transition. In fact, next week in the United States we will celebrate the 60th anniversary of the Experimental Breeder Reactor 1 in Idaho, which marked the first time that peaceful atomic energy was used to generate electricity. Our two nations

126

Workers Deliver Award-Winning Respiratory Safety | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Deliver Award-Winning Respiratory Safety Deliver Award-Winning Respiratory Safety Workers Deliver Award-Winning Respiratory Safety April 2, 2013 - 12:00pm Addthis Workers wear air purifying respirators in the Plutonium Finishing Plant. Workers wear air purifying respirators in the Plutonium Finishing Plant. A program developed by employees enhances use of respiratory equipment in the Plutonium Finishing Plant. A program developed by employees enhances use of respiratory equipment in the Plutonium Finishing Plant. Workers wear air purifying respirators in the Plutonium Finishing Plant. A program developed by employees enhances use of respiratory equipment in the Plutonium Finishing Plant. RICHLAND, Wash. - Workers supporting the Richland Operations Office at the Hanford site found a way to make their everyday work even safer.

127

Portsmouth, Paducah Project Leaps Past Shipment Milestone, Delivering  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Portsmouth, Paducah Project Leaps Past Shipment Milestone, Portsmouth, Paducah Project Leaps Past Shipment Milestone, Delivering Economic Benefit to U.S. Portsmouth, Paducah Project Leaps Past Shipment Milestone, Delivering Economic Benefit to U.S. September 1, 2012 - 12:00pm Addthis Pictured here are railcars carrying tanks of hydrofluoric acid for shipment from the Portsmouth site to Solvay Fluorides for industrial use. Pictured here are railcars carrying tanks of hydrofluoric acid for shipment from the Portsmouth site to Solvay Fluorides for industrial use. LEXINGTON, Ky. - The company that operates DOE's depleted uranium hexafluoride (DUF6) conversion facilities marked a milestone in September when it shipped the one millionth gallon of hydrofluoric acid. Babcock & Wilcox Conversion Services (BWCS) continues to deliver more of

128

Portsmouth Site Delivers First Radioactive Waste Shipment to Disposal  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Portsmouth Site Delivers First Radioactive Waste Shipment to Portsmouth Site Delivers First Radioactive Waste Shipment to Disposal Facility in Texas Portsmouth Site Delivers First Radioactive Waste Shipment to Disposal Facility in Texas August 27, 2013 - 12:00pm Addthis Waste management and transportation personnel worked late to complete the first shipment to WCS. Through a contract with DOE, WCS will treat and accept potentially hazardous waste that has been at the Portsmouth site for decades. Pictured (from left) are Scott Fraser, Joe Hawes, Craig Herrmann, Jim Book, John Lee, John Perry, Josh Knipp, Melissa Dunsieth, Randy Barr, Rick Williams, Janet Harris, Maureen Fischels, Cecil McCoy, Trent Eckert, Anthony Howard and Chris Ashley. Waste management and transportation personnel worked late to complete the

129

Electricity costs  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... index is used to correct for inflation. The short answer is given by the Central Electricity Generating Board's (CEGB's) 1980-81 report, paragraph 168. "The ... Generating Board's (CEGB's) 1980-81 report, paragraph 168. "The cost per kWh of fuel. . . rose by 18.6 per cent (between 1979 ...

J.W. JEFFERY

1982-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

130

Electric power substation capital costs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The displacement or deferral of substation equipment is a key benefit associated with several technologies that are being developed with the support of the US Department of Energy`s Office of Utility Technologies. This could occur, for example, as a result of installing a distributed generating resource within an electricity distribution system. The objective of this study was to develop a model for preparing preliminary estimates of substation capital costs based on rudimentary conceptual design information. The model is intended to be used by energy systems analysts who need ``ballpark`` substation cost estimates to help establish the value of advanced utility technologies that result in the deferral or displacement of substation equipment. This cost-estimating model requires only minimal inputs. More detailed cost-estimating approaches are recommended when more detailed design information is available. The model was developed by collecting and evaluating approximately 20 sets of substation design and cost data from about 10 US sources, including federal power marketing agencies and private and public electric utilities. The model is principally based on data provided by one of these sources. Estimates prepared with the model were compared with estimated and actual costs for the data sets received from the other utilities. In general, good agreement (for conceptual level estimating) was found between estimates prepared with the cost-estimating model and those prepared by the individual utilities. Thus, the model was judged to be adequate for making preliminary estimates of typical substation costs for US utilities.

Dagle, J.E.; Brown, D.R.

1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Memory cost of quantum protocols  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper we consider the problem of minimizing the ancillary systems required to realize an arbitrary strategy of a quantum protocol, with the assistance of classical memory. For this purpose we introduce the notion of memory cost of a strategy, which measures the resources required in terms of ancillary dimension. We provide a condition for the cost to be equal to a given value, and we use this result to evaluate the cost in some special cases. As an example we show that any covariant protocol for the cloning of a unitary transformation requires at most one ancillary qubit. We also prove that the memory cost has to be determined globally, and cannot be calculated by optimizing the resources independently at each step of the strategy.

Alessandro Bisio; Giacomo Mauro D'Ariano; Paolo Perinotti; Michal Sedlak

2011-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

132

Connecticut Natural Gas Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of Others (Million Cubic Feet) Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of Others (Million Cubic Feet) Connecticut Natural Gas Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of Others (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 533 513 2,680 1990's 1,169 1,887 1,037 602 7,455 6,836 5,193 7,709 13,270 17,692 2000's 10,509 9,953 11,188 12,350 11,013 10,606 9,458 10,252 11,032 12,324 2010's 14,068 15,519 14,774 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 1/7/2014 Next Release Date: 1/31/2014 Referring Pages: Natural Gas Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of Others

133

Pennsylvania Natural Gas Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of Others (Million Cubic Feet) Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of Others (Million Cubic Feet) Pennsylvania Natural Gas Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of Others (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 7,787 12,476 19,406 1990's 27,144 28,528 32,481 29,758 35,514 45,481 45,809 52,464 56,528 61,752 2000's 57,397 50,476 53,048 56,590 52,546 55,148 52,334 60,506 62,616 67,105 2010's 70,514 72,719 73,461 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 1/7/2014 Next Release Date: 1/31/2014 Referring Pages: Natural Gas Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of

134

The Efficacy of Computer-Delivered Treatment for Smoking Cessation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...controlled trial of a palmtop computer-delivered, individualized...complete assessments on a palmtop computer during the week before quitting...important to note that hand-held computers were not common at the time...of interest were disclosed. Grant Support The manuscript was...

Lorraine R. Reitzel; Jennifer B. McClure; Ludmila Cofta-Woerpel; Carlos A. Mazas; Yumei Cao; Paul M. Cinciripini; Jennifer Irvin Vidrine; Yisheng Li; and David W. Wetter

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

The Efficacy of Computer-Delivered Treatment for Smoking Cessation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...controlled trial of a palmtop computer-delivered, individualized...assessments on a palmtop computer during the week before...note that hand-held computers were not common at the...interest were disclosed. Grant Support The manuscript...4) Education High school/GED 38 (25.3) 42...

Lorraine R. Reitzel; Jennifer B. McClure; Ludmila Cofta-Woerpel; Carlos A. Mazas; Yumei Cao; Paul M. Cinciripini; Jennifer Irvin Vidrine; Yisheng Li; and David W. Wetter

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

IPAS exists to deliver breakthrough science, drive innovation and thus  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

IPAS exists to deliver breakthrough science, drive innovation and thus enable illuminated decision making for a safer, healthier & wealthier world #12;Director's Welcome Our vision is to make IPAS from many areas of science. IPAS has been created to bring together physicists, chemists and biologists

137

On how nanomechanical systems can minimize dissipation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Information processing machines at the nanoscales are unavoidably affected by thermal fluctuations. Efficient design requires understanding how nanomachines can operate at minimal energy dissipation. In this letter we focus on mechanical systems controlled by smoothly varying potential forces. We show that optimal control equations come about in a natural way if the energy cost to manipulate the potential is taken into account. When such cost becomes negligible, the optimal control strategy can be constructed by transparent geometrical methods and recovers the solution of optimal mass transport equations in the overdamped limit. Our equations are equivalent to hierarchies of kinetic equations of a form well-known in the theory of dilute gases. From our results, optimal strategies for energy efficient nanosystems may be devised

Paolo Muratore-Ginanneschi; Kay Schwieger

2014-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

138

Delivering Energy Efficiency to Middle Income Single Family Households  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Delivering Energy Efficiency to Middle Income Single Family Households Delivering Energy Efficiency to Middle Income Single Family Households Title Delivering Energy Efficiency to Middle Income Single Family Households Publication Type Report Year of Publication 2011 Authors Zimring, Mark, Merrian Borgeson, Ian M. Hoffman, Charles A. Goldman, Elizabeth Stuart, Annika Todd, and Megan A. Billingsley Pagination 102 Date Published 12/2011 Publisher LBNL City Berkeley Keywords electricity markets and policy group, energy analysis and environmental impacts department Abstract The question posed in this report is: How can programs motivate these middle income single family households to seek out more comprehensive energy upgrades, and empower them to do so? Research methods included interviews with more than 35 program administrators, policy makers, researchers, and other experts; case studies of programs, based on interviews with staff and a review of program materials and data; and analysis of relevant data sources and existing research on demographics, the financial status of Americans, and the characteristics of middle income American households. While there is no 'silver bullet' to help these households overcome the range of barriers they face, this report describes outreach strategies, innovative program designs, and financing tools that show promise in increasing the attractiveness and accessibility of energy efficiency for this group. These strategies and tools should be seen as models that are currently being honed to build our knowledge and capacity to deliver energy improvements to middle income households. However, the strategies described in this report are probably not sufficient, in the absence of robust policy frameworks, to deliver these improvements at scale. Instead, these strategies must be paired with enabling and complementary policies to reach their full potential.

139

Quantum cost for sending entanglement  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Establishing quantum entanglement between two distant parties is an essential step of many protocols in quantum information processing. One possibility for providing long-distance entanglement is to create an entangled composite state within a lab and then physically send one subsystem to a distant lab. However, is this the "cheapest" way? Here, we investigate the minimal "cost" that is necessary for establishing a certain amount of entanglement between two distant parties. We prove that this cost is intrinsically quantum, and is specified by quantum correlations. Our results provide an optimal protocol for entanglement distribution and show that quantum correlations are the essential resource for this task.

Alexander Streltsov; Hermann Kampermann; Dagmar Bruß

2012-03-06T23:59:59.000Z

140

Types of Costs Types of Cost Estimates  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

first cost or capital investment): ­ Expenditures made to acquire or develop capital assets ­ Three main· Types of Costs · Types of Cost Estimates · Methods to estimate capital costs MIN E 408: Mining-site management or corporate level expenditure · Direct vs. Indirect Costs ­ Direct (or variable) costs apply

Boisvert, Jeff

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "minimize delivered cost" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Types of Costs Types of Cost Estimates  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-Revenue Relationships · Capital Costs (or first cost or capital investment): ­ Expenditures made to acquire or develop05-1 · Types of Costs · Types of Cost Estimates · Methods to estimate capital costs MIN E 408 ­ off-site management or corporate level expenditure · Direct vs. Indirect Costs ­ Direct (or variable

Boisvert, Jeff

142

ENERGY-MINIMIZING INCOMPRESSIBLE NEMATIC ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We prove weak lower semi-continuity and existence of energy-minimizers for a free energy describing stable deformations and the corresponding director ...

2014-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

143

Efficient trading strategies in financial markets with proportional transaction costs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Efficient trading strategies in financial markets with proportional transaction costs Luciano CAMPI market model of foreign currencies with proportional transaction costs. In our setting, transaction costs as the minimal amount of a given initial portfolio allowing any agent to reach the claim by trading in the market

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

144

Improving Cost Calculations for Global Constraints in Local Search  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Improving Cost Calculations for Global Constraints in Local Search Markus Bohlin Swedish Institute- straint satisfaction is based on local minimization of a cost function, which is usually the number equivalent to a set of basic constraints but still contributes as little to the cost as a single basic

Rossi, Francesca

145

Delivering Renewable Hydrogen: A Focus on Near-Term Applications  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Delivering Renewable Hydrogen Delivering Renewable Hydrogen A Focus on Near-Term Applications A One-Day Workshop Presented by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory and the California Fuel Cell Partnership Palm Springs, California, November 16, 2009 Palm Springs Convention Center, Wyndham Hotel - Catalina Room, 9:00 AM to 5:00 PM With Modeling Show-and-Tell at 5:15 PM and Reception Presentation at 6:15 PM (Mesquite Room G) AGENDA 8:30 am Registration 9:00 am Welcome and Opening Remarks: Robert Remick, NREL 9:10 am Session 1: Renewable Hydrogen Policy and Markets Moderator: Nancy Garland, U.S. Department of Energy 1. Hydrogen Policy and Analyzing the Transition Paul Leiby, Oak Ridge National Laboratory 2. California Regulations on Renewable Hydrogen and Low Carbon Technologies

146

Industrial heat pumps: types and costs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Many potentially beneficial applications for industrial heat pumps are not being pursued because of confusion regarding both energy savings and economics. Part of this confusion stems from the variety of heat pumps available and the fact that the measure of merit, the coefficient of performance (COP), is commonly defined in at least three different ways. In an attempt to circumvent this problem, a simple categorization was developed based on the commonly accepted COP definitions. Using this categorization, the cost of recovering waste energy with heat pumps was examined. Examples were evaluated in which the cost of energy delivered was calculated based on estimates of capital cost, operating costs, and maintenance costs. Heat pumps from the various categories were then compared on the basis of economics.

Chappell, R.N.; Bliem, C.J. Jr.; Mills, J.I.; Demuth, O.J.; Plaster, D.S.

1985-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

Industrial heat pumps - types and costs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Many potentially beneficial applications for industrial heat pumps are not being pursued because of confusion regarding both energy savings and economics. Part of this confusion stems from the variety of heat pumps available and the fact that the measure of merit, the coefficient of performance (COP) is commonly defined in at least three different ways. In an attempt to circumvent this problem, a simple categorization was developed based on the commonly accepted COP definitions. Using this categorization, the cost of recovering waste energy with heat pumps was examined. Examples were evaluated in which the cost of energy delivered was calculated based on estimates of capital cost, operating costs, and maintenance costs. Heat pumps from the various categories were then compared on the basis of economics. 6 refs., 7 figs.

Chappell, R.N.; Bliem, C.J. Jr.; Mills, J.I.; Demuth, O.J.; Plaster, D.S.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

Estimating Specialty Costs  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

Specialty costs are those nonstandard, unusual costs that are not typically estimated. Costs for research and development (R&D) projects involving new technologies, costs associated with future regulations, and specialty equipment costs are examples of specialty costs. This chapter discusses those factors that are significant contributors to project specialty costs and methods of estimating costs for specialty projects.

1997-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

149

Direct costing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

oau 5e reduced. Under the same oonOitions, even ~Me on a bread scale entails not mere1y the conduct of the direct oyeraticns cf yrccessing the materials into finished products, but also the performance of auxiliary functions. these may 'ba power y... purposes have been advanced as folkway le Most of a o03RyaxO' 8 products Grc usual13r sold at prices which oovex' full product costs y plus 861ling a%el administrative expenses, plus normal profit. The inventoi~ valuate. on should be consistent...

Browning, Donald Bullock

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

150

Building Distributed Energy Performance Optimization for China a Regional Analysis of Building Energy Costs and CO2 Emissions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Analysis of Building Energy Costs and CO 2 Emissions WeiAnalysis of Building Energy Costs and CO 2 Emissions Weiwhich minimizes building energy cost or CO 2 emissions, or a

Feng, Wei

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

The power gain is the ratio of the power delivered to the load to the power delivered to the input of the amplifier [2].  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 The power gain is the ratio of the power delivered to the load to the power delivered to the input of the amplifier [2]. 2 The transducer gain is the ratio of the power delivered to the load to the available power of the source [2] and is a function of the source impedance. If the source impedance has

Groppi, Christopher

152

Cost Analysis Rate Settin  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cost Analysis and Rate Settin for Animal Research Facilities #12;#12;Cost Analysis and Rate ... .. . ...................... . . . ................................. . .... 7 Chapter 2 Preparation for Cost Analysis ......................................................... 9 Chapter 3 Assignment of Costs to Animal Research Facility Cost Centers

Baker, Chris I.

153

Cost Sharing What is Cost Sharing?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Cost Sharing What is Cost Sharing? x Cost sharing is a commitment to use university resources and Expenses o Equipment x Committing to cost share is highly discouraged unless required by the sponsoring agency x Tracking of committed cost share is required to meet federal regulations (OMB A-110) x UCSD has

Tsien, Roger Y.

154

Cost Sharing Basics Definitions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cost Sharing Basics Definitions Some funding agencies require the grantee institution the project costs. Cost sharing is defined as project costs not borne by the sponsor. Cost sharing funds may resources or facilities. If the award is federal, only acceptable non-federal costs qualify as cost sharing

Finley Jr., Russell L.

155

Quantifying the system balancing cost when wind energy is incorporated into electricity generation system.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Incorporation of wind energy into the electricity generation system requires a detailed analysis of wind speed in order to minimize system balancing cost and avoid… (more)

Issaeva, Natalia

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Long-term Clinical Outcomes of Whole-Breast Irradiation Delivered in the Prone Position  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purpose: The aim of this study was to evaluate retrospectively the effectiveness and toxicity of post-lumpectomy whole-breast radiation therapy delivered with prone positioning. Methods and Materials: Between September 1992 and August 2004, 245 women with 248 early-stage invasive or in situ breast cancers were treated using a prone breast board. Photon fields treated the whole breast to 46 to 50.4 Gy with standard fractionation. The target volume was clinically palpable breast tissue; no attempt was made to irradiate chest wall lymphatics. Tumor bed boosts were delivered in 85% of cases. Adjuvant chemotherapy and hormonal therapy were administered to 42% and 62% of patients, respectively. Results: After a median follow-up of 4.9 years, the 5 year actuarial true local and elsewhere ipsilateral breast tumor recurrence rates were 4.8% and 1.3%, respectively. The 5-year actuarial rates of regional nodal recurrence and distant metastases were 1.6% and 7.4%. Actuarial disease-free, disease-specific, and overall survival rates at 5 years were 89.4%, 97.3%, and 93%, respectively. Treatment breaks were required by 2.4% of patients. Grade 3 acute dermatitis and edema were each limited to 2% of patients. Only 4.9% of patients complained of acute chest wall discomfort. Chronic Grade 2 to 3 skin and subcutaneous tissue toxicities were reported in 4.4% and 13.7% of patients, respectively. Conclusions: Prone position breast radiation results in similar long-term disease control with a favorable toxicity profile compared with standard supine tangents. The anatomic advantages of prone positioning may contribute to improving the therapeutic ratio of post-lumpectomy radiation by improving dose homogeneity and minimizing incidental cardiac and lung dose.

Stegman, Lauren D. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Department of Medicine, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY (United States); Beal, Katherine P. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Department of Medicine, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY (United States); Hunt, Margie A. [Department of Medical Physics, Department of Medicine, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY (United States); Fornier, Monica N. [Department of Breast Cancer Medicine Service, Department of Medicine, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY (United States); McCormick, Beryl [Department of Radiation Oncology, Department of Medicine, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY (United States)]. E-mail: mccormib@mskcc.org

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

Reduce generating costs and eliminate brownouts  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Improving the manoeuverability of a coal-fired plant to allow it to participate in primary frequency support will reduce generation cost and minimize brownouts. The challenge is to do so without compromising efficiency or emissions. This article describes an approach - activation of stored energy - that is cost-effective and applicable to both greenfield and brownfield installations. It requires a new control philosophy, plus the correct application of new level and flow measurement 'best practices'. 4 refs., 1 tab.

Nogaja, R.; Menezes, M. [Emerson Process Management (United States)

2007-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

158

FULL-COST ACCOUNTING  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

FULL-COST ACCOUNTING ... Environmental costs would be built into a product's cost, and consumers would be able to make informed purchases. ...

1993-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

159

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Frito-Lay Delivers With Electric Truck Fleet  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Frito-Lay Delivers Frito-Lay Delivers With Electric Truck Fleet to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Frito-Lay Delivers With Electric Truck Fleet on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Frito-Lay Delivers With Electric Truck Fleet on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Frito-Lay Delivers With Electric Truck Fleet on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Frito-Lay Delivers With Electric Truck Fleet on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Frito-Lay Delivers With Electric Truck Fleet on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Frito-Lay Delivers With Electric Truck Fleet on AddThis.com... Sept. 22, 2012 Frito-Lay Delivers With Electric Truck Fleet D iscover how Frito-Lay provides service with electric trucks in Columbus,

160

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Golden Eagle Delivers Beer With Natural Gas  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Golden Eagle Delivers Golden Eagle Delivers Beer With Natural Gas Trucks to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Golden Eagle Delivers Beer With Natural Gas Trucks on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Golden Eagle Delivers Beer With Natural Gas Trucks on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Golden Eagle Delivers Beer With Natural Gas Trucks on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Golden Eagle Delivers Beer With Natural Gas Trucks on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Golden Eagle Delivers Beer With Natural Gas Trucks on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Golden Eagle Delivers Beer With Natural Gas Trucks on AddThis.com... Aug. 3, 2013 Golden Eagle Delivers Beer With Natural Gas Trucks

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "minimize delivered cost" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

New fuel injector design lowers cost  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This article describes the Bendix Deka injector series. Bendix engineers have been striving to lessen costs of all portions of the injection equipment, especially single and multipoint injectors. Results of these efforts are advanced, thin-edged orifice and floating unitized armature designs. External configurations of both multipoint and single point Bendix Deka injectors are such that they can directly replace existing products. Both injector types are designed to be able to deliver any calibration within the currently-known requirements. Flow tolerances for Deka injectors match all known requirements, representing a good economic balance between performance and cost. Materials were carefully chosen for wear and corrosion resistance.

De Grace, L.G.; Bata, G.T.

1985-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Design and prototyping of a low-cost portable mechanical ventilator  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper describes the design and prototyping of a low-cost portable mechanical ventilator for use in mass casualty cases and resource-poor environments. The ventilator delivers breaths by compressing a conventional ...

Powelson, Stephen K. (Stephen Kirby)

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Innovative Manufacturing and Materials for Low-Cost Lithium-Ion...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

* Deliver eight 2 Ah coated stack & control cells by Oct- 12 for DOE testing * Provide cost analysis of these cells by Dec-12 * Evaluate design options for new current collector...

164

Minimal energy for elastic inclusions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...articles 1008 4 120 Minimal energy for elastic inclusions Hans...Courant Institute, New York University, , Mercer Street 251, New York, NY 10012, USA We...term representing elastic energy. More precisely, our aim...

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Energy-Efficient Network Routing with Discrete Cost Functions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Energy consumption is an important issue in the ... of networks. In this paper, we explore energy savings in networks via a rate adaptation ... . This model can be represented by a cost-minimization network routi...

Lin Wang; Antonio Fernández Anta; Fa Zhang…

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Ageing Effects on the Mechanical Energy Cost of Walking  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The mechanics of human gait have been considered to minimize the mechanical energy costs of transporting the body. With ageing, ... locomotion. The current study compared the mechanical energy efficiency of gait ...

H. Nagano; W. A. Sparrow; R. Begg

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Heat Content of Natural Gas Delivered to Consumers  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Data Series: Delivered to Consumers Total Consumption Electric Power Other Sectors Period: Data Series: Delivered to Consumers Total Consumption Electric Power Other Sectors Period: Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: Data Series Area 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History U.S. 1,027 1,027 1,025 1,023 1,022 1,024 2003-2012 Alabama 1,029 1,025 1,026 1,018 1,018 1,016 2007-2012 Alaska 1,006 1,006 1,005 1,005 1,013 1,012 2007-2012 Arizona 1,023 1,027 1,021 1,016 1,015 1,021 2007-2012 Arkansas 1,014 1,015 1,016 1,012 1,017 1,015 2007-2012 California 1,030 1,028 1,027 1,023 1,020 1,022 2007-2012 Colorado 1,030 1,020 1,019 1,019 1,032 1,039 2007-2012 Connecticut 1,019 1,018 1,019 1,022 1,026 1,031 2007-2012

168

Migration by Soaring or Flapping Flight in Birds: The Relative Importance of Energy Cost and Speed  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Relative Importance of Energy Cost and Speed Anders Hedenstrom...mechanical theory, for (i) energy-selected migration and...minimization of transport costs probably cannot be the...significantly larger than in energy-selected migration...

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Cost-Effectiveness Ratio  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The cost?effectiveness ratio (CER) is a calculation that summarizes the intervention's net cost and effectiveness. The three types of CER are: the average cost?effectiveness ratio (ACER), the marginal cost?...

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Cost Share-Cost Reimbursement Invoice Format Example | The Ames...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Share-Cost Reimbursement Invoice Format Example Effective Date: 102014 File (public): Cost Share-Cost...

171

Electric Blanket Delivers K.O. to Space Heater During #EnergyFaceoff...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Electric Blanket Delivers K.O. to Space Heater During EnergyFaceoff Round Three Electric Blanket Delivers K.O. to Space Heater During EnergyFaceoff Round Three November 19, 2014...

172

TESTING FORM Please deliver exams with envelope & testing form at least 24 hours in advance to  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

TESTING FORM Please deliver exams with envelope & testing form at least 24 hours in advance to: _________________________________ Class Time: __________ - __________ _________ Test Date: _______________________________ Time allotted): ____________________________ INSTRUCTOR PROCEDURES: 1. Please deliver tests to WYLY TOWER 318 at least 24 hours PRIOR to test time

Selmic, Sandra

173

Obama Administration Delivers More than $106 Million for Energy Efficiency  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

106 Million for Energy 106 Million for Energy Efficiency and Conservation Projects in 9 States Obama Administration Delivers More than $106 Million for Energy Efficiency and Conservation Projects in 9 States September 24, 2009 - 12:00am Addthis Washington, DC - Energy Secretary Steven Chu announced today that more than $106 million in funding from the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act is being awarded to 9 states to support energy efficiency and conservation activities. Under DOE's Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant (EECBG) program, these states will implement programs that lower energy use, reduce carbon pollution, and create green jobs locally. "This funding will allow states across the country to make major investments in energy solutions that will strengthen America's economy and

174

Obama Administration Delivers Nearly $72 Million for Energy Efficiency and  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Nearly $72 Million for Energy Nearly $72 Million for Energy Efficiency and Conservation Projects in 7 States and Territories Obama Administration Delivers Nearly $72 Million for Energy Efficiency and Conservation Projects in 7 States and Territories October 1, 2009 - 12:00am Addthis Washington, DC - Energy Secretary Steven Chu announced today that nearly $72 million in funding from the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act is being awarded to 7 states and territories to support energy efficiency and conservation activities. Under DOE's Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant (EECBG) program, these states will implement programs that lower energy use, reduce carbon pollution, and create green jobs locally. "This funding will allow states across the country to make major investments in energy solutions that will strengthen America's economy and

175

NWChem Delivering High-Performance Computational Chemistry to Science  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

NWChem NWChem Delivering High-Performance Computational Chemistry to Science SCientifiC innovation tHrougH integration www.nwchem-sw.org www.emsl.pnl.gov NWChem  High-Performance Computational Chemistry EMSL  Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory 2 3 NWChem software » Biomolecules, nanostructures, and solid state » From quantum to classical, and all combinations » Gaussian functions or plane-waves » Scaling from one to thousands of processors » Properties and relativity » Open source NWChem Introduction NWChem is cutting-edge software that offers an extensive array of highly scalable, parallel computational chemistry methods needed to address a wide range of large, challenging scientific questions. As one of the U.S. Department of Energy's premier computational chemistry tools, NWChem is

176

Obama Administration Delivers More than $36 Million to Pennsylvania  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

6 Million to Pennsylvania 6 Million to Pennsylvania Communities for Energy Efficiency Projects Obama Administration Delivers More than $36 Million to Pennsylvania Communities for Energy Efficiency Projects September 17, 2009 - 12:00am Addthis Bensalem, PA - At a Clean Energy Economy Forum with Governor Rendell in Bensalem today, U.S. Energy Secretary Steven Chu announced that DOE is awarding more than $36 million in funding from the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act to support energy efficiency and conservation projects in communities across Pennsylvania. Under DOE's Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant (EECBG) Program, these funds are being awarded to Pennsylvania's State Energy Office and local cities and counties to help lower energy use, reduce carbon pollution, and create green jobs across the

177

Secretary Moniz's Remarks at the Powering Africa Summit in Washington, D.C.-- As Delivered  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Secretary Moniz's remarks, as delivered, at the Power Africa Summit in Washington, D.C. on January 29, 2015.

178

Secretary Moniz's Remarks Presenting the Department’s FY 2016 Budget Request-- As Delivered  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Secretary Moniz's remarks, as delivered, presenting the Department’s FY 2016 Budget Request on February 2, 2015.

179

Toward Cost-Sensitive Modeling for Intrusion Detection Computer Science Department  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Toward Cost-Sensitive Modeling for Intrusion Detection Wenke Lee Computer Science Department North,ezk,weaselg@cs.columbia.edu Abstract Intrusion detection systems need to maximize security while minimizing costs. In this paper, we study the problem of building cost-sensitive intrusion detection models. We examine the major cost

180

Evidence of cost growth under cost-plus and fixed-price contracting  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As defined by the US Department of Energy (DOE), privatization refers to a shifting of responsibilities for the completion of projects from a cost-plus Management and Operations (M and O) contract, to incentive-based contracts with the private sector. DOE`s new vision is to arrange cleanup work around incentives-based contracts, which are won via competitive bidding. Competition in awarding cleanup contracts can make use of market incentives to lower project costs and reduce slippage time. Fixed-price contracts encourage contractors to minimize schedule delays and cost overruns once the scope of a project has been negotiated. Conversely, cost-plus contracting offers weak incentives for contractors to select cost-minimizing production and management approaches. Because privatization explicitly allocates more risk to the contractor, it forces the government to better define its goals and methods. This study summarizes actual cost experiences with government contracts performed under cost-plus and fixed-price incentive structures at all levels of government. The first section provides some background on the problem of making contractor activity more cost-efficient. Following this are sections on the measurement of performance and the costs of projects, limitations on measurement, and findings of similar studies. The study concludes with appendices discussing the details of the performance measurement methodology and the project data sets used in the study.

Scott, M.J.; Paananaen, O.H.; Redgate, T.E.; Ulibarri, C.A.; Jaksch, J.A.

1998-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "minimize delivered cost" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Cost Model and Cost Estimating Software  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

This chapter discusses a formalized methodology is basically a cost model, which forms the basis for estimating software.

1997-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

182

LLNL Waste Minimization Program Plan  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document is the February 14, 1990 version of the LLNL Waste Minimization Program Plan (WMPP). The Waste Minimization Policy field has undergone continuous changes since its formal inception in the 1984 HSWA legislation. The first LLNL WMPP, Revision A, is dated March 1985. A series of informal revision were made on approximately a semi-annual basis. This Revision 2 is the third formal issuance of the WMPP document. EPA has issued a proposed new policy statement on source reduction and recycling. This policy reflects a preventative strategy to reduce or eliminate the generation of environmentally-harmful pollutants which may be released to the air, land surface, water, or ground water. In accordance with this new policy new guidance to hazardous waste generators on the elements of a Waste Minimization Program was issued. In response to these policies, DOE has revised and issued implementation guidance for DOE Order 5400.1, Waste Minimization Plan and Waste Reduction reporting of DOE Hazardous, Radioactive, and Radioactive Mixed Wastes, final draft January 1990. This WMPP is formatted to meet the current DOE guidance outlines. The current WMPP will be revised to reflect all of these proposed changes when guidelines are established. Updates, changes and revisions to the overall LLNL WMPP will be made as appropriate to reflect ever-changing regulatory requirements. 3 figs., 4 tabs.

Not Available

1990-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

183

Table 18. Total Delivered Commercial Energy Consumption, Projected vs. Actual  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Total Delivered Commercial Energy Consumption, Projected vs. Actual Total Delivered Commercial Energy Consumption, Projected vs. Actual Projected (quadrillion Btu) 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 AEO 1994 6.8 6.9 6.9 7.0 7.1 7.1 7.2 7.2 7.3 7.3 7.4 7.4 7.4 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.6 AEO 1995 6.9 6.9 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.2 7.2 7.2 7.2 7.3 7.3 7.3 AEO 1996 7.1 7.2 7.2 7.3 7.3 7.4 7.4 7.5 7.6 7.6 7.7 7.7 7.8 7.9 8.0 8.0 8.1 AEO 1997 7.4 7.4 7.4 7.5 7.5 7.6 7.7 7.7 7.8 7.8 7.9 7.9 8.0 8.1 8.1 8.2 AEO 1998 7.5 7.6 7.7 7.8 7.9 8.0 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 8.4 8.4 8.5 8.6 8.7 AEO 1999 7.4 7.8 7.9 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.2 8.3 8.4 8.5 8.6 8.7 8.8 8.9 AEO 2000 7.7 7.8 7.9 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 8.4 8.5 8.5 8.7 8.7 8.8 AEO 2001 7.8 8.1 8.3 8.6 8.7 8.9 9.0 9.2 9.3 9.5 9.6 9.7 AEO 2002 8.2 8.4 8.7 8.9 9.0 9.2 9.4 9.6 9.7 9.9 10.1

184

Table 19. Total Delivered Industrial Energy Consumption, Projected vs. Actual  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Total Delivered Industrial Energy Consumption, Projected vs. Actual Total Delivered Industrial Energy Consumption, Projected vs. Actual Projected (quadrillion Btu) 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 AEO 1994 25.4 25.9 26.3 26.7 27.0 27.1 26.8 26.6 26.9 27.2 27.7 28.1 28.3 28.7 29.1 29.4 29.7 30.0 AEO 1995 26.2 26.3 26.5 27.0 27.3 26.9 26.6 26.8 27.1 27.5 27.9 28.2 28.4 28.7 29.0 29.3 29.6 AEO 1996 26.5 26.6 27.3 27.5 26.9 26.5 26.7 26.9 27.2 27.6 27.9 28.2 28.3 28.5 28.7 28.9 29.2 AEO 1997 26.2 26.5 26.9 26.7 26.6 26.8 27.1 27.4 27.8 28.0 28.4 28.7 28.9 29.0 29.2 29.4 AEO 1998 27.2 27.5 27.2 26.9 27.1 27.5 27.7 27.9 28.3 28.7 29.0 29.3 29.7 29.9 30.1 AEO 1999 26.7 26.4 26.4 26.8 27.1 27.3 27.5 27.9 28.3 28.6 28.9 29.2 29.5 29.7 AEO 2000 25.8 25.5 25.7 26.0 26.5 26.9 27.4 27.8 28.1 28.3 28.5 28.8 29.0

185

Table 17. Total Delivered Residential Energy Consumption, Projected vs. Actual  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Total Delivered Residential Energy Consumption, Projected vs. Actual Total Delivered Residential Energy Consumption, Projected vs. Actual Projected (quadrillion Btu) 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 AEO 1994 10.3 10.4 10.4 10.4 10.4 10.4 10.4 10.4 10.4 10.4 10.4 10.5 10.5 10.5 10.5 10.5 10.6 10.6 AEO 1995 11.0 10.8 10.8 10.8 10.8 10.8 10.8 10.7 10.7 10.7 10.7 10.7 10.7 10.7 10.8 10.8 10.9 AEO 1996 10.4 10.7 10.7 10.7 10.8 10.8 10.9 10.9 11.0 11.2 11.2 11.3 11.4 11.5 11.6 11.7 11.8 AEO 1997 11.1 10.9 11.1 11.1 11.2 11.2 11.2 11.3 11.4 11.5 11.5 11.6 11.7 11.8 11.9 12.0 AEO 1998 10.7 11.1 11.2 11.4 11.5 11.5 11.6 11.7 11.8 11.9 11.9 12.1 12.1 12.2 12.3 AEO 1999 10.5 11.1 11.3 11.3 11.4 11.5 11.5 11.6 11.6 11.7 11.8 11.9 12.0 12.1 AEO 2000 10.7 10.9 11.0 11.1 11.2 11.3 11.4 11.5 11.6 11.7 11.8 11.9 12.0

186

Table 20. Total Delivered Transportation Energy Consumption, Projected vs. Actual  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Total Delivered Transportation Energy Consumption, Projected vs. Actual Total Delivered Transportation Energy Consumption, Projected vs. Actual Projected (quadrillion Btu) 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 AEO 1994 23.6 24.1 24.5 24.7 25.1 25.4 25.7 26.2 26.5 26.9 27.2 27.6 27.9 28.3 28.6 28.9 29.2 29.5 AEO 1995 23.3 24.0 24.2 24.7 25.1 25.5 25.9 26.2 26.5 26.9 27.3 27.7 28.0 28.3 28.5 28.7 28.9 AEO 1996 23.9 24.1 24.5 24.8 25.3 25.7 26.0 26.4 26.7 27.1 27.5 27.8 28.1 28.4 28.6 28.9 29.1 AEO 1997 24.7 25.3 25.9 26.4 27.0 27.5 28.0 28.5 28.9 29.4 29.8 30.3 30.6 30.9 31.1 31.3 AEO 1998 25.3 25.9 26.7 27.1 27.7 28.3 28.8 29.4 30.0 30.6 31.2 31.7 32.3 32.8 33.1 AEO 1999 25.4 26.0 27.0 27.6 28.2 28.8 29.4 30.0 30.6 31.2 31.7 32.2 32.8 33.1 AEO 2000 26.2 26.8 27.4 28.0 28.5 29.1 29.7 30.3 30.9 31.4 31.9 32.5 32.9

187

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Lee's Summit R-7 School District Delivers  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Lee's Summit R-7 Lee's Summit R-7 School District Delivers with Electric Trucks to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Lee's Summit R-7 School District Delivers with Electric Trucks on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Lee's Summit R-7 School District Delivers with Electric Trucks on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Lee's Summit R-7 School District Delivers with Electric Trucks on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Lee's Summit R-7 School District Delivers with Electric Trucks on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Lee's Summit R-7 School District Delivers with Electric Trucks on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Lee's Summit R-7 School District Delivers with Electric Trucks on AddThis.com...

188

Non--perturbative bounds on the Higgs mass in the minimal standard model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This is a slightly extended version of the talk delivered at the Topical Workshop ``Non perturbative aspects of chiral gauge theories'', Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei, Roma, 9-11 March, 1992. Abstract: The Higgs mass in the minimal standard model is bounded by triviality and vacuum stability in the range 50--100 $GeV$ to 700--900 $GeV$. Recent results will be presented in brief and directions for future work will be proposed.

Herbert Neuberger

1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

Cost Study Manual  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

28, 2012 28, 2012 Cost Study Manual Executive Summary This Cost Study Manual documents the procedures for preparing a Cost Study to compare the cost of a contractor's employee benefits to the industry average from a broad-based national benefit cost survey. The annual Employee Benefits Cost Study Comparison (Cost Study) assists with the analysis of contractors' employee benefits costs. The Contracting Officer (CO) may require corrective action when the average benefit per capita cost or the benefit cost as a percent of payroll exceeds the comparator group by more than five percent. For example, if per capita benefit costs for the comparator group are $10,000 and the benefit costs as a percent of payroll for the comparator group are 20%, the threshold for the contractor's benefits as a

190

Activity Based Costing  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

Activity Based Costing (ABC) is method for developing cost estimates in which the project is subdivided into discrete, quantifiable activities or a work unit. This chapter outlines the Activity Based Costing method and discusses applicable uses of ABC.

1997-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

191

Levelized Electricity Costs  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The concept of levelized energy costs responds to the necessity of disclosing the ... in order to recover the total life cycle cost of energy production. This chapter charts the effectiveness of levelized cost fo...

Nuno Luis Madureira

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Estimating design costs for first-of-a-kind projects  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Modern scientific facilities are often outcomes of projects that are first-of-a-kind, that is, minimal historical data are available for project costs and schedules. However, at Fermilab, there was an opportunity to execute two similar projects consecutively. In this paper, a comparative study of the design costs for these two projects is presented using earned value methodology. This study provides some insights into how to estimate the cost of a replicated project.

Banerjee, Bakul; /Fermilab

2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Methods | Transparent Cost Database  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

information NREL has developed the following cost of energy tools: System Advisor Model (SAM): https:sam.nrel.gov SAM makes performance predictions and cost of...

194

Final Scientific and Technical Report - Practical Fiber Delivered Laser Ignition Systems for Vehicles  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Research has characterized advanced kagome fiber optics for their use in laser ignition systems. In comparison to past fibers used in laser ignition, these fibers have the important advantage of being relatively bend-insensitivity, so that they can be bent and coiled without degradation of output energy or beam quality. The results are very promising for practical systems. For pulse durations of ~12 ns, the fibers could deliver >~10 mJ pulses before damage onset. A study of pulse duration showed that by using longer pulse duration (~20 – 30 ns), it is possible to carry even higher pulse energy (by factor of ~2-3) which also provides future opportunities to implement longer duration sources. Beam quality measurements showed nearly single-mode output from the kagome fibers (i.e. M2 close to 1) which is the optimum possible value and, combined with their high pulse energy, shows the suitability of the fibers for laser ignition. Research has also demonstrated laser ignition of an engine including reliable (100%) ignition of a single-cylinder gasoline engine using the laser ignition system with bent and coiled kagome fiber. The COV of IMEP was <2% which is favorable for stable engine operation. These research results, along with the continued reduction in cost of laser sources, support our commercial development of practical laser ignition systems.

Yalin, Azer [Seaforth, LLC

2014-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

195

WIPP WASTE MINIMIZATION PROGRAM DESCRIPTION  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Carlsbad, New Mexico 8822 Carlsbad, New Mexico 8822 1 NOV 2 3 2011 Mr. John Kieling , Acting Bureau Chief Hazardous Waste Bureau New Mexico Environme nt Department 2905 Rodeo Park Drive East, Building 1 Santa Fe, New Mexico 87505-6303 Subject: Transmittal of the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Annual Waste Minimization Report Dear Mr. Kieling: This letter provides the submittal of the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Annual Waste Minimization Report. This report is required by and has bee n prepared in accordance with the WIPP Hazardous Waste Facility Perm it Part 2, Permit Condition 2.4. We certify under penalty of law that this document and all enclosures were prepared under our direction or supervision according to a system designed to assure that qualified personnel properly gather and evaluate the information submitted

196

A Minimally Symmetric Higgs Boson  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Models addressing the naturalness of a light Higgs boson typically employ symmetries, either bosonic or fermionic, to stabilize the Higgs mass. We consider a setup with the minimal amount of symmetries: four shift symmetries acting on the four components of the Higgs doublet, subject to the constraints of linearly realized SU(2)xU(1) electroweak symmetry. Up to terms that explicitly violate the shift symmetries, the effective lagrangian can be derived, irrespective of the spontaneously broken group G in the ultraviolet, and is universal in all models where the Higgs arises as a pseudo-Nambu-Goldstone boson (PNGB). Very high energy scatterings of vector bosons could provide smoking gun signals of a minimally symmetric Higgs boson.

Ian Low

2014-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

197

Minimal universal quantum heat machine  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In traditional thermodynamics the Carnot cycle yields the ideal performance bound of heat engines and refrigerators. We propose and analyze a minimal model of a heat machine that can play a similar role in quantum regimes. The minimal model consists of a single two-level system with periodically modulated energy splitting that is permanently, weakly, coupled to two spectrally-separated heat baths at different temperatures. The equation of motion allows to compute the stationary power and heat currents in the machine consistently with the second-law of thermodynamics. This dual-purpose machine can act as either an engine or a refrigerator (heat pump) depending on the modulation rate. In both modes of operation the maximal Carnot efficiency is reached at zero power. We study the conditions for finite-time optimal performance for several variants of the model. Possible realizations of the model are discussed.

David Gelbwaser-Klimovsky; Robert Alicki; Gershon Kurizki

2012-09-06T23:59:59.000Z

198

A Minimally Symmetric Higgs Boson  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Models addressing the naturalness of a light Higgs boson typically employ symmetries, either bosonic or fermionic, to stabilize the Higgs mass. We consider a setup with the minimal amount of symmetries: four shift symmetries acting on the four components of the Higgs doublet, subject to the constraints of linearly realized SU(2)xU(1) electroweak symmetry. Up to terms that explicitly violate the shift symmetries, the effective lagrangian can be derived, irrespective of the spontaneously broken group G in the ultraviolet, and is universal in all models where the Higgs arises as a pseudo-Nambu-Goldstone boson (PNGB). Very high energy scatterings of vector bosons could provide smoking gun signals of a minimally symmetric Higgs boson.

Low, Ian

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

New geothermal heat extraction process to deliver clean power generation  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

A new method for capturing significantly more heat from low-temperature geothermal resources holds promise for generating virtually pollution-free electrical energy. Scientists at the Department of Energys Pacific Northwest National Laboratory will determine if their innovative approach can safely and economically extract and convert heat from vast untapped geothermal resources. The goal is to enable power generation from low-temperature geothermal resources at an economical cost. In addition to being a clean energy source without any greenhouse gas emissions, geothermal is also a steady and dependable source of power.

Pete McGrail

2012-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

200

Highly Insulating Windows - Cost  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Cost Cost The following is an estimate of the cost effective incremental cost of highly-insulating windows (U-factor=0.20 Btu/hr-ft2-F) compared to regular ENERGY STAR windows (U-factor 0.35 Btu/hr-ft2-F). Energy savings from lower U-factors were simulated with RESFEN over an assumed useful window life of 25 years. To determine the maximum incremental cost at which highly-insulating windows would still be cost-effective, we used a formula used by many utility companies to calculate the cost of saved energy from energy efficiency programs, based on the programs' cost and savings. We turned this formula around so that the cost of saved energy equals the present energy prices in the studied locations, whereas the program cost (the incremental cost of the windows) is the dependent variable. By entering 5%

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "minimize delivered cost" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

INDEPENDENT COST REVIEW (ICR) and INDEPENDENT COST ESTIMATE ...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

INDEPENDENT COST REVIEW (ICR) and INDEPENDENT COST ESTIMATE (ICE) Standard Operating Procedures INDEPENDENT COST REVIEW (ICR) and INDEPENDENT COST ESTIMATE (ICE) Standard Operating...

202

Contracting with reading costs and renegotiation costs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

OF CALIFORNIA, SAN DIEGO Contracting with Reading Costs andrents, and the competitive contracting process. Journal ofReiche. Foundation of incomplete contracting in a model of

Brennan, James R.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Cost Estimation Package  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

This chapter focuses on the components (or elements) of the cost estimation package and their documentation.

1997-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

204

Life Cycle Cost Estimate  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

Life-cycle costs (LCCs) are all the anticipated costs associated with a project or program alternative throughout its life. This includes costs from pre-operations through operations or to the end of the alternative.This chapter discusses life cycle costs and the role they play in planning.

1997-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

205

A chronicle of costs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report contains the history of all estimated costs associated with the superconducting super collider.

Elioff, T.

1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

Early Station Costs Questionnaire  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Early Station Costs Questionnaire Early Station Costs Questionnaire Marc Melaina Hydrogen Technologies and Systems Center Market Readiness Workshop February 16-17th, 2011 Washington, DC Questionnaire Goals * The Early Station Costs questionnaire provides an anonymous mechanism for organizations with direct experience with hydrogen station costs to provide feedback on current costs, near-term costs, economies of scale, and R&D priorities. * This feedback serves the hydrogen community and government agencies by increasing awareness of the status of refueling infrastructure costs National Renewable Energy Laboratory Innovation for Our Energy Future Questions for Market Readiness Workshop Attendees * Are these questions the right ones to be asking?

207

Low Cost, Durable Seal  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Cost, Durable Seal Cost, Durable Seal George M. Roberts UTC Power Corporation February 14, 2007 This presentation does not contain any proprietary or confidential information 1 LOW COST, DURABLE SEAL Outline * Project Objective * Technical Approach * Timeline * Team Roles * Budget * Q&A 2 LOW COST, DURABLE SEAL Project Objective Develop advanced, low cost, durable seal materials and sealing techniques amenable to high volume manufacture of PEM cell stacks. DOE Targets/Goals/Objectives Project Goal Durability Transportation: 5,000 hr Stationary: 40,000 hr Durability Improve mechanical and chemical stability to achieve 40,000 hr of useful operating life. Low Cost Low Cost A material cost equivalent to or less than the cost of silicones in common use. 3 LOW COST, DURABLE SEAL

208

E-Print Network 3.0 - antigen 85a delivered Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

elicited by the differently delivered vaccines was investigated. In this study E.Coli heat Source: Groningen, Rijksuniversiteit - Centre for Ecological and Evolutionary...

209

E-Print Network 3.0 - application delivering fast-breaking Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

) deliver insured non-insured finance ( approve (makepay cancel)) ... Source: Davulcu, Hasan - Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Arizona State University Collection:...

210

Delivered Energy Consumption Projections by Industry in the Annual Energy Outlook 2002  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

This paper presents delivered energy consumption and intensity projections for the industries included in the industrial sector of the National Energy Modeling System.

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Secretary Moniz's Remarks on Project Management Reform at the National Academy of Public Administration-- As Delivered  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Secretary Moniz's remarks, as delivered, on Project Management at the National Academy of Public Administration in Washington, DC on January 15, 2015.

212

Development and test case application of a waste minimization project evaluation method  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The authors have developed and applied a methodology to evaluate and prioritize proposed waste minimization activities affecting Department of Energy (DOE) programs. The approach provides a systematic and defensible method for selecting a set of waste minimization proposals that maximizes the benefits to DOE while maintaining costs within a specified budget. The report discusses the development of a structured set of evaluation criteria to characterize waste minimization issues; techniques for documenting the anticipated and potential costs, risks, and benefits of waste minimization proposals; and a method of translating disparate data into a figure of merit for each proposal. A test case demonstration of this prioritization approach was applied to proposals currently being considered at two DOE weapons production facilities. Recommendations are provided for combining this approach with the existing DOE proposal selection process. 9 refs., 9 figs., 3 tabs.

Kjeldgaard, E.A. (Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (USA)); Saloio, J.H.; Varnado, G.B. (ERC Environmental and Energy Services Co., Albuquerque, NM (USA))

1990-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON WIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS, VOL. 5, NO. 11, NOVEMBER 2006 3087 Energy Minimization for Real-Time Data Gathering  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

objective is to minimize the overall energy cost of the sensor nodes in the data gathering tree subjectIEEE TRANSACTIONS ON WIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS, VOL. 5, NO. 11, NOVEMBER 2006 3087 Energy problem of energy minimization for data gathering over a multiple-sources single-sink communication

Krishnamachari, Bhaskar

214

Bridging Utility Maximization and Regret Minimization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We relate the strategies obtained by (1) utility maximizers who use regret to refine their set of undominated strategies, and (2) regret minimizers who use weak domination to refine their sets of regret-minimizing strategies.

Chiesa, Alessandro

2013-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

215

Minimal surfaces bounded by elastic lines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...117 Minimal surfaces bounded by elastic lines L. Giomi 1 L. Mahadevan 1 2 * * Author...a minimal surface bounded by an elastic line: the Euler-Plateau problem. We use...a minimal surface bounded by an elastic line. The competition between the surface tension...

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Operations Cost Allocation Project  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Operations Consolidation Project Operations Consolidation Project Operations Consolidation Project (OCP) Cost Allocation Presentation - September 20, 2011 OCP Cost Allocation Customer Presentation List of Acronyms OCP Cost Allocation Spreadsheets OCP Cost Allocation Customer Presentation - Questions and Answers - September 19 - 20, 2011 Additional Questions and Answers Customer Comments/Questions and Answers: Arizona Municipal Power Users Association Arizona Power Authority Central Arizona Project Colorado River Commission Colorado River Energy Distributors Association City of Gilbert, AZ Irrigation and Electrical Districts Association of Arizona Town of Marana, AZ City of Mesa, AZ Town of Wickenburg, AZ Western's Final Decision Regarding the Long-Term Cost Allocation Methodology for Operations Staff Costs

217

Environmental and Cost Synergy in Supply Chain Network Integration Mergers and Acquisitions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with the minimization of the total costs and the total emissions under firm-specific weights. We propose a synergy measure that captures the total generalized cost. We then apply the new mathematical framework to quantifyEnvironmental and Cost Synergy in Supply Chain Network Integration in Mergers and Acquisitions Anna

Nagurney, Anna

218

Climbing and the daily energy cost of locomotion in wild chimpanzees: implications for hominoid locomotor evolution  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Climbing and the daily energy cost of locomotion in wild chimpanzees: implications for hominoid in a population of wild chimpanzees and used published equations to calculate the relative daily energy costs, specifically whether arboreal adaptations serve to minimize daily locomotor energy costs by decreasing

Pontzer, Herman

219

Entanglement Cost of Quantum Channels  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The entanglement cost of a quantum channel is the minimal rate at which entanglement (between sender and receiver) is needed in order to simulate many copies of a quantum channel in the presence of free classical communication. In this paper we show how to express this quantity as a regularized optimization of the entanglement formation over states that can be generated between sender and receiver. Our formula is the channel analog of a well-known formula for the entanglement cost of quantum states in terms of the entanglement of formation; and shares a similar relation to the recently shattered hope for additivity. The entanglement cost of a quantum channel can be seen as the analog of the quantum reverse Shannon theorem in the case where free classical communication is allowed. The techniques used in the proof of our result are then also inspired by a recent proof of the quantum reverse Shannon theorem and feature the one-shot formalism for quantum information theory, the post-selection technique for quantum channels as well as von Neumann's minimax theorem. We discuss two applications of our result. First, we are able to link the security in the noisy-storage model to a problem of sending quantum rather than classical information through the adversary's storage device. This not only improves the range of parameters where security can be shown, but also allows us to prove security for storage devices for which no results were known before. Second, our result has consequences for the study of the strong converse quantum capacity. Here, we show that any coding scheme that sends quantum information through a quantum channel at a rate larger than the entanglement cost of the channel has an exponentially small fidelity.

Mario Berta; Fernando Brandao; Matthias Christandl; Stephanie Wehner

2011-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

220

Did "Cash for Clunkers" Deliver? The Consumer Effects of the Car Allowance Rebate System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Did "Cash for Clunkers" Deliver? The Consumer Effects of the Car Allowance Rebate System Meghan R-zettelmeyer@kellogg.northwestern.edu #12;Did "Cash for Clunkers" Deliver? The Consumer Effects of the Car Allowance Rebate System Abstract investigate how much of the rebate benefited consumers as opposed to dealers, whether the rebate crowded out

Rothman, Daniel

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "minimize delivered cost" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Cree's High-Power White LED Delivers 121 lm/W  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Cree's commercial high-power white LEDs can now deliver 121 lm/W at 35A/cm2 current density. These particular Cree XLamp® XP-G LEDs deliver 267 lumens at a drive current of 700 mA and an operating...

222

ORIGINAL PAPER Case study of the real contents delivered in French  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ORIGINAL PAPER Case study of the real contents delivered in French motorcycle schools Samuel This study is concerned initial motorcycle training delivered in motorcycle schools in France. Novice motorcy of studying initial motorcycle training, both for research purposes and with regard to public policy

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

223

Louisiana Natural Gas Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of Others (Million Cubic Feet) Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of Others (Million Cubic Feet) Louisiana Natural Gas Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of Others (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 0 18 16 1990's 0 233 3,552 479 505 464 451 1,048 1,287 1,528 2000's 948 861 251 299 344 342 350 487 362 1,902 2010's 4,367 4,260 5,778 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 1/7/2014 Next Release Date: 1/31/2014 Referring Pages: Natural Gas Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of Others Louisiana Natural Gas Delivered for the Account of Others

224

Waste minimization in semiconductor processing  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The US semiconductor industry uses 5--7 thousand pounds of arsine annually. Fifty to eighty percent of the arsine used becomes a waste product, which requires abatement. Traditional methods of abatement are reviewed with an emphasis on dry chemical scrubbing. A variety of dry chemical scrubbing materials were evaluated for arsine capacity, using activated carbon as the baseline for comparison. Of the available technologies, dry chemical scrubbing is the most effective means of minimizing arsenic containing waste generated from semiconductor effluents. A copper oxide based media has been identified which has high capacity, high efficiency and treats the spectrum of gases used in MOCVD processes. Reclaim and recovery of spent scrubber media has the potential to drastically reduce arsenic waste from semiconductor manufacturing.

Hardwick, S.J.; Mailloux, J.C. [Novapure Corp., Danbury, CT (United States)

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

225

Even spin minimal model holography  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The even spin W^e_\\infty algebra that is generated by the stress energy tensor together with one Virasoro primary field for every even spin s \\geq 4 is analysed systematically by studying the constraints coming from the Jacobi identities. It is found that the algebra is characterised, in addition to the central charge, by one free parameter that can be identified with the self-coupling constant of the spin 4 field. We show that W^e_\\infty can be thought of as the quantisation of the asymptotic symmetry algebra of the even higher spin theory on AdS_3. On the other hand, W^e_\\infty is also quantum equivalent to the so(N) coset algebras, and thus our result establishes an important aspect of the even spin minimal model holography conjecture. The quantum equivalence holds actually at finite central charge, and hence opens the way towards understanding the duality beyond the leading 't Hooft limit.

Candu, Constantin; Kelm, Maximilian; Vollenweider, Carl

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Hydrogen Threshold Cost Calculation  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Program Record (Offices of Fuel Cell Technologies) Program Record (Offices of Fuel Cell Technologies) Record #: 11007 Date: March 25, 2011 Title: Hydrogen Threshold Cost Calculation Originator: Mark Ruth & Fred Joseck Approved by: Sunita Satyapal Date: March 24, 2011 Description: The hydrogen threshold cost is defined as the hydrogen cost in the range of $2.00-$4.00/gge (2007$) which represents the cost at which hydrogen fuel cell electric vehicles (FCEVs) are projected to become competitive on a cost per mile basis with the competing vehicles [gasoline in hybrid-electric vehicles (HEVs)] in 2020. This record documents the methodology and assumptions used to calculate that threshold cost. Principles: The cost threshold analysis is a "top-down" analysis of the cost at which hydrogen would be

227

Hydrogen Pathway Cost Distributions  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Pathway Cost Distributions Pathway Cost Distributions Jim Uihlein Fuel Pathways Integration Tech Team January 25, 2006 2 Outline * Pathway-Independent Cost Goal * Cost Distribution Objective * Overview * H2A Influence * Approach * Implementation * Results * Discussion Process * Summary 3 Hydrogen R&D Cost Goal * Goal is pathway independent * Developed through a well defined, transparent process * Consumer fueling costs are equivalent or less on a cents per mile basis * Evolved gasoline ICE and gasoline-electric hybrids are benchmarks * R&D guidance provided in two forms * Evolved gasoline ICE defines a threshold hydrogen cost used to screen or eliminate options which can't show ability to meet target * Gasoline-electric hybrid defines a lower hydrogen cost used to prioritize projects for resource allocation

228

Cost-Benefit Analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

cost-benefit analysis is an analytical procedure for determining the economic efficiency of intervention, expressed as the relationship between costs and outcomes, usually measured in monetary terms. In othe...

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Cost-Efficiency  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Cost?efficiency is a goal that has been integrated by policy makers into all modern health care systems to control the expansion of costs over time. It relates to maximizing the quality of a comparable unit ...

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

About Cost Center  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

from the university, fee-for-service contracts, as well as establishing CAMD as a cost center. We know that our users are reluctant to see CAMD become a cost center, however...

231

Costs of Electricity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A major reason for the decreased interest in the building of new nuclear power plants in recent years has been the relatively high cost of nuclear power. In this section, we will consider the role of costs in electricity

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Direct/Indirect Costs  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

This chapter provides recommended categories for direct and indirect elements developed by the Committee for Cost Methods Development (CCMD) and describes various estimating techniques for direct and indirect costs.

1997-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

233

Cost Optimal Energy Performance  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

EPBD recast requires Member States (MS) to ensure that minimum energy performance requirements of buildings are set with a view to achieving cost optimal levels using a comparative methodology framework...1]. Cost

Jarek Kurnitski

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

A majorization-minimization approach to design of power distribution networks  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We consider optimization approaches to design cost-effective electrical networks for power distribution. This involves a trade-off between minimizing the power loss due to resistive heating of the lines and minimizing the construction cost (modeled by a linear cost in the number of lines plus a linear cost on the conductance of each line). We begin with a convex optimization method based on the paper 'Minimizing Effective Resistance of a Graph' [Ghosh, Boyd & Saberi]. However, this does not address the Alternating Current (AC) realm and the combinatorial aspect of adding/removing lines of the network. Hence, we consider a non-convex continuation method that imposes a concave cost of the conductance of each line thereby favoring sparser solutions. By varying a parameter of this penalty we extrapolate from the convex problem (with non-sparse solutions) to the combinatorial problem (with sparse solutions). This is used as a heuristic to find good solutions (local minima) of the non-convex problem. To perform the necessary non-convex optimization steps, we use the majorization-minimization algorithm that performs a sequence of convex optimizations obtained by iteratively linearizing the concave part of the objective. A number of examples are presented which suggest that the overall method is a good heuristic for network design. We also consider how to obtain sparse networks that are still robust against failures of lines and/or generators.

Johnson, Jason K [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Chertkov, Michael [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Electrical energy storage systems: A comparative life cycle cost analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Large-scale deployment of intermittent renewable energy (namely wind energy and solar PV) may entail new challenges in power systems and more volatility in power prices in liberalized electricity markets. Energy storage can diminish this imbalance, relieving the grid congestion, and promoting distributed generation. The economic implications of grid-scale electrical energy storage technologies are however obscure for the experts, power grid operators, regulators, and power producers. A meticulous techno-economic or cost-benefit analysis of electricity storage systems requires consistent, updated cost data and a holistic cost analysis framework. To this end, this study critically examines the existing literature in the analysis of life cycle costs of utility-scale electricity storage systems, providing an updated database for the cost elements (capital costs, operational and maintenance costs, and replacement costs). Moreover, life cycle costs and levelized cost of electricity delivered by electrical energy storage is analyzed, employing Monte Carlo method to consider uncertainties. The examined energy storage technologies include pumped hydropower storage, compressed air energy storage (CAES), flywheel, electrochemical batteries (e.g. lead–acid, NaS, Li-ion, and Ni–Cd), flow batteries (e.g. vanadium-redox), superconducting magnetic energy storage, supercapacitors, and hydrogen energy storage (power to gas technologies). The results illustrate the economy of different storage systems for three main applications: bulk energy storage, T&D support services, and frequency regulation.

Behnam Zakeri; Sanna Syri

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Cost Containment and Productivity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cost Containment and Productivity Faculty Assembly Presentation January 22, 2013 Arthur G. Ramicone, CFO David N. DeJong, Vice Provost, Academic Planning and Resources Management #12;Cost Containment Resources to Enhance the Student Experience · Reduce the Cost and Complexity of Administrative Operations

Jiang, Huiqiang

237

Power Plant Cycling Costs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report provides a detailed review of the most up to date data available on power plant cycling costs. The primary objective of this report is to increase awareness of power plant cycling cost, the use of these costs in renewable integration studies and to stimulate debate between policymakers, system dispatchers, plant personnel and power utilities.

Kumar, N.; Besuner, P.; Lefton, S.; Agan, D.; Hilleman, D.

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Lunch & Learn Cost Sharing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Lunch & Learn Cost Sharing #12;Today's Agenda Policy Procedures OMNI Child Budget Setup Transactions in OMNI FACET Common Issues #12;Cost Sharing Policy http://www.research.fsu.edu/contractsgra nts ­ Not quantified ­ Do not have to account for and report #12;Cost Sharing Procedures http

McQuade, D. Tyler

239

Encirclement sleeves reduce pipeline repair costs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Welded sleeve, or replacement of line repair methods have been used successfully for many years in the pipeline industry but can lead to other difficulties for a pipeline operator. Clock Spring`s composite sleeves have been used in over ten thousand pipeline repairs with pipe sizes ranging from 6- to 56-inches in diameter, all without costly shutdown, welding or purging. Repairs can be completed while the pipeline is fully operational and require only six inches of clearance under the pipe for wrapping the eight thicknesses of the coil. This minimizes costly digging and backfilling over long runs of pipe and necessary shoring for personnel safety. Also it provides a more cost-effective alterative to conventional pipeline repair since special handling, lifting, or installation equipment is not needed. This paper reviews the installation and performance of these sleeves.

NONE

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Cost effective lighting  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Long-life replacement lamps for the incandescent lamp have been evaluated with regard to their cost effectiveness. The replacements include the use of energy buttons that extend lamp life as well as an adaptive fluorescent circline lamp that will fit into existing incandescent lamp sockets. The initial, operating, and replacement costs for one million lumen-hours are determined for each lamp system. We find the most important lighting cost component is the operating cost. Using lamps that are less efficient or devices that cause lamps to operate less efficiently are not cost-effective. The adaptive fluorescent circline lamp, even at an initial cost of $15.00, is the most cost effective source of illumination compared to the incandescent lamp and lamp systems examined. 3 refs., 6 tabs.

Morse, O.; Verderber, R.

1987-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "minimize delivered cost" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Cost Model for Digital Curation: Cost of Digital Migration  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Steece, B. 2000. Software cost estimation with COCOMO II.Developing a Framework of Cost Elements for PreservingAshley, K. 1999. Digital archive costs: Facts and fallacies.

Kejser, Ulla Bøgvad; Nielsen, Anders Bo; Thirifays, Alex

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Commercial equipment cost database  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report, prepared for DOE, Office of Codes and Standards, as part of the Commercial Equipment Standards Program at Pacific Northwest Laboratory, specifically addresses the equipment cost estimates used to evaluate the economic impacts of revised standards. A database including commercial equipment list prices and estimated contractor costs was developed, and through statistical modeling, estimated contractor costs are related to equipment parameters including performance. These models are then used to evaluate cost estimates developed by the ASHRAE 90.1 Standing Standards Project Committee, which is in the process of developing a revised ASHRAE 90.1 standard. The database will also be used to support further evaluation of the manufacturer and consumer impacts of standards. Cost estimates developed from the database will serve as inputs to economic modeling tools, which will be used to estimate these impacts. Preliminary results suggest that list pricing is a suitable measure from which to estimate contractor costs for commercial equipment. Models developed from these cost estimates accurately predict estimated costs. The models also confirm the expected relationships between equipment characteristics and cost. Cost models were developed for gas-fired and electric water heaters, gas-fired packaged boilers, and warm air furnaces for indoor installation. Because of industry concerns about the use of the data, information was not available for the other categories of EPAct-covered equipment. These concerns must be addressed to extend the analysis to all EPAct equipment categories.

Freeman, S.L.

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

Density matrix minimization with $\\ell_1$ regularization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We propose a convex variational principle to find sparse representation of low-lying eigenspace of symmetric matrices. In the context of electronic structure calculation, this corresponds to a sparse density matrix minimization algorithm with $\\ell_1$ regularization. The minimization problem can be efficiently solved by a split Bergman iteration type algorithm. We further prove that from any initial condition, the algorithm converges to a minimizer of the variational principle.

Rongjie Lai; Jianfeng Lu; Stanley Osher

2014-03-06T23:59:59.000Z

244

A Unified Approach for Minimizing Composite Norms  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

May 25, 2010 ... Abstract: We propose a first-order augmented Lagrangian algorithm (FALC) to solve the composite norm minimization problem min ...

Necdet Serhat Aybat

2010-05-25T23:59:59.000Z

245

Minimizing the sulphur content in Kraft lignin.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? The aim of this project is to investigate the possibilities of minimizing the sulphur content in Kraft lignin. Kraft lignin contains about 1.5 to… (more)

Svensson, Sara

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

Informational Webinar on Bat Impact Minimization Technologies...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

in order to address and minimize the regulatory and financial risks associated with wind power development in locations with sensitive bat species. More information about this...

247

Optimization Online - Hankel Matrix Rank Minimization with ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Aug 29, 2012 ... Abstract: We introduce a flexible optimization framework for nuclear norm minimization of matrices with linear structure, including Hankel, ...

Maryam Fazel

2012-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

248

Methods | Transparent Cost Database  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Methods Methods Disclaimer The data gathered here are for informational purposes only. Inclusion of a report in the database does not represent approval of the estimates by DOE or NREL. Levelized cost calculations DO NOT represent real world market conditions. The calculation uses a single discount rate in order to compare technology costs only. About the Cost Database For emerging energy technologies, a variety of cost and performance numbers are cited in presentations and reports for present-day characteristics and potential improvements. Amid a variety of sources and methods for these data, the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy's technology development programs determine estimates for use in program planning. The Transparent Cost Database collects program cost and performance

249

Get Daily Energy Analysis Delivered to Your Website | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Get Daily Energy Analysis Delivered to Your Website Get Daily Energy Analysis Delivered to Your Website Get Daily Energy Analysis Delivered to Your Website August 8, 2011 - 3:39pm Addthis Get Daily Energy Analysis Delivered to Your Website Matthew Loveless Matthew Loveless Data Integration Specialist, Office of Public Affairs How can I participate? Go to EIA's outreach page for Today in Energy widgets, badges and banners. Now everyone can feature the U.S. Energy Information Administration's (EIA) Today in Energy content on their website and favorite social networking sites. Today in Energy, the agency's education product published every weekday, highlights current energy issues, topics, and data trends in short articles written in plain language. EIA has banners and widgets in different colors and sizes to fit many different websites.

250

Secretary Chu to Deliver Keynote on EV Everywhere Grand Challenge at  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

to Deliver Keynote on EV Everywhere Grand Challenge to Deliver Keynote on EV Everywhere Grand Challenge at Washington Auto Show Secretary Chu to Deliver Keynote on EV Everywhere Grand Challenge at Washington Auto Show January 30, 2013 - 1:37pm Addthis NEWS MEDIA CONTACT (202) 586-4940 WASHINGTON - Tomorrow, Thursday, January 31, 2013, Secretary Chu will deliver the government keynote address at the Washington Auto Show's Public Policy Day. His remarks will focus on the Energy Department's EV Everywhere Grand Challenge, including progress to date and a new initiative to strengthen American leadership in this rapidly growing global industry. Launched by President Obama in March 2012, EV-Everywhere is the second in a series of Energy Department "Clean Energy Grand Challenges" aimed at addressing the most pressing energy challenges of our time. The EV

251

Delivering cutting edge OOP curriculum in a time of resource reduction (without sacrificing quality)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Consistently delivering cutting edge OOP curriculum and instruction in the computer science discipline in times of economic constraint is an on-going challenge. This paper outlines the modifications made by one institution to the curriculum and delivery ...

Sharon N. Vest; David D. Langan

2003-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Nanoparticle-Delivered Suicide Gene Therapy Effectively Reduces Ovarian Tumor Burden in Mice  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Molecular Targets, and Chemical Biology Nanoparticle-Delivered Suicide Gene Therapy Effectively...treatment with nanoparticles. DT-A nanoparticle therapy suppressed tumor growth more...indicating MSLN promoter function following nanoparticle delivery of DNA (Fig. 1E ). Xenograft...

Yu-Hung Huang; Gregory T. Zugates; Weidan Peng; David Holtz; Charles Dunton; Jordan J. Green; Naushad Hossain; Michael R. Chernick; Robert F. Padera, Jr.; Robert Langer; Daniel G. Anderson; Janet A. Sawicki

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

LMFBR fuel component costs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A significant portion of the cost of fabricating LMFBR fuels is in the non-fuel components such as fuel pin cladding, fuel assembly ducts and end fittings. The contribution of these to fuel fabrication costs, based on FFTF experience and extrapolated to large LMFBR fuel loadings, is discussed. The extrapolation considers the expected effects of LMFBR development programs in progress on non-fuel component costs.

Epperson, E.M.; Borisch, R.R.; Rice, L.H.

1981-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

254

Cost analysis guidelines  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The first phase of the Depleted Uranium Hexafluoride Management Program (Program)--management strategy selection--consists of several program elements: Technology Assessment, Engineering Analysis, Cost Analysis, and preparation of an Environmental Impact Statement (EIS). Cost Analysis will estimate the life-cycle costs associated with each of the long-term management strategy alternatives for depleted uranium hexafluoride (UF6). The scope of Cost Analysis will include all major expenditures, from the planning and design stages through decontamination and decommissioning. The costs will be estimated at a scoping or preconceptual design level and are intended to assist decision makers in comparing alternatives for further consideration. They will not be absolute costs or bid-document costs. The purpose of the Cost Analysis Guidelines is to establish a consistent approach to analyzing of cost alternatives for managing Department of Energy`s (DOE`s) stocks of depleted uranium hexafluoride (DUF6). The component modules that make up the DUF6 management program differ substantially in operational maintenance, process-options, requirements for R and D, equipment, facilities, regulatory compliance, (O and M), and operations risk. To facilitate a consistent and equitable comparison of costs, the guidelines offer common definitions, assumptions or basis, and limitations integrated with a standard approach to the analysis. Further, the goal is to evaluate total net life-cycle costs and display them in a way that gives DOE the capability to evaluate a variety of overall DUF6 management strategies, including commercial potential. The cost estimates reflect the preconceptual level of the designs. They will be appropriate for distinguishing among management strategies.

Strait, R.S.

1996-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

255

Mixed low-level waste minimization at Los Alamos  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

During the first six months of University of California 98 Fiscal Year (July--December) Los Alamos National Laboratory has achieved a 57% reduction in mixed low-level waste generation. This has been accomplished through a systems approach that identified and minimized the largest MLLW streams. These included surface-contaminated lead, lead-lined gloveboxes, printed circuit boards, and activated fluorescent lamps. Specific waste minimization projects have been initiated to address these streams. In addition, several chemical processing equipment upgrades are being implemented. Use of contaminated lead is planned for several high energy proton beam stop applications and stainless steel encapsulated lead is being evaluated for other radiological control area applications. INEEL is assisting Los Alamos with a complete systems analysis of analytical chemistry derived mixed wastes at the CMR building and with a minimum life-cycle cost standard glovebox design. Funding for waste minimization upgrades has come from several sources: generator programs, waste management, the generator set-aside program, and Defense Programs funding to INEEL.

Starke, T.P.

1998-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Modelling start-up costs of multiple technologies in electricity markets  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper deals with the dispatch problem in providing electric power with minimal costs using different technologies. Initially, we describe this problem in terms of a linear program. This enables us to take...

Ludwig Kuntz; Felix Müsgens

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Economics, Competition, and Costs in the Resructuring of U.S. Electricity Markets  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Many of the problems facing U.S. electricity markets stem from blatant disregard for the ... inefficient retail prices; anemic incentives to minimize costs; and lack of consumer choice and experience, occasionall...

John C. Hilke

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Quantifying the system balancing cost when wind energy is incorporated into electricity generation system   

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Incorporation of wind energy into the electricity generation system requires a detailed analysis of wind speed in order to minimize system balancing cost and avoid a significant mismatch between supply and demand. Power ...

Issaeva, Natalia

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Petroleum well costs.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This is the first academic study of well costs and drilling times for Australia??s petroleum producing basins, both onshore and offshore. I analyse a substantial… (more)

Leamon, Gregory Robert

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Early Station Costs Questionnaire  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

of refueling infrastructure costs National Renewable Energy Laboratory Innovation for Our Energy Future Questions for Market Readiness Workshop Attendees * Are these questions the...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "minimize delivered cost" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

''When Cost Measures Contradict''  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

When regulators put forward new economic or regulatory policies, there is a need to compare the costs and benefits of these new policies to existing policies and other alternatives to determine which policy is most cost-effective. For command and control policies, it is quite difficult to compute costs, but for more market-based policies, economists have had a great deal of success employing general equilibrium models to assess a policy's costs. Not all cost measures, however, arrive at the same ranking. Furthermore, cost measures can produce contradictory results for a specific policy. These problems make it difficult for a policy-maker to determine the best policy. For a cost measures to be of value, one would like to be confident of two things. First one wants to be sure whether the policy is a winner or loser. Second, one wants to be confident that a measure produces the correct policy ranking. That is, one wants to have confidence in a policy measure's ability to correctly rank policies from most beneficial to most harmful. This paper analyzes empirically these two properties of different costs measures as they pertain to assessing the costs of the carbon abatement policies, especially the Kyoto Protocol, under alternative assumptions about implementation.

Montgomery, W. D.; Smith, A. E.; Biggar, S. L.; Bernstein, P. M.

2003-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

262

Low Cost, Durable Seal  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This presentation, which focuses on low cost, durable seals, was given by George Roberts of UTC Power at a February 2007 meeting on new fuel cell projects.

263

GNEP Element:Minimize Nuclear Waste | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Minimize Nuclear Waste GNEP Element:Minimize Nuclear Waste An article describing the ways in which the GNEP plans to minimize nuclear waste. GNEP Element:Minimize Nuclear Waste...

264

Structural Risk Minimization Kernels Support Vector Machines Support Vector Machines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dimensional Spaces Many acceptable solutions bad generalization Structural Risk Minimization Kernels SupportStructural Risk Minimization Kernels Support Vector Machines Support Vector Machines Kernel Methods Structural Risk Minimization Kernels Support Vector Machines 1 Structural Risk Minimization High Dimensional

Kjellström, Hedvig

265

Cost Estimating and Cost Management Capacity Building Workshop  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cost Estimating and Cost Management Capacity Building Workshop August 11-13, 2010 Coffman Memorial 574 guidebook on cost estimating and cost management · To learn how states are moving forward with the implementation of the guidebook or other initiatives related to cost estimating and cost management · To share

Minnesota, University of

266

Sulfur minimization in bacterial leaching  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The production of sewage biosolids in Ontario in 1989 was estimated to be 7 million m{sup 3} of wet sludge per year. Of this amount, land application accounts for between 20 and 30% of the total. Unfortunately, the use of sewage biosolids on agricultural land is often prohibited because of heavy metal contamination of the biosolids. High cost and operational problems have made chemical methods of metal extraction unattractive. Consequently, microbiological methods of leaching of heavy metals have been studied for over a decade. A relatively simple microbiological process has been investigated in recent years in flask level experiments and recently in a semicontinuous system. The process exploits nonacidophilic and acidophilic indigenous thiobacilli to extract heavy metals from sewage biosolids. These thiobacilli use elemental sulfur as the energy source, producing sulfuric acid. However, the resulting decontaminated biosolids can cause environmental problems like acidification of the soil, when acid is generated from the residual sulfur in the biosolids. The present study examines the possibility of reducing the amount of sulfur added in batch and semicontinuous bacterial leaching systems, and maximizing sulfur oxidation efficiency, thereby reducing the residual sulfur in leached biosolids.

Seth, R.; Prasad, D.; Henry, J.G. [Univ. of Toronto, Ontario (Canada). Dept. of Civil Engineering

1996-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Simple Modular LED Cost Model  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The LED Cost Model, developed by the DOE Cost Modeling Working Group, provides a simplified method for analyzing the manufacturing costs of an LED package. The model focuses on the major cost...

268

Sustainability for the Global Biofuels Industry Minimizing Risks...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Industry Minimizing Risks and Maximizing Opportunities Sustainability for the Global Biofuels Industry Minimizing Risks and Maximizing Opportunities Conservation International...

269

Composite Self-concordant Minimization Volkan Cevher  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Composite Self-concordant Minimization Volkan Cevher Laboratory for Information and InferenceTran Dinh Anastasios Kyrillidis Yen-Huan Li Paris 6 Dec 11, 2013 #12;Composite minimization Motivation-the-grid array processing g convex and possibly nonsmooth (P) ·a ·a f convex and smooth #12;Composite

Combettes, Patrick Louis

270

Emissions Minimization Vehicle Routing Problem Miguel Figliozzi  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. The level of GHG emissions is a proxy for fuel consumption in diesel engines and in the near future, the minimization of emissions and fuel consumption as the primary or secondary objective. This creates a new type, study, and solve a new vehicle routing problem where the minimization of emissions and fuel consumption

271

Aluminum: Principled Scenario Exploration through Minimality  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Aluminum: Principled Scenario Exploration through Minimality Tim Nelson1, Salman Saghafi1, Daniel J. We present Aluminum, a modification of Alloy that presents only minimal scenarios: those that contain no more than is necessary. Aluminum lets users explore the scenario space by adding to scenarios

Dougherty, Daniel J.

272

Aluminum: Principled Scenario Exploration through Minimality  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Aluminum: Principled Scenario Exploration through Minimality Tim Nelson1, Salman Saghafi1, Daniel J Aluminum, a modification of Alloy that presents only minimal scenarios: those that contain no more than is necessary. Aluminum lets users explore the scenario space by adding to scenarios and backtracking. It also

Krishnamurthi, Shriram

273

Costing climate change  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Costenergy analyses of such schemes...and tidal power at costs...consider in economic analyses of GHG abatement...pertaining to wind power in Denmark...In a cost analysis of implementing...Cutting coal combustion...large an economic burden...

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Guide to Minimizing Compress-based Cooling  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Guide describes best practices for reducing energy use and total-cost-of-ownership for data center cooling systems.

276

An Examination of Avoided Costs in Utah  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

existing avoided cost methodology and established thefor certain avoided cost methodologies or avoided cost inpu

Bolinger, Mark; Wiser, Ryan

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

Transmission line capital costs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The displacement or deferral of conventional AC transmission line installation is a key benefit associated with several technologies being developed with the support of the U.S. Department of Energy`s Office of Energy Management (OEM). Previous benefits assessments conducted within OEM have been based on significantly different assumptions for the average cost per mile of AC transmission line. In response to this uncertainty, an investigation of transmission line capital cost data was initiated. The objective of this study was to develop a database for preparing preliminary estimates of transmission line costs. An extensive search of potential data sources identified databases maintained by the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) and the Western Area Power Administration (WAPA) as superior sources of transmission line cost data. The BPA and WAPA data were adjusted to a common basis and combined together. The composite database covers voltage levels from 13.8 to 765 W, with cost estimates for a given voltage level varying depending on conductor size, tower material type, tower frame type, and number of circuits. Reported transmission line costs vary significantly, even for a given voltage level. This can usually be explained by variation in the design factors noted above and variation in environmental and land (right-of-way) costs, which are extremely site-specific. Cost estimates prepared from the composite database were compared to cost data collected by the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) for investor-owned utilities from across the United States. The comparison was hampered because the only design specifications included with the FERC data were voltage level and line length. Working within this limitation, the FERC data were not found to differ significantly from the composite database. Therefore, the composite database was judged to be a reasonable proxy for estimating national average costs.

Hughes, K.R.; Brown, D.R.

1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Decommissioning Unit Cost Data  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Rocky Flats Closure Site (Site) is in the process of stabilizing residual nuclear materials, decommissioning nuclear facilities, and remediating environmental media. A number of contaminated facilities have been decommissioned, including one building, Building 779, that contained gloveboxes used for plutonium process development but did little actual plutonium processing. The actual costs incurred to decommission this facility formed much of the basis or standards used to estimate the decommissioning of the remaining plutonium-processing buildings. Recent decommissioning activities in the first actual production facility, Building 771, implemented a number of process and procedural improvements. These include methods for handling plutonium contaminated equipment, including size reduction, decontamination, and waste packaging, as well as management improvements to streamline planning and work control. These improvements resulted in a safer working environment and reduced project cost, as demonstrated in the overall project efficiency. The topic of this paper is the analysis of how this improved efficiency is reflected in recent unit costs for activities specific to the decommissioning of plutonium facilities. This analysis will allow the Site to quantify the impacts on future Rocky Flats decommissioning activities, and to develop data for planning and cost estimating the decommissioning of future facilities. The paper discusses the methods used to collect and arrange the project data from the individual work areas within Building 771. Regression and data correlation techniques were used to quantify values for different types of decommissioning activities. The discussion includes the approach to identify and allocate overall project support, waste management, and Site support costs based on the overall Site and project costs to provide a ''burdened'' unit cost. The paper ultimately provides a unit cost basis that can be used to support cost estimates for decommissioning at other facilities with similar equipment and labor costs. It also provides techniques for extracting information from limited data using extrapolation and interpolation techniques.

Sanford, P. C.; Stevens, J. L.; Brandt, R.

2002-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

279

(Coordinated research on fuel cycle cost)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Department of Energy (DOE) and the Commission of the European Communities (CEC) have been exploring the possibility of parallel studies on the externals costs of employing fuel cycles to deliver energy services. These studies are of particular importance following the activities of the US National Energy Strategy (NES), where the potential discrepancies between market prices and the social costs of energy services were raised as significant policy concerns. To respond to these concerns, Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) and Resources for the Future (RFF) have begun a collaborative effort for the DOE to investigate the external costs, or externalities, generated by cradle to grave fuel cycle activities. Upon initiating this project, the CEC expressed an interest to the DOE that Europe should conduct a parallel study and that the two studies should be highly coordinated for consistency in the results. This series of meetings with members of the CEC was undertaken to resolve some issues implied by pursuing parallel, coordinated studies; issues that were previously defined by the August meetings. In addition, it was an opportunity for some members of the US research team and the DOE sponsor to meet with their European counterparts for the study, as well as persons in charge of research areas that ultimately would play a key role in the European study.

Cantor, R.A.; Shelton, R.B.; Krupnick, A.J.

1990-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

280

Lookin g for data personnel costs, indirect costs, equipment costs  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Negotiating Group Question/Answer Sessions November 19, 2009 Q: What happens now? A: The negotiation process starts tomorrow [November 20, 2009], when DOE will be sending the Awardees an e-mail with information about which website to go to for clarification and direction, information from the Office of Civil Rights, and answers to some of the questions that came up in the meeting. DOE will be gathering information about the questions concerning cyber requirements, metrics, and reporting requirements and will be getting back to the awardees about those issues the week after Thanksgiving. We have done a review of the budgets, and emails will be sent giving opportunities to address any issues. We will also re-review technical and cost proposals.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "minimize delivered cost" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

North Dakota Natural Gas Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of Others (Million Cubic Feet) Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of Others (Million Cubic Feet) North Dakota Natural Gas Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of Others (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 103 716 2,082 1990's 2,585 3,223 3,035 2,908 2,199 2,224 1,454 1,207 1,631 1,178 2000's 1,157 1,031 977 617 773 704 653 693 732 776 2010's 764 795 837 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 1/7/2014 Next Release Date: 1/31/2014 Referring Pages: Natural Gas Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of Others North Dakota Natural Gas Delivered for the Account of Others

282

Kentucky Natural Gas Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of Others (Million Cubic Feet) Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of Others (Million Cubic Feet) Kentucky Natural Gas Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of Others (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 1,053 1,501 1,828 1990's 1,575 2,035 2,451 2,809 3,171 4,169 3,773 3,860 4,076 4,315 2000's 5,584 6,424 7,590 7,942 7,864 7,488 6,092 6,304 6,673 7,047 2010's 7,163 7,188 6,941 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 1/7/2014 Next Release Date: 1/31/2014 Referring Pages: Natural Gas Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of Others Kentucky Natural Gas Delivered for the Account of Others

283

Wyoming Natural Gas Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of Others (Million Cubic Feet) Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of Others (Million Cubic Feet) Wyoming Natural Gas Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of Others (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 0 0 7 1990's 21 89 160 207 358 632 1,370 1,705 987 1,070 2000's 974 1,291 5,338 4,824 4,816 4,657 4,963 4,788 3,501 3,581 2010's 3,857 4,210 3,920 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 1/7/2014 Next Release Date: 1/31/2014 Referring Pages: Natural Gas Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of Others Wyoming Natural Gas Delivered for the Account of Others

284

New Hampshire Natural Gas Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of Others (Million Cubic Feet) Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of Others (Million Cubic Feet) New Hampshire Natural Gas Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of Others (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 0 0 0 1990's 0 0 0 0 0 52 218 567 399 490 2000's 1,130 984 1,700 2,015 2,247 2,392 2,092 2,692 4,126 4,584 2010's 3,588 3,949 3,917 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 1/7/2014 Next Release Date: 1/31/2014 Referring Pages: Natural Gas Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of Others New Hampshire Natural Gas Delivered for the Account of Others

285

Idaho Natural Gas Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of Others (Million Cubic Feet) Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of Others (Million Cubic Feet) Idaho Natural Gas Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of Others (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 284 1,161 1,121 1990's 1,035 1,192 1,278 1,405 1,427 1,450 1,543 1,593 1,594 1,773 2000's 1,838 1,866 1,912 1,775 1,858 1,911 1,927 2,169 2,285 2,560 2010's 2,713 3,236 3,644 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 1/7/2014 Next Release Date: 1/31/2014 Referring Pages: Natural Gas Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of Others Idaho Natural Gas Delivered for the Account of Others

286

Rhode Island Natural Gas Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of Others (Million Cubic Feet) Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of Others (Million Cubic Feet) Rhode Island Natural Gas Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of Others (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 1,742 1,080 1,411 1990's 330 0 0 0 0 0 1,010 2,405 4,679 5,524 2000's 6,070 5,380 3,912 3,176 3,015 2,834 2,673 3,764 3,663 3,430 2010's 4,062 4,669 4,503 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 1/7/2014 Next Release Date: 1/31/2014 Referring Pages: Natural Gas Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of Others Rhode Island Natural Gas Delivered for the Account of Others

287

Nebraska Natural Gas Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of Others (Million Cubic Feet) Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of Others (Million Cubic Feet) Nebraska Natural Gas Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of Others (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 786 894 571 1990's 2,231 3,294 4,063 3,142 7,726 9,181 12,247 8,738 7,941 9,227 2000's 11,235 10,083 10,230 9,820 10,892 9,728 9,795 10,851 14,792 12,292 2010's 12,664 12,649 11,723 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 1/7/2014 Next Release Date: 1/31/2014 Referring Pages: Natural Gas Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of Others Nebraska Natural Gas Delivered for the Account of Others

288

Arizona Natural Gas Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of Others (Million Cubic Feet) Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of Others (Million Cubic Feet) Arizona Natural Gas Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of Others (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 1,094 1,311 1,796 1990's 1,219 1,876 2,021 2,336 2,709 3,282 4,309 4,662 4,777 5,485 2000's 5,254 2,297 2,295 3,003 2,153 2,140 2,261 2,172 2,258 3,866 2010's 3,605 3,988 4,213 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 1/7/2014 Next Release Date: 1/31/2014 Referring Pages: Natural Gas Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of Others Arizona Natural Gas Delivered for the Account of Others

289

Colorado Natural Gas Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of Others (Million Cubic Feet) Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of Others (Million Cubic Feet) Colorado Natural Gas Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of Others (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 898 1,574 1,789 1990's 1,800 2,763 2,993 3,241 3,403 3,863 4,702 4,998 3,573 1,508 2000's 1,584 2,889 3,139 2,918 3,299 3,010 2,772 2,721 3,132 3,240 2010's 3,118 3,457 4,061 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 1/7/2014 Next Release Date: 1/31/2014 Referring Pages: Natural Gas Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of Others Colorado Natural Gas Delivered for the Account of Others

290

Tennessee Natural Gas Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of Others (Million Cubic Feet) Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of Others (Million Cubic Feet) Tennessee Natural Gas Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of Others (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 949 1,191 864 1990's 1,092 1,961 1,680 2,129 2,992 3,163 3,316 4,312 6,635 5,885 2000's 3,987 3,403 4,893 5,347 4,232 4,237 4,139 4,115 4,496 5,076 2010's 5,144 5,247 5,029 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 1/7/2014 Next Release Date: 1/31/2014 Referring Pages: Natural Gas Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of Others Tennessee Natural Gas Delivered for the Account of Others

291

New Mexico Natural Gas Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of Others (Million Cubic Feet) Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of Others (Million Cubic Feet) New Mexico Natural Gas Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of Others (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 0 2,280 3,386 1990's 4,008 5,570 8,361 10,459 9,395 9,520 9,351 7,959 8,981 10,033 2000's 10,212 8,878 6,993 7,055 7,903 7,501 8,195 8,901 9,425 10,328 2010's 9,875 10,062 10,698 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 1/7/2014 Next Release Date: 1/31/2014 Referring Pages: Natural Gas Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of Others New Mexico Natural Gas Delivered for the Account of Others

292

Nevada Natural Gas Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of Others (Million Cubic Feet) Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of Others (Million Cubic Feet) Nevada Natural Gas Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of Others (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 287 725 575 1990's 346 1,563 1,889 1,283 3,276 4,416 5,272 6,305 6,941 8,888 2000's 11,621 5,988 4,885 7,914 8,630 8,479 8,910 9,311 9,540 10,305 2010's 10,197 10,971 11,195 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 1/7/2014 Next Release Date: 1/31/2014 Referring Pages: Natural Gas Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of Others Nevada Natural Gas Delivered for the Account of Others

293

South Dakota Natural Gas Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of Others (Million Cubic Feet) Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of Others (Million Cubic Feet) South Dakota Natural Gas Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of Others (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 298 321 695 1990's 1,161 1,723 1,603 1,724 1,124 1,406 2,008 1,742 1,466 1,802 2000's 1,711 1,535 1,739 1,832 1,758 1,617 1,703 1,943 1,931 2,059 2010's 2,100 2,030 1,721 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 12/12/2013 Next Release Date: 1/7/2014 Referring Pages: Natural Gas Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of Others South Dakota Natural Gas Delivered for the Account of Others

294

Minnesota Natural Gas Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of Others (Million Cubic Feet) Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of Others (Million Cubic Feet) Minnesota Natural Gas Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of Others (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 1,845 2,524 3,527 1990's 3,220 4,094 3,134 2,623 3,336 5,696 3,768 1,077 1,954 2,454 2000's 2,529 1,634 9,684 7,353 5,627 6,165 5,472 4,691 4,251 6,069 2010's 6,224 9,668 7,453 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 1/7/2014 Next Release Date: 1/31/2014 Referring Pages: Natural Gas Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of Others Minnesota Natural Gas Delivered for the Account of Others

295

Alabama Natural Gas Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of Others (Million Cubic Feet) Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of Others (Million Cubic Feet) Alabama Natural Gas Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of Others (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 173 2,278 4,498 1990's 4,967 4,112 4,868 4,950 5,043 5,213 5,470 11,432 5,009 8,141 2000's 4,753 4,608 4,882 4,604 4,744 4,891 4,832 4,722 4,999 5,160 2010's 5,494 5,313 5,126 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 1/7/2014 Next Release Date: 1/31/2014 Referring Pages: Natural Gas Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of Others Alabama Natural Gas Delivered for the Account of Others

296

Florida Natural Gas Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of Others (Million Cubic Feet) Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of Others (Million Cubic Feet) Florida Natural Gas Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of Others (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 0 0 0 1990's 881 1,005 964 911 861 988 1,204 932 1,281 1,998 2000's 15,603 21,386 32,213 31,333 33,106 34,682 28,398 28,805 29,046 29,414 2010's 32,313 32,940 34,441 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 1/7/2014 Next Release Date: 1/31/2014 Referring Pages: Natural Gas Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of Others Florida Natural Gas Delivered for the Account of Others

297

Iowa Natural Gas Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of Others (Million Cubic Feet) Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of Others (Million Cubic Feet) Iowa Natural Gas Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of Others (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 58 774 980 1990's 1,068 1,097 1,974 2,648 4,597 5,394 6,728 5,934 6,129 7,460 2000's 8,629 8,268 8,642 10,596 9,984 9,815 9,840 10,358 13,603 15,574 2010's 14,508 14,475 12,147 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 1/7/2014 Next Release Date: 1/31/2014 Referring Pages: Natural Gas Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of Others Iowa Natural Gas Delivered for the Account of Others

298

Arkansas Natural Gas Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of Others (Million Cubic Feet) Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of Others (Million Cubic Feet) Arkansas Natural Gas Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of Others (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 0 1,723 1,870 1990's 1,939 2,198 2,343 2,393 1,351 1,104 1,550 1,699 2,576 2,983 2000's 3,354 4,164 6,336 5,751 5,874 8,173 8,843 9,534 13,112 14,776 2010's 17,862 19,402 24,772 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 1/7/2014 Next Release Date: 1/31/2014 Referring Pages: Natural Gas Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of Others Arkansas Natural Gas Delivered for the Account of Others

299

Effect of Minimal lengths on Electron Magnetism  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the magnetic properties of electron in a constant magnetic field and confined by a isotropic two dimensional harmonic oscillator on a space where the coordinates and momenta operators obey generalized commutation relations leading to the appearance of a minimal length. Using the momentum space representation we determine exactly the energy eigenvalues and eigenfunctions. We prove that the usual degeneracy of Landau levels is removed by the presence of the minimal length in the limits of weak and strong magnetic field.The thermodynamical properties of the system, at high temperature, are also investigated showing a new magnetic behavior in terms of the minimal length.

Khireddine Nouicer

2007-07-13T23:59:59.000Z

300

DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program Record 12001: H2 Production and Delivery Cost Apportionment  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

01 Date: May 14, 2012 01 Date: May 14, 2012 Title: H 2 Production and Delivery Cost Apportionment Originator: Scott Weil, Sara Dillich, Fred Joseck, and Mark Ruth Approved by: Sunita Satyapal and Rick Farmer Date: December 14, 2012 Item: The hydrogen threshold cost is defined as the untaxed cost of hydrogen (H 2 ) (produced, delivered, and dispensed) at which hydrogen fuel cell electric vehicles (FCEVs) are projected to become competitive on a $/mile basis with competing vehicles [gasoline in hybrid-electric vehicles (HEVs)] in 2020. As established in Record 11007 [1], this cost ranges from $2.00-$4.00/gge a of H 2 (based on $2007). The threshold cost can be apportioned into its constituent H 2 production and delivery costs, which can then serve as the respective cost targets for multi-year planning of the Fuel Cell Technologies (FCT)

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "minimize delivered cost" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

cost | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

cost cost Dataset Summary Description The following data-set is for a benchmark residential home for all TMY3 locations across all utilities in the US. The data is indexed by utility service provider which is described by its "unique" EIA ID ( Source National Renewable Energy Laboratory Date Released April 05th, 2012 (2 years ago) Date Updated April 06th, 2012 (2 years ago) Keywords AC apartment CFL coffeemaker Computer cooling cost demand Dishwasher Dryer Furnace gas HVAC Incandescent Laptop load Microwave model NREL Residential television tmy3 URDB Data text/csv icon Residential Cost Data for Common Household Items (csv, 14.5 MiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Annually Time Period License License Open Data Commons Public Domain Dedication and Licence (PDDL)

302

Estimating Renewable Energy Costs  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Some renewable energy measures, such as daylighting, passive solar heating, and cooling load avoidance, do not add much to the cost of a building. However, renewable energy technologies typically...

303

Cost Effective Sustainable Housing.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Cost Effective Sustainable Housing The topic of research which was discussed throughout this study was an analysis of sustainable development between single-family and multi-family structures.… (more)

Morton, Joshua

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Cost Estimating Guide  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

This Guide provides uniform guidance and best practices that describe the methods and procedures that could be used in all programs and projects at DOE for preparing cost estimates. No cancellations.

2011-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

305

Vehicle Cost Calculator  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Annual GHG Emissions (lbs of CO2) Vehicle Cost Calculator See Assumptions and Methodology Back Next U.S. Department of Energy Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Get Widget Code...

306

Costing climate change  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...even whether man-made greenhouse-gas emissions should...and monetary savings from lighting policy calculated using `Work Energy Smart Lighting Calculator', assuming...reducing energy costs and greenhouse gases. Australian Greenhouse...

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Estimating environmental costs  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Added demands on natural resources and proposed environmental regulations could potentially have a significant impact on the production and operational costs of information technology (IT). In this paper, we utilize an Economic Input-Output Life-Cycle ...

Kiara Corrigan; Amip Shah; Chandrakant Patel

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Discover and Deliver: The Big Picture on Energy | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Discover and Deliver: The Big Picture on Energy Discover and Deliver: The Big Picture on Energy Discover and Deliver: The Big Picture on Energy January 20, 2011 - 1:49pm Addthis Secretary Chu Secretary Chu Former Secretary of Energy What does this mean for me? We are changing the way the Department of Energy works -- creating new jobs, investing in the clean energy economy, and helping consumers save money while saving energy. Our work has strengthened nuclear safety and security in the U.S. and internationally. Sometimes when one gets so focused on the daily tasks at hand, it's easy to lose sight of the big picture around us. But when you take a step back, it is an impressive canvass. Thanks to the hard work of everyone at the Department of Energy over the past year, we've made remarkable progress in laying the foundation for a new energy future, advancing groundbreaking

309

Report on the Effect the Low Enriched Uranium Delivered Under the Highly  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Report on the Effect the Low Enriched Uranium Delivered Under the Report on the Effect the Low Enriched Uranium Delivered Under the Highly Enriched Uranium Agreement Between the USA and the Russian Federation has on the Domestic Uranium Mining, Conversion, and Enrichment Industries and the Ops of the Gaseous Diffusion Report on the Effect the Low Enriched Uranium Delivered Under the Highly Enriched Uranium Agreement Between the USA and the Russian Federation has on the Domestic Uranium Mining, Conversion, and Enrichment Industries and the Ops of the Gaseous Diffusion The successful implementation of the HEU Agreement remains a high priority of the U.S. Government. The agreement also serves U.S. and Russian commercial interests. HEU Agreement deliveries are an important source of supply in meeting requirements for U.S. utility uranium, conversion, and

310

AEO2011: Natural Gas Delivered Prices by End-Use Sector and Census Division  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Delivered Prices by End-Use Sector and Census Division Delivered Prices by End-Use Sector and Census Division Dataset Summary Description This dataset comes from the Energy Information Administration (EIA), and is part of the 2011 Annual Energy Outlook Report (AEO2011). This dataset is table 137, and contains only the reference case. This dataset is in trillion cubic feet. The data is broken down into residential, commercial, industrial, electric power and transportation. Source EIA Date Released April 26th, 2011 (3 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords 2011 AEO EIA Natural Gas Data application/vnd.ms-excel icon AEO2011: Natural Gas Delivered Prices by End-Use Sector and Census Division- Reference Case (xls, 140.7 KiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Peer Reviewed Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Annually

311

Assistant Secretary Patricia Hoffman to Deliver Keynote Address at IEEE PES  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Assistant Secretary Patricia Hoffman to Deliver Keynote Address at Assistant Secretary Patricia Hoffman to Deliver Keynote Address at IEEE PES Conference on Innovative Smart Grid Technologies Assistant Secretary Patricia Hoffman to Deliver Keynote Address at IEEE PES Conference on Innovative Smart Grid Technologies January 25, 2013 - 3:10pm Addthis Assistant Secretary Patricia Hoffman will give the keynote address at the 4th annual IEEE PES Conference on Innovative Smart Grid Technologies (ISGT 2013) on Monday, February 25. The conference, which will be held from February 24 through February 27 in Washington, DC, is a forum to discuss state-of-the-art innovations in smart grid technologies. The event will feature tutorials, panel sessions and paper presentations by international experts. Other keynote speakers will include Mark Wyatt, Vice President

312

Seven Cities and a Utility Company Team Up to Deliver Residential Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Seven Cities and a Utility Company Team Up to Deliver Residential Seven Cities and a Utility Company Team Up to Deliver Residential Energy Savings Seven Cities and a Utility Company Team Up to Deliver Residential Energy Savings August 1, 2011 - 5:26pm Addthis Check out this residential energy report, one of many that's helping residents all over King County, Washington save energy and money at home. Check out this residential energy report, one of many that's helping residents all over King County, Washington save energy and money at home. Joel Blaine In 2010, seven cities in King County, Washington -- known as the C-7 New Energy Partnership -- joined forces with local utility Puget Sound Energy (PSE) and energy management software company OPOWER to help nearly 100,000 residents reduce their home energy consumption. The program, which was made

313

Secretary Chu to Deliver Speech at National Press Club | Department of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Deliver Speech at National Press Club Deliver Speech at National Press Club Secretary Chu to Deliver Speech at National Press Club November 29, 2010 - 12:00am Addthis Washington, DC - On Monday, November 29, 2010, US Energy Secretary Steven Chu will address the National Press Club. Secretary Chu will outline efforts by the Department of Energy to advance America's prosperity though investments in clean energy innovation. He will discuss the implications of China and other countries moving aggressively to claim a leadership role in the global race for clean energy jobs, and the crucial role America's innovation machine must play in ensuring our economic competitiveness. Press Club luncheon starts promptly at 12:30 PM and Secretary Chu's speech, followed by a question and answer session will begin at 1 PM. The speech

314

Discover and Deliver: The Big Picture on Energy | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Discover and Deliver: The Big Picture on Energy Discover and Deliver: The Big Picture on Energy Discover and Deliver: The Big Picture on Energy January 20, 2011 - 1:49pm Addthis Secretary Chu Secretary Chu Former Secretary of Energy What does this mean for me? We are changing the way the Department of Energy works -- creating new jobs, investing in the clean energy economy, and helping consumers save money while saving energy. Our work has strengthened nuclear safety and security in the U.S. and internationally. Sometimes when one gets so focused on the daily tasks at hand, it's easy to lose sight of the big picture around us. But when you take a step back, it is an impressive canvass. Thanks to the hard work of everyone at the Department of Energy over the past year, we've made remarkable progress in laying the foundation for a new energy future, advancing groundbreaking

315

Assistant Secretary Patricia Hoffman to Deliver Keynote Address at IEEE PES  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Patricia Hoffman to Deliver Keynote Address at Patricia Hoffman to Deliver Keynote Address at IEEE PES Conference on Innovative Smart Grid Technologies Assistant Secretary Patricia Hoffman to Deliver Keynote Address at IEEE PES Conference on Innovative Smart Grid Technologies January 25, 2013 - 3:10pm Addthis Assistant Secretary Patricia Hoffman will give the keynote address at the 4th annual IEEE PES Conference on Innovative Smart Grid Technologies (ISGT 2013) on Monday, February 25. The conference, which will be held from February 24 through February 27 in Washington, DC, is a forum to discuss state-of-the-art innovations in smart grid technologies. The event will feature tutorials, panel sessions and paper presentations by international experts. Other keynote speakers will include Mark Wyatt, Vice President

316

Report on the Effect the Low Enriched Uranium Delivered Under the Highly  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

on the Effect the Low Enriched Uranium Delivered Under the on the Effect the Low Enriched Uranium Delivered Under the Highly Enriched Uranium Agreement Between the USA and the Russian Federation has on the Domestic Uranium Mining, Conversion, and Enrichment Industries and the Ops of the Gaseous Diffusion Report on the Effect the Low Enriched Uranium Delivered Under the Highly Enriched Uranium Agreement Between the USA and the Russian Federation has on the Domestic Uranium Mining, Conversion, and Enrichment Industries and the Ops of the Gaseous Diffusion The successful implementation of the HEU Agreement remains a high priority of the U.S. Government. The agreement also serves U.S. and Russian commercial interests. HEU Agreement deliveries are an important source of supply in meeting requirements for U.S. utility uranium, conversion, and

317

Seven Cities and a Utility Company Team Up to Deliver Residential Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Seven Cities and a Utility Company Team Up to Deliver Residential Seven Cities and a Utility Company Team Up to Deliver Residential Energy Savings Seven Cities and a Utility Company Team Up to Deliver Residential Energy Savings August 1, 2011 - 5:26pm Addthis Check out this residential energy report, one of many that's helping residents all over King County, Washington save energy and money at home. Check out this residential energy report, one of many that's helping residents all over King County, Washington save energy and money at home. Joel Blaine In 2010, seven cities in King County, Washington -- known as the C-7 New Energy Partnership -- joined forces with local utility Puget Sound Energy (PSE) and energy management software company OPOWER to help nearly 100,000 residents reduce their home energy consumption. The program, which was made

318

U.S. Nuclear Weapons Strategy Delivered to Congress | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Nuclear Weapons Strategy Delivered to Congress Nuclear Weapons Strategy Delivered to Congress U.S. Nuclear Weapons Strategy Delivered to Congress July 24, 2007 - 2:55pm Addthis WASHINGTON, DC -U.S. Secretary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman joined the U.S. Secretaries of Defense and State in sending to Congress the Bush Administration's nuclear weapons strategy. This document not only describes the history of nuclear deterrence during the Cold War, but reinforces how deterrence applies to present and future security threats, and what a nuclear stockpile of the 21st century will need to look like in order to meet those threats. The strategy emphasizes President Bush's goal of maintaining a credible nuclear deterrent with the lowest possible number of nuclear weapons. It is consistent with the Moscow Treaty that sets U.S. and Russian

319

FedEx Freight Delivers on Clean Energy | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

FedEx Freight Delivers on Clean Energy FedEx Freight Delivers on Clean Energy FedEx Freight Delivers on Clean Energy March 19, 2010 - 4:39pm Addthis Paul Lester Communications Specialist, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy FedEx Freight has a special delivery for America's clean energy economy: a fleet of hydrogen powered forklifts. All 35 electric forklifts at FedEx Freight's Springfield, MO service center will be converted to hydrogen fuel cell power. The $2.8 million project will be completed in a few weeks and was partially funded through a grant from the Recovery Act. The energy makeover is "the best of both worlds," says Dennis Beal, vice president of physical assets at FedEx Freight. "The vehicles will be emission-free and will provide the benefits of electrical power forklifts

320

U.S. Nuclear Weapons Strategy Delivered to Congress | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

U.S. Nuclear Weapons Strategy Delivered to Congress U.S. Nuclear Weapons Strategy Delivered to Congress U.S. Nuclear Weapons Strategy Delivered to Congress July 24, 2007 - 2:55pm Addthis WASHINGTON, DC -U.S. Secretary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman joined the U.S. Secretaries of Defense and State in sending to Congress the Bush Administration's nuclear weapons strategy. This document not only describes the history of nuclear deterrence during the Cold War, but reinforces how deterrence applies to present and future security threats, and what a nuclear stockpile of the 21st century will need to look like in order to meet those threats. The strategy emphasizes President Bush's goal of maintaining a credible nuclear deterrent with the lowest possible number of nuclear weapons. It is consistent with the Moscow Treaty that sets U.S. and Russian

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "minimize delivered cost" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Improving the Way We Harvest & Deliver Biofuels Crops | Department of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Improving the Way We Harvest & Deliver Biofuels Crops Improving the Way We Harvest & Deliver Biofuels Crops Improving the Way We Harvest & Deliver Biofuels Crops May 24, 2013 - 9:40am Addthis The self-propelled baler collects and packages bales of feedstock on-site that can be immediately loaded and sent to a biorefinery for use. | Photo courtesy of Antares Group. The self-propelled baler collects and packages bales of feedstock on-site that can be immediately loaded and sent to a biorefinery for use. | Photo courtesy of Antares Group. The bale picking truck follows the self-propelled baler, picking up and packaging the bales into packs before transferring them to an attached flatbed. | Photo courtesy of Antares Group. The bale picking truck follows the self-propelled baler, picking up and packaging the bales into packs before transferring them to an attached

322

Expanded standards and codes case limits combined buildings delivered energy to 21 quadrillion Btu by 2035  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Erin Boedecker, Session Moderator Erin Boedecker, Session Moderator April 27, 2011 | Washington, DC Energy Demand. Efficiency, and Consumer Behavior 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 2005 2010 2015 2020 2025 2030 2035 2010 Technology Reference Expanded Standards Expanded Standards + Codes -7.6% ≈ 0 Expanded standards and codes case limits combined buildings delivered energy to 21 quadrillion Btu by 2035 2 Erin Boedecker, EIA Energy Conference, April 27, 2011 delivered energy quadrillion Btu Source: EIA, Annual Energy Outlook 2011 -4.8% 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 2005 2010 2015 2020 2025 2030 2035 2010 Technology Reference High Technology High technology assumptions with more efficient consumer behavior keep buildings energy to just over 20 quadrillion Btu 3 Erin Boedecker, EIA Energy Conference, April 27, 2011 delivered energy quadrillion Btu

323

Standard costs for labor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

STANDARD COSTS FOR LABOR A Thesis By MD. NURUL ABSAR KHAN Submitted to the Graduate School of the Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texms in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION... Administration and the government of East Pakistan. CONTENTS Chapter Page I. Introduction and Prelisd. nary Discussion II. Installation and Accounting Aspects of Standard Costs for Labor III, Recording~ Analysing and Reporting of Labor Vaxlances . 45 IV...

Khan, Mohammed Nurul Absar

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

324

Minimizing Project Risk Through Financing Strategies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

or eliminate their risks on energy investments. Topics include: 1. procedures for evaluating project risk, 2. strategies to minimize risk, including financing options that transfer risk from the building owner to a third party investor, and 3. guidelines...

Michaelson, M.

325

Waste minimization and pollution prevention awareness plan  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this plan is to document the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) Waste Minimization and Pollution Prevention Awareness Program. The plan specifies those activities and methods that are or will be employed to reduce the quantity and toxicity of wastes generated at the site. The intent of this plan is to respond to and comply with (DOE's) policy and guidelines concerning the need for pollution prevention. The Plan is composed of a LLNL Waste Minimization and Pollution Prevention Awareness Program Plan and, as attachments, Program- and Department-specific waste minimization plans. This format reflects the fact that waste minimization is considered a line management responsibility and is to be addressed by each of the Programs and Departments. 14 refs.

Not Available

1991-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

326

Minimizing and exploiting leakage in VLSI  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

reverse body bias voltage to minimize leakage. As the minimum feature size of VLSI fabrication processes continues to shrink with each successive process generation (along with the value of supply voltage and therefore the threshold voltage of the devices...

Jayakumar, Nikhil

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

327

DOE Issues 2 Requests for Information on Low-Cost Hydrogen Production and Delivery  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The US DOE's FCTO has issued two RFIs seeking feedback from the research community and relevant stakeholders about hydrogen production and hydrogen delivery RD&D activities aimed at developing technologies that can ultimately produce and deliver low-cost hydrogen.

328

The Parisi formula has a unique minimizer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In 1979, G. Parisi predicted a variational formula for the thermodynamic limit of the free energy in the Sherrington-Kirkpatrick model and described the role played by its minimizer. This formula was verified in the seminal work of Talagrand and later generalized to the mixed p-spin models by Panchenko. In this paper, we prove that the minimizer in Parisi's formula is unique at any temperature and external field by establishing the strict convexity of the Parisi functional.

Antonio Auffinger; Wei-Kuo Chen

2014-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

329

Tokamak reactor cost model based on STARFIRE/WILDCAT costing  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A cost model is presented which is useful for survey and comparative studies of tokamak reactors. The model is heavily based on STARFIRE and WILDCAT costing guidelines, philosophies, and procedures and reproduces the costing for these devices quite accurately.

Evans, K. Jr.

1983-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

ACCELERATED COMMUNICATION Low free energy cost of very long loop insertions in proteins  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ACCELERATED COMMUNICATION Low free energy cost of very long loop insertions in proteins MICHELLE are expected to have destabilizing effects because of the entropic cost associated with loop closure unless insertions of 60�80 amino acids have minimal effects on SH2 domain stability suggests that the free energy

Baker, David

331

Low-Cost Illumination-Grade LEDs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Solid State Lighting is a cost-effective, energy-conserving technology serving a rapidly expand- ing multi-billion dollar market. This program was designed to accelerate this lighting revolution by reducing the manufacturing cost of Illumination-Grade LEDs. The technical strategy was to investigate growth substrate alternatives to standard planar sapphire, select the most effective and compatible option, and demonstrate a significant increase in Lumen/$ with a marketable LED. The most obvious alternate substrate, silicon, was extensively studied in the first two years of the program. The superior thermal and mechanical properties of Si were expected to improve wavelength uniformity and hence color yield in the manufacture of high-power illumination- grade LEDs. However, improvements in efficiency and epitaxy uniformity on standard c-plane sapphire diminished the advantages of switching to Si. Furthermore, the cost of sapphire decreased significantly and the cost of processing Si devices using our thin film process was higher than expected. We concluded that GaN on Si was a viable technology but not a practical option for Philips Lumileds. Therefore in 2012 and 2013, we sought and received amendments which broadened the scope to include other substrates and extended the time of execution. Proprietary engineered substrates, off-axis (non-c-plane) sapphire, and c-plane patterned sapphire substrates (PSS) were all investigated in the final 18 months of this program. Excellent epitaxy quality was achieved on all three candidates; however we eliminated engineered substrates and non-c-plane sapphire because of their higher combined cost of substrate, device fabrication and packaging. Ultimately, by fabricating a flip-chip (FC) LED based upon c-plane PSS we attained a 42% reduction in LED manufacturing cost relative to our LUXEON Rebel product (Q1-2012). Combined with a flux gain from 85 to 102 Lm, the LUXEON Q delivered a 210% increase in Lm/$ over this time period. The technology was commercialized in our LUXEON Q product in Sept., 2013. Also, the retention of the sapphire increased the robustness of the device, enabling sales of low-cost submount-free chips to lighting manufacturers. Thus, blue LED die sales were initiated in the form of a PSS-FC in February, 2013.

Epler, John

2013-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

332

Department of Energy Delivers on R&D Targets around Cellulosic Ethanol  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

Scientists at DOE national laboratories successfully demonstrated technical advances required to produce cellulosic ethanol that is cost competitive with petroleum.

333

Proceedings of pollution prevention and waste minimization tools workshop  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Pollution Prevention (P2) has evolved into one of DOE`s sprime strategies to meet environmental, fiscal, and worker safety obligations. P2 program planning, opportunity identification, and implementation tools were developed under the direction of the Waste Minimization Division (EM-334). Forty experts from EM, DP, ER and DOE subcontractors attended this 2-day workshop to formulate the incentives to drive utilization of these tools. Plenary and small working group sessions were held both days. Working Group 1 identified incentives to overcoming barriers in the area of P2 program planning and resource allocation. Working Group 2 identified mechanisms to drive the completion of P2 assessments and generation of opportunities. Working Group 3 compiled and documented a broad range of potential P2 incentives that address fundamental barriers to implementation of cost effective opportunities.

NONE

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Fume Hood Sash Stickers Increases Laboratory Safety and Efficiency at Minimal Cost  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

confused by labels placed at 18 inches confused by labels placed at 18 inches that say "Place Sash here for Maximum Safety." The authors of these labels have confused "maximum" and "minimum", not realizing that a hood is least safe when fully open. A Basic Solution To address the confusion at the University of California, a lab manager and a hood safety specialist designed a bold vinyl sticker to attach on the exterior sidewall of a fume hood (Figure 1). The sticker cleverly uses the ubiquitous traffic light color scheme, with a red zone above 18 inches, and a large arrow pointing down with the words, "More Safe, Less Energy" changing from yellow at the midpoint to green at the bottom when the sash is closed completely. Interestingly,

335

Minimization of cost, sediment load, and sensitivity to climate change in a watershed management application  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the relative trade-offs of alternative stormwater BMP configurations. Ã? 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved and transport of sediment and soil contaminants into surface water bodies. Even the relatively rural state of Vermont has 107 impaired water bodies. Of these, 17 are stormwater-impaired rivers and streams (VTDEC

Eppstein, Margaret J.

336

Systematic Process Synthesis and Design Methods for Cost Effective Waste Minimization. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report focuses on research done over the past four years under the grant with the above title. In addition, the report also includes a brief summary of work done before 1994 under grant DOE-DE-FG02-85ER13396. Finally, a complete list of publications that acknowledge support from this grant is listed at the end.

Biegler, L.T.; Grossmann, I.E.; Westerberg, A.W.

1998-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

337

Optimization of PHEV Power Split Gear Ratio to Minimize Fuel Consumption and Operation Cost.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??A Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) is a vehicle powered by a combination of an internal combustion engine and an electric motor with a battery… (more)

Li, Yanhe

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

Decision Support System (DSS) for Machine Selection: A Cost Minimization Model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.3) = SPs?%SPx s ?TTx? $SPWKS?HRS + UC??$UCu u ?PTxjk ? ?, ? + $MM 2?HRS ? PTxjk+SUxjk ? ?, ? SUxjk... to Appendix A for details). The first screen on the Microsoft Excel model presents the main menu with the options to go to the data sheet to enter or revise data, or to go to the calculations and results sheet to see results (refer to Figure 2.1). When...

Mendez Pinero, Mayra I.

2010-01-16T23:59:59.000Z

339

A network transformation procedure for finding minimal-cost flows in networks with variable lower bounds  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. 20 1. 08 2. 16 2. 16 0. 90 2. 40 7. 20 1. 87 4. 50 7. 50 15. 75 10 14 16 14 18 18 19 1. 25 1. 24 1. 75 1. 95 1. 95 1. 62 4. 55 5. 85 1. 92 2. 70 3. 08 6. 93 7. 32 10 12 1. 00 1. 20 1. 60 2. 38 2. 72 2. 72 3. 40... support, encouragement, understanding, patience and love. TABLE OF CONTI~ITS CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION I I PREVIOUS SOLUTION METHODS 2-1. Mixed Integer Linear Programming 2 2. Branch-and-Bound Procedure III PROPOSED METHODOLOGY 3-1. Network...

Kim, Seongbae

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

340

Fume Hood Sash Stickers Increases Laboratory Safety and Efficiency at Minimal Cost  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Case study describes two University of California campuses that increased laboratory exhaust efficiency and safety by using fume hood sash stickers.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "minimize delivered cost" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Further Program Development for the Cost Minimizing Global Energy System Model GET-RC.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The linear programming Global Energy Transition (GET) model covers the global energy system and is designed to meet exogenously given energy demand levels, subject to… (more)

Andersson, Magnus

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Comment on “Minimal Energy Cost for Thermodynamic Information Processing: Measurement and Information Erasure”  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A Comment on the Letter by Takahiro Sagawa and Masahito Ueda, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 250602 (2009). The authors of the Letter offer a Reply.

Raoul Dillenschneider and Eric Lutz

2010-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

343

Equipment Arrangement Planning of a Fuel Cell Energy Network Optimized for Cost Minimization  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In recent years, uses of the distribution of fuel cells have been studied [9, 10]. Furthermore, fuel cell systems are connected by a network and the micro-grid of the electrical power operated in cooperation ... ...

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

Fume Hood Sash Stickers Increases Laboratory Safety and Efficiency at Minimal Cost  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

confused by labels placed at 18 inches confused by labels placed at 18 inches that say "Place Sash here for Maximum Safety." The authors of these labels have confused "maximum" and "minimum", not realizing that a hood is least safe when fully open. A Basic Solution To address the confusion at the University of California, a lab manager and a hood safety specialist designed a bold vinyl sticker to attach on the exterior sidewall of a fume hood (Figure 1). The sticker cleverly uses the ubiquitous traffic light color scheme, with a red zone above 18 inches, and a large arrow pointing down with the words, "More Safe, Less Energy" changing from yellow at the midpoint to green at the bottom when the sash is closed completely. Interestingly,

345

Life-cycle cost analysis of floating offshore wind farms  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The purpose of this article is to put forward a methodology in order to evaluate the Cost Breakdown Structure (CBS) of a Floating Offshore Wind Farm (FOWF). In this paper CBS is evaluated linked to Life-Cycle Cost System (LCS) and taking into account each of the phases of the FOWF life cycle. In this sense, six phases will be defined: definition, design, manufacturing, installation, exploitation and dismantling. Each and every one of these costs can be subdivided into different sub-costs in order to obtain the key variables that run the life-cycle cost. In addition, three different floating platforms will be considered: semisubmersible, Tensioned Leg Platform (TLP) and spar. Several types of results will be analysed according to each type of floating platform considered: the percentage of the costs, the value of the cost of each phase of the life-cycle and the value of the total cost in each point of the coast. The results obtained allow us to become conscious of what the most important costs are and minimize them, which is one of the most important contributions nowadays. It will be useful to improve the competitiveness of floating wind farms in the future.

Castro-Santos Laura; Diaz-Casas Vicente

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Waste Minimization/Pollution Prevention Crosscut Plan, 1994  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This plan establishes a Department-wide goal to reduce total releases of toxic chemicals to the environment and off-site transfers of such toxic chemicals by 50 percent by December 31, 1999, in compliance with Executive Order 12856. Each site that meets the threshold quantities of toxic chemicals established in the Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-Know Act (EPCRA) will participate in this goal. In addition, each DOE site will establish site-specific goals to reduce generation of hazardous, radioactive, radioactive mixed, and sanitary wastes and pollutants, as applicable. Implementation of this plan will represent a major step toward the environmental risks and costs associated with DOE operations and increasing the Department`s use of preventive environmental management practices. Investing in Waste Minimization Pollution Prevention (WMin/PP) steadily reduce hazardous and radioactive waste generation and will reduce the need for waste management and unnecessary expenditures for waste treatment, storage, and disposal. A preventive approach to waste management will help solve current environmental and regulatory issues and reduce the need for costly future corrective actions. The purpose of this plan is to establish the strategic framework for integrating WMin/PP into all DOE internal activities. This program includes setting DOE policy and goals for reducing the generation of wastes and pollutants, increasing recycling activities, and establishing an infrastructure to achieve and measure the goals throughout the DOE complex. Waste Minimization and Pollution Prevention Awareness Plans, submitted to Headquarters by DOE field sites, will incorporate the WMin/PP activities and goals outlined in this plan. Success of the DOE WMin/PP program is dependent upon each field operation becoming accountable for resources used, wastes and pollutants generated, and wastes recycled.

Not Available

1994-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

347

Low-Cost "Vacuum Desiccator"  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Low-Cost "Vacuum Desiccator" ... Described are individualized, low-cost, and safe desiccators that can be efficiently and rapidly made with an inexpensive kitchen aid sold for shrink-wrapping food. ... Cost-Effective Teacher ...

Frederick Sweet

2004-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

Factors Impacting Decommissioning Costs - 13576  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) studied United States experience with decommissioning cost estimates and the factors that impact the actual cost of decommissioning projects. This study gathered available estimated and actual decommissioning costs from eight nuclear power plants in the United States to understand the major components of decommissioning costs. Major costs categories for decommissioning a nuclear power plant are removal costs, radioactive waste costs, staffing costs, and other costs. The technical factors that impact the costs were analyzed based on the plants' decommissioning experiences. Detailed cost breakdowns by major projects and other cost categories from actual power plant decommissioning experiences will be presented. Such information will be useful in planning future decommissioning and designing new plants. (authors)

Kim, Karen; McGrath, Richard [Electric Power Research Institute, 3420 Hillview Ave., Palo Alto, California (United States)] [Electric Power Research Institute, 3420 Hillview Ave., Palo Alto, California (United States)

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

Roadway Improvement Project Cost Allocation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Roadway Improvement Project Cost Allocation CTS 21st Annual Transportation Research Conference costs #12;Potential Applications · Roadway Project Feasibility Studies ­ Identified potential roadway infrastructure improvement ­ Documentation of estimated project costs ­ Determine property assessments

Minnesota, University of

350

Sunk Costs and Competitive Bidding  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SUNK COSTS AND COMPETITIVE BIDDING Kenneth R. FrenchRevised: November 1982 SUNK COSTS AND COMPETITIVE BIDDINGl the winning bid be? I f sunk costs do not matter, I f the

French, Kenneth R.; McCormick, Robert E.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

ESS 2012 Peer Review - Iron Based Flow Batteries for Low Cost Grid Level Energy Storage - Jesse Wainright, Case Western Reserve  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

authors gratefully acknowledge the support of the Department of Energy/Office of Electricity's Energy Storage Program. authors gratefully acknowledge the support of the Department of Energy/Office of Electricity's Energy Storage Program. Iron Based Flow Batteries for Low Cost Grid Level Energy Storage J.S. Wainright, R. F. Savinell, P.I.s Dept. of Chemical Engineering, Case Western Reserve University Purpose Impact on Iron Based Batteries on the DOE OE Energy Storage Mission Recent Results Recent Results Develop efficient, cost-effective grid level storage capability based on iron. Goals of this Effort: * Minimize Cost/Watt by increasing current density - Hardware Cost >> Electrolyte Cost * Minimize Cost/Whr by increasing plating capacity * Maximize Efficiency by minimizing current lost to hydrogen evolution Electrochemistry of the all-Iron system:

352

Assigning research and development costs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Development Cost Components RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT COSTS IN FINANCIAL STATEMENTS . 10 Capitalization Basis for Reporting Research and Development Costs Revenue Basis for Reporting Research and Development Costs Reasons Why Most Companies Expense... PRACTICE WITH ACCOUNTING THEORY Unknown Results at the End of an Accounting Period Uncertain Useful Life of Results. . . . . . . . . . . . . Recurrence of Annual Costs Permissive Feature of the Internal Revenue Code Uniform Amounts of Annual Costs...

Edwards, Wendell Edward

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

353

Texas Natural Gas Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of Others (Million Cubic Feet) Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of Others (Million Cubic Feet) Texas Natural Gas Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of Others (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 5,402 21,863 16,935 1990's 17,645 19,287 37,443 28,423 31,742 65,911 29,469 83,494 32,280 39,041 2000's 39,939 19,885 63,710 57,523 49,000 32,812 26,523 29,257 29,233 36,338 2010's 44,212 49,056 44,453 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 1/7/2014 Next Release Date: 1/31/2014 Referring Pages: Natural Gas Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of

354

Indiana Natural Gas Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of Others (Million Cubic Feet) Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of Others (Million Cubic Feet) Indiana Natural Gas Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of Others (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 3,453 3,473 3,579 1990's 2,906 3,947 2,319 3,724 5,841 10,149 3,255 8,290 15,216 15,967 2000's 19,921 17,990 17,844 17,615 18,539 13,662 14,610 16,566 18,768 20,579 2010's 20,742 22,652 21,758 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 1/7/2014 Next Release Date: 1/31/2014 Referring Pages: Natural Gas Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of

355

Maryland Natural Gas Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of Others (Million Cubic Feet) Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of Others (Million Cubic Feet) Maryland Natural Gas Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of Others (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 262 800 1,010 1990's 1,052 1,308 1,692 1,497 1,291 1,469 3,734 16,394 36,375 38,722 2000's 33,880 40,313 44,577 48,105 47,747 46,440 43,744 50,220 49,545 48,717 2010's 48,000 49,053 48,271 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 1/7/2014 Next Release Date: 1/31/2014 Referring Pages: Natural Gas Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of Others

356

New York Natural Gas Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of Others (Million Cubic Feet) Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of Others (Million Cubic Feet) New York Natural Gas Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of Others (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 6,117 19,944 28,376 1990's 31,904 38,556 48,552 50,279 45,626 55,135 58,135 113,408 157,319 154,004 2000's 219,003 188,430 195,812 164,009 182,026 132,708 131,580 150,725 157,373 162,020 2010's 180,573 184,262 179,436 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 1/7/2014 Next Release Date: 1/31/2014 Referring Pages: Natural Gas Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of

357

Missouri Natural Gas Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of Others (Million Cubic Feet) Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of Others (Million Cubic Feet) Missouri Natural Gas Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of Others (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 142 2,400 4,851 1990's 8,306 8,910 8,817 10,710 11,072 10,880 12,988 14,059 13,463 13,494 2000's 12,512 12,447 12,349 12,000 13,965 13,823 13,373 13,653 14,628 14,325 2010's 14,387 16,750 16,876 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 1/7/2014 Next Release Date: 1/31/2014 Referring Pages: Natural Gas Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of

358

Wisconsin Natural Gas Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of Others (Million Cubic Feet) Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of Others (Million Cubic Feet) Wisconsin Natural Gas Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of Others (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 4,652 4,443 5,128 1990's 6,189 6,414 6,229 4,312 5,133 6,760 7,848 15,907 21,172 17,123 2000's 17,742 17,388 20,653 18,178 16,710 18,098 20,679 21,830 22,517 21,186 2010's 19,594 20,576 19,733 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 1/7/2014 Next Release Date: 1/31/2014 Referring Pages: Natural Gas Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of

359

California Natural Gas Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of Others (Million Cubic Feet) Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of Others (Million Cubic Feet) California Natural Gas Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of Others (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 894 10,862 21,109 1990's 38,337 63,882 72,782 57,781 134,346 133,483 106,531 125,836 144,864 105,079 2000's 105,650 92,011 74,767 69,072 66,778 72,999 86,196 98,776 108,738 111,702 2010's 113,903 112,448 126,571 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 1/7/2014 Next Release Date: 1/31/2014 Referring Pages: Natural Gas Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of

360

Virginia Natural Gas Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of Others (Million Cubic Feet) Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of Others (Million Cubic Feet) Virginia Natural Gas Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of Others (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 590 997 1,274 1990's 2,804 2,826 4,719 5,902 7,039 9,062 8,712 13,705 16,267 20,043 2000's 22,239 20,479 24,189 21,972 23,508 23,790 25,017 27,351 27,379 29,016 2010's 30,179 29,504 28,857 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 1/7/2014 Next Release Date: 1/31/2014 Referring Pages: Natural Gas Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of Others

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "minimize delivered cost" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Ohio Natural Gas Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of Others (Million Cubic Feet) Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of Others (Million Cubic Feet) Ohio Natural Gas Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of Others (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 18,861 20,433 21,903 1990's 18,258 20,033 23,188 25,345 30,807 41,569 53,609 63,352 70,543 89,746 2000's 97,516 100,462 101,500 109,479 108,693 104,551 95,316 108,943 115,050 119,827 2010's 124,231 132,566 126,269 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 1/7/2014 Next Release Date: 1/31/2014 Referring Pages: Natural Gas Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of

362

Oklahoma Natural Gas Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of Others (Million Cubic Feet) Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of Others (Million Cubic Feet) Oklahoma Natural Gas Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of Others (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 0 12,217 3,988 1990's 2,944 3,445 4,052 4,095 4,214 5,894 7,165 8,204 11,752 11,218 2000's 11,920 10,549 11,682 10,755 14,253 18,468 17,798 21,216 19,870 22,220 2010's 21,966 21,697 21,258 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 1/7/2014 Next Release Date: 1/31/2014 Referring Pages: Natural Gas Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of Others

363

Vertical silicon nanowires as a universal platform for delivering biomolecules into living cells  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Vertical silicon nanowires as a universal platform for delivering biomolecules into living cells Gyeong Yanga,b,1 , and Hongkun Parka,c,1 a Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, Harvard platform for introducing a diverse range of bio- molecules into living cells in high-throughput could

Heller, Eric

364

UMBC Training Centers Partners with EC-Council, to Deliver Online Cybersecurity Training Programs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

UMBC Training Centers Partners with EC-Council, to Deliver Online Cybersecurity Training Programs "iClasses offer Students the option of live, instructor lead online security training virtually anywhere with access to the internet." March 21, 2011 - UMBC Training Centers, long time partner of the EC

Maryland, Baltimore County, University of

365

Delivered by Ingenta to University of Groningen (cid 80005873), Rijksuniversiteit Gronigen (cid 291936)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Delivered by Ingenta to University of Groningen (cid 80005873), Rijksuniversiteit Gronigen (cid Centre, University of Groningen, Nijenborgh 4, NL-9747 AG Groningen, The Netherlands 2 Department of Computer Science, University of Groningen, Blauwborgje 3, NL-9747 AC Groningen, The Netherlands We

366

New Strontium-based Bioactive Glasses: Physicochemical Reactivity and Delivering Capability  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 New Strontium-based Bioactive Glasses: Physicochemical Reactivity and Delivering Capability, strontium- doped bioactive glasses are of major interest; their key property relies on the increased that closely resembles to the biological apatite present in bones. Compared to strontium-free materials

Boyer, Edmond

367

Delivering better power: the role of simulation in reducing the environmental impact of aircraft engines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...More computational power will allow the emerging...unsteady aerodynamic loads is commonplace for...the computational power effectively the mesh...require the use of data mining and pattern...advanced faster than data transfer rates in...growth in compute power soon delivers no benefit...

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Energy Storage & Delivery The goal of this project is to deliver measurement methods specific to  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy Storage & Delivery Materials The goal of this project is to deliver measurement methods specific to polymeric and organic materials needed in next generation energy storage and delivery and Customers · Fuel cells and batteries are central to an array of alternative energy technologies, ranging

369

Geophysical Monitoring of Foam used to Deliver Remediation1 Treatments within the Vadose Zone2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for transport of pollutants from the ground surface37 to ground water. Contaminants in the vadose zone1 Geophysical Monitoring of Foam used to Deliver Remediation1 Treatments within the Vadose Zone2 3 amendments into the vadose zone for in situ11 remediation; it is an approach being considered for in situ

Hubbard, Susan

370

GENIE: Delivering e-Science to the environmental scientist M. Y. Gulamali1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to deliver a Grid-based, modular, distributed and scalable Earth System Model for long-term and paleo-term aims of the GENIE project. 1 Introduction The Grid ENabled Integrated Earth system model (GENIE-term benefits to the Earth system modelling community (and others who need to com- bine disparate models

371

Maximizing Throughput of UAV-Relaying Networks with the Load-Carry-and-Deliver Paradigm  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

act as relays between ground stations that could not otherwise communicate due to distanceMaximizing Throughput of UAV-Relaying Networks with the Load-Carry-and-Deliver Paradigm Chen Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) to relay messages between two distant ground nodes. For delay

Kung, H. T.

372

New Jersey Natural Gas Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of Others (Million Cubic Feet) Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of Others (Million Cubic Feet) New Jersey Natural Gas Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of Others (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 1,186 1,558 2,578 1990's 5,978 7,401 10,012 10,901 11,045 19,074 40,100 73,902 57,904 72,015 2000's 68,383 55,889 74,340 78,718 87,596 82,294 80,976 94,231 97,638 111,224 2010's 115,999 129,307 120,934 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 1/7/2014 Next Release Date: 1/31/2014 Referring Pages: Natural Gas Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of

373

Kansas Natural Gas Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of Others (Million Cubic Feet) Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of Others (Million Cubic Feet) Kansas Natural Gas Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of Others (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 383 2,193 4,037 1990's 4,701 6,321 8,408 9,729 11,295 14,029 16,200 12,331 12,757 12,985 2000's 17,198 13,871 15,933 15,462 15,719 9,330 9,518 10,757 11,760 11,153 2010's 11,288 12,008 10,239 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 1/7/2014 Next Release Date: 1/31/2014 Referring Pages: Natural Gas Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of Others

374

INDEPENDENT COST REVIEW (ICR)  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

COST REVIEW (ICR) COST REVIEW (ICR) and INDEPENDENT COST ESTIMATE (ICE) STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES (SOP) Revision 1 DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (DOE) OFFICE OF ACQUISITION AND PROJECT MANAGEMENT (OAPM) September 2013 SUMMARY OF UPDATES: This revision includes the following significant changes since the December 2011 SOP release: 1. The original SOP discussed how an EIR and an ICE could be executed in tandem, but since we are no longer advocating this approach the ICE process has been completely separated from the EIR process and references to EIRs have been removed. 2. Section 1 adds a reference to Public Law 2055 reflecting that we must now, as a matter of law, perform an ICE at CD-3 for projects with a TPC over $100 million. 3. Section 2 notes that DOE Programs must now pay for ICRs and ICEs and reflects that PARS II must be

375

INDEPENDENT COST REVIEW (ICR)  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

COST REVIEW (ICR) COST REVIEW (ICR) and INDEPENDENT COST ESTIMATE (ICE) STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES (SOP) Revision 1 DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (DOE) OFFICE OF ACQUISITION AND PROJECT MANAGEMENT (OAPM) September 2013 SUMMARY OF UPDATES: This revision includes the following significant changes since the December 2011 SOP release: 1. The original SOP discussed how an EIR and an ICE could be executed in tandem, but since we are no longer advocating this approach the ICE process has been completely separated from the EIR process and references to EIRs have been removed. 2. Section 1 adds a reference to Public Law 2055 reflecting that we must now, as a matter of law, perform an ICE at CD-3 for projects with a TPC over $100 million. 3. Section 2 notes that DOE Programs must now pay for ICRs and ICEs and reflects that PARS II must be

376

Power Plant Cycling Costs  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Power Plant Cycling Costs Power Plant Cycling Costs April 2012 N. Kumar, P. Besuner, S. Lefton, D. Agan, and D. Hilleman Intertek APTECH Sunnyvale, California NREL Technical Monitor: Debra Lew Subcontract Report NREL/SR-5500-55433 July 2012 NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy, operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC. National Renewable Energy Laboratory 15013 Denver West Parkway Golden, Colorado 80401 303-275-3000 * www.nrel.gov Contract No. DE-AC36-08GO28308 Power Plant Cycling Costs April 2012 N. Kumar, P. Besuner, S. Lefton, D. Agan, and D. Hilleman Intertek APTECH Sunnyvale, California NREL Technical Monitor: Debra Lew Prepared under Subcontract No. NFT-1-11325-01

377

Cost Controls Pay Off Big  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Cost Controls Pay Off Big ... Biggest plus was the general improvement in the economy; but to this must be added successful efforts by industry to control costs. ...

1959-02-16T23:59:59.000Z

378

QGESS: Capital Cost Scaling Methodology  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

(costs and values of inputs, outputs, and processes, including capital and operating costs) and performance (mass conversion, energy efficiency, and, generally speaking,...

379

Total supply chain cost model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sourcing and outsourcing decisions have taken on increased importance within Teradyne to improve efficiency and competitiveness. This project delivered a conceptual framework and a software tool to analyze supply chain ...

Wu, Claudia

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Structural Risk Minimization Kernels Support Vector Machines Support Vector Machines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dimensional Spaces Many acceptable solutions #12;Structural Risk Minimization Kernels Support Vector Machines High Dimensional Spaces Many acceptable solutions bad generalization #12;Structural Risk MinimizationStructural Risk Minimization Kernels Support Vector Machines Support Vector Machines Kernel Methods

Kjellström, Hedvig

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "minimize delivered cost" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Low Cost, Durable Seal  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Seal durability is critical to achieving the 2010 DOE operational life goals for both stationary and transportation PEM fuel cell stacks. The seal material must be chemically and mechanically stable in an environment consisting of aggressive operating temperatures, humidified gases, and acidic membranes. The seal must also be producible at low cost. Currentlyused seal materials do not meet all these requirements. This project developed and demonstrated a high consistency hydrocarbon rubber seal material that was able to meet the DOE technical and cost targets. Significant emphasis was placed on characterization of the material and full scale molding demonstrations.

Roberts, George; Parsons, Jason; Friedman, Jake

2010-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

382

Cost Type Examples Salary costs for staff working  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cost Type Examples Salary costs for staff working on the grant Fellows, research assistants by the technician can be supported by a verifiable audit trail. Specialist consultancy fees Recruitment costs Staff recruitment and advertising costs, including interviewee travel. Materials & consumables Laboratory chemicals

Rambaut, Andrew

383

Low Cost Carbon Fiber Production Carbon Fiber Manufacturing Cost Modeling  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Low Cost Carbon Fiber Production Carbon Fiber Manufacturing Cost Modeling Oak Ridge National fiber reinforced composites have enjoyed limited acceptance in the automotive industry due to high costs to bond with composite matrix material. It is important that a carbon fiber manufacturing cost model

384

Technology advances keeping LNG cost-competitive  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

LNG plants, often very expensive in the past, will in the future need to cost less to build and operate and yet maintain high safety and reliability standards, both during construction and operation. Technical advancements, both in the process and in equipment scaling, manufacturing, and metallurgy, will provide much of the impetus for the improved economics. Although world energy demand is predicted to grow on average of about 2% annually over the next decade, LNG is expected to contribute an increasing portion of this growth with annual growth rates averaging about 7%. This steep growth increase will be propelled mainly by the environmentally friendlier burning characteristics of natural gas and the strong industrial growth in Asian and pacific Rim countries. While LNG is emerging as the fuel of choice for developing economies, its delivered cost to consumers will need to stay competitive with alternate energy supplies if it is to remain in front. The paper discusses LNG process development, treating process, equipment developments (man heat exchanger, compressors, drivers, and pressure vessels), and economy of scale.

Bellow, E.J. Jr.; Ghazal, F.P.; Silverman, A.J. [Mobil Technology Co., Dallas, TX (United States); Myers, S.D. [Mobil Oil Corp., Fairfax, VA (United States)

1997-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

385

Waste minimization necessary for solving wastewater problems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Developing and implementing waste minimization procedures to correct the wastewater treatment problem are not as simple as identifying the problem. People cannot solve today's problems with the same kind of thinking that caused the problems. Nonetheless, industry primarily is using traditional treatment technologies to reduce wastewater. most companies are upgrading their wastewater treatment plants and installing treatment equipment in process areas whenever technically and economically feasible. The solution to ensuring wastewater compliance is recycling, waste minimization and moving toward zero discharge. Treating wastewater to the best possible quality still creates residual waste that must be disposed. In addition, regulatory limits continue to increase. Although some facilities can close and have closed the loop in certain processes, industry is pursuing waste minimization and the goal of zero discharge, given existing technology and economics. This, companies must taken an innovative approach to reducing wastewater volume and toxicity at the source.

Melody, M.

1993-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

Geothermal Energy Development in the Eastern United States, Sensitivity analysis-cost of geothermal energy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Geothermal Resources Interactive Temporal Simulation (GRITS) model is a computer code designed to estimate the costs of geothermal energy systems. The interactive program allows the user to vary resource, demand, and financial parameters to observe their effects on delivered costs of direct-use geothermal energy. Due to the large number and interdependent nature of the variables that influence these costs, the variables can be handled practically only through computer modeling. This report documents a sensitivity analysis of the cost of direct-use geothermal energy where each major element is varied to measure the responsiveness of cost to changes in that element. It is hoped that this analysis will assist those persons interested in geothermal energy to understand the most significant cost element as well as those individuals interested in using the GRITS program in the future.

Kane, S.M.; Kroll, P.; Nilo, B.

1982-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Sustainability for the Global Biofuels Industry: Minimizing Risks...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Sustainability for the Global Biofuels Industry: Minimizing Risks and Maximizing Opportunities Webinar Transcript Sustainability for the Global Biofuels Industry: Minimizing Risks...

388

Global Nuclear Energy Partnership Fact Sheet - Minimize Nuclear...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Minimize Nuclear Waste Global Nuclear Energy Partnership Fact Sheet - Minimize Nuclear Waste GNEP will increase the efficiency in the management of used nuclear fuel, also known as...

389

New Report States That Hydrokinetic Turbines Have Minimal Environmenta...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Report States That Hydrokinetic Turbines Have Minimal Environmental Impacts on Fish New Report States That Hydrokinetic Turbines Have Minimal Environmental Impacts on Fish August...

390

Sustainability for the Global Biofuels Industry: Minimizing Risks...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

* Assess impact on land and resource use, biodiversity * Minimize water consumption, air pollution, and waste * Maximize efficiency * Minimize GHG emissions * Avoid negative...

391

Estimating SCR installation costs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The EUCG surveyed 72 separate US installations of selective catalytic reduction (SCR) systems at coal-fired units totalling 41 GW of capacity to identify the systems' major cost drivers. The results, summarized in this article, provide excellent first-order estimates and guidance for utilities considering installing the downstream emissions-control technology. 4 figs., 1 tab.

Marano, M.; Sharp, G. [American Electric Power (United States)

2006-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

392

Minimal Residual Disease in Chronic Myeloid Leukemia  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...treatment with chemotherapy. In a hematologic complete remission, we know that a large portion of the leukemic cells remain out of sight. These cells, invisible to the microscopist, are the components of an important clinical problem termed "minimal residual disease." The concept of minimal residual disease... For many years hematologists have used the microscope to identify a complete remission of leukemia after treatment with chemotherapy. In a hematologic complete remission, we know that a large portion of the leukemic cells remain out of sight. These cells, ...

Löwenberg B.

2003-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

393

From Jack polynomials to minimal model spectra  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this note, a deep connection between free field realisations of conformal field theories and symmetric polynomials is presented. We give a brief introduction into the necessary prerequisites of both free field realisations and symmetric polynomials, in particular Jack symmetric polynomials. Then we combine these two fields to classify the irreducible representations of the minimal model vertex operator algebras as an illuminating example of the power of these methods. While these results on the representation theory of the minimal models are all known, this note exploits the full power of Jack polynomials to present significant simplifications of the original proofs in the literature.

David Ridout; Simon Wood

2014-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

394

Invoice Statement of Cost Cost Type/Cost Share UT-B Contracts Div Page 1 of 1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Invoice Statement of Cost ­ Cost Type/Cost Share UT-B Contracts Div Aug 2009 Page 1 of 1 invoice-state-cost-ext-venx-aug09 Company Name: Statement of Amounts Claimed Invoice Number: Statement of Cost ­ Cost Type/Cost Cost Subcontractor Cost Job Title Name Current Hours Rate Current Amount Cumulative Hours Cumulative

Pennycook, Steve

395

Secretary Moniz's Remarks at the Schlesinger Medal Ceremony and Energy Security Symposium in Washington D.C.-- As Delivered  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Secretary Moniz's remarks, as delivered, at the Schlesinger Medal Ceremony and Energy Security Symposium in Washington D.C. on October 1, 2014.

396

Secretary Moniz's Remarks to the Energy Standing Committee of the U.S. Conference of Mayors-- As Delivered  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Secretary Moniz's remarks, as delivered, to the Energy Standing Committee of the U.S. Conference of Mayors on January 21, 2015.

397

Steam driven centrifugal pump for low cost boiler feed service  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This article describes a steam driven centrifugal pump for boiler feed-water and other high pressure water applications, which was awarded Top Honors in the special pumps category of the 1982 Chemical processing Vaaler competition, because the simple design with turbine, pump and controls combined in an integral unit provides high operating efficiency and reliable performance with minimal maintenance. Single source responsibility for all components when the pump may have to be serviced is another advantage. These features meet the requirements for boiler feed pumps that are critical to maintaining a consistent steam supply in a process plant where downtime can be extremely expensive. The annual cost to operate the pump for 8000 hours is about $100,000, if electricity costs 5 cents/kwh. These pumps can be run for about $30,000 on steam, if natural gas costs $4.00/mcf. Cost savings are $70,000 annually.

Not Available

1982-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Reducing biosolids disposal costs using land application in forested areas  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Switching biosolids land application from a reclamation site to a forested site significantly reduced the cost of biosolids disposal at the Savannah River Site. Previous beneficial reuse programs focused on reclamation of existing borrow pits. While extremely beneficial, this program became very costly due to the regulatory requirements for groundwater monitoring, soil monitoring and frequent biosolids analyses. A new program was developed to reuse biosolids in forested areas where the biosolids could be used as a soil conditioner and fertilizer to enhance timber yield. The forested land application site was designed so that groundwater monitoring and soil monitoring could be eliminated while biosolids monitoring and site maintenance were minimized. Monitoring costs alone were reduced by 80%. Capital costs for site preparation were also significantly reduced since there was no longer a need for expensive groundwater monitoring wells.

Huffines, R.L.

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

Robust Cost Colorings Takuro Fukunaga  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Robust Cost Colorings Takuro Fukunaga Magn´us M. Halld´orsson Hiroshi Nagamochi Abstract We consider graph coloring problems where the cost of a coloring is the sum of the costs of the colors, and the cost of a color is a monotone concave function of the total weight of the class. This models resource

Halldórsson, Magnús M.

400

Cost Estimates for New Molecules  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Cost Estimates for New Molecules ... Once this has been carried out, the projected cost/kilogram for the new drug substance (if only raw material costs and no manufacturing/overhead/labour costs are considered) may well come down by a factor of 10 or even 100, and this is often more acceptable to management trying to make strategic decisions about potential profitability. ...

Trevor Laird

2005-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "minimize delivered cost" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Cost Sharing Why and How  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cost Sharing Why and How Trudy M. Riley Assistant Provost, Research Administration Susan M. Tkachick Sponsored Research Accountant $ Research Office #12;Research Office AGENDA What is Cost Sharing Why Cost Share What is Allowable Managing Cost Sharing during the life of the project What happens

Firestone, Jeremy

402

7 - Cost-Efficiency Evaluation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The purpose of cost-efficiency evaluations is to make the connection between cost and outcomes. Using methods like cost-benefit analysis and cost-effective analysis, this allows evaluators to provide the most complete information. The information may be used to make better decisions about implementation or continuing a program.

Gennaro F. Vito; George E. Higgins

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

Cost Estimating, Analysis, and Standardization  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

To establish policy and responsibilities for: (a) developing and reviewing project cost estimates; (b) preparing independent cost estimates and analysis; (c) standardizing cost estimating procedures; and (d) improving overall cost estimating and analytical techniques, cost data bases, cost and economic escalation models, and cost estimating systems. Cancels DOE O 5700.2B, dated 8-5-1983; DOE O 5700.8, dated 5-27-1981; and HQ 1130.1A, dated 12-30-1981. Canceled by DOE O 5700.2D, dated 6-12-1992

1984-11-02T23:59:59.000Z

404

Facilitating Sound, Cost-Effective Federal Energy Management (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This fact sheet is an overview of the U.S. Department of Energy's Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP). The Federal Government, as the nation's largest energy consumer, has a tremendous opportunity and acknowledged responsibility to lead by example. The U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) plays a critical role in this effort. FEMP facilitates the Federal Government's implementation of sound, cost-effective energy management and investment practices to enhance the nation's energy security and environmental stewardship. FEMP does this by focusing on the needs of its Federal customers, delivering an array of services across a variety of program areas.

Not Available

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Hydrogen as a transportation fuel: Costs and benefits  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Hydrogen fuel and vehicles are assessed and compared to other alternative fuels and vehicles. The cost, efficiency, and emissions of hydrogen storage, delivery, and use in hybrid-electric vehicles (HEVs) are estimated. Hydrogen made thermochemically from natural gas and electrolytically from a range of electricity mixes is examined. Hydrogen produced at central plants and delivered by truck is compared to hydrogen produced on-site at filling stations, fleet refueling centers, and residences. The impacts of hydrogen HEVs, fueled using these pathways, are compared to ultra-low emissions gasoline internal-combustion-engine vehicles (ICEVs), advanced battery-powered electric vehicles (BPEVs), and HEVs using gasoline or natural gas.

Berry, G.D.

1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Cost Study Manual | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Cost Study Manual Cost Study Manual Update 62912. Memo regarding Cost Study Manual Cost Study Manual More Documents & Publications Policy Flash 2013-62 Acquisition Letter 09 -...

407

Free Parameters and Frameworks in Minimal Supersymmetry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

405 Appendix A Free Parameters and Frameworks in Minimal Supersymmetry It is useful to discuss what the various schemes that exist for reducing the set of free parameters to a manageable number. The information, and so is fixed by experiment. The free parameters consist mainly of the coe#cients of the ``soft

California at Berkeley, University of

408

Free Parameters and Frameworks in Minimal Supersymmetry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

405 Appendix A Free Parameters and Frameworks in Minimal Supersymmetry It is useful to discuss what the various schemes that exist for reducing the set of free parameters to a manageable number. The information, and so is fixed by experiment. The free parameters consist mainly of the coefficients of the "soft

California at Berkeley, University of

409

Minimizing incomplete automata Marie-Pierre Beal  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Minimizing incomplete automata Marie-Pierre B´eal Maxime Crochemore March 17, 2008 Abstract We-Monge, 77454 Marne-la-Vall´ee Cedex 2, France. beal@univ-mlv.fr King's College London, Strand, London WC2R 2LS

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

410

Minimizing local automata Marie-Pierre Beal  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Minimizing local automata Marie-Pierre B´eal Institut Gaspard-Monge University of Marne-la-Vall´ee, CNRS 77454 Marne-la-Vall´ee Cedex 2, France beal@univ-mlv.fr Maxime Crochemore Institut Gaspard

Boyer, Edmond

411

Department of Energy Delivers on R&D Targets around Cellulosic...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

advances required to produce cellulosic ethanol that is cost competitive with petroleum. Cellulosic ethanol is fuel produced from the inedible, organic material abundant in...

412

Department of Energy Delivers on R&D Targets around Cellulosic...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

cost of 2.05 per gallon. Biochemical Waterfall Chart of Minimum Ethanol Selling Price (in 2007 dollars per gallon). Major improvements included improving the following:...

413

PPPL delivers a plasma source that will enable high-power beam pulses in a  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

delivers a plasma source that will enable high-power beam pulses in a delivers a plasma source that will enable high-power beam pulses in a new Berkeley Lab accelerator March 19, 2012 Tweet Widget Facebook Like Google Plus One Erik Gilson with a copper-clad module and chamber for testing the units. (Photo by Elle Starkman, PPPL Office of Communications) Erik Gilson with a copper-clad module and chamber for testing the units. Gallery: Interior views of a plasma-source module. (Photo by Elle Starkman, PPPL Office of Communications) Interior views of a plasma-source module. Technician aligns plasma source with NDCX-II accelerator in background. (Photo by Elle Starkman, PPPL Office of Communications) Technician aligns plasma source with NDCX-II accelerator in background. Plainsboro, New Jersey - Scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy's

414

Analyses of tipple and delivered samples of coal collected during fiscal year 1985  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This Department of Energy (DOE) publication updates a series of Topical Reports (formerly ''Reports of Investigation'') on the quality of coal purchases under specifications for government use. Listed in alphabetical order by state, county, town, and mine are analytical data on the composition and quality of tipple and delivered samples of coal collected during the fiscal year 1985. Tipple samples were collected by certified commercial laboratories in accordance with instructions given by the Analytical Research Branch (ARB), Coal Science Division (CSD). The delivered samples were collected at destination by installation personnel, and all samples were analyzed under the supervision of the DOE-CSD located at the Pittsburgh Energy Technology Center (PETC), Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, or the US Army General Material and Petroleum Activity Laboratory, located at New Cumberland, Pennsylvania.

Schultz, H.; Retcofsky, H.L.; Davis, L.R.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

Market-Oriented Cloud Computing: Vision, Hype, and Reality for Delivering IT Services as Computing Utilities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This keynote paper: presents a 21st century vision of computing; identifies various computing paradigms promising to deliver the vision of computing utilities; defines Cloud computing and provides the architecture for creating market-oriented Clouds by leveraging technologies such as VMs; provides thoughts on market-based resource management strategies that encompass both customer-driven service management and computational risk management to sustain SLA-oriented resource allocation; presents some representative Cloud platforms especially those developed in industries along with our current work towards realising market-oriented resource allocation of Clouds by leveraging the 3rd generation Aneka enterprise Grid technology; reveals our early thoughts on interconnecting Clouds for dynamically creating an atmospheric computing environment along with pointers to future community research; and concludes with the need for convergence of competing IT paradigms for delivering our 21st century vision.

Buyya, Rajkumar; Venugopal, Srikumar

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

Cost analysis for high-volume and long-haul transportation of densified biomass feedstock  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Using densified biomass to produce biofuels has the potential to reduce the cost of delivering biomass to biorefineries. Densified biomass has physical properties similar to grain, and therefore, the transportation system in support of delivering densified biomass to a biorenery is expected to emulate the current grain transportation system. By analyzing transportation costs for products like grain and woodchips, this paper identifies the main factors that impact the delivery cost of densified biomass and quantifies those factors’ impact on transportation costs. This paper provides a transportation-cost analysis which will aid the design and management of biofuel supply chains. This evaluation is very important because the expensive logistics and transportation costs are one of the major barriers slowing development in this industry. Regression analysis indicates that transportation costs for densified biomass will be impacted by transportation distance, volume shipped, transportation mode used, and shipment destination, just to name a few. Since biomass production is concentrated in the Midwestern United States, a biorefinery’s shipments will probably come from that region. For shipments from the Midwest to the Southeast US, barge transportation, if available, is the least expensive transportation mode. If barge is not available, then unit trains are the least expensive mode for distances longer than 161 km (100 miles). For shipments from the Midwest to the West US, unit trains are the least expensive transportation mode for distances over 338 km (210 miles). For shorter distances, truck is the least expensive transportation mode for densified biomass.

Daniela Gonzales; Erin M. Searcy; Sandra D. Ek?io?lu

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

costs | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

7 7 Varnish cache server costs Dataset Summary Description This dataset represents a historical repository of all the numerical data from the smartgrid.gov website condensed into spreadsheets to enable analysis of the data. Below are a couple of things worth noting: Source Smartgrid.gov Date Released March 04th, 2013 (11 months ago) Date Updated March 04th, 2013 (11 months ago) Keywords AMI costs distribution smart grid transmission Data application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.spreadsheetml.sheet icon SmartGrid.gov Quarterly Data Summary 4Q12 (xlsx, 112.1 KiB) application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.spreadsheetml.sheet icon SmartGrid.gov Quarterly Data Summary 3Q12 (xlsx, 107.9 KiB) application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.spreadsheetml.sheet icon SmartGrid.gov Quarterly Data Summary 2Q12 (xlsx, 111.9 KiB)

418

Residential photovoltaic systems costs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A study of costs associated with the installation and operation of a residential photovoltaic system has been conducted to determine present and projected (1986) status. As a basis for the study, a residential photovoltaic system design projected for 1986 was assumed, consisting of two principal components: a roof-mounted array and a utility-interactive inverter. The scope of the study encompassed both silicon and cadmium sulfide photovoltaic modules. Cost estimates were obtained by a survey and study of reports generated by companies and agencies presently active in each of the subsystem area. Where necessary, supplemental estimates were established as part of this study. The range of estimates for silicon-based systems strongly suggest that such systems will be competitive for new installations and reasonably competitive for retrofit applications. The cadmium-sulfide-based system cost estimates, which are less certain than those for silicon, indicate that these systems will be marginally competitive with silicon-based systems for new construction, but not competitive for retrofit applications. Significant variations from the DOE system price sub-goals were found, however, particularly in the areas of array mounting, wiring and cleaning. Additional development work appears needed in these areas.

Cox, C.H. III

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Abstract --This paper describes a practical technique for the opti-mal scheduling of control dominated systems minimizing the weighted  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abstract -- This paper describes a practical technique for the opti- mal scheduling of control is cru- cial for control dependent scheduling to accommodate practical archi- tectural goals. In contrast ­ to the exclusion of all other costs. A scheduler minimizing every control path separately may miss operation

California at Santa Barbara, University of

420

Energy Minimization Accelerated with FPGAs Thesis submitted in partial fulfillment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

implementation for that part of the computation. iv #12;Contents 1 Introduction 1 1.1 What is Energy Minimization between Energy Minimization and Molecular Dynamics . . . . 7 2.3 Content of Energy Minimization Terms' & $ % Energy Minimization Accelerated with FPGAs Huaxin Dai Thesis submitted in partial

Herbordt, Martin

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "minimize delivered cost" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Renewable build-up pathways for the US: Generation costs are not system costs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The transition to a future electricity system based primarily on wind and solar PV is examined for all regions in the contiguous US. We present optimized pathways for the build-up of wind and solar power for least backup energy needs as well as for least cost obtained with a simplified, lightweight model based on long-term high resolution weather-determined generation data. In the absence of storage, the pathway which achieves the best match of generation and load, thus resulting in the least backup energy requirements, generally favors a combination of both technologies, with a wind/solar PV energy mix of about 80/20 in a fully renewable scenario. The least cost development is seen to start with 100% of the technology with the lowest average generation costs first, but with increasing renewable installations, economically unfavorable excess generation pushes it toward the minimal backup pathway. Surplus generation and the entailed costs can be reduced significantly by combining wind and solar power, and/or a...

Becker, Sarah; Andresen, Gorm B; Jacobson, Mark Z; Schramm, Stefan; Greiner, Martin

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Guide to Minimizing Compress-based Cooling  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Guide to Minimizing Guide to Minimizing Compressor-based Cooling in Data Centers Prepared for the U.S. Department of Energy Federal Energy Management Program By: Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Author: William Tschudi May 2013 2 Contacts William Tschudi Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory One Cyclotron Road, 90R3111 Berkeley, California 94720 510-495-2417 wftschudi@lbl.gov For more information on FEMP, please contact: Will Lintner, P.E. Federal Energy Management Program U.S. Department of Energy 1000 Independence Ave. S.W. Washington, D. C. 20585-0121 202.586.3120 william.lintner@ee.doe.gov Cover photo: Center for Disease Control and Prevention's Arlen Specter Headquarters and Operations Center reached LEED Silver rating through sustainable design and operations that decrease energy consumption by 20%

423

Waste Minimization: A Hidden Energy Savings?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

WASTE MINIMIZATION: A HIDDEN ENERGY SAVINGS? R. 1. GOOD Principal Engineer, Environmental Protection and Energy Union Carbide Chemicals & Plastics Company, Inc. Seadrift, Texas ABSTRACT Several changes in the last few years have forced a re...-examination of waste generation within the petro chemical industry. In today's political/regulatory arena, industrial waste, both hazardous and non hazardous, has become an extreme potential liability in handling, storing, and disposal. Traditional methods...

Good, R. L.; Hunt, K. E.

424

Apply process integration to waste minimization  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This article presents a systematic method for identifying process modifications to minimize waste generation. It is based on the hierarchical decision procedure, which provides a framework for identifying process improvement options and evaluating heat and mass integration opportunities. The article deals specifically with an adaptation of the hierarchical decision approach for use in pollution abatement applications. The article also illustrates the use of the technique by applying it to the fluid catalytic cracking unit at Amoco Oil Co.'s Yorktown, VA, refinery.

Rossiter, A.P.; Spriggs, H.D. (Linnhoff March, Inc., Leesburg, VA (United States)); Klee, H. Jr. (Amoco Corp., Chicago, IL (United States))

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program Record 13013: Hydrogen Delivery Cost Projections - 2013  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

3013 Date: September 26, 2013 3013 Date: September 26, 2013 Title: H 2 Delivery Cost Projections - 2013 Originator: E. Sutherland, A. Elgowainy and S. Dillich Approved by: R. Farmer and S. Satyapal Date: December 18, 2013 Item: Reported herein are past 2005 and 2011 estimates, current 2013 estimates, 2020 projected cost estimates and the 2015 and 2020 target costs for delivering and dispensing (untaxed) H 2 to 10%- 15% of vehicles within a city population of 1.2M from a centralized H 2 production plant located 100 km from the city gate. The 2011 volume cost estimates are based on the H2A Hydrogen Delivery Scenario Analysis Model (HDSAM) V2.3 projections and are employed as the basis for defining the cost and technical targets of delivery components in Table 3.2.4 in the 2012 Delivery

426

Low Cost Radio Telescope  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A radio interferometer has been constructed at Haverford College as an aid to learning the fundamentals of radio astronomy. Its cost both in cash outlay and in construction time make it a feasible year-long project for an undergraduate. Its simplicity does not prevent it from being a useful instrument for instruction at the college or high-school level; among its capabilities are the measurement of the positions of at least four of the strongest discrete cosmic-noisesources and the diameter of the radio sun.

Joseph H. Taylor Jr.

1964-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

Cost and quality of fuels for electric utility plants 1991  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Data for 1991 and 1990 receipts and costs for fossil fuels discussed in the Executive Summary are displayed in Tables ES1 through ES7. These data are for electric generating plants with a total steam-electric and combined-cycle nameplate capacity of 50 or more megawatts. Data presented in the Executive Summary on generation, consumption, and stocks of fossil fuels at electric utilities are based on data collected on the Energy Information Administration, Form EIA-759, ``Monthly Power Plant Report.`` These data cover all electric generating plants. The average delivered cost of coal, petroleum, and gas each decreased in 1991 from 1990 levels. Overall, the average annual cost of fossil fuels delivered to electric utilities in 1991 was $1.60 per million Btu, a decrease of $0.09 per million Btu from 1990. This was the lowest average annual cost since 1978 and was the result of the abundant supply of coal, petroleum, and gas available to electric utilities. US net generation of electricity by all electric utilities in 1991 increased by less than I percent--the smallest increase since the decline that occurred in 1982.3 Coal and gas-fired steam net generation, each, decreased by less than I percent and petroleum-fired steam net generation by nearly 5 percent. Nuclear-powered net generation, however, increased by 6 percent. Fossil fuels accounted for 68 percent of all generation; nuclear, 22 percent; and hydroelectric, 10 percent. Sales of electricity to ultimate consumers in 1991 were 2 percent higher than during 1990.

Not Available

1992-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

428

Cost and quality of fuels for electric utility plants 1991  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Data for 1991 and 1990 receipts and costs for fossil fuels discussed in the Executive Summary are displayed in Tables ES1 through ES7. These data are for electric generating plants with a total steam-electric and combined-cycle nameplate capacity of 50 or more megawatts. Data presented in the Executive Summary on generation, consumption, and stocks of fossil fuels at electric utilities are based on data collected on the Energy Information Administration, Form EIA-759, Monthly Power Plant Report.'' These data cover all electric generating plants. The average delivered cost of coal, petroleum, and gas each decreased in 1991 from 1990 levels. Overall, the average annual cost of fossil fuels delivered to electric utilities in 1991 was $1.60 per million Btu, a decrease of $0.09 per million Btu from 1990. This was the lowest average annual cost since 1978 and was the result of the abundant supply of coal, petroleum, and gas available to electric utilities. US net generation of electricity by all electric utilities in 1991 increased by less than I percent--the smallest increase since the decline that occurred in 1982.3 Coal and gas-fired steam net generation, each, decreased by less than I percent and petroleum-fired steam net generation by nearly 5 percent. Nuclear-powered net generation, however, increased by 6 percent. Fossil fuels accounted for 68 percent of all generation; nuclear, 22 percent; and hydroelectric, 10 percent. Sales of electricity to ultimate consumers in 1991 were 2 percent higher than during 1990.

Not Available

1992-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

429

Wind Integration Cost and Cost-Causation: Preprint  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The question of wind integration cost has received much attention in the past several years. The methodological challenges to calculating integration costs are discussed in this paper. There are other sources of integration cost unrelated to wind energy. A performance-based approach would be technology neutral, and would provide price signals for all technology types. However, it is difficult to correctly formulate such an approach. Determining what is and is not an integration cost is challenging. Another problem is the allocation of system costs to one source. Because of significant nonlinearities, this can prove to be impossible to determine in an accurate and objective way.

Milligan, M.; Kirby, B.; Holttinen, H.; Kiviluoma, J.; Estanqueiro, A.; Martin-Martinez, S.; Gomez-Lazaro, E.; Peneda, I.; Smith, C.

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Reducing LED Costs Through Innovation  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

A Wisconsin-based company is developing an innovative way to reduce manufacturing costs of light-emitting diodes (LEDs).

431

High Fuel Costs Spark Increased Use of Wood for Home Heating by Brian Handwerk for National Geographic News  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

families reducing their costly household oil or gas dependence by turning to a traditional fuel is typically delivered to homes in tanks, and is almost as expensive as heating oil. Berry manages the EIA Hampshire. Just last week, Erik said, he had a discussion with his fuel-oil supplier about how little oil

South Bohemia, University of

432

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ENERGY CONVERSION, VOL. 19, NO. 1, MARCH 2004 151 Production Cost Analysis of Dispersed Generation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ENERGY CONVERSION, VOL. 19, NO. 1, MARCH 2004 151 Production Cost Analysis for electric utilities to build a few large central power stations and then deliver that energy through, NSF, and the Grainger Foundation. Y. Lin is with the GE Power Systems Energy Consulting Group

Gross, George

433

Cost Effectiveness NW Energy Coalition  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Action 8 Cost Effectiveness Manual Kim Drury NW Energy Coalition Context · Inconsistent understanding of cost effectiveness contributed to under performing conservation E.g: individual measures vs at end of 2009 #12;2 The thinking was . . . That a Cost Effectiveness Guide could: · Increase regionally

434

The cost of a bodyguard  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...research-article Animal behaviour 1001 60 70 14 The cost of a bodyguard Fanny Maure 1 2 * Jacques...benefits of host manipulation and their costs to fitness-related traits, such as longevity...study provides the first evidence of a cost required for manipulating host behaviour...

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

Check Estimates and Independent Costs  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

Check estimates and independent cost estimates (ICEs) are tools that can be used to validate a cost estimate. Estimate validation entails an objective review of the estimate to ensure that estimate criteria and requirements have been met and well documented, defensible estimate has been developed. This chapter describes check estimates and their procedures and various types of independent cost estimates.

1997-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

436

ROC curves in cost space  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

ROC curves and cost curves are two popular ways of visualising classifier performance, finding appropriate thresholds according to the operating condition, and deriving useful aggregated measures such as the area under the ROC curve (AUC) or ... Keywords: Area Under the ROC Curve (AUC), Cost curves, Cost-sensitive evaluation, Kendall tau distance, Operating condition, ROC curves, Ranking performance

José Hernández-Orallo; Peter Flach; César Ferri

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

Historical pipeline construction cost analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study aims to provide a reference for the pipeline construction cost, by analysing individual pipeline cost components with historical pipeline cost data. Cost data of 412 pipelines recorded between 1992 and 2008 in the Oil and Gas Journal are collected and adjusted to 2008 dollars with the chemical engineering plant cost index (CEPCI). The distribution and share of these 412 pipeline cost components are assessed based on pipeline diameter, pipeline length, pipeline capacity, the year of completion, locations of pipelines. The share of material and labour cost dominates the pipeline construction cost, which is about 71% of the total cost. In addition, the learning curve analysis is conducted to attain learning rate with respect to pipeline material and labour costs for different groups. Results show that learning rate and construction cost are varied by pipeline diameters, pipeline lengths, locations of pipelines and other factors. This study also investigates the causes of pipeline construction cost differences among different groups. [Received: October 13, 2010; Accepted: December 20, 2010

Zhenhua Rui; Paul A. Metz; Doug B. Reynolds; Gang Chen; Xiyu Zhou

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

Research and Development of a Low Cost Solar Collector  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This is a Final Technical Report on the Research and Development completed towards the development of a Low Cost Solar Collector conducted under the DOE cost-sharing award EE-0003591. The objective of this project was to develop a new class of solar concentrators with geometries and manufacturability that could significantly reduce the fully installed cost of the solar collector field for concentrated solar thermal power plants. The goal of the project was to achieve an aggressive cost target of $170/m2, a reduction of up to 50% in the total installed cost of a solar collector field as measured against the current industry benchmark of a conventional parabolic trough. The project plan, and the detailed activities conducted under the scope of the DOE Award project addressed all major drivers that affect solar collector costs. In addition to costs, the study also focused on evaluating technical performance of new collector architectures and compared them to the performance of the industry benchmark parabolic trough. The most notable accomplishment of this DOE award was the delivery of a full-scale integrated design, manufacturing and field installation solution for a new class of solar collector architecture which has been classified as the Bi-Planar Fresnel Collector (BPFC) and may be considered as a viable alternative to the conventional parabolic trough, as well as the conventional Fresnel collectors. This was in part accomplished through the design and development, all the way through fabrication and test validation of a new class of Linear Planar Fresnel Collector architecture. This architecture offers a number of key differentiating features which include a planar light-weight frame geometry with small mass-manufacturable elements utilizing flat mirror sections. The designs shows significant promise in reducing the material costs, fabrication costs, shipping costs, and on-site field installation costs compared to the benchmark parabolic trough, as well as the conventional Fresnel collector. The noteworthy design features of the BPFC architecture include the use of relatively cheaper flat mirrors and a design which allows the mirror support beam sections to act as load-bearing structural elements resulting in more than a 36% reduction in the overall structural weight compared to an optimized parabolic trough. Also, it was shown that the utilization of small mass-produced elements significantly lowers mass-production and logistics costs that can more quickly deliver economies of scale, even for smaller installations while also reducing shipping and installation costs. Moreover, unlike the traditional Fresnel trough the BPFC architecture does not require complex articulating drive mechanisms but instead utilizes a standard parabolic trough hydraulic drive mechanism. In addition to the development of the Bi-Planar Fresnel Collector, an optimized conventional space-frame type parabolic trough was also designed, built, analyzed and field-tested during the first phase of this award. The design of the conventional space-frame parabolic collector was refined with extensive FEA and CFD analysis to reduce material costs and re-designed for simpler fabrication and more accurate lower-cost field assembly. This optimized parabolic trough represented an improvement over the state-of-the art of the traditional parabolic trough architecture and also served as a more rigorous and less subjective benchmark that was used for comparison of new candidate design architectures. The results of the expanded 1st phase of the DOE award project showed that both the Optimized Parabolic Trough and the new Bi-Planar Fresnel Collector design concepts failed to meet the primary objectives for the project of achieving a 50% cost reduction from the industry reference total installed cost of $350/m2. Results showed that the BPFC came in at projected total installed cost of $237/m2 representing a 32% savings compared to the industry benchmark conventional parabolic trough. And the cost reduction obtained by the Optimized Parabolic Trough compared to the

Ansari, Asif; Philip, Lee; Thouppuarachchi, Chirath

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

COST SHARING Cost sharing is the portion of total project costs of a sponsored agreement that is not bourn by  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 COST SHARING Cost sharing is the portion of total project costs of a sponsored agreement. There are primarily three types of cost sharing that may occur on sponsored projects: Mandatory cost sharing. For example, the National Science Foundation requires mandatory cost sharing for some of its projects. COST

Cui, Yan

440

17.2 - Cost Participation  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

17.2 (June 2004) 17.2 (June 2004) 1 Cost Participation [Reference: FAR 35.003(b), DEAR 917.70] Overview This section discusses DOE treatment of cost participation by organizations performing research, development, and demonstration projects under DOE prime contracts. This section does not cover efforts and projects performed for DOE by other Federal agencies. Background Cost participation is a generic term denoting any situation where the Government does not fully reimburse the contractor for all allowable costs necessary to accomplish the project or effort under the contract. The term includes, but is not limited to: * Cost Sharing * Cost Matching * Cost Limitation, which may be direct or indirect * Participation in-kind

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "minimize delivered cost" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Realistic costs of carbon capture  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

There is a growing interest in carbon capture and storage (CCS) as a means of reducing carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions. However there are substantial uncertainties about the costs of CCS. Costs for pre-combustion capture with compression (i.e. excluding costs of transport and storage and any revenue from EOR associated with storage) are examined in this discussion paper for First-of-a-Kind (FOAK) plant and for more mature technologies, or Nth-of-a-Kind plant (NOAK). For FOAK plant using solid fuels the levelised cost of electricity on a 2008 basis is approximately 10 cents/kWh higher with capture than for conventional plants (with a range of 8-12 cents/kWh). Costs of abatement are found typically to be approximately US$150/tCO2 avoided (with a range of US$120-180/tCO2 avoided). For NOAK plants the additional cost of electricity with capture is approximately 2-5 cents/kWh, with costs of the range of US$35-70/tCO2 avoided. Costs of abatement with carbon capture for other fuels and technologies are also estimated for NOAK plants. The costs of abatement are calculated with reference to conventional SCPC plant for both emissions and costs of electricity. Estimates for both FOAK and NOAK are mainly based on cost data from 2008, which was at the end of a period of sustained escalation in the costs of power generation plant and other large capital projects. There are now indications of costs falling from these levels. This may reduce the costs of abatement and costs presented here may be 'peak of the market' estimates. If general cost levels return, for example, to those prevailing in 2005 to 2006 (by which time significant cost escalation had already occurred from previous levels), then costs of capture and compression for FOAK plants are expected to be US$110/tCO2 avoided (with a range of US$90-135/tCO2 avoided). For NOAK plants costs are expected to be US$25-50/tCO2. Based on these considerations a likely representative range of costs of abatement from CCS excluding transport and storage costs appears to be US$100-150/tCO2 for first-of-a-kind plants and perhaps US$30-50/tCO2 for nth-of-a-kind plants.The estimates for FOAK and NOAK costs appear to be broadly consistent in the light of estimates of the potential for cost reductions with increased experience. Cost reductions are expected from increasing scale, learning on individual components, and technological innovation including improved plant integration. Innovation and integration can both lower costs and increase net output with a given cost base. These factors are expected to reduce abatement costs by approximately 65% by 2030. The range of estimated costs for NOAK plants is within the range of plausible future carbon prices, implying that mature technology would be competitive with conventional fossil fuel plants at prevailing carbon prices.

Al Juaied, Mohammed (Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA (US). Belfer Center for Science and International Affiaris); Whitmore, Adam (Hydrogen Energy International Ltd., Weybridge (GB))

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Heliostat cost-analysis tool  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Estimated production costs of solar energy systems serve as guides for future component development and as measures of the potential economic viability of the technologies. The analysis of heliostat costs is particularly important since the heliostat field is the largest cost component of a solar central receiver plant. A heliostat cost analysis tool (HELCAT) that processes manufacturing, transportation, and installation cost data has been developed to provide a consistent structure for cost analyses. HELCAT calculates a representative product price based on direct input data (e.g. direct materials, direct labor, capital requirements) and various economic, financial, and accounting assumptions. The characteristics of this tool and its initial application in the evaluation of second generation heliostat cost estimates are discussed. A set of nominal economic and financial parameters is also suggested.

Brandt, L.D.; Chang, R.E.

1981-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Fusion Algebras of Logarithmic Minimal Models  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present explicit conjectures for the chiral fusion algebras of the logarithmic minimal models LM(p,p') considering Virasoro representations with no enlarged or extended symmetry algebra. The generators of fusion are countably infinite in number but the ensuing fusion rules are quasi-rational in the sense that the fusion of a finite number of representations decomposes into a finite direct sum of representations. The fusion rules are commutative, associative and exhibit an sl(2) structure but require so-called Kac representations which are reducible yet indecomposable representations of rank 1. In particular, the identity of the fundamental fusion algebra is in general a reducible yet indecomposable Kac representation of rank 1. We make detailed comparisons of our fusion rules with the results of Gaberdiel and Kausch for p=1 and with Eberle and Flohr for (p,p')=(2,5) corresponding to the logarithmic Yang-Lee model. In the latter case, we confirm the appearance of indecomposable representations of rank 3. We also find that closure of a fundamental fusion algebra is achieved without the introduction of indecomposable representations of rank higher than 3. The conjectured fusion rules are supported, within our lattice approach, by extensive numerical studies of the associated integrable lattice models. Details of our lattice findings and numerical results will be presented elsewhere. The agreement of our fusion rules with the previous fusion rules lends considerable support for the identification of the logarithmic minimal models LM(p,p') with the augmented c_{p,p'} (minimal) models defined algebraically.

Jorgen Rasmussen; Paul A. Pearce

2007-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

444

"Table 20. Total Delivered Transportation Energy Consumption, Projected vs. Actual"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Total Delivered Transportation Energy Consumption, Projected vs. Actual" Total Delivered Transportation Energy Consumption, Projected vs. Actual" "Projected" " (quadrillion Btu)" ,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010,2011 "AEO 1994",23.62,24.08,24.45,24.72,25.06,25.38,25.74,26.16,26.49,26.85,27.23,27.55,27.91,28.26,28.61,28.92,29.18,29.5 "AEO 1995",,23.26,24.01,24.18,24.69,25.11,25.5,25.86,26.15,26.5,26.88,27.28,27.66,27.99,28.25,28.51,28.72,28.94 "AEO 1996",,,23.89674759,24.08507919,24.47502899,24.84881783,25.25887871,25.65527534,26.040205,26.38586426,26.72540092,27.0748024,27.47158241,27.80837631,28.11616135,28.3992157,28.62907982,28.85912895,29.09081459 "AEO 1997",,,,24.68686867,25.34906006,25.87225533,26.437994,27.03513145,27.52499771,27.96490097,28.45482063,28.92999458,29.38239861,29.84147453,30.26097488,30.59760475,30.85550499,31.10873222,31.31938744

445

"Table 19. Total Delivered Industrial Energy Consumption, Projected vs. Actual"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Total Delivered Industrial Energy Consumption, Projected vs. Actual" Total Delivered Industrial Energy Consumption, Projected vs. Actual" "Projected" " (quadrillion Btu)" ,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010,2011 "AEO 1994",25.43,25.904,26.303,26.659,26.974,27.062,26.755,26.598,26.908,27.228,27.668,28.068,28.348,28.668,29.068,29.398,29.688,30.008 "AEO 1995",,26.164,26.293,26.499,27.044,27.252,26.855,26.578,26.798,27.098,27.458,27.878,28.158,28.448,28.728,29.038,29.298,29.608 "AEO 1996",,,26.54702756,26.62236823,27.31312376,27.47668697,26.90313339,26.47577946,26.67685979,26.928811,27.23795407,27.58448499,27.91057103,28.15050595,28.30145734,28.518,28.73702901,28.93001263,29.15872662 "AEO 1997",,,,26.21291769,26.45981795,26.88483478,26.67847443,26.55107968,26.78246968,27.07367604,27.44749539,27.75711339,28.02446072,28.39156621,28.69999783,28.87316602,29.01207631,29.19475644,29.37683575

446

Investigation of user complaints of sound masking delivered from underfloor air distribution grilles.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A LEED?Gold certified government building includes six floors of open?plan office space that are equipped with electronic sound masking delivered from a raised floor having under?floor air distribution (UFAD). Results of user polling show mixed results for acoustic satisfaction with significant complaints about speech privacy and noise from the systems interfering with users’ ability to work. This research focuses on this dissatisfaction the general conflict between speech privacy ease of verbal communication and acceptance of noise?generating treatments. Little research has been done on masking delivered via UFAD so it was also desired to further the understanding of this design as part of a larger research program by the Federal government on Green Buildings. Specific objectives were to develop and test possible remedies for this system and improve planning of future facilities that may have masking via UFAD. On?site measurements of masking and HVAC spectra as well as noise reduction and observations for various conditions were made. Post?measurement data analysis was conducted and experimental remedies were developed and tested. The results and recommendations will be presented.

Mark Rogers

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

"Table 18. Total Delivered Commercial Energy Consumption, Projected vs. Actual"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Total Delivered Commercial Energy Consumption, Projected vs. Actual" Total Delivered Commercial Energy Consumption, Projected vs. Actual" "Projected" " (quadrillion Btu)" ,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010,2011 "AEO 1994",6.82,6.87,6.94,7,7.06,7.13,7.16,7.22,7.27,7.32,7.36,7.38,7.41,7.45,7.47,7.5,7.51,7.55 "AEO 1995",,6.94,6.9,6.95,6.99,7.02,7.05,7.08,7.09,7.11,7.13,7.15,7.17,7.19,7.22,7.26,7.3,7.34 "AEO 1996",,,7.059859276,7.17492485,7.228339195,7.28186655,7.336973667,7.387932777,7.442782879,7.501244545,7.561584473,7.623688221,7.684037209,7.749266148,7.815915108,7.884147644,7.950204372,8.016282082,8.085801125 "AEO 1997",,,,7.401538849,7.353548527,7.420701504,7.48336792,7.540113449,7.603093624,7.663851738,7.723834991,7.783358574,7.838726044,7.89124918,7.947964668,8.008976936,8.067288399,8.130317688,8.197405815

448

Minimal model for spoof acoustoelastic surface states  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Similar to textured perfect electric conductors for electromagnetic waves sustaining artificial or spoof surface plasmons we present an equivalent phenomena for the case of sound. Aided by a minimal model that is able to capture the complex wave interaction of elastic cavity modes and airborne sound radiation in perfect rigid panels, we construct designer acoustoelastic surface waves that are entirely controlled by the geometrical environment. Comparisons to results obtained by full-wave simulations confirm the feasibility of the model and we demonstrate illustrative examples such as resonant transmissions and waveguiding to show a few examples of many where spoof elastic surface waves are useful.

Christensen, J., E-mail: jochri@fotonik.dtu.dk; Willatzen, M. [Department of Photonics Engineering, Technical University of Denmark, DK-2800 Kgs. Lyngby (Denmark); Liang, Z. [College of Electronic Science and Technology, Shenzhen University, Shenzhen (China)

2014-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

449

Will Nano-Butlers Work for Micro-Payments? Innovation in Business Services Model may Reduce Cost of Delivering Global Healthcare Services  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper represents an emerging view of personalized care and patient-centric systems approach. It integrates biomedical informatics and business services. A potentially innovative model may evolve from this convergence ...

Datta, Shoumen

2008-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

450

Metal-Cluster-Sensitized Solar Cells. A New Class of Thiolated Gold Sensitizers Delivering Efficiency Greater Than 2%  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A New Class of Thiolated Gold Sensitizers Delivering Efficiency Greater Than 2% ... A new class of metal-cluster sensitizers has been explored for designing high-efficiency solar cells. ... layers, suggesting that even greater photocurrent enhancements may be achievable. ...

Yong-Siou Chen; Hyunbong Choi; Prashant V. Kamat

2013-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

451

Point of impact : delivering mission essential supplies to the warfighter through the Joint Precision Airdrop System (JPADS)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Joint Precision Airdrop System (JPADS) exists to execute logistical resupply operations using fixed and rotary wing air in a safe, effective and precise manner in order to deliver supplies and equipment to intended ...

Eaton, Joshua A. N. (Joshua Andrew Norman)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Minimal Bell-Kochen-Specker proofs with POVMs on qubits  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

There are many different definitions of what a Bell-Kochen-Specker proof with POVMs might be. Here we present and discuss the minimal proof on qubits for three of these definitions and show that they are indeed minimal.

A. A. Methot

2005-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

453

Minimal Proton Channel Enables H2 Oxidation and Production with...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Minimal Proton Channel Enables H2 Oxidation and Production with a Water-Soluble Nickel-Based Catalyst. Minimal Proton Channel Enables H2 Oxidation and Production with a...

454

Modelling Dynamic Constraints in Electricity Markets and the Costs of Uncertain Wind Output  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

shifts between periods. Finally, higher variable costs, incurred if power stations are operated below their optimal rating, are allocated to the locally lowest de- mand. For inflexible power stations like nuclear, combined cycle gas turbines or coal... the start of the station has to be decided several hours before delivering output. At the earlier time there is still uncertainty about the future demand, possible failures of power stations and predictions for wind-output. We represent the uncertainty...

Musgens, Felix; Neuhoff, Karsten

2006-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

455

Sustainability for the Global Biofuels Industry: Minimizing Risks...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Opportunities Sustainability for the Global Biofuels Industry: Minimizing Risks and Maximizing Opportunities Introduction slides for the webinar describing bioenergy and...

456

LIFE CYCLE COST HANDBOOK Guidance for Life Cycle Cost Estimation...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

of the parts of a cost estimate (those elements not truly independent of each other in terms of their accuracy and expected values), consider evaluating certain elements as...

457

Project Cost Profile Spreadsheet | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Project Cost Profile Spreadsheet Project Cost Profile Spreadsheet Project Cost Profile Spreadsheet.xlsx More Documents & Publications Statement of Work (SOW) Template (Combined...

458

EGov PMA Scorecard Cost, Schedule & Performance Standard...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

EGov PMA Scorecard Cost, Schedule & Performance Standard.tif EGov PMA Scorecard Cost, Schedule & Performance Standard.tif EGov PMA Scorecard Cost, Schedule &...

459

Hydrogen Threshold Cost Calculation | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Hydrogen Threshold Cost Calculation Hydrogen Threshold Cost Calculation DOE Hydrogen Program Record number11007, Hydrogen Threshold Cost Calculation, documents the methodology and...

460

High Energy Cost Grants | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers [EERE]

High Energy Cost Grants High Energy Cost Grants The High Energy Cost Grant Program provides financial assistance for the improvement of energy generation, transmission, and...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "minimize delivered cost" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

An Examination of Avoided Costs in Utah  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Subject An Examination of Avoided Costs in Utah Date Januarystate by seeking changes to the avoided cost tariff paid tomethod of calculating avoided costs that has been officially

Bolinger, Mark; Wiser, Ryan

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

Support minimized inversion of acoustic and elastic wave scattering  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report discusses the following topics on support minimized inversion of acoustic and elastic wave scattering: Minimum support inversion; forward modelling of elastodynamic wave scattering; minimum support linearized acoustic inversion; support minimized nonlinear acoustic inversion without absolute phase; and support minimized nonlinear elastic inversion.

Safaeinili, A.

1994-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

463

What Energy Functions Can Be Minimized via Graph Cuts?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

What Energy Functions Can Be Minimized via Graph Cuts? Vladimir Kolmogorov, Member, IEEE, and Ramin been developed to solve energy minimization problems in computer vision. Each of these techniques constructs a graph such that the minimum cut on the graph also minimizes the energy. Yet, because these graph

Field, David

464

Bottom line: comments on incremental costs in the Massachusetts multi-family passive solar housing program  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As part of its ongoing Passive Solar Multifamily Housing Program, the Office of Energy Resources performs detailed in-house estimates of incremental passive solar and conservation costs. These estimates are part of an iterative design reviewing process and are used to minimize costs while assuring good system performance. The Office of Energy Resources will finance approved energy conservation and passive solar features in over 20 elderly housing projects presently in various stages of design and construction. Experience gained refining cost-effective designs of these projects is discussed. The discussion includes: isolating and analyzing incremental costs, accruing credits for downsized heating systems, and accounting for soft variables such as additional space and architectural amenity. Cost implications of system type, building scale and geometry, and construction details are outlined, and incremental costs for several specific designs are presented in detail. Much of this information should be applicable to design for single-family and commercial buildings, as well as multi-family housing.

Shannon, R.F.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

ALDUO(TM) Algae Cultivation Technology for Delivering Sustainable Omega-3s, Feed, and Fuel  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

* ALDUO(TM) Algae Production Technology Cellana?s Proprietary, Photosynthetic, & Proven * ALDUO(TM) Enables Economic Algae Production Unencumbered by Contamination by Balancing Higher-Cost PBRs with Lower-Cost Open Ponds * ALDUO(TM) Advantages * ALDUO(TM) Today o Large collection of strains for high value co-products o Powerful Mid-scale Screening & Optimization System o Solution to a Conflicting Interest o Split Pond Yield Enhancement o Heterotrophy & mixotrophy as a "finishing step" o CO2 Mitigation-flue Gas Operation o Worldwide Feed Trials with Livestock & Aquatic Species * ALDUO(TM) Technology Summarized

Bai, Xuemei [Cellana LLC

2012-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

466

NETL: News Release - Florida Demo Tames High Sulfur Coal: Delivers Power at  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

March 11, 2005 March 11, 2005 Florida Demo Tames High Sulfur Coal: Delivers Power at Very Low Emissions Shows that New Technology Cuts Pollutants to Fractions of Federal Clean Air Limits JACKSONVILLE, FL - Recent tests with one of the nation's mid- to high-sulfur coals have further verified that a new electric generation technology in its first large-scale utility demonstration here is one of the world's cleanest coal-based power plants. This city's municipal utility JEA logged the achievement at its Northside Generating Station using Illinois No. 6 coal in a 300 megawatt demonstration of circulating fluidized bed (CFB) combustion, which is the largest application yet of the new form in the United States. It almost triples the size of a previous demonstration and scales up the technology to the sizes preferred for adding new plants and replacing old ones, also called repowering.

467

Methamphetamine Delivers ‘One-Two’ Punch to the Brain  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

89 89 Dec. 1, 2001 Methamphetamine Delivers ‘One-Two’ Punch to the Brain Mechanism may knock out brain’s ability to “just say no.” UPTON, NY — A new brain-imaging study at the U.S. Department of Energy’s Brookhaven National Laboratory reveals that, compared with people who don’t use drugs, people who abuse methamphetamine have fewer receptors for dopamine, a brain chemical associated with feelings of reward and pleasure. Furthermore, in the drug abusers, low dopamine receptor levels were linked with reduced metabolic activity in a brain region that regulates motivation and “drive.” “These findings mirror those from a similar Brookhaven study on cocaine abusers, and may help explain why drugs addicts lose control and take drugs compulsively,” said Nora Volkow, the lead researcher. The new results appear in the December issue of the American Journal of Psychiatry.

468

DOE Delivers More than $354 Million for Energy Efficiency and Conservation  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

More than $354 Million for Energy Efficiency and More than $354 Million for Energy Efficiency and Conservation Projects in 22 States DOE Delivers More than $354 Million for Energy Efficiency and Conservation Projects in 22 States September 14, 2009 - 12:00am Addthis Washington, DC - Energy Secretary Steven Chu announced today that more than $354 million in funding from the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act is being awarded to 22 states to support energy efficiency and conservation activities. Under the Department of Energy's Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant (EECBG) program, these states will implement programs that lower energy use, reduce carbon pollution, and create green jobs locally. "This funding will allow states across the country to make major investments in energy solutions that will strengthen America's economy and

469

Geothermal Heat Pumps Deliver Big Savings for Federal Facilities - Technology Focus  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

EE-0291 EE-0291 Internet: www.eere.energy.gov/femp/ No portion of this publication may be altered in any form without prior written consent from the U.S. Department of Energy, Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, and the authoring national laboratory. Geothermal heat pump surface water loops. Geothermal Heat Pumps Deliver Big Savings for Federal Facilities An update on geothermal heat pump technologies and the Super ESPC Energy-efficiency improvements at federal facilities must enhance support for the agency's critical missions while also saving energy and money. Geothermal heat pumps (GHPs, also known as ground-source heat pumps or GeoExchange systems) can do both, and can help meet energy-conservation, emissions-reduction, and renewable-energy goals. GHP technology is now well known as a proven, reliable, efficient, and

470

Download Data | Transparent Cost Database  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

in the database does not represent approval of the estimates by DOE or NREL. Levelized cost calculations DO NOT represent real world market conditions. The calculation uses a...

471

Turfgrass: Maintenance Costs in Texas.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LAW FOR VARIOUS M-AINTENANCE ITEMS BASED ON O\\!'\\'S. ERSHIP AND TYPE OF GRASS WITHIN EACH REGION Maintenance items TY PC Percent Lot size, Region of oz;r- of lawns square Com~osty Fertilizer Chemicals Water Average grass in region feet cost cost... LAW FOR VARIOUS M-AINTENANCE ITEMS BASED ON O\\!'\\'S. ERSHIP AND TYPE OF GRASS WITHIN EACH REGION Maintenance items TY PC Percent Lot size, Region of oz;r- of lawns square Com~osty Fertilizer Chemicals Water Average grass in region feet cost cost...

Holt, Ethan C.; Allen, W. Wayne; Ferguson, Marvin H.

1964-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Reviewing electricity generation cost assessments.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? Studies assessing the electricity generation cost of various power generating technologies are becoming increasingly common and references to such studies can often be heard… (more)

Larsson, Simon

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

Building Life Cycle Cost Programs  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) developed the Building Life Cycle Cost (BLCC) Program to provide computational support for the analysis of capital investments in buildings.

474

Lower Cost Carbon Fiber Precursors  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

performing fiber. (600-750 KSI) Barriers: Addresses the need for higher performance low cost fiber for hydrogen storage tanks and energy management structures of automobiles....

475

Audit Costs for the 1986 Texas Energy Cost Containment Program  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Direct program costs for detailed audits of 13.5 million square feet of institutional building space in the 1986 Texas Energy Cost Containment Program were $0.047/SF. The building area was 63 percent simple (offices, schools, and universities...

Heffington, W. M.; Lum, S. K.; Bauer, V. A.; Turner, W. D.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

Analyzing the Trade-offs Between Minimizing Makespan and Minimizing Energy Consumption in a Heterogeneous Resource Allocation Problem  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Analyzing the Trade-offs Between Minimizing Makespan and Minimizing Energy Consumption@engr.colostate.edu, wcoliver@rams.colostate.edu, HJ@colostate.edu, aam@colostate.edu Abstract--The energy consumption of data their energy consumption while maintaining a high level of performance. Minimizing energy consumption while

Maciejewski, Anthony A.

477

Wormholes minimally violating the null energy condition  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider novel wormhole solutions supported by a matter content that minimally violates the null energy condition. More specifically, we consider an equation of state in which the sum of the energy density and radial pressure is proportional to a constant with a value smaller than that of the inverse area characterising the system, i.e., the area of the wormhole mouth. This approach is motivated by a recently proposed cosmological event, denoted "the little sibling of the big rip", where the Hubble rate and the scale factor blow up but the cosmic derivative of the Hubble rate does not [1]. By using the cut-and-paste approach, we match interior spherically symmetric wormhole solutions to an exterior Schwarzschild geometry, and analyze the stability of the thin-shell to linearized spherically symmetric perturbations around static solutions, by choosing suitable properties for the exotic material residing on the junction interface radius. Furthermore, we also consider an inhomogeneous generalisation of the eq...

Bouhmadi-Lopez, Mariam; Martin-Moruno, Prado

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

Director Joan Ogden delivers new STEPS book to Daimler's Andreas Truckenbrodt.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, including: Vehicle engineering and design · Systems analysis and operations research · Chemical and mechanical engineering · Lifecycle cost and emissions · Markets, sociology and anthropology · Economics aggressive targets for sustainable transportation requires a portfolio approach that combines new vehicle

California at Davis, University of

479

Carbon capture retrofits and the cost of regulatory uncertainty  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Power generation firms confront impending replacement of an aging coal-fired fleet in a business environment characterized by volatile natural gas prices and uncertain carbon regulation. We develop a stochastic dynamic programming model of firm investment decisions that minimizes the expected present value of future power generation costs under uncertain natural gas and carbon prices. We explore the implications of regulatory uncertainty on generation technology choice and the optimal timing of investment, and assess the implications of these choices for regulators. We find that interaction of regulatory uncertainty with irreversible investment always raises the social cost of carbon abatement. Further, the social cost of regulatory uncertainty is strongly dependent on the relative competitiveness of IGCC plants, for which the cost of later carbon capture retrofits is comparatively small, and on the firm's ability to use investments in natural gas generation as a transitional strategy to manage carbon regulation uncertainty. Without highly competitive IGCC or low gas prices, regulatory uncertainty can increase the expected social cost of reducing emissions by 40 to 60%.

Reinelt, P.S.; Keith, D.W. [SUNY College of Fredonia, Fredonia, NY (United States). Dept. of Economics

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

Use of Cost Estimating Relationships  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

Cost Estimating Relationships (CERs) are an important tool in an estimator's kit, and in many cases, they are the only tool. Thus, it is important to understand their limitations and characteristics. This chapter discusses considerations of which the estimator must be aware so the Cost Estimating Relationships can be properly used.

1997-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "minimize delivered cost" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

The future costs of energy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...2002 GDP per capita: Argentina...15 000 in GDP per capita, then a...afford higher energy cost? Or, should we demand OPEC countries...15 000 in GDP per capita, then a...afford higher energy cost? Or, should we demand OPEC countries...

Matthew R. Simmons

482

Hay Harvesting Costs $$$$$ in Texas.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.............. .. ................. 6 LOOSE HAY STACKING ................................... 7 Tractor-Mounted (Front-End Loader) Hay Stacking Equipment .......... .... ............. 8 Fixed Costs ............................................................ 8 Operating Costs..., there is no economic advantage to At least two tractors are usually needed for baling. Most livestock producers who use custom balers will probably have to buy another tractor. This machine may be used for other operations, but the equivalent of one full...

Long, James T.; Taylor, Wayne D.

1972-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

National Aeronautics and Space Administration Ultra-Light, Low-Cost Solar Concentrator Offers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of times onto smaller solar cells." -- Mark O'Neill, Chief Technology Officer, Entech Solar, Inc. "The SLA Offers Unparalleled Efficiency and Performance Affordable Green Energy Technology from NASA/Entech Solar Fresnel lenses for optical concentration, minimizing solar cell area, mass, and cost. The SLA has been

484

Computing confidence intervals on solution costs for stochastic grid generation expansion problems.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A range of core operations and planning problems for the national electrical grid are naturally formulated and solved as stochastic programming problems, which minimize expected costs subject to a range of uncertain outcomes relating to, for example, uncertain demands or generator output. A critical decision issue relating to such stochastic programs is: How many scenarios are required to ensure a specific error bound on the solution cost? Scenarios are the key mechanism used to sample from the uncertainty space, and the number of scenarios drives computational difficultly. We explore this question in the context of a long-term grid generation expansion problem, using a bounding procedure introduced by Mak, Morton, and Wood. We discuss experimental results using problem formulations independently minimizing expected cost and down-side risk. Our results indicate that we can use a surprisingly small number of scenarios to yield tight error bounds in the case of expected cost minimization, which has key practical implications. In contrast, error bounds in the case of risk minimization are significantly larger, suggesting more research is required in this area in order to achieve rigorous solutions for decision makers.

Woodruff, David L..; Watson, Jean-Paul

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

On the Energy Cost of Robustness and Resiliency in IP Networks , A. Caponea,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

approaches in saving energy. We propose novel optimization models to minimize the energy consumption of IP protocols (like MPLS) allow us to quantitatively analyze the trade-off between energy cost and level Both network operators and device manufacturers agree that the energy consumption of communications

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

486

An hybrid CP/MILP method for scheduling with energy costs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.artigues@laas.fr Abstract This paper deals with energy-related job scheduling for a foundry, in order to minimizeAn hybrid CP/MILP method for scheduling with energy costs Alain Ha¨it1 Christian Artigues2,3 1 the electricity bill. Accounting for energy and hu- man resource constraints leads to better solutions in terms

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

487

Cost Principles Policy Responsible Office: Cost Analysis Effective Date: November 1, 2013  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cost Principles Policy Responsible Office: Cost Analysis Effective Date: November 1, 2013 Last-21, Cost Principles for Educational Institutions and the Cost Accounting Standards Board (CASB)) identify cost accounting policies that must be followed to receive federal awards. These regulations

Jawitz, James W.

488

Simultaneous optimization of propeller–hull systems to minimize lifetime fuel consumption  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In traditional naval architecture design methodologies optimization of the hull and propeller are done in two separate phases. This sequential approach can lead to designs that have sub-optimal fuel consumption and, thus, higher operational costs. This work presents a method to optimize the propeller–hull system simultaneously in order to design a vessel to have minimal fuel consumption. The optimization uses a probabilistic mission profile, propeller–hull interaction, and engine information to determine the coupled system with minimum fuel cost over its operational life. The design approach is tested on a KCS SIMMAN container ship using B-series propeller data and is shown to reduce fuel consumption compared to an optimized traditional design approach.

M. Nelson; D.W. Temple; J.T. Hwang; Y.L. Young; J.R.R.A. Martins; M. Collette

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

IMPROVING ENERGY EFFICIENCY AND REDUCING COSTS IN THE DRINKING WATER SUPPLY INDUSTRY: An ENERGY STAR Resource Guide for Energy and Plant Managers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As American drinking water agencies face higher production costs, demand, and energy prices, they seek opportunities to reduce costs without negatively affecting the quality of the water they deliver. This guide describes resources for cost-effectively improving the energy efficiency of U.S. public drinking water facilities. The guide (1) describes areas of opportunity for improving energy efficiency in drinking water facilities; (2) provides detailed descriptions of resources to consult for each area of opportunity; (3) offers supplementary suggestions and information for the area; and (4) presents illustrative case studies, including analysis of cost-effectiveness.

Brown, Moya Melody, Camilla Dunham Whitehead, Rich; Dunham Whitehead, Camilla; Brown, Rich

2010-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

490

Entanglement cost of generalised measurements  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Bipartite entanglement is one of the fundamental quantifiable resources of quantum information theory. We propose a new application of this resource to the theory of quantum measurements. According to Naimark's theorem any rank 1 generalised measurement (POVM) M may be represented as a von Neumann measurement in an extended (tensor product) space of the system plus ancilla. By considering a suitable average of the entanglements of these measurement directions and minimising over all Naimark extensions, we define a notion of entanglement cost E_min(M) of M. We give a constructive means of characterising all Naimark extensions of a given POVM. We identify various classes of POVMs with zero and non-zero cost and explicitly characterise all POVMs in 2 dimensions having zero cost. We prove a constant upper bound on the entanglement cost of any POVM in any dimension. Hence the asymptotic entanglement cost (i.e. the large n limit of the cost of n applications of M, divided by n) is zero for all POVMs. The trine measurement is defined by three rank 1 elements, with directions symmetrically placed around a great circle on the Bloch sphere. We give an analytic expression for its entanglement cost. Defining a normalised cost of any d-dimensional POVM by E_min(M)/log(d), we show (using a combination of analytic and numerical techniques) that the trine measurement is more costly than any other POVM with d>2, or with d=2 and ancilla dimension 2. This strongly suggests that the trine measurement is the most costly of all POVMs.

Richard Jozsa; Masato Koashi; Noah Linden; Sandu Popescu; Stuart Presnell; Dan Shepherd; Andreas Winter

2003-03-27T23:59:59.000Z

491

Seesaw Models with Minimal Flavor Violation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We explore realizations of minimal flavor violation (MFV) for leptons in the simplest seesaw models where the neutrino mass generation mechanism is driven by new fermion singlets (type I) or triplets (type III) and by a scalar triplet (type II). We also discuss similarities and differences of the MFV implementation among the three scenarios. To study the phenomenological implications, we consider a number of effective dimension-six operators that are purely leptonic or couple leptons to the standard-model gauge and Higgs bosons and evaluate constraints on the scale of MFV associated with these operators from the latest experimental information. Specifically, we employ the most recent measurements of neutrino mixing parameters as well as the currently available data on flavor-violating radiative and three-body decays of charged leptons, mu -> e conversion in nuclei, the anomalous magnetic moments of charged leptons, and their electric dipole moments. The most stringent lower-limit on the MFV scale comes from the present experimental bound on mu -> e gamma and can reach 500 TeV or higher, depending on the details of the seesaw scheme. With our numerical results, we illustrate some important differences among the seesaw types. Particularly, we show that in types I and III there are features which can bring about potentially remarkable effects which do not occur in type II. In addition, we comment on how one of the new effective operators can induce flavor-changing dilepton decays of the Higgs boson.

Xiao-Gang He; Chao-Jung Lee; Jusak Tandean; Ya-Juan Zheng

2015-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

492

Linearized Functional Minimization for Inverse Modeling  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Heterogeneous aquifers typically consist of multiple lithofacies, whose spatial arrangement significantly affects flow and transport. The estimation of these lithofacies is complicated by the scarcity of data and by the lack of a clear correlation between identifiable geologic indicators and attributes. We introduce a new inverse-modeling approach to estimate both the spatial extent of hydrofacies and their properties from sparse measurements of hydraulic conductivity and hydraulic head. Our approach is to minimize a functional defined on the vectors of values of hydraulic conductivity and hydraulic head fields defined on regular grids at a user-determined resolution. This functional is constructed to (i) enforce the relationship between conductivity and heads provided by the groundwater flow equation, (ii) penalize deviations of the reconstructed fields from measurements where they are available, and (iii) penalize reconstructed fields that are not piece-wise smooth. We develop an iterative solver for this functional that exploits a local linearization of the mapping from conductivity to head. This approach provides a computationally efficient algorithm that rapidly converges to a solution. A series of numerical experiments demonstrates the robustness of our approach.

Wohlberg, Brendt [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Tartakovsky, Daniel M. [University of California, San Diego; Dentz, Marco [Institute of Environmental Assessment and Water Research, Barcelona, Spain

2012-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

493

Minimizing or eliminating refueling of nuclear reactor  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Demand for refueling of a liquid metal fast nuclear reactor having a life of 30 years is eliminated or reduced to intervals of at least 10 years by operating the reactor at a low linear-power density, typically 2.5 kw/ft of fuel rod, rather than 7.5 or 15 kw/ft, which is the prior art practice. So that power of the same magnitude as for prior art reactors is produced, the volume of the core is increased. In addition, the height of the core and it diameter are dimensioned so that the ratio of the height to the diameter approximates 1 to the extent practicable considering the requirement of control and that the pressure drop in the coolant shall not be excessive. The surface area of a cylinder of given volume is a minimum if the ratio of the height to the diameter is 1. By minimizing the surface area, the leakage of neutrons is reduced. By reducing the linear-power density, increasing core volume, reducing fissile enrichment and optimizing core geometry, internal-core breeding of fissionable fuel is substantially enhanced. As a result, core operational life, limited by control worth requirements and fuel burnup capability, is extended up to 30 years of continuous power operation.

Doncals, Richard A. (Washington, PA); Paik, Nam-Chin (Pittsburgh, PA); Andre, Sandra V. (Hempfield Township, Westmoreland County, PA); Porter, Charles A. (Rostraver Township, Westmoreland County, PA); Rathbun, Roy W. (Greensburg, PA); Schwallie, Ambrose L. (Greensburg, PA); Petras, Diane S. (Penn Township, Westmoreland County, PA)

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

Minimizing energy losses in control valves  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The pulp and paper industry uses massive amounts of energy, but it could reduce its electricity consumption by about 2,000 MW worldwide by simply optimizing the pumping of process liquids. Wasted pumping power can be significantly reduced by sizing pumps and control valves more accurately, and by using new methods of pump and valve selection. Combining the improved control valve's installed flow characteristic with state-of-the-art sizing and simulation programs ensures minimal pressure drop across the control valve without loss of accurate and reliable control in all process conditions. If accurate process condition information is available at the planning stage, even more significant pumping energy savings can be achieved. Moreover, reduced pressure drop across the control valve reduces the likelihood of valve cavitation. This, in turn, reduces the need for noise attenuation, preventing cavitation erosion, and repairing damage. To make the most of the advantages gained by using highly developed control valve sizing and selection programs, closer cooperation between process licensees, process users, and valve manufacturers is also required.

Niemela, I.; Pyotsia, J. (Neles-Jamesbury Oy, Helsinki (Finland))

1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

495

Chapter 6 - Subsea Cost Estimation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Publisher Summary This chapter provides guidelines for cost estimation during a project feasibility study, where the accuracy range is between ± 30% for subsea field development projects. Subsea cost refers to the cost of the whole project, which generally includes the capital expenditures (CAPEX) and operation expenditures (OPEX) of the subsea field development. The feasibility studies are performed before execution of the project, which may include three phases as shown in the figure: prefield development; conceptual/feasibility study; and front-end engineering design (FEED). Cost estimations are made for several purposes, and the methods used for the estimations as well as the desired amount of accuracy will be different. The cost estimation classifications according to Association for the Advancement of Cost Engineering (AACE): level of project definition: expressed as percentage of complete definition; end usage: typical purpose of estimation; methodology: typical estimating method; expected accuracy range: typical ± range relative to best index of 1; and preparation effort: typical degree of effort relative to least cost index of 1.

Yong Bai; Qiang Bai

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

496

Geothermal Exploration Cost and Time  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Department of Energy’s Geothermal Technology Office (GTO) provides RD&D funding for geothermal exploration technologies with the goal of lowering the risks and costs of geothermal development and exploration. The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) was tasked with developing a metric in 2012 to measure the impacts of this RD&D funding on the cost and time required for exploration activities. The development of this cost and time metric included collecting cost and time data for exploration techniques, creating a baseline suite of exploration techniques to which future exploration cost and time improvements can be compared, and developing an online tool for graphically showing potential project impacts (all available at http://en.openei.org/wiki/Gateway: Geothermal). This paper describes the methodology used to define the baseline exploration suite of techniques (baseline), as well as the approach that was used to create the cost and time data set that populates the baseline. The resulting product, an online tool for measuring impact, and the aggregated cost and time data are available on the Open Energy Information website (OpenEI, http://en.openei.org) for public access. - Published 01/01/2013 by US National Renewable Energy Laboratory NREL.

Scott Jenne

2013-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

497

On the Global Optimality for Linear Constrained Rank Minimization ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nov 10, 2014 ... Abstract: The rank minimization with linear equality constraints has two closely related models, the low rank approximation model, that is to find ...

Xin Liu

2014-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

498

Nuclear norm minimization for the planted clique and biclique ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Jan 21, 2009 ... We write both problems as matrix-rank minimization and then relax them using the nuclear norm. This technique, which may be regarded as a ...

2009-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

499

On Minimizing the Energy Consumption of an Electrical Vehicle  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Apr 20, 2011 ... The problem that we focus on, is the minimization of the energy consumption of an electrical vehicle achievable on a given driving cycle.

Abdelkader Merakeb

2011-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

500

The ppg256 Series of Minimal Poetry Generators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

J. 1984. A Travesty Generator for Micros. In BYTE 9 (12):afterthought. Minimal poetry generators, however, constituteon larger-scale poetry generators, can clearly benefit from

Montfort, Nick

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z