National Library of Energy BETA

Sample records for minibus cargo van

  1. Voor reacties bijdragen van

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van der Aalst, Wil

    Volkswagen liet zien hoe alle inkoopproces- sen van de verschillende merken van Volkswagen AG (Volkswagen

  2. Nuclear cargo detector

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Christo, Steven Basil

    2006-12-19

    Apparatus for the inspection of cargo containers for nuclear materials comprising one or more arrays of modules comprising grounded, closed conductive tubes filled with an ionizing gas mixture such as, but not limited to, Argon:CO.sub.2. A wire is suspended along each tube axis and electrically connected at both ends of the tube. A positive, dc high voltage is supplied to one end of the wire and an amplifier is attached to the other end through a capacitance to decouple the amplifier from the high voltage. X-rays, gamma rays or neutrons produced by nuclear material and passing through the tube ionize the gas. The electrons from the gas ionization process are accelerated toward the wire surface due to the wire's electrical potential. The acceleration of the electrons near the wire's surface is sufficient to ionize more gas and produce an amplification of electrons/ions that create a surge of current large enough to be detectable by the amplifier. Means are also provided for a warning device coupled to the amplifier.

  3. Van Hove's Birthday

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2011-04-25

    "Happy Birthday Léon!" Plusieurs orateurs rendent hommage à L.Van Hove et son travail à l'occasion de son 65me anniversaire. A la fin remerciements de L.Van Hove.

  4. System for inspection of stacked cargo containers

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Derenzo, Stephen (Pinole, CA)

    2011-08-16

    The present invention relates to a system for inspection of stacked cargo containers. One embodiment of the invention generally comprises a plurality of stacked cargo containers arranged in rows or tiers, each container having a top, a bottom a first side, a second side, a front end, and a back end; a plurality of spacers arranged in rows or tiers; one or more mobile inspection devices for inspecting the cargo containers, wherein the one or more inspection devices are removeably disposed within the spacers, the inspection means configured to move through the spacers to detect radiation within the containers. The invented system can also be configured to inspect the cargo containers for a variety of other potentially hazardous materials including but not limited to explosive and chemical threats.

  5. Cargo revenue management for space logistics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Armar, Nii A

    2009-01-01

    This thesis covers the development of a framework for the application of revenue management, specifically capacity control, to space logistics for use in the optimization of mission cargo allocations, which in turn affect ...

  6. Van Expo 58 Fernand Mortelmans

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davis, Jesse

    causa uit aan Claude Mandil, voormalig directeur van het Internationaal Energieagentschap (IEA). Met dit rol van het IEA en het werk van Claude Mandil in het bijzonder. Ingenieur Claude Mandil kreeg zijn Director van het IEA van februari 2003 tot september 2007. In die periode is hij erin geslaagd om het IEA

  7. Motility states in bidirectional cargo transport

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sarah Klein; Cecile Appert-Rolland; Ludger Santen

    2015-01-05

    Intracellular cargos which are transported by molecular motors move stochastically along cytoskeleton filaments. In particular for bidirectionally transported cargos it is an open question whether the characteristics of their motion can result from pure stochastic fluctuations or whether some coordination of the motors is needed. The results of a mean-field model of cargo-motors dynamics, which was proposed by M\\"uller et al.[1] suggest the existence of high motility states which would result from a stochastic tug-of-war. Here we analyze a non-mean field extension of their model, that takes explicitly the position of each motor into account. We find that high motility states then disappear. We consider also a mutual motor-motor activation, as an explicit mechanism of motor coordination. We show that the results of the mean-field model are recovered only in case of a strong motor-motor activation in the limit of a high number of motors.

  8. World's First Fuel Cell Cargo Trucks Deployed at Memphis International...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    World's First Fuel Cell Cargo Trucks Deployed at Memphis International Airport World's First Fuel Cell Cargo Trucks Deployed at Memphis International Airport June 25, 2015 - 1:57pm...

  9. Hylke van Dijk Democratic processing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hylke van Dijk Democratic processing #12;Democratic processing Mastering the complexity, in het openbaar te verdedigen op maandag 22 november 2004 om 13:00 uur door Hijlke Watze VAN DIJK Dijk, H.W. van Democratic processing: Mastering the complexity of communicating systems H.W. van Dijk

  10. Scanning Cargo Containers with Tagged Neutrons

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Viesti, G.; Botosso, C.; Fabris, D.; Lunardon, M.; Moretto, S.; Nebbia, G.; Pesente, S.; Zenoni, A.; Donzella, A.; Perot, B.; Carasco, C.; Bernard, S.; Mariani, A.; Szabo, J.-L.; Sannie, G.; Valkovic, V.; Sudac, D.; Nad, K.; Peerani, P.; Sequeira, V.

    2007-10-26

    A new Tagged Neutron Inspection System (TNIS) able to detect illicit materials such as explosives and narcotics in cargo containers has been developed within the EURopean Illicit TRAfficing Countermeasures Kit (EURITRACK) project. After the R and D phase, the inspection portal has been installed and commissioned at the Rijeka seaport in Croatia, where it has been operated in connection with the existing X-ray scanner for a first two-month demonstration campaign. Results obtained are presented and discussed in this paper.

  11. Wim van Dam CURRICULUM VITAE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Barbara, University of

    Wim van Dam CURRICULUM VITAE Department of Computer Science Work: +1-805-893 5211 Harold Frank Hall in physics. #12;Curriculum Vitae Wim van Dam, June 2008 2 PUBLICATIONS Journal and Conference Articles [1] "Quantum Algorithms for Algebraic Problems", Andrew M. Childs and Wim van Dam, to appear in Reviews

  12. Motor transport of self-assembled cargos in crowded environments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ross, Jennifer

    Motor transport of self-assembled cargos in crowded environments Leslie Conwaya , Derek Woodb is performed by multiple motors working in concert. However, the mechanism of motor association to cargos is unknown. It is also unknown how long individual motors stay attached, how many are active, and how

  13. Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Minibuses Help New Jersey

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 OutreachProductswsicloudwsiclouddenDVA N C E D B L O O D S TA IMaryland Conserves FuelStation Locations to

  14. Stochastic modeling of cargo transport by teams of molecular motors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sarah Klein; Cécile Appert-Rolland; Ludger Santen

    2014-07-16

    Many different types of cellular cargos are transported bidirectionally along microtubules by teams of molecular motors. The motion of this cargo-motors system has been experimentally characterized in vivo as processive with rather persistent directionality. Different theoretical approaches have been suggested in order to explore the origin of this kind of motion. An effective theoretical approach, introduced by M\\"uller et al., describes the cargo dynamics as a tug-of-war between different kinds of motors. An alternative approach has been suggested recently by Kunwar et al., who considered the coupling between motor and cargo in more detail. Based on this framework we introduce a model considering single motor positions which we propagate in continuous time. Furthermore, we analyze the possible influence of the discrete time update schemes used in previous publications on the system's dynamic.

  15. Rotational dynamics of cargos at pauses during axonal transport

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gu, Yan; Sun, Wei; Wang, Gufeng; Jeftinija, Ksenija; Jeftinija, Srdija; Fang, Ning

    2012-08-28

    Direct visualization of axonal transport in live neurons is essential for our understanding of the neuronal functions and the working mechanisms of microtubule-based motor proteins. Here we use the high-speed single particle orientation and rotational tracking technique to directly visualize the rotational dynamics of cargos in both active directional transport and pausing stages of axonal transport, with a temporal resolution of 2 ms. Both long and short pauses are imaged, and the correlations between the pause duration, the rotational behaviour of the cargo at the pause, and the moving direction after the pause are established. Furthermore, the rotational dynamics leading to switching tracks are visualized in detail. These first-time observations of cargo's rotational dynamics provide new insights on how kinesin and dynein motors take the cargo through the alternating stages of active directional transport and pause.

  16. SIMULATION OF CARGO CONTAINER INTERROGATION BY D-D NEUTRONS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lou, Tak Pui; Antolak, Arlyn

    2007-01-01

    of Energy’s National Nuclear Security Administration underof Homeland Security, Domestic Nuclear Detection Office,nuclear material hidden in cargo containers has become an important research topic for homeland security.

  17. An analysis of Texas cargo vehicle registration taxes 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ray, Cadwell L

    1961-01-01

    AN ANALYSIS OF TEXAS CARGO VEHICLE REGISTRATION TAXES A Thesis By Cadwell Lewis Ray Submitted to the Graduate School of the Agricultural snd Mechanical College of Texas in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER... OF SCIENCE August 1961 Major Subject Economics AN ANALYSIS OP TEXAS CARGO VEHICLE REGISTRATION TAXES m 4 4 0 0 C 0 A Thesfs By Cadwell Leaks Ray Apptoved as to style and content by: , E. . ; frman of Committee) (Hea Depat' ent) Augnst 1961 A...

  18. Abe Van Luik

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 OutreachProductswsicloudwsicloudden Documentation DataStreamsTotalproposals INITIATEDAbdelhalim AmerAbe Van Luik

  19. Study on Alternative Cargo Launch Options from the Lunar Surface

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cheryl A. Blomberg; Zamir A. Zulkefli; Spencer W. Rich; Steven D. Howe

    2013-07-01

    In the future, there will be a need for constant cargo launches from Earth to Mars in order to build, and then sustain, a Martian base. Currently, chemical rockets are used for space launches. These are expensive and heavy due to the amount of necessary propellant. Nuclear thermal rockets (NTRs) are the next step in rocket design. Another alternative is to create a launcher on the lunar surface that uses magnetic levitation to launch cargo to Mars in order to minimize the amount of necessary propellant per mission. This paper investigates using nuclear power for six different cargo launching alternatives, as well as the orbital mechanics involved in launching cargo to a Martian base from the moon. Each alternative is compared to the other alternative launchers, as well as compared to using an NTR instead. This comparison is done on the basis of mass that must be shipped from Earth, the amount of necessary propellant, and the number of equivalent NTR launches. Of the options, a lunar coil launcher had a ship mass that is 12.7% less than the next best option and 17 NTR equivalent launches, making it the best of the presented six options.

  20. Cargo Revenue Management for Space Logistics Nii A. Armar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Weck, Olivier L.

    Cargo Revenue Management for Space Logistics by Nii A. Armar B.S., Aerospace Engineering for Space Logistics by Nii A. Armar Submitted to the Department of Aeronautics and Astronautics on November of revenue management, specifically capacity control, to space logistics for use in the optimization

  1. National Security Science and Technology Initiative: Air Cargo Screening

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bingham, Philip R [ORNL; White, Tim [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL); Cespedes, Ernesto [Idaho National Laboratory (INL); Bowerman, Biays [Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL); Bush, John [Battelle

    2010-11-01

    The non-intrusive inspection (NII) of consolidated air cargo carried on commercial passenger aircraft continues to be a technically challenging, high-priority requirement of the Department of Homeland Security's Science and Technology Directorate (DHS S&T), the Transportation Security Agency and the Federal Aviation Administration. The goal of deploying a screening system that can reliably and cost-effectively detect explosive threats in consolidated cargo without adversely affecting the flow of commerce will require significant technical advances that will take years to develop. To address this critical National Security need, the Battelle Memorial Institute (Battelle), under a Cooperative Research and Development Agreement (CRADA) with four of its associated US Department of Energy (DOE) National Laboratories (Oak Ridge, Pacific Northwest, Idaho, and Brookhaven), conducted a research and development initiative focused on identifying, evaluating, and integrating technologies for screening consolidated air cargo for the presence of explosive threats. Battelle invested $8.5M of internal research and development funds during fiscal years 2007 through 2009. The primary results of this effort are described in this document and can be summarized as follows: (1) Completed a gap analysis that identified threat signatures and observables, candidate technologies for detection, their current state of development, and provided recommendations for improvements to meet air cargo screening requirements. (2) Defined a Commodity/Threat/Detection matrix that focuses modeling and experimental efforts, identifies technology gaps and game-changing opportunities, and provides a means of summarizing current and emerging capabilities. (3) Defined key properties (e.g., elemental composition, average density, effective atomic weight) for basic commodity and explosive benchmarks, developed virtual models of the physical distributions (pallets) of three commodity types and three explosive benchmarks combinations, and conducted modeling and simulation studies to begin populating the matrix of commodities, threats, and detection technologies. (4) Designed and fabricated basic (homogeneous) commodity test pallets and fabricated inert stimulants to support experiments and to validate modeling/simulation results. (5) Developed/expanded the team's capabilities to conduct full-scale imaging (neutron and x-ray) experiments of air cargo commodities and explosive benchmarks. (6) Conducted experiments to improve the collection of trace particles of explosives from a variety of surfaces representative of air cargo materials by means of mechanical (air/vibration/pressure), thermal, and electrostatic methods. Air cargo screening is a difficult challenge that will require significant investment in both research and development to find a suitable solution to ensure the safety of passengers without significantly hindering the flow of commodities. The initiative funded by Battelle has positioned this group to make major contributions in meeting the air cargo challenge by developing collaborations, developing laboratory test systems, improving knowledge of the challenges (both technical and business) for air cargo screening, and increasing the understanding of the capabilities for current inspection methods (x-ray radiography, x-ray backscatter, etc.) and potential future inspection methods (neutron radiography, fusion of detector modalities, advanced trace detection, etc.). Lastly, air cargo screening is still an issue that will benefit from collaboration between Department of Energy Laboratories and Battelle. On January 7, 2010, DHS Secretary Napolitano joined White House Press Secretary Robert Gibbs and Assistant to the President for Counterterrorism and Homeland Security John Brennan to announce several recommendations DHS has made to the President for improving the technology and procedures used to protect air travel from acts of terrorism. (This announcement followed the 25 Dec'09 Delta/Northwest Airlines Flight 253 terror attack.) Secretary Napolitano out

  2. Scleractinian Taxonomy R. van Woesik

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Woesik, Robert

    Scleractinian Taxonomy R. van Woesik Introduction In view of the above title this paper may appear dry, yet the classification of hard corals (scleractinian taxonomy) is at the very foundation on the species concept. This paper describes taxonomy of corals from a classical viewpoint by using distinct

  3. Implementation of cargo MagLev in the United States

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rose, Chris R [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Peterson, Dean E [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Leung, Eddie M [MAGTEC ENGINEERING

    2008-01-01

    Numerous studies have been completed in the United States, but no commercial MagLev systems have been deployed. Outside the U.S., MagLev continues to attract funding for research, development and implementation. A brief review of recent global developments in MagLev technology is given followed by the status of MagLev in the U.S. The paper compares the cost of existing MagLev systems with other modes of transport, notes that the near-term focus of MagLev development in the U.S. should be for cargo, and suggests that future MagLev systems should be for very high speed cargo. The Los Angeles to Port of Los Angeles corridor is suggested as a first site for implementation. The benefits of MagLev are described along with suggestions on how to obtain funding.

  4. Jamming of molecular motors as a tool for transport cargos along microtubules

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lucas W. Rossi; Carla Goldman

    2012-01-26

    The hopping model for cargo transport by molecular motors introduced in Refs. goldman1, goldman2, is extended here in order to incorporate the movement of cargo-motor complexes. In this context, hopping process expresses the possibility for cargo to be exchanged between neighbor motors at a microtubule where the transport takes place. Jamming of motors is essential for cargos to execute long-range movement in this way. Results from computer simulations performed using the extended model indicate that cargo may execute bidirectional movement in the presence of motors of a single polarity, confirming previous analytical results. Moreover, these results suggest the existence of a balance between cargo hopping and the movement of the complex that may control the efficiency of cargo transfer and cargo delivering. Considerations about the energy involved in the transport process show that the model presented here offers a considerable advantage over other models in the literature for which cargo movement is restricted to the movement of cargo-motor complexes.

  5. S.Van der Meer tribute

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2011-04-25

    Plusieurs intervenants rendent hommage à Simon Van der Meer né en 1925 à La Haye NL et prix nobel de physique en 1984

  6. Samenvatting Het onderwerp van deze thesis situeert zich in de numerische studie van

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    De Sterck, Hans

    neutraal gas wegens electromagnetische e#11;ecten. Electrische en magnetische velden oefenen anisotropische magnetische e#11;ecten op the topologie van boogschokstromingen bestudeerd via numerische si- mulaties van MHD parabolo#16;de objecten (Fig. 7.1). Deze abstracte context laat toe van de fundamentele fysische e#11

  7. 2A New Belt for the Van Allen Belts! Soon after launch, NASA's Van Allen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2A New Belt for the Van Allen Belts! Soon after launch, NASA's Van Allen Probes detected a new Third Belt in the Van Allen Radiation Belts that encircle Earth. Located between the Inner and Outer Belts, which have been known to scientists for decades, the third belt is very temporary. It only

  8. Manuel Palomar ya es oficialmente rector Manuel Palomar en el momento de la firma del cargo

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Escolano, Francisco

    Manuel Palomar ya es oficialmente rector Manuel Palomar en el momento de la firma del cargo, Manuel Palomar Sanz ha tomado posesión administrativa de su cargo como rector magnífico de la Universidad, vicerrector de Ordenación Académica y Profesorado, Manuel Palomar Sanz, rector, Rafael Pla Penalva, gerente

  9. Neutron interrogation system using high gamma ray signature to detect contraband special nuclear materials in cargo

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Slaughter, Dennis R. (Oakland, CA); Pohl, Bertram A. (Berkeley, CA); Dougan, Arden D. (San Ramon, CA); Bernstein, Adam (Palo Alto, CA); Prussin, Stanley G. (Kensington, CA); Norman, Eric B. (Oakland, CA)

    2008-04-15

    A system for inspecting cargo for the presence of special nuclear material. The cargo is irradiated with neutrons. The neutrons produce fission products in the special nuclear material which generate gamma rays. The gamma rays are detecting indicating the presence of the special nuclear material.

  10. On Quantum Computation Theory Wim van Dam

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koolen, Marijn

    On Quantum Computation Theory Wim van Dam #12;#12;On Quantum Computation Theory #12;ILLC woensdag 9 oktober 2002, te 14.00 uur door Willem Klaas van Dam geboren te Breda. #12;Promotor: Prof. dr. P Dam, 2002 ISBN: 90­5776­091­6 #12;" . . . Many errors have been made in the world which today

  11. Judith Dijk, Michael van Ginkel, Rutger J. van Asselt, Lucas J. van Vliet, Piet W. Verbeek, A new sharpness measure based on Gaussian lines and edges, in E.F. Deprettere et al. (eds), ASCI2002, Proc.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Vliet, Lucas J.

    Judith Dijk, Michael van Ginkel, Rutger J. van Asselt, Lucas J. van Vliet, Piet W. Verbeek, A new, 2002, 39-43. A new sharpness measure based on Gaussian lines and edges Judith Dijk, Michael van Ginkel

  12. COMMUNITYMAGAZINE VAN DE UGENT De duurzaamheidsvisie

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gent, Universiteit

    ;2 DURF DENKEN 3D-PRINTING `CREATIVITEIT WORDT WERKELIJKHEID, LAAG NA LAAG' #12;3 Studenten laten maken. We onderzoeken nu ook hoe we 3D-printing kunnen inzetten in de productie van kleine reeksen

  13. Thomas Van Dam Principal, Nichols Consulting Engineers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas Van Dam Principal, Nichols Consulting Engineers Transportation Research Group TVanDam-cost, widespread availability, versatility, and hallmark longevity, hydraulic cement concrete (HCC) is the most in a variety of applications, including bridges, hydraulic structures, retaining walls, barriers, curbs

  14. Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2015: Zero Emission Cargo Transport II

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation given by SCAQMD at 2015 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about zero emission cargo transport II.

  15. The dynamics of cargo driven by molecular motors in the context of asymmetric simple exclusion processes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carla Goldman; Elisa T. Sena

    2008-10-07

    We consider the dynamics of cargo driven by a collection of interacting molecular motors in the context of an asymmetric simple exclusion processes (ASEP). The model is formulated to account for i) excluded volume interactions, ii) the observed asymmetry of the stochastic movement of individual motors and iii) interactions between motors and cargo. Items (i) and (ii) form the basis of ASEP models and have already been considered in the literature to study the behavior of motor density profile [Parmeggiani 03]. Item (iii) is new. It is introduced here as an attempt to describe explicitly the dependence of cargo movement on the dynamics of motors. The steady-state solutions of the model indicate that the system undergoes a phase transition of condensation type as the motor density varies. We study the consequences of this transition to the properties of cargo velocity.

  16. How Molecular Motors Are Arranged on a Cargo Is Important for Vesicular Transport

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Erickson, Robert P; Jia, Zhiyuan; Gross, Steven P; Yu, Clare C; Bausch, Andreas R

    2011-01-01

    transport by molecular motors with opposite polarities. Physof the cytoplasmic dynein motor. Nat Cell Biol 2: 20–24.of a cargo hauled by motor proteins along a microtubule. (

  17. Safety evaluation for packaging 222-S laboratory cargo tank for onetime type B material shipment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nguyen, P.M.

    1994-08-19

    The purpose of this Safety Evaluation for Packaging (SEP) is to evaluate and document the safety of the onetime shipment of bulk radioactive liquids in the 222-S Laboratory cargo tank (222-S cargo tank). The 222-S cargo tank is a US Department of Transportation (DOT) MC-312 specification (DOT 1989) cargo tank, vehicle registration number HO-64-04275, approved for low specific activity (LSA) shipments in accordance with the DOT Title 49, Code of Federal Regulations (CFR). In accordance with the US Department of Energy, Richland Operations Office (RL) Order 5480.1A, Chapter III (RL 1988), an equivalent degree of safety shall be provided for onsite shipments as would be afforded by the DOT shipping regulations for a radioactive material package. This document demonstrates that this packaging system meets the onsite transportation safety criteria for a onetime shipment of Type B contents.

  18. A system for the detection of concealed nuclear weapons and fissile material aboard cargo cotainerships

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gallagher, Shawn P., S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2005-01-01

    A new approach to the detection of concealed nuclear weapons and fissile material aboard cargo containerships is proposed. The ship-based approach removes the constraints of current thinking by addressing the threat of ...

  19. Service Oriented Architecture for Monitoring Cargo in Motion Along Trusted Corridors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kuehnhausen, Martin

    2009-07-10

    This thesis describes a system called the Transportation Security SensorNet that can be used to perform extensive cargo monitoring. It is built as a Service Oriented Architecture (SOA) using open web service specifications ...

  20. Statview, een overzicht van een aantal faciliteiten 1. aanmaken van kolommen en invoeren van data. De gegevens worden georganiseerd in kolommen. Een nieuwe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Groen, Pieter

    volgens dezelfde regels) als het cirkeltje in het scattergram. ­ Pie Chart (Taartdiagram) Als frequency vertikale variabele. ­ Bar Chart (Staafdiagram) Als frequency distribution in het describe-menu gekozen is vorm van sectoren van een cirkel. ­ Line Chart (Grafiek van een funktie) Als in een scattergram, maar

  1. Stochastic simulations of cargo transport by processive molecular motors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Christian B. Korn; Stefan Klumpp; Reinhard Lipowsky; Ulrich S. Schwarz

    2009-12-11

    We use stochastic computer simulations to study the transport of a spherical cargo particle along a microtubule-like track on a planar substrate by several kinesin-like processive motors. Our newly developed adhesive motor dynamics algorithm combines the numerical integration of a Langevin equation for the motion of a sphere with kinetic rules for the molecular motors. The Langevin part includes diffusive motion, the action of the pulling motors, and hydrodynamic interactions between sphere and wall. The kinetic rules for the motors include binding to and unbinding from the filament as well as active motor steps. We find that the simulated mean transport length increases exponentially with the number of bound motors, in good agreement with earlier results. The number of motors in binding range to the motor track fluctuates in time with a Poissonian distribution, both for springs and cables being used as models for the linker mechanics. Cooperativity in the sense of equal load sharing only occurs for high values for viscosity and attachment time.

  2. CTHB Mentorship group of 2011. Back Row (left to right): Markus Wilken, Angelique du Preez, Brigitte Van Dyk, Shaun van der Walt, Ethan Besaans. Third row: Tanweer Mahomed, Danielle Roodt, Estine Theron, Wilke

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Brigitte Van Dyk, Shaun van der Walt, Ethan Besaans. Third row: Tanweer Mahomed, Danielle Roodt, Estine

  3. X-Ray Cargo Inspection: Status and Trends

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chen Gongyin; Bjorkholm, Paul; Fox, Timothy R.; Wilson, Zane; Bonsergent, Xavier

    2009-03-10

    Over the past several years, x-ray cargo inspection has experienced tremendous growth. There are several hundred systems in use world wide and a few new units are installed every week. Fielded systems are mostly located in north and West Africa, Middle East, Europe (especially Russia), East Asia, and South America. The majority of systems are powered by Varian M3, M6 or M9 Linac x-ray sources. The spatial resolution of these systems is typically 3-5 mm, penetration ranges from around 200 mm to 450 mm of steel and contrast sensitivity is typically 1-4%. Inspection throughput ranges from about 20 trucks per hour to 200 trucks per hour. Currently the systems are primarily used to fight import tax evasion and smuggling of controlled substances. There are a few clear trends: Imaging performance has been steadily improving; a variety of systems have been developed to fit different needs; also, there is a strong effort in material discrimination, or even identification and automatic detection. The last, but not least trend is a shift to security applications. The US government has launched major efforts such as CAARS and JINII to fight nuclear threat and systems that can automatically detect a small amount of high atomic number materials are being developed. This paper only covers RF linear accelerator based X-ray sources, which prevail in the industry. Induction accelerators (Betatrons) have some limited use in low-end imaging systems and high duty factors sources have recently been proposed for study.

  4. FLIPIT: The Game of "Stealthy Takeover" Marten van Dijk

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    FLIPIT: The Game of "Stealthy Takeover" Marten van Dijk Ari Juels Alina Oprea Ronald L. Rivest, Cambridge, MA, USA; e-mail: Marten.VanDijk@rsa.com RSA Laboratories, Cambridge, MA, USA; e-mail: ari

  5. Kunststoffen Theorie en praktijk van de moderne polymeertechnologie

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    met de medewerking van de firma's Atlas Copco, BASF, GE Plastics, Solvay, UCB, en het Vlaams construeren met en de processing van polymeren. Prof. Dr. ir. Gustaaf Schoukens Vakgroep Mechanische

  6. Seismic stratigraphy of Lake Van, eastern Turkey Deniz Cukur a, *

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilli, Adrian

    Seismic stratigraphy of Lake Van, eastern Turkey Deniz Cukur a, * , Sebastian Krastel b , Hans, EMCOL and Department of Geological Engineering, 34469 Maslak, Istanbul, Turkey d Van Yüzüncü Yil University, Department of Geological Engineering, Van, Turkey e Eawag, Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic

  7. Practical Cryptography in High Dimensional Marten van Dijk1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    Practical Cryptography in High Dimensional Tori Marten van Dijk1 , Robert Granger2 , Dan Page2 Department of Mathematics, UC Irvine, {krubin, asilverb}@uci.edu Abstract. At Crypto 2004, van Dijk is not known to be rational in general, van Dijk and Woodruff [6] show that one can obtain key agreement

  8. Bachelor project: Evaluatie van een Multi Level Fast Multipole Algoritme

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vuik, Kees

    Bachelor project: Evaluatie van een Multi Level Fast Multipole Algoritme Begeleider: D.R. van der verschillende Fast Multipole algorithmes die momenteel in de industrie worden toegepast. Een van die algoritmes is het Open Source algoritme CASSANDRA. Zie: http://openfmm.sourceforge.net/ Aanpak Bestudeer de fysica

  9. Voorwoord Het BWI werkstuk is een van de laatste onderdelen van de studie Bedrijfswiskunde & Informatica.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bhulai, Sandjai

    & Informatica. In dit werkstuk is het de bedoeling dat de drie deelgebieden van de BWI studie aan bod komen drie deelgebieden die in de BWI-studie aan bod komen: Bedrijfskunde, Wiskunde en Informatica. In dit

  10. Tug-of-war as a cooperative mechanism for bidirectional cargo transport by molecular motors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Melanie J. I. Müller; Stefan Klumpp; Reinhard Lipowsky

    2008-07-03

    Intracellular transport is based on molecular motors that pull cargos along cytoskeletal filaments. One motor species always moves in one direction, e.g. conventional kinesin moves to the microtubule plus end, while cytoplasmic dynein moves to the microtubule minus end. However, many cellular cargos are observed to move bidirectionally, involving both plus-end and minus-end directed motors. The presumably simplest mechanism for such bidirectional transport is provided by a tug-of-war between the two motor species. This mechanism is studied theoretically using the load-dependent transport properties of individual motors as measured in single-molecule experiments. In contrast to previous expectations, such a tug-of-war is found to be highly cooperative and to exhibit seven different motility regimes depending on the precise values of the single motor parameters. The sensitivity of the transport process to small parameter changes can be used by the cell to regulate its cargo traffic.

  11. Thesis Guidelines Jim Van de Ven

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Van de Ven, James D.

    Thesis Guidelines Jim Van de Ven Sitting down to write a thesis is challenging, as it is difficult.D. thesis1 . Guidelines for chapter content are proved first, followed by grammatical expectations and reference formatting. If you would like a concrete example of a thesis that follows these guidelines, you

  12. BDD synthese Rick van der Zwet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kosters, Walter

    Introductie BDD Synthese van een Binary Decision Diagram BDD is een belangrijk BDD algoritme [DK2009, p. 86 de daadwerkelijke synthese. Een simpele impementatie kan gemaakt worden met algoritme R. (a) Maak (zie Formule 2) door en , en (c) voer het algoritme R1 op f g. Op het eerste gezicht lijkt algoritme R

  13. Selfattractive random polymers Remco van der Hofstad

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Klenke, Achim

    Self­attractive random polymers Remco van der Hofstad Stieltjes Institute of Mathematics Delft polymer of finite length in Zd . Its law is that of a finite simple random walk path in Zd receiving that for > the attraction dominates the repulsion, i.e., with high probability the polymer is contained in a finite box

  14. Beeldverwerking practica Detectie van verkeersborden met de Hough transformatie 1/2 Detectie van verkeersborden met de

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pizurica, Aleksandra

    synthetische beeld circles.jpg. Wat is de invloed van de verschillende parameters van het algoritme? Hoeveel.jpg. Detecteert het algoritme het verkeersbord? Detecteert het enkel dat? · Om een rond verkeersbord verkeersbord1.jpg. Pas je algoritme toe op dit beeld. Hoe wordt de prestatie van het algoritme beïnvloedt

  15. [12.7.20044:01pm] [101114] [Page No. 101] {Eserial}4393-van-Pelt/3d/vanPelt-tx08.3d Van Pelt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stryker, Michael

    . Prog Brain Res.147:103-114. Corrections indicated in red. #12;[12.7.2004­4:01pm] [101­114] [Page No[12.7.2004­4:01pm] [101­114] [Page No. 101] {Eserial}4393-van-Pelt/3d/vanPelt-tx08.3d Van Pelt U N Research, Vol. 147 ISSN 0079-6123 Copyright ß 2005 Elsevier BV. All rights reserved CHAPTER 8 Molecular

  16. Database specification for the Worldwide Port System (WPS) Regional Integrated Cargo Database (ICDB)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Faby, E.Z.; Fluker, J.; Hancock, B.R.; Grubb, J.W.; Russell, D.L. [Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States)] [Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States); Loftis, J.P.; Shipe, P.C.; Truett, L.F. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)] [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)

    1994-03-01

    This Database Specification for the Worldwide Port System (WPS) Regional Integrated Cargo Database (ICDB) describes the database organization and storage allocation, provides the detailed data model of the logical and physical designs, and provides information for the construction of parts of the database such as tables, data elements, and associated dictionaries and diagrams.

  17. Feasibility analysis of scanning 100% of maritime cargo containers for fissile material

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Foley, William E., III

    2008-01-01

    On August 3, 2007, President George W. Bush signed into law H.R. 1: Implementing Recommendations of the 9/11 Commission Act of 2007. The law mandates that 100% of air and maritime cargo must be scanned prior to entering ...

  18. Surfing at the wave fronts: the bidirectional movement of cargo particles driven by molecular motors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daniel Gomes Lichtenthaler; Carla Goldman

    2008-03-18

    The collective behavior of molecular motor proteins have been investigated in the literature using models to describe the long-time dynamics of a unidimensional continuum motor distribution. Here, we consider the phenomena related to the transport of particles (vesicles, organelles, virus, etc) in the realm of these continuum motor systems. We argue that cargo movement may result from its ability to perturb the existing motor distribution and to surf at the resulting shock waves separating regions of different motor densities within the transient regime. In this case, the observed bidirectionality of cargo movement is naturally associated with reversals of shocks directions. Comparison of the quantitative results predicted by this model with available data for cargo velocity allows us to suggest that geometrical characteristics of the transported particle shall determine the extension and intensity of the perturbation it produces and thus, its dynamics. Possible implications of these ideas to virus movement at the cell body are discussed in connection with their distinguished morphological characteristics. Key words: collective effects of molecular motors; cargo transport; non-linear partial differential equations; shock waves.

  19. Available online at www.sciencedirect.com Cargo transport: molecular motors navigate a complex

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ross, Jennifer

    Available online at www.sciencedirect.com Cargo transport: molecular motors navigate a complex microtubule-based motors, kinesin and cytoplasmic dynein, and the actin-based myosin motors to maneuver occurs as these tiny molecular motors happen upon an intersection between two cytoskeletal filaments

  20. Properties of tug-of-war model for cargo transport by molecular motors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yunxin Zhang

    2009-03-20

    Molecular motors are essential components for the biophysical functions of the cell. Our current quantitative understanding of how multiple motors move along a single track is not complete; even though models and theories for single motor chemomechanics abound. Recently, M.J.I. M$\\ddot{\\rm u}$ller {\\em et al.} have developed a tug-of-war model to describe the bidirectional movement of the cargo (PNAS(2008) 105(12) P4609-4614). Through Monte Carlo simulations, they discovered that the tug-of-war model exhibits several qualitative different motility regimes, which depend on the precise value of single motor parameters, and they suggested the sensitivity can be used by a cell to regulate its cargo traffic. In the present paper, we carry out a thorough analysis of the tug-of-war model. All the stable, i.e., biophysically observable, steady states are obtained. Depending on several parameters, the system exhibits either uni-, bi- or tristability. Based on the separating boundary of the different stable states and the initial numbers of the different motor species that are bound to the track, the steady state of the cargo movement can be predicted, and consequently the steady state velocity can be obtained. It is found that, the velocity, even the direction, of the cargo movement change with the initial numbers of the motors which are bound to the track and several other parameters.

  1. Stochastic simulations of cargo transport by processive molecular motors Christian B. Korn,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schwarz, Ulrich

    Stochastic simulations of cargo transport by processive molecular motors Christian B. Korn,1 Stefan kinesin-like processive motors. Our newly developed adhesive motor dynamics algorithm combines motors. The Langevin part includes diffusive motion, the action of the pulling motors, and hydrodynamic

  2. Noodzakelijke Onzekerheid Hans Maassen, Universiteit van Amsterdam

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maassen, Hans

    , nicht der Dinge. #12;Logica #12;Logica Boole'se algebra #12;Logica Boole'se algebra A = (A en B) of (A en niet-B). #12;Logica Boole'se algebra A = (A en B) of (A en niet-B). Modellering met verzamelingen, door middel van de vertaalregels: #12;Logica Boole'se algebra A = (A en B) of (A en niet

  3. A Van Gogh inspired 3D Shader Methodology 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sharma, Suruchi

    2013-08-01

    Figure 1. The Night Caf? by Van Gogh, 1888 [13] ......................................................... 6 Figure 2. Detail of Wheat Feld with Cypresses by Van Gogh, 1889 [14] ........................ 7 Figure 3. (Left) Woodblock print. The Plum Garden.... Detail of Wheat Feld with Cypresses by Van Gogh, 1889 [14] Lev Manovich developed ?Cultural Analytics? research study group in 2007 at Software Studies Initiative, UCSD. His research focuses on exploring and visually examining large cultural data...

  4. Van Andel Research Institute, Los Alamos National Laboratory...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Computational model to study lung cancer Van Andel Research Institute, Los Alamos National Laboratory to develop detailed computational model to study lung cancer Scientists are...

  5. Systems-based analysis of a ship borne approach for the detection of fissile material concealed in cargo containers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Broderick, Brett P

    2004-01-01

    The international maritime container trade, which imports an average of 19,000 largely uninspected cargo containers to United States ports each day, has been identified as a potential avenue of attack for nuclear terrorism. ...

  6. Omgaan met veranderende requirements in outsourcing-projecten Marco Lormans Hylke van Dijk

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Deursen, Arie

    Omgaan met veranderende requirements in outsourcing-projecten Marco Lormans Hylke van Dijk Delft University of Technology The Netherlands {M.Lormans,H.W.vanDijk}@ewi.tudelft.nl Arie van Deursen CWI

  7. Enhanced van der Waals interaction at interfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marin-Slobodan Tomas

    2008-02-20

    Using a recently obtained (general) formula for the interaction energy between an excited and a ground-state atom (Sherkunov Y 2007 Phys. Rev. A 75 012705), we consider the interaction energy between two such atoms near the interface between two media. We demonstrate that under the circumstances of the resonant coupling of the excited atom to the surface polariton mode of a vacuum-medium system the nonretarded atom*-atom interaction energy can be enhanced by (several) orders of magnitude in comparison with the van der Waals interaction energy of the two isolated atoms.

  8. Rienk van Grondelle | Photosynthetic Antenna Research Center

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMassR&D100Nationalquestionnaires 0serialIndustrialSenior8Rick StevensARienk van

  9. Heidi VanGenderen | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergyTher i nA Guide to TappingWORK BREAKDOWNEnergy how toEM Office14Heidi VanGenderen

  10. Brie Van Cleve | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative FuelsofProgram:Y-12Power, IncBio CentersBreaking Up (Hydrogen) No Longer AsBrie Van

  11. Fuel Economy and Emissions Effects of Low Tire Pressure, Open Windows, Roof Top and Hitch-Mounted Cargo, and Trailer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Thomas, John F [ORNL] [ORNL; Huff, Shean P [ORNL] [ORNL; West, Brian H [ORNL] [ORNL

    2014-01-01

    To quantify the fuel economy (FE) effect of some common vehicle accessories or alterations, a compact passenger sedan and a sport utility vehicle (SUV) were subjected to SAE J2263 coastdown procedures. Coastdowns were conducted with low tire pressure, all windows open, with a roof top or hitch-mounted cargo carrier, and with the SUV pulling an enclosed cargo trailer. From these coastdowns, vehicle dynamometer coefficients were developed which enabled the execution of vehicle dynamometer experiments to determine the effect of these changes on vehicle FE and emissions over standard drive cycles and at steady highway speeds. The FE penalty associated with the rooftop cargo box mounted on the compact sedan was as high as 25-27% at higher speeds, where the aerodynamic drag is most pronounced. For both vehicles, use of a hitch mounted cargo tray carrying a similar load resulted in very small FE penalties, unlike the rooftop cargo box. The results for the SUV pulling a 3500 pound enclosed cargo trailer were rather dramatic, resulting in FE penalties ranging from 30%, for the city cycle, to 50% at 80 mph, at which point significant CO generation indicated protective enrichment due to high load. Low tire pressure cases resulted in negligible to 10% FE penalty depending on the specific case and test point. Driving with all four windows open decreased FE by 4-8.5% for the compact sedan, and 1-4% for the SUV.

  12. van der Waerden's Theorem and Topological Dynamics Proof Mining

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gerhardy, Philipp

    Outline van der Waerden's Theorem and Topological Dynamics Proof Mining Proof Analysis Comparison with van der Waerden's proof Proof Mining in Topological Dynamics Philipp Gerhardy Department of Mathematics University of Oslo Oberwolfach, April 6 - April 12, 2008. Philipp Gerhardy Proof Mining

  13. Wil M. P. van der Aalst Process Mining

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van der Aalst, Wil

    1 Wil M. P. van der Aalst Process Mining Discovery, Conformance and Enhancement of Business Processes Process Mining Wil M. P. van der Aalst Computer Science ProcessMining Discovery, Conformance organizations diagnose problems based on fiction rather than facts. Process mining is an emerging discipline

  14. van der Waerden's Theorem and Topological Dynamics Proof Mining

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gerhardy, Philipp

    van der Waerden's Theorem and Topological Dynamics Proof Mining Proof Analysis Conclusion Proof Mining in Topological Dynamics Philipp Gerhardy Department of Mathematics University of Oslo Logic Colloquium 2008, Bern, Switzerland, July 3-8. Philipp Gerhardy Proof Mining in Topological Dynamics #12;van

  15. TS 10 Developing Land Administration Systems Paul van der Molen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    TS 10 ­ Developing Land Administration Systems Paul van der Molen TS10.5 Some Microeconomic Aspects Microeconomic Aspects of Land Ownership Paul VAN DER MOLEN, The Netherlands Key words: land administration, microeconomics, institutions, property rights, transaction costs, land markets SUMMARY Land administration ('the

  16. United Parcel Service Evaluates Hybrid Electric Delivery Vans (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2010-02-01

    This fact sheet describes how the National Renewable Energy Laboratory's Fleet Test and Evaluation team evaluated the 12-month, in-service performance of six Class 4 hybrid electric delivery vans - fueled by regular diesel - and six comparable conventional diesel vans operated by the United Parcel Service.

  17. Paul van der Molen Good Administration of Land in Europe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paul van der Molen Good Administration of Land in Europe UN, FIG, PC IDEA Inter-regional Special 2004 1/14 Good Administration of Land in Europe Paul van der MOLEN, The Netherlands Keywords: land administration, spatial data infrastructures, land policy, Europe ABSTRACT Europe's history resulted in a variety

  18. Verifying One Hundred Prisoners and a Light-Hans van Ditmarsch, Jan van Eijck and William Wu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Eijck, Jan

    Verifying One Hundred Prisoners and a Light- bulb Hans van Ditmarsch, Jan van Eijck and William Wu analyze the `one hundred prisoners and a lightbulb' puzzle. In this puzzle it is relevant what the agents (prisoners) know, how their knowledge changes due to observations, and how they affect the state of the world

  19. Resonance Van Hove Singularities in Wave Kinetics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shi, Yi-Kang

    2015-01-01

    Wave kinetic theory has been developed to describe the statistical dynamics of weakly nonlinear, dispersive waves. However, we show that systems which are generally dispersive can have resonant sets of wave modes with identical group velocities, leading to a local breakdown of dispersivity. This shows up as a geometric singularity of the resonant manifold and possibly as an infinite phase measure in the collision integral. Such singularities occur widely for classical wave systems, including acoustical waves, Rossby waves, helical waves in rotating fluids, light waves in nonlinear optics and also in quantum transport, e.g. kinetics of electron-hole excitations (matter waves) in graphene. These singularities are the exact analogue of the critical points found by Van Hove in 1953 for phonon dispersion relations in crystals. The importance of these singularities in wave kinetics depends on the dimension of phase space $D=(N-2)d$ ($d$ physical space dimension, $N$ the number of waves in resonance) and the degree ...

  20. Resonance Van Hove Singularities in Wave Kinetics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yi-Kang Shi; Gregory Eyink

    2015-07-29

    Wave kinetic theory has been developed to describe the statistical dynamics of weakly nonlinear, dispersive waves. However, we show that systems which are generally dispersive can have resonant sets of wave modes with identical group velocities, leading to a local breakdown of dispersivity. This shows up as a geometric singularity of the resonant manifold and possibly as an infinite phase measure in the collision integral. Such singularities occur widely for classical wave systems, including acoustical waves, Rossby waves, helical waves in rotating fluids, light waves in nonlinear optics and also in quantum transport, e.g. kinetics of electron-hole excitations (matter waves) in graphene. These singularities are the exact analogue of the critical points found by Van Hove in 1953 for phonon dispersion relations in crystals. The importance of these singularities in wave kinetics depends on the dimension of phase space $D=(N-2)d$ ($d$ physical space dimension, $N$ the number of waves in resonance) and the degree of degeneracy $\\delta$ of the critical points. Following Van Hove, we show that non-degenerate singularities lead to finite phase measures for $D>2$ but produce divergences when $D\\leq 2$ and possible breakdown of wave kinetics if the collision integral itself becomes too large (or even infinite). Similar divergences and possible breakdown can occur for degenerate singularities, when $D-\\delta\\leq 2,$ as we find for several physical examples, including electron-hole kinetics in graphene. When the standard kinetic equation breaks down, then one must develop a new singular wave kinetics. We discuss approaches from pioneering 1971 work of Newell \\& Aucoin on multi-scale perturbation theory for acoustic waves and field-theoretic methods based on exact Schwinger-Dyson integral equations for the wave dynamics.

  1. 1 Aard en opzet van de onder-De drie onderzoeken PPON, TIMSS en PISA beschrijven

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al Hanbali, Ahmad

    16 J. Bokhove 1 Aard en opzet van de onder- zoeken De drie onderzoeken PPON, TIMSS en PISA. Bij TIMSS en PISA gaat het om vergelijkingen van deze opbrengsten met die van andere landen en het-wiskundeonderwijs: PPON, TIMSS en PISA. In dit artikel beschrijf ik eerst de opzet van de drie onderzoeken. Daarna wordt

  2. VITO-gesponsorde doctoraatsonderzoeker Invloed van gedrag op de geaggregeerde blootstelling aan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gent, Universiteit

    modelvoorspellingen zal gebeuren aan de hand van berekeningen voor een chemische stof, meer specifiek bisfenol A

  3. rofessor Annemie Vandamme, van de Afdeling Klinische en Epi-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davis, Jesse

    -Gedragslijn voor studenten De grens tussen kunnen en mogen 6 Therapie voor arachnofoben Spin-off neemt spinfobie van U tot Z 10 Alumnikrant Vorming: mens en milieu, ver- vuiling en gezondheid 11 Alumnikrant

  4. Dagboek van een reis naar Californie Albert Polman

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Polman, Albert

    's middags de voorselectie van kandidaten voor de Philips-AMOLF groep. Daardoor weinig tijd om het verhaal over de witte scholen in Amsterdam. Ik weet uit eigen ervaring dat de wethouder staat te liegen

  5. Influence of direct motor-motor interaction in models for cargo transport by a single team of motors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sebastian Bouzat; Fernando Falo

    2010-12-14

    We analyze theoretically the effects of excluded-volume interactions between motors on the dynamics of a cargo driven by multiple motors. The model considered shares many commons with other recently proposed in the literature, with the addition of direct interaction between motors and motor back steps. The cargo is assumed to follow a continuum Langevin dynamics, while individual motors evolve following a Monte Carlo algorithm based on experimentally accessible probabilities for discrete forward and backward jumps, and attachment and detachment rates. The links between cargo and motors are considered as non linear springs. By means of numerical simulations we compute the relevant quantities characterizing the dynamical properties of the system, and we compare the results to those for non interacting motors. We find that interactions lead to quite relevant changes in the force-velocity relation for cargo, with a considerable reduction of the stall force, and cause also a notable decrease of the run length. These effects are mainly due to traffic-like phenomena in the microtubule. The consideration of several parallel tracks for motors reduces such effects. However, we find that for realistic values of the number of motors and the number of tracks, the influence of interactions on the global parameters of transport of cargo are far from being negligible. Our studies provide also an analysis of the relevance of motor back steps on the modeling, and of the influence of different assumptions for the detachment rates. In particular, we discuss these two aspects in connection with the possibility of observing processive back motion of cargo at large load forces.

  6. The hidden duplication past of Arabidopsis thaliana Cedric Simillion, Klaas Vandepoele, Marc C. E. Van Montagu, Marc Zabeau, and Yves Van de Peer*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gent, Universiteit

    The hidden duplication past of Arabidopsis thaliana Cedric Simillion, Klaas Vandepoele, Marc C. E. Van Montagu, Marc Zabeau, and Yves Van de Peer* Department of Plant Systems Biology, Flanders Contributed by Marc C. E. Van Montagu, August 28, 2002 Analysis of the genome sequence of Arabidopsis thaliana

  7. NSF/UNOLS Van Pool Electrical Requirements This page describes the electrical requirements for the vans in the West Coast pool

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kurapov, Alexander

    NSF/UNOLS Van Pool Electrical Requirements This page describes the electrical requirements onboard vessels. The van will be delivered with detailed electrical connection procedures which must electrical system. Each van is capable of operation from 208, 240 or 460 (440 to 480) V single-phase systems

  8. GWU Personnel: Dr. J. Rene van Dorp VCU Personnel: Dr. Jason R. W. Merrick

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Dorp, Johan René

    2010 POTENTIAL GROUNDING OIL FUEL AND CARGO LOSSES BY ALL FV, CARGO ­ FV, TANK- FV and WHAT-IF FV + Bunkering Barges 67 Delta Port Container Ships+ Bunkering Barges D raft #12;100 % ALL FV TRAFFIC 86.3 % PGFO GROUNDING FUEL OIL LOSS PCFO : POTENTIAL GROUNDING FUEL OIL LOSS - PER YEAR 2010 BASE CASE 00.0 % PGFO WHAT

  9. GWU Personnel: Dr. J. Rene van Dorp VCU Personnel: Dr. Jason R. W. Merrick

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Dorp, Johan René

    2010 POTENTIAL COLLISION OIL FUEL AND CARGO LOSSES BY ALL FV, CARGO ­ FV, TANK- FV AND WHAT-IF FV + Bunkering Barges 67 Delta Port Container Ships+ Bunkering Barges D raft #12;100 % ALL FV TRAFFIC 43.5 % PCFO COLLISION FUEL OIL LOSS PCFO : POTENTIAL COLLISION FUEL OIL LOSS - PER YEAR 2010 BASE CASE 00.0 % PCFO WHAT

  10. A Materials Perspective on Casimir and van der Waals Interactions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    L. M. Woods; D. A. R. Dalvit; A. Tkatchenko; P. Rodriguez-Lopez; A. W. Rodriguez; R. Podgornik

    2015-09-10

    Interactions induced by electromagnetic fluctuations, such as van der Waals and Casimir forces, are of universal nature present at any length scale between any types of systems with finite dimensions. Such interactions are important not only for the fundamental science of materials behavior, but also for the design and improvement of micro- and nano-structured devices. In the past decade, many new materials have become available, which has stimulated the need of understanding their dispersive interactions. The field of van der Waals and Casimir forces has experienced an impetus in terms of developing novel theoretical and computational methods to provide new insights in related phenomena. The understanding of such forces has far reaching consequences as it bridges concepts in materials, atomic and molecular physics, condensed matter physics, high energy physics, chemistry and biology. In this review, we summarize major breakthroughs and emphasize the common origin of van der Waals and Casimir interactions. We examine progress related to novel ab initio modeling approaches and their application in various systems, interactions in materials with Dirac-like spectra, force manipulations through nontrivial boundary conditions, and applications of van der Waals forces in organic and biological matter. The outlook of the review is to give the scientific community a materials perspective of van der Waals and Casimir phenomena and stimulate the development of experimental techniques and applications.

  11. 1. Laat 0 < a < . In deze som integreren we de functie over de randen van de vierkanten

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hulshof, Joost

    . f) Bepaal de residuen in de andere singulariteiten van f(z). Opmerking: eerste orde polen, dus residuen. Bijdragen in de som van de eerste orde polen binnen n en van de pool in z = -a. h) Bereken met

  12. A Materials Perspective on Casimir and van der Waals Interactions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Woods, L M; Tkatchenko, A; Rodriguez-Lopez, P; Rodriguez, A W; Podgornik, R

    2015-01-01

    Interactions induced by electromagnetic fluctuations, such as van der Waals and Casimir forces, are of universal nature present at any length scale between any types of systems with finite dimensions. Such interactions are important not only for the fundamental science of materials behavior, but also for the design and improvement of micro- and nano-structured devices. In the past decade, many new materials have become available, which has stimulated the need of understanding their dispersive interactions. The field of van der Waals and Casimir forces has experienced an impetus in terms of developing novel theoretical and computational methods to provide new insights in related phenomena. The understanding of such forces has far reaching consequences as it bridges concepts in materials, atomic and molecular physics, condensed matter physics, high energy physics, chemistry and biology. In this review, we summarize major breakthroughs and emphasize the common origin of van der Waals and Casimir interactions. We...

  13. Twelve-Month Evaluation of UPS Diesel Hybrid Electric Delivery Vans

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lammert, M.

    2009-12-01

    Results of an NREL study of a parallel hybrid electric-diesel propulsion system in United Parcel Service-operated delivery vans show that the hybrids had higher fuel economy than standard diesel vans.

  14. BREAKDOWN OF LINDSTEDT EXPANSION FOR CHAOTIC MAPS GUIDO GENTILE AND TITUS S. VAN ERP

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roma "La Sapienza", Università di

    BREAKDOWN OF LINDSTEDT EXPANSION FOR CHAOTIC MAPS GUIDO GENTILE AND TITUS S. VAN ERP Abstract; critical constant; natural boundary. 1 #12; 2 GUIDO GENTILE AND TITUS S. VAN ERP The theoretical framework

  15. BREAKDOWN OF LINDSTEDT EXPANSION FOR CHAOTIC MAPS GUIDO GENTILE AND TITUS S. VAN ERP

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gentile, Guido

    BREAKDOWN OF LINDSTEDT EXPANSION FOR CHAOTIC MAPS GUIDO GENTILE AND TITUS S. VAN ERP Abstract; critical constant; natural boundary. 1 #12;2 GUIDO GENTILE AND TITUS S. VAN ERP The theoretical framework

  16. SYMMETRIC SKEW QUASISYMMETRIC SCHUR FUNCTIONS CHRISTINE BESSENRODT, VASU TEWARI, AND STEPHANIE VAN WILLIGENBURG

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bessenrodt, Christine

    SYMMETRIC SKEW QUASISYMMETRIC SCHUR FUNCTIONS CHRISTINE BESSENRODT, VASU TEWARI, AND STEPHANIE VAN by the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation. 1 #12;2 CHRISTINE BESSENRODT, VASU TEWARI, AND STEPHANIE VAN WILLIGENBURG

  17. GWU Personnel: Dr. J. Rene van Dorp VCU Personnel: Dr. Jason R. W. Merrick

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Dorp, Johan René

    Personnel: Dr. J. Rene van Dorp, Dr. Jack Harrald, Dr. Greg Shaw, Adil Caner Sener, Christian Salmon VCU

  18. Uphill transport and the probabilistic transport model B. Ph. van Milligen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Milligen, Boudewijn

    Uphill transport and the probabilistic transport model B. Ph. van Milligen Asociacio´n EURATOM-CIEMAT

  19. HOW MANGROVES SALINIZE THE SOIL C. J. VAN DUIJN, G. GALIANO, AND M. A. PELETIER

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peletier, Mark

    . Affiliations: ffl C. J. van Duijn, M. A. Peletier: Centrum voor Wiskunde en Informatica, P.O. Box 94079, 1090

  20. Thesis Oscillations in the Brain -1-Marieke van Vugt Oscillations in the Brain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Vugt, Marieke

    Thesis Oscillations in the Brain -1- Marieke van Vugt Oscillations in the Brain: A Dynamic Memory Model Marieke van Vugt Honors thesis sciences University College Utrecht Spring semester 2002 #12;Thesis #12;Thesis Oscillations in the Brain -3- Marieke van Vugt Introduction In the field of neuroscience

  1. RESEARCH ARTICLE A seasonal cycle of terrestrial inputs in Lake Van, Turkey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilli, Adrian

    RESEARCH ARTICLE A seasonal cycle of terrestrial inputs in Lake Van, Turkey C. Huguet & S. Fietz Van in Turkey is the world's largest soda lake (607 km3 ). The lake's catchment area is estimated the environmental status of a lake today and in the recent history. Lake Van in Eastern Anatolia (Turkey

  2. S. van Bakel Computer Systems -Autumn 2013 p.1/306 Computer Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Bakel, Steffen

    Computer Systems S. van Bakel Computer Systems - Autumn 2013 p.1/306 #12;Computer Systems Dr or tutorial) best via email; reply will go (anonymised) back to the whole class. S. van Bakel Computer Systems of the implementation of main OS functions through the operation system Minix. S. van Bakel Computer Systems - Autumn

  3. Hugo van Dam and the dynamic adjoint function Imre Pa zsit*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pázsit, Imre

    Hugo van Dam and the dynamic adjoint function Imre Pa´ zsit* Department of Reactor Physics, Chalmers University of Technology, SE-412 96 Go¨teborg, Sweden Dedicated to Prof. Dr. Hugo van Dam into perspective the seminal contribution of Hugo van Dam to the development of neutron noise diagnostics

  4. Effects of magnetite on high-frequency ground-penetrating radar Remke L. Van Dam1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Borchers, Brian

    Effects of magnetite on high-frequency ground-penetrating radar Remke L. Van Dam1 , Jan M. H, paleoclimatology (Maher and Thompson, 1995), soil development (Singer et al., 1996; Van Dam et al., 2008 et al., 2011), the detection of unexploded ordnance (UXO) and land mines (Van Dam et al., 2005

  5. Deep Equality Revisited \\Lambda Serge Abiteboul Jan Van den Bussche

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abiteboul, Serge

    Deep Equality Revisited \\Lambda Serge Abiteboul Jan Van den Bussche INRIA Rocquencourt y Abstract We revisit the notion of deep equality among objects in an ob­ ject database from a formal point of view. We present three natural formalizations of deep equality: one based on the infinite value

  6. Distributed Operating Systems ANDREW S. TANENBAUM and ROBBERT VAN RENESSE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Newhall, Tia

    Distributed Operating Systems ANDREW S. TANENBAUM and ROBBERT VAN RENESSE Department of Mathematics and Computer Science, Vrije Universiteit, Amsterdam, The Netherlands Distributed operating systems have many as an introduction to distributed operating systems, and especially to current university research about them. After

  7. DHV water pumping optimization Simon van Mourik1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rottschäfer, Vivi

    Chapter 6 DHV water pumping optimization Simon van Mourik1 Joris Bierkens2 Hans Stigter1 Martijn for optimizing a drinking water network over a horizon of 48 hours, given variable water demands, energy prices and constraints on the pumping strategy and water levels in the reservoirs. Both the dynamic model and goal

  8. Biosensors and multiple mycotoxin analysis Bram van der Gaag 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Vliet, Lucas J.

    Biosensors and multiple mycotoxin analysis Bram van der Gaag 1 , Sabine Spath, Heidi Dietrich; received in revised form 2 November 2002; accepted 4 November 2002 Abstract An immunochemical biosensor concentration thus measured by the biosensor are those due to binding and dissociation of interacting molecules

  9. Excited nucleon as a van der Waals system of partons

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jenkovszky, L. L.; Muskeyev, A. O. Yezhov, S. N.

    2012-06-15

    Saturation in deep inelastic scattering (DIS) and deeply virtual Compton scattering (DVCS) is associated with a phase transition between the partonic gas, typical of moderate x and Q{sup 2}, and partonic fluid appearing at increasing Q{sup 2} and decreasing Bjorken x. We suggest the van der Waals equation of state to describe properly this phase transition.

  10. Increasing Youth and Community Agency in GIS Sarah Van Wart

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parikh, Tapan S.

    Increasing Youth and Community Agency in GIS Sarah Van Wart UC Berkeley School of Information to submit and view geographic data, most users are still excluded from GIS design and decision-making. Local) tools, with the process-oriented, inclusive emphasis of Participatory and Qualitative GIS. Users start

  11. On the Education of GIS Algorithm Design Marc van Kreveld

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Utrecht, Universiteit

    On the Education of GIS Algorithm Design Marc van Kreveld institute of information and computing sciences, utrecht university technical report UU-CS-2003-029 www.cs.uu.nl #12;On the Education of GIS-mail: marc@cs.uu.nl Abstract To teach the design of algorithms in an algorithmic GIS course, it is suggested

  12. Enhancing Fish Tank VR Jurriaan D. Mulder, Robert van Liere

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liere, Robert van

    Enhancing Fish Tank VR Jurriaan D. Mulder, Robert van Liere Center for Mathematics and Computer Science CWI Amsterdam, the Netherlands mullie¡ robertl¢ @cwi.nl Abstract Fish tank VR systems provide that resides at a fixed location. Therefore, fish tank VR systems provide only a limited virtual workspace

  13. Statistical mechanics of simple fluids: beyond van der Waals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lebowitz, Joel

    Statistical mechanics of simple fluids: beyond van der Waals Equilibrium properties of dense fluids, such as a fluid of "hard spheres," and to calculations on high-speed computers. Joel L. Lebowitz and Eduardo M. Waisman Dense fluids, defined to include both dense gases and liquids, have the repu- tation of being

  14. Critical behavior in inhomogeneous random graphs Remco van der Hofstad

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hofstad, Remco van der

    Critical behavior in inhomogeneous random graphs Remco van der Hofstad June 10, 2010 Abstract We study the critical behavior of inhomogeneous random graphs where edges are present independently but with unequal edge occupation probabilities. The edge probabilities are moderated by vertex weights

  15. Fluorocarbons: Surface Free Energies and van der Waals Interaction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chan, Derek Y C

    Letters Fluorocarbons: Surface Free Energies and van der Waals Interaction Calum J. Drummond surface free energies based on contact angle measurements with dispersive organic liquids depend of dispersive materials, the surface free energy per unit area of a solid organic material can be used

  16. Viewpoints in Software Architecture Reconstruction Arie van Deursen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Deursen, Arie

    Recommended Practice for Architectural Description of Software-intensive Systems [3] give a larger catalogViewpoints in Software Architecture Reconstruction Arie van Deursen CWI & Delft Univ. of Technology, FIN-00045, Helsinki, Finland claudio.riva@nokia.com 1 Introduction Many software engineering tasks

  17. The Wave Digital Tonehole Model Maarten van Walstijn

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith III, Julius Orion

    The Wave Digital Tonehole Model Maarten van Walstijn Faculty of Music, University of Edinburgh 12 with the use of wave digital filter techniques. INTRODUCTION Physical modelling of woodwind instruments of any physically and musically feasible dimensions, 2) can be applied in the efficient travelling-wave

  18. Process Mining Manifesto Wil van der Aalst1,2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van der Aalst, Wil

    1 Process Mining Manifesto Wil van der Aalst1,2 , Arya Adriansyah1 , Ana Karla Alves de Medeiros50/Verint, USA 16 Business Process Mining, Australia 17 Business Process Trends, USA 18 Gartner, USA 19 Deloitte and Technology, Korea 40 Cranfield University, UK 41 K.U. Leuven, Belgium 42 Tsinghua University, China 43

  19. ABL: Alignment-Based Learning Menno van Zaanen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ABL: Alignment-Based Learning Menno van Zaanen School of Computer Studies University of Leeds LS2 9JT Leeds UK menno@scs.leeds.ac.uk Abstract This paper introduces a new type of grammar learning of at sentences as input and returns a corpus of labelled, bracketed sen- tences. The method works on pairs

  20. Jan Van Haaren jan.vanhaaren@cs.kuleuven.be

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davis, Jesse

    2.3 Effici¨entie beeld geven van onder andere hun dominantie, aanvallende ingesteldheid, effici¨entie voor doel en verplaat- sing. · Anderlecht en Club Brugge krikten hun effici¨entie in de play-offs enorm op tegenover de

  1. Original articles Ole Seehausen Jacques J.M. van Alphen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Original articles Ole Seehausen á Jacques J.M. van Alphen The effect of male coloration on female white light and under monochromatic light, under which the interspe- ci®c dierences in coloration were visible, but chose non-as- sortatively when colour dierences were masked by light conditions. Neither male

  2. R. Snieder ( ) T. van Eck Department of Geophysics, Utrecht University,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Snieder, Roel

    ORIGINAL PAPER R. Snieder · T. van Eck Earthquake prediction: a political problem? Received: 22 July 1996 / Accepted: 23 January 1997 Abstract Earthquake prediction is an area of research of great scientific on society. Earthquake prediction in the sense of making deterministic predictions about the place, time

  3. ESCRT-III subunits Snf7-1 and Snf7-2 differentially regulate transmembrane cargos in hESC-derived human neurons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Jin-A; Liu, Lei; Javier, Robyn; Kreitzer, Anatol C; Delaloy, Celine; Gao, Fen-Biao

    2011-01-01

    transmembrane cargos in hESC-derived human neurons Jin-A Leehuman postmitotic neurons derived from hESCs To establish ain the presence of brain-derived neuro- trophic factor (

  4. UNOLS VAN SHARED-USE AGREEMENT Applicability: This agreement applies to all new vans built to the UNOLS standards, as

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kurapov, Alexander

    built to the UNOLS standards, as well as all existing vans which are adequately constructed with simple, in-house procedures is considered beyond the scope of "normal wear and tear". All clean-up costs of such contamination, and/or disposal costs for all radioactive wastes, will be charged directly to the science party

  5. Fault Process and Broadband Ground-Motion Simulations of the 23 October 2011 Van (Eastern Turkey) Earthquake

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cerveny, Vlastislav

    Fault Process and Broadband Ground-Motion Simulations of the 23 October 2011 Van (Eastern Turkey Abstract On 23 October 2011 an Mw 7.1 earthquake occurred in eastern Turkey, close to the towns of Van.1 Van earthquake occurred on 23 October 2011 in eastern Turkey, close to the towns of Van and Erci

  6. Enhancing Oblivious RAM Performance Using Dynamic Prefetching Xiangyao Yu, Ling Ren, Christopher Fletcher, Albert Kwon, Marten van Dijk, Srinivas Devadas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    Fletcher, Albert Kwon, Marten van Dijk, Srinivas Devadas Massachusetts Institute of Technology - {yxy

  7. Caches and Hash Trees for Efficient Memory Integrity Verification Blaise Gassend, G. Edward Suh, Dwaine Clarke, Marten van Dijk

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Ruby B.

    , Dwaine Clarke, Marten van Dijk and Srinivas Devadas Massachusetts Institute of Technology Laboratory

  8. The effect of cargo on the crush loading of RAM transportation packages in ship collisions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Radloff, H.D.; Ammerman, D.J.

    1998-03-01

    Recent intercontinental radioactive material shipping campaigns have focused public and regulatory attention on the safety of transport of this material by ocean-going vessels. One major concern is the response of the vessel and onboard radioactive material (RAM) packages during a severe ship-to-ship collision. These collisions occur at velocities less than the velocity obtained in the Type B package regulatory impact event and the bow of the striking ship is less rigid than the unyielding target used in those tests (Ammerman and Daidola, 1996). This implies that ship impact is not a credible scenario for damaging the radioactive material packages during ship collisions. It is possible, however, for these collisions to generate significant amounts of crush force by the bow of the impacting ship overrunning the package. It is the aim of this paper to determine an upper bound on the magnitude of this crush force taking into account the strength of the radioactive material carrying vessel and any other cargo that may be stowed in the same hold as the radioactive material.

  9. Spin-Flavor van der Waals Forces and NN interaction

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Alvaro Calle Cordon, Enrique Ruiz Arriola

    2011-12-01

    A major goal in Nuclear Physics is the derivation of the Nucleon-Nucleon (NN) interaction from Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD). In QCD the fundamental degrees of freedom are colored quarks and gluons which are confined to form colorless strongly interacting hadrons. Because of this the resulting nuclear forces at sufficiently large distances correspond to spin-flavor excitations, very much like the dipole excitations generating the van der Waals (vdW) forces acting between atoms. We study the Nucleon-Nucleon interaction in the Born-Oppenheimer approximation at second order in perturbation theory including the Delta resonance as an intermediate state. The potential resembles strongly chiral potentials computed either via soliton models or chiral perturbation theory and has a van der Waals like singularity at short distances which is handled by means of renormalization techniques. Results for the deuteron are discussed.

  10. Eddy currents in a transverse MRI gradient coil. J.M.B. Kroot, S.J.L. van Eijndhoven, A.A.F. van de Ven

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eindhoven, Technische Universiteit

    Eddy currents in a transverse MRI gradient coil. J.M.B. Kroot, S.J.L. van Eijndhoven, A.A.F. van de logarithmically singular kernel represents inductive effects related to the occurrence of eddy currents on the development of eddy currents in the gradient coils, which have a negative effect on the uniformity

  11. 1Electricity from Sunlight: The Van Allen Probes Solar Panels NASA's twin Van Allen Probes spacecraft will be launched in 2012. The

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1Electricity from Sunlight: The Van Allen Probes Solar Panels NASA's twin Van Allen Probes of the surrounding four solar panel `wings' that provide power to the spacecraft instruments. The small blue rectangles within each of the four solar panels show the location of the solar cells used to power

  12. Secure Key Generation from Biased PUFs Roel Maes1, Vincent van der Leest1, Erik van der Sluis1, and Frans

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    Secure Key Generation from Biased PUFs Roel Maes1, Vincent van der Leest1, Erik van der Sluis1.U. Eindhoven, Eindhoven, Netherlands f.m.j.willems@tue.nl Abstract. PUF-based key generators have been widely for PUF- based key generation. Additionally, the solutions are all evaluated based on reliability

  13. Structure and dynamics of small van der Waals complexes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Loreau, J.

    2014-10-06

    We illustrate computational aspects of the calculation of the potential energy surfaces of small (up to five atoms) van der Waals complexes with high-level quantum chemistry techniques such as the CCSD(T) method with extended basis sets. We discuss the compromise between the required accuracy and the computational time. Further, we show how these potential energy surfaces can be fitted and used in dynamical calculations such as non-reactive inelastic scattering.

  14. A van der Waals free energy in electrolytes revisited

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. Jancovici

    2006-02-15

    A system of three electrolytes separated by two parallel planes is considered. Each region is described by a dielectric constant and a Coulomb fluid in the Debye-H\\"uckel regime. In their book Dispersion Forces, Mahanty and Ninham have given the van der Waals free energy of this system. We rederive this free energy by a different method, using linear response theory and the electrostatic Maxwell stress tensor for obtaining the dispersion force.

  15. MELTER: A model of the thermal response of cargos transported in the Safe-Secure Trailer subject to fire environments for risk assessment applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Larsen, M.E.

    1994-08-01

    MELTER is an analysis of cargo responses inside a fire-threatened Safe-Secure Trailer (SST) developed for the Defense Program Transportation Risk Assessment (DPTRA). Many simplifying assumptions are required to make the subject problem tractable. MELTER incorporates modeling which balances the competing requirements of execution speed, generality, completeness of essential physics, and robustness. Input parameters affecting the analysis include those defining the fire scenario, those defining the cargo loaded in the SST, and those defining properties of the SST. For a specified fire, SST, and cargo geometry MELTER predicts the critical fire duration that will lead to a failure. The principal features of the analysis include: (a) Geometric considerations to interpret fire-scenario descriptors in terms of a thermal radiation boundary condition, (b) a simple model of the SST`s wall combining the diffusion model for radiation through optically-thick media with an endothermic reaction front to describe the charring of dimensional, rigid foam in the SST wall, (c) a transient radiation enclosure model, (d) a one-dimensional, spherical idealization of the shipped cargos providing modularity so that cargos of interest can be inserted into the model, and (e) associated numerical methods to integrate coupled, differential equations and find roots.

  16. Interim Project Results: United Parcel Service's Second-Generation Hybrid-Electric Delivery Vans (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2012-01-01

    This fact sheet describes the performance evaluation of United Parcel Service's second-generation hybrid-electric delivery vans. The Fleet Test and Evaluation Team at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) is evaluating the 18-month, in-service performance of 11 of these vans along with 11 comparable conventional diesel vans operating in Minneapolis, Minnesota. As a complement to the field study, the team recently completed fuel economy and emissions testing at NREL's Renewable Fuels and Lubricants (ReFUEL) laboratory.

  17. Project Overview: United Parcel Service's Second-Generation Hybrid-Electric Delivery Vans (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2011-11-01

    This fact sheet describes UPS second generation hybrid-electric delivery vehicles as compared to conventional delivery vehicles. Medium-duty commercial vehicles such as moving trucks, beverage-delivery trucks, and package-delivery vans consume almost 2,000 gal of fuel per year on average. United Parcel Service (UPS) operates hybrid-electric package-delivery vans to reduce the fuel use and emissions of its fleet. In 2008, the National Renewable Energy Laboratory's (NREL's) Fleet Test and Evaluation Team evaluated the first generation of UPS' hybrid delivery vans. These hybrid vans demonstrated 29%-37% higher fuel economy than comparable conventional diesel vans, which contributed to UPS' decision to add second-generation hybrid vans to its fleet. The Fleet Test and Evaluation Team is now evaluating the 18-month, in-service performance of 11 second-generation hybrid vans and 11 comparable conventional diesel vans operated by UPS in Minneapolis, Minnesota. The evaluation also includes testing fuel economy and emissions at NREL's Renewable Fuels and Lubricants (ReFUEL) Laboratory and comparing diesel particulate filter (DPF) regeneration. In addition, a followup evaluation of UPS' first-generation hybrid vans will show how those vehicles performed over three years of operation. One goal of this project is to provide a consistent comparison of fuel economy and operating costs between the second-generation hybrid vans and comparable conventional vans. Additional goals include quantifying the effects of hybridization on DPF regeneration and helping UPS select delivery routes for its hybrid vans that maximize the benefits of hybrid technology. This document introduces the UPS second-generation hybrid evaluation project. Final results will be available in mid-2012.

  18. For Immediate Release --Thursday, June 19, 2014 Cor Van Raay's $5-million gift to support agricultural

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Morris, Joy

    of agricultural professions for future generations." Van Raay and his late wife focus to a new farming operation he's establishing in Saskatchewan. The $5

  19. Van Geet Off-Grid Home: An Integrated Approach to Energy Savings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2004-08-01

    The Van Geet home near Denver, Colorado, exemplifies the effectiveness of coupling energy conservation measures with renewable energy utilization in a modern residence.

  20. Body-assisted van der Waals interaction between excited atoms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hassan Safari; Mohammad Reza Karimpour

    2014-12-12

    We present a formula for the body-assisted van der Waals interaction potential between two atoms, one or both being prepared in an excited energy eigenstate. The presence of arbitrary arrangement for material environment is taken into account via the Green function. The resulting formula supports one of two conflicting findings recorded. The consistency of our formula is investigated by applying it for the case of two atoms in free space and comparing the resulting expression with the one found from the limiting Casimir-Polder potential between an excited atom and a small dielectric sphere.

  1. Van Allen probes pinpoint driver of speeding electrons

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home RoomPreservationBio-Inspired SolarAbout /Two0 -Using supercritical carbonValgrindandValuationVan

  2. Mysterious electron stash found hidden among Van Allen belts

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMass map shines light on77 PAGEMissionStressMoveMuncrief Ames019 For moreMy FirstMyVan

  3. Van Buren Light & Power Dist | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop IncIowa (Utility Company) JumpGTZUtility Rates API VersionVadiumNevada)ValueVan

  4. Van Alstyne, Texas: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EA EISTJThin FilmUnitedVairex Corporation Jump to:Valley Rural ElectricVan

  5. UBC Social Ecological Economic Development Studies (SEEDS) Student Report Andrew Roach, Chris Forrest, Jedaiah van Dijk, Jess Herman, Ricky Sangha, Svyatoslav Korshunov

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Forrest, Jedaiah van Dijk, Jess Herman, Ricky Sangha, Svyatoslav Korshunov REDEVELOPMENT OF THE UBC #3 Andrew Roach Chris Forrest ( Jedaiah van Dijk ( Jess Herman ( Ricky Sangha ( Svyatoslav Korshunov

  6. van Dijk, S., and Polani, D., (2011). Grounding Subgoals in In-formation Transitions. In Proc. IEEE Symposium Series in Com-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Polani, Daniel

    2011-01-01

    Preprint van Dijk, S., and Polani, D., (2011). Grounding Subgoals in In- formation Transitions G. van Dijk Daniel Polani Adaptive Systems Research Group Univeristy of Hertfordshire Hatfield, UK

  7. Voorkennis wiskunde voor Biologie, Chemie, Geografie Onderstaand overzicht volgt de structuur van het boek Wiskundige basisvaardigheden met bijhorende

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Einmahl, Uwe

    Voorkennis wiskunde voor Biologie, Chemie, Geografie Onderstaand overzicht volgt de structuur van meer informatie: contacteer csb.etterbeek@vub.ac.be #12;Voorkennis wiskunde voor Biologie, Chemie voor Biologie, Chemie, Geografie Algebra [ ] · Reële getallen rekenregels van reële getallen, decimale

  8. Published as: Daniela Petrelli, Luigina Ciolfi, Dick van Dijk, Eva Hornecker, Elena Not, Albrecht Schmidt. Integrating material

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hornecker, Eva

    Published as: Daniela Petrelli, Luigina Ciolfi, Dick van Dijk, Eva Hornecker, Elena Not, Albrecht.ciolfi@shu.ac.uk Dick van Dijk | Waag Society | dick@waag.org Eva Hornecker | University of Strathclyde | eva

  9. The annual particle cycle in Lake Van (Turkey) Mona Stockhecke a,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilli, Adrian

    The annual particle cycle in Lake Van (Turkey) Mona Stockhecke a, , Flavio S. Anselmetti, Jeoloji Mühendislii Bölümü 65080, Van, Turkey c Remote Sensing Laboratories, Department of Geography Anatolia (Turkey), a closed-basin lake located in a transitional zone between major atmospheric circulation

  10. Robust Optimization of Oil Reservoir Flooding G.M. van Essen, M.J. Zandvliet,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Van den Hof, Paul

    Robust Optimization of Oil Reservoir Flooding G.M. van Essen, M.J. Zandvliet, P.M.J. Van den Hof developments have been introduced within the field of oil recovery, with the aim to maximize production of oil wells", which are equipped with control valves to actively control the oil production. The optimal

  11. The energization of relativistic electrons in the outer Van Allen radiation belt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Loss, Daniel

    LETTERS The energization of relativistic electrons in the outer Van Allen radiation belt YUE CHEN online: 1 July 2007; doi:10.1038/nphys655 The origin and dynamics of the Van Allen radiation belts is one. These observations represent an important step towards a more complete physical understanding of radiation belt

  12. VAN DER WAALS INTERACTION AND STABILITY OF MULTILAYERED LIQUID-CRYSTALLINE SYSTEMS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sarlah, Andreja

    VAN DER WAALS INTERACTION AND STABILITY OF MULTILAYERED LIQUID-CRYSTALLINE SYSTEMS A. Sarlah and S of thin liquid-crystalline depositions. Here we apply the study of the van der Waals force to multilayered nematic liquid-crystalline systems. In nematic wetting systems the degree of nematic order

  13. EARTH'S DEEP WATER CYCLE Steven D. Jacobsen and Suzan van der Lee

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van der Lee, Suzan

    CONTENTS EARTH'S DEEP WATER CYCLE Preface Steven D. Jacobsen and Suzan van der Lee I. Overviews Nominally Anhydrous Minerals and Earth's Deep Water Cycle Joseph R. Smyth and Steven D. Jacobsen Seismological Constraints on Earth's Deep Water Cycle Suzan van der Lee and Doug Wiens II. Water Storage

  14. Delineating Boundaries for Imprecise Regions Iris Reinbacher Marc Benkert Marc van Kreveld

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mitchell, Joseph S.B.

    Delineating Boundaries for Imprecise Regions Iris Reinbacher Marc Benkert Marc van Kreveld Joseph S, minimum-perimeter polygons Corresponding Author: Marc van Kreveld Universiteit Utrecht Department: +31 (30) 251 3791 Email: marc@cs.uu.nl 1 #12;Delineating Boundaries for Imprecise Regions Iris

  15. Fouling of HVAC Fin and Tube Heat Exchangers Jeffrey Siegel and Van P. Carey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    LBNL-47668 Fouling of HVAC Fin and Tube Heat Exchangers Jeffrey Siegel and Van P. Carey FIN AND TUBE HEAT EXCHANGERS Jeffrey Siegel1,2 and Van P. Carey2 1 Lawrence Berkeley National, USA; E-mail: vcarey@euler.me.berkeley.edu ABSTRACT Fin and tube heat exchangers are used widely

  16. Underwater adhesion of abalone: The role of van der Waals and capillary forces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meyers, Marc A.

    Underwater adhesion of abalone: The role of van der Waals and capillary forces A.Y.M. Lin d,*, R reserved. Keywords: Abalone foot; Underwater adhesion; Van der Waals forces 1. Introduction Numerous and capillary forces gen- erated by nanoscaled fibrils on their feet [1­4]. Addition- ally, similar adhesive

  17. TS13 Land Administration in Post-Conflict Areas Paul van der Molen and Christiaan Lemmen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    TS13 ­ Land Administration in Post-Conflict Areas Paul van der Molen and Christiaan Lemmen TS13.1 Land Administration in Post-Conflict Areas 3rd FIG Regional Conference Jakarta, Indonesia, October 3-7, 2004 1/12 Land Administration in Post-Conflict Areas Paul van der MOLEN and Christiaan LEMMEN

  18. Kunstmatige Intelligentie (AI) Hoofdstuk 4.1.4 van Russell/Norvig = [RN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kosters, Walter

    10001000100 01101011001 9 #12;AI--Genetische algoritmen Mutatie Bij mutatie wordt elke bit van een individu met een zekere (kleine) kans, de mutation rate, omgeklapt. Een andere optie is om van elk individu een potenti¨ele oplossing, bij- voorbeeld met een "hill-climber". 10 #12;AI--Genetische algoritmen Voorbeeld

  19. Van Dam-Veltman-Zakharov discontinuity in topologically new massive gravity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yun Soo Myung

    2012-12-31

    We study van Dam-Veltman-Zakharov discontinuity in the topologically new massive gravity (TNMG). The reduction from 2 degrees of freedom to one is interpreted as van Dam-Veltman-Zakharov discontinuity appeared when going from anti-de Sitter spacetime to Minkowski spacetime in the linearized TNMG.

  20. Aberratie van het licht Stel dat je in een bepaalde richting wilt gaan bewegen. Neem dan het punt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Icke, Vincent

    waar je naartoe beweegt als nulpunt (de "pool") van alle hoekmetingen. Kijk naar een andere richting richting van de pool. Je ziet dus niet meer de hoek maar een andere hoek , gegeven door cos = v + c cos dat cos = 1 ofwel = 0. Dat betekent dat je alles om je heen op de plaats van de pool ziet staan: je

  1. Micro-Bubble Experiments at the Van de Graaff Accelerator

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sun, Z. J.; Wardle, Kent E.; Quigley, K. J.; Gromov, Roman; Youker, A. J.; Makarashvili, Vakhtang; Bailey, James; Stepinski, D. C.; Chemerisov, S. D.; Vandegrift, G. F.

    2015-02-01

    In order to test and verify the experimental designs at the linear accelerator (LINAC), several micro-scale bubble ("micro-bubble") experiments were conducted with the 3-MeV Van de Graaff (VDG) electron accelerator. The experimental setups included a square quartz tube, sodium bisulfate solution with different concentrations, cooling coils, gas chromatography (GC) system, raster magnets, and two high-resolution cameras that were controlled by a LabVIEW program. Different beam currents were applied in the VDG irradiation. Bubble generation (radiolysis), thermal expansion, thermal convection, and radiation damage were observed in the experiments. Photographs, videos, and gas formation (O2 + H2) data were collected. The micro-bubble experiments at VDG indicate that the design of the full-scale bubble experiments at the LINAC is reasonable.

  2. Heterostructures based on inorganic and organic van der Waals systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lee, Gwan-Hyoung; Lee, Chul-Ho; Zande, Arend M. van der; Han, Minyong; Cui, Xu; Arefe, Ghidewon; Hone, James; Nuckolls, Colin; Heinz, Tony F.; Kim, Philip

    2014-09-01

    The two-dimensional limit of layered materials has recently been realized through the use of van der Waals (vdW) heterostructures composed of weakly interacting layers. In this paper, we describe two different classes of vdW heterostructures: inorganic vdW heterostructures prepared by co-lamination and restacking; and organic-inorganic hetero-epitaxy created by physical vapor deposition of organic molecule crystals on an inorganic vdW substrate. Both types of heterostructures exhibit atomically clean vdW interfaces. Employing such vdW heterostructures, we have demonstrated various novel devices, including graphene/hexagonal boron nitride (hBN) and MoS{sub 2} heterostructures for memory devices; graphene/MoS{sub 2}/WSe{sub 2}/graphene vertical p-n junctions for photovoltaic devices, and organic crystals on hBN with graphene electrodes for high-performance transistors.

  3. Thirty-Six Month Evaluation of UPS Diesel Hybrid-Electric Delivery Vans

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lammert, M.; Walkowicz, K.

    2012-03-01

    This evaluation compared six hybrids and six standard diesels in UPS facilities in Phoenix, Arizona. Dispatch and maintenance practices are the same at both facilities. GPS logging, fueling, and maintenance records are used to evaluate the performance of these step delivery vans. The hybrids' average monthly mileage rate was 18% less than the diesel vans. The hybrids consistently were driven a fewer number of miles throughout the evaluation period. The hybrids idled more and operating at slower speeds than the diesels, and the diesels spent slightly more time operating at greater speeds, accounting for much of the hybrids fewer monthly miles. The average fuel economy for the hybrid vans is 13.0 mpg, 23% greater than the diesel vans 10.6 mpg. Total hybrid maintenance cost/mile of $0.141 was 9% more than the $0.130 for the diesel vans. Propulsion-related maintenance cost/mile of $0.037 for the hybrid vans was 25% more than the $0.029 for the diesel vans. Neither difference was found to be statistically significant. The hybrid group had a cumulative average of 96.3% uptime, less than the diesel group's 99.0% uptime. The hybrids experienced troubleshooting and recalibration issues related to prototype components that were primarily responsible for the lower uptime figures.

  4. Design Space Exploration and Optimization of Path Oblivious RAM in Secure Ling Ren, Xiangyao Yu, Christopher W. Fletcher , Marten van Dijk and Srinivas Devadas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    , Xiangyao Yu, Christopher W. Fletcher , Marten van Dijk and Srinivas Devadas MIT CSAIL, Cambridge, MA, USA

  5. In dit artikel zal worden uitgelegd wat het belang is van cognitieve ergonomie voor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Theune, Mariët

    werd toen, in navolging van Falzon (1990), om schreven als: "Cognitive ergonomics can be defined systems engtneering for user-computer in terface design." ··cognitive ergonomics (or software ergonomics

  6. Relative Photometry with data from the Peter van de Kamp Observatory D. Cohen and E. Jensen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cohen, David

    Relative Photometry with data from the Peter van de Kamp Observatory D with those reduced images. While in principle, we could "do photometry on" some can download the data: http://astro.swarthmore.edu/~cohen/telescope/sample_photometry

  7. Chemical reaction rates using the semiclassical Van-Vleck initial value representation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Venkataraman, Charulatha; Miller, William H.

    2008-01-01

    Chemical reaction rates using the semiclassical Van-Vleckof California, and Chemical Sciences Division, LawrenceCH 4 reaction to a model for a chemical reaction in a polar

  8. Op het werkcollege en college zijn de functie en de randen {n} van de vierkanten

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hulshof, Joost

    ! + 1 (3!)2 7 360 )z4 + · · ·) De andere polen zijn steeds de nulpunten van sin of cos, eerste orde polen, residuen dus makkelijk te bepalen, let op plussen en minnen! 1 #12;

  9. Graphene on boron-nitride: Moiré pattern in the van der Waals energy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Neek-Amal, M. [Department of Physics, University of Antwerpen, Groenenborgerlaan 171, B-2020 Antwerpen (Belgium); Department of Physics, Shahid Rajaee University, Lavizan, Tehran 16788 (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Peeters, F. M. [Department of Physics, University of Antwerpen, Groenenborgerlaan 171, B-2020 Antwerpen (Belgium)

    2014-01-27

    The spatial dependence of the van der Waals (vdW) energy between graphene and hexagonal boron-nitride (h-BN) is investigated using atomistic simulations. The van der Waals energy between graphene and h-BN shows a hexagonal superlattice structure identical to the observed Moiré pattern in the local density of states, which depends on the lattice mismatch and misorientation angle between graphene and h-BN. Our results provide atomistic features of the weak van der Waals interaction between graphene and BN which are in agreement with experiment and provide an analytical expression for the size of the spatial variation of the weak van der Waals interaction. We also found that the A-B-lattice symmetry of graphene is broken along the armchair direction.

  10. Rose F. Kennedy Center is located north of Van Etten, amid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bukauskas, Feliksas

    NORTH CAMPUS SOUTH CAMPUS Rose F. Kennedy Center is located north of Van Etten, amid Jacobi Medical Pavilion (1301 Morris Park Ave.) VE Van Etten Building (1225 Morris Park Ave.) KE Rose F. Kennedy Center RH E S H I V A U N I V E R S I T Y Albert Einstein College of Medicine P LE CC LW H To Kennedy Center

  11. A Study of the forced Van der Pol generalized oscillator with renormalization group method

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    L. A. Hinvi; A. V. Monwanou; J. B. Chabi Orou

    2013-11-04

    In this paper the equation of forced Van der Pol generalized oscillator is examined with renormalization group method. A brief recall of the renormalization group technique is done. We have applied this method to the equation of forced Van der Pol generalized oscillator to search for its asymptotic solution and its renormalization group equation. The analysis of the numerical simulation graph is done; the method's efficiency is pointed out.

  12. Van der Waals forces from first principles for periodic systems: Application to graphene-water interactions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pouya Partovi-Azar; T. D. Kühne

    2015-04-17

    We extend the method of Silvestrelli [P. L. Silvestrelli, J. Chem. Phys. 139, 054106 (2013)] to approximate long-range van der Waals interactions at the density functional theory level based on maximally localized Wannier functions combined with the quantum harmonic oscillator model, to periodic systems. Applying this scheme to study London dispersion forces between graphene and water layers, we demonstrate that collective many-body effects beyond simple additive pair-wise interactions are essential to accurately describe van der Waals forces.

  13. Van der Waals forces from first principles for periodic systems: Application to graphene-water interactions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Partovi-Azar, Pouya

    2015-01-01

    We extend the method of Silvestrelli [P. L. Silvestrelli, J. Chem. Phys. 139, 054106 (2013)] to approximate long-range van der Waals interactions at the density functional theory level based on maximally localized Wannier functions combined with the quantum harmonic oscillator model, to periodic systems. Applying this scheme to study London dispersion forces between graphene and water layers, we demonstrate that collective many-body effects beyond simple additive pair-wise interactions are essential to accurately describe van der Waals forces.

  14. Surround-gated vertical nanowire quantum dots M. H. M. van Weert,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    arsenide phosphide InAsP quantum dots embedded in vertical surround-gated indium phosphide InP nanowires dots. The InAsP quantum dots, embedded in InP nanowires, are grown in the vapor-liquid-solid mode usingSurround-gated vertical nanowire quantum dots M. H. M. van Weert,1 M. den Heijer,1 M. P. van Kouwen

  15. Structural and Functional Adaptation of Vancomycin Resistance VanT Serine Racemases

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Meziane-Cherif, Djalal; Stogios, Peter J.; Evdokimova, Elena; Egorova, Olga; Savchenko, Alexei; Courvalin, Patrice

    2015-08-11

    Vancomycin resistance in Gram-positive bacteria results from the replacement of the D-alanyl–D-alanine target of peptidoglycan precursors with D-alanyl–D-lactate or D-alanyl–D-serine (D-Ala-D-Ser), to which vancomycin has low binding affinity. VanT is one of the proteins required for the production of D-Ala-D-Ser-terminating precursors by converting L-Ser to D-Ser. VanT is composed of two domains, an N-terminal membrane-bound domain, likely involved in L-Ser uptake, and a C-terminal cytoplasmic catalytic domain which is related to bacterial alanine racemases. To gain insight into the molecular function of VanT, the crystal structure of the catalytic domain of VanTG from VanG-type resistant Enterococcus faecalis BM4518 wasmore »determined. The structure showed significant similarity to type III pyridoxal 5'-phosphate (PLP)-dependent alanine racemases, which are essential for peptidoglycan synthesis. Comparative structural analysis between VanTG and alanine racemases as well as site-directed mutagenesis identified three specific active site positions centered around Asn696 which are responsible for theL-amino acid specificity. This analysis also suggested that VanT racemases evolved from regular alanine racemases by acquiring additional selectivity toward serine while preserving that for alanine. The 4-fold-lower relative catalytic efficiency of VanTG against L-Ser versus L-Ala implied that this enzyme relies on its membrane-bound domain for L-Ser transport to increase the overall rate of D-Ser production. These findings illustrate how vancomycin pressure selected for molecular adaptation of a housekeeping enzyme to a bifunctional enzyme to allow for peptidoglycan remodeling, a strategy increasingly observed in antibiotic-resistant bacteria.« less

  16. Inflationary magnetogenesis, derivative couplings and relativistic Van der Waals interactions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Giovannini, Massimo

    2015-01-01

    When the gauge fields have derivative couplings to scalars, like in the case of the relativistic theory of Van der Waals (or Casimir-Polder) interactions, conformal invariance is broken but the magnetic and electric susceptibilities are not bound to coincide. We analyze the formation of large-scale magnetic fields in slow-roll inflation and find that they are generated at the level of few hundredths of a nG and over typical length scales between few Mpc and $100$ Mpc. Using a new time parametrization that reduces to conformal time but only for coincident susceptibilities, the gauge action is quantized while the evolution equations of the corresponding mode functions are more easily solvable. The power spectra depend on the normalized rates of variation of the two susceptibilities (or of the corresponding gauge couplings) and on the absolute value of their ratio at the beginning of inflation. We pin down explicit regions in the parameter space where all the physical requirements (i.e. the backreaction constrai...

  17. Inflationary magnetogenesis, derivative couplings and relativistic Van der Waals interactions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massimo Giovannini

    2015-06-12

    When the gauge fields have derivative couplings to scalars, like in the case of the relativistic theory of Van der Waals (or Casimir-Polder) interactions, conformal invariance is broken but the magnetic and electric susceptibilities are not bound to coincide. We analyze the formation of large-scale magnetic fields in slow-roll inflation and find that they are generated at the level of few hundredths of a nG and over typical length scales between few Mpc and $100$ Mpc. Using a new time parametrization that reduces to conformal time but only for coincident susceptibilities, the gauge action is quantized while the evolution equations of the corresponding mode functions are more easily solvable. The power spectra depend on the normalized rates of variation of the two susceptibilities (or of the corresponding gauge couplings) and on the absolute value of their ratio at the beginning of inflation. We pin down explicit regions in the parameter space where all the physical requirements (i.e. the backreaction constraints, the magnetogenesis bounds and the naturalness of the initial conditions of the scenario) are jointly satisfied. Weakly coupled initial data are favoured if the gauge couplings are of the same order at the end of inflation. Duality is systematically used to simplify the analysis of the wide parameter space of the model.

  18. Casimir and van der Waals forces: Advances and problems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. L. Klimchitskaya; V. M. Mostepanenko

    2015-07-09

    We review modern achievements and problems in physics of the van der Waals and Casimir forces which arise due to zero-point and thermal fluctuations of the electromagnetic field between closely spaced material surfaces. This subject attracted great experimental and theoretical attention during the last few years because the fluctuation-induced forces find a lot of applications in both fundamental physics and nanotechnology. After a short introduction to the subject, we describe main experimental and theoretical results obtained in the field during the last fifteen years. In the following presentation, we discuss some of the recent results by the authors and their collaborators which are of high promise for future developments. Specifically, we consider new features of the Casimir force acting between a gold sphere and an indium tin oxide plate, present the experimental and theoretical results on measuring the Casimir interaction between two gold surfaces by means of dynamic atomic force microscope, and outline first measurements of the Casimir interaction between magnetic surfaces and related theory. Special attention is devoted to the Casimir effect for graphene, which is the prospective material for microelectromechanical devices of next generations.

  19. Particle Number Fluctuations for van der Waals Equation of State

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    V. Vovchenko; D. V. Anchishkin; M. I. Gorenstein

    2015-02-04

    The van der Waals (VDW) equation of state describes a thermal equilibrium in system of particles, where both repulsive and attractive interactions between them are included. This equation predicts an existence of the 1st order liquid-gas phase transition and the critical point. The standard form of the VDW equation is given by the pressure function in the canonical ensemble (CE) with a fixed number of particles. In the present paper the VDW equation is transformed to the grand canonical ensemble (GCE). We argue that this procedure can be useful for new physical applications. Particularly, the fluctuations of number of particles, which are absent in the CE, can be studied in the GCE. For the VDW equation of state in the GCE the particle number fluctuations are calculated for the whole phase diagram, both outside and inside the liquid-gas mixed phase region. It is shown that the scaled variance of these fluctuations remains finite within the mixed phase and goes to infinity at the critical point. The GCE formulation of the VDW equation of state can be also an important step for its application to a statistical description of hadronic systems, where numbers of different particle species are usually not conserved.

  20. Seismic Response of the SchoolSeismic Response of the School Buildings in Van to the EarthquakeBuildings in Van to the Earthquake

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seismic Response of the SchoolSeismic Response of the School Buildings in Van to the Earthquake, Yavuz Durgun, Istanbul Technical University, 8-9 February, 2012-Istanbul 2/40 SEISMIC RESPONSE.11.201109.11.2011 2. School buildings in the Turkish Seismic Code 3. Typical school buildings in Turkey 4. Seismic

  1. Conformational changes in actinmyosin isoforms probed by Ni(II)GlyGlyHis JULIETTE VAN DIJK1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Manstein, Dietmar J.

    VAN DIJK1 , CHRYSTEL LAFONT1 , MENNO L.W. KNETSCH2 , JEAN DERANCOURT1 , DIETMAR J. MANSTEIN2 , ERIC C

  2. van Dijk, S., and Polani, D., (2011). Look-Ahead Relevant In-formation: Reducing Cognitive Burden over Prolonged Tasks. In

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Polani, Daniel

    2011-01-01

    Preprint van Dijk, S., and Polani, D., (2011). Look-Ahead Relevant In- formation: Reducing Prolonged Tasks Sander G. van Dijk Daniel Polani Adaptive Systems Research Group Univeristy of Hertfordshire

  3. 1 van der Waals Interactions on the Mesoscale: Open-Science 2 Implementation, Anisotropy, Retardation, and Solvent Effects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Podgornik, Rudolf

    1 van der Waals Interactions on the Mesoscale: Open-Science 2 Implementation, Anisotropy Ljubljana, Slovenia 13 ABSTRACT: The self-assembly of heterogeneous mesoscale systems is mediated by 14 long-range interactions, including van der Waals forces. Diverse mesoscale 15 architectures, built of optically

  4. Practical Cryptography in High Dimensional Marten van Dijk 1 , Robert Granger 2 , Dan Page 2 , Karl Rubin 3, # , Alice

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    Practical Cryptography in High Dimensional Tori Marten van Dijk 1 , Robert Granger 2 , Dan Page 2 Dijk and Woodru# introduced a new way of using the algebraic tori Tn in cryptography, and obtained key cryptosystem. Although Tn is not known to be rational in general, van Dijk and Woodru# [6] show

  5. 2 15.10.2013 Van D. BaxterVolker Weinmann Hybrid heat pump system as chance for the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oak Ridge National Laboratory

    pumps Condensing gas and oil boilers DHW tanks Solar panels Under floor heating Installation equipment#12;2 15.10.2013 Van D. BaxterVolker Weinmann Hybrid heat pump system as chance for the renovation market Dipl.-Ing. Volker Weinmann ROTEX Heating Systems GmbH #12;3 15.10.2013 Van D. Baxter

  6. Knowledge-based Patient Data Generation Zhisheng Huang, Frank van Harmelen, Annette ten Teije, and Kathrin Dentler

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Harmelen, Frank

    Knowledge-based Patient Data Generation Zhisheng Huang, Frank van Harmelen, Annette ten Teije and the quality of the data. By defining the required format, data can easily be generated based on realistic,Frank.van.Harmelen,annette,k.dentler}@cs.vu.nl Abstract. The development and investigation of medical applications require patient data from various

  7. 0036-1445/81.'"2301-0005 $01.00/0 f^MATICAL REMARKS ON THE VAN ALLEN RADIATION BELT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Knill, Oliver

    0036-1445/81.'"2301-0005 $01.00/0 f^MATICAL REMARKS ON THE VAN ALLEN RADIATION BELT: A SURVEY radiation belt, were seemingly i vv j . {severai vears. sd, some of these particles were observed to have center or "adiabatic" approximation.) Under these circumstances, it was #12;THE VAN ALLEN RADIATION BELT

  8. JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH, VOL. ???, XXXX, DOI:10.1029/, The 2011 Mw 7.1 Van (Eastern Turkey) Earthquake -1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cambridge, University of

    JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH, VOL. ???, XXXX, DOI:10.1029/, The 2011 Mw 7.1 Van (Eastern Turkey, 2012, 5:45pm D R A F T #12;X - 2 ELLIOTT ET AL.: 2011 VAN EARTHQUAKE, EASTERN TURKEY moment and source.: 2011 VAN EARTHQUAKE, EASTERN TURKEY X - 3 Interferograms from the ENVISAT satellite were derived from

  9. BRAIN MORPHOLOGY IN TWINS DISCORDANT FOR BIPOLAR DISORDER Van Erp, T.G.M., Thompson, P.M., Kiesepp, T., Tran, H.L., Correll, C.M.,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thompson, Paul

    BRAIN MORPHOLOGY IN TWINS DISCORDANT FOR BIPOLAR DISORDER Van Erp, T.G.M., Thompson, P.M., Kieseppä morphology in schizophrenia (Cannon et al., 2002; van Erp et al., In press). In our region of interest (ROI and association analyses in the search for predisposing genes. Cannon, T. D., Thompson, P. M., van Erp, T. G

  10. American Recovery and Reinvestment Act ( ARRA) FEMP Technical Assistance, U.S. General Services Administration - Project 194 U.S. Custom Cargo Inspection Facility, Detroit, MI

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Arends, J.; Sandusky, William F.

    2010-05-31

    This report documents the findings of an on-site audit of the U.S. Customs Cargo Inspection Facility (CIF) in Detroit, Michigan. The federal landlord for this building is the General Services Administration (GSA). The focus of the audit was to identify various no-cost or low-cost energy-efficiency opportunities that, once implemented, would reduce electrical and gas consumption and increase the operational efficiency of the building. This audit also provided an opportunity to identify potential capital cost projects that should be considered in the future to acquire additional energy (electric and gas) and water savings to further increase the operational efficiency of the building.

  11. Linear response time-dependent density functional theory for van der Waals coefficients

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chu, Xi

    Linear response time-dependent density functional theory for van der Waals coefficients X. Chu Received 9 January 2004; accepted 15 June 2004 A linear response time-dependent density functional theory description of the linear response function and of the induced self- consistent field, which adequately

  12. Casting a Polyhedron with Directional Uncertainty Hee-kap Ahn Otfried Cheong Rene van Oostrum

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Utrecht, Universiteit

    Casting a Polyhedron with Directional Uncertainty£ Hee-kap Ahn££ Otfried Cheong££ Ren´e van Oostrum££ Abstract Casting is a manufacturing process in which molten material is poured into a cast (mould), which with imperfect control of the casting machinery. In this paper, we consider directional uncertainty: given a 3

  13. Curriculum Learning for Motor Skills Andrej Karpathy and Michiel van de Panne

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Panne, M. van de

    Curriculum Learning for Motor Skills Andrej Karpathy and Michiel van de Panne University of British by this general idea, we develop an approach for learning motor skills based on a two-level curriculum. At the high level, the curriculum specifies an order in which different skills should be learned. At the low

  14. Practical Guidelines for the Readability of IT-architecture Henk Koning Claire Dormann Hans van Vliet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Vliet, Hans

    and evolution". Van Vliet [26] places the architecture phase in the software life cycle between the requirements of a more comprehensive research project on "Visualisation of IT- architecture". GENERAL TERMS DocumentationPractical Guidelines for the Readability of IT-architecture Diagrams Henk Koning Claire Dormann

  15. Delft Hydraulic's Large Wind-Wave Flume Paul van Vliet 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jaehne, Bernd

    499 Delft Hydraulic's Large Wind-Wave Flume Paul van Vliet 1 , Frank Hering 2 , and Bernd J¨ahne 2,3 1 Waterloopkundig Laboratorium, Delft Hydraulics Laboratory Rotterdamseweg 185, NL-2692 HD Delft in the seventies, Delft Hydraulics large wind wave flume was totally overhauled to fit the needs of scientists

  16. Laser Excitation of a Fracture Source for Elastic Waves Thomas E. Blum* and Kasper van Wijk

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Snieder, Roel

    Laser Excitation of a Fracture Source for Elastic Waves Thomas E. Blum* and Kasper van Wijk a transparent sample by focusing laser light directly onto this fracture. The associated displacement field, measured by a laser interferometer, has pronounced waves that are diffracted at the fracture tips. We

  17. Model Repair --Aligning Process Models to Reality Dirk Fahland, Wil M.P. van der Aalst

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van der Aalst, Wil

    discovery and (2) conformance checking. Process discovery techniques automatically construct a process model an existing process model does not conform to reality one could -- in principle -- use process discoveryModel Repair -- Aligning Process Models to Reality Dirk Fahland, Wil M.P. van der Aalst Eindhoven

  18. Distributed Process Discovery and Conformance Wil M.P. van der Aalst1,2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van der Aalst, Wil

    are process discovery (i.e., learning a process model from example behavior recorded in an event logDistributed Process Discovery and Conformance Checking Wil M.P. van der Aalst1,2 1 Eindhoven) and conformance checking (i.e., comparing modeled behavior with observed behavior). Process mining is motivated

  19. Variability of magnetic soil properties in Hawaii Remke L. van Dam*a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Borchers, Brian

    Variability of magnetic soil properties in Hawaii Remke L. van Dam*a , J. Bruce J. Harrisona , Jan Hawaiian Islands: O'ahu, Kaho'olawe, and Hawaii. The data show a strong negative correlation between mean oxides, magnetic soils, soil development, Hawaii 1. INTRODUCTION Electromagnetic (EM) and magnetic

  20. Van Eekelen: `Informatica, daal af uit ivoren toren' Meer samenhang in IT-onderwijsniveaus nodig

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Eekelen, Marko

    Van Eekelen: `Informatica, daal af uit ivoren toren' Meer samenhang in IT-onderwijsniveaus nodig hun ivoren toren moeten afdalen om de aansluiting tussen het middelbaar informatica-onderwijs en het hoger informatica-onderwijs in Nederland te verbeteren. Het gaat volgens hem goed met informatica

  1. Fossil flat-slab subduction beneath the Illinois basin, USA Heather Bedle , Suzan van der Lee

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van der Lee, Suzan

    .tecto.2006.06.003 #12;basin and mechanisms of basin formation, and interpret the Illinois basinFossil flat-slab subduction beneath the Illinois basin, USA Heather Bedle , Suzan van der Lee August 2006 Abstract The Illinois basin is one of several well-studied intracratonic sedimentary basins

  2. Geosocial Graph-Based Community Detection Yves van Gennip, Huiyi Hu, Blake Hunter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Soatto, Stefano

    geosocial information. The data come from the policing district Hollenbeck (see Fig. 1) in Los AngelesGeosocial Graph-Based Community Detection Yves van Gennip, Huiyi Hu, Blake Hunter Department of Mathematics University of California, Los Angeles Los Angeles, CA, USA Email: yvgennip@math.ucla.edu, huiyihu

  3. Analysis of BGP Prefix Origins During Google's May 2005 Outage Tao Wan Paul C. van Oorschot

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Van Oorschot, Paul

    Analysis of BGP Prefix Origins During Google's May 2005 Outage Tao Wan Paul C. van Oorschot School- vice outage is BGP. To pursue the latter possibility further, we explore how BGP was functioning during prior to the service outage. As a result, 49.1% of ASes re-advertising routes for 64

  4. School Name Team Name Coach/Teacher Bloomfield HS Van Allen Belts Jason McCaughey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Devoret, Michel H.

    School Name Team Name Coach/Teacher Bloomfield HS Van Allen Belts Jason Mc Rangers Peter Schmitt Mauro Sheridan Middle School Apple Sue Brown Mercy HS Quanta Buff Bachenheimer Millbrook School Spooky Action Somerset Waters Naugatuck HS Gone Fission Marc Pardee

  5. The Cosmic Web: Geometric Analysis Rien van de Weygaert & Willem Schaap

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weijgaert, Rien van de

    The Cosmic Web: Geometric Analysis Rien van de Weygaert & Willem Schaap Kapteyn Astronomical Weygaert & Willem Schaap 1 Outline: Patterns in the Cosmic Web The spatial cosmic matter distribution of scales and densities ­ are three major characteristics of we have come to know as the Cosmic Web

  6. A PHOTOGRAMMETRIC MEASUREMENT METHOD USING CSG MODELS Pierre Ermes, Frank A. van den Heuvel, George Vosselman

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vosselman, George

    A PHOTOGRAMMETRIC MEASUREMENT METHOD USING CSG MODELS Pierre Ermes, Frank A. van den Heuvel, George Delft, The Netherlands E-mail: {P.Ermes, F.A.vandenHeuvel, G.Vosselman}@geo.tudelft.nl Commission V is embedded in a measurement system for piping installations, as is discussed in a broader context by Ermes

  7. Discrimination and its sensitivity in probabilistic networks Silja Renooij and Linda C. van der Gaag

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Utrecht, Universiteit

    Discrimination and its sensitivity in probabilistic networks Silja Renooij and Linda C. van der introduce a concept of discrimination, and illustrate a measure to this end, based upon joint posterior probabilities. In addition, we address the sensitivity of discrimination to inaccuracies in a network

  8. Acoustically driven cavitation cluster collapse in planar geometry Ivan van der Kroon,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ohl, Claus-Dieter

    in hydrodynamic cavitation. Their damaging potential is explained with a collective cavi- tation collapse front in spallation neutron sources 14 . In hydrodynamics cavitation, the positions of the cavities in the clusterAcoustically driven cavitation cluster collapse in planar geometry Ivan van der Kroon,1 Pedro A

  9. 606-8502 onuki@scphys.kyoto-u.ac.jp 19 van der Waals .

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . , T -T , . Nu > 1 . . , , . . . . , . , . , , , . heat pipe) . , . ( . , . . . 50 19 . van der Waals(1837 s (crossover) . SO normal SO super FIG. 5. He4 SO TSO(Q) - TSO(Qref ). (heat flux)Q . Qref = 100nW/cm2 (= 1erg) . -2 0 2 4 6 8 10 s/ y x gravity heat flow || 2 x y FIG. 6. 2 . : (12) ( s ). : ( ||2

  10. Spark-gap atomic emission microscopy. II. Improvements in resolution P. G. Van Patten,a)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Myrick, Michael Lenn

    Spark-gap atomic emission microscopy. II. Improvements in resolution P. G. Van Patten,a) J. D. Noll which enhance performance in spark-gap atomic emission microscopy SGAEM experiments. SGAEM is a recent as small as 5 V, and intense atomic emission has been observed in such sparks. Small 1 nF , high

  11. A dynamical investigation of the heat and helium imbalance Peter E. van Keken aY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Keken, Peter

    and helium released from the whole mantle convection models is smaller than the production ratioA dynamical investigation of the heat and helium imbalance Peter E. van Keken aY *, Chris J; accepted 6 April 2001 Abstract The terrestrial heat^helium imbalance [O'Nions and Oxburgh, Nature 306 (1983

  12. Scalable Management and Data Mining using Robbert van Renesse, Kenneth Birman, Dan Dumitriu, Werner Vogels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Keinan, Alon

    Scalable Management and Data Mining using Astrolabe Robbert van Renesse, Kenneth Birman, Dan abstraction. Although deigned for scalable man- agement and data mining, the system can also support wide. The aggregation mechanism is controlled by SQL queries, and can be understood as a type of data mining capability

  13. Optimal server allocation typeset May 6, 2009 Smith, Cruz, & van Woensel Optimal Server Allocation in General,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cruz, Frederico

    allocating servers to the network topology. Convexity of the objective function along with results fromOptimal server allocation typeset May 6, 2009 Smith, Cruz, & van Woensel Optimal Server Allocation distributions are considered in this paper. An approach to optimally allocate servers to se- ries, merge

  14. What Tacoma Taught Us Dag Johansen \\Lambda Fred B. Schneider y and Robbert van Renesse y

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schneider, Fred B.

    What Tacoma Taught Us Dag Johansen \\Lambda Fred B. Schneider y and Robbert van Renesse y 1 Introduction Tacoma is a system for supporting processes---so called agents---whose ex­ ecution moves from. The current versions of Tacoma provide support for agents written in C, C++, ML, Perl, Python, Scheme

  15. A Taxonomy of Web Agents Zhisheng Huang , Anton Eliens ;+ , Alex van Ballegooij + , and Paul de Bra ;+

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Zhisheng

    A Taxonomy of Web Agents Zhisheng Huang #3; , Anton EliË?ens #3;;+ , Alex van Ballegooij,eliensg@cs.vu.nl, alexb@cwi.nl, debra@win.tue.nl Abstract In this paper we propose a taxonomy of web agents, which as avatar­ embodied guides that help visitors to navigate in virtual en­ vironments. Our taxonomy must

  16. Soil effects on thermal signatures of buried nonmetallic landmines Remke L. van Dam*a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Borchers, Brian

    Soil effects on thermal signatures of buried nonmetallic landmines Remke L. van Dam*a , Brian for temperature propagation through homogeneous and layered soils is presented to predict surface temperatures as a function of soil heat flux amplitude, soil texture, soil water content, and thermal properties and burial

  17. Perceptually-Based Compensation of Light Pollution in Display Systems Jeroen van Baar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toronto, University of

    Perceptually-Based Compensation of Light Pollution in Display Systems Jeroen van Baar Disney compensate for light pollution due to ghosting in 3D stereo (left) and indirect scattering when projecting framework is applicable to other light pollution problems, such as descattering. CR Categories: I.4.3 [Image

  18. Comparison of Different Load Road Implementation Strategies on Fuel Economy of USPS Step Vans

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    An alternative form of measuring road loads, instead of using a chassis dynamometer and a method described in 40 CFR section 86.1229-85, was conducted on on-road coastdowns, and regression analysis was used to determine the characteristics of the two U.S. Postal Service step vans, one of which was a hybrid model

  19. van der Waals density functional study of CO2 binding in zeolitic imidazolate frameworks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ray, Keith G.; Olmsted, David; He, Ning; Houndonougbo, Yao; Laird, Brian Bostian; Asta, Mark

    2012-02-06

    The van der Waals density functional (vdW-DF) formalism is employed in a study of the binding energetics for CO2 in a set of five zeolitic imidazolate framework (ZIF) compounds. The ZIF structures investigated share the same RHO-type zeolite...

  20. Handbook of Constraint Programming 3 Edited by F. Rossi, P. van Beek and T. Walsh

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walsh, Toby

    Handbook of Constraint Programming 3 Edited by F. Rossi, P. van Beek and T. Walsh c 2006 Elsevier logic programming, but it can also be done in other programming paradigms. 1.1 Purpose of the Handbook The aim of this handbook is to capture the full breadth and depth of the constraint pro- gramming field

  1. c 2007 by Elizabeth A. Van Ruitenbeek. All rights reserved. MODELING MOBILE PHONE VIRUS PROPAGATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sanders, William H.

    c 2007 by Elizabeth A. Van Ruitenbeek. All rights reserved. #12;MODELING MOBILE PHONE VIRUS of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 2007 Urbana, Illinois #12;ABSTRACT Viruses that infect smartphones are emerging as a new research area in the fight against com- puter viruses. This thesis presents two models

  2. Solvent Quality Dependent Continuum van der Waals Attraction and Phase Behavior for Colloids Bearing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chan, Derek Y C

    Solvent Quality Dependent Continuum van der Waals Attraction and Phase Behavior for Colloids dispersion as a function of solvent quality and particle volume fraction is compared with theoretical.5 M NaCl as a function of temperature, which controls solvent quality for the adsorbed Pluronic

  3. The Java Machine Learning Library Thomas Abeel, Yvan Saeys and Yves Van de Peer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gent, Universiteit

    The Java Machine Learning Library Thomas Abeel, Yvan Saeys and Yves Van de Peer Department of Plant.abeel@psb.ugent.be What is Java-ML? Motivation Code & Documentation Applications 1. Machine learning techniques: · 18: java doc and explanation of the algorithm · Generated API: from the source code · Changelog

  4. Using the ACM Java Libraries in CS 1 Andrew Mertz, William Slough, and Nancy Van Cleave

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Van Cleave, Nancy K.

    Using the ACM Java Libraries in CS 1 Andrew Mertz, William Slough, and Nancy Van Cleave aemertz University Charleston, IL 61920 Abstract The Java language is commonly used in CS 1 courses, though its of these challenges, the ACM established the Java Task Force to study the problem. The work of this committee resulted

  5. VAN DER WAALS DISPERSION FORCE CONTRIBUTION TO THE INTERFACIAL FREE ENERGY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    VAN DER WAALS DISPERSION FORCE CONTRIBUTION TO THE INTERFACIAL FREE ENERGY OF NEMATIC LIQUID energy of a nematic liquid crystal and the interfacial free energy of a nematic on a glass substrate. Introduction. -- The surface free energy of a nematic liquid crystal and the interfacial free energy of nematic

  6. Electronic structure of the Si(111):GaSe van der Waals-like surface termination

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Olmstead, Marjorie

    Electronic structure of the Si(111):GaSe van der Waals-like surface termination Reiner Rudolph-like surface termination has been determined by angle-resolved photoelectron spectroscopy using photons. This explains both the absence of a surface core-level shift in Si 2p photoelectron spectra of the terminated

  7. Full-waveform static corrections using blind channel identification Robbert van Vossen1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Utrecht, Universiteit

    Full-waveform static corrections using blind channel identification Robbert van Vossen1 and Jeannot for time shifts is generally referred to as residual static corrections, whereas surface to parameterize near-surface perturbations. There- fore, we refer to this method as waveform statics. Important

  8. The Assessment of Evidence in the Discovery of a Higgs Boson David A. van Dyk*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wolfe, Patrick J.

    The Assessment of Evidence in the Discovery of a Higgs Boson David A. van Dyk* Imperial College London, United Kingdom dvandyk@imperial.ac.uk The 2012-2013 discovery of a Higgs boson filled the last in a 40-year search that culminated in the discovery of a Higgs boson. This talk reviews these statistical

  9. Sea level controls sedimentation and environments in coastal caves and sinkholes Peter J. van Hengstum a,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sea level controls sedimentation and environments in coastal caves and sinkholes Peter J. van karst basins (caves, cenotes, sinkholes, blueholes, etc.) generally focuses on analyzing isotopes) on carbonate platforms, such as sinkholes, cenotes, blueholes, and caves, all of which have been repeatedly

  10. LYAPUNOV AND SACKER-SELL SPECTRAL INTERVALS LUCA DIECI AND ERIK S. VAN VLECK

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Van Vleck, Erik S.

    LYAPUNOV AND SACKER-SELL SPECTRAL INTERVALS LUCA DIECI AND ERIK S. VAN VLECK Abstract­ the Lyapunov spectral intervals. Since any bounded and continuous coeficient matrix function can be smoothly/or continuous Lyapunov spectrum. Key words. Exponential dichotomy, Sacker-Sell spectrum, Lyapunov exponents

  11. LYAPUNOV SPECTRAL INTERVALS: THEORY AND COMPUTATION LUCA DIECI y AND ERIK S. VAN VLECK z

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Van Vleck, Erik S.

    LYAPUNOV SPECTRAL INTERVALS: THEORY AND COMPUTATION #3; LUCA DIECI y AND ERIK S. VAN VLECK z dichotomy of Sacker and Sell and the spectrum de#12;ned in terms of upper and lower Lyapunov exponents information. Finally, we discuss the algorithms we have used to approximate the Lyapunov and Sacker

  12. Lyapunov instability of rough hard-disk fluids Jacobus A. van Meel*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Posch, Harald A.

    Lyapunov instability of rough hard-disk fluids Jacobus A. van Meel* FOM Institute for Atomic The dynamical instability of rough hard-disk fluids in two dimensions is characterized through the Lyapunov, measured by the maximum Lyapunov exponent, is only enhanced by the rotational degrees of freedom for high

  13. Filling Polyhedral Molds \\Lambda Prosenjit Bose Marc van Kreveld Godfried Toussaint

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toussaint, Godfried T.

    In the manufacturing industry, finding an orientation for a mold that eliminates surface defects and insures a completeFilling Polyhedral Molds \\Lambda Prosenjit Bose Marc van Kreveld Godfried Toussaint School the problem of determining a favorable position of a mold (modeled as a polyhedron), such that when

  14. LOGISTICS: A SYSTEMS ORIENTED W.M.P. van der Aalst

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van der Aalst, Wil

    LOGISTICS: A SYSTEMS ORIENTED APPROACH W.M.P. van der Aalst Department of Mathematics and Computing@win.tue.nl phone: ­31 40 473637 fax: ­31 40 442150 KEYWORDS: Logistics, Dynamic modelling, Petri nets, Formal specification. ABSTRACT A framework for the modelling and specification of logistic systems is presented

  15. Stabilization of Thin Liquid Films by Repulsive van der Waals Force Er Qiang Li,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chan, Derek Y C

    3122, Australia *S Supporting Information ABSTRACT: Using high-speed video recording of bubble rise was predicted. We interpret these results as supporting the hypothesis that a short-ranged hydrophobic for the stability of colloidal systems in terms of the competition between electric double layer repulsion and van

  16. Changes in Painting Styles of Two Artists With Alzheimer's Disease Benjamin van Buren and Bianca Bromberger

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chatterjee, Anjan

    Changes in Painting Styles of Two Artists With Alzheimer's Disease Benjamin van Buren and Bianca of literature supports the idea that systematic changes can occur in artists' painting styles after the onset, emotion, symbolism, realism, and animacy), we found that both AD patients produced paintings with more

  17. On CSP and the Algebraic Theory of Effects Rob van Glabbeek and Gordon Plotkin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Plotkin, Gordon

    On CSP and the Algebraic Theory of Effects Rob van Glabbeek and Gordon Plotkin Abstract We consider CSP from the point of view of the algebraic theory of effects, which classifies operations as effect in terms of two versions of the stable failures model of CSP, one more general than the other

  18. POPULATION OF FERAL CATS FELIS CATUS. R.J. van Aarde

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pretoria, University of

    ( POPULATION OF FERAL CATS FELIS CATUS. c\\J1 R.J. van Aarde Mammal Research Institute university. Cambridge, Mass. 02238 U.S.A. Abstract: Body and adrenal weight in a population of feral cats, Felis catus of Felis catus are now distributed worldwide and in many regions such populations are, in part, fostered

  19. LOGISTICS: A SYSTEMS ORIENTED W.M.P. van der Aalst

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van der Aalst, Wil

    LOGISTICS: A SYSTEMS ORIENTED APPROACH W.M.P. van der Aalst Department of Mathematics and Computing@win.tue.nl phone: -31 40 473637 fax: -31 40 442150 KEYWORDS: Logistics, Dynamic modelling, Petri nets, Formal specification. ABSTRACT A framework for the modelling and specification of logistic systems is presented

  20. Developmental acquisition of entrainment skills in robot swinging using van der Pol oscillators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Demiris, Yiannis

    Developmental acquisition of entrainment skills in robot swinging using van der Pol oscillators entrainment. Neural entrainment stabilises the system, reduces time-to-steady state and relaxes the requirement for a strong coupling with the environment in order to achieve mechanical entrainment

  1. Using UML in Architecture-Level Modifiability Analysis Nico Lassing, Daan Rijsenbrij and Hans van Vliet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Vliet, Hans

    Using UML in Architecture-Level Modifiability Analysis Nico Lassing, Daan Rijsenbrij and Hans van architecture-level modifiability analysis of business information systems, we use architectural views to determine and express the effect of change scenarios. We distinguish four architectural views. We used

  2. Quality-Driven Software Architecture Composition1 Hans de Bruin Hans van Vliet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Vliet, Hans

    Quality-Driven Software Architecture Composition1 Hans de Bruin Hans van Vliet Vrije Universiteit of software architectures. First, an ar- chitecture is derived that addresses functional requirements only. This architecture contains a number of variability points which are next filled in to address quality concerns

  3. Automatic Reformulation of Children's Search Queries Maarten van Kalsbeek, Joost de Wit, Dolf Trieschnigg,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hiemstra, Djoerd

    Terms Algorithms, Human Factors, Design Keywords Automatic Query Expansion, Search Behavior, 1 children may make. Most of the search engines offer only the possibility to enter a Boolean queryAutomatic Reformulation of Children's Search Queries Maarten van Kalsbeek, Joost de Wit, Dolf

  4. CRYSTAL PRECIPITATION AND DISSOLUTION IN A THIN STRIP T.L. VAN NOORDEN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eindhoven, Technische Universiteit

    CRYSTAL PRECIPITATION AND DISSOLUTION IN A THIN STRIP T.L. VAN NOORDEN Abstract. A two-dimensional micro-scale model for crystal dissolution and precipitation in a porous medium is presented. The local dissolution and precipitation in a porous medium. The microscopic model that serves as the starting point

  5. van der Waals Interaction, Surface Free Energies, and Contact Angles: Dispersive Polymers and Liquids

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chan, Derek Y C

    van der Waals Interaction, Surface Free Energies, and Contact Angles: Dispersive Polymers and Liquids Calum J. Drummond*, and Derek Y. C. Chan CSIRO Division of Chemicals and Polymers, Private Bag 10 and ALVL are the non-retarded Hamaker constants for the heterointeraction between polymer and liquid across

  6. Handbook on the Philosophy of Information Johan van Benthem and Pieter Adriaans (eds.)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Topsøe, Flemming

    Handbook on the Philosophy of Information Johan van Benthem and Pieter Adriaans (eds.) #12 important for a number of sciences. The concepts appear to be just the right ones with intuitively appealing the main interest from society lies. But information theory captures fundamental aspects of many other

  7. Een iets geredigeerde versie is verschenen in Jaarboek Overheidsfinancin 2008: K.P. Goudswaard en H. Nijboer, 'Sociale zekerheid: van verzekeren naar sparen?', in: C.A. de Kam

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Galis, Frietson

    wordt de efficiencywinst gezien: door gebruik te maken van individuele spaartegoeden kunnen individuen

  8. Ford Van Dyke: Compressed Air Management Program Leads to Improvements that Reduce Energy Consumption at an Automotive Transmission Plant

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2010-06-25

    Staff at the Ford Van Dyke Transmission Plant in Sterling Heights, Michigan, have increased the efficiency of the plant’s compressed air system to enhance its performance while saving energy and improving production.

  9. Bulk chemicals from biomass Jacco van Haveren, Agrotechnology and Food Innovations B.V., Wageningen, The Netherlands

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grossmann, Ignacio E.

    41 Review Bulk chemicals from biomass Jacco van Haveren, Agrotechnology and Food Innovations B production, and available biomass conversion technologies, biomass-based routes are expected to make and -caprolactam. Technologies involving direct isolation of aromatic building blocks from biomass

  10. A review of "Selected Writings on Dutch Paintings: Rembrandt, Van Beke, Vermeer and Others." by Albert Blankert 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miya Tokumitsu

    2006-01-01

    artists (Jan de Bisschop, Constantijn Huygens the Younger) in seventeenth- century Holland. This practice parallels the vogue for outdoor paintings by gentlemen in England and reminds us about Rembrandt?s social aspirations as well as his informal, non... Paintings: Rembrandt, Van Beke, Vermeer and Others. Zwolle: Waanders Publishers, 2004. 352 pp. + 302 illus. $90.00. Review by MIYA TOKUMITSU, UNIVERSITY OF PENNSYLVANIA. Reading Albert Blankert?s Selected Writings on Dutch Painting: Rembrandt, Van Beke...

  11. Etude de l'oscillateur de Van der Pol généralisé par la méthode du groupe de renormalisation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. L. Hinvi; A. V. Monwanou; J. B. Chabi Orou

    2014-05-20

    The renormalization group method is one of the singular perturbation methods used in the research of the asymptotic behavior of solution of ordinary differential equations. In this paper, the equation of VAN der Pol generalized oscillator that models many physical phenomena is considered. A brief review of the technique is done and is applied to the generalized VAN der Pol oscillator to highlight its asymptotic solution.

  12. Dependences of the van der Waals atom-wall interaction on atomic and material properties

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. O. Caride; G. L. Klimchitskaya; V. M. Mostepanenko; S. I. Zanette

    2005-03-03

    The 1%-accurate calculations of the van der Waals interaction between an atom and a cavity wall are performed in the separation region from 3 nm to 150 nm. The cases of metastable He${}^{\\ast}$ and Na atoms near the metal, semiconductor or dielectric walls are considered. Different approximations to the description of wall material and atomic dynamic polarizability are carefully compared. The smooth transition to the Casimir-Polder interaction is verified. It is shown that to obtain accurate results for the atom-wall van der Waals interaction at shortest separations with an error less than 1% one should use the complete optical tabulated data for the complex refraction index of the wall material and the accurate dynamic polarizability of an atom. The obtained results may be useful for the theoretical interpretation of recent experiments on quantum reflection and Bose-Einstein condensation of ultracold atoms on or near surfaces of different nature.

  13. Van der Waals interactions in rare-gas dimers: The role of interparticle interactions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Yu-Ting; Chai, Jeng-Da

    2015-01-01

    We investigate the potential energy curves of rare-gas dimers with various ranges and strengths of interparticle interactions (nuclear-electron, electron-electron, and nuclear-nuclear interactions). Our investigation is based on the highly accurate coupled-cluster theory associated with those interparticle interactions. For comparison, the performance of the corresponding Hartree-Fock theory, second-order Moller-Plesset perturbation theory, and density functional theory is also investigated. Our results reveal that when the interparticle interactions retain the long-range Coulomb tails, the nature of van der Waals interactions in the rare-gas dimers remains similar. By contrast, when the interparticle interactions are sufficiently short-range, the conventional van der Waals interactions in the rare-gas dimers completely disappear, yielding purely repulsive potential energy curves.

  14. Van't Hoff law for temperature dependent Langmuir constants in clathrate hydrate nanocavities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lakhlifi, Azzedine

    2015-01-01

    This work gives a van't Hoff law expression of Langmuir constants of different species for determining their occupancy in the nanocavities of clathrate hydrates. The van't Hoff law's parameters are derived from a fit with Langmuir constants calculated using a pairwise site-site interaction potential to model the anisotropic potential environment in the cavities, as a function of temperature. The parameters can be used for calculating clathrates compositions. Results are given for nineteen gas species trapped in the small and large cavities of structure types I and II [1]. The accuracy of this approach is based on a comparison with available experimental data for ethane and cyclo- propane clathrate hydrates. The numerical method applied in this work, was recently validated from a comparison with the spherical cell method based on analytical considerations [1

  15. Exact solution of the van der Waals model in the critical region

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adriano Barra; Antonio Moro

    2015-05-01

    The celebrated van der Waals model describes simple fluids in the thermodynamic limit and predicts the existence of a critical point associated to the gas-liquid phase transition. However the behaviour of critical isotherms according to the equation of state, where a gas-liquid phase transition occurs, significantly departs from experimental observations. The correct critical isotherms are heuristically re-established via the Maxwell equal areas rule. A long standing open problem in mean field theory is concerned with the analytic description of van der Waals isotherms for a finite size system that is consistent, in the thermodynamic limit, with the Maxwell prescription. Inspired by the theory of nonlinear conservation laws, we propose a novel mean field approach, based on statistical mechanics, that allows to calculate the van der Waals partition function for a system of large but finite number of particles $N$. Our partition function naturally extends to the whole space of thermodynamic variables, reproduces, in the thermodynamic limit $N\\to \\infty$, the classical results outside the critical region and automatically encodes Maxwell's prescription. We show that isothermal curves evolve in the space of thermodynamic variables like nonlinear breaking waves and the criticality is explained as the mechanism of formation of a classical hydrodynamic shock.

  16. Eighteen-Month Final Evaluation of UPS Second Generation Diesel Hybrid-Electric Delivery Vans

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lammert, M.; Walkowicz, K.

    2012-09-01

    A parallel hybrid-electric diesel delivery van propulsion system was evaluated at a UPS facility in Minneapolis using on-vehicle data logging, fueling, and maintenance records. Route and drive cycle analysis showed different duty cycles for hybrid vs. conventional delivery vans; routes were switched between the study groups to provide a valid comparison. The hybrids demonstrated greater advantage on the more urban routes; the initial conventional vans' routes had less dense delivery zones. The fuel economy of the hybrids on the original conventional group?s routes was 10.4 mpg vs. 9.2 mpg for the conventional group on those routes a year earlier. The hybrid group's fuel economy on the original hybrid route assignments was 9.4 mpg vs. 7.9 mpg for the conventional group on those routes a year later. There was no statistically significant difference in total maintenance cost per mile or for the vehicle total cost of operation per mile. Propulsion-related maintenance cost per mile was 77% higher for the hybrids, but only 52% more on a cost-per-delivery-day basis. Laboratory dynamometer testing demonstrated 13%-36% hybrid fuel economy improvement, depending on duty cycle, and up to a 45% improvement in ton-mi/gal. NOx emissions increased 21%-49% for the hybrids in laboratory testing.

  17. Molecular recognition by van der Waals interaction between polymers with sequence-specific polarizabilities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bing-Sui Lu; Ali Naji; Rudolf Podgornik

    2015-03-18

    We analyze van der Waals interactions between two rigid polymers with sequence-specific, anisotropic polarizabilities along the polymer backbones, so that the dipole moments fluctuate parallel to the polymer backbones. Assuming that each polymer has a quenched-in polarizability sequence which reflects, for example, the polynucleotide sequence of a double-stranded DNA molecule, we study the van der Waals interaction energy between a pair of such polymers with rod-like structure for the cases where their respective polarizability sequences are (i) distinct and (ii) identical, with both zero and non-zero correlation length of the polarizability correlator along the polymer backbones in the latter case. For identical polymers, we find a novel $r^{-5}$ scaling behavior of the van der Waals interaction energy for small inter-polymer separation $r$, in contradistinction to the $r^{-4}$ scaling behavior of distinct polymers, with furthermore a pronounced angular dependence favoring attraction between sufficiently aligned identical polymers. Such behavior can assist the molecular recognition between polymers.

  18. Nonlinear dynamics of system oscillations modeled by a forced Van der Pol generalized oscillator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    L. A. Hinvi; C. H. Miwadinou; A. V. Monwanou; J. B. Chabi Orou

    2014-02-18

    This paper considers the oscillations modeled by a forced Van der Pol generalized oscillator. These oscillations are described by a nonlinear differential equation of the form $ \\ddot{x}+x-\\varepsilon\\left(1-ax^2-b\\dot{x}^2\\right)\\dot{x}=E\\sin{{\\Omega}t}.$ The amplitudes of the forced harmonic, primary resonance superharmonic and subharmonic oscillatory states are obtained using the harmonic balance technique and the multiple time scales methods. We obtain also the hysteresis and jump phenomena in the system oscillations. Bifurcation sequences displayed by the model for each type of oscillatory states are performed numerically through the fourth-order Runge- Kutta scheme.

  19. Strong obstruction of the Berends-Burgers-van Dam spin-3 vertex

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xavier Bekaert; Nicolas Boulanger; Serge Leclercq

    2010-02-01

    In the eighties, Berends, Burgers and van Dam (BBvD) found a nonabelian cubic vertex for self-interacting massless fields of spin three in flat spacetime. However, they also found that this deformation is inconsistent at higher order for any multiplet of spin-three fields. For arbitrary symmetric gauge fields, we severely constrain the possible nonabelian deformations of the gauge algebra and, using these results, prove that the BBvD obstruction cannot be cured by any means, even by introducing fields of spin higher (or lower) than three.

  20. Microwave probes Dipole Blockade and van der Waals Forces in a Cold Rydberg Gas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R. Celistrino Teixeira; C. Hermann-Avigliano; Thanh Long Nguyen; T. Cantat-Moltrecht; Jean-Michel Raimond; S. Haroche; S. Gleyzes; M. Brune

    2015-02-14

    We show that microwave spectroscopy of a dense Rydberg gas trapped on a superconducting atom chip in the dipole blockade regime reveals directly the dipole-dipole many-body interaction energy spectrum. We use this method to investigate the expansion of the Rydberg cloud under the effect of repulsive van der Waals forces and the breakdown of the frozen gas approximation. This study opens a promising route for quantum simulation of many-body systems and quantum information transport in chains of strongly interacting Rydberg atoms.

  1. Microwave probes Dipole Blockade and van der Waals Forces in a Cold Rydberg Gas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Teixeira, R Celistrino; Nguyen, Thanh Long; Cantat-Moltrecht, T; Raimond, Jean-Michel; Haroche, S; Gleyzes, S; Brune, M

    2015-01-01

    We show that microwave spectroscopy of a dense Rydberg gas trapped on a superconducting atom chip in the dipole blockade regime reveals directly the dipole-dipole many-body interaction energy spectrum. We use this method to investigate the expansion of the Rydberg cloud under the effect of repulsive van der Waals forces and the breakdown of the frozen gas approximation. This study opens a promising route for quantum simulation of many-body systems and quantum information transport in chains of strongly interacting Rydberg atoms.

  2. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- John Van Range Co Div of Edwards

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal Gas &SCE-SessionsSouth Dakota Edgemont,Manufacturing - OH 40 John Van Range Co Div of

  3. Ms Van T Nguyen | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC) Website

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust,Field-effectWorkingLosThe 26thIWalter H.4 » Inside Ice Under2ScienceStudentsMs.Van T

  4. www.lib.mtu.edu | Phone: 906-487-2500 | Fax: 906-487-2357 J. R. Van Pelt and Opie Library

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    · CENTER FOR TEACHING, LEARNING, & FACULTY DEVELOPMENT · DIGITAL STUDIO · LIBRARY DIRECTOR'S SUITEwww.lib.mtu.edu | Phone: 906-487-2500 | Fax: 906-487-2357 J. R. Van Pelt and Opie Library J. R. VAN PELT AND OPIE LIBRARY DIRECTORY & FLOOR MAPS FIRST FLOOR · CIRCULATION BOOK RETURN CHECKOUT COURSE

  5. Introduction > Motivation > Approach > UbiSmart > Conclusion 1/21 Jurriaan van Diggelen Utrecht University/TNO AmI.d 17 September 2007

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eijk, Rogier Maurice van

    Introduction > Motivation > Approach > UbiSmart > Conclusion 1/21 Jurriaan van Diggelen Utrecht the Netherlands AmI.d 2007, 17 September 2007 #12;Introduction > Motivation > Approach > UbiSmart > Conclusion 2 Rogier van Eijk Peter Werkhoven Introduction #12;Introduction > Motivation > Approach > Ubi

  6. JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH: SOLID EARTH, VOL. 118, 119, doi:10.1002/jgrb.50117, 2013 The 2011 Mw 7.1 Van (Eastern Turkey) earthquake

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elliott, John

    Mw 7.1 Van (Eastern Turkey) earthquake J. R. Elliott,1 A. C. Copley,2 R. Holley,3 K. Scharer,4 and B to constrain the fault parameters of the Mw 7.1 2011 Van (Eastern Turkey) reverse-slip earthquake Turkey) earthquake, J. Geophys. Res. Solid Earth, 118, doi:10.1002/jgrb.50117. 1. Introduction [2

  7. JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH: SOLID EARTH, VOL. 118, 16191637, doi:10.1002/jgrb.50117, 2013 The 2011 Mw 7.1 Van (Eastern Turkey) earthquake

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cambridge, University of

    The 2011 Mw 7.1 Van (Eastern Turkey) earthquake J. R. Elliott,1 A. C. Copley,2 R. Holley,3 K. Scharer,4 imagery, and field observations to constrain the fault parameters of the Mw 7.1 2011 Van (Eastern Turkey (Eastern Turkey) earthquake, J. Geophys. Res. Solid Earth, 118, 1619­1637, doi:10.1002/jgrb.50117. 1

  8. UBC Social Ecological Economic Development Studies (SEEDS) Student Report Andrew Roach, Chris Forrest, Jedaiah van Dijk, Jessica Herman, Joseph Kim, Ricky Sangha,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Forrest, Jedaiah van Dijk, Jessica Herman, Joseph Kim, Ricky Sangha, Svyatoslav Korshunov UBC Botanical 6 F i n a l P r o j e c t R e p o r t GROUP 3 Chris Forrest ( )Jedaiah van Dijk ( Jessica Herman

  9. Opleidingsonderdeel Docent/assistent Praktisch Locatie Aanvullingen van Chemie Brigou, B. Op 30/06 tussen 10-16u of op afspraak, mail

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Einmahl, Uwe

    Opleidingsonderdeel Docent/assistent Praktisch Locatie Aanvullingen van Chemie Brigou, B. Op 30/06 tussen 10-16u of op afspraak, mail naar: bbrigou@vub.ac.be 10G703 Algemene Chemie Brigou, B. Op 30. Enkel op afspraak, mail naar: fcanters@vub.ac.be Chemie: Bouw van de Materie en Chemische Reacties II

  10. A calculation of the van der Waals potential and the hyperfine pressure shift for H-He 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamm, Thomas Francis

    1981-01-01

    - lation, a ghost orb1tal approach is developed to a1d 1n choos1ng helium ground state conf1gurations. Configurations used to represent the van der Waals interact1on are chosen using osc1llator strength sum rules to determine most of the orb1tal... to represent H-He ground state . . . . 38 IV. Ground state valence bond conf1gurations 38 V. He ground state energ1es and H-He interact1on potential. VI. Bas1s functions used to represent van der Waals interact1on 41 VII. Comparison of dipole...

  11. Comparison of CO2 trapping in highly heterogeneous reservoirs with Brooks-Corey and van Genuchten type capillary pressure curves

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gershenzon, Naum I; Dominic, David F; Mehnert, Edward; Okwen, Roland T

    2015-01-01

    Geological heterogeneities essentially affect the dynamics of a CO2 plume in subsurface environments. Previously we showed how the dynamics of a CO2 plume is influenced by the multi-scale stratal architecture in deep saline reservoirs. The results strongly suggest that representing small-scale features is critical to understanding capillary trapping processes. Here we present the result of simulation of CO2 trapping using two different conventional approaches, i.e. Brooks-Corey and van Genuchten, for the capillary pressure curves. We showed that capillary trapping and dissolution rates are very different for the Brooks-Corey and van Genuchten approaches when heterogeneity and hysteresis are both represented.

  12. On the generation of large amplitude spiky solitons by ultralow frequency earthquake emission in the Van Allen radiation belt

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mofiz, U. A. [School of Science and Technology, Bangladesh Open University, Gazipur-1705 (Bangladesh)

    2006-08-15

    The parametric coupling between earthquake emitted circularly polarized electromagnetic radiation and ponderomotively driven ion-acoustic perturbations in the Van Allen radiation belt is considered. A cubic nonlinear Schroedinger equation for the modulated radiation envelope is derived, and then solved analytically. For ultralow frequency earthquake emissions large amplitude spiky supersonic bright solitons or subsonic dark solitons are found to be generated in the Van Allen radiation belt, detection of which can be a tool for the prediction of a massive earthquake may be followed later.

  13. Remainder estimates for the Long Range Behavior of the van der Waals interaction energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ioannis Anapolitanos

    2014-10-21

    The van der Waals-London's law, for a collection of atoms at large separation, states that their interaction energy is pairwise attractive and decays proportionally to one over their distance to the sixth. The first rigorous result in this direction was obtained by Lieb and Thirring [LT], by proving an upper bound which confirms this law. Recently the van der Waals-London's law was proven under some assumptions by I.M. Sigal and the author [AS]. Following the strategy of [AS] and reworking the approach appropriately, we prove estimates on the remainder of the interaction energy. Furthermore, using an appropriate test function, we prove an upper bound for the interaction energy, which is sharp to leading order. For the upper bound, our assumptions are weaker, the remainder estimates stronger and the proof is simpler. The upper bound, for the cases it applies, improves considerably the upper bound of Lieb and Thirring. However, their bound is much more general. Here we consider only spinless Fermions.

  14. Quantum chaos of the hydrogen atom in a generalized van der Waals potential

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ganesan, K.; Lakshmanan, M. (Centre for Nonlinear Dynamics, Department of Physics, Bharathidasan University, Tiruchirapalli-620024, Tamilnadu (India))

    1993-08-01

    The quantum manifestations of chaos in the hydrogen atom in a generalized van der Waals potential, which includes the celebrated quadratic-Zeeman-effect problem under an appropriate limiting condition, are studied in detail. Using group-theoretical methods, we derive the matrix elements in an algebraic form. As the Hamiltonian is scale invariant, we introduce an appropriate scaling parameter. By considering the unperturbed hydrogen-atom problem, we demonstrate that suitable changes in the scaling parameter stabilize different parts of the spectrum depending upon the parameter's value. For the present generalized van der Waals potential problem, we utilize this property of the scaling parameter effectively to improve the convergence of eigenvalues while diagonalizing the matrices for various parametric values. Then, we vary one of the system parameters in the range [0,3], study the level statistics, and observe a GOE-Poisson-Brody-Poisson-Brody-Poisson-GOE-type (where GOE means Gaussian orthogonal ensemble) of transition regime hitherto unidentified in any of the perturbed hydrogen-atom problems. Our results are not only in agreement with random-matrix-theory predictions but also justify classical and semiclassical investigations.

  15. Collective cargo hauling by a bundle of parallel microtubules: bi-directional motion caused by load-dependent polymerization and depolymerization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dipanwita Ghanti; Debashish Chowdhury

    2015-01-09

    A microtubule (MT) is a hollow tube of approximately 25 nm diameter. The two ends of the tube are dissimilar and are designated as `plus' and `minus' ends. Motivated by the collective push and pull exerted by a bundle of MTs during chromosome segregation in a living cell, we have developed here a much simplified theoretical model of a bundle of parallel dynamic MTs. The plus-end of all the MTs in the bundle are permanently attached to a movable `wall' by a device whose detailed structure is not treated explicitly in our model. The only requirement is that the device allows polymerization and depolymerization of each MT at the plus-end. In spite of the absence of external force and direct lateral interactions between the MTs, the group of polymerizing MTs attached to the wall create a load force against the group of depolymerizing MTs and vice-versa; the load against a group is shared equally by the members of that group. Such indirect interactions among the MTs gives rise to the rich variety of possible states of collective dynamics that we have identified by computer simulations of the model in different parameter regimes. The bi-directional motion of the cargo, caused by the load-dependence of the polymerization kinetics, is a "proof-of-principle" that the bi-directional motion of chromosomes before cell division does not necessarily need active participation of motor proteins.

  16. Noise removal at the rod synapse of mammalian retina M.C.W. van ROSSUM and R.G. SMITH

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Robert G.

    Noise removal at the rod synapse of mammalian retina M.C.W. van ROSSUM and R.G. SMITH Department is accompanied by continuous noise. Since the mammalian rod bipolar cell collects signals from 20­100 rods, the noise from the converging rods would overwhelm the single-photon signal from one rod at scotopic

  17. Flow at Low Water Contents: A Simple Approach for Inverse Estimation of van Genuchten-Mualem Soil Hydraulic Parameters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 Flow at Low Water Contents: A Simple Approach for Inverse Estimation of van Genuchten-Mualem Soil and civil engineering. Because of the strong dependency of these properties on water content. For gravimetric water contents greater than 0.04, numeral results agreed well with experimental data, while some

  18. Long-Term Creep Of Commercially Produced Plastic Lumber Kenneth E. Van Ness, Ph.D., Washington and Lee University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of the mechanical properties of plastic lumber. Any attempt to design for long-term performance, utilizing ASTM-term mechanical properties of plastic lumber in load-bearing applications. An earlier work outlined a theoryLong-Term Creep Of Commercially Produced Plastic Lumber Kenneth E. Van Ness, Ph.D., Washington

  19. CREEP BEHAVIOR OF COMMERCIALLY PRODUCED PLASTIC LUMBER Kenneth E. Van Ness, Ph.D., Washington and Lee University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    properties is discussed. Introduction The ability to extrude a mixed plastic feedstock into lumber of plastic lumber in load-bearing applications. An earlier work evaluated mechanical properties at a singleCREEP BEHAVIOR OF COMMERCIALLY PRODUCED PLASTIC LUMBER Kenneth E. Van Ness, Ph.D., Washington

  20. zt: a software tool for simple and partial Mantel tests Eric Bonnet* and Yves Van de Peer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gent, Universiteit

    1 zt: a software tool for simple and partial Mantel tests Eric Bonnet* and Yves Van de Peer another in order to test a hypothesis concerning a possible relationship between these matrices. However the usual assumption of independence between objects is violated in the classical tests approach

  1. Hot Pin Welding of Thin Poly(vinyl chloride) Sheet James D. Van de Ven, Arthur G. Erdman

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Van de Ven, James D.

    Hot Pin Welding of Thin Poly(vinyl chloride) Sheet James D. Van de Ven, Arthur G. Erdman Mechanical of welding two thin sheets of poly(vinyl chloride) (PVC) with a heated pin, thus allowing construction of a relationship between the weld temperature and weld strength. Constructing a relationship between weld strength

  2. OCM-to-DDR memory controller for VirtexII-Pro FPGA Jaap van Muijden, Georgi Kuzmanov, Georgi N. Gaydadjiev

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    OCM-to-DDR memory controller for VirtexII-Pro FPGA Jaap van Muijden, Georgi Kuzmanov, Georgi N interfaces, the OCM interface. In this paper, we propose a design of a Dual Data Rate (DDR) Memory controller- fied Xilinx DDR controller core. To implement time-efficient data transfers between the PPC interface

  3. IMPULSE RESPONSE ANALYSIS OF THE VAN NUYS 7-STORY HOTEL DURING 11 EARTHQUAKES AND EARTHQUAKE DAMAGE DETECTION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Southern California, University of

    propagating waves are measured in the Van Nuys 7- story hotel, located in the Los Angeles metropolitan area response data from 11 earthquakes over a period of 24 years are analyzed. Changes in wave travel times). Also, wave travel times are used to estimate the fundamental fixed-base frequency of the building, 1f

  4. Configuration of Web Services as Parametric Design Annette ten Teije 1 and Frank van Harmelen2 and Bob Wielinga3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Harmelen, Frank

    Configuration of Web Services as Parametric Design Annette ten Teije 1 and Frank van Harmelen2 and Bob Wielinga3 Abstract. The configuration of composite Web services is partic- ularly hard given the heterogeneous, unreliable and open nature of the Web. Furthermore, such composite Web services are likely

  5. Kom met je idee naar de PV! Dit intakeformulier is de eerste stap in de realisatie van uw idee

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Franssen, Michael

    Kom met je idee naar de PV! Dit intakeformulier is de eerste stap in de realisatie van uw idee budget voor dit idee? Waarmee kan de PV u helpen? * (Denk bijvoorbeeld aan een locatie, meedenken met de een idee aangeleverd bij de PV? Zo ja, wat waren uw ervaringen en wie was uw contactpersoon? Heeft u

  6. Graph Classes and Ramsey Numbers Remy Belmonte, Pinar Heggernes, Pim van 't Hof, Arash Rafiey, and Reza Saei

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heggernes, Pinar

    Graph Classes and Ramsey Numbers R´emy Belmonte, Pinar Heggernes, Pim van 't Hof, Arash Rafiey two positive integers i and j, the Ramsey number RG(i, j) is the smallest positive integer. For the class of all graphs, Ramsey numbers are notoriously hard to determine, and they are known only for very

  7. Spark-Gap Atomic Emission Microscopy P. G. Van Patten, J. D. Noll, and M. L. Myrick*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Myrick, Michael Lenn

    Spark-Gap Atomic Emission Microscopy P. G. Van Patten, J. D. Noll, and M. L. Myrick* Department been developed. The technique is based on spark atomic emission spectroscopy and provides information the sample and cause emission. Spectra from a polished copper electrode surface are presented and discussed

  8. H:\\Common\\Archives\\NEW-Ludwig Mies van der Rohe.doc 1 A Guide to the Collections

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heller, Barbara

    H:\\Common\\Archives\\NEW-Ludwig Mies van der Rohe.doc 1 A Guide to the Collections: Materials Related. Such materials may be available by contacting the IIT Archives directly. #12;H:\\Common\\Archives\\NEW-Ludwig Mies Museum of Modern Art in New York holds his drawings; his office papers are at the Library of Congress

  9. Methanol Reaction with Sulfuric Acid: A Vibrational Spectroscopic Study Lisa L. Van Loon and Heather C. Allen*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Methanol Reaction with Sulfuric Acid: A Vibrational Spectroscopic Study Lisa L. Van Loon 43210 ReceiVed: May 27, 2004; In Final Form: August 19, 2004 The reaction between methanol and sulfuric peak in the 800 cm-1 region, not present in either the neat methanol or concentrated sulfuric acid

  10. A Meta-Algorithm for the Generation of Referring Expressions Emiel Krahmer, Sebastiaan van Erk and Andre Verleg

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    that by defining the cost function in different ways, we can mimic various well-known algorithms for the generationA Meta-Algorithm for the Generation of Referring Expressions Emiel Krahmer, Sebastiaan van Erk.J.Krahmer@tue.nl Abstract This paper describes a new approach to the generation of referring expres- sions. We propose

  11. Survey of Quiescent Filament Channels at the Current Solar Minimum Yingna Su, Adriaan van Ballegooijen, Leon Golub

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Su, Yingna

    Survey of Quiescent Filament Channels at the Current Solar Minimum Yingna Su, Adriaan van Ballegooijen, Leon Golub Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics Abstract Type I Filament Channels Type II Filament Channels Summary We present preliminary results of an investigation on filament channels

  12. Expectations of Word Sense in Parallel Corpora Xuchen Yao, Benjamin Van Durme and Chris Callison-Burch

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Plotkin, Joshua B.

    Expectations of Word Sense in Parallel Corpora Xuchen Yao, Benjamin Van Durme and Chris Callison corpus, if two distinct words in language A, a1 and a2, are aligned to the same word b1 in language B questions of word sense, by looking at sampled parallel sentences containing tokens of the same type

  13. Exploiting the Symmetry on the Jacobi Method on a Mesh of D. Gim'enez R. van de Geijn

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Giménez, Domingo

    Exploiting the Symmetry on the Jacobi Method on a Mesh of Processors D. Gim'enez R. van de Geijn In this paper, we study the parallelization of the Jacobi method to solve the symmetric eigenvalue prob­ lem to obtain a highly efficient and scalable Jacobi method for solving the symmetric eigenvalue problem for dis

  14. Pressure-driven confinement of hydrogen molecules between graphene sheets in the regime of van der Waals repulsion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gong, Xingao

    Storage of hydrogen in carbon materials,1,2 with its poten- tial application in hydrogen in the interactions between H2 and hosts in solid lattices,2,3 although mechanism for hydrogen storage in car- bonPressure-driven confinement of hydrogen molecules between graphene sheets in the regime of van der

  15. First-principles studies of beryllium doping of GaN Chris G. Van de Walle* and Sukit Limpijumnong

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    First-principles studies of beryllium doping of GaN Chris G. Van de Walle* and Sukit Limpijumnong Received 12 October 2000; published 8 June 2001 The structural and electronic properties of beryllium acceptors, and between hydrogen and substitutional beryllium. The results for wurtzite GaN are compared

  16. Business Modelling is not Process Modelling Jaap Gordijn12, Hans Akkermans13, and Hans van Vliet1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Vliet, Hans

    Business Modelling is not Process Modelling Jaap Gordijn12, Hans Akkermans13, and Hans van Vliet1 1 with a design of the e-business model. We often encounter the view, in research as well as industry practice, that an e-business model is similar to a business process model, and so can be specified using UML activity

  17. What's in an electronic business model? Jaap Gordijn12, Hans Akkermans13, and Hans van Vliet1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Vliet, Hans

    What's in an electronic business model? Jaap Gordijn12, Hans Akkermans13, and Hans van Vliet1 1. An electronic business model is an important baseline for the development of e-commerce system applications, how an e-business model must be defined and specified is a largely open issue. Business decision

  18. An Analysis of Facebook Photo Caching Qi Huang, Ken Birman, Robbert van Renesse, Wyatt Lloyd, Sanjeev Kumar, Harry C. Li

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Keinan, Alon

    An Analysis of Facebook Photo Caching Qi Huang, Ken Birman, Robbert van Renesse, Wyatt Lloyd, Sanjeev Kumar, Harry C. Li Cornell University, Princeton University, Facebook Inc. Abstract This paper examines the workload of Facebook's photo- serving stack and the effectiveness of the many layers

  19. Fluid jet polishing of optical surfaces Oliver W. Fa hnle, Hedser van Brug, and Hans J. Frankena

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fluid jet polishing of optical surfaces Oliver W. Fa¨ hnle, Hedser van Brug, and Hans J. Frankena of complex shapes. A fluid jet system is used to guide a premixed slurry at pressures less than 6 bars to cut glass by use of abrasive slurry jets ASJ's , in which a stream of premixed slurry is entrained

  20. THE INFORMATION IN INTUITIONISTIC LOGIC Johan van Benthem, Amsterdam & Stanford, http://staff.science.uva.nl/~johan/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amsterdam, University of

    that emerge. 1 Logic and information, a web of story lines The notion of information is not a standard theme on this theme (van Benthem & Martinez 2007). I quickly found an `embarras de richesse': many natural notions actual theme, having more to do with Dutch patriotism. Toward the end of the above-mentioned Handbook

  1. Process Mining: A Research Agenda W.M.P. van der Aalst and A.J.M.M. Weijters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van der Aalst, Wil

    Process Mining: A Research Agenda W.M.P. van der Aalst and A.J.M.M. Weijters Department and control opera- tional business processes ranging from simple internal back-office pro- cesses to complex rather than monitoring the opera- tional business processes. Process mining aims at extracting

  2. Colloidal Crystal Growth at Externally Imposed Nucleation Clusters Sven van Teeffelen,* Christos N. Likos, and Hartmut Lowen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Likos, Christos N.

    Colloidal Crystal Growth at Externally Imposed Nucleation Clusters Sven van Teeffelen,* Christos N positions triggers crystal nucleation from a metastable colloidal fluid. Dynamical density functional theory of colloidal particles and watch directly its impact on the rest of the colloidal suspension. If the crystal

  3. Mode coupling by plasmonic surface scatterers in thin-film silicon solar cells M. van Lare,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Polman, Albert

    Mode coupling by plasmonic surface scatterers in thin-film silicon solar cells M. van Lare,1 F a completed thin-film a-Si:H solar cell. Current-voltage measurements show a photocurrent enhancement of 10 of Physics. [http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.4767997] Thin-film solar cells offer the potential of high photovol

  4. Hidden scale invariance in molecular van der Waals liquids: A simulation study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas B. Schrøder; Ulf R. Pedersen; Nicholas Bailey; Søren Toxværd; Jeppe C. Dyre

    2009-09-18

    Results from molecular dynamics simulations of two viscous molecular model liquids -- the Lewis-Wahnstrom model of ortho-terphenyl and an asymmetric dumbbell model -- are reported. We demonstrate that the liquids have a ``hidden'' approximate scale invariance: Equilibrium potential energy fluctuations are accurately described by inverse power law (IPL) potentials, the radial distribution functions are accurately reproduced by the IPL's, and the radial distribution functions obey the IPL predicted scaling properties to a good approximation. IPL scaling of the dynamics also applies -- with the scaling exponent predicted by the equilibrium fluctuations. In contrast, the equation of state does not obey the IPL scaling. We argue that our results are general for van der Waals liquids, but do not apply, e.g., for hydrogen-bonded liquids.

  5. Turbulent mixing of a slightly supercritical Van der Waals fluid at Low-Mach number

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Battista, Francesco; Casciola, Carlo Massimo

    2014-01-01

    Supercritical fluids near the critical point are characterized by liquid-like densities and gas-like transport properties. These features are purposely exploited in different contexts ranging from natural products extraction/fractionation to aerospace propulsion. Large part of studies concerns this last context, focusing on the dynamics of supercritical fluids at high Mach number where compressibility and thermodynamics strictly interact. Despite the widespread use also at low Mach number, the turbulent mixing properties of slightly supercritical fluids have still not investigated in detail in this regime. This topic is addressed here by dealing with Direct Numerical Simulations (DNS) of a coaxial jet of a slightly supercritical Van der Waals fluid. Since acoustic effects are irrelevant in the Low Mach number conditions found in many industrial applications, the numerical model is based on a suitable low-Mach number expansion of the governing equation. According to experimental observations, the weakly superc...

  6. Benzene Adsorbed on Metals: Concerted Effect of Covalency and van der Waals Bonding

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Wei; Santra, Biswajit; Michaelides, Angelos; Scheffler, Matthias; Tkatchenko, Alexandre

    2012-01-01

    The adsorption of aromatic molecules on metal surfaces plays a key role in condensed matter physics and functional materials. Depending on the strength of the interaction between the molecule and the surface, the binding is typically classified as either physisorption or chemisorption. Van der Waals (vdW) interactions contribute significantly to the binding in physisorbed systems, but the role of the vdW energy in chemisorbed systems remains unclear. Here we study the interaction of benzene with the (111) surface of transition metals, ranging from weak adsorption (Ag and Au) to strong adsorption (Pt, Pd, Ir, and Rh). When vdW interactions are accurately accounted for, the barrier to adsorption predicted by standard density functional calculations essentially vanishes, producing a metastable precursor state on Pt and Ir surfaces. Notably, vdW forces contribute more to the binding of covalently bonded benzene than they do when benzene is physisorbed.

  7. High-field de Haas{endash}van Alphen measurements in Pd

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vuillemin, J.J. [Department of Physics, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona 85721 (United States)] [Department of Physics, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona 85721 (United States); Harrison, N. [National High Magnetic Field Laboratory, Los Alamos National Laboratory, LANL, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States)] [National High Magnetic Field Laboratory, Los Alamos National Laboratory, LANL, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States); Goodrich, R.G. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, Louisiana 70803 (United States)] [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, Louisiana 70803 (United States)

    1999-05-01

    The de Haas{endash}van Alphen (dHvA) effect in 99.999{percent} pure palladium has been observed in pulsed fields up to 60 T directed along [100]. We report a dHvA frequency of 73.5 kT with a cyclotron effective mass=12.5m{sub 0}. Such a frequency is not reported previously but is predicted by band theory for the open hole sheet of the Fermi surface. We also observe strong harmonic content near 50 T for the electron sheet and this is interpreted in terms of a field-dependent {ital g} factor. {copyright} {ital 1999} {ital The American Physical Society}

  8. The 1998 NGV lineup: Cars and trucks and vans, oh my!

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1997-09-01

    As the 1998 model cars roll off the assembly line, environmentalists and the natural gas industry can take pride in the fact that more new natural gas vehicles (NGVs) have joined the lineup. And more will join the fleet by the beginning of the 1999 model year. Two new 1998 NGVs are bi-fuel versions of Ford Motor Co.`s F-Series pickup truck and Econoline van. With two separate fuel systems, the vehicles can be switched between unleaded gasoline and natural gas while in motion. In addition, Mack Trucks Inc. introduced two refuse truck models in late May. American Gas looks at the lineup for this fall and sees a greater variety of vehicles than ever before, with still more promised before the 1999 season begins.

  9. A background correction algorithm for Van Allen Probes MagEIS electron flux measurements

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Claudepierre, S. G.; O'Brien, T. P.; Blake, J. B.; Fennell, J. F.; Roeder, J. L.; Clemmons, J. H.; Looper, M. D.; Mazur, J. E.; Mulligan, T. M.; Spence, H. E.; et al

    2015-07-14

    We describe an automated computer algorithm designed to remove background contamination from the Van Allen Probes Magnetic Electron Ion Spectrometer (MagEIS) electron flux measurements. We provide a detailed description of the algorithm with illustrative examples from on-orbit data. We find two primary sources of background contamination in the MagEIS electron data: inner zone protons and bremsstrahlung X-rays generated by energetic electrons interacting with the spacecraft material. Bremsstrahlung X-rays primarily produce contamination in the lower energy MagEIS electron channels (~30–500 keV) and in regions of geospace where multi-M eV electrons are present. Inner zone protons produce contamination in all MagEIS energymore »channels at roughly L « less

  10. Phase diagram of Rydberg atoms with repulsive van der Waals interaction

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Osychenko, O. N.; Astrakharchik, G. E.; Boronat, J.; Lutsyshyn, Y.; Lozovik, Yu. E.

    2011-12-15

    We report a quantum Monte Carlo calculation of the phase diagram of bosons interacting with a repulsive inverse sixth power pair potential, a model for assemblies of Rydberg atoms in the local van der Waals blockade regime. The model can be parametrized in terms of just two parameters, the reduced density and temperature. Solidification happens to the fcc phase. At zero temperature, the transition density is found with the diffusion Monte Carlo method at density {rho}=3.9 (({Dirac_h}/2{pi}){sup 2}/mC{sub 6}){sup 3/4}, where C{sub 6} is the strength of the interaction. The solidification curve at nonzero temperature is studied with the path-integral Monte Carlo approach and is compared with transitions in corresponding harmonic and classical crystals. Relaxation mechanisms are considered in relation to present experiments.

  11. Theory of the colossal Van-der-Waals binding in soft and hard condensed matter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mladen Georgiev; Alexander Gochev; Jai Singh

    2005-10-12

    A simple theory is proposed for the dispersive molecular binding of unusually high magnitude due to an enhanced polarizability. Two alternative ways have so far been considered in the literature leading to the polarizability enhancement: (i) a vibronic energy level gap narrowing, as proposed by us with regard to a hypothetical exciton matter, and (ii) a giant electric dipole in a Rydberg state of constituent atoms, as proposed by Gilman with regard to an enigmatic substance building the ball lightning. We now combine the two mechanisms to obtain concrete expressions for the colossal binding energy. The problem is exemplified for a three-level system coupled to the umbrella mode of an ammonia molecule. Other possibilities for the design of enhanced-polarizability molecules are also discussed. The colossal Van-der-Waals binding is most likely to materialize in hard condensed matter and perhaps less so in soft condensed matter.

  12. Critical gravity as van Dam-Veltman-Zakharov discontinuity in anti de Sitter space

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yun Soo Myung

    2011-07-20

    We consider critical gravity as van Dam-Vletman-Zakharov (vDVZ) discontinuity in anti de Sitter space. For this purpose, we introduce the higher curvature gravity. This discontinuity can be confirmed by calculating the residues of relevant poles explicitly. For the non-critical gravity of $0

  13. The Van der Waals interaction of the hydrogen molecule - an exact local energy density functional

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    T. C. Choy

    1999-11-26

    We verify that the van der Waals interaction and hence all dispersion interactions for the hydrogen molecule given by: W"= -{A/R^6}-{B/R^8}-{C/R^10}- ..., in which R is the internuclear separation, are exactly soluble. The constants A=6.4990267..., B=124.3990835 ... and C=1135.2140398... (in Hartree units) first obtained approximately by Pauling and Beach (PB) [1] using a linear variational method, can be shown to be obtainable to any desired accuracy via our exact solution. In addition we shall show that a local energy density functional can be obtained, whose variational solution rederives the exact solution for this problem. This demonstrates explicitly that a static local density functional theory exists for this system. We conclude with remarks about generalising the method to other hydrogenic systems and also to helium.

  14. Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity: Dodge Ram Wagon Van - Hydrogen/CNG Operations Summary - January 2003

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Karner, D.; Francfort, J.E.

    2003-01-16

    Over the past two years, Arizona Public Service, a subsidiary of Pinnacle West Capital Corporation, in cooperation with the U.S. Department of Energy's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity, tested four gaseous fuel vehicles as part of its alternative fueled vehicle fleet. One vehicle, a Dodge Ram Wagon Van, operated initially using compressed natural gas (CNG) and later a blend of CNG and hydrogen. Of the other three vehicles, one was fueled with pure hydrogen and two were fueled with a blend of CNG and hydrogen. The three blended-fuel vehicles were originally equipped with either factory CNG engines or factory gasoline engines that were converted to run CNG fuel. The vehicles were variously modified to operate on blended fuel and were tested using 15 to 50% blends of hydrogen (by volume). The pure-hydrogen-fueled vehicle was converted from gasoline fuel to operate on 100% hydrogen. All vehicles were fueled from the Arizona Public Service's Fuel Pilot Plant, which was developed to dispense gaseous fuels, including CNG, blends of CNG and hydrogen, and pure hydrogen with up to 99.9999% purity. The primary objective of the test was to evaluate the safety and reliability of operating vehicles on hydrogen and blended hydrogen fuel, and the interface between the vehicles and the hydrogen fueling infrastructure. A secondary objective was to quantify vehicle emissions, cost, and performance. Over a total of 40,000 fleet test miles, no safety issues were found. Also, significant reductions in emissions were achieved by adding hydrogen to the fuel. This report presents results of 22,816 miles of testing for the Dodge Ram Wagon Van, operating on CNG fuel, and a blended fuel of 15% hydrogen-85% CNG.

  15. Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity: Dodge Ram Wagon Van -- Hydrogen/CNG Operations Summary

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Don Karner; Francfort, James Edward

    2003-01-01

    Over the past two years, Arizona Public Service, a subsidiary of Pinnacle West Capital Corporation, in cooperation with the U.S. Department of Energy’s Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity, tested four gaseous fuel vehicles as part of its alternative fueled vehicle fleet. One vehicle, a Dodge Ram Wagon Van, operated initially using compressed natural gas (CNG) and later a blend of CNG and hydrogen. Of the other three vehicles, one was fueled with pure hydrogen and two were fueled with a blend of CNG and hydrogen. The three blended-fuel vehicles were originally equipped with either factory CNG engines or factory gasoline engines that were converted to run CNG fuel. The vehicles were variously modified to operate on blended fuel and were tested using 15 to 50% blends of hydrogen (by volume). The pure-hydrogen-fueled vehicle was converted from gasoline fuel to operate on 100% hydrogen. All vehicles were fueled from the Arizona Public Service’s Alternative Fuel Pilot Plant, which was developed to dispense gaseous fuels, including CNG, blends of CNG and hydrogen, and pure hydrogen with up to 99.9999% purity. The primary objective of the test was to evaluate the safety and reliability of operating vehicles on hydrogen and blended hydrogen fuel, and the interface between the vehicles and the hydrogen fueling infrastructure. A secondary objective was to quantify vehicle emissions, cost, and performance. Over a total of 40,000 fleet test miles, no safety issues were found. Also, significant reductions in emissions were achieved by adding hydrogen to the fuel. This report presents results of 22,816 miles of testing for the Dodge Ram Wagon Van, operating on CNG fuel, and a blended fuel of 15% hydrogen–85% CNG.

  16. ACCESS Magazine Spring 2004

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2004-01-01

    of articulated and double-decker buses, while those for Hongnumbers of both double deckers and minibuses. Source:

  17. Brazil's Buses: Simply Successful

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Golub, Aaron

    2004-01-01

    of articulated and double-decker buses, while those for Hongnumbers of both double deckers and minibuses. Source:

  18. Pas afgestudeerd aan de VUB en nu reeds te CERN! Isis Van Parijs en Lieselotte Moreels zijn op 5 juli geproclameerd als Master in de

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Steels, Luc

    Pas afgestudeerd aan de VUB en nu reeds te CERN! Isis Van Parijs en://cms.web.cern.ch/ ) Foto's: Lieselotte (links) en Isis (rechts) voor hun detector. Foto's: Isis aan het werk in de CMS detector. #12;

  19. Soils of Collin, Frio, Galveston, Midland, Potter, and Van Zandt Counties and the Trans-Pecos Area. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fraps, G. S. (George Stronach); Fudge, J. F. (Joseph Franklin)

    1936-01-01

    and the Trans-Pecos Area AGRICULTURAL AND MECHANICAL COLLEGE OF TEXAS T. 0. WALTON, President Chemical analyses and some pot experiments are reported >r representative samples of typical soils of Collin, Fkio, Gal- eston, Midland, Potter, and Van Zandt... Potash 6 Acidity 6 How to use the analyses 8 Explanation of terms 0 Classification of constituents Saline soils Pot experiments Relation of chemical analysis to production Average composition of the soils studied Fertilizers for the soils...

  20. The occurrence and wave properties of H?-, He?-, and O?-band EMIC waves observed by the Van Allen Probes

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Saikin, A. A.; Zhang, J. -C.; Allen, R. C.; Smith, C. W.; Kistler, L. M.; Spence, H. E.; Torbert, R. B.; Kletzing, C. A.; Jordanova, Vania K.

    2015-09-26

    We perform a statistical study of electromagnetic ion cyclotron (EMIC) waves detected by the Van Allen Probes mission to investigate the spatial distribution of their occurrence, wave power, ellipticity, and normal angle. The Van Allen Probes have been used which allow us to explore the inner magnetosphere (1.1 to 5.8 RE). Magnetic field measurements from the Electric and Magnetic Field Instrument Suite and Integrated Science on board the Van Allen Probes are used to identify EMIC wave events for the first 22 months of the mission operation (8 September 2012 to 30 June 2014). EMIC waves are examined in H?-,more »He?-, and O?-bands. Over 700 EMIC wave events have been identified over the three different wave bands (265 H?-band events, 438 He?-band events, and 68 O?-band events). EMIC wave events are observed between L = 2 – 8, with over 140 EMIC wave events observed below L = 4. The results show that H?-band EMIC waves have two peak magnetic local time (MLT) occurrence regions: pre-noon (09:00 0.1 nT²/Hz), especially in the afternoon sector. Ellipticity observations reveal that linearly polarized EMIC waves dominate in lower L shells.« less

  1. Generalization of the van der Waals equation for anisotropic fluids in porous media

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Myroslav Holovko; Volodymyr Shmotolokha

    2015-09-01

    The generalized van der Waals equation of state for anisotropic liquids in porous media consists of two terms.One of them is based on the equation of state for hard spherocylinders in random porous media obtained from the scaled particle theory.The second term is expressed in terms of the mean value of attractive intermolecular interactions.The obtained equation is used for the investigation of the gas-liquid-nematic phase behavior of a molecular system depending on the anisotropy of molecule shapes, anisotropy of attractive intermolecular interactions, and porosity of a porous medium.It is shown that the anisotropic phase is formed by the anisotropy of attractive intermolecular interactions and by the anisotropy of molecular shapes.The anisotropy of molecular shapes shifts the phase diagram to lower densities and higher temperatures.The anisotropy of attractive interactions widens significantly the coexistence region between the isotropic and anisotropic phases and shifts it to the region of lower densities and higher temperatures.It is shown that, for sufficiently long spherocylinders, the liquid-gas transition is localized completely within the nematic region.For all the considered cases, the decrease of the porosity shifts the phase diagram to the region of lower densities and lower temperatures.

  2. The role of van der Waals interactions in the adsorption of noble gases on metal surfaces

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chen, De-Li; Al-Saidi, W. A.; Johnson, J. Karl

    2012-10-24

    Adsorption of noble gases on metal surfaces is determined by weak interactions. We applied two versions of the nonlocal van der Waals density functional (vdW-DF) to compute adsorption energies of Ar, Kr, and Xe on Pt(111), Pd(111), Cu(111), and Cu(110) metal surfaces. We have compared our results with data obtained using other density functional approaches, including the semiempirical vdW corrected DFT-D2. The vdW-DF results show considerable improvements in the description of adsorption energies and equilibrium distances over other DFTbased methods, giving good agreement with experiments. We have also calculated perpendicular vibrational energies for noble gases on the metal surfaces using vdWDF data and found excellent agreement with available experimental results. Our vdW-DF calculations show that adsorption of noble gases on low-coordination sites is energetically favored over high-coordination sites, but only by a few meV. Analysis of the 2-dimensional potential energy surface shows that the high-coordination sites are local maxima on the 2-dimensional potential energy surface and therefore unlikely to be observed in experiments, which provides an explanation of the experimental observations. The DFT-D2 approach with the standard parameterization was found to overestimate the dispersion interactions, and to give the wrong adsorption site preference for four of the nine systems we studied.

  3. A background correction algorithm for Van Allen Probes MagEIS electron flux measurements

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Claudepierre, S. G.; O'Brien, T. P.; Blake, J. B.; Fennell, J. F.; Roeder, J. L.; Clemmons, J. H.; Looper, M. D.; Mazur, J. E.; Mulligan, T. M.; Spence, H. E.; Reeves, G. D.; Friedel, R. H. W.; Henderson, M. G.; Larsen, B. A.

    2015-07-14

    We describe an automated computer algorithm designed to remove background contamination from the Van Allen Probes Magnetic Electron Ion Spectrometer (MagEIS) electron flux measurements. We provide a detailed description of the algorithm with illustrative examples from on-orbit data. We find two primary sources of background contamination in the MagEIS electron data: inner zone protons and bremsstrahlung X-rays generated by energetic electrons interacting with the spacecraft material. Bremsstrahlung X-rays primarily produce contamination in the lower energy MagEIS electron channels (~30–500 keV) and in regions of geospace where multi-M eV electrons are present. Inner zone protons produce contamination in all MagEIS energy channels at roughly L < 2.5. The background-corrected MagEIS electron data produce a more accurate measurement of the electron radiation belts, as most earlier measurements suffer from unquantifiable and uncorrectable contamination in this harsh region of the near-Earth space environment. These background-corrected data will also be useful for spacecraft engineering purposes, providing ground truth for the near-Earth electron environment and informing the next generation of spacecraft design models (e.g., AE9).

  4. Limiting temperature of pion gas with the van der Waals equation of state

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Poberezhnyuk, R V; Anchishkin, D V; Gorenstein, M I

    2015-01-01

    The grand canonical ensemble formulation of the van der Waals equation of state that includes the effects of Bose statistics is applied to an equilibrium system of interacting pions. If the attractive interaction between pions is large enough, a limiting temperature $T_0$ emerges, i.e., no thermodynamical equilibrium is possible at $T>T_0$. The system pressure $p$, particle number density $n$, and energy density $\\varepsilon$ remain finite at $T=T_0$, whereas for $T$ near $T_0$ both the specific heat $C=d\\varepsilon/dT$ and the scaled variance of particle number fluctuations $\\omega[N]$ are proportional to $(T_0-T)^{-1/2}$ and, thus, go to infinity at $T\\rightarrow T_0$. The limiting temperature corresponds also to the softest point of the equation of state, i.e., the speed of sound squared $c_s^2=dp/d\\varepsilon$ goes to zero as $(T_0-T)^{1/2}$. Very similar thermodynamical behavior takes place in the Hagedorn model for the special choice of a power, namely $m^{-4}$, in the pre-exponential factor of the mass...

  5. Limiting temperature of pion gas with the van der Waals equation of state

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R. V. Poberezhnyuk; V. Vovchenko; D. V. Anchishkin; M. I. Gorenstein

    2015-08-19

    The grand canonical ensemble formulation of the van der Waals equation of state that includes the effects of Bose statistics is applied to an equilibrium system of interacting pions. If the attractive interaction between pions is large enough, a limiting temperature $T_0$ emerges, i.e., no thermodynamical equilibrium is possible at $T>T_0$. The system pressure $p$, particle number density $n$, and energy density $\\varepsilon$ remain finite at $T=T_0$, whereas for $T$ near $T_0$ both the specific heat $C=d\\varepsilon/dT$ and the scaled variance of particle number fluctuations $\\omega[N]$ are proportional to $(T_0-T)^{-1/2}$ and, thus, go to infinity at $T\\rightarrow T_0$. The limiting temperature corresponds also to the softest point of the equation of state, i.e., the speed of sound squared $c_s^2=dp/d\\varepsilon$ goes to zero as $(T_0-T)^{1/2}$. Very similar thermodynamical behavior takes place in the Hagedorn model for the special choice of a power, namely $m^{-4}$, in the pre-exponential factor of the mass spectrum $\\rho(m)$.

  6. Controlled Synthesis of Organic/Inorganic van de Waals Solid for Tunable Light-matter Interactions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Niu, Lin; Cong, Chunxiao; Wu, Chunyang; Wu, Di; Chang, Tay-Rong; Wang, Hong; Zeng, Qingsheng; Zhou, Jiadong; Wang, Xingli; Fu, Wei; Yu, Peng; Fu, Qundong; Zhang, Zhuhua; Yakobson, Boris I; Tay, Beng Kang; Jeng, Horng-Tay; Lin, Hsin; Sum, Tze Chien; Jin, Chuanhong; He, Haiyong; Yu, Ting; Liu, Zheng

    2015-01-01

    Van de Waals (vdW) solids, as a new type of artificial materials that consisting of alternative layers bonded by weak interactions, have shed light on fantastic optoelectronic devices. As a result, a large variety of shining vdW devices have been engineered via layer-by-layer stacking of two-dimensional materials, although shadowed by the difficulties of fabrication. Alternatively, direct growth of vdW solids have been proved a scalable and swift way towards vdW solids, reflected by the successful synthesis of graphene/h-BN and transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs) vertical heterostructures from controlled vapor deposition. Enlightened by it, with a three-step deposition and reaction, we realize high-quality organic and inorganic vdW solids, using methylammonium lead halide as the organic part (organic perovskite) and 2D monolayers inorganic as counterpart. Being a perfect light absorbent, the electrons and holes generated in organic perovskite couple with its inorganic 2D companions, and behave dramaticall...

  7. Van der Waals Equation of State with Fermi Statistics for Nuclear Matter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    V. Vovchenko; D. V. Anchishkin; M. I. Gorenstein

    2015-06-26

    The van der Waals (VDW) equation of state is a simple and popular model to describe the pressure function in equilibrium systems of particles with both repulsive and attractive interactions. This equation predicts an existence of a first-order liquid-gas phase transition and contains a critical point. Two steps to extend the VDW equation and make it appropriate for new physical applications are carried out in this paper: 1) the grand canonical ensemble formulation; 2) an inclusion of the quantum statistics. The VDW equation with Fermi statistics is then applied to a description of the system of interacting nucleons. The VDW parameters $a$ and $b$ are fixed to reproduce the properties of nuclear matter at saturation density $n_0=0.16$ fm$^{-3}$ and zero temperature. The model predicts a location of the critical point for the symmetric nuclear matter at temperature $T_c\\cong 19.7$ MeV and nucleon number density $n_c \\cong 0.07$ fm$^{-3}$.

  8. A long-lived relativistic electron storage ring embedded in Earth's Outer Van Allen belt

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Baker, D. N.; Kanekal, S. G.; Hoxie, V. C.; Henderson, M. G.; Li, X.; Spence, H. E.; Elkington, S. R.; Friedel, R. H. W.; Goldstein, J.; Hudson, M. K.; et al

    2013-02-28

    Since their discovery over 50 years ago, the Earth’s Van Allen radiation belts are thought to consist of two distinct zones of trapped, highly energetic charged particles. The outer zone is comprised predominantly of mega-electron volt (MeV) electrons that wax and wane in intensity on time scales ranging from hours to days depending primarily on external forcing by the solar wind. Thus, the spatially separated inner zone is comprised of commingled high-energy electrons and very energetic positive ions (mostly protons), the latter being stable in intensity levels over years to decades. In situ energy-specific and temporally resolved spacecraft observations revealmore »an isolated third ring, or torus, of high-energy (E > 2 MeV) electrons that formed on 2 September 2012 and persisted largely unchanged in the geocentric radial range of 3.0 to ~3.5 Earth radii for over four weeks before being disrupted (and virtually annihilated) by a powerful interplanetary shock wave passage.« less

  9. Cargo Cult Science Richard Feynman

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tesfatsion, Leigh

    of it did. But even today I meet lots of people who sooner or later get me into a conversation about UFO

  10. Experimental validation of the van Herk margin formula for lung radiation therapy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ecclestone, Gillian; Heath, Emily; Bissonnette, Jean-Pierre

    2013-11-15

    Purpose: To validate the van Herk margin formula for lung radiation therapy using realistic dose calculation algorithms and respiratory motion modeling. The robustness of the margin formula against variations in lesion size, peak-to-peak motion amplitude, tissue density, treatment technique, and plan conformity was assessed, along with the margin formula assumption of a homogeneous dose distribution with perfect plan conformity.Methods: 3DCRT and IMRT lung treatment plans were generated within the ORBIT treatment planning platform (RaySearch Laboratories, Sweden) on 4DCT datasets of virtual phantoms. Random and systematic respiratory motion induced errors were simulated using deformable registration and dose accumulation tools available within ORBIT for simulated cases of varying lesion sizes, peak-to-peak motion amplitudes, tissue densities, and plan conformities. A detailed comparison between the margin formula dose profile model, the planned dose profiles, and penumbra widths was also conducted to test the assumptions of the margin formula. Finally, a correction to account for imperfect plan conformity was tested as well as a novel application of the margin formula that accounts for the patient-specific motion trajectory.Results: The van Herk margin formula ensured full clinical target volume coverage for all 3DCRT and IMRT plans of all conformities with the exception of small lesions in soft tissue. No dosimetric trends with respect to plan technique or lesion size were observed for the systematic and random error simulations. However, accumulated plans showed that plan conformity decreased with increasing tumor motion amplitude. When comparing dose profiles assumed in the margin formula model to the treatment plans, discrepancies in the low dose regions were observed for the random and systematic error simulations. However, the margin formula respected, in all experiments, the 95% dose coverage required for planning target volume (PTV) margin derivation, as defined by the ICRU; thus, suitable PTV margins were estimated. The penumbra widths calculated in lung tissue for each plan were found to be very similar to the 6.4 mm value assumed by the margin formula model. The plan conformity correction yielded inconsistent results which were largely affected by image and dose grid resolution while the trajectory modified PTV plans yielded a dosimetric benefit over the standard internal target volumes approach with up to a 5% decrease in the V20 value.Conclusions: The margin formula showed to be robust against variations in tumor size and motion, treatment technique, plan conformity, as well as low tissue density. This was validated by maintaining coverage of all of the derived PTVs by 95% dose level, as required by the formal definition of the PTV. However, the assumption of perfect plan conformity in the margin formula derivation yields conservative margin estimation. Future modifications to the margin formula will require a correction for plan conformity. Plan conformity can also be improved by using the proposed trajectory modified PTV planning approach. This proves especially beneficial for tumors with a large anterior–posterior component of respiratory motion.

  11. Turbulent mixing of a slightly supercritical van der Waals fluid at low-Mach number

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Battista, F.; Casciola, C. M.; Picano, F.

    2014-05-15

    Supercritical fluids near the critical point are characterized by liquid-like densities and gas-like transport properties. These features are purposely exploited in different contexts ranging from natural products extraction/fractionation to aerospace propulsion. Large part of studies concerns this last context, focusing on the dynamics of supercritical fluids at high Mach number where compressibility and thermodynamics strictly interact. Despite the widespread use also at low Mach number, the turbulent mixing properties of slightly supercritical fluids have still not investigated in detail in this regime. This topic is addressed here by dealing with Direct Numerical Simulations of a coaxial jet of a slightly supercritical van der Waals fluid. Since acoustic effects are irrelevant in the low Mach number conditions found in many industrial applications, the numerical model is based on a suitable low-Mach number expansion of the governing equation. According to experimental observations, the weakly supercritical regime is characterized by the formation of finger-like structures – the so-called ligaments – in the shear layers separating the two streams. The mechanism of ligament formation at vanishing Mach number is extracted from the simulations and a detailed statistical characterization is provided. Ligaments always form whenever a high density contrast occurs, independently of real or perfect gas behaviors. The difference between real and perfect gas conditions is found in the ligament small-scale structure. More intense density gradients and thinner interfaces characterize the near critical fluid in comparison with the smoother behavior of the perfect gas. A phenomenological interpretation is here provided on the basis of the real gas thermodynamics properties.

  12. Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity: Hydrogen-Fueled Mercedes Sprinter Van -- Operating Summary

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Karner, D.; Francfort, James Edward

    2003-01-01

    Over the past two years, Arizona Public Service, a subsidiary of Pinnacle West Capital Corporation, in cooperation with the U.S. Department of Energy's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity, tested four gaseous fuel vehicles as part of its alternative fueled vehicle fleet. One vehicle operated initially using compressed natural gas (CNG) and later a blend of CNG and hydrogen. Of the other three vehicles, one was fueled with pure hydrogen and two were fueled with a blend of CNG and hydrogen. The three blended-fuel vehicles were originally equipped with either factory CNG engines or factory gasoline engines that were converted to run CNG fuel. The vehicles were variously modified to operate on blended fuel and were tested using 15 to 50% blends of hydrogen (by volume). The pure- hydrogen-fueled vehicle was converted from gasoline fuel to operate on 100% hydrogen. All vehicles were fueled from the Arizona Public Service's Alternative Fuel Pilot Plant, which was developed to dispense gaseous fuels, including CNG, blends of CNG and hydrogen, and pure hydrogen with up to 99.9999% purity. The primary objective of the test was to evaluate the safety and reliability of operating vehicles on hydrogen and blended hydrogen fuel, and the interface between the vehicles and the hydrogen fueling infrastructure. A secondary objective was to quantify vehicle emissions, cost, and performance. Over a total of 40,000 fleet test miles, no safety issues were found. Also, significant reductions in emissions were achieved by adding hydrogen to the fuel. This report presents results of testing conducted over 6,864 kilometers (4,265 miles) of operation using the pure-hydrogen-fueled Mercedes Sprinter van.

  13. Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity: Hydrogen-Fueled Mercedes Sprinter Van Operating Summary - January 2003

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Karner, D.; Francfort, J.E.

    2003-01-22

    Over the past two years, Arizona Public Service, a subsidiary of Pinnacle West Capital Corporation, in cooperation with the U.S. Department of Energy's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity, tested four gaseous fuel vehicles as part of its alternative fueled vehicle fleet. One vehicle operated initially using compressed natural gas (CNG) and later a blend of CNG and hydrogen. Of the other three vehicles, one was fueled with pure hydrogen and two were fueled with a blend of CNG and hydrogen. The three blended-fuel vehicles were originally equipped with either factory CNG engines or factory gasoline engines that were converted to run CNG fuel. The vehicles were variously modified to operate on blended fuel and were tested using 15 to 50% blends of hydrogen (by volume). The pure-hydrogen-fueled vehicle was converted from gasoline fuel to operate on 100% hydrogen. All vehicles were fueled from the Arizona Public Service's Alternative Fuel Pilot Plant, which was developed to dispense gaseous fuels, including CNG, blends of CNG and hydrogen, and pure hydrogen with up to 99.9999% purity. The primary objective of the test was to evaluate the safety and reliability of operating vehicles on hydrogen and blended hydrogen fuel, and the interface between the vehicles and the hydrogen fueling infrastructure. A secondary objective was to quantify vehicle emissions, cost, and performance. Over a total of 40,000 fleet test miles, no safety issues were found. Also, significant reductions in emissions were achieved by adding hydrogen to the fuel. This report presents results of testing conducted over 6,864 kilometers (4,265 miles) of operation using the pure-hydrogen-fueled Mercedes Sprinter van.

  14. Energetic electron precipitation associated with pulsating aurora: EISCAT and Van Allen Probe observations

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Miyoshi, Y.; Oyama, S.; Saito, S.; Kurita, S.; Fujiwara, H.; Kataoka, R.; Ebihara, Y.; Kletzing, C.; Reeves, G.; Santolik, O.; et al

    2015-04-21

    Pulsating auroras show quasi-periodic intensity modulations caused by the precipitation of energetic electrons of the order of tens of keV. It is expected theoretically that not only these electrons but also subrelativistic/relativistic electrons precipitate simultaneously into the ionosphere owing to whistler mode wave-particle interactions. The height-resolved electron density profile was observed with the European Incoherent Scatter (EISCAT) Tromsø VHF radar on 17 November 2012. Electron density enhancements were clearly identified at altitudes >68 km in association with the pulsating aurora, suggesting precipitation of electrons with a broadband energy range from ~10 keV up to at least 200 keV. The riometermore »and network of subionospheric radio wave observations also showed the energetic electron precipitations during this period. During this period, the footprint of the Van Allen Probe-A satellite was very close to Tromsø and the satellite observed rising tone emissions of the lower band chorus (LBC) waves near the equatorial plane. Considering the observed LBC waves and electrons, we conducted a computer simulation of the wave-particle interactions. This showed simultaneous precipitation of electrons at both tens of keV and a few hundred keV, which is consistent with the energy spectrum estimated by the inversion method using the EISCAT observations. This result revealed that electrons with a wide energy range simultaneously precipitate into the ionosphere in association with the pulsating aurora, providing the evidence that pulsating auroras are caused by whistler chorus waves. We suggest that scattering by propagating whistler simultaneously causes both the precipitations of subrelativistic electrons and the pulsating aurora.« less

  15. The occurrence and wave properties of H?-, He?-, and O?-band EMIC waves observed by the Van Allen Probes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Saikin, A. A.; Zhang, J. -C.; Allen, R. C.; Smith, C. W.; Kistler, L. M.; Spence, H. E.; Torbert, R. B.; Kletzing, C. A.; Jordanova, Vania K.

    2015-09-26

    We perform a statistical study of electromagnetic ion cyclotron (EMIC) waves detected by the Van Allen Probes mission to investigate the spatial distribution of their occurrence, wave power, ellipticity, and normal angle. The Van Allen Probes have been used which allow us to explore the inner magnetosphere (1.1 to 5.8 RE). Magnetic field measurements from the Electric and Magnetic Field Instrument Suite and Integrated Science on board the Van Allen Probes are used to identify EMIC wave events for the first 22 months of the mission operation (8 September 2012 to 30 June 2014). EMIC waves are examined in H?-, He?-, and O?-bands. Over 700 EMIC wave events have been identified over the three different wave bands (265 H?-band events, 438 He?-band events, and 68 O?-band events). EMIC wave events are observed between L = 2 – 8, with over 140 EMIC wave events observed below L = 4. The results show that H?-band EMIC waves have two peak magnetic local time (MLT) occurrence regions: pre-noon (09:00 < MLT ? 12:00) and afternoon (15:00 < MLT ? 17:00) sectors. He?-band EMIC waves feature an overall stronger dayside occurrence. O?-band EMIC waves have one peak region located in the morning sector at lower L shells (L < 4). He?-band EMIC waves average the highest wave power overall (>0.1 nT²/Hz), especially in the afternoon sector. Ellipticity observations reveal that linearly polarized EMIC waves dominate in lower L shells.

  16. A review of "The Burgher and the Whore: Prostitution in Early Modern Amsterdam" by Lotte van de Pol 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cruz, Laura

    2012-01-01

    to spend time in the Spinhuis, a redemptive work house for women, that, somewhat ironically, also served as a popular tourist attraction. Criminal records in the early modern period are notoriously di? cult sources with which to work, and the portrayal... appear rarely in the records and the focus of the study is on more public types of prostitutes, such as streetwalkers or those associated with brothels and music houses, who were more likely to appear in criminal records. Van de Pol ? lls the gaps...

  17. Wave Equations for Invariant Infeld-van der Waerden Wave Functions for Photons and Their Physical Significance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. G. Cardoso

    2010-06-09

    The inner structure of the {\\gamma}{\\epsilon}-formalisms of Infeld and van der Waerden admits the occurrence of spin-tensor electromagnetic fields which bear invariance under the action of the generalized Weyl gauge group. A concise derivation of the wave equations for such fields is carried out explicitly along with the construction of a set of torsionless covariant-derivative expressions. It is emphatically pointed out that the integration of the wave equations arising herein may under certain circumstances produce significant insights into the situation concerning the description of some physical properties of the cosmic microwave background.

  18. A 2 MV Van de Graaff accelerator as a tool for planetary and impact physics research

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mocker, Anna; Bugiel, Sebastian; Srama, Ralf [IRS, Universitaet Stuttgart, Pfaffenwaldring 31, D-70569 Stuttgart (Germany); MPI fuer Kernphysik, Saupfercheckweg 1, D-69117 Heidelberg (Germany); Auer, Siegfried [A and M Associates, PO Box 421, Basye, Virginia 22810 (United States); Baust, Guenter; Matt, Guenter; Otto, Katharina [MPI fuer Kernphysik, Saupfercheckweg 1, D-69117 Heidelberg (Germany); Colette, Andrew; Drake, Keith; Kempf, Sascha; Munsat, Tobin; Shu, Anthony; Sternovsky, Zoltan [LASP, University of Colorado, 1234 Innovation Drive, Boulder, Colorado 80303 (United States); Colorado Center for Lunar Dust and Atmospheric Studies, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado 80303 (United States); Fiege, Katherina; Postberg, Frank [Institut fuer Geowissenschaften, Universitaet Heidelberg, D-69120 Stuttgart (Germany); MPI fuer Kernphysik, Saupfercheckweg 1, D-69117 Heidelberg (Germany); Gruen, Eberhard [MPI fuer Kernphysik, Saupfercheckweg 1, D-69117 Heidelberg (Germany); LASP, University of Colorado, 1234 Innovation Drive, Boulder, Colorado 80303 (United States); Heckmann, Frieder [Steinbeis-Innovationszentrum Raumfahrt, Gaeufelden (Germany); Helfert, Stefan [Helfert Informatik, Mannheim (Germany); Hillier, Jonathan [Institut fuer Geowissenschaften, Universitaet Heidelberg, D-69120 Stuttgart (Germany); Mellert, Tobias [IRS, Universitaet Stuttgart, Pfaffenwaldring 31, D-70569 Stuttgart (Germany); and others

    2011-09-15

    Investigating the dynamical and physical properties of cosmic dust can reveal a great deal of information about both the dust and its many sources. Over recent years, several spacecraft (e.g., Cassini, Stardust, Galileo, and Ulysses) have successfully characterised interstellar, interplanetary, and circumplanetary dust using a variety of techniques, including in situ analyses and sample return. Charge, mass, and velocity measurements of the dust are performed either directly (induced charge signals) or indirectly (mass and velocity from impact ionisation signals or crater morphology) and constrain the dynamical parameters of the dust grains. Dust compositional information may be obtained via either time-of-flight mass spectrometry of the impact plasma or direct sample return. The accurate and reliable interpretation of collected spacecraft data requires a comprehensive programme of terrestrial instrument calibration. This process involves accelerating suitable solar system analogue dust particles to hypervelocity speeds in the laboratory, an activity performed at the Max Planck Institut fuer Kernphysik in Heidelberg, Germany. Here, a 2 MV Van de Graaff accelerator electrostatically accelerates charged micron and submicron-sized dust particles to speeds up to 80 km s{sup -1}. Recent advances in dust production and processing have allowed solar system analogue dust particles (silicates and other minerals) to be coated with a thin conductive shell, enabling them to be charged and accelerated. Refinements and upgrades to the beam line instrumentation and electronics now allow for the reliable selection of particles at velocities of 1-80 km s{sup -1} and with diameters of between 0.05 {mu}m and 5 {mu}m. This ability to select particles for subsequent impact studies based on their charges, masses, or velocities is provided by a particle selection unit (PSU). The PSU contains a field programmable gate array, capable of monitoring in real time the particles' speeds and charges, and is controlled remotely by a custom, platform independent, software package. The new control instrumentation and electronics, together with the wide range of accelerable particle types, allow the controlled investigation of hypervelocity impact phenomena across a hitherto unobtainable range of impact parameters.

  19. L.J. van Vliet and P.W. Verbeek, Curvature and bending energy in digitized 2D and 3D images, in: SCIA'93, Proc. Scandinavian Conference on Image Analysis, Tromso, Norway, 1993, 1403-1410.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Vliet, Lucas J.

    L.J. van Vliet and P.W. Verbeek, Curvature and bending energy in digitized 2D and 3D images, in-1410. Curvature and Bending Energy in Digitized 2D and 3D Images Lucas J. van Vliet and Piet W. Verbeek Pattern. In this paper we estimate object curvature directly from a properly sampled gray- scale image using 2D isotropic

  20. L.J. van Vliet and P.W. Verbeek, Curvature and bending energy in digitized 2D and 3D images, in: SCIA'93, Proc. 8 th Scandinavian Conference on Image Analysis, Tromso, Norway, 1993, 14031410.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Vliet, Lucas J.

    L.J. van Vliet and P.W. Verbeek, Curvature and bending energy in digitized 2D and 3D images, in­1410. Curvature and Bending Energy in Digitized 2D and 3D Images Lucas J. van Vliet and Piet W. Verbeek Pattern. In this paper we estimate object curvature directly from a properly sampled gray­ scale image using 2D isotropic

  1. TEMPERATURE MEASUREMENTS COLLECTED FROM AN INSTRUMENTED VAN IN SALT LAKE CITY, UTAH AS PART OF URBAN 2000

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    M.J. BROWN; E.R. PARDYJAK

    2001-08-01

    Measurements of temperature and position were collected during the night from an instrumented van on routes through Salt Lake City and the rural outskirts. The measurements were taken as part of the Department of Energy Chemical and Biological National Security Program URBAN 2 Field Experiment conducted in October 2000 (Shinn et al., 2000 and Allwine et al., 2001a). The instrumented van was driven over three primary routes, two including downtown, residential, and ''rural'' areas and a third that went by a line of permanently fixed temperature probes (Allwine et al., 2001b) for cross-checking purposes. Each route took from 45 to 60 minutes to complete. Based on four nights of data, initial analyses indicate that there was a temperature difference of 2-5 C between the urban core and nearby ''rural'' areas. Analyses also suggest that there were significant fine scale temperature differences over distances of tens of meters within the city and in the nearby rural areas. The temperature measurements that were collected are intended to supplement the meteorological measurements taken during the URBAN2000 Field Experiment, to assess the importance of the urban heat island phenomenon in Salt Lake City, and to test the urban canopy parameterizations that have been developed for regional scale meteorological codes as part of the DOE CBNP program.

  2. March SS: A Test for All Static Simple RAM Faults Said Hamdioui1 2 Ad J. van de Goor2 Mike Rodgers1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    acceptable lim- its, is therefore essential. The quality of the used tests, in terms of their fault coverage to define static, simple FFMs. Section 4 introduces a new test, March SS, and compares it with the wellMarch SS: A Test for All Static Simple RAM Faults Said Hamdioui1 2 Ad J. van de Goor2 Mike Rodgers1

  3. tijdschrift van de ku leuven 19 december 2012 | nr 4 | 24ste ja argang | w w w.kuleuven.be/ck / verschijnt maandelijks,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davis, Jesse

    worden." ine van houdenhove "Sommige jaren haalt in bepaal- de regio's in Liberia geen enkel meisje een a whole community. En Liberia heeft vrouwelijke leiders nodig. We must walk alongside men." De Liberiaanse voor een fonds om jonge vrouwen uit de door conflict ge- teisterde West-Afrikaanse regio ­ Liberia

  4. OIL & UPML: A Unifying Framework for the Knowledge Web D. Fensel1, M. Crubezy2, F. van Harmelen1,3, and I. Horrocks4

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Harmelen, Frank

    OIL & UPML: A Unifying Framework for the Knowledge Web D. Fensel1, M. Crubezy2, F. van Harmelen1. First, we discuss the Ontology Inference Layer (OIL) that is being proposed as a description language of these approaches. We achieve this comparison by discussing several ways of combining OIL and UPML. We assess

  5. Low-temperature specific heat of rare-earth-doped silicate glasses D. A. van de Straat, J. Baak, and H. B. Brom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schmidt, Thomas

    Low-temperature specific heat of rare-earth-doped silicate glasses D. A. van de Straat, J. Baak, The Netherlands Received 31 July 1995 The specific heat Cv of Pr3 - and Eu3 -doped silicate glasses has been for the two-level-system TLS contribution to the specific heat, Cv TLS . The values of Cv TLS and noticeably

  6. A review of "Van Dyck: A Complete Catalogue of the Paintings." by Susan J. Barnes, Nora De Poorter, Oliver Millar, Horst Vey, eds. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maureen E. Mulvihill

    2006-01-01

    This study develops an approach to developing surface shading for computer-generated 3D head models that adapts aesthetics from the post-impressionist portrait painting style of Vincent Van Gogh. This research is an attempt to reconcile a 2D...

  7. ANISOTROPIC THERMAL CONDUCTIVITY IN A DIRTY TYPE II SUPERCONDUCTOR J.P.M. Van der Veeken, P.H. Kes and D. de Klerk

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    ANISOTROPIC THERMAL CONDUCTIVITY IN A DIRTY TYPE II SUPERCONDUCTOR J.P.M. Van der Veeken, P.H. Kes, The results are compared with calculations by Watts - Tobin and Imai. For dirty type II superconductors) of the total conductivities. ii) The theoretical calculations are valid only for BCS - superconductors

  8. Analyzing Displacement Term's Memory Effect in a van der Pol Type Boundary Condition to Prove Chaotic Vibration of the Wave Equation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hsu, Sze-Bi

    Chaotic Vibration of the Wave Equation Goong Chen Department of Mathematics, Texas A&M University College it is now known that chaotic vibration occurs. However, if the right-end van der Pol boundary condition technical difficulty arises as to how to define and determine chaotic vibration of the system. In this paper

  9. Automatische stress tests voor software code werken uitstekend Hoe bepaal ik de kwaliteit van een stuk software? Net zoals bij banken, willen we software

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al Hanbali, Ahmad

    Automatische stress tests voor software code werken uitstekend Hoe bepaal ik de kwaliteit van een stuk software? Net zoals bij banken, willen we software aan een stress test onderwerpen, en een rating Universiteit Twente en het software bedrijf Info Support uit Veenendaal laat zien dat dit volledig automatisch

  10. OIL & UPML: A Unifying Framework for the Knowledge Web D. Fensel1, M. Crubezy2, F. van Harmelen1, and M. I. Horrocks3,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Murawski, Andrzej

    .42 1.43 1.44 OIL & UPML: A Unifying Framework for the Knowledge Web D. Fensel1, M. Crubezy2, F. van,frankh}@cs.vu.nl 2 Knowledge Modeling Group at Stanford Medical Informatics, Stanford University USA, crubezy. First, we discuss OIL that is proposed as description language for ontology interchange. That is

  11. Characterization of a geothermal system in the Upper Arkansas Valley, CO Thomas Blum*, Kasper van Wijk and Lee Liberty, Boise State University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Characterization of a geothermal system in the Upper Arkansas Valley, CO Thomas Blum*, Kasper van a geothermal system in the Mt. Princeton area. We conclude that a shallow orthogonal fault system in this area appears to be responsible for the local geothermal signature at and near the surface. The extent to which

  12. Department of Spanish and Portuguese University of Wisconsin--Madison 1018 Van Hise Hall -1220 Linden Drive Madison, WI 53706-1557

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wisconsin at Madison, University of

    Department of Spanish and Portuguese University of Wisconsin--Madison 1018 Van Hise Hall - 1220 the Chair Rethinking the mission of the Department Like many departments of Spanish and Portuguese, cultural and linguistic dimensions Spanish has achieved in this country in the last thirty years

  13. OIL in a Nutshell D. Fensel1, I. Horrocks2, F. Van Harmelen1,3, S. Decker4, M. Erdmann4, and M. Klein1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Murawski, Andrzej

    OIL in a Nutshell D. Fensel1, I. Horrocks2, F. Van Harmelen1,3, S. Decker4, M. Erdmann4, and M is precisely concerned with this necessity. We will present OIL, which is a proposal for such a standard for expressing ontologies. The paper sketches the main ideas of OIL. 1. Introduction Currently, we

  14. Effective Approaches for Partial Satisfaction (Over-Subscription) Planning Menkes van den Briel, Romeo Sanchez, Minh B. Do, and Subbarao Kambhampati

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kambhampati, Subbarao

    on modeling and han- dling plan quality (in terms of action costs and goal utilities). Despite the ubiquityEffective Approaches for Partial Satisfaction (Over-Subscription) Planning Menkes van den Briel real world planning scenarios, agents often do not have enough resources to achieve all of their goals

  15. A Process-Theoretic Approach to Supervisory Control Theory J.C.M. Baeten, D.A. van Beek, B. Luttik, J. Markovski, and J.E. Rooda

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Luttik, Bas

    A Process-Theoretic Approach to Supervisory Control Theory J.C.M. Baeten, D.A. van Beek, B. Luttik in supervisory control theory from process-theoretic perspective. To this end, we investigate partial software design gave rise to supervisory control theory of discrete-event systems [1], [2], where high

  16. Journal papers 1. F. Wols, J.L. Kloosterman, D. Lathouwers and T.H.J.J. van der Hagen, Core design and fuel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Vliet, Lucas J.

    in Accelerator-Driven Systems, Annals of Nuclear Energy (to be published). 6. Zoltan Perko, Danny Lathouwers, Jan, J.L. Kloosterman, D. Lathouwers and T.H.J.J. van der Hagen, Reactivity control system for a 100 MWth loop for experimental studies on system stability, International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer 54

  17. Calibration of the optical torque wrench Francesco Pedaci,1,2 Zhuangxiong Huang,1,2 Maarten van Oene,1 and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dekker, Nynke

    Calibration of the optical torque wrench Francesco Pedaci,1,2 Zhuangxiong Huang,1,2 Maarten van-first authors *n.h.dekker@tudelft.nl Abstract: The optical torque wrench is a laser trapping technique that expands the capability of standard optical tweezers to torque manipulation and measurement, using

  18. Modelling the Glass Press-Blow Process S.M.A. Allaart-Bruin, B.J. van der Linden, and R.M.M. Mattheij

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eindhoven, Technische Universiteit

    Modelling the Glass Press-Blow Process S.M.A. Allaart-Bruin, B.J. van der Linden, and R in the manufacturing of container glass is the blowing stage. At this stage a preform of hot glass is transferred. #12;Modelling the Glass Press-Blow Process 3 3 Re-initialisation of the level set function Two level

  19. FreezeFrac Improves the Productivity of Gas Shales S. Enayatpour, E. Van Oort, T. Patzek, University of Texas At Austin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patzek, Tadeusz W.

    SPE 166482 FreezeFrac Improves the Productivity of Gas Shales S. Enayatpour, E. Van Oort, T. Patzek to unconventional hydrocarbon reservers such as oil shales, gas shales, tight gas sands, coalbed methane, and gas; Keaney et al., 2004). Successful production of oil and gas from shales with nano-Darcy range permeability

  20. Eurographics Workshop on 3D Object Retrieval (2015), pp. 18 I. Pratikakis, M. Spagnuolo, T. Theoharis, L. Van Gool, and R. Veltkamp (Editors)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin, Ralph R.

    2015-01-01

    Retrieval (2015) #12;2 D. Pickup, X. Sun, P. L. Rosin, R. R. Martin, Z. Cheng / SHREC'15 Track. Theoharis, L. Van Gool, and R. Veltkamp (Editors) SHREC'15 Track: Canonical Forms for Non-Rigid 3D Shape Retrieval David Pickup1 , Xianfang Sun1 , Paul L. Rosin1 , Ralph R. Martin1 , Zhiquan Cheng2 , Sipin Nie3

  1. Eurographics Workshop on 3D Object Retrieval (2015) I. Pratikakis, M. Spagnuolo, T. Theoharis, L. Van Gool, and R. Veltkamp (Editors)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin, Ralph R.

    2015-01-01

    .20151063 #12;D. Pickup, X. Sun, P. L. Rosin, R. R. Martin, Z. Cheng / SHREC'15 Track:Canonical Forms. Van Gool, and R. Veltkamp (Editors) SHREC'15 Track: Canonical Forms for Non-Rigid 3D Shape Retrieval David Pickup1 , Xianfang Sun1 , Paul L. Rosin1 , Ralph R. Martin1 , Zhiquan Cheng2 , Sipin Nie3

  2. FALLING OF A VISCOUS JET ONTO A MOVING SURFACE A. HLOD, A.C.T. AARTS, A.A.F. VAN DE VEN, AND M.A. PELETIER

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eindhoven, Technische Universiteit

    FALLING OF A VISCOUS JET ONTO A MOVING SURFACE A. HLOD, A.C.T. AARTS, A.A.F. VAN DE VEN, AND M.A. PELETIER Abstract. We analyze the stationary flow of a jet of Newtonian fluid that is drawn by gravity onto observations. Key words. Viscous jet, moving surface, free boundary. AMS subject classifications. 76D25, 76D03

  3. The kinematics of the Zagros Mountains (Iran) D. HATZFELD1*, C. AUTHEMAYOU24, P. VAN DER BEEK5, O. BELLIER2,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hatzfeld, Denis

    The kinematics of the Zagros Mountains (Iran) D. HATZFELD1*, C. AUTHEMAYOU2­4, P. VAN DER BEEK5, O Survey of Iran, PO Box 13185-1494, Tehran, Iran 8 International Institute of Earthquake Engineering and Seismology, PO Box 19395/3913, Tehran, Iran 9 National Cartographic Center, PO Box 13185/1684, Tehran, Iran

  4. Single photon ionization of van der Waals clusters with a soft x-ray laser: ,,CO2...n and ,,CO2...n,,H2O...m

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rocca, Jorge J.

    Single photon ionization of van der Waals clusters with a soft x-ray laser: ,,CO2...n and ,,CO2...n 2006; published online 20 October 2006 Pure neutral CO2 n clusters and mixed CO2 n H2O m clustersV. The distribution of pure CO2 n clusters decreases roughly exponentially with increasing cluster size. During

  5. ReaxFF: A Reactive Force Field for Hydrocarbons Adri C. T. van Duin,,| Siddharth Dasgupta, Francois Lorant, and William A. Goddard III*,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhigilei, Leonid V.

    ReaxFF: A Reactive Force Field for Hydrocarbons Adri C. T. van Duin,,| Siddharth Dasgupta, Francois constant as Rij f 0. We report here the ReaxFF for hydrocarbons. The parameters were derived from quantum and geometry data for a number of stable hydrocarbon compounds. We find that the ReaxFF provides a good

  6. Van der Waals density functional study of the structural and electronic properties of La-doped phenanthrene

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yan, Xun-Wang [Beijing Computational Science Research Center, Beijing 100084 (China) [Beijing Computational Science Research Center, Beijing 100084 (China); Faculty of Physics and Electronic Technology, Hubei University, Wuhan 430062 (China); State Key Laboratory of Theoretical Physics, Institute of Theoretical Physics, Chinese Academy of Science, Beijing 100190, China and School of Physics and Electrical Engineering, Anyang Normal University, Henan 455000 (China); Huang, Zhongbing, E-mail: huangzb@hubu.edu.cn [Beijing Computational Science Research Center, Beijing 100084 (China) [Beijing Computational Science Research Center, Beijing 100084 (China); Faculty of Physics and Electronic Technology, Hubei University, Wuhan 430062 (China); Lin, Hai-Qing [Beijing Computational Science Research Center, Beijing 100084 (China)] [Beijing Computational Science Research Center, Beijing 100084 (China)

    2013-11-28

    By the first principle calculations based on the van der Waals density functional theory, we study the crystal structures and electronic properties of La-doped phenanthrene. Two stable atomic geometries of La{sub 1}phenanthrene are obtained by relaxation of atomic positions from various initial structures. The structure-I is a metal with two energy bands crossing the Fermi level, while the structure-II displays a semiconducting state with an energy gap of 0.15 eV, which has an energy gain of 0.42 eV per unit cell compared to the structure-I. The most striking feature of La{sub 1}phenanthrene is that La 5d electrons make a significant contribution to the total density of state around the Fermi level, which is distinct from potassium doped phenanthrene and picene. Our findings provide an important foundation for the understanding of superconductivity in La-doped phenanthrene.

  7. A van der Waals density functional study of adenine on graphene: Single molecular adsorption and overlayer binding

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Berland, Kristian [Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden; Cooper, Valentino R [ORNL; Langreth, David C. [Rutgers University; Schroder, Prof. Elsebeth [Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden; Chakarova-Kack, Svetla [Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden

    2011-01-01

    The adsorption of an adenine molecule on graphene is studied using a first-principles van der Waals functional (vdW-DF) [Dion et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 246401 (2004)]. The cohesive energy of an ordered adenine overlayer is also estimated. For the adsorption of a single molecule, we determine the optimal binding configuration and adsorption energy by translating and rotating the molecule. The adsorption energy for a single molecule of adenine is found to be 711 meV, which is close to the calculated adsorption energy of the similar-sized naphthalene. Based on the single molecular binding configuration, we estimate the cohesive energy of a two-dimensional ordered overlayer. We find a significantly stronger binding energy for the ordered overlayer than for single-molecule adsorption.

  8. A Systematic Study of Chloride Ion Solvation in Water using van der Waals Inclusive Hybrid Density Functional Theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bankura, Arindam; DiStasio, Robert A; Swartz, Charles W; Klein, Michael L; Wu, Xifan

    2015-01-01

    In this work, the solvation and electronic structure of the aqueous chloride ion solution was investigated using Density Functional Theory (DFT) based \\textit{ab initio} molecular dynamics (AIMD). From an analysis of radial distribution functions, coordination numbers, and solvation structures, we found that exact exchange ($E_{\\rm xx}$) and non-local van der Waals (vdW) interactions effectively \\textit{weaken} the interactions between the Cl$^-$ ion and the first solvation shell. With a Cl-O coordination number in excellent agreement with experiment, we found that most configurations generated with vdW-inclusive hybrid DFT exhibit 6-fold coordinated distorted trigonal prism structures, which is indicative of a significantly disordered first solvation shell. By performing a series of band structure calculations on configurations generated from AIMD simulations with varying DFT potentials, we found that the solvated ion orbital energy levels (unlike the band structure of liquid water) strongly depend on the un...

  9. Compact two-electron wave function for bond dissociation and Van der Waals interactions: A natural amplitude assessment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Giesbertz, Klaas J. H.; Leeuwen, Robert van

    2014-05-14

    Electron correlations in molecules can be divided in short range dynamical correlations, long range Van der Waals type interactions, and near degeneracy static correlations. In this work, we analyze for a one-dimensional model of a two-electron system how these three types of correlations can be incorporated in a simple wave function of restricted functional form consisting of an orbital product multiplied by a single correlation function f?(r{sub 12}) depending on the interelectronic distance r{sub 12}. Since the three types of correlations mentioned lead to different signatures in terms of the natural orbital (NO) amplitudes in two-electron systems, we make an analysis of the wave function in terms of the NO amplitudes for a model system of a diatomic molecule. In our numerical implementation, we fully optimize the orbitals and the correlation function on a spatial grid without restrictions on their functional form. Due to this particular form of the wave function, we can prove that none of the amplitudes vanishes and moreover that it displays a distinct sign pattern and a series of avoided crossings as a function of the bond distance in agreement with the exact solution. This shows that the wave function ansatz correctly incorporates the long range Van der Waals interactions. We further show that the approximate wave function gives an excellent binding curve and is able to describe static correlations. We show that in order to do this the correlation function f?(r{sub 12}) needs to diverge for large r{sub 12} at large internuclear distances while for shorter bond distances it increases as a function of r{sub 12} to a maximum value after which it decays exponentially. We further give a physical interpretation of this behavior.

  10. Copyright 2011 by the author(s). Published here under license by the Resilience Alliance. Van der Leeuw, S., R. Costanza, S. Aulenbach, S. Brewer, M. Burek, S. Cornell, C. Crumley, J. A.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vermont, University of

    Copyright © 2011 by the author(s). Published here under license by the Resilience Alliance. Van der dependent on a limited resource, global climate disruption, and the opening up of the Arctic to further oil

  11. The feasibility of obtaining very short pulsed beams in the energy range 300-600 keV from the 3 MeV pulsed Van de Graaff accelerator (I.B.I.S)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Porter, D R; Porter, D R no 1; Waring, S no 1

    1975-01-01

    The feasibility of obtaining very short pulsed beams in the energy range 300-600 keV from the 3 MeV pulsed Van de Graaff accelerator (I.B.I.S)

  12. A review of "Illustrated Religious Texts in the North of Europe, 1500-1800" edited by Feike Dietz, Adam Morton, Lien Roggen, Els Stronks, and Marc Van Vaeck 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Jennifer

    2015-01-01

    -century news to theory, or the social history of education, theatre, and culture in and around London. Feike Dietz, Adam Morton, Lien Roggen, Els Stronks, and Marc Van Vaeck, eds. Illustrated Religious Texts in the North of Europe, 1500–1800. Farnham, Surrey..., the contribu- tions by Walter Melion and Adam Morton treat larger format printed images that circulated independently. While the crossing of national boundaries is one theme of the volume, its strongest impulse is to analyze various ways images crossed...

  13. OIL in a Nutshell D. Fensel1, I. Horrocks2, F. Van Harmelen1,3, S. Decker4, M. Erdmann4, and M. Klein1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Harmelen, Frank

    OIL in a Nutshell D. Fensel1, I. Horrocks2, F. Van Harmelen1,3, S. Decker4, M. Erdmann4, and M will present OIL, which is a proposal for such a standard. It is based on existing proposals such as OKBC, XOL the main ideas of OIL. 1 Introduction Currently, we are on the brink of the second Web generation. The Web

  14. Al{sub 70}Pd{sub 21.5}Mn{sub 8.5}: A quasicrystal showing the de haas-van Alphen effect

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Haanappel, E.G. [National High Magnetic Field Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM (United States). Pulsed Field Facility; Kycia, S.W.; Harmon, B.N.; Canfield, P.C.; Goldman, A.I. [Iowa State Univ., Ames, IA (United States). Ames Lab.; Rabson, D.A.; Thompson, J.D.; Mueller, F.M. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States)

    1995-07-01

    We have measured the de Haas-van Alphen effect in the icosahedral quasicrystal Al{sub 70}Pd{sub 21.5}Mn{sub 8.5}. We have found two well-defined frequencies with the magnetic field parallel to a five-fold axis, and two different ones with the field parallel to a two-fold axis. On increasing the temperature, the amplitude of the oscillations substantially decreased, suggesting that the carriers have large masses.

  15. Thin-film growth of the charge-density-wave oxide Rb0.30MoO3 H. S. J. van der Zant,a)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thin-film growth of the charge-density-wave oxide Rb0.30MoO3 H. S. J. van der Zant,a) O. C. Mantel 29 April 1996 We report on the thin-film fabrication of a charge-density wave CDW compound. Single-phase epitaxial films of the model CDW oxide Rb0.30MoO3 have been grown by pulsed-laser deposition. Detailed

  16. Eurographics Workshop on 3D Object Retrieval (2015) I. Pratikakis, M. Spagnuolo, T. Theoharis, L. Van Gool, and R. Veltkamp (Editors)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin, Ralph R.

    2015-01-01

    . Van Gool, and R. Veltkamp (Editors) SHREC'15 Track: Non-rigid 3D Shape Retrieval Z. Lian1 , J. Zhang1. Pevzner4 , D. Pickup11 , P. Rosin11 , A. Sharf4 L. Sun8 , X. Sun11 , S. Tari13 , G. Unal7 , R.C. Wilson10- sion, pattern recognition, etc. In this paper, we present the results of the SHREC'15 Track: Non

  17. Betty Van Dyke: The Van Dyke Ranch

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rabkin, Sarah

    2010-01-01

    but we were certified the third year that the CCOF was in. AI’ve belonged to CCOF since the third year. The Ecologicalhappens at [Asilomar]—the third year they had it I think we

  18. Betty Van Dyke: The Van Dyke Ranch

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rabkin, Sarah

    2010-01-01

    Yugoslavia, from what is now Croatia. My grandfather came inmy father grew up in Croatia and he was in charge of feedingout how they harvested in Croatia, because I knew that every

  19. van der Waals density functionals built upon the electron-gas tradition: Facing the challenge of competing interactions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Berland, Kristian [Microtechnology and Nanoscience, MC2, Chalmers University of Technology, SE-412 96 Göteborg (Sweden) [Microtechnology and Nanoscience, MC2, Chalmers University of Technology, SE-412 96 Göteborg (Sweden); Molecular Foundry, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States); Arter, Calvin A.; Thonhauser, T. [Department of Physics, Wake Forest University, Winston-Salem, North Carolina 27109 (United States)] [Department of Physics, Wake Forest University, Winston-Salem, North Carolina 27109 (United States); Cooper, Valentino R. [Materials Science and Technology Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831-6114 (United States)] [Materials Science and Technology Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831-6114 (United States); Lee, Kyuho [Molecular Foundry, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States) [Molecular Foundry, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States); Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States); Lundqvist, Bengt I. [Department of Applied Physics, Chalmers University of Technology, SE-412 96 Göteborg (Sweden)] [Department of Applied Physics, Chalmers University of Technology, SE-412 96 Göteborg (Sweden); Schröder, Elsebeth; Hyldgaard, Per [Microtechnology and Nanoscience, MC2, Chalmers University of Technology, SE-412 96 Göteborg (Sweden)] [Microtechnology and Nanoscience, MC2, Chalmers University of Technology, SE-412 96 Göteborg (Sweden)

    2014-05-14

    The theoretical description of sparse matter attracts much interest, in particular for those ground-state properties that can be described by density functional theory. One proposed approach, the van der Waals density functional (vdW-DF) method, rests on strong physical foundations and offers simple yet accurate and robust functionals. A very recent functional within this method called vdW-DF-cx [K. Berland and P. Hyldgaard, Phys. Rev. B 89, 035412 (2014)] stands out in its attempt to use an exchange energy derived from the same plasmon-based theory from which the nonlocal correlation energy was derived. Encouraged by its good performance for solids, layered materials, and aromatic molecules, we apply it to several systems that are characterized by competing interactions. These include the ferroelectric response in PbTiO{sub 3}, the adsorption of small molecules within metal-organic frameworks, the graphite/diamond phase transition, and the adsorption of an aromatic-molecule on the Ag(111) surface. Our results indicate that vdW-DF-cx is overall well suited to tackle these challenging systems. In addition to being a competitive density functional for sparse matter, the vdW-DF-cx construction presents a more robust general-purpose functional that could be applied to a range of materials problems with a variety of competing interactions.

  20. van der Waals density functionals built upon the electron-gas tradition: Facing the challenge of competing interactions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Berland, Kristian [Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden] [Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden; Arter, Calvin A [Wake Forest University, Winston-Salem] [Wake Forest University, Winston-Salem; Cooper, Valentino R [ORNL] [ORNL; Lee, Dr. Kyuho [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL)] [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL); Lundqvist, Prof. Bengt I. [Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden] [Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden; Schroder, Prof. Elsebeth [Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden] [Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden; Thonhauser, Prof. Timo [Wake Forest University, Winston-Salem] [Wake Forest University, Winston-Salem; Hyldgaard, Per [Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden] [Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden

    2014-01-01

    The theoretical description of sparse matter attracts much interest, in particular for those groundstate properties that can be described by density functional theory (DFT). One proposed approach, the van der Waals density functional (vdW-DF) method, rests on strong physical foundations and offers simple yet accurate and robust functionals. A very recent functional within this method called vdW-DF-cx [K. Berland and P. Hyldgaard, Phys. Rev. B, in print] stands out in its attempt to use an exchange energy derived from the same plasmon-based theory from which the nonlocal correlation energy was derived. Encouraged by its good performance for solids, layered materials, and aromatic molecules, we apply it to several systems that are characterized by competing interactions. These include the ferroelectric response in PbTiO3, the adsorption of small molecules within metal-organic frameworks (MOFs), the graphite/diamond phase transition, and the adsorption of an aromaticmolecule on the Ag(111) surface. Our results indicate that vdW-DF-cx is overall well suited to tackle these challenging systems. In addition to being a competitive density functional for sparse matter, the vdW-DF-cx construction presents a more robust general purpose functional that could be applied to a range of materials problems with a variety of competing interactions.

  1. A Systematic Study of Chloride Ion Solvation in Water using van der Waals Inclusive Hybrid Density Functional Theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arindam Bankura; Biswajit Santra; Robert A. DiStasio Jr.; Charles W. Swartz; Michael L. Klein; Xifan Wu

    2015-03-25

    In this work, the solvation and electronic structure of the aqueous chloride ion solution was investigated using Density Functional Theory (DFT) based \\textit{ab initio} molecular dynamics (AIMD). From an analysis of radial distribution functions, coordination numbers, and solvation structures, we found that exact exchange ($E_{\\rm xx}$) and non-local van der Waals (vdW) interactions effectively \\textit{weaken} the interactions between the Cl$^-$ ion and the first solvation shell. With a Cl-O coordination number in excellent agreement with experiment, we found that most configurations generated with vdW-inclusive hybrid DFT exhibit 6-fold coordinated distorted trigonal prism structures, which is indicative of a significantly disordered first solvation shell. By performing a series of band structure calculations on configurations generated from AIMD simulations with varying DFT potentials, we found that the solvated ion orbital energy levels (unlike the band structure of liquid water) strongly depend on the underlying molecular structures. In addition, these orbital energy levels were also significantly affected by the DFT functional employed for the electronic structure; as the fraction of $E_{\\rm xx}$ was increased, the gap between the highest occupied molecular orbital of Cl$^-$ and the valence band maximum of liquid water steadily increased towards the experimental value.

  2. Near-earth injection of MeV electrons associated with intense dipolarization electric fields: Van Allen Probes observations

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Dai, Lei; Wang, Chi; Duan, Suping; He, Zhaohai; Wygant, John R.; Cattell, Cynthia A.; Tao, Xin; Su, Zhenpeng; Kletzing, Craig; Baker, Daniel N.; et al

    2015-08-10

    Substorms generally inject tens to hundreds of keV electrons, but intense substorm electric fields have been shown to inject MeV electrons as well. An intriguing question is whether such MeV electron injections can populate the outer radiation belt. Here we present observations of a substorm injection of MeV electrons into the inner magnetosphere. In the premidnight sector at L~5.5, Van Allen Probes (Radiation Belt Storm Probes)-A observed a large dipolarization electric field (50 mV/m) over ~40 s and a dispersionless injection of electrons up to ~3 MeV. Pitch angle observations indicated betatron acceleration of MeV electrons at the dipolarization front.more »Corresponding signals of MeV electron injection were observed at LANL-GEO, THEMIS-D, and GOES at geosynchronous altitude. Through a series of dipolarizations, the injections increased the MeV electron phase space density by 1 order of magnitude in less than 3 h in the outer radiation belt (L > 4.8). Our observations provide evidence that deep injections can supply significant MeV electrons.« less

  3. Whistler anisotropy instabilities as the source of banded chorus: Van Allen Probes observations and particle-in-cell simulations

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Fu, Xiangrong; Cowee, Misa M.; Friedel, Reinhard H.; Funsten, Herbert O.; Gary, S. Peter; Hospodarsky, George B.; Kletzing, Craig; Kurth, William; Larsen, Brian A.; Liu, Kaijun; et al

    2014-10-22

    Magnetospheric banded chorus is enhanced whistler waves with frequencies ?r e, where ?e is the electron cyclotron frequency, and a characteristic spectral gap at ?r ? ?e/2. This paper uses spacecraft observations and two-dimensional particle-in-cell simulations in a magnetized, homogeneous, collisionless plasma to test the hypothesis that banded chorus is due to local linear growth of two branches of the whistler anisotropy instability excited by two distinct, anisotropic electron components of significantly different temperatures. The electron densities and temperatures are derived from Helium, Oxygen, Proton, and Electron instrument measurements on the Van Allen Probes A satellite during a bandedmore »chorus event on 1 November 2012. The observations are consistent with a three-component electron model consisting of a cold (a few tens of eV) population, a warm (a few hundred eV) anisotropic population, and a hot (a few keV) anisotropic population. The simulations use plasma and field parameters as measured from the satellite during this event except for two numbers: the anisotropies of the warm and the hot electron components are enhanced over the measured values in order to obtain relatively rapid instability growth. The simulations show that the warm component drives the quasi-electrostatic upper band chorus and that the hot component drives the electromagnetic lower band chorus; the gap at ~?e/2 is a natural consequence of the growth of two whistler modes with different properties.« less

  4. Fleet Services Fleet Services Facility

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beex, A. A. "Louis"

    · 287 rental vehicles: economy, hybrid, standard and large cars, mini and 12 passenger and cargo vans, pickup trucks, buses, and police cars. · 2 buses with drivers: 20 passenger and 44passenger · 10

  5. Whistler anisotropy instabilities as the source of banded chorus: Van Allen Probes observations and particle-in-cell simulations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fu, Xiangrong [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States); Cowee, Misa M. [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States); Friedel, Reinhard H. [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States); Funsten, Herbert O. [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States); Gary, S. Peter [Space Science Institute, Boulder, CO (United States); Hospodarsky, George B. [Univ. of Iowa, Iowa City, IA (United States). Dept. of Physics and Astronomy.; Kletzing, Craig [Univ. of Iowa, Iowa City, IA (United States). Dept. of Physics and Astronomy.; Kurth, William [Univ. of Iowa, Iowa City, IA (United States). Dept. of Physics and Astronomy.; Larsen, Brian A. [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States); Liu, Kaijun [Auburn Univ., Auburn, AL (United States). Dept. of Physics.; MacDonald, Elizabeth A. [NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD (United States); Min, Kyungguk [Auburn Univ., Auburn, AL (United States). Dept. of Physics.; Reeves, Geoffrey D. [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States); Skoug, Ruth M. [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States); Winske, Dan [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)

    2014-10-22

    Magnetospheric banded chorus is enhanced whistler waves with frequencies ?r < ?e, where ?e is the electron cyclotron frequency, and a characteristic spectral gap at ?r ? ?e/2. This paper uses spacecraft observations and two-dimensional particle-in-cell simulations in a magnetized, homogeneous, collisionless plasma to test the hypothesis that banded chorus is due to local linear growth of two branches of the whistler anisotropy instability excited by two distinct, anisotropic electron components of significantly different temperatures. The electron densities and temperatures are derived from Helium, Oxygen, Proton, and Electron instrument measurements on the Van Allen Probes A satellite during a banded chorus event on 1 November 2012. The observations are consistent with a three-component electron model consisting of a cold (a few tens of eV) population, a warm (a few hundred eV) anisotropic population, and a hot (a few keV) anisotropic population. The simulations use plasma and field parameters as measured from the satellite during this event except for two numbers: the anisotropies of the warm and the hot electron components are enhanced over the measured values in order to obtain relatively rapid instability growth. The simulations show that the warm component drives the quasi-electrostatic upper band chorus and that the hot component drives the electromagnetic lower band chorus; the gap at ~?e/2 is a natural consequence of the growth of two whistler modes with different properties.

  6. Van der Waals Epitaxial Growth of Single-Crystal Two-Dimensional GaSe on Graphene

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Li, Xufan; Basile, Leonardo; Huang, Bing; Ma, Cheng; Lee, Jaekwang; Vlassiouk, Ivan V.; Puretzky, Alexander A.; Lin, Ming-Wei; Chi, Miaofang; Idrobo Tapia, Juan Carlos; et al

    2015-07-22

    Two-dimensional (2D) van der Waals (vdW) heterostructures are a family of artificially-structured materials that promise tunable optoelectronic properties for devices with enhanced functionalities. Compared to stamping, direct epitaxy of vdW heterostructures is ideal for clean interlayer interfaces and scalable device fabrication. Here, we explore the synthesis and preferred orientations of 2D GaSe atomic layers on graphene (Gr) by vdW epitaxy. Guided by the wrinkles on graphene, GaSe nuclei form that share a predominant lattice orientation. Due to vdW epitaxial growth many nuclei grow as perfectly aligned crystals and coalesce to form large (tens of microns), single-crystal flakes. Through theoretical investigationsmore »of interlayer energetics, and measurements of preferred orientations by atomic-resolution STEM and electron diffraction, a 10.9 interlayer rotation of the GaSe lattice with respect to the underlying graphene is found to be the most energetically preferred vdW heterostructure with the largest binding energy and the longest-range ordering. These GaSe/Gr vdW heterostructures exhibit an enhanced Raman E21g band of monolayer GaSe along with highly-quenched photoluminescence due to strong charge transfer. Despite the very large lattice mismatch of GaSe/Gr through vdW epitaxy, the predominant orientation control and convergent formation of large single-crystal flakes demonstrated here is promising for the scalable synthesis of large-area vdW heterostructures for the development of new optical and optoelectronic devices.« less

  7. Van der Waals epitaxial growth of two-dimensional single-crystalline GaSe domains on graphene

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Li, Xufan; Basile, Leonardo; Huang, Bing; Ma, Cheng; Lee, Jaekwang; Vlassiouk, Ivan V.; Puretzky, Alexander A.; Lin, Ming -Wei; Chi, Miaofang; Idrobo Tapia, Juan Carlos; et al

    2015-07-22

    Two-dimensional (2D) van der Waals (vdW) heterostructures are a family of artificially-structured materials that promise tunable optoelectronic properties for devices with enhanced functionalities. Compared to stamping, direct epitaxy of vdW heterostructures is ideal for clean interlayer interfaces and scalable device fabrication. Here, we explore the synthesis and preferred orientations of 2D GaSe atomic layers on graphene (Gr) by vdW epitaxy. Guided by the wrinkles on graphene, GaSe nuclei form that share a predominant lattice orientation. Due to vdW epitaxial growth many nuclei grow as perfectly aligned crystals and coalesce to form large (tens of microns), single-crystal flakes. Through theoretical investigationsmore »of interlayer energetics, and measurements of preferred orientations by atomic-resolution STEM and electron diffraction, a 10.9 interlayer rotation of the GaSe lattice with respect to the underlying graphene is found to be the most energetically preferred vdW heterostructure with the largest binding energy and the longest-range ordering. These GaSe/Gr vdW heterostructures exhibit an enhanced Raman E21g band of monolayer GaSe along with highly-quenched photoluminescence due to strong charge transfer. Despite the very large lattice mismatch of GaSe/Gr through vdW epitaxy, the predominant orientation control and convergent formation of large single-crystal flakes demonstrated here is promising for the scalable synthesis of large-area vdW heterostructures for the development of new optical and optoelectronic devices.« less

  8. Paratransit in Southeast Asia: A Market Response to Poor Roads?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cervero, Robert

    1992-01-01

    conventional) Buses (double decker) Minibus, Mikrolet BemoBuses (conventional) Buses (Double Decker) Vehicle Capacity*by conventional and double- decker buses, it scores low with

  9. Ensemble of Exemplar-SVMs for Object Detection and Beyond Tomasz Malisiewicz

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gupta, Abhinav

    of deeper reasoning about the scene. How is the bus oriented? Is it a mini-bus or a double-decker? Which pix

  10. Is there a Difference in Van Der Waals Interactions between Rare Gas Atoms Adsorbed on Metallic and Semiconducting Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chen, De-Li; Mandeltort, Lynn; Saidi, Wissam A.; Yates, John T Jr, Cole, Milton W Johnson,J Karl

    2013-03-26

    Differences in polarizabilities of metallic (M) and semiconducting (S) single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) might give rise to differences in adsorption potentials. We show from experiments and van der Waals-corrected density functional theory (DFT) that binding energies of Xe adsorbed on M- and S-SWNTs are nearly identical. Temperature programmed desorption of Xe on purified M- and S-SWNTs give similar peak temperatures, indicating that desorption kinetics and binding energies are independent of the type of SWNT. Binding energies computed from vdW-corrected DFT are in good agreement with experiments.

  11. C{sub 6}H{sub 6}/Au(111): Interface dipoles, band alignment, charging energy, and van der Waals interaction

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Abad, E.; Martinez, J. I.; Flores, F.; Ortega, J.; Dappe, Y. J.

    2011-01-28

    We analyze the benzene/Au(111) interface taking into account charging energy effects to properly describe the electronic structure of the interface and van der Waals interactions to obtain the adsorption energy and geometry. We also analyze the interface dipoles and discuss the barrier formation as a function of the metal work-function. We interpret our DFT calculations within the induced density of interface states (IDIS) model. Our results compare well with experimental and other theoretical results, showing that the dipole formation of these interfaces is due to the charge transfer between the metal and benzene, as described in the IDIS model.

  12. A review of "Profit and Principle. Hugo Grotius, Natural Rights Theories and the Rise of Dutch Power in the East Indies (1595-1615)" by Martine Julia van Ittersum 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Basista, Jakub

    2008-01-01

    , Boston: Brill, 2006. lxx + 538 pp. Includes b&w illustrations and 8 maps. $199.00. Review by Ja k u b ba s i s t a , Ja g i e l l o n i a n un i v e r s i t y , kr a k ? w . On the 25 th of February 1603, Jacob van Heemskerck?s small Dutch fleet... stream_source_info Martine Julia van Ittersum.pdf.txt stream_content_type text/plain stream_size 7014 Content-Encoding ISO-8859-1 stream_name Martine Julia van Ittersum.pdf.txt Content-Type text/plain; charset=ISO-8859...

  13. Nuclear Cargo Detector - Energy Innovation Portal

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMass map shinesSolarNewsusceptometer under pressure |Cafés November 12,|NuT NuT NuT

  14. Julie Crenshaw Van Fleet

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    in any of the emitted pollutants, harm to health, or a nuisance that causes people to cough? During December of 2006 the PRGS did operate at full capacity due to a PEPCO repair....

  15. Van Horn folio, Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richardson, G. B. (George Burr), 1872-1949.

    1914-01-01

    7 acres, 2009 ? City purchased 23 acres, 2010 ? Demolition began in Sept. 2011 ? Sun Metro will begin construction of the Northgate Transfer Center, 2012 ? Dover Kohl TOD report pending approval in 2011 ? RFI for public/private partnership...

  16. Bruno Van Wonterghem

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    FAQs Visit Us Science Stockpile Stewardship National Security National Competitiveness Fusion and Ignition Experiments Fast Ignition Energy for the Future How to Make a Star How...

  17. Bruno Van Wonterghem

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room News PublicationsAudits &Bradbury Science Museum -Brooklin Gore About--

  18. Julie Crenshaw Van Fleet

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousMathematicsEnergyInterested Parties - WAPA Public CommentInverted Attic9: JohnofReactoronJoyceJulie

  19. CODEJoin Associate Professor of Computer Science Frances Van Scoy at 2:30 p.m., Wednesday, December 11 in G-1, Martin Hall, for "Programming in Processing in 50 Minutes." NO BACK-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohaghegh, Shahab

    HOUR OF CODEJoin Associate Professor of Computer Science Frances Van Scoy at 2:30 p.m., Wednesday PROGRAMING OR COLLEGE MATH REQUIRED. In one hour, participants will be able to write programs in the Processing programming language and generate simple animations. WANT TO WRITE AN APP? HAVE YOU THOUGHT ABOUT

  20. The eld dependence of the transverse spin freezing transition D.H. Ryan 1 , J. van Lierop 1 , M.E. Pumarol 1 , M. Roseman 1 and J.M. Cadogan 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ryan, Dominic

    The #12;eld dependence of the transverse spin freezing transition D.H. Ryan 1 , J. van Lierop 1 , M, The University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW 2052, Australia (March 16, 2001) Transverse spin freezing in a Fe.5 Tesla. The uctuations associated with freezing of the transverse spin components are con#12;rmed

  1. A zero-eld examination of transverse spin freezing (Invited) D.H. Ryan 1 , J. van Lierop 1 , M.E. Pumarol 1 , M. Roseman 1 and J.M. Cadogan 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ryan, Dominic

    A zero-#12;eld examination of transverse spin freezing (Invited) D.H. Ryan 1 , J. van Lierop 1 , M used to study transverse spin freezing in a FexZr100 x and a Fe90 xRuxZr10 . The derived phase diagrams frustration leaves only the spin-glass. Transverse spin freezing is observed in a wide variety of experimental

  2. Please cite this article in press as: van Wijk BCM, et al. Parametric estimation of cross-frequency coupling. J Neurosci Methods (2015), http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jneumeth.2015.01.032

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Penny, Will

    2015-01-01

    . · The GLM offers a good trade-off between computation time and statistical power. · Other predictors Keywords: Nested oscillations Beta band Deep brain stimulation (DBS) Magnetoencephalography (MEG) Power.C.M. van Wijk). looking at the spectral power of signals originating from single brain regions

  3. Direct, Non-Destructive Observation of a Bose Condensate M.R. Andrews, M.-O. Mewes, N.J. van Druten, D.S. Durfee, D.M. Kurn, and W. Ketterle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Direct, Non-Destructive Observation of a Bose Condensate M.R. Andrews, M.-O. Mewes, N.J. van Druten condensate is reported. The separation between condensed and normal components was observed inside a magnetic of the same condensate can be taken. Furthermore, the width of the angular distribution of scattered light

  4. 8/19/2015 OEM_AndroidUserExperience https://van-cloudpath.vancouver.wsu.edu/admin/documentation/UserExperience/Android/OEM_AndroidUserExperience.htm 1/35

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    8/19/2015 OEM_AndroidUserExperience https://van-cloudpath.vancouver.wsu.edu/admin/documentation/UserExperience/Android/OEM_AndroidUserExperience.htm 1/35 EndUser Experience for Android Operating Systems This document contains the following sections: Enrollment System User Experience Enrollment Wizard User Experience Common Android Issues

  5. 08-02-15 20:04MR: Author Citations for Johan Antoon Casper Kolk Pagina 1 van 2http://www.ams.org.proxy.library.uu.nl/mathscinet/mrcit/individual.html?mrauthid=104270

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kolk, Johan A.C.

    08-02-15 20:04MR: Author Citations for Johan Antoon Casper Kolk Pagina 1 van 2http://www.ams.org.proxy.library times by 363 authors in the MR Citation Database Most Cited Publications Citations Publication 164 MR0707179 (85e:58150) Duistermaat, J. J.; Kolk, J. A. C.; Varadarajan, V. S. Functions, flows

  6. JOURNAL DE PHYSIQUE Colloque C5, supplkment au no 5, Tome 40, Mai 1979,page C5-71 The de Haas-van Alphen effect and the Fermi surfaces of rare earth metals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    -van Alphen effect and the Fermi surfaces of rare earth metals R. C . Young Department of Physics, University (some transition metals, rare earths, inter- metallic compounds) it is difficult to achieve an & of even been achieved for Fermi surface investigation of rare earth metals. Substantial dHvA results have now

  7. Page 320 Courses: Geology (GEOL) Sonoma State University 2010-2011 Catalog GeOl 303 AdVAnCed prinCipleS Of GeOlOGy (4)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ravikumar, B.

    Page 320 Courses: Geology (GEOL) Sonoma State University 2010-2011 Catalog GeOl 303 AdVAnCed prinCipleS Of GeOlOGy (4) Lecture, 3 hours; laboratory, 3 hours. Advanced treatment of the principles, meth- ods and tools of geology emphasizing the materials that constitute the earth and the processes that act or have

  8. VOLUME 80, NUMBER 19 P HY S I CA L REV I EW L E T T ER S 11 MAY 1998 van der Waals Energies in Density Functional Theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meir, Yigal

    yields the correct ground­state densities and energies of elec­ tronic systems under the action tool for calculating ground­state energies and density distributions of atoms, molecules, and solidsVOLUME 80, NUMBER 19 P HY S I CA L REV I EW L E T T ER S 11 MAY 1998 van der Waals Energies

  9. VOLUME 80, NUMBER 19 P H Y S I C A L R E V I E W L E T T E R S 11 MAY 1998 van der Waals Energies in Density Functional Theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meir, Yigal

    yields the correct ground-state densities and energies of elec- tronic systems under the action tool for calculating ground-state energies and density distributions of atoms, molecules, and solidsVOLUME 80, NUMBER 19 P H Y S I C A L R E V I E W L E T T E R S 11 MAY 1998 van der Waals Energies

  10. Comparative computational study of lithium and sodium insertion in van der Waals and covalent tetracyanoethylene (TCNE) -based crystals as promising materials for organic lithium and sodium ion batteries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Yingqian

    2015-01-01

    We present a comparative ab initio study of Li and Na insertion in molecular (van der Waals) crystals of TCNE (tetracyanoethylene) as well as in covalent Li/Na-TCNE crystals. We confirm the structure of previously synthesized (covalent) Li-TCNE crystal as well as predict the existence of its Na-TCNE analogue. In the molecular/covalent TCNE crystals, insertion sites are identified with the binding energy of Li and Na up to 2.7/1.8 and 2.6/1.8 eV stronger than Li and Na cohesive energy, respectively, in dilute concentrations. Up to 5.5/2.5 and 3/2 Li and Na atoms per TCNE unit can be inserted in the molecular/covalent crystals, respectively, while preserving the structure, with maximum voltages, respectively, 3.5/2.2 and 3.3/2.7 V. Significantly, up to capacity of 418 mAh g-1 for both Li and Na in the molecular crystal and 198 mAh g-1 for Li and 177 mAh g-1 for Na in the covalent crystal, the insertion of Li and Na would not lead to reactions with common electrolytes. Tetracyanoethylene-based molecular and cova...

  11. Including screening in van der Waals corrected density functional theory calculations: The case of atoms and small molecules physisorbed on graphene

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Silvestrelli, Pier Luigi; Ambrosetti, Alberto

    2014-03-28

    The Density Functional Theory (DFT)/van der Waals-Quantum Harmonic Oscillator-Wannier function (vdW-QHO-WF) method, recently developed to include the vdW interactions in approximated DFT by combining the quantum harmonic oscillator model with the maximally localized Wannier function technique, is applied to the cases of atoms and small molecules (X=Ar, CO, H{sub 2}, H{sub 2}O) weakly interacting with benzene and with the ideal planar graphene surface. Comparison is also presented with the results obtained by other DFT vdW-corrected schemes, including PBE+D, vdW-DF, vdW-DF2, rVV10, and by the simpler Local Density Approximation (LDA) and semilocal generalized gradient approximation approaches. While for the X-benzene systems all the considered vdW-corrected schemes perform reasonably well, it turns out that an accurate description of the X-graphene interaction requires a proper treatment of many-body contributions and of short-range screening effects, as demonstrated by adopting an improved version of the DFT/vdW-QHO-WF method. We also comment on the widespread attitude of relying on LDA to get a rough description of weakly interacting systems.

  12. On the Accuracy of van der Waals Inclusive Density-Functional Theory Exchange-Correlation Functionals for Ice at Ambient and High Pressures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Biswajit Santra; Ji?í Klimeš; Alexandre Tkatchenko; Dario Alfè; Ben Slater; Angelos Michaelides; Roberto Car; Matthias Scheffler

    2014-08-14

    Density-functional theory (DFT) has been widely used to study water and ice for at least 20 years. However, the reliability of different DFT exchange-correlation (xc) functionals for water remains a matter of considerable debate. This is particularly true in light of the recent development of DFT based methods that account for van der Waals (vdW) dispersion forces. Here, we report a detailed study with several xc functionals (semi-local, hybrid, and vdW inclusive approaches) on ice Ih and six proton ordered phases of ice. Consistent with our previous study [Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 185701 (2011)] which showed that vdW forces become increasingly important at high pressures, we find here that all vdW inclusive methods considered improve the relative energies and transition pressures of the high-pressure ice phases compared to those obtained with semi-local or hybrid xc functionals. However, we also find that significant discrepancies between experiment and the vdW inclusive approaches remain in the cohesive properties of the various phases, causing certain phases to be absent from the phase diagram. Therefore, room for improvement in the description of water at ambient and high pressures remains and we suggest that because of the stern test the high pressure ice phases pose they should be used in future benchmark studies of simulation methods for water.

  13. On the Accuracy of van der Waals Inclusive Density-Functional Theory Exchange-Correlation Functionals for Ice at Ambient and High Pressures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Santra, Biswajit; Tkatchenko, Alexandre; Alfè, Dario; Slater, Ben; Michaelides, Angelos; Car, Roberto; Scheffler, Matthias

    2013-01-01

    Density-functional theory (DFT) has been widely used to study water and ice for at least 20 years. However, the reliability of different DFT exchange-correlation (xc) functionals for water remains a matter of considerable debate. This is particularly true in light of the recent development of DFT based methods that account for van der Waals (vdW) dispersion forces. Here, we report a detailed study with several xc functionals (semi-local, hybrid, and vdW inclusive approaches) on ice Ih and six proton ordered phases of ice. Consistent with our previous study [Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 185701 (2011)] which showed that vdW forces become increasingly important at high pressures, we find here that all vdW inclusive methods considered improve the relative energies and transition pressures of the high-pressure ice phases compared to those obtained with semi-local or hybrid xc functionals. However, we also find that significant discrepancies between experiment and the vdW inclusive approaches remain in the cohesive proper...

  14. FMCG schedulingg Martijn van Elzakker

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grossmann, Ignacio E.

    switches Many periods Large models 2 C2. Considerably more storage tanks than mixers and packers - Model example case Same set up: 1 mixer, 6 storage tanks, 2 packers 120 hour horizon 4 hour cleaning period computational times Intermediate inventoryIntermediate inventory 1. Limited storage capacity Many mixer

  15. 15-Passenger Van Inspection Checklist

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in your pocket. Check all fluid levels Oil Radiator (when engine is cool) Windshield wiper fluid Inspect under the influence of Alcohol Illegal drugs prescribed or OTC medication that impair your ability

  16. GEOLOGICA ULTRAIECTINA Mededelingen van de

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Thienen, Peter

    , ecliptica's, polen, solstitia, equinoxen, planeten, tekenen, punten en maten waaruit de hemelbol en aardbol

  17. GEOLOGICA ULTRAJECTINA Mededelingen van de

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Utrecht, Universiteit

    ) and the recognition of astronomically forced sedimentary cycles Chapter 7: Rock-magnetic properties of lignite

  18. Interview of Keith van Rijsbergen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rijsbergen, Keith van

    2010-01-01

    on the Polish-East German border; some years ago when the wall came down I went and visited the place but the camp was gone; our life after the war was quite complicated as my father travelled a lot as an engineer and took the family with him; we left Holland... supervisor he took an interest in what I was doing when it really mattered; I was an appalling writer to begin with, it was so condensed that if I was to write the same stuff now, one paragraph would take several pages; Ken got me to think about how to write...

  19. Textual Similarity Johan van Beusekom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Java. I værktøjet er der implemen- teret fire algoritmer, der alle kan blive kørt på et sæt af dokumenter og udregne de indbyrdes lighedsværdier mellem disse. For at undersøge hvor nøjagtigt en algoritme løser problemet, er lighedsværdierne blevet fastsat af både mennesker såvel som algoritmer, og

  20. Van Andel Research Institute, Los

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Los Alamos National Laboratory to develop detailed computational model to study lung cancer September 14, 2015 LOS ALAMOS, N.M., Sept. 14, 2015-Scientists are developing a new...

  1. CVD SWNT van der Waal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maruyama, Shigeo

    500 ( 1) 2500K 100 ns(Ni108 130 ns) 2 Ni108 CVD Molecular Dynamics of Nanotube Nucleation-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8656 The formation process of single walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) in CCVD and a nickel cluster, the metal-catalyzed growth of the cap-structure of SWNTs was calculated. Carbon atoms

  2. vanDuin_ReaxFF

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home RoomPreservationBio-Inspired SolarAboutXu Named|Got Solitons?scriptEnv -MediasupercomputersR4

  3. Van Andel Research Institute, Los

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust,Field-effectWorking WithTelecentric viewingValidating

  4. Wankel engine for hybrid powertrain

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Butti, A.; Site, V.D.

    1995-12-31

    The Wankel engine is suited to be used to drive hybrid propulsion systems. The main disadvantage of hybrid propulsion systems is the complexity that causes a high weight and large dimensions. For these reason hybrid systems are more suitable for large size vehicle (buses, vans) rather than for small passenger cars. A considerable reduction of hybrid systems weight and dimensions can be obtained using a Wankel rotary engine instead of a conventional engine. The Wankel engine is light, compact, simple, and produces low noise and low vibrations. Therefore a Wankel engine powered hybrid system is suited to be used on small cars. In this paper a 1,000 kg parallel hybrid car with continuously variable transmission and a 6,000 kg series hybrid minibus both equipped with Wankel engines are considered. The Wankel engine works at steady state to minimize fuel consumption and exhaust emissions. The simulation of the behavior of these two vehicles during a ECE + EUDC test cycle is presented in order to evaluate the performances of the systems.

  5. ROBOTIC SYSTEMS for DEPLOYING SENSORS to DETECT CONTRABAND in CARGO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Siegel, Mel

    we are building and evaluating for attacking the problem of inspecting passenger aircraft for pressurization­depressurization induced radial cracks around rivets and corrosion induced delamination of lap

  6. ROBOTIC SYSTEMS for DEPLOYING SENSORS to DETECT CONTRABAND in CARGO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Siegel, Mel

    we are building and evaluating for attacking the problem of inspecting passenger aircraft for pressurization-depressurization induced radial cracks around rivets and corrosion induced delamination of lap

  7. A Study of Lead Ingot Cargoes from Ancient Mediterranean Shipwrecks 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Heather Gail

    2011-10-21

    Lead is often relegated to a footnote or sidebar in the study of ancient metals. However, the hundreds of lead ingots discovered in underwater sites over the past half-century have attested to the widespread production and ...

  8. Mesoporous Silica Nanoparticles and Films for Cargo Delivery

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guardado, Tania Maria

    2014-01-01

    N. ; Schubert, U. , Aerogels—airy materials: chemistry,G. M. , Chemistry of aerogels and their applications.6, 7 particles, 8-11 aerogels, 12, 13 and xerogels. 14, 15

  9. DOCTORAL COLLOQUIUM KEYNOTE ADDRESS CONDUCT, MISCONDUCT, AND CARGO CULT SCIENCE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    such as the "cold fusion case" at the University of Utah (Huizenga 1993) and the "David Baltimore case" at MIT

  10. World's First Fuel Cell Cargo Trucks Deployed at Memphis International...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    which are part of the world's first zero-emissions ground support fleet in the world. The successful project was funded through a 2.5 million grant from the Energy...

  11. Risk analysis for truck transportation of high consequence cargo.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Waters, Robert David

    2010-09-01

    The fixed facilities control everything they can to drive down risk. They control the environment, work processes, work pace and workers. The transportation sector drive the State and US highways with high kinetic energy and less-controllable risks such as: (1) other drivers (beginners, impaired, distracted, etc.); (2) other vehicles (tankers, hazmat, super-heavies); (3) road environments (bridges/tunnels/abutments/construction); and (4) degraded weather.

  12. Accelerator-Driven Neutron Source for Cargo Screening

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2006-01-01

    In the so called “Nuclear Car Wash” concept [1] a cargoet al. , “The Nuclear Car Wash: A Scanner to Detect Illicit

  13. Cargo Power and Infrastructure Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmentalBowerbank,Cammack Village, Arkansas:Fund for SpanishCargill Power Markets LLC

  14. World's First Fuel Cell Cargo Trucks Deployed at Memphis International

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative FuelsofProgram: Report1538-1950DepartmentWaveWind(NREL)Zappos.comDepartmentAirport |

  15. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek Journal of Microbiology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hao, Bailin

    -annotated genomes of ``Sulfolo- bus islandicus'' strains from different geographic locations have been released values of strains from the same geographic location, i.e., Iceland, Kamchatka and North America, ranged from 82.4 to 95.4 %, clearly qualifying them as members of the same species. The lowest DDH values

  16. Reprocessing & Storage Daniel VanBriesen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bowen, James D.

    Pros Reduces the level of nuclear waste Extracts more energy per volume of fuel Potentially cheaper #12;Waste Storage Nuclear power is the only energy-producing technology which takes full. The radioactivity of all nuclear wastes diminishes with time. #12;Waste Storage Pros: Safe & Reliable. Helps

  17. TEMPORAL PATTERNS AND MODAL Johan van Benthem

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amsterdam, University of

    temporal systems' is mixing the analysis of 'logical time' with standard physical engineering techniques process theories (dynamic logic, µ­calculus, process algebra), surveyed in Colin Stirling's contribution to this issue. (Cf. also Stirling 1

  18. Dodge B2500 dedicated CNG van

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Eudy, L.

    2000-04-19

    The US Department of Energy (DOE) is promoting the use of alternative fuels and alternative fuel vehicles (AFVs). To support this activity, DOE has directed the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) to conduct projects to evaluate the performance and acceptability of light-duty AFVs. The authors tested a 1999 B2500 dedicated CNG Ram Wagon with a 5.2L V8 engine. The vehicle was run through a series of tests explained briefly in this fact sheet.

  19. Industrile Automatisering Hoeksteen van de moderne industrie

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    : overdrachtsfunctie, polen, nulpunten, tijdsantwoord, overgangsverschijnselen, stabiliteit, frequen- tieresponsie

  20. MERcury Intense Target (MERIT) Van Graves, ORNL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McDonald, Kirk

    Tube Nozzle Solenoid Bore A A Fiber Optic Bundle Hydraulic Fluid Lines Vacuum/Pressure Test Port Hg Airline Hydraulics Bensalem, PA Oct 28, 2005 #12;2 OAK RIDGE NATIONAL LABORATORY U. S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Airline Hydraulics 28 Oct 2005 Background · Proof-of-principle experiment to investigate

  1. Professor Paul van Gardingen Presentations & Invited Talks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reduction: Is conservation the answer? Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew Wakefield. 2009 ESPA. Ecosystem Services

  2. Transesterification: Laboratory Analytical Procedure (LAP) Van...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Wychen, S.; Laurens, L. M. L. 09 BIOMASS FUELS; 59 BASIC BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES BIOMASS; ALGAE; LABORATORY ANALYTICAL PROCEDURES; LAPS; TOTAL LIPIDS; FATTY ACID METHYL ESTERS; FAME;...

  3. Vier voorbeelden van Fourier Gjerrit Meinsma

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al Hanbali, Ahmad

    seismologische data · Aanleiding: long-range acoustic detection of nuclear submarines · Grootschalige snelle

  4. ESO Users Committee Jacco van Loon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crowther, Paul

    : accession supported (later: failed) · Russia: accession politically difficult · Poland and Ireland generation VLT(I) instruments ______ #12;ESO User Portal tools to be released between December 2006 and April to more aggressively advertise both UC to advertise both within constituencies #12;ESO User Portal

  5. Amy Van Asselt PhD Student

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wisconsin at Madison, University of

    · Significant grid penetration of solar energy technologies is inhibited by timing inconsistency between supply empirical data and model an existing phase change thermal energy storage system · Utilize currently Room 1335, ERB E-mail: avanasselt@wisc.edu Hometown: Boulder, CO Research: Load Side Thermal Energy

  6. Linear Grouping Using Orthogonal Stefan Van Aelst

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Van Aelst, Stefan

    and Computer Science, Ghent University, Krijgslaan 281 S9, B-9000 Gent, Belgium. Xiaogang (Steven) Wang Dept; Silverman, 1986; Murtagh, 1983), data mining (Ng and Han, 1994; Zhang, Ramakrishnan, and Livny, 1997

  7. aboriginal first look viewbook Kimberly Van patten

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Calgary, University of

    annually $282.8 MILLION total sponsored research income 11 Olympic medals won by our student-athletes 293 Management Information Systems 1 Marketing 1 Operations Management 1 Personal Financial Planning 1 Petroleum

  8. TA: Angela Van Osdol in 036 Questions?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bishop, Gary

    RAM ·ROM Read-only Memory ·Volatile / Non-Volatile needs power or not ·Magnetic stores bits/266 DEC AXP/500 IBM POWER 100 Year Performance 0 1000 1200 19971996199519941993199219911990198919881987 Abstractions · What the user wanted. · What the programmer designed. · What the programmer thought about

  9. Regional Science and Technology Paul van Gardingen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) ­ Good data on flows of FDI from OECD members into Africa. ­ More limited information on emerging economies (China, India, Brazil). #12;Investing in S&T · Promote partnerships between). · Infrastructure · Create fiscal incentives. #12;Foreign Direct Investment · 87 % to 3 countries ­ South Africa

  10. Van Ness Feldman | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop IncIowa (Utility Company) JumpGTZUtility Rates API

  11. VanDoc_135908_1

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust,Field-effectWorking WithTelecentric viewingValidatingRoadmap "CURC/EPRI/DOE Consensus

  12. Jack VanKuiken | Argonne National Laboratory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would likeUniverseIMPACT EVALUATIONIntroducing theActivation byIs aItemPolarTool andJackJackSTA

  13. NREL: Energy Sciences - Jao van de Lagemaat

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformationJessework usesof EnergyY-12Working with Us ...Your team is

  14. R. Bruce van Dover > Professor

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home RoomPreservation of Fe(II) by Carbon-RichProton Delivery andInnovations That CouldR&DMarch

  15. Siderophore-Mediated Cargo Delivery to the Cytoplasm of Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa: Syntheses of Monofunctionalized Enterobactin Scaffolds and Evaluation of Enterobactin-Cargo Conjugate Uptake

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zheng, Tengfei

    The design and syntheses of monofunctionalized enterobactin (Ent, l- and d-isomers) scaffolds where one catecholate moiety of enterobactin houses an alkene, aldehyde, or carboxylic acid at the C5 position are described. ...

  16. NNSA selects Lindsey VanNess as NA-00 Inaugural Employee of the...

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    for her exceptional contributions to NNSA including the benchmarking of Department of Energy plans and for crafting guidance resulting in authorship of an Enterprise-implementa...

  17. A Logic of Vision Jaap van der Does and Michiel van Lambalgen1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amsterdam, University of

    ? These are the main questions we will address in the present essay. Inspired by Marr 1982, we shall argue of logico-semantical tech- niques. The logic proposed is abstracted from Marr's cognitive theory of vision, whence the name: logic of vision. Implicit in Marr's theory is a notion of partiality as lack

  18. A Logic of Vision Jaap van der Does and Michiel van Lambalgen 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koolen, Marijn

    reports? These are the main questions we will address in the present essay. Inspired by Marr 1982, we Marr's cognitive theory of vision, whence the name: logic of vision. Implicit in Marr's theory

  19. Characterization of Rodessa Formation Reservoir (Lower Cretaceous) in Van Field, Van Zandt County, Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Triyana, Yanyan

    2004-09-30

    limestone and sandstone have been altered significantly by diagenetic processes that include micritization, cementation, dissolution, neomorphism and compaction. Dissolution is the main factor that resulted in enhanced porosity and permeability while...

  20. Stop City IntersectionStop # Van Name Arrive Depart Van Stops, Times, & Fees

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mullins, Dyche

    .88Active 7.6DENTAL6:40 CONCORD 59Near Pleasant Hill Bart Station2120.01 CONCORD 12120 7:55 5:05 $195:30 CONCORD 59Near Pleasant Hill Bart Station2120.01 CONCORD 12120 7:55 5:05 $195.12Active 8.05P, LH6:50 DALY, MTZ6:50 ELK GROVE 203LAGUNA & FRANKLIN BLVD.2225.01 ELK GROVE2225 6:15 3:20 $356.40Active 6.4MB

  1. Photodissociation of (SO{sub 2}?XH) Van der Waals complexes and clusters (XH = C{sub 2}H{sub 2}, C{sub 2}H{sub 4}, C{sub 2}H{sub 6}) excited at 32?040–32?090 cm{sup ?1} with formation of HSO{sub 2} and X

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Makarov, Vladimir I.; Kochubei, Sergei A.; Khmelinskii, Igor

    2014-02-07

    We studied photodecomposition dynamics of (SO{sub 2}?XH) Van der Waals’ (VdW) complexes and clusters in gas phase, with X = C{sub 2}H, C{sub 2}H{sub 3}, and C{sub 2}H{sub 5}. SO{sub 2} was excited by frequency-doubled radiation of a tunable dye laser and resonance-enhanced multiphoton ionization was used to detect the C{sub 2}H (m/z 25), C{sub 2}H{sub 3} (m/z 27), and C{sub 2}H{sub 5} (m/z 29) ions by time-of-flight mass spectroscopy. Spectra obtained at higher nozzle pressures (P{sub 0} > 2.5 atm) indicate formation of clusters. Detailed studies of the VdW complex structure were carried out by analyzing the rotational structure of the respective action spectra. We also performed ab initio theoretical analysis of structures of the VdW complexes and transitional states leading to photodecomposition. We find that the structure of the transition state is significantly different as compared to the equilibrium ground-state structure of the respective complex. The photodecomposition mechanism depends on the hydrocarbon molecule bound to SO{sub 2}.

  2. Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2015: Zero Emission Cargo Transport Projects

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation given by Houston-Galvelston Area Council at 2015 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about zero emission...

  3. Cargo delivery into gram-negative bacteria via enterobactin uptake machinery

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zheng, Tengfei

    2014-01-01

    Chapter 1. Introduction to Iron Homeostasis and Siderophores Iron is an essential nutrient for almost all living organisms. This Chapter presents an overview of iron homeostasis in human and bacteria, as well as the biology ...

  4. The Cargo of the Steamboat Heroine and the Army of the Frontier, 1838 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chick, Nina M.

    2015-04-30

    In spring of 1838, the Heroine steamed up the Red River carrying subsistence supplies for the U.S. Army garrison at Fort Towson, Choctaw Nation. Two miles from its destination, it struck a snag and sank. Rediscovered in ...

  5. COMPARING DECISION SUPPORT TOOLS FOR CARGO SCREENING PROCESSES Peer-Olaf Siebers(a)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aickelin, Uwe

    the decision making is Cost-Benefit Analysis (CBA) (Hanley and Spash 1993). While CBA is useful in our case monetary inputs into account. It can use the results of a CBA as monetary input and service quality

  6. Idaho Workers Eager to Check Condition of Waste Moved to Cargo...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    1952 to 1970, workers buried drums containing radioactive waste from the now-closed Rocky Flats site at the Idaho site's Subsurface Disposal Area. In the 1970s, the Idaho site...

  7. Control and optimization of wave-induced motion of ramp- interconnected craft for cargo transfer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toubi, Jacob

    2009-01-01

    between the kinetic and potential energy of the system. ThenBase [rad] Kinetic Energy = T Potential Energy: V = V G + V

  8. May /June 2005 Look for Varroa NOW Hazardous Cargo CA Online Agritourism Directory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ishida, Yuko

    and March to work on the almonds. In healthy colonies, there is a significant reduction of adult bee of nurse (9-12 day old) bees, 2. abun- dant supplies of nectar and pollens, and 3. freedom from diseases population of nurse bees in the colony, there had to be an abundant supply of food about a month earlier (21

  9. Control and optimization of wave-induced motion of ramp- interconnected craft for cargo transfer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toubi, Jacob

    2009-01-01

    Craft and ramp, angular velocity and angular acceleration.Heave Angular Position Angular Velocity Angular Accelerationto vary the spin angular velocity in compensation. Table

  10. Pore Control in Mesoporous Silica for Cargo Delivery and Sensing Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Russell, Melissa Mei-Lee

    2013-01-01

    syntheses   of   inorganic-­?organic   hybrid   mesoporous   materials.  synthesis   of   highly   ordered   large-­?pore   periodic   mesoporous   organosilicas  with  the  aid  of  inorganic  salts.  Chemistry  of  materials  

  11. Filament-Filament Switching Can Be Regulated by Separation Between Filaments Together with Cargo Motor Number

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Erickson, Robert P; Gross, Steven P; Yu, Clare C; Kabla, Alexandre J

    2013-01-01

    cannot switch between filaments. The lines that are notswitching at cytoskeletal filament intersections. Biophys J1995) Flexibility of actin filaments derived from thermal

  12. Cost-Sensitive Classification Methods for the Detection of Smuggled Nuclear Material in Cargo Containers 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Webster, Jennifer B

    2013-07-09

    the help he has provided. I would also like to thank several people for their assistance in generating data sets and working with MCNP. Dr. Sunil Chirayath was an extremely valuable resource on campus and generated the initial data sets used to test... the algorithms discussed here. Los Alamos National Laboratory, in particular Dr. Avneet Sood and Dr. C.J. Solomon, generously donated computer time and guidance in running MCNP to effectively generate additional data sets as needed. This project was funded...

  13. Long-term Decline of Aggregate Fuel Use per Cargo-ton-mile of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    (OFCVT). deer07santini.pdf More Documents & Publications Diesel Injection Shear-Stress Advanced Nozzle (DISSAN) Electric Turbo Compounding Technology Update Microstructural...

  14. MINISTRIO DA CINCIA, TECNOLOGIA E INOVAO (MCTI) CONCURSO PBLICO PARA PROVIMENTO DE VAGAS EM CARGOS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 MINISTÉRIO DA CIÊNCIA, TECNOLOGIA E INOVAÇÃO (MCTI) CONCURSO PÚBLICO PARA PROVIMENTO DE VAGAS EM DA CIÊNCIA, TECNOLOGIA E INOVAÇÃO, tendo em vista o disposto na Portaria nº 553, de 8 de dezembro de, Planejamento e Infraestrutura em Ciência e Tecnologia e da Carreira de Desenvolvimento Tecnológico de que trata

  15. Pore Control in Mesoporous Silica for Cargo Delivery and Sensing Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Russell, Melissa Mei-Lee

    2013-01-01

    Schubert,   U. ,   Aerogels—airy   materials:   chemistry,  Chemistry   of   aerogels   and   their   applications.  6,  7  particles, 8-­?11  aerogels, 12,  13  and  xerogels.

  16. An early conceptual design and feasibility analysis of a nuclear-powered cargo vessel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beaver, John L. (John Lewis)

    2009-01-01

    Economic globalization has resulted in the tremendous growth of worldwide trade. Much of this trade is carried out via the various waterways of the world. The bulk of these trade goods are transported by merchant ships ...

  17. Deciphering the Mechanism of E. coli tat Protein Transport: Kinetic Substeps and Cargo Properties 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Whitaker, Neal William 1982-

    2012-12-03

    The Escherichia coli twin-arginine translocation (Tat) system transports fully folded and assembled proteins across the inner membrane into the periplasmic space. The E. coli Tat machinery minimally consists of three integral membrane proteins: TatA...

  18. Temperature of aircraft cargo flame exposure during accidents involving fuel spills

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mansfield, J.A.

    1993-01-01

    This report describes an evaluation of flame exposure temperatures of weapons contained in alert (parked) bombers due to accidents that involve aircraft fuel fires. The evaluation includes two types of accident, collisions into an alert aircraft by an aircraft that is on landing or take-off, and engine start accidents. Both the B-1B and B-52 alert aircraft are included in the evaluation.

  19. CargoNet : micropower sensate tags for supply-chain management and security

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Malinowski, Mateusz Ksawery

    2007-01-01

    This thesis describes the development of a system of sensate active RFID tags for supply-chain management and security applications, necessitated by the current lack of commercial platforms capable of monitoring the state ...

  20. High compliance all-terrain transport and heavy cargo hybrid bicycle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Soto-Fernández, Orlando

    2005-01-01

    A design project was carried out which involved the design, manufacturing, and assembly of a hybrid bicycle. The bicycle was required to operate between two modes, one that permitted fast transport of the operator from one ...

  1. High compliance all-terrain transport and heavy cargo hybrid bicycle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pino, Andres (Andres J.)

    2006-01-01

    This research involved the design and manufacture of a prototype for a hybrid bicycle system. The design called for a vehicle capable of being used in a mode where normal bicycle operation is possible while being reconfigurable ...

  2. System and method for identifying, validating, weighing and characterizing moving or stationary vehicles and cargo

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Beshears, David L. (Knoxville, TN); Batsell, Stephen G. (Oak Ridge, TN); Abercrombie, Robert K. (Knoxville, TN); Scudiere, Matthew B. (Oak Ridge, TN); White, Clifford P. (Seymour, TN)

    2007-12-04

    An asset identification and information infrastructure management (AI3M) device having an automated identification technology system (AIT), a Transportation Coordinators' Automated Information for Movements System II (TC-AIMS II), a weigh-in-motion system (WIM-II), and an Automated Air Load Planning system (AALPS) all in electronic communication for measuring and calculating actual asset characteristics, either statically or in-motion, and further calculating an actual load plan.

  3. System and method for weighing and characterizing moving or stationary vehicles and cargo

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Beshears, David L [Knoxville, TN; Scudiere, Matthew B [Oak Ridge, TN; White, Clifford P [Seymour, TN

    2008-05-20

    A weigh-in-motion device and method having at least one transducer pad, each transducer pad having at least one transducer group with transducers positioned essentially perpendicular to the direction of travel. At least one pad microcomputer is provided on each transducer pad having a means for calculating first output signal indicative of weight, second output signal indicative of time, and third output signal indicative of speed. At least one host microcomputer is in electronic communication with each pad microcomputer, and having a means for calculating at least one unknown selected from the group consisting of individual tire weight, individual axle weight, axle spacing, speed profile, longitudinal center of balance, and transverse center of balance.

  4. Energy Department Announces $10 Million to Advance Zero-Emission Cargo

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergyTher i n cEnergy (AZ,LocalEfficiency |<

  5. Idaho Workers Eager to Check Condition of Waste Moved to Cargo Containers

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergyTher i nA Guide to TappingWORKof71Commercial Industrial SavingsDepartmentDecades Ago

  6. World's First Fuel Cell Cargo Trucks Deployed at U.S. Airport | Department

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirley Ann JacksonDepartment| Department of EnergyDataWindof Energy Scott Minos Office ofof

  7. TD 1 : Fluide de Van der Waals On rappelle que le gaz dit "de Van der Waals", d'aprs Johannes Diderik Van der Waals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Godoy-Diana, Ramiro

    " en éliminant les coordon- nées P, T et V au profit des coordonnées réduites sans dimension : p = P/Pc t = T/Tc v = V/Vc . (2) Conclure quant à la généralité de l'équation obtenue 1 . Question 4 Définir sur

  8. Modal actuation for high bandwidth nano-positioning J.R. van Hulzen, G. Schitter, P.M.J. Van den Hof and J. van Eijk

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Van den Hof, Paul

    . INTRODUCTION Piezoelectric actuators are used in applications where high precision position is required over. This paper focusses on the application of modal actuation on piezoelectric tube scanners used in AFMs requires high bandwidth feedback control. In these systems the dynamics of the piezoelectric actuator, its

  9. tijdschrift van de k.u.leuven Tijdschrift

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davis, Jesse

    .kuleuven.be/ck/ Campuskrant 3 Eredoctores 2008 MILIEU, MILIEUBELEID EN DUURZAME ONTWIKKELING 13 `Thuis' in Leuven ACTRICE EN en Therapie -- K.U.Leuven, bestuderen devormingvanbloedvatenopmoleculair niveau. Zes jaar geleden met biotechbedrijf ThromboGenics -- dat met het Centrum voor Transgene Technologie en Therapie niet

  10. HALF TWISTS OF HODGE STRUCTURES OF CMTYPE BERT VAN GEEMEN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Geemen, Bert

    twist in the case of hypersurfaces in projective space is investigated in [vGI]. A basic case is Example

  11. Van Buren County, Arkansas: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-EnhancingEt Al.,Turin, NewArkansas: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search

  12. Van Buren County, Iowa: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-EnhancingEt Al.,Turin, NewArkansas: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, searchIowa:

  13. Van Buren County, Michigan: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-EnhancingEt Al.,Turin, NewArkansas: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation,

  14. Van Buren County, Tennessee: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-EnhancingEt Al.,Turin, NewArkansas: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation,Tennessee:

  15. Van Norman Residences Space Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility |

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-EnhancingEt Al.,Turin, NewArkansas: Energy Resources Jump to:

  16. Van Wert County, Ohio: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-EnhancingEt Al.,Turin, NewArkansas: Energy Resources Jump to:Wert County, Ohio: Energy

  17. Van Zandt County, Texas: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-EnhancingEt Al.,Turin, NewArkansas: Energy Resources Jump to:Wert County, Ohio:

  18. Towards Mature IT Services Frank Niessink and Hans van Vliet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Vliet, Hans

    ) is the Information Technology Infrastructure Library (ITIL), which seeks to publish a standard of service quality

  19. Interfacing Mathemagix with C++ Joris van der Hoeven

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    programming, template library A.M.S. subject classification: 68W30 1 Introduction 1.1 Motivation behind++. In particular, we describe the mechanism which allows us to import a C++ template library (which only permits static instantiation) as a fully generic Mathemagix template library. Keywords: Mathemagix, C++, generic

  20. T.H.J.J. van der Hagen Chemical Engineering /

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Vliet, Lucas J.

    secties Delft Ingenious Design Afdelingsbureau Quantum Nanoscience / QN L.P. Kouwenhoven 6.T. Wolterbeek 5 wetenschappelijke secties Afdelingsbureau Monday, May 06, 2013 Science Education & Communication