National Library of Energy BETA

Sample records for military specifications mil-t

  1. military

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    2%2A en Military Academic Collaborations http:www.nnsa.energy.govaboutusourprogramsdefenseprogramsmilitaryacademiccollaborations

  2. military

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal GasAdministration Medal01 Sandia4) August 20123/%2A en46Afedkcp |field2/%2A en Military

  3. Military Band 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Unknown

    2011-09-05

    , because American military officers allowed the militarization of the police forces to become institutionalized without also establishing normative constraints on the use of military power. The thesis contends that American military authorities undermined...

  4. Partnering with the Military 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wythe, Kathy

    2006-01-01

    and intensity, reduced sediment loss from train- ing areas by as much as 90 percent and improved the training areas? sustainability, Hoffman said. The compost project, federally funded through the NRCS, is an example of the military?s foresight and interest... project is another example of the military working to protect the ecosystem surrounding its training areas.? Now the project is moving into its next phase?large- scale application and refining the specific recommen- dations of using the compost...

  5. Secure Military Social Networking and Rapid Sensemaking in Domain Specific Concept Systems: Research Issues and Future Solutions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garside, Debbie

    This paper identifies the need for a secure military social networking site and the underlying research issues linked to the successful development of such sites. The paper further proposes a solution to the most basic ...

  6. Military housing privatization & the promise of design innovation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ellis, Jason (Jason Robert)

    2009-01-01

    The objective of this paper is to answer the question, "Has the military housing privatization process produced design innovation?" Secondary questions are, "What specific role has the Army's Residential Communities ...

  7. military academic programs

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal GasAdministration Medal01 Sandia4) August 20123/%2A en46Afedkcp |field2/%2A en Military

  8. Sandia Energy - Military

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home RoomPreservation of Fe(II)Geothermal Energy &Water Power&Grid Action NetworkMilitary Home

  9. On Military Innovation: Toward an Analytical Framework

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ross, Andrew L

    2010-01-01

    emphasis on hardware in- novation or on software innovation?Is technological innovation being ac- companied bying spent on military innovation? 8. Have China’s military

  10. Vehicle Technologies Office: AVTA - Evaluating Military Bases...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Military Bases and Fleet Readiness for Electric Vehicles Vehicle Technologies Office: AVTA - Evaluating Military Bases and Fleet Readiness for Electric Vehicles The Vehicle...

  11. Armed forces, states and threats : civil-military institutions and military power in modern democracies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DeVore, Marc Ronald

    2009-01-01

    Two longstanding questions preoccupying political scientists, military officers and policymakers alike are how should and how do political leaders interact with military professionals? This thesis argues that historic ...

  12. Demographic study of military selection in the state of Ohio, 1917-1919 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saberian, Michael Reza

    2006-04-12

    groups or activities at a specific military base. Nancy Gentile Ford?s American?s All examines the assimilative activities at Camp Gordon, Georgia where conscripts from various ethnic enclaves underwent a program of acculturation. Christopher Sterba...

  13. A perspective on safeguarding and monitoring of excess military plutonium

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sutcliffe, W.G.

    1994-10-02

    The purpose of this paper is to provide a perspective and framework for the development of safeguarding and monitoring procedures for the various stages of disposition of excess military plutonium. The paper briefly outlines and comments on some of the issues involved in safeguarding and monitoring excess military plutonium as it progresses from weapons through dismantlement, to fabrication as reactor fuel, to use in a reactor, and finally to storage and disposal as spent fuel. {open_quotes}Military{close_quotes} refers to ownership, and includes both reactor-grade and weapon-grade plutonium. {open_quotes}Excess{close_quotes} refers to plutonium (in any form) that a government decides is no longer needed for military use and can be irrevocably removed from military stockpiles. Many of the issues and proposals presented in this paper are based on, or are similar to, those mentioned in the National Academy of Sciences (NAS) report on excess military plutonium. Safeguards for plutonium disposition are discussed elsewhere in terms of requirements established by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC), and the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). Here, the discussion is less specific. The term {open_quotes}safeguarding{close_quotes} is used broadly to refer to materials control and accountancy (MC&A), containment and surveillance (C&S), and physical protection of nuclear materials by the state that possesses those materials. This is also referred to as material protection, control, and accountancy (MPCA). The term {open_quotes}safeguarding{close_quotes} was chosen for brevity and to distinguish MPCA considered in this paper from international or IAEA safeguards. {open_quotes}Monitoring{close_quotes} is used to refer to activities designed to assure another party (state or international organization) that the nuclear materials of the host state (the United States or Russia) are secure and not subject to unauthorized use.

  14. CIVIL-MILITARY GAP AND MILITARY EFFECTIVENESS: THE IMPACT OF IDEOLOGY AND MILITARY EXPERIENCE GAP ON DEFENSE SPENDING IN THE UNITED STATES, 1952-2000

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Byeonggu

    2010-01-01

    Previous studies of civil-military gap have argued that the difference in values, perspectives, and opinions between civilians and the military matters because it determines military effectiveness, but empirical analyses ...

  15. Affect of Title III of the 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments on military facilities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Trembly, L.A. [Naval Facilities Engineering Service Center, Port Hueneme, CA (United States)

    1997-12-31

    EPA has promulgated a number of NESHAPs in accordance with Title III of the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 (CAAA90) that have affected military installations. This paper provides a survey of NESHAP applicability on military installations and where feasible outlines compliance efforts and quantifies the emission reductions achieved. This paper focuses on NESHAPs promulgated since CAAA90. Specific NESHAPs that will be discussed include Halogenated Solvent Cleaners, Perchloroethylene Dry Cleaners, Chromium Electroplating and Anodizing Tanks, Ship Building and Repair Operations and Aerospace Manufacturing and Rework Operations. Other NESHAPs affecting military installations may be addressed if data are available.

  16. Military Initiative | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuelsof EnergyApril 2014 |Department ofMay 2013EnergyIQAfrom Bio-OilMilitary

  17. Cicero de re militari: a civilian perspective on military matters in the late Republic 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liong, Katherine Amie

    2011-06-30

    Cicero‘s value as a military commentator has traditionally been obscured by his reputation as an unmilitary figure. This focus ignores the considerable quantity – and quality – of references to military matters in his ...

  18. Wind Industry Training for Our Military Veterans

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    The Energy Department is taking steps to leverage the skill sets of our military veterans in support of the wind energy industry.

  19. Frameworks for Analyzing Chinese Defense and Military Innovation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cheung, Tai Ming; Mahnken, Thomas G; Ross, Andrew L

    2011-01-01

    include those between product innovation (improved means)defense and military innovation and its concrete products.products, processes, and services for military and dual-use applications, and military innovation

  20. Explaining civil-military relations in Southeast Asia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kwok, Jia-Chuan

    2010-01-01

    Civil-military relations describe the interactions and balance of power between the civilians and the military in a nation state. Due to the organizational apparatus and capacity for forcible coercion that the military ...

  1. Specific heat and thermal conductivity of explosives, mixtures...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Specific heat and thermal conductivity of explosives, mixtures, and plastic-bonded explosives determined experimentally Baytos, J.F. 45 MILITARY TECHNOLOGY, WEAPONRY, AND NATIONAL...

  2. Leveraging Tribal Renewable Resources to Support Military Energy...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Leveraging Tribal Renewable Resources to Support Military Energy Goals Leveraging Tribal Renewable Resources to Support Military Energy Goals May 30-31, 2013 Image of a speaker at...

  3. Energy Efficiency Upgrades Help Retired Military Officers Save...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Efficiency Upgrades Help Retired Military Officers Save Money Energy Efficiency Upgrades Help Retired Military Officers Save Money May 7, 2013 - 12:50pm Addthis A retirement...

  4. Oxygen-Enriched Combustion for Military Diesel Engine Generators...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Oxygen-Enriched Combustion for Military Diesel Engine Generators Oxygen-Enriched Combustion for Military Diesel Engine Generators Substantial increases in brake power and...

  5. War Upon the Map: The Politics of Military User Innovation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lindsay, Jon R.

    2006-07-18

    While military personnel are often involved in the design of information technology, the literature on military innovation generally assumes defense contractors are the primary producers. Furthermore, general organizational ...

  6. Overview of Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Activities: 2010 Military...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    0 Military Energy and Alternative Fuels Conference Overview of Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Activities: 2010 Military Energy and Alternative Fuels Conference This presentation by DOE's...

  7. Exposure to risk and its impact on human capital : essays on combat exposure, military labor, and conflict duration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yankovich, Michael F

    2013-01-01

    This dissertation examines the impact of contemporaneous American participation in war on military labor and conflict duration. Chapter one uses variation in occupation-specific retention bonuses and mortality risks observed ...

  8. Information friction : information technology and military performance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lindsay, Jon Randall

    2011-01-01

    Militaries have long been eager to adopt the latest technology (IT) in a quest to improve knowledge of and control over the battlefield. At the same time, uncertainty and confusion have remained prominent in actual experience ...

  9. ITAM SERVICES CENTER FOR ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT OF MILITARY LANDS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and the public. Geographic Information System (GIS) provides spatial information that assists military trainers

  10. ARPA-E: Improving Military Energy Security

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Willson, Bryan; Mahvi, Allison; Stepien, Tom; Wasco, Mick

    2014-02-24

    The U.S. military has a vested interest in advancing microgrid technologies that can power forward operating bases. These technologies could not only help the military significantly reduce its energy demand both at home and abroad, but also they could reduce the number of fuel-supply convoys required on the battlefield and the number of troops killed in fuel-supply convoy attacks. This video highlights two ARPA-E projects that have formed strategic partnerships with the military to enable these microgrids at forward operating bases. Georgia Tech is developing an innovative absorption heat pump that utilizes exhaust heat to provide heating and cooling, which could cut the amount of energy used to heat and cool forward operating bases by 50%. Primus Power is developing a low-cost, energy-dense storage system that could store enough energy to operate a base for several days in the event of a disruption.

  11. ARPA-E: Improving Military Energy Security

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Willson, Bryan; Mahvi, Allison; Stepien, Tom; Wasco, Mick

    2014-03-13

    The U.S. military has a vested interest in advancing microgrid technologies that can power forward operating bases. These technologies could not only help the military significantly reduce its energy demand both at home and abroad, but also they could reduce the number of fuel-supply convoys required on the battlefield and the number of troops killed in fuel-supply convoy attacks. This video highlights two ARPA-E projects that have formed strategic partnerships with the military to enable these microgrids at forward operating bases. Georgia Tech is developing an innovative absorption heat pump that utilizes exhaust heat to provide heating and cooling, which could cut the amount of energy used to heat and cool forward operating bases by 50%. Primus Power is developing a low-cost, energy-dense storage system that could store enough energy to operate a base for several days in the event of a disruption.

  12. Tribal and Military Leaders Come Together to Talk Renewable Energy...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Tribal and Military Leaders Come Together to Talk Renewable Energy Tribal and Military Leaders Come Together to Talk Renewable Energy June 12, 2013 - 7:06pm Addthis The DOE Office...

  13. United States military posture for FY 1989

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1989-01-01

    The primary purpose of this statement on the military posture of the United States is to supplement testimony by the Chairman and other members of the Joint Chiefs of Staff at congressional hearings in support of the FY 1989 Defense Budget. Chapter I is an overview that describes the main challenges to US national security, outlines objectives and elements of US military strategy, and highlights continuing efforts to field the best possible armed forces for the protection of US national interests. Chapter II compares US defense requirements and resource commitment with those of the Soviet Union. Chapter III provides an overview of the global military environment by comparing US and allied forces with Soviet and Warsaw Pact forces. Chapter IV assesses the current and projected capability of the US Armed Forces to meet the Soviet nuclear threat. Chapter V assesses the current and projected capability of the US Armed Forces, in concert with friends and allies, to meet the Soviet conventional military threat. This chapter deals primarily with joint perspectives that have increased the capabilities and efficiency of our forces. Chapter VI addresses other topics of interest. Unless otherwise noted, data shown in this report have used operational as opposed to treaty inventories for strategic weapon systems, a fiscal year cutoff date of 30 September 1987, and mobilized forces. Additionally, data have been developed based on a global as opposed to regional war scenario.

  14. Nanowarriors: Military Nanotechnology and Comic Books

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nanowarriors: Military Nanotechnology and Comic Books Colin Milburn U N I V E R S I T Y O F C A L I with nanotechnology. The Army Research Office had issued broad agency solicitations for such a center in October 2001 what became dubbed the MIT Institute for Soldier Nanotechnologies (ISN). MIT's proposal out- lined

  15. Frameworks for Analyzing Chinese Defense and Military Innovation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cheung, Tai Ming; Mahnken, Thomas G; Ross, Andrew L

    2011-01-01

    in China. ” Figure 2. Military innovation matrix IncrementalDiscontinuous Sustaining innovation TechnologicalDoctrine/organization) Disruptive, revolutionary innovation

  16. Cultural intelligence support for military operations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Guthormsen, Amy M.; MacKerrow, Edward P; Merritt, Terence M; Morgart, Ruth E

    2010-04-08

    It has long been recognized that military success relies on knowledge of the enemy. In the context of standard warfare, adequate knowledge of the enemy may be gained by analyzing observable, measurable data. In the context of modern counterinsurgency operations and the global war on terror, the task of predicting the behavior of the enemy is vastly more complex and difficult. Without an understanding of the ways individuals in the host nation interpret and react to events, no amount of objective information can provide the insight required to accurately predict behavior. US military doctrine has begun to recognize the importance of the many ways that local culture can affect operation success. Increasingly military decision makers use cultural information in the service of operation planning, and troops are provided with pre-deployment cultural training. However, no amount of training can cover the breadth and depth of potentially useful cultural information, and no amount of careful planning can avoid the need to adapt as situations develop. Therefore, a critical challenge is to provide useful tools to US personnel in their efforts to collect, analyze, and utilize cultural information. Essential functions for cultural support tools include the following: (1) to narrow down a broad range of available data and focus the user's attention on context-relevant information, (2) to present cultural information in an easily understood form, (3) to prompt the user to seek relevant information in the environment, (4) to synthesize information, and (5) to predict outcomes based on possible courses of operation. In this paper, we begin by reviewing the ways in which military operations can benefit from cultural intelligence. We then discuss frameworks for analyzing cultural information in the context of a military operation. We conclude with a demonstration of our current efforts to develop a tool that meets the aforementioned functional challenges.

  17. Military housing foam application and analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Torres, J. J.

    2012-03-01

    Sandia and Forest City have established a Cooperative Research and Development Agreement (CRADA), the partnership provides a unique opportunity to take technology research and development from demonstration to application in sustainable communities. This project consists of two activities conducted in Hawaii that focus on performance, integration and application of energy saving technologies. Hawaii has many energy challenges, making this location an excellent testbed for these activities. Under this project, spray foam technology was applied at military housing on Oahu and the consumption data collected. A cost benefit and operational analysis of the foam was completed. The second phase of this project included design, integration, and analysis of photovoltaic systems at a military community on Oahu. This phase of the project was conducted as part of Forest City's second Solar America Showcase Award.

  18. Political Stability and Military Intervention in Egypt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Friedman, Casey; Bar-Yam, Yaneer

    2013-01-01

    Policy choices in the wake of recent mass protests in Egypt will determine the likelihood of civil war in the short run and the prospects for democracy in the long run. Economic conditions can be improved by international action to reduce grain-based biofuel production and finance employment generation. Creating the conditions for stable democracy requires accepting power-sharing mechanisms in which the military will have an important role.

  19. Collaborative Military Vehicle Design | GE Global Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 OutreachProductswsicloudwsiclouddenDVA N C E D BGene NetworkNuclearDNP 20082 P rMilitary Vehicle Design Click to

  20. Loyalty for Sale? Military Spending and Coups d'Etat

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leon, Gabriel

    2012-02-27

    other causes are present. This is consistent with the experience of Peru between 1912 and 1964, when "every civilian government that reduced the proportion of the national budget assigned to the Peruvian military was overthrown, and this despite... that the size of the military and the type of regime (whether democratic or whether a military dictatorship) lose their predictive power once country ?xed e¤ects are included. Only instability remains signi?cant, with its coe¢ cient largely unchanged.21...

  1. Resources for Military Families and Students Military Family Resources: Links to each armed service's support site

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kunkle, Tom

    http://www.commissaries.com/stores/html/store.cfm?dodaac=HQCSK5 #12;· Defense Department Family Web Reserve Affairs Family Readiness http://www.defenselink.mil/ra/html/familyreadiness.html Assistance for Mobilized Student Reservists http://www.defenselink.mil/ra/html/student.html Military Spouse Resources http

  2. Defining Behavior Of Computational Agents Based On Military Doctrine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Figueiredo, Luiz Henrique

    involving several logistical, personnel, materials, supplies, etc. Combat simulations have an important role, ammunition, maintenance, etc. A military training can carried out in various hierarchical lev- els, since

  3. SMART BRIDGE: A Tool for Estimating the Military Load

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    information is described in the next section. Finally, the last section summarizes the SMART BRIDGE efforts. BIUDGE AND VEHICLE CLASSIFICATION The U . S . military uses the...

  4. Updated May 2012 MILITARY ACCESSIONS VITAL TO NATIONAL INTEREST (MAVNI)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arnold, Jonathan

    Updated May 2012 MILITARY ACCESSIONS VITAL TO NATIONAL INTEREST (MAVNI) RECRUITMENT PILOT are considered to be vital to the national interest. Those holding critical skills ­ physicians, nurses

  5. Changes in Russia's Military and Nuclear Doctrine

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wolkov, Benjamin M. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Balatsky, Galya I. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2012-07-26

    In 1993, the Russian Federation set out a new military doctrine that would determine the direction of its armed forces until President Putin set out the next doctrine in 2000. The Russian Federation creating the doctrine was new; the USSR had recently collapsed, Gorbachev - the creator of the predecessor to this doctrine in 1987 - was out of office, and the new Russian military had only been formed in May, 1992.1 The analysis of the 1993 doctrine is as follows: a definition of how doctrine is defined; a short history of Russian military doctrine leading up to the 1993 doctrine (officially the Basic Provisions of the Military Doctrine of the Russian Federation); and finally, what the doctrine established. An overview of the 1993 doctrine is: (1) Russia's 1993 doctrine was a return to older, more aggressive doctrine as a result of stability concerns surrounding the recent collapse of the USSR; (2) Russia turned from Gorbachev's 'defensive defense' in the 1987 doctrine to aggressive defense with the option of preempting or striking back against an aggressor; (3) Russia was deeply concerned about how nationalism would affect the former Soviet Republics, particularly in respect to the ethnic Russians still living abroad; and (4) Nuclear doctrine pledged to not be the first to use nuclear weapons but provided for the potential for escalation from a conventional to a nuclear war. The 2000 doctrine (officially the Russian Federation Military Doctrine) was created in a more stable world than the 1993 doctrine was. The Russian Federation had survived independence and the 'threat of direct military aggression against the Russian Federation and its allies' had diminished. It had secured all of the nuclear weapons from its neighbors Ukraine, Belarus, and Kazakhstan, and had elected a new president, Vladimir Putin, to replace Boris Yeltsin. Yet, even as the doctrine took more defensive tones than the 1993 doctrine, it expanded its nuclear options. Below are a new definition of what doctrine meant in 2000 and an outline of the 2000 doctrine. An overview of the 2000 doctrine is: (1) The 2000 doctrine was a return to a more defensive posture; the threat of nuclear retaliation, rather than that of preemptive force, would be its deterrence; (2) In order to strengthen its nuclear deterrence, Russia extended and redefined the cases in which nuclear weapons could be used to include a wider range of conflict types and a larger spectrum of attackers; and (3) Russia's threats changed to reflect its latest fear of engaging in a limited conflict with no prospect of the use of nuclear deterrence. In 2006, the defense minister and deputy prime minister Sergei Ivanov announced that the government was starting on a draft of a future doctrine. Four years later, in 2010, the Military Doctrine of the Russian Federation was put into effect with the intent of determining Russian doctrine until 2020. The 2010 doctrine, like all previous doctrines, was a product of the times in which it was written. Gone were many of the fears that had followed Russia for the past two decades. Below are an examination of the 2010 definition of doctrine as well as a brief analysis of the 2010 doctrine and its deviations from past doctrines. An overview of the 2010 doctrine is: (1) The new doctrine emphasizes the political centralization of command both in military policy and the use of nuclear weapons; (2) Nuclear doctrine remains the same in many aspects including the retention of first-use; (3) At the same time, doctrine was narrowed to using nuclear weapons only when the Russian state's existence is in danger; to continue strong deterrence, Russia also opted to follow the United States by introducing precision conventional weapons; (4) NATO is defined as Russia's primary external threat because of its increased global presence and its attempt to recruit states that are part of the Russian 'bloc'; and (5) The 2000 doctrine's defensive stance was left out of the doctrine; rumored options for use of nuclear weapons in local wars and in preemptive strikes were also left out.

  6. Understanding the EPA guidance on major source determinations for military installations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ling, A.D. [Dept. of the Navy, Washington, DC (United States)

    1997-12-31

    In August 1996, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) issued the first ever Clean Air Act (CAA) guidance directed specifically at military facilities. The Guidance, titled Major Source Determinations for Military Installations under the Air Toxics, New Source Review and Title V Operating Permit Programs of the Clean Air Act, was negotiated by an EPA/DoD workgroup that included field and headquarters EPA and DoD representatives, and was led by the Navy. This paper describes the development and contents of the guidance and the significant legal and policy issues raised. By statute and rule, all sources under common control on contiguous or adjacent property and belonging to the same two digit Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) Code must be aggregated when determining if the source is a major source. DoD requested that EPA develop the guidance because of a move by EPA to impose a fenceline-to-fenceline interpretation of what constitutes a major source for purposes of the three programs identified above. Such an interpretation could and did result in more stringent regulation of industrial sources on military installations than of similar industrial plants. The guidance establishes EPA`s allowable interpretation of two of the three key elements of the major source definition. First, the guidance specifies that common control occurs at the military service level; therefore, sources belonging to the Army, Navy, Marine Corps, Air Force, the National Guard or a Defense Agency that are located on the same installation could each be treated separately. Second, the guidance allows the military to assign SIC codes to functional industrial groupings in a manner similar to the private sector. Past practice grouped all national defense activities under the same SIC code.

  7. Russian military in the year 2000. Master's thesis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McIlmail, J.F.; Jaworski, J.L.

    1992-12-01

    Through the use of content analysis, this paper attempts to paint a picture of the Russian military in the year 2000 and its impact on the US national security strategy. The research begins by defining the origin of Russian national security policy and how that translates into military policy and doctrine. A framework for evaluating Russian military doctrines is provided with a chronology of the military reform process and the related doctrinal reforms that has its birth in the 1987 announcement of a defensive-defense. Following from the doctrinal variant framework the new strategic missions of the 1992 draft military doctrine are presented with an analysis that shows they are a clear departure from the past and truly represent a defensive-defense type doctrine. Additionally, a comparison is made with the current military reform ongoing in Russia with the historical precedent of the Russian military reform of 1924-25. A rough outline of the separate branches of the Russian military both present and future is provided based on the ongoing trends in the reform process. This thumbnail sketch of the Russian military then assists in the analysis and conclusion that even after a possible 50% cutback in US military spending, in the year 2000 the Russian military will not pose a threat to US national security. The major caveat to this conclusion is in the realm of nuclear weapons and this issue is therefore discussed in some length....Former Soviet Union, Russia, Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), Conventional Forces in Europe treaty (CFE), European Security, New National Security Strategy, Nuclear Weapons, Nuclear Strategy.

  8. NEW HAMPSHIRE 4-H MILITARY PARTNERSHIP The Military 4-H Club Program is a component of the UNH Cooperative Extension 4-H Youth and Family Program.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New Hampshire, University of

    NEW HAMPSHIRE 4-H MILITARY PARTNERSHIP The Military 4-H Club Program is a component of the UNH-H member shows off her project with a smile! #12;NEW HAMPSHIRE MILITARY 4-H PARTNERSHIP PROGRAM · 4,139 New Hampshire youth age 18 and under living in military families, with 2,577 ages 6 through 18 · 221

  9. WILDLAND FIRE SERVICES CENTER FOR ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT OF MILITARY LANDS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    products and services to assist military land managers and range operations personnel in protecting against is already in place. Fire Management Planning CEMML provides high quality fire management planning adviceWILDLAND FIRE SERVICES CENTER FOR ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT OF MILITARY LANDS CEMML | 1490 Campus

  10. Detecting Inaccurate Response Patterns in Korean Military Personality Inventory: An Application of Item Response Theory 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hong, Seunghwa

    2013-07-27

    inaccurate responses results in the selection of inappropriate personnel or allows enlistment dodgers to avoid their military duty. This study conducted IRT-based person-fit analysis with the dichotomous military dataset in the Korean Military Personality...

  11. The Iranian Legacy in the 2011 Egyptian Revolution: Military Endurance and US Foreign Policy Priorities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alimagham, Pouya

    2013-01-01

    Egyptian military to power in Egypt and its proximity to thematter of the military’s power in Egypt highlights the corereal center of power in Egypt. ” Every Egyptian president

  12. Asymmetry of will : the effect of religious radicalism on state military doctrine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lewis, Patrick (Patrick Joseph)

    2012-01-01

    How is a state's military doctrine affected by the presence of radical religious ideology in its military? Using analysis of satellite imagery, recent military exercises, and a series of source interviews, I examine the ...

  13. A critical appraisal of Byzantine military strategy, 400 - 1000 A.D. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bacon, Peter Kirk

    1998-01-01

    Byzantine military strategy has been a neglected subject within the discipline of military history. For many years, examination of the military writings and the abilities of Byzantine commanders has been hampered by the ...

  14. Military implications of global warming. Strategy research project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Greene, P.E.

    1999-05-20

    The 1998 National Security Strategy repeatedly cites global environmental issues as key to the long-term security of the United States. Similarly, US environmental issues also have important global implications. This paper analyzes current US Policy as it pertains to global warming and climate change. It discusses related economic factors and environmental concerns. It assesses current White House policy as it relates to the US military. It reviews the Department of Defense strategy for energy conservation and reduction of greenhouse gases. Finally, it offers recommendations and options for military involvement to reduce global warming. Global warming and other environmental issues are important to the US military. As the United States leadership in environmental matters encourages global stability, the US military will be able to focus more on readiness and on military training and operations.

  15. Outlook of the Officers: Military Thought in Chile, 1960-1990

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bawden, John Richard

    2009-01-01

    national ideology. ECONOMIC OUTLOOK ‘Whether you like it orOF CALIFORNIA RIVERSIDE Outlook of the Officers: MilitaryOF THE DISSERTATION Outlook of the Officers: Military

  16. The military lens : doctrinal differences, misperception, and deterrence failure in Sino-American relations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Twomey, Christopher P

    2005-01-01

    Nations, because of their different strategic situations, histories, and military cultures can have dramatically different beliefs about the nature of effective military doctrine, strategy, and capabilities. This dissertation ...

  17. 17.950 Understanding Modern Military Operations, Spring 2005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cote, Owen R., 1960-

    A proper understanding of modern military operations requires a prior understanding of both the material side of war, including especially weapon, sensor, communication, and information processing technologies, and the ...

  18. 17.462 Innovation in Military Organizations, Spring 2001

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Posen, Barry

    Explores the origins, rate, and impact of innovations in military organizations, doctrine, and weapons. Emphasis on organization theory approaches. Comparisons with nonmilitary and non-US experience included. From the ...

  19. UNIT TYPE MILITARY PROVIDES IIT PROVIDES (Navy/Marines)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heller, Barbara

    UNIT TYPE MILITARY PROVIDES IIT PROVIDES Naval (Navy/Marines) 4 year­Type 1 Full tuition and fees. Room and board* for all 4 years. Navy (Must be currently enlisted personnel) STA-21 Seaman to Admiral

  20. Ukraine's Military Role in the Black Sea Region 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coffman, Amy Beth; Crump, James Andrew; Dickson, Robbi K.; Mueller, Meaghan; Pulis, Sarah L.

    2010-01-01

    Only Ukraine's civilian and military leadership can determine the best course of action Ukraine should undertake to secure the Black Sea region (BSR). By analyzing Ukraine's precarious security environment and assessing the current security...

  1. 17.952 Great Power Military Intervention, Spring 2004

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Posen, Barry

    The purpose of this seminar is to examine systematically, and comparatively, great and middle power military interventions into civil wars during the 1990's. These civil wars were high on the policy agenda of western states ...

  2. GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS CENTER FOR ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT OF MILITARY LANDS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS CENTER FOR ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT OF MILITARY LANDS CEMML | 1490@cemml.colostate.edu | http://www.cemml.colostate.edu A Geographic Information System (GIS) is a necessary tool for effective

  3. Shooting up : the impact of illicit economics on military conflict

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Felbab-Brown, Vanda

    2007-01-01

    The study explores the nexus between illicit economies and military conflicts. It investigates when and how access by belligerents to the production and trafficking of illicit substances affects the strength of belligerents ...

  4. Needs of Military Families: Family and Educator Perspectives

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Classen, Audra I.

    2014-08-31

    strengths and generates unique ideas for overcoming obstacles. This study suggests partnerships between the school leadership and military command could assist families with the challenges of relocation and deployment when they also have children...

  5. Report: U.S. Military Accelerates Deployment of Clean Energy...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    energy research partner for this report, 384 megawatts of installed renewable energy capacity are intalled on military facilities in mid-2013. By the end of 2018, it is estimated...

  6. Establishing a virtual manufacturing environment for military robots

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andersen, Ryan J. (Ryan John)

    2007-01-01

    Recent advances in the robotics industry have given the military an opportunity to capitalize on industry's innovation. Not only has core robotics technology improved but robotics manufacturing technology has also made ...

  7. Development Methodology for Power-Dense Military Diesel Engine

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Laboratory data and modeling results are presented on a military auxiliary power unit engine that has a peak efficiency of 35.3% at an output shaft power of 25 kW.

  8. First War Syndrome : military culture, professionalization, and counterinsurgency doctrine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Long, Austin G

    2010-01-01

    Counterinsurgency was a persistent and important challenge to military organizations in the second half of the 20th century and seems likely to continue to pose a challenge in the 21st century. This makes understanding how ...

  9. Poliheuristic Theory and Alliance Dependence: Understanding Military Coalitions 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Park, Joon Guan

    2012-07-16

    This dissertation examines an increasingly common phenomenon in the post-Cold War context, the military coalition. At the heart of the dissertation is thus the question: what explains political leaders’ participation and ...

  10. The occurrence of military coups in Latin America: some speculations 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cediel, Maria Cecilia Canals de

    1981-01-01

    THE OCCURRENCE OF MILITARY COUPS IN LATIN AMERICA: SOME SPECULATIONS A Thesis by MARIA CECILIA CANALS DE CEDIEL Submitted to the Graduate Colleqe of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER... OF ARTS Mav 1981 Major Subiect: Political Science THE OCCURRENCE OF MILITARY COUPS IN LATIN AMERICA: SOME SPECULATIONS A Thesis by MARIA CECILIA CANALS DE CEDIEL Approved as to sty1e and content by: (Chairman of Committee) / (Member) (Member...

  11. Organization charts of the Haitian judiciary and military

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1995-01-01

    Occasional Paper N° 9 Organization Charts of the Haitian Judiciary and Military Institute of Haitian Studies University of Kansas Occasional Paper N° 9 Bryant C. Freeman, Ph.D. General Editor Organization Charts of the Haitian Judiciary... Tel.: (913) 864-4431 Occasional Paper N° 9 May 1995 ORGANIZATION CHARTS OF THE HAITIAN JUDICIARY AND MILITARY This is the ninth in a series of documents concerning Haiti to be made more readily available through the University of Kansas Institute...

  12. Promoting Behavior-Based Energy Efficiency in Military Housing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    AH McMakin; EL Malone; RE Lundgren

    1999-09-07

    The U.S. Department of Energy's Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) helps agencies reduce the cost of doing business through energy efficiency, water conservation, and the use of solar and other renewable energy. As a large energy user, the U.S. military has been one of the government sectors of focus. Several military installations have shown substantial energy savings in past years. Most of these efficiency projects, however, have focused primarily on physical upgrades, technologies, and purchasing habits. Furthermost projects have focused on administrative and operational areas of energy use. Military residential housing, in particular, has received little formal attention for energy efficiency involving behaviors of the residents themselves. Behavior-based change is a challenging, but potentially fruitful area for energy conservation programs. However, behavioral change involves links with values, social networks and organizations, and new ways of thinking about living patterns. This handbook attempts to fill a gap by offering guidance for promoting such efforts.

  13. Fourth Generation Nuclear Weapons: Military effectiveness and collateral effects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gsponer, A

    2005-01-01

    The paper begins with a general introduction and update to Fourth Generation Nuclear Weapons (FGNW), and then addresses some particularly important military aspects on which there has been only limited public discussion so far. These aspects concern the unique military characteristics of FGNWs which make them radically different from both nuclear weapons based on previous-generation nuclear-explosives and from conventional weapons based on chemical-explosives: yields in the 1 to 100 tons range, greatly enhanced coupling to targets, possibility to drive powerful shaped charged jets and forged fragments, enhanced prompt radiation effects, reduced collateral damage and residual radioactivity, etc.

  14. Ecological Risk Assessment Framework for Low-Altitude Overflights by Fixed-Wing and Rotary-Wing Military Aircraft

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Efroymson, R.A.

    2001-01-12

    This is a companion report to the risk assessment framework proposed by Suter et al. (1998): ''A Framework for Assessment of Risks of Military Training and Testing to Natural Resources,'' hereafter referred to as the ''generic framework.'' The generic framework is an ecological risk assessment methodology for use in environmental assessments on Department of Defense (DoD) installations. In the generic framework, the ecological risk assessment framework of the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA 1998) is modified for use in the context of (1) multiple and diverse stressors and activities at a military installation and (2) risks resulting from causal chains, e.g., effects on habitat that indirectly impact wildlife. Both modifications are important if the EPA framework is to be used on military installations. In order for the generic risk assessment framework to be useful to DoD environmental staff and contractors, the framework must be applied to specific training and testing activities. Three activity-specific ecological risk assessment frameworks have been written (1) to aid environmental staff in conducting risk assessments that involve these activities and (2) to guide staff in the development of analogous frameworks for other DoD activities. The three activities are: (1) low-altitude overflights by fixed-wing and rotary-wing aircraft (this volume), (2) firing at targets on land, and (3) ocean explosions. The activities were selected as priority training and testing activities by the advisory committee for this project.

  15. Synchronization of system-of-systems interfaces in military satellite communications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davis, Mark J. (Mark Jeffrey)

    2008-01-01

    Military systems continue to become more complex and nearly all are now part of one or more system of systems (SoS). Military satellite communications programs have expanded over the last decade from three distinct satellite ...

  16. A Survey of NASA and Military Standards on Fault Tolerance and Reliability Applied to Robotics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rice University - Center for Cooperative Autonomous Robots for Hazardous Environments

    A Survey of NASA and Military Standards on Fault Tolerance and Reliability Applied to Robotics of relevant Military and NASA standards for reliability and fault toler­ ance is included. 1 Introduction

  17. Essays on regional and firm-level productivity, military spending, and technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goudie, Bryan Daniel

    2008-01-01

    Oil Shocks, Military Spending, and Other Driving Forces”, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, International FinanceOil Shocks, Military Spending, and other Driving Forces”, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, International Finance

  18. Active Duty Military Tuition Waiver UNIVERSITY OF NEW MEXICO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New Mexico, University of

    Active Duty Military Tuition Waiver UNIVERSITY OF NEW MEXICO SEMESTER: __________ YEAR of the (DUTY STATION) State of New Mexico. This active duty assignment is for the period from _______________________________________________________ ORGANIZATION Return waiver to: The University of New Mexico Division of Enrollment Management Office

  19. Targeting Net Zero Energy for Military Installations (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Burman, K.

    2012-05-01

    Targeting Net Zero Energy for Military Installations in Kaneohe Bay, Hawaii. A net zero energy installation (NZEI) is one that produces as much energy from on-site renewable sources as it consumes. NZEI assessment provides a systematic approach to energy projects.

  20. Inter-Korean military confidence building after 2003.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tae-woo, Kim (Korea Institute for Defense Analyses, Seoul, Republic of Korea); Littlefield, Adriane C.; Vannoni, Michael Geoffrey; Sang-beom, Kim (Korea Institute for Defense Analyses, Seoul, Republic of Korea); Koelm, Jennifer Gay; Olsen, John Norman; Myong-jin, Kim (Korea Institute for Defense Analyses, Seoul, Republic of Korea); Sung-tack, Shin (Korea Institute for Defense Analyses, Seoul, Republic of Korea)

    2003-08-01

    Tensions on the Korean Peninsula remain high despite a long-term strategy by South Korea to increase inter-Korean exchanges in economics, culture, sports, and other topics. This is because the process of reconciliation has rarely extended to military and security topics and those initiatives that were negotiated have been ineffective. Bilateral interactions must include actions to reduce threats and improve confidence associated with conventional military forces (land, sea, and air) as well as nuclear, chemical, and biological activities that are applicable to developing and producing weapons of mass destruction (WMD). The purpose of this project is to develop concepts for inter-Korean confidence building measures (CBMs) for military and WMD topics that South Korea could propose to the North when conditions are right. This report describes the historical and policy context for developing security-related CBMs and presents an array of bilateral options for conventional military and WMD topics within a consistent framework. The conceptual CBMs address two scenarios: (1) improved relations where construction of a peace regime becomes a full agenda item in inter-Korean dialogue, and (2) continued tense inter-Korean relations. Some measures could be proposed in the short term under current conditions, others might be implemented in a series of steps, while some require a higher level of cooperation than currently exists. To support decision making by political leaders, this research focuses on strategies and policy options and does not include technical details.

  1. forEnvironmentalManagementofMilitaryLands Guide to Sampling Soil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    forEnvironmentalManagementofMilitaryLands Guide to Sampling Soil Compaction Using Hand-Held Soil Fort Collins, CO 80523-1490 January 2004 #12;#12;1 Guide to Sampling Soil Compaction Using Hand-Held Soil Penetrometers1 Prepared by Dave Jones and Matt Kunze Center for Environmental Management

  2. Royal Military College of Canada Collge militaire royal du Canada

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fletcher, Robin

    to study the toxicity of diluted bitumen in fish At the 2012-13 National Energy Board hearings to reviewRoyal Military College of Canada · Collège militaire royal du Canada Position for a Master student, Biotechnology, Biochemistry, Chemistry, or in any other program that is relevant to the proposed research

  3. Quis Custodiet Ipsos Custodes? Civilian Control over the Military

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    a distaste for power, maintaining the integrity of civilian rule. However, subsequent history suggests centuries Latin American countries such as Ar- gentina, Brazil, Chile and Peru were run for long periods powerful the military, the greater the threat it would be to civilian governments. Yet, in fact

  4. 2013 NASFAA 1 Military and Veterans Tips Tip Sheet for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and will be starting college soon. My dad, an Army officer, died in Iraq in 2007. I just filed a FAFSA on the Web programs for students like me? Yes. You may be eligible to receive an Iraq and Afghanistan Service Grant your parent or guardian died as a result of military service in Iraq or Afghanistan after 9/11/01 while

  5. ENVIRONMENTAL COMPLIANCE SERVICES CENTER FOR ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT OF MILITARY LANDS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ENVIRONMENTAL COMPLIANCE SERVICES CENTER FOR ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT OF MILITARY LANDS CEMML@cemml.colostate.edu | http://www.cemml.colostate.edu Environmental compliance and pollution prevention are critical aspects of any successful environmental program. The Center provides technical support in these key areas. CEMML

  6. Swords into plowshares: Military geology and national security projects

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Neal, J.T.

    1994-12-31

    Military geology and national security projects are often comparable, achieving their rai-son d`etre in support of national goals, military operations, and/or systems-all for vital national interests. The application of Geoscience to these ends, especially engineering geology, has occurred from pole to pole and included every conceivable environment and natural condition. In the conduct of such projects, the Geosciences have advanced, and vice versa. Desert trafficability, most notably regarding playa surfaces, is both temporary and variable and not a persistent condition as some early authors believed. Playas in Australia, Iran, and the US show that saline efflorescence is removed following surface water dissolution and subsequent deflation, resulting in very hard crusts. Magadiite, a hydrous sodium silicate and possible precursor of bedded chert, was first discovered in North America at Alkali Lake, OR, during a military project. Pleistocene Lake Trinity, a small and mostly buried evaporate basin in the northern Jornada del Muerto, NM, was discovered during exploratory drilling in support of a military test program.

  7. "The Second American School of Arms": the Virginia Military Institute and the advent of state military education, 1835-1851 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wineman, Bradford Alexander

    2001-01-01

    with other early narrative histories such as Jennings Wise's Milit Histo of VMI from 1839 and Superintendent Francis H. Smith's Histo of the Vir 'a Militar Institute, are all hindered by personal biases that often interrupt their narratives to exalt... years later. Chapter Three traces VMI's development from an abstract proposal initiated by the local townspeople to a fully functioning military academy. The Institute's three founders, J. T. L. Preston, Colonel Claudius Crozet, and Francis H. Smith...

  8. The cooperative monitoring of military forces: An exercise in strategy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1998-04-01

    This exercise examines a hypothetical security problem associated with conventional military forces and border security: a surprise attack. The goal of the exercise is to provide an opportunity to think about how cooperative monitoring can be part of regional security. Two hypothetical countries, VOLCANOES and MOUNTAINS, have been created for this exercise based on the US states of Arizona and New Mexico. They were selected for their size and variety of terrain. Hypothetical background information and characteristics of the two countries are provided. An outline of activities is given, including prioritization of security concerns and monitoring of objectives for security concerns. 6 tabs.

  9. Military students access top R&D

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformationJessework uses concrete7 Assessment ofLana7, atScienceWasteMilitary students

  10. Essays on regional and firm-level productivity, military spending, and technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goudie, Bryan Daniel

    2008-01-01

    than small companies to a military prime contract award.However, these contracts make up a very small fraction ofaside contracts are competitive, but only certified small

  11. Behavioral representation of military tactics for single-vehicle autonomous rotorcraft via statecharts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hickie, Mark M

    2005-01-01

    Over the past several years, aerospace companies have developed unmanned helicopters suitable for integration into military operations as reconnaissance platforms. These rotorcraft, however, require ground-based human ...

  12. Power Triangle: Military, Security, and Politics in the Shaping of the Egyptian, Iranian, and Turkish Regimes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kandil, Hazem Khaled

    2012-01-01

    on the Liquidation of Feudalism),” in Al-Tali’ah 3 (3): 124-economic enticements. Under feudalism, military commandersafter eradicating feudalism and manipulative capitalism,

  13. Understanding Military Innovation: Chinese Defense S&T in Historical and Theoretical Perspective

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mahnken, Thomas G

    2010-01-01

    ABILITY TO DETECT INNOVATION There are several additionaland recog- nize Chinese innovation. These include: Thomas G.Understanding Military Innovation: Chinese Defense S&T in

  14. Unproven screening devices threaten the lives of police and military.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Murray, Dale W.

    2010-07-01

    In a world plagued with improvised explosive devices, drugs and dangerous people, the desire to field technology to protect our police and military is providing a fertile market for the proliferation of protection technologies that range from the unproven to the disproven. The market place is currently being flooded with detection equipment making inflated and inaccurate marketing claims of high reliably, high detection probabilities, and ease of operation - all while offering detection capabilities at safe distances. The manufacturers of these devices have found a willing global marketplace, which includes some of the most dangerous places in the world. Despite a wealth of contradictory performance and testing data available on the Internet, sales of these devices remain brisk and profitable. Rather than enhancing the security of police and military personnel, the reliance on these unproven and disproven devices is creating a sense of false security that is actually lowering the safety of front-line forces in places like Iraq and Afghanistan. This paper addresses the development and distribution history of some of these devices and describes the testing performed by Sandia National Laboratories in Albuquerque, and other reputable testing agencies that illustrate the real danger in using this kind of unproven technology.

  15. Assessing the impacts of military vehicle traffic on natural areas. Introduction to the special

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fehmi, Jeffrey S.

    Assessing the impacts of military vehicle traffic on natural areas. Introduction to the special issue and review of the relevant military vehicle impact literature Alan B. Anderson a,*, Antonio J, and the International Society for Terrain-Vehicle Systems cosponsored a symposium titled ``Assessing the Impacts

  16. Center for Ecological Management of Military Lands 1 LCTA Relational Database

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Center for Ecological Management of Military Lands 1 LCTA Relational Database Center for Ecological Management of Military Lands No. 5 - 1997 The LCTA data is stored in a relational database, currently SQLBase from Gupta Technologies Inc. To the inexperienced user the LCTA database can seem very complex with 45

  17. License for Non-Military Software Implementations of OCB January 10, 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rogaway, Phillip

    License for Non-Military Software Implementations of OCB January 10, 2013 1 Definitions 1.1 "Licensor" means Phillip Rogaway. 1.2 "Licensed Patents" means any patent that claims priority to United invention claimed in the Licensed Patents. 1.4 "Military Use" means any Use by, in cooperation with

  18. Center for Ecological Management of Military Lands 1 Loading Handheld Data Files

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Center for Ecological Management of Military Lands 1 Loading Handheld Data Files Understanding the Process Center for Ecological Management of Military Lands No. 10 - 1998 The purpose of this document Data File Requirements Three criteria are checked by the loading program before the import process

  19. Center for Ecological Management of Military Lands 1 Loading Data from Mixed Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Center for Ecological Management of Military Lands 1 Loading Data from Mixed Data Collection Techniques Center for Ecological Management of Military Lands No. 7 - 1997 Currently the LCTA data logger has, for example, plot 1 will have an additional file marked as 301. Follow the procedures below to load the data

  20. ENVIRONMENTAL PLANNING / NEPA SERVICES CENTER FOR ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT OF MILITARY LANDS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ENVIRONMENTAL PLANNING / NEPA SERVICES CENTER FOR ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT OF MILITARY LANDS CEMML@cemml.colostate.edu | http://www.cemml.colostate.edu Effective environmental planning and management of military and testing. The Center develops environmental planning documents for installations to incorporate

  1. Application of discrete event simulation techniques for prioritization of U.S. Air Force Military Family Housing Projects 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krukenberg, Harry J.

    1996-01-01

    This study, through the use of discrete event simulation and modeling, explores various prioritization disciplines for U.S. Air Force Military Family Housing maintenance, repair, and renovation projects. Actual data from the Military Family Housing...

  2. The weight of an assassin's mace : vulnerabilities in the US military's satellite communications and China's information warfare threat

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brooks, Benjamin M

    2005-01-01

    Believing that an information Revolution of Military Affairs has occurred, the US military is currently transforming to achieve dominance over the full spectrum of deployment scenarios with a lighter, more mobile, and more ...

  3. A public work in progress: Incorporating energy efficiency into guide specifications for new federal construction

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Morehouse, Tom; Mauritz, Donald; Shugars, John

    2002-05-17

    Guide specifications, the templates from which individual building project specifications are developed, should require energy efficient products and design. Incorporating energy efficiency requirements into guide specification for building envelopes, mechanical and electrical equipment, and installed special purpose equipment can result in substantial long term reductions in energy consumption and operating cost for federal facilities. This presentation builds on the concepts introduced in a previous Summer Study paper on integrating efficiency requirements into guide specifications (Coleman 2000). The authors address current efforts to incorporate energy efficiency recommendations into the Department of Defense (DOD) Unified Facilities Criteria (UFC) and Uni fied Facilities Guide Specification (UFGS) (DOD 2002). This initiative unifies guide specifications of the military services and those of other federal agencies. An example of the impact guide specifications have on military housing is presented along with a brief discussion of other efficiency standards and programs. The paper concludes by suggesting actions federal agencies can take to facilitate this process.

  4. UNIT COSTS fot ARMY FACILITIES -MILITARY CONSTRUCTION PAX NEWSLETTER NO. 3.2.2, dated 30 Mar 2006

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    ENGLISH UNIT COSTS fot ARMY FACILITIES - MILITARY CONSTRUCTION PAX NEWSLETTER NO. 3.2.2, dated 30-Service Military Construction Program (MCP) Index, and Table 1, Size Adjustment Factors, contained in TM 5-800-4, Programming Cost Estimates for Military Construction, dated May 1994. It may be used as a guide

  5. Sale of US military aircraft to Saudi Arabia. Master`s thesis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bents, E.R.

    1995-05-01

    The end of the Cold War in the late 1980s resulted in a gigantic downsizing and consolidation of America`s defense industries, as domestic demand plummeted and the volume of international arms trading fell. However, in total world arms exports the United States exports more arms than any other nation. The country of Saudi Arabia has been the destination of a disproportionate amount of these weapons. The following account is an examination of the US military aerospace industry, the world military aerospace market, US government policy concerning arms exports, and the Saudi aerospace market. Each of these entities profoundly impacts US-Saudi military aerospace commerce. By individually analyzing the above factors, it will be demonstrated that the supply relationship between the US and Saudi Arabia is dependent on the convergence of several long standing and deep seated aspirations on the part of the three major players: the US Aerospace Industry, the US Government, and the Saudi Government. The US military aerospace industry`s exports are critical to ensure its independent survival, help fund crucial RD programs, and maintain a viable defense high tech industrial base in the U.S. In addition, it wishes to exert a military presence in the Gulf area and nurture relations with Saudi Arabia in particular, as the world`s leading oil producer. The Saudi government requires a military defense anchored in high tech aerospace systems, as well as a dependable and capable military ally such as the US.

  6. Any Base USA: The Significance of Military Culture in the Construction of Identity 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Girard, Jessica Nichole

    2014-05-02

    if they are enrolled full time in a university or college. Military children- Children who are living with their active duty military parent at the parent’s current duty station. Emerging adulthood is a time when individuals have left the dependency of childhood... and adolescence, but have not yet entered the enduring responsibilities that are normative of adulthood (Arnett 2000). Deployment- This is the period when the active duty service member is away from the family due to military obligations PCS- Permanent Change...

  7. Energy efficiency in military housing: Monitoring to support revitalization guidebook

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Levins, W.P.; Ternes, M.P.

    1994-11-01

    Oak Ridge National Laboratory is working with the US Army, the US Air Force, and the US Department of Energy to develop a guidebook to be used by architectural and engineering firms in the design phases of military family housing revitalization projects. The purpose of the guidebook is to ensure that energy efficiency is properly addressed in revitalization projects. Monitoring space-heating and cooling energy used in houses both before and after they are revitalized is necessary in order to assess the amount of energy saved by the revitalization process. Three different methods of conducting monitoring experiments are discussed, as well as the methods of data analysis to be used. Houses will be monitored individually using standard gas and electric meters to obtain heating and cooling data for the houses. The authors recommend conducting monitoring programs at Altus Air Force Base, Oklahoma, and Fort Monmouth, New Jersey, because of their project schedules and potential for savings. They do not recommend doing any monitoring at Malmstrom Air Force Base, Montana, because of the relatively small savings that they expect revitalization to accomplish there. They do not recommend seeking out alternative sites for monitoring because of the time required to become familiar with the installation and also because revitalization schedules at alternative sites may be no better than those at the sites they inspected.

  8. Corrosion investigation of coatings for surface protection of military hardware

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lindsey, N.; Vasanth, K.L.

    1996-10-01

    A product improvement program (PIP) for the surface finish of some steel military hardware has been recently initiated by the Navy. Presently the metal cleaning methods, interior and exterior surface finishes and corrosion protection requirements for such hardware are specified in MIL-P-18948. The coated hardware are stored in a warehouse structure for long durations. Because these storage places are not environmentally controlled (that is, no temperature or humidity control) the corrosion protection has not been adequate. The exterior surfaces of the hardware are coated with a corrosion inhibiting alkyd primer coating (TT-P-664) or a rust inhibiting lacquer primer coating (MIL-P-11414) to a thickness of 0.4 to 0.6 mils. The exterior color paint, (MIL-E-52891 or MIL-P11195), is applied to a thickness of 1.5 mils. The investigation of various coatings to replace the present system is an ongoing effort. The coatings have been examined from a corrosion protection vantage point and results have been correlated. The coatings were evaluated by exposing them to natural marine atmosphere and seawater wetdown tests. The coatings were also exposed to a 5.0% sodium chloride solution in a laboratory environmental salt fog chamber for 500 hours. Selected coatings were examined using Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy (EIS). The results obtained from field tests, salt fog, and EIS measurements are discussed.

  9. 17.953 U.S. Military Budget and Force Planning, Fall 2004

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams, Cindy

    The United States is spending about $400 billion this year on national defense, some $40 billion on homeland security, and $85 billion on military operations and nation-building in Iraq and Afghanistan. This course is for ...

  10. Center for Environmental Management of Military Lands (970) 491-2748 cemml@cemml.colostate.edu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to provide training realism while minimizing risk to natural and cultural resources. Damage repair and Reconfiguration CEMML staff work closely with military trainers and installation staff to reconfigure training

  11. Politicized armies, militarized politics : civil-military relations in Turkey and Greece

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liaras, Evangelos

    2007-01-01

    Despite their common Ottoman heritage, Greece and Turkey have diverged widely in their modem history of civil-military relations. The armed forces have a long record of intervention in both countries, but there is a crucial ...

  12. Post-Traumatic Stress Innovations: U.S. Military Enterprise Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nightingale, Deborah

    2011-01-26

    This presentation covers the analysis of policy formulation in the U.S. Military health enterprise, the process for feedback between research and care delivery, and the enterprise interview for current state analysis.

  13. Puritan Military Justice: American War Crimes and the Global War on Terrorism 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lorenzo, Ronald

    2012-07-16

    Exploring Puritanical cultural habits in the 21st century American military, the following study focuses on U.S. Army courts-martial in the Global War on Terrorism. The study uses Emile Durkheim's original sociological ...

  14. Implementing technical transitions through schedule-based policy : insights from the Military's Airborne Tactical Network

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rohrbach, Amanda K. (Amanda Kaye)

    2013-01-01

    Due to a need for congestion relief, as well as a projected increase in capacity constraints, the US Military's Airborne Tactical Network (ATN) is at the onset of a technical transition of their communication hardware and ...

  15. Regime legitimacy and military resilience : lessons from World War II and Yugoslavia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Russell, Jacob Hale

    2008-01-01

    This thesis argues that regime legitimacy creates military resilience. A regime is legitimate when its constituents believe-whether because of ideological solidarity, patriotism, nationalism, or good governance-that a ...

  16. Borderland Intimacies: GIs, Koreans, and American Military Landscapes in Cold War Korea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hwang, Whitney Taejin

    2010-01-01

    1994. Fischer, Hannah. “American War and Military OperationsThe Origins of the Korean War: Liberation and the EmergenceThe Origins of the Korean War: The Roaring of the Cataracts,

  17. ErikaCheck,Washington Scientists at a military medical facility in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ErikaCheck,Washington Scientists at a military medical facility in Washington DC have lashed out on the campus of the Walter Reed Army Medical Center and at several smaller facilities in the Washington area

  18. Outlook of the Officers: Military Thought in Chile, 1960-1990

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bawden, John Richard

    2009-01-01

    balance of power strongly favored Peru and Argentina. Thismilitary balance of power in favor of Peru and Argentina andBrazil, Argentina, and Peru’ s militaries seized power from

  19. A comparative study of the life satisfaction of early retirement military officers 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Graves, Russ Thomas

    2005-11-01

    This study compared the life satisfaction of early retirement military officers with several comparison groups on the basis of Retirement Descriptive Index (RDI) scale scores. The RDI is a self-report instrument that ...

  20. Military Voting and the Law: Procedural and Technological Solutions to the Ballot Transit Problem

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alvarez, R. Michael

    2007-03-08

    During the 2000 presidential election controversy in Florida, the ballots submitted by individuals living overseas—especially military voters—were seen as crucial to the election outcome as the margin of potential victory ...

  1. The Legal-Military Dilemma in the Response to International Terrorism 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Allan, Matthew W.

    2010-07-14

    of Department, James Rogers December 2009 Major Subject: Political Science iii ABSTRACT The Legal-Military Dilemma in the Response to International Terrorism. (December 2009) Matthew Wesley Allan, B.A., Carleton College; J.D., The University...

  2. Center for Environmental Management of Military Lands (970) 491-2748 cemml@cemml.colostate.edu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , and frequency · Woody plant density and basal area · Plant productivity · Disturbance and land uses, disturbance, soil erosion, and wildlife on military installations as part of the Land Condition-Trend Analysis

  3. EA-1606: Proposed Use of Savannah River Site Lands for Military Training, South Carolina

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This EA evaluates the environmental impacts of a proposal for the Department of Defense and Department of Homeland Security to use the Savannah River Site, near Aiken, South Carolina, for military training purposes.

  4. Francis H. Smith: architect of antebellum southern military schools and educational reform 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wineman, Bradford Alexander

    2006-10-30

    This study examines the historical significance of the Virginia Military Institute�s (VMI) first superintendent, Francis Henney Smith, and his influence not only at his home institution but also on his broader social, educational, and political...

  5. EM Employee Serves Military in Afghanistan, Manages $5.8 Billion Army Task Order

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    BAGRAM AIRFIELD, Afghanistan – EM employee James Hawkins is currently serving the U.S. military in Afghanistan, where he is administering a $5.8 billion task order for the Army.

  6. A review of "English Military News Pamphlets, 1513-1637" by David Randall 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greenspan, Nicole

    2013-01-01

    , and the importance of pursuing the con?ict. In turn, each of these characteristics was tied to contemporary conceptions of truth and credibility. ?e collection comprises a total of ?fteen texts spanning the years ???? to ? ??. It begins with two pamphlets... on Anglo-Scottish military con?icts during the reign of Henry VIII. ?e ?rst, Hereafter ensue the trewe encountre, is the earliest extant printed military news pamphlet and treats the battle of Flodden Field in ????. ?e second pamphlet, published...

  7. Military Construction Appropriations and Emergency Hurricane Supplemental Appropriations Act, 2005 (released in AEO2005)

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2005-01-01

    H.R. 4837, The Military Construction Appropriations and Emergency Hurricane Supplemental Appropriations Act, 2005, was signed into law on October 13, 2004. The Act provides for construction to support the operations of the U.S. Armed Forces and for military family housing. It also provides funds to help citizens in Florida and elsewhere in the aftermath of multiple hurricanes and other natural disasters. In addition, it authorizes construction of an Alaska Natural Gas Pipeline.

  8. Acting alone: U.S. unilateral uses of force, military revolutions, and hegemonic stability theory 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Podliska, Bradley Florian

    2009-06-02

    -1 ACTING ALONE: U.S. UNILATERAL USES OF FORCE, MILITARY REVOLUTIONS, AND HEGEMONIC STABILITY THEORY A Dissertation by BRADLEY FLORIAN PODLISKA Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment... of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY August 2007 Major Subject: Political Science ACTING ALONE: U.S. UNILATERAL USES OF FORCE, MILITARY REVOLUTIONS, AND HEGEMONIC STABILITY THEORY A Dissertation...

  9. Net Zero Energy Military Installations: A Guide to Assessment...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    for each installation is strongly site-specific, and may be identified using an optimization approach. Other nonrenewable load reduction projects (examples include co-...

  10. A Comprehensive Program for Measurement of Military Aircraft Emissions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cheng, Mengdawn

    2009-11-01

    Emissions of gases and particulate matter by military aircraft were characterized inplume by 'extractive' and 'optical remote-sensing (ORS)' technologies. Non-volatile particle size distribution, number and mass concentrations were measured with good precision and reproducibly. Time-integrated particulate filter samples were collected and analyzed for smoke number, elemental composition, carbon contents, and sulfate. Observed at EEP the geometric mean diameter (as measured by the mobility diameter) generally increased as the engine power setting increased, which is consistent with downstream observations. The modal diameters at the downstream locations are larger than that at EEP at the same engine power level. The results indicate that engine particles were processed by condensation, for example, leading to particle growth in-plume. Elemental analysis indicated little metals were present in the exhaust, while most of the exhaust materials in the particulate phase were carbon and sulfate (in the JP-8 fuel). CO, CO{sub 2}, NO, NO{sub 2}, SO{sub 2}, HCHO, ethylene, acetylene, propylene, and alkanes were measured. The last five species were most noticeable under engine idle condition. The levels of hydrocarbons emitted at high engine power level were generally below the detection limits. ORS techniques yielded real-time gaseous measurement, but the same techniques could not be extended directly to ultrafine particles found in all engine exhausts. The results validated sampling methodology and measurement techniques used for non-volatile particulate aircraft emissions, which also highlighted the needs for further research on sampling and measurement for volatile particulate matter and semi-volatile species in the engine exhaust especially at the low engine power setting.

  11. Protein and microRNA biomarkers from lavage, urine, and serum in military personnel evaluated for dyspnea

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brown, Joseph N. [Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Brewer, Heather M. [Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Nicora, Carrie D. [Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Weitz, Karl K. [Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Morris, Michael J. [San Antonio Military Medical Center, San Antonio, TX (United States); Skabelund, Andrew J. [San Antonio Military Medical Center, San Antonio, TX (United States); Adkins, Joshua N. [Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Smith, Richard D. [Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Cho, Ji -Hoon [Institute for Systems Biology, Seattle, WA (United States); Gelinas, Richard [Institute for Systems Biology, Seattle, WA (United States)

    2014-10-05

    Background: We have identified candidate protein and microRNA (miRNA) biomarkers for dyspnea by studying serum, lavage fluid, and urine from military personnel who reported serious respiratory symptoms after they were deployed to Iraq or Afghanistan. Methods: Forty-seven soldiers with the complaint of dyspnea who enrolled in the STudy of Active Duty Military Personnel for Environmental Dust Exposure (STAMPEDE) underwent comprehensive pulmonary evaluations at the San Antonio Military Medical Center. The evaluation included fiber-optic bronchoscopy with bronchoalveolar lavage. The clinical findings from the STAMPEDE subjects pointed to seven general underlying diagnoses or findings including airway hyperreactivity, asthma, low diffusivity of carbon monoxide, and abnormal cell counts. The largest category was undiagnosed. As an exploratory study, not a classification study, we profiled proteins or miRNAs in lavage fluid, serum, or urine in this group to look for any underlying molecular patterns that might lead to biomarkers. Proteins in lavage fluid and urine were identified by accurate mass tag (database-driven) proteomics methods while miRNAs were profiled by a hybridization assay applied to serum, urine, and lavage fluid. Results: Over seventy differentially expressed proteins were reliably identified both from lavage and from urine in forty-eight dyspnea subjects compared to fifteen controls with no known lung disorder. Six of these proteins were detected both in urine and lavage. One group of subjects was distinguished from controls by expressing a characteristic group of proteins. A related group of dyspnea subjects expressed a unique group of miRNAs that included one miRNA that was differentially overexpressed in all three fluids studied. The levels of several miRNAs also showed modest but direct associations with several standard clinical measures of lung health such as forced vital capacity or gas exchange efficiency. Conclusions: Candidate proteins and miRNAs associated with the general diagnosis of dyspnea have been identified in subjects with differing medical diagnoses. Since these markers can be measured in readily obtained clinical samples, further studies are possible that test the value of these findings in more formal classification or case–control studies in much larger cohorts of subjects with specific lung diseases such as asthma, emphysema, or some other well-defined lung disease.

  12. Protein and microRNA biomarkers from lavage, urine, and serum in military personnel evaluated for dyspnea

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Brown, Joseph N.; Brewer, Heather M.; Nicora, Carrie D.; Weitz, Karl K.; Morris, Michael J.; Skabelund, Andrew J.; Adkins, Joshua N.; Smith, Richard D.; Cho, Ji -Hoon; Gelinas, Richard

    2014-10-05

    Background: We have identified candidate protein and microRNA (miRNA) biomarkers for dyspnea by studying serum, lavage fluid, and urine from military personnel who reported serious respiratory symptoms after they were deployed to Iraq or Afghanistan. Methods: Forty-seven soldiers with the complaint of dyspnea who enrolled in the STudy of Active Duty Military Personnel for Environmental Dust Exposure (STAMPEDE) underwent comprehensive pulmonary evaluations at the San Antonio Military Medical Center. The evaluation included fiber-optic bronchoscopy with bronchoalveolar lavage. The clinical findings from the STAMPEDE subjects pointed to seven general underlying diagnoses or findings including airway hyperreactivity, asthma, low diffusivity of carbonmore »monoxide, and abnormal cell counts. The largest category was undiagnosed. As an exploratory study, not a classification study, we profiled proteins or miRNAs in lavage fluid, serum, or urine in this group to look for any underlying molecular patterns that might lead to biomarkers. Proteins in lavage fluid and urine were identified by accurate mass tag (database-driven) proteomics methods while miRNAs were profiled by a hybridization assay applied to serum, urine, and lavage fluid. Results: Over seventy differentially expressed proteins were reliably identified both from lavage and from urine in forty-eight dyspnea subjects compared to fifteen controls with no known lung disorder. Six of these proteins were detected both in urine and lavage. One group of subjects was distinguished from controls by expressing a characteristic group of proteins. A related group of dyspnea subjects expressed a unique group of miRNAs that included one miRNA that was differentially overexpressed in all three fluids studied. The levels of several miRNAs also showed modest but direct associations with several standard clinical measures of lung health such as forced vital capacity or gas exchange efficiency. Conclusions: Candidate proteins and miRNAs associated with the general diagnosis of dyspnea have been identified in subjects with differing medical diagnoses. Since these markers can be measured in readily obtained clinical samples, further studies are possible that test the value of these findings in more formal classification or case–control studies in much larger cohorts of subjects with specific lung diseases such as asthma, emphysema, or some other well-defined lung disease.« less

  13. New HampsHire 4-H partNersHip militaRY 4-h ClUB

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New Hampshire, University of

    New HampsHire 4-H partNersHip militaRY 4-h ClUB 2012 aNNual report The Military 4-H Club Program of 4-H programs in New Hampshire as well as targeted military youth and family programs · BUild o rockingham 655 strafford 395 sullivan 90 Total Youth Ages 5-18 3020 · 5,433 New Hampshire youth living

  14. Gays and Lesbians at War: Military Service in Iraq and Afghanistan Under “Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell”

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frank, Nathaniel

    2004-01-01

    AT WAR: MILITARY SERVICE IN IRAQ AND AFGHANISTAN UNDER “DON’wars in Afghanistan and Iraq. Despite widespread knowledgeused before sites in Iraq and Afghanistan were improved, as

  15. Heating System Specification Specification of Heating System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Day, Nancy

    Appendix A Heating System Specification /* Specification of Heating System (loosely based */ requestHeat : Room ­? bool; 306 #12; APPENDIX A. HEATING SYSTEM SPECIFICATION 307 /* user inputs */ living --- HEATERâ??ACTIVE --- ACTIVATINGâ??HEATER --- HEATERâ??RUNNING ; #12; APPENDIX A. HEATING SYSTEM SPECIFICATION

  16. An overview of the sustainability of solid waste management at military installations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Borglin, S.; Shore, J.; Worden, H.; Jain, R.

    2009-08-15

    Sustainable municipal solid waste management at military solutions necessitates a combined approach that includes waste reduction, alternative disposal techniques, and increased recycling. Military installations are unique because they often represent large employers in the region in which they are located, thereby making any practices they employ impact overall waste management strategies of the region. Solutions for waste sustainability will be dependent on operational directives and base location, availability of resources such as water and energy, and size of population. Presented in this paper are descriptions of available waste strategies that can be used to support sustainable waste management. Results presented indicate source reduction and recycling to be the most sustainable solutions. However, new waste-to-energy plants and composting have potential to improve on these well proven techniques and allow military installations to achieve sustainable waste management.

  17. Net Zero Energy Military Installations: A Guide to Assessment and Planning

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Booth, S.; Barnett, J.; Burman, K.; Hambrick, J.; Westby, R.

    2010-08-01

    The U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) recognizes the strategic importance of energy to its mission, and is working to reduce energy consumption and enhance energy self-sufficiency by drawing on local clean energy sources. A joint initiative formed between DoD and the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) in 2008 to address military energy use led to a task force to examine the potential for net zero energy military installations, which would produce as much energy on site as they consume in buildings, facilities, and fleet vehicles. This report presents an assessment and planning process to examine military installations for net zero energy potential. Net Zero Energy Installation Assessment (NZEIA) presents a systematic framework to analyze energy projects at installations while balancing other site priorities such as mission, cost, and security.

  18. Quantifying the Intergration of LEED Ratings to Military High Performance Sustainable Buildings 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walewski, J.

    2013-01-01

    of LEED ratings to Military High Performance Sustainable Buildings CATEE 2013 MAJ Autumn Leveridge, U.S. Army CPT Brian Schonefeld, U.S. Navy CPT Jared Solether, U.S. Navy Dr. John Walewski Department of Civil Engineering, Texas A&M University CCLD... & Coatings / Carpet Systems Thermal Comfort, Design Daylight & Views Daylight 75% of Spaces Innovation & Design Process (ID) NA 18 Key LEED Credits for Military High Performance Sustainable Buildings ESL-KT-13-12-08 CATEE 2013: Clean Air Through Energy...

  19. CREDO: a Military Decision-Support System based on Credal Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Antonucci, Alessandro

    CREDO: a Military Decision-Support System based on Credal Networks Alessandro Antonucci David Huber (Sect. V). These ideas have been implemented in a Java software tool, called CREDO, as part of a project for space security based on a credal network, which have been developed and tested with CREDO during

  20. Self-Organizing Relay Network Supporting Remotely Deployed Sensor Nodes in Military Operations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eliassen, Frank

    Self-Organizing Relay Network Supporting Remotely Deployed Sensor Nodes in Military Operations Dalimir Orfanus, Frank Eliassen Department of Informatics University of Oslo Oslo, Norway dalimir.orfanus@no.abb. Thus, alternative communications approaches have to be used, such as relay links via unmanned aerial

  1. The Relationship Between Perceived Resilience and Perceived Motivation on the Educational Pursuits of the Military Spouse 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lutz, Laurie Lynn

    2014-07-29

    A IRB APPROVAL LETTER ................................................................... 109 APPENDIX B PAO AUTHORIZATION ...................................................................... 110 vii Page APPENDIX C PRE-NOTICE EMAIL... Procedures ....................................................... 38 Table 2 Gender of Respondents and Rank of Respondents' Spouses (n=110) .......... 40 Table 3 Gender and Educational Attainment of Military Spouses ............................ 46...

  2. The Military Tuition Benefit: A North Carolina resident does not lose his/her resident status

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jiang, Jiancheng

    The Military Tuition Benefit: A North Carolina resident does not lose his/her resident status for tuition purposes solely by serving in the armed forces outside this State. Under a special North Carolina Statute, members of the armed services stationed in North Carolina on active duty and their dependents who

  3. CEMP-EC 13 February 1995 TRI-SERVICE MILITARY CONSTRUCTION PROGRAM (MCP) INDEX

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    CEMP-EC 13 February 1995 TABLE IV TRI-SERVICE MILITARY CONSTRUCTION PROGRAM (MCP) INDEX FOR FY 1996 ------------- 1893 1 JUL 1994 ------------- 1908 2.6% 1 OCT 1994 ------------- 1923 --------------- 1 JAN 1995 ------------- 1937 FY 1995 1 APR 1995 ------------- 1945 1 JUL 1995 ------------- 1962 2.9% 1 OCT 1995

  4. Personality Predictors of First-Year Attrition From A Military Training Program 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chalupa, Samantha Brooke

    2013-09-24

    In military training programs, program attrition is a problem not only financially but also in terms of its effects on the team environment and team morale. The purpose of this study is to compare freshmen cadets who choose to stay in the Corps...

  5. ERDCTR-12-10 Index of Available Research on Military Impacts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fehmi, Jeffrey S.

    ERDCTR-12-10 Index of Available Research on Military Impacts Optimal Allocation of Land Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. #12;#12;ERDC TR-12-10 June 2012 Index of Available, and to recommend the implementation of a more cost-effective, regional strategic approach for future land

  6. Operational Experience and Research Directions in Military Night Vision Equipment Chris Johnson,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Chris

    to the human eye. Living and man-made objects tend to emit radiation, for instance in the form of heatOperational Experience and Research Directions in Military Night Vision Equipment Chris Johnson resolution. A second area of interest focuses on detecting electro-magnetic radiation that is not visible

  7. MODELING/GIS, RISK ASSESSMENT, ECONOMIC IMPACT A Probabilistic Risk Assessment for Deployed Military Personnel After

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peterson, Robert K. D.

    MODELING/GIS, RISK ASSESSMENT, ECONOMIC IMPACT A Probabilistic Risk Assessment for Deployed a retrospective probabilistic risk assessment for military personnel potentially exposed to insecticides during, and cypermethrin used for residual sprays. We used the risk quotient (RQ) method for our risk assessment (estimated

  8. The future of components for high reliability military and space applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hanlon, J.T. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States). Component Information and Management Dept.

    1996-02-01

    Military specified, ceramic packaged and radiation hardened components will disappear before the end of the century. The only long-term sustainable alternative may well be to use plastic packaged Commercial Components. The material in this report comes from the Defense Logistics Agency sponsored Plastic Package Availability Program and from an AT and T field reliability study. It summarizes Case Studies from companies which have been building and fielding highly reliable commercial and DOD military systems using plastic commercial components. Findings are, that when properly selected commercial components are operated within the true limitations of their design and packaging, they are as reliable as today`s Mil Spec components. Further, they offer cost, space and weight savings, shared manufacturing and field test experience with industry, and access to the most modern technology. Also reported are potential problems that may be encountered when using commercial components, their long term storage and use reliability characteristics, recommended design processes and supplier selection practices, commercial best business practices, and a semiconductor manufacturer`s view of the military`s switch to commercial plastic microcircuits.

  9. Center for Environmental Management of Military Lands (970) 491-2748 cemml@cemml.colostate.edu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    on responsible management of natural resources and ecosystems. Effective planning and management sustains to incorporate the protection of natural resources with military training objectives. CEMML has a knowledgeable staff with the capability and experience to complete Integrated Natural Resources Management Plans

  10. A system architecture for long duration free floating flight for military applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Epley, L.E. )

    1990-08-31

    Accessibility is today's space frontier. Our need for wide-band global communications, earth imaging an sensing, atmospheric measurements and military reconnaissance is endless but growing dependence on space-based systems raises concerns about potential vulnerability. Military commanders want space assets more accessible and under direct local control. As a result, a robust and low cost access to space-like capability has become a national priority. Buoyant vehicles, free floating in the middle stratosphere could provide the kind of cost effective access to space-like capability needed for a verity of missions. These vehicles are inexpensive, invisible and easily launched. Developments in payload electronics, atmospheric wind modeling and materials combined with ever-improving communications and navigation infrastructure are making balloon-borne concepts more attractive. The fundamental question is whether a free floating balloon, used in a pseudo-satellite role, has value in a military system. Flight tests are ongoing under NASA sponsorship. Following these tests NASA intends to use the vehicles for research in the Antarctic. The concept is being reviewed by other agencies interested in stratospheric research. We believe that LDFFF systems have applications in areas of communications, surveillance and other traditional satellite missions. Dialogue with the broader community of space users is needed to expand the applications. This report reviews the status of the recent flight tests and presents an overview of the concept of Long Duration Free Floating Flight for military applications. 12 refs., 13 figs.

  11. A review of "Military Migration and State Formation: The British Military Community in Seventeenth-Century Sweden." by Mary Elizabeth Ailes 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee Sather

    2003-01-01

    -Century Sweden. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 2002. xiv + 192 pp. + 8 figs. + 2 tables. $50.00. Review by LEE SATHER, WEBER STATE UNIVERSITY. The period roughly stretching from 1600 to the early 1700s is generally referred to as Sweden?s Age... and to the creation of the ?military state.? Given Sweden?s particularly limited resources, it was also forced to re- cruit relatively large numbers of foreign troops both as ordinary soldiers and officers. Professor Ailes in this work examines the 119 British...

  12. Specific Group Hardware

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Specific Group Hardware Specific Group Hardware ALICE palicevo1 The Virtual Organization (VO) server. Serves as gatekeeper for ALICE jobs. It's duties include getting assignments...

  13. Military Base Off-Taker Opportunities for Tribal Renewable Energy Projects

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nangle, J.

    2013-05-01

    This white paper surveys DOD installations that could have an increased potential interest in the purchase of energy from renewable energy projects on tribal lands. Identification of likely purchasers of renewable energy is a first step in the energy project development process, and this paper aims to identify likely electricity customers that tribal commercial-scale projects could serve. This white paper builds on a geospatial analysis completed in November 2012 identifying 53 reservations within 10 miles of military bases (DOE 2012). This analysis builds on those findings by further refining the list of potential opportunity sites to 15 reservations (Table ES-1), based on five additional factors: 1) The potential renewable resources required to meet the installation energy loads; 2) Proximity to transmission lines; 3) Military installation energy demand; 4) State electricity prices; 5) Local policy and regulatory environment.

  14. The campaign of mud: a military-political analysis of the Third Battle of Ypres 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duffy, Stephen Mark

    1989-01-01

    , Bri. tain, Prussia and Russia guaranteeing Belgium's security) plunged Britain into the war in 1914 with the aim of restoring Belgium as a sovereign and neutral State. &4 The deliverance of the Belgian people from the clutc2&es of a tyrannical... but also render great military advant- ages by resting the flank of the British armies on the Dutch border. Communications could then be shortened and the whole German position in France turned without an appreciable lengthening of the battle line...

  15. Vehicle Technologies Office: AVTA- Evaluating Military Bases and Fleet Readiness for Electric Vehicles

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. Through the AVTA, Idaho National Laboratory also does fleet and other analysis to evaluate readiness for plug-in electric vehicles and other advanced technology vehicles. The following reports describe analysis studies Idaho National Laboratory conducted for the military to evaluate readiness for plug-in electric vehicles.

  16. An Archaeological Survey for the Military Water Supply Corporation North System 12" Waterline Loop Project in Cameron County, Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moore, William

    2015-07-30

    An archaeological survey of a proposed water transmission line in southern Cameron County, Texas was performed by Brazos Valley Research Associates (BVRA) on March 10, 2010 under Antiquities Permit 5558 for the Military Highway Water Supply...

  17. Unit Social Cohesion in the Israeli Military as a Case Study of “Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell”

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaplan, Danny; Rosenmann, Amir

    2012-01-01

    for Social Research. Kaplan and Rosenmann Frank, N. (2009).38(4), 133–162. Kaplan, D. (2000). The military as a secondColumbia University Press. Kaplan and Rosenmann Wong, L. ,

  18. Identifying and estimating the distributional effects of unionization and the long-term consequences of military service

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frandsen, Brigham R

    2010-01-01

    This thesis is concerned with the economic consequences for individuals of two important U.S. labor market institutions: unionization and the military draft. The first chapter develops an econometric procedure for estimating ...

  19. THE ABONGO ABROAD: MILITARY INTERNATIONALISM, TRAVEL, TRAINING, AND PEACE IN GHANA AND THE UNITED STATES, 1960-1992

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clune, John Valentine

    2014-08-31

    This dissertation searches the global commodities of military education and training assistance and international peacekeeping missions between the 1960s and 1980s for the meaning people on both the sending and receiving ends made...

  20. Military Support

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Personnel from the Power Systems Engineering Department have been involved with the U.S. Air Force Space Command since 1987. Ascension Island - in conjuction with other partners,...

  1. Military funeral 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Unknown

    2011-09-05

    Today, as never before, American industry needs to identify and control their most critical resources. One of these is energy. In 1973 and again in 1976, the American public and business was confronted with critical energy supply problems. As a...

  2. Low Specific Activity (LSA)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This scenario provides the planning instructions, guidance, and evaluation forms necessary to conduct an exercise involving a highway shipment of Low Specific Activity (LSA) material.  This...

  3. Solar Photovoltaic SPECIFICATION, CHECKLIST...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    CHECKLIST AND GUIDE Renewable Energy Ready Home Renewable Energy Ready Home SOLAR PHOTOVOLTAIC SPECIFICATION, CHECKLIST AND GUIDE i Table of Contents About the...

  4. Emissions characteristics of Military Helicopter Engines Fueled with JP-8 and a Fischer-Tropsch Fuel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Corporan, E.; DeWitt, M.; Klingshirn, Christopher D; Striebich, Richard; Cheng, Mengdawn

    2010-01-01

    The rapid growth in aviation activities and more stringent U.S. Environmental Protection Agency regulations have increased concerns regarding aircraft emissions, due to their harmful health and environmental impacts, especially in the vicinity of airports and military bases. In this study, the gaseous and particulate-matter emissions of two General Electric T701C engines and one T700 engine were evaluated. The T700 series engines power the U.S. Army's Black Hawk and Apache helicopters. The engines were fueled with standard military JP-8 fuel and were tested at three power settings. In addition, one of the T701C engines was operated on a natural-gas-derived Fischer-Tropsch synthetic paraffinic kerosene jet fuel. Test results show that the T701C engine emits significantly lower particulate-matter emissions than the T700 for all conditions tested. Particulate-matter mass emission indices ranged from 0.2-1.4 g/kg fuel for the T700 and 0.2-0.6 g/kg fuel for the T701C. Slightly higher NOx and lower CO emissions were observed for the T701C compared with the T700. Operation of the T701C with the Fischer-Tropsch fuel rendered dramatic reductions in soot emissions relative to operation on JP-8, due primarily to the lack of aromatic compounds in the alternative fuel. The Fischer-Tropsch fuel also produced smaller particles and slight reductions in CO emissions.

  5. Specific light in sculpture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Powell, John William

    1989-01-01

    Specific light is defined as light from artificial or altered natural sources. The use and manipulation of light in three dimensional sculptural work is discussed in an historic and contemporary context. The author's work ...

  6. Redesigning specificity in miniproteins

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taylor, Christina Marie

    2006-01-01

    This work focuses on designing specific miniprotein interactions using computational models and then testing these designs with experiments. Miniproteins are small, autonomously-folding proteins that are excellent for ...

  7. Navy Mobility Fuels Forecasting System Phase 6 report: The potential impacts of a worst-case military conflict on world petroleum availability

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lee, R.; Das, S.; Leiby, P.N.

    1991-01-01

    A major Middle East and European military confrontation would cause an extremely large disruption in the supply of oil worldwide. There would be imbalances between oil supply and demand. These imbalances can only be solved by rationing and by military actions to ensure an adequate flow of crude oil and products. 25 refs., 5 tabs.

  8. Understanding Civil War Violence through Military Intelligence: Mining Civilian Targeting Records from the Vietnam War

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Douglass, Rex W

    2015-01-01

    Military intelligence is underutilized in the study of civil war violence. Declassified records are hard to acquire and difficult to explore with the standard econometrics toolbox. I investigate a contemporary government database of civilians targeted during the Vietnam War. The data are detailed, with up to 45 attributes recorded for 73,712 individual civilian suspects. I employ an unsupervised machine learning approach of cleaning, variable selection, dimensionality reduction, and clustering. I find support for a simplifying typology of civilian targeting that distinguishes different kinds of suspects and different kinds targeting methods. The typology is robust, successfully clustering both government actors and rebel departments into groups that mirror their known functions. The exercise highlights methods for dealing with high dimensional found conflict data. It also illustrates how aggregating measures of political violence masks a complex underlying empirical data generating process as well as a comple...

  9. Pulmonary toxicity after exposure to military-relevant heavy metal tungsten alloy particles

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Roedel, Erik Q., E-mail: Erik.Roedel@amedd.army.mil [Department of General Surgery, Tripler Army Medical Center, Honolulu, HI 96859 (United States); Cafasso, Danielle E., E-mail: Danielle.Cafasso@amedd.army.mil [Department of General Surgery, Tripler Army Medical Center, Honolulu, HI 96859 (United States); Lee, Karen W.M., E-mail: Karen.W.Lee@amedd.army.mil [Department of Clinical Investigation, Tripler Army Medical Center, Honolulu, HI 96859 (United States); Pierce, Lisa M., E-mail: Lisa.Pierce@amedd.army.mil [Department of Clinical Investigation, Tripler Army Medical Center, Honolulu, HI 96859 (United States)

    2012-02-15

    Significant controversy over the environmental and public health impact of depleted uranium use in the Gulf War and the war in the Balkans has prompted the investigation and use of other materials including heavy metal tungsten alloys (HMTAs) as nontoxic alternatives. Interest in the health effects of HMTAs has peaked since the recent discovery that rats intramuscularly implanted with pellets containing 91.1% tungsten/6% nickel/2.9% cobalt rapidly developed aggressive metastatic tumors at the implantation site. Very little is known, however, regarding the cellular and molecular mechanisms associated with the effects of inhalation exposure to HMTAs despite the recognized risk of this route of exposure to military personnel. In the current study military-relevant metal powder mixtures consisting of 92% tungsten/5% nickel/3% cobalt (WNiCo) and 92% tungsten/5% nickel/3% iron (WNiFe), pure metals, or vehicle (saline) were instilled intratracheally in rats. Pulmonary toxicity was assessed by cytologic analysis, lactate dehydrogenase activity, albumin content, and inflammatory cytokine levels in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid 24 h after instillation. The expression of 84 stress and toxicity-related genes was profiled in lung tissue and bronchoalveolar lavage cells using real-time quantitative PCR arrays, and in vitro assays were performed to measure the oxidative burst response and phagocytosis by lung macrophages. Results from this study determined that exposure to WNiCo and WNiFe induces pulmonary inflammation and altered expression of genes associated with oxidative and metabolic stress and toxicity. Inhalation exposure to both HMTAs likely causes lung injury by inducing macrophage activation, neutrophilia, and the generation of toxic oxygen radicals. -- Highlights: ? Intratracheal instillation of W–Ni–Co and W–Ni–Fe induces lung inflammation in rats. ? W–Ni–Co and W–Ni–Fe alter expression of oxidative stress and toxicity genes. ? W–Ni–Co induces a greater oxidative burst response than W–Ni–Fe in lung macrophages.

  10. STUDY OF THE EFFECT OF MILITARY SPENDING ON ECONOMIC GROWTH IN THE WORLD SYSTEM FROM 1870 TO 1950 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kang, Nahua 1990-

    2012-05-08

    ……………………………………………………………………….….37 CONTACT INFORMATION……………………………………………………………38 v LIST OF FIGURES FIGURE Page 1: Argentina…………………………………...…………………………………………..8 2: Australia……………………………………………………...………………………..9 3: Austria... or weak correlation between military spending and economic growth. The result of my research is that Group 1 consists of 31 countries, and Group 2 of 3 countries, and Group 3 of 5 countries. Group 1 consists of Austria, Australia, Argentina, Belgium...

  11. Sustainable Military Lands Enroll in this one-of-a-kind online educational program to learn the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sustainable Military Lands Management Enroll in this one-of-a-kind online educational program of natural and cultural resources on Department of Defense lands. After completing this certificate, you in the Warner College of Natural Resources. Courses are offered on a regular semester basis using a 16-week

  12. The Paradoxes of Military Risk Assessment: Will the Enterprise Risk Assessment Model, Composite Risk Management and Associated

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Chris

    Risk Management and Associated Techniques Provide the Predicted Benefits? Chris. W. Johnson, Glasgow: Johnson@dcs.gla.ac.uk; http://www.dcs.gla.ac.uk/~johnson Keywords: Safety; Composite Risk Management, ERAM, Risk Assessment; Military Systems Engineering. Abstract Risk management provides the most important

  13. ARCHITECTURE AND ALGORITHM FOR HIGH PERFORMANCE FAULT-TOLERANT REPLICATION OF SENSITIVE MILITARY AND HOMELAND SECURITY C3I DATABASE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guturu, Parthasarathy

    AND HOMELAND SECURITY C3I DATABASE MESSAGES Parthasarathy Guturut Electrical Engineering Department, University ofNorth Texas, Denton, TX 76203-0470 ABSTRACT Replicated databases are used by Military and Homeland. In this paper, we propose a rep- licated database nodal architecture in which nodes are organized into multiple

  14. HumanWildlife Interactions 8(2):251260, Fall 2014 Wildlife strikes with U.S. military rotary-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    during deployments in the Middle East (e.g., Iraq), whereas, strikes to U.S. Air Force aircraft occurred, Iraq, military, rotary-wing aircraft, wildlife strikes During the last 2 decades, a great deal of armed conflict, and political upheaval has occurredintheMiddleEast(e.g.,Iraq)andsouth- central Asia (e

  15. Special Issue on Development of Autonomous Unmanned Aerial Vehicles In support of military operations and civil applications, the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Benmei, Chen

    Editorial Special Issue on Development of Autonomous Unmanned Aerial Vehicles In support of military operations and civil applications, the Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) have quickly emerged and practitioners in the fields of unmanned systems, with a common interest in the new challenges in platform design

  16. The 2011 Military Communications Conference -Track 3 -Cyber Security and Network Operations From Security to Vulnerability: Data Authentication

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Wenye

    lines and transform ers [5], to perform critical functions of energy transmission and distributionThe 2011 Military Communications Conference - Track 3 - Cyber Security and Network Operations From Wang· Zhuo Lu* Jianfeng Mat "Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, NC State University

  17. DOT specification packages evaluation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ratledge, J.E.; Rawl, R.R. )

    1991-01-01

    During the late 1960s and early 1970s, the Department of Transportation (DOT) specification package system was implemented to serve as a useful and equivalent alternative to the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) and the Bureau of Explosives approval systems for Type B and fissile radioactive material package designs. When a package design was used by a large number of organizations, the package design was added to the DOT regulations as a specification package authorized for use by any shipper. In the mid-1970s, the NRC revised its package design certification system to the one in use today. This paper reports that, while the NRC and DOT transportation regulations have evolved over the years, the DOT specification package designs have remained largely unchanged. Questions have been raised as to whether these designs meet the current and proposed regulations. In order to enable the NRC and DOT to develop a regulatory analysis that will support appropriate action regarding the specification packages, a study is being performed to compile all available design, testing, and analysis information on these packages.

  18. IDC System Specification Document.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Clifford, David J.

    2014-12-01

    This document contains the system specifications derived to satisfy the system requirements found in the IDC System Requirements Document for the IDC Reengineering Phase 2 project. Revisions Version Date Author/Team Revision Description Authorized by V1.0 12/2014 IDC Reengineering Project Team Initial delivery M. Harris

  19. Oak Ridge Site Specific

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirley Ann Jackson About1996How to ApplytheExecutive71.1 OMB ControlOak ofSite Specific adviSORy

  20. Final report for LDRD project 11-0783 : directed robots for increased military manpower effectiveness.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rohrer, Brandon Robinson; Rothganger, Fredrick H.; Wagner, John S.; Xavier, Patrick Gordon; Morrow, James Dan

    2011-09-01

    The purpose of this LDRD is to develop technology allowing warfighters to provide high-level commands to their unmanned assets, freeing them to command a group of them or commit the bulk of their attention elsewhere. To this end, a brain-emulating cognition and control architecture (BECCA) was developed, incorporating novel and uniquely capable feature creation and reinforcement learning algorithms. BECCA was demonstrated on both a mobile manipulator platform and on a seven degree of freedom serial link robot arm. Existing military ground robots are almost universally teleoperated and occupy the complete attention of an operator. They may remove a soldier from harm's way, but they do not necessarily reduce manpower requirements. Current research efforts to solve the problem of autonomous operation in an unstructured, dynamic environment fall short of the desired performance. In order to increase the effectiveness of unmanned vehicle (UV) operators, we proposed to develop robots that can be 'directed' rather than remote-controlled. They are instructed and trained by human operators, rather than driven. The technical approach is modeled closely on psychological and neuroscientific models of human learning. Two Sandia-developed models are utilized in this effort: the Sandia Cognitive Framework (SCF), a cognitive psychology-based model of human processes, and BECCA, a psychophysical-based model of learning, motor control, and conceptualization. Together, these models span the functional space from perceptuo-motor abilities, to high-level motivational and attentional processes.

  1. Automation and optimization of the design parameters in tactical military pipeline systems. Master's thesis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Frick, R.M.

    1988-12-01

    Tactical military petroleum pipeline systems will play a vital role in any future conflict due to an increased consumption of petroleum products by our combined Armed Forces. The tactical pipeline must be rapidly constructed and highly mobile to keep pace with the constantly changing battle zone. Currently, the design of these pipeline system is time consuming and inefficient, which may cause shortages of fuel and pipeline components at the front lines. Therefore, a need for a computer program that will both automate and optimize the pipeline design process is quite apparent. These design needs are satisfied by developing a software package using Advance Basic (IBM DOS) programming language and made to run on an IBM-compatible personal computer. The program affords the user the options of either finding the optimum pump station locations for a proposed pipeline or calculating the maximum operating pressures for an existing pipeline. By automating the design procedure, a field engineer can vary the pipeline length, diameter, roughness, viscosity, gravity, flow rate, pump station pressure, or terrain profile and see how it affects the other parameters in just a few seconds. The design process was optimized by implementing a weighting scheme based on the volume percent of each fuel in the pipeline at any given time.

  2. Deployment related mental health care seeking behaviors in the U.S. military and the use of telehealth to mitigate their impacts on access to care

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hess, John (John Thomas)

    2012-01-01

    Interviewees report that groups of service members returning from Iraq and Afghanistan often require substantial amounts of mental health care, causing surges in demand at military hospitals. These hospitals have difficulty ...

  3. The 'New Model' Armies of Africa?: The British Military Advisory and Training Team and the Creation of the Zimbabwe National Army 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Whitaker, Blake

    2014-03-05

    The British Army provided military assistance missions for friendly nations throughout the 20th century. The majority deployed to Africa during the decolonization process. By 1980 London had thirty-five years of institutional knowledge on how...

  4. Effects of military-authorized activities on the San Joaquin kit fox (Vulpes velox macrotis) at Camp Roberts Army National Guard Training Site, California

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Berry, W.H.; Standley, W.G.; O`Farrell, T.P.; Kato, T.T.

    1992-10-01

    The effects of military-authorized activities on San Joaquin kit fox (Vulpes velox macrotis) were investigated at Camp Roberts Army National Guard Training Site from 1988 to 1991. Military-authorized activities included military training exercises, facilities maintenance, new construction, controlled burning, livestock grazing, and public-access hunting. Positive effects of the military included habitat preservation, preactivity surveys, and natural resources management practices designed to conserve kit foxes and their habitat. Perceived negative effects such as entrapment in dens, shootings during military exercises, and accidental poisoning were not observed. Foxes were observed in areas being used simultaneously by military units. Authorized activities were known to have caused the deaths of three of 52 radiocollared foxes recovered dead: one became entangled in concertina wire, one was believed shot by a hunter, and one was struck by a vehicle. Entanglement in communication wire may have contributed to the death of another radiocollared fox that was killed by a predator. Approximately 10% of kit fox dens encountered showed evidence of vehicle traffic, but denning sites did not appear to be a limiting factor for kit foxes.

  5. Suitability of Agent Technology for Military Command and Control in the Future Combat System Environment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Potok, TE

    2003-02-13

    The U.S. Army is faced with the challenge of dramatically improving its war fighting capability through advanced technologies. Any new technology must provide significant improvement over existing technologies, yet be reliable enough to provide a fielded system. The focus of this paper is to assess the novelty and maturity of agent technology for use in the Future Combat System (FCS). The FCS concept represents the U.S. Army's ''mounted'' form of the Objective Force. This concept of vehicles, communications, and weaponry is viewed as a ''system of systems'' which includes net-centric command and control (C{sup 2}) capabilities. This networked C{sup 2} is an important transformation from the historically centralized, or platform-based, C{sup 2} function since a centralized command architecture may become a decision-making and execution bottleneck, particularly as the pace of war accelerates. A mechanism to ensure an effective network-centric C{sup 2} capacity (combining intelligence gathering and analysis available at lower levels in the military hierarchy) is needed. Achieving a networked C{sup 2} capability will require breakthroughs in current software technology. Many have proposed the use of agent technology as a potential solution. Agents are an emerging technology, and it is not yet clear whether it is suitable for addressing the networked C{sup 2} challenge, particularly in satisfying battlespace scalability, mobility, and security expectations. We have developed a set of software requirements for FCS based on military requirements for this system. We have then evaluated these software requirements against current computer science technology. This analysis provides a set of limitations in the current technology when applied to the FCS challenge. Agent technology is compared against this set of limitations to provide a means of assessing the novelty of agent technology in an FCS environment. From this analysis we find that existing technologies will not likely be sufficient to meet the networked C{sup 2} requirements of FCS due to limitations in scalability, mobility, and security. Agent technology provides a number of advantages in these areas, mainly through much stronger messaging and coordination models. These models theoretically allow for significant improvements in many areas, including scalability, mobility, and security. However, the demonstration of such capabilities in an FCS environment does not currently exist, although a number of strong agent-based systems have been deployed in related areas. Additionally, there are challenges in FCS that neither current technology nor agent technology are particularly well suited, such as information fusion and decision support. In summary, we believe that agent technology has the capability to support most of the networked C{sup 2} requirements of FCS. However, we would recommend proof of principle experiments to verify the theoretical advantages of this technology in an FCS environment.

  6. Testing and evaluation of military systems in a high stakes environment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moyer, Raphael (Raphael E.)

    2010-01-01

    Testing is a critical element of systems engineering, as it allows engineers to ensure that products meet specifications before they go into production. The testing literature, however, has been largely theoretical, and ...

  7. PHASE II CHARACTERIZATION SURVEY OF THE USNS BRIDGE (T AOE 10), MILITARY SEALIFT FLEET SUPPORT COMMAND, NAVAL STATION, NORFOLK, VIRGINIA DCN 5180-SR-01-0

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NICK A. ALTIC

    2012-08-30

    In March 2011, the USNS Bridge was deployed off northeastern Honshu, Japan with the carrier USS Ronald Reagan to assist with relief efforts after the 2011 T?hoku earthquake and tsunami. During that time, the Bridge was exposed to air-borne radioactive materials leaking from the damaged Fukushima I Nuclear Power Plant. The proximity of the Bridge to the air-borne impacted area resulted in the contamination of the ship’s air-handling systems and the associated components, as well as potential contamination of other ship surfaces due to either direct intake/deposition or inadvertent spread from crew/operational activities. Preliminary surveys in the weeks after the event confirmed low-level contamination within the heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) ductwork and systems, and engine and other auxiliary air intake systems. Some partial decontamination was performed at that time. In response to the airborne contamination event, Military Sealift Fleet Support Command (MSFSC) contracted Oak Ridge Associated Universities (ORAU), under provisions of the Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education (ORISE) contract, to assess the radiological condition of the Bridge. Phase I identified contamination within the CPS filters, ventilation systems, miscellaneous equipment, and other suspect locations that could not accessed at that time (ORAU 2011b). Because the Bridge was underway during the characterization, all the potentially impacted systems/spaces could not be investigated. As a result, MSFSC contracted with ORAU to perform Phase II of the characterization, specifically to survey systems/spaces previously inaccessible. During Phase II of the characterization, the ship was in port to perform routine maintenance operations, allowing access to the previously inaccessible systems/spaces.

  8. Solar technical assistance provided to Forest City military communities in Hawaii for incorporation of 20-30 MW of solar energy generation to power family housing for US Navy personnel.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dominick, Jeff (National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, CO); Merrigan, Tim (National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, CO); Boudra, Will (Forest City Military Communities, Honolulu, HI); Miller, Ryan (CH2M Hill, Englewood, CO); Cisneros, Gabriela (New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, NM); Rosenthal, Andrew L. (New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, NM); Kuszmaul, Scott S.; Gupta, Vipin P.

    2010-06-01

    In May 2007, Forest City Military Communities won a US Department of Energy Solar America Showcase Award. As part of this award, executives and staff from Forest City Military Communities worked side-by-side with a DOE technical assistance team to overcome technical obstacles encountered by this large-scale real estate developer and manager. This paper describes the solar technical assistance that was provided and the key solar experiences acquired by Forest City Military Communities over an 18 month period.

  9. Advanced development of rotary stratified charge 750 and 1500 HP military multi-fuel engines at Curtiss-Wright

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jones, C.

    1984-01-01

    During the period from 1977 to 1982, two and four rotor naturally aspirated Stratified Charge Rotary Combustion engines were under development for the U.S. Marine Corps. These engines are described and highlights of work conducted under the government ''Advanced Development'' contracts are discussed. The basic direct injected and spark ignited stratified charge technology was defined during 1973-1976 for automotive engine applications. It was then demonstrated that the unthrottled naturally aspirated Rotary could match indirect injected diesel fuel consumption, without regard to fuel cetane or octane rating. This same technology was scaled from the 60''/sup 3//rotor automotive engine module to the 350''/sup 3//rotor military engine size. In addition, parallel company-sponsored research efforts were undertaken to explore growth directions. Tests showed significant thermal efficiency improvement at lean air-fuel ratios. When turbocharged, high exhaust energy recovery of this ported engine provided induction airflow sufficient for increased output plus excess for operation at the lean mixture strengths of best combustion efficiency. With additive improvements in mechanical efficiency accruing to higher BMEP operation, the potential for fuel economy in the same range as direct injected diesels was demonstrated. These lightweight, compact, multi-fuel engines are believed to open new possiblities for lightweight, reliable, highly mobile and agile military fighting vehicles of the future.

  10. Mesa Top Photovoltaic Array SyStem SpecificationS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    electricity that array will provide: 7% environmental impact Annual carbon offset: 2.4 million pounds of CO2Mesa Top Photovoltaic Array SyStem SpecificationS System size: 750 kW (DC, estimated) Characteristics: Single axis tracker photovoltaics, ground mounted Annual output: 1,200 MWh Location: Top of South

  11. Evaluation of low-residue soldering for military and commercial applications: A report from the Low-Residue Soldering Task Force

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Iman, R.L.; Anderson, D.J.; Burress, R.V.

    1995-06-01

    The LRSTF combined the efforts of industry, military, and government to evaluate low-residue soldering processes for military and commercial applications. These processes were selected for evaluation because they provide a means for the military to support the presidential mandate while producing reliable hardware at a lower cost. This report presents the complete details and results of a testing program conducted by the LRSTF to evaluate low-residue soldering for printed wiring assemblies. A previous informal document provided details of the test plan used in this evaluation. Many of the details of that test plan are contained in this report. The test data are too massive to include in this report, however, these data are available on disk as Excel spreadsheets upon request. The main purpose of low-residue soldering is to eliminate waste streams during the manufacturing process.

  12. Waste Specification Records - Hanford Site

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Specification Records About Us Hanford Site Solid Waste Acceptance Program What's New Acceptance Criteria Acceptance Process Becoming a new Hanford Customer Annual Waste Forecast...

  13. Hanford Site environmental management specification

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Grygiel, M.L.

    1998-06-10

    The US Department of Energy, Richland Operations Office (RL) uses this Hanford Site Environmental Management Specification (Specification) to document top-level mission requirements and planning assumptions for the prime contractors involved in Hanford Site cleanup and infrastructure activities under the responsibility of the US Department of Energy, Office of Environmental Management. This Specification describes at a top level the activities, facilities, and infrastructure necessary to accomplish the cleanup of the Hanford Site and assigns this scope to Site contractors and their respective projects. This Specification also references the key National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (NEPA), Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980 (CERCLA), and safety documentation necessary to accurately describe the cleanup at a summary level. The information contained in this document reflects RL`s application of values, priorities, and critical success factors expressed by those involved with and affected by the Hanford Site project. The prime contractors and their projects develop complete baselines and work plans to implement this Specification. These lower-level documents and the data that support them, together with this Specification, represent the full set of requirements applicable to the contractors and their projects. Figure 1-1 shows the relationship of this Specification to the other basic Site documents. Similarly, the documents, orders, and laws referenced in this specification represent only the most salient sources of requirements. Current and contractual reference data contain a complete set of source documents.

  14. Military and diplomatic roles and options for managing and responding to the proliferation of ballistic missiles and weapons of mass destruction. Final report: Program on Stability and the Offense/Defense Relationship

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hallenbeck, R.A.; Gill, J.M.; Murray, B.L.

    1993-05-26

    The March seminar, ``Military and Diplomatic Roles and Options`` for managing and responding to proliferation, featured three presentations: the military and diplomatic implications of preemptive force as a counterproliferation option; an in-depth assessment of the threat posed by biological weapons; and, a new proposed US counterproliferation policy.

  15. Physical and computer modeling of military earth grounding practices in a HEMP (high-altitude electromagnetic pulse) environment. Technical memo

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cuneo, A.A. Jr.; Loftus, J.J.; Perala, R.A.

    1983-06-01

    Military grounding practices compatible with hardening electronic systems to high-altitude electromagnetic pulse (HEMP) illumination are considered. This study concerns the grounding practices outlined in MIL-STD-188-124, Common Long-Haul/Tactical Communications Systems. Three standard grounding schemes and one new scheme were chosen for study at a 10:1 scale, illuminated by a 59-V/m peak simulated HEMP. There were several significant results: (a) The theoretical technique in general agrees to within a factor of three with the experimental results, (b) The type end of earth ground system does not appear to be important, and (c) Intrasite transients tend to be dominated by electromagnetic coupling to completed conductive loops. When the loop is broken, the transient is characterized by the half-wavelength resonance of the conductor. Grounding paths which do not form part of the loop do not contribute significantly to the transient in the loop.

  16. An Ecological Data Specialist (Research Associate I Special) position is available with the Center for Environmental Management of Military Lands (CEMML). This position is located at

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    POSITION An Ecological Data Specialist (Research Associate I Special) position is available with the Center for Environmental Management of Military Lands (CEMML). This position is located at Pohakuloa. RESPONSIBILITIES This position will provide support for Geographic Information Systems (GIS), data management

  17. Texas Tech University Military & Veterans Programs My name is Josh Quigley. I'm originally from Lubbock, Texas and I'm a senior Wildlife

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rock, Chris

    Texas Tech University Military & Veterans Programs My name is Josh Quigley. I'm originally from Lubbock, Texas and I'm a senior Wildlife Management major here at Texas Tech. My name is Todd Truesdell. I am classified as a senior and I'm from Carrollton, Texas. My name is Alex Robles. I'm a junior here

  18. Building Energy Data Exchange Specification Scoping Report |...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Building Energy Data Exchange Specification Scoping Report Building Energy Data Exchange Specification Scoping Report The Building Energy Data Exchange Specification (BEDES),...

  19. Collegiate Wind Competition Wind Tunnel Specifications | Department...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Wind Tunnel Specifications Collegiate Wind Competition Wind Tunnel Specifications Collegiate Wind Competition Wind Tunnel Specifications Teams competing in the U.S. Department of...

  20. Specification No. 203-HJT-9001 R0 Specification for the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McDonald, Kirk

    .S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY February 5, 2006 #12;Specification for Support Structure MERIT High Power Mercury and provide positional adjustment, and operation of the hydraulic jacks used for height adjustment assembled components shown in the drawing package, o Two (2) hydraulic hand pump/c

  1. Service Level Agreement/Specification

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Flynn, E. Victor

    Service Level Agreement/Specification For Maintenance and Associated Risk Management Services Team c. Contract Labour 4. REACTIVE MAINTENANCE 5. ESTATE DATA REQUIREMENTS 6. ESTATE EMERGENCY. RISK MANAGEMENT a. General b. Scope of Service c. Statement of Intent Service Level Agreement 2007 Vers

  2. Programme Specification 1. General Information

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Subramanian, Sriram

    , administrative and practical skills required in exhibition making. Able to: C. Professionalism C1. Take Institution Royal College of Art Professional Accreditation N/A Qualifications Framework Level 7 Credit Value as competent and #12;Programme Specification 2/10 responsible professionals, equipped with the knowledge

  3. Gas Slow Control System Specifications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roma "La Sapienza", Università di

    AMS-02 TRD Gas Slow Control System Specifications v 4.2 26-06-2006 A. Bartoloni, B. Borgia, F. Bucci, F. R. Spada INFN Sezione di Roma 1- Roma, Italy #12;2/45 #12;3/45 1. ABSTRACT 5 2. GAS SYSTEM FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION 5 3. GAS CONTROL SYSTEM 8 4. CONTROL SYSTEM COMPONENTS 12 a. Universal Control System

  4. PROGRAMME SPECIFICATION Programme title: Statistics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guillas, Serge

    in statistical theory and applications which enables graduates to enter specialist employment or academic in statistical computing and communication are assessed by coursework only. The summer project is assessedPROGRAMME SPECIFICATION Programme title: Statistics Final award (BSc, MA etc): (where stopping off

  5. Isotope specific arbitrary material sorter

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Barty, Christopher P.J.

    2015-12-08

    A laser-based mono-energetic gamma-ray source is used to provide a rapid and unique, isotope specific method for sorting materials. The objects to be sorted are passed on a conveyor in front of a MEGa-ray beam which has been tuned to the nuclear resonance fluorescence transition of the desired material. As the material containing the desired isotope traverses the beam, a reduction in the transmitted MEGa-ray beam occurs. Alternately, the laser-based mono-energetic gamma-ray source is used to provide non-destructive and non-intrusive, quantitative determination of the absolute amount of a specific isotope contained within pipe as part of a moving fluid or quasi-fluid material stream.

  6. Industrial lead paint removal specifications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stone, R.C.

    1997-06-01

    The purpose of this paper is to inform the reader as to some of the pertinent rules and regulations promulgated by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) that may effect an industrial lead paint removal project. The paper discusses a recommended schedule of procedures and preparations to be followed by the lead paint removal specification writer when analyzing the possible impact of the project on the environment, the public and workers. Implications of the Clean Air Act, the Clean Water Act and the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) along with hazardous waste handling, manifesting, transporting and disposal procedures are discussed with special emphasis placed as to their impact on the writer and the facility owner. As the rules and regulations are highly complex, the writer has attempted to explain the methodology currently being used in state-of-the-art industrial lead abatement specifications.

  7. TRIDAC host computer functional specification

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hilbert, S.M.; Hunter, S.L.

    1983-08-23

    The purpose of this document is to outline the baseline functional requirements for the Triton Data Acquisition and Control (TRIDAC) Host Computer Subsystem. The requirements presented in this document are based upon systems that currently support both the SIS and the Uranium Separator Technology Groups in the AVLIS Program at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory and upon the specific demands associated with the extended safe operation of the SIS Triton Facility.

  8. Chromosome specific repetitive DNA sequences

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Moyzis, Robert K. (Los Alamos, NM); Meyne, Julianne (Los Alamos, NM)

    1991-01-01

    A method is provided for determining specific nucleotide sequences useful in forming a probe which can identify specific chromosomes, preferably through in situ hybridization within the cell itself. In one embodiment, chromosome preferential nucleotide sequences are first determined from a library of recombinant DNA clones having families of repetitive sequences. Library clones are identified with a low homology with a sequence of repetitive DNA families to which the first clones respectively belong and variant sequences are then identified by selecting clones having a pattern of hybridization with genomic DNA dissimilar to the hybridization pattern shown by the respective families. In another embodiment, variant sequences are selected from a sequence of a known repetitive DNA family. The selected variant sequence is classified as chromosome specific, chromosome preferential, or chromosome nonspecific. Sequences which are classified as chromosome preferential are further sequenced and regions are identified having a low homology with other regions of the chromosome preferential sequence or with known sequences of other family me This invention is the result of a contract with the Department of Energy (Contract No. W-7405-ENG-36).

  9. Project X functional requirements specification

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Holmes, S.D.; Henderson, S.D.; Kephart, R.; Kerby, J.; Kourbanis, I.; Lebedev, V.; Mishra, S.; Nagaitsev, S.; Solyak, N.; Tschirhart, R.; /Fermilab

    2012-05-01

    Project X is a multi-megawatt proton facility being developed to support a world-leading program in Intensity Frontier physics at Fermilab. The facility is designed to support programs in elementary particle and nuclear physics, with possible applications to nuclear energy research. A Functional Requirements Specification has been developed in order to establish performance criteria for the Project X complex in support of these multiple missions, and to assure that the facility is designed with sufficient upgrade capability to provide U.S. leadership for many decades to come. This paper will briefly review the previously described Functional Requirements, and then discuss their recent evolution.

  10. Central Solenoid Insert Technical Specification

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Martovetsky, Nicolai N; Smirnov, Alexandre

    2011-09-01

    The US ITER Project Office (USIPO) is responsible for the ITER central solenoid (CS) contribution to the ITER project. The Central Solenoid Insert (CSI) project will allow ITER validation the appropriate lengths of the conductors to be used in the full-scale CS coils under relevant conditions. The ITER Program plans to build and test a CSI to verify the performance of the CS conductor. The CSI is a one-layer solenoid with an inner diameter of 1.48 m and a height of 4.45 m between electric terminal ends. The coil weight with the terminals is approximately 820 kg without insulation. The major goal of the CSI is to measure the temperature margin of the CS under the ITER direct current (DC) operating conditions, including determining sensitivity to load cycles. Performance of the joints, ramp rate sensitivity, and stability against thermal or electromagnetic disturbances, electrical insulation, losses, and instrumentation are addressed separately and therefore are not major goals in this project. However, losses and joint performance will be tested during the CSI testing campaign. The USIPO will build the CSI that will be tested at the Central Solenoid Model Coil (CSMC) Test Facility at the Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA), Naka, Japan. The industrial vendors (the Suppliers) will report to the USIPO (the Company). All approvals to proceed will be issued by the Company, which in some cases, as specified in this document, will also require the approval of the ITER Organization. Responsibilities and obligations will be covered by respective contracts between the USIPO, called Company interchangeably, and the industrial Prime Contractors, called Suppliers. Different stages of work may be performed by more than one Prime Contractor, as described in this specification. Technical requirements of the contract between the Company and the Prime Contractor will be covered by the Fabrication Specifications developed by the Prime Contractor based on this document and approved by the Company and ITER. The Fabrication Specifications may reflect some national requirements and regulations that are not fully provided here. This document presents the ITER CSI specifications.

  11. Project X functional requirements specification

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Holmes, S D; Kephart, R; Kerby, J; Kourbanis, I; Lebedev, V; Mishra, S; Nagaitsev, S; Solyak, N; Tschirhart, R

    2012-01-01

    Project X is a multi-megawatt proton facility being developed to support a world-leading program in Intensity Frontier physics at Fermilab. The facility is designed to support programs in elementary particle and nuclear physics, with possible applications to nuclear energy research. A Functional Requirements Specification has been developed in order to establish performance criteria for the Project X complex in support of these multiple missions, and to assure that the facility is designed with sufficient upgrade capability to provide U.S. leadership for many decades to come. This paper will briefly review the previously described Functional Requirements, and then discuss their recent evolution.

  12. Renewable Energy Specifications, Testing and Certification Terms...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Renewable Energy Specifications, Testing and Certification Terms of Reference Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Renewable Energy Specifications, Testing...

  13. Developing Biological Specifications for Fish Friendly Turbines...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Developing Biological Specifications for Fish Friendly Turbines Developing Biological Specifications for Fish Friendly Turbines This factsheet explains studies conducted in a...

  14. Solar Water Heating: SPECIFICATION, CHECKLIST AND GUIDE

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Water Heating SPECIFICATION, CHECKLIST AND GUIDE Renewable Energy Ready Home Table of Contents About the Renewable Energy Ready Home Specifications Assumptions of the RERH Solar...

  15. The Specification Process Background and Motivation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Demurjian, Steven A.

    Violate Specification Document Minimal Interactions with Customer + 6 #12;+ + Types of Sotware Engineers

  16. Turbine engine lubricant foaming due to silicone basestock used in non-specification spline lubricant

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Centers, P.W.

    1995-05-01

    Dependent upon molecular weight and distribution, concentration, temperature, air flow, and test details or field application, polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) may be neutral, profoamant or antifoamant in polyolesters. This understanding was critical in the solution of a turbine engine lubrication system foaming problem occurring at several military locations. Suspect turbine engine-accessory gearbox assembly materials gathered from several sites were evaluated. One non-specification PDMS-based spline lubricant caused copious foaming of the lubricant at less than ten parts-per-million concentration, while a specification polymethyl-phenylsiloxane (PMPS)-based lubricant required a concentration nearly 2000 times greater to generate equivalent foam. Use of the profoamant PDMS spline lubricant was then prohibited. Since prohibition, foaming of turbine engine lubricants used in the particular application has not been reported. PMPS impact on foaming of ester lubricants is similar to a much more viscous PDMS attributed to the reduced interaction of PMPS in esters due to pendant phenyl structure of PMPS absent in PDMS. These data provide significant additional insight and methodology to investigate foaming tendencies of partially miscible silicone-ester and other fluid systems. 7 refs., 2 figs., 1 tab.

  17. High specific activity silicon-32

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Phillips, Dennis R. (Los Alamos, NM); Brzezinski, Mark A. (Santa Barbara, CA)

    1996-01-01

    A process for preparation of silicon-32 is provided and includes contacting an irradiated potassium chloride target, including spallation products from a prior irradiation, with sufficient water, hydrochloric acid or potassium hydroxide to form a solution, filtering the solution, adjusting pH of the solution to from about 5.5 to about 7.5, admixing sufficient molybdate-reagent to the solution to adjust the pH of the solution to about 1.5 and to form a silicon-molybdate complex, contacting the solution including the silicon-molybdate complex with a dextran-based material, washing the dextran-based material to remove residual contaminants such as sodium-22, separating the silicon-molybdate complex from the dextran-based material as another solution, adding sufficient hydrochloric acid and hydrogen peroxide to the solution to prevent reformation of the silicon-molybdate complex and to yield an oxidization state of the molybdate adapted for subsequent separation by an anion exchange material, contacting the solution with an anion exchange material whereby the molybdate is retained by the anion exchange material and the silicon remains in solution, and optionally adding sufficient alkali metal hydroxide to adjust the pH of the solution to about 12 to 13. Additionally, a high specific activity silicon-32 product having a high purity is provided.

  18. SPACEWAR WIRE MILITARY SPACE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    arrest officer from Azerbaijan over brutal murder NATO chief hopes Putin will attend bloc's June summit

  19. SPACEWAR WIRE MILITARY SPACE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    project Nepal jails six soldiers for murder, human rights violations Ex-Peruvian spy chief wants CIA

  20. Military Parade 1 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Unknown

    2011-09-05

    EMBARGO AND 2005 KATRINA ON ENERGY EFFICIENCY D. Paul Mehta, Ph.D. Professor & Chair Mechanical Engineering Department Director, Industrial Assessment Center Bradley University Peoria, IL 61625 ABSTRACT The need for energy efficiency... captured the attention of all sectors of our society in 1973 when an Oil Embargo was imposed by the oil producing and exporting countries. Interest in energy efficiency continued during the 1980s primarily due to environmental concerns and secondarily...

  1. Recruit Military Job Fair

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Location:FedEx Field, Landover, MD 20785POC: DOECorporateRecruitmentWebsite: https://events.recruitmilitary.com/ 

  2. Comments on: Military

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 OutreachProductswsicloudwsiclouddenDVA N

  3. Superhydrophobic powder additives to enhance chemical agent resistant coating systems for military equipment for the U.S. Marine Corps (USMC) Corrosion Prevention and Control (CPAC) Program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pawel, Steven J.; Armstrong, Beth L.; Haynes, James A.

    2015-07-01

    The primary goal of the CPAC program at ORNL was to explore the feasibility of introducing various silica-based superhydrophobic (SH) powder additives as a way to improve the corrosion resistance of US Department of Defense (DOD) military-grade chemical agent resistant coating (CARC) systems. ORNL had previously developed and patented several SH technologies of interest to the USMC, and one of the objectives of this program was to identify methods to incorporate these technologies into the USMC’s corrosion-resistance strategy. This report discusses findings of the CPAC and their application.

  4. Unit Testing for Casl Architectural Specifications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sannella, Don

    and impractical activity. When only finite sets of interactions are considered, successful testing can accept Unit Testing for Casl Architectural Specifications. The problem of testing modular systems against algebraic specifications is discussed. We focus on systems

  5. Multivariate Statistical Analysis of Assembly Tolerance Specifications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    i Multivariate Statistical Analysis of Assembly Tolerance Specifications A Thesis Presented ..........................................................................................................12 2.6.1 Multivariate Normal Distributions.8.3 Combined Assembly Specification Quality...............................................22 2.9 Multivariate

  6. ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT SITE SPECIFIC ADVISORY BOARD

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ENERGY ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT SITE-SPECIFIC ADVISORY BOARD (EM SSAB) HANFORD Application No. (Please leave blank) MEMBERSHIP APPLICATION (December 2015)...

  7. Enhanced Specific Heat of Silica Donghyun Shin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Banerjee, Debjyoti

    Enhanced Specific Heat of Silica Nanofluid Donghyun Shin Debjyoti Banerjee e-mail: dbanerjee instrument was used to measure the specific heat of the neat molten salt eutectic and after addition of nanoparticles. The specific heat of the nanofluid was enhanced by 19­24%. The mea- surement uncertainty

  8. Specification No. 203-HJT-9000R09000R1a Specification for a Pump System for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McDonald, Kirk

    Specification No. 203-HJT-9000R09000R1a Specification for a Pump System for the High Power Mercury-Jet Target Experiment August 24Nov 1, 2005 #12;Specification for Syringe Pump System High Power Mercury Target Experiment 203-HJT-9000R09000R1a ii SPECIFICATION FOR A PUMP SYSTEM FOR THE HIGH POWER MERCURY

  9. Specification No. 203-HJT-9000R0 Procurement Specification for a Pump

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McDonald, Kirk

    Specification No. 203-HJT-9000R0 Procurement Specification for a Pump System for the High Power Mercury- Jet Target Experiment August 2005 #12;Draft Specification for Syringe Pump System High Power Mercury Target Experiment 203-HJT-9000R0 8/10/05 Draft Draftii SPECIFICATION FOR A PUMP SYSTEM

  10. Methods for chromosome-specific staining

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Gray, J.W.; Pinkel, D.

    1995-09-05

    Methods and compositions for chromosome-specific staining are provided. Compositions comprise heterogeneous mixtures of labeled nucleic acid fragments having substantially complementary base sequences to unique sequence regions of the chromosomal DNA for which their associated staining reagent is specific. Methods include ways for making the chromosome-specific staining compositions of the invention, and methods for applying the staining compositions to chromosomes. 3 figs.

  11. Breckinridge Project, initial effort. Report III, Volume 2. Specifications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1982-01-01

    Report III, Volume 2 contains those specifications numbered K through Y, as follows: Specifications for Compressors (K); Specifications for Piping (L); Specifications for Structures (M); Specifications for Insulation (N); Specifications for Electrical (P); Specifications for Concrete (Q); Specifications for Civil (S); Specifications for Welding (W); Specifications for Painting (X); and Specifications for Special (Y). The standard specifications of Bechtel Petroleum Incorporated have been amended as necessary to reflect the specific requirements of the Breckinridge Project and the more stringent specifications of Ashland Synthetic Fuels, Inc. These standard specifications are available for the Initial Effort (Phase Zero) work performed by all contractors and subcontractors.

  12. Renewable Energy Ready Home Solar Photovoltaic Specifications...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Solar Photovoltaic Specification, Checklist and Guide, from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. rerhsolarelectricguide.pdf More Documents & Publications Solar Water...

  13. Specificity and completion time distributions of biochemical...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    order to produce specific complex structures from a large set of similar biochemical building blocks, many biochemical systems require high sensitivity to small molecular...

  14. ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT SITE-SPECIFIC ADVISORY BOARD

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Paducah Citizens Advisory Board: Ben Peterson, Chair, Renie Barger, Chair-Elect; Robert Smith, Federal Coordinator; Eric Roberts, Contractor Support Staff Portsmouth Site-Specific...

  15. Developing Biological Specifications for Fish Friendly Turbines

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Developing Biological Specifications for Fish Friendly Turbines The U.S. Department of Energy's Advanced Hydropower Turbine Sys- tem (AHTS) Program supports the research and...

  16. Specific heat anomalies of open quantum systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gert-Ludwig Ingold; Peter Hänggi; Peter Talkner

    2009-05-21

    The evaluation of the specific heat of an open, damped quantum system is a subtle issue. One possible route is based on the thermodynamic partition function which is the ratio of the partition functions of system plus bath and of the bath alone. For the free damped particle it has been shown, however, that the ensuing specific heat may become negative for appropriately chosen environments. Being an open system this quantity then naturally must be interpreted as the change of the specific heat obtained as the difference between the specific heat of the heat bath coupled to the system degrees of freedom and the specific heat of the bath alone. While this difference may become negative, the involved specific heats themselves are always positive; thus, the known thermodynamic stability criteria are perfectly guaranteed. For a damped quantum harmonic oscillator, instead of negative values, under appropriate conditions one can observe a dip in the difference of specific heats as a function of temperature. Stylized minimal models containing a single oscillator heat bath are employed to elucidate the occurrence of the anomalous temperature dependence of the corresponding specific heat values. Moreover, we comment on the consequences for the interpretation of the density of states based on the thermal partitionfunction.

  17. Formal Specification of Operating System Operations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Black, Paul E.

    Formal Specification of Operating System Operations Dan Zhou Department of Computer Science.black@nist.gov This paper describes the development of a formal specification for a secure operating system architecture operations. We also provide a uniform environment for system commands that change the security state

  18. Executing Verified Compiler Specification Koji Okuma1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minamide, Yasuhiko

    Executing Verified Compiler Specification Koji Okuma1 and Yasuhiko Minamide2 1 Doctoral Program {okuma,minamide}@score.is.tsukuba.ac.jp Abstract. Much work has been done in verifying a compiler compiler specification and a correct compiler implementation. To fill this gap and obtain a correct

  19. Monitor-Based Formal Specification of PCI

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dill, David L.

    111 Monitor-Based Formal Specification of PCI Monitor-Based Formal Specification of PCI Kanna ContributionsContributions zWith our methodology, zProtocols are more easily specified ­PCI protocol specified zGood debugging strategies ­PCI Protocol Bugs Discovered #12;444 Copyright by Kanna Shimizu 2002777 Methodology

  20. Plutonium Immobilization Can Loading Preliminary Specifications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kriikku, E.

    1998-11-25

    This report discusses the Plutonium Immobilization can loading preliminary equipment specifications and includes a process block diagram, process description, equipment list, preliminary equipment specifications, plan and elevation sketches, and some commercial catalogs. This report identifies loading pucks into cans and backfilling cans with helium as the top priority can loading development areas.

  1. Product specification Supersedes data 1998 Mar 24

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ida, Nathan

    DATA SHEET Product specification Supersedes data 1998 Mar 24 2000 Jun 13 DISCRETE SEMICONDUCTORS KMZ51 Magnetic field sensor M3D495 #12;2000 Jun 13 2 Philips Semiconductors Product specification output voltage 8 -Iflip flip coil handbook, halfpage 41 58 MGD827 pin 1 index Hext Fig.1 Simplified

  2. Improvements to Technical Specifications surveillance requirements

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lobel, R.; Tjader, T.R.

    1992-12-01

    In August 1983 an NRC task group was formed to investigate problems with surveillance testing required by Technical Specifications, and to recommend approaches to effect improvements. NUREG-1024 ( Technical Specifications-Enhancing Safety Impact'') resulted, and it contained recommendations to review the basis for test frequencies; to ensure that the tests promote safety and do not degrade equipment; and to review surveillance tests so that they do not unnecessarily burden personnel. The Technical Specifications Improvement Program (TSIP) was established in December 1984 to provide the framework for rewriting and improving the Technical Specifications. As an element of the TSIP, all Technical Specifications surveillance requirements were comprehensively examined as recommended in NUREG-1024. The results of that effort are presented in this report. The study found that while some testing at power is essential to verify equipment and system operability, safety can be improved, equipment degradation decreased, and unnecessary personnel burden relaxed by reducing the amount of testing at power.

  3. Soil Profile Rebuilding Specification (Brief Version)--1 Soil Profile Rebuilding--Abbreviated Specification

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Virginia Tech

    Soil Profile Rebuilding Specification (Brief Version)--1 Soil Profile Rebuilding--Abbreviated Specification Specification for Restoration of Graded and Compacted Soils that will be Vegetated 1. PURPOSE AND DESCRIPTION Purpose Soil Profile Rebuilding is an appropriate soil restoration technique for sites where

  4. Evaluation of compost specifications for stormwater management 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Birt, Lindsay Nicole

    2009-05-15

    , and interrill erodibility were determined and compared across five compost treatments following TxDOT specifications for compost applied as an erosion control and two control treatments of topsoil (TS) and hydroseeding (HS) applied at 5 cm depth. The simulator...

  5. BRASIL Language Specification March 9, 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    BRASIL Language Specification March 9, 2010 #12;Contents 1 Introduction 3 2 Getting Started: Simulations in BRASIL 4 2.1 The State-Effect Design Pattern . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 2.2 Supporting the State-Effect Pattern in BRASIL

  6. SAVCBS 2003 Specification and Verification of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leavens, Gary T.

    Specifications in the Development Process: An AsmL Demonstration 97 Mike Barnett (Microsoft Research) Mae COMMITTEE Mike Barnett (Microsoft Research, USA) Mike Barnett is a Research Software Design Engineer

  7. Double Shell Tank (DST) Utilities Specification

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    SUSIENE, W.T.

    2000-04-27

    This specification establishes the performance requirements and provides the references to the requisite codes and standards to he applied during the design of the Double-Shell Tank (DST) Utilities Subsystems that support the first phase of waste feed delivery (WFD). The DST Utilities Subsystems provide electrical power, raw/potable water, and service/instrument air to the equipment and structures used to transfer low-activity waste (LAW) and high-level waste (HLW) to designated DST staging tanks. The DST Utilities Subsystems also support the equipment and structures used to deliver blended LAW and HLW feed from these staging tanks to the River Protection Project (RPP) Privatization Contractor facility where the waste will be immobilized. This specification is intended to be the basis for new projects/installations. This specification is not intended to retroactively affect previously established project design criteria without specific direction by the program.

  8. Specification for the Open Checklist Interactive

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    responsibilities include the development of technical, physical, administrative, and management standards Security Division Information Technology Laboratory National Institute of Standards and Technology of Standards and Technology Dr. Patrick D. Gallagher, Director NIST Interagency Report 7692 #12;SPECIFICATION

  9. Dimerization specificities of leucine zipper mutants 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rieker, Jennifer Dawn

    2013-02-22

    -1 DIMEItIZA TION SPECIFICITIES OF LEUCINE ZIPPER MUTAIV TS A Senior Thesis By Jennifer Dawn Rieker 1997-98 University Undergraduate Research Fellow Texas ARM University Group: Biochemistry/Chemistry DIMERIZATION SPECIFICITIES OF LEUCINE ZIPPER... MUTANTS by Jennifer Dawn Rieker Submitted to the Office of Honors Programs and Academic Scholarships, Texas AkM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for 1997-98 UNVERSITY UNDERGRADUATE RESEARCH FELLOWS PROGRAM April 16, 1998...

  10. Indoor airPLUS Construction Specifications | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Specifications Indoor airPLUS Construction Specifications Indoor airPLUS Construction Specifications Version 1 (Rev. 01) EPA 402K-13001, February 2013 iaprev1.pdf More Documents...

  11. Indoor airPLUS Construction Specifications Version 1 (Rev. 02...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Specifications Version 1 (Rev. 02) Indoor airPLUS Construction Specifications Version 1 (Rev. 02) Indoor airPLUS Construction Specifications Version 1 (Rev. 02), November 2013,...

  12. Performance analysis of cofiring densified refuse derived fuel in a military boiler. Final report Aug 80-Sep 81

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1981-12-01

    This report provides an overview of existing densified refuse-derived fuel (dRDF) receiving, storage, handling and combustion equipment at Wright-Patterson Air Foce Base. DRDF is being burned as part of a long term alternative fuel evaluation program to develop design and procurement criteria for multiple fuel boilers. Recommendations are offered for specific equipment, procedural changes, and studies to improve the efficacy of the present configurations of dRDF as a fuel. A discussion of the fuel use criteria is presented. The options for continuing the present dRDF supply arrangement vs. the feasibility of local production of dRDF are presented. Research needs are summarized. A preemptive, integrated local synthetic solid fuel production facility and boiler performance test is recommended as a continuation of the program.

  13. The Specific Heat of a Ferromagnetic Film.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    F. Freire; Denjoe O'Connor; C. R. Stephens

    1995-03-19

    We analyze the specific heat for the $O(N)$ vector model on a $d$-dimensional film geometry of thickness $L$ using ``environmentally friendly'' renormalization. We consider periodic, Dirichlet and antiperiodic boundary conditions, deriving expressions for the specific heat and an effective specific heat exponent, $\\alpha\\ef$. In the case of $d=3$, for $N=1$, by matching to the exact exponent of the two dimensional Ising model we capture the crossover for $\\xi_L\\ra\\infty$ between power law behaviour in the limit ${L\\over\\xi_L}\\ra\\infty$ and logarithmic behaviour in the limit ${L\\over\\xi_L}\\ra0$ for fixed $L$, where $\\xi_L$ is the correlation length in the transverse dimensions.

  14. US Department of Transportation specification packages evaluation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ratledge, J.E.; Rawl, R.R.

    1992-01-01

    Specification packages are broad families of package designs and approved by the Department of Transportation (DOT) for transport of certain classes of radioactive materials, with each specification containing a number of designs of various sizes. Many of the individual package designs are not supported by reasonably current safety analyses. The Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) asked Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) staff to collect all related information, perform analyses, and identify alternative actions that will enable NRC and DOT to make informed decisions on whether to retain, withdraw, or modify the existing regulatory permission for the use of specification packages to transport radioactive and fissile materials. This paper presents the background, issues, and progress made in this activity.

  15. US Department of Transportation specification packages evaluation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ratledge, J.E.; Rawl, R.R.

    1992-03-01

    Specification packages are broad families of package designs and approved by the Department of Transportation (DOT) for transport of certain classes of radioactive materials, with each specification containing a number of designs of various sizes. Many of the individual package designs are not supported by reasonably current safety analyses. The Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) asked Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) staff to collect all related information, perform analyses, and identify alternative actions that will enable NRC and DOT to make informed decisions on whether to retain, withdraw, or modify the existing regulatory permission for the use of specification packages to transport radioactive and fissile materials. This paper presents the background, issues, and progress made in this activity.

  16. AWS breaks new ground with soldering specification.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vianco, Paul Thomas

    2008-08-01

    Joining technologies continue to advance with new materials, process innovations, and inspection techniques. An increasing number of high-valued, high-reliability applications -- from boilers and ship hulls to rocket motors and medical devices -- have required the development of industry standards and specifications in order to ensure that the best design and manufacturing practices are being used to produce safe, durable products and assemblies. Standards writing has always had an important role at the American Welding Society (AWS). The AWS standards and specifications cover such topics as filler materials, joining processes, inspection techniques, and qualification methods that are used in welding and brazing technologies. These AWS standards and specifications, all of which are approved by the American National Standards Institute (ANSI), have also provided the basis for many similar documents used in Europe and in Pacific Rim countries.

  17. ROC analysis in patient specific quality assurance

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Carlone, Marco; MacPherson, Miller; Cruje, Charmainne; Rangel, Alejandra; McCabe, Ryan; Nielsen, Michelle

    2013-04-15

    Purpose: This work investigates the use of receiver operating characteristic (ROC) methods in patient specific IMRT quality assurance (QA) in order to determine unbiased methods to set threshold criteria for {gamma}-distance to agreement measurements. Methods: A group of 17 prostate plans was delivered as planned while a second group of 17 prostate plans was modified with the introduction of random multileaf collimator (MLC) position errors that are normally distributed with {sigma}{approx}{+-}0.5, {+-}1.0, {+-}2.0, and {+-}3.0 mm (a total of 68 modified plans were created). All plans were evaluated using five different {gamma}-criteria. ROC methodology was applied by quantifying the fraction of modified plans reported as 'fail' and unmodified plans reported as 'pass.'Results: {gamma}-based criteria were able to attain nearly 100% sensitivity/specificity in the detection of large random errors ({sigma} > 3 mm). Sensitivity and specificity decrease rapidly for all {gamma}-criteria as the size of error to be detected decreases below 2 mm. Predictive power is null with all criteria used in the detection of small MLC errors ({sigma} < 0.5 mm). Optimal threshold values were established by determining which criteria maximized sensitivity and specificity. For 3%/3 mm {gamma}-criteria, optimal threshold values range from 92% to 99%, whereas for 2%/2 mm, the range was from 77% to 94%. Conclusions: The optimal threshold values that were determined represent a maximized test sensitivity and specificity and are not subject to any user bias. When applied to the datasets that we studied, our results suggest the use of patient specific QA as a safety tool that can effectively prevent large errors (e.g., {sigma} > 3 mm) as opposed to a tool to improve the quality of IMRT delivery.

  18. DDI Specification: Current Status and Outlook

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, Wendy; Gregory, Arofan

    2013-04-03

    DDI Specification: Current Status and Outlook Wendy Thomas Arofan Gregory NADDI 2013 3.2 Public Review 3.2 schema complete and in subversion site branches/proposed3.2/schema Field level documentation has been revised throughout and is available...DDI Specification: Current Status and Outlook Wendy Thomas Arofan Gregory NADDI 2013 3.2 Public Review • 3.2 schema complete and in subversion site branches/proposed3.2/schema • Field level documentation has been revised throughout...

  19. Engineered waste-package-system design specification

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1983-05-01

    This report documents the waste package performance requirements and geologic and waste form data bases used in developing the conceptual designs for waste packages for salt, tuff, and basalt geologies. The data base reflects the latest geotechnical information on the geologic media of interest. The parameters or characteristics specified primarily cover spent fuel, defense high-level waste, and commercial high-level waste forms. The specification documents the direction taken during the conceptual design activity. A separate design specification will be developed prior to the start of the preliminary design activity.

  20. COS FUV Grating Holographic Recording Specification

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Colorado at Boulder, University of

    COS FUV Grating Holographic Recording Specification Date: February 3, 2000 Document Number: COS-08, COS Instrument Scientist, CU/CASA Date Reviewed By: R. Cahill 11-17-98 R. Cahill, Optical Designer-12-98 J. Andrews, COS Experiment Manager, CU/CASA Date Approved By: J. Green 11-13-98 J. C. Green, COS

  1. Unit Testing for Casl Architectural Specifications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sannella, Don

    and impractical activity. When only finite sets of interactions are considered, successful testing can acceptUnit Testing for Casl Architectural Specifications Patricia D.L. Machado 1 and Donald Sannella 2 1 Science, University of Edinburgh Abstract. The problem of testing modular systems against algebraic

  2. Unit Testing for Casl Architectural Specifications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sannella, Don

    and impractical activity. When only finite sets of interactions are considered, successful testing can acceptUnit Testing for Casl Architectural Specifications Patricia D.L. Machado1 and Donald Sannella2 1 Science, University of Edinburgh Abstract. The problem of testing modular systems against algebraic

  3. Site-specific strategies for cotton management 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stabile, Marcelo de Castro Chaves

    2005-08-29

    and their outcomes are promising. Historical yield data from yield monitors and height data from the HMAP (plant height mapping) system were used to select representative areas within the field, and areas of average conditions were used as sampling sites... II USE OF SITE-SPECIFIC DATA FOR COTMAN SITE SELECTION ...................6 Introduction............................................................................................................6 Literature Review...

  4. Pairing and specific heat in hot nuclei

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Danilo Gambacurta; Denis Lacroix; Nicu Sandulescu

    2013-07-15

    The thermodynamics of pairing phase-transition in nuclei is studied in the canonical ensemble and treating the pairing correlations in a finite-temperature variation after projection BCS approach (FT-VAP). Due to the restoration of particle number conservation, the pairing gap and the specific heat calculated in the FT-VAP approach vary smoothly with the temperature, indicating a gradual transition from the superfluid to the normal phase, as expected in finite systems. We have checked that the predictions of the FT-VAP approach are very accurate when compared to the results obtained by an exact diagonalization of the pairing Hamiltonian. The influence of pairing correlations on specific heat is analysed for the isotopes $^{161,162}$Dy and $^{171,172}$Yb. It is shown that the FT-VAP approach, applied with a level density provided by mean field calculations and supplemented, at high energies, by the level density of the back-shifted Fermi gas model, can approximate reasonably well the main properties of specific heat extracted from experimental data. However, the detailed shape of the calculated specific heat is rather sensitive to the assumption made for the mean field.

  5. Signature and Specification Matching Amy Moormann Zaremski

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , software libraries, component retrieval, library indexing, sub­ typing, signature matching, specification matching #12; Abstract Large libraries of software components hold great potential as a resource for software engineers, but to utilize them fully, we need to be able: (1) to locate components in the library

  6. The Technical Specification for the Security Content

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Gallagher, Under Secretary for Standards and Technology and Director #12;The Technical Specification's responsibilities include the development of technical, physical, administrative, and management standards of Standards and Technology Special Publication 800-126, Revision 2 58 pages (Sep. 2011) #12;The Technical

  7. The Technical Specification for the Security Content

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .S. economy and public welfare by providing technical leadership for the nation`s measurement and standards include the development of technical, physical, administrative, and management standards and guidelinesThe Technical Specification for the Security Content Automation Protocol (SCAP): SCAP Version 1

  8. On Hydrophobicity and Conformational Specificity in Proteins

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sandelin, Erik

    On Hydrophobicity and Conformational Specificity in Proteins Erik Sandelin1 2 Stockholm of monomeric globular single domain proteins. We find that the total fraction of hydrophobic residues is roughly constant and has no discernible dependence on protein size. This results in a decrease

  9. Generating Test Data From Statebased Specifications 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Offutt, Jeff

    Generating Test Data From State­based Specifications 1 A. Jefferson Offutt 1 , Shaoying Liu 2 testing in industry is conducted at the system level, most formal research has focused on the unit level. As a result, most system level testing techniques are only described informally. This paper presents formal

  10. Product specification Supersedes data of September 1994

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wedeward, Kevin

    Semiconductors, SC04 1997 Jul 15 DISCRETE SEMICONDUCTORS 2N3904 NPN switching transistor book, halfpage M3D186 #12;1997 Jul 15 2 Philips Semiconductors Product specification NPN switching transistor 2N3904 DESCRIPTION 1 collector 2 base 3 emitter Fig.1 Simplified outline (TO-92; SOT54) and symbol. handbook

  11. Product specification Supercedes data of September 1994

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wedeward, Kevin

    Semiconductors, SC04 1997 Jun 20 DISCRETE SEMICONDUCTORS 2N3906 PNP switching transistor book, halfpage M3D186 #12;1997 Jun 20 2 Philips Semiconductors Product specification PNP switching transistor 2N390654) and symbol. handbook, halfpage1 3 2 MAM280 1 2 3 QUICK REFERENCE DATA SYMBOL PARAMETER CONDITIONS

  12. Ultrasonic hydrometer. [Specific gravity of electrolyte

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Swoboda, C.A.

    1982-03-09

    The disclosed ultrasonic hydrometer determines the specific gravity (density) of the electrolyte of a wet battery, such as a lead-acid battery. The hydrometer utilizes a transducer that when excited emits an ultrasonic impulse that traverses through the electrolyte back and forth between spaced sonic surfaces. The transducer detects the returning impulse, and means measures the time t between the initial and returning impulses. Considering the distance d between the spaced sonic surfaces and the measured time t, the sonic velocity V is calculated with the equation V = 2d/t. The hydrometer also utilizes a thermocouple to measure the electrolyte temperature. A hydrometer database correlates three variable parameters including sonic velocity in and temperature and specific gravity of the electrolyte, for temperature values between 0 and 40/sup 0/C and for specific gravity values between 1.05 and 1.30. Upon knowing two parameters (the calculated sonic velocity and the measured temperature), the third parameter (specific gravity) can be uniquely found in the database. The hydrometer utilizes a microprocessor for data storage and manipulation.

  13. Transforming and Refining Abstract Constraint Specifications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walsh, Toby

    Transforming and Refining Abstract Constraint Specifications Alan M. Frisch1 , Brahim Hnich2 , Ian choose model transformations to reduce greatly the amount of effort that is required to solve a problem by systematic search. It is a consid- erable challenge to automate such transformations. A problem may be viewed

  14. Ultrahigh Specific Impulse Nuclear Thermal Propulsion

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Anne Charmeau; Brandon Cunningham; Samim Anghaie

    2009-02-09

    Research on nuclear thermal propulsion systems (NTP) have been in forefront of the space nuclear power and propulsion due to their design simplicity and their promise for providing very high thrust at reasonably high specific impulse. During NERVA-ROVER program in late 1950's till early 1970's, the United States developed and ground tested about 18 NTP systems without ever deploying them into space. The NERVA-ROVER program included development and testing of NTP systems with very high thrust (~250,000 lbf) and relatively high specific impulse (~850 s). High thrust to weight ratio in NTP systems is an indicator of high acceleration that could be achieved with these systems. The specific impulse in the lowest mass propellant, hydrogen, is a function of square root of absolute temperature in the NTP thrust chamber. Therefor optimizing design performance of NTP systems would require achieving the highest possible hydrogen temperature at reasonably high thrust to weight ratio. High hydrogen exit temperature produces high specific impulse that is a diret measure of propellant usage efficiency.

  15. Original Investigation Vessel Specific Coronary Artery

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Vliet, Lucas J.

    Original Investigation Vessel Specific Coronary Artery Calcium Scoring: An Automatic System Rahil heart as well as per coronary artery on non-contrast-enhanced cardiac computed tomographic images and tested on 157 data sets. Statistical testing included determining Pearson's correlation coefficients

  16. Original Investigations Vessel Specific Coronary Artery

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Vliet, Lucas J.

    Original Investigations Vessel Specific Coronary Artery Calcium Scoring: An Automatic System Rahil heart as well as per coronary artery on non-contrast-enhanced cardiac computed tomographic images and tested on 157 data sets. Statistical testing included determining Pearson's correlation coefficients

  17. specificity of genomics-based protein-function prediction, although whether specific experimental testing of protein

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lässig, Michael

    specificity of genomics-based protein-function prediction, although whether specific experimental interactome. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 98, 4569­4574 9 Dwight, S.S. et al. (2002) Saccharomyces Genome for predicting protein­protein interactions from genomic data. Science 302, 449­453 17 Troyanskaya, O.G. et al

  18. The effect of sociocultural factors on the quality of relations of the United States with Hispaniola: analysis of the American military occupation of Haiti and the Dominican Republic (1915-1934) 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alvarez, Fausto B.

    1988-01-01

    with Hispaniola reveals a strong emphasis on economic and strategic interests (see, for example, Langley, 1983' Wiarda and Kryzanek, 1982; Langley, 1982; Lowenthal, 1972, 1969; Knight, 1970). Therefore, the sociological significance of this study... with the role of social and cultural factors involved in the application of this policy. Melvin Knight, an American historian who had first-hand acquaintance with and who wrote about the military occupation of Hispaniola, described this "dilemma" as follows...

  19. Specific heat in two-dimensional melting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sven Deutschländer; Antonio M. Puertas; Georg Maret; Peter Keim

    2014-05-14

    We report the specific heat $c_N$ around the melting transition(s) of micrometer-sized superparamagnetic particles confined in two dimensions, calculated from fluctuations of positions and internal energy, and corresponding Monte Carlo simulations. Since colloidal systems provide single particle resolution, they offer the unique possibility to compare the experimental temperatures of peak position of $c_N(T)$ and symmetry breaking, respectively. While order parameter correlation functions confirm the Kosterlitz-Thouless-Halperin-Nelson-Young melting scenario where translational and orientational order symmetries are broken at different temperatures with an intermediate so called hexatic phase, we observe a single peak of the specific heat within the hexatic phase, with excellent agreement between experiment and simulation. Thus, the peak is not associated with broken symmetries but can be explained with the total defect density, which correlates with the maximum increase of isolated dislocations. The absence of a latent heat strongly supports the continuous character of both transitions.

  20. Entanglement area law from specific heat capacity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernando G. S. L. Brandao; Marcus Cramer

    2015-08-20

    We study the scaling of entanglement in low-energy states of quantum many-body models on lattices of arbitrary dimensions. We allow for unbounded Hamiltonians such that systems with bosonic degrees of freedom are included. We show that if at low enough temperatures the specific heat capacity of the model decays exponentially with inverse temperature, the entanglement in every low-energy state satisfies an area law (with a logarithmic correction). This behaviour of the heat capacity is typically observed in gapped systems. Assuming merely that the low-temperature specific heat decays polynomially with temperature, we find a subvolume scaling of entanglement. Our results give experimentally verifiable conditions for area laws, show that they are a generic property of low-energy states of matter, and, to the best of our knowledge, constitute the first proof of an area law for unbounded Hamiltonians beyond those that are integrable.

  1. Cesium-specific phenolic ion exchange resin

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bibler, Jane P. (Aiken, SC); Wallace, Richard M. (Aiken, SC)

    1995-01-01

    A phenolic, cesium-specific, cation exchange resin is prepared by neutralizing resorcinol with potassium hydroxide, condensing/polymerizing the resulting intermediate with formaldehyde, heat-curing the resulting polymer to effect cross-linking and grinding it to desired particle size for use. This resin will selectively and efficiently adsorb cesium ions in the presence of a high concentration of sodium ions with a low carbon to cesium ratio.

  2. Performance specifications for proton medical facility

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chu, W.T.; Staples, J.W.; Ludewigt, B.A.; Renner, T.R.; Singh, R.P.; Nyman, M.A.; Collier, J.M.; Daftari, I.K.; Petti, P.L.; Alonso, J.R. [Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States); Kubo, H.; Verhey, L.J. [University of California Davis Medical Center, Sacramento, CA (United States). Cancer Center]|[California Univ., San Francisco, CA (United States). School of Medicine; Castro, J.R. [Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States)]|[University of California Davis Medical Center, Sacramento, CA (United States). Cancer Center]|[California Univ., San Francisco, CA (United States). School of Medicine

    1993-03-01

    Performance specifications of technical components of a modern proton radiotherapy facility are presented. The technical items specified include: the accelerator; the beam transport system including rotating gantry; the treatment beamline systems including beam scattering, beam scanning, and dosimetric instrumentation; and an integrated treatment and accelerator control system. Also included are treatment ancillary facilities such as diagnostic tools, patient positioning and alignment devices, and treatment planning systems. The facility specified will accommodate beam scanning enabling the three-dimensional conformal therapy deliver .

  3. Cesium-specific phenolic ion exchange resin

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bibler, J.P.; Wallace, R.M.

    1995-08-15

    A phenolic, cesium-specific, cation exchange resin is prepared by neutralizing resorcinol with potassium hydroxide, condensing/polymerizing the resulting intermediate with formaldehyde, heat-curing the resulting polymer to effect cross-linking and grinding it to desired particle size for use. This resin will selectively and efficiently adsorb cesium ions in the presence of a high concentration of sodium ions with a low carbon to cesium ratio. 2 figs.

  4. Alternative Fuels Data Center: ASTM Biodiesel Specifications

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onPropanePropaneAlternativeASTM Biodiesel Specifications

  5. The specific heat of pure and hydrogenated amorphous silicon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Queen, Daniel Robert

    2011-01-01

    5 Specific heat of electron beam evaporated amorphous 5.1silicon 6 Specific heat of hydrogenated CVD technique 6.1The high temperature specific heat of HWCVD a-Si:H grown at

  6. Testing from Structured Algebraic Specifications: The Oracle Problem 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Machado, Patricia D L

    Work in the area of specification-based testing has pointed out that testing can be effectively used to verify programs against formal specifications. The aim is to derive test information from formal specifications so ...

  7. Production Of High Specific Activity Copper-67

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Jamriska, Sr., David J. (Los Alamos, NM); Taylor, Wayne A. (Los Alamos, NM); Ott, Martin A. (Los Alamos, NM); Fowler, Malcolm (Los Alamos, NM); Heaton, Richard C. (Los Alamos, NM)

    2003-10-28

    A process for the selective production and isolation of high specific activity Cu.sup.67 from proton-irradiated enriched Zn.sup.70 target comprises target fabrication, target irradiation with low energy (<25 MeV) protons, chemical separation of the Cu.sup.67 product from the target material and radioactive impurities of gallium, cobalt, iron, and stable aluminum via electrochemical methods or ion exchange using both anion and cation organic ion exchangers, chemical recovery of the enriched Zn.sup.70 target material, and fabrication of new targets for re-irradiation is disclosed.

  8. Production Of High Specific Activity Copper-67

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Jamriska, Sr., David J. (Los Alamos, NM); Taylor, Wayne A. (Los Alamos, NM); Ott, Martin A. (Los Alamos, NM); Fowler, Malcolm (Los Alamos, NM); Heaton, Richard C. (Los Alamos, NM)

    2002-12-03

    A process for the selective production and isolation of high specific activity cu.sup.67 from proton-irradiated enriched Zn.sup.70 target comprises target fabrication, target irradiation with low energy (<25 MeV) protons, chemical separation of the Cu.sup.67 product from the target material and radioactive impurities of gallium, cobalt, iron, and stable aluminum via electrochemical methods or ion exchange using both anion and cation organic ion exchangers, chemical recovery of the enriched Zn.sup.70 target material, and fabrication of new targets for re-irradiation is disclosed.

  9. Oak Ridge Site Specific Advisory Board

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirley Ann Jackson About1996How to ApplytheExecutive71.1 OMB ControlOak ofSite Specific

  10. Oak Ridge Site Specific Advisory Board

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirley Ann Jackson About1996How to ApplytheExecutive71.1 OMB ControlOak ofSite Specific January 12,

  11. Oak Ridge Site Specific Advisory Board

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirley Ann Jackson About1996How to ApplytheExecutive71.1 OMB ControlOak ofSite Specific January 12,

  12. Oak Ridge Site Specific Advisory Board

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirley Ann Jackson About1996How to ApplytheExecutive71.1 OMB ControlOak ofSite Specific January 12,9,

  13. Oak Ridge Site Specific Advisory Board

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirley Ann Jackson About1996How to ApplytheExecutive71.1 OMB ControlOak ofSite Specific January

  14. Oak Ridge Site Specific Advisory Board

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirley Ann Jackson About1996How to ApplytheExecutive71.1 OMB ControlOak ofSite Specific January3

  15. Oak Ridge Site Specific Advisory Board

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirley Ann Jackson About1996How to ApplytheExecutive71.1 OMB ControlOak ofSite Specific

  16. Oak Ridge Site Specific Advisory Board

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirley Ann Jackson About1996How to ApplytheExecutive71.1 OMB ControlOak ofSite SpecificOak Ridge Site

  17. Oak Ridge Site Specific Advisory Board

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirley Ann Jackson About1996How to ApplytheExecutive71.1 OMB ControlOak ofSite SpecificOak Ridge

  18. Oak Ridge Site Specific Advisory Board

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirley Ann Jackson About1996How to ApplytheExecutive71.1 OMB ControlOak ofSite SpecificOak Ridge3:

  19. Oak Ridge Site Specific Advisory Board

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirley Ann Jackson About1996How to ApplytheExecutive71.1 OMB ControlOak ofSite SpecificOak Ridge3:4:

  20. Oak Ridge Site Specific Advisory Board

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirley Ann Jackson About1996How to ApplytheExecutive71.1 OMB ControlOak ofSite SpecificOak

  1. Oak Ridge Site Specific Advisory Board

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirley Ann Jackson About1996How to ApplytheExecutive71.1 OMB ControlOak ofSite SpecificOak4 Annual

  2. Oak Ridge Site Specific Advisory Board

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirley Ann Jackson About1996How to ApplytheExecutive71.1 OMB ControlOak ofSite SpecificOak4

  3. Oak Ridge Site Specific Advisory Board

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirley Ann Jackson About1996How to ApplytheExecutive71.1 OMB ControlOak ofSite SpecificOak41, 2015

  4. Oak Ridge Site Specific Advisory Board

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirley Ann Jackson About1996How to ApplytheExecutive71.1 OMB ControlOak ofSite SpecificOak41,

  5. Oak Ridge Site Specific Advisory Board

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirley Ann Jackson About1996How to ApplytheExecutive71.1 OMB ControlOak ofSite SpecificOak41,Tuesday,

  6. FTCP Site Specific Information | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergy A plug-inPPLfor InnovativeProcessing22,673,list7.pdfFORD FORDDepartmentSite Specific

  7. Specifications and Test Procedures | Argonne National Laboratory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust,Field-effect Photovoltaics -7541C.3 Special Report: OAS-RA-14-03SpecializedSpecifications

  8. Specifications of the octupole magnets required for the ATF2...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Technical Report: Specifications of the octupole magnets required for the ATF2 ultra-low * lattice Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Specifications of the octupole...

  9. An Object-Oriented Algebraic Steam-Boiler Control Specification

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ã?lveczky, Peter Csaba

    An Object-Oriented Algebraic Steam-Boiler Control Specification computations cannot happen. 1 Introduction The steam-boiler control specification problem has been

  10. How to Design and Market Energy Efficiency Programs to Specific...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Design and Market Energy Efficiency Programs to Specific Neighborhoods How to Design and Market Energy Efficiency Programs to Specific Neighborhoods This presentation, given...

  11. Global and site specific multimedia (field) studies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cutshall, N.H.; Guerin, M.R.

    1987-01-01

    Experience with radioactive fallout, with organic contaminants and with heavy metals has amply demonstrated that cross-media transfers are common and that understanding the transport, cycling, and fate of these contaminants requires a multimedia approach. Nonetheless, pollutants with similar physical and chemical attributes may follow markedly different pathways. The frequency of exceptions to predictions based on simplistic models is also sufficient to show that direct investigation of environmental contamination is essential to confirm validity of models used for conceptualizing a problem or for control. Modeling based on multimedia premises and regulatory controls that encompass multimedia considerations are challenged by a dilemma, however. First, the development of multimedia models or regulatory frameworks represents simplification and generalization. This is true for several reasons: (1) inadequate understanding of physical and environmental factors which control specific cross-media transfer; (2) the absence of specific data on certain multimedia pollutant concentrations; (3) even the most powerful computers do not have sufficient speed and capacity to deal with the known complexities of natural systems. On the other hand, for contaminants such as mercury, it may be necessary to include great detail; the overall distribution in the environment may be less important than the rate of some minor process. With sufficient experience and good judgment of what can be ignored, the simplifications and generalizations can be made. For the present, and for the foreseeable future, however, they absolutely must be accompanied by thorough field validation and monitoring.

  12. Evolution and Development of Effective Feedstock Specifications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Garold Gresham; Rachel Emerson; Amber Hoover; Amber Miller; William Bauer; Kevin Kenney

    2013-09-01

    The U.S. Department of Energy promotes the production of a range of liquid fuels and fuel blend stocks from lignocellulosic biomass feedstocks by funding fundamental and applied research that advances the state of technology in biomass collection, conversion, and sustainability. As part of its involvement in this program, the Idaho National Laboratory (INL) investigates the feedstock logistics economics and sustainability of these fuels. The 2012 feedstock logistics milestone demonstrated that for high-yield areas that minimize the transportation distances of a low-density, unstable biomass, we could achieve a delivered cost of $35/ton. Based on current conventional equipment and processes, the 2012 logistics design is able to deliver the volume of biomass needed to fulfill the 2012 Renewable Fuel Standard’s targets for ethanol. However, the Renewable Fuel Standard’s volume targets are continuing to increase and are expected to peak in 2022 at 36 billion gallons. Meeting these volume targets and achieving a national-scale biofuels industry will require expansion of production capacity beyond the 2012 Conventional Feedstock Supply Design Case to access diverse available feedstocks, regardless of their inherent ability to meet preliminary biorefinery quality feedstock specifications. Implementation of quality specifications (specs), as outlined in the 2017 Design Case – “Feedstock Supply System Design and Economics for Conversion of Lignocellulosic Biomass to Hydrocarbon Fuels” (in progress), requires insertion of deliberate, active quality controls into the feedstock supply chain, whereas the 2012 Conventional Design only utilizes passive quality controls.

  13. Isotope Specific Remediation Media and Systems - 13614

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Denton, Mark S.; Mertz, Joshua L. [Kurion, Inc. Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831 (United States)] [Kurion, Inc. Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831 (United States); Morita, Keisuke [Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Tokai Research and Development Center, Fukushima Project Team, Tokai-mura, Ibaraki-ken, 319-1195 (Japan)] [Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Tokai Research and Development Center, Fukushima Project Team, Tokai-mura, Ibaraki-ken, 319-1195 (Japan)

    2013-07-01

    On March 11, 2011, now two years ago, the magnitude 9.0 Great East Japan earthquake, Tohoku, hit off the Fukushima coast of Japan. While, of course, most of the outcome of this unprecedented natural and manmade disaster was a negative, both in Japan and worldwide, there have been some extremely invaluable lessons learned and new emergency recovery technologies and systems developed. As always, the mother of invention is necessity. Among these developments has been the development and full-scale implementation of proven isotope specific media (ISMs) with the intent of surgically removing specific hazardous isotopes for the purpose of minimizing dose to workers and the environment. The first such ISMs to be deployed at the Fukushima site were those removing cesium (Cs-137) and iodine (I-129). Since deployment on June 17, 2011, along with treated cooling water recycle, some 70% of the curies in the building liquid wastes have been removed by the Kurion system alone. The current levels of cesium are now only 2% of the original levels. Such an unprecedented, 'external cooling system' not only allowed the eventual cold shut down of the reactors in mid-December, 2011, but has allowed workers to concentrate on the cleanup of other areas of the site. Water treatment will continue for quite some time due to continued leakage into the buildings and the eventual goal of cleaning up the reactors and fuel pools themselves. With the cesium removal now in routine operation, other isotopes of concern are likely to become priorities. One such isotope is that of strontium, and yttrium (Sr-90 and Y-90), which is still at original levels causing further dose issues as well as impediments to discharge of the treated waste waters. For over a year now, a new synthetic strontium specific media has been under development and testing both in our licensed facility in Oak Ridge, Tennessee, but also in confirmatory tests by the Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) in Japan for Tokyo Electric Power Company (TEPCO). The tests have proven quite successful, even in high salt conditions, and, with loading and dose calculations being completed, will be proposed to add to the existing cesium system. There is no doubt, as high gamma isotopes are removed, other recalcitrant isotopes such as this will require innovative removal media, systems and techniques. Also coming out of this international effort are other ISM media and systems that can be applied more broadly to both Commercial Nuclear Power Plants (NPPs) as well as in Department of Energy (DOE) applications. This cesium and strontium specific media has further been successfully tested in 2012 at a Magnox station in the UK. The resulting proposed mitigation systems for pond and vault cleanup look quite promising. An extremely unusual ISM for carbon 14 (C-14), nickel (Ni-63) and cesium (Cs-137) has been developed for Diablo Canyon NPP for dose reduction testing in their fuel pool. These media will be deployed in Submersible Media Filter (SMF) and Submersible Columns (SC) systems adapted to standard Tri-Nuclear{sup R} housings common in the U.S. and UK. External Vessel Systems (mini-Fukushima) have also been developed as a second mitigation system for D and D and outages. Finally, technetium (Tc- 99) specific media developed for the Waste Treatment Plant (WTP) recycle or condensate (secondary) waste streams (WM 2011) are being further perfected and tested for At-Tank Tc-99 removal, as well as At Tank Cs media. In addition to the on-going media development, systems for deploying such media have developed over the last year and are in laboratory- and full-scale testing. These systems include the fore mentioned Submersible Media Filters (SMF), Submersible Columns (SC) and external pilot- and full-scale, lead-lag, canister systems. This paper will include the media development and testing, as well as that of the deployment systems themselves. (authors)

  14. Chiral specific electron vortex beam spectroscopy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. Yuan; S. M. Lloyd; M. Babiker

    2013-07-29

    Electron vortex beams carry well-defined orbital angular momentum (OAM) about the propagation axis. Such beams are thus characterised by chirality features which make them potentially useful as probes of magnetic and other chiral materials. An analysis of the inelastic processes in which electron vortex beams interact with atoms and which involve OAM exchange is outlined, leading to the multipolar selection rules governing this chiral specific electron vortex beam spectroscopy. Our results show clearly that the selection rules are dependent on the dynamical state and location of the atoms involved. In the most favorable scenario, this form of electron spectroscopy can induce magnetic sublevel transitions which are commonly probed using circularly polarized photon beams.

  15. Testing of concurrent programs and partial specifications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hamlet, D.

    1982-12-01

    The testing problems of concurrent systems include those of sequential programs, but there are two additional difficulties: the scheduling of tasks may alter the behavior, making tests misleading; testing may be conducted at an early stage of development, by users who are not software experts. Concurrent process systems can be modeled by a collection of finite-state transducers, in a way that displays their unique problems. The specification languages PAISLey and Gist approach the definition of concurrent systems differently, but both permit users to execute partially defined systems. The declarative language PROLOG, although not explicitly designed for concurrent programming, exhibits similar characteristics. Prototype execution has some unexpected implications for testing, and for final implementation.

  16. Savannah River Site's Site Specific Plan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-08-01

    This Site Specific Plan (SSP) has been prepared by the Savannah River Site (SRS) in order to show the Environmental Restoration and Waste Management activities that were identified during the preparation of the Department of Energy-Headquarters (DOE-HQ) Environmental Restoration and Waste Management Five-Year Plan (FYP) for FY 1992--1996. The SSP has been prepared in accordance with guidance received from DOE-HQ. DOE-SR is accountable to DOE-HQ for the implementation of this plan. The purpose of the SSP is to develop a baseline for policy, budget, and schedules for the DOE Environmental Restoration and Waste Management activities. The plan explains accomplishments since the Fiscal Year (FY) 1990 plan, demonstrates how present and future activities are prioritized, identifies currently funded activities and activities that are planned to be funded in the upcoming fiscal year, and describes future activities that SRS is considering.

  17. ON THE SPECIFIC HEAT OF FERMI--PASTA--ULAM SYSTEMS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ON THE SPECIFIC HEAT OF FERMI--PASTA--ULAM SYSTEMS Andrea CARATI, Luigi GALGANI Universit`a di)@mat.unimi.it ABSTRACT The specific heat of Fermi Pasta Ulam systems was up to now estimated through the energy, the specific heat is found to vanish for vanishing temperatures. Key Words: Fermi--Pasta--Ulam; specific heat

  18. Type Handling in a Fully Integrated Programming and Specification Language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leavens, Gary T.

    Type Handling in a Fully Integrated Programming and Specification Language Gregory Kulczycki of component-based software requires languages that integrate programming and specification features, and types are at the heart of this integration. Programming languages are not suited for specification, and specification

  19. Diverse specificity, phenotype and anti-viral activity of cytomegalovirus specific CD8+ T cells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jackson, S. E.; Mason, G. M.; Okecha, G.; Sisson, J. G. P.; Wills, M. R.

    2014-07-09

    8+ T cell response with age, but this did not reach 305 significance for this cohort (Spearman r=0.43, n=18) (Figure 1D). However, when 306 the analysis was performed on the number of ORFs that were high frequency (>1000 307 SFU/million) (Figure... isolated HCMV antigen specific T cells exhibited direct anti-viral function, 463 preventing viral dissemination in these assays (Figure 7D). 464 465 Finally, we also examined the ability of CD8+ T cells specific for UL82 (Figure 8A) 466 and US3...

  20. Retrofiting survivability of military vehicles

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Canavan, Gregory H [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2009-01-01

    In Iraq the terrain was such that vehicles could be distributed horizontally, which reduced the effectiveness of mines. In the mountainous terrain of Pakistan and Afghanistan vehicles are forced to use the few, passable roads, which are dirt and easily seeded with plentiful, cheap, intelligent mines. It is desirable to reduce the losses to such mines, preferably by retrofit means that do not greatly increase weight or cost or reduce maneuverability. V-bottom vehicles - A known approach to reducing vulnerability is the Buffalo, a large vehicle developed by South Africa to address mine warfare. It has large tires, high axles, and a reinforced, v-shaped bottom that deflects the blast from explosions below. It is developed and tested in combat, but is expensive and has reduced off-road mobility. The domestic MRAP has similar cost and mobility issue. The addition of v-shaped blast deflectors to vehicles such as Humvees could act much as the deflector on a Buffalo, but a Humvee is closer to the ground, so the explosive's expansion would be reduced. The deflector would also reduce a Humvee's clearance for rough terrain, and a deflector of adequate thickness to address the blast by itself could further increase cost and reduce mobility. Reactive armor is developed and has proven effective against shaped and explosive charges from side or top attack. It detects their approach, detonates, and defeats them by interfering with jet formation. If the threat was a shaped charge from below, they would be a logical choice. But the bulk of the damage to Humvees appears to be from the blast from high explosive mines for which the colliding shock from reactive armor could increase that from the explosive. Porous materials such as sand can strongly attenuate the kinetic energy and pressure of a strong shock. Figure 1 shows the kinetic energy (KE), momentum (Mu), velocity (u), and mass (M) of a spherically expanding shock as functions of radius for a material with a porosity of 0.5. Over the range from 0.5 to 4.5 cm the shock KE is attenuated by a factor of {approx}70, while its momentum is changed little. The shock and particle velocity falls by a factor of 200 while the mass increases by a factor of 730. In the limit of very porous media u {approx} 1/M, so KE {approx} 1/M, which falls by a factor of {approx}600, while momentum Mu does not change at all. Figure 2 shows the KE, Mu, u, and M for a material with a porosity of 1.05, for which the KE changes little. In the limit of media of very low porosity, u {approx} 1/{radical}M, so KE is constant while Mu {approx} {radical}M, which increases by a factor of 15. Thus, if the goal is to reduce the peak pressure from strong explosions below, very porous materials, which strongly reduce pressure but do not increase momentum, are preferred to non-porous materials, which amplify momentum but do not decrease pressure. These predictions are in qualitative accord with the results of experiments at Los Alamos in which projectiles from high velocity, large caliber cannons were stopped by one to two sandbags. The studies were performed primarily to determine the effectiveness of sand in stopping fragments of various sizes, but could be extended to study sand's effectiveness in attenuating blast pressure. It would also be useful to test the above predictions on the effectiveness of media with higher porosity. Water barriers have been discussed but not deployed in previous retrofit survivability studies for overseas embassies. They would detect the flash from the mine detonation below, trigger a thin layer of explosive above a layer of water, and drive water droplets into the approaching blast wave. The blast loses energy in evaporating the droplets and loses momentum in slowing them. Under favorable conditions that could attenuate the pressure in the blast enough to prevent the penetration or disruption of the vehicle. However, such barriers would depend on prompt and reliable detonation detection and water droplet dispersal, which have not been tested. There is a large literature on the theoretical effec

  1. military | National Nuclear Security Administration

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust,Field-effectWorkingLosThe 26th AnnualHistoryMIII: The ManhattanCO2mfsacademic programs ||

  2. Specifications of Futures and Options Contracts 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Welch, Mark; Robinson, John; Anderson, David P.

    2009-06-01

    specifications. Mark Welch, John Robinson and David P. Anderson* 2 ( c o n t i n u e d o n n e x t p a ge ) T a bl e 1 . C o n t r a c t s p e c i fi c a t i o n s f or a g r i c u l t u r a l c ro p a n d l iv e s t o ck f u t u r e s . C om m o di t y & s i z... e o f c o n t r a c t T i c k e r s y m b o l T r a d i n g h o u r s ( c e n t r a l t i m e ) M o nt h s t ra d e d P r i c e quo t e s M i n i m u m p r i c e fluc t u a t i on D a i l y l i m i t L a s t t r a d i n g d a y L i v e C a...

  3. Production of high specific activity silicon-32

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Phillips, Dennis R. (Los Alamos, NM); Brzezinski, Mark A. (Santa Barbara, CA)

    1994-01-01

    A process for preparation of silicon-32 is provide and includes contacting an irradiated potassium chloride target, including spallation products from a prior irradiation, with sufficient water, hydrochloric acid or potassium hydroxide to form a solution, filtering the solution, adjusting pH of the solution to from about 5.5 to about 7.5, admixing sufficient molybdate-reagent to the solution to adjust the pH of the solution to about 1.5 and to form a silicon-molybdate complex, contacting the solution including the silicon-molybdate complex with a dextran-based material, washing the dextran-based material to remove residual contaminants such as sodium-22, separating the silicon-molybdate complex from the dextran-based material as another solution, adding sufficient hydrochloric acid and hydrogen peroxide to the solution to prevent reformation of the silicon-molybdate complex and to yield an oxidization state of the molybdate adapted for subsequent separation by an anion exchange material, contacting the solution with an anion exchange material whereby the molybdate is retained by the anion exchange material and the silicon remains in solution, and optionally adding sufficient alkali metal hydroxide to adjust the pH of the solution to about 12 to 13. Additionally, a high specific activity silicon-32 product having a high purity is provided.

  4. Constraints on muon-specific dark forces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Savely G. Karshenboim; David McKeen; Maxim Pospelov

    2014-01-23

    The recent measurement of the Lamb shift in muonic hydrogen allows for the most precise extraction of the charge radius of the proton which is currently in conflict with other determinations based on $e-p$ scattering and hydrogen spectroscopy. This discrepancy could be the result of some new muon-specific force with O(1-100) MeV force carrier---in this paper we concentrate on vector mediators. Such an explanation faces challenges from the constraints imposed by the $g-2$ of the muon and electron as well as precision spectroscopy of muonic atoms. In this work we complement the family of constraints by calculating the contribution of hypothetical forces to the muonium hyperfine structure. We also compute the two-loop contribution to the electron parity violating amplitude due to a muon loop, which is sensitive to the muon axial-vector coupling. Overall, we find that the combination of low-energy constraints favors the mass of the mediator to be below 10 MeV, and that a certain degree of tuning is required between vector and axial-vector couplings of new vector particles to muons in order to satisfy constraints from muon $g-2$. However, we also observe that in the absence of a consistent standard model embedding, high energy weak-charged processes accompanied by the emission of new vector particles are strongly enhanced by $(E/m_V)^2$, with $E$ a characteristic energy scale and $m_V$ the mass of the mediator. In particular, leptonic $W$ decays impose the strongest constraints on such models completely disfavoring the remainder of the parameter space.

  5. Detection of Metamorphic Computer Viruses Using Algebraic Specification

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Malcolm, Grant

    Detection of Metamorphic Computer Viruses Using Algebraic Specification Matt Webster and Grant Malcolm Abstract This paper describes a new approach towards the detection of metamorphic computer viruses through the algebraic specification of an assembly language. Metamorphic computer viruses are computer

  6. Specification and Verification: The Spec# Experience Mike Barnett

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leino, K. Rustan M.

    Specification and Verification: The Spec# Experience Mike Barnett Microsoft Research, Redmond or to redistribute to lists, requires prior specific permission and/or a fee. Copyright 2009 Barnett, Fähndrich

  7. Fadal VMC 3016 Milling Machine VMC 3016 Specifications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gray, Jeffrey J.

    Fadal VMC 3016 Milling Machine VMC 3016 Specifications 3016 Specifications 3016 Standard 3016) Spindle Center to Column Ways 16" 406mm #12;Main Motor - Automatic 2 Speed Vector 15 HP*, 11.2 KW Opt. HT

  8. AFRICA HEALTH PLACEMENTS Job Specification Research Officer (intern)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    AFRICA HEALTH PLACEMENTS Job Specification ­ Research Officer (intern) Basics Job Title, Johannesburg Brief Description of Africa Health Placements Africa Health Placements (AHP in alignment to planned solutions. #12;AFRICA HEALTH PLACEMENTS Job Specification ­ Research Officer

  9. Solution Self-Assembly of Sequence Specific Biomimetic Polymers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Murnen, Hannah

    2012-01-01

    from sequence-specific peptoid polymers. Nat. Mater. 2010, 9from sequence-specific peptoid polymers. Nat. Mater. 2010, 9in a folded nonbiological polymer. J. Am. Chem. Soc. Patch,

  10. Environmental Assessment for Central Power and Light Company`s proposed Military Highway-CFE tie 138/69-kV transmission line project Brownsville, Cameron County, Texas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-04-01

    Central Power and Light Company (CPL) intends to upgrade its existing transmission line ties with the Commision Federal de Electricidad (CFE) system in Mexico. CPL currently has a single 69-kilovolt (kV) transmission line in the Brownsville area which connects CPL`s system with the system of CFE. This existing line runs between the Brownsville Switching Station, located on Laredo Road in Brownsville, Cameron County, Texas, and an existing CFE 69-kV line at the Rusteberg Bend of the Rio Grande in Cameron County. Under current conditions of need, the existing 69-kV line does not possess sufficient capability to engage in appropriate power exchanges. Therefore, CPL is proposing to build a new line to link up with CFE. This proposed line would be a double-circuit line, which would (1) continue (on a slightly relocated route) the existing 69-kV tie from CPL`s Brownsville Switching Station to CFE`s facilities, and (2) add a 138-kV tie from the Military Highway Substation, located on Military Highway (US Highway 281), to CFE`s facilities. The proposed 138/69-kV line, which will be constructed and operated by CPL, will be built primarily on steel single-pole structures within an average 60-foot (ft) wide right-of-way (ROW). It will be approximately 6900--9200 ft (1.3--1.7 miles) in length, depending on the alternative route constructed.

  11. Measurement of the ratio of specific heats Brian D. Storey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Storey, Brian D.

    Measurement of the ratio of specific heats Brian D. Storey Franklin W. Olin College of Engineering Needham, MA 02492 (Dated: September 25, 2005) I. INTRODUCTION The ratio of specific heats determines how to the differing pressures, "springs" designed with gases of different specific heat ratios have different natural

  12. Relaxation calorimetry technique for measuring low temperature specific heat

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andrei, Eva Y.

    Relaxation calorimetry technique for measuring low temperature specific heat R. W. Newsome, Jr the temperature dependence of the specific heat of a 10 thick 0.62 mg copolymer film of vinylidene fluoride. INTRODUCTION Design improvements over recent years enable some calorimeters to precisely measure the specific

  13. Specification-based Testing for Software Product Lines Temesghen Kahsai

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schlingloff, Holger

    Specification-based Testing for Software Product Lines Temesghen Kahsai Markus Roggenbach Bernd-Holger Schlingloff Abstract In this paper, we develop a testing theory for specification-based software product line development. Starting with a framework for the evaluation of test cases with respect to formal specifications

  14. Hazard Communication Site Specific Information Sheet Hazard Communication Program (HCP)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Slatton, Clint

    Hazard Communication Site Specific Information Sheet Hazard Communication Program (HCP) Site Specific Information The responsible party for a unit/area should complete this section to make the Hazard Communication Program site specific. The responsible party will ensure that the Hazard Communication Program

  15. An Object-Oriented Algebraic Steam-Boiler Control Specification

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ã?lveczky, Peter Csaba

    An Object-Oriented Algebraic Steam-Boiler Control Specification Peter Csaba ()lveczky, Poland Abstract. In this paper an object-oriented algebraic solution of the steam-boiler specification Introduction The steam-boiler control specification problem has been proposed as a challenge for different

  16. An Object-Oriented Algebraic Steam-Boiler Control Specification

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ã?lveczky, Peter Csaba

    An Object-Oriented Algebraic Steam-Boiler Control Specification.In this paper an object-oriented algebraic solution of the steam-boiler specification problem is presented computations cannot happen. 1 Introduction The steam-boiler control specification problem has been

  17. An ObjectOriented Algebraic SteamBoiler Control Specification

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ã?lveczky, Peter Csaba

    An Object­Oriented Algebraic Steam­Boiler Control Specification Peter Csaba Ë? Olveczky 1# , Piotr, Poland Abstract. In this paper an object­oriented algebraic solution of the steam­boiler specification Introduction The steam­boiler control specification problem has been proposed as a challenge for di

  18. Product specification Supersedes data of 1993 Sep 01

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ravikumar, B.

    ). handbook, halfpage MNA341 A Y #12;2003 Jul 23 5 Philips Semiconductors Product specification Hex inverterHC04; 74HCT04 Hex inverter #12;2003 Jul 23 2 Philips Semiconductors Product specification HexF INPUT OUTPUT nA nY L H H L #12;2003 Jul 23 3 Philips Semiconductors Product specification Hex inverter

  19. Important Cognitive Components of Domain-Specific Search Knowledge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bhavnani, Suresh K.

    the subject-specific terms to enter in a query. For example, many university students often buy electronicImportant Cognitive Components of Domain-Specific Search Knowledge Suresh K. Bhavnani School Many users have acquired a sophisticated understanding of searching the Web in specific domains

  20. CBEA LED Site Lighting Specification - Version 1.3, Released...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    cbealedsitelightingspec.pdf More Documents & Publications CBEA High-Efficiency Parking Structure Lighting Specification FEMP Outdoor Solid-State Lighting Intiative:...

  1. Transuranic Waste Processing Center Oak Ridge Site Specific...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Transuranic Waste Processing Update Oak Ridge Site Specific Advisory Board May 14, 2014 Laura Wilkerson, Portfolio Federal Project Director Karen Deacon, Deputy Federal Project...

  2. Resolving Material-Specific Structures within Fe[subscript 3...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Resolving Material-Specific Structures within Fesubscript 3Osubscript 4|gamma-Mnsubscript 2Osubscript 3 Core|Shell Nanoparticles Using Anomalous Small-Angle X-ray...

  3. Insights from Smart Meters: Identifying Specific Actions, Behaviors...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    and Characteristics That Drive Savings in Behavior-Based Programs Insights from Smart Meters: Identifying Specific Actions, Behaviors, and Characteristics That Drive...

  4. Vermont Standards and Specifications for Erosion Prevention and...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    outlines the standards and specifications of Vermont's Erosion Prevention and Sediment Control Plans, necessary to meet the requirements of a Storm Water Construction General...

  5. Oligodendrocyte Specification W D Richardson, University College London,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richardson, William D.

    Oligodendrocyte Specification W D Richardson, University College London, London, UK ã 2009-called radial glial cells, which express characteristic gene products such as the glutamate transporter GLAST

  6. Draft Specifications for Application of UNFC-2009 to Renewable...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    of UNFC-2009 to Renewable Energy Resources. 12 June 2014 Edition. Geneva, Switzerland: UNECE. Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleDraftSpecifications...

  7. Enforcement Guidance Supplement 00-03: Specific Issues on Applicabilit...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    00-03: Specific Issues on Applicability of 10 CFR 830 Enforcement Guidance Supplements Enforcement Guidance Supplement 99-03: Limitation of 10 CFR Part 830 to Equipment...

  8. Crown Ethers Flatten in Graphene for Strong, Specific Binding...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    2011 2010 News Home | ORNL | News | Features | 2014 SHARE Crown Ethers Flatten in Graphene for Strong, Specific Binding ORNL discovery holds potential for separations, sensors,...

  9. Vermont Small Hydropower Assistance Program Site-Specific Determinatio...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Vermont Small Hydropower Assistance Program Site-Specific Determinations Summary Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library PermittingRegulatory Guidance -...

  10. Standard Work Specifications for Single-Family Home Energy Upgrades...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Sheet The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) and numerous industry stakeholders developed the Standard Work Specifications for...

  11. REA Refrigerated Display Case LED Lighting Performance Specification...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Retailer Energy Alliances (REA) Project rearefrigdisplayspec.pdf More Documents & Publications CBEA LED Site Lighting Specification - Version 1.3, Released 2152012 Model...

  12. Technical specifications for mechanical recycling of agricultural plastic waste

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Briassoulis, D. Hiskakis, M.; Babou, E.

    2013-06-15

    Highlights: • Technical specifications for agricultural plastic wastes (APWs) recycling proposed. • Specifications are the base for best economical and environmental APW valorisation. • Analysis of APW reveals inherent characteristics and constraints of APW streams. • Thorough survey on mechanical recycling processes and industry as it applies to APW. • Specifications for APW recycling tested, adjusted and verified through pilot trials. - Abstract: Technical specifications appropriate for the recycling of agricultural plastic wastes (APWs), widely accepted by the recycling industry were developed. The specifications establish quality standards to be met by the agricultural plastics producers, users and the agricultural plastic waste management chain. They constitute the base for the best economical and environmental valorisation of the APW. The analysis of the APW streams conducted across Europe in the framework of the European project “LabelAgriWaste” revealed the inherent characteristics of the APW streams and the inherent constraints (technical or economical) of the APW. The APW stream properties related to its recycling potential and measured during pilot trials are presented and a subsequent universally accepted simplified and expanded list of APW recycling technical specifications is proposed and justified. The list includes two sets of specifications, applied to two different quality categories of recyclable APW: one for pellet production process (“Quality I”) and another one for plastic profile production process (“Quality II”). Parameters that are taken into consideration in the specifications include the APW physical characteristics, contamination, composition and degradation. The proposed specifications are focused on polyethylene based APW that represents the vast majority of the APW stream. However, the specifications can be adjusted to cover also APW of different materials (e.g. PP or PVC) that are found in very small quantities in protected cultivations in Europe. The adoption of the proposed specifications could transform this waste stream into a labelled commodity traded freely in the market and will constitute the base for the best economical and environmental valorisation of the APW.

  13. UPC Language and Library Specifications, Version 1.3

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    UPC Consortium; Bonachea, Dan; Funck, Gary

    2013-11-16

    UPC is an explicitly parallel extension to the ISO C 99 Standard. UPC follows the partitioned global address space programming model. This document is the formal specification for the UPC language and library syntax and semantics, and supersedes prior specification version 1.2 (LBNL-59208).

  14. Specific heat and entropy of tachyon Fermi gas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ernst Trojan

    2011-08-15

    We consider an ideal Fermi gas of tachyons and derive a low temperature expansion of its thermodynamical functions. The tachyonic specific heat is linear dependent on temperature $C_V=\\epsilon_Fk_FT$ and formally coincides with the specific heat of electron gas if the tachyon Fermi energy is defined as $\\epsilon_F=\\sqrt{k_F-m^2}$.

  15. Software Synthesis from Synchronous Specifications Using Logic Simulation Techniques

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brayton, Robert K.

    a synchronous state machine specification for em- bedded control systems. The framework is generic enoughSoftware Synthesis from Synchronous Specifications Using Logic Simulation Techniques Yunjian Jiang variables. This model has been studied for system design and verification. High-level synchronous languages

  16. ALSEP Array E Component Non-Operating Vibration Specifications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rathbun, Julie A.

    ALSEP Array E Component Non-Operating Vibration Specifications INO. ATM-964 1 REV. NO. OF 6 IPAGE DATE 2/2/71 This memorandum defines the non-operating vibration specifications for the ALSEP Array E experiments and other major subsystems. : #12;NO. R"EV. NO. ALSEP Array E Component Non-Operating Vibration

  17. Query Specific Fusion for Image Retrieval Shaoting Zhang2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Kuang-Yu

    Query Specific Fusion for Image Retrieval Shaoting Zhang2 , Ming Yang1 , Timothee Cour1 , Kai Yu1 indexed by compact hashing codes both demonstrate excellent scalability. However, their retrieval propose a graph-based query specific fusion approach where multiple retrieval sets are merged and reranked

  18. Software Requirements Specification Offline MIPS-24m Pipelines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Masci, Frank

    Software Requirements Specification for Offline MIPS-24µm Pipelines Prepared by Frank Masci (fmasci #12;Software Requirements Specification Version 4.5 Offline MIPS-24µm Pipelines 20 June 2004 ii 1. Revision History Version Description Date 1.0 Initial version June 20, 2002 2.0 · Modified pipeline flow

  19. The Dangerous "All" in Specifications Daniel M. Berry Erik Kamsties

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berry, Daniel M.

    The Dangerous "All" in Specifications Daniel M. Berry Erik Kamsties Computer Science Department, are dangerous because they are usually not true. Jackson and Zave provide a classification of requirement specification sentences into indicative and optative sen- tences. It is observed that the dangerous sentences

  20. Redesigning the Specificity of ProteinDNA Interactions with Rosetta

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baker, David

    +Business Media New York 2014 #12;266 DNA cleavage enzymes, such as LAGLIDADG endonucleases [4, 5], to sites specificity offer an efficient alternative to more labor-intensive experimental procedures, such as directed­DNA specificity.Each panel represents the structure with the mean energy from a set of 56 repacks done

  1. Final Thesis ARM9E Processor Specification for OPTIMIST

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kessler, Christoph

    Final Thesis ARM9E Processor Specification for OPTIMIST by David Landén LITH-IDA-EX--05/022--SE 2005-02-25 #12;Linköpings universitet Department of Computer and Information Science Final Thesis ARM9E This thesis work provides hardware specifications of the ARM9E microprocessor for the retar- getable code

  2. PScout: Analyzing the Android Permission Specification Kathy Wain Yee Au

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lie, David

    PScout: Analyzing the Android Permission Specification by Kathy Wain Yee Au A thesis submitted PScout: Analyzing the Android Permission Specification Kathy Wain Yee Au Master of Applied Science of the Android permission system in an attempt to begin answering some of the questions that have arisen about

  3. Software Testing based on Formal Specifications Gernot Walzl

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Softwaretechnologie" 2014-01-20 #12;Contents Introduction Refinement preorder Algebraic specifications Regularity infinite. #12;Algebraic specification Example: List of natural numbers NATLIST uses NAT /* Here NAT uses BOOLEAN */ S = {NatList} SObs = {Nat, Bool} = empty : NatList cons : Nat NatList NatList sorted : Nat

  4. TESLA: A Formally Defined Event Specification Language Gianpaolo Cugola

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cugola, Gianpaolo

    TESLA: A Formally Defined Event Specification Language Gianpaolo Cugola Dip. di Elettronica e to clearly state how the system should behave. Moving from these premises, we present TESLA, a complex event specification language. Each TESLA rule considers incoming data items as notifi- cations of events and defines

  5. Programme Specification Title of programme: MSc Genomic Medicine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Xun

    1 Programme Specification Title of programme: MSc Genomic Medicine This specification provides Medicine Interim Exit awards Postgraduate Diploma in Genomic Medicine / Postgraduate Certificate in Genomic Medicine/ Postgraduate Certificate in the Principles of Genomic Medicine. FHEQ level of final award 7 UCAS

  6. Original article Estimation of leaf water content and specific leaf

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Original article Estimation of leaf water content and specific leaf weight from reflectance and transmittance spectra measured over the 1 300-2 400-nm domain and the corresponding water content (g.cm-2) for pure water. We then investigated the possibility of estimating leaf water content and specific weight

  7. Streams of Steam The Steam Boiler Specification Case Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Streams of Steam ­ The Steam Boiler Specification Case Study Manfred Broy, Franz Regensburger-tuned con- cepts of FOCUS by its application of the requirements specification of a steam boiler, see [Abr96-studies. In this context, applying FOCUS to the steam boiler case study ([Abr96]) led us to a couple of questions re- #12

  8. COS Coating Reflectivity Specification Date: August 2, 1999

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Colorado at Boulder, University of

    COS Coating Reflectivity Specification Date: August 2, 1999 Document Number: COS-08-0008 Revision for Astrophysics and Space Astronomy Reviewed: Approved: COS Coating Reflectivity Specification Size Code Indent No Astronomy Revision A COS Coating Reflectivity Specfication University of Colorado at Boulder Page i Table

  9. A Specific Plan for The Development of Downtown West Sacramento A Specific Plan for The Development of Downtown West Sacramento

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Handy, Susan L.

    A Specific Plan for The Development of Downtown West Sacramento VOLUME 1 West Sacramento Triangle #12;West Sacramento Triangle A Specific Plan for The Development of Downtown West Sacramento Adopted written consent from Zimmer Gunsul Frasca Partnership as agents of the City of West Sacramento. #12

  10. HFBR: Review of the technical specifications against the FSAR

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rao, D.V.; Ross, S.B.; Claiborne, E.R.; Darby, J.L.; Clark, R.A.

    1990-01-25

    The purpose of this review is to determine the adequacy of the High Flux Beam Reactor (HFBR) Technical Specifications for 40 MW operation by comparison with the HFBR Final Safety Analysis Report, particularly the accident analyses chapter. Specifically, the Technical Specifications were compared against the Design Basis Accident (DBA) Analyses presented in the Addendum to the HFBR FSAR for 60 MW Operation. The 60 MW DBA analyses was used since it is more current and complete than the analyses presented in the original FSAR which is considered obsolete. A listing of the required systems and equipment was made for each of the accidents analyzed. Additionally, the Technical Specification instrument setpoints were compared to the DBA analyses parametric values. Also included in this review was a comparison of the Technical Specification Bases against the FSAR and the identification of any differences. The HFBR Operations Procedures Manual (OPM) was also reviewed for any inconsistencies between the FSAR or the Technical Specifications. Upon completion of this review it was determined that the Technical Specifications are well written and the items commented on should not delay the low power restart (40 MW). Additionally, the OPM is also well written and does not require further modification before restart.

  11. Finite-size behaviour of the microcanonical specific heat

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    H. Behringer; M. Pleimling; A. Hueller

    2004-11-05

    For models which exhibit a continuous phase transition in the thermodynamic limit a numerical study of small systems reveals a non-monotonic behaviour of the microcanonical specific heat as a function of the system size. This is in contrast to a treatment in the canonical ensemble where the maximum of the specific heat increases monotonically with the size of the system. A phenomenological theory is developed which permits to describe this peculiar behaviour of the microcanonical specific heat and allows in principle the determination of microcanonical critical exponents.

  12. Specific heat loading in Nd:glass lasers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Krupke, W.F.

    1985-08-07

    The specific thermal load parameter, chi, for xenon flashlamp-pumped Nd:glass gain media is written as a function of neodymium concentration, pump pulse duration, and energy extraction efficiency. The currently available data on radiative and nonradiative decay probabilities of several commercial Nd:glasses are used to calculate and graph specific thermal load parameter values. By factoring these results into performance scaling relationships for zig-zag and disk lasers, specific Nd:glasses can be selected for optimized laser performance.

  13. Results from Development of Model Specifications for Multifamily Energy Retrofits

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brozyna, K.

    2012-08-01

    Specifications, modeled after CSI MasterFormat, provide the trade contractors and builders with requirements and recommendations on specific building materials, components and industry practices that comply with the expectations and intent of the requirements within the various funding programs associated with a project. The goal is to create a greater level of consistency in execution of energy efficiency retrofits measures across the multiple regions a developer may work. IBACOS and Mercy Housing developed sample model specifications based on a common building construction type that Mercy Housing encounters.

  14. Results From Development of Model Specifications for Multifamily Energy Retrofits

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kevin Brozyna

    2012-08-01

    Specifications, modeled after CSI MasterFormat, provide the trade contractors and builders with requirements and recommendations on specific building materials, components and industry practices that comply with the expectations and intent of the requirements within the various funding programs associated with a project. The goal is to create a greater level of consistency in execution of energy efficiency retrofits measures across the multiple regions a developer may work. IBACOS and Mercy Housing developed sample model specifications based on a common building construction type that Mercy Housing encounters.

  15. DomainSpecific Runtime Variability In Product Line Architectures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zdun, Uwe

    of a set of products within a specific organization. Commonalities can be implemented in prefabricated from a Multimedia Home Platform product line: end­user personalization across different new media

  16. Domain-Specific Runtime Variability In Product Line Architectures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zdun, Uwe

    of a set of products within a specific organization. Commonalities can be implemented in prefabricated from a Multimedia Home Platform product line: end-user personalization across different new media

  17. Specific heat of a particle on the cone

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    E. S. Moreira, Jr.; E. S. Oliveira

    2006-04-05

    This work investigates how a conical singularity can affect the specific heat of systems. A free nonrelativistic particle confined to the lateral surface of a cone -- conical box -- is taken as a toy model. Its specific heat is determined as a function of the deficit angle and the temperature. For a vanishing deficit angle, the specific heat is that of a particle in a flat disk where a characteristic temperature separates quantum and classical behaviors, as usual. By increasing the deficit angle the characteristic temperature increases also, and eventually another characteristic temperature (which does not depend on the deficit angle) arises. When the cone gets sufficiently sharp, at low and intermediate temperatures the azimuthal degree of freedom is suppressed. At low temperatures the specific heat varies discontinuously with the deficit angle. Connections between certain theorems regarding common zeros of the Bessel functions and this discontinuity are reported.

  18. Specific heat at constant volume in the thermodynamic model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    C. B. Das; S. Das Gupta; A. Z. Mekjian

    2003-07-04

    A thermodynamic model for multifragmentation which is frequently used appears to give very different values for specific heat at constant volume depending upon whether canonical or grand canonical ensemble is used. The cause for this discrepancy is analysed.

  19. Specification and Planning of UAV Missions: A Process Algebra Approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rasmussen, Steven

    Formal languages have recently come under attention as a powerful tool to describe in a precise and rigorous way mission specifications (i.e., mission objectives and constraints) for robotic systems, and to design planning ...

  20. Tissue-specific gene silencing monitored in circulating RNA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sehgal, Alfica

    Pharmacologic target gene modulation is the primary objective for RNA antagonist strategies and gene therapy. Here we show that mRNAs encoding tissue-specific gene transcripts can be detected in biological fluids and that ...

  1. Model Specification for LED Roadway Luminaires, V2.0

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Version 2.0 of the Model Specification for LED Roadway Luminaires is now available. Changes are substantial and include streamlined structure and formatting, new diagrams, updated references, and leveraging of LED Lighting Facts® program guidance.

  2. Product Design Specifications Starting Product Development Projects Right

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Salustri, Filippo A.

    Product Design Specifications Starting Product Development Projects Right Filippo A What? How? teams must solve same problem unfettered innovation v.risk management need to created balanced designs a structured control document a thinking tool a collaboration tool promotes innovation

  3. A Methodology for Automated Verification of Rosetta Specification Transformations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lohoefener, Jennifer Lee

    2011-04-11

    The Rosetta system-level design language is a specification language created to support design and analysis of heterogeneous models at varying levels of abstraction. These abstraction levels are represented in Rosetta as ...

  4. Generating quality software specifications for decision support : a novel approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Voightmann, Michael P. (Michael Paul), 1979-

    2004-01-01

    An approach utilizing cognitive support tools is presented with the purpose of improving upon the generation of quality software requirement specifications. Based on successful tools in product development and cognitive ...

  5. Seventh International Workshop on Specification and Verification of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leavens, Gary T.

    , Brazil) Sergio Soares (UPE, Brazil) Ricardo Lima (Universidade de Pernambuco, Brazil) Paulo Borba (Federal University of Pernambuco, Brazil) Márcio Cornélio (UPE, Brazil) Total Correctness of Recursive Units and Proof Checking for Specification and Verification 59 Hampton Smith (Clemson University, USA

  6. EM Waste Acceptance Product Specification (WAPS) for Vitrified...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    EM Waste Acceptance Product Specification (WAPS) for Vitrified High-Level Waste Forms Presentation to the HLW Corporate Board July 24, 2008 By Tony KlukKen Picha 2 Background *...

  7. Oak Ridge Site Specific Advisory Board Contacts | Department...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Mailing Address Oak Ridge Site Specific Advisory Board P.O. Box 2001, EM-91 Oak Ridge, TN 37831 Phone Numbers (865) 241-4583, (865) 241-4584 (800) 382-6938, option 4 Melyssa Noe,...

  8. Specific Cation Effects in Biological Systems: Thermodynamic and Spectroscopic Insights 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kherb, Jaibir

    2012-02-14

    as these polypeptides can be easily genetically engineered to observe the effect of specific amino acid residues and peptide chain length on these salt interactions. Both of these biopolymers are also highly thermoresponsive as their aqueous solutions undergo a...

  9. Standard specification for sintered (Uranium-Plutonium) dioxide pellets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    American Society for Testing and Materials. Philadelphia

    2001-01-01

    1.1 This specification covers finished sintered and ground (uranium-plutonium) dioxide pellets for use in thermal reactors. It applies to uranium-plutonium dioxide pellets containing plutonium additions up to 15 % weight. This specification may not completely cover the requirements for pellets fabricated from weapons-derived plutonium. 1.2 This specification does not include (1) provisions for preventing criticality accidents or (2) requirements for health and safety. Observance of this specification does not relieve the user of the obligation to be aware of and conform to all applicable international, federal, state, and local regulations pertaining to possessing, processing, shipping, or using source or special nuclear material. Examples of U.S. government documents are Code of Federal Regulations Title 10, Part 50Domestic Licensing of Production and Utilization Facilities; Code of Federal Regulations Title 10, Part 71Packaging and Transportation of Radioactive Material; and Code of Federal Regulations Tit...

  10. Hardware/Software Co-Design via Specification Refinement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peck, Wesley Graham

    2011-12-31

    implementation architecture. This work provides two contributions that ease the implementation process. The Rosetta synthesis capability generates hardware/software co-designed implementations from specifications that contain low level implementation details...

  11. Pricing Kernel Specification for User Cost of Monetary Assets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Wei

    2007-04-27

    This paper studies the nonlinear asset pricing kernel approximation by using orthonormal polynomials of state variables in which the pricing kernel specification is restricted by preference theory. We approximate the true asset pricing kernel...

  12. Estimation and specification tests of count data recreation demand functions 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gomez, Irma Adriana

    1991-01-01

    ESTIMATION AND SPECIFICATION TESTS OF COUNT DATA RECREATION DEMAND FUNCTIONS A Thesis IRMA ADRIANA GOMEZ Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A8cM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER... OF SCIENCE December 1991 Major Subject: Agricultural Economics ESTIMATION AND SPECIFICATION TESTS OF COUNT DATA RECREATION DEMAND FUNCTIONS A Thesis by IRMA ADRIANA GOMEZ Approved as to style and content by: T o a, Jr. (C a' of Committee) Lonnie...

  13. Standard technical specifications: Babcock and Wilcox Plants. Revision 1

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-04-01

    This report documents the results of the combined effort of the NRC and the industry to produce improved Standard Technical Specifications (STS), Revision 1 for Babcock & Wilcox Plants. The changes reflected in Revision 1 resulted from the experience gained from license amendment applications to convert to these improved STS or to adopt partial improvements to existing technical specifications. This NUREG is the result of extensive public technical meetings and discussions between the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) staff and various nuclear power plant licensees, Nuclear Steam Supply System (NSSS) Owners Groups, NSSS vendors, and the Nuclear Energy Institute (NEI). The improved STS were developed based on the criteria in the Final Commission Policy Statement on Technical Specifications Improvements for Nuclear Power Reactors, dated July 22, 1993. The improved STS will be used as the basis for individual nuclear power plant licensees to develop improved plant-specific technical specifications. This report contains three volumes. Volume 1 contains the Specifications for all chapters and sections of the improved STS. Volume 2 contains the Bases for Chapters 2.0 and 3.0, and Sections 3.1--3.3 of the improved STS. Volume 3 contains the Bases for Sections 3.4--3.9 of the improved STS.

  14. Specific heats of quantum double-well systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hideo Hasegawa

    2012-11-26

    Specific heats of quantum systems with symmetric and asymmetric double-well potentials have been calculated. In numerical calculations of their specific heats, we have adopted the combined method which takes into account not only eigenvalues of $\\epsilon_n$ for $0 \\leq n \\leq N_m$ obtained by the energy-matrix diagonalization but also their extrapolated ones for $N_m+1 \\leq n specific heats are shown to be rather different from counterparts of a harmonic oscillator. In particular, specific heats of symmetric double-well systems at very low temperatures have the Schottky-type anomaly, which is rooted to a small energy gap in low-lying two-level eigenstates induced by a tunneling through the potential barrier. The Schottky-type anomaly is removed when an asymmetry is introduced into the double-well potential. It has been pointed out that the specific-heat calculation of a double-well system reported by Feranchuk, Ulyanenkov and Kuz'min [Chem. Phys. 157, 61 (1991)] is misleading because the zeroth-order operator method they adopted neglects crucially important off-diagonal contributions.

  15. An evaluation of Department of Transportation specification packages

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ratledge, J.E.; Rawl, R.R.

    1992-01-01

    Specification packages are broad families of package designs developed and authorized by the US Department of Transportation (DOT) and the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) for transport of certain Type B and fissile radioactive materials, with each specification containing a number of designs of various sizes. The specification package designs have remained essentially unchanged in a changing regulatory environment. Changes to package designs or authorized contents under the DOT system can be accomplished by rule making action, but there has been little updating of the designs over the years. Many of the individual package designs are no longer supported by reasonably current safety analyses. Since the publication of these specifications, there have been changes in regulatory requirements and improvements in methods of testing and analysis. Additionally, contemplated revisions to the DOT and NRC regulations to bring design requirements into accord with IAEA Safety Series No. 6, 1985 Edition would eliminate fissile classes and require resistance to a crush test for small Type B packages meeting certain criteria. The NRC has requested that the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) staff review the safety documentation of the specification packages to determine the possible need for further testing and analysis, modifications to the designs, and, perhaps, elimination of any designs for which there is insufficient demonstration of compliance with current and proposed requirements. This paper will present a summary of the technical data and information concerning the use of the packages that has been received to date.

  16. An evaluation of Department of Transportation specification packages

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ratledge, J.E.; Rawl, R.R.

    1992-11-01

    Specification packages are broad families of package designs developed and authorized by the US Department of Transportation (DOT) and the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) for transport of certain Type B and fissile radioactive materials, with each specification containing a number of designs of various sizes. The specification package designs have remained essentially unchanged in a changing regulatory environment. Changes to package designs or authorized contents under the DOT system can be accomplished by rule making action, but there has been little updating of the designs over the years. Many of the individual package designs are no longer supported by reasonably current safety analyses. Since the publication of these specifications, there have been changes in regulatory requirements and improvements in methods of testing and analysis. Additionally, contemplated revisions to the DOT and NRC regulations to bring design requirements into accord with IAEA Safety Series No. 6, 1985 Edition would eliminate fissile classes and require resistance to a crush test for small Type B packages meeting certain criteria. The NRC has requested that the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) staff review the safety documentation of the specification packages to determine the possible need for further testing and analysis, modifications to the designs, and, perhaps, elimination of any designs for which there is insufficient demonstration of compliance with current and proposed requirements. This paper will present a summary of the technical data and information concerning the use of the packages that has been received to date.

  17. Thermalisation time and specific heat of neutron stars crust

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Fortin; F. Grill; J. Margueron; N. Sandulescu

    2009-10-28

    We discuss the thermalisation process of the neutron stars crust described by solving the heat transport equation with a microscopic input for the specific heat of baryonic matter. The heat equation is solved with initial conditions specific to a rapid cooling of the core. To calculate the specific heat of inner crust baryonic matter, i.e., nuclear clusters and unbound neutrons, we use the quasiparticle spectrum provided by the Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov approach at finite temperature. In this framework we analyse the dependence of the crust thermalisation on pairing properties and on cluster structure of inner crust matter. It is shown that the pairing correlations reduce the crust thermalisation time by a very large fraction. The calculations show also that the nuclear clusters have a non-negligible influence on the time evolution of the surface temperature of the neutron star.

  18. Negative specific heat in out-of-equilibrium nonextensive systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Rapisarda; V. Latora

    2002-02-26

    We discuss the occurrence of negative specific heat in a nonextensive system which has an equilibrium second-order phase transition.The specific heat is negative only in a transient regime before equilibration, in correspondence to long-lasting metastable states. For these states standard equilibrium Bolzmann-Gibbs thermodynamics does not apply and the system shows non-Gaussian velocity distributions, anomalous diffusion and correlation in phase space. Similar results have recently been found also in several other nonextensive systems, supporting the general validity of this scenario. These models seem also to support the conjecture that a nonexstensive statistical formalism, like the one proposed by Tsallis, should be applied in such cases. The theoretical scenario is not completely clear yet, but there are already many strong theoretical indications suggesting that, it can be wrong to consider the observation of an experimental negative specific heat as an unique and unambiguous signature of a standard equilibrium first-order phase transition.

  19. Frequency Dependent Specific Heat from Thermal Effusion in Spherical Geometry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bo Jakobsen; Niels Boye Olsen; Tage Christensen

    2010-03-11

    We present a novel method of measuring the frequency dependent specific heat at the glass transition applied to 5-polyphenyl-4-ether. The method employs thermal waves effusing radially out from the surface of a spherical thermistor that acts as both a heat generator and thermometer. It is a merit of the method compared to planar effusion methods that the influence of the mechanical boundary conditions are analytically known. This implies that it is the longitudinal rather than the isobaric specific heat that is measured. As another merit the thermal conductivity and specific heat can be found independently. The method has highest sensitivity at a frequency where the thermal diffusion length is comparable to the radius of the heat generator. This limits in practise the frequency range to 2-3 decades. An account of the 3omega-technique used including higher order terms in the temperature dependency of the thermistor and in the power generated is furthermore given.

  20. Domain-specific Web Service Discovery with Service Class Descriptions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rocco, D; Caverlee, J; Liu, L; Critchlow, T J

    2005-02-14

    This paper presents DynaBot, a domain-specific web service discovery system. The core idea of the DynaBot service discovery system is to use domain-specific service class descriptions powered by an intelligent Deep Web crawler. In contrast to current registry-based service discovery systems--like the several available UDDI registries--DynaBot promotes focused crawling of the Deep Web of services and discovers candidate services that are relevant to the domain of interest. It uses intelligent filtering algorithms to match services found by focused crawling with the domain-specific service class descriptions. We demonstrate the capability of DynaBot through the BLAST service discovery scenario and describe our initial experience with DynaBot.

  1. Defect specific maintenance of SG tubes -- How safe is it?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cizelj, L.; Mavko, B.; Dvorsek, T. [Jozef Stefan Institute, Ljubljana (Slovenia)

    1997-02-01

    The efficiency of the defect specific plugging criterion for outside diameter stress corrosion cracking at tube support plates is assessed. The efficiency is defined by three parameters: (1) number of plugged tubes, (2) probability of steam generator tube rupture and (3) predicted accidental leak rate through the defects. A probabilistic model is proposed to quantify the probability of tube rupture, while procedures available in literature were used to define the accidental leak rates. The defect specific plugging criterion was then compared to the performance of traditional (45%) plugging criterion using realistic data from Krsko nuclear power plant. Advantages of the defect specific approach over the traditional one are clearly shown. Some hints on the optimization of safe life of steam generator are also given.

  2. Pump suction specific speed: Is it a treacherous friend

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rayner, R.E.

    1993-05-01

    As pump design has gone from an art to a science, the complexities of fluid dynamics have come into clearer focus, driven by field-application problem solving and advancing technology. The past two decades have seen: (1) verifiable state-of-the-art advances in hydraulic design; (2) much-improved knowledge of causes of pump failure, including those from recirculation; (3) the beginning of further refinement of the new suction-specific-speed guidelines - and interaction with design concepts; (4) differentiation between good and bad designs through empirical data, making use of suction specific speed; (5) and as discussed in this article an understanding that suction specific speed (S) alone is inadequate for establishing the differentiation. Although the S is important in understanding pump performance, look at the broad picture when applying the theory.

  3. Joint Architecture Standard (JAS) Reliable Data Delivery Protocol (RDDP) specification.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Enderle, Justin Wayne; Daniels, James W.; Gardner, Michael T.; Eldridge, John M.; Hunt, Richard D.; Gallegos, Daniel E.

    2011-05-01

    The Joint Architecture Standard (JAS) program at Sandia National Laboratories requires the use of a reliable data delivery protocol over SpaceWire. The National Aeronautics and Space Administration at the Goddard Spaceflight Center in Greenbelt, Maryland, developed and specified a reliable protocol for its Geostationary Operational Environment Satellite known as GOES-R Reliable Data Delivery Protocol (GRDDP). The JAS program implemented and tested GRDDP and then suggested a number of modifications to the original specification to meet its program specific requirements. This document details the full RDDP specification as modified for JAS. The JAS Reliable Data Delivery Protocol uses the lower-level SpaceWire data link layer to provide reliable packet delivery services to one or more higher-level host application processes. This document specifies the functional requirements for JRDDP but does not specify the interfaces to the lower- or higher-level processes, which may be implementation-dependent.

  4. Method To Identify Specific Inhibiutors Of Imp Dehydrogenase

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Collart, Frank R. (Bolingbrook, IL); Huberman, Eliezer (LaGrange, IL)

    2000-11-28

    This invention relates to methods to identify specific inhibitors of the purine nucleotide synthesis enzyme, IMP dehydrogenase (IMPDH). IMPDH is an essential enzyme found in all free-living organisms from humans to bacteria and is an important therapeutic target. The invention allows the identification of specific inhibitors of any IMPDH enzyme which can be expressed in a functional form in a recombinant host cell. A variety of eukaryotic or prokaryotic host systems commonly used for the expression of recombinant proteins are suitable for the practice of the invention. The methods are amenable to high throughput systems for the screening of inhibitors generated by combinatorial chemistry or other methods such as antisense molecule production. Utilization of exogenous guanosine as a control component of the methods allows for the identification of inhibitors specific for IMPDH rather than other causes of decreased cell proliferation.

  5. Geometric Theory of Lattice Vibrations and Specific Heat

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mikhail Shubin; Toshikazu Sunada

    2006-04-04

    We discuss, from a geometric standpoint, the specific heat of a solid. This is a classical subject in solid state physics which dates back to a pioneering work by Einstein (1907) and its refinement by Debye (1912). Using a special quantization of crystal lattices and calculating the asymptotic of the integrated density of states at the bottom of the spectrum, we obtain a rigorous derivation of the classical Debye $T^3$ law on the specific heat at low temperatures. The idea and method are taken from discrete geometric analysis which has been recently developed for the spectral geometry of crystal lattices.

  6. 3 omega method for specific heat and thermal conductivity measurements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    L. Lu; W. Yi; D. L. Zhang

    2002-02-06

    We present a 3 omega method for simultaneously measuring the specific heat and thermal conductivity of a rod- or filament-like specimen using a way similar to a four-probe resistance measurement. The specimen in this method needs to be electrically conductive and with a temperature-dependent resistance, for acting both as a heater to create a temperature fluctuation and as a sensor to measure its thermal response. With this method we have successfully measured the specific heat and thermal conductivity of platinum wire specimens at cryogenic temperatures, and measured those thermal quantities of tiny carbon nanotube bundles some of which are only 10^-9 g in mass.

  7. A Specific N = 2 Supersymmetric Quantum Mechanical Model: Supervariable Approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shukla, Aradhya

    2015-01-01

    By exploiting the supersymmetric invariant restrictions on the chiral and anti-chiral supervariables, we derive the off-shell nilpotent symmetry transformations for a specific (0 + 1)-dimensional N = 2 supersymmetric quantum mechanical model which is considered on a (1, 2)-dimensional supermanifold (parametrized by a bosonic variable t and a pair of Grassmannian variables (\\theta, \\bar\\theta). We also provide the geometrical meaning to the symmetry transformations. Finally, we show that this specific N = 2 SUSY quantum mechanical model is a model for Hodge theory.

  8. Northwest Energy Efficient Manufactured Housing Program Specification Development

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hewes, Tom; Peeks, Brady

    2013-02-01

    The DOE research team Building America Partnership for Improved Residential Construction (BA-PIRC), Bonneville Power Administration (BPA), and Northwest Energy Works (NEW), the current Northwest Energy Efficient Manufactured Home Program (NEEM) program administrator, collaborated to research a new specification that would reduce the energy requirements of a NEEM home.This research identified and developed combinations of cost-effective high performance building assemblies and mechanical systems that can readily can be deployed in the manufacturing setting that reduce energy used for space conditioning, water heating and lighting by 50% over the present NEEM specifications.

  9. Requirements on Quality Specification Posed by Service Orientation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of service management, the technical term Quality of Service (QoS) is now perceived in its original sense: Operations and Management (DSOM 2004), 1-14, Springer, IFIP/IEEE, Davis, CA, USA, November, 2004. #12;theRequirements on Quality Specification Posed by Service Orientation Markus Garschhammer and Harald

  10. COS NUV Grating Specification Date: August 23, 2000

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Colorado at Boulder, University of

    COS NUV Grating Specification Date: August 23, 2000 Document Number: COS-08-0005 Revision: Revision B Contract No.: NAS5-98043 CDRL No.: N/A Prepared By: E. Wilkinson 8-12-99 E. Wilkinson, COS, Calibration Scientist, BATC Date Approved By: J. Andrews 8-25-99 J. Andrews, COS Experiment Manager, CU

  11. COS NCM2 Mirror Substrate Specification Date: January 28, 2000

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Colorado at Boulder, University of

    COS NCM2 Mirror Substrate Specification Date: January 28, 2000 Document Number: COS-08, COS Instrument Scientist, CU/CASA Date Reviewed By: R. Cahill 2-18-99 R. Cahill, Optical Designer-18-99 J. Andrews, COS Experiment Manager, CU/CASA Date Approved By: J. Green 4-9-99 J. C. Green, COS

  12. COS NUV Grating Substrate Specification Date: August 20, 2001

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Colorado at Boulder, University of

    COS NUV Grating Substrate Specification Date: August 20, 2001 Document Number: COS-08-0013 Revision: Initial Release Contract No.: NAS5-98043 CDRL No.: Prepared By: E. Wilkinson, COS Instrument Scientist, CU, BATC Date Approved By: D. Ebbets, Calibration Scientist, BATC Date Approved By: J. Andrews, COS

  13. COS NCM3 Mirror Substrate Specification Date: January 28, 2000

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Colorado at Boulder, University of

    COS NCM3 Mirror Substrate Specification Date: January 28, 2000 Document Number: COS-08, COS Instrument Scientist, CU/CASA Date Reviewed By: R. Cahill 2-18-99 R. Cahill, Optical Designer-18-99 J. Andrews, COS Experiment Manager, CU/CASA Date Approved By: J. Green 4-9-99 J. C. Green, COS

  14. Tool Support for Test-Driven Development Using Formal Specifications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peters, Dennis

    the developer writes a failing automated test case that defines a desired improvement or new function, then produces code to pass that test and finally refactors the new code to acceptable standards. The stepsTool Support for Test-Driven Development Using Formal Specifications Shadi Alawneh and Dennis

  15. Post-doctoral Fellow Soil and Water Conservation Position specification

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , especially the assessment of the impact of soil conservation and water harvesting interventions. - DesignPost-doctoral Fellow Soil and Water Conservation Position specification Internationally Recruited Position (PDF Level) Director, Integrated Water and Land Management Program (IWLMP) Reports to: 20 October

  16. Show No Weakness: Sequentially Consistent Specifications of TSO Libraries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gotsman, Alexey

    Show No Weakness: Sequentially Consistent Specifications of TSO Libraries Alexey Gotsman1.g., for those that are data-race free (DRF). However, performance-critical libraries often violate, it is important for these libraries to protect their otherwise well-behaved clients from the weaker memory model

  17. Specific heat of apple at different moisture contents and temperatures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Viacheslav Mykhailyk; Nikolai Lebovka

    2013-05-11

    This work discusses results of experimental investigations of the specific heat, $C$, of apple in a wide interval of moisture contents ($W=0-0.9$) and temperatures ($T = 283-363$ K). The obtained data reveal the important role of the bound water in determination of $C(W,T)$ behaviour. The additive model for description of $C(W)$ dependence in the moisture range of $0.1apple was considered as a mixture of water and hydrated apple material (water plasticised apple) with specific heat $C_h$. The difference between $C_h$ and specific heat of dry apple, $\\Delta Cb=C_h-C_d$, was proposed as a measure of the excess contribution of bound water to the specific heat. The estimated amounts of bound water $W_b$ were comparable with the monolayer moisture content in apple. The analytical equation was proposed for approximation of $C(W,T)$ dependencies in the studied intervals of moisture content and temperature.

  18. TEST RESULT ANALYSIS WITH RESPECT TO FORMAL SPECIFICATIONS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    von Bochmann, Gregor

    TEST RESULT ANALYSIS WITH RESPECT TO FORMAL SPECIFICATIONS Gregor v. BOCHMANN and Omar B. BELLAL Université de Montréal Montréal, Canada Abstract: There are two aspects to testing: (1) the selection of appropriate test inputs and (2) the analysis of the observed interactions of the implementation under test

  19. The Timetable of Laminar Neurogenesis Contributes to the Specification of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Polleux, Franck

    The Timetable of Laminar Neurogenesis Contributes to the Specification of Cortical Areas in Mouse on either side of the 17-18 border suggesting that there might be different timetables of laminar compute the timetable of laminar histogenesis from birthdating experiments. Here we report the results

  20. A Language for Biochemical Systems: Design and Formal Specification

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Plotkin, Gordon

    and regulatory networks in terms of reactions between modified complexes, occurring concurrently inside semantical objects. Examples of such structures for the specific cases of Petri nets, coloured Petri nets, subtyping, combinato- rial explosion, nondeterminism, Petri nets, coloured Petri nets, ordinary differential

  1. GDCT Initialization File [gdct.ini] Format Specification Guide

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rosebrugh, Robert

    GDCT Initialization File [gdct.ini] Format Specification Guide Written By: Jeremy Bradbury June 22, 2000 Below is the layout of the gdct.ini file. It is important to note the following: · If the gdct.ini to represent that a file does not exist under the "Recent Files" section of the gdct.ini file. [Internal

  2. Specification and Refinement of a RealTime Control System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Graeme

    such approach via the specification and refinement of the well­known Steam Boiler Control Problem. The case calculus [Fidge et al., 1998] through the specifi­ cation and refinement of the well­known Steam Boiler. These features, although not central to the Steam Boiler Control Problem, are typical of features which must

  3. Predicting Cancer-Specific Vulnerability via Data-Driven

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ruppin, Eytan

    Resource Predicting Cancer-Specific Vulnerability via Data-Driven Detection of Synthetic LethalityCancer Research UK, The Beatson Institute for Cancer Research, Switchback Road, Glasgow G61 1BD, Scotland the inhibition of each single gene is not. It can be harnessed to selectively treat cancer by identifying

  4. Rate of environmental change determines stress response specificity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elowitz, Michael

    as to salt (13), calcium (14), heat, and other stresses (15). Bacteria also contain general stress responseRate of environmental change determines stress response specificity Jonathan W. Younga,1 , James C (received for review August 2, 2012) Cells use general stress response pathways to activate diverse tar- get

  5. DNA topology confers sequence specificity to nonspecific architectural proteins

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Swigon, David

    DNA topology confers sequence specificity to nonspecific architectural proteins Juan Weia , Luke proteins into tightly organized 3D struc- tures. The bacterial heat-unstable (HU) protein builds up. The HU protein introduces a unique spatial pathway in the DNA upon closure. The many ways in which

  6. Steam boiler control specification problem: A TLA solution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Merz, Stephan

    Steam boiler control specification problem: A TLA solution Frank Le�ke and Stephan Merz Institut f of the state of the steam boiler, detect failures, and model message transmission. We give a more detailed between the physi­ cal state of the steam boiler and the model maintained by the controller and discuss

  7. SYNTHESIS OF EMBEDDED SOFTWARE FROM SYNCHRONOUS DATAFLOW SPECIFICATIONS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley, University of

    cost, power and speed constraints. To help cope with such complexity, DSP system designers have increasingly been employing high-level, graphical design environments in which system specification is based limited amounts of on-chip memory, and the speed, power, and cost penalties for using off-chip memory

  8. 15 Mycorrhizal Specificity and Function in Myco-heterotrophic Plants

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taylor, Lee

    15 Mycorrhizal Specificity and Function in Myco-heterotrophic Plants D.L. Taylor, T.D. Bruns, J . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 000 15.3.1.6 Molecular Studies of Wild Plants . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 000 15.3.2 Overview diverse fungi co-exist with the plant. Moreover, in one case, genetic influences of the host plant have

  9. PROGRAMME SPECIFICATION Programme name Banking and International Finance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weyde, Tillman

    1 PROGRAMME SPECIFICATION KEY FACTS Programme name Banking and International Finance Award BSc The BSc (Hons) Banking and International Finance degree provides you with the academic knowledge skills and knowledge in the key areas of banking and international finance, including Financial

  10. Specific-heat discontinuity in impure two-band superconductors 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mishonov, TM; Penev, ES; Indekeu, JO; Pokrovsky, Valery L.

    2003-01-01

    at the critical temperature T-c decreases with increasing disorder, its ratio to the normal-state specific heat at T-c increases and slowly converges to the isotropic value. For strong disorder the deviation from the isotropic value is proportional to the elastic...

  11. Software Requirements Specification of A University Class Scheduler

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Needell, Deanna

    tool, requirements specification, use cases, scenarios, class diagram, UML. 1 Introduction of this project has been on academic scheduling for universities, yet due to its flexible design the UCS can of entering large amounts of data. There are rather few similar products currently on the market, for instance

  12. Predicting Tissue-Specific Enhancers in the Human Genome

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pennacchio, Len A.; Loots, Gabriela G.; Nobrega, Marcelo A.; Ovcharenko, Ivan

    2006-07-01

    Determining how transcriptional regulatory signals areencoded in vertebrate genomes is essential for understanding the originsof multi-cellular complexity; yet the genetic code of vertebrate generegulation remains poorly understood. In an attempt to elucidate thiscode, we synergistically combined genome-wide gene expression profiling,vertebrate genome comparisons, and transcription factor binding siteanalysis to define sequence signatures characteristic of candidatetissue-specific enhancers in the human genome. We applied this strategyto microarray-based gene expression profiles from 79 human tissues andidentified 7,187 candidate enhancers that defined their flanking geneexpression, the majority of which were located outside of knownpromoters. We cross-validated this method for its ability to de novopredict tissue-specific gene expression and confirmed its reliability in57 of the 79 available human tissues, with an average precision inenhancer recognition ranging from 32 percent to 63 percent, and asensitivity of 47 percent. We used the sequence signatures identified bythis approach to assign tissue-specific predictions to ~;328,000human-mouse conserved noncoding elements in the human genome. Byoverlapping these genome-wide predictions with a large in vivo dataset ofenhancers validated in transgenic mice, we confirmed our results with a28 percent sensitivity and 50 percent precision. These results indicatethe power of combining complementary genomic datasets as an initialcomputational foray into the global view of tissue-specific generegulation in vertebrates.

  13. Specific Functions for ERK/MAPK Signaling during PNS Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neuron Article Specific Functions for ERK/MAPK Signaling during PNS Development Jason M. Newbern,1 MAPKs, ERK1/2 and ERK5, in DRG, motor neuron, and Schwann cell development. Surprisingly, many aspects of early DRG and motor neuron devel- opment were found to be ERK1/2 independent, and Erk5 deletion had

  14. Developing a Computer Science-specific Learning Taxonomy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kent, University of

    152 Developing a Computer Science-specific Learning Taxonomy Ursula Fuller Computing Laboratory@computer.org ABSTRACT Bloom's taxonomy of the cognitive domain and the SOLO taxonomy are being increasingly widely used. This paper reviews the literature on educational taxonomies and their use in computer science education

  15. Computerised lung sound analysis to improve the specificity of paediatric

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elhilali, Mounya

    Computerised lung sound analysis to improve the specificity of paediatric pneumonia diagnosis that pulmonary pathology can be differentiated from normal using computerised lung sound analysis (CLSA). The authors will record lung sounds from 600 children aged #5 years, 100 each with consolidative pneumonia

  16. Lineage-Specific Gene Expansions in Bacterial and Archaeal Genomes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jordan, King

    for Biotechnology Information, National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20894. Makarova,1,2,3 John L. Spouge,1 Yuri I. Wolf,1,3 and Eugene V. Koonin1,4 1 National Center. Ohno's particular model of evolution by gene du- plication and, specifically, the role of natural

  17. Building Responsive Systems from Physicallycorrect Specifications Azer Bestavros \\Lambda

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    '' at the specification level is likely to spare a lot of time and energy in the development cycle of responsive systems an environment. The leaping advances in computing technologies that the last few decades have witnessed have maintenance or reconfiguration difficult. Examples include command and control sys­ tems, nuclear reactors

  18. Virus Specificity in Disease Systems: Are Species Redundant?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Flecker, Alex

    Chapter 17 m Virus Specificity in Disease Systems: Are Species Redundant? Alison G. Power about the effects of plant viruses despite their ubiquitous distribution in plants. Several recent studies have stressed the prevalence of viruses in natural plant populations (e.g., Power and Remold 1996

  19. Open Automated Demand Response Communications Specification (Version 1.0)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Piette, Mary Ann; Ghatikar, Girish; Kiliccote, Sila; Koch, Ed; Hennage, Dan; Palensky, Peter; McParland, Charles

    2009-02-28

    The development of the Open Automated Demand Response Communications Specification, also known as OpenADR or Open Auto-DR, began in 2002 following the California electricity crisis. The work has been carried out by the Demand Response Research Center (DRRC), which is managed by Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. This specification describes an open standards-based communications data model designed to facilitate sending and receiving demand response price and reliability signals from a utility or Independent System Operator to electric customers. OpenADR is one element of the Smart Grid information and communications technologies that are being developed to improve optimization between electric supply and demand. The intention of the open automated demand response communications data model is to provide interoperable signals to building and industrial control systems that are preprogrammed to take action based on a demand response signal, enabling a demand response event to be fully automated, with no manual intervention. The OpenADR specification is a flexible infrastructure to facilitate common information exchange between the utility or Independent System Operator and end-use participants. The concept of an open specification is intended to allow anyone to implement the signaling systems, the automation server or the automation clients.

  20. Catalytic Domain of Phosphoinositide-specific Phospholipase C (PLC)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams, Roger L.

    Catalytic Domain of Phosphoinositide-specific Phospholipase C (PLC) MUTATIONAL ANALYSIS OF RESIDUES WITHIN THE ACTIVE SITE AND HYDROPHOBIC RIDGE OF PLC 1* (Received for publication, November 20, 1997 Institute, University of Dundee, Dundee DD1 4HN, United Kingdom Structural studies of phospholipase C 1 (PLC

  1. Product specification Supersedes data of 1999 Apr 23

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berns, Hans-Gerd

    DATA SHEET Product specification Supersedes data of 1999 Apr 23 2004 Oct 11 DISCRETE SEMICONDUCTORS 2N3906 PNP switching transistor book, halfpage M3D186 #12;2004 Oct 11 2 Philips Semiconductors base 3 emitter Fig.1 Simplified outline (TO-92; SOT54) and symbol. handbook, halfpage1 3 2 MAM280 1 2 3

  2. Product specification Supersedes data of 1999 May 26

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ravikumar, B.

    DATA SHEET Product specification Supersedes data of 1999 May 26 2003 Jun 06 DISCRETE SEMICONDUCTORS 1N914; 1N914A; 1N914B High-speed diodes M3D176 #12;2003 Jun 06 2 Philips Semiconductors Product. handbook, halfpage MAM246 k a LIMITING VALUES In accordance with the Absolute Maximum Rating System (IEC

  3. Product specification Supersedes data of 1999 Apr 23

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berns, Hans-Gerd

    DATA SHEET Product specification Supersedes data of 1999 Apr 23 2004 Oct 11 DISCRETE SEMICONDUCTORS 2N3904 NPN switching transistor book, halfpage M3D186 #12;2004 Oct 11 2 Philips Semiconductors.1 Simplified outline (TO-92; SOT54) and symbol. handbook, halfpage1 3 2 MAM279 1 2 3 ORDERING

  4. Product specification Supersedes data of 1996 Apr 26

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ravikumar, B.

    DATA SHEET Product specification Supersedes data of 1996 Apr 26 1999 May 25 DISCRETE SEMICONDUCTORS BZX79 series Voltage regulator diodes M3D176 #12;1999 May 25 2 Philips Semiconductors Product Simplified outline (SOD27; DO-35) and symbol. The diodes are type branded. handbook, halfpage MAM239 k

  5. Standard Specification for Nuclear Grade Zirconium Oxide Pellets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    American Society for Testing and Materials. Philadelphia

    2009-01-01

    1.1 This specification applies to pellets of stabilized zirconium oxide used in nuclear reactors. 1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in parentheses are for information only.

  6. Standard specification for sintered gadolinium oxide-uranium dioxide pellets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    American Society for Testing and Materials. Philadelphia

    2008-01-01

    1.1 This specification is for finished sintered gadolinium oxide-uranium dioxide pellets for use in light-water reactors. It applies to gadolinium oxide-uranium dioxide pellets containing uranium of any 235U concentration and any concentration of gadolinium oxide. 1.2 This specification recognizes the presence of reprocessed uranium in the fuel cycle and consequently defines isotopic limits for gadolinium oxide-uranium dioxide pellets made from commercial grade UO2. Such commercial grade UO2 is defined so that, regarding fuel design and manufacture, the product is essentially equivalent to that made from unirradiated uranium. UO2 falling outside these limits cannot necessarily be regarded as equivalent and may thus need special provisions at the fuel fabrication plant or in the fuel design. 1.3 This specification does not include (1) provisions for preventing criticality accidents or (2) requirements for health and safety. Observance of this specification does not relieve the user of the obligation to be aw...

  7. Standard specification for nuclear-Grade boron carbide pellets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    American Society for Testing and Materials. Philadelphia

    2007-01-01

    1.1 This specification applies to boron carbide pellets for use as a control material in nuclear reactors. 1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in parentheses are for information only.

  8. The Specification and Execution of Heterogeneous Synchronous Reactive Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    a large class of such heteroge- neous systems. User Interface Controller Line Controller Display Buttons: A digital answering machine--a typical hetero- geneous system I propose a specification scheme that supports important systems fit this mold, including those with complex user interfaces (e.g., digital watches, CD

  9. System Level Specification for Multimedia Applications Dohyung Kim

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ha, Soonhoi

    Introduction As the system complexity of electronic digital systems grows, a new systematic design methodology presents a system level specification for codesign of control modules and function modules in mul- timedia applications which have significant computational requirements as well as complex control systems

  10. Mapping Regulations to Industry-Specific Taxonomies Chin Pang Cheng

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stanford University

    for regulations. In this paper, we present a systematic approach to mapping regulations to industryMapping Regulations to Industry-Specific Taxonomies Chin Pang Cheng Stanford University Dept For each industry, there exist many taxonomies that are intended for various applications. There are also

  11. Matching Unstructured Product Offers to Structured Product Specifications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toronto, University of

    Matching Unstructured Product Offers to Structured Product Specifications Anitha Kannan Search Labs for millions of products. The search engine receives millions of sales offers from thousands of independent unstructured offers to structured product descriptions must address, drawing upon our experience from building

  12. Proposed Specifications for Implementation of Fifth Power Plan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to by the technical working group have been included in the specifications. The measure of cost-effective savings of implementation was favored over energy savings. ASHRAE was used for equipment efficiency levels that fall under to produce power savings that are cost-effective for the region and economically feasible for consumers

  13. Glucose conjugation for the specific targeting and treatment of cancer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hergenrother, Paul J.

    Glucose conjugation for the specific targeting and treatment of cancer Emilia C. Calvaresia and Paul J. Hergenrother*ab Cancers of diverse origins exhibit marked glucose avidity and high rates has led to an interest in targeting it for cancer therapy. One promising strategy for such targeting

  14. ON OBSERVATIONAL EQUIVALENCE AND ALGEBRAIC SPECIFICATION --Extended abstract i --

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sannella, Don

    operations on nat and bool), and suppose A and B are ~-algebras with tAIbunch = the set of finite setsON OBSERVATIONAL EQUIVALENCE AND ALGEBRAIC SPECIFICATION -- Extended abstract i -- Donald Sannella which is adequate to handle reachable algebras only, and show how to extend it to cope with unreachable

  15. A Framework for Object Oriented Hardware Specification, Verification, and Synthesis*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ould Ahmedou, Mohameden

    A Framework for Object Oriented Hardware Specification, Verification, and Synthesis* T. Kuhn, T of hardware. For this purpose the object oriented language `e' is introduced along with a powerful run Object oriented hardware modeling, verification, high-level synthesis. 1. INTRODUCTION The ever

  16. Economics Faculty Advising Do you have economics industry specific questions?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alpay, S. Pamir

    Economics Faculty Advising Do you have economics industry specific questions? Are you planning to attend graduate school for economics and want more information? Are you looking to build a relationship with an economics faculty member? Below are the Economics Faculty Advisors for Spring 2015 semester. The advisor

  17. Microchip method for the enrichment of specific DNA sequences

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Mirzabekov, A.D.; Lysov, Y.P.; Shick, V.V.; Dubiley, S.A.

    1998-12-22

    A method for enriching specific genetic material sequences is provided, whereby oligonucleotide molecules complementary to the desired genetic material is first used to isolate the genetic material from a first source of genomic material. Then the genetic material is used as a label to isolate similar genetic sequences from other sources. 4 figs.

  18. OpenADR Specification to Ease Saving Power in Buildings

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Piette, Mary Ann

    2013-05-29

    A new data model developed by researchers at the Department of Energys Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and their colleagues at other universities and in the private sector will help facilities and buildings save power through automated demand response technology, and advance the development of the Smart Grid. http://newscenter.lbl.gov/press-releases/2009/04/27/openadr-specification/

  19. USING PROCESS SPECIFICATION LANGUAGE FOR PROJECT INFORMATION EXCHANGE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stanford University

    as a standard exchange language for process information in the manufacturing industry. In this paper, we explore specifically to exchange process information among manufacturing applications. This study explores, academia and standards organizations to propose ontology standards for data exchange, such as STEP (ISO

  20. PROCESS SPECIFICATION LANGUAGE FOR PROJECT SCHEDULING INFORMATION EXCHANGE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stanford University

    of Standards and Technology (NIST) and is emerging as a standard exchange language for process information in the manufacturing industry. This paper explores how PSL can be used for exchanging project scheduling informationPROCESS SPECIFICATION LANGUAGE FOR PROJECT SCHEDULING INFORMATION EXCHANGE Jinxing Cheng1 , Michael

  1. Declarative Specification of Web Applications exploiting Web Services and Workflows

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Manolescu, Ioana

    , Web pages are defined as sets of interconnected units. A unit is an elementary piece of content describe: (i) business processes and activity flows, described by generic workflow specifications (Section) publishing of more complex Web services from existing ones and wrapping of applications as Web services

  2. Constraint Orientated Specification with CSP and Real Time Temporal Logic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kent, University of

    Constraint Orientated Specification with CSP and Real Time Temporal Logic Justin Pearson Department Processes (CSP) [Hoa85] and a version of Propositional Temporal Logic (PTL), derived from [Eme90]. CSP. The behaviour of a CSP process is dependent on its environment; it is therefore difficult to assert global

  3. Optimal Control with Weighted Average Costs and Temporal Logic Specifications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Murray, Richard M.

    Optimal Control with Weighted Average Costs and Temporal Logic Specifications Eric M. Wolff Control and Dynamical Systems California Institute of Technology Pasadena, California 91125 Email: ewolff@caltech.edu Ufuk Topcu Control and Dynamical Systems California Institute of Technology Pasadena, California 91125

  4. Magnetic Wall Climbing Robot for Thin Surfaces with Specific Obstacles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Magnetic Wall Climbing Robot for Thin Surfaces with Specific Obstacles W. Fischer¹, F. Tâche high magnetic forces The main optimization criterion for this robot was to design it as light@ethz.ch Summary. This paper describes a novel solution to a mobile climbing robot on mag- netic wheels, designed

  5. Applied Formal Methods -From CSP to Executable Hybrid Specifications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peleska, Jan - Fachbereich 3

    research about Hybrid Statecharts Test Automation for Hybrid Systems motivates research about Hybrid Low Integrated Modular Avioncis (A380) (Verified Systems 2002...) Development of Railway Control Systems from VERIFIED SYSTEMS INTERNATIONAL GMBH #12;Specification-Based Hard Real-Time Testing Building blocks

  6. First Specification of Phoenix, an Active Database Programming Language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clausen, Michael

    First Specification of Phoenix, an Active Database Programming Language Ulrike Griefahn Department 1995 #12; Abstract This report aims at introducing the novel active database language Phoenix which is currently under development at the computer science department of the university of Bonn. Phoenix

  7. Mapping Regulations to Industry-Specific Taxonomies Chin Pang Cheng

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stanford University

    , such as the CIMsteel Integration Standards (CIS/2) [7] , the Industry Foundation Classes (IFC) [10], and the OmniMapping Regulations to Industry-Specific Taxonomies Chin Pang Cheng Stanford University Dept For each industry, there exist many taxonomies that are intended for various applications. There are also

  8. COMMERCIAL FUEL CARDS RULES & RESPONSIBILITIES: Vehicle Specific Cards

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pillow, Jonathan

    COMMERCIAL FUEL CARDS ­ RULES & RESPONSIBILITIES: Vehicle Specific Cards A card issued rented by that department. Restrictions · Commercial fuel cards can only be used for fuel and vehicle Services (number of transactions/day, dollars/month, fuel only, etc.) Departmental Responsibilities

  9. Evolving treatment plan quality criteria from institution-specific experience

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ruan, D.; Shao, W.; DeMarco, J.; Tenn, S.; King, C.; Low, D.; Kupelian, P.; Steinberg, M.

    2012-05-15

    Purpose: The dosimetric aspects of radiation therapy treatment plan quality are usually evaluated and reported with dose volume histogram (DVH) endpoints. For clinical practicality, a small number of representative quantities derived from the DVH are often used as dose endpoints to summarize the plan quality. National guidelines on reference values for such quantities for some standard treatment approaches are often used as acceptance criteria to trigger treatment plan review. On the other hand, treatment prescription and planning approaches specific to each institution warrants the need to report plan quality in terms of practice consistency and with respect to institution-specific experience. The purpose of this study is to investigate and develop a systematic approach to record and characterize the institution-specific plan experience and use such information to guide the design of plan quality criteria. In the clinical setting, this approach will assist in (1) improving overall plan quality and consistency and (2) detecting abnormal plan behavior for retrospective analysis. Methods: The authors propose a self-evolving methodology and have developed an in-house prototype software suite that (1) extracts the dose endpoints from a treatment plan and evaluates them against both national standard and institution-specific criteria and (2) evolves the statistics for the dose endpoints and updates institution-specific criteria. Results: The validity of the proposed methodology was demonstrated with a database of prostate stereotactic body radiotherapy cases. As more data sets are accumulated, the evolving institution-specific criteria can serve as a reliable and stable consistency measure for plan quality and reveals the potential use of the ''tighter'' criteria than national standards or projected criteria, leading to practice that may push to shrink the gap between plans deemed acceptable and the underlying unknown optimality. Conclusions: The authors have developed a rationale to improve plan quality and consistency, by evolving the plan quality criteria from institution-specific experience, complementary to national standards. The validity of the proposed method was demonstrated with a prototype system on prostate stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) cases. The current study uses direct and indirect DVH endpoints for plan quality evaluation, but the infrastructure proposed here applies to general outcome data as well. The authors expect forward evaluation together with intelligent update based on evidence-based learning, which will evolve the clinical practice for improved efficiency, consistency, and ultimately better treatment outcome.

  10. Antigen-specific murine T cell clones produce soluble interleukin 2 receptor on stimulation with specific antigens

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wagner, D.K.; York-Jolley, J.; Malek, T.R.; Berzofsky, J.A.; Nelson, D.L.

    1986-07-15

    In this study, monoclonal antibodies were used to the murine IL 2 receptor (IL 2R) termed 3C7 and 7D4, which bind to different epitopes on the murine IL 2R, to develop an ELISA to measure soluble murine IL 2R. Surprisingly, stimulated murine spleen cells not only expressed cell-associated IL 2R, but also produced a considerable level of cellfree IL 2R in the culture supernatant fluid. To assess the fine specificity of this response, myoglobin-immune murine T cell clones were stimulated with appropriate or inappropriate antigen and syngeneic or allogeneic presenting cells. Proliferation, measured by (/sup 3/H) thymidine incorporation, and levels of soluble IL 2R were determined at day 4. The production of soluble IL2R displayed the same epitope fine specificity, genetic restriction, and antigen dose-response as the proliferative response. Indeed, in some cases there was sharper discrimination of epitope specificity and genetic restriction with the soluble IL 2R levels. There was also reproducible clone-to-clone variation in the amount of soluble receptor produced in response to antigen among 12 T cell clones and lines tested. In time course experiments, proliferation was greatest at day 3, whereas soluble IL 2R levels continued to rise in subsequent days. To the authors' knowledge, this is the first demonstration of release of secretion of soluble IL 2R by murine T cells, and the first demonstration of the fine specificity and genetic restriction of the induction of soluble IL 2R by specific antigen.

  11. SLALOM: a Language for SLA specification and monitoring

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Correia, Anacleto; Amaral, Vasco

    2011-01-01

    IT services provisioning is usually underpinned by service level agreements (SLAs), aimed at guaranteeing services quality. However, there is a gap between the customer perspective (business oriented) and that of the service provider (implementation oriented) that becomes more evident while defining and monitoring SLAs. This paper proposes a domain specific language (SLA Language for specificatiOn and Monitoring - SLALOM) to bridge the previous gap. The first step in SLALOM creation was factoring out common concepts, by composing the BPMN metamodel with that of the SLA life cycle, as described in ITIL. The derived metamodel expresses the SLALOM abstract syntax model. The second step was to write concrete syntaxes targeting different aims, such as SLA representation in process models. An example of SLALOM's concrete syntax model instantiation for an IT service sup-ported by self-service financial terminals is presented.

  12. The Quantum Black Hole Specific Heat is Positive

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andrzej Z. Gorski; Pawel O. Mazur

    1997-05-16

    We suggest in this Letter that the Bekenstein-Hawking black hole entropy accounts for the degrees of freedom which are excited at low temperatures only and hence it leads to the negative specific heat. Taking into account the physical degrees of freedom which are excited at high temperatures, the existence of which we postulate, we compute the total specific heat of the quantum black hole that appears to be positive. This is done in analogy to the Planck's treatment of the black body radiation problem. Other thermodynamic functions are computed as well. Our results and the success of the thermodynamic description of the quantum black hole suggest an underlying atomic (discrete) structure of gravitation. The basic properties of these gravitational atoms are found.

  13. Continuous phase transition and negative specific heat in finite nuclei

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. N. De; S. K. Samaddar; S. Shlomo; J. B. Natowitz

    2006-01-30

    The liquid-gas phase transition in finite nuclei is studied in a heated liquid-drop model where the nuclear drop is assumed to be in thermodynamic equilibrium with its own evaporated nucleonic vapor conserving the total baryon number and isospin of the system. It is found that in the liquid-vapor coexistence region the pressure is not a constant on an isotherm indicating that the transition is continuous. At constant pressure, the caloric curve shows some anomalies, namely, the systems studied exhibit negative heat capacity in a small temperature domain. The dependence of this specific feature on the mass and isospin of the nucleus, Coulomb interaction and the chosen pressure is studied. The effects of the presence of clusters in the vapor phase on specific heat have also been explored.

  14. Generic solar photovoltaic system dynamic simulation model specification.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ellis, Abraham; Behnke, Michael Robert; Elliott, Ryan Thomas

    2013-10-01

    This document is intended to serve as a specification for generic solar photovoltaic (PV) system positive-sequence dynamic models to be implemented by software developers and approved by the WECC MVWG for use in bulk system dynamic simulations in accordance with NERC MOD standards. Two specific dynamic models are included in the scope of this document. The first, a Central Station PV System model, is intended to capture the most important dynamic characteristics of large scale (> 10 MW) PV systems with a central Point of Interconnection (POI) at the transmission level. The second, a Distributed PV System model, is intended to represent an aggregation of smaller, distribution-connected systems that comprise a portion of a composite load that might be modeled at a transmission load bus.

  15. Novel strategies for ultrahigh specific activity targeted nanoparticles

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhou, Dong

    2012-12-13

    We have developed novel strategies optimized for preparing high specific activity radiolabeled nanoparticles, targeting nuclear imaging of low abundance biomarkers. Several compounds have been labeled with F-18 and Cu-64 for radiolabeling of SCK-nanoparticles via Copper(I) catalyzed or copper-free alkyne-azide cyclolization. Novel strategies have been developed to achieve ultrahigh specific activity with administrable amount of dose for human study using copper-free chemistry. Ligands for carbonic anhydrase 12 (CA12), a low abundance extracellular biomarker for the responsiveness of breast cancer to endocrine therapie, have been labeled with F-18 and Cu-64, and one of them has been evaluated in animal models. The results of this project will lead to major improvements in the use of nanoparticles in nuclear imaging and will significantly advance their potential for detecting low abundance biomarkers of medical importance.

  16. Repressor-mediated tissue-specific gene expression in plants

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Meagher, Richard B. (Athens, GA); Balish, Rebecca S. (Oxford, OH); Tehryung, Kim (Athens, GA); McKinney, Elizabeth C. (Athens, GA)

    2009-02-17

    Plant tissue specific gene expression by way of repressor-operator complexes, has enabled outcomes including, without limitation, male sterility and engineered plants having root-specific gene expression of relevant proteins to clean environmental pollutants from soil and water. A mercury hyperaccumulation strategy requires that mercuric ion reductase coding sequence is strongly expressed. The actin promoter vector, A2pot, engineered to contain bacterial lac operator sequences, directed strong expression in all plant vegetative organs and tissues. In contrast, the expression from the A2pot construct was restricted primarily to root tissues when a modified bacterial repressor (LacIn) was coexpressed from the light-regulated rubisco small subunit promoter in above-ground tissues. Also provided are analogous repressor operator complexes for selective expression in other plant tissues, for example, to produce male sterile plants.

  17. Chromosome-specific staining to detect genetic rearrangements

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Gray, Joe W.; Pinkel, Daniel; Tkachuk, Douglas; Westbrook, Carol

    2013-04-09

    Methods and compositions for staining based upon nucleic acid sequence that employ nucleic acid probes are provided. Said methods produce staining patterns that can be tailored for specific cytogenetic analyzes. Said probes are appropriate for in situ hybridization and stain both interphase and metaphase chromosomal material with reliable signals. The nucleic acid probes are typically of a complexity greater than 50 kb, the complexity depending upon the cytogenetic application. Methods and reagents are provided for the detection of genetic rearrangements. Probes and test kits are provided for use in detecting genetic rearrangements, particularly for use in tumor cytogenetics, in the detection of disease related loci, specifically cancer, such as chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) and for biological dosimetry. Methods and reagents are described for cytogenetic research, for the differentiation of cytogenetically similar but genetically different diseases, and for many prognostic and diagnostic applications.

  18. Subsurface barrier demonstration test strategy and performance specification

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Treat, R.L.; Cruse, J.M.

    1994-05-01

    This document was developed to help specify a major demonstration test project of subsurface barrier systems supporting the Tank Waste Remediation System (TWRS) Program. The document focuses discussion on requirements applicable to demonstration of three subsurface barrier concepts: (1) Injected Material, (2) Cryogenic, and (3) Desiccant. Detailed requirements are provided for initial qualification of a technology proposal followed by the pre-demonstration and demonstration test requirements and specifications. Each requirement and specification is accompanied by a discussion of the rationale for it. The document also includes information on the Hanford Site tank farms and related data; the related and currently active technology development projects within the DOE`s EM-50 Program; and the overall demonstration test strategy. Procurement activities and other preparations for actual demonstration testing are on hold until a decision is made regarding further development of subsurface barriers. Accordingly, this document is being issued for information only.

  19. Draft Geologic Disposal Requirements Basis for STAD Specification

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ilgen, Anastasia G.; Bryan, Charles R.; Hardin, Ernest

    2015-03-25

    This document provides the basis for requirements in the current version of Performance Specification for Standardized Transportation, Aging, and Disposal Canister Systems, (FCRD-NFST-2014-0000579) that are driven by storage and geologic disposal considerations. Performance requirements for the Standardized Transportation, Aging, and Disposal (STAD) canister are given in Section 3.1 of that report. Here, the requirements are reviewed and the rationale for each provided. Note that, while FCRD-NFST-2014-0000579 provides performance specifications for other components of the STAD storage system (e.g. storage overpack, transfer and transportation casks, and others), these have no impact on the canister performance during disposal, and are not discussed here.

  20. Solid Waste Information and Tracking System (SWITS) Software Requirements Specification

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    MAY, D.L.

    2000-03-22

    This document is the primary document establishing requirements for the Solid Waste Information and Tracking System (SWITS) as it is converted to a client-server architecture. The purpose is to provide the customer and the performing organizations with the requirements for the SWITS in the new environment. This Software Requirement Specification (SRS) describes the system requirements for the SWITS Project, and follows the PHMC Engineering Requirements, HNF-PRO-1819, and Computer Software Qualify Assurance Requirements, HNF-PRO-309, policies. This SRS includes sections on general description, specific requirements, references, appendices, and index. The SWITS system defined in this document stores information about the solid waste inventory on the Hanford site. Waste is tracked as it is generated, analyzed, shipped, stored, and treated. In addition to inventory reports a number of reports for regulatory agencies are produced.

  1. Positive specific heat of the quantum corrected dilaton black hole

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. Grumiller; W. Kummer; D. V. Vassilevich

    2003-06-20

    Path integral quantization of dilaton gravity in two dimensions is applied to the CGHS model to the first nontrivial order in matter loops. Our approach is background independent as geometry is integrated out exactly. The result is an effective shift of the Killing norm: the apparent horizon becomes smaller. The Hawking temperature which is constant to leading order receives a quantum correction. As a consequence, the specific heat becomes positive and proportional to the square of the black hole mass.

  2. The specific heat of superfluids near the transition temperature

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    N. Schultka; E. Manousakis

    1995-02-15

    The specific heat of the $x-y$ model is studied on cubic lattices of sizes $L \\times L \\times L$ and on lattices $L \\times L \\times H$ with $L \\gg H$ (i.e. on lattices representing a film geometry) using the Cluster Monte Carlo method. Periodic boundary conditions were applied in all directions. In the cubic case we obtained the ratio of the critical exponents $\\alpha/\

  3. Specific systems studies of battery energy storage for electric utilities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Akhil, A.A.; Lachenmeyer, L.; Jabbour, S.J.; Clark, H.K.

    1993-08-01

    Sandia National Laboratories, New Mexico, conducts the Utility Battery Storage Systems Program, which is sponsored by the US Department of Energy`s Office of Energy Management. As a part of this program, four utility-specific systems studies were conducted to identify potential battery energy storage applications within each utility network and estimate the related benefits. This report contains the results of these systems studies.

  4. Phase Measurement of Cognitive Impairment Specific to Radiotherapy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Armstrong, Carol L.; Shera, David M.; Lustig, Robert A.; Phillips, Peter C.

    2012-07-01

    Purpose: Memory impairment is an early-delayed effect of radiotherapy (RT). The prospective longitudinal measurement of the cognitive phase effects from RT was conducted on treated and untreated brain tumor patients. The study design investigated semantic vs. perceptual and visual vs. verbal memory to determine the most disease-specific measure of RT-related changes and understanding of the neurotoxicity from RT to the brain. Methods and Materials: Tests of memory that had previously shown RT-related phasic changes were compared with experimental tests of memory to test hypotheses about cognition targeted to the neural toxicity of RT. The results from 41 irradiated and 29 nonirradiated patients with low-grade, supratentorial tumors were analyzed. The methods controlled for comorbid white matter risk, recurrence, interval after treatment, and age (18-69 years). The effects were examined before RT and at three points after RT to 1 year using a mixed effects model that included interval, group, surgical status, medication use, practice, and individual random effects. Four new tests of memory and other candidate cognitive tests were investigated, and a post hoc analysis of a comprehensive battery of tests was performed to identify the cognitive processes most specific to RT. Results: The RT effects on memory were identified in the treated group only; among the new tests of memory and the complete neurocognitive battery, the RT effects were significant only for delayed recall (p < 0.009) and interval to recognize (p < 0.002). Tumor location was not related to the treatment effect. Memory decline was specific to retrieval of semantic memories; a double dissociation of semantic from perceptual visual memory was demonstrated in the RT group. Conclusions: These results implicate memory dependent on the semantic cortex and the hippocampal memory system. A cognitive measurement that is brief but specific to neural mechanisms is effective and feasible for studies of RT damage.

  5. Method for preparing high specific activity 177Lu

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Mirzadeh, Saed; Du, Miting; Beets, Arnold L.; Knapp, Jr., Furn F.

    2004-04-06

    A method of separating lutetium from a solution containing Lu and Yb, particularly reactor-produced .sup.177 Lu and .sup.177 Yb, includes the steps of: providing a chromatographic separation apparatus containing LN resin; loading the apparatus with a solution containing Lu and Yb; and eluting the apparatus to chromatographically separate the Lu and the Yb in order to produce high-specific-activity .sup.177 Yb.

  6. Standard specification for nuclear-grade zirconium oxide powder

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    American Society for Testing and Materials. Philadelphia

    2008-01-01

    1.1 This specification defines the physical and chemical requirements for zirconium oxide powder intended for fabrication into shapes, either entirely or partially of zirconia, for use in a nuclear reactor core. 1.2 The material described herein shall be particulate in nature. 1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.

  7. Relating the MSR Crypto-Protocol Specification Language to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of the Transformation Running Example Conclusion #12;MSR Specification Language Atomic Types: princ, nonce, msg Dependent Types: shK A B, pubK A, privK k, stK A B, ltK A B Subtyping: princ Role B B . L : princ(B) nonce nonce ltK B S . A : princ. n : nonce . kBS : ltK B S . X : msg

  8. Project Specific Non-Availability Waivers | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankADVANCED MANUFACTURINGEnergy Bills andOrderNATIONALofDefineEnergy NationalDepartmentProject Specific

  9. Model Specification for LED Roadway Luminaires | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankADVANCED MANUFACTURING OFFICESpecialAPPENDIX F Wetlandsof Energy Model Repair SpecificationsLED

  10. Phenomenological two-gap model for the specific heat of MgB2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2001-01-01

    two^gap model for the specific heat of MgB F. BOUQUET ' , Y.2 - BCS normalized specific heat (thin line), experimentaldotted lines), and partial specific heat of both bands (full

  11. PlatformIndependentModel(PIM)and PlatformSpecificModel(PSM)for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Suzuki, Jun

    PlatformIndependentModel(PIM)and PlatformSpecificModel(PSM)for Super Catalog. OMGAdoptedSpecification dtc/03-09-01 #12;#12;PlatformIndependentModel(PIM)and PlatformSpecificModel(PSM

  12. Specific Mass Estimates for A Vapor Core Reactor With MHD

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Knight, Travis; Smith, Blair; Anghaie, Samim [Innovative Nuclear Space Power and Propulsion Institute (INSPI), PO Box 116502, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611-6502 (United States)

    2002-07-01

    This study investigated the development of a system concept for space power generation and nuclear electric propulsion based on a vapor core reactor (VCR) with magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) power conversion system, coupled to a magnetoplasma-dynamic (MPD) thruster. The VCR is a liquid-vapor core reactor concept operating with metallic uranium or uranium tetrafluoride (UF{sub 4}) vapor as the fissioning fuel and alkali metals or their fluorides as working fluid in a closed Rankine cycle with MHD energy conversion. Gaseous and liquid-vapor core reactors can potentially provide the highest reactor and cycle temperature among all existing or proposed fission reactor designs. This unique feature makes this reactor concept a very natural and attractive candidate for very high power (10 to 1000 MWe) and low specific mass (0.4 to 5 kg/kWe) nuclear electric propulsion (NEP) applications since the MHD output could be coupled with minimal power conditioning to MPD thrusters or other types of thruster for producing thrust at very high specific impulse (I{sub sp} 1500 to 10,000 s). The exceptional specific mass performance of an optimized VCRMHD- NEP system could lead to a dramatic reduction in the cost and duration of manned or robotic interplanetary as well as interstellar missions. The VCR-MHD-NEP system could enable very efficient Mars cargo transfers or short (<8 month) Mars round trips with less initial mass in low Earth orbit (IMLEO). The system could also enable highly efficient lunar cargo transfer and rapid missions to other destinations throughout the solar system. (authors)

  13. Negative specific heat in a thermodynamic model of multifragmentation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    C. B. Das; S. Das Gupta; A. Z. Mekjiani

    2003-05-02

    We consider a soluble model of multifragmentation which is similar in spirit to many models which have been used to fit intermediate energy heavy ion collision data. In this model $c_v$ is always positive but for finite nuclei $c_p$ can be negative for some temperatures and pressures. Furthermore, negative values of $c_p$ can be obtained in canonical treatment. One does not need to use the microcanonical ensemble. Negative values for $c_p$ can persist for systems as large as 200 paticles but this depends upon parameters used in the model calculation. As expected, negative specific heats are absent in the thermodynamic limit.

  14. Hessian matrix, specific heats, Nambu brackets, and thermodynamic geometry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seyed Ali Hosseini Mansoori; Behrouz Mirza; Mohamadreza Fazel

    2015-05-06

    As an extension to our earlier work \\cite{Mirza2}, we employ the Nambu brackets to prove that the divergences of heat capacities correspond to their counterparts in thermodynamic geometry. We also obtain a simple representation for the conformal transformations that connect different thermodynamics metrics to each other. Using our bracket approach, we obtain interesting exact relations between the Hessian matrix with any number of parameters and specific heat capacities. Finally, we employ this approach to investigate some thermodynamic properties of the Meyers-Perry black holes with three spins.

  15. Anomalous specific heat in ultradegenerate QED and QCD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Gerhold; A. Ipp; A. Rebhan

    2004-08-31

    We discuss the origin of the anomalous $T\\ln T^{-1}$ behavior of the low-temperature entropy and specific heat in ultradegenerate QED and QCD and report on a recent calculation which is complete to leading order in the coupling and which contains an infinite series of anomalous terms involving also fractional powers in $T$. This result involves dynamical hard-dense-loop resummation and interpolates between Debye screening effects at larger temperatures and non-Fermi-liquid behavior from only dynamically screened magnetic fields at low temperature.

  16. Anomalous specific heat in high-density QED and QCD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Ipp; A. Gerhold; A. Rebhan

    2003-09-22

    Long-range quasi-static gauge-boson interactions lead to anomalous (non-Fermi-liquid) behavior of the specific heat in the low-temperature limit of an electron or quark gas with a leading $T\\ln T^{-1}$ term. We obtain perturbative results beyond the leading log approximation and find that dynamical screening gives rise to a low-temperature series involving also anomalous fractional powers $T^{(3+2n)/3}$. We determine their coefficients in perturbation theory up to and including order $T^{7/3}$ and compare with exact numerical results obtained in the large-$N_f$ limit of QED and QCD.

  17. Entropy and specific heat for open systems in steady states

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    X. L. Huang; B. Cui; X. X. Yi

    2010-01-27

    The fundamental assumption of statistical mechanics is that the system is equally likely in any of the accessible microstates. Based on this assumption, the Boltzmann distribution is derived and the full theory of statistical thermodynamics can be built. In this paper, we show that the Boltzmann distribution in general can not describe the steady state of open system. Based on the effective Hamiltonian approach, we calculate the specific heat, the free energy and the entropy for an open system in steady states. Examples are illustrated and discussed.

  18. Specific heat amplitude ratios for anisotropic Lifshitz critical behaviors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marcelo M. Leite

    2003-04-03

    We determine the specific heat amplitude ratio near a $m$-axial Lifshitz point and show its universal character. Using a recent renormalization group picture along with new field-theoretical $\\epsilon_{L}$-expansion techniques, we established this amplitude ratio at one-loop order. We estimate the numerical value of this amplitude ratio for $m=1$ and $d=3$. The result is in very good agreement with its experimental measurement on the magnetic material $MnP$. It is shown that in the limit $m \\to 0$ it trivially reduces to the Ising-like amplitude ratio.

  19. Dose homogeneity specification for reference dosimetry of nonstandard fields

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chung, Eunah; Soisson, Emilie; Seuntjens, Jan [Medical Physics Unit, McGill University, Montreal General Hospital (L5-113), 1650 Cedar Avenue, Montreal, Quebec H3G 1A4 (Canada); Medical Physics Unit, McGill University and Department of Medical Physics, McGill University Health Centre, Montreal General Hospital (L5-113), 1650 Cedar Avenue, Montreal, Quebec H3G 1A4 (Canada); Medical Physics Unit, McGill University, Montreal General Hospital (L5-113), 1650 Cedar Avenue, Montreal, Quebec H3G 1A4 (Canada)

    2012-01-15

    Purpose: To investigate the sensitivity of the plan-class specific correction factor to dose distributions in composite nonstandard field dosimetry. Methods: A cylindrical water-filled PMMA phantom was constructed at the center of which reference absorbed dose could be measured. Ten different TomoTherapy-based IMRT fields were created on the CT images of the phantom. The dose distribution for each IMRT field was estimated at the position of a radiation detector or ionization chamber. The dose in each IMRT field normalized to that in a reference 10 x 10 cm{sup 2} field was measured using a PTW micro liquid ion chamber. Based on the new dosimetry formalism, a plan-class specific correction factor k{sub Q{sub p{sub c{sub s{sub r,Q}{sup f{sub p}{sub c}{sub s}{sub r},f{sub r}{sub e}{sub f}}}}}} for each field was measured for two Farmer-type chambers, Exradin A12 and NE2571, as well as for a smaller Exradin A1SL chamber. The dependence of the measured correction factor on parameters characterizing dose distribution was analyzed. Results: Uncertainty on the plan-class specific correction factor measurement was in the range of 0.3%-0.5% and 0.3%-0.8% for the Farmer-type chambers and the Exradin A1SL, respectively. When the heterogeneity of the central region of the target volume was less than 5%, the correction factor did not differ from unity by more than 0.7% for the three air-filled ionization chambers. For more heterogeneous dose deliveries, the correction factor differed from unity by up to 2.4% for the Farmer-type chambers. For the Exradin A1SL, the correction factor was closer to unity due to the reduced effect of dose gradients, while it was highly variable in different IMRT fields because of a more significant impact of positioning uncertainties on the response of this chamber. Conclusions: The authors have shown that a plan-class specific correction factor can be specified as a function of plan evaluation parameters especially for Farmer-type chambers. This work provides a recipe based on quantifying dose distribution to accurately select air-filled ionization chamber correction factors for nonstandard fields.

  20. Standard specification for nuclear-grade aluminum oxide pellets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    American Society for Testing and Materials. Philadelphia

    2008-01-01

    1.1 This specification applies to pellets of aluminum oxide that may be ultimately used in a reactor core, for example, as filler or spacers within fuel, burnable poison, or control rods. In order to distinguish between the subject pellets and “burnable poison” pellets, it is established that the subject pellets are not intended to be used as neutron-absorbing material. 1.2 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard.