Sample records for migratory bird treaty

  1. Wind energy and the Migratory Bird Treaty Act

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schmidt, P.R. [Fish and Wildlife Service, Washington, DC (United States)

    1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The Fish and Wildlife Service (Service) is charged to balance its support for clean, renewable energy such as windpower with its trust responsibilities under the Migratory Bird Treaty Act (MBTA). There are four international treaties implemented by the MBTA protecting 850 species of migratory birds. The Service is focused on managing healthy populations but must protect individuals by law. An activity cannot legally {open_quotes}take{close_quotes} one migratory bird except as provided by a hunting season or a permit. The Service does not have the authority to issue a permit to {open_quotes}take{close_quotes} a bird incidental to an otherwise legal activity. Scientific permits or special purpose permits may be appropriate. Development of incidental take regulations are being considered. More research is needed, but this should prevent some management actions. The Service will continue to work with the industry to develop broad guidelines to minimize avian mortality.

  2. Migratory Birds

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    during the breeding season Exposure of birds to contaminants, particularly in ponded or wetland environments Under the auspices of the Migratory Bird Treaty Act of 1918, LANL...

  3. Migratory Bird Treaty Act | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOfRose BendMiasole Inc JumpMicroPlanet Name: MidwestTreaty Act Jump to:

  4. Migratory Birds

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville PowerCherries 82981-1cnHighandSWPA / SPRA / USACE625Data ShowC -9MicrowaveFuel EthanolMigratory

  5. SUBCHAPTER II„MIGRATORY BIRD TREATY

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilAElectronic Input Options Gary L. Hirsch SNLMay 2010 National Nuclear703-712

  6. Migratory Birds | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOfRose BendMiasole Inc JumpMicroPlanet Name: MidwestTreaty Act Jump

  7. BLM-USFWS Migratory Bird MOU | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty EditCalifornia: EnergyAvignon, France: Energy ResourcesBurleyBLMUSFWS Migratory Bird

  8. Investigations of migratory birds during operation of Horns rev offshore wind

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Investigations of migratory birds during operation of Horns rev offshore wind farm: Preliminary analyses of bird studies conducted during spring 2004 in relation to the offshore wind farm at Horns Rev of the Horns Rev offshore wind farm - preliminary note on the issue of potential habitat loss. Christensen, T

  9. HENOTYPIC FLEXIBILITY IN THE digestive system of migratory birds is critically important in allowing birds to successfully overcome the phys-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mladenoff, David

    67 6 P HENOTYPIC FLEXIBILITY IN THE digestive system of migratory birds is critically important food energy and nutrients and thereby slows the pace of migration. Lack of certain digestive enzymes can directly limit diet choice and utilization of foods that require such enzymes for digestion

  10. Adaptive Management of Migratory Birds Under Sea Level Rise Samuel Nicol

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Adaptive Management of Migratory Birds Under Sea Level Rise Samuel Nicol CSIRO Ecosystem Sciences the East Asian-Australasian flyway given uncertainty about the rate of sea level rise. The non-Australasian (EAA) fly- way given uncertainty about the rate of sea level rise and its effect on shorebird

  11. Climate change and fitness components of a migratory bird breeding in the Mediterranean region

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Potti, Jaime

    Climate change and fitness components of a migratory bird breeding in the Mediterranean region J U of their range. Keywords: climate change, daily energy expenditure, Ficedula hypoleuca, Mediterranean region components of pied flycatchers are suffering from climate change in two of the southernmost European breeding

  12. File:DOE-USFWS Migratory Bird MOU.pdf | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  13. GAL.BLAYDES-FIRESTONE.DOC 11/19/2008 2:01 PM WIND POWER, WILDLIFE, AND THE MIGRATORY BIRD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Firestone, Jeremy

    GAL.BLAYDES-FIRESTONE.DOC 11/19/2008 2:01 PM [1167] WIND POWER, WILDLIFE, AND THE MIGRATORY BIRD by discussing the rapid domestic growth of wind power and the implications for turbine-related avian and bat impacts, and then examine other anthropogenic sources of avian mortality. Next, we provide a broad

  14. Title 16 USC 703 Migratory Bird Treaty Act of 1918 | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:Ezfeedflag JumpID-f <MaintainedInformationThePty Ltd Jump

  15. Perennial Agroenergy Feedstocks as En Route Habitat for Spring Migratory Birds

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Landis, Doug

    to evaluate the ability of two candidate second-generation agroenergy feed- stocks (switchgrass, Panicum- generation agroenergy feedstocks may provide suitable hab- itat. We take a multi-scaled spatial approach. Keywords Biofuels . Agriculture . Grassland birds . Habitat selection . Agroecology . Switchgrass

  16. EM Sites Honored for Bird Protection Practices

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    WASHINGTON, D.C. – A federal council recently recognized two EM sites for efforts to protect migratory birds.

  17. Bibliography of Environmental Treaties

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gieg, Lisa

    ......................................................................................... 40 Treaties which Directly Impede Oil & Gas Production............................................................................................................................ 82 Treaties which May Impact Oil & Gas Production. Another sector which is impacted by environmental treaties is the oil and gas industries, which

  18. Columbia River Treaty

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    it flows from British Columbia into the U.S. The Treaty has provided substantial flood control and power generation benefits to both nations. The Treaty established Canadian and...

  19. Bird Mortaility at the Altamont Pass Wind Resource Area: March 1998--September 2001

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Smallwood, K. S.; Thelander, C. G.

    2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Over the past 15 years, research has shown that wind turbines in the Altamont Pass Wind Resource Area (APWRA) kill many birds, including raptors, which are protected by the Migratory Bird Treaty Act (MBTA), the Bald and Golden Eagle Protection Act, and/or state and federal Endangered Species Acts. Early research in the APWRA on avian mortality mainly attempted to identify the extent of the problem. In 1998, however, the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) initiated research to address the causal relationships between wind turbines and bird mortality. NREL funded a project by BioResource Consultants to perform this research directed at identifying and addressing the causes of mortality of various bird species from wind turbines in the APWRA.With 580 megawatts (MW) of installed wind turbine generating capacity in the APWRA, wind turbines there provide up to 1 billion kilowatt-hours (kWh) of emissions-free electricity annually. By identifying and implementing new methods and technologies to reduce or resolve bird mortality in the APWRA, power producers may be able to increase wind turbine electricity production at the site and apply similar mortality-reduction methods at other sites around the state and country.

  20. Reservations to human rights treaties 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCall-Smith, Kasey Lowe

    2012-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis examines the default application of the 1969 Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties reservation rules to reservations to human rights treaties. The contemporary practice of formulating reservations allows ...

  1. Council for the Conservation of Migratory Birds

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

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  2. Migratory Bird Program Website | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOfRose BendMiasole Inc JumpMicroPlanet Name: Midwest

  3. Migratory Bird Conservation | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy China 2015of 2005 atthe DistrictIndependentDepartment4.doc Table7-11.docStandards

  4. Assessing Migratory Double Breeding Through Complementary Specimen Densities and Breeding Records

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rohwer, Sievert; Rohwer, Vanya G.; Peterson, A. Townsend; Navarro-Sigü enza, Adolfo G.; English, Philina

    2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We re-evaluate the plausibility that five species of birds that breed in late summer in northwestern Mexico are migratory double breeders that first bred earlier in the same season to the north. We use data aggregated from ...

  5. Digestive Response to Restricted Feeding in Migratory Yellow-Rumped Warblers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mladenoff, David

    314 Digestive Response to Restricted Feeding in Migratory Yellow-Rumped Warblers Kelly A. Lee1 to the idea that digestive physiology limits refueling rates in migrating birds. We tested the digestive restricted birds were able to feed and digest at a high rate immediately following return to ad lib. feeding

  6. MEMORANDUM OF UNDERSTANDING

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Marine Mammal Protection Act (MMPA), National Marine Sanctuaries Act (NMSA), FPA, the Fish and Wildlife Coordination Act, Migratory Bird Treaty Act, the National Environmental...

  7. treaties

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilAElectronic Input Options Gary L. HirschOccurrencei-rapter | ¡ ¢ £ports

  8. CALIFORNIA GUIDELINES FOR REDUCING IMPACTS TO BIRDS AND BATS FROM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Treaty Act, rotorswept area, wind energy, wind siting guidelines, wind turbines. #12; #12; i Guidelines for Reducing Impacts to Birds and Bats from Wind Energy Development. Commission Final Report or repowering of wind energy projects in California. They include recommendations on preliminary screening

  9. EO 13186: Responsibilities of Federal Agencies To Protect Migratory Birds

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny:RevisedAdvisory Board Contributions EMEM STAR CertifiedRed LionDepartment183EO3853

  10. A Conservation Blueprint for Neotropical Migratory Birds in Western Colorado

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    drilled, with predicted significant expansions of future oil and gas development in the near future. The overall best conservation portfolio derived in SPOT was divided into four conservation strategies based" areas, and are unlikely to receive much active attention from practical conservation efforts. #12

  11. DOE-USFWS Migratory Bird MOU | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty EditCalifornia:PowerCER.pngRoofs andCrops Ltd Jump to: navigation,contest116 Jump

  12. Bird guard

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Fairchild, Dana M. (Armour, SD)

    2010-03-02T23:59:59.000Z

    The bird guard provides a device to protect electrical insulators comprising a central shaft; a clamp attached to an end of the shaft to secure the device to a transmission tower; a top and bottom cover to shield transmission tower insulators; and bearings to allow the guard to rotate in order to frighten birds away from the insulators.

  13. Columbia River Treaty Review #2 - April 2009.indd

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    compared. When the Treaty was negotiated, its goals were to provide signifi cant fl ood control and power generation benefi ts to both countries. However, the Treaty contains two...

  14. Verifying the INF and START treaties

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ifft, Edward [School of Foreign Service, Georgetown University, Washington, DC 20057 (United States)

    2014-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

    The INF and START Treaties form the basis for constraints on nuclear weapons. Their verification provisions are one of the great success stories of modern arms control and will be an important part of the foundation upon which the verification regime for further constraints on nuclear weapons will be constructed.

  15. Flaws in the Non-Proliferation Treaty

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Leventhal, P.

    1985-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The current review conference must come to grips with serious weaknesses in the Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT), especially regarding the spread of weapons-grade material and the continuing superpower arms race. One-third of the world's nations, including two of the original nuclear-weapons states (France and China), have not signed the NPT, and some countries are trying to buy nuclear weaponry without developing a domestic capability. The greatest danger is latent proliferation through the acquisition of materials and capabilities for peaceful power and research programs. The author recommends modifying the NPT to restrict nuclear trade, improve International Atomic Energy Agency inspections and audits, expand safeguards coverage to nonparties of the Treaty, and set minimum standards for guarding international shipments.

  16. Columbia River Treaty 2014/2024 Review • Phase 1 Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    none,

    2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Under the Columbia River Treaty (Treaty or CRT) of 1964, Canada and the United States (U.S.) jointly regulate and manage the Columbia River as it flows from British Columbia into the U.S. The Treaty has provided substantial flood control and power generation benefits to both nations. The Treaty established Canadian and U.S. Entities as implementing agents for each government. British Columbia Hydro and Power Authority (BC Hydro) was designated as the Canadian Entity. The Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) Administrator and the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (Corps) Division Engineer, Northwestern Division, were designated as the U.S. Entity. The Canadian and U.S. Entities are empowered by their respective governments with broad discretion to implement the existing Columbia River Treaty. They are not, however, authorized to terminate, renegotiate, or otherwise modify the Treaty. In the U.S., authority over international treaties rests with the President, assisted in foreign relations and international negotiations by the Department of State and subject in certain cases to the advice and consent of the U.S. Senate. In Canada, international treaties are within the prerogative of the executive branch of the federal government. Under current policy, treaties are tabled in the House of Commons, and are subject to a waiting period before the executive branch brings the treaty into effect. In the case of the Columbia River Treaty, Canada has assigned certain rights and obligations relating to the Treaty to British Columbia pursuant to the Canada-B.C. Agreement. The Phase 1 report is provided to those respective governmental bodies to support possible independent and/or joint decisions that may be made with respect to the future of the Treaty. The Treaty contains two important provisions that take effect on and after September 16, 2024, that could impact the current power and flood control benefits: 1. Canadian flood control obligations automatically change from a pre-determined annual operation to a “Called Upon” operation. 2. The year 2024 is the earliest date that either Canada or the U.S. can terminate most of the provisions of the Treaty, with a minimum 10-years advance written notice. Hence, September 16, 2014, is the latest date that either nation could provide notice of intent to terminate and still have the termination effective at its earliest possible date in 2024. While termination would end most Treaty obligations, Called Upon flood control and Libby coordination provisions will continue regardless of termination. However, it is important to note that the Treaty has no end date and absent either country using the termination option will continue indefinitely.

  17. Supporting the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Bowyer, Ted

    2014-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

    PNNL operates the only certified laboratory in the U.S. for the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty's International Monitoring System (IMS).

  18. Supporting the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bowyer, Ted

    2014-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

    PNNL operates the only certified laboratory in the U.S. for the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty's International Monitoring System (IMS).

  19. Bird Habitats

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office511041clothAdvanced Materials Advanced Materials Find Find MoreTechnicalBiomimeticSupportingPanel toBird

  20. Fission Product Ratios as Treaty Monitoring Discriminants

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Miley, Harry S.; Bowyer, Ted W.; Greenwood, Lawrence R.; Arthur, Richard J.

    2008-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The International Monitoring System (IMS) of the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty Organization (CTBTO) is currently under construction. The IMS is intended for monitoring of nuclear explosions. The radionuclide branch of the IMS monitors the atmosphere for short-lived radioisotopes indicative of a nuclear weapon test, and includes field collection and measurement stations, as well as laboratories to provide reanalysis of the most important samples and a quality control function. The Pacific Northwest National Laboratory in Richland, Washington hosts the United States IMS laboratory, with the designation “RL16.” Since acute reactor containment failures and chronic reactor leakage may also produce similar isotopes, it is tempting to compute ratios of detected isotopes to determine the relevance of an event to the treaty or agreement in question. In this paper we will note several shortcomings of simple isotopic ratios: (1) fractionation of different chemical species, (2) difficulty in comparing isotopes within a single element, (3) the effect of unknown decay times. While these shortcomings will be shown in the light of an aerosol sample, several of the problems extend to xenon isotopic ratios. The result of the difficulties listed above is that considerable human expertise will be required to convert a simple mathematical ratio into a criterion which will reliably categorize an event as ‘reactor’ or ‘weapon’.

  1. The Power of Water Renegotiating the Columbia River Treaty

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . However, post-World War II, hydroelectric power was seen as a way to create new jobs and to meet growingThe Power of Water Renegotiating the Columbia River Treaty Emma S. Norman, PhD Dept. of Social to value `power' over `fish' with the signing of the Columbia River Treaty in 1964. Now, forty years later

  2. National security and the comprehensive test ban treaty

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Landauer, J.K.

    1980-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    For nearly three years now, the US, UK, and USSR have been working on the draft of a treaty that would ban all nuclear explosions (both peaceful applications and weapon tests) and institute verification and monitoring provisions to ensure compliance with the treaty. The status of the draft treaty is summarized. The question, Is a CTBT really in the interest of US national security. is analyzed with arguments used by both proponents and opponents of the CTBT. It is concluded that there are arguments both for and against a CTBT, but, for those whose approach to national security can be expressed as peace through preparedness, the arguments against a CTBT appear persuasive. (LCL)

  3. Understanding correlation coefficients in treaty verification. Revised

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    DeVolpi, A.

    1993-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    When a pair of images is compared on a point-by-point basis, the linear-correlation coefficient is usually used as a measure of similarity or dissimilarity. This report evaluates the theoretical underpinnings and limitations of the linear-correlation coefficient, as well as other related statistics, particularly for cases where inherent white noise is present. As a result of the limitations in linear-correlation, an additional step has been derived -- local-sum clustering -- in order to improve recognition of small dissimilarities in a pair of otherwise identical images. Results show an optimal three-stage procedure: first, establish congruence of the two images; second, use the linear-correlation coefficient as a test of true negatives; and, third, qualify a true positive by using the cluster (local-sum) method. These three algorithmic stages would be especially useful in application to arms control treaty verification, particularly for comparison of unique identifiers (tags or seals). This is illustrated by comparing scanning-electron microscope topographical images for an intrinsic-surface tag.

  4. Breeding bird populations and habitat associations within the Savannah River Site (SRS).

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gauthreaux, Sidney, A.; Steven J. Wagner.

    2005-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

    Gauthreaux, Sidney, A., and Steven J. Wagner. 2005. Breeding bird populations and habitat associations within the Savannah River Site (SRS). Final Report. USDA Forest Service, Savannah River, Aiken, SC. 48 pp. Abstract: During the 1970's and 1980's a dramatic decline occurred in the populations of Neotropical migratory birds, species that breed in North America and winter south of the border in Central and South America and in the Caribbean. In 1991 an international initiative was mounted by U. S. governmental land management agencies, nongovernmental conservation agencies, and the academic and lay ornithological communities to understand the decline of Neotropical migratory birds in the Americas. In cooperation with the USDA Forest Service - Savannah River (FS - SR) we began 1992 a project directed to monitoring population densities of breeding birds using the Breeding Bird Census (BBC) methodology in selected habitats within the Savannah River Site SRS. In addition we related point count data on the occurrence of breeding Neotropical migrants and other bird species to the habitat data gathered by the Forest Inventory and Analysis (FIA) program of the USDA Forest Service and data on habitat treatments within forest stands.

  5. atlantic highly migratory: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Environmental Sciences and Ecology Websites Summary: INTRODUCTION Oceanic pelagic fish are highly migratory spe- cies that include swordfish, bluefin tuna, yellow- fin tuna,...

  6. The impact of wind turbines on birds in upstate New York

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cooper, B.A. [ABR, Inc., Forest Grove, OR (United States); Johnson, C.B. [ABR, Inc., Fairbanks, AK (United States)

    1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    During spring and fall 1995, ABR, Inc., an environmental research firm, used radar and visual techniques to study bird migration near proposed and existing wind-turbine sites in upstate New York for Niagara Mohawk Power Corporation. The primary goal of the study was to evaluate the possible impacts of wind turbines and meteorological towers on local and migratory birds during the spring and fall migration periods. Here we primarily report on data collected from the existing wind-turbine site at Copenhagen. In addition to visual observations of diurnal movements of birds, two radars were used for observations of migrating birds at night. The surveillance radar provided information on nocturnal migration rates, flight directions, and flight behavior. The vertical radar provided information on flight altitudes.

  7. Gamma-Ray Bursts Nuclear Test Ban Treaty, 1963

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harrison, Thomas

    Lecture 18 Gamma-Ray Bursts #12;Nuclear Test Ban Treaty, 1963 First Vela satellite pair launched and their predecessors, Vela 4, discovered the first gamma-ray bursts. The discovery was announced by Klebesadel, Strong, and Olson (ApJ, 182, 85) in 1973. #12;First Gamma-Ray Burst The Vela 5 satellites functioned from July, 1969

  8. The Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty and the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty, the relationship

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Graham, Thomas Jr. [7609 Glenbrook Rd., Bethesda, MD 20814 (United States)

    2014-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

    The Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) is the most important international security arrangement that we have that is protecting the world community and this has been true for many years. But it did not happen by accident, it is a strategic bargain in which 184 states gave up the right forever to acquire the most powerful weapon ever created in exchange for a commitment from the five states allowed to keep nuclear weapons under the NPT (U.S., U.K., Russia, France and China), to share peaceful nuclear technology and to engage in disarmament negotiations aimed at the ultimate elimination of their nuclear stockpiles. The most important part of this is the comprehensive nuclear test ban (CTBT); the thinking by the 184 NPT non-nuclear weapon states was and is that they understand that the elimination of nuclear weapon stockpiles is a long way off, but at least the NPT nuclear weapon states could stop testing the weapons. The CTBT has been ratified by 161 states but by its terms it can only come into force if 44 nuclear potential states ratify; 36 have of the 44 have ratified it, the remaining eight include the United States and seven others, most of whom are in effect waiting for the United States. No state has tested a nuclear weapon-except for complete outlier North Korea-in 15 years. There appears to be no chance that the U.S. Senate will approve the CTBT for ratification in the foreseeable future, but the NPT may not survive without it. Perhaps it is time to consider an interim measure, for the UN Security Council to declare that any future nuclear weapon test any time, anywhere is a 'threat to peace and security', in effect a violation of international law, which in today's world it clearly would be.

  9. Evolution of birds uncovered

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cai, Long

    Evolution of birds uncovered 1998 Improved treatments for Parkinson's disease 2005 Smallpox-patented sewing machine 1851 Inaugural issue of Scientific American published 1845 1950 Solar power: ways to use

  10. HumanWildlife Conflicts 3(2):251256, Fall 2009 Burrowing owl and other migratory bird

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    for a runway construction project at Edwards AFB aMBeR l. hoehn, JT3/CH2M HILL Natural Resource Department, Edwards AFB, 5 E. Popson Avenue, Edwards AFB, CA 93524, USA amber.hoehn.ctr@us.af.mil MaRk hagan, 95 Air

  11. DOE and FWS Sign New MOU on Migratory Bird Protection | Department of

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

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  12. File:BLM-USFWS Migratory Bird MOU.pdf | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are8COaBulkTransmissionSitingProcess.pdf Jump to: navigation,Size of this preview: 463 ×Apschem.pdf

  13. Department of Energy (DOE) Photos for the 2013 Migratory Bird Annual Report

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny:Revised Finding of No53197 ThisFinal Report |Denice RossAuditDepartment's09

  14. Investigating Correlated Neutrons from Pulsed Photonuclear Interrogation for Treaty Verification Applications 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stewart, Scott

    2013-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

    systems, and 2D gamma imaging technology.3 More modern efforts have again returned to singles neutron and gamma counting techniques, but have more specifically focused on adapting portal monitoring technology to fill roles in potential treaty... weapons throughout the world. This objective has been pursued through a new STrategic Arms Reduction Treaty (START) with Russia that was signed on April 8, 2010 and entered into force on February 5, 2011. The START treaty is a bilateral agreement...

  15. NNSA Administrator Presents at 2015 U.N. Non-Proliferation Treaty...

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Presents at 2015 U.N. Non-Proliferation Treaty Review Conference | National Nuclear Security Administration Facebook Twitter Youtube Flickr RSS People Mission Managing the...

  16. The Exotic & Wild Bird Aviary Schubot Exotic Bird

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The Exotic & Wild Bird Aviary Schubot Exotic Bird Health Center at the College of Veterinary into all aspects of disease in wild and captive birds. We are especially interested in the large parrot are leaders in the fields of wild parrot research and conservation, through studies of salt licks, macaw

  17. Bird orientation: compensation for wind

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thorup, Kasper

    Bird orientation: compensation for wind drift in migrating raptors is age dependent Kasper Thorup1 14.04.03 Despite the potentially strong effect of wind on bird orientation, our understanding of how wind drift affects migrating birds is still very limited. Using data from satellite-based radio

  18. Columbia River Treaty 2014/2024 Review: Phase 1 Technical Studies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    none,

    2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Since 1964, the Columbia River Treaty has provided signi?cant bene?ts to the United States and Canada through coordinated river management by the two countries. It remains the standard against which other international water coordination agreements around the world are compared. When the Treaty was negotiated, its goals were to provide signi?cant ?ood control and power generation bene?ts to both countries. However, the Treaty contains two provisions that may signi?cantly change these bene?ts as early as the year 2024. First, in 2024 the 60 years of purchased ?ood control space in Canadian Treaty projects expires. Instead of a coordinated and managed plan to regulate both Canadian and U.S. projects for ?ood control, the Treaty calls for a shift to a Canadian operation under which the United States can call upon Canada for ?ood control assistance. The United States can request this “called upon” assistance as needed but only to the extent necessary to meet forecast ?ood control needs in the United States that cannot adequately be met by U.S. projects. When called upon is requested, the United States will then have to pay Canada for its operational costs and any economic losses resulting from the called upon ?ood control operation. Second, while the Treaty has no speci?ed end date, it does allow either Canada or the United States the option to terminate most of the provisions of the Treaty on or after Sept. 16, 2024, with a minimum of 10 years advance written notice. Thus, the year 2024 is the ?rst year a notice of termination would take effect assuming written notice of termination is given by the Canadian or U.S. governments by 2014. Unless the Treaty is terminated or the federal governments elect to modify the Treaty, its provisions continue inde?nitely, except for the changes in ?ood control discussed above. Given the signi?cance of both of these provisions, it is important that the parties to the Treaty understand the implications for post-2024 Treaty planning and Columbia River operations. The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers and the Bonneville Power Administration, the agencies that implement the Treaty in the United States on behalf of the U.S. Entity (see Treaty Governance sidebar), are conducting a multi-year effort to understand these implications. This effort is called the 2014/2024 Columbia River Treaty Review.

  19. Towards a tactical nuclear weapons treaty? Is There a Role of IAEA Tools of Safeguards?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Saunders, Emily C. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Rowberry, Ariana N. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Fearey, Bryan L. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2012-07-12T23:59:59.000Z

    In recent years, there is growing interest in formal negotiations on non-strategic or tactical nuclear weapons. With the negotiations of New START, there has been much speculation that a tactical nuclear weapons treaty should be included in the follow on to New START. This paper examines the current policy environment related to tactical weapons and some of the issues surrounding the definition of tactical nuclear weapons. We then map out the steps that would need to be taken in order to begin discussions on a tactical nuclear weapons treaty. These steps will review the potential role of the IAEA in verification of a tactical nuclear weapons treaty. Specifically, does IAEA involvement in various arms control treaties serve as a useful roadmap on how to overcome some of the issues pertaining to a tactical nuclear weapons treaty?

  20. PACIFIC HIGHLY MIGR ATORY PEL AGIC FISHERIES pacific highly migratory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the Pacific Ocean, from the tropics to temperate latitudes. Many of these fishes routinely travel great highly migratory species throughout the Pacific Ocean. Some of the fleets are capable of operating across the Pacific as well as in other oceans during a single fishing season. These fleets use larger purse

  1. Competitive Non-migratory Scheduling for Flow Time and Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wong, Prudence W.H.

    @liv.ac.uk ABSTRACT Energy usage has been an important concern in recent re- search on online scheduling technology to reduce energy usage is dynamic speed scaling (see, e.g., [9, 15, 24, 28]) where the processorCompetitive Non-migratory Scheduling for Flow Time and Energy Tak-Wah Lam Department of Computer

  2. The moral implications of the subversion of the Nonproliferation Treaty regime

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Doyle, Thomas

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and controversial nuclear agreement with India that appearsnuclear attack and the USA refuse to honor its political agreement,nuclear-weapon states expectations in this regard contributes to the perception that the P5 have violated their treaty agreements.

  3. Mine seismicity and the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chiappetta, F. [Blasting Analysis International, Allentown, PA (United States); Heuze, F.; Walter, W. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States); Hopler, R. [Powderman Consulting Inc., Oxford, MD (United States); Hsu, V. [Air Force Technical Applications Center, Patrick AFB, FL (United States); Martin, B. [Thunder Basin Coal Co., Wright, WY (United States); Pearson, C. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Stump, B. [Southern Methodist Univ., Dallas, TX (United States); Zipf, K. [Univ. of New South Wales (Australia)

    1998-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

    Surface and underground mining operations generate seismic ground motions which are created by chemical explosions and ground failures. It may come as a surprise to some that the ground failures (coal bumps, first caves, pillar collapses, rockbursts, etc.) can send signals whose magnitudes are as strong or stronger than those from any mining blast. A verification system that includes seismic, infrasound, hydroacoustic and radionuclide sensors is being completed as part of the CTBT. The largest mine blasts and ground failures will be detected by this system and must be identified as distinct from signals generated by small nuclear explosions. Seismologists will analyze the seismic records and presumably should be able to separate them into earthquake-like and non earthquake-like categories, using a variety of so-called seismic discriminants. Non-earthquake essentially means explosion- or implosion-like. Such signals can be generated not only by mine blasts but also by a variety of ground failures. Because it is known that single-fired chemical explosions and nuclear explosion signals of the same yield give very similar seismic records, the non-earthquake signals will be of concern to the Treaty verification community. The magnitude of the mine-related events is in the range of seismicity created by smaller nuclear explosions or decoupled tests, which are of particular concern under the Treaty. It is conceivable that legitimate mining blasts or some mine-induced ground failures could occasionally be questioned. Information such as shot time, location and design parameters may be all that is necessary to resolve the event identity. In rare instances where the legitimate origin of the event could not be resolved by a consultation and clarification procedure, it might trigger on On-Site Inspection (OSI). Because there is uncertainty in the precise location of seismic event as determined by the International Monitoring System (IMS), the OSI can cover an area of up to 1,000 squared kilometers. In active mining districts this area could include several different mining operations. So, an OSI could be disruptive both to the mining community and to the US Government which must host the foreign inspection team. Accordingly, it is in the best interest of all US parties to try and eliminate the possible occurrence of false alarms. This can be achieved primarily by reducing the ambiguity of mine-induced seismic signals, so that even if these remain visible to the IMS they are clearly consistent with recognizable mining patterns.

  4. Columbia River Treaty History and 2014/2024 Review

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Columbia River, the fourth largest river on the continent as measured by average annual ?ow, generates more power than any other river in North America. While its headwaters originate in British Columbia, only about 15 percent of the 259,500 square miles of the Columbia River Basin is actually located in Canada. Yet the Canadian waters account for about 38 percent of the average annual volume, and up to 50 percent of the peak ?ood waters, that ?ow by The Dalles Dam on the Columbia River between Oregon and Washington. In the 1940s, of?cials from the United States and Canada began a long process to seek a joint solution to the ?ooding caused by the unregulated Columbia River and to the postwar demand for greater energy resources. That effort culminated in the Columbia River Treaty, an international agreement between Canada and the United States for the cooperative development of water resources regulation in the upper Columbia River Basin. It was signed in 1961 and implemented in 1964.

  5. A review of "Paper Sovereigns: Anglo-Native Treaties and the Law of Nations, 1604-1664" by Jeffrey Glover

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scheick, William J.

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    258 seventeenth-century news Jeffrey Glover. Paper Sovereigns: Anglo-Native Treaties and the Law of Nations, 1604-1664. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2014. ix + 312 pp. $59.95. Review by william j. scheick, university of texas... at austin. In Paper Sovereigns Jeffrey Glover necessarily acknowledges the obvious fact that settler-instigated treaties tended to work against Native American interests, often with dire consequences. Neverthe- less, Glover also finds that not all treaties...

  6. Climate change, migratory connectivity and changes in laying date and clutch size of the pied flycatcher

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laaksonen, Toni

    Climate change, migratory connectivity and changes in laying date and clutch size of the pied., Ahola, M., Eeva, T., Va¨isa¨nen, R. A. and Lehikoinen, E. 2006. Climate change, migratory connectivity Ficedula hypoleuca Pallas, and analysed whether potential changes were explained by changes in climatic

  7. If it's Broken, Don't Fix it: The Government of the Euro area in the EU "Reform Treaty"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    If it's Broken, Don't Fix it: The Government of the Euro area in the EU "Reform Treaty" N° 2007: The Government of the Euro area in the EU "Reform Treaty" Éloi Laurent OFCE (Sciences-po Center for Economic failure. This paper examines the reforms of the "economic governance" of the euro area proposed

  8. EN Official Journal of the European Communities19.4.2000 L 97/1 (Acts adopted pursuant to Title V of the Treaty on European Union)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sussex, University of

    of the Parties to the Treaty on the Non-proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (2000/297/CFSP) THE COUNCIL Conference of the Parties to the Treaty on the Non-proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (2). (4) The 1995 Review and Extension Conference of the Parties to the Treaty on the Non-proliferation of Nuclear Weapons adopted

  9. Portal and perimeter monitoring systems (PPMS) for use in verifying arms control treaty compliance

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fields, V.C. (Raytheon Service Co. (US))

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper reports that on site inspection is one important form of verification available to insure compliance with arms control treaties. On site inspection has been implemented in the Intermediate Nuclear Forces (INF) Treaty with a site at Votkinsk, USSR and is planned for use in verifying the Strategic Arms Reduction Talks (START) treaty currently in negotiation. The Raytheon Company, under contract to the Defense Nuclear Agency, is responsible for the research and development of the portal and perimeter monitoring equipment for potential verification tasks associated with future START treaties. Under DNA tasking, Raytheon has developed prototype portal and perimeter monitoring systems to satisfy short and long term monitoring requirements and has demonstrated these prototype systems at the DNA Technical On-Site Inspection (TOSI) facility at Kirtland, AFB, NM. The DNA design goals were to provide the US with a simple, modular low cost and highly reliable PPMS using available commercial off-the-shelf equipment which could be installed at potential monitoring sites with a minimum of site preparation. Testing to date indicates these design goals have been met.

  10. Top UN officials call on hold-out States to ratify treaty banning nuclear tests

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    diseases, poisoned the food chain and contaminated the water and its ecosystems; these effects are still that have not yet signed or ratified the treaty to do so as a matter of priority," he added calling in Kazakhstan, Mr. Ban recalled visiting "the scene of this dark chapter in human history," and stressed his

  11. ATTACHMENT TO FORM 8233 (For use by students of Egypt who are claiming Tax Treaty exemption).

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daly, Samantha

    ATTACHMENT TO FORM 8233 (For use by students of Egypt who are claiming Tax Treaty exemption). 1. I was a resident of Egypt on the date of my arrival in the United States. I am not a United States citizen. I have the United States and Egypt in an amount not in excess of $3000 for any taxable year. I have not previously

  12. High-Resolution Fast-Neutron Spectrometry for Arms Control and Treaty Verification

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    David L. Chichester; James T. Johnson; Edward H. Seabury

    2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Many nondestructive nuclear analysis techniques have been developed to support the measurement needs of arms control and treaty verification, including gross photon and neutron counting, low- and high-resolution gamma spectrometry, time-correlated neutron measurements, and photon and neutron imaging. One notable measurement technique that has not been extensively studied to date for these applications is high-resolution fast-neutron spectrometry (HRFNS). Applied for arms control and treaty verification, HRFNS has the potential to serve as a complimentary measurement approach to these other techniques by providing a means to either qualitatively or quantitatively determine the composition and thickness of non-nuclear materials surrounding neutron-emitting materials. The technique uses the normally-occurring neutrons present in arms control and treaty verification objects of interest as an internal source of neutrons for performing active-interrogation transmission measurements. Most low-Z nuclei of interest for arms control and treaty verification, including 9Be, 12C, 14N, and 16O, possess fast-neutron resonance features in their absorption cross sections in the 0.5- to 5-MeV energy range. Measuring the selective removal of source neutrons over this energy range, assuming for example a fission-spectrum starting distribution, may be used to estimate the stoichiometric composition of intervening materials between the neutron source and detector. At a simpler level, determination of the emitted fast-neutron spectrum may be used for fingerprinting 'known' assemblies for later use in template-matching tests. As with photon spectrometry, automated analysis of fast-neutron spectra may be performed to support decision making and reporting systems protected behind information barriers. This paper will report recent work at Idaho National Laboratory to explore the feasibility of using HRFNS for arms control and treaty verification applications, including simulations and experiments, using fission-spectrum neutron sources to assess neutron transmission through composite low-Z attenuators.

  13. Early Migratory Behavior of Northern Fur Seal (Callorhinus ursinus) Pups from Bering Island, Russia 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Olivia Astillero

    2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

    examined the early migratory behavior and habitat associations of pups from Bering Island (BI), Russia. I instrumented 35 pups with Mk10-AL satellite tags and stomach temperature telemeters which provided diving, foraging and location data. I hypothesized...

  14. Lady Bird Johnson Middle School

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scrivner, J.

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    g a te d b y r e n e w a b le s o u rc e s Lady Bird Johnson Net Zero Status 2012 Actual Operation ESL-KT-14-11-34 CATEE 2014: Clean Air Through Efficiency Conference, Dallas, Texas Nov. 18-20 22.8 19.97 59.0 53.0 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 Lady Bird... President Susan.smtih@corgan.com ESL-KT-14-11-34 CATEE 2014: Clean Air Through Efficiency Conference, Dallas, Texas Nov. 18-20 Relevant Quotes “I’d put my money on the sun and solar energy. What a source of power! I hope we don...

  15. Toward US-Russian strategic defense: Ban the ABM Treaty now

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Savelyev, A.

    1992-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

    Boris Yeltsin and George Bush agreed on June 17 to develop and deploy a jointly controlled global protection system against ballistic missile strikes. Three teams of Russian and American experts now are studying the Bush-Yeltsin idea, called the Joint Defense Program (JDP). The drive to develop a U.S.-Russian defense system, however, faces a formidable obstacle-the 1972 Anti-Ballistic Missile (ABM) Treaty, which prohibits not only the deployment of territorial defenses against strategic missiles but the creation of an infrastructure (or `base`) for such a defense. If America and Russia hope to build a common defense against ballistic missiles, they first will have to remove ABM Treaty obstacles to expanded U.S.-Russian cooperation and missile defense.

  16. Policy issues facing the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty and prospects for the future

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sweeney, J.

    1999-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report is divided into the following 5 sections: (1) Background; (2) Major Issues Facing Ratification of CTBT; (3) Current Status on CTBT Ratification; (4) Status of CTBT Signatories and Ratifiers; and (5) CTBT Activities Not Prohibited. The major issues facing ratification of CTBT discussed here are: impact on CTBT of START II and ABM ratification; impact of India and Pakistan nuclear tests; CTBT entry into force; and establishment of the Comprehensive Nuclear Test-Ban Treaty Organization.

  17. Criteria for monitoring a chemical arms treaty: Implications for the verification regime

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mullen, M.F.; Apt, K.E.; Stanbro, W.D.

    1991-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The multinational Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) being negotiated at the Conference on Disarmament in Geneva is viewed by many as an effective way to rid the world of the threat of chemical weapons. Parties could, however, legitimately engage in certain CW-related activities in industry, agriculture, research, medicine, and law enforcement. Treaty verification requirements related to declared activities include: confirming destruction of declared CW stockpiles and production facilities; monitoring legitimate, treaty-allowed activities, such as production of certain industrial chemicals; and, detecting proscribed activities within the declared locations of treaty signatories, e.g., the illegal production of CW agents at a declared industrial facility or the diversion or substitution of declared CW stockpile items. Verification requirements related to undeclared activities or locations include investigating possible clandestine CW stocks and production capability not originally declared by signatories; detecting clandestine, proscribed activities at facilities or sites that are not declared and hence not subject to routine inspection; and, investigating allegations of belligerent use of CW. We discuss here a possible set of criteria for assessing the effectiveness of CWC verification (and certain aspects of the bilateral CW reduction agreement). Although the criteria are applicable to the full range of verification requirements, the discussion emphasizes verification of declared activities and sites.

  18. Criteria for monitoring a chemical arms treaty: Implications for the verification regime. Report No. 13

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mullen, M.F.; Apt, K.E.; Stanbro, W.D.

    1991-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The multinational Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) being negotiated at the Conference on Disarmament in Geneva is viewed by many as an effective way to rid the world of the threat of chemical weapons. Parties could, however, legitimately engage in certain CW-related activities in industry, agriculture, research, medicine, and law enforcement. Treaty verification requirements related to declared activities include: confirming destruction of declared CW stockpiles and production facilities; monitoring legitimate, treaty-allowed activities, such as production of certain industrial chemicals; and, detecting proscribed activities within the declared locations of treaty signatories, e.g., the illegal production of CW agents at a declared industrial facility or the diversion or substitution of declared CW stockpile items. Verification requirements related to undeclared activities or locations include investigating possible clandestine CW stocks and production capability not originally declared by signatories; detecting clandestine, proscribed activities at facilities or sites that are not declared and hence not subject to routine inspection; and, investigating allegations of belligerent use of CW. We discuss here a possible set of criteria for assessing the effectiveness of CWC verification (and certain aspects of the bilateral CW reduction agreement). Although the criteria are applicable to the full range of verification requirements, the discussion emphasizes verification of declared activities and sites.

  19. LADY BIRD JOHNSON MIDDLE SCHOOL IRVING, TX

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    #12;#12;#12;LADY BIRD JOHNSON MIDDLE SCHOOL IRVING, TX 2012 CAUDILL AWARD WINNER The 1st NET ZERO public school in Texas The 1st NET ZERO middle school in the United States The LARGEST NET ZERO school displays building performance and NET ZERO efficiency. #12;LADY BIRD JOHNSON MIDDLE SCHOOL IRVING, TX

  20. A Guide to the Birds of Colombia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Landweber, Laura

    A Guide to the Birds of Colombia Steven L. Hilty and William L. Brown Colombiaisperhapsthe world yet to be surpassed by any field guide to any region. A Guide to the Birds of Colombia treats close had begun research in Colombia in the 1960s, while Hilty's bril- liant field skills were first brought

  1. Monitoring bat and bird fatalities at the Casselman Wind Energy...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Monitoring bat and bird fatalities at the Casselman Wind Energy Center in Pennsylvania Monitoring bat and bird fatalities at the Casselman Wind Energy Center in Pennsylvania...

  2. Wind Turbine Interactions with Birds, Bats, and their Habitats...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Birds, Bats, and their Habitats: A Summary of Research Results and Priority Questions Wind Turbine Interactions with Birds, Bats, and their Habitats: A Summary of Research...

  3. Annual Report of the Columbia River Treaty, Canadian and United States Entities, October 1, 1995--September 30, 1996.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Columbia River Treaty Operating Committee; B.C. Hydro; United States. Bonneville Power Administration

    1996-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Agreements approved by the Entities during the period of this report include: (1) Columbia River Treaty Entity Agreement on the Detailed Operating Plan for Columbia River Storage for 1 August 1995 through 31 July 1996, signed 31 January 1996. (2) Columbia River Treaty Entity Agreement on the Detailed Operating Plan for Columbia River Storage for 1 August 1996 through 31 July 1997, signed 29 August 1996. (3) Columbia River Treaty Entity Agreement on Resolving the Dispute on Critical Period Determination, the Capacity Entitlement for the 1998/99, 1999/00, and 2000/01 AOP/DDPB`s, and Operating Procedures for the 2001/02 and Future AOP`s, signed 29 August 1996.

  4. treaty verification

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA Approved:AdministrationAnalysisDarby Dietrich57/%2A0/%2A1/%2Atreaties |8/%2A

  5. Sandia technology. Volume 13, number 2 Special issue : verification of arms control treaties.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1989-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Nuclear deterrence, a cornerstone of US national security policy, has helped prevent global conflict for over 40 years. The DOE and DoD share responsibility for this vital part of national security. The US will continue to rely on nuclear deterrence for the foreseeable future. In the late 1950s, Sandia developed satellite-borne nuclear burst detection systems to support the treaty banning atmospheric nuclear tests. This activity has continued to expand and diversify. When the Non-Proliferation Treaty was ratified in 1970, we began to develop technologies to protect nuclear materials from falling into unauthorized hands. This program grew and now includes systems for monitoring the movement and storage of nuclear materials, detecting tampering, and transmiting sensitive data securely. In the late 1970s, negotiations to further limit underground nuclear testing were being actively pursued. In less than 18 months, we fielded the National Seismic Station, an unattended observatory for in-country monitoring of nuclear tests. In the mid-l980s, arms-control interest shifted to facility monitoring and on-site inspection. Our Technical On-site Inspection Facility is the national test bed for perimeter and portal monitoring technology and the prototype for the inspection portal that was recently installed in the USSR under the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces accord. The articles in the special issue of Sundiu Technology describe some of our current contributions to verification technology. This work supports the US policy to seek realistic arms control agreements while maintaining our national security.

  6. DOMINICA'S PARTICIPATION IN CARIBBEAN ENDEMIC BIRDS FESTIVAL, 2011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 REPORT ON DOMINICA'S PARTICIPATION IN THE 10TH CARIBBEAN ENDEMIC BIRDS FESTIVAL, 2011 Prepared - - - - - - 10 (c) Sea Birds Boat Trip - - - - - - 11 Caribbean Water Birds Identification Workshop - - - 13 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------- INTRODUCTION & SUMMARY In 2002, the Society for the Conservation and Study of Caribbean Birds (SCSCB

  7. MIGRATORY POLICY IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES: HOW TO BRING BEST PEOPLE BACK?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 MIGRATORY POLICY IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES: HOW TO BRING BEST PEOPLE BACK? Damien Besancenot1 of the game, the more bad workers migrate, the higher the incentive for good workers to come back. Policy, many policymakers are upset about the "brain-drain" phenomenon, where skilled workers are attracted

  8. FLUSSI MIGRATORI: GEOGRAFIA, STORIA, PROCESSI CULTURALIE SOCIALI IN URUGUAY TRA XIX E XX Renato MANSI

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    FLUSSI MIGRATORI: GEOGRAFIA, STORIA, PROCESSI CULTURALIE SOCIALI IN URUGUAY TRA XIX E XX SECOLO condiciones primarias indispensables para modernizar esta área e incorporarla al mundo civil. Uruguay nace en nace la identidad uruguaya. El tema de la historia de la poblacion de Uruguay no ha sido afrontado con

  9. (Acts adopted under Title V of the Treaty on European Union) COUNCIL COMMON POSITION 2005/329/PESC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sussex, University of

    element in the further deve- lopment of nuclear energy applications for peaceful purposes. (2) On 17 adopted Common Position 2000/297/CFSP relating to the 2000 Review Conference of the Parties to the Treaty to the Verification Agreement between the Non-Nuclear-Weapon States of the European Atomic Energy Community (EURATOM

  10. (Acts adopted pursuant to Title V of the Treaty on European Union) COUNCIL COMMON POSITION 2003/805/CFSP

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sussex, University of

    (Acts adopted pursuant to Title V of the Treaty on European Union) COUNCIL COMMON POSITION 2003 that terrorists will acquire chemical, biological, radiological or nuclear materials adds a new dimension would serve as a yardstick in the negotiations of EU positions in international forums

  11. MEASURING IMPACTS TO BIRDS CAUSED BY WIND TURBINES MEASURING IMPACTS TO BIRDS CAUSED BY WIND TURBINES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    within and among wind energy generating facilities. The standard measurement of mortality currently being little meaning to those lacking experience with bird mortality at wind energy generating facilities. More and each sweeps a much larger area of the sky. We propose that bird mortality at wind energy generating

  12. Scoping study of SNM detection and indentification for adjunct on-site treaty monitoring. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Murray, W.S.; Morgado, R.E.; Frankle, C.M.

    1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Following the fall of the Soviet Union, political pressure to negotiate meaningful nuclear arms agreements with Russia and the former soviet republics has increased. Anticipating the monitoring requirements of a future treaty for the decommissioning and disassembly of nuclear warheads presents opportunities to review existing monitoring technologies and to explore new methods to detect and analyze intrinsic radiation. Fully instrumented radiation-detection systems with a range of monitoring capabilities are available, but special-purpose instruments will still need to be developed to match increasing demands for high-confidence, low-intrusion monitoring in a specific scenario. As a guide to present capabilities in monitoring technologies, we have categorized their relevant attributes to detect and identify special nuclear material based on levels of confidence, intrusiveness, vulnerability, and other critical concerns. To add additional flexibility, we review emerging technologies and estimate the development time to bring them to operational status.

  13. Comprehensive test ban treaty international monitoring system security threats and proposed security attributes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Draelos, T.J.; Craft, R.L.

    1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    To monitor compliance with a Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT), a sensing network, referred to as the International Monitoring System (IMS), is being deployed. Success of the IMS depends on both its ability to preform its function and the international community`s confidence in the system. To ensure these goals, steps must be taken to secure the system against attacks that would undermine it; however, it is not clear that consensus exists with respect to the security requirements that should be levied on the IMS design. In addition, CTBT has not clearly articulated what threats it wishes to address. This paper proposes four system-level threats that should drive IMS design considerations, identifies potential threat agents, and collects into one place the security requirements that have been suggested by various elements of the IMS community. For each such requirement, issues associated with the requirement are identified and rationale for the requirement is discussed.

  14. Perceptions of Bird Watching's Negative Ecological Impacts: Stakeholder and Recreational Specialization Comparisons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reznicek, Lisa

    2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Birding, the act of observing birds in the outdoors, is a form of nature recreation and traditionally considered ecologically benign. Unfortunately, birders, in the pursuit of interactions with wild birds, can have negative impacts on birds...

  15. West Nile virus transmission in resident birds, Dominican Republic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Komar, Oliver; Robbins, Mark B.; Klenk, Kaci; Blitvich, Bradley J.; Marlenee, Nicole L.; Burkhalter, Kristen L.; Gubler, Duane J.; Gonzá lvez, Guillermo; Peñ a, Carlos J.; Peterson, A. Townsend; Komar, Nicholas

    2003-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We report West Nile virus (WNV) activity in the Dominican Republic for the first time. Specific anti-WNV antibodies were detected in 5 (15%) of 33 resident birds sampled at one location in November 2002. One seropositive bird ...

  16. Bird Communities and Biomass Yields in Potential Bioenergy Grasslands

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Turner, Monica G.

    providing bird habitat. Bioenergy grasslands promote agricultural multifunctionality and conservationBird Communities and Biomass Yields in Potential Bioenergy Grasslands Peter J. Blank1 *, David W, Wisconsin, United States of America Abstract Demand for bioenergy is increasing, but the ecological

  17. Marienne S. de Villiers Birds and Environmental Change

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Villiers, Marienne

    edited by Marienne S. de Villiers Birds and Environmental Change: building an early warning system and environmental change: building an early warning system in South Africa. SANBI, Pretoria. SANBI's Birds Africa is using long-term bird monitoring and research to build an early warning system for climate

  18. BIRD FATALITY ASSOCIATIONS AND PREDICTIVE MODELS FOR THE APWRA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    kill birds or that the type of tower or wind turbine does not relate to bird mortality (Anderson et al on wind turbines with tubular towers, and Thelander and Rugge (2001) found that mortality was no less A major step toward reducing bird fatalities at wind energy generating facilities will be to identify

  19. Radioactive fallout projections and arms control agreements: INF (Intermediate-range Nuclear Forces) and START (Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shapiro, C.S.

    1988-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Projections of levels of radioactive fallout from a nuclear war are sensitive to assumptions about the structure of the nuclear stockpiles as well as the assumed scenarios for a nuclear war. Recent arms control proposals would change these parameters. This paper examines the implications of the proposed (Intermediate-range Nuclear Forces) INF treaty and (Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty) START on fallout projections from a major nuclear war. We conclude that the INF reductions are likely to have negligible effects on estimates of global and local fallout, whereas the START reductions could result in reductions in estimates of local fallout that range from significant to dramatic, depending upon the nature of the reduced strategic forces. Should a major war occur, projections of total fatalities from direct effects of blast, thermal radiation, a nd fallout, and the phenomenon known as nuclear winter, would not be significantly affected by INF and START initiatives as now drafted. 14 refs.

  20. Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty seismic monitoring: 2012 USNAS report and recent explosions, earthquakes, and other seismic sources

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Richards, Paul G. [Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory of Columbia University, 61 Route 9W, Palisades, NY 10964 (United States)

    2014-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

    A comprehensive ban on nuclear explosive testing is briefly characterized as an arms control initiative related to the Non-Proliferation Treaty. The work of monitoring for nuclear explosions uses several technologies of which the most important is seismology-a physics discipline that draws upon extensive and ever-growing assets to monitor for earthquakes and other ground-motion phenomena as well as for explosions. This paper outlines the basic methods of seismic monitoring within that wider context, and lists web-based and other resources for learning details. It also summarizes the main conclusions, concerning capability to monitor for test-ban treaty compliance, contained in a major study published in March 2012 by the US National Academy of Sciences.

  1. REVIEW/SYNTHSE Threat display in birds

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hurd, Peter L.

    REVIEW/SYNTHÈSE Threat display in birds Peter L. Hurd and Magnus Enquist Abstract: The study of threat displays has long been an area in which theory and empirical work have each spurred the other. A great deal that classical ethologists have accurately described about threat displays still lacks

  2. Birds That Go Wild for the City

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    with it massive environmental damage, in- cluding garbage and air pollution. "Noise is a big problem, too," says with Henrik Brumm are conducting field studies and experiments in acoustic laboratories to investigate how birds adapt their singing to the environment. 1 Mathias Ritschard records birdsong in noise-polluted

  3. Machine Learning and Data Mining for Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty Monitoring

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Russell, S; Vaidya, S

    2009-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

    The Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT) is gaining renewed attention in light of growing worldwide interest in mitigating risks of nuclear weapons proliferation and testing. Since the International Monitoring System (IMS) installed the first suite of sensors in the late 1990's, the IMS network has steadily progressed, providing valuable support for event diagnostics. This progress was highlighted at the recent International Scientific Studies (ISS) Conference in Vienna in June 2009, where scientists and domain experts met with policy makers to assess the current status of the CTBT Verification System. A strategic theme within the ISS Conference centered on exploring opportunities for further enhancing the detection and localization accuracy of low magnitude events by drawing upon modern tools and techniques for machine learning and large-scale data analysis. Several promising approaches for data exploitation were presented at the Conference. These are summarized in a companion report. In this paper, we introduce essential concepts in machine learning and assess techniques which could provide both incremental and comprehensive value for event discrimination by increasing the accuracy of the final data product, refining On-Site-Inspection (OSI) conclusions, and potentially reducing the cost of future network operations.

  4. Seasonal Juvenile Salmonid Presence and Migratory Behavior in the Lower Columbia River

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Carter, Jessica A.; McMichael, Geoffrey A.; Welch, Ian D.; Harnish, Ryan A.; Bellgraph, Brian J.

    2009-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

    To facilitate preparing Biological Assessments of proposed channel maintenance projects, the Portland District of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers contracted the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory to consolidate and synthesize available information about the use of the lower Columbia River and estuary by juvenile anadromous salmonids. The information to be synthesized included existing published documents as well as data from five years (2004-2008) of acoustic telemetry studies conducted in the Columbia River estuary using the Juvenile Salmon Acoustic Telemetry System. For this synthesis, the Columbia River estuary includes the section of the Columbia River from Bonneville Dam at river kilometer (Rkm) 235 downstream to the mouth where it enters the Pacific Ocean. In this report, we summarize the seasonal salmonid presence and migration patterns in the Columbia River estuary based on information from published studies as well as relevant data from acoustic telemetry studies conducted by NOAA Fisheries and the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) between 2004 and 2008. Recent acoustic telemetry studies, conducted using the Juvenile Salmon Acoustic Telemetry System (JSATS; developed by the Portland District of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers), provided information on the migratory behavior of juvenile steelhead (O. mykiss) and Chinook salmon in the Columbia River from Bonneville Dam to the Pacific Ocean. In this report, Section 2 provides a summary of information from published literature on the seasonal presence and migratory behavior of juvenile salmonids in the Columbia River estuary and plume. Section 3 presents a detailed synthesis of juvenile Chinook salmon and steelhead migratory behavior based on use of the JSATS between 2004 and 2008. Section 4 provides a discussion of the information summarized in the report as well as information drawn from literature reviews on potential effects of channel maintenance activities to juvenile salmonids rearing in or migrating through the Columbia River estuary and plume.

  5. Oak Ridge Reservation Bird Records and Population Trends

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Roy, W Kelly [ORNL; Giffen, Neil R [ORNL; Wade, Murray [CDM Smith, Inc.; Haines, Angelina [Xcel Engineering, Inc.; Evans, James W. [TWRA; Jett, Robert Trent [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL)

    2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Bird data have been collected through surveys, environmental assessments, and other observations for decades in the Oak Ridge National Environmental Research Park, located on the US Department of Energy s Oak Ridge Reservation (ORR) in East Tennessee. Birds were recorded in a variety of habitats, including wetlands, interior forests, grasslands, ponds, corridors, forest edges, and more. Most of the information was gathered from waterfowl surveys conducted from 1990 to 2008, from Partners in Flight (PIF) breeding bird surveys conducted from 1995 to 2013, and from past publications and research on Reservation birds. We have also included our own observations and, in a few instances, credible observations of ORR birds of which we have been made aware through eBird or discussions with area ornithologists and bird watchers. For the period 1950 2014, we were able to document 228 species of birds on the ORR. Several of these species are known from historic records only, while others were not known to have ever occurred on the Reservation until recently. This report does not include PIF breeding bird data from the 2014 season or any records after July 2014. Twenty-two species approximately 10% of the total number of species observed have state-listed status in Tennessee as endangered, threatened, or in need of management. Of the 228 species we documented, 120 are believed to be breeding birds on the ORR.

  6. Oak Ridge Reservation Bird Records and Population Trends

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Roy, W. K. [ORNL; Giffen, N. R. [ORNL; Wade, M. C. [CDM Smith; Haines, A. M. [Xcel Engineering, Inc.; Evans, J. W. [TWRA; Jett, R. T. [ORNL

    2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Bird data have been collected through surveys, environmental assessments, and other observations for decades in the Oak Ridge National Environmental Research Park, located on the US Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge Reservation (ORR) in East Tennessee. Birds were recorded in a variety of habitats, including wetlands, interior forests, grasslands, ponds, corridors, forest edges, and more. Most of the information was gathered from waterfowl surveys conducted from 1990 to 2008, from Partners in Flight (PIF) breeding bird surveys conducted from 1995 to 2013, and from past publications and research on Reservation birds. We have also included our own observations and, in a few instances, credible observations of ORR birds of which we have been made aware through eBird or discussions with area ornithologists and bird watchers. For the period 1950–2014, we were able to document 228 species of birds on the ORR. Several of these species are known from historic records only, while others were not known to have ever occurred on the Reservation until recently. This report does not include PIF breeding bird data from the 2014 season or any records after July 2014. Twenty-two species—approximately 10% of the total number of species observed—have state-listed status in Tennessee as endangered, threatened, or in need of management. Of the 228 species we documented, 120 are believed to be breeding birds on the ORR.

  7. Insulin-like growth factor 1 enhances the migratory capacity of mesenchymal stem cells

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Li, Yangxin [Laboratory of Heart Failure and Stem Cell, Texas Heart Institute, Houston, TX 77030 (United States)]. E-mail: Yangxin_li@yahoo.com; Yu, XiYong [Research Center of Medical Sciences, Guangdong Provincial People's Hospital, Guangdong Provincial Cardiovascular Institute, Guanzhou, Guandong 510080 (China)]. E-mail: yuxycn@hotmail.com; Lin, ShuGuang [Research Center of Medical Sciences, Guangdong Provincial People's Hospital, Guangdong Provincial Cardiovascular Institute, Guanzhou, Guandong 510080 (China); Li, XiaoHong [Research Center of Medical Sciences, Guangdong Provincial People's Hospital, Guangdong Provincial Cardiovascular Institute, Guanzhou, Guandong 510080 (China); Zhang, Saidan [Section of Cardiology, Xiangya Hospital of Central-South University, Changsha, Hunan 410008 (China); Song, Yao-Hua [Department of Molecular Pathology, University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX 77030 (United States)

    2007-05-11T23:59:59.000Z

    Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are attractive candidates for cell based therapies. However, the mechanisms responsible for stem cell migration and homing after transplantation remain unknown. It has been shown that insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) induces proliferation and migration of some cell types, but its effects on stem cells have not been investigated. We isolated and cultured MSC from rat bone marrow, and found that IGF-1 increased the expression levels of the chemokine receptor CXCR4 (receptor for stromal cell-derived factor-1, SDF-1). Moreover, IGF-1 markedly increased the migratory response of MSC to SDF-1. The IGF-1-induced increase in MSC migration in response to SDF-1 was attenuated by PI3 kinase inhibitor (LY294002 and wortmannin) but not by mitogen-activated protein/ERK kinase inhibitor PD98059. Our data indicate that IGF-1 increases MSC migratory responses via CXCR4 chemokine receptor signaling which is PI3/Akt dependent. These findings provide a new paradigm for biological effects of IGF-1 on MSC and have implications for the development of novel stem cell therapeutic strategies.

  8. Data Mining Applied to Acoustic Bird Species Recognition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vilches, Erika; Escobar, Ivan A.; Vallejo, E E; Taylor, C E

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    I. ; Frank, E. ; Data Mining: Practical Machine LearningData Mining Applied to Acoustic Bird Species Recognitionthe application of data mining techniques to the problem of

  9. Battling bird flu by the numbers

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625govInstrumentstdmadapInactiveVisiting the TWP TWPAlumniComplex historian ...BESFor Users LiveBattling bird flu

  10. ORNITOLOGIA NEOTROPICAL 19 (Suppl.): 641651, 2008 The Neotropical Ornithological Society

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaufman, Glennis A.

    agrochemicals throughout the Western Hemisphere. These pesticides have caused mortalities in migratory birds

  11. Proceedings of the 21st Seismic Research Symposium: Technologies for Monitoring The Comprehensive Nuclear Test-Ban Treaty

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Warren, N. Jill [Editor

    1999-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

    These proceedings contain papers prepared for the 21st Seismic Research Symposium: Technologies for Monitoring The Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty, held 21-24 September 1999 in Las Vegas, Nevada. These papers represent the combined research related to ground-based nuclear explosion monitoring funded by the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA), Defense Threat Reduction Agency (DTRA), Air Force Technical Applications Center (AFTAC), Department of Defense (DoD), the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization (CTBTO), and other invited sponsors. The scientific objectives of the research are to improve the United States capability to detect, locate, and identify nuclear explosions. The purpose of the meeting is to provide the sponsoring agencies, as well as potential users, an opportunity to review research accomplished during the preceding year and to discuss areas of investigation for the coming year. For the researchers, it provides a forum for the exchange of scientific information toward achieving program goals, and an opportunity to discuss results and future plans. Paper topics include: seismic regionalization and calibration; detection and location of sources; wave propagation from source to receiver; the nature of seismic sources, including mining practices; hydroacoustic, infrasound, and radionuclide methods; on-site inspection; and data processing.

  12. Topography, energy and the global distribution of bird species richness

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Storch, David

    Topography, energy and the global distribution of bird species richness Richard G. Davies1,*, C data on the global distribution of extant continental and continental island bird species to test, 1988; Currie 1991; Allen et al. 2002). Its role is also argued to extend to the influence of solar

  13. ORIGINAL PAPER Bird communities and wind farms: a phylogenetic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arita, Héctor T.

    effects of wind farms on bird populations through mortality by collision with the energyORIGINAL PAPER Bird communities and wind farms: a phylogenetic and morphological approach Leonel 2013 Abstract The undeniable environmental benefits of wind energy are undermined by the negative

  14. ORIGINAL PAPER Bird pollination of Canary Island endemic plants

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Northampton, University of

    ORIGINAL PAPER Bird pollination of Canary Island endemic plants Jeff Ollerton & Louise Cranmer /Accepted: 29 September 2008 # Springer-Verlag 2008 Abstract The Canary Islands are home to a guild Bird vision . Canary Islands . Mutualism . Pollinator. Tenerife Introduction The endemic flora

  15. ORIGINAL PAPER Bird pollination of Canary Island endemic plants

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chittka, Lars

    ORIGINAL PAPER Bird pollination of Canary Island endemic plants Jeff Ollerton & Louise Cranmer) was an effective pollinator of these species. Keywords Bird vision . Canary Islands . Mutualism . Pollinator. Tenerife Introduction The endemic flora of the Canary Islands, situated off the west coast of North Africa

  16. Bird Conservation International http://journals.cambridge.org/BCI

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to Central Patagonia, Argentina MARÍA LAURA AG�ERO, PABLO GARCÍA BORBOROGLU and DANIEL ESLER Bird). Distribution and abundance of Chubut Steamerducks: an endemic species to Central Patagonia, Argentina. Bird Distribution and abundance of Chubut Steamerducks: an endemic species to Central Patagonia, Argentina MARÍA

  17. A dunking bird of the second kind Nadine Abraham

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Palffy-Muhoray, Peter

    A dunking bird of the second kind Nadine Abraham Western Reserve Academy, Hudson, Ohio 44236 Peter proposed use as a device for pump- ing water in Egypt,2 the dunking bird has received consider- able Our goal is to create a dunking device that obtains energy from the evaporation of water

  18. ASC Birds'Eye View Education Program Education Materials, July, 2006 Birds'Eye View Education Program A Training Manual

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Montana, University of

    riparian areas and gain a bird's perspective on past mining activities and current restoration efforts for student activities related to birds, riparian ecosystems, and past mining activities. During the spring more useful for those educators lacking an extensive background in ecology. This training manual

  19. Abstract Bird mortality is heavily affected by birds of prey. Under attack, take-off is crucial for survival and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abstract Bird mortality is heavily affected by birds of prey. Under attack, take-off is crucial respond differently depending on the character of the predator's attack and these split-second decisions were studied using a model merlin (Falco columbarius) that attacked feeding blue tits (Parus caeruleus

  20. Identifying, Visualizing, and Fusing Social Media Data to Support Nonproliferation and Arms Control Treaty Verification: Preliminary Results

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gastelum, Zoe N.; Cramer, Nicholas O.; Benz, Jacob M.; Kreyling, Sean J.; Henry, Michael J.; Corley, Courtney D.; Whattam, Kevin M.

    2013-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

    While international nonproliferation and arms control verification capabilities have their foundations in physical and chemical sensors, state declarations, and on-site inspections, verification experts are beginning to consider the importance of open source data to complement and support traditional means of verification. One of those new, and increasingly expanding, sources of open source information is social media, which can be ingested and understood through social media analytics (SMA). Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) is conducting research to further our ability to identify, visualize, and fuse social media data to support nonproliferation and arms control treaty verification efforts. This paper will describe our preliminary research to examine social media signatures of nonproliferation or arms control proxy events. We will describe the development of our preliminary nonproliferation and arms control proxy events, outline our initial findings, and propose ideas for future work.

  1. A Discussion of Procedures and Equipment for the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty On-Site Inspection Environmental Sampling and Analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wogman, Ned A.; Milbrath, Brian D.; Payne, Rosara F.; Seifert, Carolyn E.; Friese, Judah I.; Miley, Harry S.; Bowyer, Ted W.; Hanlen, Richard C.; Onishi, Yasuo; Hayes, James C.; Wigmosta, Mark S.

    2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper is intended to serve as a scientific basis to start discussions of the available environmental sampling techniques and equipment that have been used in the past that could be considered for use within the context of the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT) on-site inspections (OSI). This work contains information on the techniques, equipment, costs, and some operational procedures associated with environmental sampling that have actually been used in the past by the United States for the detection of nuclear explosions. This paper also includes a discussion of issues, recommendations, and questions needing further study within the context of the sampling and analysis of aquatic materials, atmospheric gases, atmospheric particulates, vegetation, sediments and soils, fauna, and drill-back materials.

  2. The migratory pathways above out heads are one of the world's sweetest layers he

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Matthew

    from pectoralis major Advantages of Fat as anAdvantages of Fat as an Energy SourceEnergy Source Energy Yield (kJ) Metabolic Water (g) Fat 38.9 1.07 Carbohydrate 17.6 0.55 Protein 17.2 0.41 Migration-backed Gull Herring Gull 3. Endogenous3. Endogenous RhythmsRhythms · Under constant light:dark regimes · Birds

  3. Studying Wind Energy/Bird Interactions: A Guidance Document

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Anderson, R. [California Energy Commission (US); Morrison, M. [California State Univ., Sacramento, CA (US); Sinclair, K. [Dept. of Energy/National Renewable Energy Lab. (US); Strickland, D. [WEST, Inc. (US)

    1999-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This guidance document is a product of the Avian Subcommittee of the National Wind Coordinating Committee (NWCC). The NWCC was formed to better understand and promote responsible, credible, and comparable avian/wind energy interaction studies. Bird mortality is a concern and wind power is a potential clean and green source of electricity, making study of wind energy/bird interactions essential. This document provides an overview for regulators and stakeholders concerned with wind energy/bird interactions, as well as a more technical discussion of the basic concepts and tools for studying such interactions.

  4. IMPACTS TO BIRDS CAUSED BY WIND ENERGY GENERATION 4.1 INTRODUCTION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    77 CHAPTER 4 IMPACTS TO BIRDS CAUSED BY WIND ENERGY GENERATION 4.1 INTRODUCTION Bird mortality studies reporting on wind energy facilities elsewhere regularly report that bird mortality in the APWRA reports of bird mortality at wind energy facilities, and we extracted from those reports the mortality

  5. Epidemiology and diagnosis of microsporidia in psittacine birds

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barton, Casey Elizabeth

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of microsporidial infection in a variety of asymptomatic psittacine birds, especially lovebirds. Cloacal smears and droppings were examined for the presence of spores using calcofluor white M2R stain as the primary screening technique. Indirect immunofluorescent...

  6. archean bird river: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    required about nine hours computing time to produce 300 frames local X local Y local Z global X global Y global Z Figure 1: Representation of a bird as a coordinate system for a...

  7. Overview of the U.S. Department of Energy/National Renewable Energy Laboratory avian research program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sinclair, K.C. [National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO (United States); Morrison, M.L. [California State Univ., Sacramento, CA (United States). Dept. of Biological Sciences

    1997-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    As wind energy use continues to expand, concern over the possible impacts of wind farms on birds continues to be an issue. The concern includes two primary areas: the effect of avian mortality on bird populations, and possible litigation over the killing of even one bird if it is protected by the Migratory Bird Treaty Act or the Endangered Species Act or both. In order to address these concerns, the US Department of Energy (DOE) and the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), working collaboratively with all stakeholders including utilities, environmental groups, consumer advocates, utility regulators, government officials, and the wind industry, has an active avian-wind power research program. DOE/NREL is conducting and sponsoring research with the expectation of developing solutions to educe or avoid avian mortality due to wind energy development throughout the US. This paper outlines the DOE/NREL approach and summarizes completed, current, and planned projects.

  8. Status of Avian Research at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sinclair, K.

    2001-09-18T23:59:59.000Z

    As the use of wind energy expands across the United States, concerns about the impacts of commercial wind farms on bird and bat populations are frequently raised. Two primary areas of concern are (1) possible litigation resulting from the killing of even one bird if it is protected by the Migratory Bird Treaty Act, the Endangered Species Act, or both; and (2) the effect of avian mortality on bird populations. To properly address these concerns, the U.S. Department of Energy's National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) supports scientifically based avian/wind power interaction research. In this paper I describe NREL's field-based research projects and summarize the status of the research. I also summarize NREL's other research activities, including lab-based vision research to increase the visibility of moving turbine blades and avian acoustic research, as well as our collaborative efforts with the National Wind Coordinating Committee's Avian Subcommittee.

  9. Cult of deterrence: A moral and strategic critique of the anti-ballistic missile treaty. Master`s thesis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pringle, C.S.

    1997-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Ballistic missile defense is the morally and strategically superior alternative to the current system of deterrence, provided that it is responsibly implemented. Analysis of the Just War Criteria and the utilitarian justifications of deterrence present a moral obligation to pursue the alternative strategy of missile defense as a means of defending the United States. However, the Anti-Ballistic Missile (ABM) Treaty does not allow earnest pursuit of this alternative, despite recent efforts to exploit its loopholes and broaden its meaning beyond any reasonable limit. Moreover, deterrence can no longer provide the guarantee of security that it did during the Cold War. Offense-Defense Theory shows that revisionist states are not subject to the same calculations of effective deterrence that the Soviet Union was during that period. This strategic analysis underlies the moral evaluations and further supports missile defense. The cult of deterrence is presented as an explanation for the failure to adapt national security policy to the new international structure, as European powers failed to perceive the offense-defense balance prior to World War I. The ABM regime threatens to reproduce those same mistakes with even greater consequences.

  10. Proceedings of the Wind Energy and Birds/Bats Workshop: Understanding and Resolving Bird and Bat Impacts

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schwartz, Susan Savitt (ed.)

    2004-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Most conservation groups support the development of wind energy in the US as an alternative to fossil and nuclear-fueled power plants to meet growing demand for electrical energy. However, concerns have surfaced over the potential threat to birds, bats, and other wildlife from the construction and operation of wind turbine facilities. Co-sponsored by the American Bird Conservancy (ABC) and the American Wind Energy Association (AWEA), the Wind Energy and Birds/Bats Workshop was convened to examine current research on the impacts of wind energy development on avian and bat species and to discuss the most effective ways to mitigate such impacts. On 18-19 May 2004, 82 representatives from government, non-government organizations, private business, and academia met to (1) review the status of the wind industry and current project development practices, including pre-development risk assessment and post-construction monitoring; (2) learn what is known about direct, indirect (habitat), and cumulative impacts on birds and bats from existing wind projects; about relevant aspects of bat and bird migration ecology; about offshore wind development experience in Europe; and about preventing, minimizing, and mitigating avian and bat impacts; (3) review wind development guidelines developed by the USFWS and the Washington State Department of Fish and Wildlife; and (4) identify topics needing further research and to discuss what can be done to ensure that research is both credible and accessible. These Workshop Proceedings include detailed summaries of the presentations made and the discussions that followed.

  11. Book Review: Effects of Climate Change on Birds

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peterson, A. Townsend

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Effects of Climate Change on Birds.—Anders Pape Møller, Wolfgang Fieldler, and Peter Berthold, editors. 2010. Oxford University Press, New York. 321 pp. + 9 color plates. ISBN-978- 0-19-956975-5. $117.00 (hard cover). Certainly timely in light... of present climatic trends, this book sets out to assemble useful summaries of the full breadth of climate-change implications for birds in a single volume. It is or- ganized into sections treating the basics of climate, methods for studying climate-change...

  12. The effects of human disturbance on birds in Bastrop State Park

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marcum, Heidi Ann

    2006-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

    disturbance can damage birds in many ways, including disrupting foraging or social behavior, increasing nest predation, interfering with parent-offspring and pair bonds, increasing nesting failures, and reducing the viability of fledglings. Additionally, birds...

  13. Impact of Wind Farms on Birds and Bats in Iowa Principal Investigator: Stephen J. Dinsmore

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koford, Rolf R.

    Impact of Wind Farms on Birds and Bats in Iowa Principal Investigator: Stephen J. Dinsmore of Natural Resources, State Wildlife Grant Goals and Objectives: Document bird use at wind farm of bird community responses at wind farms and paired control sites. This will produce a measure

  14. ORIGINAL PAPER Wintering forest birds roost in areas of higher sun radiation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carrascal, Luis M.

    with taller trees more exposed to solar radiation to enhance winter habitat suitability for birdsORIGINAL PAPER Wintering forest birds roost in areas of higher sun radiation Sara Villén latitudes of cold winter climate, birds should spend the night in areas of low altitudes, higher

  15. HumanWildlife Interactions 8(2):261270, Fall 2014 Soil quality manipulation to reduce bird

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    are a worldwide threat to aviation safety. From 1990 to 2012, the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) received Abstract: Aviation safety is an important concern in wildlife management as bird strikes risk human lives. Further, the FAA estimates that only about 20% of bird strikes are reported. The probability of bird

  16. Evaluation of the Effects of Turbulence on the Behavior of Migratory Fish, 2002 Final Report.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Odeh, Mufeed.

    2002-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The fundamental influence of fluid dynamics on aquatic organisms is receiving increasing attention among aquatic ecologists. For example, the importance of turbulence to ocean plankton has long been a subject of investigation (Peters and Redondo 1997). More recently, studies have begun to emerge that explicitly consider the effects of shear and turbulence on freshwater invertebrates (Statzner et al. 1988; Hart et al. 1996) and fishes (Pavlov et al. 1994, 1995). Hydraulic shear stress and turbulence are interdependent natural hydraulic phenomena that are important to fish, and consequently it is important to develop an understanding of how fish sense, react to, and perhaps utilize these phenomena under normal river flows. The appropriate reaction to turbulence may promote movement of migratory fish (Coutant 1998) or prevent displacement of resident fish. It has been suggested that one of the adverse effects of flow regulation by hydroelectric projects is the reduction of normal turbulence, particularly in the headwaters of reservoirs, which can lead to disorientation and slowing of migration (Williams et al. 1996; Coutant et al. 1997; Coutant 1998). On the other hand, greatly elevated levels of shear and turbulence may be injurious to fish; injuries can range from removal of the mucous layer on the body surface to descaling to torn opercula, popped eyes, and decapitation (Neitzel et al. 2000a,b). Damaging levels of fluid stress, such turbulence, can occur in a variety of circumstances in both natural and man-made environments. This report discusses the effects of shear stress and turbulence on fish, with an emphasis on potentially damaging levels in man-made environments. It defines these phenomena, describes studies that have been conducted to understand their effects, and identifies gaps in our knowledge. In particular, this report reviews the available information on the levels of turbulence that can occur within hydroelectric power plants, and the associated biological effects. Furthermore, this report describes an experimental apparatus designed to test the effect of turbulence on fish, and defines its hydraulics. It gives the results of experiments in which three different fish species were exposed to representative levels of turbulence in the laboratory.

  17. X-ray Imaging Shows Feather Patterns of First Birds

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    One-hundred million years ago, what did birds look like? Scientists have taken a huge step towards finding the answer, leaving the creative imaginations behind such classics as Jurassic Park, The Land Before Time and Dinotopic to contend with science.

  18. PHYSIOLOGY OF THERMAL PANTING IN BIRDS S.-A. RICHARDS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    , but in birds, owing in part to the peculiar structure of the respiratory system, it has been by no means will reduce the efficiency of these processes and throw more and more emphasis on the only remaining mechanism, that of eva- porative cooling from the respiratory tract. Indeed, when ambient temperature exceeds

  19. Quicksort via Bird's Tree Fusion Transformation Tjark Weber1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Caldwell, James

    Quicksort via Bird's Tree Fusion Transformation Tjark Weber1 and James Caldwell2 1 Institut f¨ur Informatik, Technische Universit¨at M¨unchen Boltzmannstr. 3, D-85748 Garching b. M¨unchen, Germany tjark.weber

  20. A bird-finding guide to Mexico [Review

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peterson, A. Townsend

    2000-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Copyright © 2000. All rights reserved. JUNE 2000 NEW BIOLOGICAL BOOKS 193 A BIRD-FINDII\\G GUIDE TO MEXICO.... By Steve N G Howell. Ithaca (New York): Comstock Publishing Associates (Cornell University Press). $29.95 (paper). xviii + 365 p; ill.; index. ISBN: 0-8014- 8581-9. 1999. Mexico has been the training camp for many neo­ tropical ornithologists. The author...

  1. Phylogenetics of modern birds in the era of genomics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edwards, Scott

    Review Phylogenetics of modern birds in the era of genomics Scott V. Edwards*, W. Bryan Jennings and maturation of the genomics era, the completion of the chicken genome and a suite of technologies that promise genomics strategies, including adoption of objective quality scores for sequence data, analysis

  2. Historical mutation rates predict susceptibility to radiation in Chernobyl birds

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mousseau, Timothy A.

    Historical mutation rates predict susceptibility to radiation in Chernobyl birds A. P. MÃ?LLER* , J in the evolutionary past. Radioactive contamination from Chernobyl constitutes one such extreme perturbation of radiation from Chernobyl are also the species that in the past have been most susceptible to factors

  3. Global warming and body mass decline in Israeli passerine birds

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yom-Tov, Yoram

    Global warming and body mass decline in Israeli passerine birds Yoram Yom-Tov Department of Zoology,Tel Aviv University,Tel Aviv 69978, Israel ( yomtov@post.tau.ac.il) Global warming may a¡ect the physiology in body mass and tarsus length are due to global warming and also in accordance with Bergmann's rule

  4. Columbia River Treaty

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625govInstrumentstdmadapInactiveVisiting the TWPSuccessAlamosCharacterization2Climate,CobaltColdin679 2.715

  5. Columbia River Treaty

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office511041clothAdvanced Materials Advanced. C o w l i tCollaboration MarchCanadian and United States Entities

  6. Columbia River Treaty

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office511041clothAdvanced Materials Advanced. C o w l i tCollaboration MarchCanadian and United States EntitiesA

  7. Limited Test Ban Treaty

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA Approved:AdministrationAnalysisDarby/%2AOU1a Complex isTR-400563Lead NRC9/%2A

  8. Proceedings of the Symposium on the Non-Proliferation Experiment: Results and Implications for Test Ban Treaties, Rockville, Maryland, April 19-21, 1994

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Denny, Marvin D

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    To address a critical verification issue for the current Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) and for a possible future Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT), the Department of Energy sought to measure certain differences between an underground nuclear test and a chemical test in the same geology, so that other explosions could be identified. This was done in a field experiment code-named the NonProliferation Experiment (NPE).This comprehensive experiment was designed to determine the signatures of chemical explosions for a broad range of phenomena for comparison with those of previous nuclear tests. If significant differences can be measured, then these measures can be used to discriminate between the two types of explosions. In addition, when these differences are understood, large chemical explosions can be used to seismically calibrate regions to discriminate earthquakes from explosions. Toward this end, on-site and off-site measurements of transient phenomena were made, and on-site measurements of residual effects are in progress.Perhaps the most striking result was that the source function for the chemical explosion was identical to that of a nuclear one of about twice the yield. These proceedings provide more detailed results of the experiment.

  9. Citizen Science Case Study: eBird eBird, a joint project of the Cornell Lab of Ornithology and National Audubon Society, is a citizen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crowston, Kevin

    Citizen Science Case Study: eBird Abstract eBird, a joint project of the Cornell Lab of Ornithology and National Audubon Society, is a citizen science project that engages a global network, our purpose is to inform future citizen science technical implementations. It is hoped

  10. Birds see the trees inside the forest: The potential impacts of changes in forest composition on songbirds during spring migration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Turner, Monica G.

    on songbirds during spring migration Eric M. Wood , Anna M. Pidgeon, Feng Liu, David J. Mladenoff Department time in the life cycle of migratory songbirds (Hutto, 2000; Sillett and Holmes, 2002; Newton, 2004

  11. Limits to Species' Distributions: Spatial Structure and Dynamics of Breeding Bird Populations Along an Ecological Gradient

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hargrove, Lori

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    K. J. 2003. The structure and dynamics of geographic ranges.8 Chapter 1: Spatial structure and dynamics of breeding birdDistributions: Spatial Structure and Dynamics of Breeding

  12. Oak Ridge recognized for bird protection practices | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn'tOrigin of Contamination in ManyDepartment of Order No.ofUse | Departmentrecognized for bird

  13. FLYING FISH GLIDE AS WELL We're all familiar with birds that are as

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moss, Cynthia

    Inside JEB i FLYING FISH GLIDE AS WELL AS BIRDS We're all familiar with birds that are as comfortable diving as they are flying but only one family of fish has made the reverse journey. Flying fish Choi, a mechanical engineer from Seoul National University, Korea, became fascinated by flying fish

  14. BIRD BEHAVIORS IN THE ALTAMONT PASS WIND RESOURCE AREA 8.1 INTRODUCTION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    a different view, arguing that intensity of use of the area in a wind farm is unrelated to turbine-caused bird the sampling area. At each plot, two observers performed circular visual scans (360o ), also called variable246 CHAPTER 8 BIRD BEHAVIORS IN THE ALTAMONT PASS WIND RESOURCE AREA 8.1 INTRODUCTION Specific

  15. Am. ~Iidl. Nal. 14:\\:-11-52 Bird Mortality Associated with Wind Turbines at the Buffalo

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    238-w Am. ~Iidl. Nal. 14:\\:-11-52 Bird Mortality Associated with Wind Turbines at the Buffalo Ridge Wind Resource Area, Minnesota ROBERT G. OSBORNI /)l'jmrll1ll'1ll of U'ilcllifl' fwd Fisheries Srienres. Collisions with wind turbincs wcre suspected for 8 of th(' 12 birds. Durillg obscn'cr efficiency trials

  16. Organochlorine Pollutants and Stable Isotopes in Resident and Migrant Passerine Birds from Northwest Michoacan, Mexico

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mora, Miguel A.

    Organochlorine Pollutants and Stable Isotopes in Resident and Migrant Passerine Birds from Northwest Michoaca´n, Mexico Miguel A. Mora Received: 22 October 2007 / Accepted: 20 December 2007 to assess if resident and migrant birds wintering in western Michoaca´n, Mexico accumulated elevated

  17. eBirding: Technology Adoption and the Transformation of Leisure into Science

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crowston, Kevin

    to discuss how technology adoption in a citizen science project influences participation and thereby. Keywords: citizen science, eBird, technology adoption, cy- berinfrastructure, birding. 1. INTRODUCTION Public participation in scientific research can take many forms, including citizen science, a type

  18. BirdWatch--Supporting Citizen Scientists for Better Linked Data Quality for Biodiversity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hyvönen, Eero

    quality in a citizen science setting, and presents a mobile tool BirdWatch for citizen observers, miti be initiated. In many areas of biology, much of the observational data is based on citizen science: the dataBirdWatch--Supporting Citizen Scientists for Better Linked Data Quality for Biodiversity Management

  19. Small isolated aspen stands enrich bird communities in southwestern ponderosa pine forests

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beier, Paul

    Small isolated aspen stands enrich bird communities in southwestern ponderosa pine forests Kerry L Received 21 May 2001; received in revised form 20 January 2002; accepted 14 July 2002 Abstract Small aspen their contribution to the avian community. We sampled birds in 53 small, isolated aspen stands and 53 paired plots

  20. Elevated Frequency of Cataracts in Birds from Chernobyl Timothy Alexander Mousseau1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mousseau, Timothy A.

    Elevated Frequency of Cataracts in Birds from Chernobyl Timothy Alexander Mousseau1 , Anders Pape typical of cataracts in more than 1100 free-living birds in the Chernobyl region in relation to background Chernobyl. PLoS ONE 8(7): e66939. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0066939 Editor: Jordi Moya-Larano, Estacion

  1. Short-Term Hurricane Impacts on a Neotropical Community of Marked Birds and Implications for Early-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Winker, Kevin

    Short-Term Hurricane Impacts on a Neotropical Community of Marked Birds and Implications for Early- Stage Community Resilience Andrew B. Johnson1,2 , Kevin Winker1 * 1 University of Alaska Museum birds, following this community through the catastrophic destruction of its forest habitat by Hurricane

  2. Glen Canyon Dam, Fluctuating Water Levels, and Riparian Breeding Birds: The Need for Management Compromise

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    I ;'. I Glen Canyon Dam, Fluctuating Water Levels, and Riparian Breeding Birds: The Need.--Large water releases from Glen Canyon Dam in May and June are harmful to riparian breeding birds along' INTRODUCTION 100,000,.... COLORAOQ RIVER NEAR GRAND CANYON (PHANTOM RANCHi The completion of Glen Canyon Dam

  3. Low light reflectance may explain the attraction of birds to defoliated trees

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laaksonen, Toni

    Low light reflectance may explain the attraction of birds to defoliated trees Elina Ma¨ntyla¨, Tero autumnata) in nontest branches. Species, age, or sex of the experimental bird or lighting (ultraviolet [UV light than the herbivore trees, whereas no such difference was found in the shadier forest patch trees

  4. Effects on birds of an offshore wind park at Horns Rev: Environmental

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Effects on birds of an offshore wind park at Horns Rev: Environmental impact assessment NERI Report Environmental Research Institute Effects on birds of an offshore wind park at Horns Rev: Environmental impact of an offshore wind park at Horns Rev: Environmental impact assessment Authors: Henning Noer, Thomas Kjær

  5. 13 (1): 100-xxx (2006)13 (1): 100-110 (2006) Distribution and survival of birds within a landscape

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carrascal, Luis M.

    they increased with radiation incidence of oakwood plots (i.e., birds avoided northern orientations where solar exposed to the south. Keywords: altitude, bird distribution, habitat structure, oakwood forests, solar13 (1): 100-xxx (2006)13 (1): 100-110 (2006) Distribution and survival of birds within a landscape

  6. Connecting seas: western Palaearctic continental flyway for water birds in the perspective of changing land use

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kleyer, Michael

    of changing land use and climate M E N N O B A R T R . VA N E E R D E N *, R U D O L F H . D R E N T w, J U L the tundra and taiga belts of Russia with north-west Europe is the major migratory avenue for an estimated 9; accepted 24 January 2005 Introduction Profound changes have occurred in the European landscape during

  7. Migratory Behavior and Survival of Juvenile Salmonids in the Lower Columbia River, Estuary, and Plume in 2010

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McMichael, Geoffrey A.; Harnish, Ryan A.; Skalski, John R.; Deters, Katherine A.; Ham, Kenneth D.; Townsend, Richard L.; Titzler, P. Scott; Hughes, Michael S.; Kim, Jin A.; Trott, Donna M.

    2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Uncertainty regarding the migratory behavior and survival of juvenile salmonids passing through the lower Columbia River and estuary after negotiating dams on the Federal Columbia River Power System (FCRPS) prompted the development and application of the Juvenile Salmon Acoustic Telemetry System (JSATS). The JSATS has been used to investigate the survival of juvenile salmonid smolts between Bonneville Dam (river kilometer (rkm) 236) and the mouth of the Columbia River annually since 2004. In 2010, a total of 12,214 juvenile salmonids were implanted with both a passive integrated transponder (PIT) and a JSATS acoustic transmitter. Using detection information from JSATS receiver arrays deployed on dams and in the river, estuary, and plume, the survival probability of yearling Chinook salmon and steelhead smolts tagged at John Day Dam was estimated form multiple reaches between rkm 153 and 8.3 during the spring. During summer, the survival probability of subyearling Chinook salmon was estimated for the same reaches. In addition, the influence of routes of passage (e.g., surface spill, deep spill, turbine, juvenile bypass system) through the lower three dams on the Columbia River (John Day, The Dalles, and Bonneville) on juvenile salmonid smolt survival probability from the dams to rkm 153 and then between rkm 153 and 8.3 was examined to increase understanding of the immediate and latent effects of dam passage on juvenile salmon survival. Similar to previous findings, survival probability was relatively high (>0.95) for most groups of juvenile salmonids from the Bonneville Dam tailrace to about rkm 50. Downstream of rkm 50 the survival probability of all species and run types we examined decreased markedly. Steelhead smolts suffered the highest mortality in this lower portion of the Columbia River estuary, with only an estimated 60% of the tagged fish surviving to the mouth of the river. In contrast, yearling and subyearling Chinook salmon smolts survived to the mouth of the river at higher rates, with estimated survival probabilities of 84% and 86%, respectively. The influence of route of passage at the lower three dams in the FCRPS on juvenile salmonid survival appeared to be relatively direct and immediate. Significant differences in estimated survival probabilities of juvenile salmonid smolts among groups with different dam passage experiences were often detected between the dams and rkm 153. In contrast, the influence of route of passage on survival to the mouth of the Columbia River was not apparent among the groups of tagged juvenile salmonids with different FCRPS passage experiences after they had already survived to a point about 80 km downstream of Bonneville Dam. Yearling Chinook salmon and steelhead smolts that migrated through the lower estuary in off-channel habitats took two to three times longer to travel through these lower reaches and their estimated survival probabilities were not significantly different from that of their cohorts which migrated in or near the navigation channel. A large proportion of the tagged juvenile salmonids migrating in or near the navigation channel in the lower estuary crossed from the south side of the estuary near Astoria, Oregon and passed through relatively shallow expansive sand flats (Taylor Sands) to the North Channel along the Washington shore of the estuary. This migratory behavior may contribute to the avian predation losses observed on for fish (2 to 12% of fish in this study).

  8. A STUDY ON THE INCAPACITATION MECHANISM MODEL OF THE JUCHIST AND MARXIST-LENINIST ARTICLES AGAINST THE CORE IMPLEMENTATION MECHANISM MODEL OF THE FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS ARTICLES IN THE NORTH KOREAN CONSTITUTION: NORTH KOREA'S VIOLATIONS OF FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS AND INTERNATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS TREATIES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jun, Woo-Suk

    2014-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Korean government] claims that it has a legal system in place for human rights protection and has submitted periodic reports to the UN treaty committees explaining its observance of international human rights treaties.(citation omitted)”). The United... Kingdom Foreign and Commonwealth Office has done a similar analysis in its Annual Report on Human Rights 2009. The relevant parts of its analysis include the following statement: The DPRK [Democratic People’s Republic of Korea] consistently denies...

  9. Session: Non-fatality and habitat impacts on birds from wind energy development

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Strickland, Dale

    2004-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This session at the Wind Energy and Birds/Bats workshop was consisted of one paper presentation followed by a discussion/question and answer period. The session focused on discussion of non-collision impacts of wind energy projects on birds, primarily impacts to habitat. The presentation included information about the impacts of habitat fragmentation, disturbance, and site avoidance from wind turbines, as well as from roads, transmission facilities, and other related construction at wind project sites. Whether birds habituate to the presence of turbines and the influence of regional factors were also addressed. The paper given by Dale Strickland was titled ''Overview of Non-Collision Related Impacts from Wind Projects''.

  10. Bird Movements and Behaviors in the Gulf Coast Region: Relation to Potential Wind-Energy Developments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Morrison, M. L.

    2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this paper is to discuss the possible impacts of wind development to birds along the lower Gulf Coast, including both proposed near-shore and offshore developments. The report summarizes wind resources in Texas, discusses timing and magnitude of bird migration as it relates to wind development, reviews research that has been conducted throughout the world on near- and offshore developments, and provides recommendations for research that will help guide wind development that minimizes negative impacts to birds and other wildlife resources.

  11. Proceedings of the 22nd Annual DoD/DOE Seismic Research Symposium: Planning for Verification of and Compliance with the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nichols, James W., LTC [Editor

    2000-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    These proceedings contain papers prepared for the 22nd Annual DoD/DOE Seismic Research Symposium: Planning for Verification of and Compliance with the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT), held 13-15 September 2000 in New Orleans, Louisiana. These papers represent the combined research related to ground-based nuclear explosion monitoring funded by the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA), Defense Threat Reduction Agency (DTRA), Air Force Technical Applications Center (AFTAC), Department of Defense (DoD), US Army Space and Missile Defense Command, Defense Special Weapons Agency (DSWA), and other invited sponsors. The scientific objectives of the research are to improve the United States capability to detect, locate, and identify nuclear explosions. The purpose of the meeting is to provide the sponsoring agencies, as well as potential users, an opportunity to review research accomplished during the preceding year and to discuss areas of investigation for the coming year. For the researchers, it provides a forum for the exchange of scientific information toward achieving program goals, and an opportunity to discuss results and future plans. Paper topics include: seismic regionalization and calibration; detection and location of sources; wave propagation from source to receiver; the nature of seismic sources, including mining practices; hydroacoustic, infrasound, and radionuclide methods; on-site inspection; and data processing.

  12. The mechanisms underlying convergent evolution in the plumage patterns of birds

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gluckman, Thanh-Lan

    2015-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

    receptors (Yoshihara et al. 2012). Models of within-feather pattern formation The proposed organizing mechanism for within-feather pattern formation in birds is reaction-diffusion, based on Alan Turing’s (1952) original proposition The mechanisms...

  13. The role of involvement and commitment in explaining intention to engage in birding trips

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Seong-Seop

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    -psychological involvement measures, and measures of commitment; (c) to ascertain how well Laurent and Kapferer's (1985) scale, Zaichkowsky's (1985) scale, a set of behavioral measures, and commitment nimures explain intention to go on birding trips; (4) to conceptualize...

  14. An investigation into the contamination of WSR-88D VAD wind profile output by migrating birds

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schulze, Karl Werner

    2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    tested. While they show some promise, these methods require further operational testing to determine their usefulness for real-time warning of bird contamination and the reporting of the true wind....

  15. Schwartz wins 40th annual Early Bird Golf Tourney | The Ames...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    as he won the 40th annual Ames Lab Early Bird Golf Tourney, held April 10 at Honey Creek golf course in Boone. Schwartz shot a 36 to edge second-place finisher Mark Murphy by...

  16. Foraging ecology of wintering wading birds along the Gulf of Mexico coast

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sherry, Dawn Ann

    2007-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

    and habitat use by wading birds. I found considerable variation among three sites, Aransas National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR), Texas; Marsh Island Wildlife Refuge (MIWR), Louisiana; and Chassahowitzka National Wildlife Refuge (CNWR), Florida. Species comprising...

  17. Adaptation of Bird Communities to Farmland Abandonment in a Mountain Landscape

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pereira, Henrique Miguel

    reservoirs of biodiversity and their abandonment has important conservation implications. In multiAdaptation of Bird Communities to Farmland Abandonment in a Mountain Landscape Joa~o Lopes Lisboa, Lisboa, Portugal Abstract Widespread farmland abandonment has led to significant landscape

  18. The 33rd Report of the California Bird Records Committee: 2007 Records

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ... THE 33rd REPORT OF THE CALIFORNIA BIRD RECORDS COMMITTEE: 2007 RECORDS DANIEL S. SINGER, 335 Talbot Ave. #109, ... point; R., river; W. A., wildlife area; W. M. A., wildlife management area. Museum collections housing specimens cited in this report, ...

  19. ECOLOGY AND GEOGRAPHY OF AVIAN VIRUSES USING NICHE MODELS AND WILD BIRD SURVEILLANCE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams, Richard A. J.

    2010-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

    The emergence of highly pathogenic avian influenza strain H5N1 (hereafter "H5N1"), and other bird-associated viruses, have raised serious concerns about impacts on human, livestock, and wildlife populations. Ecological ...

  20. Breeding and wintering bird occurence in Texas rangelands with special reference to woody plant encroachment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Magness, Dawn Robin

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    BREEDING AND WINTERING BIRD OCCURRENCE IN TEXAS RANGELANDS WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO WOODY PLANT ENCROACHMENT A Thesis by DAWN ROBIN MAGNESS Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas ARM University in partial fulfillment... of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 2003 Major Subject: Wildlife and Fisheries Sciences BREEDING AND WINTERING BIRD OCCURRENCE IN TEXAS RANGELANDS WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO WOODY PLANT ENCROACHMENT A Thesis by DAWN ROBIN MAGNESS...

  1. A comparison of bird use and species diversity of created and natural salt marshes in the Galveston Bay complex, Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Melvin, Stefani Lynn

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    extensively in New Jersey by colonial waterbirds for nesting. In North Carolina, similar islands are heavily used by both migrating land birds and nesting waterbirds (Parnell and Soots 1978, Parnell et al. 1986). Along the Texas coast, Soots and Landin... of microhabitats, including internal pools, creeks, and exposed mudflats, may affect bird utilization of created habitat for activities during various times of the year. Birds often have different habitat requirements during breeding and post-breeding seasons...

  2. Effect of bird density and dietary protein levels on the performance of midget and normal commercial inbred cross layers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gonzalez Delfino, Andres

    1969-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . Midgets 2 were fed two levels of prot'ein, 17 and. 16%. For nor- mal-sized birds a 16. 1% protein was used. . Body weights ranged from 1057 to 1125 gms. for midgets and from 1595 to 1601 gms. for normal-sized birds. The midgets weighed approximately... were statistically significant and reflected the smaller maintenance requirements of midget birds. Normal-sized birds produced significantly more eggs (69, 'o) than midgets (5P/o). Midgets housed. two per cage had the highest hen-day egg production...

  3. Status of the U.S. Department of Energy/National Renewable Energy Laboratory Avian Research Program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sinclair, K. C.

    1999-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

    As wind energy development expands, concern over possible negative impacts of wind farms on birds remains an issue to be addressed. The concerns are twofold: (1) possible litigation over the killing of even one bird if it is protected by the Migratory Bird Treaty Act and/or the Endangered Species Act, and (2) the effect of avian mortality on bird populations. To properly address these concerns, the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), working collaboratively with stakeholders including utilities, environmental groups, consumer advocates, regulators, government officials, and the wind industry, supports an avian-wind interaction research program. The objectives of the program are to conduct and sponsor scientifically based research that will ultimately lead to the reduction of avian fatality due to wind energy development throughout the United States. The approach for this program involves cooperating with the various stakeholders to study the impacts of current wind plants on avian populations, developing approaches to siting wind plants that avoid avian problems in the future, and investigating methods for reducing or eliminating impacts on birds due to the development of wind energy. This paper summarizes the research projects currently supported by NREL.

  4. Treaty Verification | ornl.gov

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and arms control initiatives through research and development of radiation detection techniques and their application to probable monitoring scenarios. Current ORNL...

  5. Treaty Verification | ornl.gov

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over OurThe Iron Spin Transition in2,EHSS A-Z Site Map OrganizationFAQ »Treatments

  6. Not Treaty Side2.pdf

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What's Possible for Renewable Energy:Nanowire Solar541,9337,2AprilBigtoDepartment of »Writers:NotNot

  7. Non-Treaty Storage Agreement

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)Integrated CodesTransparencyDOE Project Taps HPCNew4 NewsSecurityNominationdefault

  8. treaties | National Nuclear Security Administration

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA Approved:AdministrationAnalysisDarby Dietrich57/%2A0/%2A1/%2Atreaties |

  9. Coal fly ash basins as an attractive nuisance to birds: Parental provisioning exposes nestlings to harmful trace elements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hopkins, William A.

    inhabiting settling impoundments receiving slurried ash from a coal-fired power plant located on the U. SCoal fly ash basins as an attractive nuisance to birds: Parental provisioning exposes nestlings Keywords: Coal fly ash basin Common Grackle Contaminants Quiscalus quiscala Selenium a b s t r a c t Birds

  10. Why young birds forage at nutritionally poor and dangerous places: classical food-safety trade-offs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sandercock, Brett K.

    205 205 Why young birds forage at nutritionally poor and dangerous places: classical food in the context of energy state. Animals in low energy states tend to accept the highest danger levels in return classes of birds in habitats that differ in predation danger, food densities, and substrate complexity we

  11. I. Fjdd Ornidml.. 71 (1.:IK7-~"'J6 HABITAT OF BIRDS IN PONDEROSA PINE AND ASPEN/BIRCH

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ....., I. Fjdd Ornidml.. 71 (1.:IK7-~"'J6 HABITAT OF BIRDS IN PONDEROSA PINE AND ASPEN/BIRCH FOREST-le\\'d scales in ponderosa pine and quaking aspen (l'opuil", /rl'lIIll/oitil's)/paper birch ([Multl ptl in aspen/bird\\ than in ponderosa pille. Species richnes.~ Wd.~ generdlly lowt'r in ponderosa pine w;lh >40

  12. A comparison of bird densities, cage sizes, types of cages, feeder spaces, and fly control methods for colony cages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thornberry, Fredrick Donald

    1963-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    !elve Periods of Lay as Influenced b' Types and Sizes of Colony Cages and Bird Dens tties Initial Bod Wei hts at Housino Grams) Bird Densi. ty (Sq. ft. /bird) Type of Cage Wire Slat Size of Cage 3 1'7' x 4' 3 li2' x 8' 0. 75 1. 0 1. 5 2. 0 1377. 9... 1388. 1 1363. 0 1396. 2 1368. 3 1383. 0 1402. 6 1383. 6 1393. 8 1360. 7 1390 9 1376. 7 1374. 9 1371. 6 1372. 9 1352. 2 Bod Wei hts After 168 Da s of La (Grams Bird Density (Sq. ft. /bird) Type of Cage Wire S lat Size of Cage 3 1/2' x 4...

  13. Am. MidI. Nat. l:i9:29-3R Bird Flight Characteristics Near Wind Turbines in Minnesota

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    with wind power development has been bird mortality from collisions with wind turbines (McCrary 1'1 al·... Am. MidI. Nat. l:i9:29-3R Bird Flight Characteristics Near Wind Turbines in Minnesota ROBERT C Ridge Wind Resource Area. In both years bird abundance peaked in spring. Red.winged blackbirds (Ag

  14. EARLY CRETACEOUS (BERRIASIAN) BIRDS AND PTEROSAURS FROM THE CORNET BAUXITE MINE,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Benton, Michael

    EARLY CRETACEOUS (BERRIASIAN) BIRDS AND PTEROSAURS FROM THE CORNET BAUXITE MINE, ROMANIA by GARETH.benton@bristol.ac.uk àMuzeul Taril Crisurilor, B-dul Dacia nr. 1-3, 410464 Oradea, Romania; e-mail eposmosanu bones from the Lower Cretaceous (Berriasian) of western Romania. These fossils were collected

  15. Vertebrates are animals with a backbone and include mammals, birds and fishes. Considering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Watson, Craig A.

    Vertebrates are animals with a backbone and include mammals, birds and fishes. Considering roughly three quarters of the earth is covered in water it should be no surprise that fish are the most numerous vertebrates in the world. According to the Florida Museum of Natural History there are about 28,000 known fish

  16. Mining Citizen Science Data to Predict Prevalence of Wild Bird Species

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Riedewald, Mirek

    Mining Citizen Science Data to Predict Prevalence of Wild Bird Species Rich Caruana, Mohamed and Subject Descriptors: H.2.8 [Database Management]: Database Applications--data mining, scien- tific inspection, partial dependence function, sensitivity analysis 1. INTRODUCTION Ecology is fundamentally

  17. Periodic Cooling of Bird Eggs Reduces Embryonic Growth Efficiency Christopher R. Olson*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vleck, Carol

    927 Periodic Cooling of Bird Eggs Reduces Embryonic Growth Efficiency Christopher R. Olson* Carol M, periodic cooling occurs when the in- cubating adult leaves the nest to forage, but the effects of pe- riodic cooling on embryo growth, yolk use, and metabolism are poorly known. To address this question, we

  18. 10Name ________________________________ A Bird's-Eye Look at the Sun-Earth System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    10Name ________________________________ A Bird's-Eye Look at the Sun-Earth System Coronal Mass Ejection (CME) seen by SOHO satellite. Solar flares are powerful releases of energy in the tangled A when severe solar J______ occur. Earth counteracts this onslaught of plasma and energy by a complex

  19. BIRD MORTALITY IN THE ALTAMONT PASS WIND RESOURCE AREA 3.1 INTRODUCTION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    46 CHAPTER 3 BIRD MORTALITY IN THE ALTAMONT PASS WIND RESOURCE AREA 3.1 INTRODUCTION The approximately 5,400 wind turbines operating in the APWRA generate about 580 MW of electricity, but they also estimates in terms of mortality, without regard to local species' populations. Mortality was expressed

  20. TWO NEW TRYPANOSOMA SPECIES FROM AFRICAN BIRDS, WITH NOTES ON THE TAXONOMY OF AVIAN TRYPANOSOMES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sehgal, Ravinder

    TWO NEW TRYPANOSOMA SPECIES FROM AFRICAN BIRDS, WITH NOTES ON THE TAXONOMY OF AVIAN TRYPANOSOMES situation in species taxonomy of avian trypanosomes is discussed. We call for the redescription of valid composition of avian trypanosomes and reconstructing the taxonomy of these organisms. Species of avian

  1. Reed cutting affects arthropod communities, potentially reducing food for passerine birds

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    March 2004 Abstract Winter cutting of Common Reed Phragmites australis (Poaceae) is increasing; Habitat management 1. Introduction Monospecific stands of Common Reed Phragmites australis are widely for passerine birds. Consequently, large-scale mechanically harvested reed beds host altered ar- thropod

  2. Movements of Palearctic and Afrotropical bird species during the dry season (NovemberFebruary) within Nigeria

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Villiers, Marienne

    ­February) within Nigeria WILL CRESSWELL1, MARK BOYD2 & MATT STEVENS1 1AP Leventis Ornithological Research Institute, Jos, Nigeria & School of Biology, University of St Andrews, Fife, Scotland. wrlc@st-and.ac.uk 2Afrotropical bird species during the dry season (November­February) within Nigeria. pp. 18­28. In: Harebottle, D

  3. ORNITHOCOPROPHILOUS PLANTS OF MOUNT DESERT ROCK, A REMOTE BIRD-NESTING ISLAND IN THE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rajakaruna, Nishanta

    ORNITHOCOPROPHILOUS PLANTS OF MOUNT DESERT ROCK, A REMOTE BIRD-NESTING ISLAND IN THE GULF OF MAINE for the maintenance of plant communities (Cruden 1966; Gillham 1970; Howe and Smallwood 1982; Mulder and Keall 2001 to botanists as they often determine which plant species are dispersed and become established in such remote

  4. The Fly's Eye Extremely High Energy Cosmic Ray Spectrum D.J. Bird,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The Fly's Eye Extremely High Energy Cosmic Ray Spectrum D.J. Bird,1 S.C. Corbato,3 H.Y. Dai,3 B present our latest results on the cosmic ray energy spectrum above 1017 eV observed by Fly's Eye. Tracks detected by both eyes can be well reconstructed and therefore have very good energy resolution

  5. From Plants to Birds: Higher Avian Predation Rates in Trees Responding to Insect Herbivory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laaksonen, Toni

    From Plants to Birds: Higher Avian Predation Rates in Trees Responding to Insect Herbivory Elina Ma: An understanding of the evolution of potential signals from plants to the predators of their herbivores may provide the attraction of predators to plants is crucial to conclusions about co-evolution. For example, insectivorous

  6. SHORT COMMUNICATIONS 149 energetics of small birds. Journal of Thermal Bi-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    ­157. In C. Carey [ED.], Avian energetics and nutritional ecology. Chapman & Hall, New York. ROBINSON, D. ESHORT COMMUNICATIONS 149 energetics of small birds. Journal of Thermal Bi- ology 2. Thermoregulation and the energetic significance of clustering behavior in the White-backed Mousebird (Colius colius

  7. Was Dinosaurian Physiology Inherited by Birds? Reconciling Slow Growth in Archaeopteryx

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Inouye, Brian

    of Science, Beijing, China, 4 Department of Anatomical Sciences, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, New, China, 6 Division of Paleontology, American Museum of Natural History, New York, New York, United States). It is believed that the growth and energetic physiology of basalmost birds such as Archaeopteryx were inherited

  8. Urban damage assessment using multimodal QuickBird images and ancillary data: the Bam and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Urban damage assessment using multimodal QuickBird images and ancillary data: the Bam proved its usefulness for the crisis mitigation through situation report and damage assessment. Visual. We propose a semi-automatic damage assessment method based on a pair of very high spatial resolution

  9. Birds prefer to breed in sites with low radioactivity in Chernobyl

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mousseau, Timothy A.

    Birds prefer to breed in sites with low radioactivity in Chernobyl A. P. Møller1,* and T. A. 1988). Likewise, a recent report on the biological consequences of the accident at the Chernobyl predicted after the accident (Chernobyl Forum 2005). However, the main conclusion remaining after 20 years

  10. HumanWildlife Conflicts 3(2):186198, Fall 2009 Developing bird-strike risk assessment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , YO41 1LZ Abstract: Mineral extraction sites that are restored to open water can increase bird that attract wildlife are planned for mineral extraction sites near airports. These conflicts arises primarily-strike risk if they are planned near airports. This can generate conflict between the minerals industry

  11. HumanWildlife Interactions 5(2):235248, Fall 2011 Increasing trend of damaging bird

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , 2005; 2008; Dolbeer, unpublished data). The U.S. Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) has initiated efforts at airports because various historical analyses of bird-strike data for civil aviation have the U.S. National Wildlife Strike Database for Civil Aviation, 1990 to 2009, indicates that this tenet

  12. Cloudy Sky Version of Bird's Broadband Hourly Clear Sky Model (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Myers, D.

    2006-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Presentation on Bird's Broadband Hourly Clear Sky Model given by NREL's Daryl Myers at SOLAR 2006. The objective of this report is to produce ''all sky'' modeled hourly solar radiation. This is based on observed cloud cover data using a SIMPLE model.

  13. Abstract In migrating birds, the success of migration is determined by stopover duration, the most important

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    warblers Sylvia borin at 17 stopover sites in Europe and Africa during autumn. Average stopover duration regulate stopover duration. Keywords Stopover length · Migration strategy · Passerine birds · Capture and the wintering grounds into phases of flights and stop- overs. At good stopover sites, energy reserves are replen

  14. Similar effects of residential and non-residential vegetation on bird diversity in suburban neighbourhoods

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dawson, Jeff W.

    Similar effects of residential and non-residential vegetation on bird diversity in suburban the Queen in Right of Canada 2013 Abstract Estimating the relative importance of vegetation on residential land (gardens, yards, and street-trees) and vegetation on non-residential land (parks and other large

  15. Theory of Evolutionary Algorithms: A Birds Eye View A. E. Eibena

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rudolph, Günter

    Theory of Evolutionary Algorithms: A Birds Eye View A. E. Eibena and G. Rudolphb a Leiden Institute the readers' orientation in evolu- tionary computation theory. In the meanwhile, this survey provides key as a survival task: possible solutions compete with each other for survival (and the right to reproduce

  16. RECOVERY OF UNDERSTORY BIRD MOVEMENT ACROSS THE INTERFACE OF PRIMARY AND SECONDARY AMAZON RAINFOREST

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stouffer, Phil

    RECOVERY OF UNDERSTORY BIRD MOVEMENT ACROSS THE INTERFACE OF PRIMARY AND SECONDARY AMAZON increased with age of secondary forest for all guilds except non-forest species. Mean recovery to pre areas of secondary forest because of widespread regeneration following timber harvests, yet the value

  17. ?-adrenergic and serotoninergic control of diet-induced thermogenesis in birds.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    ?-adrenergic and serotoninergic control of diet-induced thermogenesis in birds. JF Gabarrou% in females for the same bodyweight and the same egg-mass produced. Energy balance measurements showed as the difference between fed and fasted heat production [Geraert et al (1992) Proc Nutr Soc 51, 86A]. The energy

  18. Birds of Prey and the Band-Tailed Pigeon on Isla Guadalupe, Mexico

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ... BIRDS OF PREY AND THE BAND-TAILED PIGEON ON ISLA GUADALUPE, MEXICO JUAN-PABLO GALLO-REYNOSO, Centro de Investigación en Alimentación ... nascent recovery, such studies should be encouraged. Mexico has taken a major step toward the island’s conservation by declaring ...

  19. Executive Order 13186: Responsibilities of Federal Agencies to...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    federal agencies to protect migratory birds. Published NA Year Signed or Took Effect 2001 Legal Citation EO 13186 DOI Not Provided Check for DOI availability: http:...

  20. Memorandum of Understanding, Responsibilities of Federal Agencies...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    to Protect Migratory Birds September 12, 2013 DOE and the Department of the Interior's Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) have entered into a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU)...

  1. Post-fire successional effects on breeding grassland birds in mesquite savanna habitats of the Texas rolling plains 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Stephanie L.

    2007-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

    North American grasslands and grassland birds have declined drastically due to habitat degradation by fire suppression (i.e., woody encroachment), fragmentation, and conversion to croplands. A better understanding is needed ...

  2. Some alien birds have as severe an impact as the most effectual alien mammals Sabrina Kumschick *, Wolfgang Nentwig

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    a decision tool to practitioners which supports them in finding an appropriate reaction to invasive birds. Ó campaigns can be given. A similar approach with a risk assessment analysis based on scoring was used

  3. Dopamine modulation of learning and memory in the prefrontal cortex: insights from studies in primates, rodents, and birds

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Puig, M. Victoria

    In this review, we provide a brief overview over the current knowledge about the role of dopamine transmission in the prefrontal cortex during learning and memory. We discuss work in humans, monkeys, rats, and birds in ...

  4. Climatic responses in spring migration of boreal and arctic birds in relation to wintering area and taxonomy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laaksonen, Toni

    and taxonomy Kalle Rainio, Toni Laaksonen, Markus Ahola, Anssi V. Va¨ha¨talo and Esa Lehikoinen Rainio, K of boreal and arctic birds in relation to wintering area and taxonomy. Á J. Avian Biol. 37: 507Á515. Large

  5. Integrating science, environmental education, public outreach, conservation, and capacity-building through hands-on bird ecology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tipple, Brett

    Integrating science, environmental education, public outreach, conservation, and capacity and conservation. We welcome and encourage participation by visitors to Rio Mesa in our bird banding operations environmental indicators, are relatively easy to monitor, and as charismatic flagship species, are met

  6. BURN CALORIES FREE LISTEN TO THE BIRDS CHECK OUT THE SCENERY MEET FRIENDS REDUCE YOUR CARBON FOOTPRINT FRESH AIR TAKE SHORT-CUTS FEEL THE BREEZE DISCOVER CAMPUS MAKE YOUR OWN ROUTE BURN CALORIES READ A BOOK LISTEN TO THE BIRDS CHECK OUT THE SCENERY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weiblen, George D

    A BOOK LISTEN TO THE BIRDS CHECK OUT THE SCENERY MEET FRIENDS REDUCE YOUR CARBON FOOTPRINT FRESH AIR BURN CALORIES FREE LISTEN TO THE BIRDS CHECK OUT THE SCENERY MEET FRIENDS REDUCE YOUR CARBON FOOTPRINT FRESH AIR CALORIES FREE LISTEN TO THE BIRDS CHECK OUT THE SCENERY MEET FRIENDS RE- DUCE YOUR CARBON FOOTPRINT FRESH

  7. Aquatic macroinvertebrate food resources for birds in a Texas coastal marsh

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sipocz, Andrew Vincent

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    AQUATIC MACROINVERTEBRATE FOOD RESOURCES FOR BIRDS IN A TEXAS COASTAL MARSH A Thesis by ANDREW VINCENT SIPOCZ Submitted t o the O f f i c e of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M U n i v e r s i t y i n p a r t i a l f u l f i l l m e n... t of the requirements f o r the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1993 Major Subject: W i l d l i f e and F i s h e r i e s Sciences AQUATIC MACROINVERTEBRATE FOOD RESOURCES FOR BIRDS IN A TEXAS COASTAL MARSH A Thesis by ANDREW VINCENT SIPOCZ Submitted t o Texas...

  8. Bird imagery and motif in Sean O'Casey's Dublin trilogy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Valle, Violet May Owen

    1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and bird debates of the medieval period. He reverses the usual modus of the Middle Ages, and instead of providing us with avian characters who exhibit human characteristics, he provides us with human characters who exhibit the characteristics... virtual recluse writing poetry in his room, aloof from his own people and uninvolved in the conflicts raging around him. His description of himself as "poet and poltroon" combines the two characteristics for which the nightingale is most famous. Its...

  9. Effects of cattle grazing systems on shrub-grassland birds in south Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Swanson, Douglas Wayne

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Summary of results for 1983. Table 16 Summary of results for 1984. Page 51 53 64 68 69 LIST OF FIGURES Fig. 1 Vicinity map of the Rob and Bessie Welder Wildlife Foundation Refuge, Sinton, Texas. Fig. 2 Plant communities and pastures, Welder... and Bessie Welder Wildlife Foundation offered an opportunity to compare 4 grazing systems in a single plant community with an emphasis on bird species response. It seemed desirable to investigate the ecological consequences of livestock management...

  10. The impact of land use change on migrant birds in the Sahel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adams, William M.; Small, Robert D. S.; Vickery, Juliet A.

    2014-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

    -1967 but below it between 1968-1985. In fact, the early 1970s were a period of rainfall failure and famine in the Sahel, and coincided with population declines in many of the migrant bird populations wintering in these drought-affect d dryland habitats... and grazing reserves have been subject to more intensive use (both legal and illegal). The extent of Sahelian wetlands has been reduced by the construction of dams for hydro power and irrigation. The spatial patterns of land use change and the associated...

  11. An analysis of selected bird imagery found in representative English poets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McGregor, Sally White

    1967-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    - , eaning s, rmbol itsel f. 7 "i-. . ce t'r, e poets cons'dered 3n t?is study allude to bird. i. . : bot? co tpaziso:"o s:. d literal sensory descr. "ptions, this inv'estigation follows the broad definition of imagery as language evoking a mental.... In the ?mnciple's Tale of Phoebus t'L. ld . Lis white crow! for examples t. le 0 cow! 8 tale. l+ as 8 Bongst8r i s expressed in relation to * 18 nightingale ' 8 . Ocogniced 8; il it? ~ Therwitb in al this world no nyghtyngale / i'~e koude, by an hondred...

  12. Impacts of Oil and Gas Development on Wintering Grassland Birds at Padre Island National Seashore, Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lawson, Ardath L.

    2010-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

    mudflats and other ecotypes only marginally used by grassland birds, I confined my study to only those wells located in areas dominated by interior grassland and backdune vegetation. During my study, weather conditions varied greatly from one field... but was later shut down. At the start of the second field season in 2008 a new drill rig was erected at Dunn-Peach 2 and drilling resumed for the remainder of the season. The pad for the Lemon-Lemonseed well was also constructed just prior to the start...

  13. BLM - Western BLM Bird Species of Conservation Concern List | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:EzfeedflagBiomass Conversions Inc Jump to:AurigaPlantillasInformation Bird Species of

  14. Bird Habitats

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Alamos, coupled with monitoring chronic low-level exposure to chemical releases and climate change. RELATED IMAGES http:farm8.staticflickr.com725976844696381aee0c642cs.jpg...

  15. The effects of fish density on wading bird use of sediment ponds on an East Texas coal mine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Renfrow, Donna Hubbard

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    THE EFFECTS OF FISH DENSITY ON WADING BIRD USE OF SEDIMENT PONDS ON AN EAST TEXAS COAL MINE A Thesis by DONNA HUBBARD RENFROW Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A8cM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1993 Major Subject: Wildlife and Fisheries Sciences THE EFFECTS OF FISH DENSITY ON WADING BIRD USE OF SEDIMENT PONDS ON AN EAST TEXAS COAL MINE A Thesis by DONNA HUBBARD RENFROW Submitted to Texas A&M University...

  16. National Environmental Research Institute Ministry of the Environment . Denmark

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of migratory birds during operation of Horns Rev offshore wind farm Annual status report 2004 Report of the Environment . Denmark Investigations of migratory birds during operation of Horns Rev offshore wind farm offshore wind farm 2004 Subtitle: Annual status report 2004 Authors: Thomas Kjær Christensen & Jens Peter

  17. Long-term monitoring of fleshy fruit and hard mast production and seasonal bird distribution at the Savannah River Site, South Carolina.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Greenberg, Cathryn, H.; Levey, Douglas J.

    2009-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

    A final report of Fruit and hard mast production in five habitat types at SRS with a comparison of fruit consumption by fledgling versus adult birds at SRS and Relative importance of fruit, seeds, and insects in the diets of overwintering birds at SRS.

  18. Incomes of Migratory Agricultural Workers.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sargent, Frederic O.; Metzler, William H.

    1960-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . This was despite the fact that half of them, mainly women and childre-n, were out of the labor market complete- ly at the home base. During 1956, the average earnings per worker were $781, but male heads of households averaged labor was a major source of their income. In the 446 households surveyed, there was a total...

  19. Wilson Bull., 11l(l), 1999, pp. 100-104 EFFECTS OF WIND TURBINES ON UPLAND NESTING BIRDS IN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    species. Recent re- search has indicated that raptor mortality from collisions with wind turbines variesWilson Bull., 11l(l), 1999, pp. 100-104 EFFECTS OF WIND TURBINES ON UPLAND NESTING BIRDS ABSTRACT.-Grassland passerines were surveyed during summer 1995 on the Buffalo Ridge Wind Resource Area

  20. INTEG. AND COMP. BIOL., 42:6875 (2002) Ecological and Evolutionary Physiology of Desert Birds: A Progress Report1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams, Jos. B.

    of desert environments, regions where high ambient temperature (Ta) and low water availability limits of mechanisms of energy and water conservation among species of desert rodents, which avoid temperature extremes studies that show that desert birds may have evolved specific features to deal with hot desert conditions

  1. A method for landscape analysis of forestry guidelines using bird habitat models and the Habplan harvest scheduler

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mitchell, Mike

    A method for landscape analysis of forestry guidelines using bird habitat models and the Habplan guild richness and species probability of detection. Harvested wood volume provided a measure guidelines in commercial forest enterprises and improves upon the state of the art by utilizing an optimizing

  2. A Multiplex PCR for Detection of Poxvirus and Papillomavirus in Cutaneous Warts from Live Birds and Museum Skins

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Figuerola, Jordi

    A Multiplex PCR for Detection of Poxvirus and Papillomavirus in Cutaneous Warts from Live Birds health. We present here a multiplex PCR which detects and distinguishes infection by two such agents to detect a wide range of avipox and papillomavirus types (it amplifies all three avian

  3. American Ornithologists' Union. 1983. Check-list of North American birds. 6th ed. Lawrence, KS: Allen Press; 877 p.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Standiford, Richard B.

    in Avian Biology 6: 252-261. Best, Louis B.; Whitmore, Robert C.; Booth, Gary M. 1990. Use of cornfields-99. Blake, John G. 1992. Temporal variation in point counts of birds in a low- land wet forest in Costa Rica

  4. LOCATIONS OF LIBRARY MATERIALS Syracuse University Libraries include Bird Library, Carnegie Library, and the Geology Library in Heroy Geology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McConnell, Terry

    LOCATIONS OF LIBRARY MATERIALS Syracuse University Libraries include Bird Library, Carnegie Library, and the Geology Library in Heroy Geology Laboratory. Our catalog also includes material housed in the separately administered Law Library in White Hall and the Martin Luther King Jr. Memorial Library in the Department

  5. In mammals and birds, low oxygen levels in the lungs cause a constriction of the pulmonary vasculature that increases the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Altimiras, Jordi

    In mammals and birds, low oxygen levels in the lungs cause a constriction of the pulmonary be demonstrated in denervated lungs that are devoid of external neurohumoral influences (e.g. Fishman, 1976 and ventilation by diverting pulmonary blood flow from poorly ventilated to well- ventilated regions of the lung

  6. Post-fire successional effects on breeding grassland birds in mesquite savanna habitats of the Texas rolling plains

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Stephanie L.

    2007-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

    and nesting ecology of breeding grassland birds (i.e., nest-site selection and nest success) in mesquite-dominated rangeland of the Texas Rolling Plains, where prescribed fire is used as a tool to manage shrub encroachment. Brush cover, grass cover, and visual...

  7. Coil Winding for the Series-Connected Hybrid Magnet Mark D. Bird, National High Magnetic Field Laboratory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weston, Ken

    Coil Winding for the Series-Connected Hybrid Magnet Mark D. Bird, National High Magnetic Field will produce for MagLab users magnetic fields of 36T featuring unprecedented (1ppm) homogeneity. Winding of the superconducting coil, the largest component of the magnet windings, is well underway. The superconducting coil

  8. Fuzzy Clustering in Biochemical Analysis of Cancer Cells Xiao-Ying Wang Jonathan M. Garibaldi Benjamin Bird Mike W. George

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aickelin, Uwe

    , with high death rates reported in the United Kingdom (13,000 p.a.) and the United States of America (40 Benjamin Bird Mike W. George Department of Computer Science and IT The University of Nottingham, United Kingdom Department of Chemistry The University of Nottingham, United Kingdom {xyw, jmg

  9. Aquatic macroinvertebrate food resources for birds in a Texas coastal marsh 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sipocz, Andrew Vincent

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    AQUATIC MACROINVERTEBRATE FOOD RESOURCES FOR BIRDS IN A TEXAS COASTAL MARSH A Thesis by ANDREW VINCENT SIPOCZ Submitted t o the O f f i c e of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M U n i v e r s i t y i n p a r t i a l f u l f i l l m e n... A&M U n i v e r s i t y i n p a r t i a l f u l f i l l m e n t of the requirements f o r the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE Approved as t o s t y l e and content by: M i l t o n W. W e l l e r ( C h a i r of Committee) W i l i i a m J . C l a r...

  10. Session: What have studies of communications towers suggested regarding the impact of guy wires and lights on birds and bats

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kerlinger, Paul

    2004-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This session at the Wind Energy and Birds/Bats workshop consisted of one presentation followed by a discussion/question and answer period. The paper ''Wind turbines and Avian Risk: Lessons from Communications Towers'' was given by Paul Kerlinger. The presenter outlined lessons that have been learned from research on communications (not cell) towers and about the impacts of guy wires and lights on birds and bats and how they could be useful to wind energy developers. The paper also provided specific information about a large 'fatality' event that occurred at the Mountaineer, WC wind energy site in May 2003, and a table of Night Migrant Carcass search findings for various wind sites in the US.

  11. Environmental effects of dredging: Building, developing, and managing dredged material islands for bird habitat. Technical note

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Landin, M.C.

    1986-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This note describes the environmental considerations and techniques that have been developed and tested for building, developing, and managing dredged material islands for use by birds for nesting and other life requirements. The text of this note was taken from lectures presented from 1979 to 1986 at the Dredging Short Courses held each year by the Texas AM University Center for Dredging Studies and from information compiled for Engineer Manual EM 1110-2-5026 entitled `Beneficial Uses of Dredged Material.` One hundred years of dredging and open-water disposal operations by the Corps of Engineers (CE), state agencies, and private enterprise has resulted in the creation of over 2000 man-made islands throughout US coastal waters, riverine waterways, and the Great Lakes. The CE continues to maintain an interest in developing such islands because of its responsibility in using environmentally acceptable disposal methods and sites, the increasing shortage of upland disposal sites, the need for wildlife habitats in waterway areas, and the islands` recreational potential.

  12. Cumulative impact assessments and bird/wind farm interactions: Developing a conceptual framework

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Masden, Elizabeth A., E-mail: e.masden.1@research.gla.ac.u [Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, G12 8QQ (United Kingdom) and Boyd Orr Centre for Population and Ecosystem Health, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, G12 8QQ (United Kingdom); Fox, Anthony D., E-mail: tfo@dmu.d [Department of Wildlife Ecology and Biodiversity, National Environmental Research Institute, University of Aarhus, Kalo, Grenavej 14, 8410 Ronde (Denmark); Furness, Robert W., E-mail: r.furness@bio.gla.ac.u [Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, G12 8QQ (United Kingdom); Bullman, Rhys, E-mail: rhys.bullman@rpsgroup.co [Scottish Natural Heritage, The Beta Centre, Innovation Park, University of Stirling, Stirling FK9 4NF (United Kingdom); Haydon, Daniel T., E-mail: d.haydon@bio.gla.ac.u [Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, G12 8QQ (United Kingdom); Boyd Orr Centre for Population and Ecosystem Health, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, G12 8QQ (United Kingdom)

    2010-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The wind power industry has grown rapidly in the UK to meet EU targets of sourcing 20% of energy from renewable sources by 2020. Although wind power is a renewable energy source, there are environmental concerns over increasing numbers of wind farm proposals and associated cumulative impacts. Individually, a wind farm, or indeed any action, may have minor effects on the environment, but collectively these may be significant, potentially greater than the sum of the individual parts acting alone. EU and UK legislation requires a cumulative impact assessment (CIA) as part of Environmental Impact Assessments (EIA). However, in the absence of detailed guidance and definitions, such assessments within EIA are rarely adequate, restricting the acquisition of basic knowledge about the cumulative impacts of wind farms on bird populations. Here we propose a conceptual framework to promote transparency in CIA through the explicit definition of impacts, actions and scales within an assessment. Our framework requires improved legislative guidance on the actions to include in assessments, and advice on the appropriate baselines against which to assess impacts. Cumulative impacts are currently considered on restricted scales (spatial and temporal) relating to individual development EIAs. We propose that benefits would be gained from elevating CIA to a strategic level, as a component of spatially explicit planning.

  13. COLUMBIA RIVER TREATY ENTITY AGREEMENT ON THE

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AGREEMENT (10NTSSA) The Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) and the British Columbia Hydro and Power Authority (B.C. Hydro) have signed an agreement relating to the use of...

  14. COLUMBIA RIVER TREATY ENTITY AGREEMENT ON THE

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AGREEMENT (09NTSSA) The Bonneville Power Administration @PA) and the British Columbia Hydro and Power Authority (B.C. Hydro) have signed an agreement relating to the use of...

  15. COLUMBIA RIVER TREATY ENTITY AGREEMENT ON THE

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AGREEMENT (1 1NTSSA) The Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) and the British Columbia Hydro and Power Authority (B.C. Hydro) have signed an agreement relating to the use of...

  16. COLUMBIA RIVER TREATY ENTITY AGREEMENT ON THE

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AGREEMENT (12NTSSA) The Bonneville Power Administration (BP A) and the British Columbia Hydro and Power Authority (B.C. Hydro) have signed an agreement relating to the use of...

  17. treaty verification | National Nuclear Security Administration

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over OurThe Iron4 Self-Scrubbing:,, ,Development1U C L E A R Etest andW HA.7Weak

  18. United States Entity Columbia River Treaty

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over OurThe Iron SpinPrinceton Plasma Physics Lab Unique PPPL-ledStates

  19. COLUMBIA RIVER TREATY ENTITY AGREEMENT ON THE

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office511041clothAdvanced Materials Advanced. C o w l i t z C o . C l a r kiVP-^"^^? COLUMBIA RADIATION09

  20. COLUMBIA RIVER TREATY ENTITY AGREEMENT ON THE

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office511041clothAdvanced Materials Advanced. C o w l i t z C o . C l a r kiVP-^"^^? COLUMBIA RADIATION0910

  1. COLUMBIA RIVER TREATY ENTITY AGREEMENT ON THE

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office511041clothAdvanced Materials Advanced. C o w l i t z C o . C l a r kiVP-^"^^? COLUMBIA RADIATION0910

  2. COLUMBIA RIVER TREATY ENTITY AGREEMENT ON THE

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office511041clothAdvanced Materials Advanced. C o w l i t z C o . C l a r kiVP-^"^^? COLUMBIA

  3. Enlisting the support of the Texas birding community into the wildlife management process, with comparisons to Texas waterfowl hunters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leifester, Jason Andrew

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . For example, habitat damage and disturbance of wildlife often occur due to the actions of large numbers of birders in pursuit of a new or rare species (Wilkes 1977; Boyle and Samson 1985). These activities bear resemblance to consumptive use of wildlife... in their overall effect on habitats. Other actions of recreational birders are much like hunters. Birders stalk their quarry. Many birders also keep lists of the species they have identified. When new birds are seen, they are added to the birders' lists...

  4. Jeffrey F. Kelly Peer-Reviewed Publications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kelly, Jeff

    , T Piersma, A Saveliev. In Review. Reconstruction of bird movements from solar geolocation archival tags. In Review. Restoration practices have positive effects on breeding bird species of concern in the Chihuahuan to track small migratory birds. Journal of Field Ornithology 48 Contina, A, ES. Bridge, NS Seavy, JM

  5. Bird Risk Behaviors and Fatalities at the Altamont Pass Wind Resource Area: Period of Performance, March 1998--December 2000

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Thelander, C. G.; Smallwood, K. S.; Rugge, L.

    2003-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    It has been documented that wind turbine operations at the Altamont Pass Wind Resource Area kill large numbers of birds of multiple species, including raptors. We initiated a study that integrates research on bird behaviors, raptor prey availability, turbine design, inter-turbine distribution, landscape attributes, and range management practices to explain the variation in avian mortality at two levels of analysis: the turbine and the string of turbines. We found that inter-specific differences in intensities of use of airspace within close proximity did not explain the variation in mortality among species. Unique suites of attributes relate to mortality of each species, so species-specific analyses are required to understand the factors that underlie turbine-caused fatalities. We found that golden eagles are killed by turbines located in the canyons and that rock piles produced during preparation of the wind tower laydown areas related positively to eagle mortality, perhaps due to the use of these rock piles as cover by desert cottontails. Other similar relationships between fatalities and environmental factors are identified and discussed. The tasks remaining to complete the project are summarized.

  6. Research staff at the USGS Patuxent Wildlife Research Center began studying the effects of crude oil and petroleum products on birds in the late 1970's under a grant from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Torgersen, Christian

    oil and petroleum products on birds in the late 1970's under a grant from the U.S. Environmental products, can vary greatly in their composition and toxicity. Q: How do birds become exposed to oil? A: All: Avian embryos, especially very young ones, are very sensitive to crude oil and refined petroleum

  7. Final Report of the Mid-Atlantic Marine Wildlife Surveys, Modeling...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Population and Habitat Assessment Branch, Division of Migratory Bird Management, U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service. Veit R.R., T.P. White, M. Martin, and M.J. Steinkamp. 2010. At-Sea...

  8. Ecology, 89(4), 2008, pp. 928934 2008 by the Ecological Society of America

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bermingham, Eldredge

    BICHIER,2 NICHOLAS A. BARBER,3 KAILEN A. MOONEY,4 AND DANIEL S. GRUNER 5,8 1 Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, Unit 0948, APO, AA 34002 USA 2 Smithsonian Migratory Bird Center, National Zoological Park

  9. University of Toronto National Biology Competition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toronto, University of

    . Which of the following species would most likely show the greatest increase in mortality rate because of the introduction of a new road? a. Migratory birds b. Humans c. Trees whose pollen and seeds are dispersed by wind

  10. Received 6 September 2002 Accepted 12 November 2002

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Box 50 007, SE-104 05 Stockholm, Sweden Bird migration requires high energy expenditure, and long in southeast Sweden and exposed to a magnetic treatment simulating a migratory flight to northern Egypt

  11. Oglesbee Residence 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Raiford Stripling Associates, Inc.; Stripling, Raiford L.

    1972-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Humans and horses are infected with West Nile Encephalitis after being bitten by mosquitoes that transmit the virus. Migratory birds are thought to be responsible for the introduction of the virus into new areas. This publication explains...

  12. Spatial analysis of West Nile Virus and predictors of hyperendemicity in the Texas equine industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wittich, Courtney Anne

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    possible environmental factors associated with outbreaks. Locations in close proximity to lakes, bird breeding routes, migratory flyway zones, crop farm and agricultural land, and all dense vegetation were found to be important environmental predictors...

  13. Poison Frog Colors Are Honest Signals of Toxicity, Particularly for Bird Predators. Author(s): Martine E. Maan and Molly E. Cummings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cummings, Molly E.

    Poison Frog Colors Are Honest Signals of Toxicity, Particularly for Bird Predators. Author://www.jstor.org #12;vol. 179, no. 1 the american naturalist january 2012 E-Article Poison Frog Colors Are Honest-polymorphic strawberry poison frog, Dendrobates pumilio. Using a mouse-based toxicity assay, we find extreme variation

  14. DIVERSITY AND PHYLOGENETIC RELATIONSHIPS OF HEMOSPORIDIAN PARASITES IN BIRDS OF SOCORRO ISLAND, M EXICO, AND THEIR ROLE IN THE RE-INTRODUCTION OF

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sehgal, Ravinder

    , Juan E. Mart´inez-Go´mez*, Gediminas Valki"unas, Claire Loiseau, Douglas A. Bell, and Ravinder N. M of the concentration of critically endangered bird species (Mart´inez-Go´ mez and Curry, 1996; Mart´inez-Go´ mez et al., 2001; Mart´inez-Go´ mez and Jacobsen, 2004; Mart´inez-Go´ mez et al., 2010). Socorro Island

  15. Webinar on Improving Methods for Estimating Fatality of Birds and Bats at Wind Energy Facilities 10Noon Pacific Wednesday, September 26, 2012

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Webinar on Improving Methods for Estimating Fatality of Birds and Bats at Wind Energy Facilities 10 results from a California Wind Energy Association (CalWEA)sponsored, California Energy Commissionfunded associated with wind energy facilities, including an improved equation developed to adjust mortality

  16. aan ekerciolu at a bird-banding station he set up in Aras, a small village near Turkey's closely monitored border with Armenia. letter from turkey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alvarado, Alejandro Sánchez

    Ã?aan ekerciolu at a bird-banding station he set up in Aras, a small village near Turkey's closely monitored border with Armenia. letter from turkey NAturAl HIStorIeS A journey in the shadow of Ararat. By el as space. In Orhan Pamuk's novel "Snow," a writer called Ka returns to Turkey after twelve years

  17. FLOW SOURCES AND FORMATION LAWS OF SOLAR WIND N. A. LOTOVA1, V. N. OBRIDKO1, K. V. VLADIMIRSKII2, M. K. BIRD3 and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Padmanabhan, Janardhan

    FLOW SOURCES AND FORMATION LAWS OF SOLAR WIND STREAMS N. A. LOTOVA1, V. N. OBRIDKO1, K. V. VLADIMIRSKII2, M. K. BIRD3 and P. JANARDHAN3, 1IZMIRAN, Troitsk, Moscow Region, 142190, Russia (e-mail: nlotova structure of the solar wind flow is studied in the main acceleration zone from 10 to 40 solar radii from

  18. Large-scale features affect spatial variation in seed dispersal by birds in juniper1 Jos L. Tellera Luis M. Carrascal Toms Santos3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carrascal, Luis M.

    · pellet rain ·38 seed dispersal · Turdus sp.39 40 Introduction41 Fruit production is a common evolutionary. This paper studies the spatial variation in24 seeds regurgitated within pellets by wintering thrushes (G gradient during two26 winters of contrasting cone and bird abundance. It explicitly explores whether pellet

  19. 36 selected citations from Petroleum: An Annotated Bibliography on Petroleum Pollution Chabreck, R. H. 1973. Bird usage of marsh ponds subjected to oil spills. Proceedings of the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Torgersen, Christian

    36 selected citations from Petroleum: An Annotated Bibliography on Petroleum Pollution Chabreck, R period. Data on bird usage, plants, invertebrates, fish, and oil in sediments and water. The petroleum and calculated LC50s Anderson, R. D. 1975. Petroleum hydrocarbons and oyster resources of Galveston Bay, Texas

  20. Early Birds, Night Owls,and Tireless/Recurring Itinerants: An Exploratory Analysis of Extreme Transit Behaviors in Beijing, China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Long, Ying; Zhou, Jiangping; Chai, Yanwei

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper seeks to understand extreme public transit riders in Beijing using both traditional household survey and emerging new data sources such as Smart Card Data (SCD). We focus on four types of extreme transit behaviors: public transit riders who (1) travel significantly earlier than average riders (the 'early birds'); (2) ride in unusual late hours (the 'night owls'); and (3) commute in excessively long distance (the 'tireless itinerants'); (4) travel over frequently in a day (the 'recurring itinerants). SCD are used to identify the spatiotemporal patterns of these three extreme transit behaviors. In addition, household survey data are employed to supplement the socioeconomic background and provide a tentative profiling of extreme travelers. While the research findings are useful to guide urban governance and planning in Beijing, the methods developed in this paper can be applied to understand travel patterns elsewhere.

  1. Concentrations of trace and other elements in the organs of wild rats and birds from the Northern Guinea savanna of Nigeria

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kapu, M.M.; Schaeffer, D.J. (Univ. of Illinois, Urbana (United States)); Akanya, H.O. (Federal Univ. of Technology, Minna (Nigeria)); Ega, R.A.; Olofu, E.O.; Balarabe, M.L. (Ahmadu Bello Univ., Zaria (Nigeria)); Chafe, U.M. (Usmanu Danfodiyo Univ., Sokota (Nigeria))

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In regions of human activities, where metal enter local aquatic ecosystems from the atmosphere and through wastewater outfalls, metal concentrations in food chains can exceed natural background levels and be above the threshold levels for sensitive species. Accordingly, metal levels in the organs and tissues of livestock and wildlife have been extensively studied. However, there are no reports of metal concentrations in the organs and tissues of wild animals from the Northern Guinea savanna of Nigeria. The mole rat (Africanthus niloticus, L) and village weaver bird (Ploceus cucullatus, L) contribute significantly to farm crop losses from sowing to harvest. Because there are no industries capable of causing metal contamination in the study area, the present study was undertaken to determine the natural baseline levels of metals for wild rats and birds from this environment.

  2. Effects of pelleting, dietary protein, energy, and calcium level and intermittent antibiotic supplementation on summer feed consumption and performance of fall-hatched birds

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fowler, John Clemons

    1967-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    EFFECTS OF PELLET1NG, DIETARY PRO'TEIN, ENERGY, AND CALCIUM LEVEL AND INTERMITTENT ANTIBIOTIC SUPPLEMENTATION ON SUMMER FEED CONSUMPTION AND PERFORMANCE OF FALL -. HATCHED BIRDS A Thesis By John Clemons Fowler Submitted to '. he Graduate... College of the Texas A8? Universi y in partial fi lfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1967 Major Subject Poultry Science EFFECTS OF PELLETING, DIETARY PROTEIN, ENERGY, AND CALCIUM LEVEL AND INTERMITTENT...

  3. Please cite this article in press as: A.P. Mller, et al., High frequency of albinism and tumours in free-living birds around Chernobyl, Mutat. Res.: Genet. Toxicol. Environ. Mutagen. (2013), http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.mrgentox.2013.04.019

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mousseau, Timothy A.

    in free-living birds around Chernobyl, Mutat. Res.: Genet. Toxicol. Environ. Mutagen. (2013), http.elsevier.com/locate/mutres High frequency of albinism and tumours in free-living birds around Chernobyl A.P. Møllera, , A Keywords: Albinism Chernobyl Population decline Radiation Tumours a b s t r a c t The effects

  4. A golden anniversary for space-based treaty verification

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    enabled serendipitous discoveries of remarkable natural phenomena such as cosmic gamma-ray bursts, X-ray novae and solar wind composition. Modern space-based verification systems...

  5. Nuclear proliferation and testing: A tale of two treaties

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Corden, Pierce S.; Hafemeister, David

    2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Despite progress in reducing stockpiles after the end of the Cold War, the disturbing actions of some nations could spread nuclear weapon capabilities and enlarge existing arsenals.

  6. A neutron source imaging detector for nuclear arms treaty verification

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sailor, W.C.; Byrd, R.C.; Gavron, A.; Hammock, R. (Los Alamos National Lab., Los Alamos, NM (US)); Yariv, Y. (Sorequ Nuclear Research Center, Yavne 70600 (IL))

    1991-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper a detector design that is capable of finding the image of neutron sources within a nuclear missile is discussed. The method involves the double scatter of a neutron in an array of organic scintillator elements and the partial reconstruction of the incident neutron direction vector from the information the array provides. The Monte Carlo simulation results for a basic design and several modifications are presented. The results of an experimental demonstration of the technique using a crude prototype detector are given. Problems expected in a real application are discussed.

  7. Atoms for peace and the nonproliferation treaty: unintended consequences

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Streeper, Charles Blamires [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In April 2009, President Obama revived nonproliferation and arms control efforts with a speech calling for the worldwide abolition of nuclear weapons. His speech correctly acknowledged the threat of nuclear terrorism and the vulnerabilities of the related unsecure nuclear materials. Unfortunately, the president did not mention and has not mentioned in any speech the threat posed by at-risk radiological materials. Nonproliferation efforts have a well documented history of focus on special nuclear materials (fissionable weapons usable materials or SNM), and other key materials (chemical and biological) and technologies for a Weapon of Mass Destruction (WMD). Such intense focus on WMD related materials/technologies is essential for international safety and security and merit continued attention and funding. However, the perception that radioactive sealed sources (sources) are of less concern than WMD is unfortunate. These perceptions are based solely on the potentially enormous and tragic consequences associated with their deliberate or accidental misuse and proliferation concerns. However, there is a documented history of overemphasis on the nuclear threat at the expense of ignoring the far more likely and also devastating chemical and biological threats. The radiological threat should not be minimized or excluded from policy discussions and decisions on these far ranging scopes of threat to the international community. Sources have a long history of use; and a wider distribution worldwide than fissile materials. Pair this with their broad ranges in isotopes/activities along with scant national and international attention and mechanisms for their safe and secure management and it is not difficult to envision a deadly threat. Arguments that minimize or divert attention away from sources may have the effect of distracting necessary policy attention on preventing/mitigating a radiological dispersal event. The terrorist attacks on 9/11 should be a clear reminder of the inherent danger of diminishing or dismissing lower-level threats in exchange for enhanced focus on high priority special nuclear materials with the basis for this emphasis being solely on the magnitude of the consequences of a single event. Mitigating all possible or likely terrorist attacks is impossible; however, weaponized sources, in the form of a radiological dispersal device, have been a declared target material of Al-Qaida. Eisenhower's Atoms for Peace initiative promoted the spread of the paradoxical beneficial yet destructive properties of the atom. Typically, the focus of nonproliferation efforts focuses on the fissile materials associated with Weapons of Mass Destruction, with less emphasis on radioactive materials that could be used for a Weapon of Mass Disruption. Most nonproliferation policy discussion involves securing or preventing the diversion of weapons grade fissile materials (uranium (U) with concentration of over 90% of the isotope {sup 235}U (HEU) and plutonium with more than 90% of the isotope {sup 239}Pu), with scant attention given to the threat posed by a prolific quantity of sources spread worldwide. Further acerbating the problem of inattention, it appears that the momentum of the continued evolution in the beneficial applications of sources will only increase in the near future. Several expert studies have demonstrated on the potentially devastating economic, psychological and public health impacts of terrorist use of a radiological dispersal or radiation emitting device (ROD/RED) in a metropolis. The development of such a weapon, from the acquisition of the radioactive material to the technical knowledge needed to fashion it into an ROD, is many orders of magnitude easier than diverting enough fissile material for and fabrication/acquisition of a nuclear weapon. Unlike nuclear weapons, worldwide, there are many well documented accounts of accidental and purposeful diversions of radioactive materials from regulatory control. As of the end of 2008, the International Atomic Energy Agency's (IAEA) Illicit Trafficking Database had logge

  8. Xenon monitoring and the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bowyer, Theodore W. [Nuclear Explosion Monitoring Program, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, Washington 99352 (United States)

    2014-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

    How do you monitor (verify) a CTBT? It is a difficult challenge to monitor the entire world for nuclear tests, regardless of size. Nuclear tests 'normally' occur underground, above ground or underwater. Setting aside very small tests (let's limit our thinking to 1 kiloton or more), nuclear tests shake the ground, emit large amounts of radioactivity, and make loud noises if in the atmosphere (or hydroacoustic waves if underwater)

  9. arms control treaty: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    mechanical arm control system and some of the lines of thought which led to this design. In particular, the paper discusses the basic systme required in order for the arm to...

  10. arms control treaties: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    mechanical arm control system and some of the lines of thought which led to this design. In particular, the paper discusses the basic systme required in order for the arm to...

  11. Testimony Before the Senate Armed Services Committee, New START Treaty

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA groupTuba City,EnrichedSupplemental Directives | National NuclearTen-Year

  12. Limited Test Ban Treaty Signed | National Nuclear Security Administration

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA groupTubahq.na.govSecurity Administration Leader, LosSigned | National

  13. Senate Rejects Test Ban Treaty | National Nuclear Security Administration

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA Approved: 5-13-14 FEDERALAmerica HighSTARTOperations /Senate Rejects Test Ban

  14. Columbia River Treaty Review #2 - April 2009.indd

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office511041clothAdvanced Materials Advanced. C o w l i tCollaboration MarchCanadian and United States

  15. A golden anniversary for space-based treaty verification

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOnItemResearch >InternshipDepartmentNeutrino-Induced Charged-CurrentN NA golden

  16. Limited Test Ban Treaty | National Nuclear Security Administration

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA Approved:Administration SandiaAdministration NewsAdministrator |Life|

  17. 83www.acschemicalbiology.org VOL.3 NO.2 ACS CHEMICAL BIOLOGY In the hopes of avoiding a pandemic in humans by the deadly bird flu virus, intense efforts to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sasisekharan, Ram

    in humans by the deadly bird flu virus, intense efforts to determine the molecular features responsible for species-specific infection are underway. A key step in the process by which influenza A viruses infect on the surface of host epithelial cells. Now, Chandrasekaran et al. (Nat. Biotechnol. 2008, 26, 107-113) report

  18. PD AVIAN FORM 01 (May 2014) All Requested Data Must Be Provided Page 1 of 2 Please use the avian necropsy submission form if for diagnostic necropsy/analysis on birds or tissues.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Omiecinski, Curtis

    Store Hauler Live Bird Market (At Market) Passive Surveillance Truck/Crate Wash Wholesaler Production8 LCD EGG QC Other Pullet House Name Layer House Destination Regulatory Investigation / Disease Premises Identification Number Flock ID/Name/House #/Floor #/Pen # or Q # Address City, State, Zip Phone

  19. Abundance, Distribution and Estimated Consumption (kg fish) of Piscivorous Birds Along the Yakima River, Washington State; Implications for Fisheries Management, 2002 Annual Report.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Major, III, Walter; Grassley, James M.; Ryding, Kristen E. (University of Washington, Quantitive Ecology Program, Seattle, WA)

    2003-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report is divided into two chapters. The abstract for chapter one is--Understanding of the abundance and spatial and temporal distributions of piscivorous birds and their potential consumption of fish is an increasingly important aspect of fisheries management. During 1999-2002, we determined the abundance and distribution and estimated the maximum consumption (kg biomass) of fish-eating birds along the length of the Yakima River in Washington State. Sixteen different species were observed during the 4-yr study, but only half of those were observed during all years. Abundance and estimated consumption of fish within the upper and middle sections of the river were dominated by common mergansers (Mergus merganser) which are known to breed in those reaches. Common mergansers accounted for 78 to 94% of the estimated total fish take for the upper river or approximately 28,383 {+-} 1,041 kg over the 4 yrs. A greater diversity of avian piscivores occurred in the lower river and potential impacts to fish populations was more evenly distributed among the species. In 1999-2000, great blue herons potentially accounted for 29 and 36% of the fish consumed, whereas in 2001-2002 American white pelicans accounted for 53 and 55%. We estimated that approximately 75,878 {+-} 6,616 kg of fish were consumed by piscivorous birds in the lower sections of the river during the study. Bird assemblages differed spatially along the river with a greater abundance of colonial nesting species within the lower sections of the river, especially during spring and the nesting season. The abundance of avian piscivores and consumption estimates are discussed within the context of salmonid supplementation efforts on the river and juvenile out-migration. The abstract for chapter two is--Consumption of fish by piscivorous birds may be a significant constraint on efforts to enhance salmonid populations within tributaries to the Columbia River in Washington State. During 1999-2002, we determined the abundance of fish-eating birds, primarily ring-billed (Larus delawarensis) and California (L. californicus) gulls and monitored their behavior at two man-made structures within the Yakima River in eastern Washington: Horn Rapids Dam, a low-head irrigation dam, and the return pipe for the Chandler Juvenile Fish Handling Facility. Earlier observations of congregations of gulls at these structures suggested an increased likelihood of predation of out-migrating juvenile salmonids. We estimated the number of fish consumed and examined the relationship between river flow and gull numbers and fish taken. Numbers of gulls at the structures varied daily between their arrival in Late March-early April and departure in late June (mean ({+-}SE) - Horn Rapids: 11.7 ({+-}2.0), Chandler: 20.1 ({+-}1.5) ). During the 4-yr study, numbers at Horn Rapids peaked dramatically during the last 2 weeks in May (between 132.9 ({+-}4.2) to 36.6 ({+-}2.2) gulls/day) and appeared to the associated with the release of > 1-mil hatchery juvenile fall chinook (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) above the 2 study sites. A comparable peak in gull abundance was not observed at Chandler. Diurnal patterns of gull abundance also varied among years and sites. The relationship between foraging efficiency and gull numbers was not consistent among years or sites. Gull numbers were not correlated with river flow when year was considered. However, variations in flow among years appeared to be associated with average gull numbers at each site, but trends were not consistent between sites. Low seasonal flows were associated with increased predation at Chandler, whereas high seasonal flows were associated with increased predation at Horn Rapids. Assuming all fish taken were salmonids, we estimate gulls consumed between 0.1-10.3 % of the juvenile salmonids passing or being released from the Chandler Juvenile Fish Monitoring Facility located above the two structures. Staggered releases of hatchery fish, nocturnal releases of fish entrained in the Chandler facility, changes in the orientation of the outflow from the f

  20. A morphological comparison of the eyes of some falconiform and passeriform birds with special reference to: Passer domesticus, Mimus polyglottos, Sturnella magna, Falco sparverius, Cathartes aura, and Buteo jamaicensis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lord, Rexford D

    1953-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    on the annular pad of the lens of birds' eyes. rane (1~) cade 0 furthsr Study of the bootes snd Oonolu- ded that tho pooteu ic not derived from the choroid (as had been pre viously believed) and that it ie an intraocular sense organ and is concerned... of fsloonifora birds, X ef' s boriaont;. 2 meet%, . 'r~, 5ees&;l~ gg m?, 4m~ pox'~i~&p ef; the aye ~ 4amQea ieh~4aa eaNa eue ~ xamMe 2Qhc. M~aLu ~4 qgo ++ X eye gf g4t 4~~~ 8y6 'Nip"~s 6~ 4 4+8 Vy'P "Qpp'. ' y Cps ~ pad cv Rect C X - Keie X4fo...

  1. A survey of endangered waterbirds on Maui and Oahu and assessment of potential impacts to waterbirds from the proposed Hawaii Geothermal Project transmission corridor. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Evans, K.; Woodside, D.; Bruegmann, M. [Fish and Wildlife Service, Honolulu, HI (United States). Pacific Islands Office

    1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A survey of endangered waterbirds on Maui and Oahu was conducted during August and September 1993 to identify potential waterbird habitats within the general area of the proposed Hawaii Geothermal Project transmission corridor and to assess the potential impacts to endangered waterbird of installing and operating a high voltage transmission line from the Island of Hawaii to the islands of Oahu and Maui. Annual waterbird survey information and other literature containing information on specific wetland sites were summarized. Literature describing impacts of overhead transmission lines on birds was used to evaluate potential impacts of the proposed project on endangered waterbirds, resident wading birds, and migratory shorebirds and waterfowl. On Oahu, five wetland habitats supporting endangered Hawaiian waterbirds were identified within 2.5 miles of the proposed transmission line corridor. On Maui, three wetland habitats supporting endangered Hawaiian waterbirds were identified within the general area of the proposed transmission line corridor. Several of the wetlands identified on Oahu and Maui also supported resident wading birds and migratory shorebirds and waterfowl. Endangered waterbirds, resident wading birds, and migratory birds may collide with the proposed transmission lines wires. The frequency and numbers of bird collisions is expected to be greater on Oahu than on Maui because more wetland habitat exists and greater numbers of birds occur in the project area on Oahu. In addition, the endangered Hawaiian goose and the endangered Hawaiian petrel may be impacted by the proposed segment of the Hawaii Geothermal Project transmission line on Maui.

  2. NATURE|Vol 435|26 May 2005 AVIAN FLU COMMENTARY he emergence of the highly pathogenic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cai, Long

    's Gen- Bank database. Six months later, the sequences of 150 human H3N2 isolates had been deter- mined and made available. Information now deposited in GenBank from various sources includes sequences of 110 in the generation and maintenance of the virus, with migratory birds possibly contributing to the spread

  3. Migrating Songbirds Recalibrate Their Magnetic Compass Daily

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Murphy, Troy G.

    Migrating Songbirds Recalibrate Their Magnetic Compass Daily from Twilight Cues William W. Cochran, the same individuals migrated northward again. We suggest that birds orient with a magnetic compass­3) after a voyage of up to 25,000 km (4, 5). Migratory songbirds can orient on the basis of compass

  4. Econometrics: A Bird's Eye View

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Geweke, John; Horowitz, Joel; Pesaran, M Hashem

    cycle of about 7—11 years duration, commonly known as the Juglar cycle. Other economists such as Kitchin, Kuznets and Kondratieff followed Juglar’s lead and discovered the inventory cycle (3—5 years duration), the building cy- cle (15—25 years duration...

  5. Cosmology: a bird's eye view

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alan A. Coley; Sigbjorn Hervik; Woei Chet Lim

    2006-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    In this essay we discuss the difference in views of the Universe as seen by two different observers. While one of the observers follows a geodesic congruence defined by the geometry of the cosmological model, the other observer follows the fluid flow lines of a perfect fluid with a linear equation of state. We point out that the information these observers collect regarding the state of the Universe can be radically different; while one observes a non-inflating ever-expanding ever-lasting universe, the other observer can experience a dynamical behaviour reminiscent to that of quintessence or even that of a phantom cosmology leading to a 'big rip' singularity within finite time (but without the need for exotic forms of matter).

  6. NREL: Energy Analysis - Lori Bird

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Saleshttp://www.fnal.gov/directorate/nalcal/nalcal02_07_05_files/nalcal.gifNRELPower SystemsDebbieJessicaLiz Torres Photo of

  7. Cobia, Rachycentron canadum, are large, migratory, coastal pelagic fish

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ), where they range from Key West, Florida, along the entire coast to Campeche, Mexico (Dawson, 1971), R

  8. Cape Fear River Basin Action Plan for Migratory Fish

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    those built to produce hydroelectric power and store drinking water, which block fish from returning

  9. air reduce migratory: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    2011-01-01 17 Technology and policy options for reducing industrial air pollutants in the Mexico City Metropolitan Area MIT - DSpace Summary: Technology plays an important role in...

  10. Biocomplexity in a highly migratory pelagic marine fish, Atlantic herring

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ruzzante, Daniel E.

    , Denmark 4 Tja¨rno¨ Marine Biological Laboratory, Department of Marine Ecology, Go¨teborg University, Stro¨mstad

  11. EXPOSURE OF MIGRATORY SHOREBIRDS TO ORGANOPHOSPHORUS AND CARBMATE PESTICIDES AT MIGRATORY STOPOVER AND NON-BREEDING SITES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sandercock, Brett K.

    -breasted Sandpipers and other upland shorebirds are particularly likely to encounter agrochemicals due

  12. Columbia River Treaty Review - History and 2014/2024 Review Brochure

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    served as a model of international cooperation since 1964, bringing signifi cant fl ood control and power generation benefi ts to both countries. Either Canada or the United...

  13. Explaining ratification of human rights treaties : signaling for aid during regional crises

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Heather Michelle

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    in the Krajina region of Croatia 1990-91,” Eds. Jan KoehlerIn southwestern Europe, Croatia, Bosnia, Macedonia, Serbiainclude: Belarus, Romania, Croatia, Bosnia, Macedonia,

  14. Competing for Capital: The Diffusion of Bilateral Investment Treaties, 1960-2000

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elkins, Zachary; Guzman, Andrew T; Simmons, Beth

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2000), India (2001) and Croatia (2001) initiated mini-and Zimbabwe. Thailand-Zimbabwe, Thailand-Croatia, Thailand-Iran, Zimbabwe-Croatia, Zimbabwe-Sri Lanka, Croatia- Iran,

  15. E-Print Network 3.0 - adjunct on-site treaty Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ; Engineering 2 Search All NYTimes.com Environment Summary: Solutions www.Nexamp.com Free Solar Panel Quote Incentives Make Solar Solutions Cheap. Get an On-site Quote... their...

  16. Explaining ratification of human rights treaties : signaling for aid during regional crises

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Heather Michelle

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Economic Reforms in Kazakhstan, Kyrgyz Republic, Tajikistan,2001a. “The Economy of Kazakhstan,” in Central Asia:In September of 1993 Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan,

  17. Competing for Capital: The Diffusion of Bilateral Investment Treaties, 1960-2000

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elkins, Zachary; Guzman, Andrew T; Simmons, Beth

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Zimbabwe-Sri Lanka, Croatia- Iran, Thailand Kazakhstan,Zimbabwe-Kazakhstan,Croatia-Kazakhstan. Sweden also participated and concluded a

  18. Explaining ratification of human rights treaties : signaling for aid during regional crises

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Heather Michelle

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    483. Anderson, John. 1999. Kyrgyzstan: Central Asia’s IslandUnderstanding Politics in Kyrgyzstan,” Demstar Researchin Central Asia: Elections in Kyrgyzstan 1989-1990,” Europe-

  19. The Department of Energy`s Comprehensive Test Bank Treaty Research and Development Program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Simons, D.; Stump, B. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Breding, D.; Casey, L. [Dept. of Energy, Washington, DC (United States); Walker, L. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Zucca, J.; Harris, D.; Hannon, J.; Denny, M.; Patton, H. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States)] [and others

    1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The U.S. DOE sponsored research investigating atmospheric infrasound as a means of detecting both atmospheric and underground nuclear tests. Various detection schemes were examined and were found to be effective for different situations. It has been discovered that an enhanced sensitivity is realizable for the very lowest frequency disturbances by detecting the infrasound at the top of the atmosphere using radio sound techniques. These techniques are compared to more traditional measurement schemes.

  20. Climate-Change Treaties: A Game-Theoretic Approach Stern School, New York University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zeeman, Mary Lou

    to global warming, as of 2005. : 1. Average global surface temperatures have risen by 0.6C in the last 140 on as we are, by 2100 global sea levels will probably have risen by 9 to 88cm and average temperatures, 2008 2 / 26 #12;() January 2, 2008 3 / 26 #12;Global warming (or global climate change) is a "tragedy

  1. The moral implications of the subversion of the Nonproliferation Treaty regime

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Doyle, Thomas

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    exports of sensitive nuclear technology and materials fromKhan network traded nuclear technology and materials withinternational nuclear fuel and technology industry at the

  2. Social aspects include following applicable laws and international treaties; using open and transparent

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the potential of bioenergy crops spreading genetically modified organisms, invasive species, or nonnative Biodiversity and habitat Genetically modified organisms and invasives Soil health Environ -mental mic for animal feed, food, and processed-food ingredients. Economic factors are influenced by government policies

  3. Micro-Analysis of Actinide Minerals for Nuclear Forensics and Treaty Verification

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    M. Morey, M. Manard, R. Russo, G. Havrilla

    2012-03-22T23:59:59.000Z

    Micro-Raman spectroscopy has been demonstrated to be a viable tool for nondestructive determination of the crystal phase of relevant minerals. Collecting spectra on particles down to 5 microns in size was completed. Some minerals studied were weak scatterers and were better studied with the other techniques. A decent graphical software package should easily be able to compare collected spectra to a spectral library as well as subtract out matrix vibration peaks. Due to the success and unequivocal determination of the most common mineral false positive (zircon), it is clear that Raman has a future for complementary, rapid determination of unknown particulate samples containing actinides.

  4. anti-ballistic missile treaty: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    J. L. Orrell; A. Seifert; V. T. Woods 2010-08-04 70 The 2011 Cessna Aircraft CompanyRaytheon Missile Systems DesignBuildFly Competition Flyoff was held at TIMPA Field in...

  5. Explaining ratification of human rights treaties : signaling for aid during regional crises

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Heather Michelle

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    literature using survival analysis. A Theory of RatificationSurvival Estimates for ICCPR Individual Petition Mechanism by Democracy…………..……………………………………………94 Chapter 3 Figure 3.1: Theory

  6. Investigating Correlated Neutrons from Pulsed Photonuclear Interrogation for Treaty Verification Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stewart, Scott

    2013-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

    by Singles DU Depleted Uranium DU+p Depleted Uranium with Polyethylene FORTRAN Formula Translation He-3 Helium-3 HEU Highly Enriched Uranium HEU+p Highly Enriched Uranium with Polyethylene INL Idaho National Laboratory IO Inspection Object LANL Los...

  7. Rational Treaties: Article II, Congressional-Executive Agreements, and International Bargaining

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yoo, John

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    through audience costs, China will refine its beliefs aboutcrisis with China that have greater costs – such as large-reason why China might believe the audience costs is if it

  8. Livermore scientist, engineers train to be inspectors for test ban treaty

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA groupTubahq.na.govSecurity Administration Leader, LosSignedorganization |

  9. Columbia River Treaty Review - History and 2014/2024 Review Brochure

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office511041clothAdvanced Materials Advanced. C o w l i tCollaboration MarchCanadian and United StatesHistory

  10. Primary feather molt of juvenile mourning doves in Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Morrow, Michael Eugene

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The mourning dove breeds throughout the 48 contiguous states of the United States, portions of the Candadian provinces, the Greater Antilles, and Mexico (Keeler 1977). In the United States, hunting of mourning doves during 1980 was permitted in 32 of the 48... year than the combined total of all other migratory game birds (Keeler 1977). Management of mourning doves has been focused primarily on regulating hunting to achieve proper harvest (Dolton 1977). Recently a gradual decline in the breeding...

  11. Special Publication Number 5, List Of Translations 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edwards, Shirley J.

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    OF TRANSLATIONS 1 Abar, ?.; Ackermann, R.; and Danielova, V. 1977. Think of it now: Tick encephalitis! (Jetzt dran denken: Zeckenenzephalitis). / Med. Trib., v. 12 (27), ?? 7? (German). / Order from U. S. Naval Med. Research Unit #3, Cairo, Egypt as 1258....), Migratory birds and their role in distribution of arboviruses. / Sibirst. Otd. Akad. Nauk SSSR, Biol. Inst., Akad. Med. Nauk SSSR, Inst. Polio. Virus. Entsef., Minist. Zdravookhr. RSFSR, Omsk. Inst. Pri rod.-Ochag. Infekts., pp. 278-283. (Russian...

  12. Birds of the Ketchikan Area, Southeast Alaska

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ... original observations are as follows: (RWB) Robert W. Bale, (CB) Chris Betrus, (CC-B) Cole Crocker-Bedford, (DB) David Bowers, (GB) Gretchen ... Banks, R. C., Cicero, C., Dunn, J. L., Kratter, A. W., Rasmussen, P. C., Remsen, J. V., Rising, J. D., and Stotz, D. F. 2004. ...

  13. A bird's eye view of quantum computers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Giuliano Benenti; Giuliano Strini

    2007-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

    Quantum computers are discussed in the general framework of computation, the laws of physics and the foundations of quantum mechanics.

  14. George W. Bird, Professor Michigan State University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    /Rhizosphere Energy CO2 H2O Nutrients Role of nematodes et al. in nutrient transport and transformation. #12;Vertical Crop Shoot System Nutrient Inputs Bacterial Feeding Nematodes, Amoebae, Flagellates and Ciliates Fungal Ground System. . Bacteria #12; Essential Component of Organic Agriculture. Climbing Mt. Organic Phase

  15. Controlling Roosting Birds in Urban Areas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Texas Wildlife Services

    2006-09-06T23:59:59.000Z

    . Foradditionalinformationcontactthenearest office of Texas Cooperative Extension?Wildlife Services. TCE?Wildlife Services P.O. Box 100410 ? San Antonio, Texas 78201-1710 1M, Reprint ...

  16. Batrachotoxin alkaloids from passerine birds: A second toxic bird genus (Ifrita kowaldi)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    batrachotoxinin-A cis-crotonate (1), an allylically rearranged 16-acetate (2), which can form from 1

  17. Bird Populations 9:29-41 The Institute for Bird Populations 2009

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DeSante, David F.

    aparente. Las simulaciones se basaron en el rango completo de valores parametrales, entre 0.1 y 0.9 para

  18. Session: Avian migration and implications for wind power development in the Eastern United States

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mabey, Sarah; Cooper, Brian

    2004-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This session at the Wind Energy and Birds/Bats workshop consisted of two presentations followed by a discussion/question and answer period. The session was arranged to convey what is known about avian migration, particularly in the eastern US. The first presentation ''Migration Ecology: Issues of Scale and Behavior'' by Sarah Mabey frames the issue of migratory bird interactions with wind energy facilities from an ecological perspective: when, where, and why are migrant bird species vulnerable to wind turbine collision. The second presentation ''Radar Studies of Nocturnal Migration at Wind Sites in the Eastern US'' by Brian Cooper reported on radar studies conducted at wind sites in the eastern US, including Mount Storm, Clipper Wind, and others.

  19. Mercantilist Development in Russia: The Legitimacy of State Power, State Identity, and the Energy Charter Regime (1990 - 2010)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barkanov, Boris

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Ivanov, “Trade Problems in the Energy Charter Treaty” in “Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) and the Energy Charter Treaty,Trade Barriers. ” 1033 Konoplyanik, “Energy Charter Treaty

  20. Mercantilist Development in Russia: The Legitimacy of State Power, State Identity, and the Energy Charter Regime (1990 - 2010)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barkanov, Boris

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    it referenced the Energy Charter and Treaty to which it gaveis for Cooperation,” in “Energy Charter Treaty—Parliamentarythe Ratification of the Energy Charter Treaty (ECT). ’” 693

  1. Early Migratory Behavior of Northern Fur Seal (Callorhinus ursinus) Pups from Bering Island, Russia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Olivia Astillero

    2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

    .................................................................................................... 102 xiii FIGURE Page 20 Calculation of fractal dimension using V fractals in which the dividers walked along the path... increases in population growth without long lag periods between the end of harvests and an increase in population size, but other policies were far less successful. Fig. 1. Northern fur seal breeding populations and species range (yellow). One...

  2. Migratory patterns of American shad (Alosa sapidissima) revealed by natural geochemical tags in otoliths

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walther, Benjamin (Benjamin Dwaine)

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Geochemical signatures in the otoliths of diadromous fishes may allow for retrospective analyses of natal origins. In an assessment of river-specific signatures in American shad (Alosa sapidissima), an anadromous clupeid ...

  3. Pacific bluefin tuna (Thunnus orien-talis), a highly migratory species, is

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in the temperate zone of the northern Pacific Ocean (Yamanaka, 1982; Bayliff, 1994) in con- trast to T. thynnus, which inhabits the Atlantic Ocean (Collette, 1999). Current knowledge on the migration of Pacific in the northwest Pacific Ocean in an area from the Philippines past Taiwan to Okinawa from April to June, and small

  4. The multiple migratory mechanisms of systemically infused mesenchymal stem cells to sites of inflammation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Teo, Grace Sock Leng

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Systemically infused mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) are being explored for their immunomodulatory therapeutic potential in multiple inflammatory pathologies. This therapeutic potential has been associated with the ability ...

  5. Migratory Behavior and Survival of Juvenile Salmonids in the Lower Columbia River and Estuary in 2009

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McMichael, Geoffrey A.; Harnish, Ryan A.; Bellgraph, Brian J.; Carter, Jessica A.; Ham, Kenneth D.; Titzler, P. Scott; Hughes, Michael S.

    2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The study reported herein was funded as part of the Anadromous Fish Evaluation Program, which is managed by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE). The Anadromous Fish Evaluation Program study code is EST P 02 01: A Study of Salmonid Survival and Behavior through the Columbia River Estuary Using Acoustic Tags. The study was conducted by the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) and National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Fisheries for the USACE Portland District. Estimated survival of acoustic-tagged juvenile Chinook salmon and steelhead through the lower Columbia River and estuary in 2009 was lowest in the final 50 km of the estuary. Probability of survival was relatively high (>0.90) for yearling and subyearling Chinook salmon from the Bonneville Dam forebay (rkm 236) to Three-tree Point (rkm 49.6). Survival of juvenile Chinook salmon declined sharply through the lower 50 km of the estuary. Acoustic-tagged steelhead smolts did not survive as well as juvenile Chinook salmon between Bonneville Dam and the mouth of the Columbia River. Steelhead survival began to decline farther upstream (at rkm 86) relative to that of the Chinook salmon stocks. Subyearling Chinook salmon survival decreased markedly as the season progressed. It remains to be determined whether later migrating subyearling Chinook salmon are suffering increasing mortality as the season progresses or whether some portion of the apparent loss is due to fish extending their freshwater residence. This study provided the first glimpse into what promises to be a very informative way to learn more about how juvenile salmonid passage experiences through the FCRPS may influence their subsequent survival after passing Bonneville Dam. New information regarding the influence of migration pathway through the lower 50 km of the Columbia River estuary on probability of survival of juvenile salmonids, combined with increased understanding regarding the foraging distances and time periods of avian predators should prove useful in developing or assessing management actions to reduce losses of juvenile salmonid smolts that attempt to pass through the estuary on their seaward migration.

  6. La porta stretta. L'Italia e "l'altra riva" tra colonialismo e politiche migratorie

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dal Lago, Alessandro

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    di condizionarne la cultura politica. Ruggero Zangrandi, Ile globalizzata della politica delle In generale Renatadell’unificazione, la politica estera italiana è oscillata

  7. Migratory connectivity in Arctic geese: spring stopovers are the weak links in meeting targets for breeding

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kleyer, Michael

    makes geese particularly vul- nerable to the impact of climate change. There is an increasing mismatch trends in the Arctic target areas. Keywords Capital breeding Á Climate change Á Energetic costs 119313, Russia J. Stahl Landscape Ecology Group, University of Oldenburg, 26111 Oldenburg, Germany 123 J

  8. A Foraging Cost of Migration for a Partially Migratory Cyprinid Fish

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ­70% of their energy reserves during their spawning migration [12], and both sustained flight and also stop, Lund University, Lund, Sweden, 2 National Institute of Aquatic Resources, Technical University

  9. La porta stretta. L'Italia e "l'altra riva" tra colonialismo e politiche migratorie

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dal Lago, Alessandro

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    anni, dei danni di guerra al governo libico. 12 Ma, al di làa particolari reazioni. Il governo italiano, da sempre assaidiverse iniziative del governo (come la schedatura dei rom,

  10. The Effect of Radio-Collar Weight on Survival of Migratory Caribou

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Festa-Bianchet, Marco

    or vital rates of the subject (Bank et al. 2000, Venturato et al. 2009). Although all possible measures (GPS) engines, 2-way communication, geofencing and proximity sensors, longer battery life, or onboard

  11. Migratory Behavior of Adult Spring Chinook Salmon in the Willamette River and its Tributaries: Completion report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schreck, Carl B.

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Migration patterns of adult spring chinook salmon above Willamette Falls differed depending on when the fish passed the Falls, with considerable among-fish variability. Early-run fish often terminated their migration for extended periods of time, in association with increased flows and decreased temperatures. Mid-run fish tended to migrate steadily upstream at a rate of 30-40 km/day. Late-run fish frequently ceased migrating or fell back downstream after migrating 10-200 km up the Willamette River or its tributaries; this appeared to be associated with warming water during summer and resulted in considerable mortality. Up to 40% of the adult salmon entering the Willamette River System above Willamette Falls (i.e. counted at the ladder) may die before reaching upriver spawning areas. Up to 10% of the fish passing up over Willamette Falls may fall-back below the Falls; some migrate to the Columbia River or lower Willamette River tributaries. If rearing conditions at hatcheries affect timing of adult returns because of different juvenile development rates and improper timing of smolt releases, then differential mortality in the freshwater segment of the adult migrations may confound interpretation of studies evaluating rearing practices.

  12. Role of portable instrumentation in monitoring a Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty. Annual report, January 1993-February 1994

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stump, B.W.; Riviere-Barbier, F.; Chernoby, I.; Koch, K.

    1994-04-13T23:59:59.000Z

    This report documents two efforts undertaken during the past 12 months. The first describes a combined near-source/regional monitoring of a series of mining blasts in Southern Russia. The second contribution describes a theoretical investigation of nuclear explosion source model resolution using near-source seismic data in a nonlinear inversion scheme. Mining explosion, Nuclear explosion, Seismic source function.

  13. (Acts adopted under Title V of the Treaty on European Union) COUNCIL JOINT ACTION 2006/418/CFSP

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sussex, University of

    , such as the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). (3) On 17 November 2003 the Council adopted Common Position 2003 an important objective to be pursued. (7) In July 2005, States Parties and the European Atomic Energy Community of 12 June 2006 on support for IAEA activities in the areas of nuclear security and verification

  14. (Acts adopted under Title V of the Treaty on European Union) COUNCIL JOINT ACTION 2005/574/CFSP

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sussex, University of

    of and response to illicit traf- ficking of nuclear materials and radioactive substances, -- to work towards of 18 July 2005 on support for IAEA activities in the areas of nuclear security and verification Nuclear Security Programme and in the framework of the implementation of the EU Strategy against Prolif

  15. Economic Impact of the Florida Apiculture Industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Florida, University of

    ............................................................................................................................................12 Surveys..........................................................................................................13 Beekeeper Survey Results ...................................................................................................................16 Migratory Beekeeping Operations

  16. "Hail to thee, blithe Spirit! Bird thou never wert,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pedersen, Tom

    Volume 2, Number 11, July 5, 1976 University of Victoria Grads farepoorly study shows By John Driscoll a survey of employers in the Victoria area suggests that demands for new professional, administrative- bia," said Beach. He pointed to a Department of Manpower and Immigration survey in August, 1974, which

  17. September 15-21, 2012 Aboard National Geographic Sea Bird

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aalberts, Daniel P.

    along the Palouse River. #12;4 hELLS CAnyOn: North America's deep- est river gorge, Hells Canyon Palouse river hells Canyon CLArkS

  18. October 21-27, 2012 Aboard National Geographic Sea Bird

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Connor, Ed

    along the Palouse River. #12;4 HellS CAnyOn: North America's deep- est river gorge, Hells Canyon Palouse river Hells Canyon ClArkSTOn: Named for explorer William Clark, Clarkston and the nearby insight into what life was like for the explorers. expedition HigHligHtS PAlOuSe river: This winding

  19. OIKOS 96: 169181, 2002 Are land bird assemblages functionally saturated?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Medellín, Rodrigo

    in Mexico He´ctor Go´mez de Silva and Rodrigo A. Medelli´n Go´mez de Silva, H. and Medelli´n, R. A. 2002 such patterns in their regional species pools. H. Go´mez de Sil6a and R. A. Medelli´n, Instituto de Ecologi

  20. Supporting Information Bird et al. 10.1073/pnas.1003719108

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    -half of the 2 age range. Cesium-137 activities peak between 8.7- and 10.5-cm depth, indicating that sediment (Fig. 2). These anom- alous ages may represent old carbon being washed into the sys- tem, contamination

  1. NGL Downlight Demonstration Project: Alston & Bird, LLP, Law...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    downlight luminaires were installed in residential and commercial buildings; light-emitting diode (LED) luminaires represent less than 1% of this installed base. Downlight...

  2. Microsoft Word - NGL Downlight Report Alston Bird CBI FINAL 2015...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    downlight luminaires were installed in residential and commercial buildings; light-emitting diode (LED) luminaires represent less than 1% of this installed base. Downlight...

  3. Galapagos Shearwaters Killed by Man-O'-War Birds

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ronald W. Smith Journal:  Condor Volume:  41 Issue:  5 (September-October) Section:  From Field and Study Year:  1939 Pages:  216

  4. area bird community: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    significantly varied along the forest management cycle. Seven new species appeared after harvest, but the total number did not vary by the end of the forest management cycle, and...

  5. A bird's eye view of f(R)-gravity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. Capozziello; M. De Laurentis; V. Faraoni

    2009-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

    We survey the landscape of $f(R)$ theories of gravity in their various formulations, which have been used to model the cosmic acceleration as alternatives to dark energy and dark matter. Besides, we take into account the problem of gravitational waves in such theories. We discuss some successes of $f(R)$-gravity (where $f(R)$ is a generic function of Ricci scalar $R$), theoretical and experimental challenges that they face in order to satisfy minimal criteria for viability.

  6. Bird Communities in Andean Premontane Forests of Northwestern Argentina.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lucio R. Malizia, Pedro G. Blendinger, M. Eva Alvarez, Luis O. Rivera, Natalia Politi and Guillermo Nicolossi ...

  7. Bird Banding Fall 2014 The Arboretum at Penn State

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Elizabeth W.

    -Central Rail Trail in Big Hollow, approximately 0.5 mile NW of the H.O. Smith Botanic Gardens. Banding is forest edge of brush growth, primarily 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 9-Sep 11-Sep 13-Sep 15-Sep 17-Sep

  8. Bird Banding Fall 2013 The Arboretum at Penn State

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaye, Jason P.

    to the Bellefonte Central Rail Trail in Big Hollow, approximately 0.5 mile NW of the H.O. Smith Botanic Gardens Botanic Gardens. Habitat is forest edge of brush growth (primarily invasive privet) with pokeweed

  9. A GasdynamicAcoustic Model of a Bird Scare Gun

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eindhoven, Technische Universiteit

    ,000--200,000 explosions is attainable. The mechanism is simple. A carefully­controlled mixture of air and propane or butane gas (stoichiometric 1 mixture, or a little bit richer than that) is periodically (every 5 or 10 into the open air. An interesting detail in the design gave, without any further analy­ sis, already insight

  10. A Gasdynamic-Acoustic Model of a Bird Scare Gun

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rienstra, Sjoerd W.

    ,000­200,000 explosions is attainable. The mechanism is simple. A carefully-controlled mixture of air and propane or butane gas (stoichiometric1 mixture, or a little bit richer than that) is periodically (every 5 or 10 into the open air. An interesting detail in the design gave, without any further analy- sis, already insight

  11. Common Nesting Bird Species Common Name Latin Name AOU Code

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin, Thomas E.

    -25 m Aspen/Maple AUWA 4 2 14 14 2-16 m Maple/Fir BHGR 3.5 1 12.5 12 2-5 m Maple/Fir WETA 3.5 1 13 10 4 Excavators ACWO 4.5 1 11.5 31 0 % Aspen WISA 5.5 1 13 31.5 28 % Aspen RNSA 5.5 1 13 27 12 % Aspen DOWO 4.5 1.5 12 22.5 0 % Aspen HAWO 4 1 14 29 0 % Aspen RSFL 7.5 1.5 11.5 26.5 56 % Aspen/Fir PYNU 7 1 15.5 22 57

  12. Pervasive poleward shifts among North American bird species

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peterson, A. Townsend; Martí nez-Meyer, Enrique

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Climate change is expected to influence species’ geographic distributions in the form of poleward and upward range expansion combined with extirpations from the equatorial and downslope sides of the distribution, but such shifts observed to date...

  13. Purple Swamphens are large, shy birds that belong to the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jawitz, James W.

    to accidental releases during Hurricane Andrew. Purple Swamphens inhabit marsh wetlands and have been found

  14. Evolution of bird eggs in the absence of cuckoo parasitism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lahti, David C.

    to Hispaniola. Both islands are devoid of egg-mimicking brood parasites. In these two populations, be- tween of spotting, relative to the source populations in Africa. These reductions are more pronounced on Hispaniola

  15. Manniche's the Terrestrial Mammals and Birds of Northeast Greenland

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Journal:  Condor Volume:  13 Issue:  2 (March-April) Section:  Publications Reviewed Year:  1911 Pages:  80

  16. EFFECTS OF FOREST FRAGMENTATION ON CENTRAL AMAZONIAN BIRD A Dissertation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stouffer, Phil

    , Emma DeLeon, Sinead Borchert, Angelica Hernandez Palma and Cameron Rutt. I was truly fortunate to have

  17. Habitat Acquisition Strategies for Grassland Birds in an Urbanizing Landscape

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miller, James R.

    for protection change as total protected effective area is traded off against total distance. As area is weighted heavily, the selected parcels coalesce around core reserves but protect less area. The differences protection in metropolitan areas is commonly used as a policy for regulating landscape change in the United

  18. Myoglobin Adaptation in Terrestrial and Diving Birds and Mammals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wright, Traver J.

    2014-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

    , less is known about molecular adaptation of Mb functional properties. Novel methods were developed to extract Mb from frozen muscle and determine Mb oxygen affinity (P_(50)) by generating a high resolution oxygen dissociation curve at 37°C...

  19. ASRS Database Report Set Bird or Animal Strike Reports

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    be limited. The National Aeronautics and Space Administration and its ASRS current contractor, Booz Allen Hamilton, specifically disclaim any responsibility for any interpretation which may be made by others

  20. avian influenza bird: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    to Grow in the Presence of Interferon and Evaluation of the NS1 Mutant Viruses as Potential DIVA Vaccines Texas A&M University - TxSpace Summary: A proper vaccination program...

  1. Pale bird malabsorption syndrome-etiology and immunology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clark, Fred Dustan

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , and increased IgG and IgM responses. Histologically, an increase in inflammatory cell foci, focal fatty changes in the liver and an epicarditis was observed. ACKNOLEDGENENTS I would like to extend a special thanks to the chairman of my committee: Dr. L. C... with producer "8" 20 Graph depictinq the IgG Levels in serum collected from 10 chicks at day 0 ot the first laboratory experiment . . . . 24 Serum TgG responses of individual broilers from control and reovirus groups at 7 days post inoculation in the first...

  2. For the Birds: The Magic of Color in Feathers

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    that are understood to provide the pigmentation that confers color to animal skin, hair, and feathers. So, how is nature able to achieve such a wide variety of colors with so...

  3. White Bird, Idaho: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro IndustriesTown ofNationwideWTEDBird, Idaho: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search

  4. This research is for the birds-really, It Is

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over OurThe Iron Spin Transition in2, 2003 (Next Release on5,9,9,33,37 U.S.This Research

  5. For the Birds: The Magic of Color in Feathers

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC) Environmental Assessments (EA)Budget(DANCE) Target 1 FlightFlynnFoodForTeachers

  6. For the birds | Y-12 National Security Complex

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC) Environmental Assessments (EA)Budget(DANCE) Target 1

  7. NGL Downlight Demonstration Project: Alston & Bird, LLP, Law Offices |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYouTube YouTube Note: Since the.pdfBreaking ofOilNEW HAMPSHIRE BUILDS OFF BEACON COMMUNITIES NEW HAMPSHIRE BUILDS

  8. Bird Conservation International (2011) 21:438453. BirdLife International, 2011 doi:10.1017/S0959270910000626

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    both as wintering and stopover areas. Estuarine waders are particularly threatened by land reclamation

  9. Identification of the Spawning, Rearing, and Migratory Requirements of Fall Chinook Salmon in the Columbia River Basin, Annual Report 1994.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rondorf, Dennis W.; Tiffan, Kenneth F.

    1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Spawning ground surveys were conducted in 1994 as part of a five year study of Snake River chinook salmon Oncorhynchus tshawyacha begun in 1991. Observations of fall chinook salmon spawning in the Snake River were limited to infrequent aerial red counts in the years prior to 1987. From 1987-1990, red counts were made on a limited basis by an interagency team and reported by the Washington Department of Fisheries. Starting in 1991, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS), and other cooperating agencies and organizations, expanded the scope of spawning ground surveys to include: (1) additional aerial surveys to improve red counts and provide data on the timing of spawning; (2) the validation (ground truthing) of red counts from aerial surveys to improve count accuracy; (3) underwater searches to locate reds in water too deep to allow detection from the air; and (4) bathymetric mapping of spawning sites for characterizing spawning habitat. This document is the 1994 annual progress report for selected studies of fall chinook salmon. The studies were undertaken because of the growing concern about the declining salmon population in the Snake River basin.

  10. Is the Geographic Distribution of Nesting in the Kemp's Ridley Turtle Shaped by the Migratory Needs of Offspring?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lohmann, Kenneth J.

    the migration of offspring. To investigate this concept, we studied the Kemp's ridley sea turtle (Lepidochelys might thus remain relatively stable over considerable peri- ods of time. We explore this conceptual). Hatchlings enter the sea and immediately migrate offshore to pelagic waters, thereby escaping intense

  11. Examining Management Issues for Incidentally Caught Species in Highly Migratory Species Fisheries in the Western and Central Pacific Ocean

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chan, Valerie Ann

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    dynamics in the central Pacific Ocean, 1952- 1998. II. Afishing for tunas in the Pacific Ocean. Ecology and Societywestern and central north Pacific Ocean. ISC. 2013a. Stock

  12. Identification of the Spawning, Rearing and Migratory Requirements of Fall Chinook Salmon in the Columbia River Basin, Annual Report 1992.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rondorf, Dennis W.; Miller, William H.

    1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This document is the 1992 annual progress report for selected studies of fall chinook Salmon Oncorhynchus tshawytscha conducted by the National Biological Survey (NBS) and the US Fish and Wildlife Service. The decline in abundance of fall chinook salmon in the Snake River basin has become a growing concern. Effective recovery efforts for fall chinook salmon cannot be developed until we increase our knowledge of the factors that are limiting the various life history stages. This study attempts to identify those physical and biological factors which influence spawning of fall chinook salmon in the free-flowing Snake River and their rearing and seaward migration through Columbia River basin reservoirs.

  13. Extreme plasticity in life-history strategy allows a migratory predator (jumbo squid) to cope with a changing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Benoit-Bird, Kelly J.

    to 2012, small squid were abundant and matured at an unusu- ally small mantle-length (-shelf habitats were traded for accelerated reproduction at small size in an offshore environment. Both small- history strategies can coexist. Hydro-acoustic data, reveal that squid biomass in this study area nearly

  14. 60846 Federal Register / Vol. 72, No. 207 / Friday, October 26, 2007 / Notices clarification of impacts to migratory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of Existing Natural Gas Transmission Pipeline, Right-of-Way Grant and Temporary Use Permit, San Juan and Mc

  15. Examining Management Issues for Incidentally Caught Species in Highly Migratory Species Fisheries in the Western and Central Pacific Ocean

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chan, Valerie Ann

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and skipjack tuna (Katsuwonus pelamis) in the western andskipjack tuna, Katsuwonus pelamis, and bigeye tuna) whereof skipjack (Katsuwonus pelamis), bigeye (Thunnus obesus),

  16. RABIES PREVALENCE IN MIGRATORY TREE-BATS IN ALBERTA AND THE INFLUENCE OF ROOSTING ECOLOGY AND SAMPLING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barclay, Robert

    ), increased education and improved diagnos- tics (Woldehiwet, 2005), combined with safe and effective vaccines

  17. Food habits and migratory movements of the Common Snipe (Capella gallinago delicata) in the Central Brazos Valley of Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jirovec, David Joseph

    1971-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . The l99l Census of ~Ai olt e oto e t 1 of 343, 594 or* of farm- land within the county and 261, 141 acres of pasture land. Only $72 acres of farmland were irrigated. This county is divided into seven soil types according to Moncrief (1960) ~ All... in their ability to provide protection from either the environment or predators. This type of classification might be considered ar'bitrary, but it does give definite numbers based upon definite requirements. A rating system of this type has worked...

  18. Towards a global consensus on matters of science : how process and membership can generate valid and sustainable science advice in multilateral environmental treaty negotiations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kohler, Pia M. (Pia Marili)

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In most multilateral environmental agreements (MEAs), science advisory bodies (SABs) are tasked with producing guidance on scientific aspects of the problem. SABs are a necessary infrastructure of global environmental ...

  19. (12) INTERNATIONAL APPLICATION PUBLISHED UNDER THE PATENT COOPERATION TREATY (PCT) (19) W(4orld Intellectual Property Organization III IIIIIIInIIIIIIII p aIIIIII IIIIIIIIIIIIIII III IIIII

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robins, Gabriel

    /US]; 260 Wahoo Way, Apt # 1024, Charlottesville, Virginia 22903 (US). ROBINS, Gabriel [US/US]; 986 Laurel Glen, Char- lottesville, Virginia 22903 (US). (74) Agents: MADDEN, Robert B et al.; Schwegman, Lund, LT, LU, LY, MA, MD, ME, MG, MK, MN, MW, MX, MY, MZ, NA, NG, NI, NO, NZ, OM, PE, PG, PH, PL, PT, QA

  20. TEXAS A&M UNIVERSITY LIBRARIES USING THE APSA FORMAT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Treaties U.S. Department of State. 1963. Nuclear Weapons Test Ban, 5 August. TIAS no. 5433. U.S. Treaties

  1. Mitigation for the Construction and Operation of Libby Dam, 2001-2002 Annual Report.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dunnigan, James L.; Marotz, Brian L.; DeShazer, Jay (Montana Department of Fish, Wildlife and Parks, Libby, MT)

    2003-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Libby Reservoir was created under an International Columbia River Treaty between the United States and Canada for cooperative water development of the Columbia River Basin (Columbia River Treaty 1964). Libby Reservoir inundated 109 stream miles of the mainstem Kootenai River in the United States and Canada, and 40 miles of tributary streams in the U.S. that provided habitat for spawning, juvenile rearing, and migratory passage (Figure 1). The authorized purpose of the dam is to provide power (91.5%), flood control (8.3%), and navigation and other benefits (0.2%; Storm et al. 1982). The Pacific Northwest Power Act of 1980 recognized possible conflicts stemming from hydroelectric projects in the northwest and directed Bonneville Power Administration to ''protect, mitigate, and enhance fish and wildlife to the extent affected by the development and operation of any hydroelectric project of the Columbia River and its tributaries...'' (4(h)(10)(A)). Under the Act, the Northwest Power Planning Council was created and recommendations for a comprehensive fish and wildlife program were solicited from the region's federal, state, and tribal fish and wildlife agencies. Among Montana's recommendations was the proposal that research be initiated to quantify acceptable seasonal minimum pool elevations to maintain or enhance the existing fisheries (Graham et al. 1982). Research to determine how operations of Libby Dam affect the reservoir and river fishery and to suggest ways to lessen these effects began in May, 1983. The framework for the Libby Reservoir Model (LRMOD) was completed in 1989. Development of Integrated Rule Curves (IRCs) for Libby Dam operation was completed in 1996 (Marotz et al. 1996). The Libby Reservoir Model and the IRCs continue to be refined (Marotz et al 1999). Initiation of mitigation projects such as lake rehabilitation and stream restoration began in 1996. The primary focus of the Libby Mitigation project now is to redevelop fisheries and fisheries habitat in basin streams and lakes.

  2. Quantum dynamics of the avian compass

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zachary B. Walters

    2014-09-19T23:59:59.000Z

    The ability of migratory birds to orient relative to the Earth's magnetic field is believed to involve a coherent superposition of two spin states of a radical electron pair. However, the mechanism by which this coherence can be maintained in the face of strong interactions with the cellular environment has remained unclear. This Letter addresses the problem of decoherence between two electron spins due to hyperfine interaction with a bath of spin 1/2 nuclei. Dynamics of the radical pair density matrix are derived and shown to yield a simple mechanism for sensing magnetic field orientation. Rates of dephasing and decoherence are calculated ab initio and found to yield millisecond coherence times, consistent with behavioral experiments.

  3. Sustained Quantum Coherence and Entanglement in the Avian Compass

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Erik Gauger; Elisabeth Rieper; John J. L. Morton; Simon C. Benjamin; Vlatko Vedral

    2011-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

    In artificial systems, quantum superposition and entanglement typically decay rapidly unless cryogenic temperatures are used. Could life have evolved to exploit such delicate phenomena? Certain migratory birds have the ability to sense very subtle variations in Earth's magnetic field. Here we apply quantum information theory and the widely accepted "radical pair" model to analyze recent experimental observations of the avian compass. We find that superposition and entanglement are sustained in this living system for at least tens of microseconds, exceeding the durations achieved in the best comparable man-made molecular systems. This conclusion is starkly at variance with the view that life is too "warm and wet" for such quantum phenomena to endure.

  4. Risk assessment for the Waste Technologies Industries (WTI) hazardous waste incineration facility (East Liverpool, Ohio). Volume 6. Screening ecological risk assessment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1997-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Screening Ecological Risk Assessment (SERA) includes an evaluation of available biotic information from the site vicinity to provide a preliminary description of potential ecological receptors (e.g., rare, threatened and endangered species; migratory birds; and important game species), and important ecological habitats (e.g., wetland areas). A conceptual site model is developed that describe show stressors associated with the WTI facility might affect the ecological components in the surrounding environment through the development and evaluation of specific ecological endpoints. Finally, an estimate of the potential for current and/or future adverse impacts to the biotic component of the environment is provided, based on the integration of potential exposures of ecological receptors to WTI emissions and toxicological threshold values.

  5. PACIFIC NORTHWEST NATIONAL LABORATORY'S CENTER FOR GLOBAL SECURITY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the Treaty The Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty puts a cap on the development of nuclear weapons by banning nuclear weapon testing. The Treaty Organization will verify the ban on nuclear tests, operating the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty Wednesday, December 14, 2011 10 a.m. ­ 11:30 a.m. in the Battelle

  6. UNIVERSITE PARIS 5 FACULTE DES SCIENCES HUMAINES ET SOCIALES SORBONNE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , hydrocarbures, région frontalière, Bolivie, Tarija, Argentine, Andes, Chaco, Amérique du Sud Migratory complex

  7. Cell-matrix interactions : collagen-GAG scaffold fabrication, characterization, and measurement of cell migratory and contractile behavior via confocal microscopy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harley, Brendan A. (Brendan Andrew), 1978-

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Three-dimensional, collagen scaffolds are an analog of the extracellular matrix and are used for many tissue engineering applications. While material and microstructural properties significantly affect overall scaffold ...

  8. Animal Husbandry Description Units Rate Birds per cage-day 1.44$

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Description Units Rate Anesthesia Machine Use per use 38.79$ Surgery Use w/Anesthesia per use 46.17$ Technical

  9. The genome of the green anole lizard and a comparative analysis with birds and mammals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lander, Eric S.

    The evolution of the amniotic egg was one of the great evolutionary innovations in the history of life, freeing vertebrates from an obligatory connection to water and thus permitting the conquest of terrestrial environments. ...

  10. Aerial Righting, Directed Aerial Descent, and Maneuvering in the Evolution of Flight in Birds

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Evangelista, Dennis Jose

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    use of a force sensor and 3D printer. Chapter 4 Disturbancewere then output to a 3D printer (ProJet HD 3000; 3D Systems

  11. Costs and benefits of maternally derived immunity in a game bird system 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ellis, Matthew B.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis examines the costs and benefits of maternal allocation to both mother and offspring in gamebirds, specifically ring necked pheasants (Phasianus colchicus) and the Chinese painted quail (Coturnix chinensis). ...

  12. A landscape approach to reserving farm ponds for wintering bird refuges in Taoyuan, Taiwan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fang, Wei-Ta

    2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

    regression with error back-propagation into the paradigm of artificial neural networks (ANN). The model considers pond shape, size, neighboring farmlands, and developed areas in calculating parameters pertaining to their respective and interactive influences...

  13. Species specific blood typing in birds using hemagglutin and precipitin techniques

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cragg, Peter Charles

    1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    to focus on the reactivity across several species in an attempt to relate their taxonomic relationships. The blood from six species; Canada Goose (Branta canadensis), Bl khllldl'Dk(hdkdh 11), kghlggdgk (B 1 ~k), d G ld Ph (Ch PP(h B' ) 1- lected... used see Table 3. Taxonomic Grouping Ending Example order family subfamily tribe genus specific epithet species -iformes -idae -inae ? ini Anseriformes Anatidae Anserinae Anserini Branta canadensis Branta canadensis Canada Goose...

  14. CHI-SQUARE TEST STATISTICS AND DERIVED MEASURES OF EFFECT FOR VARIOUS BIRDS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rotor orientation to wind * Faces wind 22 29.80 0.74 -14 Away from wind 32 21.99 1.46 19 Vertical axis 0 - ­5646 2 0.87 2.31 2 Tower type Vertical axis 0 2.21 0 -4 Tubular 22 20.53 1.07 3 #12;C-3 Variable Expected Obs ÷ Exp Accountable percent Turbine modelt Micon 2 3.84 0.52 -3 Bonus 17 15.18 1.12 3 Danwin 0 0

  15. CHI-SQUARE TEST STATISTICS AND DERIVED MEASURES OF EFFECT FOR HAWKS, RAPTORS, AND ALL BIRDS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    * Faces wind 155 134.08 1.16 9 Away from wind 84 98.97 0.85 -6 Vertical axis 4 9.96 0.40 -2 Blade color.91 -2 2780 - ­3287 163 147.24 1.11 6 4014 - ­5646 6 3.89 1.54 1 Tower type * Vertical axis 4 9.96 0 and Attribute Observed Expected Obs ÷ Exp Accountable percent Turbine model* Micon 14 17.29 0.81 -1 Bonus 83 68

  16. The High Resolution Fly's Eye ( HiRes ) Project D.J. Bird,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Australia 4 High Energy Astrophysics Institute, Department of Physics, U. of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT 84112 to the measurement of cosmic rays in this energy range: large ground arrays ( Area > 100 km2 ), and the Nitrogen USA ABSTRACT At the present time, the origin of cosmic rays in the EH E region ( Energy > 1018 e

  17. MODULE TITLE Maths 1 for Foundation CREDIT MODULE CODE INT0020 MODULE CONVENER Dawn Bird

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mumby, Peter J.

    , Engineering, Science or related disciplines. It builds on the knowledge and skills developed in Foundation using partial fractions. 9. Probability. Random variables. The probability function. 10. Statistics Demonstrate understanding of and apply mathematical techniques in calculus and statistics 4 Recognise

  18. Rewards of social behavior: activation of midbrain dopamine neurons during courtship singing of male birds

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fukai, Tomoki

    , these studies show that a critical component of the brain reward system is markedly activated during the intense., Sotnikova, T.D., Gainetdinov, R.R., Jarvis, E.D. (2006). Social context- dependent singing-regulated dopamine. J. Neurosci. 26(35): 9010-4. 6. Hara, E., Kubikova, L., Hessler, N.A., & Jarvis, E.D. (2007

  19. Successional processes in a Texas savanna woodland: the role of birds and rodents

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huebotter, Neal Harvey

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    dish per night on the Ls Capita Research Ares (out of a possible 50) 40 9 Proportion of dishes visited in selected microhsbitats (n 30) during each 3-night period for the seed removal trials 41 10 Hesn( SE ) seed removal ( MSR & from dishes in which... at least 1 seed wss removed (DSR& and mean&BE& number of seeds removed (MDSRP) from dishes in which st least 1 seed of s particular species wss removed (DSRP) in the woody-plant seed. removal trials on the Ls Copits Research Area 42 11 Analyses of some...

  20. The Impact Of Habitat Fragmentation On Bird Community Composition In Monteverde, Costa Rica

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Joanna

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    4 Y - - - Parulidae Slate-throated Redstart MyioborusSuch species include the Slate— throated Redstart (MyioborusCrested Guan, Great Kiskadee, Slate-throated Redstart, and

  1. Seropositivity and Risk Factors Associated with Toxoplasma gondii Infection in Wild Birds from Spain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    Spain Oscar Cabezo´ n1 , Ignacio Garci´a-Bocanegra2 , Rafael Molina-Lo´ pez3 , Ignasi Marco1 , Juan M Veterinaria, Universitat Auto`noma de Barcelona, Bellaterra, Spain, 2 Departamento de Sanidad Animal, Facultad de Veterinaria, Universidad de Co´rdoba, Co´rdoba, Spain, 3 Centre de Fauna Salvatge de Torreferrussa

  2. Feather mites (Acarina: Analgesoidea) of some Texan and Mexican falconiform and strigiform birds

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elbihari, Sabir

    1968-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    with parallel striations on surface. Seven to fifteen pairs of smooth, variable sized setae on dorsal and lateral surfaces of body. Terminal setae of males of many species appear as leaf-like lamellae, or are bifurcate on ends. Location of body setae..., usually between bases of legs III, Spermatheca difficult to distinguish; located dorsally on posterior end of body of female. Aedeagus at level of bases of legs III or IV; rarely at posterior end of body; form and size of sclerite and stylet of aedeagus...

  3. Restoring Tallgrass Prairie and Grassland Bird Populations in Tall Fescue Pastures With Winter Grazing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sandercock, Brett K.

    ­6% de la biomasa ae´rea total en potreros pastoreados todo el an~o, del 1­34% en los potreros pastoreados en el invierno, y de 31­34% en el remanente de la vegetacio´n nativa. La abundancia y biomasa de

  4. Sealing abandoned mines with treated flyash kills two birds with one stone

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Giacinto, J.F.; Rafalko, L.G.; Petzrick, P. [Environmental Resources Management Inc. (United States)

    2007-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Environmentally benign disposal of coal combustion products/by-products (CCPs) such as flyash and bottom ash has been a problem since the first coal-fired power plant went on-line. In recent years, ways have been developed to recycle CCPs into useful commercial products like bricks and roadbase. This article describes an innovative State of Maryland program that is putting CCPs to yet another use: stabilizing abandoned mines to permanently sequester acids and harmful metals. As engineering consultants to the State's Power Plant Research Project (PPRP), Environmental Resources Management (ERM) Inc. has conducted several projects to evaluate and demonstrate the beneficial use of CCPs for deep mine stabilization. These are several hundred abandoned underground mines in western Maryland and several thousand across the Mid-Atlantic Highlands and their proximity to coal-fired plants makes it cost-effective to transport CCPs via existing railroads and highways. 8 figs.

  5. Psittacid herpesvirus associated with internal papillomatous disease and other tumors in psittacine birds

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Styles, Darrel Keith

    2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    to redistribution of transcription factor E2F4 into the nucleus resulting in the complex formation of retinoblastoma tumor suppressor protein (pRb) and p107 thus arresting the cell cycle (Flemington, 2001; Ehmann et al., 2000). Additionally, the ubiquitin... to alter its function in different situations such as acting as a transactivator or suppressor. Meq also may translocate CDK2 into the nucleolar periphery where it activates cyclins that phosphorylates pRb (Liu and Kung, 2000). Meq?s interaction...

  6. HOW DO INVASIVE EXOTIC PLANTS AFFECT NATIVE PLANTS, BIRDS AND MAMMALS IN GREENWAYS?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hess, George

    . Vidra What are exotic plant species? Perhaps you have noticed huge thickets of kudzu vine along, it grows _ inch per hour! Kudzu is one example of an exotic plant species. In North Carolina, exotics change the structure of the forest, as kudzu does when it covers every surface. Exotics may also

  7. Bird Census News 2009, 22/2: 76 -80 Books, reports & journals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carrascal, Luis M.

    : Las aves comunes reproductoras en España. Población en 2004-2006, with a short English summary). ISBN their detectability indexes, the mean field abundance of each species in 23 main environments was parameterized

  8. Birding Monterey & Carmel Packard Meeting 2007 Packard Fellows Meeting, Sept. 8, 2007

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Cin-Ty Aeolus

    provide nutrients to the surface waters, allowing for an abundant marine life in the area. We encourage the Carmel) focuses the upwelling of deep, nutrient-laden Pacific waters towards the surface. These nutrients and sea otters, the latter once highly endangered, can often be seen frolicking in the kelp (brown algae

  9. From Flapping Birds to Space Telescopes: The Modern Science of Origami (BNL Women in Science Lecture)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lang, Robert J.

    2010-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

    During the 1990s, the development and application of mathematical techniques to origami revolutionized this centuries-old Japanese art of paper folding. In his talk, Lang will describe how geometric concepts led to the solution of a broad class of origami-folding problems. Conversely, algorithms and theorems of origami design have shed light on long-standing mathematical questions and have solved practical engineering problems. Lang will discuss how origami has led to huge space telescopes, safer airbags, and more.

  10. HumanWildlife Interactions 5(2):224234, Fall 2011 Bird strikes and aircraft fuselage color

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .S. Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) from 1990 to 2008 occurred at or below 152 m above ground level (AGL along with information on flights that were gathered by federal agencies in the United States. We

  11. CALIBRATION OF PHTOTMULTIPLIER TUBES IN THE HIRES EXPERIMENT D.J. Bird,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Australia 5001 Australia 4 High Energy Astrophysics Institute, Department of Physics, University of Utah in the atmosphere by extended air showers of high energy cosmic rays and gamma rays. The shower profilesRes, one also wants to measure other properties of PMTs such as cathode quantum efficiency as a function

  12. Post-Eocene climate change, niche conservatism, and the latitudinal diversity gradient of New World birds

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hawkins, Bradford A.; Diniz, JAF; Jaramillo, C A; Soeller, S A

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    in eastern central Patagonia, hile (46°45¢S). Journal ofand R? o Pichileufu , Patagonia, Argentina. The Americanforests in Canada and Patagonia, and temperate forests in

  13. Quantifying Relationships Between Bird And Butterfly Community Shifts And Environmental Change.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Debinski, Diane M.; VanNimwegen, Ron E.; Jakubauskas, Mark E.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , and butterflies. We did not sample larger areas in larger meadows, but focused solely on a constant total area for both our satellite data analysis and ecological community data. To streamline the process, we used Erdas Imagine ver- sion 8.2 (Leica Geosystems...] 5 1148, mean 5 3.21 ha). NDVI and climate trends The Gallatins showed more among-year variability in the NDVI than the Tetons, as evidenced by their F ratios (Gallatins, F 5 1.87, df 5 3, 96, P 5 0.140; Tetons, F 5 1.02, df 5 3, 96, P 5 0...

  14. Inactivation of various influenza strains to model avian influenza (Bird Flu) with various disinfectant chemistries.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Oberst, R. D.; Bieker, Jill Marie; Souza, Caroline Ann

    2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Due to the grave public health implications and economic impact possible with the emergence of the highly pathogenic avian influenza A isolate, H5N1, currently circulating in Asia we have evaluated the efficacy of various disinfectant chemistries against surrogate influenza A strains. Chemistries included in the tests were household bleach, ethanol, Virkon S{reg_sign}, and a modified version of the Sandia National Laboratories developed DF-200 (DF-200d, a diluted version of the standard DF-200 formulation). Validation efforts followed EPA guidelines for evaluating chemical disinfectants against viruses. The efficacy of the various chemistries was determined by infectivity, quantitative RNA, and qualitative protein assays. Additionally, organic challenges using combined poultry feces and litter material were included in the experiments to simulate environments in which decontamination and remediation will likely occur. In all assays, 10% bleach and Sandia DF-200d were the most efficacious treatments against two influenza A isolates (mammalian and avian) as they provided the most rapid and complete inactivation of influenza A viruses.

  15. EarlyBird: Learning-based Mobile Prefetching through Content Preference and Usage Pattern

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Xin

    , access- ing such embedded content is often slow, expensive, and energy-draining due to the nature network con- ditions (where we leverage existing techniques). We build a regression-based content their delays by at least 62% at the cost of no more than 3% battery and 40MB/month cel- lular data consumption

  16. A consumer-oriented approach to interpretive program planning for birding

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hobson, William Joseph

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Factors. This study supports the contention that a more direct method of obtaining information from visitors is needed. These results were counter to intuition, implying that more than expertise alone is needed for planning. Implications... traditionally focused on the resource base first, developed program objectives next, then decided the media to present this information to the public. This present study examines an alternative method of planning; namely, consulting the visitor first...

  17. Comparing functions of natural and created marshes for shorebirds and wading birds

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brusati, Elizabeth Diane

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    apologize for making her crawl through the mud to Nueces Berms. Kim identified invertebrates collected on Mustang Island. Staff and students at the Rob and Bessie Welder Wildlife Foundation gave me both logistical and moral support. The Welder Foundation... water depths at study sites, these categories were converted to real depths based on published data (Hayman et al. 1986) and specimens at the Rob and Bessie Welder Wildlife Foundation in Sinton, Texas. I also noted temperature and wind speed...

  18. ?-adrenergic and serotoninergic control of diet-induced thermogenesis in birds.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    - experimental lines, oral administration of DL-propranolol, a non-specific P-blocking agent (PPL, 5 mg effect of propranolol (DFF+PPL) was also studied in females of both lines (table I). The anorectic effect

  19. 42 IEEE Spectrum | April 2004 | NA BirdsHow do you study a thing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lu, Chenyang

    of simple com- putation and communication, plus a few environmental sensors, a battery, and an antenna-year-old light- house, "but I don't." We've walked here along a narrow plank way from the old lightkeeper's cottage, now used to house the ometime next month, not long after winter has called it quits

  20. Aerial Righting, Directed Aerial Descent, and Maneuvering in the Evolution of Flight in Birds

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Evangelista, Dennis Jose

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Nano17, ATI Industrial Automation, Apex, NC), which was insensor (Nano17, ATI Industrial Automation, Apex, NC). The

  1. Habitat relationships of seven breeding bird species in the Leon River Watershed investigated at local scales 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Juarez Berrios, Edwin Alfredo

    2005-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Over the past 100?150 years Texas rangelands have dramatically changed from native open savannahs to dense woodlands. On the Edwards plateau, a major management concern is the increasing encroachment of Ashe juniper (Juniperus ashei). Preceding...

  2. The Chimalapas Region, Oaxaca, Mexico: a high-priority region for bird conservation in Mesoamerica

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peterson, A. Townsend; Navarro-Sigü enza, Adolfo G.; Herná ndez-Bañ os, Blanca E.; Escalona-Segura, Griselda; Rebó n-Gallardo, Fanny; Rodrí guez-Ayala, Emir; Figueroa-Esquivel, Elsa M.; Cabrera-Garcí a, Leonardo

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Chimalapas lie in the easternmost corner of Oaxaca (Figure 1), at the shared border of Oaxaca, Veracruz and Chiapas. With Chajul (Chiapas) and Calakmul (Campeche) they rank among the largest pristine tropical regions of Mexico, holding an impressive number... of vegetation types, including cloud forest, trop- ical rainforest, semi-deciduous tropical forest, humid pine-oak forest, and deciduous tropical forest (Binford 1989, Wendt 1989, 1993; Figure 2). The region had its geological origins in the Upper Cretaceous...

  3. A taxonomic study of Family Proctophyllodidae and Aloptidae (Analgoidea) of Costa Rican passeriform birds

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Wen Sam Tsai

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    sh ve, vi ? Anus ? Adanal discs ? Anal shields ? Epimerites ? Genital discs ? Genital organ ? Metapodosomal shields ? Supranal concavity ? Terminal cleft ? Ventrolateral shields ? Anal seta ? Central setae ? Coxal III seta ? Dorsal... hysterosomal setae ? Humeral seta ? Lateral hysterosomal setae ? External and internal postanal setae ? Coxal I seta ? External and internal scapular setae ? Subhumeral seta ? External and internal vertical setae V1 1: . scil sce PI r t P2 , t...

  4. Bird Conference Programme, 14-16 Nov 2011 at Al Faham Hall, SQU Day & Time Event

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Villiers, Marienne

    at Chicago, USA 11.20 - 12:00 Global shorebird migrations and comparative mudflat ecology with special focus

  5. Physically-based aerodynamic flight of birds: an interactive approach to behavioral flocking

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ringham, Michael Lynn

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    skin like the bat and pterosaurs because they provide the wing with a modular construction which limits damage [8]. 3. 1. 2 Lack of Teeth The bill has evolved into several basic forms suitable for cracking nuts, probing mudflats, tearing flesh...

  6. The effects of cattle grazing on Texas coastal salt marsh plants and birds

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yeargan, Catherine A

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ). Lesser snow geese (Anser caerulescens) can uproot entire stands of Spartina alterniflora, Distichlis spicata and Scirpus americanus, and accelerate the conversion of vegetated marsh to mudflat or even open water (Miller et al. 1 996). Sheep grazing...

  7. The diversity and abundance of North American bird assemblages fail to track changing productivity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dobson, LL; La Sorte, FA; Manne, LL; Hawkins, BA

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    species richness and energy availability in the Northand K. J. Gaston. 2005. Species– energy relationships at theA. H. 2004. Species–energy relationships and habitat

  8. The Bird in the Hand: Stipulated Settlements and Electricity Regulation in Florida

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Littlechild, Stephen C

    in nominal terms. 4 Rate increases & decreases by 5 year periods 1,200,000,000 -200,000,000 0 200,000,000 400,000,000 600,000,000 800,000,000 1,000,000,000 1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 Year R at e in cr ea se s & d ec re as es...

  9. The evolutionary genetics of sexually selected plumage colour traits in the galliform birds

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nadeau, Nicola Jacqueline

    2007-01-16T23:59:59.000Z

    and pheomelanin additionally requires the amino-acid cysteine. It has also been suggested that the requirement of heavy metal ions by the tyrosinase enzymes could result in condition dependence (McGraw 2003). Studies of the melanin-based bibs of male house...

  10. Habitat relationships of seven breeding bird species in the Leon River Watershed investigated at local scales

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Juarez Berrios, Edwin Alfredo

    2005-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

    chrysoparia), northern bobwhite (Colinus virginianus), white-eyed vireo (Vireo griseus), Bell?s vireo (Vireo bellii), painted bunting (Passerina ciris), and brown-headed cowbird (Molothrus ater). Vegetation characteristics were compared between sites occupied...

  11. HOLARCTIC ECOLOGY 13: 105-111. Copenhagen 1990 Ecomorphological relationships in a group of insectivorous birds

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carrascal, Luis M.

    Ueria Carrascal, L. M., Moreno, E. and Telleria, J. L. 1990. Ecomorphological relation- ships in a group 1980) there are few studies dealing with the rela- tionships between morphometric differences and eco intensivelystudied from competitive view points (Alatalo 1982a) whereas eco- morphological relationships have usually

  12. Wild birds as possible hosts and vectors of mammalian strains of Chlamydia psittaci

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Mark Caylor

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of eucaryot1c cells but does not affect procaryotic cells such as chlamydiae (1, 68). Nith inhibit1on of the host cell's growth, the cytoplasmic pools of amino ac1ds and nucleos1des are ava1lable to the chlamyd1ae. The organisms have a negative Gram...

  13. Automatic identification of bird targets with radar via patterns produced by

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Loon, E. Emiel van

    migration research, environmental impact assessments (e.g. wind farms), aircraft security and radar lines, wind farms or bridges (Harmata et al. 1999; Desholm & Kahlert 2005) and (iv) in the context). The potential increase in the construction of wind farms in the coming years is a serious concern for avian

  14. Simulation of cholinesterase inhibition caused by sublethal exposure of grassland birds to insecticides in Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Corson, Michael Scott

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , 1975, Zinkl et al. , 1978, ' Balcomb et al. , 1984; Flickinger et al. , 1984; Flickinger et al. , 1986; Elliott et al. , 1996) In the field of ecotoxicology, some scientists attempt to determine effects of pesticides and pollution at large... al. , 1981), red-shouldered hawks (Buteo linea/us) (Balcomb, 1983), red-tailed hawks (Bureoj amaicensi s) (Henny et al. , 1985), and laughing gulls (Larus arrici lla) (White et al. , 1979). In some cases, dietary exposure may pose the greatest risk...

  15. Ecological Modelling 105 (1998) 299323 Simulating cholinesterase inhibition in birds caused by dietary

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mora, Miguel A.

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    kills (Hamilton and Stanley, 1975; Zinkl et al., 1978; Balcomb et al., 1984; Flickinger et al., 1984., 1981; Balcomb, 1983; Henny et al., 1985), but few include models that simulate transfer of insec

  16. Is it a bird? Or a plane? It's a solar plane!

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Solar Impulse -- a solar-powered aircraft -- is pushing the boundaries of innovation. Learn how our SunShot Initiative takes a similar approach to advancing game-changing, clean energy breakthroughs.

  17. Host diversity begets parasite diversity: bird final hosts and trematodes in snail intermediate hosts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hechinger, R F; Lafferty, K D

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Natural Reserve System’s Carpinteria Salt Marsh Reserve, andtwo types of habitat in Carpinteria Salt Marsh (34824 0 N,community structure in Carpinteria Salt Marsh. Our ?ndings

  18. The Impact Of Habitat Fragmentation On Bird Community Composition In Monteverde, Costa Rica

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Joanna

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Frank Joyce and Federico Chinchilla lDqDczrz‘i7/em‘ of I/my super advisors Federico Chinchilla and Frank ]oyce, the

  19. It's a bird...It's a plane...It's an intern! | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't YourTransport(FactDepartment ofLetter Report: I11IG002RTC3 | 12/1/2014 |Is5:

  20. Monitoring bat and bird fatalities at the Casselman Wind Energy Center in

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directed offOCHCO2:Introduction toManagement of the NationalPennsylvania | Department of Energy

  1. Wind Turbine Interactions with Birds, Bats, and their Habitats: A Summary

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy China 2015ofDepartment of EnergyThe U.S. DepartmentEnergyWilliam0, 2015Aof

  2. Application to export electric energy OE Docket No. EA-377 Alston&Bird LLP

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 1112011AT&T, Inc.'s ReplyApplication of SyntheticPowerManagement Inc. |LPLLCU.S| Department|

  3. RADIONUCLIDES IN MARINE FISHES AND BIRDS FROM AMCHITKA AND KISKA ISLANDS IN THE ALEUTIANS:

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA group currentBradleyTableSelling7 AugustAFRICAN3u ;;;:: A' 3 ct : -. .S.SURVEY

  4. Microsoft Word - NGL Downlight Report Alston Bird CBI FINAL 2015 (2)

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't YourTransport(FactDepartment3311,Official File UnitedToOn January 18, 2006, DOE issued01Next

  5. Fermilab | Newsroom | Press Releases | June 2, 2015: Bison, birds and bugs

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC) Environmental Assessments (EA)Budget » FYU.S.at Fermilab’s Family Outdoor Fair on

  6. Fermilab | Newsroom | Press Releases | May 28, 2013: Bison, birds and bugs

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC) Environmental Assessments (EA)Budget » FYU.S.at Fermilab’sFermilab's newat

  7. Fermilab | Newsroom | Press Releases | May 28, 2014: Bison, birds and bugs

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC) Environmental Assessments (EA)Budget » FYU.S.at Fermilab’sFermilab's newatat

  8. Monitoring bat and bird fatalities at the Casselman Wind Energy Center in Pennsylvania

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't YourTransport(FactDepartment3311,OfficialProducts |Catalysis of Fuel CellMonishaEffectiveness of

  9. ADMINISTRATORS DECISION RECORD

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    non-Treaty space in Canada to provide benefits to Endangered Species Act (ESA) listed fish. The 2012 NTSA allows for coordinated use of non-Treaty storage in Canada to shape...

  10. China's Space Robotic Arms Programs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    POLLPETER, Kevin

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Blog, “Gen. Chilton on a Space Weapons Treaty,” October 30,archive/2076/general-chilton-on-a-space-weapons-treaty. 31on the military use of space, see Kevin Pollpeter, “China’s

  11. People of the Sacred Language: Revival of the Hocak Language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    John, Tashina Marie

    2009-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

    , carts, and services for a portage for thirty years. Other articles provided land to certain tribal members, likely to those families most influential in obtaining the tribe’s agreement to the treaty. 67 The fourth important treaty...

  12. Eur. Phys. J. D 62, 2531 (2011) DOI: 10.1140/epjd/e2010-10328-3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Argentina, Mederic

    of density of the grains [3]. Chladni, author of the first treaty concerning the science of acoustics [4

  13. ARCHIVED MATERIAL This page is no longer being reviewed/updated.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sussex, University of

    specific measures for cases of non-compliance, such as the Nuclear Weapons Free Zone (NWFZ) treaties, such as with the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT), the U.N. is the depository of the treaty. In the Millennium Declaration. Article 12 in the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) indicates procedures to be followed in case of non

  14. COUNCIL JOINT ACTION 2006/243/CFSP of 20 March 2006

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sussex, University of

    Commission of the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organisation (CTBTO) in the area of training Nuclear- Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT), adopted by the General Assembly of the United Nations on 10 September Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction THE COUNCIL OF THE EUROPEAN UNION, Having regard to the Treaty

  15. Solar forecasting review

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Inman, Richard Headen

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Figure 6.3: Birds-eye view of solar array deployment siteBirds-eye 7. Birds-eye view of of solar solar array array

  16. Dissection of Mitotic Ran Pathway Function Using the Small Molecule Importazole

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bird, Stephen Lucien

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Importazole by Stephen Lucien Bird A dissertation submittedrights reserved by Stephen Lucien Bird Abstract DissectionImportazole by Stephen Lucien Bird Doctor of Philosophy in

  17. automatically constructed fuzzy: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    birds, BirdID imitates bird experts to automatically direct Yao, Xin 16 Automatic Design of Hierarchical Fuzzy Controllers Using Genetic Algorithms Engineering Websites...

  18. A retrospective tiered environmental assessment of the Mount Storm Wind Energy Facility, West Virginia,USA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Efroymson, Rebecca Ann [ORNL; Day, Robin [No Affiliation; Strickland, M. Dale [Western EcoSystems Technology

    2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Bird and bat fatalities from wind energy projects are an environmental and public concern, with post-construction fatalities sometimes differing from predictions. Siting facilities in this context can be a challenge. In March 2012 the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) released Land-based Wind Energy Guidelines to assess collision fatalities and other potential impacts to species of concern and their habitats to aid in siting and management. The Guidelines recommend a tiered approach for assessing risk to wildlife, including a preliminary site evaluation that may evaluate alternative sites, a site characterization, field studies to document wildlife and habitat and to predict project impacts, post construction studies to estimate impacts, and other post construction studies. We applied the tiered assessment framework to a case study site, the Mount Storm Wind Energy Facility in Grant County, West Virginia, USA, to demonstrate the use of the USFWS assessment approach, to indicate how the use of a tiered assessment framework might have altered outputs of wildlife assessments previously undertaken for the case study site, and to assess benefits of a tiered ecological assessment framework for siting wind energy facilities. The conclusions of this tiered assessment for birds are similar to those of previous environmental assessments for Mount Storm. This assessment found risk to individual migratory tree-roosting bats that was not emphasized in previous preconstruction assessments. Differences compared to previous environmental assessments are more related to knowledge accrued in the past 10 years rather than to the tiered structure of the Guidelines. Benefits of the tiered assessment framework include good communication among stakeholders, clear decision points, a standard assessment trajectory, narrowing the list of species of concern, improving study protocols, promoting consideration of population-level effects, promoting adaptive management through post-construction assessment and mitigation, and sharing information that can be used in other assessments.

  19. Exposure and effects of oilfield brine discharges on western sandpipers (Calidris mauri) in Nueces Bay, Texas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rattner, B.A.; Melancon, M.J. [National Biological Survey, Laurel, MD (United States); Capizzi, J.L. [Texas A& M Univ., College Station, TX (United States); King, K.A. [Fish and Wildlife Service, Phoenix, AZ (United States); LeCaptain, L.J. [Fish and Wildlife Service, Spokane, WA (United States)

    1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Discharge of oilfield brines into fresh and estuarine waters is a common disposal practice in Texas. Petroleum crude oil (PCO) extraction from underground stores includes the removal of a significant amount of water along with the oil. Several methods may be used to separate the oil and water fractions, including tank batteries, heat separation, and skimming ponds. Disposal of the resultant produced water (oilfield brine) may be accomplished by deep-well injection or discharge to surface waters. In Texas, an estimated 766,000 barrels of oilfield brine were discharged daily into tidal waters in 1979. The maximum concentration for oil and grease in these discharges permitted by the Texas Railroad Commission is 25 ppm. Several studies have shown that oilfield brines are toxic to a wide range of marine life, yet little is known about their effects on birds and mammals. Exposure to petroleum in oilfield wastes could evoke toxicological effects in some waterbird species. Avian responses to PCO exposure are highly variable, including cessation of growth, osmoregulatory impairment, endocrine dysfunction, hemolytic anemia, altered blood chemistry, cytochrome P450 induction, reduced reproductive success, and mortality. Oilfield brine discharges may soon be the largest and most pervasive source of contaminants entering Texas estuaries. Migratory and resident birds feeding in the vicinity of discharge sites may be ingesting food items contaminated with petroleum hydrocarbons, heavy metals and salts in sufficient quantities to evoke toxicity. The present study of wintering western sandpipers (Calidris mauri) that feed and roost near discharge sites sought to examine oilfield brine exposure and effects through quantification of contaminant burdens, morphological characteristics, and cytochrome P450-associated monooxygenase activities. 20 refs., 2 tabs.

  20. Assessing Overwater Structure-Related Predation on Juvenile Salmon: A Field Study and Protocol for Weighing the Evidence

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Williams, Greg D.; Thom, Ronald M.; Southard, John A.; Sargeant, Susan L.; Shreffler, David K.; Stamey, Mark T.

    2004-02-03T23:59:59.000Z

    Large overwater structures have often been cited as potential migratory barriers and areas of increased predation for juvenile salmon migrating along shallow shoreline habitats, although conclusive evidence has not been demonstrated to date in situ. To help resolve this issue, Washington State Ferries (WSF) sponsored directed research to determine whether WSF terminals affect predation on juvenile salmon. We used a combination of standardized surveys, stomach content analyses, and new observational technologies to assess fish, avian, and mammal predation on salmon fry at ferry terminals and paired reference sites during periods of pre- (early April) and peak (May) outmigration. We observed no significant aggregation of potential bird or mammal predators at six ferry terminal study sites. Few potential fish predators were documented in SCUBA surveys, beach seines, or with a Dual frequency IDentification SONar (DIDSON) camera at Mukilteo, our single underwater study location. Only one instance of salmon predation by fish (staghorn sculpin ? Leptocottus armatus) was confirmed, and this was at the corresponding reference site. A tiered protocol (Minimum/ Recommended/ Preferred actions) was developed for assessing potential predation at other overwater structures. Likewise, recommendations were developed for incorporating design features into WSF terminal improvement projects that could minimize future impacts.

  1. Wildlife Impact Assessment Palisades Project, Idaho, Final Report.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sather-Blair, Signe

    1985-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Habitat Evaluation Procedures were used to evaluate pre- and post-construction habitat conditions of the US Bureau of Reclamation's Palisades Project in eastern Idaho. Eight evaluation species were selected with losses expressed in the number of Habitat Units (HU's). One HU is equivalent to one acre of prime habitat. The evaluation estimated that a loss of 2454 HU's of mule deer habitat, 2276 HU's of mink habitat, 2622 HU's of mallard habitat, 805 HU's of Canada goose habitat, 2331 HU's of ruffed grouse habitat, 5941 and 18,565 HU's for breeding and wintering bald eagles, and 1336 and 704 HU's for forested and scrub-shrub wetland nongame species occurred as a result of the project. The study area currently has 29 active osprey nests located around the reservoir and the mudflats probably provide more feeding habitat for migratory shore birds and waterfowl than was previously available along the river. A comparison of flow conditions on the South Fork of the Snake River below the dam between pre- and post-construction periods also could not substantiate claims that water releases from the dam were causing more Canada goose nest losses than flow in the river prior to construction. 41 refs., 16 figs., 9 tabs.

  2. Cave and cliff swallows as indicators of exposure and effects of environmental contaminants on birds from the Rio Grande, Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Musquiz, Daniel

    2004-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    concentrations in tissues and somatic chromosomal damage in blood of lesser scaups (Aythya affinis). A recent study suggests that TCDDs and specific mixtures of TCDD, 2,3,7,8- pentachlorodibenzofuran (PeCDF) and PCB 126 result in dose-dependent increases...

  3. Effect of "edge" on breeding bird density and diversity in young and mature pine stands in East Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Strelke, William Kenneth

    1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Painted bunting Passerina ciris Chipping sparrow ~S i zella passerina Field sparrow ~Si e11 111 0 1 0 3 26 Table 3. (Cont'd) Number of detections/sp. Habitat Moods Moods Clearcut Clearcut Species n interior (MI) edqe edge interior (WE) (CE...

  4. Learning to Fly like a Bird Russ Tedrake, Zack Jackowski, Rick Cory, John William Roberts, Warren Hoburg

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tedrake, Russ

    Hoburg Massachusetts Institute of Technology Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Lab 32 Vassar", meaning they experience a dramatic loss of lift and potentially control authority, and the aerodynam- ics

  5. 1232 | VOL.10 NO.12 | DECEMBER2013 | nAture methods in mammals and birds, thermoregulation to conserve

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cai, Long

    and are related to metabolic cycles and mainte- nance of the cationic gradient across membranes in liver, muscle in thermogenesis that correlates with the electrochemical gradient. thus, tsGFPs are powerful tools metabolism and by sacrificing fuel efficiency. Some of these mechanisms increase ATP hydrolysis

  6. 1. Gould, J.L. (1980). The case for magnetic sensitivity in birds and bees. Am. Sci. 68,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    , 181­207. Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey to their perception of simple versus complex, old versus new, or possible versus impossible, events -- providing insight into their perception, memory and expectations [10]. So far, the social and moral world

  7. Killing Two Birds with One Stone: Can Real-Time Pricing Support Retail Competition and Demand Response?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barbose, Galen; Bharvirkar, Ranjit; Goldman, Charles; Hopper, Nicole; Neenan, Bernie

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Competition and Demand Response? Galen Barbose, Ranjitbenefit of stimulating demand response. To evaluate themarket development and demand response – we conducted a

  8. An investigation within a species (Gallus domesticus) of the hypothesis that embryonic and juvenile growth rates in birds

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    -line chick to 8 weeks of age. There were problems in accomodating the broiler hybrid results because

  9. Copyright 2014 by George Peter Bird. This edition may be freely distributed, duplicated, performed, and recorded. Sole (q. = 90)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bird, Peter

    s s . mind is a pud dle- in the street 7 mp #12;9 Ob. S. A. T. B. Pno. mp mf mp 7 A mp pud dle- in the street re mf flec- ting- A mp pud dle- in the street re mf flec- ting- re flec- ting- green Si ri- us.- tutti A mp pud dle- in the street re mf flec- ting- A mp pud dle- in the street re mf flec- ting- 13 Ob

  10. Woody plant and wintering grassland bird responses to summer prescribed burning in grazed and ungrazed Texas Mid-Coastal Prairies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marx, Damion E.

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    prairies. Indeed, the presence of several species, Le Conte's Sparrow, Sedge Wren, and Sprague's Pipit, rapidly declined in areas where shrub densities surpassed 100 ha-1 and shrub cover exceeded 30%. At Aransas National Wildlife Refuge, I examined...

  11. "the most valuable birds in the world": International Conservation Science and the Revival of Peru's Guano Industry, 1909-1965

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cushman, Gregory T.

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of the most arid, least productive natural environments in the world. This dryness inhibits both the microbiological breakdown of uric acid (C5H4N3O3) and the leaching of water-soluble ammonia (NH3) and ammonium salts (NH4 +) from guano deposits and makes... under his command. Farmers also received propaganda and scientific studies from CAG that promoted scientific agriculture, including a monthly illustrated Boletín (1925– 1967). These publications provided a vital public outlet for scientific research...

  12. 100 communications of the acm | december 2012 | vol. 55 | no. 12 hoW do Birds flock and fish school?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jadbabaie, Ali

    ? How do individuals in a social net- work reach agreement, even though they are often only influenced with an addi- tional twist that the interconnection structure between individual dynami- cal systems change to result in global agreement (in opinions, direction of motion in a flock, or fre- quency of oscillations

  13. Killing Two Birds with One Stone: Can Real-Time Pricing Support Retail Competition and Demand Response?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barbose, Galen; Bharvirkar, Ranjit; Goldman, Charles; Hopper, Nicole; Neenan, Bernie

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    other states are indexed to the PJM real-time energy market.Pricing New Jersey Maryland PJM region* NYISO region ISO-NEpenetration data for the PJM region as a whole in addition

  14. Trophic ecology of marine birds and pelagic fishes from Reunion Island as determined by stable isotope analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    in the muscle of yellowfin tuna Thunnus albacares, skipjack tuna Katsuwonus pelamis, and common dolphinfish

  15. eBird: Assessing the Application of Large Scale Citizen Science Data and Data Collection Strategies for Local Management Use

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Riddle, Thomas Carroll 1984-

    2012-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

    to my committee member Dr. Sam Brody for putting up with me amongst all of his other students. Thanks go out to the GR2R group and members of the new ICOM Lab. Their help and support is what made this possible. Special thanks to my colleagues Sarah... wishes to open a new sanctuary for Piping Plovers. Three sites are marked by USFWS as critical habit in the area. The manager wishes to protect the site that is found to have the largest number of Piping Plovers. This study uses this scenario to find...

  16. Global lack of flyway structure in a cosmopolitan bird revealed by a genome wide survey of single nucleotide

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    nucleotide polymorphisms ROBERT H. S. KRAUS,* PIM VAN HOOFT,* HENDRIK-JAN MEGENS, ARSENY TSVEY,§ SERGEI Y delineated mallard populations. We employed 363 single nucleotide polymorphism markers in combination manage- ment, population genomics, single nucleotide polymorphisms Received 12 January 2012; revision

  17. Evolution of sex-biased maternal effects in birds: I. Sex-specific resource allocation among simultaneously growing oocytes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Badyaev, Alex

    alloca- tion of nutrients and hormones among eggs of a single clutch represent a passive consequence a passive consequence of maternal reproductive constraint or is it a manifesta- tion of maternal ability of house finches (Carpodacus mexicanus) where strongly sex-biased maternal effects are favoured by natural

  18. Two Birds with One Stone? Possible Dual-Targeting H1N1 Inhibitors from Traditional Chinese Medicine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Yu-Chian

    The H1N1 influenza pandemic of 2009 has claimed over 18,000 lives. During this pandemic, development of drug resistance further complicated efforts to control and treat the widespread illness. This research utilizes ...

  19. Killing Two Birds with One Stone: Can Real-Time Pricing SupportRetail Competition and Demand Response?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barbose, Galen; Bharvirkar, Ranjit; Goldman, Charles; Hopper,Nicole; Neenan, Bernie

    2006-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

    As retail choice states reach the end of their transitional, rate-cap periods, state regulators must decide what type of default supply service to provide to customers that have not switched to a competitive retail supplier. In a growing number of states, regulators have adopted real-time pricing (RTP) as the default service for large commercial and industrial (C&I) customers. Although this trend is driven chiefly by policy objectives related to retail competition, default service RTP may have the added benefit of stimulating demand response. To evaluate the potential role of RTP as a means to both ends--retail market development and demand response--we conducted a comprehensive review of experience with default RTP in the U.S. and examined the emergence of RTP as a product offering by competitive retail suppliers. Across the ten utilities with default RTP in place in 2005, between 5% and 35% of the applicable load remained on the rate. Based on interviews with competitive retailers, we find evidence to suggest that a comparable amount of load in these states has switched to hourly pricing arrangements with competitive retailers. Many customers on default or competitive hourly pricing are paying prices indexed to the real-time spot market, and thus have no advance knowledge of prices. Because the price responsiveness of customers under these conditions has yet to be formally analyzed, and relatively few efforts have been undertaken to help these customers become price responsive, the actual demand response impacts from hourly pricing in retail choice states remains largely an open question. However, we find that policymakers and other stakeholders in retail choice states have various strategies at their disposal to capture the potential demand response benefits from hourly pricing, while simultaneously supporting retail competition.

  20. Birds of the Laguna Kaucaya Area, a Semi-Humid Valley in the Andean Foothills of Departamento Santa Cruz, Bolivia.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robb. T. Brumfield, Oswaldo Maillard Z., Robert C. Faucett, Gustavo Sanchez, Vanya G. Rohwer, Juan Carlos Catari, C. Gregory Schmitt, Donna C. Schmitt, Rosa Strem and Ana Maria Mamani ...