Sample records for midwest iso miso

  1. Coordination of Retail Demand Response with Midwest ISO Markets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bharvirkar, Ranjit

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Robinson, Michael, 2008, "Demand Response in Midwest ISOPresentation at MISO Demand Response Working Group Meeting,Coordination of Retail Demand Response with Midwest ISO

  2. Coordination of Retail Demand Response with Midwest ISO Markets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bharvirkar, Ranjit

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ER08-___-000," December 31. MISO, 2007b, M T E P 06 - TheMidwest ISO Transmission Expansion Plan, February. MISO,2007c, "MISO Press Release," U R L : http://

  3. Coordination of Retail Demand Response with Midwest ISO Markets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bharvirkar, Ranjit

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Serving Entity Midwest Independent System Operator Marketin the Midwest Independent System Operator (MISO) region and2007). The Midwest Independent System Operator (MISO) called

  4. Coordination of Retail Demand Response with Midwest ISO Markets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bharvirkar, Ranjit

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    M T E P 06 - The Midwest ISO Transmission Expansion Plan,Demand Response in Midwest ISO Market," Presentation at MISODemand Response with Midwest ISO Wholesale Markets Ranjit

  5. What's happening in Midwest ISO market?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tesfatsion, Leigh

    -ahead and real- time markets were significantly lower in 2006. Lower natural gas prices Improved coordination attributable to significantly decreased natural gas, oil and coal prices. (fuel costs represent the vastWhat's happening in Midwest ISO market? Review of 2006 Market report for Midwest ISO Department

  6. Evolution of the Midwest ISO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tesfatsion, Leigh

    -Transmission Owning Members Marketers · Allegheny Energy Supply · American Electric Power Co. · Automated Power Transmission System Operator, Inc. MAPP Fall Conference August 28, 2002 #12;Overview · General Background Information · MISO Today · MISO Evolution #12;General Background Information #12;General Utility Background

  7. MIDWEST ISO UPDATE Sherman Elliott

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tesfatsion, Leigh

    power congestion through locational marginal pricing (LMP) energy market Long term regional transmission minutes · Manage congestion via Locational Marginal Pricing (LMP), Transmission Loading Relief (TLR reserve margin #12;9 MISO Market Operations Locational Marginal Pricing (LMP) based upon Security

  8. Coordination of Retail Demand Response with Midwest ISO Markets

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bharvirkar, Ranjit; Bharvirkar, Ranjit; Goldman, Charles; Heffner, Grayson; Sedano, Richard

    2008-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

    The Organization of Midwest ISO States (OMS) launched the Midwest Demand Resource Initiative (MWDRI) in 2007 to identify barriers to deploying demand response (DR) resources in the Midwest Independent System Operator (MISO) region and develop policies to overcome them. The MWDRI stakeholders decided that a useful initial activity would be to develop more detailed information on existing retail DR programs and dynamic pricing tariffs, program rules, and utility operating practices. This additional detail could then be used to assess any"seams issues" affecting coordination and integration of retail DR resources with MISO's wholesale markets. Working with state regulatory agencies, we conducted a detailed survey of existing DR programs, dynamic pricing tariffs, and their features in MISO states. Utilities were asked to provide information on advance notice requirements to customers, operational triggers used to call events (e.g. system emergencies, market conditions, local emergencies), use of these DR resources to meet planning reserves requirements, DR resource availability (e.g., seasonal, annual), participant incentive structures, and monitoring and verification (M&V) protocols. This report describes the results of this comprehensive survey and discusses policy implications for integrating legacy retail DR programs and dynamic pricing tariffs into organized wholesale markets. Survey responses from 37 MISO members and 4 non-members provided information on 141 DR programs and dynamic pricing tariffs with a peak load reduction potential of 4,727 MW of retail DR resource. Major findings of this study area:- About 72percent of available DR is from interruptible rate tariffs offered to large commercial and industrial customers, while direct load control (DLC) programs account for ~;;18percent. Almost 90percent of the DR resources included in this survey are provided by investor-owned utilities. - Approximately, 90percent of the DR resources are available with less than two hours advance notice and over 1,900 MW can be dispatched on less than thirty minutes notice. These legacy DR programs are increasingly used by utilities for economic in addition to reliability purposes, with over two-thirds (68percent) of these programs callable based on market conditions. - Approximately 60percent of DLC programs and 30percent of interruptible rate programs called ten or more DR events in 2006. Despite the high frequency of DR events, customer complaints remained low. The use of economic criteria to trigger DR events and the flexibility to trigger a large number of events suggests that DR resources can help improve the efficiency of MISO wholesale markets. - Most legacy DR programs offered a reservation payment ($/kW) for participation; incentive payment levels averaged about $5/kW-month for interruptible rate tariffs and $6/kW-month for DLC programs. Few programs offered incentive payments that were explicitly linked to actual load reductions during events and at least 27 DR programs do not have penalties for non-performance. - Measurement and verification (M&V) protocols to estimate load impacts vary significantly across MISO states. Almost half of the DR programs have not been evaluated in recent times and thus performance data for DR events is not available. For many DLC programs, M&V protocols may need to be enhancedin order to allow participation in MISO's proposed EDR schedule. System operators and planners will need to develop more accurate estimates of the load reduced capability and actual performance.

  9. Coordination of Retail Demand Response with Midwest ISO Markets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bharvirkar, Ranjit

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Data Collection for Demand-side Management for QualifyingPrepared by Demand-side Management Task Force of the4. Status of Demand Side Management in Midwest ISO 5.

  10. Coordination of Retail Demand Response with Midwest ISO Markets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bharvirkar, Ranjit

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    MISO, 2006) 2: MISO Reliability "Footprint" (Source: ICF,for power. Figure 2: MISO Reliability "Footprint" (Source:resources as part of the MISO reliability planning process.

  11. Day-Ahead premiums on the Midwest ISO

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bowden, Nicholas; Hu, Su; Payne, James

    2009-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

    An examination of day-ahead premiums for the Midwest ISO from September 2005 to December 2007 reveals that premiums are positive and statistically significant across all five hubs, indicating inefficiency in the Midwest wholesale electricity market. Further, day-ahead premiums exhibit monthly seasonal variation with some indication of the day-ahead premiums declining over time in three of the five hubs. (author)

  12. Coordination of Retail Demand Response with Midwest ISO Markets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bharvirkar, Ranjit

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    MISO MP MRO MWDRI M&V NYISO PJM PUC RAP RFC RTO RTP SERC AirRTOs such as New England or PJM. In 2005 MISO became theEdison is a member of PJM). Interruptible (Total = 3398, N =

  13. The potential impacts of a competitive wholesale market in the midwest: A preliminary examination of centralized dispatch

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lesieutre, Bernard C.; Bartholomew, Emily; Eto, Joseph H.; Hale, Douglas; Luong, Thanh

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Company Midwest Independent System Operator Minnesota Power2005, the Midwest Independent System Operator (MISO) will2005, the Midwest Independent System Operator (MISO) will

  14. The Cost of Transmission for Wind Energy: A Review of Transmission Planning Studies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mills, Andrew D.

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2007. “Inclusion of Wind in the MISO Transmission Expansionhttp://www.jcspstudy.org/ Midwest ISO (MISO). 2007. Midwest+Planning Midwest ISO (MISO). 2003. Midwest Transmission

  15. MIDWEST ISO CO-OPTIMIZATION BASED REAL-TIME DISPATCH AND PRICING OF ENERGY AND ANCILLARY SERVICES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tesfatsion, Leigh

    day-ahead counterpart, real-time locational marginal prices (LMP) are calculated every fiveMIDWEST ISO CO-OPTIMIZATION BASED REAL-TIME DISPATCH AND PRICING OF ENERGY AND ANCILLARY SERVICES-time dispatch and pricing. The RT SCED formulation at the core of the real-time dispatch and pricing market

  16. A CRITICAL REVIEW OF WIND TRANSMISSION COST ESTIMATES FROM MAJOR TRANSMISSION PLANNING EFFORTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mills, Andrew; Wiser, Ryan; Porter, Kevin

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Report.pdf Midwest ISO (MISO). 2003. Midwest TransmissionConference September 2007 MISO. 2007. Midwest Transmission2006 SDG&E Midwest ISO (MISO) ISO/RTO February 2007 MISO '06

  17. Midwest Independent System Operator (Multiple States)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Midwest Independent Transmission System Operator (MISO) is a Regional Transmission Organization, which administers wholesale electricity markets in all or parts of 11 U.S. states and the Canadian...

  18. Midwest Transmission Workshop II Summary

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kevin Bryan

    2002-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

    OAK-B135 After introductions of all participants, Abby Arnold, RESOLVE, reviewed the purpose of the meeting and the agenda. The purpose of the workshop was to share the results of the Midwest Independent System Operator (MISO) scenario development for wind and other fuel sources and the corresponding implications for transmission throughout the MISO control area. The workshop agenda is included in Attachment A.

  19. QER- Comment of MISO

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Midcontinent Independent System Operator, Inc. (MISO), respectfully submits two studies to the Department of Energy (DOE) for consideration in preparing its Quadrennial Energy Review (QER) on transmission, storage and distribution infrastructure. MISO also presented to DOE on the QER at the Newark, NJ public session held on September 8, 2014. MISO appreciates that opportunity. In addition to the material presented in Newark, MISO recently completed two studies on transmission and energy storage in the MISO footprint, which covers all or parts of 15 states in the middle of the Unites States.

  20. mushroom-miso-gravy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Date: Fri, 26 Nov 93 00:52:36 PST From: Michelle Dick TANGY MUSHROOM MISO GRAVY 1 lb mushrooms 1 T balsamic vinegar 3 cups water 1

  1. Bargaining and the MISO Interference Channel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nokleby, Matthew; Swindlehurst, A. Lee

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the pareto boundary for the MISO interference channel,” IEEEinterference in the Gaussian MISO broadcast channel,” inOn maximizing the sum network MISO broadcast capacity,” in

  2. EA-343 Midwest Independent Transmission Operator (MISO) | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny:Revised Finding of No53197EFindingEA-257-CEA-296-B22

  3. EA-343 Midwest Independent Transmission Operator (MISO) | Department of

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy China 2015 Business42.1Energy |Final Site-WideBPAPowerEE US No.SubsidaryShellEnergy

  4. Distributed Interference Pricing with MISO Channels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kuzmanovic, Aleksandar

    Distributed Interference Pricing with MISO Channels Changxin Shi, Randall A. Berry, and Michael L an interference channel consisting of multi- input, single-output (MISO) wireless links. The objective generalized to a MISO network, as shown in Sec- tion II. Such an algorithm was previously presented in [3

  5. Optimization of Energy Harvesting MISO Communication Channels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gesbert, David

    1 Optimization of Energy Harvesting MISO Communication Channels Rajeev Gangula, Student Member-to-point multiple-input single-output (MISO) communication system is con- sidered when both the transmitter (TX bound on the ergodic rate of MISO channel with beamforming and limited feedback. Feedback bit allocation

  6. 2010 Wind Technologies Market Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wiser, Ryan

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and reliability assessments. Midwest Independent Transmission System Operator (MISO):MISO), New York ISO (NYISO), ISO-New England (ISO-NE), California ISO (CAISO), Electric Reliabilityreliability-based transmission issue and one economic transmission issue and provides economic benefits across multiple pricing zones within MISO (

  7. Virtual MISO Triggers in Wi-Fi-like Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Virtual MISO Triggers in Wi-Fi-like Networks Oscar Bejarano Edward W. Knightly 1 Thursday, April 11 difficult to achieve in mobile devices Thursday, April 11, 2013 #12;5 Virtual MISO (vMISO) TX RX vMISO, 2013 #12;1. System Model 1.1. Distributed System 1.2. Single-Antenna Nodes 6 vMISO

  8. The potential impacts of a competitive wholesale market in the midwest: A preliminary examination of centralized dispatch

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lesieutre, Bernard C.; Bartholomew, Emily; Eto, Joseph H.; Hale, Douglas; Luong, Thanh

    2004-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In March 2005, the Midwest Independent System Operator (MISO) will begin operating the first-ever wholesale market for electricity in the central and upper Midwestern portion of the United States. Region-wide, centralized, security-constrained, bid-based dispatch will replace the current system of decentralized dispatch by individual utilities and control areas. This report focuses on how the operation of generators may change under centralized dispatch. We analyze a stylized example of these changes by comparing a base case dispatch based on a ''snapshot'' taken from MISO's state estimator for an actual, historical dispatch (4 p.m., July 7, 2003) to a hypothetical, centralized dispatch that seeks to minimize the total system cost of production, using estimated cost data collected by the EIA. Based on these changes in dispatch, we calculate locational marginal prices, which in turn reveals the location of congestion within MISO's footprint, as well as the distribution of congestion revenues. We also consider two sensitivity scenarios that examine (1) the effect of changes in MISO membership (2003 vs. 2004 membership lists), and (2) different load and electrical data, based on a snapshot from a different date and time (1 p.m., Feb. 18, 2004). Although our analysis offers important insights into how the MISO market could operate when it opens, we do not address the question of the total benefits or costs of creating a wholesale market in the Midwest.

  9. Property:EIA/861/IsoMiso | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation,PillarPublicationType JumpDOEInvolve JumpallowedAltFuelVehicle Jump

  10. Clean Energy Manufacturing Initiative Midwest Regional Summit...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Clean Energy Manufacturing Initiative Midwest Regional Summit: Lightweighting Breakout Session Summary Clean Energy Manufacturing Initiative Midwest Regional Summit: Lightweighting...

  11. Optimal Distributed Beamforming for MISO Interference Channels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qiu, Jiaming

    2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

    In this thesis, the problem of quantifying the Pareto optimal boundary of the achievable rate region is considered over multiple-input single-output(MISO)interference channels, where the problem boils down to solving a sequence of convex feasibility...

  12. Real-time MISO UWB Radio Testbed and Waveform Design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qiu, Robert Caiming

    Real-time MISO UWB Radio Testbed and Waveform Design Yu Song, Zhen Hu, Nan Guo, and Robert C. Qiu-input single-output (MISO) ultra-wideband (UWB) radio testbed, which involves Xinlix Virtex-5 Field in indoor environment. The transmitted MISO signals are optimized in the passband with a bandwidth up to 500

  13. Robust Secure Transmission in MISO Channels With Imperfect ECSI

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Swindlehurst, A. Lee

    Robust Secure Transmission in MISO Channels With Imperfect ECSI Jing Huang and A. Lee Swindlehurst.huang; swindle}@uci.edu Abstract--This paper studies robust transmission schemes for MISO wiretap channels-input single-output (MISO) wiretap cannels, the optimal transmit covariance matrix was found to be single

  14. Blind Channel Estimation for Orthogonal STBC in MISO Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adve, Raviraj

    1 Blind Channel Estimation for Orthogonal STBC in MISO Systems Elzbieta Beres, and Raviraj Adve-input single-output (MISO) systems, with specific focus on Alamouti's code for two transmit antennas of the received signal. Unlike previous blind estimation schemes for MISO systems, the proposed algorithm

  15. Secure MISO Cognitive Radio System with Perfect and Imperfect CSI

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wong, Vincent

    Secure MISO Cognitive Radio System with Perfect and Imperfect CSI Taesoo Kwon, Vincent W.S. Wong eavesdrop on the primary link. This paper explores multiple-input single-output (MISO) CR systems where a multiple- input single-output (MISO) beamforming algorithm for the secondary system. However, it only

  16. MISO Broadcast Channels with Confidential Messages and Alternating CSIT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ulukus, Sennur

    MISO Broadcast Channels with Confidential Messages and Alternating CSIT Pritam Mukherjee1 , Ravi, Blacksburg, VA 24061 Abstract--We study the two-user multiple-input single-output (MISO) broadcast channel-user multiple- input single-output (MISO) broadcast channel with confiden- tial messages (BCCM), in which

  17. Optimizing Feedback in Energy Harvesting MISO Communication Channels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gesbert, David

    Optimizing Feedback in Energy Harvesting MISO Communication Channels Rajeev Gangula1 , David.gunduz@imperial.ac.uk Abstract--In this work,1 we consider the optimization of feedback in a point-to-point MISO channel in the context of a simple multiple antenna system, namely MISO channel, where feedback can be used to improve

  18. Optimal MU-MIMO precoder with MISO decomposition approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gesbert, David

    Optimal MU-MIMO precoder with MISO decomposition approach Mustapha Amara, Yi Yuan-Wu Orange Labs considered the best existing precoder design algorithm for a MISO multiuser sys- tem proposed in [1 procedure transforming the MU-MIMO channel for each iteration into a MU-MISO channel trough virtual channel

  19. BLIND RECEIVERS FOR MISO COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS USING A NONLINEAR PRECODER

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    BLIND RECEIVERS FOR MISO COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS USING A NONLINEAR PRECODER Alain Y. Kibangou GIPSA.Kibangou@ujf-grenoble.fr ABSTRACT In this paper, we propose two blind decoding approaches for multi-input single-output (MISO of simulations. 1. INTRODUCTION Multi-input Single Output (MISO) communication channel modelling occurs when

  20. MISO Broadcast Channel with Delayed and Evolving CSIT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gesbert, David

    MISO Broadcast Channel with Delayed and Evolving CSIT Jinyuan Chen and Petros Elia Mobile--The work considers the two-user MISO broadcast channel with a gradual and delayed accumulation of channel-input single-output broadcast channel (MISO BC) with an M-transmit antenna (M 2) transmitter communicating

  1. MISO Broadcasting FBMC System for Highly Frequency Selective Channels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Swindlehurst, A. Lee

    MISO Broadcasting FBMC System for Highly Frequency Selective Channels Michael Newinger, Leonardo G.a.nossek}@tum.de swindle@uci.edu Abstract--In this contribution we propose new techniques for multi-user MISO broadcasting an SDMA approach for the MISO broadcast channel based on Tomlinson-Harashima Precoding. However

  2. Distributed Precoding for MISO Interference Channels with Channel Mean Feedback

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ulukus, Sennur

    Distributed Precoding for MISO Interference Channels with Channel Mean Feedback: Algorithms precoding algorithms for multiple-input single-output (MISO) interference channels, where each trans- mitter- antenna wireless interference channels [5]-[7]. For multiple- input single-output (MISO) interference

  3. Dynamic System Performance of SISO, MISO and MIMO Alamouti Schemes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Dynamic System Performance of SISO, MISO and MIMO Alamouti Schemes Dorra Ben Cheikh Battikh , Jean, coupecho, godlewski}@enst.fr Abstract--In this paper, the performance of a SISO system, a 2 × 1 MISO multiplexing tradeoff for a 2 × 1 MISO system. Many other techniques have been proposed to exploit antennas

  4. SINR Balancing and Beamforming for the MISO Interference Channel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gesbert, David

    SINR Balancing and Beamforming for the MISO Interference Channel Francesco Negro, Martina Cardone.negro@eurecom.fr, dirk.slock@eurecom.fr Abstract--In this paper a K user multi-input single-output (MISO) interference noise contribution (Noisy IFC). We address the MISO downlink (DL) beamformer design and power allocation

  5. Field Testing of Automated Demand Response for Integration of Renewable Resources in California's Ancillary Services Market for Regulation Products

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kiliccote, Sila

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of the Market Report: New York ISO. 2010. PJM, State of theMarket Report for PJM: Ancillary Service Markets. 2010Maryland Interconnection (PJM) and Midwest ISO (MISO) all

  6. 72nd Midwest PDE Seminar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2013-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

    72nd Midwest PDE Seminar. Purdue University, November 16–17, 2013. Charles Smart, MIT. Sat, Nov 16, 3:00–3:50, MATH 175. Quantitative stochastic ...

  7. MEEA Midwest Energy Solutions Conference

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Midwest Energy Efficiency Alliance (MEEA) is hosting its annual conference at the Chicago Hilton and Towers in Chicago, IL, on Jan. 28-30, 2015.

  8. Beyound 4G : (), () Trends and Advances in Multi-Cell MISO/MIMO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sung, Youngchul

    Beyound 4G : (), () , , Trends and Advances in Multi-Cell MISO/MIMO Technologies LTE-Advanced Beyond 4G . , (multiple-input single-output, MISO) (multiple-input multiple-output, MIMO) , MISO MIMO . . 3G , 4 LTE

  9. Midwest Building Energy Program

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't YourTransport(FactDepartment3311,Official FileEnergy Midsize Wind Turbines for theMidwest

  10. Proof of the outage probability conjecture for MISO channels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abbe, Emmanuel; Telatar, Emre

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In Telatar 1999, it is conjectured that the covariance matrices minimizing the outage probability for MIMO channels with Gaussian fading are diagonal with either zeros or constant values on the diagonal. In the MISO setting, this is equivalent to conjecture that the Gaussian quadratic forms having largest tale probability correspond to such diagonal matrices. We prove here the conjecture in the MISO setting.

  11. Subcarrier Clustering for MISO-OFDM Channels with Quantized Beamforming

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Santipach, - Wiroonsak

    Subcarrier Clustering for MISO-OFDM Channels with Quantized Beamforming Kritsada Mamat the capacity [1] and link reliability. Thus, many current and future wireless standards are based on multiple antenna. For a multiple-input single-output (MISO) channel, beamforming is a simple and effective method

  12. Distributed multicell-MISO precoding using the layered virtual SINR framework

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gesbert, David

    1 Distributed multicell-MISO precoding using the layered virtual SINR framework Randa Zakhour, way in which the multicell MISO precoders may be designed at each BS in a distributed manner Pareto optimal rates for the MISO Interference Channel (IC); its extension to the multicell MISO channel

  13. Midwest Hydro Users Group Meeting

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Midwest Hydro Users Group will be holding their annual Fall meeting on November 12th and 13th in Wausau, Wisconsin.  An Owners-only meeting on the afternoon of the 12th followed by a full...

  14. Optimal Distributed Beamforming for MISO Interference Channels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qiu, Jiaming; Luo, Zhi-Quan; Cui, Shuguang

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We consider the problem of quantifying the Pareto optimal boundary in the achievable rate region over multiple-input single-output (MISO) interference channels, where the problem boils down to solving a sequence of convex feasibility problems after certain transformations. The feasibility problem is solved by two new distributed optimal beamforming algorithms, where the first one is to parallelize the computation based on the method of alternating projections, and the second one is to localize the computation based on the method of cyclic projections. Convergence proofs are established for both algorithms.

  15. Enhanced tumor responses through therapies combining CCNU, MISO and radiation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Siemann, D.W.; Hill, S.A.

    1984-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Studies were performed to determine whether the radiation sensitizer misonidazole (MISO) could enhance the tumor control probability in a treatment strategy combining radiation and the nitrosourea 1-(2-chloroethyl)-3-cyclohexyl-1-nitrosourea (CCNU). In initial experiments KHT sarcoma-bearing mice were injected with 1.0 mg/g of MISO simultaneously with a 20 mg/kg dose of CCNU 30-40 min prior to irradiation (1500 rad). With this treatment protocol approximately 60% of the mice were found to be tumor-free 100 days post treatment. By comparison all 2 agent combinations led to 0% cures. To evaluate the relative importance of chemopotentiation versus radiosensitization in the 3 agent protocol, tumors were treated with MISO plus one anti-tumor agent (either radiation of CCNU) and then at times ranging from 0 to 24 hr later exposed to the other agent. When the time between treatments was 0 to 6 hr, a 60 to 80% tumor control rate was achieved for both MISO plus radiation followed by CCNU and MISO plus CCNU followed by radiation. However if the time interval was increased to 18 or 24 hr, the cure rate in the former treatment regimen dropped to 10% while that of the latter remained high at 40%. The data therefore indicate that (1) improved tumor responses may be achieved when MISO is added to a radiation-chemotherapy combination and (2) MISO may be more effective in such a protocol when utilized as a chemopotentiator.

  16. INVESTIGATION OF BULK POWER MIDWEST REGION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laughlin, Robert B.

    INVESTIGATION OF BULK POWER MARKETS MIDWEST REGION November 1, 2000 The analyses and conclusions Energy Regulatory Commission, any individual Commissioner, or the Commission itself #12;3-i Contents Page . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-3 A. Description of the Midwest

  17. Midwest Transmission Workshop I Summary

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kevin Bryan

    2001-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    OAK-B135 The meeting was opened with a review of the purposes of the workshop: (1) Present and discuss key studies and assessments of transmission upgrades, additions and related issues for the upper Midwest, including work that addresses the full range of views on these topics; (2) Understand the various transmission issues in the upper Midwest and discuss options for addressing the issues; and (3) Identify the decision makers and entities that need to play an active role if transmission issues are to be resolved, and agree on next steps for engaging these individuals and organizations through education, outreach, and information dissemination.

  18. Finite blocklength analysis of the MISO Coherent Block Fading Channel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collins, Austin Daniel

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Coherent MISO Block Fading Channel is a wireless communication channel model in which the transmitter has access to multiple antennas while the receiver has access to one. This model is becoming increasingly important ...

  19. Volvo: Certification of an Integrated ISO 14001 and ISO 50001...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Assistance Superior Energy Performance Volvo: Certification of an Integrated ISO 14001 and ISO 50001SEP System Volvo: Certification of an Integrated ISO 14001 and ISO...

  20. The potential impacts of a competitive wholesale market in the midwest: A preliminary examination of centralized dispatch

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lesieutre, Bernard C.; Bartholomew, Emily; Eto, Joseph H.; Hale, Douglas; Luong, Thanh

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    states and three NERC reliability regions. MISO is the firstmulti-reliability-region operation. Membership in the MISO-

  1. Midwest Clean Energy Application Center

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cuttica, John; Haefke, Cliff

    2013-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The Midwest Clean Energy Application Center (CEAC) was one of eight regional centers that promoted and assisted in transforming the market for combined heat and power (CHP), waste heat to power (WHP), and district energy (DE) technologies and concepts throughout the United States between October 1, 2009 and December 31, 2013. The key services the CEACs provided included: ? Market Opportunity Analyses – Supporting analyses of CHP market opportunities in diverse markets including industrial, federal, institutional, and commercial sectors. ? Education and Outreach – Providing information on the energy and non-energy benefits and applications of CHP to state and local policy makers, regulators, energy end-users, trade associations and others. Information was shared on the Midwest CEAC website: www.midwestcleanergy.org. ? Technical Assistance – Providing technical assistance to end-users and stakeholders to help them consider CHP, waste heat to power, and/or district energy with CHP in their facility and to help them through the project development process from initial CHP screening to installation. The Midwest CEAC provided services to the Midwest Region that included the states of Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin.

  2. A Review of Recent RTO Benefit-Cost Studies: Toward More Comprehensive Assessments of FERC Electricity Restructuring Policies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eto, Joseph H.; Lesieutre, Bernard C.

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Sponsored by Midwest Independent System Operator (MISO) CRA.price million Midwest Independent System Operator megawatt

  3. A Survey of Utility Experience with Real Time Pricing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barbose, Galen; Goldman, Charles; Neenan, Bernie

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    probability Midwest Independent System Operator marginalopening of the Midwest Independent System Operator’s (MISO)

  4. 2008 WIND TECHNOLOGIES MARKET REPORT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bolinger, Mark

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Laboratory Midwest Independent System Operator NorthInterconnection, Midwest Independent System Operator (MISO),

  5. Real Time Pricing as a Default or Optional Service for C&I Customers: A Comparative Analysis of Eight Case Studies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barbose, Galen; Goldman, Charles; Bharvirkar, Ranjit; Hopper, Nicole; Ting, Michael; Neenan, Bernie

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Commission Midwest Independent System Operator megawattOPUC 2005). The Midwest Independent System Operator (MISO)

  6. Online Policies for Opportunistic Virtual MISO Routing in Wireless Ad Hoc Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rossi, Michele

    Online Policies for Opportunistic Virtual MISO Routing in Wireless Ad Hoc Networks Cristiano in virtual multiple input single output (MISO) trans- missions and space-time block codes have been proposed

  7. Spatial Interference Mitigation for Multiple Input Multiple Output Ad Hoc Networks: MISO Gains

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Spatial Interference Mitigation for Multiple Input Multiple Output Ad Hoc Networks: MISO Gains beamforming for a multiple input single output (MISO) ad hoc network to increase the density of successful

  8. Large System Analysis of Zero-Forcing Precoding in MISO Broadcast Channels with Limited

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Large System Analysis of Zero-Forcing Precoding in MISO Broadcast Channels with Limited Feedback in MISO broadcast channels with limited feed- back, transmit correlation and path loss. Our analysis

  9. Virtual MISO Triggers in WiFi-like Networks Oscar Bejarano and Edward W. Knightly

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Knightly, Edward W.

    Virtual MISO Triggers in WiFi-like Networks Oscar Bejarano and Edward W. Knightly ECE Department, Rice University, Houston, TX 77005 Technical Report Abstract--Virtual Multiple-Input Single-Output (vMISO) sys- tems distribute multi-antenna diversity capabilities between a sending and a cooperating node. vMISO

  10. Time Reversal with MISO for Ultra-Wideband Communications: Experimental Results (invited paper)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qiu, Robert Caiming

    TH2B-1 Time Reversal with MISO for Ultra-Wideband Communications: Experimental Results (invited Output (MISO) is enabled by the use of the TR scheme. Two basic problems are investigated experimentally for the first time in electromagnetics. Index Terms -- TR, MISO, UWB, channel reciprocity. I. INTRODUCTION UWB

  11. Weighted Sum Rate Maximization of Correlated MISO Broadcast Channels under Linear Precoding

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 Weighted Sum Rate Maximization of Correlated MISO Broadcast Channels under Linear Precoding algorithm proposed by Christensen et al. in large correlated MISO broadcast channels. We propose a novel maximization. I. INTRODUCTION WE consider the multiple-input single-output (MISO) broadcast channel (BC

  12. On Duality in the MISO Interference Channel Francesco Negro, Irfan Ghauri, Dirk T.M. Slock

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gesbert, David

    On Duality in the MISO Interference Channel Francesco Negro, Irfan Ghauri, Dirk T.M. Slock Infineon in a multi-input single- output (MISO) interference channel (IFC) and its dual SIMO with linear transmit (Tx for the IFC. We show that SINR duality under the sum power constraint nevertheless holds in the MISO IFC

  13. Beamforming in MISO Systems: Empirical Results and EVM-based Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 Beamforming in MISO Systems: Empirical Results and EVM-based Analysis Melissa Duarte, Ashutosh-based study of beamforming Multiple Input Single Output (MISO) systems. We analyze the performance of beamforming MISO systems taking into account implementation complexity and effects of imperfect channel

  14. Asymptotic Analysis of Regularized Zero-Forcing Precoding in MISO Broadcast Channels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Asymptotic Analysis of Regularized Zero-Forcing Precoding in MISO Broadcast Channels with Limited analyse the asymptotic sum-rate of regularized zero-forcing (RZF) precoding in MISO broadcast channels equivalent of mfK @zA. III. SYSTEM MODEL Consider the MISO broadcast channel composed of one central

  15. Virtual MISO Triggers in Wi-Fi-like Networks Oscar Bejarano and Edward W. Knightly

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Knightly, Edward W.

    Virtual MISO Triggers in Wi-Fi-like Networks Oscar Bejarano and Edward W. Knightly ECE Department-Input Single-Output (vMISO) sys- tems distribute multi-antenna diversity capabilities between a sending and a cooperating node. vMISO has the potential to vastly improve wireless link reliability and bit error rates

  16. COMPRESSIVE INVERSE SCATTERING I. HIGH FREQUENCY SIMO/MISO AND MIMO MEASUREMENTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fannjiang, Albert

    COMPRESSIVE INVERSE SCATTERING I. HIGH FREQUENCY SIMO/MISO AND MIMO MEASUREMENTS ALBERT C), multiple-input-single-output (MISO) or multiple-input-multiple-output (MIMO) measurements is analyzed of the data either with the MIMO measurement for the Born scattering or with the SIMO/MISO measurement

  17. Virtual MISO: Experimental Evaluation of MAC to Network-Scale Factors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Virtual MISO: Experimental Evaluation of MAC to Network-Scale Factors Oscar Bejarano and Edward W-Input Single-Output (vMISO) sys- tems distribute multi-antenna diversity capabilities between a sending and a cooperating node. vMISO has been shown to vastly improve wireless link reliability and bit error rates

  18. A Robust RAM-THP Architecture for Downlink Multiuser MISO Transmission with User Scheduling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gulak, P. Glenn

    A Robust RAM-THP Architecture for Downlink Multiuser MISO Transmission with User Scheduling Saeed-Forcing Tomlinson-Harashima Precoding (ZF-THP) for multi-user trans- mission in a multiple-input-single-output (MU-MISO-THP, zero-forcing, multi- user MISO, precoding, scheduling. I. INTRODUCTION Multiple-Input Multiple

  19. Degrees of Freedom of Time Correlated MISO Broadcast Channel with Delayed CSIT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gesbert, David

    1 Degrees of Freedom of Time Correlated MISO Broadcast Channel with Delayed CSIT Sheng Yang, Member Abstract We consider the time correlated MISO broadcast channel where the transmitter has imperfect 0, we characterize the optimal degree of freedom region for this more general two-user MISO

  20. Degrees of Freedom of Time Correlated MISO Broadcast Channel with Delayed CSIT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gesbert, David

    1 Degrees of Freedom of Time Correlated MISO Broadcast Channel with Delayed CSIT Sheng Yang, Member Abstract We consider the time correlated MISO broadcast channel where the transmitter has imperfect characterize the optimal degree of freedom region for this more general two-user MISO broadcast correlated

  1. On the Fundamental Feedback-vs-Performance Tradeoff over the MISO-BC with Imperfect and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gesbert, David

    On the Fundamental Feedback-vs-Performance Tradeoff over the MISO-BC with Imperfect and Delayed--This work considers the multiuser multiple-input single-output (MISO) broadcast channel (BC), where. Specifically, this work provides a novel DoF region outer bound for the general K- user M ×1 MISO BC

  2. NON-CONVEX UTILITY MAXIMIZATION IN GAUSSIAN MISO BROADCAST AND INTERFERENCE CHANNELS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simeone, Osvaldo

    NON-CONVEX UTILITY MAXIMIZATION IN GAUSSIAN MISO BROADCAST AND INTERFERENCE CHANNELS M. Rossi, A. M- imization [1] or SINR balancing for the multiple-input single-output (MISO) BC [2], and thus solvable, MISO BC and IC WSRM with general convex power constraint. The proposed BB approach is based

  3. Energy Efficiency Analysis of MISO-OFDM Communication Systems Considering Power and Capacity Constraints

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Cheng-Xiang

    Energy Efficiency Analysis of MISO-OFDM Communication Systems Considering Power and Capacity efficiency of multi-input single-output and orthogonal frequency division multiplex- ing (MISO problem of MISO-OFDM communication systems, the minimum subchannel transmission power is analyzed

  4. Robust MMSE Tomlinson-Harashima Precoder for Multiuser MISO Downlink with Imperfect CSI

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chockalingam, A.

    Robust MMSE Tomlinson-Harashima Precoder for Multiuser MISO Downlink with Imperfect CSI P Abstract--Non-linear precoding for the downlink of a multiuser MISO (multiple-input single-linear precoders in the lit- erature. Keywords ­ Multiuser MISO downlink, multiuser interference, imperfect CSI

  5. LINEAR SPACE-TIME PRECODING FOR RICIAN FADING MISO CHANNELS Mai Vu, Arogyaswami Paulraj

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vu, Mai

    LINEAR SPACE-TIME PRECODING FOR RICIAN FADING MISO CHANNELS Mai Vu, Arogyaswami Paulraj Stanford, Australia Email: r.evans@ee.mu.oz.au ABSTRACT We study a space-time precoding technique for MISO wire- less in practice. In this paper, we study a particular space-time coding scheme with memory for Rician MISO

  6. Joint Power Control and Beamforming Codebook Design for MISO Channels under the Outage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yu, Wei

    Joint Power Control and Beamforming Codebook Design for MISO Channels under the Outage Criterion and beamforming codebooks for limited-feedback multiple-input single-output (MISO) wireless systems. The problem focuses on optimal design of single-user limited-feedback systems over multiple-input single-output (MISO

  7. COORDINATION ON THE MISO INTERFERENCE CHANNEL USING THE VIRTUAL SINR Randa Zakhour and David Gesbert

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gesbert, David

    COORDINATION ON THE MISO INTERFERENCE CHANNEL USING THE VIRTUAL SINR FRAMEWORK Randa Zakhour antenna users, this corresponds to the so-called MISO IC considered among oth- ers in [1, 2). Assuming each transmitter has multiple antennas and each receiver a single antenna, the setting is the MISO

  8. Experimental Results on Multiple-Input Single-Output (MISO) Time Reversal for UWB

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qiu, Robert Caiming

    Experimental Results on Multiple-Input Single-Output (MISO) Time Reversal for UWB Systems with multiple-input single- output (MISO) antennas over ultra-wideband (UWB) channels. In particular, temporal and spatial focusing as well as array gain are studied based on a (4 × 1) MISO scheme in an office environment

  9. Jamming Countermeasures for Multi-User MISO Broadcast Channels -a DoF perspective

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buehrer, R. Michael

    Jamming Countermeasures for Multi-User MISO Broadcast Channels - a DoF perspective SaiDhiraj Amuru the multi-user multiple-input single-output (MISO) broadcast channel (BC) in the presence of jamming attacks is quantified in terms of the degrees-of-freedom (DoF) of the MISO BC under various assumptions regarding

  10. Efficient Computation of the Pareto Boundary for the MISO Interference Channel with Perfect CSI

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Efficient Computation of the Pareto Boundary for the MISO Interference Channel with Perfect CSI,erik.larsson}@isy.liu.se Abstract--We consider the two-user multiple-input single- output (MISO) interference channel and the rate of the IFC is called a multiple-input single-output (MISO) This work was supported in part by the Swedish

  11. FPGA Based UWB MISO Time-Reversal System Design and Implementation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qiu, Robert Caiming

    FPGA Based UWB MISO Time-Reversal System Design and Implementation Yu Song, Nan Guo, Zhen Hu and implementation of ultra-wideband (UWB) multiple-input single-output (MISO) time-reversal system are presented. The implementation is based on field programmable gate array (FPGA). The combination of MISO with UWB time

  12. UWB MISO Time Reversal With Energy Detector Receiver Over ISI Channels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qiu, Robert Caiming

    UWB MISO Time Reversal With Energy Detector Receiver Over ISI Channels Nan Guo, John Q. Zhang investigates a multiple input single output (MISO) time reversal system for ultra-wideband (UWB) communication channel model for antenna array related study. Numerical results suggest that the proposed MISO time

  13. Spatial and Temporal Power Allocation for MISO Systems with Delayed Feedback

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bhashyam, Srikrishna

    Spatial and Temporal Power Allocation for MISO Systems with Delayed Feedback Venkata Sreekanta@ee.iitm.ac.in Abstract-- We determine the minimum outage probabil- ity of multiple-input single-output (MISO) channels control. I. INTRODUCTION The minimum outage probability of multiple-input single-output (MISO) channels

  14. A Cross-Layer Framework for Exploiting Virtual MISO Links in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krishnamurthy, Srikanth

    A Cross-Layer Framework for Exploiting Virtual MISO Links in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks Gentian requiring the deployment of physical antenna arrays. Virtual MISO entails the simultaneous transmission. We present a novel multilayer approach for exploiting virtual MISO links in ad hoc networks

  15. Optimization of Feedback in a MISO Downlink with Energy Harvesting Users

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Uysal-Biyikoglu, Elif

    Optimization of Feedback in a MISO Downlink with Energy Harvesting Users Mahdi Shakiba channel states) in order to maximize certain throughput goals. While the MISO chan- nel capacity from to the energy budget of the users. Note that in the Multi Input Single Output (MISO) channel (with m antennas

  16. QoS-Constrained Robust Beamforming in MISO Wiretap Channels with a Helper

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Swindlehurst, A. Lee

    QoS-Constrained Robust Beamforming in MISO Wiretap Channels with a Helper Jing Huang and A. Lee for multiple-input single-output (MISO) wiretap chan- nels with a helper. The channel state information (CSI]­[8]. In particular, for multiple-input single-output (MISO) wiretap channels, the optimal transmit covariance matrix

  17. Beamforming on the MISO interference channel with multi-user decoding capability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gesbert, David

    1 Beamforming on the MISO interference channel with multi-user decoding capability K. M. Ho , D,mochaourab}@ifn.et.tu-dresden.de Abstract-- This paper considers the multiple-input- single-output interference channel (MISO-IC) in which the received signal. On the MISO-IC with single user decoding, transmit beamforming vectors are designed

  18. IEEE ANTENNAS AND WIRELESS PROPAGATION LETTERS, VOL. 5, 2006 1 Time Reversal With MISO for Ultrawideband

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qiu, Robert Caiming

    IEEE ANTENNAS AND WIRELESS PROPAGATION LETTERS, VOL. 5, 2006 1 Time Reversal With MISO applications. UWB multiple input­single output (MISO) is enabled by the use of the TR scheme. Two basic. Index Terms--Channel reciprocity, multiple input­single output (MISO), time reversal (TR), ultrawideband

  19. ON THE USAGE OF ANTENNAS IN MIMO AND MISO INTERFERENCE CHANNELS Mariam Kaynia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gesbert, David

    ON THE USAGE OF ANTENNAS IN MIMO AND MISO INTERFERENCE CHANNELS Mariam Kaynia , Andrea J. Goldsmith case of a MISO chan- nel is considered, where exact expressions for the ergodic capac- ity of the capacity of a MISO broadcast channel with a random beamformer is derived. However, the impact

  20. BLIND CHANNEL IDENTIFICATION OF MISO SYSTEMS BASED ON THE CP DECOMPOSITION OF CUMULANT TENSORS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    BLIND CHANNEL IDENTIFICATION OF MISO SYSTEMS BASED ON THE CP DECOMPOSITION OF CUMULANT TENSORS algorithm for identifying the parameters of MISO sys- tem. 1. INTRODUCTION We consider the following-Input Single-Output (MISO) channel, y[n] is the output signal. Signals and system are assumed to be complex

  1. Coordination on the MISO Interference Channel Using the Virtual SINR Framework

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gesbert, David

    Coordination on the MISO Interference Channel Using the Virtual SINR Framework Randa Zakhour David;Outline Motivation Cooperation in multi-cell/link systems MISO IC System Model and Performance Measures Motivation Cooperation in multi-cell/link systems MISO IC System Model and Performance Measures Virtual SINR

  2. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INFORMATION THEORY, VOL. 60, NO. 6, JUNE 2014 3593 Retroactive Antijamming for MISO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buehrer, R. Michael

    for MISO Broadcast Channels SaiDhiraj Amuru, Student Member, IEEE, Ravi Tandon, Member, IEEE, Richard and increased power consumption. In this paper, we consider the multiple-input single-output (MISO) broadcastF) of the MISO BC under various assumptions regarding the availability of the channel state information (CSIT

  3. Beamforming for the Underlay Cognitive MISO Interference Channel via UL-DL Duality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gesbert, David

    Beamforming for the Underlay Cognitive MISO Interference Channel via UL-DL Duality Francesco Negro.negro@eurecom.fr, dirk.slock@eurecom.fr Abstract--SINR duality is shown in a multi-input single- output (MISO) downlink for the IFC. We show that SINR duality under the sum power constraint nevertheless holds in the MISO IFC

  4. BEAMFORMING MAXIMIZES THE MISO COMPOUND CAPACITY Ami Wiesel, Yonina C. Eldar and Shlomo Shamai (Shitz)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eldar, Yonina

    BEAMFORMING MAXIMIZES THE MISO COMPOUND CAPACITY Ami Wiesel, Yonina C. Eldar and Shlomo Shamai for exploiting this multiple in- put single output (MISO) channel are space time coding, and beamforming (BF]. The capacity achieving transmit technique in MISO chan- nels with additive Gaussian noise is signaling using

  5. Closed Loop System with Feedback Control MISO control laws SISO control law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ben-Yakar, Adela

    Closed Loop System with Feedback Control MISO control laws SISO control law Switching Control demand · Two control modes for wind turbine: MISO & SISO · Proportional Integral (PI) feedback control Modes MISO SISO Inputs Blade Pitch Angle, Generator Torque Blade Pitch Angle Output Power Power

  6. ICI Canceling Space-Frequency Block Code for MISO-OFDM in Fast Fading Channels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Yong Hoon

    ICI Canceling Space-Frequency Block Code for MISO-OFDM in Fast Fading Channels Jae Yeun Yun, Eui}@ee.kaist.ac.kr Abstract-- An intercarrier interference (ICI) canceling technique for multiple-input single-output (MISO) at the receiver for multiple-input single-output (MISO) systems. The code design is based on the approximated

  7. Distributed Interference Pricing with MISO Changxin Shi, Randall A. Berry, and Michael L. Honig

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Honig, Michael L.

    Distributed Interference Pricing with MISO Channels Changxin Shi, Randall A. Berry, and Michael L an interference channel consisting of multi-input, single- output (MISO) wireless links. The objective] can be directly generalized to a MISO network, as shown in Section II. Such an algorithm

  8. Joint Power Control and Beamforming Codebook Design for MISO Channels with Limited Feedback

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yu, Wei

    Joint Power Control and Beamforming Codebook Design for MISO Channels with Limited Feedback Behrouz-input single-output (MISO) wireless systems with a rate-limited feedback link. The problem is cast in the form-output (MISO) channel with channel state information at the receiver (CSIR) and a noiseless delay-free feedback

  9. Weighted Sum Rate Maximization in the Underlay Cognitive MISO Interference Channel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gesbert, David

    Weighted Sum Rate Maximization in the Underlay Cognitive MISO Interference Channel Laurent Gallo) maximization for a K-user Multiple-Input Single-Output (MISO) cognitive Interference Channel (IFC) with linear studied in a non-cognitive scenario for the MISO inter- ference channel (IFC) in [3], where a distributed

  10. Outage Probability of MISO Broadcast Systems with Noisy Channel Side Information

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lim, Teng Joon

    Outage Probability of MISO Broadcast Systems with Noisy Channel Side Information Alon Shalev output (MISO) systems. However, these schemes generally require perfect channel information) of a linear zero forcing transmitter, operating in a fading MISO broadcast channel. We consider a rectangular

  11. Mean-Variance Optimal Linear Precoders for Random MISO Broadcast Channels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lim, Teng Joon

    Mean-Variance Optimal Linear Precoders for Random MISO Broadcast Channels Alon Shalev Housfater the problem of designing linear pre- coders for Gaussian multiple input, single output (MISO) broad- cast (BC and constraint functions. I. INTRODUCTION Random MISO BC channels are powerful models for the practical scenario

  12. MISO time reversal and delay spread compression for FWA channels at 5GHz

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Papanicolaou, George C.

    MISO time reversal and delay spread compression for FWA channels at 5GHz Persefoni Kyritsi, Member (MISO) can reduce the delay spread of the channel impulse response by a factor of 2-3, depending transmitter instead. The paper is structured as follows. Section II describes the concept of TR in a MISO

  13. Experimental Demonstration of Time-Reversal MISO and MIMO Arrays with IEEE 802.11g

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stancil, Daniel D.

    Experimental Demonstration of Time-Reversal MISO and MIMO Arrays with IEEE 802.11g Devices through-- A practical demonstration of IEEE 802.11g trans- missions using time-reversal antenna arrays in MISO and MIMO with great potential for use in MISO (multiple-input single output) arrays [5, 6]. In this work we present

  14. Blind identification of MISO-FIR channels Carlos Est^ev~ao R. Fernandes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Blind identification of MISO-FIR channels Carlos Est^ev~ao R. Fernandes , Pierre Comon , G, vol.90 Abstract In this paper, we address the problem of determining the order of MISO channels to false alarm. Afterwards, we introduce the concept of MISO channel nested detectors based on a deflation

  15. An Opportunistic Virtual MISO (OVM) Protocol for Multi-hop Wireless Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Perkins, Dmitri

    1 An Opportunistic Virtual MISO (OVM) Protocol for Multi-hop Wireless Networks Van Nguyen-utilized and performance is not maximized. In this work, we propose the Opportunistic Virtual MISO (OVM) protocol for multi-hop wireless networks. OVM combines virtual MISO (using space- time block codes) and cooperative diversity

  16. 2010 Wind Technologies Market Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wiser, Ryan

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    kilowatt-hour Midwest Independent System Operator megawattPJM), Midwest Independent System Operator (MISO), New Yorkin 2009. The Midwest Independent System Operator (MISO) (net

  17. 1268 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON COMMUNICATIONS, VOL. 59, NO. 5, MAY 2011 MISO Capacity with Per-Antenna Power Constraint

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vu, Mai

    1268 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON COMMUNICATIONS, VOL. 59, NO. 5, MAY 2011 MISO Capacity with Per scheme for a MISO channel with per-antenna power constraint. Two cases of channel state information--Per-antenna power, MISO capacity, MISO wire- less, beamforming. I. INTRODUCTION THE capacity of a MIMO wireless

  18. Midwest Renewable Energy Tracking System (Multiple States)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Midwest Renewable Energy Tracking System (M-RETS®) tracks renewable energy generation in participating States and Provinces and assists in verifying compliance with individual state/provincial...

  19. 2009 Wind Technologies Market Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wiser, Ryan

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Offered Rate Midwest Independent System Operator MMS MNDOCInterconnection, Midwest Independent System Operator (MISO),2009. Midwest Independent Transmission System Operator, Inc.

  20. EERE Leadership Discusses Energy Innovation in Midwest | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    EERE Leadership Discusses Energy Innovation in Midwest EERE Leadership Discusses Energy Innovation in Midwest October 28, 2014 - 3:06pm Addthis EERE Leadership Discusses Energy...

  1. State and Local Code Implementation: Midwest Region - 2014 BTO...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Code Implementation: Midwest Region - 2014 BTO Peer Review Presenter: Isaac Elencave, Midwest Energy Efficiency Alliance View the Presentation State and Local Code...

  2. Midwest Transmission Workshop III Summary

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kevin Bryan

    2003-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

    OAK-B135 On March 12-13, 2002, the National Wind Coordinating Committee (NWCC), in cooperation with regional stakeholders, held a two-day workshop: Planning for Electrical Transmission Needs in the Upper Midwest. The workshop was the outgrowth of an effort to develop a forum and process for consideration of transmission options that strives for equitable allocation of benefits and impacts among all affected parties. The goal of this workshop was to provide a catalyst for an enhanced, inclusive process for transmission planning with participation of and acceptance by all affected stakeholders. Participants in the meeting included representatives of state and regional regulatory agencies, utilities and power generators, the wind industry, environmental and landowner interests, and other interested parties (see Attachment A for a list of meeting participants).

  3. 50 IEEE COMMUNICATIONS LETTERS, VOL. 18, NO. 1, JANUARY 2014 On Ergodic Secrecy Rate for MISO Wiretap Broadcast Channels with

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Swindlehurst, A. Lee

    50 IEEE COMMUNICATIONS LETTERS, VOL. 18, NO. 1, JANUARY 2014 On Ergodic Secrecy Rate for MISO-input single-output (MISO) broadcast channel. We consider an extension of the model in [1], where a multiple MODEL AND ASSUMPTIONS We consider a MISO wiretap broadcast channel with M antennas at the BS, K mobile

  4. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SIGNAL PROCESSING, VOL. 62, NO. 4, FEBRUARY 15, 2014 993 Adaptive Limited Feedback for MISO Wiretap

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Swindlehurst, A. Lee

    Feedback for MISO Wiretap Channels With Cooperative Jamming Minyan Pei, A. Lee Swindlehurst, Fellow, IEEE--Cooperative jamming, feedback bits allocation, limited feedback, MISO wiretap channel. I. INTRODUCTION P HYSICAL layer for mul- tiple-input single-output (MISO) wiretap channels, which have Manuscript received May 30, 2013

  5. Stanford University Exploiting Channel Knowledge at the Tx in MISO and MIMO Wireless Exploiting Partial Channel Knowledge at

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paulraj, Arogyaswami

    Stanford University Exploiting Channel Knowledge at the Tx in MISO and MIMO Wireless Exploiting Partial Channel Knowledge at the Transmitter in MISO and MIMO Wireless SPAWC 2003 Rome, Italy June 18 Exploiting Channel Knowledge at the Tx in MISO and MIMO Wireless Outline Introduction · Perfect CSI

  6. SMSE PRECODER DESIGN IN A MULTIUSER MISO SYSTEM WITH LIMITED FEEDBACK Muhammad Nazmul Islam and Raviraj Adve

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adve, Raviraj

    SMSE PRECODER DESIGN IN A MULTIUSER MISO SYSTEM WITH LIMITED FEEDBACK Muhammad Nazmul Islam in the downlink of a multi-user (MU) multiple input single output (MISO) sys- tem with quantized channel state MISO linear transceivers that exist in the limited feedback literature. Second, we show analytically

  7. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON VEHICULAR TECHNOLOGY, VOL. 56, NO. 3, MAY 2007 1197 An Interleave-Division-Multiplexing MISO System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ping, Li

    -Division-Multiplexing MISO System With Partial CSI at Transmitter Chuxiang Li, Kai Li, Xiaodong Wang, Senior Member, IEEE-division-multiplexing (IDM) multiple-input­ single-output (MISO) system with partial channel state information (CSI the performance of such an IDM-MISO system. In particular, an SNR tracking method is proposed to calculate

  8. BEAMFORMING AND PAPR REDUCTION FOR MISO-OFDM SYSTEMS Jingon Joung, Eui-Rim Jeong, and Yong H. Lee

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Yong Hoon

    BEAMFORMING AND PAPR REDUCTION FOR MISO-OFDM SYSTEMS Jingon Joung, Eui-Rim Jeong, and Yong H. Lee single-output (MISO) orthogonal frequency division multiplex- ing (OFDM) systems with beamforming, peak-to-average power ratio (PAPR), multiple- input single-output (MISO), beamforming. 1. INTRODUCTION

  9. DEGREES OF FREEDOM IN THE MISO BC WITH DELAYED-CSIT AND FINITE COHERENCE TIME: A SIMPLE OPTIMAL SCHEME

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gesbert, David

    DEGREES OF FREEDOM IN THE MISO BC WITH DELAYED-CSIT AND FINITE COHERENCE TIME: A SIMPLE OPTIMAL the multi-input single-output (MISO) Broadcast Channel (BC), the multi-user (MU) downlink in a cell scheme was proposed in [9] for the time cor- related MISO broadcast channel with 2 users. This scheme

  10. A Low-Complexity Precoder for Large Multiuser MISO Systems Saif K. Mohammed, A. Chockalingam, and B. Sundar Rajan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kumar, Anurag

    A Low-Complexity Precoder for Large Multiuser MISO Systems Saif K. Mohammed, A. Chockalingam, and B--In this paper, we consider the problem of precoding in large multiuser MISO systems, where by `large' we mean i user has one receive antenna. Such large MISO systems will be of immense interest because of the high

  11. 170 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SIGNAL PROCESSING, VOL. 61, NO. 1, JANUARY 1, 2013 Competing for Secrecy in the MISO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Swindlehurst, A. Lee

    in the MISO Interference Channel S. Ali A. Fakoorian, Member, IEEE, and A. Lee Swindlehurst, Fellow, IEEE Abstract--A secure communication game is considered for the two-user MISO Gaussian interference channel parameters on the NE strategies. Index Terms--Game theory, information theory, interference channel, MISO

  12. Guide to ISO 20121 What is ISO 20121?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harman, Neal.A.

    Guide to ISO 20121 What is ISO 20121? ISO 20121 is a standard about your way of working and how you of actions you must do but a collection of processes which you need to implement across your business. ISO the starting point of BS 8901. Over 30 countries and 4 liaison bodies were involved in the creation of ISO

  13. On the Degrees of Freedom of time correlated MISO broadcast channel with delayed CSIT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gesbert, David

    On the Degrees of Freedom of time correlated MISO broadcast channel with delayed CSIT Mari consider the time correlated MISO broadcast channel where the transmitter has partial knowledge estimation. However, many wireless applications must guarantee high-data rate and reliable commu- nication

  14. Standards for language encoding: ISO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Erjavec, Toma?

    Standards for language encoding: ISO Tomaz Erjavec Dept. of Knowledge Technologies Jozef Stefan Institute ESSLLI 2011 #12;Overview of the lecture 1. How ISO works 2. ISO TC 37 3. Dates, times & languages 4. ISO Annotation Frameworks #12;http://www.iso.org/ The world's largest developer and publisher

  15. Beamforming in MISO Systems: Empirical Results and EVM-based Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duarte, Melissa; Dick, Chris; Rao, Raghu

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present an analytical, simulation, and experimental-based study of beamforming Multiple Input Single Output (MISO) systems. We analyze the performance of beamforming MISO systems taking into account implementation complexity and effects of imperfect channel estimate, delayed feedback, real Radio Frequency (RF) hardware, and imperfect timing synchronization. Our results show that efficient implementation of codebook-based beamforming MISO systems with good performance is feasible in the presence of channel and implementation-induced imperfections. As part of our study we develop a framework for Average Error Vector Magnitude Squared (AEVMS)-based analysis of beamforming MISO systems which facilitates comparison of analytical, simulation, and experimental results on the same scale. In addition, AEVMS allows fair comparison of experimental results obtained from different wireless testbeds. We derive novel expressions for the AEVMS of beamforming MISO systems and show how the AEVMS relates to important system ...

  16. ISO 14001: An Executive Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simon, Richard

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Review: ISO 14001: An Executive Report By Gordon A. West andA. and Manta, Joseph G. ISO 14001: An Executive Report.management standards, ISO 14001: An Executive Report stands

  17. Midwest Electric, Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |JilinLu anMicrogreen Polymers Inc Jump to:Jump to:MiddleMidwestMidwest

  18. Current Quality Culture Mini Paper ISO 9000 2000

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vardeman, Stephen B.

    of three quality systems: ISO 9001, ISO 9002 or ISO 9003 (ISO9). The 1994 editions of ISO 9001, ISO 9002 and ISO 9003 standards will be consolidated into the single ISO 9001:2000 standard (ISO). ISO 9000 2000 and respected throughout the world. ISO 9000 2000 includes three quality standards: ISO 9000:2000, ISO 9001

  19. ISO and ISO 9000 Jennifer G. Simpson and Tara Moses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vardeman, Stephen B.

    -standards are (www.isoeasy.org): ISO 9001: Quality systems model for design, development, production, installationISO and ISO 9000 Jennifer G. Simpson and Tara Moses Why standardization? Imagine driving up of characteristics, to ensure that materials, products, processes, and services are fit for their purpose" (www.iso

  20. The potential impacts of a competitive wholesale market in the midwest: A preliminary examination of centralized dispatch

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lesieutre, Bernard C.; Bartholomew, Emily; Eto, Joseph H.; Hale, Douglas; Luong, Thanh

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Impacts of a Competitive Wholesale Market in the Midwest: AImpacts of a Competitive Wholesale Market in the Midwest: AImpacts of a Competitive Wholesale Market in the Midwest: A

  1. MIDWEST REGIONAL CARBON SEQUESTRATION PARTNERSHIP (MRCSP)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    David Ball; Judith Bradbury; Rattan Lal; Larry Wickstrom; Neeraj Gupta; Robert Burns; Bob Dahowski

    2004-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

    This is the first semiannual report for Phase I of the Midwest Carbon Sequestration Partnership (MRCSP). The project consists of nine tasks to be conducted over a two year period that started in October 2003. The makeup of the MRCSP and objectives are described. Progress on each of the active Tasks is also described and where possible, for those Tasks at some point of completion, a summary of results is presented.

  2. Robust Precoder for Multiuser MISO Downlink with SINR Constraints

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ubaidulla, P

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper, we consider linear precoding with SINR constraints for the downlink of a multiuser MISO (multiple-input single-output) communication system in the presence of imperfect channel state information (CSI). The base station is equipped with multiple transmit antennas and each user terminal is equipped with a single receive antenna. We propose a robust design of linear precoder which transmits minimum power to provide the required SINR at the user terminals when the true channel state lies in a region of a given size around the channel state available at the transmitter. We show that this design problem can be formulated as a Second Order Cone Program (SOCP) which can be solved efficiently. We compare the performance of the proposed design with some of the robust designs reported in the literature. Simulation results show that the proposed robust design provides better performance with reduced complexity.

  3. On Ergodic Secrecy Capacity for Gaussian MISO Wiretap Channels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Jiangyuan

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A Gaussian multiple-input single-output (MISO) wiretap channel model is considered, where there exists a transmitter equipped with multiple antennas, a legitimate receiver and an eavesdropper each equipped with a single antenna. We study the problem of finding the optimal input covariance that achieves ergodic secrecy capacity subject to a power constraint where only statistical information about the eavesdropper channel is available at the transmitter. This is a non-convex optimization problem that is in general difficult to solve. Existing results address the case in which the eavesdropper or/and legitimate channels have independent and identically distributed Gaussian entries with zero-mean and unit-variance, i.e., the channels have trivial covariances. This paper addresses the general case where eavesdropper and legitimate channels have nontrivial covariances. A set of equations describing the optimal input covariance matrix are proposed along with an algorithm to obtain the solution. Based on this framew...

  4. MISO Capacity with Per-Antenna Power Constraint

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vu, Mai

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We establish in closed-form the capacity and the optimal signaling scheme for a MISO channel with per-antenna power constraint. Two cases of channel state information are considered: constant channel known at both the transmitter and receiver, and Rayleigh fading channel known only at the receiver. For the first case, the optimal signaling scheme is beamforming with the phases of the beam weights matched to the phases of the channel coefficients, but the amplitudes independent of the channel coefficients and dependent only on the constrained powers. For the second case, the optimal scheme is to send independent signals from the antennas with the constrained powers. In both cases, the capacity with per-antenna power constraint is usually less than that with sum power constraint.

  5. ISO 9001 ISO 14001 AS 9100 CERTIFIED Mini-Circuits

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wedeward, Kevin

    ISO 9001 ISO 14001 AS 9100 CERTIFIED Mini-Circuits ® P.O. Box 350166, Brooklyn, New York 11235.65 9.65 14.48 4.57 8.38 5.33 5.59 4.57 25.40 12.70 8.89 4.57 2.69 35.0 #12;ISO 9001 ISO 14001 AS 9100

  6. ISOE Pilot Project Update

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    D. A. Hagemeyer D. E. Lewis

    2012-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

    This slide show introduces the Pilot Project to increase the value of Information System on Occupational Exposure (ISOE)#11;data by increasing participation and amount of data reported from the U.S., reduce the hurdles and effort in participating, streamline the process of reporting and reduce time delay, and eliminate data entry and redundant effort.

  7. License Iso. CM35

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    License Iso. CM35 hUhUll4MhiM&POlltYll7 llolh-thRqalStract Alolan&le, vlrghla Attoatlonl w. & 0. EutahlDon Pursuant to the Atanic Energy Act of 1954 and Section 40.21 or the Code...

  8. Seeking Laboratory Accreditation Under ISO 15189

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rodriguez, Carlos

    Seeking Laboratory Accreditation Under ISO 15189 An ISO Revision for 2012 and Beyond Bio . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Improving Laboratory Quality with ISO 15189 Preparations and Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Gap Analysis, Quality Policy, Quality Manager and Quality Manual ISO Documentation

  9. Midwest Forensics Resource Center | The Ames Laboratory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOnItemResearch > The EnergyCenterDioxide Capture in the PresenceEnergyMolecularMidwest

  10. EIA - Natural Gas Pipeline System - Midwest Region

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40Coal Stocks at1,066,688 760,877 951,322DevelopmentConfigurationMidwest Region

  11. Midwest Underground Technology | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOfRose BendMiasole Inc JumpMicroPlanet Name: Midwest IndependentCredits

  12. Midwest Biodiesel Products | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer Plant JumpMarysville, Ohio:Menomonee| OpenMickeyDelaware: EnergyMidnight PointMidway,Midwest

  13. Midwest, Wyoming: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer Plant JumpMarysville, Ohio:Menomonee| OpenMickeyDelaware:Midwest, Wyoming: Energy Resources

  14. Midwest Electric Member Corp | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |JilinLu anMicrogreen Polymers Inc Jump to:Jump to:MiddleMidwest

  15. Midwest Energy Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |JilinLu anMicrogreen Polymers Inc Jump to:JumpMidwest Energy Inc Jump

  16. Midwest Building Energy Program | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYouTube YouTube Note: Since the.pdfBreaking ofOil &315_ArnibanPriority DataPART 970Midwest Building Energy Program

  17. 1696 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SIGNAL PROCESSING, VOL. 60, NO. 4, APRIL 2012 Robust Secure Transmission in MISO Channels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Swindlehurst, A. Lee

    in MISO Channels Based on Worst-Case Optimization Jing Huang, Student Member, IEEE, and A. Lee-output (MISO) wiretap channels. Both the cases of direct transmission and cooperative jamming with a helper messages can be reliably transmitted to the receiver and kept perfectly secret from the eavesdropper

  18. Empirical Validation of Energy-Neutral Operation on Wearable Devices by MISO Beamforming of IEEE 802.11ac

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shinozuka, Masanobu

    Empirical Validation of Energy-Neutral Operation on Wearable Devices by MISO Beamforming of IEEE.11ac's multiple input, single output (MISO) structure to focus the transmit power to im- prove environments, and they can act as a reliable source by emit- ting RF power in a controlled manner. Although RF

  19. Robust Downlink Beamforming in Multiuser MISO Cognitive Radio Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gharavol, Ebrahim A; Mouthaan, Koenraad

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper studies the problem of robust downlink beamforming design in a multiuser Multi-Input Single-Output (MISO) Cognitive Radio Network (CR-Net) in which multiple Primary Users (PUs) coexist with multiple Secondary Users (SUs). Unlike conventional designs in CR-Nets, in this paper it is assumed that the Channel State Information (CSI) for all relevant channels is imperfectly known, and the imperfectness of the CSI is modeled using an Euclidean ball-shaped uncertainty set. Our design objective is to minimize the transmit power of the SU-Transmitter (SU-Tx) while simultaneously targeting a lower bound on the received Signal-to-Interference-plus-Noise-Ratio (SINR) for the SU's, and imposing an upper limit on the Interference-Power (IP) at the PUs. The design parameters at the SU-Tx are the beamforming weights, i.e. the precoder matrix. The proposed methodology is based on a worst case design scenario through which the performance metrics of the design are immune to variations in the channels. We propose thr...

  20. A Robust Artificial Noise Aided Transmit Design for Miso Secrecy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Qiang

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper considers an artificial noise (AN) aided secrecy rate maximization (SRM) problem for a multi-input single-output (MISO) channel overheard by multiple single-antenna eavesdroppers. We assume that the transmitter has perfect knowledge about the channel to the desired user but imperfect knowledge about the channels to the eavesdroppers. Therefore, the resultant SRM problem is formulated in the way that we maximize the worst-case secrecy rate by jointly designing the signal covariance ${\\bf W}$ and the AN covariance ${\\bf \\Sigma}$. However, such a worst-case SRM problem turns out to be hard to optimize, since it is nonconvex in ${\\bf W}$ and ${\\bf \\Sigma}$ jointly. Moreover, it falls into the class of semi-infinite optimization problems. Through a careful reformulation, we show that the worst-case SRM problem can be handled by performing a one-dimensional line search in which a sequence of semidefinite programs (SDPs) are involved. Moreover, we also show that the optimal ${\\bf W}$ admits a rank-one str...

  1. Professor Eikichi IsoProfessor Eikichi IsoProfessor Eikichi IsoProfessor Eikichi Iso''''s Workplaces Workplaces Workplaces Workplace ((((Former Workplace of Advanced Academy of Agriculture and ForestryFormer Workplace of Advanced Academy of Agriculture an

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Yih-Min

    (((()))) Professor Eikichi IsoProfessor Eikichi IsoProfessor Eikichi IsoProfessor Eikichi Iso''''s was constructed in 1925 during the Japanese colonial time. It was the workplace of former Professor Eikichi Iso. Iso used to do research in agronomic crop improvement. In 2003, sizable research records and personal

  2. Hard X-ray observations of Cygnus X-1 with the Miso telescope

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Perotti, F.; Della Ventura, A.; Villa, G.

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The black hole candidate Cygnus X-1 was observed in the hard X-ray - soft gamma-ray energy range by the Miso telescope on two different occasions: in September 1979 and May 1980. Two hard X-ray states of the source have beem measured: in 1979 the observed spectrum confirms the superlow state measured in the same period by the HEAO-3 satellite, while in 1980 the Miso X-ray data are consistent with the so-called low state of Cygnus X-1. In both occasions, no gamma-ray excess has been observed above 200 keV. 9 references.

  3. Midwest Nuclear Science and Engineering Consortium

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dr. Wynn Volkert; Dr. Arvind Kumar; Dr. Bryan Becker; Dr. Victor Schwinke; Dr. Angel Gonzalez; Dr. DOuglas McGregor

    2010-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of the Midwest Nuclear Science and Engineering Consortium (MNSEC) is to enhance the scope, quality and integration of educational and research capabilities of nuclear sciences and engineering (NS/E) programs at partner schools in support of the U.S. nuclear industry (including DOE laboratories). With INIE support, MNSEC had a productive seven years and made impressive progress in achieving these goals. Since the past three years have been no-cost-extension periods, limited -- but notable -- progress has been made in FY10. Existing programs continue to be strengthened and broadened at Consortium partner institutions. The enthusiasm generated by the academic, state, federal, and industrial communities for the MNSEC activities is reflected in the significant leveraging that has occurred for our programs.

  4. Reference number ISO 8601:2004(E)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Shiliang

    Reference number ISO 8601:2004(E) © ISO 2004 INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 8601 Third edition 2004'heure #12;ISO 8601:2004(E) PDF disclaimer This PDF file may contain embedded typefaces. In accordance. The ISO Central Secretariat accepts no liability in this area. Adobe is a trademark of Adobe Systems

  5. MIE Regional Climate Change Impact Webinar Series: Midwest

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    The U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) Minorities in Energy Initiative (MIE) is hosting a webinar on Midwest impacts of climate change on minority and tribal communities featuring presentations by...

  6. Midwest Quantitative Biology Conference Mission Point Resort, Mackinac Island, Michigan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Midwest Quantitative Biology Conference Mission Point Resort, Mackinac Island, Michigan September Exchange Method for the Free Energy of Conformational Fluctuations Michigan State University 3:05-3:30 Role

  7. May 1980 low energy gamma-ray observations with the MISO telescope

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Perotti, F.; Della Ventura, A.; Villa, G.

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    During a balloon flight of the MISO telescope on 1980 May 17, the Crab Nebula and the Seyfert galaxy NGC 4151 were studied over the photon energy range 0.03-16 MeV. The photon spectrum of the Crab Nebula was measured up to approximately 2 MeV. No gamma-ray emission from NGC 4151 was detected on this occasion.

  8. Effect in the KHT sarcoma of CCNU and MISO on cell cycle progression evaluated by flow-cytometry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hill, S.A.; Bauer, K.D.; Keng, P.C.; Siemann, D.W.

    1984-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Previous studies using the KHT sarcoma have shown that misonidazole (MISO) enhances the cytotoxicity of 1-(2-chloroethyl)-3-cyclohexyl-1-nitrosourea (CCNU) by as much as a factor of 2.0. In the present study flow cytometry was used to monitor the changing DNA distributions of cells dissociated from solid tumors at successive times following treatment with CCNU, applied either alone or in combination with 0.5 mg/g MISO. The proportion of cells in late S and the G/sub 2/M phases of the cell cycle increased gradually after CCNU treatment. MISO did not significantly change this block in cell progression, which persisted for at least 48 hr after treatment in all cases. CCNU shows marked carbamoylating activity, which has been associated with inhibition of RNA processing and with the degree of chemopotentiation achieved with MISO. By 24 hr after treatment, CCNU clearly altered the distribution of RNA, but no significant differences could be detected between results obtained from drug and drug plus sensitizer treated groups. These studies demonstrate the effect of CCNU on cell cycle progression in vivo. The addition of MISO did not result in further perturbation of the total tumor population, suggesting that cell cycle redistribution does not play a major role in chemopotentiation by MISO.

  9. The Potential Impacts of a Competitive Wholesale Market in the Midwest: A Preliminary Examination of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    LBNL-56503 The Potential Impacts of a Competitive Wholesale Market in the Midwest: A Preliminary-56503 The Potential Impacts of a Competitive Wholesale Market in the Midwest: A Preliminary Examination Wholesale Market in the Midwest: A Preliminary Examination of Centralized Dispatch ii Acknowledgements

  10. A Midwest Regional Inventory of Heavy-Duty Diesel Vehicle Emissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wisconsin at Madison, University of

    A Midwest Regional Inventory of Heavy-Duty Diesel Vehicle Emissions by Christopher D. Dresser OF WISCONSIN - MADISON Abstract A Midwest Regional Inventory of Heavy-Duty Diesel Vehicle Emissions Christopher-duty diesel vehicles (HDDV) for a ten-state Midwest region (Mississippi Valley Freight Coalition) using

  11. Tangled Web of Concept Relations. Concept relations for ISO 1087-1 and ISO 704

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Tangled Web of Concept Relations. Concept relations for ISO 1087-1 and ISO 704 Anita Nuopponen on ISO 704:2009 Terminology work - Principles and methods and ISO 1087-1:2000 Terminology work: concept relation, conceptual relation, concept system, generic rela- tion, associative relation, ISO 1087

  12. Midwest Appropriate Technology Small Grants Program technical services. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1984-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A total of 84 completed projects were reviewed, assessed, and summarized. These projects were also analyzed to determine characteristics of success and failure. Two significant documents resulted: Midwest ATSGP Project Summaries (DOE/CH/10122-19) and Midwest ATSGP Management Analysis (DOE/CH/10122-18). Additionally, 17 active projects were monitored. All grantees were contacted by telephone and 15 sites were visited. Technical assistance was provided to seven of the active grantees. Three grantees were found to be having serious difficulty. Information dissemination activities were limited at DOE-Chicago direction. Presentations at a meeting of state energy agency representatives and the American Solar Energy Society annual meeting were the highlights. Overall, DOE-Chicago was provided important assistance and documentation on the Midwest ATSGP. In addition, several grantees were assisted in the conduct of their project. A complete timetable of activities is included as Appendix E.

  13. Beamforming on the MISO interference channel with multi-user decoding capability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ho, Z K M; Jorswieck, E; Mochaourab, R

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper considers the multiple-input-single-output interference channel (MISO-IC) with interference decoding capability (IDC), so that the interference signal can be decoded and subtracted from the received signal. On the MISO-IC with single user decoding, transmit beamforming vectors are classically designed to reach a compromise between mitigating the generated interference (zero forcing of the interference) or maximizing the energy at the desired user. The particularly intriguing problem arising in the multi-antenna IC with IDC is that transmitters may now have the incentive to amplify the interference generated at the non-intended receivers, in the hope that Rxs have a better chance of decoding the interference and removing it. This notion completely changes the previous paradigm of balancing between maximizing the desired energy and reducing the generated interference, thus opening up a new dimension for the beamforming design strategy. Our contributions proceed by proving that the optimal rank of the...

  14. Outage Rate Regions for the MISO Interference Channel: Definitions and Interpretations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lindblom, Johannes; Larsson, Erik G

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We consider the slow-fading two-user multiple-input single-output (MISO) interference channel (IC), where the receivers treat the interference as additive Gaussian noise. We study the rate points that can be achieved, allowing a non-zero outage probability. The points which meet the outage probability specification constitute a so-called outage rate region. There exist several definitions of the outage rate regions for the IC, as for the broadcast and the multiple-access channels. We give four definitions for the outage region of the MISO IC. The definitions differ on whether the rates are declared in outage jointly or individually and whether there is instantaneous or statistical channel state information (CSI) at the transmitters. For the statistical CSI scenario, we discuss how to find the outage probabilities in closed form. We provide interpretations of the definitions and compare the corresponding regions via analytical and numerical results.

  15. Degrees of Freedom of Time Correlated MISO Broadcast Channel with Delayed CSIT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Sheng; Gesbert, David; Yi, Xinping

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We consider the time correlated MISO broadcast channel where the transmitter has imperfect knowledge on the current channel state, in addition to delayed channel state information. By representing the quality of the current channel state information as P^-{\\alpha} for the signal-to-noise ratio P and some constant {\\alpha} \\geq 0, we characterize the optimal degree of freedom region for this more general two-user MISO broadcast correlated channel. The essential ingredients of the proposed scheme lie in the quantization and multicasting of the overheard interferences, while broadcasting new private messages. Our proposed scheme smoothly bridges between the scheme recently proposed by Maddah-Ali and Tse with no current state information and a simple zero-forcing beamforming with perfect current state information.

  16. 2011 Wind Technologies Market Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bolinger, Mark

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    WindLogics Inc. (2006) [MN-MISO (2006)]; EnerNex et al. (IPP ISO ISO-NE ITC kW kWh MISO MW MWh NERC NREL NYISO OEMIndependent System Operator (MISO), New York ISO (NYISO),

  17. 2010 Wind Technologies Market Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wiser, Ryan

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    WindLogics Inc. (2006) [MN-MISO (2006)]; EnerNex et al. (IPP ISO ISO-NE ITC kW kWh MISO MW MWh NERC NREL NYISO OEMIndependent System Operator (MISO), New York ISO (NYISO),

  18. Summary of ISO/TC 201 Standard: XVIII, ISO 19318: 2004 - Surface...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    XVIII, ISO 19318: 2004 - Surface Chemical Analysis - X-Ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy - Summary of ISOTC 201 Standard: XVIII, ISO 19318: 2004 - Surface Chemical Analysis - X-Ray...

  19. Summary of ISO/TC 201 Standard: ISO 29081: 2010, Surface Chemical...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ISO 29081: 2010, Surface Chemical Analysis - Auger Electron Spectroscopy - Reporting of Methods Summary of ISOTC 201 Standard: ISO 29081: 2010, Surface Chemical Analysis - Auger...

  20. Upper Midwest Food, Fuel and Fiber Network Tour

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2nd Annual Upper Midwest Food, Fuel and Fiber Network Tour Aug. 31 ­ Sept. 2, 2010 #12;Tuesday Dept. of Ag & Biological Engineering 9:30 a.m. Horizon Wind Energy Farm ­ (Construction vs. Finished Phases) http://www.horizonwind.com/home/ Gary Freymiller, WISER & Peter Park, Horizon Wind Energy 11:00 a

  1. Thinking Globally: How ISO 50001 - Energy Management can make industrial energy efficiency standard practice

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McKane, Aimee

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    with the ISO quality (ISO 9001:2008) and environmental (ISOsystem standards such as ISO 9001 and ISO 14001 have somemanagement practices (ISO 9001) and environmental management

  2. THE DIFFUSION OF VOLUNTARY INTERNATIONAL MANAGEMENT STANDARDS: RESPONSIBLE CARE, ISO 9000 and ISO 14001 IN THE CHEMICAL INDUSTRY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Delmas, Magali A; Montiel, Ivan

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Uzbekistan Venezuela* Vietnam Yemen, Rep. Zambia # ISO14001 # ISO Chemical *Countries included in Models 4 to 62001. "International diffusion of ISO 14000 certification."

  3. The Midwest Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership (MRCSP)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    James J. Dooley; Robert Dahowski; Casie Davidson

    2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This final report summarizes the Phase I research conducted by the Midwest regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership (MRCSP). The Phase I effort began in October 2003 and the project period ended on September 31, 2005. The MRCSP is a public/private partnership led by Battelle with the mission of identifying the technical, economic, and social issues associated with implementation of carbon sequestration technologies in its seven state geographic region (Indiana, Kentucky, Maryland, Michigan, Ohio, Pennsylvania, and West Virginia) and identifying viable pathways for their deployment. It is one of seven partnerships that together span most of the U.S. and parts of Canada that comprise the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) Regional Carbon Sequestration Program led by DOE's national Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL). The MRCSP Phase I research was carried out under DOE Cooperative Agreement No. DE-FC26-03NT41981. The total value of Phase I was $3,513,513 of which the DOE share was $2,410,967 or 68.62%. The remainder of the cost share was provided in varying amounts by the rest of the 38 members of MRCSP's Phase I project. The next largest cost sharing participant to DOE in Phase I was the Ohio Coal Development Office within the Ohio Air Quality Development Authority (OCDO). OCDO's contribution was $100,000 and was contributed under Grant Agreement No. CDO/D-02-17. In this report, the MRCSP's research shows that the seven state MRCSP region is a major contributor to the U. S. economy and also to total emissions of CO2, the most significant of the greenhouse gases thought to contribute to global climate change. But, the research has also shown that the region has substantial resources for sequestering carbon, both in deep geological reservoirs (geological sequestration) and through improved agricultural and land management practices (terrestrial sequestration). Geological reservoirs, especially deep saline reservoirs, offer the potential to permanently store CO2 for literally 100s of years even if all the CO2 emissions from the region's large point sources were stored there, an unlikely scenario under any set of national carbon emission mitigation strategies. The terrestrial sequestration opportunities in the region have the biophysical potential to sequester up to 20% of annual emissions from the region's large point sources of CO2. This report describes the assumptions made and methods employed to arrive at the results leading to these conclusions. It also describes the results of analyses of regulatory issues in the region affecting the potential for deployment of sequestration technologies. Finally, it describes the public outreach and education efforts carried out in Phase I including the creation of a web site dedicated to the MRCSP at www.mrcsp.org.

  4. The IsoMetrics Usability Inventory An operationalisation of ISO 9241-10

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Düntsch, Ivo

    1 The IsoMetrics Usability Inventory An operationalisation of ISO 9241-10 supporting summative 1232 366068 Email: i.duentsch@ulst.ac.uk #12;1 The IsoMetrics Usability Inventory An operationalisation of ISO 9241-10 supporting summative and formative evaluation of software systems Günther Gediga, Kai

  5. Extended Pascal ISO 10206:1990

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cockshott, W. Paul

    David L. Presberg Jeffrey Allen Albert A Hoffman William C. Price Edward Barkmeyer Michael A straight. Eat your vegatables. Do not mumble. c flISO/IEC 1991 #12; ISO/IEC 10206:1990(E) ii #12; ISO Patrick Hagerty John R. Reagan Chairman X3J9 Chairman IEEE P770 Secretary Steve Adamczyk Steven Hobbs

  6. ISO SPECTROSCOPIC OBSERVATIONS OF SHORTPERIOD COMETS \\Lambda

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Demoulin, Pascal

    1 ISO SPECTROSCOPIC OBSERVATIONS OF SHORT­PERIOD COMETS \\Lambda J. Crovisier 1 , T. Encrenaz 1 , E 4 , E. van Dishoeck 5 , R. Knacke 6 , T.Y. Brooke 7 1 Observatoire de Paris, Meudon, France 2 ISO are found in a short­period comet. The ISO observations of the Jupiter­family comet P/Hartley 2, presum

  7. CALIFORNIA ISO ThirdAnnualReporton

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laughlin, Robert B.

    CALIFORNIA ISO ThirdAnnualReporton MarketIssuesand Performance Market Monitoring;#12;Department of Market Analysis ­ California ISO January, 2002 Third Annual Report on Market Issues of the ISO during 2001 involving market monitoring, investigations, and compliance. The report summarizes

  8. Explicit Solution of Worst-Case Secrecy Rate for MISO Wiretap Channels with Spherical Uncertainty

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Jiangyuan

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A multiple-input single-output (MISO) wiretap channel model is considered, that includes a multi-antenna transmitter, a single-antenna legitimate receiver and a single-antenna eavesdropper. For the scenario in which spherical uncertainty for both the legitimate and the eavesdropper channels is included, the problem of finding the optimal input covariance that maximizes the worst-case secrecy rate subject to a power constraint, is considered, and an explicit expression for the maximum worst-case secrecy rate is provided.

  9. Hard x-ray observations of Cygnus X-1 with the MISO telescope

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Perotti, F.; Della Ventura, A.; Villa, G.; Bassani, L.; Butler, R.C.

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The results of hard x-ray, soft gamma-ray observations of the galactic black hole candidate, Cyg X-1, taken with the MISO telescope in October 1979 and May 1980 are presented, confirming the superlow state measured during September-October 1979 by the HEAO 3 satellite. The 1980 observation coincides with a low- to high-state transition and is consistent with HEAO 3 observations taken at the same epoch. No gamma-ray counting-rate excess above 200 keV was recorded in either observation. Apart from these two measurements, the observation of the Crab Nebula as an a posteriori calibration source is also described. 15 references.

  10. On the Degrees of Freedom of time correlated MISO broadcast channel with delayed CSIT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kobayashi, Mari; Gesbert, David; Yi, Xinping

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We consider the time correlated MISO broadcast channel where the transmitter has partial knowledge on the current channel state, in addition to delayed channel state information (CSI). Rather than exploiting only the current CSI, as the zero-forcing precoding, or only the delayed CSI, as the Maddah-Ali-Tse (MAT) scheme, we propose a seamless strategy that takes advantage of both. The achievable degrees of freedom of the proposed scheme is characterized in terms of the quality of the current channel knowledge.

  11. Midwest Energy (Gas and Electric)- How$mart Energy Efficiency Finance Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Midwest Energy offers its residential and small commercial electricity and natural gas customers in good standing a way to finance energy efficiency improvements on eligible properties. Under the...

  12. MIDWEST REGIONAL CARBON SEQUESTRATION PARTNERSHIP (MRCSP) MANAGING CLIMATE CHANGE AND SECURING A FUTURE FOR THE MIDWEST'S INDUSTRIAL BASE

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    David Ball; Robert Burns; Judith Bradbury; Bob Dahowski; Casie Davidson; James Dooley; Neeraj Gupta; Rattan Lal; Larry Wickstrom

    2005-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

    This is the third semiannual report for Phase I of the Midwest Carbon Sequestration Partnership (MRCSP). The project consists of nine tasks to be conducted over a two-year period that started in October 2003. The makeup of the MRCSP and objectives are described. Progress on each of the active Tasks is also described and where possible, for those Tasks at some point of completion, a summary of results is presented.

  13. Full Diversity Codes for MISO Systems Equipped with Linear or ML Detectors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Jing; Wong, Kon Max

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper, a general criterion for space time block codes (STBC) to achieve full-diversity with a linear receiver is proposed for a wireless communication system having multiple transmitter and single receiver antennas (MISO). Particularly, the STBC with Toeplitz structure satisfies this criterion and therefore, enables full-diversity. Further examination of this Toeplitz STBC reveals the following important properties: a) The symbol transmission rate can be made to approach unity. b) Applying the Toeplitz code to any signalling scheme having nonzero distance between the nearest constellation points results in a non-vanishing determinant. In addition, if QAM is used as the signalling scheme, then for independent MISO flat fading channels, the Toeplitz codes is proved to approach the optimal diversity-vs-multiplexing tradeoff with a ZF receiver when the number of channel uses is large. This is, so far, the first non-orthogonal STBC shown to achieve the optimal tradeoff for such a receiver. On the other han...

  14. AMERICAN INNOVATION:MANUFACTURING LOW CARBON TECHNOLOGIES IN THE MIDWEST JANUARY 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hoffman, Andrew J.

    AMERICAN INNOVATION:MANUFACTURING LOW CARBON TECHNOLOGIES IN THE MIDWEST JANUARY 2010 F R E D E R I by The Energy Foundation and the RE-AMP Global Warming Strategic Action Fund. The Climate Group would also like Hannon, Midwest Regional Manager, The Climate Group Acknowledgements We are grateful for the economic

  15. Impacts of Land Management on Agroecosystem Carbon Fluxes in the Upper Midwest, United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minnesota, University of

    Impacts of Land Management on Agroecosystem Carbon Fluxes in the Upper Midwest, United States Investigators: T.J. Griffis and J.M. Baker Funding Source: United States Department of Energy, Office-soybean rotation systems located in the Upper Midwest. The management strategies will include: 1) Conventional corn

  16. KTFC Midwest Bible Radio Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOf Kilauea Volcano, Hawaii |Island, Florida: EnergyKDOTII JumpKTFC Midwest

  17. MIE Regional Climate Change Impact Webinar Series: Midwest | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYouTube YouTube Note: Since the.pdfBreaking ofOil & Gas »ofMarketing |Prepare For26,MICHIGANEnergy Midwest MIE

  18. Midwest Independent Transmission System Operator | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOfRose BendMiasole Inc JumpMicroPlanet Name: Midwest Independent

  19. Midwest Renewable Energy Credits LLC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOfRose BendMiasole Inc JumpMicroPlanet Name: Midwest IndependentCredits LLC

  20. Midwest Energy Inc. Smart Grid Project | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |JilinLu anMicrogreen Polymers Inc Jump to:JumpMidwest Energy Inc

  1. Midwest Independent Transmission System Operator Smart Grid Project | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |JilinLu anMicrogreen Polymers Inc Jump to:JumpMidwest Energy IncEnergy

  2. Midwest States Save Energy Now Partnership Program | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYouTube YouTube Note: Since the.pdfBreaking ofOil &315_ArnibanPriority DataPART 970Midwest Building Energy

  3. 2012 Wind Technologies Market Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wiser, Ryan

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    MISO Transmission Expansion Plan 2012 megawatt megawatt-hour North American Electric ReliabilityMISO), New York ISO (NYISO), ISO-New England (ISO-NE), California ISO (CAISO), Electric Reliability

  4. Coordinated Beamforming for Multiuser MISO Interference Channel under Rate Outage Constraints

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Wei-Chiang; Lin, Che; Chi, Chong-Yung

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper studies the coordinated beamforming design problem for the multiple-input single-output (MISO) interference channel, assuming only channel distribution information (CDI) at the transmitters. For a given requirement on the rate outage probability for receivers, we aim to maximize the system utility (e.g., the weighted sum rate, weighted proportional fairness rate, and the weighed harmonic mean rate) subject to the rate outage constraints and individual power constraints. The outage constraints, however, lead to a complicated, nonconvex structure for the considered beamforming design problem and make the optimization problem difficult to handle. While this nonconvex optimization problem can be solved in an exhaustive search manner, this brute-force approach is only feasible when the number of transmitter-receiver pairs is small. For a system with a large number of transmitter-receiver pairs, computationally efficient alternatives are necessary. The focus of this paper is hence on the design of such e...

  5. Robust Secure Transmission in MISO Channels Based on Worst-Case Optimization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Jing

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper studies robust transmission schemes for multiple-input single-output (MISO) wiretap channels. Both the cases of direct transmission and cooperative jamming with a helper are investigated with imperfect channel state information (CSI) for the eavesdropper links. Robust transmit covariance matrices are obtained based on worst-case secrecy rate maximization, under both individual and global power constraints. For the case of an individual power constraint, we show that the non-convex maximin optimization problem can be transformed into a quasiconvex problem that can be efficiently solved with existing methods. For a global power constraint, the joint optimization of the transmit covariance matrices and power allocation between the source and the helper is studied via geometric programming. We also study the robust wiretap transmission problem for the case with a quality-of-service constraint at the legitimate receiver. Numerical results show the advantage of the proposed robust design. In particular, ...

  6. Source Optimization in MISO Relaying with Channel Mean Feedback: A Stochastic Ordering Approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ding, Minhua

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper investigates the optimum source transmission strategy to maximize the capacity of a multiple-input single-output (MISO) amplify-and-forward relay channel, assuming source-relay channel mean feedback at the source. The challenge here is that relaying introduces a nonconvex structure in the objective function, thereby excluding the possible use of previous methods dealing with mean feedback that generally rely on the concavity of the objective function. A novel method is employed, which divides the feasible set into two subsets and establishes the optimum from one of them by comparison. As such, the optimization is transformed into the comparison of two nonnegative random variables in the Laplace transform order, which is one of the important stochastic orders. It turns out that the optimum transmission strategy is to transmit along the known channel mean and its orthogonal eigenchannels. The condition for rank-one precoding (beamforming) to achieve capacity is also determined. Our results subsume th...

  7. Outage Constrained Robust Transmit Optimization for Multiuser MISO Downlinks: Tractable Approximations by Conic Optimization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Kun-Yu; Chang, Tsung-Hui; Ma, Wing-Kin; Chi, Chong-Yung

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper we consider a probabilistic signal-to-interference and-noise ratio (SINR) constrained problem for transmit beamforming design in the presence of imperfect channel state information (CSI), under a multiuser multiple-input single-output (MISO) downlink scenario. In particular, we deal with outage-based quality-of-service constraints, where the probability of each user's SINR not satisfying a service requirement must not fall below a given outage probability specification. The study of solution approaches to the probabilistic SINR constrained problem is important because CSI errors are often present in practical systems and they may cause substantial SINR outages if not handled properly. However, a major technical challenge is how to process the probabilistic SINR constraints. To tackle this, we propose a novel relaxation- restriction (RAR) approach, which consists of two key ingredients-semidefinite relaxation (SDR), and analytic tools for conservatively approximating probabilistic constraints. Th...

  8. ISO 14000 Standards: An environmental solution or a marketing opportunity?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D’Souza, Clare

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    environmental outcome ISO 14060 (PS) Includes environmentalR. (2001). Is there an ISO in your future? Industrialand incentives to the adoption of ISO 14001 by firms in the

  9. Software Interoperability Tools: Standardized Capability-Profiling Methodology ISO16100

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Software Interoperability Tools: Standardized Capability-Profiling Methodology ISO16100 Michiko, qwang@seu.ac.jp Abstract. The ISO 16100 series has been developed for Manufacturing software for developing general software applications including enterprise applications. In this paper, ISO 16100

  10. ISO 14000 : a Guide to the New Environmental Management Standards

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stoss, Frederick W.

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Review: ISO 14000 : A Guide to the New EnvironmentalTibor, Tom and Ira Feldman. ISO 14000: A Guide to the Newhave not heard about the ISO 14000 series of environmental

  11. ISO/IEC/NIST/OECD Workshop: FINAL REPORT June 2008 ISO, IEC, NIST and OECD International workshop on documentary standards

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ISO/IEC/NIST/OECD Workshop: FINAL REPORT June 2008 ISO, IEC, NIST and OECD International workshop and related procedures by the broader community. In particular, there is a pressing need to 1 of 40 #12;ISO

  12. How to Fully Exploit the Degrees of Freedom in the Downlink of MISO Systems With Opportunistic Beamforming

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xia, Minghua; Kim, Soo-Chang

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The opportunistic beamforming in the downlink of multiple-input single-output (MISO) systems forms $N$ transmit beams, usually, no more than the number of transmit antennas $N_t$. However, the degrees of freedom in this downlink is as large as $N_t^2$. That is, at most $N_t^2$ rather than only $N_t$ users can be simultaneously transmitted and thus the scheduling latency can be significantly reduced. In this paper, we focus on the opportunistic beamforming schemes with $N_tMISO systems over Rayleigh fading channels. We first show how to design the beamforming matrix with maximum number of transmit beams as well as least correlation between any pair of them as possible, through Fourier, Grassmannian, and mutually unbiased bases (MUB) based constructions in practice. Then, we analyze their system throughput by exploiting the asymptotic theory of extreme order statistics. Finally, our simulation results show the Grassmannian-based beamforming achieves the maximum ...

  13. N1570 Committee Draft --April 12, 2011 ISO/IEC 9899:201x INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO/IEC ISO/IEC 9899:201x

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Keselj, Vlado

    N1570 Committee Draft -- April 12, 2011 ISO/IEC 9899:201x INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ©ISO/IEC ISO/IEC'' in the right margin: deleted text is marked with ``'', new or changed text with `` ''. Abstract i #12;ISO/IEC 9899:201x Committee Draft -- April 12, 2011 N1570 ii #12;N1570 Committee Draft -- April 12, 2011 ISO/IEC

  14. Survival in subpopulations of cells derived from solid KHT sarcomas by centrifugal elutriation following treatment with CCNU and MISO

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hill, S.A.; Keng, P.C.; Siemann, D.W.

    1984-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Misonidazole (MISO) has been shown to enhance the cytotoxicity of 1-(2-chloroethyl)-3-cyclohexyl-1-nitrosourea (CCNU) in a number of different animal tumor systems. The authors have investigated the response to therapy of the various subpopulations of cells comprising the KHT sarcoma, to determine whether chemopotentiation occurred as a preferential enhancement of killing in one subpopulation of cells. Twenty-four hr after drug treatment, cells dissociated from solid tumors were separated into homogeneous populations based on cell size by the technique of centrifugal elutriation. Clonogenic cell survival was measured for each elutriated fraction. In vivo treatment with MISO produced no measurable cell-kill across the cell cycle. Those cells in late G/sub 1/ and S phase 24 hr after treatment were most sensitive to CCNU alone. The enhancement of CCNU cytotoxicity by MISO occurred primarily in the early G/sub 1/ and S fractions. These data suggest that chemopotentiation does not occur equally in all tumor cell subpopulations and that some specificity of enhanced cell killing exists.

  15. IsoRay Medical William A. Cavanagh

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011 #12;IsoRay Medical AMEX: ISR Founded: 1998 Richland, Washington Employees: 35 Market Cap (3 complex. The production facility is completely independent with it's own HVAC and Emergency Power Systems

  16. Implementation Study of Energy Conservation Recommendations in the Upper Midwest Region

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heisinger, K. P.; Bassett, K.; Twedt, M. P.

    The South Dakota State University (SDSU) Industrial Energy Optimization Program (IEOP) and Energy Analysis and Diagnostic Center (EADC) program perform energy audits for industrial companies in the Upper Midwest region of the United States. Each...

  17. Midwest Interstate Compact on Low-Level Radioactive Waste (Multiple States)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Midwest Interstate Low-Level Radioactive Waste Compact is an agreement between the states of Indiana, Iowa, Minnesota, Missouri, Ohio, and Wisconsin that provides for the cooperative and safe...

  18. 2011 Wind Technologies Market Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bolinger, Mark

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    kilowatt-hour Midwest Independent System Operator megawattPJM), Midwest Independent System Operator (MISO), New YorkN/A (NSP) Midwest Independent System Operator N/A N/A (

  19. Using Enterprise Reference Models for Automated ISO 9000 Compliance Evaluation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fox, Mark S.

    1 Using Enterprise Reference Models for Automated ISO 9000 Compliance Evaluation Henry M. Kim1, and then compared to a reference model of "good" processes and structures, such as the ISO 9000 standards. In this paper, the TOVE ISO 9000 Micro-Theory is presented as a formal reference model of quality goodness. ISO

  20. Hierarchical Iso-Surface Extraction Computer Graphics Group

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Desbrun, Mathieu

    Hierarchical Iso-Surface Extraction Ulf Labsik Computer Graphics Group University of Erlangen Kai of our hierarchical iso-surface extraction algorithm. Abstract The extraction and display of iso construct a hierarchy of volumes and extract an iso-surface from the coarsest resolution with a standard

  1. How ISO-Standards Affect Graphic-Arts Work

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zanibbi, Richard

    How ISO-Standards Affect Graphic-Arts Work Andreas Kraushaar Head, Prepress Division Fogra Munich, Germany 4pm, Wed., Jan. 10, 2007 Auditorium of the Center for Imaging Science ISO TC 130 (graphic. Important standards with respect to the printing industry such as the ISO 2846 and ISO 12647-X

  2. 1!&1 27 Themenbeitrag .13 Der ISO 9241-Evaluator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reiterer, Harald

    1!&1 27 Themenbeitrag .13 Der ISO 9241-Evaluator Reinhard Opperrnannt, Christoph Wick1 , Themas Einleitung Die Evaluation mit dem ISO 9241-Evaluator dient zur Konformitätsprüfung mit der ISO-Norm 9241 · Gesundheitsschutzes ·bei der Arbeit an ·Biid- schinngeräten, vgl.· [EG1990]). Der ISO 9241- Evaluator ist

  3. ISO's Presentation The Institute of Organic Synthesis (ISO) was established as a University Institute for Research in October 2003,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Escolano, Francisco

    ISO's Presentation The Institute of Organic Synthesis (ISO) was established as a University as well as to promote the excellence in research. The ISO mainly seeks to apply the results of basic. The ISO is involved in teaching activities related to Doctoral Programme: Doctorate in Organic Synthesis

  4. Presentacin del ISO El Instituto de Sntesis Orgnica (ISO), se constituye como un Instituto Universitario de Investigacin en

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Escolano, Francisco

    Presentación del ISO El Instituto de Síntesis Orgánica (ISO), se constituye como un Instituto. El ISO está implicado también en actividades docentes referidas a enseñanzas en un Programa de de sus competencias. El ISO fomentará la relación con otras entidades públicas y privadas

  5. ISO and the Cosmic Infrared Background

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Herve Dole

    2002-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

    ISO observed, for the first time to such a high sensitivity level, the mid- and far-infrared universe. A Number of deep surveys were performed to probe the cosmological evolution of galaxies. In this review, I discuss and summarize results of mid-infrared ISOCAM and far-infrared ISOPHOT surveys, and show how our vision of the extragalactic infrared universe has become more accurate. In particular, ISO allowed us to resolve into sources a significant fraction of the Cosmic Infrared Background (CIB) in the mid-infrared, and to probe a fainter population in the far-infrared with the detection of the CIB fluctuations. Together with other wavelength data sets, the nature of ISO galaxies is now in the process of being understood. I also show that the high quality of the ISO data put strong constraints on the scenarios of galaxy evolution. This induced a burst in the development of models, yielding to a more coherent picture of galaxy evolution. I finally emphasize the potential of the ISO data archive in the field of observational cosmology, and describe the next steps, in particular the forthcoming cosmological surveys to be carried out by SIRTF.

  6. Ber analysis of iterative turbo encoded miso wireless communication system under implementation of q-ostbc scheme

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kabir, M Hasnat; Zaman, Mustari; Rashed, Md Golam

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper, a comprehensive study has been made to evaluate the performance of a MISO wireless communication system. The 4-by-1 spatially multiplexed Turbo encoded system under investigation incorporates Quasi-orthogonal space-time block coding (Q-STBC) and ML signal detection schemes under QPSK, QAM, 16PSK and 16QAM digital modulations. The simulation results elucidate that a significant improvement of system performance is achieved in QAM modulation. The results are also indicative of noticeable system performance enhancement with increasing number of iterations in Turbo encoding/decoding scheme.

  7. Threatened and endangered fish and wildlife of the midwest

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schafer, D.W.; Robeck, K.E.

    1980-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report contains information of federally-listed endangered and/or threatened fish and wildlife occurring in the midwestern states of Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, Ohio, and Wisconsin. The information was compiled as a support document for the Regional Issue Identification and Assessment (RIIA) project sponsored by the Regional Assessments Division of the Office of Technology Impacts within the Department of Energy. The information on midwestern endangered species distribution, habitats, and reasons for population decline included in this document are designed to help assess the potential for adverse impacts if energy activities are sited within the general range of an endangered species. It is hoped that this document will thereby enhance the reliability of one portion of energy-related assessments performed in the Midwest. This report considers only those species listed prior to October 1979 as endangered and/or threatened in the federal endangered species list published in the Federal Register and that have been known to occur in the region in the last 20 years.

  8. IN SEARCH OF ISO: AN INSTITUTIONAL PERSPECTIVE ON THE ADOPTION OF INTERNATIONAL MANAGEMENT STANDARDS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Delmas, Magali A.

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    E.C. Gutzwiller. 1999 “Buying into ISO 14001”. Occupationalnational production regimes: ISO 9000 standards in the2001 “International diffusion of ISO 14001 certification. ”

  9. Thinking Globally: How ISO 50001 - Energy Management can make industrial energy efficiency standard practice

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McKane, Aimee

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Thinking Globally: How ISO 50001 – Energy Management canThinking Globally: How ISO 50001 – Energy Management canOrganization for Standardization (ISO) has identified energy

  10. THE ADOPTION OF ISO 14001 WITHIN THE SUPPLY CHAIN: WHEN ARE CUSTOMER PRESSURES EFFECTIVE?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Delmas, Magali A; Montiel, Ivan

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    1 Cumulative Percentage of ISO 14001 certificates in thespatio-temporal analysis of the global diffusion of ISO 9000and ISO 14000 certification," Anderson School of Management,

  11. Retail Demand Response in Southwest Power Pool

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bharvirkar, Ranjit

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    IOU IRC ISO LMP LBNL LSE MISO MP MRO MWG M&V NERC OATT PUCrecommended a focus on what MISO refers to as DRR Type IIis consistent with trends in MISO and elsewhere and suggests

  12. QER- Comment of ISO New England, Inc.

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Attached please find comments from ISO New England President & CEO Gordon van Welie on the US Department of Energy’s Quadrennial Energy Review. If you are unable to open or access the attached PDF for whatever reason, please contact me at the number below. Thank you,

  13. Galaxy populations from Deep ISO Surveys

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seb Oliver

    2001-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

    I discuss some of the main extra-galactic field surveys which have been undertaken by the Infrared Space Observatory (ISO). I review the findings from the source counts analysies and then examine some of the more recent detailed investigations into the explicit nature of the populations that make up these source counts.

  14. ISO 50001: A Global Energy Management System Standard

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chowdhury, N.

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ISO 50001:2011 provides benefits for any organization to establish a framework to manage and improve energy consumption. The framework of ISO 50001:2011 enables organizations to establish the systems and processes necessary to improve energy...

  15. Operated for the U.S. Department of Energy by Midwest Research Institute Battelle Bechtel National Renewable Energy Laboratory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Operated for the U.S. Department of Energy by Midwest Research Institute · Battelle · Bechtel #12;Operated for the U.S. Department of Energy by Midwest Research Institute · Battelle · Bechtel Institute · Battelle · Bechtel National Renewable Energy Laboratory Material and Energetic Criteria ·Band

  16. System model Scope of Work Short term power constraint Long term power constraint Imperfect CSIR Prediction Summary Spatial and Temporal Power Allocation for MISO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bhashyam, Srikrishna

    System model Scope of Work Short term power constraint Long term power constraint Imperfect CSIR Prediction Summary Spatial and Temporal Power Allocation for MISO Systems with Delayed Feedback Srikrishna) feedback #12;System model Scope of Work Short term power constraint Long term power constraint Imperfect

  17. Lean Six Sigma iSO 9001:2000

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Asaithambi, Asai

    Six Sigma Lean Six Sigma iSO 9001:2000 Lean buSineSS prOceSSeS imprOvement tOOLS StatiSticaL meth ·ISO/TS16949 ·ISO14001EMS ·MalcolmBaldrigeNational Quality Award Statistical Methods ·Statistical program implementation as wellasafullrangeofLeanSixSigma andSixSigmaservices. Our prOFeSSiOnaL StaFF can iSO

  18. ISO/IEC JTC1/SC7 Software & Systems Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kindler, Ekkart

    ISO/IEC JTC1/SC7 Software & Systems Engineering Secretariat: CANADA (SCC) Address reply to: ISO Notre Dame Ouest, Montréal, Québec Canada H3C 1K3 secretariat@jtc1-sc7.org www.jtc1-sc7.org ISO/IEC JTC1 Members Medium Acrobat No. of Pages 54 Note #12;ISO/IEC JTC1/SC7 WD 19509-2 Date 2005-07-03 Reference

  19. BC Reference number ISO/IEC 14882:1998(E)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Graham, Nick

    of International Standardization Organization (ISO), International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC), AmericanBC Reference number ISO/IEC 14882:1998(E) INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO/IEC 14882 First edition 1998 by ANSI as an American National Standard. Date of ANSI Approval: 7/27/98 Published by American National

  20. ISO 9001 : LES ENJEUX DU RECOURS A UN REFERENTIEL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    ISO 9001 : LES ENJEUX DU RECOURS A UN REFERENTIEL QUALITE SUPPLEMENTAIRE POUR LA PROFESSION de déterminer les enjeux principaux de l'obtention de la norme ISO 9001 pour un cabinet d of obtaining the standard ISO 9001 for a certified public accountant firm. Initially, we will reconsider

  1. Tracking Endocardium Using Optical Flow along Iso-Value Curve

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 Tracking Endocardium Using Optical Flow along Iso-Value Curve Qi Duan1, Elsa D. Angelini2 indicators. · A framework of optical flow along iso-value curves is proposed and applied to several cardiac;9 OF along Iso-value Curves · In myocardial motion analysis, motion fields are projected along specific

  2. RESOURCE ETH, 1ml RESOURCE ISO, 1 ml

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lebendiker, Mario

    RESOURCE ETH, 1ml RESOURCE ISO, 1 ml RESOURCE PHE, 1 ml RESOURCE HIC Test Kit instructions i 56-1188-26 AB #12;Introduction RESOURCETM ETH (ether), ISO (isopropyl) and PHE (phenyl) are pre-packed high will have the strongest hydrophobicity followed by RESOURCE ISO and RESOUR- CE ETH succesively. Fig. 1

  3. FURTHER ADVANCES IN THE INTEGRATED STRUCTURAL OPTIMIZATION SYSTEM (ISOS)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Papalambros, Panos

    FURTHER ADVANCES IN THE INTEGRATED STRUCTURAL OPTIMIZATION SYSTEM (ISOS) Mehran Chirehdast *,Hae in implementing an Integrated Structural Optimization System (ISOS), introduced in our earlier publications, the Integrated Structural Optimization System (ISOS). Our previous publications [5, 7, 81 bear witness to our

  4. De toepasbaarheid van ISO 9126 voor kwaliteitsbeoordeling van m-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lucas, Peter

    1 De toepasbaarheid van ISO 9126 voor kwaliteitsbeoordeling van m- services. Bachelor scriptie behulp van beschikbare literatuur een antwoord op de vraag of ISO 9126 toereikend is voor de beoordeling van de kwaliteit van m- services. De ISO 9126 standaard is bedoeld voor de beoordeling van kwaliteit

  5. as a standardised serialisation for ISO 24615 SynAF

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    as a standardised serialisation for ISO 24615 ­ SynAF Sonja Bosch, University of South/> format to various linguistic scenarios with the aim of making it the standard serialisation for the ISOAF to In 2010, the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) published ISO 24615 (Syn

  6. Illustrative Display of Hidden Iso-Surface Structures Jan Fischer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bartz, Dirk

    Illustrative Display of Hidden Iso-Surface Structures Jan Fischer Visual Computing for Medicine is represented by black silhouettes and hatching. The second layer of the iso-surface is rendered as red is a widespread method for the display of volume datasets. It is based on the extraction of polygonal iso

  7. SPECTROSCOPIC STUDY OF CARBON STARS WITH THE ISO-SWS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yamamura, Issei

    SPECTROSCOPIC STUDY OF CARBON STARS WITH THE ISO-SWS I. YAMAMURA1,2 , T. DE JONG1,3 , K. JUSTTANONT) on board ISO. We found that not only the spectral energy distribution and the dust features, but that also- anteed time observing program of the Infrared Space Observatory 1 (ISO; Kessler et al. 1996), we have

  8. STANDARDS FOR LANGUAGE CODES: DEVELOPING ISO 639 David Dalby

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gillam, Lee

    STANDARDS FOR LANGUAGE CODES: DEVELOPING ISO 639 David Dalby , Lee Gillam , Christopher Cox Organization for Standardization (ISO), is currently seeking more granular systems of language identifiers than the widely used tags of ISO 639 parts 1 and 2. There is growing need for the more precise identification

  9. Consolidating the ISO Usability Models Alain Abran1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Suryn, Witold

    Consolidating the ISO Usability Models Alain Abran1 , Adel Khelifi1 , Witold Suryn1 , Ahmed Seffah2 and structured way. In particular, the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) has developed, or usability. 1 #12;This paper presents a survey and an evaluation of some of the ISO usability standards

  10. ISO Observations of Quasars and Quasar Hosts Belinda J. Wilkes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wilkes, Belinda

    ISO Observations of Quasars and Quasar Hosts Belinda J. Wilkes Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory, 60 Garden St., Cambridge, MA 02138, USA Abstract. The Infrared Space Observatory (ISO), launched spiral galaxies. In the near­IR, the ISO data confirm an excess due to a warm `AGN­related' dust

  11. Towards Interoperability of ISO Standards for Language Resource Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Towards Interoperability of ISO Standards for Language Resource Management Kiyong Lee Korea.romary@loria.fr Abstract This paper reviews and evaluates some of the ISO documents for language resource management. Being developed under ISO/TC 37/SC 4, these documents are at the last stage of approval and publication as interna

  12. ISO/TC 211/WG 9/N 003 Number of Pages: 30

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Imai, Hiroshi

    ISO/TC 211/WG 9/N 003 2002-06-04 Number of Pages: 30 ISO/TC 211 Geographic Information: Members of Working Group 9 ISO/TC 211 Secretariat ISO/TC 211/WG9 Convenor Telephone: + 81 3 5841 4117://www-imai.is.s.u-tokyo.ac.jp/wg9/ #12;© ISO/IEC 2002 -- All rights reserved ISO/IEC TC 211/SC N Date: 2002-03-6 ISO-IEC_ ISO/IEC TC

  13. ISO/TC 211/WG 9/N 005 Number of Pages: 60

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Imai, Hiroshi

    ISO/TC 211/WG 9/N 005 2002-08-26 Number of Pages: 60 ISO/TC 211 Geographic Information: Reference: None Distribution: Members of Working Group 9 ISO/TC 211 Secretariat ISO/TC 211/WG9 Convenor://www-imai.is.s.u-tokyo.ac.jp/wg9/ #12;© ISO 2002 -- All rights reserved ISO TC 211/SC N Date: 2002-08-26 ISO/WD 19131 ISO TC 211

  14. ISO/TC 211/WG 9/N 004 Number of Pages: 21

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Imai, Hiroshi

    ISO/TC 211/WG 9/N 004 2002-07-20 Number of Pages: 21 ISO/TC 211 Geographic Information action: Reference: None Distribution: Members of Working Group 9 ISO/TC 211 Secretariat ISO/TC 211/WG9://www-imai.is.s.u-tokyo.ac.jp/wg9/ #12;© ISO 2002 -- All rights reserved ISO TC 211/SC N 1310 Date: 2002-07-20 ISO/PDTS 19127 ISO TC

  15. ISO Observations of Quasars and Quasar Hosts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Belinda J. Wilkes

    1997-01-23T23:59:59.000Z

    The Infrared Space Observatory (ISO), launched in November 1995, allows us to measure the far-infrared (far-IR) emission of quasars in greater detail and over a wider energy range than previously possible. In this paper, preliminary results in a study of the 5--200 $\\mu m$ continuum of quasars and active galaxies are presented. Comparison of the spectral energy distributions show that, if the far-IR emission from quasars is thermal emission from galaxian dust, the host galaxies of quasars must contain dust in quantities comparable to IR luminous galaxies rather than normal spiral galaxies. In the near-IR, the ISO data confirm an excess due to a warm `AGN-related' dust component, possibly from the putative molecular torus. We report detection of the high-redshift quasar, 1202-0727, in the near-IR indicating that it is unusually IR-bright compared with low-redshift quasars.

  16. Computational Needs for the Next Generation Electric Grid Proceedings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Birman, Kenneth

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Ott, “Unit commitment in PJM”, Technical Conference on Unit The long? term planning at PJM and MISO in terms of wind as two  exceptions.  In the Midwest, PJM and MISO, and in 

  17. AMERICAN INNOVATION:MANUFACTURING LOW CARBON TECHNOLOGIES IN THE MIDWEST EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hoffman, Andrew J.

    the manufacture of hundreds of additional low-carbon technologies not examined in this report, and opportunitiesAMERICAN INNOVATION:MANUFACTURING LOW CARBON TECHNOLOGIES IN THE MIDWEST EXECUTIVE SUMMARY JANUARY substantial energy efficiency savings, new jobs created outside of the manufacturing sector, benefits from

  18. Switchgrass Biomass Production in the Midwest USA: Harvest and Nitrogen Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laughlin, Robert B.

    Switchgrass Biomass Production in the Midwest USA: Harvest and Nitrogen Management Kenneth P. Vogel.,for switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.) grown as a biomass or bioen- 1998; Brejda, 2000; Muir et al., 2001). The N and N rates for biomass produc- ment of switchgrass used for hay or grazing largely de- tion

  19. Stream Restoration in the Upper Midwest, U.S.A. Gretchen G. Alexander1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Allan, David

    Stream Restoration in the Upper Midwest, U.S.A. Gretchen G. Alexander1 and J. David Allan1,2 Abstract Restoration activities intended to improve the condition of streams and rivers are widespread types of activities and their effectiveness. We developed a database of 1,345 stream restoration

  20. Reducing Health Disparities The Midwest Latino Health Research, Training and Policy Center (MLHRC) is a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Illinois at Chicago, University of

    . The center is studying access to care and health disparities among underserved and minority women with breastReducing Health Disparities The Midwest Latino Health Research, Training and Policy Center (MLHRC of Excellence, and the UIC School of Public Health. MLHRC began with a minority research center on the Medical

  1. Optimal Use of Current and Outdated Channel State Information - Degrees of Freedom of the MISO BC with Mixed CSIT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gou, Tiangao

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We consider a multiple-input-single-output (MISO) broadcast channel with mixed channel state information at the transmitter (CSIT) that consists of imperfect current CSIT and perfect outdated CSIT. Recent work by Kobayashi et al. presented a scheme which exploits both imperfect current CSIT and perfect outdated CSIT and achieves higher degrees of freedom (DoF) than possible with only imperfect current CSIT or only outdated CSIT individually. In this work, we further improve the achievable DoF in this setting by incorporating additional private messages, and provide a tight information theoretic DoF outer bound, thereby identifying the DoF optimal use of mixed CSIT. The new result is stronger even in the original setting of only delayed CSIT, because it allows us to remove the restricting assumption of statistically equivalent fading for all users.

  2. A convex approximation approach to Weighted Sum Rate Maximization of Multiuser MISO Interference Channel under outage constraints

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Wei-Chiang; Lin, Che; Chi, Chong-Yung

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper considers weighted sum rate maximization of multiuser multiple-input single-output interference channel (MISO-IFC) under outage constraints. The outage-constrained weighted sum rate maximization problem is a nonconvex optimization problem and is difficult to solve. While it is possible to optimally deal with this problem in an exhaustive search manner by finding all the Pareto-optimal rate tuples in the (discretized) outage-constrained achievable rate region, this approach, however, suffers from a prohibitive computational complexity and is feasible only when the number of transmitter-receive pairs is small. In this paper, we propose a convex optimization based approximation method for efficiently handling the outage-constrained weighted sum rate maximization problem. The proposed approximation method consists of solving a sequence of convex optimization problems, and thus can be efficiently implemented by interior-point methods. Simulation results show that the proposed method can yield near-optim...

  3. A graded approach to ISO 9000 implementation for records managers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pasterczyk, C.E.

    1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ISO 9000 is a series of quality system standards developed by Technical Committee 176 of the International Standards Organization. The series includes three standards, ISO 9001 `Quality systems--Model for quality assurance in design/development, production, installation and serving,` ISO 9002 `Quality systems--Model for quality assurance in production and installation,` ISO 9003 `Quality systems--Model for quality assurance in final inspection and test,` and two guidelines, ISO 9000 `Quality management and quality assurance standards` and ISO 9004 `Quality management and quality system elements--Guidelines.` In companies with quality programs already in place, the structure of the ISO series lends itself to augmenting those policies, procedures, and instructions where problems exist or where the risks of failure are greater. The objectives of this paper are to provide a basic familiarity to ISO 9000 and quality assurance concepts; provide a higher level of familiarity to the records management and document control portions of the ISO 9000 series; and to discuss a graded approach to meeting the intent of ISO 9000.

  4. The ISO Galactic Metallicity Gradient Revisited

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Uriel Giveon; Christophe Morisset; Amiel Sternberg

    2002-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

    Two independent groups (Giveon et al. 2002; Martin-Hernandez et al. 2002) have recently investigated the Galactic metallicity gradient as probed by ISO observations of mid-infrared emission lines from HII regions. We show that the different gradients inferred by the two groups are due to differing source selection and differing extinction corrections. We show that both data sets in fact provide consistent results if identical assumptions are made in the analysis. We present a consistent set of gradients in which we account for extinction and variation in electron temperature across the disk.

  5. ISO launches a project committee to develop an International...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    launches a project committee to develop an International Standard for energy management ISO launches a project committee to develop an International Standard for energy management...

  6. Moving from ISO9000 to the Higher Levels of the Capability Maturity Model (CMM)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jalote, Pankaj

    in the world that are ISO9001 certified. Many of these are now considering adopting the SEI's Capability]. In this transition from ISO9001 to CMM, processes have to be enhanced to suit the CMM (while preserving ISO9001 issue of an ISO organization transitioning to higher levels of CMM. ISO 9001 is a standard that has 20

  7. ISO 191** Standards for NASA SiriJodha Singh Khalsa, Lead

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Christian, Eric

    ISO 191** Standards for NASA SiriJodha Singh Khalsa, Lead MENDS Tiger Team to support ISO metadata ­ GCMD and ECHO both acGvely working on ISO ­ Missions and data centers looking at ISO · FGDC has endorsed ISO 19115 ­ OMB mandated all

  8. Locally Adaptive Marching Cubes through Iso-Value Michael Glanznig Muhammad Muddassir Malik M. Eduard Grller

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Locally Adaptive Marching Cubes through Iso-Value Variation Michael Glanznig Muhammad Muddassir algorithm where instead of a global iso-value each grid point has its own iso-value. This defines an iso computes the intersection of two general line segments, because there is no longer a constant iso

  9. Analysis of ISO NE Balancing Requirements: Uncertainty-based Secure Ranges for ISO New England Dynamic Inerchange Adjustments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Etingov, Pavel V.; Makarov, Yuri V.; Wu, Di; Hou, Zhangshuan; Sun, Yannan; Maslennikov, S.; Luo, X.; Zheng, T.; George, S.; Knowland, T.; Litvinov, E.; Weaver, S.; Sanchez, E.

    2013-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The document describes detailed uncertainty quantification (UQ) methodology developed by PNNL to estimate secure ranges of potential dynamic intra-hour interchange adjustments in the ISO-NE system and provides description of the dynamic interchange adjustment (DINA) tool developed under the same contract. The overall system ramping up and down capability, spinning reserve requirements, interchange schedules, load variations and uncertainties from various sources that are relevant to the ISO-NE system are incorporated into the methodology and the tool. The DINA tool has been tested by PNNL and ISO-NE staff engineers using ISO-NE data.

  10. Electricity Monthly Update

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    month. Prices and demand are shown for six Regional Transmission Operator (RTO) markets: ISO New England (ISO-NE), New York ISO (NYISO), PJM Interconnection (PJM), Midwest ISO...

  11. Quality Management and Job Quality: How the ISO 9001 Standard forQuality Management Systems Affects Employees and Employers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levine, David I.; Toffel, Michael W.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and Job Quality: How the ISO 9001 Standard for Qualityhave examined how the ISO 9001 Quality Management Systemcompanies in California. ISO 9001 adopters subsequently had

  12. AN INSTITUTIONAL PERSPECTIVE ON THE DIFFUSION OF INTERNATIONAL MANAGEMENT STANDARDS: THE CASE OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT STANDARD ISO 14001

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Delmas, Magali A

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2002. Deciding on ISO 14001: Economics, institutions, andnational production regimes: ISO 9000 standards in theRegistration Practices for ISO 14001. National Academy of

  13. Recent blackouts in US and continental Europe: is liberalisation to blame?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bialek, Janusz

    2004-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

    —but it did affect Midwest Independent System Operator (MISO) performance as reliability coordinator, even though PJM is the reliability coordinator for the DPL line. One of MISO’s primary system condition evaluation tools, its state estimator, was unable... an effective state estimator, MISO was unable to perform contingency analyses of generation and line losses within its reliability zone. Therefore, through 15:34 EDT MISO could not determine that with Eastlake 5 down, other transmission lines would overload...

  14. Presentaci de l'ISO L'Institut de Sntesi Orgnica (ISO), es constitux com un Institut Universitari d'Investigaci a l'octubre de 2003 i

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Escolano, Francisco

    Presentació de l'ISO L'Institut de Síntesi Orgànica (ISO), es constituïx com un Institut l'àmplia varietat de sectors productius que es fonamenten en la síntesi orgànica. L'ISO està Síntesi Orgànica. També pretén proporcionar assessorament tècnic en l'àmbit de les seves competències. L'ISO

  15. La nouvelle norme ISO/IEC 29110La nouvelle norme ISO/IEC 29110 pour les trs petits organismesp p g

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Québec, Université du

    La nouvelle norme ISO/IEC 29110La nouvelle norme ISO/IEC 29110 pour les très petits organismesp p g étudiants www.etsmtl.ca Page 2 #12;Une école d'ingénieurs canadienne lauréate du Trophée ISO 2011 pourlauréate du Trophée ISO 2011 pour l'enseignement supérieur en normalisation · L'École de technologie

  16. The contribution of future agricultural trends in the US Midwest to global climate change mitigation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Thomson, Allison M.; Kyle, G. Page; Zhang, Xuesong; Bandaru, Varaprasad; West, Tristram O.; Wise, Marshall A.; Izaurralde, Roberto C.; Calvin, Katherine V.

    2014-01-19T23:59:59.000Z

    Land use change is a complex response to changing environmental and socioeconomic systems. Historical drivers of land use change include changes in the natural resource availability of a region, changes in economic conditions for production of certain products and changing policies. Most recently, introduction of policy incentives for biofuel production have influenced land use change in the US Midwest, leading to concerns that bioenergy production systems may compete with food production and land conservation. Here we explore how land use may be impacted by future climate mitigation measures by nesting a high resolution agricultural model (EPIC – Environmental Policy Indicator Climate) for the US Midwest within a global integrated assessment model (GCAM – Global Change Assessment Model). This approach is designed to provide greater spatial resolution and detailed agricultural practice information by focusing on the climate mitigation potential of agriculture and land use in a specific region, while retaining the global economic context necessary to understand the far ranging effects of climate mitigation targets. We find that until the simulated carbon prices are very high, the US Midwest has a comparative advantage in producing traditional food and feed crops over bioenergy crops. Overall, the model responds to multiple pressures by adopting a mix of future responses. We also find that the GCAM model is capable of simulations at multiple spatial scales and agricultural technology resolution, which provides the capability to examine regional response to global policy and economic conditions in the context of climate mitigation.

  17. Evaluation of Wind Shear Patterns at Midwest Wind Energy Facilities: Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Smith, K.; Randall, G.; Malcolm, D.; Kelley, N.; Smith, B.

    2002-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The U.S. Department of Energy-Electric Power Research Institute (DOE-EPRI) Wind Turbine Verification Program (TVP) has included several wind energy facilities in the Midwestern United States. At several of these projects, a strong diurnal shear pattern has been observed. During the day, low and sometimes negative shear has been measured. During night hours, very high positive shear is frequently observed. These high nighttime shear values are of concern due to the potential for high stresses across the rotor. The resulting loads on turbine components could result in failures. Conversely, the effects of high nighttime wind shear could benefit wind generated energy production in the Midwest by providing a source of greater hub-height wind speeds, particularly for multi-megawatt turbines that utilize tall towers. This paper presents an overview of the observed wind shear at each of the Midwest TVP projects, focusing on diurnal patterns and the frequency of very high nighttime shear at the sites. Turbine fault incidence is examined to determine the presence or absence of a correlation to periods of high shear. Implications of shear-related failures are discussed for other Midwest projects that use megawatt-scale turbines. In addition, this paper discusses the importance of accurate shear estimates for project development.

  18. ISO impact on stellar models and vice versa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    L. Decin; C. Waelkens; K. Eriksson; B. Gustafsson; B. Plez; A. J. Sauval; W. Van Assche; B. Vandenbussche

    2000-08-23T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a detailed spectroscopic study of a sample of bright, mostly cool, stars observed with the Short-Wavelength Spectrometer (SWS) on board the Infrared Space Observatory (ISO), which enables the accurate determination of the stellar parameters of the cool giants, but also serves as a critical review of the ISO-SWS calibration.

  19. THE SECURITY-CONSTRAINED COMMITMENT AND DISPATCH FOR MIDWEST ISO DAY-AHEAD CO-OPTIMIZED ENERGY AND ANCILLARY SERVICE MARKET

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCalley, James D.

    curves are introduced to allow for efficient pricing of energy and AS capacities by location. Efficient and a market for Financial Transmission Rights (FTRs). The energy markets produce DA and RT locational marginal prices (LMPs) that can vary across the region to reflect local generation production marginal costs

  20. Entwicklung eines elektronischen Controlling Tools fr die Zertifizierung von Managementsystemen nach DIN EN ISO 17021

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berlin,Technische Universität

    nach DIN EN ISO 17021 Simon Buchner, Technische Universität Berlin, simon DIN EN ISO/IEC 17021:2011 extrahiert sowie der im Unternehmen bereits bestehende Prozess der according to DIN EN ISO 17021 Simon Buchner, Technische Universität Berlin, simon

  1. Evaluation of PC-ISO for customized, 3D printed, gynecologic 192Ir HDR brachytherapy applicators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2015 253 Cunha et al. : PC-ISO for 3D printed brachytherapy1, 2015 Evaluation of PC-ISO for customized, 3D printed,attenuation properties of PC-ISO, a commercially available,

  2. ISO observations of four active galaxies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michel Dennefeld; Thomas Boller; Dimitra Rigopoulou; Henrik Spoon

    2003-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

    We present ISO PHOT-S spectra of four galaxies known or suspected to host a central AGN, selected from the initial Iras/Rosat sample of Boller et al. (1992). Two of them had no obvious Seyfert features in their previous optical spectra: IRAS 14201+2956, and IRAS 21582+1018. The latter was bright enough to also allow SWS observations around selected neon lines, to establish its excitation. While both PHOT-S spectra are characteristic of starburst-dominated galaxies, the neon line ratios in IRAS 21582+1018 indicate the presence of a hard excitation source. New, high-resolution, optical spectra show only a weak, broad component around Halpha, classifying now these two objects as Sey 1.9 galaxies. The two other galaxies observed are the NLS1 galaxies Mrk 359 and Mrk 1388. Their ISO spectra however do not reveal the typical, strong PAH features found in the starburst galaxies and are more like those of standard Seyferts. These results show therefore that, although IR observations were expected to be able to always reveal the presence of an active nucleus by piercing through the central obscuration, the result may be ambiguous: the broad band IR energy distribution can still be dominated by starburts located in a circumnuclear region, and the AGN appear only in specific observations (high-excitation lines in the IR, or optical spectra with better quality than classification spectra). The obscuration needs however to be patchy rather than complete, to explain the detection of the high-excitation lines or broad Balmer wings. Only high-energy observations can then establish the strength of the central AGN and the amount of extinction with certainty.

  3. MISO Market Performance: An AgentMISO Market Performance: An Agent--Based Computational TestBased Computational Test--BedBed HongyanHongyan LiLiaa, andand LeighLeigh TesfatsionTesfatsionbb

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tesfatsion, Leigh

    managed via Locational Marginal Pricing (LMP) determined by ISO via bid/offer-based OPF. In April 2003 Companies (GenCos) & Load-Serving Entities (LSEs) located at various transmission buses Grid Congestion LMP Average LI (Lerner Index) With learning Fig.5 Average LMP and LI Levels as Demand-Bid Price

  4. ISO/TC 211/WG 9/N 002 Number of Pages: 19

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Imai, Hiroshi

    ISO/TC 211/WG 9/N 002 2002-05-30 Number of Pages: 19 ISO/TC 211 Geographic Information till 2002-06-14 Reference: None Distribution: Members of Working Group 9 ISO/TC 211 Secretariat ISO@is.s.u-tokyo.ac.jp URL: http://www-imai.is.s.u-tokyo.ac.jp/wg9/ #12;© ISO 2002 ­ All rights reserved ISO TC 211 N

  5. ISO/TC 211/WG 9/N 016 Number of Pages: 87

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Imai, Hiroshi

    ISO/TC 211/WG 9/N 016 2004-10-28 Number of Pages: 87 ISO/TC 211 Geographic Information ISO/TC 211 Secretariat ISO/TC 211/WG9 Convenor Telephone: + 81 3 5841 4117 Telefax: + 81 3 5800 6933-8656, Japan E-mail: imai@is.s.u-tokyo.ac.jp URL: http://www-imai.is.s.u-tokyo.ac.jp/wg9/ #12;ISO/PDTS © ISO

  6. Thinking Globally: How ISO 50001 - Energy Management can make industrial energy efficiency standard practice

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McKane, Aimee

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    with management systems, for example - quality, safety, andother management systems, such as ISO 90001 (quality) andquality management practices (ISO 9001) and environmental management systems (

  7. Quality Management and Job Quality: How the ISO 9001 Standard forQuality Management Systems Affects Employees and Employers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levine, David I.; Toffel, Michael W.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    M.J. , F.M. Veloso. 2008. ISO 9000 practices and financialon global standards: A 15-economy survey of ISO 9000and ISO 14000. ISO Management Systems (Jan-Feb). http://

  8. area iso survey: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of the sky at 15mu and 90mu and subsets of this area at 6.75mu and 175mu using the Infrared Space Observatory (ISO). This project was the largest single open time programme...

  9. ISO New England Forward Capacity Market (Rhode Island)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Under the Forward Capacity Market (FCM), ISO New England projects the capacity needs of the region’s power system three years in advance and then holds an annual auction to purchase the power...

  10. TQM, ISO 9000, and Commissioning (Let's Be Practical)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dunn, W.; Berner, W.

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    consistent performance. International Standards Organization (ISO) applies discipline to that concept requiring a structured well-documented management environment capable of withstanding an audit. One could quickly build a library in the study of management...

  11. ISO 50001- Case Studies and Lessons Learned so Far

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tutterow, V.

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ISO 50001:2011 - Energy Management Systems - Requirements with Guidance for Use was published as a voluntary international standard in June 2011. Companies are slowly beginning to consider use of the standard, and a few are implementing the standard...

  12. On the contraction of so(4) to iso(3)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eyal M. Subag; Ehud Moshe Baruch; Joseph L. Birman; Ady Mann

    2012-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

    For any skew-Hermitian integrable irreducible infinite dimensional representation $\\eta$ of $iso(3)$, we find a sequence of (finite dimensional) irreducible representations $\\rho_n$ of $so(4)$ which contract to $\\eta$.

  13. Iso-singlet Down Quark Mixing And CP Violation Experiments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Donovan Hawkins; Dennis Silverman

    2002-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We confront the new physics models with extra iso-singlet down quarks in the new CP violation experimental era with $\\sin{(2\\beta)}$ and $\\epsilon'/\\epsilon$ measurements, $K^+ \\to \\pi^+ \

  14. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Midwest Manufacturing Co - IL 0-04

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA group currentBradleyTableSelling Corp - CT 0-01 FUSRAP ConsideredMill SiteMidwest

  15. Energy Results of ISO 50001 Deployment by Program Administrators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, K.; Gilless, C.; Milward, R.

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Early Results of ISO 50001 Deployment by Utility Programs CHAD GILLESS PRACTICE LEAD, STRATEGIC ENERGY MANAGEMENT ENERNOC PORTLAND, OREGON KIM BROWN ASSOCIATE ENERNOC PORTLAND, OREGON DRESDEN SKEES- GREGORY SUSTAINABLE... Solutions Portland, OR Portland, OR Walnut Creek, CA ESL-IE-13-05-12 Proceedings of the Thrity-Fifth Industrial Energy Technology Conference New Orleans, LA. May 21-24, 2013 2 Presentation Objectives ? Overview of current status ISO deployments...

  16. ISO/IEC 15909-2, concepts of high-level nets and CPN Laure Petrucci

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kindler, Ekkart

    ISO/IEC 15909-2, concepts of high-level nets and CPN Laure Petrucci LIPN, University Paris 13 Villetaneuse, France L. Petrucci PNS'07 -- 26 june 2007 1 / 11 #12;Outline Outline 1 Genesis Status of ISO/IEC 2 / 11 #12;Genesis Status of ISO/IEC 15909 Status of ISO/IEC 15909 Standard in 3 parts Part 1

  17. ISO9001 Certification in UK Organisations A comparative study of motivations and impacts.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    ISO9001 Certification in UK Organisations A comparative study of motivations and impacts. Scott Mc considered as the minimum standard for a quality management system. The number of ISO 9001 certified if the motives for obtaining ISO 9001 certification, and the perceived impacts to be derived from ISO 9001

  18. Methodological utilities for organizing cooperative work process according to ISO 9001 standard recommendations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 Methodological utilities for organizing cooperative work process according to ISO 9001 standard is based on the recommendations of ISO 9001 standard. Classical methods decompose a project into several, the recommendations of the ISO 9001 standard (ISO, 2000) are applied, which define different requirements to control

  19. CONGESTION IN THE ISO-NE ELECTRICITY MARKETS ANNA BARBARA IHRIG

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gross, George

    CONGESTION IN THE ISO-NE ELECTRICITY MARKETS BY ANNA BARBARA IHRIG THESIS Advisor: Prof. George in charge of operation and control, the ISO-NE. We describe how the ISO-NE administers the energy market in causing congestion is analyzed; no significant correlation was found. In addition, the impacts of the ISO

  20. FORMAL MODELS OF QUALITY AND ISO 9000 COMPLIANCE: AN INFORMATION SYSTEMS APPROACH

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fox, Mark S.

    FORMAL MODELS OF QUALITY AND ISO 9000 COMPLIANCE: AN INFORMATION SYSTEMS APPROACH Henry M. Kim, and the ISO 9003 Micro-Theory. The TOVE Quality Ontology represents a prototype formalization, researched from ISO 9000 and other quality management references, but independent of any one source. And the ISO 9003

  1. ISO/TC 211/WG 9/N 009 Number of Pages: 66

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Imai, Hiroshi

    ISO/TC 211/WG 9/N 009 2002-06-17 Number of Pages: 66 ISO/TC 211 Geographic Information and the Convenor till 2003- 06-30 Reference: None Distribution: Members of Working Group 9 ISO/TC 211 Secretariat ISO/TC 211/WG9 Convenor Telephone: + 81 3 5841 4117 Telefax: + 81 3 5800 6933 Hiroshi Imai Department

  2. A metadata infrastructure using ISO standards Department of Computing, University of Surrey, UK

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gillam, Lee

    A metadata infrastructure using ISO standards Lee Gillam Department of Computing, University descriptors that have been, or are being, defined through ISO. ISO standards can be used for the creation, either already in existence or currently emerging through ISO, for metadata. These standards include

  3. La nouvelle norme ISO/IEC 29110 pour les trs petits organismes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laporte, Claude Y.

    La nouvelle norme ISO/IEC 29110 pour les très petits organismes Claude Y. Laporte, ing., M école d'ingénieurs canadienne lauréate du Trophée ISO 2011 pour l'enseignement supérieur en normalisation · L'École de technologie supérieure est la lauréate du Trophée ISO pourlauréate du Trophée ISO

  4. ISO/IEC 3rd CD 15909-2 Date: 2007-01-22

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kindler, Ekkart

    ISO/IEC 3rd CD 15909-2 Date: 2007-01-22 ISO/JTC1/SC7/WG19 1.1.5 Software and Systems Engineering ­ High-level Petri Nets ­ Part 2: Transfer Format Warning This document is not an ISO International documentation. Copyright notice This ISO document is a working draft or committee draft and is copyright

  5. TagParser: well on the way to ISO-TC37 conformance Gil FRANCOPOULO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    TagParser: well on the way to ISO-TC37 conformance Gil FRANCOPOULO TAGMATICA 126 rue de Picpus that are currently under development within ISO-TC37. Then as an example of application of these ISO specifications and research teams. Officially recognized specifications are needed. The ISO-TC37 work started from the GENELEX

  6. ISO's Contribution to the Study of Clusters of Galaxies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    L. Metcalfe; D. Fadda; A. Biviano

    2005-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

    Starting with nearby galaxy clusters like Virgo and Coma, and continuing out to the furthest galaxy clusters for which ISO results have yet been published ($z=0.56$), we discuss the development of knowledge of the infrared and associated physical properties of galaxy clusters from early IRAS observations, through the "ISO-era" to the present, in order to explore the status of ISO's contribution to this field. Relevant IRAS and ISO programmes are reviewed, addressing both the cluster galaxies and the still-very-limited evidence for an infrared-emitting intra-cluster medium. ISO made important advances in knowledge of both nearby and distant galaxy clusters, such as the discovery of a major cold dust component in Virgo and Coma cluster galaxies, the elaboration of the correlation between dust emission and Hubble-type, and the detection of numerous Luminous Infrared Galaxies (LIRGs) in several distant clusters. These and consequent achievements are underlined and described. We recall that, due to observing time constraints, ISO's coverage of higher-redshift galaxy clusters to the depths required to detect and study statistically significant samples of cluster galaxies over a range of morphological types could not be comprehensive and systematic, and such systematic coverage of distant clusters will be an important achievement of the Spitzer Observatory.

  7. Technical Report: Impacts of Land Management and Climate on Agroecosystem Greenhouse Gas Exchange in the Upper Midwest United States

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Timothy J. Griffis; John M. Baker

    2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Our research is designed to improve the scientific understanding of how carbon is cycled between the land and atmosphere within a heavily managed landscape that is characteristic of the Upper Midwest. The Objectives are: 1) Quantify the seasonal and interannual variation of net ecosystem CO2 exchange of agricultural ecosystems in the Upper Midwest grown under different management strategies; 2) Partition net ecosystem CO2 exchange into photosynthesis and ecosystem respiration by combining micrometeorological and stable isotope techniques; 3) Examine the seasonal variation in canopy-scale photosynthetic discrimination and the isotope ratios of ecosystem respiration and photosynthesis.

  8. ISO/TC 211/WG 9/N 014 Number of Pages:17

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Imai, Hiroshi

    ISO/TC 211/WG 9/N 014 2004-08-16 Number of Pages:17 ISO/TC 211 Geographic Information Distribution: Members of Working Group 9 ISO/TC 211 Secretariat ISO/TC 211/WG9 Convenor Telephone: + 81 3 5841://www-imai.is.s.u-tokyo.ac.jp/wg9/ #12;© ISO 2004 ­ All rights reserved Document type: International Standard Document subtype

  9. ISO/TC 211/WG 9/N 006 Number of Pages: 41

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Imai, Hiroshi

    ISO/TC 211/WG 9/N 006 2003-01-22 Number of Pages: 41 ISO/TC 211 Geographic Information of Working Group 9 ISO/TC 211 Secretariat ISO/TC 211/WG9 Convenor Telephone: + 81 3 5841 4117 Telefax: + 81 3 113-0033, Japan E-mail: imai@is.s.u-tokyo.ac.jp URL: http://www-imai.is.s.u-tokyo.ac.jp/wg9/ #12;© ISO

  10. ISO/TC 211/WG 9/N 013 Number of Pages:20

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Imai, Hiroshi

    ISO/TC 211/WG 9/N 013 2004-08-07 Number of Pages:20 ISO/TC 211 Geographic Information Distribution: Members of Working Group 9 ISO/TC 211 Secretariat ISO/TC 211/WG9 Convenor Telephone: + 81 3 5841://www-imai.is.s.u-tokyo.ac.jp/wg9/ #12;© ISO 2004 ­ All rights reserved Document type: International Standard Document subtype

  11. ISO/TC 211/WG 9/N 017 Number of Pages: 3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Imai, Hiroshi

    ISO/TC 211/WG 9/N 017 2005-06-27 Number of Pages: 3 ISO/TC 211 Geographic Information: Reference: None Distribution: Members of Working Group 9 ISO/TC 211 Secretariat ISO/TC 211/WG9 Convenor in the WG9 is reported by the Convenor. 2.1 WI 6709 The target of WI 6709 is to revise ISO 6709:1983. Due

  12. ISO/TC 211/WG 9/N 012 Number of Pages: 58

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Imai, Hiroshi

    ISO/TC 211/WG 9/N 012 2004-07-12 Number of Pages: 58 ISO/TC 211 Geographic Information of Working Group 9 ISO/TC 211 Secretariat ISO/TC 211/WG9 Convenor Telephone: + 81 3 5841 4117 Telefax: + 81 3 113-8656, Japan E-mail: imai@is.s.u-tokyo.ac.jp URL: http://www-imai.is.s.u-tokyo.ac.jp/wg9/ #12;ISO

  13. Single-User Beamforming in Large-Scale MISO Systems with Per-Antenna Constant-Envelope Constraints: The Doughnut Channel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohammed, Saif Khan

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Large antenna arrays at the base station (BS) has recently been shown to achieve remarkable intra-cell interference suppression at low complexity. However, building large arrays in practice, would require the use of power-efficient RF amplifiers, which generally have poor linearity characteristics and hence would require the use of input signals with a very small peak-to-average power ratio (PAPR). In this paper, we consider the single-user Multiple-Input Single-Output (MISO) downlink channel for the case where the BS antennas are constrained to transmit signals having constant envelope (CE). We show that, with per-antenna CE transmission the effective channel seen by the receiver is a SISO AWGN channel with its input constrained to lie in a doughnut-shaped region. For single-path direct-line-of-sight (DLOS) and general i.i.d. fading channels, analysis of the effective doughnut channel shows that under a per-antenna CE input constraint, i) compared to an average-only total transmit power constrained MISO chan...

  14. Iso-geometric analysis for neutron diffusion problems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hall, S. K.; Eaton, M. D.; Williams, M. M. R. [Dept. of Earth Science and Engineering, Imperial College, South Kensington Campus, London SW7 2AZ (United Kingdom)

    2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Iso-geometric analysis can be viewed as a generalisation of the finite element method. It permits the exact representation of a wider range of geometries including conic sections. This is possible due to the use of concepts employed in computer-aided design. The underlying mathematical representations from computer-aided design are used to capture both the geometry and approximate the solution. In this paper the neutron diffusion equation is solved using iso-geometric analysis. The practical advantages are highlighted by looking at the problem of a circular fuel pin in a square moderator. For this problem the finite element method requires the geometry to be approximated. This leads to errors in the shape and size of the interface between the fuel and the moderator. In contrast to this iso-geometric analysis allows the interface to be represented exactly. It is found that, due to a cancellation of errors, the finite element method converges more quickly than iso-geometric analysis for this problem. A fuel pin in a vacuum was then considered as this problem is highly sensitive to the leakage across the interface. In this case iso-geometric analysis greatly outperforms the finite element method. Due to the improvement in the representation of the geometry iso-geometric analysis can outperform traditional finite element methods. It is proposed that the use of iso-geometric analysis on neutron transport problems will allow deterministic solutions to be obtained for exact geometries. Something that is only currently possible with Monte Carlo techniques. (authors)

  15. Impacts of a nuclear war in South Asia on soybean and maize production in the Midwest United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robock, Alan

    Impacts of a nuclear war in South Asia on soybean and maize production in the Midwest United States conditions from war-related smoke. We combined observed climate conditions for the states of Iowa, Illinois phases also had an important effect. 1 Introduction In the event of nuclear war, targets in cities

  16. Impacts of a nuclear war in South Asia on soybean and maize production in the Midwest United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robock, Alan

    Impacts of a nuclear war in South Asia on soybean and maize production in the Midwest United States and soybeans to cooler, drier, and darker conditions from war-related smoke. We combined observed climate had an important effect. 1 Introduction In the event of nuclear war, targets in cities and industrial

  17. Fuel-Cycle Fossil Energy Use and Greenhouse Gas Emissions of Fuel Ethanol Produced from U.S. Midwest Corn

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patzek, Tadeusz W.

    #12;Fuel-Cycle Fossil Energy Use and Greenhouse Gas Emissions of Fuel Ethanol Produced from U on a mass emission per travel mile basis, the corn-to-ethanol fuel cycle for Midwest-produced ethanol% of total domestic ethanol production. That is, while the model still covers all alternative fuels and five

  18. University of Michigan, EECS, Ann Arbor The Midwest Computer Vision Workshop (MCVW) 2011 is an informal meeting of academic and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eustice, Ryan

    May 5th & 6th , 2010 University of Michigan, EECS, Ann Arbor The Midwest Computer Vision Workshop will be presented. Steering Comittee: Silvio Savarese, University of Michigan Derek Hoiem, University of Illinois Technological Institute at Chicago Local organizers Silvio Savarese, University of Michigan Byung-Soo Kim

  19. The ISO/NASA Key Project on AGN Spectral Energy Distributions (Characteristics of the ISO Data)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eric J. Hooper; Belinda J. Wilkes; Kim K. McLeod; Martin S. Elvis; Chris D. Impey; Carol J. Lonsdale; Matt A. Malkan; Jonathan C. McDowell

    1999-02-05T23:59:59.000Z

    The U.S. ISO Key Project on quasar spectral energy distributions seeks to better understand the very broad-band emission features of quasars from radio to X-rays. A key element of this project is observations of 72 quasars with the ISOPHOT instrument at 8 bands, from 5 to 200 microns. The sample was chosen to span a wide range of redshifts and quasar types. This paper presents an overview of the analysis and reduction techniques, as well as general trends within the data set (comparisons with IRAS fluxes, uncertainties as a function of background sky brightness, and an analysis of vignetting corrections in chopped observing mode). A more detailed look at a few objects in the sample is presented in Wilkes et al. 1999, astro-ph/9902084.

  20. A look back at achieving ISO 14001 certification

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Heyob, K.; Heigel, G.

    1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In 1996, Honda of America Mfg., Inc. (Honda) set a goal of achieving ISO 14001 certification for all major US manufacturing plants by the end of 1998. This paper is a reality-based look at what implementation of ISO 14001 really entailed and, after implementation, the benefits and problems that Honda has experienced. Honda will describe the implementation experience from start to finish, including development of the implementation strategy, problems encountered along the way, implementation tips learned during the process, and what would be done differently the second time. Honda initially developed an implementation plan, estimated resource requirements and assigned plant-wide implementation teams. A core team of project leaders was trained to lead the implementation and general training was provided for all project team members. Honda evaluated the gaps between Honda's existing TQM-based environmental management systems and the requirements of ISO 14001 and developed a strategy to fill the gaps using TQM principles. The paper will describe how Honda addressed each element of the ISO 14001 standard and integrated them within existing business and environmental management practices. The paper will also look-back at the implementation process and identify problems that Honda experienced and what could be done differently to save time and resources. Finally, Honda will describe any problems encountered with maintaining the ISO 14001 certified environmental management system and the benefits that have come from certification.

  1. IsoTex: Texaco`s olefin skeletal isomerization process

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sawicki, R.A.; Pellet, R.J.; Kuhlmann, E.J.; Huang, H.M.; O`Young, C.L.; Kessler, R.V.; Casey, D.G. [Texaco Research and Development, Beacon, NY (United States)

    1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Texaco has developed a new process (IsoTex) for the skeletal isomerization of n-olefins. The IsoTex process can convert normal butenes to isobutylene or normal pentenes to isoamylenes. The resulting product stream is an excellent feed for MTBE, ETBE or TAME units. The process has isomerized an untreated refinery C4 raffinate stream from an MTBE plant. A kinetic model was developed for the butene system. This model accurately predicted IsoTex performance in a one barrel per day skid unit at a Gulf Coast chemical plant. Process economics have been calculated for a once through 54,000 BPD C{sub 4} isomerization plant as well as a 10,000 BPD plant for recycle to an existing MTBE reactor. Economics have also been completed for a 6,800 BPD pentene once through isomerization unit.

  2. Implementation of ISO140001 at the Savannah River Site

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Marra, S.L. [Westinghouse Savannah River Company, AIKEN, SC (United States); Reeves, R.D.

    1998-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

    The Department of Energy`s Savannah River Site (SRS) in Aiken, SC recently received ISO14001 certification. ISO14001 is an internationally recognized standard that delineates the elements of an effective environmental management system (EMS) and enhances environmental stewardship. SRS preparations for ISO14001 certification involved a comparison of existing programs to the requirements of the standard. Gaps in the program were identified and work initiated to fill those gaps. Primarily, these deficiencies were related to documentation of the SRS EMS and employee training. Certification was granted after an extensive review by a team of independent auditors. The review included personnel interviews, documentation reviews, and work practice observations. An overview of the preparation process as well as the independent review will be presented.

  3. Cost-effective Design Options for IsoDAR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Adelmann; J. R. Alonso; W. Barletta; R. Barlow; L. Bartoszek; A. Bungau; L. Calabretta; A. Calanna; D. Campo; J. M. Conrad; Z. Djurcic; Y. Kamyshkov; H. Owen; M. H. Shaevitz; I. Shimizu; T. Smidt; J. Spitz; M. Toups; M. Wascko; L. A. Winslow; J. J. Yang

    2012-10-16T23:59:59.000Z

    This whitepaper reviews design options for the IsoDAR electron antineutrino source. IsoDAR is designed to produce $2.6 \\times 10^{22}$ electron antineutrinos per year with an average energy of 6.4 MeV, using isotope decay-at-rest. Aspects which must be balanced for cost-effectiveness include: overall cost; rate and energy distribution of the electron antineutrino flux and backgrounds; low technical risk; compactness; simplicity of underground construction and operation; reliability; value to future neutrino physics programs; and value to industry. We show that the baseline design outlined here is the most cost effective.

  4. A local infrared perspective to deeper ISO surveys

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. M. Alexander; H. Aussel

    2000-02-09T23:59:59.000Z

    We present new techniques to produce IRAS 12 micron samples of galaxies and stars. We show that previous IRAS 12 micron samples are incompatible for detailed comparison with ISO surveys and review their problems. We provide a stellar infrared diagnostic diagram to distinguish galaxies from stars without using longer wavelength IRAS colour criteria and produce complete 12 micron samples of galaxies and stars. This new technique allows us to estimate the contribution of non-dusty galaxies to the IRAS 12 micron counts and produce a true local mid-infrared extragalactic sample compatible with ISO surveys. We present our initial analysis and results.

  5. About ISO 50001 and DOE | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYouTube YouTube Note: Since the YouTube platform is alwaysISO 50001 Energy Management Standard » About ISO 50001 and

  6. Accepted for presentation at the 45th Midwest Symposium on Circuits and Systems, August 4-7, 2002, Tulsa, Oklahoma. Copyright IEEE 2002

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Tulsa, Oklahoma. Copyright IEEE 2002 NONLINEAR RECONSTRUCTION OF OVER-SAMPLED COARSELY QUANTIZED SIGNALS Midwest Symposium on Circuits and Systems, August 4-7, 2002, Tulsa, Oklahoma. Copyright IEEE 2002

  7. IMPLEMENTING AN ISO 14001 ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEM A Case Study of Environmental Training and Awareness at the Vancouver

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    IMPLEMENTING AN ISO 14001 ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEM A Case Study of Environmental Training an ISO 14001 environmental management system: A case study of environmental training and awareness of limiting environmental damage. Environmental management systems (EMSs), such as ISO 14001, provide

  8. Electricity generation with looped transmission networks: Bidding to an ISO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ferris, Michael C.

    on a transmission network from net generation nodes to net consumption nodes is governed by the Kirchoff Laws [45Electricity generation with looped transmission networks: Bidding to an ISO Xinmin Hu Daniel Ralph to model markets for delivery of electrical power on looped transmission networks. It analyzes

  9. X(3872) and Its Iso-Triplet Partners

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kunihiko Terasaki

    2012-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

    Decays of X(3872) and its partners as hidden-charm axial-vector tetra-quark mesons are studied. As the result, it is seen that the iso-triplet partners of X(3872) can be broad, and therefore, higher statistics would be needed to find them.

  10. The Galactic Center Interstellar Medium: from ISO to FIRST

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    N. J. Rodriguez-Fernandez; J. Martin-Pintado

    2001-01-19T23:59:59.000Z

    The Infrared Space Observatory (ISO) has shown the complexity of the Galactic center (GC) Interstellar medium (ISM) detecting, not only large column densities of warm molecular gas (H2), but the emission of neutral atoms and ions of low ionization potential (CII, OI, SiII,...) that should arise in shocked or photon-dominated regions (PDRs). In addition, ISO has also detected emission from ions like SIII, NeII, ArII, or NII (in some clouds we have even detected NeIII and OIII) that should arise from HII regions that were previously unsuspected due to the non-detection of Hydrogen recombination lines. Here we review some ISO results on the large scale study of the GC ISM and in particular, on the heating mechanisms of the clouds. Although, shocks should play an important role on the physics and chemistry of the GC ISM, ISO shows that the effect of radiation on the heating of the gas cannot be ruled out with the simple argument that the dust temperature is lower than that of the gas.

  11. The U.S. ISO Key Project on Quasars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eric Hooper; Belinda Wilkes; Kim McLeod; Jonathan McDowell; Martin Elvis; Matthew Malkan; Carol Lonsdale; Chris Impey

    1998-09-22T23:59:59.000Z

    Observations for the U.S. key project on quasars using ISO were completed in April when the satellite's cryogen supply expired. This proceeding presents an update of the project, including information on the final sample, a discussion of some of the data reduction challenges and current efforts to meet them, plus a comparison of preliminary results with IRAS fluxes.

  12. Adsorption of iso-/n-butane on an Anatase Thin Film: A Molecular...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    iso-n-butane on an Anatase Thin Film: A Molecular Beam Scattering and TDS Study. Adsorption of iso-n-butane on an Anatase Thin Film: A Molecular Beam Scattering and TDS Study....

  13. Politique Qualit La certification ISO 9001:2008 aura pour objectif de garantir et de

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brest, Université de

    Politique Qualité La certification ISO 9001:2008 aura pour objectif de garantir et de pérenniser la démarche qualité depuis 2010 selon la norme ISO 9001:2008. Les principaux processus, leurs interfaces et

  14. La Qualit l'ENSEEIHT Le Systme de Management de la qualit (ISO 9001)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grigoras, .Romulus

    La Qualité à l'ENSEEIHT Le Système de Management de la qualité (ISO 9001) En 3 mots : le Système de Management de la qualité (ISO 9001) - Le SMQ c'est : * Réaliser = Procédures, réaliser les activités (selon

  15. Incorporating Demand Resources into ISO New England’s Forward Capacity Market

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Winkler, E.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Forward Capacity Market was developed by ISO New England, the six New England states, and industry stakeholders to promote investment in demand- and supply-side resources. Under the new FCM design, ISO New England will project the needs...

  16. Application to Export Electric Energy OE Docket No. EA-298 ISO...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    ISO New England Inc.: Federal Register Notice Volume 69, No. 218 - Nov. 12, 2004 Application to Export Electric Energy OE Docket No. EA-298 ISO New England Inc.: Federal Register...

  17. AbstractStock-rebuilding time iso pleths relate constant levels of fishing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    519 Abstract­Stock-rebuilding time iso pleths relate constant levels of fishing mortality (F. Iso pleths calculated in previous studies by deterministic models approximate median, rather than mean

  18. Denaturation and Renaturation of Self-Assembled Yeast Iso-1-cytochrome c on Au

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zare, Richard N.

    Denaturation and Renaturation of Self-Assembled Yeast Iso-1-cytochrome c on Au Soonwoo Chah, Challa 06269-4060 We have made surface plasmon resonance (SPR) mea- surements of yeast iso-1-cytochrome c (Cyt

  19. ISO/IEC JTC1/SC29/WG1 N1584 13 March 2000

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zeng, Wenjun "Kevin"

    ISO/IEC JTC1/SC29/WG1 N1584 13 March 2000 ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 29/WG 1 (ITU-T SG8) Coding of Still Mailing List Contact: ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 29/WG 1 Convener - Dr. Daniel T. Lee Hewlett-Packard Company, 11000-mail: Daniel_Lee@hp.com 1 #12;ISO/IEC JTC1/SC29/WG1 N1584 13 March 2000 Core Experiment Description

  20. ISO/IEC JTC1/SC29/WG1 N1716 22 June 2000

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zeng, Wenjun "Kevin"

    ISO/IEC JTC1/SC29/WG1 N1716 22 June 2000 ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 29/WG 1 (ITU-T SG8) Coding of Still: For information only DISTRIBUTION: WG 1 Mailing List Contact: ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 29/WG 1 Convener - Dr. Daniel T 447 4160, Fax: +1 408 447 2842, E-mail: Daniel_Lee@hp.com 1 #12;ISO/IEC JTC1/SC29/WG1 N1716 22 June

  1. ISO/IEC JTC1/SC29/WG1 N1303 30 June 1999

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zeng, Wenjun "Kevin"

    ISO/IEC JTC1/SC29/WG1 N1303 30 June 1999 ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 29/WG 1 (ITU-T SG8) Coding of Still: ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 29/WG 1 Convener - Dr. Daniel T. Lee Hewlett-Packard Company, 11000 Wolfe Road, MS42U_Lee@hp.com 1 #12;ISO/IEC JTC1/SC29/WG1 N1303 30 June 1999 Core Experiment Description/Results Summary

  2. Iso-vector form factors of the delta and nucleon in QCD sum rules

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ozpineci, A. [Physics Department, Middle East Technical University, 06800 (Turkey)

    2012-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

    Form factors are important non-perturbative properties of hadrons. They give information about the internal structure of the hadrons. In this work, iso-vector axial-vector and iso-vector tensor form factors of the nucleon and the iso-vector axial-vector {Delta}{yields}N transition form factor calculations in QCD Sum Rules are presented.

  3. CODE QUALITY EVALUATION METHODOLOGY USING THE ISO/IEC 9126 STANDARD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tjortjis, Christos

    CODE QUALITY EVALUATION METHODOLOGY USING THE ISO/IEC 9126 STANDARD Yiannis Kanellopoulos1 , Panos of a software system, based on the standard ISO/IEC-9126. It uses elements automatically derived from source and source code attributes employed, even in terms of the ISO/IEC-9126 characteristics to be assessed. We

  4. Interpretation of Source Code Clusters in Terms of the ISO/IEC-9126 Maintainability Characteristics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tjortjis, Christos

    Interpretation of Source Code Clusters in Terms of the ISO/IEC-9126 Maintainability Characteristics of the entire system. In this paper, we propose a method for interpreting source code clusters using the ISO/IEC assessment of software systems in terms of the quality characteristics defined by ISO/IEC 9126. These methods

  5. Attacks On An ISO/IEC 11770-2 Key Establishment Protocol Zhaohui Cheng

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Attacks On An ISO/IEC 11770-2 Key Establishment Protocol Zhaohui Cheng and Richard Comley September) on a key establishment protocol (mechanism 12) standardised in ISO/IEC 11770-2 are described and two standardised as key establishment mechanism 12 in ISO/IEC 11770-2 [7] is vulnerable to a replay attack and also

  6. Employing Clustering for Assisting Source Code Maintainability Evaluation according to ISO/IEC-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tjortjis, Christos

    Employing Clustering for Assisting Source Code Maintainability Evaluation according to ISO/IEC according to the ISO/IEC-9126 quality standard. More specifically it proposes a methodology that combines maintenance activities [2], [14], [18]. According to ISO/IEC-9126, maintainability is the capability

  7. Attacks On An ISO/IEC 117702 Key Establishment Protocol Zhaohui Cheng # and Richard Comley

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Attacks On An ISO/IEC 11770­2 Key Establishment Protocol Zhaohui Cheng # and Richard Comley) on a key establishment protocol (mechanism 12) standardised in ISO/IEC 11770­2 are described and two standardised as key establishment mechanism 12 in ISO/IEC 11770­2 [7] is vulnerable to a replay attack and also

  8. Provably Repairing the ISO/IEC 9798 Standard for Entity Authentication

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Basin, David

    , or authentication of transmitted data [27,33]. The ISO (International Organization for Standardization) and IECProvably Repairing the ISO/IEC 9798 Standard for Entity Authentication David Basin, Cas Cremers the family of entity authentication protocols defined by the ISO/IEC 9798 standard and find numerous

  9. What it means to be ISO 9000 Certified. By Anthony Nurre, Yusuf Gunaman

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vardeman, Stephen B.

    contains guidelines for the other four standards. · ISO 9001 is intended for suppliers who do a lot. ISO has come up with 9001, 9002, 9003 etc. to cover different aspects of the business. Figure 1: BriefWhat it means to be ISO 9000 Certified. By Anthony Nurre, Yusuf Gunaman Dennis De-Almeida September

  10. Interactions between the tropical ISO and midlatitude low-frequency flow

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Tim

    Interactions between the tropical ISO and midlatitude low-frequency flow Lin-Lin Pan Æ Tim Li Abstract In this study, we investigate the interaction between the tropical Intraseasonal Oscillation (ISO study the role of the syn- optic eddy feedback in the midlatitude response to the tropical ISO forcing

  11. ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 29/WG 1 N 867 Date: June 27, 1998

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adams, Michael D.

    ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 29/WG 1 N 867 Date: June 27, 1998 ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 29/WG 1 (ITU­T SG8) Coding ACTION: Discussion DISTRIBUTION: July 1998 Meeting of WG1 Contact: ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 29/WG 1 Convener

  12. HIGH-THROUGHPUT CELL AND PARTICLE CHARACTERIZATION USING ISO-DIELECTRIC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Voldman, Joel

    HIGH-THROUGHPUT CELL AND PARTICLE CHARACTERIZATION USING ISO-DIELECTRIC SEPARATION Michael D. Vahey conductivity. Using a re- cently developed separation method - iso-dielectric separation (IDS) - we character for developing new screens. THEORY We recently developed a separa- tion method, called iso-dielectric sepa

  13. The Extreme Cold Anomaly over Southeast Asia in February 2008: Roles of ISO and ENSO*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Tim

    The Extreme Cold Anomaly over Southeast Asia in February 2008: Roles of ISO and ENSO* CHI 2008. The cause of the ECA, in particular the role of the intraseasonal oscillation (ISO) and El Nin for a month or so. The onset of the northerly anomaly is concurrent with a phase change of an ISO over Sumatra

  14. 5ISO BULLETIN MAY 2000 (1) For more information on the New Zealand

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    5ISO BULLETIN MAY 2000 SPOTLIGHT (1) For more information on the New Zealand forest industry, visit? Stan dards for forest prod ucts: B a r r i e r s ISO's International Standards, developed within various different ISO committees, help and influence the wood industry in a number of positive ways

  15. RFID MAC Performance Evaluation Based on ISO/IEC 18000-6 Type C

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roy, Sumit

    1 RFID MAC Performance Evaluation Based on ISO/IEC 18000-6 Type C You-Chang Ko, Sumit Roy, Joshua R latency and read efficiency as a function of link parameters defined in ISO/IEC 18000-6 Type C standard. I for Standard/the International Electrotechnical Commission (ISO/IEC) 18000-6 Type C (ISOC)[?] standard uses

  16. Kinetics of Loop Formation and Breakage in the Denatured State of Iso-1-cytochrome c

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roder, Heinrich

    Kinetics of Loop Formation and Breakage in the Denatured State of Iso-1-cytochrome c Eydiejo to measure the rates of histidine­heme loop formation and breakage in the denatured state of iso-1-cytochrome single surface histidine variants of iso-1-cytochrome c. A scaling factor (the dependence of kf on log

  17. Department of Bioengineering Spring 2011 ISO 80369-Compliant Design of Medical Device Connectors/Standards

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Demirel, Melik C.

    PENNSTATE Department of Bioengineering Spring 2011 ISO 80369- Compliant Design of Medical Device. These concepts may be presented for selection by the ISO 80369 development committee. Objectives Team MAKKD set will have competitive ideas to contribute for the ISO 80369 standard development #12;

  18. California ISO Glossary CAL I F O R N IA I S O

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California ISO Glossary CAL I F O R N IA I S O A watt is a measure of electricity. If you have 10 under less pressure for delivery through the straws. The ISO's job is to make sure that in the high; the ISO refers to utilities like PG&E as "load-serving entities" because that's what they do, they serve

  19. ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 29/WG 1 N 2415 Date: 2006-12-07

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adams, Michael D.

    ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 29/WG 1 N 2415 Date: 2006-12-07 ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 29/WG 1 (ITU-T SG 16) Coding STATUS: REQUESTED ACTION: None DISTRIBUTION: Public Contact: ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 29/WG 1 Convener

  20. ISMS-CORAS: A Structured Method for Establishing an ISO 27001 Compliant

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stølen, Ketil

    ISMS-CORAS: A Structured Method for Establishing an ISO 27001 Compliant Information Security to support the ISO 27001 information security standard. In this chapter we present ISMS-CORAS, which is an extension of the CORAS method for risk management that supports the ISO 27001 standard. ISMS-CORAS comes

  1. Adaptive hybrid mean and median filtering of high-ISO long-exposure sensor noise for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rabie, Tamer

    Adaptive hybrid mean and median filtering of high-ISO long-exposure sensor noise for digital for Standardization (ISO) and long- exposure settings. The problem lies in the fact that the algorithm must deal, namely blue-channel noise and JPEG blocking artifacts, common in high-ISO digital camera images. A third

  2. VROOM & cC: a Method to Build Safety Cases for ISO 26262-compliant Product Lines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    VROOM & cC: a Method to Build Safety Cases for ISO 26262-compliant Product Lines Barbara Gallina1.nyberg@scania.com Abstract. ISO 26262 is a functional safety standard that targets the automotive domain. This standard, to be ISO 26262-compliant, for each product of a product line, a company must provide almost from scratch

  3. MODEL-DRIVEN ENGINEERING FOR IMPLEMENTING THE ISO 19100 SERIES OF INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    MODEL-DRIVEN ENGINEERING FOR IMPLEMENTING THE ISO 19100 SERIES OF INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS CYRIL of the ISO 19100 series of standards with use of Model-Driven Engineering (MDE) techniques. We expose how MDE to use ISO 19109, 19110 and 19117 models in order to generate a rich client application. Our work takes

  4. Hierarchical Extraction of Iso-Surfaces with Semi-Regular Meshes Kai Hormann

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hormann, Kai

    Hierarchical Extraction of Iso-Surfaces with Semi-Regular Meshes Kai Hormann Ulf Labsik Martin and final result of our hierarchical iso-surface extraction algorithm. Abstract In this paper we present a novel approach to iso-surface extrac- tion which is based on a multiresolution volume data

  5. Process Assessment In Very Small Entities An ISO/IEC 29110 based method

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Québec, Université du

    Process Assessment In Very Small Entities An ISO/IEC 29110 based method Timo Varkoi Tampere entities I. INTRODUCTION A new standard, ISO/IEC 29110 Software Engineering -- Lifecycle Profiles for Very. ISO/IEC 29110 Guides (TR) Assessment Guide (TR 29110-3) Management and Engineering Guide (TR 29110

  6. Process Assessment Issues of the ISO/IEC 29110 emerging standard

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Québec, Université du

    Process Assessment Issues of the ISO/IEC 29110 emerging standard Vincent Ribaud LISyC, Université +33298016974 Philippe.Saliou@univ-brest.fr ABSTRACT The emerging ISO/IEC 29110 standard "Software Engineering - Lifecycle Profiles for Very Small Entities (VSE)" is an ISO initiative to provide Very Small Entities (VSE

  7. THE IMPACT OF NEW IONIZING FLUXES ON ISO OBSERVATIONS OF HII REGIONS AND STARBURSTS \\Lambda

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schaerer, Daniel

    1 THE IMPACT OF NEW IONIZING FLUXES ON ISO OBSERVATIONS OF HII REGIONS AND STARBURSTS \\Lambda on the IR lines are shown. First comparisons of our starburst models with IR­diagnostics and the ISO observations of Genzel et al. (1998) are also presented. Key words: HII regions, galaxies: starburst, ISO. 1

  8. IPI PAN, Varsaw, April 2007 Egide Polonium Workshop 1 Towards an ISO standard

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    IPI PAN, Varsaw, April 2007 Egide Polonium Workshop 1 Towards an ISO standard representation of the presentation ISO/TC 37 Data categories Terminological Markup Framework (TMF) Lexical Markup Framework (LMF · Same specifications for both small and large lexicons What are ISO standards for? #12;IPI PAN, Varsaw

  9. Certification des structures d'hospitalisation domicile VS certification ISO 9000

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Certification des structures d'hospitalisation à domicile VS certification ISO 9000 RYM BEN comparative entre la certification ISO 9000 (International Organisation for Standardization) et la certification des HAD. Il s'agit de comparer la certification ISO 9000 à celle des établissements de santé et

  10. Sweeping Simplices: A fast iso-surface extraction algorithm for unstructured grids

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frey, Pascal

    Sweeping Simplices: A fast iso-surface extraction algorithm for unstructured grids Han-Wei Shen of iso-surfaces from unstructured grids by avoid- ing the traversal of the entire set of cells in the vol algorithm can reduce the cell traversal time more than 90% over the naive iso- surface extraction algorithm

  11. Information Security Fortification by Ontological Mapping of the ISO/IEC 27001 Standard

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Information Security Fortification by Ontological Mapping of the ISO/IEC 27001 Standard Stefan Fenz an ontology-based framework to improve the preparation of ISO/IEC 27001 audits, and to strengthen the security elaborate on how ISO/IEC 27001 artifacts can be inte- grated into this ontology. A basic introduction

  12. ISO/IEC91263 internal quality measures: are they still useful?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Suryn, Witold

    ISO/IEC9126­3 internal quality measures: are they still useful? Witold Suryn Department of Software and relevance of internal quality measures presented and published in ISO/IEC 9126-3:2003 standard for software of ISO/IEC 9126-3 set of measures as well as to the existing quality model have been proposed. Key words

  13. MISO_Renewable_template

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't YourTransport(FactDepartment ofLetterEconomyDr. ErnestMID-CAREER RETIREMENT

  14. ISO(4,1) symmetry in the EFT of inflation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Creminelli, Paolo [Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics, Strada Costiera 11, 34151, Trieste (Italy); Emami, Razieh [School of Physics, Institute for Research in Fundamental Sciences (IPM), P. O. Box 19395-5531, Teheran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Simonovi?, Marko; Trevisan, Gabriele, E-mail: creminel@ictp.it, E-mail: emami@mail.ipm.ir, E-mail: msimonov@sissa.it, E-mail: gtrevi@sissa.it [Scuola Internazionale Superiore di Studi Avanzati (SISSA), via Bonomea 265, 34136, Trieste (Italy)

    2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In DBI inflation the cubic action is a particular linear combination of the two, otherwise independent, cubic operators ?-dot {sup 3} and ?-dot (?{sub i}?){sup 2}. We show that in the Effective Field Theory (EFT) of inflation this is a consequence of an approximate 5D Poincar and apos;e symmetry, ISO(4,1), non-linearly realized by the Goldstone ?. This symmetry uniquely fixes, at lowest order in derivatives, all correlation functions in terms of the speed of sound c{sub s}. In the limit c{sub s} ? 1, the ISO(4,1) symmetry reduces to the Galilean symmetry acting on ?. On the other hand, we point out that the non-linear realization of SO(4,2), the isometry group of 5D AdS space, does not fix the cubic action in terms of c{sub s}.

  15. ISO(4,1) Symmetry in the EFT of Inflation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paolo Creminelli; Razieh Emami; Marko Simonovi?; Gabriele Trevisan

    2014-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

    In DBI inflation the cubic action is a particular linear combination of the two, otherwise independent, cubic operators \\dot \\pi^3 and \\dot \\pi (\\partial_i \\pi)^2. We show that in the Effective Field Theory (EFT) of inflation this is a consequence of an approximate 5D Poincar\\'e symmetry, ISO(4,1), non-linearly realized by the Goldstone \\pi. This symmetry uniquely fixes, at lowest order in derivatives, all correlation functions in terms of the speed of sound c_s. In the limit c_s \\to 1, the ISO(4,1) symmetry reduces to the Galilean symmetry acting on \\pi. On the other hand, we point out that the non-linear realization of SO(4,2), the isometry group of 5D AdS space, does not fix the cubic action in terms of c_s.

  16. Iso-spectral potential and inflationary quantum cosmology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Garcia; W. Guzman; M. Sabido; J. Socorro

    2006-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

    Using the factorization approach of quantum mechanics, we obtain a family of isospectral scalar potentials for power law inflationary cosmology. The construction is based on a scattering Wheeler-DeWitt solution. These iso-spectrals have new features, they give a mechanism to end inflation, as well as the possibility to have new inflationary epochs. The procedure can be extended to other cosmological models.

  17. The Unidentified InfraRed Features after ISO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    E. Peeters; L. J. Allamandola; D. M. Hudgins; S. Hony; A. G. G. M. Tielens

    2003-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

    The Infrared Space Observatory (ISO) has provided the first complete mid-IR spectra for a wide range of objects. Almost all of these spectra are dominated by the well-known infrared emission features at 3.3, 6.2, 7.7, and 11.2 $\\mu$m, the so-called Unidentified Infra-Red (UIR) features. Besides the major features, there is an array of minor features and broad plateaux stretching from 3 to 20 $\\mu$m which reveal subtle details of conditions in the emission zones and properties of the carriers. Generally attributed to the vibrational relaxation of UV-pumped Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon molecules (PAHs) containing some 50--100 C-atoms, these UIR spectra are a treasure trove of information. The ISO spectra have, for the first time, allowed a systematic analysis of the spectral characteristics of the UIR features in a wide variety of environments. The peak positions, profiles, and relative strengths of the major features vary from source to source and spatially within sources. These specific profiles are not unique to certain object types but can occur within each individual source. Here, we review ISO and recent ground-based observations and assess some of their implications.

  18. Practices and Processes of Leading High Performance Home Builders in the Upper Midwest

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Von Thoma, E.; Ojczyk, C.

    2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The NorthernSTAR Building America Partnership team proposed this study to gain insight into the business, sales, and construction processes of successful high performance builders. The knowledge gained by understanding the high performance strategies used by individual builders, as well as the process each followed to move from traditional builder to high performance builder, will be beneficial in proposing more in-depth research to yield specific action items to assist the industry at large transform to high performance new home construction. This investigation identified the best practices of three successful high performance builders in the upper Midwest. In-depth field analysis of the performance levels of their homes, their business models, and their strategies for market acceptance were explored. All three builders commonly seek ENERGY STAR certification on their homes and implement strategies that would allow them to meet the requirements for the Building America Builders Challenge program. Their desire for continuous improvement, willingness to seek outside assistance, and ambition to be leaders in their field are common themes. Problem solving to overcome challenges was accepted as part of doing business. It was concluded that crossing the gap from code-based building to high performance based building was a natural evolution for these leading builders.

  19. ISO 9001 : 2000 and the Baldrige criteria for performance excellence - a comparison.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Willette, Gail L.; Richards, Robert Ray

    2004-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Sandia National Laboratories Nuclear Weapons Strategic Management Unit (NWSMU) is pursuing performance excellence, by focusing on compliance with the ISO 9001:2000 standard for quality management systems. The NWSMU also intends to achieve ISO Certification and eventually reach levels of performance excellence that are consistent with those of Malcolm Baldrige National Quality Award winners. In that context, this report documents a study undertaken to answer these questions: {sm_bullet} Would achieving ISO 9001:2000 compliance or certification help an organization prepare to achieve Baldrige-level performance excellence? {sm_bullet} Would pursuing Baldrige-based performance excellence help an organization achieve ISO certification? {sm_bullet} What are the areas where the Baldrige and ISO systems are most closely aligned? The study produced answers to those questions, as well as a number of comparisons and contrasts between the ISO standard and the Baldrige criteria.

  20. ISO 14000 information platform. Quarterly report, January 1--March 31, 1998

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1998-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    GETE, through its ISO 14000 Information Platform, globeNet{trademark} (www.iso14000.net), seeks to provide FETC and the US Department of Energy (DOE) with a timely, accurate, and reliable information resource on the issue of environmental management standards. This resource allows FETC to keep track of the latest developments in the ISO 14000 arena, in DOE as well as throughout the federal complex and industry. Utilizing this information, FETC and DOE can make critical decisions on their own use and implementation of the ISO 14000 standards. The information platform also provides FETC with a forum to present information on its activities, such as the DOE ISO 14000 Pilot Projects, and as an information gathering and dissemination resource for its publications. GETE works with an array of national and international contacts and content sources to gather information and provide daily updates on ISO 14000 and related environmental management issues.

  1. Communication - An Effective Tool for Implementing ISO 14001/EMS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rachel Damewood; Bowen Huntsman

    2004-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL) received ISO 14001/EMS certification in June 2002. Communication played an effective role in implementing ISO 14001/EMS at the INEEL. This paper describes communication strategies used during the implementation and certification processes. The INEEL achieved Integrated Safety Management System (ISMS) and Voluntary Protection Program (VPP) Star status in 2001. ISMS implemented a formal process to plan and execute work. VPP facilitated worker involvement by establishing geographic units at various facilities with employee points of contact and management champions. The INEEL Environmental Management System (EMS) was developed to integrate the environmental functional area into its ISMS and VPP. Since the core functions of ISMS, VPP, and EMS are interchangeable, they were easy to integrate. Communication is essential to successfully implement an EMS. (According to ISO 14001 requirements, communication interacts with 12 other elements of the requirements.) We developed communication strategies that integrated ISMS, VPP, and EMS. For example, the ISMS, VPP, and EMS Web sites communicated messages to the work force, such as “VPP emphasizes the people side of doing business, ISMS emphasizes the system side of doing business, and EMS emphasizes the systems to protect the environment; but they all define work, identify and analyze hazards, and mitigate the hazards.” As a result of this integration, the work force supported and implemented the EMS. In addition, the INEEL established a cross-functional communication team to assist with implementing the EMS. The team included members from the Training and Communication organizations, VPP office, Pollution Prevention, Employee and Media Relations, a union representative, facility environmental support, and EMS staff. This crossfunctional team used various communication strategies to promote our EMS to all organization levels and successfully implemented EMS activities through VPP geographic units. In summary, the ISMS and VPP process at the INEEL provided the basic framework of management support and worker involvement to implement our EMS. A cross-functional communication team was established to facilitate the implementation with great success. Communication has been an effective tool for implementing an ISO 14001/EMS at the INEEL.

  2. Medium-distant clusters of galaxies seen by ISO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    L. Lemonon; M. Pierre; C. J. Cesarsky; D. Elbaz; L. Vigroux

    1998-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a comprehensive study of ISO cluster galaxies in connection with other wavelengths. First results show that infrared galaxies detected by ISOCAM concentrate on the edge of clusters. Surprisingly, they are not emission lines galaxies but very luminous elliptical, merging or interacting ones, which suggests non-trivial connections between star formation rate, optical and mid-IR properties. However, no correlation has been found between the MIR/optical star formation properties of the galaxies, so that the exact origin of the IR emission remains unclear.

  3. DOE Promotion of ISO 50001 | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYouTube YouTube Note: Since the YouTube| Department of Energy81stEnforcement Effort with 202,Department ofSite |ISO

  4. Property:Iso3166Alpha2 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon »ApplDsc Jump to:Iso3166Alpha2 Jump

  5. Property:EIA/861/IsoCa | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation,PillarPublicationType JumpDOEInvolve JumpallowedAltFuelVehicle Jump to:IsoCa Jump

  6. Property:EIA/861/IsoErcot | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation,PillarPublicationType JumpDOEInvolve JumpallowedAltFuelVehicle Jump to:IsoCa

  7. Property:EIA/861/IsoNy | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation,PillarPublicationType JumpDOEInvolve JumpallowedAltFuelVehicle JumpIsoNy Jump to:

  8. Property:EIA/861/IsoOther | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation,PillarPublicationType JumpDOEInvolve JumpallowedAltFuelVehicle JumpIsoNy Jump

  9. ISO 50001 Conformant Energy Management Systems | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYouTube YouTube Note: Since the.pdfBreaking of BlytheDepartment of Energy IRS Issues New Tax CreditISO 50001

  10. ISO 50001 Frequently Asked Questions | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYouTube YouTube Note: Since the.pdfBreaking of BlytheDepartment of Energy IRS Issues New Tax CreditISO

  11. Journal of Electronic Materials, Vol. 17, No. 5, 1988 Effect of Iso-Electronic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Woodall, Jerry M.

    Journal of Electronic Materials, Vol. 17, No. 5, 1988 Effect of Iso-Electronic GaAs Dopants that addition of either one of these two iso-electronic dopants has a similar effect on the solid stoichiometry it is also shown that the addition of the iso-electronic dopants A1 or P to GaAs would not result in the same

  12. ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 29/WG1 N2233 July 19, 2001

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Salvaggio, Carl

    ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 29/WG1 N2233 July 19, 2001 TITLE: An Overview of the JPEG2000 Still Image Contact: ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 29/WG 1 Convener ­ Dr. Daniel T. Lee Yahoo! 3420 Central Expressway, Santa Clara, California 95051, USA Tel: +1 408 992 7051, Fax: +1 253 830 0372, E-mail: dlee@yahoo-inc.com ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC

  13. ISO/IEC JTC1/SC29/WG1 N1452 24 Nov 1999

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zeng, Wenjun "Kevin"

    ISO/IEC JTC1/SC29/WG1 N1452 24 Nov 1999 ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 29/WG 1 (ITU-T SG8) Coding of Still as an option in WD, Part II DISTRIBUTION: WG 1 Mailing List Contact: ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 29/WG 1 Convener - Dr 408 447 4160, Fax: +1 408 447 2842, E-mail: Daniel_Lee@hp.com 1 #12;ISO/IEC JTC1/SC29/WG1 N1452 24 Nov

  14. Lessons Learned: Guidance based on Early Experiences of Implementing ISO 5001 and SEP

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Monaghan, P. F.

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    they manufacture and to prove it…” o Target 15% savings over 3 years – SEP Platinum – 16.4% achieved • 2014 – ISO 13485 – quality for medical devices o Decision to use Enerit software for all ISO systems. ESL-IE-14-05-25 Proceedings of the Thrity...Lessons Learned: Guidance based on Early Experiences of Implementing ISO 50001 & SEP Paul F Monaghan PhD, CEO Enerit – the ISO 50001/SEP software company ESL-IE-14-05-25 Proceedings of the Thrity-Sixth Industrial Energy Technology Conference New...

  15. Baryonic Dark Matter: Limits from HST and ISO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gerard Gilmore; IoA Cambridge; UK

    1998-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Recent HST and ISO observations provide very severe limits on any compact baryonic contributions to galactic (dark) halos. When combined with Milky Way Galaxy microlensing results, almost the entire plausible range of massive compact baryonic objects is excluded by direct observation. Deep direct imaging at 7mu and 15mu with ISOCAM on the ISO spacecraft directly excludes hydrogen-burning stars of any mass above the hydrogen-burning limit, and of any chemical abundance, from being the predominant explanation of the dark halos of external spiral galaxies. In the Milky Way Galaxy, HST has provided luminosity functions to the hydrogen-burning limit in several globular clusters. The resulting mass functions do not provide any support for dominance by very low-mass stars. This is consistent with field surveys for sub-stellar mass brown dwarfs, which show such objects to be relatively rare. These results are complemented by very deep HST luminosity functions in the Large Magellanic Cloud, providing strong support for the (near)-universality of the stellar mass function. Very recent HST results are available for the nearby dSph galaxy UMi. This galaxy, the most dark-matter dominated object known on kpc scales, has a normal stellar mass function at low masses. The prospects are bright for dark elementary particles.

  16. Modelling ISO Galaxy Counts with Luminosity and Merger Rate Evolution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nathan Roche; Steve Eales

    1998-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

    We model galaxy evolution in the 6.75 and 15 micron passbands of the ISO satellite, by combining models of galaxy evolution at optical wavelengths (which are consistent with the optical galaxy counts) with observed spectral energy distributions in the infra-red. Our model is consistent with the local 12 micron galaxy luminosity, if 3.5 per cent of spirals at z=0 are in interacting pairs with mid-infra-red luminosities enhanced by major starbursts. Source counts from deep ISO surveys exceed non-evolving predictions but are more consistent with our evolving model. The steep number count of 6.75 micron sources appears to be explained primarily by evolving early-type galaxies, whereas at 15 microns the main contributors are star-forming spirals and starbursting interacting/merging galaxies. The 31 per cent of 15 micron sources which are visibly interacting galaxies have high mid-infra-red/optical flux ratios indicating major starbursts combined with dust extinction. The numbers and high mean redshift of these sources suggest the merger-starbursts are increasing in luminosity with redshift, approximately as (1+z)^2, in addition to undergoing (1+z)^2 number evolution reflecting the optically observed increase with redshift in the fraction of interacting galaxies.

  17. The Galactic center interstellar medium as seen by ISO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    N. J. Rodriguez-Fernandez; J. Martin-Pintado

    2004-02-09T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper deals with the heating and the ionization of the interstellar medium (ISM) in the 500 central pc of the Milky Way (hereafter Galactic center, GC). We review the results of the Infrared Space Observatory (ISO) observations of a sample of GC molecular clouds located far from thermal radiocontinuum or far-infrared sources. For the first time, we have been able to study in detail the dust continuum spectra from 40 to 190 microns founding a warm (30-40 K) dust component in addition to the well known 15-20 K component. Fine-structure lines observations have revealed the presence of diffuse ionized gas associated with the molecular clouds. The effective temperature of the ionizing radiation is higher than 33000 K. ISO has also allow us to measure the fraction of warm (~ 150 K) H2 in the GC clouds, which is on average of 30 %. The observations of the warm (a few 100 K) neutral gas are compatible with a Photon Dominated Region (PDR) scenario.

  18. Fuel ethanol produced from U.S. Midwest corn : help or hindrance to the vision of Kyoto?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang, M.; Saricks, C.; Wu, M.; Energy Systems

    1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this study, we examined the role of corn-feedstock ethanol in reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, given present and near-future technology and practice for corn farming and ethanol production. We analyzed the full-fuel-cycle GHG effects of corn-based ethanol using updated information on corn operations in the upper Midwest and existing ethanol production technologies. Information was obtained from representatives of the U.S. Department of Agriculture, faculty of midwestern universities with expertise in corn production and animal feed, and acknowledged authorities in the field of ethanol plant engineering, design, and operations. Cases examined included use of E85 (85% ethanol and 15% gasoline by volume) and E10 (10% ethanol and 90% gasoline). Among key findings is that Midwest-produced ethanol outperforms conventional (current) and reformulated (future) gasoline with respect to energy use and GHG emissions (on a mass emission per travel mile basis). The superiority of the energy and GHG results is well outside the range of model noise. An important facet of this work has been conducting sensitivity analyses. These analyses let us rank the factors in the corn-to-ethanol cycle that are most important for limiting GHG generation. These rankings could help ensure that efforts to reduce that generation are targeted more effectively.

  19. Stacking Effects on Local Structure in RNA: Changes in the Structure of Tandem GA Pairs when Flanking GC Pairs Are Replaced by isoG-isoC Pairs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Gang

    /14, Poland ReceiVed: December 19, 2006; In Final Form: February 19, 2007 The Watson-Crick-like isoG-isoC (i in the symmetric contexts (CGAG)2 with a loop free energy of -0.7 kcal/mol1,3,8 and (UGAA)2 with a loop free energy in the symmetric context (GGAC)2 with a loop free energy of -2.5 kcal/mol.1,4,9 These results suggest that base

  20. ISO's Work on Tactile and Haptic Interaction Guidelines Jan B.F. van Erp 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carter, Jim

    ISO's Work on Tactile and Haptic Interaction Guidelines Jan B.F. van Erp 1 Jim Carter 2 Ian Andrew on the guidelines document, including an introduction of the framework that will be used to structure the guidance from 40 research papers and from 10 ISO standards. Keywords: haptic, tactile, guidelines, standards. 1

  1. ISO/IEC JTC1/SC 18/WG 9 N1651en Date: 13 December 1996

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kuhn, Markus

    NORMALISATION INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATION FOR STANDARDIZATION CEI (IEC) COMMISSION �LECTROTECHNIQUE'un clavier ou d'autres unités d'entrée #12; Foreword ISO (the International Organization for Standardization.57.00.00.00.00 Status Final text of the international standard Reference SC18/WG9 N1644, Disposition of comments on ISO

  2. Provably Repairing the ISO/IEC 9798 Standard for Entity Authentication

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Basin, David

    (International Organization for Standardization) and IEC (Interna- tional Electrotechnical Commission) jointlyProvably Repairing the ISO/IEC 9798 Standard for Entity Authentication David Basin, Cas Cremers the family of entity authentication proto- cols defined by the ISO/IEC 9798 standard and find numerous

  3. The 1999 Midwest Symposium on Circuits and Systems, New Mexico State University, Aug. 1999 Random-Process Formulation of Computationally Efficient

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vanderbei, Robert J.

    The 1999 Midwest Symposium on Circuits and Systems, New Mexico State University, Aug. 1999 Random formulation of design con- straints in such an optimization setting and illustrates the concepts through dimensions of an approach developed earlier for the design of FIR digital filters in one dimension [4

  4. ISO observations of spirals: modelling the FIR emission

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simone Bianchi; Paul B. Alton; Jonathan I. Davies

    1999-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ISO observations at 200 micron have modified our view of the dust component in spiral galaxies. For a sample of seven resolved spirals we have retrieved a mean temperature of 20K, about 10K lower than previous estimates based on IRAS data at shorter wavelengths. Because of the steep dependence of far-infrared emission on the dust temperature, the dust masses inferred from ISO fluxes are a factor of 10 higher than those derived from IRAS data only, leading to gas-to-dust ratios close to the value observed in the Galaxy. The scale-length of the 200 micron emission is larger than for the IRAS 100 micron emission, with colder dust at larger distances from the galactic centre, as expected if the interstellar radiation field is the main source of dust heating. The 200 micron scale-length is also larger than the optical, for all the galaxies in the sample. This suggests that the dust distribution is more extended than that of the stars.A model of the dust heating is needed to derive the parameters of the dust distribution from the FIR emission. Therefore, we have adapted an existing radiative transfer code to deal with dust emission. Simulated maps of the temperature distribution within the dust disk and of the dust emission at any wavelength can be produced. The stellar spectral energy distribution is derived from observations in the ultraviolet, optical and near infrared. The parameters of the dust distribution (scale-lengths and optical depth) are chosen to reproduce the observed characteristics of the FIR emission, i.e. the shape of the spectrum, the flux and the spatial distribution. We describe the application of the model to one of the galaxies in the sample, NGC 6946.

  5. Let T be a locally finite rooted tree and Iso(T) be the group of all isometries of T.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ivanov, Aleksander

    Let T be a locally finite rooted tree and Iso(T) be the group of all isometries of T. Iso(T) is profinite with respect to canonical n: Iso(T) Iso(Tn ) , n, where Tn consists of the first n levels. #12| . PGL2 (p ) fixes the vertex p x p . 3. Branch groups. A closed subgroup GIso(T) is a branch (weakly

  6. PRE-STUDY COMMENTS OF IOWA UTILITIES BOARD ON DOE 2012 ELECTRIC...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    should be considered in the DOE study. There are two utilities in Iowa that own transmission lines - MidAmerican, and ITC Midwest LLC (ITCM). MISO has operational control of...

  7. Abstract: During power deregulation, power companies are releasing their transmission grids to form ISOs/RTOs while

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to form ISOs/RTOs while maintaining their own state estimators over their own areas. A recent trend for these ISOs/RTOs is to further combine and enlarge to become a bigger Mega-RTO grid for a better market the whole state; in our algorithm, the existing state estimators in local companies/ISOs/RTOs are fully

  8. International Snow Science Workshop Grenoble Chamonix Mont-Blanc -2013 Impressions from Applying ISO 31000 to an Avalanche Mitigation Project

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jamieson, Bruce

    ISO 31000 to an Avalanche Mitigation Project Bruce Jamieson1 and Alan Jones2 1 Dept. of Civil ABSTRACT: ISO 31000 is an international standard for risk management. It offers standard risk con- cepts, terminology and processes for diverse organizations and their component departments. ISO 31000 defines risk

  9. Observed Synoptic-Scale Variability during the Developing Phase of an ISO over the Indian Ocean during MISMO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Richard H.

    Observed Synoptic-Scale Variability during the Developing Phase of an ISO over the Indian Ocean A case study of an intraseasonal oscillation (ISO) is investigated in the period leading up to its for a convectively active phase of the ISO. The prominent shallow heating during this period may explain the rather

  10. EXPERIMENTAL AND MODELING STUDY OF THE AUTOIGNITION OF 1-HEXENE / ISO-OCTANE MIXTURES AT LOW TEMPERATURE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    EXPERIMENTAL AND MODELING STUDY OF THE AUTOIGNITION OF 1-HEXENE / ISO-OCTANE MIXTURES AT LOW, France Full-length article Shortened running title : AUTOIGNITION OF 1-HEXENE / ISO-OCTANE MIXTURES * E compression from 630 to 840 K, pressures from 8 to 14 bar, = 1 and for a iso-octane/1-hexene mixture

  11. The analysis and evaluation of ISO/IEC91263 internal quality measures applicability: state-of-the-art 2006

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Suryn, Witold

    The analysis and evaluation of ISO/IEC9126­3 internal quality measures applicability: state in ISO/IEC 9126-3:2003 standard for software quality measurement and evaluation. As a result, the recommendations for modifications to the current set of ISO/IEC 9126-3 set of measures as well as to the existing

  12. Reliability Assessment Commitment Process (RAC) A. Introduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCalley, James D.

    to enable the Midwest ISO to commit additional supply if needed to meet the system load forecast and reserve such responsibilities to each of the Balancing Area Operators, for the following reasons: The need to commit additional by the Midwest ISO on a system-wide basis throughout the Midwest ISO Region, rather than on a Balancing Area

  13. EXPERIENCE WITH IMPLEMENTING SIMULTANEOUS CO-OPTIMIZATION IN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCalley, James D.

    EXPERIENCE WITH IMPLEMENTING SIMULTANEOUS CO-OPTIMIZATION IN THE MIDWEST ISO ENERGY AND OPERATING RESERVE MARKETS Matthew H. Tackett, P.E. Midwest ISO The Midwest ISO will operate a Day-Ahead Energy and Operating Market, a Reliability Assessment Commitment process and a Real-Time Energy and Operating Reserve

  14. Global Energy Partners, LLC 500 Ygnacio Valley Road, Suite 450

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    FOR MIDWEST ISO Draft Report #1314 July 2010 #12;#12;Global Energy Partners, LLC iii DISCLAIMER OF WARRANTIES Response and Energy Efficiency Potential for Midwest ISO, Global Energy Partners, LLC. Walnut Creek, CA 2010. Report Number 1314. #12;#12;Global Energy Partners, LLC v EXECUTIVE SUMMARY The Midwest ISO

  15. ISO 9000 and its effects on the coal industry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vardys, R.K.

    1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    It is asserted that organizations that do not implement a formal quality program by the year 2000 will not survive. The ISO 9000 quality management standards provide the model for many companies that have determined a quality program is vital not only for their survival, but their growth, in an increasingly competitive business environment. The U.S. coal industry has been hit hard with utility de-regulation and global competition. More emphasis is being placed on bold cost savings measures by utilities and coal producers alike. These measures range from subcontracting analytical work to subcontracting power plant maintenance. Unfortunately, quality management systems are still seen as an expense instead of a cost saving measure and are not being addressed by those who most desperately need quality management systems. What must be understood is that through the implementation of a quality management program, companies can recover costs that were previously accepted as unrecoverable. Prevention costs (documentation, internal auditing, training, management review, etc.) will increase slightly, due to an increased emphasis on a quality management system, but, a net savings is realized through a decrease in failure costs, e.g., waste, scrap, meetings to discuss failures/place blame, worry, re-work, client loss, client doubt, etc.

  16. ISO/GUM UNCERTAINTIES AND CIAAW (UNCERTAINTY TREATMENT FOR RECOMMENDED ATOMIC WEIGHTS AND ISOTOPIC ABUNDANCES)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    HOLDEN,N.E.

    2007-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

    The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) has published a Guide to the expression of Uncertainty in Measurement (GUM). The IUPAC Commission on Isotopic Abundance and Atomic Weight (CIAAW) began attaching uncertainty limits to their recommended values about forty years ago. CIAAW's method for determining and assigning uncertainties has evolved over time. We trace this evolution to their present method and their effort to incorporate the basic ISO/GUM procedures into evaluations of these uncertainties. We discuss some dilemma the CIAAW faces in their present method and whether it is consistent with the application of the ISO/GUM rules. We discuss the attempt to incorporate variations in measured isotope ratios, due to natural fractionation, into the ISO/GUM system. We make some observations about the inconsistent treatment in the incorporation of natural variations into recommended data and uncertainties. A recommendation for expressing atomic weight values using a tabulated range of values for various chemical elements is discussed.

  17. MinISO: A Minimal Independent System Operator Pravin Varaiya and Felix Wu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    a hindrance to structural reform. By separating those functions, MinISO maxi- mizes consumer choice savings and economic growth through a broad range of structural reform of the elec- tric utility industry

  18. ISO 50001 versus Superior Energy Performance: Making Sense of Each for your Situation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilless, D.; Goldstein, D.; Skees-Gregory, D.; Brown, K.; Holmes, L.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of the ISO 50001 energy management system standard. In addition, our teams have worked with the SEP pilots, and have directly supported and interacted with industrial energy managers as they have applied these tools to their facilities. This paper...

  19. ISO-SWS calibration and the accurate modelling of cool-star atmospheres - II. General results

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    L. Decin; B. Vandenbussche; C. Waelkens; K. Eriksson; B. Gustafsson; B. Plez; A. J. Sauval; K. Hinkle

    2002-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

    The fine calibration of the ISO-SWS detectors (Infrared Space Observatory - Short Wavelength Spectrometer) has proven to be a delicate problem. We therefore present a detailed spectroscopic study in the 2.38 -- 12 micron wavelength range of a sample of 16 A0 -- M2 stars used for the calibration of ISO-SWS. By investigating the discrepancies between the ISO-SWS data of these sources, the theoretical predictions of their spectra, the high-resolution FTS-KP (Kitt Peak) spectrum of Alpha Boo and the solar FTS-ATMOS (Atmospheric Trace Molecule Spectroscopy) spectrum, both calibration problems and problems in computing the theoretical models and the synthetic spectra are revealed. The underlying reasons for these problems are sought for and the impact on the further calibration of ISO-SWS and on the theoretical modelling is discussed extensively.

  20. The European Large Area ISO Survey - ISOPHOT results using the MPIA-pipeline

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    C. Surace; P. Heraudeau; D. Lemke; S. Oliver; M. Rowan-Robinson; the ELAIS consortium

    1998-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

    The European Large Area ISO Survey (ELAIS) will provide Infrared observations of 4 regions in the sky with ISO. Around 2000 Infrared sources have been detected at 7 and 15 microns (with ISOCAM), 90 and 175 microns (with ISOPHOT)) over 13 square degrees of the sky. We present the source extraction pipeline of the 90 microns ISOPHOT observations, describe and discuss the results obtained and derive the limits of the ELAIS observational strategy.

  1. Is the $ISO(2,1)$ Gauge Gravity equivalent to the Metric Formulation?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jin-Ho Cho; Hyuk-jae Lee

    1996-08-21T23:59:59.000Z

    The quantization of the gravitational Chern-Simons coefficient is investigated in the framework of $ISO(2,1)$ gauge gravity. Some paradoxes involved are cured. The resolution is largely based on the inequivalence of $ISO(2,1)$ gauge gravity and the metric formulation. Both the Lorentzian scheme and the Euclidean scheme lead to the coefficient quantization, which means that the induced spin is not quite exotic in this context.

  2. Multi-Use List for the provision of goods and services for the Australian Bureau of Meteorology for AS/NZS ISO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greenslade, Diana

    for AS/NZS ISO 9001 Quality Management System Training and Professional Services. Reference Number: MUL

  3. 34 ISO Management Systems July-August 2004 I N T E R N A T I O N A L

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Suryn, Witold

    :2004, Software engineering ­ Guidelines for the application of ISO 9001: 2000 to computer software, is a new ISO to implement the highly successful ISO 9001:2000 process approach in a software environment. The publication/TC 176, disagreed with the structure of ISO 9001:1987 because it did not reflect a software life cycle

  4. THE SPECTRUM OF COMET HALEBOPP AS SEEN BY ISO \\Lambda J. Crovisier 1 , K. Leech 2 , D. Bockel'eeMorvan 1 , E. Lellouch 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Demoulin, Pascal

    1 THE SPECTRUM OF COMET HALE­BOPP AS SEEN BY ISO \\Lambda J. Crovisier 1 , K. Leech 2 , D. Bockel Observatoire de Paris­Meudon, F­92195 Meudon, France 2 ISO Science Operations Centre, Astrophysics Division; C/1995 O1 (Hale­Bopp); dust; ISO; molecules; spectroscopy. \\Lambda Based on observations with ISO

  5. Spectroscopic and computational studies of matrix-isolated iso-CHBr{sub 3}: Structure, properties, and photochemistry of iso-bromoform

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    George, Lisa; Kalume, Aimable; Wagner, James; Reid, Scott A. [Department of Chemistry, Marquette University, Milwaukee, Wisconsin 53233 (United States); Esselman, Brian J.; McMahon, Robert J. [Department of Chemistry, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin 53706 (United States)

    2011-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Iso-polyhalomethanes are known reactive intermediates that play a pivotal role in the photochemistry of halomethanes in condensed phases. In this work, iso-bromoform (iso-CHBr{sub 3}) and its deuterated isotopomer were characterized by matrix isolation infrared and UV/visible spectroscopy, supported by ab initio and density functional theory calculations, to further probe the structure, spectroscopy, and photochemistry of this important intermediate. Selected wavelength laser irradiation of CHBr{sub 3} isolated in Ar or Ne matrices at {approx}5 K yielded iso-CHBr{sub 3}; the observed infrared and UV/visible absorptions are in excellent agreement with computational predictions, and the energies of various stationary points on the CHBr{sub 3} potential energy surface were characterized computationally using high-level methods in combination with correlation consistent basis sets. These calculations show that, while the corresponding minima lie {approx}200 kJ/mol above the global CHBr{sub 3} minimum, the isomer is bound by some 60 kJ/mol in the gas phase with respect to the CHBr{sub 2}+ Br asymptote. The photochemistry of iso-CHBr{sub 3} was investigated by selected wavelength laser irradiation into the intense S{sub 0}{yields} S{sub 3} transition, which resulted in back photoisomerization to CHBr{sub 3}. Intrinsic reaction coordinate calculations confirmed the existence of a first-order saddle point connecting the two isomers, which lies energetically below the threshold of the radical channel. Subsequently, natural bond orbital analysis and natural resonance theory were used to characterize the important resonance structures of the isomer and related stationary points, which demonstrate that the isomerization transition state represents a crossover from dominantly covalent to dominantly ionic bonding. In condensed phases, the ion-pair dominated isomerization transition state structure is preferentially stabilized, so that the barrier to isomerization is lowered.

  6. ANSI X3H297010 ISO/IEC JTC1/SC21/WG3 DBL MAD245

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Snodgrass, Richard T.

    ANSI X3H2­97­010 ISO/IEC JTC1/SC21/WG3 DBL MAD­245 I S O INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATION. Planned UK Contributions to SQL/Temporal, December, 1996. (ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 21/WG 3 DBL MAD­221). [3] Melton, J. (ed.) SQL/Temporal. July, 1996. (ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 21/WG 3 DBL­MCI­012.) [4] Snodgrass, R. T

  7. ANSI X3H2-97-010 ISO IEC JTC1 SC21 WG3 DBL MAD-245

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Snodgrass, Richard T.

    ANSI X3H2-97-010 ISO IEC JTC1 SC21 WG3 DBL MAD-245 I S O INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATION Contributions to SQL Temporal, December, 1996. ISO IEC JTC 1 SC 21 WG 3 DBL MAD-221. 3 Melton, J. ed. SQL Temporal. July, 1996. ISO IEC JTC 1 SC 21 WG 3 DBL-MCI-012. 4 Snodgrass, R. T., M. H. Bohlen, C. S. Jensen

  8. Tsien_Supplementary Figure 1 ISO(min) 0 0 1.5 1.5 5 5

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tsien, Roger Y.

    Tsien_Supplementary Figure 1 ISO(min) 0 0 1.5 1.5 5 5 0 1000 2000 3000 4000 5000 Insulin 1000 1200 0.95 1.00 1.05 1.10 1.15 1.20 1.25 Normalizedemissionratio Time (sec) ISO control Insulin CREB phosphorylation. #12;-120 0 120 240 360 480 1.00 1.02 1.04 1.06 1.08 +Ht31p ISO

  9. The Autoignition of iso-Cetane: Shock Tube Experiments and Kinetic Modeling

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Oehlschlaeger, M A; Steinberg, J; Westbrook, C K; Pitz, W J

    2009-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

    Iso-cetane (2,2,4,4,6,8,8-heptamethylnonane, C{sub 16}H{sub 34}) is a highly branched alkane reference compound for determining cetane ratings. It is also a candidate branched alkane representative in surrogate mixtures for diesel and jet fuels. Here new experiments and kinetic modeling results are presented for the autoignition of iso-cetane at elevated temperatures and pressures relevant to combustion in internal combustion engines. Ignition delay time measurements were made in reflected shock experiments in a heated shock tube for {Phi} = 0.5 and 1.0 iso-cetane/air mixtures at temperatures ranging from 953 to 1347 K and pressures from 8 to 47 atm. Ignition delay times were measured using electronically excited OH emission, monitored through the shock tube end wall, and piezoelectric pressure transducer measurements, made at side wall locations. A new kinetic mechanism for the description of the oxidation of iso-cetane is presented that is developed based on a previous mechanism for iso-octane. Computed results from the mechanism are found in good agreement with the experimental measurements. To our knowledge, the ignition time measurements and detailed kinetic mechanism for isocetane presented here are the first of their kind.

  10. Quality Management and Job Quality: How the ISO 9001 Standard forQuality Management Systems Affects Employees and Employers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levine, David I.; Toffel, Michael W.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of IS0 9000 quality management systems on manufacturing.Standard for Quality Management Systems Affects Employeeshow the ISO 9001 Quality Management System standard affects

  11. The center of lateral iso-density contours for inclined cosmic air showers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Montanus, J M C

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The lateral density of a cosmic air shower with a non-zero zenith angle is azimuthally asymmetric. The azimuthal asymmetry consist of a stretching of the iso-density contours to ellipses and to a shift of the center of the elliptic contours with respect to the core of the shower. The aim of the paper is to investigate the shift of the center of the elliptic iso-density contours for different zenith angles . On the basis of a model a qualitative equation is derived for the iso-density contours of inclined showers including the shift. to obtain a quantitative equation MC densities are investigated. The shift can be incorporated in an analytic expression of the azimuthal asymmetry of the lateral density as a function of the polar coordinates and parameterized by the zenith angle. Its predictions for asymmetric lateral densities are compared with densities obtained with MC simulations.

  12. Bound Energy Masses of Mesons Containing the Fourth Generation and Iso-singlet Quarks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sameer M. Ikhdair; Ramazan Sever

    2005-07-18T23:59:59.000Z

    The fourth Standard Model (SM) family quarks and weak iso-singlet quarks The fourth Standard Model (SM) family quarks and weak iso-singlet quarks predicted by ${\\rm E}_{6\\text{}}$ GUT are considered. The spin-average of the pseudoscalar $\\eta_{4}(n^{1}S_{0})$ and vector $\\psi_{4}(n^{3}S_{1})$ quarkonium binding masses of the new mesons formed by the fourth Standard Model (SM) family and iso-singlet ${\\rm E}_{6\\text{}}$ with their mixings to ordinary quarks are investigated. Further, the fine and hyperfine mass splittings of the these states are also calculated. We solved the Schr\\"{o}dinger equation with logarithmic and Martin potentials using the Shifted large-${\\rm N}$ expansion technique. Our results are compared with other models to gauge the reliability of the predictions and point out differences.

  13. Application of Surface Analysis Methods to Nanomaterials: Summaryof ISO/TC 201 Technical Report: ISO 14187:2011 -Surface Chemical Analysis- Characterization of Nanomaterials

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Baer, Donald R.

    2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ISO Technical Report (TR) 14187 provides an introduction to (and examples of) the information that can be obtained about nanostructured materials using surface-analysis tools. In addition, both general issues and challenges associated with characterising nanostructured materials and the specific opportunities and challenges associated with individual analytical methods are identified. As the size of objects or components of materials approaches a few nanometres, the distinctions among 'bulk', 'surface' and 'particle' analysis blur. This Technical Report focuses on issues specifically relevant to surface chemical analysis of nanostructured materials. The report considers a variety of analysis methods but focuses on techniques that are in the domain of ISO/TC 201 including Auger electron spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, secondary ion mass spectrometry, and scanning probe microscopy. Measurements of nanoparticle surface properties such as surface potential that are often made in a solution are not discussed.

  14. Prediction of Regulation Reserve Requirements in California ISO Control Area based on BAAL Standard

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Etingov, Pavel V.; Makarov, Yuri V.; Samaan, Nader A.; Ma, Jian; Loutan, Clyde

    2013-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper presents new methodologies developed at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) to estimate regulation capacity requirements in the California ISO control area. Two approaches have been developed: (1) an approach based on statistical analysis of actual historical area control error (ACE) and regulation data, and (2) an approach based on balancing authority ACE limit control performance standard. The approaches predict regulation reserve requirements on a day-ahead basis including upward and downward requirements, for each operating hour of a day. California ISO data has been used to test the performance of the proposed algorithms. Results show that software tool allows saving up to 30% on the regulation procurements cost .

  15. A comparison of ISO 14001 to other related environmental management systems and tools

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    White, S.E.; Byron, D.F.; Livingston, B.L.

    1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Efficient environmental management is of increasing priority for the industrial sector. The achievement of ISO 14001 certification will demonstrate that the environmental management system meets or exceeds industry standards since this standard will be the accepted international measure of environmental management. A review of published environmental management systems and tools was conducted to ensure all aspects of environmental management are covered in the establishment or formalization of an environmental management system. The objective of this effort is to compare the ISO 14001 standard with other environmental management systems and tools.

  16. Initial and Continuous Commissioning of Building Automation and Control Systems (BACS) -Preview EN ISO 16484-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kranz, H. R.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Forst 0 04 91 72/ 2 92 60 21 hans@kranz.com INITIAL AND CONTINUOUS COMMISSIONING OF BUILDING AUTOMATION AND CONTROL SYSTEMS (BACS) - PREVIEW EN ISO 16484 - Did you ever think about: ?why are our buildings so dumb?? The simple answer might be... it is realized that the initial and a continuous commissioning of building services is required ? the BACS is an important tool for performing that. The only globally accepted standard for BAC-Systems (BACS) is the EN ISO 16484 with its several parts. Part 2...

  17. Observation of the first iso-spin Charmonium-like State $Z_c(4020)$ }

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ji, Qing-Ping; Guo, Ai-Qiang; Yu, Chun-Xu; Wang, Zhi-Yong

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper, we present a new experimental progress in brief on the recent observation of the charged charmonium-like state Z_c(4020)^{+/-} states and its iso-spin partner Z_c(4020)^{0} in pi pi hc process at the BESIII experiment. The charged Z_{c}(4020) is its decay into \\pi^{+/-} hc final state, and carries electric charge, thus it contains at least four quarks. The observation of both charge and neutral state makes Z_{c}(4020) the first iso-spin triplet Z_{c} state observed in experiment.

  18. Observation of the first iso-spin Charmonium-like State $Z_c(4020)$ }

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qing-Ping Ji; Yu-Ping Guo; Ai-Qiang Guo; Chun-Xu Yu; Zhi-Yong Wang

    2015-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper, we present a new experimental progress in brief on the recent observation of the charged charmonium-like state Z_c(4020)^{+/-} states and its iso-spin partner Z_c(4020)^{0} in pi pi hc process at the BESIII experiment. The charged Z_{c}(4020) is its decay into \\pi^{+/-} hc final state, and carries electric charge, thus it contains at least four quarks. The observation of both charge and neutral state makes Z_{c}(4020) the first iso-spin triplet Z_{c} state observed in experiment.

  19. Development Of Sustainable Biobased Products And Bioenergy In Cooperation With The Midwest Consortium For Sustainable Biobased Products And Energy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Michael Ladisch; Randy Woodson

    2009-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

    Collaborative efforts of Midwest Consortium have been put forth to add value to distiller's grains by further processing them into fermentable sugars, ethanol, and a protein rich co-product consistent with a pathway to a biorenewables industry (Schell et al, 2008). These studies were recently published in the enclosed special edition (Volume 99, Issue 12) of Bioresource Technology journal. Part of them have demonstrated the utilization of distillers grains as additional feedstock for increased ethanol production in the current dry grind process (Kim et al., 2008a, b; Dien et al.,2008, Ladisch et al., 2008a, b). Results showed that both liquid hot water (LHW) pretreatment and ammonia fiber expansion (AFEX) were effective for enhancing digestibility of distiller's grains. Enzymatic digestion of distiller's grains resulted in more than 90% glucose yield under standard assay conditions, although the yield tends to drop as the concentration of dry solids increases. Simulated process mass balances estimated that hydrolysis and fermentation of distillers grains can increase the ethanol yield by 14% in the current dry milling process (Kim et al., 2008c). Resulting co-products from the modified process are richer in protein and oil contents than conventional distiller's grains, as determined both experimentally and computationally. Other research topics in the special edition include water solubilization of DDGS by transesterification reaction with phosphite esters (Oshel el al., 2008) to improve reactivity of the DDGS to enzymes, hydrolysis of soluble oligomers derived from DDGS using functionalized mesoporous solid catalysts (Bootsma et al., 2008), and ABE (acetone, butanol, ethanol) production from DDGS by solventogenic Clostridia (Ezeji and Blaschek, 2008). Economic analysis of a modified dry milling process, where the fiber and residual starch is extracted and fermented to produce more ethanol from the distillers grains while producing highly concentrated protein co-product, has shown that the process is economically viable resulting in an increase in net present value (Perkis et al., 2008). According to the study, the revenue is expected to increase further with improved amino acid profile of the protein rich co-products and lower cost of cellulase enzyme mixture. Also, Kim and Dale (2008) discuss using life cycle analysis to enhance the environmental performance of the corn based ethanol. On the second phase of the research, concerted efforts were directed on assessing compositional variability of dry milling co-products collected from 4 different dry grind ethanol plants has been measured and its effect on enzymatic digestibility and fermentability. Fermentation utilized a recombinant glucose/xylose co-fermenting yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae 424A (LNH-ST)). No significant compositional variability among the samples was found. Simultaneous saccharification and glucose/xylose co-fermentation of the pretreated distillers grains at solids and cellulase loadings of 150 g dry solids per liter and 6.4 mg protein per g dry substrate, respectively, yielded 74-801% of theoretical maximum ethanol concentration using recombinant Saccharomyces cerevisiae 424A (LNH-ST). The paper summarizing the results from the second phase of the Midwest Consortium is currently submitted to Bioresource Technology journal. The copy of the paper submitted is enclosed.

  20. Reference number of working document: ISO/IEC JTC1/SC22/WG20 N??? Date: 1999-06-11

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kuhn, Markus

    30 ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) and IEC (the International31'information -- Document type: International standard Document subtype: if applicable Document stage: (40) Enquiry Document that are members of ISO or IEC participate in the development of33 International Standards through technical

  1. Diffusion and Catalytic Cracking of 1,3,5 Tri-iso-propyl-benzene in FCC Catalysts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Khattaf, Sulaiman

    1 Diffusion and Catalytic Cracking of 1,3,5 Tri-iso- propyl-benzene in FCC Catalysts S.Al-Khattaf1 describes catalytic cracking experiments developed in a novel CREC Riser Simulator using 1,3,5-Tri-iso

  2. The role of the ISO in U.S. electricity markets: A review of restructuring in California and PJM

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cameron, L. [Economics Resource Group, Boston, MA (United States)] [Economics Resource Group, Boston, MA (United States); Cramton, P. [Univ. of Maryland, College Park, MD (United States)] [Univ. of Maryland, College Park, MD (United States)

    1999-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Despite their design differences, both the California and the Pennsylvania-New Jersey-Maryland (PJM) markets provide explicit roles for competition in the scheduling functions while allowing the independent system operator (ISO) to manage the spot market. Experience has shown that both can work. This article discusses the California and PJM approaches in an attempt to shed light on the controversy over the ISO`s role in pre-dispatch phases of the market. Section 1 describes the California market and Section 2 briefly review PJM. Section 3 outlines the costs and benefits associated with limiting the ISO`s role in the scheduling phases of the market. Section 4 summarizes recent experience in California and PJM and offers some conclusions.

  3. ISO9000 BASED ADVANCED QUALITY APPROACH FOR CONTINUOUS IMPROVEMENT OF MANUFACTURING PROCESSES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    improvement, Modelling 1. INTRODUCTION The importance of Total Quality Management TQM has been considerably in order to advance towards total quality. Advance can be developed on different levelsISO9000 BASED ADVANCED QUALITY APPROACH FOR CONTINUOUS IMPROVEMENT OF MANUFACTURING PROCESSES DEEB

  4. ISO and US Standards for Thermal Cutting and Joint Preparation (U)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kautz, D. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Hochanadel, P. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2012-07-02T23:59:59.000Z

    The summary of this presentation is: (1) There is a lot of shared space between AWS and ISO documents; (2) Several areas use the same specifications and standards, especially true in process materials; and (3) Equipment is one area with very little overlap.

  5. ESDIS_ISO Trng_Nov2010.docx Management System Training

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Christian, Eric

    Quality Manual and supporting directives and procedures identify the Management System (MS) process: MS was formerly called QMS, Quality Management System) Management System Training Requirement: AllESDIS_ISO Trng_Nov2010.docx Management System Training ESDIS Project (November 2010) The Goddard

  6. Network learning effects of ISO 22000 standard implementation in a food SME: a case study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Network learning effects of ISO 22000 standard implementation in a food SME: a case study Zam to a specific food SME case in order to test it and to identify the key network learning effects that occur will be especially targeted towards the strengthening of learning processes and effects between the SME

  7. ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 29/WG 1 N 2412 Date: 2013-07-21

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adams, Michael D.

    , a new international standard for still image com- pression, is discussed at length. A high/WG 1), a collaborative effort between the In- ternational Organization for Standardization (ISO: The JPEG-2000 Still Image Compression Standard (Last Revised: 2013-07-21) SOURCE: Michael D. Adams Dept

  8. ISO launches a project committee to develop an International Standard for energy management

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    American National Standards Institute (ANSI) approved the formation of a U.S. Technical Advisory Group (US TAG) to the ISO Project Committee 242. The TAG is a mechanism for identifying issues and developing national consensus regarding energy management. Read this announcement for more details about the group's charge and how to participate.

  9. ISO 50001 versus Superior Energy Performance: Making Sense of Each for your Situation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilless, D.; Goldstein, D.; Skees-Gregory, D.; Brown, K.; Holmes, L.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    in the ISO 50001 energy management system international standard as well as in the ISOrelated, US Department of Energy-developed Superior Energy Performance (SEP) program. For the past several years, EnerNOC, NRDC and SES have contributed to the creation...

  10. GPU ACCELERATION OF THE ISO–7 NUCLEAR REACTION NETWORK USING OPENCL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Holladay, Daniel 1989-

    2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    is where the parallel computation would prove useful. The partic- ular reaction network analyzed is called the iso–7 reaction network that looks at the dynamics of 7 of the more dominant nuclides in supernovae. The computational per- formance was compared...

  11. Neutrino emissivity and bulk viscosity of iso-CSL quark matter in neutron stars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    David B. Blaschke; Jens Berdermann

    2007-10-27T23:59:59.000Z

    We present results for neutrino emissivities and bulk viscosities of a two-flavor color superconducting quark matter phase with isotropic color-spin-locked (iso-CSL) single-flavor pairing which fulfill the constraints on quark matter derived from cooling and rotational evolution of compact stars. We compare with results for the phenomenologically successful, but yet heuristic 2SC+X phase.

  12. Charge Transfer Between Neutral Atoms and Highly Ionized Species: Implications for ISO Observations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. J. Ferland; K. T. Korista; D. A. Verner; A. Dalgarno

    1997-03-17T23:59:59.000Z

    We estimate rate coefficients for charge transfer between neutral hydrogen and helium and moderate to highly ionized heavy elements. Although charge transfer does not have much influence on hot collisionally ionized plasmas, its effects on photoionized plasmas can be profound. We present several photoionization models which illustrate the significant effect of charge transfer on the far infrared lines detected by ISO.

  13. New rest wavelength determinations for 7 mid-infrared fine structure lines by ISO-SWS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    H. Feuchtgruber; D. Lutz; D. A. Beintema

    2001-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Observations of the planetary nebulae NGC6302, NGC6543 and NGC7027 by the Short Wavelength Spectrometer (SWS) on board the Infrared Space Observatory (ISO) have been used to determine rest wavelengths of spectral lines. We report on improved accuracies for wavelengths of 7 mid-infrared ionic fine structure lines.

  14. Killing spinors, the adS black hole and I(ISO(2,1)) gravity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R. B. Mann; G. Papadopoulos

    1996-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

    We construct a supersymmetric extension of the $I\\big(ISO(2,1)\\big)$ Chern-Simons gravity and show that certain particle-like solutions and the adS black-hole solution of this theory are supersymmetric.

  15. D_{s0}^+(2317) as an iso-triplet four-quark meson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kunihiko Terasaki

    2006-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

    Although assigning D_{s0}^+(2317) to the I_3=0 component of iso-triplet four-quark mesons is favored by experiments, its neutral and doubly charged partners have not yet been observed. It is discussed why they were not observed in inclusive e^+e^- annihilation experiments and that they can be observed in B decays.

  16. Impact of ANSI X9.24-1:2009 Key Check Value on ISO/IEC 9797-1:2011 MACs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Impact of ANSI X9.24-1:2009 Key Check Value on ISO/IEC 9797-1:2011 MACs Tetsu Iwata1 and Lei Wang2 of the zero block, and is assumed to be publicly known data for verification. ISO/IEC 9797-1:2011 illustrates check value with the ISO/IEC 9797-1 MACs. Keywords: ANSI X9.24-1:2009, key check value, ISO/IEC 9797

  17. (A2LA Cert. No. 2937.01) Revised 11/27/2013 Page 1 of 1 SCOPE OF ACCREDITATION TO ISO/IEC 17025:2005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farritor, Shane

    (A2LA Cert. No. 2937.01) Revised 11/27/2013 Page 1 of 1 SCOPE OF ACCREDITATION TO ISO/IEC 17025 of Mechanical Testing This laboratory is accredited in accordance with the recognized International Standard ISO management system (refer to joint ISO-ILAC-IAF Communiqué dated 8 January 2009). Presented this 26th day

  18. Folding Control and Unfolding Free Energy of Yeast Iso-1-cytochrome c Bound to Layered Zirconium Phosphate Materials Monitored by Surface Plasmon Resonance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zare, Richard N.

    Folding Control and Unfolding Free Energy of Yeast Iso-1-cytochrome c Bound to Layered Zirconium, 2008 The free energy change (G°) for the unfolding of immobilized yeast iso-1-cytochrome c (Cyt c G° for protein unfolding, with good precision. For example, G° for the unfolding of yeast iso-1

  19. Towards an ISO standard for dialogue act annotation Harry Bunt*, Jan Alexandersson, Jean Carletta, Jae-Woong Choe, Alex Chengyu Fang,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Towards an ISO standard for dialogue act annotation Harry Bunt*, Jan Alexandersson, Jean Carletta University, The Netherlands harry.bunt@uvt.nl Abstract This paper describes an ISO project developing to what was said and done earlier in the dialogue. The project, registered as ISO 24617-2 Semantic

  20. Uzawa conjugate gradient method for the Stokes problem: Matlab implementation with P1-iso-P2/P1 finite element

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frey, Pascal

    Uzawa conjugate gradient method for the Stokes problem: Matlab implementation with P1-iso-P2/P1 implementation of the Uzawa Conjugate gradient algorithm for the generalized Stokes problem with a P1-iso-P2/P1 for the generalized Stokes problem using the P1-iso-P2/P1 finite element. The Uzawa scheme is a decomposition

  1. JOURNAL OF INFORMATION SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING 24, 1771-1785 (2008) A New Seed-Set Finding Approach for Iso-Surface Extraction*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Hsin-Min

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Approach for Iso-Surface Extraction* CHUAN-KAI YANG AND CHIANG-HAN HUNG Department of Information Management National Taiwan University of Science and Technology Taipei, 106 Taiwan Iso-surface extraction is one of the most important approaches for volume rendering, and iso-contouring is one of the most

  2. Effets de l'addition d'iso-acides la ration sur la fermentation ruminale, la dgradation in sacco de la matire sche et

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Effets de l'addition d'iso-acides à la ration sur la fermentation ruminale, la dégradation in sacco disappearance and did not influence blood parameters. Introduction - Les iso-acides auraient un rôle bénéfique quelquefois suggé- rée (Andries et al, 1987). Nous avons testé les effets d'un supplément d'iso- acides sur la

  3. One-way coupling of an integrated assessment model and a water resources model: evaluation and implications of future changes over the US Midwest

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Voisin, Nathalie; Liu, Lu; Hejazi, Mohamad I.; Tesfa, Teklu K.; Li, Hongyi; Huang, Maoyi; Liu, Ying; Leung, Lai-Yung R.

    2013-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

    An integrated model is being developed to advance our understanding of the interactions between human activities, terrestrial system and water cycle, and how system interactions will be affected by a changing climate at the regional scale. As a first step towards that goal, a global integrated assessment model including a waterdemand model is coupled offline with a land surface hydrology – routing – water resources management model. A spatial and temporal disaggregation approach is developed to project the annual regional water demand simulations into a daily time step and subbasin representation. The model demonstrated reasonable ability to represent the historical flow regulation and water supply over the Midwest (Missouri, Upper Mississippi and Ohio). Implications for the future flow regulation, water supply and supply deficit are investigated using a climate change projection with the B1 emission scenario which affects both natural flow and water demand. Over the Midwest, changes in flow regulation are mostly driven by the change in natural flow due to the limited storage capacity over the Ohio and Upper Mississippi river basins. The changes in flow and demand have a combined effect on the Missouri Summer regulated flow. The supply deficit tends to be driven by the change in flow over the region. Spatial analysis demonstrates the relationship between the supply deficit and the change in demand over urban areas not along a main river or with limited storage, and over areas upstream of groundwater dependent fields with therefore overestimated demand.

  4. Summary of ISO/TC 201 Standard: ISO 29081: 2010, Surface Chemical Analysis - Auger Electron Spectroscopy - Reporting of Methods Used for Charge Control and Charge Correction

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Baer, Donald R.

    2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This international standard specifies the minimum amount of information required for describing the methods of charge control in measurements of Auger electron transitions from insulating specimens by electron-stimulated Auger electron spectroscopy to be reported with the analytical results. Information is provided in an Annex on methods that have been found useful for charge control prior to or during AES analysis. The Annex also includes a summary table of methods or approaches, ordered by simplicity of approach. A similar international standard has been published for x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (ISO 19318: 2003(E), Surface chemical analysis - X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy - Reporting of methods used for charge control and charge correction).

  5. Net Interchange Schedule Forecasting of Electric Power Exchange for RTO/ISOs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ferryman, Thomas A.; Haglin, David J.; Vlachopoulou, Maria; Yin, Jian; Shen, Chao; Tuffner, Francis K.; Lin, Guang; Zhou, Ning; Tong, Jianzhong

    2012-07-26T23:59:59.000Z

    Neighboring independent system operators (ISOs) exchange electric power to enable efficient and reliable operation of the grid. Net interchange (NI) schedule is the sum of the transactions (in MW) between an ISO and its neighbors. Effective forecasting of the amount of actual NI can improve grid operation efficiency. This paper presents results of a preliminary investigation into various methods of prediction that may result in improved prediction accuracy. The methods studied are linear regression, forward regression, stepwise regression, and support vector machine (SVM) regression. The work to date is not yet conclusive. The hope is to explore the effectiveness of other prediction methods and apply all methods to at least one new data set. This should enable more confidence in the conclusions.

  6. From ISO to Spitzer: a new view of the AGB-PN transition phase

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    P. Garcia-Lario; J. V. Perea Calderon

    2005-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a novel classification scheme for stars evolving in the transition phase between the Asymptotic Giant Branch (AGB) to the Planetary Nebula (PN) stage based on the results obtained with ISO-SWS. With the better sensitivity and higher spatial resolution of Spitzer this analysis can now be extended to a larger number of sources located in the Galactic Bulge, in the Magellanic Clouds and in other Galaxies of the Local Group, offering an excellent opportunity to study the validity of the proposed scheme in environments which are free of the distance scale bias that hinder the observations made with ISO on galactic sources located at uncertain distances. The new observations will be used to test the current evolutionary models which predict the dredge-up of processed material to the surface of low- and intermediate-mass stars as a function of the progenitor mass and of the metallicity.

  7. On the ionizing continuum in active galactic nuclei: clues from ISO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Almudena Prieto; Sueli M. Viegas

    1999-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The ISO coronal line spectrum of the brightest Seyfert galaxies from the CfA sample is presented and modeled. ISO observations of [O IV] 25.9 $\\mu$, [Ne V] 14.3 $\\mu$, [Mg VIII] 3.02 $\\mu$ and [Si IX] 2.58 $\\mu$ lines are presented; their relationship with the soft part of the ionizing spectrum from 50 to 300 eV is investigated. Pure photoionization models reproduce the line ratios, setting ranges for the ionization parameter and the optical depth of the emitting clouds. On the basis of the available data alone it is not possible to distinguish between a power-law or a blackbody distribution as the intrinsic shape of the UV ionizing spectrum. However, for the brightest Seyferts analyzed, namely, NGC 1068, Circinus and NGC 4151, a black-body UV continuum is favored.

  8. Circumstellar Disks Around Pre-Main-Sequence Stars: What ISO Can Tell Us

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Natta; M. R. Meyer; S. V. W. Beckwith

    1997-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

    ISO observations will improve our understanding of disks around low-mass pre-main-sequence stars in various ways. In particular, ISO can measure simultaneously spectral energy distributions and low-resolution spectra from 2 to 12 \\um of T Tauri stars with greater sensitivity, greater spectral coverage and finer spectral resolution than available in ground-based observations or with IRAS. We illustrate the importance of such observations for our understanding of the disk structure and heating mechanisms, the disk evolution (in particular the formation of gaps caused by the presence of companion stars or large planets) and dissipation using preliminary results from PHOT and PHOT-S for T Tauri stars in the Chamaeleon cloud.

  9. Detection of a branched alkyl molecule in the interstellar medium: iso-propyl cyanide

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Belloche, Arnaud; Müller, Holger S P; Menten, Karl M

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The largest non-cyclic molecules detected in the interstellar medium (ISM) are organic with a straight-chain carbon backbone. We report an interstellar detection of a branched alkyl molecule, iso-propyl cyanide (i-C3H7CN), with an abundance 0.4 times that of its straight-chain structural isomer. This detection suggests that branched carbon-chain molecules may be generally abundant in the ISM. Our astrochemical model indicates that both isomers are produced within or upon dust grain ice mantles through the addition of molecular radicals, albeit via differing reaction pathways. The production of iso-propyl cyanide appears to require the addition of a functional group to a non-terminal carbon in the chain. Its detection therefore bodes well for the presence in the ISM of amino acids, for which such side-chain structure is a key characteristic.

  10. The European Large Area ISO Survey VIII: 90-micron final analysis and source counts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ph. Heraudeau; S. Oliver; C. del Burgo; C. Kiss; M. Stickel; T. Mueller; M. Rowan-Robinson; A. Efstathiou; C. Surace; L. V. Toth; S. Serjeant; D. M. Alexander; A. Franceschini; D. Lemke; I. Perez-Fournon; T. Morel; J-L. Puget; D. Rigopoulou; B. Rocca-Volmerange; A. Verma

    2004-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a re--analysis of the European Large Area ISO Survey (ELAIS) 90mum observations carried out with ISOPHOT, an instrument on board the ESA's Infrared Space Observatory (ISO). With more than 12 sq. deg., the ELAIS survey is the largest area covered by ISO in a single program and is about one order of magnitude deeper than the IRAS 100mum survey. The data analysis is presented and was mainly performed with the Phot Interactive Analysis software but using the pairwise method of Stickel et al. (2003) for signal processing from ERD (Edited Raw Data) to SCP (Signal per Chopper Plateau). The ELAIS 90mum catalogue contains 229 reliable sources with fluxes larger than 70 mJy and is available at www.blackwell-synergy.com. Number counts are presented and show an excess above the no-evolution model prediction. This confirms the strong evolution detected at shorter(15mum) and longer (170mum) wavelengths in other ISO surveys. The ELAIS counts are in agreement with previous works at 90mum and in particular with the deeper counts extracted from the Lockman hole observations. Comparison with recent evolutionary models show that the models of Franceschini et al. and Guiderdoni et al. which includes a heavily-extinguished population of galaxies give the best fit to the data. Deeper observations are nevertheless required to better discriminate between the model predictions in the far-infrared and are scheduled with the Spitzer Space Telescope which already started operating and will also be performed by ASTRO-F.

  11. Uncertainty-based Estimation of the Secure Range for ISO New England Dynamic Interchange Adjustment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Etingov, Pavel V.; Makarov, Yuri V.; Wu, Di; Hou, Zhangshuan; Sun, Yannan; Maslennikov, S.; Luo, Xiaochuan; Zheng, T.; George, S.; Knowland, T.; Litvinov, E.; Weaver, S.; Sanchez, E.

    2014-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

    The paper proposes an approach to estimate the secure range for dynamic interchange adjustment, which assists system operators in scheduling the interchange with neighboring control areas. Uncertainties associated with various sources are incorporated. The proposed method is implemented in the dynamic interchange adjustment (DINA) tool developed by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) for ISO New England. Simulation results are used to validate the effectiveness of the proposed method.

  12. Coal quality control in the context of international standards ISO 9000-2000

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Freidina, E.V.; Botvinnik, A.A.; Dvornikova, A.N. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Novosibirsk (Russian Federation). Institute of Mining

    2008-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The paper sets forth scientific foundations and organizational-technical environment offered by ISO 9000 standards that are oriented to product quality management and, thus, product quality planning. The authors describe the results of coal product quality planning with using the QFD methodology, present a model of coal quality control through the coal product life cycle and mining technologies. It is proposed to evaluate the quality management efficiency by the coefficient of concordance between the product quality and consumer's demands.

  13. The first ISO ERO: a dusty quasar at z = 1.5

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Pierre; C. Lidman; R. Hunstead; D. Alloin; M. Casali; C. Cesarsky; P. Chanial; P. -A. Duc D. Fadda; H. Flores; S. Madden; L. Vigroux

    2001-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

    We report the discovery of an extremely red object (ERO) in a medium-deep ISOCAM extragalactic survey. The object is also a radio source. Subsequent VLT NIR spectroscopy revealed a prominent Halpha line giving a redshift of 1.5. We present the spectrum and photometric data points and discuss evidence that ISO J1324-2016 is a quasar harbouring a significant amount of very hot dust.

  14. ISO-SWS calibration and the accurate modelling of cool-star atmospheres: I. Method

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    L. Decin; C. Waelkens; K. Eriksson; B. Gustafsson; B. Plez; A. J. Sauval; W. Van Assche; B. Vandenbussche

    2000-08-21T23:59:59.000Z

    A detailed spectroscopic study of the ISO-SWS data of the red giant Alpha Tau is presented, which enables not only the accurate determination of the stellar parameters of Alpha Tau, but also serves as a critical review of the ISO-SWS calibration. This study is situated in a broader context of an iterative process in which both accurate observations of stellar templates and cool star atmosphere models are involved to improve the ISO-SWS calibration process as well as the theoretical modelling of stellar atmospheres. Therefore a sample of cool stars, covering the whole A0 -- M8 spectral classification, has been observed in order to disentangle calibration problems and problems in generating the theoretical models and corresponding synthetic spectrum. By using stellar parameters found in the literature large discrepancies were seen between the ISO-SWS data and the generated synthetic spectrum of Alpha Tau. A study of the influence of various stellar parameters on the theoretical models and synthetic spectra, in conjunction with the Kolmogorov-Smirnov test to evaluate objectively the goodness-of-fit, enables us to pin down the stellar parameters with a high accuracy: Teff = 3850 +/- 70 K, log g = 1.50 +/- 0.15, M = 2.3 +/- 0.8 Msun, z = -0.15 +/- 0.20 dex, microturbulence = 1.7 +/- 0.3 km/s, 12C/13C= 10 +/- 1, abundance of C = 8.35 +/- 0.20 dex, abundance of N= 8.35 +/- 0.25 dex, abundance of O = 8.83 +/- 0.15 dex and the angular diameter is 20.77 +/- 0.83 mas. These atmospheric parameters were then compared with the results provided by other authors using other methods and/or spectra.

  15. ISO far-infrared observations of rich galaxy clusters II. Sersic 159-03

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    L. Hansen; H. E. Jorgensen; H. U. Norgaard-Nielsen; K. Pedersen; P. Goudfrooij; M. J. D. Linden-Vornle

    2000-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

    The far-infrared emission from rich galaxy clusters is investigated. Maps have been obtained by ISO at 60, 100, 135, and 200 microns using the PHT-C camera. Ground based imaging and spectroscopy were also acquired. Here we present the results for the cooling flow cluster Sersic 159-03. An infrared source coincident with the dominant cD galaxy is found. Some off-center sources are also present, but without any obvious counterparts.

  16. Ignition properties of n-butane and iso-butane in a rapid compression machine

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gersen, S.; Darmeveil, J.H. [Gasunie Engineering and Technology, P.O. Box 19, 9700 MA Groningen (Netherlands); Mokhov, A.V. [Laboratory for Fuel and Combustion Science, University of Groningen, Nijenborgh 4, 9747 AG Groningen (Netherlands); Levinsky, H.B. [Gasunie Engineering and Technology, P.O. Box 19, 9700 MA Groningen (Netherlands); Laboratory for Fuel and Combustion Science, University of Groningen, Nijenborgh 4, 9747 AG Groningen (Netherlands)

    2010-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Autoignition delay times of n-butane and iso-butane have been measured in a Rapid Compression Machine in the temperature range 660-1010 K, at pressures varying from 14 to 36 bar and at equivalence ratios {phi} = 1.0 and {phi} = 0.5. Both butane isomers exhibit a negative-temperature-coefficient (NTC) region and, at low temperatures, two-stage ignition. At temperatures below {proportional_to}900 K, the delay times for iso-butane are longer than those for the normal isomer, while above this temperature both butanes give essentially the same results. At temperatures above {proportional_to}720 K the delay times of the lean mixtures are twice those for stoichiometric compositions; at T < 720 K, the equivalence ratio is seen to have little influence on the ignition behavior. Increasing the pressure from 15 bar to 30 bar decreases the amplitude of the NTC region, and reduces the ignition delay time for both isomers by roughly a factor of 3. In the region in which two-stage ignition is observed, 680-825 K, the duration of the first ignition stage decreases sharply in the range 680-770 K, but is essentially flat above 770 K. Good quantitative agreement is found between the measurements and calculations for n-butane using a comprehensive model for butane ignition, including both delay times in the two-stage region, with substantial differences being observed for iso-butane, particularly in the NTC region. (author)

  17. The ISO-2MASS AGN survey: On the type-1 sources

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    C. Leipski; M. Haas; H. Meusinger; R. Siebenmorgen; R. Chini; C. M. Scheyda; M. Albrecht; B. J. Wilkes; J. P. Huchra; S. Ott; C. Cesarsky; R. Cutri

    2005-07-13T23:59:59.000Z

    We combined the ISOCAM Parallel Mode Survey at 6.7 micron (LW2 filter) with the Two Micron All Sky Survey in order to obtain a powerful tool to search for AGN independent of dust extinction. Using moderate colour criteria H-K>0.5 and K-LW2>2.7 we have selected a sample of 77 AGN candidates in an effective area of about 10 square degrees. By means of optical spectroscopy we find 24 (30%) type-1 QSOs at redshifts 0.10.8. About one third of the ISO-2MASS QSOs show so red optical colours, that they are missed in optical and UV AGN surveys like SDSS, 2DF, or HES. With a surface density of about 2 deg^(-2) down to RISO-2MASS QSOs outnumber the 1.35 deg^(-2) of the SDSS quasar survey by 50%; we find a combined optical-IR QSO surface density of 2.7 deg^(-2). Since only two of the ISO-2MASS QSOs have also J-K>2, the inclusion of the ISO mid-infrared photometry significantly extends the capabilities of the pure 2MASS red AGN survey. We suggest that the newly found red AGN resemble young members of the quasar population, and that quasars spend much of their lifetime in a dust enshrouded phase.

  18. The $E_{\\rm p}$ - $E_{\\rm iso}$ relation and the internal shock model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mochkovitch, R

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The validity of the $E_{\\rm p}$ - $E_{\\rm iso}$ correlation in gamma-ray bursts and the possibility of explaining the prompt emission with internal shocks are highly debated questions. We study whether the $E_{\\rm p}$ - $E_{\\rm iso}$ correlation can be reproduced if internal shocks are indeed responsible for the prompt emission, or conversely, if the correlation can be used to constrain the internal shock scenario. We developed a toy model where internal shocks are limited to the collision of only two shells. Synthetic burst populations were constructed for various distributions of the model parameters, such as the injected power in the relativistic outflow, the average Lorentz factor, and its typical contrast between the shells. These parameters can be independent or linked by various relations. Synthetic $E_{\\rm p}$ - $E_{\\rm iso}$ diagrams are obtained in the different cases and compared with the observed correlation. The reference observed correlation is the one defined by the BAT6 sample, a sample of Swi...

  19. Abstract--The seven Independent System Operators and Regional Transmission Organizations (ISO/RTOs) in the United

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCalley, James D.

    such as demand side response, carbon trade, energy efficiency, renewable energy and credit risk are discussed power system [2]. Figure 1 - ISOs and RTOs in US and Canada This paper addresses several issues related

  20. Voluntary environmental programmes in the developing world: an examination of the ISO 14001 environmental management system certification in Thailand

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tambunlertchai, Kanittha

    2011-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

    is particularly severe for the case of developing countries. While VEPs in general and ISO 14001 in particular have rapidly increased across the developing world, the understanding of their implications in the academic literature trail far behind...

  1. Midwest Forensics Resource Center

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    HPRT and SRY) versus high molecular weight products (i.e. Amel-X and Amel-Y) that is diagnostic for an analyst in assessing the extent of degradation of nuclear DNA recovered...

  2. Midwest Energy Codes Project

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't YourTransport(FactDepartment3311,Official FileEnergy Midsize Wind Turbines for

  3. Midwest Forensics Resource Center

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)Integrated Codes |IsLove Your1 SECTION A. Revised:7, at 3:00 Science Bowl5 2.862

  4. Practical Cryptanalysis of iso/iec 9796-2 and emv Signatures Jean-Sebastien Coron1, David Naccache2, Mehdi Tibouchi2, and Ralf-Philipp Weinmann1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Practical Cryptanalysis of iso/iec 9796-2 and emv Signatures Jean-S´ebastien Coron1, David Naccache an existential signature forgery for two popular rsa signature standards, iso/iec 9796-1 and 2. Following this attack iso/iec 9796-1 was withdrawn. iso/iec 9796-2 was amended by increasing the message digest

  5. The autoignition of iso-cetane at high to moderate temperatures and elevated pressures: Shock tube experiments and kinetic modeling

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Oehlschlaeger, Matthew A.; Steinberg, Justin [Department of Mechanical, Aerospace, and Nuclear Engineering, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, 110 8th St., JEC 2049, Troy, NY 12180 (United States); Westbrook, Charles K.; Pitz, William J. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, CA (United States)

    2009-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Iso-cetane (2,2,4,4,6,8,8-heptamethylnonane, C{sub 16}H{sub 34}) is a highly branched alkane reference compound for determining cetane ratings. It is also a candidate branched alkane representative in surrogate mixtures for diesel and jet fuels. Here new experiments and kinetic modeling results are presented for the autoignition of iso-cetane at elevated temperatures and pressures relevant to combustion in internal combustion engines. Ignition delay time measurements were made in reflected shock experiments in a heated shock tube for {phi} = 0.5, 1.0, and 1.5 iso-cetane/air mixtures at temperatures ranging from 879 to 1347 K and pressures from 8 to 47 atm. Ignition delay times were measured using electronically excited OH emission, monitored through the shock tube end wall, and piezoelectric pressure transducer measurements, made at side wall locations. A new kinetic mechanism for the description of the oxidation of iso-cetane is presented that is developed based on a previous mechanism for iso-octane. Computed results from the mechanism are found in good agreement with the experimental measurements. To our knowledge, the ignition time measurements for iso-cetane presented here are the first of their kind. (author)

  6. Studies of n-Propanol, iso-Propanol, and Propane Flames

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Veloo, Peter S.; Egolfopoulos, Fokion N.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The phenomena of propagation and extinction of flames of saturated C{sub 3} alcohols and propane were studied experimentally and numerically in order to assess the effects of the presence and location of the hydroxyl radical in the fuel molecular structure. The experiments were carried out in the counterflow configuration under atmospheric pressure and for unreacted fuel-carrying stream temperature of 343 K. The simulations included detailed descriptions of molecular transport and chemical kinetics using a recently developed kinetic model for C{sub 3} alcohols. The experimental results revealed that the laminar flame speeds and extinction strain rates of n-propanol/air and propane/air flames are close to each other whereas those of iso-propanol/air flames are consistently lower. Similar behavior was observed also for the extinction strain rates of non-premixed n-propanol and iso-propanol flames. It was shown through sensitivity and reaction path analyses that there are two major differences between the intermediates of n-propanol/air and iso-propanol/air flames. In iso-propanol/air flames there are notably higher concentrations of propene whose consumption pathway results in the relatively unreactive allyl radicals, retarding thus the overall reactivity. In n-propanol/air flames there are notably higher concentrations of formaldehyde that reacts readily to form formyl radicals whose subsequent reactions enhance the overall reactivity. The kinetic model used in this study was found to overpredict the experimental results for rich n-propanol/air and propane/air flames. Analysis revealed that those discrepancies are most likely caused by deficiencies in the C{sub 3} alkane kinetics. Through sensitivity analysis, it was determined also that the propagation and extinction of n-propanol/air and iso-propanol/air flames are sensitive largely to hydrogen, carbon monoxide, and C{sub 1}–C{sub 3} kinetics and not to fuel-specific reactions. Finally, the relative sooting propensities of flames of these three fuels were assessed computationally.

  7. ISO-SWS calibration and the accurate modelling of cool-star atmospheres - IV. G9 to M2 stars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    L. Decin; B. Vandenbussche; C. Waelkens; G. Decin; K. Eriksson; B. Gustafsson; B. Plez; A. J. Sauval

    2002-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

    presented. The 2.38 -- 4.08 micron wavelength-range of band 1 of ISO-SWS (Short-Wavelength Spectrometers on board of the Infrared Space Observatory) in which many different molecules -- with their own dependence on each of the stellar parameters -- are absorbing, enables us to estimate the effective temperature, the gravity, the microturbulence, the metallicity, the CNO-abundances, the 12C/13C-ratio and the angular diameter from the ISO-SWS data. Using the Hipparcos' parallax, the radius, luminosity and gravity-inferred mass are derived. The stellar parameters obtained are in good agreement with other published values, though also some discrepancies with values deduced by other authors are noted. For a few stars (Delta Dra, Xi Dra, Alpha Tuc, H Sco and Alpha Cet) some parameters -- e.g. the CNO-abundances -- are derived for the first time. By examining the correspondence between different ISO-SWS observations of the same object and between the ISO-SWS data and the corresponding synthetic spectrum, it is shown that the relative accuracy of ISO-SWS in band 1 (2.38 -- 4.0 micron) is better than 2% for these high-flux sources. The high level of correspondence between observations and theoretical predictions, together with a confrontation of the estimated Teff(ISO) value with Teff-values derived from colours -- which demonstrates the consistency between V-K, BC(K), Teff and the angular diameter derived from optical or IR data -- proves that both the used MARCS models to derive the stellar quantities and the flux calibration of the ISO-SWS detectors have reached a high level of reliability.

  8. New requirements for digital radiographic testing of welds according to ISO standards

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zscherpel, U.; Ewert, U.; Jechow, M. [BAM Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing, D-12200 Berlin (Germany)

    2013-01-25T23:59:59.000Z

    Users of EN 14784-2 (general principles for computed radiography with phosphor imaging plates) reported about difficulties to achieve testing class B in weld testing with imaging plates. One of the reasons is the insufficient consideration of the inherent detector unsharpness (u{sub i}) in the minimum requirements. Digital detectors have a higher inherent unsharpness compared to film, which can even exceed the geometrical unsharpness (u{sub g}) of the typical contact technique. In EN 444 and ISO 5579 (general principles for film radiography) u{sub i} is neglected for the calculation of the minimum source-to-object distance (SOD), because it is small compared to the geometric unsharpness (u{sub g}). Considering u{sub i} for digital detectors results in a new equation for SOD (see ISO/FDIS 17636-2). Therefore, the increase in total image unsharpness requires the compensation by a larger SOD to reduce u{sub g}. This contribution discusses the need for change of the SOD for different setups (detectors, focal spots, etc.) and explains the difference in image quality, achieved on basis of the extended equation of ISO/FDIS 17636-2. Furthermore, the detection of image quality indicators depends on the achieved Contrast-to-Noise ratio (CNR) and total image unsharpness. Both of them are essential parameters, which influence the contrast sensitivity. Additionally, new compensation principles (e.g. compensation of missing spatial resolution by enhanced contrast sensitivity) allow to widen the application range of digital detectors for radiographic weld testing.

  9. Thinking Globally: How ISO 50001 - Energy Management can make industrial energy efficiency standard practice

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McKane, Aimee; Desai, Deann; Matteini, Marco; Meffert, William; Williams, Robert; Risser, Roland

    2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Industry utilizes very complex systems, consisting of equipment and their human interface, which are organized to meet the production needs of the business. Effective and sustainable energy efficiency programs in an industrial setting require a systems approach to optimize the integrated whole while meeting primary business requirements. Companies that treat energy as a manageable resource and integrate their energy program into their management practices have an organizational context to continually seek opportunities for optimizing their energy use. The purpose of an energy management system standard is to provide guidance for industrial and commercial facilities to integrate energy efficiency into their management practices, including fine-tuning production processes and improving the energy efficiency of industrial systems. The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) has identified energy management as one of its top five priorities for standards development. The new ISO 50001 will establish an international framework for industrial, commercial, or institutional facilities, or entire companies, to manage their energy, including procurement and use. This standard is expected to achieve major, long-term increases in energy efficiency (20percent or more) in industrial, commercial, and institutional facilities and to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions worldwide.This paper describes the impetus for the international standard, its purpose, scope and significance, and development progress to date. A comparative overview of existing energy management standards is provided, as well as a discussion of capacity-building needs for skilled individuals to assist organizations in adopting the standard. Finally, opportunities and challenges are presented for implementing ISO 50001 in emerging economies and developing countries.

  10. An ISO 8178 correlation study between raw and dilute exhaust emission sampling systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stotler, R.; Human, D.

    1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Beginning in 1996 the exhaust emissions of off-highway heavy-duty diesel engines between 175--750 hp will be regulated by the EPA. Along with the emission regulations comes the difficulty of establishing a set of standard test procedures which allow engine manufacturers and regulatory agencies to compare emissions data based on similar test methods. In order to remedy this problem, the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) has come up with an exhaust measurement procedure, ISO 8178, that can be applied worldwide to off-highway heavy-duty diesel engines. The ISO 8178 test procedure allows the exhaust emissions to be sampled with either a full flow dilute or raw sampling system. However, the preferred sampling systems are the raw gaseous and mini dilution tunnel (MDT) particulate measurement methods. The main concern of these sampling systems is the demonstration of equivalency to the full flow dilution system that is currently used for the certification of on-highway heavy-duty diesel engines. Using an in-house full flow dilution system and a recently built raw gaseous emissions bench along with a pre-existing MDT, this research was conducted to find the correlation between the two sampling systems. For the gaseous emissions of HC, NO{sub x}, and CO the correlation between the raw and full dilution sampling systems was within 7.0%, 3.0%, and 1.0% respectively. The correlation between the MDT and full dilution particulate sampling systems was within 2.5%. Additional investigation was performed in the area of MDT transfer tube length and its effect on particulate measurement. An experiment was performed to quantify the effect of a wide range of water vapor concentrations on the measurement of NO{sub x}.

  11. ISO 50001 for Commercial Buildings: Lessons Learned From U.S. DOE Pilot Project: Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Deru, M.; Field, K.; Punjabi, S.

    2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In the U.S., the ISO 50001 Standard, which establishes energy management systems (EnMSs) and processes, has shown uptake primarily in the industrial sector. The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) undertook a pilot program to explore ISO 50001 implementation in commercial buildings. Eight organizations participated as pilots, with technical assistance provided by DOE, the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), and the Georgia Institute of Technology (Georgia Tech). This paper shares important lessons learned from the pilot. Staff time was the most critical resource required to establish effective EnMSs in commercial buildings. The pilot also revealed that technical support and template/example materials were essential inputs. Crucial activities included evaluating performance, identifying goals, making connections, communicating operational controls, and tracking/reviewing progress. Benefits realized included enhanced intra-organizational connections, greater energy awareness, increased process efficiencies, and improved ability to make business cases. Incremental benefits for ISO 50001 certification were greater accountability, assurance of best practices, public relations opportunities, and potential to unlock verified savings credits or incentive money. Incremental certification costs included more staff/consultant time, money for certification, and a tendency to limit EnMS scope in order to ensure favorable audit results. Five best practices were identified - utilizing expert technical assistance, training, and other resources; focusing on implementation over documentation; keeping top management involved; considering organizational structure when selecting EnMS scope; and matching the implementation level to an EnMS's scope and scale. The last two practices are particularly relevant to the commercial buildings sector.

  12. Altos Hornos de Mexico blast furnace No. 5 certification in ISO-9002 standard

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gamez, O.; Liceaga, F.; Arredondo, J. [Altos Hornos de Mexico, Monclova (Mexico)

    1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Altos Hornos de Mexico`s Blast Furnace No. 5, as a means to improve its product quality, sought and obtained the certification of its quality system based on the international standard ISO-9002. The certification was obtained under this quality standard in Dec. 1995 and has successfully been maintained after two continuance audits. For blast furnace No. 5 (BF5) the benefits are reflected by a reduction in the hot metal silicon content variability, a decrease in fuel consumption and a higher productivity. Benefits were also obtained in the working environment where the personnel became more highly motivated, procedures were carried out to completion and the quality records were filled correctly.

  13. Iso-curvature fluctuations through axion trapping by cosmic string wakes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Biswanath Layek

    2005-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

    We consider wake-like density fluctuations produced by cosmic strings at the quark-hadron transition in the early universe. We show that low momentum axions which are produced through the radiation from the axionic string at an earlier stage, may get trapped inside these wakes due to delayed hadronization in these overdense regions. As the interfaces, bordering the wakes, collapse, the axions pick-up momentum from the walls and finally leave the wake regions. These axions thus can produce large scale iso-curvature fluctuations. We have calculated the detailed profile of these axionic density fluctuations and discuss its astrophysical consequences.

  14. Compensation for large tensor modes with iso-curvature perturbations in CMB anisotropies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Masahiro Kawasaki; Shuichiro Yokoyama

    2014-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

    Recently, BICEP2 has reported the large tensor-to-scalar ratio $r=0.2^{+0.07}_{-0.05}$ from the observation of the cosmic microwave background (CMB) B-mode at degree-scales. Since tensor modes induce not only CMB B-mode but also the temperature fluctuations on large scales, to realize the consistent temperature fluctuations with the Planck result we should consider suppression of scalar perturbations on corresponding large scales. To realize such a suppression, we consider anti-correlated iso-curvature perturbations which could be realized in the simple curvaton model.

  15. Structure and Evolution of Circumstellar Disks Around Young Stars: New Views from ISO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michael R. Meyer; Steven V. W. Beckwith

    2000-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

    A question central to understanding the origin of our solar system is: how do planets form in circumstellar disks around young stars? Because of the complex nature of the physical processes involved, multi-wavelength observations of large samples will be required in order to obtain a complete answer to this question. Surveys undertaken with ISO have helped to solve pieces of this puzzle in addition to uncovering new mysteries. We review a variety of studies aimed at understanding; i) the physical structure and composition of circumstellar disks commonly found surrounding young stellar objects; and ii) the evolution of circumstellar disks from the active accretion phase to post-planet building debris disks.

  16. ISO Observations of Pre-Main Sequence and Vega-type Stars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. E. van den Ancker

    2000-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

    I present an overview of the results obtained by the Infrared Space Observatory (ISO) on circumstellar material in pre-main sequence (PMS) stars. Results obtained for embedded YSOs, Herbig Ae/Be systems and T Tauri stars are reviewed and their connection to the disks around Vega-type systems is discussed. Although the gas contents of the PMS environment will also be discussed briefly, this review will mainly focus on the composition, mineralogy and evolution of dust in these systems, and the results will be compared to those found in other classes of objects, including solar system comets.

  17. Compensation for large tensor modes with iso-curvature perturbations in CMB anisotropies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kawasaki, Masahiro

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Recently, BICEP2 has reported the large tensor-to-scalar ratio $r=0.2^{+0.07}_{-0.05}$ from the observation of the cosmic microwave background (CMB) B-mode at degree-scales. Since tensor modes induce not only CMB B-mode but also the temperature fluctuations on large scales, to realize the consistent temperature fluctuations with the Planck result we should consider suppression of scalar perturbations on corresponding large scales. To realize such a suppression, we consider anti-correlated iso-curvature perturbations which could be realized in the simple curvaton model.

  18. ANSI X3H2-96-264r1 ISO IEC JTC1 SC21 WG3 DBL MCI-144

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Snodgrass, Richard T.

    ANSI X3H2-96-264r1 ISO IEC JTC1 SC21 WG3 DBL MCI-144 I S O INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATION. #12;DBL:MCI-144 and X3H2-96-264r1 2 References 1 Melton, J. ed. SQL Temporal. March, 1996. ISO IEC JTC 1 SC 21 WG 3 DBL-MCI-009. 2 Snodgrass, R. T. A Road Map of Additions to SQL Temporal. 1996. ISO IEC

  19. A shock tube study of iso-octane ignition at elevated pressures: The influence of diluent gases

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shen, Hsi-Ping S.; Vanderover, Jeremy; Oehlschlaeger, Matthew A. [Department of Mechanical, Aerospace, and Nuclear Engineering, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, 110 Eighth Street, JEC 2049, Troy, NY 12180 (United States)

    2008-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The ignition of iso-octane/air and iso-octane/O{sub 2}/Ar ({proportional_to}20% O{sub 2}) mixtures was studied in a shock tube at temperatures of 868-1300 K, pressures of 7-58 atm, and equivalence ratios {phi}=1.0, 0.5, and 0.25. Ignition times were determined using endwall OH* emission and sidewall piezoelectric pressure measurements. Measured iso-octane/air ignition times agreed well with the previously published results. Mixtures with argon as the diluent exhibited ignition times 20% shorter, for most conditions, than those with nitrogen as the diluent (iso-octane/air mixtures). The difference in measured ignition times for mixtures containing argon and nitrogen as the diluent gas can be attributed to the differing heat capacities of the two diluent species and the level of induction period heat release prior to ignition. Kinetic model predictions of ignition time from three mechanisms are compared to the experimental data. The mechanisms overpredict the ignition times but accurately capture the influence of diluent gas on iso-octane ignition time, indicating that the mechanisms predict an appropriate amount of induction period heat release. (author)

  20. Gauge fixing and classical dynamical r-matrices in ISO(2,1)-Chern-Simons theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Catherine Meusburger; Torsten Schönfeld

    2012-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

    We apply Dirac's gauge fixing procedure to Chern-Simons theory with gauge group ISO(2,1) on manifolds RxS, where S is a punctured oriented surface of general genus. For all gauge fixing conditions that satisfy certain structural requirements, this yields an explicit description of the Poisson structure on the moduli space of flat ISO(2,1)-connections on S via the resulting Dirac bracket. The Dirac bracket is determined by classical dynamical r-matrices for ISO(2,1). We show that the Poisson structures and classical dynamical r-matrices arising from different gauge fixing conditions are related by dynamical ISO(2,1)-valued transformations that generalise the usual gauge transformations of classical dynamical r-matrices. By means of these transformations, it is possible to classify all Poisson structures and classical dynamical r-matrices obtained from such gauge fixings. Generically these Poisson structures combine classical dynamical r-matrices for non-conjugate Cartan subalgebras of iso(2,1).