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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "microwave separate dishwasher" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Dishwasher | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Dishwasher Dishwasher Dataset Summary Description The following data-set is for a benchmark residential home for all TMY3 locations across all utilities in the US. The data is indexed by utility service provider which is described by its "unique" EIA ID ( Source National Renewable Energy Laboratory Date Released April 05th, 2012 (2 years ago) Date Updated April 06th, 2012 (2 years ago) Keywords AC apartment CFL coffeemaker Computer cooling cost demand Dishwasher Dryer Furnace gas HVAC Incandescent Laptop load Microwave model NREL Residential television tmy3 URDB Data text/csv icon Residential Cost Data for Common Household Items (csv, 14.5 MiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Annually Time Period License License Open Data Commons Public Domain Dedication and Licence (PDDL)

2

Dishwasher | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

TODO: Add description List of Dishwasher Incentives Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleDishwasher&oldid267159" Category: Articles with outstanding TODO tasks...

3

Covered Product Category: Residential Dishwashers | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

compact dishwashers. Since these products are designed to hold fewer place settings and service pieces than standard capacity dishwashers, they will fill more quickly and the...

4

Covered Product Category: Commercial Dishwashers  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) provides acquisition guidance for commercial dishwashers, which is a product category covered by the ENERGY STAR® program. Federal laws and executive orders mandate that agencies meet these efficiency requirements in all procurement and acquisition actions that are not specifically exempted by law.

5

Building Technologies Office: Residential Dishwashers, Dehumidifiers, and  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Residential Residential Dishwashers, Dehumidifiers, and Cooking Products, and Commercial Clothes Washers ANOPR Public Meeting to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: Residential Dishwashers, Dehumidifiers, and Cooking Products, and Commercial Clothes Washers ANOPR Public Meeting on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: Residential Dishwashers, Dehumidifiers, and Cooking Products, and Commercial Clothes Washers ANOPR Public Meeting on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Residential Dishwashers, Dehumidifiers, and Cooking Products, and Commercial Clothes Washers ANOPR Public Meeting on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Residential Dishwashers, Dehumidifiers, and Cooking Products, and Commercial Clothes Washers ANOPR

6

List of Dishwasher Incentives | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Dishwasher Incentives Dishwasher Incentives Jump to: navigation, search The following contains the list of 364 Dishwasher Incentives. CSV (rows 1 - 364) Incentive Incentive Type Place Applicable Sector Eligible Technologies Active Agricultural Energy Efficiency Program (New York) State Rebate Program New York Agricultural Agricultural Equipment Boilers Chillers Custom/Others pending approval Dishwasher Furnaces Heat pumps Heat recovery Lighting Lighting Controls/Sensors Motor VFDs Motors Water Heaters Commercial Cooking Equipment Commercial Refrigeration Equipment Food Service Equipment Yes Alabama - Residential Energy-Efficient Appliance Rebate Program (Alabama) State Rebate Program Alabama Residential Clothes Washers Dishwasher Refrigerators No Alaska - Residential Energy-Efficient Appliance Rebate Program (Alaska) State Rebate Program Alaska Residential Clothes Washers

7

Dishwasher: 1; Human: 0 | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Dishwasher: 1; Human: 0 Dishwasher: 1; Human: 0 Dishwasher: 1; Human: 0 December 21, 2009 - 10:58am Addthis Amy Foster Parish My dishwasher and I have been locked in mortal combat for almost a month now, ever since it decided to quit working at nearly the same moment I decided to start washing the Thanksgiving dinner dishes. Over the past week it has started to look as if the dishwasher may have won the battle. And so, while I've been contemplating washing all those Christmas dishes by hand this year, I've also been shopping for a new energy-efficient dishwasher to replace my old one. As someone who's planning on buying a new appliance in the near future, I've been really excited about the possibility of taking advantage of new state rebates for the purchase of ENERGY STAR® qualified appliances.

8

Method and apparatus for component separation using microwave energy  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for separating and recovering components includes the steps of providing at least a first component bonded to a second component by a microwave absorbent adhesive bonding material at a bonding area to form an assembly, the bonding material disposed between the components. Microwave energy is directly and selectively applied to the assembly so that substantially only the bonding material absorbs the microwave energy until the bonding material is at a debonding state. A separation force is applied while the bonding material is at the debonding state to permit disengaging and recovering the components. In addition, an apparatus for practicing the method includes holders for the components.

Morrow, Marvin S. (Kingston, TN); Schechter, Donald E. (Ten Mile, TN); Calhoun, Jr., Clyde L. (Knoxville, TN)

2001-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

9

DOE Energy Star Testing Reveals Inefficient ASKO Dishwasher | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy Star Testing Reveals Inefficient ASKO Dishwasher Energy Star Testing Reveals Inefficient ASKO Dishwasher DOE Energy Star Testing Reveals Inefficient ASKO Dishwasher June 1, 2010 - 2:07pm Addthis DOE testing in support of the Energy Star program has revealed that an ASKO dishwasher (model D5122XXLB), which the company had claimed was Energy Star compliant, consumes more energy than permitted by the Energy Star program. Test results for the ASKO model at issue show that, when tested in accordance with DOE's test procedure, it consumed 12 percent more energy than the Energy Star requirement. Based on this testing, DOE is referring ASKO Model D5122XXLB to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency for appropriate action with respect to the Energy Star program. DOE's testing revealed that dishwasher model D5122XXLB also may not meet

10

DOE Closes Investigation of ASKO Dishwasher | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

ASKO Dishwasher ASKO Dishwasher DOE Closes Investigation of ASKO Dishwasher September 8, 2010 - 4:50pm Addthis The Department of Energy has closed its investigation into the energy efficiency of ASKO Appliance Inc.'s dishwasher model D5122XXLB. After testing this model, the Department has found the model to be compliant with federal energy conservation standards. The Notice of Compliance Determination can be found here. DOE previously referred this model, which ASKO labeled as ENERGY STAR, to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) based on DOE testing showing that it consumed more energy than permitted by the ENERGY STAR program requirements. EPA has since delisted this model from the ENERGY STAR program. Addthis Related Articles DOE Energy Star Testing Reveals Inefficient ASKO Dishwasher

11

Covered Product Category: Residential Dishwashers | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Residential Dishwashers Residential Dishwashers Covered Product Category: Residential Dishwashers October 7, 2013 - 11:17am Addthis ENERGY STAR Qualified Products FEMP provides acquisition guidance across a variety of product categories, including residential dishwashers, which are an ENERGY STAR®-qualified product category. Federal laws and executive orders mandate that agencies meet these efficiency requirements in all procurement and acquisition actions that are not specifically exempted by law. Most manufacturers display the ENERGY STAR label on complying models. For a model not displaying this label, check the manufacturer's literature to determine if it meets the efficiency requirements outlined by ENERGY STAR. Performance Requirements for Federal Purchases For the most up-to-date efficiency levels required by ENERGY STAR, look for

12

Covered Product Category: Residential Dishwashers | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Dishwashers Dishwashers Covered Product Category: Residential Dishwashers October 7, 2013 - 11:17am Addthis ENERGY STAR Qualified Products FEMP provides acquisition guidance across a variety of product categories, including residential dishwashers, which are an ENERGY STAR®-qualified product category. Federal laws and executive orders mandate that agencies meet these efficiency requirements in all procurement and acquisition actions that are not specifically exempted by law. Most manufacturers display the ENERGY STAR label on complying models. For a model not displaying this label, check the manufacturer's literature to determine if it meets the efficiency requirements outlined by ENERGY STAR. Performance Requirements for Federal Purchases For the most up-to-date efficiency levels required by ENERGY STAR, look for

13

Microwave Enhanced Separation of Water-In-Oil Emulsions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MICRaVAVE ENHANCED SEPARATION OF WATER-IN-oIL EMULSIONS C.S. FANG DEPAR'lMENT OF rnEMICAL ENGINEERING UNIVERSITY OF SOUTHWESTERN LOUISIANA LAFAYE'ITE, IDUISIANA ABSTRACT The experimental data showed that viscous and stable water...-in-oil emulsions can be separated by nucrowave radiation, providing an opportunity for oll ~ecovery and waste reduction. At optimal condltlons, the separation of water can be accom plished at 80% or better, without using demulsi fying chemicals. The experi...

Fang, C. S.; Lai, P.

14

ISSUANCE 2014-12-11: Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Residential Dishwashers, Notice of Proposed Rulemaking  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Residential Dishwashers, Notice of Proposed Rulemaking

15

Energy Efficiency Program for Residential Products: Energy Conservation Standards for Residential Dishwashers, Reopening of the Comment Period  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Energy Efficiency Program for Residential Products: Energy Conservation Standards for Residential Dishwashers, Reopening of the Comment Period

16

An ergonomically designed dishwasher for the ambulatory and wheelchair-bound elderly  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the Hobart Corporation who provided four dishwashers for the study. The contributions of the members of the industrial engineering gerontology group: Mike Barron, Harvey Bordett, Ellen Gueths, Mary Mills, Paul Nollenhauer, Annie Resendiz, Rina Sadeh... OF SCIENCE December 1985 Ma)or Sub)ect& Industrial Engineering AN ERGONOMICALLY DESIGNED DISHWASHER FOR THE AMBULATORY AND WHEELCHAIR-BOUND ELDERLY A Thesis by DEAUN FAULKNER Approved as to style and content by: rome J Congl on (Ch irman) R. J. pa...

Faulkner, DeAun

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Microwave | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Microwave Microwave Dataset Summary Description The following data-set is for a benchmark residential home for all TMY3 locations across all utilities in the US. The data is indexed by utility service provider which is described by its "unique" EIA ID ( Source National Renewable Energy Laboratory Date Released April 05th, 2012 (2 years ago) Date Updated April 06th, 2012 (2 years ago) Keywords AC apartment CFL coffeemaker Computer cooling cost demand Dishwasher Dryer Furnace gas HVAC Incandescent Laptop load Microwave model NREL Residential television tmy3 URDB Data text/csv icon Residential Cost Data for Common Household Items (csv, 14.5 MiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Annually Time Period License License Open Data Commons Public Domain Dedication and Licence (PDDL)

18

2014-10-06 DOE Certification, Compliance, and Enforcement Overview for Refrigerators, Refrigerator-Freezers, Freezers, Dehumidifiers, Room Air Conditioners, Clothes Washers, Clothes Dryers, and Dishwashers  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This presentation provides an overview of DOE Certification, Compliance, and Enforcement for Refrigerators, Refrigerator-Freezers, Freezers, Dehumidifiers, Room Air Conditioners, Clothes Washers, Clothes Dryers, and Dishwashers. It was presented via webinar on October 6, 2014.

19

Demand side management of a domestic dishwasher: Wind energy gains, financial savings and peak-time load reduction  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Ireland is currently striving to achieve an ambitious target of supplying 40% of electricity demand with renewable energy by 2020. With the vast majority of this being met by wind energy, an intermittent and non-dispatchable energy source, it is inevitable that frequent substantial curtailment will occur during times of excessive generation. This paper investigates the potential for demand side management to limit the requirement for curtailment and further facilitate the integration of renewable energy by shifting the timing of electrical demand in response to various signals including pricing and wind availability. Using a domestic dishwasher as an example, significant increases in the amount of renewable electricity consumed are demonstrated with simultaneous financial savings for the consumer. Furthermore, secondary benefits such as peak-time demand reductions in excess of 60% are observed. The impact of employing demand side management based on imperfect day-ahead market predictions is also analysed and the resulting deficiencies are quantified.

P. Finn; M. O’Connell; C. Fitzpatrick

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Microwave assisted centrifuge and related methods  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Centrifuge samples may be exposed to microwave energy to heat the samples during centrifugation and to promote separation of the different components or constituents of the samples using a centrifuge device configured for generating microwave energy and directing the microwave energy at a sample located in the centrifuge.

Meikrantz, David H. (Idaho Falls, ID) [Idaho Falls, ID

2010-08-17T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "microwave separate dishwasher" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Microwave generator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A microwave generator is provided for generating microwaves substantially from virtual cathode oscillation. Electrons are emitted from a cathode and accelerated to an anode which is spaced apart from the cathode. The anode has an annular slit there through effective to form the virtual cathode. The anode is at least one range thickness relative to electrons reflecting from the virtual cathode. A magnet is provided to produce an optimum magnetic field having the field strength effective to form an annular beam from the emitted electrons in substantial alignment with the annular anode slit. The magnetic field, however, does permit the reflected electrons to axially diverge from the annular beam. The reflected electrons are absorbed by the anode in returning to the real cathode, such that substantially no reflexing electrons occur. The resulting microwaves are produced with a single dominant mode and are substantially monochromatic relative to conventional virtual cathode microwave generators. 6 figs.

Kwan, T.J.T.; Snell, C.M.

1987-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

22

Microwave furnace having microwave compatible dilatometer  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An apparatus for measuring and monitoring a change in the dimension of a sample being heated by microwave energy is described. The apparatus comprises a microwave heating device for heating a sample by microwave energy, a microwave compatible dilatometer for measuring and monitoring a change in the dimension of the sample being heated by microwave energy without leaking microwaves out of the microwave heating device, and a temperature determination device for measuring and monitoring the temperature of the sample being heated by microwave energy. 2 figs.

Kimrey, H.D. Jr.; Janney, M.A.; Ferber, M.K.

1992-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

23

Microwave furnace having microwave compatible dilatometer  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An apparatus for measuring and monitoring a change in the dimension of a sample being heated by microwave energy is described. The apparatus comprises a microwave heating device for heating a sample by microwave energy, a microwave compatible dilatometer for measuring and monitoring a change in the dimension of the sample being heated by microwave energy without leaking microwaves out of the microwave heating device, and a temperature determination device for measuring and monitoring the temperature of the sample being heated by microwave energy.

Kimrey, Jr., Harold D. (Knoxville, TN); Janney, Mark A. (Knoxville, TN); Ferber, Mattison K. (Oak Ridge, TN)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Effects of Microwave Radiation on Oil Recovery  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A variety of oil recovery methods have been developed and applied to mature and depleted reservoirs in order to improve the efficiency. Microwave radiation oil recovery method is a relatively new method and has been of great interest in the recent years. Crude oil is typically co?mingled with suspended solids and water. To increase oil recovery it is necessary to remove these components. The separation of oil from water and solids using gravitational settling methods is typically incomplete. Oil?in?water and oil?water?solid emulsions can be demulsified and separated into their individual layers by microwave radiation. The data also show that microwave separation is faster than gravity separation and can be faster than conventional heating at many conditions. After separation of emulsion into water and oil layers water can be discharged and oil is collected. High?frequency microwave recycling process can recover oil and gases from oil shale residual oil drill cuttings tar sands oil contaminated dredge/sediments tires and plastics with significantly greater yields and lower costs than are available utilizing existing known technologies. This process is environmentally friendly fuel?generating recycler to reduce waste cut emissions and save energy. This paper presents a critical review of Microwave radiation method for oil recovery.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Modulated microwave microscopy and probes used therewith  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A microwave microscope including a probe tip electrode vertically positionable over a sample and projecting downwardly from the end of a cantilever. A transmission line connecting the tip electrode to the electronic control system extends along the cantilever and is separated from a ground plane at the bottom of the cantilever by a dielectric layer. The probe tip may be vertically tapped near or at the sample surface at a low frequency and the microwave signal reflected from the tip/sample interaction is demodulated at the low frequency. Alternatively, a low-frequency electrical signal is also a non-linear electrical element associated with the probe tip to non-linearly interact with the applied microwave signal and the reflected non-linear microwave signal is detected at the low frequency. The non-linear element may be semiconductor junction formed near the apex of the probe tip or be an FET formed at the base of a semiconducting tip.

Lai, Keji; Kelly, Michael; Shen, Zhi-Xun

2012-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

26

Microwave Radiometer (MWR) Handbook  

SciTech Connect

The Microwave Radiometer (MWR) provides time-series measurements of column-integrated amounts of water vapor and liquid water. The instrument itself is essentially a sensitive microwave receiver. That is, it is tuned to measure the microwave emissions of the vapor and liquid water molecules in the atmosphere at specific frequencies.

Morris, VR

2006-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Ultracapacitor separator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An ultracapacitor includes two solid, nonporous current collectors, two porous electrodes separating the collectors, a porous separator between the electrodes and an electrolyte occupying the pores in the electrodes and separator. The electrolyte is a polar aprotic organic solvent and a salt. The porous separator comprises a wet laid cellulosic material.

Wei, Chang (Niskayuna, NY); Jerabek, Elihu Calvin (Glenmont, NY); LeBlanc, Jr., Oliver Harris (Schenectady, NY)

2001-03-06T23:59:59.000Z

28

Neptunium separations  

SciTech Connect

Two procedures for the separation of Np are presented; the first involves separation of /sup 239/Np from irradiated /sup 238/U, and the second involves separation of /sup 237/Np from a solution representing that from a dissolved fuel element.

Wild, J.F.

1983-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

29

Graphene Integrated Microwave Photonics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper proposes and analyzes the incorporation of graphene to integrated waveguides and circuits for application to the field of microwave photonics (MWP). We discuss the main...

Capmany, José; Doménech, David; Muñoz, Pascual

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Variable frequency microwave heating apparatus  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A variable frequency microwave heating apparatus (10) designed to allow modulation of the frequency of the microwaves introduced into a multi-mode microwave cavity (34) for testing or other selected applications. The variable frequency microwave heating apparatus (10) includes a microwave signal generator (12) and a high-power microwave amplifier (20) or a high-power microwave oscillator (14). A power supply (22) is provided for operation of the high-power microwave oscillator (14) or microwave amplifier (20). A directional coupler (24) is provided for detecting the direction and amplitude of signals incident upon and reflected from the microwave cavity (34). A first power meter (30) is provided for measuring the power delivered to the microwave furnace (32). A second power meter (26) detects the magnitude of reflected power. Reflected power is dissipated in the reflected power load (28).

Bible, Don W. (Clinton, TN); Lauf, Robert J. (Oak Ridge, TN); Johnson, Arvid C. (Lake in the Hills, IL); Thigpen, Larry T. (Angier, NC)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Microwave Observation of Detonation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... We have recently developed a technique for measuring the velocity of detonation of various high explosives under contained conditions by means of the reflexion of microwaves from ... contained conditions by means of the reflexion of microwaves from a region travelling with the detonation front. The technique differs substantially from that of Koch2 and the recent development of ...

JOHN L. FARRANDS; G. F. CAWSEY

1956-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

32

Microwave processing of ceramics  

SciTech Connect

Recent work in the areas of microwave processing and joining of ceramics is briefly reviewed. Advantages and disadvantages of microwave processing as well as some of the current issues in the field are discussed. Current state and potential for future commercialization of this technology is also addressed.

Katz, J.D.

1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Microwave processing of ceramics  

SciTech Connect

Recent work in the areas of microwave processing and joining of ceramics is briefly reviewed. Advantages and disadvantages of microwave processing as well as some of the current issues in the field are discussed. Current state and potential for future commercialization of this technology is also addressed.

Katz, J.D.

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Microwaves and Bacteria  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Microwaves and Bacteria Microwaves and Bacteria Name: mike Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: Do the microwaves in a microwave kill bacteria or is it the heat that kills the bacteria? I am wondering this because i have a science fair project and i am searching for a project dealing with bacteria. Replies: As far as I'm aware it is the heat that kill bacteria in a microwave, and they need quite some time to be dead. The spores that some kind of bacteria make to survive harsh conditions do not contain much water and they might survive microwaves. I'm not sure what bacteria do that can survive high dosis of radiation, like Deinococcus radiodurans. They can do this by a very efficient repair system for their DNA. My guess is that they would also be killed by the heat generated in a microwave but I haven't found any data on this.

35

Microwave coupler and method  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention is directed to a microwave coupler for enhancing the heating or metallurgical treatment of materials within a cold-wall, rapidly heated cavity as provided by a microwave furnace. The coupling material of the present invention is an alpha-rhombohedral-boron-derivative-structure material such as boron carbide or boron silicide which can be appropriately positioned as a susceptor within the furnace to heat other material or be in powder particulate form so that composites and structures of boron carbide such as cutting tools, grinding wheels and the like can be rapidly and efficiently formed within microwave furnaces.

Holcombe, C.E.

1984-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

36

Emitron: microwave diode  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The invention comprises a new class of device, driven by electron or other charged particle flow, for producing coherent microwaves by utilizing the interaction of electromagnetic waves with electron flow in diodes not requiring an external magnetic field. Anode and cathode surfaces are electrically charged with respect to one another by electron flow, for example caused by a Marx bank voltage source or by other charged particle flow, for example by a high energy charged particle beam. This produces an electric field which stimulates an emitted electron beam to flow in the anode-cathode region. The emitted electrons are accelerated by the electric field and coherent microwaves are produced by the three dimensional spatial and temporal interaction of the accelerated electrons with geometrically allowed microwave modes which results in the bunching of the electrons and the pumping of at least one dominant microwave mode.

Craig, G.D.; Pettibone, J.S.; Drobot, A.T.

1982-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

37

Microwave Quantum Illumination  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Quantum illumination is a quantum-optical sensing technique in which an entangled source is exploited to improve the detection of a low-reflectivity object that is immersed in a bright thermal background. Here we describe and analyze a system for applying this technique at microwave frequencies, a more appropriate spectral region for target detection than the optical, due to the naturally-occurring bright thermal background in the microwave regime. We use an electro-optomechanical converter to entangle microwave signal and optical idler fields, with the former being sent to probe the target region and the latter being retained at the source. The microwave radiation collected from the target region is then phase conjugated and upconverted into an optical field that is combined with the retained idler in a joint-detection quantum measurement. The error probability of this microwave quantum-illumination system, or 'quantum radar', is shown to be superior to that of any classical microwave radar of equal transmitted energy.

Shabir Barzanjeh; Saikat Guha; Christian Weedbrook; David Vitali; Jeffrey H. Shapiro; Stefano Pirandola

2014-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

38

Microwave Quantum Illumination  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Quantum illumination is a quantum-optical sensing technique in which an entangled source is exploited to improve the detection of a low-reflectivity object that is immersed in a bright thermal background. Here we describe and analyze a system for applying this technique at microwave frequencies, a more appropriate spectral region for target detection than the optical, due to the naturally-occurring bright thermal background in the microwave regime. We use an electro-optomechanical converter to entangle microwave signal and optical idler fields, with the former being sent to probe the target region and the latter being retained at the source. The microwave radiation collected from the target region is then phase conjugated and upconverted into an optical field that is combined with the retained idler in a joint-detection quantum measurement. The error probability of this microwave quantum-illumination system, or 'quantum radar', is shown to be superior to that of any classical microwave radar of equal transmit...

Barzanjeh, Shabir; Weedbrook, Christian; Vitali, David; Shapiro, Jeffrey H; Pirandola, Stefano

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Separation system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A separation system for dewatering radioactive waste materials includes a disposal container, drive structure for receiving the container, and means for releasably attaching the container to the drive structure. Separation structure disposed in the container adjacent the inner surface of the side wall structure retains solids while allowing passage of liquids. Inlet port structure in the container top wall is normally closed by first valve structure that is centrifugally actuated to open the inlet port and discharge port structure at the container periphery receives liquid that passes through the separation structure and is normally closed by second valve structure that is centrifugally actuated to open the discharge ports. The container also includes coupling structure for releasable engagement with the centrifugal drive structure. Centrifugal force produced when the container is driven in rotation by the drive structure opens the valve structures, and radioactive waste material introduced into the container through the open inlet port is dewatered, and the waste is compacted. The ports are automatically closed by the valves when the container drum is not subjected to centrifugal force such that containment effectiveness is enhanced and exposure of personnel to radioactive materials is minimized.

Rubin, Leslie S. (Newton, MA)

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Microwave and Radio Frequency Workshop  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

At the Microwave and Radio Frequency Workshop (held in Long Beach, CA, on July 25, 2012), academic and industry experts discussed the existing and emerging electrotechnologies – such as microwave ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "microwave separate dishwasher" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Hybrid Microwave-Cavity Heat Engine  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose and analyze the use of hybrid microwave cavities as quantum heat engines. A possible realization consists of two macroscopically separated quantum dot conductors coupled capacitively to the fundamental mode of a microwave cavity. We demonstrate that an electrical current can be induced in one conductor through cavity-mediated processes by heating up the other conductor. The heat engine can reach Carnot efficiency with optimal conversion of heat to work. When the system delivers the maximum power, the efficiency can be a large fraction of the Carnot efficiency. The heat engine functions even with moderate electronic relaxation and dephasing in the quantum dots. We provide detailed estimates for the electrical current and output power using realistic parameters.

Christian Bergenfeldt; Peter Samuelsson; Björn Sothmann; Christian Flindt; Markus Büttiker

2014-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

42

PHOTOCHEMISTRY IN THE MICROWAVE FIELD  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. The objective of microwave-assisted photochemistry is frequently, but not irreplaceably, connected. EDLs Hg-EDLs: I2- and P-EDLs S-EDL vs. solar radiation flux Literature: 1. P. Kl�n V. C�rkva, Microwave in the MW field. � No evidence for nonthermal microwave effects was observed. Outlook � MW-assisted

Cirkva, Vladimir

43

Variable frequency microwave furnace system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A variable frequency microwave furnace system (10) designed to allow modulation of the frequency of the microwaves introduced into a furnace cavity (34) for testing or other selected applications. The variable frequency microwave furnace system (10) includes a microwave signal generator (12) or microwave voltage-controlled oscillator (14) for generating a low-power microwave signal for input to the microwave furnace. A first amplifier (18) may be provided to amplify the magnitude of the signal output from the microwave signal generator (12) or the microwave voltage-controlled oscillator (14). A second amplifier (20) is provided for processing the signal output by the first amplifier (18). The second amplifier (20) outputs the microwave signal input to the furnace cavity (34). In the preferred embodiment, the second amplifier (20) is a traveling-wave tube (TWT). A power supply (22) is provided for operation of the second amplifier (20). A directional coupler (24) is provided for detecting the direction of a signal and further directing the signal depending on the detected direction. A first power meter (30) is provided for measuring the power delivered to the microwave furnace (32). A second power meter (26) detects the magnitude of reflected power. Reflected power is dissipated in the reflected power load (28).

Bible, Don W. (Clinton, TN); Lauf, Robert J. (Oak Ridge, TN)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Variable frequency microwave furnace system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A variable frequency microwave furnace system designed to allow modulation of the frequency of the microwaves introduced into a furnace cavity for testing or other selected applications. The variable frequency microwave furnace system includes a microwave signal generator or microwave voltage-controlled oscillator for generating a low-power microwave signal for input to the microwave furnace. A first amplifier may be provided to amplify the magnitude of the signal output from the microwave signal generator or the microwave voltage-controlled oscillator. A second amplifier is provided for processing the signal output by the first amplifier. The second amplifier outputs the microwave signal input to the furnace cavity. In the preferred embodiment, the second amplifier is a traveling-wave tube (TWT). A power supply is provided for operation of the second amplifier. A directional coupler is provided for detecting the direction of a signal and further directing the signal depending on the detected direction. A first power meter is provided for measuring the power delivered to the microwave furnace. A second power meter detects the magnitude of reflected power. Reflected power is dissipated in the reflected power load. 5 figs.

Bible, D.W.; Lauf, R.J.

1994-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

45

Local microwave background radiation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An inquiry on a possible local origin for the Microwave Background Radiation is made. Thermal MBR photons are contained in a system called {\\it magnetic bottle} which is due to Earth magnetic field and solar wind particles, mostly electrons. Observational tests are anticipated.

Domingos Soares

2014-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

46

Separation Processes, Second Edition  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

by; Uranium isotopes separation) Iteration methods (seemethod for activity coefficients, 43, 481 Uranium isotopes separation,

King, C. Judson

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Ultra-cold methods of atomic hydrogen electron spin separation  

SciTech Connect

Two ultra-cold methods of atomic hydrogen electron spin separation for polarized jet targets and sources will be described and compared. Both of them use a helium-film coated cell at 300 mK located in a high magnetic field. The first one, microwave driven extraction, uses a 212 GHz microwave system and 7.5 T magnetic field with a high uniformity ({Delta}B/B{approx} 10{sup {minus}5}). The second method employs the gradient of a high magnetic field for the state separation and beam formation. Experimental results from the two methods will be presented.

Luppov, V.G.; Kaufman, W.A.; Krisch, A.D. [Univ. of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States)] [and others

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

A microwave impedance meter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A MICROWAVE IMPEDANCE METER A Thesis Virgil Layfaette 8oaz Submitted to the Graduate School of the Agricultural and Mechanical College oi' Texas in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SC I ENCE August 1 g61... and advice of Dr. J. P, German who suggested the research proj ct and rendered assistance when necessary. Further thanks are extended to the Electrical Engineering Faculty and Staff for their patience and suggestions, 1v CONTENTS LIST OF FIGURES...

Boaz, Virgil Layfaette

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

49

Cryogenic Microwave Anisotropic Artificial Frank Trang  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cryogenic Microwave Anisotropic Artificial Materials by Frank Trang B.S., University of California entitled: Cryogenic Microwave Anisotropic Artificial Materials written by Frank Trang has been approved.D., Electrical Engineering) Cryogenic Microwave Anisotropic Artificial Materials Thesis directed by Professor

Popovic, Zoya

50

Metamaterial microwave holographic imaging system  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We demonstrate a microwave imaging system that combines advances in metamaterial aperture design with emerging computational imaging techniques. The flexibility inherent to...

Hunt, John; Gollub, Jonah; Driscoll, Tom; Lipworth, Guy; Mrozack, Alex; Reynolds, Matthew S; Brady, David J; Smith, David R

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Microwave and optical saturable absorption in graphene  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We report on the first experiments on saturable absorption in graphene at microwave frequency band. Almost independent of the incident frequency, microwave absorbance of graphene...

Zheng, Zhiwei; Zhao, Chujun; Lu, Shunbin; Chen, Yu; Li, Ying; Zhang, Han; Wen, Shuangchun

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Microwave and Pulsed Power  

SciTech Connect

The goals of the Microwave and Pulsed Power thrust area are to identify realizable research and development efforts and to conduct high-quality research in those pulse power and microwave technologies that support existing and emerging programmatic requirements at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL). Our main objective is to work on nationally important problems while enhancing our basic understanding of enabling technologies such as component design and testing, compact systems packaging, exploratory physics experiments, and advanced systems integration and performance. During FY-92, we concentrated our research efforts on the six project areas described in this report. (1) We are investigating the superior electronic and thermal properties of diamond that may make it an ideal material for a high-power, solid-state switch. (2) We are studying the feasibility of using advanced Ground Penetrating Imaging Radar technology for reliable non-destructive evaluation of bridges and other high-value concrete structures. These studies include conceptual designs, modeling, experimental verifications, and image reconstruction of simulated radar data. (3) We are exploring the efficiency of pulsed plasma processing techniques used for the removal of NO{sub x} from various effluent sources. (4) We have finished the investigation of the properties of a magnetically delayed low-pressure gas switch, which was designed here at LLNL. (5) We are applying statistical electromagnetic theory techniques to help assess microwave effects on electronic subsystems, by using a mode stirred chamber as our measurement tool. (6) We are investigating the generation of perfluoroisobutylene (PFIB) in proposed CFC replacement fluids when they are subjected to high electrical stresses and breakdown environments.

Freytag, E.K.

1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Analysis and estimation of the threshold for a microwave "pellicle mirror" parametric oscillator, via energy conservation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An experiment is proposed to observe the dynamical Casimir effect by means of two tandem, high Q, superconducting microwave cavities, which are separated from each other by only a very thin wall consisting of a flexible superconducting membrane that can be driven into motion by means of resonant "pump" microwaves injected into the left cavity. Degenerate "signal" and "idler" microwave signals can then be generated by the exponential amplification of vacuum fluctuations in the initially empty right cavity, above a certain threshold. The purpose of this paper is calculate the threshold for this novel kind of opto-mechanical parametric oscillation, using energy considerations.

Chiao, Raymond Y

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Differential Microwave Radiometer and the Cosmic Microwave Background |  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Differential Differential Microwave Radiometer and the Cosmic Microwave Background Laboratory Policy and Evaluation (LPE) LPE Home Staff M&O Contracts SC Laboratory Appraisal Process Laboratory Planning Process Work for Others in the Office of Science Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) DOE's Philosophy on LDRD Frequently Asked Questions Success Stories Brochures Additional Information LDRD Program Contacts Technology Transfer DOE National Laboratories Contact Information Laboratory Policy and Evaluation U.S. Department of Energy SC-32/Forrestal Building 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (202) 586-5447 F: (202) 586-3119 Success Stories Differential Microwave Radiometer and the Cosmic Microwave Background Print Text Size: A A A RSS Feeds FeedbackShare Page

55

Microwave Regenerated DPF for Auxiliary Power Units and Diesel...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Microwave Regenerated DPF for Auxiliary Power Units and Diesel Hybrid Vehicles Microwave Regenerated DPF for Auxiliary Power Units and Diesel Hybrid Vehicles Microwave regeneration...

56

Gigatron microwave amplifier  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An electron tube for achieving high power at high frequency with high efficiency is described, including an input coupler, a ribbon-shaped electron beam and a traveling wave output coupler. The input coupler is a lumped constant resonant circuit that modulates a field emitter array cathode at microwave frequency. A bunched ribbon electron beam is emitted from the cathode in periodic bursts at the desired frequency. The beam has a ribbon configuration to eliminate limitations inherent in round beam devices. The traveling wave coupler efficiently extracts energy from the electron beam, and includes a waveguide with a slot there through for receiving the electron beam. The ribbon beam is tilted at an angle with respect to the traveling wave coupler so that the electron beam couples in-phase with the traveling wave in the waveguide. The traveling wave coupler thus extracts energy from the electron beam over the entire width of the beam.

McIntyre, P.M.

1993-07-13T23:59:59.000Z

57

Gigatron microwave amplifier  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An electron tube for achieving high power at high frequency with high efficiency, including an input coupler, a ribbon-shaped electron beam and a traveling wave output coupler. The input coupler is a lumped constant resonant circuit that modulates a field emitter array cathode at microwave frequency. A bunched ribbon electron beam is emitted from the cathode in periodic bursts at the desired frequency. The beam has a ribbon configuration to eliminate limitations inherent in round beam devices. The traveling wave coupler efficiently extracts energy from the electron beam, and includes a waveguide with a slot therethrough for receiving the electron beam. The ribbon beam is tilted at an angle with respect to the traveling wave coupler so that the electron beam couples in-phase with the traveling wave in the waveguide. The traveling wave coupler thus extracts energy from the electron beam over the entire width of the beam.

McIntyre, Peter M. (611 Montclair, College Station, TX 77840)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

Thermodynamics of water superheated in the microwave oven  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Water is conveniently heated above its normal boiling point in a microwave oven in a glass microwave oven teapot. ...

B. H. Erné; Penny Snetsinger

2000-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Microwavable thermal energy storage material  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A microwavable thermal energy storage material is provided which includes a mixture of a phase change material and silica, and a carbon black additive in the form of a conformable dry powder of phase change material/silica/carbon black, or solid pellets, films, fibers, moldings or strands of phase change material/high density polyethylene/ethylene-vinyl acetate/silica/carbon black which allows the phase change material to be rapidly heated in a microwave oven. The carbon black additive, which is preferably an electrically conductive carbon black, may be added in low concentrations of from 0.5 to 15% by weight, and may be used to tailor the heating times of the phase change material as desired. The microwavable thermal energy storage material can be used in food serving applications such as tableware items or pizza warmers, and in medical wraps and garments.

Salyer, Ival O. (Dayton, OH)

1998-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

60

Microwavable thermal energy storage material  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A microwavable thermal energy storage material is provided which includes a mixture of a phase change material and silica, and a carbon black additive in the form of a conformable dry powder of phase change material/silica/carbon black, or solid pellets, films, fibers, moldings or strands of phase change material/high density polyethylene/ethylene vinyl acetate/silica/carbon black which allows the phase change material to be rapidly heated in a microwave oven. The carbon black additive, which is preferably an electrically conductive carbon black, may be added in low concentrations of from 0.5 to 15% by weight, and may be used to tailor the heating times of the phase change material as desired. The microwavable thermal energy storage material can be used in food serving applications such as tableware items or pizza warmers, and in medical wraps and garments. 3 figs.

Salyer, I.O.

1998-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "microwave separate dishwasher" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Actinide separations conference  

SciTech Connect

This report contains the abstracts for 55 presentations given at the fourteenth annual Actinide Separations Conference. (JDL)

Not Available

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Microwave scattering from laser spark in air  

SciTech Connect

In this paper, microwave Mie scattering from a laser-induced plasma in atmospheric air is computed. It shows that the scattered microwave transitions from coherent Rayleigh scattering to Mie scattering based on the relative transparency of the laser-induced plasma at the microwave frequency. The microwave penetration in the plasma alters from total transparency to partial shielding due to the sharp increase of the electron number density within the avalanche ionization phase. The transition from Rayleigh scattering to Mie scattering is verified by both the temporal evolution of the scattered microwave and the homogeneity of polar scattering plots.

Sawyer, Jordan; Zhang Zhili [Mechanical, Aerospace and Biomedical Engineering, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee 37996 (United States); Shneider, Mikhail N. [Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey 08544 (United States)

2012-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

63

Adhesive bonding using variable frequency microwave energy  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Methods of facilitating the adhesive bonding of various components with variable frequency microwave energy are disclosed. The time required to cure a polymeric adhesive is decreased by placing components to be bonded via the adhesive in a microwave heating apparatus having a multimode cavity and irradiated with microwaves of varying frequencies. Methods of uniformly heating various articles having conductive fibers disposed therein are provided. Microwave energy may be selectively oriented to enter an edge portion of an article having conductive fibers therein. An edge portion of an article having conductive fibers therein may be selectively shielded from microwave energy.

Lauf, Robert J. (Oak Ridge, TN); McMillan, April D. (Knoxville, TN); Paulauskas, Felix L. (Oak Ridge, TN); Fathi, Zakaryae (Cary, NC); Wei, Jianghua (Raleigh, NC)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Adhesive bonding using variable frequency microwave energy  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Methods of facilitating the adhesive bonding of various components with variable frequency microwave energy are disclosed. The time required to cure a polymeric adhesive is decreased by placing components to be bonded via the adhesive in a microwave heating apparatus having a multimode cavity and irradiated with microwaves of varying frequencies. Methods of uniformly heating various articles having conductive fibers disposed therein are provided. Microwave energy may be selectively oriented to enter an edge portion of an article having conductive fibers therein. An edge portion of an article having conductive fibers therein may be selectively shielded from microwave energy. 26 figs.

Lauf, R.J.; McMillan, A.D.; Paulauskas, F.L.; Fathi, Z.; Wei, J.

1998-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

65

Adhesive bonding using variable frequency microwave energy  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Methods of facilitating the adhesive bonding of various components with variable frequency microwave energy are disclosed. The time required to cure a polymeric adhesive is decreased by placing components to be bonded via the adhesive in a microwave heating apparatus having a multimode cavity and irradiated with microwaves of varying frequencies. Methods of uniformly heating various articles having conductive fibers disposed therein are provided. Microwave energy may be selectively oriented to enter an edge portion of an article having conductive fibers therein. An edge portion of an article having conductive fibers therein may be selectively shielded from microwave energy. 26 figs.

Lauf, R.J.; McMillan, A.D.; Paulauskas, F.L.; Fathi, Z.; Wei, J.

1998-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

66

Scanning tip microwave near field microscope  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A microwave near field microscope has a novel microwave probe structure wherein the probing field of evanescent radiation is emitted from a sharpened metal tip instead of an aperture or gap. This sharpened tip, which is electrically and mechanically connected to a central electrode, extends through and beyond an aperture in an endwall of a microwave resonating device such as a microwave cavity resonator or a microwave stripline resonator. Since the field intensity at the tip increases as the tip sharpens, the total energy which is radiated from the tip and absorbed by the sample increases as the tip sharpens. The result is improved spatial resolution without sacrificing sensitivity.

Xiang, Xiao-Dong (Alameda, CA); Schultz, Peter G. (Oakland, CA); Wei, Tao (Albany, CA)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

Microwave sintering of boron carbide  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for forming boron carbide into a particular shape and densifying the green boron carbide shape. Boron carbide in powder form is pressed into a green shape and then sintered, using a microwave oven, to obtain a dense boron carbide body. Densities of greater than 95% of theoretical density have been obtained. 1 tab.

Blake, R.D.; Katz, J.D.; Petrovic, J.J.; Sheinberg, H.

1988-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

68

Compact hot-nozzle fourier-transform microwave spectormeter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, the observed signal (the voltage at the input to the analog-to-digital converter (ADC), for example, see Fig. 2), may be written as Scc(~Qv>“~~!f(Po,To,D,r~,...), (2) where v,Q, and V are, respectively, the microwave frequency, quality factor... dipole moment for the resonant molecular states. For the Fabry-Perot cavity, Q scales with reflector separation (d),6 so (QV) r” introduces (I X Z3) “’ = I”, scaling with linear dimension 1. But in practice Q is often determined by input...

Harmony, Marlin D.; Ratzlaff, Kenneth L.; Angst, D. M.; Beren, K. A.

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Polycrystal diamond growth in a microwave plasma torch  

SciTech Connect

Diamond films of different structures were deposited on quartz, WC-Co, and molybdenum substrates in a microwave plasma torch discharge in an argon-hydrogen-methane gas mixture in a sealed chamber at pressures close to atmospheric by using the chemical vapor deposition technique. Images of diamond polycrystal films and separate crystals, as well as results of Raman spectroscopy, are presented. The spectra of optical plasma radiation recorded during film deposition demonstrate the presence of intense H{sub {alpha}} hydrogen and C{sub 2} radical bands known as Swan bands.

Sergeichev, K. F.; Lukina, N. A.; Bolshakov, A. P.; Ralchenko, V. G.; Arutyunyan, N. R.; Vlasov, I. I. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Prokhorov Institute of General Physics (Russian Federation)

2010-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

70

Membrane Separations Research  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MEMBRANE SEPARATIONS RESEARCH James R. Fair Chemical Engineering Department The University of Texas at Austin Austin, TX 78712 ABSTRACT The use of membranes for separating gaseous and liquid mixtures has grown dramatically in the past 15... years. Applications have been dominated by light gas separations and water purification. During this pioneering period, equipment containing the membrane suIfaces has been developed to a point where failures are minimal and the membranes themselves...

Fair, J. R.

71

Separation technologies: Marketing factors  

SciTech Connect

The chemical and petroleum industries consume approximately 5.8 quads per year of energy. Within these industries, 43% of the energy is used by separation processes to recover and purify products. With 40,000 distillation columns in operation, distillation is used to make 95% of all separations in these two industries. Although separations are identified which are amenable to advanced separation technologies (that make distillation more energy-efficient), they are not implemented because of commercial barriers. The focus of this work was on barriers which can by overcome by implementing advanced separation-related technologies. Barriers were screened and prioritized, and Return On Investment (ROI) was calculated for each project designed to overcome a high priority barrier. Economic analyses were based on specific separations such as ethylene-ethane, propylene-propane, ethyl benzene-styrene, and ethanol-water. These separations were selected because they consume significant amounts of energy for separation. Thus, conclusions are based on a limited number of case studies; an approach necessary to complete this project within a reasonable time frame. Recommended projects are discussed and summarized.

Humphrey, J.L.; Seibert, A.F.; Goodpastor, C.V.

1991-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Substituted polyacetylene separation membrane  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A separation membrane is described which is useful for gas separation, particularly separation of C{sub 2+} hydrocarbons from natural gas. The invention encompasses the membrane itself, methods of making it and processes for using it. The membrane comprises a polymer having repeating units of a hydrocarbon-based, disubstituted polyacetylene, having the general formula shown in the accompanying diagram, wherein R{sub 1} is chosen from the group consisting of C{sub 1}-C{sub 4} alkyl and phenyl, and wherein R{sub 2} is chosen from the group consisting of hydrogen and phenyl. In the most preferred embodiment, the membrane comprises poly(4-methyl-2-pentyne) [PMP]. The membrane exhibits good chemical resistance and has super-glassy properties with regard to separating certain large, condensable permeant species from smaller, less-condensable permeant species. The membranes may also be useful in other fluid separations. 4 figs.

Pinnau, I.; Morisato, Atsushi

1998-01-13T23:59:59.000Z

73

Substituted polyacetylene separation membrane  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A separation membrane useful for gas separation, particularly separation of C.sub.2+ hydrocarbons from natural gas. The invention encompasses the membrane itself, methods of making it and processes for using it. The membrane comprises a polymer having repeating units of a hydrocarbon-based, disubstituted polyacetylene, having the general formula: ##STR1## wherein R.sub.1 is chosen from the group consisting of C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 alkyl and phenyl, and wherein R.sub.2 is chosen from the group consisting of hydrogen and phenyl. In the most preferred embodiment, the membrane comprises poly(4-methyl-2-pentyne) ›PMP!. The membrane exhibits good chemical resistance and has super-glassy properties with regard to separating certain large, condensable permeant species from smaller, less-condensable permeant species. The membranes may also be useful in other fluid separations.

Pinnau, Ingo (Palo Alto, CA); Morisato, Atsushi (Tokyo, JP)

1998-01-13T23:59:59.000Z

74

Separators for flywheel rotors  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A separator forms a connection between the rotors of a concentric rotor assembly. This separator allows for the relatively free expansion of outer rotors away from inner rotors while providing a connection between the rotors that is strong enough to prevent disassembly. The rotor assembly includes at least two rotors referred to as inner and outer flywheel rings or rotors. This combination of inner flywheel ring, separator, and outer flywheel ring may be nested to include an arbitrary number of concentric rings. The separator may be a segmented or continuous ring that abuts the ends of the inner rotor and the inner bore of the outer rotor. It is supported against centrifugal loads by the outer rotor and is affixed to the outer rotor. The separator is allowed to slide with respect to the inner rotor. It is made of a material that has a modulus of elasticity that is lower than that of the rotors. 10 figs.

Bender, D.A.; Kuklo, T.C.

1998-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

75

Separators for flywheel rotors  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A separator forms a connection between the rotors of a concentric rotor assembly. This separator allows for the relatively free expansion of outer rotors away from inner rotors while providing a connection between the rotors that is strong enough to prevent disassembly. The rotor assembly includes at least two rotors referred to as inner and outer flywheel rings or rotors. This combination of inner flywheel ring, separator, and outer flywheel ring may be nested to include an arbitrary number of concentric rings. The separator may be a segmented or continuous ring that abuts the ends of the inner rotor and the inner bore of the outer rotor. It is supported against centrifugal loads by the outer rotor and is affixed to the outer rotor. The separator is allowed to slide with respect to the inner rotor. It is made of a material that has a modulus of elasticity that is lower than that of the rotors.

Bender, Donald A. (Dublin, CA); Kuklo, Thomas C. (Oakdale, CA)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Note: Cryogenic coaxial microwave filters  

SciTech Connect

The careful filtering of microwave electromagnetic radiation is critical for controlling the electromagnetic environment for experiments in solid-state quantum information processing and quantum metrology at millikelvin temperatures. We describe the design and fabrication of a coaxial filter assembly and demonstrate that its performance is in excellent agreement with theoretical modelling. We further perform an indicative test of the operation of the filters by making current-voltage measurements of small, underdamped Josephson junctions at 15 mK.

Tancredi, G.; Meeson, P. J. [Department of Physics, Royal Holloway, University of London, Egham TW20 0EX (United Kingdom)] [Department of Physics, Royal Holloway, University of London, Egham TW20 0EX (United Kingdom); Schmidlin, S. [Department of Physics, Royal Holloway, University of London, Egham TW20 0EX (United Kingdom) [Department of Physics, Royal Holloway, University of London, Egham TW20 0EX (United Kingdom); National Physical Laboratory, Hampton Road, Teddington TW11 0LW (United Kingdom)

2014-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

77

Microwave assisted hard rock cutting  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An apparatus for the sequential fracturing and cutting of subsurface volume of hard rock (102) in the strata (101) of a mining environment (100) by subjecting the volume of rock to a beam (25) of microwave energy to fracture the subsurface volume of rock by differential expansion; and , then bringing the cutting edge (52) of a piece of conventional mining machinery (50) into contact with the fractured rock (102).

Lindroth, David P. (Apple Valley, MN); Morrell, Roger J. (Bloomington, MN); Blair, James R. (Inver Grove Heights, MN)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Microwave solidification development for Rocky Flats waste  

SciTech Connect

The Microwave Engineering Team at the Rocky Flats Plant has developed a production-scale system for the treatment of hazardous, radioactive, and mixed wastes using microwave energy. The system produces a vitreous final form which meets the acceptance criteria for shipment and disposal. The technology also has potential for application on various other waste streams from the public and private sectors. Technology transfer opportunities are being identified and pursued for commercialization of the microwave solidification technology.

Dixon, D.; Erle, R.; Eschen, V. [and others

1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Process for microwave sintering boron carbide  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method of microwave sintering boron carbide comprises leaching boron carbide powder with an aqueous solution of nitric acid to form a leached boron carbide powder. The leached boron carbide powder is coated with a glassy carbon precursor to form a coated boron carbide powder. The coated boron carbide powder is consolidated in an enclosure of boron nitride particles coated with a layer of glassy carbon within a container for microwave heating to form an enclosed coated boron carbide powder. The enclosed coated boron carbide powder is sintered within the container for microwave heating with microwave energy.

Holcombe, C.E.; Morrow, M.S.

1993-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

80

Process for microwave sintering boron carbide  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method of microwave sintering boron carbide comprises leaching boron carbide powder with an aqueous solution of nitric acid to form a leached boron carbide powder. The leached boron carbide powder is coated with a glassy carbon precursor to form a coated boron carbide powder. The coated boron carbide powder is consolidated in an enclosure of boron nitride particles coated with a layer of glassy carbon within a container for microwave heating to form an enclosed coated boron carbide powder. The enclosed coated boron carbide powder is sintered within the container for microwave heating with microwave energy.

Holcombe, Cressie E. (440 Sugarwood Dr., Knoxville, TN 37922); Morrow, Marvin S. (Rte. #3, Box 113, Kingston, TN 37763)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "microwave separate dishwasher" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Expanded Capacity Microwave-Cleaned Diesel Particulate Filter...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Expanded Capacity Microwave-Cleaned Diesel Particulate Filter Expanded Capacity Microwave-Cleaned Diesel Particulate Filter 2002 DEER Conference Presentation: Industrial Ceramic...

82

New Energy Efficiency Standards for Microwave Ovens to Save Consumers...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

New Energy Efficiency Standards for Microwave Ovens to Save Consumers on Energy Bills New Energy Efficiency Standards for Microwave Ovens to Save Consumers on Energy Bills May 31,...

83

Energy Efficiency Standards for Microwave Ovens Saves Consumers...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

Energy Efficiency Standards for Microwave Ovens Saves Consumers Energy and Updates the Social Cost of Carbon Energy Efficiency Standards for Microwave Ovens Saves Consumers Energy...

84

USABC Battery Separator Development  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Separator Development P.I. - Ron Smith Presenter - Kristoffer Stokes, Ph.D. Celgard, LLC Project ID ES007 May 10, 2011 This presentation does not contain any proprietary,...

85

successfully demonstrated the separation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

successfully demonstrated the separation and capture of 90 percent successfully demonstrated the separation and capture of 90 percent of the c arbon dioxide (CO 2 ) from a pulve rized coal plant. In t he ARRA-funded project, Membrane Technology and Research Inc. (MTR) and its partners tested the Polaris(tm) membrane system, which uses a CO 2 -selective polymeric membrane material and module to capture CO 2 from a plant's flue gas. Since the Polaris(tm) membranes

86

Hydrogen separation process  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for separating a hydrogen-rich product stream from a feed stream comprising hydrogen and at least one carbon-containing gas, comprising feeding the feed stream, at an inlet pressure greater than atmospheric pressure and a temperature greater than 200.degree. C., to a hydrogen separation membrane system comprising a membrane that is selectively permeable to hydrogen, and producing a hydrogen-rich permeate product stream on the permeate side of the membrane and a carbon dioxide-rich product raffinate stream on the raffinate side of the membrane. A method for separating a hydrogen-rich product stream from a feed stream comprising hydrogen and at least one carbon-containing gas, comprising feeding the feed stream, at an inlet pressure greater than atmospheric pressure and a temperature greater than 200.degree. C., to an integrated water gas shift/hydrogen separation membrane system wherein the hydrogen separation membrane system comprises a membrane that is selectively permeable to hydrogen, and producing a hydrogen-rich permeate product stream on the permeate side of the membrane and a carbon dioxide-rich product raffinate stream on the raffinate side of the membrane. A method for pretreating a membrane, comprising: heating the membrane to a desired operating temperature and desired feed pressure in a flow of inert gas for a sufficient time to cause the membrane to mechanically deform; decreasing the feed pressure to approximately ambient pressure; and optionally, flowing an oxidizing agent across the membrane before, during, or after deformation of the membrane. A method of supporting a hydrogen separation membrane system comprising selecting a hydrogen separation membrane system comprising one or more catalyst outer layers deposited on a hydrogen transport membrane layer and sealing the hydrogen separation membrane system to a porous support.

Mundschau, Michael (Longmont, CO); Xie, Xiaobing (Foster City, CA); Evenson, IV, Carl (Lafayette, CO); Grimmer, Paul (Longmont, CO); Wright, Harold (Longmont, CO)

2011-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

87

Tandem microwave waste remediation and decontamination system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The invention discloses a tandem microwave system consisting of a primary chamber in which microwave energy is used for the controlled combustion of materials. A second chamber is used to further treat the off-gases from the primary chamber by passage through a susceptor matrix subjected to additional microwave energy. The direct microwave radiation and elevated temperatures provide for significant reductions in the qualitative and quantitative emissions of the treated off gases. The tandem microwave system can be utilized for disinfecting wastes, sterilizing materials, and/or modifying the form of wastes to solidify organic or inorganic materials. The simple design allows on-site treatment of waste by small volume waste generators.

Wicks, George G. (North Aiken, SC); Clark, David E. (Gainesville, FL); Schulz, Rebecca L. (Gainesville, FL)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Organic Separation Test Results  

SciTech Connect

Separable organics have been defined as “those organic compounds of very limited solubility in the bulk waste and that can form a separate liquid phase or layer” (Smalley and Nguyen 2013), and result from three main solvent extraction processes: U Plant Uranium Recovery Process, B Plant Waste Fractionation Process, and Plutonium Uranium Extraction (PUREX) Process. The primary organic solvents associated with tank solids are TBP, D2EHPA, and NPH. There is concern that, while this organic material is bound to the sludge particles as it is stored in the tanks, waste feed delivery activities, specifically transfer pump and mixer pump operations, could cause the organics to form a separated layer in the tank farms feed tank. Therefore, Washington River Protection Solutions (WRPS) is experimentally evaluating the potential of organic solvents separating from the tank solids (sludge) during waste feed delivery activities, specifically the waste mixing and transfer processes. Given the Hanford Tank Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant (WTP) waste acceptance criteria per the Waste Feed Acceptance Criteria document (24590-WTP-RPT-MGT-11-014) that there is to be “no visible layer” of separable organics in the waste feed, this would result in the batch being unacceptable to transfer to WTP. This study is of particular importance to WRPS because of these WTP requirements.

Russell, Renee L.; Rinehart, Donald E.; Peterson, Reid A.

2014-09-22T23:59:59.000Z

89

Separators for electrochemical cells  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Provided are separators for use in an electrochemical cell comprising (a) an inorganic oxide and (b) an organic polymer, wherein the inorganic oxide comprises organic substituents. Preferably, the inorganic oxide comprises an hydrated aluminum oxide of the formula Al.sub.2O.sub.3.xH.sub.2O, wherein x is less than 1.0, and wherein the hydrated aluminum oxide comprises organic substituents, preferably comprising a reaction product of a multifunctional monomer and/or organic carbonate with an aluminum oxide, such as pseudo-boehmite and an aluminum oxide. Also provided are electrochemical cells comprising such separators.

Carlson, Steven Allen; Anakor, Ifenna Kingsley

2014-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

90

Microwave processing for carbide ceramics  

SciTech Connect

The US Bureau of Mines (USBM) has developed a process for synthesizing carbide ceramics in a microwave-induced plasma (MIP). For example, the process forms tungsten carbide with only 0.04% free carbon impurity at an average particle size of 0.05 {mu}m. Starting materials are tungsten oxide, carbon, and carbon monoxide. Commercial methods to produce tungsten carbide require heating to 1,500 C for up to 7 hours. Using the USBM method, tungsten carbide can be produced in approximately 10 minutes using a 30 kW, 915 mHz microwave unit. The reaction is carried out in a short-circuited waveguide to create a standing wave. Reactants rest on a carbon pedestal inside a closed zirconia crucible filled with carbon monoxide. The crucible is place at a field maximum within the waveguide. The waveguide was filled with helium to protect the waveguide. A procedure for producing carbide on a larger scale is described. Other ceramic compounds have been produced using this method, including silicon carbide and titanium carbide.

Tolley, W.K.; Church, R.H. [Bureau of Mines, Salt Lake City, UT (United States). Salt Lake City Research Center

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Microwave sintering of nanocrystalline ceramics  

SciTech Connect

A single-mode cavity microwave furnace, operating in the TE{sub 103} mode at 2.45 GHz, has been set up at the Naval Research Laboratory (NRL) and is currently being used to investigate sintering of nanocrystalline ceramics. This presentation will discuss the apparatus used and the results obtained to date. The high purity Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} and TiO{sub 2} nanocrystalline powders were prepared by the sol-gel method. These powders were first uniaxially pressed to 14 MPa, CIP`ed to various pressures > 420 MPa and finally sectioned into wafers. The density of the green wafers was 30 to 38% TD. The wafers were heated in the microwave furnace for up to three hours at temperatures {<=} 1720{degrees}C. The temperature of the workpiece was monitored using an optical pyrometer. Final densities up to 80% TD have been obtained to date for Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} and up to 52% TD for TiO{sub 2}. Work is ongoing to characterize the sintered compacts, optimize the casketing for this furnace, and lay the groundwork for new studies using a 35 GHz gyrotron and quasioptical gyrotron tunable from 85 to 120 GHz.

Bruce, R.W. [United States Naval Academy, Annapolis, MD (United States); Rayne, R.; Chow, G.M. [Naval Research Lab., Washington, DC (United States)] [and others

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

92

Hydrogen isotope separation  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A system of four cryogenic fractional distillation columns interlinked with two equilibrators for separating a DT and hydrogen feed stream into four product streams, consisting of a stream of high purity D.sub.2, DT, T.sub.2, and a tritium-free stream of HD for waste disposal.

Bartlit, John R. (Los Alamos, NM); Denton, William H. (Abingdon, GB3); Sherman, Robert H. (Los Alamos, NM)

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

Special Sensor Microwave/Imager (SSM/I) and Special Sensor Microwave Imager  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Special Sensor Microwave/Imager (SSM/I) and Special Sensor Microwave Imager Special Sensor Microwave/Imager (SSM/I) and Special Sensor Microwave Imager Sounder (SSMIS) Global Gridded Products Agriculture Community Menu DATA APPS EVENTS DEVELOPER STATISTICS COLLABORATE ABOUT Agriculture You are here Data.gov » Communities » Agriculture » Data Special Sensor Microwave/Imager (SSM/I) and Special Sensor Microwave Imager Sounder (SSMIS) Global Gridded Products Dataset Summary Description The SSM/I products are useful for evaluating the mean climate state, it's interannual and seasonal variations, and the detection of anomalies associated with ENSO and regional climatic variations. The Hydrology Team has assembled a time series of the entire SSM/I archive, now entering it's 16th year, which includes data from July 1987 to the present. Monthly average products are produced for precipitation, cloud liquid water, total precipitable water, snow cover, sea-ice cover, and oceanic surface wind speed.

94

Microwave concrete decontamination - Phase II results  

SciTech Connect

This report documents the results of the second phase of a four-phase development program to develop a system to decontaminate concrete using microwave energy. In the first phase of the program the feasibility of using microwaves to remove concrete surfaces was demonstrated. In the first phase experiments, concrete slabs were placed on a translator and moved beneath a stationery microwave system. The second phase demonstrated the ability to mobilize the technology to remove the surfaces from concrete floors. Phases III and IV will further develop the technology to be remotely operated and capable of removing concrete from floors as well as from vertical surfaces.

White, T.L.; Foster, D. Jr.

1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Chiral-field microwave antennas (Chiral microwave near fields for far-field radiation)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In a single-element structure we obtain a radiation pattern with a squint due to chiral microwave near fields originated from a magnetostatic-mode ferrite disk. At the magnetostatic resonances, one has strong subwavelength localization of energy of microwave radiation. Magnetostatic oscillations in a thin ferrite disk are characterized by unique topological properties: the Poynting-vector vortices and the field helicity. The chiral-topology near fields allow obtaining unique phase structure distribution for far-field microwave radiation.

Kamenetskii, E O; Shavit, R

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

E-Print Network 3.0 - assessment south microwave Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Process Christopher Marion Supervisor: Prof Kristian Waters Summary: microwaves) Optimization of the microwave pre-treatment process Assess the effect of the microwave pre......

97

Gauging the cosmic microwave background  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We provide a new derivation of the anisotropies of the cosmic microwave background (CMB), and find an exact expression that can be readily expanded perturbatively. Close attention is paid to gauge issues, with the motivation to examine the effect of super-Hubble modes on the CMB. We calculate a transfer function that encodes the behaviour of the dipole, and examine its long-wavelength behaviour. We show that contributions to the dipole from adiabatic super-Hubble modes are strongly suppressed, even in the presence of a cosmological constant, contrary to claims in the literature. We also introduce a naturally defined CMB monopole, which exhibits closely analogous long-wavelength behaviour. We discuss the geometrical origin of this super-Hubble suppression, pointing out that it is a simple reflection of adiabaticity, and hence argue that it will occur regardless of the matter content.

J. P. Zibin; Douglas Scott

2008-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

98

Planar slot coupled microwave hybrid  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A symmetrical 180.degree. microwave hybrid is constructed by opening a slot line in a ground plane below a conducting strip disposed on a dielectric substrate, creating a slot coupled conductor. Difference signals propagating on the slot coupled conductor are isolated on the slot line leaving sum signals to propagate on the microstrip. The difference signal is coupled from the slot line onto a second microstrip line for transmission to a desired location. The microstrip branches in a symmetrical fashion to provide the input/output ports of the 180.degree. hybrid. The symmetry of the device provides for balance and isolation between sum and difference signals, and provides an advantageous balance between the power handling capabilities and the bandwidth of the device.

Petter, Jeffrey K. (Williston, VT)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

Advanced Separation Consortium  

SciTech Connect

The Center for Advanced Separation Technologies (CAST) was formed in 2001 under the sponsorship of the US Department of Energy to conduct fundamental research in advanced separation and to develop technologies that can be used to produce coal and minerals in an efficient and environmentally acceptable manner. The CAST consortium consists of seven universities - Virginia Tech, West Virginia University, University of Kentucky, Montana Tech, University of Utah, University of Nevada-Reno, and New Mexico Tech. The consortium brings together a broad range of expertise to solve problems facing the US coal industry and the mining sector in general. At present, a total of 60 research projects are under way. The article outlines some of these, on topics including innovative dewatering technologies, removal of mercury and other impurities, and modelling of the flotation process. 1 photo.

NONE

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

Innovative Separations Technologies  

SciTech Connect

Reprocessing used nuclear fuel (UNF) is a multi-faceted problem involving chemistry, material properties, and engineering. Technology options are available to meet a variety of processing goals. A decision about which reprocessing method is best depends significantly on the process attributes considered to be a priority. New methods of reprocessing that could provide advantages over the aqueous Plutonium Uranium Reduction Extraction (PUREX) and Uranium Extraction + (UREX+) processes, electrochemical, and other approaches are under investigation in the Fuel Cycle Research and Development (FCR&D) Separations Campaign. In an attempt to develop a revolutionary approach to UNF recycle that may have more favorable characteristics than existing technologies, five innovative separations projects have been initiated. These include: (1) Nitrogen Trifluoride for UNF Processing; (2) Reactive Fluoride Gas (SF6) for UNF Processing; (3) Dry Head-end Nitration Processing; (4) Chlorination Processing of UNF; and (5) Enhanced Oxidation/Chlorination Processing of UNF. This report provides a description of the proposed processes, explores how they fit into the Modified Open Cycle (MOC) and Full Recycle (FR) fuel cycles, and identifies performance differences when compared to 'reference' advanced aqueous and fluoride volatility separations cases. To be able to highlight the key changes to the reference case, general background on advanced aqueous solvent extraction, advanced oxidative processes (e.g., volumetric oxidation, or 'voloxidation,' which is high temperature reaction of oxide UNF with oxygen, or modified using other oxidizing and reducing gases), and fluorination and chlorination processes is provided.

J. Tripp; N. Soelberg; R. Wigeland

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "microwave separate dishwasher" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Container evaluation for microwave solidification project  

SciTech Connect

This document discusses the development and testing of a suitable waste container and packaging arrangement to be used with the Microwave Solidification System (MSS) and Bagless Posting System (BPS). The project involves the Rocky Flats Plant.

Smith, J.A.

1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

NETL: Gasification Systems - Gas Separation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Separation Separation Ion-Transport Membrane Oxygen Separation Modules Ion-Transport Membrane Oxygen Separation Modules Gas separation unit operations represent major cost elements in gasification plants. The gas separation technology being supported in the DOE program promises significant reduction in cost of electricity, improved thermal efficiency, and superior environmental performance. Gasification-based energy conversion systems rely on two gas separation processes: (1) separation of oxygen from air for feed to oxygen-blown gasifiers; and (2) post-gasification separation of hydrogen from carbon dioxide following (or along with) the shifting of gas composition when carbon dioxide capture is required or hydrogen is the desired product. Research efforts include development of advanced gas separation

103

Testing gaussianity, homogeneity and isotropy with the cosmic microwave background  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We review the basic hypotheses which motivate the statistical framework used to analyze the cosmic microwave background, and how that framework can be enlarged as we relax those hypotheses. In particular, we try to separate as much as possible the questions of gaussianity, homogeneity and isotropy from each other. We focus both on isotropic estimators of non-gaussianity as well as statistically anisotropic estimators of gaussianity, giving particular emphasis on their signatures and the enhanced "cosmic variances" that become increasingly important as our putative Universe becomes less symmetric. After reviewing the formalism behind some simple model-independent tests, we discuss how these tests can be applied to CMB data when searching for large scale "anomalies"

L. Raul Abramo; Thiago S. Pereira

2010-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

104

Determining cosmic microwave background anisotropies in the presence of foregrounds  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Separating foregrounds from the signal is one of the big challenges in cosmic microwave background (CMB) experiments. A simple way to estimate the CMB temperature in a given pixel is to fit for the amplitudes of the CMB and the various foreground components. The variance squared of this estimator is shown to be equal to $[(FDF)^2\\ \\sigzt + \\sigsh^2]$, where $\\sigz$ is the variance in the absence of foregrounds; $\\sigsh$ is the variance due to the uncertainty in the shapes of the foreground components; and FDF is the {\\it foreground degradation factor}. This one number, the FDF, gives a good indication of the ability of a given experiment to disentangle the CMB from foreground sources. A variety of applications relating to the planning and analyzing of experiments is presented.

Scott Dodelson

1995-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

105

Quantum Illumination at the Microwave Wavelengths  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Quantum illumination is a quantum-optical sensing technique in which an entangled source is exploited to improve the detection of a low-reflectivity object that is immersed in a bright thermal background. Here we describe and analyze a system for applying this technique at microwave frequencies, a more appropriate spectral region for target detection than the optical, due to the naturally-occurring bright thermal background in the microwave regime. We use an electro-optomechanical converter to entangle microwave signal and optical idler fields, with the former being sent to probe the target region and the latter being retained at the source. The microwave radiation collected from the target region is then phase conjugated and upconverted into an optical field that is combined with the retained idler in a joint-detection quantum measurement. The error probability of this microwave quantum-illumination system, or quantum radar, is shown to be superior to that of any classical microwave radar of equal transmitted energy.

Shabir Barzanjeh; Saikat Guha; Christian Weedbrook; David Vitali; Jeffrey H. Shapiro; Stefano Pirandola

2015-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

106

Method and apparatus utilizing ionizing and microwave radiation for saturation determination of water, oil and a gas in a core sample  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A system is described for determining the relative permeabilities of gas, water and oil in a core sample has a microwave emitter/detector subsystem and an X-ray emitter/detector subsystem. A core holder positions the core sample between microwave absorbers which prevent diffracted microwaves from reaching a microwave detector where they would reduce the signal-to-noise ratio of the microwave measurements. The microwave emitter/detector subsystem and the X-ray emitter/detector subsystem each have linear calibration characteristics, allowing one subsystem to be calibrated with respect to the other subsystem. The dynamic range of microwave measurements is extended through the use of adjustable attenuators. This also facilitates the use of core samples with wide diameters. The stratification characteristics of the fluids may be observed with a windowed cell separator at the outlet of the core sample. The condensation of heavy hydrocarbon gas and the dynamic characteristics of the fluids are observed with a sight glass at the outlet of the core sample. 11 figs.

Maerefat, N.L.; Parmeswar, R.; Brinkmeyer, A.D.; Honarpour, M.

1994-08-23T23:59:59.000Z

107

Method and apparatus utilizing ionizing and microwave radiation for saturation determination of water, oil and a gas in a core sample  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A system for determining the relative permeabilities of gas, water and oil in a core sample has a microwave emitter/detector subsystem and an X-ray emitter/detector subsystem. A core holder positions the core sample between microwave absorbers which prevent diffracted microwaves from reaching a microwave detector where they would reduce the signal-to-noise ratio of the microwave measurements. The microwave emitter/detector subsystem and the X-ray emitter/detector subsystem each have linear calibration characteristics, allowing one subsystem to be calibrated with respect to the other subsystem. The dynamic range of microwave measurements is extended through the use of adjustable attenuators. This also facilitates the use of core samples with wide diameters. The stratification characteristics of the fluids may be observed with a windowed cell separator at the outlet of the core sample. The condensation of heavy hydrocarbon gas and the dynamic characteristics of the fluids are observed with a sight glass at the outlet of the core sample.

Maerefat, Nicida L. (Sugar Land, TX); Parmeswar, Ravi (Marlton, NJ); Brinkmeyer, Alan D. (Tulsa, OK); Honarpour, Mehdi (Bartlesville, OK)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Innovative lasers for uranium isotope separation. [Progress report  

SciTech Connect

Copper vapor lasers have important applications to uranium atomic vapor laser isotope separation (AVLIS). The authors have spent the first two years of their project investigating two innovative methods of exciting/pumping copper vapor lasers which have the potential to improve the efficiency and scaling of large laser systems used in uranium isotope separation. Experimental research has focused on the laser discharge kinetics of (1) microwave, and (2) electron beam excitation/pumping of large-volume copper vapor lasers. During the first year, the experiments have been designed and constructed and initial data has been taken. During the second year these experiments have been diagnosed. Highlights of some of the second year results as well as plans for the future include the following: Microwave resonant cavity produced copper vapor plasmas at 2.45 GHz, have been investigated. A CW (0--500 W) signal heats and vaporizes the copper chloride to provide the atomic copper vapor. A pulsed (5 kW, 0.5--5kHz) signal is added to the incoming CW signal via a hybrid mixer to excite the copper states to the laser levels. An enhancement of the visible radiation has been observed during the pulsed pardon of the signal. Electrical probe measurements have been implemented on the system to verify the results of the electromagnetic model formulated last year. Laser gain measurements have been initiated with the use of a commercial copper vapor laser. Measurements of the spatial profile of the emission are also currently being made. The authors plan to increase the amount of pulsed microwave power to the system by implementing a high power magnetron. A laser cavity will be designed and added to this system.

Brake, M.L.; Gilgenbach, R.M.

1991-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Enhanced membrane gas separations  

SciTech Connect

An improved membrane gas separation process is described comprising: (a) passing a feed gas stream to the non-permeate side of a membrane system adapted for the passage of purge gas on the permeate side thereof, and for the passage of the feed gas stream in a counter current flow pattern relative to the flow of purge gas on the permeate side thereof, said membrane system being capable of selectively permeating a fast permeating component from said feed gas, at a feed gas pressure at or above atmospheric pressure; (b) passing purge gas to the permeate side of the membrane system in counter current flow to the flow of said feed gas stream in order to facilitate carrying away of said fast permeating component from the surface of the membrane and maintaining the driving force for removal of the fast permeating component through the membrane from the feed gas stream, said permeate side of the membrane being maintained at a subatmospheric pressure within the range of from about 0.1 to about 5 psia by vacuum pump means; (c) recovering a product gas stream from the non-permeate side of the membrane; and (d) discharging purge gas and the fast permeating component that has permeated the membrane from the permeate side of the membrane, whereby the vacuum conditions maintained on the permeate side of the membrane by said vacuum pump means enhance the efficiency of the gas separation operation, thereby reducing the overall energy requirements thereof.

Prasad, R.

1993-07-13T23:59:59.000Z

110

Explosively separable casing  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An explosively separable casing including a cylindrical afterbody and a circular cover for one end of the afterbody is disclosed. The afterbody has a cylindrical tongue extending longitudinally from one end which is matingly received in a corresponding groove in the cover. The groove is sized to provide a pocket between the end of the tongue and the remainder of the groove so that an explosive can be located therein. A seal is also provided between the tongue and the groove for sealing the pocket from the atmosphere. A frangible holding device is utilized to hold the cover to the afterbody. When the explosive is ignited, the increase in pressure in the pocket causes the cover to be accelerated away from the afterbody. Preferably, the inner wall of the afterbody is in the same plane as the inner wall of the tongue to provide a maximum space for storage in the afterbody and the side wall of the cover is thicker than the side wall of the afterbody so as to provide a sufficiently strong surrounding portion for the pocket in which the explosion takes place. The detonator for the explosive is also located on the cover and is carried away with the cover during separation. The seal is preferably located at the longitudinal end of the tongue and has a chevron cross section.

Jacobson, Albin K. (Albuquerque, NM); Rychnovsky, Raymond E. (Livermore, CA); Visbeck, Cornelius N. (Livermore, CA)

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Phase 2 microwave concrete decontamination results  

SciTech Connect

The authors report on the results of the second phase of a four-phase program at Oak Ridge National Laboratory to develop a system to decontaminate concrete using microwave energy. The microwave energy is directed at the concrete surface through the use of an optimized wave guide antenna, or applicator, and this energy rapidly heats the free water present in the interstitial spaces of the concrete matrix. The resulting steam pressure causes the surface to burst in much the same way popcorn pops in a home microwave oven. Each steam explosion removes several square centimeters of concrete surface that are collected by a highly integrated wave guide and vacuum system. The authors call this process the microwave concrete decontamination, or MCD, process. In the first phase of the program the principle of microwaves concrete removal concrete surfaces was demonstrated. In these experiments, concrete slabs were placed on a translator and moved beneath a stationary microwave system. The second phase demonstrated the ability to mobilize the technology to remove the surfaces from concrete floors. Area and volume concrete removal rates of 10.4 cm{sup 2}/s and 4.9 cm{sup 3}/S, respectively, at 18 GHz were demonstrated. These rates are more than double those obtained in Phase 1 of the program. Deeper contamination can be removed by using a longer residence time under the applicator to create multiple explosions in the same area or by taking multiple passes over previously removed areas. Both techniques have been successfully demonstrated. Small test sections of painted and oil-soaked concrete have also been removed in a single pass. Concrete with embedded metal anchors on the surface has also been removed, although with some increased variability of removal depth. Microwave leakage should not pose any operational hazard to personnel, since the observed leakage was much less than the regulatory standard.

White, T.L.; Foster, D. Jr.; Wilson, C.T.; Schaich, C.R.

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Isotope separation apparatus  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Isotope separation apparatus consisting of a plurality of cells disposed adjacent to each other in an evacuated container. A common magnetic field is established extending through all of the cells. A source of energetic electrons at one end of the container generates electrons which pass through the cells along the magnetic field lines. Each cell includes an array of collector plates arranged in parallel or in tandem within a common magnetic field. Sets of collector plates are disposed adjacent to each other in each cell. Means are provided for differentially energizing ions of a desired isotope by applying energy at the cyclotron resonant frequency of the desired isotope. As a result, the energized desired ions are preferentially collected by the collector plates.

Arnush, Donald (Rancho Palos Verdes, CA); MacKenzie, Kenneth R. (Pacific Palisades, CA); Wuerker, Ralph F. (Palos Verdes Estates, CA)

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Electrified Separation Processes in Industry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

For any separation procedure in the chemical industry, a certain amount of reversible work in the form of free energy is required, as dictated by the second law of thermodynamics. Classical techniques for effecting liquid-phase separations...

Appleby, A. J.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

Actinide Separation Science and Technology  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Both the science and technology of the actinides as we know them today owe much to separation science. Conversely, the field of metal ion separations, solvent extraction, and ion exchange in particular, would ...

Kenneth L. Nash; Charles Madic…

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Actinide Separation Science and Technology  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Both the science and technology of the actinides as we know them today owe much to separation science. Conversely, the field of metal ion separations, solvent extraction, and ion exchange in particular, would ...

Kenneth L. Nash; Charles Madic…

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Advanced isotope separation  

SciTech Connect

The Study Group briefly reviewed the technical status of the three Advanced Isotope Separation (AIS) processes. It also reviewed the evaluation work that has been carried out by DOE's Process Evaluation Board (PEB) and the Union Carbide Corporation-Nuclear Division (UCCND). The Study Group briefly reviewed a recent draft assessment made for DOE staff of the nonproliferation implications of the AIS technologies. The staff also very briefly summarized the status of GCEP and Advanced Centrifuge development. The Study Group concluded that: (1) there has not been sufficient progress to provide a firm scientific, technical or economic basis on which to select one of the three competing AIS processes for full-scale engineering development at this time; and (2) however, should budgetary restraints or other factors force such a selection, we believe that the evaluation process that is being carried out by the PEB provides the best basis available for making a decision. The Study Group recommended that: (1) any decisions on AIS processes should include a comparison with gas centrifuge processes, and should not be made independently from the plutonium isotope program; (2) in evaluating the various enrichment processes, all applicable costs (including R and D and sales overhead) and an appropriate discounting approach should be included in order to make comparisons on a private industry basis; (3) if the three AIS programs continue with limited resources, the work should be reoriented to focus only on the most pressing technical problems; and (4) if a decision is made to develop the Atomic Vapor Laser Isotope Separation process, the solid collector option should be pursued in parallel to alleviate the potential program impact of liquid collector thermal control problems.

Not Available

1982-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

117

Separation Nanotechnology of Diethylenetriaminepentaacetic Acid...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Nanotechnology of Diethylenetriaminepentaacetic Acid Bonded Magnetic Nanoparticles for Spent Nuclear Fuel. Separation Nanotechnology of Diethylenetriaminepentaacetic Acid Bonded...

118

Microwave vs. Electric Kettle: Which Appliance Is in Hot Water...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

Microwave vs. Electric Kettle: Which Appliance Is in Hot Water in EnergyFaceoff Round 4? Microwave vs. Electric Kettle: Which Appliance Is in Hot Water in EnergyFaceoff Round 4?...

119

Global estimation of precipitation using opaque microwave bands  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis describes the use of opaque microwave bands for global estimation of precipitation rate. An algorithm was developed for estimating instantaneous precipitation rate for the Advanced Microwave Sounding Unit (AMSU) ...

Chen, Frederick Wey-Min, 1975-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Modeling and characterization of a cantilever-based near-field scanning microwave impedance microscope  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents a detailed modeling and characterization of a microfabricated cantilever-based scanning microwave probe with separated excitation and sensing electrodes. Using finite-element analysis we model the tip-sample interaction as small impedance changes between the tip electrode and the ground at our working frequencies near 1 GHz . The equivalent lumped elements of the cantilever can be determined by transmission line simulation of the matching network which routes the cantilever signals to 50 ? feed lines. In the microwave electronics the background common-mode signal is canceled before the amplifier stage so that high sensitivity (below 1 aF capacitance changes) is obtained. Experimental characterization of the microwavemicroscope was performed on ion-implanted Si wafers and patterned semiconductor samples. Pure electrical or topographical signals can be obtained from different reflection modes of the probe.

K. Lai; W. Kundhikanjana; M. Kelly; Z. X. Shen

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "microwave separate dishwasher" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Microwave off-gas treatment apparatus and process  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The invention discloses a microwave off-gas system in which microwave energy is used to treat gaseous waste. A treatment chamber is used to remediate off-gases from an emission source by passing the off-gases through a susceptor matrix, the matrix being exposed to microwave radiation. The microwave radiation and elevated temperatures within the combustion chamber provide for significant reductions in the qualitative and quantitative emissions of the gas waste stream.

Schulz, Rebecca L. (Aiken, SC); Clark, David E. (Gainesville, FL); Wicks, George G. (North Aiken, SC)

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Microwave accelerator E-beam pumped laser  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A device and method for pumping gaseous lasers by means of a microwave accelerator. The microwave accelerator produces a relativistic electron beam which is applied along the longitudinal axis of the laser through an electron beam window. The incident points of the electron beam on the electron beam window are varied by deflection coils to enhance the cooling characteristics of the foil. A thyratron is used to reliably modulate the microwave accelerator to produce electron beam pulses which excite the laser medium to produce laser pulse repetition frequencies not previously obtainable. An aerodynamic window is also disclosed which eliminates foil heating problems, as well as a magnetic bottle for reducing laser cavity length and pressures while maintaining efficient energy deposition.

Brau, Charles A. (Los Alamos, NM); Stein, William E. (Los Alamos, NM); Rockwood, Stephen D. (Los Alamos, NM)

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Methods for microwave heat treatment of manufactured components  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An apparatus for heat treating manufactured components using microwave energy and microwave susceptor material. Heat treating medium such as eutectic salts may be employed. A fluidized bed introduces process gases which may include carburizing or nitriding gases. The process may be operated in a batch mode or continuous process mode. A microwave heating probe may be used to restart a frozen eutectic salt bath.

Ripley, Edward B. (Knoxville, TN)

2010-08-03T23:59:59.000Z

124

Gas separation process  

SciTech Connect

The method for production of high purity hydrogen and high purity carbon monoxide from a mixed gas stream comprising these components together with carbon dioxide and a zero to a minor amount of one or more other gaseous contaminants is described comprising the steps of: (a) passing the mixed gas stream into and through a first bed of solid adsorbent capable of selectively adsorbing carbon dioxide and water while discharging from the bed a dry CO/sub 2/-freed effluent; (b) introducing the dry CO/sub 2/-freed effluent into a cryogenic environment for cooling the same therein under conditions effective for condensation of at least the major part of the carbon monoxide present in the dry CO/sub 2/-freed effluent; (c) withdrawing from the cryogenic environment carbon monoxide of high purity; (d) separately withdrawing from the cryogenic environment an uncondensed first gas stream product comprised of crude hydrogen and subjecting the first gas stream product to selective adsorption of non-hydrogen components therefrom in a second bed of solid absorbent, while recovering from the second bed the non-sorbed fraction as a product stream of essentially pure hydrogen; (e) purging the second solid adsorbent bed to desorb non-hydrogen components sorbed therein in step (d), and withdrawing from the bed a gas stream comprising the desorbed non-hydrogen components.

Nicholas, D.M.; Hopkins, J.A.; Roden, T.M.; Bushinsky, J.P.

1988-03-22T23:59:59.000Z

125

Ground-Based Microwave Radiometer Measurements  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Ground-Based Microwave Radiometer Measurements Ground-Based Microwave Radiometer Measurements and Radiosonde Comparisons During the WVIOP2000 Field Experiment D. Cimini University of L'Aquila L'Aquil, Italy E. R. Westwater Cooperative Institute for Research in the Environmental Sciences University of Colorado National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Environmental Technology Laboratory Boulder, Colorado Y. Han Science System Applications National Aeronautics Space Administration Goddard Space Flight Center Greenbelt, Maryland S. Keihm Jet Propulsion Laboratory California Institute of Technology Pasadena, California Introduction During September to October 2000, a water vapor intensive operational period (WVIOP) was conducted at the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program's Southern Great Plains (SGP) Cloud and

126

International Conference on Microwave and High Frequency Heating Nottingham, UK, September 2013 Scaling Up Reactors for Microwave-Assisted  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2013 316 Scaling Up Reactors for Microwave-Assisted Chemistry via ANN Optimization Andrew O. Holmesa by demonstrating that a particular microwave reactor can be designed with the help of computer optimization optimization technique to a microwave reactor. This technique is used here to optimize the geometry of a system

Yakovlev, Vadim

127

Optimized ECR plasma apparatus with varied microwave window thickness  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention describes a technique to control the radial profile of microwave power in an ECR plasma discharge. In order to provide for a uniform plasma density to a specimen, uniform energy absorption by the plasma is desired. By controlling the radial profile of the microwave power transmitted through the microwave window of a reactor, the profile of the transmitted energy to the plasma can be controlled in order to have uniform energy absorption by the plasma. An advantage of controlling the profile using the window transmission characteristics is that variations to the radial profile of microwave power can be made without changing the microwave coupler or reactor design. 9 figs.

Berry, L.A.

1995-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

128

Separation process using microchannel technology  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The disclosed invention relates to a process and apparatus for separating a first fluid from a fluid mixture comprising the first fluid. The process comprises: (A) flowing the fluid mixture into a microchannel separator in contact with a sorption medium, the fluid mixture being maintained in the microchannel separator until at least part of the first fluid is sorbed by the sorption medium, removing non-sorbed parts of the fluid mixture from the microchannel separator; and (B) desorbing first fluid from the sorption medium and removing desorbed first fluid from the microchannel separator. The process and apparatus are suitable for separating nitrogen or methane from a fluid mixture comprising nitrogen and methane. The process and apparatus may be used for rejecting nitrogen in the upgrading of sub-quality methane.

Tonkovich, Anna Lee (Dublin, OH); Perry, Steven T. (Galloway, OH); Arora, Ravi (Dublin, OH); Qiu, Dongming (Bothell, WA); Lamont, Michael Jay (Hilliard, OH); Burwell, Deanna (Cleveland Heights, OH); Dritz, Terence Andrew (Worthington, OH); McDaniel, Jeffrey S. (Columbus, OH); Rogers, Jr.; William A. (Marysville, OH); Silva, Laura J. (Dublin, OH); Weidert, Daniel J. (Lewis Center, OH); Simmons, Wayne W. (Dublin, OH); Chadwell, G. Bradley (Reynoldsburg, OH)

2009-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

129

Membrane Separations of Liquid Mixtures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MEMBRANE SEPARATIONS OF LIQUID MIXTURES Douglas R. Lloyd Separations Research Program Department of Chemical Engineering The University of Texas at Austin Austin, Texas In recent years considerable attention has been given to the need... for reduced energy costs in the chemical processing industry. A major portion of the energy consumed in this industry is associated with the separation and recovery of chemicals. Membrane processes offer energy-efficient, cost effective methods...

Lloyd, D. R.

130

Microwave Plasma Sources for Gas Processing  

SciTech Connect

In this paper atmospheric pressure microwave discharge methods and devices used for producing the non-thermal plasmas for processing of gases are presented. The main part of the paper concerns the microwave plasma sources (MPSs) for environmental protection applications. A few types of the MPSs, i.e. waveguide-based surface wave sustained MPS, coaxial-line-based and waveguide-based nozzle-type MPSs, waveguide-based nozzleless cylinder-type MPS and MPS for microdischarges are presented. Also, results of the laboratory experiments on the plasma processing of several highly-concentrated (up to several tens percent) volatile organic compounds (VOCs), including Freon-type refrigerants, in the moderate (200-400 W) waveguide-based nozzle-type MPS (2.45 GHz) are presented. The results showed that the microwave discharge plasma fully decomposed the VOCs at relatively low energy cost. The energy efficiency of VOCs decomposition reached 1000 g/kWh. This suggests that the microwave discharge plasma can be a useful tool for environmental protection applications. In this paper also results of the use of the waveguide-based nozzleless cylinder-type MPS to methane reforming into hydrogen are presented.

Mizeraczyk, J. [Centre for Plasma and Laser Engineering, Szewalski Institute of Fluid-Flow Machinery, Polish Academy of Sciences, Fiszera 14, 80-952 Gdansk (Poland); Department of Marine Electronics, Gdynia Martime University, Morska 83, 81-225 Gdynia (Poland); Jasinski, M.; Dors, M.; Zakrzewski, Z. [Centre for Plasma and Laser Engineering, Szewalski Institute of Fluid-Flow Machinery, Polish Academy of Sciences, Fiszera 14, 80-952 Gdansk (Poland)

2008-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

131

Analysis of Microwave Propagation In Plasma  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Analysis of Microwave Propagation In Plasma Elaine Chung Advisor: Dr. John Rodgers #12;Plasma OverviewPlasma Overview · Plasma ­ ionized gas htt[p://www.noaa.gov http://www.photoeverywhere.co.uk http://sohowww.nascom.nasa.gov/ #12;Experimental Plasma · Formed by collisional excitation of gas in an electric field Electrode Non

Anlage, Steven

132

Environmental assessment: South microwave communication facilities  

SciTech Connect

Western Area Power Administration (Western) is proposing to construct, operate, and maintain eight microwave repeater stations in southwestern Colorado, southeastern Utah, and northern Arizona, in order to meet the minimum fade criteria established by the Western Systems Coordinating Council (WSCC) for the operation and protection of electric power systems. The proposed microwave facilities would increase the reliability of communication. This environmental assessment (EA) describes the existing environmental conditions and the impacts from construction of the eight microwave communication facilities. The EA was prepared in compliance with the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969, the Council on Environmental Quality Regulations (40 CFR 1500-1508), and the Department of Energy Guidelines (52 FR 47662, December 15, 1987). The proposed project would consist of constructing eight microwave facilities, each of which would include a self-supported lattice tower, an equipment building, a propane tank, distribution lines to provide electric power to the sites, and access roads to the sites. The facilities would be constructed in San Miguel and Montezuma Counties in Colorado, San Juan County, Utah, and Navajo, Apache, Coconino, and Yavapai Counties in Arizona. 20 refs., 2 figs., 2 tabs.

Not Available

1989-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

High fidelity qubit readout with the superconducting low-inductance undulatory galvanometer microwave amplifier  

SciTech Connect

We describe the high fidelity dispersive measurement of a superconducting qubit using a microwave amplifier based on the Superconducting Low-inductance Undulatory Galvanometer (SLUG). The SLUG preamplifier achieves gain of 19?dB and yields a signal-to-noise ratio improvement of 9?dB over a state-of-the-art HEMT amplifier. We demonstrate a separation fidelity of 99% at 700?ns compared to 59% with the HEMT alone. The SLUG displays a large dynamic range, with an input saturation power corresponding to 700 photons in the readout cavity.

Hover, D.; Zhu, S.; Thorbeck, T.; Ribeill, G. J.; McDermott, R., E-mail: rfmcdermott@wisc.edu [Department of Physics, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin 53706 (United States); Sank, D.; Kelly, J.; Barends, R.; Martinis, John M. [Department of Physics, University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106 (United States)

2014-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

134

Three phase downhole separator process  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Three Phase Downhole Separator Process (TPDSP) is a process which results in the separation of all three phases, (1) oil, (2) gas, and (3) water, at the downhole location in the well bore, water disposal injection downhole, and oil and gas production uphole.

Cognata, Louis John (Baytown, TX)

2008-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

135

Robust Polymer Composite Membranes for Hydrogen Separation |...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Robust Polymer Composite Membranes for Hydrogen Separation Robust Polymer Composite Membranes for Hydrogen Separation polymercompositemembranes.pdf More Documents & Publications...

136

Efficient separations & processing crosscutting program  

SciTech Connect

The Efficient Separations and Processing Crosscutting Program (ESP) was created in 1991 to identify, develop, and perfect chemical and physical separations technologies and chemical processes which treat wastes and address environmental problems throughout the DOE complex. The ESP funds several multiyear tasks that address high-priority waste remediation problems involving high-level, low-level, transuranic, hazardous, and mixed (radioactive and hazardous) wastes. The ESP supports applied research and development (R & D) leading to the demonstration or use of these separations technologies by other organizations within the Department of Energy (DOE), Office of Environmental Management.

NONE

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Methane/nitrogen separation process  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A membrane separation process is described for treating a gas stream containing methane and nitrogen, for example, natural gas. The separation process works by preferentially permeating methane and rejecting nitrogen. The authors have found that the process is able to meet natural gas pipeline specifications for nitrogen, with acceptably small methane loss, so long as the membrane can exhibit a methane/nitrogen selectivity of about 4, 5 or more. This selectivity can be achieved with some rubbery and super-glassy membranes at low temperatures. The process can also be used for separating ethylene from nitrogen. 11 figs.

Baker, R.W.; Lokhandwala, K.A.; Pinnau, I.; Segelke, S.

1997-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

138

Methane/nitrogen separation process  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A membrane separation process for treating a gas stream containing methane and nitrogen, for example, natural gas. The separation process works by preferentially permeating methane and rejecting nitrogen. We have found that the process is able to meet natural gas pipeline specifications for nitrogen, with acceptably small methane loss, so long as the membrane can exhibit a methane/nitrogen selectivity of about 4, 5 or more. This selectivity can be achieved with some rubbery and super-glassy membranes at low temperatures. The process can also be used for separating ethylene from nitrogen.

Baker, Richard W. (Palo Alto, CA); Lokhandwala, Kaaeid A. (Menlo Park, CA); Pinnau, Ingo (Palo Alto, CA); Segelke, Scott (Mountain View, CA)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

LIVE BETTER. Located just off I-287 in Somerset County, recently named the 5th best place to live in the USA by Money magazine in  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

· individual private entry · gourmet kitchens with microwave, dishwasher, and refrigerator with ice maker, linen and storage closets · walk in bedroom closets with modular shelving · berber carpets · recessed

Goodman, Robert M.

140

Ground-based Microwave Cloud Tomography  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Microwave Cloud Tomography Microwave Cloud Tomography Experiment, SGP, May 15-June 15, 2009 Lead Scientist Dong Huang, BNL Co-Investigators Al Gasiewski, UC Boulder Maria Cadeddu, ANL Warren Wiscombe, BNL Radiation Processes Working Group March 30, 2009 multiple radiometers All good cloud radiation modelers should close their airplane window shades so as not to be corrupted by the spectacle of real 3D clouds. - Roger Davies In case you forget to do this, you see 3/30/2009 ARM RPWG 2 Effects of cloud structure on radiation 3/30/2009 ARM RPWG 3 Typical climate model - Cloud fraction & mean water content - Horizontally uniform clouds, no side radiation - Assumption on overlap Courtesy of Bernhard Mayer Cloud structure important to radiation - Cumulus (Benner & Evans 2001, Pincus et al. 2005), deep convection (DiGiuseppe &

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "microwave separate dishwasher" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Nonlinear multiferroic phase shifters for microwave frequencies  

SciTech Connect

A nonlinear microwave phase shifter based on a planar multiferroic composite has been studied. The multiferroic structure is fabricated in the form of a bilayer consisting of yttrium iron garnet and barium strontium titanate. The principle of operation of the device is based on the linear and nonlinear control of the phase shift of the hybrid spin-electromagnetic waves propagating in the bilayer. The linear control is realized with magnetic and electric fields. The nonlinear control is provided by the input power of microwave signal. The device showed a nonlinear phase shift up to 250°, electric field induced phase shift up to 330°, and magnetic field induced phase shift of more than 180°.

Ustinov, Alexey B.; Kalinikos, Boris A. [Department of Physical Electronics and Technology, St. Petersburg Electrotechnical University, St. Petersburg 197376 (Russian Federation); Srinivasan, G. [Department of Physics, Oakland University, Rochester, Michigan 48309 (United States)

2014-02-03T23:59:59.000Z

142

A container for heat treating materials in microwave ovens  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The efficiency of a microwave oven of a conventional two-source configuration and energy level is increased by providing the oven with a container for housing a refractory material to be treated. The container is formed to top and bottom walls transparent to microwaves while the sidewalls, in a circular configuration, are formed of a nonmetallic material opaque to microwave radiation for reflecting the radiation penetrating the top and bottom walls radially inwardly into the center of the container wherein a casket of heat-insulating material is provided for housing the material to be heat treated. The reflection of the microwave radiation from the sidewalls increases the concentration of the microwaves upon the material being heat treated while the concentration of the microwaves upon the material being heat treated while the casket retains the heat to permit the heating of the material to a substantially higher temperature than achievable in the oven without the container.

Holcombe, C.E.; Dykes, N.L.; Kimrey, H.D. Jr.; Mills, J.E.

1988-01-26T23:59:59.000Z

143

Cosmic Microwave Background: Past, Future, and Present  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

I explain the origin and evolution of anisotropies in the Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) and argue that upcoming experiments will measure cosmological and fundamental parameters very accurately. Most of the paper focuses on present data, which strongly suggest that the universe is flat. Several arguments are given to prove that present data sets are not contaminated by systematics. New techniques to compare different experiments visually are introduced. These are illustrated for two years of the MSAM and Python experiments.

Scott Dodelson

1999-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

144

Pump and centrifugal separator apparatus  

SciTech Connect

The invention relates to agitating means for preventing the accumulation of particulate matter at the contaminate outlet orifices in a pump and centrifugal separator apparatus. The pump separator apparatus includes a rotatable casing forming a chamber for centrifugally separating the oil, water and contaminant matter in an oil well production fluid. The clean oil is collected by a stationary pitot tube in the chamber, the clean water is drawn off at an outlet port near the outer periphery of the chamber, and the dirty water and contaminants are discharged through outlet orifices formed in the outer wall of the casing. The agitating means includes rotating jet ports for directing streams of pressurized fluid tangentially along the inner surface of the casing to agitate accumulations of separated solid contaminant matter thereby preventing the clogging of the outlet orifices.

Erickson, J.W.

1981-08-11T23:59:59.000Z

145

Continuous magnetic separator and process  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A continuous magnetic separator and process for separating a slurry comprising magnetic particles into a clarified stream and a thickened stream. The separator has a container with a slurry inlet, an overflow outlet for the discharge of the clarified slurry stream, and an underflow outlet for the discharge of a thickened slurry stream. Magnetic particles in the slurry are attracted to, and slide down, magnetic rods within the container. The slurry is thus separated into magnetic concentrate and clarified slurry. Flow control means can be used to control the ratio of the rate of magnetic concentrate to the rate of clarified slurry. Feed control means can be used to control the rate of slurry feed to the slurry inlet.

Oder, Robin R. (Export, PA); Jamison, Russell E. (Lower Burrell, PA)

2008-04-22T23:59:59.000Z

146

Fluorine separation and generation device  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A process and apparatus for the electrolytic separation of fluorine from a mixture of gases is disclosed. Also described is the process and apparatus for the generation of fluorine from fluorine/fluoride containing solids, liquids or gases.

The Regents of the University of California (Oakland, CA)

2008-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

147

Cavity Microwave Searches for Cosmological Axions  

SciTech Connect

This chapter will cover the search for dark matter axions based on microwave cavity experiments proposed by Pierre Sikivie. We will start with a brief overview of halo dark matter and the axion as a candidate. The principle of resonant conversion of axions in an external magnetic field will be described as well as practical considerations in optimizing the experiment as a signal-to-noise problem. A major focus of this chapter will be the two complementary strategies for ultra-low noise detection of the microwave photons--the 'photon-as-wave' approach (i.e. conventional heterojunction amplifiers and soon to be quantum-limited SQUID devices), and 'photon-as-particle' (i.e. Rydberg-atom single-quantum detection). Experimental results will be presented; these experiments have already reached well into the range of sensitivity to exclude plausible axion models, for limited ranges of mass. The section will conclude with a discussion of future plans and challenges for the microwave cavity experiment.

Carosi, G; van Bibber, K

2007-01-22T23:59:59.000Z

148

Joining of thermoplastic substrates by microwaves  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for joining two or more items having surfaces of thermoplastic material includes the steps of depositing an electrically-conductive material upon the thermoplastic surface of at least one of the items, and then placing the other of the two items adjacent the one item so that the deposited material is in intimate contact with the surfaces of both the one and the other items. The deposited material and the thermoplastic surfaces contacted thereby are then exposed to microwave radiation so that the thermoplastic surfaces in contact with the deposited material melt, and then pressure is applied to the two items so that the melted thermoplastic surfaces fuse to one another. Upon discontinuance of the exposure to the microwave energy, and after permitting the thermoplastic surfaces to cool from the melted condition, the two items are joined together by the fused thermoplastic surfaces. The deposited material has a thickness which is preferably no greater than a skin depth, .delta..sub.s, which is related to the frequency of the microwave radiation and characteristics of the deposited material in accordance with an equation.

Paulauskas, Felix L. (Oak Ridge, TN); Meek, Thomas T. (Knoxville, TN)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Separations in the STATS report  

SciTech Connect

The Separations Technology and Transmutation Systems (STATS) Committee formed a Subcommittee on Separations. This subcommittee was charged with evaluating the separations proposed for the several reactor and accelerator transmutation systems. It was also asked to review the processing options for the safe management of high-level waste generated by the defense programs, in particular, the special problems involved in dealing with the waste at the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) facility in Hanford, Washington. Based on the evaluations from the Subcommittee on Separations, the STATS Committee concluded that for the reactor transmutation programs, aqueous separations involving a combination of PUREX and TRUEX solvent extraction processes could be used. However, additional research and development (R&D) would be required before full plant-scale use of the TRUEX technology could be employed. Alternate separations technology for the reactor transmutation program involves pyroprocessing. This process would require a significant amount of R&D before its full-scale application can be evaluated.

Choppin, G.R. [Florida State Univ., Tallahassee, FL (United States)

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

150

Gas Chromatography—Microwave-Induced Plasma for the Determination of Halogenated Hydrocarbons  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......microwave-induced plasma detector. The...generator (2450 MHz frequency) was...microwave-induced plasma in helium at atmospheric pressure as an...compounds with atmospheric pressure helium microwave induced plasma-atomic emission......

M.M. Abdillahi

1990-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

E-Print Network 3.0 - argon microwave plasma Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Vortex Stabilization of Microwave PlasmaMicrowave... Plasma a b 2 1 3 5 4 6 7 1- quartz tube of microwave plasma torch; 2 -original tangential gas feeder; 3... Numerical...

152

Product Standards for Microwaves (Japan) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Product Standards for Microwaves (Japan) Product Standards for Microwaves (Japan) Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Product Standards for Microwaves (Japan) Focus Area: Appliances & Equipment Topics: Policy Impacts Website: www.eccj.or.jp/top_runner/pdf/tr_microwaveoven.pdf Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.org/content/product-standards-microwaves-japan Language: English Policies: "Deployment Programs,Regulations" is not in the list of possible values (Deployment Programs, Financial Incentives, Regulations) for this property. DeploymentPrograms: Industry Codes & Standards Regulations: Appliance & Equipment Standards and Required Labeling This Energy Conservation Center Japan (ECCJ) document was created as a guide in response to its newly established set of standards and labelling

153

Microwave heating for adsorbents regeneration and oil sands coke activation.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Microwave heating has unique advantages compared to convection-radiation heating methods including fast heating rate and selective heating of objects. This thesis studied two applications of… (more)

Chen, Heng

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

Posters Preliminary Analysis of Ground-Based Microwave and Infrared...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3 Posters Preliminary Analysis of Ground-Based Microwave and Infrared Radiance Observations During the Pilot Radiation OBservation Experiment E. R. Westwater, Y. Han, J. H....

155

Microwave-Assisted Polymerizations: Recent Status and Future Perspectives  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Microwave heating is frequently used in the synthesis of polymers owing to the precise temperature and pressure control when using monomodal microwave synthesizer. ... Nguyen et al. investigated the homopolymerization of vinylcyclicsilazanes as well as their ability to be used in block copolymerizations with St.(19) The usage of microwave heating allowed the synthesis of higher molar mass polyvinylsilazanes (H-PVSZ) with an excellent control over the polymerization compared to conventional heating, which was attributed to the superior dielectric properties of the PVSZ mixture obtained by microwave irradiation. ... Time- and energy-consuming synthetic pathways that usually involve the use of volatile, flammable or toxic org. ...

Kristian Kempe; C. Remzi Becer; Ulrich S. Schubert

2011-07-13T23:59:59.000Z

156

E-Print Network 3.0 - active microwave medium Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

MA: Artech House, 1981... . 41 F. Ulaby, R. Moore, and A. K. Fung, Microwave Remote Sensing: Active and Passive, vol. 3. Norwood... Sat Passive Microwave Polarimetric...

157

E-Print Network 3.0 - analogue microwave photonics Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Engineering ; Materials Science 6 Abstract--A novel approach to generating a frequency-tunable microwave or sub-terahertz wave based on time-delayed Summary: , microwave...

158

E-Print Network 3.0 - aura microwave limb Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

measured by the Aura Microwave Limb Sounder (MLS) version 2... of the greenhouse effect. Nature, 342, 758-761. Read, W. G., and Coauthors, 2007: Aura Microwave Limb...

159

Microcellular foams via phase separation  

SciTech Connect

A study of wide variety of processes for making plastic foams shows that phase separation processes for polymers from solutions offers the most viable methods for obtaining rigid plastic foams which met the physical requirements for fusion target designs. Four general phase separation methods have been shown to give polymer foams with densities less than 0.1 g/cm/sup 3/ and cell sizes of 30..mu..m or less. These methods involve the utilization of non-solvent, chemical or thermal cooling processes to achieve a controlled phase separation wherein either two distinct phases are obtained where the polymer phase is a continuous phase or two bicontinuous phases are obtained where both the polymer and solvent are interpenetrating, continuous, labyrinthine phases. Subsequent removal of the solvent gives the final foam structure.

Young, A.T.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Actinide Lanthanide Separation Process – ALSEP  

SciTech Connect

Separation of the minor actinides (Am, Cm) from the lanthanides at an industrial scale remains a significant technical challenge for closing the nuclear fuel cycle. To increase the safety of used nuclear fuel (UNF) reprocessing, as well as reduce associated costs, a novel solvent extraction process has been developed. The process allows for partitioning minor actinides, lanthanides and fission products following uranium/plutonium/neptunium removal; minimizing the number of separation steps, flowsheets, chemical consumption, and waste. This new process, Actinide Lanthanide SEParation (ALSEP), uses an organic solvent consisting of a neutral diglycolamide extractant, either N,N,N',N'-tetra(2 ethylhexyl)diglycolamide (T2EHDGA) or N,N,N',N'-tetraoctyldiglycolamide (TODGA), and an acidic extractant 2-ethylhexylphosphonic acid mono-2-ethylhexyl ester (HEH[EHP]), dissolved in an aliphatic diluent (e.g. n-dodecane). The An/Ln co-extraction is conducted from moderate-to-strong nitric acid, while the selective stripping of the minor actinides from the lanthanides is carried out using a polyaminocarboxylic acid/citrate buffered solution at pH anywhere between 3 and 4.5. The extraction and separation of the actinides from the fission products is very effective in a wide range of HNO3 concentrations and the minimum separation factors for lanthanide/Am exceed 30 for Nd/Am, reaching > 60 for Eu/Am under some conditions. The experimental results presented here demonstrate the great potential for a combined system, consisting of a neutral extractant such as T2EHDGA or TODGA, and an acidic extractant such as HEH[EHP], for separating the minor actinides from the lanthanides.

Gelis, Artem V.; Lumetta, Gregg J.

2014-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "microwave separate dishwasher" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Tailoring The Microwave Permittivity And Permeability Of Composite Materials  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Tailoring The Microwave Permittivity And Permeability Of Composite Materials Kenneth M. Bober/Lowell, Lowell, MA 01854 ABSTRACT The microwave permittivity( r ) and permeability( r ) of composite materials. Polynomials are also used for the ferrite composites because it was determined that the MG theory was unable

Massachusetts at Lowell, University of

162

Gun Injection into a Microwave Plasma J. C. Sprott  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Gun Injection into a Microwave Plasma by J. C. Sprott May, 1970 Plasma Studies University high densities by rapid pulsed gun injection. TIlis no te describes measurements made -Cwo years ago in which a gun plasma was injected into a background microwave plasma of variable density in the toroidal

Sprott, Julien Clinton

163

Noise properties of mutually sustained microwave-optoelectronic oscillator pair  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Noise properties of mutually sustained microwave-optoelectronic oscillator pair E. Shumakher and G microwave-optoelectronic oscillator pair are described. The two oscillators have different spectral purities and exhibits low phase noise and highly suppressed spurious modes. Optoelectronic oscillators are employed

Eisenstein, Gadi

164

Tunable negative-tap photonic microwave filter based on a  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Tunable negative-tap photonic microwave filter based on a cladding-mode coupler and an optically injected laser of large detuning Sze-Chun Chan,* Qing Liu, Zhu Wang, and Kin Seng Chiang Department: A tunable negative-tap photonic microwave filter using a cladding-mode coupler together with optical

Chan, Sze-Chun

165

MICROWAVE-BASED NDE OF FRP-JACKETED CONCRETE STRUCTURES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MICROWAVE-BASED NDE OF FRP-JACKETED CONCRETE STRUCTURES Yoo Jin Kim, Franco De Flaviis University are presented in this paper. KEY WORDS: Microwave, Non-Destructive Evaluation (NDE), FRP Jacket, Imaging Technol not be visually observed. Various nondestructive evaluation (NDE) techniques have been studied to detect cracks

De Flaviis, Franco

166

Thermite powder ignition by localized microwaves Yehuda Meir, Eli Jerby  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, there is a considerable motivation to develop practical means to ignite pure thermites. Laser beams were found effectiveThermite powder ignition by localized microwaves Yehuda Meir, Eli Jerby Faculty of Engineering 2012 Keywords: Thermite Microwave heating Hotspots Thermal runaway Ignition a b s t r a c t This paper

Jerby, Eli

167

Thermite powder ignition by localized microwaves Yehuda Meir, Eli Jerby  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, there is a considerable motivation to develop practical means to ignite pure thermites. Laser beams were found effectiveThermite powder ignition by localized microwaves Yehuda Meir, Eli Jerby Faculty of Engineering Keywords: Thermite Microwave heating Hotspots Thermal runaway Ignition a b s t r a c t This paper presents

Jerby, Eli

168

Broadband microwave burst produced by electron beams  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Theoretical and experimental study of fast electron beams attracts a lot of attention in the astrophysics and laboratory. In the case of solar flares the problem of reliable beam detection and diagnostics is of exceptional importance. This paper explores the fact that the electron beams moving oblique to the magnetic field or along the field with some angular scatter around the beam propagation direction can generate microwave continuum bursts via gyrosynchrotron mechanism. The characteristics of the microwave bursts produced by beams differ from those in case of isotropic or loss-cone distributions, which suggests a new tool for quantitative diagnostics of the beams in the solar corona. To demonstrate the potentiality of this tool, we analyze here a radio burst occurred during an impulsive flare 1B/M6.7 on 10 March 2001 (AR 9368, N27W42). Based on detailed analysis of the spectral, temporal, and spatial relationships, we obtained firm evidence that the microwave continuum burst is produced by electron beams. For the first time we developed and applied a new forward fitting algorithm based on exact gyrosynchrotron formulae and employing both the total power and polarization measurements to solve the inverse problem of the beam diagnostics. We found that the burst is generated by a oblique beam in a region of reasonably strong magnetic field ($\\sim 200-300$ G) and the burst is observed at a quasi-transverse viewing angle. We found that the life time of the emitting electrons in the radio source is relatively short, $\\tau_l \\approx 0.5$ s, consistent with a single reflection of the electrons from a magnetic mirror at the foot point with the stronger magnetic field. We discuss the implications of these findings for the electron acceleration in flares and for beam diagnostics.

A. T. Altyntsev; G. D. Fleishman; G. -L. Huang; V. F. Melnikov

2007-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

169

Microwave photonics with Josephson junction arrays  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We introduce an architecture for a photonic crystal in the microwave regime based on superconducting transmission lines interrupted by Josephson junctions. A study of the scattering properties of a single junction in the line shows that the junction behaves as a perfect mirror when the photon frequency matches the Josephson plasma frequency. We generalize our calculations to periodic arrangements of junctions, demonstrating that they can be used for tunable band engineering, forming what we call a quantum circuit crystal. As a relevant application, we discuss the creation of stationary entanglement between two superconducting qubits interacting through a disordered media.

Zueco, David; Solano, Enrique; García-Ripoll, Juan José

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

New physics from the Cosmic Microwave Background  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

I review the present status of the Cosmic Microwave Background, with some emphasis on the current and future implications for particle physics. Conclusions are: gravitational instability in a dark matter dominated universe grew today's structure; the Universe remained neutral until z<~50; the CMB power spectrum peaks at 150<~l<~350; the large-scale structure of spacetime appears to be simple; something like inflation is something like proven; we will learn a great deal about cosmology, astrophysics and particle physics from MAP and Planck.

Douglas Scott

1999-11-17T23:59:59.000Z

171

Cosmic Microwave Background Tests of Inflation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Inflation provides a unified paradigm for understanding the isotropy of the cosmic microwave background (CMB), the flatness problem, and the origin of large-scale structure. Although the physics responsible for inflation is not yet well understood, slow-roll inflation generically makes several predictions: a flat Universe, primordial adiabatic density perturbations, and a stochastic gravity-wave background. Inflation further predicts specific relations between the amplitudes and shapes of the spectrum of density perturbations and gravity waves. There are now excellent prospects for testing precisely these predictions with forthcoming CMB temperature and polarization maps. Here I discuss these new CMB tests of inflation.

Marc Kamionkowski

1998-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

172

Energy Conservation Possibilities Using Gas Separating Membranes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The separation of gases using semi permeable membranes is a viable unit operation. A novel composite membrane combined with hollow fiber spinning technology enable Monsanto Co. to offer PRISM (TM); Separators to the industrial market. The separator...

Knieriem, H.; Henis, J. M. S.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Microwave Plasma Monitoring System For Real-Time Elemental Analysis  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Microwave Plasma Monitoring System For Real-Time Elemental Analysis Microwave Plasma Monitoring System For Real-Time Elemental Analysis Microwave Plasma Monitoring System For Real-Time Elemental Analysis The invention apparatus can also be used to monitor for the presence of halogens, sulfur and silicon. Available for thumbnail of Feynman Center (505) 665-9090 Email Microwave Plasma Monitoring System For Real-Time Elemental Analysis There has been invented a process for analyzing ambient air in a microwave induced plasma without use of an additional carrier gas. There has also been invented an apparatus for analyzing ambient air, other sample gas, or nebulized and desolvated liquids wherein a novel arrangement of plasma gas and sample gas conduits is used to enhance dependability of the plasma. This apparatus embodiment of the invention has a concentric arrangement of

174

Mobile system for microwave removal of concrete surfaces  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method and apparatus for the microwave removal of contaminated concrete surfaces. The apparatus comprises a housing adapted to pass over a support surface. The housing includes a waveguide for directing microwave energy to the surface at an angle maximizing absorption of microwave energy by the surface. The apparatus is further provided with a source of microwave energy operably associated with the waveguide, wherein the microwave energy has a frequency of between about 10.6 GHz and about 24 GHz and acts to remove the uppermost layer from the surface. The apparatus further includes a debris containment assembly comprising a vacuum assembly operably associated with the housing. The vacuum assembly is adapted to remove debris from the area adjacent the surface.

White, Terry L. (Oak Ridge, TN); Bigelow, Timothy S. (Knoxville, TN); Schaich, Charles R. (Lenoir City, TN); Foster, Jr., Don (Knoxville, TN)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

Container for heat treating materials in microwave ovens  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The efficiency of a microwave oven of a conventional two-source configuration and energy level is increased by providing the oven with a container for housing a refractory material to be treated. The container is formed of top and bottom walls transparent to microwaves while the sidewalls, in a circular configuration, are formed of a nonmetallic material opaque to microwave radiation reflecting the radiation penetrating the top and bottom walls radially inwardly into the center of the container wherein a casket of heat-insulating material is provided for housing the material to be heat treated. The reflection of the microwave radiation from the sidewalls increases the concentration of the microwaves upon the material being heat treated while the casket retains the heat to permit the heating of the material to a substantially higher temperature than achieveable in the oven without the container.

Holcombe, Cressie E. (Farragut, TN); Dykes, Norman L. (Oak Ridge, TN); Kimrey, Jr., Harold D. (Knoxville, TN); Mills, James E. (Knoxville, TN)

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Separations innovative concepts: Project summary  

SciTech Connect

This project summary includes the results of 10 innovations that were funded under the US Department's Innovative Concept Programs. The concepts address innovations that can substantially reduce the energy used in industrial separations. Each paper describes the proposed concept, and discusses the concept's potential energy savings, market applications, technical feasibility, prior work and state of the art, and future development needs.

Lee, V.E. (ed.)

1988-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

33rd Actinide Separations Conference  

SciTech Connect

Welcome to the 33rd Actinide Separations Conference hosted this year by the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. This annual conference is centered on the idea of networking and communication with scientists from throughout the United States, Britain, France and Japan who have expertise in nuclear material processing. This conference forum provides an excellent opportunity for bringing together experts in the fields of chemistry, nuclear and chemical engineering, and actinide processing to present and discuss experiences, research results, testing and application of actinide separation processes. The exchange of information that will take place between you, and other subject matter experts from around the nation and across the international boundaries, is a critical tool to assist in solving both national and international problems associated with the processing of nuclear materials used for both defense and energy purposes, as well as for the safe disposition of excess nuclear material. Granlibakken is a dedicated conference facility and training campus that is set up to provide the venue that supports communication between scientists and engineers attending the 33rd Actinide Separations Conference. We believe that you will find that Granlibakken and the Lake Tahoe views provide an atmosphere that is stimulating for fruitful discussions between participants from both government and private industry. We thank the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory and the United States Department of Energy for their support of this conference. We especially thank you, the participants and subject matter experts, for your involvement in the 33rd Actinide Separations Conference.

McDonald, L M; Wilk, P A

2009-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

178

Gas Separations using Ceramic Membranes  

SciTech Connect

This project has been oriented toward the development of a commercially viable ceramic membrane for high temperature gas separations. A technically and commercially viable high temperature gas separation membrane and process has been developed under this project. The lab and field tests have demonstrated the operational stability, both performance and material, of the gas separation thin film, deposited upon the ceramic membrane developed. This performance reliability is built upon the ceramic membrane developed under this project as a substrate for elevated temperature operation. A comprehensive product development approach has been taken to produce an economically viable ceramic substrate, gas selective thin film and the module required to house the innovative membranes for the elevated temperature operation. Field tests have been performed to demonstrate the technical and commercial viability for (i) energy and water recovery from boiler flue gases, and (ii) hydrogen recovery from refinery waste streams using the membrane/module product developed under this project. Active commercializations effort teaming with key industrial OEMs and end users is currently underway for these applications. In addition, the gas separation membrane developed under this project has demonstrated its economical viability for the CO2 removal from subquality natural gas and landfill gas, although performance stability at the elevated temperature remains to be confirmed in the field.

Paul KT Liu

2005-01-13T23:59:59.000Z

179

Analysis and control of the thermal runaway of ceramic slab under microwave heating  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Analysis and control of the thermal runaway of ceramic slab under microwave heating Changjun Liu of the dielectrics during microwave heating, in which there is a big jump of the steady-state temperature while the applied microwave power varies slightly. It hinders engineers in the applications of microwave heating

Sheen, Dongwoo

180

Ultrafast Microwave Hydrothermal Synthesis of BiFeO3 Nanoplates Riad Nechache,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

hydrothermal processes while requiring significantly less time and energy. In addition, we show that microwaveUltrafast Microwave Hydrothermal Synthesis of BiFeO3 Nanoplates Shun Li, Riad Nechache,§ Ivan and very rapid (1­2 min) microwave-assisted hydrothermal approach. We show that the microwave treatment

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "microwave separate dishwasher" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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181

Energy Efficiency Standards for Microwave Ovens Saves Consumers Energy and Updates the Social Cost of Carbon  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

EERE's new microwave standards will reduce carbon pollution and save consumers money on their energy bills.

182

Noise suppressing capillary separation system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A noise-suppressing capillary separation system for detecting the real-time presence or concentration of an analyte in a sample is provided. The system contains a capillary separation means through which the analyte is moved, a coherent light source that generates a beam which is split into a reference beam and a sample beam that irradiate the capillary, and a detector for detecting the reference beam and the sample beam light that transmits through the capillary. The laser beam is of a wavelength effective to be absorbed by a chromophore in the capillary. The system includes a noise suppressing system to improve performance and accuracy without signal averaging or multiple scans. 13 figs.

Yeung, E.S.; Xue, Y.

1996-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

183

Convex polytopes and quantum separability  

SciTech Connect

We advance a perspective of the entanglement issue that appeals to the Schlienz-Mahler measure [Phys. Rev. A 52, 4396 (1995)]. Related to it, we propose a criterium based on the consideration of convex subsets of quantum states. This criterium generalizes a property of product states to convex subsets (of the set of quantum states) that is able to uncover an interesting geometrical property of the separability property.

Holik, F.; Plastino, A. [Departamento de Matematica - Ciclo Basico Comun, Universidad de Buenos Aires - Pabellon III, Ciudad Universitaria, Buenos Aires, Argentina and CONICET (Argentina); National University La Plata and CONICET IFLP-CCT, C.C. 727 - 1900 La Plata (Argentina)

2011-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

184

Method to blend separator powders  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for making a blended powder mixture, whereby two or more powders are mixed in a container with a liquid selected from nitrogen or short-chain alcohols, where at least one of the powders has an angle of repose greater than approximately 50 degrees. The method is useful in preparing blended powders of Li halides and MgO for use in the preparation of thermal battery separators.

Guidotti, Ronald A. (Albuquerque, NM); Andazola, Arthur H. (Albuquerque, NM); Reinhardt, Frederick W. (Albuquerque, NM)

2007-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

185

Guayule resin separation and purification  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

fraction and reducing the presence of these terpenes to practically non-detectable levels in the polar fraction. A single component, as identified by gas chromatograph (GC) was also effectively extracted from the Texas A&M resins. Saponification..., using an FID Solvent fractionation of the Firestone resin between methanol and hexane was also apparently effective in separating the low molecular weight rubber. Figure 16 and Figure 17 show the gas chromatographs of the bottom phase (fraction "a...

Bajwa, Mohinder P.S.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Portable microwave instrument for non-destructive evaluation of structural characteristics  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A portable microwave instrument for evaluating characteristics of a structural member includes a source of microwave energy, a transmitter coupled to the source of microwave energy for transmitting a microwave signal at the structural member, and a receiver positioned on the same side of the structural member as the transmitter and being disposed to receive a microwave signal reflected by the structural member. A phase angle difference is determined between the transmitted microwave signal and the received microwave signal using a signal splitter and a balanced mixer. The difference in phase angle varies in accordance with differences in size, shape and locations of constituent materials within the structural member.

Bible, Don W. (Clinton, TN); Crutcher, Richard I. (Knoxville, TN); Sohns, Carl W. (Oak Ridge, TN); Maddox, Stephen R. (Loudon, TN)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Separation of Tritium from Wastewater  

SciTech Connect

A proprietary tritium loading bed developed by Molecular Separations, Inc (MSI) has been shown to selectively load tritiated water as waters of hydration at near ambient temperatures. Tests conducted with a 126 {micro}C{sub 1} tritium/liter water standard mixture showed reductions to 25 {micro}C{sub 1}/L utilizing two, 2-meter long columns in series. Demonstration tests with Hanford Site wastewater samples indicate an approximate tritium concentration reduction from 0.3 {micro}C{sub 1}/L to 0.07 {micro}C{sub 1}/L for a series of two, 2-meter long stationary column beds Further reduction to less than 0.02 {micro}C{sub 1}/L, the current drinking water maximum contaminant level (MCL), is projected with additional bed media in series. Tritium can be removed from the loaded beds with a modest temperature increase and the beds can be reused Results of initial tests are presented and a moving bed process for treating large quantities of wastewaters is proposed. The moving bed separation process appears promising to treat existing large quantities of wastewater at various US Department of Energy (DOE) sites. The enriched tritium stream can be grouted for waste disposition. The separations system has also been shown to reduce tritium concentrations in nuclear reactor cooling water to levels that allow reuse. Energy requirements to reconstitute the loading beds and waste disposal costs for this process appear modest.

JEPPSON, D.W.

2000-01-25T23:59:59.000Z

188

Anisotropic membranes for gas separation  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A gas separation membrane has a dense separating layer about 10,000 Angstroms or less thick and a porous support layer 10 to 400 microns thick that is an integral unit with gradually and continuously decreasing pore size from the base of the support layer to the surface of the thin separating layer and is made from a casting solution comprising ethyl cellulose and ethyl cellulose-based blends, typically greater than 47.5 ethoxyl content ethyl cellulose blended with compatible second polymers, such as nitrocellulose. The polymer content of the casting solution is from about 10% to about 35% by weight of the total solution with up to about 50% of this polymer weight a compatible second polymer to the ethyl cellulose in a volatile solvent such as isopropanol, methylacetate, methanol, ethanol, and acetone. Typical nonsolvents for the casting solutions include water and formamide. The casting solution is cast in air from about zero to 10 seconds to allow the volatile solvent to evaporate and then quenched in a coagulation bath, typically water, at a temperature of 7--25 C and then air dried at ambient temperature, typically 10--30 C. 2 figs.

Gollan, A.Z.

1987-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

189

Anisotropic membranes for gas separation  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A gas separation membrane has a dense separating layer about 10,000 Angstroms or less thick and a porous support layer 10 to 400 microns thick that is an integral unit with gradually and continuously decreasing pore size from the base of the support layer to the surface of the thin separating layer and is made from a casting solution comprising ethyl cellulose and ethyl cellulose-based blends, typically greater than 47.5 ethoxyl content ethyl cellulose blended with compatible second polymers, such as nitrocellulose. The polymer content of the casting solution is from about 10% to about 35% by weight of the total solution with up to about 50% of this polymer weight a compatible second polymer to the ethyl cellulose in a volatile solvent such as isopropanol, methylacetate, methanol, ethanol, and acetone. Typical nonsolvents for the casting solutions include water and formamide. The casting solution is cast in air from about zero to 10 seconds to allow the volatile solvent to evaporate and then quenched in a coagulation bath, typically water, at a temperature of 7.degree.-25.degree. C. and then air dried at ambient temperature, typically 10.degree.-30.degree. C.

Gollan, Arye Z. (Newton, MA)

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

High-Efficiency, Magnetized, Virtual-Cathode Microwave Generator  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Microwave generation by electron beams in virtual-cathode configurations can achieve significant power levels. However, most designs inherently have two competing mechanisms generating microwaves: the oscillating virtual cathode and the reflexing electrons. These mechanisms interfere destructively with each other. This paper reports investigation of a novel idea of using an external axial magnetic field and a thick anode with an appropriate collimating slot to extract the electron beam and to suppress the reflexing electrons. It was found that high-power, narrow-band, monochromatic microwaves could be generated with efficiency of 10% to 20%.

Thomas J. T. Kwan

1986-10-13T23:59:59.000Z

191

Anisotropies in the Cosmic Microwave Background: Theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Anisotropies in the Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) contain a wealth of information about the past history of the universe and the present values of cosmological parameters. I ouline some of the theoretical advances of the last few years. In particular, I emphasize that for a wide class of cosmological models, theorists can accurately calculate the spectrum to better than a percent. The specturm of anisotropies today is directly related to the pattern of inhomogeneities present at the time of recombination. This recognition leads to a powerful argument that will enable us to distinguish inflationary models from other models of structure formation. If the inflationary models turn out to be correct, the free parameters in these models will be determined to unprecedented accuracy by the upcoming satellite missions.

Scott Dodelson

1997-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

192

Information Gains from Cosmic Microwave Background Experiments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

To shed light on the fundamental problems posed by Dark Energy and Dark Matter, a large number of experiments have been performed and combined to constrain cosmological models. We propose a novel way of quantifying the information gained by updates on the parameter constraints from a series of experiments which can either complement earlier measurements or replace them. For this purpose, we use the Kullback-Leibler divergence or relative entropy from information theory to measure differences in the posterior distributions in model parameter space from a pair of experiments. We apply this formalism to a historical series of Cosmic Microwave Background experiments ranging from Boomerang to WMAP, SPT, and Planck. Considering different combinations of these experiments, we thus estimate the information gain in units of bits and distinguish contributions from the reduction of statistical errors and the `surprise' corresponding to a significant shift of the parameters' central values. For this experiment series, we...

Seehars, Sebastian; Refregier, Alexandre; Paranjape, Aseem; Akeret, Joël

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Compact microwave ion source for industrial applications  

SciTech Connect

A 2.45 GHz microwave ion source for ion implanters has many good properties for industrial application, such as easy maintenance and long lifetime, and it should be compact for budget and space. But, it has a dc current supply for the solenoid and a rf generator for plasma generation. Usually, they are located on high voltage platform because they are electrically connected with beam extraction power supply. Using permanent magnet solenoid and multi-layer dc break, high voltage deck and high voltage isolation transformer can be eliminated, and the dose rate on targets can be controlled by pulse duty control with semiconductor high voltage switch. Because the beam optics does not change, beam transfer components, such as focusing elements and beam shutter, can be eliminated. It has shown the good performances in budget and space for industrial applications of ion beams.

Cho, Yong-Sub; Kim, Dae-Il; Kim, Han-Sung; Seol, Kyung-Tae; Kwon, Hyeok-Jung; Hong, In-Seok [Proton Engineering Frontier Project, Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute, Daejeon 305-353 (Korea, Republic of)

2012-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

194

The Cosmic Microwave Background and Particle Physics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In forthcoming years, connections between cosmology and particle physics will be made increasingly important with the advent of a new generation of cosmic microwave background (CMB) experiments. Here, we review a number of these links. Our primary focus is on new CMB tests of inflation. We explain how the inflationary predictions for the geometry of the Universe and primordial density perturbations will be tested by CMB temperature fluctuations, and how the gravitational waves predicted by inflation can be pursued with the CMB polarization. The CMB signatures of topological defects and primordial magnetic fields from cosmological phase transitions are also discussed. Furthermore, we review current and future CMB constraints on various types of dark matter (e.g. massive neutrinos, weakly interacting massive particles, axions, vacuum energy), decaying particles, the baryon asymmetry of the Universe, ultra-high-energy cosmic rays, exotic cosmological topologies, and other new physics.

Marc Kamionkowski; Arthur Kosowsky

1999-04-09T23:59:59.000Z

195

Atomic Spectroscopy and Separated Isotopes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The advantages in the use of separated isotopes in atomic spectroscopy for the determination of nuclear momentsI ? Q and for studies of the isotope-shift phenomena are discussed. Illustrations of spectra are given for mercury uranium and samarium. In addition a summary is given of twenty-two so-called problem nuclei i.e. those naturally occurring isotopes for which the nuclear moments are completely uncertain. Concluding remarks are made on such problems as the evaluation of the absolute magnitude of isotope shifts the role of “forbidden transitions” in isotope spectra and the potential future value of spectro-isotopic assay techniques.

J. R. McNally Jr.

1952-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

Method for curing polymers using variable-frequency microwave heating  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for curing polymers incorporating a variable frequency microwave furnace system designed to allow modulation of the frequency of the microwaves introduced into a furnace cavity is disclosed. By varying the frequency of the microwave signal, non-uniformities within the cavity are minimized, thereby achieving a more uniform cure throughout the workpiece. A directional coupler is provided for detecting the direction of a signal and further directing the signal depending on the detected direction. A first power meter is provided for measuring the power delivered to the microwave furnace. A second power meter detects the magnitude of reflected power. The furnace cavity may be adapted to be used to cure materials defining a continuous sheet or which require compressive forces during curing. 15 figs.

Lauf, R.J.; Bible, D.W.; Paulauskas, F.L.

1998-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

197

Method for curing polymers using variable-frequency microwave heating  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for curing polymers (11) incorporating a variable frequency microwave furnace system (10) designed to allow modulation of the frequency of the microwaves introduced into a furnace cavity (34). By varying the frequency of the microwave signal, non-uniformities within the cavity (34) are minimized, thereby achieving a more uniform cure throughout the workpiece (36). A directional coupler (24) is provided for detecting the direction of a signal and further directing the signal depending on the detected direction. A first power meter (30) is provided for measuring the power delivered to the microwave furnace (32). A second power meter (26) detects the magnitude of reflected power. The furnace cavity (34) may be adapted to be used to cure materials defining a continuous sheet or which require compressive forces during curing.

Lauf, Robert J. (Oak Ridge, TN); Bible, Don W. (Clinton, TN); Paulauskas, Felix L. (Oak Ridge, TN)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

High-precision optical and microwave signal synthesis and distribution  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this thesis, techniques for high-precision synthesis of optical and microwave signals and their distribution to remote locations are presented. The first topic is ultrafast optical pulse synthesis by coherent superposition ...

Kim, Jung-Won, 1976-

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Virtual cathode microwave generator having annular anode slit  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A microwave generator is provided for generating microwaves substantially from virtual cathode oscillation. Electrons are emitted from a cathode and accelerated to an anode which is spaced apart from the cathode. The anode has an annular slit therethrough effective to form the virtual cathode. The anode is at least one range thickness relative to electrons reflecting from the virtual cathode. A magnet is provided to produce an optimum magnetic field having the field strength effective to form an annular beam from the emitted electrons in substantial alignment with the annular anode slit. The magnetic field, however, does permit the reflected electrons to axially diverge from the annular beam. The reflected electrons are absorbed by the anode in returning to the real cathode, such that substantially no reflexing electrons occur. The resulting microwaves are produced with a single dominant mode and are substantially monochromatic relative to conventional virtual cathode microwave generators.

Kwan, Thomas J. T. (Los Alamos, NM); Snell, Charles M. (Los Alamos, NM)

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Separations and safeguards model integration.  

SciTech Connect

Research and development of advanced reprocessing plant designs can greatly benefit from the development of a reprocessing plant model capable of transient solvent extraction chemistry. This type of model can be used to optimize the operations of a plant as well as the designs for safeguards, security, and safety. Previous work has integrated a transient solvent extraction simulation module, based on the Solvent Extraction Process Having Interaction Solutes (SEPHIS) code developed at Oak Ridge National Laboratory, with the Separations and Safeguards Performance Model (SSPM) developed at Sandia National Laboratory, as a first step toward creating a more versatile design and evaluation tool. The goal of this work was to strengthen the integration by linking more variables between the two codes. The results from this integrated model show expected operational performance through plant transients. Additionally, ORIGEN source term files were integrated into the SSPM to provide concentrations, radioactivity, neutron emission rate, and thermal power data for various spent fuels. This data was used to generate measurement blocks that can determine the radioactivity, neutron emission rate, or thermal power of any stream or vessel in the plant model. This work examined how the code could be expanded to integrate other separation steps and benchmark the results to other data. Recommendations for future work will be presented.

Cipiti, Benjamin B.; Zinaman, Owen

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "microwave separate dishwasher" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
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to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Development of a simple 2.45 GHz microwave plasma with a repulsive double hexapole configuration  

SciTech Connect

A simple and inexpensive 2.45 GHz microwave plasma source with a repulsive double hexapole configuration is described and characterized. In this work, the operation of the source is shown to be flexible in terms of electron density, electron temperature, and plasma uniformity even at low-pressures (approximately millitorr). It allows for easy control of the electron temperature (2-3.8 eV) and density ({approx}10{sup 9}-10{sup 10} cm{sup -3}) by removing either of the two hexapoles or by varying the separation distance between the two hexapoles. Characterization was done via information gathered from the usual Langmuir probe measurements for electron temperature and density. The source makes a resonant surface with its repulsive double hexapole magnetic configuration providing an additional longitudinal confinement near the walls midway between the two hexapoles. Magnetic field maps are presented for varying double hexapole distances. Power delivery for various settings is also presented.

Arciaga, Marko; Ulano, April; Lee, Henry Jr.; Lledo, Rumar; Ramos, Henry [National Institute of Physics, College of Science, University of the Philippines, Diliman, Quezon City 1101 (Philippines); Tumlos, Roy [Department of Physical Science and Mathematics, College of Arts and Sciences, University of the Philippines, Manila 1000 (Philippines)

2008-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

202

Collision and diffusion in microwave breakdown of nitrogen gas in and around microgaps  

SciTech Connect

The microwave induced breakdown of N{sub 2} gas in microgaps was modeled using the collision frequency between electrons and neutral molecules and the effective electric field concept. Low pressure breakdown at the threshold electric field occurs outside the gap, but at high pressures it is found to occur inside the microgap with a large threshold breakdown electric field corresponding to a very large electron oscillation amplitude. Three distinct pressure regimes are apparent in the microgap breakdown: a low pressure multipactor branch, a mid-pressure Paschen branch, both of which occur in the space outside the microgap, and a high pressure diffusion-drift branch, which occurs inside the microgap. The Paschen and diffusion-drift branches are divided by a sharp transition and each separately fits the collision frequency model. There is evidence that considerable electron loss to the microgap faces accompanies the diffusion-drift branch in microgaps.

Campbell, J. D.; Lenters, G. T. [Grand Valley State University, Allendale, MI 49401 (United States)] [Grand Valley State University, Allendale, MI 49401 (United States); Bowman, A.; Remillard, S. K., E-mail: remillard@hope.edu [Hope College, Holland, MI 49423 (United States)

2014-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

203

Exhaust gas treatment by an atmospheric pressure microwave plasma  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A microwave process for treating exhaust gases from internal combustion engines is presented. The exhaust gases are ionised by microwave energy at 2.45 GHz and the resultant plasma jet discharges into ambient air and exhaust gas environment. A gas analyser was used to measure the change in exhaust gas composition due to the influence of the plasma. Large decreases in CO2, CO and hydrocarbon levels, accompanied by an increase in NO levels, were found.

Carlos A. Destefani; Elias Siores

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Optomechanical microwave sensor at the sub-photon level  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Due to their low energy content microwave signals at the single-photon level are extremely challenging to measure. Guided by recent progress in single-photon optomechanics and hybrid optomechanical systems, we propose a multimode optomechanical transducer that can detect intensities significantly below the single-photon level via adiabatic transfer of the microwave signal to the optical frequency domain where the measurement is then performed. The influence of intrinsic quantum and thermal fluctuations is also discussed.

Keye Zhang; Francesco Bariani; Ying Dong; Weiping Zhang; Pierre Meystre

2014-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

205

Method and device for microwave sintering large ceramic articles  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A microwave sintering system and method are provided for extremely uniform sintering of large and/or irregular shaped ceramic articles at microwave frequencies of at least 28 GHz in the hundreds of kilowatts power range in an untuned cavity. A 28 GHz, 200 kw gyrotron with variable power output is used as the microwave source connected to an untuned microwave cavity formed of an electrically conductive housing through an overmoded waveguide arrangement which acts in conjunction with a mode promoter within the cavity to achieve unexpected field uniformity. The part to be sintered is placed in the cavity and supported on a removable high temperature table in a central location within the cavity. The part is surrounded by a microwave transparent bulk insulating material to reduce thermal heat loss at the part surfaces and maintain more uniform temperature. The cavity may be operated at a high vacuum to aid in preventing arcing. The system allows controlled increased heating rates of greater than 200.degree. C./min to provide rapid heating of a ceramic part to a selected sintering temperature where it is maintained by regulating the microwave power applied to the part. As a result of rapid heating, the extent of non-isothermal processes such as segregation of impurities to the grain boundaries are minimized and exaggerated grain growth is reduced, thereby strengthening the mechanical properties of the ceramic part being sintered.

Kimrey, Jr., Harold D. (Knoxville, TN)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

Guidelines For Developing Low Energy Separation Processes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A large portion of the energy required by the process industry is consumed by separation processes. This paper discusses current engineering techniques that can be used in the development and optimization of low energy separation processes....

Bojnowski, J. H.; Hanks, D. L.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

Separation of magnetic field lines  

SciTech Connect

The field lines of magnetic fields that depend on three spatial coordinates are shown to have a fundamentally different behavior from those that depend on two coordinates. Unlike two-coordinate cases, a flux tube in a magnetic field that depends on all three spatial coordinates that has a circular cross section at one location along the tube characteristically has a highly distorted cross section at other locations. In an ideal evolution of a magnetic field, the current densities typically increase. Crudely stated, if the current densities increase by a factor {sigma}, the ratio of the long to the short distance across a cross section of a flux tube characteristically increases by e{sup 2{sigma}}, and the ratio of the longer distance to the initial radius increases as e{sup {sigma}}. Electron inertia prevents a plasma from isolating two magnetic field structures on a distance scale shorter than c/{omega}{sub pe}, which is about 10 cm in the solar corona, and reconnection must be triggered if {sigma} becomes sufficiently large. The radius of the sun, R{sub Circled-Dot-Operator }=7 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 10}cm is about e{sup 23} times larger, so when {sigma} Greater-Than-Or-Equivalent-To 23, two lines separated by c/{omega}{sub pe} at one location can be separated by the full scale of any magnetic structures in the corona at another. The conditions for achieving a large exponentiation, {sigma}, are derived, and the importance of exponentiation is discussed.

Boozer, Allen H. [Department of Applied Physics and Applied Mathematics, Columbia University, New York, New York 10027 (United States)

2012-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

208

Cascade Performance for Large Separation Factors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Technical Paper / Argonne National Laboratory Specialists’ Workshop on Basic Research Needs for Nuclear Waste Management / Isotopes Separation

George Emanuel*

209

Device for hydrogen separation and method  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A device for hydrogen separation has a porous support and hydrogen separation material on the support. The support is prepared by heat treatment of metal microparticles, preferably of iron-based or nickel-based alloys that also include aluminum and/or yttrium. The hydrogen separation material is then deposited on the support. Preferred hydrogen separation materials include metals such as palladium, alloys, platinum, refractory metals, and alloys.

Paglieri, Stephen N. (White Rock, NM); Anderson, Iver E. (Ames, IA); Terpstra, Robert L. (Ames, IA)

2009-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

210

Application of a Microwave-Induced Helium Plasma Detector at Atmospheric Pressure for Gas Chromatographic Capillary Columns  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......microwave-induced plasma emission detector...microwave- induced plasma that operates at atmospheric pressure using helium...to within 1 cm of the plasma discharge. The quartz...Raytheon PGM-10X2 2450 MHz microwave power supply......

Stanley P. Wasik; Frederick P. Schwarz

1980-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

GEOMETRIC SOURCE SEPARATION: MERGING CONVOLUTIVE SOURCE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

adaptive beamforming algorithms by a cross-power criteria, we gain new geometric source separation with convo- lutive blind source separation. We concentrate on cross-power spectral min- imization which is su to ambiguities in the choice of separating lters. There are in theory multiple lters that invert the room

Parra, Lucas C.

212

Statistics of Cosmic Microwave Background Polarization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a formalism for analyzing a full-sky temperature and polarization map of the cosmic microwave background. Temperature maps are analyzed by expanding over the set of spherical harmonics to give multipole moments of the two-point correlation function. Polarization, which is described by a second-rank tensor, can be treated analogously by expanding in the appropriate tensor spherical harmonics. We provide expressions for the complete set of temperature and polarization multipole moments for scalar and tensor metric perturbations. Four sets of multipole moments completely describe isotropic temperature and polarization correlations; for scalar metric perturbations one set is identically zero, giving the possibility of a clean determination of the vector and tensor contributions. The variance with which the multipole moments can be measured in idealized experiments is evaluated, including the effects of detector noise, sky coverage, and beam width. Finally, we construct coordinate-independent polarization two-point correlation functions, express them in terms of the multipole moments, and derive small-angle limits.

Marc Kamionkowski; Arthur Kosowsky; Albert Stebbins

1996-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

213

Membrane separation processes for clean production  

SciTech Connect

Clean production can be considered as a strategic element in manufacturing technology for present and future products in the chemical industry. Demand is focused on the development of cost-effective technologies, the optimization of processes including separation steps, alternative processes for the reduction of waste, optimization of the use of resources and improvements in production efficiency. In many cases an environmentally friendly alternative to conventional separation processes could be membrane separation. Membrane separation techniques are suitable for mixtures of liquids, gases and vapors. Some examples of successful applications in the areas of waste water treatment and vapor recovery are given. Demands, advantages and problems of separation with membranes are also discussed.

Paul, D.; Ohlrogge, K. [GKSS Research Center, Geesthacht (Germany)

1998-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

214

Ignition characteristics of methane/air premixed mixture by microwave-enhanced laser-induced breakdown plasma  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A microwave-enhanced plasma generation technique was combined with laser-induced ignition to improve ignition characteristics. A locally intensified microwave field was formed near the...

Nishiyama, Atsushi; Moon, Ahsa; Ikeda, Yuji; Hayashi, Jun; Akamatsu, Fumiteru

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Process for strontium-82 separation  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A process for selective separation of strontium-82 and strontium-85 from proton irradiated molybdenum targets comprises dissolving the molybdenum target in a hydrogen peroxide solution to form a first solution containing ions selected from a group consisting of molybdenum, niobium, technetium, selenium, vanadium, arsenic, germanium, zirconium, rubidium, zinc, beryllium, cobalt, iron, manganese, chromium, strontium, and yttrium; passing the solution through a first cationic resin whereby ions selected from a group consisting of zinc, beryllium, cobalt, iron, manganese, chromium, strontium, yttrium a portion of zirconium and a portion of rubidium are selectively absorbed by the first resin; contacting the first resin with an acid solution to strip and remove the absorbed ions from the first cationic exchange resin to form a second solution; evaporating the second solution for a time sufficient to remove substantially all of the acid and water from the solution whereby a residue remains; dissolving the residue in a dilute acid to form a third solution; passing the third solution through a second cationic resin whereby the ions are absorbed by the second resin; contacting the second resin with a dilute sulfuric acid solution whereby the absorbed ions selected from the group consisting of rubidium, zinc, beryllium, cobalt, iron, manganese, chromium and zirconium are selectively removed from the second resin; and contacting the second resin with a dilute acid solution whereby the absorbed strontium ions are selectively removed. 1 fig.

Heaton, R.C.; Jamriska, D.J. Sr.; Taylor, W.A.

1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Integration of microwave and thermographic NDT methods for corrosion detection  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Infrastructure health monitoring is an important issue in the transportation industry. For the case of cement-based structures in particular detection of corrosion on reinforcing steel bars (rebar) is an ongoing problem for aging infrastructure. There have been a number of techniques that have shown promise in this area including microwave nondestructive testing (NDT) and thermography. Thermography is quite advantageous as it is an established method and can be utilized for large inspection areas with intuitive results. Typical heat sources include induction heating and flash lamps but these are not without drawbacks. Microwave nondestructive testing has also been successful at detecting corroded rebar but at the cost of lengthy scan times. This paper presents an investigation into the potential of utilizing aspects of microwave NDT and thermography to create a hybrid NDT method herein referred to as Active Microwave Thermography (AMT). AMT takes advantage of the electromagnetically lossy nature of corrosion byproducts and uses microwave energy to induce heat in the corrosion. Subsequently the resultant heat profile is captured using an infrared camera. This paper presents initial simulations and measurements that highlight the potential of AMT to detect corroded rebar.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

Reduction of Metal Oxides by Microwave Heating of Multi-walled...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Reduction of Metal Oxides by Microwave Heating of Multi-walled Carbon Nanotubes Microwave heating of a metal oxide in the presence of multi-walled carbon nanotubes may result in...

218

Electric Kettle Takes Down Microwave in Final Round of #EnergyFaceoff...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Electric Kettle Takes Down Microwave in Final Round of EnergyFaceoff Electric Kettle Takes Down Microwave in Final Round of EnergyFaceoff November 24, 2014 - 12:13pm Addthis The...

219

Journal of Microwaves and Optoelectronics, Vol. 2, N.o 6, December 2002.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Journal of Microwaves and Optoelectronics, Vol. 2, N.o 6, December 2002. Copyright SBMO ISSN 1516 one metric is not #12;Journal of Microwaves and Optoelectronics, Vol. 2, N.o 6, December 2002

Coello, Carlos A. Coello

220

Journal of Microwaves and Optoelectronics, Vol. 2, N.o 6, December 2002.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Journal of Microwaves and Optoelectronics, Vol. 2, N.o 6, December 2002. Copyright SBMO ISSN 1516 investigation is subsequently #12;Journal of Microwaves and Optoelectronics, Vol. 2, N.o 6, December 2002

Coello, Carlos A. Coello

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "microwave separate dishwasher" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Attosecond timing jitter modelocked lasers and ultralow phase noise photonic microwave oscillators  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Photonic microwave oscillator based on optical frequency comb and ultrastable optical reference cavity represents the state-of-the-art solution to generate X-band microwaves of ultralow phase noise. Such high-quality ...

Li, Duo, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Pyrolysis of Municipal Solid Waste for Syngas Production by Microwave Irradiation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the present study, we discuss the application of microwave-irradiated pyrolysis of municipal solid waste (MSW) for total recovery of useful gases and energy. The MSW pyrolysis under microwave irradiation hi...

Vidyadhar V. Gedam; Iyyaswami Regupathi

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

E-Print Network 3.0 - argon-helium microwave plasma Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and Medicine 63 Development of a Permanent-Magnet Microwave Ion Source for a Sealed-Tube Neutron Generator Summary: to efficiently couple the microwave energy into the plasma,...

224

0.6 cu. ft. (17 litre) capacity microwave 700 watts of cooking power  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Installation/yearly maintenance not included. Danby ENERGY STAR Mini Fridge (DCR88WDD) Danby Microwave (DMW608W

Lotze, Heike K.

225

In situ RF/microwave remediation of soil experiment overview  

SciTech Connect

Contaminant plumes are significant waste problems that require remediation in both the government and private sectors. The authors are developing an in situ process that uses RF/microwave stimulation to remove pollutants from contaminated soils. This process is more efficient than existing technologies, creates less secondary pollution, and is applicable to situations that are not amenable to treatment by existing technologies. Currently, the most commonly used process is soil vapor extraction. However, even when it is successful, this technology is energy inefficient. The authors objective is to combine RF/microwave energy application with soil vapor extraction to help mobilize and efficiently remove the soil contaminants, specifically demonstrating the viability of RF/microwave induced, in situ, soil remediation of light and dense non-aqueous phase liquids (LNAPL, DNAPL) contaminants.

Regan, A.H.; Palomares, M.E.; Polston, C.; Rees, D.E.; Roybal, W.T. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Ross, T.J. [Univ. of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM (United States)

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Purcell effect with microwave drive: Suppression of qubit relaxation rate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We analyze the Purcell relaxation rate of a superconducting qubit coupled to a resonator, which is coupled to a transmission line and pumped by an external microwave drive. Considering the typical regime of the qubit measurement, we focus on the case when the qubit frequency is significantly detuned from the resonator frequency. Surprisingly, the Purcell rate decreases when the strength of the microwave drive is increased. This suppression becomes significant in the nonlinear regime. In the presence of the microwave drive, the loss of photons to the transmission line also causes excitation of the qubit; however, the excitation rate is typically much smaller than the relaxation rate. Our analysis also applies to a more general case of a two-level quantum system coupled to a cavity.

Eyob A. Sete; Jay M. Gambetta; Alexander N. Korotkov

2014-01-22T23:59:59.000Z

227

Application of microwave solidification technology to radioactive waste  

SciTech Connect

The EPA has declared vitrification to be the Best Available Demonstrated Technology (BDAT) for High Level Radioactive Waste (40 CFR 268.42). Vitrification has been chosen as the method of choice for treating a number of radioactive residues and wastes in the DOE complex. Vitrification offers advantages of waste volume reduction, the ability to handle changing waste forms, and a stable, nonleachable final waste form. Microwave heating is a superior method for vitrification of radioactive wastes. Advantages of microwave heating include: (1) direct waste heating, eliminates need for electrodes, refractories and other consumables; (2) ``in-can`` processing allows for treatment of the material in its final container, (3) a mechanically simple system where the microwaves are generated away from the treatment area and transmitted to the treatment applicator by a wave guide, thus minimizing worker exposure to radiation; (4) easier equipment maintenance; and (5) a high degree of public acceptance.

Harris, M.; Sprenger, G.; Roushey, B.; Fenner, G.; Nieweg, R.

1995-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

228

Headquarters Separation Clearance Process | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Separation Clearance Process Separation Clearance Process Headquarters Separation Clearance Process When a DOE employee leaves the agency, either by resignation, transfer to another agency, termination or retirement, there is an important process to follow. There is important information that you need to know about your pay and benefits prior to leaving the agency. To set up an appointment to discuss further options, contact your servicing Human Resources Specialist. If you have made the decision to leave DOE, please notify your Administrative Officer as soon as possible so that they can assist you in completing this process in a timely manner. The Headquarters Separation Clearance Form 3293.1 must be completed prior to your separation in order for your clearance to be completed. At the time of your separation,

229

Optical control of microwaves with semiconductor n?i?p?i structures  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We control the microwave transmission of a GaAsn?i?p?i structure by illuminating it with a cw argon ion laser. Tests in a broadband microwave modulator wave spectrometer show that an optical intensity of 800 mW/cm2 produces a 50% change in transmission for microwaves between 10 and 50 GHz.

Alan Kost; Linda West; T. C. Hasenberg; Jeffrey O. White; Mehran Matloubian; George C. Valley

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Differential Damage in Bacterial Cells by Microwave Radiation on the Basis of Cell Wall Structure  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...consistent when the microwave radiation was repeated. Changes in the...NaCl was exposed to microwave radiation at 600 W, and its temperature...U200; Hitachi Co., Tokyo, Japan). All the experiments were...cells were treated by microwave radiation, the shape of the cells was...

Im-Sun Woo; In-Koo Rhee; Heui-Dong Park

2000-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Microwave and EUV Observations of an Erupting Filament and Associated Flare and Coronal Mass Ejections  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......feature was 5.51 MHz at 07:48 UT, and...High-Temperature Plasma to the Microwave...microwave emission from plasma below this temperature...case of a stratified atmosphere; then, the integrations...high- temperature plasma to the microwave...operating at 5743 MHz (5.2 cm), observed......

Costas E. Alissandrakis; Alexey A. Kochanov; Spiros Patsourakos; Alexander T. Altyntsev; Sergey V. Lesovoi; Nadya N. Lesovoya

2013-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

232

Microwave-assisted sample preparation of coal and coal fly ash for subsequent metal determination  

SciTech Connect

The aim of this paper is to review microwave-assisted digestion of coal and coal fly ash. A brief description of microwave heating principles is presented. Microwave-assisted digestion appears currently to be the most popular preparation technique, possibly due to the comparatively rapid sample preparation and the reduction of contamination, compared to the conventional hot-plate digestion methods.

Srogi, K. [Inst. of Chemical Processing of Coal, Zabrze (Poland)

2007-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

233

CAD Technique for Microwave Chemistry Reactors with Energy Efficiency Optimized for Different Reactants  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CAD Technique for Microwave Chemistry Reactors with Energy Efficiency Optimized for Different in experimental development of large- scale and highly-productive reactors. This paper proposes to address this issue by developing microwave chemistry reactors as microwave systems, rather than as black

Yakovlev, Vadim

234

Apparatus with moderating material for microwave heat treatment of manufactured components  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An apparatus for heat treating manufactured components using microwave energy and microwave susceptor material. Heat treating medium such as eutectic salts may be employed. A fluidized bed introduces process gases which may include carburizing or nitriding gases The process may be operated in a batch mode or continuous process mode. A microwave heating probe may be used to restart a frozen eutectic salt bath.

Ripley, Edward B. (Knoxville, TN)

2011-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

235

Axisymmetric Plasma-Optic Mass Separators  

SciTech Connect

A systematic description is given of the principles of operation of axisymmetric plasma-optic mass separators with azimuthators that are compatible with stationary plasma thrusters with closed electron drift. Two schemes of plasma-optic separators (with electrostatic and with magnetic ion focusing) are considered. Results are presented from calculations of the parameters of model devices for separating ions whose masses are on the order of those of xenon ions.

Morozov, A.I. [Nuclear Fusion Institute, Russian Research Centre Kurchatov Institute, pl. Kurchatova 1, Moscow, 123182 (Russian Federation); Savel'ev, V.V. [Keldysh Institute of Applied Mathematics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Miusskaya pl. 4, Moscow, 125047 (Russian Federation)

2005-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

236

General Aspects of Membrane Separation Processes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This chapter focuses on the current challenges of water and wastewater treatment aiming reuse. Membrane separation processes are presented and electrodialysis is compared to pressure driven membrane processes,...

Andréa Moura Bernardes

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

Separation of polar gases from nonpolar gases  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Polar gases such as hydrogen sulfide, sulfur dioxide and ammonia may be separated from nonpolar gases such as methane, nitrogen, hydrogen or carbon dioxide by passing a mixture of polar and nonpolar gases over the face of a multicomponent membrane at separation conditions. The multicomponent membrane which is used to effect the separation will comprise a mixture of a glycol plasticizer having a molecular weight of from about 200 to about 600 and an organic polymer cast on a porous support. The use of such membranes as exemplified by polyethylene glycol and silicon rubber composited on polysulfone will permit greater selectivity accompanied by a high flux rate in the separation process.

Kulprathipanja, S.; Kulkarni, S.S.

1986-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

238

Separation of polar gases from nonpolar gases  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Polar gases such as hydrogen sulfide, sulfur dioxide and ammonia may be separated from nonpolar gases such as methane, nitrogen, hydrogen or carbon dioxide by passing a mixture of polar and nonpolar gases over the face of a multicomponent membrane at separation conditions. The multicomponent membrane which is used to effect the separation will comprise a mixture of a glycol plasticizer having a molecular weight of from about 200 to about 600 and an organic polymer cast on a porous support. The use of such membranes as exemplified by polyethylene glycol and silicon rubber composited on polysulfone will permit greater selectivity accompanied by a high flux rate in the separation process.

Kulprathipanja, Santi (Hoffman Estates, IL); Kulkarni, Sudhir S. (Hoffman Estates, IL)

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Liquid phase thermal swing chemical air separation  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A temperature swing absorption separation of oxygen from air is performed with an oxygen acceptor of alkali metal nitrate and nitrite. 2 figs.

Erickson, D.C.

1988-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

240

Liquid phase thermal swing chemical air separation  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A temperature swing absorption separation of oxygen from air is performed with an oxygen acceptor of alkali metal nitrate and nitrite.

Erickson, Donald C. (Annapolis, MD)

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "microwave separate dishwasher" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Separation, Characterization and Initial Reaction Studies of...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Abstract: Magnetic and density separation methods have been applied to composite sediment sample from the Hanford formation from sediment recovered during drilling of an...

242

Celgard and Entek - Battery Separator Development  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Celgard and Entek Battery Separator Development Harshad Tataria R. Pekala, Ron Smith USABC May 19, 2009 Project ID es08tataria This presentation does not contain any...

243

USABC Battery Separator Development | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Program, and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation es007smith2011p.pdf More Documents & Publications USABC Battery Separator Development Overview...

244

The Quest for Ultimate Broadband High Power Microwaves  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Paper describes High Power Microwave research of combining GW peak power to achieve MV/m and GV/m radiated fields in 1 to 500 GHz band. To achieve such fields multiple independently triggered broadband GW sources, supplying power to multiple spatially distributed broadband radiators/antennas are used. Single TW array is used as an ultimate microwave weapon in 1 to 5 GHz range while multiple TW arrays provide GV/m radiating field at plasma frequencies in 300 GHz range leading to fusion power.

Podgorski, Andrew S

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Pressure History Measurement in a Microwave Beaming Thruster  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In a microwave beaming thruster with a 1?dimensional nozzle plasma and shock wave propagates in the nozzle absorbing microwave power. In this study pressure histories in the thruster are measured using pressure gauges. Measured pressure history at the thruster wall shows constant pressure during plasma propagation in the nozzle. The result of measurement of the propagating velocities of shock wave and plasma shows that both propagate in the same velocity. These result shows that thrust producing model of analogy of pulse detonation engine is successful for the 1D thruster.

Yasuhisa Oda; Masato Ushio; Kimiya Komurasaki; Koji Takahashi; Atsushi Kasugai; Keishi Sakamoto

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

Ultra high vacuum broad band high power microwave window  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An improved high vacuum microwave window has been developed that utilizes high density polyethylene coated on two sides with SiOx, SiNx, or a combination of the two. The resultant low dielectric and low loss tangent window creates a low outgassing, low permeation seal through which broad band, high power microwave energy may be passed. No matching device is necessary and the sealing technique is simple. The features of the window are broad band transmission, ultra-high vacuum compatibility with a simple sealing technique, low voltage standing wave ratio, high power transmission and low cost.

Nguyen-Tuong, Viet (Seaford, VA); Dylla, III, Henry Frederick (Yorktown, VA)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Ultra high vacuum broad band high power microwave window  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An improved high vacuum microwave window has been developed that utilizes high density polyethylene coated on two sides with SiOx, SiNx, or a combination of the two. The resultant low dielectric and low loss tangent window creates a low outgassing, low permeation seal through which broad band, high power microwave energy may be passed. No matching device is necessary and the sealing technique is simple. The features of the window are broad band transmission, ultra-high vacuum compatibility with a simple sealing technique, low voltage standing wave ratio, high power transmission and low cost. 5 figs.

Nguyen-Tuong, V.; Dylla, H.F. III

1997-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

248

Cryogenic resonant microwave cavity searches for hidden sector photons  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The hidden sector photon is a weakly interacting hypothetical particle with sub-eV mass that kinetically mixes with the photon. We describe a microwave frequency light shining through a wall experiment where a cryogenic resonant microwave cavity is used to try and detect photons that have passed through an impenetrable barrier, a process only possible via mixing with hidden sector photons. For a hidden sector photon mass of 53 $\\mu$eV we limit the hidden photon kinetic mixing parameter $\\chi cryogenic detector cavity to place new limits on the kinetic mixing parameter for hidden sector photons as a form of cold dark matter.

Parker, Stephen R; Povey, Rhys G; Tobar, Michael E

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

Cryogenic resonant microwave cavity searches for hidden sector photons  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The hidden sector photon is a weakly interacting hypothetical particle with sub-eV mass that kinetically mixes with the photon. We describe a microwave frequency light shining through a wall experiment where a cryogenic resonant microwave cavity is used to try and detect photons that have passed through an impenetrable barrier, a process only possible via mixing with hidden sector photons. For a hidden sector photon mass of 53 $\\mu$eV we limit the hidden photon kinetic mixing parameter $\\chi cryogenic detector cavity to place new limits on the kinetic mixing parameter for hidden sector photons as a form of cold dark matter.

Stephen R. Parker; John G. Hartnett; Rhys G. Povey; Michael E. Tobar

2014-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

250

Cryogenic resonant microwave cavity searches for hidden sector photons  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The hidden sector photon is a weakly interacting hypothetical particle with sub-eV mass that kinetically mixes with the photon. We describe a microwave frequency light shining through a wall experiment, where a cryogenic resonant microwave cavity is used to try and detect photons that have passed through an impenetrable barrier, a process only possible via mixing with hidden sector photons. For a hidden sector photon mass of 53???eV, we limit the hidden photon kinetic mixing parameter ?cryogenic detector cavity to place new limits on the kinetic mixing parameter for hidden sector photons as a form of cold dark matter.

Stephen R. Parker; John G. Hartnett; Rhys G. Povey; Michael E. Tobar

2013-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

251

Photonic microwave generation with high-power photodiodes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We utilize and characterize high-power, high-linearity modified uni-traveling carrier (MUTC) photodiodes for low-phase-noise photonic microwave generation based on optical frequency division. When illuminated with picosecond pulses from a repetition-rate-multiplied gigahertz Ti:sapphire modelocked laser, the photodiodes can achieve 10 GHz signal power of +14 dBm. Using these diodes, a 10 GHz microwave tone is generated with less than 500 attoseconds absolute integrated timing jitter (1 Hz-10 MHz) and a phase noise floor of -177 dBc/Hz. We also characterize the electrical response, amplitude-to-phase conversion, saturation and residual noise of the MUTC photodiodes.

Fortier, Tara M; Hati, Archita; Nelson, Craig; Taylor, Jennifer A; Fu, Yang; Campbell, Joe; Diddams, Scott A

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

EERE SBIR Case Study: Sonic Energy Improves Industrial Separation...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Sonic Energy Improves Industrial Separation and Mixing Processes EERE SBIR Case Study: Sonic Energy Improves Industrial Separation and Mixing Processes Advanced membrane separation...

253

Non-absorbing high-efficiency counter for itinerant microwave photons  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Detecting an itinerant microwave photon with high efficiency is an outstanding problem in microwave photonics and its applications. We present a scheme to detect an itinerant microwave photon in a transmission line via the nonlinearity provided by a transmon in a driven microwave resonator. With a single transmon we achieve 84% distinguishability between zero and one microwave photons and 90% distinguishability with two cascaded transmons by performing continuous measurements on the output field of the resonator. We also show how the measurement diminishes coherence in the photon number basis thereby illustrating a fundamental principle of quantum measurement: the higher the measurement efficiency, the faster is the decoherence.

Bixuan Fan; Göran Johansson; Joshua Combes; G. J. Milburn; Thomas M. Stace

2014-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

254

Encapsulated Metal Hydride for Hydrogen Separation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

concentration feed stock, not for low concentration � Hydrogen economy will need hydrogen recovery from lowEncapsulated Metal Hydride for Hydrogen Separation (Formerly Separation Membrane Development) DOE Hydrogen Program 2003 Merit Review and Peer Evaluation L. Kit Heung, Jim Congdon Savannah River Technology

255

Apparatus and process for separating hydrogen isotopes  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The apparatus and process for separating hydrogen isotopes is provided using dual columns, each column having an opposite hydrogen isotopic effect such that when a hydrogen isotope mixture feedstock is cycled between the two respective columns, two different hydrogen isotopes are separated from the feedstock.

Heung, Leung K; Sessions, Henry T; Xiao, Xin

2013-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

256

Passive gas separator and accumulator device  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A separation device employing a gas separation filter and swirler vanes for separating gas from a gasliquid mixture is provided. The cylindrical filter utilizes the principle that surface tension in the pores of the filter prevents gas bubbles from passing through. As a result, the gas collects in the interior region of the filter and coalesces to form larger bubbles in the center of the device. The device is particularly suited for use in microgravity conditions since the swirlers induce a centrifugal force which causes liquid to move from the inner region of the filter, pass the pores, and flow through the outlet of the device while the entrained gas is trapped by the filter. The device includes a cylindrical gas storage screen which is enclosed by the cylindrical gas separation filter. The screen has pores that are larger than those of the filters. The screen prevents larger bubbles that have been formed from reaching and interfering with the pores of the gas separation filter. The device is initially filled with a gas other than that which is to be separated. This technique results in separation of the gas even before gas bubbles are present in the mixture. Initially filling the device with the dissimilar gas and preventing the gas from escaping before operation can be accomplished by sealing the dissimilar gas in the inner region of the separation device with a ruptured disc which can be ruptured when the device is activated for use.

Choe, Hwang (Saratoga, CA); Fallas, Thomas T. (Berkeley, CA)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Passive gas separator and accumulator device  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A separation device employing a gas separation filter and swirler vanes for separating gas from a gas-liquid mixture is provided. The cylindrical filter utilizes the principle that surface tension in the pores of the filter prevents gas bubbles from passing through. As a result, the gas collects in the interior region of the filter and coalesces to form larger bubbles in the center of the device. The device is particularly suited for use in microgravity conditions since the swirlers induce a centrifugal force which causes liquid to move from the inner region of the filter, pass the pores, and flow through the outlet of the device while the entrained gas is trapped by the filter. The device includes a cylindrical gas storage screen which is enclosed by the cylindrical gas separation filter. The screen has pores that are larger than those of the filters. The screen prevents larger bubbles that have been formed from reaching and interfering with the pores of the gas separation filter. The device is initially filled with a gas other than that which is to be separated. This technique results in separation of the gas even before gas bubbles are present in the mixture. Initially filling the device with the dissimilar gas and preventing the gas from escaping before operation can be accomplished by sealing the dissimilar gas in the inner region of the separation device with a ruptured disc which can be ruptured when the device is activated for use. 3 figs.

Choe, H.; Fallas, T.T.

1994-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

258

Separation technologies: Marketing factors. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The chemical and petroleum industries consume approximately 5.8 quads per year of energy. Within these industries, 43% of the energy is used by separation processes to recover and purify products. With 40,000 distillation columns in operation, distillation is used to make 95% of all separations in these two industries. Although separations are identified which are amenable to advanced separation technologies (that make distillation more energy-efficient), they are not implemented because of commercial barriers. The focus of this work was on barriers which can by overcome by implementing advanced separation-related technologies. Barriers were screened and prioritized, and Return On Investment (ROI) was calculated for each project designed to overcome a high priority barrier. Economic analyses were based on specific separations such as ethylene-ethane, propylene-propane, ethyl benzene-styrene, and ethanol-water. These separations were selected because they consume significant amounts of energy for separation. Thus, conclusions are based on a limited number of case studies; an approach necessary to complete this project within a reasonable time frame. Recommended projects are discussed and summarized.

Humphrey, J.L.; Seibert, A.F.; Goodpastor, C.V.

1991-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Audio Source Separation using Sparse Representations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Audio Source Separation using Sparse Representations Andrew Nesbit1 , Maria G. Jafari1 , Emmanuel ABSTRACT We address the problem of audio source separation, namely, the recovery of audio signals from related to the windowing methods used in the MPEG audio coding framework. In considering the anechoic

Plumbley, Mark

260

Dual Magnetic Separator for TRI$?$P  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The TRI$\\mu$P facility, under construction at KVI, requires the production and separation of short-lived and rare isotopes. Direct reactions, fragmentation and fusion-evaporation reactions in normal and inverse kinematics are foreseen to produce nuclides of interest with a variety of heavy-ion beams from the superconducting cyclotron AGOR. For this purpose, we have designed, constructed and commissioned a versatile magnetic separator that allows efficient injection into an ion catcher, i.e., gas-filled stopper/cooler or thermal ionizer, from which a low energy radioactive beam will be extracted. The separator performance was tested with the production and clean separation of $^{21}$Na ions, where a beam purity of 99.5% could be achieved. For fusion-evaporation products, some of the features of its operation as a gas-filled recoil separator were tested.

G. P. A. Berg; O. C. Dermois; U. Dammalapati; P. Dendooven M. N. Harakeh; K. Jungmann; C. J. G. Onderwater; A. Rogachevskiy; M. Sohani; E. Traykov; L. Willmann; H. W. Wilschut

2005-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "microwave separate dishwasher" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
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to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Environmental assessment for the Satellite Power System (SPS) Concept Development and Evaluation Program (CDEP). [Microwave and non-microwave health and ecological assessment  

SciTech Connect

In the satellite power system (SPS), satellites in geosynchronous earth orbit would collect solar energy in space, convert it to microwaves, and transmit the microwaves to receiving antennas (rectennas) on earth. At the rectennas, the microwave energy would be converted to electricity. This SPS environmental assessment considers the microwave and nonmicrowave effects on the terrestrial environment and human health, atmospheric effects, and effects on electromagnetic systems. No environmental problem has been identified that would preclude the continued study of SPS technology. To increase the certainty of the assessment, some research has been initiated and long-term research is being planned.

Valentino, A.R.

1980-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Non-fusion applications of RF and microwave technology  

SciTech Connect

The processing of materials using rf and/or microwave power is a broad area that has grown significantly in the past few years. The authors have applied rf and microwave technology in the areas of ceramic sintering, plasma processing, and waste processing. The sintering of ceramics in the frequency range of 50 MHz-28 GHz has lead to unique material characteristics compared to materials that have been sintered conventionally. It has been demonstrated that sintering can be achieved in a variety of materials, including alumina, zirconia, silicon carbide, and boron carbide. In the area of plasma processing, progress has been made in the development and understanding of high density plasma sources, including inductively coupled plasma (ICP) sources. The effects of processing conditions on the ion energy distribution at the substrate surface (a critical processing issue) have been determined for a variety of process gases. The relationship between modeling and experiment is being established. Microwave technology has also been applied to the treatment of radioactive and chemical waste. The application of microwaves to the removal of contaminated concrete has been demonstrated. Details of these programs and other potential application areas are discussed.

Caughman, J.B.O.; Baity, F.W.; Bigelow, T.S.; Gardner, W.L.; Hoffman, D.J.; Forrester, S.C.; White, T.L.

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Electrically long vertical interconnects for microwave circuits and antennas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. . . . . 2 . . . . 3 . . . . 4 . 4 . 4 . 5 . . . . 5 . . . . 6 . . . . 7 A. Transmission Line Interconnects. . B. Electromagnetically Coupled lnterconnects . . . . . C. Conclusions . . . . . . 8 . . . 10 III FIDELITY SIMULATION 12 A. B. C. D... interconnects satisfying specifications set by Raytheon Systems Co. This research was sponsored by Raytheon Systems Co. RF/Microwave Division. A vertical interconnect couples transmission lines, antennas, and components between vertically spaced layers...

Coutant, Matthew Richard

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

264

Multi-modal transmission of microwaves through hole arrays  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. R. Evans, and J. R. Sambles, "Experimental verification of designer surface plasmons," Science 308Multi-modal transmission of microwaves through hole arrays James D. Edmunds,1,* Euan Hendry,1(5722), 670­672 (2005). 8. S. A. Maier, S. R. Andrews, L. Martín-Moreno, and F. J. García-Vidal, "Terahertz

Exeter, University of

265

ECRH microwave beam broadening in the edge turbulent plasma  

SciTech Connect

The influence of turbulent plasma density fluctuations on angular and spatial beam width is treated analytically in the framework of WKB based eikonal method. Reasonable agreement of analytical and numerical treatment results is demonstrated within the domain of quasi-optical approximation validity. Significant broadening of microwave beams is predicted for future ECRH experiments at ITER.

Sysoeva, E. V.; Gusakov, E. Z.; Popov, A. Yu. [Ioffe Institute, St. Petersburg, Russia and RL PAT SPbSPU, St. Petersburg (Russian Federation); Silva, F. da [Institute of Plasmas and Nuclear Fusion, IST, Lisbon (Portugal); Heuraux, S. [IJL UMR-7198 CNRS-Université de Lorraine, BP70239, 54506 Vandoeuvre Cedex (France)

2014-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

266

Experimental Investigation of Microwave Vulnerabilities in CMOS Inverters  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Experimental Investigation of Microwave Vulnerabilities in CMOS Inverters Agis A. Iliadis effects on single CMOS inverters, the fundamental building block of logic ICs, consisting of an NMOS and a PMOS transistor. The inverters were designed in our group and fabricated in the AMI-1.5µm MOSIS line

Anlage, Steven

267

International Microwave Power Institute 127 ANALYSIS OF OPERATIONAL REGIMES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for microwave heating. KEY WORDS: Electric field, dissipated power, micro- wave power, model, permittivity heating systems oper ating at 915 MHz is a standard feature protecting the magnetron from reflections LOAD E. Eves and V. Yakovlev Reflections, electric field and dissipated power of a 915 MHz water load

Yakovlev, Vadim

268

Microwave Radiometer – 3 Channel (MWR3C) Handbook  

SciTech Connect

The microwave radiometer 3-channel (MWR3C) provides time-series measurements of brightness temperatures from three channels centered at 23.834, 30, and 89 GHz. These three channels are sensitive to the presence of liquid water and precipitable water vapor.

Cadeddu, MP

2012-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

269

Flexible Graphene Field-Effect Transistors for Microwave Electronics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Flexible Graphene Field-Effect Transistors for Microwave Electronics Inanc Meric , Nicholas Petrone-frequency characteristics of graphene field-effect transistors (GFETs) has received significant interest due the very high carrier velocities in graphene. In addition to excellent electronic performance, graphene possesses

Shepard, Kenneth

270

Controlling Nanoparticle Aggregation in Colloidal Microwave Absorbers via Interface Chemistry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Controlling Nanoparticle Aggregation in Colloidal Microwave Absorbers via Interface Chemistry Brian ABSTRACT Interface chemistry can be implemented to modulate the aggregation and dispersion of nanoparticles of superparamagnetic magnetite nanoparticles in organic and aqueous solutions. With decrease in solution pH, individual

Stowell, Michael

271

Metal slits and liquid crystals at microwave frequencies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...the possible use of dual frequency materials to allow drive-on as well as drive-off. Unfortunately such dual-frequency materials have reduced...T Nomoto2002Microwave variable delay line using dual-frequency switching-mode liquid...

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Warren Place Apartment Community (287 Students / Co-ed by Apartment / Tier 3 Single Occupancy Fee)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, 72"wide x 24"deep x 30"high. Desks are designed with three modular components to allow the resident, a dishwasher, a microwave, a full-size refrigerator and a stove to be shared by all residents in the apartment. Extra microwaves and/or refrigerators brought by students are not allowed. #12;Bathrooms: Apartments

Kunkle, Tom

273

System to continuously produce carbon fiber via microwave assisted plasma processing  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for continuously processing carbon fiber including establishing a microwave plasma in a selected atmosphere contained in an elongated chamber having a microwave power gradient along its length defined by a lower microwave power at one end and a higher microwave power at the opposite end of the elongated chamber. The elongated chamber having an opening in each of the ends of the chamber that are adapted to allow the passage of the fiber tow while limiting incidental gas flow into or out of said chamber. A continuous fiber tow is introduced into the end of the chamber having the lower microwave power. The fiber tow is withdrawn from the opposite end of the chamber having the higher microwave power. The fiber to is subjected to progressively higher microwave energy as the fiber is being traversed through the elongated chamber.

White, Terry L; Paulauskas, Felix L; Bigelow, Timothy S

2014-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

274

Nuclear Separations for Radiopharmacy:? The Need for Improved Separations To Meet Future Research and Clinical Demands  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Nuclear Separations for Radiopharmacy:? The Need for Improved Separations To Meet Future Research and Clinical Demands ... Chemistry Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60439, and Department of Chemistry, The University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, Alabama 35487 ...

Andrew H. Bond; Robin D. Rogers; Mark L. Dietz

2000-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

275

Process for separating anthracite coal from impurities  

SciTech Connect

A process is described for separating a first mixture including previously mined anthracite coal, klinker-type cinder ash and other refuse consisting of: a. separating the first mixture to produce a refuse portion and a second mixture consisting of anthracite and klinker-type cinder ash, b. reducing the average particle size in the second mixture to a uniform size, c. subjecting the second mixture to a separating magnetic field to produce a klinker-type cinder ash portion and an anthracite coal portion.

Stiller, D.W.; Stiller, A.H.

1985-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

276

Membrane separation advances in FE hydrogen program  

SciTech Connect

Since its inception in Fiscal Year 2003 the US Office of Fossil Energy (FE) Hydrogen from Coal Program has sponsored more than 60 projects and made advances in the science of separating out pure hydrogen from syngas produced through coal gasification. The Program is focusing on advanced hydrogen separation technologies, which include membranes, and combining the WGS reaction and hydrogen separation in a single operation known as process intensification. The article explains the technologies and describes some key FE membrane projects. More details are available from http://www.fossil.energy.gov. 1 fig.

NONE

2007-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

277

A Vortex Contactor for Carbon Dioxide Separations  

SciTech Connect

Many analysts identify carbon dioxide (CO2) capture and separation as a major roadblock in efforts to cost effectively mitigate greenhouse gas emissions via sequestration. An assessment 4 conducted by the International Energy Agency (IEA) Greenhouse Gas Research and Development Programme cited separation costs from $35 to $264 per tonne of CO2 avoided for a conventional coal fired power plant utilizing existing capture technologies. Because these costs equate to a greater than 40% increase in current power generation rates, it appears obvious that a significant improvement in CO2 separation technology is required if a negative impact on the world economy is to be avoided.

Raterman, Kevin Thomas; Mc Kellar, Michael George; Turner, Terry Donald; Podgorney, Anna Kristine; Stacey, Douglas Edwin; Stokes, B.; Vranicar, J.

2001-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Methods of separating particulate residue streams  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A particulate residue separator and a method for separating a particulate residue stream may include an air plenum borne by a harvesting device, and have a first, intake end and a second, exhaust end; first and second particulate residue air streams that are formed by the harvesting device and that travel, at least in part, along the air plenum and in a direction of the second, exhaust end; and a baffle assembly that is located in partially occluding relation relative to the air plenum and that substantially separates the first and second particulate residue air streams.

Hoskinson, Reed L. (Rigby, ID); Kenney, Kevin L. (Idaho Falls, ID); Wright, Christopher T. (Idaho Falls, ID); Hess, J. Richard (Idaho Falls, ID)

2011-04-05T23:59:59.000Z

279

Separation Design Group LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Separation Design Group LLC Separation Design Group LLC Jump to: navigation, search Name Separation Design Group LLC Place Waynesburg, Pennsylvania Zip 15370 Product Separation Design Group is a research and product development firm established in 2003. Coordinates 39.896456°, -80.185769° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":39.896456,"lon":-80.185769,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

280

Electromagnetic Isotope Separation Lab (EMIS) | ORNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Electromagnetic Isotope Separation Lab Electromagnetic Isotope Separation Lab May 30, 2013 ORNL established the Stable Isotope Enrichment Laboratory (SIEL) as part of a project funded by the DOE Office of Science, Nuclear Physics Program to develop a modernized electromagnetic isotope separator (EMIS), optimized for separation of a wide range of stable isotopes. The SIEL is located in the Building 6010 Shield Test Station, space formerly allocated to the Oak Ridge Electron Linear Accelerator, on the main campus of ORNL. ORNL staff have designed and built a nominal 10 mA ion current EMIS (sum of all isotopes at the collector) in the SIEL. This EMIS is currently being tested to determine basic performance metrics such as throughput and enrichment factor per pass. This EMIS unit and space will be used to

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "microwave separate dishwasher" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Nuclear Separations Technologies Workshop Report 2011  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

i i NUCLEAR SEPARATIONS TECHNOLOGIES WORKSHOP REPORT November 7, 2011 FINAL TABLE OF CONTENTS Acronyms and Initialisms............................................................................................................ iii Executive Summary ...................................................................................................................... 1 1. Introduction ............................................................................................................................. 9 1.1 Overview .......................................................................................................................... 9 1.2 Background .................................................................................................................... 10

282

Hybrid Membranes for Light Gas Separations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Membrane separations provide a potentially attractive technology over conventional processes due to their advantages, such as low capital cost and energy consumption. The goal of this thesis is to design hybrid membranes that facilitate specific gas...

Liu, Ting

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

283

pH-biased isoelectric trapping separations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The classical isoelectric trapping (IET) technique, using the multicompartment electrolyzer (MCE), has been one of the most successful electrophoretic techniques in preparative-scale protein separations. IET is capable of achieving high resolution...

Shave, Evan Eric

2006-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

284

Electrochemically mediated separation for carbon capture  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Carbon capture technology has been proposed as an effective approach for the mitigation of anthropogenic CO[subscript 2] emissions. Thermal-swing separation technologies based on wet chemical scrubbing show potential for ...

Simeon, Fritz

285

Argonne In-Flight Radioactive Ion Separator  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

In-Flight Radioactive Ion Separator www.phy.anl.govairis B. B. Back, C. Dickerson, C. R. Hoffman, B. P. Kay, B. Mustapha, J. A. Nolen, P. Ostroumov, R. C. Pardo, K. E. Rehm, G....

286

Separation of carbon nanotubes in density gradients  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The separation of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs), by chirality and/or diameter, using centrifugation of compositions of SWNTs in and surface active components in density gradient media.

Hersam, Mark C. (Evanston, IL); Stupp, Samuel I. (Chicago, IL); Arnold, Michael S. (Northbrook, IL)

2012-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

287

Separation of carbon nanotubes in density gradients  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The separation of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs), by chirality and/or diameter, using centrifugation of compositions of SWNTs in and surface active components in density gradient media.

Hersam, Mark C. (Evanston, IL); Stupp, Samuel I. (Chicago, IL); Arnold, Michael S. (Northbrook, IL)

2010-02-16T23:59:59.000Z

288

Air separation with temperature and pressure swing  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A chemical absorbent air separation process is set forth which uses a temperature swing absorption-desorption cycle in combination with a pressure swing wherein the pressure is elevated in the desorption stage of the process.

Cassano, Anthony A. (Allentown, PA)

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Superstructure Optimization of the Olefin Separation Process  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, and C2~C5 components. Since we are mainly concerned with the recovery of ethylene and propylene, we Table 1: Separation technologies T1 Distillation column T2 Physical absorption tower T3 Membrane

Grossmann, Ignacio E.

290

Gaseous isotope separation using solar wind phenomena  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...isotope separation using solar wind phenomena Chia-Gee...essentially the same as that of the solar wind propagation, in which...the author was measuring solar wind parameters under Dr. H. S. Bridge at Massachusetts Institute of Technology in...

Chia-Gee Wang

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

USABC Battery Separator Development | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting, June 7-11, 2010 -- Washington D.C. es007smith2010o.pdf More Documents & Publications USABC Battery Separator Development Celgard...

292

Method for improved gas-solids separation  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Methods are disclosed for the removal of particulate solids from a gas stream at high separation efficiency, including the removal of submicron size particles. The apparatus includes a cyclone separator type of device which contains an axially mounted perforated cylindrical hollow rotor. The rotor is rotated at high velocity in the same direction as the flow of an input particle-laden gas stream to thereby cause enhanced separation of particulate matter from the gas stream in the cylindrical annular space between the rotor and the sidewall of the cyclone vessel. Substantially particle-free gas passes through the perforated surface of the spinning rotor and into the hollow rotor, from where it is discharged out of the top of the apparatus. Separated particulates are removed from the bottom of the vessel. 4 figs.

Kusik, C.L.; He, B.X.

1990-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

293

Protein separations using porous silicon membranes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

extraction, liquid/liquid extraction, and electrical processes. Of all of these, adsorption/chromatography and membrane separations are perhaps the most promising. According to Wong et al. (1987), chromatography offers very high selectivity but is riddled... heat transfer or heat generating equipment is necessary. The only utility required is electricity to drive pumps. A membrane separation unit operation can also be run at ambient temperature. When balanced against its drawbacks which include fouling...

Pass, Shannon Marie

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

A NOVEL CO2 SEPARATION SYSTEM  

SciTech Connect

Because of concern over global climate change, new systems are needed that produce electricity from fossil fuels and emit less CO{sub 2}. The fundamental problem with current CO{sub 2} separation systems is the need to separate dilute CO{sub 2} and pressurize it for storage or sequestration. This is an energy intensive process that can reduce plant efficiency by 9-37% and double the cost of electricity.

Robert J. Copeland; Gokhan Alptekin; Mike Cesario; Steven Gebhard; Yevgenia Gershanovich

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Inertial separator as a sediment control device  

SciTech Connect

The focus of this research was to address the feasibility of employing an inertial separator as a sediment control device on surface mined lands. A mathematical model has been developed to predict the sediment capture efficiency of this device on a particle size basis, and under alternative design construction conditions. The predicted performance of the inertial separator has been analyzed for a 10 year-24 hour storm generated from a contour mining operation in the Appalachian coal region. The inertial separator is designed to replace a sediment basin as the primary sediment control device. It is designed to be transported on one flat bed truck and could be modularized to facilitate a rapid installation. It has the advantages of relocation and reuse from one site to another, no moving parts, no energy requirements, simple construction, etc. The inertial separator is designed to reduce the problems common to sedimentation processes. The system uses the inertia of settling particles in accelerating flow to enhance separation, reduce short circuiting, and increase particle detention time (with a resultant increase in flocculation potential). A detailed design example is presented to indicate the expected sediment trap efficiency of the inertial separator for a sediment generated from a typical mining operation. Sediment and hydrologic inputs were determined using the SEDIMOT II model. Also, preliminary construction specifications are detailed.

Sterling, H.J.; Warner, R.C.

1984-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Adsorptive separation of propylene-propane mixtures  

SciTech Connect

The separation of propylene-propane mixtures is of great commercial importance and is carried out by fractional distillation. It is claimed to be the most energy-intensive distillation practiced in the United States. The purpose of this paper is to describe experimental work that suggests a practical alternative to distillation for separating the C[sub 3] hydrocarbons: adsorption. As studied, the process involves three adsorptive steps: initial separation with molecular sieves with heavy dilution with an inert gas; separation of propylene and propane separately from the inert gas, using activated carbon; and drying of the product streams with any of several available desiccants. The research information presented here deals with the initial step and includes both equilibrium and kinetic data. Isotherms are provided for propylene and propane adsorbed on three zeolites, activated alumina, silica gel, and coconut-based activated carbon. Breakthrough data are provided for both adsorption and regeneration steps for the zeolites, which were found to be superior to the other adsorbents for breakthrough separations. A flow diagram for the complete proposed process is included.

Jaervelin, H.; Fair, J.R. (Univ. of Texas, Austin, TX (United States))

1993-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Effect of microwave radiation on Jayadhar cotton fibers: WAXS studies  

SciTech Connect

Thermal effect in the form of micro wave energy on Jayadhar cotton fiber has been investigated. Microstructural parameters have been estimated using wide angle x-ray scattering (WAXS) data and line profile analysis program developed by us. Physical properties like tensile strength are correlated with X-ray results. We observe that the microwave radiation do affect significantly many parameters and we have suggested a multivariate analysis of these parameters to arrive at a significant result.

Niranjana, A. R., E-mail: arnphysics@gmail.com; Mahesh, S. S., E-mail: arnphysics@gmail.com; Divakara, S., E-mail: arnphysics@gmail.com; Somashekar, R., E-mail: arnphysics@gmail.com [Department of Studies in Physics, University of Mysore, Mysore-570006 (India)

2014-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

298

Microwave-Assisted Synthesis of Fluorescent Carbon Nanoparticles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MICROWAVE-ASSITED SYNTHESIS OF FLUORESCENT CARBON NANOPARTICLES A Thesis by BONNIE CHEN Submitted to the Office of Graduate and Professional Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree...-(hydroxymethyl) furfural (5- HMF) derivatives, which are major products of glucose decomposition. iv ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS This thesis was completed in my fourth year at Texas A&M University as a master's student, and analyzes, discusses and displays...

Chen, Bonnie

2014-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

299

Novel Birefringent Frequency Discriminator for Microwave Photonic Links  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

NOVEL BIREFRINGENT FREQUENCY DISCRIMINATOR FOR MICROWAVE PHOTONIC LINKS A Dissertation by JAE HYUN KIM Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree...-Division Multiplexing OPD Optical Path Length Different OVA Optical Vector Network Analyzer PBS Polarization Beam Splitter PM Phase Modulation PD Photodiode PDL Polarization Dependent Loss PLC Planar Lightwave Circuit QWP Quarter Wave Plate RAMZI Ring...

Kim, Jae Hyun

2013-04-22T23:59:59.000Z

300

Microwave studies of weak localization and antilocalization in epitaxial graphene  

SciTech Connect

A microwave detection method was applied to study weak localization and antilocalization in epitaxial graphene sheets grown on both polarities of SiC substrates. Both coherence and scattering length values were obtained. The scattering lengths were found to be smaller for graphene grown on C-face of SiC. The decoherence rate was found to depend linearly on temperature, showing the electron-electron scattering mechanism.

Drabi?ska, Aneta; Kami?ska, Maria [Faculty of Physics, University of Warsaw, ul. Ho?a 69, 00-681 Warsaw (Poland); Wo?o?, Agnieszka [Faculty of Physics, University of Warsaw, ul. Ho?a 69, 00-681 Warsaw, Poland and Institute of Physics, Polish Academy of Sciences, Al. Lotników 32/46, 02-668 Warsaw (Poland); Strupinski, Wlodek [Institute of Electronic Materials Technology, ul. Wólczyñska 133, 01-919 Warsaw (Poland); Baranowski, J. M. [Faculty of Physics, University of Warsaw, ul. Ho?a 69, 00-681 Warsaw, Poland and Institute of Electronic Materials Technology, ul. Wólczyñska 133, 01-919 Warsaw (Poland)

2013-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "microwave separate dishwasher" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Fabrication and characterization of aluminum airbridges for superconducting microwave circuits  

SciTech Connect

Superconducting microwave circuits based on coplanar waveguides (CPW) are susceptible to parasitic slotline modes which can lead to loss and decoherence. We motivate the use of superconducting airbridges as a reliable method for preventing the propagation of these modes. We describe the fabrication of these airbridges on superconducting resonators, which we use to measure the loss due to placing airbridges over CPW lines. We find that the additional loss at single photon levels is small, and decreases at higher drive powers.

Chen, Zijun; Kelly, J.; Barends, R.; Bochmann, J.; Chen, Yu; Chiaro, B.; Dunsworth, A.; Jeffrey, E.; Mutus, J. Y.; O'Malley, P. J. J.; Neill, C.; Roushan, P.; Sank, D.; Vainsencher, A.; Wenner, J.; White, T. C. [Department of Physics, University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106-9530 (United States); Megrant, A. [Department of Physics, University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106-9530 (United States); Department of Materials, University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106 (United States); Cleland, A. N.; Martinis, John M., E-mail: martinis@physics.ucsb.edu [Department of Physics, University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106-9530 (United States); California NanoSystems Institute, University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106-9530 (United States)

2014-02-03T23:59:59.000Z

302

Microwaves and Chemistry: The Catalysis of an Exciting Marriage  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of microwave catalysts employed. We should emphasize that water as a reactant is in the adsorbed state Oil the catalyst's sUlfaces. Indeed, both the hydrocarbon and water are adsorbed on the surfaces and the primary reaction of the oxidation takes place.... For this reason, it is important to realize that the methods of introducing and maintaining the concentrations of adsorbed water on the surfaces effectively control the efficiency and the selectivity of the oxidation products. This is equally true...

Wan, J.

303

Measuring plasma turbulence using low coherence microwave radiation  

SciTech Connect

Low coherence backscattering (LCBS) is a proposed diagnostic technique for measuring plasma turbulence and fluctuations. LCBS is an adaptation of optical coherence tomography, a biomedical imaging technique. Calculations and simulations show LCBS measurements can achieve centimeter-scale spatial resolution using low coherence microwave radiation. LCBS measurements exhibit several advantages over standard plasma turbulence measurement techniques including immunity to spurious reflections and measurement access in hollow density profiles. Also, LCBS is scalable for 1-D profile measurements and 2-D turbulence imaging.

Smith, D. R. [Department of Engineering Physics, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin 53706 (United States)

2012-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

304

Interfacing microwave qubits and optical photons via spin ensembles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A protocol is discussed which allows one to realize a transducer for single photons between the optical and the microwave frequency range. The transducer is a spin ensemble, where the individual emitters possess both an optical and a magnetic-dipole transition. Reversible frequency conversion is realized by combining optical photon storage, by means of EIT, with the controlled switching of the coupling between the magnetic-dipole transition and a superconducting qubit, which is realized by means of a microwave cavity. The efficiency is quantified by the global fidelity for transferring coherently a qubit excitation between a single optical photon and the superconducting qubit. We test various strategies and show that the total efficiency is essentially limited by the optical quantum memory: It can exceed 80% for ensembles of NV centers and approaches 99% for cold atomic ensembles, assuming state-of-the-art experimental parameters. This protocol allows one to bridge the gap between the optical and the microwave regime so to efficiently combine superconducting and optical components in quantum networks.

Susanne Blum; Christopher O'Brien; Nikolai Lauk; Pavel Bushev; Michael Fleischhauer; Giovanna Morigi

2015-01-23T23:59:59.000Z

305

Propagation in 3D of microwaves through density perturbations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Simulations using 3D and 2D full-wave codes have shown that edge filaments in tokamak plasmas can significantly affect the propagation of microwaves across a broad frequency spectrum, resulting in scattering angles of up to 46 degrees. Parameter scans were carried out for density perturbations comparable in width and amplitude to MAST filaments and the effect on the measured emission was calculated. 3D effects were discovered in the case of an obliquely incident beam. In general, the problem of EM propagation past wavelength-sized 3D inhomogeneities is not well understood, yet is of importance for both heating and diagnostic applications in the electron cyclotron frequency range for tokamaks, as well as atmospheric physics. To improve this understanding, a new cold-plasma code, EMIT-3D, was written to extend full-wave microwave simulations in magnetized plasmas to 3D, and make comparisons to the existing 2D code IPF-FDMC. This work supports MAST experiments using the SAMI diagnostic to image microwave emissio...

Williams, T R N; O'Brien, M R; Vann, R G L

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Asymptotic and measured large frequency separations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

With the space-borne missions CoRoT and Kepler, a large amount of asteroseismic data is now available. So-called global oscillation parameters are inferred to characterize the large sets of stars, to perform ensemble asteroseismology, and to derive scaling relations. The mean large separation is such a key parameter. It is therefore crucial to measure it with the highest accuracy. As the conditions of measurement of the large separation do not coincide with its theoretical definition, we revisit the asymptotic expressions used for analysing the observed oscillation spectra. Then, we examine the consequence of the difference between the observed and asymptotic values of the mean large separation. The analysis is focused on radial modes. We use series of radial-mode frequencies to compare the asymptotic and observational values of the large separation. We propose a simple formulation to correct the observed value of the large separation and then derive its asymptotic counterpart. We prove that, apart from glitc...

Mosser, B; Belkacem, K; Goupil, M J; Baglin, A; Barban, C; Provost, J; Samadi, R; Auvergne, M; Catala, C

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Metal Matrix Superconductor Composites for Flight-Weight Microwave Lightcraft Magnets  

SciTech Connect

Flight-weight superconducting magnets are designed for a 20-m diameter MicroWave LightCraft (MWLC). The twin coil unit with storage capacity of 900 MJ, is made of structural carbon fiber filaments with a superconducting MgCNi{sub 3} high current density film surface layer, imbedded in a beryllium stabilizer matrix of high electrical and thermal conductivity. These 'bucking' magnets run circumferentially about the lightcraft rim, and provide a 2-Tesla magnetic field necessary for the craft's hypersonic MHD slipstream accelerator. Each magnet is comprised of a single 22 cm diameter, hollow cylindrical cable made from metal matrix composites for superconductors (MMC lowbar Sc) with integral coolant passageways for circulating liquid-helium coolant to prevent the magnets from warming above the superconductive transition temperature. Each is suspended inside a 30-cm diameter toroidal vacuum tube, braced by a radial mesh of high-strength insulating fibers loaded in tension. For a coil separation distance of 1.4 m, each coil has a calculated mass of 1365 kg which is within 2x of the ultimate objective.

Gross, Dan A. [Superconducting Design and Devices, Niskayuna, NY (United States); Myrabo, Leik N. [Lightcraft Technologies, Inc., Bennington, VT (United States)

2008-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

308

Dry Dilution Refrigerator for Experiments on Quantum Effects in the Microwave Regime  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

At the Walther-Mei{\\ss}ner-Institut (WMI), a new cryogen-free 3He/4He dilution refrigerator (DR) has been completed; the cryostat will be employed to cool experiments on superconducting quantum circuits for quantum information technology and quantum simulations. All major components have been made at the WMI. The DR offers lots of space at the various stages of the apparatus for microwave components and cables. E. g., the usable space at the mixing chamber has a height of more than 60 cm and a diameter of 30 cm (mixing chamber mounting plate). To cool cables and cold amplifiers, the DR is equipped with a separate 4He-1K-loop which offers a cooling power of up to 100 mW near 1K. The refrigeration power of the still is 18 mW at 0.9 K; the diameter of its mounting plate is 35 cm. The cryostat rests in an aluminum trestle on air springs to attenuate building vibrations. It is precooled by a Cryomech PT410-RM pulse tube cryocooler (PTC) which is mechanically decoupled from the vacuum can of the cryostat by a bello...

Marx, A; Uhlig, K

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Anisotropy in the Microwave Sky: Results from the First Flight of BAM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Results are reported from the first flight of a new balloon-borne instrument, BAM (Balloon-borne Anisotropy Measurement), designed to search for cosmic microwave background (CMB) anisotropy. The instrument uses a cryogenic differential Fourier transform spectrometer to obtain data in five spectral channels whose central frequencies lie in the range 3.7 cm^{-1} to 8.5 cm^{-1}. The spectrometer is coupled to an off-axis prime focus telescope; the combination yields difference spectra of two regions on the sky defined by 0\\fdg 7 FWHM beams separated by 3\\fdg 6. Single differences obtained at ten sky positions show statistically significant fluctuations. Assuming Gaussian correlated anisotropy, for the band average 3.1 cm^{-1} to 9.2 cm^{-1}, one finds $\\Delta T/T = 3.1^{+3.1}_{1.1}\\times 10^{-5}$ (90% confidence interval) for a correlation angle of 1\\fdg 2. This corresponds to $Q_{flat} = 35.9^{17.7}_{6.3} \\mu K$ (1\\sigma).

G. S. Tucker; H. P. Gush; M. Halpern; I. Shinkoda; W. Towlson

1996-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

310

A microwave tomography system using a tunable mirror for beam steering  

SciTech Connect

Microwave tomography is a fast-growing technique in the fields of NDE and medical industry. This paper presents a new microwave tomography system which reduces the complexities of conventional microwave imaging systems by utilizing a reconfigurable mirror, a tunable reflectarray antenna. In order to build a tunable reflectarray with beam steering capabilities, the unit cell characteristics should dynamically alter. Modelling and experimental results of a single unit cell are presented in this work.

Tayebi, A. [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, College of Engineering, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824 (United States); Non-Destructive Evaluation Laboratory, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824 (United States); Department of Physic (United States); Tang, J. [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, College of Engineering, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824 (United States); Paladhi, P. Roy; Udpa, L.; Udpa, S. [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, College of Engineering, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824 (United States); Non-Destructive Evaluation Laboratory, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824 (United States)

2014-02-18T23:59:59.000Z

311

Method for separating disparate components in a fluid stream  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The invention provides a method of separating a mixed component waste stream in a centrifugal separator. The mixed component waste stream is introduced into the separator and is centrifugally separated within a spinning rotor. A dual vortex separation occurs due to the phase density differences, with the phases exiting the rotor distinct from one another. In a preferred embodiment, aqueous solutions of organics can be separated with up to 100% efficiency. The relatively more dense water phase is centrifugally separated through a radially outer aperture in the separator, while the relatively less dense organic phase is separated through a radially inner aperture.

Meikrantz, David H. (Idaho Falls, ID)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Separation Creek Geothermal Area | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Separation Creek Geothermal Area Separation Creek Geothermal Area Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Geothermal Resource Area: Separation Creek Geothermal Area Contents 1 Area Overview 2 History and Infrastructure 3 Regulatory and Environmental Issues 4 Exploration History 5 Well Field Description 6 Geology of the Area 7 Geofluid Geochemistry 8 NEPA-Related Analyses (0) 9 Exploration Activities (1) 10 References Area Overview Geothermal Area Profile Location: Oregon Exploration Region: Cascades GEA Development Phase: 2008 USGS Resource Estimate Mean Reservoir Temp: Estimated Reservoir Volume: Mean Capacity: Click "Edit With Form" above to add content History and Infrastructure Operating Power Plants: 0 No geothermal plants listed. Add a new Operating Power Plant Developing Power Projects: 0

313

A Vortex Contactor for Carbon Dioxide Separations  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Vortex Contactor for Carbon Dioxide Separations Vortex Contactor for Carbon Dioxide Separations Kevin T. Raterman (ratekt@inel.gov; 208-526-5444) Michael McKellar (mgq@inel.gov; 208-526-1346) Anna Podgorney (poloak@inel.gov; 208-526-0064) Douglas Stacey (stacde@inel.gov; 208-526-3938) Terry Turner (tdt@inel.gov; 208-526-8623) Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory P.O. Box 1625 Idaho Falls, Idaho 83415-2110 Brian Stokes (bxs9@pge.com; 415-972-5591) John Vranicar (jjv2@pge.com; 415-972-5591) Pacific Gas & Electric Company 123 Mission Street San Francisco, CA 94105 Introduction Many analysts 1,2,3 identify carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) capture and separation as a major roadblock in efforts to cost effectively mitigate greenhouse gas emissions via sequestration. An assessment 4 conducted by the International Energy Agency (IEA)

314

Assessment of microwave power flow for reflectometry measurements in tokamak plasmas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

measurements in tokamak plasmas P. -A. Gourdain a , W. A.are widely employed in tokamak fusion plasmas, and are alsoresearch devices, such as tokamaks, microwave reflectometry

Gourdain, P-A; Peebles, W. A.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Microwave Regenerated DPF for Auxiliary Power Units and Diesel Hybrid Vehicles  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Microwave regeneration of the DPF can be done without diesel fuel or a catalyst in less than 5 minutes with the engine off.

316

Electric Kettle Takes Down Microwave in Final Round of #EnergyFaceoff  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The final round of #EnergyFaceoff goes to the electric kettle! See how much it can save compared to a microwave when heating water.

317

Production of large resonant plasma volumes in microwave electron cyclotron resonance ion sources  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Microwave injection methods are disclosed for enhancing the performance of existing electron cyclotron resonance (ECR) ion sources. The methods are based on the use of high-power diverse frequency microwaves, including variable-frequency, multiple-discrete-frequency, and broadband microwaves. The methods effect large resonant ``volume`` ECR regions in the ion sources. The creation of these large ECR plasma volumes permits coupling of more microwave power into the plasma, resulting in the heating of a much larger electron population to higher energies, the effect of which is to produce higher charge state distributions and much higher intensities within a particular charge state than possible in present ECR ion sources. 5 figs.

Alton, G.D.

1998-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

318

E-Print Network 3.0 - aces microwave link Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Microw. Theory Tech., vol... 1 Abstract-- A novel approach to generating a frequency- tunable microwave or sub-terahertz wave... a dispersive fiber. By applying these optical...

319

Microwave vs. Electric Kettle: Which Appliance Is in Hot Water in #EnergyFaceoff Round 4?  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

In the final #EnergyFaceoff round, the electric kettle takes on the microwave for the honor of heating your water.

320

Microwave cavity searches for dark-matter axions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Recent determinations of cosmological parameters point to a flat Universe, whose total energy density is composed of about two-thirds vacuum energy and one-third matter. Ordinary baryonic matter is relegated to a small fraction of the latter, within which the luminous part is an order of magnitude smaller yet. Particle dark matter, i.e., one or more relic particle species from the big bang, is thus strongly suggested as the dominant component of matter in the Universe. The axion, a hypothetical elementary pseudoscalar arising from the Peccei-Quinn solution to the strong-CP problem, is a well-motivated candidate. If the axion exists, it must be extremely light, in the mass range of 10-6–10-3 eV, and possess extraordinarily feeble couplings to matter and radiation. Nevertheless, as proposed by Sikivie in 1983, the axion’s two-photon coupling lends itself to a feasible search strategy with currently available technology. In this scheme, axions resonantly convert to single microwave photons by a Primakoff interaction, in a tunable microwave cavity permeated by a strong magnetic field. Present experiments utilizing heterostructure transistor microwave amplifiers have achieved total system noise temperatures of ?3 K and represent the world’s quietest spectral radio receivers. Exclusion regions have already been published well into the band of realistic axion model couplings, within the lowest decade of mass range. Recent breakthroughs in the development of near-quantum-limited superconducting quantum interference device amplifiers should reduce the system noise temperature to ?100 mK or less. Ongoing research into using Rydberg-atom single-quantum detectors as the detector in a microwave cavity experiment could further reduce the effective noise temperature. In parallel with improvements in amplifier technology, promising concepts for higher-frequency cavity resonators are being explored to open up the higher decades in mass range. Definitive experiments to find or exclude the axion may therefore be at hand in the next few years. As the microwave cavity technique measures the total energy of the axion, a positive discovery could well reveal fine structure of the signal due to flows of nonthermalized axions. Manifesting diurnal and sidereal modulation, such detailed features would contain a wealth of information about the history, structure, and dynamics of our Milky Way galaxy.

Richard Bradley; John Clarke; Darin Kinion; Leslie J Rosenberg; Karl van Bibber; Seishi Matsuki; Michael Mück; Pierre Sikivie

2003-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "microwave separate dishwasher" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Tax consequences of separating corporate businesses  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Lips ARY g ~ggpgF ep &Ex' TAX CONSEQUENCES OP SEPARATING CORPORATE BUSINESSES A Thesis Gordon D. Zuber Submitted to the Graduate School of the Agricultural and lNechanical College of Texas in partial fulfillment of the requirements... for the Degree of MASTER OP BUSINESS ADl/iliVISTRAT ION August 1958 Ma)or Subject: Accounting TAX CONSEQUENCES OP SEPARATING CORPORATE BUSINESSES A Thesis Gordon D. Zuber Approved as to style and content by: Chairman of the Committee ead. o the Divas...

Zuber, Gordon Dewey

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

322

Straight-line separation of two polyhedra  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

STRAIGHT-LINE SEPARATION OF TWO POLYHEDRA A Thesis by SU-HUA WANG Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas ARM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1992 Major Subject...: Computer Science STRAIGHT-LINE SEPARATION OF TWO POLYHEDRA A Thesis by SU-HUA WANG Approved as to style and content by: Jan Wolter hair of Committee) Donald K. Friesen (Member) esa O. alav ( ember) Richard A, Volz (Head of Department) December...

Wang, Su-Hua

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Novel Metallic Membranes for Hydrogen Separation  

SciTech Connect

To reduce dependence on oil and emission of greenhouse gases, hydrogen is favored as an energy carrier for the near future. Hydrogen can be converted to electrical energy utilizing fuel cells and turbines. One way to produce hydrogen is to gasify coal which is abundant in the U.S. The coal gasification produces syngas from which hydrogen is then separated. Designing metallic alloys for hydrogen separation membranes which will work in a syngas environment poses significant challenges. In this presentation, a review of technical targets, metallic membrane development activities at NETL and challenges that are facing the development of new technologies will be given.

Dogan, Omer

2011-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

324

Separation of strontium from fecal matter  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method is presented of separating strontium from a sample of biomass potentially contaminated with various radionuclides. After the sample is reduced, dissociated, and carried on a first precipitate of actinides, the first precipitate is removed to leave a supernate. Next, oxalic acid is added to the supernate to cause a second precipitate of strontium and calcium. Then, after separating the second precipitate, nitric acid is added to the second precipitate to cause a third precipitate of strontium. The calcium remains in solution and is discarded to leave essentially the precipitate of strontium.

Kester, D.K.

1995-01-03T23:59:59.000Z

325

Separation of strontium from fecal matter  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method of separating strontium from a sample of biomass potentially contaminated with various radionuclides. After the sample is reduced, dissociated, and carried on a first precipitate of actinides, the first precipitate is removed to leave a supernate. Next, oxalic acid is added to the supernate to cause a second precipitate of strontium and calcium. Then, after separating the second precipitate, nitric acid is added to the second precipitate to cause a third precipitate of strontium. The calcium remains in solution and is discarded to leave essentially the precipitate of strontium.

Kester, Dianne K. (Idaho Falls, ID)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Frustrated phase separation and high temperature superconductivity  

SciTech Connect

A dilute system of neutral holes in an antiferromagnet separates into a hole-rich and a hole-poor phase. The phase separation is frustrated by long-range Coulomb interactions but, provided the dielectric constant is sufficiently large, there remain large-amplitude low-energy fluctuations in the hole density at intermediate length scales. The extensive experimental evidence showing that this behavior giver, a reasonable picture of high temperature superconductors is surveyed. Further, it is shown that the scattering of mobile holes from the local density fluctuations may account for the anomalous normal-state properties of high temperature superconductors and also provide the mechanism of pairing.

Emery, V.J. [Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States); Kivelson, S.A. [California Univ., Los Angeles, CA (United States). Dept. of Physics

1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Frustrated phase separation and high temperature superconductivity  

SciTech Connect

A dilute system of neutral holes in an antiferromagnet separates into a hole-rich and a hole-poor phase. The phase separation is frustrated by long-range Coulomb interactions but, provided the dielectric constant is sufficiently large, there remain large-amplitude low-energy fluctuations in the hole density at intermediate length scales. The extensive experimental evidence showing that this behavior giver, a reasonable picture of high temperature superconductors is surveyed. Further, it is shown that the scattering of mobile holes from the local density fluctuations may account for the anomalous normal-state properties of high temperature superconductors and also provide the mechanism of pairing.

Emery, V.J. (Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States)); Kivelson, S.A. (California Univ., Los Angeles, CA (United States). Dept. of Physics)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

Word Pro - Untitled1  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Household End Uses: Fuel Types, Appliances, and Electronics Household End Uses: Fuel Types, Appliances, and Electronics Share of Households With Selected Appliances, 1980 and 2009 Space Heating by Main Fuel, 2009 Share of Households With Selected Electronics, 1997 and 2009 Air-Conditioning Equipment, 1980 and 2009 54 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 1 Natural gas and electric. 2 Liquefied petroleum gases. 3 Includes kerosene. 4 Coal, solar, other fuel, or no heating equipment. 5 Video Cassette Recorder. 6 Digital Video Recorder. 7 Not collected in 1997. Note: Total may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding. Source: Table 2.6. 77 23 30 82 79 59 96 86 14 38 74 61 37 14 One Two or More Separate Clothes Clothes Dishwasher Microwave 0 20 40 60 80 100 Percent 1980 2009 1980 2009 0 20 40 60 80 100 Percent

329

EA-1662: Final Environmental Assessment | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

62: Final Environmental Assessment 62: Final Environmental Assessment EA-1662: Final Environmental Assessment 10 CFR Part 430 Energy Conservation Program: EnergyConservation Standards for Certain Consumer Products (Dishwashers, Dehumidifiers, Microwave Ovens, and Electric and Gas Kitchen Ranges and Ovens) This chapter describes potential environmental effects that may result from amended energy conservation standards for residential cooking products and commercial clothes washers. Environmental Assessment for 10 CFR Part 430 Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Certain Consumer Products (Dishwashers, Dehumidifiers, Microwave Ovens, and Electric and Gas Kitchen Ranges and Ovens) and for Certain Commercial and Industrial Equipment (Commercial Clothes Washers), DOE/EA-1662 (April 2009)

330

Numerical Simulations of Synthetic Jet Based Separation Control in a Canonical Separated Flow  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

first superharmonic is found to result in optimal control of the mean separation bubble. The stability and blunt trailing edge at zero incidence in a free-stream. A separation bubble of prescribed size in terms of local linear stability theory based on the Orr�Sommerfeld equation. The numerical results

Mittal, Rajat

331

Gas Separation With Graphene Membranes By Will Soutter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Gas Separation With Graphene Membranes By Will Soutter Introduction What is Graphene? Benefits of Graphene in Gas Separation Membranes Recent Developments Conclusion References Introduction The separation applications including fuel cells, batteries, gas sensors and gas purification. The materials

Bunch, Scott

332

Corn Wet Milling: Separation Chemistry and Technology  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Publisher Summary This chapter focuses on the separation chemistry and technology of corn wet milling. The purpose of corn wet milling is to separate the kernel into its constituent chemical components. Wet milling processing begins with steeping whole kernel corn in an aqueous solution of sulfur dioxide and lactic acid (produced by microorganisms) at 50°C for 24–48 hours. The corn is then coarsely ground and the lipid-containing germ and fibrous hull portions are separated. After the remaining components are more finely ground, the starch and protein are separated using hydrocyclones, essentially continuous centrifuges; corn starch is slightly denser than corn protein. Germ is further processed into oil and the protein and fiber components are usually blended and used as animal feeds. The wet starch is either dried, chemically modified to change its functional properties, converted into intermediate-sized glucose polymers, or fully depolymerized into sugars. Starch is also often used as a raw ingredient for adjacent processing facilities that produce ethanol or other alcohols and other industrial chemicals.

David S. Jackson; Donald L. Shandera Jr.

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Gaseous isotope separation using solar wind phenomena  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...the use of light carrier gas, a necessity that greatly...the separative process. Gases with low molecular weight...manner similar to that of a turbine, can be placed just outside...the calculation of light gases, we have not included...the author was measuring solar wind parameters under...

Chia-Gee Wang

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Cellular/Molecular Separate Ca2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cellular/Molecular Separate Ca2 Sources Are Buffered by Distinct Ca2 Handling Systems in Aplysia's University, Kingston, Ontario K7L 3N6, Canada AlthoughthecontributionofCa2 bufferingsystemscanvarybetweenneuronaltypesandcellularcompartments,itisunknownwhether distinct Ca2 sources within a neuron have different buffers. As individual Ca2

Blohm, Gunnar

335

Composite hydrogen separation element and module  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

There are disclosed improvements in multicomponent composite metal membranes useful for the separation of hydrogen, the improvements comprising the provision of a flexible porous intermediate layer between a support layer and a nonporous hydrogen-permeable coating metal layer, and the provision of a textured coating metal layer. 15 figs.

Edlund, D.J.

1996-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

336

Landau theory of phase separation in cuprates  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

I discuss the problem of phase separation in cuprates from the point of view of the Landau theory of Fermi liquids. I calculate the rate of growth of unstable regions for the hydrodynamics and collisionless limit and, in presence of long-range Coulomb interactions, the size of these regions. These are analytic results valid for any strength of the Landau parameters.

A. H. Castro Neto

1995-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

Chromatographic Separations of Enantiomers and Underivatized Oligosaccharides  

SciTech Connect

My graduate research has focused on separation science and bioanalytical analysis, which emphasized in method development. It includes three major areas: enantiomeric separations using high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), Super/subcritical fluid chromatography (SFC), and capillary electrophoresis (CE); drug-protein binding behavior studies using CE; and carbohydrate analysis using liquid chromatograph-electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (LC-ESI-MS). Enantiomeric separations continue to be extremely important in the pharmaceutical industry. An in-depth evaluation of the enantiomeric separation capabilities of macrocyclic glycopeptides CSPs with SFC mobile phases was investigated using a set of over 100 chiral compounds. It was found that the macrocyclic based CSPs were able to separate enantiomers of various compounds with different polarities and functionalities. Seventy percent of all separations were achieved in less than 4 min due to the high flow rate (4.0 ml/min) that can be used in SFC. Drug-protein binding is an important process in determining the activity and fate of a drug once it enters the body. Two drug/protein systems have been studied using frontal analysis CE method. More sensitive fluorescence detection was introduced in this assay, which overcame the problem of low sensitivity that is common when using UV detection for drug-protein studies. In addition, the first usage of an argon ion laser with 257 nm beam coupled with CCD camera as a frontal analysis detection method enabled the simultaneous observation of drug fluorescence as well as the protein fluorescence. LC-ESI-MS was used for the separation and characterization of underivatized oligosaccharide mixtures. With the limits of detection as low as 50 picograms, all individual components of oligosaccharide mixtures (up to 11 glucose-units long) were baseline resolved on a Cyclobond I 2000 column and detected using ESI-MS. This system is characterized by high chromatographic resolution, high column stability, and high sensitivity. In addition, this method showed potential usefulness for the sensitive and quick analysis of hydrolysis products of polysaccharides, and for trace level analysis of individual oligosaccharides or oligosaccharide isomers from biological systems.

Ying Liu

2004-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

338

NINE-YEAR WILKINSON MICROWAVE ANISOTROPY PROBE (WMAP) OBSERVATIONS: FINAL MAPS AND RESULTS  

SciTech Connect

We present the final nine-year maps and basic results from the Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe (WMAP) mission. The full nine-year analysis of the time-ordered data provides updated characterizations and calibrations of the experiment. We also provide new nine-year full sky temperature maps that were processed to reduce the asymmetry of the effective beams. Temperature and polarization sky maps are examined to separate cosmic microwave background (CMB) anisotropy from foreground emission, and both types of signals are analyzed in detail. We provide new point source catalogs as well as new diffuse and point source foreground masks. An updated template-removal process is used for cosmological analysis; new foreground fits are performed, and new foreground-reduced CMB maps are presented. We now implement an optimal C {sup –1} weighting to compute the temperature angular power spectrum. The WMAP mission has resulted in a highly constrained ?CDM cosmological model with precise and accurate parameters in agreement with a host of other cosmological measurements. When WMAP data are combined with finer scale CMB, baryon acoustic oscillation, and Hubble constant measurements, we find that big bang nucleosynthesis is well supported and there is no compelling evidence for a non-standard number of neutrino species (N {sub eff} = 3.84 ± 0.40). The model fit also implies that the age of the universe is t {sub 0} = 13.772 ± 0.059 Gyr, and the fit Hubble constant is H {sub 0} = 69.32 ± 0.80 km s{sup –1} Mpc{sup –1}. Inflation is also supported: the fluctuations are adiabatic, with Gaussian random phases; the detection of a deviation of the scalar spectral index from unity, reported earlier by the WMAP team, now has high statistical significance (n{sub s} = 0.9608 ± 0.0080); and the universe is close to flat/Euclidean (?{sub k} = -0.0027{sup +0.0039}{sub -0.0038}). Overall, the WMAP mission has resulted in a reduction of the cosmological parameter volume by a factor of 68,000 for the standard six-parameter ?CDM model, based on CMB data alone. For a model including tensors, the allowed seven-parameter volume has been reduced by a factor 117,000. Other cosmological observations are in accord with the CMB predictions, and the combined data reduces the cosmological parameter volume even further. With no significant anomalies and an adequate goodness of fit, the inflationary flat ?CDM model and its precise and accurate parameters rooted in WMAP data stands as the standard model of cosmology.

Bennett, C. L.; Larson, D.; Weiland, J. L. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, The Johns Hopkins University, 3400 North Charles Street, Baltimore, MD 21218-2686 (United States); Jarosik, N.; Page, L. [Department of Physics, Jadwin Hall, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544-0708 (United States); Hinshaw, G.; Halpern, M. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z1 (Canada); Odegard, N.; Hill, R. S. [ADNET Systems, Inc., 7515 Mission Drive, Suite A100, Lanham, MD 20706 (United States); Smith, K. M. [Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics, Waterloo, ON N2L 2Y5 (Canada); Gold, B. [School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Minnesota, 116 Church Street S.E., Minneapolis, MN 55455 (United States); Komatsu, E. [Max-Planck-Institut für Astrophysik, Karl-Schwarzschild Str. 1, D-85741 Garching (Germany); Nolta, M. R. [Canadian Institute for Theoretical Astrophysics, 60 St. George Street, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON M5S 3H8 (Canada); Spergel, D. N. [Department of Astrophysical Sciences, Peyton Hall, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544-1001 (United States); Wollack, E.; Kogut, A. [Code 665, NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States); Dunkley, J. [Oxford Astrophysics, Denys Wilkinson Building, Keble Road, Oxford OX1 3RH (United Kingdom); Limon, M. [Columbia Astrophysics Laboratory, 550 West 120th Street, Mail Code 5247, New York, NY 10027-6902 (United States); Meyer, S. S. [Departments of Astrophysics and Physics, KICP and EFI, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637 (United States); Tucker, G. S., E-mail: cbennett@jhu.edu [Department of Physics, Brown University, 182 Hope Street, Providence, RI 02912-1843 (United States); and others

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Colorado Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation Proved Reserves...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Gas, Wet After Lease Separation Proved Reserves (Billion Cubic Feet) Colorado Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation Proved Reserves (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1...

340

Multifunctional, Inorganic-Filled Separators for Large Format...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

& Publications Multifunctional, Inorganic-Filled Separators for Large Format, Li-ion Batteries Multifunctional, Inorganic-Filled Separators for Large Format, Li-ion Batteries...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "microwave separate dishwasher" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Multifunctional, Inorganic-Filled Separators for Large Format...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Multifunctional, Inorganic-Filled Separators for Large Format, Li-ion Batteries Multifunctional, Inorganic-Filled Separators for Large Format, Li-ion Batteries 2012 DOE Hydrogen...

342

Solid-Liquid Separation of Animal Manure and Wastewater  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Solid-liquid separation is an alternative treatment for animal manure and process-generated wastewater. This publication explains the techniques, equipment, performance and economics of separators....

Mukhtar, Saqib; Sweeten, John M.; Auvermann, Brent W.

1999-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

343

Oklahoma Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation Proved Reserves...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Gas, Wet After Lease Separation Proved Reserves (Billion Cubic Feet) Oklahoma Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation Proved Reserves (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1...

344

Oklahoma Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Oklahoma Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation, Proved Reserves (Billion Cubic Feet) Oklahoma Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation,...

345

Graphene as the Ultimate Membrane for Gas Separation Project...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Graphene as the Ultimate Membrane for Gas Separation Graphene as the Ultimate Membrane for Gas Separation GraphenePore.jpg Key Challenges: Investigate the permeability and...

346

Effects of cell positive cans and separators on the performance...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of the batteries by more than 13%. Among the five separators studied in this work, polyethylene (PE) separator shows the best electrochemical stability. The cells using...

347

New Mexico Natural Gas Wet After Lease Separation, Reserves in...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

After Lease Separation, Reserves in Nonproducing Reservoirs (Billion Cubic Feet) New Mexico Natural Gas Wet After Lease Separation, Reserves in Nonproducing Reservoirs (Billion...

348

California--State Offshore Natural Gas Wet After Lease Separation...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Wet After Lease Separation, Reserves in Nonproducing Reservoirs (Billion Cubic Feet) California--State Offshore Natural Gas Wet After Lease Separation, Reserves in Nonproducing...

349

Ethanol separation from molasses based fermentation broth by reverse osmosis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Irradiated styrene-grafted cellulose acetate membrane was used for the separation of ethanol by reverse osmosis. Ethanol separation from molasses based fermentation broth...

J. P. Choudhury; P. Ghosh; B. K. Guha

1986-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Accelerated High-Resolution Differential Ion Mobility Separations...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

High-Resolution Differential Ion Mobility Separations Using Hydrogen. Accelerated High-Resolution Differential Ion Mobility Separations Using Hydrogen. Abstract: The resolving...

351

Haverford Researchers Create Carbon Dioxide-Separating Polymer  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Haverford College Researchers Create Carbon Dioxide-Separating Polymer Haverford College Researchers Create Carbon Dioxide-Separating Polymer August 1, 2012 | Tags: Basic Energy...

352

Connecting the Time Series of Microwave Sounding Observations from AMSU to ATMS for Long-Term Monitoring of Climate  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The measurements from the Microwave Sounding Unit (MSU) and the Advanced Microwave Sounding Unit-A (AMSU-A) on board NOAA polar-orbiting satellites have been extensively utilized for detecting atmospheric temperature trend during the last several ...

Xiaolei Zou; Fuzhong Weng; H. Yang

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

Modelling microwave cooking; theory and experiment C.J. Budd, Centre for Nonlinear Mechanics, University of Bath, UK,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

is that they reveal that the fields in a typical microwave cavity (such as a domestic cooker) are very sensitive a microwave cooker and a scenario used for experimental testing is shown in Figure. ??. PICTURE OF THE COOKER

Burton, Geoffrey R.

354

Elemental analysis by microwave-assisted laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy: Evaluation on ceramics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

,2 These sources are usually flames or plasmas: arcs, sparks, plasma jets, inductively coupled plasma (ICP), high demonstrated the signal enhancement ability of their LAMPS (Laser-Assisted Microwave Plasma Spectroscopy utilizing interaction between microwave radiation and laser-induced plasma has been evaluated. Experimental

Richardson, Martin C.

355

Microwave applicator for in-drum processing of radioactive waste slurry  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A microwave applicator for processing of radioactive waste slurry uses a waveguide network which splits an input microwave of TE.sub.10 rectangular mode to TE.sub.01 circular mode. A cylindrical body has four openings, each receiving 1/4 of the power input. The waveguide network includes a plurality of splitters to effect the 1/4 divisions of power.

White, Terry L. (Oak Ridge, TN)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Microwave Photon Counter Based on Josephson Junctions Y.-F. Chen,1,* D. Hover,1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Microwave Photon Counter Based on Josephson Junctions Y.-F. Chen,1,* D. Hover,1 S. Sendelbach,1 L on the current-biased Josephson junction. The junction is tuned to absorb single microwave photons from optical photon counters, it is natural to consider the Josephson junction--a nonlinear, nondissipative

Saffman, Mark

357

Selective Conversion of Biomass Hemicellulose to Furfural Using Maleic Acid with Microwave Heating  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Selective Conversion of Biomass Hemicellulose to Furfural Using Maleic Acid with Microwave Heating ... With the aim to develop an ecological method to convert xylose into furfural without the use of inorganic acids, a ... ... Sulfonated lignin was converted to phenol and phenolic compounds using a conventional batch or a microwave reactor. ...

Eurick S. Kim; Shuo Liu; Mahdi M. Abu-Omar; Nathan S. Mosier

2012-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

358

Eric Moulton, Ferri Hassani, Pejman Nekoovaght Microwave-Assisted Heating in Rock  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Eric Moulton, Ferri Hassani, Pejman Nekoovaght Microwave-Assisted Heating in Rock INTRODUCTION to expensive replacements. Expansive heating through microwaves breaks up the rock, which reduces the stress the mechanisms and parameters governing the heating rate of a material. Department of Mining and Materials

Barthelat, Francois

359

Microwave and EUV Observations of an Erupting Filament and Associated Flare and Coronal Mass Ejections  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......observes below 16 MHz that corresponds...to at least 30 kHz, well into the...feature was 5.51 MHz at 07:48 UT...High-Temperature Plasma to the Microwave...of a stratified atmosphere; then, the integrations...temperature plasma to the microwave...operating at 5743 MHz (5.2 cm......

Costas E. Alissandrakis; Alexey A. Kochanov; Spiros Patsourakos; Alexander T. Altyntsev; Sergey V. Lesovoi; Nadya N. Lesovoya

2013-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

360

Effect of Microwave Frequency on Hydrothermal Synthesis of Nanocrystalline Tetragonal Barium Titanate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Effect of Microwave Frequency on Hydrothermal Synthesis of Nanocrystalline Tetragonal Barium) with particle sizes ranging from 30 to 100 nm were synthesized via microwave-hydrothermal routes at various, but increased gradually with extended aging time in variable frequency (3-5.5 GHz to 1 s) processing

Dutta, Prabir K.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "microwave separate dishwasher" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Microwave-assisted preparation of zeolite KH from alumatrane and Mathavee Sathupunya a  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-loaded zeolite was synthesized for the first time, via sol­gel processing and microwave heating techniques Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. Keywords: Alumatrane; Silatrane; Microwave technique; Sol­gel process; K by hydrothermal crystallization under alkaline conditions using an amorphous aluminosilicate gel as the starting

Gulari, Erdogan

362

Comparative study of microwave tomography segmentation techniques based on GMM and KNN in breast cancer detection  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Microwave Tomography Imaging (MTI) is a new technology for early breast cancer detection. Compared to other methods such as X-ray, Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) and ultrasound, the MTI technology is almost radiation-free, and low cost. However, the ... Keywords: gaussian mixture model, microwave tomography imaging, segmentation

Chunqiu Wang, Wei Wang, Sung Shin, Soon I. Jeon

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

Method and apparatus for measuring butterfat and protein content using microwave absorption techniques  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A self calibrating method and apparatus for measuring butterfat and protein content based on measuring the microwave absorption of a sample of milk at several microwave frequencies. A microwave energy source injects microwave energy into the resonant cavity for absorption and reflection by the sample undergoing evaluation. A sample tube is centrally located in the resonant cavity passing therethrough and exposing the sample to the microwave energy. A portion of the energy is absorbed by the sample while another portion of the microwave energy is reflected back to an evaluation device such as a network analyzer. The frequency at which the reflected radiation is at a minimum within the cavity is combined with the scatter coefficient S.sub.11 as well as a phase change to calculate the butterfat content in the sample. The protein located within the sample may also be calculated in a likewise manner using the frequency, S.sub.11 and phase variables. A differential technique using a second resonant cavity containing a reference standard as a sample will normalize the measurements from the unknown sample and thus be self-calibrating. A shuttered mechanism will switch the microwave excitation between the unknown and the reference cavities. An integrated apparatus for measuring the butterfat content in milk using microwave absorption techniques is also presented.

Fryer, Michael O. (Roberts, ID); Hills, Andrea J. (Iowa City, IA); Morrison, John L. (Idaho Falls, ID)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Microwave accelerated one-minute synthesis of luminescent ZnO quantum dots  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper we present microwave assisted non-aqueous synthesis of ZnO quantum dots (QDs) by hydrolyzing zinc acetate with lithium hydroxide in ethanol under microwave heating. The processing time for QDs was reduced to few minutes when compared with time consuming sol–gel chemistry. The prepared QDs show good colloidal stability along with stable visible emission.

Adersh Asok; A. R. Kulkarni; Mayuri N. Gandhi

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Experimental Study on Microwave Pyrolysis of an Indonesian Low-Rank Coal  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Microwave pyrolysis of an Indonesian lignite is investigated in this study. ... About half of the world’s coal reserves are low-rank coals. ... Considerable amts. of 3,4-dihydro-1(2H)-naphthalenone (alpha-tetralone) were found in the oil fractions of lignites treated by microwave energy. ...

Nan Wang; Jianglong Yu; Arash Tahmasebi; Yanna Han; John Lucas; Terry Wall; Yu Jiang

2013-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

366

Design of a Microwave-Initiated Pulsed Plasma Thruster Jian F. Li, Class of 2006  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and departments: · Prof. Edgar Choueiri of the Princeton University Electric Propulsion and Plasma Dynamics and Plasma Dynamics Laboratory. · Prof. Miles and Princeton Applied Physics Group for microwave leak detector of the Princeton University Electric Propulsion and Plasma Dynamics Laboratory for his insight into microwave

Choueiri, Edgar

367

Gas Separation Using Membranes. 1. Optimization of the Separation Process Using New Cost Parameters  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper two new cost parameters, which are useful for costing and optimization of membrane gas separation systems, are described. ... Gas separation by membranes is different from other separation processes in that, since all the gases permeate through the membrane (some faster than others), a high-purity and/or a high recovery of the product gas can only be obtained by recycle and recompression of some of the permeate. ... All costs are for the same rate of production of acetic acid. ...

Anthony B. Hinchliffe; Kenneth E. Porter

1997-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

368

Sub-degree Scale Microwave Anisotropies from Cosmic Defects  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

If current ideas about unified field theories are correct, macroscopic cosmic defects may well exist. The observation of such an entity would have enormous significance for our understanding of fundamental physics. This paper points out a novel observable signature of cosmic texture and global monopoles, namely strong hot spots in the cosmic microwave anisotropy pattern on subdegree scales. This signal should be readily detectable by the next generation of anisotropy mapping experiments. The signature arises from overdensities in the photon-baryon fluid generated by the gravitational attraction of the defects. The angular power spectrum of the anisotropy fluctuations on subdegree scales is also calculated, for cosmic string, global monopoles, and texture.

Neil Turok

1996-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

369

Translational invariance and the anisotropy of the cosmic microwave background  

SciTech Connect

Primordial quantum fluctuations produced by inflation are conventionally assumed to be statistically homogeneous, a consequence of translational invariance. In this paper we quantify the potentially observable effects of a small violation of translational invariance during inflation, as characterized by the presence of a preferred point, line, or plane. We explore the imprint such a violation would leave on the cosmic microwave background anisotropy, and provide explicit formulas for the expected amplitudes of the spherical-harmonic coefficients.

Carroll, Sean M.; Tseng, C.-Y.; Wise, Mark B. [California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California 91125 (United States)

2010-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

370

Nanoparticle plasma ejected directly from solid copper by localized microwaves  

SciTech Connect

A plasma column ejected directly from solid copper by localized microwaves is studied. The effect stems from an induced hotspot that melts and emits ionized copper vapors as a confined fire column. Nanoparticles of {approx}20-120 nm size were revealed in the ejected column by in situ small-angle x-ray scattering. Optical spectroscopy confirmed the dominance of copper particles in the plasma column originating directly from the copper substrate. Nano- and macroparticles of copper were verified also by ex situ scanning electron microscopy. The direct conversion of solid metals to nanoparticles is demonstrated and various applications are proposed.

Jerby, E.; Golts, A.; Shamir, Y.; Wonde, S.; Ashkenazi, D.; Eliaz, N. [Faculty of Engineering, Tel Aviv University, Ramat Aviv 69978 (Israel); Mitchell, J. B. A.; LeGarrec, J. L. [IPR., U.M.R. No. 6251 du C.N.R.S., Universite de Rennes I, 35042 Rennes (France); Narayanan, T.; Sztucki, M. [European Synchrotron Radiation Facility, BP-220, 38043 Grenoble (France); Barkay, Z. [Wolfson Applied Materials Research Center, Tel Aviv University, Ramat-Aviv 69978 (Israel)

2009-11-09T23:59:59.000Z

371

A 100-kc modulation system for an EPR microwave spectrometer  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A 100-kc FIELD MODULATION SYSTEM FOR AN EPR MICROWAVE SPECTROMETER A Thesis By Frank Edwin Stewart Approved as to style and content by: /I i r Chairman of Committee C ead of Dep rtment Member ember August 1964 ACM ONLEDGi PENT... LIST OF FIGURES FIGURE PAGE II-1 Molecular Structure of DPPH 22 II-2 11-3 III-1 IV-1 Hyperfine Splitting in the DPPH EPR Spectrum . 25 Hyperfine Splitting in the Mn EpR Spectrum , . 27 100-kc Field Modulation and Detection System . 4I Typical...

Stewart, Frank Edwin

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

372

One-way glass for microwaves using nonreciprocal metamaterials  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We introduce a class of nonreciprocal metamaterials based on composite assemblies of metallic and biased ferrimagnetic elements. We show that such structures act as ultrathin one-way glasses due to the competition between two modes at the surface of the ferrimagnetic elements—a low-loss surface wave that transmits the signal on the other side of the structure and a surface spin-wave resonance that produces strong isolation levels. These findings can be adapted to existing metamaterial geometries, offering a blueprint to achieve unidirectional propagation in a variety of artificial media at radio, microwave, and millimeter wave frequencies.

A. Degiron and D. R. Smith

2014-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

373

Wide band cryogenic ultra-high vacuum microwave absorber  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An absorber wave guide assembly for absorbing higher order modes of microwave energy under cryogenic ultra-high vacuum conditions, that absorbs wide-band multi-mode energy. The absorber is of a special triangular shape, made from flat tiles of silicon carbide and aluminum nitride. The leading sharp end of the absorber is located in a corner of the wave guide and tapers to a larger cross-sectional area whose center is located approximately in the center of the wave guide. The absorber is relatively short, being of less height than the maximum width of the wave guide.

Campisi, Isidoro E. (Newport News, VA)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

The Cosmic Microwave Background: Beyond the Power Spectrum  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Much recent work on the cosmic microwave background (CMB) has focussed on the angular power spectrum of temperature anisotropies and particularly on the recovery of cosmological parameters from acoustic peaks in the power spectrum. However, there is more that can conceivably be done with CMB measurements. Here I briefly survey a few such ideas: cross-correlation with other cosmic backgrounds as a probe of the density of the Universe; CMB polarization as a gravitational-wave detector; secondary anisotropies and the ionization history of the Universe; tests of alternative-gravity theories; polarization, the Sunyaev-Zeldovich effect, and cosmic variance; and tests for a neutrino mass.

Marc Kamionkowski

1998-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

375

A 2-MeV microwave thermionic gun  

SciTech Connect

A high-gradient, S-band microwave gun with a thermionic cathode is being developed in a collaborative effort by AET, Varian, and SSRL. A prototype design using an upgraded Varian dispenser cathode mounted with thermal isolation directly in the first half-cell of a 1-1/2 cell, side-coupled, standing-wave cavity has been fabricated and is being tested. Optimization of the cavity shape and beam formation was done using SUPERFISH, MASK, and PARMELA. An overview of design details, as well as the status of in-progress beam tests, will be presented. 9 refs., 6 figs.

Tanabe, E.; Borland, M.; Green, M.C.; Miller, R.H.; Nelson, L.V.; Weaver, J.N.; Wiedemann, H.

1989-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

Wide band cryogenic ultra-high vacuum microwave absorber  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An absorber waveguide assembly for absorbing higher order modes of microwave energy under cryogenic ultra-high vacuum conditions, that absorbs wide-band multi-mode energy. The absorber is of a special triangular shape, made from flat tiles of silicon carbide and aluminum nitride. The leading sharp end of the absorber is located in a corner of the waveguide and tapers to a larger cross-sectional area whose center is located approximately in the center of the wave guide. The absorber is relatively short, being of less height than the maximum width of the waveguide. 11 figs.

Campisi, I.E.

1992-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

377

Journal of Microwaves, Optoelectronics and Electromagnetic Applications, Vol. X, No. Y, Month 2010 Numerical treatment of rounded and sharp  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Journal of Microwaves, Optoelectronics and Electromagnetic Applications, Vol. X, No. Y, Month 2010 the corners for any value of . For a precise definition, refer to [2]. Brazilian Microwave and Optoelectronics in "journal of microwaves, optoelectronics and electromagnetic applications 10, 1 (2011) 66-81" DOI : 10

Boyer, Edmond

378

Apparatus for separating and recovering hydrogen isotopes  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An apparatus for recovering hydrogen and separating its isotopes. The apparatus includes a housing bearing at least a fluid inlet and a fluid outlet. A baffle is disposed within the housing, attached thereto by a bracket. A hollow conduit is coiled about the baffle, in spaced relation to the baffle and the housing. The coiled conduit is at least partially filled with a hydride. The hydride can be heated to a high temperature and cooled to a low temperature quickly by circulating a heat transfer fluid in the housing. The spacing between the baffle and the housing maximizes the heat exchange rate between the fluid in the housing and the hydride in the conduit. The apparatus can be used to recover hydrogen isotopes (protium, deuterium and tritium) from gaseous mixtures, or to separate hydrogen isotopes from each other.

Heung, Leung K. (Aiken, SC)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Air separation by the Moltox process  

SciTech Connect

The report describes results of a development program on a new and energy saving process for air separation. The Moltox process involves reversibly reacting oxygen in air with a recirculating salt solution, such that oxygen is extracted without depressurizing the remaining nitrogen. Energy savings of approximately 50% are indicated for this process compared to conventional cryogenic air separation. The development program consisted of design, construction, and operation of a 6 liter/minute pilot plant; optimization of the process flowsheet through computer modelling; investigation of engineering aspects of the process including corrosion, safety, and NO/sub x/ generation; and an economic comparison to conventional cryogenic practice. All objectives were satisfactorily achieved except for continuous operation of the pilot plant, and the modifications necessary to achieve that have been identified. Economically the Moltox process shows a substantial advantage over large scale cryogenic plants which are powered by fuel vice electricity.

Erickson, D. C.

1981-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Chapter 8 - Segregation, Separation, and Arrangement  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract A review of industrial process facility safety features of segregation, separation, and arrangement of equipment and processes is provided. Segregation is the grouping of similar processes into the same major area. The major facility segregation categories are process, storage, loading/unloading, flaring, utilities, and administration, which are further detailed. An examination of separation is provided by looking at insurance spacing tables and common industry guidelines and practices. Special emphasis is placed on the provision of manned facilities within the installation. Arrangement means the orientation, position, and assemblage of the equipment in a facility from the risk posed by vessels, columns, tanks, pumps/compressors, and process trains containing combustible materials of large capacities, especially at high pressures or temperatures. Arrangements so as to limit the spread of on incident and lower plant overall risks are also described.

Dennis P. Nolan

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "microwave separate dishwasher" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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381

Microsoft PowerPoint - Microwave Off-gas srnlTechBriefp1.ppt  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Microwave Off-Gas Treatment Microwave Off-Gas Treatment System at a glance  simple design  compact and portable  easy to operate  can be remotely operated  low cost, low maintenance  scalable for large and small volume operations  U.S. patent 6,534,754 The Microwave Off-Gas Treatment System uses microwave energy and high temperatures to treat off- gas emissions to reduce contaminants to acceptable or nondetectable levels. This allows the treated gaseous waste stream to be safety discharged to the atmosphere. New method Scientists at Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL), working with colleagues from the University of Florida (UF), have invented a unique system to treat off-gas emissions from safe discharge into the atmosphere. The compact and portable Microwave Off-Gas Treatment System is designed to

382

Method of nitriding, carburizing, or oxidizing refractory metal articles using microwaves  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method of nitriding an article of refractory-nitride-forming metal or metalloids. A consolidated metal or metalloid article is placed inside a microwave oven and nitrogen containing gas is introduced into the microwave oven. The metal or metalloid article is heated to a temperature sufficient to react the metal or metalloid with the nitrogen by applying a microwave energy within the microwave oven. The metal or metalloid article is maintained at that temperature for a period of time sufficient to convert the article of metal or metalloid to an article of refractory nitride. in addition, a method of applying a coating, such as a coating of an oxide, a carbide, or a carbo-nitride, to an article of metal or metalloid by microwave heating.

Holcombe, C.E.; Dykes, N.L.; Tiegs, T.N.

1992-10-13T23:59:59.000Z

383

Method of nitriding, carburizing, or oxidizing refractory metal articles using microwaves  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method of nitriding an article of refractory-nitride-forming metal or metalloids. A consolidated metal or metalloid article is placed inside a microwave oven and nitrogen containing gas is introduced into the microwave oven. The metal or metalloid article is heated to a temperature sufficient to react the metal or metalloid with the nitrogen by applying a microwave energy within the microwave oven. The metal or metalloid article is maintained at that temperature for a period of time sufficient to convert the article of metal or metalloid to an article of refractory nitride. in addition, a method of applying a coating, such as a coating of an oxide, a carbide, or a carbo-nitride, to an article of metal or metalloid by microwave heating.

Holcombe, Cressie E. (Knoxville, TN); Dykes, Norman L. (Oak Ridge, TN); Tiegs, Terry N. (Lenoir City, TN)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

Constraints on the microwave opacity of gaseous methane and water vapor in the Jovian atmosphere  

SciTech Connect

Gaseous NH/sub 3/'s microwave absorption in the Jovian atmosphere appears too great to be due to a solar abundance of this gas. The additional capacity of microwave absorption is presently sought in measurements of the microwave absorption of CH/sub 4/ and H/sub 2/O under simulated Jovian conditions at 2.25 GHz, 8.5 GHz, 21.7 GHz; due to large error bars, measurements represent upper limits on the microwave opacity generated by H/sub 2/O and CH/sub 4/. The results obtained are consistent with theoretical expressions for microwave opacity in a Jovian atmosphere at the specified frequencies. The presence of an NH/sub 3/ abundance exceeding the solar level by a factor of 1.5 is indicated by test results. 16 references.

Jenkins, J.M.; Steffes, P.G.

1988-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

Power generation method including membrane separation  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for generating electric power, such as at, or close to, natural gas fields. The method includes conditioning natural gas containing C.sub.3+ hydrocarbons and/or acid gas by means of a membrane separation step. This step creates a leaner, sweeter, drier gas, which is then used as combustion fuel to run a turbine, which is in turn used for power generation.

Lokhandwala, Kaaeid A. (Union City, CA)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

Development of an Electrochemical Separator and Compressor  

SciTech Connect

Global conversion to sustainable energy is likely to result in a hydrogen-based economy that supports U.S. energy security objectives while simultaneously avoiding harmful carbon emissions. A key hurdle to successful implementation of a hydrogen economy is the low-cost generation, storage, and distribution of hydrogen. One of the most difficult requirements of this transformation is achieving economical, high density hydrogen storage in passenger vehicles. Transportation applications may require compression and storage of high purity hydrogen up to 12,000 psi. Hydrogen production choices range from centralized low-pressure generation of relatively impure gas in large quantities from steam-methane reformer plants to distributed generation of hydrogen under moderate pressure using water electrolysis. The Electrochemical Hydrogen Separator + Compressor (EHS+C) technology separates hydrogen from impurities and then compresses it to high pressure without any moving parts. The Phase I effort resulted in the construction and demonstration of a laboratory-scale hardware that can separate and compress hydrogen from reformate streams. The completion of Phase I has demonstrated at the laboratory scale the efficient separation and compression of hydrogen in a cost effective manner. This was achieved by optimizing the design of the Electrochemical Hydrogen Compression (EHC) cell hardware and verified by parametric testing in single cell hardware. A broad range of commercial applications exist for reclamation of hydrogen. One use this technology would be in combination with commercial fuel cells resulting in a source of clean power, heat, and compressed hydrogen. Other applications include the reclamation of hydrogen from power plants and other industrial equipment where it is used for cooling, recovery of process hydrogen from heat treating processes, and semiconductor fabrication lines. Hydrogen can also be recovered from reformate streams and cryogenic boil-offs using this technology.

Trent Molter

2011-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

387

Sulfur-isotope separation by distillation  

SciTech Connect

Sulfur-isotope separation by low-temperature distillation of hydrogen sulfide was studied in an 8-m, 25-mm diameter distillation column. Column temperature was controlled by a propane-propylene heat pipe. Column packing HETP was measured using nitric oxide in the column. The column was operated at pressures from 45 to 125 kPa. The relative volatility of S-32 vs. S-34 varied from 1.0008 to 1.0014.

Mills, T.R.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

NETL: Control Technology: ElectroCore Separator  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ElectroCore Separator ElectroCore Separator LSR Technologies and its subcontractors designed and installed a 8,500 m3/hr (5,000 acfm) Advanced ElectroCore system and a dry sulfur scrubber to test it using an exhaust gas slipstream at Alabama Power Company's Gaston Steam Plant. Shakedown is scheduled for August 15, 2001. The exhaust gas will be from Unit #4 of a 270 MWe sub-critical, pulverized coal boiler burning a low-sulfur bituminous coal. The Advanced ElectroCore system will consist of a conventional upstream ESP, a dry SO2 scrubber, a particle precharger and an Advanced ElectroCore separator. Particle concentrations and size distributions will be measured at the ESP inlet, at the dry scrubber outlet and at the ElectroCore outlet. The concentration of 12 common HAPs will be measured at these locations as well. For purposes of project organization and monitoring, the work will be divided into nine (9) tasks described below.

389

Novel, Ceramic Membrane System For Hydrogen Separation  

SciTech Connect

Separation of hydrogen from coal gas represents one of the most promising ways to produce alternative sources of fuel. Ceramatec, teamed with CoorsTek and Sandia National Laboratories has developed materials technology for a pressure driven, high temperature proton-electron mixed conducting membrane system to remove hydrogen from the syngas. This system separates high purity hydrogen and isolates high pressure CO{sub 2} as the retentate, which is amenable to low cost capture and transport to storage sites. The team demonstrated a highly efficient, pressure-driven hydrogen separation membrane to generate high purity hydrogen from syngas using a novel ceramic-ceramic composite membrane. Recognizing the benefits and limitations of present membrane systems, the all-ceramic system has been developed to address the key technical challenges related to materials performance under actual operating conditions, while retaining the advantages of thermal and process compatibility offered by the ceramic membranes. The feasibility of the concept has already been demonstrated at Ceramatec. This project developed advanced materials composition for potential integration with water gas shift rectors to maximize the hydrogenproduction.

Elangovan, S.

2012-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

390

Separations Technology for Clean Water and Energy  

SciTech Connect

Providing clean water and energy for about nine billion people on the earth by midcentury is a daunting challenge. Major investments in efficiency of energy and water use and deployment of all economical energy sources will be needed. Separations technology has an important role to play in producing both clean energy and water. Some examples are carbon dioxide capture and sequestration from fossil energy power plants and advanced nuclear fuel cycle scemes. Membrane separations systems are under development to improve the economics of carbon capture that would be required at a huge scale. For nuclear fuel cycles, only the PUREX liquid-liquid extraction process has been deployed on a large scale to recover uranium and plutonium from used fuel. Most current R and D on separations technology for used nuclear fuel focuses on ehhancements to a PUREX-type plant to recover the minor actinides (neptunium, americiu, and curium) and more efficiently disposition the fission products. Are there more efficient routes to recycle the actinides on the horizon? Some new approaches and barriers to development will be briefly reviewed.

Jarvinen, Gordon D [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

391

Synthesis of azeotropic batch distillation separation systems  

SciTech Connect

The sequencing of batch distillation systems, in particular batch distillation columns, can be complicated by the existence of azeotropes in the mixture. These azeotropes can form batch distillation regions where, depending on the initial feed to the batch column, the types of feasible products and separations are limited. It is very important that these distillation regions are known while attempting to synthesize sequences of batch columns so infeasible designs can be eliminated early on in the design phase. The distillation regions also give information regarding the feasible products that can be obtained when the mixture is separated by using a variety of batch column configurations. The authors will show how a tool for finding the batch distillation regions of a particular mixture can be used in the synthesis of batch distillation column sequences. These sequences are determined by the initial feed composition to the separation network. The network of all possible sequences will be generated by using state-task networks when batch rectifying, stripping, middle vessel, and extractive middle vessel columns are allowed. The authors do not determine which sequence is the best, as the best sequence will depend on the particular application to which one is applying the algorithms. They show an example problem for illustration of this technique.

Safrit, B.T. [Eastman Chemical Co., Kingsport, TN (United States)] [Eastman Chemical Co., Kingsport, TN (United States); Westerberg, A.W. [Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA (United States)] [Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA (United States)

1997-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Separation of gas mixtures by thermoacoustic waves.  

SciTech Connect

Imposing sound on a binary gas mixture in a duct separates the two gases along the acoustic-propagation axis. Mole-fraction differences as large as 10% and separation fluxes as high as 0.001 M-squared c, where M is Mach number and c is sound speed, are easily observed. We describe the accidental discovery of this phenomenon in a helium-xenon mixture, subsequent experiments with a helium-argon mixture, and theoretical developments. The phenomenon occurs because a thin layer of the gas adjacent to the wall is immobilized by viscosity while the rest of the gas moves back and forth with the wave, and the heat capacity of the wall holds this thin layer of the gas at constant temperature while the rest of the gas experiences temperature oscillations due to the wave's oscillating pressure. The oscillating temperature gradient causes the light and heavy atoms in the gas to take turns diffusing into and out of the immobilized layer, so that the oscillating motion of the wave outside the immobilized layer tends to carry light-enriched gas in one direction and heavy-enriched gas in the opposite direction. Experiment and theory are in very good agreement for the initial separation fluxes and the saturation mole-fraction differences.

Swift, G. W. (Gregory W.); Geller, D. A. (Drew A.)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

Phase separation and coarsening in active matter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Active systems, or active matter, are self-driven systems which live, or function, far from equilibrium - a paradigmatic example which we focus on here is provided by a suspension of self-motile particles. Active systems are far from equilibrium because their microscopic constituents constantly consume energy from the environment in order to do work, for instance to propel themselves. The nonequilibrium nature of active matter leads to a variety of non-trivial intriguing phenomena. An important one which has recently been the subject of intense interest among biological and soft matter physicists is that of the so-called "motility-induced phase separation", whereby self-propelled particles accumulate into clusters in the absence of any explicit attractive interactions between them. Here we review the physics of motility-induced phase separation, and discuss this phenomenon within the framework of the classic physics of phase separation and coarsening. We also discuss cases where the coarsening may be arrested, either in theories for bacterial colonies or in experiments. Most of this work will focus on the case of run-and-tumble and active Brownian particles in the absence of solvent-mediated hydrodynamic interactions - we will briefly discuss at the end their role, which is not currently fully understood in this context.

Giuseppe Gonnella; Davide Marenduzzo; Antonio Suma; Adriano Tiribocchi

2015-02-08T23:59:59.000Z

394

INFORMED AUDIO SOURCE SEPARATION: A COMPARATIVE STUDY Antoine Liutkus1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

INFORMED AUDIO SOURCE SEPARATION: A COMPARATIVE STUDY Antoine Liutkus1 Stanislaw Gorlow2 Nicolas separation algorithms is to recover the con- stituent sources, or audio objects, from their mixture. How. Informed Source Separation (ISS) is a solution to make separation robust when the audio objects are known

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

395

Audio Source Separation usingAudio Source Separation usingAudio Source Separation usingAudio Source Separation using Sparse RepresentationsSparse RepresentationsSparse RepresentationsSparse Representations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Audio Source Separation usingAudio Source Separation usingAudio Source Separation usingAudio Source the problem of audio source separation, namely, the recovery of audio signals from recordings of mixtures in the MPEG audio coding framework. In considering the anechoic (delays but no echoes) and determined (equal

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

396

Low-pressure microwave plasma ultraviolet lamp for water purification  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Low-pressure mercury lamps are commonly used for germicidal applications. The germicidal effect is due to the emission of light at 254 nm, which leads to the destruction of the most waterborne bacteria and viruses. The microwave plasma ultraviolet (UV) lamp (MPUVL) is a new technology for generating a high-intensity UV light and that can be also controlled to operate at 185 nm; irradiation is in air at this wavelength produces ozone. The microwave power is injected into a resonant cavity and the surface wave excitation takes place within the cavity through that part of the discharge tube (fused silica) protruding inside it. The MPUVL has many advantages over conventional lamps, which are limited to an output power in the region of 30 W m-1, while MPUVL can deliver any amount of power per unit length and the tube can be of any shape, length or diameter. This paper describes the design of the MPUVL and compares its efficiency with that of conventional lamps through spectral analysis. Other results, which include the effects of temperature and different power inputs, are also discussed.

A I Al-Shamma'a; I Pandithas; J Lucas

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Emission of Microwave Photon Pairs by a Tunnel Junction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Generation and control of non-classical electromagnetic fields is of crucial importance for quantum information physics. While usual methods for the production of such fields rely on a non-linearity (of a crystal, a Josephson junction, etc.), a recent experiment performed on a normal conductor, a tunnel junction under microwave irradiation, has unveiled an alternative: the use of electron shot noise in a quantum conductor\\cite{PAN_squeezing}. Here we show that such a device can emit \\emph{pairs of microwave photons} of different frequencies with a rate as high as that of superconducting Josephson junctions\\cite{Flurin}. This results in intensity fluctuations of the photon field at two different frequencies being correlated below the photon shot noise,i.e. two-mode amplitude squeezing. Our experiment constitutes a fundamental step towards the understanding of electronic noise in terms of quantum optics, and shows that even a normal conductor could be used as a resource for quantum information processing.

Jean-Charles Forgues; Christian Lupien; Bertrand Reulet

2014-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

398

Microwave coupling of frequency-locked Josephson junction arrays  

SciTech Connect

A high temperature superconducting YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub y} array of five Josephson junctions designed with additional coupling lines has been developed to demonstrate the effects of frequency locking and impedance matching for applications such as oscillators, mixers, and detectors. The Josephson self-radiation power was directly detected by a superheterodyne receiver, and Shapiro steps were also measured. The Josephson self-radiation properties reveal good quality of phase locking and microwave coupling with external circuits. The maximum self-radiation power of our array is about 50 pW which is several ten times higher than that of a single Josephson junction, and its peak point exactly satisfies the Josephson current-voltage relation. The Shapiro-step measurements show that the behavior of current-voltage curve depends on the effective inductance of coupling lines which affects the total impedance of Josephson junction array and microwave coupling. The Josephson oscillation frequency was obtained up to about 880 GHz which is 73{percent} of the maximum available frequency calculated from the characteristic voltage of the Josephson junctions. Experimental results show that this type of Josephson junction array can improve the Josephson self-radiation power and increase the maximum detectable frequency. {copyright} {ital 1997 American Institute of Physics.}

Song, I.; Eom, Y.; Park, G. [Department of Physics, Sogang University, Seoul 100-611 (Korea)] [Department of Physics, Sogang University, Seoul 100-611 (Korea); Lee, E.; Park, S. [Electronic Materials Laboratory, Samsung Advanced Institute of Technology, Suwon (Korea)] [Electronic Materials Laboratory, Samsung Advanced Institute of Technology, Suwon (Korea)

1997-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

Microwave sintering of pure and doped nanocrystalline alumina compacts  

SciTech Connect

A single-mode cavity microwave furnace, operating in the TE{sub 103} mode at 2.45 GHz is being used to investigate sintering of pure and doped nanocrystalline alumina. The purpose of these experiments is to determine the effect of additives on the sintering process in the nanocrystalline regime. Using the sol-gel method, high purity Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} nanocrystalline powders were synthesized. These powders were calcined at 700 C and then CIP`ed to 414 MPa, producing 0.4 in. diameter, 0.25 in. high cylindrical compacts. The compacts were heated in the microwave furnace to temperatures between 1,100 C to approximately 1,800 C and were then brought back to room temperature using a triangular heating profile of about 30 minutes duration. A two-color IR pyrometer was used to monitor the surface temperature of the workpiece. The additives tested in this work lowered the temperature needed for densification but this effect was offset by increased grain growth. Initial grain growth from <5 nm to {approximately}50 nm was closely correlated with the {gamma} to {alpha}-alumina phase transition.

Bruce, R.W. [SFA, Inc., Largo, MD (United States); Fliflet, A.W.; Lewis, D. III; Rayne, R.J.; Bender, B.A.; Chow, G.M.; Schoen, P.E. [Naval Research Lab., Washington, DC (United States); Kurihara, L.K. [Georgetown Univ., Washington, DC (United States). Dept. of Biochemistry

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

400

Optic-microwave mixing velocimeter for superhigh velocity measurement  

SciTech Connect

The phenomenon that a light beam reflected off a moving object experiences a Doppler shift in its frequency underlies practical interferometric techniques for remote velocity measurements, such as velocity interferometer system for any reflector (VISAR), displacement interferometer system for any reflector (DISAR), and photonic Doppler velocimetry (PDV). While VISAR velocimeters are often bewildered by the fringe loss upon high-acceleration dynamic process diagnosis, the optic-fiber velocimeters such as DISAR and PDV, on the other hand, are puzzled by high velocity measurement over 10 km/s, due to the demand for the high bandwidth digitizer. Here, we describe a new optic-microwave mixing velocimeter (OMV) for super-high velocity measurements. By using currently available commercial microwave products, we have constructed a simple, compact, and reliable OMV device, and have successfully obtained, with a digitizer of bandwidth 6 GH only, the precise velocity history of an aluminum flyer plate being accelerated up to 11.2 km/s in a three stage gas-gun experiment.

Weng Jidong; Wang Xiang; Tao Tianjiong; Liu Cangli; Tan Hua [Laboratory for Shock Waves and Detonation Physics Research, Institute of Fluid Physics, P.O. Box 919-102, Mianyang, Sichuan 621900 (China)

2011-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "microwave separate dishwasher" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

SLOW MAGNETOACOUSTIC OSCILLATIONS IN THE MICROWAVE EMISSION OF SOLAR FLARES  

SciTech Connect

Analysis of the microwave data, obtained in the 17 GHz channel of the Nobeyama Radioheliograph during the M1.6 flare on 2010 November 4, revealed the presence of 12.6 minute oscillations of the emitting plasma density. The oscillations decayed with the characteristic time of about 15 minutes. Similar oscillations with the period of about 13.8 minutes and the decay time of 25 minutes are also detected in the variation of EUV emission intensity measured in the 335 A channel of the Solar Dynamics Observatory/Atmospheric Imaging Assembly. The observed properties of the oscillations are consistent with the oscillations of hot loops observed by the Solar and Heliospheric Observatory/Solar Ultraviolet Measurement of Emitted Radiation (SUMER) in the EUV spectra in the form of periodic Doppler shift. Our analysis presents the first direct observations of the slow magnetoacoustic oscillations in the microwave emission of a solar flare, complementing accepted interpretations of SUMER hot loop oscillations as standing slow magnetoacoustic waves.

Kim, S.; Shibasaki, K. [Nobeyama Solar Radio Observatory/NAOJ, Nagano 384-1305 (Japan); Nakariakov, V. M., E-mail: sjkim@nro.nao.ac.jp [Physics Department, University of Warwick, Coventry, CV4 7AL (United Kingdom)

2012-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

402

Microwave calcination for plutonium immobilization and residue stabilization  

SciTech Connect

In the late 1980`s development was begun on a process using microwave energy to vitrify low level mixed waste sludge and transuranic mixed waste sludge generated in Building 374 at Rocky Flats. This process was shown to produce a dense, highly durable waste form. With the cessation of weapons production at Rocky Flats, the emphasis has changed from treatment of low level and TRU wastes to stabilizaiton of plutonium oxide and residues. This equipment is versatile and can be used as a heat source to calcine, react or vitrify many types of residues and oxides. It has natural economies in that it heats only the material to be treated, significantly reducing cycle times over conventional furnaces. It is inexpensive to operate in that most of the working components remain outside of any necessary contamination enclosure and therefore can easily be maintained. Limited testing has been successfully performed on cerium oxide (as a surrogate for plutonium oxide), surrogate electrorefining salts, surrogate residue sludge and residue ash. Future plans also include tests on ion exchange resins. In an attempt to further the usefullness of this technology, a mobile, self-contained microwave melting system is currently under development and expected to be operational at Rocky Flats Enviromental Technology Site by the 4th quarter of FY96.

Harris, M.J.; Rising, T.L.; Roushey, W.J.; Sprenger, G.S. [Kaiser-Hill Co., Golden, CO (United States)

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

Large-Eddy Simulations of Zero-Net-Mass-Flux Jet Based Separation Control in a Canonical Separated  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Large-Eddy Simulations of Zero-Net-Mass-Flux Jet Based Separation Control in a Canonical Separated by Mittal et al1 for investigating active separation control using zero-net-mass-flux jets. Large. Zero-net-mass-flux forcing of the separated flow at the superharmonics of this baseline lock

Mittal, Rajat

404

Ionic (Proton) Transport Hydrogen Separation Systems  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

(Proton) (Proton) Transport Hydrogen Separation Systems Summary Session Participants -- Ionic Transport Balachandran, Balu Cornelius, Chris Fleming, Greg Glass, Robert Hartvigsen, Joseph Higgins, Richard King, David Paster, Mark Paul, Dilo Robbins, John Samells, Anthony Schwartz, Michael Schinski, Bill Smith, Ronald Van Bibber, Lawrence Zalesky, Rick Argonne National Laboratory Sandia National Laboratory Air Liquide Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Cerametec, Inc. CeraMem Corporation Battelle, PNNL DOE Science Applications International Corporation ExxonMobil Eltron Research, Inc. ITN Energy Systems ChevronTexaco SRI Consulting SAIC ChevronTexaco Technology Ventures Performance Goals 4-5 years (5 years upper limit) (100,000 hrs is 12 years) High durability 250-350

405

Membrane separation of hydrocarbons using cycloparaffinic solvents  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Heavy crude oils which contain metal contaminants such as nickel, vanadium and iron may be separated from light hydrocarbon oils by passing a solution of the crude oil dissolved in a cycloparaffinic hydrocarbon solvent containing from about 5 to about 8 carbon atoms by passing through a polymeric membrane which is capable of maintaining its integrity in the presence of hydrocarbon compounds. The light hydrocarbon oils which possess relatively low molecular weights will be recovered as the permeate while the heavy oils which possess relatively high molecular weights as well as the metal contaminants will be recovered as the retentate.

Kulkarni, S.S.; Chang, Y.A.; Gatsis, J.G.; Funk, E.W.

1988-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

406

Biomolecular transport and separation in nanotubular networks.  

SciTech Connect

Cell membranes are dynamic substrates that achieve a diverse array of functions through multi-scale reconfigurations. We explore the morphological changes that occur upon protein interaction to model membrane systems that induce deformation of their planar structure to yield nanotube assemblies. In the two examples shown in this report we will describe the use of membrane adhesion and particle trajectory to form lipid nanotubes via mechanical stretching, and protein adsorption onto domains and the induction of membrane curvature through steric pressure. Through this work the relationship between membrane bending rigidity, protein affinity, and line tension of phase separated structures were examined and their relationship in biological membranes explored.

Stachowiak, Jeanne C.; Stevens, Mark Jackson (Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM); Robinson, David B.; Branda, Steven S.; Zendejas, Frank; Meagher, Robert J.; Sasaki, Darryl Yoshio; Bachand, George David (Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM); Hayden, Carl C.; Sinha, Anupama; Abate, Elisa; Wang, Julia; Carroll-Portillo, Amanda (Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM); Liu, Haiqing (Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM)

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Separating Cloud Forming Nuclei from Interstitial Aerosol  

SciTech Connect

It has become important to characterize the physicochemical properties of aerosol that have initiated the warm and ice clouds. The data is urgently needed to better represent the aerosol-cloud interaction mechanisms in the climate models. The laboratory and in-situ techniques to separate precisely the aerosol particles that act as cloud condensation nuclei (CCN) and ice nuclei (IN), termed as cloud nuclei (CN) henceforth, have become imperative in studying aerosol effects on clouds and the environment. This review summarizes these techniques, design considerations, associated artifacts and challenges, and briefly discusses the need for improved designs to expand the CN measurement database.

Kulkarni, Gourihar R.

2012-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

408

Separation of heavy metals from industrial waste streams by membrane separation technology  

SciTech Connect

Industrial membrane technology is becoming increasingly attractive as a low-cost generic separation technique for volume reduction, recovery, and/or purification of the liquid phase and concentration and/or recovery of the contaminant or solute. It offers outstanding future potential in the reduction and/or recycling of hazardous pollutants from waste streams. Membrane separation technology may include: (1) commercial processes such as electrodialysis, reverse osmosis, nanofiltration, and ultrafiltration and (2) the development of hybrid processes such as liquid membranes, Donnan dialysis, and membrane bioreactor technology. Membrane separation technology as applied to waste treatment/reduction and environmental engineering problems has several advantages over conventional treatment processes. In contrast to distillation and solvent extraction membrane separation is achieved without a phase change and use of expensive solvents. The advantages of this technology are (1) low energy requirements; (2) small volumes of retentate that need to be handled; (3) selective removal of pollutants with the use of complexing agents and biocatalysts or by membrane surface modification; (4) the possibility for achieving zero discharge'' with reuse of product water, binding media and target, compounds; (5) continuous operation; (6) modular design without significant size limitations; (7) discrete membrane barrier to ensure physical separation of contaminants; and (8) minimal labor requirement.

Yichu Huang; Koseoglu, S.S. (Texas A and M Univ. System, College Station, TX (United States). Engineering Biosciences Research Center)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

Separable states improve protocols with restricted randomness  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It is known from Bell's theorem that quantum predictions for some entangled states cannot be mimicked using local hidden variable (LHV) models. From a computer science perspective, LHV models may be interpreted as classical computers operating on a potentially infinite number of correlated bits originating from a common source. As such, Bell inequality violations achieved through entangled states are able to characterise the quantum advantage of certain tasks, so long as the task itself imposes no restriction on the availability of correlated bits. However, if the number of shared bits is limited, additional constraints are placed on the possible LHV models and separable, i.e. disentangled, states may become a useful resource. Bell violations are therefore no longer necessary to achieve a quantum advantage. Here we show that in particular, separable states may improve the so-called random access codes, which is a class of communication problems where one party tries to read a portion of the data held by another distant party in presence of finite shared randomness and limited classical communication. We also show how the bias of classical bits can be used to avoid wrong answers in order to achieve the optimal classical protocol and how the advantage of quantum protocols is linked to quantum discord.

T. K. Chuan; T. Paterek

2014-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

410

Species separation in inertial confinement fusion fuels  

SciTech Connect

It is shown by means of multi-fluid particle-in-cell simulations that convergence of the spherical shock wave that propagates through the inner gas of inertial confinement fusion-relevant experiments is accompanied by a separation of deuterium (D) and tritium (T) ions across the shock front. Deuterons run ahead of the tritons due to their lower mass and higher charge-to-mass ratio and can reach the center several tens of picoseconds before the tritons. The rising edge of the DD and TT fusion rate is also temporally separated by the same amount, which should be an observable in experiments and would be a direct proof of the 'stratification conjecture' on the shock front [Amendt et al., Phys. Plasmas 18, 056308 (2011)]. Moreover, dephasing of the D and T shock components in terms of density and temperature leads to a degradation of the DT fusion yield as the converging shock first rebounds from the fuel center (shock yield). For the parameters of this study, the second peak in the fusion yield (compression yield) is strongly dependent on the choice of the flux limiter.

Bellei, C.; Amendt, P. A.; Wilks, S. C. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, 7000 East Avenue, Livermore, California 94550 (United States); Haines, M. G. [Blackett Laboratory, Imperial College, London SW7 2AZ (United Kingdom); Casey, D. T. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, 7000 East Avenue, Livermore, California 94550 (United States); Plasma Science and Fusion Center, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139 (United States); Li, C. K.; Petrasso, R. [Plasma Science and Fusion Center, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139 (United States); Welch, D. R. [Voss Scientic, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87108 (United States)

2013-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

411

Electrochemically Modulated Separation for Plutonium Safeguards  

SciTech Connect

Accurate and timely analysis of plutonium in spent nuclear fuel is critical in nuclear safeguards for detection of both protracted and rapid plutonium diversions. Gamma spectroscopy is a viable method for accurate and timely measurements of plutonium provided that the plutonium is well separated from the interfering fission and activation products present in spent nuclear fuel. Electrochemically modulated separation (EMS) is a method that has been used successfully to isolate picogram amounts of Pu from nitric acid matrices. With EMS, Pu adsorption may be turned "on" and "off" depending on the applied voltage, allowing for collection and stripping of Pu without the addition of chemical reagents. In this work, we have scaled up the EMS process to isolate microgram quantities of Pu from matrices encountered in spent nuclear fuel during reprocessing. Several challenges have been addressed including surface area limitations, radiolysis effects, electrochemical cell performance stability, and chemical interferences. After these challenges were resolved, 6 µg Pu was deposited in the electrochemical cell with approximately an 800-fold reduction of fission and activation product levels from a spent nuclear fuel sample. Modeling showed that these levels of Pu collection and interference reduction may not be sufficient for Pu detection by gamma spectroscopy. The main remaining challenges are to achieve a more complete Pu isolation and to deposit larger quantities of Pu for successful gamma analysis of Pu. If gamma analyses of Pu are successful, EMS will allow for accurate and timely on-site analysis for enhanced Pu safeguards.

Pratt, Sandra H.; Breshears, Andrew T.; Arrigo, Leah M.; Schwantes, Jon M.; Duckworth, Douglas C.

2013-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

412

Development of an electrochemical hydrogen separator  

SciTech Connect

The EHS is an electrochemical hydrogen separator based on the uniquely reversible nature of hydrogen oxidation-reduction reactions in electrochemical systems. The principle and the hardware concept are shown in Figure 1. Hydrogen from the mixed gas stream is oxidized to H{sup +} ions, transported through a cation transport electrolyte membrane (matrix) under an applied electric field and discharged in a pure hydrogen state on the cathode. The cation transfer electrolyte membrane provides a barrier between the feed and product gases. The EHS design is an offshoot of phosphoric acid fuel cell development. Although any proton transfer electrolyte can be used, the phosphoric acid based system offers a unique advantage because its operating temperature of {approximately}200{degree}C makes it tolerant to trace CO and also closely matches the water-shift reactor exit gas temperature ({approximately}250{degree}C). Hydrogen-containing streams in coal gasification systems have large carbon monoxide contents. For efficient hydrogen recovery, most of the CO must be converted to hydrogen by the low temperature water-shift reaction (Figure 2). Advanced coal gasification and gas separation technologies offer an important pathway to the clean utilization of coal resources.

Abens, S.; Fruchtman, J.; Kush, A.

1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

Simultaneous acoustic and microwave backscattering from the sea surface  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Simultaneous and coincident measurements of acoustic and microwavebackscatter from the air/sea interface were obtained during Phase II of the SAXON-FPN experiment in December 1992 and again in March 1993. The acoustic and microwave grazing angles were both set to 17° and the wavelengths were matched being set to 2.14 3.00 and 5.66 cm corresponding to respectively acoustic frequencies of 26.5 50 and 70 kHz and microwave frequencies of 5.3 10 and 14 GHz. Backscattering cross sections normalized by ensonified area for the acoustic (? 0 a ) and microwave (? 0 m ) returns were determined and their dependence on wind speed was investigated. The acoustic scattering strength is defined as 10? log 10 (? 0 a ) and the microwavescattering strength is defined as 10? log 10 (? 0 m )?10? log 10 (4?). The results of these experiments show that the two scattering strengths are comparable at wind speeds below about 3 m/s but that the acoustic scattering strength increases much faster than the microwavescattering strength with increasing wind speed until reaching saturation. If these wind-speed dependencies are represented by a power law U n then n is 5–6 for ? 0 a and 2–4 for ? 0 m for wind speeds between 2 and 7 m/s. This difference is ascribed to the effect of bubbles on the acoustic backscatter. The more rapid increase of ? 0 a compared to ? 0 m implies that for our 17° grazing angle acoustic scattering from the surface is negligible at all but the lowest wind speeds. Therefore a simple model is used for bubble scattering to fit the acoustic data as a function of wind speed for all three acoustic frequencies. The bubble densities required to fit the data agree well with previous measurements of near-surface bubble distributions. The model predicts an overshoot of the acoustic scattering strength (above the saturation level) at moderate wind speeds which is clearly seen in the data at 26.5 and 70 kHz. Finally a composite surface scatteringmodel is utilized for the pure surface scattering component along with the bubble model to predict the wind-speed dependence of the acoustic scattering strength at a 45° grazing angle and compare the results with earlier measurements.

Peter H. Dahl; William J. Plant; Bernd Nützel; Anke Schmidt; Heinz Herwig; Eugene A. Terray

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

NEAR-MILLIMETER SPECTRUM OF THE MICROWAVE BACKGROUND  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

terminated at time B. Thermometers T1 through T7 are locatedindicated in Fig. 1. The thermometer T8 , which was immersedand a heater. A separate thermometer was used to monitor the

Woody, D.P.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

A New Microwave Temperature Profiler Â… First Measurements in Polar Regions  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Microwave Temperature Profiler - First Microwave Temperature Profiler - First Measurements in Polar Regions E. N. Kadygrov, A. V. Koldaev, and A. S. Viazankin Central Aerological Observatory Moscow, Russia A. Argentini, and A. Conidi Institute of Atmospheric Physics CNR, Italy Introduction Temperature inversions are a ubiquitous feature of the high latitude atmospheric boundary layer (ABL). In Polar Regions, the temperature inversion is a complicated phenomenon involving interactions between surface radiative cooling, subsidence and warm air advection. In the period 1997-2002, several microwave temperature profilers were used to measure temperature inversion parameters at one of the three sites of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM)

416

Microwave Absorption and Radiation from Large-area Multilayer CVD Graphene  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the emergence of reproducible large-area synthesis of graphene by chemical coplanar waveguides [21–23], rectangular waveguides [24], ve been carried out in the microwave transisto t and dyn osed [36]. multilayer graphene is also of great interest as a h... metamaterial in the THz regime [37]. Microwave absorption of graphene composites have been experimentally studied to design microwave absorbing mate- * Corresponding author. C A R B O N 7 7 ( 2 0 1 4 ) 8 1 4 –8 2 2 Avai lab le at www.sc iencedi rect .com...

Wu, Bian; Tuncer, Hatice M.; Katsounaros, Anestis; Wu, Weiping; Cole, Matthew T.; Ying, Kai; Zhang, Lianhong; Milne, William I.; Hao, Yang

417

Characterization of low-temperature microwave loss of thin aluminum oxide formed by plasma oxidation  

SciTech Connect

We report on the characterization of microwave loss of thin aluminum oxide films at low temperatures using superconducting lumped resonators. The oxide films are fabricated using plasma oxidation of aluminum and have a thickness of 5?nm. We measure the dielectric loss versus microwave power for resonators with frequencies in the GHz range at temperatures from 54 to 303?mK. The power and temperature dependence of the loss are consistent with the tunneling two-level system theory. These results are relevant to understanding decoherence in superconducting quantum devices. The obtained oxide films are thin and robust, making them suitable for capacitors in compact microwave resonators.

Deng, Chunqing, E-mail: cdeng@uwaterloo.ca; Otto, M.; Lupascu, A., E-mail: alupascu@uwaterloo.ca [Institute for Quantum Computing, Department of Physics and Astronomy, and Waterloo Institute for Nanotechnology, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario N2L 3G1 (Canada)

2014-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

418

On the mechanism of electromagnetic microwave absorption in superfluid helium  

SciTech Connect

In experiments on electromagnetic (EM) wave absorption in the microwave range in superfluid (SF) helium [1-3], a narrow EM field absorption line with a width on the order of (20-200) kHz was observed against the background of a wide absorption band with a width of 30-40 GHz at frequencies f{sub 0} Almost-Equal-To 110-180 GHz corresponding to the roton gap energy {Delta}{sub r}(T) in the temperature range 1.4-2.2 K. Using the so-called flexoelectric mechanism of polarization of helium atoms ({sup 4}He) in the presence of density gradients in SF helium (HeII), we show that nonresonance microwave absorption in the frequency range 170-200 GHz can be due to the existence of time-varying local density gradients produced by roton excitations in the bulk HeII. The absorption bandwidth is determined by the roton-roton scattering time in an equilibrium Boltzmann gas of rotons, which is t{sub r-r} Almost-Equal-To 3.4 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup -11} s at T = 1.4 K and decreases upon heating. We propose that the anomalously narrow microwave resonance absorption line in HeII at the roton frequency f{sub 0}(T) = {Delta}r(T)/2{pi}h appears due to the following two factors: (i) the discrete structure of the spectrum of the surface EM resonator modes in the form of a periodic sequence of narrow peaks and (ii) the presence of a stationary dipole layer in HeII near the resonator surface, which forms due to polarization of {sup 4}He atoms under the action of the density gradient associated with the vanishing of the density of the SF component at the solid wall. For this reason, the relaxation of nonequilibrium rotons generated in such a surface dipole layer is strongly suppressed, and the shape and width of the microwave resonance absorption line are determined by the roton density of states, which has a sharp peak at the edge of the roton gap in the case of weak dissipation. The effective dipole moments of rotons in the dipole layer can be directed either along or across the normal to the resonator surface, which explains the experimentally observed symmetric doublet splitting of the resonance absorption line in an external dc electric field perpendicular to the resonator surface. We show that negative absorption (induced emission) of EM field quanta observed after triggering a Kapitza 'heat gun' occurs when the occupation numbers for roton states due to 'pumping' of rotons exceed the occupation numbers of EM field photons in the resonator.

Pashitskii, E. A., E-mail: pashitsk@iop.kiev.ua; Pentegov, V. I. [National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Institute of Physics (Ukraine)

2012-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

419

Microwave impregnation of porous materials with thermal energy storage materials  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for impregnating a porous, non-metallic construction material with a solid phase-change material is described. The phase-change material in finely divided form is spread onto the surface of the porous material, after which the porous material is exposed to microwave energy for a time sufficient to melt the phase-change material. The melted material is spontaneously absorbed into the pores of the porous material. A sealing chemical may also be included with the phase-change material (or applied subsequent to the phase-change material) to seal the surface of the porous material. Fire retardant chemicals may also be included with the phase-change materials. The treated construction materials are better able to absorb thermal energy and exhibit increased heat storage capacity.

Benson, David K. (Golden, CO); Burrows, Richard W. (Conifer, CO)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

Microwave interferometer using 94-GHz solid-state sources  

SciTech Connect

A 94-GHz microwave interferometer has been designed for the Tandem Mirror Experiment Upgrade and the Mirror Fusion Test Facility to replace the 140-GHz system. The new system is smaller and has modular single-channel units designed for high reliability. It is magnetically shielded and can be mounted close to the machine, which allows the use of lower power solid-state sources. Test results of the 94-GHz prototype indicate that the phase resolution is better than 1/sup 0/, the Impatt FM noise is 5 MHz wide, and the Gunn FM noise is 6 kHz wide. This paper presents the antenna designs along with the test results and discusses the unique problems associated with diagnosing a high electron temperature plasma in the presence of electron cyclotron resonant heating.

Coffield, F.E.; Thomas, S.R.; Lang, D.D.; Stever, R.D.

1983-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

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421

Microwave plasma source for remote low energy ion stream  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A plasma source capable of delivering a narrow (2 to 3?in. diameter) low ion energy (10–30 eV) plasma stream has been designed and tested. Microwave plasmas were excited in a 3?in.?diam chamber by cw electromagnetic waves (2.45 GHz 200–1000 W) in the presence of static axial magnetic fields of 875–930 G. Plasma was delivered to the sample via a 12?in.?long 2?in.?diam?metal tube. Ion current densities of several hundred ?A/cm2 at gas pressures 1–3×10? 4 Torr (N2 Xe) were achieved at distances of 15–16 in. from the source output.

Oleg A. Popov; William Hale; August O. Westner

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Enhancement of accelerating field of microwave cavities by magnetic insulation  

SciTech Connect

Limitations on the maximum achievable accelerating gradient of microwave cavities can strongly influence the performance, length, and cost of particle accelerators. Gradient limitations are widely believed to be initiated by electron emission from the cavity surfaces. Here, we show that the deleterious effects of field emission are effectively suppressed by applying a tangential magnetic field to the cavity walls. With the aid of numerical simulations we compute the field strength required to insulate an 805 MHz cavity and estimate the cavity's tolerances to typical experimental errors such as magnet misalignments and positioning errors. Then, we review an experimental program, currently under progress, to further study the concept. Finally, we report on two specific examples that illustrate the feasibility of magnetic insulation into prospective particle accelerator applications.

Stratakis, D.; Gallardo, J.; Palmer, R.B.

2011-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

423

"Magic" radio-frequency dressing for trapped atomic microwave clocks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It has been proposed to use magnetically trapped atomic ensembles to enhance the interrogation time in microwave clocks. To mitigate the perturbing effects of the magnetic trap, "near-magic field" configurations are employed, where the involved clock transition becomes independent of the atoms potential energy to first order. Still, higher order effects are a dominating source for dephasing, limiting the perfomance of this approach. Here we propose a simple method to cancel the energy dependence to both, first and second order, using weak radio-frequency dressing. We give values for dressing frequencies, amplitudes, and trapping fields for 87Rb atoms and investigate quantitatively the robustness of these "second-order magic" conditions to variations of the system parameters. We conclude that radio-frequency dressing can suppress field-induced dephasing by at least one order of magnitude for typical experimental parameters.

Kazakov, Georgy A

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Development of microwave foaming method for phenolic insulation foams  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Many types of foams are used for thermal insulation in building, frozen food industries and LNG containment systems. Low thermal conductivity, low density and low flammability are required for thermal insulation. Among many foams, phenolic foams are preferred for thermal insulation due to its lower flammability and lower gas generation than any other polymer insulation foams. However, it takes long time to manufacture large size phenolic foams and the environmental regulation limits the use of blowing agents. Urethane foams and polystyrene foams are widely used in spite of their high flammability and toxic gas generation because conventional phenolic foams usually have higher thermal conductivity than expected. In this work, a foaming method for the resole-type phenolic foams was developed using microwave and air instead of blowing agents, and its thermal and mechanical properties were measured. From the measured results, it was found that the phenolic foams developed had low thermal conductivity and low density suitable for insulation foams.

Bu Gi Kim; Dai Gil Lee

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Microwave interferometer for plasma-density measurement on TMX Upgrade  

SciTech Connect

A four-channel microwave interferometer operating at 140 GHz has been designed for installation on the upgrade to the Tandem Mirror Experiment (TMX Upgrade). The instrument can be used to measure plasma density simultaneously at four locations: by reconnecting the waveguide runs, density can be measured at other locations of interest. The design is an outgrowth of a system used on TMX, but includes some newly developed hardware. An over-mode circular waveguide system is used to transport the signals over long distances with only moderate losses. Several precautions have been taken to limit the effect of possible interference from the electron cyclotron resonant heating (ECRH) system used to heat the plasma. A high-resolution linear phase comparator has been designed that will operate over the wide range of signals expected. A CAMAC-based data-acquisition system provides for automatic data sampling and archival after each shot.

Coffield, F.E.; Stever, R.D.; Lund, N.P.

1981-09-25T23:59:59.000Z

426

Microwave impregnation of porous materials with thermal energy storage materials  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for impregnating a porous, non-metallic construction material with a solid phase-change material is described. The phase-change material in finely divided form is spread onto the surface of the porous material, after which the porous material is exposed to microwave energy for a time sufficient to melt the phase-change material. The melted material is spontaneously absorbed into the pores of the porous material. A sealing chemical may also be included with the phase-change material (or applied subsequent to the phase-change material) to seal the surface of the porous material. Fire retardant chemicals may also be included with the phase-change materials. The treated construction materials are better able to absorb thermal energy and exhibit increased heat storage capacity.

Benson, D.K.; Burrows, R.W.

1993-04-13T23:59:59.000Z

427

Weighing the Universe with the Cosmic Microwave Background  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Variations in $\\Omega$, the total density of the Universe, leave a clear and distinctive imprint on the power spectrum of temperature fluctuations in the cosmic microwave background (CMB). This signature is virtually independent of other cosmological parameters or details of particular cosmological models. We evaluate the precision with which $\\Omega$ can be determined by a CMB map as a function of sky coverage, pixel noise, and beam size. For example, assuming only that the primordial density perturbations were adiabatic and with no prior information on the values of any other cosmological parameters, a full-sky CMB map at $0.5^\\circ$ angular resolution and a noise level of $15\\,\\mu{\\rm K}$ per pixel can determine $\\Omega$ with a variance of 5\\%. If all other cosmological parameters are fixed, $\\Omega$ can be measured to better than 1\\%.

Gerard Jungman; Marc Kamionkowski; Arthur Kosowsky; David N. Spergel

1995-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

428

Measurement of a Peak in the Cosmic Microwave Background Power  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We describe a measurement of the angular power spectrum of anisotropies in the cosmic microwave background (CMB) at scales of 03 to 5° from the North American test flight of the Boomerang experiment. Boomerang is a balloon-borne telescope with a bolometric receiver designed to map CMB anisotropies on a long-duration balloon flight. During a 6 hr test flight of a prototype system in 1997, we mapped more than 200 deg2 at high Galactic latitudes in two bands centered at 90 and 150 GHz with a resolution of 26' and 165 FWHM, respectively. Analysis of the maps gives a power spectrum with a peak at angular scales of 1° with an amplitude 70 ?KCMB.

P. D. Mauskopf; P. A. R. Ade; P. de Bernardis; J. J. Bock; J. Borrill; A. Boscaleri; B. P. Crill; G. DeGasperis; G. De Troia; P. Farese; P. G. Ferreira; K. Ganga; M. Giacometti; S. Hanany; V. V. Hristov; A. Iacoangeli; A. H. Jaffe; A. E. Lange; A. T. Lee; S. Masi; A. Melchiorri; F. Melchiorri; L. Miglio; T. Montroy; C. B. Netterfield; E. Pascale; F. Piacentini; P. L. Richards; G. Romeo; J. E. Ruhl; E. Scannapieco; F. Scaramuzzi; R. Stompor; N. Vittorio

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Cu doped CdS nanoparticles: A versatile and recoverable catalyst for chemoselective synthesis of indolo[2,3-b]quinoxaline derivatives under microwave irradiation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract CdS and Cu doped CdS \\{NPs\\} has been obtained successfully using safe agents through a simple aqueous chemical method and characterized by XRD, TEM, SEM, EDAX, UV/VIS and ICP-AES. These investigations revealed that the particle size of the synthesized materials were uniformly distributed in the range of 2–4 nm and confirm the Cu doping in the lattice of CdS NPs. These nanoparticles were exploited to study their catalytic activities toward the chemoselective synthesis of indolo[2,3-b]quinoxalines by the reaction of isatins with 1,2-diamines in ethylene glycol under microwave irradiation. The method showed remarkable selectivity for indolo[2,3-b]quinoxalines over 3-imino-isatin, spirobenzimidazole, and ring-opened quinoxalinone derivatives. The catalytic activity of Cu doped CdS \\{NPs\\} was found to be about 18-fold higher under microwave irradiation (MW) as compared to the conventional method. Nanocatalyst plays a dual role of catalyst as well as susceptor, and enhances the overall capacity to absorb MW in the reaction mixture. Doping of Cu promotes the activity and selectivity of CdS nanoparticles indicated by high TOF value with good chemoselectivity. The surface acidity of \\{NPs\\} was measured by FTIR spectra of chemisorbed pyridine. Simple workup, mild reaction conditions, low cost, easy separation, and reusability of the catalyst are some advantages of this method.

Anshu Dandia; Vijay Parewa; Shuchi Maheshwari; Kuldeep S. Rathore

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

A Novel CO2 Separation System  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Novel CO Novel CO 2 Separation System Robert J. Copeland (copeland@tda.com 303-940-2323) Gokhan Alptekin (galtpekin@tda.com 303 940-2349) Mike Cesario (czar@tda.com 303-940-2336) Yevgenia Gershanovich (ygershan@tda.com 303-940-2346) TDA Research, Inc. 12345 West 52 nd Avenue Wheat Ridge, Colorado 80033-1917 Project Summary NEED Concern over global climate change has led to a need to reduce CO 2 emissions from power plants. Unfortunately, current CO 2 capture processes reduce the efficiency with which fuel can be converted to electricity by 9-37%, and CO 2 capture costs can exceed $70 per tonne 1 of CO 2 (Herzog, Drake, and Adams 1997). OBJECTIVE To generate electricity with little reduction in conversion efficiency while emitting little or no CO 2 to the atmosphere, TDA Research, Inc. (TDA) is developing a Novel CO

431

Separable geodesic action slicing in stationary spacetimes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A simple observation about the action for geodesics in a stationary spacetime with separable geodesic equations leads to a natural class of slicings of that spacetime whose orthogonal geodesic trajectories represent freely falling observers. The time coordinate function can then be taken to be the observer proper time, leading to a unit lapse function. This explains some of the properties of the original Painlev\\'e-Gullstrand coordinates on the Schwarzschild spacetime and their generalization to the Kerr-Newman family of spacetimes, reproducible also locally for the G\\"odel spacetime. For the static spherically symmetric case the slicing can be chosen to be intrinsically flat with spherically symmetric geodesic observers, leaving all the gravitational field information in the shift vector field.

Donato Bini; Andrea Geralico; Robert T. Jantzen

2014-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

432

Device and method for separating oxygen isotopes  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A device and method for separating oxygen isotopes with an ArF laser which produces coherent radiation at approximately 193 nm. The output of the ArF laser is filtered in natural air and applied to an irradiation cell where it preferentially photodissociates molecules of oxygen gas containing .sup.17 O or .sup.18 O oxygen nuclides. A scavenger such as O.sub.2, CO or ethylene is used to collect the preferentially dissociated oxygen atoms and recycled to produce isotopically enriched molecular oxygen gas. Other embodiments utilize an ArF laser which is narrowly tuned with a prism or diffraction grating to preferentially photodissociate desired isotopes. Similarly, desired mixtures of isotopic gas can be used as a filter to photodissociate enriched preselected isotopes of oxygen.

Rockwood, Stephen D. (Los Alamos, NM); Sander, Robert K. (Los Alamos, NM)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Brueckner Reaction Matrix and Separable Potentials  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The binding energy of He4 and O16 was calculated using reaction matrix elements of Tabakin's potential. A separable form of the potential has been used to reduce the basic equation to a simple linear algebraic system. The Pauli operator Q defined in terms of harmonic-oscillator intermediate states permits an easy and accurate calculation. Our numerical results for the binding energies include the first- and second-order contributions. A very resonable agreement between the experimental and theoretical values has been obtained, since the occupied-state energies are made nearly self-consistent and a cancellation of other important higher-order contributions has been achieved by a shift of the entire harmonic-oscillator spectra.

M. Gmitro and M. Sotona

1970-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

Range Separated Brueckner Coupled Cluster Doubles Theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We introduce a range-separation approximation to coupled cluster doubles (CCD) theory that successfully overcomes limitations of regular CCD when applied to the uniform electron gas. We combine the short-range ladder channel with the long-range ring channel in the presence of a Bruckner renormalized one-body interaction and obtain ground-state energies with an accuracy of 0.001 a.u./electron across a wide range of density regimes. Our scheme is particularly useful in the low-density and strongly-correlated regimes, where regular CCD has serious drawbacks. Moreover, we cure the infamous overcorrelation of approaches based on ring diagrams (i.e. the particle-hole random phase approximation). Our energies are further shown to have appropriate basis set and thermodynamic limit convergence, and overall this scheme promises energetic properties for realistic periodic and extended systems which existing methods do not possess.

Shepherd, James J; Scuseria, Gustavo E

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

Marine clathrate mining and sediment separation  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method and apparatus for mining of hydrocarbons from a hydrocarbon-containing clathrate such as is found on the ocean floor. The hydrocarbon containing clathrate is disaggregated from sediment by first disrupting clathrate-containing strata using continuous mining means such as a rotary tilling drum, a fluid injector, or a drill. The clathrate-rich portion of sediment thus disrupted from the sea floor strata are carried through the apparatus to regions of relative lower pressure and/or relative higher temperature where the clathrate further dissociates into component hydrocarbons and water. The hydrocarbon is recovered with the assistance of a gas that is injected and buoys the hydrocarbon containing clathrate helping it to rise to regions of lower pressure and temperature where hydrocarbon is released. The sediment separated from the hydrocarbon returns to the ocean floor.

Borns, David J. (Albuquerque, NM); Hinkebein, Thomas E. (Albuquerque, NM); Lynch, Richard W. (Albuquerque, NM); Northrop, David A. (Albuquerque, NM)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Development of an electrochemical hydrogen separator  

SciTech Connect

The electrochemical hydrogen separator (EHS), under development at ERC, has several attractive features: The operating temperature (150{degree}C--200{degree}C) is higher than those associated with the currently available devices and is compatible with the low temperature shift reactors. The EHS can operate at atmospheric as well as elevated pressures and the product H{sub 2} is available at the feed stream pressure. High hydrogen recovery factor: 90% H{sub 2} recovery from feed streams containing less than 10% hydrogen is feasible. High hydrogen purity: The product H{sub 2} purity is >99% (dry basis) and is virtually independent of H{sub 2} concentration in the feed gas. The process is continuous. Low energy cost: Depending upon the operating conditions, the energy requirement varies between 2 to 6 kWh/1000 SCF of recovered hydrogen.

Abens, S.; Fruchtman, J.; Kush, A.

1992-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

Development of an electrochemical hydrogen separator  

SciTech Connect

The electrochemical hydrogen separator (EHS), under development at ERC, has several attractive features: The operating temperature (150[degree]C--200[degree]C) is higher than those associated with the currently available devices and is compatible with the low temperature shift reactors. The EHS can operate at atmospheric as well as elevated pressures and the product H[sub 2] is available at the feed stream pressure. High hydrogen recovery factor: 90% H[sub 2] recovery from feed streams containing less than 10% hydrogen is feasible. High hydrogen purity: The product H[sub 2] purity is >99% (dry basis) and is virtually independent of H[sub 2] concentration in the feed gas. The process is continuous. Low energy cost: Depending upon the operating conditions, the energy requirement varies between 2 to 6 kWh/1000 SCF of recovered hydrogen.

Abens, S.; Fruchtman, J.; Kush, A.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

Immobilized fluid membranes for gas separation  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Provided herein are immobilized liquid membranes for gas separation, methods of preparing such membranes and uses thereof. In one example, the immobilized membrane includes a porous metallic host matrix and an immobilized liquid fluid (such as a silicone oil) that is immobilized within one or more pores included within the porous metallic host matrix. The immobilized liquid membrane is capable of selective permeation of one type of molecule (such as oxygen) over another type of molecule (such as water). In some examples, the selective membrane is incorporated into a device to supply oxygen from ambient air to the device for electrochemical reactions, and at the same time, to block water penetration and electrolyte loss from the device.

Liu, Wei; Canfield, Nathan L; Zhang, Jian; Li, Xiaohong Shari; Zhang, Jiguang

2014-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

439

Separation of Polyhydroxylflavonoids by Packed-Column Supercritical Fluid Chromatography  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......isorhamnetin, kampcetin, quercetin, and fisetin are efficiently separated using supercritical...isorhamnetin, kampcetin, quercetin, and fisetin are efficiently separated using supercritical...v) Isorhamnetin Kampcetin Quercetin Fisetin 0.025 6.98 10.20 11.09 -- 0......

Zhimin Liu; Suoqi Zhao; Ren'an Wang; Guanghua Yang

1999-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

Electrochemically-mediated amine regeneration for carbon dioxide separations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis describes a new strategy for carbon dioxide (CO?) separations based on amine sorbents, which are electrochemically-mediated to facilitate the desorption and regeneration steps of the separation cycle. The ...

Stern, Michael C. (Michael Craig)

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "microwave separate dishwasher" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Multifunctional, Inorganic-Filled Separators for Large Format...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

for excellent power capability Separator morphology --- 67% Al 2 O 3 Surface Fracture Fracture SEM --- 67% Al 2 O 3 Separator morphology --- 69% SiO 2 Surface Fracture...

442

Feedback control of flow separation using synthetic jets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The primary goal of this research is to assess the effect of synthetic jets on flow separation and provide a feedback control strategy for flow separation using synthetic jets. The feedback control synthesis is conducted based upon CFD simulation...

Kim, Kihwan

2006-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

443

One-Channel Audio Source Separation of Convolutive Mixture  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Methods based on one-channel audio source separation are more practical than multi-channel ones in the real world applications. In this paper we proposed a new method to separate audio signals from single conv...

Jalal Taghia; Jalil Taghia

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Report of the DOE Workshop on Hydrogen Separations and Purification  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Energy Energy Bringing you a prosperous future where energy is clean, abundant, reliable and affordable Report of the DOE Workshop on Hydrogen Separations and Purification September 8-9, 2004 Arlington, VA U.S. Department of Energy Office of Hydrogen, Fuel Cells & Infrastructure Technologies CONTENTS INTRODUCTION ...............................................................................................1 Background ................................................................................................................. 1 Current Hydrogen Separation Technology .................................................................. 2 Hydrogen Membrane Separation Technologies .......................................................... 3 HYDROGEN MEMBRANE SEPARATION PERFORMANCE TARGETS.........................6

445

Advances and problems in plasma-optical mass-separation  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents a short review of plasma-optical mass-separation and defines the fields for its possible application. During theoretical studies, numerical simulations, and experiments, the effect of the azimuthator finite size and of the vacuum conditions on the mass separator characteristics was revealed, as well as the quality of different-mass ion separation. The problems, solving which may lead to a successful end of the mass-separation plasma-optical technique implementation, were specified.

Bardakov, V. M.; Ivanov, S. D.; Strokin, N. A. [Institute for Physics and Technology, Irkutsk State Technical University, Irkutsk, Ulitsa Lermontova, 83, 664074 Irkutsk (Russian Federation)] [Institute for Physics and Technology, Irkutsk State Technical University, Irkutsk, Ulitsa Lermontova, 83, 664074 Irkutsk (Russian Federation)

2014-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

446

New Energy Efficiency Standards for Microwave Ovens to Save Consumers on  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy Efficiency Standards for Microwave Ovens to Save Energy Efficiency Standards for Microwave Ovens to Save Consumers on Energy Bills New Energy Efficiency Standards for Microwave Ovens to Save Consumers on Energy Bills May 31, 2013 - 3:26pm Addthis NEWS MEDIA CONTACT (202) 586-4940 WASHINGTON - U.S. Energy Secretary Ernest Moniz announced today that the Energy Department has finalized new energy efficiency standards for microwave ovens that will save consumers nearly $3 billion on their energy bills through 2030. Over the next 30 years, it will dramatically reduce harmful carbon pollution, equivalent to taking over 12 million new cars off the road for one year. "Appliance efficiency standards represent a huge opportunity to help families save money by saving energy, while still delivering high quality

447

Simulation of Wind-Vector Estimation — Design Evaluation of Microwave Scatterometer -  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

One of several representative features of the microwave scatterometer(SCAT), which has been being developed by NASDA since 1979, is in its higher capability of wind alias removal by providing three differently mo...

Masanobu Shimada; Masao Sasanuma

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Monitoring Agricultural Risk in Canada Using L-Band Passive Microwave Soil Moisture from SMOS  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Soil moisture from Soil Moisture Ocean Salinity (SMOS) passive microwave satellite data was assessed as an information source for identifying regions experiencing climate-related agricultural risk for a period from 2010-2013. Both absolute soil ...

Catherine Champagne; Andrew Davidson; Patrick Cherneski; Jessika L’Heureux; Trevor Hadwen

449

Microwave-induced thermoacoustic tomography: applications and corrections for the effects of acoustic heterogeneities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This research is primarily focused on developing potential applications for microwaveinduced thermoacoustic tomography and correcting for image degradations caused by acoustic heterogeneities. Microwave-induced thermoacoustic tomography was first...

Jin, Xing

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

450

Gas Chromatography—Microwave-Induced Plasma for the Determination of Halogenated Hydrocarbons  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Spectroscopic Microwave generator: Applied Research...helium and argon at atmospheric pressures. Spec...plasma in helium at atmospheric pressure as an element-selective...organic compounds in water by gas chromatography (atmospheric pres sure helium......

M.M. Abdillahi

1990-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

Novel Direct Steelmaking by Combining Microwave, Electric Arc, and Exothermal Heating Technologies  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This factsheet describes a project to develop direct steelmaking through the combination of microwave, electric arc, and exothermal heating, a process which is meant to eliminate traditional, intermediate steelmaking steps.

452

Determination of Wear Metals in Marine Lubricating Oils by Microwave Digestion and Atomic Absorption Spectrometry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

?The difficulties associated with the development of a microwave-assisted acid digestion of lubricating oils in determination of wear metals are presented. The interest of this sample treatment lies in its bas...

Celestino Sanz-Segundo; María P. Hernández-Artiga…

1999-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Application of a Device for Uniform Web Drying and Preheating Using Microwave Energy  

SciTech Connect

The project summarized in this report dealt with an evaluation of new microwave applicator ideas for paper preheating and drying. The technical basis for success in this project is the fact that Industrial Microwave Systems has recently identified certain previously unrecognized wave guide ''design variables'' and hardware implementation concepts that can be employed to greatly improve the uniformity of microwave energy distribution for continuous flow processes. Two applicator concepts were ultimately evaluated, a Cross-Machine Direction (CD) oriented applicator and a Machine Direction (MD) oriented applicator. The economic basis for success is the result of several factors. Since 1985, the capital expenditure required for an industrial microwave applicator system has decreased by a factor of four. The maintenance costs have decreased by a factor of 10 and the life expectancy of the magnetron has increased by more than a factor of four to in excess of 8,000 hours (nearly one year at 24 hours/day operation).

Frederick W. Ahrens; C. Habeger; J. Loughran; T. Patterson

2003-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

454

Experimental and Theoretical Studies of a Pulsed Microwave Excited Ar/CF4 Plasma  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The present work deals with a pulsed microwave discharge in an Ar/CF 4 gas mixture under a low pressure (1–10 mbar). The discharge chamber developed has a cylindri...

M. Baeva; X. Luo; J. H. Schäfer; J. Uhlenbusch…

1998-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Spatial Characterization of the Atmospheric-Pressure Moderate-Power He Microwave-Induced Plasma  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Three-dimensional emission profiles of several metallic and nonmetallic elements from a moderate-power (450 W) atmospheric-pressure helium microwave-induced plasma (He MIP) are...

Pak, Yong-Nam; Koirtyohann, S R

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

Argon and neon plasma columns in continuous surface wave microwave discharge at atmospheric pressure  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper the results of experimental investigations of a surface wave sustained discharge during continuous mode of operation are given. The surfaguide based microwave plasma torch operated at frequency of 2...

D. Czylkowski; M. Jasi?ski; J. Mizeraczyk; Z. Zakrzewski

2006-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Microwave Properties of Ice-Phase Hydrometeors for Radar and Radiometers: Sensitivity to Model Assumptions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A simplified framework is presented for assessing the qualitative sensitivities of computed microwave properties, satellite brightness temperatures, and radar reflectivities to assumptions concerning the physical properties of ice-phase ...

Benjamin T. Johnson; Grant W. Petty; Gail Skofronick-Jackson

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Retrieval of cloud-cleared atmospheric temperature profiles from hyperspectral infrared and microwave observations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis addresses the problem of retrieving the temperature profile of the Earth's atmosphere from overhead infrared and microwave observations of spectral radiance in cloudy conditions. The contributions of the thesis ...

Blackwell, William Joseph, 1971-

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

Coupled microwave ECR and radio-frequency plasma source for plasma processing  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

In a dual plasma device, the first plasma is a microwave discharge having its own means of plasma initiation and control. The microwave discharge operates at electron cyclotron resonance (ECR), and generates a uniform plasma over a large area of about 1000 cm[sup 2] at low pressures below 0.1 mtorr. The ECR microwave plasma initiates the second plasma, a radio frequency (RF) plasma maintained between parallel plates. The ECR microwave plasma acts as a source of charged particles, supplying copious amounts of a desired charged excited species in uniform manner to the RF plasma. The parallel plate portion of the apparatus includes a magnetic filter with static magnetic field structure that aids the formation of ECR zones in the two plasma regions, and also assists in the RF plasma also operating at electron cyclotron resonance. 4 figures.

Tsai, C.C.; Haselton, H.H.

1994-03-08T23:59:59.000Z

460

Features of technology of high-temperature superconductor films for microwave filters  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The characteristics of fourth-order bandpass microwave filters based on high-temperature super-conductor (HTS) films have been numerically simulated and experimentally measured for the devices based on YBCO fi...

I. B. Vendik; O. G. Vendik; K. N. Zemlyakov; I. V. Kolmakova…

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "microwave separate dishwasher" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Impact of Infrared, Microwave, and Radio Occultation Satellite Observations on Operational Numerical Weather Prediction  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A comparison of the impact of infrared (IR), microwave (MW), and radio occultation (RO) observations on NCEP’s operational global forecast model over the month of March 2013 is presented. Analyses and forecasts with only IR, MW, and RO ...

L. Cucurull; R. A. Anthes

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

The Radiometric Sensitivity Requirements for Satellite Microwave Temperature Sounding Instruments for Numerical Weather Prediction  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The sensitivity of NWP forecast accuracy with respect to the radiometric performance of microwave sounders is assessed through a series of observing system experiments at the Met Office and ECMWF. The observing system experiments compare the ...

William Bell; Sabatino Di Michele; Peter Bauer; Tony McNally; Stephen J. English; Nigel Atkinson; Fiona Hilton; Janet Charlton

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Passive microwave observations of mesoscale convective systems over the tropical Pacific Ocean  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents high resolution passive microwave measurements obtained in the western Pacific warm pool region. These measurements represent the first comprehensive observations of convection over the tropical oceans, and were obtained from...

McGaughey, Gary Rae

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

464

A Technique for Deducing Wind Direction from Satellite Microwave Measurements of Wind Speed  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A technique is presented to deduce wind direction from satellite microwave measurements of wind speed information. The technique, based on simple Ekman boundary layer dynamics, makes use of surface pressure fields routinely analyzed at the ...

Tsann-wang Yu

1987-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

Theory of microwave-induced zero-resistance states in two-dimensional electron systems  

SciTech Connect

The phenomena of microwave-induced zero-resistance states (MIZRS) and microwave-induced resistance oscillations (MIRO) were discovered in ultraclean two-dimensional electron systems in 2001-2003 and have attracted great interest from researchers. In spite of numerous theoretical efforts, the true origin of these effects remains unknown so far. We show that the MIRO-ZRS phenomena are naturally explained by the influence of the ponderomotive forces which arise in the near-contact regions of two-dimensional electron gas under the action of microwaves. The proposed analytical theory is in agreement with all experimental facts accumulated so far and provides a simple and self-evident explanation of the microwave frequency, polarization, magnetic field, mobility, power, and temperature dependencies of the observed effects.

Mikhailov, S. A. [Institute of Physics, University of Augsburg, D-86135 Augsburg (Germany)

2011-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

466

PUBLISHED ONLINE: 15 SEPTEMBER 2013 | DOI: 10.1038/NPHYS2748 Nanomechanical coupling between microwave  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

microwave transmission line, enabling strong electromechanical coupling through the piezoelectric effect, with signals routed to a pair of optical fibres by means of on-chip grating couplers. The optical design

Loss, Daniel

467

A spinning thermometer to monitor microwave heating and glass transitions in dynamic  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A spinning thermometer to monitor microwave heating and glass transitions in dynamic nuclear in a static rotor by inserting a platinum thermometer. The accuracy is better than Ã? 0.9 K, even

468

Four-port gas separation membrane module assembly  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A gas-separation membrane assembly, and a gas-separation process using the assembly. The assembly incorporates multiple gas-separation membranes in an array within a single vessel or housing, and is equipped with two permeate ports, enabling permeate gas to be withdrawn from both ends of the membrane module permeate pipes.

Wynn, Nicholas P. (Redwood City, CA); Fulton, Donald A. (Fairfield, CA); Lokhandwala, Kaaeid A. (Fremont, CA); Kaschemekat, Jurgen (Campbell, CA)

2010-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

469

Separating Signal from Noise in Global Warming Bert W. Rust  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Separating Signal from Noise in Global Warming Bert W. Rust Reprinted from the CD Rust, B. W. (2003) "Separating Signal from Noise in Global Warming," Computing Science and Statistics, 35, 263-277. ­ or ­ Rust, B. W. (2003) "Separating Signal from Noise in Global Warming," Computing Science and Statistics, 35

Rust, Bert W.

470

Separation of Azeotropic Mixtures in Closed Batch Distillation Arrangements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Separation of Azeotropic Mixtures in Closed Batch Distillation Arrangements S. Skouras and S, Norway SCOPE OF THE PROJECT ·How can we separate ternary mixtures in closed batch distillation-up period is required, followed by a heteroazeotropic distillation step (Figure 3) Modified: The separation

Skogestad, Sigurd

471

Home > Visit apartments online > Vacation Rental > Bailleul I own an Apartment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with baker, wine shop, pharmacy and small bars and bistrots with a FRANPRIX supermarket nearby and security description: - 1890 Building, 4 floor, with lift, entry code security system, with interphone, 2 Bedrooms Apt clean. - Dishwasher, Refrigerator, Freezer, Cooking rings, Oven, Microwave, Dinnerware and serving

Gray, Robert M.

472

Home > Visit apartments online > Vacation Rental > Bailleul I own an Apartment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Paris ambience with baker, wine shop, pharmacy and small bars and bistrots with a FRANPRIX supermarket floor, entry code security system, with interphone, 2 Bedrooms Apt, furnished, 66m / 660 sqft, high. - Dishwasher, Refrigerator, Freezer, Cooking rings, Oven, Microwave, Dinnerware and serving pieces, Toaster

Gray, Robert M.

473

Microwave applicator for in-drum processing of radioactive waste slurry  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A microwave applicator for processing of radioactive waste slurry uses a waveguide network which splits an input microwave of TE[sub 10] rectangular mode to TE[sub 01] circular mode. A cylindrical body has four openings, each receiving 1/4 of the power input. The waveguide network includes a plurality of splitters to effect the 1/4 divisions of power. 4 figures.

White, T.L.

1994-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

474

A Comparison of Direct Heating During Radiofrequency and Microwave Ablation in Ex Vivo Liver  

SciTech Connect

This study was designed to determine the magnitude and spatial distribution of temperature elevations when using 480 kHz RF and 2.45 GHz microwave energy in ex vivo liver models. A total of 60 heating cycles (20 s at 90 W) were performed in normal, RF-ablated, and microwave-ablated liver tissues (n = 10 RF and n = 10 microwave in each tissue type). Heating cycles were performed using a 480-kHz generator and 3-cm cooled-tip electrode (RF) or a 2.45-GHz generator and 14-gauge monopole (microwave) and were designed to isolate direct heating from each energy type. Tissue temperatures were measured by using fiberoptic thermosensors 5, 10, and 15 mm radially from the ablation applicator at the depth of maximal heating. Power delivered, sensor location, heating rates, and maximal temperatures were compared using mixed effects regression models. No significant differences were noted in mean power delivered or thermosensor locations between RF and microwave heating groups (P > 0.05). Microwaves produced significantly more rapid heating than RF at 5, 10, and 15 mm in normal tissue (3.0 vs. 0.73, 0.85 vs. 0.21, and 0.17 vs. 0.09 Degree-Sign C/s; P < 0.05); and at 5 and 10 mm in ablated tissues (2.3 {+-} 1.4 vs. 0.7 {+-} 0.3, 0.5 {+-} 0.3 vs. 0.2 {+-} 0 Degree-Sign C/s, P < 0.05). The radial depth of heating was {approx}5 mm greater for microwaves than RF. Direct heating obtained with 2.45-GHz microwave energy using a single needle-like applicator is faster and covers a larger volume of tissue than 480-kHz RF energy.

Andreano, Anita; Brace, Christopher L., E-mail: clbrace@wisc.edu [University of Wisconsin, Department of Radiology (United States)

2013-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

475

Fabrication of optoelectronic microwave linear and ring resonators on a gallium arsenide substrate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

FABRICATION OF OPTOELECTRONIC MICROWAVE LINEAR AND RING RESONATORS ON A GALLIUM ARSENIDE SUBSTRATE A Thesis by CHUN-LIANG YEH Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas ASM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1993 Major Subject: Electrical Engineering FABRICATION OF OPTOELECTRONIC MICROWAVE LINEAR AND RING RESONATORS ON A GALLIUM ARSENIDE SUBSTRATE A Thesis by CHUN-LIANG YEH Approved as to style and content by: Mark...

Yeh, Chun-Liang

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

Heterogeneous catalytic wet peroxide oxidation of phenol over delaminated Fe–Ti-PILC employing microwave irradiation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Delaminated Fe-exchanged Ti-pillared interlayered montmorillonite (Fe–Ti-PILC) was prepared and its catalytic performance as heterogeneous catalyst in wet hydrogen peroxide oxidation of phenol employing microwave irradiation was firstly evaluated. The obtained results indicated that the application of the catalyst allows a comparatively high removal of COD and a total elimination of phenol under mild conditions, without obvious leaching of iron species. The introduction of microwave irradiation could greatly shorten the reaction time.

Jian Guo Mei; Shao Ming Yu; Jun Cheng

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

Two-gigawatt burst-mode operation of the intense microwave prototype (IMP) free-electron laser (FEL) for the microwave tokamak experiment (MTX)  

SciTech Connect

The MTX explored the plasma heating effects of 140 GHz microwaves from both Gyrotrons and from the IMP FEL wiggler. The Gyrotron was long pulse length (0.5 seconds maximum) and the FEL produced short-pulse length, high-peak power, single and burst modes of 140 GHZ microwaves. Full-power operations of the IMP FEL wiggler were commenced in April of 1992 and continued into October of 1992. The Experimental Test Accelerator H (ETA-II) provided a 50-nanosecond, 6-MeV, 2--3 kAmp electron beam that was introduced co-linear into the IMP FEL with a 140 GHz Gyrotron master oscillator (MO). The FEL was able to amplify the MO signal from approximately 7 kW to peaks consistently in the range of 1--2 GW. This microwave pulse was transmitted into the MTX and allowed the exploration of the linear and non-linear effects of short pulse, intense power in the MTX plasma. Single pulses were used to explore and gain operating experience in the parameter space of the IMP FEL, and finally evaluate transmission and absorption in the MTX. Single-pulse operations were repeatable. After the MTX was shut down burst-mode operations were successful at 2 kHz. This paper will describe the IMP FEL, Microwave Transmission System to MTX, the diagnostics used for calorimetric measurements, and the operations of the entire Microwave system. A discussion of correlated and uncorrelated errors that affect FEL performance will be made Linear and non-linear absorption data of the microwaves in the MTX plasma will be presented.

Felker, B.; Allen, S.; Bell, H. [and others

1993-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

478

Microwave influence on the isolated heart function. 2: Combined effect of radiation and some drugs  

SciTech Connect

The combined effects of microwave radiation and some drugs were studied in an isolated frog auricle preparation. The experiments established that exposure to pulse-modulated 915 Mhz microwaves for up to 40 min had no effect on either the rate or the amplitude of spontaneous auricle twitches, unless the average absorbed power was high enough to produce preparation heating. Treatment of the preparation with saline containing (0.6--3.0) 10{sup {minus}5} M of propranolol or (0.5--1.5) 10{sup {minus}7} M of atropine altered neither its pacemaker nor its contractile functions; these drugs also had no effect when they were combined with nonthermal microwave irradiation. Caffeine (1 mM) strongly increased the average heart power, which was calculated as the product of twitch rate ad amplitude. The caffeine effect appeared to be significantly augmented (by about 15%, P<0.02) under exposure to burst-type pulsed microwaves (pulse width, 1.5 msec; pause, 2.5 msec; 8 pulses/burst, 16 bursts/s; average SAR, 8--10 W/kg). By itself, this modulation was not effective; the heating of the preparation and saline during exposure was approximately 0.1 C, which could not account for the detected changes. The experimental results demonstrate that caffeine treatment increases the microwave sensitivity of the frog auricle preparation and reveals primarily subthreshold, nonthermal microwave effect.

Pakhomov, A.G.; Dubovick, B.V.; Degtyariov, I.G.; Pronkevich, A.N. [Russian Academy of Medical Sciences, Obninsk (Russian Federation). Medical Radiology research Center

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

Microwave pulse compression from a storage cavity with laser-induced switching  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A laser-induced switch and a multiple cavity configuration are disclosed for producing high power microwave pulses. The microwave pulses are well controlled in wavelength and timing, with a quick rise time and a variable shape and power of the pulse. In addition, a method of reducing pre-pulse leakage to a low level is disclosed. Microwave energy is directed coherently to one or more cavities that stores the energy in a single mode, represented as a standing wave pattern. In order to switch the stored microwave energy out of the main cavity and into the branch waveguide, a laser-actuated switch is provided for the cavity. The switch includes a laser, associated optics for delivering the beam into the main cavity, and a switching gas positioned at an antinode in the main cavity. When actuated, the switching gas ionizes, creating a plasma, which becomes reflective to the microwave energy, changing the resonance of the cavity, and as a result the stored microwave energy is abruptly switched out of the cavity. The laser may directly pre-ionize the switching gas, or it may pump an impurity in the switching gas to an energy level which switches when a pre-selected cavity field is attained. Timing of switching the cavities is controlled by varying the pathlength of the actuating laser beam. For example, the pathlengths may be adjusted to output a single pulse of high power, or a series of quick lower power pulses.

Bolton, Paul R. (Menlo Park, CA)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

Separation of carbon nanotubes into chirally enriched fractions  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A mixture of single-walled carbon nanotubes ("SWNTs") is separated into fractions of enriched chirality by preparing an aqueous suspension of a mixture of SWNTs and a surfactant, injecting a portion of the suspension on a column of separation medium having a density gradient, and centrifuging the column. In some embodiments, salt is added prior to centrifugation. In other embodiments, the centrifugation is performed at a temperature below room temperature. Fractions separate as colored bands in the column. The diameter of the separated SWNTs decreases with increasing density along the gradient of the column. The colored bands can be withdrawn separately from the column.

Doorn, Stephen K. (Los Alamos, NM); Niyogi, Sandip (Los Alamos, NM)

2012-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "microwave separate dishwasher" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Dual-phase membrane for High temperature CO2 separation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Jerry Y.S. Lin Jerry Y.S. Lin Chemical Engineering Arizona State University Tempe, AZ 85287 Jerry.lin@asu.edu Pre-Combustion Carbon Dioxide Capture by a New Dual-Phase Ceramic-Carbonate Membrane Reactor 2 Background 3 CO 2 Capture Methods and Efficiency Improvement Coal, Natural gas, Biomass CO 2 separation Power plant CO 2 compression, conditioning for sequestration Gasification Reforming Shift CO 2 Separation Power plant Power plant Air separation N 2 /O 2 CO 2 Post- combustion H 2 /CO H 2 /CO H 2 CO 2 H 2 O/N 2 /O 2 CO 2 H 2 Pre- combustion Air N 2 O 2 or O 2 /CO 2 CO 2 Oxyfuel Combustion Air separation Air Air separation Air Air separation Air Air Air Air Air separation Air Air separation Air N 2 Air separation Air O 2 or O 2 /CO 2 N 2 Air separation Air N 2 Air O 2 or O 2 /CO 2 N 2 Air Air separation N 2 Air 4 Water-Gas-Shift Reaction and Membrane Reactor Reforming

482

Nuclear Separations Technologies Workshop Report | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Separations Technologies Workshop Report Separations Technologies Workshop Report Nuclear Separations Technologies Workshop Report The Department of Energy (DOE) sponsored a workshop on nuclear separations technologies in Bethesda, Maryland, on July 27 and 28, 2011, to (1) identify common needs and potential requirements in separations technologies and opportunities for program partnerships, and (2) evaluate the need for a DOE nuclear separations center of knowledge to improve cross- program collaboration in separations technology. The workshop supported Goal 3 of the DOE Strategic Plan1 to enhance nuclear security through defense, nonproliferation, and environmental management. The Office of Environmental Management (EM), Office of Nuclear Energy (NE), and National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) jointly sponsored the workshop. The Office of Science

483

Nuclear Separations Technologies Workshop Report | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Nuclear Separations Technologies Workshop Report Nuclear Separations Technologies Workshop Report Nuclear Separations Technologies Workshop Report The Department of Energy (DOE) sponsored a workshop on nuclear separations technologies in Bethesda, Maryland, on July 27 and 28, 2011, to (1) identify common needs and potential requirements in separations technologies and opportunities for program partnerships, and (2) evaluate the need for a DOE nuclear separations center of knowledge to improve cross- program collaboration in separations technology. The workshop supported Goal 3 of the DOE Strategic Plan1 to enhance nuclear security through defense, nonproliferation, and environmental management. The Office of Environmental Management (EM), Office of Nuclear Energy (NE), and National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) jointly sponsored the workshop. The Office of Science

484

Cylinder cyclone (LARCODEMS) density media separation of plastic wastes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Cylindrical cyclone media separators using a suspended calcite separation media simulating industrial scale operations are demonstrated to effectively separate a wide variety of forms and a greater range of particle sizes of plastics by density than presently recycled. Purities of plastic products and recoveries obtained from mixed plastic wastes are comparable to those reported for established separations. Products of ?100% purity with recoveries of >99% were obtained for high density fractions and >98% purities and recoveries for the low density fractions. Cyclonic centrifugal forces and/or the fine particle size of the separation media appear to minimize hydroscopic and particle shape effects. A mathematical model is proposed for defining plastic waste feed rates and treatable particle size ranges for the LARCODEMS media separator. Waste plastic separations yielded Ecart probable (Ep) values ?0.024 for a water only separation media. The Ep for 1.1 g cm?3 separation medias was <0.032 with minimal to no variation in values for 1–8 mm particle sizes. Variation in the quality of separations is shown to be minimal with <72 ?m, <45 ?m and <2 ?m media particle sizes. Media density offset created varied according to particle size.

Malcolm Richard Gent; Mario Menendez; Javier Toraño; Diego Isidro; Susana Torno

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON MICROWAVE THEORY AND TECHNIQUES, VOL. 45, NO. 6, JUNE 1997 963 Planar Microwave Integrated Phase-Shifter Design  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Microwave Integrated Phase-Shifter Design with High Purity Ferroelectric Material Franco De Flaviis, N. G a change in the dielectric constant. A phase shift of 165 was obtained at 2.4 GHz, with an insertion loss of ferroelectric materials (FEM's) in ceramic form for the realization of a phase shifter operating at 2.4 GHz

De Flaviis, Franco

486

Efficient preparation of nanocrystalline anatase TiO2 and V/TiO2 thin layers using microwave drying and/or microwave calcination technique  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

be significantly improved and extended if microwave energy is employed during the drying and/or calcination step many important applications, including, among others, dye-sensitized solar cells [1] or photocatalytic of the hydrolysis rate [6]. Sol­gel method has several advantages such as low processing temperature, homogeneity

Cirkva, Vladimir

487

Power combination of two phase-locked high power microwave beams from a new coaxial microwave source based on dual beams  

SciTech Connect

The new coaxial high power microwave source based on dual beams has demonstrated two phase-locked output microwave beams generated by its two sub-sources. In order to achieve a single higher output power, we present a three-port waveguide-based power combiner to combine the two microwave beams. Particle-in-cell simulation results show that when the diode voltage is 675?kV and the guiding magnetic field is 0.8?T, a combined microwave with an average power of about 4.0?GW and a frequency of 9.74 GHz is generated; the corresponding power conversion efficiency is 29%. The combination effect of the combiner is further validated in the diode voltage range from 675?kV to 755?kV as well as in the pulse regime. The simulations indicate that the maximum surface axial electric field strength of the electrodynamic structure is 720?kV/cm, which is relatively low corresponding to an output power of 4.0?GW. The stable combined output suggests the probability of long-pulse operation for the combined source.

Li, Yangmei; Zhang, Xiaoping, E-mail: plinafly@163.com; Zhang, Jiande; Dang, Fangchao; Yan, Xiaolu [College of Optoelectric Science and Engineering, National University of Defense Technology, Changsha 410073 (China)

2014-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

488

Final Technical Report Microwave Assisted Electrolyte Cell for Primary Aluminum Production  

SciTech Connect

This research addresses the high priority research need for developing inert anode and wetted cathode technology, as defined in the Aluminum Industry Technology Roadmap and Inert Anode Roadmap, with the performance targets: a) significantly reducing the energy intensity of aluminum production, b) ultimately eliminating anode-related CO2 emissions, and c) reducing aluminum production costs. This research intended to develop a new electrometallurgical extraction technology by introducing microwave irradiation into the current electrolytic cells for primary aluminum production. This technology aimed at accelerating the alumina electrolysis reduction rate and lowering the aluminum production temperature, coupled with the uses of nickel based superalloy inert anode, nickel based superalloy wetted cathode, and modified salt electrolyte. Michigan Technological University, collaborating with Cober Electronic and Century Aluminum, conducted bench-scale research for evaluation of this technology. This research included three sub-topics: a) fluoride microwave absorption; b) microwave assisted electrolytic cell design and fabrication; and c) aluminum electrowinning tests using the microwave assisted electrolytic cell. This research concludes that the typically used fluoride compound for aluminum electrowinning is not a good microwave absorbing material at room temperature. However, it becomes an excellent microwave absorbing material above 550°C. The electrowinning tests did not show benefit to introduce microwave irradiation into the electrolytic cell. The experiments revealed that the nickel-based superalloy is not suitable for use as a cathode material; although it wets with molten aluminum, it causes severe reaction with molten aluminum. In the anode experiments, the chosen superalloy did not meet corrosion resistance requirements. A nicked based alloy without iron content could be further investigated.

Xiaodi Huang; J.Y. Hwang

2007-04-18T23:59:59.000Z

489

Submillimeter Microwave Spectrum of H2 O16  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The absorption spectrum of water vapor, in addition to giving information about the structure and properties of the water molecule, is of practical importance because of the effects of water vapor on the propagation of electromagnetic radiation. However, precise measurements of only 6 ground-vibrational-state transitions of H216O have been reported in the microwave region. We report the measurement of nine new rotational transitions of H216O and the remeasurement to higher accuracy of the four previously known submillimeter lines. The frequencies of the newly observed transitions are (in Mc/sec) 102,9?93,6, 321225.644; 75,3?66,0, 437346.667; 64,3?55,0, 439150.812; 75,2?66,1, 443018.295; 64,2?55,1, 470888.947; 53,3?44,0, 474689.127; 62,4?71,7, 488491.133; 53,2?44,1, 620700.807; and 21,1?20,2, 752033.227. These transitions have been measured with a submillimeter-wave spectrometer which employs a klystron-driven crystal harmonic generator and a 1.6°K InSb photoconducting detector. With this work, the lines contributing the major portion of the atmospheric absorption of water vapor in the region up to 800 Gc/sec have been precisely measured.

Frank C. De Lucia; Paul Helminger; Robert L. Cook; Walter Gordy

1972-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

Minimal Microwave Anisotropy from Perturbations Induced at Late Times  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Aside from primordial gravitational instability of the cosmological fluid, various mechanisms have been proposed to generate large-scale structure at relatively late times, including, e.g., ``late-time'' cosmological phase transitions. In these scenarios, it is envisioned that the universe is nearly homogeneous at the time of last scattering and that perturbations grow rapidly sometime after the primordial plasma recombines. On this basis, it was suggested that large inhomogeneities could be generated while leaving relatively little imprint on the cosmic microwave background (MBR) anisotropy. In this paper, we calculate the minimal anisotropies possible in any ``late-time'' scenario for structure formation, given the level of inhomogeneity observed at present. Since the growth of the inhomogeneity involves time-varying gravitational fields, these scenarios inevitably generate significant MBR anisotropy via the Sachs-Wolfe effect. Moreover, we show that the large-angle MBR anisotropy produced by the rapid post-recombination growth of inhomogeneity is generally greater than that produced by the same inhomogeneity grown via gravitational instability. In ``realistic'' scenarios one can decrease the anisotropy compared to models with primordial adiabatic fluctuations, but only on very small angular scales. The value of any particular measure of the anisotropy can be made small in late-time models, but only by making the time-dependence of the gravitational field sufficiently ``pathological''.

Andrew H. Jaffe; Albert Stebbins; Joshua A. Frieman

1993-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

491

Cosmological-Parameter Determination with Microwave Background Maps  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The angular power spectrum of the cosmic microwave background (CMB) contains information on virtually all cosmological parameters of interest, including the geometry of the Universe ($\\Omega$), the baryon density, the Hubble constant ($h$), the cosmological constant ($\\Lambda$), the number of light neutrinos, the ionization history, and the amplitudes and spectral indices of the primordial scalar and tensor perturbation spectra. We review the imprint of each parameter on the CMB. Assuming only that the primordial perturbations were adiabatic, we use a covariance-matrix approach to estimate the precision with which these parameters can be determined by a CMB temperature map as a function of the fraction of sky mapped, the level of pixel noise, and the angular resolution. For example, with no prior information about any of the cosmological parameters, a full-sky CMB map with $0.5^\\circ$ angular resolution and a noise level of 15 $\\mu$K per pixel can determine $\\Omega$, $h$, and $\\Lambda$ with standard errors of $\\pm0.1$ or better, and provide determinations of other parameters which are inaccessible with traditional observations. Smaller beam sizes or prior information on some of the other parameters from other observations improves the sensitivity. The dependence on the the underlying cosmological model is discussed.

Gerard Jungman; Marc Kamionkowski; Arthur Kosowsky; David N. Spergel

1996-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

492

Microwave beam steerers for electronically scanned reflectometers (abstract)  

SciTech Connect

One of the problems encountered in the application of reflectometry to fusion plasmas is that the transmit antenna must be aligned such that the reflected wave form is successfully collected by a suitably arranged receive antenna. This task is made even more difficult in the case of shaped plasmas, or when plasma motion is such that the incident wave is no longer normal to the plasma surface. One would ideally like to have antennas which may be steered in real time to compensate for changes in plasma shape and/or position. A program has been initiated at U.C. Davis to address this problem, and microwave beam steerers suitable for electronically scanned reflectometers have been developed. The approach taken has been to develop phased antenna array (PAA) concepts which operate over broad bandwidths. Laboratory test results of a proof-of-principle PAA system will be presented, along with a description of ongoing research activities by U.C. Davis in this field. {copyright} {ital 1999 American Institute of Physics.}

Hsia, R.P.; Zhang, W.; Jiang, F.; Domier, C.W.; Luhmann, N.C. Jr. [University of California, Davis, Davis, California 95616 (United States)] [University of California, Davis, Davis, California 95616 (United States)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

Calibrated nanoscale dopant profiling using a scanning microwave microscope  

SciTech Connect

The scanning microwave microscope is used for calibrated capacitance spectroscopy and spatially resolved dopant profiling measurements. It consists of an atomic force microscope combined with a vector network analyzer operating between 1-20 GHz. On silicon semiconductor calibration samples with doping concentrations ranging from 10{sup 15} to 10{sup 20} atoms/cm{sup 3}, calibrated capacitance-voltage curves as well as derivative dC/dV curves were acquired. The change of the capacitance and the dC/dV signal is directly related to the dopant concentration allowing for quantitative dopant profiling. The method was tested on various samples with known dopant concentration and the resolution of dopant profiling determined to 20% while the absolute accuracy is within an order of magnitude. Using a modeling approach the dopant profiling calibration curves were analyzed with respect to varying tip diameter and oxide thickness allowing for improvements of the calibration accuracy. Bipolar samples were investigated and nano-scale defect structures and p-n junction interfaces imaged showing potential applications for the study of semiconductor device performance and failure analysis.

Huber, H. P.; Hochleitner, M.; Hinterdorfer, P. [University of Linz, Christian Doppler Laboratory for Nanoscopic Methods in Biophysics, Altenbergerstrasse 69, 4040 Linz (Austria); Humer, I.; Smoliner, J. [Technical University of Vienna, Institute for Solid State Electronics, 1040 Vienna (Austria); Fenner, M.; Moertelmaier, M.; Rankl, C.; Tanbakuchi, H.; Kienberger, F. [Agilent Technologies, Inc., 5301 Stevens Creek Blvd., Santa Clara, California 95051 (United States); Imtiaz, A.; Wallis, T. M.; Kabos, P. [National Institute for Standards and Technology, Electromagnetic Division, 325 Broadway, Boulder, Colorado 80305-3337 (United States); Kopanski, J. J. [National Institute of Standards and Technology, Semiconductor Measurements Division, Gaithersburg, Maryland 20899-8120 (United States)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

T Plant, Chemical Separation Building | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Manhattan Project » Signature Manhattan Project » Signature Facilities » T Plant, Chemical Separation Building T Plant, Chemical Separation Building Photos of T-plant's construction and T-Plant's Chemical Separation Building Photos of T-plant's construction and T-Plant's Chemical Separation Building Completed in December 1944, T Plant was the world's first large-scale plutonium separation facility. Only about one atom in every 4,000 within the uranium slugs was converted to plutonium in the three Hanford production reactors, and these atoms had to be separated from the remaining uranium and other fission products that had been created. The highly radioactive uranium slugs were dropped into water pools behind the piles and then moved by remote-controlled rail cars to a storage facility five miles away. When short-lived radioactivity had sufficiently

495

EM Marks Milestone at Separations Process Research Unit | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Marks Milestone at Separations Process Research Unit Marks Milestone at Separations Process Research Unit EM Marks Milestone at Separations Process Research Unit March 7, 2013 - 12:00pm Addthis Workers construct an enclosure for Building H2 at the Separations Process Research Unit Workers construct an enclosure for Building H2 at the Separations Process Research Unit NISKAYUNA, N.Y. - EM met a major regulatory milestone at the Separations Process Research Unit (SPRU) by completing construction of enclosures and ventilation systems required for cleanup. The SPRU project at the Knolls Atomic Power Laboratory reached the milestone last week in a consent order between DOE and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency issued pursuant to the Clean Air Act. The Department has now accomplished all the requirements of the consent order.

496

Process for separating nitrogen from methane using microchannel process technology  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The disclosed invention relates to a process for separating methane or nitrogen from a fluid mixture comprising methane and nitrogen, the process comprising: (A) flowing the fluid mixture into a microchannel separator, the microchannel separator comprising a plurality of process microchannels containing a sorption medium, the fluid mixture being maintained in the microchannel separator until at least part of the methane or nitrogen is sorbed by the sorption medium, and removing non-sorbed parts of the fluid mixture from the microchannel separator; and (B) desorbing the methane or nitrogen from the sorption medium and removing the desorbed methane or nitrogen from the microchannel separator. The process is suitable for upgrading methane from coal mines, landfills, and other sub-quality sources.

Tonkovich, Anna Lee (Marysville, OH); Qiu, Dongming (Dublin, OH); Dritz, Terence Andrew (Worthington, OH); Neagle, Paul (Westerville, OH); Litt, Robert Dwayne (Westerville, OH); Arora, Ravi (Dublin, OH); Lamont, Michael Jay (Hilliard, OH); Pagnotto, Kristina M. (Cincinnati, OH)

2007-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

497

Oil/gas collector/separator for underwater oil leaks  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An oil/gas collector/separator for recovery of oil leaking, for example, from an offshore or underwater oil well. The separator is floated over the point of the leak and tethered in place so as to receive oil/gas floating, or forced under pressure, toward the water surface from either a broken or leaking oil well casing, line, or sunken ship. The separator is provided with a downwardly extending skirt to contain the oil/gas which floats or is forced upward into a dome wherein the gas is separated from the oil/water, with the gas being flared (burned) at the top of the dome, and the oil is separated from water and pumped to a point of use. Since the density of oil is less than that of water it can be easily separated from any water entering the dome.

Henning, Carl D. (Livermore, CA)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

ARM - Midlatitude Continental Convective Clouds Microwave Radiometer Profiler (jensen-mwr)  

SciTech Connect

A major component of the Mid-latitude Continental Convective Clouds Experiment (MC3E) field campaign was the deployment of an enhanced radiosonde array designed to capture the vertical profile of atmospheric state variables (pressure, temperature, humidity wind speed and wind direction) for the purpose of deriving the large-scale forcing for use in modeling studies. The radiosonde array included six sites (enhanced Central Facility [CF-1] plus five new sites) launching radiosondes at 3-6 hour sampling intervals. The network will cover an area of approximately (300)2 km2 with five outer sounding launch sites and one central launch location. The five outer sounding launch sites are: S01 Pratt, KS [ 37.7oN, 98.75oW]; S02 Chanute, KS [37.674, 95.488]; S03 Vici, Oklahoma [36.071, -99.204]; S04 Morris, Oklahoma [35.687, -95.856]; and S05 Purcell, Oklahoma [34.985, -97.522]. Soundings from the SGP Central Facility during MC3E can be retrieved from the regular ARM archive. During routine MC3E operations 4 radiosondes were launched from each of these sites (approx. 0130, 0730, 1330 and 1930 UTC). On days that were forecast to be convective up to four additional launches were launched at each site (approx. 0430, 1030, 1630, 2230 UTC). There were a total of approximately 14 of these high frequency launch days over the course of the experiment. These files contain brightness temperatures observed at Purcell during MC3E. The measurements were made with a 5 channel (22.235, 23.035, 23.835, 26.235, 30.000GHz) microwave radiometer at one minute intervals. The results have been separated into daily files and the day of observations is indicated in the file name. All observations were zenith pointing. Included in the files are the time variables base_time and time_offset. These follow the ARM time conventions. Base_time is the number seconds since January 1, 1970 at 00:00:00 for the first data point of the file and time_offset is the offset in seconds from base_time.

Jensen, Mike

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

SUPPORTED DENSE CERAMIC MEMBRANES FOR OXYGEN SEPARATION  

SciTech Connect

Mixed-conducting membranes have the ability to conduct oxygen with perfect selectivity at elevated temperatures, which makes them an extremely attractive alternative for oxygen separation and membrane reactor applications. The ability to reliably fabricate these membranes in thin or thick films would enable solid-state divisional limitations to be minimized, thus providing higher oxygen flux. Based on that motivation, the overall objective for this project is to develop and demonstrate a strategy for the fabrication of supported Wick film ceramic mixed conducting membranes, and improve the understanding of the fundamental issues associated with reliable fabrication of these membranes. The project has focused on the mixed-conducting ceramic composition SrCo{sub 0.5}FeO{sub x} because of its superior permeability and stability in reducing atmospheres. The fabrication strategy employed involves the deposition of SrCo{sub 0.5}FeO{sub x} thick films onto porous supports of the same composition. In the second year of this project, we completed characterization of the sintering and phase behavior of the porous SrCo{sub 0.5}FeO{sub x} supports, leading to a standard support fabrication methodology. Using a doctor blade method, pastes made from aerosol-derived SrCo{sub 0.5}FeO{sub x} powder dispersed with polyethylene glycol were applied to the supports, and the sintering behavior of the thick film membranes was examined in air and nitrogen atmospheres. It has been demonstrated that the desired crystalline phase content can be produced in the membranes, and that the material in the membrane layer can be highly densified without densifying the underlying support. However, considerable cracking and opening of the film occurred when films densified to a high extent. The addition of MgO into the SrCo{sub 0.5}FeO{sub x} supports was shown to inhibit support sintering so that temperatures up to 1300 C, where significant liquid formation occurs, could be used for film sintering. This successfully reduced cracking, however the films retained open porosity. The investigation of this concept will be continued in the final year of the project. Investigation of a metal organic chemical vapor deposition (MOCVD) method for defect mending in dense membranes was also initiated. An appropriate metal organic precursor (iron tetramethylheptanedionate) was identified whose deposition can be controlled by access to oxygen at temperatures in the 280-300 C range. Initial experiments have deposited iron oxide, but only on the membrane surface; thus refinement of this method will continue.

Timothy L. Ward

2000-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

500

Carbon Dioxide Separation with Novel Microporous Metal Organic Frameworks  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Separation with Separation with Novel Microporous Metal Organic Frameworks Background UOP LLC, the University of Michigan, and Northwestern University are collaborating on a three-year program to develop novel microporous metal organic frameworks (MOFs) suitable for CO 2 capture and separation. MOFs are hybrid organic/inorganic structures in which the organic moiety is readily derivatized. This innovative program is using sophisticated molecular modeling to evaluate the structurally