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1

Micropulse Lidar (MPL) Handbook  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The micropulse lidar (MPL) is a ground-based optical remote sensing system designed primarily to determine the altitude of clouds overhead. The physical principle is the same as for radar. Pulses of energy are transmitted into the atmosphere; the energy scattered back to the transceiver is collected and measured as a time-resolved signal. From the time delay between each outgoing transmitted pulse and the backscattered signal, the distance to the scatterer is infered. Besides real-time detection of clouds, post-processing of the lidar return can also characterize the extent and properties of aerosol or other particle-laden regions.

Mendoza, A; Flynn, C

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

Raman lidar and MPL Measurements during ALIVE  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Raman lidar and MPL Measurements during ALIVE Raman lidar and MPL Measurements during ALIVE Ferrare, Richard NASA Langley Research Center Turner, David University of Wisconsin-Madison Flynn, Connor Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Petty, Diana Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Mendoza, Albert Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Clayton, Marian NASA Langley Research Center Schmid, Beat Bay Area Environmental Research Institute Category: Field Campaigns Analysis of the aerosol and water vapor data collected by the Raman lidar during the May 2003 Aerosol IOP indicated that the sensitivity of the lidar was significantly lower than when the lidar was initially deployed. This decrease in sensitivity contributed to a significant high bias of the Raman lidar aerosol extinction measurements in relation to airborne Sun

3

Macrophysical Properties of Tropical Cirrus Clouds from the CALIPSO Satellite and from Ground-based Micropulse and Raman Lidars  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Lidar observations of cirrus cloud macrophysical properties over the U.S. Department of Energy Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) program Darwin, Australia site are compared from the Cloud-Aerosol Lidar and In- frared Pathfinder Satellite Observation (CALIPSO) satellite, the ground-based ARM micropulse lidar (MPL), and the ARM Raman lidar (RL). Comparisons are made using the subset of profiles where the lidar beam is not fully attenuated. Daytime measurements using the RL are shown to be relatively unaffected by the solar background and are therefore suited for checking the validity of diurnal cycles. RL and CALIPSO cloud fraction profiles show good agreement while the MPL detects significantly less cirrus, particularly during the daytime. Both MPL and CALIPSO observations show that cirrus clouds occur less frequently during the day than at night at all altitudes. In contrast, the RL diurnal cy- cle is significantly different than zero only below about 11 km; where it is the opposite sign (i.e. more clouds during the daytime). For cirrus geomet- rical thickness, the MPL and CALIPSO observations agree well and both datasets have signficantly thinner clouds during the daytime than the RL. From the examination of hourly MPL and RL cirrus cloud thickness and through the application of daytime detection limits to all CALIPSO data we find that the decreased MPL and CALIPSO cloud thickness during the daytime is very likely a result of increased daytime noise. This study highlights the vast im- provement the RL provides (compared to the MPL) in the ARM program's ability to observe tropical cirrus clouds as well as a valuable ground-based lidar dataset for the validation of CALIPSO observations and to help im- prove our understanding of tropical cirrus clouds.

Thorsen, Tyler J.; Fu, Qiang; Comstock, Jennifer M.; Sivaraman, Chitra; Vaughan, Mark A.; Winker, D.; Turner, David D.

2013-08-27T23:59:59.000Z

4

A new cloud and aerosol layer detection method based on micropulse lidar measurements  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A new cloud and aerosol layer detection method based on micropulse lidar measurements Chuanfeng algorithm to detect aerosols and clouds based on micropulse lidar measurements. A semidiscretization is then introduced. Combined with empirical threshold values, we determine if the signal waves indicate clouds

Li, Zhanqing

5

MPL  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

signal (overcast cases) * Lidars can retrieve optical depth of thick clouds using solar background light as a signal, rather than (as now) merely a noise to be subtracted....

6

ARM - Evaluation Product - MicroPulse LIDAR Cloud Optical Depth (MPLCOD)  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

ProductsMicroPulse LIDAR Cloud Optical Depth ProductsMicroPulse LIDAR Cloud Optical Depth (MPLCOD) Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Evaluation Product : MicroPulse LIDAR Cloud Optical Depth (MPLCOD) 1999.05.01 - 2004.05.14 Site(s) SGP General Description The MPLCOD VAP retrieves the column cloud visible optical depth using LIDAR derived backscatter from the MPLNOR (Micro Pulse Lidar Normalized Backscatter) and radiosonde thermodynamic profiles. The optical depth retrieval is derived following Comstock et al. (2001), which retrieves visible optical depth and layer average backscatter-to-extinction ratio (k) at the lidar wavelength for each backscatter profile. Data Information Data Directory Contacts Principal Investigator Jennifer Comstock (509) 372-424

7

Advanced Lidars for ARM: What Would We Get?  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

CMWG Breakout Session CMWG Breakout Session 2009 ARM Science Team Meeting Advanced Lidars for ARM: What Would We Get? Dave Turner, Ed Eloranta University of Wisconsin - Madison CMWG Breakout Session 2009 ARM Science Team Meeting What is an "Advanced Lidar?" (1) * Ceilometer - Max range ~7km, unpolarized, uncalibrated * Micropulse lidar (MPL) - Sensitive to clouds & aerosols throughout troposphere - Small telescope, rep rate is 1.5 kHz, microjoules of power - Loses sensitivity to cirrus in upper trop during the day - Polarization sensitive - Uncalibrated * Backscatter signals measured by both the MPL and the Ceilometer are convolutions of molecular and particle scattering events - Unable to determine particle extinction without significant assumptions - Main use by ARM has been to determine layer boundaries

8

Cloud Effects on Radiative Heating Rate Profiles over Darwin using ARM and A-train Radar/Lidar Observations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Observations of clouds from the ground-based U.S. Department of Energy Atmospheric Radiation Measurement program (ARM) and satellite-based A-train are used to compute cloud radiative forcing profiles over the ARM Darwin, Australia site. Cloud properties are obtained from both radar (the ARM Millimeter Cloud Radar (MMCR) and the CloudSat satellite in the A-train) and lidar (the ARM Micropulse lidar (MPL) and the Cloud-Aerosol Lidar and Infrared Pathfinder Satellite Observation (CALIPSO) satellite in the A-train) observations. Cloud microphysical properties are taken from combined radar and lidar retrievals for ice clouds and radar only or lidar only retrievals for liquid clouds. Large, statistically significant differences of up to 1.43 K/day exist between the mean ARM and A-train net cloud radiative forcing profiles. The majority of the difference in cloud radiative forcing profiles is shown to be due to a large difference in the cloud fraction above 12 km. Above this altitude the A-train cloud fraction is significantly larger because more clouds are detected by CALIPSO than by the ground-based MPL. It is shown that the MPL is unable to observe as many high clouds as CALIPSO due to being more frequently attenuated and a poorer sensitivity even in otherwise clear-sky conditions. After accounting for cloud fraction differences and instrument sampling differences due to viewing platform we determined that differences in cloud radiative forcing due to the retrieved ice cloud properties is relatively small. This study demonstrates that A-train observations are better suited for the calculation cloud radiative forcing profiles. In addition, we find that it is necessary to supplement CloudSat with CALIPSO observations to obtain accurate cloud radiative forcing profiles since a large portion of clouds at Darwin are detected by CALIPSO only.

Thorsen, Tyler J.; Fu, Qiang; Comstock, Jennifer M.

2013-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

9

zak-99.PDF  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Instrumentation Multi-wavelength integrating nephelometer Condensation nuclei counter (CNC) Filter samplers Micropulse Lidar (MPL) NOAA CMDL NOAA CMDL NOAA CMDL ARM Gas...

10

ARM - Instrument Handbooks  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Ground Radiometers on Stand for Upwelling Radiation (Draft) GNDRAD 2004 Infrared Thermometer IRT 2006 Micropulse Lidar MPL 2012 Microwave Radiometer MWR 2006 Microwave...

11

Meenakshi Power Ltd MPL | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Meenakshi Power Ltd MPL Meenakshi Power Ltd MPL Jump to: navigation, search Name Meenakshi Power Ltd.(MPL) Place Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India Zip 500 082 Sector Biomass, Hydro Product Hyderabad-based firm involved in development of small hydro and biomass projects. Coordinates 17.6726°, 77.5971° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":17.6726,"lon":77.5971,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

12

Oscillations of the Earth's Outer Atmosphere and Micropulsations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......simpler representation of a theory of geomagnetic micropulsations by expressing the basic magneto-hydrodynamic...improving the existing theory was to modify the dipole...between experiment and theory is quite good for long...magneto-hydrodynamics. Arkiv. for Fysik, 5, 297. Obayashi......

K. O. Westphal; J. A. Jacobs

1962-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

ENREGISTREMENT DES MICROPULSATIONS GOMAGNTIQUES UTILISANT DES MAGNTOMTRES A NOYAU SATUR  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

et sovié- tiques [4], pour mesurer le champ magnétique de l'espace extra-terrestre, de grandeur. 2014 On présente une installation d'enregistrement des micropulsations du champ magnétique terrestre

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

14

Lidar Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report provides an overview of the LiDAR acquisition methodology employed by Woolpert on the 2009 USDA - Savannah River LiDAR Site Project. LiDAR system parameters and flight and equipment information is also included. The LiDAR data acquisition was executed in ten sessions from February 21 through final reflights on March 2, 2009; using two Leica ALS50-II 150kHz Multi-pulse enabled LiDAR Systems. Specific details about the ALS50-II systems are included in Section 4 of this report.

Wollpert.

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Continental seismic events observed by the MPL vertical DIFAR array  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The vertical DIFAR array, an underwater acoustic sensor system, deployed by the Marine Physical Laboratory (MPL) was in place over the continental shelf off of Southern California and recorded the HUNTERS TROPHY nuclear test and nearly a score of after-shocks of the Landers/Big Bear earthquakes. Data from this array raise the possibility that detection thresholds for continental events may be significantly lower for arrays over the continental shelf than for arrays in the deep ocean basins. Offshore stations could be used to fill gaps in land-based seismic networks for monitoring the NPT and a CTBT, especially for monitoring non-cooperating nations with large coastlines. This preliminary report provides an analysis of the HUNTERS TROPHY observation as well as one of the Landers aftershocks. The analysis suggests detection thresholds for vertical hydrophone arrays below mb 3.0 at ranges between 3 and 4 degrees, and below mb 4.4 out to 6 degrees. This report also describes two signal processing techniques that enhance the detection potential of short vertical arrays. These methods are deterministic null steering to suppress horizontally propagating ambient ocean noise, and matched field processing for vertically-incident acoustic fields. The latter technique is ideally suited for acoustic fields derived from incident seismic waves, and may be viewed as a {open_quotes}synthetic aperture{close_quotes} approach to increase the effective aperture of the array.

Harris, D.B. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States); D`Spain, G. [Scripps Institution of Oceanography, San Diego, CA (United States). Marine Physical Lab.

1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

ARM - Facility News Article  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

August 15, 2010 [Facility News] August 15, 2010 [Facility News] Micropulse Lidars Get Boost from Recovery Act Bookmark and Share Shown here during installation on the aft deck of the RV Connecticut, the upgraded MPL includes a sleek new computer that can fit into smaller spaces. The laser window at the top is covered by a cone until the instrument is turned on. Shown here during installation on the aft deck of the RV Connecticut, the upgraded MPL includes a sleek new computer that can fit into smaller spaces. The laser window at the top is covered by a cone until the instrument is turned on. Through funding from the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009, ARM is upgrading the micropulse lidars (MPL) throughout the user facility. Similar to a radar, the MPL sends pulses of energy into the atmosphere.

17

Multipacting saturation in parallel plate and micro-pulse electron gun  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A novel parallel plate model is proposed that divided the electron cloud into three parts at saturation, and it is studied in detail using both an analytical approach and PIC (Particle In Cell) code simulations. As one part of the electron cloud, ribbons modes are suggested by tracking the trajectory of individual particle, and the aim of this mode form is to simplify the progress of multipacting effect in the parallel plate so as to be eliminated by optimizing RF parameters. The micro-pulse electron gun (MPG) has demonstrated the potential to address the need for high peak and average current electron beams, hence studying the multipacting in MPG is essential. On the basis of multipacting studying in the parallel plate, it is clear that increasing the cavity voltage is of interest in yielding high quality beams in the gun.

Liao, Lang; Zhao, Minghua

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Micropulse slippage and optical mode distortion in the Boeing APLE amplifier  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the Boeing Average Power Laser Experiment (APLE), the free electron laser (FEL) oscillator produces short optical pulses for input to the amplifier section. Micropulse slippage can become significant in the amplifier, competing with the effects of high gain and optical mode distortion. A two-dimensional simulation is used to study pulse slippage, and a three-dimensional simulation is used to study mode distortion. A four-dimensional simulation is used to simultaneously study these effects, and to look at the sensitivity of the efficiency to changes in various FEL parameters. We find that high gain and mode distortion effects dominate the pulse slippage effects. The amplifier is fairly insensitice to beam quality degradation and changes in the initial optical field, but a significant improvement in efficiency could be achieved by shortening the electron pulse.

J. Blau; D.J. Frost; W.B. Colson

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

ARM - Publications: Science Team Meeting Documents  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

An Improved Technique for Producing MPL Backscatter Profiles Properly An Improved Technique for Producing MPL Backscatter Profiles Properly Characterized at All Ranges Flynn, C.J. and Powell, D.M., Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Eleventh Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Science Team Meeting An important part of ARM's mission is the quantitative study of the effect of clouds and aerosol on radiative transfer and the energy budget. Micropulse Lidar (MPL) are an integral component of the ARM Program's measurement strategy with one deployed at each of the four major sites (SGP, TWP1, TWP2, and NSA). The MPL system is capable of producing vertical profiles of cloud and aerosol from ground level to the top of the atmosphere. However, the legitimacy of these profiles is sensitive to the calibration and system corrections of the individual MPL. In particular,

20

The Simultaneous Medicina-Planck Experiment (SiMPlE): data acquisition, reduction and first results  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Simultaneous Medicina-{\\it Planck} Experiment (SiMPlE) is aimed at observing a selected sample of 263 extragalactic and Galactic sources with the Medicina 32-m single dish radio telescope in the same epoch as the Planck satellite observations. The data acquired with a frequency coverage down to 5 GHz, also combined with Planck at frequencies above 30 GHz, will constitute a useful reference catalogue of bright sources over the whole Northern hemisphere. Furthermore, source observations performed in different epochs and comparison with other catalogues allow the investigation of source variabilities on different timescales. In this work, we describe the sample selection, the on-going data acquisition campaign, the data reduction procedures, the developed tools, and the comparison with other data-sets. We present the data at 5 and 8.3 GHz for the SiMPlE Northern Sample consisting of 79 sources with $\\delta \\geq 45^\\circ$ selected in our catalogue and observed during the first 6 months of the project. A first...

Procopio, P; Righini, S; Zanichelli, A; Ricciardi, S; Libardi, P; Burigana, C; Cuttaia, F; Mack, K -H; Terenzi, L; Villa, F; Bonavera, L; Morgante, G; Trigilio, C; Trombetti, T; Umana, G

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "micropulse lidar mpl" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Mobile multiwave lidar complexes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Multiwave mobile lidar complexes (MLCs) are designed and developed. A number of vehicle-based MLCs are built. The set of complex lidar probing data obtained with the help of MLCs is synchronised in space and time, covers a large area (the operation range of an MLC is 15 km), and is based on a unified methodological approach. The results of probing contain information on the concentration and physical nature of atmospheric aerosol, chemical composition of the gaseous phase of the atmosphere, wind and turbulence. The obtained data form the basis for a complex analysis of the ecological situation and prognosis of its development.

A S Boreysho; M A Konyaev; A V Morozov; A V Pikulik; A V Savin; A V Trilis; S Ya Chakchir; N I Boiko; Yu N Vlasov; S P Nikitaev; A V Rozhnov

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

campbell-98.pdf  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

9 9 Operational Cloud Boundary Detection and Analysis from Micropulse Lidar Data J. R. Campbell and D. L. Hlavka Science Systems and Applications Inc. Greenbelt, Maryland J. D. Spinhirne NASA-Goddard Space Flight Center Greenbelt, Maryland D. D. Turner and C. J. Flynn Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Richland, Washington Introduction The micropulse lidar (MPL) was developed at the National Aeronautics and Space Administration's (NASA's) Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC) as the result of research on space-borne lidar techniques. It was designed to provide continuous, unattended observations of all significant atmospheric cloud and aerosol structure with a rugged, compact system design and the benefit of eye safety (Spinhirne 1993). The significant eye safety feature is

23

Lidar Investigation of Tropical Nocturnal Boundary Layer Aerosols and Cloud Macrophysics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Observational evidence of two-way association between nocturnal boundary layer aerosols and cloud macrophysical properties under different meteorological conditions is reported in this paper. The study has been conducted during 2008-09 employing a high space-time resolution polarimetric micro-pulse lidar over a tropical urban station in India. Firstly, the study highlights the crucial role of boundary layer aerosols and background meteorology on the formation and structure of low-level stratiform clouds in the backdrop of different atmospheric stability conditions. Turbulent mixing induced by the wind shear at the station, which is associated with a complex terrain, is found to play a pivotal role in the formation and structural evolution of nocturnal boundary layer clouds. Secondly, it is shown that the trapping of energy in the form of outgoing terrestrial radiation by the overlying low-level clouds can enhance the aerosol mixing height associated with the nocturnal boundary layer. To substantiate this, the long-wave heating associated with cloud capping has been quantitatively estimated in an indirect way by employing an Advanced Research Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF-ARW) model version 2.2 developed by National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR), Colorado, USA, and supplementary data sets; and differentiated against other heating mechanisms. The present investigation as well establishes the potential of lidar remote-sensing technique in exploring some of the intriguing aspects of the cloud-environment relationship.

Manoj, M. G.; Devara, PC S.; Taraphdar, Sourav

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Can Wind Lidars Measure Turbulence?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Modeling of the systematic errors in the second-order moments of wind speeds measured by continuous-wave (ZephIR) and pulsed (WindCube) lidars is presented. These lidars use the conical scanning technique to measure the velocity field. The model ...

A. Sathe; J. Mann; J. Gottschall; M. S. Courtney

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Raman Lidar (RL) Handbook  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Raman lidar at the ARM Climate Research Facility (ACRF) Southern Great Plains (SGP) Central Facility (SGPRL) is an active, ground-based laser remote sensing instrument that measures height and time resolved profiles of water vapor mixing ratio and several cloud- and aerosol-related quantities. The system is a non-commercial custom-built instrument developed by Sandia National Laboratories specifically for the ARM Program. It is fully computer automated, and will run unattended for many days following a brief (~5-minute) startup period. The self-contained system (requiring only external electrical power) is housed in a climate-controlled 8x8x20 standard shipping container.

Newsom, RK

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

NASA DC-8 Airborne Scanning Lidar System  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A scanning lidar system is being developed for installation on the NASA DC-8 atmospheric research aircraft to support...in-situ aerosol and gas measurements. Design and objectives of the DC-8 scanning lidar are p...

Norman B. Nielsen; Edward E. Uthe

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Slide 1  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Kassianov Kassianov Aerosol remote sensing under partly cloudy conditions: How well are we doing? Background Ground-based/airborne lidar observations: Raman Lidar (RL), Micropulse Lidar (MPL) High Spectral Resolution Lidar (HSRL) Can they be extended by other observations? Outline Q1: Why it is important? Q2: What issues do we have? Q3: How can we address them? Q1: IAE and Aerosol RF Simultaneous and coincident measurements of aerosol and cloud properties are desirable: Indirect Aerosol Effects (IAEs) Aerosol Radiative Forcing (RF) Ghan and Schwartz, BAMS, 2007 Myhre et al., ACP, 2009 Q1: Occurrence Partly cloudy sky: 30% (SGP), 40-80% (TWP) Credit: C. Long Q2: 3D Problem Examples of 3D Cloud Impacts: Positive Cloud Radiative Forcing (RF) Reflectance Enhancement Cloud Screening Q2: Positive Cloud RF

28

ARM - Measurement - Backscatter depolarization ratio  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

govMeasurementsBackscatter depolarization ratio govMeasurementsBackscatter depolarization ratio ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Backscatter depolarization ratio The ratio of cross polarized to co-polarized elastic backscatter. Categories Aerosols Instruments The above measurement is considered scientifically relevant for the following instruments. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers of each instrument for a list of all available measurements, including those recorded for diagnostic or quality assurance purposes. ARM Instruments HSRL : High Spectral Resolution Lidar RL : Raman Lidar Field Campaign Instruments HSRL : High Spectral Resolution Lidar MIRAI : JAMSTEC Research Vessel Mirai MPL-AIR : Micropulse Lidar- Airborne

29

Fluorescence lidar monitoring of historic buildings  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Laser-induced fluorescence spectra detected with high-spectral-resolution lidar on the facades of the Baptistery and the Cathedral in Parma are presented and discussed. The...

Raimondi, Valentina; Cecchi, Giovanna; Pantani, Luca; Chiari, Roberto

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

deslover-99.PDF  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Cloud Optical Depth Retrieval Cloud Optical Depth Retrieval From MPL-Measured Cloud Boundaries D. H. DeSlover University of Wisconsin-Madison Cooperative Institute for Meteorological Satellite Studies Madison, Wisconsin W. L. Smith National Aeronautics and Space Administration Langley Research Center Hampton, Virginia Introduction The ability to derive cloud microphysical properties from Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI) data has improved with the recent addition of cloud boundaries that are determined from the Cloud and Radiation Testbed (CART) Micropulse Lidar (MPL) measurements. A series of 18 microwindows were chosen to measure cloud emission within the infrared atmospheric window (8 micron to 12 micron) from the AERI data. These spectral regions represent the least contaminated

31

Airborne Doppler Lidar Wind Field Measurements  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A coherent Doppler lidar has been used in an aircraft to measure the 2-dimensional wind field in a number of different atmospheric situations. The lidar, a pulsed CO2 system, was installed in the NASA Convair 990. Galileo II, and flown in a ...

J. Bilbro; G. Fichtl; D. Fitzjarrald; M. Krause; R. Lee

1984-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Definition: LiDAR | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

LiDAR LiDAR Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png LiDAR Light Detection and Ranging (LiDAR) is an active remote sensing technology that uses optical measurements of scattered light to find range (Young, 2006). Measurements can be made from aircraft- or land-based sensors. Distance to an object is determined by the time delay between transmission and detection of a laser pulse. It is accurate to within 0.1 m (at 1-m resolution, 0.3 m at 3-m resolution) and has the ability to measure the land surface elevation beneath the vegetation canopy. View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Also Known As Light Detection And Ranging Related Terms DEM, Digital Elevation Model tran LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. smission lines,transmission line,transmission

33

Development of LED mini-Lidar  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this study, we aim to develop a mini-lidar system using a LED (Light Emitting Diode) as the light source for near-range measurement. Because LED is small size device and its...

Koyama, Moriaki; Shiina, Tatsuo

34

Lidar characterization of crystalline silica generation and gravel plant  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The lidar vertical pro?les and wind speed data were used toof wind speed and concentration (based on lidar verticalvertical plane at a given height, z, was calculated as the product of the wind speed

Trzepla-Nabaglo, K.; Shiraki, R.; Holm'en, B. A.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

Semiconductor Laser Lidar Wind Velocity Sensor for Turbine Control  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A dual line-of-sight CW lidar that measures both wind speed and direction is presented. The wind lidar employs a semiconductor laser, which allows for inexpensive remote sensors geared...

Rodrigo, Peter John; Hu, Qi; Pedersen, Christian

36

ARM - Measurement - Aerosol optical depth  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

depth depth ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Aerosol optical depth A measure of how much light aerosols prevent from passing through a column of atmosphere. Categories Aerosols Instruments The above measurement is considered scientifically relevant for the following instruments. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers of each instrument for a list of all available measurements, including those recorded for diagnostic or quality assurance purposes. ARM Instruments HSRL : High Spectral Resolution Lidar MPL : Micropulse Lidar MFRSR : Multifilter Rotating Shadowband Radiometer NIMFR : Normal Incidence Multifilter Radiometer Field Campaign Instruments AOS-PMFOV : Acoustical Optical Spectrometer-Photometer with Multiple

37

1  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

LIRAD Analysis of TWP Cirrus at Nauru LIRAD Analysis of TWP Cirrus at Nauru R. T. Austin, C. Mitrescu, and G. L. Stephens Department of Atmospheric Science Colorado State University Fort Collins, Colorado Introduction The purpose of this work is to implement algorithms for retrieval of high-cloud emittance and optical depth using lidar-radiometer (LIRAD) analysis based on available continuous data streams from the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program's Cloud and Radiation Testbed (CART) sites. Routine, continuous operation of the micropulse lidar (MPL), infrared thermometer (IRT), microwave radiometer (MWR), and frequent sonde soundings should allow for near-continuous retrieval of LIRAD products, subject to time and accuracy limitations described later in this paper. Initial development of

38

ARM - Measurement - Cloud base height  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

base height base height ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Cloud base height For a given cloud or cloud layer, the lowest level of the atmosphere where cloud properties are detectable. Categories Cloud Properties Instruments The above measurement is considered scientifically relevant for the following instruments. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers of each instrument for a list of all available measurements, including those recorded for diagnostic or quality assurance purposes. ARM Instruments BLC : Belfort Laser Ceilometer MPL : Micropulse Lidar MWRP : Microwave Radiometer Profiler RL : Raman Lidar VCEIL : Vaisala Ceilometer External Instruments NOAASURF : NOAA Surface Meteorology Data, collected by NWS and NCDC

39

LiDAR | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

LiDAR LiDAR Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Technique: LiDAR Details Activities (10) Areas (5) Regions (0) NEPA(0) Exploration Technique Information Exploration Group: Remote Sensing Techniques Exploration Sub Group: Active Sensors Parent Exploration Technique: Active Sensors Information Provided by Technique Lithology: Stratigraphic/Structural: delineate faults, create high-resolution DEMS, quantify fault kinemaics, develop lineament maps Hydrological: Thermal: Cost Information Low-End Estimate (USD): 300.0030,000 centUSD 0.3 kUSD 3.0e-4 MUSD 3.0e-7 TUSD / sq. mile Median Estimate (USD): 850.0085,000 centUSD 0.85 kUSD 8.5e-4 MUSD 8.5e-7 TUSD / sq. mile High-End Estimate (USD): 1,300.00130,000 centUSD 1.3 kUSD 0.0013 MUSD 1.3e-6 TUSD / sq. mile

40

Raman lidar/AERI PBL Height Product  

DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

Planetary Boundary Layer (PBL) heights have been computed using potential temperature profiles derived from Raman lidar and AERI measurements. Raman lidar measurements of the rotational Raman scattering from nitrogen and oxygen are used to derive vertical profiles of potential temperature. AERI measurements of downwelling radiance are used in a physical retrieval approach (Smith et al. 1999, Feltz et al. 1998) to derive profiles of temperature and water vapor. The Raman lidar and AERI potential temperature profiles are merged to create a single potential temperature profile for computing PBL heights. PBL heights were derived from these merged potential temperature profiles using a modified Heffter (1980) technique that was tailored to the SGP site (Della Monache et al., 2004). PBL heights were computed on an hourly basis for the period January 1, 2009 through December 31, 2011. These heights are provided as meters above ground level.

Ferrare, Richard

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "micropulse lidar mpl" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Systematic Sampling of Scanning Lidar Swaths  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Popescu Proof of concept lidar research has, to date, examined wall-to-wall models of forest ecosystems. While these studies have been important for verifying lidars efficacy for forest surveys, complete coverage is likely not the most cost effective... year of my graduate studies. Also, to Jin Zhu and the other members of the Aerial Photography project at the Texas Forest Service for opening my eyes to the practical uses of GIS and remote sensing, their encouragement for me to obtain a graduate...

Marcell, Wesley Tyler

2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

42

E-Print Network 3.0 - aerosol lidar profilometer Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

CLASIC Summary: Lidar RH Changes in aerosol properties and RH near clouds Airborne NASA LaRC HSRL, ARM SGP ground... ) RamanLidar RelativeHumidityRamanLidar Aerosol Extensive...

43

E-Print Network 3.0 - absorption lidar performance Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

performed with the lidar25 operated simultaneously at Bordeaux (550 km away... . The NASA God- dard Space Flight Center (GSFC) mobile lidar system ... Source: Ecole Polytechnique,...

44

Raman Lidar Measurements of Aerosols and Water Vapor During the...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

modifications reduced but could not eliminate these adverse effects. The Raman lidar water vapor (aerosol extinction) measurements produced by these modified algorithms were,...

45

Comparison of the CALIPSO satellite and ground-based observations of cirrus clouds at the ARM TWP sites  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Statistics of ice cloud macrophysical and optical properties from the Cloud-Aerosol LIdar with Orthogonal Polarization (CALIOP) instrument on board the Cloud-Aerosol Lidar and Infrared Pathfinder Satellite Observations (CALIPSO) satellite are compared with those from ground-based lidar observations over a 31 month period. Ground-based lidar observations are taken from the micropulse lidars (MPL) at the three Department of Energy Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) tropical western pacific (TWP) sites: Manus, Nauru and Darwin. CALIPSO observations show a larger cloud fraction at high altitudes while the ground-based MPLs show a larger cloud fraction at low altitudes. The difference in mean ice cloud top and base heights at the Manus and Nauru sites are all within 0.51 km, although differences are statistically significant. Mean ice cloud geometrical thickness agree to within 0.05 km at the Manus and Nauru sites. Larger differences exist at Darwin due to excessive degradation of the MPL output power during our sampling period. Both sets of observations show thicker clouds during the nighttime which may be real but could also be partially an artifact of the decreased signal-to-noise ratio during the daytime. The number of ice cloud layers per profile are also shown to be consistent after accounting for the difference in spatial resolution. For cloud optical depths, four different retrieval methods are compared, two for each set of observations. All products show that the majority of ice cloud optical depths ({approx}60%) fall below an optical depth of 0.2. For most comparisons all four retrievals agree to within the uncertainty intervals. We find that both CALIPSO retrievals agree best to ground-based optical depths when the lidar ratio in the latter is retrieved instead of set to a fixed value. Also thoroughly compared is the cloud properties for the subset of ice clouds which reside in the tropical tropopause layer (TTL).

Thorsen, Tyler J.; Fu, Q.; Comstock, Jennifer M.

2011-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

46

ARM - Publications: Science Team Meeting Documents: Autonomous...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Autonomous Retrieval of Cloud and Aerosol Properties from ARM Micropulse Lidar Flynn, Connor Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Christy, Jason Columbia University Beus, Sherman...

47

EN-025 Tools & Applications December 2008 Lidar Remote Sensing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

IS LIDAR? Lidar (light detection and ranging system) is a relatively new type of active remote sensing are small-footprint, discrete return systems that record two to five returns for each emitted laser pulse fashion as an aerial photography camera. · An inertial measurement unit that records the pitch, yaw

48

Ris-PhD-Report Complex Terrain and Wind Lidars  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

calculations over the same terrains. The lidar performance was also simulated with the commercial software WAs;#12;Author: Ferhat Bingöl Title: Complex terrain and wind lidars Division: Wind Energy Division Risø-PhD-52 and the comparison of the measurement data with the flow model outputs showed that the mean wind speed calculated

49

Validation of Innovative Exploration Technologies for Newberry Volcano: LIDAR of Newberry Volcano 2012  

DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

Validation of Innovative Exploration Technologies for Newberry Volcano: LIDAR of Newberry Volcano 2012

Jaffe, Todd

50

Discrimination between thin cirrus and and tropospheric aerosol using  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Discrimination between thin cirrus and and tropospheric aerosol using Discrimination between thin cirrus and and tropospheric aerosol using multiple measurements from Darwin ARCS Mitchell, Ross CSIRO Category: Aerosols Thin cirrus cloud occurs frequently in the tropics, and is often difficult to distinguish from tropospheric aerosol on the basis of temporal variations in ground based measurements, since both can be rather spatially uniform. In this study we investigate their discrimination by combining data from three instruments at the Darwin Atmospheric Radiation and Cloud Station (ARCS): the Cimel sun photometer (CSP), the micropulse lidar (MPL), and the total sky imager (TSI). The study was carried out over the dry season of 2005, with the usual widespread burning of tropical savanna leading to extensive smoke plumes. It is shown that the locus of data in

51

Yost_ARM_Mar07.ppt  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

III. Improved Cloud Detection over the SGP III. Improved Cloud Detection over the SGP * GOES-8 data from June to November 1998 were reprocessed over a region within a 10-km radius of the ARM SGP Central Facility using the new stats algorithm to aid cloud detection during twilight * Table 1 shows how the new VISST cloud amounts compare to 30-minute averaged cloud amounts derived from micropulse lidar (MPL) data. Values in parentheses were obtained without using the stats algorithm * An example from June 5, 1998, is illustrated in Figure 2 below * Most of the warm low clouds over Kansas and northern Oklahoma were detected by the nighttime cloud mask at 1115 Z (not shown) but missed by the twilight cloud mask at 1145 Z (Fig. 2a) * The stats algorithm restores much of the cloud cover (Fig. 2b) and this is easily verified by looking at an

52

ackerman-98.pdf  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

One-Year Cloud Climatology for the One-Year Cloud Climatology for the Southern Great Plains Site T. P. Ackerman, R. T. Marchand, and E. E. Clothiaux Department of Meteorology The Pennsylvania State University University Park, Pennsylvania Introduction The addition of the millimeter wave cloud radar (MMCR) to the suite of instruments at the Southern Great Plains (SGP) site has provided the necessary observations to produce a cloud climatology. Data from the MMCR are currently being combined with data from the Belfort laser ceilometer (BLC) and micropulse lidar (MPL) to determine cloud occurrence and location using algorithms developed by our research group. These basic cloud statistics should prove useful for comparing with both single-column model (SCM) and general circulation model (GCM) predictions of cloud

53

ARM - VAP Process - mplnor  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Productsmplnor Productsmplnor Documentation & Plots Data Management Facility Plots (Quick Looks) ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send VAP : Normalized Backscatter Profiles from the Micropulse Lidar (MPLNOR) Instrument Categories Cloud Properties This VAP has two primary purposes: to apply the appropriate corrections to create normalized backscatter profiles from the MPL, and to detect all significant cloud boundaries from this normalized dataset. The corrections included in the normalization process include background subtraction, a correction for the afterpulsing (ringing) of the detector, an correction for the disparity between the laser and detector's field-of-view (overlap),

54

ARM - Measurement - Aerosol backscattered radiation  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

backscattered radiation backscattered radiation ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Aerosol backscattered radiation The scattering of radiant energy into the hemisphere of space bounded by a plane normal to the direction of the incident radiation and lying on the same side as the incident ray. Categories Aerosols Instruments The above measurement is considered scientifically relevant for the following instruments. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers of each instrument for a list of all available measurements, including those recorded for diagnostic or quality assurance purposes. ARM Instruments AOS : Aerosol Observing System MPL : Micropulse Lidar NEPHELOMETER : Nephelometer

55

The influence of LiDAR pulse density on the precision of inventory metrics in young unthinned Douglas-fir stands during initial and subsequent LiDAR acquisitions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

LiDAR is an established technology that is increasingly being used to characterise spatial variation in stand metrics used in forest inventory. As the cost of LiDAR acquisition markedly declines with LiDAR pul...

Michael S Watt; Andrew Meredith; Pete Watt

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Atmospheric Data, Images, and Animations from Lidar Instruments used by the University of Wisconsin Lidar Group  

DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

The Space Science and Engineering Center is a research and development center affiliated with the University of Wisconsin-Madisons Graduate School. Its primary focus is on geophysical research and technology to enhance understanding of the atmosphere of Earth, the other planets in the Solar System, and the cosmos. SSEC develops new observing tools for spacecraft, aircraft, and ground-based platforms, and models atmospheric phenomena. The Center receives, manages and distributes huge amounts of geophysical data and develops software to visualize and manipulate these data for use by researchers and operational meteorologists all over the world.[Taken from About SSEC at http://www.ssec.wisc.edu/overview/] A huge collection of data products, images, and animations comes to the SSEC from the University of Wisconsin Lidar Group. Contents of this collection include: An archive of thousands of Lidar images acquired before 2004 Arctic HSRL, MMCR, PAERI, MWR, Radiosonde, and CRAS forecast data Data after May 1, 2004 MPEG animations and Lidar Multiple Scattering Models

57

Mitigation of Coastal Bluff Instability in San Diego County, California/Evaluating Seacliff Morphology and Erosion Control in San Diego County Using LIDAR and GIS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

County Using LIDAR and GIS In order to evaluate seacliffgeographic information systems (GIS) analysis. LIDAR is the

Ashford, Scott

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

LiDAR (Laney, 2005) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

LiDAR (Laney, 2005) LiDAR (Laney, 2005) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: LiDAR (Laney, 2005) Exploration Activity Details Location Unspecified Exploration Technique LiDAR Activity Date Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown Notes Design of Sampling Strategies to Detect CO2 Emissions From Hidden Geothermal Systems, Lewicki, Oldenburg and Kennedy. The objective of this project is to investigate geothermal CO2 monitoring in the near surface as a tool to discover hidden geothermal reservoirs. A primary goal of this project is to develop an approach that places emphasis on cost and time-efficient near-surface exploration methods and yields results to guide and focus more cost-intensive geophysical measurements, installation of

59

ARM - Field Campaign - Boundary Layer CO2 Using CW Lidar  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

govCampaignsBoundary Layer CO2 Using CW Lidar govCampaignsBoundary Layer CO2 Using CW Lidar Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign : Boundary Layer CO2 Using CW Lidar 2005.05.21 - 2005.05.24 Lead Scientist : Michael Dobbs Description Overflights Underway at ACRF Southern Great Plains Site (M.Dobbs/J.Liljegren) Science collaborators at ITT Industries and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Langley Research Center (LaRC) conducted flights over the Central Facility at ACRF's Southern Great Plains (SGP) site as part of the Climate Sources and Sink (CO2) Intensive Operational Period (IOP), using a CW lidar. The objective of the flights was to validate, by demonstration and comparison with SGP ground observations, the performance of the ITT system when used in conjunction with retrieval

60

URBAN MODELING FROM LIDAR DATA IN AN INTEGRATED GIS ENVIRONMENT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

are analyzed and possible solutions are proposed by fusing lidar data with other image data. Study shows: it allows rapid generation large-scale DTM (digital terrain model); is daylight independent; is relatively

Shan, Jie

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "micropulse lidar mpl" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Comparison of 2- and 10-m Coherent Doppler Lidar Performance  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The performance of 2- and 10-m coherent Doppler lidar is presented in terms of the statistical distribution of the maximum-likelihood velocity estimator from simulations for fixed range resolution and fixed velocity search space as a function of ...

Rod Frehlich

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Cirrus Classification at Midlatitude from Systematic Lidar Observations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Systematic cirrus lidar measurements performed in the south of France during 2000 are analyzed statistically to search for cloud classes. The classes are based on cloud characteristics (cloud thickness, light backscattering efficiency, and its ...

P. Keckhut; F. Borchi; S. Bekki; A. Hauchecorne; M. SiLaouina

2006-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Oil spill fluorosensing lidar for inclined onshore or shipboard operation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An oil spill detection fluorosensing lidar for onshore or shipboard operation is described. Some difficulties for its operation arise from the inclined path of rays. This is due to...

Karpicz, Renata; Dementjev, Andrej; Kuprionis, Zenonas; Pakalnis, Saulius; Westphal, Rainer; Reuter, Rainer; Gulbinas, Vidmantas

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

LIDAR Wind Speed Measurements of Evolving Wind Fields  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Light Detection and Ranging (LIDAR) systems are able to measure the speed of incoming wind before it interacts with a wind turbine rotor. These preview wind measurements can be used in feedforward control systems designed to reduce turbine loads. However, the degree to which such preview-based control techniques can reduce loads by reacting to turbulence depends on how accurately the incoming wind field can be measured. Past studies have assumed Taylor's frozen turbulence hypothesis, which implies that turbulence remains unchanged as it advects downwind at the mean wind speed. With Taylor's hypothesis applied, the only source of wind speed measurement error is distortion caused by the LIDAR. This study introduces wind evolution, characterized by the longitudinal coherence of the wind, to LIDAR measurement simulations to create a more realistic measurement model. A simple model of wind evolution is applied to a frozen wind field used in previous studies to investigate the effects of varying the intensity of wind evolution. LIDAR measurements are also evaluated with a large eddy simulation of a stable boundary layer provided by the National Center for Atmospheric Research. Simulation results show the combined effects of LIDAR errors and wind evolution for realistic turbine-mounted LIDAR measurement scenarios.

Simley, E.; Pao, L. Y.

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

Mapping surface fuels using LIDAR and multispectral data fusion for fire behavior modeling  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, LIDAR derived data provides accurate estimates of surface fuel parameters efficiently and accurately over extensive areas of forests. This study demonstrates the importance of using accurate maps of fuel models derived using new LIDAR remote sensing...

Mutlu, Muge

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

66

Long-Term Evaluation of Temperature Profiles Measured by an Operational Raman Lidar  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study investigates the accuracy and calibration stability of temperature profiles derived from an operational Raman lidar over a 2-yr period from 1 January 2009 to 31 December 2010. The lidar, which uses the rotational Raman technique for ...

Rob K. Newsom; David D. Turner; John E. M. Goldsmith

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

Lidar Scanning of Momentum Flux in and above the Atmospheric Surface Layer  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Methods to measure the vertical flux of horizontal momentum using both continuous wave and pulsed Doppler lidar profilers are evaluated. The lidar measurements are compared to momentum flux observations performed with sonic anemometers over flat ...

J. Mann; A. Pea; F. Bingl; R. Wagner; M. S. Courtney

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Alternate spatial sampling approaches for ecosystem structure inventory using spaceborne lidar  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

used in aircraft lidar remote sensing where power, heat, and reliability are less of a concern since January 2011 Accepted 29 January 2011 Available online 23 March 2011 Keywords: Lidar Remote sensing Laser collected in transects and should be considered for future lidar remote sensing missions. © 2011 Elsevier

Lefsky, Michael

69

ARM - Field Campaign - Lidar support for ICECAPS at Summit, Greenland  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

govCampaignsLidar support for ICECAPS at Summit, Greenland govCampaignsLidar support for ICECAPS at Summit, Greenland Campaign Links ICECAPS Campaign Summary (PDF) Summit Station Research Highlight New Data from Greenland for Arctic Climate Research Cloud Cocktail Melts Greenland Ice Sheet Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign : Lidar support for ICECAPS at Summit, Greenland 2010.04.15 - 2014.10.31 Lead Scientist : David Turner Description Beginning in May 2010, the Integrated Characterization of Energy, Clouds, Atmospheric State, and Precipitation over Summit (ICECAPS) project, funded through the National Science Foundation's Arctic Observing Network, is deploying a suite of remote sensors at Summit, Greenland, for four years. With dining facilities and communications gear, the "Big House" at Summit Station serves as the central gathering area for site researchers. (Photo courtesy Summit Station.)

70

Assessment and Optimization of Lidar Measurement Availability for Wind Turbine Control: Preprint  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Turbine-mounted lidars provide preview measurements of the incoming wind field. By reducing loads on critical components and increasing the potential power extracted from the wind, the performance of wind turbine controllers can be improved [2]. As a result, integrating a light detection and ranging (lidar) system has the potential to lower the cost of wind energy. This paper presents an evaluation of turbine-mounted lidar availability. Availability is a metric which measures the proportion of time the lidar is producing controller-usable data, and is essential when a wind turbine controller relies on a lidar. To accomplish this, researchers from Avent Lidar Technology and the National Renewable Energy Laboratory first assessed and modeled the effect of extreme atmospheric events. This shows how a multirange lidar delivers measurements for a wide variety of conditions. Second, by using a theoretical approach and conducting an analysis of field feedback, we investigated the effects of the lidar setup on the wind turbine. This helps determine the optimal lidar mounting position at the back of the nacelle, and establishes a relationship between availability, turbine rpm, and lidar sampling time. Lastly, we considered the role of the wind field reconstruction strategies and the turbine controller on the definition and performance of a lidar's measurement availability.

Davoust, S.; Jehu, A.; Bouillet, M.; Bardon, M.; Vercherin, B.; Scholbrock, A.; Fleming, P.; Wright, A.

2014-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

INTEGRATED LIDAR & PHOTOGRAMMETRIC DOCUMENTATION OF THE RED GULCH DINOSAUR  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

101 INTEGRATED LIDAR & PHOTOGRAMMETRIC DOCUMENTATION OF THE RED GULCH DINOSAUR TRACKSITE (WYOMING. At the First International Symposium on Dinosaur Tracks and Traces in 1989, concerns were expressed about collection and imaging techniques used to document fossil resources. Digital techniques are typically non

Falkingham, Peter

72

LiDAR At Chocolate Mountains Area (Alm, Et Al., 2010) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

LiDAR At Chocolate Mountains Area (Alm, Et Al., 2010) LiDAR At Chocolate Mountains Area (Alm, Et Al., 2010) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: LiDAR At Chocolate Mountains Area (Alm, Et Al., 2010) Exploration Activity Details Location Chocolate Mountains Area Exploration Technique LiDAR Activity Date Usefulness useful DOE-funding Unknown Notes Recent exploration includes a high resolution aerial Li-DAR survey flown over the project areas, securing over 177,000 square kilometers of <30cm accuracy digital elevation data. LiDAR data were analyzed to characterize the active tectonic environment, and identify Holocene structures, which are common conduits for upwelling geothermal fluids. References Steve Alm, S. Bjornstad, M. Lazaro, A. Sabin1, D. Meade, J. Shoffner, W. C. Huang, J. Unruh, M. Strane, H. Ross (2010) Geothermal

73

Assessment and Optimization of Lidar Measurement Availability for Wind Turbine Control (Poster)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Integrating Lidar to improve wind turbine controls is a potential breakthrough for reducing the cost of wind energy. By providing undisturbed wind measurements up to 400m in front of the rotor, Lidar may provide an accurate update of the turbine inflow with a preview time of several seconds. Focusing on loads, several studies have evaluated potential reductions using integrated Lidar, either by simulation or full scale field testing.

Scholbrock, F. A.; Fleming, P.; Wright, A.; Davoust, S.; Jehu, A.; Bouillet, M.; Bardon M.; Vercherin, B.

2014-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

Ground-truth aerosol lidar observations: can the Klett solutions obtained from ground and space be equal for the same aerosol case?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Upcoming multiyear satellite lidar aerosol observations need strong support by a worldwide ground-truth lidar network. In this context the question arises as to whether the ground...

Ansmann, Albert

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

NASAs Space Lidar Measurements of Earth and Planetary Surfaces  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This presentation will give an overview of history, ongoing work, and plans for using space lidar for measurements of planetary surfaces.

Abshire, James B

76

E-Print Network 3.0 - absorption lidar system Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

light absorption... lidar system are proposed ... Source: Zavrtanik, Marko - Experimental Particle Physics Department, Jozef Stefan Institute Collection: Physics 77 Atmos. Chem....

77

Structural Analysis of Southern Dixie Valley using LiDAR and...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Structural Analysis of Southern Dixie Valley using LiDAR and Low-Sun-Angle Aerial Photography, NAS Fallon Geothermal Exploration Project, Dixie Valley, Nevada Jump to: navigation,...

78

High-resolution lidar observations of mesospheric sodium and implications for adaptive optics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Observations of sodium density variability in the upper mesosphere/lower thermosphere, obtained using a high-resolution lidar system, show rapid fluctuations in the sodium centroid...

Pfrommer, Thomas; Hickson, Paul

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Comparison of temperature and humidity profiles with elastic-backscatter lidar data  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This contribution analyzes elastic-backscatter lidar data and temperature and humidity profiles from radiosondes acquired in Barcelona in July 1992. Elastic-backscatter lidar data reveal the distribution of aerosols within the volume of atmosphere scanned. By comparing this information with temperature and humidity profiles of the atmosphere at a similar time, we are able to asses de relationship among aerosol distribution and atmospheric stability or water content, respectively. Comparisons have shown how lidar`s revealed layers of aerosols correspond to atmospheric layers with different stability condition and water content.

Soriano, C. [Universidad Politecnica de Cataluna, Barcelona (Spain)]|[Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Buttler, W.T. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Baldasano, J.M. [Universidad Politecnica de Cataluna, Barcelona (Spain)

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

LIDAR Wind Speed Measurements of Evolving Wind Fields  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Light Detection and Ranging (LIDAR) systems are able to measure the speed of incoming wind before it interacts with a wind turbine rotor. These preview wind measurements can be used in feedforward control systems that are designed to reduce turbine loads. However, the degree to which such preview-based control techniques can reduce loads by reacting to turbulence depends on how accurately the incoming wind field can be measured. Past studies have assumed the validity of physicist G.I. Taylor's 1938 frozen turbulence hypothesis, which implies that turbulence remains unchanged as it advects downwind at the mean wind speed. With Taylor's hypothesis applied, the only source of wind speed measurement error is distortion caused by the LIDAR. This study introduces wind evolution, characterized by the longitudinal coherence of the wind, to LIDAR measurement simulations using the National Renewable Energy Laboratory's (NREL's) 5-megawatt turbine model to create a more realistic measurement model. A simple model of wind evolution was applied to a frozen wind field that was used in previous studies to investigate the effects of varying the intensity of wind evolution. LIDAR measurements were also evaluated using a large eddy simulation (LES) of a stable boundary layer that was provided by the National Center for Atmospheric Research. The LIDAR measurement scenario investigated consists of a hub-mounted LIDAR that scans a circle of points upwind of the turbine in order to estimate the wind speed component in the mean wind direction. Different combinations of the preview distance that is located upwind of the rotor and the radius of the scan circle were analyzed. It was found that the dominant source of measurement error for short preview distances is the detection of transverse and vertical wind speeds from the line-of-sight LIDAR measurement. It was discovered in previous studies that, in the absence of wind evolution, the dominant source of error for large preview distances is the spatial averaging caused by the LIDAR's sampling volume. However, by introducing wind evolution, the dominant source of error for large preview distances was found to be the coherence loss caused by evolving turbulence. Different measurement geometries were compared using the bandwidth for which the measurement coherence remained above 0.5 and also the area under the measurement coherence curve. Results showed that, by increasing the intensity of wind evolution, the measurement coherence decreases. Using the coherence bandwidth metric, the optimal preview distance for a fixed-scan radius remained almost constant for low and moderate amounts of wind evolution. For the wind field with the simple wind evolution model introduced, the optimal preview distance for a scan radius of 75% blade span (47.25 meters) was found to be 80 meters. Using the LES wind field, the optimal preview distance was 65 meters. When comparing scan geometries using the area under the coherence curve, results showed that, as the intensity of wind evolution increases, the optimal preview distance decreases.

Simley, E.; Pao, L. Y.; Kelley, N.; Jonkman, B.; Frehlich, R.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "micropulse lidar mpl" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Using LiDAR and normalized difference vegetation index to remotely determine LAI and percent canopy cover at varying scales  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: (1) Develop scanning LiDAR and multispectral imagery methods to estimate PCC and LAI over both hardwood and coniferous forests; (2) investigate whether a LiDAR and normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) data fusion through linear regression...

Griffin, Alicia Marie Rutledge

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

82

Impact of airborne Doppler wind lidar profiles on numerical simulations of a tropical cyclone  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Click Here for Full Article Impact of airborne Doppler wind lidar profiles on numerical simulations Regional Campaign (TPARC) field experiment in 2008, an airborne Doppler wind lidar (DWL) was onboard the U measurements on the numerical simulation of Typhoon Nuri (2008) in its formation phase. With an advanced

Pu, Zhaoxia

83

An initial assessment of the Robust And Compact Hybrid Environmental Lidar (RACHEL)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the greatest source of uncertainty in global climate models [1]. Their rapid variability in both time and space lidar techniques, the extinction and backscat- ter coefficients of an aerosol can be measured simul the assembly of a high-density, automated lidar network is impractical, despite the sig- nificant science gains

Oxford, University of

84

3D Turbulence Measurements Using Three Synchronous Wind Lidars: Validation against Sonic Anemometry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents a technique to measure the time series of the three components of the wind vector at a point in space from synchronous measurements of three scanning Doppler wind lidars. Knowing the position of each lidar on the ground and the ...

Fernando Carbajo Fuertes; Giacomo Valerio Iungo; Fernando Port-Agel

2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

First Verification Test and Wake Measurement Results Using a SHIP-LIDAR System  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Measuring wind offshore in deep water depths will be a future challenge. Where the sea bed foundation installation for fixed meteorological masts is impossible, floating systems tend to be a sophisticated solution. In addition to the use of moored lidar- buoy systems, ship-lidar systems are an alternative solution for a number of different applications. In this paper we describe general aspects of motion influences on lidar measurements as well as two motion-correction methods for motion-influenced lidar measurements. The implementation of the ship-lidar system and different scanning modes will be presented. First measurements were carried out as part of the EERA-DTOC project. Hence a verification of one of the two correction algorithms as well as first results from wake measurements behind the Alpha Ventus offshore wind farm will be shown. This comprises distinct wind speed wake losses and an increasing turbulence intensity in a distance of approximately 2km behind the wind farm.

G. Wolken-Mhlmann; J. Gottschall; B. Lange

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

ARM - Facility News Article  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

August 31, 2006 [Facility News] August 31, 2006 [Facility News] New Lidars Installed at Tropical Western Pacific Site Bookmark and Share A representative from Sigma Space Corporation trains ARM operations staff in Darwin, Australia, on various components of the new micropulse lidar. The lidar, shown at left, will be placed in one of the outdoor instrument shelters, below a hole in the roof for the laser to pulse through. A representative from Sigma Space Corporation trains ARM operations staff in Darwin, Australia, on various components of the new micropulse lidar. The lidar, shown at left, will be placed in one of the outdoor instrument shelters, below a hole in the roof for the laser to pulse through. As reported in May, all the ARM sites are benefiting from new and upgraded micropulse lidars. This month, the new lidar was received in Darwin,

87

ARM - Campaign Instrument - mpl-air  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

(CLASIC) Download Data Southern Great Plains, 2007.06.01 - 2007.06.30 Spring UAV Campaign Download Data Off Site Campaign : various, including non-ARM sites,...

88

Lidar-based Research and Innovation at DTU Wind Energy a Review  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

As wind turbines during the past decade have increased in size so have the challenges met by the atmospheric boundary-layer meteorologists and the wind energy society to measure and characterize the huge-volume wind fields surpassing and driving them. At the DTU Wind Energy test site "sterild" for huge wind turbines, the hub-height of a recently installed 8 MW Vestas V164 turbine soars 143 meters up above the ground, and its rotor of amazing 164 meters in diameter make the turbine tips flicker 225 meters into the sky. Following the revolution in photonics-based telecommunication at the turn of the Millennium new fibre-based wind lidar technologies emerged and DTU Wind Energy, at that time embedded within Rise National Laboratory, began in collaboration with researchers from wind lidar companies to measure remote sensed wind profiles and turbulence structures within the atmospheric boundary layer with the emerging, at that time new, all-fibre-based 1.55 ? coherent detection wind lidars. Today, ten years later, DTU Wind Energy routinely deploys ground-based vertical profilers instead of met masts for high-precision measurements of mean wind profiles and turbulence profiles. At the departments test site "Hvsre" DTU Wind Energy also routinely calibrate and accredit wind lidar manufactures wind lidars. Meanwhile however, new methodologies for power curve assessment based on ground-based and nacelle based lidars have also emerged. For improving the turbines power curve assessments and for advancing their control with feed-forward wind measurements experience has also been gained with wind lidars installed on turbine nacelles and integrated into the turbines rotating spinners. A new mobile research infrastructure WindScanner.dk has also emerged at DTU Wind Energy. Wind and turbulence fields are today scanned from sets of three simultaneously in space and time synchronized scanning lidars. One set consists of three fast scanning continuous-wave based wind lidars (short-range system), and another consisting of three synchronized pulsed wind lidar systems (long-range system). Today, wind lidar profilers and WindScanners are routinely deployed and operated during field tests and measurement campaigns. Lidars have been installed and operated from ground, on offshore platforms, and also as scanning lidars integrated in operating turbines. As a result, wind profiles and also detailed 3D scanning of wind and turbulence fields have been achieved: 1) of the free wind aloft, 2) over complex terrain, 3) at coastal ranges with land-sea interfaces, 4) offshore, 5) in turbine inflow induction zone, and 6) of the complex and turbulent flow fields in the wakes inside wind parks.

T Mikkelsen

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Using CO2 Lidar for Standoff Detection of a Perfluorocarbon Tracer in Air  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Tag, Track and Location System Program (TTL) is investigating the use of PFTs as tracers for tagging and tracking items of interest or fallen soldiers. In order for the tagging and tracking to be valuable there must be a location system that can detect the PFTs. This report details the development of an infrared lidar platform for standoff detection of PFTs released into the air from a tagged object or person. Furthering work performed using a table top lidar system in an indoor environment; a mobile mini lidar platform was assembled using an existing Raman lidar platform, a grating tunable CO{sub 2} IR laser, Judson HgCdTe detector and miscellaneous folding optics and electronics. The lidar achieved {approx}200 ppb-m sensitivity in laboratory and indoor testing and was then successfully demonstrated at an outdoor test. The lidar system was able to detect PFTs released into a vehicle from a distance of 100 meters. In its final, fully optimized configuration the lidar was capable of repeatedly detecting PFTs in the air released from tagged vehicles. Responses were immediate and clear. This report details the results of a proof-of-concept demonstration for standoff detection of a perfluorocarbon tracer (PFT) using infrared lidar. The project is part of the Tag, Track and Location System Program and was performed under a contract with Tracer Detection Technology Corp. with funding from the Office of Naval Research. A lidar capable of detecting PFT releases at distance was assembled by modifying an existing Raman lidar platform by incorporating a grating tunable CO{sub 2} IR laser, Judson HgCdTe detector and miscellaneous folding optics and electronics. The lidar achieved {approx}200 ppb-m sensitivity in laboratory and indoor testing and was successfully demonstrated at an outdoor test. The demonstration test (scripted by the sponsor) consisted of three parked cars, two of which were tagged with the PFT. The cars were located 70 (closest) to 100 meters (farthest) from the lidar (the lidar beam path was limited by site constraints and was {approx}100 meters). When one door of each of the cars was opened (sequentially), the lidar was clearly able to determine which vehicles had been tagged and which one was not. The lidar is probably capable of greater than 0.5 kilometer standoff distances based on the extreme amount of signal return achieved (so much that the system had to be de-tuned). The BNL lidar system, while optimized to the extent possible with available parts and budget, was not as sensitive as it could be. Steps to improve the lidar are detailed in this report and include using a better laser system (for more stable power output), dual wavelengths (to improve the sensitivity and allow common mode noise reduction and to allow the use of the lidar in a scanning configuration), heterodyning (for range resolved PFT detection) and an off-axis optical configuration (for improved near field sensitivity).

Heiser,J.H.; Smith, S.; Sedlacek, A.

2008-02-06T23:59:59.000Z

90

Complex-optical-field lidar system for range and vector velocity measurement  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Complex-optical-field lidar system for range and vector velocity measurement Shuang Gao,1,2 Maurice OSullivan,3 and Rongqing Hui2,* 1Department of Electronic Engineering and Information Science, University of Science and Technology of China... lidar system based on the measurement of complex optical field is demonstrated for the first time. An electro-optic in- phase/quadrature (I/Q) modulator is used in the lidar transmitter to realize carrier-suppressed complex optical field modulation...

Gao, Shuang; Sullivan, Maurice O.; Hui, Rongqing

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

ARM - Facility News Article  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

May 15, 2006 [Facility News] May 15, 2006 [Facility News] New Micropulse Lidars to Replace Old Ones; Deployments Begin at SGP Bookmark and Share A representative from Sigma Space Corporation demonstrates the operation of the new micropulse lidar to ARM instrument mentors and site operations technicians. A representative from Sigma Space Corporation demonstrates the operation of the new micropulse lidar to ARM instrument mentors and site operations technicians. On May 3, the first of seven new and upgraded micropulse lidars (MPLs) was deployed at the ARM Southern Great Plains (SGP) site's Central Facility. These seven identical systems (including one spare) will replace the existing MPLs deployed at facilities throughout the SGP site and include new polarization capability. The MPLs provide critical backscatter

92

LiDAR At Twenty-Nine Palms Area (Page, Et Al., 2010) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Twenty-Nine Palms Area (Page, Et Al., 2010) Twenty-Nine Palms Area (Page, Et Al., 2010) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: LiDAR At Twenty-Nine Palms Geothermal Area (Page, Et Al., 2010) Exploration Activity Details Location Twenty-Nine Palms Geothermal Area Exploration Technique LiDAR Activity Date Usefulness useful DOE-funding Unknown Notes Primary LiDAR application to this project was Airborne Laser Swath Mapping (ALSM). This particular application was used to gather data over a specific land area then used to create a Digital Elevation Model (DEM) with a resolution of approximately 1m in the horizontal direction and 10cm in the vertical direction. The LiDAR data gathered for MCAGCC was analyzed in conjunction with other data, such as aerial photography and field

93

Algorithms and Software Tools for Extracting Coastal Morphological Information from Airborne LiDAR Data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

coastal forms and processes. This research aims at developing algorithms for automatically extracting coastal morphological information from LiDAR data. The primary methods developed by this research include automated algorithms for beach profile feature...

Gao, Yige

2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

94

SciTech Connect: Field Test Results from Lidar Measured Yaw Control...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

This bias could be caused by a number of issues such as: poor calibration, electromagnetic interference, rotor wake, or other effects. With a lidar mounted on the nacelle, a...

95

Fully automatic calibration of LIDAR and video streams from a vehicle  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This work describes a fully automatic technique to calibrate a geometric mapping between lidar and video feeds on a mobile ground-based platform. This data association is a crucial first step for any multi-modal scene ...

Bileschi, Stanley M.

96

E-Print Network 3.0 - absorption lidar sensitivity Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

has been modified in recent years (McGee et al., 1991, 1993,20 1995). A Xe... . The NASA God- dard Space Flight Center (GSFC) mobile lidar system was deployed at the Observa-...

97

Studying Clouds and Aerosols with Lidar Depolarization Ratio and Backscatter Relationships  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

comparison of mineral dust aerosol retrievals from two instruments, MODIS and CALIPSO lidar. And, we implement and evaluate a new mineral dust detection algorithm based on the analysis of thin dust radiative signature. In comparison, three commonly used...

Cho, Hyoun-Myoung

2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

98

Narrowband sodium lidar for the measurements of mesopause region temperature and wind  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We report here a narrowband high-spectral resolution sodium temperature/wind lidar recently developed at the University of Science and Technology of China (USTC) in Hefei, China...

Li, Tao; Fang, Xin; Liu, Wei; Gu, Sheng-Yang; Dou, Xiankang

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

LiDAR At Dixie Valley Geothermal Area (Helton, Et Al., 2011)...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Fallon Geothermal Exploration Project. Notes High resolution LiDAR and 1:12000 scale low-sun-angle aerial photography was used in southern Dixie Valley to help better characterize...

100

Digital Outcrop Models: Applications of Terrestrial Scanning Lidar Technology in Stratigraphic Modeling  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...passive sensors. All but the most extreme atmospheric and lighting conditions will have little effect on terrestrial lidar...Changes, Cycles, and Reservoirs on Carbonate Platforms in Greenhouse and Ice-house Worlds: SEPM, Short Course no. 35, 147...

J.A. Bellian; C. Kerans; D.C. Jennette

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "micropulse lidar mpl" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

2.5 MHz Line-Width High-Energy, 2m Coherent Wind Lidar Transmitter  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The design of a diode pumped, injection seeded MOPA with a transform limited line width and diffraction limited beam quality is presented. This lidar transmitter produces over 300mJ...

Petros, Mulugeta; Yu, Jirong; Trieu, Bo; Bai, Yingxin; Petzar, Paul; Singh, Upendra N; Reithmaier, Karl

102

Development of All-fiber Coherent Doppler Lidar to Measure Atmosphere Wind Speed  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An all-fiber pulsed coherent Doppler lidar is developed to measure wind profiles. The maximum horizontal and vertical range for wind speed is 4.2km and 2km with speed accuracy of...

Liu, Jiqiao; Chen, Weibiao; Zhu, Xiaopeng

103

NESTED HIGH RESOLUTION SIMULATION AND LIDAR VALIDATION OF A LAND BREEZE CIRCULATION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NESTED HIGH RESOLUTION SIMULATION AND LIDAR VALIDATION OF A LAND BREEZE CIRCULATION by GIJS DE BOER local forcing. A wide range of scales is simulated using the nesting capability of the University

Eloranta, Edwin W.

104

A Portable Airborne Scanning Lidar System for Ocean and Coastal Applications  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A portable compact airborne scanning lidar system based on the Riegl LMS-Q240i has been developed and its functionality demonstrated for oceanographic and coastal measurements. Differential GPS (DGPS) and an inertial navigation system are ...

Benjamin D. Reineman; Luc Lenain; David Castel; W. Kendall Melville

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Lidar-Observed Stress Vectors and Veer in the Atmospheric Boundary Layer  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study demonstrates that a pulsed wind lidar is a reliable instrument for measuring angles between horizontal vectors of significance in the atmospheric boundary layer. Three different angles are considered: the wind turning, the angle between ...

Jacob Berg; Jakob Mann; Edward G. Patton

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

A Simple Model for Correcting Sodar and Lidar Errors in Complex Terrain  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Ground-based sensing of wind profiles by sodars and lidars is becoming the standard for wind energy and other applications. However, there remain difficulties in complex terrain since the instruments sense wind components in spatially separated ...

Stuart Bradley

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

Development of a lidar polarimeter technique of measuring suspended solids in water  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DEVELOPMENT OF A LIDAR POLARIMETER TECHNIQUE OF MEASURING SUSPENDED SOLIDS IN WATER A Thesis by DAVID W. PRESLEY Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER... OF SCIENCE May 1980 Major Subject; Electrical Engineering DEVELOPMENT OF A LIDAR POLARIMETER TECHNIQUE OF MEASURING SUSPENDED SOLIDS IN WATER A Thesis by DAVID W, PRESLEY Approved as to sty1e and content by: Chairman of Committee H d of Department...

Presley, David W

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Spaceborne profiling of atmospheric temperature and particle extinction with pure rotational Raman lidar and of relative humidity in combination with differential absorption lidar: performance simulations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The performance of a spaceborne temperature lidar based on the pure rotational Raman (RR) technique in the UV has been simulated. Results show that such a system deployed onboard a low-Earth-orbit satellite would provide global-scale clear-sky temperature measurements in the troposphere and lower stratosphere with precisions that satisfy World Meteorological Organization (WMO) threshold observational requirements for numerical weather prediction and climate research applications. Furthermore, nighttime temperature measurements would still be within the WMO threshold observational requirements in the presence of several cloud structures. The performance of aerosol extinction measurements from space, which can be carried out simultaneously with temperature measurements by RR lidar, is also assessed. Furthermore, we discuss simulations of relative humidity measurements from space obtained from RR temperature measurements and water-vapor data measured with the differential absorption lidar (DIAL) technique.

Di Girolamo, Paolo; Behrendt, Andreas; Wulfmeyer, Volker

2006-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

109

Ozone Measurements at Geesthacht (53.4 N, 10.4 E) with an Advanced Raman Lidar  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An advanced Raman lidar, which measures ozone, water vapor, aerosol backscatter, and extinction profiles simoultaneously and independently, has been in routine operation at Geesthacht since February 1995. Results...

Marcus Seiwazi; Jens Reichardt

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Deriving a Framework for Estimating Individual Tree Measurements with Lidar for Use in the TAMBEETLE Southern Pine Beetle Infestation Growth Model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. TAMBEETLE was used to compare spot growth between a lidar-derived forest map and a forest map generated by TAMBEETLE, based on sample plot characteristics. The lidar-derived forest performed comparably to the TAMBEETLE generated forest. Using lidar to map...

Stukey, Jared D.

2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

111

Raman lidar profiling of water vapor and aerosols over the ARM SGP Site  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The authors have developed and implemented automated algorithms to retrieve profiles of water vapor mixing ratio, aerosol backscattering, and aerosol extinction from Southern Great Plains (SGP) Cloud and Radiation Testbed (CART) Raman Lidar data acquired during both daytime and nighttime operations. The Raman lidar sytem is unique in that it is turnkey, automated system designed for unattended, around-the-clock profiling of water vapor and aerosols. These Raman lidar profiles are important for determining the clear-sky radiative flux, as well as for validating the retrieval algorithms associated with satellite sensors. Accurate, high spatial and temporal resolution profiles of water vapor are also required for assimilation into mesoscale models to improve weather forecasts. The authors have also developed and implemented routines to simultaneously retrieve profiles of relative humidity. These routines utilize the water vapor mixing ratio profiles derived from the Raman lidar measurements together with temperature profiles derived from a physical retrieval algorithm that uses data from a collocated Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI) and the Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite (GOES). These aerosol and water vapor profiles (Raman lidar) and temperature profiles (AERI+GOES) have been combined into a single product that takes advantage of both active and passive remote sensors to characterize the clear sky atmospheric state above the CART site.

Ferrare, R.A.

2000-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

112

RAMAN LIDAR PROFILING OF WATER VAPOR AND AEROSOLS OVER THE ARM SGP SITE.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have developed and implemented automated algorithms to retrieve profiles of water vapor mixing ratio, aerosol backscattering, and aerosol extinction from Southern Great Plains (SGP) Cloud and Radiation Testbed (CART) Raman Lidar data acquired during both daytime and nighttime operations. This Raman lidar system is unique in that it is turnkey, automated system designed for unattended, around-the-clock profiling of water vapor and aerosols (Goldsmith et al., 1998). These Raman lidar profiles are important for determining the clear-sky radiative flux, as well as for validating the retrieval algorithms associated with satellite sensors. Accurate, high spatial and temporal resolution profiles of water vapor are also required for assimilation into mesoscale models to improve weather forecasts. We have also developed and implemented routines to simultaneously retrieve profiles of relative humidity. These routines utilize the water vapor mixing ratio profiles derived from the Raman lidar measurements together with temperature profiles derived from a physical retrieval algorithm that uses data from a collocated Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI) and the Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite (GOES) (Feltz et al., 1998; Turner et al., 1999). These aerosol and water vapor profiles (Raman lidar) and temperature profiles (AERI+GOES) have been combined into a single product that takes advantage of both active and passive remote sensors to characterize the clear sky atmospheric state above the CART site.

FERRARE,R.A.

2000-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

113

Progress Report on Frequency - Modulated Differential Absorption Lidar  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Modeling done at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) in FY2000 predicted improved sensitivity for remote chemical detection by differential absorption lidar (DIAL) if frequency-modulated (FM) lasers were used. This improved sensitivity results from faster averaging away of speckle noise and the recently developed quantum cascade (QC) lasers offer the first practical method for implementing this approach in the molecular fingerprint region of the infrared. To validate this model prediction, a simple laboratory bench FM-DIAL system was designed, assembled, tested, and laboratory-scale experiments were carried out during FY2001. Preliminary results of the FM DIAL experiments confirm the speckle averaging advantages predicted by the models. In addition, experiments were performed to explore the use of hybrid QC - CO2 lasers for achieving sufficient frequency-modulated laser power to enable field experiments at longer ranges (up to one kilometer or so). This approach will allow model validation at realistic ranges much sooner than would be possible if one had to first develop master oscillator - power amplifier systems utilizing only QC devices. Amplification of a QC laser with a CO2 laser was observed in the first hybrid laser experiments, but the low gain and narrow linewidth of the CO2 laser available for these experiments prevented production of a high-power FM laser beam.

Cannon, Bret D.; Harper, Warren W.; Myers, Tanya L.; Taubman, Matthew S.; Williams, Richard M.; Schultz, John F.

2001-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

114

Sensing Hadley cell with space-borne lidar  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Some recent studies reported expansion of the Earth?s tropical regime in the past few decades. The poleward expansion of the Hadley cell is a strong indication of the warming of the globe. The extent of Hadley cell also has very important implications to the climate of dry subtropical regions because of the prevalence of precipitation in the deep tropical belt. Determination of the Hadley circulation especially its extent has great significance for monitoring global climate change and for the subtropical climate studies. Although many methods have been developed in recent years, reliable measurement of the extent of Hadley cell is still an issue in climate studies. This letter shows that the extent of the Hadley cell could reliably be estimated by measuring the height of the uppermost super-thin clouds in the troposphere with space-borne lidar. Through consecutive multi-year measurements of the height of the uppermost super-thin clouds, a good estimation of the expansion of the Hadley cell could be obtained.

Wenbo Sun; Bing Lin; Rosemary R. Baize; Gorden Videen; Yongxiang Hu

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

LiDAR At Twenty-Nine Palms Area (Sabin, Et Al., 2010) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Nine Palms Area (Sabin, Et Al., 2010) Nine Palms Area (Sabin, Et Al., 2010) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: LiDAR At Twenty-Nine Palms Geothermal Area (Sabin, Et Al., 2010) Exploration Activity Details Location Twenty-Nine Palms Geothermal Area Exploration Technique LiDAR Activity Date Usefulness useful DOE-funding Unknown Notes As previously mentioned, a deep slim hole is scheduled to be drilled in the Camp Wilson area of MCAGCC in June, 2010. The location of this hole is entirely driven by favorable structures as interpreted from LiDAR data and results of the Seabee TGH drilling program completed in early 2009. Details of the MCAGCC work are available in another section of this volume. References Andrew Sabin, S. Bjornstad, M. Lazaro, D. Meade, C. Page, S. Alm, A.

116

Structural Analysis of Southern Dixie Valley using LiDAR and Low-Sun-Angle  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Structural Analysis of Southern Dixie Valley using LiDAR and Low-Sun-Angle Structural Analysis of Southern Dixie Valley using LiDAR and Low-Sun-Angle Aerial Photography, NAS Fallon Geothermal Exploration Project, Dixie Valley, Nevada Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Journal Article: Structural Analysis of Southern Dixie Valley using LiDAR and Low-Sun-Angle Aerial Photography, NAS Fallon Geothermal Exploration Project, Dixie Valley, Nevada Abstract The goal of this study is to map and characterize Quaternary faults in southern Dixie Valley for the Department of the Navy Geothermal Program Office's NAS Fallon Geothermal Exploration Project. We will use this information to better characterize the regional structure and geothermal resource potential of the area,with a focus on determining the structural

117

A Comparison of Cirrus Cloud Visible Optical Depth Derived from Lidar  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Comparison of Cirrus Cloud Visible Optical Depth Derived from Lidar Comparison of Cirrus Cloud Visible Optical Depth Derived from Lidar Lo, Chaomei Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Comstock, Jennifer Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Flynn, Connor Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Category: Cloud Properties Optically thin clouds (e.g. optical depth < 3) can have a significant impact on radiative heating in the atmosphere, particularly in the cold upper troposphere. Currently, there is no value-added product (VAP) in the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) program archive that produces thin cloud optical depth, particularly at the Tropical Western Pacific and North Slope of Alaska sites. A VAP is under development to obtain the cirrus cloud visible optical depth from the MPLNOR (Micro Pulse Lidar Normalized

118

A Four-Year LidarSun Photometer Aerosol Study at So Paulo, Brazil  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A backscattering lidar system, the first of this kind in Brazil, has been used to provide the vertical profile of the aerosol backscatter coefficient at 532 nm up to an altitude of 46 km above sea level (ASL), in a suburban area in the city of ...

Eduardo Landulfo; Alexandros Papayannis; Ani Sobral Torres; Sandro Toshio Uehara; Lucila Maria Viola Pozzetti; Caio Alencar de Matos; Patricia Sawamura; Walter Morinobu Nakaema; Wellington de Jesus

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

A geometric framework for channel network extraction from lidar: Nonlinear diffusion and geodesic paths  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A geometric framework for channel network extraction from lidar: Nonlinear diffusion and geodesic extraction. Following this preprocessing, channels are defined as curves of minimal effort, or geodesics and geodesic paths, J. Geophys. Res., 115, F01002, doi:10.1029/2009JF001254. 1. Introduction [2] The detection

Foufoula-Georgiou, Efi

120

AUTOMATED MODELING OF 3D BUILDING ROOFS USING IMAGE AND LIDAR DATA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

AUTOMATED MODELING OF 3D BUILDING ROOFS USING IMAGE AND LIDAR DATA N. Demir* , E. Baltsavias, Detection, 3D Modelling ABSTRACT: In this work, an automated approach for 3D building roof modelling on the 3D building roof modelling. Buildings have a critical role for 3D city models, decision support

Schindler, Konrad

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "micropulse lidar mpl" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Measuring forest structure and biomass in New England forest stands using Echidna ground-based lidar  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Measuring forest structure and biomass in New England forest stands using Echidna ground Accepted 12 March 2010 Available online 14 May 2011 Keywords: Ground-based lidar Forest structure Biomass biomass with very good accuracy in six New England hardwood and conifer forest stands. Comparing forest

Ni-Meister, Wenge

122

Master thesis: "Validation of wake-simulation models based on long-range lidar measurements."  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Figure 1: Simulation of lidar measurements in the wake of a wind turbine using a LES generated wind field mapping and wake/vortex detection in several research projects and airport applications. At ForWind resolution wind data from the inflow and wake of two multi-megawatt wind energy converters. Possible

Peinke, Joachim

123

LIDAR measurements of wind turbine wake dyn_amics and comparison with an engineering model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LIDAR measurements of wind turbine wake dyn_amics and comparison with an engineering model 1 dynamics, lIre performed at four diameters behind a 95 kW wind turbine. The wake 111eaeasurement technique allows esti111ation of qUClsiinstantancou~ two dimensional wind fields in an area

124

USING LIDAR TO MEASURE PERFLUOROCARBON TRACERS FOR THE VERIFICATION AND MONITORING  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

USING LIDAR TO MEASURE PERFLUOROCARBON TRACERS FOR THE VERIFICATION AND MONITORING OF CAP AND COVER to detect PMCH (perfluoromethylcyclohexane, one of a group of PFTs used at BNL). Laboratory measurements then measured down to 1 ppb-m. These results are very promising and show great potential for monitoring

125

Fusion of 3D-LIDAR and camera data for scene parsing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Fusion of information gathered from multiple sources is essential to build a comprehensive situation picture for autonomous ground vehicles. In this paper, an approach which performs scene parsing and data fusion for a 3D-LIDAR scanner (Velodyne HDL-64E) ... Keywords: Camera, Fuzzy logic, MRF, Object detection, RGBD, Scene parsing, Temporal fusion, Velodyne scanner

Gangqiang Zhao; Xuhong Xiao; Junsong Yuan; Gee Wah Ng

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Biomass and Bioenergy 31 (2007) 646655 Estimating biomass of individual pine trees using airborne lidar  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Biomass and Bioenergy 31 (2007) 646­655 Estimating biomass of individual pine trees using airborne biomass and bio-energy feedstocks. The overall goal of this study was to develop a method for assessing aboveground biomass and component biomass for individual trees using airborne lidar data in forest settings

127

Using LIDAR in Highway Rock Cuts Norbert H. Maerz, Ph. D., P. Eng,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the data needed to begin the process of modeling the rock raveling process. INTRODUCTION LIDAR damage, injury, and even death. Highways impeded by even small spills of rock material by blasting techniques to facilitate the highway construction. A constant danger to the motoring public

Maerz, Norbert H.

128

LIDAR-BASED VEHICLE TRACKING FOR STOPPING DISTANCE MEASUREMENT AT INTERSECTIONS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

] are currently the most commonly used system to detect vehicle and measure velocities at a fixed site of a Light Detection and Ranging (LIDAR) sensor to accurately track a vehicle as it passes through to traffic laws. Driver warning systems can increase vehicle safety, especially near accident

Brennan, Sean

129

Linking imaging spectroscopy and LiDAR with floristic composition and forest structure in Panama  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Landsat and Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) imagery have recently been used to identify broad-scale floristic units in Neotropical rain forests, corresponding to geological formations and their edaphic properties. Little is known about the structural and functional variation between these floristic units, however, and Landsat and SRTM data lack the spectral and spatial resolution needed to provide this information. Imaging spectroscopy and LiDAR (Light Detection and Ranging) have been used to measure canopy structure and function in a variety of ecosystems, but the ability of these technologies to measure differences between compositionally-distinct but otherwise uniform tropical forest types remains unknown. We combined 16 tree inventories from central Panama with imaging spectroscopy and LiDAR elevation data from the Carnegie Airborne Observatory to test our ability to identify patterns in plant species composition, and to measure the spectral and structural differences between adjacent closed-canopy tropical forest types. We found that variations in spectroscopic imagery and LiDAR data were strong predictors of spatial turnover in plant species composition. We also found that these compositional, chemical, and structural patterns corresponded to underlying geological formations and their geomorphological properties. We conclude that imaging spectroscopy and LiDAR data can be used to interpret patterns identified in lower resolution sensors, to provide new information on forest function and structure, and to identify underlying determinants of these patterns.

Mark A. Higgins; Gregory P. Asner; Roberta E. Martin; David E. Knapp; Christopher Anderson; Ty Kennedy-Bowdoin; Roni Saenz; Antonio Aguilar; S. Joseph Wright

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Improved forecasts of extreme weather events by future space borne Doppler wind lidar  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

sensitive areas. To answer these questions simulation experiments with state-of-the-art numerical weather prediction (NWP) models have proved great value to test future meteorological observing systems a prioriImproved forecasts of extreme weather events by future space borne Doppler wind lidar Gert

Marseille, Gert-Jan

131

Master Thesis: Dual-Doppler technique applied to scanning lidars for the characterization of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and wind turbine wakes in large wind farms offshore. Wind Energy, 12(5):431­444, 2009. [2] Brian Hirth, D of single wind turbines for the validation or tuning of wake models [1]. Recent full-field campaigns showed-lidar system was developed and installed at the offshore wind farm "alpha ventus". This system includes three

Peinke, Joachim

132

Metal uorescence lidar (light detection and ranging) and the middle atmosphere  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

lidar takes advantage of the naturally occurring sodium atoms between 80 and 110 km above sea level (the though it is exposed to constant solar radiation. The hope of explaining a region strongly coupled as the `-pause' of the layer below them (see ®gure 1). Radiative absorption and emission are dominating eects

133

Lidars in Wind Energy Jakob Mann, Ferhat Bingl, Torben Mikkelsen, Ioannis Antoniou, Mike  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Lidars in Wind Energy Jakob Mann, Ferhat Bingöl, Torben Mikkelsen, Ioannis Antoniou, Mike Courtney, Gunner Larsen, Ebba Dellwik Juan Jose Trujillo* and Hans E. Jørgensen Wind Energy Department Risø of the presentation · Introduction to wind energy · Accurate profiles of the mean wind speed · Wakes behind turbines

134

Simultaneous radar and lidar cloud measurements at Geesthacht (53.5N, 10.5E)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Comparisons have been made of the cloud profiles obtained from the backscatter signals of a 95-GHz radar and a 720-nm lidar system between 23 May and 4 November 1997 at Geesthacht (5324? N, 1026? E). Although the wavelengths of the two systems differ by a factor of 4 000, remarkably similar data have been obtained in many cases. There are differences, though. Small droplets do not interact significantly with the radar pulses, and hence can only be seen by the lidar due to their strong scattering in the UV/VIS. On the other hand, attenuation of the lidar pulses by underlying clouds and gas absorbers makes upper cloud regions and especially cloud top heights better detectable for the radar. Rain and snow falling out of a cloud and evaporating on the way down cannot be distinguished from the cloud region by the radar, but a fast downward component in the Doppler spectrum is indicative of precipitation in or under a cloud. For quantitative cloud studies collocated radar-lidar systems considerably add to the experimental capabilities of each of the two systems alone.

C. Weitkamp; H. Flint; W. Lahmann; F.A. Theopold; O. Danne; M. Quante; E. Raschke

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Estimating forest structural characteristics with airborne lidar scanning and a near-real time profiling laser systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LiDAR (Light Detection and Ranging) directly measures canopy vertical structures, and provides an effective remote sensing solution to accurate and spatiallyexplicit mapping of forest characteristics, such as canopy height and Leaf Area Index...

Zhao, Kaiguang

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

136

Use of LiDAR to estimate stand characteristics for thinning operations in young Douglas-fir plantations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Light Detection and Ranging (LiDAR) has been successfully used to describe a wide range of forest metrics at local, regional and national scales. However, little research has used this technology in young Doug...

Michael S Watt; Andrew Meredith; Pete Watt

2013-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Method to determine and adjust the alignment of the transmitter and receiver fields of view of a LIDAR system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method to determine the alignment of the transmitter and receiver fields of view of a light detection and ranging (LIDAR) system. This method can be employed to determine the far-field intensity distribution of the transmitter beam, as well as the variations in transmitted laser beam pointing as a function of time, temperature, or other environmental variables that may affect the co-alignment of the LIDAR system components. In order to achieve proper alignment of the transmitter and receiver optical systems when a LIDAR system is being used in the field, this method employs a laser-beam-position-sensing detector as an integral part of the receiver optics of the LIDAR system.

Schmitt, Randal L. (Tijeras, NM); Henson, Tammy D. (Albuquerque, NM); Krumel, Leslie J. (Cedar Crest, NM); Hargis, Jr., Philip J. (Albuquerque, NM)

2006-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

138

Field Test Results of Using a Nacelle-Mounted Lidar for Improving Wind Energy Capture by Reducing Yaw Misalignment (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Presented at the Nordic Wind Power Conference on November 5, 2014. This presentation describes field-test campaigns performed at the National Wind Technology Center in which lidar technology was used to improve the yaw alignment of the Controls Advanced Research Turbine (CART) 2 and CART3 wind turbines. The campaigns demonstrated that whether by learning a correction function to the nacelle vane, or by controlling yaw directly with the lidar signal, a significant improvement in power capture was demonstrated.

Fleming, P.; Scholbrock, A.; Wright, A.

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

HiRes camera and LIDAR ranging system for the Clementine mission  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory developed a space-qualified High Resolution (HiRes) imaging LIDAR (Light Detection And Ranging) system for use on the DoD Clementine mission. The Clementine mission provided more than 1.7 million images of the moon, earth, and stars, including the first ever complete systematic surface mapping of the moon from the ultra-violet to near-infrared spectral regions. This article describes the Clementine HiRes/LIDAR system, discusses design goals and preliminary estimates of on-orbit performance, and summarizes lessons learned in building and using the sensor. The LIDAR receiver system consists of a High Resolution (HiRes) imaging channel which incorporates an intensified multi-spectral visible camera combined with a Laser ranging channel which uses an avalanche photo-diode for laser pulse detection and timing. The receiver was bore sighted to a light-weight McDonnell-Douglas diode-pumped ND:YAG laser transmitter that emmitted 1.06 {micro}m wavelength pulses of 200 mJ/pulse and 10 ns pulse-width, The LIDAR receiver uses a common F/9.5 Cassegrain telescope assembly. The optical path of the telescope is split using a color-separating beamsplitter. The imaging channel incorporates a filter wheel assembly which spectrally selects the light which is imaged onto a custom 12 mm gated image intensifier fiber-optically-coupled into a 384 x 276 pixel frame transfer CCD FPA. The image intensifier was spectrally sensitive over the 0.4 to 0.8 {micro}m wavelength region. The six-position filter wheel contained 4 narrow spectral filters, one broadband and one blocking filter. At periselene (400 km) the HiRes/LIDAR imaged a 2.8 km swath width at 20-meter resolution. The LIDAR function detected differential signal return with a 40-meter range accuracy, with a maximum range capability of 640 km, limited by the bit counter in the range return counting clock.

Ledebuhr, A.G.; Kordas, J.F.; Lewis, I.T. [and others

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

ARM - Field Campaign - NASA Coordinated Airborne CO2 Lidar Flight Test  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

govCampaignsNASA Coordinated Airborne CO2 Lidar Flight Test Campaign govCampaignsNASA Coordinated Airborne CO2 Lidar Flight Test Campaign Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign : NASA Coordinated Airborne CO2 Lidar Flight Test Campaign 2009.07.27 - 2009.08.07 Lead Scientist : Edward Browell For data sets, see below. Description This airborne field test campaign was designed to obtain a coordinated set of remote CO2 Laser Absorption Spectrometer (LAS) measurements using the NASA Langley/ITT 1.57-micron Continuous-Wave (CW) LAS operating from the NASA Langley UC-12 aircraft; the NASA Goddard 1.57-micron pulsed LAS operating from the NASA Glenn Lear-25 aircraft; and the NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory 2.0-micron CW-coherent LAS operating from a contracted Twin Otter aircraft. These remote LAS CO2 column measurements were compared with

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While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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141

Research Highlight  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Micropulse Lidar-Derived Aerosol Optical Depth Climatology at ARM Sites Micropulse Lidar-Derived Aerosol Optical Depth Climatology at ARM Sites Worldwide Download a printable PDF Submitter: Kafle, D. N., University of California, Riverside Coulter, R. L., Argonne National Laboratory Area of Research: Aerosol Properties Working Group(s): Aerosol Life Cycle Journal Reference: Kafle DN and RL Coulter. 2013. "Micropulse lidar-derived aerosol optical depth climatology at ARM sites worldwide." Journal of Geophysical Research - Atmospheres, 118(13), 10.1002/jgrd.50536. Vertical profiles of multi-year annually averaged AOD (z) at different ARM sites: SGP, NSA, TWP, GRW, and FKB. Inset plots are the profiles of corresponding relative standard deviation, Srel (z). The corresponding 1-sigma measurement errors are given in horizontal bars.

142

Towards quantifying mesoscale flows in the troposphere using Raman lidar and sondes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Water vapor plays an important role in the energetics of the boundary layer processes which in turn play a key role in regulating regional and global climate. It plays a primary role in Earth`s hydrological cycle, in radiation balance as a direct absorber of infrared radiation, and in atmospheric circulation as a latent heat energy source as well as in determining cloud development and atmospheric stability. Water vapor concentration, expressed as a mass mixing ratio, is conserved in all meteorological processes except condensation and evaporation. This property makes it an ideal choice for studying many of the atmosphere`s dynamic features. Raman scattering measurements from lidar also allow retrieval of water vapor mixing ratio profiles at high temporal and vertical resolution. Raman lidars sense water vapor to altitudes not achievable with towers and surface systems, sample the atmosphere at much higher temporal resolution than radiosondes or satellites, and do not require strong vertical gradients or turbulent fluctuations in temperature that is required by acoustic sounders and radars. Analysis of highly resolved water vapor profiles are used here to characterize two important mesoscale flows: thunderstorm outflows and a cold front passage.

Demoz, B.; Evans, K. [Univ. of Maryland Baltimore County, Baltimore, MD (United States); Starr, D. [NASA, Greenbelt, MD (United States). Goddard Space Flight Center] [and others

1998-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Modeling LIDAR Detection of Biological Aerosols to Determine Optimum Implementation Strategy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report summarizes work performed for a larger multi-laboratory project named the Background Interferent Measurement and Standards project. While originally tasked to develop algorithms to optimize biological warfare agent detection using UV fluorescence LIDAR, the current uncertainties in the reported fluorescence profiles and cross sections the development of any meaningful models. It was decided that a better approach would be to model the wavelength-dependent elastic backscattering from a number of ambient background aerosol types, and compare this with that generated from representative sporulated and vegetative bacterial systems. Calculations in this report show that a 266, 355, 532 and 1064 nm elastic backscatter LIDAR experiment will allow an operator to immediately recognize when sulfate, VOC-based or road dust (silicate) aerosols are approaching, independent of humidity changes. It will be more difficult to distinguish soot aerosols from biological aerosols, or vegetative bacteria from sporulated bacteria. In these latter cases, the elastic scattering data will most likely have to be combined with UV fluorescence data to enable a more robust categorization.

Sheen, David M.; Aker, Pam M.

2007-09-19T23:59:59.000Z

144

A comparison of cloud top heights computed from airborne lidar and MAS radiance data using CO2 slicing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A comparison of cloud top heights computed from airborne lidar and MAS radiance data using CO2 in assessing the accuracy of the CO2-slicing cloud height algorithm. Infrared measurements of upwelling which included various single- layer and multilayer cloud conditions. Overall, the CO2-slicing method

Sheridan, Jennifer

145

SIMULTANEOUS AND COMMON-VOLUME LIDAR OBSERVATIONS OF THE MESOSPHERIC FE AND NA LAYERS AT BOULDER (40N, 105W)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

inputs can reproduce some large-scale characteristics but are challenged in simulating small- scale the general structures more precisely as well as simulating the challenging small scale features. In Aug. The Fe Boltzmann temperature lidar was under upgrading and validating at Boulder before its deployment

Chu, Xinzhao

146

Modeling lidar waveforms with time-dependent stochastic radiative transfer theory for remote estimations of forest structure  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with field data from two conifer forest stands (southern old jack pine and southern old black spruce estimations of forest structure Svetlana Y. Kotchenova,1 Nikolay V. Shabanov,1 Yuri Knyazikhin,1 Anthony B (lidars) have demonstrated a potential for accurate remote sensing of forest biomass and structure

Goldberg, Bennett

147

Field Test Results from Lidar Measured Yaw Control for Improved Yaw Alignment with the NREL Controls Advanced Research Turbine: Preprint  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper describes field tests of a light detection and ranging (lidar) device placed forward looking on the nacelle of a wind turbine and used as a wind direction measurement to directly control the yaw position of a wind turbine. Conventionally, a wind turbine controls its yaw direction using a nacelle-mounted wind vane. If there is a bias in the measurement from the nacelle-mounted wind vane, a reduction in power production will be observed. This bias could be caused by a number of issues such as: poor calibration, electromagnetic interference, rotor wake, or other effects. With a lidar mounted on the nacelle, a measurement of the wind could be made upstream of the wind turbine where the wind is not being influenced by the rotor's wake or induction zone. Field tests were conducted with the lidar measured yaw system and the nacelle wind vane measured yaw system. Results show that a lidar can be used to effectively measure the yaw error of the wind turbine, and for this experiment, they also showed an improvement in power capture because of reduced yaw misalignment when compared to the nacelle wind vane measured yaw system.

Scholbrock, A.; Fleming, P.; Wright, A.; Slinger, C.; Medley, J.; Harris, M.

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

A Method for Estimating the Turbulent Kinetic Energy Dissipation Rate from a Vertically Pointing Doppler Lidar, and Independent Evaluation from Balloon-Borne In Situ Measurements  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A method of estimating dissipation rates from a vertically pointing Doppler lidar with high temporal and spatial resolution has been evaluated by comparison with independent measurements derived from a balloon-borne sonic anemometer. This method ...

Ewan J. OConnor; Anthony J. Illingworth; Ian M. Brooks; Christopher D. Westbrook; Robin J. Hogan; Fay Davies; Barbara J. Brooks

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Posters Scanning Raman Lidar Measurements of Atmospheric Water Vapor and Aerosols  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

5 5 Posters Scanning Raman Lidar Measurements of Atmospheric Water Vapor and Aerosols R. A. Ferrare and K. D. Evans (a) Hughes STX Corporation Lanham, Maryland S. H. Melfi and D. N. Whiteman NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Greenbelt, Maryland The principal objective of the Department of Energy's (DOE) Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program (ARM) is to develop a better understanding of the atmospheric radiative balance in order to improve the parameterization of radiative processes in general circulation models (GCMs) which are used to study climate change. Meeting this objective requires detailed measurements of both water vapor and aerosols since these atmospheric constituents affect the radiation balance directly, through scattering and absorption of solar and

150

DOE/SC-ARM/TR-120 Raman Lidar Profiles-Temperature  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

0 0 Raman Lidar Profiles-Temperature (RLPROFTEMP) Value-Added Product RK Newsom C Sivaraman SA McFarlane October 2012 DISCLAIMER This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by the U.S. Government. Neither the United States nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference herein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise, does not necessarily constitute or imply its endorsement, recommendation, or

151

Section 44  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

An Automated Cloud Mask Algorithm for the An Automated Cloud Mask Algorithm for the Micropulse Lidar G. G. Mace Department of Meteorology Pennsylvania State University University Park, Pennsylvania To perform cloud base analysis, an automated technique for sky signal using the standard lidar equation (Spinhirne determination of cloud base height from the raw lidar returns 1993) and midlatitude standard atmospheres. After is needed. Previously, a straightforward signal thresholding normalization, the observations form a swarm of points about algorithm was used to determine cloud base height. The unity with the scatter due to electronic noise, solar background difficulty with this approach is illustrated in Figure 1a. The and cloud and aerosol return. micropulse lidar operates at a wavelength of 523 nm, which is

152

A digital map of the high center (HC) and low center (LC) polygon boundaries delineated from high resolution LiDAR data for Barrow, Alaska  

DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

This dataset represent a map of the high center (HC) and low center (LC) polygon boundaries delineated from high resolution LiDAR data for the arctic coastal plain at Barrow, Alaska. The polygon troughs are considered as the surface expression of the ice-wedges. The troughs are in lower elevations than the interior polygon. The trough widths were initially identified from LiDAR data, and the boundary between two polygons assumed to be located along the lowest elevations on trough widths between them.

Gangodagamage, Chandana; Wullschleger, Stan

153

A digital map of the high center (HC) and low center (LC) polygon boundaries delineated from high resolution LiDAR data for Barrow, Alaska  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This dataset represent a map of the high center (HC) and low center (LC) polygon boundaries delineated from high resolution LiDAR data for the arctic coastal plain at Barrow, Alaska. The polygon troughs are considered as the surface expression of the ice-wedges. The troughs are in lower elevations than the interior polygon. The trough widths were initially identified from LiDAR data, and the boundary between two polygons assumed to be located along the lowest elevations on trough widths between them.

Gangodagamage, Chandana; Wullschleger, Stan

2014-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

154

Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc. (2003), 129, pp. 30793098 doi: 10.1256/qj. Simulation of Wind Profiles from a Space-borne Doppler Wind Lidar  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc. (2003), 129, pp. 3079­3098 doi: 10.1256/qj. Simulation of Wind Profiles on numerical weather prediction and climate processes. This paper describes the simulation of Aeolus LOS wind from a Space-borne Doppler Wind Lidar By G.J. MARSEILLE and A. STOFFELEN KNMI, The Netherlands

Stoffelen, Ad

155

Generated using version 3.0 of the official AMS LATEX template A remotely-operated lidar for aerosol, temperature, and water  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Generated using version 3.0 of the official AMS LATEX template A remotely-operated lidar for aerosol, temperature, and water vapor profiling in the High Arctic. G. J. Nott, T. J. Duck, J. G. Doyle, M. E. W. Coffin, C. Perro, C. P. Thackray, and J. R. Drummond Department of Physics and Atmospheric

Duck, Thomas J.

156

Proceedings of EARSeL-SIG-Workshop LIDAR, Dresden/FRG, June 16 17, 2000 EARSeL eProceedings No. 1 77  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

77 MARINE CODE FOR MODELLING RANGE RESOLVED OCEANOGRAPHIC LIDAR FLUOROSENSOR MEASUREMENTS R. Barbini1 environment. The laser radiation interaction processes of diffusion, re-emission, refraction and absorption in the frame of the Italian Research Pro- gram for Antarctica (PNRA), has been designed to remotely detect

Oldenburg, Carl von Ossietzky Universität

157

Cloud fraction, liquid and ice water contents derived from long-term radar, lidar, and microwave radiometer data are systematically compared to models to quantify and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cloud fraction, liquid and ice water contents derived from long-term radar, lidar, and microwave a systematic evaluation of clouds in forecast models. Clouds and their associated microphysical processes for end users of weather forecasts, who may be interested not only in cloud cover, but in other variables

Hogan, Robin

158

Evaluation of Cloud-Phase Retrieval Methods for SEVIRI on Meteosat-8 Using Ground-Based Lidar and Cloud Radar Data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Evaluation of Cloud-Phase Retrieval Methods for SEVIRI on Meteosat-8 Using Ground-Based Lidar and Cloud Radar Data ERWIN L. A. WOLTERS, ROBERT A. ROEBELING, AND ARNOUT J. FEIJT Royal Netherlands 2007) ABSTRACT Three cloud-phase determination algorithms from passive satellite imagers are explored

Stoffelen, Ad

159

A Critical Review of the Database Acquired for the Long-Term Surveillance of the Middle Atmosphere by the French Rayleigh Lidars  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The database obtained by Rayleigh lidars over the south of France is now used for monitoring the middle-atmosphere structure and to validate satellite data. For these reasons it is crucial to ensure the quality of the data. The purpose of this ...

P. Keckhut; A. Hauchecorne; M. L. Chanin

1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

A comparison of automated land cover/use classification methods for a Texas bottomland hardwood system using lidar, spot-5, and ancillary data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

decisions affecting these disappearing systems. SPOT-5 imagery from 2005 was combined with Light Detection and Ranging (LiDAR) data from 2006 and several ancillary datasets to map a portion of the bottomland hardwood system found in the Sulphur River Basin...

Vernon, Zachary Isaac

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "micropulse lidar mpl" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Features of point clouds synthesized from multi-view ALOS/PRISM data and comparisons with LiDAR data in forested areas  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract LiDAR waveform data from airborne LiDAR scanners (ALS) e.g. the Land Vegetation and Ice Sensor (LVIS) have been successfully used for estimation of forest height and biomass at local scales and have become the preferred remote sensing dataset. However, regional and global applications are limited by the cost of the airborne LiDAR data acquisition and there are no available spaceborne LiDAR systems. Some researchers have demonstrated the potential for mapping forest height using aerial or spaceborne stereo imagery with very high spatial resolutions. For stereo images with global coverage but coarse resolution new analysis methods need to be used. Unlike most research based on digital surface models, this study concentrated on analyzing the features of point cloud data generated from stereo imagery. The synthesizing of point cloud data from multi-view stereo imagery increased the point density of the data. The point cloud data over forested areas were analyzed and compared to small footprint LiDAR data and large-footprint LiDAR waveform data. The results showed that the synthesized point cloud data from ALOS/PRISM triplets produce vertical distributions similar to LiDAR data and detected the vertical structure of sparse and non-closed forests at 30m resolution. For dense forest canopies, the canopy could be captured but the ground surface could not be seen, so surface elevations from other sources would be needed to calculate the height of the canopy. A canopy height map with 30mpixels was produced by subtracting national elevation dataset (NED) from the averaged elevation of synthesized point clouds, which exhibited spatial features of roads, forest edges and patches. The linear regression showed that the canopy height map had a good correlation with RH50 of LVIS data with a slope of 1.04 and R2 of 0.74 indicating that the canopy height derived from PRISM triplets can be used to estimate forest biomass at 30m resolution.

Wenjian Ni; Kenneth Jon Ranson; Zhiyu Zhang; Guoqing Sun

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

LIDAR Wind Speed Measurement Analysis and Feed-Forward Blade Pitch Control for Load Mitigation in Wind Turbines: January 2010--January 2011  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report examines the accuracy of measurements that rely on Doppler LIDAR systems to determine their applicability to wind turbine feed-forward control systems and discusses feed-forward control system designs that use preview wind measurements. Light Detection and Ranging (LIDAR) systems are able to measure the speed of incoming wind before it interacts with a wind turbine rotor. These preview wind measurements can be used in feed-forward control systems designed to reduce turbine loads. However, the degree to which such preview-based control techniques can reduce loads by reacting to turbulence depends on how accurately the incoming wind field can be measured. The first half of this report examines the accuracy of different measurement scenarios that rely on coherent continuous-wave or pulsed Doppler LIDAR systems to determine their applicability to feed-forward control. In particular, the impacts of measurement range and angular offset from the wind direction are studied for various wind conditions. A realistic case involving a scanning LIDAR unit mounted in the spinner of a wind turbine is studied in depth with emphasis on choices for scan radius and preview distance. The effects of turbulence parameters on measurement accuracy are studied as well. Continuous-wave and pulsed LIDAR models based on typical commercially available units were used in the studies present in this report. The second half of this report discusses feed-forward control system designs that use preview wind measurements. Combined feedback/feed-forward blade pitch control is compared to industry standard feedback control when simulated in realistic turbulent above-rated winds. The feed-forward controllers are designed to reduce fatigue loads, increasing turbine lifetime and therefore reducing the cost of energy. Three feed-forward designs are studied: non-causal series expansion, Preview Control, and optimized FIR filter. The input to the feed-forward controller is a measurement of incoming wind speeds that could be provided by LIDAR. Non-causal series expansion and Preview Control methods reduce blade root loads but increase tower bending in simulation results. The optimized FIR filter reduces loads overall, keeps pitch rates low, and maintains rotor speed regulation and power capture, while using imperfect wind measurements provided by the spinning continuous-wave LIDAR model.

Dunne, F.; Simley, E.; Pao, L.Y.

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

DOE/SC-ARM/TR-100 Raman Lidar Profiles Best Estimate Value-Added Product Technical Report  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

0 0 Raman Lidar Profiles Best Estimate Value-Added Product Technical Report R Newsom January 2012 DISCLAIMER This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by the U.S. Government. Neither the United States nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference herein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise, does not necessarily constitute or imply its endorsement, recommendation, or favoring by the U.S. Government or any agency thereof. The views and

164

Development and Deployment of a Compact Eye-safe Scanning Differential Absorption Lidar (DIAL) for Spatial Mapping of Carbon Dioxide for MVA at Geologic Carbon Sequestration Sites  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Deployment of a Deployment of a Compact Eye-safe Scanning Differential Absorption Lidar (DIAL) for Spatial Mapping of Carbon Dioxide for MVA at Geologic Carbon Sequestration Sites Description Through its core research and development program administered by the National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL), the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) emphasizes monitoring, verification, and accounting (MVA), as well as computer simulation, of possible carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) leakage at CO 2

165

Section 74  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Comparisons of the Micropulse Lidar and the Belfort Comparisons of the Micropulse Lidar and the Belfort Laser Ceilometer at the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Southern Great Plains Cloud and Radiation Testbed Site D.D. Turner Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Richland, Washington Introduction The general goal of the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program is to improve general circulation and related models of the atmosphere for global and regional prediction (DOE 1990). In order to achieve this goal, the ARM Program is collecting a prodigious volume of data at its first Cloud and The time period selected to do the comparisons between the Radiation Testbed (CART) in the Southern Great Plains of the instruments was April 4, 1994, through May 8, 1994. In this United States. Some quantities, such as cloud base height, can

166

All Sky Camera, LIDAR and Electric Field Meter: auxiliary instruments for the ASTRI SST-2M prototype  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ASTRI SST-2M is the end-to-end prototype telescope of the Italian National Institute of Astro- physics, INAF, designed to investigate the 10-100 TeV band in the framework of the Cherenkov Telescope Array, CTA. The ASTRI SST-2M telescope has been installed in Italy in September 2014, at the INAF ob- serving station located at Serra La Nave on Mount Etna. The telescope is foreseen to be completed and fully operative in spring 2015 including auxiliary instrumentation needed to support both operations and data anal- ysis. In this contribution we present the current status of a sub-set of the auxiliary instruments that are being used at the Serra La Nave site, namely an All Sky Camera, an Electric Field Meter and a Raman Lidar devoted, together with further instrumentation, to the monitoring of the atmospheric and environmental conditions. The data analysis techniques under development for these instruments could be applied at the CTA sites, where similar auxiliary instrumentation will be installed.

Leto, Giuseppe; Bellassai, Giancarlo; Bruno, Pietro; Maccarone, Maria Concetta; Martinetti, Eugenio

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Low-noise detector and amplifier design for 100 ns direct detection CO{sub 2} LIDAR receiver  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The development and test results of a prototype detector/amplifier design for a background limited, pulsed 100 ns, 10--100 kHz repetition rate LIDAR/DIAL receiver system are presented. Design objectives include near-matched filter detection of received pulse amplitude and round trip time-of-flight, and the elimination of excess correlated detector/amplifier noise for optimal pulse averaging. A novel pole-zero cancellation amplifier, coupled with a state-of-the-art SBRC (Santa Barbara Research Center) infrared detector was implemented to meet design objectives. The pole-zero cancellation amplifier utilizes a tunable, pseudo-matched filter technique to match the width of the laser pulse to the shaping time of the filter for optimal SNR performance. Low frequency correlated noise, (l/f and drift noise) is rejected through a second order high gain feedback loop. The amplifier also employs an active detector bias stage minimizing detector drift. Experimental results will be provided that demonstrate near-background limited, 100 ns pulse detection performance given a 8.5--11.5 {micro}m (300 K B.B.) radiant background, with the total noise floor spectrally white for optimal pulse averaging efficiency.

Cafferty, M.M.; Cooke, B.J.; Laubscher, B.E.; Olivas, N.L.; Fuller, K.

1997-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Microsoft Word - ARM Value-Added Product_tech_rpt_v2.doc  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

77 77 An Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Value-Added Product to Retrieve Optically Thin Cloud Visible Optical Depth using Micropulse Lidar October 2006 Chaomei Lo Jennifer M. Comstock Connor Flynn Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Richland, Washington Work supported by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Research, Office of Biological and Environmental Research C Lo, JM Comstock, C Flynn, October 2006, ARM TR-077 iii Contents 1 Introduction .......................................................................................................................................... 1 2 Input Data.............................................................................................................................................

169

X:\ARM_19~1\P283-315.WPD  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

r) r) CE(r)J[ m (r) p (r) c (r)]T 2 (r)/r 2 n b n b µs µs Session Papers 297 (1) Cirrus and Aerosol Lidar Profilometer - Analysis and Results J. D. Spinhirne and V. S. Scott NASA Goddard Space Flight Center Greenbelt, Maryland J. A. Reagan and A. Galbraith Department. of Electrical Engineering University of Arizona Tucson, Arizona Introduction A cloud and aerosol lidar data set from over a year of near continuous operation of a micro pulse lidar (MPL) instrument at the Cloud and Radiation Testbed (CART) site has been established. MPL instruments are to be included in the Ames Research Center (ARC) instrument compliments for the SW Pacific and Arctic ARM sites. Operational processing algorithms are in development for the data sets. The derived products are to be cloud presence and classification, base height, cirrus thickness,

170

Simultaneous observations of Pc 1 micropulsation activity and stratospheric electrodynamic perturbations on 27 January 2003  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The 2nd Polar Patrol Balloon campaign (2nd-PPB) was carried out at Syowa Station in Antarctica during 20022003. Identical stratospheric balloon payloads were launched as close together in time as allowed by weather conditions to constitute a cluster of balloons during their flights. A very pronounced negative ion conductivity enhancement was observed at 32km in the stratosphere below the auroral zone on 27 January 2003 from 1500 to 2200 UT. During this event, the conductivity doubled for an interval of about 7h. This perturbation was associated with an extensive Pc 1 or Pi 1 wave event that was observed by several Antarctic ground stations, balloon PPB 10, and the Polar spacecraft. No appreciable X-ray precipitation was observed in association with this event, which would point to >60Mev proton precipitation as a possible magnetospherestratosphere coupling mechanism responsible for the conductivity enhancement. Such precipitation is consistent with the wave data. During the latter half of the event, Ez was briefly positive. There was a tropospheric Southern Ocean storm system underneath the balloon during this interval. If the event was associated with this storm system and not energetic proton precipitation, the observations imply an electrified Southern Ocean storm and major perturbations in stratospheric conductivity driven by a tropospheric disturbance. This event represents a poorly understood source for global circuit current. Precipitating energetic proton data from Akebono and NOAA POES spacecraft show significant >16MeV precipitation was occurring at the location of PPB 8 but not PPB 10, suggesting that proton precipitation was, in fact, the responsible coupling mechanism.

E. Bering; M. Engebretson; R. Holzworth; A. Kadokura; M. Kokorowski; B. Reddell; J. Posch; H. Yamagishi

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Detection of internally mixed Asian dust with air pollution aerosols using a polarization optical particle counter and a polarization-sensitive two-wavelength lidar  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract East Asia is a unique region where mineral dust (Asian dust) sources are located near urban and industrial areas. Asian dust is often mixed with air pollution aerosols during transportation. It is important to understand the mixing states of Asian dust and other aerosols, because the effects on the environment and human health differ depending on the mixing state. We studied the mixing states of Asian dust using a polarization particle counter (POPC) that measures the forward scattering and the two polarization components of backscattering for single particles and a polarization-sensitive (532nm) two-wavelength (1064nm and 532nm) lidar. We conducted the simultaneous observations using the POPC and the lidar in Seoul from March to December 2013 and captured the characteristics of pure Asian dust and internally mixed polluted Asian dust. POPC measurements indicated that the density of large particles was lower in polluted Asian dust that transported slowly over the polluted areas than in pure Asian dust that transported quickly from the dust source region. Moreover, the backscattering depolarization ratio was smaller for all particle sizes in polluted dust. The optical characteristics measured using the lidar were consistent with the POPC measurements. The backscattering color ratio of polluted dust was comparable to that of pure dust, but the depolarization ratio was lower for polluted dust. In addition, coarse non-spherical particles (Asian dust) almost always existed in the background, and the depolarization ratio had seasonal variation with a lower depolarization ratio in the summer. These results suggest background Asian dust particles are internally mixed in the summer.

Nobuo Sugimoto; Tomoaki Nishizawa; Atsushi Shimizu; Ichiro Matsui; Hiroshi Kobayashi

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

Wildfire hazard in the home ignition zone: An object-oriented analysis integrating LiDAR and VHR satellite imagery  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Many spatially explicit studies of wildfire hazard focus on the wildlandurban interface (WUI), the area where natural vegetation intersects or mixes with structures. However, research suggests that the characteristics of a small portion of the WUI, the home ignition zone, largely determine potential for ignition from wildfire. The home ignition zone (HIZ) is the area that includes a structure and its surroundings out to 3060m. The primary goal of this study is to develop metrics to characterize land cover, burned area, and topography in the HIZ. Pre-fire metrics (i.e. related to land cover and topography) help identify relatively hazardous individual \\{HIZes\\} or neighborhoods of HIZes. Post-fire metrics can be used to assess the burned area across land cover types, inside and outside the HIZ. To calculate the HIZ metrics, multiple data sources (e.g. high resolution 8-band multispectral imagery and LiDAR point clouds) were integrated using an object-oriented image analysis. The setting for the study is the Fourmile Canyon area west of Boulder, Colorado, a data-rich area which experienced a large, destructive wildfire in September 2010. The land cover, burn area, and topography metrics were successfully and accurately calculated and then pre-fire metrics were combined into a simple HIZ hazard index. HIZ characteristics broadly mirror the characteristics of the WUI within the fire perimeter as a whole, though the HIZ on average contains more bare and less forest land, has more widely spaced canopies, and experienced less burning during the fire. The HIZ hazard index values were spatially heterogeneous, but with several distinct high and low hazard clusters. The methods described in this study, paired with in situ data collection, can be applied to other areas to inform hazard mitigation plans.

Rutherford V. Platt

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Proton Decay at $M_{pl}$ and the Scale of SUSY-Breaking  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

It is sometimes argued that a virtue of pushing the supersymmetry breaking scale above 1 PeV is that no particular flavor structure is required in the soft sector in order to evade bounds on flavor-changing neutral currents. However, without flavor structure, suppressing generic Planck-suppressed contributions to proton decay requires even higher SUSY scales, of order $10^{11}$ ($10^9$) GeV for degenerate (mini-split) gauginos and scalars. With flavor structure, the question of whether proton decay or flavor symmetries are more constraining is model-dependent, but it straightforward to find simple models where both constraints are satisfied for much lower SUSY scales.

Michael Dine; Patrick Draper; William Shepherd

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Raman Lidar Receives Improvements  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

central facility is receiving upgrades to its environmental controls. This ground-based remote sensing instrument uses a laser to measure vertical profiles of water vapor mixing...

175

Combination of Lidar Elevations, Bathymetric Data, and Urban Infrastructure in a Sub-Grid Model for Predicting Inundation in New York City during Hurricane Sandy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present the geospatial methods in conjunction with results of a newly developed storm surge and sub-grid inundation model which was applied in New York City during Hurricane Sandy in 2012. Sub-grid modeling takes a novel approach for partial wetting and drying within grid cells, eschewing the conventional hydrodynamic modeling method by nesting a sub-grid containing high-resolution lidar topography and fine scale bathymetry within each computational grid cell. In doing so, the sub-grid modeling method is heavily dependent on building and street configuration provided by the DEM. The results of spatial comparisons between the sub-grid model and FEMA's maximum inundation extents in New York City yielded an unparalleled absolute mean distance difference of 38m and an average of 75% areal spatial match. An in-depth error analysis reveals that the modeled extent contour is well correlated with the FEMA extent contour in most areas, except in several distinct areas where differences in special features cause sig...

Loftis, Jon Derek; Hamilton, Stuart E; Forrest, David R

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Thin and thick cloud top height retrieval algorithm with the Infrared Camera and LIDAR of the JEM-EUSO Space Mission  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The origin of cosmic rays have remained a mistery for more than a century. JEM-EUSO is a pioneer space-based telescope that will be located at the International Space Station (ISS) and its aim is to detect Ultra High Energy Cosmic Rays (UHECR) and Extremely High Energy Cosmic Rays (EHECR) by observing the atmosphere. Unlike ground-based telescopes, JEM-EUSO will observe from upwards, and therefore, for a properly UHECR reconstruction under cloudy conditions, a key element of JEM-EUSO is an Atmospheric Monitoring System (AMS). This AMS consists of a space qualified bi-spectral Infrared Camera, that will provide the cloud coverage and cloud top height in the JEM-EUSO Field of View (FoV) and a LIDAR, that will measure the atmospheric optical depth in the direction it has been shot. In this paper we will explain the effects of clouds for the determination of the UHECR arrival direction. Moreover, since the cloud top height retrieval is crucial to analyze the UHECR and EHECR events under cloudy conditions, the ret...

Sez-Cano, G; del Peral, L; Neronov, A; Wada, S; Fras, M D Rodrguez

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Microtopographic characterization of ice-wedge polygon landscape in Barrow, Alaska: a digital map of troughs, rims, centers derived from high resolution (0.25 m) LiDAR data  

DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

The dataset represents microtopographic characterization of the ice-wedge polygon landscape in Barrow, Alaska. Three microtopographic features are delineated using 0.25 m high resolution digital elevation dataset derived from LiDAR. The troughs, rims, and centers are the three categories in this classification scheme. The polygon troughs are the surface expression of the ice-wedges that are in lower elevations than the interior polygon. The elevated shoulders of the polygon interior immediately adjacent to the polygon troughs are the polygon rims for the low center polygons. In case of high center polygons, these features are the topographic highs. In this classification scheme, both topographic highs and rims are considered as polygon rims. The next version of the dataset will include more refined classification scheme including separate classes for rims ad topographic highs. The interior part of the polygon just adjacent to the polygon rims are the polygon centers.

Gangodagamage, Chandana; Wullschleger, Stan

178

Microtopographic characterization of ice-wedge polygon landscape in Barrow, Alaska: a digital map of troughs, rims, centers derived from high resolution (0.25 m) LiDAR data  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The dataset represents microtopographic characterization of the ice-wedge polygon landscape in Barrow, Alaska. Three microtopographic features are delineated using 0.25 m high resolution digital elevation dataset derived from LiDAR. The troughs, rims, and centers are the three categories in this classification scheme. The polygon troughs are the surface expression of the ice-wedges that are in lower elevations than the interior polygon. The elevated shoulders of the polygon interior immediately adjacent to the polygon troughs are the polygon rims for the low center polygons. In case of high center polygons, these features are the topographic highs. In this classification scheme, both topographic highs and rims are considered as polygon rims. The next version of the dataset will include more refined classification scheme including separate classes for rims ad topographic highs. The interior part of the polygon just adjacent to the polygon rims are the polygon centers.

Gangodagamage, Chandana; Wullschleger, Stan

2014-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

179

Development and Deployment of a Compact Eye-Safe Scanning Differential absorption Lidar (DIAL) for Spatial Mapping of Carbon Dioxide for Monitoring/Verification/Accounting at Geologic Sequestration Sites  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A scanning differential absorption lidar (DIAL) instrument for monitoring carbon dioxide has been developed. The laser transmitter uses two tunable discrete mode laser diodes (DMLD) operating in the continuous wave (cw) mode with one locked to the online absorption wavelength and the other operating at the offline wavelength. Two in-line fiber optic switches are used to switch between online and offline operation. After the fiber optic switch, an acousto- optic modulator (AOM) is used to generate a pulse train used to injection seed an erbium doped fiber amplifier (EDFA) to produce eye-safe laser pulses with maximum pulse energies of 66 {micro}J, a pulse repetition frequency of 15 kHz, and an operating wavelength of 1.571 {micro}m. The DIAL receiver uses a 28 cm diameter Schmidt-Cassegrain telescope to collect that backscattered light, which is then monitored using a photo-multiplier tube (PMT) module operating in the photon counting mode. The DIAL instrument has been operated from a laboratory environment on the campus of Montana State University, at the Zero Emission Research Technology (ZERT) field site located in the agricultural research area on the western end of the Montana State University campus, and at the Big Sky Carbon Sequestration Partnership site located in north-central Montana. DIAL data has been collected and profiles have been validated using a co-located Licor LI-820 Gas Analyzer point sensor.

Repasky, Kevin

2014-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

180

An Assessment of MultiAngle Imaging SpectroRadiometer (MISR) Stereo-Derived Cloud Top Heights and cloud top winds using ground-based radar, lidar, and microwave radiometers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Clouds are of tremendous importance to climate because of their direct radiative effects and because of their role in atmospheric dynamics and the hydrological cycle. The value of satellite imagery in monitoring cloud properties on a global basis can hardly be understated. One cloud property that satellites are in an advantageous position to monitor is cloud top height. Cloud top height retrievals are especially important for MISR because the derived height field is used to co-register the measured radiances. In this presentation we show the results of an ongoing comparison between ground-based millimeter-wave cloud radar and lidar measurements of cloud top and MISR stereo-derived cloud top height. This comparison is based on data from three radar systems located in the U.S Southern Great Plains (Lamont, Oklahoma), the Tropical Western Pacific (Nauru Island) and the North Slope of Alaska (Barrow, Alaska). These radars are operated as part of the U.S. Department of Energy Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) program. The MISR stereo height algorithm is performing largely as expected for most optically thick clouds. As with many satellite retrievals, the stereo-height retrieval has difficulty with optically thin clouds or ice clouds with little optical contrast near cloud top.

Marchand, Roger T.; Ackerman, Thomas P.; Moroney, C.

2007-03-17T23:59:59.000Z

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181

Section 36  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

7 7 Cloud and Aerosol Height Distribution Retrieval and Analysis Employing Continuous Operation Lidar Data J. D. Spinhirne, D. L. Hlavka and V. S. Scott NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Greenbelt, Maryland A. E. Galbraith and J. A. Reagan University of Arizona Tucson, Arizona Introduction Instrument New technology now permits ground-based lidar to operate The basis of the MPL design is the use of lasers with high full time and profile all significant aerosol and cloud structure pulse repetition frequencies (PRF) and low pulse energies. of the atmosphere up to the limit of signal attenuation. Such When highly efficient optics, filters, and detectors are used, it systems are in operation at U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) is possible to obtain profiling of all significant cloud and aero-

182

PowerPoint プレゼンテーション  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

11 11 OPTICAL PROPERTIES OF ARCTIC AEROSOL IN SPRING BASED ON SKY-RADIOMETER AND MICRO-PULSE LIDAR MEASUREMENTS AT NY-ALESUND, SVALBARD M. Shiobara 1) , M. Yamano 2) , K. Aoki 3) , H. Kobayashi 4) , M. Yabuki 1) , J.R. Campbell 5) , and E.J. Welton 6) 1) National Institute of Polar Research, Kaga 1-9-10, Itabashi-ku, Tokyo 173-8515, Japan 2) Energy Sharing Co., Toride, Japan, 3) University of Toyama, Toyama, Japan, 4) University of Yamanashi, Kofu, Japan 5) Science Systems and Applications, Inc., Lanham, MD, 6) NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD contact: shio@nipr.ac.jp (M. Shiobara) Introduction National Institute of Polar Research (NIPR) promotes atmospheric research in both polar regions. Atmospheric research by NIPR includes ground-based remote-sensing of aerosol and clouds

183

1  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Cirrus Radiative Properties in the Tropical Western Pacific Cirrus Radiative Properties in the Tropical Western Pacific J. M. Comstock and T. P. Ackerman Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Richland, Washington G. G. Mace University of Utah Salt Lake City, Utah Introduction Cirrus clouds in tropical regions are often located high in the cold upper troposphere and have low optical depths. In addition, tropical cirrus often extend in large sheets up to 1000 km horizontally, which may have a large influence on the energy budget of the atmosphere. Characterizing the location and radiative properties of cirrus clouds is an important step in understanding the processes that generate and maintain these cold, thin cirrus clouds and their impact on upper tropospheric dynamics. In this paper, we present cirrus radiative properties derived using a combination of Micropulse Lidar

184

Research Highlights Sorted by Working Group  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Working Group Working Group Aerosol Life Cycle | Cloud Life Cycle | Cloud-Aerosol-Precipitation Interactions | Aerosol | Cloud Modeling | Cloud Properties | Radiative Processes Aerosol Life Cycle 2013 Bhattacharya, A. Wildfires Lead to More Warming Than Climate Models Predict, a New Mexico Fire Study Reports ASR Fast, J. . Development and Validation of a Black Carbon Mixing State Resolved Three-Dimensional Model ARM ASR Gilles, M., Moffet, R. Spectro-microscopic Measurements of Carbonaceous Aerosol Aging in Central California ARM ASR Kafle, D. N., Coulter, R. L. Micropulse Lidar-Derived Aerosol Optical Depth Climatology at ARM Sites Worldwide ARM Keppel-Aleks, G. Determining the Future of CO2 Using an Earth System Model ARM Li, Z. A Mixed Bag of Aerosols over Northeastern China ARM

185

Understanding the AIRS, ARM, and MODIS cloud products by cross-comparison  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Understanding the AIRS, ARM, and MODIS cloud products by cross-comparison Understanding the AIRS, ARM, and MODIS cloud products by cross-comparison Kahn, Brian Jet Propulsion Laboratory Eldering, Annmarie Jet Propulsion Laboratory Category: Cloud Properties We present comparisons of the Atmospheric Infrared Sounder (AIRS) operational cloud top height (CTH) to the active surface-based measurements of the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) program sites in the tropical Western Pacific. The agreement is found to be consistent to other comparisons of passive IR-derived CTH from other measurement platforms despite the nominal footprint size of 45 km at nadir view. Independent comparisons of CTH to the millimeter-wave cloud radar at Manus Island and the micropulse lidar at Nauru Island indicate that the CTH retrieved by AIRS is statistically significant at the 5% level or less for cirrus cases

186

ARM - Facility News Article  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

October 11, 2011 [Facility News] October 11, 2011 [Facility News] Final Recovery Act Milestone Complete! Bookmark and Share To support all the new instruments from the Recovery Act, infrastructure upgrades ranging from power and platforms to communications and data systems required a focused team effort. To support all the new instruments from the Recovery Act, infrastructure upgrades ranging from power and platforms to communications and data systems required a focused team effort. For the past year and a half, ARM scientists, engineers, operations, and data systems staff have been working tirelessly to support the installation and operation of nearly 150 new and upgraded instruments throughout the user facility. In September, ARM received its final three instruments - a radar wind profiler; a micropulse lidar for the Darwin, Australia site; and

187

ARM - Journal Articles 2013  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

govPublicationsJournal Articles 2013 govPublicationsJournal Articles 2013 Publications Journal Articles Conference Documents Program Documents Technical Reports Publications Database Public Information Materials Image Library Videos Publication Resources Submit a Publication Publishing Procedures ARM Style Guide (PDF, 448KB) Acronyms Glossary Logos Contacts RSS for Publications Journal Search [ Advanced Search ] Publication Years 2013 149 2012 163 2011 185 2010 197 2009 213 2008 174 2007 150 2006 213 2005 139 2004 141 2003 187 2002 205 2001 207 2000 232 1999 136 1998 172 1997 103 1996 84 1995 124 1994 65 1993 51 1992 47 1991 25 1990 12 1986 1 Journal Articles : 2013 Author Article Title Journal Funded By Kafle Micropulse lidar-derived aerosol optical depth climatology at ARM sites worldwide (Citation) Journal of Geophysical Research - Atmospheres ARM

188

ARM - Publications: Science Team Meeting Documents  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Sizes, Fractional Coverage, and Radar Doppler Moments Profiles of Sizes, Fractional Coverage, and Radar Doppler Moments Profiles of Fair-Weather Cumulus Clouds at the TWP ARM Site Kollias, P., Albrecht B.A., and Dow B.J., University of Miami Eleventh Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Science Team Meeting Fair-weather cumuli are fundamental in regulating the vertical structure of water vapor and entropy in the lowest 2 km of the Earth's atmosphere over vast areas of the oceans. Using data from the mm-wavelength cloud radar, the micro-pulse lidar and ceilometer at the Nauru (TWP-ARM) site, a statistical description of the field of fair weather cumulus is inferred. Frequency diagrams of cloud thickness, fractional coverage, updraft-downdraft magnitudes and cloud reflectivity are calculated. The relationship of the statistical behavior of the cumulus field to the

189

ARM - Journal Articles 2013 - 2014  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

govPublicationsJournal Articles 2013 - 2014 govPublicationsJournal Articles 2013 - 2014 Publications Journal Articles Conference Documents Program Documents Technical Reports Publications Database Public Information Materials Image Library Videos Publication Resources Submit a Publication Publishing Procedures ARM Style Guide (PDF, 448KB) Acronyms Glossary Logos Contacts RSS for Publications Journal Search [ Advanced Search ] Publication Years 2013 149 2012 163 2011 185 2010 197 2009 213 2008 174 2007 150 2006 213 2005 139 2004 141 2003 187 2002 205 2001 207 2000 232 1999 136 1998 172 1997 103 1996 84 1995 124 1994 65 1993 51 1992 47 1991 25 1990 12 1986 1 Journal Articles : 2013 - 2014 Author Article Title Journal Funded By Kafle Micropulse lidar-derived aerosol optical depth climatology at ARM sites worldwide (Citation) Journal of Geophysical Research - Atmospheres ARM

190

Sandia Multispectral Airborne Lidar for UAV Deployment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Sandia National Laboratories has initiated the development of an airborne system for W laser remote sensing measurements. System applications include the detection of effluents associated with the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction and the detection of biological weapon aerosols. This paper discusses the status of the conceptual design development and plans for both the airborne payload (pointing and tracking, laser transmitter, and telescope receiver) and the Altus unmanned aerospace vehicle platform. Hardware design constraints necessary to maintain system weight, power, and volume limitations of the flight platform are identified.

Daniels, J.W.; Hargis,Jr. P.J.; Henson, T.D.; Jordan, J.D.; Lang, A.R.; Schmitt, R.L.

1998-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

191

Simplified Homodyne Detection for FM Chirped Lidar  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is small compared to the phase fluctuations caused by wind and temperature flux. Doppler Shift and Resolution Another effect on wave propagation is the phenomenon of Doppler shift. The Doppler shift of a return signal is proportional to the target.............................................................................................15 Propagation Loss and Photon Limited Range................................................15 Atmospheric Loss and Distortion....................................................................18 Doppler Shift and Resolution...

Adany, Peter

2007-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

192

10/09/2006 11:36 AMHoustonChronicle.com -Scientists Build Better Navigation Aids Page 1 of 2http://www.chron.com/cs/CDA/printstory.mpl/ap/fn/4244257  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

_ such as inside an office _ is a much greater challenge. Locator equipment based on Global Positioning System GPS leaves off. Its System for Wearable Audio Navigation, or SWAN, consists of a wearable computer and obstacles are. A compass establishes direction. And an inertia detector tracks the roll, pitch and yaw

193

ARM - PI Product - Finnish Meteorological Institute Doppler Lidar  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

backscatter coefficients beta signal to noise ratio signal Horizontal wind u, v, w, windspeed, winddirection Backscatter depolarization ratio depolarization Instruments...

194

Simulated performance of an airborne lidar wind shear detection system  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) . . . . 78 53. COq aerosol backseat ter variations II (radial wind velocity) . . 54. COs pulse euergy variations outside atmospheric boundary layer (SXK . ) 79 79 55. 57. COs pulse energy variat, ion outside atmospheric bound ar y layer ( velocity... microburst/pulse energy variation (SNRN) . . 86 67. COz and Ho: YAG wet microburst/pulse energy variation (velocity error) 68. COz and Ho:YAG wet microburst/pulse energy variation (radial wind velocity) 69. COs uniform rain rate variat, ions 87 87 70...

Griffith, Kenneth Scott

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

195

Final report of the Mexico City 1991 lidar measurements campaign  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Over the last two decades, Mexico City, like many large industrial and populous urban areas, has developed a serious air pollution problem, especially during the winter months when there are frequent temperature inversions and weak winds. The deterioration in air quality is the result of several factors. The basin within which Mexico City lies is Mexico`s center of political, administrative and economic activity, generating 34% of the cross domestic product and 42% of the industrial revenue, and supporting a population which is rapidly approaching the 20 minion mark. The basin is surrounded by mountains on three sides which inhibit rapid dispersal of pollutants. Emissions from the transportation fleet (more than 3 million vehicles) are one of the primary pollution sources, and are mostly uncontrolled. Catalytic converters are just now being introduced into the fleet. The Mexico City Air Quality Research Initiative is an international collaborative project between the Los Alamos National Laboratory and the Mexican Petroleum Institute dedicated to the investigation of the air quality problem in Mexico City. The main objective of the project is to identify and assess the cost and benefits of major options being proposed to improve the air quality.

Quick, C.R. Jr.; Archuleta, F.L.; Hof, D.E.; Karl, R.R. Jr.; Tiee, J.J.; Eichinger, W.E.; Holtkamp, D.B.; Tellier, L.L.

1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

www.cerf-jcr.org Benthic Classifications Using Bathymetric LIDAR  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to enhance the SVM classification performance. The assessment of the contribution of geostatistics No. 62, 86­98. West Palm Beach (Florida), ISSN 0749-0208. The scope of this research is to assess. Analysis of the underwater camera stations allowed clustering of the stations into groups on the basis

Long, Bernard

197

Automatic Construction of Building Footprints from Airborne LIDAR Data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

energy demand, quality of life, urban population, and property taxes [1]. Accurate building footprint alternative for mea- Manuscript received June 27, 2005; revised February 23, 2006. This work was supported, and cars scanned by the laser beneath the aircraft. Compared to aerial photographs and satellite images

Chen, Shu-Ching

198

Lane estimation for autonomous vehicles using vision and LIDAR  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Autonomous ground vehicles, or self-driving cars, require a high level of situational awareness in order to operate safely and eciently in real-world conditions. A system able to quickly and reliably estimate the location ...

Huang, Albert Shuyu

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Wind velocity measurements using a pulsed LIDAR system: first results  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. A laser beam of 1.54 µm wavelength takes measurements of the wind speed in beamwise direction. To obtain the three-dimensinal wind vector, the beam is inclined by 30 from vertical direction and measurements 12345 t [s] vh[m/s] Figure 2. Segment of measured time series of the horizontal wind speed magnitude vh

Peinke, Joachim

200

A motor drive control system for the Lidar Polarimeter  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Quantitative Account Gear-Train Servo Error Types. IV. DC VARIABLE SPEED MOTOR DRIVE DESIGN CONSIDERATIONS AND RFALIZATION. Introduction. 27 29 30 30 34 34 Design Consideration. The DC Power Amplifier. System Operation. Scan System Alignment... and Quantitative Account Gear-Train Servo Error Types. IV. DC VARIABLE SPEED MOTOR DRIVE DESIGN CONSIDERATIONS AND RFALIZATION. Introduction. 27 29 30 30 34 34 Design Consideration. The DC Power Amplifier. System Operation. Scan System Alignment...

Leung, Waiming

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "micropulse lidar mpl" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Simulation of Lidar Return Signals Associated with Water Clouds  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 7 Number distribution averaged phasematrices of water clouddroplets of different effective radii. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 8 Simulated range corrected signals froma cloud with reff = 8.0?m and ?ext = 13.3/km when 100...(?in,?in,?sc,?sc) = L(?i2))P(?)L(?i1), (1.14) 8 where L(?) is for rotation operator for Stoke parameter (I,Q,U,V) [30]: L(?) = ? ?? ?? ?? ?? 1 0 0 0 0 cos2? sin2? 0 0 ?sin2? cos2? 0 0 0 0 1 ? ?? ?? ?? ?? . (1.15) where ? is an angle. i1 is the angle between the meridian...

Lu, Jianxu

2010-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

202

The Boeing photocathode accelerator magnetic pulse compression and energy recovery experiment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An 18 MeV, photocathode accelerator operating at 433 MHz is being commissioned for FEL applications. The accelerator consists of a two-cell RF photocathode imjector followed by four new multicell cavities. The two cell injector has previously been operated at a micropulse repetition frequency of 27 MHz, a micropulse charge of 5 nC and 25% duty factor.

Dowell, D.H.; Adamski, J.L.; Hayward, T.D. [Boeing Defense and Space Group, Seattle, WA (United States)] [and others

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

203

E-Print Network 3.0 - airborne mixtures part Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

GLAS Airborne lidar Biomass Height The use of lidar remote sensing for mapping the spatial distribution... and spatially coincident discrete-return airborne lidar data over...

204

Eddy-resolving Lidar Measurements and Numerical Simulations of the Convective Internal Boundary Layer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in speed. The vertical gradient of wind-speed decreases offshore because of strong vertical mixing caused correlation functions and winds derived from horizontal (PPI) and vertical (RHI) scans of the VIL during Lake.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 DOWNSTREAM WIND SPEEDS FROM RHI SCANS ON 13 JANUARY 1998 SPATIALLY RESOLVED 5-m WINDS

Eloranta, Edwin W.

205

Modeling conically scanning lidar error in complex terrain with WAsP  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the vertical wind speed W changes linearly with the downwind position x. This could crudely mimic the flow over to be homogeneous in order to deduce the horizontal wind speed. However, in mountainous or complex terrain this assumption is not valid implying an erroneous wind speed. The magnitude of this error is measured

206

Estimates of North American summertime planetary boundary layer depths derived from space-borne lidar  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

), are sensitive to empirical parameters in addition to the diagnostic method chosen and verification by direct determines the PBL depth using the TKE (turbulent kinetic energy) method. This method identifies the PBL exchanges of energy, moisture, momentum, carbon, and pollutants between the surface and the atmosphere

Collett Jr., Jeffrey L.

207

Quantifying Surface Subsidence along US Highway 50, Reno County, KS using Terrestrial LiDAR  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the 1900's many oil wells were drilled. These wells tapped into the Hutchinson Salt Member which was coined as the "lost circulation zone" when drillers would pass through it due to its high solubility, low strength and contact with the drilling fluid... of the larger Wellington Formation which mainly consists of gray shales interbedded with argillaceous limestone and dolomite intervals in addition to the Hutchinson Salt. Above the Wellington Formation lies the Ninnescah Shale. The Ninnescah Shale is made up...

Herrs, Andrew J.

2010-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

208

Solar Energy Potential Analysis at Building Scale Using LiDAR and Satellite Data.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The two main challenges of the twenty-first century are the scarcity of energy sources and global warming; trigged by the emission of greenhouse gases. In (more)

Aguayo, Paula

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

Assessing Available Woody Plant Biomass on Rangelands with Lidar and Multispectral Remote Sensing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

products. Mesquite trees, a type of woody plant, are a proven source of bioenergy feedstock found on semi-arid lands. The overall objectives of this study were to develop algorithms for determining woody plant biomass on rangelands in Texas at plot...

Ku, Nian-Wei

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

210

Multi-temporal Terrestrial Lidar for Estimating Individual Tree Dimensions and Biomass Change  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Accurate measures of forest structural parameters are essential to forest inventory and growth models, managing wildfires, and modeling of carbon cycle. Terrestrial laser scanning (TLS) provides accurate understory information rapidly through non...

Srinivasan, Shruthi

2013-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

211

Modeling Plot-Level Biomass and Volume Using Airborne and Terrestrial Lidar Measurements  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The United States Forest Service (USFS) Forest Inventory and Analysis (FIA) program provides a diverse selection of data used to assess the status of the nations forested areas using sample locations dispersed throughout the country. Airborne...

Sheridan, Ryan D.

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

212

Errors for Space-Based Doppler Lidar Wind Measurements: Definition, Performance, and Verification  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Verification of space-based wind measurements will be difficult because of the random variations of the atmospheric velocity field over the measurement volume. The definition of accuracy requires a definition of truth. For this work, truth is ...

Rod Frehlich

2001-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

2.1 RAMAN LIDAR PROFILING OF WATER VAPOR AND AEROSOLS OVER THE ARM SGP SITE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with satellite sensors. Accurate, high spatial and temporal resolution profiles of water vapor are also required+GOES) have been combined into a single product that takes advantage of both active and passive remote sensors with the use of narrowband (~0.4 nm bandpass) filters, reduces the background skylight and, therefore

214

Development of a national model of Pinus radiata stand volume from lidar metrics for New Zealand  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Although environmental variables are established determinants for V, their inclusion did not significantly improve either model 1 or 2. Residual values for both models showed little apparent bias when plotted against stand-level ...

Pete Watt; MichaelS. Watt

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

NEW REMOTELY-OPERATED RAMAN-MIE-RAYLEIGH LIDAR IN THE HIGH CANADIAN ARCTIC  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

operation and alignment, data col- lection, and safety systems are controlled with custom software. 2 revolve around atmospheric energy trans- fer through both radiative and dynamic processes. As contributors

Duck, Thomas J.

216

Perspective of a hydrographic LIDAR in space: Specifications and results of a simulation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Oldenburg, Germany* ABSTRACT Long-term surveillance of coastal zones like the German Bight with airborne chlorophyll a will be given in the following section. Ocean monitoring on basin-wide global scales

Oldenburg, Carl von Ossietzky Universität

217

Meso-scale eddies affect near-surface turbulent exchange: evidence from lidar and tower measurements  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The eddy-covariance technique tends to underestimate the turbulent heat fluxes, which results in the non-closure of the surface energy balance. This study shows experimental evidence that meso-scale turbulent organized structures, which are ...

Fabian Eder; Marius Schmidt; Thomas Damian; Katja Trumner; Matthias Mauder

218

Volumetric Lidar Scanning of Wind Turbine Wakes under Convective and Neutral Atmospheric Stability Regimes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Optimization of a wind farms layout is a strategic task to reduce wake effects on downstream turbines, thus maximizing wind power harvesting. However, downstream evolution and recovery of each wind turbine wake are strongly affected by the ...

Giacomo Valerio Iungo; Fernando Port-Agel

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

Estimating the Wind Resource in Uttarakhand: Comparison of Dynamic Downscaling with Doppler Lidar Wind Measurements  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Previous estimates of the wind resources in Uttarakhand, India, suggest minimal wind resources in this region. To explore whether or not the complex terrain in fact provides localized regions of wind resource, the authors of this study employed a dynamic down scaling method with the Weather Research and Forecasting model, providing detailed estimates of winds at approximately 1 km resolution in the finest nested simulation.

Lundquist, J. K.; Pukayastha, A.; St. Martin, C.; Newsom, R.

2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

A lidar Perception Scheme for Intelligent Vehicle Julien Moras, Veronique Cherfaoui and Phillipe Bonnifait  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

space determination are key issues for driving assistance systems or autonomous vehicles. This paper Detection I. INTRODUCTION Autonomous vehicles are becoming a reality in urban areas for human transportation and track the moving objects [4], [5], [6], [7]. Usually, a detection and tracking system is developed

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "micropulse lidar mpl" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

How lava flows: New insights from applications of lidar technologies to lava flow studies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...systems record the entire waveform of the energy pulse that is backscattered from the reflecting...on lahars from Popocatepetl Volcano, Mexico: Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal...reconstruction of geohistory in the age of reform : Chicago, Illinois, University of Chicago...

K.V. Cashman; S.A. Soule; B.H. Mackey; N.I. Deligne; N.D. Deardorff; H.R. Dietterich

222

Estimating the Wind Resource in Uttarakhand: Comparison of Dynamic Downscaling with Doppler Lidar Wind Measurements  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Previous estimates of the wind resources in Uttarakhand, India, suggest minimal wind resources in this region. To explore whether or not the complex terrain in fact provides localized regions of...

223

Low-coherence doppler lidar with multiple time coherence of reference and probe waves  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The notion of multiple time coherence of optical beams is introduced and mathematically ... pulses (MFPs), which exhibit multiple time coherence, and the possibility of their application for ... is based on nanos...

G. G. Matvienko; S. N. Polyakov; V. K. Oshlakov

2007-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Finding Multiple Lanes in Urban Road Networks with Vision and Lidar  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper describes a system for detecting and estimating the properties of multiple travel lanes in an urban road network from calibrated video imagery and laser range data acquired by a moving vehicle. The system operates ...

Huang, Albert S.

225

Constructing a GIS-based 3D urban model using LiDAR and aerial photographs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.................................................................. 30 3.4 Planimetric Information................................................... 37 3.5 Height Information........................................................... 39 3.6 Texture Information..................................................................... 72 35 Shadow method...................................................................................... 74 36 Differential parallax method ................................................................. 77 37 Laser ranging method...

Lin, Wei-Ming

2005-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

226

E-Print Network 3.0 - absorption lidar transmitter Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Collection: Environmental Sciences and Ecology 35 Field demonstration of simultaneous wind and temperature measurements from 5 to 50 km with Summary: double-edge magneto-optic...

227

LiDAR At Glass Buttes Area (DOE GTP) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

References (1 January 2011) GTP ARRA Spreadsheet Additional References Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleLiDARAtGlassButtesArea(DOEGTP)&oldid402493...

228

3D Reconstruction of 138 KV Power-lines from Airborne LiDAR Data.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Due to infrequent and imprecise maintenance inspection in power-line corridors, accidents can be caused by interferences, for instance, surrounding trees. Transmission power-line inspection conventionally relies (more)

Xiang, Qing

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Lidar-Measured Wind Profiles: The Missing Link in the Global Observing System  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The three-dimensional global wind field is the most important remaining measurement needed to accurately assess the dynamics of the atmosphere. Wind information in the tropics, high latitudes, and stratosphere is particularly deficient. Furthermore, only ...

Wayman E. Baker; Robert Atlas; Carla Cardinali; Amy Clement; George D. Emmitt; Bruce M. Gentry; R. Michael Hardesty; Erland Klln; Michael J. Kavaya; Rolf Langland; Zaizhong Ma; Michiko Masutani; Will McCarty; R. Bradley Pierce; Zhaoxia Pu; Lars Peter Riishojgaard; James Ryan; Sara Tucker; Martin Weissmann; James G. Yoe

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Regulation of immunoglobulin transcription rates and mRNA processing in proliferating normal B lymphocytes by activators of protein kinase C  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...M13mpl8 and M13mpl9, respectively. Probes were labeled by nick-translation (20) or by random priming (25). S1 Nuclease...Wheth- er this finding is coincidental or a regulatory event merits a more careful analysis. We also show that the suppression...

E Hgbom; I L Mrtensson; T Leanderson

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

BNL | ATF Beamline Parameters  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Beamline Parameters Beamline Parameters Electron beam energy: 25 to 76 MeV Temporal structure: Macropulse length: 3 microseconds Macropulse repetition rate from under 1 PPS to 3 PPS. Micropulse repetition period 12.25 ns or 24.5 ns. Micropulse length variable from about 1 ps FWHM to 10 ps FWHM. Electron beam charge: continuously variable. Single micropulse charge from zero to a few nanoculombs. Bunch train charge up to about 10 nanoculombs. Emittance: depends on various conditions, e.g. peak current, gun field, microbunch length etc. At 1 nC we have measured the emittance at 2.6 mm mrad (rms normalized) at a bunch length of 10 ps FWHM. The local emittance (Slice Emittance) is smaller, measured 1.4 mm mrad for a slice out of the 1 nC bunch. Stability: (approx.) 1 ps in short term phase, 1% of beam diameter

232

Board of Directors : Prof. Alfred Leipertz (Coordinator) Prof. Michael Schmidt (Co-Coordinator)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in their respective fields and has as its aim the promotion of innovation and leadership skills in all specialist in the SAOT. · Max Planck Institute for the Science of Light (MPL) · Fraunhofer Institute for Integrated

Fiebig, Peter

233

An accurate and computationally efficient algorithm for ground peak identification in large footprint waveform LiDAR data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An accurate and computationally efficient algorithm for ground peak identification in large. In the current study, an accurate and computationally efficient algorithm was devel- oped for ground peak identification, called Filtering and Clustering Algorithm (FICA). The method was evaluated on Land, Vegetation

Mountrakis, Giorgos

234

30TH INTERNATIONAL COSMIC RAY CONFERENCE Atmospheric Monitoring with a LIDAR and an Infra-red Camera at Black Rock  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

density, the US atmospheric standard model is used so far, and a radio sonde data is also used COLLABORATION 1 Department of Physics, Kinki University 2 Graduate School of Science, Osaka City University 3 for cosmic rays experiment. The aims of atmospheric moni- toring are to calibrate observed energy

235

Exploring the relationships between vegetation measurements and temperature in residential areas by integrating LIDAR and remotely sensed imagery  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

at higher resolutions is much more difficult to obtain. This has allowed researchers to study urban heat island dynamics at a micro-scale. However, this study suggests that a vegetation index alone might not be the best surrogate variable for providing...

Clemonds, Matthew A

2006-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

236

LiDAR and hyperspectral analysis of mineral alteration and faulting on the west side of the Humboldt Range, Nevada  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Tester, J.W. ., et al.., 2006, The Future of Geothermal Energy, ISBN: 0615134386, available at: http://www1.eere.energy.gov/geothermal/egs_technology.html . Thompson, R.S. , Benson, L., and Hattori, E.M., 1986, A...

Eli Silver; Robert MacKnight; Erin Male; William Pickles; Peter Cocks; Al Waibel

237

Assessing Surface Fuel Hazard in Coastal Conifer Forests through the Use of LiDAR Remote Sensing.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The research problem that this thesis seeks to examine is a method of predicting conventional fire hazards using data drawn from specific regions, namely the (more)

Koulas, Christos

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Identifying the top of the tropical tropopause layer from vertical mass flux analysis and CALIPSO lidar cloud observations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

defined as the level of zero net radiative heating, which occurs near 14.5­15 km [e.g., Folkins et al layer (TTL) by analyzing the vertical mass flux profile based on radiative transfer calculations will rise into the stratosphere. Thus convection has to transport air at least to the zero radiative heating

Hochberg, Michael

239

Short-range, Non-contact Detection of Surface Contamination Using Raman Lidar Arthur J. Sedlacek, III*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-time detection and identification of bulk amounts of substances on surfaces. Optical spectroscopic methods detection and identification of chemical spills is discussed. The new chemical sensor combines the spectral-range (meters to tens of meters), non-contact detection and identification of unknown substances on surfaces

240

Na double-edge magneto-optic filter for Na lidar profiling of wind and temperature in the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

proposed by one of the authors (Williams), originating from the Na magneto-optic filter in solar-edge magneto-optic fil- ter (Na-DEMOF). It has advantages over the FPIs and iodine filters because of its magnetic field across the Na cell causes the Zeeman splitting of Na energy levels, which shifts

Chu, Xinzhao

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "micropulse lidar mpl" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Power Performance Measurements of the NREL CART-2 Wind Turbine Using a Nacelle-Based Lidar Scanner  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Different certification procedures in wind energy, such as power performance testing or load estimation, require measurements of the wind speed, which is set in relation to the electrical power output or the turbine loading. The wind shear affects ...

Andreas Rettenmeier; David Schlipf; Ines Wrth; Po Wen Cheng

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Doppler LidarBased Wind-Profile Measurement System for Offshore Wind-Energy and Other Marine Boundary Layer Applications  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Accurate measurement of wind speed profiles aloft in the marine boundary layer is a difficult challenge. The development of offshore wind energy requires accurate information on wind speeds above the surface at least at the levels occupied by ...

Yelena L. Pichugina; Robert M. Banta; W. Alan Brewer; Scott P. Sandberg; R. Michael Hardesty

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

Lidar determination of altitude profile of the refraction index in electro-optical monitoring of the Earths atmosphere  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

generated data 1. Introduction Control of atmosphere pollution is a complex problem of environmental of the reconstruction of the individual contributions and the overall altitude pro- file of the refraction index of air the pollutants and obtain detailed information about the distri- bution of the substances both in altitude

244

Die RefeRenten: Prof. Philip Russell  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Helligkeitssensor des fraunhofer iiS 4.Tag der InnovaTIon Fokus opTIk und opTIsche TechnolgIen MITarbe.mpl.mpg.de philip.russell@mpl.mpg.de Prof. Randolf Hanke fraunhofer-institut für integrierte Schaltungen iiS www.iis.fraunhofer.de randolf.hanke@iis.fraunhofer.de Prof. Gerd Häusler institute of Optics University of erlangen-nureberg www

Gugat, Martin

245

Die RefeRenten: Prof. Philip Russell  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Helligkeitssensor des fraunhofer iiS 4.Tag der InnovaTIon Fokus opTIk und opTIsche TechnologIen MITarbe.mpl.mpg.de philip.russell@mpl.mpg.de Prof. Randolf Hanke fraunhofer-institut für integrierte Schaltungen iiS www.iis.fraunhofer.de randolf.hanke@iis.fraunhofer.de Prof. Gerd Häusler institute of Optics University of erlangen-nureberg www

Sanderson, Yasmine

246

The Development of Instrumentation and Methods for Measurement of Air-Sea Interaction and Coastal Processes from Manned and Unmanned Aircraft /  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Yaw Sum Rotation Rotated LiDAR Surface (x, y, z, t) Figure 2.4: Post-processing flow chart for the airborne lidar system.

Reineman, Benjamin D.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

DISCLAIMER  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

level AMF ARM Mobile Facility AMFDL AMF Doppler Lidar ARM Atmospheric Radiation Measurement DL Doppler Lidar DMF Data Management Facility DOE U.S. Department of Energy DQO...

248

PowerPoint Presentation  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

measurements in the Arctic using lidar and radar data measurements in the Arctic using lidar and radar data Ed Eloranta University of Wis-Madison http://lidar.ssec.wisc.edu Lidar-Radar Measurement of Effective Diameter Radar scattering cross section ~ ~ ρ ~ D 6 Lidar scattering cross section ~ ~ D 2 D eff_prime ~ ( ( ) 4 Notice that this differs for the usual definition: D eff = Photos by Kenneth Libbrecht Problem: Ice crystals are not spherical Hex columns Spheroid model to represent measureable properties of a snowflake Top view Side view Radar backscatter ~ particle concentration Lidar extinction ~ particle concentration

249

Proceedings of 2011 NSF Engineering Research and Innovation Conference, Atlanta, Georgia Grant #0856420 LiDAR and optical imaging for 3-D fracture orientations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

measurements are sometimes carried at the base of existing slopes or during quarrying, tunneling or mining is responsible for the transportation of groundwater and contaminants [5]. Thus, the importance of the analysis

Maerz, Norbert H.

250

The Ability of MM5 to Simulate Ice Clouds: Systematic Comparison between Simulated and Measured Fluxes and Lidar/Radar Profiles at the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to produce too much solid water (ice and snow) and not enough liquid water. 1. Introduction Ice clouds playThe Ability of MM5 to Simulate Ice Clouds: Systematic Comparison between Simulated and Measured­NCAR Mesoscale Model (MM5) to simulate midlatitude ice clouds is evaluated. Model outputs are compared to long

Protat, Alain

251

Bachelor thesis: "Validation of an engineering model of the near wake wind field of wind turbines based on nacelle based lidar measurements"  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Bachelor thesis: "Validation of an engineering model of the near wake wind field of wind turbines, in an early stage of wind farm layout optimisation and wind turbine loading calculation in wind farms developed/validated indirectly. Mainly, based on power measurements of downstream wind turbines, instead

Peinke, Joachim

252

Comparison of the relationships between lidar integrated backscattered light and accumulated depolarization ratios for linear and circular polarization for water droplets, fog oil, and dust  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Recently, an empirical relationship between the layer integrated backscattered light and the layer accumulated depolarization ratio has been established for linear polarization for...

Cao, Xiaoying; Roy, Gilles; Roy, Nathalie; Bernier, Robert

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

1416 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING, VOL. 46, NO. 5, MAY 2008 Fusion of Hyperspectral and LIDAR Remote Sensing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

composition, distribution, and density. However, the assessment of the distribution of tree species in large techniques, allows the analysis of large areas in a fast and accurate way. Several studies have been carried1416 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING, VOL. 46, NO. 5, MAY 2008 Fusion

Bruzzone, Lorenzo

254

Aerosol plume transport and transformation in high spectral resolution lidar measurements and WRF-Flexpart simulations during the MILAGRO Field Campaign  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Mexico City Metropolitan Area (MCMA) experiences high loadings of atmospheric aerosols from anthropogenic sources, biomass burning and wind-blown dust. This paper uses a combination of measurements and numerical ...

de Foy, B.

255

Raman-shifted KrF laser radiation with low amplified spontaneous emission for a rotational Raman daytime-temperature lidar  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Various configurations of a tunable two-stage KrF laser have been investigated for providing powerful laser pulses with very low amplified spontaneous emission (ASE). The lowest fraction (0.00017%) of ASE was attained with a single-pass amplifier and a phase-conjugate Brillouin mirror. The most suitable application envisaged for the laser source, i.e., remote daytime-temperature measurement by means of rotational Raman scattering, is a dedicated oscillator--amplifier configuration with an ASE of 0.005% at an output of 300 mJ. The very low values of ASE were measured with the aid of a thallium atomic-vapor filter.

Luckow, F.; Voss, E.; Zeyn, J.; Lahmann, W.; Weitkamp, C.; Michaelis, W. (Institut fuer Physik, GKSS-Forschungszentrum Geesthacht GmbH, D-21502 Geesthacht (Germany))

1994-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

256

Measuring gap fraction, element clumping index and LAI in Sierra Forest stands using a full-waveform ground-based lidar  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

conifer stands of varying height and stocking den- sities in the Sierra National Forest, CA, in August within crowns, and crowns are ar- ranged within forest stands (Chen et al., 1997). For conifer forest, foMeasuring gap fraction, element clumping index and LAI in Sierra Forest stands using a full

Ni-Meister, Wenge

257

2 Spatial variations in slip rate along the Death Valley-Fish Lake Valley 3 fault system determined from LiDAR topographic data and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

deformation is accommodated on 22 structures east of Fish Lake Valley, or that rates of seismic 23 strain2 Spatial variations in slip rate along the Death Valley-Fish Lake Valley 3 fault system determined; accepted 11 July 2007; published XX Month 2007. 9 [1] The Death Valley-Fish Lake Valley fault zone (DV- 10

Black, Robert X.

258

Spatial variations in slip rate along the Death Valley-Fish Lake Valley fault system determined from LiDAR topographic data and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

east of Fish Lake Valley, or that rates of seismic strain accumulation and release have not remainedSpatial variations in slip rate along the Death Valley-Fish Lake Valley fault system determined; accepted 11 July 2007; published 19 September 2007. [1] The Death Valley-Fish Lake Valley fault zone (DV

Frankel, Kurt L.

259

Lidar Remote Sensing for Environmental Monitoring IX, Edited by Upendra N. Singh, Kazuhiro Asai, Achuthan Jayaraman, Proc. of SPIE Vol. 7153, 71530Z  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in a single FPA. When (100) silicon is properly etched with KOH:IPA:H2O solution through a thermally grown with KOH:IPA:H2O solution through a thermally grown oxide mask, square based pyramidal frustum or mesa in a dual- mode, operating in a linear mode with or without internal gain for passive imaging in daylight

Cole, Dan C.

260

Vindicator Lidar Assessment for Wind Turbine Feed-Forward Control Applications: Cooperative Research and Development Final Report, CRADA Number CRD-09-352  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Collaborative development and testing of feed-forward and other advanced wind turbine controls using a laser wind sensor.

Wright, A.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "micropulse lidar mpl" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Proceedings of EARSeL-SIG-Workshop LIDAR, Dresden/FRG, June 16 17, 2000 EARSeL eProceedings No. 1 148  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-06-3048-6038 ABSTRACT The development of sensing subsystems is crucial to the operation of highly autonomous robots performance laser range finder. The sensor will be installed on an autonomous rover (RAS), lodged surfaces and from the poor transparency of the atmos- phere caused by wind-driven ice microcrystals

Oldenburg, Carl von Ossietzky Universität

262

Interface between land and water,shoreline change analyses for erosion/accretion,hazards,planning Derived from coastal survey maps,nautical charts,aerial photos,LIDAR  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Derived from bathymetry,scientific mesh,one-dimensional hydrological models;measured by sub bottomShorelines Interface between land and water,shoreline change analyses for erosion;national cartographic standards often used Tracks and Cruises Shiptracks during a cruise,tracks of vehicles towed from

Wright, Dawn Jeannine

263

Proceedings of EARSeL-SIG-Workshop LIDAR, Dresden/FRG, June 16 17, 2000 EARSeL eProceedings No. 1 130  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

element measurements in any kind of solid material (1-3) as well as in liquids (4,5). The technique can. The unknown samples are often available as powders (e.g. coal fly ash, minerals, sed

Oldenburg, Carl von Ossietzky Universität

264

The Airborne CloudAerosol Transport System: Overview and Description of the Instrument and Retrieval Algorithms  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Airborne CloudAerosol Transport System (ACATS) is a Doppler wind lidar system that has recently been developed for atmospheric science capabilities at the NASA Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC). ACATS is also a high-spectral-resolution lidar ...

John E. Yorks; Matthew J. McGill; V. Stanley Scott; Shane W. Wake; Andrew Kupchock; Dennis L. Hlavka; William D. Hart; Patrick A. Selmer

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

1  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

arctic lidar, an estimated total error curve is also shown for a system with sensitivity ten times better than the current lidar. Recovery of optical depth and scattering cross...

266

Device For Trapping Laser Pulses In An Optical Delay Line  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A device for maintaining a high-energy laser pulse within a recirculating optical delay line for a period time to optimize the interaction of the pulse with an electron beam pulse train comprising closely spaced electron micropulses. The delay line allows a single optical pulse to interact with many of the electron micropulses in a single electron beam macropulse in sequence and for the introduction of additional optical pulses to interact with the micropulses of additional electron beam macropulses. The device comprises a polarization-sensitive beam splitter for admitting an optical pulse to and ejecting it from the delay line according to its polarization state, a Pockels cell to control the polarization of the pulse within the delay line for the purpose of maintaining it within the delay line or ejecting it from the delay line, a pair of focusing mirrors positioned so that a collimated incoming optical pulse is focused by one of them to a focal point where the pulse interacts with the electron beam and then afterwards the pulse is recollimated by the second focusing mirror, and a timing device which synchronizes the introduction of the laser pulse into the optical delay line with the arrival of the electron macropulse at the delay line to ensure the interaction of the laser pulse with a prescribed number of electron micropulses in sequence. In a first embodiment of the invention, the principal optical elements are mounted with their axes collinear. In a second embodiment, all principal optical elements are mounted in the configuration of a ring.

Yu, David U. L. (Rancho Palos Verdes, CA); Bullock, Donald L. (Los Angeles, CA)

1997-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

267

INEX (integrated numerical experiment) simulations of the Los Alamos HIBAF (high-brightness accelerator free-electron laser) free-electron laser MOPA (master oscillator power amplifier) experiment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present results of Integrated Numerical Experiment (INEX) simulations of the performance of a 1-m untapered wiggler FEL oscillator driving a 2-m wiggler FEL amplifier for the new HIBAF (High-Brightness Accelerator Free-Electron Laser) facility at Los Alamos. INEX simulations utilize a numerically-generated electron micropulse, from ISIS/PARMELA calculations of the photoinjector/linac/beam transport system, in the 3-D FEL simulation code FELEX. 13 refs., 10 figs., 1 tab.

Goldstein, J.C.; Carlsten, B.E.; McVey, B.D.

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Applying Single-Layer Shallow-Water Theory to Gap Flows in the Brenner Pass Region  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. pressure mean deviation of pot. temperature mean wind speed cross-section of topography shallow foehn jump;Doppler wind lidar FOEHN 30 Oct 1999 20 Oct 1999 gap flow ambient flow ridge lidar location LIDAR NOAA InnsbruckBrenner wind speed #12;SWM simulations FOEHN valley exit Ellboegen Tienzens Brenner Steinach/ Gries

Gohm, Alexander

269

Development of BPM Electronics at the JLAB FEL  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A new version of BPM electronics based on the AD8362 RMS detector, which is a direct RF to DC converter, is under development at the JLAB FEL. Each of these new BPM electronics utilizes an embedded ColdFire Microprocessor for data processing and communication with the EPICS control system via TCP/IP. The ColdFire runs RTEMS, which is an open source real-time operating system. The JLAB FEL is a SRF Energy Recovery LINAC capable of running up to 10 mA CW beam with the micropulse up to 74.85 MHz. For diagnostic reasons and for the machine tune up, the micropulse frequency can be reduced to 1.17 MHz, which corresponds to about 160 ?A of beam current. It is required that the BPM system would be functional for all micropulse frequencies. By taking into account the headroom for the beam steering and current variations the dynamic range of the RF front end is required to be about 60 dB. A BPM resolution of at least 100 ?m is required, whereas better resolution is very desirable to make it possible for more accurate measurements of the electron beam optics. Some results of the RF front end development are presented as well as the first measurements made with an electron beam.

Daniel Sexton; Pavel Evtushenko; Kevin Jordan; Jianxun Yan; Steven Dutton; Steven Moore; Richard Evans; James Coleman

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Interferometric results from the Boeing grazing incidence FEL ring resonator  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Boeing HAP (High Average Power) experiment was reconfigured throughout 19891990 to incorporate a grazing incidence, 133 m round-trip ring resonator. Initial spectra, mode stability, coherence length, and interferometric wavefront quality measurements have been taken. This paper reports on the optical measurement techniques and data used to characterize the resonator optical output as having an optical path difference (OPD) of 2.0 to 2.5 optical wavelengths. A basic data-reduction methodology and analysis supporting the subtraction of effects caused by the 7 beam reducer, fold mirrors, and the radial shear interferometer itself Noteworthy observations, such as the ability to overlay interferometric fringe data over the length of a macropulse (? 180 micropulses) without destroying the fringe visibility, and the occurrence of centrally localized (? 30% of the diameter) disturbances of the fringe pattern are also discussed. Coherence length measurements, made using the interferometer, showed the coherence length to be between 64 and 120 ?m. Attempts to measure the micropulse-to-micropulse mode stability were made and are discussed as well.

D.A. Byrd; S.C. Bender; E.L. Miller; D.H. Dowell

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Performance Analysis of a Proton-Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell (PEMFC) with Various Hydrophobic Agents in a Gas Diffusion Layer  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The microporous layer (MPL) between the carbon cloth and catalyst layer is a significant part in a proton-exchange membrane fuel cell (PEMFC). ... The electrode is treated with sufficient water-resistant additive to enable it to be used as a cathode in a PEMFC. ...

Jui-Hsiang Lin; Wei-Hung Chen; Yen-Ju Su; Tse-Hao Ko

2008-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

272

Determination of effective water vapor diffusion coefficient in pemfc gas diffusion layers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

route from the cathode catalyst layer to the cathode flow channels. Water can be removed from the cellDetermination of effective water vapor diffusion coefficient in pemfc gas diffusion layers Jacob M: Water vapor diffusion PEMFC Water management GDL Diffusivity MPL a b s t r a c t The primary removal

Kandlikar, Satish

273

Replication-Based Incremental Copying Collection Scott Nettles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Replication-Based Incremental Copying Collection Scott Nettles 1, James O'Tool e 2, David Pi erce 3 for mai ntai ni ng consi stency may be appl i ed. In our i mpl ementati on for Standard ML of New

Williams, Brian C.

274

A New Continuous Propositional Logic Riccardo Poli, Mark Ryan and Aaron Sloman  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

considered fundamental in fuzzy logic (but not in fuzzy control) do not hold. The paper is organised's Probabilistic Logic, but can also be interpreted as the degree of truth of that assertion, as in Fuzzy Logic. However, unlike fuzzy logic MPL respects all logical equivalences, and un- like probabilistic logic

Ryan, Mark

275

An Introduction to Wave-Current Interactions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-scale wave focusing across a storm can re-direct the wind-stress? #12;1. Adiabatic interaction StartAn Introduction to Wave-Current Interactions Jerry Smith, MPL-SIO-UCSD jasmith@ucsd.edu http just want to hold up your hand. #12;Some Questions in Wave-Current Interaction Physics 1. Adiabatic

Smith, Jerome A.

276

Journal of Power Sources 163 (2006) 357363 Effect of carbon loading in microporous layer on PEM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

,2]. The GDL typically has a dual-layer structure, as illustrated in Fig. 1 [3]. The first layer is a carbon-fiber available GDLs: bare SGL SIGRACET and Toray TGPH carbon-fiber papers and SGL SIGRACET carbon- Corresponding the MPL-coated carbon- fiber paper when compared with the bare papers even at lower air stoichiometry

Popov, Branko N.

277

Introduction to special section on the Phoenix Mission: Landing Site Characterization Experiments, Mission Overviews, and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

braking strategy. After a safe landing, twin fan-like solar panels are unfurled and provide the energy lander with a science payload inherited from MPL and 2001 instruments gives significant advantages, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. 10 Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research, Katlenburg

Duck, Thomas J.

278

Research Highlight  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Raman Lidar Observations of Aerosol Humidification Near Clouds Raman Lidar Observations of Aerosol Humidification Near Clouds Submitter: Ferrare, R. A., NASA - Langley Research Center Area of Research: Aerosol Properties Working Group(s): Aerosol Journal Reference: Ferrare, R., et al., Evaluation of Daytime Measurements of Aerosols and Water Vapor Made by an Operational Raman Lidar over the Southern Great Plains, J. Geophys. Res., 111, D05S08, doi:10.1029/2005JD005836, 2006. Relative humidity profiles derived from the Raman lidar during the ALIVE 2005 field experiment. Aerosol extinction profiles derived from the Raman lidar during the ALIVE 2005 field experiment. Aerosol humidification factor f(RH) from Raman lidar measured profiles of aerosol extinction and relative humidity. Upgrades to the Raman lidar at the ARM Climate Research Facility (ACRF)

279

Research Highlight  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Wide Angle Imaging Lidar: Active Optical Sensor Technology for Ground-Based Wide Angle Imaging Lidar: Active Optical Sensor Technology for Ground-Based Probing of Dense Clouds Download a printable PDF Submitter: Davis, A. B., Jet Propulsion Laboratory Area of Research: Cloud Distributions/Characterizations Working Group(s): Cloud Properties Journal Reference: Davis, AB. 2008. "Multiple-scattering lidar from both sides of the clouds: Addressing internal structure." Journal of Geophysical Research 113, D14S10, doi:10.1029/2007JD009666. Figure 1. Lidar observations of a dense cloud. Left: standard (single-scattering/on-beam) lidar. Right: multiple-scattering/off-beam lidar. Note the extreme narrowness of the FOV in the standard case, as is required to restrict as much as possible the signal to a single backscatter. Also note the weak penetration, O(1) MFP, of the two-way

280

ARM - Facility News Article  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Raman Lidar Refurbishment and Upgrade Completed Raman Lidar Refurbishment and Upgrade Completed Bookmark and Share During the past several years, the sensitivity of the 8-year old Raman lidar at the ARM Climate Research Facility Southern Great Plains (SGP) site has decreased between a factor of 3-4, resulting in a lower maximum altitude and increased random error in the geophysical properties (such as water vapor mixing ration and aerosol extinction profiles) derived from lidar. In September 2004, a ten-month effort to refurbish and upgrade the aging lidar was completed, as ARM scientists visited the site to align the instrument's newly-refurbished receiving telescope, install new interference filters, and optimize signal levels. Replacing the telescope and interference filters returned the lidar's sensitivity back to its

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "micropulse lidar mpl" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

ARM - Facility News Article  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

October 6, 2010 [Facility News] October 6, 2010 [Facility News] New Raman Lidar En Route to Australia Bookmark and Share Since 1996, the ARM Southern Great Plains site has maintained one of the few operational Raman lidars in the world. Now, thanks to funding from the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act, the ARM Tropical Western Pacific site is about to join that exclusive group. A new Raman lidar, built by Sandia National Laboratories in New Mexico, is on its way to Darwin, Australia. Optics contained inside the Raman lidar shelter guide backscattered laser radiation in order to measure signals collected by the telescope. Optics contained inside the Raman lidar shelter guide backscattered laser radiation in order to measure signals collected by the telescope. The Raman lidar (light detection and ranging) uses pulses of laser

282

Home | Data.gov  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Previous Pause Next Previous Pause Next Wireless Spectrum Research & Development Senior Steering Group's Testbed Information Portal By State and DC since 1910 National since 1879 Provider Charge Data Credit Card Complaints Visit the new Health Data Community Science Cinema SciTech Connect One year of public safety data at Safety.Data.gov! Visit The New Agriculture Community National Bridge Inventory NHTSA releases SaferCar APIs and mobile app Explore Federal Research Data Latest Datasets Elevation - LiDAR Survey - Sheyenne R... Elevation - LiDAR Survey - Rainy Rive... Elevation - LiDAR Survey - Roseau Cou... Elevation - LiDAR Survey - Mississipp... Elevation - LiDAR Survey Minnehaha Cr... Elevation - Mobile LiDAR - Mississipp... Imagery - Lake Ashtabula, ND - 2009 4... Elevation - Survey Points - Minnesota...

283

Analysis of mixing layer heights inferred from radiosonde, wind profiler, airborne lidar, airborne microwave temperature profiler, and in-situ aircraft data during the Texas 2000 air quality study in Houston, TX  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

by wind profilers at the Wharton (WH), Liberty (LB), Houston Southwest (HSW), Ellington (EL), and LaMarque (LM) sites.................................................................. 93 18 Skew-T of WH radiosonde data at 1100 UTC...), Houston Southwest (HSW), Ellington (EL), and LaMarque (LM) sites ....................................... 97 21 The ML height distribution at 1600 UTC around the city of Houston...

Smith, Christina Lynn

2005-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

284

Rayleigh LIDAR and satellite (HALOE, SABER, CHAMP and COSMIC) measurements of stratosphere-mesosphere temperature over a southern sub-tropical site, Reunion (20.8 S; 55.5 E): climatology and comparison study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

L. , and Keckhut, P. : Climatology and trends of the middleD. M. : A 14-year monthly climatology and trend in the 3565D. A. : Temperature climatology of the mid- dle atmosphere

Sivakumar, V.; Vishnu Prasanth, P.; Kishore, P.; Bencherif, H.; Keckhut, P.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Diode-pumped Nd:YAG master oscillator power amplifier with high pulse energy, excellent beam quality, and frequency-stabilized master oscillator as a basis for a next-generation lidar system  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A pulsed, diode-laser-pumped Nd:YAG master oscillator power amplifier (MOPA) in rod geometry, frequency stabilized with a modified PoundDreverHall scheme is presented. The apparatus...

Ostermeyer, Martin; Kappe, Philip; Menzel, Ralf; Wulfmeyer, Volker

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Probing Planck scale physics with IceCube  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Neutrino oscillations can be affected by decoherence induced e.g. by Planck scale suppressed interactions with the space-time foam predicted in some approaches to quantum gravity. We study the prospects for observing such effects at IceCube, using the likely flux of TeV antineutrinos from the Cygnus spiral arm. We formulate the statistical analysis for evaluating the sensitivity to quantum decoherence in the presence of the background from atmospheric neutrinos, as well as from plausible cosmic neutrino sources. We demonstrate that IceCube will improve the sensitivity to decoherence effects of O(E2/MPl) by 17 orders of magnitude over present limits and, moreover, that it can probe decoherence effects of O(E3/MPl2) which are well beyond the reach of other experiments.

Luis A. Anchordoqui; Haim Goldberg; M. C. Gonzalez-Garcia; Francis Halzen; Dan Hooper; Subir Sarkar; Thomas J. Weiler

2005-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

287

An infrared free-electron laser for the Chemical Dynamics Research Laboratory. Design report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document describes a free-electron laser (FEL) proposed as part of the Chemical Dynamics Research Laboratory (CDRL), a user facility that also incorporates several advanced lasers of conventional design and two beamlines for the ALS. The FEL itself addresses the needs of the chemical sciences community for a high-brightness, tunable source covering a broad region of the infrared spectrum -- from 3 to 50 {mu}m. All of these sources, together with a variety of sophisticated experimental stations, will be housed in a new building to be located adjacent to the ALS. The radiation sources can be synchronized to permit powerful two-color, pump-probe experiments that will further our fundamental understanding of chemical dynamics at the molecular level, especially those aspects relevant to practical issues in combustion chemistry. The technical approach adopted in this design makes use of superconducting radiofrequency (SCRF) accelerating structures. The primary motivation for adopting this approach was to meet the user requirement for wavelength stability equal to one part in 10{sup 4}. Previous studies concluded that a wavelength stability of only one part in 10{sup 3} could be achieved with currently available room-temperature technology. In addition, the superconducting design operates in a continuous-wave (cw) mode and hence offers considerably higher average optical output power. It also allows for various pulse-gating configurations that will permit simultaneous multiuser operations. A summary of the comparative performance attainable with room-temperature and superconducting designs is given. The FEL described in this report provides a continuous train of 30-ps micropulses, with 100{mu}J of optical energy per micropulse, at a repetition rate of 6.1 MHz. The device can also deliver pulses at a cw repetition rate of 12.2 MHz, with a peak power of 50 {mu}J per micropulse. 70 ref.

Vaughan, D. [comp.

1992-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

An infrared free-electron laser for the Chemical Dynamics Research Laboratory  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document describes a free-electron laser (FEL) proposed as part of the Chemical Dynamics Research Laboratory (CDRL), a user facility that also incorporates several advanced lasers of conventional design and two beamlines for the ALS. The FEL itself addresses the needs of the chemical sciences community for a high-brightness, tunable source covering a broad region of the infrared spectrum -- from 3 to 50 {mu}m. All of these sources, together with a variety of sophisticated experimental stations, will be housed in a new building to be located adjacent to the ALS. The radiation sources can be synchronized to permit powerful two-color, pump-probe experiments that will further our fundamental understanding of chemical dynamics at the molecular level, especially those aspects relevant to practical issues in combustion chemistry. The technical approach adopted in this design makes use of superconducting radiofrequency (SCRF) accelerating structures. The primary motivation for adopting this approach was to meet the user requirement for wavelength stability equal to one part in 10{sup 4}. Previous studies concluded that a wavelength stability of only one part in 10{sup 3} could be achieved with currently available room-temperature technology. In addition, the superconducting design operates in a continuous-wave (cw) mode and hence offers considerably higher average optical output power. It also allows for various pulse-gating configurations that will permit simultaneous multiuser operations. A summary of the comparative performance attainable with room-temperature and superconducting designs is given. The FEL described in this report provides a continuous train of 30-ps micropulses, with 100{mu}J of optical energy per micropulse, at a repetition rate of 6.1 MHz. The device can also deliver pulses at a cw repetition rate of 12.2 MHz, with a peak power of 50 {mu}J per micropulse. 70 ref.

Vaughan, D. (comp.)

1992-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

1  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Cirrus Extinction and Lidar Ratio Derived from Raman Cirrus Extinction and Lidar Ratio Derived from Raman Lidar Measurements at the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program Southern Site D. Petty and J. Comstock Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Richland, Washington D. Tuner Space Science Engineering Center, University of Wisconsin-Madison Madison, Wisconsin Introduction Range resolved microphysical properties and extinction coefficient in cirrus clouds are critical for assessing the impact of cirrus on climate. Vertical profiles of cirrus extinction are important parameters for radiative flux and heating rate calculations. The extinction-to-backscatter ratio (also called lidar ratio) provides information on the transmission and reflection properties of cirrus clouds and also on the

290

DOE's NREL and LLNL team with NOAA and University of Colorado...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

gathered wind and turbulence data using commercial platforms, including a specialized laser called a Windcube LIDAR and a sonic detection and ranging (SODAR) system, the...

291

Slide 1  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Ground-based Lidar Measurements of Aerosols and Clouds During CLASICCHAPS Funded by NASA HQ Science Mission Directorate Radiation Sciences Program Funded by Department of...

292

NASA multipurpose airborne DIAL system and measurements of ozone and aerosol profiles  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An airborne differential absorption lidar (DIAL) system has been developed for the remote measurement of gas and aerosol profiles in the troposphere and lower stratosphere. The...

Browell, E V; Carter, A F; Shipley, S T; Allen, R J; Butler, C F; Mayo, M N; Siviter, J H; Hall, W M

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

HSRL mass estimate based on CALIPSO  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

OBSERVATIONS FROM THE NASA LANGLEY AIRBORNE HIGH SPECTRAL RESOLUTION LIDAR AND PLANS FOR ACTIVE-PASSIVE AEROSOL-CLOUD RETRIEVALS Chris A. Hostetler, Richard A. Ferrare, John W....

294

Slide 1  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

from the High Spectral Resolution Lidar (HSRL) Observations from CHAPS Funded by NASA HQ Science Mission Directorate Radiation Sciences Program Funded by Department of...

295

E-Print Network 3.0 - airborne ground penetrating Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

In case of opaque human- made features like buildings, only one return pulse... the penetration rate of a lidar beam within the canopy. In urban areas, buildings totally...

296

S. Crewell  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

the ARM Mobile Facilities deployment in the Black forest, Germany, additional microwave radiometers and lidars were operated in the Murg Valley in order to Microwave radiometry and...

297

Arterial Traffic Activity Estimation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

F. Moosmann and C. Stiller, "Velodyne slam," in IntelligentMoosmann, O. Pink, and C. Stiller, "Segmentation of 3d lidar

Yang, Qichi

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

E-Print Network 3.0 - above-ground biomass derived Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

biomass estimates from lidar. Forest above- ground biomass... that the height of medium energy returns (RH50) is better related to above- ground biomass than the height at...

299

E-Print Network 3.0 - atmospheric aerosol processes Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of Applied Science Collection: Environmental Sciences and Ecology 3 Arctic-Winter Climatology and Radiative Effects of Clouds and Aerosols Based on Lidar and Radar Measurements...

300

Untitled  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

clouds to observations from space-borne lidar Maike Ahlgrimm, ECMWF; David A. Randall, Colorado State University; Martin Khler, ECMWF The Integrated Forecasting System's...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "micropulse lidar mpl" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

CHARACTERIZATION OF A GEIGER-MODE AVALANCHE PHOTODIODE DETECTOR FOR  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CHARACTERIZATION OF A GEIGER-MODE AVALANCHE PHOTODIODE DETECTOR FOR HIGH SPECTRAL RESOLUTION LIDAR................................................................................................ 20 3.2 Operation principles of an avalanche photodiode.................................. 22 3

Eloranta, Edwin W.

302

E-Print Network 3.0 - atmospheres thin atmospheres Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Physics, Simon Fraser University Collection: Physics 7 Arctic-Winter Climatology and Radiative Effects of Clouds and Aerosols Based on Lidar and Radar Measurements at PEARL...

303

ARM - Field Campaign - Fall 1997 Cloud IOP  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

- MMCR, Lidar, Sunphotometer Research Participants: - Eugene Clothiaux, Roger Marchand, & Dean Houck Campaign Data Sets IOP Participant Data Source Description Final Data...

304

E-Print Network 3.0 - airborne acoustical noise Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

and lidar sensors. Consequently, the methodology for instru- ment calibration, noise reduction... in the data processing sequence. For an acoustic system, ambient ... Source:...

305

Photonic Sensing Technology in the Energy Sector  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A review of photonic sensing technologies based on spectroscopic, fiber optics, and LIDAR technologies used in energy sector for measurement and monitoring applications in wind, oil...

Mendez, Alexis

306

NETL F 451.1/1-1, Categorical Exclusion Designation Form  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Division 2013-2014 10112 - 93014 Darin Damiani Multiple sites, Multiple states Optimization of Reservoir Storage Capacity in Different Depositional Environments LIDAR and...

307

X:\\ARM_19~1\\4264.FRT  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

absorption lidar DISORT discrete ordinate radiative transfer DMSP Defense Meteorological Satellite Program DOE U.S. Department of Energy DVN daytime versus nighttime DWR dual...

308

March 14, 2011 NIST Aerosol Metrology Workshop Optical Properties: The Global  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

are difficult without involving satellite measurements Correspondence with satellite measurements require. Improved regional forecasts of both weather and air quality #12;GAW Aerosol Lidar Observation Network

309

Impact of Vaisala Radiosonde Humidity Corrections on ARM IOP...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

dry bias in Vaisala radiosonde humidity measurements has been noted in comparison to satellite water vapor retrievals (Soden and Lanzante 1996) and Raman lidar measurements...

310

E-Print Network 3.0 - advanced imaging techniques Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Photogrammetry Advanced Photogrammetric Techniques Ayman F. Habib 25 LiDAR cloud Image patch... and intensity images Raw point cloud Linear Features Extraction Advanced...

311

E-Print Network 3.0 - asarate hararati dar Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Sample Questions Summary: ENGO 531: Advanced Photogrammetric and Ranging Techniques Sample Questions 1 of 2 Chapter 4: LiDAR... Mapping 1. What are the main differences...

312

ARM - Evaluation Product - Cloud and Vertical Velocity Statistics...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

dlprofwstats1newsom.c1 Directory Organization subdirectories Citations ARM Doppler Lidar Handbook, DOESC-ARM-TR-101, http:www.arm.govpublicationstechreportshandbooks...

313

ARM - Field Campaign - SUbsonic Aircraft: Contrail & Cloud Effects...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Point of Contact Campaign Data Sets IOP Participant Data Source Description Final Data Beal ASD Spectrometer Order Data Halthore CIMEL Order Data Mace Polarization Lidar...

314

Computer simulations of the Rocketdyne/Stanford FEL experiment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Rocketdyne-Stanford FEL experiment is analyzed using Rocketdyne's three-dimensional steady-state wave-optics FEL code FELOPT and the one- and two-dimensional time-dependent codes RAFEL and TWOFEL. The results of simulations based on experimental parameters are presented. The oscillator is a stable near-concentric resonator with an optical waist radius of about 0.07 cm in the center of the 2-m wiggler; the peak current is 25 A, the energy spread is less than 0.5 percent, and the micropulse length is 3 ps. 11 references.

Cover, R.A.; Stone, J.P.; Bhowmik, A.

1987-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Fusion of multiple image types for the creation of radiometrically-accurate synthetic scenes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fusion of multiple image types for the creation of radiometrically-accurate synthetic scenes-in-the-loop requirements for many aspects of synthetic hyperspectral scene construction. Through a fusion of 3D lidar data: lidar, hyperspectral, fusion, DIRSIG, building reconstruction, synthetic scene 1 INTRODUCTION Over

Kerekes, John

316

BOSTON UNIVERSITY GRADUATE SCHOOL OF ARTS AND SCIENCES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in climate change and remote sensing studies. He introduced me to the lidar remote sensing technique, which of other scientists working on vegetation lidar remote sensing. I am honored to have Drs. Davis, Phillips in the exchange of heat, momentum, water, and carbon between the land surface and the atmosphere. The rates

Myneni, Ranga B.

317

0.5 m Telescope Computer Adjustable  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Our objective is to demonstrate a new method of remotely determining ice water content in cirrus:17 - 02:41 (GMT) Altitude (km) LidarRawSignal(Power) Combined NFOV Signal Molecular NFOV Signal Combined AWFOV Signal Molecular AWFOV Signal Measured Lidar returns Inverted Aerosol Inverted Molecular Cirrus

Eloranta, Edwin W.

318

ARM - Instrument - rl  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

govInstrumentsrl govInstrumentsrl Documentation RL : Handbook RL : Instrument Mentor Monthly Summary (IMMS) reports RL : Data Quality Assessment (DQA) reports ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : Raman Lidar (RL) Beneficiary of Recovery Act funding. Instrument Categories Aerosols, Atmospheric Profiling Picture of the Raman Lidar (RL) Picture of the Raman Lidar (RL) General Overview The Raman Lidar (RL) is an active, ground-based laser remote sensing instrument that measures vertical profiles of water-vapor mixing ratio and several cloud- and aerosol-related quantities. Lidar (light detection and ranging) is the optical analog of radar, using pulses of laser radiation to probe the atmosphere. This system is fully computer automated, and will run

319

High resolution properties of the marine atmospheric boundary layer  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) participated in the Central Equatorial Pacific Experiment (CEPEX) by fielding a water-vapor Raman lidar on board the Research Vessel Vickers. The lidar measured water vapor concentration from the surface to lower tropospheric altitudes in order to support the CEPEX goal of evaluating a hypothesis regarding feedback mechanisms for global circulation models. This report describes some of the features observed within the marine Atmospheric Boundary Layer (ABL) and the lower troposphere. Data was collected continuously 24 hours per day over the equatorial Pacific from March 8th to March 2 1st of 1993 while in route between Guadalcanal and Christmas Island (the transect was at approximately 2{degree} south latitude). The lidar collected vertical transects of water vapor concentration up to 10 km during night operations and 4 km in the day. The vertical lidar profiles of water vapor were produced by summing the data over a period up to 600 seconds. The water-vapor Raman lidar measured the properties of the marine ABL as well as the lower and mid-troposphere. From the lidar water vapor profiles, ``images`` of water vapor concentration versus altitude and date or sea surface temperature will be produced along with other products such as latent heat fluxes. The Raman water vapor lidar data will be used to better understand the role of transport and exchange at the ocean-atmosphere interface and throughout the marine atmosphere.

Cooper, D.; Cottingame, W.; Eichinger, W.; Forman, P.; Lebeda, C.; Poling, D.; Thorton, R.

1994-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

ARM - Publications: Science Team Meeting Documents  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Intial Results from an Automated High Spectral Resolution Lidar Intial Results from an Automated High Spectral Resolution Lidar Eloranta, E.W., University of Wisconsin-Madison Fourteenth Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Science Team Meeting An automated High Spectral Resolution Lidar constructed at the University of Wisconsin is nearly ready for an Arctic deployment. It is designed for remote operation as an Internet appliance requiring only minimal onsite attention. The system is currently installed in our roof top laboratory and is operating continuously as part of an extended shakedown test. Several months of data have been collected and archived on our web site (see arctic HSRL at "lidar.ssec.wisc.edu"). A web interface to browse and visualize data is provided along with tools to generate calibrated plots of

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While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

ARM - Publications: Science Team Meeting Documents  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Lidar Remote Sensing of Cirrus Clouds at the Southern Great Plains Site: Lidar Remote Sensing of Cirrus Clouds at the Southern Great Plains Site: Comparisons of Extinction and Backscatter Coefficients Derived Using Raman and Backscatter Lidar Technique Comstock, J.M.(a), Fu, Q.(b), Turner, D.D.(c), and Ackerman, T.P.(a), Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (a), Department of Atmospheric Sciences, University of Washington (b), University of Wisconsin/Pacific Northwest National Laboratory(c) Twelfth Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Science Team Meeting Horizontal and vertical inhomogeneity of cirrus clouds is an important issue in radiation modeling and the representation of cirrus clouds in general circulation models (GCMs). Lidar remote sensing is a useful tool for determining the vertical structure of cirrus clouds. Backscatter

322

ARM_Mayor_Poster_FINAL5.ai  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Raman-shifted Eye-safe Aerosol Lidar (REAL) Raman-shifted Eye-safe Aerosol Lidar (REAL) Shane Mayor, Scott Spuler, Bruce Morley National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) Boulder, Colorado 3 March 2006 00:16:12 UTC 2 km 4 km T-REX: March-April 2006 T-REX The NCAR REAL is available for use. Please contact shane@ucar.edu or go to www.lidar.ucar.edu 1km 2km 1km 2km Dry BG Wet MS2 BACKSCATTER INTENSITY DEPOLARIZATION RATIO Dry BG Wet MS2 1.54-microns wavelength, rapid-scanning, eye-safe, aerosol lidar CHATS: March-June 2007 Independence, CA Dixon, CA Dugway Proving Ground, UT REAL v2 for urban aerosol plume search & track Present REAL Developments at NCAR Goal: distinguish wet and dry biological aerosol releases with depol sensitivity Goal: observe wave & rotor structure Under a tech-transfer licensing agreement

323

Research Highlight  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Influence of Humidified Aerosols on Lidar Depolarization Below Influence of Humidified Aerosols on Lidar Depolarization Below Ice-Precipitating Arctic Clouds Download a printable PDF Submitter: Fridlind, A. M., NASA - Goddard Institute for Space Studies van Diedenhoven, B., NASA - Goddard Institute for Space Studies Area of Research: Cloud Distributions/Characterizations Working Group(s): Cloud Life Cycle Journal Reference: van Diedenhoven B, AM Fridlind, and AS Ackerman. 2011. "Influence of humidified aerosol on lidar depolarization measurements below ice-precipitating Arctic stratus." Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 50(10), doi:10.1175/JAMC-D-11-037.1. Correlated MMCR radar reflectivities and DABUL lidar depolarizations below cloud base calculated with a reasonably low number of large, coarse-mode

324

Microsoft PowerPoint - ferrare_STM_2009_poster [Compatibility...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Anthony Cook 1 , David Harper 1 , Ray Rogers 1 , Mike Obland 1 , Haf Jonsson 5 , Larry Berg 4 HSRL measurements acquired over SGP Raman lidar on June 12, 2007 during DOE CHAPS...

325

The single pixel GPS: learning big data signals from tiny coresets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present algorithms for simplifying and clustering patterns from sensors such as GPS, LiDAR, and other devices that can produce high-dimensional signals. The algorithms are suitable for handling very large (e.g. terabytes) ...

Feldman, Dan

326

Eye-safe single-frequency single-mode polarized all-fiber pulsed laser with peak power of 361??W  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An all-fiber, single-frequency, single-mode linearly polarized, high peak power pulsed laser at 1540nm for coherent Doppler wind lidar is demonstrated. A narrow-linewidth seed...

Zhang, Xin; Diao, Weifeng; Liu, Yuan; Zhu, Xiaopeng; Yang, Yan; Liu, Jiqiao; Hou, Xia; Chen, Weibiao

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Beyond 10 Km Range wind-speed measurement with a 1.5 m all-fiber laser source  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We report the development of a high power single-frequency all-fiber laser for long-range wind speed measurement. The laser source has been integrated in a Lidar architecture and we...

Renard, William; Goular, Didier; Valla, Matthieu; Planchat, Christophe; Augere, Beatrice; Dolfi-Bouteyre, Agnes; Besson, Claudine; Canat, Guillaume

328

Tuesday, March 24, 2009 POSTER SESSION I: SEEING IS BELIEVING  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for Future Planetary Missions [#2078] A flash LIDAR instrument is being developed by Ball Aerospace for NEO remote sensing applications. Sobron P. Freeman J. J. Wang A. Field Test of the Water-Wheel IR (WIR

Rathbun, Julie A.

329

Journal of Animal Ecology 2006  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Water Intake Structures B & M Nakato * ** Study of Frazil-Ice for Wisconsin Electric's Power Plant near of CASES-99 Lidar Data Army Eichinger ** Development of a Web-Based Virtual Fluids Lab ATAC Eichinger

He, Fangliang

330

IIHR--HYDROSCIENCE & ENGINEERING COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Water Intake Structures B & M Nakato * ** Study of Frazil-Ice for Wisconsin Electric's Power Plant near of CASES-99 Lidar Data Army Eichinger ** Development of a Web-Based Virtual Fluids Lab ATAC Eichinger

Stanier, Charlie

331

Phase Insensitive Frequency Modulation Sensor for Long Distance CO2 Monitoring  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We report a long distance CO2 monitoring LIDAR using phase insensitive Two-Tone Frequency Modulation (TTFM) over 1.4km. We could detect 1ppm single pass CO2...

Wu, Sheng; Deev, Andrei

332

Goulden Equipment and Facilities Lab: 1400 ft2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(Sorval RC 5C, etc). Instruments for in-situ remote sensing: (2) FLIR thermal cameras, (2) JAI VIS fluorescence, (1) Ocular Robotics scanning LIDAR, misc pan-tilt mounts (FLIR D100 and D48), computers, software

Kimball, Sarah

333

E-Print Network 3.0 - airborne sunphotometer airborne Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

CALNEX AND CARES Chris... (LaRC) airborne high spectral resolution lidar (HSRL) on the NASA B-200 aircraft measured aerosol... distribution of aerosols and to provide the vertical...

334

ARM - Publications: Science Team Meeting Documents  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

NASAGSFC Scanning Raman Lidar Measurements of Water Vapor and Cirrus Clouds During WVIOP2000 and AFWEX Whiteman, D.N.(a), Evans, K.D.(b), Di Girolamo, P.(c), Demoz, B.B.(b),...

335

Aerial reconstructions via probabilistic data fusion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this thesis we propose a probabilistic model that incorporates multi-modal noisy measurements: aerial images and Light Detection and Ranging (LiDAR) to recover scene geometry and appearance in order to build a 3D ...

Cabezas, Randi

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Influence of stand and site conditions on the quality of digital elevation models underlying New Zealand forests  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

When aerial LiDAR data is used to construct Digital Elevation Models (DEMs) under vegetation, DEM quality will invariably suffer due to attenuation of the laser pulses by the land cover. Although the ratio of ...

Michael S Watt; Thomas Adams; Pete Watt

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

8, 28492862, 2008 Equatorial Kelvin  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-campaigns in the tropics have been conducted in the recent years with two different LIDAR systems at Paramaribo in Suriname EGU On the basis of observational data obtained in Paramaribo, Suriname we showed recently that cirrus

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

338

Airborne CO2 DIAL measurement of atmospheric tracer gas concentration distributions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An airborne differential absorption lidar system employing high-energy line-tunable CO2 lasers has been used to map cross-plume vertical distributions resulting from a...

Uthe, Edward E

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

JUNE 13, 2013 AUDIT REPORT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

System HTV H-II Transfer Vehicle ISS International Space Station LIDAR Light Detection and Ranging OIG-016 Final report released by: Paul K. Martin Inspector General Acronyms ATV Automated Transfer Vehicle CDR

340

ARM - Publications: Science Team Meeting Documents  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

feedback of cirrus clouds on the Earths climate. We use a unique, year-long dataset of water vapor mixing ratio inferred from ground-based Raman lidar measurements at...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "micropulse lidar mpl" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

2009 BBC Project Activity Univ. of Washington  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(PI) / Sean McDonald (Post- Doc) Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit Molluscan Study Over, seismic surveys, and geophysical surveys, and LiDAR. However, while the Seattle fault has been well mapped

Washington at Seattle, University of

342

Tropospheric Emissions: Monitoring of Pollution  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, O3 lidar) R.B. Pierce NOAA/NESDIS Co-I AQ modeling, data assimilation R. Spurr RT Solutions, Inc. Co geostationary communications satellite with expected ~2019 launch Provides hourly daylight observations

Jacob, Daniel J.

343

A Synergistic Analysis of Cloud Cover and Vertical Distribution from A-Train and Ground-Based Sensors over the High Arctic Station Eureka from 2006 to 2010  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Active remote sensing instruments such as lidar and radar allow one to accurately detect the presence of clouds and give information on their vertical structure and phase. To better address cloud radiative impact over the Arctic area, a combined ...

Yann Blanchard; Jacques Pelon; Edwin W. Eloranta; Kenneth P. Moran; Julien Delano; Genevive Sze

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

Aerial Photography At Dixie Valley Geothermal Area (Helton, Et...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Fallon Geothermal Exploration Project. Notes High resolution LiDAR and 1:12000 scale low-sun-angle aerial photography was used in southern Dixie Valley to help better characterize...

345

Thin Cloud Length Scales Using CALIPSO and CloudSat Data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Thin clouds are the most difficult cloud type to observe. The recent availability of joint cloud products from the active remote sensing instruments aboard CloudSat and the Cloud-Aerosol Lidar and Infrared Pathfinder Satellite (CALIPSO) facilitates...

Solbrig, Jeremy E.

2010-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

346

ARM - Recovery Act  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

being replaced with the new up-to-date models. Meanwhile, the Doppler lidar represents a brand new measurement capability for the facility, enabling 3D mapping of turbulence...

347

Power spectrum and fractal dimension of laser backscattering from the ocean  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We flew an airborne lidar perpendicular to the coastline along straight-line transects that varied in length between 230 and 280 km. The sample spacing was ?3m, so we sampled almost...

Churnside, James H; Wilson, James J

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

Scattering Properties of Oriented Hexagonal Ice Crystals  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

To interpret the data from spaceborn lidar measurements, one must have a basic understanding of the backscattering of oriented ice particles. The conventional raytracing method is not applicable to the scattering of light by oriented particles...

Zhang, Feng

2010-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

349

ARM - Facility News Article  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Improve Reliability Bookmark and Share The Raman Lidar is an active, ground-based laser remote sensing instrument that measures vertical profiles of water-vapor mixing ratio and...

350

ARM - Publications: Science Team Meeting Documents  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Cloud Cover and Phase During Arctic Winter from DABul Lidar Guest, P. Preliminary Surface Heat Budget Results from SHEBA Guo, Y.-R. Assimilation of ARM WVIOP-96 Data with the...

351

Stop 1. Bastendorff Beach Figure 11. Navigation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

stretches of dune or bluffbacked beach bounded by rocky headlands that extend into water that is deep and accuracy that current Oregon Lidar Consortium data, they are sufficiently accurate in the relatively flat

352

Sea-Level Rise, El Nio, And The Future Of The California Coastline  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Projected future coastal flood inundation maps using NOAAsProjected future coastal flood inundation map for the SantaBarbaras potential future flood elevations, 2010 LiDAR data

Russell, Nicole Lian

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

Post-fire Tree Establishment Patterns at the Subalpine Forest-Alpine Tundra Ecotone: A Case Study in Mount Rainier National Park  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

imagery and 2003 aerial photography to map 33 years of changes in arboreal vegetation. I created detailed maps of abiotic variables from a LIDAR-based DEM and biotic variables from classified remotely sensed data. I linked tree establishment patterns...

Stueve, Kirk M.

2010-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

354

ARM - Facility News Article  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

October 25, 2010 [Facility News] October 25, 2010 [Facility News] Testing Underway for New Doppler Lidars Bookmark and Share Two of the three new Doppler lidars are shown here during testing at the Southern Great Plains site in October. Two of the three new Doppler lidars are shown here during testing at the Southern Great Plains site in October. To improve climate models, the scientific community needs accurate and routine measurements of atmospheric winds with high vertical and temporal resolution under clear-air conditions. In particular, measurements of clear-air vertical air velocities will compliment in-cloud vertical velocity measurements from existing 35 and 95 gigahertz ARM cloud radars. In response to this need, three new Doppler lidars were purchased with funds from the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act and began a test

355

The Environment of Precipitating Shallow Cumulus Convection  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Quantitative estimates of precipitation in a typical undisturbed trade wind region are derived from 2 months of radar reflectivity data and compared to the meteorological environment determined from soundings, surface flux, and airborne-lidar ...

Louise Nuijens; Bjorn Stevens; A. Pier Siebesma

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Measuring a Utility-Scale Turbine Wake Using the TTUKa Mobile Research Radars  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Observations of the wake generated by a single utility-scale turbine and collected by the Texas Tech University Ka-band mobile research radars on 27 October 2011 are introduced. Remotely sensed turbine wake observations using lidar technology have ...

Brian D. Hirth; John L. Schroeder; W. Scott Gunter; Jerry G. Guynes

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Quantification of Salt Marsh Carbon Stocks: Integration of Remote Sensing Data and Techniques with Field Measurements  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in this study show the capability of remote sensing data for the characterization of salt marsh terrain and vegetation heights and the estimation of above-ground biomass quantities. The best biomass prediction models using lidar heights reported considerably...

Kulawardhana, Ranjani W

2013-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

358

Definition: Telluric Survey | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Telluric Survey Telluric Survey Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Telluric Survey Telluric currents, or earth currents, are generated through electromagnetic induction processes due to natural, passive geomagnetic micropulsations. The measurement of telluric currents enables determination of the strata thickness and resistivity profile with depth.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition A telluric current (from Latin tellūs, "earth"), or Earth current, is an electric current which moves underground or through the sea. Telluric currents result from both natural causes and human activity, and the discrete currents interact in a complex pattern. The currents are extremely low frequency and travel over large areas at or near the surface of Earth. References

359

Characterization and Suppression of the Electromagnetic Interference Induced Phase Shift in the JLab FEL Photo - Injector Advanced Drive Laser System  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The drive laser for the photo-cathode gun used in the JLab Free Electron Laser (FEL) facility had been experiencing various phase shifts on the order of tens of degrees (>20{sup o} at 1497 MHz or >40ps) when changing the Advanced Drive Laser (ADL) [2][3][4] micro-pulse frequencies. These phase shifts introduced multiple complications when trying to setup the accelerator for operation, ultimately inhibiting the robustness and overall performance of the FEL. Through rigorous phase measurements and systematic characterizations, we determined that the phase shifts could be attributed to electromagnetic interference (EMI) coupling into the ADL phase control loop, and subsequently resolved the issue of phase shift to within tenths of a degree (<0.5{sup o} at 1497 MHz or <1ps). The diagnostic method developed and the knowledge gained through the entire process will prove to be invaluable for future designs of similar systems.

F. G. Wilson, D. Sexton, S. Zhang

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Improving electron beam quality of the Boeing free electron laser  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The successful operation of any free electron laser (FEL) is critically dependent upon electron beam quality. In a radiofrequency (rf) accelerator the micropulse or instantaneous beam emittance and peak current is established by the injector, however, it is important to maintain this beam's quality as it is accelerated and transported to the wiggler. In the past year, work has continued to enhance the electron beam of the Boeing FEL. The previous year's improvements in levelling the gun charge during the macropulse and rf power flatness were reported in the 1989 FEL conference. More recent work has concentrated upon the rf master oscillator and electron beam transport, which have lead to reduced macropulse energy spread, as well as decreased position and angle jitter. Also some electron beam diagnostics have been upgraded. The result has been lower macropulse emittance at the entrance to the wiggler.

D.H. Dowell; M.L. Laucks; A.R. Lowrey; M. Bemes; A. Currie; P. Johnson; K. McCrary; J. Adamski; D.R. Shoffstall; A.H. Lumpkin; R.L. Tokar

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "micropulse lidar mpl" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

The penetration rate of laser pulses transmitted from a small-footprint airborne LiDAR: a case study in closed canopy, middle-aged pure sugi (Cryptomeria japonica D. Don) and hinoki cypress (Chamaecyparis obtusa Sieb. et Zucc.) stands in Japan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Penetration rates of laser pulses transmitted from a small-...Chamaecyparis obtusa Sieb. et Zucc.) and sugi (Cryptomeria japonica...D. Don) plantations that had similar levels of canopy openness were studied. The...

Tomoaki Takahashi; Kazukiyo Yamamoto; Yosuke Miyachi

2006-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

Effective potential of a black hole in thermal equilibrium with quantum fields  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Expectation values of one-loop renormalized thermal equilibrium stress-energy tensors of free conformal scalars, spin-1/2 fermions, and U(1) gauge fields on a Schwarzschild black hole background are used as sources in the semiclassical Einstein equation. The back reaction and new equilibrium metric have been found at O(?) for each spin field in previous work. In this paper, the nature of the modified black hole spacetime is explored through calculations of the effective potential for null and timelike orbits. Significant novel features affecting the motions of both massive and massless test particles show up at lowest order in ?=(MPl/M)2<1, where M is the black hole mass, and MPl is the Planck mass. Specifically, we find an increase in the black hole capture cross sections, and the existence of a region near the black hole with a repulsive contribution, generated by the U(1) back reaction, to the gravitational force. There is no such effect for other spins. Extrapolating our results suggests a tendency towards the formation of stable circular orbits, but the result cannot be established in O(?): the change in the metric becomes large and it changes its signature. We also consider the back reaction arising from multiple fields, which ultimately should be useful for treating a black hole in equilibrium with field ensembles belonging to gauge theories. In certain circumstances, however, reliable results will require calculations beyond O(?).

David Hochberg; Thomas W. Kephart; James W. York; Jr.

1994-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

364

Planckian Axions in String Theory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We argue that super-Planckian diameters of axion fundamental domains can naturally arise in Calabi-Yau compactifications of string theory. In a theory with $N$ axions $\\theta^i$, the fundamental domain is a polytope defined by the periodicities of the axions, via constraints of the form $-\\pi\\sqrt{N}$. This result is robust in the presence of $P>N$ constraints, while for $P=N$ the diameter is further enhanced by eigenvector delocalization to $N^{3/2}f_N$. We directly verify our results in explicit Calabi-Yau compactifications of type IIB string theory. In the classic example with $h^{1,1}=51$ where parametrically controlled moduli stabilization was demonstrated by Denef et al. in [1], the largest metric eigenvalue obeys $f_N \\approx 0.013 M_{pl}$. The random matrix analysis then predicts, and we exhibit, axion diameters $>M_{pl}$ for the precise vacuum parameters found in [1]. Our results provide a framework for achieving large-field axion inflation in well-understood flux vacua.

Bachlechner, Thomas C; McAllister, Liam

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Section 79  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

7 7 Performance of the Mini-MOPA, CO Doppler, 2 Cloud Lidar at CART J. M. Intrieri and W. L. Eberhard NOAA, Environmental Technology Laboratory Boulder, Colorado W. A. Brewer Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences University of Colorado/NOAA, Environmental Technology Laboratory Boulder, Colorado Introduction The Environmental Technology Laboratory (ETL) mini- Master Oscillator Power Amplifier (MOPA) Doppler lidar was successfully deployed and demonstrated during the Southern Great Plains (SGP) Cloud and Radiation Testbed (CART) 1996 Spring Intensive Observation Period (IOP). The project objective was to develop and demonstrate a bread-board version of a CO Doppler lidar (operating in the 2 thermal infrared [IR]) that could eventually be engineered as

366

ARM - Publications: Science Team Meeting Documents: University of Wisconsin  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

University of Wisconsin High Spectral Resolution Lidar operations during University of Wisconsin High Spectral Resolution Lidar operations during MPACE Eloranta, Edwin University of Wisconsin The Arctic High Spectral Resolution Lidar(AHSRL) operated at the North Slope ARM site as part of MPACE from 24-Sept-04 to 17-Nov-04. Data was archived 24-hours/day for the entire period with only minor interruptions: One day data was lost due to a problem in the laser cooling system, and one-half of a day was lost due to an electrical power failure at the site. All of the data is archived on our web site and can be accessed using web routines which process data on demand. This allows users to specify the exact time and altitude range of the data they wish acquire and to specify both the temporal and spatial averaging which is most appropriate for their

367

Section 22  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

9 9 Raman Lidar Installed at Southern Great Plains Cloud and Radiation Testbed Site for Profiling Atmospheric Water Vapor, Aerosols, and Clouds J.E.M. Goldsmith, S. E. Bisson, and F. H. Blair Sandia National Laboratories Livermore, California We have developed a ruggedized Raman lidar system that a LabVIEW-based program; after the operator responds to a resides permanently at the Southern Great Plains (SGP) Cloud few dialog boxes during system start-up, no further operator and Radiation Testbed (CART) site, providing vertical attention is required. profiles of water vapor, aerosols, and clouds. The CART Raman Lidar was delivered to the site on September 13, 1995, The system is housed in a seatainer, a metal shipping con- and became operational on September 19, in time to support

368

ARM - VAP Product - 10rlprofdep1turn  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

rlprofdep1turn rlprofdep1turn Documentation Data Management Facility Plots (Quick Looks) Citation DOI: 10.5439/1027252 [ What is this? ] Generate Citation ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Example 10rlprofdep1turn Data Plot Example 10rlprofdep1turn data plot VAP Output : 10RLPROFDEP1TURN 10-minute Raman Lidar: aerosol depolarization profiles and single layer cloud optical depths from first Turner algorithm Active Dates 1998.03.01 - 2013.12.28 Originating VAP Process Raman LIDAR Vertical Profiles : RLPROF Description The primary goal of the Raman Lidar Profiles - Depolarization Ratio (RLPROF_DEP) VAP is to produce linear depolarization ratio profiles. Linear depolarization is defined as the ratio of the cross-polarized return to the

369

Section 7  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

A One-Year Cloud Climatology Derived from the Micro Pulse Lidar G. G. Mace Department of Meteorology, University of Utah Salt Lake City, Utah E. E. Clothiaux and T. P. Ackerman Department of Meteorology, Pennsylvania State University University Park, Pennsylvania J. D. Spinhirne and V. S. Scott NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Greenbelt, Maryland Abstract A cloud detection algorithm that attempts to identify all of the significant power returns from the vertical column above the micro pulse lidar at all times was applied to one year of micro pulse lidar data collected at the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Southern Great Plains (SGP) central facility near Lamont, Oklahoma. The results of this analysis are presented, and the

370

ARM - VAP Process - rlprof  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Productsrlprof Productsrlprof Documentation & Plots Technical Report Data Management Facility Plots (Quick Looks) ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send VAP : Raman LIDAR Vertical Profiles (RLPROF) Instrument Categories Aerosols, Atmospheric Profiling, Derived Quantities and Models Rlprof data flow diagram Rlprof data flow diagram Data flowchart for the RLPROF family. (Larger image available.) The Raman lidar automatically attempts to reoptimize the position of the laser beam in the detector's field-of-view every few hours (this is required for most narrow field-of-view lidar systems). However, this can introduce alignment artifacts in the narrow field-of-view data due to the way the detection channels are arranged on the optical bench. A suite of

371

ARM - Publications: Science Team Meeting Documents  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AERI-Lidar Retrievals of Ice Cloud Physical Properties, Including the First AERI-Lidar Retrievals of Ice Cloud Physical Properties, Including the First Estimates of Photon Tunneling Contributions to Absorption Mitchell, D.L.(a) and DeSlover, D.H.(b), Desert Research Institute (a), Cooperative Institute for Meteorological Satellite Studies, University of Wisconsin (b) Twelfth Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Science Team Meeting The Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI) and the High Spectral Resolution Lidar (HSRL) have been used to determine the spectral dependence of alpha in the window region (8.5-12.5 micron wavelength), where alpha is the ratio of optical depth at a visible wavelength to infrared absorption optical depth for a cirrus cloud. Using alpha and cloud emissivity measurements, it is generally possible to retrieve effective

372

ferrare-99.PDF  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

CART Raman Lidar Retrievals of Aerosol Extinction CART Raman Lidar Retrievals of Aerosol Extinction and Relative Humidity Profiles R. A. Ferrare National Aeronautics and Space Administration Langley Research Center Hampton, Virginia L. A. Heilman Science Applications International Corporation/ National Aeronautics and Space Administration Langley Research Center Hampton, Virginia D. D. Turner Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Richland, Washington W. F. Feltz University of Wisconsin Madison, Wisconsin Introduction We have developed and recently implemented automated algorithms to retrieve aerosol extinction profiles from the Southern Great Plains (SGP) Cloud and Radiation Testbed (CART) Raman Lidar data acquired during both daytime and nighttime operations. These profiles are important for determining the effects of aerosols on the clear-sky radiative flux, as well as for validating the aerosol retrieval

373

PowerPoint Presentation  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

SIRTA, a French Atmospheric Observatory SIRTA, a French Atmospheric Observatory for Clouds, Aerosols and Water Vapor Institut Pierre Simon Laplace, France H. Chepfer Coordinator : M. Haeffelin (haeffelin@lmd.polytechnique.fr) Contributors : C. Boitel, D. Bouniol, M. Chiriaco, P. Drobinski, J-L. Dusfrene, C. Goukenleuque, M. Grall, A. Hodzic, F. Hourdin, F. Lapouge, A Mathieu, P. Minnis, Y. Morille, C. Naud, V. Noel, B. O'Hirok, J. Pelon, C. Pietras, A. Protat, B. Romand, R. Vautard SIRTA : Atmospheric Remote Sensing 25 km south of Paris Palaiseau (48.7 o N, 2.2 o E) SIRTA Instrumentation LIDAR B-scat Lidar (532, 1064) Clouds, aerosols properties 1999 Ceilometer (KNMI) Cloud, BL Height 2002 IR Doppler Lidar (10.6 mm) 3D Wind 1999

374

ARM - Publications: Science Team Meeting Documents  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Raman Lidar Characterization of the Vertical Variability of Aerosols and Raman Lidar Characterization of the Vertical Variability of Aerosols and Water Vapor Over the SGP Ferrare, R.A. (a), Turner, D.D. (b,g), Brasseur, L.H. (c), Tooman, T.P. (d), Dubovik, O. (e), Goldsmith, J.E.M. (d), Ogren, J.A. (f), and Feltz, W. (g), NASA Langley Research Center (a), Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (b), Science Applications International Corporation/NASA/LaRC (c), Sandia National Laboratories (d), SSAI/NASA Goddard Space Flight Center (e), NOAA Climate Monitoring and Diagnostics Laboratory (f), University of Wisconsin-Madison (g) Eleventh Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Science Team Meeting The automated Southern Great Plains (SGP) Cloud and Radiation Testbed (CART) Raman Lidar routinely measures profiles of water vapor mixing ratio,

375

Section 32  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

1 1 CART Raman Lidar Water Vapor Measurements During the ARM 1996 Water Vapor IOP D. D. Turner Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Richland, Washington J.E.M. Goldsmith Sandia National Laboratories Livermore, California Introduction Raman Lidar Calibration The first in a series of water vapor intensive operating periods Raman lidar systems detect selected species by measuring the (IOPs) was held during September 1996. These IOPs are wavelength shifted molecular return produced by Raman designed to address the recognized need, both within and scattering from the chosen molecules as a function of time outside the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) since the laser's pulse. The ratioing of the water vapor and community, to improve the state-of-the-art in water vapor

376

P:\JODI\P113-137.WPD  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Figure 1. (a) Schematic diagram of idealized Raman Figure 1. (a) Schematic diagram of idealized Raman lidar system. (b) Signals produced by the primary species in the atmosphere. Implementation of Raman Lidar for Profiling of Atmospheric Water Vapor and Aerosols at the Southern Great Plains (SGP) Cloud and Radiation Testbed (CART) Site J.E.M. Goldsmith, F. H. Blair, and S. E. Bisson Sandia National Laboratories Livermore, California Introduction There are clearly identified scientific requirements for con- tinuous profiling of atmospheric water vapor at the Southern Great Plains (SGP) Cloud and Radiation Testbed (CART) site. Research conducted at several laboratories, including our work in a previous Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Instrument Development Project, has demonstrated the suitability of Raman lidar for

377

1  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Recent Progress in CART Raman Lidar Measurements Recent Progress in CART Raman Lidar Measurements J. E. M. Goldsmith and T. P. Tooman Sandia National Laboratories Livermore, California R. A. Ferrare National Aeronautics and Space Administration Langley Research Center Hampton, Virginia D. D. Turner (a) Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Richland, Washington Introduction The Cloud and Radiation Testbed (CART) Raman Lidar was developed to provide continuous, automated vertical profiling of atmospheric water vapor, aerosols, and clouds. The system was delivered to the Southern Great Plains (SGP) CART site on September 13, 1995, and became operational on September 19, 1995. Routine operation of the system was delayed due to early laser reliability problems, but system reliability has increased dramatically with weekly uptimes in excess of

378

arm_stm_2008_borg_cirrus_poster.ppt  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Cirrus Cloud Characterization Cirrus Cloud Characterization with Raman Lidar Measurements at Southern Great Plains Lori Borg, David Turner, Robert Holz, David Tobin, Bob Knuteson, Leslie Moy, Daniel DeSlover, Ed Eloranta, Hank Revercomb (PI) Altitude [km] Radar + Lidar Heating Rate [deg/day] Altitude [km] Radar Heating Rate [deg/day] Altitude [km] MMCR Radar Reflectivity [dBZ] (color) with Lidar Boundaries (black) SGP Cirrus Case Study: 11/08/2005 18:00UTC - 11/11/2005 12:00 UTC Lori Borg, lori.borg@ssec.wisc.edu Introduction: Cirrus clouds play a significant role in the energy budget of the atmosphere and represent a major source of uncertainly in understanding climate and climate change. A large part of this uncertainty lies in the modeling of the cloud, which requires assumptions and

379

1  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Lidar-Based Retrievals of the Microphysical Properties of Lidar-Based Retrievals of the Microphysical Properties of Mixed-Phase Arctic Stratus Clouds and Precipitation G. de Boer and E. Eloranta The University of Wisconsin Madison, Wisconsin Abstract The University of Wisconsin Arctic High Spectral Resolution Lidar has acquired months of continuous measurements in two high Arctic locations. These measurements have been combined with those taken by a National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration - Environmental Technological Laboratory millimeter wave cloud radar to establish a long-range data set of cloud microphysical property retrievals. These properties include effective particle size, number density, and water content. Examples from this data set for arctic stratus are reviewed here, along with the methodology used in the retrievals.

380

Method for tracking the location of mobile agents using stand-off detection technique  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method for tracking the movement and position of mobile agents using light detection and ranging (LIDAR) as a stand-off optical detection technique. The positions of the agents are tracked by analyzing the time-history of a series of optical measurements made over the field of view of the optical system. This provides a (time+3-D) or (time+2-D) mapping of the location of the mobile agents. Repeated pulses of a laser beam impinge on a mobile agent, such as a bee, and are backscattered from the agent into a LIDAR detection system. Alternatively, the incident laser pulses excite fluorescence or phosphorescence from the agent, which is detected using a LIDAR system. Analysis of the spatial location of signals from the agents produced by repeated pulses generates a multidimensional map of agent location.

Schmitt, Randal L. (Tijeras, NM); Bender, Susan Fae Ann (Tijeras, NM); Rodacy, Philip J. (Albuquerque, NM); Hargis, Jr., Philip J. (Albuquerque, NM); Johnson, Mark S. (Albuquerque, NM)

2006-12-26T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "micropulse lidar mpl" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

ARM - Publications: Science Team Meeting Documents  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

A High Spectral Resolution Lidar for the Arctic - A Progress Report A High Spectral Resolution Lidar for the Arctic - A Progress Report Eloranta, E.W., Razenkov, I., Kuehn, R., Holz, R., Hedrick, J., and Garcia, J., University of Wisconsin-Madison Twelfth Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Science Team Meeting The University of Wisconsin is constructing a High Spectral Resolution Lidar for deployment in the Arctic. It is designed to operate as an internet appliance and require minimal attention from an onsite attendent. It will provide continuous well calibrated profiles of optical depth, cloud phase and backscatter cross sections. Deployment at the Point Barrow ARM facility is proposed. This poster will describe progess to date. Initial testing has demonstrated that the shared transmitter/reciever telescope design functions properly. While this approach eliminates alignment

382

Research Highlight  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Cloud Observations at Niamey During the AMF Deployment Cloud Observations at Niamey During the AMF Deployment Submitter: Kollias, P., McGill University Area of Research: Cloud Distributions/Characterizations Working Group(s): Cloud Properties Journal Reference: Kollias, P. and M. A. Miller, 2007: Cloud and Precipitation Observations at Niamey During the 2006 ARM Mobile Facility Deployment. Submitted to Geophysical Research Letters. Daily observed cloud fraction in Niamey during the AMF deployment. The cloud fraction is derived using measurements from the 94-GHz radar, the MPL, and the ceilometer. The vertical resolution is 260 m, and a 5-day temporal filter is applied to the daily cloud fraction profiles. (a) Monthly-averaged cloud and precipitation fraction. The monthly mean and standard deviation of cirrus cloud top (white line), middle cloud tops

383

Constraining Lorentz violations with Gamma Ray Bursts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Gamma ray bursts are excellent candidates to constrain physical models which break Lorentz symmetry. We consider deformed dispersion relations which break the boost invariance and lead to an energy-dependent speed of light. In these models, simultaneously emitted photons from cosmological sources reach Earth with a spectral time delay that depends on the symmetry breaking scale. We estimate the possible bounds which can be obtained by comparing the spectral time delays with the time resolution of available telescopes. We discuss the best strategy to reach the strongest bounds. We compute the probability of detecting bursts that improve the current bounds. The results are encouraging. Depending on the model, it is possible to build a detector that within several years will improve the present limits of 0.015 m_pl.

Maria Rodriguez Martinez; Tsvi Piran

2006-05-17T23:59:59.000Z

384

Strict Limit on CPT Violation from Polarization of Gamma-Ray Bursts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report the strictest observational verification of CPT invariance in the photon sector, as a result of gamma-ray polarization measurement of distant gamma-ray bursts (GRBs), which are brightest stellar-size explosions in the universe. We detected the gamma-ray polarization of three GRBs with high significance, and the source distances may be constrained by a well-known luminosity indicator for GRBs. For the Lorentz- and CPT-violating dispersion relation E_{\\pm}^2=p^2 \\pm 2\\xi p^3/M_{Pl}, where \\pm denotes different circular polarization states of the photon, the parameter \\xi is constrained as |\\xi|

Kenji Toma; Shinji Mukohyama; Daisuke Yonetoku; Toshio Murakami; Shuichi Gunji; Tatehiro Mihara; Yoshiyuki Morihara; Tomonori Sakashita; Takuya Takahashi; Yudai Wakashima; Hajime Yonemochi; Noriyuki Toukairin

2012-11-09T23:59:59.000Z

385

Research Highlight  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Classifying Cloud Phase Classifying Cloud Phase Download a printable PDF Submitter: Shupe, M., University of Colorado Area of Research: Cloud Distributions/Characterizations Working Group(s): Cloud Properties Journal Reference: Shupe, MD. 2007. "A ground-based multisensory cloud phase classifier." Geophysical Research Letters 34, L22809, doi:10.1029/2007GL031008. Observations of (a) lidar backscatter, (b) lidar depolarization ratio, (c) radar reflectivity, (d) radar mean Doppler velocity, (e) radar Doppler spectrum width, (f) microwave radiometer-derived liquid water path, and (g) the resulting multisensor cloud-phase classification mask. Cloud phase identification is a necessary prerequisite to performing cloud property retrievals from remote sensor measurements. Most retrieval

386

1  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Raman Lidar at Southern Great Plains: New Measurement Capabilities D. Petty and J. Comstock Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Richland, Washington D. Turner Space Science and Engineering Center University of Wisconsin Madison, Wisconsin J. Goldsmith Sandia National Laboratory Livermore, California Z. Wang University of Wyoming Laramie, Wyoming Introduction The Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program (ARM) Raman Lidar (CARL) was designed and deployed for the purpose of collecting a long-term observational data set that can be used to study and improve the understanding of processes that affect atmospheric radiation and the description of these processes in climate models [1]. It operates as an unattended, turn-key system for profiling tropospheric

387

Slide 1  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

and Amanda Bares and Amanda Bares Electrical and Computer Engineering, Cobleigh Halll Room 610, Montana State University, Bozeman, MT, 59717 Development and deployment of a compact eye-safe scanning differential absorption lidar (DIAL) for spatial mapping of carbon dioxide for monitoring/verification/accounting at geologic sequestration sites Project Number: DE-FE0001156 U.S. Department of Energy National Energy Technology Laboratory Carbon Storage R&D Project Review Meeting Developing the Technologies and Building the Infrastructure for CO 2 Storage August 21-23, 2012 * Program and Project Benefits * Technical Status - Brief Introduction to differential absorption lidar (DIAL) - DIAL instrument description - Experimental results * Program accomplishments and summary

388

Discussion Motivation  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Remote Sensors Summary Remote Sensors Summary * Instrumental capabilities * Scientific capabilities * Scientific needs * Measurement / community challenges and requirements Airborne Remote Sensors Summary (1) * Instrumental Capabilities: - Many active remote sensors (single- and multi-λ radar and lidar, polarization sensitive, elastic and molecular lidars) - Solar and IR radiation measurements (radiance and irradiance [direct and diffuse], broadband and spectrally resolved, polarized) - Microwave radiometers - Imagers - Small and large - Many different airframes - Various levels of maturity. Airborne Remote Sensors Summary (2) * Scientific Capabilities: - Location of cloud and aerosol layers - Profiles of aerosol extinction, backscatter, and polarization - Cloud extinction profiles for τ < 3 - Cloud phase determination

389

A study of a dual polarization laser backscatter system for remote identification and measurement of water pollution  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with Experi- mental Data for the Depolarization Ratios from Gasoline and Kerosene on Turbid Water . . . . , . . . . . . . . . 101 XV ~Fi ure A-1 Lidar Polarimeter Electronic Control Unit ~Pa e 116 A-2 A-3 Lidar Polarimeter Electronic Connec- tions... for verti- cal transmit polarization is given by y?'?= F(TI)(l ? eXp(-2N p, L)) 2Pr (III- 10) Several observations can be made about (III-10) con- cerning the magnitude of the volume reflection coefficient relative to the mean depth L and the volume...

Sheives, Thomas Carlyle

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

390

Microsoft Word - rl_handbook_v3_ARM-TR-038.doc  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

8 8 Raman Lidar (RL) Handbook March 2009 R. K. Newsom Work supported by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, Office of Biological and Environmental Research R. K. Newsom, March 2009, DOE/SC-ARM/TR-038 iii Contents 1. General Overview ............................................................................................................................... 1 2. Contacts ............................................................................................................................................... 1 2.1 Mentor ....................................................................................................................................... 1 2.2 Instrument Developer ................................................................................................................ 1

391

Session: Site assessment (CS4.4) Track: Scientific  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in horizontal focus distances. Results: Half hour periods as functions of direction show that the wind speed observed as it was expected. Conclusion: We can measure profiles with a LiDAR both of the mean wind speed, the wind direction, and, with more uncertainty, the momentum flux in vertical scanning mode and simple

392

Prof. David Matthiesen, Ph.D. Faculty Director  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

capacity installed as of the end of 2011 and over 8,300 MW currently under construction in the U The WERC Center facilities include: A. Natural Power ZephIR · LiDAR wind measurement system B. NPS North

Rollins, Andrew M.

393

Hindawi Publishing Corporation Advances in Meteorology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the Impact of Doppler Wind Lidar (DWL) Measurements on the Numerical Simulation of a Tropical Cyclone Lei of the DWL three-dimensional wind profile observations on the numerical simulation and prediction of tropical simulation and prediction of tropical cyclones. Other studies also indicated that including SSM/I wind

Pu, Zhaoxia

394

Environmental Processes, Social Perspectives and Economic Valuations of the Coast  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

when we decided to storm chase in Matagorda 48 hrs prior to a disastrous hurricane with expensive LIDAR equipment in his brother?s car; ? Jace Stukey for trusting us with his car in Matagorda 48 hrs prior to a disastrous hurricane; ? Mark...

Williams, Amy M.

2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

395

Fast and Extensible Building Modeling from Airborne Qian-Yi Zhou  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fast and Extensible Building Modeling from Airborne LiDAR Data Qian-Yi Zhou University of Southern@graphics.usc.edu ABSTRACT This paper presents an automatic algorithm which recon- structs building models from airborne Li LiDAR(light detection and ranging), building modeling, seg- mentation, building footprints 1

Southern California, University of

396

Sean C. Ahearn, Ph.D. Department of Geography Hunter College, The Doctoral Program in Earth and Environmental  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and potential applications of high density LiDAR data for the City of New York" , Proceedings American Society Research". $409,000. 2. US Department of Energy. 2010-11. Co-PI. "NYC Solar Map", Directed development and Environmental Sciences, City University of New York; and Director: Center for Advanced Research of Spatial

Frei, Allan

397

Agenda for 2014 Meeting of MSRL March 3-7, 2014  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the Niobrara shale: Bob Loucks 9:00 AM Tuscaloosa marine shale: organic matter pore and oil generation: Jiemin continuity from Lidar imaging: Boquillas Fm, West Texas: Greg Frebourg · CH4 Adsorption on Oil-Bearing Shales 2:00 PM Application of HIM analysis in shale characterization: JJ Yang (Zeiss) 2:30 PM

Texas at Austin, University of

398

Curriculum Vitae Sagar Prasad Parajuli SAGAR PRASAD PARAJULI  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

development and agricultural roads (DoLIDAR), Lalitpur, Nepal Surveyed, designed and implemented infrastructure projects in buildings, water supply, agricultural roads and trail bridges at local level as per PROFESSIONAL/TECHNICAL TRAININGS SimaPro: Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) Software Mar. 2011 Masdar Institute, Abu

Yang, Zong-Liang

399

Ris-R-Report Flow distortion on boom mounted cup  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of this magnitude are severely problematic in the measurement of wind turbine power performance, wind resource assessment and for providing purposeful in-field comparisons between different sensors, e.g. lidar: References: 9 Information Service Department Risø National Laboratory for Sustainable Energy Technical

400

Atmos. Chem. Phys., 8, 40194026, 2008 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/8/4019/2008/  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

been conducted in recent years with two different LIDAR systems at Paramaribo (5.8 N, 55.2 W), Suriname at Paramaribo (5.8 N, 55.2 W), Suriname we showed recently that cirrus clouds form in situ and effectively

Meskhidze, Nicholas

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "micropulse lidar mpl" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Arctic Air Pollution: Origins and Impacts  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...boreal forest fires may also be important...boreal forest fire emissions or possible...Equinox (TOPSE) airborne campaign clearly...measured by airborne lidar, during deployments...estimates for the fraction of ozone originating...related to the rapid release of bromine radicals...boreal forest fire emissions...

Kathy S. Law; Andreas Stohl

2007-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

402

7,511,624 Wind Energy Overview: Device for monitoring the balance and integrity of wind turbine blades either in  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

oscillations (including imbalances and tracking variations) in wind turbine blades. This technology was tested covering the RPM rate of any wind turbine blade. This invention directly targets the operational monitoring://tto.montana.edu/technologies Technology Available for License In-Field LIDAR Monitoring and Manufacturing Control of Wind Turbine Montana

Maxwell, Bruce D.

403

Polytechnic School of Engineering 6 MetroTech Center  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

:%Hyperspectral,%RADAR,%LIDAR,%Gravity,%Magne8c,%... ManhaHan%in%the%Thermal%IR 199&Water&Street% Built%1993%::%998,000%sq%k% electricity,%natural%gas%must%be%beHer%for%global%issues% · Individual%ci8es%need%to%be%"best"%for%compe88veness%in%talent,% capital,%...% ­ Be

Tanaka, Jiro

404

Ann. Geophys., 24, 807821, 2006 www.ann-geophys.net/24/807/2006/  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

smaller and less absorbing population of particles with a lidar ratio of 20 sr. Mixing of polluted air of aerosol. The extinction-to-backscatter ratio deter- mined on the 30 August 2003 at Thessaloniki evolution and was not mixed with the boundary layer aerosols mainly originating from local pollution

405

Passive Tomography of Turbulence Strength Marina Alterman1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

expensive. Turbulence significantly affects the efficiency of wind turbine #12;2 M. Alterman, Y. Y), wind, and atmospheric stability. This is measured using special Doppler lidars [9, 31], which are very. Schechner, M. Vo and S. G. Narasimhan farms [31], hence optimizing turbines and farms involves measuring TS

Sheikh, Yaser Ajmal

406

Landslide Inventory in the Area of Dubra?ina River Basin (Croatia)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Systematic landslide mapping was performed for an area of 9.35 km2 of the geomorphological unit of hills in the Dubra?ina River Basin. Based on the visual interpretation of LiDAR imagery, supplemented by field re...

Petra ?omlija; Sanja Bernat

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Annual Report of the EURATOM/CCFE Fusion Programme 2009/10 8 ITER Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and building to start in 2010. Fusion for Energy (F4E), the European domestic agency, which has to deliver and the ancillary buildings was completed at Cadarache in the south of France, and is now ready for excavations cyclotron resonance heating (ICRH) system; · Neutral beam injection system; · Core LIDAR Thompson scattering

408

Combined CloudSatCALIPSOMODIS retrievals of the properties of ice clouds  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

March 2010; published 21 July 2010. [1] In this paper, data from spaceborne radar, lidar and infrared radiometers on the "ATrain" of satellites are combined in a variational algorithm to retrieve ice cloud the impact of the microphysical assumptions on the algorithm when radiances are not assimilated by evaluating

Hogan, Robin

409

Seasonal variations of semidiurnal tidal perturbations in mesopause region temperature and zonal and meridional winds above  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.1029/2007JD009687. 1. Introduction [2] Solar thermal tides are global-scale waves that dom- inate to conserve wave energy. When propagating into the MLT region, the horizontal wind tidal amplitude can reach with fluorescence lidar's advantages of high temporal and spatial resolution and the capability of full diurnal

410

Increasing output energy from a passively Q-switched Er:glass laser  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

designators, laser range finders, wind metrology, LIDARs, and communication [8­10]. Passive Q- switches have many advantages over active ones. These include low cost, compact size and weight, robustness, and high are passively Q-switched, only the lowest spatial mode can develop. Attempts to increase the pump power in order

Friesem, Asher A.

411

Deposiiopn(g*m-2) Overview of the Project ChArMEx activities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Combines the most recent work on emissions of primary aerosol and trace gas aerosol precursors: http, aerosol chemistry (AMS, bulk aerosol filter and cascade impactor samples), and aerosol physics (number angle provides a particle nature index Lidar network assimilation test From 9 July 2012, 06 UT on, 9

Menut, Laurent

412

From sedimentary records to sediment budgets: Multiple approaches to catchment sediment flux  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

From sedimentary records to sediment budgets: Multiple approaches to catchment sediment flux.M., Germany Abstract This paper reviews the traditional approach to sediment budget studies in geomorphology sensing (LiDAR), geophysics and sediment-based dating techniques for flux rate estimation. The precision

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

413

Bioluminescence in a complex coastal environment: 1. Temporal dynamics of nighttime water-leaving radiance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in intensity and spectral quality of water-leaving radiance provide suitable ranges for assessing detection light, which often leads to brilliant displays in the wakes of ships, in breaking waves, or even around method (as opposed to active methods such as RADAR or LIDAR) of identifying hostile ships, submarines

Moline, Mark

414

Biogeosciences, 9, 179191, 2012 www.biogeosciences.net/9/179/2012/  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and spaceborne LiDAR in Lop�e National Park, Gabon: overcoming problems of high biomass and persistent cloud E. T, California, USA 3Agence Nationale des Parcs Nationaux, Libreville, Gabon 4School of Natural Sciences, Libreville, Gabon 6Earth and Biosphere Institute, School of Geography, University of Leeds, UK 7Grantham

Lefsky, Michael

415

High-power Er:YAG laser for coherent laser radar  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We report the development of a high-power Er:YAG laser with high pulse energy for coherent lidar wind sensing. The 1.645 um Er:YAG laser produced a Q-switched pulse energy of 16 mJ...

Stoneman, Robert C; Malm, Andrew I R

416

Effectsof ice-crystal structure on halo formation: cirrus cloud  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Effectsof ice-crystal structure on halo formation: cirrus cloud experimental and ray campaign, four 220halo-producing cirrus clouds were studied jointly from a ground- based polarization lidar of the aircraft, which collecteda total of 84slides byimpaction, preserving the ice crystals for later microscopic

Takano, Yoshihide

417

Session: Poster Session + Poster Award + Scientific Award + Excellent young wind doctor award (PO.202) Track: Technical  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

tower-mounted instruments. Typical turbine hub heights are now in excess of 70m. For such machinesSession: Poster Session + Poster Award + Scientific Award + Excellent young wind doctor award (PO.202) Track: Technical COMMERCIAL LIDAR PROFILERS FOR WIND ENERGY. A COMPARATIVE GUIDE. (abstract

418

CX-100075: Categorical Exclusion Determination  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

Unobtrusive Multi-static Serial LiDAR Imager (UMSLI) for Wide-area Surveillance and Identificaiton of Marine Life at MHK Installations Award: DE-EE0006787 CX(s) Applied: A9, B3.6 Water Power Program Date: 09/23/2014 Location(s): Florida Office(s): Golden Field Office

419

The Interruption of Alpine Foehn by a Cold Front. Part I: Observations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

propagation speed wf 1 m/s Inclination of the frontal surface is wf /uf 1/7.5 8° Freitag (1990 in valleys Interaction with local winds (e.g., foehn) foehn cold front Cold front in complex terrain ? ? #12 in Inn and Wipp Valley Temperature slope profile Doppler wind lidar in Wipp Valley #12;6 of 13 Case study

Gohm, Alexander

420

Session: Poster Session + Poster Award + Scientific Award + Excellent young wind doctor award (PO.206) Track: Technical  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Session: Poster Session + Poster Award + Scientific Award + Excellent young wind doctor award (PO the erection of masts equipped with calibrated cup or sonic anemometers. In order to reduce costs associated, the mean horizontal wind speed measured with a LiDAR shows very good comparison to cup anemometers. However

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "micropulse lidar mpl" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Light Scattering by Ice Crystals and Mineral Dust Aerosols in the Atmosphere  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of cirrus clouds is demonstrated and explained theoretically, which provides guidance in the calibration algorithm for 1.064-m channel on the Calipso lidar. Dust aerosols have no particular morphology. To develop an approach to modeling the optical...

Bi, Lei

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

422

Shape-induced gravitational sorting of Saharan dust during transatlantic voyage: Evidence from CALIOP  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Shape-induced gravitational sorting of Saharan dust during transatlantic voyage: Evidence from of Saharan dust from June to August 2007. Observing along a typical transatlantic dust track, we find that (1 of Saharan dust during transatlantic voyage: Evidence from CALIOP lidar depolarization measurements, Geophys

Kostinski, Alex

423

First estimates of mass concentrations from Eyjafjll over The Netherlands using PCA on  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

First estimates of mass concentrations from Eyjafjöll over The Netherlands using PCA on multi The Netherlands a limit has been proposed of 1 mg m-3. Here, we present preliminary results from Raman lidar measurements made in central Netherlands. A first estimate of the maximum mass loading that occurred over

Graaf, Martin de

424

A Study on the Effect of Nudging on Long-Term Boundary Layer Profiles of Wind and Weibull Distribution Parameters in a Rural Coastal Area  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

By use of 1 yr of measurements performed with a wind lidar up to 600-m height, in combination with a tall meteorological tower, the impact of nudging on the simulated wind profile at a flat coastal site (Hvsre) in western Denmark using the ...

S.-E. Gryning; E. Batchvarova; R. Floors

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Cassandra Wheeler Univ. of Colorado Department of Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences (ATOC)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on the energy budget NOAA's Contribution: Remotely observe cloud layers and environmental conditions Svalbard, Norway 85 °N 0 °E Greenland Location: 87°N Duration: 1 Aug ­15 Sept 2008 Platform : Swedish Icebreaker Oden #12;Ka-Band Radar S-Band Radar Wind Profiler Scanning Radiometer Lidar Ceilometer 2-Channel

426

Gravity waves in the arctic mesosphere during the MaCWAVE/MIDAS summer rocket program  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

wavelength consistent with the mean wind gradient, but it is unclear whether it was a single wave and energy that drives a mean meridi- onal circulation in the mesosphere and lower thermosphere, causing the Andøya Rocket Range in northern Norway with ground-based lidar and radar measurements from the nearby

427

EXTENSION OF AN AUTOMATIC BUILDING EXTRACTION TECHNIQUE TO AIRBORNE LASER SCANNER DATA CONTAINING DAMAGED BUILDINGS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EXTENSION OF AN AUTOMATIC BUILDING EXTRACTION TECHNIQUE TO AIRBORNE LASER SCANNER DATA CONTAINING DAMAGED BUILDINGS F. Tarsha-Kurdi a , M. Rehor b , T. Landes a , P. Grussenmeyer a , H.-P. Bähr b-peter.baehr)@ipf.uni-karlsruhe.de KEY WORDS: Laser scanning, LIDAR, Point Cloud, DSM, Segmentation, Extraction, Building, Disaster

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

428

Tracking Dynamic Boundary Fronts using Range Sensors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

are being deployed for real-time monitoring applica- tions, such as detecting leakage of hazardous material location whereas in the latter approach a sensor finds approximate distance to a remote location where degrees and gather reflec- tivity and wind velocity information. Lidars (LIght Detection and Ranging

Ramamritham, Krithi

429

Fast surface temperature measurement of Teflon propellant-in-pulsed ablative discharges using HgCdTe photovoltaic cells  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

High-speed mercury cadmium telluride photovoltaic detectors, sensitive to infrared emission, are investigated as a means of measuring surface temperature on a microsecond time frame during pulsed ablative discharges with Teflon trade mark sign as the ablated material. Analysis is used to derive a governing equation for detector output voltage for materials with wavelength dependent emissivity. The detector output voltage is experimentally calibrated against thermocouples embedded in heated Teflon. Experimental calibration is performed with Teflon that has been exposed to {approx}200 pulsed discharges and non-plasma-exposed Teflon and is compared to theoretical predictions to analyze emissivity differences. The diagnostic capability is evaluated with measurements of surface temperature from the Teflon propellant of electric micropulsed plasma thrusters. During the pulsed current discharge, there is insufficient information to claim that the surface temperature is accurately measured. However, immediately following the discharge, the postpulse cooling curve is measured. The statistical spread of postpulse surface temperature from shot to shot, most likely due to arc constriction and localization, is investigated to determine an operational envelope for postpulse temperature and mass ablation. This information is useful for determining postpulse ablation contributions to mass loss as well as evaluation of theoretical discharge models currently under development.

Antonsen, Erik L.; Burton, Rodney L.; Reed, Garrett A.; Spanjers, Gregory G. [University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Illinois 61801 (United States); ERC Inc., Edwards AFB, California 93524 (United States); Air Force Research Laboratory, Space Vehicles Directorate, Kirtland AFB, New Mexico 87117 (United States)

2006-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

430

3-D MAPPING TECHNOLOGIES FOR HIGH LEVEL WASTE TANKS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This research investigated four techniques that could be applicable for mapping of solids remaining in radioactive waste tanks at the Savannah River Site: stereo vision, LIDAR, flash LIDAR, and Structure from Motion (SfM). Stereo vision is the least appropriate technique for the solids mapping application. Although the equipment cost is low and repackaging would be fairly simple, the algorithms to create a 3D image from stereo vision would require significant further development and may not even be applicable since stereo vision works by finding disparity in feature point locations from the images taken by the cameras. When minimal variation in visual texture exists for an area of interest, it becomes difficult for the software to detect correspondences for that object. SfM appears to be appropriate for solids mapping in waste tanks. However, equipment development would be required for positioning and movement of the camera in the tank space to enable capturing a sequence of images of the scene. Since SfM requires the identification of distinctive features and associates those features to their corresponding instantiations in the other image frames, mockup testing would be required to determine the applicability of SfM technology for mapping of waste in tanks. There may be too few features to track between image frame sequences to employ the SfM technology since uniform appearance may exist when viewing the remaining solids in the interior of the waste tanks. Although scanning LIDAR appears to be an adequate solution, the expense of the equipment ($80,000-$120,000) and the need for further development to allow tank deployment may prohibit utilizing this technology. The development would include repackaging of equipment to permit deployment through the 4-inch access ports and to keep the equipment relatively uncontaminated to allow use in additional tanks. 3D flash LIDAR has a number of advantages over stereo vision, scanning LIDAR, and SfM, including full frame time-of-flight data (3D image) collected with a single laser pulse, high frame rates, direct calculation of range, blur-free images without motion distortion, no need for precision scanning mechanisms, ability to combine 3D flash LIDAR with 2D cameras for 2D texture over 3D depth, and no moving parts. The major disadvantage of the 3D flash LIDAR camera is the cost of approximately $150,000, not including the software development time and repackaging of the camera for deployment in the waste tanks.

Marzolf, A.; Folsom, M.

2010-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

431

Research Highlight  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

"Radiance Assimilation" Correction Method Improves Water Vapor Radiosonde "Radiance Assimilation" Correction Method Improves Water Vapor Radiosonde Observations in the Upper Troposphere Submitter: Soden, B. J., University of Miami Area of Research: General Circulation and Single Column Models/Parameterizations Working Group(s): Cloud Modeling Journal Reference: Soden, B.J., D.D. Turner, B.M. Lesht, and L.M. Miloshevich (2004), An analysis of satellite, radiosonde, and lidar observations of upper tropospheric water vapor from the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program, J. Geophys. Res., 109, D04105, doi:10/1029/2003JD003828. Time-average relative humidity profiles from both original (black) and radiance-adjusted (blue) radiosonde soundings compared to the lidar (red) retrievals from field campaigns in 1996, 1997, 1999, and 2000.

432

Research Highlight  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Continuous Dataset of Water Vapor Measurements Throws Water on Assumptions Continuous Dataset of Water Vapor Measurements Throws Water on Assumptions of Cirrus Cloud Formation Submitter: Comstock, J. M., Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Area of Research: Cloud Distributions/Characterizations Working Group(s): Cloud Properties Journal Reference: Comstock, J. M., T. P. Ackerman, and D. D. Turner, 2004: Evidence of high ice supersaturation in cirrus clouds using ARM Raman lidar measurements. Geophys. Res. Letters, doi:10.1029/2004GL019705. To illustrate their findings, a continuous nine-hour segment of Raman lidar measurements showed upper tropospheric RHI measurements ranging from 120% near cloud tops and decreasing to about 70% at cloud base. To study the link between water vapor, cirrus cloud formation (homogenous and heterogenous) mechanisms, and their potential climatic impacts,

433

ARM - Datastreams - dlrhi  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Datastreamsdlrhi Datastreamsdlrhi Documentation Data Quality Plots Citation DOI: 10.5439/1046188 [ What is this? ] Generate Citation ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Datastream : DLRHI Doppler LIDAR Range-Height Indicator scan Active Dates 2011.07.21 - 2012.03.31 Measurement Categories Aerosols, Cloud Properties Originating Instrument Doppler Lidar (DL) Measurements Only measurements considered scientifically relevant are shown below by default. Show all measurements Measurement Units Variable Altitude above mean sea level m alt Backscattered radiation Attenuated backscatter 1/(m sr) attenuated_backscatter ( time, range ) Azimuth relative to true north degrees azimuth ( time ) Base time in Epoch seconds since 1970-1-1 0:00:00 0:00 base_time

434

zuev(1)-99.PDF  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Statistical Characteristics of One- and Two-Layer Statistical Characteristics of One- and Two-Layer Cloudiness Based on Laser Sounding Data V. V. Zuev, V. D. Burlakov, and A. V. El'nikov Institute of Atmospheric Optics Tomsk, Russia Introduction Earlier lidar observations of the middle- and high-level clouds, conducted as part of the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program, frequently revealed a significant relationship between the cloud layers, including those located at different atmospheric levels. At the same time, current models of solar radiative transfer in two-layer clouds a priori assume a statistical independence of cloud layers; so of primary concern here was to study possible causes for such a relationship and potential conditions for its breakdown. Studies were performed at the Siberian lidar station of the Institute of Atmospheric Optics, and the

435

whiteman-98.pdf  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

9 9 Comparison of Measurements by the NASA/GSFC Scanning Raman Lidar and the DOE/ARM CART Raman Lidar D. N. Whiteman and G. Schwemmer NASA-Goddard Space Flight Center Greenbelt, Maryland D. D. Turner Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Richland, Washington K. D. Evans, B. B. Demoz, S. H. Melfi, M. Cadirola, and S. Wise Joint Center for Earth Systems Technology Baltimore, Maryland R. A. Ferrare NASA-Langley Research Center Hampton, Virginia J. E. M. Goldsmith and T. P. Tooman Sandia National Laboratories Livermore, California Introduction Latent heat transfer through evaporation and condensation of water vapor is the most important energy transport mech- anism in the atmosphere. In addition, water vapor is the most active greenhouse gas. Any global warming scenario

436

Testing a Cloud Condensation Nuclei Remote Sensing Method  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

a Cloud Condensation Nuclei a Cloud Condensation Nuclei Remote Sensing Method S. J. Ghan Climate Dynamics Group Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Richland, Washington Introduction Under certain conditions vertical profiles of cloud condensation nuclei (CCN) spectra can be retrieved from ground-based measurements. Surface measurements of the CCN spectrum are scaled by the ratio of the backscatter (or extinction) profile to the surface backscatter (or extinction). The backscatter (or extinction) profile is measured by Raman lidar, and is corrected to dry conditions using the vertical profile of relative humidity (also measured by Raman Lidar) and surface measurements of the dependence of backscatter (or extinction) on relative humidity. This method should be accurate up to

437

Haef_poster.ppt  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

TOWARDS A GLOBAL CLIMATOLOGY OF OPTICALLY THIN CLOUDS DERIVED FROM TOWARDS A GLOBAL CLIMATOLOGY OF OPTICALLY THIN CLOUDS DERIVED FROM NETWORKS OF GROUND-BASED LIDARS HAEFFELIN M. (1) , DUPONT J-C. (2) , KECKHUT P. (3) , MORILLE Y. (2) , NOËL V. (2) (1)Institut Pierre-Simon Laplace, Paris, FRANCE. (2) Laboratoire de Météorologie Dynamique, Palaiseau, France (3) Service d'Aéronomie, Paris, France CENTRE NATIONAL DE LA RECHERCHE SCIENTIFIQUE (CNRS) Introduction Over 100 Lidar stations can be found around the globe. Only few are equipped with fully automated systems, but several networks have gathered 5-10 years records from routine observations. Lon g time series can be used to derive statistics of cloud vertical distributions clouds and their corresponding optical properties. Regional statistics are compared to Level-2 product retrievals from CALIOP observations

438

X:\ARM_19~1\P283-315.WPD  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Figure 1. Observations of water vapor mixing ratio profiles by the GSFC Scanning Raman Lidar on Figure 1. Observations of water vapor mixing ratio profiles by the GSFC Scanning Raman Lidar on 15 April during the 1994 ARM RCS IOP. Observations of a Cold Front With Strong Vertical Undulations During the ARM RCS-IOP D. O'C. Starr and D. N. Whiteman G. Mace National Aeronautics and Space Administration The Pennsylvania State University Goddard Space Flight Center University Park, Pennsylvania Greenbelt, Maryland S. H. Melfi University of Utah University of Maryland-Baltimore County Salt Lake City, Utah Baltimore, Maryland A. R. Lare Sandia National Laboratories Applied Research Livermore, California Landover, Maryland R. A. Ferrare, B. Demoz, and K. D. Evans Hughes STX Lanham, Maryland K. Sassen S. E. Bisson and J.E.M. Goldsmith Passage of a cold front was observed on the night of

439

Microsoft PowerPoint - KLEIN_ARM_STM08_POSTER.ppt  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

average both SCMs average both SCMs and CRMs underestimate the amount of supercooled water by a factor of 3. Models simulations of ice water path are more consistent with observations. Liquid Water Path Versus Ice Water Path Liquid Water Path Versus Ice Water Path liquid water path (g m -2 ) ice water path (g m -2 ) 171 A = Aircraft S = Radar/Lidar retrievals (Shupe) W = Radar/Lidar retrievals (Wang) Observational Uncertainty Rectangle Symbol Key for Models Symbol Key for Observations LLNL-POST-401952 This work is supported by the Office of Science of the United States Department of Energy as part of the ARM program. This work was performed under the auspices of the U. S. Department of Energy by Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory under contract DE-AC52-07NA27344. Co-Authors Andy Ackerman, Alex Avramov, Gijs

440

Section 88  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

5 5 Scanning Raman Lidar Measurements of Water Vapor and Aerosols During the Tropical Aerosol Radiative Forcing Observational Experiment and the Water Vapor Intensive Operations Period S. H. Melfi and K. D. Evans University of Maryland, Baltimore, Maryland R. A. Ferrare and B. Demoz Hughes STX Corporation, Lanham, Maryland G. Schwemmer, D. Whiteman, and D. O.'C Starr NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Greenbelt, Maryland R. G. Ellingson University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland Introduction The National Aeronautics and Space Administration/Goddard Space Flight Center (NASA/GSFC) Scanning Raman Lidar (SRL) recently participated in two field experiments: TARFOX (Tropospheric Aerosol Radiative Forcing Observational Experiment) held at Wallops Flight Facility in July 1996, and the First Water Vapor Intensive Operations

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "micropulse lidar mpl" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

ARM - Datastreams - dlcal1  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Datastreamsdlcal1 Datastreamsdlcal1 Documentation Data Quality Plots Citation DOI: 10.5439/1025183 [ What is this? ] Generate Citation ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Datastream : DLCAL1 Doppler Lidar - calibration channel 1 Active Dates 2010.10.30 - 2010.12.21 Measurement Categories Aerosols, Cloud Properties Originating Instrument Doppler Lidar (DL) Measurements Only measurements considered scientifically relevant are shown below by default. Show all measurements Measurement Units Variable Altitude above mean sea level m alt Backscattered radiation Attenuated backscatter 1/(m sr) attenuated_backscatter ( time, range ) Azimuth relative to true north degrees azimuth ( time ) Base time in Epoch seconds since 1970-1-1 0:00:00 0:00 base_time

442

Microsoft PowerPoint - ARMST2009.shupeposter.ppt [Compatibility Mode]  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Spring and Fall Arctic Mixed-Phase Clouds: Spring and Fall Arctic Mixed-Phase Clouds: Perspectives from the surface during ISDAC and MPACE Matthew Shupe a , David Turner b , Ed Eloranta b , Pavlos Kollias c p a CIRES - University of Colorado and NOAA/ESRL, b University of Wisconsin- Madison, c McGill University Summary Cloud Boundaries -Cloud top identified using radar, cloud base identified using high spectral resolution lidar or ceilometer. Phase Classification Uses phase specific signatures from radar lidar microwave radiometer and radiosonde measurements (Shupe GRL 2007) Retrieval Methods Analysis involves 6 weeks of single-layer, stratiform, mixed-phase cloud observations from the NSA site during MPACE (Sept-Nov 2004) and ISDAC (April-May 2008)  Similar structure and processes occur in Arctic stratiform

443

Posters Cloud Microphysical and Radiative Properties Measured  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

7 7 Posters Cloud Microphysical and Radiative Properties Measured by Combined Lidar, Radar, and Infrared Radiometer W. L. Eberhard and J. M. Intrieri National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Environmental Technology Laboratory Boulder, Colorado K. P. Chan and G. Feingold Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences Boulder, Colorado also an order of magnitude smaller. These features make simple approximations in scattering calculations adequate for some applications, e.g., Eberhard (1993a). They also provide some unique capabilities, especially the technique described below for measuring drop sizes. One of the four IDP tasks is to characterize cloud signatures obtained by CO 2 lidar. For instance, our earlier work discovered that depolarization from ice particles was almost

444

ARM - Publications: Science Team Meeting Documents  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Water Vapor Profiling During WVIOP#3 and AFWEX2000 Using Ground-Based Water Vapor Profiling During WVIOP#3 and AFWEX2000 Using Ground-Based Differential Absorption Lidar Boesenberg, J. (a), Linne, H. (a), Jansen, F. (a), Ertel, K. (a), Lammert, A. (a), and Wilkerson, T. (b), Max-Planck-Institut fuer Meteorologie, Hamburg (a), Utah State Univerity (b) Eleventh Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Science Team Meeting The differential absorption lidar (DIAL) system of the MPI participated in both the WVIOP#3 and AFWEX2000 experiments. It was operated on 11 days during each experiment for periods up to 12 hours per day. The time slot for these measurements was 12 noon to 2am due to FAA restrictions. The measurements were focussed on the day-night-transition and the following hours during WVIOP#3 and on LASE overflights during AFWEX. The MPI DIAL

445

1  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Aerosol Lidar Validation Experiment - ALIVE Aerosol Lidar Validation Experiment - ALIVE B. Schmid and N.-N. Truong Bay Area Environmental Research Institute Sonoma, California R. Ferrare and M. Clayton National Aeronautics and Space Administration/Langley Research Center Hampton, Virginia D. Turner University of Wisconsin Madison, Wisconsin C. Flynn, A. Mendoza, D. Petty, and L. Roeder Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Richland, Washington B. Cairns and K. Knobelspiesse Columbia University New York, New York R. Dominguez, W. Gore, R. Johnson, and P. Russell National Aeronautics and Space Administration/Ames Research Center Moffett Field, California D. Groff Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program, Southern Great Plains Ponca City, Oklahoma B.R. Herman City University of New York

446

ARM - Datastreams - dlrhi2  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Datastreamsdlrhi2 Datastreamsdlrhi2 Documentation Data Quality Plots Citation DOI: 10.5439/1025188 [ What is this? ] Generate Citation ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Datastream : DLRHI2 Doppler Lidar - Range-Height Indicator #2 Active Dates 2010.10.21 - 2010.11.21 Measurement Categories Aerosols, Cloud Properties Originating Instrument Doppler Lidar (DL) Measurements Only measurements considered scientifically relevant are shown below by default. Show all measurements Measurement Units Variable Altitude above mean sea level m alt Backscattered radiation Attenuated backscatter 1/(m sr) attenuated_backscatter ( time, range ) Azimuth relative to true north degrees azimuth ( time ) Base time in Epoch seconds since 1970-1-1 0:00:00 0:00 base_time

447

ARM - VAP Product - 10rlprofbe1turn  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

turn turn Documentation Data Management Facility Plots (Quick Looks) Citation DOI: 10.5439/1027251 [ What is this? ] Generate Citation ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Example 10rlprofbe1turn Data Plot Example 10rlprofbe1turn data plot VAP Output : 10RLPROFBE1TURN Raman LIDAR (RL): Best-estimate state of the atmos. profiles from RL & AERI+GOES retrievals Active Dates 1998.03.01 - 2004.01.06 Originating VAP Process Raman LIDAR Vertical Profiles : RLPROF Measurements The measurements below provided by this product are those considered scientifically relevant. Aerosol optical depth Aerosol scattering Backscatter depolarization ratio Backscattered radiation Cloud base height Liquid water content

448

ARM - PI Product - Cloud Properties and Radiative Heating Rates for TWP  

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ProductsCloud Properties and Radiative Heating Rates for ProductsCloud Properties and Radiative Heating Rates for TWP Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send PI Product : Cloud Properties and Radiative Heating Rates for TWP 2002.01.01 - 2012.02.08 Site(s) TWP General Description A cloud properties and radiative heating rates dataset is presented where cloud properties retrieved using lidar and radar observations are input into a radiative transfer model to compute radiative fluxes and heating rates at three ARM sites located in the Tropical Western Pacific (TWP) region. The cloud properties retrieval is a conditional retrieval that applies various retrieval techniques depending on the available data, that is if lidar, radar or both instruments detect cloud. This Combined Remote

449

Slide 1  

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Benjamin Soukup, and Amanda Bares Benjamin Soukup, and Amanda Bares Electrical and Computer Engineering, Cobleigh Halll Room 610, Montana State University, Bozeman, MT, 59717 Development and deployment of a compact eye-safe scanning differential absorption lidar (DIAL) for spatial mapping of carbon dioxide for monitoring/verification/accounting at geologic sequestration sites Project Number: DE-FE0001156 U.S. Department of Energy National Energy Technology Laboratory Carbon Storage R&D Project Review Meeting Developing the Technologies and Building the Infrastructure for CO 2 Storage August 20-22, 2013 * Program and Project Benefits * Technical Status - Brief Introduction to differential absorption lidar (DIAL) - DIAL instrument description - Experimental results * Program accomplishments and summary

450

Research Highlight  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Progress in Understanding Water Vapor's Role in Models Progress in Understanding Water Vapor's Role in Models Submitter: Ackerman, T. P., University of Washington Area of Research: General Circulation and Single Column Models/Parameterizations Working Group(s): Cloud Modeling Journal Reference: N/A Time-height cross sections of water vapor mixing ratio, which is observed directly by the ARM Raman lidar at 10-min and approximately 100 m resolution, and relative humidity for 29 November through 2 December 2002. The bottom panel shows the comparison of the precipitable water vapor observed by the Raman lidar and the collocated microwave radiometer. The time-height cross sections, as well as the integrated field, show the large variability in water vapor that exists over the ARM Southern Great Plains site. After years of sustained research efforts into the accuracy of atmospheric

451

20080310arm2008_norfolk_pos.ppt  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Introduction: Introduction: An active remote-sensing using radar and/or lidar can provide the vertical structure of cloud properties. Okamoto et al. [2007] showed the vertical cloud structure over the Pacific Ocean near Japan using radar and lidar on the Research Vessel Mirai during MR01/K02 cruise (May 2001). This study reports the substitute result by a nest-grid simulation using a three dimensional non-hydrostatic model with a spectral bin microphysics for clouds. Model Description: A numerical model for atmospheric dynamics used in this study is based on a multi-purpose non-hydrostatic atmospheric model developed by the Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA-NHM) [Saito et al., 2006]. We replaced the original bulk-type cloud microphysical scheme with a bin-type

452

ARM - Instrument - hsrl  

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govInstrumentshsrl govInstrumentshsrl Documentation HSRL : Instrument Mentor Monthly Summary (IMMS) reports HSRL : Data Quality Assessment (DQA) reports ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : High Spectral Resolution Lidar (HSRL) Beneficiary of Recovery Act funding. Instrument Categories Aerosols, Cloud Properties The High Spectral Resolution Lidar (HSRL ) provides calibrated measurements of aerosol optical depth, volume backscatter coefficient, cross section, and depolarization. Measurements are computed from ratios of the particulate scattering to the measured molecular scattering. This provides absolute calibration and makes the calibration insensitive to dirt or precipitation on the output window. A very narrow, angular field-of-view

453

ARM - Field Campaign - COPS - Initiation of Convection and the  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

govCampaignsCOPS - Initiation of Convection and the Microphysical govCampaignsCOPS - Initiation of Convection and the Microphysical Properties of Clouds in Orographic Terrain Campaign Links AMF Black Forest Deployment Related Campaigns COPS - AOS Intercomparison 2007.08.09, Jefferson, AMF COPS - ADMIRARI at Black Forest 2007.07.30, Battaglia, AMF COPS - University of Cologne Micromet Station 2007.07.23, Schween, AMF COPS - Cloud Microwave Validation Experiment in Support of CLOWD 2007.06.22, Vogelmann, AMF COPS - WILI Coherent Doppler Wind Lidar at Black Forest 2007.05.10, Althausen, AMF COPS - Multi Wavelength Raman Lidar (MWL) at Black Forest 2007.05.10, Althausen, AMF COPS - 35.5 GHz Cloud Radar Comparison at Black Forest 2007.05.01, Handwerker, AMF COPS - HATPRO at Black Forest 2007.04.01, Crewell, AMF COPS - Micro-Rain Radar at Black Forest

454

1  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

NASA/GSFC Scanning Raman Lidar Participation NASA/GSFC Scanning Raman Lidar Participation in WVIOP2000 and AFWEX D. N. Whiteman, B. B. Demoz, and K. D. Evans, National Aeronautics and Space Administration Goddard Space Flight Center Greenbelt, Maryland P. Di Girolamo and D. O'C. Starr, Department of Environmental Engineering and Physics University of Basilicata Potenza, Italy T. Berkoff Goddard Earth Sciences and Technology Center University of Maryland Balitmore, Maryland J. E. M. Goldsmith and T. P. Tooman Sandia National Laboratories Livermore, California J. M. Comstock and D. D. Turner Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Richland, Washington E. V. Browell, R. A. Ferrare, and S. Ismael National Aeronautics and Space Administration Langley Research Center Hampton, Virginia

455

Microsoft Word - ALIVE_ARM2007_kiedron.doc  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Meeting 2007 Meeting 2007 Comparison of aerosol optical depth from passive and active measurements during the 2005 Aerosol Lidar Validation Experiment (ALIVE) at SGP Peter Kiedron 1 , Connor Flynn 2 , Richard Ferrare 3 , Brent Holben 4 , Joseph Michalsky 5 , Beat Schmid 6 and James Slusser 7 1 CIRES/NOAA/Earth System Research Laboratory, peter.kiedron@noaa.gov 2 Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, connor.flynn@pnl.gov 3 NASA Langley Research Center, richard.a.ferrare@nasa.gov 4 NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center, brent@spamer.gsfc.nasa.gov 5 NOAA/Earth System Research Laboratory, joseph.michalsky@noaa.gov 6 Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, beat.schmid@pnl.gov 7 Colorado State University, sluss@uvb.nrel.colostate.edu ABSTRACT: During the Aerosol Lidar Validation Experiment (ALIVE) conducted from Sep 12

456

1  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Refurbishment and Upgrade of the Refurbishment and Upgrade of the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Raman Lidar D.D. Turner Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Richland, Washington J.E.M. Goldsmith Sandia National Laboratories Livermore, California Introduction The Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program (ARM) Climate Research Facility (ACRF) Raman lidar (CARL) is an autonomous, turn-key system that profiles water vapor, aerosols, and clouds throughout the diurnal cycle for days without attention (Goldsmith et al. 1998). CARL was first deployed to the Southern Great Plains CRF during the summer of 1996 and participated in the 1996 and 1997 water vapor intensive operational periods (IOPs). Since February 1998, the system has collected over 38,000 hrs of data (equivalent of almost 4.4 years), with an average monthly uptime of 62% during

457

Section 61  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Retrieval of Cloud Properties from Ground-Based Retrieval of Cloud Properties from Ground-Based Lidar/Radiometer Data C.M.R. Platt, S.A. Young, R.T. Austin, S.C. Marsden, G.R. Patterson, J.A. Bennett, B. Petraitis, and B. Turner CSIRO, Division of Atmospheric Research Aspendale, Victoria, Australia Abstract The retrieval of cloud properties from Lidar/Radiometer data by the LIRAD method is described. Several data sets taken by the CSIRO Division of Atmospheric Research are now available for such retrievals as a result of several major field experiments during the past six years. The LIRAD method is reviewed briefly and its application to the various data sets is described. The data have been obtained at temperatures ranging from +5EC down to -80EC, representing a large fraction of global atmospheric tempera-

458

K. Sassen  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Sassen Sassen Department of Meteorology University of Utah Salt Lake City I UT 84112 companion papers) participated in major field projects to obtain detailed cloud datasets, along with complementary cloud modeling and empirical studies. We describe our progress to date in our main research areas below. Polarization Diversity Lidar (PDL) Development As reviewed at the start of the ARM Program (Sassen 1991), polarization lidar techniques have unique cloud- sensing capabilities, particularly with regard to the unambiguous discrimination of cloud phase and acx:urate determination of cloud boundaries. Various polarization techniques had not been systematically evaluated in the field, but such evaluations could now be facilitated by modern lidardesigns based on high-speed microcomputers

459

ARM - Campaign Instrument - pdlidar  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

govInstrumentspdlidar govInstrumentspdlidar Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign Instrument : Polarization Diversity Lidar (PDLIDAR) Instrument Categories Aerosols, Cloud Properties, Atmospheric Profiling Campaigns CRYSTAL-FACE [ Download Data ] Off Site Campaign : various, including non-ARM sites, 2002.06.26 - 2002.08.01 M-PACE - Polarization Diversity Lidar (PDL) [ Download Data ] North Slope Alaska, 2004.09.01 - 2004.10.21 Remote Cloud Sensing (RCS) Field Evaluation [ Download Data ] Southern Great Plains, 1994.04.01 - 1994.05.31 Primary Measurements Taken The following measurements are those considered scientifically relevant. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers for the list of all available measurements, including those recorded for diagnostic or quality assurance

460

ARM - Datastreams - hsrl  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Datastreamshsrl Datastreamshsrl Documentation Data Quality Plots Citation DOI: 10.5439/1025200 [ What is this? ] Generate Citation ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Datastream : HSRL High Spectral Resolution Lidar Active Dates 2011.01.21 - 2014.01.08 Measurement Categories Aerosols, Cloud Properties Originating Instrument High Spectral Resolution Lidar (HSRL) Measurements Only measurements considered scientifically relevant are shown below by default. Show all measurements Measurement Units Variable Altitude above mean sea level m alt Attenuated molecular return 1/(m sr) atten_beta_r_backscat ( time, range ) Attenuated molecular return 1/(m sr) atten_beta_r_backscatter ( time, range )

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "micropulse lidar mpl" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Reconciling Ground-Based and Space-Based Estimates of the Frequency of Occurrence and Radiative Effect of Clouds around Darwin, Australia  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objective of this paper is to investigate whether estimates of the cloud frequency of occurrence and associated cloud radiative forcing as derived from ground-based and satellite active remote sensing and radiative transfer calculations can be reconciled over a well instrumented active remote sensing site located in Darwin, Australia, despite the very different viewing geometry and instrument characteristics. It is found that the ground-based radar-lidar combination at Darwin does not detect most of the cirrus clouds above 10 km (due to limited lidar detection capability and signal obscuration by low-level clouds) and that the CloudSat radar - Cloud-Aerosol Lidar with Orthogonal Polarization (CALIOP) combination underreports the hydrometeor frequency of occurrence below 2 km height, due to instrument limitations at these heights. The radiative impact associated with these differences in cloud frequency of occurrence is large on the surface downwelling shortwave fluxes (ground and satellite) and the top-of atmosphere upwelling shortwave and longwave fluxes (ground). Good agreement is found for other radiative fluxes. Large differences in radiative heating rate as derived from ground and satellite radar-lidar instruments and RT calculations are also found above 10 km (up to 0.35 Kday-1 for the shortwave and 0.8 Kday-1 for the longwave). Given that the ground-based and satellite estimates of cloud frequency of occurrence and radiative impact cannot be fully reconciled over Darwin, caution should be exercised when evaluating the representation of clouds and cloud-radiation interactions in large-scale models and limitations of each set of instrumentation should be considered when interpreting model-observations differences.

Protat, Alain; Young, Stuart; McFarlane, Sally A.; L'Ecuyer, Tristan; Mace, Gerald G.; Comstock, Jennifer M.; Long, Charles N.; Berry, Elizabeth; Delanoe, Julien

2014-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

Microsoft PowerPoint - ARM2008_poster_mbc_raf [Compatibility Mode]  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

l l d W t V V i bilit N Cl d M d Aerosol and Water Vapor Variability Near Clouds Measured Aerosol and Water Vapor Variability Near Clouds Measured Aerosol and Water Vapor Variability Near Clouds Measured p y b h U d d SGP R Lid by the Upgraded SGP Raman Lidar by the Upgraded SGP Raman Lidar by the Upgraded SGP Raman Lidar by t e Upg aded SG a a da 1 2 3 4 4 Richard Ferrare 1 David Turner 2 Marian Clayton 3 Rob Newsom 4 Chitra Sivaraman 4 Richard Ferrare 1 David Turner 2 Marian Clayton 3 Rob Newsom 4 Chitra Sivaraman 4 Richard Ferrare , David Turner , Marian Clayton , Rob Newsom , Chitra Sivaraman 1 NASA L l R h C t 2 U i it f Wi i M di 3 S i S t d A li ti I 4 P ifi N th t N ti l L b t 1 NASA Langley Research Center 2 University of Wisconsin-Madison 3 Science Systems and Applications Inc 4 Pacific Northwest National Laboratory NASA Langley Research Center University of Wisconsin Madison Science Systems and Applications, Inc.

463

Data/model integration for vertical mixing in the stable Arctic boundary layer  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This is the final report of a short Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) project at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL). Data on atmospheric trace constituents and the vertical structure of stratus clouds from a 1996 expedition to the central Arctic reveal mechanisms of vertical mixing that have not been observed in mid-latitudes. Time series of the altitude and thickness of summer arctic stratus have been observed using an elastic backscatter lidar aboard an icebreaker. With the ship moored to the pack ice during 14 data collection stations and the lidar staring vertically, the time series represent advected cloud fields. The lidar data reveal a significant amount of vertical undulation in the clouds, strongly suggestive of traveling waves in the buoyantly damped atmosphere that predominates in the high Arctic. Concurrent observations of trace gases associated with the natural sulfur cycle (dimethyl sulfide, SO{sub 2}, NH{sub 3}, H{sub 2}O{sub 2}) and aerosols show evidence of vertical mixing events that coincide with a characteristic signature in the cloud field that may be called dropout or lift out. A segment of a cloud deck appears to be relocated from the otherwise quasicontinuous layer to another altitude a few hundred meters lower or higher. Atmospheric models have been applied to identify the mechanism that cause the dropout phenomenon and connect it dynamically to the surface layer mixing.

Barr, S.; ReVelle, D.O.; Kao, C.Y.J.; Bigg, E.K.

1998-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

464

ARCADE - Atmospheric Research for Climate and Astroparticle DEtection  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The characterization of the optical properties of the atmosphere in the near UV, in particular the tropospheric aerosol stratification, clouds optical depth and spatial distribution are common in the field of atmospheric physics, due to aerosol effect on climate, and also in cosmic rays physics, for a correct reconstruction of energy and longitudinal development of showers. The goal of the ARCADE project is the comparison of the aerosol attenuation measurements obtained with the typical techniques used in cosmic ray experiments (side-scattering measurement, elastic LIDAR and Raman LIDAR) in order to assess the systematic errors affecting each method providing simultaneous observations of the same air mass with different techniques. For this purpose we projected a LIDAR that is now under construction: it will use a 355 nm Nd:YAG laser and will collect the elastic and the N2 Raman back-scattered light. For the side-scattering measurement we will use the Atmospheric Monitoring Telescope, a facility owned by the ...

Buscemi, M; Cilmo, M; Coco, M; Ferrarese, S; Guarino, F; Tonachini, A S; Valore, L; Wiencke, L

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

Offshore winds using remote sensing techniques  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Ground-based remote sensing instruments can observe winds at different levels in the atmosphere where the wind characteristics change with height: the range of heights where modern turbine rotors are operating. A six-month wind assessment campaign has been made with a LiDAR (Light Detection And Ranging) and a SoDAR (Sound Detection and Ranging) on the transformer/platform of the world's largest offshore wind farm located at the West coast of Denmark to evaluate their ability to observe offshore winds. The high homogeneity and low turbulence levels registered allow the comparison of LiDAR and SoDAR with measurements from cups on masts surrounding the wind farm showing good agreement for both the mean wind speed and the longitudinal component of turbulence. An extension of mean wind speed profiles from cup measurements on masts with LiDAR observations results in a good match for the free sectors at different wind speeds. The log-linear profile is fitted to the extended profiles (averaged over all stabilities and roughness lengths) and the deviations are small. Extended profiles of turbulence intensity are also shown for different wind speeds up to 161 m. Friction velocities and roughness lengths calculated from the fitted log-linear profile are compared with the Charnock model which seems to overestimate the sea roughness for the free sectors.

Alfredo Pea; Charlotte Bay Hasager; Sven-Erik Gryning; Michael Courtney; Ioannis Antoniou; Torben Mikkelsen; Paul Srensen

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

Increasing pipeline mechanical integrity through the management of mechanical and toughness data  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

On October 22, 1991, prompted by two brittle fractures that initiated after pipe movement events, the Office of Pipeline Safety (OPS) issued an Alert Notice requiring pipeline owners and operators of gas or hazardous liquid pipeline facilities to conduct analyses before moving pipelines, whether or not the pipelines are pressurized at the time of movement. Since most operators have not typically maintained detailed information on the material characteristics of all steel pipelines in operation (i.e. fracture toughness properties), the OPS recommended that samples of new pipe, stock pipe, and pipe removed from service should be tested and the results accumulated into a database. To this end, Marathon Pipe Line (MPL) Company developed an in-house database system to manage mechanical, toughness, and weldability properties of pipeline materials. Marathon`s approach to the management of pipeline toughness and mechanical data is presented herein. During the design phase of a planned pipe movement, such as a line lowering, engineers consult the database for mechanical and toughness information related to the grade, size, and line section of interest. Based on the mechanical and toughness historical data, a safe line lowering condition is recommended. Over the last two years, more than 1,200 sets of data on more than 200 line sections have been entered into the database.

Biagiotti, S.F. Jr. [Marathon Oil Co., Littleton, CO (United States); Battisti, J.A. [Marathon Pipe Line Co., Findlay, OH (United States)

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

Low platinum, high limiting current density of the PEMFC (proton exchange membrane fuel cell) based on multilayer cathode catalyst approach  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Novel multilayer cathode electrodes structures for PEMFC (proton exchange membrane fuel cell) based on sputtering technique were developed to provide high performance with low loading Pt of 0.05mg/cm compared to the standard MEA (membrane electrode assembly) cathode (?0.20.3mg/cm). Different configurations of cathode catalyst layer were made by altering Pt and CN (CarbonNafion) ink carefully prepared on gas diffusion layer containing MPL (micro porous layer). The performances of PEMFC containing the multilayer electrodes were compared based on their measured polarization curves. Higher limiting current densities were achieved compared to standard MEA with platinum loading of 0.2mg/cm both at the cathode and the anode sides. Limiting current densities over 1.1A/cm2, 1.2A/cm2 and 1.4A/cm2 were reached whereas maximum powers were in the range of 500mW/cm at 600mW/cm. The good performances obtained can be due to the structural improvement which has contributed to a better catalyst utilization compared to conventional methods. A CN loading inferior to 0.24mg/cm between each layer is preferred for multilayer electrode.

Daouda Fofana; Sadesh Kumar Natarajan; Jean Hamelin; Pierre Benard

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Can we push the fundamental Planck scale above $10^{19}$ GeV?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The value of the quantum gravity scale is MPl = $10^{19}$ GeV. However, this is inherently a three-dimensional quantity. We know that we can bring this scale all the way down to TeV if we introduce extra dimensions with large volume. This will solve the hierarchy problem by destroying the desert between the electroweak and gravity scales, but will also introduce a host of new problems since some things (e.g. proton stability, neutrino masses etc) have their natural habitat in this desert. In contrast, we can also solve the hierarchy problem by reducing the number of dimensions at high energies. If the fundamental theory (which does not have to be gravity as we understand it today) is lower dimensional, then the fundamental energy scale might be much greater than 1019GeV. Then, some experimental and observational limits (e.g. on Lorentz invariance violation) which are coming close to or even exceeding the scale of 1019GeV can be evaded. In addition, scattering of particles at transplanckian energies will not p...

Stojkovic, Dejan

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

Downstream Heat Flux Profile vs. Midplane T Profile in Tokamaks  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The relationship between the midplane scrape-off-layer electron temperature profile and the parallel heat flux profile at the divertor in tokamaks is investigated. A model is applied which takes into account anisotropic thermal diffusion, in a rectilinear geometry with constant density. Eigenmode analysis is applied to the simplified problem with constant thermal diffusivities. A self-similar nonlinear solution is found for the more realistic problem with anisotropically temperature-dependent thermal diffusivities. Numerical solutions are developed for both cases, with spatially dependent heat flux emerging from the plasma. For both constant and temperature-dependent thermal diffusivities it is found that, below about one-half of its peak, the heat flux profile shape at the divertor, compared with the midplane temperature profile shape, is robustly described by the simplest two-point model. However the physical processes are not those assumed in the simplest two-point model, nor is the numerical coefficient relating q||div to Tmp ?||mp/L|| as predicted. For realistic parameters the peak in the heat flux, moreover, can be reduced by a factor of two or more from the two-point model scaling which fits the remaining profile. For temperature profiles in the SOL region above the x-point set by marginal stability, the heat flux profile to the divertor can be largely decoupled from the prediction of the two-point model. These results suggest caveats for data interpretation, and possibly favorable outcomes for divertor configurations with extended field lines.

Robert J. Goldston

2009-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

470

The String Landscape, Black Holes and Gravity as the Weakest Force  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We conjecture a general upper bound on the strength of gravity relative to gauge forces in quantum gravity. This implies, in particular, that in a four-dimensional theory with gravity and a U(1) gauge field with gauge coupling g, there is a new ultraviolet scale Lambda=g M_{Pl}, invisible to the low-energy effective field theorist, which sets a cutoff on the validity of the effective theory. Moreover, there is some light charged particle with mass smaller than or equal to Lambda. The bound is motivated by arguments involving holography and absence of remnants, the (in) stability of black holes as well as the non-existence of global symmetries in string theory. A sharp form of the conjecture is that there are always light "elementary" electric and magnetic objects with a mass/charge ratio smaller than the corresponding ratio for macroscopic extremal black holes, allowing extremal black holes to decay. This conjecture is supported by a number of non-trivial examples in string theory. It implies the necessary presence of new physics beneath the Planck scale, not far from the GUT scale, and explains why some apparently natural models of inflation resist an embedding in string theory.

Nima Arkani-Hamed; Lubos Motl; Alberto Nicolis; Cumrun Vafa

2006-01-02T23:59:59.000Z

471

I  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

BAECC: BAECC: I ni*al S ite L ayout AOS Instrument Field, radars, and containers Instrument F ield a nd C ontainers 6 0 m 9 0 m Met Twr T r e e H e i g h t ~ 2 0 M T r e e H e i g h t ~ 2 0 m Tree Height ~5m T r e e H e i g h t ~ 2 0 m K A Z R B S R W P P D M Rad Tables: mfrsr, TSI skyrad, SPN 10 M Scale M W A C R MWR mounted side by side with 1 m in between scan direction indicated by arrows MWR3C p w r P W R D r o p G P R W P A N T E Q 1 9 0 f t 6 4 f t E Q 2 u n d e r s a c r E Q 1 A N T Snow Fence Measurements a re c lose a pproximates. S ite w as l aid o ut D uring A ug S ite V isit Container P ad D etail AMF2 SACR OPS Van GP Van RWP Van 20' 90' 64' PWR 20' 20' mpl 2d VD MAERI BBSS cart WBRG VCEIL Instrument Field 10" 10' 10" 10" 10" SWACR Antenna EQ1 Van AMFX SACR 20' EQ2 under SACR Instrument F ield 1 1 2 3 2 3 Instrument F ield Looking S outh E ast Looking S outh Looking N orth E ast Looking N orth W---Band a nd K a---Band R adar

472

1  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Characterization of the Atmospheric State above the SGP Characterization of the Atmospheric State above the SGP Using Raman Lidar and AERI/GOES Measurements R. A. Ferrare National Aeronautics and Space Administration Langley Research Center Hampton, Virginia D. D. Turner Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Richland, Washington L. A. Heilman Science Applications International Corporation National Aeronautics and Space Administration Langley Research Center Hampton, Virginia W. F. Feltz University of Wisconsin Madison, Wisconsin T. P. Tooman Sandia National Laboratories Livermore, California O. Dubovik Science Systems and Applications, Inc. National Aeronautics and Space Administration Goddard Space Flight Center Greenbelt, Maryland R. N. Halthore Brookhaven National Laboratory Upton, New York

473

ovtchinnikov-98.pdf  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

51 51 Cloud Remote Sensing Using ARM Instruments: Observations and Modeling M. Ovtchinnikov and Y. L. Kogan Cooperative Institute for Mesoscale Meteorological Studies Norman, Oklahoma Introduction The constantly expanding Atmospheric Radiation Measure- ment (ARM) instrumental base for observing clouds now consists of about a dozen instruments including ceilometers, lidars, and a cloud radar. The majority of these instruments provides indirect measurements and requires a use of retrieval algorithms to deduce cloud properties needed for developing and testing cloud parameterizations for general circulation models (GCMs). In situ aircraft measurements during intensive observation periods (IOPs) are intended to provide ground truth for testing these retrieval procedures.

474

X:\ARM_19~1\P113-137.WPD  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

µm µm µm Session Papers 129 Feasibility of Tropospheric Water Vapor Profiling Using Infrared Heterodyne Differential Absorption Lidar C. J. Grund and R. M. Hardesty National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Environmental Technology Laboratory Boulder, Colorado B. J. Rye Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences (CU/NOAA) University of Colorado Boulder, Colorado Continuous, high quality profiles of water vapor, free of column lengths can be compared to determine the range- systematic bias and of moderate temporal and spatial resolved concentration. Most DIAL systems used for resolution, acquired over long periods at low operational monitoring water vapor have operated at wavelengths of and maintenance cost, are fundamental to the success of

475

1  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

The Vertical Distribution of Aerosols: Lidar Measurements versus Model Simulations R.A. Ferrare National Aeronautics and Space Agency-Langley Research Center Hampton, Virginia D.D. Turner University of Wisconsin-Madison Madison, Wisconsin M. Clayton Science Applications International Corporation/ National Aeronautics and Space Agency-Langley Research Center Hampton, Virginia M. Chin National Aeronautics and Space Agency-Goddard Space Flight Center Greenbelt, Maryland S. Guibert and M. Schulz Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l'environment Gif-sur-Yvette, France C. Chuang Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Livermore, California M. Krol Institute for Marine and Atmospheric Research Utrecht (IMAU) Utrecht, The Netherlands

476

ARM - Site Instruments  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Darwin SiteInstruments Darwin SiteInstruments TWP Related Links Facilities and Instruments Manus Island Nauru Island Darwin, AUS ES&H Guidance Statement Operations Science Field Campaigns Year of Tropical Convection Visiting the Site TWP Fact Sheet Images Information for Guest Scientists Contacts Instruments : Central Facility, Darwin, Australia [ Single installation ] AERI Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer Radiometric Browse Plots Browse Data [ Single installation ] CSPHOT Cimel Sunphotometer Aerosols, Radiometric Browse Data [ Single installation ] DISDROMETER Impact Disdrometer Surface Meteorology Browse Plots Browse Data [ Single installation ] DL Doppler Lidar Cloud Properties Browse Data [ Single installation ] GNDRAD Ground Radiometers on Stand for Upwelling Radiation Radiometric Browse Plots

477

Section 47  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Comparisons Among Cloud Parameter Estimates Comparisons Among Cloud Parameter Estimates Derived from Radar, Infrared-Radiometer, Lidar and Aircraft Measurements S. Y. Matrosov and J. B. Snider Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Studies University of Colorado at Boulder and National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Environmental Technology Laboratory Boulder, Colorado R. F. Reinking and R. A. Kropfli National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Environmental Technology Laboratory, Boulder, Colorado E. W. Eloranta and P. Piironen University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin R. T. Bruintjes National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, Colorado Introduction Remote sensing methods to retrieve cloud microphysical and radiative parameters from measurements taken by different remote sensors are an important source of quantitative

478

ARM - Site Instruments  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

PacificInstruments PacificInstruments TWP Related Links Facilities and Instruments Manus Island Nauru Island Darwin, AUS ES&H Guidance Statement Operations Science Field Campaigns Year of Tropical Convection Visiting the Site TWP Fact Sheet Images Information for Guest Scientists Contacts Instruments : Tropical Western Pacific [ Installed at 3 facilities ] AERI Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer Radiometric Browse Plots Browse Data [ Installed at 2 facilities ] CSAPR C-Band ARM Precipitation Radar Cloud Properties Browse Data [ Installed at 3 facilities ] CSPHOT Cimel Sunphotometer Aerosols, Radiometric Browse Data [ Single installation ] DISDROMETER Impact Disdrometer Surface Meteorology Browse Plots Browse Data [ Single installation ] DL Doppler Lidar Cloud Properties Browse Data [ Installed at 3 facilities ]

479

Testing a Cloud Condensation Nuclei Remote Sensing Method  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

a Cloud Condensation Nuclei a Cloud Condensation Nuclei Remote Sensing Method S. J. Ghan Climate Physics Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Richland, Washington D. R. Collin Department of Atmospheric Sciences Texas A&M University College Station, Texas Introduction Under certain conditions vertical profiles of cloud condensation nuclei (CCN) spectra can be retrieved from ground-based measurements (Ghan and Collins 2003). Surface measurements of the CCN spectrum are scaled by the ratio of the 180 backscatter (or extinction) profile to the surface backscatter (or extinction). The backscatter (or extinction) profile is measured by Raman lidar (RL), and is corrected to dry conditions using the vertical profile of relative humidity (calculated from the absolute

480

ARM - Site Instruments  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Oliktok Point, Oliktok Point, AlaskaInstruments Oliktok Deployment AMF Home Oliktok Home Deployment Operations Baseline Instruments and Data Plots at the Archive Outreach News & Press New Sites Fact Sheet (PDF, 1.6MB) Images Contacts Fred Helsel, AMF Operations Lynne Roeder, Media Contact Hans Verlinde, Principal Investigator Instruments : Oliktok Point, Alaska [ Single installation ] AERI Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer Radiometric Not Online [ Single installation ] CSAPR C-Band ARM Precipitation Radar Cloud Properties Not Online [ Single installation ] CSPHOT Cimel Sunphotometer Aerosols Browse Data [ Single installation ] DL Doppler Lidar Cloud Properties Not Online [ Single installation ] ECOR Eddy Correlation Flux Measurement System Surface/Subsurface Properties Not Online [ Single installation ]

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "micropulse lidar mpl" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Development and Progression of Aeolian Blowouts in Padre Island National Seashore  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Figure 22- LiDAR of Study Area 1; Volume Change Between 2005 and 2011. ............. 77 Figure 23- GPR Transects for Study Area 1 (SA1) with Radar Surfaces Shown in Green and Radar Facies Shown in Black with Inferred Features Dotted. A More... Detailed Image of Each Transect Found in Appendix 1. .................. 79 Figure 24- Blowout Evolution of Study Site 2 (SA2) a) 1969-1979, b) 1984-1989, c) 1993-1996, d) 2002-2010, and e) Total Change Throughout Study .......... 85 Figure 25...

Jewell, Mallorie E

2013-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

482

Cloudnet Project  

DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

Cloudnet is a research project supported by the European Commission. This project aims to use data obtained quasi-continuously for the development and implementation of cloud remote sensing synergy algorithms. The use of active instruments (lidar and radar) results in detailed vertical profiles of important cloud parameters which cannot be derived from current satellite sensing techniques. A network of three already existing cloud remote sensing stations (CRS-stations) will be operated for a two year period, activities will be co-ordinated, data formats harmonised and analysis of the data performed to evaluate the representation of clouds in four major european weather forecast models.

Hogan, Robin

483

SEQUENCE STRATIGRAPHY AND CHEMOSTRATIGRAPHY OF AN INCISED VALLEY FILL WITHIN THE CRETACEOUS BLACKHAWK FORMATION, BOOK CLIFFS, UTAH  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for his work and help with the LIDAR images. Also, I would like to thank Steve Hasiotis for his help on the trace fossil interpretations and Doug Walker for his help on the updated geologic timescale. Thank you so much to all of my family... coalified peat horizons indicating that they were waterlogged part of the year and contained high concentrations of organic matter (Mack et 17 al., 1993). There are three different paleo-Histosols within the IVF. Tuscher 2 has a 2.7 m paleo...

Cornwell, Christine Frasca

2012-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

484

Quantum Cascade Laser Development Efforts for Implementation into Chemical and Remote Sensing Systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Quantum cascade lasers (QCL) offer many desirable attributes as mid-infrared laser sources for chemical and remote sensing. Some key advantages are a narrow linewidth, wide bandwidth current modulation characteristics and moderate tunability (15 cm-1). Combined, these characteristics allow for applications to a wide variety of chemical and remote sensing techniques such as wavelength and frequency modulation based detection techniques, cavity enhanced point sensors as well as techniques such as LIDAR and DIAL. This paper will describe laser development efforts to enhance QCL frequency stabilization and QCL injection locking and to develop robust external cavity QCL designs.

Wojcik, Michael D.; Myers, Tanya L.; Taubman, Matthew S.; Cannon, Bret D.; Broocks, Bryan T.; Mosely, Trinesha

2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

Variability in Long-Wave Runup as a Function of Nearshore Bathymetric Features  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and can be highly variable. The dynamic environment along the coast requires the thorough analysis of offshore features (Plant and Holman, 1997; Wang and Davis, 1998) which can be obtained through Light Detection and Ranging (lidar) (Brock et al., 2002... the movement of the sandbar to growth ratio. The results show that the sandbars moved onshore when the significant wave height was less than 1 m and offshore for wave heights greater than 1 m (Plant and Holman, 1997). The magnitude of the sandbar response...

Dunkin, Lauren M.

2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

486

ARM CLASIC ER2 CRS/EDOP  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Data was taken with the NASA ER-2 aircraft with the Cloud Radar System and other instruments in conjunction with the DOE ARM CLASIC field campaign. The flights were near the SGP site in north Central Oklahoma and targeted small developing convection. The CRS is a 94 GHz nadir pointing Doppler radar. Also on board the ER-2 was the Cloud Physics Lidar (CPL). Seven science flights were conducted but the weather conditions did not cooperate in that there was neither developing convection, or there was heavy rain.

Gerald Heymsfield

2010-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

487

STELLOPT Modeling of the 3D Diagnostic Response in ITER  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The ITER three dimensional diagnostic response to an n=3 resonant magnetic perturbation is modeled using the STELLOPT code. The in-vessel coils apply a resonant magnetic perturbation (RMP) fi eld which generates a 4 cm edge displacement from axisymmetry as modeled by the VMEC 3D equilibrium code. Forward modeling of flux loop and magnetic probe response with the DIAGNO code indicates up to 20 % changes in measured plasma signals. Simulated LIDAR measurements of electron temperature indicate 2 cm shifts on the low field side of the plasma. This suggests that the ITER diagnostic will be able to diagnose the 3D structure of the equilibria.

Lazerson, Samuel A

2013-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

488

1  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Instrument Cross-Comparisons and Automated Quality Instrument Cross-Comparisons and Automated Quality Control of Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Data S. Moore and G. Hughes ATK Mission Research Santa Barbara, California Introduction Within the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) instrument network, several different systems often measure the same quantity at the same site. For example, several ARM instruments measure time- series profiles of the atmosphere that were previously available only from balloon-borne radiosonde systems. These instruments include the Radar Wind Profilers (RWP) with Radio-Acoustic Sounding Systems (RASS), the Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI), the Microwave Radiometer Profiler (MWRP), and the Raman Lidar (RL). ARM researchers have described methods for direct

489

Modeling Dynamic Landscapes in Open Source GIS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

differencing, per-cell statistics: core, envelope, rate of change Space-Time voxel model V o lu m e s S u rf a c e s L in e s 2011 2004 1999 Helena Mitasova, NCSU DEM processing Series of point clouds interpolated to 0.3m-1m DEMs Systematic errors... to Doug Newcomb and Hope Morgan for sharing the data RTKGPS 2001 Lidar 0.2m lower Helena Mitasova, NCSU Nags Head Raster-based analysis Core surface z-min for each cell Envelope surface z-max for each cell Shoreline band: defined by shoreline from core...

Mitasova, Helena

2013-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

490

DE-FG02-08ER64658 (OASIS) - Final Technical Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Project OASIS (Operation of Advanced Structures, Interfaces and Sub-components for MEAs) was a 12 month project that ran from 1st September 2008 to 31st August 2009, and was managed by the Department of Energy Office of Science, Chicago Office, as Award No DE-FG02-08ER64658, with Johnson Matthey Fuel Cells Inc. as the sole contractor. The project was completed on schedule, with technical successes (details below) and payment of the full grant award made by DOE. The aim of the project was the development of membrane electrode assemblies (MEAs) for H2/air polymer electrolyte membrane (PEM) fuel cells that would give higher performance under hot/dry and dry operating conditions, ideally with no loss of performance under wet conditions. Reducing or eliminating the need for humidifying the incoming gases will allow significant system cost and size reduction for many fuel cell applications including automotive, stationary and back-up power, and portable systems. Portable systems are also of particular interest in military markets. In previous work Johnson Matthey Fuel Cells had developed very stable, corrosion-resistant catalysts suitable for resisting degradation by carbon corrosion in particular. These materials were applied within the OASIS project as they are considered necessary for systems such as automotive where multiple start-stop events are experienced. These catalysts were contrasted with more conventional materials in the design of catalyst layers and novel microporous layers (MPLs) and gas diffusion layer (GDL) combinations were also explored. Early on in the work it was shown how much more aggressive high temperature operation is than dry operation. At the same humidity, tests at 110?C caused much more dehydration than tests at 80?C and the high temperature condition was much more revealing of improvements made to MEA design. Alloy catalysts were introduced and compared with Pt catalysts with a range of particle sizes. It was apparent that the larger particle sizes of the alloy catalysts led to a reduction in performance that offset much of their kinetic advantage. The Pt-only materials clearly showed that small particles are beneficial to good performance under hot/dry conditions, because of their higher surface area, although they are known to be less stable to cyclic operation. An ex-situ water vapour sorption technique was developed that showed a very clear correlation with in-cell performance: catalyst powders that absorbed more water gave better performance in-cell. It was shown that alloy catalysts could give a 25 mV advantage over Pt-only at 1 Acm-2. GDL design was also shown to influence performance and more permeable GDLs on the anode allowed better membrane hydration and therefore conductivity. A very impermeable GDL on the cathode caused cathode flooding even under dry conditions, but a novel cathode MPL incorporating ionomer and operating at 110?C, 33/17% RH showed a 150 mV gain at 800 mAcm-2 over the conventional MPL. This project has increased the understanding of the factors that influence performance loss under dry conditions, including the development of an insightful ex-situ characterisation technique (Dynamic Vapour Sorption). All the approaches investigated can be readily implemented in state-of the-art MEAs, although optimisation would be needed to integrate the new designs with existing MEA types and to tune to the exact range of operating conditions. The work is thus expected to benefit the public by feeding through more condition-tolerant production MEAs to a range of applications and thereby accelerate the commercialisation of fuel cell technology. In summary, a number of specific catalyst, catalyst layer, MPL and GDL improvements were made during this project. Often the best designs under dry conditions translated to some performance loss under wet conditions, but compromise situations were also found where dry performance was improved with no loss of wet performance.

Sharman, Jonathan

2013-09-05T23:59:59.000Z

491

NETL F 451.1/1-1, Categorical Exclusion Designation Form  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

FE0001156 FE0001156 Montana State University FE SCC/Gasification Division FY10-13/ 10/1/2009 - 12/31/2013 William W. Aljoe Bozeman, MT Differential Absorption Lidar (DIAL) for Spatial Mapping of CO2 Development and testing of a scanning eye-safe diode laser-based differential absorption lidar for near surface mapping of CO2 number densities. William W. Aljoe Digitally signed by William W. Aljoe DN: cn=William W. Aljoe, o=NETL, ou=SCC-Sequestration, email=aljoe@netl.doe.gov, c=US Reason: I attest to the accuracy and integrity of this document Date: 2013.05.28 15:12:37 -04'00' 05 28 2013 Pierina Fayish Digitally signed by Pierina Fayish DN: cn=Pierina Fayish, o, ou, email=pierina.fayish@netl.doe.gov, c=US Date: 2013.05.29 10:26:57 -04'00' 05 29 2013 CX originally issued on 9/23/2009. CX re-signed to revise performance period end date to 12/31/2013.

492

Cloud Properties and Radiative Heating Rates for TWP  

DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

A cloud properties and radiative heating rates dataset is presented where cloud properties retrieved using lidar and radar observations are input into a radiative transfer model to compute radiative fluxes and heating rates at three ARM sites located in the Tropical Western Pacific (TWP) region. The cloud properties retrieval is a conditional retrieval that applies various retrieval techniques depending on the available data, that is if lidar, radar or both instruments detect cloud. This Combined Remote Sensor Retrieval Algorithm (CombRet) produces vertical profiles of liquid or ice water content (LWC or IWC), droplet effective radius (re), ice crystal generalized effective size (Dge), cloud phase, and cloud boundaries. The algorithm was compared with 3 other independent algorithms to help estimate the uncertainty in the cloud properties, fluxes, and heating rates (Comstock et al. 2013). The dataset is provided at 2 min temporal and 90 m vertical resolution. The current dataset is applied to time periods when the MMCR (Millimeter Cloud Radar) version of the ARSCL (Active Remotely-Sensed Cloud Locations) Value Added Product (VAP) is available. The MERGESONDE VAP is utilized where temperature and humidity profiles are required. Future additions to this dataset will utilize the new KAZR instrument and its associated VAPs.

Comstock, Jennifer

493

Midlatitude Cirrus Clouds and Multiple Tropopauses from a 2002-2006 Climatology over the SIRTA Observatory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This study present a comparison of lidar observations of midlatitude cirrus clouds over the SIRTA observatory between 2002 and 2006 with multiple tropopauses (MT) retrieved from radiosounding temperature profiles. The temporal variability of MT properties (frequency, thickness) are discussed. Results show a marked annual cycle, with MT frequency reaching its lowest point in May (~18% occurrence of MT) and slowly rising to more than 40% in DJF. The average thickness of the MT also follows an annual cycle, going from less than 1 km in spring to 1.5 km in late autumn. Comparison with lidar observations show that cirrus clouds show a preference for being located close below the 1st tropopause. When the cloud top is above the 1st tropopause (7% of observations), in 20% of cases the cloud base is above it as well, resulting in a cirrus cloud "sandwiched" between the two tropopauses. Compared to the general distribution of cirrus, cross-tropopause cirrus show a higher frequency of large optical depths, while inter-t...

Noel, Vincent

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

Review of remote-sensor potential for wind-energy studies  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report evaluates a number of remote-sensing systems such as radars, lidars, and acoustic echo sounders which are potential alternatives to the cup- and propeller anemometers routinely used in wind energy siting. The high costs and demanding operational requirements of these sensors currently preclude their use in the early stages of a multi-phase wind energy siting strategy such as that recently articulated by Hiester and Pennell (1981). Instead, these systems can be used most effectively in the lattermost stages of the siting process - what Hiester and Pennell (1981) refer to as the site development phase, necessary only for the siting of large wind-energy conversion systems (WECS) or WECS clusters. Even for this particular application only four techniques appear to be operational now; that is, if used properly, these techniques should provide the data sets currently considered adequate for wind-energy siting purposes. They are, in rough order of increasing expense and operating demands: optical transverse wind sensors; acoustic Doppler sounders; time-of-flight and continuous wave (CW) Doppler lidar; and frequency-modulated, continuous wave (FM-CW) Doppler radar.

Hooke, W.H.

1981-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

495

Satellite-based laser windsounder  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This is the final report of a one-year, Laboratory-Directed Research and Development (LDRD) project at the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL). The project`s primary objective is to determine the technical feasibility of using satellite-based laser wind sensing systems for detailed study of winds, aerosols, and particulates around and downstream of suspected proliferation facilities. Extensive interactions with the relevant operational organization resulted in enthusiastic support and useful guidance with respect to measurement requirements and priorities. Four candidate wind sensing techniques were evaluated, and the incoherent Doppler technique was selected. A small satellite concept design study was completed to identify the technical issues inherent in a proof-of-concept small satellite mission. Use of a Mach-Zehnder interferometer instead of a Fabry-Perot would significantly simplify the optical train and could reduce weight, and possibly power, requirements with no loss of performance. A breadboard Mach-Zehnder interferometer-based system has been built to verify these predictions. Detailed plans were made for resolving other issues through construction and testing of a ground-based lidar system in collaboration with the University of Wisconsin, and through numerical lidar wind data assimilation studies.

Schultz, J.F.; Czuchlewski, S.J.; Quick, C.R. [and others

1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

496

Stability and Turbulence in the Atmospheric Boundary Layer: A Comparison of Remote Sensing and Tower Observations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

When monitoring winds and atmospheric stability for wind energy applications, remote sensing instruments present some advantages to in-situ instrumentation such as larger vertical extent, in some cases easy installation and maintenance, measurements of vertical humidity profiles throughout the boundary layer, and no restrictions on prevailing wind directions. In this study, we compare remote sensing devices, Windcube lidar and microwave radiometer, to meteorological in-situ tower measurements to demonstrate the accuracy of these measurements and to assess the utility of the remote sensing instruments in overcoming tower limitations. We compare temperature and wind observations, as well as calculations of Brunt-Vaisala frequency and Richardson numbers for the instrument deployment period in May-June 2011 at the U.S. Department of Energy National Renewable Energy Laboratory's National Wind Technology Center near Boulder, Colorado. The study reveals that a lidar and radiometer measure wind and temperature with the same accuracy as tower instruments, while also providing advantages for monitoring stability and turbulence. We demonstrate that the atmospheric stability is determined more accurately when the liquid-water mixing ratio derived from the vertical humidity profile is considered under moist-adiabatic conditions.

Friedrich, K.; Lundquist, J. K.; Aitken, M.; Kalina, E. A.; Marshall, R. F.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

Cloud Properties and Radiative Heating Rates for TWP  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A cloud properties and radiative heating rates dataset is presented where cloud properties retrieved using lidar and radar observations are input into a radiative transfer model to compute radiative fluxes and heating rates at three ARM sites located in the Tropical Western Pacific (TWP) region. The cloud properties retrieval is a conditional retrieval that applies various retrieval techniques depending on the available data, that is if lidar, radar or both instruments detect cloud. This Combined Remote Sensor Retrieval Algorithm (CombRet) produces vertical profiles of liquid or ice water content (LWC or IWC), droplet effective radius (re), ice crystal generalized effective size (Dge), cloud phase, and cloud boundaries. The algorithm was compared with 3 other independent algorithms to help estimate the uncertainty in the cloud properties, fluxes, and heating rates (Comstock et al. 2013). The dataset is provided at 2 min temporal and 90 m vertical resolution. The current dataset is applied to time periods when the MMCR (Millimeter Cloud Radar) version of the ARSCL (Active Remotely-Sensed Cloud Locations) Value Added Product (VAP) is available. The MERGESONDE VAP is utilized where temperature and humidity profiles are required. Future additions to this dataset will utilize the new KAZR instrument and its associated VAPs.

Comstock, Jennifer

2013-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

498

A Comparison of Model-Scale Experimental Measurements and Computational Predictions for a Large Transom-Stern Wave  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The flow field generated by a transom stern hull form is a complex, broad-banded, three-dimensional system marked by a large breaking wave. This unsteady multiphase turbulent flow feature is difficult to study experimentally and simulate numerically. Recent model-scale experimental measurements and numerical predictions of the wave-elevation topology behind a transom-sterned hull form, Model 5673, are compared and assessed in this paper. The mean height, surface roughness (RMS), and spectra of the breaking stern-waves were measured by Light Detection And Ranging (LiDAR) and Quantitative Visualization (QViz) sensors over a range of model speeds covering both wet- and dry-transom operating conditions. Numerical predictions for this data set from two Office of Naval Research (ONR) supported naval-design codes, Numerical Flow Analysis (NFA) and CFDship-Iowa-V.4, have been performed. Comparisons of experimental data, including LiDAR and QViz measurements, to the numerical predictions for wet-transom and dry transo...

Drazen, David A; Fu, Thomas C; Beale, Kristine L C; O'Shea, Thomas T; Brucker, Kyle A; Dommermuth, Douglas G; Wyatt, Donald C; Bhushan, Shanti; Carrica, Pablo M; Stern, Fred

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

A Comparison of Full-Scale Experimental Measurements and Computational Predictions of the Transom-Stern Wave of the R/V Athena I  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Full-scale experimental measurements and numerical predictions of the wave-elevation topology behind a transom-sterned vessel, the R/V Athena I, are compared and assessed in this paper. The mean height, surface roughness (RMS), and spectra of the breaking stern-waves were measured in-situ by a LIDAR sensor over a range of ship speeds covering both wet- and dry-transom operating conditions. Numerical predictions for this data set from two Office of Naval Research (ONR) supported naval-design codes, NFA and CFDship-Iowa-V.4, have been performed. Initial comparisons of the LIDAR data to the numerical predictions at 5.4 m/s (10.5 kts), a wet-transom condition, are presented. This work represents an ongoing effort on behalf of the ONR Ship Wave Breaking and Bubble Wake program, to assess, validate, and improve the capability of Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) to predict full-scale ship-generated wave fields.

Wyatt, Donald C; Taylor, Genevieve L; Terrill, Eric J; Xing, Tao; Bhushan, Shanti; O'Shea, Thomas T; Dommermuth, Douglas G

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

Assessment of Uncertainty in Cloud Radiative Effects and Heating Rates through Retrieval Algorithm Differences: Analysis using 3-years of ARM data at Darwin, Australia  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Ground-based radar and lidar observations obtained at the Department of Energys Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Programs Tropical Western Pacific site located in Darwin, Australia are used to retrieve ice cloud properties in anvil and cirrus clouds. Cloud microphysical properties derived from four different retrieval algorithms (two radar-lidar and two radar only algorithms) are compared by examining mean profiles and probability density functions of effective radius (Re), ice water content (IWC), extinction, ice number concentration, ice crystal fall speed, and vertical air velocity. Retrieval algorithm uncertainty is quantified using radiative flux closure exercises. The effect of uncertainty in retrieved quantities on the cloud radiative effect and radiative heating rates are presented. Our analysis shows that IWC compares well among algorithms, but Re shows significant discrepancies, which is attributed primarily to assumptions of particle shape. Uncertainty in Re and IWC translates into sometimes-large differences in cloud radiative effect (CRE) though the majority of cases have a CRE difference of roughly 10 W m-2 on average. These differences, which we believe are primarily driven by the uncertainty in Re, can cause up to 2 K/day difference in the radiative heating rates between algorithms.

Comstock, Jennifer M.; Protat, Alain; McFarlane, Sally A.; Delanoe, Julien; Deng, Min

2013-05-22T23:59:59.000Z