Sample records for micronesia niue panama

  1. Treasures of Colombia, Panama,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Singh, Jaswinder Pal

    s Treasures of Colombia, Panama, & Costa Rica Aboard the Variety Voyager · January 10­19, 2014 nights in Cartagena, Colombia, board the state-of-the-art yacht Variety Voyager for a seven-night voyage and birds in Colombia, Panama, and Costa Rica, including the tamandua, or anteater (cover), with thick

  2. Historical change in coral reef communities in Caribbean Panama

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cramer, Katie Lynn

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In Adaptive Radiations in Prehistoric Panama (OF Linares andIn Adaptive Radiations in Prehistoric Panama (OF Linares andIn Adaptive Radiations in Prehistoric Panama (OF Linares and

  3. Origins of convective activity over Panama

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Strager, Christopher Stephen

    1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ORIGINS OF CONVECTIVE ACTIVITY OVER PANAMA A Thesis by CHRISTOPHER STEPHEN STRAGER Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas ARM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1989... Major Subject: Meteorology ORIGINS OF CONVECTIVE ACTIVITY OVER PANAMA A Thesis by CHRISTOPHER STEPHEN STRAGER Approved as to style and content by: Steven W. ons (Chair of Committee) Kenneth C. Brundidge (Member) Rud lf J. Freund ( ember...

  4. Historical change in coral reef communities in Caribbean Panama

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cramer, Katie Lynn

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    reef corals: A tracer of oil pollution in Panama. Ambio 25:chronic oil, heavy metal, and mercury pollution, that have

  5. --No Title--

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Netherlands Antilles New Caledonia New Zealand Nicaragua Niger Nigeria Niue Norway Oman Pakistan Palestine Panama Papua New Guinea Paraguay Peru Philippines Poland...

  6. REPORT OF THE PANAMA WTE CONFERENCE Panama City , 11th June 2011 co-organized by the Greek

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    worldwide like in New York, Miami, Shanghai, etc. #12;2 Concerning SYNERGIA: The Waste to Energy Research, a successful Waste To Energy Conference was held in Panama City (Republic of Panama) with wide participation entitled "Waste to Energy Solution for Municipal Solid Waste worldwide and potential for Waste to Energy

  7. Transportation Center Seminar........ "The Panama Canal as Precursor"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bustamante, Fabián E.

    Transportation Center Seminar........ "The Panama Canal as Precursor" Aaron J. Gellman Professor of Transportation The Transportation Center & Kellogg School of Management Northwestern University; Advisory:30 pm Location: Transportation Center, Chambers Hall Lower Level, 600 Foster St., Evanston Professor

  8. Industrial Energy Conservation in Central America and Panama

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oven, M. J.; Pashkevich, P. A.

    The Regional Industrial Energy Efficiency Project (RIEEP) is the largest and most comprehensive energy conservation effort in Central America and Panama. This paper describes the regional economic and energy situation leading up to the project...

  9. Prudence in Panama: George H.W. Bush, Noriega, and economic aid, May 1989-May 1990

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blanton, Troy Franklin

    2007-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

    be ?minimized by patience, 5 understanding of Latin sensitivity and values, rapid withdrawal from Panama,? and renewed ?attention to the region?s economic problems.?5 Unlike scholarly works, journalistic interpretations focus on America?s ?Big Stick...? in Latin America. Journalist Kevin Buckley?s Panama: The Whole Story, published the year after the invasion, portrayed the Bush Administration?s efforts in Panama as a fumbling fiasco. He considered the policy options of economic sanctions, threats...

  10. Development of Panama as a logistics hub and the impact on Latin America

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Muñoz, Daniel, M. Eng. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Panamanian government is executing an aggressive economic growth initiative to transform the country into a regional logistics hub, like Singapore or Dubai. Two elements of the initiative are expansion of the Panama ...

  11. Carbon sequestration potential of tropical pasture compared with afforestation in Panama

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Potvin, Catherine

    Carbon sequestration potential of tropical pasture compared with afforestation in Panama S E B) to estimate the carbon sequestration potential of tropical pasture compared with afforestation; and (3 show the potential for considerable carbon sequestration of tropical afforestation and highlight

  12. The Key to All the Indies: Defense of the Isthmus of Panama

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DuBard, Bryana

    2013-04-09T23:59:59.000Z

    Beginning in the 16th century, the Isthmus of Panama was identified as a region of strategic importance. Although mountainous and prone to adverse weather, it provided the most direct route between the Atlantic and Pacific oceans. During this period...

  13. Hydrologic, diel and lunar factors affecting fishes on artificial reefs off Panama City, Florida

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sanders, Richard Morgan

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    HYDROLOGIC, DIEL AND LUNAR FACTORS AFFECTING FISHES ON ARTIFICIAL REEFS OFF PANAMA CITY, FLORIDA A Thesis RICHARD MORGAN SANDERS, Jr. Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1983 Major Subject: Wildlife and Fisheries Sciences HYDROLOGIC, DIEL AND LUNAR FACTORS AFFECTING FISHES ON ARTIFICIAL REEFS OFF PANAMA CITY, FLORIDA A Thesis RICHARD MORGAN SANDERS, Jr. Approved as to style...

  14. Caribbean and Pacific moisture sources on the Isthmus of Panama revealed from stalagmite and surface water d18

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Asmerom, Yemane

    Caribbean and Pacific moisture sources on the Isthmus of Panama revealed from stalagmite values from Panama and Costa Rica. The d18 O values decrease with distance from the Caribbean Sea a contribution of both Caribbean and Pacific sourced moisture to the isthmus. We estimated the Pacific moisture

  15. Larviculture of native white shrimp, Penaeus setiferus, and exotic white shrimp, P. vannanmei at Continental Fisheries, Limited, Panama City, Florida

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aranyakananda, Porcham

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    LARVICULTURE OF NATIVE WHITE SHRIMP, Penaeus setiferus, AND EXOTIC WHITE SHRIMP, P. vannamei, AT CONTINENTAL FISHERIES. LIMITED. PANAMA CITY, FLORIDA Internship Report by PORCHAM ARANYAKANANDA Submitted to the Department of Wildlife..., AT CONTINENTAL FISHERIES, LIMITED, PANAMA CITY, FLORIDA Internship Report by PORCHAM ARANYAKANANDA Approved as to style and content by ( Chairman of Committee ) ( Member ) ( Member ) ABSTRACT Larviculture of native wnite snrimp, penaeus setiferus...

  16. Title: Modeling, Validation and Verification of Concurrent Behavior in the Panama Canal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Austin, Mark

    ABSTRACT Title: Modeling, Validation and Verification of Concurrent Behavior in the Panama Canal Professor Mark Austin, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering and Institute for Systems Research are reactive and concurrent in nature. The procedure to model a concurrent system and the procedure to validate

  17. U.S. military action in Panama: justifying OPERATION JUST CAUSE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reich, Theodore Herman

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The project of this thesis is a moral evaluation of OPERATION JUST CAUSE, the United States' use of military force in Panama in 1989. I begin by arguing that just war theory, both in its classic and contemporary forms, needs to be revised...

  18. Second Line of Defense Megaports Initiative Operational Testing and Evaluation Plan Colon Container Terminal (CCT) Panama

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Newhouse, Robert N.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Report on the Operational Testing and Evaluation to validate and baseline an operable system that meets the Second Line of Defense (SLD) mission requirements. An SLD system is defined as the detection technology and associated equipment, the system operators from the host country, the standard operating procedures (SOPs), and other elements such as training and maintenance which support long-term system sustainment. To this end, the activities conducted during the OT&E phase must demonstrate that the Megaports System can be operated effectively in real-time by Panama Direccion General de Aduanas (DGA Panama Customs) personnel to the standards of the U.S. Department of Energy/National Nuclear Security Administration (DOE/NNSA).

  19. Combating Child Labor through DESTINO - Reducing Child Labor in Panama: An Impact Evaluation of a Department of Labor-Funded Initiative

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andisha, Nasir; Chiquito-Saban, Oscar; Emmerich, Eduardo; Figueroa, Aurelia; Jiang, Yuewen; Hui-Lee, Jun; Manning, Darren; Ortega-Sanchez, Alejandra

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Reducing Child Labor in Panama: An Impact Evaluation of a Department of Labor-Funded Initiative ___________________________________________________ Nasir Andisha Oscar Chiquito-Saban Eduardo Emmerich Aurelia Figueroa... Gawande Helen and Roy Ryu Chair in International Economics and Development Executive Summary This impact evaluation reviews a United States Department of Labor-funded child labor reduction program in Panama, administrated...

  20. Long-term assessment of the oil spill at Bahia Las Minas, Panama. Interim report. Volume 1: Executive summary

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Keller, B.D.; Jackson, J.B.C.

    1991-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    On April 27, 1986, at least 8 million liters of medium-weight crude oil spilled from a ruptured storage tank into the Bahia Las Minas on the Caribbean Coast of Panama. Coral reefs, seagrass communities, and mangroves were affected. The area of the spill was also the location of the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute's Galeta Laboratory where resident and visiting scientists have been studying the ecology of the Bahia Las Minas and the adjacent areas for over 15 years. Because this was a unique opportunity to assess the immediate biological effects following a major spill in the Caribbean region and to monitor the subsequent recovery, the U.S. Department of the Interior Minerals Management Service supported a 5-year environmental study. The objectives of the study are to identify any long-term changes in the marine environment that may have resulted from the spill and to understand the ecological processes causing such changes. This is the first report from the study and addresses the effects observed during the first two years of the effort.

  1. Long-term assessment of the oil spill at Bahia Las Minas, Panama. Interim report. Volume 2: Technical report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Keller, B.D.; Jackson, J.B.C.

    1991-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    On April 27, 1986, at least 8 million liters of medium-weight crude oil spilled from a ruptured storage tank into the Bahia Las Minas on the Caribbean Coast of Panama. Coral reefs, seagrass communities, and mangroves were affected. The area of the spill was also the location of the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute's Galeta Laboratory where resident and visiting scientists have been studying the ecology of the Bahia Las Minas and the adjacent areas for over 15 years. Because this was a unique opportunity to assess the immediate biological effects following a major spill in the Caribbean region and to monitor the subsequent recovery, the U.S. Department of the Interior Minerals Management Service supported a 5-year environmental study. The objectives of the study are to identify any long-term changes in the marine environment that may have resulted from the spill and to understand the ecological processes causing such changes. This is the first report from the study and addresses the effects observed during the first two years of the effort.

  2. Josh Morra, '04 Chuuk, Federated States of Micronesia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    necks. It seems as though everywhere we went, a feast had been prepared. Unfortunately, because island of Kuttu, where we helped complete construction on a new church. #12;Overall, the trip was a great

  3. Federated States of Micronesia: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand JumpConceptual Model,DOEHazelPennsylvania:57427°, -89.4742177° ShowRural Electric Assn (Iowa)

  4. The internal tide off Panama City, Florida 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boston, Noel Edward James

    1963-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    water. The phenomenon was also noted by slowly moving steamers but when their speed was in- creased to a few knots the resistance disappeared. This "dead water" effect was par'ticular'ly striking to Fridjof Nansen during his polar cruise in the FRAN...

  5. The internal tide off Panama City, Florida

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boston, Noel Edward James

    1963-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Stage I Stage II ANTILLA SEICHE Savonius rotors Thermistor array Tide gauge Bathythermograph Salinity Thermistor array Roberts current meter Tide gauge Bathythermograph Salinity Bathythermograph Salinity Intermittent Intermittent...: Savonius rotors, Ekman meters, and a modified Roberts meter. Also a drogue- current cross arrangement was used to measure both surface and subsurface currents. Savonius rotors were tied into the automatic data collecting system at Stage I. Because...

  6. THE PEARL OYSTER RESOURCES OF PANAMA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Por field work the Ministerlo de Agricultura, Comercio e Indilstriae assigned a former U. S y Comercio, Dr. Alfonso Tegelra, Secretario de Agricultura y Comercio, and Sr. Genaro L. Martinez information concerning the past history and present con- dition of the pearl fishery was received from Se

  7. The Panama Canal: It's all about connectivity

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro IndustriesTownDells,1Stocks Nov-14TotalThe Outlook for Renewable Electricity in the

  8. Panama: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |JilinLuOpenNorthOlympiaAnalysis) JumpPalcan s JV

  9. Annotated Checklist of the Aquatic snails of the Mariana Islands, Micronesia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mcilwain, Jenny

    Marine Laboratory University of Guam University of Guam Marine Laboratory Technical Report 147 March 2013 Ma'åse! #12;iv #12;v SUMMARY This report provides an annotated checklist of all the aquatic snails habitats. Guam's southern half is volcanic and laced with streams and a few sizable rivers, as well

  10. Industrial Energy Conservation in Central America and Panama 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oven, M. J.; Pashkevich, P. A.

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . The organization of the project is explained; it is a project geared toward the private sector. The three major project activities, publications, seminars, and energy audits are discussed. The results of some 100 energy audits are presented and some preliminary...

  11. Historical change in coral reef communities in Caribbean Panama

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cramer, Katie Lynn

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    utilization of synthetic agrochemicals. The second half ofintroduction of new agrochemicals (Henriques et. al. 1997,Oil pipeline Synthetic agrochemicals Banana disease United

  12. amador county panama: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Ecosystems; Home Horticulture; Forest Resources; Food Safety, Health, Nutrition; Sustainable Living; Money Matters; 4-H YouthVolunteers Giving Recent donors residing in...

  13. Historical change in coral reef communities in Caribbean Panama

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cramer, Katie Lynn

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    persistence interrupted in Caribbean coral reefs. EcologyJBC. Ecological change on Caribbean coral reefs before coraland extinctions in the Caribbean reef-coral fauna. In

  14. Historical change in coral reef communities in Caribbean Panama

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cramer, Katie Lynn

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    in threatened staghorn corals. PLoS ONE 3:e3718. doi:interrupted in Caribbean coral reefs. Ecology Letters 9(7):scale patterns in Pleistocene coral reef communities. In

  15. Panama-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOfRoseConcernsCompanyPCN Technology Jump2011) |

  16. Panama-Climate Technology Initiative Private Financing Advisory Network

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer PlantMunhall,Missouri:EnergyOssian, NewPalisades Park, NewPalomar VenturesGasChinaJit(CTI

  17. University Health Center Name The University of Georgia UGA ID # 81

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kissinger, Jessica

    incidence rates of > 20 cases per 100,000 population. University Health Center review Date Page 2 Republic Republic of Korea Nigeria Suriname Armenia Ecuador Kuwait Niue Swaziland Azerbaijan Egypt

  18. Hunting, Habitat, and Indigenous Settlement Patterns: A Geographic Analysis of Buglé Wildlife Use in Western Panama

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Derek Anthony

    2003-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

    This dissertation analyzes indigenous wildlife use from a geographic perspective, focusing on the relationships between hunting, habitat, and settlement patterns. Fieldwork took place among five neighboring communities in ...

  19. Lagrangian study of the Panama Bight and surrounding regions Alexis Chaigneau,1,2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    South Equatorial Current (SEC). We do not observe significant modification of the mean surface and zonally enhanced in the direction of the mean currents. The typical integral time and length scales system is strongly influenced by the topography of the Central Amer- ican continent. The Central American

  20. Carbon storage of harvest-age teak (Tectona grandis) plantations, Panama

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Potvin, Catherine

    se encuentran. Se midieron la proporcioÂn raõÂz-vaÂstago, la biomasa total y el contenido de carbono

  1. Climatological study of radar echo pictures from Albrook Air Force Base, Panama

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bowen, Christopher

    1964-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ' Long. ) January 12 1. 72 0. 00 0. 48 1962--0. 00 April July 7. 76 0. 00 2. 47 1961--2. 20 9. 89 1. 73 7. 16 1961--5. 89 rainfall, whereas the rainfall for July, 1961, is 18 per cent lower that the 12-year mean month. ly rainfall. There- fore...

  2. The Immature Stages of the Subfamily Phlebotominae in Panama (Diptera: Psychodidae)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hanson, Wilford J.

    1968-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    HFlotation Direct Examination Mo. of No. of No. of larvae or Larvae samples samples pupae or pupae processed positive recovered recovered Soil between buttressed roots Dead leaves from forest floor, not sheltered Animal burrow Hollow tree Soil under... similar to those found in hollow trees and rock crevices. Certain species of snails, spiders, scorpions and other arachnoids, crickets, moths, crane flies,mosquitoes* as well as adult Phlebotomus, are typical inhabitants, at least during the day...

  3. Encyclia chloroleuca (Orchidaceae: Laeliinae) reported for Panama Katia Silvera1,2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bermingham, Eldredge

    , Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Suriname. It is also present in Mexico, Belize, and Nicaragua (G. Carnevali alt. CONSERVATION STATUS. Encyclia chloroleuca has a wide distribution but populations are limited

  4. Indigenous livelihoods, slash-and-burn agriculture, and carbon stocks in Eastern Panama

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bermingham, Eldredge

    , and agricultural intensification. Based on soil and biomass carbon measurements, estimated annual sequestration aimed at sequestration of carbon in the community are likely to be rather unequally distributed within., 2001; FAO, 1996). Annual carbon (C) sequestration rates in tropical forest fallow are estimated

  5. Opportunities and challenges of investing in emerging markets : a case study of Panama

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ganster, Marianne (Marianne Theresa)

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Many Real Estate investment firms are looking to the world's emerging economies in their real estate investment strategies to seek optimal returns in opaque or inefficient markets. Although these investments carry increased ...

  6. Bryozoan growth mirrors contrasting seasonal regimes across the Isthmus of Panama

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bermingham, Eldredge

    of cupuladriid bryozoans. The Bocas del Toro region in the southern Caribbean experiences a very low mean annual cyclically, while in colonies from the Bocas del Toro region no strong trends are observed, hence paralleling, 1972; Morris, 1976; Sile¤n and Harme¤lin, 1976; Okamura, 1987; Okamura and Bishop, 1988; Hunter

  7. Bridging the gap : boundary-less bureaucrats and gang reintegration in Panama City

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DeManche, Paul J. D. (Paul Joseph Drake)

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In a small and shrinking world there is pressure for planners and policymakers across the globe to import policy and program models that have worked in other cities and countries. Often lost in the process of transporting ...

  8. The official student voice of the Florida State University Panama City Summer 2011 Issue

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sura, Philip

    @my.fsu.edu or Mrs. Cristina Rios at crios@pc.fsu.edu. Jenn Davis staff writer Garnet Key Honor Society Induc- tion

  9. Panama-Low-Carbon Energy for Central America: Building a Regional Model |

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |JilinLuOpenNorthOlympiaAnalysis) JumpPalcan s JV withPalmcoAlto,PanOpen

  10. Low-Emission Development Strategies and National Appropriate...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Asia, South-Eastern Asia, Western Asia, Eastern Europe, Northern Europe, Southern Europe, Western Europe, Australia and New Zealand, Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia, Latin America...

  11. Locating Climate Insecurity: Where Are the Most Vulnerable Places...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Asia, South-Eastern Asia, Western Asia, Eastern Europe, Northern Europe, Southern Europe, Western Europe, Australia and New Zealand, Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia, Latin America...

  12. Northern Mariana Islands - Territory Energy Profile Overview...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    islands of Pagan and Saipan - unique in Micronesia in having abundant geothermal energy potential, and CNMI has excellent resources for both wind and solar power. CNMI enacted a...

  13. WORK PROGRAMME 2010 COOPERATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Milano-Bicocca, Università

    Argentina2 UM Guinea-Bissau L Niue UM Bolivia LM Kenya L Palau UM Brazil2 ** LM Lesotho LM Papua New L Chile of the European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP). 4 Until the country becomes Associated to FP7 5 As defined by UNSC

  14. The role of gap phase processes in the biomass dynamics of tropical forests

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chave, Jérôme

    , Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, APO AA 34002 Panama, Republic of Panama 3 Thai Royal Forest Colorado Island (BCI), Panama; Pasoh and Lambir, Malaysia; and Huai Kha Khaeng (HKK), Thailand). We show in incoming solar radiation, in

  15. Shellback Expedition, 17 May to 27 August 1952

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wooster, Warren S

    1952-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    FEATURES PANAMA BASIN CURRENT-DRAG MEASUREMENTS GEOMAGNETICone current measurements were made with the geomagnetic

  16. China Energy Databook -- User Guide and Documentation, Version 7.0

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fridley, Ed., David

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Mexico Mongolia Morocco Mozambique Nepal Netherlands New Zealand Nicaragua Nigeria Norway Oman Pakistan Panama Coal &

  17. Politecnico di Milano Area Risorse Umane e Organizzazione

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Mauritius, Messico, Monaco, Montenegro, Nicaragua, Nuova Zelanda, Panama, Paraguay, Saint Kitts e Nevis

  18. Journal of Plant Physiology 164 (2007) 1311--1322 Photoprotection, photosynthesis and growth of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bermingham, Eldredge

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of tropical tree seedlings under near-ambient and strongly reduced solar ultraviolet-B radiation G. Heinrich Wintera a Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, P.O. Box 0843-03092 Panama, Republic of Panama b.), were field grown for 3­4 months at an open site near Panama City (91N), Panama, under plastic films

  19. Pale cyst nematode Globodera pallida Michigan State University's invasive species factsheets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , United Kingdom; Latin America: Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Panama, Peru, Venezuela

  20. Silberman Continuing Education Instructors Delia Kim, LMSW

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qiu, Weigang

    also consults internationally, including in Russia, the Czech Republic, Nigeria, Venezuela and Panama

  1. Golden nematode Globodera rostochiensis Michigan State University's invasive species factsheets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    : Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Mexico, Panama, Peru, Venezuela. Oceania

  2. The potential for tropical restoration legume and non-legume trees to suppress the invasive C4 grass Saccharum spontaneum in Panama

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cummings, Justin

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2 fixing tree legumes to land reclamation and sustainability2-fixing tree legumes to land reclamation and sustainabilityfor the reclamation of severely degraded lands in Brazil.

  3. Larval ecology and synchronous reproduction of two crustacean species : Semibalanus balanoides in New England, USA and Gecarcinus quadratus in Veraguas, Panama

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gyory, Joanna

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The environmental cues for synchronous reproduction were investigated for two highly abundant, ecologically important crustacean species: the temperate acorn barnacle, Semibalanus balanoides, and the tropical terrestrial ...

  4. abidjan cote divoire: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    768 OMAN 2 COLOMBIA 78 PAKISTAN 95 COSTA RICA 16 PANAMA 23 COTE D'IVOIRE Y3 PARAGUA 1 CROATIA 5 PAKISTAN 5 COLOMBIA 5 162 PANAMA COSTA RICA 10 PARAGUAY 1 COTE D'IVOIRE 12 PERU 0...

  5. CX-004419: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    City of Panama City Lighting Replacement ProgramCX(s) Applied: B2.5, B5.1Date: 12/07/2009Location(s): Panama City, FloridaOffice(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy

  6. China Energy Databook -- User Guide and Documentation, Version 7.0

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fridley, Ed., David

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Mexico Mongolia Morocco Mozambique Nepal Netherlands New Zealand Nicaragua Nigeria Norway Oman Pakistan Panama Coal &Mexico Mongolia Morocco Mozambique Nepal Netherlands New Zealand Nigeria Norway Oman Pakistan Panama Papua New Guinea Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Coal &

  7. Darwin's finches and their diet niches: the sympatric coexistence of imperfect generalists

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hendry, Andrew

    Drogas, Instituto de Investigaciones Cientificas y Servicios de Alta Tecnologia (INDICASAT-AIP), Panama 5, Panama Redpath Museum & Department of Biology, McGill University, Montreal, QC, Canada Department Keywords: adaptive radiation; ecological speciation; Galapagos; generalist; Geospiza; ground finches; niche

  8. 770 THE AMERICAN NATURALIST THE "FALSE HEAD" HYPOTHESIS: PREDATION AND WING PATTERN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robbins, Bob

    in Panama Province, Panama, during 3 mo (June-August). Every lycaenid specimen seen was chased until characters in rank 3, and those with one or zero characters in rank 4. Predators sensitive to UV radiation

  9. WRITTEN TESTIMONY OF DR. REBECCA LENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    with the timeframe in the Magnuson-Stevens Act). These nations were France, Italy, Libya, Panama, the People

  10. Evidence for selection on coloration in a Panamanian poison frog

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cummings, Molly E.

    a remarkable radiation of colour morphs in the Bocas del Toro archipelago in Panama. This species shows extreme no quantitative test has examined this hypothesis. Location Bocas del Toro archipelago, Panama. Methods We use in vertebrates occurs in the Bocas del Toro archipelago in western Panama, where the strawberry poison frog

  11. For Immediate Release: June 14, 2001 MULTIDATA SYSTEMS INTERNATIONAL CORPORATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Responds to IAEA Reports on Radiological Emergency in Panama In public documents released aware of a radiological emergency in Panama. In a preliminary report issued on June 2, 2001, the IAEA reported on a radiological emergency at the National Oncology Institute of Panama. The emergency involved

  12. SPECIAL SECTION BIOTROPICA 37(4): 547560 2005 10.1111/j.1744-7429.2005.00072.x

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kitajima, Kaoru

    . Joseph Wright Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, Apartado 2072, Balboa, Republic of Panama ABSTRACT performance of tropical dry forest canopies during the dry season in Parque Metropolitano, Panama City, Panama and absorbed radiation for most species, but failed to capture the widely divergent photosynthetic behavior

  13. Master of International Public Affairs Degree Program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wisconsin at Madison, University of

    to be considered for admission. Prerequisites u One course in international or comparative politics u One course States of Micronesia u Congressional-Executive Commission on China u National Democratic Institute career, when I was on rotation at the national renewable energy lab. From there I worked in the wind

  14. Interactions of tropical synoptic-scale features as viewed from satellite

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Winton, Susan Elizabeth

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    spectral analysis to identify a strong spectral peak at 12 d over Panama and portions of South America. Composite diagrams revealed an eastward propagating oscillation for the dry season of 1984 (1 January-9 May) that appeared to originate... in the eastern Pacific and build to the east of Panama. The composites of the wet season (10 May-4 December) were remarkably different from those of the dry season in that the oscillation appeared to originate over Panama and drift to the west...

  15. Designing for Absolute Moisture Control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nunnelly, R. M.; Fex, J. P.

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    to use for most major cities. See Figures 4 and 5 for a glimpse of the information available in these newer tables. Figure 4. ASHRAE Data, Panama City, FL3 Figure 5. Design Conditions, Panama City, FL (0.4% Occurrence, ASHRAE... Condition)3 Understanding this new weather data is the first step in accurately designing an outside air conditioning system. For example, considering the following ambient conditions for Panama City, FL, notice the three points...

  16. Supplement 21, Part 7, Parasite-Subject Catalogue, Hosts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zidar, Judith A; Shaw, Judith H.; Hanfman, Deborah T.; Kirby, Margie D.; Rayburn, Jane D.; Edwards, Shirley J.; Hood, Martha W.

    1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    P. constrictus Cressey, n. sp. (gill chambers): Mexi- co; Panama; Ecuador; Peru P. sinensis Cressey, n. sp. (oral valves): Batavia, Java Nothobomolochus gibber: Bay of Bengal; Borneo; Torres Strait, northern Australia; Philippine Islands; Japan... Islands; Hawaii; Gulf of California; Mexico; Panama (Pacific): Beru Colobomatus goodingi n. sp. (cephalic canals): Cuba; Haiti; Sierra Leone; Dahomey; Gabon; Torres Strait, Australia; Acapulco, Msxico; Panama (Pacific) Caligus sp. E: Java; Torres...

  17. Special Publication No. 3, Ticks and Tickborne Diseases, II. Hosts, Part 1. A-F

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Doss, Mildred A.; Farr, Marion M.; Roach, Katharine F.; Anastos, George

    1974-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . Rodentia Agouti ???? Amblyomma spp. (Fairchild, G. ?. , Kohls, G. ?. , & Tipton, V. J., (1966A), 167-219) (Panama) Amblyomma coelebs (Fairchild, G. ?. , Kohls, G. ?. , Tipton, V. J., (1966A), 167-219) (Panama) Amblyomma pacae (Fairchild, G.... ?. , Kohls, G. ?. , ? Tipton, V. J., (1966A), 167-219) (Panama & British Honduras) Amblyomma pacae (Os orno-Me s a, ?. , (1940A), 6-24) (lado interno de la cadera; Colombia) Ixodes sp. (Fairchild, G. ?., Kohls, G. ?. , & Tipton, V. J., (1966A), 167...

  18. Aspects of the systematics of the viviparous bythitids, of the genera Ogilbia and Gunterichthys (Ophidiformes: bythitidae) in the Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Criscione, Sabrina Faith

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ventralis was described from Cape San Lucas, Mexico Gill (1863). The range of O. ventralis extends from lower California southward to Panama (Meek and Hildebrand, 1928). Specimens have been collected from La Paz Harbor (Jordon and Evermann, 1899...), Mazatlan (Jordan and Evermann, 1899), Balboa, Panama (Meek and Hildebrand, 1928) and Panama Bay (Gilbert and Starks, 1904). Gill (1863) did not include meristic data in his original description. Garman (1900) described O. ventralis as having 64 dorsal...

  19. Paleoceanographic interpretations of the Pleistocene sediments from the Eastern Equatorial Pacific-ODP Hole 677B

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Yee-Hwa

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    (CONTINUED) Page 91 91 VITA 95 LIST OF FIGURES FIGURE Page Location of ODP Site 677 in the Panama Basin, south ol the Costa Rica Rift, Bathymetry of the Panama Basin and adjacent equatorial Pacific. 10 Major components of the surface circulation... in the eastern equalorial Pacific. 13 Distribution of the main surface water masses in the eastern Pacific Ocean. 14 5. Bottom water circulation in the Panama Basin. 6. Standard curve for calcium carbonate analysis. 16 22 Nannofossil biostratigraphy...

  20. PROCEEDINGS, Thirty-Sixth Workshop on Geothermal Reservoir Engineering Stanford University, Stanford, California, January 31 -February 2, 2011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stanford University

    Stanford Geothermal Program Department of Energy Resources Engineering, 367 Panama Street Stanford various strategies we have implemented or are implementing to improve the efficiency of the simulations

  1. 2011 Korean Government Scholarship Program Guideline for International Students

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Auckland, University of

    Taipei, Belgium, Cambodia, Bangladesh, Bulgaria, Israel, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Malaysia, Mexico, Jordan, Kenya, Kyrgyzstan, New Zealand, Nigeria, Panama, Peru, Poland, Republic of South Africa, Romania

  2. INSAG-15 Key Practical Issues

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    MONGOLIA MOROCCO MYANMAR NAMIBIA NETHERLANDS NEW ZEALAND NICARAGUA NIGER NIGERIA NORWAY PAKISTAN PANAMA PARAGUAY PERU PHILIPPINES POLAND PORTUGAL QATAR REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA...

  3. DEVELOPING SAFETY CULTURE IN NUCLEAR ACTIVITIES Practical Suggestions

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    MONGOLIA MOROCCO MYANMAR NAMIBIA NETHERLANDS NEW ZEALAND NICARAGUA NIGER NIGERIA NORWAY PAKISTAN PANAMA PARAGUAY PERU PHILIPPINES POLAND PORTUGAL QATAR REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA...

  4. SAFETY SERIES No.75-INSAG-4 INTERNATIONAL ATOMIC ENERGY AGENCY...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    MONGOLIA MOROCCO MYANMAR NAMIBIA NETHERLANDS NEW ZEALAND NICARAGUA NIGER NIGERIA NORWAY PAKISTAN PANAMA PARAGUAY PERU PHILIPPINES POLAND PORTUGAL QATAR ROMANIA SAUDI ARABIA...

  5. ameliorative canals ehkonomicheskaya: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of Panama Canal System Operations Engineering Websites Summary: and modeled in LTSA. Safety and progress requirements are formally expressed as processes that can. It is...

  6. aural canal esophageal: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of Panama Canal System Operations Engineering Websites Summary: and modeled in LTSA. Safety and progress requirements are formally expressed as processes that can. It is...

  7. arrays model validation: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of Panama Canal System Operations Engineering Websites Summary: and modeled in LTSA. Safety and progress requirements are formally expressed as processes that can. It is...

  8. activity model validation: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of Panama Canal System Operations Engineering Websites Summary: and modeled in LTSA. Safety and progress requirements are formally expressed as processes that can. It is...

  9. atlantic-pacific interoceanic canal: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of Panama Canal System Operations Engineering Websites Summary: and modeled in LTSA. Safety and progress requirements are formally expressed as processes that can. It is...

  10. Adjustment patterns to commodity terms of trade shocks: the role of exchange rate and international reserves policies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aizenman, Joshua; Edwards, Sebastian; Riera-Crichton, Daniel

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay and Venezuela. The data insuch as Argentina, Brazil, and Uruguay, with statisticallyNicaragua, Peru and Uruguay suffer real depreciations after

  11. Population structure of Manta birostris (Chondrichthyes:Mobulidae) from the Pacific and Atlantic oceans

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clark, Timothy Brian

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    to the closure of the Isthmus of Panama. The rate of molecular divergence was calculated and appears to be significantly slower than in other species....

  12. Hybrid incompatibility is consistent with a hybrid origin of Heliconius heurippa Hewitson from its close relatives, Heliconius

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Linares, Mauricio

    los Andes, Bogota´, Colombia Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, Republica de Panama´ à, NC, USA Introduction In groups of rapidly radiating species, resolution of phylogenetic relationships

  13. Genetic differentiation without mimicry shift in a pair of hybridizing Heliconius species

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Panama 4 Department of Archaeology, University of Aberdeen, St. Mary's Building, Elphinstone Road for publication 25 February 2013 Butterflies in the genus Heliconius have undergone rapid adaptive radiation

  14. Abstract Evidence concerning mechanisms hypothe-sized to explain species coexistence in hyper-diverse

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bermingham, Eldredge

    - terized immense landmasses throughout the angiosperm radiation (Terborgh 1973; Morley 2000). Hyper () Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, Apartado 2072, Balboa, Ancón, Republic of Panama e-mail: wrightj

  15. V o l u m e 1 6 , F a l l 2 0 0 1m e 1 6 , F a l lF a llm e 1 6 , F a l l Neighbors in Need

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collett Jr., Jeffrey L.

    Ultraviolet-B Radiation Measurements and Research................................................8 Members imagery and products available to the surrounding six Cen- tral American countries (Panama, Nicaragua

  16. PROSPECT-4 and 5: Advances in the leaf optical properties model separating photosynthetic pigments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gitelson, Anatoly

    Ecology, Carnegie Institution of Washington, 260 Panama Street, Stanford, CA 94305, USA d Center reserved. Keywords: Leaf optical properties Radiative transfer model PROSPECT Hyperspectral data Pigments 1

  17. Herpetological Conservation and Biology 8(1): 228 239. Submitted: 13 May 2012; Accepted: 9 February 2013; Published: 30 April 2013.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ryan, Michael J.

    , Panama, 3 Department of Physiological Chemistry I, University of Würzburg, Biocenter, Am Hubland, 97074 been proposed to facilitate speciation and radiation processes, especially compared to a relative

  18. POLICIES&INFORMATION TABLE OF CONTENTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hull, Elaine

    on the Unlawful Possession, Use, or Distribution of Illicit Drugs and Alcohol .................... 12 Standards University Organization .......................... 14 Panama City Campus ........................... 14 ..................................... 21 International Programs ............... 23 International Commitment ...................... 23

  19. Crimes against Humanity at the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia: Is a Connection with Armed Conflict Required?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ford, Stuart

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    India, Kenya, Mexico, Mongolia, Nigeria, Philippines,Jamaica, Jordan, Ke- nya, Mongolia, Nigeria, Oman, Panama,Id. at 279. In 1985, Mongolia also blamed the "increased

  20. C I V I L & E N V I R O N M E N TA L E N G I N E E R I N G anted: creative,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Honrath, Richard E.

    Australia, Bolivia,places like Australia, Bolivia, Finland, Germany, Ghana, Panama,Finland, Germany, Ghana of deteriorating infrastructure, traffic congestion, energy needs, floods, earthquakes, urban redevelopment

  1. Measurement and quantification of aggregate thermal coefficient of expansion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chande, Gautam U

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    SRG 8 67 El Paso El Paso Granite Slag 5 9042 9. 31163 Panama 3/8" 10. 3914 Panama 1" 12 904 28 Figure 6. Measurement of CTE of aggregate sample Scanning electron microscopy and?i-ray microanaiysis It is known that the CTE of the aggregate...

  2. Quantitative determination of heat transfer from sea to air during passage of hurricane Betsy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Whitaker, William Drake

    1967-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Surface Temperatures After Betsy ('C) 11 September ? 25 September 56 3. Temperature ('C) Cross Section, Leg II, South from Panama City, Fla. 20-22 Aug. 1965 (after Leipper, to appear) . 57 4. Temperature ('C) Cross Section, Leg II, South from Panama...

  3. Acting alone: U.S. unilateral uses of force, military revolutions, and hegemonic stability theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Podliska, Bradley Florian

    2009-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

    1989 Panama Invasion (Unilateral Case)........................239 Conclusion.......................................................................251 VIII CONCLUSION...........................................................................253..........................................140 7.1 Sequential Model of Bush?s Gulf War Use of Force Decision Making..210 7.2 Sequential Model of Kennedy?s Use of Force Decision Making............234 7.3 Sequential Model of Bush?s Panama Use of Force Decision Making....247 x...

  4. Review of the genus popilius and preliminary phylogeny of Passalidae (Coleoptera)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gillogly, Alan Roy

    2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

    complex...................................................................... 105 Haagi Species Group...................................................................................... 113 Popilius sp. 5 Panama... introduced trees (Reyes-Castillo & Halffter, 1984), but there is evidence that specialization in the family may occur as two species of Passalus in Panama have been encountered only beneath the thick, fibrous, pitchy bark of Calophylum longifolium...

  5. Special Publication No. 3, Ticks and Tickborne Diseases, II. Hosts, Part 2. G-P

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Doss, Mildred A.; Farr, Marion M.; Roach, Katharine F.; Anastos, George

    ., (1966A), 167-219) (Panama) Amblyomma ovale (Fairchild, G. ?., Kohls, G. ?. , & Tipton, V. J., (1966A), 167-219) (Panama) Galictis barbara Amblyomma fossum (Rohr, ?. J., (1909A), 1-220) (Brazil) Amblyomma fossum (Arag?o, H. de ?., (1911?), 145...

  6. Molecular phylogeny of an endemic radiation of Cuban toads (Bufonidae

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crawford, Andrew J.

    ORIGINAL ARTICLE Molecular phylogeny of an endemic radiation of Cuban toads (Bufonidae: Peltophryne Habana, Cuba, 2 Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, MRC 0580­08, Apartado 0843­03092, Panama´, Republic of Panama, 3 Departamento de Ciencias Biolo´gicas, Universidad de los Andes, AA 4976, Bogota

  7. Crassulacean Acid Metabolism and Epiphytism Linked to Adaptive Radiations in the Orchidaceae1[OA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bermingham, Eldredge

    Crassulacean Acid Metabolism and Epiphytism Linked to Adaptive Radiations in the Orchidaceae1[OA Institute, Balboa, Anco´n, Republic of Panama (K.S., K.W.); and Botany and Plant Sciences, University composition of 1,103 species native to Panama and Costa Rica, performed character state reconstruction

  8. The Great American Schism: Divergence of Marine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bermingham, Eldredge

    of Panama; email: LessiosH@post.harvard.edu Annu. Rev. Ecol. Evol. Syst. 2008. 39:63­91 The Annual Review/1201-0063$20.00 Key Words adaptation, molecular clock, molecular substitution rate, Panama, productivity Abstract led to monumental species range expansions, radiations, and extinctions in both subcontinents

  9. RESEARCH ARTICLE Biological notes on a fungus-growing ant, Trachymyrmex cf. zeteki

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bermingham, Eldredge

    (near Gamboa, Panama´). Rela- tively little is known about the biology and natural history of these ants Panama´ from June to September 2006, and 20 nests from July 2009. We reared six wasp morphotypes; two wasps Á Adaptive radiations Á Trachymyrmex Introduction The New World fungus-growing ants (Hymenoptera

  10. Cenozoic biogeography and evolution in direct-developing frogs of Central America (Leptodactylidae: Eleutherodactylus)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crawford, Andrew J.

    ´n, Panama b Department of Biology, The University of Texas at Arlington, Arlington, TX 76019, USA Received. The subgenus Craugastor is monophyletic and its initial radiation was potentially rapid and adaptive. Within of Panama during the Pliocene. We elevate the subgenus Craugastor to the genus rank. Ó 2005 Elsevier Inc

  11. doi: 10.1098/rspb.2012.1124 , 3923-3931 first published online 25 July 20122792012Proc. R. Soc. B

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moorcroft, Paul R.

    in tree growth rates across four Variability in solar radiation and temperature explains Supplementary to on October 4, 2012rspb.royalsocietypublishing.orgDownloaded from #12;Variability in solar radiation, Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, APO AA 34002 Panama, Republic of Panama 3 Center for Tropical Forest

  12. Optimal photosynthetic use of light by tropical tree crowns achieved by adjustment of individual leaf angles and nitrogen content

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lechowicz, Martin J.

    Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, Roosevelt Avenue, Tupper Building ­ 401, Balboa, Anco´n, Panama´, Republic of Panama´ Received: 8 September 2008 Returned for revision: 8 October 2008 Accepted: 25 November per area, tropical trees, radiation use efficiency, scaling, leaf angle, canopy architecture, big leaf

  13. The evolution of antiherbivore defenses and their contribution to species coexistence in the tropical

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coley, Phyllis

    Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, Box 0843-03092, Balboa, Panama; cLaboratoire Evolution et Diversite (Fabaceae). Inga has >300 species, has radiated recently, and is frequently one of the most diverse and abundant genera at a given site. For 37 species from Panama and Peru we characterized developmental, ant

  14. Climate and Hydrological Factors Affecting Variation in Chlorophyll

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collin, Rachel

    in the Bahia Almirante, Panama Rachel Collin, Luis D'Croz, Plinio Gondola, and Juan B. Del Rosario ABSTRACT moni- toring in Bocas del Toro, Panama. Chlorophyll a concentrations did not vary significantly among depths decreased with rainfall and wind speed but increased with solar radiation, supporting the idea

  15. Grana, 2013 http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00173134.2012.760646

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bermingham, Eldredge

    Panama and Colombia/Venezuela suggests that the first Neotropical migration of Hedyosmum was from South the hypothesis of a recent radiation of the genus as a consequence of the uplift of the tropical Andes., Tupper Building ­ 401, Balboa, Ancón, Apo AA 34002-0948, Panamá, Republic of Panama. E-mail: jaramilloc

  16. Genome-wide patterns of divergence and gene flow across a butterfly radiation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mallet, James

    Genome-wide patterns of divergence and gene flow across a butterfly radiation NICOLA J. NADEAU, Panama City, Naos Island, Causeway Amador, Panama, Facultad de Ciencias Naturales y Matema butterflies are a diverse recent radiation comprising multiple levels of divergence with ongoing gene flow

  17. A new species of alcyonacean octocoral from the Peruvian zoogeographic region

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bermingham, Eldredge

    Jose´, Costa Rica, 2 Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, PO Box 0843-03092, Panama, Republic of Panama The first record of the plexaurid genus Psammogorgia from the shallow waters of Peru is reported more than 0.2 mm long; the occurrence of conspicuous star-like radiates; and the colour of the colony

  18. 2001 The Society for the Study of Evolution. All rights reserved. Evolution, 55(3), 2001, pp. 561572

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bermingham, Eldredge

    shifts between locations in the Sea of Cortez, Pacific Panama, Clipperton Island, and the Galapagos of Atlantic circulation patterns that accompanied the shoaling of the Isthmus of Panama. The low degree demonstrates how differences in geology and oceanography have influenced evolutionary radiations within each

  19. H.M. Guzma n C.A. Guevara I.C. Herna ndez Reproductive cycle of two commercial species of sea cucumber

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bermingham, Eldredge

    cucumber (Echinodermata: Holothuroidea) from Caribbean Panama Received: 28 February 2002 / Accepted: 15 over 16 months in Bocas del Toro (Panama), from Novem- ber 1999 to February 2001. Sexual reproduction photosynthetic radiation (Catalan and Yamamoto 1994). The information available on this fundamental pro- cess

  20. Conifers, Angiosperm Trees, and Lianas: Growth, Whole-Plant Water and Nitrogen Use Efficiency, and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bermingham, Eldredge

    , Balboa, Ancon, Republic of Panama Seedlings of several species of gymnosperm trees, angiosperm trees, and angiosperm lianas were grown under tropical field conditions in the Republic of Panama; physiological prior to the Cretaceous radiation in angiosperm diversity. How- ever, conifers are largely absent from

  1. &p.1:Abstract We evaluated the hypothesis that photosyn-thetic traits differ between leaves produced at the begin-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bermingham, Eldredge

    of a seasonally dry forest in Panama. Leaves produced at the end of the wet season were predicted to have higher). Because the relative seasonal change in solar radiation and air humidity is K. Kitajima · S.J. Wright Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, Box 2072, Balboa, Panama K. Kitajima · S.S. Mulkey University

  2. BULLETIN OF MARINE SCIENCE, 69(1): 203214, 2001 RESPONSES TO ELEVATED SEA WATER TEMPERATURE AND UV

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bermingham, Eldredge

    AND UV RADIATION IN THE CORAL PORITES LOBATA FROM UPWELLING AND NON-UPWELLING ENVIRONMENTS ON THE PACIFIC COAST OF PANAMA Luis D'Croz, Juan L. Maté and JoAnne E. Oke ABSTRACT The massive coral species Porites lobata from upwelling and non-upwelling envi- ronments on the Pacific coast of Panama was exposed

  3. Observations of eastward propagation of atmospheric intraseasonal oscillations from the Pacific to the Atlantic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Han, Weiqing

    Longwave Radiation (OLR) measurements for the period of 2000­2006, together with reanalysis of winds from­60 day wind variations in the equatorial Atlantic. The Isthmus of Panama appears to be a dominant pathway that reach the Caribbean through the Panama gap. The MJO is also shown to have a large influence

  4. Abstract This paper is part of a two-year study to investigate the feasibility of initiating a Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) project in an indigenous com-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bermingham, Eldredge

    -use/land-cover baseline scenario and examine the role of local participation in assessing land-use change. In Ipeti´, land of using local knowledge in the establishment of baseline data for CDM projects. Our calculations C. Potvin, Panama´, Panama´ T. Moore Department of Geography, McGill University, Montre´al, Canada 123 Mitig Adapt

  5. United States Navy Basic Plan Green-One: an analysis of the U.S. Navy's strategic war plan against Mexico

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schmidt, Steven Jon

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , the U. S. wanted stability in Mexico in order to keep foreign threats out of the hemisphere and away from the Panama Canal. Third, the U. S. wanted a secure southern border. Oil for its ships and a secure Panama Canal were vital to the U. S. Navy... to the U. S. effort to provide adequate defense of the Panama Canal. A month after the U. S. entered World War II Mexico declared war on the Axis powers as well. Furthermore, in January of 1942 a joint U. S. -Mexican Defense Commission was created...

  6. The effects of ferrochrome lignosulfonate on the respiration and excretion of the coral, Madracis mirabilis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Westerhaus, Mary Joanne

    1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    review of this manuscript. Gary Wolff and Fain Hubbard are due thanks for the drafting of the figures. Thanks also go to the men at the Naval Coastal Systems Laboratory, Panama City, Florida, and to the people at Potomac Research, Incorporated, Panama... seawater. The platform is a 100 x 100 i' t. structure located 12 miles West-Southwest of Panama City, Florida in the northeastern Gulf of Mexico. OXygen (0 ) consumption and ammonium (NH4+) excretion of the 2 coral~ Madracis mirabilis, were determined...

  7. SUMMARY OF PROPOSED AMENDMENT TO REGULATION FSU-2.024, TUITION AND FEES; MS-NURSE ANESTHESIA PROGRAM; MD TUITION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weston, Ken

    SUMMARY OF PROPOSED AMENDMENT TO REGULATION FSU-2.024, TUITION AND FEES; MS-NURSE ANESTHESIA for a new Master of Science in Nurse Anesthesia program at the Panama City Florida Campus. The new program

  8. Vertical flux, ecology and dissolution of radiolaria in tropical oceans : implications for the silica cycle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Takahashi, Kozo

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Radiolarians which settle through the oceanic water column were recovered from three stations (western Tropical Atlantic-Station E, central Tropical Pacific-P1 and Panama Basin-PB) using PARFLUX sediment traps in moored ...

  9. Globalization and the Rule of Law Jeffrey D. Sachs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    important events recorded in the history of mankind." In Smith's #12;theory, borne out by two centuries dubbed "the Victorian Internet"), the Suez and Panama canals, automobiles, airplanes, container ships

  10. California Energy Commission STAFF REPORT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    environmental quality. The standards must be cost-effective based on the life cycle Development Office Panama Bartholomy Deputy Director Efficiency and Renewable Energy Division Robert P for both residential and nonresidential buildings to ensure that building construction, system

  11. Modern Calibrations of Temperature and Nutrient Proxies for Paleoenvironmental Reconstructions in Tropical Mollusks 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Graniero, Lauren E

    2014-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    that threaten the Bocas del Toro Archipelago, Panama (Klaus et al., 2011; Aronson et al., 2014). Dredging for shipping in Bocas del Toro results in physical damage to these ecosystems (Seemann et al., 2014). Indirect consequences include the removal...

  12. SHORT COMMUNICATIONS Nesting Biology of Euglossa dodsoni Moure (Hymenoptera: Euglossinae)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bermingham, Eldredge

    an isolated trail leading from the main road between Fortuna and Bocas del Toro (Chiriqui´ Province, Republic of Panama), approximately 2 km E of the Fortuna Dam. Nests were collected and transported to the Centro de

  13. Genomics of Climate Resilience (2013 DOE JGI Genomics of Energy and Environment 8th Annual User Meeting)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bermingham, Eldredge [STRI-Panama

    2013-03-27T23:59:59.000Z

    Eldredge Bermingham of the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute-Panama on "Genomics of climate resilience" at the 8th Annual Genomics of Energy & Environment Meeting on March 27, 2013 in Walnut Creek, Calif.

  14. Accepted by J. Padial: 7 Apr. 2011; published: 25 May 2011 65 ISSN 1175-5326 (print edition)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crawford, Andrew J.

    , Departamento de Zoología, Universidad de Panamá, Panama, Republic of Panamá. E-mail: sam@samfrogs.com 7. Images of MVUP 2042 can be seen online at http:// biogeodb

  15. RENEWABLE ENERGY PROGRAM OVERALL PROGRAM GUIDEBOOK

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    RENEWABLE ENERGY PROGRAM OVERALL PROGRAM GUIDEBOOK Committee Draft Guidebook Third Edition.D. Commissioner Associate Member Kate Zocchetti Project Manager Tony Gonçalves Office Manager Renewable Energy Office Panama Bartholomy Deputy Director Efficiency and Renewable Energy Division Melissa Jones Executive

  16. COMMISSION REPORT RENEWABLE ENERGY PROGRAM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    COMMISSION REPORT RENEWABLE ENERGY PROGRAM 2011 ANNUAL REPORT Authors Lorraine Gonzalez Madeleine Meade Project Manager Tony Gonçalves Office Manager Renewable Energy Office Panama Bartholomy Deputy Director Energy Efficiency and Renewables Division Robert Oglesby

  17. RENEWABLE ENERGY PROGRAM OVERALL PROGRAM GUIDEBOOK

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    RENEWABLE ENERGY PROGRAM OVERALL PROGRAM GUIDEBOOK Final Committee Draft Guidebook Third Edition.D. Commissioner Associate Member Kate Zocchetti Project Manager Tony Gonçalves Office Manager Renewable Energy Office Panama Bartholomy Deputy Director Efficiency and Renewable Energy Division Melissa Jones Executive

  18. Tuna-Dolphin-Bird Feeding Assemblages in the Galapagos Islands and Their Response to the Physical Characteristics of the Upper Water Column

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnston, Michelle

    2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

    , regardless of season or ENSO index. High salinity, cold water west of Isla Isabela indicated topographic upwelling of the Equatorial Undercurrent. Tropical Surface Waters from the Panama Current were detected north of the Equatorial Front to the east...

  19. Erosion and Sedimentation on the Carnegie Ridge, Eastern Equatorial Pacific

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brooks, Caroline Kelly

    2014-11-17T23:59:59.000Z

    The Carnegie Ridge is an aseismic ridge that bounds the south flank of the Panama Basin. Dynamic sedimentation around Carnegie Ridge is shown by evidence of erosion, dissolution and re-deposition of pelagic sediments where erosive episodes have...

  20. Zoogeography and systematics of the shallow water echinodermata of Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pomory, Christopher Mark

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Guatemala Honduras Nicarag Cos Oo Jamaica Haiti Guadeloupe Oa Dominica ~Martinique tySt Lucia +Barbados @&~St- Vincent Gpr nada Tobago rinidad Belize Puerto Rico Curacao Aru 1 Bonaire a ~ ia a Rica Venezuela Panama Anguilla St. Martin...

  1. Eastern Equatorial Pacific Ocean Sedimentation: Investigating Constant Flux Proxies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Singh, Ajay 1980-

    2012-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

    Age-model derived sediment mass accumulation rates (MARs) are consistently higher than 230Th-normalized MARs in the Equatorial Pacific Ocean during the past 25 ka. The offset, being highest in the Panama Basin, suggests sediment redistribution...

  2. The Influence of Nearshore Bars on Infragravity Energy at the Shoreline

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cox, Nicholas Carroll

    2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

    ............................................................................................. 40? Figure 3-3? Location of LiDAR Data .......................................................................... 48? Figure 3-4? Example of Raw LiDAR data from Panama City Beach, FL. ................. 48? Figure 3-5? Bar Locations from LiDAR Data...

  3. Phylogeographic Patterns of the Intertidal Isopods Excirolana braziliensis and Excirolana mayana (Isopoda: Cirolanidae)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Shuang

    2013-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

    in the Gulf of California. Adults of these isopods are distributed at the highest tidal levels, and phylogeographic studies of Excirolana in Panama and Chile have shown restricted gene flow among populations separated by relatively short distances...

  4. Research Paper Abstract: Studies with seedlings of tropical rainforest trees (Ca-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bermingham, Eldredge

    photosynthetic perfor- mance and growth. Seedlings were cultivated in pots at a field site in Central Panama (98N) and separated into two groups: (1) plants exposed to full solar radiation; (2) plants subjected to automatic

  5. Accepted by J. Whitfield: 7 Dec. 2004; published: 17 Dec. 2004 1 ISSN 1175-5326 (print edition)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Villemant, Claire

    with significant indigenous radiations in the New World are Azteca, Dolichoderus, Dory- myrmex, Forelius tramp species and, paradoxi- cally, one native species from Panama and Costa Rica (Wheeler 1934, Longino

  6. Rhodinocichla rosea Is an Emberizid (Aves; Passeriformes) Based on Mitochondrial DNA Analyses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bermingham, Eldredge

    , Panama Received September 16, 1997; revised March 25, 1997 The systematic position of the avian species, that the radiation of that fam- ily was explosive. Apparently, the extent of the tana- gers as a higher taxon needs

  7. The NASA Tropical Composition, Cloud and Climate Coupling Mission

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    a dramatic effect on the overall amount of radiation and heat the Earth's atmosphere contains. These systems Rica in the Gulf of Panama are remarkably intense for tropical maritime systems due to a number

  8. This article appeared in a journal published by Elsevier. The attached copy is furnished to the author for internal non-commercial research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    radiation Species trees Systematics a b s t r a c t Spiny lizards (genus Sceloporus) represent one Panama (Sites et al., 1992; Smith, 1939, 1946). The genus is partitioned into 21 monophyletic species

  9. A Conserved Supergene Locus Controls Colour Pattern Diversity in Heliconius Butterflies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , United Kingdom, 6 Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, Balboa, Panama, 7 Jiro´n Alegri´a Arias de that have undergone recent adaptive radiations [9­11]. We are therefore interested in the evolution

  10. Genomic Hotspots for Adaptation: The Population Genetics of Mullerian Mimicry in the Heliconius

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Balboa, Panama, 3 School of Biosciences, University of Exeter in Cornwall, Penryn, United Kingdom, 4¨llerian mimicry and phenotypic radiation under strong natural selection. The loci controlling such patterns

  11. J O U R N A L O F Volume 270, Number 12, Month 2009

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bermingham, Eldredge

    and Archeology, PO Box 2072, Balboa, Republic of Panama ABSTRACT Numerous gross morphological attributes to their massive radiation and dominance in benthic habitats that began shortly after the appearance of incubation

  12. Patterns and processes in the evolutionary history of parrotfishes (Family Labridae)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bermingham, Eldredge

    Research Institute, Ancon, Balboa, Republic of Panama 3 School of Biological Sciences, University of the Linnean Society, 2012, ··, ··­··. ADDITIONAL KEYWORDS: adaptive radiation ­ evolution ­ sexual selection ­ speciation ­ reef fish. INTRODUCTION Adaptive radiations are episodes of phenotypic diver- sification

  13. Copyright 2005 by the Genetics Society of America DOI: 10.1534/genetics.104.034686

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bermingham, Eldredge

    Institute, AA2072 Balboa, Repu´blica de Panama´, The Galton Laboratory, Department of Biology, University radiation. The Mendelian genetics of mimetic color patterns in Heliconius have been well studied using

  14. Ecosystem structure along bioclimatic gradients in Hawai'i from imaging spectroscopy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elmore, Andrew J.

    of Global Ecology, Carnegie Institution of Washington, 260 Panama Street, Stanford, CA 94305, USA b-photosynthetic vegetation; Remote sensing; Shortwave-infrared radiation; Spectral mixture analysis; SWIR 1. Introduction

  15. 2004 The Society for the Study of Evolution. All rights reserved. Evolution, 58(8), 2004, pp. 16641673

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bermingham, Eldredge

    Tropical Research Institute, Unit 0948, APO AA 34002-0948, Panama E-mail: eb@stri.org, eb of colonization, radiation, and extinction of taxa. Understanding the dynamics of community assembly depends

  16. 2004 The Society for the Study of Evolution. All rights reserved. Evolution, 58(10), 2004, pp. 22522265

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schultz, Ted

    , Balboa, Republic of Panama 5Department of Systematic Biology, MRC 188, National Museum of Natural History radiation that has resulted in 13 extant genera containing more than 210 described species, all ob- ligately

  17. first published online 27 July 2011, doi: 10.1098/rspb.2011.13552792012Proc. R. Soc. B William T. Wcislo

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bermingham, Eldredge

    ´n, Repu´blica de Panama´ 2 Laborato´rio de Biologia Comparada de Hymenoptera, Departamento de Zoologia-light; Augochlorini; adaptive radiation; relictual taxa 1. INTRODUCTION The invasion of a novel sensory environment

  18. Caribbean Journal of Science, Vol. 27, No. 3-4, 173-179, 1991 Copyright 1991 College of Arts and Sciences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Losos, Jonathan B.

    this genus one of the best known among vertebrates. Nonetheless, some aspects of the anole radiation (BCI), Panama, and compare its biology to large West Indian Anolis. METHODS Size Distribution

  19. Survival of Marine Larvae Under the Countervailing Selective Pressures of Photodamage and Predation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bermingham, Eldredge

    , Balboa, Republic of Panama, or Unit 0948, APO AA 34002- Abstract Unlike most zooplankters, larvae the day. Chromatophores possibly protect these larvae from ultraviolet radiation (UVR), but may increase

  20. Volume edited in 1990 Hladik, C.M., Bahuchet, S. & Garine, I. de (Eds)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    such as the radiating branch tiers of Pycnanthus angolensis (six trees of this species can be seen on this photograph. Linares (Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, Panama), R.A.A. Oldeman (Wageningcn University

  1. A climate for speciation: Rapid spatial diversification within the Sorex cinereus complex of shrews

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in rapid radiations of a number of organisms. Shrews of the Sorex cinereus complex have long challenged of Panama. As such, the relative influence of different drivers of evolution related to environmental change

  2. doi: 10.1098/rspb.2011.1732 published online 12 October 2011Proc. R. Soc. B

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bermingham, Eldredge

    , Balboa, Ancon, AA 0843-03092, Panama 8 Department of Anatomical Sciences, Stony Brook University, Stony), as previously considered, the arrival of caviomorphs and their initial radiation in South America probably

  3. Geosci. Model Dev., 5, 185191, 2012 www.geosci-model-dev.net/5/185/2012/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    12Carnegie Institution of Washington, Department of Global Ecology, 260 Panama St., Stanford, CA the Supplement to include these new reconstructions and correct a minor typographic error in the net radiative

  4. American Journal of Botany 98(5): 872895. 2011. American Journal of Botany 98(5): 872895, 2011; http://www.amjbot.org/ 2011 Botanical Society of America

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sytsma, Kenneth J.

    (e-mail: givnish@wisc.edu) doi:10.3732/ajb.1000059 PHYLOGENY, ADAPTIVE RADIATION, AND HISTORICAL of Oxford, Oxford OX1 3RB, UK; 11Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, Balboa, Ancon, Republic of Panama

  5. American Journal of Botany 92(11): 18991910. 2005. RAPID SPECIATION AND THE EVOLUTION OF

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Olmstead, Richard

    to a monophyletic neotropical species radiation. The neotropical species have large, showy flowers visited by either, Andean orogeny, and the closing of the Panama isthmus that occurred in the Pliocene and Pleistocene

  6. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 30(1):139162, January 2010 2010 by the Society of Vertebrate Paleontology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bermingham, Eldredge

    Institute, Box 0843-03092 and no. 8232, Balboa-Ancon, Panama, jaramilloc@si.edu ABSTRACT--The fossil record, together with undescribed taxa from the Cerrej´on Formation, suggests a radiation of dyrosaurid

  7. PHOTOGRAMMETRIC ENGINEERING & REMOTE SENSING July 2008 921 Photogrammetric Engineering & Remote Sensing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Le

    seasonality in climatic variables such as rainfall, solar radiation, wind speed, and relative humidity. Such seasonality is typical of the mangrove forests we study along the Caribbean coast of Panama. Tied

  8. F. G. WALTON SMITH PRINCIPAL CHARACTERISTICS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miami, University of

    in Panama City, Florida, the catamaran boasts twin Cummins engines at 760 hp each, Servogear variable pitch and direction, air temperature, relative humidity, barometric pressure, and solar radiation; -Over

  9. doi: 10.1098/rspb.2011.1355 published online 27 July 2011Proc. R. Soc. B

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bermingham, Eldredge

    ´n, Repu´blica de Panama´ 2 Laborato´rio de Biologia Comparada de Hymenoptera, Departamento de Zoologia-light; Augochlorini; adaptive radiation; relictual taxa 1. INTRODUCTION The invasion of a novel sensory environment

  10. 1218 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ANTENNAS AND PROPAGATION, VOL. 47, NO. 7, JULY 1999 Local Spectral Analysis of Short-Pulse Excited

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Melamed, Timor

    -1-0039. The work of L. B. Felsen was supported in part by the Naval Coastal Systems Center, Panama City, FL, under- main are known. These induced sources, when subjected to space­time windowed transforms, radiate

  11. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society (2001), 73: 391409. With 5 figures doi:10.1006/bijl.2001.0544, available online at http://www.idealibrary.com on

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Palumbi, Stephen

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    in the Miocene, and that much of the known diversity of Conus that was generated during Miocene radiations has, molluscs (in-Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, Box 2072, Balboa, Anco´n, Republic of Panama´. E

  12. 48 Accepted by M. Vences: 29 Oct. 2009; published: 2 Dec. 2009 ISSN 1175-5326 (print edition)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Jason

    different geographic radiations. The minuta group comprises 12 species occurring in the Colombian Andes, the Chocó, and parts of Panama. The ventrimaculata group is composed of 15 species occurring throughout

  13. Modeling Genetic Strategies for Controlling Mosquito-Borne Diseases

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Langerhans, Brian

    Introduce a large number of sterile mosquitoes (e.g. radiation sterilized): Sterile females will have as the Panama Canal Vector Population Suppression Image credit: John Kucharski ARS-USDA #12;Screwworm fly

  14. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA Vol. 92, pp. 636-640, January 1995

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Institution of Washington, 290 Panama Street, Stanford, CA 94305; and tCentre for Biotechnology, Jawaharlal encoding HLIP is induced by high light and blue/UV-A radiation. The evolution, regulation, and potential

  15. 51979 meeting.public 022210.ptx

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Public Hearing February 22, 2010 40 1 One of them was a -- blast a nuke canal 2 across Panama with small atomic bombs. I had to do 3 this analysis on whether that was practical...

  16. Synthetic Aperture Sonar Imaging via One-Way Wave Quyen Huynh

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    produces a Naval Surface Warfare Center - Panama City FL, research partially supported by the US Office in the phase of the real aperture data. We adopt the Stop and Go model; a point source radiates at time t = 0

  17. Strikingly variable divergence times inferred across an Amazonian butterfly `suture zone'

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of Panama 5 Institute of Evolutionary Biology, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh EH9 3JT, UK 6 Museo de et al. 2003). In another recent study, Flanagan et al. (2004) reported that the radiation of wing

  18. STRUCTURAL CLIMATE Chris Brierley UCL Geography

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, Peter JS

    ) Movement of Indonesia and New Guinea c) Emergence of Isthmus of Panama d) Increase in Tropical Cyclones e by CO2 radiative forcing being generally greater over land. is *1.3, Fig. 3, bottom panel). Any

  19. Organisms, Diversity & Evolution 5 (2005) 147159 Phylogeny and biogeography of Valerianaceae (Dipsacales) with special

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Donoghue, Michael

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    radiation, primarily in the high elevation paramo habitat. A variety of methods were used to estimate to the formation of the Isthmus of Panama. r 2005 Gesellschaft fu¨ r Biologische Systematik. Published by Elsevier

  20. Ecology, 86(10), 2005, pp. 26332643 2005 by the Ecological Society of America

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coley, Phyllis

    Research Institute, Balboa, Panama 3McGill University, Department of Natural Resource Sciences, Macdonald, Edinburgh EH3 5LR, UK Abstract. In the recently radiated genus Inga (Fabaceae), few nucleotide substitutions

  1. Phylogeny and comparative phylogeography of Sclerurus (Aves

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cuervo, Andrés

    constant and cryptic diversification in an old radiation of rain forest understorey specialists Fernando M (e.g. Nicaragua Depression, Isthmus of Panama, Andean Cordillera, great rivers of Amazonia

  2. The Astrophysical Journal, 629:L125L128, 2005 August 20 2005. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved. Printed in U.S.A.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stancil, Phillip C.

    of the resulting ions, which may then decay radiatively and in the process emit X-ray and/or EUV radiation. SWCX; beiersdorfer@llnl.gov. 4 Natural Sciences Division, Gulf Coast Community College, Panama City, FL 32401

  3. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 2004, 81, 483517. With 17 figures 2004 The Linnean Society of London, Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 2004, 81, 483517 483

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Franz, Nico M.

    of the interaction among species of derelomine flower weevils (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Derelomini) and the Panama that no specific pattern of relation- ships must be associated with the hypothesis of escape-and-radiation

  4. Plants reverse warming effect on ecosystem water balance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zavaleta, Erika

    ; and Carnegie Institution of Washington, 260 Panama Street, Stanford, CA 94305 Edited by W. G. Ernst, Stanford. Since November 1998, we have exposed these plots to simulated warming (80 W m-2 of thermal radiation

  5. TREE vol. 2, no. 6, June 1987 Species diversity on the earth has in-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Benton, Michael

    by mass extinctions and widespread radiations. Various models for global taxonomic diversification have in the canopy of specific trees in Panama over several sea- sons, and counted the numbers of species

  6. vol. 170, supplement the american naturalist august 2007 Climate, Niche Conservatism, and the Global

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bermingham, Eldredge

    and Archeology, Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, Unit 0948, APO AA 34002-0948, Panama; 4. Network arises from dispersal of clades from centers of origin and subsequent radiations. Overall, the diversity

  7. Evolutionary genomics of divergence and adaptation within the model fungi Neurospora crassa and Neurospora tetrasperma

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ellison, Christopher

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    JW57 Panama JW56 Venezuela Haiti JW49 JW52 JW5 D88 JW47 D56and Caribbean (Florida, Haiti, Yucatan) populations,Dettman, J. Carrefour Dufort, Haiti grass D59 a Dettman, J.

  8. Abstract We describe fruiting characteristics for 12 spe-cies in a community of strangler figs (Moraceae: Urostig-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bermingham, Eldredge

    /seed dis- perser guilds and different fig species are unclear and bear on the general question 2072, Balboa, Panama C. Korine (u) Jacob Blaustein Institute for Desert Research, Ben-Gurion Uni

  9. Robert is a first-generation college student, who actually spent his first months living and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kasman, Alex

    are really helpful and cool.All of them maintain an open-door policy, which is awesome. "In one professor, Argentina; and summer programs in Costa Rica, Panama, Peru and Spain. Our graduates move on to study

  10. Special Publication No. 3, Ticks And Tickborne Diseases, I. Genera And Species of Ticks, Part 1. Genera A-G

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Doss, Mildred A.; Farr, Marion M.; Roach, Katharine F.; Anastos, George

    1974-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    River, Belgian Congo, Euxerus erythropus maestus; Paiata, Liberia, Papio cynocephalus; Kilosa, Tanganyika Territory) Darling, S. T., ( 1912N), 71-73 (Cathartes aura, Lep- todeira albofusca, Mus norvegicus; Panama City) Dinnik, J. ?., Walker, J... americana, Bos taurus; Panama) Faust, E. C., (1929A), 27-44 (dogs; China) da Fonseca, F., (1954c), 93-167 (Myrmecophaga t. tridactyla; Brazil) da Fonseca, F., [1959c], 99-186 (Monodelphys domes- tica; Brazil) da Fonseca, F., (1960?), 89-144 (Dasyprocta...

  11. A survey of the mammals and their ectoparasites at the United States cattle fever tick research work site

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hayes, Stanton Layton

    1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Oklahoma South Caroltna Texas Virgania exes Panara Oklahoma Caizfornia Alabama A. kansas Calxfornia Florida Georgia New York I)ortn Carol&na Nova Scot&a Onio Oklahoma Texas V rginin Wtsconstn Tean Panama Alabama Ark"&, a Canada.... th Carolina 0'xlahoma T xas I xas Georgia Alabama Georgta Par asm Gaoj'gl:4 P nanm Panama fl bema Ceoj gta North Carolina Tax a Georgia Oklahoma Panaam Not th Carolina Kansas Georgia Oklahoma Alabama loj ida Georgia Texas Oeot...

  12. A study of the observed areal distribution of rainfall as a function of the density of rain gages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alvarez Bernal, Fernando

    1969-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . W. K. Henry A study was made of reported rainfall as a function of the density oi gages for several geographical areas including Tezas, Colombia, Guyana, Panama, Venezuela, and Ecuador--each having different terrain effects. Consideration..., and Panama areas using mean-monthly data. . . . . . . . . . . . , . . . . . . 40 Comparison of depth-area relations from different gage density for one storm in East Yegua basin Cl?niiydg I l. 'ITRC?'UCTTOK Those "!ho i:ork i!it/ raiuf all iiata know...

  13. An investigation of rainfall patterns in Central America

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gramzow, Richard Haven

    1970-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . Panama. The area lies between 7 north latitude and 16 o 0 north latitude and is bounded on the east by the 78 west longitude line and on the west by the 90 west longitude line. An agricultural economy prevails thoughout most of the area. Bananas... may occur when adequate data are not available. CHAPTER II COHTROL IHFORMATIOH Climatic Controls The topography of Central America has a great effect on the rainfall of the area. High mountains and plateaus extend from western Panama...

  14. Effect of dissolved oxygen on stomach evacuation rate of juvenile red drum (Sciaenops ocellatus)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Becerra Illingworth, Jorge Alberto

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    occurring populations off the southern Atlantic and Gulf of Mexico coasts. Regulation of red drum fisheries has created an emerging aquaculture industry in the U. S. A. , the Republic of Panama, and the Republic of Ecuador. Extensive research... drum in commercial aquaculture ponds in Panama, by depressing food consumption. It has been demonstrated that the metabolic rate of carnivorous fishes increases drastically after feeding and then gradually decreases to pre-feeding levels over periods...

  15. Special Publication No. 3, Ticks and Tickborne Diseases, II. Hosts, Part 3. Q-Z

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Doss, Mildred A.; Farr, Marion M.; Roach, Katharine F.; Anastos, George

    ., & Tipton, V. J., (1966A), 167-219) (Panama) QUISCALUS Aves Passeriformes Quiscalus quiscula Haemaphysalis lepo rispalustris (Keirans, J. ?. , (1967?), 40-42) (New England) Haemaphysalis leporispalustris (Clifford, C. ?., Anastos, G., & Eibl... variabilis (Bishopp, F.C., Trembley, H.L., (1945A), 1-54) (United States) Haemaphysalis leporis-palustris (Bishopp, F.C., ? Trembley, H. L. , (1945A), 1-54) (United States) Haemaphysalis leporis-palustris (Fairchild, G. ?., (1943A), 569-591) (Panama...

  16. Effects of three substrate variables on two artificial reef fish communities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chandler, Charlie Ray

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    associated with two artificial reefs were investigated off Panama City, Florida. The reefs, known as Inshore and Offshore Barges, were steel barges of identical size and shape which were located close enough to one another to insure their ichthyofaunal.... To Vicki, Terra Dawn, and ? ACKNOWLEDGMENTS I would like to thank Messrs. Tony Traviesa, Danny Grizzard, and the staff of the Panama City Marine Institute for their tremendous financial and logistical support in conducting this study. Special thanks...

  17. Some associations of rainfall in Central America

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barnard, Sidney Owen

    1965-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    on the Pacific coast of Costa Rica and Panama. Generally, high associations are limited to small geographical areas. The Pacific coast areas have higher association than do areas in the mountains or on the Caribbean coast. Associations across the isthmus... activity is not evident in the mountains. Association patterns in southern Costa Rica and southwestern Panama suggest that relatively small terrain features combined with the sea breeze front have great effects on the rainfall variations...

  18. Diplomacy of the Tehuantepec Isthmian transit question, 1845-1904

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parker, James Carlyle

    1966-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Oceans. The controversial diplomacy leading to tlze acquisition of the Canal Zone, the construction of the Panama Canal, and the Nicaraguan transit rights, have all been examined in the most minute detail. There az. e several excellent monographic... in the shadows of the other main isthmian routes, Panama and Nicaragua. It has been the pzimary objective of this thesis to provide a detailed study of the Tehuantepec Isthmus question in the hope of bridging this one gap. The thesis has pointed out...

  19. Supplement 18, Part 5, Parasite-Subject Catalogue: Parasites: Arthropoda And Miscellaneous Phyla

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Segal, Dorothy B.; Humphrey, Judith M.; Rayburn, Jane D.; Podani, Jule M.; Edwards, Shirley J.; Kirby, Margie D.

    1972-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , (tod) Syns.: Ichoronyssus dentipes Strandtmann and Eads, 1947; Neoichoronyssus dentipes (Strandtmann and Eads, 1947) Proechimys semispinosus Canal Zone Sigmodon hispidus Panama Acari Sorex araneus Lapina, I. M., I96I a Latvian SSR Acaridae [sp...., copha (Jordan) I966 a, 318-319, pis. 87, 88 Didelphis marsupialis caucae all from Panama Metachirus nudicaudatus dentaneus Philander opossum fuscogriseus Marmosa robinsoni Oryzomys caliginosus Proechimys semispinosus panamensis Adoristes ovatus...

  20. A study of Anglicisms in Panamanian speech

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lavin, Patricia Ann

    1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and analyzed. Historically, Americans and Panamanians have had nearly 130 years of contact on the isthmus of Panama, a contact which has been intensified as the years go on. The entries presented here are the direct manifestations of American English... OF CONTENTS Page ABSTRACT ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS DEDICATION CHAPTER I iv INTRODUCTION CHAPTER II ANGLICISMS Types Sources Anglicisms in Perspective Attitudes Towards Anglicisms Notes 10 12 CHAPTER III PANAMA 13 Geography Foreign Influences...

  1. A shipping crate from the 1865 California shipwreck Brother Jonathan: hardware from the Russell and Erwin Manufacturing Company

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sowden, Carrie Elizabeth

    2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

    of the Problem ????????????.3 Outline ????????????????????...5 II THE HISTORY OF THE BROTHER JONATHAN ??????. 8 The Beginning ?????????????????.. 8 The Panama Route ???????????????? 11 The Nicaragua Route ??????????????? 15 San... different trade routes during its history. It was built for the California gold rush, but it worked on both sides of the Panama and Nicaragua isthmus. After the initial California gold rush was over, it traded coastally from San Diego to Vancouver Island...

  2. The occurrence and distribution of the hydroida of the Galveston Bay, Texas, area

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Defenbaugh, Richard Eugene

    1970-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    NW Gulf IIE Gulf So. Atl. Coast So Atl. Coast Caribbean Caribbean Caribbean Caribbean Cererae-V ives and Gray, 1966 (29) Dawson, 1966 Cory, 1967 Gaille, 1967 2 1 2 14 North Carolina Grand Isle, La. Patuxent R. , Md. Off Panama City... Off Panama City Horn Island, Miss. Off C. Hatteras Alligator Harbor NE Gulf NE Gulf So. Atl. Coast NE Gulf It becomes clear, therefore, that (excluding the four previously mentioned monographs) only ten major papers giving original reports...

  3. Nannofossil biostratigraphy and paleoceanography of the eastern equatorial Pacific

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zurita Fabre, Guillermo

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and Anderson (1978) noted a decrease of the dissolution effect on the calcium carbonate fluctuations, the productivity effect remaining the same. Moore and others (1973) studied the distribution of biogenic sediments in the Panama Basin. They found... no obvious correlation between the productivity pattern of the area and the distribution of calcium carbonate of the surface sediments, and concluded that the calcium carbonate distribution follows the bathymetry (dissolution pattern) of the Panama Basin...

  4. Texas Rice, Volume VI, Number 7

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    elementary education. Julio Castillo was born in the Republic of Panama, the oldest of 8 children. His father farmed rice, corn and vegetables, both for sale and the family table. The high school Julio attended was a technical school specializing... to venture out and expand his horizons beyond the family farm. After high school, he enrolled at the University of Panama to pursue a BS in Agronomy. After completing his degree, he continued to work at the university in the weed science project...

  5. A cross-national study of the pattern of modernization in the developing countries, 1965-75

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Choi, Kwok-on Frankie

    1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    COUNTRIES? 1965 AND 1973 (IN U. S. $) Countries 1965" GNP Rank 1 973+? GNP Rank Venezuela Argentina Greece Uraguay Chile Spain Libya Jamaica Panama Mexico Lebanon Costa Rica Portugal Peru Nicaragua Guatemala Malaysia Ghana Colombia... Portugal Greece Kenya (white pop. only) Lebanon Iran Jordan C olombia Jamaica Libya Brazil Malaysia Uraguay Paraguay Peru Mexico Syria Egypt Iraq Sri Lanka Costa Rica Panama Guatemala Ecuador South Korea Ghana Ethiopia Turkey India...

  6. Quality Assurance Manual for the "Frutas y Verduras" produce operation: 1. Initial considerations on the evaluaton and conservation of vegetables

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Riba, Edgard Luis

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Abstract This professional paper is the starting point for the development of the Quality Assurance Manual for the produce operation "Frutas y Verduras, " in the Republic of Panama. The paper deals with the main vegetables handled by the Frutas y... description of what the handling practices are at the present time, and also, gives recommendations on what they should be. 2 ALLIUM 2. 1 Bunching onion (Cebollina, Allium fistulosum): 2. 1. 1 Description Bunching onions, as consumed in Panama, do...

  7. Himalayan Journal of Sciences Volume 4, Issue 6, 2007

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mainali, Kumar P

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . In addition, many EIAs are laughably superficial. For example, a biological survey for a planned housing complex in Panama’s suburban forests identified only 12 common bird species. A 2-hour census of the same area by experienced birdwatchers tallied 121... on these and other focal areas. Please visit our Web site for updates and discussion.w w w .h im js ci .c om w w w .him jsci.com Published by Himalayan Association for the Advancement of Science Lalitpur, Nepal GPO Box No. 2838 editorial An open access database...

  8. Aspects of the natural history of freshwater turtles within the lower Rio Grande Valley of Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grosmaire, Eric Kevin

    1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , respectively. Webb (1961) found that 55K of the C. ~seri ta population in Lake Texoma, Ok'fahoma, were adults, while Moll and Legler (1971) reported that adults comprised 63K of Panama- nain populations. A breakdown of each of these populations is pre... are arranged from north to south. Adult Adult Locality N Male Female Juvenile Source Southern Illinois Lake Texoma, Oklahoma Louisiana Southern Texas Panama 1376 34. 2% 46. 7l 19. 1$ Cagle, 1942 98 42. 0X 13. 0% 43. 0% Webb, 1961 1202 33. 3f 35. 3...

  9. Fusing passions for conservation: Using anthropology and ecology to aid conservation efforts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ransom, McCall

    2014-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

    into an environment where my native tongue was for- eign - all for the first time. Three connecting flights, a taxi, and three bus rides later (one bus broke down so Katherine and I grabbed the last available bus), we arrived in Santa Fe, Panama. Katherine had been... in Central Panama for the past decade off and on initially serving in the Peace Corps and recently doing research for her dissertation. The first day, I met many people that I would be in frequent contact with throughout the remainder of my stay. Yet...

  10. The banana industry in Costa Rica: the effects of a single European market for bananas in 1992

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Esquivel, Mario

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and to make available a broader base of common knowledge. Caaha Bim Costa Rica is a small country located in Central America between Panama and Nicaragua (10 degrees North Latitude and 84 degrees west longitude). It borders to the North with Nicaragua..., to the South with Panama, to the East with the Atlantic Ocean, and to the West with the Pacific Ocean (Figure 2). Its land area is 19, 730 square miles (51, 100 square kilometers) which is about the size of West Virginia. Its population was estimated...

  11. Selected aspects of the ecology of the Central American mud turtle, Staurotypus salvinii

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dean, Robert Hayes

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    studies have been done on neotropical turtles. Nol 1 and Legler (1971) studied C. ~seri ta in Panama, and Nedem (1977) studied ~Che1 d ~sti 1 C 1 bi a. Alvarez del Toro (1973) noted that little is known of the natural history of the staurotypine..., it excludes biases set in the modified Lincoln Index method. The total turtle population density estimate of 144. 5 turtles per ha can be compared to Moll and Legler's (1971) estimate of 190 per ha for the neotropical C. ~seri ta in Panama. Population size...

  12. Factors influencing the successful expansion of Ecuadors tuna purse seine fleet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jelley, Susan Elizabeth

    1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    res Marias Islands Gulf of Panama 'Cocos Island 11'. Galapagos I'slands ( Ecuador) Guayaquil r-, Chimbote Hank (14-fathom Spot) 120' 110' 100' 90' 80' 70' Figure 1. Names of banks, islands, and gulfs mentioned in text; boundary... of mean maximum rainfall centered along 10"iIi becomes increasinqly prom- inr nt to the east and maximizes in the Gulf of Panama, where salinity is only 29. 5 o/oo. At 500-1000m depths one finds Antarctic intermediate water salin- ities. lg 2~1. 5 I...

  13. A preliminary analysis of geographic variation in the neotropical teiid lizard, Cnemidophorus lemniscatus (Sauria: Teiidae), from Mainland Central and South America

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCrystal, Hugh Kreyer

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of the biology of Honduras to Panama and east through French Guiana, possessed the typical C. lemniscatus patterns (DP7-9); In 46/. of all specimens examined in this study, pattern types DP7 and DP9 are observed almost equally. The third typical pattern type... = Puerto Cortes, Honduras; g4 = Surinam; T";5 = i~laturin, Venezuela; 66 Falcon, Venezuela; g7 = Bolivar, Venezuela; g8 = Camatagua, Venezuela; P9 = Guyana; $1G Baranquilla, Colombia; $11 = Yaviza, Panama; 514 = Apure, Venezuela; f16 = Villavicencio...

  14. Special Publication No. 3, Ticks And Tickborne Diseases, I. Genera And Species Of Ticks, Part 3. Genera O-X

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Doss, Mildred A.; Farr, Marion M.; Roach, Katharine F.; Anastos, George

    1974-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . of Alectorobius (Pavlovskyella) asperus) Ornithodoros azteci Matheson, R. , (1935A), 347-353 (Hemiderma perspicil- latum aztecum, De smodus rotundus murinus; Panama) Briceno Iragorry, L. , and Ortiz, I. , (1956A), 45-46 ?erny, V., (1966C), 1-10 (Cuba) Cernf... nana; Cuba) Cooley, R. ?., (1942A), 77-84 (syn.: Ornithodoros azduzei) (Canal Zone, Venezuela, Panama & Cuba) Cooley, R. A. and Kohls, G. ?. , (1944A), 1-152 Davis, G. ?. , (1942A), 67-76 D?az-Ungr?a, ?., (1957A), 457-467 (Venezuela) Fairchild, G...

  15. A taxonomic revision of the Liophis lineatus complex (Reptilia:Colubridae) of Central and South America

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michaud, Edward Joseph

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ' t d t 4 intraspecific variation. 3. Pattern illustrations of the anterior and p* t ' 6 dy f ~L'* h' ~ 1' t . KU 1D7777, Panama 4. Pattern illustrations of the anterior and p t * body f ~L' hi 1' t . SMNH 166D27, Colombia. Page 21 25 30 30... distribution. For example, the th* * t h p ' f L~*h' 2' t h mid-dorsal and two lateral stripes on the entire length of the body. In Panama and Colombia west of the Andes Mountains, the lateral stripes are two scale rows wide, but become narrower...

  16. Intraspecific variation in the marine shrimps Penaeus (Litopenaeus) stylirostris and Penaeus (Litopenaeus) vannamei

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Horton, Scott Edward

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and outlined (broken line) and lettere or . vannamei. 110 W 100 W 90W BOW 30 o e 5 Mexico e o d~ cr Buatemata~ El Salvador Nicara a ~ E ~ a Both Syecies Rica tv c Panama Colombia a 10 u Ecuador S 0 Peru IIB W 100 W 90W SBW Diagram of 1...) misidentified as ~B*1*t -N* d 'g*td. Bt' p*' typ t ' 1 was collected in Panama and is no longer extant. A neo- type has not been designated. Despite the absence of a type, Stimpson's original description definitely clearly defines the species...

  17. An investigation of the relationship of meso and macroscale systems of rainfall in the Caribbean littoral of Colombia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Srinivasan, Panchapakesa

    1967-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    is shown in 7eo 76 72e CARI B BEA N SEA STA. M BARRA ILLA I '4 ', iy A' CARTA GE NA i'. Jl I ': 27 L eke Mal acaibo , *pl~ EREZUEL V PANAMA+ l 2 aj 0 U 4. ao IL 76~ , I I Scale 1&5, IXO, CCO 72 FIGURE 1. Map ol northwestern... rainfall data for the year 1963 from 14 stations were available. This year was selected because the sur- face and upper ? air charts prepared by the Air Weather Service Detach- meut in the Panama Canal Zone were readily available for most of the year...

  18. Investigation of radiation patterns in the 8-12 micron range as observed by Tiros III over the Caribbean Sea during the period 20-21 July 1961

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohler, Paul Irvin

    1963-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    low pressure area in the general vicinity of Panama and western Columbia. It is also known from a study by Cramer (1963) that an upper-level trough existed from Costa Rica to Jamaica. The main features shown by Figure 2 are the very close... relationship between the radiation cold center and the heavy cloud cover around the Panama area and the warm radiation tongue and absence of clouds in the central Caribbean Sea. There also appeared to be a very good re- lationship between the warm radiation...

  19. Character of the diatom assemblage spanning a depositional transition in the Eastern Equatorial Pacific Ocean at 6.6 Ma

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brookshire, Brian Neville, Jr.

    2005-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

    of Panama, and the associated oceanographic adjustment that occurred during Neogene. Particularly, the interruption of flow between the Pacific and Atlantic Oceans effected equatorial flow and water mass characteristics, and the locus of deep... of the Caribbean Plate about 8 Ma 12. The final closure of the Isthmus of Panama estimated from records of land mammal migration, isotopic shifts, and changes in biogenic sedimentation rates 4,5,13,14, commenced about 11 Ma and terminated between 3.5 and 4.5 Ma...

  20. A technique for converting serial PCM data to computer formatted tape

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kirst, Alfred

    1965-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Page I. Synchroni. zer-Formator Interface, II. Formator-Tape Transport Interface. 11 13 III. Flag Bits. 26 IV. Core Memory Specifications 37 vii LIST OF FIGURES Figures 1, Pield Data System at Panama City, Florida Page 2. Input Data Format... SEA CABLE FROM STAGE D TIMER AND RECORDER SELECTOR BEACH TOWER FIELD DATA SYSTEM AT PANAMA CITY, FLORIDA FIGURE I TH K ? I WORD K WORD TH MSD D D D D D LSPWSMSD D D D D DLS PWS LEGEND: MS = MOST SIGNIFICANT DATA BIT L S = LEAST SIGNIFICANT...

  1. Reforestation using Leucaena Luecocephala, Anacardium Occidentale and Tectona Grandis for Paquera, Costa Rica

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moore, Jane F

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    as representative of what an ideal country should be. Located between Nicaragua to the North and Panama to the South, (Figure 1) Costa Rica has had a longer history of democracy (over 100 years) than any other country in Central America and has become a haven... be applied because the Costa Rican constitution upholds the citizen's right to do whatever he pleases on his own land (15). figure 2 ])oforostation in Costa Rica: 1940-1)77 4I 0 4 PANAMA PA NAMA 0 V I IL 4 4 0 0 V U 4 IV 0 C 0 O 4J' 0...

  2. Publications Foreign Fishery Market Reports Published

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    promote the construction of shipyard facilities, cold storage plants, and canneries. If the government 'The Fishing Industry in Brazil" 16 DIB 77-03-004 $3.50 Burundi "Fishing Industry" 3 DIB 77-02-025 $3.50 Mauritania "Fishing Companies" 20 PB 261-862 $3.50 Panama "Fishing Industry" 26 DIB 76-09-027 $4

  3. Solar-Powered, Liquid-Desiccant Air Conditioner for Low-Electricity Humidity Control: Report and Summary Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dean, J.; Kozubal, E.; Herrmann, L.; Miller, J.; Lowenstein, A.; Barker, G.; Slayzak, S.

    2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The primary objective of this project was to demonstrate the capabilities of a new high-performance, liquid-desiccant dedicated outdoor air system (DOAS) to enhance cooling efficiency and comfort in humid climates while substantially reducing electric peak demand at Tyndall Air Force Base (AFB), which is 12 miles east of Panama City, Florida.

  4. 24 Germany 8 58 Pakistan 3 34 Israel 1 68 Saudi Arabia 30

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collins, Gary S.

    24 Germany 8 58 Pakistan 3 34 Israel 1 68 Saudi Arabia 30 COLLEGES (STUDENTS) ACADEMIC LEVELS France 10 57 Oman 1 TOTAL 1283 24 Germany 8 58 Pakistan 3 25 Ghana 5 59 Palestine 1 26 Greece 2 60 Panama

  5. 2004 The Society for the Study of Evolution. All rights reserved. Evolution, 58(2), 2004, pp. 324337

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sura, Philip

    taxa genetically and morphologically in Panama and the Bahamas, widely separated locations spanning. faveolata and the other two taxa confirmed the hybrid status of the larvae, but no examples of the most, as well as distinct corallite structure. In the Bahamas, in contrast, the three taxa exhibited overlapping

  6. PROCEEDINGS, Thirty-Fifth Workshop on Geothermal Reservoir Engineering Stanford University, Stanford, California, February 1-3, 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stanford University

    of Energy Resources Engineering, 367 Panama St. Stanford University, CA 94305-2220, USA e-mail: mcclure the pressures, temperatures, and stresses. An efficient method for calculating thermal stresses along a fracture Future of Geothermal Energy" (Tester, 2007). An important observation from EGS projects has been

  7. JANUARY 2011 CEC3002010008CMF

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    a goal of obtaining 20 percent of the state's electricity from renewable resources by the year 2010JANUARY 2011 CEC3002010008CMF COMMISSION GUIDEBOOK RENEWABLE ENERGY PROGRAM OVERALL PROGRAM Renewable Energy Office Panama Bartholomy Deputy Director Efficiency and Renewable Energy Division Melissa

  8. SHORT COMMUNICATIONS GeneralBiology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin, Paul R.

    Ornithological Society NESTING BEHAVIOR OF THE SLATE-COLORED SEEDEATER (SPOROPHILA SCHISTACEA) IN PANAMA Bridget, Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. 20008, U.S.A. Key words: Slate-colored Seedeater, Sporophila schistacea, courtship behavio1; paren tal care. The nesting behavior of the Slate-colored See- deater

  9. THE SMITHSONIAN 100 YEARS AGO 1910 was a significant year in the history of the Institution. On March 17, 1910, the new

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mathis, Wayne N.

    and fauna of the isthmus prior to the construction of the Panama Canal. The Natural History Building not pass. And so it went through the 1880s and 1890s, with Senator Morrill consistently pushing. Ground was broken on June 15, 1904, staff began moving collections into the new Construction of the U. S

  10. Vaughn M. Bryant Professor of Anthropology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dixon, Warren

    1 Vaughn M. Bryant Professor of Anthropology Director of the Palynology Laboratory Texas A&M University 2010 Dr. Bryant was born in Dallas, Texas in 1940, but lived there only six months before moving first to Central America and then to South America. After a year in Panama, Dr. Bryant's father moved

  11. IEA Wind Task 34 (WREN) Quarterly Webinar #2: Marine Mammal and...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    NETHERLANDS 31-20-716-8076 0800-020-0351 NEW ZEALAND 64-9-970-4606 0800-456-270 NORWAY 47-21-590-025 800-18093 PANAMA 011-001-800-5072372 PERU 0800-53731 PHILIPPINES...

  12. Marine and Hydrokinetic (MHK) Technology Development Risk Management...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    NETHERLANDS 31-20-716-8076 0800-020-0351 NEW ZEALAND 64-9-970-4606 0800-456-270 NORWAY 47-21-590-025 800-18093 PANAMA 011-001-800-5072372 PERU 0800-53731 PHILIPPINES...

  13. Species Loss and Aboveground Carbon Storage in a Tropical Forest

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bunker, Daniel E.

    of tropical tree species on carbon storage by simulating 18 possible extinction scenarios within a well-studied 50-hectare tropical forest plot in Panama, which contains 227 tree species. Among extinction as well as the size and longevity of tropical trees. Instead, we simulated species extinctions

  14. PROCEEDINGS, Thirty-Fifth Workshop on Geothermal Reservoir Engineering Stanford University, Stanford, California, February 1-3, 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stanford University

    Department of Energy Resources Engineering, Stanford University 367 Panama Street, Stanford, CA 94305, USA e and geometry are key for the optimum energy extraction from geothermal resources. Existing fracture systems, enhanced geothermal systems do not require natural convective hydrothermal resources, but rather

  15. PROCEEDINGS, Thirty-Sixth Workshop on Geothermal Reservoir Engineering Stanford University, Stanford, California, January 31 -February 2, 2011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stanford University

    of Energy Resources Engineering 367 Panama Street Stanford, CA, 94305, USA e-mail: egillj opposed to time). The interwell connectivity is represented by a kernel function, which can be estimated via deconvolution. A nonparametric kernel estimation method is illustrated by deconvolving synthetic

  16. The value of valuing nature

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adams, W. M.

    2014-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

     synthetic  biology.  Thus,  services  such  as  carbon  sequestration  may  in  future  be  provided  by  ecosystems  that  retain  little  of  their  original  diversity  (8).  Such  ecosystems  are...  ecosystem  services  in  the  watershed  of  the  Panama  Canal  found  that  timber  production  and  carbon  sequestration  increased  synergistically.  However,  contrary  to  managers’  expectations,  both...

  17. PROCEEDINGS, Thirty-Fifth Workshop on Geothermal Reservoir Engineering Stanford University, Stanford, California, February 1-3, 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stanford University

    1 , R.C.M. Malate1 and R. N. Horne2 1 Energy Development Corporation, Energy Center, Merritt Road, Fort Bonifacio, 1201 Taguig City, Philippines 2 Stanford Geothermal Program, Department of Energy Resources Engineering, 367 Panama St., Stanford, CA 94305-2220, USA villacorte.jd@energy.com.ph, malate@energy

  18. Mycologia, 95(3), 2003, pp. 388398. 2003 by The Mycological Society of America, Lawrence, KS 66044-8897

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arnold, A. Elizabeth

    66044-8897 Canopy cover and leaf age affect colonization by tropical fungal endophytes: Ecological Research Institute, Apartado 2072, Balboa, Republic of Panama Abstract: Fungal endophytes inhabit healthy of endophyte infection in leaves of tropical forest trees. However, ecological factors underlying

  19. Communities of fungal endophytes in tropical forest grasses: highly diverse host-and habitat

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coley, Phyllis

    Communities of fungal endophytes in tropical forest grasses: highly diverse host- and habitat: Charles W. Bacon Keywords: Barro Colorado Island Biodiversity Community assembly Fungal endophytes Poaceae- studied endophytes in the lowland forests of Panama. We used sequence data for 402 isolates from two

  20. Are tropical fungal endophytes hyperdiverse? Fungal endophytes are ubiquitous fungi that inhabit healthy plant tissues without

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley, University of

    Are tropical fungal endophytes hyperdiverse? Abstract Fungal endophytes are ubiquitous fungi that inhabit healthy plant tissues without causing disease. Endophytes have been found in every plant species sites in a lowland, moist tropical forest of central Panama, we quantified endophyte colonization

  1. UNITED STATES NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    UNITED STATES NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION OFFICE OF NUCLEAR MATERIAL SAFETY AND SAFEGUARDS ON RADIATION THERAPY OVEREXPOSURES IN PANAMA Addressees All medical licensees. Purpose The U.S. Nuclear persons in your institution who are involved with radiation therapy should review this notice

  2. Published Ahead of Print 10 June 2011. 10.1128/AEM.05090-11.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Department of Plant Biology, 260 Panama Street, Stanford, California 943053 Received 13 April 2011/Accepted 2/07/20/77.15.5458.DC1.h REFERENCES http://aem.asm.org/content/77/15/5458#ref-list-1at: This article cites 31 articles Division, University of Southern California, Wrigley Marine Science Center, P.O. Box 5069, Avalon

  3. 2013, Latin American Public Opinion Project www.AmericasBarometer.org

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bordenstein, Seth

    to be selected based on mutual consent. Both chambers of the Argentine legislature, as well as the legislature Paraguay Colombia Dom. Rep. Jamaica Bolivia Brazil Ecuador Chile Venezuela Nicaragua Honduras Panama;© 2013, Latin American Public Opinion Project www.AmericasBarometer.org A statistical analysis

  4. ORIGINAL ARTICLE doi:10.1111/j.1558-5646.2010.01124.x

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cummings, Molly E.

    populations of the Bocas del Toro archipelago of Panama show stronger mating discrimination than do females the striking diversity of Bocas del Toro's D. pumilio and provide a snapshot of what could be the early stages due to sexual selection (West-Eberhard 1983; Kirkpatrick 1987; Holland and Rice 1998), genetic drift

  5. Digestible threonine requirement of starter and finisher swine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saldana, Carlos Ivan

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . , Panamerican Agricultural School, Honduras, B. S. , Santa Maria La Antigua University, Panama Chair of Advisory Committee: Dr. Darrell A. Knabe Growth tr ials using 198 startei (28-d of age, 6 kg initially, 28 d trial duration) and 120 f inisher (58 kg...

  6. Sediment distribution and depositional processes on the Carnegie Ridge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pazmino Manrique, Nelson Andres

    2005-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

    deposition. The first is the location of the high productivity zone in which pelagic settling is the source of sediment. The second is the difference in sea water properties between the Panama and Peru Basins surrounding the ridge, which creates different...

  7. Examining causes of poverty in Latin America and Sub-Saharan Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anderson, Garnett Murphy, II

    2009-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

    .3 years. Costa Rica claims the highest life expectancy at 76.5 years and Bolivia has the lowest at 61.5 years. Other countries with a life expectancy greater than 70 years include: Chile (75.2 years), Jamaica (74.4 years), Panama (74.0 years), Venezuela...

  8. Optimizing spectral indices and chemometric analysis of leaf chemical properties using radiative transfer modeling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gitelson, Anatoly

    Optimizing spectral indices and chemometric analysis of leaf chemical properties using radiative for Sciences, 260 Panama Street, Stanford, CA 94305, USA d Center for Advanced Land Management Information squares regression We used synthetic reflectance spectra generated by a radiative transfer model, PROSPECT

  9. RESEARCH ARTICLE Mikaela A. J. Bergenius Mark I. McCormick

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bermingham, Eldredge

    fish were collected daily from patch reefs in the San Blas Archi- pelago, Caribbean Panama for 3 multiple regression techniques, with a combination of factors including solar radiation, rain- fall the dry season solar radiation, rainfall and along-shore winds described 57%, 86% and 74

  10. The West Indies as a laboratory of biogeography and evolution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bermingham, Eldredge

    -0948, Panama Islands have long provided material and inspiration for the study of evolution and ecology suggest a strong role for endemic radiations and extinction in shaping patterns of diversity islands over time resulting from adaptive radiation and shifts in habitat, often following repeatable

  11. A comprehensive multilocus phylogeny for the wood-warblers and a revised classification of the Parulidae (Aves)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burns, Kevin J.

    Research Institute, Balboa, Panama a r t i c l e i n f o Article history: Received 2 March 2010 Revised 22 the New World warblers or wood-warblers--are a classic model radiation for studies of ecological of the genera or species in this otherwise well-studied radiation. Wood-warblers are small, primarily

  12. Molecular Ecology (2008) 17, 14051415 doi: 10.1111/j.1365-294X.2007.03654.x 2008 The Authors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bermingham, Eldredge

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of marine adaptive radiations OSCAR PUEBLA,* ELDREDGE BERMINGHAM* and FRÉDÉRIC GUICHARD *Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, Apartado Postal 0843-03092, Balboa, Ancon, Panama, Department of Biology, Mc models of adaptive radiation suggest that the spatial genetic structure within a species sampled early

  13. Phylogenetic evidence for an ancient rapid radiation of Caribbean sponge-dwelling snapping shrimps (Synalpheus)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duffy, J. Emmett

    three geminate pairs of Synalpheus species separated by the isthmus of Panama suggests a major radiationPhylogenetic evidence for an ancient rapid radiation of Caribbean sponge-dwelling snapping shrimps results from insufficient or inappropriate data, versus from a rapid evolutionary radiation. The snapping

  14. Reproductive isolation of sympatric morphs in a population of Darwin's finches

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hendry, Andrew

    0843-03092, Balboa, Panama Recent research on speciation has identified a central role for ecological the early stages of adaptive radiation. Keywords: ecological speciation; adaptive radiation; assortative radiation as a whole (Lack 1947; Boag & Grant 1981; Schluter 2000; Grant & Grant 2002; Herrel et al. 2005

  15. Molecular Ecology (2003) 12, 29632973 doi: 10.1046/j.1365-294X.2003.01946.x 2003 Blackwell Publishing Ltd

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bermingham, Eldredge

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of two related genera (Serranus and Diplectrum), and establish that the hamlet radiation must have been at this locale. In our Panama collection, however, colour morphospecies were mostly genetically indistinguishable Recent evolutionary radiations such as Darwin's finches and Rift Lake cichlids provide unique snapshots

  16. Received 14 February 2001 Accepted 21 June 2001

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bermingham, Eldredge

    morphological diversi cation and adaptive radiation in Hawaiian songbirds Irby J. Lovette1,2* , Eldredge Tropical Research Institute, PO Box 2072, Balboa, Panama 3 Department of Biology, University of Missouri example of adaptive radiation but contrast with the four other songbird lineages that successfully

  17. Radar MeteorologyRadar Meteorology Feb 20, 1941 10 cm (S-band) radar used to track rain showers (Ligda)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rutledge, Steven

    (Ligda) Possibility of such observations was predicted by Ryde (1941) MIT Radiation Laboratory made in 1943 First operational weather radar, Panama, 1943 Science of radar meteorology born from WWII research fluctuations at 1/2 the wavelength of the incident radiation (a few meters in this case). Power returned from

  18. vol. 169, no. 3 the american naturalist march 2007 The Causes of Evolutionary Radiations in Archipelagoes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ricklefs, Robert E.

    vol. 169, no. 3 the american naturalist march 2007 The Causes of Evolutionary Radiations Institute, Apartado 2072, Balboa, Republic of Panama Submitted May 17, 2006; Accepted October 10, 2006 lineages undergo evolutionary radiation, we compare the passerine avifaunas of the Hawaiian and Gala

  19. vol. 156, no. 4 the american naturalist october 2000 The Imprint of History on Communities of North American

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bermingham, Eldredge

    92093; 2. Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, Balboa, Republic of Panama; 3. Department of Biology of an adaptive radiation is likely to be influenced by the form of the founding ancestor to the radiation, its. We compare the adaptive radiation of the Dendroica warblers of North America

  20. Tropical mountain cradles of dry forest diversity Christopher W. Dick*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bermingham, Eldredge

    * *Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, Apartado 0843-03092, Balboa, Panama´; and Department of Ecology radiated at vastly different times, so fo- cus on a single taxon would be mislead- ing. On the side of rain- ple, the dry forest legume clade Leu- caena underwent endemic radiation in southwest Mexico beginning

  1. Evolutionary history of the genus Rhamdia (Teleostei: Pimelodidae) in Central America

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bermingham, Eldredge

    Research Institute, Apto. 2072, Balboa, Republic of Panama b Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales, CSIC an absence of adap- tive radiation, perhaps owing to the relatively short period of time since primary represent an autochthonous radiation or independent colonizations of Central America from South America

  2. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 13, 74897510, 2013 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/13/7489/2013/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meskhidze, Nicholas

    , Baltimore County, USA 5Department of Global Ecology, Carnegie Institution, 260 Panama Street, Stanford, CA response induced by aerosol forcing was mainly analyzed in the following three terms: (1) aerosol radiative, zonal winds, mean meridional circulation, radiative fluxes, and cloud coverage are different between

  3. Mol. Biol. Evol. 17(9):12861293. 2000 2000 by the Society for Molecular Biology and Evolution. ISSN: 0737-4038

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Palumbi, Stephen

    species, so it is unclear how gene families evolve during adaptive radiations of closely related taxa. The gastropod genus Conus greatly diversified dur- ing an explosive adaptive radiation in the Pleistocene (Kohn: Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, Naos Marine Lab, Apartado 2072, Balboa, Ancon, Republic of Panama

  4. Journal of Chemical Ecology, Vol. 27, No. 11, November 2001 ( c 2001) A SIMPLE METHOD TO EXTRACT ESSENTIAL OILS FROM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bermingham, Eldredge

    ESSENTIAL OILS FROM TISSUE SAMPLES BY USING MICROWAVE RADIATION N´ELIDA E. G ´OMEZ1, * and LUDGER WITTE2 1Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute PO Box 2072, Balboa, Panama 2Institut f¨ur Pharmazeutische Biologie, in a solvent transparent to microwave radiation, is exposed for a short time to steam in a microwave oven. EO

  5. 2 Phylogenetic relationships of the mockingbirds and thrashers (Aves: Mimidae) 3 Irby J. Lovette a,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Botero, Carlos A.

    Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, Balboa, Panama 14 15 1 7 a r t i c l e i n f o 18 Article history: 19 been no previous 34phylogenetic study that included all species in this radiation. Our reconstructions, Melanoptila, Dumetella) plus a small 37radiation that likely occurred largely within the West Indies

  6. American Journal of Botany 99(11): 18191827. 2012. American Journal of Botany 99(11): 18191827, 2012; http://www.amjbot.org/ 2012 Botanical Society of America

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bermingham, Eldredge

    et al., 1984; Hughes and McDougall, 1987; Thusu et al., 1988), and rapidly diversified and radiated of angiosperm radiation and diversification in low, tropical latitudes are not well understood, mainly because 117800, Gainesville, Florida 32611-7800 USA; 3Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute (STRI), Panama City

  7. The Auk 118(1):3555, 2001 MOLECULAR SYSTEMATICS AND BIOGEOGRAPHY OF ANTILLEAN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bermingham, Eldredge

    . RICKLEFS2 1 Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, Apartado 2072, Balboa, Republic of Panama´; and 2 of an avian radiation within the Lesser Antilles. Phylogenetic relation- ships were inferred from analysis that the endemic Lesser Antillean mimids are an indigenous radiation. Assuming a constant mtDNA clock

  8. Tropical forests are both evolutionary cradles and museums of leaf beetle diversity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farrell, Brian D.

    in the genus Cephaloleia, we present evidence for (i) comparatively ancient Paleocene­Eocene adaptive radiation-specific diversification coincident with the Oligocene adaptive radiation of Cephaloleia host plants in the genus Heliconia, and (iii) relatively recent Miocene­Pliocene diver- sification coincident with the collision of the Panama

  9. Vol. 143, No. 1 The American Naturalist January 1994 LIGHT AND THE PHENOLOGY OF TROPICAL TREES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saleska, Scott

    , Republic of Panama; ?Department of Biological Anthropology and Anatomy, Duke University, 3705 B Erwin Road beneath forest canopies. Photosynthetically active radiation was reduced by 94% just 5 m into the canopy of a Puerto Rican wet forest (Johnson and Atwood 1970), and global radiation was reduced by 53%just 6 m

  10. Further Information Postdoctoral Research Associate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of a collaboration with Dr Owen McMillan at the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute in Panama. The Project and adaptive radiation. The main goals of the wider project are as follows: 1) Characterise patterns of genetic genomic studies across the radiation. This work will primarily involve validating and improving

  11. Optimizing spectral indices and chemometric analysis of leaf chemical properties using radiative transfer modeling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gitelson, Anatoly

    Optimizing spectral indices and chemometric analysis of leaf chemical properties using radiative for Sciences, 260 Panama Street, Stanford, CA 94305, USA d Center for Advanced Land Management Information regression We used synthetic reflectance spectra generated by a radiative transfer model, PROSPECT-5

  12. Adaptive radiation, correlated and contingent evolution, and net species diversification in Bromeliaceae

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sytsma, Kenneth J.

    Adaptive radiation, correlated and contingent evolution, and net species diversificationRB, United Kingdom j Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, Balboa, Ancon, Republic of Panama k large-scale adaptive radiations and accompanying pulses of speciation account for 86% of total species

  13. 2005 The Society for the Study of Evolution. All rights reserved. Evolution, 59(2), 2005, pp. 374385

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taylor, Michael S.

    . 374­385 MARINE RADIATIONS AT SMALL GEOGRAPHIC SCALES: SPECIATION IN NEOTROPICAL REEF GOBIES of Elacatinus occur on both sides of the Isthmus of Panama, no sister species are separated by this barrier radiations in stages taking place at small geographic scales. Key words. Adaptive radiation, biogeography

  14. Diversification of complex butterfly wing patterns by repeated regulatory evolution of a Wnt ligand

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nachman, Michael

    , CA 92697; b Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, Apartado Postal 2072, Balboa, Panama; c radiations, such that the geographic range of each species is composed of a nearly identical patchwork across the H. erato wing color pattern radiation is controlled by a single locus of large effect called

  15. Phylogenetic relationships of the mockingbirds and thrashers (Aves: Mimidae) Irby J. Lovette a,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rubenstein, Dustin R.

    , Balboa, Panama a r t i c l e i n f o Article history: Received 1 January 2011 Revised 3 June 2011, but there has been no previous phylogenetic study that included all species in this radiation. Our, Melanoptila, Dumetella) plus a small radiation that likely occurred largely within the West Indies

  16. 2250 VOLUME 14J O U R N A L O F C L I M A T E 2001 American Meteorological Society

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fu, Joshua Xiouhua

    entrainment and thermal advection play minor roles. From February to May, the downward shortwave radiation and cloud­radiation­SST interaction). 1. Introduction In the equatorial eastern Pacific, the sea surface tem and Panama may intensify the surface south- erlies over the eastern Pacific, which, in turn, brings colder

  17. Wing patterning gene redefines the mimetic history of Heliconius butterflies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Jianzhi

    Research Institute, Apartado Postal 2072, Balboa, Panama Edited by May R. Berenbaum, University of Illinois) The mimetic butterflies Heliconius erato and Heliconius melpomene have undergone parallel radiations to form molecular phylogenetic work on these radiations has sug- gested that similar but geographically disjunct

  18. EMPOWERING DIGITAL SELF DETERMINATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Das, Rhiju

    : Communication and Digital Media 2. Data Context and Digital Personas 3. Personal Data: Use, ReuseEMPOWERING DIGITAL SELF DETERMINATION Symposium Summary Stanford University, Summer 2012 #12;#12;EMPOWERING DIGITAL SELF DETERMINATION Symposium, Stanford University, CA Summer, 2012 210 Panama Street

  19. Essentials of Energy Key concepts for the day

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    · Natural monopolies · Disruption: · long supply chains, transportation bottlenecks (railroads and coal, Suez and Panama canals for oil and gas); long electrical transmission lines are vulnerable Incentives:-tax credits, subsidies-when needed Regulation of rates if natural monopoly or public ownership II

  20. BEHAVIOR OF BOTTLENOSE DOLPHINS (Tursiops truncatus) RELATIVE TO BOAT TRAFFIC IN THE GALVESTON SHIP CHANNEL, TEXAS 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pennacchi, Anna Marie

    2013-02-04T23:59:59.000Z

    truncatus) in the Galveston Ship Channel, near the entrance to the second busiest port in the USA, as a 5.2 billion dollar expansion of the Panama Canal is to be completed in 2015 that will bring more and larger ships to Galveston Bay. Hour-long surveys were...

  1. CRC handbook of agricultural energy potential of developing countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Duke, J.A.

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The contents of this book are: Introduction; Kenya; Korea (Republic of); Lesotho; Liberia; Malagasy; Malawi; Mali; Mauritania; Mexico, Mozambique, Nepal; Nicaragua; Niger; Nigeria; Pakistan; Panama; Paraguay; Peru; Philippines; Rwanda; Senegal; Sierra Leone; Somalia; Sri Lanka; Sudana; Surinam; Swaziland; Tanzania; Thailand; Togo; Uganda; Uruguay; Venezuela; Zaire; Zambia; Appendix I. Conventional and Energetic Yields; Appendix II, Phytomass Files; and References.

  2. Certified Tropical Hardwood Product Markets in the United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    seminars in Latin America 2005 ·Peru ·Brazil ·Columbia ·Ecuador ·Costa Rica ·Panama ·Nicaragua ·Bolivia Products Marketing Program Louisiana Forest Products Development Center School of Renewable Natural-cutting practices in North America. Photo: Richard Vlosky Photo: Geo-Images Univ. Cal. Berkeley #12;Generalized

  3. C I V I L & E N V I R O N M E N TA L E N G I N E E R I N G Wanted: creative,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    construction materi- als, such as concrete, consume vast quantities of energy to pro- duce. Every year, almost, water, shelter, sanitation, waste disposal, energy, income, and education. D80 is a collaboration Australia, Bolivia, Finland, Germany, Ghana, Panama, and other locations around the world. Excellent

  4. Currents and waters of the upper 1200 m of the eastern Caribbean Sea during winter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Febres Ortega, German Antonio

    1970-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    at '- titud . . =- south c " I j'N a smaller depth of tne 80 cl/t surf cc than t! f line ai; 79'V. Both the Atlantis data, 665 HISPANIOL A~ 6:;-~P. RiCO 6 5 725 V 565~ Qxk&J/i]' j 6 7~5 Z PANAMA COL OMB I A V Ej N E I V E Figure 6 (a). Topography.... These are separated f'rom the coast of Coiombia and Panama by deeper areas. The features suggest an elorgated cyclonic eddy or pair of edd! es. Such a flow is indicated by ships' drift a. s Wust (196JJ) pointed out. Figure 6b displays the acceIeration potential...

  5. Phylogeography and Posterior Regeneration of the Bearded Fireworm, Hermodice carunculata (Annelida: Amphinomidae)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ahrens, Joseph Boehm

    2013-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

    Banks 27.83?N 93.83?W FGB 9 11 9 9 11 2 4 Malta 35.90?N 14.46?E MA 6 7 7 6 7 -- 6 Panama City, FL 30.17?N 85.66?W PC 5 10 5 5 10 -- 12 Quintana Roo, Mexico 19.60?N 87.91?W QR -- -- 2 -- -- -- -- Rio de Janeiro 22.91?S 43.24?W RDJ 3... purification was accomplished using a DNeasy Blood and Tissue Kit (Qiagen) following the protocols provided by the manufacturer. Sequences from Panama, Rio de Janeiro, Rocas Atoll, Saint Peter and Saint Paul Archipelago, and S?o Tom? were generated...

  6. Supplement 23, Part 5, Parasite-Subject Catalogue, Parasites: Arthropoda and Miscellaneous Phyla

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zidar, Judith A.; Shaw, Judith H.; Hanfman, Deborah T.; Kirby, Margie D.; Rayburn, Jane D.; Edwards, Shirley J.; Hood, Martha W.

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , Semana Med. Centro- america y Panama (302), an. 9, v. 24 (3), 77- 83 scabies, human, general clinical review Acarus scabiei var. hominis Jardim, M. L.; and Motta, G. ?. ?., 1976, Rev. Brasil. Med., ?. 33 (10), 361-362 scabies, human, therapeutic... trials with mono- sulfiram, 95% cure rate: Pernambuco, Brazil Acarus siro (Sarcoptes scabiei var. hominis) Meigel, W., 1979 , Taegl. Prax., v. 20 (3), 469-475 Acarus siro, human, clinical aspects, diag- nostic and therapeutic problems Acedestia...

  7. Description of three ecology studies on brown shrimp Penaeus aztecus and white shrimp P. setiferus conducted by the National Marine Fisheries Service, Galveston, Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Diego, Maria Eugenia de

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Description of three ecology studies on brown shrimp Penaeus aztecus and white shrimp'P; setiferus conducted by the Mational Marine Fisheries Service, Galveston, Texas. A professional paper by Maria Eugenia de Diego Submitted to the College... shrimp Penaeus aztecus and white shrimp P, set1ferus conducted by the Nat1onal Marine F1sheries Ser- v1ce, Galveston, Texas. (December, 19843 Maria Eugenia de Diego, B. S. , Universidad de Panama Chairman of Adv1sory Committee: Dr. Addison L...

  8. Description of three ecology studies on brown shrimp Penaeus aztecus and white shrimp P. setiferus conducted by the National Marine Fisheries Service, Galveston, Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Diego, Maria Eugenia de

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Description of three ecology studies on brown shrimp Penaeus aztecus and white shrimp'P; setiferus conducted by the Mational Marine Fisheries Service, Galveston, Texas. A professional paper by Maria Eugenia de Diego Submitted to the College... shrimp Penaeus aztecus and white shrimp P, set1ferus conducted by the Nat1onal Marine F1sheries Ser- v1ce, Galveston, Texas. (December, 19843 Maria Eugenia de Diego, B. S. , Universidad de Panama Chairman of Adv1sory Committee: Dr. Addison L...

  9. Gene flow and the genealogical history of Heliconius heurippa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Salazar, Camilo; Jiggins, Chris D; Taylor, Jesse E; Kronforst, Marcus R; Linares, Mauricio

    2008-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

    , this is not the only way in which hybridiza- tion might contribute to speciation. In cichlid fishes and Darwin's finches for example, it has been suggested that adaptive radiation might have been facilitated by evolu- tionary novelty generated through hybridization [10... that H. heurippa is a distinct species and not simply a geographic race of H. cydno; H. heurippa is considerably more differentiated than any other geo- graphic populations of H. melpomene or H. cydno sampled in Panama, Colombia and Venezuela [26...

  10. Estimation of the spontaneous mutation rate in Heliconius melpomene

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Keightley, Peter D.; Pinharanda, Ana; Ness, Rob W.; Simpson, Fraser; Dasmahapatra, Kanchon K.; Mallet, James; Davey, John W.; Jiggins, Chris D.

    2014-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

    radiation are approximately correct, further work will be required to reconcile these estimates. It remains to be seen whether the hypothesis that the early radiation of Heliconius coincided with a time of rapid uplift in the Andes about 10 MYA... reference genome was crossed with a female H. melpomene rosina from a laboratory strain established from Gamboa, Panama. DNA from two F1 parents and 30 of their F2 offspring was extracted using the DNeasy Blood and Tissue Kit (Qiagen). Illumina Tru...

  11. Conclusions about Niche Expansion in Introduced Impatiens walleriana Populations Depend on Method of Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mandle, Lisa; Warren, Dan L.; Hoffman, Matthias H.; Peterson, A. Townsend; Schmitt, Johanna; von Wettberg, Eric J.

    2010-12-29T23:59:59.000Z

    -range occurrences from Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, and Zimbabwe, and 100 naturalized occurrence points from Argentina, Australia, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, El Salvador, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Puerto Rico, United States...) Important bird area factsheet: Chirinda Forest, Zimbabwe: BirdLife International. 45. Espenak F, Anderson J (1999) Total Solar Eclipse of 2001 June 21. GreenbeltMD: NASA Goddard Space Flight Center. 46. United States Census Bureau (2002) Census 2000 U...

  12. Determination of soil properties for sandy soils and road base at Riverside Campus using laboratory testing and numerical simulation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saez Barrios, Deeyvid O.

    2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

    : Chair of Committee, Jean-Louis Briaud Committee Members, Charles Aubeny Julian Kang Head of Department, John Niedzwecki Major Subject: Civil Engineering iii ABSTRACT Determination of Soil Properties of Sandy... Soils and Road Base at Riverside Campus Using Laboratory Testing and Numerical Simulation. (May 2010) Deeyvid Oscar Saez Barrios, B.En., Technological University of Panama Chair of Advisory Committee: Jean-Louis Briaud This study evaluated...

  13. South America, Central America, the Caribbean, and Mexico

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Deal, C.

    1981-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Summaries of oil and gas drillings, well completions, production, exploratory wells, exploration activity and wildcat drilling were given for South America, Central America, the Caribbean, and Mexico. The countries, islands, etc. included Argentina, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Leeward and Windward Islands, Mexico, Netherlands Antilles, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, El Salvador, Surinam, Trinidad and Venezuela. 16 figures, 120 tables. (DP)

  14. Sublethal metabolic responses of the hermatypic coral Madracis decactis exposed to drilling mud enriched with ferrochrome lignosulfonate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krone, Michael August

    1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    were conducted at Stage-l, a three tiered 100' by 100' research platform locateri 12 miles offshore from Panama City, Florida. This offshore laboratory is managed by the Naval Coasta'I Systems Center. The laboratory seawa'er system in- take at a... south of Galveston, Texas on the out r edge of the continental shelf at 93 48. 5' west longitude and 27 52. 3' north la. itude (see Figure 2), At the collection site the coral s were placed in aer;ter! !G! 00 aquaria for transport to Fre port...

  15. A shipping crate from the 1865 California shipwreck Brother Jonathan: hardware from the Russell and Erwin Manufacturing Company 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sowden, Carrie Elizabeth

    2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

    in either New York or New Orleans. Despite the name ?Express,? the trip to Chagres was not as fast as it implied. Before 1852, many of the steamers leaving from New York would make multiple stops prior to their arrival in Panama and Nicaragua...; these ports included the southern towns of Charleston, South Carolina, Savannah, Georgia, and Havana, Cuba (Kemble 1990:146). With every trip, even after 1852, steamers stopped at Kingston, Jamaica to refuel; this is where the Brother Jonathan took on more...

  16. World frontiers beckon oil finders

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper discusses the international aspects of the petroleum industry. Most who work in the industry agree that the possibilities for huge are found largely in international regions. Something that is helping fuel that possibility is the way countries are increasingly opening their doors to US oil industry involvement. Listed in this paper is a partial list of the reported projects now underway around the world involving US companies. It is not intended to be comprehensive, but rather an indication of how work continues despite a general lull atmosphere for the oil industry. These include Albania, Bulgaria, Congo, Czechoslovakia, Dominican Republic, Ethiopia, Ireland, Malta, Madagascar, Mongolia, Mozambique, Nigeria, Panama, Paraquay, and Senegal.

  17. Technical manual, redesigned ARC-2A automatic radon counter. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Littfin, K.M.

    1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The ARC-2A Automatic Radon Counter (Serial No. 87003) was manufactured in 1987 by Ocean Communication Systems, Inc, Panama City, Florida. It was designed as a stand-alone system, but was consistently plagued with problems. The manufacturer could not repair the machine. The ARC-2A was completely redesigned at NCCOSC RDT and E Division. It is now interfaced to a computer. A new manual was written with updated information and user instructions. The ARC-2A is an integral part of ongoing electro-optic propagation studies.... Radon, Electro-optics, Aerosol.

  18. Location and prediction of storms from measurement of atmospherics at different frequencies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Canterbury, Samuel Luther

    1945-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15 have observed the direc? tion of a storm from a single observation station by observing the atmospherics radiated by the associated lightning. Some investi- 16 ' 17 18gations 9 9 have been carried out whereby... kilocycles was less than that at 36 and 52 kilocycles* 7Mr* L* W. Austin made some studies, on the Isthmus of Panama, of atmospherics at 15 and 21*4 kilocycles in an effort to determine their P iP 'S per M /nu fc. 19 21 origin# He found...

  19. Interactive modeling and analysis of intruder detection systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, Michael William

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    surrounding the origin and the "radial vectors" are the straight grid lines radiating from the origin at even degree intervals. The number of rings and radial vectors controls the resolution of the polar grid 24 and thus the number of states in the Markov... for INDAR, Department of Industrial Engineering, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX, (May 1991) . APPENDIX EXHIBIT A Figure 9. Photograph showing the shading of the target area. VITA Michael W. Jones was born in the Canal Zone, Panama...

  20. On the Origin of Pantepui montane biotas: A Perspective Based on the Phylogeny of Aulacorhynchus toucanets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bonaccorso, Elisa; Guayasamin, Juan Manuel

    2013-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

    into Mesoamerica may have taken place prior to the accepted time range estimate for the completion of the Isthmus of Panama ,3.5– 2.5 Mya [52]. However, the closure date of the isthmus is based on evolutionary divergence of marine organisms and therefore must...-piercer (Diglossa carbonaria) complex of the Andes. Condor 84: 1–14. 20. Givnish TJ, Millam KC, Berry PE, Sytsma KJ (2007) Phylogeny, adaptive radiation, and historical biogeography of Bromeliaceae inferred from ndhF sequence data. In: Columbus JT, Friar EA, Porter...

  1. The heritability of daily ranges in rectal temperature, respiration rate, and pulse rate in lactating cows

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vega C., Eduardo Humberto

    1957-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    OF LITHRATURE The produotion of heat within the animal body as well as beat entranoe into the body from a hot atmosphere and as a result of solar radiation requires that an animal be abls to dissipate hsa 0, from its body if a homoiothermio stats...~rez (1951) who observed this result in ths Hindi dairy farm of the panama Canal Zon?. It is intsrsstfng to nots that Jerseys had larger standard devi- ation for all three ranges, an indisation that theze is mor? variation within this breed than...

  2. To concentrate or ventilate? Carbon acquisition, isotope discrimination and physiological ecology of early land plant life forms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meyer, Moritz; Seibt, Ulli; Griffiths, Howard

    2008-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

    . Goffinet Megaceros cf. vincentianus simple thallus, no pores, pyrenoid mainly in the younger uniplastidic cells of the growing thallus margins but not in the multiplastidic cells elsewhere, CCM? Alto de Piedra, Santa Fe´, Panama´ (on rock, growing... as ETRZFPSII!PAR!0.42, where PAR is the quantum flux density of the photosynthetically active radiation and 0.42 is the average fraction of incident PAR absorbed by PSII. 3. RESULTS For the first group with non-ventilated thalli (for a definition see the legend...

  3. Carbon dioxide, hydrographic, and chemical data obtained in the South Pacific Ocean (WOCE Sections P16A/P17A, P17E/P19S, and P19C, R/V Knorr, October 1992--April 1993)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rubin, S.; Goddard, J.G.; Chipman, D.W.; Takahashi, Taro; Sutherland, S.C. [Columbia Univ., Palisades, NY (United States). Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory; Reid, J.L.; Swift, J.H.; Talley, L.D. [Univ. of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA (United States). Scripps Institution of Oceanography

    1998-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This data documentation discusses the procedures and methods used to measure total carbon dioxide concentration (TCO{sub 2}) and partial pressure of CO{sub 2} (pCO{sub 2}) in discrete water samples collected during three expeditions of the Research Vessel (R/V) Knorr in the South Pacific Ocean. Conducted as part of the World Ocean Circulation Experiment (WOCE), the first cruise (WOCE Section P16A/P17A) began in Papeete, Tahiti, French Polynesia, on October 6, 1992, and returned to Papeete on November 25, 1992. The second cruise (WOCE Section P17E/P19S) began in Papeete on December 4, 1992, and finished in Punta Arenas, Chile, on January 22, 1993. The third expedition (WOCE Section P19C) started in Punta Arenas, on February 22 and finished in Panama City, Panama, on April 13, 1993. During the three expeditions, 422 hydrographic stations were occupied. Hydrographic and chemical measurements made along WOCE Sections P16A/P17A, P17E/P19S, and P19C included pressure, temperature, salinity, and oxygen [measured by conductivity, temperature, and depth (CTD) sensor], as well as discrete measurements of salinity, oxygen, phosphate, nitrate, nitrite, silicate, chlorofluorocarbons (CFC-11, CFC-12), TCO{sub 2}, and pCO{sub 2} measured at 4 and 20 C. In addition, potential temperatures were calculated from the measured variables.

  4. Improved self-contained breathing apparatus concept. Final report Oct 80-Jun 82

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    White, L.; Walker, J.

    1982-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Past operational experiences of USAF fire fighting and rescue teams have indicated the need for an improved self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA). In October 1980, a contract was awarded to Electronic Data Systems, Panama City, Florida, to design and develop a prototype SCBA that would meet Air Force technical requirements. A prototype was designed, developed, and tested through a subcontract with Reimers Consultants, Falls Church, Virginia. This report describes the technical requirements, a detailed technical description of the unit, and the unmanned test procedures and results. The unmanned testing demonstrate that the prototype SCBA meets all performance requirements, except for weight. The fully charged prototype weights 34 pounds, the maximum acceptable weight is 30 pounds. With the other performance requirements either met or exceeded, manned testing of the SCBA can proceed.

  5. United Nations geothermal activities in developing countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Beredjick, N.

    1987-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The United Nations implements technical cooperation projects in developing countries through its Department of Technical Cooperation for Development (DTCD). The DTCD is mandated to explore for and develop natural resources (water, minerals, and relevant infrastructure) and energy - both conventional and new and renewable energy sources. To date, the United Nations has been involved in over 30 geothermal exploration projects (completed or underway) in 20 developing countries: 8 in Africa (Djibouti, Ethiopia, Kenya, Madagascar); 8 in Asia (China, India, Jordan, Philippines, Thailand); 9 in Latin America (Bolivia, Chile, El Salvador, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama) and 6 in Europe (Greece, Romania, Turkey, Yugoslavia). Today, the DTCD has seven UNDP geothermal projects in 6 developing countries. Four of these (Bolivia, China, Honduras, and Kenya) are major exploration projects whose formulation and execution has been possible thanks to the generous contributions under cost-sharing arrangements from the government of Italy. These four projects are summarized.

  6. San Jose Accord: energy aid or petroleum-marketing strategy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1982-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    The San Jose Accord was signed in San Jose, Costa Rica on August 3, 1980 by the Presidents of Venezuela and Mexico, whereby the two countries mutually committed to supply the net imported domestic oil consumption of several Central American and Caribbean countries. Countries initially participating in the program are: Barbados, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Jamaica, Nicaragua, and Panama. Seven eastern Caribbean countries were to meet on October 7 to petition for inclusion in the Accord, namely: Antigua, St. Kitt/Nevis, Montserrat, Dominica, St. Lucia, St. Vincent, and Grenada. The official language of the Accord is presented, and the operative status of the Accord two years after signing is discussed. Specific briefs about some of the individual countries in the Accord are included. The fuel price/tax series for the Western Hemisphere countries is updated.

  7. The energy situation in five Central American countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Trocki, L.; Booth, S.R.; Umana Q, A.

    1987-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study describes the energy resources and the changes that have taken place in energy supply and demand in five Central American countries between 1970 and 1984. Economic changes are also reviewed because they influence and are affected by changes in the energy sector. The work was performed under the auspices of the US Agency for International Development. The Central American countries of Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, and Panama are highly dependent on fuel wood as a source of energy, particularly in the residential sector. They also rely upon imported oil products to supply a growing modern sector. Most countries have significant hydroelectric and geothermal resources, and most countries produce a large portion of their electricity from hydroelectric projects. Demand for electricity has grown rapidly. Relative shares of primary versus secondary energy in the five countries vary significantly and strongly correlate with average per capita income. Consumption of secondary energy has declined during the recent economic recession suffered by the region.

  8. An energy atlas of five Central American countries. Un atlas energetico de cinco paises Centroamericanos

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Trocki, L.; Newman, C.K.; Gurule, F.; Aragon, P.C.; Peck, C.

    1988-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In a series of maps and figures, this atlas summarizes what is known about the energy resources and how these resources and oil imports supply the energy needs of five Central American countries: Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Costa Rica, and Panama. The main exploited energy resources are firewood, hydroelectric energy, bagasse from sugar cane residues, and geothermal energy. Limited oil exploration in the region has uncovered modest oil resources only in Guatemala. Peat and small coal deposits are also known to exist but are not presently being exploited. After the description of energy resources, this atlas describes energy supply and demand patterns in each country. It concludes with a description of socioeconomic data that strongly affect energy demand. 4 refs.

  9. Ecological evaluation of proposed dredged material from St. Andrew Bay, Florida

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mayhew, H.L.; Word, J.Q.; Kohn, N.P.; Pinza, M.R.; Karle, L.M.; Ward, J.A. [Battelle/Marine Sciences Lab., Sequim, WA (United States)

    1993-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The US Army Corps of Engineers (USACE), Mobile District, requested that the Battelle/Marine Sciences Laboratory (MSL) conduct field sampling and chemical and biological testing to determine the suitability of potential dredged material for open ocean disposal. Sediment from St. Andrew Bay was chemically characterized and evaluated for biological toxicity and bioaccumulation of contaminants. The Tier III guidance for ocean disposal testing requires tests of water column effects (following dredged material disposal), deposited sediment toxicity, and bioaccumulation of contaminants from deposited sediment (dredged material). To meet these requirements, the MSL conducted suspended-particulate-phase (SPP) toxicity tests, solid-phase toxicity tests, and bioaccumulation testing on sediment representing potential dredged material from Panama City Harbor. Physical and chemical characterization of sediment to support toxicity and bioaccumulation results was also conducted on both the test and reference sediments. The MSL collected sediment samples from five sites in St. Andrew Bay and one reference site near Lands End Peninsula. The five test sediments and the reference sediment were analyzed for physical and chemical sediment characteristics, SPP chemical contaminants, solid-phase toxicity, SPP toxicity, and bioaccumulation of contaminants.

  10. Response of five tropical plant species to natural solar ultraviolet-B radiation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Searles, P.S.; Caldwell, M.M. (Utah State Univ., Logan, UT (United States)); Winter, K. (Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, Balboa (Panama))

    1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The tropical latitudes currently receive high solar ultraviolet-B radiation (UV-B, 280-320 nm) even without ozone depletion. Thus, the influence of natural, present-day UV-B irradiance was examined for three native rainforest tree species and two economically important species on Barro Colorado Island, Panama (9[degrees] N). Solar UV-B radiation conditions were obtained using a UV-B excluding plastic film or a near-ambient UV-B transmitting film over potted plants in a small clearing. Significant differences were often exhibited as increased foliar UV-B absorbing compounds, increased leaf mass pre area, and reduced leaf blade length for plants receiving solar UV-B radiation. Plant height was typically reduced under solar UV-B, but some variation among species in response was seen. Biomass and photosystem II function were generally unaffected. The results provide evidence that tropical vegetation responds to the present level of Solar UV-B radiation. This suggests even a small increase in UV-B radiation with ozone depletion may have biological implications.

  11. Innovative Clean Coal Technology (ICCT): 180 MW demonstration of advanced tangentially-fired combustion techniques for the reduction of nitrogen oxide (NO[sub x]) emissions from coal-fired boilers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

    This quarterly report discusses the technical progress of a US Department of Energy (DOE) Innovative Clean Coal Technology (ICCT) Project demonstrating advanced tangentially-fired combustion techniques for the reduction of nitrogen oxide (NO[sub x]) emissions from a coal-fired boiler. The project is being conducted at Gulf Power Company's Plant Lansing Smith Unit 2 located near Panama City, Florida. The primary objective of this demonstration is to determine the long-term effects of commercially available tangentially-fired low NO[sub x] combustion technologies on NO[sub x] emissions and boiler performance. A target of achieving fifty percent NO[sub x] reduction using combustion modifications has been established for the project. The stepwise approach that is being used to evaluate the NO[sub x] control technologies requires three plant outages to successively install the test instrumentation and the different levels of the low NO[sub x] concentric firing system (LNCFS). Following each outage, a series of four groups of tests are performed. These are (1) diagnostic, (2) performance, (3) long-term, and (4) verification. These tests are used to quantify the NO[sub x] reductions of each technology and evaluate the effects of those reductions on other combustion parameters such as particulate characteristics and boiler efficiency. This technical progress report presents the LNCFS Level I short-term data collected during this quarter. In addition, a comparison of all the long-term emissions data that have been collected to date is included.

  12. Hormonal adaptation to the stresses imposed upon sodium balance by pregnancy and lactation in the Yanomama Indians: a culture without salt

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Oliver, W.J.; Neel, J.V.; Grekin, R.J.; Cohen, E.L.

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Yanomama Indians of northern Brazil and southern Venezuela have been identified as a no salt culture. In this study, data were obtained to determine in this population the adjustments of sodium-related hormones to the stresses imposed upon sodium balance by pregnancy and prolonged lactation. Controls against the possibility that findings in the Yanomama were ethnic rather than dietary were provided by similar observations in the Guaymi Indians of Panama, who have free access to salt. Urinary concentrations of sodium were approximately 1 mEq/l in male and female Yanomama, with 24-h excretion rates in the males averaging 1 mEq, similar to our prior observations. The pregnant Yanomama had exceeding high urinary concentrations of aldosterone. These were associated with higher plasma renin activities and serum aldosterone concentrations than in all other subjects. Although pregnant Guaymi had elevations of serum and urinary aldosterone, these were significantly lower (p < 0.001) than those of the Yanomama. Prolonged lactation in the Yanomama was associated with elevation of plasma renin activity and serum and urinary aldosterone concentration compared with the Guaymi, but were not higher than those in nonlactating Yanomama females. The findings suggest that pregnancy in a salt-poor environment is associated with an exaggerated augmentation of hormonal responses that enhance positive sodium balance.

  13. Solar UV-B in tropical forest gaps: Analysis using direct and diffuse radiation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Flint, S.D.; Caldwell, M.M. [Utah State Univ., Logan, UT (United States)

    1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Experiments with natural levels of solar ultraviolet-B radiation (UV-B) have recently shown inhibition of the growth of some tropical forest tree seedlings. A knowledge of forest radiation environments is needed to help assess UV-B effects in natural situations. Although forest canopies strongly attenuate solar radiation, treefall gaps provide a very different radiation environment. We simultaneously measured both UV-B and photosynthetically active radiation (PAR) in forest gaps on Barro Colorado Island, Panama. Outside the forest, UV-B is predominately diffuse even under clear sky conditions. In sunflecks of small forest gaps, most of the UV-B was in the direct beam component. Compared to conditions outside the forest, the UV-B in these sunflecks was low relative to PAR. Shaded portions of the gap, in contrast, had proportionately high levels of UV-B relative to PAR. There are indications in the literature that relatively low UV-B levels may be effective under low PFD. Seasonal trends of PAR and UV-B in different locations in gaps can be inferred from hemispherical canopy photographs.

  14. A limited assessment and characterization of the solar radiation energy resources in the Caribbean region

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hulstrom, R.L.

    1988-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of our work was to produce a preliminary assessment and characterization of the Caribbean region (Barbados, Dominican Republic, Guatemala, Jamaica, and Panama) solar radiation energy resources. Such information will be used to estimate the performance of, and identify the most promising applications of, solar heat technologies in the Caribbean region. We expect the solar radiation resources in the Caribbean region to be very location specific. Sunny areas will have an annual direct-beam resource of about 3,000 kWhm/sup /minus 2// and a global solar radiation resource of about 2,500 kWhm/sup /minus 2//. Cloud-covered areas will have annual solar radiation resources of about 1,500 kWhm/sup /minus 2/ for both the direct-beam and the global solar radiation. Monthly levels of solar radiaion will vary markedly, ranging from an average of 9 to 3 kWhm/sup /minus 2//day/sup /minus 1// for the direct-beam and from an average of 7 to 4 kWhm/sup /minus 2//day/sup /minus 1// for the global solar radiation. The Caribbean region is comparable to the Great Plains region of the US, in terms of annual solar radiation resources; however, thorough ''prospecting'' is required to avoid areas having very low amounts of solar radiation.

  15. Innovative Clean Coal Technology (ICCT): 180 MW demonstration of advanced tangentially-fired combustion techniques for the reduction of nitrogen oxide (NO{sub x}) emissions from coal-fired boilers. Fourth quarterly technical progress report, [October--December, 1992

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This quarterly report discusses the technical progress of a U. S. Department of Energy (DOE) Innovative Clean Coal Technology (ICCT) Project demonstrating advanced tangentially-fired combustion techniques for the reduction of nitrogen oxide (NOx) emissions from a coal-fired boiler. The project is being conducted at Gulf Power Company`s Plant Lansing Smith Unit 2 located near Panama City, Florida. The primary objective of this demonstration is to determine the long-term effects of commercially available tangentially-fired low NOx combustion technologies on NOx emissions and boiler performance. A target of achieving fifty percent NOx reduction using combustion modifications has been established for the project. The stepwise approach that is being used to evaluate the NOx control technologies requires three plant outages to successively install the test instrumentation and the different levels of the low NOx concentric firing system (LNCFS). Following each outage, a series of four groups of tests are performed. These are (1) diagnostic, (2) performance, (3) long-term, and (4) verification. These tests are used to quantify the NOx reductions of each technology and evaluate the effects of those reductions on other combustion parameters such as particulate characteristics and boiler efficiency. During this quarter, tests of the LNCFS Level III system were conducted to determine the effect that fuel fineness has on NOx emissions and unburned carbon levels. Results showed that changing the fineness of the fuel has almost no effect on NOx emissions; however, unburned carbon levels can be reduced significantly by increasing fuel fineness.

  16. BioSAR Airborne Biomass Sensing System

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Graham, R.L.; Johnson, P.

    2007-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

    This CRADA was developed to enable ORNL to assist American Electronics, Inc. test a new technology--BioSAR. BioSAR is a an airborne, low frequency (80-120 MHz {approx} FM radio frequencies) synthetic aperture radar (SAR) technology which was designed and built for NASA by ZAI-Amelex under Patrick Johnson's direction. At these frequencies, leaves and small branches are nearly transparent and the majority of the energy reflected from the forest and returned to the radar is from the tree trunks. By measuring the magnitude of the back scatter, the volume of the tree trunk and therefore the biomass of the trunks can be inferred. The instrument was successfully tested on tropical rain forests in Panama. Patrick Johnson, with American Electronics, Inc received a Phase II SBIR grant from DOE Office of Climate Change to further test and refine the instrument. Mr Johnson sought ORNL expertise in measuring forest biomass in order for him to further validate his instrument. ORNL provided ground truth measurements of forest biomass at three locations--the Oak Ridge Reservation, Weyerhaeuser Co. commercial pine plantations in North Carolina, and American Energy and Power (AEP) Co. hardwood forests in southern Ohio, and facilitated flights over these forests. After Mr. Johnson processed the signal data from BioSAR instrument, the processed data were given to ORNL and we attempted to derive empirical relationships between the radar signals and the ground truth forest biomass measurements using standard statistical techniques. We were unsuccessful in deriving such relationships. Shortly before the CRADA ended, Mr Johnson discovered that FM signal from local radio station broadcasts had interfered with the back scatter measurements such that the bulk of the signal received by the BioSAR instrument was not backscatter from the radar but rather was local radio station signals.

  17. Neotropical eocene coastal floras and [sup 18]O/[sup 16]O-estimated warmer vs. cooler equatorial waters

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Graham, A. (Kent State Univ., OH (United States))

    1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The history of the earth's sea-surface temperature (SST) in equatorial regions during the Tertiary is unsettled because of uncertainty as to the presence and extent of glaciers during the Paleogene. The [sup 16]O trapped in glaciers and subsequently released back to the ocean basins as meltwater during interglacials affects the [sup 18]O/[sup 16]O ratio of sea water, one of the variables that must be known for oxygen isotope paleotemperature analysis of calcareous fossils. Estimates of SST range from [approximately]18 to 20 C, assuming an ice-free earth, to [approximately]28 C assuming glaciers were present in the Paleogene. Low latitude SST presently averages 28C, so the former estimate gives a value 8 to 10 C cooler than present, while the latter gives a value as warm or slightly warmer than present. The figures are important for interpreting terrestrial vegetational history because the temperature differential between low and high latitudes is a major factor in determining global climates through the control of poleward transfer of heat. The middle( ) to late Eocene Gatuncillo Formation palynoflora of Panama was deposited at the ocean-continental interface at [approximately]9[degrees]N latitude. The individual components and paleocommunities are distinctly tropical and similar to the present vegetation along the Atlantic coast of southern Central America. This is consistent with data emerging from other recently studied tropical coastal biotas and represents a contribution from paleobiology toward eventually resolving the problem of Eocene equatorial marine environments. Collectively, the evidence is beginning to favor a model of Eocene SST near present values. 50 refs., 1 fig., 2 tabs.

  18. Distribution of copper, nickel, and cadmium in the surface waters of the North Atlantic and North Pacific Ocean

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Boyle, E.A.; Huested, S.S.; Jones, S.P.

    1981-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

    Concentrations of copper, nickel, and cadmium have been determined for about 250 surface water samples. Nonupwelling open-ocean concentrations of these metals are Cu, 0.5-1.4 nmol/kg: Ni, 1-2 nmol/kg; and Cd, less than 10 pmol/kg. In the equatorial Pacific upwelling zone, concentrations of Ni (3 nmol/kg) and Cd (80 pmol/kg) are higher than in the open ocean, but Cu (0.9 nmol/kg) is not significantly enriched. Metal concentrations are higher in cool, nutrient-rich eastern boundary currents: Cu, 1.5 nmol/kg: Ni, 3.5 nmol/kg and Cd, 30-50 pmol/kg. Copper is distinctly higher in the coastal waters of the Gulf of Panama (3--4 nmol/kg) and also higher in the shelf waters north of the Gulf Stream (2.5 nmol/kg): these copper enrichments may be caused by copper remobilized from mildly reducing shelf sediments and maintained by a coastal nutrient trap. In the open ocean, events of high-Cu water (1.5--3.5 nmol/kg) are seen on scales up to 60 km; presumably, these are due to the advection of coastal water into the ocean interior. The lowest copper concentrations in the North Pacific central gyre (0.5 nmol/kg: (Bruland, 1980) are lower than in the Sargasso Sea (1.3 nmol/kg), while for nickel the lowest concentrations are 2 nmol/kg in both the North Pacific and the North Atlantic. Nickel and cadmium, while generally correlated with the nutrients in surface waters, show distinct regional changes in their element-nutrient correlations. The residual concentrations of trace metals in the surface waters of the ocean can be explained if biological discrimination against trace metals relative to phosphorus increases as productivity decreases.

  19. Innovative Clean Coal Technology (ICCT): 180 MW demonstration of advanced tangentially-fired combustion techniques for the reduction of nitrogen oxide (NO{sub x}) emissions from coal-fired boilers. Technical progress report, second quarter 1992

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

    This quarterly report discusses the technical progress of a US Department of Energy (DOE) Innovative Clean Coal Technology (ICCT) Project demonstrating advanced tangentially-fired combustion techniques for the reduction of nitrogen oxide (NO{sub x}) emissions from a coal-fired boiler. The project is being conducted at Gulf Power Company`s Plant Lansing Smith Unit 2 located near Panama City, Florida. The primary objective of this demonstration is to determine the long-term effects of commercially available tangentially-fired low NO{sub x} combustion technologies on NO{sub x} emissions and boiler performance. A target of achieving fifty percent NO{sub x} reduction using combustion modifications has been established for the project. The stepwise approach that is being used to evaluate the NO{sub x} control technologies requires three plant outages to successively install the test instrumentation and the different levels of the low NO{sub x} concentric firing system (LNCFS). Following each outage, a series of four groups of tests are performed. These are (1) diagnostic, (2) performance, (3) long-term, and (4) verification. These tests are used to quantify the NO{sub x} reductions of each technology and evaluate the effects of those reductions on other combustion parameters such as particulate characteristics and boiler efficiency. This technical progress report presents the LNCFS Level I short-term data collected during this quarter. In addition, a comparison of all the long-term emissions data that have been collected to date is included.

  20. Innovative Clean Coal Technology (ICCT): 180 MW demonstration of advanced tangentially-fired combustion techniques for the reduction of nitrogen oxide (NO{sub x}) emissions from coal-fired boilers. Technical progress report, first quarter 1992

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

    This quarterly report discusses the technical progress of a US Department of Energy (DOE) Innovative Clean Coal Technology (ICCT) Project demonstrating advanced tangentially-fired combustion techniques for the reduction of nitrogen oxide (NO{sub x}) emissions from a coal-fired boiler. The project is being conducted at Gulf Power Company`s Plant Lansing Smith Unit 2 located near Panama City, Florida. The primary objective of this demonstration is to determine the long-term effects of commercially available tangentially-fired low NO{sub x} combustion technologies on NO{sub x} emissions and boiler performance. A target of achieving fifty percent NO{sub x} reduction using combustion modifications has been established for the project. The stepwise approach that is being used to evaluate the NO{sub x} control technologies requires three plant outages to successively install the test instrumentation and the different levels of the low NO{sub x} concentric firing system (LNCFS). Following each outage, a series of four groups of tests are performed. These are (1) diagnostic, (2) performance, (3) long-term, and (4) verification. These tests are used to quantify the NO{sub x} reductions of each technology and evaluate the effects of those reductions on other combustion parameters such as particulate characteristics and boiler efficiency. This technical progess report presents the LNCFS Level III long-term data collected during this quarter. NO{sub x} emissions for each day of long-term testing are presented. The average NO{sub x} emission during long-term testing was 0.39 lb/MBtu at an average load of 155 MW. The effect of the low NO{sub x} combustion system on other combustion parameters such as carbon monoxide, excess oxygen level, and carbon carryover are also included.

  1. Innovative Clean Coal Technology (ICCT): 180 MW demonstration of advanced tangentially-fired combustion techniques for the reduction of nitrogen oxide (NO[sub x]) emissions from coal-fired boilers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

    This quarterly report discusses the technical progress of a US Department of Energy (DOE) Innovative Clean Coal Technology (ICCT) Project demonstrating advanced tangentially-fired combustion techniques for the reduction of nitrogen oxide (NO[sub x]) emissions from a coal-fired boiler. The project is being conducted at Gulf Power Company's Plant Lansing Smith Unit 2 located near Panama City, Florida. The primary objective of this demonstration is to determine the long-term effects of commercially available tangentially-fired low NO[sub x] combustion technologies on NO[sub x] emissions and boiler performance. A target of achieving fifty percent NO[sub x] reduction using combustion modifications has been established for the project. The stepwise approach that is being used to evaluate the NO[sub x] control technologies requires three plant outages to successively install the test instrumentation and the different levels of the low NO[sub x] concentric firing system (LNCFS). Following each outage, a series of four groups of tests are performed. These are (1) diagnostic, (2) performance, (3) long-term, and (4) verification. These tests are used to quantify the NO[sub x] reductions of each technology and evaluate the effects of those reductions on other combustion parameters such as particulate characteristics and boiler efficiency. This technical progess report presents the LNCFS Level III long-term data collected during this quarter. NO[sub x] emissions for each day of long-term testing are presented. The average NO[sub x] emission during long-term testing was 0.39 lb/MBtu at an average load of 155 MW. The effect of the low NO[sub x] combustion system on other combustion parameters such as carbon monoxide, excess oxygen level, and carbon carryover are also included.

  2. The Enemy Below - The Global Diffusion of Submarines and Related Technology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Weiss, K G

    2002-09-05T23:59:59.000Z

    The end of the Cold War seemed to create a more peaceful international environment. September 11 reminded us of the dangers of complacency. Indeed, even before September 11 US forces had intervened in a number of wars and crises, including Panama, the Persian Gulf War, Somalia, Rwanda, Bosnia, Kosovo, several Taiwan Straits crises, the North Korea nuclear weapons crisis, and most recently Afghanistan. US ability to intervene in remote areas of the world is often dependent on the Navy's ability to project power ashore. As a result, US ability to influence events in crisis situations, especially between or among nuclear powers, may become more difficult along with our ability to conduct littoral warfare. Although the numbers of potentially hostile submarines have declined with the end of the Cold War, US anti-submarine warfare capabilities have also declined. Moreover, foreign submarines and related technologies are likely to diffuse globally. New technologies like Air Independent Propulsion (AIP), improved weapons and sensors will make conventional submarines more dangerous, and the spread of nuclear submarines even to a few more countries raise political, military, environmental, and safety concerns. Submarines are one of the key weapon systems used alone or in combination with other weapon systems such as coastal defense missiles, aircraft, and other sea-based missile platforms to deny US ability to project power ashore, Thus, other countries who wish to deny the US the ability to interfere with their regional or even global ambitions may emphasize the acquisition and/or development of submarines. As the world become more multipolar over the longer term, as the Chinese believe it will, countries such as Russia, China. etc., may be able to acquire the submarine capabilities to challenge us not just regionally, but in blue waters. To the extent that our alliance relationships require US naval access or superiority to sustain them, then our erstwhile friendly allies such as Japan, South Korea, ASEAN states, Taiwan, etc., may seek their own arrangements with other powers for their protection or seek WMD capabilities to offset the former reliance on the US. In addition to a loss of unchallenged regional access, the US may have to devote greater resources for protecting its homeland, and perhaps its sea-based deterrent, from hostile submarine forces.