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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "micrometer-sized magnetic thin" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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1

Thin film superconductor magnetic bearings  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A superconductor magnetic bearing includes a shaft (10) that is subject to a load (L) and rotatable around an axis of rotation, a magnet (12) mounted to the shaft, and a stator (14) in proximity to the shaft. The stator (14) has a superconductor thin film assembly (16) positioned to interact with the magnet (12) to produce a levitation force on the shaft (10) that supports the load (L). The thin film assembly (16) includes at least two superconductor thin films (18) and at least one substrate (20). Each thin film (18) is positioned on a substrate (20) and all the thin films are positioned such that an applied magnetic field from the magnet (12) passes through all the thin films. A similar bearing in which the thin film assembly (16) is mounted on the shaft (10) and the magnet (12) is part of the stator (14) also can be constructed.

Weinberger, Bernard R. (Avon, CT)

1995-12-26T23:59:59.000Z

2

Magnetic behaviour of europium epitaxial thin films  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Magnetic behaviour of europium epitaxial thin films. Philippe Mangin, University of Nancy and NCNR. We present the magnetic ...

3

Breakthroughs in Thin-Film Magnetic Devices Earn NIST ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... thin films to control magnetism as a foundation for developing better sensors and memory devices. Computer hard drives that use magnetic thin-film ...

2012-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

4

Magnetic properties of TM/RE bilayer thin films  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Magnetic properties of TM/RE bilayer thin films. I. Zoto University of Alabama. The magnetic recording technology badly ...

5

Magnetic Thin Films and Devices  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... metal atoms that form small magnets with Curie ... a toggle operation of the magnetic state of ... A high-frequency probe driving a microwave waveguide ...

2010-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

6

Magnetic Wall Climbing Robot for Thin Surfaces with Specific Obstacles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for inspecting the interior surfaces in gas tanks made out of thin metal sheets. These surfaces were inaccessible here was designed for inspecting gas tanks that are made out of thin metal sheets and are installed and mechanical calculations for robots on magnetic wheels. The chosen concept is described in detail, explaining

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

7

Low Temperature Chemical Vapor Deposition Of Thin Film Magnets  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A thin-film magnet formed from a gas-phase reaction of tetracyanoetheylene (TCNE) OR (TCNQ), 7,7,8,8-tetracyano-P-quinodimethane, and a vanadium-containing compound such as vanadium hexcarbonyl (V(CO).sub.6) and bis(benzene)vanalium (V(C.sub.6 H.sub.6).sub.2) and a process of forming a magnetic thin film upon at least one substrate by chemical vapor deposition (CVD) at a process temperature not exceeding approximately 90.degree. C. and in the absence of a solvent. The magnetic thin film is particularly suitable for being disposed upon rigid or flexible substrates at temperatures in the range of 40.degree. C. and 70.degree. C. The present invention exhibits air-stable characteristics and qualities and is particularly suitable for providing being disposed upon a wide variety of substrates.

Miller, Joel S. (Salt Lake City, UT); Pokhodnya, Kostyantyn I. (Salt Lake City, UT)

2003-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

8

Avalanches through windows: Multiscale visualization in magnetic thin films  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Avalanches through windows: Multiscale visualization in magnetic thin films Alessandro Magni dynamics, but are strongly dependent on the size of the windows chosen. Here we investigate how to properly sub-window of the entire sample. Usually, windows of varying sizes are used, and the distributions

Sethna, James P.

9

Time-Resolved Magnetic Flux and AC-Current Distributions in Superconducting YBCO Thin Films and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Time-Resolved Magnetic Flux and AC-Current Distributions in Superconducting YBCO Thin Films magnetic field. We study the interaction behavior of YBCO thin films in an ac transport current and a dc the calibrated field profiles. The current density evolution in YBCO thin films is studied by TRMOI as a function

Lewis, Robert Michael

10

Magnetic Vortex Core Reversal by Low-Field Excitations  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Magnetic Vortex Core Reversal by Magnetic Vortex Core Reversal by Low-Field Excitations Magnetic Vortex Core Reversal by Low-Field Excitations Print Wednesday, 28 March 2007 00:00 In micrometer-sized magnetic thin films, the magnetization typically adopts an in-plane, circular configuration known as a magnetic vortex. At the vortex core, the magnetization turns sharply out of the plane, pointing either up or down. Magnetic data storage based on this binary phenomenon is an intriguing concept, but it would require the ability to flip the vortex cores on demand. Because these structures are highly stable, very strong magnetic fields of around half a tesla (approximately one-third the field of the strongest permanent magnet) were previously thought to be necessary to accomplish this. At the ALS, a team of researchers from Germany, Belgium, and the U.S. has used time-resolved scanning transmission x-ray microscopy (STXM) to observe vortex motion and demonstrate the feasibility of using weak magnetic fields as low as 1.5 millitesla (mT) to reverse the direction of a vortex core. The observed switching mechanism, which can be understood within the framework of micromagnetic theory, gives insights into basic magnetization dynamics and their possible application to data storage technologies.

11

Magnetic Vortex Core Reversal by Low-Field Excitations  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Magnetic Vortex Core Reversal by Low-Field Excitations Print Magnetic Vortex Core Reversal by Low-Field Excitations Print In micrometer-sized magnetic thin films, the magnetization typically adopts an in-plane, circular configuration known as a magnetic vortex. At the vortex core, the magnetization turns sharply out of the plane, pointing either up or down. Magnetic data storage based on this binary phenomenon is an intriguing concept, but it would require the ability to flip the vortex cores on demand. Because these structures are highly stable, very strong magnetic fields of around half a tesla (approximately one-third the field of the strongest permanent magnet) were previously thought to be necessary to accomplish this. At the ALS, a team of researchers from Germany, Belgium, and the U.S. has used time-resolved scanning transmission x-ray microscopy (STXM) to observe vortex motion and demonstrate the feasibility of using weak magnetic fields as low as 1.5 millitesla (mT) to reverse the direction of a vortex core. The observed switching mechanism, which can be understood within the framework of micromagnetic theory, gives insights into basic magnetization dynamics and their possible application to data storage technologies.

12

Magnetic Vortex Core Reversal by Low-Field Excitations  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Magnetic Vortex Core Reversal by Low-Field Excitations Print Magnetic Vortex Core Reversal by Low-Field Excitations Print In micrometer-sized magnetic thin films, the magnetization typically adopts an in-plane, circular configuration known as a magnetic vortex. At the vortex core, the magnetization turns sharply out of the plane, pointing either up or down. Magnetic data storage based on this binary phenomenon is an intriguing concept, but it would require the ability to flip the vortex cores on demand. Because these structures are highly stable, very strong magnetic fields of around half a tesla (approximately one-third the field of the strongest permanent magnet) were previously thought to be necessary to accomplish this. At the ALS, a team of researchers from Germany, Belgium, and the U.S. has used time-resolved scanning transmission x-ray microscopy (STXM) to observe vortex motion and demonstrate the feasibility of using weak magnetic fields as low as 1.5 millitesla (mT) to reverse the direction of a vortex core. The observed switching mechanism, which can be understood within the framework of micromagnetic theory, gives insights into basic magnetization dynamics and their possible application to data storage technologies.

13

Magnetic Vortex Core Reversal by Low-Field Excitations  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Magnetic Vortex Core Reversal by Low-Field Excitations Print Magnetic Vortex Core Reversal by Low-Field Excitations Print In micrometer-sized magnetic thin films, the magnetization typically adopts an in-plane, circular configuration known as a magnetic vortex. At the vortex core, the magnetization turns sharply out of the plane, pointing either up or down. Magnetic data storage based on this binary phenomenon is an intriguing concept, but it would require the ability to flip the vortex cores on demand. Because these structures are highly stable, very strong magnetic fields of around half a tesla (approximately one-third the field of the strongest permanent magnet) were previously thought to be necessary to accomplish this. At the ALS, a team of researchers from Germany, Belgium, and the U.S. has used time-resolved scanning transmission x-ray microscopy (STXM) to observe vortex motion and demonstrate the feasibility of using weak magnetic fields as low as 1.5 millitesla (mT) to reverse the direction of a vortex core. The observed switching mechanism, which can be understood within the framework of micromagnetic theory, gives insights into basic magnetization dynamics and their possible application to data storage technologies.

14

Scale-Free Thin Discs with an Isopedic Magnetic Field  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Global stationary configurations of both aligned and logarithmic spiral MHD perturbations are constructed analytically within an axisymmetric background ofrazor-thin scale-free gas disc, which is embedded in an axisymmetric gravitational potential of a dark matter halo and involves an isopedic magnetic field almost vertically threaded through the disc plane. The scale-free index $\\beta$ of the disc rotation speed $v_{\\theta}\\propto R^{-\\beta}$ falls in the rangeof $(-1/2 , 1/2)$ where $R$ is the cylindrical radius. With the holding-back of a deep background dark matter halo potential, the isopedic magnetic field may be strong enough to allow for the magnetic tension force overtaking the disc self-gravity, which can significantly influence global stationary MHD perturbation configurations and stability properties of the scale-free disc system. Only for stationary logarithmic spiral MHD perturbations with a perturbation scale-free index $\\beta_1=1/4$ or for aligned stationary MHD perturbations, can the MHD disc maintain a constant radial flux of angularmomentum. The variable radial flux of angular momentum in the radial direction corresponds to a complex dispersion relation. The marginal instabilities foraxisymmetric MHD disturbances are also examined for a special case as an example. When the magnetic tension force overtakes the disc self-gravity, the scale-free disc can be completely stable against axisymmetric MHD disturbances of all wavelengths. We predict the possible existence of an isopedicallymagnetized gas disc system in rotation primarily confined by a massive dark matter halo potential.

Yue Wu; Yu-Qing Lou

2006-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

15

Focused ion beam induced structural modifications in thin magnetic films  

SciTech Connect

Focused ion beam techniques are one way to modify locally the properties of magnetic thin films. We report on structural investigations of 50 nm thick non-ordered nano-crystalline Permalloy (Ni{sub 81}Fe{sub 19}) films modified by 30 keV Ga{sup +} focused ion beam (FIB) irradiation. From the x-ray diffraction (XRD) measurements a considerable crystallite growth and a material texturing towards (111)-direction with a linearly increasing lattice constant was observed. In addition, cross-sectional transmission electron microscope (XTEM) images show that crystallites are growing through the entire film at high irradiation fluences. Extended x-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) analysis shows a perfect near-order coordination corresponding to a face-centered (fcc) unit cell for both Fe, Ni and Ga atom surrounding. The structural changes are accompanied by a decrease of saturation polarization with increasing ion fluence. Such a behavior is attributed to the incorporation of non-magnetic Ga atoms in the Permalloy film.

Roshchupkina, O. D.; Grenzer, J.; Strache, T.; McCord, J.; Fritzsche, M.; Muecklich, A.; Baehtz, C.; Fassbender, J. [Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf e.V., Institute of Ion Beam Physics and Materials Research, Dresden (Germany)

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Interaction of stress and magnetic properties in patterned copper-nickel-copper thin films  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In recent years, the epitaxial Cu/Ni/Cu thin film system has been extensively studied, due to its wide range of perpendicular magnetization. It has proved to be a model system to explore the interactions of strain, surface ...

Friend, Elizabeth, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Thin superconducting disk with field-dependent critical current: Magnetization and ac susceptibilities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Thin superconducting disk with field-dependent critical current: Magnetization and ac of a superconducting thin disk are calculated in the critical-state model assuming a field-dependent critical current for the flux and current distributions Phys. Rev. B 60, 13 112 1999 for a disk placed in a perpendicular

Johansen, Tom Henning

18

Hard and elastic amorphous carbon nitride thin films studied by 13 C nuclear magnetic  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hard and elastic amorphous carbon nitride thin films studied by 13 C nuclear magnetic resonance bonding of hard and elastic amorphous carbon nitride (a-CNx) thin films was examined using solid-state 13 on Si 001 substrates at 300 °C. Nanoindentation tests reveal a recovery of 80%, a hardness of 5 GPa

Reilly, Anne

19

Tailoring of Magnetic Properties and GMI Effect in Thin Amorphous ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Fabrication of Nanocrystalline Magnetic Materials for Use in Energy-efficient Distribution Transformers Fabrication of ?-Fe16N2 Bulk Magnets by...

20

High-field magnets using high-critical-temperature superconducting thin films  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

High-field magnets fabricated from high-critical-temperature superconducting ceramic (HTSC) thin films which can generate fields greater than 4 Tesla. The high-field magnets are made of stackable disk-shaped substrates coated with HTSC thin films, and involves maximizing the critical current density, superconducting film thickness, number of superconducting layers per substrate, substrate diameter, and number of substrates while minimizing substrate thickness. The HTSC thin films are deposited on one or both sides of the substrates in a spiral configuration with variable line widths to increase the field.

Mitlitsky, Fred (Livermore, CA); Hoard, Ronald W. (Livermore, CA)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "micrometer-sized magnetic thin" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

High-field magnets using high-critical-temperature superconducting thin films  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

High-field magnets fabricated from high-critical-temperature superconducting ceramic (HTSC) thin films which can generate fields greater than 4 Tesla are disclosed. The high-field magnets are made of stackable disk-shaped substrates coated with HTSC thin films, and involves maximizing the critical current density, superconducting film thickness, number of superconducting layers per substrate, substrate diameter, and number of substrates while minimizing substrate thickness. The HTSC thin films are deposited on one or both sides of the substrates in a spiral configuration with variable line widths to increase the field. 4 figures.

Mitlitsky, F.; Hoard, R.W.

1994-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

22

Magnetic Mapping, a way to test and understand current flows in thin and bulk superconductors.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, as well its dependence on the magnetic field or its behaviour in the flux flow regime. However, the directMagnetic Mapping, a way to test and understand current flows in thin and bulk superconductors. X mcarrera@macs.udl.es Keywords: Superconducting ceramics, Inverse problem, critical current

Amoros, Jaume

23

CONDITIONS FOR TRANSVERSE WAVES PROPAGATION ALONG THIN MAGNETIC FLUX TUBES ON THE SUN  

SciTech Connect

The propagation of kink waves in the thin gravity stratified flux tubes with a generalized magnetic field distribution model is considered in cylindrical geometry. The new kink wave equations for both wave variables are obtained. It is shown that the inclusion of the radial component of an unperturbed tube magnetic field sufficiently transforms the conditions for the propagation of transverse waves. It is demonstrated that, for the models of isothermal and polytropic atmosphere in the tube and its environment, the propagation of kink waves along thin magnetic flux tubes is cutoff-free.

Lopin, Igor [Ussuriisk Astrophysical Observatory, Russian Academy of Sciences, Ussuriisk (Russian Federation); Nagorny, Ivan, E-mail: lopin78@mail.ru [Institute of Automation and Control Processes FEB RAS, Vladivostok (Russian Federation)

2013-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

24

X-ray resonant magnetic scattering study of magnetic stripe domains in a-GdFe thin films  

SciTech Connect

X-ray resonant magnetic scattering (XRMS) has been used to investigate the structure of magnetic stripe domain patterns in thin amorphous GdFe films. Under the influence of a perpendicular magnetic field, the scattered intensity displays a smooth transition from a structure factor of correlated stripes to the form factor of isolated domains. We derive a quite general expression that relates the total scattered intensity of XRMS to the absolute value of the magnetization. Furthermore, we compare our results for the domain period with domain theory. We obtain good agreement for prealigned stripes, but disorder tends to lead to an overestimation of the period measured with XRMS.

Miguel, J.; Peters, J. F.; Toulemonde, O. M.; Goedkoop, J. B. [Van der Waals-Zeeman Institute, University of Amsterdam, Valckenierstraat 65, 1018 XE, Amsterdam (Netherlands); Dhesi, S. S.; Brookes, N. B. [European Synchrotron Radiation Facility, ESRF, Boite Postale 220, F-38043 Grenoble Cedex (France)

2006-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Thin magnetic conductor substrate for placement-immune, electrically-small antennas.  

SciTech Connect

An antenna is considered to be placement-immune when the antenna operates effectively regardless of where it is placed. By building antennas on magnetic conductor materials, the radiated fields will be positively reinforced in the desired radiation direction instead of being negatively affected by the environment. Although this idea has been discussed thoroughly in theoretical research, the difficulty in building thin magnetic conductor materials necessary for in-phase field reflections prevents this technology from becoming more widespread. This project's purpose is to build and measure an electrically-small antenna on a new type of non-metallic, thin magnetic conductor. This problem has not been previously addressed because non-metallic, thin magnetic conductor materials have not yet been discovered. This work proposed the creation of an artificial magnetic conductor (AMC) with in-phase field reflections without using internal electric conductors, the placement of an electrically-small antenna on this magnetic conductor, and the development of a transmit-receive system that utilizes the substrate and electrically-small antenna. By not using internal electric conductors to create the AMC, the substrate thickness can be minimized. The electrically-small antenna will demonstrate the substrate's ability to make an antenna placement immune, and the transmit-receive system combines both the antenna and the substrate while adding a third layer of system complexity to demonstrate the complete idea.

Eubanks, Travis Wayne; McDonald, Jacob J.; Loui, Hung

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Structural and magnetic properties of MBE grown GeMnN2 thin films  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Epitaxial GeMnN{sub 2} thin films are synthesized by plasma-assisted molecular beam epitaxy. Transmission electron microscopy and x-ray diffraction measurements confirm that it is the orthorhombic variant, consistent with the predictions of first-principles calculations. The magnetic properties of the films are related to defects, with samples grown under Ge-rich conditions exhibiting a net magnetic moment above room temperature. These results are explained by first-principles calculations, indicating that the preferential substitution of one magnetic sublattice of GeMnN{sub 2} by impurities and/or intrinsic defects such as Ge antisites produces a net magnetic moment in an antiferromagnetic background, and also introduces spin-polarized carriers near the Fermi level.

Liu, Y [University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee; Lazarov, V. K. [University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee; Cheung, S.H. [University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee; Keavney, D.J. [Argonne National Laboratory (ANL); Gai, Zheng [ORNL; Gajdardziska-Josifovska, M [University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee; Weinert, M [University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee; Li, Lian [University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Structural controlled magnetic anisotropy in Heusler L1{sub 0}-MnGa epitaxial thin films  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Ferromagnetic L1{sub 0}-MnGa thin films have been epitaxially grown on GaN, sapphire, and MgO substrates using molecular beam epitaxy. Using diffraction techniques, the epitaxial relationships are determined. It is found that the crystalline orientation of the films differ due to the influence of the substrate. By comparing the magnetic anisotropy to the structural properties, a clear correlation could be established indicating that the in-plane and out-of-plane anisotropy is directly determined by the crystal orientation of the film and could be controlled via selection of the substrates. This result could be helpful in tailoring magnetic anisotropy in thin films for spintronic applications.

Wang Kangkang; Lu Erdong; Smith, Arthur R. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Nanoscale and Quantum Phenomena Institute, Ohio University, Athens, Ohio 45701 (United States); Knepper, Jacob W.; Yang Fengyuan [Department of Physics, Ohio State University, 191 Woodruff Ave., Columbus, Ohio 43210 (United States)

2011-04-18T23:59:59.000Z

28

Microstructure and Magnetic Properties of PrMnO{sub 3} Bulk and Thin Film  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Perovskite PrMnO{sub 3}(PMO) had been prepared in bulk by solid state reaction and thin films on corning glass, fused silica and MgO (100) glass substrate by pulsed laser deposition technique. SEM micrographs show that grains with size 2{approx}3 {mu}m is observed in bulk PMO while thin films PMO show strongly connected grain structure with particle size that not larger than 100 nm. X-ray diffraction analysis shows that all samples are in single phase with orthorhombic crystal structure. Bulk PMO sample had lattice strain of 0.134% which is the lowest value among others. However, larger lattice strain was observed in thin film samples due to lattice mismatch between film-substrate and caused the MnO{sub 6} to deform. All samples shown paramagnetic or antiferromagnetic behavior, enhancement in magnetization value occurred for all PMO grew as film. We believe that larger lattice strain favor the grain growth of PMO towards more order phase. In summary, formation of structure and microstructure of thin film PMO depends on type of substrate used and it affect the magnetic property.

Lim, K. P.; Halim, S. A.; Chen, S. K.; Ng, S. W.; Wong, J. K.; Gan, H. M. Albert [Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor (Malaysia); Woon, H. S. [College of Engineering, Universiti Tenaga Nasional, Jalan IKRAM-UNITEN, 43000 Kajang, Selangor (Malaysia)

2011-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

29

Magnetic thin-film split-domain current sensor-recorder  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A sensor-recorder for recording a representation of the direction and peak amplitude of a transient current. A magnetic thin film is coated on a glass substrate under the influence of a magnetic field so that the finished film is magnetically uniaxial and anisotropic. The film is split into two oppositely magnetized contiguous domains with a central boundary by subjecting adjacent portions of the film simultaneously to magnetic fields that are opposed 180.degree.. With the split-domain sensor-recorder placed with the film plane and domain boundary either perpendicular or parallel to the expected conductive path of a transient current, the occurrence of the transient causes switching of a portion of one domain to the direction of the other domain. The amount of the switched domain portion is indicative of the amplitude of the peak current of the transient, while the particular domain that is switched is indicative of the direction of the current. The resulting domain patterns may be read with a passive magnetic tape viewer.

Hsieh, Edmund J. (Livermore, CA)

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Magnetism and transport properties of epitaxial Fe-Ga thin films on GaAs(001)  

SciTech Connect

Epitaxial Fe-Ga thin films in disordered bcc {alpha}-Fe crystal structure (A2) have been grown on GaAs(001) by molecular beam epitaxy. The saturated magnetization (M{sub S}) decreased from 1371 to 1105 kA/m with increasing Ga concentration from 10.5 to 24.3 % at room temperature. The lattice parameter increased with the increase in Ga content because of the larger atomic radius of Ga atom than that of Fe. The increase in carrier density with Ga content caused in lower resistivity.

Duong Anh Tuan; Shin, Yooleemi; Cho, Sunglae [Department of Physics, University of Ulsan, Ulsan 680-749 (Korea, Republic of); Dang Duc Dung [Department of Physics, University of Ulsan, Ulsan 680-749 (Korea, Republic of); Department of General Physics, School of Engineering Physics, Ha Noi University of Science and Technology, 1 Dai Co Viet road, Ha Noi (Viet Nam); Vo Thanh Son [Centers for Nanobioenineering and Spintronics, Chungnam National University, Daejon 350-746 (Korea, Republic of)

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Solution of thin film magnetization problems in type-II superconductivity  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Keywords: critical current, numerical solution, superconductivity, thin film, variational inequality

Leonid Prigozhin

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Element-specific study of the temperature dependent magnetization of Co-Mn-Sb thin films  

SciTech Connect

Magnetron sputtered thin Co-Mn-Sb films were investigated with respect to their element-specific magnetic properties. Stoichiometric Co{sub 1}Mn{sub 1}Sb{sub 1} crystallized in the C1{sub b} structure has been predicted to be half-metallic and is therefore of interest for spintronics applications. It should show a characteristic antiferromagnetic coupling of the Mn and Co magnetic moments and a transition temperature T{sub C} of about 480K. Although the observed transition temperature of our 20nm thick Co{sub 32.4}Mn{sub 33.7}Sb{sub 33.8}, Co{sub 37.7}Mn{sub 34.1}Sb{sub 28.2} and Co{sub 43.2}Mn{sub 32.6}Sb{sub 24.2} films is in quite good agreement with the expected value, we found a ferromagnetic coupling of the Mn and Co magnetic moments which indicates that the films do not crystallize in the C1{sub b} structure and are probably not fully spin-polarized. The ratio of the Co and Mn moments does not change up to the transition temperature and the temperature dependence of the magnetic moments can be well described by the mean field theory.

Schmalhorst, J.; Ebke, D.; Meinert, M.; Thomas, A.; Reiss, G.; Arenholz, E.

2008-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

33

We study the interaction of a high frequency AC current with a magnetic field in an YBCO thin film by using time  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

an applied magnetic field, and a time varying transport current that does not induce any flux inside the thinWe study the interaction of a high frequency AC current with a magnetic field in an YBCO thin film of flux distributions. We find that the total current distribution can be described as the superposition

Lewis, Robert Michael

34

Evaluation of barrier uniformity in magnetic tunnel junctions prepared using natural oxidation of thin Mg layers  

SciTech Connect

We fabricated submicron magnetic tunnel junctions (MTJs) using natural oxidation of thin Mg layers deposited by dc sputtering. The MTJs exhibited magnetoresistance (MR) ratios of up to about 150% with a low resistance-area product (R{sub p}A) of 8 {Omega} {mu}m{sup 2}, which are comparable to those for radio-frequency-sputtered MgO barriers. The submicron MTJs had highly variable MR and R{sub p}A values due to a high pinhole density (20 {mu}m{sup -2}) in the barriers, whereas current-in-plane-tunneling (CIPT) measurements on the same MTJ films revealed highly reproducible MR and R{sub p}A values. This indicates that reproducible CIPT measurements do not necessarily give accurate results of MR and R{sub p}A at high pinhole densities.

Seki, Takayuki; Kubota, Hitoshi; Fukushima, Akio; Yakushiji, Kay; Yuasa, Shinji; Ando, Koji [National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science Technology (AIST), Spintronics Research Center, Central 2, Umezono 1-1-1, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8568 (Japan); Maehara, Hiroki; Yamagata, Shinji; Okuyama, Hiroki; Tsunekawa, Koji [Department of Spin Technology Development, Process Development Center, Canon ANELVA Corporation, Kurigi 2-5-1, Asao, Kawasaki, Kanagawa 215-8550 (Japan)

2010-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

35

Thin film deposition by electric and magnetic crossed-field diode sputtering  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Applying a thin film coating to the surface of a workpiece, in particular, applying a coating of titanium nitride to a klystron window by means of a crossed-field diode sputtering array. The array is comprised of a cohesive group of numerous small hollow electrically conducting cylinders and is mounted so that the open ends of the cylinders on one side of the group are adjacent a titanium cathode plate. The workpiece is mounted so as to face the open ends of the other side of the group. A magnetic field is applied to the array so as to be coaxial with the cylinders and a potential is applied across the cylinders and the cathode plate, the cylinders as an anode being positive with respect to the cathode plate. The cylinders, the cathode plate and the workpiece are situated in an atmosphere of nitrogen which becomes ionized such as by field emission because of the electric field between the cylinders and cathode plate, thereby establishing an anode-cathode discharge that results in sputtering of the titanium plate. The sputtered titanium coats the workpiece and chemically combines with the nitrogen to form a titanium nitride coating on the workpiece. Gas pressure, gas mixtures, cathode material composition, voltages applied to the cathode and anode, the magnetic field, cathode, anode and workpiece spacing, and the aspect ratio (ratio of length to inner diameter) of the anode cylinders, all may be controlled to provide consistent optimum thin film coatings of various compositions and thicknesses. Another facet of the disclosure is the coating of microwave components per se with titanium nitride to reduce multipactoring under operating conditions of the components.

Welch, Kimo M. (Mountain View, CA)

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Thin film deposition by electric and magnetic crossed-field diode sputtering  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Applying a thin film coating to the surface of a workpiece, in particular, applying a coating of titanium nitride to a klystron window by means of a crossed-field diode sputtering array. The array is comprised of a cohesive group of numerous small hollow electrically conducting cylinders and is mounted so that the open ends of the cylinders on one side of the group are adjacent a titanium cathode plate. The workpiece is mounted so as to face the open ends of the other side of the group. A magnetic field is applied to the array so as to be coaxial with the cylinders and a potential is applied across the cylinders and the cathode plate, the cylinders as an anode being positive with respect to the cathode plate. The cylinders, the cathode plate and the workpiece are situated in an atmosphere of nitrogen which becomes ionized such as by field emission because of the electric field between the cylinders and cathode plate, thereby establishing an anode-cathode discharge that results in sputtering of the titanium plate. The sputtered titanium coats the workpiece and chemically combines with the nitrogen to form a titanium nitride coating on the workpiece. Gas pressure, gas mixtures, cathode material composition, voltages applied to the cathode and anode, the magnetic field, cathode, anode and workpiece spacing, and the aspect ratio (ratio of length to inner diameter) of the anode cylinders, all may be controlled to provide consistent optimum thin film coatings of various compositions and thicknesses. Another facet of the disclosure is the coating of microwave components per se with titanium nitride to reduce multipactoring under operating conditions of the components.

Welch, Kimo M. (Mountain View, CA)

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Thin-film alternating current nanocalorimeter for low temperatures and high magnetic fields  

SciTech Connect

Thin-film nanocalorimeter for low temperatures and high magnetic fields is described. The calorimeter is based on a commercial microchip module (thermal conductivity vacuum gauge TCG 3880 from Xensor Integration, NL). The gauge consists of submicron silicon nitride membrane with a film-thermopile and a resistive film-heater with dimensions of 50x100 {mu}m{sup 2} located at the center of the membrane. The gauge is mounted in a thermostat filled with helium exchange gas. The method of alternating current (ac) calorimetry is applied for heat capacity measurements. The noise-floor sensitivity of the calorimeter is better than 1 nJ/K below 100 K and about 3 nJ/K at 300 K. This allows for reliable measurements to be performed on sub-microgram samples. It is proved that the method is applicable for heat capacity measurements at temperatures in the range of 5-300 K and in high magnetic fields up to 8 T. We present a theoretical analysis of the thermal processes in the gauge-sample-surrounding gas system. On this basis a calibration method has been developed. We demonstrate that the technique yields correct heat capacity for test samples and that in special cases the thermal conductivity and the magnetostriction of the sample can be measured simultaneously with the heat capacity.

Minakov, A.A.; Roy, S.B.; Bugoslavsky, Y.V.; Cohen, L.F. [Blackett Laboratory, Imperial College London, Prince Consort Road, London SW7 2BZ (United Kingdom)

2005-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Magnetic order and interfacial coupling in oxide thin films and heterostructures probed with soft x-ray dichroism  

SciTech Connect

The combination of novel magnetic properties induced by reduced dimensionality and strong magnetic interactions across interfaces leads to intriguing new properties in magnetic hetero- and nanostructures not observed in the constituent materials in bulk form. It is the careful optimization of the characteristics of the individual layers as well as the magnetic coupling across the interface that allows us to control the magnetic properties and tailor them for devices, e.g., in information storage and processing technology. Soft x-ray magnetic spectroscopies can make unique contributions to improving our understanding of complex magnetic nanostructures since these techniques provide elemental, valence- and site-symmetry specific information with high sensitivity and tunable probing depth. X-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD) is sensitive to (unidirectional) ferromagnetic order, while x-ray magnetic linear dichroism (XMLD) can also detect (uniaxial) antiferromagnetic order. A crystalline electric field with cubic symmetry induces only a weak angular dependence in XMCD spectra [1] but can cause a very pronounced anisotropy in XMLD spectra [2]. Furthermore, non-magnetic sites with a distorted local cubic symmetry can give rise to an x-ray linear dichroism (XLD). In this presentation, we discuss how to distinguish between the individual contributions to soft x-ray dichroism spectra in order to extract the wealth of information about magnetic thin films, interfaces and hetero- and nanostructures contained in the data [3, 4, 5] We determined the magnetic structure of La{sub 0.7}Sr{sub 0.3}MnO{sub 3} (LSMO)/La{sub 0.7}Sr{sub 0.3}FeO{sub 3} (LSFO) superlattices with 6 unit cell thick sublayers using soft x-ray magnetic dichroism [5]. Circular dichroism was employed to study the characteristics of the ferromagnetic LSMO layer indicating a reduced magnetic ordering temperature of 200 K compared to the bulk value of 360 K. Linear dichroism is used to analyze the antiferromagnetic order in the LSFO layers which persists up to the bulk Neel temperature near 400 K. Our experiments clearly show that when the magnetization of the LSMO layer is aligned with a magnetic field, a torque is created on the Fe moments in the LSFO layer through exchange coupling at the interface realigning the Fe moments as well. Through comparison with theoretical calculations we are able to show that independent of the LSMO magnetization direction in the sample surface plane, the Fe moments are always oriented perpendicular to the Mn moments. This perpendicular alignment is due to the frustrated exchange coupling at the interface and the weak anisotropy in the thin LSFO layer. Revisiting previous XMLD studies of the Co/NiO(001) interface taking the impact of the crystal electric field on the XMLD into account for the first time, we show that NiO(001) exhibits a crystallographic and magnetic domain structure near the surface that is identical to that of the bulk. Upon Co deposition perpendicular coupling of Co and Ni moments is observed [2, 3] that persists even in the presence of uncompensated interface moments. We also measured the asphericity and the energy splitting of the 4f states in EuO thin films [4] - a material with fascinating properties and of technological importance for spintronics applications - using XMLD. Our measurements, which are confirmed by multiplet calculations, show that there is significant 4f anisotropy. This suggests that pinning of the f states by the local environment becomes feasible and can be tuned by external conditions, chemical doping, and strain for use in device applications. Moreover, we will discuss the impact of epitaxial strain on the magnetic properties and XMLD spectra of complex oxide thin films.

Arenholz, Elke; van der Laan, G.

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Thin film deposition by electric and magnetic crossed-field diode sputtering. [Patent application  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Applying a coating of titanium nitride to a klystron window by means of a cross-field diode sputtering array is described. The array is comprised of a cohesive group of numerous small hollow electrically conducting cylinders and is mounted so that the open ends of the cylinders on one side of the group are adjacent to a titanium cathode plate. The workpiece is mounted so as to face the open ends of the other side of the group. A magnetic field is applied to the array so as to be coaxial with the cylinders and a potential is applied across the cylinders and the cathode plate, the cylinders as an anode being positive with respect to the cathode plate. The cylinders, the cathode plate, and the workpiece are situated in an atmosphere of nitrogen which becomes ionized such as by field emission because of the electric field between the cylinders and cathode plate, thereby establishing an anode-cathode discharge that results in sputtering of the titanium plate. The sputtered titanium coats the workpiece and chemically combines with the nitrogen to form a titanium nitride coating on the workpiece. Gas pressure, gas mixtures, cathode material composition, voltages applied to the cathode and anode, the magnetic field, cathode, anode and workpiece spacing, and the aspect ratio (ratio of length to inner diameter) of the anode cylinders, all may be controlled to provide consistent optimum thin film coatings of various compositions and thickness. Another facet of the disclosure is the coating of microwave components per se with titanium nitride to reduce multifactoring under operating conditions of the components.

Welch, K.M.

1975-04-04T23:59:59.000Z

40

Magnetocrystalline Anisotropy of Magnetic Grains in Co80Pt20:Oxide Thin Films Probed by X-ray Magnetic Circular Dichroism  

SciTech Connect

Using angle-dependent x-ray magnetic circular dichroism, we have measured magnetic hysteresis loops at the Co L2,3 edges of oxide-doped Co80Pt20 thin films. The magnetocrystalline anisotropy energy (MAE) of the Co atoms, which is the main source of the magnetocrystalline anisotropy of the CoPt magnetic grains, has been determined directly from these element-specific hysteresis loops. When the oxide volume fraction (OVF) is increased from 16.6% to 20.7%, the Co MAE has been found to decrease from 0.117 meV/atom to 0.076 meV/atom. While a larger OVF helps one to achieve a smaller grain size, it reduces the magnetocrystalline anisotropy, as demonstrated unambiguously from the direct Co MAE measurements. Our results suggest that those Co80Pt20:oxide films with an OVF between 19.1% and 20.7% are suitable candidates for high-density magnetic recording.

Zhang, W.; Morton, S. A.; Wong, P. K. J.; Arenholz, E.; Lu, B.; Cheng, T. Y.; Xu, Y. B.; Laan, G. van der; Hu, X.F

2011-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "micrometer-sized magnetic thin" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Magnetic Anisotropy of L10-CoPt Thin Ffilm on Piezoelectric Substrate  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This result suggests that the magnetic memory devices with piezoelectric substrate can be a highly efficient ... Design and Discovery of Novel Energy Materials.

42

Normal-state transport in electron-doped La2-xCexCuO4 thin films in magnetic fields up to 40 Tesla  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Normal-state transport in electron-doped La2-xCexCuO4 thin films in magnetic fields up to 40 Tesla.17 are studied in magnetic fields up to 40 Tesla. For the whole doping region investigated, the negative, the upper critical mag- netic field Bc2 order of 100 Tesla 8 is too high to be achieved. The n-type HTSCs

Moshchalkov, Victor V.

43

Conductive Polymer/Fullerene Blend Thin Films with Honeycomb Framework  

This composite conductive polymer/fullerene blend material can be fabricated to exhibit regular, micrometer-sized pores. The pores allow the material ...

44

Process For Direct Integration Of A Thin-Film Silicon P-N Junction Diode With A Magnetic Tunnel Junction  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A process for direct integration of a thin-film silicon p-n junction diode with a magnetic tunnel junction for use in advanced magnetic random access memory (MRAM) cells for high performance, non-volatile memory arrays. The process is based on pulsed laser processing for the fabrication of vertical polycrystalline silicon electronic device structures, in particular p-n junction diodes, on films of metals deposited onto low temperature-substrates such as ceramics, dielectrics, glass, or polymers. The process preserves underlayers and structures onto which the devices are typically deposited, such as silicon integrated circuits. The process involves the low temperature deposition of at least one layer of silicon, either in an amorphous or a polycrystalline phase on a metal layer. Dopants may be introduced in the silicon film during or after deposition. The film is then irradiated with short pulse laser energy that is efficiently absorbed in the silicon, which results in the crystallization of the film and simultaneously in the activation of the dopants via ultrafast melting and solidification. The silicon film can be patterned either before or after crystallization.

Toet, Daniel (Mountain View, CA); Sigmon, Thomas W. (Albuquerque, NM)

2005-08-23T23:59:59.000Z

45

Process for direct integration of a thin-film silicon p-n junction diode with a magnetic tunnel junction  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A process for direct integration of a thin-film silicon p-n junction diode with a magnetic tunnel junction for use in advanced magnetic random access memory (MRAM) cells for high performance, non-volatile memory arrays. The process is based on pulsed laser processing for the fabrication of vertical polycrystalline silicon electronic device structures, in particular p-n junction diodes, on films of metals deposited onto low temperature-substrates such as ceramics, dielectrics, glass, or polymers. The process preserves underlayers and structures onto which the devices are typically deposited, such as silicon integrated circuits. The process involves the low temperature deposition of at least one layer of silicon, either in an amorphous or a polycrystalline phase on a metal layer. Dopants may be introduced in the silicon film during or after deposition. The film is then irradiated with short pulse laser energy that is efficiently absorbed in the silicon, which results in the crystallization of the film and simultaneously in the activation of the dopants via ultrafast melting and solidification. The silicon film can be patterned either before or after crystallization.

Toet, Daniel (Mountain View, CA); Sigmon, Thomas W. (Albuquerque, NM)

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Spin hall effect in paramagnetic thin films  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Spintronics, an abbreviation of spin based electronics and also known as magneto electronics, has attracted a lot of interest in recent years. It aims to explore the role of electrons spins in building next generation electric devices. Using electrons spins rather than electrons charges may allow faster, lower energy cost devices. Spin Hall Effect is an important subfield of spintronics. It studies spin current, spin transport, and spin accumulation in paramagnetic systems. It can further understanding of quantum physics, device physics, and may also provide insights for spin injection, spin detection and spin manipulation in the design of the next generation spintronics devices. In this experimental work, two sets of experiments were prepared to detect the Spin Hall Effect in metallic systems. The first set of experiments aims to extract Spin Hall Effect from Double Hall Effect in micrometer size metal thin film patterns. Our experiments proved that the Spin Hall Effect signal was much smaller than the theoretically calculated value due to higher electrical resistivity in evaporated thin films. The second set of experiments employs a multi-step process. It combines micro fabrication and electrochemical method to fabricate a perpendicular ferromagnet rod as a spin injector. Process description and various techniques to improve the measurement sensitivity are presented. Measurement results in aluminum, gold and copper are presented in Chapters III, IV and V. Some new experiments are suggested in Chapters V and VI.

Xu, Huachun

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

THINNING OF THE SUN'S MAGNETIC LAYER: THE PECULIAR SOLAR MINIMUM COULD HAVE BEEN PREDICTED  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The solar magnetic activity cycle causes changes in the Sun on timescales that are equivalent to human lifetimes. The minimum solar activity that preceded the current solar cycle (cycle 24) was deeper and quieter than any other recent minimum. Using data from the Birmingham Solar Oscillations Network (BiSON), we show that the structure of the solar sub-surface layers during the descending phase of the preceding cycle (cycle 23) was very different from that during cycle 22. This leads us to believe that a detailed examination of the data would have led to the prediction that the cycle 24 minimum would be out of the ordinary. The behavior of the oscillation frequencies allows us to infer that changes in the Sun that affected the oscillation frequencies in cycle 23 were localized mainly to layers above about 0.996 R{sub Sun }, depths shallower than about 3000 km. In cycle 22, on the other hand, the changes must have also occurred in the deeper-lying layers.

Basu, Sarbani [Department of Astronomy, Yale University, P.O. Box 208101, New Haven, CT 06520-8101 (United States); Broomhall, Anne-Marie; Chaplin, William J.; Elsworth, Yvonne, E-mail: sarbani.basu@yale.edu [School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham, B15 2TT (United Kingdom)

2012-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

48

Electronic, Magnetic & Photonic Materials Division  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Committee Energy Conversion and Storage Committee Magnetic Materials Committee Nanomaterials Committee Thin Films and Interfaces Committee.

49

LARGE SUPERCONDUCTING DETECTOR MAGNETS WITH ULTRA THIN COILS FOR USE IN HIGH ENERGY ACCELERATORS AND STORAGE RINGS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

contained 890 kJ of magnetic energy,:and i t iia:~ ,operat:as a functiori of stored magnetic energy' for a number ofabsorbs a portion of the magnetic energy in the process. The

Green, M.A.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Passive micromechanical tags. An investigation into writing information at nanometer resolution on micrometer size objects  

SciTech Connect

The authors have completed a 3-year study of the technology related to the development of micron-sized passive micromechanical tags. The project was motivated by the discovery in 1990 by the present authors that low energy, high charge state ions (e.g., Xe{sup +44}) can produce nanometer-size damage sites on solid surfaces, and the realization that a pattern of these sites represents information. It was envisioned that extremely small, chemically inert, mechanical tags carrying a large label could be fabricated for a variety of applications, including tracking of controlled substances, document verification, process control, research, and engineering. Potential applications exist in the data storage, chemical, food, security, and other industries. The goals of this project were fully accomplished, and they are fully documented here. The work was both experimental and developmental. Most of the experimental effort was a search for appropriate tag materials. Several good materials were found, and the upper limits of information density were determined (ca. 10{sup 12} bit/cm{sup 2}). Most of the developmental work involved inventing systems and strategies for using these tags, and compiling available technologies for implementing them. The technology provided herein is application-specific: first, the application must be specified, then the tag can be developed for it. The project was not intended to develop a single tag for a single application or for all possible applications. Rather, it was meant to provide the enabling technology for fabricating tags for a range of applications. The results of this project provide sufficient information to proceed directly with such development.

Schmieder, R.W.; Bastasz, R.J.

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Lifetime of micrometer-sized drops of oil pressed by buoyancy against a planar interface  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Emulsion Stability Simulations (ESS) are used to estimate the coalescence time of one drop of hexadecane pressed by buoyancy against a planar water/hexadecane interface. In the present simulations the homophase is represented by a big drop of oil at least 500 times larger than the approaching drop ($1\\,\\mu$m to $10\\,\\mu$m). Both deformable and non-deformable drops are considered along with six different diffusion tensors. In each case van der Waals, electrostatic, steric and buoyancy forces are taken into account. The coalescence times are estimated as the average of 1000 random walks. It is found that the repulsive potential barrier has a significant influence in the results. The experimental data can only be reproduced assuming negligible repulsive barriers, as well as non-deformable drops that move with a combination of Stokes and Taylor tensors as they approach the interface.

Clara Rojas; German Urbina-Villalba; Maximo Garcia-Sucre

2010-01-13T23:59:59.000Z

52

Li Diffusion and High-Voltage Cycling Behavior of Thin-Film LiCoO2 Cathodes  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Mass transport and thermodynamic properties of Li{sub x}CoO{sub 2} were studied by the potentiostatic intermittent titration technique (PITT) using solid-state thin-film batteries that provide a well-defined diffusion geometry. Both the chemical diffusion coefficient and the thermodynamic factor have minima at the phase boundaries of the Li/vacancy ordered phase ''Li{sub 0.5}CoO{sub 2}''. The self-diffusion coefficient of Li has a minimum at x = 0.5 associated with the Li/vacancy ordering. As the degree of ordering increases, the nonmonotonic variations become more pronounced when approaching x = 0.5 in Li{sub x}CoO{sub 2}. We also show that thin-film LiCoO{sub 2} cathodes having grains of sub-micrometer size combined with the Li upon electrolyte exhibit excellent capacity retention when charged up to 4.5 V.

Jang, Y.-I.

2001-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

53

LARGE SUPERCONDUCTING DETECTOR MAGNETS WITH ULTRA THIN COILS FOR USE IN HIGH ENERGY ACCELERATORS AND STORAGE RINGS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The development of these ,magnets bas proceeded with theThe Lawrence Beme1ey Laboratory bas developed a 1:adtca11. "The PLUTO magnet bas the largest central inductiOn 'and

Green, M.A.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Thin Films and Interfaces Committee  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Thin Films and Interfaces Committee is part of the Electronic, Magnetic, and Photonic Materials Division;. Our Mission: Promotes knowledge of the science...

55

Detection of a thin sheet magnetic anomaly by squid-gradiometer systems: possibility of hydrofracture azimuth determination  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A study of the signal physics of magnetic anomaly detection was carried out by superconducting gradiometer and magnetometer loop systems with SQUID sensors for possible application to the LASL geothermal energy program. In particular, the crack produced by hydrofracture of a deep HDR geothermal borehole would be filled with a magnetic material such as ferrofluid. When polarized by the earth's field, this material would produce a localized crack magnetic anomaly which is characteristic of the azimuth of the vertical crack with respect to magnetic north. Signatures of the anomaly would be determined by taking rotation data before and after filling the crack with magnetic material. A mathematical description was found for these signatures. To test the theory and the feasibility of the idea, the deep borehole vertical cracks were simulated by using panels to define sheets 1.5 mm thick, 1.2 m wide, and 2.5 m high. When filled with ferrofluid of suitable magnetic permeability, the local anomaly develops. Signatures were measured with a horizontal axial gradiometer rotated about a vertical axis. Good agreement was found between theory and experiment for aximuths in the east and west quadrants but only fair agreement in the north and south quadrants.

Overton, W.C. Jr.

1978-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

NMR characterization of thin films  

SciTech Connect

A method, apparatus, and system for characterizing thin film materials. The method, apparatus, and system includes a container for receiving a starting material, applying a gravitational force, a magnetic force, and an electric force or combinations thereof to at least the starting material, forming a thin film material, sensing an NMR signal from the thin film material and analyzing the NMR signal to characterize the thin film of material.

Gerald, II, Rex E. (Brookfield, IL); Klingler, Robert J. (Glenview, IL); Rathke, Jerome W. (Homer Glen, IL); Diaz, Rocio (Chicago, IL); Vukovic, Lela (Westchester, IL)

2008-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

57

Absence of Magnetic-Field-Induced Effects in the Mid-infrared Transmission of La2?xSrxCuO4 Thin Films  

SciTech Connect

We report magnetotransmission measurements on a series of La{sub 2-x}Sr{sub x}CuO{sub 4} thin films. The measurements were performed in magnetic fields of 18 T, on films with doping levels of x = 0, 0.01, 0.03, 0.045, 0.06, 0.08, and 0.10. In addition, an optimally doped film (x = 0.16) was studied in magnetic fields up to 33 T, both above and below its superconducting critical temperature T{sub c} = 41 K. A combination of Gaussian and wavelet filtering was employed to improve the signal-to-noise ratio of the data. However, even after this procedure, we could not detect any field-induced changes of transmission in any of the studied samples. Our results therefore rule out a direct relation between intensity changes in mid-infrared charge excitations and a bosonic mode in the far infrared. We discuss these observations in the context of existing proposals regarding the nature of medium energy range excitations in the cuprates.

Dordevic, S.V.; Gozar, A.; Kohlman, L.W.; Tung, L.C.; Wang, Y.-J.; Logvenov, G.; Bozovic, I.

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

Control of magnetic properties of MnBi and MnBiCu thin films by Kr{sup +} ion irradiation  

SciTech Connect

Mn{sub 52}Bi{sub 48} (15 nm) and Mn{sub 54}Bi{sub 24}Cu{sub 21} (15 nm) thin films were prepared by the magnetron sputtering and vacuum annealing at 350 deg. C, and the variations of their structures and magnetic properties with 30 keV Kr{sup +} ion irradiation were studied. The MnBi and MnBiCu films exhibited saturation magnetizations M{sub s} of 180 emu/cc and 210 emu/cc, the coercivities H{sub c} of 10 kOe and 3.4 kOe, respectively. The M{sub s} and H{sub c} of the MnBi abruptly vanished by the irradiation of ion dose at 3 x 10{sup 14} ions/cm{sup 2}, while those of the MnBiCu film gradually decreased with increasing the ion dose and became zero at 5 x 10{sup 13} ions/cm{sup 2}. The different trend on the ion irradiation between MnBi and MnBiCu films is understood by the surface structure of the film, i.e., the MnBi has convex islands on its surface, which protect the underneath NiAs-type MnBi from the irradiation, while the MnBiCu has rather flat surface, and its crystal structure was uniformly modified by the irradiation. From the surface flatness and the uniformity of the MnBiCu film, as well as the low annealing temperature of 350 deg. C, it was concluded that the MnBiCu film is one of the attractive materials for high-density ion irradiation bit patterned media.

Xu Qianqian; Kanbara, Ryutarou; Kato, Takeshi; Iwata, Satoshi [Department of Quantum Engineering, Nagoya University Furo-cho, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya, 464-8603 (Japan); Tsunashima, Shigeru [Department of Research, Nagoya Industrial Science Research Institute, 1-13 Yotsuya-dori, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya 460-0819 (Japan)

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

magnets  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

I I Painless Physics Articles BEAM COOLING August 2, 1996 By Leila Belkora, Office of Public Affairs ACCELERATION August 16, 1996 By Dave Finley, Accelerator Division Head RF August 30, 1996 By Pat Colestock, Accelerator Division FIXED TARGET PHYSICS September 20, 1996 By Peter H. Garbincius, Physics Section FIXED TARGET PHYSICS PART DEUX October 16, 1996 By Peter H. Garbincius, Physics Section and Leila Belkora, Office of Public Affaris CROSS SECTION November 1, 1996 By Doreen Wackeroth, Theoretical Physics Edited by Leila Belkora, Office of Public Affaris MAGNETS PART I November 15, 1996 By Hank Glass, Technical Support Section Edited by Donald Sena, Office of Public Affairs MAGNETS PART II January 10, 1997 By Hank Glass, Technical Support Section Edited by Donald Sena, Office of Public Affairs

60

High-Capacity Micrometer-Sized Li2S Particles as Cathode Materials for Advanced Rechargeable Lithium-Ion Batteries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Lithium-Ion Batteries Yuan Yang, Guangyuan Zheng, Sumohan Misra,§ Johanna Nelson,§ Michael F. Toney as the cathode material for rechargeable lithium-ion batteries with high specific energy. INTRODUCTION Rechargeable lithium-ion batteries have been widely used in portable electronics and are promising

Cui, Yi

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "micrometer-sized magnetic thin" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Room temperature ferroelectric and magnetic investigations and detailed phase analysis of Aurivillius phase Bi{sub 5}Ti{sub 3}Fe{sub 0.7}Co{sub 0.3}O{sub 15} thin films  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Aurivillius phase Bi{sub 5}Ti{sub 3}Fe{sub 0.7}Co{sub 0.3}O{sub 15} (BTF7C3O) thin films on {alpha}-quartz substrates were fabricated by a chemical solution deposition method and the room temperature ferroelectric and magnetic properties of this candidate multiferroic were compared with those of thin films of Mn{sup 3+} substituted, Bi{sub 5}Ti{sub 3}Fe{sub 0.7}Mn{sub 0.3}O{sub 15} (BTF7M3O). Vertical and lateral piezoresponse force microscopy (PFM) measurements of the films conclusively demonstrate that BTF7C3O and BTF7M3O thin films are piezoelectric and ferroelectric at room temperature, with the major polarization vector in the lateral plane of the films. No net magnetization was observed for the in-plane superconducting quantum interference device (SQUID) magnetometry measurements of BTF7M3O thin films. In contrast, SQUID measurements of the BTF7C3O films clearly demonstrated ferromagnetic behavior, with a remanent magnetization, B{sub r}, of 6.37 emu/cm{sup 3} (or 804 memu/g), remanent moment = 4.99 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup -5} emu. The BTF7C3O films were scrutinized by x-ray diffraction, high resolution transmission electron microscopy, scanning transmission electron microscopy, and energy dispersive x-ray analysis mapping to assess the prospect of the observed multiferroic properties being intrinsic to the main phase. The results of extensive micro-structural phase analysis demonstrated that the BTF7C3O films comprised of a 3.95% Fe/Co-rich spinel phase, likely CoFe{sub 2-x}Ti{sub x}O{sub 4}, which would account for the observed magnetic moment in the films. Additionally, x-ray magnetic circular dichroism photoemission electron microscopy (XMCD-PEEM) imaging confirmed that the majority of magnetic response arises from the Fe sites of Fe/Co-rich spinel phase inclusions. While the magnetic contribution from the main phase could not be determined by the XMCD-PEEM images, these data however imply that the Bi{sub 5}Ti{sub 3}Fe{sub 0.7}Co{sub 0.3}O{sub 15} thin films are likely not single phase multiferroics at room temperature. The PFM results presented demonstrate that the naturally 2D nanostructured Bi{sub 5}Ti{sub 3}Fe{sub 0.7}Co{sub 0.3}O{sub 15} phase is a novel ferroelectric and has potential commercial applications in high temperature piezoelectric and ferroelectric memory technologies. The implications for the conclusive demonstration of ferroelectric and ferromagnetic properties in single-phase materials of this type are discussed.

Keeney, Lynette; Kulkarni, Santosh; Deepak, Nitin; Schmidt, Michael; Petkov, Nikolay; Zhang, Panfeng F.; Roy, Saibal; Pemble, Martyn E.; Whatmore, Roger W. [Tyndall National Institute, University College Cork, 'Lee Maltings', Dyke Parade, Cork (Ireland); Cavill, Stuart [Diamond Light Source Ltd., Harwell Science and Innovation Campus, Didcot, Oxfordshire OX11 0DE (United Kingdom)

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Nanostructured Inorganic Thin Film Enabled Fiber Optic Sensors for ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Thin Film Enabled Fiber Optic Sensors for Gas Sensing in Energy and Environmental Systems ... Co-Doped TiO2 Nanoparticles and Thin Films for Enhanced Solar Energy Utilization ... Synthesis of Magnetic Core-TS-1 Zeolite Shell Catalyst.

63

Fabrication and application of patterned magnetic media  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In order to overcome the superparamagnetism in thin film magnetic recording media, a novel magnetic medium, called patterned medium, is studied here as a potential candidate for the future hard disk storage application. ...

Yao, Guhua

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Evolution of twisted magnetic fields  

SciTech Connect

The magnetic field of the solar corona evolves quasistatically in response to slowly changing photospheric boundary conditions. The magnetic topology is preserved by the low resistivity of the solar atmosphere. We show that a magnetic flux coordinate system simplifies the problem of calculating field evolution with invariant topology. As an example, we calculate the equilibrium of a thin magnetic flux tube with small twist per unit length.

Zweibel, E.G.; Boozer, A.H.

1985-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

Thin-Film Fiber Optic Sensors for Power Control and Fault Detection. Final Report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Described is the development of an optical current measurement device, an active power conditioning system, and sol gel type thin films for the detection of magnetic fields.

Duncan, Paul Grems

2003-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

66

Experimental and Numerical Investigation of Thermocapillary Effects in Thin Liquid Layers.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Thin liquid layers have been proposed for heat extraction and protection of the solid surfaces of divertors in magnetic fusion reactors. A number of conceptual (more)

Koehler, Timothy P.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

CARS of Thin Films  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... as a thin film diagnostic. Surface enhanced Raman scattering, SERS, has been used to probe the interfacial region of thin polymer films on metal ...

2012-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

68

Quantitative imaging of stray fields and magnetization distributions in hard magnetic element arrays  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Quantitative imaging of stray fields and magnetization distributions in hard magnetic element with inverse magnetostatic methods. The method is applied to hard magnetic FePt and PrCo5 films which exhibit of thin hard magnetic elements. We show that by application of the MOIF technique and inverse

Johansen, Tom Henning

69

Magnetic Thin Films and Devices 2001  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Advances in technology are dependent on the discovery and characterization of new effects such as giant magnetoresistance and spin-dependent ...

2010-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

70

Magnetic Thin Films and Devices 2002  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Advances in technology are dependent on the discovery and characterization of new effects such as giant magnetoresistance and spin-dependent ...

2010-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

71

Solar Control Thin Films Laboratory  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Sputtering equipment Solar Control Thin Films Laboratory The Solar Control Thin Films lab develops novel thin film coatings, deposition technologies, and device systems for...

72

Horizontal electromagnetic casting of thin metal sheets  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Thin metal sheets are cast by magnetically suspending molten metal deposited within a ferromagnetic yoke and between AC conducting coils and linearly displacing the magnetically levitated liquid metal while it is being cooled to form a solid metal sheet. Magnetic flux increases as the molten metal sheet moves downward and decreases as the molten metal sheet moves upward to stabilize the sheet and maintain it in equilibrium as it is linearly displaced and solidified by cooling gases. A conducting shield is electrically coupled to the molten metal sheet by means of either metal sheet engaging rollers or brushes on the solidified metal, and by means of an electrode in the vessel containing the molten metal thereby providing a return path for the eddy currents induced in the metal sheet by the AC coil generated magnetic flux. Variation in the geometry of the conducting shield allows the magnetic flux between the metal sheet and the conducting shield to be varied and the thickness in surface quality of the metal sheet to be controlled. Side guards provide lateral containment for the molten metal sheet and stabilize and shape the magnetic field while a leader sheet having electromagnetic characteristics similar to those of the metal sheet is used to start the casting process and precedes the molten metal sheet through the magnet and forms a continuous sheet therewith. The magnet may be either U-shaped with a single racetrack coil or may be rectangular with a pair of facing bedstead coils.

Hull, John R. (Hinsdale, IL); Lari, Robert J. (Aurora, IL); Praeg, Walter F. (Palos Park, IL); Turner, Larry R. (Naperville, IL)

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Horizontal electromagnetic casting of thin metal sheets  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Thin metal sheets are cast by magnetically suspending molten metal deposited within a ferromagnetic yoke and between AC conducting coils and linearly displacing the magnetically levitated liquid metal while it is being cooled to form a solid metal sheet. Magnetic flux increases as the molten metal sheet moves downward and decreases as the molten metal sheet moves upward to stabilize the sheet and maintain it in equilibrium as it is linearly displaced and solidified by cooling gases. A conducting shield is electrically coupled to the molten metal sheet by means of either metal sheet engaging rollers or brushes on the solidified metal, and by means of an electrode in the vessel containing the molten metal thereby providing a return path for the eddy currents induced in the metal sheet by the AC coil generated magnetic flux. Variation in the geometry of the conducting shield allows the magnetic flux between the metal sheet and the conducting shield to be varied and the thickness in surface quality of the metal sheet to be controlled. Side guards provide lateral containment for the molten metal sheet and stabilize and shape the magnetic field while a leader sheet having electromagnetic characteristics similar to those of the metal sheet is used to start the casting process and precedes the molten metal sheet through the magnet and forms a continuous sheet therewith. The magnet may be either U-shaped with a single racetrack coil or may be rectangular with a pair of facing bedstead coils.

Hull, John R. (Hinsdale, IL); Lari, Robert J. (Aurora, IL); Praeg, Walter F. (Palos Park, IL); Turner, Larry R. (Naperville, IL)

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

ThinFilms  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Thin Films Thin Films Manufacturing Technologies The Thin Film laboratory provides a variety of vapor deposition processes and facilities for cooperative research and development. Available capabilities include electron beam evaporation, sputter deposition, reactive deposi- tion processes, atomic layer deposition (ALD) and specialized techniques such as focused ion beam induced chemical vapor deposition. Equipment can be reconfigured for prototyping, or it can be dedicated to long-term research, development and manufacturing. Most sputter and evaporative deposition systems are capable of depositing multiple materials. Deposition capabilities and expertise * Deposition of a large variety of thin film mate- rials * Multiple sputter deposition systems - Capable of depositing four materials in a

75

Superhydrophobic Thin Film Coatings  

Exploiting its expertise with thin films and superhydrophobic materials, ORNL has developed a simple, inexpensive way to apply and reliably bond ...

76

Thin Films at Interfaces  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... internal structure of these films was probed ... provided important information on film composition and ... The PEO polymers form thin adsorbed layers ...

77

Dynamic high pressure process for fabricating superconducting and permanent magnetic materials  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Shock waves directed on thin layers of materials is used to form superconducting and permanent magnetic materials with improved microstructures. 9 figs.

Nellis, W.J.; Maple, M.B.; Geballe, T.H.

1986-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

78

Mesoscopic Magnetic/Semiconductor Heterostructures  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We report the experimental results of Fe and Fe3O4 nanostructures on GaAs(100) surfaces and hybrid Ferromagnetic/Semiconductor/Ferromagnetic (FM/SC/FM) spintronic devices. Element specific x-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD) ... Keywords: Epitaxial ferromagnetic thin film, ferromagnetic/semiconductor hybrid structures, spintronics

Yong Bing Xu; E. Ahmad; Yong Xiong Lu; J. S. Claydon; Ya Zhai; G. van der Laan

2006-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Electrochemical thinning of silicon  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Porous semiconducting material, e.g. silicon, is formed by electrochemical treatment of a specimen in hydrofluoric acid, using the specimen as anode. Before the treatment, the specimen can be masked. The porous material is then etched with a caustic solution or is oxidized, depending of the kind of structure desired, e.g. a thinned specimen, a specimen, a patterned thinned specimen, a specimen with insulated electrical conduits, and so on. Thinned silicon specimen can be subjected to tests, such as measurement of interstitial oxygen by Fourier transform infra-red spectroscopy (FTIR). 14 figures.

Medernach, J.W.

1994-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

80

Thin film hydrogen sensor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A thin film hydrogen sensor, includes: a substantially flat ceramic substrate with first and second planar sides and a first substrate end opposite a second substrate end; a thin film temperature responsive resistor on the first planar side of the substrate proximate to the first substrate end; a thin film hydrogen responsive metal resistor on the first planar side of the substrate proximate to the fist substrate end and proximate to the temperature responsive resistor; and a heater on the second planar side of the substrate proximate to the first end.

Cheng, Yang-Tse (Rochester Hills, MI); Poli, Andrea A. (Livonia, MI); Meltser, Mark Alexander (Pittsford, NY)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "micrometer-sized magnetic thin" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Long Thin Networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In view of the unpredictable and problematic nature of long thin networks (for example, wireless WANs), arriving at an optimized transport is a daunting task. We have reviewed the existing proposals along with future research items. Based on this overview, ...

G. Montenegro; S. Dawkins; M. Kojo; V. Magret; N. Vaidya

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Thin film tritium dosimetry  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention provides a method for tritium dosimetry. A dosimeter comprising a thin film of a material having relatively sensitive RITAC-RITAP dosimetry properties is exposed to radiation from tritium, and after the dosimeter has been removed from the source of the radiation, the low energy electron dose deposited in the thin film is determined by radiation-induced, thermally-activated polarization dosimetry techniques.

Moran, Paul R. (Madison, WI)

1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Active superconducting devices formed of thin films  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Active superconducting devices are formed of thin films of superconductor which include a main conduction channel which has an active weak link region. The weak link region is composed of an array of links of thin film superconductor spaced from one another by voids and selected in size and thickness such that magnetic flux can propagate across the weak link region when it is superconducting. Magnetic flux applied to the weak link region will propagate across the array of links causing localized loss of superconductivity in the links and changing the effective resistance across the links. The magnetic flux can be applied from a control line formed of a superconducting film deposited coplanar with the main conduction channel and weak link region on a substrate. The devices can be formed of any type to superconductor but are particularly well suited to the high temperature superconductors since the devices can be entirely formed from coplanar films with no overlying regions. The devices can be utilized for a variety of electrical components, including switching circuits, amplifiers, oscillators and modulators, and are well suited to microwave frequency applications.

Martens, Jon S. (Madison, WI); Beyer, James B. (Madison, WI); Nordman, James E. (Madison, WI); Hohenwarter, Gert K. G. (Madison, WI)

1991-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

84

Disorder-Induced Microscopic Magnetic Memory  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Disorder-Induced Microscopic Magnetic Memory Print Disorder-Induced Microscopic Magnetic Memory Print The magnetic-recording industry deliberately introduces carefully controlled disorder into its materials to obtain the desired magnetic properties. But as the density of magnetic disks climbs, the size of the magnetic domains responsible for storage must decrease, posing new challenges. Beautiful theories based on random microscopic disorder have been developed over the past ten years. To directly compare these theories with precise experiments, an American-European team, led by researchers from the University of Washington, Seattle, first developed and then applied coherent x-ray speckle metrology to microscopic magnetic domains in a series of thin multilayer perpendicular magnetic materials of varying disorder. Their results, at odds with all previous theories, have set a new reference point for future theories.

85

Disorder-Induced Microscopic Magnetic Memory  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Disorder-Induced Microscopic Magnetic Memory Print Disorder-Induced Microscopic Magnetic Memory Print The magnetic-recording industry deliberately introduces carefully controlled disorder into its materials to obtain the desired magnetic properties. But as the density of magnetic disks climbs, the size of the magnetic domains responsible for storage must decrease, posing new challenges. Beautiful theories based on random microscopic disorder have been developed over the past ten years. To directly compare these theories with precise experiments, an American-European team, led by researchers from the University of Washington, Seattle, first developed and then applied coherent x-ray speckle metrology to microscopic magnetic domains in a series of thin multilayer perpendicular magnetic materials of varying disorder. Their results, at odds with all previous theories, have set a new reference point for future theories.

86

Disorder-Induced Microscopic Magnetic Memory  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Disorder-Induced Microscopic Disorder-Induced Microscopic Magnetic Memory Disorder-Induced Microscopic Magnetic Memory Print Wednesday, 26 October 2005 00:00 The magnetic-recording industry deliberately introduces carefully controlled disorder into its materials to obtain the desired magnetic properties. But as the density of magnetic disks climbs, the size of the magnetic domains responsible for storage must decrease, posing new challenges. Beautiful theories based on random microscopic disorder have been developed over the past ten years. To directly compare these theories with precise experiments, an American-European team, led by researchers from the University of Washington, Seattle, first developed and then applied coherent x-ray speckle metrology to microscopic magnetic domains in a series of thin multilayer perpendicular magnetic materials of varying disorder. Their results, at odds with all previous theories, have set a new reference point for future theories.

87

Hidden Rotational Symmetries in Magnetic Domain Patterns  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hidden Rotational Symmetries in Hidden Rotational Symmetries in Magnetic Domain Patterns Hidden Rotational Symmetries in Magnetic Domain Patterns Print Wednesday, 27 June 2012 00:00 Magnetic thin films have complicated domain patterns that may or may not repeat with each cycle through a hysteresis loop. A magnetic thin film with perpendicular anisotropy, such as that used in computer hard drives, for example, commonly exhibits labyrinthine domain patterns. These patterns are disordered over a macroscopic length scale, and intuitively we do not expect to observe any symmetry in such systems. Scientists at the ALS, the University of Oregon, and the University of California, San Diego, have recently used coherent soft x-ray scattering with angular Fourier analysis to discover that the disordered domain patterns do, in fact, exhibit rotational symmetries, which can be as small as two-fold or as large as 30-fold. Their study of magnetic symmetries gives scientists a toolbox for discovering hidden symmetries in diverse material systems.

88

Hidden Rotational Symmetries in Magnetic Domain Patterns  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hidden Rotational Symmetries in Magnetic Domain Patterns Print Hidden Rotational Symmetries in Magnetic Domain Patterns Print Magnetic thin films have complicated domain patterns that may or may not repeat with each cycle through a hysteresis loop. A magnetic thin film with perpendicular anisotropy, such as that used in computer hard drives, for example, commonly exhibits labyrinthine domain patterns. These patterns are disordered over a macroscopic length scale, and intuitively we do not expect to observe any symmetry in such systems. Scientists at the ALS, the University of Oregon, and the University of California, San Diego, have recently used coherent soft x-ray scattering with angular Fourier analysis to discover that the disordered domain patterns do, in fact, exhibit rotational symmetries, which can be as small as two-fold or as large as 30-fold. Their study of magnetic symmetries gives scientists a toolbox for discovering hidden symmetries in diverse material systems.

89

Effects of Nanoscale Structure on the Magnetism and Transport Properties of Chromium and Chromium-Aluminum Alloys  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

scattering in the electrical resistivity of Cr thin ?lms.Magnetic susceptibility and electrical resistivity of dilutedependence of the electrical resistivity and resonance

Boekelheide, Zoe Austin

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Superconducting Magnets  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

magnet technology has allowed physicists to attain higher energies in circular accelerators. One can obtain higher magnetic fields because there is no resistance in a...

91

Characterization of Thin Films by XAFS: Application to Spintronics Materials  

SciTech Connect

X-ray absorption fine structure (XAFS) has proven very valuable in characterizing thin films. This is illustrated with some examples from the area of diluted magnetic semiconductor (DMS) materials for spintronics applications. A promising route to DMS materials is doping of oxides such as TiO2 and ZnO with magnetic atoms such as Co. These can be grown as epitaxial thin films on various substrates. XAFS is especially valuable for characterizing the dopant atoms. The near edge region is sensitive to the symmetry of the bonding and valence of the dopants, and the extended XAFS can determine the details of the lattice site. XAFS is also valuable for detecting metallic nanoparticles. These can be difficult to detect by other methods, and can give a spurious magnetic signal. The power of XAFS is illustrated by examples from studies on Co doped ZnO films.

Heald, Steve M.; Kaspar, Tiffany C.; Droubay, Timothy; Chambers, Scott A.

2009-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

92

Thin-film optical initiator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A thin-film optical initiator having an inert, transparent substrate, a reactive thin film, which can be either an explosive or a pyrotechnic, and a reflective thin film. The resultant thin-film optical initiator system also comprises a fiber-optic cable connected to a low-energy laser source, an output charge, and an initiator housing. The reactive thin film, which may contain very thin embedded layers or be a co-deposit of a light-absorbing material such as carbon, absorbs the incident laser light, is volumetrically heated, and explodes against the output charge, imparting about 5 to 20 times more energy than in the incident laser pulse.

Erickson, Kenneth L. (Albuquerque, NM)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

Many-body Interactions in Magnetic Films and Nanostructures  

SciTech Connect

We describe results supported by DOE grant DE-FG02-04ER46158, which focused on magnetic interaction at surfaces, in thin films, and in metallic nanostructures. We report on three general topics: 1) The Rashba spin splitting at magnetic surfaces of rare earth metals, 2) magnetic nanowires self-assembled on stepped tungsten single crystals, and 3) magnetic interaction in graphene films doped with hydrogen atoms.

Stephen D. Kevan

2012-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

94

Simulations of ultra-fast precessional switching of AFC thin film storage media  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Micromagnetic simulations of the application of perpendicular field pulses to in-plane antiferromagnetically coupled (AFC) thin film disk media have been performed. Starting from a thermally relaxed state, application of a perpendicular field pulse to ... Keywords: Antiferromagnetically coupled media, Magnetic recording, Micromagnetic simulation, Ultrafast magnetization reversal

James J. Jin; David McA. McKirdy; Jim J. Miles; Roy W. Chantrell

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Thin film photovoltaic device  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A thin film photovoltaic solar cell which utilizes a zinc phosphide semiconductor is of the homojunction type comprising an n-type conductivity region forming an electrical junction with a p-type region, both regions consisting essentially of the same semiconductor material. The n-type region is formed by treating zinc phosphide with an extrinsic dopant such as magnesium. The semiconductor is formed on a multilayer substrate which acts as an opaque contact. Various transparent contacts may be used, including a thin metal film of the same chemical composition as the n-type dopant or conductive oxides or metal grids. 5 figs.

Catalano, A.W.; Bhushan, M.

1982-08-03T23:59:59.000Z

96

Thin film photovoltaic device  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A thin film photovoltaic solar cell which utilizes a zinc phosphide semiconductor is of the homojunction type comprising an n-type conductivity region forming an electrical junction with a p-type region, both regions consisting essentially of the same semiconductor material. The n-type region is formed by treating zinc phosphide with an extrinsic dopant such as magnesium. The semiconductor is formed on a multilayer substrate which acts as an opaque contact. Various transparent contacts may be used, including a thin metal film of the same chemical composition as the n-type dopant or conductive oxides or metal grids.

Catalano, Anthony W. (Wilmington, DE); Bhushan, Manjul (Wilmington, DE)

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

BRAZING THIN BERYLLIUM WINDOWS  

SciTech Connect

Thin, high-vacuum Be windows were vacuum brazed to Cu supports for electronic devices, using small frames of 630-705 deg C In--Cu--Ag brazing alloy. The edges of the Be windows were coated with Cu before brazing. The brazing procedure is described. (D.L.C.)

Papacosta, J.P.; Murdock, D.M.; Crews, R.W.

1962-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Thin film photovoltaic cell  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A thin film photovoltaic cell having a transparent electrical contact and an opaque electrical contact with a pair of semiconductors therebetween includes utilizing one of the electrical contacts as a substrate and wherein the inner surface thereof is modified by microroughening while being macro-planar.

Meakin, John D. (Newark, DE); Bragagnolo, Julio (Newark, DE)

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

Gas Pipelines:- long, thin, bombs?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Gas Pipelines:- long, thin, bombs? Gas pipelines attract substantial reseach to improve safety and cut costs. They operate ...

100

Thin Film Nanocomposites for Thermoelectric Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Thin Film Nanocomposites for Thermoelectric Applications ... Abstract Scope, Thin film nanocomposites comprised of refractory metals and...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "micrometer-sized magnetic thin" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Magnetically insulated transmission line oscillator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A magnetically insulated transmission line oscillator employs self-generated magnetic fields to generate microwave energy. An anode of the oscillator includes slow-wave structures which are formed of a plurality of thin conductive vanes defining cavities therebetween, and a gap is formed between the anode and a cathode of the oscillator. In response to a pulsed voltage applied to the anode and cathode, self-generated magnetic fields arfe produced in a cross-field orientation with respect to the orientation of the electric field between the anode and the cathode. The cross-field magnetic fields insulate the flow of electrons in the gap and confine the flow of electrons within the gap.

Bacon, Larry D. (Albuquerque, NM); Ballard, William P. (Albuquerque, NM); Clark, M. Collins (Albuquerque, NM); Marder, Barry M. (Albuquerque, NM)

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Magnetically insulated transmission line oscillator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A magnetically insulated transmission line oscillator employs self-generated magnetic fields to generate microwave energy. An anode of the oscillator includes slow-wave structures which are formed of a plurality of thin conductive vanes defining cavities therebetween, and a gap is formed between the anode and a cathode of the oscillator. In response to a pulsed voltage applied to the anode and cathode, self-generated magnetic fields are produced in a cross-field orientation with respect to the orientation of the electric field between the anode and the cathode. The cross-field magnetic fields insulate the flow of electrons in the gap and confine the flow of electrons within the gap. 11 figs.

Bacon, L.D.; Ballard, W.P.; Clark, M.C.; Marder, B.M.

1987-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

103

Final Technical Progress Report NANOSTRUCTURED MAGNETIC MATERIALS  

SciTech Connect

This report describes progress made during the final phase of our DOE-funded program on Nanostructured Magnetic Materials. This period was quite productive, resulting in the submission of three papers and presentation of three talks at international conferences and three seminars at research institutions. Our DOE-funded research efforts were directed toward studies of magnetism at surfaces and interfaces in high-quality, well-characterized materials prepared by Molecular Beam Epitaxy (MBE) and sputtering. We have an exceptionally well-equipped laboratory for these studies, with: Thin film preparation equipment; Characterization equipment; Equipment to study magnetic properties of surfaces and ultra-thin magnetic films and interfaces in multi-layers and superlattices.

Charles M. Falco

2012-09-13T23:59:59.000Z

104

Thin Air Breathing  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Thin Air Breathing Thin Air Breathing Name: Amy Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: Why is it hard to breathe in thin air? What health dangers do mountain climbers face at high altitudes? Replies: Among the obvious dangers of losing ones footing, the oxygen available in the air is considerable less at higher altitudes. If I recall correctly, 21% of the atmosphere at standard temperature and pressure at sea level is composed of oxygen. This is less at higher altitudes. One can lose consciousness and even die in an oxygen deficient environment with changes from oxygen content to lower than 19.5%. This can unfortunate effect can occur within minutes. Dr. Myron The air is not really thin at high altitudes. The problem is that air pressure is lower. As altitude increases, air pressure decreases. In order for your lungs to fill with air, the air pressure in your lungs has to be less than the pressure of the air outside your lungs. Air moves from areas of higher pressure to lower pressure. As your diaphragm (the muscle that separates your chest cavity from your abdominal cavity) moves downward, the size of your chest cavity increases. This decreases the pressure in your chest and air flows in. When the diaphragm is up, it puts pressure on the chest cavity and the pressure in the lungs is greater than outside the lungs. Air flows out. This is an example of Boyle's Law. The movement of the diaphragm is controlled by the brainstem. Anyway-the reason that it is harder for some people to breathe at higher altitudes is that the air pressure differences aren't as great between the inside of the lungs and outside.

105

Magnetic Storms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... magnetic reversal. As there is no predictive science of geomagnetism, we currently lack even simple forecasts. Our scientific ...

2010-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

106

Magnetic Imaging  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... data-storage and permanent magnets with increased energy products, in ... Optimization of future materials, including improved yields, requires an ...

2012-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

107

Magnetic Properties  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

...Since the discovery of high-temperature superconductors in 1986 (Ref 10), the demonstration of magnetic flux exclusion

108

Stripe Domain-Structures in a Thin Ferromagnetic Film  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a theory of the stripe domain structure in a thin ferromagnetic film with single-ion easy-axis magnetic anisotropy and long-range dipole interactions, for a wide range of temperatures and applied magnetic field. The domains exist at temperatures below the reorientational phase transition from out-of-plane to in-plane magnetization. The system of stripes can be described as a liquid crystal with a preferred domain-wall orientation. The positional order is destroyed by both thermodynamical meandering of domain walls and by the proliferation of dislocations. Spatial anisotropy generated by the fourth-order exchange energy stabilizes the stripe domain structure and pins its orientation. For any temperature below the reorientational phase transition there exists a critical perpendicular-to-plane magnetic field, which separates multidomain and monodomain states of the film. The theory explains recent experimental observations.

KASHUBA, AB; Pokrovsky, Valery L.

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

On the Rate of Spontaneous Magnetic Reconnection  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Magnetic reconnection is a topological rearrangement of the magnetic field lines, leading to the release of magnetic energy, which is thought to be associated with solar flares, coronal mass ejections and magnetospheric storms. Despite magnetic field lines are supposed to be frozen into the well-conducting plasma, the reconnection observed in nature is, typically, fast, so that the rate of convergence of the magnetic field lines is the fraction of the Alfven speed, v_A. The Sweet-Parker solution predicts reconnection rates which are negligible for the solar or astrophysical conditions, this have prompted research into collisionless reconnection. The stochasticity of magnetic field lines due to ambient turbulence leads to fast reconnection and the rate was predicted to be proportional to kinetic energy density of ambient turbulence. Also, tearing instability of the thin current sheet was proposed as a driver of resistivity-independent reconnection, which was shown to be consistent with two-dimensional simulati...

Beresnyak, Andrey

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Electronic processes in thin-film PV materials. Final report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The electronic and optical processes in an important class of thin-film PV materials, hydrogenated amorphous silicon (a-Si:H) and related alloys, have been investigated using several experimental techniques designed for thin-film geometries. The experimental techniques include various magnetic resonance and optical spectroscopies and combinations of these two spectroscopies. Two-step optical excitation processes through the manifold of silicon dangling bond states have been identifies as important at low excitation energies. Local hydrogen motion has been studied using nuclear magnetic resonance techniques and found to be much more rapid than long range diffusion as measured by secondary ion mass spectroscopy. A new metastable effect has been found in a-Si:H films alloyed with sulfur. Spin-one optically excited states have been unambiguously identified using optically detected electron spin resonance. Local hydrogen bonding in microcrystalline silicon films has been studied using NMR.

Taylor, P.C.; Chen, D.; Chen, S.L. [and others

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Epitaxial EuO thin films on GaAs  

SciTech Connect

We demonstrate the epitaxial growth of EuO on GaAs by reactive molecular beam epitaxy. Thin films are grown in an adsorption-controlled regime with the aid of an MgO diffusion barrier. Despite the large lattice mismatch, it is shown that EuO grows well on MgO(001) with excellent magnetic properties. Epitaxy on GaAs is cube-on-cube and longitudinal magneto-optic Kerr effect measurements demonstrate a large Kerr rotation of 0.57 deg., a significant remanent magnetization, and a Curie temperature of 69 K.

Swartz, A. G.; Ciraldo, J.; Wong, J. J. I.; Li Yan; Han Wei; Lin Tao; Shi, J.; Kawakami, R. K. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of California, Riverside, California 92521 (United States); Mack, S.; Awschalom, D. D. [Center for Spintronics and Quantum Computation, University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106 (United States)

2010-09-13T23:59:59.000Z

112

Effective material parameter retrieval for thin sheets: theory and application to graphene, thin silver films, and single-layer metamaterials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An important tool in the field of metamaterials is the extraction of effective material parameters from simulated or measured scattering parameters of a sample. Here we discuss a retrieval method for thin-film structures that can be approximated by a two-dimensional scattering sheet. We determine the effective sheet conductivity from the scattering parameters and we point out the importance of the magnetic sheet current to avoid an overdetermined inversion problem. Subsequently, we present two applications of the sheet retrieval method. First, we determine the effective sheet conductivity of thin silver films and we compare the resulting conductivities with the sheet conductivity of graphene. Second, we apply the method to a cut-wire metamaterial with an electric dipole resonance. The method is valid for thin-film structures such as two-dimensional metamaterials and frequency-selective surfaces and can be easily generalized for anisotropic or chiral media.

Tassin, Philippe; Koschny, Thomas; Soukoulis, Costas

2012-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

113

NMR of thin layers using a meanderline surface coil  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A miniature meanderline sensor coil which extends the capabilities of nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) to provide analysis of thin planar samples and surface layer geometries. The sensor coil allows standard NMR techniques to be used to examine thin planar (or curved) layers, extending NMRs utility to many problems of modern interest. This technique can be used to examine contact layers, non-destructively depth profile into films, or image multiple layers in a 3-dimensional sense. It lends itself to high resolution NMR techniques of magic angle spinning and thus can be used to examine the bonding and electronic structure in layered materials or to observe the chemistry associated with aging coatings. Coupling this sensor coil technology with an arrangement of small magnets will produce a penetrator probe for remote in-situ chemical analysis of groundwater or contaminant sediments. Alternatively, the sensor coil can be further miniaturized to provide sub-micron depth resolution within thin films or to orthoscopically examine living tissue. This thin-layer NMR technique using a stationary meanderline coil in a series-resonant circuit has been demonstrated and it has been determined that the flat meanderline geometry has about he same detection sensitivity as a solenoidal coil, but is specifically tailored to examine planar material layers, while avoiding signals from the bulk.

Cowgill, Donald F. (San Ramon, CA)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

Thin film hydrogen sensor  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A hydrogen sensor element comprises an essentially inert, electrically-insulating substrate having a thin-film metallization deposited thereon which forms at least two resistors on the substrate. The metallization comprises a layer of Pd or a Pd alloy for sensing hydrogen and an underlying intermediate metal layer for providing enhanced adhesion of the metallization to the substrate. An essentially inert, electrically insulating, hydrogen impermeable passivation layer covers at least one of the resistors, and at least one of the resistors is left uncovered. The difference in electrical resistances of the covered resistor and the uncovered resistor is related to hydrogen concentration in a gas to which the sensor element is exposed.

Lauf, Robert J. (Oak Ridge, TN); Hoffheins, Barbara S. (Knoxville, TN); Fleming, Pamela H. (Oak Ridge, TN)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Thin film ion conducting coating  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Durable thin film ion conducting coatings are formed on a transparent glass substrate by the controlled deposition of the mixed oxides of lithium:tantalum or lithium:niobium. The coatings provide durable ion transport sources for thin film solid state storage batteries and electrochromic energy conservation devices.

Goldner, Ronald B. (Lexington, MA); Haas, Terry (Sudbury, MA); Wong, Kwok-Keung (Watertown, MA); Seward, George (Arlington, MA)

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Thin films: Past, present, future  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report describes the characteristics of the thin film photovoltaic modules necessary for an acceptable rate of return for rural areas and underdeveloped countries. The topics of the paper include a development of goals of cost and performance for an acceptable PV system, a review of current technologies for meeting these goals, issues and opportunities in thin film technologies.

Zweibel, K.

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

Magnetic Materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Oct 27, 2009 ... Extreme magnetic fields (>2 tesla), especially when combined with temperature, are being shown to revolutionize materials processing and...

118

Vertically Aligned Nanocomposite Thin Films  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Vertically aligned nanocomposite (VAN) thin films have recently stimulated significant research interest to achieve better material functionality or multifunctionalities. In VAN thin films, both phases grow epitaxially in parallel on given substrates and form a unique nano-checkerboard structure. Multiple strains, including the vertical strain which along the vertical interface and the substrate induced strain which along the film and substrate interface, exist in VAN thin films. The competition of these strains gives a promise to tune the material lattice structure and future more the nanocomposite film physical properties. Those two phases in the VAN thin films are selected based on their growth kinetics, thermodynamic stability and epitaxial growth ability on given substrates. In the present work, we investigated unique epitaxial two-phase VAN (BiFeO3)x:(Sm2O3)1-x and (La0.7Sr0.3MnO3)x:(Mn3O4)1-x thin film systems by pulsed laser deposition. These VAN thin films exhibit a highly ordered vertical columnar structure with good epitaxial quality. The strain of the two phases can be tuned by deposition parameters, e.g. deposition frequency and film composition. Their strain tunability is found to be related directly to the systematic variation of the column widths and domain structures. Their physical properties, such as dielectric loss and ferromagnetisms can be tuned systematically by this variation. The growth morphology, microstructure and material functionalities of VAN thin films can be varied by modifying the phase ratio, substrate orientation or deposition conditions. Systematic study has been done on growing (SrTiO3)0.5:(MgO)0.5 VAN thin films on SrTiO3 and MgO substrates, respectively. The variation of column width demonstrates the substrate induced strain plays another important role in the VAN thin film growth. The VAN thin films also hold promise in achieving porous thin films with ordered nanopores by thermal treatment. We selected (BiFeO3)0.5:(Sm2O3)0.5 VAN thin films as a template and get uniformly distributed bi-layered nanopores. Controllable porosity can be achieved by adjusting the microstructure of VAN (BiFeO3):(Sm2O3) thin films and the annealing parameters. In situ heating experiments within a transmission electron microscope column provide direct observations into the phases transformation, evaporation and structure reconstruction during the annealing. Systematic study in this dissertation demonstrate that the vertically aligned nanocomposite microstructure is a brand new architecture in thin films and an exciting approach that promises tunable material functionalities as well as novel nanostructures.

Bi, Zhenxing

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Titanium nitride thin films for minimizing multipactoring  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Applying a thin film coating to the surface of a workpiece, in particular, applying a coating of titanium nitride to a klystron window by means of a crossed-field diode sputtering array. The array is comprised of a cohesive group of numerous small hollow electrically conducting cylinders and is mounted so that the open ends of the cylinders on one side of the group are adjacent a titanium cathode plate. The workpiece is mounted so as to face the open ends of the other side of the group. A magnetic field is applied to the array so as to be coaxial with the cylinders and a potential is applied across the cylinders and the cathode plate, the cylinders as an anode being positive with respect to the cathode plate. The cylinders, the cathode plate and the workpiece are situated in an atmosphere of nitrogen which becomes ionized such as by field emission because of the electric field between the cylinders and cathode plate, thereby establishing an anode-cathode discharge that results in sputtering of the titanium plate. The sputtered titanium coats the workpiece and chemically combines with the nitrogen to form a titanium nitride coating on the workpiece. Gas pressure, gas mixtures, cathode material composition, voltages applied to the cathode and anode, the magnetic field, cathode, anode and workpiece spacing, and the aspect ratio (ratio of length to inner diameter) of the anode cylinders, all may be controlled to provide consistent optimum thin film coatings of various compositions and thicknesses. Another facet of the disclosure is the coating of microwave components per se with titanium nitride to reduce multipactoring under operating conditions of the components.

Welch, Kimo M. (Mountain View, CA)

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Managing Feedwater Heater Shell Thinning  

SciTech Connect

Thinning of feedwater heater (FWH) shells has become an important issue throughout the U.S. nuclear industry. The thinning occurs primarily in the vicinity of the extraction steam and drain inlet nozzles where two-phase steam/water mixtures enter the heater. The thinning can be general wall thinning over a large area or highly localized thinning in a limited area. Eventually, shell repairs become necessary to ensure integrity of the pressure boundary and personnel safety, and to restore compliance with the ASME pressure vessel code. Ideally, long-term monitoring of the thickness of FWH shells would allow for timely repairs before the wall thickness decreases below the ASME Code minimum wall thickness. However, since most plants did not start inspecting FWH shells until recently, the initial inspection may find shells that are thinned to near or below the ASME Code minimum wall thickness. Because the cost and manpower requirements for shell repairs can be significant, it is imperative that shell repairs provide a long-term solution and that they be implemented as a planned outage evolution. Accordingly, the approach to managing FWH shell thinning must provide sufficient advance warning of the need for repairs while ensuring safe operation until the permanent repair can be implemented. The approach outlined in this paper does both. Establish acceptance criteria to ensure safe, interim operation with thinned shells until a permanent repair can be implemented. Develop contingency plans for interim repairs should the inspections identify thinning below the interim acceptance criteria. Inspect FWH shells during a refueling outage or possibly during planned system outages or power reductions. If necessary, perform interim repairs to ensure safe operation until the next refueling outage. Develop and implement permanent repairs that will prevent shell thinning. (authors)

Simons, John W.; Keating, Robert B. [MPR Associates Inc., 140 Mustang Circle, Simpsonville, SC 29681 (United States)

2002-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "micrometer-sized magnetic thin" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

CFN | Thin Films Group  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Materials Synthesis and Characterization Facility Materials Synthesis and Characterization Facility Thin-Film Processing Facility Online Manager (FOM) website FOM manual ESR for lab 1L32 (High-Resolution SEM and x-ray microanalysis) CFN Operations Safety Awareness (COSA) form for 1L32 (ESR #1) Technical article on LABE detector (Analytical SEM) Request form for off-hours access (.doc, First time only, renewals done via email) Lab Tool capabilities Primary contact Training schedule Backup contact Booking calendar Booking rules SOP 1L32 Analytical SEM Camino Thurs 10-12 PM Stein FOM yes yes Hitachi S-4800 SEM Stein Tues 1-3 PM Black FOM no yes booking calendar: yes = need to reserve tool time in calendar before using tool booking rules: yes = specific rules exist for reserving tool time SOP = standard operating procedure (basic instructions)

122

Enabling Thin Silicon Solar Cell Technology  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Enabling Thin Silicon Solar Cell Technology Enabling Thin Silicon Solar Cell Technology Print Friday, 21 June 2013 10:49 Generic silicon solar cells showing +45, -45, and...

123

NIST Hydrogen Storage in Thin Films  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Hydrogen Storage Optimization in Thin Film Combinatorial Alloys. ... Magnesium Thin Films," International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, doi:10.1016/j ...

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Thin Film and Nanostructure Processing Group Homepage  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... The Thin Film and Nanostructure Processing Group is one of seven ... Deposition of thin films Electrodeposition of metals and alloys Evaporation of ...

2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

125

Metals Thin-Films Information at NIST  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

NIST Home > Metals Thin-Films Information at NIST. Metals Thin-Films Information at NIST. (the links below are a compilation ...

2010-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

126

Optical Characterization of Advanced Thin Films  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Recently, thin films of spun-cast poly(2,5-bis(3-alkylthiophen ... been demonstrated to exhibit exceptional hole mobilities in thin film transistors (TFTs ...

2012-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

127

Thin Film Solar Technologies | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon Thin Film Solar Technologies Jump to: navigation, search Name Thin Film Solar Technologies...

128

Interfaces in Nanostructured Functional Oxide Thin Films  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The thin film systems include high temperature superconductors (HTS), thin film solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC), and other functional oxide systems. Detailed...

129

Studies of the magnetic structure at the ferromagnet - antiferromagnet interface  

SciTech Connect

Antiferromagnetic layers are a scientifically challenging component in magneto-electronic devices such as magnetic sensors in hard disk heads, or magnetic RAM elements. In this paper we show that photo-electron emission microscopy (PEEM) is capable of determining the magnetic structure at the interface of ferromagnets and antiferromagnets with high spatial resolution (down to 20 nm). Dichroism effects at the L edges of the magnetic 3d transition metals, using circularly or linearly polarized soft x-rays from a synchrotron source, give rise to a magnetic image contrast. Images, acquired with the PEEM2 experiment at the Advanced Light Source, show magnetic contrast for antiferromagnetic LaFeO{sub 3}, microscopically resolving the magnetic domain structure in an antiferromagnetically ordered thin film for the first time. Magnetic coupling between LaFeO{sub 3} and an adjacent Co layer results in a complete correlation of their magnetic domain structures. From field dependent measurements a unidirectional anisotropy resulting in a local exchange bias of up to 30 Oe in single domains could be deduced. The elemental specificity and the quantitative magnetic sensitivity render PEEM a perfect tool to study magnetic coupling effects in multi-layered thin film samples.

Scholl, A.; Nolting, F.; Stohr, J.; Luning, J.; Seo, J.W.; Locquet, J.-P.; Anders, S.; Ohldag, H.; Padmore, H.A.

2001-01-02T23:59:59.000Z

130

The APS direct-drive pulsed septum magnets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Advanced Photon Source (APS) consists of four separate machines: linac, booster, positron accumulator ring (PAR) and storage ring (SR), plus three transfer lines interconnecting the machines. At least one thin, pulsed septum magnet is located at each splice joint. The stray field tolerances for two of these septum magnets are very stringent. As an example, for clean operation during the proposed top-up mode in the storage ring, the stray fields from the septum magnet must not exceed 1 G-m. The septum wall thickness must also not exceed 2.4 mm. To meet these requirements, direct-drive septum magnets with magnetic shield pipe around the stored beam region were developed and built. These magnets have now been tested and installed, and are used in daily operation. We describe the magnet(s) design, the measurement results, the actual operation, and performance.

Sheynin, S.; Lopez, F.; Milton, S.V.

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Improved superconducting magnet wire  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention is directed to a superconducting tape or wire composed of alternating layers of copper and a niobium-containing superconductor such as niobium of NbTi, Nb/sub 3/Sn or Nb/sub 3/Ge. In general, each layer of the niobium-containing superconductor has a thickness in the range of about 0.05 to 1.5 times its coherence length (which for Nb/sub 3/Si is 41 A) with each copper layer having a thickness in the range of about 170 to 600 A. With the use of very thin layers of the niobium composition having a thickness within the desired range, the critical field (H/sub c/) may be increased by factors of 2 to 4. Also, the thin layers of the superconductor permit the resulting tape or wire to exhibit suitable ductility for winding on a magnet core. These compositions are also characterized by relatively high values of critical temperature and therefore will exhibit a combination of useful properties as superconductors.

Schuller, I.K.; Ketterson, J.B.

1983-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

132

Superconducting Magnets  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Mit Hilfe der Technologie supraleitender Magnete lassen sich in Mit Hilfe der Technologie supraleitender Magnete lassen sich in Ringbeschleunigern höhere Energien erreichen. Weil supraleitende Spulen keinen elektrischen Widerstand aufweisen, können damit stärkere Magnetfelder erzeugt werden. In normal leitenden Elektromagneten wird - wegen des elektrischen Widerstands der Drähte - die Spule aufgeheizt. Auf diese Weise geht sehr viel Energie in Form von Wärme verloren, was die Energiekosten dieser Magnete in die Höhe treibt. Supraleitende Spulen erlauben es, Magnete grosser Feldstärke unter günstigen Bedingungen zu betreiben und damit die Energiekosten zu senken. Durch den Einbau supraleitender Spulen in den Ringbeschleuniger von Fermilab konnte dessen Energie verdoppelt werden.Auch der im Bau befindliche "Large Hadron Collider" am CERN wird supraleitende Magnete

133

Magnetic nanotubes  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A magnetic nanotube includes bacterial magnetic nanocrystals contacted onto a nanotube which absorbs the nanocrystals. The nanocrystals are contacted on at least one surface of the nanotube. A method of fabricating a magnetic nanotube includes synthesizing the bacterial magnetic nanocrystals, which have an outer layer of proteins. A nanotube provided is capable of absorbing the nanocrystals and contacting the nanotube with the nanocrystals. The nanotube is preferably a peptide bolaamphiphile. A nanotube solution and a nanocrystal solution including a buffer and a concentration of nanocrystals are mixed. The concentration of nanocrystals is optimized, resulting in a nanocrystal to nanotube ratio for which bacterial magnetic nanocrystals are immobilized on at least one surface of the nanotubes. The ratio controls whether the nanocrystals bind only to the interior or to the exterior surfaces of the nanotubes. Uses include cell manipulation and separation, biological assay, enzyme recovery, and biosensors.

Matsui, Hiroshi (Glen Rock, NJ); Matsunaga, Tadashi (Tokyo, JP)

2010-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

134

Nanoscale Confinement Effects between Thin Metallic Surfaces: Fundamentals and Potential Applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Density functional theory is used to study the physico-chemical effects of two metallic thin films separated by distances in a range of 4-10 amperes. In this condition, the electrons from the metallic thin film surfaces tunnel through the energy barrier existing between the separated thin films, creating an electronic distribution in the gap between films. The characteristics and features of this electronic distribution, such as energy, momentum, and number of electrons, can be traced by quantum mechanical analyses. These same features can be tuned by varying metallic thin film properties like thickness, separation between films, and film chemical nature. The possibility to tune the physical properties of the electrons located in the gap between thin films makes the studied systems promising for applications that range from catalysis to nano-electronics. Molecular oxygen, water, and ethylene were located in the gap between thin films in order to study the physical and chemical effects of having those molecules in the gap between thin films. It was observed that the electron structure in the gap modifies the geometric and electronic structure of those molecules placed in the gap. In the case of molecular oxygen, it was found that the dissociation energy can be tuned by changing the separation between thin films and changing the chemical nature of the surface and overlayer of the thin film. For water, it was found that by tuning the chemical nature of the surface and sub-surface of both metallic thin films, molecular water dissociation can occur. When ethylene was located in the gap between Ti/Pt thin films, the molecule converts in an anion radical adopting the geometry and structure of the activated monomer necessary to initiate chain polymerization. Regarding magnetism, it was found that by the surface interaction between Ti/Pt and Pt thin films, the magnetic moment of the system decreases as the separation between thin films decreases. The phenomenon was explained by changes observed in the number of electronic states at the Fermi level and in the exchange splitting as a function of separation between films. Finally, a system that resembles a p-n junction was proposed and analyzed. The system is a junction of two metallic thin films with different electronic density in the gap between surfaces. These junctions can be the building blocks for many electronic devices.

Ramirez Caballero, Gustavo

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Magnetic nanoparticles : synthesis, characterization, applications and systematic study of exchanging biasing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We systematically investigated the magnetic properties of colloidal cobalt nanoparticles after three extents of oxidation: The native sample has a thin (1.0 nm) CoO shell and exhibits no exchange biasing. The purposefully ...

Tracy, Joseph B. (Joseph Benjamin)

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

Estimating the Cost of Large Superconducting Thin Solenoid Magnets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for making a preliminary cost estimate of proposed one of afor making a budgetary cost estimate of relatively lightbut in other cases, the cost estimates are wildly different

Green, M.A.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Laboratory  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Laboratory. ... A 600 MHz Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectrometer. Analytical Data Compilation Reference Materials. ...

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

Thin Film and nanostructure Processing Staff  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Thin Film Nanostructure Staff Directory. John Bonevich, Group Leader. Shari Beauchamp, Office Assistant. STAFF & NRC POSTDOCS. ...

2013-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

139

90-Degree Bragg Reflection from a Thin Crystalline Film  

SciTech Connect

Experimental observations of synchrotron radiation diffraction from a thin surface layer at a 90-degree Bragg reflection are reported and discussed. The synchrotron experiments were performed using a bending magnet source at the European Synchrotron Radiation Facility (ESRF) in France and undulator sources at the Advanced Photon Source (APS) in the U.S. and SPring-8 in Japan. Thin (0.5, 1.0 and 1.5 micron) InGaAs films deposited on a GaAs (100) substrate were studied near the 90- degree using the GaAs (800) reflection. A slight, less than 0.1%, difference in the lattice spacing between the layer and the substrate is sufficient to allow a direct and exclusive observation of the diffraction profile from a thin layer as if it was a 'free-standing' thin crystal. This research opens new possibilities for x-ray optical schemes and the development of novel analytical techniques for surface/interface x-ray diffraction studies.

Nikulin, A.Y.; Davis, J.R.; Usher, B.F.; Freund, A.K.; Ishikawa, T.

2001-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

140

Learning About Magnets!  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

the the National High Magnetic Field Laboratory Learning About Name A magnet is a material or object that creates a magnetic fi eld. This fi eld is invisible, but it creates a force that can "attract" or "repel" other magnets and magnetic materials, like iron or nickel. What is a Magnet? This bar magnet is a permanent magnet. Permanent magnets can be found in the Earth as rocks and metals. Magnets have

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "micrometer-sized magnetic thin" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Method for the detection of a magnetic field utilizing a magnetic vortex  

SciTech Connect

The determination of the strength of an in-plane magnetic field utilizing one or more magnetically-soft, ferromagnetic member, having a shape, size and material whereas a single magnetic vortex is formed at remanence in each ferromagnetic member. The preferred shape is a thin circle, or dot. Multiple ferromagnetic members can also be stacked on-top of each other and separated by a non-magnetic spacer. The resulting sensor is hysteresis free. The sensor's sensitivity, and magnetic saturation characteristics may be easily tuned by simply altering the material, size, shape, or a combination thereof to match the desired sensitivity and saturation characteristics. The sensor is self-resetting at remanence and therefore does not require any pinning techniques.

Novosad, Valentyn (Chicago, IL); Buchanan, Kristen (Batavia, IL)

2010-04-13T23:59:59.000Z

142

Neutrino magnetic moment in a magnetized plasma  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The contribution of a magnetized plasma to the neutrino magnetic moment is calculated. It is shown that only part of the additional neutrino energy in magnetized plasma connecting with its spin and magnetic field strength defines the neutrino magnetic moment. It is found that the presence of magnetized plasma does not lead to the considerable increase of the neutrino magnetic moment in contrast to the results presented in literature previously.

N. V. Mikheev; E. N. Narynskaya

2010-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

143

Applications of Passive Thin Films  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The physical properties of thin films affect the performance and durability of nearly every solar energy conversion device. Familiar examples of thin films for solar applications are optical materials and protective coatings. Optimized optical properties are key to cost-effective photothermal conversion where individual components must have high absorptance, reflectance, or transmittance. The protection of sensitive substrates from corrosion and/or erosion is essential to ensure adequate component and system lifetime. Such substrates range from photovoltaic materials operating near room temperature to turbine blade structural alloys in hostile environments at very high temperatures (>1,000 degrees C). Although much has been written on particular categories of thin-film materials for solar energy (for example, absorbers for receiver surfaces), to date no one has provided an overview of the spectrum of applications for passive thin films in solar energy. This work is such an overview and also reviews the material state of the art as described in the current literature. Active thin film devices such as photovoltaics and thermoeleetrics are not discussed.

Call, P. J.

1979-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

SUPERCONDUCTING MAGNETIC ENERGY STORAGE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Scale Superconducting Magnetic Energy Storage Plant", IEEEfor SlIperconducting Magnetic Energy Storage Unit", inSuperconducting Magnetic Energy Storage Plant, Advances in

Hassenzahl, W.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

Magnetization Characterization Laboratory  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... use of magnetic materials for motors, generators, transformers ... all depend on the specific magnetic characteristics of ... For example, a magnet used in ...

2012-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

146

MAGNETIC GRID  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An electronic grid is designed employing magnetic forces for controlling the passage of charged particles. The grid is particularly applicable to use in gas-filled tubes such as ignitrons. thyratrons, etc., since the magnetic grid action is impartial to the polarity of the charged particles and, accordingly. the sheath effects encountered with electrostatic grids are not present. The grid comprises a conductor having sections spaced apart and extending in substantially opposite directions in the same plane, the ends of the conductor being adapted for connection to a current source.

Post, R.F.

1960-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

Thin-film Lithium Batteries  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Thin-Film Battery with Lithium Anode Courtesy of Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Materials Science and Technology Division Thin-Film Lithium Batteries Resources with Additional Information The Department of Energy's 'Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) has developed high-performance thin-film lithium batteries for a variety of technological applications. These batteries have high energy densities, can be recharged thousands of times, and are only 10 microns thick. They can be made in essentially any size and shape. Recently, Teledyne licensed this technology from ORNL to make batteries for medical devices including electrocardiographs. In addition, new "textured" cathodes have been developed which have greatly increased the peak current capability of the batteries. This greatly expands the potential medical uses of the batteries, including transdermal applications for heart regulation.'

148

Questions about Magnets  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

off just the north (or just the south) end of a magnet? Are magnets stronger than gravity? Hold a magnet in the air. Place a nail against it. The magnet holds the nail up...

149

Semiconductor-nanocrystal/conjugated polymer thin films  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The invention described herein provides for thin films and methods of making comprising inorganic semiconductor-nanocrystals dispersed in semiconducting-polymers in high loading amounts. The invention also describes photovoltaic devices incorporating the thin films.

Alivisatos, A. Paul (Oakland, CA); Dittmer, Janke J. (Munich, DE); Huynh, Wendy U. (Munich, DE); Milliron, Delia (Berkeley, CA)

2010-08-17T23:59:59.000Z

150

Thin film-coated polymer webs  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention relates to thin film-coated polymer webs, and more particularly to thin film electronic devices supported upon a polymer web, wherein the polymer web is treated with a purifying amount of electron beam radiation.

Wenz, Robert P. (Cottage Grove, MN); Weber, Michael F. (Shoreview, MN); Arudi, Ravindra L. (Woodbury, MN)

1992-02-04T23:59:59.000Z

151

Thin Film Deposition Method for Sensor Manufacturing  

Scientists at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) have developed an innovative method for gas sensor manufacturing using a thin film deposition. The thin film requires very little material and can be applied in high throughput applications.

152

Thin Film Photovoltaics - Programmaster.org  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Thin Film Structures for Energy Efficient Systems: Thin Film Photovoltaics ... Full- inorganic Heterojunction Ink-printed Solar Cells: Seigo Ito1; 1University of Hyogo ... electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) measurements were used for...

153

Solar Thin Power | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Power Jump to: navigation, search Name Solar Thin Power Place New York Sector Solar Product Solar Thin Power was formed to seek out solar projects in North America, Asia and Europe...

154

Stability of charged thin shells  

SciTech Connect

In this article we study the mechanical stability of spherically symmetric thin shells with charge, in Einstein-Maxwell and Einstein-Born-Infeld theories. We analyze linearized perturbations preserving the symmetry, for shells around vacuum and shells surrounding noncharged black holes.

Eiroa, Ernesto F. [Instituto de Astronomia y Fisica del Espacio, C.C. 67, Suc. 28, 1428, Buenos Aires (Argentina); Departamento de Fisica, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Ciudad Universitaria Pab. I, 1428, Buenos Aires (Argentina); Simeone, Claudio [Departamento de Fisica, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Ciudad Universitaria Pab. I, 1428, Buenos Aires (Argentina); IFIBA, CONICET, Ciudad Universitaria Pab. I, 1428, Buenos Aires (Argentina)

2011-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

155

Magnetoelectric Multiferroic Thin Films and Multilayers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Scope, The symposium will cover thin films, single crystals, normal/relaxor ferroelectrics, piezoelectric ceramics, magnetoelectric composites, multiferroic...

156

EVOLUTION AND ADVANCED CHARACTERIZATION OF THIN ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

SURFACE AND INTERFACE STRESS EFFECTS ON THIN FILM GROWTH: R.C. Cammarata, Surface and Interface Science Branch, Naval Research...

157

MST: Organizations: Thin Film, Vacuum, and Packaging  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Processes & Services Electronic Fabrication Manufacturing Process Science & Technology Thin Film, Vacuum, & Packaging Organic Materials Ceramic & Glass Meso Manufacturing &...

158

X-ray absorption and magnetic circular dichroism studies of Co2FeAl in magnetic tunnel junctions  

SciTech Connect

The bulk magnetic moment and the element specific magnetic moment of Co{sub 2}FeAl thin films were examined as a function of annealing temperature by alternating gradient magnetometer (AGM) and X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS)/X-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD), respectively. A high magnetic moment can be achieved for all annealing temperatures and the predicted bulk and interface magnetic moment of about 5 {tilde A}{sub B} are reached via heating. We will also present tunnel magnetoresistance (TMR) values of up to 153% at room temperature and 260% at 13 K for MgO based magnetic tunnel junctions (MTJs) with Co{sub 2}FeAl and Co-Fe electrodes.

Ebke, D.; Kugler, Z.; Thomas, P.; Schebaum, O.; Schafers, M.; Nissen, D.; Schmalhorst, J.; Hutten, A.; Arenholz, E.; Thomas, A.

2010-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

159

magnets2  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

II II Painless Physics Articles BEAM COOLING August 2, 1996 By Leila Belkora, Office of Public Affairs ACCELERATION August 16, 1996 By Dave Finley, Accelerator Division Head RF August 30, 1996 By Pat Colestock, Accelerator Division FIXED TARGET PHYSICS September 20, 1996 By Peter H. Garbincius, Physics Section FIXED TARGET PHYSICS PART DEUX October 16, 1996 By Peter H. Garbincius, Physics Section and Leila Belkora, Office of Public Affaris CROSS SECTION November 1, 1996 By Doreen Wackeroth, Theoretical Physics Edited by Leila Belkora, Office of Public Affaris MAGNETS PART I November 15, 1996 By Hank Glass, Technical Support Section Edited by Donald Sena, Office of Public Affairs MAGNETS PART II January 10, 1997 By Hank Glass, Technical Support Section Edited by Donald Sena, Office of Public Affairs

160

Magnetic Reconnection  

SciTech Connect

We review the fundamental physics of magnetic reconnection in laboratory and space plasmas, by discussing results from theory, numerical simulations, observations from space satellites, and the recent results from laboratory plasma experiments. After a brief review of the well-known early work, we discuss representative recent experimental and theoretical work and attempt to interpret the essence of significant modern findings. In the area of local reconnection physics, many significant findings have been made with regard to two- uid physics and are related to the cause of fast reconnection. Profiles of the neutral sheet, Hall currents, and the effects of guide field, collisions, and micro-turbulence are discussed to understand the fundamental processes in a local reconnection layer both in space and laboratory plasmas. While the understanding of the global reconnection dynamics is less developed, notable findings have been made on this issue through detailed documentation of magnetic self-organization phenomena in fusion plasmas. Application of magnetic reconnection physics to astrophysical plasmas is also brie y discussed.

Masaaki Yamada, Russell Kulsrud and Hantao Ji

2009-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "micrometer-sized magnetic thin" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Magnetic behavior of 360 domain walls in patterned magnetic thin films  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

360 transverse domain walls (360DWs), which form readily from transverse 180 domain walls (180DWs) of opposite sense, demonstrate qualitatively distinct behaviors from their constituent 180DWs and are therefore of interest ...

Mascaro, Mark Daniel

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Magnet innovations for linacs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It is possible to produce large magnetic fields at the aperture of permanent magnet quadrupoles, even when the magnetic aperture is very small. That, combined with their compactness, makes permanent magnet quadrupoles very powerful components of small aperture linacs. Results will be presented about past and present work on both fixed and variable strength permanent magnets suitable for use in and around linacs.

Halbach, K.

1986-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Superconducting magnet  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A superconducting magnet designed to produce magnetic flux densities of the order of 4 to 5 Webers per square meter is constructed by first forming a cable of a plurality of matrixed superconductor wires with each wire of the plurality insulated from each other one. The cable is shaped into a rectangular cross-section and is wound with tape in an open spiral to create cooling channels. Coils are wound in a calculated pattern in saddle shapes to produce desired fields, such as dipoles, quadrupoles, and the like. Wedges are inserted between adjacent cables as needed to maintain substantially radial placement of the long dimensions of cross sections of the cables. After winding, individual strands in each of the cables are brought out to terminals and are interconnected to place all of the strands in series and to maximize the propagation of a quench by alternating conduction from an inner layer to an outer layer and from top half to bottom half as often as possible. Individual layers are separated from others by spiraled aluminum spacers to facilitate cooling. The wound coil is wrapped with an epoxy tape that is cured by heat and then machined to an interference fit with an outer aluminum pipe which is then affixed securely to the assembled coil by heating it to make a shrink fit. In an alternate embodiment, one wire of the cable is made of copper or the like to be heated externally to propagate a quench.

Satti, John A. (Naperville, IL)

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

COBRA: Determining Atomic Positions in Thin-Film Structures and Interfaces  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

COBRA: Determining Atomic Positions in Thin-Film Structures and Interfaces COBRA: Determining Atomic Positions in Thin-Film Structures and Interfaces Coherent Bragg rod analyses (COBRA) experiments using synchrotron x-rays at Argonne's Advanced Photon Source (MHATT-CAT and PNC-CAT beamlines) directly revealed the sub-angstrom atomic interaction of epitaxial films with substrates. Information on how atoms in the adjoining layers of the film and substrate rearrange to mimic each other may lead to improvements in semiconductor manufacturing and the development of novel heterostructure materials, such as multilayer ferroelectrics, magnetic nanostructures and thin film superconductors. COBRA electron density map of a Gd2O3 film on a gallium arsenide substrate. The peaks correspond to folded Gd atomic positions parallel to the plane of the substrate.

165

Columnar grain growth of FePt(L1{sub 0}) thin films  

SciTech Connect

An experimental approach for obtaining perpendicular FePt-SiOx thin films with a large height to diameter ratio FePt(L1{sub 0}) columnar grains is presented in this work. The microstructure for FePt-SiOx composite thin films as a function of oxide volume fraction, substrate temperature, and film thickness is studied by plan view and cross section TEM. The relations between processing, microstructure, epitaxial texture, and magnetic properties are discussed. By tuning the thickness of the magnetic layer and the volume fraction of oxide in the film at a sputtering temperature of 410 deg. C, a 16 nm thick perpendicular FePt film with {approx}8 nm diameter of FePt grains was obtained. The height to diameter ratio of the FePt grains was as large as 2. Ordering at lower temperature can be achieved by introducing a Ag sacrificial layer.

Yang En; Ho Hoan [Data Storage Systems Center, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213 (United States); Laughlin, David E. [Data Storage Systems Center, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213 (United States); ALCOA Professor of Physical Metallurgy, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213 (United States); Zhu Jiangang [Data Storage Systems Center, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213 (United States); ABB Professor of Engineering, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213 (United States)

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Magnetics and the body  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

no magnetic "charges"), such as from electromagnets. Magnetic fields are measured in Tesla (T) or Gauss (G). The Tesla is a very large unit (1 T 10,000 G). Most large magnets...

167

Learning About Magnets!  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

the National High Magnetic Field Laboratory Learning About Name A magnet is a material or object that creates a magnetic fi eld. This fi eld is invisible, but it creates a force...

168

ALS superbend magnet system  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ALS Superbend Magnet System J. Zbasnik , S. T. Wang ,of a High-Field Magnet for the ALS, Transactions AppliedRefrigeration options for the ALS Superbend dipole magnets,

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Helical Magnets Project | Superconducting Magnet Division  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

RHIC, the basic construction unit is a superconducting dipole magnet producing a four tesla dipole field that rotates through 360 degrees in a length of 2.4 meters. The magnets...

170

Method of producing amorphous thin films  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Disclosed is a method of producing thin films by sintering which comprises: a. coating a substrate with a thin film of an inorganic glass forming parulate material possessing the capability of being sintered, and b. irridiating said thin film of said particulate material with a laser beam of sufficient power to cause sintering of said material below the temperature of liquidus thereof. Also disclosed is the article produced by the method claimed.

Brusasco, Raymond M. (Livermore, CA)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

New thin materials for electronics.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The work described in this report is from an Early Career LDRD to develop and investigate novel thin film organic conductors with drastically improved electronic properties over the current state of the art. In collaboration with the Molecular Foundry at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory a Langmuir-Blodgett trough (LB) was built from scavenged parts and added to a scanning Raman microscope at LBNL. First order thin peptoid film samples were fabricated for testing Raman and photoluminescence imagining techniques. Tests showed that a single peptoid sheet can be successfully imaged using confocal Raman spectroscopy and a peptoid sheet can be successfully imaged using near-field photoluminescence at a resolution less than 70 nm. These results have helped position Sandia for advances in this area of MOF film creation. In collaboration with the Molecular Foundry at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, a Langmuir-Blodgett trough (LB) was built and added to a scanning Raman microscope at LBNL. Thin peptoid film samples were fabricated for testing Raman and photoluminescence imagining techniques. Tests showed that a single peptoid sheet can be successfully imaged using confocal Raman spectroscopy, and a peptoid sheet can be successfully imaged using near-field photoluminescence at a resolution less than 70 nm. These results have positioned Sandia for advance in this area of MOF film creation. The interactions with LBNL also led to award of two user projects at the Molecular Foundry at LBNL led by current Sandia staff and the appointment of a current Sandia staff to the Molecular Foundry User Executive Committee.

Schwartzberg, Adam

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

SUPERCONDUCTING MAGNETIC ENERGY STORAGE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Superconducting 30-MJ Energy Storage Coil", Proc. 19 80 ASC,Superconducting Magnetic Energy Storage Plant", IEEE Trans.SlIperconducting Magnetic Energy Storage Unit", in Advances

Hassenzahl, W.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Magnetization of neutron matter  

SciTech Connect

In this paper, we compute magnetization of neutron matter at strong magnetic field using the lowest order constrained variational (LOCV) technique.

Bigdeli, M. [Department of Physics, Zanjan University, P.O. Box 45195-313, Zanjan (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

2011-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

174

Regenerator for Magnetic Refrigerants  

Ames Laboratory researchers have developed a new magnetic material that can be used at low temperatures (sub liquid hydrogen) for magnetic refrigerators.

175

Magnetic Materials Group Homepage  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... and simulation to become the driving force in ... develop a real-time magnetic domain imaging ... data-storage and permanent magnets with increased ...

2012-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

176

NSLS II: Magnetism  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

spatial ordering of the magnetic moments that is superimposed on the crystal lattice. Why these atomic magnetic moments survive and how they arrange in the solid is the...

177

Thin film buried anode battery  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A reverse configuration, lithium thin film battery (300) having a buried lithium anode layer (305) and process for making the same. The present invention is formed from a precursor composite structure (200) made by depositing electrolyte layer (204) onto substrate (201), followed by sequential depositions of cathode layer (203) and current collector (202) on the electrolyte layer. The precursor is subjected to an activation step, wherein a buried lithium anode layer (305) is formed via electroplating a lithium anode layer at the interface of substrate (201) and electrolyte film (204). The electroplating is accomplished by applying a current between anode current collector (201) and cathode current collector (202).

Lee, Se-Hee (Lakewood, CO); Tracy, C. Edwin (Golden, CO); Liu, Ping (Denver, CO)

2009-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

178

Thin-Film Photovoltaic Industry  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report presents an overview of the thin-film (TF) photovoltaic (PV) industry as of the third quarter of 2012, a time in the midst of very rapid changes. The TFPV industry has seen significantly greater investment in the past 5 to 10 years than in any previous time and up until recently it seemed that this investment was on track to make TFPV a much larger player in the overall PV market. However, market dynamics have conspired to dim TFPVs near-term prospects and ...

2012-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

179

Thin film solar energy collector  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A multi-layer solar energy collector of improved stability comprising: (1) a substrate of quartz, silicate glass, stainless steel or aluminum-containing ferritic alloy; (2) a solar absorptive layer comprising silver, copper oxide, rhodium/rhodium oxide and 0-15% by weight of platinum; (3) an interlayer comprising silver or silver/platinum; and (4) an optional external anti-reflective coating, plus a method for preparing a thermally stable multi-layered solar collector, in which the absorptive layer is undercoated with a thin film of silver or silver/platinum to obtain an improved conductor-dielectric tandem.

Aykan, Kamran (Monmouth Beach, NJ); Farrauto, Robert J. (Westfield, NJ); Jefferson, Clinton F. (Millburn, NJ); Lanam, Richard D. (Westfield, NJ)

1983-11-22T23:59:59.000Z

180

Characterization of Micro-, Nano-, and Thin Films  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Feb 18, 2010... CdS:In Thin Films Prepared by the Spray-Pyrolysis Technique: Shadia Ikhmayies1; Riyad Ahmad-Bitar1; 1University of Jordan

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "micrometer-sized magnetic thin" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Enhanced Thin Film Organic Photovoltaic Devices  

A novel structure design for thin film organic photovoltaic (OPV) devices provides a system for increasing the optical absorption in the active layer. ...

182

Method of producing amorphous thin films  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention dicloses a method for sintering particulate material (such as silica) with a laser beam to produce amorphous optical thin films on substrates.

Brusasco, R.M.

1991-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

183

Infrared Analysis of Advanced Thin Film Materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The goals of timely and cost effective integration of these new materials into ... most widely accepted method for production monitoring of transparent thin films.

184

Polycrystalline Thin Film Solar Cell Technologies: Preprint  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Rapid progress is being made by CdTe and CIGS-based thin-film PV technologies in entering commercial markets.

Ullal, H. S.

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Mechanical Properties of Thin Film Metallic Glass  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Because of these and other properties, thin film metallic-glasses (TFMGs) are a promising structural material for fabricating the next generation of micro- and...

186

EVOLUTION AND ADVANCED CHARACTERIZATION OF THIN ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

EVOLUTION OF THIN FILM MICROSTRUCTURE AND MORPHOLOGY DURING CHEMICAL VAPOR DEPOSITION: D.P.Adams, T.M. Mayer, E. Chason, B.S....

187

Textured Ultrafine Grained Al Thin Films  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Symposium, Fatigue and Fracture of Thin Films and Nanomaterials. Presentation Title, In-Situ ACOM-TEM Nanomechanical Testing of Textured Ultrafine...

188

Surface Sensitive Scattering from Thin Films  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Thin films of few tenths of angstroms are becoming the staple of the electronic ... a powerful tool for the basic understanding of the film microstructure. ...

189

Nanostructured Transparent Conductors Have Potential for Thin...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

that require flexibility and solution processing. Key Result Metallic NWs and graphene thin films, although not yet at performance levels of TCOs, demonstrate a much better...

190

Thin Film Structures for Energy Efficient Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Thin film based energy generation and storage devices - Small scale ... Dye- sensitized Solar Cells with Anodized Aluminum Alloy-based Counter-electrodes.

191

Tag gas capsule with magnetic piercing device  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An apparatus for introducing a tag (i.e., identifying) gas into a tubular nuclear fuel element. A sealed capsule containing the tag gas is placed in the plenum in the fuel tube between the fuel and the end cap. A ferromagnetic punch having a penetrating point is slidably mounted in the plenum. By external electro-magnets, the punch may be caused to penetrate a thin rupturable end wall of the capsule and release the tag gas into the fuel element. Preferably the punch is slidably mounted within the capsule, which is in turn loaded as a sealed unit into the fuel element.

Nelson, Ira V. (Richland, WA)

1976-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

192

BaBar technical design report: Chapter 9, Magnet coil and flux return  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The BaBar magnet is a thin, 1.5 T superconducting solenoid with a hexagonal flux return. This chapter discusses the physics requirements and performance goals for the magnet, describes key interfaces, and summarizes the projected magnet performance. It also presents the design of the superconducting solenoid, including magnetic design, cold mass design, quench protection and stability, cold mass cooling, cryostat design, and coil assembly and transportation. The cryogenic supply system and instrumentation are described briefly, and the flux return is described.

O`Connor, T.; The BaBar Collaboration

1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Formation of sheet plumes, current coils, and helical magnetic fields in a spherical magnetohydrodynamic dynamo  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Aiming at understanding of magnetic field generation process in rapidly rotating stars and planets represented by the Earth, computer simulations of magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) dynamo were performed in a rotating spherical shell geometry. Thermal convection and dynamo process with Ekman number of the order of 10{sup -7} were studied. New structures of convection motion, dynamo-generated electrical current, and magnetic field are found. The flow is organized as a set of thin, sheet-like plumes. The current is made of small-scale coil structure with magnetic flux tubes within each of the coil. These flux tubes are connected each other to form a large scale helical magnetic field structure.

Miyagoshi, Takehiro [Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology, Yokohama 236-0001 (Japan); Kageyama, Akira [Graduate School of System Informatics, Kobe University, Kobe 657-8501 (Japan); Sato, Tetsuya [Graduate School of Simulation Studies, University of Hyogo, Kobe 650-0047 (Japan)

2011-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

194

Thin films of mixed metal compounds  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A compositionally uniform thin film of a mixed metal compound is formed by simultaneously evaporating a first metal compound and a second metal compound from independent sources. The mean free path between the vapor particles is reduced by a gas and the mixed vapors are deposited uniformly. The invention finds particular utility in forming thin film heterojunction solar cells.

Mickelsen, Reid A. (Bellevue, WA); Chen, Wen S. (Seattle, WA)

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Thin-film optical initiator - Energy Innovation Portal  

A thin-film optical initiator having an inert, transparent substrate, a reactive thin film, which can be either an explosive or a pyrotechnic, and a reflective thin film.

196

Institute of Photo Electronic Thin Film Devices and Technology...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Place Tianjin Municipality, China Zip 300071 Sector Solar Product A thin-film solar cell research institute in China. References Institute of Photo-Electronic Thin Film Devices...

197

NREL: Photovoltaics Research - Polycrystalline Thin-Film Materials...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

in the area of polycrystalline thin-film materials and devices. Printable Version Photovoltaics Research Home Silicon Polycrystalline Thin Films Multijunctions New Materials,...

198

Heat transfer in excimer laser melting of thin polysilicon layers  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Heat transfer in excimer laser melting of thin polysilicon layers Title Heat transfer in excimer laser melting of thin polysilicon layers Publication Type Journal Article Year of...

199

Changes related to "Blue Spark Technologies formerly Thin Battery...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

icon Twitter icon Changes related to "Blue Spark Technologies formerly Thin Battery Technologies Inc" Blue Spark Technologies formerly Thin Battery Technologies Inc...

200

Pages that link to "Blue Spark Technologies formerly Thin Battery...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

icon Twitter icon Pages that link to "Blue Spark Technologies formerly Thin Battery Technologies Inc" Blue Spark Technologies formerly Thin Battery Technologies Inc...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "micrometer-sized magnetic thin" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Daylighting control performance of a thin-film ceramic electrochromic...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Daylighting control performance of a thin-film ceramic electrochromic window: Field study results Title Daylighting control performance of a thin-film ceramic electrochromic...

202

Recent Developments in Biological, Electronic, and Functional Thin ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

For example, novel thin films and coatings are being developed with unusual abrasive, adaptive, bioactive ... development of novel thin film and coating methods

203

Amorphous and nanocrystalline Mg2Si thin-film electrodes  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Contact Us Department Contacts Media Contacts Amorphous and nanocrystalline Mg2Si thin-film electrodes Title Amorphous and nanocrystalline Mg2Si thin-film electrodes...

204

Thin-Film/Low-K Dielectric Constant Measurement  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... to pursue a very different approach to dielectric thin-film characterization at ... at NIST; DOW will simply deposit and pattern the thin films on pretested ...

2010-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

205

Scientists use world's fastest supercomputer to explore magnetic  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Supercomputer to explore magnetic reconnection Supercomputer to explore magnetic reconnection Scientists use world's fastest supercomputer to explore magnetic reconnection The focus is to understand the three-dimensional evolution of thin electrical current layers where magnetic reconnection initially develops. October 30, 2009 Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials. Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy

206

CALCULATION OF PULSED KICKER MAGNETIC FIELD ATTENUATION INSIDE BEAM CHAMBERS  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

CALCULATION OF PULSED KICKER MAGNETIC FIELD ATTENUATION CALCULATION OF PULSED KICKER MAGNETIC FIELD ATTENUATION INSIDE BEAM CHAMBERS S. H. Kim January 8, 2001 1. Introduction and Summary The ceramic beam chambers in the sections of the kicker magnets for the beam injection and extraction in the Advanced Photon Source (APS) are made of alumina. The inner surface of the ceramic chamber is coated with a conductive paste. The choice of coating thickness is intended to reduce the shielding of the pulsed kicker magnetic field while containing the electromagnetic fields due to the beam bunches inside the chamber, and minimize the Ohmic heating due to the fields on the chamber [1]. The thin coating generally does not give a uniform surface resistivity for typical dimensions of the ceramic chambers in use. The chamber cross section is a circular or

207

HTS Magnet Program | Superconducting Magnet Division  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

HTS Magnet Program HTS Magnet Program High Temperature Superconductors (HTS) have the potential to revolutionize the field of superconducting magnets for particle accelerators, energy storage and medical applications. This is because of the fact that as compared to the conventional Low Temperature Superconductors (LTS), the critical current density (Jc ) of HTS falls slowly both: as a function of increasing field, and as a function of increasing temperature These unique properties can be utilized to design and build: HTS magnets that produce very high fields (20 - 50 T) HTS magnets that operate at elevated temperatures (20 - 77 K) This is a significant step forward over the convention LTS magnets which generally operate at a temperature of ~4 K and with field usually limited

208

Nanocomposite Magnets: Transformational Nanostructured Permanent Magnets  

SciTech Connect

Broad Funding Opportunity Announcement Project: GE is using nanomaterials technology to develop advanced magnets that contain fewer rare earth materials than their predecessors. Nanomaterials technology involves manipulating matter at the atomic or molecular scale, which can represent a stumbling block for magnets because it is difficult to create a finely grained magnet at that scale. GE is developing bulk magnets with finely tuned structures using iron-based mixtures that contain 80% less rare earth materials than traditional magnets, which will reduce their overall cost. These magnets will enable further commercialization of HEVs, EVs, and wind turbine generators while enhancing U.S. competitiveness in industries that heavily utilize these alternatives to rare earth minerals.

None

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

Aging phenomena in polystyrene thin films  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The aging behavior is investigated for thin films of atactic polystyrene through measurements of complex electric capacitance. During isothermal aging process the real part of the electric capacitance increases with aging time, while the imaginary part decreases with aging time. This result suggests that the aging time dependence of the real and imaginary parts are mainly associated with change in thickness and dielectric permittivity, respectively. In thin films, the thickness depends on thermal history of aging even above the glass transition. Memory and `rejuvenation' effects are also observed in the thin films.

Koji Fukao; Hiroki Koizumi

2008-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

210

Tamper resistant magnetic stripes  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention relates to a magnetic stripe comprising a medium in which magnetized particles are suspended and in which the encoded information is recorded by actual physical rotation or alignment of the previously magnetized particles within the flux reversals of the stripe which are 180.degree. opposed in their magnetic polarity. The magnetized particles are suspended in a medium which is solid, or physically rigid, at ambient temperatures but which at moderately elevated temperatures, such as 40.degree. C., is thinable to a viscosity permissive of rotation of the particles therein under applications of moderate external magnetic field strengths within acceptable time limits.

Naylor, Richard Brian (Albuquerque, NM); Sharp, Donald J. (Albuquerque, NM)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Lensless Imaging of Magnetic Nanostructures  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Magnetic Nanostructures Print Magnetism is useful for many devices and techniques, from electric motors and computer hard drives to magnetic resonance imaging used in medicine....

212

Thin current sheets in collisionless plasma: Equilibrium structure, plasma instabilities, and particle acceleration  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The review is devoted to plasma structures with an extremely small transverse size, namely, thin current sheets that have been discovered and investigated by spacecraft observations in the Earth's magnetotail in the last few decades. The formation of current sheets is attributed to complicated dynamic processes occurring in a collisionless space plasma during geomagnetic perturbations and near the magnetic reconnection regions. The models that describe thin current structures in the Earth's magnetotail are reviewed. They are based on the assumption of the quasi-adiabatic ion dynamics in a relatively weak magnetic field of the magnetotail neutral sheet, where the ions can become unmagnetized. It is shown that the ion distribution can be represented as a function of the integrals of particle motion-the total energy and quasi-adiabatic invariant. Various modifications of the initial equilibrium are considered that are obtained with allowance for the currents of magnetized electrons, the contribution of oxygen ions, the asymmetry of plasma sources, and the effects related to the non-Maxwellian particle distributions. The theoretical results are compared with the observational data from the Cluster spacecraft mission. Various plasma instabilities developing in thin current sheets are investigated. The evolution of the tearing mode is analyzed, and the parameter range in which the mode can grow are determined. The paradox of complete stabilization of the tearing mode in current sheets with a nonzero normal magnetic field component is thereby resolved based on the quasi-adiabatic model. It is shown that, over a wide range of current sheet parameters and the propagation directions of large-scale unstable waves, various modified drift instabilities-kink and sausage modes-can develop in the system. Based on the concept of a turbulent electromagnetic field excited as a result of the development and saturation of unstable waves, a mechanism for charged particle acceleration in turbulent current sheets is proposed and the energy spectra of the accelerated particles are obtained.

Zelenyi, L. M.; Malova, H. V.; Artemyev, A. V.; Popov, V. Yu.; Petrukovich, A. A. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Space Research Institute (Russian Federation)

2011-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

213

Enabling Thin Silicon Solar Cell Technology  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Enabling Thin Silicon Solar Cell Enabling Thin Silicon Solar Cell Technology Enabling Thin Silicon Solar Cell Technology Print Friday, 21 June 2013 10:49 Generic silicon solar cells showing +45°, -45°, and dendritic crack patterns. The effort to shift U.S. energy reliance from fossil fuels to renewable sources has spurred companies to reduce the cost and increase the reliability of their solar photovoltaics (SPVs). The use of thinner silicon in SPV technologies is being widely adopted because it significantly reduces costs; however, silicon is brittle, and thinner silicon, coupled with other recent trends in SPV technologies (thinner glass, lighter or no metal frames, increased use of certain polymers for encapsulation of the silicon cells), is more susceptible to stress and cracking. When the thin

214

Method for making thin carbon foam electrodes  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for fabricating thin, flat carbon electrodes by infiltrating highly porous carbon papers, membranes, felts, metal fibers/powders, or fabrics with an appropriate carbon foam precursor material. The infiltrated carbon paper, for example, is then cured to form a gel-saturated carbon paper, which is subsequently dried and pyrolyzed to form a thin sheet of porous carbon. The material readily stays flat and flexible during curing and pyrolyzing to form thin sheets. Precursor materials include polyacrylonitrile (PAN), polymethylacrylonitrile (PMAN), resorcinol/formaldehyde, catechol/formaldehyde, phenol/formaldehyde, etc., or mixtures thereof. These thin films are ideal for use as high power and energy electrodes in batteries, capacitors, and fuel cells, and are potentially useful for capacitive deionization, filtration and catalysis.

Pekala, Richard W. (Pleasant Hill, CA); Mayer, Steven T. (San Leandro, CA); Kaschmitter, James L. (Pleasanton, CA); Morrison, Robert L. (Modesto, CA)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Method for making thin carbon foam electrodes  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for fabricating thin, flat carbon electrodes by infiltrating highly porous carbon papers, membranes, felts, metal fibers/powders, or fabrics with an appropriate carbon foam precursor material is disclosed. The infiltrated carbon paper, for example, is then cured to form a gel-saturated carbon paper, which is subsequently dried and pyrolyzed to form a thin sheet of porous carbon. The material readily stays flat and flexible during curing and pyrolyzing to form thin sheets. Precursor materials include polyacrylonitrile (PAN), polymethylacrylonitrile (PMAN), resorcinol/formaldehyde, catechol/formaldehyde, phenol/formaldehyde, etc., or mixtures thereof. These thin films are ideal for use as high power and energy electrodes in batteries, capacitors, and fuel cells, and are potentially useful for capacitive deionization, filtration and catalysis.

Pekala, R.W.; Mayer, S.T.; Kaschmitter, J.L.; Morrison, R.L.

1999-08-03T23:59:59.000Z

216

Innovative Thin Films LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Thin Films LLC Thin Films LLC Jump to: navigation, search Name Innovative Thin Films LLC Place Toledo, Ohio Zip 43607 Product Provider of altnernative energy thin film deposition technology. Coordinates 46.440613°, -122.847838° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":46.440613,"lon":-122.847838,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

217

Solid State Thin Film Lithium Microbatteries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Solid state thin film lithium microbatteries fabricated by pulsed-laser deposition (PLD) are suggested. During deposition the following process parameters must be considered, which are laser energy and fluence, laser pulse ...

Shi, Z.

218

Polycrystalline Thin Film Used in Photovoltaics  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Polycrystalline thin-film cells are made of many tiny crystalline grains of semiconductor materials. The materials used in these cells have properties that are different from those of silicon.

219

Metis: a thin-client application framework  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper introduces a thin-client programming model and then presents an object-oriented framework for developing applications using the model. The programming model and the framework have evolved from interactions with developers and users of commercial ...

Deborra J. Zukowski; Apratim Purakayastha; Ajay Mohindra; Murthy Devarakonda

1997-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

Superhydrophobic Thin Film Symposium | ornl.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Connect with ORNL | For Industry | Partnerships | Events and Conferences Superhydrophobic Thin Film Symposium Sep 05 2012 12:00 AM - 05:00 PM Hosted by Oak Ridge Laboratory's...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "micrometer-sized magnetic thin" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

A discrete model of thin shells  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a discrete model for the behavior of thin flexible structures, such as hats, leaves, and aluminum cans, which are characterized by a curved undeformed configuration. Previously such models required complex continuum mechanics formulations ...

Eitan Grinspun

2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Polycrystalline Thin-Film Multijunction Solar Cells  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

We present a digest of our research on the thin-film material components that comprise the top and bottom cells of three different material systems and the tandem devices constructed from them.

Noufi, R.; Wu, X.; Abu-Shama, J.; Ramanathan, K; Dhere, R.; Zhou, J.; Coutts, T.; Contreras, M.; Gessert, T.; Ward, J. S.

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Thin films for geothermal sensing: Final report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The report discusses progress in three components of the geothermal measurement problem: (1) developing appropriate chemically sensitive thin films; (2) discovering suitably rugged and effective encapsulation schemes; and (3) conducting high temperature, in-situ electrochemical measurements. (ACR)

Not Available

1987-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Active magnetic regenerator  

SciTech Connect

The disclosure is directed to an active magnetic regenerator apparatus and method. Brayton, Stirling, Ericsson, and Carnot cycles and the like may be utilized in an active magnetic regenerator to provide efficient refrigeration over relatively large temperature ranges.

Barclay, John A. (Los Alamos, NM); Steyert, William A. (Los Alamos, NM)

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

ALS superbend magnet performance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ALS Superbend Magnet Performance S. Marks, J. Zbasnik, W.the Advanced Light Source (ALS), with the fourth magnet as ahe Advanced Light Source (ALS) at the Lawrence Berkeley

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

LHC Magnet Program | Superconducting Magnet Division  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Magnet Program Magnet Program The Superconducting Magnet Division is building a number of dipole magnets for the Large Hadron Collider (LHC), which is now under construction at CERN in Geneva, Switzerland. Scheduled to begin operation in 2007, this machine will collide beams of protons with the unprecedented energy of 7 TeV per beam to explore the nature of matter at its most basic level (RHIC can collide beams of protons with energies of 0.25 TeV, but is mostly used to collide heavy ions with energies of 0.1 TeV per nucleon). The magnets are being built as part of the US program, recommended by the High Energy Physics Advisory Panel (HEPAP) and approved by Congress, to contribute to the construction and, later, use of that frontier machine by the US high energy physics community. Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (FNAL) and

227

Thin Wall Cast Iron: Phase II  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The development of thin-wall technology allows the designers of energy consuming equipment to select the most appropriate material based on cost/material properties considerations, and not solely on density. The technology developed in this research project will permit the designers working for the automotive industry to make a better informed choice between competing materials and thin wall cast iron, thus decreasing the overall cost of the automobile.

Doru M. Stefanescu

2005-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

228

Thin Film Solid Oxide Fuel Cells  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A novel solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) design that can be fabricated entirely using low-temperature, thin-film processing is described. Potential advantages of the cell are reduced materials costs and improved fuel-cell characteristics. The critical design feature is the use of thin (approximately equal to 50 nanometers), catalytically-active oxide layers on a < 10 micrometer thick yttria-stabilized zirconia (YSZ) supported electrolyte to minimize reaction overpotentials and ohmic losses. Doped ceria at th...

1995-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

229

Magnetic Materials Staff  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Materials Science and Engineering Division Staff Directory; MML Organization. Contact. Magnetic Materials Group Robert Shull, Group Leader. ...

2012-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

230

Minimum Magnetic Energy Theorem  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Thomson's Theorem states that static charge distributions in conductors show up at the conducting surfaces in an equipotential configuration, so that the electrostatic energy is a minimum. In this work we study an analogue statement for magnetic systems: in a given set of conductors, the stored magnetic field energy reaches the minimum value for superficial current distributions so that the magnetic vector potential is tangent to the conductors surfaces. This is the counterpart of Thomson's theorem for the magnetic field.

Fiolhais, M C N

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Superconducting magnet of Aurora  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The AURORAsuperconducting magnet system is composed of a cylindrical single?body magnet and a refrigeration system for superconducting coils. The magnet generates B z =1 T on the central orbit at the 150 MeV electron beam injection energy and B z =4.3 T at the 650 MeV storage energy. The diameter of the central orbit is 1 m. Iron poles and yokes are used for shielding the magnetic field

T. Takayama; SHI Accelerator Research Group

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Irreversible magnetic switch  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention is comprised of an irreversible magnetic switch containing a ferromagnetic amorphous metal having a predetermined crystallization temperature in its inductor magnetic path. With the incorporation of such material, the magnetic properties after cooling from a high temperature excursion above its crystallization temperature are only a fraction of the original value. The difference is used to provide a safety feature in the magnetic switch.

Karnowsky, M.M.; Yost, F.G.

1991-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

233

Magnetic Nanoparticle Metrology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... T2 relaxation times, hysteretic energy loss, etc ... Optimization of magnetic nanoparticle synthesis for ... competition between lattice energies and dipolar ...

2012-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

234

Tunable Magnetic Regenerator/Refrigerant  

Magnetic regenerators utilize the magnetocaloric effect--the ability of a magnetic field to reduce the magnetic part of a solid materials entropy, generating heat, and then removing the magnetic field, permitting the reduction of temperature with the ...

235

SunShot Initiative: Thin Film Photovoltaics Research  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Thin Film Photovoltaics Research Thin Film Photovoltaics Research to someone by E-mail Share SunShot Initiative: Thin Film Photovoltaics Research on Facebook Tweet about SunShot Initiative: Thin Film Photovoltaics Research on Twitter Bookmark SunShot Initiative: Thin Film Photovoltaics Research on Google Bookmark SunShot Initiative: Thin Film Photovoltaics Research on Delicious Rank SunShot Initiative: Thin Film Photovoltaics Research on Digg Find More places to share SunShot Initiative: Thin Film Photovoltaics Research on AddThis.com... Concentrating Solar Power Photovoltaics Research & Development Crystalline Silicon Thin Films Multijunctions Organic Photovoltaics Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells Competitive Awards Systems Integration Balance of Systems Thin Film Photovoltaics Research The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) supports research and development of

236

Magnetic nanohole superlattices  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A magnetic material is disclosed including a two-dimensional array of carbon atoms and a two-dimensional array of nanoholes patterned in the two-dimensional array of carbon atoms. The magnetic material has long-range magnetic ordering at a temperature below a critical temperature Tc.

Liu, Feng

2013-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

237

Imaging nanoscale magnetic structures with polarized soft x-ray photons  

SciTech Connect

Imaging nanoscale magnetic structures and their fast dynamics is scientifically interesting and technologically of highest relevance. The combination of circularly polarized soft X-ray photons which provide a strong X-ray magnetic circular dichroism effect at characteristic X-ray absorption edges, with a high resolution soft X-ray microscope utilizing Fresnel zone plate optics allows to study in a unique way the stochastical behavior in the magnetization reversal process of thin films and the ultrafast dynamics of magnetic vortices and domain walls in confined ferromagnetic structures. Future sources of fsec short and high intense soft X-ray photon pulses hold the promise of magnetic imaging down to fundamental magnetic length and time scales.

Fischer, P.; Im, M.-Y.

2010-01-18T23:59:59.000Z

238

Phase diagram of a thin film of the Fe{sub 1-x}Co{sub x} alloy with the 'bulk' or 'planar' magnetoelastic interaction  

SciTech Connect

Concentration-induced reorientation phase transitions in thin magnetic films of FeCo alloys have been investigated taking into account 'planar' or 'bulk' magnetoelastic interaction. The critical concentrations of Co corresponding to the phase transition points, as well as the types of the phase transitions, have been determined. The phase diagrams have been plotted.

Fridman, Yu. A., E-mail: frid@tnu.crimea.ua; Klevets, F. N.; Voitenko, A. P. [Vernadskii Tavricheskii National University (Ukraine)

2011-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

239

Thin superconducting disk with B-dependent Jc : Flux and current distributions D. V. Shantsev,* Y. M. Galperin,* and T. H. Johansen  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Thin superconducting disk with B-dependent Jc : Flux and current distributions D. V. Shantsev,* Y magnetic field dependence of the critical sheet current, Jc(B), is analyzed. With an applied field Ba perpendicular to the disk, a set of coupled integral equations for the flux and current distributions is derived

Johansen, Tom Henning

240

Ultra Thin Quantum Well Materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This project has enabled Hi-Z technology Inc. (Hi-Z) to understand how to improve the thermoelectric properties of Si/SiGe Quantum Well Thermoelectric Materials. The research that was completed under this project has enabled Hi-Z Technology, Inc. (Hi-Z) to satisfy the project goal to understand how to improve thermoelectric conversion efficiency and reduce costs by fabricating ultra thin Si/SiGe quantum well (QW) materials and measuring their properties. In addition, Hi-Z gained critical new understanding on how thin film fabrication increases the silicon substrate's electrical conductivity, which is important new knowledge to develop critical material fabrication parameters. QW materials are constructed with alternate layers of an electrical conductor, SiGe and an electrical insulator, Si. Film thicknesses were varied, ranging from 2nm to 10nm where 10 nm was the original film thickness prior to this work. The optimum performance was determined at a Si and SiGe thickness of 4nm for an electrical current and heat flow parallel to the films, which was an important conclusion of this work. Essential new information was obtained on how the Si substrate electrical conductivity increases by up to an order of magnitude upon deposition of QW films. Test measurements and calculations are accurate and include both the quantum well and the substrate. The large increase in substrate electrical conductivity means that a larger portion of the electrical current passes through the substrate. The silicon substrate's increased electrical conductivity is due to inherent impurities and thermal donors which are activated during both molecular beam epitaxy and sputtering deposition of QW materials. Hi-Z's forward looking cost estimations based on future high performance QW modules, in which the best Seebeck coefficient and electrical resistivity are taken from separate samples predict that the electricity cost produced with a QW module could be achieved at price would open many markets for waste heat recovery applications. By installing Hi-Z's materials in applications in which electricity could be produced from waste heat sources could result in significant energy savings as well as emissions reductions. For example, if QW thermoelectric generators could be introduced commercially in 2015, and assuming they could also capture an additional 0.1%/year of the available waste heat from the aluminum, steel, and iron industries, then by 2020, their use would lead to a 2.53 trillion Btu/year reduction in energy consumption. This translates to a $12.9 million/year energy savings, and 383.6 million lb's of CO2 emissions reduction per year. Additionally, Hi-Z would expect that the use of QW TE devices in the automotive, manufacturing, and energy generation industries would reduce the USA's petroleum and fossil fuel dependence, and thus significantly reduce emissions from CO2 and other polluting gasses such as NOx, SOx, and particulate matter (PM), etc.

Dr Saeid Ghamaty

2012-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "micrometer-sized magnetic thin" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Ultra Thin Quantum Well Materials  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This project has enabled Hi-Z technology Inc. (Hi-Z) to understand how to improve the thermoelectric properties of Si/SiGe Quantum Well Thermoelectric Materials. The research that was completed under this project has enabled Hi-Z Technology, Inc. (Hi-Z) to satisfy the project goal to understand how to improve thermoelectric conversion efficiency and reduce costs by fabricating ultra thin Si/SiGe quantum well (QW) materials and measuring their properties. In addition, Hi-Z gained critical new understanding on how thin film fabrication increases the silicon substrate's electrical conductivity, which is important new knowledge to develop critical material fabrication parameters. QW materials are constructed with alternate layers of an electrical conductor, SiGe and an electrical insulator, Si. Film thicknesses were varied, ranging from 2nm to 10nm where 10 nm was the original film thickness prior to this work. The optimum performance was determined at a Si and SiGe thickness of 4nm for an electrical current and heat flow parallel to the films, which was an important conclusion of this work. Essential new information was obtained on how the Si substrate electrical conductivity increases by up to an order of magnitude upon deposition of QW films. Test measurements and calculations are accurate and include both the quantum well and the substrate. The large increase in substrate electrical conductivity means that a larger portion of the electrical current passes through the substrate. The silicon substrate's increased electrical conductivity is due to inherent impurities and thermal donors which are activated during both molecular beam epitaxy and sputtering deposition of QW materials. Hi-Z's forward looking cost estimations based on future high performance QW modules, in which the best Seebeck coefficient and electrical resistivity are taken from separate samples predict that the electricity cost produced with a QW module could be achieved at <$0.35/W. This price would open many markets for waste heat recovery applications. By installing Hi-Z's materials in applications in which electricity could be produced from waste heat sources could result in significant energy savings as well as emissions reductions. For example, if QW thermoelectric generators could be introduced commercially in 2015, and assuming they could also capture an additional 0.1%/year of the available waste heat from the aluminum, steel, and iron industries, then by 2020, their use would lead to a 2.53 trillion Btu/year reduction in energy consumption. This translates to a $12.9 million/year energy savings, and 383.6 million lb's of CO2 emissions reduction per year. Additionally, Hi-Z would expect that the use of QW TE devices in the automotive, manufacturing, and energy generation industries would reduce the USA's petroleum and fossil fuel dependence, and thus significantly reduce emissions from CO2 and other polluting gasses such as NOx, SOx, and particulate matter (PM), etc.

Dr Saeid Ghamaty

2012-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

242

Comparison of magnetic field and electric potential produced by frog heart muscle  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A comparison is made here between the magnetic field and electric potential produced by a thin strip of frog heartmuscle. An experimental test is made of the theory which states that the wave front of a single fiber (or parallel bundle of fibers as in this strip) can be represented

Deborah Burstein; David Cohen

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

Magnetic damping for maglev  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Magnetic damping is one of the important parameters to control the response and stability of maglev systems. An experimental study is presented to measure the magnetic damping using a direct method. A plate attached to a permanent magnet levitated on a rotating drum was tested to investigate the effect of various parameters on magnetic damping such as conductivity, gap, excitation frequency, and oscillation amplitude. The experimental technique is capable of measuring all magnetic damping coefficients, some of which can not be measured by an indirect method.

Chen, S.S.; Zhu, S.; Cai, Y.; Rote, D.M. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States). Energy Technology Div.

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

244

Magnetically attached sputter targets  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An improved method and assembly for attaching sputtering targets to cathode assemblies of sputtering systems which includes a magnetically permeable material is described. The magnetically permeable material is imbedded in a target base that is brazed, welded, or soldered to the sputter target, or is mechanically retained in the target material. Target attachment to the cathode is achieved by virtue of the permanent magnets and/or the pole pieces in the cathode assembly that create magnetic flux lines adjacent to the backing plate, which strongly attract the magnetically permeable material in the target assembly. 11 figures.

Makowiecki, D.M.; McKernan, M.A.

1994-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

245

Development of FeNiMoB thin film materials for microfabricated magnetoelastic sensors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Metglas{sup TM} 2826MB foils of 25-30 {mu}m thickness with the composition of Fe{sub 40}Ni{sub 38}Mo{sub 4}B{sub 18} have been used for magnetoelastic sensors in various applications over many years. This work is directed at the investigation of {approx}3 {mu}m thick iron-nickel-molybdenum-boron (FeNiMoB) thin films that are intended for integrated microsystems. The films are deposited on Si substrate by co-sputtering of iron-nickel (FeNi), molybdenum (Mo), and boron (B) targets. The results show that dopants of Mo and B can significantly change the microstructure and magnetic properties of FeNi materials. When FeNi is doped with only Mo its crystal structure changes from polycrystalline to amorphous with the increase of dopant concentration; the transition point is found at about 10 at. % of Mo content. A significant change in anisotropic magnetic properties of FeNi is also observed as the Mo dopant level increases. The coercivity of FeNi films doped with Mo decreases to a value less than one third of the value without dopant. Doping the FeNi with B together with Mo considerably decreases the value of coercivity and the out-of-plane magnetic anisotropy properties, and it also greatly changes the microstructure of the material. In addition, doping B to FeNiMo remarkably reduces the remanence of the material. The film material that is fabricated using an optimized process is magnetically as soft as amorphous Metglas{sup TM} 2826MB with a coercivity of less than 40 Am{sup -1}. The findings of this study provide us a better understanding of the effects of the compositions and microstructure of FeNiMoB thin film materials on their magnetic properties.

Liang Cai; Gooneratne, Chinthaka; Cha, Dongkyu; Chen Long; Kosel, Jurgen [Computer Electrical and Mathematical Sciences and Engineering, King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, 4700 KAUST, Thuwal 23955 (Saudi Arabia); Gianchandani, Yogesh [Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, 1301 Beal Ave., University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 (United States)

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

Ultra-thin overcoats for the head/disk interface tribology  

SciTech Connect

Areal density in magnetic storage is increasing at a blistering pace of 60% annually. Recently IBM announced its mobile product with the industry highest areal density of 2.64 Gb/In{sup 2}. The areal density demonstrations have shown up to 5 Gb/In{sup 2} possible. Reaching higher areal density targets dictate that magnetic spacing between heads and disks be reduced. For the example of a 10 Gb/In{sup 2} areal density goal, the magnetic spacing should be {approx}25 nm. In budgeting this magnetic spacing, it is required that disk and slider air bearing surface overcoats thickness be reduced to 5 nm range. Present choice of carbon overcoat in the magnetic storage hard disk drive industry is sputter deposited, hydrogenated carbon (CH{sub x}) with thickness in the range of 12-15 nm on heads and disks. Novel overcoats such as nitrogenated carbon (CN{sub x}) and cathodic arc carbon films are being developed for future applications. Cathodic arc deposition forms ultra-thin amorphous hard carbon films of high sp{sup 3} content, high hardness, and low coefficient of friction. These properties make it of great interest for head/disk interface application, in particular for contact recording. In many cases, the tribological properties of the head disk interface could be improved by factors up to ten applying cathodic arc overcoats to the slider or disk surface. This paper reviews the results of cathodic arc ultra-thin (2-10 nm) carbon overcoats for head/disk interface tribological applications.

Bhatia, C.S. [SSD/IBM, San Jose, CA (US); Anders, S.; Brown, I.G. [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab., CA (US)] [and others

1997-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Amorphous silicon Schottky barrier solar cells incorporating a thin insulating layer and a thin doped layer  

SciTech Connect

Amorphous silicon Schottky barrier solar cells which incorporate a thin insulating layer and a thin doped layer adjacent to the junction forming metal layer exhibit increased open circuit voltages compared to standard rectifying junction metal devices, i.e., Schottky barrier devices, and rectifying junction metal insulating silicon devices, i.e., MIS devices.

Carlson, David E. (Yardley, PA)

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

Ambient pressure process for preparing aerogel thin films reliquified sols useful in preparing aerogel thin films  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for preparing aerogel thin films by an ambient-pressure, continuous process. The method of this invention obviates the use of an autoclave and is amenable to the formation of thin films by operations such as dip coating. The method is less energy intensive and less dangerous than conventional supercritical aerogel processing techniques.

Brinker, Charles Jeffrey (Albuquerque, NM); Prakash, Sai Sivasankaran (Minneapolis, MN)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

Influence of intergranular exchange coupling on the magnetization dynamics of CoCrPt:SiO{sub 2} granular media  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We investigate the effect of Co{sup +} irradiation on the magnetization dynamics of CoCrPt:SiO{sub 2} granular media. Increasing irradiation levels reduce the saturation magnetization and effective anisotropy, which decrease the intrinsic magnetization precession frequency. Furthermore, increasing intergranular exchange coupling results in a qualitative change in the behavior of the magnetic material from a collection of individual grains to a homogeneous thin film, as evidenced in both the switching behavior and dynamics. The frequency change cannot be explained by single crystal macrospin modeling, and can only be reproduced by the inclusion of the dipolar effects and anisotropy distribution inherent in a granular medium.

Brandt, R.; Schmidt, H. [School of Engineering, University of California-Santa Cruz, 1156 High Street, Santa Cruz, California 95064 (United States); Tibus, S. [Department of Physics, University of Konstanz, D-78457 Konstanz (Germany); Institute of Physics, Chemnitz University of Technology, Reichenhainer Str. 70, 09126 Chemnitz (Germany); Springer, F. [Department of Physics, University of Konstanz, D-78457 Konstanz (Germany); Fassbender, J. [Institute of Ion Beam Physics and Materials Research, Forschungszentrum Dresden-Rossendorf, D-01314 Dresden (Germany); Rohrmann, H. [OC Oerlikon Balzers AG, LI-9496 Balzers (Liechtenstein); Albrecht, M. [Institute of Physics, Chemnitz University of Technology, Reichenhainer Str. 70, 09126 Chemnitz (Germany)

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Probing the structure of local magnetic field of solar features with helioseismology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Motivated by the problem of local solar subsurface magnetic structure, we have used numerical simulation to investigate the propagation of waves through monolithic magnetic flux tubes of different size. A cluster model can be a good approximation to simulate sunspots as well as solar plage regions which are composed of an ensemble of compactly packed thin flux tubes. Simulations of this type is a powerful tool to probe the structure and the dynamic of various solar features which are related directly to solar magnetic field activity.

Daiffallah, Khalil

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Thin film absorber for a solar collector  

SciTech Connect

This invention pertains to energy absorbers for solar collectors, and more particularly to high performance thin film absorbers. The solar collectors comprising the absorber of this invention overcome several problems seen in current systems, such as excessive hardware, high cost and unreliability. In the preferred form, the apparatus features a substantially rigid planar frame with a thin film window bonded to one planar side of the frame. An absorber in accordance with the present invention is comprised of two thin film layers that are sealed perimetrically. In a preferred embodiment, thin film layers are formed from a metal/plastic laminate. The layers define a fluid-tight planar envelope of large surface area to volume through which a heat transfer fluid flows. The absorber is bonded to the other planar side of the frame. The thin film construction of the absorber assures substantially full envelope wetting and thus good efficiency. The window and absorber films stress the frame adding to the overall strength of the collector.

Wilhelm, William G. (Cutchogue, NY)

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Organic Electronics: Organic thin-film magnetometers  

SciTech Connect

Magnetometry usually requires large probes and bulky instrumentation. Organic diodes have now been used in small probes that can measure moderate magnetic fields with 10 ppm precision.

Shinar, Joseph

2012-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

253

Optimization of Ti addition in Fe for Fe-Ti-N thin films  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this work we studied the magnetic and structural properties of Fe{sub 1-x}Ti{sub x}(x=0, 0.02, 0.05, 0.07) thin films prepared with dc-magnetron sputtering. It was found that the inter-atomic spacing increases as the amount of Ti is increased indicating that Ti is getting dissolved substitutionally in Fe lattice. We found that the addition of 5% Ti is best suited for its usage in Fe-Ti-N alloys.

Tayal, Akhil; Gupta, Mukul; Gupta, Ajay; Stahn, Jochen; Horisberger, M. [UGC-DAE Consortium for Scientific Research, University Campus, Khandwa Road, Indore, 452001 (India); Laboratory for Neutron Scattering, Paul Scherrer Institut, CH-5232 Villigen PSI (Switzerland); Laboratory for Developments and Methods, Paul Scherrer Institut, CH-5232 Villigen PSI (Switzerland)

2012-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

254

High Field Magnet R&D |Superconducting Magnet Division  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

High Field Magnet R&D High Field Magnet R&D The Superconducting Magnet Division is developing advanced magnet designs and magnet-related technologies for high field accelerator magnets. We are currently working on magnets for three inter-related programs: High Field Magnets for Muon Collider Papers, Presentations Common Coil Magnets Papers, Presentations Interaction Region Magnets Papers, Presentations High Temperature Superconductor (HTS) Magnets Papers, Presentations This is part of a multi-lab superconducting magnet development program for new accelerator facilities that would be part of the U.S. High Energy Physics program. These programs (@BNL, @FNAL, @LBNL) are quite complimentary to each other, so that magnet designs and technologies developed at one laboratory can be easily transferred to another. The BNL

255

Superhydrophobic Thin Film Symposium | ornl.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Superhydrophobic Thin Film Symposium Superhydrophobic Thin Film Symposium Sep 05 2012 12:00 AM - 05:00 PM Hosted by Oak Ridge Laboratory's Partnerships Directorate and focusing on the recent LDRD Launch project work completed by Dr. Tolga Aytug and Dr. John T. Simpson (ORNL research PI's). Oak Ridge, TN Oak Ridge National Laboratory CONTACT : Email: Cassie Lopez Phone:(865) 576-9294 Add to Calendar SHARE Hosted by Oak Ridge Laboratory's Partnerships Directorate and focusing on the recent LDRD Launch project work completed by Dr. Tolga Aytug and Dr. John T. Simpson (ORNL research PI's). Purpose To share the ORNL Superhydrophonbic Thin Film technology to prospective commercial partners. Date and Time The conference will be held on the morning of Wednesday September 5th at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) by Partnerships and Technology

256

Method for synthesizing thin film electrodes  

SciTech Connect

A method for making a thin-film electrode, either an anode or a cathode, by preparing a precursor solution using an alkoxide reactant, depositing multiple thin film layers with each layer approximately 500 1000 .ANG. in thickness, and heating the layers to above 600.degree. C. to achieve a material with electrochemical properties suitable for use in a thin film battery. The preparation of the anode precursor solution uses Sn(OCH.sub.2C(CH.sub.3).sub.3).sub.2 dissolved in a solvent in the presence of HO.sub.2CCH.sub.3 and the cathode precursor solution is formed by dissolving a mixture of (Li(OCH.sub.2C(CH.sub.3).sub.3)).sub.8 and Co(O.sub.2CCH.sub.3).H.sub.2O in at least one polar solvent.

Boyle, Timothy J. (Albuquerque, NM)

2007-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

257

Thin-film rechargeable lithium batteries  

SciTech Connect

Small thin-film rechargeable cells have been fabricated with a lithium phosphorus oxyniuide electrolyte, Li metal anode, and Li{sub 1-x}Mn{sub 2}O{sub 4} as the cathode film. The cathode films were fabricated by several different techniques resulting in both crystalline and amorphous films. These were compared by observing the cell discharge behavior. Estimates have been made for the scale-up of such a thin-film battery to meet the specifications for the electric vehicle application. The specific energy, energy density, and cycle life are expected to meet the USABC mid-term criteria. However, the areas of the thin-films needed to fabricate such a cell are very large. The required areas could be greatly reduced by operating the battery at temperatures near 100{degrees}C or by enhancing the lithium ion transport rate in the cathode material.

Dudney, N.J.; Bates, J.B.; Lubben, D.

1994-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Mesoscale morphologies in polymer thin films.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the midst of an exciting era of polymer nanoscience, where the development of materials and understanding of properties at the nanoscale remain a major R&D endeavor, there are several exciting phenomena that have been reported at the mesoscale (approximately an order of magnitude larger than the nanoscale). In this review article, we focus on mesoscale morphologies in polymer thin films from the viewpoint of origination of structure formation, structure development and the interaction forces that govern these morphologies. Mesoscale morphologies, including dendrites, holes, spherulites, fractals and honeycomb structures have been observed in thin films of homopolymer, copolymer, blends and composites. Following a largely phenomenological level of description, we review the kinetic and thermodynamic aspects of mesostructure formation outlining some of the key mechanisms at play. We also discuss various strategies to direct, limit, or inhibit the appearance of mesostructures in polymer thin films as well as an outlook toward potential areas of growth in this field of research.

Ramanathan, M.; Darling, S. B. (Center for Nanoscale Materials)

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Electrostatic thin film chemical and biological sensor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A chemical and biological agent sensor includes an electrostatic thin film supported by a substrate. The film includes an electrostatic charged surface to attract predetermined biological and chemical agents of interest. A charge collector associated with said electrostatic thin film collects charge associated with surface defects in the electrostatic film induced by the predetermined biological and chemical agents of interest. A preferred sensing system includes a charge based deep level transient spectroscopy system to read out charges from the film and match responses to data sets regarding the agents of interest. A method for sensing biological and chemical agents includes providing a thin sensing film having a predetermined electrostatic charge. The film is exposed to an environment suspected of containing the biological and chemical agents. Quantum surface effects on the film are measured. Biological and/or chemical agents can be detected, identified and quantified based on the measured quantum surface effects.

Prelas, Mark A. (Columbia, MO); Ghosh, Tushar K. (Columbia, MO); Tompson, Jr., Robert V. (Columbia, MO); Viswanath, Dabir (Columbia, MO); Loyalka, Sudarshan K. (Columbia, MO)

2010-01-19T23:59:59.000Z

260

Method for making thin polypropylene film  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An economical method is provided for making uniform thickness polypropylene film as thin as 100 Angstroms. A solution of polypropylene dissolved in xylene is formed by mixing granular polypropylene and xylene together in a flask at an elevated temperature. A substrate, such as a glass plate or microscope slide is immersed in the solution. When the glass plate is withdrawn from the solution at a uniform rate, a thin polypropylene film forms on a flat surface area of the glass plate as the result of xylene evaporation. The actual thickness of the polypropylene film is functional of the polypropylene in xylene solution concentration, and the particular withdrawal rate of the glass plate from the solution. After formation, the thin polypropylene film is floated from the glass plate onto the surface of water, from which it is picked up with a wire hoop.

Behymer, R.D.; Scholten, J.A.

1985-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "micrometer-sized magnetic thin" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Absorption Features in Spectra of Magnetized Neutron Stars  

SciTech Connect

The X-ray spectra of some magnetized isolated neutron stars (NSs) show absorption features with equivalent widths (EWs) of 50-200 eV, whose nature is not yet well known.To explain the prominent absorption features in the soft X-ray spectra of the highly magnetized (B{approx}10{sup 14} G) X-ray dim isolated NSs (XDINSs), we theoretically investigate different NS local surface models, including naked condensed iron surfaces and partially ionized hydrogen model atmospheres, with semi-infinite and thin atmospheres above the condensed surface. We also developed a code for computing light curves and integral emergent spectra of magnetized neutron stars with various temperature and magnetic field distributions over the NS surface. We compare the general properties of the computed and observed light curves and integral spectra for XDINS RBS 1223 and conclude that the observations can be explained by a thin hydrogen atmosphere above the condensed iron surface, while the presence of a strong toroidal magnetic field component on the XDINS surface is unlikely.We suggest that the harmonically spaced absorption features in the soft X-ray spectrum of the central compact object (CCO) 1E 1207.4-5209 (hereafter 1E 1207) correspond to peaks in the energy dependence of the free-free opacity in a quantizing magnetic field, known as quantum oscillations. To explore observable properties of these quantum oscillations, we calculate models of hydrogen NS atmospheres with B{approx}10{sup 10}-10{sup 11} G(i.e., electron cyclotron energy E{sub c,e}{approx}0.1-1 keV) and T{sub eff} = 1-3 MK. Such conditions are thought to be typical for 1E 1207. We show that observable features at the electron cyclotron harmonics with EWs {approx_equal}100-200 eV can arise due to these quantum oscillations.

Suleimanov, V. [Insitute for Astronomy and Astrophysics, Kepler Center for Astro and Particle Physics, Eberhard Karls University, Sand 1, 72076 Tuebingen (Germany); Kazan Federal University, Kremlevskaya str. 18, 42008 Kazan (Russian Federation); Hambaryan, V.; Neuhaeuser, R. [Astrophysikalisches Institut und Universitaets-Sternwarte Jena, Schillergaesschen 2-3, 07745 Jena (Germany); Potekhin, A. Y. [Ioffe Physical-Technical Institute, Politekhnicheskaya str., 26, St. Petersburg 194021 (Russian Federation); Pavlov, G. G. [Pennsylvania State University, 525 Davey Lab., University Park, PA 16802 (United States); Adelsberg, M. van [Kavli Institute for Theoretical Physics, Kohn Hall, University of California, Santa Barbara, CA 93106 (United States); Werner, K. [Insitute for Astronomy and Astrophysics, Kepler Center for Astro and Particle Physics, Eberhard Karls University, Sand 1, 72076 Tuebingen (Germany)

2011-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

262

Magnetic structure of Loihi Seamount, an active hotspot volcano in the Hawaiian Island chain  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The use of geophysical techniques to image the interiors of active volcanoes can provide a better understanding of their structure and plumbing. The need for such information is especially critical for undersea volcanoes, whose environment makes them difficult to investigate. Because undersea volcanoes are made up of highly magnetic basaltic rock, it is possible to use variations in the magnetic field to explore the internal structure of such edifices. This study combines magnetic survey data from 12 research cruises to make a magnetic anomaly map of volcanically active Loihi, located in the Hawaiian Island chain. NRM intensities and susceptibility measurements were measured from recovered rock samples and suggest that magnetic properties of Loihi are widely varied (NRM intensities range from 1-157 A/m and susceptibilities from 1.26 x 10-3 to 3.62 x 10-2 S.I.). The average NRM intensity is 26 A/m. The size and strength of magnetic source bodies were determined by using various modeling techniques. A strongly magnetized shield can explain most of the anomaly with a large nonmagnetic zone inside, beneath the summit. Prominent magnetic highs are located along Loihi's north and south rift zone dikes and modeling solutions suggest strongly magnetized source bodies in these areas as well as a thin, magnetic layer atop the nonmagnetic zone. The strong magnetic anomalies found along the volcano's rift zones cannot be readily attributed to recent lava flows at the surface. Instead, the source bodies must continue several kilometers in depth to give reasonable magnetization values and are interpreted as dike intrusions. Nonmagnetic anomalies at the summit and south of the summit suggest the presence of a magma system. The model solution suggests Loihi is an inhomogeneously magnetized seamount with highly magnetic dike intrusions along the rift zones with a nonmagnetic body at its center overlain with a magnetic layer.

Lamarche, Amy J.

2003-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Cool Magnetic Molecules  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cool Magnetic Molecules Cool Magnetic Molecules Cool Magnetic Molecules Print Wednesday, 25 May 2011 00:00 Certain materials are known to heat up or cool down when they are exposed to a changing magnetic field. This is known as the magnetocaloric effect. All magnetic materials exhibit this effect, but in most cases, it is too small to be technologically useful. Recently, however, the search for special molecules with a surprisingly large capacity to keep cool has heated up, driven by environmental and cost considerations as well as by recent improvements in our ability to design, assemble, and probe the structure and chemistry of small molecules. An international collaboration of researchers from Spain, Scotland, and the U.S. has utilized ALS Beamline 11.3.1 (small-molecule crystallography) to characterize the design of such "molecular coolers." The work targets the synthesis of molecular cluster compounds containing many unpaired electrons ("nanomagnets") for applications involving enhanced magnetic refrigeration at very low temperatures.

264

MAGNETIC FIELD INTENSIFICATION BY THE THREE-DIMENSIONAL 'EXPLOSION' PROCESS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We investigate an intensification mechanism for the magnetic field near the base of the solar convection zone that does not rely on differential rotation. Such mechanism in addition to differential rotation has been suggested by studies of flux emergence, which typically require field strength in excess of those provided by differential rotation alone. We study here a process in which potential energy of the superadiabatically stratified convection zone is converted into magnetic energy. This mechanism, known as the 'explosion of magnetic flux tubes', has been previously studied in thin flux tube approximation as well as two-dimensional magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) simulations; here we expand the investigation to three-dimensional MHD simulations. Our main result is that enough intensification can be achieved in a three-dimensional magnetic flux sheet as long as the spatial scale of the imposed perturbation normal to the magnetic field is sufficiently large. When this spatial scale is small, the flux sheet tends to rise toward the surface, resulting in a significant decrease of the magnetic field amplification.

Hotta, H.; Yokoyama, T. [Department of Earth and Planetary Science, University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0033 (Japan); Rempel, M., E-mail: hotta.h@eps.s.u-tokyo.ac.jp [High Altitude Observatory, National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, CO 80307 (United States)

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Thin-film Rechargeable Lithium Batteries  

DOE R&D Accomplishments (OSTI)

Thin film rechargeable lithium batteries using ceramic electrolyte and cathode materials have been fabricated by physical deposition techniques. The lithium phosphorous oxynitride electrolyte has exceptional electrochemical stability and a good lithium conductivity. The lithium insertion reaction of several different intercalation materials, amorphous V{sub 2}O{sub 5}, amorphous LiMn{sub 2}O{sub 4}, and crystalline LiMn{sub 2}O{sub 4} films, have been investigated using the completed cathode/electrolyte/lithium thin film battery.

Dudney, N. J.; Bates, J. B.; Lubben, D.

1995-06-00T23:59:59.000Z

266

Thin-film rechargeable lithium batteries  

SciTech Connect

Thin-film rechargeable lithium batteries using ceramic electrolyte and cathode materials have been fabricated by physical deposition techniques. The lithium phosphorous oxynitride electrolyte has exceptional electrochemical stability and a good lithium conductivity. The lithium insertion reaction of several different intercalation materials, amorphous V{sub 2}O{sub 5}, amorphous LiMn{sub 2}O{sub 4}, and crystalline LiMn{sub 2}O{sub 4} films, have been investigated using the completed cathode/electrolyte/lithium thin-film battery.

Dudney, N.J.; Bates, J.B.; Lubben, D. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States). Solid State Div.

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Performance tests of large thin vacuum windows  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Tests of thin composition vacuum windows of the type used for the Tagger in Hall B at the Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility are described. Three different tests have been performed. These include: (1) measurement of the deformation and durability of a window under long term (>8 years) almost continuous vacuum load, (2) measurement of the deformation as a function of flexing of the window as it is cycled between vacuum and atmosphere, and (3) measurement of the relative diffusion rate of gas through a variety of thin window membranes.

Hall Crannell

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Pulse magnetic welder  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A welder is described for automated closure of fuel pins by a pulsed magnetic process in which the open end of a length of cladding is positioned within a complementary tube surrounded by a pulsed magnetic welder. Seals are provided at each end of the tube, which can be evacuated or can receive tag gas for direct introduction to the cladding interior. Loading of magnetic rings and end caps is accomplished automatically in conjunction with the welding steps carried out within the tube.

Christiansen, D.W.; Brown, W.F.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Magnetic latching solenoid  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention discloses a D.C. magnetic latching solenoid that retains a moving armature in a first or second position by means of a pair of magnets, thereby having a zero-power requirement after actuation. The first or second position is selected by reversing the polarity of the D.C. voltage which is enough to overcome the holding power of either magnet and transfer the armature to an opposite position. The coil is then de-energized.

Marts, Donna J. (Idaho Falls, ID); Richardson, John G. (Idaho Falls, ID); Albano, Richard K. (Idaho Falls, ID); Morrison, Jr., John L. (Idaho Falls, ID)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Magnetically leviated superconducting bearing  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A magnetically levitated superconducting bearing includes a magnet (2) mounted on a shaft (12) that is rotatable around an axis of rotation and a Type II superconductor (6) supported on a stator (14) in proximity to the magnet (2). The superconductor (6) is positioned so that when it is cooled to its superconducting state in the presence of a magnetic field, it interacts with the magnet (2) to produce an attractive force that levitates the magnet (2) and supports a load on the shaft (12). The interaction between the superconductor (6) and magnet(2) also produces surface screening currents (8) that generate a repulsive force perpendicular to the load. The bearing also has means for maintaining the superconductor at a temperature below its critical temperature (16, 18). The bearing could also be constructed so the magnet (2) is supported on the stator (14) and the superconductor (6) is mounted on the shaft (12). The bearing can be operated by cooling the superconductor (6) to its superconducting state in the presence of a magnetic field.

Weinberger, Bernard R. (Avon, CT); Lynds, Jr., Lahmer (Glastonbury, CT)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Nanostructrured Magnetic Materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Aug 8, 2013 ... The demand for OFF-ON becomes increasingly important as ... The residual magnetic flux density and maximum energy product of the...

272

Rare Earth Magnets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mar 6, 2013 ... Performance and Endurance of Nd-Fe-B Sintered Magnets in E-Motor Application Conditions: Martina Moore1; Ralph Sueptitz1; Margitta...

273

Rare Earth Magnets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Aug 8, 2013 ... Current high performance permanent magnets (PM) for traction motors of (hybrid) electric vehicles use substantial amount of Dy in Nd-Fe-B...

274

Magnetic Materials and Properties  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Aug 5, 2013 ... Following vacuum distillation of the Mg-RE alloy, 98% pure RE metals can be recovered, which are then used to synthesize permanent magnet...

275

Magnetism Highlights| Neutron Science | ORNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Magnetism Magnetism SHARE Magnetism Highlights 1-5 of 5 Results ARCS maps collaborative magnetic spin behavior in iron telluride December 01, 2011 - Researchers have long thought that magnetism and superconductivity are mutually exclusive. The former typically involves localized atomic electrons. The latter requires freely propagating, itinerant electrons. Unexpected Magnetic Excitations in Doped Insulator Surprise Researchers October 01, 2011 - When doping a disordered magnetic insulator material with atoms of a nonmagnetic material, the conventional wisdom is that the magnetic interactions between the magnetic ions in the material will be weakened. Neutron Analysis Reveals Unique Atomic-Scale Behavior of "Cobalt Blue" September 01, 2011 - Neutron scattering studies of "cobalt blue," a

276

BEPC-II Magnet Project | Superconducting Magnet Division  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

BEPC-II Magnet Project BEPC-II Magnet Project Project Overview The BEPC-II magnets are Interaction Region magnets to be used as part of an upgrade to the Beijing Electron Positron Collider. Two magnets will be produced, both of which will be inserted within the solenoidal detector at one of the collision points. Since the best use of the quadrupole focusing in this case requires placing the magnet as close to the collision point as possible, these magnets will be used within the magnetic field of the detector. This constrains the materials that can be used for construction to only non-magnetic materials. It also places severe demands on the structure of the magnet and it's holding supports due to the reaction forces between the solenoid and the magnet. To create the coil pattern for the final magnet, the coils will be

277

X-Ray Imaging Current-Driven Magnetic Domain-Wall Motion in Nanowires  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

X-Ray Imaging Current-Driven Magnetic Domain-Wall Motion in Nanowires Print X-Ray Imaging Current-Driven Magnetic Domain-Wall Motion in Nanowires Print The quest to increase both computer data-storage density and the speed at which one can read and write the information remains unconsummated. One novel concept is based on the use of a local electric current to push magnetic domain walls along a thin nanowire. A German, Korean, Berkeley Lab team has used the x-ray microscope XM-1 at the ALS to demonstrate that magnetic domain walls in curved permalloy nanowires can be moved at high speed by injecting nanosecond pulses of spin-polarized currents into the wires, but the motion is largely stochastic. This result will have an impact on the current development of magnetic storage devices in which data is moved electronically rather than mechanically as in computer disk drives.

278

X-Ray Imaging Current-Driven Magnetic Domain-Wall Motion in Nanowires  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

X-Ray Imaging Current-Driven Magnetic Domain-Wall Motion in Nanowires Print X-Ray Imaging Current-Driven Magnetic Domain-Wall Motion in Nanowires Print The quest to increase both computer data-storage density and the speed at which one can read and write the information remains unconsummated. One novel concept is based on the use of a local electric current to push magnetic domain walls along a thin nanowire. A German, Korean, Berkeley Lab team has used the x-ray microscope XM-1 at the ALS to demonstrate that magnetic domain walls in curved permalloy nanowires can be moved at high speed by injecting nanosecond pulses of spin-polarized currents into the wires, but the motion is largely stochastic. This result will have an impact on the current development of magnetic storage devices in which data is moved electronically rather than mechanically as in computer disk drives.

279

X-Ray Imaging Current-Driven Magnetic Domain-Wall Motion in Nanowires  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

X-Ray Imaging Current-Driven Magnetic Domain-Wall Motion in Nanowires Print X-Ray Imaging Current-Driven Magnetic Domain-Wall Motion in Nanowires Print The quest to increase both computer data-storage density and the speed at which one can read and write the information remains unconsummated. One novel concept is based on the use of a local electric current to push magnetic domain walls along a thin nanowire. A German, Korean, Berkeley Lab team has used the x-ray microscope XM-1 at the ALS to demonstrate that magnetic domain walls in curved permalloy nanowires can be moved at high speed by injecting nanosecond pulses of spin-polarized currents into the wires, but the motion is largely stochastic. This result will have an impact on the current development of magnetic storage devices in which data is moved electronically rather than mechanically as in computer disk drives.

280

X-Ray Imaging Current-Driven Magnetic Domain-Wall Motion in Nanowires  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

X-Ray Imaging Current-Driven Magnetic Domain-Wall Motion in Nanowires Print X-Ray Imaging Current-Driven Magnetic Domain-Wall Motion in Nanowires Print The quest to increase both computer data-storage density and the speed at which one can read and write the information remains unconsummated. One novel concept is based on the use of a local electric current to push magnetic domain walls along a thin nanowire. A German, Korean, Berkeley Lab team has used the x-ray microscope XM-1 at the ALS to demonstrate that magnetic domain walls in curved permalloy nanowires can be moved at high speed by injecting nanosecond pulses of spin-polarized currents into the wires, but the motion is largely stochastic. This result will have an impact on the current development of magnetic storage devices in which data is moved electronically rather than mechanically as in computer disk drives.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "micrometer-sized magnetic thin" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

X-Ray Imaging Current-Driven Magnetic Domain-Wall Motion in Nanowires  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

X-Ray Imaging Current-Driven Magnetic Domain-Wall Motion in Nanowires Print X-Ray Imaging Current-Driven Magnetic Domain-Wall Motion in Nanowires Print The quest to increase both computer data-storage density and the speed at which one can read and write the information remains unconsummated. One novel concept is based on the use of a local electric current to push magnetic domain walls along a thin nanowire. A German, Korean, Berkeley Lab team has used the x-ray microscope XM-1 at the ALS to demonstrate that magnetic domain walls in curved permalloy nanowires can be moved at high speed by injecting nanosecond pulses of spin-polarized currents into the wires, but the motion is largely stochastic. This result will have an impact on the current development of magnetic storage devices in which data is moved electronically rather than mechanically as in computer disk drives.

282

Method Of Transferring A Thin Crystalline Semiconductor Layer  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Method Of Transferring A Thin Crystalline Semiconductor Layer Method Of Transferring A Thin Crystalline Semiconductor Layer Method Of Transferring A Thin Crystalline Semiconductor Layer A method for transferring a thin semiconductor layer from one substrate to another substrate involves depositing a thin epitaxial monocrystalline semiconductor layer on a substrate having surface contaminants. Available for thumbnail of Feynman Center (505) 665-9090 Email Method Of Transferring A Thin Crystalline Semiconductor Layer A method for transferring a thin semiconductor layer from one substrate to another substrate involves depositing a thin epitaxial monocrystalline semiconductor layer on a substrate having surface contaminants. An interface that includes the contaminants is formed in between the deposited layer and the substrate. Hydrogen atoms are introduced into the structure

283

SAW determination of surface area of thin films  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

N.sub.2 adsorption isotherms are measured from thin films on SAW devices. The isotherms may be used to determine the surface area and pore size distribution of thin films.

Frye, Gregory C. (Albuquerque, NM); Martin, Stephen J. (Albuquerque, NM); Ricco, Antonio J. (Albuquerque, NM)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Material Shielding of Power Frequency Magnetic Fields: Research and Testing Results from the EPRI Power Delivery Center -- Lenox  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Magnetic fields from power lines and other electrical facilities can interfere with sensitive electronic equipment such as computers, electron microscopes, medical diagnostic and monitoring equipment, and air traffic control displays. Shields can be designed to reduce the magnetic field strength in the areas of interest, but attention must be given to certain aspects of shield design. This report deals with three aspects of practical shield construction: flat sheet dimensions, joining sheets, and thin co...

1998-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

285

Solar photovoltaic technology: The thin film option  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Photovoltaics (PV) the direct conversion of sunlight to electricity was first discovered by scientists at the Bell Labs in 1954. In the late 1960's and 1970's most of the solar cell technology has been used for space applications to power satellites. The main work horse for the PV technology has been crystalline silicon (Si) solar cells. Over the past 15 years this has led to cost reduction from $35/kWh to about $0.30/kWh at the present time. Demonstrated reliability of 20 years or more has resulted in acceptance by several utilities. However, cost reductions in crystalline Si solar cells have been limited by the cost of wafering of ingots and the attendant loss of material. A number of Si sheet solar cells are also being investigated. In the past decade the emphasis of the research and development effort has been focused on thin film solar cells, which have the potential for generating power at much lower cost of $1-2/Wp. Thin film solar cells that are presently being investigated and are generating global attention are: amorphous silicon (a-Si:H), cadmium telluride (CdTe), and copper indium diselenide (CuInSe/sub 2,/ or CIS). In the past few years, considerable progress has been; made by all three of these thin film solar cells. This paper reviews the current status and future potential of these exiting thin film solar cell technologies.

Ullal, H.S.; Zweibel, K.; Sabisky, E.S.; Surek, T.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Miniature supercapacitors based on nanocomposite thin films  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper reports on the development of a miniature supercapacitor for portable applications such as mobile and wearable energy storage. In a primary embodiment, the developed supercapacitor consists of two flexible electrodes fabricated on thin metal ... Keywords: Carbon nanotubes, Energy storage, Nanocomposite, Supercapacitor

L. Jiang, M. Vangari, T. Pryor, Z. Xiao, N. S. Korivi

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Method of producing thin cellulose nitrate film  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An improved method for forming a thin nitrocellulose film of reproducible thickness is described. The film is a cellulose nitrate film, 10 to 20 microns in thickness, cast from a solution of cellulose nitrate in tetrahydrofuran, said solution containing from 7 to 15 percent, by weight, of dioctyl phthalate, said cellulose nitrate having a nitrogen content of from 10 to 13 percent.

Lupica, S.B.

1975-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

288

Using in Situ Thin Film Stress Measurements to Understand ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Symposium, Nanostructured Materials for Lithium Ion Batteries and for Supercapacitors. Presentation Title, Using in Situ Thin Film Stress Measurements to...

289

Synthesis and Characterization of Plasma Polymerized Thin Films ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Synthesis and Characterization of Plasma Polymerized Thin Films Deposited from Benzene and Hexamethyldisiloxane Using (PECVD)...

290

Fracture and Delamination in Thin Film Si Electrodes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Symposium, Nanostructured Materials for Lithium Ion Batteries and for Supercapacitors. Presentation Title, Fracture and Delamination in Thin Film Si Electrodes.

291

The effects of strain on carrier transport in thin and ultra-thin SOI MOSFETs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Thin-body MOSFET geometries such as fully-depleted SOI and double-gate devices are attractive because they can offer superior scaling properties compared to bulk and thick-body SOI devices. The electrostatics of a MOSFET ...

Lauer, Isaac, 1976-

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Passive magnetic bearing configurations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A journal bearing provides vertical and radial stability to a rotor of a passive magnetic bearing system when the rotor is not rotating and when it is rotating. In the passive magnetic bearing system, the rotor has a vertical axis of rotation. Without the journal bearing, the rotor is vertically and radially unstable when stationary, and is vertically stable and radially unstable when rotating.

Post, Richard F. (Walnut Creek, CA)

2011-01-25T23:59:59.000Z

293

EXOTIC MAGNETS FOR ACCELERATORS.  

SciTech Connect

Over the last few years, several novel magnet designs have been introduced to meet the requirements of new, high performance accelerators and beam lines. For example, the FAIR project at GSI requires superconducting magnets ramped at high rates ({approx} 4 T/s) in order to achieve the design intensity. Magnets for the RIA and FAIR projects and for the next generation of LHC interaction regions will need to withstand high doses of radiation. Helical magnets are required to maintain and control the polarization of high energy protons at RHIC. In other cases, novel magnets have been designed in response to limited budgets and space. For example, it is planned to use combined function superconducting magnets for the 50 GeV proton transport line at J-PARC to satisfy both budget and performance requirements. Novel coil winding methods have been developed for short, large aperture magnets such as those used in the insertion region upgrade at BEPC. This paper will highlight the novel features of these exotic magnets.

WANDERER, P.

2005-09-18T23:59:59.000Z

294

NANO-INDENTATION OF COPPER THIN FILMS ON SILICON SUBSTRATES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

NANO-INDENTATION OF COPPER THIN FILMS ON SILICON SUBSTRATES S. Suresh1 , T.-G. Nieh2 and B.W. Choi2: Mechanical properties; Nano-indentation; Thin films; Copper; Dislocations Introduction Indentation methods films on substrates (e.g., [2,3]) using instrumented indentation. Nano-indentation studies of thin films

Suresh, Subra

295

Magnetization of neutron star matter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The magnetization of neutron star matter in magnetic fields is studied by employing the FSUGold interaction. It is found that the magnetic susceptibilities of the charged particles (proton, electron and muon) can be larger than that of neutron. The effects of the anomalous magnetic moments (AMM) of each component on the magnetic susceptibility are examined in detail. It is found that the proton and electron AMM affect their respective magnetic susceptibility evidently in strong magnetic fields. In addition, they are the protons instead of the electrons that contribute most significantly to the magnetization of the neutron star matter in a relative weak magnetic field, and the induced magnetic field due to the magnetization can be appear to be very large. Finally, the effect of the density-dependent symmetry energy on the magnetization is discussed.

Dong, Jianmin; Gu, Jianzhong

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Cool Magnetic Molecules  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cool Magnetic Molecules Print Cool Magnetic Molecules Print Certain materials are known to heat up or cool down when they are exposed to a changing magnetic field. This is known as the magnetocaloric effect. All magnetic materials exhibit this effect, but in most cases, it is too small to be technologically useful. Recently, however, the search for special molecules with a surprisingly large capacity to keep cool has heated up, driven by environmental and cost considerations as well as by recent improvements in our ability to design, assemble, and probe the structure and chemistry of small molecules. An international collaboration of researchers from Spain, Scotland, and the U.S. has utilized ALS Beamline 11.3.1 (small-molecule crystallography) to characterize the design of such "molecular coolers." The work targets the synthesis of molecular cluster compounds containing many unpaired electrons ("nanomagnets") for applications involving enhanced magnetic refrigeration at very low temperatures.

297

Superconducting Magnet Division  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3 - 6/13/06 3 - 6/13/06 Superconducting Magnet Division S&T Committee Program Review June 22-23, 2006 Conference Room A, Bldg. 725, BNL DRAFT AGENDA Thursday, June 22 0830 Executive Session to address the charge S. Aronson (25 min) 0855 Welcome S. Aronson (5 min) 0900 Superconducting Magnet Division Status & M. Harrison (45 + 15 min) Issues - mission statement, core competencies, themes, program, problems, etc. 1000 Themes - Nb3Sn, HTS, Direct wind, Accelerator integration, P. Wanderer (20 + 10 min) rapid cycling Core Competencies 1030 Superconducting Materials A. Ghosh (20 + 5 min) 1055 Break 1110 Magnetic Design R. Gupta (20 + 5 min) 1135 Magnet Construction M. Anerella (20 + 5 min) 1200 Magnet Testing G. Ganetis (20 + 5 min)

298

Cool Magnetic Molecules  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cool Magnetic Molecules Print Cool Magnetic Molecules Print Certain materials are known to heat up or cool down when they are exposed to a changing magnetic field. This is known as the magnetocaloric effect. All magnetic materials exhibit this effect, but in most cases, it is too small to be technologically useful. Recently, however, the search for special molecules with a surprisingly large capacity to keep cool has heated up, driven by environmental and cost considerations as well as by recent improvements in our ability to design, assemble, and probe the structure and chemistry of small molecules. An international collaboration of researchers from Spain, Scotland, and the U.S. has utilized ALS Beamline 11.3.1 (small-molecule crystallography) to characterize the design of such "molecular coolers." The work targets the synthesis of molecular cluster compounds containing many unpaired electrons ("nanomagnets") for applications involving enhanced magnetic refrigeration at very low temperatures.

299

Cool Magnetic Molecules  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cool Magnetic Molecules Print Cool Magnetic Molecules Print Certain materials are known to heat up or cool down when they are exposed to a changing magnetic field. This is known as the magnetocaloric effect. All magnetic materials exhibit this effect, but in most cases, it is too small to be technologically useful. Recently, however, the search for special molecules with a surprisingly large capacity to keep cool has heated up, driven by environmental and cost considerations as well as by recent improvements in our ability to design, assemble, and probe the structure and chemistry of small molecules. An international collaboration of researchers from Spain, Scotland, and the U.S. has utilized ALS Beamline 11.3.1 (small-molecule crystallography) to characterize the design of such "molecular coolers." The work targets the synthesis of molecular cluster compounds containing many unpaired electrons ("nanomagnets") for applications involving enhanced magnetic refrigeration at very low temperatures.

300

Cool Magnetic Molecules  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cool Magnetic Molecules Print Cool Magnetic Molecules Print Certain materials are known to heat up or cool down when they are exposed to a changing magnetic field. This is known as the magnetocaloric effect. All magnetic materials exhibit this effect, but in most cases, it is too small to be technologically useful. Recently, however, the search for special molecules with a surprisingly large capacity to keep cool has heated up, driven by environmental and cost considerations as well as by recent improvements in our ability to design, assemble, and probe the structure and chemistry of small molecules. An international collaboration of researchers from Spain, Scotland, and the U.S. has utilized ALS Beamline 11.3.1 (small-molecule crystallography) to characterize the design of such "molecular coolers." The work targets the synthesis of molecular cluster compounds containing many unpaired electrons ("nanomagnets") for applications involving enhanced magnetic refrigeration at very low temperatures.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "micrometer-sized magnetic thin" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Cool Magnetic Molecules  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cool Magnetic Molecules Print Cool Magnetic Molecules Print Certain materials are known to heat up or cool down when they are exposed to a changing magnetic field. This is known as the magnetocaloric effect. All magnetic materials exhibit this effect, but in most cases, it is too small to be technologically useful. Recently, however, the search for special molecules with a surprisingly large capacity to keep cool has heated up, driven by environmental and cost considerations as well as by recent improvements in our ability to design, assemble, and probe the structure and chemistry of small molecules. An international collaboration of researchers from Spain, Scotland, and the U.S. has utilized ALS Beamline 11.3.1 (small-molecule crystallography) to characterize the design of such "molecular coolers." The work targets the synthesis of molecular cluster compounds containing many unpaired electrons ("nanomagnets") for applications involving enhanced magnetic refrigeration at very low temperatures.

302

Magnet pole tips  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An improved magnet which more easily provides a radially increasing magnetic field, as well as reduced fringe field and requires less power for a given field intensity. The subject invention comprises a pair of spaced, opposed magnetic poles which further comprise a pair of pole roots, each having a pole tip attached to its center. The pole tips define the gap between the magnetic poles and at least a portion of each pole tip is separated from its associated pole root. The separation begins at a predetermined distance from the center of the pole root and increases with increasing radial distance while being constant with azimuth within that portion. Magnets in accordance with the subject invention have been found to be particularly advantageous for use in large isochronous cyclotrons.

Thorn, Craig E. (Wading River, NY); Chasman, Chellis (Setauket, NY); Baltz, Anthony J. (Coram, NY)

1984-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

303

Magnet pole tips  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An improved magnet more easily provides a radially increasing magnetic field, as well as reduced fringe field and requires less power for a given field intensity. The subject invention comprises a pair of spaced, opposed magnetic poles which further comprise a pair of pole roots, each having a pole tip attached to its center. The pole tips define the gap between the magnetic poles and at least a portion of each pole tip is separated from its associated pole root. The separation begins at a predetermined distance from the center of the pole root and increases with increasing radial distance while being constant with azimuth within that portion. Magnets in accordance with the subject invention have been found to be particularly advantageous for use in large isochronous cyclotrons.

Thorn, C.E.; Chasman, C.; Baltz, A.J.

1981-11-19T23:59:59.000Z

304

Focused ion beam patterned Fe thin films A study by selective area Stokes polarimetry and soft x-Ray microscopy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We demonstrate the potential to modify the magnetic behavior and structural properties of ferromagnetic thin films using focused ion beam 'direct-write' lithography. Patterns inspired by the split-ring resonators often used as components in meta-materials were defined upon 15 nm Fe films using a 30 keV Ga{sup +} focused ion beam at a dose of 2 x 10{sup 16} ions cm{sup -2}. Structural, chemical and magnetic changes to the Fe were studied using transmission soft X-ray microscopy at the ALS, Berkeley CA. X-ray absorption spectra showed a 23% reduction in the thickness of the film in the Ga irradiated areas, but no chemical change to the Fe was evident. X-ray images of the magnetic reversal process show domain wall pinning around the implanted areas, resulting in an overall increase in the coercivity of the film. Transmission electron microscopy showed significant grain growth in the implanted regions.

Cook, P. J.; Shen, T. H.; Grundy, P. J.; Im, M.-Y.; Fischer, P.; Morton, S. A.; Kilcoyne, A. L. D.

2010-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

305

Permanent Magnets for Energy Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mar 13, 2012 ... Magnetic Materials for Energy Applications II: Permanent Magnets for ... to 500% in the last 12 months, the most unstable being the price of Dy.

306

Experiment Hazard Class 9 - Magnets  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

hazard classification applies to all experiments involving magnets, magnetic fields, and electric fields. Other hazard classifications such as electrical safety and their...

307

Nanostructured Materials for Magnetic Refrigeration  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... of Nd-Fe-B Magnets to the Megawatt Scale Generator for the Wind Turbine ... Low Loss, High Power Density Magnetics in Inductor/Transformer Cores for Army ...

308

Search Publications | Superconducting Magnet Division  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Rapid Cycling Magnets Helical Magnets HERA upgrade LHC IR Dipoles RHIC Publications Search Publications Selected Cryogenic Data Notebook Proceedings of the 1968 Summer Study on...

309

Oxygen off-stoichiometry and phase separation in EuO thin films  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We report on our study on the influence of the growth conditions on the europium/oxygen stoichiometry, morphology, magnetic properties, and electrical conductivity of EuO thin films. SQUID magnetometry and x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy were utilized as complementary techniques to determine the oxygen content of EuO{sub 1{+-}x} thin films grown by molecular beam epitaxy with and without the employment of the so-called Eu distillation process. We found indications for phase separation to occur in Eu-rich as well as in over-oxidized EuO for films grown at substrate temperatures below the Eu distillation temperature. Only a fraction of the excess Eu contributes to the metal-insulator transition in Eu-rich films grown under these conditions. We also observed that the surfaces of these films were ill defined and may even contain more Eu excess than the film average. Only EuO films grown under distillation conditions are guaranteed to have the same magnetic and electrical properties as stoichiometric bulk EuO, and to have surfaces with the proper Eu/O stoichiometry and electronic structure.

Altendorf, S. G.; Efimenko, A.; Oliana, V. [II. Physikalisches Institut, Universitaet zu Koeln, Zuelpicher Str. 77, DE-50937 Koeln (Germany); Max Planck Institute for Chemical Physics of Solids, Noethnitzerstr. 40, DE-01187 Dresden (Germany); Kierspel, H. [II. Physikalisches Institut, Universitaet zu Koeln, Zuelpicher Str. 77, DE-50937 Koeln (Germany); Rata, A. D.; Tjeng, L. H. [Max Planck Institute for Chemical Physics of Solids, Noethnitzerstr. 40, DE-01187 Dresden (Germany)

2011-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

310

Improving the performance of the organic thin-film transistors with thin insulating lithium fluoride buffer layer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The pentacene-based organic thin-film transistors (OTFTs) with a thin insulating lithium fluoride (LiF) buffer layer between the pentacene and source/drain electrodes were fabricated. Compared with conventional OTFTs, the introduction of the buffer layer ... Keywords: OTFT, Organic thin-film transistor, Pentacene

Wei Hu; Yi Zhao; Jingying Hou; Chunsheng Ma; Shiyong Liu

2007-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Magnetically Driven Accretion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We carried out 2.5-dimensional resistive magnetohydrodynamic simulations to study the effects of magnetic diffusivity on magnetically driven mass accretion and jet formation. The initial state is a constant angular-momentum torus threaded by large-scale vertical magnetic fields. Since the angular momentum of the torus is extracted due to magnetic braking, the torus medium falls toward the central region. The infalling matter twists the large-scale magnetic fields and drives bipolar jets. We found that (1) when the normalized magnetic diffusivity, ? ? ?/(r0VK0), where VK0 is the Keplerian rotation speed at a reference radius r = r0, is small (? ? 10 ?3), mass accretion and jet formation take place intermittently; (2) when 10 ?3 ? ? ? 10 ?2, the system evolves toward a quasi-steady state; and (3) when ? ? 10 ?2 the accretion/mass 1 outflow rate decreases with ? and approaches 0. The results of these simulations indicate that in the center of a galaxy which has a super-massive ( ? 10 9 M?) black hole, a massive ( ? 10 8 M?) gas torus and magnetic braking provide a mass accretion rate which is sufficient to explain the activity of AGNs when ? ? 5 10?2.

Takuhito Kuwabara; Kazunari Shibata; Takahiro Kudoh

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Recent progress in nanostructured multiferroic Bi{sub 2}FeCrO{sub 6} thin films  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We report the latest progress on the growth and characterization of Bi{sub 2}FeCrO{sub 6} (BFCO), a recently discovered multiferroic system. BFCO thin films and nanostructures exhibit exceptional multiferroic properties at room temperature. The growth of pure BFCO thin films on STO substrates is possible only in a narrow window of deposition parameters (i.e., Oxygen pressure pO{sub 2}=1.2 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup -2} mbar and around a substrate temperature T{sub S}=680 Degree-Sign C). The epitaxial growth stabilizes the metastable single phase of this material and promotes the Fe/Cr cation ordering in both thin films and nanostructures. This cationic ordering which is responsible for good magnetic properties of BFCO is also at the origin of pronounced photovoltaic (PV) properties observed in the epitaxial films grown on STO substrates. The results indicate that the ferroelectric polarization plays a dominant role in the observed PV effect. - Graphical abstract: (Top) Crystal structure of BFCO thin films deposited on (1 1 1)-oriented SrTiO3:Nb substrates and direct evidence of the presence of cationic ordering Fe/Cr in the films. (Bottom) Control of the crystal orientation and the shape of the epitaxial nanostructures by the orientation of the niobium-doped STO substrates. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Growth optimization of Bi{sub 2}FeCrO{sub 6} (BFCO) thin films and nanostructures by pulsed laser deposition. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Ordered BFCO single phase have been stabilized by epitaxial strain. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Arbitrary patterns of heteroepitaxial multiferroic BFCO nanostructures have been fabricated by PLD combined with nanostenciling. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Experimental characterizations revealed the excellent multiferroic character of BFCO thin films and nanostructures. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Unprecedentedly high power conversion efficiency for ferroelectrics was observed in 125 nm-thick highly ordered BFCO films.Graphical abstract legend.

Nechache, Riad, E-mail: Nechache@emt.inrs.ca [NAST Center and Department of Chemical Science and Technology, University of Rome Tor Vergata Via della Ricerca Sceintifica 1, 00133 Rome Italy (Italy); Centre Energie, Materiaux et Telecommunications, INRS, 1650, boulevard Lionel-Boulet, Varennes, Quebec J3x 1S2 (Canada); Rosei, Federico, E-mail: rosei@emt.inrs.ca [Centre Energie, Materiaux et Telecommunications, INRS, 1650, boulevard Lionel-Boulet, Varennes, Quebec J3x 1S2 (Canada)

2012-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

313

Magnetic field generator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A magnetic field generating device provides a useful magnetic field within a specific retgion, while keeping nearby surrounding regions virtually field free. By placing an appropriate current density along a flux line of the source, the stray field effects of the generator may be contained. One current carrying structure may support a truncated cosine distribution, and it may be surrounded by a current structure which follows a flux line that would occur in a full coaxial double cosine distribution. Strong magnetic fields may be generated and contained using superconducting cables to approximate required current surfaces.

Krienin, Frank (Shoreham, NY)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Moment free toroidal magnet  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A toroidal magnet for confining a high magnetic field for use in fusion reactor research and nuclear particle detection. The magnet includes a series of conductor elements arranged about and fixed at its small major radius portion to the outer surface of a central cylindrical support each conductor element having a geometry such as to maintain the conductor elements in pure tension when a high current flows therein, and a support assembly which redistributes all or part of the tension which would otherwise arise in the small major radius portion of each coil element to the large major radius portion thereof.

Bonanos, Peter (East Brunswick, NJ)

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Photovoltaic Polycrystalline Thin-Film Cell Basics | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Polycrystalline Thin-Film Cell Basics Polycrystalline Thin-Film Cell Basics Photovoltaic Polycrystalline Thin-Film Cell Basics August 20, 2013 - 2:36pm Addthis Polycrystalline thin-film cells are made of many tiny crystalline grains of semiconductor materials. The materials used in these cells have properties that are different from those of silicon. Thin-film cells have many advantages over their thick-film counterparts. For example, they use much less material. The cell's active area is usually only 1 to 10 micrometers thick, whereas thick films typically are 100 to 300 micrometers thick. Also, thin-film cells can usually be manufactured in a large-area process, which can be an automated, continuous production process. Finally, they can be deposited on flexible substrate materials. The term thin film comes from the method used to deposit the film, not from

316

Permanent magnet energy conversion machine with magnet mounting arrangement  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A hybrid permanent magnet dc motor includes three sets of permanent magnets supported by the rotor and three sets of corresponding stators fastened to the surrounding frame. One set of magnets operates across a radial gap with a surrounding radial gap stator, and the other two sets of magnets operate off the respective ends of the rotor across respective axial gaps.

Hsu, John S. (Oak Ridge, TN); Adams, Donald J. (Knoxville, TN)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Kinetic models of current sheets with a sheared magnetic field  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Thin current sheets, whose existence in the Earth's magnetotail is confirmed by numerous spacecraft measurements, are studied analytically and numerically. The thickness of such sheets is on the order of the ion Larmor radius, and the normal component of the magnetic field (B{sub z}) in the sheet is almost constant, while the tangential (B{sub x}) and shear (B{sub y}) components depend on the transverse coordinate z. The current density in the sheet also has two self-consistent components (j{sub x} and j{sub y}, respectively), and the magnetic field lines are deformed and do not lie in a single plane. To study such quasi-one-dimensional current configurations, two kinetic models are used, in particular, a numerical model based on the particle-in-cell method and an analytical model. The calculated results show that two different modes of the self-consistent shear magnetic field B{sub y} and, accordingly, two thin current sheet configurations can exist for the same input parameters. For the mode with an antisymmetric z profile of the B{sub y} component, the magnetic field lines within the sheet are twisted, whereas the profiles of the plasma density, current density component j{sub y}, and magnetic field component B{sub x} differ slightly from those in the case of a shearless magnetic field (B{sub y} = 0). For the symmetric B{sub y} mode, the magnetic field lines lie in a curved surface. In this case, the plasma density in the sheet varies slightly and the current sheet is two times thicker. Analysis of the dependence of the current sheet structure on the flow anisotropy shows that the sheet thickness decreases significantly with decreasing ratio between the thermal and drift plasma velocities, which is caused by the dynamics of quasi-adiabatic ions. It is shown that the results of the analytical and numerical models are in good agreement. The problems of application of these models to describe current sheets at the magnetopause and near magnetic reconnection regions are discussed.

Mingalev, O. V.; Mingalev, I. V.; Mel'nik, M. N. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Polar Geophysical Institute, Cola Science Center (Russian Federation); Artemyev, A. V.; Malova, H. V.; Popov, V. Yu. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Space Research Institute (Russian Federation); Chao, Shen [Chinese Academy of Sciences, Center for Space Science and Applied Research (China); Zelenyi, L. M. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Space Research Institute (Russian Federation)

2012-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

318

Thin Silicon MEMS Contact-Stress Sensor  

SciTech Connect

This thin, MEMS contact-stress (CS) sensor continuously and accurately measures time-varying, solid interface loads in embedded systems over tens of thousands of load cycles. Unlike all other interface load sensors, the CS sensor is extremely thin (< 150 {micro}m), provides accurate, high-speed measurements, and exhibits good stability over time with no loss of calibration with load cycling. The silicon CS sensor, 5 mm{sup 2} and 65 {micro}m thick, has piezoresistive traces doped within a load-sensitive diaphragm. The novel package utilizes several layers of flexible polyimide to mechanically and electrically isolate the sensor from the environment, transmit normal applied loads to the diaphragm, and maintain uniform thickness. The CS sensors have a highly linear output in the load range tested (0-2.4 MPa) with an average accuracy of {+-} 1.5%.

Kotovsky, J; Tooker, A; Horsley, D

2010-03-22T23:59:59.000Z

319

Polycrystalline thin films FY 1992 project report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report summarizes the activities and results of the Polycrystalline Thin Film Project during FY 1992. The purpose of the DOE/NREL PV (photovoltaic) Program is to facilitate the development of PV that can be used on a large enough scale to produce a significant amount of energy in the US and worldwide. The PV technologies under the Polycrystalline Thin Film project are among the most exciting next-generation'' options for achieving this goal. Over the last 15 years, cell-level progress has been steady, with laboratory cell efficiencies reaching levels of 15 to 16%. This progress, combined with potentially inexpensive manufacturing methods, has attracted significant commercial interest from US and international companies. The NREL/DOE program is designed to support the efforts of US companies through cost-shared subcontracts (called government/industry partnerships'') that we manage and fund and through collaborative technology development work among industry, universities, and our laboratory.

Zweibel, K. (ed.)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Polycrystalline thin films FY 1992 project report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report summarizes the activities and results of the Polycrystalline Thin Film Project during FY 1992. The purpose of the DOE/NREL PV (photovoltaic) Program is to facilitate the development of PV that can be used on a large enough scale to produce a significant amount of energy in the US and worldwide. The PV technologies under the Polycrystalline Thin Film project are among the most exciting ``next-generation`` options for achieving this goal. Over the last 15 years, cell-level progress has been steady, with laboratory cell efficiencies reaching levels of 15 to 16%. This progress, combined with potentially inexpensive manufacturing methods, has attracted significant commercial interest from US and international companies. The NREL/DOE program is designed to support the efforts of US companies through cost-shared subcontracts (called ``government/industry partnerships``) that we manage and fund and through collaborative technology development work among industry, universities, and our laboratory.

Zweibel, K. [ed.

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "micrometer-sized magnetic thin" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Thin film photovoltaic panel and method  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A thin film photovoltaic panel includes a backcap for protecting the active components of the photovoltaic cells from adverse environmental elements. A spacing between the backcap and a top electrode layer is preferably filled with a desiccant to further reduce water vapor contamination of the environment surrounding the photovoltaic cells. The contamination of the spacing between the backcap and the cells may be further reduced by passing a selected gas through the spacing subsequent to sealing the backcap to the base of the photovoltaic panels, and once purged this spacing may be filled with an inert gas. The techniques of the present invention are preferably applied to thin film photovoltaic panels each formed from a plurality of photovoltaic cells arranged on a vitreous substrate. The stability of photovoltaic conversion efficiency remains relatively high during the life of the photovoltaic panel, and the cost of manufacturing highly efficient panels with such improved stability is significantly reduced.

Ackerman, Bruce (El Paso, TX); Albright, Scot P. (El Paso, TX); Jordan, John F. (El Paso, TX)

1991-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

322

Method of casting silicon into thin sheets  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Silicon (Si) is cast into thin shapes within a flat-bottomed graphite crucible by providing a melt of molten Si along with a relatively small amount of a molten salt, preferably NaF. The Si in the resulting melt forms a spherical pool which sinks into and is wetted by the molten salt. Under these conditions the Si will not react with any graphite to form SiC. The melt in the crucible is pressed to the desired thinness with a graphite tool at which point the tool is held until the mass in the crucible has been cooled to temperatures below the Si melting point, at which point the Si shape can be removed.

Sanjurjo, Angel (San Jose, CA); Rowcliffe, David J. (Los Altos, CA); Bartlett, Robert W. (Tucson, AZ)

1982-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

323

Thin-film forces in pseudoemulsion films  

SciTech Connect

Use of foam for enhanced oil recovery (EOR) has shown recent success in steam-flooding field applications. Foam can also provide an effective barrier against gas coning in thin oil zones. Both of these applications stem from the unique mobility-control properties a stable foam possesses when it exists in porous media. Unfortunately, oil has a major destabilizing effect on foam. Therefore, it is important for EOR applications to understand how oil destroys foam. Studies all indicate that stabilization of the pseudoemulsion film is critical to maintain foam stability in the presence of oil. Hence, to aid in design of surfactant formulations for foam insensitivity to oil the authors pursue direct measurement of the thin-film or disjoining forces that stabilize pseudoemulsion films. Experimental procedures and preliminary results are described.

Bergeron, V.; Radke, C.J. [California Univ., Berkeley, CA (United States). Dept. of Chemical Engineering]|[Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States)

1991-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Rechargeable thin-film electrochemical generator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An improved electrochemical generator is disclosed. The electrochemical generator includes a thin-film electrochemical cell which is maintained in a state of compression through use of an internal or an external pressure apparatus. A thermal conductor, which is connected to at least one of the positive or negative contacts of the cell, conducts current into and out of the cell and also conducts thermal energy between the cell and thermally conductive, electrically resistive material disposed on a vessel wall adjacent the conductor. The thermally conductive, electrically resistive material may include an anodized coating or a thin sheet of a plastic, mineral-based material or conductive polymer material. The thermal conductor is fabricated to include a resilient portion which expands and contracts to maintain mechanical contact between the cell and the thermally conductive material in the presence of relative movement between the cell and the wall structure. The electrochemical generator may be disposed in a hermetically sealed housing.

Rouillard, Roger (Beloeil, CA); Domroese, Michael K. (South St. Paul, MN); Hoffman, Joseph A. (Minneapolis, MN); Lindeman, David D. (Hudson, WI); Noel, Joseph-Robert-Gaetan (St-Hubert, CA); Radewald, Vern E. (Austin, TX); Ranger, Michel (Lachine, CA); Sudano, Anthony (Laval, CA); Trice, Jennifer L. (Eagan, MN); Turgeon, Thomas A. (Fridley, MN)

2000-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

325

Influence of Domain Wall Pinning on the Dynamic Behavior of Magnetic  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Influence of Domain Wall Pinning on the Dynamic Behavior of Magnetic Vortices Print Influence of Domain Wall Pinning on the Dynamic Behavior of Magnetic Vortices Print Soft magnetic, micron-sized thin-film structures with magnetic vortices are intriguing systems that may one day be used in ultrafast computer memories. In such systems, the otherwise in-plane magnetization turns perpendicular to the plane at the center of the vortex, forming the vortex core. Because such a core has two possible polarizations (up or down) and can be switched between these two states by a small alternating magnetic field, it could serve as a memory bit in future magnetic memory devices. However, these magnetic structures often contain numerous imperfections such as domain wall pinning sites, which have to be taken into account for the practical application of such systems. To study how these defects affect the dynamics of magnetic vortices, researchers from Belgium, Germany, and the United States investigated square-shaped and disk-shaped thin-film structures with artificially introduced imperfections in the form of nanometer-sized holes. They used time-resolved scanning transmission x-ray microscopy (STXM) at ALS Beamline 11.0.2 to determine the frequency at which these vortices vibrate (their eigenfrequency). The imperfections were found to cause a higher vibrational frequency in square-shaped structures, but did not influence the disk-shaped structures. Knowledge of the frequency is crucial for vortex-based memories, since the electric signal for writing data needs to be precisely tuned to it.

326

Influence of Domain Wall Pinning on the Dynamic Behavior of Magnetic  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Influence of Domain Wall Pinning on the Dynamic Behavior of Magnetic Vortices Print Influence of Domain Wall Pinning on the Dynamic Behavior of Magnetic Vortices Print Soft magnetic, micron-sized thin-film structures with magnetic vortices are intriguing systems that may one day be used in ultrafast computer memories. In such systems, the otherwise in-plane magnetization turns perpendicular to the plane at the center of the vortex, forming the vortex core. Because such a core has two possible polarizations (up or down) and can be switched between these two states by a small alternating magnetic field, it could serve as a memory bit in future magnetic memory devices. However, these magnetic structures often contain numerous imperfections such as domain wall pinning sites, which have to be taken into account for the practical application of such systems. To study how these defects affect the dynamics of magnetic vortices, researchers from Belgium, Germany, and the United States investigated square-shaped and disk-shaped thin-film structures with artificially introduced imperfections in the form of nanometer-sized holes. They used time-resolved scanning transmission x-ray microscopy (STXM) at ALS Beamline 11.0.2 to determine the frequency at which these vortices vibrate (their eigenfrequency). The imperfections were found to cause a higher vibrational frequency in square-shaped structures, but did not influence the disk-shaped structures. Knowledge of the frequency is crucial for vortex-based memories, since the electric signal for writing data needs to be precisely tuned to it.

327

Influence of Domain Wall Pinning on the Dynamic Behavior of Magnetic  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Influence of Domain Wall Pinning on the Dynamic Behavior of Magnetic Vortices Print Influence of Domain Wall Pinning on the Dynamic Behavior of Magnetic Vortices Print Soft magnetic, micron-sized thin-film structures with magnetic vortices are intriguing systems that may one day be used in ultrafast computer memories. In such systems, the otherwise in-plane magnetization turns perpendicular to the plane at the center of the vortex, forming the vortex core. Because such a core has two possible polarizations (up or down) and can be switched between these two states by a small alternating magnetic field, it could serve as a memory bit in future magnetic memory devices. However, these magnetic structures often contain numerous imperfections such as domain wall pinning sites, which have to be taken into account for the practical application of such systems. To study how these defects affect the dynamics of magnetic vortices, researchers from Belgium, Germany, and the United States investigated square-shaped and disk-shaped thin-film structures with artificially introduced imperfections in the form of nanometer-sized holes. They used time-resolved scanning transmission x-ray microscopy (STXM) at ALS Beamline 11.0.2 to determine the frequency at which these vortices vibrate (their eigenfrequency). The imperfections were found to cause a higher vibrational frequency in square-shaped structures, but did not influence the disk-shaped structures. Knowledge of the frequency is crucial for vortex-based memories, since the electric signal for writing data needs to be precisely tuned to it.

328

Influence of Domain Wall Pinning on the Dynamic Behavior of Magnetic  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Influence of Domain Wall Pinning on the Dynamic Behavior of Magnetic Vortices Print Influence of Domain Wall Pinning on the Dynamic Behavior of Magnetic Vortices Print Soft magnetic, micron-sized thin-film structures with magnetic vortices are intriguing systems that may one day be used in ultrafast computer memories. In such systems, the otherwise in-plane magnetization turns perpendicular to the plane at the center of the vortex, forming the vortex core. Because such a core has two possible polarizations (up or down) and can be switched between these two states by a small alternating magnetic field, it could serve as a memory bit in future magnetic memory devices. However, these magnetic structures often contain numerous imperfections such as domain wall pinning sites, which have to be taken into account for the practical application of such systems. To study how these defects affect the dynamics of magnetic vortices, researchers from Belgium, Germany, and the United States investigated square-shaped and disk-shaped thin-film structures with artificially introduced imperfections in the form of nanometer-sized holes. They used time-resolved scanning transmission x-ray microscopy (STXM) at ALS Beamline 11.0.2 to determine the frequency at which these vortices vibrate (their eigenfrequency). The imperfections were found to cause a higher vibrational frequency in square-shaped structures, but did not influence the disk-shaped structures. Knowledge of the frequency is crucial for vortex-based memories, since the electric signal for writing data needs to be precisely tuned to it.

329

Structures for dense, crack free thin films  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The process described herein provides a simple and cost effective method for making crack free, high density thin ceramic film. The steps involve depositing a layer of a ceramic material on a porous or dense substrate. The deposited layer is compacted and then the resultant laminate is sintered to achieve a higher density than would have been possible without the pre-firing compaction step.

Jacobson, Craig P. (Lafayette, CA); Visco, Steven J. (Berkeley, CA); De Jonghe, Lutgard C. (Lafayette, CA)

2011-03-08T23:59:59.000Z

330

Rechargeable thin-film lithium batteries  

SciTech Connect

Rechargeable thin-film batteries consisting of lithium metal anodes, an amorphous inorganic electrolyte, and cathodes of lithium intercalation compounds have recently been developed. The batteries, which are typically less than 6-{mu}m thick, can be fabricated to any specified size, large or small, onto a variety of substrates including ceramics, semiconductors, and plastics. The cells that have been investigated include Li-TiS{sub 2}, Li-V{sub 2}O{sub 5}, and Li-Li{sub x}Mn{sub 2}O{sub 4}, with open circuit voltages at full charge of about 2.5, 3.6, and 4.2, respectively. The development of these batteries would not have been possible without the discovery of a new thin-film lithium electrolyte, lithium phosphorus oxynitride, that is stable in contact with metallic lithium at these potentials. Deposited by rf magnetron sputtering of Li{sub 3}PO{sub 4} in N{sub 2}, this material has a typical composition of Li{sub 2.9}PO{sub 3.3}N{sub 0.46} and a conductivity at 25{degrees}C of 2 {mu}S/cm. The maximum practical current density obtained from the thin-film cells is limited to about 100 {mu}A/cm{sup 2} due to a low diffusivity of Li{sup +} ions in the cathodes. In this work, the authors present a short review of their work on rechargeable thin-film lithium batteries.

Bates, J.B.; Gruzalski, G.R.; Dudney, N.J.; Luck, C.F.; Yu, Xiaohua

1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Superconducting thin films on potassium tantalate substrates  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A superconductive system for the lossless transmission of electrical current comprising a thin film of superconducting material Y.sub.1 Ba.sub.2 Cu.sub.3 O.sub.7-x epitaxially deposited upon a KTaO.sub.3 substrate. The KTaO.sub.3 is an improved substrate over those of the prior art since the it exhibits small lattice constant mismatch and does not chemically react with the superconducting film.

Feenstra, Roeland (Oak Ridge, TN); Boatner, Lynn A. (Oak Ridge, TN)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Packaging material for thin film lithium batteries  

SciTech Connect

A thin film battery including components which are capable of reacting upon exposure to air and water vapor incorporates a packaging system which provides a barrier against the penetration of air and water vapor. The packaging system includes a protective sheath overlying and coating the battery components and can be comprised of an overlayer including metal, ceramic, a ceramic-metal combination, a parylene-metal combination, a parylene-ceramic combination or a parylene-metal-ceramic combination.

Bates, John B. (116 Baltimore Dr., Oak Ridge, TN 37830); Dudney, Nancy J. (11634 S. Monticello Rd., Knoxville, TN 37922); Weatherspoon, Kim A. (223 Wadsworth Pl., Oak Ridge, TN 37830)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Annealed CVD molybdenum thin film surface  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Molybdenum thin films deposited by pyrolytic decomposition of Mo(CO).sub.6 attain, after anneal in a reducing atmosphere at temperatures greater than 700.degree. C., infrared reflectance values greater than reflectance of supersmooth bulk molybdenum. Black molybdenum films deposited under oxidizing conditions and annealed, when covered with an anti-reflecting coating, approach the ideal solar collector characteristic of visible light absorber and infrared energy reflector.

Carver, Gary E. (Tucson, AZ); Seraphin, Bernhard O. (Tucson, AZ)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Polycrystalline thin film materials and devices  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Results of Phase II of a research program on polycrystalline thin film heterojunction solar cells are presented. Relations between processing, materials properties and device performance were studied. The analysis of these solar cells explains how minority carrier recombination at the interface and at grain boundaries can be reduced by doping of windows and absorber layers, such as in high efficiency CdTe and CuInSe{sub 2} based solar cells. The additional geometric dimension introduced by the polycrystallinity must be taken into consideration. The solar cells are limited by the diode current, caused by recombination in the space charge region. J-V characteristics of CuInSe{sub 2}/(CdZn)S cells were analyzed. Current-voltage and spectral response measurements were also made on high efficiency CdTe/CdS thin film solar cells prepared by vacuum evaporation. Cu-In bilayers were reacted with Se and H{sub 2}Se gas to form CuInSe{sub 2} films; the reaction pathways and the precursor were studied. Several approaches to fabrication of these thin film solar cells in a superstrate configuration were explored. A self-consistent picture of the effects of processing on the evolution of CdTe cells was developed.

Baron, B.N.; Birkmire, R.W.; Phillips, J.E.; Shafarman, W.N.; Hegedus, S.S.; McCandless, B.E. (Delaware Univ., Newark, DE (United States). Inst. of Energy Conversion)

1992-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

MagneticsLab  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Magnetics Laboratory Magnetics Laboratory Manufacturing Technologies The Magnetics Lab provides customers with design, prototyping, packaging solutions and production of unique magnetic and resistive components from millivolts to extremely high voltage (250KV) components. Capabilities * Design review of specification and requirements * Design and develop from sketches, verbal ideas, or circuit design parameters * Coil windings of any size or configuration * Coil diameter from 0.1 to 24 inches * Low temperature and high temperature coils * Precision resistors from 0.1 ohms to 2 megaohms (non-inductive) * Special high voltage transformers (2KV to 250KV) and high voltage loads (38K ohms to 100K ohms and 2KV to 250KV) Resources * Computer Aided Mechanical Design (Solid Works 3D CAD System) for mechanical

336

AFRD - Superconducting Magnets  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Superconducting Magnets Superconducting Magnets Home Organization Diversity Safety Links Gallery/History Updated July 2008 Ever-stronger magnets (which must be cost-effective as well) are a key to building tomorrow's high-energy accelerators and upgrading today's. Our role— not only a leading R&D group but also the administrators of the multi-institutional National Conductor Development Program— to create both evolutionary improvements and paradigm shifts in the application of accelerator magnets, providing innovative technology that enables new science. Improvements in conductor, innovative structures to solve the challenges of high fields and brittle superconductors, and integration of computerized design and analysis tools are key. The performance requirements of modern accelerators continue to press the

337

Magnetic gripper device  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A climbing apparatus is provided for climbing ferromagnetic surfaces, such as storage tanks and steel frame structures. A magnet assembly is rotatably mounted in a frame assembly. The frame assembly provides a pair of cam surfaces having different dimensions so that, when the frame is rotated, the cam surfaces contact the ferromagnetic surface to separate the magnet assembly from the surface. The different cam dimensions enable one side of the magnet at a time to be detached from the surface to reduce the effort needed to disengage the climbing apparatus. The cam surface also provides for smoothly attaching the apparatus. A hardened dowel pin is also attached to the frame and the pointed end of the dowel engages the surface when the magnet is attached to the surface to prevent downward sliding movement of the assembly under the weight of the user.

Meyer, R.E.

1992-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

338

Computing with magnets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Researchers are finding ways to develop ultra-efficient and nonvolatile computer processors out of nanoscale magnets. A number of obstacles, however, stand in the way of their commercialization.

Gary Anthes

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Modular tokamak magnetic system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A modular tokamak system comprised of a plurality of interlocking modules. Each module is comprised of a vacuum vessel section, a toroidal field coil, modular saddle coils which generate a poloidal magnetic field and ohmic heating coils.

Yang, Tien-Fang

1986-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

340

SUPERCONDUCTING MAGNET DIVISION  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

MAGNET DIVISION CY 2013 Tier 1 Inspection Schedule Frequency Building Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 S 902B (Offices) 11713 62013 S 902A (Offices) 11713 62013 Q 902-High Bay Shop 22113 5...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "micrometer-sized magnetic thin" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Superconducting combined function magnets  

SciTech Connect

Superconducting accelerators and storage rings, presently under construction or in the design phase, are based on separate dipole and quadrupole magnets. It is here suggested that a hybrid lattice configuration consisting of dipoles and combined function gradient magnets would: (1) reduce the number of magnet units and their total cost; and (2) increase the filling factor and thus the energy at a given field. Coil cross sections are presented for the example of the Brookhaven Colliding Beam Accelerator. An asymmetric two-layer cable gradient magnet would have transfer functions of 10.42 G/A and 0.628 G cm/sup -1//A versus 15.77 G/A and 2.03 G cm/sup -1//A of the present separate dipoles and quadrupoles.

Hahn, H.; Fernow, R.C.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

LABORATORY VI ELECTRICITY FROM MAGNETISM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the magnetic field and its effect on moving charges. You also saw how electric currents could create magnetic the magnetic flux through a coil of wire to produce an electric current. You will investigate the current are necessary for a magnetic field to produce an electric current. · Determine the direction of a current

Minnesota, University of

343

Magnetic fluorescent lamp  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The radiant emission of a mercury-argon discharge in a fluorescent lamp assembly is enhanced by providing means for establishing a magnetic field with lines of force along the path of electron flow through the bulb of the lamp assembly, to provide Zeeman splitting of the ultraviolet spectral line. Optimum results are obtained when the magnetic field strength causes a Zeeman splitting of approximately 1.7 times the thermal line width.

Berman, S.M.; Richardson R.W.

1983-12-29T23:59:59.000Z

344

Enhanced Flux-Pinning Properties in Superconducting YBa2Cu3O7-? Thin Films with Nanoengineering Methods  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Since the discovery of the high temperature superconductor YBa2Cu3O7-? (YBCO), with transition temperature (Tc = 77 K), above liquid nitrogen point in 1987 many research projects have been dedicated to enhancing the high field performance of this material for practical applications. The 2nd generation YBCO-based coated conductors are believed to be the most promising approach for commercial applications including power transmission, motors, generators, and high field magnets. With the advances of nanotechnologies, different nanoengineering methods have been demonstrated to enhance the performance of YBCO thin films, include doping with 0-dimensional (0-D) self-assembled nanoparticles, 1-dimensional (1-D) nanorods, and 2-dimensional (2-D) nanolayers. Furthermore, dopants with ferromagnetic properties are also reported to provide enhanced pinning effects by Lorentz force, especially under high-applied magnetic fields. The principle of these methods is to generate high-density defects at the heterogeneous interfaces as artificial pinning centers in an effort to improve the flux-pinning properties. The morphology and dimensions of the nanoinclusions play an important role in pining enhancement. Optimized pinning structures are likely to be located at energetically favorable vortex cores, which form a triangular lattice with dimensions close to the YBCO coherence length ? (?ab ~ 4 nm; ?c ~ 0.5 nm at 77 K.) However, it is challenging to achieve small dimensional nanodopants in the vapor deposited YBCO thin films. The purpose of this research is to utilize nanoengineering methods to produce optimized pinning structure in YBCO thin films. In this thesis, we systematically study the effects of different nanoinclusions on the flux-pinning properties of YBCO thin films. The 0-D ferromagnetic Fe2O3 and CoFe2O4 nanoparticles, 2-D CeO2 multilayers, and tunable vertically aligned nanocomposites (VAN) of (Fe2O3)x:(CeO2)1-x and (CoFe2O4)x:(CeO2)1-x systems are introduced into the YBCO matrix as artificial pinning centers. Results suggest that all nanoinclusions showed significant enhancement in the superconducting properties of YBCO. The ferromagnetic pinning centers dominate at high field and low temperature regimes, however, the defect pinning centers dominate at low field and high temperature regimes. The uniquely arranged VAN structure of alternating magnetic and non-magnetic nanophases, which incorporates both high defect density and tunable distribution of magnetic dopants, is believed to be an ideal solution for flux-pinning enhancement.

Tsai, Chen-Fong

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Freely oriented portable superconducting magnet  

SciTech Connect

A freely oriented portable superconducting magnet is disclosed. Coolant is supplied to the superconducting magnet from a repository separate from the magnet, enabling portability of the magnet. A plurality of support assemblies structurally anchor and thermally isolate the magnet within a thermal shield. A plurality of support assemblies structurally anchor and thermally isolate the thermal shield within a vacuum vessel. The support assemblies restrain movement of the magnet resulting from energizing and cooldown, as well as from changes in orientation, enabling the magnet to be freely orientable.

Schmierer, Eric N. (Los Alamos, NM); Prenger, F. Coyne (Los Alamos, NM); Hill, Dallas D. (Los Alamos, NM)

2010-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

346

Ground Magnetics | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ground Magnetics Ground Magnetics Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Technique: Ground Magnetics Details Activities (15) Areas (12) Regions (0) NEPA(1) Exploration Technique Information Exploration Group: Geophysical Techniques Exploration Sub Group: Magnetic Techniques Parent Exploration Technique: Magnetic Techniques Information Provided by Technique Lithology: Presence of magnetic minerals such as magnetite. Stratigraphic/Structural: Mapping of basement structures, horst blocks, fault systems, fracture zones, dykes and intrusions. Hydrological: The circulation of hydrothermal fluid may impact the magnetic susceptibility of rocks. Thermal: Rocks lose their magnetic properties at the Curie temperature (580° C for magnetite) [1] and, upon cooling, remagnetize in the present magnetic field orientation. The Curie point depth in the subsurface may be determined in a magnetic survey to provide information about hydrothermal activity in a region.

347

RHIC Project | Superconducting Magnet Division  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

RHIC Project RHIC Project The Superconducting Magnet Division supplied 1740 magnetic elements, in 888 cryostats, for the RHIC facility at BNL. Of these, 780 magnetic elements were manufactured by Northrop-Grumman (Bethpage, NY) and 360 were made by Everson Electric (Bethlehem, PA). The magnets made in industry used designs developed at BNL. The first cooldown of the magnets for the RHIC engineering run was in 1999. Since then, the magnets have operated very reliably. arc dipole coil and yoke Arc dipole coil and yoke, with magnetic flux lines The magnets provide modest field (3.45 Teslas in the arc dipoles) in a cost-effective design. Key features in the principal bending and focusing magnets include the use of NbTi Rutherford cable, a single-layer coil, and cold iron as both yoke and collar. The magnets operate in forced-flow

348

MAGNETIC NEUTRON SCATTERING  

SciTech Connect

Much of our understanding of the atomic-scale magnetic structure and the dynamical properties of solids and liquids was gained from neutron-scattering studies. Elastic and inelastic neutron spectroscopy provided physicists with an unprecedented, detailed access to spin structures, magnetic-excitation spectra, soft-modes and critical dynamics at magnetic-phase transitions, which is unrivaled by other experimental techniques. Because the neutron has no electric charge, it is an ideal weakly interacting and highly penetrating probe of matter's inner structure and dynamics. Unlike techniques using photon electric fields or charged particles (e.g., electrons, muons) that significantly modify the local electronic environment, neutron spectroscopy allows determination of a material's intrinsic, unperturbed physical properties. The method is not sensitive to extraneous charges, electric fields, and the imperfection of surface layers. Because the neutron is a highly penetrating and non-destructive probe, neutron spectroscopy can probe the microscopic properties of bulk materials (not just their surface layers) and study samples embedded in complex environments, such as cryostats, magnets, and pressure cells, which are essential for understanding the physical origins of magnetic phenomena. Neutron scattering is arguably the most powerful and versatile experimental tool for studying the microscopic properties of the magnetic materials. The magnitude of the cross-section of the neutron magnetic scattering is similar to the cross-section of nuclear scattering by short-range nuclear forces, and is large enough to provide measurable scattering by the ordered magnetic structures and electron spin fluctuations. In the half-a-century or so that has passed since neutron beams with sufficient intensity for scattering applications became available with the advent of the nuclear reactors, they have became indispensable tools for studying a variety of important areas of modern science, ranging from large-scale structures and dynamics of polymers and biological systems, to electronic properties of today's technological materials. Neutron scattering developed into a vast field, encompassing many different experimental techniques aimed at exploring different aspects of matter's atomic structure and dynamics. Modern magnetic neutron scattering includes several specialized techniques designed for specific studies and/or particular classes of materials. Among these are magnetic reflectometry aimed at investigating surfaces, interfaces, and multilayers, small-angle scattering for the large-scale structures, such as a vortex lattice in a superconductor, and neutron spin-echo spectroscopy for glasses and polymers. Each of these techniques and many others offer exciting opportunities for examining magnetism and warrant extensive reviews, but the aim of this chapter is not to survey how different neutron-scattering methods are used to examine magnetic properties of different materials. Here, we concentrate on reviewing the basics of the magnetic neutron scattering, and on the recent developments in applying one of the oldest methods, the triple axis spectroscopy, that still is among the most extensively used ones. The developments discussed here are new and have not been coherently reviewed. Chapter 2 of this book reviews magnetic small-angle scattering, and modern techniques of neutron magnetic reflectometry are discussed in Chapter 3.

ZALIZNYAK,I.A.; LEE,S.H.

2004-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

349

Argonne CNM News: Bifunctional Plasmonic/Magnetic Nanoparticles  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Bifunctional Plasmonic/Magnetic Nanoparticles Bifunctional Plasmonic/Magnetic Nanoparticles Mark Holt (Argonne Center for Nanoscale Materials) examines a sample in the Hard X-Ray Nanoprobe Evolutional pathway from iron particle seeds with thin layers of amorphous iron oxide coating to hybrid nanoparticles composed of solid Ag nanodomains and hollow Fe3O4 nanoshells. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) images (false colorized) and corresponding schematic illustration (silver: yellow, iron oxide: blue, iron core: black) of the hybrid particles at different stages along the reaction are highlighted on the edge. The TEM image at the center highlights Ag-Fe3O4 hybrid nanoparticles in which Ag and Fe3O4 are false colorized in orange yellow and blue, respectively. TEM analysis was done at Argonne's Electron Microscopy Center

350

GSI Rapid Cycling Magnets Project | Superconducting Magnet Division  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

GSI Rapid Cycling Magnets Project GSI Rapid Cycling Magnets Project While superconducting magnets easily achieve higher magnetic fields at lower cost than conventional electromagnets, it is very difficult to ramp superconducting magnets very quickly. But exactly that is needed at the planned new facility of GSI, the Gesellschaft für Schwerionenforschung (Institute for Heavy Ion Research), in Darmstadt, Germany. In the magnets of the SIS 200 ring, one of the components of the new facility, the magnetic field must be ramped from 0.5 Tesla to 4 Tesla at a rate of 1 Tesla per second. This ramp rate is almost 25 times faster than the ramp rate of the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) magnets at Brookhaven National Lab (BNL), which ramp at a rate of 0.042 Tesla per second. While the SIS 200 magnets also require a slightly higher field strength than the

351

X-Ray Imaging of the Dynamic Magnetic Vortex Core Deformation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

X-Ray Imaging of the Dynamic Magnetic Vortex Core Deformation Print X-Ray Imaging of the Dynamic Magnetic Vortex Core Deformation Print Magnetic thin-film nanostructures can exhibit a magnetic vortex state in which the magnetization vectors lie in the film plane and curl around in a closed loop. At the very center of the vortex, a small, stable core exists where the magnetization points either up or down out of the plane. Three years ago, the discovery of an easy core reversal mechanism at the ALS not only made the possibility of using such systems as magnetic memories much more realistic, it also initiated investigation of the core switching mechanism itself. Now, a Belgian-German-ALS collaboration has used high-resolution, time-resolved, magnetic x-ray microscopy to experimentally reveal the first step of the reversal process: the dynamic deformation of the vortex core. The group also measured a critical vortex velocity above which reversal occurs. Both these observations provide the first experimental support for the postulated reversal mechanism.

352

X-Ray Imaging of the Dynamic Magnetic Vortex Core Deformation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

X-Ray Imaging of the Dynamic Magnetic Vortex Core Deformation Print X-Ray Imaging of the Dynamic Magnetic Vortex Core Deformation Print Magnetic thin-film nanostructures can exhibit a magnetic vortex state in which the magnetization vectors lie in the film plane and curl around in a closed loop. At the very center of the vortex, a small, stable core exists where the magnetization points either up or down out of the plane. Three years ago, the discovery of an easy core reversal mechanism at the ALS not only made the possibility of using such systems as magnetic memories much more realistic, it also initiated investigation of the core switching mechanism itself. Now, a Belgian-German-ALS collaboration has used high-resolution, time-resolved, magnetic x-ray microscopy to experimentally reveal the first step of the reversal process: the dynamic deformation of the vortex core. The group also measured a critical vortex velocity above which reversal occurs. Both these observations provide the first experimental support for the postulated reversal mechanism.

353

X-Ray Imaging of the Dynamic Magnetic Vortex Core Deformation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

X-Ray Imaging of the Dynamic X-Ray Imaging of the Dynamic Magnetic Vortex Core Deformation X-Ray Imaging of the Dynamic Magnetic Vortex Core Deformation Print Wednesday, 25 November 2009 00:00 Magnetic thin-film nanostructures can exhibit a magnetic vortex state in which the magnetization vectors lie in the film plane and curl around in a closed loop. At the very center of the vortex, a small, stable core exists where the magnetization points either up or down out of the plane. Three years ago, the discovery of an easy core reversal mechanism at the ALS not only made the possibility of using such systems as magnetic memories much more realistic, it also initiated investigation of the core switching mechanism itself. Now, a Belgian-German-ALS collaboration has used high-resolution, time-resolved, magnetic x-ray microscopy to experimentally reveal the first step of the reversal process: the dynamic deformation of the vortex core. The group also measured a critical vortex velocity above which reversal occurs. Both these observations provide the first experimental support for the postulated reversal mechanism.

354

X-Ray Imaging of the Dynamic Magnetic Vortex Core Deformation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

X-Ray Imaging of the Dynamic Magnetic Vortex Core Deformation Print X-Ray Imaging of the Dynamic Magnetic Vortex Core Deformation Print Magnetic thin-film nanostructures can exhibit a magnetic vortex state in which the magnetization vectors lie in the film plane and curl around in a closed loop. At the very center of the vortex, a small, stable core exists where the magnetization points either up or down out of the plane. Three years ago, the discovery of an easy core reversal mechanism at the ALS not only made the possibility of using such systems as magnetic memories much more realistic, it also initiated investigation of the core switching mechanism itself. Now, a Belgian-German-ALS collaboration has used high-resolution, time-resolved, magnetic x-ray microscopy to experimentally reveal the first step of the reversal process: the dynamic deformation of the vortex core. The group also measured a critical vortex velocity above which reversal occurs. Both these observations provide the first experimental support for the postulated reversal mechanism.

355

X-Ray Imaging of the Dynamic Magnetic Vortex Core Deformation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

X-Ray Imaging of the Dynamic Magnetic Vortex Core Deformation Print X-Ray Imaging of the Dynamic Magnetic Vortex Core Deformation Print Magnetic thin-film nanostructures can exhibit a magnetic vortex state in which the magnetization vectors lie in the film plane and curl around in a closed loop. At the very center of the vortex, a small, stable core exists where the magnetization points either up or down out of the plane. Three years ago, the discovery of an easy core reversal mechanism at the ALS not only made the possibility of using such systems as magnetic memories much more realistic, it also initiated investigation of the core switching mechanism itself. Now, a Belgian-German-ALS collaboration has used high-resolution, time-resolved, magnetic x-ray microscopy to experimentally reveal the first step of the reversal process: the dynamic deformation of the vortex core. The group also measured a critical vortex velocity above which reversal occurs. Both these observations provide the first experimental support for the postulated reversal mechanism.

356

X-Ray Imaging of the Dynamic Magnetic Vortex Core Deformation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

X-Ray Imaging of the Dynamic Magnetic Vortex Core Deformation Print X-Ray Imaging of the Dynamic Magnetic Vortex Core Deformation Print Magnetic thin-film nanostructures can exhibit a magnetic vortex state in which the magnetization vectors lie in the film plane and curl around in a closed loop. At the very center of the vortex, a small, stable core exists where the magnetization points either up or down out of the plane. Three years ago, the discovery of an easy core reversal mechanism at the ALS not only made the possibility of using such systems as magnetic memories much more realistic, it also initiated investigation of the core switching mechanism itself. Now, a Belgian-German-ALS collaboration has used high-resolution, time-resolved, magnetic x-ray microscopy to experimentally reveal the first step of the reversal process: the dynamic deformation of the vortex core. The group also measured a critical vortex velocity above which reversal occurs. Both these observations provide the first experimental support for the postulated reversal mechanism.

357

X-Ray Imaging of the Dynamic Magnetic Vortex Core Deformation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

X-Ray Imaging of the Dynamic Magnetic Vortex Core Deformation Print X-Ray Imaging of the Dynamic Magnetic Vortex Core Deformation Print Magnetic thin-film nanostructures can exhibit a magnetic vortex state in which the magnetization vectors lie in the film plane and curl around in a closed loop. At the very center of the vortex, a small, stable core exists where the magnetization points either up or down out of the plane. Three years ago, the discovery of an easy core reversal mechanism at the ALS not only made the possibility of using such systems as magnetic memories much more realistic, it also initiated investigation of the core switching mechanism itself. Now, a Belgian-German-ALS collaboration has used high-resolution, time-resolved, magnetic x-ray microscopy to experimentally reveal the first step of the reversal process: the dynamic deformation of the vortex core. The group also measured a critical vortex velocity above which reversal occurs. Both these observations provide the first experimental support for the postulated reversal mechanism.

358

NREL: Photovoltaics Research - Thin Film Photovoltaic Partnership Project  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Thin Film Photovoltaic Partnership Project Thin Film Photovoltaic Partnership Project NREL's Thin Film Photovoltaic (PV) Partnership Project led R&D on emerging thin-film solar technologies in the United States from 1994 to 2009. The project made many advances in thin-film PV technologies that allowed the United States to attain world leadership in this area of solar technology. Three national R&D teams focused on thin-film semiconductor materials: amorphous silicon (a-Si), cadmium telluride (CdTe), and copper indium gallium diselenide (CIGS) and its alloys. The Module Reliability Team and Environmental Health and Safety Team were crosscutting. The teams comprised researchers from the solar industry, academia, and NREL who focused their efforts on improving materials, devices, and manufacturing processes-all

359

Fabrication Of Multilayered Thin Films Via Spin-Assembly  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Fabrication Of Multilayered Thin Films Via Spin-Assembly Fabrication Of Multilayered Thin Films Via Spin-Assembly Fabrication Of Multilayered Thin Films Via Spin-Assembly A process of forming multilayer thin film heterostructures. Available for thumbnail of Feynman Center (505) 665-9090 Email Fabrication Of Multilayered Thin Films Via Spin-Assembly A process of forming multilayer thin film heterostructures is disclosed and includes applying a solution including a first water-soluble polymer from the group of polyanionic species, polycationic species and uncharged polymer species onto a substrate to form a first coating layer on the substrate, drying the first coating layer on the substrate, applying a solution including a second water-soluble polymer from the group of polyanionic species, polycationic species and uncharged polymer species

360

R&D ERL: Magnetic measurements of the ERL magnets  

SciTech Connect

The magnet system of ERL consists of G5 solenoids, 6Q12 quadrupoles with 0.58 T/m gradient, 3D60 dipoles with 0.4 T central field, 15 and 30 degree Z-bend injection line dipole/quadrupole combined function magnets, and extraction line magnets. More details about the magnets can be found in a report by G. Mahler. Field quality in all the 6Q12 quadrupoles, 3D60 dipoles and the injection line magnets has been measured with either a rotating coil, or a Hall probe mapper. This report presents the results of these magnetic measurements.

Jain, A.

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "micrometer-sized magnetic thin" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Magnets and Power Supplies  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Bibliography Up: APS Storage Ring Parameters Previous: Longitudinal Bibliography Up: APS Storage Ring Parameters Previous: Longitudinal bunch profile and Magnets and Power Supplies Dipole Magnets and Power Supplies Value Dipole Number 80+1 No. of power supplies 1 Magnetic length 3.06 m Core length 3.00 m Bending radius 38.9611 m Power supply limit 500.0 A Field at 7 GeV 0.599 T Dipole trim coils Number 80+1 No. of power supplies 80 Magnetic length 3.06 m Core length 3.00 m Power supply limit 20.0 A Maximum field 0.04 T Horizontal Correction Dipoles Number 317 No. of power supplies 317 Magnetic length 0.160 m Core length 0.07 m Power supply limit 150.0 A Maximum field 0.16 T Max. deflection at 7 GeV 1.1 mrad Vertical Corrector Dipoles Number 317 No. of power supplies 317

362

Magnetic reconnection launcher  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An electromagnetic launcher includes a plurality of electrical stages which are energized sequentially in synchrony with the passage of a projectile. Each stage of the launcher includes two or more coils which are arranged coaxially on either closed-loop or straight lines to form gaps between their ends. The projectile has an electrically conductive gap-portion that passes through all the gaps of all the stages in a direction transverse to the axes of the coils. The coils receive an electric current, store magnetic energy, and convert a significant portion of the stored magnetic energy into kinetic energy of the projectile by magnetic reconnection as the gap portion of the projectile moves through the gap. The magnetic polarity of the opposing coils is in the same direction, e.g. N-S-N-S. A gap portion of the projectile may be made from aluminum and is propelled by the reconnection of magnetic flux stored in the coils which causes accelerating forces to act upon the projectile at both the rear vertical surface of the projectile and at the horizontal surfaces of the projectile near its rear. The gap portion of the projectile may be flat, rectangular and longer than the length of the opposing coils and fit loosely within the gap between the opposing coils.

Cowan, Maynard (Albuquerque, NM)

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

Active magnetic regenerator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An apparatus and method for refrigeration are disclosed which provides efficient refrigeration over temperature ranges in excess of 20/sup 0/C and which requires no maintenance and is, therefore, usable on an unmanned satellite. The apparatus comprises a superconducting magnet which may be solenoidal. A piston comprising a substance such as a rare earth substance which is maintained near its Curie temperature reciprocates through the bore of the solenoidal magnet. A magnetic drive rod is connected to the piston and appropriate heat sinks are connected thereto. The piston is driven by a suitable mechanical drive such as an electric motor and cam. In practicing the invention, the body of the piston is magnetized and demagnetized as it moves through the magnetic field of the solenoid to approximate any of the following cycles or a condition thereof as well as, potentially, other cycles: Brayton, Carnot, Ericsson, and Stirling. Advantages of the present invention include: that refrigeration can be accomplished over at least a 20/sup 0/C scale at superconducting temperatures as well as at more conventional temperatures; very high efficiency, high reliability, and small size. (LCL)

Barclay, J.A.; Steyert, W.A.

1981-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

364

Magnetic Techniques | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Magnetic Techniques Magnetic Techniques Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Technique: Magnetic Techniques Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) NEPA(1) Exploration Technique Information Exploration Group: Geophysical Techniques Exploration Sub Group: Magnetic Techniques Parent Exploration Technique: Geophysical Techniques Information Provided by Technique Lithology: Presence of magnetic minerals such as magnetite. Stratigraphic/Structural: Mapping of basement structures, horst blocks, fault systems, fracture zones, dykes and intrusions. Hydrological: The circulation of hydrothermal fluid may impact the magnetic susceptibility of rocks. Thermal: Rocks lose their magnetic properties at the Curie temperature (580° C for magnetite) [1] and, upon cooling, remagnetize in the present magnetic field orientation. The Curie point depth in the subsurface may be determined in a magnetic survey to provide information about hydrothermal activity in a region.

365

Methods for making thin layers of crystalline materials  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Methods for making growth templates for the epitaxial growth of compound semiconductors and other materials are provided. The growth templates are thin layers of single-crystalline materials that are themselves grown epitaxially on a substrate that includes a thin layer of sacrificial material. The thin layer of sacrificial material, which creates a coherent strain in the single-crystalline material as it is grown thereon, includes one or more suspended sections and one or more supported sections.

Lagally, Max G; Paskiewicz, Deborah M; Tanto, Boy

2013-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

366

Overview and Challenges of Thin Film Solar Electric Technologies  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

In this paper, we report on the significant progress made worldwide by thin-film solar cells, namely, amorphous silicon (a-Si), cadmium telluride (CdTe), and copper indium gallium diselenide (CIGS). Thin-film photovoltaic (PV) technology status is also discussed in detail. In addition, R&D and technology challenges in all three areas are elucidated. The worldwide estimated projection for thin-film PV technology production capacity announcements are estimated at more than 5000 MW by 2010.

Ullal, H. S.

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

WELDING THIN-WALLED URANIUM CYLINDERS  

SciTech Connect

One of Its Monograph Series, The Industrial Atom.'' The development of a satisfactory process for the fusion welding of thin-walled uranium cylinders is discussed. Optimum results were obtained using the inert-gas shielded-arc method without the use of filler metal. The ductility of the welded joints, however, was lower than that of cast metal. Surface conditions and and the purity of the inert gas used affected the weld soundness. Straight polarity direct current was used for welding to achieve maximum penetration and to provide are stability. Welding must be done in the flat position. (auth)

Brundige, E.L.; Taub, J.M.; Hanks, G.S.; Doll, D.T.

1957-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Thin film photovoltaic device with multilayer substrate  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A thin film photovoltaic device which utilizes at least one compound semiconductor layer chosen from Groups IIB and VA of the Periodic Table is formed on a multilayer substrate The substrate includes a lowermost support layer on which all of the other layers of the device are formed. Additionally, an uppermost carbide or silicon layer is adjacent to the semiconductor layer. Below the carbide or silicon layer is a metal layer of high conductivity and expansion coefficient equal to or slightly greater than that of the semiconductor layer.

Catalano, Anthony W. (Rushland, PA); Bhushan, Manjul (Wilmington, DE)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Physical phenomena of thin surface layers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(solid line in figure 2.3) long wavelength fluctuations with 0 < q < qc = ? ??hpex/? are amplified and the film will become unstable, while short wavelength fluctuations are damped. The fastest growing mode qmax is given by the maximum of equation 2.17, q... 2max = ?1 2? ?hpex (2.18) 13 Physical phenomena of thin surface layers qc 0 q ? -1 Ampli#30;ed Damped qmax Figure 2.3: Graphical representation of the dispersion relation. In the absence of an applied external field, all fluctuations are damped...

Thomas, Katherine Ruth

2010-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

370

Articles including thin film monolayers and multilayers  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention pertains to thin film assemblies or devices useful as sensors, nonlinear optical materials, and trace material scavengers. It claims a base substrate having an oxide surface layer, and a multidentate ligand, capable of binding a metal ion, attached to the oxide surface layer of the base substrate. A metal species may be provided attached to the ligand, and a multifunctional organic ligand may be provided attached to the metal species. A second metal species may be provided attached to the multifunctional ligand.

Li, DeQuan; Swanson, B.I.

1992-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

371

Flat or curved thin optical display panel  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An optical panel includes a plurality of waveguides stacked together, with each waveguide having a first end and an opposite second end. The first ends collectively define a first face, and the second ends collectively define a second face of the panel. The second face is disposed at an acute face angle relative to the waveguides to provide a panel which is relatively thin compared to the height of the second face. In an exemplary embodiment for use in a projection TV, the first face is substantially smaller in height than the second face and receives a TV image, with the second face defining a screen for viewing the image enlarged. 7 figures.

Veligdan, J.T.

1995-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

372

Deconvolution using thin-plate splines  

SciTech Connect

The ubiquitous problem of estimating 2-dimensional profile information from a set of line integrated measurements is tackled with Bayesian probability theory by exploiting prior information about local smoothness. For this purpose thin-plate-splines (the 2-D minimal curvature analogue of cubic-splines in 1-D) are employed. The optimal number of support points required for inversion of 2-D tomographic problems is determined using model comparison. Properties of this approach are discussed and the question of suitable priors is addressed. Finally, we illustrated the properties of this approach with 2-D inversion results using data from line-integrated measurements from fusion experiments.

Toussaint, Udo v.; Gori, Silvio [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Plasmaphysik, 85748 Garching (Germany)

2007-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

373

Rigid thin windows for vacuum applications  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A thin window that stands off atmospheric pressure is fabricated using photolithographic and wet chemical etching techniques and comprises at least two layers: an etch stop layer and a protective barrier layer. The window structure also comprises a series of support ribs running the width of the window. The windows are typically made of boron-doped silicon and silicon nitride and are useful in instruments such as electron beam guns and x-ray detectors. In an electron beam gun, the window does not impede the electrons and has demonstrated outstanding gun performance and survivability during the gun tube manufacturing process.

Meyer, Glenn Allyn (Danville, CA); Ciarlo, Dino R. (Livermore, CA); Myers, Booth Richard (Livermore, CA); Chen, Hao-Lin (Lafayette, CA); Wakalopulos, George (Pacific Palisades, CA)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Dynamic high pressure process for fabricating superconducting and permanent magnetic materials  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Shock wave formation of thin layers of materials with improved superconducting and permanent magnetic properties and improved microstructures is disclosed. The material fabrication system includes a sandwiched structure including a powder material placed between two solid members to enable explosive shock consolidation. The two solid members are precooled to about 80--100 K to reduce the residual temperatures attained as a result of the shock wave treatment, and thereby increase the quench rate of the consolidated powder. 9 figs.

Nellis, W.J.; Geballe, T.H.; Maple, M.B.

1990-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

375

Dynamic high pressure process for fabricating superconducting and permanent magnetic materials  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Shock wave formation of thin layers of materials with improved superconducting and permanent magnetic properties and improved microstructures. The material fabrication system includes a sandwiched structure including a powder material placed between two solid members to enable explosive shock consolidation. The two solid members are precooled to about 80.degree.-100.degree. K. to reduce the residual temperatures attained as a result of the shock wave treatment, and thereby increase the quench rate of the consolidated powder.

Nellis, William J. (Berkeley, CA); Geballe, Theodore H. (Woodside, CA); Maple, M. Brian (Del Mar, CA)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

Catalyst-infiltrated supporting cathode for thin-film SOFCs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LBNL-55226 Catalyst-Infiltrated Supporting Cathode for Thin-demonstrate that cobalt catalyst-infiltrated LSM can beinfiltrating nano- sized catalyst particles into its pores

Yamahara, Keiji; Jacobson, Craig P.; Visco, Steven J.; De Jonghe, Lutgard C.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Fracture of welded aluminum thin-walled structures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A comprehensive methodology was developed in the thesis for damage prediction of welded aluminum thin-walled structures, which includes material modeling, calibration, numerical simulation and experimental verification. ...

Zheng, Li, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

Observing Climate with Satellites Are We on Thin Ice?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Observing Climate with Satellites Are We on Thin Ice? A glacial-melt stream on the top of the Greenland ice sheet in late summer. ...

2010-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

379

BPD Conversion in a Thin SiC Buffer Layer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Symposium, Advanced Materials for Power Electronics, Power Conditioning, and Power Conversion. Presentation Title, BPD Conversion in a Thin SiC Buffer...

380

Method for Making Flat, High Performance Thin Membrane ...  

For Industry; For Researchers; Success Stories; About Us; ... Inexpensive Production of High Density Thin Ceramic Films on Rigid or Porous Substrates, ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "micrometer-sized magnetic thin" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Low Cost Fabrication of Thin-Film Ceramic Membranes for ...  

For Industry; For Researchers; Success Stories; About Us; ... Inexpensive Production of High Density Thin Ceramic Films on Rigid or Porous Substrates, ...

382

Inexpensive Production of High Density Thin Ceramic Films on ...  

Steven Visco, Lutgard DeJonghe, and Craig Jacobson have developed a simple, inexpensive method for producing high density, crack-free, thin ceramic ...

383

Evaluation of Thin-film Interfacial Properties Using Indentation Test  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A thin film's reliable question is depend on interfacial characterization, so evaluating interfacial characterization is the most important things in this test. So far...

384

Ferroelectric Thin Film Capacitors to Enable a Miniaturized Smart L ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The effects ultra-violet (UV)-assisted processing and compositional grading of BST capacitor thin films will be presented and the material property trade-offs for ...

385

Single-Crystalline Thin Film Used in Photovoltaics  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Single-crystalline thin films are made from gallium arsenide (GaAs), a compound semiconductor that is a mixture of gallium and arsenic.

386

Thin film techniques for solid oxide fuel cells  

Thin film techniques for solid oxide fuel cells V.E.J. van Dieten and J. Schoonman Laboratory ... ticles stay in the hot temperature region can be ...

387

Heteroepitaxial Si Thin Films Deposited on Flexible Copper ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Heteroepitaxial Si Thin Films Deposited on Flexible Copper Substrates for Solar Photovoltaics. Author(s), Daniela Florentina Bogorin, Lee...

388

Electron Beam Evaporator Systems for Thin Film Deposition  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Thin Film and Nanostructure Processing Group has two high-vacuum, electron beam evaporator systems for fabrication of single and multilayer ...

2012-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

389

Thin Sheet of Diamond Has Worlds of Uses  

DOE R&D Accomplishments (OSTI)

A new technique from Argonne National Laboratory creates thin diamond films that are helping industry save energy and could even be used in heart and eye implants.

Sagoff, Jared

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Method of forming a thin unbacked metal foil  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention relates generally to metal foils and methods of making the same. More particularly, this invention pertains to the fabrication of very thin, unbacked metal foils.

Duchane, D.V.; Barthell, B.L.

1983-02-23T23:59:59.000Z

391

Layer-by-Layer Assembled Thin Films for Battery Electrolytes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Layer-by-Layer Assembled Thin Films for Battery Electrolytes ... Abstract Scope, Exponential layer-by-layer (eLBL) assembled battery...

392

Tungsten-doped thin film materials - Energy Innovation Portal  

A dielectric thin film material for high frequency use, including use as a capacitor, and having a low dielectric loss factor is provided, the film comprising a ...

393

Thin-Film Ferroelectric Materials for Decoupling and Tunable ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Symposium, ACerS Richard M. Fulrath Award Symposium. Presentation Title, Thin-Film Ferroelectric Materials for Decoupling and Tunable Capacitors. Author( s)...

394

Development of Polyimide/SMA Thin-Film Actuator  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Symposium, Symposium I: Biomaterials, Smart Materials and Structures. Presentation Title, Development of Polyimide/SMA Thin-Film Actuator. Author(s), Akira...

395

Integrated Technology of Decoupling BST Thin Film Capacitors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Jun 16, 2007 ... The integration technology of decoupling capacitors, which contain multi-layered Cu wiring and Barium Strontium Titanate (BST) thin film...

396

How Thin Film Processing Can Contribute to Understanding the ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, How Thin Film Processing Can Contribute to Understanding the Materials Science of the MAX Phases. Author(s), Per Eklund, Ulf Jansson,...

397

Fabrication of Solid Oxide Fuel Cells via Thin Film Techniques  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We decided to use thin film techniques to solve this problem. Among various methods of lowering the operation temperature for SOFCs, adopting bi-layer...

398

Lessons Learned in Sputtering TiNi Thin Film  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Experimental results have been published in journals and conference proceedings, but as yet TiNi thin film is not commercially available. The author and...

399

AMORPHOUS THIN FILMS CONSISTING OF TERNARY MgZnCa ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Jul 20, 2012 ... AMORPHOUS THIN FILMS CONSISTING OF TERNARY MgZnCa-ALLOYS by K. Schlter, C. Zamponi, U. Schrmann, N. Hort, L. Kienle, K.U....

400

Improved Transparent Conducting Oxides Boost Performance of Thin...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

to electricity in solar cells by absorbing light within a specific wavelength. Today's thin-film solar cells could not function without transparent conducting oxides (TCOs)....

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "micrometer-sized magnetic thin" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Chemistry Chemical Analysis Thin-Films Information at NIST  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Method Can Affect the Use of Block Copolymer Thin Films (10/18 ... NIST Scientists Address 'Wrinkles' in Transparent Film Development (10/02/2012). ...

2010-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

402

NIST Testing Method Quickly Tells Whether Thin Films Are ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... and emerging technology areas that rely on thin-film advances for ... For films less than 1 micrometer thick, mechanical-property measurements made ...

2013-01-03T23:59:59.000Z

403

Interface Adhesion and Coating Integrity of the Thin Film Au ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Current scientific emphasis is on process development and optimization of thin film Au-interconnect metallization for the Bi2Te3-based TE module used for the...

404

Development of Thin-Film Materials Technology for Energy Applications...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Development of Thin-Film Materials Technology for Energy Applications: High Temperature Superconductors, etc. Speaker(s): Ronald Reade Date: January 15, 2002 - 12:00pm Location:...

405

Bi-based Piezoelectric Thin Films via Chemical Solution Deposition  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

BNT-BKT-BMgT thin films showed very promising piezoelectric response with ... Chemical Quantification of Oxide Interfaces Using Energy-dispersive X-ray...

406

Thermoelectric effect in very thin film Pt/Au thermocouples  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

thin films, the electrical resistivity ratio ? F /? B is BStudies of the electrical resistivity of metallic films [23,calculate the electrical resistivity and the thermoelectric

Salvadori, M.C.; Vaz, A.R.; Teixeira, F.S.; Cattani, M.; Brown, I.G.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Purely magnetic spacetimes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Spacetimes in which the electric part of the Weyl tensor vanishes (relative to some timelike unit vector field) are said to be purely magnetic. Examples of purely magnetic spacetimes are known and are relatively easy to construct, if no restrictions are placed on the energy-momentum tensor. However it has long been conjectured that purely magnetic vacuum spacetimes (with or without a cosmological constant) do not exist. The history of this conjecture is reviewed and some advances made in the last year are described briefly. A generalisation of this conjecture first suggested for type D vacuum spacetimes by Ferrando and Saez is stated and proved in a number of special cases. Finally an approach to a general proof of the conjecture is described using the Newman-Penrose formalism based on a canonical null tetrad of the Weyl tensor.

Alan Barnes

2004-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

408

Superconducting magnetic coil  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A superconducting magnetic coil includes a plurality of sections positioned axially along the longitudinal axis of the coil, each section being formed of an anisotropic high temperature superconductor material wound about a longitudinal axis of the coil and having an associated critical current value that is dependent on the orientation of the magnetic field of the coil. The cross section of the superconductor, or the type of superconductor material, at sections along the axial and radial axes of the coil are changed to provide an increased critical current at those regions where the magnetic field is oriented more perpendicularly to the conductor plane, to thereby increase the critical current at these regions and to maintain an overall higher critical current of the coil. 15 figs.

Aized, D.; Schwall, R.E.

1999-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

409

Magnetism reflectometer study shows LiF layers improve efficiency in spin valve devices  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

New, more efficient materials for spin valves - a device used in magnetic sensors, random access memories, and hard disk drives - may be on the way based on research using the magnetism reflectometer at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). Spin valve devices work by means of two or more conducting magnetic material layers that alternate their electrical resistance depending on the layers alignment. Giant magnetoresistance is a quantum mechanical effect first observed in thin film structures about 20 years ago. The effect is observed as a significant change in electrical resistance, depending on whether the magnetization of adjacent ferromagnetic layers is in a parallel or an antiparallel magnetic alignment. 'What we are doing here is developing new materials. The search for new materials suitable for injecting and transferring carriers with a preferential spin orientation is most important for the development of spintronics,' said Valeria Lauter, lead instrument scientist on the magnetism reflectometer at the Spallation Neutron Source (SNS), who collaborated on the experiment. The researchers discovered that the conductivity of such materials is improved when an organic polymer semiconductor layer is placed between the magnetic materials. Organic semiconductors are now the material of choice for future spin valve devices because they preserve spin coherence over longer times and distances than conventional semiconductors. While research into spin valves has been ongoing, research into organic semiconductors is recent. Previous research has shown that a 'conductivity mismatch' exists in spin valve systems in which ferromagnetic metal electrodes interface with such organic semiconductors as Alq3 ({pi}-conjugated molecule tris(8-hydroxy-quinoline) aluminium). This mismatch limits the efficient injection of the electrons from the electrodes at the interface with the semiconductor material. However, lithium fluoride (LiF), commonly used in light-emitting diodes, has been found to enhance the injection of electrons through the semiconductor. Researchers from the University of Alabama and ORNL used polarized neutrons at the magnetism reflectometer at SNS to investigate the electronic, magnetic, and structural properties of the electrodes in a novel system. In this system, the magnetic layers cobalt and Ni{sub 80}Fe{sub 20} are interfaced with spacer layers composed of the organic semiconductor Alq3. A coupling layer of LiF is inserted to separate the magnetized layers from the semiconductor. 'ALQ3 is an organic semiconductor material,' said Lauter. 'Normally in these systems a first magnetic layer is grown on a hard substrate so that one can get the controlled magnetic parameters. Then you grow the organic semiconductor layer, followed by another magnetic material layer, such as cobalt.' In addition to determining the effect of the LiF layers on the efficiency of the electron injection, the researchers wanted to determine the magnetic properties of the cobalt and Ni{sub 80}Fe{sub 20} as well as the interfacial properties: whether there is interdiffusion of cobalt through the LiF layer to the semiconductor, for example. The researchers used polarized neutrons at beam line 4A to probe the entire, layer-by-layer assembly of the system. 'Reflectometry with polarized neutrons is a perfect method to study thin magnetic films,' Lauter said. 'These thin films - if you put one on a substrate, you see it just like a mirror. However, this mirror has a very complicated internal multilayer structure. The neutrons look inside this complicated structure and characterize each and every interface. Due to the depth sensitivity of the method, we measure the structural and magnetic properties of each layer with the resolution of 0.5 nm. The neutron scattering results found that inserting LiF as a barrier significantly improves the quality of the interface, increasing the injection of electrons from the magnetic layer through the organic semiconductor in the spin valve and enhancing the overall properties of the system. In related work the magneti

Bardoel, Agatha A [ORNL; Lauter, Valeria [ORNL; Szulczewski, Greg J [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

Requirements of Magnetic Materials for Current Technological ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mar 3, 2011 ... Magnetic Materials for Energy Applications: Requirements of Magnetic ... Hard magnetic materials play a significant role in many green...

411

Experiment #7: Magnetic Deflection of Beta Rays  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of magnetism. Materials Geiger counter Wooden block (to hold the source) Aluminum shield with hole (for Geiger counter) Two cow magnets Magnet holders Sr-90 (beta source)...

412

Growth Diagram and Magnetic Properties of Hexagonal LuFe2O4 Thin Films  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A growth diagram of Lu-Fe-O compounds on an MgO (111) substrate using pulsed laser deposition is constructed according to the experimental data. The LuFe2O4 phase can only be grown in a small range of temperature and O2 pressure conditions. Fundamental understanding of the growth mechanism of Lu-Fe-O compound films are gained in terms of the thermal chemistry at the surface. Superparamagnetism is observed in a film of LuFe2O4 clusters separated by the hexagonal LuFeO3 phase and structural defects.

Wang, Wenbin [ORNL; Gai, Zheng [ORNL; Chi, Miaofang [ORNL; Fowlkes, Jason Davidson [ORNL; Yi, Jieyu [ORNL; Zhu, Leyi [Argonne National Laboratory (ANL); Cheng, Xuemei [Bryn Mawr College; Keavney, David [Argonne National Laboratory (ANL); Snijders, Paul C [ORNL; Ward, Thomas Z [ORNL; Shen, Jian [ORNL; Xu, Xiaoshan [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

Magnetic Co-doping of Niobium-doped Strontium Titanate Thin ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Lighting Enhancement of GaN LEDs by Applying p-Type Ni(P):SnO2 TCO on p- GaN Epitaxial Layer Localized Temperature Stability in Multilayer LTCC.

414

Modified magnetic ground state in NiMn2O4 thin films  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Radiation Lightsource (SSRL). DANES inves- tigationsXANES) was used at BL 7-2 at SSRL to further investigate thethis research were carried out at SSRL, a national user fa-

Nelson-Cheeseman, B. B.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

Tuning the Magnetic and Electronic Properties of FexSi1-x Thin Films for Spintronics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

XOR at the Advanced Photon Source (APS) at Argonne NationalBM-XOR at the Advanced Photon Source (APS), Argonne National

Karel, Julie Elizabeth

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

Texture and Magnetic Property of Rolled Fe-6.5%Si Thin Sheets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Elements of Power Conversion Integration in Group-III Nitride Heterojunctions Fabrication of PLZT Dielectric Films for Power Inverters in Electric Drive Vehicles.

417

Magnetic imaging of shipwrecks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The ferromagnetic material in a shipwreck on the seabed causes a modification to the earth's magnetic field which can be measured at the surface. Proton magnetometer measurements at the surface are used to locate wrecks. Here I discuss how to interpret such data to explore the shape and orientation of the shipwreck on the seabed. I give details of how to model shipwrecks and deduce the magnetic signal that results. I also discuss how to analyse data in a more general way. As examples, I present and analyse data on the shipwrecks of YSTROOM and BOUBOULINA (ex COLONEL LAMB).

Michael, C

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

The solar magnetic field  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The magnetic field of the Sun is the underlying cause of the many diverse phenomena combined under the heading of solar activity. Here we describe the magnetic field as it threads its way from the bottom of the convection zone, where it is built up by the solar dynamo, to the solar surface, where it manifests itself in the form of sunspots and faculae, and beyond into the outer solar atmosphere and, finally, into the heliosphere. On the way it, transports energy from the surface and the subsurface layers into the solar corona, where it heats the gas and accelerates the solar wind.

Solanki, Sami K; Schssler, Manfred; 10.1088/0034-4885/69/3/R02

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Transport of Magnetic Fields in Convective, Accreting Supernova Cores  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider the amplification and transport of a magnetic field in the collapsed core of a massive star, including both the region between the neutrinosphere and the shock, and the central, opaque core. An analytical argument explains why rapid convective overturns persist within a newly formed neutron star for roughly 10 seconds ($> 10^3$ overturns), consistent with recent numerical models. A dynamical balance between turbulent and magnetic stresses within this convective layer corresponds to flux densities in excess of $10^{15}$G. Material accreting onto the core is heated by neutrinos and also becomes strongly convective. We compare the expected magnetic stresses in this convective `gain layer' with those deep inside the neutron core. Buoyant motions of magnetized fluid are greatly aided by the intense neutrino flux. We calculate the transport rate through a medium containing free neutrons protons, and electrons, in the limiting cases of degenerate or non-degenerate nucleons. Fields stronger than $\\sim 10^{13}$ G are able to rise through the outer degenerate layers of the neutron core during the last stages of Kelvin-Helmholtz cooling (up to 10 seconds post-collapse), even though these layers have become stable to convection. We also find the equilibrium shape of a thin magnetic flux rope in the dense hydrostatic atmosphere of the neutron star, along with the critical separation of the footpoints above which the rope undergoes unlimited expansion against gravity. The implications of these results for pulsar magnetism are summarized, and applied to the case of late fallback over the first 1,000-10,000 s of the life of a neutron star

Christopher Thompson; Norman Murray

2001-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

420

Preparation and characterization of highly L2{sub 1}-ordered full-Heusler alloy Co{sub 2}FeAl{sub 0.5}Si{sub 0.5} thin films for spintronics device applications  

SciTech Connect

We report the investigation of structure and magnetic properties of full-Heusler alloy Co{sub 2}FeAl{sub 0.5}Si{sub 0.5} (CFAS) thin films grown on MgO-buffered MgO (001) substrates through magnetron sputtering. It was found that single-crystal CFAS thin films with high degree of L2{sub 1} ordering and sufficiently flat surface could be obtained after postdeposition annealing. All the films show a distinct uniaxial magnetic anisotropy with the easy axis of magnetization along the in-plane [110] direction. These results indicate that the use of the MgO buffer for CFAS is a promising approach for achieving a higher tunnel magnetoresistance ratio, and thus for spintronics device applications.

Wang Wenhong; Sukegawa, Hiroaki; Shan Rong; Furubayashi, Takao; Inomata, Koichiro [Magnetic Materials Center, National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS), 1-2-1 Sengen, Tsukuba 305-0047 (Japan)

2008-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "micrometer-sized magnetic thin" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Fast superconducting magnetic field switch  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The superconducting magnetic switch or fast kicker magnet is employed with an electron stream or a bunch of electrons to rapidly change the direction of flow of the electron stream or bunch of electrons. The apparatus employs a beam tube which is coated with a film of superconducting material. The tube is cooled to a temperature below the superconducting transition temperature and is subjected to a constant magnetic field which is produced by an external dc magnet. The magnetic field produced by the dc magnet is less than the critical field for the superconducting material, thus, creating a Meissner Effect condition. A controllable fast electromagnet is used to provide a magnetic field which supplements that of the dc magnet so that when the fast magnet is energized the combined magnetic field is now greater than the critical field and the superconducting material returns to its normal state allowing the magnetic field to penetrate the tube. This produces an internal field which effects the direction of motion and of the electron stream or electron bunch. The switch can also operate as a switching mechanism for charged particles. Magnetic switches and particularly fast kicker magnets are used in the accelerator industry to quickly deflect particle beams into and out of various transport lines, storage rings, dumps, and specifically to differentially route individual bunches of particles from a train of bunches which are injected or ejected from a given ring.

Goren, Y.; Mahale, N.K.

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

422

Thin Silicon MEMS Contact-Stress Sensor  

SciTech Connect

This work offers the first, thin, MEMS contact-stress (CS) sensor capable of accurate in situ measruement of time-varying, contact-stress between two solid interfaces (e.g. in vivo cartilage contact-stress and body armor dynamic loading). This CS sensor is a silicon-based device with a load sensitive diaphragm. The diaphragm is doped to create piezoresistors arranged in a full Wheatstone bridge. The sensor is similar in performance to established silicon pressure sensors, but it is reliably produced to a thickness of 65 {micro}m. Unlike commercial devices or other research efforts, this CS sensor, including packaging, is extremely thin (< 150 {micro}m fully packaged) so that it can be unobtrusively placed between contacting structures. It is built from elastic, well-characterized materials, providing accurate and high-speed (50+ kHz) measurements over a potential embedded lifetime of decades. This work explored sensor designs for an interface load range of 0-2 MPa; however, the CS sensor has a flexible design architecture to measure a wide variety of interface load ranges.

Kotovsky, J; Tooker, A; Horsley, D A

2009-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

423

Thin-film rechargeable lithium batteries  

SciTech Connect

Rechargeable thin-films batteries with lithium metal anodes, an amorphous inorganic electrolyte, and cathodes of lithium intercalation compounds have been fabricated and characterized. The cathodes include TiS{sub 2}, the {omega} phase of V{sub 2}O{sub 5}, and the cubic spinel Li{sub x}Mn{sub 2}O{sub 4} with open circuit voltages at full charge of about 2.5 V, 3.7 V, and 4.2 V, respectively. The development of these robust cells, which can be cycled thousands of times, was possible because of the stability of the amorphous lithium electrolyte, lithium phosphorus oxynitride. This material has a typical composition of Li{sub 2.9}PO{sub 3.3}N{sub 0.46} and a conductivity at 25 C of 2 {mu}S/cm. Thin-film cells have been cycled at 100% depth of discharge using current densities of 2 to 100 {mu}A/cm{sup 2}. The polarization resistance of the cells is due to the slow insertion rate of Li{sup +} ions into the cathode. Chemical diffusion coefficients for Li{sup +} ions in the three types of cathodes have been estimated from the analysis of ac impedance measurements.

Bates, J.B.; Gruzalski, G.R.; Dudney, N.J.; Luck, C.F.; Yu, X.

1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Rechargeable thin-film lithium batteries  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Rechargeable thin-film batteries consisting of lithium metal anodes, an amorphous inorganic electrolyte, and cathodes of lithium intercalation compounds have been fabricated and characterized. These include Li-TiS{sub 2}, Li-V{sub 2}O{sub 5}, and Li-Li{sub x}Mn{sub 2}O{sub 4} cells with open circuit voltages at full charge of about 2.5 V, 3.7 V, and 4.2 V, respectively. The realization of these robust cells, which can be cycled thousands of times, was possible because of the stability of the amorphous lithium electrolyte, lithium phosphorus oxynitride. This material has a typical composition of Li{sub 2.9}PO{sub 3.3}N{sub 0.46}and a conductivity at 25 C of 2 {mu}S/cm. The thin-film cells have been cycled at 100% depth of discharge using current densities of 5 to 100 {mu}A/cm{sup 2}. Over most of the charge-discharge range, the internal resistance appears to be dominated by the cathode, and the major source of the resistance is the diffusion of Li{sup +} ions from the electrolyte into the cathode. Chemical diffusion coefficients were determined from ac impedance measurements.

Bates, J.B.; Gruzalski, G.R.; Dudney, N.J.; Luck, C.F.; Yu, X.

1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Apparatus for laser assisted thin film deposition  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A pulsed laser deposition apparatus uses fiber optics to deliver visible output beams. One or more optical fibers are coupled to one or more laser sources, and delivers visible output beams to a single chamber, to multiple targets in the chamber or to multiple chambers. The laser can run uninterrupted if one of the deposition chambers ceases to operate because other chambers can continue their laser deposition processes. The laser source can be positioned at a remote location relative to the deposition chamber. The use of fiber optics permits multi-plexing. A pulsed visible laser beam is directed at a generally non-perpendicular angle upon the target in the chamber, generating a plume of ions and energetic neutral species. A portion of the plume is deposited on a substrate as a thin film. A pulsed visible output beam with a high pulse repetition frequency is used. The high pulse repetition frequency is greater than 500 Hz, and more preferably, greater than about 1000 Hz. Diamond-like-carbon (DLC) is one of the thin films produced using the apparatus.

Warner, Bruce E. (Pleasanton, CA); McLean, II, William (Oakland, CA)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Thin-film Rechargeable Lithium Batteries  

DOE R&D Accomplishments (OSTI)

Rechargeable thin films batteries with lithium metal anodes, an amorphous inorganic electrolyte, and cathodes of lithium intercalation compounds have been fabricated and characterized. The cathodes include TiS{sub 2}, the {omega} phase of V{sub 2}O{sub 5}, and the cubic spinel Li{sub x}Mn{sub 2}O{sub 4} with open circuit voltages at full charge of about 2.5 V, 3.7 V, and 4.2 V, respectively. The development of these robust cells, which can be cycled thousands of times, was possible because of the stability of the amorphous lithium electrolyte, lithium phosphorus oxynitride. This material has a typical composition of Li{sub 2.9}PO{sub 3.3}N{sub 0.46} and a conductivity at 25 C of 2 {mu}S/cm. Thin film cells have been cycled at 100% depth of discharge using current densities of 2 to 100 {mu}A/cm{sup 2}. The polarization resistance of the cells is due to the slow insertion rate of Li{sup +} ions into the cathode. Chemical diffusion coefficients for Li{sup +} ions in the three types of cathodes have been estimated from the analysis of ac impedance measurements.

Bates, J. B.; Gruzalski, G. R.; Dudney, N. J.; Luck, C. F.; Yu, X.

1993-11-00T23:59:59.000Z

427

Thin film cadmium telluride photovoltaic cells  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report describes research to develop to vacuum-based growth techniques for CdTe thin-film solar cells: (1) laser-driven physical vapor deposition (LDPVD) and (2) radio-frequency (rf) sputtering. The LDPVD process was successfully used to deposit thin films of CdS, CdTe, and CdCl{sub 2}, as well as related alloys and doped semiconductor materials. The laser-driven deposition process readily permits the use of several target materials in the same vacuum chamber and, thus, complete solar cell structures were fabricated on SnO{sub 2}-coated glass using LDPVD. The rf sputtering process for film growth became operational, and progress was made in implementing it. Time was also devoted to enhancing or implementing a variety of film characterization systems and device testing facilities. A new system for transient spectroscopy on the ablation plume provided important new information on the physical mechanisms of LDPVD. The measurements show that, e.g., Cd is predominantly in the neutral atomic state in the plume but with a fraction that is highly excited internally ({ge} 6 eV), and that the typical neutral Cd translational kinetic energies perpendicular to the target are 20 eV and greater. 19 refs.

Compaan, A.; Bohn, R. (Toledo Univ., OH (United States))

1992-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

Magnetic refrigeration apparatus and method  

SciTech Connect

The disclosure relates to refrigeration through magnetizing and demagnitizing a body by rotating it within a magnetic field. Internal and external heat exchange fluids and in one embodiment, a regenerator, are used.

Barclay, John A. (Los Alamos, NM); Overton, Jr., William C. (Los Alamos, NM); Stewart, Walter F. (Los Alamos, NM)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Lensless Imaging of Magnetic Nanostructures  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Wednesday, 28 March 2012 00:00 Magnetism is useful for many devices and techniques, from electric motors and computer hard drives to magnetic resonance imaging used in medicine....

430

Moving Magnet Series with  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

material allows for exceptional flux densi- ties in the air gap. The intense magnetic field strengthV/Degree/Second, +/-10% Current, RMS 2.3 2.4 4.1 3.9 A, Maximum Current, Peak 6 8 20 20 A, Maximum Small Angle Step

Kleinfeld, David

431

Rotary magnetic heat pump  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A rotary magnetic heat pump constructed without flow seals or segmented rotor accomplishes recuperation and regeneration by using split flow paths. Heat exchange fluid pumped through heat exchangers and returned to the heat pump splits into two flow components: one flowing counter to the rotor rotation and one flowing with the rotation.

Kirol, Lance D. (Shelly, ID)

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Permanent Magnet Materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Table 4   Applications of permanent magnet materials...material Primary reason for selection Alternative material Condition or reason favoring selection of alternative material Aircraft magnetos, military or civilian SmCo Maximum energy per unit volume Cast Alnico 5 Availability or cost restraint Alternators SmCo Compactness and reliability Ferrite...

433

National Magnetic Anomaly Map  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A record of the conclusions of a three-day meeting and workshop of the Committee for a National Magnetic Anomaly Map held in February 1976 is presented. The purpose of he workshop was to prepare a statement of the benefits, objectives, specifications, and requirements of a NMAM and establish a working plan for producing the map. (ACR)

Not Available

1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

Magnetic resonance apparatus  

SciTech Connect

Means for producing a region of homogeneous magnetic field remote from the source of the field, wherein two equal field sources are arranged axially so their fields oppose, producing a region near the plane perpendicular to the axis midway between the sources where the radial component of the field goes through a maximum. Near the maximum, the field is homogeneous over prescribed regions.

Jackson, Jasper A. (Los Alamos, NM); Cooper, Richard K. (Los Alamos, NM)

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

Permanent Magnet Materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Table 4 Applications of permanent magnet materials...material Primary reason for selection Alternative material Condition or reason favoring selection of alternative material Aircraft magnetos, military or civilian SmCo Maximum energy per unit volume Cast Alnico 5 Availability or cost restraint Alternators SmCo Compactness and reliability Ferrite...

436

Rotary magnetic heat pump  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A rotary magnetic heat pump constructed without flow seals or segmented rotor accomplishes recuperation and regeneration by using split flow paths. Heat exchange fluid pumped through heat exchangers and returned to the heat pump splits into two flow components: one flowing counter to the rotor rotation and one flowing with the rotation. 5 figs.

Kirol, L.D.

1987-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

437

Magnetic Devices and Nanostructures (2005)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Molecular nanomagnets, which are the smallest well defined magnetic ... moment of a specimen as microwave stimulation causes resonance at ...

2010-10-13T23:59:59.000Z

438

ASYMMETRIC MAGNETIZATION REVERSAL IN EXCHANGE ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Read-write heads used with magnetically stored data are based on giant magnetoresistance (GMR) sensors. These sensors ...

2001-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

439

Magnetic reconnection launcher  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An electromagnetic launcher includes a plurality of electrical stages which are energized sequentially in the launcher with the passage of a projectiles. Each stage of the launcher includes two or more coils which are arranged coaxially on either closed-loop or straight lines to form gaps between their ends. The projectile has an electrically conductive gap-portion that passes through all the gaps of all the stages in a direction transverse to the axes of the coils. The coils receive an electric current, store magnetic energy, and convert a significant portion of the stored magnetic energy into kinetic energy of the projectile moves through the gap. The magnetic polarity of the opposing coils is in the same direction, e.g. N-S-N-S. A gap portion of the projectile may be made from aluminum and is propelled by the reconnection of magnetic flux stored in the coils which causes accelerating forces to act upon the projectile and at the horizontal surfaces of the projectile near its rear. The gap portion of the projectile may be flat, rectangular and longer than the length of the opposing coils. The gap portion of the projectile permits substantially unrestricted distribution of the induced currents so that current densities are only high where the useful magnetic force is high. This allows designs which permit ohmic oblation from the rear surfaces of the gap portion of the projectile allowing much high velocities to be achieved. An electric power apparatus controls the electric power supplied to the opposing coils until the gap portion of the projectile substantially occupies the gap between the coils, at which time the coils are supplied with peak current quickly. 8 figs.

Cowan, M.

1987-04-06T23:59:59.000Z

440

Particle production by the expanding thin-walled bubble  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Neglecting the effect of particle production at the moment of bubble nucleation, the spectrum of created particles during the bubble expansion is evaluated in the thin-wall approximation. It is shown that the expanding thin-walled bubble makes the dominant contribution to the particle production.

Michael Maziashvili

2003-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "micrometer-sized magnetic thin" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

A survey of thin-film solar photovoltaic industry & technologies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A new type of solar cell technology using so-called thin-film solar photovoltaic material has the potential to make a great impact on our lives. Because it uses very little or no silicon at all, thin- film (TF) solar ...

Grama, Sorin

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Thermal Sensor Arrays for The Combinatorial Analysis of Thin Films  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Thermal Sensor Arrays for The Combinatorial Analysis of Thin Films A dissertation presented Advisor Author Joost J. Vlassak Patrick J. McCluskey Thermal Sensor Arrays for The Combinatorial Analysis analysis of the thermophysical properties of thin films. The continuous growth of integrated circuits

443

Amorphous hafnium-indium-zinc oxide semiconductor thin film transistors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We reported on the performance and electrical properties of co-sputtering-processed amorphous hafnium-indium-zinc oxide (?-HfIZO) thin film transistors (TFTs). Co-sputtering-processed ?-HfIZO thin films have shown an amorphous phase in nature. ...

Sheng-Po Chang; San-Syong Shih

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Front and backside processed thin film electronic devices  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This invention provides thin film devices that have been processed on their front- and backside. The devices include an active layer that is sufficiently thin to be mechanically flexible. Examples of the devices include back-gate and double-gate field effect transistors, double-sided bipolar transistors and 3D integrated circuits.

Evans, Paul G. (Madison, WI); Lagally, Max G. (Madison, WI); Ma, Zhenqiang (Middleton, WI); Yuan, Hao-Chih (Lakewood, CO); Wang, Guogong (Madison, WI); Eriksson, Mark A. (Madison, WI)

2012-01-03T23:59:59.000Z

445

Long-laser-pulse method of producing thin films  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The invention described herein arose in the course of, or under, Contract No. DE-C03-76SF0098 between the United States Department of Energy and the University of California. This invention relates in general to techniques for producing thin films, and in particular to a method of using pulsed laser to deposit high temperature supercoducting thin films. 5 figs.

Balooch, M.; Olander, D.R.; Russo, R.E.

1990-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

446

Organic thin film transistors with double insulator layers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We have investigated a double-layer structured gate dielectric for the organic thin films transistor (OTFT) with the purpose of improving the performance of the SiO"2 gate insulator. A 50nm PMMA layer was coated on top of the SiO"2 gate insulator as ... Keywords: Mobility, On/off ratio, Organic thin film transistor, PMMA

X. Liu; Y. Bai; L. Chen; F. X. Wei; X. B. Zhang; X. Y. Jiang; Zh. L. Zhang

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Low field magnetic resonance imaging  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method and system of magnetic resonance imaging does not need a large homogenous field to truncate a gradient field. Spatial information is encoded into the spin magnetization by allowing the magnetization to evolve in a non-truncated gradient field and inducing a set of 180 degree rotations prior to signal acquisition.

Pines, Alexander (Berkeley, CA); Sakellariou, Dimitrios (Billancourt, FR); Meriles, Carlos A. (Fort Lee, NJ); Trabesinger, Andreas H. (London, GB)

2010-07-13T23:59:59.000Z

448

Magnetic Helicity in Sphaleron Debris  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We develop an analytical technique to evaluate the magnetic helicity in the debris from sphaleron decay. We show that baryon number production leads to left-handed magnetic fields, and that the magnetic helicity is conserved at late times. Our analysis explicitly demonstrates the connection between sphaleron-mediated cosmic baryogenesis and cosmic magnetogenesis.

Yi-Zen Chu; James B. Dent; Tanmay Vachaspati

2011-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

449

Low-temperature magnetic refrigerator  

SciTech Connect

The disclosure is directed to a low temperature 4 to 20 K. refrigeration apparatus and method utilizing a ring of magnetic material moving through a magnetic field. Heat exchange is accomplished in and out of the magnetic field to appropriately utilize the device to execute Carnot and Stirling cycles.

Barclay, John A. (Los Alamos, NM)

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

Low-temperature magnetic refrigerator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The invention relates to magnetic refrigeration and more particularly to low temperature refrigeration between about 4 and about 20 K, with an apparatus and method utilizing a belt of magnetic material passed in and out of a magnetic field with heat exchangers within and outside the field operably disposed to accomplish refrigeration.

Barclay, J.A.

1983-05-26T23:59:59.000Z

451

Nanopattern-stimulated superconductor-insulator transition in thin TiN films.  

SciTech Connect

We present the results of the comparative study of transport properties of continuous and nanoperforated TiN films, enabling us to separate the disorder and the geometry effects. Nanopatterning transforms a thin TiN film into an array of superconducting weak links and eo ipso stimulates the disorder- and magnetic-field-driven superconductor-to-insulator transitions, shifting both transitions to a lower degree of microscopic disorder. We observe magnetoresistance oscillations reflecting collective phase-frustration behaviour of the multiconnected superconducting weak link network in a wide range of temperatures. We find that nanopatterning enhances the role of the two-dimensional Coulomb interaction and changes the characteristic energies of the film on length scales significantly larger than the mean free path or the superconducting coherence length.

Baturina, T. I.; Vinokur, V. M.; Mironov, A. Yu.; Chtchelkatchev, N. M.; Nasimov, D. A.; Latyshev, A. V. (Materials Science Division); (A. V. Rzhanov Inst. Semoconductor Physics); (Russian Academy of Sciences)

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

HELICAL LENGTHS OF MAGNETIC CLOUDS FROM THE MAGNETIC FLUX CONSERVATION  

SciTech Connect

We estimate axial lengths of helical parts in magnetic clouds (MCs) at 1 AU from the magnetic flux (magnetic helicity) conservation between solar active regions (ARs) and MCs with the event list of Leamon et al. Namely, considering poloidal magnetic flux (PHI{sub P}) conservation between MCs and ARs, we estimated L{sub h} in MCs, where L{sub h} is the axial length of an MC where poloidal magnetic flux and magnetic twist exist. It is found that L{sub h} is 0.01-1.25 AU in the MCs. If the cylinder flux rope picture is assumed, this result leads to a possible new picture of the cylinder model whose helical structure (namely, poloidal magnetic flux) localizes in a part of a MC.

Yamamoto, Tetsuya T. [Solar-Terrestrial Environment Laboratory, Nagoya University, Chikusa, Nagoya, 464-8601 (Japan); Kataoka, R. [Interactive Research Center of Science, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Meguro, 152-8550 (Japan); Inoue, S., E-mail: tyamamot@stelab.nagoya-u.ac.j [National Institute of Information and Communications Technology, Koganei, 184-8795 (Japan)

2010-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

453

Nanostructured Thin Film Electrolyte for Thin Film Solid Oxide Fuel Cells  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) are very attractive as energy generation devices because they are clean, reliable, and almost entirely pollution-free. SOFCs have flexible fuel selections compared with other fuel cell technologies. The main disadvantage of SOFCs is their high operating temperature (~1000C for conventional SOFCs) which leads to cell cracking and formation of non-conducting compounds at electrolyte/electrode interfaces. Therefore, intermediate temperature SOFCs (ITSOFCs) in the range of 500-700 C has attracted extensive research interests. To achieve high cell performance at reduced temperatures, it requires high-catalytic activity, high ionic conductivity, and comparable thermal expansion coefficient (TEC) of the cell components. To address the above issues, the research focuses on two main approaches (i.e., the interlayer approach and the electrolyte approach) in order to improve the overall cell performance. First, the design of a thin layer of a vertically-aligned nanocomposite (VAN) structure as an interlayer between the electrolyte and cathode is demonstrated. The development of the VAN structures consisted of the cathode material as a perovskite or ordered double perovskite structure, La0.5Sr0.5CoO3 (LSCO) or PrBaCo2O5 delta (PBCO), and the electrolyte material as a fluorite structure, Ce0.9Gd0.1O1.95 (CGO or GDC), were achieved for thin film solid oxide fuel cell (TFSOFCs). The VAN structure significantly improves the overall performance of the TFSOFC by increasing the interfacial area between the electrolyte and cathode and also acts as a transition layer that improves adhesion and relieves both thermal stress and lattice strain. Second, microstructural and electrical properties of Gd-doped CeO2 (GDC, Ce0.9Gd0.1O1.95) thin films electrolyte are studied for intermediate temperature solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs). The GDC thin film electrolytes with different grain sizes and grain morphologies were prepared by varying the deposition parameters such as substrate temperature, oxygen partial pressure, target repetition rate, and laser ablation energy. The electrical property of the GDC thin film is strongly affected by the grain size. Third, bilayer electrolytes composed of a gadolinium-doped CeO2 (GDC) layer (~6 micrometer thickness) and an yttria-stabilized ZrO2 (YSZ) layer with various thicknesses (~330 nm, ~440 nm, and ~1 micrometer) are achieved by a pulsed laser deposition (PLD) technique for thin film solid oxide fuel cells (TFSOFCs). One effective approach is to incorporate YSZ thin film as a blocking layer in between the GDC and anode for preventing chemical reduction of GDC and electrical current leakage. This bilayer approach effectively improves the GDC's chemical/ mechanical stability and reduces the OCV loss under reducing conditions. The results suggest that the YSZ thin film serves as a blocking layer for preventing electrical current leakage in the GDC layer and also provides chemical, mechanical, and structural integrity in the cell, which leads to the overall enhanced performance.

Cho, Sungmee

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

Flat or curved thin optical display panel  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An optical panel 10 includes a plurality of waveguides 12 stacked together, with each waveguide 12 having a first end 12a and an opposite second end 12b. The first ends 12a collectively define a first face 16, and the second ends 12b collectively define a second face 18 of the panel 10. The second face 18 is disposed at an acute face angle relative to the waveguides 12 to provide a panel 10 which is relatively thin compared to the height of the second face. In an exemplary embodiment for use in a projection TV, the first face 16 is substantially smaller in height than the second face 18 and receives a TV image, with the second face 18 defining a screen for viewing the image enlarged.

Veligdan, James T. (Manorville, NY)

1995-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

455

Characterization of lithium phosphorous oxynitride thin films  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Electrical and electrochemical properties of an amorphous thin-film lithium electrolyte, lithium phosphorous oxynitride (Lipon), have been studied with emphasis on the stability window vs Li metal and the behavior of the Li/Lipon interface. Ion conductivity of Lipon exhibits Arrhenius behavior at {minus}26 to +140 C, with a conductivity of 1.7 {times} 10{sup {minus}6}S/cm at 25 C and an activity energy of 0.50 {plus_minus} 0.01 eV. A stability window of 5.5 V was observed with respect to a Li{sup +}/Li reference, and no detectable reaction or degradation was evident at the Li/Lipon interface upon lithium cycling.

Yu, Xiaohua; Bates, J.B.; Jellison, G.E. Jr.

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

Thin Film Femtosecond Laser Damage Competition  

SciTech Connect

In order to determine the current status of thin film laser resistance within the private, academic, and government sectors, a damage competition was started at the 2008 Boulder Damage Symposium. This damage competition allows a direct comparison of the current state of the art of high laser resistance coatings since they are tested using the same damage test setup and the same protocol. In 2009 a high reflector coating was selected at a wavelength of 786 nm at normal incidence at a pulse length of 180 femtoseconds. A double blind test assured sample and submitter anonymity so only a summary of the results are presented here. In addition to the laser resistance results, details of deposition processes, coating materials and layer count, and spectral results will also be shared.

Stolz, C J; Ristau, D; Turowski, M; Blaschke, H

2009-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

457

Thin films of mixed metal compounds  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Disclosed is a thin film heterojunction solar cell, said heterojunction comprising a p-type I-III-IV[sub 2] chalcopyrite substrate and an overlying layer of an n-type ternary mixed metal compound wherein said ternary mixed metal compound is applied to said substrate by introducing the vapor of a first metal compound to a vessel containing said substrate from a first vapor source while simultaneously introducing a vapor of a second metal compound from a second vapor source of said vessel, said first and second metals comprising the metal components of said mixed metal compound; independently controlling the vaporization rate of said first and second vapor sources; reducing the mean free path between vapor particles in said vessel, said gas being present in an amount sufficient to induce homogeneity of said vapor mixture; and depositing said mixed metal compound on said substrate in the form of a uniform composition polycrystalline mixed metal compound. 5 figs.

Mickelsen, R.A.; Chen, W.S.

1985-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

458

Economic assessment of the thin polymer icemaker  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

We have constructed and tested a small device to produce ice in ice/water mixtures using a cold fluid as the heat sink. The device is a flexible heat exchanger constructed from a thin film of a suitable polymer. When filled with circulating liquid coolant the heat exchanger consists of an inflated series of parallel tubes; Ice forms on the outside in complementary half cylinders. When the circulation in cut off, gravity drains the coolant and the static head of the water bath crushes the tubes, freeing them from the ice which floats to the surface. We here report an economic assessment of this device. In its present form, we find it competitive with existing commercial ice making systems. The analysis also points out two areas where further technical progress could lead to a significant economic advantage for the polymer film ice maker.

Leigh, R.W. (Pratt Inst., Brooklyn, NY (United States))

1992-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

Ultra-thin microporous/hybrid materials  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Ultra-thin hybrid and/or microporous materials and methods for their fabrication are provided. In one embodiment, the exemplary hybrid membranes can be formed including successive surface activation and reaction steps on a porous support that is patterned or non-patterned. The surface activation can be performed using remote plasma exposure to locally activate the exterior surfaces of porous support. Organic/inorganic hybrid precursors such as organometallic silane precursors can be condensed on the locally activated exterior surfaces, whereby ALD reactions can then take place between the condensed hybrid precursors and a reactant. Various embodiments can also include an intermittent replacement of ALD precursors during the membrane formation so as to enhance the hybrid molecular network of the membranes.

Jiang, Ying-Bing (Albuquerque, NM); Cecchi, Joseph L. (Albuquerque, NM); Brinker, C. Jeffrey (Albuquerque, NM)

2012-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

460

Magnetic Edge States in Graphene  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Magnetic confinement in graphene has been of recent and growing interest because its potential applications in nanotechnology. In particular, the observation of the so called magnetic edge states in graphene has opened the possibility to deepen into the generation of spin currents and its applications in spintronics. We study the magnetic edge states of quasi-particles arising in graphene monolayers due to an inhomogeneous magnetic field of a magnetic barrier in the formalism of the two-dimensional massless Dirac equation. We also show how the solutions of such states in each of both triangular sublattices of the graphene are related through a supersymmetric transformation in the quantum mechanical sense.

Gabriela Murguia

2010-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "micrometer-sized magnetic thin" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Ultrafast thin-film laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy of doped...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Ultrafast thin-film laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy of doped oxides Title Ultrafast thin-film laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy of doped oxides Publication Type Journal...

462

A Hyper-Elastic Thin Film Nitinol Flow Diverter for Brain Aneurysms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The thin film Nitinol is sputter deposited with transformation temperatures at or near body temperature (37C). The thin film Nitinol is micromachined using a lift off...

463

Fabrication and Characterization of Polycrystalline CuInSe 2 Thin ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Symposium, Thin Film Structures for Energy Efficient Systems. Presentation Title, Fabrication and Characterization of Polycrystalline CuInSe2 Thin Film by...

464

Fast superconducting magnetic field switch  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The superconducting magnetic switch or fast kicker magnet is employed with electron stream or a bunch of electrons to rapidly change the direction of flow of the electron stream or bunch of electrons. The apparatus employs a beam tube which is coated with a film of superconducting material. The tube is cooled to a temperature below the superconducting transition temperature and is subjected to a constant magnetic field which is produced by an external dc magnet. The magnetic field produced by the dc magnet is less than the critical field for the superconducting material, thus, creating a Meissner Effect condition. A controllable fast electromagnet is used to provide a magnetic field which supplements that of the dc magnet so that when the fast magnet is energized the combined magnetic field is now greater that the critical field and the superconducting material returns to its normal state allowing the magnetic field to penetrate the tube. This produces an internal field which effects the direction of motion and of the electron stream or electron bunch. The switch can also operate as a switching mechanism for charged particles.

Goren, Yehuda (Mountain View, CA); Mahale, Narayan K. (The Woodlands, TX)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

Magnetized Turbulent Dynamo in Protogalaxies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The prevailing theory for the origin of cosmic magnetic fields is that they have been amplified to their present values by the turbulent dynamo inductive action in the protogalactic and galactic medium. Up to now, in calculation of the turbulent dynamo, it has been customary to assume that there is no back reaction of the magnetic field on the turbulence, as long as the magnetic energy is less than the turbulent kinetic energy. This assumption leads to the kinematic dynamo theory. However, the applicability of this theory to protogalaxies is rather limited. The reason is that in protogalaxies the temperature is very high, and the viscosity is dominated by magnetized ions. As the magnetic field strength grows in time, the ion cyclotron time becomes shorter than the ion collision time, and the plasma becomes strongly magnetized. As a result, the ion viscosity becomes the Braginskii viscosity. Thus, in protogalaxies the back reaction sets in much earlier, at field strengths much lower than those which correspond to field-turbulence energy equipartition, and the turbulent dynamo becomes what we call the magnetized turbulent dynamo. In this paper we lay the theoretical groundwork for the magnetized turbulent dynamo. In particular, we predict that the magnetic energy growth rate in the magnetized dynamo theory is up to ten times larger than that in the kinematic dynamo theory. We also briefly discuss how the Braginskii viscosity can aid the development of the inverse cascade of magnetic energy after the energy equipartition is reached.

Leonid Malyshkin; Russell M. Kulsrud

2002-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

466

Analysis of US underground thin seam mining potential. Volume 1. Text. Final technical report, December 1978. [In thin seams  

SciTech Connect

An analysis of the potential for US underground thin seam (< 28'') coal mining is undertaken to provide basic information for use in making a decision on further thin seam mining equipment development. The characteristics of the present low seam mines and their mining methods are determined, in order to establish baseline data against which changes in mine characteristics can be monitored as a function of time. A detailed data base of thin seam coal resources is developed through a quantitative and qualitative analysis at the bed, county and state level. By establishing present and future coal demand and relating demand to production and resources, the market for thin seam coal has been identified. No thin seam coal demand of significance is forecast before the year 2000. Current uncertainty as to coal's future does not permit market forecasts beyond the year 2000 with a sufficient level of reliability.

Pimental, R. A; Barell, D.; Fine, R. J.; Douglas, W. J.

1979-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

Magnetohydrodynamic evolution of magnetic skeletons  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The heating of the solar corona is likely to be due to reconnection of the highly complex magnetic field that threads throughout its volume. We have run a numerical experiment of an elementary interaction between the magnetic field of two photospheric sources in an overlying field that represents a fundamental building block of the coronal heating process. The key to explaining where, how and how much energy is released during such an interaction is to calculate the resulting evolution of the magnetic skeleton. A skeleton is essentially the web of magnetic flux surfaces (called separatrix surfaces) that separate the coronal volume into topologically distinct parts. For the first time the skeleton of the magnetic field in a 3D numerical MHD experiment is calculated and carefully analysed, as are the ways in which it bifurcates into different topologies. A change in topology normally changes the number of magnetic reconnection sites. In our experiment, the magnetic field evolves through a total of six distinct ...

Haynes, A L; Galsgaard, K; Priest, E R; Haynes, Andrew L.; Parnell, Clare E.; Galsgaard, Klaus; Priest, Eric R.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Giant magnetoresistance in nanogranular magnets.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We study the giant magnetoresistance of nanogranular magnets in the presence of an external magnetic field and finite temperature. We show that the magnetization of arrays of nanogranular magnets has hysteretic behavior at low temperatures leading to a double peak in the magnetoresistance which coalesces at high temperatures into a single peak. We numerically calculate the magnetization of magnetic domains and the motion of domain walls in this system using a combined mean-field approach and a model for an elastic membrane moving in a random medium, respectively. From the obtained results, we calculate the electric resistivity as a function of magnetic field and temperature. Our findings show excellent agreement with various experimental data.

Glatz, A.; Beloborodov, I. S.; Vinokur, V. M.; Materials Science Division; Univ. of Chicago

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

Nuclear magnetic resonance contrast agents  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention relates to the field of nuclear magnetic resonance imaging and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, also known simply as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS). MRI and MRS are particularly useful in medical research and diagnosis. MRI may be used in addition to x-ray imaging. This invention concerns a family of contrast agents for use in magnetic resonance imaging and a method of enhancing the contrast of magnetic resonance images of an object by incorporating a contrast agent of this invention into the object prior to forming the images or during formation of the images. A contrast agent of this invention is a paramagnetic lanthanide hexaazamacrocyclic molecule, where a basic example has the formula LnC{sub 16}H{sub 14}N{sub 6}. Important applications of the invention are in medical diagnosis, treatment, and research, where images of portions of a human body are formed by means of magnetic resonance techniques. 2 figs.

Smith, P.H.; Brainard, J.R.; Jarvinen, G.D.; Ryan, R.R.

1989-01-24T23:59:59.000Z

470

Magnetic resonance apparatus  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The patent consists of means for producing a region of homogeneous magnetic field remote from the source of the field, wherein two equal field sources are arranged axially so their fields oppose, producing a region near the plane perpendicular to the axis midway between the sources where the radial correspondent of the field goes through a maximum. Near the maximum, the field is homogeneous over prescribed regions.

Jackson, J.A.; Cooper, R.K.

1980-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

471

Magnetic liquefier for hydrogen  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This document summarizes work done at the Astronautics Technology Center of the Astronautics Corporation of America (ACA) in Phase 1 of a four phase program leading to the development of a magnetic liquefier for hydrogen. The project involves the design, fabrication, installation, and operation of a hydrogen liquefier providing significantly reduced capital and operating costs, compared to present liquefiers. To achieve this goal, magnetic refrigeration, a recently developed, highly efficient refrigeration technology, will be used for the liquefaction process. Phase 1 project tasks included liquefier conceptual design and analysis, preliminary design of promising configurations, design selection, and detailed design of the selected design. Fabrication drawings and vendor specifications for the selected design were completed during detailed design. The design of a subscale, demonstration magnetic hydrogen liquefier represents a significant advance in liquefaction technology. The cost reductions that can be realized in hydrogen liquefaction in both the subscale and, more importantly, in the full-scale device are expected to have considerable impact on the use of liquid hydrogen in transportation, chemical, and electronic industries. The benefits to the nation from this technological advance will continue to have importance well into the 21st century.

NONE

1992-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

472

Neutron Reflectivity and Magnetization Reversal in Heusler ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... 2010. Watson, SM "Spiral Domain Wall Formation in Spin Valves with Ultra-Thin Antiferromagnetic Layers." MMM Conference. Lecture. 2007. ...

2010-09-03T23:59:59.000Z

473

Method for bonding thin film thermocouples to ceramics  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method is provided for adhering a thin film metal thermocouple to a ceramic substrate used in an environment up to 700 degrees Centigrade, such as at a cylinder of an internal combustion engine. The method includes the steps of: depositing a thin layer of a reactive metal on a clean ceramic substrate; and depositing thin layers of platinum and a platinum-10% rhodium alloy forming the respective legs of the thermocouple on the reactive metal layer. The reactive metal layer serves as a bond coat between the thin noble metal thermocouple layers and the ceramic substrate. The thin layers of noble metal are in the range of 1-4 micrometers thick. Preferably, the ceramic substrate is selected from the group consisting of alumina and partially stabilized zirconia. Preferably, the thin layer of reactive metal is in the range of 0.015-0.030 micrometers (15-30 nanometers) thick. The preferred reactive metal is chromium. Other reactive metals may be titanium or zirconium. The thin layer of reactive metal may be deposited by sputtering in ultra high purity argon in a vacuum of approximately 2 milliTorr (0.3 Pascals).

Kreider, Kenneth G. (Potomac, MD)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

Linear Collider Final Focus Magnet Construction | Superconducting Magnet  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Linear Collider Final Focus Magnet Construction Linear Collider Final Focus Magnet Construction The final focus magnets for the International Linear Collider require very small quadrupoles be placed within the detector background field for both the entrance and exit beams. The use of superconducting magnets for this function provide solutions to several problems confronting the machine designers. One constraint is the operation within the 3 tesla detector field. The direct wind magnets are capable of operation without the use of magnetic materials in their construction, making them ideal for compact focussing solutions within detectors. The second constraint is the small physical size dictated by the crossing angle of the beams and proximity to the IR within the detector solenoid. The Direct Wind design does not require a collar to withstand Lorentz

475

Elemental and magnetic sensitive imaging using x-ray excited luminescence microscopy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We demonstrate the potential of x-ray excited luminescence microscopy for full-field elemental and magnetic sensitive imaging using a commercially available optical microscope, mounted on preexisting synchrotron radiation (SR) beamline end stations. The principal components of the instrument will be described. Bench top measurements indicate that a resolution of 1 {mu}m or better is possible; this value was degraded in practice due to vibrations and/or drift in the end station and associated manipulator. X-ray energy dependent measurements performed on model solar cell materials and lithographically patterned magnetic thin film structures reveal clear elemental and magnetic signatures. The merits of the apparatus will be discussed in terms of conventional SR imaging techniques.

Rosenberg, R. A.; Zohar, S.; Keavney, D. [Advanced Photon Source, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60439 (United States); Divan, R.; Rosenmann, D. [Center for Nanoscale Materials, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60439 (United States); Mascarenhas, A.; Steiner, M. A. [National Renewable Energy Lab, Golden, Colorado 80401 (United States)

2012-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

476

The state of the art of thin-film photovoltaics  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Thin-film photovoltaic technologies, based on materials such as amorphous or polycrystalline silicon, copper indium diselenide, cadmium telluride, and gallium arsenide, offer the potential for significantly reducing the cost of electricity generated by photovoltaics. The significant progress in the technologies, from the laboratory to the marketplace, is reviewed. The common concerns and questions raised about thin films are addressed. Based on the progress to date and the potential of these technologies, along with continuing investments by the private sector to commercialize the technologies, one can conclude that thin-film PV will provide a competitive alternative for large-scale power generation in the future.

Surek, T.

1993-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

MAGNETIZATION DEGREE OF GAMMA-RAY BURST FIREBALLS: NUMERICAL STUDY  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The relative strength between forward and reverse shock emission in early gamma-ray burst (GRB) afterglow reflects that of magnetic energy densities in the two shock regions. We numerically show that with the current standard treatment, the fireball magnetization is underestimated by up to two orders of magnitude. This discrepancy is especially large in the sub-relativistic reverse shock regime (i.e., the thin shell and intermediate regime), where most optical flashes were detected. We provide new analytic estimates of the reverse shock emission based on a better shock approximation, which well describe numerical results in the intermediate regime. We show that the reverse shock temperature at the onset of afterglow is constant, ( {Gamma}-bar{sub d}-1){approx}8 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup -2}, when the dimensionless parameter {xi}{sub 0} is more than several. Our approach is applied to case studies of GRB 990123 and 090102, and we find that magnetic fields in the fireballs are even stronger than previously believed. However, these events are still likely to be due to a baryonic jet with {sigma} {approx} 10{sup -3} for GRB 990123 and {approx}3 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup -4} to 3 for GRB 090102.

Harrison, Richard; Kobayashi, Shiho, E-mail: R.M.Harrison@2006.ljmu.ac.uk [Astrophysics Research Institute, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, L3 5RF (United Kingdom)

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

Magnetocaloric Effect in Gd-Based Thin Film Heterostructures  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Bonded Magnetocaloric Powders for the Refrigeration Application Coercivity ... Industrial Needs and Applications for Soft Magnetic Materials Industrial...

479

Fatigue and Fracture of Thin Films and Nanomaterials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Developments in flexible electronic materials systems and nanomaterials for energy harvesting or storage applications - Magnetic and shape memory properties...

480

Processing of Soft Magnetic Alloys in High Magnetic Field  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Magnetic Materials for Use in Energy-efficient Distribution Transformers ... Novel Morphology of Highly Efficient Two-phase Ferrite Cores for Power Systems

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "micrometer-sized magnetic thin" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Role of Magnetic Fields and Texturing to Improved Magnetic Materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mar 13, 2012 ... Experiments to observe the structural and magnetic phase transformations were performed at the Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) at Oak...

482

MAGNETIC PROPERTIES OF THE ALS BOOSTER SYNCHROTRON ENGINEERING MODEL MAGNETS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dynamic Aperture of the ALS Booster Synchrotron." presented25953 MAGNETIC PROPERTIES OF TIIE ALS BOOSTER SYNCIIROlRONMagnetic Measurements of the ALS Booster Dipole Engineering

Keller, R.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

Brett Parker | Superconducting Magnet Division  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Brett Parker Brett Parker Recent Presentations "BNL Direct Wind Magnets," (pdf) presentation dedicated to the memory of Pat Thompson given at the 22nd Magnet Technology Conference (MT22), September 11 - 16, 2011, Marseille, France A Review of BNL Direct-Wind Superconducting IR Magnet Experience, (pdf) presented at the 30th Advanced ICFA Beam Dynamics Workshop on High Luminosity e+e- Collisions, October 13 - 16, 2003, Stanford, California The Serpentine Coil Design for BEPC-II Superconducting IR Magnets, (pdf) presented at the "Mini-Workshop on BEPC-II IR Design", January 12 - 16, 2004, Beijing, P.R. China Ma nufacture of a Superconducting Octupole Magnet for the ALPHA Experiment at CERN using the Direct Wind Machine Presentations Prior to 2004 Superconducting Final Focus Magnet Issues (pdf), presented at

484

In-situ TEM studies of magnetisation reversal processes in magnetic nanostructures.  

SciTech Connect

One of the most widely studied types of magnetic nanostructure is that used in devices based on the giant magnetoresistance (GMR) or tunnel magnetoresistance (TMR) phenomena. In order to understand the behavior of these materials it is important to be able to follow their magnetization reversal mechanism, and one of the techniques enabling micromagnetic studies at the sub-micron scale is transmission electron microscopy. Two techniques can be used: Lorentz transmission electron microscopy and off-axis electron holography, both of which allow the magnetic domain structure of a ferromagnetic material to be investigated dynamically in real-time with a resolution of a few nanometers. These techniques have been used in combination with in situ magnetizing experiments, to carry out qualitative and quantitative studies of magnetization reversal in a range of materials including spin-tunnel junctions, patterned thin film elements and magnetic antidot arrays. Quantitative analysis of the Lorentz TEM data has been carried out using the transport of intensity equation (TIE) approach.

Petford-Long, A. K.; Bromwich, T.; Kohn, A.; Jackson, V.; Kasama, T.; Dunin-Borkowski, R.; Ross, C. A.; Materials Science Division; Univ. Oxford; Univ. Cambridge; Massachusetts Inst. of Tech.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

Layering and temperature-dependent magnetization and anisotropy of naturally produced Ni/NiO multilayers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Ni/NiO multilayers were grown by magnetron sputtering at room temperature, with the aid of the natural oxidation procedure. That is, at the end of the deposition of each single Ni layer, air is let to flow into the vacuum chamber through a leak valve. Then, a very thin NiO layer ({approx}1.2 nm) is formed. Simulated x-ray reflectivity patterns reveal that layering is excellent for individual Ni-layer thickness larger than 2.5 nm, which is attributed to the intercalation of amorphous NiO between the polycrystalline Ni layers. The magnetization of the films, measured at temperatures 5-300 K, has almost bulk-like value, whereas the films exhibit a trend to perpendicular magnetic anisotropy (PMA) with an unusual significant positive interface anisotropy contribution, which presents a weak temperature dependence. The power-law behavior of the multilayers indicates a non-negligible contribution of higher order anisotropies in the uniaxial anisotropy. Bloch-law fittings for the temperature dependence of the magnetization in the spin-wave regime show that the magnetization in the multilayers decreases faster as a function of temperature than the one of bulk Ni. Finally, when the individual Ni-layer thickness decreases below 2 nm, the multilayer stacking vanishes, resulting in a dramatic decrease of the interface magnetic anisotropy and consequently in a decrease of the perpendicular magnetic anisotropy.

Pappas, S. D.; Trachylis, D.; Velgakis, M. J. [Laboratory of High-Tech Materials, School of Engineering, University of Patras, 26504 Patras (Greece); Kapaklis, V.; Joensson, P. E.; Papaioannou, E. Th. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Uppsala University, Box 516, SE-751 20 Uppsala (Sweden); Delimitis, A. [Chemical Process Engineering Research Institute (CPERI), Centre for Research and Technology Hellas (CERTH), 57001 Thermi, Thessaloniki (Greece); Poulopoulos, P. [Laboratory of High-Tech Materials, School of Engineering, University of Patras, 26504 Patras (Greece); Institut fuer Experimentalphysik, Freie Universitaet Berlin, Arnimallee 14, D-14195 Berlin-Dahlem (Germany); Materials Science Department, University of Patras, 26504 Patras (Greece); Fumagalli, P. [Institut fuer Experimentalphysik, Freie Universitaet Berlin, Arnimallee 14, D-14195 Berlin-Dahlem (Germany); Politis, C. [Laboratory of High-Tech Materials, School of Engineering, University of Patras, 26504 Patras (Greece); Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Texas at Arlington, Arlington, Texas 76019 (United States)

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

Effect of (Bi, La)(Fe, Zn)O{sub 3} thickness on the microstructure and multiferroic properties of BiFeO{sub 3} thin films  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The effect of Bi{sub 0.90}La{sub 0.10}Fe{sub 0.90}Zn{sub 0.10}O{sub 3} (BLFZO) thicknesses on the microstructure and multiferroic properties of BiFeO{sub 3} (BFO) thin films was investigated, and all bilayered thin films were grown on Pt-coated silicon substrates without any buffer layers by a radio frequency sputtering. A (110) orientation is dominant in all the bilayers, and two grain growth modes are identified in these bilayers by using an atomic force microscope, where different grain growth modes significantly affect their leakage behavior. The dielectric constant ({epsilon}{sub r}) of bilayers gradually increases, and magnetic properties were deteriorated with the addition of BLFZO with a higher {epsilon}{sub r} and a weaker magnetic behavior. An enhanced ferroelectric behavior of 2P{sub r} {approx} 116.2 {mu}C/cm{sup 2} and 2E{sub c} {approx} 524 kV/cm could be observed in the BFO/BLFZO bilayered thin film with 80 nm BLFZO layer owing to a higher orientation degree of (110) and an interface coupling together with a lower leakage current density. As a result, electrical properties of BFO could be tailored by modifying the thicknesses of BLFZO.

Wu Jiagang; Xiao Dingquan; Zhu Jianguo [Department of Materials Science, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610064 (China)

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

Oxynitride Thin Film Barriers for PV Packaging  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Dielectric thin-film barrier and adhesion-promoting layers consisting of silicon oxynitride materials (SiOxNy, with various stoichiometry) were investigated. For process development, films were applied to glass (TCO, conductive SnO2:F; or soda-lime), polymer (PET, polyethylene terephthalate), aluminized soda-lime glass, or PV cell (a-Si, CIGS) substrates. Design strategy employed de-minimus hazard criteria to facilitate industrial adoption and reduce implementation costs for PV manufacturers or suppliers. A restricted process window was explored using dilute compressed gases (3% silane, 14% nitrous oxide, 23% oxygen) in nitrogen (or former mixtures, and 11.45% oxygen mix in helium and/or 99.999% helium dilution) with a worst-case flammable and non-corrosive hazard classification. Method employed low radio frequency (RF) power, less than or equal to 3 milliwatts per cm2, and low substrate temperatures, less than or equal to 100 deg C, over deposition areas less than or equal to 1000 cm2. Select material properties for barrier film thickness (profilometer), composition (XPS/FTIR), optical (refractive index, %T and %R), mechanical peel strength and WVTR barrier performance are presented.

Glick, S. H.; delCueto, J. A.; Terwilliger, K. M.; Jorgensen, G. J.; Pankow, J. W.; Keyes, B. M.; Gedvilas, L. M.; Pern, F. J.

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

Magnetism in low dimensionality.  

SciTech Connect

The collective creativity of those working in the field of surface magnetism has stimulated an impressive range of advances. Once wary, theorists are now eager to enter the field. The present article attempts to take a snapshot of where the field has been, with an eye to the more speculative issue of where it is going. Selective examples are used to highlight three general areas of interest (1) characterization techniques, (2) materials properties, and (3) theoretical/simulational advances. Emerging directions are identified and discussed, including laterally confined nanomagnetism and spintronics.

Bader, S. D.; Materials Science Division

2002-03-10T23:59:59.000Z