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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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1

Microgrid Reliability Modeling and Battery Scheduling Using Stochastic  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Reliability Modeling and Battery Scheduling Using Stochastic Reliability Modeling and Battery Scheduling Using Stochastic Linear Programming Title Microgrid Reliability Modeling and Battery Scheduling Using Stochastic Linear Programming Publication Type Journal Article Refereed Designation Refereed LBNL Report Number LBNL-6309E Year of Publication 2013 Authors Cardoso, Gonçalo, Michael Stadler, Afzal S. Siddiqui, Chris Marnay, Nicholas DeForest, Ana Barbosa-Póvoa, and Paulo Ferrão Journal Journal of Electric Power Systems Research Volume 103 Pagination 61-69 Date Published 06/2013 Abstract This paper describes the introduction of stochastic linear programming into Operations DER-CAM, a tool used to obtain optimal operating schedules for a given microgrid under local economic and environmental conditions. This application follows previous work on optimal scheduling of a lithium-iron-phosphate battery given the output uncertainty of a 1 MW molten carbonate fuel cell. Both are in the Santa Rita Jail microgrid, located in Dublin, California. This fuel cell has proven unreliable, partially justifying the consideration of storage options. Several stochastic DER-CAM runs are executed to compare different scenarios to values obtained by a deterministic approach. Results indicate that using a stochastic approach provides a conservative yet more lucrative battery schedule. Lower expected energy bills result, given fuel cell outages, in potential savings exceeding 6%.

2

Effect of Heat and Electricity Storage and Reliability on Microgrid  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Effect of Heat and Electricity Storage and Reliability on Microgrid Effect of Heat and Electricity Storage and Reliability on Microgrid Viability: A Study of Commercial Buildings in California and New York States Title Effect of Heat and Electricity Storage and Reliability on Microgrid Viability: A Study of Commercial Buildings in California and New York States Publication Type Report Year of Publication 2009 Authors Stadler, Michael, Chris Marnay, Afzal S. Siddiqui, Judy Lai, Brian Coffey, and Hirohisa Aki Pagination 106 Date Published 03/2006 Publisher LBNL City Berkeley Keywords consortium for electric reliability technology solutions (certs), energy analysis and environmental impacts department Abstract Berkeley Lab has for several years been developing methods for selection of optimal microgrid systems, especially for commercial building applications, and applying these methods in the Distributed Energy Resources Customer Adoption Model (DER-CAM). This project began with 3 major goals:

3

Reliability of islanded microgrids with stochastic generation and prioritized load  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The potential to improve distribution system reliability is a primary motivation behind the development and deployment of microgrids. Previous studies have illustrated substantial reliability benefits of dispatchable ...

Marden, Mirjana Milosevic

4

NREL: Technology Deployment - Microgrid Design  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Microgrid Design Microgrid Design Photo of a microgrid test site at the National Wind Technology Center. NREL designs independent electrical generation and distribution systems called microgrids, which deliver energy that is reliable, economical, and sustainable. NREL experts work with military, government, industry, and other organizations that cannot afford to lose power to develop reliable and cost-effective microgrid systems. Expertise and Knowledge NREL offers microgrid technical expertise and project support that includes engineering, energy analysis and modeling, financial analysis, and energy management. Our comprehensive and innovative approach to microgrid design is called Continuously Optimized Reliable Energy (CORE) Microgrids. The CORE microgrid approach includes advantages such as:

5

Microgrids and Heterogeneous Power Quality and Reliability  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper describes two stylized alternative visions of how the power system might evolve to meet future requirements for the high quality electricity service that modern digital economies demand, a supergrids paradigm and a dispersed paradigm. Some of the economics of the dispersed vision are explored, and perspectives are presented on both the choice of homogeneous universal power quality upstream in the electricity supply chain and on the extremely heterogeneous requirements of end-use loads. It is argued that meeting the demanding requirements of sensitive loads by local provision of high quality power may be more cost effective than increasing the quality of universal homogeneous supply upstream in the legacy grid. Finally, the potential role of microgrids in delivering heterogeneous power quality is demonstrated by reference to two ongoing microgrid tests in the U.S. and Japan.

LaCommare, Kristina; Marnay, Chris

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

DOD/NREL Model Integrates Vehicles, Renewables & Microgrid (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Fact sheet on microgrid model created by the Electric Vehicle Grid Integration program at the Fort Carson Army facility.

Not Available

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Microgrid Activities  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Energy Department has a comprehensive portfolio of activities that focuses on the development and implementation of microgrids to further improve reliability and resiliency of the grid, help...

8

Cost versus reliability sizing strategy for isolated photovoltaic micro-grids in the developing world  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract For many isolated regions in the developing world micro-grids which combine photovoltaic electricity generation and battery storage may represent the most reliable and least expensive form of energy service. Due to climate induced solar resource variations, achieving high reliability levels necessitates excess generation and storage capacity which can significantly increase the end consumer cost of energy. Due to severe financial limitations, many consumers in the developing world may prefer cost versus reliability trade-offs, as long as their basic energy needs are met. Defining reliability as the percent of electricity demand a grid can deliver, we utilize a time series energy balance algorithm at hourly resolution to create cost versus reliability curves of micro-grid performance. We then propose a micro-grid sizing strategy which enables designers with knowledge of local energy needs to determine the acceptability of potential micro-grids. Our strategy relies on visualizing simulation data at increasing levels of temporal resolution to determine where energy shortfalls occur and if they interfere with high priority energy demand. A case study is presented which utilizes the proposed methods. Results suggest that the methodology has the potential to reduce the cost of service while maintaining acceptable consumer reliability.

Mitchell Lee; Daniel Soto; Vijay Modi

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

Renewable Energy Sources Optimization: A Micro-Grid Model Design  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper analyzes the possibility to develop the simple micro-grid model in optimizing the utilization of local renewable energy for on-grid area. The proposed micro-grid model integrates the power plants driven by renewable energy sources employing micro hydro (MHP) and photovoltaic system (PV) which is connected to grid system. This model is analyzed using HOMER and MATLAB software. Based on the load profiles and the availability of water resources, the HOMER simulates the proposed micro-grid model with three options of MHP capacity. The simulation results show that the micro-grid model with the largest capacity MHP produced the lowest energy cost, greatest reduction of CO2 emission, and largest fraction of renewable energy. However, these result required the expensive initial capital cost. In addition, the PV power generation was always recommended with a minimum capacity. Hence, MATLAB results show the performances of the power plants with renewable energy sources were used maximally.

R. Nazir; H.D. Laksono; E.P. Waldi; E. Ekaputra; P. Coveria

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

Microgrids and Heterogeneous Security, Quality, Reliability, and Availability  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Energy Reliability, Distribution System Integrationand Energy Reliability, Distribution System Integration

Marnay, Chris

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Small-signal dynamic model of a micro-grid including conventional and electronically  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Small-signal dynamic model of a micro-grid including conventional and electronically interfaced-signal modelling of a micro-grid system that includes conventional (rotating machine) and electronically interfaced deviations in the overall system model and provides a methodology for the analysis of autonomous micro-grid

Lehn, Peter W.

12

Vehicle to Micro-Grid: Leveraging Existing Assets for Reliable Energy Management (Poster), NREL (National Renewable Energy Laboratory)  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

to Micro-Grid: Leveraging Existing Assets for Reliable Energy Management to Micro-Grid: Leveraging Existing Assets for Reliable Energy Management Mike Simpson, Tony Markel, and Michael O'Keefe National Renewable Energy Laboratory INTRODUCTION OPPORTUNITY National Renewable Energy Laboratory Presented at the 4th International Conference on Integration of Renewable & Distributed Energy Resources, December 6-10 , 2010 * Albuquerque, New Mexico U.S. military bases, such as Fort Carson, are interested in opportunities to lower energy consumption and use renewable resources. l Electricity GCV Micro-Grid The Smith Electric Newton all-electric truck Fort Carson Photovoltaic Installation NREL PIX 17631 NREL PIX # 17394 Natural Gas Renewable Energy Truck Fleet Diesel Generators

13

2012 Microgrid Workshop Summary Released  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Department of Energy has released the summary report from the July 30-31, 2012 Microgrid Workshop presented by the Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability at the Illinois Institute of Technology in Chicago. The workshop was held in response to discussions at the preceding DOE Microgrid Workshop, held in August 2011, which called for sharing lessons learned and best practices for system integration from existing projects in the U.S. (including military microgrids) and internationally.

14

An optimization model for regional micro-grid system management based on hybrid inexact stochastic-fuzzy chance-constrained programming  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Micro-grid system management considering air pollutant control and carbon dioxide (CO2) mitigation is a challenging task, since many system parameters such as electric demand, resource availability, system cost as well as their interrelationships may appear uncertain. To reflect these uncertainties, effective inexact system-analysis methods are desired. In this study, a hybrid inexact stochastic-fuzzy chance-constrained programming (ITSFCCP) was developed for micro-grid system planning, and interval-parameter programming (IPP), two-stage stochastic programming (TSP) and fuzzy credibility constrained programming (FCCP) methods were integrated into a general framework to manage pollutants and CO2 emissions under uncertainties presented as interval values, fuzzy possibilistic and stochastic probabilities. Moreover, FCCP allowed satisfaction of system constraints at specified confidence level, leading to model solutions with the lowest system cost under acceptable risk magnitudes. The developed model was applied to a case of micro-grid system over a 24-h optimization horizon with a real time and dynamic air pollutant control, and total amount control for CO2 emission. Optimal generation dispatch strategies were derived under different assumptions for risk preferences and emission reduction goals. The obtained results indicated that stable intervals for the objective function and decision variables could be generated, which were useful for helping decision makers identify the desired electric power generation patterns, and CO2 emission reduction under complex uncertainties, and gain in-depth insights into the trade-offs between system economy and reliability.

L. Ji; D.X. Niu; M. Xu; G.H. Huang

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Microgrid Reliability Modeling and Battery Scheduling Using Stochastic Linear Programming  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of offering strategies for a wind power producer, Electricdevelop offering strategies for wind power production whilethe uncertainty in wind power and market prices. In [23],

Cardoso, Goncalo

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Multi-Agent based Microgrid Coordinated Control  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

There are obvious advantages in collaborative work for the system based on the multi-agent technology. According to a concrete microgrid in this paper, multi-agent control system is designed based on the microgrid control goals. The structure of multi-agent microgrid control system and the specific functions of each agent are proposed, expounding the microgrid coordinated control strategies at the grid-connected and islanded state respectively. The model of microgrid based on the multi-agent is established in the MATLAB/SIMULINK. The simulation model has simulated the microgrid's characteristics of running operation performance both under the grid-connected and islanded situation. Simulation results show that multi-agent microgrid control system can fully satisfy the requirement of power balance control and inhibit frequency fluctuation under the two situation.

Zhou Xiaoyan; Liu Tianqi; Liu Xueping

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Study on Smart Energy Storage Technology and Control Strategy in Micro-Grid  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Energy storage technology is an indispensable support for reliable operation of micro-grid (MG). Various forms of energy storage...

Xing-guo Tan; Shan Lu

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Effect of Heat and Electricity Storage and Reliability on Microgrid Viability: A Study of Commercial Buildings in California and New York States  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

1334E-2009 1334E-2009 Effect of Heat and Electricity Storage and Reliability on Microgrid Viability: A Study of Commercial Buildings in California and New York States Michael Stadler, Chris Marnay, Afzal Siddiqui, Judy Lai, Brian Coffey, and Hirohisa Aki Environmental Energy Technologies Division Revised March 2009 http://eetd.lbl.gov/EA/EMP/emp-pubs.html The work described in this paper was funded by the Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability, Renewable and Distributed Systems Integration Program in the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract No. DE-AC02- 05CH11231. ERNEST ORLANDO LAWRENCE BERKELEY NATIONAL LABORATORY Disclaimer This document was prepared as an account of work sponsored by the United States Government. While this document is believed to contain correct

19

Microgrid Workshop Report August 2011 | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Microgrid Workshop Report August 2011 Microgrid Workshop Report August 2011 Microgrid Workshop Report August 2011 The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability (OE) held the Microgrid Workshop on August 30-31, 2011, in San Diego, California. The purpose of the workshop was to convene experts and practitioners to assist the DOE in identifying and prioritizing research and development (R&D) areas in the field of microgrids. The targets of the OE microgrid initiative are to develop commercial scale microgrid systems capable of reducing outage time of required loads by >98% while reducing emissions by >20% and improving system energy efficiencies by >20%, by 2020. Microgrid Workshop Report August 2011.pdf More Documents & Publications

20

Microgrid Scheduling for Reliable, Cost-Effective, and Environmentally Friendly Energy Management  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The model provides optimal schedules with minimal cost or reduced environmental impacts, e.g., global warming potential, while satisfying the balance of electricity supply and demand. ... (15) The environmental impact function can be described by computing the total GWP from all electricity-generating sources as follows:(2)where RenewGWPj, FuelGWPi, BGWP, and NGWP denote the GWP imposed per unit of electricity from renewable source j, fuel source i, battery, and national grid, respectively; erenewj,t, and efueli,t denote electricity directly used from renewable source j and electricity generated from fuel i at time t, separately. ... Wind, solar, and MSW energies are the renewables in the system; the expected renewable energy can be either stored to the battery or used to satisfy the demand of local loads as in eq 13. ...

Jeremy Jie Ming Kwok; Nan Yu; Iftekhar A. Karimi; Dong-Yup Lee

2012-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "microgrid reliability modeling" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Optimal Operation for Cogenerating System of Micro-grid Network  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents a mathematical model for optimal operating cogeneration of Micro-Grid Network. The electrical and thermal energy production ... solution of Optimal operation for cogenerating system of micro-grid

Phil-Hun Cho; Hak-Man Kim; Myong-Chul Shin

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

2012 Microgrid Workshop Report  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

and Energy Reliability Smart Grid R&D Program Summary Report: 2012 DOE Microgrid Workshop July 30-31, 2012 Chicago, Illinois 2012 DOE Microgrid Workshop Report Page i Acknowledgment The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) would like to acknowledge the support provided by the organizations represented on the workshop planning committee in developing the workshop process and sessions. The preparation of this workshop report was coordinated by Energy & Environmental Resources Group, LLC (E2RG). The report content is based on the workshop session discussions, with session summary descriptions taken from the report-out presentations by individual teams during the closing plenary. Contributions to this report by all workshop participants, via expressed viewpoints during the

23

2012 Microgrid Workshop Summary Released | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

2012 Microgrid Workshop Summary Released 2012 Microgrid Workshop Summary Released 2012 Microgrid Workshop Summary Released September 13, 2012 - 2:22pm Addthis The Department of Energy has released the summary report from the July 30-31, 2012 Microgrid Workshop presented by the Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability at the Illinois Institute of Technology in Chicago. The workshop was held in response to discussions at the preceding DOE Microgrid Workshop, held in August 2011, which called for sharing lessons learned and best practices for system integration from existing projects in the U.S. (including military microgrids) and internationally. In addition, the purpose of the workshop was to determine system integration gap areas in meeting the DOE program 2020 targets for microgrids and to define specific R&D activities for the needed, but unmet,

24

2012 DOE Microgrid Workshop Summary Report (September 2012) | Department of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

DOE Microgrid Workshop Summary Report (September 2012) DOE Microgrid Workshop Summary Report (September 2012) 2012 DOE Microgrid Workshop Summary Report (September 2012) The July 30-31, 2012 Microgrid Workshop was presented by the Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability at the Illinois Institute of Technology in Chicago. The workshop was held in response to discussions at the preceding DOE Microgrid Workshop, held in August 2011, which called for sharing lessons learned and best practices for system integration from existing projects in the U.S. (including military microgrids) and internationally. An additional purpose of the workshop was to determine system integration gap areas in meeting the DOE program 2020 targets for microgrids and to define specific R&D activities for the needed, but unmet, functional

25

Microgrid cyber security reference architecture.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document describes a microgrid cyber security reference architecture. First, we present a high-level concept of operations for a microgrid, including operational modes, necessary power actors, and the communication protocols typically employed. We then describe our motivation for designing a secure microgrid; in particular, we provide general network and industrial control system (ICS)-speci c vulnerabilities, a threat model, information assurance compliance concerns, and design criteria for a microgrid control system network. Our design approach addresses these concerns by segmenting the microgrid control system network into enclaves, grouping enclaves into functional domains, and describing actor communication using data exchange attributes. We describe cyber actors that can help mitigate potential vulnerabilities, in addition to performance bene ts and vulnerability mitigation that may be realized using this reference architecture. To illustrate our design approach, we present a notional a microgrid control system network implementation, including types of communica- tion occurring on that network, example data exchange attributes for actors in the network, an example of how the network can be segmented to create enclaves and functional domains, and how cyber actors can be used to enforce network segmentation and provide the neces- sary level of security. Finally, we describe areas of focus for the further development of the reference architecture.

Veitch, Cynthia K.; Henry, Jordan M.; Richardson, Bryan T.; Hart, Derek H.

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Advanced concepts for controlling energy surety microgrids.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Today, researchers, engineers, and policy makers are seeking ways to meet the world's growing demand for energy while addressing critical issues such as energy security, reliability, and sustainability. Many believe that distributed generators operating within a microgrid have the potential to address most of these issues. Sandia National Laboratories has developed a concept called energy surety in which five of these 'surety elements' are simultaneously considered: energy security, reliability, sustainability, safety, and cost-effectiveness. The surety methodology leads to a new microgrid design that we call an energy surety microgrid (ESM). This paper discusses the unique control requirement needed to produce a microgrid system that has high levels of surety, describes the control system from the most fundamental level through a real-world example, and discusses our ideas and concepts for a complete system.

Menicucci, David F.; Ortiz-Moyet, Juan

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

A Virtual Laboratory for Micro-Grid Information and Communication Infrastructures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 A Virtual Laboratory for Micro-Grid Information and Communication Infrastructures James Weimer reliability. Within the micro-grid, this requires identifying and testing ICT infrastructures infrastructures for micro-grid deployment, this work introduces the Virtual Micro- Grid Laboratory (VMGL

Johansson, Karl Henrik

28

Design of Micro-grid System Based on Renewable Power Generation Units  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abstract- Micro-grid system is currently a conceptual solution to fulfill the commitment of reliable power delivery for future power systems. Renewable power sources such as wind and hydro offer the best potential for emission free power for future micro-grid systems. This paper presents a micro-grid system based on wind and hydro power sources and addresses issues related to operation, control, and stability of the system. The micro-grid system investigated in this paper represents a case study in Newfoundland, Canada. It consists of a small hydro generation unit and a wind farm that contains nine variable- speed, double-fed induction generator based wind turbines. Using Matlab/Simulink, the system is modeled and simulated to identify the technical issues involved in the operation of a micro-grid system based on renewable power generation units. The operational modes, technical challenges and a brief outline of conceptual approaches to addressing some of the technical issues are presented for further investigation.

Dr. K. Ravich; M. Manasa; Mr. P. Yohan Babu; G. V. P. Anjaneyulu

29

2012 SG Peer Review - Energy Surety, Microgrids - Mike Hightower, SNL  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Support of Renewable and Distributed Support of Renewable and Distributed System Integration and Microgrids Mike Hightower Sandia National Laboratories June 7, 2012 December 2008 Support RDSI and Microgrids Objective Life-cycle Funding Summary ($K) FY 09 to FY 11 FY12, authorized FY13, requested Out-year(s) ~$2000K $870K $1000K $1000K Technical Scope To address current shortcomings of power reliability and security, Sandia is investigating advanced microgrid approaches to locate more secure and robust distributed energy generation and storage sources near loads as a way to better manage power generation and to improve overall power reliability and security. Microgrids are equally applicable to military, industrial, and utility distribution applications. Sandia's microgrid research utilizes smart grid

30

Microgrid Activities | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Microgrid(tm) Electricity Advisory Committee Technology Development Smart Grid Demand Response Federal Smart Grid Task Force Distributed Energy Microgrids Recovery Act...

31

Sandia National Laboratories: Microgrid  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Mesa del Sol, Microgrid, News, News & Events, Partnership, Photovoltaic, Renewable Energy, SMART Grid, Solar, Systems Analysis, Systems Engineering The Mesa del Sol...

32

Arnold Schwarzenegger CERTS MICROGRID  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

equipment operation ... 4.0 Procedures ­ CERTS Microgrid Test Bed Lockout/Tagout 5.0 Procedures ­ General 5

33

Modelling in industrial maintenance and reliability  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......of modelling the reliability of wind turbines and some critical subsystems from...change, through the years, in wind turbines reliability. There were major...research on determining optimal maintenance policies for deteriorating systems......

Wenbin Wang

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Software reliability models for critical applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report presents the results of the first phase of the ongoing EG&G Idaho, Inc. Software Reliability Research Program. The program is studying the existing software reliability models and proposes a state-of-the-art software reliability model that is relevant to the nuclear reactor control environment. This report consists of three parts: (1) summaries of the literature review of existing software reliability and fault tolerant software reliability models and their related issues, (2) proposed technique for software reliability enhancement, and (3) general discussion and future research. The development of this proposed state-of-the-art software reliability model will be performed in the second place. 407 refs., 4 figs., 2 tabs.

Pham, H.; Pham, M.

1991-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

Software reliability models for critical applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report presents the results of the first phase of the ongoing EG G Idaho, Inc. Software Reliability Research Program. The program is studying the existing software reliability models and proposes a state-of-the-art software reliability model that is relevant to the nuclear reactor control environment. This report consists of three parts: (1) summaries of the literature review of existing software reliability and fault tolerant software reliability models and their related issues, (2) proposed technique for software reliability enhancement, and (3) general discussion and future research. The development of this proposed state-of-the-art software reliability model will be performed in the second place. 407 refs., 4 figs., 2 tabs.

Pham, H.; Pham, M.

1991-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

NREL: Technology Transfer - NREL Designing Microgrid to Back Up USAFA  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

NREL Designing Microgrid to Back Up USAFA Critical Loads NREL Designing Microgrid to Back Up USAFA Critical Loads January 30, 2013 NREL grid and dispatchable power experts are helping the United States Air Force Academy (USAFA) in Colorado Springs, Colorado, develop a system to maintain power to critical loads when power is unavailable from the local utility. Under an agreement with USAFA and in collaboration with Colorado Springs Utilities, NREL will design a USAFA microgrid using its Continuously Optimized Reliable Energy (CORE) Microgrid Design process. The four-step CORE process evaluates existing reports, gathers data, analyzes designs, and monitors project implementation and installation. The data gathering and preliminary generation design evaluation phases are nearly complete. Generation options identified during the preliminary

37

NREL: Technology Deployment - NREL Designing Microgrid to Back Up USAFA  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

NREL Designing Microgrid to Back Up USAFA Critical Loads NREL Designing Microgrid to Back Up USAFA Critical Loads January 30, 2013 NREL grid and dispatchable power experts are helping the United States Air Force Academy (USAFA) in Colorado Springs, Colorado, develop a system to maintain power to critical loads when power is unavailable from the local utility. Under an agreement with USAFA and in collaboration with Colorado Springs Utilities, NREL will design a USAFA microgrid using its Continuously Optimized Reliable Energy (CORE) Microgrid Design process. The four-step CORE process evaluates existing reports, gathers data, analyzes designs, and monitors project implementation and installation. The data gathering and preliminary generation design evaluation phases are nearly complete. Generation options identified during the preliminary

38

Progress and problems in micro-grid protection schemes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Globally, gradual depletion of fossil fuel resources, poor energy efficiency and environmental pollution are among the main problems faced in the conventional power system. This leads to a new trend of generating power locally by using Distributed Energy Resources (DERs) at distribution voltage level. The concept of micro-grid has appeared as an attractive alternative for integration of \\{DERs\\} in the distribution networks which has numerous advantages in terms of reliability and power quality. Despite the advantages, several challenges are still hindering the development of micro-grids. One of the challenges is micro-grid protection, and to resolve this, researchers have been working to develop different protection schemes. The objective of this study is to review previous research works on the existing protection strategies deployed in addressing micro-grid protection issues in both grid-connected and islanded mode of operation.

Sohrab Mirsaeidi; Dalila Mat Said; Mohd. Wazir Mustafa; Mohd. Hafiz Habibuddin; Kimia Ghaffari

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Microsoft Word - Microgrid Notice of Intent.docx  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Notice of Intent to Issue Notice of Intent to Issue Funding Opportunity Announcement No.: DE-FOA-0000997 Microgrid Research, Development, and Demonstration The Department of Energy's (DOE) National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) intends to issue, on behalf of the DOE Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability, a Funding Opportunity Announcement (FOA) entitled "Microgrid Research, Development, and Demonstration." The objective of this FOA is to solicit proposals for development and demonstration of commercial-scale microgrid systems having up to 10 megawatts (MW) of aggregated generation capacity. In addition, systems must be proposed that will aid the DOE Microgrid Program with meeting strategic targets by 2020, namely:  reducing outage time of critical loads by >98% at a cost comparable to non-

40

Optimization of micro-grid system using MOPSO  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Access to a reliable source of electricity is a basic need for any community as it can improve the living standards characterized via the improvement of healthcare, education, and the local economy at large. There are two key factors to consider when assessing the appropriateness of a micro-grid system, the cost-effectiveness of the system and the quality of service. The tradeoff between cost and reliability of the system is a major compromise in designing hybrid systems. In this way, optimization of a Hybrid Micro-Grid System (HMGS) is investigated. A hybrid wind/PV system with battery storage and diesel generator is used for this purpose. The power management algorithm is applied to the load, and the Multi-Objective Particle Swarm Optimization (MOPSO) method is used to find the best configuration of the system and for sizing the components. A set of recent hourly wind speed data from three meteorological stations in Iran, namely: Nahavand, Rafsanjan, and Khash, are selected and tested for the optimization of HMGS. Despite design complexity of the aforementioned systems, the results show that the MOPSO optimization model produces appropriate sizing of the components for each location. It is also suggested that the use of HMGS can be considered as a good alternative to promote electrification projects and enhance energy access within remote Iranian areas or other developing countries enjoying the same or similar climatic conditions.

Hanieh Borhanazad; Saad Mekhilef; Velappa Gounder Ganapathy; Mostafa Modiri-Delshad; Ali Mirtaheri

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "microgrid reliability modeling" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Integration of Distributed Energy The CERTS MicroGrid Concept  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Integration of Distributed Energy Resources The CERTS MicroGrid Concept CALIFORNIA ENERGY are being challenged to maintain the reliability of the grid and support economic transfers of power Consortium for Electric Reliability Technology Solutions White Paper on Integration of Distributed Energy

42

Wireless Communication for Controlling Microgrids: Co-simulation and Performance Evaluation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A microgrid with wireless communication links for microgrid control has been designed and developed. The complete simulation model has been developed in MatLab SimuLink with seamless integration of the power subsystem and the communication subsystem. Unlike the conventional co-simulators that usually glue two existing simulators together by creating an interface, which has a steep learning curve, the proposed simulator is a compact single-unit model. Detailed modeling of the power subsystem and communication system is presented as well as the microgrid control architecture and strategies. The impact of different communication system performances on microgrid control has been studied and evaluated in the proposed simulator.

Mao, Rukun [ORNL] [ORNL; Xu, Yan [ORNL] [ORNL; Li, Huijuan [ORNL] [ORNL; Li, Husheng [ORNL] [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Stochastic scenario-based model and investigating size of battery energy storage and thermal energy storage for micro-grid  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Energy storage systems (ESS) are designed to accumulate energy when production exceeds demand and to make it available at the users request. They can help match energy supply and demand, exploit the variable production of renewable energy sources (e.g. solar and wind), increase the overall efficiency of the energy system and reduce CO2 emissions. This paper presents a unit commitment formulation for micro-grid that includes a significant number of grid parallel PEM-Fuel Cell Power Plants (PEM-FCPPs) with ramping rate and minimum up and down time constraints. The aim of this problem is to determine the optimum size of energy storage devices like hydrogen, thermal energy and battery energy storages in order to schedule the committed units output power while satisfying practical constraints and electrical/thermal load demand over one day with 15min time step. In order to best use of multiple PEM-FCPPs, hydrogen storage management is carried out. Also, since the electrical and heat load demand are not synchronized, it could be useful to store the extra heat of PEM-FCPPs in the peak electrical load in order to satisfy delayed heat demands. Due to uncertainty nature of electrical/thermal load, photovoltaic and wind turbine output power and market price, a two-stage scenario-based stochastic programming model, where the first stage prescribes the here-and-now variables and the second stage determines the optima value of wait-and-see variables under cost minimization. Quantitative results show the usefulness and viability of the suggested approach.

Sirus Mohammadi; Ali Mohammadi

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

International Microgrid Assessment: Governance, INcentives, and Experience (IMAGINE)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Canadian Solar. The all DC micro-grid project will utilizeand control) Secure micro-grid generation & distribution (Installation Smart Micro-Grid Islanded Installation High

Marnay, Chris

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Microgrids for Rural Electrification  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

microgrids, electricity market design, institutional barriers, and socio-political aspects of technology adoption to inform sound policy and private decision making. Ranjit Deshmukh is a researcher- partment of Engineering and Public Policy. He is the Director of the Carnegie Mellon Electricity Industry

46

Modelling Reliability of Train Arrival Times  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper deals with the scheduling of trains so as to minimise train trip times, whilst maximising reliability of arrival times. The amount of risk of delay associated with a schedule is used as the reliability component of a constrained schedule optimisation model. The paper outlines the model developed to quantify the risk of delays to individual trains, as well as to specific track segments and to the schedule as a whole. The risk model, which deals with single track operations, can be used to estimate the likely impact on reliability of arrival times of changes in train frequencies and operating practices; track and station infrastructure investment strategies; and train technology upgrading. An application of the model to the optimisation of schedules on a track corridor is described. The results obtained using the model are compared with the schedules used by train operations planning staff, in terms of overall delay and timetable reliability. The results highlight the significance of including a measure of timetable reliability, such as risk of delays, in the objective function for scheduling optimisation.

L. Ferreira; A. Higgins

47

Energy storage sizing for improved power supply availability during extreme events of a microgrid with renewable energy sources.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??A new Markov chain based energy storage model to evaluate the power supply availability of microgrids with renewable energy generation for critical loads is proposed. (more)

Song, Junseok

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

A reliability assessment methodology for distribution systems with distributed generation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Generation and Micro-Grid Networks. v TABLE OF CONTENTS CHAPTER Page I INTRODUCTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 A. Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 B. Distribution System Reliability... Generation and Micro-Grid Networks. v TABLE OF CONTENTS CHAPTER Page I INTRODUCTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 A. Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 B. Distribution System Reliability...

Duttagupta, Suchismita Sujaya

2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

49

Why Two Grids Can Be Better Than One -How the CERTS Microgrid Evolved  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Why Two Grids Can Be Better Than One -How the CERTS Microgrid Why Two Grids Can Be Better Than One -How the CERTS Microgrid Evolved from Concept to Practice Why Two Grids Can Be Better Than One -How the CERTS Microgrid Evolved from Concept to Practice Congress, concerned about the reliability of national electricity transmission, turned to the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) for guidance in the late 1990s. What started as a conversation about maximizing distributed generation to relieve stress on an overtaxed grid has evolved into on-the-ground applications. Proponents envision limitless industrial and commercial applications. Why Two Grids Can Be Better Than One -How the CERTS Microgrid Evolved from Concept to Practice More Documents & Publications Electricity Advisory Committee Meeting Presentations October 2011 -

50

Definition: Microgrids | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Microgrids Microgrids Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Microgrids A microgrid is an electrical system that includes multiple loads and distributed energy resources that can be operated in parallel with the broader utility grid or as an electrical island.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition View on Reegle Reegle Definition No reegle definition available, No reegle definition available., Distributed generation, also called on-site generation, dispersed generation, embedded generation, decentralized generation, decentralized energy or distributed energy, generates electricity from many small energy sources. Currently, industrial countries generate most of their electricity in large centralized facilities, such as fossil fuel nuclear or hydropower plants. These plants have excellent economies of scale, but usually

51

Effect of Heat and Electricity Storage and Reliability on Microgrid Viability: A Study of Commercial Buildings in California and New York States  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Modeling with Combined Heat and Power Applications,End-Use Survey combined heat and power Consolidated Edisonengine genset with combined heat and power (CHP) and power

Stadler, Michael

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Dynamics and challenges of microgrids implementation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Microgrids have the capability of operating on an island mode as well as an integrated mode with the smart grid, depending on the requirement and objectives. Recently, microgrids projects have gained popularity both in ...

Sabhlok, Vikalp Pal

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

State Estimation of the Micro-grid  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

For the goal of actual needs of power companies, this chapter develops a state estimation procedure of the micro-grid, using branch currents as state variables, ... In this chapter, an IEEE-33 nodes micro-grid is...

Jinling Lu; Guodong Zhu; Yuyang Miao

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

CERTS Microgrid Laboratory Test Bed  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

CERTS Microgrid Laboratory Test Bed CERTS Microgrid Laboratory Test Bed Title CERTS Microgrid Laboratory Test Bed Publication Type Journal Article LBNL Report Number LBNL-3553E Year of Publication 2011 Authors Lasseter, Robert H., Joseph H. Eto, Ben Schenkman, John Stevens, Harry T. Volkommer, David Klapp, Ed Linton, Hector Hurtado, and Joyashree Roy Journal IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery Volume 26 Start Page 325 Issue 1 Date Published 01/2011 Keywords distributed energy resources (der) Abstract CERTS Microgrid concept captures the emerging potential of distributed generation using a system approach. CERTS views generation and associated loads as a subsystem or a "microgrid". The sources can operate in parallel to the grid or can operate in island, providing UPS services. The system can disconnect from the utility during large events (i.e. faults, voltage collapses), but may also intentionally disconnect when the quality of power from the grid falls below certain standards. CERTS Microgrid concepts were demonstrated at a full-scale test bed built near Columbus, Ohio and operated by American Electric Power. The testing fully confirmed earlier research that had been conducted initially through analytical simulations, then through laboratory emulations, and finally through factory acceptance testing of individual microgrid components. The islanding and resynchronization method met all Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Standard 1547 and power quality requirements. The electrical protection system was able to distinguish between normal and faulted operation. The controls were found to be robust under all conditions, including difficult motor starts and high impedance faults. Keywords: CHP, UPS, distributed generation, intentional islanding, inverters, microgrid, CERTS, power vs. frequency droop, voltage droop.

55

Energy Security: Microgrid Planning and Design (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Energy Security: Microgrid Planning and Design presentation to be given at the 2012 WREF in Denver, CO.

Giraldez, J.

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

RTI International Develops SSL Luminaire Reliability Model  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

With the help of DOE funding, RTI International is developing and validating accelerated life testing (ALT) methodologies and a reliability model for predicting the lifetime of integrated solid-state lighting luminaires. Since data is essential to building this model, the technical literature in the electronics and lighting communities has been extensively utilized. However, the general lack of certified information on luminaire failure modes (for both SSL luminaires and older technologies) has required that a majority of the effort during this work focus on understanding what happens during the luminaire aging process. This information is being used to identify potential failure modes, understand variations across a given product line, and ultimately determine how long testing will take.

57

International Journal of Innovations in Engineering and Technology (IJIET) Optimal Rural Microgrid Energy Management Using  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abstract-The microgrid concept is a natural evolution of distributed resources that may be used to serve energy to customers in areas where conventional power system approaches cannot satisfy the reliability needs. Microgrids[2] may also provide support to conventional power systems that are too constrained to meet the power demands of customers. This paper presents a case study of a remote village dependent on agriculture, with no grid extension. The remote village consists of 400 people and 200 cattle including poultries, bovines, swine etc. The latitude and longitude of the study area are 30 32 N and 76 39 E respectively. The proposed model consists of Photovoltaic (PV) array, wind energy subsystem, micro hydro, biogas fueled generator and battery storage sub-system. The final goal is to maximize energy output from distributed energy resources (DERs) by Optimization using HOMER. Performance of each component of the model will be evaluated and finally sensitivity analysis will be performed to optimize the system at different conditions.

unknown authors

58

A Review of DC Micro-grid Protection  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper, an overview of DC micro-grid is described, which includes the status of DC micro-grid protection and its future development. The paper presents the key techniques of DC micro-grid protection. So fa...

Yuhong Xie; Jia Ning; Yanquan Huang

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Fault Diagnosis of Micro-grid Based on Petri Net  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Micro-grid is the next generation of distribution system, ... 2010). This chapter analyzes the characteristics of Micro-grid and describes the typical form of Micro-grid. Considering the requirements of protectio...

Hongxia Wu; Guoming Yang; Ailing Zhang

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

CERTS Microgrid Laboratory Test Bed  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Submitted to IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery Submitted to IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery Abstract--. CERTS Microgrid concept captures the emerging potential of distributed generation using a system approach. CERTS views generation and associated loads as a subsystem or a "microgrid". The sources can operate in parallel to the grid or can operate in island, providing UPS services. The system can disconnect from the utility during large events (i.e. faults, voltage collapses), but may also intentionally disconnect when the quality of power from the grid falls below certain standards. CERTS Microgrid concepts were demonstrated at a full-scale test bed built near Columbus, Ohio and operated by American Electric Power. The testing fully confirmed earlier research that had been conducted initially through analytical simulations,

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "microgrid reliability modeling" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

RELIABILITY COMPARISON MODELS FOR OFFSHORE WIND TURBINES (OWT)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

RELIABILITY COMPARISON MODELS FOR OFFSHORE WIND TURBINES (OWT) Yizhou Lu, T. M. Delorm, A. Christou of the reliability of these 5 Types Surrogate failure rate data Onshore wind turbines (OT) 1-1.5MW CONCLUSIONS., Faulstich, S. & van Bussel G. J. W. Reliability & availability of wind turbine electrical & electronic

Bernstein, Joseph B.

62

Distributed Generation Investment by a Microgrid Under Uncertainty  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

flexibility. The DG investment opportunity is similar to aDistributed Generation Investment by a Microgrid Under06 Distributed Generation Investment by a Microgrid Under

Siddiqui, Afzal; Marnay, Chris

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

The Advanced Microgrid: Integration and Integration and Interoperabili...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Advanced Microgrid: Integration and Integration and Interoperability (March 2014) This white paper provides a synopsis of many elements of microgrid component technologies and...

64

Distributed Generation Investment by a Microgrid Under Uncertainty  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

option on natural gas generation, which increases in valueL ABORATORY Distributed Generation Investment by a MicrogridORMMES06 Distributed Generation Investment by a Microgrid

Siddiqui, Afzal; Marnay, Chris

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

Microgrid Design, Development and Demonstration - Final Report for Phase I and Phase II  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document constitutes GEs final report for the Microgrid Design, Development and Demonstration program for DOEs Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability, Award DE-FC02-05CH11349. It contains the final report for Phase I in Appendix I, and the results the work performed in Phase II. The program goal was to develop and demonstrate a Microgrid Energy Management (MEM) framework for a broad set of Microgrid applications that provides unified controls, protection, and energy management. This project contributed to the achievement of the U.S. Department of Energys Renewable and Distributed Systems Integration Program goals by developing a fully automated power delivery microgrid network that: - Reduces carbon emissions and emissions of other air pollutants through increased use of optimally dispatched renewable energy, - Increases asset use through integration of distributed systems, - Enhances reliability, security, and resiliency from microgrid applications in critical infrastructure protection, constrained areas of the electric grid, etc. - Improves system efficiency with on-site, distributed generation and improved economic efficiency through demand-side management.

Sumit Bose; Michael Krok

2011-02-08T23:59:59.000Z

66

Smart microgrid operational planning considering multiple demand response programs  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Microgrid (MG) is one of the important blocks in the future smart distribution systems. The scheduling pattern of MGs affects distribution system operation. Also the optimal scheduling of MGs will result in reliable and economical operation of distribution system. In this paper an operational planning model of a MG which considers multiple demand response programs is proposed. In the proposed approach all types of loads can participate in demand response programs which will be considered in either energy or reserve scheduling. Also the renewable distributed generation uncertainty is covered by reserve provided by both Distributed Generations (DGs) and responsive loads. The novelty of this paper is the demand side participation in energy and reserve scheduling simultaneously. Furthermore the energy and reserve scheduling is proposed for day-ahead and real-time. The proposed model was tested on a typical MG system and the results show that running demand response programs will reduce total operation cost of MG and cause more efficient use of resources.

Alireza Zakariazadeh; Shahram Jadid

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

Improved Usage Model for Web Application Reliability Testing .  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Testing the reliability of an application usually requires a good usage model that accurately captures the likely sequences of inputs that the application will receive (more)

Wan, Bo

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Reliability Models for Facility Location: The Expected Failure Cost ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Reliability Models for Facility Location: The Expected Failure Cost Case. Lawrence V. Snyder (larry.snyder ***at*** lehigh.edu) Mark S. Daskin (m-daskin *

Lawrence V. Snyder

69

A model and framework for reliable build systems Derrick Coetzee  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A model and framework for reliable build systems Derrick Coetzee Anand Bhaskar George Necula, requires prior specific permission. #12;A model and framework for reliable build systems Derrick Coetzee- distributed, incremental, parallel build systems. We de- fine a general model for resources accessed by build

Necula, George

70

Assessing the reliability of linear dynamic transformer thermal modelling  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Assessing the reliability of linear dynamic transformer thermal modelling X. Mao, D.J. Tylavsky and G.A. McCulla Abstract: Improving the utilisation of transformers requires that the hot-spot and top. An alternative method for assessing transformer model reliability is provided. 1 Introduction The maximally

71

Self-triggered Communication Enabled Control of Distributed Generation in Microgrids  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Tahir Member, IEEE Dept. of Elect. Eng. and Al-Khwarizmi Institute of Comp. Science University. System reliability for secondary control in microgrids can be improved by using a distributed cooperative control approach. For realizing the cooperative control of multiple DGs in smart-grid, a multi-agent based

Mazumder, Sudip K.

72

The Advanced Microgrid: Integration and Integration and Interoperability (March 2014)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This white paper provides a synopsis of many elements of microgrid component technologies and system configurations that can subsequently be used for an advanced microgrid development activity. The paper offers a compilation of microgrid status, advanced microgrid goals and requirements, new challenges and opportunities, tools for designs, and tools to strengthen infrastructure and standards activities.

73

A Green Prison: The Santa Rita Jail Campus Microgrid  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A large microgrid project is nearing completion at Alameda Countys twenty-two-year-old 45 ha 4,000-inmate Santa Rita Jail, about 70 km east of San Francisco. Often described as a green prison, it has a considerable installed base of distributed energy resources (DER) including an eight-year old 1.2 MW PV array, a five-year old 1 MW fuel cell with heat recovery, and considerable efficiency investments. A current US$14 M expansion adds a 2 MW-4 MWh Li-ion battery, a static disconnect switch, and various controls upgrades. During grid blackouts, or when conditions favor it, the Jail can now disconnect from the grid and operate as an island, using the on-site resources described together with its back-up diesel generators. In other words, the Santa Rita Jail is a true microgrid, or ?grid, because it fills both requirements, i.e. it is a locally controlled system, and it can operate both grid connected and islanded. The batterys electronics includes Consortium for Electric Reliability Technology (CERTS) Microgrid technology. This enables the battery to maintain energy balance using droops without need for a fast control system.

Marnay, Chris; DeForest, Nicholas; Lai, Judy

2012-01-22T23:59:59.000Z

74

Reliability modeling of demand response considering uncertainty of customer behavior  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Demand response (DR) has been considered as a generation alternative to improve the reliability indices of the system and load point. However, when the demand resources scheduled in the DR market fail to result in demand reductions, it can potentially bring new problems associated with maintaining a reliable supply. In this paper, a reliability model of the demand resource is constructed considering customers behaviors in the same form as conventional generation units, where the availability and unavailability are associated with the simple two-state model. The reliability model is generalized by a multi-state model. In the integrated power market with DR, market players provide the demand reduction and generation, which are represented by an equivalent multi-state demand response and generation, respectively. The reliability indices of the system and load point are evaluated using the optimal power flow by minimizing the summation of load curtailments with various constraints.

Hyung-Geun Kwag; Jin-O Kim

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Transformer Thermal Modeling: Improving Reliability Using Data Quality Control  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Transformer Thermal Modeling: Improving Reliability Using Data Quality Control Daniel J. Tylavsky--Eventually all large transformers will be dynamically loaded using models updated regularly from field measured data. Models obtained from measured data give more accurate results than models based on transformer

76

Improved load models for multi-area reliability calculations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

IMPROVED LOAD MODELS FOR MULTI-AREA RELIABILITY CALCULATIONS A Thesis by SANJESH PATHAK Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas ARM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May... 1992 Major Subject: Electrical Engineering IMPROVED LOAD MODELS FOR MULTI-AREA RELIABILITY CALCULATIONS A Thesis by SAN JESH PATHAK Approved as to style and content by: Chanan Singh (Chair of Committee) Prasad Enjeti (Member) Ces . Mal, e...

Pathak, Sanjesh

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

Models for Battery Reliability and Lifetime  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Models describing battery degradation physics are needed to more accurately understand how battery usage and next-generation battery designs can be optimized for performance and lifetime. Such lifetime models may also reduce the cost of battery aging experiments and shorten the time required to validate battery lifetime. Models for chemical degradation and mechanical stress are reviewed. Experimental analysis of aging data from a commercial iron-phosphate lithium-ion (Li-ion) cell elucidates the relative importance of several mechanical stress-induced degradation mechanisms.

Smith, K.; Wood, E.; Santhanagopalan, S.; Kim, G. H.; Neubauer, J.; Pesaran, A.

2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Action Models: A Reliability Modeling Formalism for Fault-Tolerant Distributed Computing Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Action Models: A Reliability Modeling Formalism for Fault-Tolerant Distributed Computing Systems. Introduction Model-based evaluation of the reliability of distributed systems has traditionally required expert- proach to analyze the reliability of fault-tolerant distributed systems. More in particular, we want

Newcastle upon Tyne, University of

79

Conditional Reliability Modeling of Short-term River Basin Management  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CONDITIONAL RELIABILITY MODELING OF SHORT-TERM RIVER BASIN MANAGEMENT ASCE Texas Section Spring Meeting 2003 By: A.Andr?s Salazar, Ph.D. Freese and Nichols, Inc. and Ralph A. Wurbs, P.E., Ph.D. Texas A&M University 2 TEXAS WATER AVAILABITY MODEL...-88Year Storage (x 1000 ac-ft) Periods without shortage = 657 out of 672 (97.8%) What is the probability of satisfying demand when reservoir falls below 100,000 ac-ft? 9 CONDITIONAL RELIABILITY Statistical analysis of small sequences. Simulation 1...

Salazar, A.; Wurbs, R. A.

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

Micro-Grids for Colonias (OE 14.09) Kick-Off Meeting  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Micro-Grids for Colonias Micro-Grids for Colonias A Technology Development/Transfer Project Presentation to the DOE 2010 Smart Grid Peer Review Dean Schneider, Ph.D., PE Texas Center for Applied Technology Texas Engineering Experiment Station The Texas A&M University System d-schneider@tamu.edu The Problem * They call it "Luz Verde" - Colonias: Communities along the US - Mexico border lacking one or more essential services: water, wastewater, or electricity - Usually illegally subdivided - Small to large acreages - Low socioeconomic opportunities The Problem * Texas Model Subdivision Rules are in place to prevent additional Colonia development * Many residents economically cannot meet requirement in the near term A Solution * Install temporary micro-grid systems designed to provide essential levels of

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "microgrid reliability modeling" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Stability analysis and reactive power compensation issue in a microgrid with a DFIG based WECS  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper presents a novel methodology for compensating reactive power in a microgrid, having a DFIG based winddiesel system, to enhance the voltage stability of the hybrid system. UPFC as a FACTS device is proposed in order to improve the control of reactive power mismatch and the stability of the system. A small signal model of the winddiesel system, DFIG based wind turbine system, UPFC and the controllers are designed for the stability analysis. Further, the voltage variation and reactive power compensation is analysed with the incorporation of proposed ANFIS based UPFC controller. Simulations are performed in MATLAB environment for transient stability analysis in a winddiesel based microgrid with different wind power input and 2% step increase in load demand. Simulation results illustrate the efficiency and effectiveness of the proposed approach and its impact upon transient behaviour of the microgrid.

Asit Mohanty; Meera Viswavandya; Prakash K. Ray; Sandipan Patra

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Web-Based Economic and Environmental Optimization of Microgrids  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Our Contribution to Microgrids Technology research TestingEconomic & environmental technology selection Economic &Lai Environmental Energy Technologies Division January 20,

Stadler, Michael

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Analysis of electric vehicle interconnection with commercial building microgrids  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

energy costs, CO 2 emissions, or multiple objectives of providing services to a building microgrid produces technology neutral

Stadler, Michael

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Reliability Modeling and Evaluation in Aging Power Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Renewal process has been often employed as a mathematical model of the failure and repair cycle of components in power system reliability assessment. This implies that after repair, the component is assumed to be restored to be in as good as new...

Kim, Hag-Kwen

2010-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

85

Hybrid reliability model for nuclear reactor safety system  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The dependability of critical safety systems needs to be quantitatively determined in order to verify their effectiveness, e.g. with regard to regulatory requirements. Since modular redundant safety systems are not required for normal operation, their reliability is strongly dependent on periodic inspection. Several modeling methods for the quantitative assessment of dependability are described in the literature, with a broad variation in complexity and modeling power. Static modeling techniques such as fault tree analysis (FTA) or reliability block diagrams (RBD) are not capable of capturing redundancy and repair or test activities. Dynamic state space based models such as continuous time Markov chains (CTMC) are more powerful but often result in very large, intractable models. Moreover, exponentially distributed state residence times are not a correct representation of actual residence times associated with repair activities or periodic inspection. In this study, a hybrid model combines a system level RBD with a CTMC to describe the dynamics. The effects of periodic testing are modeled by redistributing state probabilities at deterministic test times. Applying the method to the primary safety shutdown system of the BR2(Belgian Reactor 2)nuclear research reactor, resulted in a quantitative as well as a qualitative assessment of its reliability.

Steven Verlinden; Geert Deconinck; Bernard Coup

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

2012 SG Peer Review - SDE&G Borrego Springs Microgrid - Tom Bialek, SDG&E  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Peer Review Meeting Peer Review Meeting SDG&E Borrego Springs Microgrid Demonstration Project Thomas Bialek, PhD, PE Principal Investigator June 8, 2012 December 2008 Borrego Springs Microgrid Demonstration Project Objective Life-cycle Funding ($K) Budget Period 1 FY2008 - FY2010 Budget Period 2 FY2011 - FY2013 Total DOE Funding $1,241 $6,237 $7,477 Technical Scope Conduct a pilot scale "proof-of concept" demonstration of how advanced information- based technologies and distributed energy resources (DER) may increase asset utilization and reliability of the power grid in support of the national agenda. Establish a microgrid demonstration to prove the effectiveness of integrating multiple DER technologies, energy storage, feeder automation system technologies, and outage management

87

The performance of a grid-tied microgrid with hydrogen storage and a hydrogen fuel cell stack  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In a heat-power system, the use of distributed energy generation and storage not only improves systems efficiency and reliability but also reduce the emission. This paper is focused on the comprehensive performance evaluation of a grid-tied microgrid, which consists of a PV system, a hydrogen fuel cell stack, a PEM electrolyzer, and a hydrogen tank. Electricity and heat are generated in this system, to meet the local electric and heat demands. The surplus electricity can be stored as hydrogen, which is supplied to the fuel cell stack to generate heat and power as needed. The performance of the microgrid is comprehensively evaluated and is compared with another microgrid without a fuel cell stack. As a result, the emission and the service quality in the first system are higher than those in the second one. But they both have the same overall performance.

Linfeng Zhang; Jing Xiang

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Department of Mechanical Engineering Presents: "Towards Optimal Investment, Planning and Control of Microgrids"  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on the optimal investment, planning, and control of distributed micro-grids. A micro-grid is characterized by its.University campuses and emerging advanced sustainable communities are examples of micro-grids. Our planning

Keaveny, Tony

89

Power Characteristics of a Fuel Cell Micro-grid with Wind Power Generation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A micro-grid technique is predicted to be effective with ... , when renewable energy is connected to a micro-grid, there is potential to reduce the amount ... discharge [21, 22, 91]. A micro-grid has an interconn...

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Reliability modeling and evaluation of HVDC power transmission systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objective of this paper is to present an improved computational method for evaluating the reliability indices of HVdc transmission systems. The developed models and computational techniques are described. These can be used to simulate the operational practices and characteristics of a system under study efficiently and realistically. This method is based on the failure modes and effects analysis and uses the event tree method and the minimal cut set approach to represent the system's operational behavior and deduce the appropriate system's failure modes. A set of five reliability indices is evaluated for each output node being analyzed together with the probability and frequency of encountering particular regions of system performance levels. The analysis of an assumed HVdc bipolar transmission system is also included.

Dialynas, E.N.; Koskolos, N.C. (National Technical Univ., Athens (Greece). Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering)

1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Decentralized demandsupply matching using community microgrids and consumer demand response: A scenario analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Developing countries constantly face the challenge of reliably matching electricity supply to increasing consumer demand. The traditional policy decisions of increasing supply and reducing demand centrally, by building new power plants and/or load shedding, have been insufficient. Locally installed microgrids along with consumer demand response can be suitable decentralized options to augment the centralized grid based systems and plug the demandsupply gap. The objectives of this paper are to: (1) develop a framework to identify the appropriate decentralized energy options for demandsupply matching within a community, and, (2) determine which of these options can suitably plug the existing demandsupply gap at varying levels of grid unavailability. A scenario analysis framework is developed to identify and assess the impact of different decentralized energy options at a community level and demonstrated for a typical urban residential community Vijayanagar, Bangalore in India. A combination of LPG based CHP microgrid and proactive demand response by the community is the appropriate option that enables the Vijayanagar community to meet its energy needs 24/7 in a reliable, cost-effective manner. The paper concludes with an enumeration of the barriers and feasible strategies for the implementation of community microgrids in India based on stakeholder inputs.

Kumudhini Ravindra; Parameshwar P. Iyer

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Modelling repairable system reliability with explanatory variables and repair and maintenance actions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......hazards modeling in reliability analysis-an application to...model to light water reactor component failure data...SGATTI,S.(2003) Reliability in automotive electronics...1972a) The statistical analysis of dependencies in point......

Diederik Lugtigheid; agan Banjevic; Andrew K. S. Jardine

2004-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

Integrating Photovoltaic Inverter Reliability into Energy Yield Estimation with Markov Models  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Integrating Photovoltaic Inverter Reliability into Energy Yield Estimation with Markov Models of the inverters. Keywords-Photovoltaic energy conversion, Markov reliability models, utility-interactive inverters, energy yield estimation. I. INTRODUCTION Photovoltaic systems have gained prominence as economically

Liberzon, Daniel

94

Grid Simulator for Power Quality Assessment of Micro-Grids  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Grid Simulator for Power Quality Assessment of Micro-Grids Joaqu´in Eloy-Garc´iaa , Juan C-to-back to a 380 V three-phase grid and feeding a micro-grid composed of two inverter interfaced distributed of the simulator. Finally, a case study is presented by testing a micro-grid. Index Terms Grid Simulator, Power

Vasquez, Juan Carlos

95

Expert energy management of a micro-grid considering wind energy uncertainty  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Recently, the use of wind generation has rapidly increased in micro-grids. Due to the fluctuation of wind power, it is difficult to schedule wind turbines (WTs) with other distributed energy resources (DERs). In this paper, we propose an expert energy management system (EEMS) for optimal operation of \\{WTs\\} and other \\{DERs\\} in an interconnected micro-grid. The main purpose of the proposed EEMS is to find the optimal set points of \\{DERs\\} and storage devices, in such a way that the total operation cost and the net emission are simultaneously minimized. The EEMS consists of wind power forecasting module, smart energy storage system (ESS) module and optimization module. For optimal scheduling of WTs, the power forecasting module determines the possible available capacity of wind generation in the micro-grid. To do this, first, an artificial neural network (ANN) is used to forecast wind speed. Then, the obtaining results are used considering forecasting uncertainty by the probabilistic concept of confidence interval. To reduce the fluctuations of wind power generation and improve the micro-grid performances, a smart energy storage system (ESS) module is used. For optimal management of the ESS, the comprehensive mathematical model with practical constraints is extracted. Finally, an efficient modified Bacterial Foraging Optimization (MBFO) module is proposed to solve the multi-objective problem. An interactive fuzzy satisfying method is also used to simulate the trade-off between the conflicting objectives (cost and emission). To evaluate the proposed algorithm, the EEMS is applied to a typical micro-grid which consists of various DERs, smart ESS and electrical loads. The results show that the EEMS can effectively coordinate the power generation of \\{DERs\\} and ESS with respect to economic and environmental considerations.

Mehdi Motevasel; Ali Reza Seifi

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

The Advanced Microgrid: Integration and Integration and Interoperabili...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

standards activities. It complements workshop reports and information provided by OE's Smart Grid R&D Program and other microgrid conference proceedings. With their...

97

International Microgrid Assessment: Governance, INcentives, and Experience (IMAGINE)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

microgrids 3. Match technology with end-use requirements 4.Ministry of Science and Technology, and National EnergyNew Energy and Industrial Technology Organization), Nippon

Marnay, Chris

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

International Microgrid Assessment: Governance,INcentives, and Experience (IMAGINE)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Heat pumps Diesel gensets CHP Fuel cell Microturbines Hydroor microturbines, possibly in CHP systems. Many renewableas well as targets for CHP. Microgrids offer the abilities

Romankiewicz, John

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

Your own energy "island"? ORNL microgrid could standardize small...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Your own energy "island"? ORNL microgrid could standardize small, self-sustaining electric grids (hi-res image) When Department of Energy and Oak Ridge National Laboratory...

100

Microgrids in the Evolving Electricity Generation and Delivery Infrastructure  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1. application of combined heat and power (CHP) technology,of microgrids, combined heat and power, heterogeneous PQR,reciprocating engines, combined heat and power technologies,

Marnay, Chris; Venkataramanan, Giri

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "microgrid reliability modeling" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Distributed Generation Investment by a Microgrid Under Uncertainty  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DG) and combined heat and power (CHP) applications matchedpower generation with combined heat and power applications,tax on microgrid combined heat and power adoption, Journal

Siddiqui, Afzal; Marnay, Chris

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Webinar Presentation: Energy Storage Solutions for Microgrids (November  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Presentation: Energy Storage Solutions for Microgrids Presentation: Energy Storage Solutions for Microgrids (November 2012) Webinar Presentation: Energy Storage Solutions for Microgrids (November 2012) On November 7, 2012, Clean Energy States Aliance (CESA) hosted a webinar with Connecticut DEEP in conjuction with Sandia National Lab and DOE on State and Federal Energy Storage Technology Partnership (ESTAP). The four guest speakers were Veronica Szczerkowski (CT DEEP), Imre Gyuk (DOE), Matt Lazarewicz (CESA consultant), and Dan Borneo (Sandia). The combined presentations are available below. Webinar Presentation: Energy Storage Solutions for Microgrids (November 2012) More Documents & Publications Energy Storage Systems 2012 Peer Review Presentations - Day 3, Session 1 Fact Sheet: Energy Storage Technology Advancement Partnership (October

103

WindTurbineGenerator Introduction of the Renewable Micro-Grid Test-Bed  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Introduction of the Renewable Micro-Grid Test-Bed Dr. Wenxin Liu Smart Micro-grid and Renewable Technology University Topology of the Overall Experimental Platform Photo of the Micro-grid Test-bed Overview of the Micro-grid Test-Bed Cubicle #1: Main & PV Simulator PV Simulator: 3kW, 0~200V, 18A Unidirectional

Johnson, Eric E.

104

A Green Prison: The Santa Rita Jail Campus Microgrid Chris Marnay, Nicholas DeForest, and Judy Lai  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

A Green Prison: A Green Prison: The Santa Rita Jail Campus Microgrid Chris Marnay, Nicholas DeForest, and Judy Lai Environmental Energy Technologies Division January 22, 2012 http://eetd.lbl.gov/EA/EMP/emp-pubs.html presented in the Campus Microgrids Panel, 2012 IEEE PES General Meeting 22-26 Jul 2012, San Diego, CA USA This work described in this paper was funded by the Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability, Distribution System Integration Program of the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract No. DE-AC02-05CH11231. It also builds on work previously supported by the Consortium for Electric Reliability Technology Solutions with funding provided by the California Energy Commission, Public Interest Energy Research Program, under Work for Others

105

CERTS Microgrid Laboratory Test Bed - PIER Final Project Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objective of the CERTS Microgrid Laboratory Test Bed project was to enhance the ease of integrating small energy sources into a microgrid. The project accomplished this objective by developing and demonstrating three advanced techniques, collectively referred to as the CERTS Microgrid concept, that significantly reduce the level of custom field engineering needed to operate microgrids consisting of small generating sources. The techniques comprising the CERTS Microgrid concept are: 1) a method for effecting automatic and seamless transitions between grid-connected and islanded modes of operation; 2) an approach to electrical protection within the microgrid that does not depend on high fault currents; and 3) a method for microgrid control that achieves voltage and frequency stability under islanded conditions without requiring high-speed communications. The techniques were demonstrated at a full-scale test bed built near Columbus, Ohio and operated by American Electric Power. The testing fully confirmed earlier research that had been conducted initially through analytical simulations, then through laboratory emulations, and finally through factory acceptance testing of individual microgrid components. The islanding and resychronization method met all Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers 1547 and power quality requirements. The electrical protections system was able to distinguish between normal and faulted operation. The controls were found to be robust and under all conditions, including difficult motor starts. The results from these test are expected to lead to additional testing of enhancements to the basic techniques at the test bed to improve the business case for microgrid technologies, as well to field demonstrations involving microgrids that involve one or mroe of the CERTS Microgrid concepts.

Eto, Joseph H.; Eto, Joseph H.; Lasseter, Robert; Schenkman, Ben; Klapp, Dave; Linton, Ed; Hurtado, Hector; Roy, Jean; Lewis, Nancy Jo; Stevens, John; Volkommer, Harry

2008-07-25T23:59:59.000Z

106

Randomized auction design for electricity markets between grids and microgrids  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This work studies electricity markets between power grids and microgrids, an emerging paradigm of electric power generation and supply. It is among the first that addresses the economic challenges arising from such grid integration, and represents the ... Keywords: approximation algorithms, mechanism design, microgrids, power grid, unit commitment problem

Linquan Zhang; Zongpeng Li; Chuan Wu

2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

Hybrid Renewable Energy Investment in Microgrid Hao Wang, Jianwei Huang  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hybrid Renewable Energy Investment in Microgrid Hao Wang, Jianwei Huang Network Communications: {haowang, jwhuang}@ie.cuhk.edu.hk Abstract--Both solar energy and wind energy are promising renewable the hybrid renewable energy investment in the microgrid. We jointly consider the investment and operation

Huang, Jianwei

108

Grid Reliability Performance Metrics Using Phasor Data and Model-less Algorithms,  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Reliability Performance Metrics Using Reliability Performance Metrics Using Phasor Data and Model-less Algorithms, Prototype Development and Field Test Carlos Martinez - Advanced Systems Researchers (ASR) cmartinez@asresearchers.com June 27-28 2013 Washington, DC DOE/OE Transmission Reliability Program 2 Project Objective LOAD-GENERATION CONTROL RELIABILITY PERFORMANCE REALTIME MONITORING GRID RELIABILITY PERFORMANCE PHASOR BASED AND MODELESS REALTIME MONITORING RESEARCH, PROTOTYPE AND FIELD TEST ALL APPLICATIONS IN PRODUCTION PROJECT OBJECTIVES 3 Project Analytics Approach 4 Accomplishments to be Completed in FY 2013 * Deliver to MISO the Extended Prototype Functional Specification * Complete Research, Test and Validation of Grid Post- Disturbance Reliability Metrics

109

Distributed Generation Investment by a Microgrid Under Uncertainty  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Distributed Generation Investment by a Microgrid Under Uncertainty Distributed Generation Investment by a Microgrid Under Uncertainty Speaker(s): Afzal Siddiqui Date: July 24, 2006 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 This study examines a California-based microgrid's decision to invest in a distributed generation (DG) unit that operates on natural gas. While the long-term natural gas generation cost is stochastc, we initially assume that the microgrid may purchase electricity at a fixed retail rate from its utility. Using the real options approach, we find natural gas generation cost thresholds that trigger DG investment. Furthermore, the consideration of operational flexibility by the microgrid accelerates DG investment, while the option to disconnect entirely from the utility is not attractive. By allowing the electricity price to be stochastic, we next determine an

110

Architecture-driven reliability optimization with uncertain model parameters  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

It is currently considered good software engineering practice to decide between design alternatives based on quantitative architecture evaluations for different quality attributes, such as reliability and performance. However, the results of these quantitative ... Keywords: Architecture optimization, Monte-Carlo simulation, Parameter uncertainty, Probabilistic quality prediction, Reliability

Indika Meedeniya; Aldeida Aleti; Lars Grunske

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

System Reliability Model for Solid-State Lighting Luminaires  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This project is developing and validating a probabilistic reliability prediction tool, and accelerated life testing methodologies, to help lighting manufacturers and stakeholders answer two questions: (1) How can the promised reliability for a rapidly changing technology platform be ensured?, and (2) What will the usage and maintenance profiles be for a product that lasts 15 years?

112

Load Response Characteristics of a Fuel Cell Micro-grid with Control of the Number of Units  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The micro-grid is expected to reduce the discharge of ... in an emergency [2123]. A micro-grid technique connects energy equipment, such as an ... cooperating piece of equipment. In forming a micro-grid, the coo...

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Vehicle to Micro-Grid: Leveraging Existing Assets for Reliable...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of Renewable & Distributed Energy Resources, December 6-10 , 2010 * Albuquerque, New Mexico U.S. military bases, such as Fort Carson, are interested in opportunities to lower...

114

Fracture mechanics models developed for piping reliability assessment in light water reactors: piping reliability project  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The efforts concentrated on modifications of the stratified Monte Carlo code called PRAISE (Piping Reliability Analysis Including Seismic Events) to make it more widely applicable to probabilistic fracture mechanics analysis of nuclear reactor piping. Pipe failures are considered to occur as the result of crack-like defects introduced during fabrication, that escape detection during inspections. The code modifications allow the following factors in addition to those considered in earlier work to be treated: other materials, failure criteria and subcritical crack growth characteristic; welding residual and vibratory stresses; and longitudinal welds (the original version considered only circumferential welds). The fracture mechanics background for the code modifications is included, and details of the modifications themselves provided. Additionally, an updated version of the PRAISE user's manual is included. The revised code, known as PRAISE-B was then applied to a variety of piping problems, including various size lines subject to stress corrosion cracking and vibratory stresses. Analyses including residual stresses and longitudinal welds were also performed.

Harris, D.O.; Lim, E.Y.; Dedhia, D.D.; Woo, H.H.; Chou, C.K.

1982-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Policies and demonstrations of micro-grids in China: A review  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Micro-grids are effective concepts and systems to interface renewable and sustainable energy resources into utility, which has been paid significant attention. In this paper, the policies and demonstrations of micro-grids for researches and developments, as well as practical applications in China have been comprehensively reviewed. Many recent policies on renewable energy and micro-grids are summarized, which have been guiding and contributing the development of micro-grids in China. Additionally, the available micro-grids demonstrations in China are also introduced in detail. Finally, the emergency necessaries and trends of micro-grid applications in China have been concluded.

Zheng Zeng; Rongxiang Zhao; Huan Yang; Shengqing Tang

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Integrated offering strategy for profit enhancement of distributed resources and demand response in microgrids considering system uncertainties  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Due to the uncertain nature and limited predictability of wind and PV generated power, these resources participating in most of electricity markets are subject to significant deviation penalties during market settlements. In order to balance the unpredicted wind and PV power variations, system operators need to schedule additional reserves. This paper presents the optimal integrated participation model of wind and PV energy including demand response, storage devices, and dispatchable distributed generations in microgrids or virtual microgrids to increase their revenues in the intra-market. This market is considered 37h before the delivered time, so that the amount of the contracted energy could be updated to reduce the produced power deviation of microgrid. A stochastic programming approach is considered in the development of the proposed bidding strategies for microgrid producers and loads. The optimization model is characterized by making the analysis of several scenarios and simultaneously treating three kinds of uncertainty including wind and PV power, intra-market, and imbalance prices. In order to predict these uncertainty variables, a neuro-fuzzy based approach has been applied. Historic data are used to forecast future prices and wind and PV power production in the adjustment markets. Also, a probabilistic approach based on the error of forecasted and real historic data is considered for estimating the future IM and imbalance prices of wind and PV produced power. Further, a test case is applied to example the microgrid using the Spanish market rules during one week, month, and year period to illustrate the potential benefits of the proposed joint biding strategy. The simulations results, carried out by MATLAB/optimization toolbox.

H. Shayeghi; B. Sobhani

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

Reliability Modeling and Simulation of Composite Power Systems with Renewable Energy Resources and Storage  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This research proposes an efficient reliability modeling and simulation methodology in power systems to include photovoltaic units, wind farms and storage. Energy losses by wake effect in a wind farm are incorporated. Using the wake model, wind...

Kim, Hagkwen

2013-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

118

Reliability-yield allocation for semiconductor integrated circuits: modeling and optimization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This research develops yield and reliability models for fault-tolerant semiconductor integrated circuits and develops optimization algorithms that can be directly applied to these models. Since defects cause failures in microelectronics systems...

Ha, Chunghun

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Modified Microgrid Concept for Rural Electrification in Africa | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Modified Microgrid Concept for Rural Electrification in Africa Modified Microgrid Concept for Rural Electrification in Africa Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Modified Microgrid Concept for Rural Electrification in Africa Agency/Company /Organization: IEEE Sector: Energy Focus Area: Grid Assessment and Integration Topics: Co-benefits assessment, - Energy Access Resource Type: Technical report Website: ieeexplore.ieee.org/stamp/stamp.jsp?tp=&arnumber=1709540 UN Region: Eastern Africa, Middle Africa, Northern Africa, Southern Africa, Western Africa Language: English References: Modified Microgrid Concept for Rural Electrification in Africa[1] "With the population of 13.4% of the world and a land area of 15%, Africa has only 2% of the world's industrial capacity. Its per capita income is only 15% of the world average and only consumes 3% of world energy. Many

120

Localizing Micro-grids Research for the SE Asian Region  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Localizing Micro-grids Research for the SE Asian Region Localizing Micro-grids Research for the SE Asian Region Speaker(s): Cheng-Guan (Michael) Quah Valerie Choy Date: December 3, 2010 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 This presentation discusses developments (and test-beds) of micro-grids and distributed generation systems that are on-going in Singapore and poses the question as to whether simpler versions of such systems would be applicable to meet the challenges of rural electrification and energy poverty particularly those of its closest neighbors. Southeast Asia is an ethnically and culturally diverse region comprising more than 10 nations where 160 million people still live without electricity. Off-grid electrification for rural village communities and eco-resorts using DG and micro-grid systems are conceivable but many technical, political, cultural

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "microgrid reliability modeling" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Adaptive load control of microgrids with non-dispatchable generation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Intelligent appliances have a great potential to provide energy storage and load shedding for power grids. Microgrids are simulated with high levels of wind energy penetration. Frequency-adaptive intelligent appliances are ...

Brokish, Kevin Martin

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

CERTS Microgrid Laboratory Test Bed - PIER Final Project Report  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of AEPSC. DTC Registered Procedure CERTS Microgrid Test PlanTarget Group: Assigned Procedure Review Date: 23 Feb. 2008document is to establish procedures for testing of the CERTS

Eto, Joseph H.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Distributed Generation Investment by a Microgrid under Uncertainty++++ Afzal Siddiqui  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Distributed Generation Investment by a Microgrid under Uncertainty++++ Afzal Siddiqui University's decision to invest in a distributed generation (DG) unit fuelled by natural gas. While the long. KEYWORDS. OR in Energy; Distributed Generation; Real Options; Optimal Investment. 1. INTRODUCTION

Guillas, Serge

124

Hardware simulation of diesel generator and microgrid stability  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Over the last few years, people have begun to depend less on large power plants with extensive distribution systems, and more on local distributed generation sources. A microgrid, a local collection of distributed generators, ...

Zieve, Michael M

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

Design and implementation of a microgrid-capable solar inverter  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The notion of a practical microgrid -- a small, interconnected system of generators and loads that operates both synchronously with a larger, centralized grid and isolated from the grid, autonomously -- has grown popular ...

Darcey, Gavin M

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Distributed Generation Investment by a Microgrid under Uncertainty  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

power generation with combined heat and power applications.tax on microgrid combined heat and power adoption. JournalCHP Application Center. Combined heat and power in a dairy.

Siddiqui, Afzal

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Control Methods and Simulations of Micro-grid  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The micro-grids control methods and simulations are presented...P/Q control is adopted. However, the control method is changed to U/f...control when it turns to the islanded mode. To demonstrate the operation of...

He-Jin Liu; Ke-Jun Li; Ying Sun; Zhen-Yu Zou; Yue Ma

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Economic and Emergency Operations of the Storage System in a Microgrid.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? Storage system is one of the critical components of the microgrid. Storage system has broad applicability in short-term and long-term operations of microgrid. Storage (more)

Shaghayegh, Bahramirad

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Plug-and-play voltage and frequency control of islanded microgrids with meshed topology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

decentralized control scheme for Islanded microGrids (ImGs) composed by the interconnection of Distributed microGrids (ImG) has received major attention. ImGs are self-sufficient micro grids composed of several

Ferrari-Trecate, Giancarlo

130

Voltage and frequency control of islanded microgrids: a plug-and-play approach  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

propose a new decentralized control scheme for Islanded microGrids (ImGs) composed by the interconnection. INTRODUCTION In recent years, research on Islanded microGrids (ImG) has received major attention. ImGs are self

Ferrari-Trecate, Giancarlo

131

Micro-grid Environmental Economic Dispatch Using Improved Linearly Decreasing Weight Particle Swarm Optimization  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Comparing with large power grid, micro-grid is quite different in operation method, energy ... on the environmental economic dispatch of a simplified micro-grid which consists of photovoltaic generation, wind tur...

Gujing Han; Yunhong Xia; Wuzhi Min

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Unbalanced Three-Phase Power Flow Calculation Based on Newton Method for Micro-Grid  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Because of the connection of distributed generation to energy complementary micro-grid, there are multi-supplying points and loop ... power flow calculation based on Newton method for micro-grid is presented, in ...

Jiang Guixiu; Shu Jie; Wu Zhifeng

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

Micro-grids: Practical applications of grid technology to small distributed collaborations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Micro-Grids: Practical Applications of Grid Technology toof the normal use of the micro-grid we have been describing.Grid system that was used in the Matisse project. MEMS Technology Micro-

Lee, Jason R.

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Optimal Power Sharing for Microgrid with Multiple Distributed Generators  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper describes the active power sharing of multiple distributed generators (DGs) in a microgrid. The operating modes of a microgrid are 1) a grid-connected mode and 2) an autonomous mode. During islanded operation, one DG unit should share its output power with other DG units in exact accordance with the load. Unit output power control (UPC) is introduced to control the active power of DGs. The viability of the proposed power control mode is simulated by MATLAB/SIMULINK.

V. Logeshwari; N. Chitra; A. Senthil Kumar; Josiah Munda

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

An Automatic Load Sharing Approach for a DFIG Based Wind Generator in a Microgrid  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An Automatic Load Sharing Approach for a DFIG Based Wind Generator in a Microgrid M. A. Barik and H generator. An automatic load sharing approach for a doubly-fed induction generator (DFIG) based wind is useful to manage the load variation of a microgrid. Index Terms--DFIG, load sharing, microgrid, pitch

Pota, Himanshu Roy

136

Photocatalytic activity of ZnO films with micro-grid structure  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A layer of zinc oxide (ZnO) micro-grid was deposited on the surface of ZnO ... ZnO film and the regular arrangement of the micro-grid. The microgrid ZnO has a lower specular ... degradation experiments on methyle...

Chunzhi Li; Wenwen Wang; Junying Zhang

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

CARNEGIE MELLON UNIVERSITY Electric Power Micro-grids: Opportunities and Challenges  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CARNEGIE MELLON UNIVERSITY Electric Power Micro-grids: Opportunities and Challenges for an Emerging;Electric Power Micro-grids: Barriers and opportunities for an emerging distributed energy architecture ii the value of DERs is the micro-grid architecture, which builds on conventional continuous-use DER

138

Preparation of Micro-grid for the Electron Microscopic Observation with High Magnification  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......1958 letter LETTER Preparation of Micro-grid for the Electron Microscopic Observation...Japan L E T T E R Preparation of Micro-grid for the Electron Microscopic Observation...call this collodion net-work a micro-grid. Procedure of preparation (1......

S. Sakata

1958-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

A chronological probabilistic production cost model to evaluate the reliability contribution of limited energy plants  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The growth of renewables in power systems has reinvigorated research and regulatory interest in reliability analysis algorithms such as the Baleriaux/Booth convolution-based probabilistic production cost (PPC) model. ...

Leung, Tommy (Tommy Chun Ting)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

A nonlinear binary programming model for electric distribution systems reliability optimization  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents a new nonlinear binary programming model aiming to minimize the SAIDI and SAIFI reliability indices of a distribution feeder. Graph theory and a contingency simulation-based technique are used in the explicit formulation of the objective functions to accurately model the protection system response to faults and system reconfiguration practices. To ensure the solutions feasibility both technical and economic constraints are considered. An alternative economic constraint is proposed, taking into account the current locations of the protective devices and sectionalizing switches, which directly affect the utility costs for reliability improvement. To solve the proposed model, an optimization technique based on the branch-and-bound algorithm is used in this paper. Hence, this technique enables deterministic optimization of distribution feeder reliability by identifying types and locations of protection devices and sectionalizing switches, so that SAIDI and SAIFI reliability indices are minimized. Test cases are presented to illustrate the reliability optimization of a test feeder considering the use of different protection schemes and cost constraints. A value-based reliability optimization formulation is derived from the proposed model and its application to the test feeder is also illustrated. Additionally, the solutions obtained from the proposed model are compared with the solutions obtained from two other state-of-the-art models found in the literature. A comparative study is also carried out to evaluate the efficiency of the genetic algorithm in solving the proposed models.

G.D. Ferreira; A.S. Bretas

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "microgrid reliability modeling" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

RspSim A Simulation Model of the Reliable Server Pooling Framework  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

RspSim ­ A Simulation Model of the Reliable Server Pooling Framework Thomas Dreibholz, Martin Becke--This code contribution paper provides an overview of the RSPSIM model, which is a simulation model. Clearly, in order to evaluate RSerPool, an OMNET++-based simulation model ­ called RSPSIM ­ had been

Dreibholz, Thomas

142

Reliability models of wind farms considering wind speed correlation and WTG outage  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Wind speed correlation and wind turbine generator (WTG) outage are two factors affecting the reliability model of wind farms, but they are not addressed simultaneously in the existing literature. Meanwhile, WTG outage is reported to be dependent with wind speed to some extent. Therefore, the extended reliability models of wind farms incorporating both of these two factors and the dependency between WTG outage and wind speed are proposed in this paper. To consider the uncertainties and dependencies of wind speed and WTG failure, Copula method is applied to simulate correlated random variables representing for wind speed and the number of failed WTG units. Moreover, the linear apportioning technique is used to create multistate reliability models of wind farms from hourly wind power models. A number of sensitivity analyses on the modified IEEE RTS with wind power are conducted to validate the proposed reliability models for generation adequacy assessment. Case studies show that the generation adequacy indices increase with the correlation of wind speed and WTG forced outage rate (FOR). It is meaningful to point out that the effect of dependency between wind speed and WTG FOR on generation adequacy is minimal when WTG outages are independent, but it will be substantially larger when WTG outages are highly dependent. The proposed multistate reliability models of wind farms provide foundation for the reliability assessment of power systems with wind power integrated.

Fan Chen; Fangxing Li; Zhinong Wei; Guoqiang Sun; Jun Li

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Bayesian Modeling of Time Trends in Component Reliability Data via Markov Chain Monte Carlo Simulation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Markov chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) techniques represent an extremely flexible and powerful approach to Bayesian modeling. This work illustrates the application of such techniques to time-dependent reliability of components with repair. The WinBUGS package is used to illustrate, via examples, how Bayesian techniques can be used for parametric statistical modeling of time-dependent component reliability. Additionally, the crucial, but often overlooked subject of model validation is discussed, and summary statistics for judging the models ability to replicate the observed data are developed, based on the posterior predictive distribution for the parameters of interest.

D. L. Kelly

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

On modelling of grouped reliability data for wind turbines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Special Issue Maintenance Modelling...data for wind turbines F. P. A...generation by wind turbines (WTs) has...turbines or maintenance activities...generation by wind turbines (WTs) has...turbines or maintenance activities......

F. P. A. Coolen; F. Spinato; D. Venkat

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

Intelligent demand side energy management system for autonomous polygeneration microgrids  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Autonomous polygeneration microgrids is a novel approach in addressing the needs of remote areas. These needs can include power, fuel for transportation in the form of hydrogen, potable water through desalination and space heating and cooling. This approach has been investigated technically and economically and has proved viable. Further research has taken place in the supervisory management of this topology using computational intelligence techniques like fuzzy logic, which has optimized the concept minimizing the sizes of the installed components. The optimal design of the system can meet, though, only the design principles and needs. In reality experience has shown that most autonomous power systems operate out of specifications very shortly after installation or after a couple of years new needs arise and it is not possible economic wise for the people to extend it. In these cases the microgrid would struggle to cover the increased needs and in the end fail, causing blackouts. A solution to this is partial load shedding in an intelligent manner. This paper presents a multi agent system for intelligent demand side management of the polygeneration microgrid topology which also includes grey prediction algorithms for better management. This approach can also be used for designing the optimal polygeneration microgrid for a given amount of an investment. The results show that the proposed intelligent demand side management system can address its design principles successfully and guaranty the most effective operation even in conditions near and over the limits of the design specification of the autonomous polygeneration microgrid.

George Kyriakarakos; Dimitrios D. Piromalis; Anastasios I. Dounis; Konstantinos G. Arvanitis; George Papadakis

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

Reliability Analysis of Electric Power Systems Using an Object-oriented Hybrid Modeling Approach  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The ongoing evolution of the electric power systems brings about the need to cope with increasingly complex interactions of technical components and relevant actors. In order to integrate a more comprehensive spectrum of different aspects into a probabilistic reliability assessment and to include time-dependent effects, this paper proposes an object-oriented hybrid approach combining agent-based modeling techniques with classical methods such as Monte Carlo simulation. Objects represent both technical components such as generators and transmission lines and non-technical components such as grid operators. The approach allows the calculation of conventional reliability indices and the estimation of blackout frequencies. Furthermore, the influence of the time needed to remove line overloads on the overall system reliability can be assessed. The applicability of the approach is demonstrated by performing simulations on the IEEE Reliability Test System 1996 and on a model of the Swiss high-voltage grid.

Schlpfer, Markus; Krger, Wolfgang

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

Lessons Learned from Microgrid Demonstrations Worldwide  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

include: high reliability distribution system, intelligentlocal distribution grid (with 99.9% reliability) is enoughReliability Efficiency Clean energy Local control Energy security Technology providers Transmission and distribution

Marnay, Chris

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

Challenges for a reliable shell model description of the neutrinoless double beta decay matrix elements  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Assuming that the neutrinos are Majorana particles and the neutrinoless double beta (0???) decay is observed a reliable 0??? matrix element is necessary to decide the neutrino mass hierarchy and the minimum neutrino mass. Many nuclear structure techniques including the shell model are presently used to calculate these matrix elements. In the last few years one could see a slow convergence of these results but not yet at a level of 20 several shell model effective interactions and varying other parameters finding results in a range that spans about 20In this contribution we describe challenges for obtaining reliable shell model 0??? matrix elements with emphasis to 76 Ge and 82 Se decays.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

DERIREC 22@Microgrid (Smart Grid Project) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

DERIREC 22@Microgrid (Smart Grid Project) DERIREC 22@Microgrid (Smart Grid Project) Jump to: navigation, search Project Name DERIREC 22@Microgrid Country Spain Headquarters Location Barcelona, Spain Coordinates 41.387917°, 2.169919° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.387917,"lon":2.169919,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

150

Physics-Based Stress Corrosion Cracking Component Reliability Model cast in  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Physics-Based Stress Corrosion Cracking Component Reliability Model Physics-Based Stress Corrosion Cracking Component Reliability Model cast in an R7-Compatible Cumulative Damage Framework Physics-Based Stress Corrosion Cracking Component Reliability Model cast in an R7-Compatible Cumulative Damage Framework The Risk-Informed Safety Margin Characterization (RISMC) pathway is a set of activities defined under the U.S. Department of Energy Light Water Reactor Sustainability Program. The overarching objective of RISMC is to support plant life-extension decision-making by providing a state-of-knowledge characterization of safety margins in key systems, structures, and components (SSCs). The methodology emerging from the RISMC pathway is not a conventional probabilistic risk assessment (PRA)-based one; rather, it relies on a reactor systems simulation framework in which

151

Physics-Based Stress Corrosion Cracking Component Reliability Model cast in  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Physics-Based Stress Corrosion Cracking Component Reliability Model Physics-Based Stress Corrosion Cracking Component Reliability Model cast in an R7-Compatible Cumulative Damage Framework Physics-Based Stress Corrosion Cracking Component Reliability Model cast in an R7-Compatible Cumulative Damage Framework The Risk-Informed Safety Margin Characterization (RISMC) pathway is a set of activities defined under the U.S. Department of Energy Light Water Reactor Sustainability Program. The overarching objective of RISMC is to support plant life-extension decision-making by providing a state-of-knowledge characterization of safety margins in key systems, structures, and components (SSCs). The methodology emerging from the RISMC pathway is not a conventional probabilistic risk assessment (PRA)-based one; rather, it relies on a reactor systems simulation framework in which

152

Modeling and Analysis of Price-Responsive Loads in the Operation of Smart Grids.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??In this thesis, a demand elasticity model is developed and tested for the dispatch of high voltage power systems and microgrids. The price obtained from (more)

Ramos-Gaete, Felipe

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

Multi-agent system for the operation of an integrated microgrid  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Operation of modern power system has become a complex problem as its focus has shifted to implementing smart grid techniques and integrating distributed renewable energy sources. Integrated microgrid is an innovative control and management architecture at distribution network level where several microgrids are electrically interconnected with each other. This paper presents a multi-agent system (MAS) for the operation of an integrated microgrid. A hierarchical control scheme is used for maximizing the power production output of local distributed generators and optimizing power exchanges among the microgrids as well as power exchange between the main distribution system and the integrated microgrid. This scheme was implemented on the multi-agent system. Simulation studies carried out on the developed system demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed multi-agent system for the operation of an integrated microgrid.

Thillainathan Logenthiran; Dipti Srinivasan

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

A Novel Virtual Age Reliability Model for Time-to-Failure Prediction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

counts, devices approaching physical feature size limits and nuclear plant comparable power densityA Novel Virtual Age Reliability Model for Time-to-Failure Prediction Yao Wang, Sorin Cotofana their relatively short operating lifetime. To overcome the MTTF weakness, this paper proposes a novel virtual age

Kuzmanov, Georgi

155

Interoperability between a dynamic reliability modeling and a Systems Engineering process Principles and Case Study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

element for interoperability with the tools and activities required for a dynamic reliability assessment. The case study is the dynamic assessment of availability of a feed-water control system in a power plant steam generator, presented in previous articles. Keywords: Systems engineering, systems modeling, RAMS

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

156

Hierarchical Control and Management of Virtual Microgrids for Vehicle Electrification  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of electrical power generation and delivery. A Smart Grid is an intelligent and automated energy grid and new types of loads such as plug-in (hybrid) electric vehicles (PEVs); (2) optimizing systemHierarchical Control and Management of Virtual Microgrids for Vehicle Electrification Feng Lina

Zhang, Hongwei

157

Technical Report for "Hybrid Renewable Energy Investment in Microgrid"  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Technical Report for "Hybrid Renewable Energy Investment in Microgrid" Hao Wang, Jianwei Huang University of Hong Kong Email: {haowang, jwhuang}@ie.cuhk.edu.hk Abstract--Both solar energy and wind energy are promising renewable sources to meet the world's problem of energy shortage in the near future. In this paper

Huang, Jianwei

158

Sharing Renewable Energy in Smart Microgrids , Zhichuan Huang  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sharing Renewable Energy in Smart Microgrids Ting Zhu , Zhichuan Huang , Ankur Sharma , Jikui Su § Department of Computer Science, University of Massachusetts Amherst ABSTRACT Renewable energy harvested from the environment is an at- tractive option for providing green energy to homes. Unfor- tunately, the intermittent

Shenoy, Prashant

159

The Added Economic and Environmental Value of Solar Thermal Systems in Microgrids with Combined Heat and Power  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with or without combined heat and power (CHP) and contributein Microgrids with Combined Heat and Power Chris Marnay,Microgrids with Combined Heat and Power 1 Chris Marnay a) ,

Marnay, Chris

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

CO2 Discharged from a Compound Micro-grid of a Hydrogenation City Gas Engine and a Fuel Cell  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The introduction to a urban area of a micro-grid has the following advantages: (a) The ... built; and (c) with an independent micro-grid, the scale of equipment for distributing electricity ... is expected to bec...

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "microgrid reliability modeling" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Accounting for the effects of rehabilitation actions on the reliability of flexible pavements: performance modeling and optimization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A performance model and a reliability-based optimization model for flexible pavements that accounts for the effects of rehabilitation actions are developed. The developed performance model can be effectively implemented in all the applications...

Deshpande, Vighnesh Prakash

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

162

Designing a model for reliability improvement with FTA and FMEA techniques on medical gas outlet  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this case study of medical equipment industry, a reliability improvement cycle was conducted about medical gas outlet. Outlet connects four main hospital gases including oxygen, vacuum, air and nitroxide from hospital gas lines to certain equipment such as flowmeter, suction and other medical equipment by adaptor. Outlet product was chosen because it is a necessary and sensitive product in a hospital, and a small mistake during its production and installation can endanger a patient's life. In this study, reliability allocation was initially carried out for outlet parts. Two valves and spring were identified as important parts by means of tools such as functional flow block diagram and N*N that recognised system parts and their relationships. Then, fault tree analysis (FTA), failure modes and effective analysis (FMEA) were performed. System reliability was calculated via Bayesian method. Finally, improvement and redesigning were performed for system. In this study, a new model was proposed for reliability improvement of the products. In addition, reliability of medical gas outlet was increased.

Marzieh Sadeghi; Mehdi Karbasiyan; Mehrzad Navabakhsh

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

A Framework for the Evaluation of the Cost and Benefits of Microgrids  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

networks," Electric Power Systems Research, vol. 79, no. 2,Microgrids," Electric Power Systems Research, vol. 80, no.resources," Electric Power Systems Research, vol. 77, no. 7,

Morris, Greg Young

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

A motor-generator and supercapacitor based system for microgrid frequency stabilization.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This research introduces an energy storage system to deliver microgrid frequency response. A doubly-fed induction generator (DFIG) and a squirrel cage induction machine (SCIM) are (more)

Crispo, Richard F.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Novel Approach for Calculation and Analysis of Eigenvalues and Eigenvectors in Microgrids: Preprint  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper proposes a novel approach based on matrix perturbation theory to calculate and analyze eigenvalues and eigenvectors in a microgrid system. Rigorous theoretical analysis to solve eigenvalues and the corresponding eigenvectors for a system under various perturbations caused by fluctuations of irradiance, wind speed, or loads is presented. A computational flowchart is proposed for the unified solution of eigenvalues and eigenvectors in microgrids, and the effectiveness of the matrix perturbation-based approach in microgrids is verified by numerical examples on a typical low-voltage microgrid network.

Li, Y.; Gao, W.; Muljadi, E.; Jiang, J.

2014-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

The Role of Microgrids in Helping to Advance the Nations Energy System  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Microgrids, which are localized grids that can disconnect from the traditional grid to operate autonomously and help mitigate grid disturbances to strengthen grid resilience, can play an important...

167

Energy Department Launches Microgrid Competition to Support Resiliency in Communities Across America  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

WASHINGTON Today, the Energy Department launched the Microgrid 2014 MVP Challenge, a competition to support resiliency and adaptation in communities across America.

168

Presentation to the EAC - Microgrids and DoD Facilities - Jeffrey...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

security and simple DR Ex. Dahlgren, Ft. Detrick, Tinker 8 Microgrid Path Degree of grid integration Degree of technical complexity Island mode operation Grid-tied operation...

169

NREL: Gearbox Reliability Collaborative - Gearbox Reliability Collaborative  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Publications Publications Screenshot of the cover of an NREL report, titled Gearbox Reliability Collaborative Project Report: Findings from Phase 1 and Phase 2 testing. The NREL wind research program's Gearbox Reliability Collaborative publishes reports and presentations of its activities. General Gearbox Reliability Collaborative Phase 3 Gearbox 2 Test Plan 2013 DOE/NREL Gearbox Reliability Collaborative: All Members Meeting Agenda 2012 Gearbox Reliability Collaborative Phase 1 and 2: Testing and Modeling Results 2012 Gearbox Reliability Collaborative Update: A Brief (Presentation) Jan 2012 Gearbox Reliability Collaborative Update (Presentation) April 2012 NREL Collaborates to Improve Wind Turbine Technology (Fact Sheet) 2012 Gearbox Reliability Collaborative - Phase 1 and 2 Overview

170

A competing risk model for the reliability of cylinder liners in marine Diesel engines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper, a competing risk model is proposed to describe the reliability of the cylinder liners of a marine Diesel engine. Cylinder liners presents two dominant failure modes: wear degradation and thermal cracking. The wear process is described through a stochastic process, whereas the failure time due to the thermal cracking is described by the Weibull distribution. The use of the proposed model allows performing goodness-of-fit test and parameters estimation on the basis of both wear and failure data. Moreover, it enables reliability estimates of the state of the liners to be obtained and the hierarchy of the failure mechanisms to be determined for any given age and wear level of the liner. The model has been applied to a real data set: 33 cylinder liners of Sulzer RTA 58 engines, which equip twin ships of the Grimaldi Group. Estimates of the liner reliability and of other quantities of interest under the competing risk model are obtained, as well as the conditional failure probability and mean residual lifetime, given the survival age and the accumulated wear. Furthermore, the model has been used to estimate the probability that a liner fails due to one of the failure modes when both of these modes act.

D. Bocchetti; M. Giorgio; M. Guida; G. Pulcini

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Abstract -This paper presents the coordinated control of distributed energy storage systems (DESSs) in DC micro-grids.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) in DC micro-grids. In order to balance the state-of-charge (SoC) of each energy storage unit (ESU--Droop control; distributed energy storage system (DESS); DC micro-grids; state-of-charge (SoC) I. INTRODUCTION ith the objective to electrify remote areas and energy islands, the micro-grid concept is gaining more

Vasquez, Juan Carlos

172

Equipment Plan of a Compound Interconnection Micro-grid Composed of Diesel Power Plants and a Fuel Cell  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Installation of the fuel cell micro-grid in an urban area is the technology ... Generally, as for the introduction of a micro-grid in a city area, the following points ... fuel cell by connecting PEM-FC to a micro-grid

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Advanced modeling and simulation to design and manufacture high performance and reliable advanced microelectronics and microsystems.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An interdisciplinary team of scientists and engineers having broad expertise in materials processing and properties, materials characterization, and computational mechanics was assembled to develop science-based modeling/simulation technology to design and reproducibly manufacture high performance and reliable, complex microelectronics and microsystems. The team's efforts focused on defining and developing a science-based infrastructure to enable predictive compaction, sintering, stress, and thermomechanical modeling in ''real systems'', including: (1) developing techniques to and determining materials properties and constitutive behavior required for modeling; (2) developing new, improved/updated models and modeling capabilities, (3) ensuring that models are representative of the physical phenomena being simulated; and (4) assessing existing modeling capabilities to identify advances necessary to facilitate the practical application of Sandia's predictive modeling technology.

Nettleship, Ian (University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA); Hinklin, Thomas; Holcomb, David Joseph; Tandon, Rajan; Arguello, Jose Guadalupe, Jr. (,; .); Dempsey, James Franklin; Ewsuk, Kevin Gregory; Neilsen, Michael K.; Lanagan, Michael (Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA)

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Micro-Grids for Colonias (TX)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report describes the results of the final implementation and testing of a hybrid micro-grid system designed for off-grid applications in underserved Colonias along the Texas/Mexico border. The project is a federally funded follow-on to a project funded by the Texas State Energy Conservation Office in 2007 that developed and demonstrated initial prototype hybrid generation systems consisting of a proprietary energy storage technology, high efficiency charging and inverting systems, photovoltaic cells, a wind turbine, and bio-diesel generators. This combination of technologies provided continuous power to dwellings that are not grid connected, with a significant savings in fuel by allowing power generation at highly efficient operating conditions. The objective of this project was to complete development of the prototype systems and to finalize and engineering design; to install and operate the systems in the intended environment, and to evaluate the technical and economic effectiveness of the systems. The objectives of this project were met. This report documents the final design that was achieved and includes the engineering design documents for the system. The system operated as designed, with the system availability limited by maintenance requirements of the diesel gensets. Overall, the system achieved a 96% availability over the operation of the three deployed systems. Capital costs of the systems were dependent upon both the size of the generation system and the scope of the distribution grid, but, in this instance, the systems averaged $0.72/kWh delivered. This cost would decrease significantly as utilization of the system increased. The system with the highest utilization achieved a capitol cost amortized value of $0.34/kWh produced. The average amortized fuel and maintenance cost was $0.48/kWh which was dependent upon the amount of maintenance required by the diesel generator. Economically, the system is difficult to justify as an alternative to grid power. However, the operational costs are reasonable if grid power is unavailable, e.g. in a remote area or in a disaster recovery situation. In fact, avoided fuel costs for the smaller of the systems in use during this project would have a payback of the capital costs of that system in 2.3 years, far short of the effective system life.

Dean Schneider; Michael Martin; Renee Berry; Charles Moyer

2012-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

175

Demo Abstract: Toward Data-driven Demand-Response Optimization in a Campus Microgrid  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Demo Abstract: Toward Data-driven Demand-Response Optimization in a Campus Microgrid Yogesh Simmhan-driven demand response optimization (DR) in the USC campus microgrid, as part of the Los An- geles Smart Grid of this project is to investigate techniques for demand-response optimization (DR) ­ cur- tailing the electricity

Prasanna, Viktor K.

176

Complementary Effect of Wind and Solar Energy Sources in a Microgrid  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Complementary Effect of Wind and Solar Energy Sources in a Microgrid M. A. Barik, Student Member. Index Terms--Microgrid, renewable energy sources, reactive power mismatch, solar integration, voltage-mass energy, etc. Of them wind and solar energy is broadly used for their characteristics. This paper presents

Pota, Himanshu Roy

177

Demand Side Management for Wind Power Integration in Microgrid Using Dynamic Potential Game Theory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Demand Side Management for Wind Power Integration in Microgrid Using Dynamic Potential Game Theory the intermittency in wind power generation. Our focus is on an isolated microgrid with one wind turbine, one fast, Wind Power Integration, Markov Chain, Dynamic Potential Game Theory, Nash Equilibrium. I. INTRODUCTION

Huang, Jianwei

178

A Secure Energy Routing Mechanism for Sharing Renewable Energy in Smart Microgrid  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Secure Energy Routing Mechanism for Sharing Renewable Energy in Smart Microgrid Ting Zhu Sheng, Binghamton, NY, USA Abstract--Due to volatile and rising energy prices, smart microgrids appear and wind turbines on every house sharing renewable energy among houses. How to efficiently and optimally

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

179

DECENTRALIZED VOLTAGE CONTROL TO MINIMIZE DISTRIBUTION LOSSES IN AN ISLANDED MICROGRID  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

power sources and energy storage systems such as batteries requires new power and voltage control-time voltage control algorithm that minimizes power losses for a microgrid supported by inverter based Microgrids can bring electricity power to rural communities or isolated military forward operation bases

Peng, Huei

180

Introduction to Distributed Generation and the CERTS Microgrid  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Introduction to Distributed Generation and the CERTS Microgrid Introduction to Distributed Generation and the CERTS Microgrid Speaker(s): Chris Marnay Date: December 3, 2002 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Kristina LaCommare This is a first in a series of at least 5 seminars around the winter break to survey Distributed Energy Resources (DER) research questions and various Berkeley capabilities available to address them. The electricity industry in industrialized countries may be about to reverse a century long trend towards ever larger scale, ever more centrally controlled power systems. The emergence of technologies that are competitive at small scales, close to loads, in large part because of the opportunities created to capture waste heat and locally control power quality might signal a radical

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "microgrid reliability modeling" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Microgrids in the Evolving Electricity Generation and DeliveryInfrastructure  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The legacy paradigm for electricity service in most of the electrified world today is based on the centralized generation-transmission-distribution infrastructure that evolved under a regulated environment. More recently, a quest for effective economic investments, responsive markets, and sensitivity to the availability of resources, has led to various degrees of deregulation and unbundling of services. In this context, a new paradigm is emerging wherein electricity generation is intimately embedded with the load in microgrids. Development and decay of the familiar macrogrid is discussed. Three salient features of microgrids are examined to suggest that cohabitation of micro and macro grids is desirable, and that overall energy efficiency can be increased, while power is delivered to loads at appropriate levels of quality.

Marnay, Chris; Venkataramanan, Giri

2006-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Prospects for Microgrids in the Republic of South Africa  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Prospects for Microgrids in the Republic of South Africa Prospects for Microgrids in the Republic of South Africa Speaker(s): S.P. Chowdhury Sunetra Chowdhury Date: October 12, 2011 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Chris Marnay The South African utility Eskom is the main key player for the energy business in South Africa. Eskom owns the electricity networks and most of the electricity generation, transmission and distribution leading to monopolistic energy market in the country. The South African economy is quite strong in the African Continent and the energy demand has been growing very fast in the country. Most of the current energy mix is coming from coal fired thermal power stations in addition with a small fraction from nuclear as well as open cycle gas turbine and a bit of hydro power.

183

The impact of large-scale distributed generation on power grid and microgrids  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract With the widespread application of distributed generation (DG), their utilization rate is increasingly higher and higher in the power system. This paper analyzes the static and transient impact of large-scale \\{DGs\\} integrated with the distribution network load models on the power grid. Studies of static voltage stability based on continuous power flow method have shown that a reasonable choice of DG's power grid position will help to improve the stability of the system. The transient simulation results show that these induction motors in the distribution network would make effect on the start-up and fault conditions, which may cause the instability of \\{DGs\\} and grid. The simulation results show that modeling of distributed generations and loads can help in-depth study of the microgrid stability and protection design.

Qian Ai; Xiaohong Wang; Xing He

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

High-Speed Shaft Bearing Loads Testing and Modeling in the NREL Gearbox Reliability Collaborative: Preprint  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Bearing failures in the high speed output stage of the gearbox are plaguing the wind turbine industry. Accordingly, the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) Gearbox Reliability Collaborative (GRC) has performed an experimental and theoretical investigation of loads within these bearings. The purpose of this paper is to describe the instrumentation, calibrations, data post-processing and initial results from this testing and modeling effort. Measured HSS torque, bending, and bearing loads are related to model predictions. Of additional interest is examining if the shaft measurements can be simply related to bearing load measurements, eliminating the need for invasive modifications of the bearing races for such instrumentation.

McNiff, B.; Guo, Y.; Keller, J.; Sethuraman, L.

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Performance of the Sendai Microgrid During the 2011 Earthquake and Tsunami  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Performance of the Sendai Microgrid During the 2011 Earthquake and Tsunami Performance of the Sendai Microgrid During the 2011 Earthquake and Tsunami Speaker(s): Keiichi Hirose Date: March 23, 2012 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Chris Marnay This seminar provides an overview of the Sendai Microgrid, and outlines its behavior during the earthquake and its aftermath. On March 11, 2011, an earthquake of unprecedented violence occurred in the Tohoku region, along Japan's Pacific Coast. The extremely intense vibrations severely damaged electric utility facilities, and the subsequent tsunami washed away many coastal towns and villages. The Sendai Microgrid at Tohoku Fukushi University, located northwest of downtown Sendai, had been built and demonstrated over the four years beginning in 2005. The Microgrid was

186

A critical review of methods and models for evaluating organizational factors in Human Reliability Analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This work makes a critical evaluation of the deficiencies concerning human factors and evaluates the potential of quantitative techniques that have been proposed in the last decades, like THERP (Technique for Human Error Rate Prediction), CREAM (Cognitive Reliability and Error Analysis Method), and ATHEANA (A Technique for Human Event Analysis), to model organizational factors, including cognitive processes in humans and interactions among humans and groups. Two important models are discussed in this context: STAMP (Systems-Theoretic Accident Model and Process), based on system theory and FRAM (Functional Resonance Analysis Method), which aims at modeling the nonlinearities of socio-technical systems. These models, however, are not yet being used in risk analysis similarly to Probabilistic Safety Analyses for safety assessment of nuclear reactors. However, STAMP has been successfully used for retrospective analysis of events, which would allow an extension of these studies to prospective safety analysis.

M.A.B. Alvarenga; P.F. Frutuoso e Melo; R.A. Fonseca

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

RELY: A reliability modeling system for analysis of sodium-sulfur battery configurations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In support of the Office of Energy Storage and Distribution of the US Department of Energy (DOE), Pacific Northwest Laboratory has produced a microcomputer-based software package, called RELY, to assess the impact of sodium-sulfur cell reliability on constant current discharge battery performance. The Fortran-based software operates on IBM microcomputers and IBM-compatibles that have a minimum of 512K of internal memory. The software package has three models that provide the following: (1) a description of the failure distribution parameters used to model cell failure, (2) a Monte Carlo simulation of battery life, and (3) a detailed discharge model for a user-specified battery discharge cycle. 6 refs., 31 figs., 4 tabs.

Hostick, C.J.; Huber, H.D.; Doggett, W.H.; Dirks, J.A.; Dovey, J.F.; Grinde, R.B.; Littlefield, J.S.; Cuta, F.M.

1987-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

Physics-Based Stress Corrosion Cracking Component Reliability Model cast in an R7-Compatible Cumulative Damage Framework  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This is a working report drafted under the Risk-Informed Safety Margin Characterization pathway of the Light Water Reactor Sustainability Program, describing statistical models of passives component reliabilities.

Unwin, Stephen D.; Lowry, Peter P.; Layton, Robert F.; Toloczko, Mychailo B.; Johnson, Kenneth I.; Sanborn, Scott E.

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

Science-Based Simulation Model of Human Performance for Human Reliability Analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Human reliability analysis (HRA), a component of an integrated probabilistic risk assessment (PRA), is the means by which the human contribution to risk is assessed, both qualitatively and quantitatively. However, among the literally dozens of HRA methods that have been developed, most cannot fully model and quantify the types of errors that occurred at Three Mile Island. Furthermore, all of the methods lack a solid empirical basis, relying heavily on expert judgment or empirical results derived in non-reactor domains. Finally, all of the methods are essentially static, and are thus unable to capture the dynamics of an accident in progress. The objective of this work is to begin exploring a dynamic simulation approach to HRA, one whose models have a basis in psychological theories of human performance, and whose quantitative estimates have an empirical basis. This paper highlights a plan to formalize collaboration among the Idaho National Laboratory (INL), the University of Maryland, and The Ohio State University (OSU) to continue development of a simulation model initially formulated at the University of Maryland. Initial work will focus on enhancing the underlying human performance models with the most recent psychological research, and on planning follow-on studies to establish an empirical basis for the model, based on simulator experiments to be carried out at the INL and at the OSU.

Dana L. Kelly; Ronald L. Boring; Ali Mosleh; Carol Smidts

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

System reliability prediction model based on evidential reasoning algorithm with nonlinear optimization  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper, a novel reliability prediction technique based on the evidential reasoning (ER) algorithm is developed and applied to forecast reliability in turbocharger engine systems. The focus of this study is to examine the feasibility and validity ... Keywords: Evidential reasoning, Forecasting, Nonlinear optimization, Reliability

Chang-Hua Hu; Xiao-Sheng Si; Jian-Bo Yang

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

2012 SG Peer Review - CERTS Microgrid Test Bed - Joe Eto, LBNL  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Peer Peer Review Meeting Peer Review Meeting The CERTS Microgrid Test Bed g Joe Eto Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory 7 June 2012 The CERTS Microgrid Test Bed Objective To lower the cost and improve the performance of clusters of smaller distributed energy resources and loads when operated in an integrated manner when operated in an integrated manner, i.e., as microgrids Life-cycle Funding Summary ($K) Prior to FY12, FY13, Out-year(s) Technical Scope The CERTS Microgrid Test Bed is being expanded through the addition of new hardware elements: 1) a CERTS- compatible conventional synchronous generator ; 2) an FY 12 , authorized , requested y ( ) 2500K 1000K 1000K 2500K energy management system relying on software as a service (SaaS) for dispatch; 3) a commercially available, stand-alone

192

2012 SG Peer Review - Smart Inverter Controls and Microgrid Interoperation at DECC - Tom Rizy, ORNL  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

g g Peer Review Meeting Smart Inverter Controls & Microgrid Interoperation at the Distributed Energy Communications & Controls (DECC) Lab ( ) D. Tom Rizy Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) June 7 th 2012 June 7 th , 2012 Smart Inverter (SI) Controls and Microgrid (MG) Interoperation Microgrid (MG) Interoperation Objectives * D l d SI l f l i l DECC Microgrid * Develop and test SI controls for multiple renewable/nonrenewable DER. * Develop MG controls and communication requirements for high penetration DER. * I l t MG t DECC L b Technical Scope * Implement MG at DECC Lab. * Transfer technology to industry. Life-cycle Funding Summary ($K) Prior to FY12 FY13 Out- Technical Scope * Develop advanced smart inverter control consisting of local droop (P-f, Q-V) control integrated with secondary closed

193

Toward data-driven demand-response optimization in a campus microgrid  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We describe and demonstrate a prototype software architecture to support data-driven demand response optimization (DR) in the USC campus microgrid, as part of the Los Angeles Smart Grid Demonstration Project. The architecture includes a semantic ...

Yogesh Simmhan; Viktor Prasanna; Saima Aman; Sreedhar Natarajan; Wei Yin; Qunzhi Zhou

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

A Framework for the Evaluation of the Cost and Benefits of Microgrids  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

tax on microgrid combined heat and power adoption," Journalas well as power (Combined Heat and PowerCHP) [4]. It hasand by providing Combined Heat and Power (CHP) [9],[16].

Morris, Greg Young

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Photocatalytic performance of TiO2 thin films connected with Cu micro-grid  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Aiming at reducing the recombination of photo-induced carriers in semiconductor photocatalytic process, we prepared TiO2...thin film with its surface modified by a connected Cu micro-grid via a microsphere lithog...

HaiLing Zhu; JunYing Zhang; TianMin Wang

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

Investigation on Control Issues in Power Converters for Advanced Micro-Grid Operations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper investigates a novel design concept, in which a hybrid power interface system (HPIS) is constructed to work smartly in various micro-grid (MG) operations. Some distributed generation (...

Tsao-Tsung Ma

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Micro-grid operation of inverter based distributed generation with voltage and frequency dependent loads  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Distribution systems are experiencing increasing penetration of distributed generation (DG). One attractive option is to use the available DG capacity during utility outages by forming planned micro-grids. Load sharing ...

Zeineldin, H. H.

198

Photovoltaic micro-grid in a remote village in India: Survey based identification of socio-economic and other characteristics affecting connectivity with micro-grid  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Load prediction is an essential component of the planning process of decentralized electricity supply systems based on micro-grids. However, accurate demand forecasting is a challenging task particularly for rural electrification projects. In this paper, actual operational data of a PV based micro-grid system in Sagar Island of India are analyzed in order to understand the role of different factors affecting households' connectivity, their electricity consumption and potential demands, thereby proposing an approach for planning (and designing) a micro-grid based decentralized electricity supply system. The analysis shows that potential demands for electricity within (as well as outside of) the current reach of the micro-grid are high and future expansion of the system would be effective by taking a 'phased approach of rural electrification. The analysis also shows that households with certain socio-economic characteristics have higher probability for connecting with the micro-grid and the relationship can be used to predict additional load requirements in case of grid extensions. Few recommendations for enhancing the connectivity further are also included in the discussion section of the paper.

Toru Kobayakawa; Tara C. Kandpal

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

To grate a liquid into tiny droplets by its impact on a hydrophobic micro-grid F. Lapierre, F. Zoueshtiagh, V. Thomy, and A. Merlen  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

To grate a liquid into tiny droplets by its impact on a hydrophobic micro-grid P. Brunet, F (Dated: November 30, 2009) We report on experiments of drop impacting a hydrophobic micro-grid

Brunet, Philippe

200

Lana'ai Hawaii: An Inside Look at the World's Most Advanced Renewable Energy MicroGrid  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This is a 47-slide presentation on the performance and operation of the microgrid on the island of Lanai with multi-megawatt solar PV generation.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "microgrid reliability modeling" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

The Added Economic and Environmental Value of Solar Thermal Systems in Microgrids with Combined Heat and Power  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Environmental Value of Solar Thermal Systems in MicrogridsEnvironmental Value of Solar Thermal Systems in Microgridsa) ABSTRACT The addition of solar thermal and heat storage

Marnay, Chris

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Modeling and Quantification of Team Performance in Human Reliability Analysis for Probabilistic Risk Assessment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Probabilistic Risk Assessment (PRA) and Human Reliability Assessment (HRA) are important technical contributors to the United States (U.S.) Nuclear Regulatory Commissions (NRC) risk-informed and performance based approach to regulating U.S. commercial nuclear activities. Furthermore, all currently operating commercial NPPs in the U.S. are required by federal regulation to be staffed with crews of operators. Yet, aspects of team performance are underspecified in most HRA methods that are widely used in the nuclear industry. There are a variety of "emergent" team cognition and teamwork errors (e.g., communication errors) that are 1) distinct from individual human errors, and 2) important to understand from a PRA perspective. The lack of robust models or quantification of team performance is an issue that affects the accuracy and validity of HRA methods and models, leading to significant uncertainty in estimating HEPs. This paper describes research that has the objective to model and quantify team dynamics and teamwork within NPP control room crews for risk informed applications, thereby improving the technical basis of HRA, which improves the risk-informed approach the NRC uses to regulate the U.S. commercial nuclear industry.

Jeffrey C. JOe; Ronald L. Boring

2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

International Microgrid Assessment: Governance, INcentives, and Experience (IMAGINE)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

increased distribution reliability, reduced congestion, andinclude: high reliability distribution system, intelligentthe local distribution grid with 99.9% reliability is enough

Marnay, Chris

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Parametric probability distributions in reliability  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Parametric probability distributions in reliability F.P.A. Coolen Department of Mathematical parametric probability distributions which are frequently used in reliability. We present some main as models for specific reliability scenarios. Keywords: Binomial distribution, Exponential distribution

Coolen, Frank

205

Power electronics reliability analysis.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report provides the DOE and industry with a general process for analyzing power electronics reliability. The analysis can help with understanding the main causes of failures, downtime, and cost and how to reduce them. One approach is to collect field maintenance data and use it directly to calculate reliability metrics related to each cause. Another approach is to model the functional structure of the equipment using a fault tree to derive system reliability from component reliability. Analysis of a fictitious device demonstrates the latter process. Optimization can use the resulting baseline model to decide how to improve reliability and/or lower costs. It is recommended that both electric utilities and equipment manufacturers make provisions to collect and share data in order to lay the groundwork for improving reliability into the future. Reliability analysis helps guide reliability improvements in hardware and software technology including condition monitoring and prognostics and health management.

Smith, Mark A.; Atcitty, Stanley

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

Functional reliability evaluation of an MTR-pool type research reactor core using the loadcapacity interference model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper presents the functional reliability evaluation of Tehran Research Reactor (TRR) core in normal operation. The concept of functional reliability, borrowed from reliability physics, uses the well-known resistancestress or loadcapacity interference model that is used in the structural reliability framework. To use the loadcapacity interference model, uncertainties of significant parameters in system performance are propagated into system dynamics modeled with RELAP5/Mod 3.2 using Latin Hypercube Sampling (LHS) method and exceedance probability (EP) model is used as quantification method. The proposed method in this paper solves a common problem in reliability analysis, i.e., lack of sufficient failure data in specific operating conditions. Although defining failure criteria in normal operation are difficult, this paper focuses on the application of multiple states criteria to determine the status of a system. The status of the reactor core in normal operation is considered multiple states regarding to a performance representative parameter that is temperature in this work. Outlet temperatures of fuel hot and average channels were selected to be performance indicators in normal operation. Consulting with TRR engineers and operators as well as safety analysis report, two failure states were considered exceeding 65.1C and 58.9C for the hot channel and 50.4C and 45.6C for the average channel as upper and lower limits respectively. The calculated reliability was 9.1e?01 with 95% of confidence interval, which is in good agreement with experimental results. Using sensitivity analysis in input parameters, it was concluded that the value of the heat transfer coefficient parameter in fuel has the most significant effect on the results.

Ramin Barati; Saeed Setayeshi

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

Reliability assessment in active distribution networks with detailed effects of PV systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A micro-grid is a cluster of distributed generators and...2]. The micro-grids are typically designed for bi-mode of ... operating in the grid connected mode, the micro-grid interchangeably imports and exports pow...

Zulu ESAU; Dilan JAYAWEERA

2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Design and Performance of Solar Decathlon 2011 High-Penetration Microgrid: Preprint  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energy Solar Decathlon challenges collegiate teams to design, build, and operate solar-powered houses that are cost-effective, energy-efficient, and attractive. The Solar Decathlon 2011 was held in Washington, D.C., from September 23 to October 2, 2011 . A high-penetration microgrid was designed, installed, and operated for the Solar Decathlon 2011 to grid-connect 19 highly energy-efficient, solar-powered competition houses to a single utility connection point. The capacity penetration of this microgrid (defined as maximum PV generation divided by maximum system load over a two-week period) was 74% based on 1-minute averaged data. Temporary, ground-laid conductors and electrical distribution equipment were installed to grid-connect the Solar Decathlon village, which included the houses as well as other electrical loads used by the event organizers. While 16 of the houses were connected to the 60 Hz microgrid, three houses from Belgium, China, and New Zealand were supplied with 50 Hz power. The design of the microgrid, including the connection of the houses powered by 50 Hz and a standby diesel generator, is discussed in this paper. In addition to the utility-supplied net energy meters at each house, a microgrid monitoring system was installed to measure and record energy consumption and PV energy production at 1-second intervals at each house. Bidirectional electronic voltage regulators were installed for groups of competition houses, which held the service voltage at each house to acceptable levels. The design and successful performance of this high-penetration microgrid is presented from the house, microgrid operator, and utility perspectives.

Stafford, B.; Coddington, M.; Butt, R.; Solomon, S.; Wiegand, G.; Wagner, C.; Gonzalez, B.

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

Electrical Substation Performability and Reliability Indicators Modelled by Non-Homogeneous Markov Chains  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the scope of operating safety in electrical substations, EDF is brought to perform reliability and ... availability computations. These computations declined on the substation performance are used to estimate ...

Agapios Platis; Nikolaos Limnios; Marc Le Du

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

Fault tree synthesis from UML models for reliability analysis at early design stages  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

System reliability analysis is often neglected at early design stages when design decisions change the system architecture rigorously. This is because appropriate methods are time consuming and require an in-depth knowledge about the applied method. ...

Christoph Lauer; Reinhard German; Jens Pollmer

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Package and board level reliability modeling of advanced CSP pakages for telecommunication applications.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Market for telecommunication products (e.g., mobile phones) is very competitive, demanding products which are more reliable, higher performance, lighter, smaller, cheaper, and shorter time-to-market. These (more)

Tee, Tong Yan.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

Time-Dependent Reliability Analysis of Nuclear Reactor Operators Using Probabilistic Network Models  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Human factors are very important for the reliability of a nuclear power plant. Human behavior has essentially time-dependent nature. The details of thinking and decision making processes are important for deta...

Yoshiaki Oka; Kenji Miyata; Hideki Kodaira

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Microsoft PowerPoint - DOD Microgrid 102513 SHORT.pptx  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Success Stories in DOE's Success Stories in DOE's ARRA Smart Grid Program Steve Bossart, Senior Energy Analyst Smart Grids & Microgrids for Government & Military Symposium October 24-25, 2013, Arlington, VA ‹#› Topics * OE ARRA Smart Grid Program * OE ARRA Smart Grid Progress * Case Studies/Success Stories * Life After ARRA Smart Grid ‹#› DOE OE ARRA Smart Grid Program ‹#› American Recovery and Reinvestment Act ($4.5B) * Smart Grid Investment Grants (99 projects) - $3.4 billion Federal; $4.7 billion private sector - > 800 PMUs covering almost 100% of transmission - ~ 8000 distribution automation circuits - > 15 million smart meters * Smart Grid Demonstration Projects (32 projects) - $685 million Federal; $1 billion private sector - 16 storage projects - 16 regional demonstrations

214

Fabrication of phosphor micro-grids using proton beam lithography.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A new nuclear microscopy technique called ion photon emission microscopy or IPEM was recently invented. IPEM allows analysis involving single ions, such as ion beam induced charge (IBIC) or single event upset (SEU) imaging using a slightly modified optical microscope. The spatial resolution of IPEM is currently limited to more than 10 {micro}m by the scattering and reflection of ion-induced photons, i.e. light blooming or spreading, in the ionoluminescent phosphor layer. We are developing a 'Microscopic Gridded Phosphor' (also called Black Matrix) where the phosphor nanocrystals are confined within the gaps of a micrometer scale opaque grid, which limits the amount of detrimental light blooming. MeV-energy proton beam lithography is ideally suited to lithographically form masks for the grid because of high aspect ratio, pattern density and sub-micron resolution of this technique. In brief, the fabrication of the grids was made in the following manner: (1) a MeV proton beam focused to 1.5-2 {micro}m directly fabricated a matrix of pillars in a 15 {micro}m thick SU-8 lithographic resist; (2) 7:1 aspect ratio pillars were then formed by developing the proton exposed area; (3) Ni (Au) was electrochemically deposited onto Cu-coated Si from a sulfamate bath (or buffered CN bath); (4) the SU-8 pillars were removed by chemical etching; finally (5) the metal micro-grid was freed from its substrate by etching the underlying Cu layer. Our proposed metal micro-grids promise an order-of-magnitude improvement in the resolution of IPEM.

Rossi, Paolo (University of Padova and INFN, Padova, Italy); Antolak, Arlyn J.; Provencio, Paula Polyak; Doyle, Barney Lee; Malmqvist, Klas (Lund Institute of Technology, Lund, Sweden); Hearne, Sean Joseph; Nilsson, Christer (Lund Institute of Technology, Lund, Sweden); Kristiansson, Per (Lund Institute of Technology, Lund, Sweden); Wegden, Marie (Lund Institute of Technology, Lund, Sweden); Elfman, Mikael (Lund Institute of Technology, Lund, Sweden); Pallon, Jan (Lund Institute of Technology, Lund, Sweden); Auzelyte, Vaida (Lund Institute of Technology, Lund, Sweden)

2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Microgrids in active network managementPart I: Hierarchical control, energy storage, virtual power plants, and market participation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The microgrid concept has been closely investigated and implemented by numerous experts worldwide. The first part of this paper describes the principles of microgrid design, considering the operational concepts and requirements arising from participation in active network management. Over the last several years, efforts to standardize microgrids have been made, and it is in terms of these advances that the current paper proposes the application of IEC/ISO 62264 standards to microgrids and Virtual Power Plants, along with a comprehensive review of microgrids, including advanced control techniques, energy storage systems, and market participation in both island and grid-connection operation. Finally, control techniques and the principles of energy-storage systems are summarized in a comprehensive flowchart.

Omid Palizban; Kimmo Kauhaniemi; Josep M. Guerrero

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

An analytical literature review of the available techniques for the protection of micro-grids  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract During the last decade, besides the rapid increase in the penetration level of Distributed Generation (DG) units of micro-grids, the connection of micro-grids as a developed technology to the existing distribution networks has also attracted much attention. One of the major challenges associated with the protection of micro-grids is to devise a proper protection strategy that is effective in the grid-connected as well as the islanded mode of operation. In order to deal with the challenge, many researchers have recently proposed various techniques. The purpose of the current study is to provide a comprehensive review of the available protection techniques that are applied to address micro-grid protection issues in both grid-connected and islanded mode. The most up to date relevant options are described and categorized into specific clusters. A comparative analysis is carried out in which the advantages and disadvantages to each technique are assessed. Lastly, after the appraisement of the existing protection techniques, some conclusions and suggestions are put forward for the protection of micro-grids in the future.

Sohrab Mirsaeidi; Dalila Mat Said; Mohd. Wazir Mustafa; Mohd. Hafiz Habibuddin; Kimia Ghaffari

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

A stochastic programming approach for optimal microgrid economic operation under uncertainty using 2m?+?1 point estimate method  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

By increasing concern over climate change and the security of energy supplies wind power and photovoltaic are emerging as important sources of electrical energy throughout the world. The wind speed at a given location is continuously varying. There are changes in the annual mean wind speed from year to year (annual) changes with season (seasonal) with passing weather systems (synoptic) on a daily basis (diurnal) and from second to second (turbulence). Common sense tells us that irradiation varies regionally with the changing seasons and hourly with the daily variation of the sun's evaluation. This paper proposes a new method for optimal management of MicroGrids under uncertain environments. In this study the 2m?+?1 point estimate method is used to model the uncertainty in the load demands the market prices and the electric power generation of the wind farms and the photovoltaic systems. The Weibull Beta and normal distributions are used to handle the uncertain input variables in this study. Moreover a Self-Adaptive Bee Swarm Optimization algorithm is presented to achieve an optimal-operational planning with regard to the cost minimization. In the proposed framework four different moving patterns are suggested in order to make an adaptive and robust optimization algorithm for different problems with different fitness landscape. In the devised method each bee self-adaptively chooses one of the proposed moving patterns according to a probability model to update its position. The proposed probability model is based on the ability of each strategy to generate more optimal solutions in the past generations. The efficiency of the method is validated on a typical microgrid.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

Building sustainable energy systems: Homeostatic control of grid-connected microgrids, as a means to reconcile power supply and energy demand response management  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The issue of worldwide over consumption and squandering of electrical energy has resulted in what one might call an energy obesity problem in terms of energy intake and its expenditure. It is indeed something that must change if modern society is to become sustainable someday. This is to be realized in conjunction with adequate government policies and innovative strategies aimed at effectively integrating non-conventional renewable energies (NCRE), with thriftiness and energy efficiency (EE) the three pillars of energy sustainability (ES) in today?s electric power systems generation and distribution infrastructure. This ought to be done in a way that incorporates them jointly, as part of a comprehensive energy strategy to propitiate a wider penetration of distributed generation (DG) solutions. Departing from mainstream literature on the subject, this paper proposes such strategies for integrating hybrid micro-generation power systems to the grid through homeostatic control (HC), as a means to reconcile power supply and energy demand response management (EDRM). These strategies can be designed and implemented in the microgrid?s supervisory control system for the purpose of eliciting EE and thriftiness in consumers to build ES in the system. The theoretical model behind the HC strategies is presented and a numerical example is provided, using real electricity consumption data of a small rural community in Chile. Upon examining a particular set of criteria designed to control renewable power (RP) supply from a grid-tie microgrid to residential consumers, simulation results show that the model proves effective when testing such criteria for different power supply scenarios. Particularly revealing is the role of the energy storage system (ESS) the energy buffer in the HC strategies being proposed and the difference that it makes in eliciting thrifty, efficient energy consumption as a result of individual and collective efforts to ensure energy sustainability of the system as a whole.

Franco Fernando Yanine; Federico I. Caballero; Enzo E. Sauma; Felisa M. Crdova

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

Added Value of Reliability to a Microgrid: Simulations of Three California Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

kW elec. ) solar thermal (kW) electric storage (kWh) thermalkW elec. ) solar thermal (kW) electric storage (kWh) thermalkW elec. ) solar thermal (kW) electric storage (kWh) thermal

Marnay, Chris

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

Regional protection scheme designed for low-voltage micro-grids  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract No selective protection exists in the low-voltage level micro-grid integrated with DG presently. To deal with this problem, a new type of micro-grid protection scheme based on fault component is put forward. To implement this scheme, the micro-grid is divided into several regions, and each region is regarded as the target of protection. As a result, not only the scope of outage is decreased in accordance with the action of the protection, but the economic requirement of protection arrangement is met. Taking the negative sequence component as the basic characteristic quantity, a variety of asymmetric faults effectively can be identified successfully. Considering the adverse effects of unbalanced load and the switching of large capacity single phase load, a low-voltage supplement criterion is introduced. The effectiveness of this protection scheme is verified with EMTDC based simulation tests.

Xiangning Lin; Rui Zhang; Ning Tong; Xianshan Li; Ming Li; Dexian Yang

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "microgrid reliability modeling" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Techniques for Modeling the Reliability of Fault-Tolerant Systems With  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents a step-by-step tutorial of the methods and the tools that were used for the reliability analysis of fault-tolerant systems. The approach used in this paper is the Markov (or semi-Markov) state-space method. The paper is intended for ...

Butler Ricky W.; Johnson Sally C.

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

August 22 ESTAP Webinar: A Solar Storage Microgrid for the Energy City of the Future  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

On Friday, August 22, 2014 from 1 - 2 p.m. ET, Clean Energy State Alliance will host a webinar to discuss a project to build a solar plus storage microgrid located in Rutland, Vermont. OE is partnering with the State of Vermont Public Service, Green Mountain Power, and Dynapower on a resilience microgrid that will combine 2.5 MW of solar generation with 4MW of energy storage. Webinar speakers include OE's Imre Gyuk, Energy Storage Program Manager. The event is free but registration is required.

223

Natural Circulation in Water Cooled Nuclear Power Plants Phenomena, models, and methodology for system reliability assessments  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In recent years it has been recognized that the application of passive safety systems (i.e., those whose operation takes advantage of natural forces such as convection and gravity), can contribute to simplification and potentially to improved economics of new nuclear power plant designs. In 1991 the IAEA Conference on ''The Safety of Nuclear Power: Strategy for the Future'' noted that for new plants the use of passive safety features is a desirable method of achieving simplification and increasing the reliability of the performance of essential safety functions, and should be used wherever appropriate''.

Jose Reyes

2005-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

224

Reliability Analysis of Settlement Using an Updated Probabilistic Unified Soil Compression Model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

data from a site on the Venice Lagoon using a Bayesian approach. The model to estimate settlement was developed based on this probabilistic soil compression model and is unbiased in nature. Using this model, unbiased settlement estimates were obtained...

Ambrose, Avery

2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

225

On Using Complex Event Processing for Dynamic Demand Response Optimization in Microgrid  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

On Using Complex Event Processing for Dynamic Demand Response Optimization in Microgrid Qunzhi Zhou is a key benefit of Smart Grids. However, existing demand response optimization (DR) programs fail. Demand response optimization (DR) is a cornerstone com- ponent of Smart Grids, and deals with managing

Prasanna, Viktor K.

226

Renewable generation and demand response integration in micro-grids: development of a new energy management and control system  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The aim of this research resides in the development of an energy management and control system to control a micro-grid based on the use of renewable generation and demand resources to introduce the application of...

Carlos lvarez-Bel; Guillermo Escriv-Escriv; Manuel Alczar-Ortega

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Influence of Metal (Au, Ag) Micro-Grid on the Photocatalytic Activity of TiO2 Film  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper, we prepared TiO2...thin film with the surface modified by a connected Au micro-grid via a microsphere lithography strategy, and the...2 film. The photocatalytic activity improved as Au loading incr...

Chao Cai; Junying Zhang; Feng Pan; Weiwei Zhang; Hailing Zhu

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Physical modeling of wind turbine generators in a small scale analog system  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This project represents the physical modeling and experimental test of a Doubly-fed Induction Machine (DFIM), in order to substantially analyze the characteristic behaviors of wind turbines and its use in the micro-grid ...

Wang, Xuntuo

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

An Electricity Trade Model for Microgrid Communities in Smart Grid  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Shahin Nazarian and Massoud Pedram University of Southern California Department of Electrical Engineering of being generated by a few far-off high-capacity generators and transmitted to end users, electrical will also vary as a function of time and weather factors, e.g., for a solar energy center, the power

Pedram, Massoud

230

Electricity Reliability  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability High Temperature Superconductivity (HTS) Visualization in the future because they have virtually no resistance to electric current, offering the possibility of new electric power equipment with more energy efficiency and higher capacity than today's systems

231

Microgrid dynamic response during the pre-planned and forced islanding processes involving DFIG and synchronous generators  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In this article, some important issues associated to the dynamic response of a microgrid system are addressed. In particular, issues related to the pre-planned islanding mode of operation, load shedding, loss of one generator and the failure to shed an unforeseen connected load are studied. In this context, the dynamic behavior results of a Doubly-Fed Induction Generator (DFIG) and two other synchronous sources (a diesel and a small hydro-generator) within a microgrid, are presented. The overloading condition can occur due to causes ranging from poor load schedule, inadequate switching of circuits within the microgrid, illegal connection of load by some low voltage consumers, etc. In most of the simulated conditions the microgrid generators resumed their operation after clearing the disturbance. However, under some critical conditions, like in the case of a considerably large load connected, the microgrid was unable to return to the pre-fault condition and even failed while trying to gain stability for this new load condition. Because microgrid systems normally have low equivalent inertia, it was also observed that very little to practically no overload can be accepted by the generators.

Ricardo Leon Vasquez-Arnez; Dorel Soares Ramos; Tesoro Elena Del Carpio-Huayllas

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Regenerative air energy storage for remote winddiesel micro-grid communities  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Remote communities beyond the reach of conventional electricity grids primarily rely on diesel generators (DG) to supply electricity. The systems in these communities are costly to operate because of the high price of transporting diesel to remote areas, and the low overall efficiencies caused by part-load operation of the DG. There is increasing interest to use wind energy converters (WEC) to supplement DG, thereby lowering the fuel consumption and operating costs. In order to use WEC to reduce the economic and environmental burden that DG have on remote communities, an energy storage system can be incorporated to buffer both generation and demand. This can avoid curtailment of the WEC, operate the DG at optimal efficiency, and reduce the necessary maximum installed generator capacities. Regenerative air energy storage (RAES) is a form of compressed air storage that is suitable for deployment in remote communities due to its ability to utilize waste heat from DG to boost the roundtrip efficiency of energy storage. This article presents a numerical model for a RAES system operating in a wind-diesel micro-grid. Simulations are run for varying WEC penetration levels and RAES energy capacities. The results show that in systems with WEC penetration less than 75%, increasing WEC capacity is more economic than adding a RAES system. Above penetration rates of 75%, the use of RAES achieves increased diesel savings with only slightly longer payback than simple wind-diesel systems. In the remote Canadian community case study, the optimal RAES system is 0.5MW and 1MWh with a WEC penetration rate of approximately 75%. A larger RAES results in further fuel savings, and thus environmental benefit, with only marginal increase in simple payback period.

Sebastian C. Manchester; Lukas G. Swan; Dominic Groulx

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Investigation of techniques to build generation system models for reliability evaluation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, the techniques to build this model are investigated in this thesis. By using the conventional unit addition algorithm, the number of states generated is large and this effects the time taken to build this model The reduction in the number of states results...

Gubbala, Nagalakshmi V.

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

234

A mid-layer model for human reliability analysis : understanding the cognitive causes of human failure events.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Office of Nuclear Regulatory Research (RES) at the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (USNRC) is sponsoring work in response to a Staff Requirements Memorandum (SRM) directing an effort to establish a single human reliability analysis (HRA) method for the agency or guidance for the use of multiple methods. As part of this effort an attempt to develop a comprehensive HRA qualitative approach is being pursued. This paper presents a draft of the method's middle layer, a part of the qualitative analysis phase that links failure mechanisms to performance shaping factors. Starting with a Crew Response Tree (CRT) that has identified human failure events, analysts identify potential failure mechanisms using the mid-layer model. The mid-layer model presented in this paper traces the identification of the failure mechanisms using the Information-Diagnosis/Decision-Action (IDA) model and cognitive models from the psychological literature. Each failure mechanism is grouped according to a phase of IDA. Under each phase of IDA, the cognitive models help identify the relevant performance shaping factors for the failure mechanism. The use of IDA and cognitive models can be traced through fault trees, which provide a detailed complement to the CRT.

Shen, Song-Hua (US Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Washington, DC); Chang, James Y. H. (US Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Washington, DC); Boring,Ronald L. (Idaho National Laboratory, Idaho Falls, ID); Whaley, April M. (Idaho National Laboratory, Idaho Falls, ID); Lois, Erasmia (US Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Washington, DC); Hendrickson, Stacey M. Langfitt; Oxstrand, Johanna H. (Vattenfall Ringhals AB, Varobacka, Sweden); Forester, John Alan; Kelly, Dana L. (Idaho National Laboratory, Idaho Falls, ID); Mosleh, Ali (University of Maryland, College Park, MD)

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Reliable p-median facility location problem: two-stage robust models ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

plane method in the two-stage facility location problem and power system scheduling ... (ii) Because of the modeling advantages of two-stage RO, we consider real ...... Robust Unit Commitment Problem with Demand Response and Wind.

2012-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

236

International Microgrid Assessment: Governance,INcentives, and Experience (IMAGINE)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Smart Grid test bed Energy Market Authority, A*STAR Inst. ofelectric utilities Clean energy New markets Supply expansionReliability Low energy costs Profit Market share Efficiency

Romankiewicz, John

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

International Microgrid Assessment: Governance, INcentives, and Experience (IMAGINE)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of renewable energy and reduce compliance costs, tradablerenewable energy resources; provide cleaner, more reliable, and costrenewable energy on a large scale with acceptable cost and

Marnay, Chris

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Reliability and Functional Availability of HVAC Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper presents a model to calculate the reliability and availability of heating, ventilation and air conditioning systems. The reliability is expressed in the terms of reliability, maintainability and decision capability. These terms are a...

Myrefelt, S.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Constructing Reliable Distributed Communication Systems with CORBA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Constructing Reliable Distributed Communication Systems with CORBA Silvano Maffeis Douglas C Communication software and distributed services for next- generation applications must be reliable, efficient model to support reliable data- and process- oriented distributed systems that communicate through syn

Schmidt, Douglas C.

240

Establishing flight software reliability: testing, model checking, constraint-solving, monitoring and learning  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper we discuss the application of a range of techniques to the verification of mission-critical flight software at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory. For this type of application we want to achieve a higher level of confidence than can be achieved ... Keywords: 68N30, File systems, Flight software, Formal proof, Model checking, Testing, Verification

Alex Groce, Klaus Havelund, Gerard Holzmann, Rajeev Joshi, Ru-Gang Xu

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "microgrid reliability modeling" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Modelling repairable system reliability with explanatory variables and repair and maintenance actions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......However, in general, in RMs...overhaul of an engine (a midlife...used with diesel engines...g. from diesel engines, such as...is a quite general model, and...analysis of diesel engine failure data...systems with general repair......

Diederik Lugtigheid; agan Banjevic; Andrew K. S. Jardine

2004-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Power management of hybrid micro-grid system by a generic centralized supervisory control scheme  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper presents a generic centralized supervisory control scheme for the power management of multiple power converters based hybrid micro-grid system. The system consists of wind generators, photovoltaic system, multiple parallel connected power converters, utility grid, ac and dc loads. Power management of the micro-grid is performed under two cases: grid mode and local mode. Central supervisory unit (CSU) generates command signal to ensure the power management during the two modes. In local mode, the dc loads in the acdc hybrid system can be controlled. In the case of grid mode operation, power flow between the utility grid and micro-grid is controlled. A novel feature of this paper is the incorporation of the multiple power converters. The generated command signal from the CSU can also control the operation of the multiple power converters in both grid and local modes. An additional feature is the incorporation of sodium sulfur battery energy storage system (NAS BESS) which is used to smooth the output power fluctuation of the wind farm. The effectiveness of the control scheme is also verified using real time load pattern. The simulation is performed in PSCAD/EMTDC.

Mir Nahidul Ambia; Ahmed Al-Durra; Cedric Caruana; S.M. Muyeen

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

Integration of renewable energy in microgrids coordinated with demand response resources: Economic evaluation of a biomass gasification plant by Homer Simulator  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper deals with how demand response can contribute to the better integration of renewable energy resources such as wind power, solar, small hydro, biomass and CHP. In particular, an economic evaluation performed by means of the micro-power optimization model HOMER Energy has been done, considering a micro-grid supplied by a biomass gasification power plant, operating isolated to the grid and in comparison with other generation technologies. Different scenarios have been simulated considering variations in the power production of the gasified biomass generator and different solutions to guarantee the balance generation/consumption are analyzed, demonstrating as using demand response resources is much more profitable than producing this energy by other conventional technologies by using fossil fuels.

Lina Montuori; Manuel Alczar-Ortega; Carlos lvarez-Bel; Alex Domijan

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC): Reliability  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Corporation (NERC): Reliability Corporation (NERC): Reliability Considerations from the Integration of Smart Grid North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC): Reliability Considerations from the Integration of Smart Grid North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC): Reliability Considerations from the Integration of Smart Grid. NERC develops and enforces Reliability Standards; assesses adequacy annually via a ten-year forcast and winter and summer forecasts; monitors the bulk power systems; and educates, trains, and certifies industry personnel. North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC): Reliability Considerations from the Integration of Smart Grid More Documents & Publications Re: DOE Request for Information - Implementing the National Broadband Plan by Studying the Communications Requirements of Electric Utilities to

245

NREL: Gearbox Reliability Collaborative - Gearbox Reliability Collaborative  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Projects Projects Gearbox deficiencies are the result of many factors. Through gearbox modeling and testing, condition monitoring, and the failure database, the collaborative is expanding the industry's knowledge base, recommending efficient and cost-effective improvements, and facilitating immediate improvements in the gearbox life cycle. Gearbox Modeling and Testing Illustration of representative gearbox including the hub, main bearing, main shaft, gearbox, brake, high speed shaft, generator, and bed plate. A complete gearbox redesign has been completed in a collaborative effort between NREL and industry partners. This process documented and analyzed the design process and produced a new gearbox design that integrates knowledge from previous Gearbox Reliability Collaborative (GRC) activities.

246

Sandia National Laboratories: very high solar energy reliability  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Microgrid, Partnership, Photovoltaic, Renewable Energy, Research & Capabilities, Solar Solar energy is both predictable-the sun rises and sets everyday-and intermittent-a...

247

To grate a liquid into tiny droplets by its impact on a hydrophobic micro-grid  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report on experiments of drop impacting a hydrophobic micro-grid, of typical spacing a few tens of $\\mu$m. Above a threshold in impact speed, liquid emerges to the other side, forming micro-droplets of size about that of the grid holes. We propose a method to produce either a mono-disperse spray or a single tiny droplet of volume as small as a few picoliters corresponding to a volume division of the liquid drop by a factor of up to 10$^5$. We also discuss the discrepancy of the measured thresholds with that predicted by a balance between inertia and capillarity.

Brunet, P; Zoueshtiagh, F; Thomy, V; Merlen, A

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

Abstract Microgrids are a new concept for future energy dis-tribution systems that enable renewable energy integration and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

distributed generators (DGs) that are usually integrated via power-electronic inverters. In order to enhance generators (DGs) has been significantly improved. Inverter-interfaced DGs can be flexibly deployed in power1 Abstract ­ Microgrids are a new concept for future energy dis- tribution systems that enable

Collins, Emmanuel

249

NREL: Gearbox Reliability Collaborative - About the Gearbox Reliability  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

About the Gearbox Reliability Collaborative About the Gearbox Reliability Collaborative Premature gearbox failures have a significant impact on the cost of wind farm operations. In 2007, NREL initiated the Gearbox Reliability Collaborative (GRC). The project combines field testing, dynamometer testing, analysis, modeling, condition monitoring, development of a failure database, and operations and maintenance research in a multi-pronged approach to determine why wind turbine gearboxes do not always achieve their expected design life-the time period that manufacturers expect them to last. The collaborative of manufacturers, owners, operators, researchers, and consultants focuses on gearbox modeling and testing and the development of a gearbox failure database. Collaborative members also investigate gearbox

250

Electric Power Infrastructure Reliability and Security (EPIRS) Reseach and Development Initiative  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Power systems have become increasingly complex and face unprecedented challenges posed by population growth, climate change, national security issues, foreign energy dependence and an aging power infrastructure. Increased demand combined with increased economic and environmental constraints is forcing state, regional and national power grids to expand supply without the large safety and stability margins in generation and transmission capacity that have been the rule in the past. Deregulation, distributed generation, natural and man-made catastrophes and other causes serve to further challenge and complicate management of the electric power grid. To meet the challenges of the 21st century while also maintaining system reliability, the electric power grid must effectively integrate new and advanced technologies both in the actual equipment for energy conversion, transfer and use, and in the command, control, and communication systems by which effective and efficient operation of the system is orchestrated - in essence, the 'smart grid'. This evolution calls for advances in development, integration, analysis, and deployment approaches that ultimately seek to take into account, every step of the way, the dynamic behavior of the system, capturing critical effects due to interdependencies and interaction. This approach is necessary to better mitigate the risk of blackouts and other disruptions and to improve the flexibility and capacity of the grid. Building on prior Navy and Department of Energy investments in infrastructure and resources for electric power systems research, testing, modeling, and simulation at the Florida State University (FSU) Center for Advanced Power Systems (CAPS), this project has continued an initiative aimed at assuring reliable and secure grid operation through a more complete understanding and characterization of some of the key technologies that will be important in a modern electric system, while also fulfilling an education and outreach mission to provide future energy workforce talent and support the electric system stakeholder community. Building upon and extending portions of that research effort, this project has been focused in the following areas: (1) Building high-fidelity integrated power and controls hardware-in-the-loop research and development testbed capabilities (Figure 1). (2) Distributed Energy Resources Integration - (a) Testing Requirements and Methods for Fault Current Limiters, (b) Contributions to the Development of IEEE 1547.7, (c) Analysis of a STATCOM Application for Wind Resource Integration, (d) Development of a Grid-Interactive Inverter with Energy Storage Elements, (e) Simulation-Assisted Advancement of Microgrid Understanding and Applications; (3) Availability of High-Fidelity Dynamic Simulation Tools for Grid Disturbance Investigations; (4) HTS Material Characterization - (a) AC Loss Studies on High Temperature Superconductors, (b) Local Identification of Current-Limiting Mechanisms in Coated Conductors; (5) Cryogenic Dielectric Research; and (6) Workshops, education, and outreach.

Rick Meeker; L. Baldwin; Steinar Dale; Alexander Domijan; Davild Larbalestier; Hui Li; Peter McLaren; Sastry Pamidi; Horatio Rodrigo; Michael Steurer

2010-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

251

Bayesian Networks in Reliability Analysis Helge Langseth  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Bayesian Networks in Reliability Analysis Helge Langseth Dept. Computer and Information Sciences Bayesian network (BN) models gain more and more popularity in reliability analysis. In this talk I reliability measures concerning a low pressure coolant injection system for a nuclear reactor (a problem

Langseth, Helge

252

Reliability-Based Prioritizing Maintenance Policy for Distribution System  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents an approach to prioritize maintenance tasks in power distribution system based on reliability models. This approach define weighted average system reliability index WASRI employing reliability indices SAIFI, SAIDI, MAIFI and interruption ... Keywords: Maintenance management, distribution reliability, reliability indices

Zhang Yong; Sun Xiaorong; Chen Hao; Fangxing Li

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Reliability-Centered Maintenance  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Reliability-centered maintenance leverages the same practices and technologies of predictive maintenance.

254

North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC): Reliability...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

and winter and summer forecasts; monitors the bulk power systems; and educates, trains, and certifies industry personnel. North American Electric Reliability Corporation...

255

Optimal energy management of a micro-grid with renewable energy resources and demand response  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

With the introduction of smart energy grids and extensive penetration of renewable energy resources in distribution networks Micro-Grids (MGs) which are comprised of various alternative energy resources and Advanced Metering Infrastructure (AMI) systems for better implementation of DR programs are effectively employed. The design and development of Smart Energy Management Systems (SEMSs) for MGs are interesting and attractive research problems. In this paper a new SEMS architecture is presented to solve the multi-objective operation management and scheduling problem in a typical MG while considering different energy resource technologies Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs) and DR programs. The energy management problem is formulated as a constrained mixed integer nonlinear multi-objective optimization problem in which the MG's total operating cost and net emissions must be minimized simultaneously. Three different optimization algorithms are used to solve the above mentioned problem and their outputs (Pareto optimal solutions) for the same problem are compared and analyzed.

M. Parvizimosaed; F. Farmani; A. Anvari-Moghaddam

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

The effect of Relay Protection on the Substation Reliability  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents a model for evaluating the reliability of the substation actions after transmission grid faults. The model ... of different line protection systems by using the substation reliability model is...

Liisa Pottonen; Urho Pulkkinen

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Three fault ride through controllers for wind systems running in isolated micro-grid and Effects of fault type on their performance: A review and comparative study  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper presents survey about Fault Ride Through (FRT) techniques and controllers which employed with all wind generation system types. After presenting a comprehensive FRT survey, paper proposes three Fault Ride Through (FRT) controllers for keeping stability of Fixed Speed Wind Generation (FSWG) system serving in isolated Micro-Grid (MG). The first controller has been implemented by inserting Superconductor Fault Current Limiter (SFCL) in series with wind generator terminals during fault instant. The second proposed FRT controller is modifying the conventional Pitch Angle Controllers (PAC) to can spill and reduce high percentage of extracted mechanical wind power during and subsequent fault occurrence which in turns help stability improvement and restoration. Third FRT technique is performed by adapting the wind turbine gearbox ratio which forces the wind generation system to run far from the maximum power point. The best performance is obtained with the SFCL controller. Superior results are obtained when the three proposed FRT controllers are employed simultaneously. The three developed FRT controllers are simple, reliable and economical attractive. Effects of fault type on SFCL FRT controller performance are analyzed and investigated in details. The proposed SFCL FRT controller has been tested under single phase, double phase, phase to phase, and three phases to ground faults. Results display that the three phases to ground fault is the most severe type on SFCL FRT performance from stability point of view. On the other hand, double phase to ground fault is the most severe one from fluctuations and oscillations points of view. Parameters of the SFCL must be adjusted based on the three phases to ground fault. If the SFCL FRT controller is designed to can deal with three phases fault, it sure can deal with the other fault types successfully.

Rashad M. Kamel

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Human Reliability Program Overview  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This presentation covers the high points of the Human Reliability Program, including certification/decertification, critical positions, due process, organizational structure, program components, personnel security, an overview of the US DOE reliability program, retirees and academia, and security program integration.

Bodin, Michael

2012-09-25T23:59:59.000Z

259

NREL: Gearbox Reliability Collaborative - Gearbox Reliability Collaborative  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

All Members Meeting All Members Meeting The Gearbox Reliability Collaborative (GRC) All Members Meeting was held on February 4-5, 2013. The meeting covered advancements made across the NREL GRC project and the latest industry updates on gearbox reliability and operations and maintenance practices. The presentations covered gearbox design updates, gearbox testing updates, experimental data analysis, and operations and maintenance research. Presentations Monday, February 4 Time Presenter Organization Presentation 8:30 a.m. Paul Veers NREL Welcome 8:45 a.m. Mike Derby DOE Overview 9:05 a.m. Jon Keller NREL Gearbox Reliability Collaborative Status and Plans 9:20 a.m. Hal Link NREL New Gearbox #2 Test Plan 9:40 a.m. Hal Link NREL NWTC Dynos and Grid Simulator 10:00 a.m. Jon Keller/Brian McNiff NREL/MLI Gearbox Reliability Collaborative, Phase 3: High Speed Shaft Bearing Loads

260

A Multi-State Model for the Reliability Assessment of a Distributed Generation System via Universal Generating Function  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

renewable technology (e.g. wind or solar, etc.) whose behavior is described by a binary state, working assessment, multi-state modeling, universal generating function #12;2 Notations Solar irradiance Total number of discretized solar irradiance states Discretized solar irradiance at state i Random variable representing

Boyer, Edmond

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "microgrid reliability modeling" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Modelling a feed-water control system of a steam generator in the framework of the dynamic reliability  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Modelling a feed-water control system of a steam generator in the framework of the dynamic with the exploration of an industrial complex system behaviour and its prob- abilistic safety assessment (PSA critical systems), the feed-water control system of a steam generator of a pressurised water nuclear

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

262

NREL: Performance and Reliability R&D - PV Module Reliability...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Reliability R and D Printable Version PV Module Reliability Workshop NREL hosts an annual Photovoltaic Module Reliability Workshop (PVMRW) so that solar technology experts can...

263

Producing reliable software: an experiment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A customer of high assurance software recently sponsored a software engineering experiment in which a small real-time software system was developed concurrently by two popular software development methodologies. One company specialized in the state-of-the-practice ... Keywords: capability maturity model, cleanroom certification, formal methods, software development methodologies, software engineering experiment, software process and product metrics, software reliability

Carol Smidts; Xin Huang; James C. Widmaier

2002-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Systematic evaluation of the reliability of marine diesel engines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A systematic model is proposed for evaluating the operational reliability of marine diesel engines. In mathematical terms, the model is ... permits the estimation of the overall reliability of marine diesel engines

G. S. Gamidov; N. K. Sanaev; Z. I. Adeev

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Gearbox Reliability Collaborative: Test and Model Investigation of Sun Orbit and Planet Load Share in a Wind Turbine Gearbox; Preprint  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper analyzes experimental measurement of the sun gear orbit in dynamometer testing and describes its relation to the other measured responses of the planetary stage. The relation of the sun orbit to component runout, component flexibility, gear coupling alignment, planet load share, and planet position error will be investigated. Equations describing the orbit of the sun gear in the test cases are derived. Rigid and flexible multibody models of the full gearbox are investigated and compared to sun and planet measurements. This paper shows that the sun gear's path may be influenced by gear coupling responses and gearbox structural flexibilities.

LaCava, W.; Keller, J.; McNiff, B.

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Microgrid modeling using the stochastic Distributed Energy Resources Customer Adoption Model DER-CAM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to a building produces technology neutral pure optimalin month m investment decision on technology I, continuousversus discrete technologies annualized investment cost of

Stadler, Michael

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Microgrid modeling using the stochastic Distributed Energy Resources Customer Adoption Model DER-CAM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

engines, micro-turbines, gas turbines, fuel cells, heatengines, micro-turbines / gas turbines, fuel cells, heat

Stadler, Michael

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Microgrid modeling using the stochastic Distributed Energy Resources Customer Adoption Model DER-CAM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

technologies internal combustion engines, micro-turbines, gas turbines, fuel cells, heat exchangers, PV, solartechnologies reciprocating engines, micro-turbines / gas turbines, fuel cells, heat exchanger / CHP, PV, solar

Stadler, Michael

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Microgrid modeling using the stochastic Distributed Energy Resources Customer Adoption Model DER-CAM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

gas turbines, fuel cells, heat exchangers, PV, solargas turbines, fuel cells, heat exchanger / CHP, PV, solar

Stadler, Michael

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Micro-grid energy dispatch optimization and predictive control algorithms; A UC Irvine case study  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Distributed power and energy resources are now being used to meet the combined electric power, heating, and cooling demands of many buildings. The addition of on-site renewables and their accompanying intermittency and non-coincidence requires even greater dynamic performance from the distributed power and energy system. Load following generators, energy storage devices, and predictive energy management are increasingly important to achieve the simultaneous goals of increased efficiency, reduced emissions, and sustainable economics. This paper presents two optimization strategies for the dispatch of a multi-chiller cooling plant with cold-water thermal storage. The optimizations aim to reduce both costs and emissions while considering real operational constraints of a plant. The UC Irvine campus micro-grid operation between January 2009 and December 2013 serves as a case study for how improved utilization of energy storage can buffer demand transients, reduce costs and improve plant efficiency. A predictive control strategy which forecasts campus demands from weather predictions, optimizes the plant dispatch, and applies feedback control to modify the plant dispatch in real-time is compared to best-practices manual operation. The dispatch optimization and predictive control algorithms are shown to reduce annual utility bill costs by 12.0%, net energy costs by 3.61%, and improve energy efficiency by 1.56%.

Dustin McLarty; Carles Civit Sabate; Jack Brouwer; Faryar Jabbari

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Medical Aspects of Reliability  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This presentation covers the medical evaluation as part of a human reliability program, particularly the various medical qualifications and potential disqualifiers.

Atencio, Julian J.

2014-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

272

Bulk Power System Dynamics and Control -VII, August 19-24, 2007, Charleston, South Carolina, USA Dynamics of a Microgrid Supplied by Solid Oxide Fuel Cells1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. The results of an example in which two SOFC plants provide power to a microgrid are presented. The simulation1 Bulk Power System Dynamics and Control - VII, August 19-24, 2007, Charleston, South Carolina, USA, but is not concerned with the thermal dynamics. A DC-DC boost converter interfaces the SOFC stack to a DC bus, where

Hiskens, Ian A.

273

Hawaii electric system reliability.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report addresses Hawaii electric system reliability issues; greater emphasis is placed on short-term reliability but resource adequacy is reviewed in reference to electric consumers' views of reliability %E2%80%9Cworth%E2%80%9D and the reserve capacity required to deliver that value. The report begins with a description of the Hawaii electric system to the extent permitted by publicly available data. Electrical engineering literature in the area of electric reliability is researched and briefly reviewed. North American Electric Reliability Corporation standards and measures for generation and transmission are reviewed and identified as to their appropriateness for various portions of the electric grid and for application in Hawaii. Analysis of frequency data supplied by the State of Hawaii Public Utilities Commission is presented together with comparison and contrast of performance of each of the systems for two years, 2010 and 2011. Literature tracing the development of reliability economics is reviewed and referenced. A method is explained for integrating system cost with outage cost to determine the optimal resource adequacy given customers' views of the value contributed by reliable electric supply. The report concludes with findings and recommendations for reliability in the State of Hawaii.

Silva Monroy, Cesar Augusto; Loose, Verne William

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Value and Technology Assessment to Enhance the Business Case for the CERTS Microgrid  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

favoring the use of distributed generators located near theReliability Number of Distributed Generators Minimum Number

Lasseter, Robert

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

This document is a preprint version of the final paper: M. Soshinskaya, W. H. J. Graus, J. M. Guerrero, and J. C. Vasquez, "Microgrids: experiences, barriers and success factors," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 2014 Elsevier.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 2014 ­ Elsevier. Microgrids: experiences, barriers and success factors Mariya of Sustainable Development, Utrecht University, The Netherlands b Department of Energy Technology, Aalborg; Renewable Energy; Islanding; Distributed Generation; Energy Storage; Barriers Acronyms greenhouse gas (GHG

Vasquez, Juan Carlos

276

Software Reliability Modeling James LEDOUX  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

density function (pdf) f then we define the hazard rate of the rv T by r(t) = f(t) R(t) ; t 0: with R different situation from that tackled by the conventional hardware theory. A fault (or bug ) refers. For a more complete view, we refer to [3], the handbooks [4] and [5]. We have used the two recent books [2

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

277

A new approach for optimal sizing of battery energy storage system for primary frequency control of islanded Microgrid  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper presents a method for determining optimal size of a battery energy storage system (BESS) for primary frequency control of a Microgrid. A Microgrid is assumed to be portion of a low voltage distribution feeder including sources such as microturbine, diesel generator, fuel cell and photovoltaic system with slow response for frequency control. A BESS due to its very fast dynamic response can play an important role in restoring balance between supply and demand. In this paper, overloading capacity of the BESS is employed for fast handling of the primary frequency control of a MG. To achieve this purpose, by considering overloading characteristics and limitations of the state of charge (SOC) of battery, a control scheme of dc/ac converter for the BESS is developed. Based on this scheme, overloading capacity of the BESS and its permissible duration for participating in primary frequency control is determined. Simulation studies are carried out using PSCAD/EMTDC software package to evaluate the performance of the proposed control scheme.

Mohammad Reza Aghamohammadi; Hajar Abdolahinia

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

SPECIAL ISSUE: Quantitative Models for Energy Systems SPECIAL EDITORS: Chung-Li Tseng  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on Microgrid Combined Heat and Power Adoption Afzal S. Siddiqui, Chris Marnay, Jennifer L. Edwards, Ryan market modeling. The first paper, "Effects of a Carbon Tax on Combined Heat and Power Adoption Firestone, Srijay Ghosh, and Michael Stadler 26 Optimal Self-Scheduling of a Tidal Power Plant Sebastián de

Tseng, Chung-Li

279

Reliability Standards Owner  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This position is located in the Internal Operations and Asset Management group of Planning and Asset Management (TP). A successful candidate in this position will serve as the Reliability Standards...

280

SELF-HEALING IN MICROGRID OPERATION AND MESSAGE-PASSING BASED DEMAND RESPONSE.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Electrical energy can be more efficiently and reliably generated, transmitted, and consumed over electricity grids as smart grids evolve. Through the two-way flow of information (more)

BARATI, MASOUD

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "microgrid reliability modeling" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Gearbox Reliability Collaborative Update (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This presentation was given at the Sandia Reliability Workshop in August 2013 and provides information on current statistics, a status update, next steps, and other reliability research and development activities related to the Gearbox Reliability Collaborative.

Sheng, S.

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

Impact of automatic switches on power distribution system reliability  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper quantitative impact of automatic switches on the reliability of power distribution systems is studied. Based on the characteristics of the studied system's topology, the reliability model is developed for the implementation of Monte Carlo simulation. Reliability indices on each load have been computed to obtain an overall reliability assessment of the system, and the sensitivity of the reliability indices to the location of automatic switches is also studied. Simulation results are used to illustrate the validity of the approach and are compared with the historical reliability records.

H. Zheng; Y. Cheng; B. Gou; D. Frank; A. Bern; W.E. Muston

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Valuing time and reliability: assessing the evidence from road pricing demonstrations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

distribution of motorists preferences for travel time and reliability:time and reliability as preferences about this distribution.reliability can be fruitfully modeled as a property of the upper tail of the travel-time distribution

Brownstone, David; Small, K A

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Off-grid Solar PV Power for Humanitarian Action: From Emergency Communications to Refugee Camp Micro-grids  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The need for new innovative technologies to support humanitarian action is evident today. Efficient and economic technologies properly deployed and integrated should mitigate some of the potential negative social effects of poor refugee camp infrastructure engineering. The body of the paper identifies off-grid solar Photovoltaic (PV) and solar PV hybrid packaged systems that are applicable to emergency relief activities, refugee camp activities and micro-grid development. The paper's concentration on off-grid power, the description of these engineered systems by humanitarian activity and the identification of the different engineered packaged solutions is aimed at stimulating a discussion to help scale more appropriate technologies for humanitarian action. The paper concludes with a discussion of present and future private sector business strategies to support scalability of this new and growing market.

Joseph Franceschi; Jaron Rothkop; Gabriel Miller

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

An optimized co-ordinated approach for harmonic minimization of Doubly Fed Induction Generator connected micro-grid system  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper illustrates the biogeography based optimization (BBO) based selected harmonic elimination technique for \\{DFIGs\\} connected to a micro-grid. The lower order harmonics are individually eliminated in each DFIG outputs but the higher order harmonics are eliminated in such a way that the harmonics generated by one source is eliminated by the other after generating the same order of harmonics in opposite phase. The switching angles are computed off-line and stored in microcontroller memory in the form of look-up tables for on line application. The excitation power for the inverters is obtained from a photovoltaic (PV) panel. Proper simulations are executed for the proposed theory and subsequently supported by investigational verifications. Both the simulation and experiments agree well with the analytical formulation. The total harmonic distortion (THD) in the output is found to be within the stipulated limit.

Krishna Sarker; Debashis Chatterjee; S.K. Goswami

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

RAMP: Impact of Rule Based Aggregator Business Model for Residential Microgrid of Prosumers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

market for energy distribution where competition is intense and profit margins are relatively small [18 Including Distributed Energy Resources Mohammad Abdullah Al Faruque Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science University of California, Irvine, Irvine, California, USA E-mail: {alfaruqu

Al Faruque, Mohammad Abdullah

287

Modeling Microgrid Islanding Problems as DCOPs Saurabh Gupta, William Yeoh, Enrico Pontelli  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

disruptions around the world. The recent power outage due to a severe storm affected more than 200,000 people in the areas of Oklahoma, Missouri, and Illinois [1]. It highlighted the need to modernize the power system, several major and minor weather calamities either severely damage the power infrastructure or cause power

Yeoh, William

288

Reliable quantum computers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...the performance of a useful quantum computer will need to be. And that in itself...by the Department of Energy under Grant No. DE- FG03-92-ER40701, and...Lond. A (1998) Reliable quantum computers 409 References Aharonov, D. & Ben-Or...

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Wood Durability Service & Reliability  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Wood Durability Laboratory Service & Reliability Equipment & Facilities Field sites for AWPA E-7 (mold) tests. Wood weathering facilities. Lab-scale pressure treating cylin- ders. X-ray preservative analyzer (Oxford Twin-X). State-of-the-art facilities for wood and plastics composites manufacturing

290

North American Electric Reliability Corporation Interconnections...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

North American Electric Reliability Corporation Interconnections North American Electric Reliability Corporation Interconnections Map of the North American Electric Reliability...

291

Reliability of Electrical Interconnects (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This presentation discusses the status of NREL's research on the reliability of electrical interconnects.

Devoto, D.

2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Human Reliability Program Workshop  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A Human Reliability Program (HRP) is designed to protect national security as well as worker and public safety by continuously evaluating the reliability of those who have access to sensitive materials, facilities, and programs. Some elements of a site HRP include systematic (1) supervisory reviews, (2) medical and psychological assessments, (3) management evaluations, (4) personnel security reviews, and (4) training of HRP staff and critical positions. Over the years of implementing an HRP, the Department of Energy (DOE) has faced various challenges and overcome obstacles. During this 4-day activity, participants will examine programs that mitigate threats to nuclear security and the insider threat to include HRP, Nuclear Security Culture (NSC) Enhancement, and Employee Assistance Programs. The focus will be to develop an understanding of the need for a systematic HRP and to discuss challenges and best practices associated with mitigating the insider threat.

Landers, John; Rogers, Erin; Gerke, Gretchen

2014-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

293

Reliability generalization of perceived ease of use, perceived usefulness, and behavioral intentions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A reliability generalization study (a meta-analysis of reliability coefficients) was conducted on three widely studied information systems constructs from the technology acceptance model (TAM): perceived ease of use, perceived usefulness, and behavioral ... Keywords: behavioral intentions, ease of use, effect size attenuation, meta-analysis, reliability, reliability generalization, technology acceptance model (TAM), usefulness

Traci J. Hess, Anna L. McNab, K. Asli Basoglu

2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Substation Configuration Reliability 1 Reliability of Substation Configurations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Substation Configuration Reliability 1 Reliability of Substation Configurations Daniel Nack, Iowa substation, it still contains what could be described as weak points or points of failure that would lead to loss of load. By knowing how to calculate the reliability of different substation configurations

McCalley, James D.

295

Increasing the Reliability of Reliability Jochen Brocker1,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Increasing the Reliability of Reliability Diagrams Jochen Br¨ocker1, and Leonard A. Smith1,2 1 University Oxford, UK Corresponding Author, cats@lse.ac.uk November 9, 2006 #12;Abstract The reliability; for the most part, ambiguities arise from variation in the distribution of forecast probabilities and from

Stevenson, Paul

296

Reliability Calculus: A Theoretical Framework To Analyze Communication Reliability  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

distribution function (CDF) of the message delays can be used as a metric to infer communication reliability. Note that the communication reliability (end-to-end delay distribution) depends on the delay-to-end delay distribution over possible routes and under different protocols to provide reliability or quality

Liu, Xue

297

Effect of Heat and Electricity Storage and Reliability on Microgrid Viability: A Study of Commercial Buildings in California and New York States  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

storage, thermal storage, solar thermal collectors, PVs, andis disallowed; 5. a low storage, PV, and solar thermal priceW run 4 force low storage / PV and solar thermal results run

Stadler, Michael

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Effect of Heat and Electricity Storage and Reliability on Microgrid Viability: A Study of Commercial Buildings in California and New York States  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

17 4.2.2 Solid-Oxide Fuel Cell (California Gas Company solid oxide fuel cell metric tons of30% to 35% (HHV). Solid-Oxide Fuel Cell (SOFC) SOFC is a

Stadler, Michael

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Effect of Heat and Electricity Storage and Reliability on Microgrid Viability: A Study of Commercial Buildings in California and New York States  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

efficiency requirements - Maximum emission limits Investment constraints: - Payback period is constrained Storage constraints: - Electricity stored is limited by battery

Stadler, Michael

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Effect of Heat and Electricity Storage and Reliability on Microgrid Viability: A Study of Commercial Buildings in California and New York States  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

charging kW Utility electricity consumption Electricityis expressed in electricity consumption of the electricis expressed in electricity consumption of the electric

Stadler, Michael

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "microgrid reliability modeling" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Effect of Heat and Electricity Storage and Reliability on Microgrid Viability: A Study of Commercial Buildings in California and New York States  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

battery Utility electricity consumption Electricity providedis expressed in electricity consumption of the electricis expressed in electricity consumption of the electric

Stadler, Michael

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Effect of Heat and Electricity Storage and Reliability on Microgrid Viability: A Study of Commercial Buildings in California and New York States  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

acid batteries flow battery thermal n/a n/a xiv The Effectslead/acid battery) and thermal storage, capabilities, withlifetime (a) thermal storage 1 flow battery 220$/kWh and

Stadler, Michael

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

Effect of Heat and Electricity Storage and Reliability on Microgrid Viability: A Study of Commercial Buildings in California and New York States  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

acid batteries flow battery thermal n/a n/a xiv The Effectscapacity electrical flow battery thermal n/a n/a source:lead/acid battery) and thermal storage, capabilities, with

Stadler, Michael

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Effect of Heat and Electricity Storage and Reliability on Microgrid Viability: A Study of Commercial Buildings in California and New York States  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

capture solar radiation and convert it into thermal energy.solar thermal collector (kW) PV (kW) electric storage (kWh) flow battery - energy (solar thermal collector ( kW) PV (kW) electric storage (kWh) flow battery - energy (

Stadler, Michael

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Effect of Heat and Electricity Storage and Reliability on Microgrid Viability: A Study of Commercial Buildings in California and New York States  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

capture solar radiation and convert it into thermal energy.solar thermal collector (kW) PV (kW) electric storage (kWh) flow battery - energy (solar thermal collector (kW) PV (kW) electric storage (kWh) flow battery - energy (

Stadler, Michael

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Effect of Heat and Electricity Storage and Reliability on Microgrid Viability: A Study of Commercial Buildings in California and New York States  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ES 2. CA nursing home electricity pattern: July weekday lowJanuary and July weekday electricity and total heat (space +CA school weekday total electricity (inclusive of cooling)

Stadler, Michael

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Effect of Heat and Electricity Storage and Reliability on Microgrid Viability: A Study of Commercial Buildings in California and New York States  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

allows high temperature waste heat utilization. Phosphoricnatural gas chillers, waste heat or solar heat; hot wateris limited by generated waste heat Regulatory constraints: -

Stadler, Michael

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Effect of Heat and Electricity Storage and Reliability on Microgrid Viability: A Study of Commercial Buildings in California and New York States  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

natural gas chillers, waste heat or solar heat; hot wateris limited by generated waste heat Regulatory constraints: -might favor the use of waste heat from DG units or from

Stadler, Michael

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Effect of Heat and Electricity Storage and Reliability on Microgrid Viability: A Study of Commercial Buildings in California and New York States  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

capitalcost.htm). EPRI-DOE Handbook of Energy Storage foret al. 1996, 2003, EPRI-DOE Handbook 2003, Goldstein, L. etet al. 2003, EPRI-DOE Handbook 2003 and at the Electricity

Stadler, Michael

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

Effect of Heat and Electricity Storage and Reliability on Microgrid Viability: A Study of Commercial Buildings in California and New York States  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

et al. 1996, 2003, EPRI-DOE Handbook 2003, Goldstein, L. etet al. 2003, EPRI-DOE Handbook 2003 and at the Electricitycapitalcost.htm). EPRI-DOE Handbook of Energy Storage for

Stadler, Michael

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Effect of Heat and Electricity Storage and Reliability on Microgrid Viability: A Study of Commercial Buildings in California and New York States  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

GWh) NG effect (%) carbon emissions (tC) carbon effect (%)GWh) NG effect (%) carbon emissions (tC) carbon effect (%)GWh) NG effect (%) carbon emissions (tC) carbon effect (%)

Stadler, Michael

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Fundamentals of Structural Reliability Theory  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Structural reliability analysis differs in many important ways from reliability analysis as practised in, for example, the electronics and aero-space industries, in spite of the fact that the underlying probab...

Palle Thoft-Christensen Ph. D.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

FIELD RELIABILITY OF ELECTRONIC SYSTEMS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: ELECTRONIC EQUIPMENT; FAILURES; RELIABILITY; RISK ANALYSIS; SYSTEM ANALYSIS UDC: 621.38.004.64 ISBN 87 Predicted and Observed Reliability 16 3.3. Source 3 16 3.3.1. Description (Reactor Gamma Monitor) 16 3I Ww i 1 i FIELD RELIABILITY OF ELECTRONIC SYSTEMS wcwotoias R I S 0 - M - 2 4 1 8 An analytical

314

Testing for PV Reliability (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The DOE SUNSHOT workshop is seeking input from the community about PV reliability and how the DOE might address gaps in understanding. This presentation describes the types of testing that are needed for PV reliability and introduces a discussion to identify gaps in our understanding of PV reliability testing.

Kurtz, S.; Bansal, S.

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Complex Technical Systems Operation, Reliability, Availability, Safety and Cost Optimization  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The methods based on the results of the joint model linking a semi-Markov modeling of the system operation processes with a multistate approach to system reliability and safety and the linear programming are prop...

Krzysztof Ko?owrocki; Joanna Soszy?ska-Budny

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

Wind Power Reliability: Breaking Down a Barrier | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Wind Power Reliability: Breaking Down a Barrier Wind Power Reliability: Breaking Down a Barrier Wind Power Reliability: Breaking Down a Barrier June 25, 2010 - 12:16pm Addthis EnerNex Corporation is developing documentation and validating generic wind turbine and plant models that test reliability. | File photo EnerNex Corporation is developing documentation and validating generic wind turbine and plant models that test reliability. | File photo Stephen Graff Former Writer & editor for Energy Empowers, EERE The steady increase of wind power on the grid presents new challenges for power system operators charged with making sure the grid stays up and running. "We need to ensure that we are going down a path that will lead to better reliability [with wind power]," said Bob Zavadil, an executive vice

317

Structural Safety and Reliability, Corotis et al. (eds), 2001 Swets & Zeitlinger, ISBN 90 5809 197 X Moment-based fatigue load models for wind energy systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

197 X 1 Moment-based fatigue load models for wind energy systems Steven R. Winterstein & LeRoy M. Veers Sandia National Laboratories, Wind Energy Technology Department, Albuquerque, NM 87185-0708 Keywords: load models, fatigue loads, wind energy, non-Gaussian, moment-based models, long- term, short

Manuel, Lance

318

A Quasi-Feed-In-Tariff policy formulation in micro-grids: A bi-level multi-period approach  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract A Quasi-Feed-In-Tariff (QFIT) policy formulation is presented for micro-grids that integrates renewable energy generation considering Policy Makers? and Generation Companies? (GENCOs) objectives assuming a bi-level multi-period formulation that integrates physical characteristics of the power-grid. The upper-level problem corresponds to the PM, whereas the lower-level decisions are made by GENCOs. We consider that some \\{GENCOs\\} are green energy producers, while others are black energy producers. Policy makers incentivize green energy producers to generate energy through the payment of optimal time-varying subsidy price. The policy maker?s main objective is to maximize an overall social welfare that includes factors such as demand surplus, energy cost, renewable energy subsidy price, and environmental standards. The lower-level problem corresponding to the \\{GENCOs\\} is based on maximizing the players? profits. The proposed QFIT policy differs from the FIT policy in the sense that the subsidy price-based contracts offered to green energy producers dynamically change over time, depending on the physical properties of the grid, demand, and energy price fluctuations. The integrated problem solves for time-varying subsidy price and equilibrium energy quantities that optimize the system welfare under different grid and system conditions.

Ahmad F. Taha; Nadim A. Hachem; Jitesh H. Panchal

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

Battery energy storage system for frequency support in microgrids and with enhanced control features for uninterruptible supply of local loads  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper proposes a battery energy storage system (BESS) to support the frequency control process within microgrids (MG) with high penetration of renewable energy sources (RES). The solution includes features that enhance the systems stability and security of supply. The BESS can operate connected to MG or islanded and the transition between the two states is seamlessly coordinated by an original method. The BESS active power response is governed by an improved frequency controller on two layers, namely primary and secondary. It responds to frequency deviations by combining a conventional droop control method with a virtual inertia function to improve the systems stability. The proposed BESS may also compensate the power of the local loads, so that the MG frequency transients can be reduced and, depending on the remaining inverter capacity, voltage support in the point of common coupling with the MG may be provided. If the MG power quality degrades in terms of the voltage and frequency, the BESS and the local load are disconnected from the MG and continue operating islanded. The BESS is reconnected to the MG after a smoothly resynchronization of the local voltage with the MG, without disturbing the local loads supply. Simulation and experimental results assesses the proposed control solutions.

I. Serban; C. Marinescu

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Effect of wind generation system types on Micro-Grid (MG) fault performance during both standalone and grid connected modes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Recently, there are three wind generation (WG) system types. The first type is called Fixed Speed Wind Generation (FSWG) system, which employs squirrel cage induction generators. Double Fed Induction Generator (DFIG) is utilized in the second type. The third type is called Full Converter Wind Generation (FCWG) system, which is interfaced with Micro-Grid (MG) through a back to back converter. During fault occurrence, each WG has its performance and characteristics which are determined by the generator physical characteristics and the MG earthing system configuration. For some WG types, the fault current depends also on the control algorithm of the power converter. The main target of this paper is to investigate and estimate how the fault performance of MG during both standalone and grid-connected modes is influenced by the type of WG. It is found during standalone mode that the type of the employed WG has a dominant impact on the MG performance under fault disturbance. On the contrary, the type of the employed WG has a negligible effect on the MG fault performance during grid-connected mode. This is because the main grid contributes most of the fault current. Effects of earthing system type on MG performance are highlighted.

Rashad M. Kamel

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "microgrid reliability modeling" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Optimal reliability-based planning of experiments for POD curves  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Optimal planning of crack detection tests is considered. The tests are used to update the information on the reliability of inspection techniques modeled by probability of detection (P.O.D.) curves. It is shown how cost-optimal and reliability-based test plans can be obtained using First Order Reliability Methods in combination with life-cycle cost-optimal inspection and maintenance planning. The methodology is based on preposterior analyses from Bayesian decisions theory. An illustrative example is shown.

Soerensen, J.D. [Univ. of Aalborg (Denmark). Dept. of Building Technology and Structural Engineering; Faber, M.H.; Kroon, I.B. [COWIconsult Consulting Engineers and Planners AS, Lyngby (Denmark). Transportation Div.

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

322

Integration of NDE Reliability and Fracture Mechanics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Pacific Northwest Laboratory is conducting a four-phase program for measuring and evaluating the effectiveness and reliability of in-service inspection (lSI} performed on the primary system piping welds of commercial light water reactors (LWRs). Phase I of the program is complete. A survey was made of the state of practice for ultrasonic rsr of LWR primary system piping welds. Fracture mechanics calculations were made to establish required nondestrutive testing sensitivities. In general, it was found that fatigue flaws less than 25% of wall thickness would not grow to failure within an inspection interval of 10 years. However, in some cases failure could occur considerably faster. Statistical methods for predicting and measuring the effectiveness and reliability of lSI were developed and will be applied in the "Round Robin Inspections" of Phase II. Methods were also developed for the production of flaws typical of those found in service. Samples fabricated by these methods wilI be used in Phase II to test inspection effectiveness and reliability. Measurements were made of the influence of flaw characteristics {i.e., roughness, tightness, and orientation) on inspection reliability. These measurernents, as well as the predictions of a statistical model for inspection reliability, indicate that current reporting and recording sensitivities are inadequate.

Becker, F. L.; Doctor, S. R.; Heas!er, P. G.; Morris, C. J.; Pitman, S. G.; Selby, G. P.; Simonen, F. A.

1981-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Transmission Reliability | Department of Energy  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Transmission Reliability Transmission Reliability Transmission Reliability Modernizing America's electricity infrastructure is one of the U.S. Department of Energy's top priorities. The DOE Strategic Plan states that today's electric grid needs to be more efficient, reliable, and secure. A modern, smarter electric grid may save consumers money, help our economy run more efficiently, allow rapid growth in renewable energy sources, and enhance energy reliability. The Department's research into a variety of tools that will improve advanced system monitoring, visualization, control, operations, and market structure will ultimately modernize the electricity transmission infrastructure to ease congestion, allow for increases in demand, and provide a greater degree of security. The Transmission Reliability Program is aligned with this strategic plan

324

Nuclear weapon reliability evaluation methodology  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document provides an overview of those activities that are normally performed by Sandia National Laboratories to provide nuclear weapon reliability evaluations for the Department of Energy. These reliability evaluations are first provided as a prediction of the attainable stockpile reliability of a proposed weapon design. Stockpile reliability assessments are provided for each weapon type as the weapon is fielded and are continuously updated throughout the weapon stockpile life. The reliability predictions and assessments depend heavily on data from both laboratory simulation and actual flight tests. An important part of the methodology are the opportunities for review that occur throughout the entire process that assure a consistent approach and appropriate use of the data for reliability evaluation purposes.

Wright, D.L. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

Chapter Three - Pipeline Reliability Assessment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Another aspect of pipeline integrity management is the assessment of system reliability over the age of the pipeline. In order to assess the aging effects through the pipes lifetime, a reliability assessment is carried out for the pipeline or its segment. The assessment of the residual stress effect is carried out by evaluating the reliability of new uncorroded pipelines, which are assumed to be free from any flaw. The influence of residual stress parameters, mean, and coefficient of variation are considered in the reliability assessment.

Ramesh Singh

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Reliability Assessment of Distribution Systems.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? A stable and reliable electric power supply system is an inevitable pre-requisite for the technological and economic growth of any nation. Due to this, (more)

Dorji, Tempa

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

The design of a reliable reputation system  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

a peer reliability metric based on the distribution ofa higher reliability score. The most reliable distribution,distribution for the Sybil colluder and a sharp drop in its reliability

Swamynathan, Gayatri; Almeroth, Kevin C.; Zhao, Ben Y.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

North American Electric Reliability Corporation Interconnections...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Interconnections North American Electric Reliability Corporation Interconnections Map of the North American Electric Reliability Corporation Interconnection showing the Eastern,...

329

NORTH AMERICAN ELECTRIC RELIABILITY COUNCIL: Preliminary Disturbance...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

NORTH AMERICAN ELECTRIC RELIABILITY COUNCIL: Preliminary Disturbance Report NORTH AMERICAN ELECTRIC RELIABILITY COUNCIL: Preliminary Disturbance Report The following information...

330

Thermoelectric Mechanical Reliability | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Thermoelectric Mechanical Reliability Thermoelectric Mechanical Reliability 2010 DOE Vehicle Technologies and Hydrogen Programs Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting,...

331

Thermoelectric Mechanical Reliability | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Thermoelectric Mechanical Reliability Thermoelectric Mechanical Reliability 2009 DOE Hydrogen Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation...

332

Separating myths from reality in PV inverter reliability  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

requires electrolytics #12;Reliability predictor models · MIL-HDBK 217F ­ Last updated in 1995 ­ Does the reliability claims of microinverters dubious. #12;Does what affects string inverters affect microinverters? · In 2006 NCI was commissioned to determine feasibility of DOE goal of $0.25/Watt for inverters by 2020

Rollins, Andrew M.

333

2014 Reliability & Markets Peer Review  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Transmission Reliability R&D Reliability & Markets Peer Review included 15 presentations over 2 days on August 5 - 6, 2014 at Cornell University in Ithaca, NY. Presentations are available through the links. The agenda and list of presentations are available to download.

334

Physics-Based Stress Corrosion Cracking Component Reliability  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Physics-Based Stress Corrosion Physics-Based Stress Corrosion Cracking Component Reliability Model cast in an R7-Compatible Cumulative Damage Framework Draft Report Supporting Technology Inputs to the Risk- Informed Safety Margin Characterization Pathway of the DOE Light Water Reactor Sustainability Program Stephen D. Unwin Kenneth I. Johnson Robert F. Layton Peter P. Lowry Scott E. Sanborn Mychailo B. Toloczko PNNL-20596 July 2011 Physics-Based SCC Reliability Model in a Cumulative Damage Framework 2 Physics-Based SCC Reliability Model in a Cumulative Damage Framework 3 Table of Contents Executive Summary............................................................................... 4 1. Introduction .......................................................................... 5

335

Reliability Assessment of Fault-Tolerant Dc-Dc Converters for Photovoltaic Applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Reliability Assessment of Fault-Tolerant Dc-Dc Converters for Photovoltaic Applications Sairaj V in photovoltaic energy processing applications is presented. The proposed approach acknowledges the influence through several case studies. Index Terms-- Markov reliability modeling, photovoltaic systems, power

Liberzon, Daniel

336

Multi-hazard Reliability Assessment of Offshore Wind Turbines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A probabilistic framework is developed to assess the structural reliability of offshore wind turbines. Probabilistic models are developed to predict the deformation, shear force and bending moment demands on the support structure of wind turbines...

Mardfekri Rastehkenari, Maryam 1981-

2012-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

337

Improving Energy Use Forecast for Campus Micro-grids using Indirect Indicators Department of Computer Science  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.32%, and a reduction in error from baseline models by up to 53%. Keywords-energy forecast models; energy informatics I that physically char- acterize a building, or are based on measured building performance data. Smart meters have analysis and machine learning methods can be used to mine sensor data and extract forecast models

Prasanna, Viktor K.

338

Photovoltaics performance and reliability workshop  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document consists of papers and viewgraphs compiled from the proceedings of a workshop held in September 1992. This workshop was the fifth in a series sponsored by NREL/DOE under the general subject areas of photovoltaic module testing and reliability. PV manufacturers, DOE laboratories, electric utilities and others exchanged technical knowledge and field experience. The topics of cell and module characterization, module and system performance, materials and module durability/reliability research, solar radiation, and applications are discussed.

Mrig, L. (ed.) [ed.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Final report on reliability and lifetime prediction.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document highlights the important results obtained from the subtask of the Goodyear CRADA devoted to better understanding reliability of tires and to developing better lifetime prediction methods. The overall objective was to establish the chemical and physical basis for the degradation of tires using standard as well as unique models and experimental techniques. Of particular interest was the potential application of our unique modulus profiling apparatus for assessing tire properties and for following tire degradation. During the course of this complex investigation, extensive relevant information was generated, including experimental results, data analyses and development of models and instruments. Detailed descriptions of the findings are included in this report.

Gillen, Kenneth Todd; Wise, Jonathan; Jones, Gary D.; Causa, Al G. [Goodyear Tire and Rubber Co., Akron, OH; Terrill, Edward R. [Goodyear Tire and Rubber Co., Akron, OH; Borowczak, Marc [Goodyear Tire and Rubber Co., Akron, OH

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

Effects of a carbon tax on microgrid combined heat and power adoption  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Modeling with Combined Heat and Power Applications. with or without combined heat and power (CHP) equipment,Carbon emissions; Combined heat and power; CHP; Distributed

Siddiqui, Afzal S.; Marnay, Chris; Edwards, Jennifer L.; Firestone, Ryan M.; Ghosh, Srijay; Stadler, Michael

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "microgrid reliability modeling" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Office of Electricity Delivery & Energy Reliability Contributors |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Office of Electricity Delivery & Energy Reliability » Office of Office of Electricity Delivery & Energy Reliability » Office of Electricity Delivery & Energy Reliability Contributors Office of Electricity Delivery & Energy Reliability Contributors June 20, 2012 David Ortiz, OE-40 David Ortiz is Deputy Assistant Secretary for Energy Infrastructure Modeling and Analysis (EIMA) in the Department of Energy's Office of Electrici April 25, 2013 Eric Lightner June 22, 2011 Henry S. Kenchington, OE-50 Mr. Henry (Hank) Kenchington is Deputy Assistant Secretary (DAS) for the Advanced Grid Integration Division in the Department of Energy's Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability. He is responsible for the strategic management of the $3.4 billion Smart Grid Investment Grant program funded under the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 to

342

2012 Reliability & Markets Peer Review | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Reliability & Markets Peer Review Reliability & Markets Peer Review 2012 Reliability & Markets Peer Review The Transmission Reliability R&D Reliability & Markets Peer Review included 11 presentations over 2 days on August 7 - 8, 2012 at Cornell University in Ithaca, NY. Presentations and summaries are available through the links and the agenda is included below. Summaries | Full Presentations Day 1: August 7 Transmission Investment Assessment Under Uncertainty About Fuel Prices, Technology, Renewables Penetration and Market Responses Using a Multi-State Stochastic Model Approach with Recourse Renewable Integration Through Risk-Limiting Dispatch and Distributed Resource Aggregations Development and Testing of New Tools Commercialization of the SuperOPF Framework: Phase 2 Essence of Structure Preserving (ESP) Network Reductions for

343

Smart Grid Investments Improve Grid Reliability, Resilience,...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Investments Improve Grid Reliability, Resilience, and Storm Responses (November 2014) Smart Grid Investments Improve Grid Reliability, Resilience, and Storm Responses (November...

344

Electricity & Energy Reliability (WFP) | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Electricity & Energy Reliability (WFP) Electricity & Energy Reliability (WFP) The purpose of the workforce Plan is to provide focus and direction to Human Resources (HR) strategy....

345

ELECTRICITY DELIVERY AND ENERGY RELIABILITY Appropriation Overview  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

ELECTRICITY DELIVERY AND ENERGY RELIABILITY Appropriation Overview Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability (OE) drives electric grid modernization and resiliency in the energy...

346

Thermoelectric Mechanical Reliability | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Mechanical Reliability Thermoelectric Mechanical Reliability 2012 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation...

347

Thermoelectric Materials By Design: Mechanical Reliability (Agreement...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Materials By Design: Mechanical Reliability (Agreement 14957) Thermoelectric Materials By Design: Mechanical Reliability (Agreement 14957) Presentation from the U.S. DOE Office of...

348

CERTS 2012 Program Review - Automatic Reliability Reports (ARR) Research & Implementation - Carlos Martinez, ASR Inc.  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Reliability Reports (ARR) Reliability Reports (ARR) Grid Reliability Performance Metrics Using Model-Less Algorithms Prototype Development and Field Demonstration at MISO Carlos Martinez - Advanced Systems Researchers (ASR) June 12-13, 2012 Washington, D.C. FY12 DOE/NETL Transmission Reliability R&D Internal Program Review Page 0 Presentation Outline  Automatic Reliability Reports (ARR) Background  Grid Reliability Metrics Prototype Objectives  Technical Accomplishments during FY2012 and Next Action Items  Risk Factors Affecting Timely Completion  Follow up Work for FY13  Overview of prototype at MISO: Architecture, Grid Monitoring Visualization and Grid Reliability Tracking Grid Automatic Reliability Report (GARR) Page 1 Automatic Reliability Reports (ARR)

349

Electronic reliability estimation: how reliable are the results?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The development of Safety Critical Systems requires the compliance to several safety standards and regulations. Since, most of the times, human life is at stake, it is crucial to fully understand the behaviour of the system being developed in order to ... Keywords: MIL-Hdbk-217F, MTTF, estimation, reliability

Nuno Silva; Rui Lopes

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

TRANSACTIONS ON PARALLEL AND DISTRIBUTED COMPUTING 1 Reliability of Heterogeneous Distributed  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

TRANSACTIONS ON PARALLEL AND DISTRIBUTED COMPUTING 1 Reliability of Heterogeneous Distributed, Senior Member, IEEE Abstract--While the reliability of distributed-computing systems (DCSs) has been group 1 INTRODUCTION TRADITIONALLY, the problem of modeling and ana- lyzing reliability in distributed

Hayat, Majeed M.

351

Reliability assessment of autonomous power systems incorporating HVDC interconnection links  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objective of this paper is to present an improved computational method for the overall reliability assessment of autonomous power systems that may or may not contain HVdc interconnection links. This is a hybrid method based on a Monte-Carlo simulation sequential approach which incorporates an analytical approach for the reliability modeling of the HVdc transmission links. The developed models and techniques have been implemented into a computer program that can be used to simulate the operational practices and characteristics of the overall system under study efficiently and realistically. A set of reliability indices are calculated for each load-point of interest and the entire system while a set of additional indices is calculated for quantifying the reliability performance of the interconnection links under the specified operating requirements. The analysis of a practical system is also included for a number of studies representing its various operating and design characteristics.

Dialynas, E.N.; Koskolos, N.C. [National Technical Univ., Athens (Greece). Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering] [National Technical Univ., Athens (Greece). Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering; Agoris, D. [Public Power Corp., Athens (Greece)] [Public Power Corp., Athens (Greece)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

Sandia National Laboratories: PV Reliability & Performance Model  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Engine Test Facility Central Receiver Test Facility Power Towers for Utilities Solar Furnace Dish Test Facility Optics Lab Parabolic Dishes Work For Others (WFO) User...

353

Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

The Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability (OE) drives electric grid modernization and resiliency in the energy infrastructure while working to enable innovation across the energy sector, empowering American consumers, and securing our energy future. The OE mission and the leadership role OE plays in the energy industry directly support the President's effort to accelerate the transformation of America's energy system

354

Probabilistic fatigue methodology and wind turbine reliability  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Wind turbines subjected to highly irregular loadings due to wind, gravity, and gyroscopic effects are especially vulnerable to fatigue damage. The objective of this study is to develop and illustrate methods for the probabilistic analysis and design of fatigue-sensitive wind turbine components. A computer program (CYCLES) that estimates fatigue reliability of structural and mechanical components has been developed. A FORM/SORM analysis is used to compute failure probabilities and importance factors of the random variables. The limit state equation includes uncertainty in environmental loading, gross structural response, and local fatigue properties. Several techniques are shown to better study fatigue loads data. Common one-parameter models, such as the Rayleigh and exponential models are shown to produce dramatically different estimates of load distributions and fatigue damage. Improved fits may be achieved with the two-parameter Weibull model. High b values require better modeling of relatively large stress ranges; this is effectively done by matching at least two moments (Weibull) and better by matching still higher moments. For this purpose, a new, four-moment {open_quotes}generalized Weibull{close_quotes} model is introduced. Load and resistance factor design (LRFD) methodology for design against fatigue is proposed and demonstrated using data from two horizontal-axis wind turbines. To estimate fatigue damage, wind turbine blade loads have been represented by their first three statistical moments across a range of wind conditions. Based on the moments {mu}{sub 1}{hor_ellipsis}{mu}{sub 3}, new {open_quotes}quadratic Weibull{close_quotes} load distribution models are introduced. The fatigue reliability is found to be notably affected by the choice of load distribution model.

Lange, C.H. [Stanford Univ., CA (United States)

1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Reliability-based optimization using evolutionary algorithms  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Uncertainties in design variables and problem parameters are often inevitable and must be considered in an optimization task if reliable optimal solutions are sought. Besides a number of sampling techniques, there exist several mathematical approximations ... Keywords: Ditlevsen's bound, Pareto-optimal front, evolutionary multiobjective optimization, most probable point, reliability-based optimization, reliable front, system reliability

Kalyanmoy Deb; Shubham Gupta; David Daum; Jrgen Branke; Abhishek Kumar Mall; Dhanesh Padmanabhan

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Reliability and Markets Program Information | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Reliability and Markets Program Information Reliability and Markets Program Information Summary of the Tranmission Reliability program's Reliability and Markets activity area. The...

357

Using the negative log-gamma distribution for Bayesian system reliability assessment.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Modeling system reliability over time when binary data are collected both at the system and component level has been the subject of many papers. In (more)

Zoh, Roger

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Development of a thermal and electrical energy management in residential building micro-grid  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Global warming and pressing concern about CO2 emission along with increasing fuel and oil cost have brought about great challenges for energy companies and homeowners. In this regard a potential candidate solution is widely used for Distributed Energy Resources which are capable of providing high quality low-cost heat and power to off-grid or remote facilities. To appropriately manage thermal and electrical energy a Smart Energy Management System (SEMS) with hierarchical control scheme has been presented. The developed SEMS model results in mixed integer non-linear programming optimization problem with the objective function of minimizing the operation cost as well as considering emissions. Moreover the optimization problem has been solved for deterministic and stochastic scheduling algorithms. The novelty of this work is basically reliant on using data mining approach to reduce forecasting error. Several case studies have been carried out to evaluate the performance of proposed data mining method on both energy cost and expected cost.

B. Vahidi

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

Sharing local energy infrastructure : organizational models for implementing microgrids and district energy systems in urban commercial districts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

There is a growing trend in cities toward establishing localized, shared energy infrastructure. As existing energy infrastructure ages and demand increases, cities face rising energy costs and security risks combined with ...

Sherman, Genevieve Rose

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Final Report for the Virtual Reliability Realization System LDRD  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Current approaches to reliability are not adequate to keep pace with the need for faster, better and cheaper products and systems. This is especially true in high consequence of failure applications. The original proposal for the LDRD was to look at this challenge and see if there was a new paradigm that could make reliability predictions, along with a quantitative estimate of the risk in that prediction, in a way that was faster, better and cheaper. Such an approach would be based on the underlying science models that are the backbone of reliability predictions. The new paradigm would be implemented in two software tools: the Virtual Reliability Realization System (VRRS) and the Reliability Expert System (REX). The three-year LDRD was funded at a reduced level for the first year ($120K vs. $250K) and not renewed. Because of the reduced funding, we concentrated on the initial development of the expertise system. We developed an interactive semiconductor calculation tool needed for reliability analyses. We also were able to generate a basic functional system using Microsoft Siteserver Commerce Edition and Microsoft Sequel Server. The base system has the capability to store Office documents from multiple authors, and has the ability to track and charge for usage. The full outline of the knowledge model has been incorporated as well as examples of various types of content.

DELLIN, THEODORE A.; HENDERSON, CHRISTOPHER L.; O'TOOLE, EDWARD J.

2000-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "microgrid reliability modeling" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

LAMPF reliability history and program  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Many years of service of the 800?MeV LAMPF H+/H? linac offers the opportunity to evaluate the long?term reliability characteristics of a high?power machine which with up to 800?kW beam power available is as close to an ADTT machine as exists in the world today. Records from the last 15 years of operation were analyzed for trends and areas of deteriorating reliability or disproportionate downtime and used to support engineering judgment on facility refurbishment to regain beam availability. This round of analysis has helped define a further level of detail and automation to be implemented in availability recording. Interesting features which emerge from the history include a clear measurement of the lower availability in the first operating cycle following extended maintenance periods and a consistent picture of the highest availability to be expected in extended operating periods with the facility as used and maintained. The results provide a starting point for informed discussion of reliability goals.

Olin van Dyck

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Real Time Grid Reliability Management 2005  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The increased need to manage California?s electricity grid in real time is a result of the ongoing transition from a system operated by vertically-integrated utilities serving native loads to one operated by an independent system operator supporting competitive energy markets. During this transition period, the traditional approach to reliability management -- construction of new transmission lines -- has not been pursued due to unresolved issues related to the financing and recovery of transmission project costs. In the absence of investments in new transmission infrastructure, the best strategy for managing reliability is to equip system operators with better real-time information about actual operating margins so that they can better understand and manage the risk of operating closer to the edge. A companion strategy is to address known deficiencies in offline modeling tools that are needed to ground the use of improved real-time tools. This project: (1) developed and conducted first-ever demonstrations of two prototype real-time software tools for voltage security assessment and phasor monitoring; and (2) prepared a scoping study on improving load and generator response models. Additional funding through two separate subsequent work authorizations has already been provided to build upon the work initiated in this project.

Eto, Joe; Eto, Joe; Lesieutre, Bernard; Lewis, Nancy Jo; Parashar, Manu

2008-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

363

Electricity Advisory Committee Meeting Presentations October 2011 -  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Microgrids Microgrids Electricity Advisory Committee Meeting Presentations October 2011 - Microgrids Panel Discussion on Microgrids SGD&E's Microgrid Activities - Tom Bialek, Chief Engineer, Smart Grid, San Diego Gas & Electric Company Microgrids - Robert Lasseter, Emeritus Professor, College of Engineering, University of Wisconsin-Madison OE Microgrid R&D Initiatives - Merrill Smith, Program Manager, DOE Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability EAC Presentation - SGD&E's Microgrid Activities 10 2011 Bialek.pdf EAC Presentation - Microgrids 2011 - Lasseter.pdf EAC Presentation - OE Microgrid R&D Initiative 2011 - Smith.pdf More Documents & Publications 2010 Smart Grid Peer Review Day Two Morning Presentations 2012 Smart Grid Peer Review Presentations - Day 1 Morning Session

364

Fault Impacts on Solar Power Unit Reliability Ali M. Bazzi, Katherine A. Kim, Brian B. Johnson, Philip T. Krein, and Alejandro Dominguez-Garca  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fault Impacts on Solar Power Unit Reliability Ali M. Bazzi, Katherine A. Kim, Brian B. Johnson a generalized reliability model of a solar power unit (SPU) based on physical characteristics including material--photovoltaic reliability, solar power unit, reliability modeling procedure. I. INTRODUCTION Photovoltaic (PV) power

Liberzon, Daniel

365

Reliability-Centered Maintenance | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Reliability-Centered Maintenance Reliability-Centered Maintenance Reliability-Centered Maintenance October 7, 2013 - 9:48am Addthis Reliability-centered maintenance leverages the same practices and technologies of predictive maintenance. The difference is that reliability-centered maintenance recognizes that: Equipment design and operations differ Different equipment has different probabilities of failure All equipment is not of equal importance to facility operations Facilities have limited financial and personnel resources. While reliability-centered maintenance relies on predictive maintenance practices and technologies, it also recognizes that maintenance on inexpensive and/or unimportant equipment may be better served by a reactive or predictive maintenance approach. Each of the aforementioned factors are

366

NREL: Wind Research - Gearbox Reliability Collaborative  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Research Research Search More Search Options Site Map Premature gearbox failures have a significant impact on the cost of wind farm operations. In 2007, NREL initiated the Gearbox Reliability Collaborative (GRC). The project combines analysis, field testing, dynamometer testing, condition monitoring, and the development and population of a gearbox failure database in a multi-pronged approach to determine why many wind turbine gearboxes do not achieve their expected design life-the time period that manufacturers expect them to last. Read about: The Gearbox Reliability Collaborative Gearbox Reliability Collaborative Projects Gearbox Reliability Collaborative Research and Development Working with the Gearbox Reliability Collaborative Gearbox Reliability Collaborative Publications

367

Reliability analysis reloaded: how will we survive?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In safety related applications and in products with long lifetimes reliability is a must. Moreover, facing future technology nodes of integrated circuit device level reliability may decrease, i.e., counter-measures have to be taken to ensure product ...

Robert Aitken; Grschwin Fey; Zbigniew T. Kalbarczyk; Frank Reichenbach; Matteo Sonza Reorda

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Choosing the Right Technologies A Model for Cost Optimized Design of a Renewable  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-term generation scheduling for a renewable micro-grid using a hydrogen storage system. Mario Petrollese; Giorgio

Berning, Torsten

369

Real-Time Grid Reliability Management PIER Final Project Report  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Real-Time Grid Reliability Management PIER Final Project Report Real-Time Grid Reliability Management PIER Final Project Report Title Real-Time Grid Reliability Management PIER Final Project Report Publication Type Report Year of Publication 2008 Authors Eto, Joseph H., Manu Parashar, Bernard C. Lesieutre, and Nancy J. Lewis Pagination 62 Date Published 12/2008 Publisher LBNL City Berkeley Keywords consortium for electric reliability technology solutions (certs), energy analysis and environmental impacts department Abstract The increased need to manage California's electricity grid in real time is a result of the ongoing transition from a system operated by vertically integrated utilities serving native loads to one operated by an independent system operator supporting competitive energy markets. During this transition period, the traditional approach to reliability management - construction of new transmission lines - has not been pursued due to unresolved issues related to the financing and recovery of transmission project costs. In the absence of investments in new transmission infrastructure, the best strategy for managing reliability is to equip system operators with better real-time information about actual operating margins so that they can better understand and manage the risk of operating closer to the edge. A companion strategy is to address known deficiencies in offline modeling tools that are needed to ground the use of improved real-time tools.

370

LUNAR MASS SPECTROMETER RELIABILITY LOGIC DIAGRAM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

point (A) to (F). The block diagram also defines the reliability functions for the purpose of FMEA 1

Rathbun, Julie A.

371

Randomized algorithms for reliable broadcast  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this thesis, we design randomized algorithms for classical problems in fault tolerant distributed computing in the full-information model. The full-information model is a strong adversarial model which imposes no ...

Vaikuntanathan, Vinod

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Reliability Considerations from Integration of Smart Grid  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Considerations Considerations from the Integration of Smart Grid 116-390 Village Blvd., Princeton, NJ 08540 609.452.8060 | 609.452.9550 fax www.nerc.com the reliability of the to ensure bulk power system December 2010 (This page intentionally left blank) to ensure the reliability of the bulk power system Reliability Considerations of Integration of Smart Grid i

373

The Whereabouts of Reliability Education: Challenges & Opportunities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. There is a gap between reliability theory and practice, between school and industry, book knowledge and real The probability that the system is still operating at time t. where f(t) probability density function h(t) failure changing and getting higher. #12;Some Reliability books in ... 1960s Igor Bazovsky (1961), Reliability

Bernstein, Joseph B.

374

SAFETY AND RELIABILITY ANALYSIS OF NUCLEAR REACTORS  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract A survey of the various aspects of safety and reliability analysis of nuclear reactors is presented with particular emphasis on the interrelation between structural reliability and systems reliability. In reactor design this interrelation is of overriding importance since it is the task of the control, protective and containment systems to protect the mechanical system and the structure from accidental overloading.

T.A. JAEGER

1972-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

RELIABILITY-BASED CASTING PROCESS DESIGN OPTIMIZATION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

RELIABILITY-BASED CASTING PROCESS DESIGN OPTIMIZATION Richard Hardin1 , K.K. Choi1 , and Christoph 52242-1527 Keywords: Casting Process Design, Optimization, Reliability-Based Design Optimization purpose reliability-based design optimization (RBDO) software tool previously developed at the University

Beckermann, Christoph

376

Measuring Improved Reliability in Stochastic Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for such a path, this represents a better measure of the path's reliability. If the distribution were asymmetricMeasuring Improved Reliability in Stochastic Systems Jeremy Bradley \\Lambda Neil Davies y 30 June 1999 Abstract In this paper, we examine reliability of stochastic systems with specific application

Bradley, Jeremy

377

On the Fatigue Reliability of Hydroelectric Francis Runners  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The reliability assessment of large rotating structures like hydroelectric Francis runners is often limited by our capacity to define a proper limit state combined with a relevant degradation model. In this paper, we propose that the proper limit state for fatigue reliability of such structures is the onset of high cycle fatigue (HCF). Based on this premise, a prior interval for our limit state based on available literature is presented. The prior assumptions are believed to be the first step toward validation of the applicability and suitability of the proposed model. The paper includes an overview of the theoretical background for reliability assessment of Francis turbine runners, the methodology used, and the results obtained from the information gathered from the available literature.

Martin Gagnon; Antoine Tahan; Philippe Bocher; Denis Thibault

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

Reliable Computation of Phase Stability and Equilibrium from the SAFT Equation of State  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Reliable Computation of Phase Stability and Equilibrium from the SAFT Equation of State ... In recent years, molecularly based equations of state, as typified by the SAFT (statistical associating fluid theory) approach, have become increasingly popular tools for the modeling of phase behavior. ... A new methodology is described that is the first completely reliable technique for computing phase stability and equilibrium from the SAFT model. ...

Gang Xu; Joan F. Brennecke; Mark A. Stadtherr

2001-08-11T23:59:59.000Z

379

Sandia National Laboratories: Microgrid  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Their report will focus on system ... ECIS-Princeton Power Systems, Inc.: Demand Response Inverter On March 19, 2013, in DETL, Distribution Grid Integration,...

380

Sandia National Laboratories: Microgrid  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

in successfully testing an application that can also be used for the civilian power grid. This demonstration and deployment work is consistent with the energy ... Mesa del...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "microgrid reliability modeling" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Building Scale DC Microgrids  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Building TechnologiesEfficiency and Renewable Energy, Building Technologies

Marnay, Chris

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

Definition: Reliability Coordinator Information System | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Reliability Coordinator Information System Reliability Coordinator Information System Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Reliability Coordinator Information System The system that Reliability Coordinators use to post messages and share operating information in real time.[1] Related Terms Reliability Coordinator References ↑ Glossary of Terms Used in Reliability Standards An LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. inline Glossary Definition Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Reliability_Coordinator_Information_System&oldid=480407" Categories: Definitions ISGAN Definitions What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version Permanent link Browse properties 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load) Throttled (bot load)

383

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON RELIABILITY, VOL. 38, NO. 1,1989 APRIL 103 Reliable Protocols for Distributed  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON RELIABILITY, VOL. 38, NO. 1,1989 APRIL 103 Reliable Protocols for Distributed-tolerance, Message complexity, Reliable protocol Reader Aids - Purpose: Design reliable distributed protocols Special Termination Detection S. Venkatesan University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh Key Words - Distributed system, Fault

Venkatesan, S.

384

Employing two novel mechanical fault ride through controllers for keeping stability of fixed speed wind generation systems hosted by standalone micro-grid  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper proposes and designs two novels Fault Ride Through (FRT) controllers for maintaining Fixed Speed Wind Generation system (FSWGs) stability during fault events. The first technique has been implemented by increasing the wind turbine blade pitch angle with maximum possible rate to reduce the mechanical extracted wind power and consequently suppress wind generation system acceleration. The second FRT technique has been verified by adapting gear ratio of wind generation system to run far from optimum maximum power point and help FRT process. Effectiveness of the two proposed FRT techniques has been proven by accurate simulation of the most severe disturbance conditions. Also, Results indicated that second technique gives faster response than the first one. Without employing any FRT technique, \\{FSWGs\\} cannot keep its stability and the standalone Micro-Grid (MG) transfers to the blackout mode. Implementation the two FRT techniques requires no additional hardware. Only, control algorithms need little modification to deal with fault event and help FRT process. This fact makes the two proposed FRT techniques are simple, practical and highly economical attractive.

Rashad M. Kamel

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

Comparison of reliability performance of group connected and conventional HVDC transmission systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A group connected HVDC transmission scheme is a variant of the unit connection where instead of a single generator, a group of generators are directly connected to the converter. Studies conducted in the past indicated that significant cost reduction can be achieved using this scheme. This is mainly due to the elimination of many components which results in considerable capital and operating cost savings to the utility. Concerns regarding the reliability performance of unit connected schemes were raised, however, there has not been a detailed reliability study conducted. This paper addresses the reliability evaluation aspect of a group connected scheme and compares the reliability performance of the group connected scheme with that of the conventional common collector system. Reliability models for both schemes were developed using a hypothetical system model based on the Nelson River system. Practical system component outage data was used to examine the reliability performance of both schemes.

Kuruganty, S. [Univ. of North Dakota, Grand Forks, ND (United States). Dept. of Electrical Engineering] [Univ. of North Dakota, Grand Forks, ND (United States). Dept. of Electrical Engineering

1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

2014 DOE Human Reliability Program (HRP) Workshop | Department...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

DOE Human Reliability Program (HRP) Workshop 2014 DOE Human Reliability Program (HRP) Workshop August 18, 2014 - 7:51am Addthis 2014 DOE Human Reliability Program (HRP) Workshop...

387

Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability information about the delivery of electricity and energy reliability Electricity Delivery...

388

Technical Report Confirms Reliability of Yucca Mountain Technical Work |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Technical Report Confirms Reliability of Yucca Mountain Technical Technical Report Confirms Reliability of Yucca Mountain Technical Work Technical Report Confirms Reliability of Yucca Mountain Technical Work February 17, 2006 - 11:59am Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - The Department of Energy's Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste Management (OCRWM) today released a report confirming the technical soundness of infiltration modeling work performed by U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) employees. "The report makes clear that the technical basis developed by the USGS has a strong conceptual foundation and is corroborated by independently-derived scientific conclusions, and provides a solid underpinning for the 2002 site recommendation," said OCRWM's Acting Director Paul Golan. "We are committed to opening Yucca Mountain based only on sound science. The work

389

Influence of reactor configuration on reliability of activated sludge process  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The effect of uncertainty in system parameters and the accuracy of the mathematical model used on the design and reliability of the activated sludge process is investigated by Monte Carlo simulations. Simulations indicate that the coefficient of variation for a reactor volume varies from 0.56 for a single mixed tank reactor to 0.44 for a plug flow reactor. The coefficient of variation for effluent for reactors designed on nominal values was found to be 0.56 for a mixed-tank reactor, 1.28 for two reactors in series, 1.56 for three reactors in series and 1.6 for a plug flow reactor. Significant contributing parameters to the reliability of the process are established. Reactor volumes for desired reliability levels are also calculated.

Puneet Sarna; Sanjeev Chaudhari

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

CERTS 2012 Program Review - Automatic Reliability Reports (ARR) Research & Implementation - Pete Sauer, U Illinois  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Grid Performance Metrics Using Model-less Algorithms Prototype Development and Field Test at MISO Pete Sauer - University of Illinois June 12-13, 2012 Washington D.C. FY12 DOE/NETL Transmission Reliability R&D Internal Program Review * Project objectives * Accomplishments this year * Deliverables and schedule * Risk factors affecting timely completion * Possible follow-on funding in FY 13 * Model-less algorithm description * Real data example * Issues * Post-contingency analysis Presentation Outline 1 * Provide automated reliability measures of closeness to operations limits with minimal model data * Verify adequacy and accuracy of voltage, thermal and stability transmission reliability metrics and model-less algorithms for automated reports

391

MEMS Reliability: Infrastructure, Test Structures, Experiments, and Failure Modes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The burgeoning new technology of Micro-Electro-Mechanical Systems (MEMS) shows great promise in the weapons arena. We can now conceive of micro-gyros, micro-surety systems, and micro-navigators that are extremely small and inexpensive. Do we want to use this new technology in critical applications such as nuclear weapons? This question drove us to understand the reliability and failure mechanisms of silicon surface-micromachined MEMS. Development of a testing infrastructure was a crucial step to perform reliability experiments on MEMS devices and will be reported here. In addition, reliability test structures have been designed and characterized. Many experiments were performed to investigate failure modes and specifically those in different environments (humidity, temperature, shock, vibration, and storage). A predictive reliability model for wear of rubbing surfaces in microengines was developed. The root causes of failure for operating and non-operating MEMS are discussed. The major failure mechanism for operating MEMS was wear of the polysilicon rubbing surfaces. Reliability design rules for future MEMS devices are established.

TANNER,DANELLE M.; SMITH,NORMAN F.; IRWIN,LLOYD W.; EATON,WILLIAM P.; HELGESEN,KAREN SUE; CLEMENT,J. JOSEPH; MILLER,WILLIAM M.; MILLER,SAMUEL L.; DUGGER,MICHAEL T.; WALRAVEN,JEREMY A.; PETERSON,KENNETH A.

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Reliable GPS Integer Ambiguity Resolution  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

D. (1985), 'The market share of diesel cars in the USA,diesel passenger cars. Models exploring automotive demand have been aggregate, predicting vehicle market

Chen, Anning

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

Transmission Reliability | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers [EERE]

design, long-term supply and transmission investment, renewable integration, demand response, and environmental impacts. Researchers use models and simulations to assess how...

394

Reliability Technology earns prestigious Los Alamos Award  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

September 2013 Reliability Technology earns prestigious Los Alamos Award Community Connections: Your link to news and opportunities from Los Alamos National Laboratory Latest...

395

Funding Opportunity Announcement: PHYSICS OF RELIABILITY: EVALUATING...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

and development projects that will advance the reliability and durability of solar photovoltaic (PV) technologies. Eligible projects will examine the performance of PV modules and...

396

Substation reliability -- Practical application and system approach  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Practical application of reliability analysis was made for the comparison of alternate line and bus arrangements of a future transmission substation with potential savings of up to $3.6 M. The paper describes how both the substation and the power system were simulated by using computer programs STAREL and COMREL. It presents the method used to obtain the most accurate estimates for the outage data of the system components. Finally, it expresses the results with simple reliability indices which can be meaningful for management. The results of the study show the need to include the reliability of the transmission system in a substation reliability evaluation.

Save, P. [Southern California Edison Co., Rosemead, CA (United States)] [Southern California Edison Co., Rosemead, CA (United States)

1995-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Substation reliability -- Practical application and system approach  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Practical application of reliability analysis was made for the comparison of alternate line and bus arrangements of a future transmission substation with potential savings of up to 53.6 M. The paper describes how both the substation and the power system were simulated by using computer programs STAREL and COMREL. It presents the method used to obtain the most accurate estimates for the outage data of the system components. Finally, it expresses the results with simple reliability indices which can be meaningful for management. The results of the study show the need to include the reliability of the transmission system in a substation reliability evaluation.

Save, P. [Southern California Edison Co., Rosemead, CA (United States)

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

398

Information Concerning Reliability Impacts under Various System...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Impacts under Various System Configurations of the Mirant Potomac River Plant Information Concerning Reliability Impacts under Various System Configurations of the Mirant...

399

Sandia National Laboratories: Third Annual Continuous Reliability...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

analysis of U.S. wind fleet performance based on aggregated fleet reliability data and includes operational statistics, availability time accounting, and top contributors...

400

Reliability evaluation of smart distribution grids.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The term "Smart Grid" generally refers to a power grid equipped with the advanced technologies dedicated for purposes such as reliability improvement, ease of control (more)

Kazemi, Shahram

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "microgrid reliability modeling" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Energy and reliability benefits of wind energy conversion systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The electrical energy production and reliability benefits of a wind energy conversion system (WECS) at a specific site depend on many factors, including the statistical characteristics of the site wind speed and the design characteristics of the wind turbine generator (WTG) itself, particularly the cut-in, rated and cut-out wind speed parameters. In general, the higher the degree of the wind site matching with a WECS is, the more are the energy and reliability benefits. An electrical energy production and reliability benefit index designated as the Equivalent Capacity Ratio (ECR) is introduced in this paper. This index can be used to indicate the electrical energy production, the annual equivalent utilization time and the credit of a WECS, and quantify the degree of wind site matching with a WECS. The equivalent capacity of a WECS is modeled as the expected value of the power output random variable with the probability density function of the site wind speed. The analytical formulation of the ECR is based on a mathematical derivation with high accuracy. Twelve WTG types and two test systems are used to demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed model. The results show that the ECR provides a useful index for a WTG to evaluate the energy production and the relative reliability performance in a power system, and can be used to assist in the determination of the optimal WTG type for a specific wind site.

Kaigui Xie; Roy Billinton

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

Enhancing co-design reliability by inter-organizational learning and loose coupling  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Enhancing co-design reliability by inter- organizational learning and loose coupling concepts Colin and their potential outcomes (in terms of organizational learning, cooperative effect and consequences). We propose-design reliability model, organizational learning, loose coupling, informal cooperative practices, self

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

403

Software Reliability Cases: The Bridge Between Hardware, Software and System Safety and Reliability  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

High integrity/high consequence systems must be safe and reliable; hence it is only logical that both software safety and software reliability cases should be developed. Risk assessments in safety cases evaluate the severity of the consequences of a hazard and the likelihood of it occurring. The likelihood is directly related to system and software reliability predictions. Software reliability cases, as promoted by SAE JA 1002 and 1003, provide a practical approach to bridge the gap between hardware reliability, software reliability, and system safety and reliability by using a common methodology and information structure. They also facilitate early insight into whether or not a project is on track for meeting stated safety and reliability goals, while facilitating an informed assessment by regulatory and/or contractual authorities.

Herrmann, D.S.; Peercy, D.E.

1999-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

404

Demand Response and Electric Grid Reliability  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Demand Response and Electric Grid Reliability Paul Wattles Senior Analyst, Market Design & Development, ERCOT CATEE Conference, Galveston October 10, 2012 2 North American Bulk Power Grids CATEE Conference October 10, 2012 ? The ERCOT... adequacy ? ?Achieving more DR participation would . . . displace some generation investments, but would achieve the same level of reliability... ? ?Achieving this ideal requires widespread demand response and market structures that enable loads...

Wattles, P.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Data Communication Principles Reliable Data Transfer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Principles Switching Reliable Data Transfer Data Rate of a Communication Channel Transmission Media Data Principles Switching Reliable Data Transfer Data Rate of a Communication Channel Transmission Media Data Transmission Fiber vs Copper Wire Weight vs bandwidth Cost Security 11 / 52 #12;Data Communication Principles

Ramkumar, Mahalingam

406

Information Concerning Reliability Impacts under Various System  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Information Concerning Reliability Impacts under Various System Information Concerning Reliability Impacts under Various System Configurations of the Mirant Potomac River Plant Information Concerning Reliability Impacts under Various System Configurations of the Mirant Potomac River Plant Docket No. EO-05-01: PJM Interconnection, L.L.C. and PEPCO Holdings, Inc. is hereby providing you with additional information concerning reliability impacts under various system conditions associated with the unavailability of the Potomac River Generating Station to serve load in the D.C. area. Also enclosed as part of this submittal is material provided by PEPCO (balance of sentence redacted) In addition, there is a discussion concerning the impacts of demand side response in addressing this situation. Information Concerning Reliability Impacts under Various System

407

Reliability First Corporation | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Reliability First Corporation Reliability First Corporation Dataset Summary Description This dataset comes from the Energy Information Administration (EIA), and is part of the 2011 Annual Energy Outlook Report (AEO2011). This dataset is table 110, and contains only the reference case. The dataset uses gigawatts, billion kilowatthours and quadrillion Btu. The data is broken down into generating capacity, electricity generation and energy consumption. Source EIA Date Released April 26th, 2011 (3 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords 2011 AEO EIA Gateway Reliability First Corporation SERC Reliability Corporation Data application/vnd.ms-excel icon AEO2011:Renewable Energy Generation by Fuel - SERC Reliability Corporation / Gateway- Reference Case (xls, 118.9 KiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Peer Reviewed

408

Definition: Reliability Coordinator Area | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Coordinator Area Coordinator Area Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Reliability Coordinator Area The collection of generation, transmission, and loads within the boundaries of the Reliability Coordinator. Its boundary coincides with one or more Balancing Authority Areas.[1] Related Terms transmission lines, Reliability Coordinator, Balancing Authority Area, transmission line, balancing authority, smart grid References ↑ Glossary of Terms Used in Reliability Standards An inlin LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. e Glossary Definition Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Reliability_Coordinator_Area&oldid=502626" Categories: Definitions ISGAN Definitions What links here Related changes Special pages

409

Microgrids: An emerging paradigm for meeting building electricity and heat requirements efficiently and with appropriate energy quality  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

energy resources DER Customer Adoption Model traditional reciprocating engine powered generator Institut fr Solare

Marnay, Chris; Firestone, Ryan

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

Reliable and Semi-reliable Communication with Authentication in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Reliable and Semi-reliable Communication with Authentication in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks Falko of wireless ad hoc sensor networks is the error-proneness and, therefore, the unreliability of communication describe a new approach and an according protocol for usage in ad hoc networks that provides reliable

Breu, Ruth

411

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON RELIABILITY, VOL. 54, NO. 3, SEPTEMBER 2005 421 Reliability Optimization of Distributed Access  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the SSA. Index Terms--Branch and bound, distributed access networks, optimization, system reliabilityIEEE TRANSACTIONS ON RELIABILITY, VOL. 54, NO. 3, SEPTEMBER 2005 421 Reliability Optimization of Distributed Access Networks With Constrained Total Cost Fang-Ming Shao, Xuemin (Sherman) Shen, Senior Member

Shen, Xuemin "Sherman"

412

Fuel Cells: Thermodynamic Engine to a Sustainable Energy Future Richard T. Carlin  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

sustainable, reliable electrical grids and micro-grids. Integration of fuel cell systems with renewable penetration; enhances grid and micro-grid power management; provides efficient electrical power generation from biomass; provides easily scalable micro-grid energy storage; and enables long

Levi, Anthony F. J.

413

Individual Differences in Human Reliability Analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

While human reliability analysis (HRA) methods include uncertainty in quantification, the nominal model of human error in HRA typically assumes that operator performance does not vary significantly when they are given the same initiating event, indicators, procedures, and training, and that any differences in operator performance are simply aleatory (i.e., random). While this assumption generally holds true when performing routine actions, variability in operator response has been observed in multiple studies, especially in complex situations that go beyond training and procedures. As such, complexity can lead to differences in operator performance (e.g., operator understanding and decision-making). Furthermore, psychological research has shown that there are a number of known antecedents (i.e., attributable causes) that consistently contribute to observable and systematically measurable (i.e., not random) differences in behavior. This paper reviews examples of individual differences taken from operational experience and the psychological literature. The impact of these differences in human behavior and their implications for HRA are then discussed. We propose that individual differences should not be treated as aleatory, but rather as epistemic. Ultimately, by understanding the sources of individual differences, it is possible to remove some epistemic uncertainty from analyses.

Jeffrey C. Joe; Ronald L. Boring

2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

Accident Sequence Evaluation Program: Human reliability analysis procedure  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document presents a shortened version of the procedure, models, and data for human reliability analysis (HRA) which are presented in the Handbook of Human Reliability Analysis With emphasis on Nuclear Power Plant Applications (NUREG/CR-1278, August 1983). This shortened version was prepared and tried out as part of the Accident Sequence Evaluation Program (ASEP) funded by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission and managed by Sandia National Laboratories. The intent of this new HRA procedure, called the ''ASEP HRA Procedure,'' is to enable systems analysts, with minimal support from experts in human reliability analysis, to make estimates of human error probabilities and other human performance characteristics which are sufficiently accurate for many probabilistic risk assessments. The ASEP HRA Procedure consists of a Pre-Accident Screening HRA, a Pre-Accident Nominal HRA, a Post-Accident Screening HRA, and a Post-Accident Nominal HRA. The procedure in this document includes changes made after tryout and evaluation of the procedure in four nuclear power plants by four different systems analysts and related personnel, including human reliability specialists. The changes consist of some additional explanatory material (including examples), and more detailed definitions of some of the terms. 42 refs.

Swain, A.D.

1987-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

ON THE RELIABILITY OF POLARIZATION ESTIMATION USING ROTATION MEASURE SYNTHESIS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We benchmark the reliability of the rotation measure (RM) synthesis algorithm using the 1005 Centaurus A field sources of Feain et al. The RM synthesis solutions are compared with estimates of the polarization parameters using traditional methods. This analysis provides verification of the reliability of RM synthesis estimates. We show that estimates of the polarization parameters can be made at lower signal-to-noise ratio (S/N) if the range of RMs is bounded, but reliable estimates of individual sources with unusual RMs require unconstrained solutions and higher S/N. We derive from first principles the statistical properties of the polarization amplitude associated with RM synthesis in the presence of noise. The amplitude distribution depends explicitly on the amplitude of the underlying (intrinsic) polarization signal. Hence, it is necessary to model the underlying polarization signal distribution in order to estimate the reliability and errors in polarization parameter estimates. We introduce a Bayesian method to derive the distribution of intrinsic amplitudes based on the distribution of measured amplitudes. The theoretically derived distribution is compared with the empirical data to provide quantitative estimates of the probability that an RM synthesis solution is correct as a function of S/N. We provide quantitative estimates of the probability that any given RM synthesis solution is correct as a function of measured polarized amplitude and the intrinsic polarization amplitude compared to the noise.

Macquart, J.-P.; Ekers, R. D. [ICRAR/Curtin University of Technology, Bentley, WA 6845 (Australia); Feain, I. [CSIRO Astronomy and Space Science, P.O. Box 76, Epping, NSW 1710 (Australia); Johnston-Hollitt, M., E-mail: J.Macquart@curtin.edu.au [School of Chemical and Physical Sciences, Victoria University of Wellington, P.O. Box 600, Wellington 6140 (New Zealand)

2012-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

416

Gearbox Reliability Collaborative High-Speed Shaft Calibration  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Instrumentation has been added to the high-speed shaft, pinion, and tapered roller bearing pair of the Gearbox Reliability Collaborative gearbox to measure loads and temperatures. The new shaft bending moment and torque instrumentation was calibrated and the purpose of this document is to describe this calibration process and results, such that the raw shaft bending and torque signals can be converted to the proper engineering units and coordinate system reference for comparison to design loads and simulation model predictions.

Keller, J.; McNiff, B.

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

Development in structural systems reliability theory  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper is concerned with two topics on structural systems reliability theory. One covers automatic generation of failure mode equations, identifications of stochastically dominant failure modes, and reliability assessment of redundant structures. Reduced stiffness matrixes and equivalent nodal forces representing the failed elements are introduced for expressing the safety margins of the elements, using a matrix method. Dominant failure modes are systematically selected by a branch-and-bound technique and heuristic operations. The other discusses the various optimum design problems based on reliability concept. Those problems are interpreted through a solution to a multi-objective optimization problem.

Y. Murotsu

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

Evaluation of versions of electric power grid repair schemes from the results of structural reliability calculations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A procedure for processing repair claims using the results of an estimate of the structural reliability of the electric grid, the results of the approval of algorithms using the example of a test model, and th...

P. V. Toshchakov; O. M. Kotov; A. F. Kostarev

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

SERC Reliability Corporation | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

SERC Reliability Corporation SERC Reliability Corporation Dataset Summary Description This dataset comes from the Energy Information Administration (EIA), and is part of the 2011 Annual Energy Outlook Report (AEO2011). This dataset is table 113, and contains only the reference case. The dataset uses gigawatts, billion kilowatthours and quadrillion Btu. The data is broken down into generating capacity, electricity generation and energy consumption. Source EIA Date Released April 26th, 2011 (3 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords 2011 AEO Carolina EIA Renewable Energy Generation SERC Reliability Corporation Virginia Data application/vnd.ms-excel icon AEO2011: Renewable Energy Generation by Fuel - SERC Reliability Corporation / Virginia-Carolina- Reference Case (xls, 118.9 KiB) Quality Metrics

420

Photovoltaic Module Reliability Workshop 2013 | Department of...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

and PV Evolutions Impact and Detection of Pyranometer Failure on PV Performance, D.C. Jordan and B. Sekulic of NREL Manufacturing Metrology for c-Si Module ReliabilityDurability,...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "microgrid reliability modeling" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

2014 Transmission Reliability Program Peer Review  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Transmission Reliability Program Peer Review included 20 presentations over 2 days on June 3 - 4, 2014 in Washington, DC. Presentations are available through the links. The agenda is available to download.

422

Apply reliability centered maintenance to sealless pumps  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper reports on reliability centered maintenance (RCM) which is considered a crucial part of future reliability engineering. RCM determines the maintenance requirements of plants and equipment in their operating context. The RCM method has been applied to the management of critical sealless pumps in fire/toxic risk services, typical of the petrochemical industry. The method provides advantages from a detailed study of any critical engineering system. RCM is a team exercise and fosters team spirit in the plant environment. The maintenance strategy that evolves is based on team decisions and relies on maximizing the inherent reliability built into the equipment. RCM recommends design upgrades where this inherent reliability is being questioned. Sealless pumps of canned motor design are used as main reactor charge pumps in PVC plants. These pumps handle fresh vinyl chloride monomer (VCM), which is both carcinogenic and flammable.

Pradhan, S. (Exxon Chemicals Canada, Ontario (Canada))

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Reliability of lightning resistant overhead distribution lines  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An assessment of the 32 year historical reliability of the 13.8 kV electrical distribution system at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) in Tennessee has yielded several conclusions useful In the planning of Industrial power Systems. The system configuration at ORNL has essentially remained unchanged in the last 32 years which allows a meaningful comparison of reliability trends for the plant`s eight overhead distribution lines, two of which were built in the 1960`s with lightning resistant construction techniques. Meticulous records indicating the cause, duration, and location of 135 electric outages in the plant`s distribution system have allowed a reliability assessment to be performed. The assessment clearly shows how differences in voltage construction class, length, age, and maximum elevation above a reference elevation influence the reliability of overhead power distribution lines. Comparisons are also made between the ORNL historical data and predicted failure rates from ANSI and IEEE industry surveys.

Tolbert, L.M.; Cleveland, J.T.; Degenhardt, L.J.

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Reliability Challenges for Solar Energy (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

PV industry can benefit from reliability testing experience of microelectronics industry . Si modules perform well in field; CdTe/CIGS must be sealed to moisture; CPV in product development stage.

Kurtz, S.

2009-04-27T23:59:59.000Z

425

Definition: Reliability Coordinator | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Coordinator Coordinator Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Reliability Coordinator The entity that is the highest level of authority who is responsible for the reliable operation of the Bulk Electric System, has the Wide Area view of the Bulk Electric System, and has the operating tools, processes and procedures, including the authority to prevent or mitigate emergency operating situations in both nextday analysis and real-time operations. The Reliability Coordinator has the purview that is broad enough to enable the calculation of Interconnection Reliability Operating Limits, which may be based on the operating parameters of transmission systems beyond any Transmission Operator's vision.[1] Related Terms transmission lines, Bulk Electric System, transmission line

426

A method for setting reliability performance criteria  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Reliability performance criteria are required for monitoring under the Maintenance Rule. This paper presents a probabilistic approach for establishing these performance criteria on a plant-specific basis. Results are presented for a number of case studies, and are summarized in terms of a deterministic formula. This formula was used to develop and document reliability performance criteria for all Maintenance Rule systems/subsystems at the Vermont Yankee Nuclear Power Station.

Burns, K.J.; Turcotte, R.T. [Yankee Atomic Electric Co., Bolton, MA (United States). Nuclear Engineering Dept.

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

Communication Reliability in Network on Chip Designs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

duplication with parity (DAP) and triplication error correction (TEC) with Green bus coding for crosstalk avoidances to guard against crosstalk induced errors is presented in [49] and [50] respectively. Ying et al. in [42] present the design of a reliable... duplication with parity (DAP) and triplication error correction (TEC) with Green bus coding for crosstalk avoidances to guard against crosstalk induced errors is presented in [49] and [50] respectively. Ying et al. in [42] present the design of a reliable...

Kumar, Reeshav

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

428

32 - Reliability in instrumentation and control  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Publisher Summary Reliability is generally defined as the probability that a component or assembly operates without failure for a prescribed period under specified conditions. To ensure a meaningful result, the conditions of operation, both physical and electrical, must be specified in detail as the standard of performance is required. The chapter also discusses reliability and mean time between failures (MTBF). It is convenient to look for value; the one usually adopted is MTBF. This applies to a maintained system in which each failure is repaired and the equipment is then restored to service. For systems, which cannot be maintained, such as satellite control systems, the value of interest is the mean time to failure (MTTF). Another measure of reliability that is often quoted is failure ratethat is, the number of failures per unit time. This is particularly useful in relation to individual components because it is the most convenient figure to use when estimating the reliability of a complete system in terms of the performance of its components. Equipment manufacturers generally quote MTBF as an indication of reliability as the value does not depend upon the operating period, which is often different for each user. However, reliability is the factor of prime concern to the user, and the relation between this and MTBF is thus important. The simplest case occurs when the failure rate, and thus, MTBF is constant with time.

J. Cluley

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Reliability improvement of distribution systems using SSVR  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents a reliability assessment algorithm for distribution systems using a Static Series Voltage Regulator (SSVR). Furthermore, this algorithm considers the effects of Distributed Generation (DG) units, alternative sources, system reconfiguration, load shedding and load adding on distribution system reliability indices. In this algorithm, load points are classified into 8 types and separated restoration times are considered for each class. Comparative studies are conducted to investigate the impacts of DG and alternative source unavailability on the distribution system reliability. For reliability assessment, the customer-oriented reliability indices such as SAIFI, SAIDI, CAIDI ASUI and also load- and energy-oriented indices such as ENS and AENS are evaluated. The effectiveness of the proposed algorithm is examined on the two standard distribution systems consisting of 33 and 69 nodes. The best location of the SSVR in distribution systems is determined based on different reliability indices, separately. Results show that the proposed algorithm is efficient for large-scale radial distribution systems and can accommodate the effects of fault isolation and load restoration.

Mehdi Hosseini; Heidar Ali Shayanfar; Mahmoud Fotuhi-Firuzabad

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

The added economic and environmental value of plug-in electric vehicles connected to commercial building microgrids  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

solar thermal, stationary batteries, thermal storage, andThe model allows the EV batteries to transfer electricity toPV, and stationary batteries as options, e) an everything

Stadler, Michael

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

Method for reliability analysis of complex reactor systems. [LMFBR  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A method and a computer code for efficient and accurate reliability analyses of complex reactor systems are described and illustrated through an example. The method permits realistic analyses through its ability to accurately model and evaluate instantaneous and average unavailabilities for large systems with dependencies. The component models can include continuously monitored, non-repairable, and periodically tested components which are subject to failures resulting from components which are subject to failures resulting from component demands, stand-by conditions, human errors associated with testing and repair, as well as failures during actual operation. The numerical process used is efficient and allows analysis of general system configurations with arbitrary scheduling of maintenance operations.

Elerath, J.G.; Vaurio, J.K.; Wood, A.P.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Modeling Electric Vehicle Benefits Connected to Smart Grids  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on Microgrid Combined Heat and Power Adoption, Journal ofstorage, and combined heat and power (CHP) systems with andheat exchanger (using combined heat and power capabilities),

Stadler, Michael

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

A case study on effectiveness of structural reliability analysis in nuclear reactor safety assessment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Problems on reliability of structural integrity occupy an important position in various aspects of nuclear reactor safety. In the present paper, an effective method for quantitative evaluation of structural reliability based on stress strength model is developed with the objectives of taking a larger number of factors into the evaluation than before and giving useful results within moderate computing time. The method is applied to the reliability analysis of PWR pressure vessels. The results show the relative importance of inspection as well as the parameter uncertainty for assuring the reliability of the structure, although analysis is limited within the scope of linear elastic fracture mechanics (LEFM). This case study also shows that the analysis of structural reliability is effective for safety assessment of nuclear power plants in general and possibly for the improvements of the consistency in the design code.

A. Yamaguchi; S. Kondo; Y. Togo

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

Reliable High Performance Peta- and Exa-Scale Computing  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As supercomputers become larger and more powerful, they are growing increasingly complex. This is reflected both in the exponentially increasing numbers of components in HPC systems (LLNL is currently installing the 1.6 million core Sequoia system) as well as the wide variety of software and hardware components that a typical system includes. At this scale it becomes infeasible to make each component sufficiently reliable to prevent regular faults somewhere in the system or to account for all possible cross-component interactions. The resulting faults and instability cause HPC applications to crash, perform sub-optimally or even produce erroneous results. As supercomputers continue to approach Exascale performance and full system reliability becomes prohibitively expensive, we will require novel techniques to bridge the gap between the lower reliability provided by hardware systems and users unchanging need for consistent performance and reliable results. Previous research on HPC system reliability has developed various techniques for tolerating and detecting various types of faults. However, these techniques have seen very limited real applicability because of our poor understanding of how real systems are affected by complex faults such as soft fault-induced bit flips or performance degradations. Prior work on such techniques has had very limited practical utility because it has generally focused on analyzing the behavior of entire software/hardware systems both during normal operation and in the face of faults. Because such behaviors are extremely complex, such studies have only produced coarse behavioral models of limited sets of software/hardware system stacks. Since this provides little insight into the many different system stacks and applications used in practice, this work has had little real-world impact. My project addresses this problem by developing a modular methodology to analyze the behavior of applications and systems during both normal and faulty operation. By synthesizing models of individual components into a whole-system behavior models my work is making it possible to automatically understand the behavior of arbitrary real-world systems to enable them to tolerate a wide range of system faults. My project is following a multi-pronged research strategy. Section II discusses my work on modeling the behavior of existing applications and systems. Section II.A discusses resilience in the face of soft faults and Section II.B looks at techniques to tolerate performance faults. Finally Section III presents an alternative approach that studies how a system should be designed from the ground up to make resilience natural and easy.

Bronevetsky, G

2012-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

435

Measuring eating disorder attitudes and behaviors: a reliability generalization study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

I used reliability generalization procedures to determine the mean score reliability of the Eating Disorder Inventory (EDI), the Eating Attitudes Test (EAT), and the Bulimia Test (BULIT). Reliability generalization is a type of meta-analysis used...

Pearson, Crystal Anne

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

436

Reliable Deployment of Component-based Applications into Distributed Environments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Reliable Deployment of Component-based Applications into Distributed Environments Abbas Heydarnoori's quality of service properties such as reliability. In distributed sys- tems, the reliability that should be deployed into a large distributed en- vironment, several deployment configurations are typ

Czarnecki, Krzysztof

437

Considering Risk-Taking Behavior in Travel Time Reliability  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

wide distribution of preferences for speed and reliability.Distribution of Motorists Preference for Travel Time and Reliability:time, reliability and cost have normal distributions, i.e. ,

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

Application of fault tree analysis for customer reliability assessment of a distribution power system  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A new method is developed for predicting customer reliability of a distribution power system using the fault tree approach with customer weighted values of component failure frequencies and downtimes. Conventional customer reliability prediction of the electric grid employs the system average (SA) component failure frequency and downtime that are weighted by only the quantity of the components in the system. These SA parameters are then used to calculate the reliability and availability of components in the system, and eventually to find the effect on customer reliability. Although this approach is intuitive, information is lost regarding customer disturbance experiences when customer information is not utilized in the SA parameter calculations, contributing to inaccuracies when predicting customer reliability indices in our study. Hence our new approach directly incorporates customer disturbance information in component failure frequency and downtime calculations by weighting these parameters with information of customer interruptions. This customer weighted (CW) approach significantly improves the prediction of customer reliability indices when applied to our reliability model with fault tree and two-state Markov chain formulations. Our method has been successfully applied to an actual distribution power system that serves over 2.1 million customers. Our results show an improved benchmarking performance on the system average interruption frequency index (SAIFI) by 26% between the SA-based and CW-based reliability calculations.

Fariz Abdul Rahman; Athi Varuttamaseni; Michael Kintner-Meyer; John C. Lee

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Now Available: Smart Grid Investments Improve Grid Reliability...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Smart Grid Investments Improve Grid Reliability, Resilience, and Storm Responses (November 2014) Now Available: Smart Grid Investments Improve Grid Reliability, Resilience, and...

440

Agenda for the PV Module Reliability Workshop, February 26 -...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Agenda for the PV Module Reliability Workshop, February 26 - 27 2013, Golden, Colorado Agenda for the PV Module Reliability Workshop, February 26 - 27 2013, Golden, Colorado This...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "microgrid reliability modeling" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

2013 Reliability & Markets Peer Review - Day 2 Presentations...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Review - The Nexus of System Reliability, Energy Costs, and the Environment During High Energy Demand Days - Max Zhang, Cornell More Documents & Publications 2012 Reliability &...

442

Reliability Evaluation of Substations Subject to Protection Failures:.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Reliability evaluation of power system substations is of significant importance when performing asset management. Most of the studies about substation reliability only focus on the (more)

Wang, F.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Thermal Stress and Reliability for Advanced Power Electronics...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Performance and Reliability of Bonded Interfaces Physics of Failure of Electrical Interconnects Thermal Stress and Reliability for Advanced Power Electronics and Electric Machines...

444

Guide to Using Combined Heat and Power for Enhancing Reliability...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Guide to Using Combined Heat and Power for Enhancing Reliability and Resiliency in Buildings Guide to Using Combined Heat and Power for Enhancing Reliability and Resiliency in...

445

Combined Heat and Power System Enables 100% Reliability at Leading...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Enables 100% Reliability at Leading Medical Campus - Case Study, 2013 Combined Heat and Power System Enables 100% Reliability at Leading Medical Campus - Case Study, 2013 Thermal...

446

Methods of estimating the reliability of nuclear reactor installations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Domestic and foreign experience indicate that quantitative analysis of the reliability of reactor systems during their development is a rather effective means of increasing their reliability.

I. Ya. Emel'yanov; A. I. Klemin; E. F. Polyakov

1974-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability Recovery...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability Recovery Program Plan Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability Recovery Program Plan Microsoft Word - OE PSRP June 5 2009...

448

The Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability is...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

The Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability is Closely Monitoring Hurricane Irene (2011) The Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability is Closely...

449

Office of Electricity Delivery & Energy Reliability FY 2012 Budget...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Office of Electricity Delivery & Energy Reliability FY 2012 Budget Request Presentation Office of Electricity Delivery & Energy Reliability FY 2012 Budget Request Presentation...

450

Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability Cyber Security...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability Cyber Security Project Selections Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability Cyber Security Project Selections On...

451

Transmission Reliability "Load as a Resource" Peer Review Materials...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Transmission Reliability "Load as a Resource" Peer Review Materials Now Available Transmission Reliability "Load as a Resource" Peer Review Materials Now Available September 25,...

452

Mechanical Reliability of Piezo-Stack Actuators | Department...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Mechanical Reliability of Piezo-Stack Actuators Mechanical Reliability of Piezo-Stack Actuators Presentation from the U.S. DOE Office of Vehicle Technologies "Mega" Merit Review...

453

Electro-thermal-mechanical Simulation and Reliability for Plug...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Electro-thermal-mechanical Simulation and Reliability for Plug-in Vehicle Converters and Inverters Electro-thermal-mechanical Simulation and Reliability for Plug-in Vehicle...

454

The Business Case for Fuel Cells 2013: Reliability, Resiliency...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

3: Reliability, Resiliency & Savings The Business Case for Fuel Cells 2013: Reliability, Resiliency & Savings This report, compiled by Fuel Cells 2000 with support from the Fuel...

455

2013 Reliability & Markets Peer Review | Department of Energy  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

2013 Reliability & Markets Peer Review 2013 Reliability & Markets Peer Review 2013 Reliability & Markets Peer Review The Transmission Reliability R&D Reliability & Markets Peer Review included 13 presentations over 2 days on August 6 - 7, 2013 at Cornell University in Ithaca, NY. Presentations are available through the links. The agenda and list of presentations are included below. The Reliability and Markets activity of the Transmission Reliability program researches, develops, and implements electricity infrastructure and market simulations that integrate economics and engineering principles. The activity helps to ensure electric reliability, while also improving the efficiency and economics of market operations. Day 1: August 6 Session I Transmission Investment Assessment Under Uncertainty, Ben Hobbs,

456

Travel Time Reliability: Its Measurement and Prediction | ornl...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

reliability can help agencies understand the performance of their systems and monitor how reliability improves over time. It equips them to answer questions like: What is the...

457

High Reliability, High TemperatureThermoelectric Power Generation...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Reliability, High TemperatureThermoelectric Power Generation Materials and Technologies High Reliability, High TemperatureThermoelectric Power Generation Materials and Technologies...

458

Smart Grid: Creating Jobs while Delivering Reliable,  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Smart Grid: Creating Jobs while Delivering Reliable, Smart Grid: Creating Jobs while Delivering Reliable, Environmentally-friendly Energy Home > Groups > OpenEI Community Central Graham7781's picture Submitted by Graham7781(1992) Super contributor 2 March, 2010 - 14:14 imported OpenEI On April 16th, 2009, Vice President Joe Biden announced that the Department of Energy was planning to develop a stronger, more reliable energy grid. The plan would allocate $3.4 billion in funds to be distributed across the nation, aiding projects aimed at improving and updating the current electrical power grid in the United States. Two projects are funded by smart grid: smaller and larger. Smaller projects range from $300,000 to $20,000,000. These projects typically focus on upgrading equipment in less populated ares. Larger projects range from

459

Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability PROGRAM DESCRIPTION  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

2 2 Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability PROGRAM DESCRIPTION The Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability (OE) leads national efforts to modernize the electric grid, enhance security and reliability of energy infrastructure, and facilitate recovery from disruptions to the energy supply. As stated in the President's A Policy Framework for the 21 st Century Grid, a smarter, modernized electric grid is fundamental to transforming the Nation's energy system and securing US leadership in a clean energy future. OE supports activities that enable innovation across the energy sector, empower American consumers, and secure our energy future. OE consists of three programs: Research and Development; Permitting, Siting and Analysis; and Infrastructure Security and Energy Restoration.

460

We present two systems, reliable sockets (rocks) and reliable packets (racks), that provide transparent network connection  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abstract We present two systems, reliable sockets (rocks) and reliable packets (racks of the connection changes IP address, with correct recovery of in-flight data. To allow rocks and racks Protocol that enables the remote detection of rocks and racks, or any other socket enhancement system

Miller, Barton P.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "microgrid reliability modeling" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Technique for Measuring Hybrid Electronic Component Reliability  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Materials compatibility studies of aged, engineered materials and hardware are critical to understanding and predicting component reliability, particularly for systems with extended stockpile life requirements. Nondestructive testing capabilities for component reliability would significantly enhance lifetime predictions. For example, if the detection of crack propagation through a solder joint can be demonstrated, this technique could be used to develop baseline information to statistically determine solder joint lifelengths. This report will investigate high frequency signal response techniques for nondestructively evaluating the electrical behavior of thick film hybrid transmission lines.

Green, C.C.; Hernandez, C.L.; Hosking, F.M.; Robinson, D.; Rutherford, B.; Uribe, F.

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

Power Electronics Reliability Kick Off Meeting … Silicon Power Corp. & Sandia Labs  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Reliability Reliability 2010 Update Conference - DOE ESS Program November 4, 2010 Mark A. Smith - Systems Readiness & Sustainment Technologies Robert Kaplar, Matthew Marinella, Reinhard Brock, James Stanley, and Michael King - Radiation Hard CMOS Technology Stan Atcitty - Energy Infrastructure and Distributed Energy Resources Sandia National Laboratories Thanks to Dr. Imre Gyuk for supporting this work. Project Goals * Use experiments and modeling to investigate and characterize stress-related failure modes of post-silicon power electronic (PE) devices such as silicon carbide (SiC) and gallium nitride (GaN) switches. * Seek opportunities for condition monitoring (CM) and prognostics and health management (PHM) to further enhance the reliability of power electronics devices and equipment.

463

Power Electronics Reliability Kick Off Meeting … Silicon Power Corp. & Sandia Labs  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Reliability Reliability Analysis Annual DOE Peer Review Meeting October 8, 2009 Mark A. Smith - Systems Readiness & Sustainment Technologies Department Stan Atcitty - Energy Infrastructure and Distributed Energy Resources Department Sandia National Laboratories Technologies & Customers * Complex Systems Modeling & Simulation * Life Cycle & Total Ownership Costs Analyses * Design for Reliability/Maintainability * Prognostics & Health Management (PHM) * Integrated Logistics Support * Technology Management Optimization * Asset Acquisition & Mission Planning * Risk Assessment & Risk Management Technologies Support Broad Customer Base Automotive Power Electronics Aviation Nuclear Power Coal-Fired Power Petroleum Tools & Technologies Validated Through Broad Use

464

A Control Scheme of Enhanced Reliability for Multiple Chiller Plants Using Mergerd Building Cooling Load Measurements  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the Eighth International Conference for Enhanced Building Operations, Berlin, Germany, October 20-22, 2008 much on the accuracy of the chiller model. Measurement accuracy and reliability are essential for the accuracy and reliability of chiller sequencing... Central Chilling Plant Monitoring and control Figure 1. Framework of enhancing building cooling load measurements using data fusion 2 ESL-IC-08-10-31 Proceedings of the Eighth International Conference for Enhanced Building Operations, Berlin, Germany...

Wang, S.; Sun, Y.; Huang, G.; Zhu, N.

465

Granite Reliable Power | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Reliable Power Reliable Power Jump to: navigation, search Name Granite Reliable Power Facility Granite Reliable Power Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Brookfield Renewable Energy Group Developer Brookfield Renewable Energy Group Energy Purchaser Green Mountain Power / Central Vermont Public Service / New England Power Pool Location Milan NH Coordinates 44.74039314°, -71.28376007° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":44.74039314,"lon":-71.28376007,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

466

Reliable Link Maintenance in Cognitive Radio Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

resources and overcome the under-utilization of licensed spectrum. Since the licensed user still keeps) have to vacate the spectrum in case the licensed user claims it. In order to maintain the qualityReliable Link Maintenance in Cognitive Radio Systems Daniel Willkomm, James Gross and Adam Wolisz

Gross, James

467

Reliability Meets Big Data: Opportunities and Challenges  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

be outfitted with sensors that can be used to capture information about how and when and under what #12;1 The Next Generation of Reliability Data 1.1 Background Due to changes in technology, the next sensors and smart chips in a product to measure variables such as use rate, system load, and various

468

REPUTATION AND RELIABILITY IN COLLECTIVE GOODS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

REPUTATION AND RELIABILITY IN COLLECTIVE GOODS THE CASE OF THE ONLINE ENCYCLOPEDIA WIKIPEDIA Denise into essentially public goods. Similar to other public goods, incentives for reputation and group identity appear such goods. In this paper we examine how contributor motivations affect the type of contributions made

Smith, Sean W.

469

Reliability centered maintenance for substation equipment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper is a collection of training materials on the principles and implementation of reliability centered maintenance. The main areas discussed in this presentation are organized as follows: RCM principles and concepts; RCM tools, resources and methods; overview of the RCM process; example RCM application; living PM program; RCM implementation experience.

NONE

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

Grid Reliability- An Electric Utility Company's Perspective  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Presentationgiven at the Federal Utility Partnership Working Group (FUPWG) Fall 2008 meetingcovers Southern Company's business continuity, North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC) cybersecurity, and homeland security as well as physical recovery after a major outage, and five questions to ask your local utility.

471

Relatedness influences signal reliability in evolving robots  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

minute in an arena containing a food and a poison source that both emitted red light (figure 1). Robots could distinguish food and poison only at a very close range. The performance of robots was proportional related robots produced signals that reliably indicated the location of the food source and thereby

Floreano, Dario

472

Performance and reliability of Multistage Bus Network  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

are then introduced. Fault tolerance and reliability of an MBN are evaluated using redundancy graphs. It is revealed that MBN in loosely coupled system can totally retain its connection capability in the presence of fault in any single component (i.e. switch, link...

Askar, Tahsin

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

473

Assessment of microelectronics packaging for high temperature, high reliability applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report details characterization and development activities in electronic packaging for high temperature applications. This project was conducted through a Department of Energy sponsored Cooperative Research and Development Agreement between Sandia National Laboratories and General Motors. Even though the target application of this collaborative effort is an automotive electronic throttle control system which would be located in the engine compartment, results of this work are directly applicable to Sandia`s national security mission. The component count associated with the throttle control dictates the use of high density packaging not offered by conventional surface mount. An enabling packaging technology was selected and thermal models defined which characterized the thermal and mechanical response of the throttle control module. These models were used to optimize thick film multichip module design, characterize the thermal signatures of the electronic components inside the module, and to determine the temperature field and resulting thermal stresses under conditions that may be encountered during the operational life of the throttle control module. Because the need to use unpackaged devices limits the level of testing that can be performed either at the wafer level or as individual dice, an approach to assure a high level of reliability of the unpackaged components was formulated. Component assembly and interconnect technologies were also evaluated and characterized for high temperature applications. Electrical, mechanical and chemical characterizations of enabling die and component attach technologies were performed. Additionally, studies were conducted to assess the performance and reliability of gold and aluminum wire bonding to thick film conductor inks. Kinetic models were developed and validated to estimate wire bond reliability.

Uribe, F.

1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

Sandia National Laboratories: modernize the electric grid  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Energy Assurance, Energy Storage, Energy Storage Systems, Energy Surety, Grid Integration, Infrastructure Security, Microgrid, Modeling & Analysis, News, News & Events,...

475

Sandia National Laboratories: distributed energy resources  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Energy Assurance, Energy Storage, Energy Storage Systems, Energy Surety, Grid Integration, Infrastructure Security, Microgrid, Modeling & Analysis, News, News & Events,...

476

Sandia National Laboratories: renewable energy power generation  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Security, Microgrid, Modeling & Analysis, News, News & Events, Partnership, Renewable Energy, SMART Grid, Systems Analysis, Systems Engineering Mayor Says New System...

477

Reliability of EUCLIDIAN: An autonomous robotic system for image-guided prostate brachytherapy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purpose: Recently, several robotic systems have been developed to perform accurate and consistent image-guided brachytherapy. Before introducing a new device into clinical operations, it is important to assess the reliability and mean time before failure (MTBF) of the system. In this article, the authors present the preclinical evaluation and analysis of the reliability and MTBF of an autonomous robotic system, which is developed for prostate seed implantation. Methods: The authors have considered three steps that are important in reliability growth analysis. These steps are: Identification and isolation of failures, classification of failures, and trend analysis. For any one-of-a-kind product, the reliability enhancement is accomplished through test-fix-test. The authors have used failure mode and effect analysis for collection and analysis of reliability data by identifying and categorizing the failure modes. Failures were classified according to severity. Failures that occurred during the operation of this robotic system were considered as nonhomogenous Poisson process. The failure occurrence trend was analyzed using Laplace test. For analyzing and predicting reliability growth, commonly used and widely accepted models, Duane's model and the Army Material Systems Analysis Activity, i.e., Crow's model, were applied. The MTBF was used as an important measure for assessing the system's reliability. Results: During preclinical testing, 3196 seeds (in 53 test cases) were deposited autonomously by the robot and 14 critical failures were encountered. The majority of the failures occurred during the first few cases. The distribution of failures followed Duane's postulation as well as Crow's postulation of reliability growth. The Laplace test index was -3.82 (<0), indicating a significant trend in failure data, and the failure intervals lengthened gradually. The continuous increase in the failure occurrence interval suggested a trend toward improved reliability. The MTBF was 592 seeds, which implied that several prostate seed implantation cases would be possible without encountering any critical failure. The shape parameter for the MTBF was 0.3859 (<1), suggesting a positive reliability growth of this robotic system. At 95% confidence, the reliability for deposition of 65 seeds was more than 90%. Conclusions: Analyses of failure mode strongly indicated a gradual improvement of reliability of this autonomous robotic system. High MTBF implied that several prostate seed implant cases would be possible without encountering any critical failure.

Podder, Tarun K.; Buzurovic, Ivan; Huang Ke; Showalter, Timothy; Dicker, Adam P.; Yu, Yan [Department of Radiation Oncology, Kimmel Cancer Center (NCI-designated), Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19107 (United States)

2011-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

478

How to Estimate the Value of Service Reliability Improvements  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

smart grid investment is proposed, reliability improvement is one of the most frequently cited benefits.

Sullivan, Michael J.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

Improving Work Flow Reliability Proceedings IGLC-7 275  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ballard1 ABSTRACT Improving work flow reliability is important for the productivity of linked productionImproving Work Flow Reliability Proceedings IGLC-7 275 IMPROVING WORK FLOW RELIABILITY Glenn units, and consequently for project cost and duration. One measure of work flow reliability is PPC

Tommelein, Iris D.

480

ORNL/TM-2004/91 MEASUREMENT PRACTICES FOR RELIABILITY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

;#12;1. Introduction and Discussion of the Measurement "Toolkit" This report provides a distribution reliabilityORNL/TM-2004/91 MEASUREMENT PRACTICES FOR RELIABILITY AND POWER QUALITY A TOOLKIT OF RELIABILITY MEASUREMENT PRACTICES June 2004 #12;#12;ORNL/TM-2004/91 MEASUREMENT PRACTICES FOR RELIABILITY AND POWER

Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "microgrid reliability modeling" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

NREL: Energy Systems Integration Facility - Prototype and Component...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

DC systems such as commercial microgrids Long-duration reliability and safety tests of battery and energy storage system components Thermal energy storage materials testing...

482

Electricity Advisory Committee Meeting Presentations October...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

of Engineering, University of Wisconsin-Madison OE Microgrid R&D Initiatives - Merrill Smith, Program Manager, DOE Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability For more...

483

Comments of North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC) to DOE  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC) North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC) to DOE Smart Grid RFI: Addressing Policy and Logistical Challenges Comments of North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC) to DOE Smart Grid RFI: Addressing Policy and Logistical Challenges Response to the Department of Energy's ("DOE") Request for Information (RFI) regarding the "Smart Grid RFI: Addressing Policy and Logistical Challenges." The North American Electric Reliability Corporation's ("NERC") Reliability Assessment and Performance Analysis Group ("RAPA") is currently developing a report, entitled "Reliability Consideration from Integration of Smart Grid" that will address many of the issues raised in the DOE RFI. North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC)

484

NORTH AMERICAN ELECTRIC RELIABILITY COUNCIL: Preliminary Disturbance Report  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

NORTH AMERICAN ELECTRIC RELIABILITY COUNCIL: Preliminary NORTH AMERICAN ELECTRIC RELIABILITY COUNCIL: Preliminary Disturbance Report NORTH AMERICAN ELECTRIC RELIABILITY COUNCIL: Preliminary Disturbance Report The following information represents a partial sequence of events based upon Reliability Coordinator information available to NERC. It is not clear if these events caused the event or were a consequence of other events. NERC is establishing teams to study the event and will coordinate with FERC, DOE, the industry and others. NORTH AMERICAN ELECTRIC RELIABILITY COUNCIL: Preliminary Disturbance Report More Documents & Publications North American Electric Reliability Council Power Outage Update North American Electric Reliability Council Outage Announcement U.S. - Canada Power System Outage Task Force: Final Report on the

485

Federal Energy Management Program: Reliability-Centered Maintenance  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Reliability-Centered Maintenance to someone by E-mail Share Federal Energy Management Program: Reliability-Centered Maintenance on Facebook Tweet about Federal Energy Management Program: Reliability-Centered Maintenance on Twitter Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Reliability-Centered Maintenance on Google Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Reliability-Centered Maintenance on Delicious Rank Federal Energy Management Program: Reliability-Centered Maintenance on Digg Find More places to share Federal Energy Management Program: Reliability-Centered Maintenance on AddThis.com... Sustainable Buildings & Campuses Operations & Maintenance Federal Requirements Program Management Commissioning Metering Computerized Maintenance Management Systems

486

Estimating the Effect of Domestic Load and Renewable Supply Variability on Battery Capacity Requirements for Decentralized Microgrids  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Large battery banks are a commonly considered alternative for local storage of volatile energy supply in decentralized grid management. In this paper the hypothetical case of an isolated community of 15 houses with direct access to a nearby set of wind turbines and a backup grid connection (e.g. ex-urban hamlet) is being considered. The question arises as to what size of battery, relative to household average daily consumption, should be installed in order to avoid excessively fast aging of said battery bank, i.e. to avoid the need to replace it faster than standard expected battery lifetime. The basic technology of the batteries addressed in this study is lithium ion phosphate. A dynamic modeling process of aging is implemented, along with realistic wind power data and a stochastic model of domestic load, with variable morning/evening peaks, weekend and seasonal effects. It was found that simulations using domestic load profiles and variability predict a significant reduction in expected battery state of health, for comparable average loads, than standard load cycles used for industrial testing, and that increased variability in average domestic load has a minor effect on the speed of state of health reduction. Furthermore a region of high sensitivity to overall battery bank size can be observed, which subsides over approx. 200 hours of average household consumption.

Malte Thomann; Florin Popescu

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

Reliability analysis for wind turbines with incomplete failure data collected from after the date of initial installation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Reliability analysis for wind turbines with incomplete failure data collected from after the date model Maximum likelihood Least squares Wind turbines a b s t r a c t Reliability has an impact on wind analysis. In wind energy industry, wind farm operators have greater interest in recording wind turbine

McCalley, James D.

488

Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Subtopic c. References: Subtopic c. References: 1. Thomas B. Johansson, Henry Kelly, Amulya K.N. Reddy, and Robert H. Williams, "Renewable Energy: Sources for Fuels and Electricity", Island Press, 1993 2. Patrick Takahashi and Andrew Trenka, "Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion", John Wiley & sons, 1996. *All references can be accessed at: http://archive.epri.com/oceanenergy/streamenergy.html#reports OFFICE OF ELECTRICITY DELIVERY AND ENERGY RELIABILITY 28. NATURAL DISASTER REDUCTION THROUGH TECHNOLOGY The U.S. electric power sector is a critical part of our society. Virtually all aspects of residential, industrial, and commercial activities depend on safe, reliable, and affordable electricity. Electricity is among the most infrastructure-intensive segments of the energy sector - the electricity grid includes a network of 5,000 power

489

North American Electric Reliability Council Outage Announcement |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Council Outage Announcement Council Outage Announcement North American Electric Reliability Council Outage Announcement Starting at about 4:11 p.m. EDT, major losses of electric load occurred in the northeastern United States and Canada in the Eastern Interconnection. Although the exact cause is not known at present, the outages are not the result of a terrorist attack. The areas most affected center around the Great Lakes: Michigan, Ohio, New York City, Ontario, Quebec, northern New Jersey, Massachusetts, and Connecticut. North American Electric Reliability Council Outage Announcement More Documents & Publications Blackout 2003: Final Report on the August 14, 2003 Blackout in the United States and Canada: Causes and Recommendations Blackout 2003: Blackout Final Implementation Report

490

Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Comments of Cisco Systems to Comments of Cisco Systems to Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability Department of Energy in Response to Request for Information: Addressing Policy and Logistical Challenges to Smart Grid Implementation Issued September 13, 2010 FR Doc. 2010-23251 November 30, 2010 Cisco Systems provides these Comments in response to the Request for Information ("RFI") issued by the Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability of the Department of Energy ("DOE") on September 13, 2010. The RFI seeks information across a broad range of topics, but also requests that commenters be "concise," and provide "facts and concrete recommendations that can augment the general knowledge." 1 1. Interoperability Standards and the Smart Grid

491

Sample sizes for confidence limits for reliability.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We recently performed an evaluation of the implications of a reduced stockpile of nuclear weapons for surveillance to support estimates of reliability. We found that one technique developed at Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) under-estimates the required sample size for systems-level testing. For a large population the discrepancy is not important, but for a small population it is important. We found that another technique used by SNL provides the correct required sample size. For systems-level testing of nuclear weapons, samples are selected without replacement, and the hypergeometric probability distribution applies. Both of the SNL techniques focus on samples without defects from sampling without replacement. We generalized the second SNL technique to cases with defects in the sample. We created a computer program in Mathematica to automate the calculation of confidence for reliability. We also evaluated sampling with replacement where the binomial probability distribution applies.

Darby, John L.

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

492

Reliability Analysis of Brittle, Thin Walled Structures  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

One emerging application for ceramics is diesel particulate filters being used order to meet EPA regulations going into effect in 2008. Diesel particulates are known to be carcinogenic and thus need to be minimized. Current systems use filters made from ceramics such as mullite and corderite. The filters are brittle and must operate at very high temperatures during a burn out cycle used to remove the soot buildup. Thus the filters are subjected to thermal shock stresses and life time reliability analysis is required. NASA GRC has developed reliability based design methods and test methods for such applications, such as CARES/Life and American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) C1499 Standard Test Method for Equibiaxial Strength of Ceramics.

Jonathan A Salem and Lynn Powers

2007-02-09T23:59:59.000Z

493

Bridging Resilience Engineering and Human Reliability Analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

There has been strong interest in the new and emerging field called resilience engineering. This field has been quick to align itself with many existing safety disciplines, but it has also distanced itself from the field of human reliability analysis. To date, the discussion has been somewhat one-sided, with much discussion about the new insights afforded by resilience engineering. This paper presents an attempt to address resilience engineering from the perspective of human reliability analysis (HRA). It is argued that HRA shares much in common with resilience engineering and that, in fact, it can help strengthen nascent ideas in resilience engineering. This paper seeks to clarify and ultimately refute the arguments that have served to divide HRA and resilience engineering.

Ronald L. Boring

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

Target structural reliability in life cycle consideration  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The concept of minimising life cycle cost can be rationally applied to determine a target reliability of structures. However, there has been a recent legal requirement to reduce CO2 emissions, therefore, the minimisation of life cycle CO2 emission could be an alternative approach in structural design. This paper explains the general formulae for deciding the optimum reliability by minimising the total life cycle cost and the amount of CO2 emission in the structure's lifetime, and also shows that these formulae can be applied to decision making for the cost-benefit problem related to seismic strengthening of structures. Additionally, the role of the engineer is discussed, reflecting the current situation in Japan.

Jun Kanda; Tsuyoshi Takada; Hang Choi

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

495

Reliability and the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

and the Federal Reliability and the Federal and the Federal Reliability and the Federal Energy Regulatory Energy Regulatory Commission Commission Michael Peters Michael Peters Energy Infrastructure & Cyber Security Advisor Energy Infrastructure & Cyber Security Advisor Federal Energy Regulatory Commission Federal Energy Regulatory Commission 202 202 - - 502 502 - - 8461 8461 Michael.Peters@FERC.GOV Michael.Peters@FERC.GOV The views expressed in this The views expressed in this presentation do not represent the presentation do not represent the views of the Federal Energy views of the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission or the United Regulatory Commission or the United States. States. These views are the personal opinion These views are the personal opinion of Mike Peters!!!! of Mike Peters!!!! ☺ ☺ ☺ ☺ ☺ ☺

496

Reliability based inspection scheduling of floaters  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper presents the development and application of reliability based inspection planning techniques for floaters. Based on previous experience from jacket structure applications optimized inspection planning (OIP) techniques for floaters are developed. The differences between floaters and jacket structures in relation to fatigue damage, redundancy levels and inspection practice are examined and reflected in the proposed methodology. The application and benefits of these techniques is demonstrated through representative analyses and important trends are highlighted through the results of a parametric sensitivity study.

Onoufriou, T.; Simpson, R.J.; Protopapas, M.

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

497

Report on the analysis of field data relating to the reliability of solar hot water systems.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Utilities are overseeing the installations of thousand of solar hot water (SHW) systems. Utility planners have begun to ask for quantitative measures of the expected lifetimes of these systems so that they can properly forecast their loads. This report, which augments a 2009 reliability analysis effort by Sandia National Laboratories (SNL), addresses this need. Additional reliability data have been collected, added to the existing database, and analyzed. The results are presented. Additionally, formal reliability theory is described, including the bathtub curve, which is the most common model to characterize the lifetime reliability character of systems, and for predicting failures in the field. Reliability theory is used to assess the SNL reliability database. This assessment shows that the database is heavily weighted with data that describe the reliability of SHW systems early in their lives, during the warranty period. But it contains few measured data to describe the ends of SHW systems lives. End-of-life data are the most critical ones to define sufficiently the reliability of SHW systems in order to answer the questions that the utilities pose. Several ideas are presented for collecting the required data, including photometric analysis of aerial photographs of installed collectors, statistical and neural network analysis of energy bills from solar homes, and the development of simple algorithms to allow conventional SHW controllers to announce system failures and record the details of the event, similar to how aircraft black box recorders perform. Some information is also presented about public expectations for the longevity of a SHW system, information that is useful in developing reliability goals.

Menicucci, David F. (Building Specialists, Inc., Albuquerque, NM)

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

Washington DC Reliability Requirements and the Need to Operate Mirant's  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Washington DC Reliability Requirements and the Need to Operate Washington DC Reliability Requirements and the Need to Operate Mirant's Potomac River Generation Station to Support Local Area Reliability (Oak Ridge National Laboratory 2005) Washington DC Reliability Requirements and the Need to Operate Mirant's Potomac River Generation Station to Support Local Area Reliability (Oak Ridge National Laboratory 2005) Pursuant to Docket No. EO-05-01: Oak Ridge National Laboratory provided an analysis of the Mirant Potomac River Generation Station in 2005 and discussed the reliability requirements of the local area and the potential impacts on reliability of changing operation of the Potomac River Generating Station in this paper. Washington DC Reliability Requirements and the Need to Operate Mirant's Potomac River Generation Station to Support Local Area Reliability.pdf

499

College of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability | Department of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability College of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability College of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability Vision OE recognizes that our Nation's sustained economic prosperity, quality of life, and global competitiveness depend on access to an abundance of secure, reliable, and affordable energy resources. Through a mix of technology and policy solutions, we will address the changing dynamics and uncertainties in which the electric system will operate. We will leverage effective partnerships, solid research, and best practices to address diverse interests in achieving economic, societal, and environmental objectives. Resources Explore the following topics at OE's College of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability:

500

NORTH AMERICAN ELECTRIC RELIABILITY COUNCIL: Preliminary Disturbance Report  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

NORTH AMERICAN ELECTRIC RELIABILITY COUNCIL: Preliminary NORTH AMERICAN ELECTRIC RELIABILITY COUNCIL: Preliminary Disturbance Report NORTH AMERICAN ELECTRIC RELIABILITY COUNCIL: Preliminary Disturbance Report The following information represents a partial sequence of events based upon Reliability Coordinator information available to NERC. It is not clear if these events caused the event or were a consequence of other events. NERC is establishing teams to study the event and will coordinate with FERC, DOE, the industry and others. NORTH AMERICAN ELECTRIC RELIABILITY COUNCIL: Preliminary Disturbance Report More Documents & Publications North American Electric Reliability Council Power Outage Update Blackout 2003: Final Report on the August 14, 2003 Blackout in the United States and Canada: Causes and Recommendations