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1

Figure ES1. Schema for Estimating Energy and Energy-Related Statistics,  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelines About U.S.30Natural Gas Glossary529 633 6221,2372003ofDec. 31 705PC'sFigure ES1.

2

ESRP 285 Climate Chart Questions: Your Name _______________________________ You saw Figure 1 in class. It shows estimates of atmospheric CO2 in black, average earth  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in class. It shows estimates of atmospheric CO2 in black, average earth temperature in red and sea level be much higher than normal every 100,000 yrs #12;5. Figure 1 shows the average earth temperature

Ford, Andrew

3

PRELIMINARY TIME ESTIMATES FOR CORING OPERATIONS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EQUATIONS 17 FIGURE 1. DRILL STRING ROUND TRIP 19 FIGURE 2. STANDARD ROTARY CORING (RCB) WIRELINE TRIP 21) WIRELINE TRIP 25 FIGURE 5. ESTIMATED RIGGING, WIRELINE, AND SCANNING TIME FOR REENTRY. 27 #12;Preliminary

4

Microsoft Word - figure_14.doc  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia,(Million Barrels) Crude Oil Reserves in Nonproducing Reservoirs Year2per Thousand Cubic Feet)December 201042 Figure

5

PHOBOS Experiment: Figures and Data  

DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

PHOBOS consists of many silicon detectors surrounding the interaction region. With these detectors physicists can count the total number of produced particles and study the angular distributions of all the products. Physicists know from other branches of physics that a characteristic of phase transitions are fluctuations in physical observables. With the PHOBOS array they look for unusual events or fluctuations in the number of particles and angular distribution. The articles that have appeared in refereed science journals are listed here with separate links to the supporting data plots, figures, and tables of numeric data. See also supporting data for articles in technical journals at http://www.phobos.bnl.gov/Publications/Technical/phobos_technical_publications.htm and from conference proceedings at http://www.phobos.bnl.gov/Publications/Proceedings/phobos_proceedings_publications.htm

The PHOBOS Collaboration

6

Les figures acoustiques de Chladni. Figures acoustiques de Chladni Ernst Chladni ( 1756-1827) Figures acoustiques de Chladni 1787  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Les figures acoustiques de Chladni. Figures acoustiques de Chladni Ernst Chladni ( 1756-1827) Figures acoustiques de Chladni 1787 Comme les cordes vibrantes, les plaques peuvent vibrer à différentes phénomène a été découvert par le physicien E. Chladni. Pour cela il fait vibrer à l'aide d'un archet une

d'Orléans, Université

7

BILIWG: Consistent "Figures of Merit" (Presentation)  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

BILIWG: Consistent "Figures of Merit" A finite set of results reported in consistent units * To track progress of individual projects on a consistent basis * To enable comparing...

8

RELEVANT SPECTROSCOPIC DATA Figure A.1: 1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, 25°C, 499.85 MHz) of 1iPr Figure A.12: 1 H NMR Spectrum (C6D6, 70°C, 499.85 MHz) of 1iPr Figure A.13: 13 C{1 H} NMR Spectrum (C6D6, 25°C, 125.70 MHz) of 1iPr #12;228 Figure A.14: 31 P{1 H} NMR Spectrum (C6D6, 25°C, 121.48 MHz) of 1iPr #12;229 Figure A.15: 1 H-13 C HSQC NMR Spectrum (C6D6, 25°C, 499

Winfree, Erik

9

Supplementary Figure legends Supplementary Figure 1: Long term follow up of changing hair cycle domains on  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Supplementary Figure legends Supplementary Figure 1: Long term follow up of changing hair cycle to trace the temporal changes of hair cycle domains. Pictures were taken every 2-3 days and selective ones are shown here. In normal pigmented mice, similar hair cycle domains can be revealed by simple hair clipping

Maini, Philip K.

10

Figure legends Figure 1: Normalized radiance spectra of the different experimental color  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

treatment groups. The fluorescent (red) line represents the narrow rearing treatment. The 5500K (green) and 10000K (blue) lines represent the two bulb types used. #12;Figure S4: Behavioral predictive model performance for the broad-spectrum

Carleton, Karen L.

11

Figure and finish of grazing incidence mirrors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Great improvement has been made in the past several years in the quality of optical components used in synchrotron radiation (SR) beamlines. Most of this progress has been the result of vastly improved metrology techniques and instrumentation permitting rapid and accurate measurement of the surface finish and figure on grazing incidence optics. A significant theoretical effort has linked the actual performance of components used as x-ray wavelengths to their topological properties as measured by surface profiling instruments. Next-generation advanced light sources will require optical components and systems to have sub-arc second surface figure tolerances. This paper will explore the consequences of these requirements in terms of manufacturing tolerances to see if the present manufacturing state-of-the-art is capable of producing the required surfaces. 15 refs., 14 figs., 2 tabs.

Takacs, P.Z. (Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (USA)); Church, E.L. (Picatinny Arsenal, Dover, NJ (USA). Army Armament Research, Development and Engineering Center)

1989-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

Figure correction of multilayer coated optics  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A process is provided for producing near-perfect optical surfaces, for EUV and soft-x-ray optics. The method involves polishing or otherwise figuring the multilayer coating that has been deposited on an optical substrate, in order to correct for errors in the figure of the substrate and coating. A method such as ion-beam milling is used to remove material from the multilayer coating by an amount that varies in a specified way across the substrate. The phase of the EUV light that is reflected from the multilayer will be affected by the amount of multilayer material removed, but this effect will be reduced by a factor of 1-n as compared with height variations of the substrate, where n is the average refractive index of the multilayer.

Chapman; Henry N. (Livermore, CA), Taylor; John S. (Livermore, CA)

2010-02-16T23:59:59.000Z

13

Figure ES1. Map of Northern Alaska  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelines About U.S.30Natural Gas Glossary529 633 6221,2372003ofDec. 31 705PC'sFigure ES1. Map

14

Surface figure control for coated optics  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A pedestal optical substrate that simultaneously provides high substrate dynamic stiffness, provides low surface figure sensitivity to mechanical mounting hardware inputs, and constrains surface figure changes caused by optical coatings to be primarily spherical in nature. The pedestal optical substrate includes a disk-like optic or substrate section having a top surface that is coated, a disk-like base section that provides location at which the substrate can be mounted, and a connecting cylindrical section between the base and optics or substrate sections. The optic section has an optical section thickness.sup.2 /optical section diameter ratio of between about 5 to 10 mm, and a thickness variation between front and back surfaces of less than about 10%. The connecting cylindrical section may be attached via three spaced legs or members. However, the pedestal optical substrate can be manufactured from a solid piece of material to form a monolith, thus avoiding joints between the sections, or the disk-like base can be formed separately and connected to the connecting section. By way of example, the pedestal optical substrate may be utilized in the fabrication of optics for an extreme ultraviolet (EUV) lithography imaging system, or in any optical system requiring coated optics and substrates with reduced sensitivity to mechanical mounts.

Ray-Chaudhuri, Avijit K. (Livermore, CA); Spence, Paul A. (Pleasanton, CA); Kanouff, Michael P. (Livermore, CA)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Chladni figures in Andreev billiards F. Libisch 1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Chladni figures in Andreev billiards F. Libisch 1 , S. Rotter, and J. Burgd¨orfer Institute of the wavefunctions in the electron and hole sheet. We identify cases where the Chladni figures for the electrons of the retroreflection picture. 1 Introduction When Ernst Chladni first studied the formation of nodal patterns

Florian, Libisch

16

Supplemental Figures: Figure S1. Analysis of endo-siRNA targets in different microarray datasets. The  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Supplemental Figures: Figure S1. Analysis of endo-siRNA targets in different microarray datasets. The percentage of each array dataset that were predicted endo-siRNA targets according to the Ambros dataset (Lee et al. 2006) was plotted [(number of endo-siRNA targets in microarray dataset / total genes

Bass, Brenda L.

17

Estimates of Energy Consumption by Building Type and End Use at U.S. Army Installations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

4. Figure 5-5. 1993 Electricity Consumption Estimates by EndkWh/ft ) 1993 Electricity Consumption Estimates by End Useof Total) 1993 Electricity Consumption Estimates by End Use

Konopacki, S.J.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Correctness of depiction in planar diagrams of spatial figures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We show that it is possible to decide whether a given planar diagram correctly depicts the spatial figure consisting of a planar quadrangle together with its shadow in another plane.

P. L. Robinson

2014-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

19

Supplementary Figure 1 SHAPE-MaP data analysis pipeline.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Supplementary Figure 1 SHAPE-MaP data analysis pipeline. Outline of software pipeline that fully.1 GHz Intel Core i7 and 16 GB RAM). This strategy is implemented in the SHAPE-MaP Folding Pipeline

Cai, Long

20

Figure 7.1. Control of an alarm system. Figure 7.2. A simple memory element.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-digit BCD counter. Enable Q0 Q1 Q2 D0 D1 D2 Load Clock 1 0 0 0 Clock Q30 D3 Enable Q0 Q1 Q2 D0 D1 D2 Load Clock 0 0 0 Q30 D3 BCD0 BCD1 Clear Figure 7.30. Johnson counter. D Q Q Clock D Q Q D Q Q Q0 Q1 Qn 1 by CAD tools. Data Clock Latch #12;Figure 7.34. Timing simulation of storage elements. Figure 7.35. Code

Kalla, Priyank

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mfw estimates figures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Estimating Methods  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

Based on the project's scope, the purpose of the estimate, and the availability of estimating resources, the estimator can choose one or a combination of techniques when estimating an activity or project. Estimating methods, estimating indirect and direct costs, and other estimating considerations are discussed in this chapter.

1997-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

22

Thermoelectric figure of merit of silicide two-dimensional quantum wells  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The calculation was made to estimate thermoelectric figure of merit, ZT, of quantum well structured films made of Transition Metal (TM) silicide, alloys of silicon and germanium, etc. 1-dimensional quantum confinement of charge carrier with quantum well structure were assumed in the calculation model. Transport properties parallel to the layer were estimated as a function of well width. Full account was made of Fermi statistics, and thermal conduction in the barrier layer was taken into account. Results of the calculation indicate that moderate increase in ZT is possible in modulated doping superlattice structure of TM silicides. But ZT decreases with decreasing well width in combinations of silicon and TM silicides. This is due to the larger thermal conductivity of silicon used as a barrier material.

Yamamoto, Z.; Ohta, T. [Electrotechnical Lab., Tsukuba, Ibaraki (Japan)

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

23

Figures of the World Healthcare Organisation show that stroke  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Figures of the World Healthcare Organisation show that stroke is currently the leading cause disabilities following a stroke, the economic burden and shortage of rehabilitation therapists are also developed a robotic exoskeleton system that meets the requirements of effective post-stroke upper

24

Figure 2 Analysis Tool Interface Level-1 / PBBT Analysis Tool  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Figure 2 ­ Analysis Tool Interface Level-1 / PBBT Analysis Tool Introduction The Level-1/PBBT Analysis Tool (LPAT) was designed to assist in the analysis of North American Standard Level-1 Inspection. The data incorporated into the tool includes the results of Level-1 inspections with accompanying PBBT test

25

Forces on a magnet moving past figure-eight coils  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

For the first time, the lift, drag, and guidance forces acting on a permanent magnet are measured as the magnet passes over different arrays of figure-eight (null-flux) coils. The experimental results are in good agreement with the predictions of dynamic circuit theory, which is used to explain more optimal coil arrays.

Mulcahy, T.H.; He, Jianliang; Rote, D.M. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States); Rossing, T.D. [Northern Illinois Univ., De Kalb, IL (United States). Dept. of Physics

1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Forces on a magnet moving past figure-eight coils  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

For the first time, the lift, drag, and guidance forces acting on a permanent magnet are measured as the magnet passes over different arrays of figure-eight (null-flux) coils. The experimental results are in good agreement with the predictions of dynamic circuit theory, which is used to explain more optimal coil arrays.

Mulcahy, T.H.; He, Jianliang; Rote, D.M. (Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)); Rossing, T.D. (Northern Illinois Univ., De Kalb, IL (United States). Dept. of Physics)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

SupplementalFigures1 Supplementary Figure S1: Sample Mean Excess (SME) for a range of thresholds at the grid point closest to 3  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SupplementalFigures1 2 Supplementary Figure S1: Sample Mean Excess (SME) for a range of thresholds at the grid point closest to 3 Bergen, Norway in the BCMHIRHAM5 downscaling. The SME

Meskhidze, Nicholas

28

NOvA (Fermilab E929) Official Plots and Figures  

DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

The NOvA collaboration, consisting of 180 researchers across 28 institutions and managed by the Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (FNAL), is developing instruments for a neutrino-focused experiment that will attempt to answer three fundamental questions in neutrino physics: 1) Can we observe the oscillation of muon neutrinos to electron neutrinos; 2) What is the ordering of the neutrino masses; and 3) What is the symmetry between matter and antimatter? The collaboration makes various data plots and figures available. These are grouped under five headings, with brief descriptions included for each individual figure: Neutrino Spectra, Detector Overview, Theta12 Mass Hierarchy CP phase, Theta 23 Delta Msqr23, and NuSterile.

29

Patterned Fabric Know - How (Plaids, Stripes, Checks, and Figured Designs).  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DC \\1\\245.7 '13 Fbiterned Fabric mow-Kbw Contents Design Principles and Patterned Fabrics Pattern Selection Fabric Construction Selecting and Preparing Fabric Kinds of Plaids and Stripes Pri nts Other Patterned Fabrics Combining..., Stripes, Checks and Figured Designs) Extension Clothing Specialists The Texas A&M University System Patterned fabrics provide an interesting di mension to anyone's wardrobe. In a garment or as an accent, patterned fabrics are colorful and ex citing...

Anoymous,

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

GEOLOGY, January 2007 1 GSA Data Repository item 2007010, Figures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

GEOLOGY, January 2007 1 1 GSA Data Repository item 2007010, Figures DR1A (photo of speleothem PP1 and methods for uranium-series chronology), and DR2, (18 O and 13 C data), is available online at www 9140, Boulder, CO 80301, USA. Geology, January 2007; v. 35; no. 1; p.1­4; doi: 10.1130/G22865A.1; 3

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

31

Figure 1: IPA symbols [wikipedia]. Unvoiced Consonants Voiced Consonants Vowels  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Figure 1: IPA symbols [wikipedia]. Unvoiced Consonants Voiced Consonants Vowels Example Dbet IPA/at H û Example Dbet IPA /th/is D D /b/ee b b /d/og d d /g/ab g g /j/udge J ? /l/ook l l /m/an m m /n/ap n n /r/eal r r plea/s/ure Z Z si/ng/ G N /v/ow v v /w/in w w /y/ou y j /z/oo z z Example Dbet IPA L

Allen, Jont

32

Figure ES6. Fuel Economy Effects on Annual Energy Growth  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelines About U.S.30Natural Gas Glossary529 633 6221,2372003ofDec. 31ES5 Figure ES5.

33

Fermilab E866 (NuSea) Figures and Data Plots  

DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

The NuSea Experiment at Fermilab studied the internal structure of protons, in particular the difference between up quarks and down quarks. This experiment also addressed at least two other physics questions: nuclear effects on the production of charmonia states (bound states of charm and anti-charm quarks) and energy loss of quarks in nuclei from Drell-Yan measurements on nuclei. While much of the NuSea data are available only to the collaboration, figures, data plots, and tables are presented as stand-alone items for viewing or download. They are listed in conjunction with the published papers, theses, or presentations in which they first appeared. The date range is 1998 to 2008. To see these figures and plots, click on E866 publications or go directly to http://p25ext.lanl.gov/e866/papers/papers.html. Theses are at http://p25ext.lanl.gov/e866/papers/e866theses/e866theses.html and the presentations are found at http://p25ext.lanl.gov/e866/papers/e866talks/e866talks.html. Many of the items are postscript files.

E866 NuSea Collaboration

34

The effect of a multivalley energy band structure on the thermoelectric figure of merit  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

value of the thermoelectric figure of merit Z than a similar material which has only a single valleyL-49 The effect of a multivalley energy band structure on the thermoelectric figure of merit D. M A comparison is drawn between the dimensionless thermoelectric figure of merit of a multivalleyed semiconductor

Boyer, Edmond

35

Figure 1:Energy Consumption in USg gy p 1E Roberts, Energy in US  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Figure 1:Energy Consumption in USg gy p 2008 1E Roberts, Energy in US Source: www.eia.gov #12 National Academy of Science 2009 #12;Figure 8: US Production of Primary Energy by Fuel 8E Roberts, Energy Consumption and Production 13E Roberts, Energy in US EIA Annual Energy Outlook 2012 #12;Figure 14: Oil Price

Sutton, Michael

36

Cost Estimator  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

A successful candidate in this position will serve as a senior cost and schedule estimator who is responsible for preparing life-cycle cost and schedule estimates and analyses associated with the...

37

Evaluation of Loss Factor Estimation Techniques for Free Hanging Flat Panels Excited Mechanically  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with simulated LF = 0.1 and fn=1000 Hz). ................................................................................. 155 Figure C.2: Study of the effect of number of triggers on dB decay (for a 1DOF system with simulated LF = 0.01 and fn=1000 Hz...) ................................................................................ 155 Figure C.3: Study of effect of number of triggers on loss factor estimation (for a 1DOF system with simulated LF = 0.1) ....................................................................................... 157 Figure C.4: Study of effect...

Dande, Himanshu Amol

2013-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

38

Figure and finish characterization of high performance metal mirrors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Most metal mirrors currently used in synchrotron radiation (SR) beam lines to reflect soft x-rays are made of electroless nickel plate on an aluminum substrate. This material combination has allowed optical designers to incorporate exotic cylindrical aspheres into grazing incidence x-ray beam-handling systems by taking advantage of single-point diamond machining techniques. But the promise of high-quality electroless nickel surfaces has generally exceeded the performance. We will examine the evolution of electroless nickel surfaces through a study of the quality of mirrors delivered for use at the National Synchrotron Light Source over the past seven years. We have developed techniques to assess surface quality based on the measurement of surface roughness and figure errors with optical profiling instruments. It is instructive to see how the quality of the surface is related to the complexity of the machine operations required to produce it.

Takacs, P.Z. [Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States); Church, E.L. [Army Armament Research and Development Command, Dover, NJ (United States)

1991-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

STAR (Solenoidal Tracker at RHIC) Figures and Data  

DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

The primary physics task of STAR is to study the formation and characteristics of the quark-gluon plasma (QGP), a state of matter believed to exist at sufficiently high energy densities. STAR consists of several types of detectors, each specializing in detecting certain types of particles or characterizing their motion. These detectors work together in an advanced data acquisition and subsequent physics analysis that allows final statements to be made about the collision. The STAR Publications page provides access to all published papers by the STAR Collaboration, and many of them have separate links to the figures and data found in or supporting the paper. See also the data-rich summaries of the research at http://www.star.bnl.gov/central/physics/results/. [See also DDE00230

The STAR Collaboration

40

BRAHMS (Broad Range Hadron Magnetic Spectrometer) Figures and Data Archive  

DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

The BRAHMS experiment was designed to measure charged hadrons over a wide range of rapidity and transverse momentum to study the reaction mechanisms of the relativistic heavy ion reactions at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider at Brookhaven National Laboratory and the properties of the highly excited nuclear matter formed in these reactions. The experiment took its first data during the RHIC 2000 year run and completed data taking in June 2006. The BRAHMS archive makes publications available and also makes data and figures from those publications available as separate items. See also the complete list of publications, multimedia presentations, and related papers at http://www4.rcf.bnl.gov/brahms/WWW/publications.html

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mfw estimates figures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Figure 6. Projected Production for the Low Development Rate of...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Low Development Rate of Technically Recoverable Oil Estimated at 5 Percent, Mean, and 95 Percent Probabilities for the ANWR Coastal Plain of the Alaska North Slope fig6.jpg (41132...

42

Figure 7. Projected Production for the High Development Rate...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

Rate of Technically Recoverable Oil Estimated at 5 Percent, Mean, and 95 Percent Probabilities for the ANWR Coastal Plain of the Alaska North Slope fig7.jpg (43335 bytes) Source...

43

figures for inverse problem paper in 3d - Department of Mathematics ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FIGURES FOR INVERSE PROBLEM PAPER IN 3D. JUAN E. SANTOS. Departamento de Geof sica Aplicada, Facultad de Ciencias Astron omicas y Geof sicas,.

santos

1910-20-20T23:59:59.000Z

44

Estimate the fraction of the total transported energy (in the form of gasoline) in the Trans-Alaska Pipeline that is consumed in pumping.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Estimate the fraction of the total transported energy (in the form of gasoline) in the Trans m). So we can toss this out. Now estimate the energy content of gasoline: Many of you tried figuring

Nimmo, Francis

45

Estimating the Bias of Local Polynomial Approximations Using the Peano Kernel  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

These presentation visuals define local polynomial approximations, give formulas for bias and random components of the error, and express bias error in terms of the Peano kernel. They further derive constants that give figures of merit, and show the figures of merit for 3 common weighting functions. The Peano kernel theorem yields estimates for the bias error for local-polynomial-approximation smoothing that are superior in several ways to the error estimates in the current literature.

Blair, J., and Machorro, E.

2012-03-22T23:59:59.000Z

46

Crop acreage estimators based on satellite imagery  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

acreages have been pooled during the creation of the two data sets. Each data set refers to a particular part of the state of Texas. The two regions are shown in Figure 1. The partitioning is made according to crop reporting districts (CRD), which... studies are reported: (1) a comparison of sample behavior with theoretical asymptotic behavior, (2) an evaluation using CAMS data and fixed size sampling units of the improvement of the estimators under the new decision process over the old multinomial...

Vidart, Stephane

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Thermal Conductivity Reduction and Thermoelectric Figure of Merit Increase by Embedding Nanoparticles in Crystalline Semiconductors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on the thermoelectric figure of merit (ZT) of a material defined as ZT S2 T=k, where S, , k, and T are the Seebeck by nanostructuring thermoelectric materials, and the key reason for increase in ZT was the reduction of thermalThermal Conductivity Reduction and Thermoelectric Figure of Merit Increase by Embedding

48

Foreign Fishery Developments Figure I.-The People's Republic of China.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Foreign Fishery Developments Figure I.-The People's Republic of China. Figure 2.-China's total 1983 harvest. China's fisheries catch increased sig- nificantly after its fishery development policy and freshwater aquaculture. China hopes to realize the full potential of its fisheries by continuing to implement

49

23 Figure 3.1: Color transition from purple/maroon argillites into bright red  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

;#12;#12;#12;#12;#12;#12;#12;#12;23 Figure 3.1: Color transition from purple/maroon argillites into bright red argillites. This transition weathering, possibly sideritic layer in the lower part of the picture. The fine grained overlying red Island Section, lower maroon and purple part in red unit (level: 9 meter; Figure 3.3); south shore Gull

Kidd, William S. F.

50

Technology Transfer award funding data* Figure 1. Current Technology Transfer awards  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

6 1 4 3 48 23 30 10 Technology Transfer award funding data* Figure 1. Current Technology Transfer awards Numbers represent active grants as at 1 October 2013 Figure 2. Technology Transfer award Transfer funding division. In the 2012/13 financial year Technology Transfer approved awards worth a total

Rambaut, Andrew

51

Analysis of power estimation techniques in CDMA systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) is the estimator of i-th user's j-t. h paralneter Zl, (j). Figures 1I ? 14 show the performance of the three t, echniques for SNR=--10, 0, 10 anrl 20dB with different number of users. For I, he EM algorithm, thc initial values are zeros and the number...

Pei, Ying

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Brush Busters: How to Estimate Costs for Controlling Small Mesquite  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

rapidly as plant size increases. ? Costs can escalate rapidly if you apply leaf or stem sprays using excessive pressure or nozzles with large orifices. ? Labor is usually a major component of total cost with Brush Busters methods. Costs escalate rapidly... and Figure 2 estimates costs for the stem spray method). Each figure consists of three graphs. The upper graph shows the cost for the spray only. The center graph shows total cost for spray plus labor at $6 per hour. The bottom graph shows total cost...

Ueckert, Darrell; McGinty, Allan

1999-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

53

Graffiti (Figural)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2004 Middle Egyptian Quarries Project: 2004 field season.flat space available. In quarries and in way-stops onwith further study is the quarry of Abdel Qurna just north

Cruz-Uribe, Eugene

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Graffiti (Figural)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

rock inscriptions 1 - 45 and Wadi el-Hl rock inscriptionsVI: Die Felsinschriften des Wadi Hill. Brussels: Brepols.

Cruz-Uribe, Eugene

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Figure 2  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ < RAPID Jump to:SeadovCooperativeA2.Reformulated,826 detailed data The7"Liquids

56

Figure 3  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ < RAPID Jump to:SeadovCooperativeA2.Reformulated,826 detailed data

57

Figure 4  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ < RAPID Jump to:SeadovCooperativeA2.Reformulated,826 detailed data4.703,3128.624,31006

58

Figure 5  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ < RAPID Jump to:SeadovCooperativeA2.Reformulated,826 detailed data4.703,3128.624,31006554,904,209434

59

Figure 6  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ < RAPID Jump to:SeadovCooperativeA2.Reformulated,826 detailed data4.703,3128.624,31006554,904,2094344.6

60

Facts, Figures  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsruc DocumentationP-Series toESnet4:Epitaxial ThinFOR IMMEDIATE5FacilitiesFacilityAbout » Facts,

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mfw estimates figures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Local Estimation of Modeling Error in Multi-Scale Modeling of Heterogeneous Elastic Solids  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Global Enhancement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 3.3.3 The Adaptive Process . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Chapter 4. Modeling Error Estimation 30 4.1 Residual-Based Error Estimation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 4.2 Error... with effectivity indices . 80 ix 5.18 Average estimates of enhancement errors in quantity of interest Qx(u) using three enhancements with effectivity indices . . . . 80 x List of Figures 1.1 Examples of composite failure modes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 2...

Moody, Tristan

2008-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

62

* All figures are in color on the Coastal Sediments Proceedings DVD. NONUNIFORM SEDIMENT TRANSPORT MODELING AT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1783 * All figures are in color on the Coastal Sediments Proceedings DVD. NONUNIFORM SEDIMENT@ncche.olemiss.edu. Abstract: A depth-averaged two-dimensionalnonuniform sediment transport model is applied to the beaches. The sediment transport, bed change and sorting equations are solved simultaneously and implicitly at the same

US Army Corps of Engineers

63

3-19 Urban Design Figure 3-9 Aerial View E Looking West  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

View F Looking North West #12;3-21 Urban Design Figure 3-11 Skyline and Massachusetts Avenue Gateway to careful site planning and transportation demand management. As the area has become more densely developed employed by TranSComm whose primary responsibilities include identifying and responding to transportation

Mohanty, Raj

64

IN PRINT (Feb. 2012): Am J Psych Word length: 3,983 Tables: 2, Figures: 4  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in individuals with autism as early as two years of age. Studies using head circumference suggest that brainIN PRINT (Feb. 2012): Am J Psych Word length: 3,983 Tables: 2, Figures: 4 Brain Volume Findings Neurological Institute, McGill University *IBIS Network: The IBIS (Infant Brain Imaging Study) Network

Utah, University of

65

Enhancement of thermoelectric figure-of-merit by resonant states of aluminium doping in lead selenide  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

By adding aluminium (Al) into lead selenide (PbSe), we successfully prepared n-type PbSe thermoelectric materials with a figure-of-merit (ZT) of 1.3 at 850 K. Such a high ZT is achieved by a combination of high Seebeck ...

Zhang, Qinyong

66

Figure 1. Elevation View of TPX Core including IR TV locations and view of plasma  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

stabilizer plates PPPL-3130 - Preprint Date: August 1995 TPX Diagnostics for Tokamak Operation, Plasma. First plasma is scheduled for mid-2001. Diagnostics are required for real time plasma control, physicsFigure 1. Elevation View of TPX Core including IR TV locations and view of plasma through

67

Figure 1: ATA 42 antenna array at Hat Creek ********ADAPTIVE REAL TIME IMAGING FOR RADIO ASTRONOMY*******  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Figure 1: ATA 42 antenna array at Hat Creek ********ADAPTIVE REAL TIME IMAGING FOR RADIO ASTRONOMY --------------------------­ · Astronomers primarily interested in astronomy. ­ Data reduction preoccupies radio astronomy specialists,f,p Bandpass( )f PolCal( )f,p Gains( )s,f,p S Beam Imager Astronomy Solver I2 ( ) )^(^, 2sVpfV - å ¹kj X Solver

Militzer, Burkhard

68

Figure 1: Sample COLLATE documents Automatic Annotation of Historical Paper Documents  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

devoted to the management of such annotated documents. The challenge comes from the low layout qualityFigure 1: Sample COLLATE documents Automatic Annotation of Historical Paper Documents S. Ferilli, L classification and labelling of documents. Furthermore, we also discuss the advantages obtained by exploiting

Di Mauro, Nicola

69

The figure shows the current energy pay back time for PV  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Senior researcher at Utrecht University, The Netherlands "We found that today's PV systems have an energy statement is: "The energy balance of solar PV is clearly positive today and will further improveThe figure shows the current energy pay back time for PV systems using different cell technologies

70

Figure 1. Bipartite network showing how candidate SNPs co-occur across Colombian  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Figure 1. Bipartite network showing how candidate SNPs co-occur across Colombian patients with one Study of Chronic Metabolic Diseases in Colombians Maria A. Caro MSc1,2 , Bryant Dang BS1 , Gabriel, are associated with key demographic and clinical variables in Colombians with metabolic disease. The results

Bhavnani, Suresh K.

71

NANOTECHNOLOGY 4 NOVEMBER 2004 Figure 1. A `quasi-optical' electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NANOTECHNOLOGY 4 NOVEMBER 2004 Figure 1. A `quasi-optical' electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectrometer. EPR: Progress towards spin-based quantum computing Electron- and/or nuclear-spin-based quantum-dependent recombination (SDR)1-4 is an electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) technique that is potentially useful in spin

Demirel, Melik C.

72

Keywords: Photovoltaic System, fault-tolerance, recon-figurable PV panel  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

plants, and satellites. The output power of a PV cell (also called solar cell) is dependent on the solar: naehyuck@elpl.snu.ac.kr). output power of a PV cell increases as solar irradiance increases and temperature irradiance level and temperature. Figure 1 shows PV cell output current-voltage and power

Pedram, Massoud

73

11th International Symposium on Unmanned Untethered Submersible Technology August 1999 Figure 1 SAUV Engineering Prototype  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

broken down into three distinct concerns:the effects of biofouling on the power output of the solar 100 BiofoulAreaCoverage(%) SolarPanelPowerOutput(%) 0 10 20 30 40 Time in Days Solar Panel Worst Case power out Figure 2: Solar Panel Bio-fouled Area and Power Output versus Time -30 -20 -10 0 10 20 30 Perc

74

Science Highlight October 2010 Figure 1. Schematic process for the fabrication  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the past, there is still a need for a low-cost, large-area compatible technology for the productionScience Highlight ­ October 2010 Figure 1. Schematic process for the fabrication of micro. While promising routes towards stretchable matrix- type substrates[1] and electrodes[2] were developed

Wechsler, Risa H.

75

Figure 1. Schematic of initial air pump design Design of Air Pump System Using Bond Graph  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, is presented in Figure 1. It is a vibratory pump in which an electromagnetic circuit drives a small permanent magnet attached to a pivoted lever that, in turn, drives a rubber bellows pump. The bellows pump has of the cascaded arrangement of three coupled subsystems: the electromagnetic actuator, the lever, and the air

Fernandez, Thomas

76

Figure 1: Multiplex logarithmic microfluidic perfusion array for probing shear stress effects on stem cells. (A)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Figure 1: Multiplex logarithmic microfluidic perfusion array for probing shear stress effects on stem cells. (A) Microfluidic perfusion systems exhibit more defined shear stress profiles and consume. (B) A 1x6 multiplex logarithmic microfluidic array for simultaneous application of shear stress

Voldman, Joel

77

High figure-of-merit nematic mixtures based on totally unsaturated isothiocyanate liquid crystals  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. 1. Introduction The continuous demand for faster electro-optic response times is the driving force of figure-of-merit were observed at room temperature for the formulated nematic mixtures. Potential phased arrays (OPAs) for laser communications, require faster response times. In order to achieve a fast

Wu, Shin-Tson

78

Figure 1. Recurrent modular network architecture Recurrent modular network architecture for sea ice  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Figure 1. Recurrent modular network architecture Recurrent modular network architecture for sea ice classification in the Marginal Ice Zone using ERS SAR images Andrey V. Bogdanov1a , Marc Toussaint1b , Stein of SAR images of sea ice. Additionally to the local image information the algorithm uses spatial context

Toussaint, Marc

79

Waste Incineration in China page 1 Figure 1: Visit to MWI in Harbin  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of hard coal is also wide-spread. The flue gas cleaning is done using dry or semi dry systemsWaste Incineration in China page 1 Figure 1: Visit to MWI in Harbin Waste Incineration in China Balz Solenthaler, Rainer Bunge Summary China currently operates 19 municipal waste incinerators (MWI

Columbia University

80

Supplemental Figures Supplemental Figure1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) induced a gradual change in firing patterns, eventually leading to self-sustained tonic discharges (the

Fujisawa, Shigeyoshi

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mfw estimates figures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

JOURNAL OF LIGHTWAVE TECHNOLOGY, VOL. 31, NO. 19, OCTOBER 1, 2013 3181 Noise Figure in Near-Infrared Amorphous and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

JOURNAL OF LIGHTWAVE TECHNOLOGY, VOL. 31, NO. 19, OCTOBER 1, 2013 3181 Noise Figure in Near-Infrared, Senior Member, IEEE Abstract--The noise figures (NF) of near-infrared (near-IR) amorphous silicon (a Amorphous and Mid-Infrared Crystalline Silicon Optical Parametric Amplifiers Jichi Ma and Sasan Fathpour

Fathpour, Sasan

82

What Global Warming Looks Like The July 2010 global map of surface temperature anomalies (Figure 1), relative to the average  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

What Global Warming Looks Like The July 2010 global map of surface temperature anomalies (Figure 1 anomalies an example of what we can expect global warming to look like? Maps of temperature anomalies, such as Figure 1, are useful for helping people understand the role of global warming in extreme events

83

Figure 2: The mercury jet target geometry. The proton beam and mercury jet cross at z=-37.5 cm.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Figure 2: The mercury jet target geometry. The proton beam and mercury jet cross at z=-37.5 cm. Figure 3: The layout of multiple proton beam entry directions relative to mercury jet at z=-75 cm. A PION of a free liquid mercury jet with an intense proton beam. We study the variation of meson production

McDonald, Kirk

84

Facts and Figures January 2007 INCOME AND EXPENDITURE (Excluding Press, CA & Trusts) 2005-06  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Facts and Figures January 2007 INCOME AND EXPENDITURE (Excluding Press, CA & Trusts) 2005-06 2004,928 Breakdown of Research Grant Income 2005-06 £'000 % £'000 Total staff 8602 8570 8,623 Research Councils 89,095 Total 203,886 188,711 Total respondents 2,890 100.0% 3,227 100.0 Breakdown of HEFCE/TDA Income 2005-06

Travis, Adrian

85

Giraffidae from the middle Miocene hominoid locality of andir (Turkey). 1 figure, 2 plates  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Giraffidae from the middle Miocene hominoid locality of ?andir (Turkey). 1 figure, 2 plates Denis@ivry.cnrs.fr ** MTA Genel Müdürlügü, Jeoloji Etüdleri Dairesi, 06520 ANKARA, TURKEY Abstract.- The site of ?andir has this area and the Siwaliks raises some interesting phylogenetic problems. Key-words.- Middle Miocene, Turkey

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

86

Figure 2. Stratigraphic Summary of Ages, Names and Rock Types in the ANWR  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia,(Million Barrels) Crude Oil Reserves in Nonproducing Reservoirs U.S.WyomingExpansion 5 Figure 2. Natural gas supply

87

Cost Estimation Package  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

This chapter focuses on the components (or elements) of the cost estimation package and their documentation.

1997-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

88

Arterial Travel Time Estimation Based On Vehicle Re-Identification Using Wireless Magnetic Sensors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Geroliminis (2005) develop a generally applicable kinematic wave model to construct a link travel time calculated queue at the intersection, and using the kinematic wave model (with known or estimated congestion wave speed and jam density), it is straightforward to figure out the delay faced by each of the n

Varaiya, Pravin

89

Intern report ; IR 2008-01 Site speci c hazard estimates  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Intern report ; IR 2008-01 Site speci c hazard estimates for the LNG energy plant in the Europoort for the LNG energy plant in the Europoort area T. van Eck, F.H. Goutbeek, B. Dost De Bilt, February 2008 #12 differ significantly. Figure 1. Situation overview. The site of the LNG plant situated in the center

Stoffelen, Ad

90

Check Estimates and Independent Costs  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

Check estimates and independent cost estimates (ICEs) are tools that can be used to validate a cost estimate. Estimate validation entails an objective review of the estimate to ensure that estimate criteria and requirements have been met and well documented, defensible estimate has been developed. This chapter describes check estimates and their procedures and various types of independent cost estimates.

1997-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

91

Nuclear Detection Figure Of Merit (NDFOM) Version 1.2 User's Guide  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

NDFOM is a detector database and detector evaluation system, accessible as a web service. It runs on the same server as the Patriot service, but uses port 8081. In this user's guide, we will use the example case that the patriot service is running on http://patriot.lanl.gov. Then the NDFOM service would be accessible at the URL http://patriot.lanl.gov:8081/ndfom. In addition to local server installations, common server locations are 1) a patriot server running on a virtual machine (use the virtual machine URL with :8081/ndfom), and 2) a patriot server running on a local machine (use http://localhost:8081/ndfom or http://127.0.0.1:8081/ndfom). The home screen provides panels to select detectors, a scenario, and a figure-of-merit. It also has an 'analyze' button, which will evaluate the selected figure-of-merit for the selected detectors, for the scenario selected by the user. The detector effectiveness evaluations are presented through the browser in a ranked list of detectors. The user does not need to log in to perform analysis with pre-supplied detectors, scenarios, and FOMs. The homepage view is shown in Figure 1. The first panel displays a list of the detectors in the current detector database. The user can select one, some, or all detectors to evaluate. On the right of each listed detector, there is a star icon. Clicking that icon will open a panel that displays the details about that detector, such as detector material, dimensions, thresholds, etc. The center panel displays the pre-supplied scenarios that are in the database. A scenario specifies the source of interest, the spectrum of the radiation, the background radiation spectrum, the distance or distance of closest approach, the allowable false positive rate, and the dwell time or speed. Scenario details can be obtained by clicking the star to the right of a scenario. A scenario can be selected by clicking it.

Stroud, Phillip D [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Dufresne, Thomas A. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-08-27T23:59:59.000Z

92

Figure 2. Natural gas supply and disposition in the United States, 2013  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia,(Million Barrels) Crude Oil Reserves in Nonproducing Reservoirs U.S.WyomingExpansion 5 Figure 2. Natural gas supply and

93

Figure 6. PCs and Terminals per Million Square Feet, 1992 and 1995  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelines About U.S.30Natural Gas Glossary529 633 6221,2372003ofDec. 31 705PC's and5 PC'sFigure

94

Figure ES2. Annual Indices of Real Disposable Income, Vehicle-Miles  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelines About U.S.30Natural Gas Glossary529 633 6221,2372003ofDec. 31 705PC'sFigure

95

Figure ES3. Sales-Weighted Horsepower and On-Road Fuel Mileage for New  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelines About U.S.30Natural Gas Glossary529 633 6221,2372003ofDec. 31 705PC'sFigureLight-Duty

96

Figure ES5. Actual Annual Energy Growth - All Effects Are Included  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelines About U.S.30Natural Gas Glossary529 633 6221,2372003ofDec. 31ES5 Figure ES5. Actual

97

Figure ES7. Adjusted Annual Energy Growth - No Fuel Economy Effects  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelines About U.S.30Natural Gas Glossary529 633 6221,2372003ofDec. 31ES5 Figure ES5.ES7

98

Figure 4 | OSTI, US Dept of Energy, Office of Scientific and Technical  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsing ZirconiaPolicyFeasibilityField Office Programs forDecember 5 Figure 2.

99

Figure 5 | OSTI, US Dept of Energy, Office of Scientific and Technical  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsing ZirconiaPolicyFeasibilityField Office Programs forDecember 5 Figure

100

Figure 6 Bottom | OSTI, US Dept of Energy, Office of Scientific and  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsing ZirconiaPolicyFeasibilityField Office Programs forDecember 5 FigureTechnical

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mfw estimates figures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

About the Work of Art In the 1940s, Christian Petersen sculpted a plaster figure of George Washington Carver. He  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

About the Work of Art In the 1940s, Christian Petersen sculpted a plaster figure of George this sculpture in bronze as he originally intended, so he painted the work of art to resemble bronze. The plaster

Mayfield, John

102

Types of Cost Estimates  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

The chapter describes the estimates required on government-managed projects for both general construction and environmental management.

1997-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

103

Systems Engineering Cost Estimation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on project, human capital impact. 7 How to estimate Cost? Difficult to know what we are building early on1 Systems Engineering Lecture 3 Cost Estimation Dr. Joanna Bryson Dr. Leon Watts University of Bath: Contrast approaches for estimating software project cost, and identify the main sources of cost

Bryson, Joanna J.

104

High figure-of-merit ultrathin metal transparent electrodes incorporating a conductive grid  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

It is known that ultrathin (<10 nm) metal films (UTMFs) can achieve high level of optical transparency at the expense of the electrical sheet resistance. In this letter, we propose a design, the incorporation of an ad hoc conductive grid, which can significantly reduce the sheet resistance of UTMF based transparent electrodes, leaving practically unchanged their transparency. The calculated highest figure-of-merit corresponds to a filling factor and a grid spacing-to-linewidth ratio of 0.025 and 39, respectively. To demonstrate the capability of the proposed method the sheet resistance of a continuous 2 nm Ni film (>950 OMEGA/square) is reduced to approx6.5 OMEGA/square when a 100 nm thick Cu grid is deposited on it. The transparency is instead maintained at values exceeding 75%. These results, which can be further improved by making thicker grids, already demonstrate the potential in applications, such as photovoltaic cells, optical detectors and displays.

Ghosh, D. S.; Chen, T. L. [ICFO-Institut de Ciencies Fotoniques, Mediterranean Technology Park, Castelldefels, Barcelona, 08860 Catalunya (Spain); Pruneri, V. [ICFO-Institut de Ciencies Fotoniques, Mediterranean Technology Park, Castelldefels, Barcelona, 08860 Catalunya (Spain); ICREA-Institucio Catalana de Recerca i Estudis Avancats, 08010 Barcelona (Spain)

2010-01-25T23:59:59.000Z

105

Method and system for optical figuring by imagewise heating of a solvent  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method and system of imagewise etching the surface of a substrate, such as thin glass, in a parallel process. The substrate surface is placed in contact with an etchant solution which increases in etch rate with temperature. A local thermal gradient is then generated in each of a plurality of selected local regions of a boundary layer of the etchant solution to imagewise etch the substrate surface in a parallel process. In one embodiment, the local thermal gradient is a local heating gradient produced at selected addresses chosen from an indexed array of addresses. The activation of each of the selected addresses is independently controlled by a computer processor so as to imagewise etch the substrate surface at region-specific etch rates. Moreover, etching progress is preferably concurrently monitored in real time over the entire surface area by an interferometer so as to deterministically control the computer processor to image-wise figure the substrate surface where needed.

Rushford, Michael C.

2005-08-30T23:59:59.000Z

106

PHENIX (Pioneering High Energy Nuclear Interaction eXperiment): Data Tables and Figures from Published Papers  

DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

The PHENIX Experiment is the largest of the four experiments currently taking data at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider. PHENIX, the Pioneering High Energy Nuclear Interaction eXperiment, is an exploratory experiment for the investigation of high energy collisions of heavy ions and protons. PHENIX is designed specifically to measure direct probes of the collisions such as electrons, muons, and photons. The primary goal of PHENIX is to discover and study a new state of matter called the Quark-Gluon Plasma. More than 60 published papers and preprints are listed here with links to the full text and separate links to the supporting PHENIX data in plain text tables and to EPS and GIF figures from the papers.

107

Gamma and neutron detection modeling in the nuclear detection figure of merit (NDFOM) portal  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Nuclear Detection Figure Of Merit (NDFOM) portal is a database of objects and algorithms for evaluating the performance of radiation detectors to detect nuclear material. This paper describes the algorithms used to model the physics and mathematics of radiation detection. As a first-principles end-to-end analysis system, it starts with the representation of the gamma and neutron spectral fluxes, which are computed with the particle and radiation transport code MCNPX. The gamma spectra emitted by uranium, plutonium, and several other materials of interest are described. The impact of shielding and other intervening material is computed by the method of build-up factors. The interaction of radiation with the detector material is computed by a detector response function approach. The construction of detector response function matrices based on MCNPX simulation runs is described in detail. Neutron fluxes are represented in a three group formulation to treat differences in detector sensitivities to thermal, epithermal, and fast neutrons.

Stroud, Phillip D [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Saeger, Kevin J [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Thermoelectric figure of merit of Ag{sub 2}Se with Ag and Se excess  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In the temperature range of 100-300 K, the electric ({sigma}) and thermoelectric ({alpha}{sub 0}) properties of Ag{sub 2}Se with an excess of Ag as high as {approx}0.1 at. % and Se as high as {approx}1.0 at. %, respectively, are investigated. From the data on {sigma}, {alpha}{sub 0}, and {chi}{sub tot} (thermal conductivities), the thermoelectric power {alpha}{sub 0}{sup 2}{sigma} and the figure of merit Z are calculated. It is found that {alpha}{sub 0}{sup 2}{sigma} and Z attain the peak values at room temperature and the electron concentration n {approx} 6.5 x 10{sup 18} cm{sup -3}.

Aliev, F. F., E-mail: farzali@physics.ab.az; Jafarov, M. B.; Eminova, V. I. [Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences, Institute of Physics (Azerbaijan)

2009-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

109

Estimating Specialty Costs  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

Specialty costs are those nonstandard, unusual costs that are not typically estimated. Costs for research and development (R&D) projects involving new technologies, costs associated with future regulations, and specialty equipment costs are examples of specialty costs. This chapter discusses those factors that are significant contributors to project specialty costs and methods of estimating costs for specialty projects.

1997-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

110

Cooling load estimation methods  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Ongoing research on quantifying the cooling loads in residential buildings, particularly buildings with passive solar heating systems, is described. Correlations are described that permit auxiliary cooling estimates from monthly average insolation and weather data. The objective of the research is to develop a simple analysis method, useful early in design, to estimate the annual cooling energy required of a given building.

McFarland, R.D.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Enhancement in figure-of-merit with superlattices structures for thin-film thermoelectric devices  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Thin-film superlattice (SL) structures in thermoelectric materials are shown to be a promising approach to obtaining an enhanced figure-of-merit, ZT, compared to conventional, state-of-the-art bulk alloyed materials. In this paper the authors describe experimental results on Bi{sub 2}Te{sub 3}/Sb{sub 2}Te{sub 3} and Si/Ge SL structures, relevant to thermoelectric cooling and power conversion, respectively. The short-period Bi{sub 2}Te{sub 3} and Si/Ge SL structures appear to indicate reduced thermal conductivities compared to alloys of these materials. From the observed behavior of thermal conductivity values in the Bi{sub 2}Te{sub 3}/Sb{sub 2}Te{sub 3} SL structures, a distinction is made where certain types of periodic structures may correspond to an ordered alloy rather than an SL, and therefore, do not offer a significant reduction in thermal conductivity values. The study also indicates that SL structures, with little or weak quantum-confinement, also offer an improvement in thermoelectric power factor over conventional alloys. They present power factor and electrical transport data in the plane of the SL interfaces to provide preliminary support for the arguments on reduced alloy scattering and impurity scattering in Bi{sub 2}Te{sub 3}/Sb{sub 2}Te{sub 3} and Si/Ge SL structures. These results, though tentative due to the possible role of the substrate and the developmental nature of the 3-{omega} method used to determine thermal conductivity values, suggest that the short-period SL structures potentially offer factorial improvements in the three-dimensional figure-of-merit (ZT3D) compared to current state-of-the-art bulk alloys. An approach to a thin-film thermoelectric device called a Bipolarity-Assembled, Series-Inter-Connected Thin-Film Thermoelectric Device (BASIC-TFTD) is introduced to take advantage of these thin-film SL structures.

Venkatasubramanian, R.; Colpitts, T.

1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Electrical properties and figures of merit for new chalcogenide-based thermoelectric materials  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

New Bi-based chalcogenide compounds have been prepared using the polychalcogenide flux technique for crystal growth. These materials exhibit characteristics of good thermoelectric materials. Single crystals of the compound CsBi{sub 4}Te{sub 6} have shown conductivity as high as 2440 S/cm with a p-type thermoelectric power of {approx}+110 {micro}V/K at room temperature. A second compound, {beta}-K{sub 2}Bi{sub 8}Se{sub 13} shows lower conductivity {approx}240 S/cm, but a larger n-type thermopower {approx}{minus}200 {micro}V/K. Thermal transport measurements have been performed on hot-pressed pellets of these materials and the results show comparable or lower thermal conductivities than Bi{sub 2}Te{sub 3}. This improvement may reflect the reduced lattice symmetry of the new chalcogenide thermoelectrics. The thermoelectric figure of merit for CsBi{sub 4}Te{sub 6} reaches ZT {approx} 0.32 at 260 K and for {beta}-K{sub 2}Bi{sub 8}Se{sub 13} ZT {approx} 0.32 at room temperature, indicating that these compounds are viable candidates for thermoelectric refrigeration applications.

Schindler, J.L.; Hogan, T.P.; Brazis, P.W.; Kannewurf, C.R.; Chung, D.Y.; Kanatzidis, M.G.

1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Multiple-Filled Skutterudites: High Thermoelectric Figure of Merit through Separately Optimizing Electrical and Thermal Transports  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Skutterudites CoSb{sub 3} with multiple cofillers Ba, La, and Yb were synthesized and very high thermoelectric figure of merit ZT = 1.7 at 850 K was realized. X-ray diffraction of the densified multiple-filled bulk samples reveals all samples are phase pure. High-resolution scanning transmission electron microscopy (STEM) and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS) analysis confirm that multiple guest fillers occupy the nanoscale-cages in the skutterudites. The fillers are further shown to be uniformly distributed and the Co-Sb skutterudite framework is virtually unperturbed from atomic scale to a few micrometers. Our results firmly show that high power factors can be realized by adjusting the total filling fraction of fillers with different charge states to reach the optimum carrier density, at the same time, lattice thermal conductivity can also be significantly reduced, to values near the glass limit of these materials, through combining filler species of different rattling frequencies to achieve broad-frequency phonon scattering. Therefore, partially filled skutterudites with multiple fillers of different chemical nature render unique structural characteristics for optimizing electrical and thermal transports in a relatively independent way, leading to continually enhanced ZT values from single- to double-, and finally to multiple-filled skutterudites. The idea of combining multiple fillers with different charge states and rattling frequencies for performance optimization is also expected to be valid for other caged TE compounds.

Zhang, Weiqing [Chinese Academy of Sciences; Yang, Jiong [Chinese Academy of Sciences; Yang, Jihui [General Motors Corporation; Wang, Hsin [ORNL; Salvador, James R. [GM R& D and Planning, Warren, Michigan; Shi, Xun [General Motors Corporation-R& D; Chi, Miaofang [ORNL; Cho, Jung Y [GM R& D and Planning, Warren, Michigan; Bai, Shengqiang [Chinese Academy of Sciences; Chen, Lidong [Chinese Academy of Sciences

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

Enhanced thermoelectric figure of merit in edge-disordered zigzag graphene nanoribbons H. Sevinli* and G. Cuniberti  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

qualify zigzag graphene nanoribbons as a very promising material for thermoelectric applications. DOI: 10Enhanced thermoelectric figure of merit in edge-disordered zigzag graphene nanoribbons H. Sevinçli* and G. Cuniberti Institute for Materials Science and Max Bergmann Center of Biomaterials, Dresden

Cuniberti, Gianaurelio

115

Figure 7.1: Opticalmicrograpli for SPC'imcn aust nitiscd at 1060 for 2 liours at 700C.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Figure 7.1: Opticalmicrograpli for SPC'imcn aust nitiscd at 1060° for 2 liours at 700°C. 166 15mins) and in thC' SPC'CilllC'1IisothNmally hl'at Irl'atN) for 117:1 hours at 700°C h) which r('pr('s('nt c

Cambridge, University of

116

Figure 1. HomeWindow showing the energy usage of several monitors, displays, and computers with colored  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Figure 1. HomeWindow showing the energy usage of several monitors, displays, and computers with colored auras. Red is high usage while green is low usage. HomeWindow: An Augmented Reality Domestic that reflects its current and historical energy use. Categories and Subject Descriptors H.5.2 [Information

Greenberg, Saul

117

Figure 1. Block diagram of the turbo decoder. A Memory-Reduced Log-MAP Kernel for Turbo Decoder  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Figure 1. Block diagram of the turbo decoder. A Memory-Reduced Log-MAP Kernel for Turbo Decoder--Generally, the Log-MAP kernel of the turbo decoding consume large memories in hardware implement- tation of the turbo decoder is implemented to verify the proposed memory-reduced Log- MAP kernel in 3.04?3.04mm2 core

Hung, Shih-Hao

118

Figure 1. Schematic drawing showing the components of a Li-ion battery cell and the information that can be  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Figure 1. Schematic drawing showing the components of a Li-ion battery cell and the information Proposals In Situ Electron Microscopy and Spectroscopy Studies of Interfaces in Advanced Li-ion Batteries) such as Li-ion batteries are complex multi- component systems that incorporate widely dissimilar phases

119

Figure 2. Urban lawns have ~ 2x the microbial biomass of native and/or cultivated areas. Viable microbial biomass  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Figure 2. Urban lawns have ~ 2x the microbial biomass of native and/or cultivated areas. Viable and fertilized Corn: flood irrigated and fertilized Wheat-Fallow: a dryland winter wheat cropping system C and N mineralization rates (data not shown) than other ecosystems, suggesting that energy

Hall, Sharon J.

120

Fluid Systems For the system in Figure 1.1, the pipe is circular and has length L and diameter d. The fluid  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fluid Systems QUESTION 1 For the system in Figure 1.1, the pipe is circular and has length L the system dynamics. A1 pa pa A2 pa k2, 2 k3, 3 k1, 1 wi(t) pipe Figure 1.1 #12;Fluid Systems 2 QUESTION 2 For the system in Figure 2.1, the pipe has length L and area Ap. Half way along the pipe is a flexible container

Landers, Robert G.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mfw estimates figures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

: Helmholtz machine estimation .  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: Helmholtz machine density estimation . . : . . . (supervised learning) , (active learning) (query learning) [1, 3]. . (unsupervised learning), . , [5]. . Helmholtz machine , . Helmholtz machine : Helmholtz machine [2] . Helmholtz machine (generative network) (recognition network) . , , . Helmholtz machine (self

122

Operated device estimation framework  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Protective device estimation is a challenging task because there are numerous protective devices present in a typical distribution system. Among various protective devices, auto-reclosers and fuses are the main overcurrent protection on distribution...

Rengarajan, Janarthanan

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

123

Estimation of food consumption  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The research reported in this document was conducted as a part of the Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction (HEDR) Project. The objective of the HEDR Project is to estimate the radiation doses that people could have received from operations at the Hanford Site. Information required to estimate these doses includes estimates of the amounts of potentially contaminated foods that individuals in the region consumed during the study period. In that general framework, the objective of the Food Consumption Task was to develop a capability to provide information about the parameters of the distribution(s) of daily food consumption for representative groups in the population for selected years during the study period. This report describes the methods and data used to estimate food consumption and presents the results developed for Phase I of the HEDR Project.

Callaway, J.M. Jr.

1992-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Cost Estimating Guide  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

This Guide provides uniform guidance and best practices that describe the methods and procedures that could be used in all programs and projects at DOE for preparing cost estimates. No cancellations.

2011-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

125

EXPLORATION Actual Estimate  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FY 2015 FY 2016 FY 2017 FY 2013 President's Budget Request 3,821.2 3,712.8 3,932.8 4,076.5 4,076.5 4 Estimate Budget Authority (in $ millions) FY 2011 FY 2012 FY 2013 FY 2014 FY 2015 FY 2016 FY 2017 FY 2013EXPLORATION EXP-1 Actual Estimate Budget Authority (in $ millions) FY 2011 FY 2012 FY 2013 FY 2014

126

Figure 2 Known and speculative Eocene-Oligocene paleovalleys of northern California and western Nevada. Lower portions of channels from Lindgren (1911) and Lawler (1995). Some central Nevada calderas shown.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dayton Kings Beach Reno Sparks Sun Valley Yerington Dutch Hill Mine Bean Hill Spanish Peak TaylorsLake FIGURE 8 FIGURE 7 FIGURE 6 Taylorsville N 0 10 20 0 10 20 miles 30 kilometers CALIFORNIA NEVADA LassenCounty SierraCounty Plumas County Figure 4 Map of known and speculative Eocene-Oligocene paleovalleys

Tingley, Joseph V.

127

Thickness estimation of subsurface layers in asphalt pavement using monstatic ground penetrating radar  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1991 Major Subject: Electrical Engineering THICKNESS ESTIMATION OF SUBSURFACE LAYERS IN ASPHALT PAVEMENT USING MONSTATIC GROUND PENETRATING RADAR A Thesis CHUN LOK LAU Approved as to style and content by... ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS. LIST OF FIGURES. . CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION. 1. 1 Importance of pavement profile data. 1. 2 Principle of Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR) . . . 1. 3 Subsurface layer thickness measurement method. . . . . . II GPR ANTENNA AND SYSTEM CALIBRATION...

Lau, Chun Lok

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Estimating the Bias of Local Polynomial Approximation Methods Using the Peano Kernel  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The determination of uncertainty of an estimate requires both the variance and the bias of the estimate. Calculating the variance of local polynomial approximation (LPA) estimates is straightforward. We present a method, using the Peano Kernel Theorem, to estimate the bias of LPA estimates and show how this can be used to optimize the LPA parameters in terms of the bias-variance tradeoff. Figures of merit are derived and values calculated for several common methods. The results in the literature are expanded by giving bias error bounds that are valid for all lengths of the smoothing interval, generalizing the currently available asymptotic results that are only valid in the limit as the length of this interval goes to zero.

Blair, J.; Machorro, E.; Luttman, A.

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

11.5 MATLAB Laboratory Experiment on Circuits Consider the electrical circuit presented in Figure 11.18. Assume that all resistors in the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

11.5 MATLAB Laboratory Experiment on Circuits Consider the electrical circuit presented in Figure analysis, form the matrices j and k and the vector of initial conditions. Use MATLAB to find the currents via MATLAB, using the electrical circuit given in Figure 11.19 and the corresponding formulas

Gajic, Zoran

130

1-6 Figure 1.3. View of the field area, looking south-southwest. Left side of the picture shows the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the large reservoir of highly valuable marble deposits. [Note: page reformatted from original; picture above Wallingford marble quarry. #12;2-10 Figure 2.4. Rock sample of Baker Brook Greenschist showing pervasive, Baker Brook Falls Th.16) #12;#12;#12;#12;#12;#12;#12;#12;2-18 Figure 2.7. Imperial Danby Quarry in Danby

Kidd, William S. F.

131

Figure 1. The dataset for the running example is excerpted at left, arranged in the typical manner for MVPA. The boxes at right introduce the dataset  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Figure 1. The dataset for the running example is excerpted at left, arranged in the typical manner for MVPA. The boxes at right introduce the dataset representation used in later figures. In these boxes the "dataset-wise" scheme, the examples are relabeled prior to conducting the cross- validation, while

132

Colored figures Franke & Gaser (2012): Longitudinal changes in individual BrainAGE in healthy aging, mild cognitive impairment, and Alzheimer's disease  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Colored figures Franke & Gaser (2012): Longitudinal changes in individual BrainAGE in healthy aging, mild cognitive impairment, and Alzheimer's disease Figure 1: Depiction of the BrainAGE concept. A: The model of healthy brain aging is trained with the chronological age and preprocessed structural MRI data

Gaser, Christian

133

MELE: Maximum Entropy Leuven Estimators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the Generalized Maximum Entropy Estimator of the Generaland Douglas Miller, Maximum Entropy Econometrics, Wiley andCalifornia Davis MELE: Maximum Entropy Leuven Estimators by

Paris, Quirino

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Supporting information Figure S1: Pump-rePump-Probe kinetics of peridinin in methanol. Peridinin was excited at  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Supporting information Figure S1: Pump-rePump-Probe kinetics of peridinin in methanol. Peridinin was excited at 400-nm, and then repumped, at a delay of 1 ps, by pulses of 620-nm. (A) Pump-Probe (blue), Pump-rePump. The inset zooms on the repump. (C): Pump-Probe (blue) and Pump-rePump-Probe (red) and (D) OD (black) spectra

van Stokkum, Ivo

135

Tsien_Supplementary Figure 1 ISO(min) 0 0 1.5 1.5 5 5  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Tsien_Supplementary Figure 1 ISO(min) 0 0 1.5 1.5 5 5 0 1000 2000 3000 4000 5000 Insulin 1000 1200 0.95 1.00 1.05 1.10 1.15 1.20 1.25 Normalizedemissionratio Time (sec) ISO control Insulin CREB phosphorylation. #12;-120 0 120 240 360 480 1.00 1.02 1.04 1.06 1.08 +Ht31p ISO

Tsien, Roger Y.

136

External Dose Estimates from  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

; - calculated separately for the most important radionuclides produced in nuclear weapons tests. Those would averages for all tests. 2. Provide a list of references regarding: (1) the history of nuclear weapons to the Population of the Continental U.S. from Nevada Weapons Tests and Estimates of Deposition Density

137

Radiation Dose Estimates from  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Summary: Radiation Dose Estimates from Hanford Radioactive Material Releases to the Air and the Columbia River April 21,1994 TheTechnid Steering Panel of the Hanford - Environmental Dose Reconstruction than 40years, the U.S. Government made plutonium for nuclear weapons at the Hanford

138

Multiple phase estimation in quantum cloning machines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Since the initial discovery of the Wootters-Zurek no-cloning theorem, a wide variety of quantum cloning machines have been proposed aiming at imperfect but optimal cloning of quantum states within its own context. Remarkably, most previous studies have employed the Bures fidelity or the Hilbert-Schmidt norm as the figure of merit to characterize the quality of the corresponding cloning scenarios. However, in many situations, what we truly care about is the relevant information about certain parameters encoded in quantum states. In this work, we investigate the multiple phase estimation problem in the framework of quantum cloning machines, from the perspective of quantum Fisher information matrix (QFIM). Focusing on the generalized d-dimensional equatorial states, we obtain the analytical formulas of QFIM for both universal quantum cloning machine (UQCM) and phase-covariant quantum cloning machine (PQCM), and prove that PQCM indeed performs better than UQCM in terms of QFIM. We highlight that our method can be generalized to arbitrary cloning schemes where the fidelity between the single-copy input and output states is input-state independent. Furthermore, the attainability of the quantum Cramer-Rao bound is also explicitly discussed.

Yao Yao; Li Ge; Xing Xiao; Xiao-guang Wang; Chang-pu Sun

2014-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

139

Use of Cost Estimating Relationships  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

Cost Estimating Relationships (CERs) are an important tool in an estimator's kit, and in many cases, they are the only tool. Thus, it is important to understand their limitations and characteristics. This chapter discusses considerations of which the estimator must be aware so the Cost Estimating Relationships can be properly used.

1997-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

140

Los Alamos PC estimating system  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Los Alamos Cost Estimating System (QUEST) is being converted to run on IBM personal computers. This very extensive estimating system is capable of supporting cost estimators from many different and varied fields. QUEST does not dictate any fixed method for estimating. QUEST supports many styles and levels of detail estimating. QUEST can be used with or without data bases. This system allows the estimator to provide reports based on levels of detail defined by combining work breakdown structures. QUEST provides a set of tools for doing any type of estimate without forcing the estimator to use any given method. The level of detail in the estimate can be mixed based on the amount of information known about different parts of the project. The system can support many different data bases simultaneously. Estimators can modify any cost in any data base.

Stutz, R.A.; Lemon, G.D.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mfw estimates figures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Estimation of tracer diffusion coefficients of ions in aqueous solution  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Equations are given for estimating tracer diffusion coefficients D/sub i//sup 0/ of ions at infinite dilution in terms of limiting ionic conductances ..lambda../sub i//sup 0/. Also given are generalized Nernst-Hartley equations for binary and multicomponent diffusion coefficients D/sup 0/ and D/sub ij//sup 0/, respectively, at infinite dilution. Data, estimates, and correlations for ..lambda../sub i//sup 0/ at 25/sup 0/C and other temperatures are discussed. Estimated values of ..lambda../sub i//sup 0/ are tabulated from 0-300/sup 0/C for ions of waste isolation interest and for ions of economic interest in geothermal brines. Estimates of their tracer diffusion coefficients at infinite dilution are tabulated. A rule of thumb, good to a factor of 2, is presented. Very limited data (available only at 25/sup 0/C) indicate that D/sub i//D/sub i//sup 0/ generally declines as the concentration of salt or supporting electrolyte increases. 6 figures, 2 tables.

Miller, D.G.

1982-09-07T23:59:59.000Z

142

Estimating radiogenic cancer risks  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document presents a revised methodology for EPA`s estimation of cancer risks due to low-LET radiation exposures in light of information that has become available since the publication of BIER III, especially new information on the Japanese atomic bomb survivors. For most cancer sites, the risk model is one in which the age-specific relative risk coefficients are obtained by taking the geometric mean of coefficients derived from the atomic bomb survivor data employing two different methods for transporting risks from Japan to the U.S. (multiplicative and NIH projection methods). Using 1980 U.S. vital statistics, the risk models are applied to estimate organ-specific risks, per unit dose, for a stationary population.

NONE

1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Estimating Corn Grain Yields  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

can collect samples from a corn field and use this data to calculate the yield estimate. An interactive grain yield calculator is provided in the Appendix of the pdf version of this publication. The calculator is also located in the publication.... Plan and prepare for sample and data collection. 2. Collect field samples and record data. 3. Analyze the data using the interactive grain yield calculator in the Appendix. Plan and prepare for sample and data collection Predetermine sample locations...

Blumenthal, Jurg M.; Thompson, Wayne

2009-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

144

RCRA/UST, superfund, and EPCRA hotline training module. Introduction to toxics release inventory: Estimating releases (EPCRA section 313; 40 CFR part 372). Updated as of November 1995  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The module provides an overview of general techniques that owners and operators of reporting facilities may use to estimate their toxic chemical releases. It exlains the basic release estimation techniques used to determine the chemical quantities reported on the Form R and uses those techniques, along with fundamental chemical or physical principles and properties, to estimate releases of listed toxic chemicals. It converts units of mass, volume, and time. It states the rules governing significant figures and rounding techniques, and references general and industry-specific estimation documents.

NONE

1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

SPACE TECHNOLOGY Actual Estimate  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SPACE TECHNOLOGY TECH-1 Actual Estimate Budget Authority (in $ millions) FY 2011 FY 2012 FY 2013 FY.6 29.5 29.5 29.5 29.5 29.5 29.5 Crosscutting Space Tech Development 120.4 187.7 293.8 272.1 266.6 259.7 247.0 Exploration Technology Development 144.6 189.9 202.0 215.5 215.7 214.5 216.5 Notional SPACE

146

Supplemental Figures and Tables for Groundfish EFH Review Phase 1 Report "Federal and State Marine Protected Areas Type of Fishing Restriction"  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

"Federal and State Marine Protected Areas ­ Type of Fishing Restriction" Author and state MPAs depicted in map figures, categorized by level of fishing restriction Fishing Restriction BEFORE AFTER Commercial and Recreational Fishing Prohibited

Goldfinger, Chris

147

Cameras, PwrMeter,and MultiMeter rfi August 27, 1999 5 FIGURE 3: Power meter birdie with door closed.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cameras, PwrMeter,and MultiMeter rfi August 27, 1999 5 FIGURE 3: Power meter birdie with door closed. Fri Aug 27 23:17:58 1999 phil #12; Cameras, PwrMeter,and MultiMeter rfi August 27, 1999 4 FIGURE 2. Power meter, multimeter birdies with door closed. Fri Aug 27 23:14:06 1999 phil #12; Cameras, PwrMeter

148

Test procedures and protocols: Their relevance to the figure of merit for thermal distribution systems. Volume 1: Informal report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A conceptual framework is developed that categorizes measurement protocols for forced-air thermal distribution systems in small buildings. This framework is based on the distinction between two generic approaches. The {open_quote}system-comparison{close_quote} approach seeks to determine, via a pair of whole-house energy-use measurements, the difference in energy use between the house with the as-found duct system and the same house with no energy losses attributable to the thermal distribution system. The {open_quote}component loss-factor{close_quote} approach identifies and measures the individual causes of duct losses, and then builds up a value for the net overall duct efficiency, usually with the help of computer simulation. Examples of each approach are analyzed and related to a proposed Figure of Merit for thermal distribution systems. This Figure of Merit would serve as the basis for a Standard Method of Test analogous to those already in place for furnaces, boilers, air conditioners, and heat pumps.

Andrews, J.W.

1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Energy Expenditure Estimation DEMO Application  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and against the SenseWear, a dedicated commercial product for energy expenditure estimation. Keywords: humanEnergy Expenditure Estimation DEMO Application Bozidara Cvetkovic1,2 , Simon Kozina1,2 , Bostjan://www.mps.si Abstract. The paper presents two prototypes for the estimation of hu- man energy expenditure during normal

Lu?trek, Mitja

150

Cost Estimating, Analysis, and Standardization  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

To establish policy and responsibilities for: (a) developing and reviewing project cost estimates; (b) preparing independent cost estimates and analysis; (c) standardizing cost estimating procedures; and (d) improving overall cost estimating and analytical techniques, cost data bases, cost and economic escalation models, and cost estimating systems. Cancels DOE O 5700.2B, dated 8-5-1983; DOE O 5700.8, dated 5-27-1981; and HQ 1130.1A, dated 12-30-1981. Canceled by DOE O 5700.2D, dated 6-12-1992

1984-11-02T23:59:59.000Z

151

Continentality: its estimation and physical significance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the North American continent as a whole. In addition, the Rocky Mountain and Great Lakes-Appalachia regions were chosen for mesoscale analysis in order to determine what effect elevation and large water bod1es have on lag. Isopleth analyses... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57 LIST OF FIGURES Figure 1 Continentality of North America according to Conrad 2 Stations used for continental scale analysis. 3 Rocky Mountain stations 4 Great Lakes-Appalachia stations Page 15 16 17 5 (Jun + Jul) - (Dec + Jan) radiation...

Yee Fong, Juan Manuel

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

POINTWISE ESTIMATES AND MONOTONICITY FORMULAS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

POINTWISE ESTIMATES AND MONOTONICITY FORMULAS WITHOUT MAXIMUM PRINCIPLE MARCELO MONTENEGRO;2 MARCELO MONTENEGRO AND ENRICO VALDINOCI In this paper, a central role will be played by the following

153

The unit cost factors and calculation methods for decommissioning - Cost estimation of nuclear research facilities  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Available in abstract form only. Full text of publication follows: The uncertainties of decommissioning costs increase high due to several conditions. Decommissioning cost estimation depends on the complexity of nuclear installations, its site-specific physical and radiological inventories. Therefore, the decommissioning costs of nuclear research facilities must be estimated in accordance with the detailed sub-tasks and resources by the tasks of decommissioning activities. By selecting the classified activities and resources, costs are calculated by the items and then the total costs of all decommissioning activities are reshuffled to match with its usage and objectives. And the decommissioning cost of nuclear research facilities is calculated by applying a unit cost factor method on which classification of decommissioning works fitted with the features and specifications of decommissioning objects and establishment of composition factors are based. Decommissioning costs of nuclear research facilities are composed of labor cost, equipment and materials cost. Of these three categorical costs, the calculation of labor costs are very important because decommissioning activities mainly depend on labor force. Labor costs in decommissioning activities are calculated on the basis of working time consumed in decommissioning objects and works. The working times are figured out of unit cost factors and work difficulty factors. Finally, labor costs are figured out by using these factors as parameters of calculation. The accuracy of decommissioning cost estimation results is much higher compared to the real decommissioning works. (authors)

Kwan-Seong Jeong; Dong-Gyu Lee; Chong-Hun Jung; Kune-Woo Lee [Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute, Deokjin-dong 150, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon 305-353 (Korea, Republic of)

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

Linear Constrained Moving Horizon Estimator With Pre-Estimating Observer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the literature, e.g. Rao et al. (2001, 2003); Alessandri et al. (2003, 2004). The idea of MHE is to estimate of robustness in the presence of uncertainties such as noise, disturbances and modeling errors, see Alessandri in the literature, e.g. Rao et al. (2001, 2003); Alessandri et al. (2003, 2004). The pre-estimator leads

Johansen, Tor Arne

155

Frequency tracking and parameter estimation for robust quantum state estimation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this paper we consider the problem of tracking the state of a quantum system via a continuous weak measurement. If the system Hamiltonian is known precisely, this merely requires integrating the appropriate stochastic master equation. However, even a small error in the assumed Hamiltonian can render this approach useless. The natural answer to this problem is to include the parameters of the Hamiltonian as part of the estimation problem, and the full Bayesian solution to this task provides a state estimate that is robust against uncertainties. However, this approach requires considerable computational overhead. Here we consider a single qubit in which the Hamiltonian contains a single unknown parameter. We show that classical frequency estimation techniques greatly reduce the computational overhead associated with Bayesian estimation and provide accurate estimates for the qubit frequency.

Ralph, Jason F. [Department of Electrical Engineering and Electronics, University of Liverpool, Brownlow Hill, Liverpool L69 3GJ (United Kingdom); Jacobs, Kurt [Department of Physics, University of Massachusetts at Boston, 100 Morrissey Blvd, Boston, Massachusetts 02125 (United States); Hill, Charles D. [Centre for Quantum Computation and Communication Technology, School of Physics, University of Melbourne, Victoria 3010 (Australia)

2011-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

156

Examples of Cost Estimation Packages  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

Estimates can be performed in a variety of ways. Some of these are for projects for an undefined scope, a conventional construction project, or where there is a level of effort required to complete the work. Examples of cost estimation packages for these types of projects are described in this appendix.

1997-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

157

Flight test techniques for aircraft parameter estimation in ground effect  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Longitudinal Noise Levels 85 Table 18 Longitudinal Results - Noise Level 1 87 Table 19 Longitudinal Signal-to-Noise Ratios - Maneuver 2a.. 91 ix Page Table 20 Longitudinal Signal-to-Noise Ratios - Maneuver 2b. 92 Table 21 Lateral-Directional Signal... Doublet (Maneuver 6b) 59 Figure 21 Longitudinal Results at Precision Level 1 63 Figure 22 Longitudinal Results at Precision Level 2 63 Figure 23 Longitudinal Results at Precision Level 3 64 Figure 24 Longitudinal Results at Precision Level 4 65 Figure...

Clark, James Matthew

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

158

Figures xiii Preface xix  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

? 2 What Software Testing Is--and Isn't 3 What Is Different about Testing Object-Oriented Software? 5 Overview of Our Testing Approach 6 Test Early 7 Test Often 7 Test Enough 8 The Testing Perspective 8 #12;vi Contents Chapter 2 The Testing Perspective 15 Testing Perspective 15 Object-Oriented Concepts

McGregor, John D.

159

This Article Figures Only  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

by mine wastes and smelter emissions with 100-fold more soil Zn than Cd. Although many plant species can

Sparks, Donald L.

160

Figure 1. Top: Theoretical  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Top: Theoretical prediction of capacitance of nanoporous electrodes in dipolar solvent (red) versus ionic liquid (black- Jiang, 2013a); Middle: Activated graphene electrode in...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mfw estimates figures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

MECS Fuel Oil Figures  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelines About U.S.30Natural Gas Glossary529 6330 0 14343 342Cubic Feet)7,518,071Publication:

162

Numerical Chladni figures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Chladni patterns of vibrating membranes or thin plates faszinated the people already in the eighteenth century. As a simple way to visualize acoustic phenomena it is a valuable experiment for beginners' courses. In this paper I present NumChladni, an interactive tool for studying arbitrary two-dimensional vibrating membranes based on the Finite Element method. I also describe the straightforward approach of the underlying mathematical details and give some examples. NumChladni is directly applicable in the undergraduate classroom as, for example, complementary application to experimental setups.

Mller, Thomas

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Application of optical triangulation profilometry and optical phase ranging profilometry to the figure evaluation of solar mirrors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The techniques of optical triangulation profilometry (OTP) and optical phase ranging profilometry (OPRP) are proposed for evaluation of the figure of solar mirrors. The theoretical basis for each method is discussed and the results of initial feasibility experiments are reported. In OTP and OPRP the de-specularized mirror surface is probed with one or more visible laser beams. In OTP, two beams are required for the triangulation of coordinates on the mirror surface. In OPRP the second laser beam is retained within the instrument to form the reference leg of a long wavelength interferometer. Both methods are particularly adaptable to computer control for fast, automated analysis of mirror surfaces. In addition the proposed devices are compact and sturdy enough for easy implementation in field evaluation programs. The experimental resolution capability of the unoptimized OTP system is greater than or equal to 0.1 inch (2.54 mm). With further improvement of the beam projection and coincidence assessment systems, the design resolution goal of greater than or equal to 0.1 mm appears achievable. The results of the preliminary resolution capability experiments on the OPRP system are inconclusive. This is thought to be a result of poor performance of components comprising the modulation and detection subsystems. A full assessment of OPRP capability will require a further investigation effort.

Griffin, J.W.; Lind, M.A.

1980-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Estimating Total Energy Consumption and Emissions of China's Commercial and Office Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

18 Figure 6 Primary Energy Consumption by End-Use in24 Figure 7 Primary Energy Consumption by Fuel in Commercialbased on total primary energy consumption (source energy),

Fridley, David G.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Figure 2 illustrates the proposed arrangement of the system value model for a given UAV design. The properties of the UAV system are split into five categories  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Figure 2 illustrates the proposed arrangement of the system value model for a given UAV design. The properties of the UAV system are split into five categories: performance, acquisition cost, supportability of mission success minus the life-cycle-cost of the UAV system. This simplified value model accounts

Sóbester, András

166

Figure 1. (a) Various contact angles of water droplets on hydrophilic surface terminated by OH after standard cleaning 1 (SC1) and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SAM converge; (b) SEM images of SWNTs grown on substrate shown in (a) after catalyst dip-coating. High a self-assembled monolayer (SAM) is both simple and nondestructive.5 In addition, the theoretically perfect flatness of a SAM makes the topography-induced effect negligible. Figure 1a shows the profiles

Maruyama, Shigeo

167

Le TRAIT De la lettre la figure, Vol. 1, ds. B. Bonhomme, M. Symington, S. Ballestra-Puech, L'Harmattan, 217-231, mai 2007.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Le TRAIT De la lettre à la figure, Vol. 1, éds. B. Bonhomme, M. Symington, S. Ballestra-Puech, L'Harmattan. Bonhomme, M. Symington, S. Ballestra-Puech, L'Harmattan, 217-231, mai 2007. 2 Feuilleter le catalogue de l

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

168

Development of A Cryogenic Drift Cell Spectrometer and Methods for Improving the Analytical Figures of Merit for Ion Mobility-Mass Spectrometry Analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A cryogenic (325-80 K) ion mobility-mass spectrometer was designed and constructed in order to improve the analytical figures-of-merit for the chemical analysis of small mass analytes using ion mobility-mass spectrometry. The instrument incorporates...

May, Jody C.

2010-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

169

Figure 1. Day 1 SPC Fire Weather Outlook graphic showing a critical area over parts of the western U.S.,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Figure 1. Day 1 SPC Fire Weather Outlook graphic showing a critical area over parts of the western. INTRODUCTION The Storm Prediction Center (SPC) in Norman, OK prepares national Fire Weather Outlooks valid thunderstorms, result in a significant threat of wildfires. The SPC Fire Weather Outlook contains both a text

170

How many people named Malcom do you think live in Colombia, S.A.? I have no idea but figured it would be a  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

How many people named Malcom do you think live in Colombia, S.A.? I have no idea but figured in Newark for two years before going back to Colombia. He worked for several companies in Colombia and is ranked fifth in Colombia in his age group. He won three med- als in the Pan American Cup held in Miami

Bieber, Michael

171

Figure 1. Ankle behavior can be approximated by a linear torsional spring in the progression stage of the stance phase of normal gait.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Figure 1. Ankle behavior can be approximated by a linear torsional spring in the progression stage of the stance phase of normal gait. Abstract--In this paper we explore the mechanical behavior of the ankle in the progression stage of stance during normal walking. We show that the torque/angle behavior of the ankle during

Dollar, Aaron M.

172

Sample Self-Heating in the Portable Dilution Refrigerator Figure 1. Self-heating of a model sample in a dilution refrigerator. Sample temperature is  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Sample Self-Heating in the Portable Dilution Refrigerator Figure 1. Self-heating of a model were curious as to what the internal temperature of the sample may have been as it was heating ~ 6 pW, self heating begins to occur. The most dramatic result of this test was that a temperature

Weston, Ken

173

Assignment Carbon Footprints Name__Lachniet__ 1) See Figure 1.1a at the back of the assignment (from IPCC)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Assignment Carbon Footprints Name__Lachniet__ 1) See Figure 1.1a at the back capita, relative to other countries. 3) Use the carbon footprint calculator at 1) http utility bill. Use the # of people living in your house. a) What is your carbon footprint, in metric

Lachniet, Matthew S.

174

Design and Simulation for Architectural Geometry Figure 1: Daytime and nighttime scenes of designed roof by using the developed computational tools  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

roof by using the developed computational tools 031.PDF Keywords: Architectural Geometry, Procedural an innovative computational design tool used to edit architectural geometry interactively and demonstratesDesign and Simulation for Architectural Geometry Figure 1: Daytime and nighttime scenes of designed

175

ProClim-Flash | No 57, June 201318 Figure 1: Swiss CH4 fluxes from (a) anthropogenic (agriculture, energy, waste) and (b) natural contributors (wetlands, lakes and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

April 2013 under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and under the Kyoto Protocol layers representing CH4 emissions from wastewater treatment and natural sources and sinks (Figure 1b by the CCES projects ENHANCE, www.cces.ethz.ch/ projects/sulu/ENHANCE, and BioChange, www.cces.ethz.ch/projects/clench/BioChange

176

FIGURE 2. -Immunodiffusion comparison of Vibrio anguil-larum 775 and Vibrio sp. 1669. Wells I, 3, and 5 contain V. an-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

4 FIGURE 2. -Immunodiffusion comparison of Vibrio anguil- larum 775 and Vibrio sp. 1669. Wells I, 3, and 5 contain V. an- guillarum 775 sonicate and wells 2, 4, and 6 contain Vibrio sp. 1669 sonicate disease in young salmon. J. Compo Patho!' 77;419-423. RUCKER, R. R. 1959. Vibrio infections among marine

177

Figure 1: Top: Four interstation paths in the Paran Basin used for surface-wave analysis. (Three are  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: The data misfit is calculated for the ns new models generated in step 2 and the procedure returns to step 2 velocity datum is a composite from up to four events, weighted by the inverse of the estimated variances cells of the first 100 points generated by the NA, and the bottom left panel shows the Voronoi cells

Sambridge, Malcolm

178

Estimation of resources and reserves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This report analyzes the economics of resource and reserve estimation. Current concern about energy problems has focused attention on how we measure available energy resources. One reads that we have an eight-year oil ...

Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Energy Laboratory.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Measurement enhancement for state estimation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of a few phasor measurement units (PMU) in the system can significantly increase measurement redundancy, which in turn can improve the capability of state estimation to detect and identify bad data, even during loss of measurements. Meanwhile, strategic...

Chen, Jian

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

180

Capturing Dynamics in the Power Grid: Formulation of Dynamic State Estimation through Data Assimilation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

With the increasing complexity resulting from uncertainties and stochastic variations introduced by intermittent renewable energy sources, responsive loads, mobile consumption of plug-in vehicles, and new market designs, more and more dynamic behaviors are observed in everyday power system operation. To operate a power system efficiently and reliably, it is critical to adopt a dynamic paradigm so that effective control actions can be taken in time. The dynamic paradigm needs to include three fundamental components: dynamic state estimation; look-ahead dynamic simulation; and dynamic contingency analysis (Figure 1). These three components answer three basic questions: where the system is; where the system is going; and how secure the system is against accidents. The dynamic state estimation provides a solid cornerstone to support the other 2 components and is the focus of this study.

Zhou, Ning; Huang, Zhenyu; Meng, Da; Elbert, Stephen T.; Wang, Shaobu; Diao, Ruisheng

2014-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mfw estimates figures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

ERCB updates estimated reserves of crude bitumen and synthetic crude oil  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Alberta Energy Resources Conservation Board prepares yearly updates of Alberta reserves of crude bitumen and synthetic crude oil. The latest figures are as of the end of 1985. Alberta's crude bitumen reserves are contained in designated deposits with the oil sand areas of Athabasca, Cold Lake, and Peace River. The total initial volume of crude bitumen in-place for the designated deposits at December 31, 1985 was estimated as 266.4 billion cubic meters. Within the potentially mineable areas, the initial mineable volume in-place of crude bitumen was established to be 11.9 billion cubic meters. After allowing for surface facilities (plant sites, tailings ponds, discard dumps), environmental protection corridors along major rivers, isolated mineable areas, and assuming a combined mining/extraction recovery factor of 0.78, the resulting initial established mineable reserve of crude bitumen is estimated to be 5.2 billion cubic meters. Data are presented in three tables.

Not Available

1986-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

A Bayesian Framework for Combining Valuation Estimates  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Obtaining more accurate equity value estimates is the starting point for stock selection, value-based indexing in a noisy market, and beating benchmark indices through tactical style rotation. Unfortunately, discounted cash flow, method of comparables, and fundamental analysis typically yield discrepant valuation estimates. Moreover, the valuation estimates typically disagree with market price. Can one form a superior valuation estimate by averaging over the individual estimates, including market price? This article suggests a Bayesian framework for combining two or more estimates into a superior valuation estimate. The framework justifies the common practice of averaging over several estimates to arrive at a final point estimate.

Kenton K. Yee

2007-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

183

A Bayesian Framework for Combining Valuation Estimates  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Obtaining more accurate equity value estimates is the starting point for stock selection, value-based indexing in a noisy market, and beating benchmark indices through tactical style rotation. Unfortunately, discounted cash flow, method of comparables, and fundamental analysis typically yield discrepant valuation estimates. Moreover, the valuation estimates typically disagree with market price. Can one form a superior valuation estimate by averaging over the individual estimates, including market price? This article suggests a Bayesian framework for combining two or more estimates into a superior valuation estimate. The framework justifies the common practice of averaging over several estimates to arrive at a final point estimate.

Yee, Kenton K

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Weldon Spring historical dose estimate  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This study was conducted to determine the estimated radiation doses that individuals in five nearby population groups and the general population in the surrounding area may have received as a consequence of activities at a uranium processing plant in Weldon Spring, Missouri. The study is retrospective and encompasses plant operations (1957-1966), cleanup (1967-1969), and maintenance (1969-1982). The dose estimates for members of the nearby population groups are as follows. Of the three periods considered, the largest doses to the general population in the surrounding area would have occurred during the plant operations period (1957-1966). Dose estimates for the cleanup (1967-1969) and maintenance (1969-1982) periods are negligible in comparison. Based on the monitoring data, if there was a person residing continually in a dwelling 1.2 km (0.75 mi) north of the plant, this person is estimated to have received an average of about 96 mrem/yr (ranging from 50 to 160 mrem/yr) above background during plant operations, whereas the dose to a nearby resident during later years is estimated to have been about 0.4 mrem/yr during cleanup and about 0.2 mrem/yr during the maintenance period. These values may be compared with the background dose in Missouri of 120 mrem/yr.

Meshkov, N.; Benioff, P.; Wang, J.; Yuan, Y.

1986-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Optical Flow Estimation versus Motion Estimation Draft: Anita Sellent  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. In the proposed challenge we aim to estimate the physical motion of objects. In industrial applications in the Camera System In industrial applications, sufficient illumination cannot always be provided. This can in the path of a robot or the trajectories of objects [7,12,13,17]. Video cameras provide information

Heermann, Dieter W.

186

Figures and Data Plots from the Published Papers of the BELLE Experiment at the KEK - B Factory  

DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

This resource provides more than 300 citations to preprints and papers with the figures from each one pulled out separately for easy access and downloading. These are physics publications. Be sure to also see the page of Technical Journal publications at http://belle.kek.jp/belle/bellenim/index.htm and the lists of conference presentations from 2000 through 2009. Belle is a high-energy physics (HEP) experiment that began in 1999 at the KEK B-factory in Japan under the direction of the international Belle Collaboration. The original Letter of Intent from the Collaboration stated their scientific goal as follows:

The laws of nature have a high degree of symmetry between matter and antimatter; violations of this symmetry, the so-called CP violations, are only seen as a small effect in the decays of neutral K mesons. Although experimental evidence for CP violation was first observed 30 years ago, we still do not understand how they occur. In 1973, Kobayashi and Maskawa (KM) noted that CP violation could be accommodated in the Standard Model only if there were at least six quark flavors, twice the number of quark flavors known at that time. The KM model for CP violation is now considered to be an essential part of the Standard Model. In 1980, Sanda and Carter pointed out that the KM model contained the possibility of rather sizable CP violating asymmetries in certain decay modes of the B meson. The subsequent observation of a long b quark lifetime and a large amount of mixing in the neutral B meson system indicated that it would be feasible to carry out decisive tests of the KM model by studying B meson decays. Our collaboration has been formed around the common interest of clarifying the long standing physics puzzle of CP violation. Our goal is to make a definitive test of the Standard Models predictions for CP violations in the decays of B mesons. [Copied, with editing, from Letter of Intent (KEK-Report94-2, April 1994); see http://belle.kek.jp/bdocs/old_publication.html and open the Letter of Intent file]

That original Belle experiment verified the KM theory, leading to a Nobel prize in 2008 for Kobayashi and Maskawa. Belle II Collaboration is now working on additional discoveries.

187

BPA Metering Services Editing and Estimating Procedures  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Editing and Estimating Interval Data 1. Introduction This section defines the meter interval data editing and estimation techniques performed by BPA's Metering Services...

188

Hydrogen Production Cost Estimate Using Biomass Gasification...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Production Cost Estimate Using Biomass Gasification: Independent Review Hydrogen Production Cost Estimate Using Biomass Gasification: Independent Review This independent review is...

189

Figure 1. The wet area is flooded by damming up a small stream adjacent to the study area once a year for a period of 2-3 months. By  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Figure 1. The wet area is flooded by damming up a small stream adjacent to the study area once. Figure 1.g The wet area is flooded by damming up a small streamded by damming up a smded by damwet area Vegetation data are obtained from two ri- parian grassland sites with strong hydro- logical gradients

Schierup, Mikkel Heide

190

Figure 1: A boxcar is towed without friction up a track at an angle 1 with respect to the horizontal. The mass inside the boxcar hangs at an angle 2 with respect to the top of the boxcar.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

a m 1 2 Figure 1: A boxcar is towed without friction up a track at an angle 1 with respect: Boxcar on a Hill In the figure, a boxcar of mass M is being towed up a hill by train car without friction. It is accelerating up the slope with a constant acceleration a. Inside the boxcar, an object of mass m hangs

Texas at Austin. University of

191

Portfolio Selection with Robust Estimation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Department of Management Science and Operations, London Business School ... (1952). To implement these portfolios in practice, one has to estimate the mean and the covariance matrix of ... have good properties not only for the assumed distribution but also for any distribution in a ...... KNITRO user's manual. version 4.0.

2007-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

192

An Improved Cluster Richness Estimator  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Minimizing the scatter between cluster mass and accessible observables is an important goal for cluster cosmology. In this work, we introduce a new matched filter richness estimator, and test its performance using the maxBCG cluster catalog. Our new estimator significantly reduces the variance in the L{sub X}-richness relation, from {sigma}{sub lnL{sub X}}{sup 2} = (0.86 {+-} 0.02){sup 2} to {sigma}{sub lnL{sub X}}{sup 2} = (0.69 {+-} 0.02){sup 2}. Relative to the maxBCG richness estimate, it also removes the strong redshift dependence of the richness scaling relations, and is significantly more robust to photometric and redshift errors. These improvements are largely due to our more sophisticated treatment of galaxy color data. We also demonstrate the scatter in the L{sub X}-richness relation depends on the aperture used to estimate cluster richness, and introduce a novel approach for optimizing said aperture which can be easily generalized to other mass tracers.

Rozo, Eduardo; /Ohio State U.; Rykoff, Eli S.; /UC, Santa Barbara; Koester, Benjamin P.; /Chicago U. /KICP, Chicago; McKay, Timothy; /Michigan U.; Hao, Jiangang; /Michigan U.; Evrard, August; /Michigan U.; Wechsler, Risa H.; /SLAC; Hansen, Sarah; /Chicago U. /KICP, Chicago; Sheldon, Erin; /New York U.; Johnston, David; /Houston U.; Becker, Matthew R.; /Chicago U. /KICP, Chicago; Annis, James T.; /Fermilab; Bleem, Lindsey; /Chicago U.; Scranton, Ryan; /Pittsburgh U.

2009-08-03T23:59:59.000Z

193

HYPERPARAMETER ESTIMATION FOR EMISSION COMPUTED  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

HYPERPARAMETER ESTIMATION FOR EMISSION COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY DATA A. López (a) , R. Molina (b) (a limited due to several factors. These factors include the need of greater computational time than to the projection data to obtain two-dimensional slices or cross sections (images) of activity distribution. #12

Granada, Universidad de

194

Review Problems 2-72 The deflection of the spring of the two-piston cylinder with a spring shown in the figure is to be  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2-31 Review Problems 2-72 The deflection of the spring of the two-piston cylinder with a spring shown in the figure is to be determined. Analysis Summing the forces acting on the pistonN/m, the pressures in kPa (i.e., kN/m2 ) and the diameters in m units. 2-73 The pressure in chamber 1 of the two-piston

Bahrami, Majid

195

Have you been using the wrong estimator? These guys bound average fidelity using this one weird trick von Neumann didn't want you to know  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We give bounds on the average fidelity achievable by any quantum state estimator, which is arguably the most prominently used figure of merit in quantum state tomography. Moreover, these bounds can be computed online---that is, while the experiment is running. We show numerically that these bounds are quite tight for relevant distributions of density matrices. We also show that the Bayesian mean estimator is ideal in the sense of performing close to the bound without requiring optimization. Our results hold for all finite dimensional quantum systems.

Christopher Ferrie; Richard Kueng

2015-03-02T23:59:59.000Z

196

Chapter 11Chapter 11 Estimating the Weighted  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Chapter 11Chapter 11 Estimating the Weighted Average Cost of Capital DES Chapter 11 1 #12;U i th C.xls for shortfor short. DES Chapter 11 2 #12;S i l i hSteps to estimate value using the Corporate Valuation stockholders DES Chapter 11 7 #12;Estimating Target Weights Page 223: To calculate WACC, we need to estimate

Schubart, Christoph

197

Best Linear Unbiased Estimate Motivation for BLUE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Chapter 6 Best Linear Unbiased Estimate (BLUE) #12;2 Motivation for BLUE Except for Linear Model to a sub-optimal estimate BLUE is one such sub-optimal estimate Idea for BLUE: 1. Restrict estimate) Advantage of BLUE:Needs only 1st and 2nd moments of PDF Mean & Covariance Disadvantages of BLUE: 1. Sub

Fowler, Mark

198

To estimate vapor pressure easily  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Vapor pressures as functions of temperature for approximately 700 major organic chemical compounds are given. The tabulation also gives the temperature range for which the data are applicable. Minimum and maximum temperatures are denoted by TMIN and TMAX. The Antoine equation that correlates vapor pressure as a function of temperature is described. A representative comparison of calculated and actual data values for vapor pressure is shown for ethyl alcohol. The coefficient tabulation is based on both literature (experimental data) and estimated values.

Yaws, C.L.; Yang, H.C. (Lamar Univ., Beaumont, TX (USA))

1989-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

autoregressive spectral estimation: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Estimation: A Tunable High-Resolution Spectral Estimator CiteSeer Summary: Traditional maximum entropy spectral estimation determines a power spectrum from covariance estimates....

200

Estimation of net ecosystem carbon exchange for the conterminous United States by combining MODIS and AmeriFlux data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

E. Huxman (2002), Carbon sequestration in a high-elevation,values indicate carbon sequestration. Figure 11. Estimatedvalues indicate carbon sequestration. Figure 10. Predicted

Xiao, Jingfeng

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mfw estimates figures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Econometric Analysis on Efficiency of Estimator  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper investigates the efficiency of an alternative to ratio estimator under the super population model with uncorrelated errors and a gamma-distributed auxiliary variable. Comparisons with usual ratio and unbiased estimators are also made.

M. Khoshnevisan; F. Kaymram; Housila P. Singh; Rajesh Singh; Florentin Smarandache

2003-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

202

Bayesian estimation of resistivities from seismic velocities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

I address the problem of finding a background model for the estimation of resistivities in the earth from controlled-source electromagnetic (CSEM) data by using seismic data and well logs as constraints. Estimation of ...

Werthmller, Dieter

2014-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

203

Hydrogen Production Cost Estimate Using Biomass Gasification  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hydrogen Production Cost Estimate Using Biomass Gasification National Renewable Energy Laboratory% postconsumer waste #12;i Independent Review Panel Summary Report September 28, 2011 From: Independent Review Panel, Hydrogen Production Cost Estimate Using Biomass Gasification To: Mr. Mark Ruth, NREL, DOE

204

Cost Model and Cost Estimating Software  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

This chapter discusses a formalized methodology is basically a cost model, which forms the basis for estimating software.

1997-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

205

Highly Automated Dipole EStimation , A. Pascarella2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

filter, HADES (Highly Automatic Dipole EStimation). HADES is an open-source, freely downloadable, Matlab-based

Piana, Michele

206

An Estimate of Energy Use in Laboratories, Cleanrooms, and Data Centers in New York  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Laboratories, cleanrooms and data centers are very energy-intensive. For example, laboratories are typically three to eight times as energy intensive as a typical office building, and a data center may be as much as 20-50 times as energy intensive as a typical office building. This technical note presents an estimate of the total energy use in laboratories, cleanrooms and data centers in New York. There is generally very limited data on energy use in the high tech sector, both at the national and state level. Since it was beyond the scope of this project to develop primary data through surveys, the analysis relied primarily on the use of proxy indicators and extrapolation from national data where available. The results for each building type are summarized below in table E-1 and figure E-1.

Mathew, Paul

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

Types of Costs Types of Cost Estimates  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Types of Costs Types of Cost Estimates Methods to estimate capital costs MIN E 408: Mining% accuracy. 2-5% of pre-production capital Types of Cost Estimates #12;3. Definitive Based on definitive-even $ Production Level Fixed Cost Break-even $ Production Level Cost-Revenue Relationships Capital Costs (or

Boisvert, Jeff

208

Arnold Schwarzenegger REFINING ESTIMATES OF WATER-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Arnold Schwarzenegger Governor REFINING ESTIMATES OF WATER- RELATED ENERGY USE IN CALIFORNIA Energy Technologies · Transportation Refining Estimates of WaterRelated Energy Use in California is the final report for the Refining Estimates of EnergyRelated Energy Use in California project (contract

209

Transductive Reliability Estimation for Kernel Based Classifiers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Transductive Reliability Estimation for Kernel Based Classifiers Dimitris Tzikas1 , Matjaz Kukar2@cs.uoi.gr Abstract. Estimating the reliability of individual classifications is very important in several applications such as medical diagnosis. Recently, the transductive approach to reliability estimation has been

Likas, Aristidis

210

Statistical Exposure Estimation Spatial Confounding Bias  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, and 3 Account for spatial correlation in the health outcome data. Applications include air pollution Epidemiology Estimates of chronic health effects of air pollution are identified from cross-sectional (i Exposure Estimation Methods for Air Pollution Often researchers estimate ambient concentrations and use

Paciorek, Chris

211

Zevenhoven & Kilpinen CROSS EFFECTS, TOTAL SYSTEM LAY-OUT 13.6.2001 10-1 Figure 10.1 Typical pulverised coal combustion and gas clean-up system: dry scrubber +  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

pulverised coal combustion and gas clean-up system: dry scrubber + baghouse filter for SO2 and particulate For a conventional pulverised coal-fired power plant a set-up is shown in Figure 10.1, with a gas clean-up system scrubber (pH ~ 6) 60 - 70 7 Re-heater 350 - 400 8 SCR DeNOx 300 - 400 9 Active coke bed 100 - 150 Figure 10

Zevenhoven, Ron

212

Quantum confinement effects on the thermoelectric figure of merit in Si/Si{sub 1{minus}x}Ge{sub x} system  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Si/Si{sub 1{minus}x}Ge{sub x} quantum well system is attractive for high temperature thermoelectric applications and for demonstration of proof-of-principle for enhanced thermoelectric figure of merit Z, since the interfaces and carrier densities can be well controlled in this system. The authors report here theoretical calculations for Z in this system, and results from theoretical modeling of quantum confinement effects in the presence of {delta}-doping within the barrier layers. The {delta}-doping layers are introduced by growing very thin layers of wide band gap materials within the barrier layers in order to increase the effective barrier height within the barriers and thereby reduce the barrier width necessary for the quantum confinement of carriers within the quantum well. The overall figure of merit is thereby enhanced due to the reduced barrier width and hence reduced thermal conductivity, {kappa}. The {delta}-doping should further reduce {kappa} in the barriers by introducing phonon scattering centers within the barrier region. The temperature dependence of Z for Si quantum wells is also discussed.

Sun, X.; Dresselhaus, M.S.; Wang, K.L.; Tanner, M.O.

1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

2007 Estimated International Energy Flows  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An energy flow chart or 'atlas' for 136 countries has been constructed from data maintained by the International Energy Agency (IEA) and estimates of energy use patterns for the year 2007. Approximately 490 exajoules (460 quadrillion BTU) of primary energy are used in aggregate by these countries each year. While the basic structure of the energy system is consistent from country to country, patterns of resource use and consumption vary. Energy can be visualized as it flows from resources (i.e. coal, petroleum, natural gas) through transformations such as electricity generation to end uses (i.e. residential, commercial, industrial, transportation). These flow patterns are visualized in this atlas of 136 country-level energy flow charts.

Smith, C A; Belles, R D; Simon, A J

2011-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

214

Supplemental report on cost estimates'  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Office of Management and Budget (OMB) and the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers have completed an analysis of the Department of Energy's (DOE) Fiscal Year (FY) 1993 budget request for its Environmental Restoration and Waste Management (ERWM) program. The results were presented to an interagency review group (IAG) of senior-Administration officials for their consideration in the budget process. This analysis included evaluations of the underlying legal requirements and cost estimates on which the ERWM budget request was based. The major conclusions are contained in a separate report entitled, ''Interagency Review of the Department of Energy Environmental Restoration and Waste Management Program.'' This Corps supplemental report provides greater detail on the cost analysis.

NONE

1992-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

215

Brush Busters: How to Estimate Costs for Controlling Small Cedar  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

method. Figure 3 is for the top-removal method). In Figures 1 and 2, the upper graph shows the cost for the spray only. The center graph shows total cost for spray + labor at $6 per hour. The bottom graph shows total cost for spray + labor at $12 per... hour. Figure 3 shows the costs for the top-removal method, with labor at $6 per hour in the upper graph and $12 per hour in the lower graph. ? Locate your average cedar density (the average calculated in Step #1) on the lower, horizontal axis (density...

Ueckert, Darrell; McGinty, Allan

2001-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

216

Site characterization: a spatial estimation approach  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this report the application of spatial estimation techniques or kriging to groundwater aquifers and geological borehole data is considered. The adequacy of these techniques to reliably develop contour maps from various data sets is investigated. The estimator is developed theoretically in a simplified fashion using vector-matrix calculus. The practice of spatial estimation is discussed and the estimator is then applied to two groundwater aquifer systems and used also to investigate geological formations from borehole data. It is shown that the estimator can provide reasonable results when designed properly.

Candy, J.V.; Mao, N.

1980-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

Estimating Total Energy Consumption and Emissions of China's Commercial and Office Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Case 25 Figure 9 CO2 Emissions from Commercial Buildings (27 Figure 12 CO2 Emissions by Sector (Primary Energy,16 Office Building CO2 Emissions (Reference Case, Primary

Fridley, David G.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

Influence of samarium on the thermoelectric figure of merit of Sm{sub x}Pb{sub 1-x}Te alloys  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The temperature and concentration dependences of the electrical (conductivity {sigma}, the Hall coefficient R), thermoelectric (thermovoltage {alpha}), and thermal (thermal conductivity K{sub tot}) characteristics of Sm{sub x}Pb{sub 1-x}Te alloys (x = 0, 0.02, 0.04, 0.08) are studied in the temperature range 100-500 K. Using the data for {sigma}, {alpha}, and K{sub tot}, the thermoelectric power {alpha}{sup 2}{sigma}, figure of merit Z, and efficiency {delta} are calculated. It is established that at room-temperature {alpha}{sup 2}{sigma} and Z peak at the hole concentration p Almost-Equal-To 1.2 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 18} cm{sup -3}.

Aliev, F. F., E-mail: farzali@physics.ab.az; Hasanov, H. A., E-mail: hummat.hasanov@gmail.com [Academy of Sciences of Azerbaijan, Institute of Physics (Azerbaijan)

2012-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

219

Reassessing Wind Potential Estimates for India: Economic and Policy Implications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the need to reassess wind potential estimates in India andDivision Reassessing Wind Potential Estimates for India:July 2011 Reassessing Wind Potential Estimates for India:

Phadke, Amol

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

Estimating Pedestrian Accident Exposure: Automated Pedestrian Counting Devices Report  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

291. Estimating Pedestrian Accident Exposure: Draft ProtocolEstimating Pedestrian Accident Exposure: Draft Protocol39. Estimating Pedestrian Accident Exposure: Draft Protocol

Bu, Fanping; Greene-Roesel, Ryan; Diogenes, Mara Chagas; Ragland, David R

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mfw estimates figures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

A robustness application for linear estimation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, recursive algorithm for yielding estimates of the state of a linear dynamic system (see, for example, the excellent tutorial [1]). Many other applications of this estimation scheme exist in the areas of signal processing, power systems, telecommunications... on robustness causes the coefficient which maximizes J to approach the coefficient which produces maximum robustness. 37 REFERENCES [1] I. B. Rhodes, "A Tutorial Introduction to Estimation and Filtering, "IEEE Trans. on Automatic Control, vol. AC-16, pp...

Kitzman, Kenneth Victor

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Estimating heat of combustion for waste materials  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Describes a method of estimating the heat of combustion of hydrocarbon waste (containing S,N,Q,C1) in various physical forms (vapor, liquid, solid, or mixtures) when the composition of the waste stream is known or can be estimated. Presents an equation for predicting the heat of combustion of hydrocarbons containing some sulfur. Shows how the method is convenient for estimating the heat of combustion of a waste profile as shown in a sample calculation.

Chang, Y.C.

1982-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

State energy data report 1994: Consumption estimates  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document provides annual time series estimates of State-level energy consumption by major economic sector. The estimates are developed in the State Energy Data System (SEDS), operated by EIA. SEDS provides State energy consumption estimates to members of Congress, Federal and State agencies, and the general public, and provides the historical series needed for EIA`s energy models. Division is made for each energy type and end use sector. Nuclear electric power is included.

NONE

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Budget estimates. Fiscal year 1998  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The U.S. Congress has determined that the safe use of nuclear materials for peaceful purposes is a legitimate and important national goal. It has entrusted the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) with the primary Federal responsibility for achieving that goal. The NRC`s mission, therefore, is to regulate the Nation`s civilian use of byproduct, source, and special nuclear materials to ensure adequate protection of public health and safety, to promote the common defense and security, and to protect the environment. The NRC`s FY 1998 budget requests new budget authority of $481,300,000 to be funded by two appropriations - one is the NRC`s Salaraies and Expenses appropriation for $476,500,000, and the other is NRC`s Office of Inspector General appropriation for $4,800,000. Of the funds appropriated to the NRC`s Salaries and Expenses, $17,000,000, shall be derived from the Nuclear Waste Fund and $2,000,000 shall be derived from general funds. The proposed FY 1998 appropriation legislation would also exempt the $2,000,000 for regulatory reviews and other assistance provided to the Department of Energy from the requirement that the NRC collect 100 percent of its budget from fees. The sums appropriated to the NRC`s Salaries and Expenses and NRC`s Office of Inspector General shall be reduced by the amount of revenues received during FY 1998 from licensing fees, inspection services, and other services and collections, so as to result in a final FY 1998 appropriation for the NRC of an estimated $19,000,000 - the amount appropriated from the Nuclear Waste Fund and from general funds. Revenues derived from enforcement actions shall be deposited to miscellaneous receipts of the Treasury.

NONE

1997-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Estimating Temperature Distributions In Geothermal Areas Using...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

neuronet temperature estimates based on well log data derive from: (a) the neuronet "education level" (which depends on the amount and structure of information used for teaching)...

226

Flux recovery and a posteriori error estimators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

bility and the local efficiency bounds for this estimator are established provided that the ... For simple model problems, the energy norm of the true error is equal.

2010-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

227

Estimating Methods - DOE Directives, Delegations, and Requirements  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

direct costs, and other estimating considerations are discussed in this chapter. g4301-1chp15.pdf -- PDF Document, 28 KB Writer: John Makepeace Subjects: Administration Management...

228

Estimating Specialty Costs - DOE Directives, Delegations, and...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

project specialty costs and methods of estimating costs for specialty projects. g4301-1chp20.pdf -- PDF Document, 56 KB Writer: John Makepeace Subjects: Administration Management...

229

Estimating Pedestrian Accident Exposure: Protocol Report  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Method of Measuring Exposure to Pedestrian Accident Risk.Accident Analysis and Prevention, Vol. 14, 1982, pp 397-405.Estimating Pedestrian Accident Exposure: Protocol Report,

Greene-Roesel, Ryan; Diogenes, Mara Chagas; Ragland, David R

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Cost Estimating Handbook for Environmental Restoration  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Environmental restoration (ER) projects have presented the DOE and cost estimators with a number of properties that are not comparable to the normal estimating climate within DOE. These properties include: An entirely new set of specialized expressions and terminology. A higher than normal exposure to cost and schedule risk, as compared to most other DOE projects, due to changing regulations, public involvement, resource shortages, and scope of work. A higher than normal percentage of indirect costs to the total estimated cost due primarily to record keeping, special training, liability, and indemnification. More than one estimate for a project, particularly in the assessment phase, in order to provide input into the evaluation of alternatives for the cleanup action. While some aspects of existing guidance for cost estimators will be applicable to environmental restoration projects, some components of the present guidelines will have to be modified to reflect the unique elements of these projects. The purpose of this Handbook is to assist cost estimators in the preparation of environmental restoration estimates for Environmental Restoration and Waste Management (EM) projects undertaken by DOE. The DOE has, in recent years, seen a significant increase in the number, size, and frequency of environmental restoration projects that must be costed by the various DOE offices. The coming years will show the EM program to be the largest non-weapons program undertaken by DOE. These projects create new and unique estimating requirements since historical cost and estimating precedents are meager at best. It is anticipated that this Handbook will enhance the quality of cost data within DOE in several ways by providing: The basis for accurate, consistent, and traceable baselines. Sound methodologies, guidelines, and estimating formats. Sources of cost data/databases and estimating tools and techniques available at DOE cost professionals.

NONE

1990-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Essays on Nonparametric Series Estimation with Application to Financial Econometrics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This dissertation includes two essays. In the first essay, I proposed an alternative estimator for multivariate densities. This estimator can be characterized as a transformation based estimator. The first stage estimates each marginal density...

Chang, Meng-Shiuh

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

232

Types of Costs Types of Cost Estimates  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

05-1 Types of Costs Types of Cost Estimates Methods to estimate capital costs MIN E 408-Revenue Relationships Capital Costs (or first cost or capital investment): Expenditures made to acquire or develop capital assets Three main classes of capital costs: 1. Depreciable Investment: Investment allocated

Boisvert, Jeff

233

2009 Cost Estimates of Establishing and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2009 Cost Estimates of Establishing and Producing Gala Apples in Washington WASHINGTON STATE include estimating 1) the costs of the equipment, materials, supplies, and labor required to establish for any particular orchard operation due to case-specific: Capital, labor, and natural resources Crop

Collins, Gary S.

234

2013 Cost Estimation of Establishing a  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 2013 Cost Estimation of Establishing a Cider Apple Orchard in Western Washington W A S H I N G factors: Capital, labor, and natural resources Crop yield Cultural practices Input prices Cost estimations in this enterprise budget also vary depending on the budget's intended use. To avoid

Collins, Gary S.

235

MATLAB Functions for Profiled Estimation of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MATLAB Functions for Profiled Estimation of Differential Equations Giles Hooker June 23, 2010: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 2 Example: FitzHugh-Nagumo Equations 5 3 MATLAB Objects Needed for the Estimation. 6 3.1 Cell is designed to accompany a Matlab software package that esti- mates the parameters in differential equation

Keinan, Alon

236

Vegetation Indices to Aid Areal Evapotranspiration Estimations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Vegetation Indices to Aid Areal Evapotranspiration Estimations Jozsef Szilagyi1 Abstract: Multiyear Seevers and Ottmann 1994; Nicholson et al. 1996; Sz- ilagyi et al. 1998; Szilagyi and Parlange 1999; Szilagyi 2000 . Different authors drew differing conclusions about the appli- cability of NDVI to estimate

Szilagyi, Jozsef

237

Reservation Price Estimation by Adaptive Conjoint Analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Reservation Price Estimation by Adaptive Conjoint Analysis Christoph Breidert1 , Michael Hahsler1 applied the eco- nomic definition of reservation price in combination with a conjoint study on product pricing. In this paper we present a novel approach to estimate the economic reser- vation price using

Schmidt-Thieme, Lars

238

Systematic Approach for Decommissioning Planning and Estimating  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Nuclear facility decommissioning, satisfactorily completed at the lowest cost, relies on a systematic approach to the planning, estimating, and documenting the work. High quality information is needed to properly perform the planning and estimating. A systematic approach to collecting and maintaining the needed information is recommended using a knowledgebase system for information management. A systematic approach is also recommended to develop the decommissioning plan, cost estimate and schedule. A probabilistic project cost and schedule risk analysis is included as part of the planning process. The entire effort is performed by a experienced team of decommissioning planners, cost estimators, schedulers, and facility knowledgeable owner representatives. The plant data, work plans, cost and schedule are entered into a knowledgebase. This systematic approach has been used successfully for decommissioning planning and cost estimating for a commercial nuclear power plant. Elements of this approach have been used for numerous cost estimates and estimate reviews. The plan and estimate in the knowledgebase should be a living document, updated periodically, to support decommissioning fund provisioning, with the plan ready for use when the need arises.

Dam, A. S.

2002-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

239

Articulated Human Pose Estimation in Natural Images  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Articulated Human Pose Estimation in Natural Images by Samuel Alan Johnson Submitted in accordance. c 2012 The University of Leeds and Samuel Alan Johnson 2 #12;Abstract In this thesis the problem. Johnson and M. Everingham, "Learning Effective Human Pose Estimation from In- accurate Annotation

Hogg, David

240

The Importance of Carbon Footprint Estimation Boundaries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Importance of Carbon Footprint Estimation Boundaries H . S C O T T M A T T H E W S , C H R I and organizations are pursuing "carbon footprint" projects to estimate their own contributions to global climate change. Protocol definitions from carbon registries help organizations analyze their footprints

Kammen, Daniel M.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mfw estimates figures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Density Estimation Trees in High Energy Physics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Density Estimation Trees can play an important role in exploratory data analysis for multidimensional, multi-modal data models of large samples. I briefly discuss the algorithm, a self-optimization technique based on kernel density estimation, and some applications in High Energy Physics.

Anderlini, Lucio

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Estimation of Evolutionary Distance between Nucleotide Sequences'  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Estimation of Evolutionary Distance between Nucleotide Sequences' Fumio Tajima and Masatoshi Nei University of Texas at Houston A mathematical formula for estimating the average number of nucleotide sub rates of substitution among different nucleotide pairs. Although this formula is obtained for the equal

Nei, Masatoshi

243

STATE ESTIMATION FOR WASTEWATER TREATMENT PROCESSES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CHAPTER 1 STATE ESTIMATION FOR WASTEWATER TREATMENT PROCESSES O. Bernard1 , B. Chachuat2 , and J sensors (also called observers) for wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs). We give an overview model description (e.g., the 1 #12;2 STATE ESTIMATION FOR WASTEWATER TREATMENT PROCESSES extended Kalman

Bernard, Olivier

244

Bayesian surface estimation for white light interferometry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.hamprecht@iwr.uni-heidelberg.de). 1 #12;The development of white light interferometers for industry was first guidedBayesian surface estimation for white light interferometry Michael Hissmann Fred A. Hamprecht 2004/07/05 Abstract In conventional white light interferometry (WLI) surface estimation, data acquisition is followed

Hamprecht, Fred A.

245

Hybrid Estimation of CMB Polarization Power Spectra  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper generalises the hybrid power spectrum estimator developed in Efstathiou (2004a) to the estimation of polarization power spectra of the cosmic microwave background radiation. The hybrid power spectrum estimator is unbiased and we show that it is close to optimal at all multipoles, provided the pixel noise satisfies certain reasonable constraints. Furthermore, the hybrid estimator is computationally fast and can easily be incorporated in a Monte-Carlo chain for Planck-sized data sets. Simple formulae are given for the covariance matrices, including instrumental noise, and these are tested extensively against numerical simulations. We compare the behaviour of simple pseudo-Cell estimates with maximum likelihood estimates at low multipoles. For realistic sky cuts, maximum likelihood estimates reduce very significantly the mixing of E and B modes. To achieve limits on the scalar-tensor ratio of r<<0.1 from sky maps with realistic sky cuts, maximum likelihood methods, or pseudo-Cell estimators based on unambiguous E and B modes, will be essential.

G. Efstathiou

2006-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

246

Figure 12 Vehicle tracking Figure 11 Pedestrian tracking  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-finders, infra-red obstacle detectors, GPS, Forward Looking Infra-Red (FLIR), microwave, etc. provide other

Brandt, Scott A.

247

New approaches to estimation of magnetotelluric parameters  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Fully efficient robust data processing procedures were developed and tested for single station and remote reference magnetotelluric (Mr) data. Substantial progress was made on development, testing and comparison of optimal procedures for single station data. A principal finding of this phase of the research was that the simplest robust procedures can be more heavily biased by noise in the (input) magnetic fields, than standard least squares estimates. To deal with this difficulty we developed a robust processing scheme which combined the regression M-estimate with coherence presorting. This hybrid approach greatly improves impedance estimates, particularly in the low signal-to-noise conditions often encountered in the dead band'' (0.1--0.0 hz). The methods, and the results of comparisons of various single station estimators are described in detail. Progress was made on developing methods for estimating static distortion parameters, and for testing hypotheses about the underlying dimensionality of the geological section.

Egbert, G.D.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

Estimating The Thermodynamics And Kinetics Of Chlorinated Hydrocarbon...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Estimating The Thermodynamics And Kinetics Of Chlorinated Hydrocarbon Degradation. Estimating The Thermodynamics And Kinetics Of Chlorinated Hydrocarbon Degradation. Abstract: Many...

249

A maximum entropy-least squares estimator for elastic origin-destination trip matrix estimation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A maximum entropy-least squares estimator for elastic origin- destination trip matrix estimation propose a combined maximum entropy-least squares (ME-LS) estimator, by which O- D flows are distributed-destination trip table; elastic demand; maximum entropy; least squares; subnetwork analysis; convex combination

Kockelman, Kara M.

250

Microsoft Word - figure_03.doc  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Survey of Domestic Oil and Gas Reserves"; LCI; Ventyx; and the Bureau of Safety and Environmental Enforcement, and predecessor agencies. IN OH TN WV VA KY MD PA NY VT NH MA CT ME...

251

Figure 4. World Oil Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

4. World Oil Prices" " (2007 dollars per barrel)" ,2007,2008,2009,2010,2011,2012,2013,2014,2015,2016,2017,2018,2019,2020,2021,2022,2023,2024,2025,2026,2027,2028,2029,2030...

252

Figure 2 Collect 5 horizontally  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

storage containers, (e.g., resealable plastic containers) 5% bleach solution Aluminum foil Newspaper, Butcher or Kraft paper Rigid shipping container, (e.g., cardboard box, etc.) Frozen ice packs Packing tape

Mukhtar, Saqib

253

114 Figure 2-16  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

triangular ripples in unconsolidated pteropod shells. These form parallel to the direction of the current31.7'W. Field of view 5 x 7 meters. Shoestring rills forming in unconsolidated sediments at the head

Kidd, William S. F.

254

Cancer Facts & Figures - 2010  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarlyEnergyDepartmentNationalRestart of the Review of theOFFICEACME | NationalTbilisi08 to17 2.7 i R yAL

255

Microsoft Word - Figure_01.doc  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelines AboutDecember 2005 (Thousand9,0,InformationU.S. Crude Oil Production Outlook 1April95

256

Microsoft Word - Figure_02.doc  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelines AboutDecember 2005 (Thousand9,0,InformationU.S. Crude Oil Production Outlook 1April956

257

Microsoft Word - Figure_05.doc  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelines AboutDecember 2005 (Thousand9,0,InformationU.S. Crude Oil Production Outlook 1April956

258

Microsoft Word - Figure_06.doc  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelines AboutDecember 2005 (Thousand9,0,InformationU.S. Crude Oil Production Outlook 1April95688

259

Microsoft Word - Figure_01.doc  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia,(Million Barrels) Crude Oil Reserves in Nonproducing Reservoirs Year2per Thousand Cubic Feet) YearNortheastern 3

260

Microsoft Word - Figure_05.doc  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia,(Million Barrels) Crude Oil Reserves in Nonproducing Reservoirs Year2per Thousand Cubic Feet) YearNortheastern 314

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mfw estimates figures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Microsoft Word - figure_04.doc  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia,(Million Barrels) Crude Oil Reserves in Nonproducing Reservoirs Year2per Thousand Cubic Feet)December 2010 118511 0

262

Microsoft Word - figure_16.doc  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia,(Million Barrels) Crude Oil Reserves in Nonproducing Reservoirs Year2per Thousand Cubic Feet)December 201042

263

Microsoft Word - figure_17.doc  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia,(Million Barrels) Crude Oil Reserves in Nonproducing Reservoirs Year2per Thousand Cubic Feet)December 2010423

264

Microsoft Word - figure_18.doc  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia,(Million Barrels) Crude Oil Reserves in Nonproducing Reservoirs Year2per Thousand Cubic Feet)December 20104236 10.9

265

Microsoft Word - figure_19.doc  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia,(Million Barrels) Crude Oil Reserves in Nonproducing Reservoirs Year2per Thousand Cubic Feet)December 20104236

266

Microsoft Word - figure_20.doc  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia,(Million Barrels) Crude Oil Reserves in Nonproducing Reservoirs Year2per Thousand Cubic Feet)December 201042364 0 2

267

Microsoft Word - figure_21.doc  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia,(Million Barrels) Crude Oil Reserves in Nonproducing Reservoirs Year2per Thousand Cubic Feet)December 201042364 0

268

Microsoft Word - figure_22.doc  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia,(Million Barrels) Crude Oil Reserves in Nonproducing Reservoirs Year2per Thousand Cubic Feet)December 201042364 08

269

Microsoft Word - figure_23.doc  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia,(Million Barrels) Crude Oil Reserves in Nonproducing Reservoirs Year2per Thousand Cubic Feet)December 201042364 08

270

Microsoft Word - figure_24.doc  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia,(Million Barrels) Crude Oil Reserves in Nonproducing Reservoirs Year2per Thousand Cubic Feet)December 201042364 080

271

Microsoft Word - figure_25.doc  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia,(Million Barrels) Crude Oil Reserves in Nonproducing Reservoirs Year2per Thousand Cubic Feet)December 201042364 080

272

Microsoft Word - figure_99.doc  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia,(Million Barrels) Crude Oil Reserves in Nonproducing Reservoirs Year2per Thousand Cubic Feet)December 201042364

273

Figure 1. Nonhydroelectric renewable generation  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1. Nonhydroelectric renewable generation" " (billion kilowatthours)" ,2007,2008,2009,2010,2011,2012,2013,2014,2015,2016,2017,2018,2019,2020,2021,2022,2023,2024,2025,2026,2027,2028,...

274

Supplementary Figure 1 Analysis Modalities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the dataset being analyzed is depicted by the dark color. Global Analysis. The entire dataset is analyzed wide user base. First, users can access the web application from our own web servers, which are running.IOBIO uses the MIT License. Implementation Details BAM.IOBIO is a Javascript and HTML web application using

Cai, Long

275

Figure2b.eps  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsing ZirconiaPolicyFeasibilityField Office Programs forDecember 5Information

276

Microsoft Word - figure_03.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"Click worksheet9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,,781 2,328 2,683DieselValuesEIA-782A and EIA-782B:0 U.S. Energy

277

D&D Waste Estimate Validation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Rocky Flats Closure Project (Site) includes several multi-year decontamination and decommissioning (D&D) projects which, over the next four years, will dismantle and demolish four major plutonium facilities, four major uranium facilities, and over 400 additional facilities of different types. The projects are currently generating large quantities of transuranic, low-level, mixed, hazardous, and sanitary wastes. A previous paper described the initial conceptual estimates and methods, and the evolution of these methods based on the actual results from the decommissioning of a ''pilot'' facility. The waste estimating method that resulted from that work was used for the waste estimates incorporated into the current Site baseline. This paper discusses subsequent developments on the topic of waste estimating that have occurred since the baseline work. After several months of operation under the current Site baseline, an effort was initiated to either validate or identify improvements to the waste basis-of-estimate. Specific estimate and estimating method elements were identified for additional analysis based on the element's potential for error and the impact of that error on Site activities. The analysis took advantage of actual, more detailed data collected both from three years additional experience in decommissioning a second plutonium facility and from experience in deactivating certain non-plutonium facilities. It compared the actual transuranic and low-level waste generation against their respective estimates based on overall distribution and for individual media (i.e. equipment type), and evaluated trends. Finally, it projected the quantity of lead-characteristic low-level mixed waste that will be generated from plutonium building decommissioning and upgraded the decommissioning waste estimates of the non-plutonium buildings.

Sanford, P. C.; Templeton, J. H.; Stevens, J. L.; Dorr, K.

2002-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

278

State energy data report 1993: Consumption estimates  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The State Energy Data Report (SEDR) provides annual time series estimates of State-level energy consumption by major economic sector. The estimates are developed in the State Energy Data System (SEDS), which is maintained and operated by the Energy Information Administration (EIA). The goal in maintaining SEDS is to create historical time series of energy consumption by State that are defined as consistently as possible over time and across sectors. SEDS exists for two principal reasons: (1) to provide State energy consumption estimates to Members of Congress, Federal and State agencies, and the general public; and (2) to provide the historical series necessary for EIA`s energy models.

NONE

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

State energy data report 1995 - consumption estimates  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The State Energy Data Report (SEDR) provides annual time series estimates of State-level energy consumption by major economic sectors. The estimates are developed in the State Energy Data System (SEDS), which is maintained and operated by the Energy Information Administration (EIA). The goal in maintaining SEDS exists for two principal reasons: (1) to provide State energy consumption estimates to Members of Congress, Federal and State agencies, and the general public, and (2) to provide the historical series necessary for EIA`s energy models.

NONE

1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Parallel State Estimation Assessment with Practical Data  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper presents a full-cycle parallel state estimation (PSE) implementation using a preconditioned conjugate gradient algorithm. The developed code is able to solve large-size power system state estimation within 5 seconds using real-world data, comparable to the Supervisory Control And Data Acquisition (SCADA) rate. This achievement allows the operators to know the system status much faster to help improve grid reliability. Case study results of the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) system with real measurements are presented. The benefits of fast state estimation are also discussed.

Chen, Yousu; Jin, Shuangshuang; Rice, Mark J.; Huang, Zhenyu

2014-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mfw estimates figures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

A priori estimates for relativistic liquid bodies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We demonstrate that a sufficiently smooth solution of the relativistic Euler equations that represents a dynamical compact liquid body, when expressed in Lagrangian coordinates, determines a solution to a system of non-linear wave equations with acoustic boundary conditions. Using this wave formulation, we prove that these solutions satisfy energy estimates without loss of derivatives. Importantly, our wave formulation does not require the liquid to be irrotational, and the energy estimates do not rely on divergence and curl type estimates employed in previous works.

Oliynyk, Todd A

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

State Energy Data Report, 1991: Consumption estimates  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The State Energy Data Report (SEDR) provides annual time series estimates of State-level energy consumption by major economic sector. The estimates are developed in the State Energy Data System (SEDS), which is maintained and operated by the Energy Information Administration (EIA). The goal in maintaining SEDS is to create historical time series of energy consumption by State that are defined as consistently as possible over time and across sectors. SEDS exists for two principal reasons: (1) to provide State energy consumption estimates to the Government, policy makers, and the public; and (2) to provide the historical series necessary for EIA`s energy models.

Not Available

1993-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Updating MIT's cost estimation model for shipbuilding  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis project will update the MIT ship cost estimation model by combining the two existing models (the Basic Military Training School (BMTS) Cost Model and the MIT Math Model) in order to develop a program that can ...

Smith, Matthew B., Lieutenant, junior grade

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Budget estimates, fiscal year 1997. Volume 12  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report contains the fiscal year budget justification to Congress. The budget provides estimates for salaries and expenses and for the Office of the Inspector General for fiscal year 1997.

NONE

1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Parameter estimation in ordinary differential equations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The parameter estimation problem or the inverse problem of ordinary differential equations is prevalent in many process models in chemistry, molecular biology, control system design and many other engineering applications. It concerns the re...

Ng, Chee Loong

2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

286

A simple method to estimate interwell autocorrelation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The estimation of autocorrelation in the lateral or interwell direction is important when performing reservoir characterization studies using stochastic modeling. This paper presents a new method to estimate the interwell autocorrelation based on parameters, such as the vertical range and the variance, that can be estimated with commonly available data. We used synthetic fields that were generated from stochastic simulations to provide data to construct the estimation charts. These charts relate the ratio of areal to vertical variance and the autocorrelation range (expressed variously) in two directions. Three different semivariogram models were considered: spherical, exponential and truncated fractal. The overall procedure is demonstrated using field data. We find that the approach gives the most self-consistent results when it is applied to previously identified facies. Moreover, the autocorrelation trends follow the depositional pattern of the reservoir, which gives confidence in the validity of the approach.

Pizarro, J.O.S.; Lake, L.W. [Univ. of Texas, Austin, TX (United States)

1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Statistical Risk Estimation for Communication System Design  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

May 2012 SSL # 6-12 #12;#12;Statistical Risk Estimation for Communication System Design Alessandra Babuscia, David W. Miller May 2012 SSL # 6-12 This work is based on the unaltered text of the thesis

288

Distributed Robust Power System State Estimation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Deregulation of energy markets, penetration of renewables, advanced metering capabilities, and the urge for situational awareness, all call for system-wide power system state estimation (PSSE). Implementing a centralized estimator though is practically infeasible due to the complexity scale of an interconnection, the communication bottleneck in real-time monitoring, regional disclosure policies, and reliability issues. In this context, distributed PSSE methods are treated here under a unified and systematic framework. A novel algorithm is developed based on the alternating direction method of multipliers. It leverages existing PSSE solvers, respects privacy policies, exhibits low communication load, and its convergence to the centralized estimates is guaranteed even in the absence of local observability. Beyond the conventional least-squares based PSSE, the decentralized framework accommodates a robust state estimator. By exploiting interesting links to the compressive sampling advances, the latter jointly es...

Kekatos, Vassilis

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Estimating uncertainties in integrated reservoir studies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

To make sound investment decisions, decision makers need accurate estimates of the uncertainties present in forecasts of reservoir performance. In this work I propose a method, the integrated mismatch method, that incorporates the misfit...

Zhang, Guohong

2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

290

Nonparametric estimation of multiple structures with outliers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nonparametric estimation of multiple structures with outliers Wei Zhang and Jana Kosecka George outliers (pseudo outliers) to it in addition to the true outliers (gross outliers). The problem of robust

Kosecka, Jana

291

Fracture compliance estimation using borehole tube waves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We tested two models, one for tube-wave generation and the other for tube-wave attenuation at a fracture intersecting a borehole that can be used to estimate fracture compliance, fracture aperture, and lateral extent. In ...

Bakku, Sudhish Kumar

292

Buildings GHG Mitigation Estimator Worksheet, Version 1  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Xcel document describes Version 1 of the the Buildings GHG Mitigation Estimator tool. This tool assists federal agencies in estimating the greenhouse gas mitigation reduction from implementing energy efficiency measures across a portfolio of buildings. It is designed to be applied to groups of office buildings, for example, at a program level (regional or site) that can be summarized at the agency level. While the default savings and cost estimates apply to office buildings, users can define their own efficiency measures, costs, and savings estimates for inclusion in the portfolio assessment. More information on user-defined measures can be found in Step 2 of the buildings emission reduction guidance. The output of this tool is a prioritized set of activities that can help the agency to achieve its greenhouse gas reduction targets most cost-effectively.

293

Risk Bounds for Mixture Density Estimation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper we focus on the problem of estimating a bounded density using a finite combination of densities from a given class. We consider the Maximum Likelihood Procedure (MLE) and the greedy procedure described by ...

Rakhlin, Alexander

2004-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

294

REPORT NO. 4 ESTIMATES AND EVALUATION OF  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ESTIMATES AND EVALUATION OF FALLOUT IN THE UNITED STATES FROM NUCLEAR WEAPONS TESTING CONDUCTED THROUGH 1962 Section II History of Nuclear Weapons Testing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Section III Atmospheric, "Health Implications of Fallout From Nuclear Weapons Testing Through 1961", May 1962

295

ESTIMATION OF AIRFLOW IN LIVESTOCK BUILDINGS USING  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Analysis, Optical Flow Estimation, Room Airflow. 1. INTRODUCTION At the National Institute of Agricultural in a laser-illuminated plane may be visu- alized. Based on the recording of a sequence of images (a film

296

Data Fusion for Improved Respiration Rate Estimation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present an application of a modified Kalman-Filter (KF) framework for data fusion to the estimation of respiratory rate from multiple physiological sources which is robust to background noise. A novel index of the ...

Nemati, Shamim

297

Estimating a mixed strategy employing maximum entropy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MIXED STRATEGY EMPLOYING MAXIMUM ENTROPY by Amos Golan LarryMixed Strategy Employing Maximum Entropy Amos Golan Larry S.Abstract Generalized maximum entropy may be used to estimate

Golan, Amos; Karp, Larry; Perloff, Jeffrey M.

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

gtp_flow_power_estimator.xlsx  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This simple spreadsheet model estimates either the flow rate required to produce a specified level of power output, or the power output that can be produced from a specified flow rate.

299

Sub-Second Parallel State Estimation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report describes the performance of Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) sub-second parallel state estimation (PSE) tool using the utility data from the Bonneville Power Administrative (BPA) and discusses the benefits of the fast computational speed for power system applications. The test data were provided by BPA. They are two-days worth of hourly snapshots that include power system data and measurement sets in a commercial tool format. These data are extracted out from the commercial tool box and fed into the PSE tool. With the help of advanced solvers, the PSE tool is able to solve each BPA hourly state estimation problem within one second, which is more than 10 times faster than todays commercial tool. This improved computational performance can help increase the reliability value of state estimation in many aspects: (1) the shorter the time required for execution of state estimation, the more time remains for operators to take appropriate actions, and/or to apply automatic or manual corrective control actions. This increases the chances of arresting or mitigating the impact of cascading failures; (2) the SE can be executed multiple times within time allowance. Therefore, the robustness of SE can be enhanced by repeating the execution of the SE with adaptive adjustments, including removing bad data and/or adjusting different initial conditions to compute a better estimate within the same time as a traditional state estimators single estimate. There are other benefits with the sub-second SE, such as that the PSE results can potentially be used in local and/or wide-area automatic corrective control actions that are currently dependent on raw measurements to minimize the impact of bad measurements, and provides opportunities to enhance the power grid reliability and efficiency. PSE also can enable other advanced tools that rely on SE outputs and could be used to further improve operators actions and automated controls to mitigate effects of severe events on the grid. The power grid continues to grow and the number of measurements is increasing at an accelerated rate due to the variety of smart grid devices being introduced. A parallel state estimation implementation will have better performance than traditional, sequential state estimation by utilizing the power of high performance computing (HPC). This increased performance positions parallel state estimators as valuable tools for operating the increasingly more complex power grid.

Chen, Yousu; Rice, Mark J.; Glaesemann, Kurt R.; Wang, Shaobu; Huang, Zhenyu

2014-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

300

Oil reservoir properties estimation using neural networks  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper investigates the applicability as well as the accuracy of artificial neural networks for estimating specific parameters that describe reservoir properties based on seismic data. This approach relies on JPL`s adjoint operators general purpose neural network code to determine the best suited architecture. The authors believe that results presented in this work demonstrate that artificial neural networks produce surprisingly accurate estimates of the reservoir parameters.

Toomarian, N.B. [California Inst. of Tech., Pasadena, CA (United States); Barhen, J.; Glover, C.W. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States). Center for Engineering Systems Advanced Research; Aminzadeh, F. [UNOCAL Corp., Sugarland, TX (United States)

1997-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mfw estimates figures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Lognormal parameter estimation with censored data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

[1966] reopened. the case for maximum-likcli- hooc. by exploring iterative echniques i'or the solutions to the maxim~. -likelihood equst, iona for truncated ani ccrsored samples. Tney noted. th. t although the local-msximim-likelihood estimates were... of expected biases for given parsmete. values. In addition, a +echnique is developed for the elimination oi' the bias in the maximum-likelihood estimators for a mu'tiparameter case. The latter two problem- have not pre- viously been discussed...

Zeis, Charles David

1970-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Estimates of US biomass energy consumption 1992  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report is the seventh in a series of publications developed by the Energy Information Administration (EIA) to quantify the biomass-derived primary energy used by the US economy. It presents estimates of 1991 and 1992 consumption. The objective of this report is to provide updated estimates of biomass energy consumption for use by Congress, Federal and State agencies, biomass producers and end-use sectors, and the public at large.

Not Available

1994-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

303

On Quantum Channel Estimation with Minimal Resources  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We determine the minimal experimental resources that ensure a unique solution in the estimation of trace-preserving quantum channels with both direct and convex optimization methods. A convenient parametrization of the constrained set is used to develop a globally converging Newton-type algorithm that ensures a physically admissible solution to the problem. Numerical simulations are provided to support the results, and indicate that the minimal experimental setting is sufficient to guarantee good estimates.

M. Zorzi; F. Ticozzi; A. Ferrante

2011-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

304

Guidelines for Estimating Unmetered Industrial Water Use  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The document provides a methodology to estimate unmetered industrial water use for evaporative cooling systems, steam generating boiler systems, batch process applications, and wash systems. For each category standard mathematical relationships are summarized and provided in a single resource to assist Federal agencies in developing an initial estimate of their industrial water use. The approach incorporates industry norms, general rules of thumb, and industry survey information to provide methodologies for each section.

Boyd, Brian K.

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Quantum risk-sensitive estimation and robustness  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper studies a quantum risk-sensitive estimation problem and investigates robustness properties of the filter. This is a direct extension to the quantum case of analogous classical results. All investigations are based on a discrete approximation model of the quantum system under consideration. This allows us to study the problem in a simple mathematical setting. We close the paper with some examples that demonstrate the robustness of the risk-sensitive estimator.

Naoki Yamamoto; Luc Bouten

2008-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

306

Fluids Mechanics -1 Consider a circular plate of outer radius Ro (a portion of which is shown in the figure). A fluid filled gap of thickness h(t)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fluids Mechanics - 1 Consider a circular plate of outer radius Ro (a portion of which is shown in the figure). A fluid filled gap of thickness h(t) exists between the bottom of the plate and the flat surface that the fluid filling the gap is incompressible, inviscid and its motion is irrotational. Also assume the radial

Virginia Tech

307

2001 Geological Society of America. For permission to copy, contact Copyright Clearance Center at www.copyright.com or (978) 750-8400. Geology; October 2001; v. 29; no. 10; p. 919922; 4 figures. 919  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

transport processes in geology (e.g., accumulation of melt, oil, and gas). Keywords: fluids, magma2001 Geological Society of America. For permission to copy, contact Copyright Clearance Center at www.copyright.com or (978) 750-8400. Geology; October 2001; v. 29; no. 10; p. 919922; 4 figures. 919

van Milligen, Boudewijn

308

Figure S1. Growth of the wild-type and agr mutant over time. This includes the 48 h data point shown in Fig. 1a. We grew the wild-type() and agr mutant() in  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Figure S1. Growth of the wild-type and agr mutant over time. This includes the 48 h data point shown in Fig. 1a. We grew the wild-type() and agr mutant() in waxmoths for 48 h, in single and mixed infections. When grown as monocultures in hosts, the QS wild-type grew to higher densities than the agr

West, Stuart

309

Do you know where your money goes each month? The following will help to figure your monthly spending. 1. List all the money you owe credit cards, loans, money you borrowed from family and friends, collection ac-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Do you know where your money goes each month? The following will help to figure your monthly spending. 1. List all the money you owe ­ credit cards, loans, money you borrowed from family and friends be less than or equal to income (Lesson 6). The first chart is for money you owe. The second is for income

Liskiewicz, Maciej

310

Machine Design -2 The figure below shows a picture of the splined end of a failed half-shaft. The fatigue failure occurred at the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and resists the braking torque on deceleration. The acceleration and braking torques act in opposite directions, the braking torque will be taken as positive since it is the larger torque. The acceleration torque is measured accurately, Tmin = -411.6 in-lbf. The braking torque is loosely estimated as Tmax

Virginia Tech

311

Estimates of incremental oil recoverable by carbon dioxide flooding and related carbon dioxide supply requirements for flooding major carbonate reservoirs in the Permian, Williston, and other Rocky Mountain basins  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objective of the work was to build a solid engineering foundation (in) carbonate reservoirs for the purpose of extending the technology base in carbon dioxide miscible flooding. This report presents estimates of incremental oil recovery and related carbon dioxide supply requirements for selected carbonate reservoirs in the Permian, Williston, and Rocky Mountain Basins. The estimates presented here are based on calculations using a volumetric model derived and described in this report. The calculations utilized data developed in previous work. Calculations were made for a total of 279 reservoirs in the Permian, Williston, and several smaller Rocky Mountain Basins. Results show that the carbonate reservoirs of the Permian Basin constitute an order of magnitude larger target for carbon dioxide flooding than do all the carbonate reservoirs of the Williston and Rocky Mountain intermontane basins combined. Review of the calculated data in comparison with information from earlier work indicates that the figures given here are probably optimistic in that incremental oil volumes may be biased toward the high side while carbon dioxide supply requirements may be biased toward the low side. However, the information available would not permit further practical refinement of the calculations. Use of the incremental oil figures given for individual reservoirs as an official estimate is not recommended because of various uncertainties in individual field data. Further study and compilation of data for field projects as they develop appears warranted to better calibrate the calculation procedures and thus to develop more refined estimates of incremental oil potential and carbon dioxide supply requirements. 11 figures, 16 tables.

Goodrich, J.H.

1982-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Leakage estimation of incompressible fluids in stepped labyrinth seals  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NO ROTATION . 2 . 22 . 1S CLEARANCE/PITCH FIGURE 7. Flow Coefficient vs. Clearance/Pitch for Two Different Straight-throrgh Labyrinth Seals. 16 YAMADA [13 ] STRAIGHT-THROUGH LABYRINTH SEALS. 10 THROTTLES PITCH. = 0. 787 IN. TOOTH HEIGHT = 0. 197 IN... through 22. As indicated in Figures 14 ano 18 hrough 22, the flow coefficient initially decreased as the shaft speed wen. from ze o to 2000 rpm. Then he flow coefficient increased with increasing rpm, when the axial location was 1. 0. As the shaft...

Chi, Daesung

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Impact of PMU Technology in State Estimation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recent blackouts and the need to manage larger and larger power systems closer to their stability limits are driving electricity utilities to deploy synchronized phasor measurements (PMU) for wide area monitoring and control. At the same time, modern TSOs need accurate, fast and reliable estimation of their networks' real-time conditions. State Estimator (SE), a fundamental function in dispatching control centers, is expected to perform reliably around the clock since it provides the foundation for subsequent critical security analyses, market revenue calculations, etc. PMU technology provides accurate, satellite-synchronized measurements of both magnitude and angle, which naturally fit in the SE algorithm and enhance its robustness and the quality of the results. This paper presents current results of ongoing experiences with electric utilities on the usage of PMU data in state estimation. It focuses on practical implementation aspects, such as data communication and interfacing to the control center EMS, metrics for evaluation of State Estimator results and improvements in state estimation behavior and results thanks to PMU data.

Avila-Rosales, Rene [AREVA T& D; Rice, Mark [AREVA T& D; Lopez, Rafael [AREVA T& D; Beard, Lisa [Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA); Mathur, Tanya [Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA); Galvan, Floyd [Entergy; Gupta, Vinit [Entergy; James, Lambert [Manitoba Hydro; Graffy, James [Bonneville Power Administration (BPA); Papic, Milorad [Idaho Power Company

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

State energy data report 1996: Consumption estimates  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The State Energy Data Report (SEDR) provides annual time series estimates of State-level energy consumption by major economic sectors. The estimates are developed in the Combined State Energy Data System (CSEDS), which is maintained and operated by the Energy Information Administration (EIA). The goal in maintaining CSEDS is to create historical time series of energy consumption by State that are defined as consistently as possible over time and across sectors. CSEDS exists for two principal reasons: (1) to provide State energy consumption estimates to Members of Congress, Federal and State agencies, and the general public and (2) to provide the historical series necessary for EIA`s energy models. To the degree possible, energy consumption has been assigned to five sectors: residential, commercial, industrial, transportation, and electric utility sectors. Fuels covered are coal, natural gas, petroleum, nuclear electric power, hydroelectric power, biomass, and other, defined as electric power generated from geothermal, wind, photovoltaic, and solar thermal energy. 322 tabs.

NONE

1999-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Estimating exposure of terrestrial wildlife to contaminants  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report describes generalized models for the estimation of contaminant exposure experienced by wildlife on the Oak Ridge Reservation. The primary exposure pathway considered is oral ingestion, e.g. the consumption of contaminated food, water, or soil. Exposure through dermal absorption and inhalation are special cases and are not considered hereIN. Because wildlife mobile and generally consume diverse diets and because environmental contamination is not spatial homogeneous, factors to account for variation in diet, movement, and contaminant distribution have been incorporated into the models. To facilitate the use and application of the models, life history parameters necessary to estimate exposure are summarized for 15 common wildlife species. Finally, to display the application of the models, exposure estimates were calculated for four species using data from a source operable unit on the Oak Ridge Reservation.

Sample, B.E.; Suter, G.W. II

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

Augmenting Satellite Precipitation Estimation with Lightning Information  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have used lightning information to augment the Precipitation Estimation from Remotely Sensed Imagery using an Artificial Neural Network - Cloud Classification System (PERSIANN-CCS). Co-located lightning data are used to segregate cloud patches, segmented from GOES-12 infrared data, into either electrified (EL) or non-electrified (NEL) patches. A set of features is extracted separately for the EL and NEL cloud patches. The features for the EL cloud patches include new features based on the lightning information. The cloud patches are classified and clustered using self-organizing maps (SOM). Then brightness temperature and rain rate (T-R) relationships are derived for the different clusters. Rain rates are estimated for the cloud patches based on their representative T-R relationship. The Equitable Threat Score (ETS) for daily precipitation estimates is improved by almost 12% for the winter season. In the summer, no significant improvements in ETS are noted.

Mahrooghy, Majid [Mississippi State University (MSU); Anantharaj, Valentine G [ORNL; Younan, Nicolas H. [Mississippi State University (MSU); Petersen, Walter A. [NASA Marshall Space Flight Center, Huntsville, AL; Hsu, Kuo-Lin [University of California, Irvine; Behrangi, Ali [Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, CA; Aanstoos, James [Mississippi State University (MSU)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Quantum limits to estimation of photon deformation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We address potential deviations of radiation field from the bosonic behaviour and employ local quantum estimation theory to evaluate the ultimate bounds to precision in the estimation of these deviations using quantum-limited measurements on optical signals. We consider different classes of boson deformation and found that intensity measurement on coherent or thermal states would be suitable for their detection making, at least in principle, tests of boson deformation feasible with current quantum optical technology. On the other hand, we found that the quantum signal-to-noise ratio (QSNR) is vanishing with the deformation itself for all the considered classes of deformations and probe signals, thus making any estimation procedure of photon deformation inherently inefficient. A partial way out is provided by the polynomial dependence of the QSNR on the average number of photon, which suggests that, in principle, it would be possible to detect deformation by intensity measurements on high-energy thermal states.

Giovanni De Cillis; Matteo G. A. Paris

2014-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

318

Estimating vehicle height using homographic projections  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Multiple homography transformations corresponding to different heights are generated in the field of view. A group of salient points within a common estimated height range is identified in a time series of video images of a moving object. Inter-salient point distances are measured for the group of salient points under the multiple homography transformations corresponding to the different heights. Variations in the inter-salient point distances under the multiple homography transformations are compared. The height of the group of salient points is estimated to be the height corresponding to the homography transformation that minimizes the variations.

Cunningham, Mark F; Fabris, Lorenzo; Gee, Timothy F; Ghebretati, Jr., Frezghi H; Goddard, James S; Karnowski, Thomas P; Ziock, Klaus-peter

2013-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

319

Process Equipment Cost Estimation, Final Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report presents generic cost curves for several equipment types generated using ICARUS Process Evaluator. The curves give Purchased Equipment Cost as a function of a capacity variable. This work was performed to assist NETL engineers and scientists in performing rapid, order of magnitude level cost estimates or as an aid in evaluating the reasonableness of cost estimates submitted with proposed systems studies or proposals for new processes. The specific equipment types contained in this report were selected to represent a relatively comprehensive set of conventional chemical process equipment types.

H.P. Loh; Jennifer Lyons; Charles W. White, III

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Performance estimates for personnel access control systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Current performance estimates for personnel access control systems use estimates of Type I and Type II verification errors. A system performance equation which addresses normal operation, the insider, and outside adversary attack is developed. Examination of this equation reveals the inadequacy of classical Type I and II error evaluations which require detailed knowledge of the adversary threat scenario for each specific installation. Consequently, new performance measures which are consistent with the performance equation and independent of the threat are developed as an aid in selecting personnel access control systems.

Bradley, R. G.

1980-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mfw estimates figures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Property:EstimatedTime | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revisionEnvReviewNonInvasiveExploration Jump to: navigation, search PropertyEstimatedCostLowUSD JumpEstimatedTime

322

Estimates of US biofuels consumption, 1990  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report is the sixth in the series of publications developed by the Energy Information Administration to quantify the amount of biofuel-derived primary energy used by the US economy. It provides preliminary estimates of 1990 US biofuels energy consumption by sector and by biofuels energy resource type. The objective of this report is to provide updated annual estimates of biofuels energy consumption for use by congress, federal and state agencies, and other groups involved in activities related to the use of biofuels. 5 figs., 10 tabs.

Not Available

1991-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

PDE Estimation Techniques for Advanced Battery Management Systems -Part I: SOC Estimation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- cles and renewable energy resources is battery energy storage. Advanced battery systems representPDE Estimation Techniques for Advanced Battery Management Systems - Part I: SOC Estimation S. J sensing and actuation exists to monitor and control the internal state of these systems. As such, battery

Krstic, Miroslav

324

Estimating Biomass Burnt and CarbonEstimating Biomass Burnt and Carbon Emissions from Large Wildfires  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Estimating Biomass Burnt and CarbonEstimating Biomass Burnt and Carbon Emissions from Large: Global Biomass Burning & Carbon Emissions Standard Emissions Inventories: Burned Area & GFED recently daily. Fire occurrenceoccurrence Roy et al.Roy et al. Carbon emissions (C) = burned area . fuel

325

Accurate estimators and optimizers for networks-on-chip  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

num- ber of ports increase router energy efficiency. On theshows the energy-per-bit as a function of n port , n vc ,0.00E+00 fw n port t n VC Figure 4.15: Router energy-per-bit

Samadi, Kambiz

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Estimating Hurricane Outage and Damage Risk in Power Distribution System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

curve and posterior fragility curve for Southern Pine, 12.47 kV distribution line ................................................................................. 79 Figure 7.9 Mean fraction failed of poles for 3 Hurricanes, prior fragility curve... Linear Models .................................................................. 4 2.2 Generalized Additive Models............................................................... 5 2.3 Model Fitting and Measuring Goodness of Fit...

Han, Seung Ryong

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

327

adjust efficacy estimates: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Entropy Estimation Vincent Q. Vu Mathematics Websites Summary: -likelihood, the Good-Turing coverage estimate and the total probability of unobserved words converge at rate OP...

328

Estimating the Wind Resource in Uttarakhand: Comparison of Dynamic...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Estimating the Wind Resource in Uttarakhand: Comparison of Dynamic Downscaling with Doppler Lidar Wind Measurements Estimating the Wind Resource in Uttarakhand: Comparison of...

329

Precise attention filters for Weber contrast derived from centroid estimations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Precise attention filters for Weber contrast derived from centroid estimations Department attention filters for Weber contrast derived from centroid estimations. Journal of Vision, 10(10):20, 1

Sperling, George

330

INDEPENDENT COST REVIEW (ICR) and INDEPENDENT COST ESTIMATE ...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

INDEPENDENT COST REVIEW (ICR) and INDEPENDENT COST ESTIMATE (ICE) Standard Operating Procedures INDEPENDENT COST REVIEW (ICR) and INDEPENDENT COST ESTIMATE (ICE) Standard Operating...

331

Mass Production Cost Estimation of Direct Hydrogen PEM Fuel Cell...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Mass Production Cost Estimation of Direct Hydrogen PEM Fuel Cell Systems for Transportation Applications: 2012 Update Mass Production Cost Estimation of Direct Hydrogen PEM Fuel...

332

Direct Hydrogen PEMFC Manufacturing Cost Estimation for Automotive...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Direct Hydrogen PEMFC Manufacturing Cost Estimation for Automotive Applications: Fuel Cell Tech Team Review Direct Hydrogen PEMFC Manufacturing Cost Estimation for Automotive...

333

A Method for Estimating Undiscovered Geothermal Resources in...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

was estimated using digital maps of geothermal wells, temperature gradient holes, oil wells, water wells, and depth to the water table. The resulting resource estimate does...

334

Reassessing Wind Potential Estimates for India: Economic and Policy Implications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Estimates for India: Economic and Policy Implications AmolEstimates for India: Economic and Policy Implications Amolpolicies, and programs, wind energy can be a core component of India

Phadke, Amol

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Estimating the Value of Electricity Storage Resources in Electricity...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Estimating the Value of Electricity Storage Resources in Electricity Markets - EAC 2011 Estimating the Value of Electricity Storage Resources in Electricity Markets - EAC 2011 The...

336

Check Estimates and Independent Costs - DOE Directives, Delegations...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

estimates and their procedures and various types of independent cost estimates. g4301-1chp13.pdf -- PDF Document, 33 KB Writer: John Makepeace Subjects: Administration Management...

337

Types of Cost Estimates - DOE Directives, Delegations, and Requirement...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

CURRENT DOE G 430.1-1 Chp 4, Types of Cost Estimates by John Makepeace Functional areas: Procurement, Project Management The chapter describes the estimates required on...

338

Hydrogen Supply: Cost Estimate for Hydrogen Pathways-Scoping...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Supply: Cost Estimate for Hydrogen Pathways-Scoping Analysis. January 22, 2002-July 22, 2002 Hydrogen Supply: Cost Estimate for Hydrogen Pathways-Scoping Analysis. January 22,...

339

Surface figure and roughness tolerances for NIF optics and the interpretation of the gradient, P-V wavefront and RMS specifications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In a high energy laser system such as the National Ignition Facility (NIF), the ability to focus light into as small a spot as possible at the highest possible fluence is highly dependent on the quality of the optics used in the system. Typically, surface form errors and transmitted and reflected wavefront errors are specified in terms of a peak-to-valley wavefront error (P-V), or occasionally in terms of an RMS wavefront error (RMS) 1 . It has been shown, however, that the parameter that most closely correlates with beam focusability is neither of these, but the RMS of the gradients of the wavefront error (RMS Gradient). Further, the spatial frequency of the wavefront error plays a significant role in the way that a given error effects the performance of the laser system, so careful attention must be paid to how the spatial filtering is both specified and accomplished. Since ISO 10110 has no specific provisions for a gradient specification, LLNL has developed its own notation and procedures for these critical specifications. In evaluating surface figure errors as specified by the NIF drawings, modern phase modulating interferometers (PMI) will be used. In addition to performing QA testing of the optics, LLNL intends to utilize the software capabilities of the instruments to obtain the information to model the wavefront of the 131 passes through various optical elements comprising the NIF front end. Tests will be performed and documented after coating and as installed in the specified mechanical mounts. This paper describes the evaluation of the wavefront error for NIF small optics including specifications over a given spatial period callout, the proper low pass filtering of the data and the allowable filtering and settings that can be applied to obtain proper wavefront data. This paper also describes the origin and evolution of other NIF wavefront and roughness specifications, and gives examples. Since the wavefront requirements and hence the specifications vary for the different systems in the NIF, we will focus on one system, the injection laser system (ILS) or ''front end''. Also discussed will be the metrology and data manipulation requirements for the large aperture optics. Finally, clarification will be given to the differences between various versions of the RMS wavefront and roughness specifications allowed in ISO 10110, and how they contrast to the RMS roughness specifications used in ANSI-Y14.5.

Aikens, D M; English, R E; House, W; Lawson, J K; Nichols, M A; Whistler, W T

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

Estimating density of Florida Key deer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for this species since 1968; however, a need to evaluate the precision of existing and alternative survey methods (i.e., road counts, mark-recapture, infrared-triggered cameras [ITC]) was desired by USFWS. I evaluated density estimates from unbaited ITCs and road...

Roberts, Clay Walton

2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mfw estimates figures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Research Summary Estimating Woodfuel Resource Cost Curves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Research Summary Estimating Woodfuel Resource Cost Curves As a renewable energy source, woodfuel and extraction methods. Background Just under half of the final energy consumed in the UK (49%) is in the form working slope for the chosen type of machinery) and soil conditions (risk of soil damage). Note

342

Ensemble Forecast of Analyses With Uncertainty Estimation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ensemble Forecast of Analyses With Uncertainty Estimation Vivien Mallet1,2, Gilles Stoltz3 2012 Mallet, Stoltz, Zhuk, Nakonechniy Ensemble Forecast of Analyses November 2012 1 / 14 hal-00947755,version1-21Feb2014 #12;Objective To produce the best forecast of a model state using a data assimilation

Boyer, Edmond

343

SWOT Satellite Mission: Combined State Parameter Estimation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

river basins LISFLOOD-FP, a raster- based inundation model Based on a 1-D kinematic wave equation, 27 February 2008 #12;2 Outline Surface Water Ocean Topography (SWOT) satellite mission The state-parameter estimation problem Data assimilation experiments ­ Water depth ­ Discharge ­ Channel width ­ Roughness

Washington at Seattle, University of

344

Modeling and Parameter Estimation of Interpenetrating  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Modeling and Parameter Estimation of Interpenetrating Polymer Network ProcessPolymer Network, PA 15213 #12;Interpenetrating Polymer Network Processp g y Monomer Initiator P l i ti tPolymerization reactor Seed particle Monomer droplet Aqueous mediaq Seed Polymer A Monomer B Seed Polymer A 2Fig 1. Seed

Grossmann, Ignacio E.

345

Retrofit Energy Savings Estimation Model Reference Manual  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Retrofit Energy Savings Estimation Model Reference Manual #12;#12;Retrofit Energy Savings commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise, does from the Department of Energy. Any conclusions or opinions expressed in this manual represent solely

346

Machine Learning ! ! ! ! ! Srihari Parameter Estimation for  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

· Bayesian Approach ­Thumbtack vs Coin Toss · Uniform Prior vs Beta Prior ­Multinomial · Dirichlet Prior 2 · Statistical estimation theory deals with Confidence Intervals ­E.g., in election polls 61 + 2 percent plan

347

Capacitary estimates and the local behavior of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

... in virtue of (3.11), (3.12) the estimate (3.6) continues to hold. Namely, for every U R n there exist. C,R0 >0 such that. C Q(x)jB(x,r)j jB(x, r)j C 1 QjB(x,r)j,. (3.13).

1996-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

348

PARAMETER ESTIMATION IN PETROLEUM AND GROUNDWATER MODELING  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on grand challenge problems. In today's petroleum industry, reservoir simulators are routinely usedPARAMETER ESTIMATION IN PETROLEUM AND GROUNDWATER MODELING R.E. Ewing, M.S. Pilant, J.G. Wade in the model, the numerical discretization used, and the solution algorithms employed. Parameter identification

Ewing, Richard E.

349

ESTIMATING COMPLEMENTARITY BETWEEN EDUCATION AND TRAINING  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ESTIMATING COMPLEMENTARITY BETWEEN EDUCATION AND TRAINING Christian BELZIL Jørgen HANSEN Nicolai BETWEEN EDUCATION AND TRAINING* Christian BELZIL1 Jørgen HANSEN2 Nicolai KRISTENSEN3 November 2008 Cahier-schooling training that explicitly allows for possible complementarity between initial schooling levels and returns

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

350

N000149510521 Estimating Relative Vehicle Motions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CAR­TR­881 CS­TR­3882 N00014­95­1­0521 March 1998 Estimating Relative Vehicle Motions in Traffic for Automation Research University of Maryland College Park, MD 20742­3275 2 Computer Science Department George of Technology Haifa, Israel 32000 Abstract Autonomous operation of a vehicle on a road calls for understanding

Markovitch, Shaul

351

Estimates of Oil Reserves Jean Laherrere  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Estimates of Oil Reserves Jean Laherrere e-mail: jean.laherrere@wanadoo.fr sites: http will solve the present problems on welfare, retirement and they would dearly love to see the reserves of oil or oil reserves is a political act. The SEC, to satisfy bankers and shareholders, obliges the oil

O'Donnell, Tom

352

Estimate of the scatter component in SPECT  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Analytical expressions that describe the dependence of slopes and amplitudes of the scatter distribution functions (SDF) on source depth and media density are used to estimate a scatter component in SPECT projection data. Since the ratio of detected scattered to total photons (S/T), SDF amplitude and slope depend strongly on line source length (SL) used to obtain SDFs, we compared estimated scattered components using SDFs, obtained for lengths of 2-21 cm. At 10 cm source depth, S/T changes from 0.19 to 0.36 when SL changes from 2 to 21 cm. Scatter amplitude`s dependence on source depth (d) in water was described by 6.38e{sup -0.186d} for a 2 cm and 16.15e{sup -0.129d} for a 21 cm SL. Slope was described by 0.292d{sup -0.601} for a cm SL and by 0.396d{sup -0.82} for a 21 cm SL. The estimated scatter components are compared with simulated SPECT projection data obtained with Monte Carlo modeling of six hot spheres placed in a cylindrical water filled phantom. The comparison of estimated with simulated total counts/projection shows very good agreement when approaching SDF for a point source (the % difference varied from 2 to 13% for 2 cm SL). Significant overestimate is seen when source length increases.

Ivanovic, M.; Weber, D.A. [Univ. of California, Sacramento, CA (United States); Loncaric, S. [Univ. of Zagreb (Croatia)

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

353

STATE ESTIMATION FOR WASTEWATER TREATMENT PROCESSES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CHAPTER 1 STATE ESTIMATION FOR WASTEWATER TREATMENT PROCESSES O. Bernard1 , B. Chachuat2 , and J sensors (also called observers) for wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs). We give an overview in "Wastewater Quality Monitoring and Wastewater Quality Monitoring and Treatment, Philippe Quevauviller (Ed

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

354

PMU Deployment for Optimal State Estimation Performance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the benefits from data aggregation. Phasor Measurement Unit (PMU) is such an advanced device capablePMU Deployment for Optimal State Estimation Performance Yue Yang, Student Member IEEE, and Sumit are anticipated; however, due to the high cost of PMU installation, their deployment will continue to be selective

Roy, Sumit

355

Guidelines for Estimating Unmetered Landscaping Water Use  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The document lays-out step by step instructions to estimate landscaping water using two alternative approaches: evapotranspiration method and irrigation audit method. The evapotranspiration method option calculates the amount of water needed to maintain a healthy turf or landscaped area for a given location based on the amount of water transpired and evaporated from the plants. The evapotranspiration method offers a relatively easy one-stop-shop for Federal agencies to develop an initial estimate of annual landscape water use. The document presents annual irrigation factors for 36 cities across the U.S. that represents the gallons of irrigation required per square foot for distinct landscape types. By following the steps outlined in the document, the reader can choose a location that is a close match their location and landscape type to provide a rough estimate of annual irrigation needs without the need to research specific data on their site. The second option presented in the document is the irrigation audit method, which is the physical measurement of water applied to landscaped areas through irrigation equipment. Steps to perform an irrigation audit are outlined in the document, which follow the Recommended Audit Guidelines produced by the Irrigation Association.[5] An irrigation audit requires some knowledge on the specific procedures to accurately estimate how much water is being consumed by the irrigation equipment.

McMordie Stoughton, Kate

2010-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

356

Estimating the Burden of Neurocysticercosis in Mexico  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

region (p< 0.05). The mean total number of DALYs lost due to NCC in Mexico was estimated to be 99,866 (95 percent CR: 43,187 189,182), with a mean of 0.95 (95 percent CR: 0.41.8) DALYs lost per thousand persons per year....

Bhattarai, Rachana

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

357

Mechanism and estimation of fatigue crack initiation in austenitic stainless steels in LWR environments.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code provides rules for the construction of nuclear power plant components. Figures I-9.1 through I-9.6 of Appendix I to Section III of the Code specify fatigue design curves for structural materials. However, the effects of light water reactor (LWR) coolant environments are not explicitly addressed by the Code design curves. Existing fatigue strain-vs.-life ({var_epsilon}-N) data illustrate potentially significant effects of LWR coolant environments on the fatigue resistance of pressure vessel and piping steels. This report provides an overview of fatigue crack initiation in austenitic stainless steels in LWR coolant environments. The existing fatigue {var_epsilon}-N data have been evaluated to establish the effects of key material, loading, and environmental parameters (such as steel type, strain range, strain rate, temperature, dissolved-oxygen level in water, and flow rate) on the fatigue lives of these steels. Statistical models are presented for estimating the fatigue {var_epsilon}-N curves for austenitic stainless steels as a function of the material, loading, and environmental parameters. Two methods for incorporating environmental effects into the ASME Code fatigue evaluations are presented. The influence of reactor environments on the mechanism of fatigue crack initiation in these steels is also discussed.

Chopra, O. K.; Energy Technology

2002-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Capital requirements for the transportation of energy materials: 1979 arc estimates  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Summaries of transportation investment requirements through 1990 are given for the low, medium and high scenarios. Total investment requirements for the three modes and the three energy commodities can accumulate to a $46.3 to $47.0 billion range depending on the scenario. The high price of oil, following the evidence of the last year, is projected to hold demand for oil below the recent past. Despite the overall decrease in traffic some investment in crude oil and LPG pipelines is necessary to reach new sources of supply. Although natural gas production and consumption is projected to decline through 1990, new investments in carrying capacity also are required due to locational shifts in supply. The Alaska Natural Gas Transportation System is the dominant investment for energy transportation in the next ten years. This year's report focuses attention on waterborne coal transportation to the northeast states in keeping with a return to significant coal consumption projected for this area. A resumption of such shipments will require a completely new fleet. The investment estimates given in this report identify capital required to transport projected energy supplies to market. The requirement is strategic in the sense that other reasonable alternatives do not exist or that a shared load of new growth can be expected. Not analyzed or forecasted are investments in transportation facilities made in response to local conditions. The total investment figures, therefore, represent a minimum necessary capital improvement to respond to changes in interregional supply conditions.

Not Available

1980-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

359

Supplemental Figure 1. Root lengths of S. pinnata and S. albescens grown on vertically placed agar plates after 30 days of growth from germination. Plants treated without () Se (open bars) and with (+) 20 M SeO4  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) and with (+) 20 M SeO4 2- (gray bars). Data represent the average of 4-5 different plants SE. P-values using and S. albescens grown with or without 20 M SeO4 2- . The only significant difference between treatments. pinnata when compared with S. albescens grown with and without 20 M SeO4 2- . #12;Supplemental Figure 4

360

Downloaded 07 Feb 2012 to 128.180.65.141. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright; see http://jap.aip.org/about/rights_and_permissions Characterizations of Seebeck coefficients and thermoelectric figures of merit  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

/(mK)] due to the increased alloy scattering, however, the optimized thermoelectric material was obtained for materials based on AlGaN34,35 and InGaN36,37 alloys. The thermoelectric properties for RF-sputtered Al and thermoelectric figures of merit for AlInN alloys with various In-contents Jing Zhang,a) Hua Tong, Guangyu Liu

Gilchrist, James F.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mfw estimates figures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Effects of improved modeling on best estimate BWR severe accident analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Since 1981, ORNL has completed best estimate studies analyzing several dominant BWR accident scenarios. These scenarios were identified by early Probabilistic Risk Assessment (PRA) studies and detailed ORNL analysis complements such studies. In performing these studies, ORNL has used the MARCH code extensively. ORNL investigators have identified several deficiencies in early versions of MARCH with regard to BWR modeling. Some of these deficiencies appear to have been remedied by the most recent release of the code. It is the purpose of this paper to identify several of these deficiencies. All the information presented concerns the degraded core thermal/hydraulic analysis associated with each of the ORNL studies. This includes calculations of the containment response. The period of interest is from the time of permanent core uncovery to the end of the transient. Specific objectives include the determination of the extent of core damage and timing of major events (i.e., onset of Zr/H/sub 2/O reaction, initial clad/fuel melting, loss of control blade structure, etc.). As mentioned previously the major analysis tool used thus far was derived from an early version of MARCH. BWRs have unique features which must be modeled for best estimate severe accident analysis. ORNL has developed and incorporated into its version of MARCH several improved models. These include (1) channel boxes and control blades, (2) SRV actuations, (3) vessel water level, (4) multi-node analysis of in-vessel water inventory, (5) comprehensive hydrogen and water properties package, (6) first order correction to the ideal gas law, and (7) separation of fuel and cladding. Ongoing and future modeling efforts are required. These include (1) detailed modeling for the pressure suppression pool, (2) incorporation of B/sub 4/C/steam reaction models, (3) phenomenological model of corium mass transport, and (4) advanced corium/concrete interaction modeling. 10 references, 17 figures, 1 table.

Hyman, C.R.; Ott, L.J.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Survival Estimates for the Passage of Spring-Migrating Juvenile Salmonids through Snake and Columbia River Dams and Reservoirs, 2001-2002 Annual Report.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In 2001, the National Marine Fisheries Service and the University of Washington completed the ninth year of a study to estimate survival and travel time of juvenile salmonids (Oncorhynchus spp.) passing through dams and reservoirs on the Snake and Columbia Rivers. All estimates were derived from passive integrated transponder (PIT)-tagged fish. We PIT tagged and released at Lower Granite Dam a total of 17,028 hatchery and 3,550 wild steelhead. In addition, we utilized fish PIT tagged by other agencies at traps and hatcheries upstream of the hydropower system and sites within the hydropower system. PIT-tagged smolts were detected at interrogation facilities at Lower Granite, Little Goose, Lower Monumental, McNary, John Day, and Bonneville Dams and in the PIT-tag detector trawl operated in the Columbia River estuary. Survival estimates were calculated using the Single-Release Model. Primary research objectives in 2001 were to: (1) estimate reach and project survival and travel time in the Snake and Columbia Rivers throughout the yearling chinook salmon and steelhead migrations; (2) evaluate relationships between survival estimates and migration conditions; and (3) evaluate the survival-estimation models under prevailing conditions. This report provides reach survival and travel time estimates for 2001 for PIT-tagged yearling chinook salmon and steelhead (hatchery and wild) in the Snake and Columbia Rivers. Results are reported primarily in the form of tables and figures with a minimum of text. More details on methodology and statistical models used are provided in previous reports cited in the text. Results for summer-migrating chinook salmon will be reported separately.

Zabel, Richard; Williams, John G.; Smith, Steven G. (Northwest and Alaska Fisheries Science Center, Fish Ecology Division, Seattle, WA)

2002-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

Estimation of 1945 to 1957 food consumption  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report details the methods used and the results of the study on the estimated historic levels of food consumption by individuals in the Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction (HEDR) study area from 1945--1957. This period includes the time of highest releases from Hanford and is the period for which data are being collected in the Hanford Thyroid Disease Study. These estimates provide the food-consumption inputs for the HEDR database of individual diets. This database will be an input file in the Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction Integrated Code (HEDRIC) computer model that will be used to calculate the radiation dose. The report focuses on fresh milk, eggs, lettuce, and spinach. These foods were chosen because they have been found to be significant contributors to radiation dose based on the Technical Steering Panel dose decision level.

Anderson, D.M.; Bates, D.J.; Marsh, T.L.

1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Recursive bias estimation for high dimensional smoothers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In multivariate nonparametric analysis, sparseness of the covariates also called curse of dimensionality, forces one to use large smoothing parameters. This leads to biased smoothers. Instead of focusing on optimally selecting the smoothing parameter, we fix it to some reasonably large value to ensure an over-smoothing of the data. The resulting smoother has a small variance but a substantial bias. In this paper, we propose to iteratively correct the bias initial estimator by an estimate of the latter obtained by smoothing the residuals. We examine in detail the convergence of the iterated procedure for classical smoothers and relate our procedure to L{sub 2}-Boosting. We apply our method to simulated and real data and show that our method compares favorably with existing procedures.

Hengartner, Nicolas W [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Matzner-lober, Eric [UHB, FRANCE; Cornillon, Pierre - Andre [INRA

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Quantum enhanced estimation of optical detector efficiencies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Quantum mechanics establishes the ultimate limit to the scaling of the precision on any parameter, by iden- tifying optimal probe states and measurements. While this paradigm is, at least in principle, adequate for the metrology of quantum channels involving the estimation of phase and loss parameters, we show that estimat- ing the loss parameters associated with a quantum channel and a realistic quantum detector are fundamentally different. While Fock states are provably optimal for the former, we identify a crossover in the nature of the optimal probe state for estimating detector imperfections as a function of the loss parameter. We provide explicit results for on-off and homodyne detectors, the most widely used detectors in quantum photonics technologies.

Barbieri, Marco; Bartley, Tim J; Jin, Xian-Min; Kolthammer, W Steven; Walmsley, Ian A

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Component of variance estimation based on synthesis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Component of Variance Estimation based on. Synthesis. (August lg (2) Jocelyn Anthea Tommerup, B. Sc. , B. Econ. , University of Queenslsnd Directed. by: Dr. H. 0. Hartley Analysis of variance, widely used in the study of statistical variation.... Essentially the problem is to find these coefficients so that, estimstes of the components may be computed. Hartley [1967] hss proposed a method which gives these coef'ficients directly for sry design, balanced of' unbalanced. It is the objective...

Tommerup, Jocelyn Anthea

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

367

Budget estimates fiscal year 1995: Volume 10  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report contains the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) fiscal year budget justification to Congress. The budget provides estimates for salaries and expenses and for the Office of the Inspector General for fiscal year 1995. The NRC 1995 budget request is $546,497,000. This is an increase of $11,497,000 above the proposed level for FY 1994. The NRC FY 1995 budget request is 3,218 FTEs. This is a decrease of 75 FTEs below the 1994 proposed level.

Not Available

1994-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

BAYESIAN ESTIMATION OF FUEL ECONOMY POTENTIAL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BAYESIAN ESTIMATION OF FUEL ECONOMY POTENTIAL DUE TO TECHNOLOGY IMPROVEMENTS by Richard W. Andrews in the engineering assessment phase of this project: N.T. Barnes, B. Beeson, R.C. Belaire, W.C. Follmer, R.J. Genik, R.C. Heathfield, T.E. Kenney, D.L. Kulp, J.G. LaFond, J.D. Medrick, N.M. Novelli, G. Pietron, N

Berger, Jim

369

State energy data report 1992: Consumption estimates  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This is a report of energy consumption by state for the years 1960 to 1992. The report contains summaries of energy consumption for the US and by state, consumption by source, comparisons to other energy use reports, consumption by energy use sector, and describes the estimation methodologies used in the preparation of the report. Some years are not listed specifically although they are included in the summary of data.

Not Available

1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Estimating Energy Savings in Compressed Air Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

are frequently overestimated because the methods used to estimate savings neglect to consider important factors such as compressor control and type, storage, and multiple compressor operation. In this paper, a methodology is presented for modeling air... compressor performance and calculating projected energy savings from easily obtainable performance data such as full-load power, no-load power, rated capacity, average fraction full-load power or average fraction rated capacity. The methodology...

Schmidt, C.; Kissock, J. K.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

June 5, 2001 1 FIRE Cost Estimate  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ign Aw ard & Mobilize Ex c av ation Construct FIRE Building EA FONSI EIS PSA R DOE Approval FSA R ORR Systems $343.8M$78.5M$266.3M1 ­ Fusion Core Systems Total (FY99M$) Contingency (FY99M$) Cost (FY99M$) WBS Element #12;June 5, 2001 6 Fusion Core Systems Estimate $343.8M$78.5M$266.3MTotal Fusion Core Systems $10

372

Estimating the Economic Costs of Espionage  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

who provided invaluable feedback through their participation in the project?s simulation. The team would also like to thank Ms. Janeen Wood, Assistant to the Department Head for International Affairs, and Ms. Rebecca Eaton, Senior Office Associate... have on U.S. corporations.9 However, ASIS does not reveal the methodology used to establish this relationship and develop the loss estimations. Likewise, Marc Zwillinger and Christian Genetski, Adjunct Professors of Law at Georgetown University...

Bell, Rich; Bennett, J. Ethan; Boles, Jillian R.; Goodoien, David M.; Irving, Jeff W.; Kuhlman, Phillip B.; White, Amanda K.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Parameter estimation of vector controlled induction machine  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that this method can be employed for sensorless speed estimation and can be applied to motors like synchronous reluctance machine. CHAPTER II DYNAMIC MODELING OF INDUCTION MACHINE The well-known steady state equivalent circuit of induction motor sometimes... response without updating. . . . . , Rotor time constant converging with the actual value. . . . . . 78 79 CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION The growth of industrial motor drives over the past 10 years has exceeded 25% which is an unprecedented leap if one...

Rahman, Tahmid Ur

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Fast quantum algorithm for numerical gradient estimation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Given a blackbox for f, a smooth real scalar function of d real variables, one wants to estimate the gradient of f at a given point with n bits of precision. On a classical computer this requires a minimum of d+1 blackbox queries, whereas on a quantum computer it requires only one query regardless of d. The number of bits of precision to which f must be evaluated matches the classical requirement in the limit of large n.

Stephen P. Jordan

2005-01-02T23:59:59.000Z

375

Indirect Estimation of Radioactivity in Containerized Cargo  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Detecting illicit nuclear and radiological material in containerized cargo challenges the state of the art in detection systems. Current systems are being evaluated and new systems envisioned to address the need for the high probability of detection and extremely low false alarm rates necessary to thwart potential threats and extremely low nuisance and false alarm rates while maintaining necessary to maintain the flow of commerce impacted by the enormous volume of commodities imported in shipping containers. Maintaining flow of commerce also means that primary inspection must be rapid, requiring relatively indirect measurements of cargo from outside the containers. With increasing information content in such indirect measurements, it is natural to ask how the information might be combined to improved detection. Toward this end, we present an approach to estimating isotopic activity of naturally occurring radioactive material in cargo grouped by commodity type, combining container manifest data with radiography and gamma spectroscopy aligned to location along the container. The heart of this approach is our statistical model of gamma counts within peak regions of interest, which captures the effects of background suppression, counting noise, convolution of neighboring cargo contributions, and down-scattered photons to provide physically constrained estimates of counts due to decay of specific radioisotopes in cargo alone. Coupled to that model, we use a mechanistic model of self-attenuated radiation flux to estimate the isotopic activity within cargo, segmented by location within each container, that produces those counts. We demonstrate our approach by applying it to a set of measurements taken at the Port of Seattle in 2006. This approach to synthesizing disparate available data streams and extraction of cargo characteristics holds the potential to improve primary inspection using current detection capabilities and to enable simulation-based evaluation of new candidate detection systems.

Jarman, Kenneth D.; Scherrer, Chad; Smith, Eric L.; Chilton, Lawrence; Anderson, K. K.; Ressler, Jennifer J.; Trease, Lynn L.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

Estimating radiological background using imaging spectroscopy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Optical imaging spectroscopy is investigated as a method to estimate radiological background by spectral identification of soils, sediments, rocks, minerals and building materials derived from natural materials and assigning tabulated radiological emission values to these materials. Radiological airborne surveys are undertaken by local, state and federal agencies to identify the presence of radiological materials out of regulatory compliance. Detection performance in such surveys is determined by (among other factors) the uncertainty in the radiation background; increased knowledge of the expected radiation background will improve the ability to detect low-activity radiological materials. Radiological background due to naturally occurring radiological materials (NORM) can be estimated by reference to previous survey results, use of global 40K, 238U, and 232Th (KUT) values, reference to existing USGS radiation background maps, or by a moving average of the data as it is acquired. Each of these methods has its drawbacks: previous survey results may not include recent changes, the global average provides only a zero-order estimate, the USGS background radiation map resolutions are coarse and are accurate only to 1 km 25 km sampling intervals depending on locale, and a moving average may essentially low pass filter the data to obscure small changes in radiation counts. Imaging spectroscopy from airborne or spaceborne platforms can offer higher resolution identification of materials and background, as well as provide imaging context information. AVIRIS hyperspectral image data is analyzed using commercial exploitation software to determine the usefulness of imaging spectroscopy to identify qualitative radiological background emissions when compared to airborne radiological survey data.

Bernacki, Bruce E.; Schweppe, John E.; Stave, Sean C.; Jordan, David V.; Kulisek, Jonathan A.; Stewart, Trevor N.; Seifert, Carolyn E.

2014-06-13T23:59:59.000Z

377

Position estimation of transceivers in communication networks  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

This invention provides a system and method using wireless communication interfaces coupled with statistical processing of time-of-flight data to locate by position estimation unknown wireless receivers. Such an invention can be applied in sensor network applications, such as environmental monitoring of water in the soil or chemicals in the air where the position of the network nodes is deemed critical. Moreover, the present invention can be arranged to operate in areas where a Global Positioning System (GPS) is not available, such as inside buildings, caves, and tunnels.

Kent, Claudia A. (Pleasanton, CA); Dowla, Farid (Castro Valley, CA)

2008-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

378

Estimated United States Transportation Energy Use 2005  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A flow chart depicting energy flow in the transportation sector of the United States economy in 2005 has been constructed from publicly available data and estimates of national energy use patterns. Approximately 31,000 trillion British Thermal Units (trBTUs) of energy were used throughout the United States in transportation activities. Vehicles used in these activities include automobiles, motorcycles, trucks, buses, airplanes, rail, and ships. The transportation sector is powered primarily by petroleum-derived fuels (gasoline, diesel and jet fuel). Biomass-derived fuels, electricity and natural gas-derived fuels are also used. The flow patterns represent a comprehensive systems view of energy used within the transportation sector.

Smith, C A; Simon, A J; Belles, R D

2011-11-09T23:59:59.000Z

379

Estimating Motor Efficiency in the Field  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-UpHeat PumpRecord ofESPCof EnergyHouse EnvironmentalEstimating Motor Efficiency in

380

Drift estimation from a simple field theory  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Given the outcome of a Wiener process, what can be said about the drift and diffusion coefficients? If the process is stationary, these coefficients are related to the mean and variance of the position displacements distribution. However, if either drift or diffusion are time-dependent, very little can be said unless some assumption about that dependency is made. In Bayesian statistics, this should be translated into some specific prior probability. We use Bayes rule to estimate these coefficients from a single trajectory. This defines a simple, and analytically tractable, field theory.

Mendes, F. M.; Figueiredo, A. [Instituto de Fisica, Universidade de Brasilia, CP: 04455, 70919-970-Brasilia (Brazil)

2008-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mfw estimates figures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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381

Estimates of Savings Achievable from Irrigation Controller  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper performs a literature review and meta-analysis of water savings from several types of advanced irrigation controllers: rain sensors (RS), weather-based irrigation controllers (WBIC), and soil moisture sensors (SMS).The purpose of this work is to derive average water savings per controller type, based to the extent possible on all available data. After a preliminary data scrubbing, we utilized a series of analytical filters to develop our best estimate of average savings. We applied filters to remove data that might bias the sample such as data self-reported by manufacturers, data resulting from studies focusing on high-water users, or data presented in a non-comparable format such as based on total household water use instead of outdoor water use. Because the resulting number of studies was too small to be statistically significant when broken down by controller type, this paper represents a survey and synthesis of available data rather than a definitive statement regarding whether the estimated water savings are representative.

Williams, Alison; Fuchs, Heidi; Whitehead, Camilla Dunham

2014-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

382

Cosmological parameter estimation: impact of CMB aberration  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The peculiar motion of an observer with respect to the CMB rest frame induces an apparent deflection of the observed CMB photons, i.e. aberration, and a shift in their frequency, i.e. Doppler effect. Both effects distort the temperature multipoles a{sub lm}'s via a mixing matrix at any l. The common lore when performing a CMB based cosmological parameter estimation is to consider that Doppler affects only the l = 1 multipole, and neglect any other corrections. In this paper we reconsider the validity of this assumption, showing that it is actually not robust when sky cuts are included to model CMB foreground contaminations. Assuming a simple fiducial cosmological model with five parameters, we simulated CMB temperature maps of the sky in a WMAP-like and in a Planck-like experiment and added aberration and Doppler effects to the maps. We then analyzed with a MCMC in a Bayesian framework the maps with and without aberration and Doppler effects in order to assess the ability of reconstructing the parameters of the fiducial model. We find that, depending on the specific realization of the simulated data, the parameters can be biased up to one standard deviation for WMAP and almost two standard deviations for Planck. Therefore we conclude that in general it is not a solid assumption to neglect aberration in a CMB based cosmological parameter estimation.

Catena, Riccardo [Institut fr Theoretische Physik, Friedrich-Hund-Platz 1, 37077 Gttingen (Germany); Notari, Alessio, E-mail: riccardo.catena@theorie.physik.uni-goettingen.de, E-mail: notari@ffn.ub.es [Departament de Fsica Fondamental i Institut de Cincies del Cosmos, Universitat de Barcelona, Mart i Franqus 1, 08028 Barcelona (Spain)

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

Microsphere estimates of blood flow: Methodological considerations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The microsphere technique is a standard method for measuring blood flow in experimental animals. Sporadic reports have appeared outlining the limitations of this method. In this study the authors have systematically assessed the effect of blood withdrawals for reference sampling, microsphere numbers, and anesthesia on blood flow estimates using radioactive microspheres in dogs. Experiments were performed on 18 conscious and 12 anesthetized dogs. Four blood flow estimates were performed over 120 min using 1 {times} 10{sup 6} microspheres each time. The effects of excessive numbers of microspheres pentobarbital sodium anesthesia, and replacement of volume loss for reference samples with dextran 70 were assessed. In both conscious and anesthetized dogs a progressive decrease in gastric mucosal blood flow and cardiac output was observed over 120 min. This was also observed in the pancreas in conscious dogs. The major factor responsible for these changes was the volume loss due to the reference sample withdrawals. Replacement of the withdrawn blood with dextran 70 led to stable blood flows to all organs. The injection of excessive numbers of microspheres did not modify hemodynamics to a greater extent than did the injection of 4 million microspheres. Anesthesia exerted no influence on blood flow other than raising coronary flow. The authors conclude that although blood flow to the gastric mucosa and the pancreas is sensitive to the minor hemodynamic changes associated with the microsphere technique, replacement of volume loss for reference samples ensures stable blood flow to all organs over a 120-min period.

von Ritter, C.; Hinder, R.A.; Womack, W.; Bauerfeind, P.; Fimmel, C.J.; Kvietys, P.R.; Granger, D.N.; Blum, A.L. (Univ. of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg (South Africa) Louisianna State Univ. Medical Center, Shreveport (USA) Universitaire Vaudois (Switzerland))

1988-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

Statistical estimation of water distribution system pipe break risk  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and maintenance decisions. A number of statistical methods have been proposed for this estimation problem. This thesis focuses on comparing these statistical models on the basis of short time histories. The goals of this research are to estimate the likelihood...

Yamijala, Shridhar

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

385

ONLINE TRAFFIC LIGHT CONTROL THROUGH GRADIENT ESTIMATION USING  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Infinitesimal Perturbation and Analysis (IPA) but the model we use to derive the #12;IPA estimates developed which is based on IPA (Cassandras et al., 2002). In this approach, we derive estimators

Panayiotou, Christos

386

A Wegner estimate for multi-particle random Hamiltonians  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We prove a Wegner estimate for a large class of multiparticle Anderson Hamiltonians on the lattice. These estimates will allow us to prove Anderson localization for such systems. A detailed proof of localization will be given in a subsequent paper.

Werner Kirsch

2007-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

387

Sample covariance based estimation of Capon algorithm error probabilities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The method of interval estimation (MIE) provides a strategy for mean squared error (MSE) prediction of algorithm performance at low signal-to-noise ratios (SNR) below estimation threshold where asymptotic predictions fail. ...

Richmond, Christ D.

388

Updated Capital Cost Estimates for Utility Scale Electricity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Updated Capital Cost Estimates for Utility Scale Electricity Generating Plants April 2013 Information Administration | Updated Capital Cost Estimates for Utility Scale Electricity Generating Plants ii for Utility Scale Electricity Generating Plants ii Contents Introduction

389

Global estimation of precipitation using opaque microwave bands  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis describes the use of opaque microwave bands for global estimation of precipitation rate. An algorithm was developed for estimating instantaneous precipitation rate for the Advanced Microwave Sounding Unit (AMSU) ...

Chen, Frederick Wey-Min, 1975-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Recovery-based error estimators for interface problems: mixed and ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

AMS subject classifications. 65N30, 65N15. DOI. ... estimator is then free of overrefinements and satisfies the efficiency and reliability ...... [17] C. Lovadina and R. Stenberg, Energy norm a posteriori estimates for mixed finite element methods...

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

Cost and production estimation for a cutter suction dredge  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The need for accurate cost estimates is well recognized in the dredging industry. In order for a dredging contractor to efficiently execute a project from its conception to its completion, an accurate estimate of the final cost is imperative...

Miertschin, Michael Wayne

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

392

Estimating Power System Dynamic States Using Extended Kalman Filter  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

AbstractThe state estimation tools which are currently deployed in power system control rooms are based on a steady state assumption. As a result, the suite of operational tools that rely on state estimation results as inputs do not have dynamic information available and their accuracy is compromised. This paper investigates the application of Extended Kalman Filtering techniques for estimating dynamic states in the state estimation process. The new formulated dynamic state estimation includes true system dynamics reflected in differential equations, not like previously proposed dynamic state estimation which only considers the time-variant snapshots based on steady state modeling. This new dynamic state estimation using Extended Kalman Filter has been successfully tested on a multi-machine system. Sensitivity studies with respect to noise levels, sampling rates, model errors, and parameter errors are presented as well to illustrate the robust performance of the developed dynamic state estimation process.

Huang, Zhenyu; Schneider, Kevin P.; Nieplocha, Jaroslaw; Zhou, Ning

2014-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

393

HERITABILITY ESTIMATION IN HIGH DIMENSIONAL LINEAR MIXED MODELS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

estimator. Our approach is implemented in the R package HiLMM which is available from the web page) the "dark matter" of the genome or the "dark matter" of heritability. To estimate this lacking heritability

Gassiat, Elisabeth

394

Adaptive Distributed Parameter and Input Estimation in Plasma Tokamak Heat  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Keywords: Thermonuclear fusion, distributed parameter systems, input state and parameter estimation, adaptive infinite-dimensional estimation, Galerkin method 1. INTRODUCTION In a controlled thermonuclear fusion reactor, the plasma thermal diffusivity and heating energy play an important role

Boyer, Edmond

395

adaptive parameter estimation: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Tokamak Heat Computer Technologies and Information Sciences Websites Summary: . Keywords: Thermonuclear fusion, distributed parameter systems, input state and parameter estimation,...

396

Estimating the Economic Cost of Sea-Level Rise  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

To improve the estimate of economic costs of future sea-level rise associated with global climate change,

Sugiyama, Masahiro.

397

Accuracy of Contemporary Parametric Software Estimation Models: A Comparative Analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with delays and being costly and error- prone. Inaccurate estimation of project resources is considered as one the costs, schedule and the resources for IT projects. Software estimation is the process of predicting the effort, duration and cost required to develop a software system [2]. Estimators often rely on one or more

Tomkins, Andrew

398

Cost Estimation for Cross-organizational ERP Projects: Research Perspectives  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cost Estimation for Cross-organizational ERP Projects: Research Perspectives Maya Daneva, Roel There are many methods for estimating size, effort, schedule and other cost aspects of IS projects, but only one domain of cross-organizational ERP cost estimation, to survey available solutions, and to propose

Wieringa, Roel

399

Rank-Based Estimation for GARCH Processes Beth Andrews  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Rank-Based Estimation for GARCH Processes Beth Andrews Northwestern University September 7, 2011 Abstract We consider a rank-based technique for estimating GARCH model parameters, some of which are scale transformations of conventional GARCH parameters. The estimators are obtained by minimizing a rank-based residual

Andrews, Beth

400

Standard errors of parameter estimates in the ETAS model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Standard errors of parameter estimates in the ETAS model Abstract Point process models of seismic catalogs and in short- term earthquake forecasting. The standard errors of parameter estimates of conventional standard error estimates based on the Hessian matrix of the log- likelihood function of the ETAS

Schoenberg, Frederic Paik (Rick)

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mfw estimates figures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Estimating Dataset Size Requirements for Classifying DNA Microarray Data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Estimating Dataset Size Requirements for Classifying DNA Microarray Data S. Mukherjee*+#1 , P methodology for estimating dataset size requirements for classifying microarray data using learning curves is introduced. The goal is to use existing classification results to estimate dataset size requirements

Poggio, Tomaso

402

Parameter estimation for energy balance models with memory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Parameter estimation for energy balance models with memory By Lionel Roques1,*, Micka¨el D parameter estimation for one-dimensional energy balance models with mem- ory (EBMMs) given localized estimate is still possible in certain cases. Keywords: age dating; Bayesian inference; energy balance model

403

Advanced EL inspection with predictive estimation of module power loss  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Advanced EL inspection with predictive estimation of module power loss Ralph Schmidt (Dipl.-Ing) pi4_robotics GmbH Berlin #12;Agenda: - Introduction pi4 - The idea: Estimate power loss at an early stage in production - Investigation of single cells with defects - Estimation of Power loss for PV

404

Prediction-based estimating functions: review and new developments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Prediction-based estimating functions: review and new developments Michael Sørensen University@math.ku.dk March 9, 2011 Abstract The general theory of prediction-based estimating functions for stochastic differential equations. The Pearson diffusions, for which explicit optimal prediction-based estimating func

Sørensen, Michael

405

SNR Estimation in Nakagami Fading with Diversity for Turbo Decoding  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SNR Estimation in Nakagami Fading with Diversity for Turbo Decoding A. Ramesh£, A. Chockalingam-? fading channels without di- versity combining and used this estimate in the decoding of turbo codes. Now equal gain diversity combining. We use our SNR estimates in the iterative decoding of turbo codes

Chockalingam, A.

406

Seismic Velocity Estimation from Time Migration Maria Kourkina Cameron  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Seismic Velocity Estimation from Time Migration by Maria Kourkina Cameron Diplom (Moscow Institute Dung-Hai Lee Spring 2007 #12;Seismic Velocity Estimation from Time Migration Copyright c 2007 by Maria Kourkina Cameron #12;Abstract Seismic Velocity Estimation from Time Migration by Maria Kourkina Cameron

Cameron, Maria Kourkina

407

Hybrid Systems State estimation for hybrid systems: applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hybrid Systems State estimation for hybrid systems: applications to aircraft tracking I. Hwang, H of a stochastic linear hybrid system, given only the continuous system output data, is studied. Well established techniques for hybrid estimation, known as the multiple model adaptive estimation algorithm

Tomlin, Claire

408

Introduction Hall and Tank (2005) present estimates of ecosystem metab-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

213 Introduction Hall and Tank (2005) present estimates of ecosystem metab- olism for Giltner in the estimation of ecosystem metabolism by open-channel methods (McCutchan et al. 2002; Hall and Tank 2005). To estimate metabolism in Giltner Spring Creek, Hall and Tank (2005) employ a mass-balance equation

Lewis Jr., William M.

409

GEOLOGY, August 2007 683Geology, August 2007; v. 35; no. 8; p. 683686; doi: 10.1130/G23675A.1; 4 figures; Data Repository item 2007176. 2007 The Geological Society of America. For permission to copy, contact Copyright Permissions, GSA, or editing@geosoci  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

GEOLOGY, August 2007 683Geology, August 2007; v. 35; no. 8; p. 683686; doi: 10.1130/G23675A.1; 4 figures; Data Repository item 2007176. 2007 The Geological Society of America. For permission to copy

Demouchy, Sylvie

410

Chapter 17: Estimating Net Savings: Common Practices  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This chapter focuses on the methods used to estimate net energy savings in evaluation, measurement, and verification (EM&V) studies for energy efficiency (EE) programs. The chapter provides a definition of net savings, which remains an unsettled topic both within the EE evaluation community and across the broader public policy evaluation community, particularly in the context of attribution of savings to particular program. The chapter differs from the measure-specific Uniform Methods Project (UMP) chapters in both its approach and work product. Unlike other UMP resources that provide recommended protocols for determining gross energy savings, this chapter describes and compares the current industry practices for determining net energy savings, but does not prescribe particular methods.

Violette, D. M.; Rathbun, P.

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

Thermoelectric figure of merit of (In0.53Ga0.47As)0.8(In0.52Al0.48As)0.2 III-V semiconductor alloys Je-Hyeong Bahk,1 Zhixi Bian,2 Mona Zebarjadi,2 Joshua M. O. Zide,3 Hong Lu,1,4 Dongyan Xu,5 Joseph P. Feser,5  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, 73.50.Lw, 73.61.Ey I. INTRODUCTION Seeking a better thermoelectric material for efficient thermal The efficiency of a thermoelectric material is directly linked to the dimensionless thermoelectric figureThermoelectric figure of merit of (In0.53Ga0.47As)0.8(In0.52Al0.48As)0.2 III-V semiconductor alloys

412

Fringe Visibility Estimators for the Palomar Testbed Interferometer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Visibility estimators and their performance are presented for use with the Palomar Testbed Interferometer (PTI). One operational mode of PTI is single-baseline visibility measurement using pathlength modulation with synchronous readout by a NICMOS-3 infrared array. Visibility is estimated from the fringe quadratures, either incoherently, or using source phase referencing to provide a longer coherent integration time. The visibility estimators differ those used with photon-counting detectors in order to account for biases attributable to detector offsets and read noise. The performance of these estimators is affected not only by photon noise, but also by the detector read noise and errors in estimating the bias corrections, which affect the incoherent and coherent estimators differently. Corrections for visibility loss in the coherent estimators using the measured tracking jitter are also presented.

M. M. Colavita

1998-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

413

Residential Lighting End-Use Consumption Study: Estimation Framework and Initial Estimates  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The U.S. DOE Residential Lighting End-Use Consumption Study is an initiative of the U.S. Department of Energys (DOEs) Solid-State Lighting Program that aims to improve the understanding of lighting energy usage in residential dwellings. The study has developed a regional estimation framework within a national sample design that allows for the estimation of lamp usage and energy consumption 1) nationally and by region of the United States, 2) by certain household characteristics, 3) by location within the home, 4) by certain lamp characteristics, and 5) by certain categorical cross-classifications (e.g., by dwelling type AND lamp type or fixture type AND control type).

Gifford, Will R.; Goldberg, Miriam L.; Tanimoto, Paulo M.; Celnicker, Dane R.; Poplawski, Michael E.

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

Estimation problems in the space of distorted stochastic processes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 (b) 800 600 400 200 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 (c) 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 Figure 1. Doppler effect on a stationary process. (a) Stationary process, X(t). (b) Distortion... variable with zero mean, variance o. Then, py(t, t + h) = o cos(kih + kah + 2tkzh) since the autocovariance function depends on t, the process is not stationary. How- ever, the process X defined by: X(t) = A cos{t) + B sin(t) is stationary. Therefore...

Moutran, Cyril

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

A continuous traffic study - estimation of population parameters and the variance of the estimated parameters  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

are pre- ;ected. The operating ratio is defined and its use for regulatory pur- poses discussed. Procedures for the estimation of operating ratios from CTS and cost data are explained. An approximate formula for the variance of the ratio of two random... 31 TEXAS INTRASTATE TRAFFIC 1967 (Operating Ratio by Actual Weight of Shipment). . 32 TEXAS INTRASTATE TRAFFIC 1967 (Operating Ratio by Number Miles Shipm nt Moved) 33 CHAPTER I STATEMENT QF THE PRGBLEM 1. 1 Introduction The Southwestern...

Dresser, George Brayton

1969-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

IDC RP2 & 3 US Industry Standard Cost Estimate Summary.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Sandia National Laboratories has prepared a ROM cost estimate for budgetary planning for the IDC Reengineering Phase 2 & 3 effort, using a commercial software cost estimation tool calibrated to US industry performance parameters. This is not a cost estimate for Sandia to perform the project. This report provides the ROM cost estimate and describes the methodology, assumptions, and cost model details used to create the ROM cost estimate. ROM Cost Estimate Disclaimer Contained herein is a Rough Order of Magnitude (ROM) cost estimate that has been provided to enable initial planning for this proposed project. This ROM cost estimate is submitted to facilitate informal discussions in relation to this project and is NOT intended to commit Sandia National Laboratories (Sandia) or its resources. Furthermore, as a Federally Funded Research and Development Center (FFRDC), Sandia must be compliant with the Anti-Deficiency Act and operate on a full-cost recovery basis. Therefore, while Sandia, in conjunction with the Sponsor, will use best judgment to execute work and to address the highest risks and most important issues in order to effectively manage within cost constraints, this ROM estimate and any subsequent approved cost estimates are on a 'full-cost recovery' basis. Thus, work can neither commence nor continue unless adequate funding has been accepted and certified by DOE.

Harris, James M.; Huelskamp, Robert M.

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

Improved dose estimates for nuclear criticality accidents  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Slide rules are improved for estimating doses and dose rates resulting from nuclear criticality accidents. The original slide rules were created for highly enriched uranium solutions and metals using hand calculations along with the decades old Way-Wigner radioactive decay relationship and the inverse square law. This work uses state-of-the-art methods and better data to improve the original slide rules and also to extend the slide rule concept to three additional systems; i.e., highly enriched (93.2 wt%) uranium damp (H/{sup 235}U = 10) powder (U{sub 3}O{sub 8}) and low-enriched (5 wt%) uranium mixtures (UO{sub 2}F{sub 2}) with a H/{sup 235}U ratio of 200 and 500. Although the improved slide rules differ only slightly from the original slide rules, the improved slide rules and also the new slide rules can be used with greater confidence since they are based on more rigorous methods and better nuclear data.

Wilkinson, A.D.; Basoglu, B.; Bentley, C.L.; Dunn, M.E.; Plaster, M.J.; Dodds, H.L. [Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States). Nuclear Engineering Dept.; Haught, C.F. [Martin Marietta Utility Systems, Piketon, OH (United States); Yamamoto, T. [Japan Atomic Energy Research Inst., Tokai (Japan). Tokai Research Establishment; Hopper, C.M. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

Research opportunities to improve DSM impact estimates  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report was commissioned by the California Institute for Energy Efficiency (CIEE) as part of its research mission to advance the energy efficiency and productivity of all end-use sectors in California. Our specific goal in this effort has been to identify viable research and development (R&D) opportunities that can improve capabilities to determine the energy-use and demand reductions achieved through demand-side management (DSM) programs and measures. We surveyed numerous practitioners in California and elsewhere to identify the major obstacles to effective impact evaluation, drawing on their collective experience. As a separate effort, we have also profiled the status of regulatory practices in leading states with respect to DSM impact evaluation. We have synthesized this information, adding our own perspective and experience to those of our survey-respondent colleagues, to characterize today`s state of the art in impact-evaluation practices. This scoping study takes a comprehensive look at the problems and issues involved in DSM impact estimates at the customer-facility or site level. The major portion of our study investigates three broad topic areas of interest to CIEE: Data analysis issues, field-monitoring issues, issues in evaluating DSM measures. Across these three topic areas, we have identified 22 potential R&D opportunities, to which we have assigned priority levels. These R&D opportunities are listed by topic area and priority.

Misuriello, H.; Hopkins, M.E.F. [Fleming Group, Washington, DC (United States)

1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Detection and Estimation of Multiple Fault Profiles Using Generalized Likelihood Ratio  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

]. The EPS supplies power to spacecraft systems and pay- loads. The EPS schematic in Figure 1 shows a battery connected to a load bank through a set of switches, cir- cuit breakers and an inverter. Since the dynamics

Koutsoukos, Xenofon D.

420

Robust Semiparametric Regression Estimation Using Targeted Maximum Likelihood with Application to Biomarker Discovery and Epidemiology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

testing, while for TMLE VIM there were 197 and 204 genesand has the second highest VIM values in both lists. Beyond3.4.1. SWI4?SWI6 Marginal VIM Many of the trends in Figure

Tuglus, Catherine Ann

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mfw estimates figures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Estimating Demand Response Market Potential Among Large Commercial and Industrial Customers: A Scoping Study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sector Energy Efficiency Potential Study: Final Report,energy efficiency market potential (section 2 of this report);Report: Figure 2-1. Relative Relationships of Energy-Efficiency Potential

Goldman, Charles; Hopper, Nicole; Bharvirkar, Ranjit; Neenan, Bernie; Cappers, Peter

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Estimation of uncertain parameters to improve modeling of Mirobially Induced Calcite Precipitation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the subsurface or fracking could be reduced with sealing technologies like microbially induced calcite Injectionwellvicinity Fracking CO2 Reservoir Figure 1: Potential application sites of MICP as a sealing technology

Cirpka, Olaf Arie

423

AN OVERVIEW OF TOOL FOR RESPONSE ACTION COST ESTIMATING (TRACE)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Tools and techniques that provide improved performance and reduced costs are important to government programs, particularly in current times. An opportunity for improvement was identified for preparation of cost estimates used to support the evaluation of response action alternatives. As a result, CH2M HILL Plateau Remediation Company has developed Tool for Response Action Cost Estimating (TRACE). TRACE is a multi-page Microsoft Excel{reg_sign} workbook developed to introduce efficiencies into the timely and consistent production of cost estimates for response action alternatives. This tool combines costs derived from extensive site-specific runs of commercially available remediation cost models with site-specific and estimator-researched and derived costs, providing the best estimating sources available. TRACE also provides for common quantity and key parameter links across multiple alternatives, maximizing ease of updating estimates and performing sensitivity analyses, and ensuring consistency.

FERRIES SR; KLINK KL; OSTAPKOWICZ B

2012-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

424

Robust Single-Qubit Process Calibration via Robust Phase Estimation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An important step in building a quantum computer is calibrating experimentally implemented quantum gates to produce operations that are close to ideal unitaries. The calibration step involves estimating the error in gates and then using controls to correct the implementation. Quantum process tomography is a standard technique for estimating these errors, but is both time consuming, (when one only wants to learn a few key parameters), and requires resources, like perfect state preparation and measurement, that might not be available. With the goal of efficiently estimating specific errors using minimal resources, we develop a parameter estimation technique, which can gauge two key parameters (amplitude and off-resonance errors) in a single-qubit gate with provable robustness and efficiency. In particular, our estimates achieve the optimal efficiency, Heisenberg scaling. Our main theorem making this possible is a robust version of the phase estimation procedure of Higgins et al. [B. L. Higgins, New J. Phys. 11, 073023 (2009)].

Shelby Kimmel; Guang Hao Low; Theodore J. Yoder

2015-02-09T23:59:59.000Z

425

Of fishes and birthdays: Efficient estimation of polymer configurational entropies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present an algorithm to estimate the configurational entropy $S$ of a polymer. The algorithm uses the statistics of coincidences among random samples of configurations and is related to the catch-tag-release method for estimation of population sizes, and to the classic "birthday paradox". Bias in the entropy estimation is decreased by grouping configurations in nearly equiprobable partitions based on their energies, and estimating entropies separately within each partition. Whereas most entropy estimation algorithms require $N\\sim 2^{S}$ samples to achieve small bias, our approach typically needs only $N\\sim \\sqrt{2^{S}}$. Thus the algorithm can be applied to estimate protein free energies with increased accuracy and decreased computational cost.

Nemenman, Ilya; Strauss, Charlie E

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Battery Calendar Life Estimator Manual Modeling and Simulation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Battery Life Estimator (BLE) Manual has been prepared to assist developers in their efforts to estimate the calendar life of advanced batteries for automotive applications. Testing requirements and procedures are defined by the various manuals previously published under the United States Advanced Battery Consortium (USABC). The purpose of this manual is to describe and standardize a method for estimating calendar life based on statistical models and degradation data acquired from typical USABC battery testing.

Jon P. Christophersen; Ira Bloom; Ed Thomas; Vince Battaglia

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

Estimation of common k for negative binomial distributions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ESTIMATION OF COMMON K FOR NEGATIVE BINOMIAL DISTRIBUTIONS A Thesis LUCIANA MARTA Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1982 Major... of Department) December 1982 ABSTRACT Estimation of Common k for Negative Binomial Distributions. (December 1982) Luciana Marts, B. S. , Univ. Nacional de Rosario, Argentina. Chairman of Advisory Committee: Dr. James H. Natis, Two aspects of estimating a...

Marta, Luciana

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

Using Photogrammetry to Estimate Tank Waste Volumes from Video  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Washington River Protection Solutions (WRPS) contracted with HiLine Engineering & Fabrication, Inc. to assess the accuracy of photogrammetry tools as compared to video Camera/CAD Modeling System (CCMS) estimates. This test report documents the results of using photogrammetry to estimate the volume of waste in tank 241-C-I04 from post-retrieval videos and results using photogrammetry to estimate the volume of waste piles in the CCMS test video.

Field, Jim G. [Washington River Protection Solutions, LLC, Richland, WA (United States)

2013-03-27T23:59:59.000Z

429

Global emission estimates and radiative impact of C4  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Global emission estimates and radiative impact of C4 F10 , C5 F12 , C6 F14 , C7 F16 and C8 F18 Chemistry and Physics Global emission estimates and radiative impact of C4F10, C5F12, C6F14, C7F16 and C8F18 (C7F16) and oc- tadecafluorooctane (C8F18). Emissions are estimated using a 3-dimensional chemical

430

Real Time Estimation of Ship Motions Using Kalman Filtering Techniques  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The estimation of the heave, pitch, roll, sway, and yaw motions of a DD-963 destroyer is studied, using Kalman filtering

Triantafyllou, Michael S.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

Mass Production Cost Estimation of Direct Hydrogen PEM Fuel Cell...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Mass Production Cost Estimation of Direct H 2 PEM Fuel Cell Systems for Transportation Applications: 2012 Update October 18, 2012 Prepared By: Brian D. James Andrew B. Spisak...

432

A Fast Moving Horizon Estimation Algorithm Based on Nonlinear ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

hyper-compressor. The objective is to estimate the remaining differential states corresponding to the concentrations of ethylene, butane, methane and impurities

2008-02-19T23:59:59.000Z

433

Methodology for Estimating Reductions of GHG Emissions from Mosaic...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Methodology for Estimating Reductions of GHG Emissions from Mosaic Deforestation AgencyCompany Organization: World Bank Sector: Land Focus Area: Forestry Topics: Co-benefits...

434

Asymptotics and computations for approximation of method of regularization estimators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, 1973) and one-sided cross-validation (Hart and Yi, 1998) can be employed for the MOR estimator. Rice (1986) demonstrated that a reasonable choice of the smoothing parameter for making mean squared error small for estimating ? may not be reasonable... in terms of the estimation error incurred for f, and vice versa. O'Sullivan (1986) overviewed various issues in MOR estimation and the solution to ill-posed inverse problems with an extension of CV and related smoothing parameter selection criteria...

Lee, Sang-Joon

2005-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

435

Nonmarket Valuation under Preference Uncertainty: Econometric Models and Estimation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

3 The EconometricUNCERTAINTY: ECONOMETRIC MODELS AND ESTIMATION bY W. MichaelSection 3 introduces ihe econometric model. Section 4

Hanemann, W. Michael; Kristrom, Bengt; Li, Chuan-Zhong

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

,"New York Dry Natural Gas Reserves Estimated Production (Billion...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","New York Dry Natural Gas Reserves Estimated Production (Billion Cubic Feet)",1,"Annual",2013...

437

Estimated Global Mortality Attributable to Smoke from Landscape Fires  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

fine matter Phys shape peat Epidemiol cigarette episode.of carbon Forest, pollution peat approximately grasslandin Southeast Asia in and peat fires Estimated annual La Nia

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

Robust quantum parameter estimation: Coherent magnetometry with feedback  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We describe the formalism for optimally estimating and controlling both the state of a spin ensemble and a scalar magnetic field with information obtained from a continuous quantum limited measurement of the spin precession due to the field. The full quantum parameter estimation model is reduced to a simplified equivalent representation to which classical estimation and control theory is applied. We consider both the tracking of static and fluctuating fields in the transient and steady-state regimes. By using feedback control, the field estimation can be made robust to uncertainty about the total spin number.

Stockton, John K.; Geremia, J.M.; Doherty, Andrew C.; Mabuchi, Hideo [Norman Bridge Laboratory of Physics, Mail Code 12-33, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California 91125 (United States)

2004-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Guidance on Utility Rate Estimations and Weather Normalization...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

and Weather Normalization in an ESPC Document explains how to use estimated energy rates and normalized weather data in determining an energy service company's (ESCO's)...

440

ERP SOURCE ESTIMATION BY INTEGRATION OF ANATOMICAL AND  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ERP SOURCE ESTIMATION BY INTEGRATION OF ANATOMICAL AND DYNAMICAL CONSTRAINTS Thesis submitted a small EEG signal analysis project under his supervision, in which I applied blind source separation

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mfw estimates figures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Cost Model and Cost Estimating Software - DOE Directives, Delegations...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

is basically a cost model, which forms the basis for estimating software. g4301-1chp22.pdf -- PDF Document, 190 KB Writer: John Makepeace Subjects: Administration...

442

amended budget estimates: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

NITROGEN BUDGETS AND N2 FLUX MEASUREMENTS TO ESTIMATE THE ROLE OF DENITRIFICATION IN BROWNFIELD STORMWATER WETLANDS Environmental Sciences and Ecology Websites Summary: and at...

443

Estimated Business Interruptions Losses of the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??A generalized framework of Economic Analysis of natural and man-made disasters is applied to the estimation of business interruption losses associated with an oil spill. (more)

Vargas, Vanessa

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Preliminary relative permeability estimates of methane hydrate-bearing sand  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

gas production from gas hydrate reservoirs. We estimated theof gas production from gas hydrate reservoirs. Fieldpermeability function in gas hydrate-bearing sediments is

Seol, Yongkoo; Kneafsey, Timothy J.; Tomutsa, Liviu; Moridis, George J.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Kalman Filter Constraint Switching for Turbofan Engine Health Estimation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Estimation, Quadratic Pro- gramming, Residuals, Gas Turbine Engines. 1 Introduction For linear dynamic. However, in the application of Kalman filters there is often known model or signal information

Simon, Dan

446

Chapter 17: Estimating Net Savings: Common Practices. The Uniform...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

to use estimates of free ridership and spillover to suggest program improvements. * Quality assurancequality control processes needed for regulatory oversight. The relative...

447

Estimating atmospheric parameters and reducing noise for multispectral imaging  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method and system for estimating atmospheric radiance and transmittance. An atmospheric estimation system is divided into a first phase and a second phase. The first phase inputs an observed multispectral image and an initial estimate of the atmospheric radiance and transmittance for each spectral band and calculates the atmospheric radiance and transmittance for each spectral band, which can be used to generate a "corrected" multispectral image that is an estimate of the surface multispectral image. The second phase inputs the observed multispectral image and the surface multispectral image that was generated by the first phase and removes noise from the surface multispectral image by smoothing out change in average deviations of temperatures.

Conger, James Lynn

2014-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

448

Distributed Dynamic State Estimator, Generator Parameter Estimation and Stability Monitoring Demonstration  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This is the final report for this project that was performed in the period: October1, 2009 to June 30, 2013. In this project, a fully distributed high-fidelity dynamic state estimator (DSE) that continuously tracks the real time dynamic model of a wide area system with update rates better than 60 times per second is achieved. The proposed technology is based on GPS-synchronized measurements but also utilizes data from all available Intelligent Electronic Devices in the system (numerical relays, digital fault recorders, digital meters, etc.). The distributed state estimator provides the real time model of the system not only the voltage phasors. The proposed system provides the infrastructure for a variety of applications and two very important applications (a) a high fidelity generating unit parameters estimation and (b) an energy function based transient stability monitoring of a wide area electric power system with predictive capability. Also the dynamic distributed state estimation results are stored (the storage scheme includes data and coincidental model) enabling an automatic reconstruction and play back of a system wide disturbance. This approach enables complete play back capability with fidelity equal to that of real time with the advantage of playing back at a user selected speed. The proposed technologies were developed and tested in the lab during the first 18 months of the project and then demonstrated on two actual systems, the USVI Water and Power Administration system and the New York Power Authoritys Blenheim-Gilboa pumped hydro plant in the last 18 months of the project. The four main thrusts of this project, mentioned above, are extremely important to the industry. The DSE with the achieved update rates (more than 60 times per second) provides a superior solution to the grid visibility question. The generator parameter identification method fills an important and practical need of the industry. The energy function based transient stability monitoring opens up new ways to protect the power grid, better manage disturbances, confine their impact and in general improve the reliability and security of the system. Finally, as a by-product of the proposed research project, the developed system is able to play back disturbances by a click of a mouse. The importance of this by-product is evident by considering the tremendous effort exerted after the August 2003 blackout to piece together all the disturbance recordings, align them and recreate the sequence of events. This project has moved the state of art from fault recording by individual devices to system wide disturbance recording with play back capability.

Meliopoulos, Sakis; Cokkinides, George; Fardanesh, Bruce; Hedrington, Clinton

2013-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

449

Parameter estimation with Sandage-Loeb test  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Sandage-Loeb (SL) test directly measures the expansion rate of the universe in the redshift range of $2\\lesssim z\\lesssim 5$ by detecting redshift drift in the spectra of Lyman-$\\alpha$ forest of distant quasars. We discuss the impact of the future SL test data on parameter estimation for the $\\Lambda$CDM, the $w$CDM, and the $w_0w_a$CDM models. To avoid the potential inconsistency with other observational data, we take the best-fitting dark energy model constrained by the current observations as the fiducial model to produce 30 mock SL test data. The SL test data provide an important supplement to the other dark energy probes, since they are extremely helpful in breaking the existing parameter degeneracies. We show that the strong degeneracy between $\\Omega_m$ and $H_0$ in all the three dark energy models is well broken by the SL test. Compared to the current combined data of type Ia supernovae, baryon acoustic oscillation, cosmic microwave background, and Hubble constant, the 30-yr observation of SL test could improve the constraints on $\\Omega_m$ and $H_0$ by more than 60\\% for all the three models. But the SL test can only moderately improve the constraint on the equation of state of dark energy. We show that a 30-yr observation of SL test could help improve the constraint on constant $w$ by about 25\\%, and improve the constraints on $w_0$ and $w_a$ by about 20\\% and 15\\%, respectively. We also quantify the constraining power of the SL test in the future high-precision joint geometric constraints on dark energy. The mock future supernova and baryon acoustic oscillation data are simulated based on the space-based project JDEM. We find that the 30-yr observation of SL test would help improve the measurement precision of $\\Omega_m$, $H_0$, and $w_a$ by more than 70\\%, 20\\%, and 60\\%, respectively, for the $w_0w_a$CDM model.

Jia-Jia Geng; Jing-Fei Zhang; Xin Zhang

2014-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

450

Effects of Seasonality on the Estimation of Environmental Extremes: A Study of Non-Homogeneous Methods for Estimating Environmental Extremes:.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Extreme value theory is commonly applied in ocean engineering to estimate extreme environmental conditions (e.g. wave height and wind speed). Extreme value models generally assume (more)

Trahan, A.C.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

Second order accurate variance estimation in poststratified two-stage sampling  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We proposed new variance estimators for the poststratified estimator of the population total in two-stage sampling. The linearization or Taylor series variance estimator and the jackknife linearization variance estimator are popular...

Kim, Kyong Ryun

2007-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

452

Multi-area power system state estimation utilizing boundary measurements and phasor measurement units ( PMUs)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

estimation is explained for a simple serial estimator. Then the thesis shows how conventional measurements and newer, more accurate PMU measurements work within the framework of weighted least squares estimation. Next, the multi-area state estimator...

Freeman, Matthew A

2006-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

453

Evaluation of the use of engineering judgements applied to analytical human reliablity analysis methods (HRA)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Low Dependency MCR Main Control Room viii MFW Main Feed Water MLB Main Line Break MBLOCA Medium Break Loss of Coolant Accident MD Medium Dependency MAAP Modular Accident Analysis Program NPSH Net Positive Suction Head ND...

Kohlhepp, Katherine D.

2006-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

454

CARVE: A Cognitive Agent for Resource Value Estimation Jonathan Wildstrom  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In ICAC, June 2008. CARVE: A Cognitive Agent for Resource Value Estimation Jonathan Wildstrom computational resources (processing, memory and I/O) are availably on demand at a market cost. On-demand access and accurately estimate the value of the resource. This paper introduces CARVE: a Cognitive Agent for Resource

Witchel, Emmett

455

Nitrogen trifluoride global emissions estimated from updated atmospheric measurements  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nitrogen trifluoride global emissions estimated from updated atmospheric measurements Tim Arnolda,1's radiative budget; however, our understand- ing of its atmospheric burden and emission rates has been limited together with an atmo- spheric model and inverse method, we estimate that the global emissions of NF3

Severinghaus, Jeffrey P.

456

Estimating Emissions in Latin America: An Alternative to Traffic Models  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Estimating Emissions in Latin America: An Alternative to Traffic Models Margarita Ossés de Eicker; Hans Hurni, Centre for Development and Environment (CDE), University of Bern, Switzerland Emissions allow precise estimations of these emissions but are too expensive for a broad application. A simplifed

Richner, Heinz

457

Estimating Usage Can Reduce the Stress of Social Networking  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Estimating Usage Can Reduce the Stress of Social Networking Abstract Social networks participants with an objective measure of their social network usage and also asked them for a daily estimate of their usage over the previous 24 hours. Although their social network usage did not significantly change

Subramanian, Sriram

458

POSITIVITY CASES, ESTIMATES AND ASYMPTOTIC EXPANSIONS FOR CONDENSER CAPACITIES.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

POSITIVITY CASES, ESTIMATES AND ASYMPTOTIC EXPANSIONS FOR CONDENSER CAPACITIES. ALAIN BONNAF´E Abstract. We study positivity cases, estimates and asymptotic expansions of condenser p the internal part of the condenser has a non-empty interior. The study of the point and its approximation

Boyer, Edmond

459

Parameter Estimation from an Optimal Projection in a Local Environment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The parameter fit from a model grid is limited by our capability to reduce the number of models, taking into account the number of parameters and the non linear variation of the models with the parameters. The Local MultiLinear Regression (LMLR) algorithms allow one to fit linearly the data in a local environment. The MATISSE algorithm, developed in the context of the estimation of stellar parameters from the Gaia RVS spectra, is connected to this class of estimators. A two-steps procedure was introduced. A raw parameter estimation is first done in order to localize the parameter environment. The parameters are then estimated by projection on specific vectors computed for an optimal estimation. The MATISSE method is compared to the estimation using the objective analysis. In this framework, the kernel choice plays an important role. The environment needed for the parameter estimation can result from it. The determination of a first parameter set can be also avoided for this analysis. These procedures based on a local projection can be fruitfully applied to non linear parameter estimation if the number of data sets to be fitted is greater than the number of models.

A. Bijaoui; A. Recio-Blanco; P. de Laverny

2008-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

460

Estimation and prediction in spatial models with block composite likelihoods  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Estimation and prediction in spatial models with block composite likelihoods Jo Eidsvik1 , Benjamin, IA 50011, U.S.A. (niemi@iastate.edu) 1 #12;Abstract A block composite likelihood is developed for estimation and prediction in large spatial datasets. The composite likelihood is constructed from the joint

Reich, Brian J.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mfw estimates figures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Statistical estimation of multiple faults in aircraft gas turbine engines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

415 Statistical estimation of multiple faults in aircraft gas turbine engines S Sarkar, C Rao of multiple faults in aircraft gas-turbine engines, based on a statistical pattern recognition tool called commercial aircraft engine. Keywords: aircraft propulsion, gas turbine engines, multiple fault estimation

Ray, Asok

462

Concurrent signal combining and channel estimation in digital communications  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

In the reception of digital information transmitted on a communication channel, a characteristic exhibited by the communication channel during transmission of the digital information is estimated based on a communication signal that represents the digital information and has been received via the communication channel. Concurrently with the estimating, the communication signal is used to decide what digital information was transmitted.

Ormesher, Richard C. (Albuquerque, NM); Mason, John J. (Albuquerque, NM)

2011-08-30T23:59:59.000Z

463

A Unified Framework for Designing Optimal STSA Estimators Assuming Maximum  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) estimators for speech enhancement assuming phase equivalence of speech and noise. By assuming additive measure [34], when applied to the Noizeus database [28]. Although single-channel speech enhancement;2 Speech Enhancement, Noise Suppression, Short-Time Spectral Amplitude Estimation, Generalized Gamma

Alwan, Abeer

464

Optimal Training Signals for MIMO OFDM Channel Estimation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Optimal Training Signals for MIMO OFDM Channel Estimation Hlaing Minn*, Member, IEEE and Naofal Al.minn@utdallas.edu, aldhahir@utdallas.edu Abstract--This paper presents general classes of optimal train- ing signals transform are used to derive the optimal training signals which minimize the channel estimation mean square

Minn, Hlaing

465

Terrain Based Vehicle Orientation Estimation Combining Vision and Inertial Measurements  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and yaw. A kinematic Kalman filter modeling an inertial navigation system then uses the scene matching/IMU system, the roll, pitch and yaw estimates from vision/IMU Kalman filter show an agreement with a (2 Park, PA, 16802 sbrennan@psu.edu Abstract A novel method for estimating vehicle roll, pitch and yaw

Brennan, Sean

466

Accurate Static Pose Estimation Combining Direct Regression and Geodesic Extrema  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Accurate Static Pose Estimation Combining Direct Regression and Geodesic Extrema Brian Holt, Eng with the extraction of geodesic extrema to find extremities. We show how these approaches are complementary obtained by exploiting the geodesic structure supports accurate estimation of extremal points which cor

Bowden, Richard

467

Savings Estimates for the ENERGY STAR Voluntary Labeling Program  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. This paper presents past and predicted savings for the ENERGY STAR ® labeling program, operated jointly appliances. This report presents savings estimates for a subset of ENERGY STAR program activities, focused primarily on labeled products. We present estimates of the energy, dollar and carbon savings achieved

468

Statistical Leakage Estimation in 32nm CMOS Considering Cells Correlations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Statistical Leakage Estimation in 32nm CMOS Considering Cells Correlations Smriti Joshi 1 *, Anne into account input states and process variations is proposed. The statistical leakage estimation is based components in a device depend on the transistor geometry and threshold voltage, statistical variation

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

469

Wind field estimation for autonomous dynamic soaring Jack W. Langelaan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Wind field estimation for autonomous dynamic soaring Jack W. Langelaan Aerospace Engineering, Penn for distributed parameter estimation of a previously unknown wind field is described. The application is dynamic parameterization of the wind field is used, allowing implementation of a linear Kalman filter for parameter

Spletzer, John R.

470

Estimation of Wind Speed in Connection to a Wind Turbine  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Estimation of Wind Speed in Connection to a Wind Turbine X. Ma #3; , N. K. Poulsen #3; , H. Bindner y December 20, 1995 Abstract The wind speed varies over the rotor plane of wind turbine making the wind speed on the rotor plane will be estimated by using a wind turbine as a wind measuring device

471

Parameter estimation for knowledge and diagnosis of electrical machines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Chapitre 1 Parameter estimation for knowledge and diagnosis of electrical machines Jean in "Control Methods for Electrical Machines, ISTE Ltd and John Wiley & Sons Inc (Ed.) (2009) 207-243" DOI : 10.1002/9780470611760 #12;Chapter 1 Parameter estimation for knowledge and diagnosis of electrical machines 1

Boyer, Edmond

472

A Parametric Spectral Estimator for Faults Detection in Induction Machines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for fault diagnosis in electrical machines. Current spectral estimation is usually performed using classical and productivity of electrical drives. For electrical motors and generators, fault detection is usually performedA Parametric Spectral Estimator for Faults Detection in Induction Machines El Houssin El Bouchikhi

Boyer, Edmond

473

Seismic shape parameters estimation and ground-roll suppression using  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Seismic shape parameters estimation and ground-roll suppression using vector-sensor beamforming the problem of estimating the shape parameters of seismic wavefields in linear arrays. The purpose of the subsurface layers from the seismic wavefields registered by surface sensors. However, only the waves

Spagnolini, Umberto

474

ACCELERATED SPATIO-TEMPORAL WAVELET TRANSFORMS: AN ITERATIVE TRAJECTORY ESTIMATION. *  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ACCELERATED SPATIO-TEMPORAL WAVELET TRANSFORMS: AN ITERATIVE TRAJECTORY ESTIMATION. * Jean accelerated motion in spatio-temporal discrete sig- nals. It is assumed that the digital signals of inter- est, they contain all the orders of acceleration. The purpose of this work is to estimate the trajectory

Wickerhauser, M. Victor

475

Blind subpixel Point Spread Function estimation from scaled image pairs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Blind subpixel Point Spread Function estimation from scaled image pairs Mauricio Delbracio Andr, causing aliasing effects. This work introduces a blind algorithm for the subpixel estimation of the point shows that the proposed algorithm reaches the accuracy levels of the best non- blind state

Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

476

FRACTAL DIMENSION ESTIMATION: EMPIRICAL MODE DECOMPOSITION VERSUS WAVELETS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FRACTAL DIMENSION ESTIMATION: EMPIRICAL MODE DECOMPOSITION VERSUS WAVELETS Paulo Gonc¸alves INRIA, France. {firstname.lastname}@ens-lyon.fr ABSTRACT We address the problem of fractal dimension estimation motions. Index Terms-- fractal dimension, regularity exponents, wavelet transform, EMD 1. MOTIVATION

Gonçalves, Paulo

477

Blind Channel Estimation for Orthogonal STBC in MISO Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Blind Channel Estimation for Orthogonal STBC in MISO Systems Elzbieta Beres, and Raviraj Adve-input single-output (MISO) systems, with specific focus on Alamouti's code for two transmit antennas of the received signal. Unlike previous blind estimation schemes for MISO systems, the proposed algorithm

Adve, Raviraj

478

Statistical Methods for Estimating the Minimum Thickness Along a Pipeline  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

along the pipeline can be used to estimate corrosion levels. The traditional parametric model method for this problem is to estimate parameters of a specified corrosion distribution and then to use these parameters companies use pipelines to transfer oil, gas and other materials from one place to another. Manufactures

479

Local Harmonic Estimation in Musical Sound Rafael A. IRIZARRY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Local Harmonic Estimation in Musical Sound Signals Rafael A. IRIZARRY Statistical modeling so a local harmonic model that tracks changes in pitch and in the amplitudes of the harmonics is fit estimates of the harmonic signal and of the noise signal. Different musical composition applications may

Irizarry, Rafael A.

480

Remote estimation of carbon dioxide uptake by a Mediterranean forest  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to assessing the global carbon budget in a context of climate change (Ciais et al., 2005; Boisvenue & RunningRemote estimation of carbon dioxide uptake by a Mediterranean forest M A R T I´ N F. G A R B U L of the ecology of global change. Current remote sensing methodologies for estimating gross primary productivity

Garbulsky, Martín

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mfw estimates figures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Towards Human Energy Expenditure Estimation Using Smart Phone Inertial Sensors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to reliably estimate energy expenditure (EE). Direct calorimetry [5] measures the heat produced by human bodyTowards Human Energy Expenditure Estimation Using Smart Phone Inertial Sensors Bozidara Cvetkovi´c1 human energy expenditure during sport and normal daily ac- tivities. The paper presents technical

Lu?trek, Mitja

482

Estimating the Potential Impact of Renewable Energy on the Caribbean  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Estimating the Potential Impact of Renewable Energy on the Caribbean Job Sector Rebekah Shirley spur the creation of more jobs per unit of energy delivered locally than `business as usual' fossil with its Energy Efficiency (EE) and Renewable Energy (RE) campaign. We present a Green Jobs estimator which

Kammen, Daniel M.

483

Sensitivity of health risk estimates to air quality adjustment procedure  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This letter is a summary of risk results associated with exposure estimates using two-parameter Weibull and quadratic air quality adjustment procedures (AQAPs). New exposure estimates were developed for children and child-occurrences, six urban areas, and five alternative air quality scenarios. In all cases, the Weibull and quadratic results are compared to previous results, which are based on a proportional AQAP.

Whitfield, R.G.

1997-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

484

Eigen-Inference for Energy Estimation of Multiple Sources  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

by overlaying the spectrum licensed to outdoors R. Couillet and M. Debbah are with the Alcatel-Lucent Chair techniques. Index Terms--Statistical inference, random matrix theory, power estimation, cognitive radio, G-estimation. I. INTRODUCTION At a time when radio resources become scarce, the alterna- tive offered by cognitive

485

The Horseshoe Estimator for Sparse Signals Carlos M. Carvalho  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Horseshoe Estimator for Sparse Signals Carlos M. Carvalho Nicholas G. Polson University of Chicago Booth School of Business James G. Scott Duke University Department of Statistical Science October estimator. The horseshoe is a close cousin of other widely used Bayes rules arising from, for example

Qiu, Robert Caiming

486

Estimate Impact of Strategies on Greenhouse Gas Emissions  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

To estimate the GHG impact of a business travel reduction program, a Federal agency or program should quantify the number of trips that could be avoided each year. If an agency has a large proportion of international travel, the agency may estimate changes in domestic and international trips separately because the associated savings in miles can be very different.

487

Retrieval of Melt Pond Coverage from MODIS using Optimal Estimation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

results showed an error in melt pond coverage estimation of 1.1%. The technique was then applied to Svalbard sea ice over the 2003 melt season to produce an estimate of melt pond coverage evolution. This melt pond evolution showed a similar general trend...

Dodd, Emma

2011-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

488

Direct Estimation of Noisy Sinusoids Using Abductive Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Direct Estimation of Noisy Sinusoids Using Abductive Networks R. E. Abdel-Aal Center for Applied portable apparatus for fast and automated estimation in real time. We propose using abductive network, Machine learning, Abductive networks, Cramer-Rao bounds, Sinusoid, Gaussian noise. Dr. R. E. Abdel-Aal, P

Abdel-Aal, Radwan E.

489

FUNCTIONAL ESTIMATION FOR A MULTICOMPONENT AGE REPLACEMENT MODEL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 FUNCTIONAL ESTIMATION FOR A MULTICOMPONENT AGE REPLACEMENT MODEL Pierre L'Ecuyer, Benoit Martin, controlled by a replacement rule based on age thresholds. We show how to estimate the expected cost­ generative simulation, maintenance models, age replacement policies. #12; 2 L'ECUYER, MARTIN, AND V ' AZQUEZ

L'Ecuyer, Pierre

490

FUNCTIONAL ESTIMATION FOR A MULTICOMPONENT AGE REPLACEMENT MODEL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FUNCTIONAL ESTIMATION FOR A MULTICOMPONENT AGE REPLACEMENT MODEL Pierre L'Ecuyer, Benoit Martin, controlled by a replacement rule based on age thresholds. We show how to estimate the expected cost­ generative simulation, maintenance models, age replacement policies. #12; L'ECUYER, MARTIN, AND V ' AZQUEZ

Vázquez-Abad, Felisa J.

491

Estimation of Parameters in Carbon Sequestration Models from Net Ecosystem  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Estimation of Parameters in Carbon Sequestration Models from Net Ecosystem Exchange Data Luther in the context of a deterministic com- partmental carbon sequestration system. Sensitivity and approximation usefulness in the estimation of parameters within a compartmental carbon sequestration model. Previously we

White, Luther

492

GMM Estimation of a Maximum Entropy Distribution with Interval Data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

GMM Estimation of a Maximum Entropy Distribution with Interval Data Ximing Wu* and Jeffrey M estimate it using a simple yet flexible maximum entropy density. Our Monte Carlo simulations show that the proposed maximum entropy density is able to approximate various distributions extremely well. The two

Perloff, Jeffrey M.

493

Kalman Filtering with Inequality Constraints for Turbofan Engine Health Estimation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Constraints, Estimation, Quadratic Pro- gramming, Gas Turbine Engines. 1 Introduction For linear dynamic simulation of a turbofan engine to estimate health parameters. The turbofan engine model con- tains 16 state. However, in the application of Kalman ¯lters there is often known model or signal information

Simon, Dan

494

Spatial Spectral Estimation forSpatial Spectral Estimation for Reactor Modeling and ControlReactor Modeling and Control  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Spatial Spectral Estimation forSpatial Spectral Estimation for Reactor Modeling and ControlReactor in Magnox nuclear reactors l Establish safe operating limits l Issues: ­ Subset of measurements ­ Control Modeling and Control Carl Scarrott Granville Tunnicliffe-Wilson Lancaster University, UK c

Scarrott, Carl

495

Rate Estimates In order to estimate the time needed to obtain a complete data set for one combination  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Appendix C Rate Estimates In order to estimate the time needed to obtain a complete data set for one combination of colliding beams at one energy the following requirements were defined to obtain the model predictions. Also, since emphasis is put on the most central collisions, a 5% trigger is employed

496

Development of a right-of-way cost estimation and cost estimate management process framework for highway projects  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Escalation of right-of-way (ROW) costs have been shown to be a prime contributor to project cost escalation in the highway industry. Two problems contribute to ROW cost escalation: 1) the ROW cost estimation and cost estimate management process...

Lucas, Matthew Allen

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

497

Example: the Mediterranean basin Statistical Model Estimation Hypothesis testing Estimation and joint testing of temporal and spatial  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and joint testing of temporal and spatial patterns in Climate Change Jean-Marc Azaïs, Aurélien Ribes, Journées climat, Orsay 28 et 29 Janvier 2010 #12;Example: the Mediterranean basin Statistical ModelExample: the Mediterranean basin Statistical Model Estimation Hypothesis testing Estimation

498

Methodology for reconstruction of historical food consumption estimates  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report was written to provide the food consumption methodology to be used in the Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction (HDER) Project beyond Phase I (which ended in July 1990). In Phase I (Callaway 1992), baseline food consumption estimates (grams per day) for 10 primary food types in the original 10-county study region were derived from the 1977--1978 National Food Consumption Survey (USDA 1983). The baseline estimates were multiplied by the 1945:1977 ratios to produce consumption estimates for 1945. This ratio backcasting method used in Phase I to project consumption estimates from 1977 back to 1945 will be refined using additional USDA data to improve and document the acceptability of the ratios for deriving backcast consumption estimates. The number of food types and population groups will be expanded to provide more disaggregated estimates of food consumption. Food consumption estimates will be developed for 1945, 1951, and 1957. A database of individual diets will be created from which daily diets will be randomly selected for use in the dose model to calculate doses for reference individuals.

Anderson, D.M.

1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

Optimized replica gas estimation of absolute integrals and partition functions.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In contrast with most Monte Carlo integration algorithms, which are used to estimate ratios, the replica gas identities recently introduced by Adib enable the estimation of absolute integrals and partition functions using multiple copies of a system and normalized transition functions. Here, an optimized form is presented. After generalizing a replica gas identity with an arbitrary weighting function, we obtain a functional form that has the minimal asymptotic variance for samples from two replicas and is provably good for a larger number. This equation is demonstrated to improve the convergence of partition function estimates in a two-dimensional Ising model.

Minh, D. (Biosciences Division)

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

Estimating Equivalency of Explosives Through A Thermochemical Approach  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Cheetah thermochemical computer code provides an accurate method for estimating the TNT equivalency of any explosive, evaluated either with respect to peak pressure or the quasi-static pressure at long time in a confined volume. Cheetah calculates the detonation energy and heat of combustion for virtually any explosive (pure or formulation). Comparing the detonation energy for an explosive with that of TNT allows estimation of the TNT equivalency with respect to peak pressure, while comparison of the heat of combustion allows estimation of TNT equivalency with respect to quasi-static pressure. We discuss the methodology, present results for many explosives, and show comparisons with equivalency data from other sources.

Maienschein, J L

2002-07-08T23:59:59.000Z