National Library of Energy BETA

Sample records for mfw estimates figures

  1. Figure ES1. Schema for Estimating Energy and Energy-Related Statistics,

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet)DecadeYear Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun20032,485,331Gas2001 ES1 Figure ES1. Schema

  2. ESRP 285 Climate Chart Questions: Your Name _______________________________ You saw Figure 1 in class. It shows estimates of atmospheric CO2 in black, average earth

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ford, Andrew

    in class. It shows estimates of atmospheric CO2 in black, average earth temperature in red and sea level from the readings for the 3rd class meeting. Figure 2. Closer look at the most recent 50,000 years 1

  3. Facts, Figures

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformation Current HABFES OctoberEvan Racah861 ANNUAL|FacilityAbout » Facts, Figures

  4. Supplemental Material Supplemental Figure Legends

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tsien, Roger Y.

    Supplemental Material Supplemental Figure Legends Supp. Fig. 1. Fluorescence images of 3-D clusters) for Integrative Biology This journal is (c) The Royal Society of Chemistry 2009 #12;Supplemental Figures

  5. Scientific Prospectus Figure 1. Proposed drill sites (white circles with black rims) and alternates (solid circles) for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . (1985) Neogene equatorial Pacific seismic stratigraphy. Figure 4. A schematic of the equatorial sediment the model shown here and in Figure 5. TWTT = two-way traveltime. Figure 5. Tentative seismic stratigraphy was estimated from physical properties of sediments and the distance between seismic reflectors in profiles

  6. Supplementary Figure 1 Steen Supplementary Figure 1. Pseudocode outlining of the computational algorithm. Pseudocode

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gunawardena, Jeremy

    Supplementary Figure 1 Steen Supplementary Figure 1. Pseudocode outlining of the computational algorithm. Pseudocode outlining the main steps of our procedure for detecting unannotated translation

  7. Microsoft Word - Figure_01.doc

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963Residential2, 2014 MEMORANDUMProvedFeet) Year (2002/03)3 Figure 1.

  8. Microsoft Word - figure_04.doc

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963Residential2, 2014 MEMORANDUMProvedFeet) YearNatural GasA Figure11

  9. PHOBOS Experiment: Figures and Data

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    The PHOBOS Collaboration

    PHOBOS consists of many silicon detectors surrounding the interaction region. With these detectors physicists can count the total number of produced particles and study the angular distributions of all the products. Physicists know from other branches of physics that a characteristic of phase transitions are fluctuations in physical observables. With the PHOBOS array they look for unusual events or fluctuations in the number of particles and angular distribution. The articles that have appeared in refereed science journals are listed here with separate links to the supporting data plots, figures, and tables of numeric data.  See also supporting data for articles in technical journals at http://www.phobos.bnl.gov/Publications/Technical/phobos_technical_publications.htm and from conference proceedings at http://www.phobos.bnl.gov/Publications/Proceedings/phobos_proceedings_publications.htm

  10. Toto the Robot Figure 1. Toto, front view. Figure 2. Toto, rear view.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Indiana University

    Toto the Robot Figure 1. Toto, front view. Figure 2. Toto, rear view. Toto the Robot was created so a robot, helps account for his lack of verbal charm. Second, some younger children may recognize in Toto

  11. Supplementary Figure Captions Supplementary Figure 1 Caption: Map showing earthquake epicenters (black stars),

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garnero, Ed

    ), and 12 lines along which cross-sections are made through the migration image volume in the lower mantle (green lines) in Supplementary Figures 2-4, and box indicating the area spanned by migration images at constant depth in Supplementary Figure 5. Profiles A-A' and B-B' in Figure 1 correspond to profiles D

  12. Are Figure Legends Sufficient? Evaluating the Contribution of Associated Text to Biomedical Figure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yu, Hong

    - 1 - Are Figure Legends Sufficient? Evaluating the Contribution of Associated Text to Biomedical@ohsu.edu Abstract Background Biomedical scientists need to access figures to validate research facts. Such systems could be very useful in improving figure retrieval and in reducing the workload of biomedical

  13. Figure 7.7. A digital system like the one in Figure 7.2. Figure 7.8. Using multiplexers to implement a bus.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kalla, Priyank

    for the pseudo-code in Figure 7.16. #12;Figure 7.20. Verilog code for the bit-counting circuit (Part a). module

  14. Supplementary Figures: Figure S1: In order to verify that our main analysis (Figure 4 of the main manuscript) was not an artifact of the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Van Rullen, Rufin

    Supplementary Figures: Figure S1: In order to verify that our main analysis (Figure 4 of the main (Figure 3 of the main manuscript), we replicated this analysis 3 times, each time with a different random selection of trials. The three additional iterations confirm the results of the main analysis (replicated

  15. Muon Figures: 2001/04/19 Chris Waltham

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Learned, John

    TO SAVE SPACE. Figure 6: Muon event: PMT hit times in ns. OMITTED TO SAVE SPACE. A B C W E N S Figure 7

  16. Top 100 historical figures of Wikipedia 1 Top 100 historical figures of Wikipedia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shepelyansky, Dima

    Top 100 historical figures of Wikipedia 1 Top 100 historical figures of Wikipedia The top 100 papers. In the statistical respects this top 100 list is of differs from the historical, cultural grounds of those approaches they have overlap of about 43 percent with the top 100 list of Hart

  17. ANTHROPOMETRY FOR COMPUTER GRAPHICS HUMAN FIGURES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Badler, Norman I.

    ANTHROPOMETRY FOR COMPUTER GRAPHICS HUMAN FIGURES Marc R. Grosso1 Richard D. Quach2 Ernest Otani3, Warren, Michigan 48090-9040. i #12;Contents 1 Introduction 1 2 Anthropometry Issues 1 3 Implementation : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : 21 11.4 Spreadsheet Anthropometry Scaling System (SASS

  18. Modeling, Animation, and Rendering of Human Figures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Güdükbay, Ugur

    7 Modeling, Animation, and Rendering of Human Figures Ugur G¨ud¨ukbay, B¨ulent ¨Ozg¨u¸c, Aydemir, Ankara, Turkey Human body modeling and animation has long been an important and challenging area virtual humans in action: video games, films, television, virtual reality, ergonomics, medicine

  19. Figure correction of multilayer coated optics

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Chapman; Henry N. (Livermore, CA), Taylor; John S. (Livermore, CA)

    2010-02-16

    A process is provided for producing near-perfect optical surfaces, for EUV and soft-x-ray optics. The method involves polishing or otherwise figuring the multilayer coating that has been deposited on an optical substrate, in order to correct for errors in the figure of the substrate and coating. A method such as ion-beam milling is used to remove material from the multilayer coating by an amount that varies in a specified way across the substrate. The phase of the EUV light that is reflected from the multilayer will be affected by the amount of multilayer material removed, but this effect will be reduced by a factor of 1-n as compared with height variations of the substrate, where n is the average refractive index of the multilayer.

  20. Parameter estimation from flowing fluid temperature logging data in unsaturated fractured rock using multiphase inverse modeling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mukhopadhyay, S.

    2009-01-01

    the Drift Scale Test at Yucca Mountain Figure 1a. Figure 1b.Drift Scale Test at Yucca Mountain, Nevada, J. of Contam.gas into a tunnel at Yucca Mountain – Estimating large-scale

  1. Microsoft Word - Figure_09-2015.doc

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963Residential2, 2014 MEMORANDUMProvedFeet) Year (2002/03)3 Figure3

  2. Microsoft Word - Figure_13_2015.doc

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963Residential2, 2014 MEMORANDUMProvedFeet) Year (2002/03)3 Figure335

  3. Microsoft Word - Figure_15_2015.docx

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963Residential2, 2014 MEMORANDUMProvedFeet) Year (2002/03)3 Figure335

  4. Microsoft Word - figure_02_2015.doc

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963Residential2, 2014 MEMORANDUMProvedFeet) YearNatural GasA Figure

  5. Surface figure control for coated optics

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Ray-Chaudhuri, Avijit K. (Livermore, CA); Spence, Paul A. (Pleasanton, CA); Kanouff, Michael P. (Livermore, CA)

    2001-01-01

    A pedestal optical substrate that simultaneously provides high substrate dynamic stiffness, provides low surface figure sensitivity to mechanical mounting hardware inputs, and constrains surface figure changes caused by optical coatings to be primarily spherical in nature. The pedestal optical substrate includes a disk-like optic or substrate section having a top surface that is coated, a disk-like base section that provides location at which the substrate can be mounted, and a connecting cylindrical section between the base and optics or substrate sections. The optic section has an optical section thickness.sup.2 /optical section diameter ratio of between about 5 to 10 mm, and a thickness variation between front and back surfaces of less than about 10%. The connecting cylindrical section may be attached via three spaced legs or members. However, the pedestal optical substrate can be manufactured from a solid piece of material to form a monolith, thus avoiding joints between the sections, or the disk-like base can be formed separately and connected to the connecting section. By way of example, the pedestal optical substrate may be utilized in the fabrication of optics for an extreme ultraviolet (EUV) lithography imaging system, or in any optical system requiring coated optics and substrates with reduced sensitivity to mechanical mounts.

  6. Supplementary Figures Figure S1. Ambient seismic noise levels in dB relative to velocity power at two stations,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jackson, Jennifer M.

    Supplementary Figures Figure S1. Ambient seismic noise levels in dB relative to velocity power at two stations, HFN3 and BFN1, (Figure 1B). Both stations have three components (East, North, Vertical; or ENZ) but different types of instruments (EP, HH). The drop in power at frequencies less than 2 Hz

  7. Estimates of Energy Consumption by Building Type and End Use at U.S. Army Installations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Konopacki, S.J.

    2010-01-01

    4. Figure 5-5. 1993 Electricity Consumption Estimates by EndkWh/ft ) 1993 Electricity Consumption Estimates by End Useof Total) 1993 Electricity Consumption Estimates by End Use

  8. Improving the Carbon Dioxide Emission Estimates from the Combustion of Fossil Fuels in California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de la Rue du Can, Stephane

    2010-01-01

    do Fossil Fuel Carbon Dioxide Emissions from California Go?Figure 1. 2004 Carbon Dioxide Emissions from Fuel CombustionImproving the Carbon Dioxide Emission Estimates from the

  9. Utility DSM Rebates for electronic ballasts: National estimates and market impact (1992 - 1997)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Busch, C.B.; Atkinson, B.A.; Eto, J.H.; Turiel, I.; McMahon, J.E.

    2000-01-01

    Figure 1. Ballast Shipment and DSM Rebate Data . . . . .Side Management (DSM) rebates for electronic fluorescent2 Electronic Ballast DSM Rebate Estimates Derived from Core

  10. Distributed Estimation Distributed Estimation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gupta, Vijay

    with a Star Topology 2 2.1 Static Sensor Fusion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 2.1.1 Combining Estimators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 2.1.2 Static Sensor Fusion for Star Topology;Distributed Estimation 3 Non-Ideal Networks with Star Topology 10 3.1 Sensor Fusion in Presence of Message

  11. Estimating Methods

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    1997-03-28

    Based on the project's scope, the purpose of the estimate, and the availability of estimating resources, the estimator can choose one or a combination of techniques when estimating an activity or project. Estimating methods, estimating indirect and direct costs, and other estimating considerations are discussed in this chapter.

  12. Figure 1. Typical Slow Sand Filter Schematic Supernatant Water

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Figure 1. Typical Slow Sand Filter Schematic Headspace Supernatant Water Schmutzdecke Raw water for support and also at the bottom an underdrain system collects the filtered water (Figure 1). As water of SSFs to marginal source waters, filter harrowing and faster methods of filter scraping have greatly

  13. Exploring figurative language processing in bilinguals: the metaphor interference effect 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martinez, Francisco Emigdio

    2005-02-17

    While studies suggest that figurative, or non-literal, meanings are automatically activated in single language users, little is known about how language proficiency may influence the automaticity of non-literal meaning ...

  14. Comprehensive figures of merit for passive and active plasmonic circuits

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krasavin, Alexey V

    2015-01-01

    In this article a comprehensive figures of merit for both passive and active plasmonic circuit components are introduced, benchmarking their performance for the realisation of high-bandwidth optical data communication in electronic chips. For the first time the figure of merit for passive plasmonic interconnects has been derived in terms of ultimate global characteristics of the plasmonic circuitry, particularly bandwidth and power consumption densities. Then, these parameters were linked to the local waveguide characteristics, such as mode propagation length, bending radius, etc. The figure has been applied to provide a comprehensive comparison to the main types of the plasmonics waveguides and can serve as an excellent benchmark for future designs. Completing the development of broadband optical on-chip data communication, we developed an all-inclusive figure of merit for active photonic- or plasmonic-based electro-optic modulators, establishing the communication between electronic and photonic chip domains...

  15. Precipitation and Snowpack Figure 1: Month to Date Precipitation (1-23 January 2011). Figure 2: 7 Day Precipitation (17-23 January 11).

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collett Jr., Jeffrey L.

    Precipitation and Snowpack Figure 1: Month to Date Precipitation (1-23 January 2011). Figure 2: 7 Day Precipitation (17-23 January 11). Much of the high country in the Upper Colorado River Basin (UCRB.00" for January to date (Figure 1). Over the past seven days, however (Figure 2), precipitation has been

  16. Suppl. Figure S1 Supplementary Figure S1. EEG power spectra during late NREM sleep. A. EEG power

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Suppl. Figure S1 Supplementary Figure S1. EEG power spectra during late NREM sleep. A. EEG power spectra are presented for 6 age groups (purple 2-5y, green 5-8y, red 8-11y, yellow 11-14y, blue 14- 17y. Topographical distribution of the relative variability of EEG power. The standard error of the mean power

  17. Increasing the thermoelectric figure of merit of tetrahedrites by Co-doping with nickel and zinc

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lu, X; Morelli, DT; Xia, Y; Ozolins, V

    2015-01-01

    Increasing  the  Thermoelectric  Figure  of  Merit  of  increase   in   the   thermoelectric   figure   of   merit  coefficient  and  thermoelectric  power  factor;  and  2)  

  18. Figure 1. Location of geologic provinces considered in this study.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of northeast Mexico and southeast Texas. The Pimienta Formation of the Tampico-Misantla Basin is equivalent equivalent to the Agua Nue- va Formation of northeast Mexico (Peterson, 1985). [Gp., Group; Fm., Formation; Cgl., conglomerate; Ls., limestone; Sh., shale; Evap., evaporite] Figure 3. Schematic diagram showing

  19. List of Figures xii List of Tables xv

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nagurney, Anna

    . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 137 II Energy Supply Chains 139 6 Electric Power Supply Chains 141 6.1 The Supply Chain ModelContents List of Figures xii List of Tables xv Preface xvi I Supply Chain Networks 1 1 Introduction and Overview 3 2 Supply Chain Networks 9 2.1 The Supply Chain Network Model . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 2

  20. Ion beam figuring of small optical components Thomas W. Drueding

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bifano, Thomas

    machining system at NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center. This system is designed for processing small (10-cm Flight Center, Alabama 35812 Scott R. Wilson Sandia Systems Incorporated 2655-A PanAmerican Freeway NE provides a method for performing the figuring process with advantages over standard mechanical methods. Ion

  1. ORANGE COUNTY FACTS & FIGURES Center for Demographic Research, March 2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Lijser, Peter

    Population Projections (OCP-2010 Modified) Source: Center for Demographic Research HOUSING Current DOF Decennial Census Figure 4/1/2010: 1,048,907 Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census, 2010 Housing Projections (OCP Price of Existing Resale Single Family Dwelling Units Feb 2013 Jan 2014 Feb 2014 Feb `13 to Feb `14

  2. Disorder enhances thermoelectric figure of merit in armchair graphane nanoribbons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Baowen

    Disorder enhances thermoelectric figure of merit in armchair graphane nanoribbons Xiaoxi Ni,1 2009; accepted 20 October 2009; published online 13 November 2009 We study the thermoelectric property-based materials a viable choice for thermoelectric applications. © 2009 American Institute of Physics. doi:10

  3. Digital System Design Figure 7.1. Tri-state driver.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kalla, Priyank

    for Chapter 7 #12;Figure 7.15. Timing simulation for the Verilog code in Figure 7.14. #12;Figure 7.16 Pseudo-code;Figure 7.17. ASM chart for the pseudo-code in Figure 7.16. Please see "portrait orientation" Power-shift A ; end for; (b) Pseudo-code Multiplicand1 1 Product Multiplier1 0 0 1 1 1 1101 1011 0000 1011 01 001111

  4. Polarized Ion Beams in Figure-8 Rings of JLab's MEIC

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Derbenev, Yaroslav; Lin, Fanglei; Morozov, Vasiliy; Zhang, Yuhong; Kondratenko, Anatoliy; Kondratenko, M.A.; Filatov, Yury

    2014-07-01

    The Medium-energy Electron-Ion Collider (MEIC) proposed by Jefferson Lab is designed to provide high polarization of both colliding beams. One of the unique features of JLab's MEIC is figure-8 shape of its rings. It allows preservation and control of polarization of all ion species including small-anomalous-magnetic-moment deuterons during their acceleration and storage. The figure-8 design conceptually expands the capability of obtaining polarized high-energy beams in comparison to conventional designs because of its property of having no preferred periodic spin direction. This allows one to control effectively the beam polarization by means of magnetic insertions with small field integrals. We present a complete scheme for preserving the ion polarization during all stages of acceleration and its control in the collider's experimental straights.

  5. NOvA (Fermilab E929) Official Plots and Figures

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    The NOvA collaboration, consisting of 180 researchers across 28 institutions and managed by the Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (FNAL), is developing instruments for a neutrino-focused experiment that will attempt to answer three fundamental questions in neutrino physics: 1) Can we observe the oscillation of muon neutrinos to electron neutrinos; 2) What is the ordering of the neutrino masses; and 3) What is the symmetry between matter and antimatter? The collaboration makes various data plots and figures available. These are grouped under five headings, with brief descriptions included for each individual figure: Neutrino Spectra, Detector Overview, Theta12 Mass Hierarchy CP phase, Theta 23 Delta Msqr23, and NuSterile.

  6. Patterned Fabric Know - How (Plaids, Stripes, Checks, and Figured Designs). 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anoymous,

    1984-01-01

    Fabric mow-Kbw Contents Design Principles and Patterned Fabrics Pattern Selection Fabric Construction Selecting and Preparing Fabric Kinds of Plaids and Stripes Pri nts Other Patterned Fabrics Combining Patterned Fabrics Amount of Fabric Needed... Fabric Preparation Pattern Placement For a Pleasi ng Effect For Matching Assembling the Garment Fabric Care References 3 4 4 5 5 5 6 7 7 7 7 7 9 10 10 11 PATTERNED FABRIC KNOW-HOW (Plaids, Stripes, Checks and Figured Designs...

  7. Representing holy foolishness: an investigation of the holy fool as a critical figure in European cinema 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Birzache, Alina Gabriela

    2013-07-05

    In this thesis I investigate the evolving figure of the holy fool as a critical figure in European cinema. Three national cinemas - Soviet and post-Soviet cinema, French cinema, and Danish cinema – form the primary focus ...

  8. Enhancing the Figure-of-Merit in Half-Heuslers for Vehicle Waste...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    the Figure-of-Merit in Half-Heuslers for Vehicle Waste Heat Recovery Enhancing the Figure-of-Merit in Half-Heuslers for Vehicle Waste Heat Recovery Good ZT can occur in...

  9. Microsoft Word - Figure_05-2015new.doc

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963Residential2, 2014 MEMORANDUMProvedFeet) Year (2002/03)3 Figure

  10. Figure 2. Energy Consumption of Vehicles, Selected Survey Years

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet)DecadeYear Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun20032,485,331Gas ProvedDec.12 13Cubic2 Figure

  11. Figure ES6. Fuel Economy Effects on Annual Energy Growth

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet)DecadeYear Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun20032,485,331Gas2001 ES1ES6 Figure ES6.

  12. 9-D polarized proton transport in the MEIC figure-8 collider ring: first steps

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Meot, F.; Morozov, V. S.

    2014-10-24

    Spin tracking studies in the MEIC figure-8 collider ion ring are presented, based on a very preliminary design of the lattice. They provide numerical illustrations of some of the aspects of the figure-8 concept, including spin-rotator based spin control, and lay out the path towards a complete spin tracking simulation of a figure-8 ring.

  13. Constructing thin subgroups commensurable with the figure-eight knot group

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Akhmedov, Azer

    Constructing thin subgroups commensurable with the figure-eight knot group S. Ballas & D. D. Long contains thin sub- groups commensurable with the figure-eight knot group. 1 Introduction. Following Sarnak. In this note, we shall exhibit subgroups of the fundamental group of the figure eight knot as subgroups

  14. Figure 1:Energy Consumption in USg gy p 1E Roberts, Energy in US

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sutton, Michael

    ;Figure 32: Alternative Transportation Fuels T k l fTank volume for same energy as 55 liters of gasolineFigure 1:Energy Consumption in USg gy p 2008 1E Roberts, Energy in US Source: www.eia.gov #12;Figure 2: US Liquid Demand by Sector and Fuel 2E Roberts, Energy in US Source: EIA: Annual Energy Outlook

  15. Texture evolution of vertically aligned biaxial tungsten nanorods using RHEED surface pole figure technique

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Gwo-Ching

    Texture evolution of vertically aligned biaxial tungsten nanorods using RHEED surface pole figure biaxial tungsten nanorods using RHEED surface pole figure technique R Krishnan1 , Y Liu2 , C Gaire2 , L (RHEED) pole figure technique. The initial polycrystalline film begins to show the inception of biaxial

  16. Mechanism for thermoelectric figure-of-merit enhancement in regimented quantum dot superlattices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mechanism for thermoelectric figure-of-merit enhancement in regimented quantum dot superlattices propose a mechanism for enhancement of the thermoelectric figure-of-merit in regimented quantum dot, as a result, to the thermoelectric figure-of-merit enhancement. To maximize the improvement, one has to tune

  17. Thermoelectric figure of merit as a function of carrier propagation angle in semiconducting superlattices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carlson, Erica

    Thermoelectric figure of merit as a function of carrier propagation angle in semiconducting;Thermoelectric figure of merit as a function of carrier propagation angle in semiconducting superlattices Shuo a fruitful approach for enhancing the figure of merit, ZT, of thermoelectric materials. Generally

  18. Figure 6. Projected Production for the Low Development Rate of...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    6. Projected Production for the Low Development Rate of Technically Recoverable Oil Estimated at 5 Percent, Mean, and 95 Percent Probabilities for the ANWR Coastal Plain of the...

  19. Fermilab E866 (NuSea) Figures and Data Plots

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    None

    The NuSea Experiment at Fermilab studied the internal structure of protons, in particular the difference between up quarks and down quarks. This experiment also addressed at least two other physics questions: nuclear effects on the production of charmonia states (bound states of charm and anti-charm quarks) and energy loss of quarks in nuclei from Drell-Yan measurements on nuclei. While much of the NuSea data are available only to the collaboration, figures, data plots, and tables are presented as stand-alone items for viewing or download. They are listed in conjunction with the published papers, theses, or presentations in which they first appeared. The date range is 1998 to 2008. To see these figures and plots, click on E866 publications or go directly to http://p25ext.lanl.gov/e866/papers/papers.html. Theses are at http://p25ext.lanl.gov/e866/papers/e866theses/e866theses.html and the presentations are found at http://p25ext.lanl.gov/e866/papers/e866talks/e866talks.html. Many of the items are postscript files.

  20. Figure 6: An MTAH for 11 lung tumor contours generated by MDISC based on area, circularity, and extrusiveness.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Los Angeles, University of

    Figure 6: An MTAH for 11 lung tumor contours generated by M­DISC based on area, circularity, and extrusiveness. Figure 7: The CT scanned lung image for image 6 (in Figure 3) with the lung tumor contour

  1. Figure 11 shows the reference irradiance spectrum proposed by Thuillier et al Figure 12 shows the Kitt Peak absolute irradiance spectrum smoothed using a 0.5

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kurucz, Robert L.

    Figure 11 shows the reference irradiance spectrum proposed by Thuillier et al (2004). Figure 12 shows the Kitt Peak absolute irradiance spectrum smoothed using a 0.5 nm triangular bandpass irradiance spectrum subjectively normalized to the Thuillier et al irradiance spectrum. I recommend

  2. Figures 1 et 2 : relevs de tempratures au Pic du Midi Figure 3 : relevs de concentration en dioxyde de carbone au Pic du Midi, Begur (Catalogne) et

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dintrans, Boris

    Aérologie Figures 1 et 2 : relevés de températures au Pic du Midi #12;Figure 3 : relevés de concentration en dioxyde de carbone au Pic du Midi, à Begur (Catalogne) et à Mauna Loa (Hawaï) Questions : Les-rouge. Comment peut-on expliquer l'élévation de température nocturne observée au Pic du Midi ? Quelle hypothèse

  3. STAR (Solenoidal Tracker at RHIC) Figures and Data

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    The STAR Collaboration

    The primary physics task of STAR is to study the formation and characteristics of the quark-gluon plasma (QGP), a state of matter believed to exist at sufficiently high energy densities. STAR consists of several types of detectors, each specializing in detecting certain types of particles or characterizing their motion. These detectors work together in an advanced data acquisition and subsequent physics analysis that allows final statements to be made about the collision. The STAR Publications page provides access to all published papers by the STAR Collaboration, and many of them have separate links to the figures and data found in or supporting the paper. See also the data-rich summaries of the research at http://www.star.bnl.gov/central/physics/results/. [See also DDE00230

  4. BRAHMS (Broad Range Hadron Magnetic Spectrometer) Figures and Data Archive

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    The BRAHMS experiment was designed to measure charged hadrons over a wide range of rapidity and transverse momentum to study the reaction mechanisms of the relativistic heavy ion reactions at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider at Brookhaven National Laboratory and the properties of the highly excited nuclear matter formed in these reactions. The experiment took its first data during the RHIC 2000 year run and completed data taking in June 2006. The BRAHMS archive makes publications available and also makes data and figures from those publications available as separate items. See also the complete list of publications, multimedia presentations, and related papers at http://www4.rcf.bnl.gov/brahms/WWW/publications.html

  5. EIA - Greenhouse Gas Emissions - Table-Figure Notes and Sources

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    United States 2008, DOEEIA-0573(2008) (Washington, DC, December 2009). Table 14. U.S. carbon sequestration from nonfuel uses of energy fuels, 1990-2009: Source: EIA estimates....

  6. Selectivity Estimation for SPARQL Graph Pattern Faculty of ICT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Chengfei

    , for an arbitrary composite SPARQL graph pattern, we maximally combines the results of the star and chain patterns with different properties sharing the same subject (an example is shown in Figure 1). For estimating' Income 'Prof.' Position 'Advance d course' (Adc) TeacherOf ?Z, Income, '

  7. Nature Methods: doi:10.1038/nmeth.3395 Supplementary Figure 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cai, Long

    ;Nature Methods: doi:10.1038/nmeth.3395 Supplementary Figure 12 Dispensing manifold, basic engineering; additional engineering diagrams with more detailed specifications are available upon request. #12;Nature

  8. Predator, Prisoner, and Role Model: The Evolving Figure of Mrs. Robinson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neumann, Rebecca

    2011-01-01

    Predator, Prisoner, and Role Model: The Evolving Figure ofsociety perceives them. Prisoner: Neither cold predators,a young female. This prisoner portrayal would be impossible

  9. Technology Transfer award funding data* Figure 1. Current Technology Transfer awards

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rambaut, Andrew

    6 1 4 3 48 23 30 10 Technology Transfer award funding data* Figure 1. Current Technology Transfer awards Numbers represent active grants as at 1 October 2013 Figure 2. Technology Transfer award expenditure 2012/13 by value On 1 October 2013 we were funding 125 active awards through our Technology

  10. BRANCHED SPHERICAL CR STRUCTURES ON THE COMPLEMENT OF THE FIGURE EIGHT KNOT.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minerbe, Vincent

    eight knot complement as a surface bundle over the circle, the behaviour of of the fundamental group to a set of representations of = 1(M), the fundamental group of the complement of the figure eight knot. Recall that the fundamental group of the figure eight knot complement contains a surface group (a

  11. Templated Ceramic Microstructures by Using the Breath-Figure Method Brian C. Englert,[a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Srinivasarao, Mohan

    Templated Ceramic Microstructures by Using the Breath-Figure Method Brian C. Englert,[a] Stefan on hexagonally microstructured SiÀCÀCo and SiÀCoÀO ceramics produced from precursor polymers that form self-assembled bubble arrays using the breath-figure method. Non-oxide SiÀC ceramics are inorganic materials

  12. Large thermoelectric figure of merit in Si1-xGex nanowires Lihong Shi,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Baowen

    Large thermoelectric figure of merit in Si1-xGex nanowires Lihong Shi,1 Donglai Yao,1 Gang Zhang,2 transport equation, we investigate composition effects on the thermoelectric properties of silicon thermoelectric figure of merit ZT Refs. 1­4 due to both enhancement in the power factor through increasing

  13. Sharing of figurative language themes in expert therapy: occurrence and effect on client experiencing and therapeutic bond 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cardin, Scott Ashley

    2004-09-30

    The purpose of this study was to examine the use and effect of figurative language discourse in examples of expert therapy. More specifically, one of the main reasons for conducting this study was to describe figurative language discourse, its...

  14. Plasmonic Figures of Merit in a Doped Graphene Sheet | MIT-Harvard...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Plasmonic Figures of Merit in a Doped Graphene Sheet May 15, 2014 at 2pm36-428 Marco Polini NEST, Istituto Nanoscienze-CNR and Scuola Normale Superiore di Pisa MarcoPolini...

  15. Figure 1. Hydrologic Information System Overarching Vision. Data Interoperability in the Hydrologic Sciences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tarboton, David

    Figure 1. Hydrologic Information System Overarching Vision. Data Interoperability in the Hydrologic Sciences The CUAHSI Hydrologic Information System David G Tarboton1 , David Maidment2 , Ilya Zaslavsky3 Sciences. Hydrologic Information Systems (HIS) are part of this infrastructure. Hydrologic information

  16. Figure 10--Proportion of basal area accounted for by each tree spe-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    include lodgepole pine (Pinus contorta), black oak, willow (Salix spp.), western white pine (P. monticola Forest QUKE Salix CADE PICO Figure 11--Spatial distribution of basal area of major tree species within

  17. Hydro INTERNATIONAL | OCTOBER 2015 | 21 Figure 1: Bechevin Bay Inlet System.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New Hampshire, University of

    Hydro INTERNATIONAL | OCTOBER 2015 | 21 FEATURE | Figure 1: Bechevin Bay Inlet System. Bechevin Bay, the derived bathymetry was limited to very shallow depths because of the sediment #12;| OCTOBER 2015 | Hydro

  18. Reclaimed genealogies: reconsidering the ancestor figure in African American women writers’ neo-slave narratives 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Milatovic, Maja

    2014-11-25

    This thesis examines the ancestor figure in African American women writers’ neoslave narratives. Drawing on black feminist, critical race and whiteness studies and trauma theory, the thesis closely reads neo-slave ...

  19. he outermost layer of the human eye--the cornea, see Figure 1--is of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Vliet, Lucas J.

    so by using the eye to mirror a pattern. Figure 2a shows the cross section of such an in- strument.1 that could integrate real-time solutions to both problems. A D A P T I V E S U R F A C E M E A S U R E M E N, AND HENRI BAL Vrije University 1521-9615/02/$17.00 © 2002 IEEE Figure 1. Cross section of the human eye

  20. Cost Estimation Package

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    1997-03-28

    This chapter focuses on the components (or elements) of the cost estimation package and their documentation.

  1. Check Estimates and Independent Costs

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    1997-03-28

    Check estimates and independent cost estimates (ICEs) are tools that can be used to validate a cost estimate. Estimate validation entails an objective review of the estimate to ensure that estimate criteria and requirements have been met and well documented, defensible estimate has been developed. This chapter describes check estimates and their procedures and various types of independent cost estimates.

  2. Estimation and control of industrial processes with particle lters Ruben Morales-Menendez

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Poole, David

    an industrial heat exchanger, Figure 1. This exchanger heats 10 gpm of water from 25o C to 70o C us- ing steamEstimation and control of industrial processes with particle £lters Rub´en Morales and control of industrial processes. In particular, we adopt a jump Markov linear Gaussian (JMLG) model

  3. Figure 1. Schematic of initial air pump design Design of Air Pump System Using Bond Graph

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernandez, Thomas

    , is presented in Figure 1. It is a vibratory pump in which an electromagnetic circuit drives a small permanent magnet attached to a pivoted lever that, in turn, drives a rubber bellows pump. The bellows pump has an embryo bond graph model. Parameters for the GP search process must be set to control both the generation

  4. Supplementary Figure S1 Additional characterization of salt responses of [Low] and [High] responsive salt cells.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Faraon, Andrei

    Supplementary Figure S1 Additional characterization of salt responses of [Low] and [High] responsive salt cells. (a) Diagram illustrating the imaging preparation (see Methods for details). Taste buds.e.m. dF/F responses for the [Low] and [High] salt-responding cells (n3). (c) TRCs activated by low

  5. Supplemental Figures Seismic imaging of the laterally varying D" region beneath the Cocos Plate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garnero, Ed

    Supplemental Figures Seismic imaging of the laterally varying D" region beneath the Cocos Plate-474-1882 Fax: 907-474-5618 Email: mthorne@gi.alaska.edu #12;Supplement A. Transverse component velocity.9982 at 80º. #12;Supplement B. Transverse component displacement synthetics are shown. Synthetics for PREM

  6. * All figures are in color on the Coastal Sediments Proceedings DVD. NONUNIFORM SEDIMENT TRANSPORT MODELING AT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    1783 * All figures are in color on the Coastal Sediments Proceedings DVD. NONUNIFORM SEDIMENT@ncche.olemiss.edu. Abstract: A depth-averaged two-dimensionalnonuniform sediment transport model is applied to the beaches. The sediment transport, bed change and sorting equations are solved simultaneously and implicitly at the same

  7. I would like all figures in my article published in Black and White Education in Brazil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barbosa, Marcia C. B.

    I would like all figures in my article published in Black and White Education in Brazil: Marcia C Postal 15051 91501970, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil marcia. barbosa@ufrgs.br Keywords Gender, Physics, Brazil Abstract An overview of the Brazilian educational system is presented with the main

  8. Enhancing Automatic Chinese Essay Scoring System from Figures-of-Speech

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    automated essay scoring (CAES) is a very important tool for many educational researches. However, none grammar parsers cannot produce reliable and useful syntactic features. CAES systems must explore other the performance of CAES effectively. Keywords: Automated essay scoring; Figures-of-speech; Chinese writing; ID3. 1

  9. Figure 1: Genome of the hepatitis B virus December 3rd

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brutlag, Doug

    1 Figure 1: Genome of the hepatitis B virus Huy Phan December 3rd , 2009 Genomics and Medicine: Final Paper Professor Douglas Brutlag Current Understanding of the Hepatitis B Virus and Its Genotypes What is hepatitis B? Hepatitis B is one of the five hepatitis infections and is the world's most common

  10. Figure I.-Offshore bases in Mexico's Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ). Foreign Fishery Developments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Figure I.-Offshore bases in Mexico's Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ). Foreign Fishery Developments Mexico's Marine Fisheries Enforcement Gulf Coast Enforcement The Gulf of Mexico is especially rich in shrimp resources. Mexico has had major problems with illegal foreign fishing on the Campeche Bank, espe

  11. Poison hemlock, Conium maculatum, (Figure 1) is a member of the plant

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ishida, Yuko

    Poison hemlock, Conium maculatum, (Figure 1) is a member of the plant family Apiaceae, which, cilantro, chervil, fen- nel, anise, dill, and caraway. It is a tall, invasive, highly poisonous weed that is sometimes mistaken for one of its crop relatives. Poison hemlock was introduced from Europe as an ornamental

  12. Figure 5 : Inversed attenuation tomography The Fresnel volume thus defined, also called Frchet kernel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Figure 5 : Inversed attenuation tomography The Fresnel volume thus defined, also called Fréchet system with the LSQR algorithm : Because the size of the Fresnel volume thus defined is dependent propose to compute the Fresnel weights for a monochromatic wave, increasing its frequency at each step

  13. "Leveraging University Expertise to Inform Better Policy" Figure: 2050 Scenario from California Air Resources Board

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Davis, University of

    , and diversify our transportation energy supply. This policy forum draws from the latest research to explore some"Leveraging University Expertise to Inform Better Policy" Figure: 2050 Scenario from California Air dependency, California has adopted numerous vehicle and fuel policies that accelerate the introduction

  14. Figure 1. Example Current Weather Product INTEGRATING REAL-TIME WEATHER INTO AN INTERNET LEARNING ENVIRONMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wilhelmson, Robert

    Figure 1. Example Current Weather Product INTEGRATING REAL-TIME WEATHER INTO AN INTERNET LEARNING ENVIRONMENT: WW2010 CURRENT WEATHER PRODUCTS Daniel J. Bramer, David P. Wojtowicz, Joel Plutchak, Robert B ­ is that accurate, useful, and if possible, real-life examples of weather phenomena are necessary to best enhance

  15. Keywords: Photovoltaic System, fault-tolerance, recon-figurable PV panel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pedram, Massoud

    1 Keywords: Photovoltaic System, fault-tolerance, recon- figurable PV panel Photovoltaic (PV and the advancement of PV device technologies. PV systems have been widely deployed in electric vehicles, homes, power plants, and satellites. The output power of a PV cell (also called solar cell) is dependent on the solar

  16. The figure shows the current energy pay back time for PV

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The figure shows the current energy pay back time for PV systems using different cell technologies and installed either in Central Europe or Southern Europe. Argument B1 PV Fact Sheets Technology improvements: Manufacturing a PV system consumes more energy than it ever produces in its life time." The fact is

  17. Enhancement of thermoelectric figure-of-merit by resonant states of aluminium doping in lead selenide

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Qinyong

    By adding aluminium (Al) into lead selenide (PbSe), we successfully prepared n-type PbSe thermoelectric materials with a figure-of-merit (ZT) of 1.3 at 850 K. Such a high ZT is achieved by a combination of high Seebeck ...

  18. Thermoelectric figure of merit calculations for semiconducting nanowires Jane E. Cornett1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anlage, Steven

    Thermoelectric figure of merit calculations for semiconducting nanowires Jane E. Cornett1 and Oded 2011 A model for the thermoelectric properties of nanowires was used to demonstrate the contrasting influences of quantization and degeneracy on the thermoelectric power factor. The prevailing notion

  19. Types of Cost Estimates

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    1997-03-28

    The chapter describes the estimates required on government-managed projects for both general construction and environmental management.

  20. What Global Warming Looks Like The July 2010 global map of surface temperature anomalies (Figure 1), relative to the average

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hansen, James E.

    What Global Warming Looks Like The July 2010 global map of surface temperature anomalies (Figure 1 anomalies an example of what we can expect global warming to look like? Maps of temperature anomalies, such as Figure 1, are useful for helping people understand the role of global warming in extreme events

  1. Array configuration studies for the SKA -- Implementation of figures of merit based on SDR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dharam V. Lal; Andrei P. Lobanov

    2008-10-06

    The Square Kilometre Array is going to become operational at the time when several new large optical, X-ray and Gamma-ray telescopes are expected to be working. The main drive for building the SKA is a significant improvement of sensitivity that would widen the general scope of the centimetre-wavelength radio science. To this end, a thorough design studies should be made, in order to ensure that the SKA becomes a competitive counterpart of the facilities at other wavebands. To quantify imaging performance of the SKA configurations, we are implementing figures of merit based on spatial dynamic range (SDR). This work is focused on extensive numerical tests of the analytical, SDR--based figures of merit derived in the SKA Memo 38 (A. Lobanov). Here, we present our preliminary results.

  2. Enhancing the thermoelectric figure of merit through the reduction of bipolar thermal conductivity with heterostructure barriers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bahk, Je-Hyeong, E-mail: jbahk@purdue.edu; Shakouri, Ali [Birck Nanotechnology Center, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907 (United States)

    2014-08-04

    In this paper, we present theoretically that the thermoelectric figure of merit for a semiconductor material with a small band gap can be significantly enhanced near the intrinsic doping regime at high temperatures via the suppression of bipolar thermal conductivity when the minority carriers are selectively blocked by heterostructure barriers. This scheme is particularly effective in nanostructured materials where the lattice thermal conductivity is lowered by increased phonon scatterings at the boundaries, so that the electronic thermal conductivity including the bipolar term is limiting the figure of merit zT. We show that zT can be enhanced to above 3 for p-type PbTe, and above 2 for n-type PbTe at 900?K with minority carrier blocking, when the lattice thermal conductivity is as low as 0.3?W/m K.

  3. Long range self-assembly of polythiophene breath figures: Optical and morphological characterization

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Routh, Prahlad K.; Nykypanchuk, Dmytro; Venkatesh, T. A.; Cotlet, Mircea

    2015-09-01

    Large area, device relevant sized microporous thin films are formed with commercially available polythiophenes by the breath figure technique, a water-assisted micro patterning method, with such semitransparent thin films exhibiting periodicity and uniformity dictated by the length of the polymer side chain. Compared to drop casted thin films, the microporous thin films exhibit increased crystallinity due to stronger packing of the polymer inside the honeycomb frame.

  4. Facts and Figures Compiled 21.1.2015 12:15:09 by Document Globe 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cerveny, Vlastislav

    Facts and Figures Compiled 21.1.2015 12:15:09 by Document Globe ® 1 Erasmus Programme · Ratio as a whole, the ratio for the entire University is approximately 1:1. #12;Compiled 21.1.2015 12/Erasmus programme is shown in this graph: #12;Compiled 21.1.2015 12:15:09 by Document Globe ® 3 Destination

  5. Long range self-assembly of polythiophene breath figures: Optical and morphological characterization

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Cotlet, Mircea; Routh, Prahlad K.; Nykypanchuk, Dmytro; Venkatesh, T. A.

    2015-08-01

    Large area, device relevant sized microporous thin films are formed with commercially available polythiophenes by the breath figure technique, a water-assisted micro patterning method, with such semitransparent thin films exhibiting periodicity and uniformity dictated by the length of the polymer side chain. Compared to drop casted thin films, the microporous thin films exhibit increased crystallinity due to stronger packing of the polymer inside the honeycomb frame.

  6. A Framework for Geometric Reasoning About Human Figures and Factors in Assembly Processes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Calton, Terri L.

    1999-07-20

    Automatic assembly sequencing and visualization tools are valuable in determining the best assembly sequences, but without Human Factors and Figure Models (HFFMs) it is difficult to evaluate or visualize human interaction. In industry, accelerating technological advances and shorter market windows have forced companies to turn to an agile manufacturing paradigm. This trend has promoted computerized automation of product design and manufacturing processes, such as automated assembly planning. However, all automated assembly planning software tools assume that the individual components fly into their assembled configuration and generate what appear to be perfectly valid operations, but in reality some operations cannot physically be carried out by a human. For example, the use of a ratchet may be reasoned feasible for an assembly operation; however, when a hand is placed on the tool the operation is no longer feasible, perhaps because of inaccessibility, insufficient strength or human interference with assembly components. Similarly, human figure modeling algorithms may indicate that assembly operations are not feasible and consequently force design modifications, however, if they had the capability to quickly generate alternative assembly sequences, they might have identified a feasible solution. To solve this problem, HFFMs must be integrated with automated assembly planning which allows engineers to quickly verify that assembly operations are possible and to see ways to make the designs even better. This paper presents a framework for integrating geometry-based assembly planning algorithms with commercially available human figure modeling software packages. Experimental results to selected applications along with lessons learned are presented.

  7. Estimating Specialty Costs

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    1997-03-28

    Specialty costs are those nonstandard, unusual costs that are not typically estimated. Costs for research and development (R&D) projects involving new technologies, costs associated with future regulations, and specialty equipment costs are examples of specialty costs. This chapter discusses those factors that are significant contributors to project specialty costs and methods of estimating costs for specialty projects.

  8. Distributed Road Grade Estimation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johansson, Karl Henrik

    Distributed Road Grade Estimation for Heavy Duty Vehicles PER SAH LHOLM Doctoral Thesis in Automatic Control Stockholm, Sweden 2011 #12;Distributed Road Grade Estimation for Heavy Duty Vehicles PER state-of-charge control decrease the energy consumption of vehicles and increase the safety

  9. SPACE TECHNOLOGY Actual Estimate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    technology readiness of new missions, mitigate their technological risks, improve the quality of cost estimates, and thereby contribute to better overall mission cost management..." Space Technology investmentsSPACE TECHNOLOGY TECH-1 Actual Estimate Budget Authority (in $ millions) FY 2011 FY 2012 FY 2013 FY

  10. 1. LEM survey geometry Supplemental Figure 1 shows the layout of the long-wire EM (LEM) sensors and the 30

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Constable, Steve

    1. LEM survey geometry Supplemental Figure 1 shows the layout of the long-wire EM (LEM) sensors by the faults. 2. CSEM data Supplemental Figures 2 and 3 show the standard CSEM data from all receivers

  11. A review of "Radical Religion from Shakespeare to Milton: Figures of Nonconformity in Early Modern England." by Kristen Poole 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elizabeth Sauer

    2002-01-01

    Poole. Radical Religion from Shakespeare to Milton: Figures of Nonconformity in Early Modern England. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000. xiii + 272 pp. $59.95. Review by ELIZABETH SAUER, BROCK UNIVERSITY. While early modern radical...

  12. Figure 1. We use Styrofoam blocks to construct a geometrically simplified replica of the scene. The Styrofoam

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pollefeys, Marc

    Figure 1. We use Styrofoam blocks to construct a geometrically simplified replica of the scene. The Styrofoam blocks are used as display surfaces on which view-dependent imagery of the scene is projected

  13. The 'Genius' in Mycenaean Glyptic: the Later Evolution of an Aegean Cult Figure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rehak, Paul

    1995-01-01

    . 13 (drawing by author); Fig.2.'Symeonoglou (inti'an.30)PI.73Fi1.231 (drawingbyauthor); Fig.5:Levi(infran.7)Fig. 175(drawingbyauthor); Flg.9.' reconstruction by author. Remaining figures from the archives of CMS. 1 M.A.V. cill, AM 79, 1964, lff.; ead...T.; J. Weingarten, OJA 5, 1986, 27ff .; ead., OJA 7, 1988, 1ff.; ead., in: ASSA 105ff. 13 The genius identified on a LH IIIC bull rhyton t)'om Tiryns is actually a l'ampant goat: see Appendix, Ellatum. la The Tiryns ring (CMS I No. 179) was discovered...

  14. Figure 6. PCs and Terminals per Million Square Feet, 1992 and 1995

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet)DecadeYear Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun20032,485,331Gas ProvedDec.12 13Cubic235Figure

  15. Figure ES2. Annual Indices of Real Disposable Income, Vehicle-Miles

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet)DecadeYear Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun20032,485,331Gas2001 ES1 Figure ES1.

  16. Figure ES3. Sales-Weighted Horsepower and On-Road Fuel Mileage for New

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet)DecadeYear Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun20032,485,331Gas2001 ES1 Figure

  17. Figure ES4. Sales-Weighted Inertia Weight and On-Road Fuel Mileage for New

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet)DecadeYear Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun20032,485,331Gas2001 ES1 FigureLight-Duty

  18. Figure ES7. Adjusted Annual Energy Growth - No Fuel Economy Effects

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet)DecadeYear Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun20032,485,331Gas2001 ES1ES6 Figure ES6.ES7

  19. EECBG Success Story: Finding Six-Figure ROI from Energy Efficiency |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:FinancingPetroleum Based|Department of EnergyDepartment of Energy Finding Six-Figure ROI

  20. Figure 1. Annual and Cumulative Growth in U.S. Wind Power Capacity

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirley Ann JacksonDepartment ofOffice ofofWindUpcoming events September 3,Presidentfield officeFigure

  1. : Helmholtz machine estimation .

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    : Helmholtz machine density estimation . . : . . . (supervised learning) , (active learning) (query learning) [1, 3]. . (unsupervised learning), . , [5]. . Helmholtz machine , . Helmholtz machine : Helmholtz machine [2] . Helmholtz machine (generative network) (recognition network) . , , . Helmholtz machine (self

  2. Cost Estimating Guide

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    2011-05-09

    This Guide provides uniform guidance and best practices that describe the methods and procedures that could be used in all programs and projects at DOE for preparing cost estimates. No cancellations.

  3. Estimation of food consumption

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Callaway, J.M. Jr.

    1992-04-01

    The research reported in this document was conducted as a part of the Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction (HEDR) Project. The objective of the HEDR Project is to estimate the radiation doses that people could have received from operations at the Hanford Site. Information required to estimate these doses includes estimates of the amounts of potentially contaminated foods that individuals in the region consumed during the study period. In that general framework, the objective of the Food Consumption Task was to develop a capability to provide information about the parameters of the distribution(s) of daily food consumption for representative groups in the population for selected years during the study period. This report describes the methods and data used to estimate food consumption and presents the results developed for Phase I of the HEDR Project.

  4. Sensitivity of CO2 migration estimation on reservoir temperature and pressure uncertainty

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jordan, Preston

    2009-01-01

    to hydrostatic and a geothermal gradient. a) b) Figure 1.Figure 2 shows the geothermal gradient plotted against theshown. Figure 2. Geothermal gradients from initial reservoir

  5. Utilizing novel diversity estimators to quantify multiple dimensions of microbial biodiversity across domains

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2013-01-01

    datasets. Figure S1. – Acid mine drainage bacteria andprofiles. Figure S5. – Acid mine drainage bacteria andclusters. Figure S6. – Acid mine drainage bacteria and

  6. Thermodynamic estimation: Ionic materials

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Glasser, Leslie, E-mail: l.glasser@curtin.edu.au

    2013-10-15

    Thermodynamics establishes equilibrium relations among thermodynamic parameters (“properties”) and delineates the effects of variation of the thermodynamic functions (typically temperature and pressure) on those parameters. However, classical thermodynamics does not provide values for the necessary thermodynamic properties, which must be established by extra-thermodynamic means such as experiment, theoretical calculation, or empirical estimation. While many values may be found in the numerous collected tables in the literature, these are necessarily incomplete because either the experimental measurements have not been made or the materials may be hypothetical. The current paper presents a number of simple and relible estimation methods for thermodynamic properties, principally for ionic materials. The results may also be used as a check for obvious errors in published values. The estimation methods described are typically based on addition of properties of individual ions, or sums of properties of neutral ion groups (such as “double” salts, in the Simple Salt Approximation), or based upon correlations such as with formula unit volumes (Volume-Based Thermodynamics). - Graphical abstract: Thermodynamic properties of ionic materials may be readily estimated by summation of the properties of individual ions, by summation of the properties of ‘double salts’, and by correlation with formula volume. Such estimates may fill gaps in the literature, and may also be used as checks of published values. This simplicity arises from exploitation of the fact that repulsive energy terms are of short range and very similar across materials, while coulombic interactions provide a very large component of the attractive energy in ionic systems. Display Omitted - Highlights: • Estimation methods for thermodynamic properties of ionic materials are introduced. • Methods are based on summation of single ions, multiple salts, and correlations. • Heat capacity, entropy, lattice energy, enthalpy, Gibbs energy values are available.

  7. Method and system for optical figuring by imagewise heating of a solvent

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Rushford, Michael C.

    2005-08-30

    A method and system of imagewise etching the surface of a substrate, such as thin glass, in a parallel process. The substrate surface is placed in contact with an etchant solution which increases in etch rate with temperature. A local thermal gradient is then generated in each of a plurality of selected local regions of a boundary layer of the etchant solution to imagewise etch the substrate surface in a parallel process. In one embodiment, the local thermal gradient is a local heating gradient produced at selected addresses chosen from an indexed array of addresses. The activation of each of the selected addresses is independently controlled by a computer processor so as to imagewise etch the substrate surface at region-specific etch rates. Moreover, etching progress is preferably concurrently monitored in real time over the entire surface area by an interferometer so as to deterministically control the computer processor to image-wise figure the substrate surface where needed.

  8. Gamma and neutron detection modeling in the nuclear detection figure of merit (NDFOM) portal

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stroud, Phillip D [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Saeger, Kevin J [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2009-01-01

    The Nuclear Detection Figure Of Merit (NDFOM) portal is a database of objects and algorithms for evaluating the performance of radiation detectors to detect nuclear material. This paper describes the algorithms used to model the physics and mathematics of radiation detection. As a first-principles end-to-end analysis system, it starts with the representation of the gamma and neutron spectral fluxes, which are computed with the particle and radiation transport code MCNPX. The gamma spectra emitted by uranium, plutonium, and several other materials of interest are described. The impact of shielding and other intervening material is computed by the method of build-up factors. The interaction of radiation with the detector material is computed by a detector response function approach. The construction of detector response function matrices based on MCNPX simulation runs is described in detail. Neutron fluxes are represented in a three group formulation to treat differences in detector sensitivities to thermal, epithermal, and fast neutrons.

  9. PHENIX (Pioneering High Energy Nuclear Interaction eXperiment): Data Tables and Figures from Published Papers

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    The PHENIX Experiment is the largest of the four experiments currently taking data at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider. PHENIX, the Pioneering High Energy Nuclear Interaction eXperiment, is an exploratory experiment for the investigation of high energy collisions of heavy ions and protons. PHENIX is designed specifically to measure direct probes of the collisions such as electrons, muons, and photons. The primary goal of PHENIX is to discover and study a new state of matter called the Quark-Gluon Plasma. More than 60 published papers and preprints are listed here with links to the full text and separate links to the supporting PHENIX data in plain text tables and to EPS and GIF figures from the papers.

  10. MULTIVARIATE REGRESSION S-ESTIMATORS FOR ROBUST ESTIMATION AND INFERENCE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Van Aelst, Stefan

    1 MULTIVARIATE REGRESSION S-ESTIMATORS FOR ROBUST ESTIMATION AND INFERENCE Stefan Van Aelst-estimators for multivariate regression. We study the robustness of the estimators in terms of their breakdown point and in and multivariate location and scatter. Furthermore we develop a fast and robust bootstrap method

  11. Unbiased Robust Template Estimation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reuter, Martin

    Unbiased Robust Template Estimation for Longitudinal Analysis in FreeSurfer Compared with cross-sectional may have a profound clinical impact. The current methods that utilize cross-sectional approaches, R. & Maguire, P. & Rosas, D. & Makris, N. & Dale, A. & Dickerson, B. & Fischl, B. (2006

  12. Use of Cost Estimating Relationships

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    1997-03-28

    Cost Estimating Relationships (CERs) are an important tool in an estimator's kit, and in many cases, they are the only tool. Thus, it is important to understand their limitations and characteristics. This chapter discusses considerations of which the estimator must be aware so the Cost Estimating Relationships can be properly used.

  13. Magnetic nanoparticle temperature estimation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Weaver, John B.; Rauwerdink, Adam M.; Hansen, Eric W.

    2009-05-15

    The authors present a method of measuring the temperature of magnetic nanoparticles that can be adapted to provide in vivo temperature maps. Many of the minimally invasive therapies that promise to reduce health care costs and improve patient outcomes heat tissue to very specific temperatures to be effective. Measurements are required because physiological cooling, primarily blood flow, makes the temperature difficult to predict a priori. The ratio of the fifth and third harmonics of the magnetization generated by magnetic nanoparticles in a sinusoidal field is used to generate a calibration curve and to subsequently estimate the temperature. The calibration curve is obtained by varying the amplitude of the sinusoidal field. The temperature can then be estimated from any subsequent measurement of the ratio. The accuracy was 0.3 deg. K between 20 and 50 deg. C using the current apparatus and half-second measurements. The method is independent of nanoparticle concentration and nanoparticle size distribution.

  14. Remote-sensing GIS based investigations of coal fires in northern China; global monitoring to support the estimation of CO2 emissions from spontaneous combustion of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the development of coal fires (Figure 1) are: (1) the type of coal. Its vulnerability to spontaneous combustionRemote-sensing GIS based investigations of coal fires in northern China; global monitoring to support the estimation of CO2 emissions from spontaneous combustion of coal Freek van der Meer, Paul van

  15. Journal of Machine Learning Research 10 (2009) 2349-2374 Submitted 8/08; Revised 7/09; Published 10/09 Estimating Labels from Label Proportions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Caetano, Tiberio

    2009-01-01

    /09 Estimating Labels from Label Proportions Novi Quadrianto NOVI.QUAD@GMAIL.COM Statistical Machine Learning observations, each set with known label proportions, predict the labels of another set of observations Learning (d) Learning from Proportions Figure 1: Different types of learning problems (colors encode class

  16. Pluralizing Nationalism: Narrative, Politics and the Figure of the Revolutionary in the Hindi Novel from the 1930s to the 1950s

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Govind, Nikhil

    2011-01-01

    figure—the French writer Albert Camus’ near contemporaneousLondon: Curzon Press. Camus, Albert. [1946] 1993. Theprogressive, dreamily Camus, Albert. The Stranger, trans.

  17. Figure 1. Electron micrograph of didodecyldimethylammonium bromide vesicles. ( I35 000 X). The sample solution was sonicated in the absence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Keinan, Ehud

    ). The sample solution was sonicated in the absence of uranyl acetate. Figure 2. Electron micrograph of didodecyldimethylammonium bromide vesicles. (240 000 X). The sample solution was sonicated in the presence of uranyl acetate solution of didode- cyldimethylammonium bromide was mixed with an equal amount of the uranyl acetate

  18. Figure 1. ComTouch Concept drawing showing a handheld sleeve that fits onto the back of a mobile phone

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jacob, Robert J.K.

    Touch, is a vibrotactile device sleeve that fits over the back of a mobile phone. The basic concept is a handheld deviceFigure 1. ComTouch Concept drawing showing a handheld sleeve that fits onto the back of a mobile

  19. Fits to data The figures in this Appendix show the fits to the photometry for the mod-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Whiting, Matthew

    Appendix D Fits to data The figures in this Appendix show the fits to the photometry for the mod to Section 4.4). The photometry is shown in the centre-left panel. The magnitudes from Table B.1 have been, against wavelength on the same log scale as the photometry. The bottom-left shows the optical spectrum

  20. Ozone Climatologies Figure 1: Ozone climatology for control run in kg/m(a), percentage change in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Feigon, Brooke

    Ozone Climatologies (a) (b) (c) Figure 1: Ozone climatology for control run in kg/m³(a), percentage change in ozone for the perturbed runs; tropopause region (b), whole stratosphere (c). Determining the impact of lower stratospheric ozone depletion on Southern Hemisphere climate Sarah P.E. Keeley and Nathan

  1. Figure 1 Icon Graphics A framework for a dynamic interactive 3D GIS for non-expert users

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roe, Paul

    Figure 1 ­ Icon Graphics A framework for a dynamic interactive 3D GIS for non-expert users Arron R Many substantial geographic information systems (GIS) have been designed for use by expert users the use of such GIS by non-expert users. The framework achieves this by allowing the creation of vague

  2. Figure 1. Schematic drawing showing the components of a Li-ion battery cell and the information that can be

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    showing the concept of the smallest working battery based on a single nanowire (left). TEM image of the Sn transmission electron microscopy (TEM) imaging of the electrode during the battery's operation. EssentiallyFigure 1. Schematic drawing showing the components of a Li-ion battery cell and the information

  3. Figure 1. 9T SRAM cell in [3] A Highly-Stable Nanometer Memory for Low-Power Design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ayers, Joseph

    Figure 1. 9T SRAM cell in [3] A Highly-Stable Nanometer Memory for Low-Power Design Sheng Lin, Yong with previous designs for low-power memory operation. Initially, this paper shows that the proposed 9T SRAM cell to further reduce the power consumption of the SRAM cell. The impact of process variations is investigated

  4. STERN AND BLOOMER Figure 1. Tectonic and physiographic map of the Philippine Sea, Mariana Arc, and sur-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stern, Robert J.

    #12;STERN AND BLOOMER Figure 1. Tectonic and physiographic map of the Philippine Sea, Mariana Arc was composed of trapped oceanic crust. They noted that the magnetic anomalies of the West Philippine Basin with the spreadingdirection identified for the West Philippine Basin (Hilde and Lee, 1984).Second, the oldest crust, every

  5. Parameter Estimation Through Ignorance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hailiang Du; Leonard A. Smith

    2012-06-06

    Dynamical modelling lies at the heart of our understanding of physical systems. Its role in science is deeper than mere operational forecasting, in that it allows us to evaluate the adequacy of the mathematical structure of our models. Despite the importance of model parameters, there is no general method of parameter estimation outside linear systems. A new relatively simple method of parameter estimation for nonlinear systems is presented, based on variations in the accuracy of probability forecasts. It is illustrated on the Logistic Map, the Henon Map and the 12-D Lorenz96 flow, and its ability to outperform linear least squares in these systems is explored at various noise levels and sampling rates. As expected, it is more effective when the forecast error distributions are non-Gaussian. The new method selects parameter values by minimizing a proper, local skill score for continuous probability forecasts as a function of the parameter values. This new approach is easier to implement in practice than alternative nonlinear methods based on the geometry of attractors or the ability of the model to shadow the observations. New direct measures of inadequacy in the model, the "Implied Ignorance" and the information deficit are introduced.

  6. Measurement enhancement for state estimation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Jian

    2009-05-15

    to accurately monitor the system operating state. State estimation is an essential tool in an energy management system (EMS). It is responsible for providing an accurate and correct estimate for the system operating state based on the available measurements...

  7. Hydrocarbon Reservoir Parameter Estimation Using

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Vliet, Lucas J.

    Hydrocarbon Reservoir Parameter Estimation Using Production Data and Time-Lapse Seismic #12;#12;Hydrocarbon Reservoir Parameter Estimation Using Production Data and Time-Lapse Seismic PROEFSCHRIFT ter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 1.2 Recovery process . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 1.3 Field

  8. Cost Estimating, Analysis, and Standardization

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    1984-11-02

    To establish policy and responsibilities for: (a) developing and reviewing project cost estimates; (b) preparing independent cost estimates and analysis; (c) standardizing cost estimating procedures; and (d) improving overall cost estimating and analytical techniques, cost data bases, cost and economic escalation models, and cost estimating systems. Cancels DOE O 5700.2B, dated 8-5-1983; DOE O 5700.8, dated 5-27-1981; and HQ 1130.1A, dated 12-30-1981. Canceled by DOE O 5700.2D, dated 6-12-1992

  9. arXiv:1004.0236v1[astro-ph.CO]1Apr2010 Figures of merit for present and future dark energy probes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hu, Wayne

    arXiv:1004.0236v1[astro-ph.CO]1Apr2010 Figures of merit for present and future dark energy probes constraints on dynamical dark energy models from Type Ia supernovae and the cosmic microwave background using figures of merit based on the volume of the allowed dark energy parameter space. For a two-parameter dark

  10. Supporting information Figure S1: Pump-rePump-Probe kinetics of peridinin in methanol. Peridinin was excited at

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Stokkum, Ivo

    Supporting information Figure S1: Pump-rePump-Probe kinetics of peridinin in methanol. Peridinin was excited at 400-nm, and then repumped, at a delay of 1 ps, by pulses of 620-nm. (A) Pump-Probe (blue), Pump-rePump. The inset zooms on the repump. (C): Pump-Probe (blue) and Pump-rePump-Probe (red) and (D) OD (black) spectra

  11. Improving earthquake source spectrum estimation using multitaper techniques

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Prieto, Germán A.

    2007-01-01

    S P Figure 3.11: Radiated S-wave energy E sversus P -wave energy E s . . . . . . . Figure 3.12: P and Sthe ratio of S to P wave energy (known as q) is also very

  12. Robust and intelligent bearing estimation

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Claassen, John P. (Albuquerque, NM)

    2000-01-01

    A method of bearing estimation comprising quadrature digital filtering of event observations, constructing a plurality of observation matrices each centered on a time-frequency interval, determining for each observation matrix a parameter such as degree of polarization, linearity of particle motion, degree of dyadicy, or signal-to-noise ratio, choosing observation matrices most likely to produce a set of best available bearing estimates, and estimating a bearing for each observation matrix of the chosen set.

  13. Examples of Cost Estimation Packages

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    1997-03-28

    Estimates can be performed in a variety of ways. Some of these are for projects for an undefined scope, a conventional construction project, or where there is a level of effort required to complete the work. Examples of cost estimation packages for these types of projects are described in this appendix.

  14. Vortex-Based Aero- and Hydrodynamic Estimation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hemati, Maziar Sam

    2013-01-01

    Vortex-Based Aero- and Hydrodynamic Estimation . . . . . .2 Aero- andbenefit from vortex-based aero- and hydrodynamic estimation.

  15. Supplemental Figures and Tables for Groundfish EFH Review Phase 1 Report "Federal and State Marine Protected Areas Type of Fishing Restriction"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goldfinger, Chris

    "Federal and State Marine Protected Areas ­ Type of Fishing Restriction" Author and state MPAs depicted in map figures, categorized by level of fishing restriction Fishing Restriction BEFORE AFTER Commercial and Recreational Fishing Prohibited

  16. SUPPLEMENTAL FIGURES Fig. S1 a-d: Cloud photographs taken on the Ron H. Brown on 29 October 2008 between 1 and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yuter, Sandra

    SUPPLEMENTAL FIGURES Fig. S1 a-d: Cloud photographs taken on the Ron H. Brown on 29 October 2008 `Wilbanksetal2015_supplemental_animation.mp4' Hourly GOES satellite IR image loop capturing the cloud field

  17. Development of A Cryogenic Drift Cell Spectrometer and Methods for Improving the Analytical Figures of Merit for Ion Mobility-Mass Spectrometry Analysis 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    May, Jody C.

    2010-10-12

    A cryogenic (325-80 K) ion mobility-mass spectrometer was designed and constructed in order to improve the analytical figures-of-merit for the chemical analysis of small mass analytes using ion mobility-mass spectrometry. ...

  18. Supplementary Figure 1. Crystal structure of T7 lysozyme bound to T7 RNAP. Generated from T7 Lysozyme

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, David R.

    HRV TEV None HCV HRV TEV PA-RNAP 118kDa Cleaved T7 RNAP 99kDa 250kDa 150kDa 75kDa None HCV HRV TEV None HCV HRV TEV 100kDa Ladder #12;7 Supplementary Figure 7. Vector map of mutagenesis plasmid (MPPCR HCVcontrolPCR TEVcontrolPCR HCVcontrolPCR TEVcontrolPCR 3kb 2kb 1kb 3kb 2kb 1kb 0 8 24 48 Time (h) HRV Mock

  19. Supplemental Figure 1. Root lengths of S. pinnata and S. albescens grown on vertically placed agar plates after 30 days of growth from germination. Plants treated without () Se (open bars) and with (+) 20 M SeO4

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Supplemental Figure 1. Root lengths of S. pinnata and S. albescens grown on vertically placed agar a student's t test are reported in paragraph 1 of results section. #12;Supplemental Figure 2. Total non;Supplemental Figure 3. Graphic depiction of the macroarray expression differences from Tables 1

  20. Motion Estimation from Disparity Images

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Demirdjian, D.

    2001-05-07

    A new method for 3D rigid motion estimation from stereo is proposed in this paper. The appealing feature of this method is that it directly uses the disparity images obtained from stereo matching. We assume that the stereo ...

  1. Estimation of resources and reserves

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Energy Laboratory.

    1982-01-01

    This report analyzes the economics of resource and reserve estimation. Current concern about energy problems has focused attention on how we measure available energy resources. One reads that we have an eight-year oil ...

  2. Estimate product quality with ANNs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brambilla, A. [Univ. of Pisa (Italy); Trivella, F. [Adicon Advanced Distillation Control SrL, Pisa (Italy)

    1996-09-01

    Artificial neural networks (ANNs) have been applied to predict catalytic reformer octane number (ON) and gasoline splitter product qualities. Results show that ANNs are a valuable tool to derive fast and accurate product quality measurements, and offer a low-cost alternative to online analyzers or rigorous mathematical models. The paper describes product quality measurements, artificial neural networks, ANN structure, estimating gasoline octane numbers, and estimating naphtha splitter product qualities.

  3. Test procedures and protocols: Their relevance to the figure of merit for thermal distribution systems. Volume 1: Informal report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Andrews, J.W.

    1993-09-01

    A conceptual framework is developed that categorizes measurement protocols for forced-air thermal distribution systems in small buildings. This framework is based on the distinction between two generic approaches. The {open_quote}system-comparison{close_quote} approach seeks to determine, via a pair of whole-house energy-use measurements, the difference in energy use between the house with the as-found duct system and the same house with no energy losses attributable to the thermal distribution system. The {open_quote}component loss-factor{close_quote} approach identifies and measures the individual causes of duct losses, and then builds up a value for the net overall duct efficiency, usually with the help of computer simulation. Examples of each approach are analyzed and related to a proposed Figure of Merit for thermal distribution systems. This Figure of Merit would serve as the basis for a Standard Method of Test analogous to those already in place for furnaces, boilers, air conditioners, and heat pumps.

  4. Capturing Dynamics in the Power Grid: Formulation of Dynamic State Estimation through Data Assimilation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhou, Ning; Huang, Zhenyu; Meng, Da; Elbert, Stephen T.; Wang, Shaobu; Diao, Ruisheng

    2014-03-31

    With the increasing complexity resulting from uncertainties and stochastic variations introduced by intermittent renewable energy sources, responsive loads, mobile consumption of plug-in vehicles, and new market designs, more and more dynamic behaviors are observed in everyday power system operation. To operate a power system efficiently and reliably, it is critical to adopt a dynamic paradigm so that effective control actions can be taken in time. The dynamic paradigm needs to include three fundamental components: dynamic state estimation; look-ahead dynamic simulation; and dynamic contingency analysis (Figure 1). These three components answer three basic questions: where the system is; where the system is going; and how secure the system is against accidents. The dynamic state estimation provides a solid cornerstone to support the other 2 components and is the focus of this study.

  5. Weldon Spring historical dose estimate

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Meshkov, N.; Benioff, P.; Wang, J.; Yuan, Y.

    1986-07-01

    This study was conducted to determine the estimated radiation doses that individuals in five nearby population groups and the general population in the surrounding area may have received as a consequence of activities at a uranium processing plant in Weldon Spring, Missouri. The study is retrospective and encompasses plant operations (1957-1966), cleanup (1967-1969), and maintenance (1969-1982). The dose estimates for members of the nearby population groups are as follows. Of the three periods considered, the largest doses to the general population in the surrounding area would have occurred during the plant operations period (1957-1966). Dose estimates for the cleanup (1967-1969) and maintenance (1969-1982) periods are negligible in comparison. Based on the monitoring data, if there was a person residing continually in a dwelling 1.2 km (0.75 mi) north of the plant, this person is estimated to have received an average of about 96 mrem/yr (ranging from 50 to 160 mrem/yr) above background during plant operations, whereas the dose to a nearby resident during later years is estimated to have been about 0.4 mrem/yr during cleanup and about 0.2 mrem/yr during the maintenance period. These values may be compared with the background dose in Missouri of 120 mrem/yr.

  6. Surfactant-Free Synthesis of Bi?Te?-Te Micro-Nano Heterostructure with Enhanced Thermoelectric Figure of Merit

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhang, Yichi; Wang, Heng; Kraemer, Stephan; Shi, Yifeng; Zhang, Fan; Snedaker, Matt; Ding, Kunlun; Moskovits, Martin; Snyder, G. Jeffrey; Stucky, Galen D.

    2011-01-01

    An ideal thermoelectric material would be a semiconductor with high electrical conductivity and relatively low thermal conductivity: an “electron crystal, phonon glass”. Introducing nanoscale heterostructures into the bulk TE matrix is one way of achieving this intuitively anomalous electron/phonon transport behavior. The heterostructured interfaces are expected to play a significant role in phonon scattering to reduce thermal conductivity and in the energy-dependent scattering of electrical carriers to improve the Seebeck coefficient. A nanoparticle building block assembly approach is plausible to fabricate three-dimensional heterostructured materials on a bulk commercial scale. However, a key problem in applying this strategy is the possible negative impact on TE performance of organic residue from the nanoparticle capping ligands. Herein, we report a wet chemical, surfactant-free, low-temperature, and easily up-scalable strategy for the synthesis of nanoscale heterophase Bi?Te?-Te via a galvanic replacement reaction. The micro-nano heterostructured material is fabricated bottom-up, by mixing the heterophase with commercial Bi?Te?. This unique structure shows an enhanced zT value of ~0.4 at room temperature. This heterostructure has one of the highest figures of merit among bismuth telluride systems yet achieved by a wet chemical bottom-up assembly. In addition, it shows a 40% enhancement of the figure of merit over our lab-made material without nanoscale heterostructures. This enhancement is mainly due to the decrease in the thermal conductivity while maintaining the power factor. Overall, this cost-efficient and room-temperature synthesis methodology provides the potential for further improvement and large-scale thermoelectric applications.

  7. Hydrogen Production Cost Estimate Using Biomass Gasification...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Cost Estimate Using Biomass Gasification: Independent Review Hydrogen Production Cost Estimate Using Biomass Gasification: Independent Review This independent review is the...

  8. ESTIMATING INTRINSIC ATTENUATION FROM SEISMIC INTERFEROMETRY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Snieder, Roel

    the subsurface are often assumed to be the response of elastic media that do not dissipate mechanical energy Institute of Technology. The attenuation of the motion of this building has been measured using seismic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . iii LIST OF FIGURES AND TABLES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . vii LIST

  9. Snow water equivalent estimation using blackbox optimization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alarie et al.

    2011-02-23

    Feb 23, 2011 ... passive microwave data (SSM/I sensors). ... and testing of new algorithmic strategies are conducted on the surrogate before .... of the surrogate is very low and testing in a parallel environment is ..... Figure 4: Performance profile [21] for the six selected algorithms .... Shaping the future, annual report 2009.

  10. Operating Costs Estimates Cost Indices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boisvert, Jeff

    cost projections · Chemical Engineering (CE) Plant Construction Cost Index ­ Base value = 100 in 1957.0 in 2Q 2001 · Engineering News Record (ENR) · Nelson Refinery (NR) Construction Cost Index Cost Indices available for estimation are based upon the past · These data must be updated using cost indexes . · Cost

  11. Strichartz Estimates Counterexample to Strichartz

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Hart F.

    for the Wave Equation on Compact Manifolds with Boundary Hart F. Smith Department of Mathematics University of Washington, Seattle Carolina Meeting on Harmonic Analysis and PDE Hart F. Smith Strichartz Estimates g L2(M) For manifolds without boundary: 1 p + n q = n 2 - 2 p + n - 1 q n - 1 2 Hart F. Smith

  12. TOWARDS ESTIMATING TOTAL ECONOMIC VALUE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bateman, Ian J.

    TOWARDS ESTIMATING TOTAL ECONOMIC VALUE OF FORESTS IN MEXICO by Neil Adger Katrina Brown Raffaello OF FORESTS IN MEXICO by Neil Adger Katrina Brown Raffaello Cervigni Dominic Moran Centre for Social and SEDESOL for their assistance whilst in Mexico, and David Pearce and Kerry Turner for comments on earlier

  13. Drought: Monitoring, Estimation and Prediction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Washington at Seattle, University of

    .S. disaster before hurricane Katrina) Significant social consequences (e.g. Dust Bowl) Challenges U.S. dataset (1915-present) Need method for objective identification and estimation of drought Capacity model Solves energy and water balance over gridded domain Sub-grid variability in topography

  14. Estimating Hydrogen Demand Distribution Using Geographic Information Systems (GIS)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ni, Jason; Johnson, Nils; Ogden, Joan M; Yang, Christopher; Johnson, Joshua

    2005-01-01

    in the application of GIS to the study of environmental13) Figure 13 Interaction between GIS and Optimization ofEngineer Joshua Johnson 2 , GIS Specialist Institute of

  15. Estimation of Recharge to the Middle Trinity Aquifer of Central Texas Using Water-Level Fluctuations 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jennings, Marshall; Chad, Thomas; Burch, John; Creutzburg, Brian; Lambert, Lance

    2001-01-01

    .............8 Figure 5. Water Level and Rainfall, Hays County, 57-56-710, 1999-2000..........24 Figure 6. Water Level and Rainfall, Hays County, 57-64-705, 1999-2000..........25 Figure 7. Water Level and Rainfall, Blanco County, 57-53-305, 1999-2000 ......30... Figure 8. Water Level and Rainfall, Blanco County, 57-53-614, 1999-2000 ......31 Figure 9. Water Level and Rainfall, Comal County, 68-13-806, 1999-2000 .......32 Figure 10. Water Level and Rainfall, Comal County, 68-06-709, 1999-2000 .......33 Figure 11...

  16. Best Linear Unbiased Estimate Motivation for BLUE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fowler, Mark

    1 Chapter 6 Best Linear Unbiased Estimate (BLUE) #12;2 Motivation for BLUE Except for Linear Model to a sub-optimal estimate BLUE is one such sub-optimal estimate Idea for BLUE: 1. Restrict estimate) Advantage of BLUE:Needs only 1st and 2nd moments of PDF Mean & Covariance Disadvantages of BLUE: 1. Sub

  17. Guidelines for Estimating Unmetered Landscapting Water Use

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    2010-07-30

    Guidance to help Federal agencies estimate unmetered landscaping water use as required by Executive Order 13514

  18. Technical report: Multivariate generalized S-estimators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Van Aelst, Stefan

    Technical report: Multivariate generalized S-estimators Roelant E. a, Van Aelst S. a Croux C. b a-estimators for the multivariate regression model. This class of estimators combines high robustness and high efficiency of residuals. In the special case of a multivariate location model, the generalized S-estimator has

  19. Pascal, Blaise (1623-1662).. Expriences nouvelles touchant le vuide ,faites dans des tuyaux, syringues, soufflets et siphons de plusieurs longueurs et figures, avec diverses liqueurs, comme vif-argent, eau, vin, huyle, air, etc. avec un discours sur le me

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aubin, David

    , syringues, soufflets et siphons de plusieurs longueurs et figures, avec diverses liqueurs, comme vif

  20. Estimator Design in Jet Engine Applications Manfredi Maggiorea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maggiore, Manfredi

    Axial compressor blades Figure 1. Propagation of stall cells in rotor blades. described in Figure 1 dynamical systems for which an exact mathematical model cannot be used for esti- mator design, because, where a row of axial com- pressor blades is shown: a non-uniformity in the inlet flow causes an increase

  1. Practical Edge Finding with a Robust Estimator Margaret M. Fleck

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fleck, Margaret M.

    ­classified pixels. The algorithm is made as fast as a Marr­Hildreth edge finder by restructuring the esti­ mator textured regions (figure 1), at the same speed as a Marr­Hildreth edge finder. A scalar image can; Figure 1: A textured image, the output of a Marr­ Hildreth edge finder (top), edges and smoothed values

  2. Improving earthquake source spectrum estimation using multitaper techniques

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Prieto, German A

    2007-01-01

    S P Figure 3.11: Radiated S-wave energy E sversus P -wave energy E s . . . . . . . Figure 3.12: P and Sc (P ) ? 1.6f c (S). S Wave Energy (J) E S = 9.1 E P P Wave

  3. Figure 1. Comparison of amino-acid frequencies in predicted disordered (freqdis) and ordered (freqord) regions of human proteins. Amino acids are

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Obradovic, Zoran

    Figure 1. Comparison of amino-acid frequencies in predicted disordered (freqdis) and ordered (freqord) regions of human proteins. Amino acids are sorted by the relative difference (freqdis ­freqord differences between amino acid sequences of IDPs/IDRs and structured globular proteins and domains

  4. Supplementary Figure 1| Neutron diffraction data at 86 % relative humidity. a) Schematic representation of neutron diffraction geometry for -2 scans. Diffraction data are obtained

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    White, Stephen

    distributions of lipid and protein under varying levels of hydration. Predicted neutron scattering profiles as number density profiles weighted by the neutron scattering lengths of individual atoms, then symmetrizedSupplementary Figure 1| Neutron diffraction data at 86 % relative humidity. a) Schematic

  5. BMES Biomedical Engineering Society Annual Meeting, Hartford, Oct. 12-15, 2011. Figure 2. The migration of PC3 cells to different

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chiao, Jung-Chih

    to develop therapeutic strategies to stop the migration of the cancer from primary to a secondary site, which. The migration of PC3 cells to different growth factors are monitored over five days. Figure 1. The microfluidic of Growth Factors on PC3 Cell Migration U. Tata, S. Rao, K. T. Nguyen, V. K. Lin, and J-C. Chiao

  6. 11141-4244-1176-9/07/$25.00 2007 IEEE. Figure 1. A typical read and write cycle timing of DDR2.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Draper, Jeff

    11141-4244-1176-9/07/$25.00 ©2007 IEEE. Figure 1. A typical read and write cycle timing of DDR2. Data Strobe Timing of DDR2 using a Statistical Random Sampling Technique Rashed Zafar Bhatti EE@isi.edu Abstract-- This paper presents a new way to tackle critical bus cycle timing issues related to DDR/DDR2 bus

  7. Assignment Carbon Footprints Name__Lachniet__ 1) See Figure 1.1a at the back of the assignment (from IPCC)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lachniet, Matthew S.

    Assignment Carbon Footprints Name__Lachniet__ 1) See Figure 1.1a at the back capita, relative to other countries. 3) Use the carbon footprint calculator at 1) http utility bill. Use the # of people living in your house. a) What is your carbon footprint, in metric

  8. Figure 5. The LAT and the GLAST spacecraft. GLAST will also carry a gamma-ray burst monitor, the GBM instrument. For more information about GLAST, see

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Strong, Andrew W.

    Figure 5. The LAT and the GLAST spacecraft. GLAST will also carry a gamma-ray burst monitor-energy gamma-ray astronomy, owing to the poor angular resolutions of the detectors and the limited statistics of the diffuse interstellar gamma-ray intensity. The LAT collaboration will develop a model of th e interstellar

  9. The Unseen Genome: Gems among the Junk Just when scientists thought they had DNA almost figured out, they are discovering in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jacob, Eshel Ben

    celebrated the 50th anniversary of the discovery of the double helix, and the Human Genome Project announced to humans. The genome is home to many more actors than just the protein-coding genes. The extentThe Unseen Genome: Gems among the Junk Just when scientists thought they had DNA almost figured out

  10. ElectroMechanical Systems A transducer used to measure translational motion is shown in Figure 1.1. The permanent magnet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Landers, Robert G.

    Electro­Mechanical Systems QUESTION 1 A transducer used to measure translational motion is shown variables and inputs. #12;Electro­Mechanical Systems 2 L R ei(t) + - M K B N S I(t) Figure 2.1 QUESTION 3 of state equations describing the system dynamics. d. Determine the state variables and inputs. #12;Electro­Mechanical

  11. Machine Design -2 The figure below shows a picture of the splined end of a failed half-shaft. The fatigue failure occurred at the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Battaglia, Francine

    Machine Design - 2 The figure below shows a picture of the splined end of a failed half-shaft. The fatigue failure occurred at the snap-ring groove. The half-shaft transmits engine torque on acceleration = +1617 in-lbf. The half-shaft material is a heat-treated, case-hardened 4340 steel, Sy = 234 kpsi, Sut

  12. Figure 1. The net load, or power load minus wind and solar generation, for the state of California on March 31.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nehorai, Arye

    increase in solar and wind installations. This graph, often called a "Duck Curve" in the industry because can have. When a power grid has a large #12;2 amount of solar power capacity, the middle of this curve1 Figure 1. The net load, or power load minus wind and solar generation, for the state

  13. Figure 1. Day 1 SPC Fire Weather Outlook graphic showing a critical area over parts of the western U.S.,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Figure 1. Day 1 SPC Fire Weather Outlook graphic showing a critical area over parts of the western IN NATIONAL FIRE WEATHER OUTLOOKS Sarah J. Taylor*, David R. Bright, Greg Carbin and Phillip Bothwell NOAA. INTRODUCTION The Storm Prediction Center (SPC) in Norman, OK prepares national Fire Weather Outlooks valid

  14. Power limits and a figure of merit for stimulated Brillouin scattering in the presence of third and fifth order loss

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wolff, Christian; Steel, Michael J; Eggleton, Benjamin J; Poulton, Christopher G

    2015-01-01

    We derive a set of design guidelines and a figure of merit to aid the engineering process of on-chip waveguides for strong Stimulated Brillouin Scattering (SBS). To this end, we examine the impact of several types of loss on the total amplification of the Stokes wave that can be achieved via SBS. We account for linear loss and nonlinear loss of third order (two-photon absorption, 2PA) and fifth order, most notably 2PA-induced free carrier absorption (FCA). From this, we derive an upper bound for the output power of continuous-wave Brillouin-lasers and show that the optimal operating conditions and maximal realisable Stokes amplification of any given waveguide structure are determined by a dimensionless parameter $\\mathcal{F}$ involving the SBS-gain and all loss parameters. We provide simple expressions for optimal pump power, waveguide length and realisable amplification and demonstrate their utility in two example systems. Notably, we find that 2PA-induced FCA is a serious limitation to SBS in silicon and ge...

  15. Tepper School Facts & Figures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McGaughey, Alan

    , communications, economics, entrepreneurship, ethics and social responsibility, finance, information systems ADMINISTRATION Students: 409 Tracks include business technology, entrepreneurship, finance, general management development, and technology leadership. Degrees, Concentrations and Enrollment Enrollment numbers

  16. This Article Figures Only

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sparks, Donald L.

    , Crop Science Society of America, and Soil Science Society of America 677 S. Segoe Rd., Madison, WI SEARCH TABLE OF CONTENTS The SCI Journals Agronomy Journal Crop Science Vadose Zone Journal Soil Science by the American Society of Agronomy, Crop Science Society of America, and Soil Science Society of America. #12;

  17. Supplemental Figures Elastase LDH

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nizet, Victor

    recovered from wild type (wt)-infected mice show nuclease activity (DNA degradation), whereas the bacteria for cytotoxicity [ii]. Human neutrophils were resuspended in RPMI without phenol red containing 2% nuclease at a concentration of 500 mU/ml to degrade NETs and to release elastase from NETs. The reaction was stopped with 5 m

  18. Supplementary Information Supplementary Figures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daraio, Chiara

    water temperatures and two different substrate wettability values (i.e. contact angles). Black line)² as a function of t/r0 2 . Blue and filled circles: Diffusive evaporation; Blue line: Linear fitting line barrier versus temperature. Energy barriers for homogeneous and heterogeneous nucleation for different

  19. MECS Fuel Oil Figures

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet)DecadeYear Jan Feb Mar Apr 2012 2013(MillionYear5,020CubicCubic(Million:

  20. Nonlinear and distributed sensory estimation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sugathevan, Suranthiran

    2005-08-29

    !tdt (2.3) where ! is frequency in rad/sec. Fff(t)g is also known as the spectrum of f(t). De nition 4 Inverse Fourier Transform: The Inverse Fourier Transform (F 1f:g) recovers the function f(t) from its Fourier Transform Fff(t)g. F 1fFff(t)gg = f(t) = 12...=ISO-8859-1 NONLINEAR AND DISTRIBUTED SENSORY ESTIMATION A Dissertation by SURANTHIRAN SUGATHEVAN Submitted to the O ce of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial ful llment of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY May...

  1. Principal Components Instrumental Variable Estimation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Winkelried, Diego; Smith, Richard J.

    2011-01-31

    badly if the IV do not admit a factor representation 3 (cf., Kapetanios and Marcellino, 2006). We rely instead on a vague notion of correlation among instruments (assumption A5 or A6 below), as the merits of the PCIVE depend on the instruments displaying... Assumption A4. Hence, Assumption A4 simply places a bound for ??? such that the implied restriction on the 6 explanatory power of the instruments in (3) also holds in matrix norms. 2.1 The Case for a Lower-Dimensional IVE We study the properties of estimators...

  2. Harmonizing Systems and Software Cost Estimation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Gan

    2009-07-19

    The objective of this paper is to examine the gaps and overlaps between software and systems engineering cost models with intent to harmonize the estimates in engineering engineering estimation. In particular, we evaluate ...

  3. Estimation of net ecosystem carbon exchange for the conterminous United States by combining MODIS and AmeriFlux data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xiao, Jingfeng

    2010-01-01

    E. Huxman (2002), Carbon sequestration in a high-elevation,values indicate carbon sequestration. Figure 11. Estimatedvalues indicate carbon sequestration. Figure 10. Predicted

  4. Toward a consistency cross-check of eddy covariance flux–based and biometric estimates of ecosystem carbon balance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2009-01-01

    of this figure in the HTML. as GPP – NPP + Rh. Because theof this figure in the HTML. [ 39 ] Ideally the Ra/GPP and

  5. Cost Model and Cost Estimating Software

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    1997-03-28

    This chapter discusses a formalized methodology is basically a cost model, which forms the basis for estimating software.

  6. A Fast Algorithm for Nonstationary Delay Estimation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    So, Hing-Cheung

    to the explicit time delay estimator (ETDE) algorithm 4] but it is more computationally e cient and provides more

  7. PROBABILISTIC METHODS FOR LOCATION ESTIMATION IN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Myllymäki, Petri

    PROBABILISTIC METHODS FOR LOCATION ESTIMATION IN WIRELESS NETWORKS Petri Kontkanen, Petri Myllym;PROBABILISTIC METHODS FOR LOCATION ESTIMATION IN WIRELESS NETWORKS Petri Kontkanen, Petri Myllym¨aki, Teemu Roos METHODS FOR LOCATION ESTIMATION IN WIRELESS NETWORKS Petri Kontkanen, Petri Myllymäki, Teemu Roos, Henry

  8. New Methodology for Natural Gas Production Estimates

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2010-01-01

    A new methodology is implemented with the monthly natural gas production estimates from the EIA-914 survey this month. The estimates, to be released April 29, 2010, include revisions for all of 2009. The fundamental changes in the new process include the timeliness of the historical data used for estimation and the frequency of sample updates, both of which are improved.

  9. An approach to Bayesian based Effort Estimation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bae, Doo-Hwan

    project/activities and performing cost/benefits analysis Early estimate and accurate evaluation can of considering to estimate effort for software maintenance in view of system architecture Not enough to reflect as to requirement in architecture Lack of supporting to estimate effort for software maintenance in view

  10. An Estimate of Energy Use in Laboratories, Cleanrooms, and Data Centers in New York

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mathew, Paul

    2008-10-01

    Laboratories, cleanrooms and data centers are very energy-intensive. For example, laboratories are typically three to eight times as energy intensive as a typical office building, and a data center may be as much as 20-50 times as energy intensive as a typical office building. This technical note presents an estimate of the total energy use in laboratories, cleanrooms and data centers in New York. There is generally very limited data on energy use in the high tech sector, both at the national and state level. Since it was beyond the scope of this project to develop primary data through surveys, the analysis relied primarily on the use of proxy indicators and extrapolation from national data where available. The results for each building type are summarized below in table E-1 and figure E-1.

  11. Figure 1. The wet area is flooded by damming up a small stream adjacent to the study area once a year for a period of 2-3 months. By

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schierup, Mikkel Heide

    Figure 1. The wet area is flooded by damming up a small stream adjacent to the study area once. Figure 1.g The wet area is flooded by damming up a small streamded by damming up a smded by damwet area Vegetation data are obtained from two ri- parian grassland sites with strong hydro- logical gradients

  12. 2007 Estimated International Energy Flows

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Smith, C A; Belles, R D; Simon, A J

    2011-03-10

    An energy flow chart or 'atlas' for 136 countries has been constructed from data maintained by the International Energy Agency (IEA) and estimates of energy use patterns for the year 2007. Approximately 490 exajoules (460 quadrillion BTU) of primary energy are used in aggregate by these countries each year. While the basic structure of the energy system is consistent from country to country, patterns of resource use and consumption vary. Energy can be visualized as it flows from resources (i.e. coal, petroleum, natural gas) through transformations such as electricity generation to end uses (i.e. residential, commercial, industrial, transportation). These flow patterns are visualized in this atlas of 136 country-level energy flow charts.

  13. Supplemental report on cost estimates'

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1992-04-29

    The Office of Management and Budget (OMB) and the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers have completed an analysis of the Department of Energy's (DOE) Fiscal Year (FY) 1993 budget request for its Environmental Restoration and Waste Management (ERWM) program. The results were presented to an interagency review group (IAG) of senior-Administration officials for their consideration in the budget process. This analysis included evaluations of the underlying legal requirements and cost estimates on which the ERWM budget request was based. The major conclusions are contained in a separate report entitled, ''Interagency Review of the Department of Energy Environmental Restoration and Waste Management Program.'' This Corps supplemental report provides greater detail on the cost analysis.

  14. Robustness analysis of linear estimators 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tayade, Rajeshwary

    2004-09-30

    . Conditional Maximum Likelihood, i.e. given that the conditional probability function p(yjx) is known, find x such that p(y0jx) is maximum for a particular observation y0. Thus we can have estimators that minimize the average cost, or minimizes the max- imum... as the particle moves from t0 to t is given by s = Z t t0 jx0(t)jdt (2.2) Here we have an expression for s as a function of t : s = f(t). To show that s is a regular parameter, we note that this function is also analytic. Differentiating equation 2.2 we have, ds...

  15. Robust bearing estimation for 3-component stations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    CLAASSEN,JOHN P.

    2000-02-01

    A robust bearing estimation process for 3-component stations has been developed and explored. The method, called SEEC for Search, Estimate, Evaluate and Correct, intelligently exploits the inherent information in the arrival at every step of the process to achieve near-optimal results. In particular the approach uses a consistent framework to define the optimal time-frequency windows on which to make estimates, to make the bearing estimates themselves, to construct metrics helpful in choosing the better estimates or admitting that the bearing is immeasurable, and finally to apply bias corrections when calibration information is available to yield a single final estimate. The algorithm was applied to a small but challenging set of events in a seismically active region. It demonstrated remarkable utility by providing better estimates and insights than previously available. Various monitoring implications are noted from these findings.

  16. Record figure of merit values of highly stoichiometric Sb2Te3 porous bulk synthesized from tailor-made molecular precursors in ionic liquids

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Heimann, Stefan; Schulz, Stephan; Schaumann, Julian; Mudring, Anja; Stötzel, Julia; Maculewicz, Franziska; Schierning, Gabi

    2015-08-06

    We report on the synthesis of Sb2Te3 nanoparticles with record-high figure of merit values of up to 1.5. The central thermoelectric parameters, electrical conductivity, thermal conductivity and Seebeck coefficient, were independently optimized. Critical influence of porosity for the fabrication of highly efficient thermoelectric materials is firstly demonstrated, giving a strong guidance for the optimization of other thermoelectric materials.

  17. Improved Figure of Merit of (Ba,Sr)TiO3-Based Ceramics by Sn Substitution Jong-Yoon Ha, Liwei Lin, Dae-Yong Jeong1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Liwei

    Improved Figure of Merit of (Ba,Sr)TiO3-Based Ceramics by Sn Substitution Jong-Yoon Ha, Liwei Lin properties of (Ba0:6Sr0:4)(Ti1Àx Snx )O3 (0 x 0:3) ceramics were investigated. Single-phase specimens having for Ti4þ , up to 30 mol %, on ferroelectric properties and dielectric tunability of ceramics in the Ba0

  18. Figures and Data Plots from the Published Papers of the BELLE Experiment at the KEK - B Factory

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    This resource provides more than 300 citations to preprints and papers with the figures from each one pulled out separately for easy access and downloading. These are physics publications. Be sure to also see the page of Technical Journal publications at http://belle.kek.jp/belle/bellenim/index.htm and the lists of conference presentations from 2000 through 2009. Belle is a high-energy physics (HEP) experiment that began in 1999 at the KEK B-factory in Japan under the direction of the international Belle Collaboration. The original Letter of Intent from the Collaboration stated their scientific goal as follows:

    The laws of nature have a high degree of symmetry between matter and antimatter; violations of this symmetry, the so-called CP violations, are only seen as a small effect in the decays of neutral K mesons. Although experimental evidence for CP violation was first observed 30 years ago, we still do not understand how they occur. In 1973, Kobayashi and Maskawa (KM) noted that CP violation could be accommodated in the Standard Model only if there were at least six quark flavors, twice the number of quark flavors known at that time. The KM model for CP violation is now considered to be an essential part of the Standard Model. In 1980, Sanda and Carter pointed out that the KM model contained the possibility of rather sizable CP violating asymmetries in certain decay modes of the B meson. The subsequent observation of a long b quark lifetime and a large amount of mixing in the neutral B meson system indicated that it would be feasible to carry out decisive tests of the KM model by studying B meson decays. Our collaboration has been formed around the common interest of clarifying the long standing physics puzzle of CP violation. Our goal is to make a definitive test of the Standard ModelÆs predictions for CP violations in the decays of B mesons. [Copied, with editing, from Letter of Intent (KEK-Report94-2, April 1994); see http://belle.kek.jp/bdocs/old_publication.html and open the Letter of Intent file]

    That original Belle experiment verified the KM theory, leading to a Nobel prize in 2008 for Kobayashi and Maskawa. Belle II Collaboration is now working on additional discoveries.

  19. Estimating Vehicle Miles Traveled on Local Roads 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qian, Jiayu

    2013-11-07

    . The logarithmic value of the link rank (Rank) by r, and the logarithmic value of betweenness centrality (BC value) by y. The first piece (red) includes 20% total links and the second (blue) involves 80% links. ......................... 38 Figure 8... with income higher than x, x = income). Meanwhile, he observed that around 80% of the land in Italy was owned by 20% of the population. This phenomenon also exists in income range. That is why this kind of distribution is known as the 80-20 rule or the law...

  20. Model Reduction and Parameter Estimation in Groundwater Modeling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Siade, Adam

    2012-01-01

    Uncon?ned Groundwater Model Reduction via Proper Orthogonalvi List of Figures One-dimensional groundwater ?owQuadratic Programming 3.1 Con?ned aquifer groundwater ?ow

  1. Input estimation from measured structural response

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Harvey, Dustin [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Cross, Elizabeth [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Silva, Ramon A [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Farrar, Charles R [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Bement, Matt [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2009-01-01

    This report will focus on the estimation of unmeasured dynamic inputs to a structure given a numerical model of the structure and measured response acquired at discrete locations. While the estimation of inputs has not received as much attention historically as state estimation, there are many applications where an improved understanding of the immeasurable input to a structure is vital (e.g. validating temporally varying and spatially-varying load models for large structures such as buildings and ships). In this paper, the introduction contains a brief summary of previous input estimation studies. Next, an adjoint-based optimization method is used to estimate dynamic inputs to two experimental structures. The technique is evaluated in simulation and with experimental data both on a cantilever beam and on a three-story frame structure. The performance and limitations of the adjoint-based input estimation technique are discussed.

  2. How to Estimate the Value of Service Reliability Improvements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sullivan, Michael J.

    2010-01-01

    most current estimates of outage costs, it is hopeful thatand D. M. Keane. “Outage Cost Estimation Guidebook,” EPRIanalysts on how to apply outage cost estimates to a smart

  3. GAO Cost Estimating and Assessment Guide | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Cost Estimating and Assessment Guide GAO Cost Estimating and Assessment Guide GAO 12-Step Estimating Process.pdf More Documents & Publications EIR SOP Septmebr 2010 Microsoft Word...

  4. Population estimates for Phase 1: Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction Project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Beck, D.M.; Erickson, A.R.; Harkreader, S.A.

    1992-03-01

    This report summarizes the population estimates of Phase I of the Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction (HEDR) Project. These estimates were used to develop preliminary dose estimates.

  5. State energy data report 1994: Consumption estimates

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1996-10-01

    This document provides annual time series estimates of State-level energy consumption by major economic sector. The estimates are developed in the State Energy Data System (SEDS), operated by EIA. SEDS provides State energy consumption estimates to members of Congress, Federal and State agencies, and the general public, and provides the historical series needed for EIA`s energy models. Division is made for each energy type and end use sector. Nuclear electric power is included.

  6. Budget estimates. Fiscal year 1998

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1997-02-01

    The U.S. Congress has determined that the safe use of nuclear materials for peaceful purposes is a legitimate and important national goal. It has entrusted the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) with the primary Federal responsibility for achieving that goal. The NRC`s mission, therefore, is to regulate the Nation`s civilian use of byproduct, source, and special nuclear materials to ensure adequate protection of public health and safety, to promote the common defense and security, and to protect the environment. The NRC`s FY 1998 budget requests new budget authority of $481,300,000 to be funded by two appropriations - one is the NRC`s Salaraies and Expenses appropriation for $476,500,000, and the other is NRC`s Office of Inspector General appropriation for $4,800,000. Of the funds appropriated to the NRC`s Salaries and Expenses, $17,000,000, shall be derived from the Nuclear Waste Fund and $2,000,000 shall be derived from general funds. The proposed FY 1998 appropriation legislation would also exempt the $2,000,000 for regulatory reviews and other assistance provided to the Department of Energy from the requirement that the NRC collect 100 percent of its budget from fees. The sums appropriated to the NRC`s Salaries and Expenses and NRC`s Office of Inspector General shall be reduced by the amount of revenues received during FY 1998 from licensing fees, inspection services, and other services and collections, so as to result in a final FY 1998 appropriation for the NRC of an estimated $19,000,000 - the amount appropriated from the Nuclear Waste Fund and from general funds. Revenues derived from enforcement actions shall be deposited to miscellaneous receipts of the Treasury.

  7. Adjoint Error Estimation for Elastohydrodynamic Lubrication

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jimack, Peter

    Adjoint Error Estimation for Elastohydrodynamic Lubrication by Daniel Edward Hart Submitted elastohydro- dynamic lubrication (EHL) problems. A functional is introduced, namely the friction

  8. An Estimator of Propagation of Cascading Failure

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dobson, Ian; Wierzbicki, Kevin; Carreras, Benjamin A; Lynch, Vickie E; Newman, David E

    2006-01-01

    The authors suggest a statistical estimator to measure the extent to which failures propagate in cascading failures such as large blackouts.

  9. Adjusted Estimates of Texas Natural Gas Production

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2005-01-01

    The Energy Information Administration (EIA) is adjusting its estimates of natural gas production in Texas for 2004 and 2005 to correctly account for carbon dioxide (CO2) production.

  10. Estimating solar irradiance using a geostationary satellite

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Urquhart, Bryan Glenn

    2011-01-01

    Heliosat procedure for irradiance Estimates from Satellitethe pro duction of solar irradiance and daylight illuminancesatellite based solar irradiance modelling - The SOLIS clear

  11. Estimating Mitigation Potential of Agricultural Projects: an...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Tool (EX-ACT) Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Brazil-Estimating Mitigation Potential of Agricultural Projects: an Application of the...

  12. How EIA Estimates Natural Gas Production

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2004-01-01

    The Energy Information Administration (EIA) publishes estimates monthly and annually of the production of natural gas in the United States. The estimates are based on data EIA collects from gas producing states and data collected by the U. S. Minerals Management Service (MMS) in the Department of Interior. The states and MMS collect this information from producers of natural gas for various reasons, most often for revenue purposes. Because the information is not sufficiently complete or timely for inclusion in EIA's Natural Gas Monthly (NGM), EIA has developed estimation methodologies to generate monthly production estimates that are described in this document.

  13. Cost Estimating Handbook for Environmental Restoration

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1990-09-01

    Environmental restoration (ER) projects have presented the DOE and cost estimators with a number of properties that are not comparable to the normal estimating climate within DOE. These properties include: An entirely new set of specialized expressions and terminology. A higher than normal exposure to cost and schedule risk, as compared to most other DOE projects, due to changing regulations, public involvement, resource shortages, and scope of work. A higher than normal percentage of indirect costs to the total estimated cost due primarily to record keeping, special training, liability, and indemnification. More than one estimate for a project, particularly in the assessment phase, in order to provide input into the evaluation of alternatives for the cleanup action. While some aspects of existing guidance for cost estimators will be applicable to environmental restoration projects, some components of the present guidelines will have to be modified to reflect the unique elements of these projects. The purpose of this Handbook is to assist cost estimators in the preparation of environmental restoration estimates for Environmental Restoration and Waste Management (EM) projects undertaken by DOE. The DOE has, in recent years, seen a significant increase in the number, size, and frequency of environmental restoration projects that must be costed by the various DOE offices. The coming years will show the EM program to be the largest non-weapons program undertaken by DOE. These projects create new and unique estimating requirements since historical cost and estimating precedents are meager at best. It is anticipated that this Handbook will enhance the quality of cost data within DOE in several ways by providing: The basis for accurate, consistent, and traceable baselines. Sound methodologies, guidelines, and estimating formats. Sources of cost data/databases and estimating tools and techniques available at DOE cost professionals.

  14. 2011 International Conference on Indoor Positioning and Indoor Navigation (IPIN), 21-23 September 2011, Guimares, Portugal Figure 1. The camera pose can be estimated in respect to the laser

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    * * Institute of Geodesy and Photogrammetry, ETH Zurich, Switzerland. Email: tilchs@ethz.ch Abstract--This paper demand on positioning capabilities in applications such as healthcare, disaster management, metrology, logistics or housekeeping. A growing market in indoor positioning technologies appoints the research

  15. REPORT NO. 4 ESTIMATES AND EVALUATION OF

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    REPORT NO. 4 ESTIMATES AND EVALUATION OF FALLOUT IN THE UNITED STATES FROM NUCLEAR WEAPONS ESTIMATES AND EVALUATION OF FALLOUT IN THE UNITED STATES FROM NUCLEAR WEAPONS TESTING CONDUCTED THROUGH 1962 Section II History of Nuclear Weapons Testing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Section III Atmospheric

  16. Quality Estimation and Segmentation of Pig Backs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Quality Estimation and Segmentation of Pig Backs Mads Fogtmann Hansen Kongens Lyngby 2005 Master the quality of the pig product "18cm back". It presents the necessary tools for deriving the measures, which are needed to perform a quality estimation. This includes finding the ribs, extracting the 18cm back from

  17. Hydrogen Production Cost Estimate Using Biomass Gasification

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hydrogen Production Cost Estimate Using Biomass Gasification National Renewable Energy Laboratory Panel, Hydrogen Production Cost Estimate Using Biomass Gasification To: Mr. Mark Ruth, NREL, DOE dollars. Costs for a pioneer plant [a 1st plant with a capacity of 500 dry ton per day (dtpd) biomass

  18. The Importance of Carbon Footprint Estimation Boundaries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    The Importance of Carbon Footprint Estimation Boundaries H . S C O T T M A T T H E W S , C H R I and organizations are pursuing "carbon footprint" projects to estimate their own contributions to global climate change. Protocol definitions from carbon registries help organizations analyze their footprints

  19. Enhanced State Estimators Final Project Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Enhanced State Estimators Final Project Report Power Systems Engineering Research Center A National Engineering Research Center Enhanced State Estimators Final Project Report Report Authors Jun Zhu, Ph-373-3051 Fax: 617-373-4431 Email: abur@ece.neu.edu Power Systems Engineering Research Center This is a project

  20. Hybrid Estimation of CMB Polarization Power Spectra

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. Efstathiou

    2006-01-05

    This paper generalises the hybrid power spectrum estimator developed in Efstathiou (2004a) to the estimation of polarization power spectra of the cosmic microwave background radiation. The hybrid power spectrum estimator is unbiased and we show that it is close to optimal at all multipoles, provided the pixel noise satisfies certain reasonable constraints. Furthermore, the hybrid estimator is computationally fast and can easily be incorporated in a Monte-Carlo chain for Planck-sized data sets. Simple formulae are given for the covariance matrices, including instrumental noise, and these are tested extensively against numerical simulations. We compare the behaviour of simple pseudo-Cell estimates with maximum likelihood estimates at low multipoles. For realistic sky cuts, maximum likelihood estimates reduce very significantly the mixing of E and B modes. To achieve limits on the scalar-tensor ratio of r<<0.1 from sky maps with realistic sky cuts, maximum likelihood methods, or pseudo-Cell estimators based on unambiguous E and B modes, will be essential.

  1. Short Papers___________________________________________________________________________________________________ Estimating the Fundamental Matrix

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin, Ralph R.

    ___________________________________________________________________________________________________ Estimating the Fundamental Matrix via Constrained Least-Squares: A Convex Approach Graziano Chesi, AndreaÐIn this paper, a new method for the estimation of the fundamental matrix from point correspondences is presented on the fundamental matrix. It is shown how this nonconvex optimization problem can be solved avoiding local minima

  2. Reservation Price Estimation by Adaptive Conjoint Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schmidt-Thieme, Lars

    Reservation Price Estimation by Adaptive Conjoint Analysis Christoph Breidert1 , Michael Hahsler1 applied the eco- nomic definition of reservation price in combination with a conjoint study on product pricing. In this paper we present a novel approach to estimate the economic reser- vation price using

  3. Estimated Costs of Pasture and Hay Production

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duffy, Michael D.

    Estimated Costs of Pasture and Hay Production This report summarizes estimated costs of improving pasture by five different systems. For each system, both the initial cost per acre and the annual maintenance cost per acre are presented. In addition, costs of establishing alfalfa or alfalfagrass hay

  4. Estimated Costs of Pasture and Hay Production

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duffy, Michael D.

    Estimated Costs of Pasture and Hay Production This report summarizes estimated costs of improving pasture by five different systems. For each system, both the initial cost per acre and the annual maintenance cost per acre are presented. In addition, costs of establishing alfalfa or alfalfa-grass hay

  5. CONFIDENTIALITY AND VARIANCE ESTIMATION IN COMPLEX SURVEYS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brennand, Tracy

    is the conflict of interest between in- formation sharing and disclosure control. Statistical agencies routinelyCONFIDENTIALITY AND VARIANCE ESTIMATION IN COMPLEX SURVEYS by Wen Wilson Lu M.Sc., Simon Fraser of Philosophy Title of thesis: Confidentiality and Variance Estimation in Complex Surveys Examining Committee

  6. Back-and-forth Operation of State Observers and Norm Estimation of Estimation Error

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Back-and-forth Operation of State Observers and Norm Estimation of Estimation Error Hyungbo Shim with the plant, this paper proposes a state estimation algorithm that executes Luenberger observers in a back in the past have employed time-varying gains to over- come this problem [1], where the basic idea is to obtain

  7. Figure 16: Spacetime diagram of a cross section of rule OE 8 at x = 64 starting with an initial condition that consist of a black triangle t1 into a sea of white cells. Time goes from left to right.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mitchell, Melanie

    .873 0.854 0.842 Table 4: Measured values of P N 10 4 at various values of N for different rulesFigure 16: Space­time diagram of a cross section of rule OE 8 at x = 64 starting with an initial. Figure 17: Space­time diagram of a cross section of rule OE 12 at x = 64 starting with an initial

  8. Estimating the bias of a noisy coin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Christopher Ferrie; Robin Blume-Kohout

    2012-01-06

    Optimal estimation of a coin's bias using noisy data is surprisingly different from the same problem with noiseless data. We study this problem using entropy risk to quantify estimators' accuracy. We generalize the "add Beta" estimators that work well for noiseless coins, and we find that these hedged maximum-likelihood (HML) estimators achieve a worst-case risk of O(N^{-1/2}) on noisy coins, in contrast to O(1/N) in the noiseless case. We demonstrate that this increased risk is unavoidable and intrinsic to noisy coins, by constructing minimax estimators (numerically). However, minimax estimators introduce extreme bias in return for slight improvements in the worst-case risk. So we introduce a pointwise lower bound on the minimum achievable risk as an alternative to the minimax criterion, and use this bound to show that HML estimators are pretty good. We conclude with a survey of scientific applications of the noisy coin model in social science, physical science, and quantum information science.

  9. Is This Cost Estimate Reliable?Is This Cost Estimate Reliable? -The Relationship between Homogeneity of Analogues

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bae, Doo-Hwan

    Is This Cost Estimate Reliable?Is This Cost Estimate Reliable? - The Relationship between/4)( / ) Software cost estimation Definition · Task of predicting the cost required to complete a software projectproject Techniques for software cost estimation · Algorithmic estimationAlgorithmic estimation ­ Calculate

  10. A priori estimates for relativistic liquid bodies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Todd A. Oliynyk

    2014-12-30

    We demonstrate that a sufficiently smooth solution of the relativistic Euler equations that represents a dynamical compact liquid body, when expressed in Lagrangian coordinates, determines a solution to a system of non-linear wave equations with acoustic boundary conditions. Using this wave formulation, we prove that these solutions satisfy energy estimates without loss of derivatives. Importantly, our wave formulation does not require the liquid to be irrotational, and the energy estimates do not rely on divergence and curl type estimates employed in previous works.

  11. A priori estimates for relativistic liquid bodies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oliynyk, Todd A

    2015-01-01

    We demonstrate that a sufficiently smooth solution of the relativistic Euler equations that represents a dynamical compact liquid body, when expressed in Lagrangian coordinates, determines a solution to a system of non-linear wave equations with acoustic boundary conditions. Using this wave formulation, we prove that these solutions satisfy energy estimates without loss of derivatives. Importantly, our wave formulation does not require the liquid to be irrotational, and the energy estimates do not rely on divergence and curl type estimates employed in previous works.

  12. State Energy Data Report, 1991: Consumption estimates

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-05-01

    The State Energy Data Report (SEDR) provides annual time series estimates of State-level energy consumption by major economic sector. The estimates are developed in the State Energy Data System (SEDS), which is maintained and operated by the Energy Information Administration (EIA). The goal in maintaining SEDS is to create historical time series of energy consumption by State that are defined as consistently as possible over time and across sectors. SEDS exists for two principal reasons: (1) to provide State energy consumption estimates to the Government, policy makers, and the public; and (2) to provide the historical series necessary for EIA`s energy models.

  13. Parallel State Estimation Assessment with Practical Data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chen, Yousu; Jin, Shuangshuang; Rice, Mark J.; Huang, Zhenyu

    2014-10-31

    This paper presents a full-cycle parallel state estimation (PSE) implementation using a preconditioned conjugate gradient algorithm. The developed code is able to solve large-size power system state estimation within 5 seconds using real-world data, comparable to the Supervisory Control And Data Acquisition (SCADA) rate. This achievement allows the operators to know the system status much faster to help improve grid reliability. Case study results of the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) system with real measurements are presented. The benefits of fast state estimation are also discussed.

  14. State energy data report 1993: Consumption estimates

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1995-07-01

    The State Energy Data Report (SEDR) provides annual time series estimates of State-level energy consumption by major economic sector. The estimates are developed in the State Energy Data System (SEDS), which is maintained and operated by the Energy Information Administration (EIA). The goal in maintaining SEDS is to create historical time series of energy consumption by State that are defined as consistently as possible over time and across sectors. SEDS exists for two principal reasons: (1) to provide State energy consumption estimates to Members of Congress, Federal and State agencies, and the general public; and (2) to provide the historical series necessary for EIA`s energy models.

  15. State energy data report 1995 - consumption estimates

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1997-12-01

    The State Energy Data Report (SEDR) provides annual time series estimates of State-level energy consumption by major economic sectors. The estimates are developed in the State Energy Data System (SEDS), which is maintained and operated by the Energy Information Administration (EIA). The goal in maintaining SEDS exists for two principal reasons: (1) to provide State energy consumption estimates to Members of Congress, Federal and State agencies, and the general public, and (2) to provide the historical series necessary for EIA`s energy models.

  16. A simple method to estimate interwell autocorrelation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pizarro, J.O.S.; Lake, L.W.

    1997-08-01

    The estimation of autocorrelation in the lateral or interwell direction is important when performing reservoir characterization studies using stochastic modeling. This paper presents a new method to estimate the interwell autocorrelation based on parameters, such as the vertical range and the variance, that can be estimated with commonly available data. We used synthetic fields that were generated from stochastic simulations to provide data to construct the estimation charts. These charts relate the ratio of areal to vertical variance and the autocorrelation range (expressed variously) in two directions. Three different semivariogram models were considered: spherical, exponential and truncated fractal. The overall procedure is demonstrated using field data. We find that the approach gives the most self-consistent results when it is applied to previously identified facies. Moreover, the autocorrelation trends follow the depositional pattern of the reservoir, which gives confidence in the validity of the approach.

  17. Nonlinear parameter estimation in parallel computing environments 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Jie

    1996-01-01

    Paragon supercomputer. We use a two-dimensional permeability estimation problem as the example to test and demonstrate the usage of the parallel PEST. An existing simulator program called US3D, which solves the three-dimensional groudwater flow...

  18. March 12, 2015 Parametric estimation in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Di Girolami, Cristina

    Tahar Department of Mathematics University of Abou Bekr Belkaid Tlemcen, Algeria #12;Consider Estimator of is known We observe a trajectory (Xt, t [0, T]) of (1) Consider the statistic : for t > 0

  19. Updating MIT's cost estimation model for shipbuilding

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Matthew B., Lieutenant, junior grade

    2008-01-01

    This thesis project will update the MIT ship cost estimation model by combining the two existing models (the Basic Military Training School (BMTS) Cost Model and the MIT Math Model) in order to develop a program that can ...

  20. Preliminary CBECS End-Use Estimates

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    For the past three CBECS (1989, 1992, and 1995), we used a statistically-adjusted engineering (SAE) methodology to estimate end-use consumption. The core of the SAE methodology...

  1. BPA Metering Services Editing and Estimating Procedures

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    be used to scale the estimated interval data with a shape projection applied. If SCADA data is available and has been mapped to the point of metering, it may be used for...

  2. Perceptually inspired image estimation and enhancement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Yuanzhen, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2009-01-01

    In this thesis, we present three image estimation and enhancement algorithms inspired by human vision. In the first part of the thesis, we propose an algorithm for mapping one image to another based on the statistics of a ...

  3. Minimizing Biases in Radar Precipitation Estimates 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McRoberts, Douglas B

    2014-12-08

    The demand for real-time drought information in recent years led to the development of a suite of objective drought indicators that relies on the high-resolution Stage IV precipitation estimates that are produced each day ...

  4. ORIGINAL CONTRIBUTION Implementing Diagnostic Criteria and Estimating

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ORIGINAL CONTRIBUTION Implementing Diagnostic Criteria and Estimating Frequency of Mild Cognitive criteria. Objectives: To operationalize diagnostic criteria for MCI and examine the frequency of MCI in ethnically and lin- guistically diverse elders (individuals older than 65 years). Design: Prospective

  5. Speed estimation using single loop detector outputs 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ye, Zhirui

    2009-05-15

    that speed estimation is a nonlinear system under various traffic conditions. Thus, a methodology of using Unscented Kalman Filter (UKF) is first proposed for such a system. The UKF is a parametric filtering technique that is suitable for nonlinear problems...

  6. Buildings GHG Mitigation Estimator Worksheet, Version 1

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Xcel document describes Version 1 of the the Buildings GHG Mitigation Estimator tool. This tool assists federal agencies in estimating the greenhouse gas mitigation reduction from implementing energy efficiency measures across a portfolio of buildings. It is designed to be applied to groups of office buildings, for example, at a program level (regional or site) that can be summarized at the agency level. While the default savings and cost estimates apply to office buildings, users can define their own efficiency measures, costs, and savings estimates for inclusion in the portfolio assessment. More information on user-defined measures can be found in Step 2 of the buildings emission reduction guidance. The output of this tool is a prioritized set of activities that can help the agency to achieve its greenhouse gas reduction targets most cost-effectively.

  7. gtp_flow_power_estimator.xlsx

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This simple spreadsheet model estimates either the flow rate required to produce a specified level of power output, or the power output that can be produced from a specified flow rate.

  8. Fracture compliance estimation using borehole tube waves

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bakku, Sudhish Kumar

    We tested two models, one for tube-wave generation and the other for tube-wave attenuation at a fracture intersecting a borehole that can be used to estimate fracture compliance, fracture aperture, and lateral extent. In ...

  9. U.S. Uranium Reserves Estimates

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Methodology The U.S. uranium ore reserves reported by EIA for specific MFC categories represent the sums of quantities estimated to occur in known deposits on properties where data...

  10. Lensed CMB simulation and parameter estimation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Antony Lewis

    2010-11-16

    Modelling of the weak lensing of the CMB will be crucial to obtain correct cosmological parameter constraints from forthcoming precision CMB anisotropy observations. The lensing affects the power spectrum as well as inducing non-Gaussianities. We discuss the simulation of full sky CMB maps in the weak lensing approximation and describe a fast numerical code. The series expansion in the deflection angle cannot be used to simulate accurate CMB maps, so a pixel remapping must be used. For parameter estimation accounting for the change in the power spectrum but assuming Gaussianity is sufficient to obtain accurate results up to Planck sensitivity using current tools. A fuller analysis may be required to obtain accurate error estimates and for more sensitive observations. We demonstrate a simple full sky simulation and subsequent parameter estimation at Planck-like sensitivity. The lensed CMB simulation and parameter estimation codes are publicly available.

  11. Estimates of Oil Reserves Jean Laherrere

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Donnell, Tom

    Estimates of Oil Reserves Jean Laherrere e-mail: jean.laherrere@wanadoo.fr sites: http oil will solve the present problems on welfare, retirement and they would dearly love to see the reserves of oil

  12. Compressing measurements in quantum dynamic parameter estimation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Magesan, Easwar

    We present methods that can provide an exponential savings in the resources required to perform dynamic parameter estimation using quantum systems. The key idea is to merge classical compressive sensing techniques with ...

  13. Information Fusion for Improved Motion Estimation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peacock, Andrew M

    Motion Estimation is an important research field with many commercial applications including surveillance, navigation, robotics, and image compression. As a result, the field has received a great deal of attention and ...

  14. Budget estimates, fiscal year 1997. Volume 12

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1996-03-01

    This report contains the fiscal year budget justification to Congress. The budget provides estimates for salaries and expenses and for the Office of the Inspector General for fiscal year 1997.

  15. Sub-Second Parallel State Estimation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chen, Yousu; Rice, Mark J.; Glaesemann, Kurt R.; Wang, Shaobu; Huang, Zhenyu

    2014-10-31

    This report describes the performance of Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) sub-second parallel state estimation (PSE) tool using the utility data from the Bonneville Power Administrative (BPA) and discusses the benefits of the fast computational speed for power system applications. The test data were provided by BPA. They are two-days’ worth of hourly snapshots that include power system data and measurement sets in a commercial tool format. These data are extracted out from the commercial tool box and fed into the PSE tool. With the help of advanced solvers, the PSE tool is able to solve each BPA hourly state estimation problem within one second, which is more than 10 times faster than today’s commercial tool. This improved computational performance can help increase the reliability value of state estimation in many aspects: (1) the shorter the time required for execution of state estimation, the more time remains for operators to take appropriate actions, and/or to apply automatic or manual corrective control actions. This increases the chances of arresting or mitigating the impact of cascading failures; (2) the SE can be executed multiple times within time allowance. Therefore, the robustness of SE can be enhanced by repeating the execution of the SE with adaptive adjustments, including removing bad data and/or adjusting different initial conditions to compute a better estimate within the same time as a traditional state estimator’s single estimate. There are other benefits with the sub-second SE, such as that the PSE results can potentially be used in local and/or wide-area automatic corrective control actions that are currently dependent on raw measurements to minimize the impact of bad measurements, and provides opportunities to enhance the power grid reliability and efficiency. PSE also can enable other advanced tools that rely on SE outputs and could be used to further improve operators’ actions and automated controls to mitigate effects of severe events on the grid. The power grid continues to grow and the number of measurements is increasing at an accelerated rate due to the variety of smart grid devices being introduced. A parallel state estimation implementation will have better performance than traditional, sequential state estimation by utilizing the power of high performance computing (HPC). This increased performance positions parallel state estimators as valuable tools for operating the increasingly more complex power grid.

  16. Chapter 3: FY 2005 benefits estimates

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None, None

    2009-01-18

    The Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) estimates expected benefits for its overall portfolio and for each of its 11 programs. Benefits for the FY 2005 budget request are estimated for the midterm (2010-2025) and long term (2030-2050). Two separate models suited to these periods are employed—NEMS-GPRA05 for the midterm and MARKAL-GPRA05 for the long term.

  17. Estimates of US biomass energy consumption 1992

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-05-06

    This report is the seventh in a series of publications developed by the Energy Information Administration (EIA) to quantify the biomass-derived primary energy used by the US economy. It presents estimates of 1991 and 1992 consumption. The objective of this report is to provide updated estimates of biomass energy consumption for use by Congress, Federal and State agencies, biomass producers and end-use sectors, and the public at large.

  18. Chapter 3: FY 2006 benefits estimates

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None, None

    2009-01-18

    The Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) estimates expected benefits for its overall portfolio and for each of its 11 programs. Benefits for the FY 2006 budget request are estimated for the midterm (2010-2025) and long term (2030-2050). Two separate models suited to these periods are employed–NEMS-GPRA06 for the midterm and MARKAL-GPRA06 for the long term.

  19. Estimating diesel engine performance by indirect methods 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McKiernan, Michael

    1987-01-01

    ESTIMATING DIESEL ENGINE PERFORMANCE BY INDIRECT METHODS A Thesis by MICHAEL MCKIERNAN Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ASM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements of the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1987 Major... Subject: Agricultural Engineering ESTIMATING DIESEL ENGINE PERFORMANCE BY INDIRECT NETHODS A Thesis by NICHAEL MCKIERNAN Approved as to style and content by: i A. Stout (Chairman of Comittee) ephen W. Searcy (Member) Thomas R. La (Nember...

  20. Estimated recharge rates at the Hanford Site

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fayer, M.J.; Walters, T.B.

    1995-02-01

    The Ground-Water Surveillance Project monitors the distribution of contaminants in ground water at the Hanford Site for the U.S. Department of Energy. A subtask called {open_quotes}Water Budget at Hanford{close_quotes} was initiated in FY 1994. The objective of this subtask was to produce a defensible map of estimated recharge rates across the Hanford Site. Methods that have been used to estimate recharge rates at the Hanford Site include measurements (of drainage, water contents, and tracers) and computer modeling. For the simulations of 12 soil-vegetation combinations, the annual rates varied from 0.05 mm/yr for the Ephrata sandy loam with bunchgrass to 85.2 mm/yr for the same soil without vegetation. Water content data from the Grass Site in the 300 Area indicated that annual rates varied from 3.0 to 143.5 mm/yr during an 8-year period. The annual volume of estimated recharge was calculated to be 8.47 {times} 10{sup 9} L for the potential future Hanford Site (i.e., the portion of the current Site bounded by Highway 240 and the Columbia River). This total volume is similar to earlier estimates of natural recharge and is 2 to 10x higher than estimates of runoff and ground-water flow from higher elevations. Not only is the volume of natural recharge significant in comparison to other ground-water inputs, the distribution of estimated recharge is highly skewed to the disturbed sandy soils (i.e., the 200 Areas, where most contaminants originate). The lack of good estimates of the means and variances of the supporting data (i.e., the soil map, the vegetation/land use map, the model parameters) translates into large uncertainties in the recharge estimates. When combined, the significant quantity of estimated recharge, its high sensitivity to disturbance, and the unquantified uncertainty of the data and model parameters suggest that the defensibility of the recharge estimates should be improved.

  1. Building unbiased estimators from non-Gaussian likelihoods with application to shear estimation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Madhavacheril, Mathew S.; Sehgal, Neelima; McDonald, Patrick; Slosar, Anže E-mail: pvmcdonald@lbl.gov E-mail: anze@bnl.gov

    2015-01-01

    We develop a general framework for generating estimators of a given quantity which are unbiased to a given order in the difference between the true value of the underlying quantity and the fiducial position in theory space around which we expand the likelihood. We apply this formalism to rederive the optimal quadratic estimator and show how the replacement of the second derivative matrix with the Fisher matrix is a generic way of creating an unbiased estimator (assuming choice of the fiducial model is independent of data). Next we apply the approach to estimation of shear lensing, closely following the work of Bernstein and Armstrong (2014). Our first order estimator reduces to their estimator in the limit of zero shear, but it also naturally allows for the case of non-constant shear and the easy calculation of correlation functions or power spectra using standard methods. Both our first-order estimator and Bernstein and Armstrong's estimator exhibit a bias which is quadratic in true shear. Our third-order estimator is, at least in the realm of the toy problem of Bernstein and Armstrong, unbiased to 0.1% in relative shear errors ?g/g for shears up to |g|=0.2.

  2. Building unbiased estimators from non-gaussian likelihoods with application to shear estimation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Madhavacheril, Mathew S.; Slosar, Anze; McDonald, Patrick; Sehgal, Neelima

    2015-01-01

    We develop a general framework for generating estimators of a given quantity which are unbiased to a given order in the difference between the true value of the underlying quantity and the fiducial position in theory space around which we expand the likelihood. We apply this formalism to rederive the optimal quadratic estimator and show how the replacement of the second derivative matrix with the Fisher matrix is a generic way of creating an unbiased estimator (assuming choice of the fiducial model is independent of data). Next we apply the approach to estimation of shear lensing, closely following the work of Bernstein and Armstrong (2014). Our first order estimator reduces to their estimator in the limit of zero shear, but it also naturally allows for the case of non-constant shear and the easy calculation of correlation functions or power spectra using standard methods. Both our first-order estimator and Bernstein and Armstrong’s estimator exhibit a bias which is quadratic in true shear. Our third-order estimator is, at least in the realm of the toy problem of Bernstein and Armstrong, unbiased to 0.1% in relative shear errors ?g/g for shears up to |g| = 0.2.

  3. Building unbiased estimators from non-gaussian likelihoods with application to shear estimation

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Madhavacheril, Mathew S.; McDonald, Patrick; Sehgal, Neelima; Slosar, Anze

    2015-01-15

    We develop a general framework for generating estimators of a given quantity which are unbiased to a given order in the difference between the true value of the underlying quantity and the fiducial position in theory space around which we expand the likelihood. We apply this formalism to rederive the optimal quadratic estimator and show how the replacement of the second derivative matrix with the Fisher matrix is a generic way of creating an unbiased estimator (assuming choice of the fiducial model is independent of data). Next we apply the approach to estimation of shear lensing, closely following the workmore »of Bernstein and Armstrong (2014). Our first order estimator reduces to their estimator in the limit of zero shear, but it also naturally allows for the case of non-constant shear and the easy calculation of correlation functions or power spectra using standard methods. Both our first-order estimator and Bernstein and Armstrong’s estimator exhibit a bias which is quadratic in true shear. Our third-order estimator is, at least in the realm of the toy problem of Bernstein and Armstrong, unbiased to 0.1% in relative shear errors ?g/g for shears up to |g| = 0.2.« less

  4. Evaluating the complementary relationship for estimating evapotranspiration from arid shrublands

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Szilagyi, Jozsef

    Evaluating the complementary relationship for estimating evapotranspiration from arid shrublands J supplies, accurate estimates of evapotranspiration (LE) from arid shrublands of the Southwestern United for estimating regional LE in arid shrubland environments. Our observational evidence supports the idea

  5. Fourier Analytic Approach to Phase Estimation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hiroshi Imai; Masahito Hayashi

    2008-10-31

    For a unified analysis on the phase estimation, we focus on the limiting distribution. It is shown that the limiting distribution can be given by the absolute square of the Fourier transform of $L^2$ function whose support belongs to $[-1,1]$. Using this relation, we study the relation between the variance of the limiting distribution and its tail probability. As our result, we prove that the protocol minimizing the asymptotic variance does not minimize the tail probability. Depending on the width of interval, we derive the estimation protocol minimizing the tail probability out of a given interval. Such an optimal protocol is given by a prolate spheroidal wave function which often appears in wavelet or time-limited Fourier analysis. Also, the minimum confidence interval is derived with the framework of interval estimation that assures a given confidence coefficient.

  6. Optimal error estimates for corrected trapezoidal rules

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Talvila, Erik

    2012-01-01

    Corrected trapezoidal rules are proved for $\\int_a^b f(x)\\,dx$ under the assumption that $f"\\in L^p([a,b])$ for some $1\\leq p\\leq\\infty$. Such quadrature rules involve the trapezoidal rule modified by the addition of a term $k[f'(a)-f'(b)]$. The coefficient $k$ in the quadrature formula is found that minimizes the error estimates. It is shown that when $f'$ is merely assumed to be continuous then the optimal rule is the trapezoidal rule itself. In this case error estimates are in terms of the Alexiewicz norm. This includes the case when $f"$ is integrable in the Henstock--Kurzweil sense or as a distribution. All error estimates are shown to be sharp for the given assumptions on $f"$. It is shown how to make these formulas exact for all cubic polynomials $f$. Composite formulas are computed for uniform partitions.

  7. Estimating exposure of terrestrial wildlife to contaminants

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sample, B.E.; Suter, G.W. II

    1994-09-01

    This report describes generalized models for the estimation of contaminant exposure experienced by wildlife on the Oak Ridge Reservation. The primary exposure pathway considered is oral ingestion, e.g. the consumption of contaminated food, water, or soil. Exposure through dermal absorption and inhalation are special cases and are not considered hereIN. Because wildlife mobile and generally consume diverse diets and because environmental contamination is not spatial homogeneous, factors to account for variation in diet, movement, and contaminant distribution have been incorporated into the models. To facilitate the use and application of the models, life history parameters necessary to estimate exposure are summarized for 15 common wildlife species. Finally, to display the application of the models, exposure estimates were calculated for four species using data from a source operable unit on the Oak Ridge Reservation.

  8. State energy data report 1996: Consumption estimates

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1999-02-01

    The State Energy Data Report (SEDR) provides annual time series estimates of State-level energy consumption by major economic sectors. The estimates are developed in the Combined State Energy Data System (CSEDS), which is maintained and operated by the Energy Information Administration (EIA). The goal in maintaining CSEDS is to create historical time series of energy consumption by State that are defined as consistently as possible over time and across sectors. CSEDS exists for two principal reasons: (1) to provide State energy consumption estimates to Members of Congress, Federal and State agencies, and the general public and (2) to provide the historical series necessary for EIA`s energy models. To the degree possible, energy consumption has been assigned to five sectors: residential, commercial, industrial, transportation, and electric utility sectors. Fuels covered are coal, natural gas, petroleum, nuclear electric power, hydroelectric power, biomass, and other, defined as electric power generated from geothermal, wind, photovoltaic, and solar thermal energy. 322 tabs.

  9. Estimating vehicle height using homographic projections

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Cunningham, Mark F; Fabris, Lorenzo; Gee, Timothy F; Ghebretati, Jr., Frezghi H; Goddard, James S; Karnowski, Thomas P; Ziock, Klaus-peter

    2013-07-16

    Multiple homography transformations corresponding to different heights are generated in the field of view. A group of salient points within a common estimated height range is identified in a time series of video images of a moving object. Inter-salient point distances are measured for the group of salient points under the multiple homography transformations corresponding to the different heights. Variations in the inter-salient point distances under the multiple homography transformations are compared. The height of the group of salient points is estimated to be the height corresponding to the homography transformation that minimizes the variations.

  10. Scalable Ensemble Learning and Computationally Efficient Variance Estimation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    LeDell, Erin

    2015-01-01

    Metalearning 5 Computationally Efficient Variance Estimation12] Peter J. Bickel et al. Efficient and adaptive estimationJ. Wainwright. “Communication-Efficient Algorithms for

  11. Energy savings estimates and cost benefit calculations for high...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Energy savings estimates and cost benefit calculations for high performance relocatable classrooms Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Energy savings estimates and cost...

  12. How to Estimate the Value of Service Reliability Improvements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sullivan, Michael J.

    2010-01-01

    to apply outage cost estimates to a smart grid investmentapply these outage cost estimates to a smart grid investmentoutage costs with and without a smart grid investment –

  13. An Analytical Approach for Tail-Pipe Emissions Estimation with...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    An Analytical Approach for Tail-Pipe Emissions Estimation with Coupled Engine and Aftertreatment System An Analytical Approach for Tail-Pipe Emissions Estimation with Coupled...

  14. Methodology for Estimating Reductions of GHG Emissions from Mosaic...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Methodology for Estimating Reductions of GHG Emissions from Mosaic Deforestation Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Methodology for Estimating Reductions of...

  15. Report Now Available: DC Microgrids Scoping Study--Estimate of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Report Now Available: DC Microgrids Scoping Study--Estimate of Technical and Economic Benefits (March 2015) Report Now Available: DC Microgrids Scoping Study--Estimate of Technical...

  16. Parameter and state estimation in nonlinear dynamical systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Creveling, Daniel R.

    2008-01-01

    and J. Kurths. Nonlinear dynamical system identi?ca- tionEstimation In Nonlinear Dynamical Systems A dissertationState Estimation In Nonlinear Dynamical Systems by Daniel R.

  17. Radiological Source Term Estimates for the February 14, 2014...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Radiological Source Term Estimates for the February 14, 2014 WIPP Release Event Radiological Source Term Estimates for the February 14, 2014 WIPP Release Event This document was...

  18. Statistical Surrogate Models for Estimating Probability of High...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Statistical Surrogate Models for Estimating Probability of High-Consequence Climate Change. Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Statistical Surrogate Models for Estimating...

  19. Estimating the Benefits and Costs of Distributed Energy Technologies...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    - Carl Imhoff, PNNL More Documents & Publications Estimating the Benefits and Costs of Distributed Energy Technologies Workshop - Day 1 Presentations Estimating the...

  20. Summary and Presentations from "Estimating the Benefits and Costs...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Summary and Presentations from "Estimating the Benefits and Costs of Distributed Energy Technologies" Workshop Now Available Summary and Presentations from "Estimating the Benefits...

  1. Estimating the Benefits and Costs of Distributed Energy Technologies...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Estimating the Benefits and Costs of Distributed Energy Technologies Workshop - Agenda and Summary Estimating the Benefits and Costs of Distributed Energy Technologies Workshop -...

  2. Estimating Costs and Efficiency of Storage, Demand, and Heat...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Estimating Costs and Efficiency of Storage, Demand, and Heat Pump Water Heaters Estimating Costs and Efficiency of Storage, Demand, and Heat Pump Water Heaters A water heater's...

  3. Estimating Appliance and Home Electronic Energy Use | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    how much electricity your appliances and home electronics use: The Energy Guide Label, which shows the estimated yearly operating cost and estimated yearly electricity use...

  4. Estimating Costs and Efficiency of Storage, Demand, and Heat...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Estimating Costs and Efficiency of Storage, Demand, and Heat Pump Water Heaters Estimating Costs and Efficiency of Storage, Demand, and Heat Pump Water Heaters March 10, 2015 -...

  5. Direct Hydrogen PEMFC Manufacturing Cost Estimation for Automotive...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Direct Hydrogen PEMFC Manufacturing Cost Estimation for Automotive Applications: Fuel Cell Tech Team Review Direct Hydrogen PEMFC Manufacturing Cost Estimation for Automotive...

  6. Multi-rate Estimation of Coloured Noise Models in Graph-Based Estimation Algorithms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nelson, James

    Multi-rate Estimation of Coloured Noise Models in Graph-Based Estimation Algorithms Simon J. Julier. In this paper, we consider how coloured noise models can be efficiently incorporated within graph position, three velocity, three orientation). The GPS noise model introduces an extra six states (second

  7. Empowering Developers to Estimate App Energy Consumption

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shihada, Basem

    are not even aware of the amount of energy their app consumes un- der a typical usage pattern. While they couldEmpowering Developers to Estimate App Energy Consumption Radhika Mittal , Aman Kansal , Ranveer on mobile devices. However, it is difficult for app developers to mea- sure the energy used by their apps

  8. Guidelines for Estimating Unmetered Landscaping Water Use

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McMordie Stoughton, Kate

    2010-07-28

    The document lays-out step by step instructions to estimate landscaping water using two alternative approaches: evapotranspiration method and irrigation audit method. The evapotranspiration method option calculates the amount of water needed to maintain a healthy turf or landscaped area for a given location based on the amount of water transpired and evaporated from the plants. The evapotranspiration method offers a relatively easy “one-stop-shop” for Federal agencies to develop an initial estimate of annual landscape water use. The document presents annual irrigation factors for 36 cities across the U.S. that represents the gallons of irrigation required per square foot for distinct landscape types. By following the steps outlined in the document, the reader can choose a location that is a close match their location and landscape type to provide a rough estimate of annual irrigation needs without the need to research specific data on their site. The second option presented in the document is the irrigation audit method, which is the physical measurement of water applied to landscaped areas through irrigation equipment. Steps to perform an irrigation audit are outlined in the document, which follow the Recommended Audit Guidelines produced by the Irrigation Association.[5] An irrigation audit requires some knowledge on the specific procedures to accurately estimate how much water is being consumed by the irrigation equipment.

  9. BAYESIAN ESTIMATION OF FUEL ECONOMY POTENTIAL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berger, Jim

    BAYESIAN ESTIMATION OF FUEL ECONOMY POTENTIAL DUE TO TECHNOLOGY IMPROVEMENTS by Richard W. Andrews comments. 4 #12; 1. INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background and Overview In 1975 the Energy Policy and Conservation Act average fuel economy (CAFE) standard. This legislation separates each manufacturer's production

  10. Distributed Sensing and Estimation Under Communication Constraints

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mostofi, Yasamin

    . Murray University of New Mexico California Institute of Technology Abstract-- In this paper we consider the impact of imperfect communication links on distributed sensing and estimation in mobile networks. First a wide range of applications such as environmental monitoring, surveillance and security, smart homes

  11. ESTIMATES OF ADDITIONAL ACHIEVABLE ENERGY SAVINGS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    by assumptions related to economic growth, changes in electricity and natural gas rates, and a host of inputs Manager DEMAND ANALYSIS OFFICE Sylvia Bender Deputy Director ELECTRICITY SUPPLY ANALYSIS DIVISION's demand forecast. #12;2 utility level.4 AAEE electricity savings were estimated for the Pacific Gas

  12. PRELIMINARY TIME ESTIMATES FOR CORING OPERATIONS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    PRELIMINARY TIME ESTIMATES FOR CORING OPERATIONS Ocean Drilling Program Texas A&M University portion requires the written consent of the Director, Ocean Drilling Program, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas 77843-3469, as well as appropriate acknowledgment of this source. Technical Note 1

  13. Position and velocity estimation through acceleration measurements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    from inertial sensors inherently causes errors to grow with time, commonly known as integration drift/position estimation based on inertial sensors requires some addi- tional source of information providing navigation systems (INS) aiding sensors are applied. An INS consists of a triad of orthogonal ac

  14. ROBUST ESTIMATION VIA GENERALIZED L-STATISTICS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Serfling, Robert

    CHAPTER 1 ROBUST ESTIMATION VIA GENERALIZED L-STATISTICS: THEORY, APPLICATIONS, AND PERSPECTIVES ROBERT SERFLING University of Texas at Dallas Abstract: Generalized L-statistics, introduced in Ser ing (1984) and including classical U-statistics and L-statistics, are linear functions based on the ordered

  15. PMU Deployment for Optimal State Estimation Performance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roy, Sumit

    PMU Deployment for Optimal State Estimation Performance Yue Yang, Student Member IEEE, and Sumit are anticipated; however, due to the high cost of PMU installation, their deployment will continue to be selective minimal-PMU sets that achieve full observability, affording an additional degree of freedom to select

  16. Adaptive Background Estimation using Intensity Independent Features

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lunds Universitet

    Adaptive Background Estimation using Intensity Independent Features Håkan Ardö, Rikard Berthilsson to rapid changes in lighting conditions. Furthermore, the features can be computed very efficiently using reliable way, also in outdoor scenes where the lighting conditions is changing rapidly due to passing

  17. Estimating the uncertainty in underresolved nonlinear dynamics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chorin, Alelxandre; Hald, Ole

    2013-06-12

    The Mori-Zwanzig formalism of statistical mechanics is used to estimate the uncertainty caused by underresolution in the solution of a nonlinear dynamical system. A general approach is outlined and applied to a simple example. The noise term that describes the uncertainty turns out to be neither Markovian nor Gaussian. It is argued that this is the general situation.

  18. ESTIMATING COMPLEMENTARITY BETWEEN EDUCATION AND TRAINING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    ESTIMATING COMPLEMENTARITY BETWEEN EDUCATION AND TRAINING Christian BELZIL Jørgen HANSEN Nicolai BETWEEN EDUCATION AND TRAINING* Christian BELZIL1 Jørgen HANSEN2 Nicolai KRISTENSEN3 November 2008 Cahier-schooling training that explicitly allows for possible complementarity between initial schooling levels and returns

  19. PARAMETER ESTIMATION IN PETROLEUM AND GROUNDWATER MODELING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ewing, Richard E.

    PARAMETER ESTIMATION IN PETROLEUM AND GROUNDWATER MODELING R.E. Ewing, M.S. Pilant, J.G. Wade on grand challenge problems. In today's petroleum industry, reservoir simulators are routinely used parameters in petroleum and groundwater models. It is not intended to be exhaustive, but rather to give

  20. IMPROVED DENSITY ESTIMATORS FOR INVERTIBLE LINEAR PROCESSES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wefelmeyer, Wolfgang

    IMPROVED DENSITY ESTIMATORS FOR INVERTIBLE LINEAR PROCESSES Anton Schick Department of Mathematical-statistic with kernel of the form K(x) = k(x - ay)k(y) dy. Schick and Wefelmeyer (2004b, 2007a) prove functional central and Schick (2007) obtain similar results for derivatives of convolutions. Schick and Wefelmeyer (2008b

  1. Frequency Offset Estimator with Low Computational Complexity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minn, Hlaing

    decomposition for the derivative of the cost function. The CFO estimate's variance and Cramer-Rao bound (CRB systems [3]­[9], but a relatively new one for MIMO or MIMO OFDM systems [10]­[16]. Numerical calculations operators, respectively. [X]m,n denotes the (m, n)-th entry of a matrix X. [x]m denotes the m-th entry

  2. Filtering and parameter estimation for electricity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fournier, John J.F.

    Filtering and parameter estimation for electricity markets by Alberto Molina-Escobar B to be particularly difficult for electricity, where markets are complex, and ex- hibit a number of unique features, mainly due to the problems involved in storing electricity. In this thesis we propose three models

  3. Research Summary Estimating Woodfuel Resource Cost Curves

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and extraction methods. Background Just under half of the final energy consumed in the UK (49%) is in the formResearch Summary Estimating Woodfuel Resource Cost Curves As a renewable energy source, woodfuel. The woodfuel strategy adopted by Forestry Commission England supports delivery of these. It aims to sustainably

  4. Integrated Pedestrian Classification and Orientation Estimation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gavrila, Dariu M.

    Integrated Pedestrian Classification and Orientation Estimation Markus Enzweiler1 Dariu M. Gavrila2, The Netherlands Abstract This paper presents a novel approach to single-frame pedestrian classification) in a Bayesian fashion. This mixture-of-experts formulation approximates the probability density of pedestrian

  5. SPONTANEOUS AND EXPLICIT ESTIMATION OF TIME DELAYS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    So, Hing-Cheung

    , called the explicit time delay estimator (ETDE), is rst developed to nd the di erential delay of a signal through only one propagation path. Basically, the ETDE is an adaptive FIR lter whose coe cients it can provide direct delay measurements on a sample-by-sample basis. The ETDE performance surface

  6. Schedule Estimation for Web Application Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernando, Lake

    2008-05-16

    The purpose of the project is to come up with a robust methodology for estimating hours for web application systems development. For the scope of the project, a web application system is an application which is accessed via a web browser...

  7. County Level Wind Erosion Estimation Using National

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Fuller (1987), Rao (2003). 11 #12;Model searching for Wind Erosion In NRI, wind erosion WEQCounty Level Wind Erosion Estimation Using National Resources Inventory Survey Taps Maiti. · Approx. 3 points/PSU; 800,000 points in 1997 NRI 4 #12;· Data on Urban land, small water etc

  8. Essays on Estimation of Inflation Equation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Woong

    2009-05-15

    . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 1. Models . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 2. Numerical Analysis for the Theoretical Relationship . 13 3. Numerical Analysis for the Empirical Issues . . . . . . 25 C. Alternative Kurtosis... 3. Detection of Outliers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71 C. Empirical Results . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73 D. Conclusion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81 IV ESTIMATION OF HYBRID PHILLIPS CURVE...

  9. microclim: Global estimates of hourly microclimate based

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Porter, Warren P.

    temperature, wind speed, relative humidity, solar radiation, sky radiation and substrate temperatures from substrates (soil, rock and sand) per pixel. These data are suitable for deriving biophysical estimates of the heat, water and activity budgets of terrestrial organisms. Design Type(s) observation design · data

  10. Estimating Total Energy Consumption and Emissions of China's Commercial and Office Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fridley, David G.

    2008-01-01

    Table 12 Projected Primary Energy Savings between ReferenceEnergy (Primary Energy) .18 Figure 6 Primary Energy Consumption by End-Use in

  11. Mechanism and estimation of fatigue crack initiation in austenitic stainless steels in LWR environments.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chopra, O. K.; Energy Technology

    2002-08-01

    The ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code provides rules for the construction of nuclear power plant components. Figures I-9.1 through I-9.6 of Appendix I to Section III of the Code specify fatigue design curves for structural materials. However, the effects of light water reactor (LWR) coolant environments are not explicitly addressed by the Code design curves. Existing fatigue strain-vs.-life ({var_epsilon}-N) data illustrate potentially significant effects of LWR coolant environments on the fatigue resistance of pressure vessel and piping steels. This report provides an overview of fatigue crack initiation in austenitic stainless steels in LWR coolant environments. The existing fatigue {var_epsilon}-N data have been evaluated to establish the effects of key material, loading, and environmental parameters (such as steel type, strain range, strain rate, temperature, dissolved-oxygen level in water, and flow rate) on the fatigue lives of these steels. Statistical models are presented for estimating the fatigue {var_epsilon}-N curves for austenitic stainless steels as a function of the material, loading, and environmental parameters. Two methods for incorporating environmental effects into the ASME Code fatigue evaluations are presented. The influence of reactor environments on the mechanism of fatigue crack initiation in these steels is also discussed.

  12. Capital requirements for the transportation of energy materials: 1979 arc estimates

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1980-08-29

    Summaries of transportation investment requirements through 1990 are given for the low, medium and high scenarios. Total investment requirements for the three modes and the three energy commodities can accumulate to a $46.3 to $47.0 billion range depending on the scenario. The high price of oil, following the evidence of the last year, is projected to hold demand for oil below the recent past. Despite the overall decrease in traffic some investment in crude oil and LPG pipelines is necessary to reach new sources of supply. Although natural gas production and consumption is projected to decline through 1990, new investments in carrying capacity also are required due to locational shifts in supply. The Alaska Natural Gas Transportation System is the dominant investment for energy transportation in the next ten years. This year's report focuses attention on waterborne coal transportation to the northeast states in keeping with a return to significant coal consumption projected for this area. A resumption of such shipments will require a completely new fleet. The investment estimates given in this report identify capital required to transport projected energy supplies to market. The requirement is strategic in the sense that other reasonable alternatives do not exist or that a shared load of new growth can be expected. Not analyzed or forecasted are investments in transportation facilities made in response to local conditions. The total investment figures, therefore, represent a minimum necessary capital improvement to respond to changes in interregional supply conditions.

  13. Seismic Fragility Analysis and Loss Estimation for Concrete Structures 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bai, Jong Wha

    2012-02-14

    seismic vulnerability of concrete structures and effective in quantifying the uncertainties in the loss estimation process....

  14. Probability Grid: A Location Estimation Scheme for Wireless Sensor Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stankovic, John A.

    estimation, grid topology, probability. I. INTRODUCTION Recent advances in micro-electro-mechanical systems

  15. Estimating the error distribution function in semiparametric regression

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mueller, Uschi

    Schick, Wolfgang Wefelmeyer Abstract We prove a stochastic expansion for a residual-based estimator linear smoother, i.i.d. representation, Donsker class, effi- ciency. #12;2 M¨uller - Schick - Wefelmeyer estimators of ; see e.g. Schick (1996). Given such an estimator ^ of , we estimate by a local linear smoother

  16. A multivariate phase distribution and its estimation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Charles F. Cadieu; Kilian Koepsell

    2009-06-21

    Circular variables such as phase or orientation have received considerable attention throughout the scientific and engineering communities and have recently been quite prominent in the field of neuroscience. While many analytic techniques have used phase as an effective representation, there has been little work on techniques that capture the joint statistics of multiple phase variables. In this paper we introduce a distribution that captures empirically observed pair-wise phase relationships. Importantly, we have developed a computationally efficient and accurate technique for estimating the parameters of this distribution from data. We show that the algorithm performs well in high-dimensions (d=100), and in cases with limited data (as few as 100 samples per dimension). We also demonstrate how this technique can be applied to electrocorticography (ECoG) recordings to investigate the coupling of brain areas during different behavioral states. This distribution and estimation technique can be broadly applied to any setting that produces multiple circular variables.

  17. Bayesian parameter estimation for effective field theories

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wesolowski, S; Furnstahl, R J; Phillips, D R; Thapaliya, A

    2015-01-01

    We present procedures based on Bayesian statistics for effective field theory (EFT) parameter estimation from data. The extraction of low-energy constants (LECs) is guided by theoretical expectations that supplement such information in a quantifiable way through the specification of Bayesian priors. A prior for natural-sized LECs reduces the possibility of overfitting, and leads to a consistent accounting of different sources of uncertainty. A set of diagnostic tools are developed that analyze the fit and ensure that the priors do not bias the EFT parameter estimation. The procedures are illustrated using representative model problems and the extraction of LECs for the nucleon mass expansion in SU(2) chiral perturbation theory from synthetic lattice data.

  18. On the empirical statistics of parameter estimates in parametric modeling 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhu, Yao

    1988-01-01

    Chair of Advisory Committee: Dr. Shiping Li This thesis is a document of studying empirical statistics of the parameter estimates in parametric modeling. After reviewing some common estimation methods, some simulation results on the empirical..., a new estimation method is proposed to improve the accuracy of the estimates for ARMA models. In chapter four, a new estimation method is proposed for exponential models. This method first utilizes singular value decomposition of the signal...

  19. State energy data report 1992: Consumption estimates

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-05-01

    This is a report of energy consumption by state for the years 1960 to 1992. The report contains summaries of energy consumption for the US and by state, consumption by source, comparisons to other energy use reports, consumption by energy use sector, and describes the estimation methodologies used in the preparation of the report. Some years are not listed specifically although they are included in the summary of data.

  20. 2006 Geological Society of America. For permission to copy, contact Copyright Permissions, GSA, or editing@geosociety.org. Geology; June 2006; v. 34; no. 6; p. 477480; doi: 10.1130/G22319.1; 6 figures. 477

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    2006 Geological Society of America. For permission to copy, contact Copyright Permissions, GSA, or editing@geosociety.org. Geology; June 2006; v. 34; no. 6; p. 477­480; doi: 10.1130/G22319.1; 6 figures´ Montpellier 2, 34095 Montpellier Cedex 05, France, and Geological Survey of Iran, P.O. Box 13185 1494, Tehran

  1. Figure 1: Basin specific histograms for alternative tilting angle. Histograms of 2 tilting angle for subbasins A, B and C. For subbasin A the average angle is 26 with

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Caflisch, Amedeo

    : Structure, Function, and Bioinformatics June 4, 2012 #12;Figure S1: Cut-based free energy profiles for apo of holo PDZ3 consists of a single free energy basin. The lack of barriers for holo PDZ3 hinders the optimization of RC. For apo PDZ3, the cut-based free energy profile projected onto the optimized RC is shown

  2. Zevenhoven & Kilpinen CROSS EFFECTS, TOTAL SYSTEM LAY-OUT 13.6.2001 10-1 Figure 10.1 Typical pulverised coal combustion and gas clean-up system: dry scrubber +

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zevenhoven, Ron

    pulverised coal combustion and gas clean-up system: dry scrubber + baghouse filter for SO2 and particulate the emissions regulations depend on process type and plant size. Some compounds such as alkali or chlorine may For a conventional pulverised coal-fired power plant a set-up is shown in Figure 10.1, with a gas clean-up system

  3. Supplementary Figure S1. Light-associated motor responses of worms expressing (b)opsin in neurons. a, Vigorously crawling TG animals pre-incubated with 10 M 9-cis-retinal and expressing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Palczewski, Krzysztof

    Supplementary Figure S1. Light-associated motor responses of worms expressing (b)opsin in neurons)opsin in neurons were exposed to blue light (488 ± 20 nm) for 1 s at indicated intensities and their motor responses to light were recorded and scored. Data represent three independent experiments with 3- 10 worms

  4. Appendix 1. RFLP patterns and locations of ITS region from Daphnia dentifera (d), Daphnia galeata mendotae (gm), Daphnia galeata galeata (g) and their hybrids. The RFLP pattern designators are the same as in Figure 4. Locations are listed alphabetically.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taylor, Derek

    mendotae (gm), Daphnia galeata galeata (g) and their hybrids. The RFLP pattern designators are the same as in Figure 4. Locations are listed alphabetically. Location Taxon C1 (d) C1+C2 (dxgm) C2 (gm) B+C2 (ggxgm) B (gg) rare Political region Latitude Longitude Alder Pond GM 1 1 Alaska 60.806983 -148

  5. Microsoft Word - figure_03.doc

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Oil and Gas Reserves"; PointLogic Energy; Ventyx; and the Bureau of Safety and Environmental Enforcement, and predecessor agencies. IN OH TN WV VA KY MD PA NY VT NH MA CT ME...

  6. Microsoft Word - figure_14.doc

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963Residential2, 2014 MEMORANDUMProvedFeet) YearNatural GasA2

  7. Microsoft Word - figure_16.doc

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963Residential2, 2014 MEMORANDUMProvedFeet) YearNatural GasA22 4 6 8

  8. Microsoft Word - figure_18.doc

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963Residential2, 2014 MEMORANDUMProvedFeet) YearNatural GasA22 4 6 86

  9. Microsoft Word - figure_19.doc

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963Residential2, 2014 MEMORANDUMProvedFeet) YearNatural GasA22 4 6

  10. Microsoft Word - figure_20.doc

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963Residential2, 2014 MEMORANDUMProvedFeet) YearNatural GasA22 4 64 0

  11. Microsoft Word - figure_21.doc

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963Residential2, 2014 MEMORANDUMProvedFeet) YearNatural GasA22 4 64

  12. Microsoft Word - figure_22.doc

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963Residential2, 2014 MEMORANDUMProvedFeet) YearNatural GasA22 4 648

  13. Microsoft Word - figure_23.doc

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963Residential2, 2014 MEMORANDUMProvedFeet) YearNatural GasA22 4 6489

  14. Microsoft Word - figure_24.doc

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963Residential2, 2014 MEMORANDUMProvedFeet) YearNatural GasA22 4

  15. Microsoft Word - figure_25.doc

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963Residential2, 2014 MEMORANDUMProvedFeet) YearNatural GasA22 41

  16. Microsoft Word - figure_99.doc

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963Residential2, 2014 MEMORANDUMProvedFeet) YearNatural GasA22 417

  17. Cancer Facts & Figures - 2010

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal GasAdministration Medal01 Sandia4) AugustA. Geographic Available for saleCHAPTER i

  18. EIS_Summary_TextandFigures

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:FinancingPetroleum Based|DepartmentStatement |toDepartment ofDepartment of2:Kenedy,N V I R O N M E

  19. Figure2b.eps

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would likeUniverse (Journal Article) | SciTechSubmittedEcologist forInformation 9

  20. Microsoft Word - Figure_01.doc

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming Dry NaturalPrices1Markets See(STEO) Highlights1 M E R OU.S.29

  1. Microsoft Word - Figure_02.doc

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming Dry NaturalPrices1Markets See(STEO) Highlights1 M E R OU.S.296 0 .0

  2. Microsoft Word - Figure_05.doc

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming Dry NaturalPrices1Markets See(STEO) Highlights1 M E R OU.S.296 0

  3. Microsoft Word - Figure_06.doc

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming Dry NaturalPrices1Markets See(STEO) Highlights1 M E R OU.S.296 090 0

  4. Microsoft Word - figure_03.doc

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming Dry Natural GasNatural GasEIARegional energyEIA-782A and1Instructions0

  5. Estimation of iron-55 volumetric contamination via surrogates produced during Z-machine operations 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Flores-McLaughlin, John

    2009-05-15

    to the National Science Foundation Bridge to the Doctorate program which provided the primary funding and scholarly discussions towards this academic pursuit. vi NOMENCLATURE MDA Minimum Detectable Activity Fe Iron Cr Chromium Co Cobalt............................................................................................................................. 34 viii LIST OF FIGURES FIGURE Page 1 Cr-50 (n, ?) Cr-51 and Fe-54 (n, ?) Fe-55 probability vs. incident neutron...

  6. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 2003, 80, 2336. With 2 figures 2003 The Linnean Society of London, Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 2003, 80, 2336 23

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mayhew, Peter

    Article HEXAPOD DIVERSIFICATION P. J. MAYHEW Correspondence. E-mail: pjm19@york.ac.uk A tale of two analyses: estimating the consequences of shifts in hexapod diversification PETER J. MAYHEW Department diversification rates across nodes. I apply the method to data on the extant hexapod orders. The results indicate

  7. Position estimation of transceivers in communication networks

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kent, Claudia A. (Pleasanton, CA); Dowla, Farid (Castro Valley, CA)

    2008-06-03

    This invention provides a system and method using wireless communication interfaces coupled with statistical processing of time-of-flight data to locate by position estimation unknown wireless receivers. Such an invention can be applied in sensor network applications, such as environmental monitoring of water in the soil or chemicals in the air where the position of the network nodes is deemed critical. Moreover, the present invention can be arranged to operate in areas where a Global Positioning System (GPS) is not available, such as inside buildings, caves, and tunnels.

  8. Estimated United States Transportation Energy Use 2005

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Smith, C A; Simon, A J; Belles, R D

    2011-11-09

    A flow chart depicting energy flow in the transportation sector of the United States economy in 2005 has been constructed from publicly available data and estimates of national energy use patterns. Approximately 31,000 trillion British Thermal Units (trBTUs) of energy were used throughout the United States in transportation activities. Vehicles used in these activities include automobiles, motorcycles, trucks, buses, airplanes, rail, and ships. The transportation sector is powered primarily by petroleum-derived fuels (gasoline, diesel and jet fuel). Biomass-derived fuels, electricity and natural gas-derived fuels are also used. The flow patterns represent a comprehensive systems view of energy used within the transportation sector.

  9. ORISE: Radiation Dose Estimates and Other Compendia

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformationJesseworkSURVEY UNIVERSEHow ORISE is Making aDose Estimates and Other Compendia

  10. Improving parameter estimation and water table depth simulation in a land surface model using GRACE water storage and estimated base flow data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lo, Min-Hui; Famiglietti, James S; Yeh, P. J.-F.; Syed, T. H

    2010-01-01

    Calibration Using GRACE Data and Base Flow Estimates [ 17 ]ESTIMATION USING GRACE DATA base flow data. In this casemeasured GRACE data and estimated base flow simultaneously

  11. Risk Estimation Methodology for Launch Accidents.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Clayton, Daniel James; Lipinski, Ronald J.; Bechtel, Ryan D.

    2014-02-01

    As compact and light weight power sources with reliable, long lives, Radioisotope Power Systems (RPSs) have made space missions to explore the solar system possible. Due to the hazardous material that can be released during a launch accident, the potential health risk of an accident must be quantified, so that appropriate launch approval decisions can be made. One part of the risk estimation involves modeling the response of the RPS to potential accident environments. Due to the complexity of modeling the full RPS response deterministically on dynamic variables, the evaluation is performed in a stochastic manner with a Monte Carlo simulation. The potential consequences can be determined by modeling the transport of the hazardous material in the environment and in human biological pathways. The consequence analysis results are summed and weighted by appropriate likelihood values to give a collection of probabilistic results for the estimation of the potential health risk. This information is used to guide RPS designs, spacecraft designs, mission architecture, or launch procedures to potentially reduce the risk, as well as to inform decision makers of the potential health risks resulting from the use of RPSs for space missions.

  12. Estimates of Savings Achievable from Irrigation Controller

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Williams, Alison; Fuchs, Heidi; Whitehead, Camilla Dunham

    2014-03-28

    This paper performs a literature review and meta-analysis of water savings from several types of advanced irrigation controllers: rain sensors (RS), weather-based irrigation controllers (WBIC), and soil moisture sensors (SMS).The purpose of this work is to derive average water savings per controller type, based to the extent possible on all available data. After a preliminary data scrubbing, we utilized a series of analytical filters to develop our best estimate of average savings. We applied filters to remove data that might bias the sample such as data self-reported by manufacturers, data resulting from studies focusing on high-water users, or data presented in a non-comparable format such as based on total household water use instead of outdoor water use. Because the resulting number of studies was too small to be statistically significant when broken down by controller type, this paper represents a survey and synthesis of available data rather than a definitive statement regarding whether the estimated water savings are representative.

  13. Estimating Wireless Network Properties with Spatial Statistics and Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Estimating Wireless Network Properties with Spatial Statistics and Models Janne Riihij statistics and models for different estimation problems related to wireless networks. We focus specifically wireless networks. We provide a concise survey of existing techniques from the spatial statistics

  14. Microsoft PowerPoint - 15.1615_Cost Estimating Panel

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Cost Estimate (ICE) - Same Basis as Project Cost Estimate (PCE) Sa e as s as ojec Cos s a e ( C ) - Reconcilable with PCE to Facilitate Validation * Independent Cost Review...

  15. Evaporation Duct Estimation from Clutter Using Meteorological Statistics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gerstoft, Peter

    Evaporation Duct Estimation from Clutter Using Meteorological Statistics Caglar Yardim*, Peter under duct- ing conditions. Electromagnetic ducts result in non-standard electromagnetic prop- agation addresses how to incorporate meteo- rological statistics into evaporative duct estimation within a Bayesian

  16. A Methodology for Estimating Interdomain Web Traffic Demand

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maggs, Bruce M.

    A Methodology for Estimating Interdomain Web Traffic Demand Anja Feldmann , Nils Kammenhuber-varying) interdomain HTTP traffic demand matrix pairing several hundred thousand blocks of client IP addresses, Traffic demand, Interdomain, Es- timation 1. INTRODUCTION The reliable estimation and prediction

  17. Development of the Potential Energy Savings Estimation (PESE) Toolkit 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, J.; Baltazar, J. C.; Claridge, D. E.

    2010-01-01

    This study has developed a prototype computer tool called the Potential Energy Savings Estimation (PESE) Toolkit. Baltazar’s methodology for potential energy savings estimation from EBCx/retrofit measures has been improved ...

  18. Estimation of the ion toroidal rotation source due to momentum...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Estimation of the ion toroidal rotation source due to momentum transfer from Lower Hybrid waves in Alcator C-Mod Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Estimation of the ion...

  19. Asymptotics for the maximum likelihood estimators of diffusion models 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jeong, Minsoo

    2009-05-15

    In this paper I derive the asymptotics of the exact, Euler, and Milstein ML estimators for diffusion models, including general nonstationary diffusions. Though there have been many estimators for the diffusion model, their asymptotic properties were...

  20. New DOE Modeling Tool Estimates Economic Benefits of Offshore...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Modeling Tool Estimates Economic Benefits of Offshore Wind Plants New DOE Modeling Tool Estimates Economic Benefits of Offshore Wind Plants October 1, 2013 - 3:28pm Addthis To help...

  1. New DOE Report Estimates LED Savings in Common Lighting Applications...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    New DOE Report Estimates LED Savings in Common Lighting Applications New DOE Report Estimates LED Savings in Common Lighting Applications July 24, 2015 - 11:00am Addthis The U.S....

  2. Cost and production estimation for a cutter suction dredge 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miertschin, Michael Wayne

    1997-01-01

    The need for accurate cost estimates is well recognized in the dredging industry. In order for a dredging contractor to efficiently execute a project from its conception to its completion, an accurate estimate of the final cost is imperative...

  3. Estimating Suppression of Eddy Mixing by Mean Flows

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Klocker, Andreas

    Particle- and tracer-based estimates of lateral diffusivities are used to estimate the suppression of eddy mixing across strong currents. Particles and tracers are advected using a velocity field derived from sea surface ...

  4. A Comparative Study of Estimation Models for Satellite Relative Motion 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Desai, Uri

    2013-01-31

    The problem of relative spacecraft motion estimation is considered with application to various reference and relative orbits. Mean circular and elliptic orbits are analyzed, with relative orbits ranging in size from 1 km to 10 km. Estimators...

  5. New DOE Modeling Tool Estimates Economic Benefits of Offshore...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    New DOE Modeling Tool Estimates Economic Benefits of Offshore Wind Plants New DOE Modeling Tool Estimates Economic Benefits of Offshore Wind Plants October 1, 2013 - 3:28pm Addthis...

  6. Adaptive Distributed Parameter and Input Estimation in Plasma Tokamak Heat

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    . Keywords: Thermonuclear fusion, distributed parameter systems, input state and parameter estimation, adaptive infinite-dimensional estimation, Galerkin method 1. INTRODUCTION In a controlled thermonuclear fusion reactor, the plasma thermal diffusivity and heating energy play an important role

  7. Experimental Investigation of Helicopter Weight and Mass Center Estimation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taylor, Bradley Whitten

    2013-04-09

    Real-time estimates of weight and mass center location for helicopters are desirable for flight control and condition-based maintenance purposes. While methods to estimate mass parameters of helicopters have been developed, they often assume near...

  8. Improving earthquake source spectrum estimation using multitaper techniques

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Prieto, Germán A.

    2007-01-01

    65 Uncertainties in earthquake source spectrum estimation1. Earthquake physics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1. Static and dynamic earthquake parameters 2. Scaling of

  9. Estimating the Economic Cost of Sea-Level Rise

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sugiyama, Masahiro.

    To improve the estimate of economic costs of future sea-level rise associated with global climate change,

  10. Interconnect Delay and Area Estimation for Multiple-Pin Nets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pan, David Z.

    ,000,000 second = 3 years ! #12;Needs for Efficient Interconnect Estimation Models nn EfficiencyEfficiency nn

  11. Statewide Estimate of 2012 Safety Belt Use in Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Statewide Estimate of 2012 Safety Belt Use in Texas All Passenger Vehicles Passenger Cars Pickups Front Seat--Estimated Safety Belt Use 94.04 94.88 91.71 Driver--Estimated Safety Belt Use 94.66 95.56 92.10 Passenger--Estimated Safety Belt Use 91.05 91.74 82.11 #12;2012 Safety Belt Use in 18 Texas Cities #12

  12. Working Paper No. 789 ESTIMATING COKE AND PEPSI'S PRICE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karp, Larry S.

    Working Paper No. 789 ESTIMATING COKE AND PEPSI'S PRICE AND ADVERTISING STRATEGIES (formerly Estimating Firms'Mixed Price and Advertising Strategies: Coke and Pepsi) by Amos Golan, Larry S. Karp. #12;Estimating Coke and Pepsi's Price and Advertising Strategies Amos Golan* Larry S. Karp** Jeffrey M

  13. A Tool for Estimating Software Testing Requirements James M. Bieman

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bieman, James M.

    A Tool for Estimating Software Testing Requirements James M. Bieman Department of Computer Science 10, 1990 Abstract We describe a prototype software tool that estimates the number of test cases to evaluate proposed testing techniques, estimate the resources required to test a software system

  14. Distributed Node Selection for Sequential Estimation over Noisy Communication Channels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jayaweera, Sudharman K.

    Wimalajeewa and Sudharman K. Jayaweera Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering University of New Mexico corrupted estimator from the previous node. Since all nodes in the network may not carry useful information estimation problem, the required parameter is to be estimated based on noise corrupted observations at local

  15. TOPICS IN PROBABILISTIC LOCATION ESTIMATION IN WIRELESS NETWORKS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Myllymäki, Petri

    TOPICS IN PROBABILISTIC LOCATION ESTIMATION IN WIRELESS NETWORKS Petri Kontkanen, Petri Myllym;TOPICS IN PROBABILISTIC LOCATION ESTIMATION IN WIRELESS NETWORKS Petri Kontkanen, Petri Myllym¨aki, Teemu, Spain, IEEE Press, 2004. TOPICS IN PROBABILISTIC LOCATION ESTIMATION IN WIRELESS NETWORKS Petri

  16. Optimal Estimation from Relative Measurements: Error Scaling (Extended Abstract)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hespanha, João Pedro

    "relative" measurement between xu and xv is available: uv = xu - xv + u,v Rk , (u, v) E V × V, (1) whereOptimal Estimation from Relative Measurements: Error Scaling (Extended Abstract) Prabir Barooah Jo~ao P. Hespanha I. ESTIMATION FROM RELATIVE MEASUREMENTS We consider the problem of estimating a number

  17. Risk Analytics for Estimating and Validating Magnitude of Earthquake Losses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rau-Chaplin, Andrew

    Risk Analytics for Estimating and Validating Magnitude of Earthquake Losses A. Astoul, C. Filliter-time estimation and visualisation of insured losses incurred due to earthquakes is presented. The system incorporates a model for estimating losses due to earthquakes in near real-time and a geo

  18. Remote estimation of carbon dioxide uptake by a Mediterranean forest

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garbulsky, Martín

    Remote estimation of carbon dioxide uptake by a Mediterranean forest M A R T I´ N F. G A R B U L Science and Environment, University of Tuscia, 01100 Viterbo, Italy Abstract The estimation of the carbon of the ecology of global change. Current remote sensing methodologies for estimating gross primary productivity

  19. Transmission Strategies for Correlated MIMO Links with Imperfect Channel Estimates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yener, Aylin

    Transmission Strategies for Correlated MIMO Links with Imperfect Channel Estimates Semih Serbetli for channel estimation versus data transmission. The optimum power allocation problem between the training sequences for channel estimation and data transmission for the correlated MIMO link is shown to have

  20. On estimating avalanche danger from simulated snow profiles Sascha Bellaire

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jamieson, Bruce

    On estimating avalanche danger from simulated snow profiles Sascha Bellaire 1,2 , Bruce Jamieson 1 and Geophysics, University of Innsbruck, Tyrol, Austria ABSTRACT: Estimating avalanche danger is the primary goal of avalanche warning services. Typically avalanche danger is estimated based on a variety of information

  1. Achieving Real-time Mode Estimation through Offline Compilation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Achieving Real-time Mode Estimation through Offline Compilation by John M. Van Eepoel B, Committee on Graduate Students #12;Achieving Real-time Mode Estimation through Offline Compilation2 This page intentionally left blank. #12;Achieving Real-time Mode Estimation through Offline Compilation 3

  2. Hybrid Systems State estimation for hybrid systems: applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tomlin, Claire

    Hybrid Systems State estimation for hybrid systems: applications to aircraft tracking I. Hwang, H of a stochastic linear hybrid system, given only the continuous system output data, is studied. Well established techniques for hybrid estimation, known as the multiple model adaptive estimation algorithm

  3. NISTIR 6045 Method for Estimating the Energy Efficiency Ratio of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oak Ridge National Laboratory

    NISTIR 6045 Method for Estimating the Energy Efficiency Ratio of Mixed System Air Conditioners and Technology #12;NISTIR 6045 Method for Estimating the Energy Efficiency Ratio of Mixed System Air Conditioners combination, an empirically based calculation procedure may be used for estimating a unit's Energy Efficiency

  4. Filament Estimation and Uncertainty Measures Yen-Chi Chen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Filament Estimation and Uncertainty Measures Yen-Chi Chen Larry Wasserman Christopher Genovese Mellon University April 21, 2014 1 / 39 #12;Outline Introduction to Filaments Filament Estimation Uncertainty Measures Future Work 2 / 39 #12;Introduction Outline Introduction to Filaments Filament Estimation

  5. Estimators in step regression models Ursula U. Muller

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wefelmeyer, Wolfgang

    Estimators in step regression models Ursula U. M¨uller Texas A&M University Anton Schick Binghamton function but smooth; see Schick and Wefelmeyer (2012) and (2013). Here the regression function has jumps. Then the corresponding convolution estimator can have the rate n-1/2 of an empirical estimator; see again Schick

  6. Estimated Costs of Crop Production in Iowa 2000

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duffy, Michael D.

    Estimated Costs of Crop Production in Iowa ­ 2000 The estimated costs of corn, corn silage. They include the annual Iowa Farm Business Association record summaries, production and costs data from and a survey of selected agriculture cooperatives around the state. These costs estimates are representative

  7. Estimated Costs for Production, Storage and Transportation of Switchgrass

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duffy, Michael D.

    Estimated Costs for Production, Storage and Transportation of Switchgrass File A1-22 February 2008 updates earlier production cost estimates for switchgrass. The earlier estimations were com- pleted University (ISU) Extension publication Costs of Producing Switchgrass for Biomass in South- ern Iowa, PM 1866

  8. Estimated Costs of Crop Production in Iowa 2001

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duffy, Michael D.

    Estimated Costs of Crop Production in Iowa ­ 2001 The estimated costs of corn, corn silage. They include the annual Iowa Farm Business Association record summaries, production and costs data from and a survey of selected agriculture cooperatives around the state. These costs estimates are representative

  9. Fuzzy Estimation of DC Motor Winding Currents Innovatia Software

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simon, Dan

    Fuzzy Estimation of DC Motor Winding Currents Dan Simon Innovatia Software 775 Rothrock Circle °ux is rotated in the desired direction of ofuzzy ¯ltering to motor winding current estimation stator windings. an attractive alternative to current estimation using In order to implement an e

  10. A SENSOR AND DATA FUSION ALGORITHM FOR ROAD GRADE ESTIMATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johansson, Karl Henrik

    A SENSOR AND DATA FUSION ALGORITHM FOR ROAD GRADE ESTIMATION Per Sahlholm Henrik Jansson Ermin presents a road grade estimation algorithm for fusion of GPS and vehicle real-time sensor data, with measurements from previous runs over the same road segment. The resulting road grade estimate is thus enhanced

  11. Seismic Velocity Estimation from Time Migration Maria Kourkina Cameron

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cameron, Maria Kourkina

    Seismic Velocity Estimation from Time Migration by Maria Kourkina Cameron Diplom (Moscow Institute Dung-Hai Lee Spring 2007 #12;Seismic Velocity Estimation from Time Migration Copyright c 2007 by Maria Kourkina Cameron #12;Abstract Seismic Velocity Estimation from Time Migration by Maria Kourkina Cameron

  12. Estimating uncertainty of inference for validation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Booker, Jane M [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Langenbrunner, James R [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Hemez, Francois M [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Ross, Timothy J [UNM

    2010-09-30

    We present a validation process based upon the concept that validation is an inference-making activity. This has always been true, but the association has not been as important before as it is now. Previously, theory had been confirmed by more data, and predictions were possible based on data. The process today is to infer from theory to code and from code to prediction, making the role of prediction somewhat automatic, and a machine function. Validation is defined as determining the degree to which a model and code is an accurate representation of experimental test data. Imbedded in validation is the intention to use the computer code to predict. To predict is to accept the conclusion that an observable final state will manifest; therefore, prediction is an inference whose goodness relies on the validity of the code. Quantifying the uncertainty of a prediction amounts to quantifying the uncertainty of validation, and this involves the characterization of uncertainties inherent in theory/models/codes and the corresponding data. An introduction to inference making and its associated uncertainty is provided as a foundation for the validation problem. A mathematical construction for estimating the uncertainty in the validation inference is then presented, including a possibility distribution constructed to represent the inference uncertainty for validation under uncertainty. The estimation of inference uncertainty for validation is illustrated using data and calculations from Inertial Confinement Fusion (ICF). The ICF measurements of neutron yield and ion temperature were obtained for direct-drive inertial fusion capsules at the Omega laser facility. The glass capsules, containing the fusion gas, were systematically selected with the intent of establishing a reproducible baseline of high-yield 10{sup 13}-10{sup 14} neutron output. The deuterium-tritium ratio in these experiments was varied to study its influence upon yield. This paper on validation inference is the first in a series of inference uncertainty estimations. While the methods demonstrated are primarily statistical, these do not preclude the use of nonprobabilistic methods for uncertainty characterization. The methods presented permit accurate determinations for validation and eventual prediction. It is a goal that these methods establish a standard against which best practice may evolve for determining degree of validation.

  13. Development of a right-of-way cost estimation and cost estimate management process framework for highway projects 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lucas, Matthew Allen

    2009-05-15

    was made from the onset of the research to relate the ROW cost estimating and cost estimate management process to the first four project development phases (planning, programming. preliminary design, and final design). There are five flowcharts produced...

  14. Genetic algorithm and M-estimator based robust sequential estimation of parameters of nonlinear sinusoidal signals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kundu, Debasis

    ­11]), in biomedical signal processing ([12,13]), modeling of biological systems ([14,15]), radio location of distant problem in digital signal processing. In this paper, we consider the problem of estimation of parameters are present in a variety of signal processing applications and time series data analysis. The review work

  15. Parameter estimation, nonlinearity and Occam's razor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leandro M. Alonso

    2014-10-30

    Nonlinear systems are capable of displaying complex behavior even if this is the result of a small number of interacting time scales. A widely studied case is when complex dynamics emerges out of a nonlinear system being forced by a simple harmonic function. In order to identify if a recorded time series is the result of a nonlinear system responding to a simpler forcing, we develop a discrete nonlinear transformation for time series based on synchronization techniques. This allows a parameter estimation procedure which simultaneously searches for a good fit of the recorded data, and small complexity of a fluctuating driving parameter. We illustrate this procedure using data from respiratory patterns during birdsong production.

  16. Chapter 17: Estimating Net Savings: Common Practices

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Violette, D. M.; Rathbun, P.

    2014-09-01

    This chapter focuses on the methods used to estimate net energy savings in evaluation, measurement, and verification (EM&V) studies for energy efficiency (EE) programs. The chapter provides a definition of net savings, which remains an unsettled topic both within the EE evaluation community and across the broader public policy evaluation community, particularly in the context of attribution of savings to particular program. The chapter differs from the measure-specific Uniform Methods Project (UMP) chapters in both its approach and work product. Unlike other UMP resources that provide recommended protocols for determining gross energy savings, this chapter describes and compares the current industry practices for determining net energy savings, but does not prescribe particular methods.

  17. ZABULIS et al.: 3D HEAD POSE ESTIMATION FROM MULTIPLE DISTANT VIEWS 1 3D head pose estimation from multiple

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zabulis, Xenophon

    imaging, despite the low-resolution appearance of subjects. 1 Introduction 3D head pose estimation. In such situations, a human head is imaged in relatively low resolution, illumination artifacts are frequentZABULIS et al.: 3D HEAD POSE ESTIMATION FROM MULTIPLE DISTANT VIEWS 1 3D head pose estimation from

  18. KvAP1ORQ MthK3LDC Kv12R9R Supplementary Figure S1: Detailed view of TPenA docked into the 3 bestfit

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tucker, Stephen J.

    bestfit homology models of TREK1. In green are shown residues in the TREK1 model which come within 4Å predicted to form part of the TPenA binding site are shown in green. Only when the alkyl tail of the QA of K2P channel block shown in Figure 1. Piechotta et al. Supplementary Information C2 TEA C4 TButA C5

  19. Record figure of merit values of highly stoichiometric Sb2Te3 porous bulk synthesized from tailor-made molecular precursors in ionic liquids

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Heimann, Stefan; Schulz, Stephan; Schaumann, Julian; Mudring, Anja; Stötzel, Julia; Maculewicz, Franziska; Schierning, Gabi

    2015-08-06

    We report on the synthesis of Sb2Te3 nanoparticles with record-high figure of merit values of up to 1.5. The central thermoelectric parameters, electrical conductivity, thermal conductivity and Seebeck coefficient, were independently optimized. Critical influence of porosity for the fabrication of highly efficient thermoelectric materials is firstly demonstrated, giving a strong guidance for the optimization of other thermoelectric materials.

  20. Residential Lighting End-Use Consumption Study: Estimation Framework and Initial Estimates

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gifford, Will R.; Goldberg, Miriam L.; Tanimoto, Paulo M.; Celnicker, Dane R.; Poplawski, Michael E.

    2012-12-01

    The U.S. DOE Residential Lighting End-Use Consumption Study is an initiative of the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE’s) Solid-State Lighting Program that aims to improve the understanding of lighting energy usage in residential dwellings. The study has developed a regional estimation framework within a national sample design that allows for the estimation of lamp usage and energy consumption 1) nationally and by region of the United States, 2) by certain household characteristics, 3) by location within the home, 4) by certain lamp characteristics, and 5) by certain categorical cross-classifications (e.g., by dwelling type AND lamp type or fixture type AND control type).

  1. IDC RP2 & 3 US Industry Standard Cost Estimate Summary.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Harris, James M.; Huelskamp, Robert M.

    2015-01-01

    Sandia National Laboratories has prepared a ROM cost estimate for budgetary planning for the IDC Reengineering Phase 2 & 3 effort, using a commercial software cost estimation tool calibrated to US industry performance parameters. This is not a cost estimate for Sandia to perform the project. This report provides the ROM cost estimate and describes the methodology, assumptions, and cost model details used to create the ROM cost estimate. ROM Cost Estimate Disclaimer Contained herein is a Rough Order of Magnitude (ROM) cost estimate that has been provided to enable initial planning for this proposed project. This ROM cost estimate is submitted to facilitate informal discussions in relation to this project and is NOT intended to commit Sandia National Laboratories (Sandia) or its resources. Furthermore, as a Federally Funded Research and Development Center (FFRDC), Sandia must be compliant with the Anti-Deficiency Act and operate on a full-cost recovery basis. Therefore, while Sandia, in conjunction with the Sponsor, will use best judgment to execute work and to address the highest risks and most important issues in order to effectively manage within cost constraints, this ROM estimate and any subsequent approved cost estimates are on a 'full-cost recovery' basis. Thus, work can neither commence nor continue unless adequate funding has been accepted and certified by DOE.

  2. Fast cosmological parameter estimation using neural networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    T. Auld; M. Bridges; M. P. Hobson; S. F. Gull

    2007-09-17

    We present a method for accelerating the calculation of CMB power spectra, matter power spectra and likelihood functions for use in cosmological parameter estimation. The algorithm, called CosmoNet, is based on training a multilayer perceptron neural network and shares all the advantages of the recently released Pico algorithm of Fendt & Wandelt, but has several additional benefits in terms of simplicity, computational speed, memory requirements and ease of training. We demonstrate the capabilities of CosmoNet by computing CMB power spectra over a box in the parameter space of flat \\Lambda CDM models containing the 3\\sigma WMAP1 confidence region. We also use CosmoNet to compute the WMAP3 likelihood for flat \\Lambda CDM models and show that marginalised posteriors on parameters derived are very similar to those obtained using CAMB and the WMAP3 code. We find that the average error in the power spectra is typically 2-3% of cosmic variance, and that CosmoNet is \\sim 7 \\times 10^4 faster than CAMB (for flat models) and \\sim 6 \\times 10^6 times faster than the official WMAP3 likelihood code. CosmoNet and an interface to CosmoMC are publically available at www.mrao.cam.ac.uk/software/cosmonet.

  3. Estimation of uncertain parameters to improve modeling of Mirobially Induced Calcite Precipitation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cirpka, Olaf Arie

    in the subsurface or fracking could be reduced with sealing technologies like microbially induced calcite Injectionwellvicinity Fracking CO2 Reservoir Figure 1: Potential application sites of MICP as a sealing technology

  4. Uniform Estimates and Convexity in Capillary Surfaces Hans-Christoph Grunau

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grunau, Hans-Christoph

    principles allow for a number of interesting results on geometric, qualitative and quantitative properties of the second author's diploma thesis [13] written under the guidance of the first author. 1 #12;u Figure 1

  5. ANUDISflM-37 SMART BRIDGE: A TOOL FOR ESTIMATING THE MILITARY...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    5 Typical Span Data Form 1 7 tringer Support: ldbl I ----? i Lateral Bracing . - - * Hi T Rail . , ' Material: 1 - 4 FIGURE 6 Typical Generic Span Diagram parameter and whether...

  6. Of fishes and birthdays: Efficient estimation of polymer configurational entropies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nemenman, Ilya; Strauss, Charlie E

    2015-01-01

    We present an algorithm to estimate the configurational entropy $S$ of a polymer. The algorithm uses the statistics of coincidences among random samples of configurations and is related to the catch-tag-release method for estimation of population sizes, and to the classic "birthday paradox". Bias in the entropy estimation is decreased by grouping configurations in nearly equiprobable partitions based on their energies, and estimating entropies separately within each partition. Whereas most entropy estimation algorithms require $N\\sim 2^{S}$ samples to achieve small bias, our approach typically needs only $N\\sim \\sqrt{2^{S}}$. Thus the algorithm can be applied to estimate protein free energies with increased accuracy and decreased computational cost.

  7. Evaluation of mutual information estimators on nonlinear dynamic systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Papana; D. Kugiumtzis

    2008-09-12

    Mutual information is a nonlinear measure used in time series analysis in order to measure the linear and non-linear correlations at any lag $\\tau$. The aim of this study is to evaluate some of the most commonly used mutual information estimators, i.e. estimators based on histograms (with fixed or adaptive bin size), $k$-nearest neighbors and kernels. We assess the accuracy of the estimators by Monte-Carlo simulations on time series from nonlinear dynamical systems of varying complexity. As the true mutual information is generally unknown, we investigate the existence and rate of consistency of the estimators (convergence to a stable value with the increase of time series length), and the degree of deviation among the estimators. The results show that the $k$-nearest neighbor estimator is the most stable and less affected by the method-specific parameter.

  8. Energy savings estimates and cost benefit calculations for high performance relocatable classrooms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rainer, Leo I.; Hoeschele, Marc A.; Apte, Michael G.; Shendell, Derek G.; Fisk, William J.

    2003-01-01

    Energy Savings Estimates and Cost Benefit Calculations forEnergy Savings Estimates and Cost Benefit Calculations forEnergy Savings Estimates and Cost Benefit Calculations for

  9. Nonparametric estimation of econometric models with categorical variables 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ouyang, Desheng

    2006-10-30

    shows that regression model with only discrete vari- ables differs significantly from the mixed discrete and continuous variables case. In the mixed variable case with at least one relevant continuous regressor, the irrele- vant variables can be smoothed... CV-based estimator has a high probability of smoothing out the irrele- vant variable, hence it leads to a more efficient (in finite samples) estimation result than the frequency estimator. It is interesting to observe that our nonparametric CV...

  10. Using Photogrammetry to Estimate Tank Waste Volumes from Video

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Field, Jim G. [Washington River Protection Solutions, LLC, Richland, WA (United States)

    2013-03-27

    Washington River Protection Solutions (WRPS) contracted with HiLine Engineering & Fabrication, Inc. to assess the accuracy of photogrammetry tools as compared to video Camera/CAD Modeling System (CCMS) estimates. This test report documents the results of using photogrammetry to estimate the volume of waste in tank 241-C-I04 from post-retrieval videos and results using photogrammetry to estimate the volume of waste piles in the CCMS test video.

  11. Estimation of beef tenderness with the Armour Tenderometer 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Culp, Gary Ray

    1974-01-01

    ESTIMATION OF BEEF TENDERNESS NITH THE ARMOUR TENDEROMETER A Thesis by GARY RAY CULP Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas AEM University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1974 Major... Subject: Meat Science ESTIMATION OF BEEF TENDERNESS WITH THE ARMOUR TENDEROMETER A Thesis by Gary Ray Culp Approved as to style and content by: Co- a rman o-ch n ea o Department Mem er May 1974 ABSTRACT Estimation of Beef Tenderness...

  12. Quantum enhanced estimation of a multi-dimensional field

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tillmann Baumgratz; Animesh Datta

    2015-07-10

    We present a framework for the quantum enhanced estimation of multiple parameters corresponding to non-commuting unitary generators. Our formalism provides a recipe for the simultaneous estimation of all three components of a magnetic field. We propose a probe state that surpasses the precision of estimating the three components individually and discuss measurements that come close to attaining the quantum limit. Our study also reveals that too much quantum entanglement may be detrimental to attaining the Heisenberg scaling in quantum metrology.

  13. Battery Calendar Life Estimator Manual Modeling and Simulation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jon P. Christophersen; Ira Bloom; Ed Thomas; Vince Battaglia

    2012-10-01

    The Battery Life Estimator (BLE) Manual has been prepared to assist developers in their efforts to estimate the calendar life of advanced batteries for automotive applications. Testing requirements and procedures are defined by the various manuals previously published under the United States Advanced Battery Consortium (USABC). The purpose of this manual is to describe and standardize a method for estimating calendar life based on statistical models and degradation data acquired from typical USABC battery testing.

  14. Statewide Estimate of 2011 Safety Belt Use in Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Statewide Estimate of 2011 Safety Belt Use in Texas All Passenger Vehicles Passenger Cars Pickups Front Seat--Estimated Safety Belt Use Standard Error Lower 95% confidence limit Upper 95% confidence limit 93.68 2.31 89.15 98.21 94.67 2.28 90.20 99.14 90.81 2.33 86.24 95.38 Driver--Estimated Safety Belt

  15. Stochastic Wireless Channel Modeling, Estimation and Identification from Measurements

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Olama, Mohammed M [ORNL; Djouadi, Seddik M [ORNL; Li, Yanyan [ORNL

    2008-07-01

    This paper is concerned with stochastic modeling of wireless fading channels, parameter estimation, and system identification from measurement data. Wireless channels are represented by stochastic state-space form, whose parameters and state variables are estimated using the expectation maximization algorithm and Kalman filtering, respectively. The latter are carried out solely from received signal measurements. These algorithms estimate the channel inphase and quadrature components and identify the channel parameters recursively. The proposed algorithm is tested using measurement data, and the results are presented.

  16. Estimating atmospheric parameters and reducing noise for multispectral imaging

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Conger, James Lynn

    2014-02-25

    A method and system for estimating atmospheric radiance and transmittance. An atmospheric estimation system is divided into a first phase and a second phase. The first phase inputs an observed multispectral image and an initial estimate of the atmospheric radiance and transmittance for each spectral band and calculates the atmospheric radiance and transmittance for each spectral band, which can be used to generate a "corrected" multispectral image that is an estimate of the surface multispectral image. The second phase inputs the observed multispectral image and the surface multispectral image that was generated by the first phase and removes noise from the surface multispectral image by smoothing out change in average deviations of temperatures.

  17. A Simple, Fast Method of Estimating Fractured Reservoir Geometry...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Fractured Reservoir Geometry from Tracer Tests Abstract A simple method of estimating flow geometry and pore geometry from conservative tracer tests in single phase geothermal...

  18. Estimating Costs and Efficiency of Storage, Demand, and Heat...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Costs and Efficiency of Storage, Demand, and Heat Pump Water Heaters Estimating Costs and Efficiency of Storage, Demand, and Heat Pump Water Heaters A water heater's energy...

  19. Visual Vibrometry: Estimating Material Properties from Small Motions in Video

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davis, Myers Abraham

    The estimation of material properties is important for scene understanding, with many applications in vision, robotics, and structural engineering. This paper connects fundamentals of vibration mechanics with computer ...

  20. Estimation of Gas Leak Rates Through Very Small Orifices

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Estimation of Gas Leak Rates Through Very Small Orifices and Channels by Herbert J. Bomelburg February 1977 Prepared for the Nuclear Regulatory Commission -..- Pacific Northwest...

  1. Modeling, Estimation, and Control of Waste Heat Recovery Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Luong, David

    2013-01-01

    State Estimation for Open Organic Rankine Cycle (ORC)138optimization of an organic Rankine cycle waste heat powerand Simulation of an Organic Rankine Cycle (ORC) System for

  2. Geothermal Reservoir Temperatures Estimated from the Oxygen Isotope...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Geothermal Reservoir Temperatures Estimated from the Oxygen Isotope Compositions of Dissolved Sulfate and Water from Hot Springs and Shallow Drillholes Jump to: navigation, search...

  3. Geothermal reservoir temperatures estimated from the oxygen isotope...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Geothermal reservoir temperatures estimated from the oxygen isotope compositions of dissolved sulfate and water from hot springs and shallow drillholes Jump to: navigation, search...

  4. Real Time Estimation of Ship Motions Using Kalman Filtering Techniques

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Triantafyllou, Michael S.

    1983-01-01

    The estimation of the heave, pitch, roll, sway, and yaw motions of a DD-963 destroyer is studied, using Kalman filtering

  5. Quality Guidline for Cost Estimation Methodology for NETL Assessments...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and Benefits 2 Power Plant Cost Estimation Methodology Quality Guidelines for Energy System Studies April 2011 Disclaimer This report was prepared as an account of work...

  6. Reliable estimation of biochemical parameters from C3 leafphotosynthe...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Reliable estimation of biochemical parameters from C3 leaf photosynthesis-intercellular carbon dioxide response curves Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Reliable...

  7. Evaluation of Thermal Evolution Profiles and Estimation of Kinetic...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Evaluation of Thermal Evolution Profiles and Estimation of Kinetic Parameters for Pyrolysis of CoalCorn Stover Blends Using Thermogravimetric Analysis Citation Details...

  8. Glass Property Models and Constraints for Estimating the Glass...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    increases in waste loading in HLW and LAW glasses are possible over current system planning estimates. The data (although limited in some cases) were evaluated to determine a...

  9. A Sensitivity Analysis of a Thin Film Conductivity Estimation...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Conference: A Sensitivity Analysis of a Thin Film Conductivity Estimation Method Citation Details In-Document Search Title: A Sensitivity Analysis of a Thin Film Conductivity...

  10. Brush Busters: How to Estimate Costs for Controlling Pricklypear 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ueckert, Darrell; McGinty, Allan

    1999-04-15

    Simple directions help you determine the density of pricklypear on your land, and then estimate the cost of controlling these plants with the pad or stem spray method.

  11. Estimating the Benefits and Costs of Distributed Energy Technologies...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Benefits and Costs of Distributed Energy Technologies Workshop - Agenda and Summary Estimating the Benefits and Costs of Distributed Energy Technologies Workshop - Agenda and...

  12. Estimating the Benefits and Costs of Distributed Energy Technologies...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    1 Presentations Estimating the Benefits and Costs of Distributed Energy Technologies Workshop - Day 1 Presentations On September 30 and October 1, 2014, the Department of Energy...

  13. ,"New Mexico Dry Natural Gas Reserves Estimated Production (Billion...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","New Mexico Dry Natural Gas Reserves Estimated Production (Billion Cubic Feet)",1,"Annual",2013...

  14. Estimating energy-augmenting technological change in developing country industries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sanstad, Alan H.; Roy, Joyashree; Sathaye, Jayant A.

    2006-01-01

    Productivity trends in India's energy-intensive industries,estimates. However, in India, the energy trend is negativefor several energy-intensive industries in India and South

  15. Derivative-free optimization for parameter estimation in computational...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Derivative-free optimization for parameter estimation in computational nuclear physics Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Derivative-free optimization for parameter...

  16. ,"Texas Dry Natural Gas Reserves Estimated Production (Billion...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    ,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Texas Dry Natural Gas Reserves Estimated Production (Billion Cubic Feet)",1,"Annual",2013...

  17. Estimating Pedestrian Accident Exposure: Automated Pedestrian Counting Devices Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bu, Fanping; Greene-Roesel, Ryan; Diogenes, Mara Chagas; Ragland, David R

    2007-01-01

    pp. 283-291. Estimating Pedestrian Accident Exposure: Draftand J. Thiran. Counting Pedestrians in Video Sequences UsingPartnership (CLP) Automatic Pedestrian Counting Trial. Stage

  18. Estimating the Value of Electricity Storage Resources in Electricity...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Value of Electricity Storage Resources in Electricity Markets - EAC 2011 Estimating the Value of Electricity Storage Resources in Electricity Markets - EAC 2011 The purpose of this...

  19. Estimating Appliance and Home Electronic Energy Use | Department...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and electronic energy use calculator allows you to estimate your annual energy use and cost to operate specific products. The wattage values provided are samples only; actual...

  20. Estimation and Analysis of Life Cycle Costs of Baseline Enhanced...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Estimation and Analysis of Life Cycle Costs of Baseline Enhanced Geothermal Systems Geothermal Project Jump to: navigation, search Last modified on July 22, 2011. Project Title...

  1. Reconciling estimates of the contemporary North American carbon...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    of carbon stocks and flux, and the uncertainties inherent in each approach. The alternative approaches to estimating continental scale carbon fluxes that we explored here can...

  2. Matrix Methods for Estimating the Coherence Functions from Estimates of the Cross-Spectral Density Matrix

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Smallwood, D.O.

    1996-01-01

    It is shown that the usual method for estimating the coherence functions (ordinary, partial, and multiple) for a general multiple-input! multiple-output problem can be expressed as a modified form of Cholesky decomposition of the cross-spectral density matrix of the input and output records. The results can be equivalently obtained using singular value decomposition (SVD) of the cross-spectral density matrix. Using SVD suggests a new form of fractional coherence. The formulation as a SVD problem also suggests a way to order the inputs when a natural physical order of the inputs is absent.

  3. Distributed Dynamic State Estimator, Generator Parameter Estimation and Stability Monitoring Demonstration

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Meliopoulos, Sakis; Cokkinides, George; Fardanesh, Bruce; Hedrington, Clinton

    2013-12-31

    This is the final report for this project that was performed in the period: October1, 2009 to June 30, 2013. In this project, a fully distributed high-fidelity dynamic state estimator (DSE) that continuously tracks the real time dynamic model of a wide area system with update rates better than 60 times per second is achieved. The proposed technology is based on GPS-synchronized measurements but also utilizes data from all available Intelligent Electronic Devices in the system (numerical relays, digital fault recorders, digital meters, etc.). The distributed state estimator provides the real time model of the system not only the voltage phasors. The proposed system provides the infrastructure for a variety of applications and two very important applications (a) a high fidelity generating unit parameters estimation and (b) an energy function based transient stability monitoring of a wide area electric power system with predictive capability. Also the dynamic distributed state estimation results are stored (the storage scheme includes data and coincidental model) enabling an automatic reconstruction and “play back” of a system wide disturbance. This approach enables complete play back capability with fidelity equal to that of real time with the advantage of “playing back” at a user selected speed. The proposed technologies were developed and tested in the lab during the first 18 months of the project and then demonstrated on two actual systems, the USVI Water and Power Administration system and the New York Power Authority’s Blenheim-Gilboa pumped hydro plant in the last 18 months of the project. The four main thrusts of this project, mentioned above, are extremely important to the industry. The DSE with the achieved update rates (more than 60 times per second) provides a superior solution to the “grid visibility” question. The generator parameter identification method fills an important and practical need of the industry. The “energy function” based transient stability monitoring opens up new ways to protect the power grid, better manage disturbances, confine their impact and in general improve the reliability and security of the system. Finally, as a by-product of the proposed research project, the developed system is able to “play back” disturbances by a click of a mouse. The importance of this by-product is evident by considering the tremendous effort exerted after the August 2003 blackout to piece together all the disturbance recordings, align them and recreate the sequence of events. This project has moved the state of art from fault recording by individual devices to system wide disturbance recording with “play back” capability.

  4. Parameter estimation with Sandage-Loeb test

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jia-Jia Geng; Jing-Fei Zhang; Xin Zhang

    2014-11-28

    The Sandage-Loeb (SL) test directly measures the expansion rate of the universe in the redshift range of $2\\lesssim z\\lesssim 5$ by detecting redshift drift in the spectra of Lyman-$\\alpha$ forest of distant quasars. We discuss the impact of the future SL test data on parameter estimation for the $\\Lambda$CDM, the $w$CDM, and the $w_0w_a$CDM models. To avoid the potential inconsistency with other observational data, we take the best-fitting dark energy model constrained by the current observations as the fiducial model to produce 30 mock SL test data. The SL test data provide an important supplement to the other dark energy probes, since they are extremely helpful in breaking the existing parameter degeneracies. We show that the strong degeneracy between $\\Omega_m$ and $H_0$ in all the three dark energy models is well broken by the SL test. Compared to the current combined data of type Ia supernovae, baryon acoustic oscillation, cosmic microwave background, and Hubble constant, the 30-yr observation of SL test could improve the constraints on $\\Omega_m$ and $H_0$ by more than 60\\% for all the three models. But the SL test can only moderately improve the constraint on the equation of state of dark energy. We show that a 30-yr observation of SL test could help improve the constraint on constant $w$ by about 25\\%, and improve the constraints on $w_0$ and $w_a$ by about 20\\% and 15\\%, respectively. We also quantify the constraining power of the SL test in the future high-precision joint geometric constraints on dark energy. The mock future supernova and baryon acoustic oscillation data are simulated based on the space-based project JDEM. We find that the 30-yr observation of SL test would help improve the measurement precision of $\\Omega_m$, $H_0$, and $w_a$ by more than 70\\%, 20\\%, and 60\\%, respectively, for the $w_0w_a$CDM model.

  5. Parameter estimation with Sandage-Loeb test

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Geng, Jia-Jia; Zhang, Jing-Fei; Zhang, Xin E-mail: jfzhang@mail.neu.edu.cn

    2014-12-01

    The Sandage-Loeb (SL) test directly measures the expansion rate of the universe in the redshift range of 2 ?< z ?< 5 by detecting redshift drift in the spectra of Lyman-? forest of distant quasars. We discuss the impact of the future SL test data on parameter estimation for the ?CDM, the wCDM, and the w{sub 0}w{sub a}CDM models. To avoid the potential inconsistency with other observational data, we take the best-fitting dark energy model constrained by the current observations as the fiducial model to produce 30 mock SL test data. The SL test data provide an important supplement to the other dark energy probes, since they are extremely helpful in breaking the existing parameter degeneracies. We show that the strong degeneracy between ?{sub m} and H{sub 0} in all the three dark energy models is well broken by the SL test. Compared to the current combined data of type Ia supernovae, baryon acoustic oscillation, cosmic microwave background, and Hubble constant, the 30-yr observation of SL test could improve the constraints on ?{sub m} and H{sub 0} by more than 60% for all the three models. But the SL test can only moderately improve the constraint on the equation of state of dark energy. We show that a 30-yr observation of SL test could help improve the constraint on constant w by about 25%, and improve the constraints on w{sub 0} and w{sub a} by about 20% and 15%, respectively. We also quantify the constraining power of the SL test in the future high-precision joint geometric constraints on dark energy. The mock future supernova and baryon acoustic oscillation data are simulated based on the space-based project JDEM. We find that the 30-yr observation of SL test would help improve the measurement precision of ?{sub m}, H{sub 0}, and w{sub a} by more than 70%, 20%, and 60%, respectively, for the w{sub 0}w{sub a}CDM model.

  6. Second order accurate variance estimation in poststratified two-stage sampling 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Kyong Ryun

    2007-09-17

    We proposed new variance estimators for the poststratified estimator of the population total in two-stage sampling. The linearization or Taylor series variance estimator and the jackknife linearization variance estimator ...

  7. Multi-area power system state estimation utilizing boundary measurements and phasor measurement units ( PMUs) 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Freeman, Matthew A

    2006-10-30

    estimation is explained for a simple serial estimator. Then the thesis shows how conventional measurements and newer, more accurate PMU measurements work within the framework of weighted least squares estimation. Next, the multi-area state estimator...

  8. Real Time Head Pose Estimation from Consumer Depth Cameras

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wolberg, George

    for estimating location and orientation of a person's head, from depth data acquired by a low quality device. OurReal Time Head Pose Estimation from Consumer Depth Cameras Gabriele Fanelli1 , Thibaut Weise2 and the variance of the head position and orientation. We evaluate three different approaches to jointly take

  9. Local Harmonic Estimation in Musical Sound Rafael A. IRIZARRY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Irizarry, Rafael A.

    Local Harmonic Estimation in Musical Sound Signals Rafael A. IRIZARRY Statistical modeling so a local harmonic model that tracks changes in pitch and in the amplitudes of the harmonics is fit estimates of the harmonic signal and of the noise signal. Different musical composition applications may

  10. MMSE Noise Power and SNR Estimation for OFDM Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arslan, Hüseyin

    MMSE Noise Power and SNR Estimation for OFDM Systems Tevfik Y¨ucek and H¨useyin Arslan Department-- This paper proposes a minimum mean-square error (MMSE) filtering technique to estimate the noise power that takes into account the variation of the noise statistics across the orthogonal frequency division

  11. Clutter-Based Evaporation Duct Estimation Performance Using Meteorological Statistics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gerstoft, Peter

    Clutter-Based Evaporation Duct Estimation Performance Using Meteorological Statistics Caglar Yardim in different regions of the world with varying duct strengths and statistics. The performance of evaporation duct estimation is investigated in littoral zones such as the North Sea, Wallops Island, Coast

  12. NEAR SURFACE WATER CONTENT ESTIMATION USING GPR DATA: INVESTIGATIONS WITHIN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rubin, Yoram

    NEAR SURFACE WATER CONTENT ESTIMATION USING GPR DATA: INVESTIGATIONS WITHIN CALIFORNIA VINEYARDS S (sshubbard@lbl.gov) Detailed estimates of water content are necessary for variety of hydrogeological inves to obtain sufficient information about the spatial variation of water content within the root zone using

  13. STATISTICAL METHODS FOR1 ESTIMATING HISTORICAL FIRE2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reed, W.J.

    STATISTICAL METHODS FOR1 ESTIMATING HISTORICAL FIRE2 FREQUENCY FROM MULTIPLE FIRE3 SCAR DATA.4 of fire-interval charts8 based on fire-scar data. Estimation of the fire interval (expected time9 between scar-registering fires at any location) by maximum likelihood10 is presented. Because of the fact

  14. A Heat Kernel based Cortical Thickness Estimation Algorithm

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Yalin

    thickness, Heat Kernel, Tetrahedral Mesh, Streamline, False Discovery Rate 1 Introduction AlzheimerA Heat Kernel based Cortical Thickness Estimation Algorithm Gang Wang1,2 , Xiaofeng Zhang1.R.China Abstract. Cortical thickness estimation in magnetic resonance imag- ing (MRI) is an important technique

  15. Ridge Regression Estimation for Survey Samples Mingue Park

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Min

    Ridge Regression Estimation for Survey Samples Mingue Park and Min Yang Korea University and University of Missouri Abstract A procedure for constructing a vector of regression weights is considered. Under the re- gression superpopulation model, the ridge regression estimator that has minimum model mean

  16. Probability Density Function Estimation Using Orthogonal Forward Regression

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Sheng

    Probability Density Function Estimation Using Orthogonal Forward Regression S. Chen, X. Hong and C estimation is formulated as a regression problem and the orthogonal forward regression tech- nique is adopted procedure. Two examples are used to demonstrate the ability of this regression- based approach

  17. Conditional Regression Forests for Human Pose Estimation Pushmeet Kohli

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kohli, Pushmeet

    Conditional Regression Forests for Human Pose Estimation Min Sun Pushmeet Kohli Jamie Shotton estimation from depth images. The conditional regression model proposed in the paper is general and can body joint prediction as a regression problem which avoids intermediate body part classification

  18. Ridge Regression Estimation Approach to Measurement Error Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shalabh

    Ridge Regression Estimation Approach to Measurement Error Model A.K.Md. Ehsanes Saleh Carleton of the regression parameters is ill conditioned. We consider the Hoerl and Kennard type (1970) ridge regression (RR) modifications of the five quasi- empirical Bayes estimators of the regression parameters of a measurement error

  19. ESTIMATION OF WOODY BIOMASS AVAILABILITY FOR ENERGY IN TEXAS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Estimation of Woody Biomass Availability for Energy in Texas. College Station, TX: Texas Forest Service. 96 pESTIMATION OF WOODY BIOMASS AVAILABILITY FOR ENERGY IN TEXAS Prepared for Todd Staples Commissioner of Sustainable Forestry Division of Forest Resource Development & Sustainable Forestry Texas Forest Service

  20. Bolstered Error Estimation Ulisses Braga-Neto a,c

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Braga-Neto, Ulisses

    the bolstered error estimators proposed in this paper, as part of a larger library for classification and error of the data. It has a direct geometric interpretation and can be easily applied to any classification rule as smoothed error estimation. In some important cases, such as a linear classification rule with a Gaussian

  1. Remote GPP estimation in maize Proceedings of 10th

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gitelson, Anatoly

    , as well as on the release of carbon dioxide (CO2) due to the decomposition of organic matter. FieldRemote GPP estimation in maize Proceedings of 10th Int. Conference on Precision Agriculture, July 18-21, 2010, Denver, Colorado, USA www.icpaonline.org 1 REMOTE ESTIMATION OF GROSS PRIMARY PRODUCTION

  2. Concurrent signal combining and channel estimation in digital communications

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Ormesher, Richard C. (Albuquerque, NM); Mason, John J. (Albuquerque, NM)

    2011-08-30

    In the reception of digital information transmitted on a communication channel, a characteristic exhibited by the communication channel during transmission of the digital information is estimated based on a communication signal that represents the digital information and has been received via the communication channel. Concurrently with the estimating, the communication signal is used to decide what digital information was transmitted.

  3. EPA 402-R-93-076 ESTIMATING RADIOGENIC CANCER RISKS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    comparing health risk estimates due to low level exposures of low-LET radiation based on models recently This document presents a revised methodology for EPA's estimation of cancer risks due to low-LET radiation. With the exception of breast cancer, low-LET radiogenic cancer risks are assumed to be reduced by a dose and dose

  4. Cost estimating issues in the Russian integrated system planning context

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Allentuck, J.

    1996-03-01

    An important factor in the credibility of an optimal capacity expansion plan is the accuracy of cost estimates given the uncertainty of future economic conditions. This paper examines the problems associated with estimating investment and operating costs in the Russian nuclear power context over the period 1994 to 2010.

  5. Estimation of Wind Speed in Connection to a Wind Turbine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Estimation of Wind Speed in Connection to a Wind Turbine X. Ma #3; , N. K. Poulsen #3; , H. Bindner y December 20, 1995 Abstract The wind speed varies over the rotor plane of wind turbine making the wind speed on the rotor plane will be estimated by using a wind turbine as a wind measuring device

  6. AIAA-2001-0044 Extreme Load Estimation for Wind Turbines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    AIAA-2001-0044 Extreme Load Estimation for Wind Turbines: Issues and Opportunities for Improved design load estimation procedures for wind turbines often do not accurately treat the statistical nature of loads. Current practice for wind turbine load analysis is reviewed. The authors

  7. Guaranteed state estimation by zonotopes for systems with interval uncertainties

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Damm, Werner

    . Stoica T. Alamo E.F. Camacho D. Dumur This talk focuses on guaranteed state estimation by zonotopes [1 example. References [1] T. Alamo, J.M. Bravo, and E.F. Camacho. Guaranteed state estimation by zonotopes. Automatica, 41:1035­1043, 2005. [2] V.T.H. Le, T. Alamo, E.F. Camacho, C. Stoica, and D. Dumur. A new

  8. Updated Capital Cost Estimates for Utility Scale Electricity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    that will serve future demand for electricity. These parameters also help to determine how new capacity competesUpdated Capital Cost Estimates for Utility Scale Electricity Generating Plants April 2013 Information Administration | Updated Capital Cost Estimates for Utility Scale Electricity Generating Plants ii

  9. DAMAGE ESTIMATION USING MULTI-OBJECTIVE GENETIC ALGORITHMS Faisal Shabbir

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    DAMAGE ESTIMATION USING MULTI-OBJECTIVE GENETIC ALGORITHMS Faisal Shabbir 1 , Piotr Omenzetter 2 1.omenzetter@abdn.ac.uk ABSTRACT It is common to estimate structural damage severity by updating a structural model against experimental responses at different damage states. When experimental results from the healthy and damaged

  10. Statistical estimation of multiple faults in aircraft gas turbine engines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ray, Asok

    415 Statistical estimation of multiple faults in aircraft gas turbine engines S Sarkar, C Rao of multiple faults in aircraft gas-turbine engines, based on a statistical pattern recognition tool called commercial aircraft engine. Keywords: aircraft propulsion, gas turbine engines, multiple fault estimation

  11. The ARM Best Estimate 2-dimensional Gridded Surface

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Xie,Shaocheng; Qi, Tang

    2015-06-15

    The ARM Best Estimate 2-dimensional Gridded Surface (ARMBE2DGRID) data set merges together key surface measurements at the Southern Great Plains (SGP) sites and interpolates the data to a regular 2D grid to facilitate data application. Data from the original site locations can be found in the ARM Best Estimate Station-based Surface (ARMBESTNS) data set.

  12. The ARM Best Estimate 2-dimensional Gridded Surface

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Xie,Shaocheng; Qi, Tang

    The ARM Best Estimate 2-dimensional Gridded Surface (ARMBE2DGRID) data set merges together key surface measurements at the Southern Great Plains (SGP) sites and interpolates the data to a regular 2D grid to facilitate data application. Data from the original site locations can be found in the ARM Best Estimate Station-based Surface (ARMBESTNS) data set.

  13. 2006 EAAM Photogrammetric Estimates of Size and Mass in Hawaiian

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    © 2006 EAAM Photogrammetric Estimates of Size and Mass in Hawaiian Monk Seals (Monachus-invasive photographic technique was devel- oped to estimate the body mass of Hawaiian monk seals (Monachus schauinslandi-kg weaned pups. Key Words: Hawaiian monk seals, Monachus schauinslandi, photogrammetry, morphometric

  14. INNOVATIVE CONCEPTS FOR ON-LINE SYNCHRONOUS GENERATOR PARAMETER ESTIMATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    INNOVATIVE CONCEPTS FOR ON-LINE SYNCHRONOUS GENERATOR PARAMETER ESTIMATION by Elias Kyriakides FOR ON-LINE SYNCHRONOUS GENERATOR PARAMETER ESTIMATION by Elias Kyriakides has been approved December ABSTRACT A method to identify synchronous generator parameters from on-line measurements is presented

  15. Synchronous Machine Parameter Estimation Using Orthogonal Series Expansion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Synchronous Machine Parameter Estimation Using Orthogonal Series Expansion J. Rico G. T. Heydt A an alternative to estimate armature circuit parameters of large utility generators using real time operating data of digital fault recorder data to identify synchronous machine parameters. 1. INTRODUCTION The use orthogonal

  16. A Multivariate Approach to Estimate Complexity of FMRI Time Series

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A Multivariate Approach to Estimate Complexity of FMRI Time Series Henry Sch¨utze1,2 , Thomas (MPSE), a multivariate entropy ap- proach that estimates spatio-temporal complexity of fMRI time series. In a temporally sliding window, MPSE measures the differential entropy of an assumed multivariate Gaussian density

  17. Multivariate Selection Response and Estimation of Fitness Surfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walsh, Bruce

    Multivariate Selection Response and Estimation of Fitness Surfaces 2nd Annual NSF short course: multivariate selection response (response when selection is acting on a vector of traits) and fitness surface traits. Multivariate Selection Response and Estimation of Fitness Surfaces, pg. 1 #12;* + Select All X Y

  18. HIGH PRECISION FREQUENCY ESTIMATION FOR HARPSICHORD TUNING CLASSIFICATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dixon, Simon

    HIGH PRECISION FREQUENCY ESTIMATION FOR HARPSICHORD TUNING CLASSIFICATION Dan Tidhar, Matthias of conservative transcription, and show that existing high-precision pitch estimation techniques are sufficient that "sound good" together) is de- rived from the sharing of partial frequencies. As musical instruments

  19. Optimal Training Signals for MIMO OFDM Channel Estimation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minn, Hlaing

    Optimal Training Signals for MIMO OFDM Channel Estimation Hlaing Minn*, Member, IEEE and Naofal Al.minn@utdallas.edu, aldhahir@utdallas.edu Abstract--This paper presents general classes of optimal train- ing signals transform are used to derive the optimal training signals which minimize the channel estimation mean square

  20. Research article Estimating the proportion of offspring attributable

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Avise, John

    Research article Estimating the proportion of offspring attributable to candidate adults ANTHONY C. Ecol. 9, 515­528; 2000b, Mol. Ecol. 9, 529­539) published a method (Pat) that estimates the proportion is consistent with a large proportion of the genotyped offspring, or if marker polymorphism is high. In addition