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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "methyl esters biodiesel" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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1

Determination of Total Biodiesel Fatty Acid Methyl, Ethyl Esters, and Hydrocarbon Types in Diesel Fuels by Supercritical Fluid Chromatography-Flame Ionization Detection  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Determination of Total Biodiesel Fatty Acid Methyl...vortex mixer. This process produced solutions ranging...D5186 indicated that the biodiesel esters were not eluted...0%. For further evaluation, the quantitative analysis...determination of the biodiesel ester components by......

John W. Diehl; Frank P. DiSanzo

2

Determination of Total Biodiesel Fatty Acid Methyl, Ethyl Esters, and Hydrocarbon Types in Diesel Fuels by Supercritical Fluid Chromatography-Flame Ionization Detection  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Research and Engineering, Paulsboro...determining total biodiesel methyl and...in diesel fuels by supercritical...mixture. Introduction The proposed use of biodiesel esters derived...as diesel fuel blending...of Total Biodiesel Fatty Acid...in Diesel Fuels by Supercritical...Research and Engineering, Paulsboro......

John W. Diehl; Frank P. DiSanzo

3

Engine performance and emissions from the combustion of low-temperature Fischerâ??Tropsch synthetic diesel fuel and biodiesel rapeseed methyl ester blends  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The combustion of oxygenated biodiesel (rapeseed methyl ester (RME)) improves the engine-out particulate matter, hydrocarbon and carbon monoxide (CO) emissions, while the low-temperature Fischerâ??Tropsch synthetic paraffinic diesel fuel improves engine-out NOx, CO, hydrocarbon and particulate matter emissions. Blending synthetic diesel (SD) fuel with oxygenated biodiesel could unlock potential performance synergies in the fuel properties (e.g. O2 content in RME and high cetane number of the synthetic fuels) of such blends and benefit engine performance and emissions. The combustion of synthetic diesel fuel/RME blend, named synthetic diesel B50, has shown similar combustion characteristics to diesel fuel, while simultaneous improvements in engine efficiency and smoke-NOx trade-off were achieved by taking advantage of the fuel's properties. The engine thermal efficiency was dependent on the fuel type, and followed the general trend: synthetic diesel > SDB50 > diesel > RME. Therefore, it has been shown that the design of a synthetic fuel with properties similar to the fuel blends presented in this work could improve engine-out NOx, smoke and hydrocarbon emissions and maintain or improve engine performance.

Kampanart Theinnoi; Athanasios Tsolakis; Sathaporn Chuepeng; Andrew P.E. York; Roger F. Cracknell; Richard H. Clark

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

Detailed Chemical Kinetic Reaction Mechanism for Biodiesel Components Methyl Stearate and Methyl Oleate  

SciTech Connect

New chemical kinetic reaction mechanisms are developed for two of the five major components of biodiesel fuel, methyl stearate and methyl oleate. The mechanisms are produced using existing reaction classes and rules for reaction rates, with additional reaction classes to describe other reactions unique to methyl ester species. Mechanism capabilities were examined by computing fuel/air autoignition delay times and comparing the results with more conventional hydrocarbon fuels for which experimental results are available. Additional comparisons were carried out with measured results taken from jet-stirred reactor experiments for rapeseed methyl ester fuels. In both sets of computational tests, methyl oleate was found to be slightly less reactive than methyl stearate, and an explanation of this observation is made showing that the double bond in methyl oleate inhibits certain low temperature chain branching reaction pathways important in methyl stearate. The resulting detailed chemical kinetic reaction mechanism includes more approximately 3500 chemical species and more than 17,000 chemical reactions.

Naik, C; Westbrook, C K; Herbinet, O; Pitz, W J; Mehl, M

2010-01-22T23:59:59.000Z

5

Biodiesel from Used Frying Oil. Variables Affecting the Yields and Characteristics of the Biodiesel  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Biodiesel from Used Frying Oil. ... The objective of the work was to characterize the methyl esters for use as biodiesels in compression ignition motors. ...

José M. Encinar; Juan F. González; Antonio Rodríguez-Reinares

2005-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

6

Experimental investigations on diesel engine fuelled with methyl esters of cotton seed oil  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this investigation, cotton seed methyl ester (CSME) was prepared by transesterification using potassium hydroxide (KOH) as catalyst. The engine performance was analysed with different blends of biodiesel and was compared with neat diesel. It was concluded that the lower blends of biodiesel are closer to diesel as far as thermal efficiency is concerned. In the lower blends, the brakes specific fuel consumption is also comparatively reduced. The smoke density also increases for the blends of methyl ester of cotton seed oil diesel compared to neat diesel operation. The oxides of nitrogen (NOx) emission level are decreased with the blends of methyl ester of cotton seed oil compared to neat diesel. The results proved that the use of biodiesel (produced from cotton seed oil) in compression ignition engine is a viable alternative to diesel.

M. Saravanan; A. Anbarasu; M. Loganathan

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Experimental Autoignition of C4-C6 Saturated and Unsaturated Methyl and Ethyl Esters H. Bennadji*, J. Biet, L. Coniglio-Jaubert, F. Billaud, P.A. Glaude, F. Battin-Leclerc  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Keywords: Biodiesel, Methyl esters, Ethyl esters, Shock tube, Reaction mechanism. 1. Introduction Biodiesel is an alternative fuel which can be used directly to a diesel engine without modifying the engine system. Basically separate infrastructure. The use of biodiesel in conventional diesel engines results in substantial

Boyer, Edmond

8

NOx Reduction from Biodiesel Fuels  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

NOx Reduction from Biodiesel Fuels ... NOx emissions appear to be different for biodiesels from different feedstocks. ... For the suite of biodiesels prepared from nearly pure fatty acids, all biodiesel fuels produced higher NOx than certification diesel with the following exceptions:? methyl palmitate, methyl laurate, ethyl stearate, and the ethyl ester of hydrogenated soybean oil. ...

Sandun Fernando; Chris Hall; Saroj Jha

2005-11-19T23:59:59.000Z

9

Biodiesel Basics | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Biodiesel Basics Biodiesel Basics Biodiesel Basics July 30, 2013 - 2:43pm Addthis Looking for Biodiesel stations? Checkout the Alternative Fuels Data Center station locator. Biodiesel station locator Biodiesel is a domestically produced, renewable fuel that can be manufactured from vegetable oils, animal fats, or recycled restaurant greases. What is Biodiesel? Biodiesel is a liquid fuel made up of fatty acid alkyl esters, fatty acid methyl esters, or long-chain mono alkyl esters. It is produced from renewable sources such as new and used vegetable oils and animal fats and is a cleaner-burning replacement for petroleum-based diesel fuel. It is nontoxic and biodegradable. Like petroleum diesel, biodiesel is used to fuel compression-ignition (diesel) engines. B20, which is 20% biodiesel and 80% petroleum diesel, is

10

Performance and emissions of a diesel tractor engine fueled with marine diesel and soybean methyl ester  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Biodiesel is an alternative fuel that is cleaner than petrodiesel. Biodiesel can be used directly as fuel for a diesel engine without having to modify the engine system. It has the major advantages of having high biodegradability, excellent lubricity and no sulfur content. This paper presents the results of investigations carried out in studying the fuel properties of soybean methyl ester (SME) and its blend with marine diesel fuel from 5%, 20% and 50% blends by volume and in running a diesel engine with these fuels. The results indicate that the use of biodiesel produces lower smoke opacity (up to 74%), but higher brake specific fuel consumption (BSFC) (up to 12%) compared to marine fuel (MF). The measured carbon monoxide (CO) emissions of B5 and B100 fuels were found to be 3% and 52% lower than that of the MF, respectively.

B. Gokalp; E. Buyukkaya; H.S. Soyhan

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Combustion, performance and emission analysis of diesel engine fuelled with methyl esters of Pongamia oil  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The methyl esters of vegetable oils, known as biodiesel are increasingly becoming popular because of their low environmental impact and potential as a green alternative fuel for diesel engine, and that they would not require significant modification of existing engine hardware. Methyl ester of Pongamia oil (PME) is derived through transesterification process. Experimental investigations have been carried out to examine properties, performance and emissions of different blends (B00, B20, B40, B60, B80 and B100) of PME comparison to diesel. A computer assisted single cylinder constant speed water cooled four stroke direct diesel engine (5 HP), which is commonly used in the agricultural sector for driving the pumps and small electrical generators is selected for the experimental investigation. The performance, emissions and combustion characteristics are analysed. The combustion parameters considered for this analysis are cylinder pressure and rate of heat release. The brake thermal efficiency is slightly reduced and hydrocarbon, carbon monoxide and smoke emissions in the exhaust are reduced when fuelled with methyl esters compared to diesel. But the NOx emissions are high when fuelled with methyl esters compared to diesel. [Received: December 11, 2009; Accepted: March 21, 2010

T. Hari Prasad; K. Hema Chandra Reddy; M. Muralidhara Rao

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

Chapter 22 - Whole Algal Biomass In situ Transesterification to Fatty Acid Methyl Esters as Biofuel Feedstocks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This chapter addresses the yield of lipids quantified as fatty acid methyl esters (FAME) by using different catalysts and catalyst combinations, and the acid catalyst hydrochloric acid providing a consistently high level of conversion to FAME. The discussion is accompanied by a link to the large-scale application of this process as a whole biomass conversion pathway. Microalgae-focused lipid technologies for biofuel applications, renewable and biodiesel fuel properties are described along with in situ transesterification of oleaginous algal biomass, choice of catalyst for in situ whole biomass transesterification, and the analytical characterization of lipid content in algal biomass using in situ transesterification.

Lieve M.L. Laurens

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

Modeling study of the lowtemperature oxidation of large methyl esters from C11 to C19  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in biodiesel fuels has been investigated. Models have been developed for these species and then detailed; Biodiesel fuels; Modeling; Oxidation * Corresponding author: Olivier Herbinet Laboratory of Reaction the differences with the combustion of alkanes induced by the ester function. While biodiesel fuels deriving from

Boyer, Edmond

14

Synthesis and Characterization of Beef Tallow Biodiesel  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Synthesis and Characterization of Beef Tallow Biodiesel ... fatty acid esters and natural biodiesels. ...

Bruno Quirino Araújo; Rafael Cavalcante da Rocha Nunes; Carla Verônica Rodarte de Moura; Edmilson Miranda de Moura; Antônia Maria das Graças Lopes Citó; José Ribeiro dos Santos Júnior

2010-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

15

Biodiesel Engine Testing MECH-457 Final Report  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

at UBC has begun producing biodiesel fuel from waste cooking oils acquired from campus kitchens. Using methanol and a base catalyst, glycerol can be separated from the oil, leaving a mixture of methyl esters

16

Performance analysis and exhaust emissions of neem methyl ester operated compression ignition engine  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Neem oil methyl ester (NOME) was prepared from neem oil using alkaline catalyzed transesterification. The important fuel properties of NOME 20% blend of NOME with diesel were compared with those of diesel. Optimum injection pressures were determined for neat diesel and NOME-20 blend. Comparison of brake specific fuel consumption (BSFC) brake thermal efficiency (BTE) exhaust gas temperature (EGT) and smoke density was done for diesel and NOME-20 blend at their respective optimum injection pressure. Higher BSFC a slight decrease in BTE and a sharp decrease in EGT and smoke density were recorded with NOME-20 blend. Emissions with NOME-20 blend were also compared with diesel emissions at their respective optimum injection pressures. Significant reductions in carbon monoxide hydrocarbon and oxides of nitrogen and increase in carbon-di-oxide were observed with NOME-20 blend. Hence neem biodiesel has an environmental importance over diesel and shows a promising future.

Vinod Singh Yadav; Kamal Kishore Khatri; Deepak Tanwar; Ajayta; Dilip Sharma; S. L. Soni

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Biodiesel production from vegetable oil and waste animal fats in a pilot plant  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In this study, corn oil as vegetable oil, chicken fat and fleshing oil as animal fats were used to produce methyl ester in a biodiesel pilot plant. The FFA level of the corn oil was below 1% while those of animal fats were too high to produce biodiesel via base catalyst. Therefore, it was needed to perform pretreatment reaction for the animal fats. For this aim, sulfuric acid was used as catalyst and methanol was used as alcohol in the pretreatment reactions. After reducing the FFA level of the animal fats to less than 1%, the transesterification reaction was completed with alkaline catalyst. Due to low FFA content of corn oil, it was directly subjected to transesterification. Potassium hydroxide was used as catalyst and methanol was used as alcohol for transesterification reactions. The fuel properties of methyl esters produced in the biodiesel pilot plant were characterized and compared to EN 14214 and ASTM D6751 biodiesel standards. According to the results, ester yield values of animal fat methyl esters were slightly lower than that of the corn oil methyl ester (COME). The production cost of COME was higher than those of animal fat methyl esters due to being high cost biodiesel feedstock. The fuel properties of produced methyl esters were close to each other. Especially, the sulfur content and cold flow properties of the COME were lower than those of animal fat methyl esters. The measured fuel properties of all produced methyl esters met ASTM D6751 (S500) biodiesel fuel standards.

Ertan Alptekin; Mustafa Canakci; Huseyin Sanli

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Comparing the biodiesel and biogasoil production from different natural triglycerides  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Regarding the sustainable mobility, product quality and environmental aspects fatty acids methyl esters and biogasoils were compared. They were produced by the transesterification and special hydrocracking (including the isomerization, as well) of triglycerides, ... Keywords: biodiesel, biogasoil, feedstock supply, quality comparison

Jenö Hancsók; Zoltán Varga; Sándor Kovács; Tamás Kasza

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Characteristics of the performance and emissions of a HSDI diesel engine running with cottonseed oil or its methyl ester and their blends with diesel fuel  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An experimental study has been conducted to evaluate the use of various blends of cottonseed oil or its methyl ester (bio-diesel) with diesel fuel, in blend ratios from 10/90 up to 100/0, in a fully instrumented, four-stroke, High Speed Direct Injection (HSDI), Ricardo/Cussons 'Hydra' diesel engine. The tests were conducted using each of the above fuel blends or neat fuels, with the engine working at a medium and a high load. Volumetric fuel consumption, exhaust smokiness and exhaust-regulated gas emissions such as nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide and unburnt hydrocarbons were measured. The differences in the performance and exhaust emissions from the baseline operation of the engine, that is, when working with neat diesel fuel, were determined and compared, as well as the differences between cottonseed oil or its methyl ester and their blends. Theoretical aspects of diesel engine combustion were used to aid the correct interpretation of the engine behaviour.

Constantine D. Rakopoulos; Kimon A. Antonopoulos; Dimitrios C. Rakopoulos; Emmanuel C. Kakaras; Efthimios G. Pariotis

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

A comparative evaluation of Al 2 O 3 coated low heat rejection diesel engine performance and emission characteristics using fuel as rice bran and pongamia methyl ester  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this study for the first time a nanoceramic Al 2 O 3 was used as a coatingmaterial in the low heat rejection engine concept. Experiments were conducted on single cylinder four stroke water cooled and direct injection diesel engine. First the engine was tested at different load conditions without coating. Then combustion chamber surfaces (cylinder head cylinder liner valves and piston crown face) were coated with nanoceramic material of Al 2 O 3 using plasma spray method. Comparative evaluation on performance and emission characteristics using fuel as rice bran methyl ester pongamia methyl ester and biodiesel/diesel fuel mixtures was studied in the ceramiccoated and uncoated engines under the same running conditions. An increase in engine power and a decrease in specific fuel consumption as well as significant improvements in exhaust gas emissions (except NOx) and smoke density were observed in the ceramiccoated engines compared with those of the uncoated engine.

M. Mohamed Musthafa; S. P. Sivapirakasam; M. Udayakumar

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "methyl esters biodiesel" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Metathesis of tobacco fatty acid methyl esters: Generation of industrially important platform chemicals  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Self-methathesis of vegetable oil based unsaturated fatty acids provide a renewable and convenient route for the preparation of a number of platform chemicals useful for the production of polymers, biolubricants and other industrial products. The present study is focused on the use of the unsaturated non-edible oil methyl esters of tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum 82.2%) self- metathesis. Metathesis was carried out reacting equimolar quantities of fatty acid methyl esters (6.8 mm) with Grubbs second generation catalyst (0.3 mm) at 40–45 °C for 36 h. The metathesized products were characterized using GC and GC–MS analysis. Self-metathesis of the tobacco methyl esters resulted in the formation of hydrocarbons, of which 9-octadecene (24%) and a cyclodecacyclododecene (19%) were found to be major. In addition 9-octadecenoic acid methyl ester (17%) and 9,12-octadecadienoic acid methyl esters (11%) were also observed. The study also discusses the molecules involved in the formation of the above intermediates which are useful for the preparation of a number of industrial products.

Yelchuri Vyshnavi; Rachapudi B.N. Prasad; Mallampalli S.L. Karuna

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Electrochemical method for producing a biodiesel mixture comprising fatty acid alkyl esters and glycerol  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention relates to an integrated method and system for the simultaneous production of biodiesel from free fatty acids (via esterification) and from triglycerides (via transesterification) within the same reaction chamber. More specifically, one preferred embodiment of the invention relates to a method and system for the production of biodiesel using an electrodeionization stack, wherein an ion exchange resin matrix acts as a heterogeneous catalyst for simultaneous esterification and transesterification reactions between a feedstock and a lower alcohol to produce biodiesel, wherein the feedstock contains significant levels of free fatty acid. In addition, because of the use of a heterogeneous catalyst, the glycerol and biodiesel have much lower salt concentrations than raw biodiesel produced by conventional transesterification processes. The present invention makes it much easier to purify glycerol and biodiesel.

Lin, YuPo J; St. Martin, Edward J

2013-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

23

Biodiesel  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Biodiesel Biodiesel Biotown, USA Biotown, Indiana Vídeo Windows Media (9.5 MB) Vídeo Quicktime (4.0 MB) Versión de Texto Ícono de Adobe Acrobat El biodiesel es una forma de diesel fabricado de aceites vegetales, grasa animal o grasa reciclada de restaurantes. Es seguro, biodegradable, y produce menos contaminantes de aire que el diesel a base de petróleo. El combustible biodiesel se puede usar en forma pura (B100) o mezclados con diesel de petróleo. Las mezclas más comunes son B2 (2% de biodiesel), B5 y B20. La mayoría de los fabricantes aprueban las mezclas de hasta B5, y unos pocos aprueban mezclas de hasta B20. Corrobore en el manual de su auto o con su fabricante para determinar la mezcla más adecuada para su vehículo, ya que usar la mezcla equivocada puede dañar el motor de su

24

Detailed chemical kinetic oxidation mechanism for a biodiesel surrogate  

SciTech Connect

A detailed chemical kinetic mechanism has been developed and used to study the oxidation of methyl decanoate, a surrogate for biodiesel fuels. This model has been built by following the rules established by Curran et al. for the oxidation of n-heptane and it includes all the reactions known to be pertinent to both low and high temperatures. Computed results have been compared with methyl decanoate experiments in an engine and oxidation of rapeseed oil methyl esters in a jet stirred reactor. An important feature of this mechanism is its ability to reproduce the early formation of carbon dioxide that is unique to biofuels and due to the presence of the ester group in the reactant. The model also predicts ignition delay times and OH profiles very close to observed values in shock tube experiments fueled by n-decane. These model capabilities indicate that large n-alkanes can be good surrogates for large methyl esters and biodiesel fuels to predict overall reactivity, but some kinetic details, including early CO{sub 2} production from biodiesel fuels, can be predicted only by a detailed kinetic mechanism for a true methyl ester fuel. The present methyl decanoate mechanism provides a realistic kinetic tool for simulation of biodiesel fuels.

Herbinet, O; Pitz, W J; Westbrook, C K

2007-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

25

Detailed chemical kinetic oxidation mechanism for a biodiesel surrogate  

SciTech Connect

A detailed chemical kinetic mechanism has been developed and used to study the oxidation of methyl decanoate, a surrogate for biodiesel fuels. This model has been built by following the rules established by Curran et al. for the oxidation of n-heptane and it includes all the reactions known to be pertinent to both low and high temperatures. Computed results have been compared with methyl decanoate experiments in an engine and oxidation of rapeseed oil methyl esters in a jet stirred reactor. An important feature of this mechanism is its ability to reproduce the early formation of carbon dioxide that is unique to biofuels and due to the presence of the ester group in the reactant. The model also predicts ignition delay times and OH profiles very close to observed values in shock tube experiments fueled by n-decane. These model capabilities indicate that large n-alkanes can be good surrogates for large methyl esters and biodiesel fuels to predict overall reactivity, but some kinetic details, including early CO2 production from biodiesel fuels, can be predicted only by a detailed kinetic mechanism for a true methyl ester fuel. The present methyl decanoate mechanism provides a realistic kinetic tool for simulation of biodiesel fuels.

Herbinet, O; Pitz, W J; Westbrook, C K

2007-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

26

Modelling Study of the Low-Temperature Oxidation of Large Methyl Esters J. Biet, V. Warth, O. Herbinet*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-decane / methyl palmitate mixture in a jet-stirred reactor. This paper also presents the construction and a comparison of models for methyl esters from C7 up to C17 in terms of conversion in a jet-stirred reactor, the development of renewable energy is more vital than ever [1,2]. The production of biofuels such as methyl

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

27

Detailed chemical kinetic mechanism for the oxidation of biodiesel fuels blend surrogate.  

SciTech Connect

Detailed chemical kinetic mechanisms were developed and used to study the oxidation of two large unsaturated esters: methyl-5-decenoate and methyl-9-decenoate. These models were built from a previous methyl decanoate mechanism and were compared with rapeseed oil methyl esters oxidation experiments in a jet stirred reactor. A comparative study of the reactivity of these three oxygenated compounds was performed and the differences in the distribution of the products of the reaction were highlighted showing the influence of the presence and the position of a double bond in the chain. Blend surrogates, containing methyl decanoate, methyl-5-decenoate, methyl-9-decenoate and n-alkanes, were tested against rapeseed oil methyl esters and methyl palmitate/n-decane experiments. These surrogate models are realistic kinetic tools allowing the study of the combustion of biodiesel fuels in diesel and homogeneous charge compression ignition engines.

Herbinet, O; Pitz, W J; Westbrook, C K

2009-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

28

Testing Waste Olive Oil Methyl Ester as a Fuel in a Diesel Engine  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this sense, to gain knowledge about the implications of its use, waste olive oil methyl ester was evaluated as a fuel for diesel engines during a 50-h short-term performance test in a diesel direct-injection Perkins engine. ... At the beginning of the last century, Rudolph Diesel fueled a diesel engine with the oil of an African groundnut (peanut), thus demonstrating the idea of using vegetable oil as a substitute for No. 2 diesel fuel. ... In this way, we obtained a volume value for each trio of working values, making a brake-specific fuel consumption comparison between different tests or fuels possible, as shown in Table 2, where Vi is the volume value for each test and V50 corresponds to that of No. 2 diesel fuel after 50 h (the test that showed the minimum value). ...

M. P. Dorado; E. Ballesteros; J. M. Arnal; J. Gómez; F. J. López Giménez

2003-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

29

Detailed chemical kinetic reaction mechanisms for soy and rapeseed biodiesel fuels  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in simulations of biodiesel oxidation in jet-stirred reactor and intermediate shock tube ignition and oxidation in the relative amounts of the same five methyl ester components. Keywords: Biofuels; Reaction mechanisms intermediate species produced during biofuel combustion that are not present in combustion of more conventional

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

30

Combustion chemical kinetics of biodiesel and related compounds (methyl and ethyl esters): Experiments and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

energy resource that has been consumed by the world's population, exceeding natural gas, coal, nuclear a shift toward alternative sources of energy that are renewable, sustainable, efficient, cost Industries Chimiques de Nancy, Laboratoire Réactions et Génie des Procédés, UMR CNRS 7274, 1 rue Grandville

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

31

Study of degumming process and evaluation of oxidative stability of methyl and ethyl biodiesel of Jatropha curcas L. oil from three different Brazilian states  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This work describes the production of biodiesel from Jatropha curcas oil. The kernel samples provided by Embrapa-PI, were first crushed in a blender and then subjected to extraction with hexane. The oil yield was between 54.71 ± 0.47 and 64.16 ± 2.88%. The J. curcas oil was then submitted to two different kinds of degumming, first with water and second with H3PO4 to evaluate the influence of these processes in the yield of the transesterification reaction. Methyl and ethyl biodiesel prepared from the degummed oil with H3PO4 had higher conversions than those prepared with the degummed with water. Therefore, among the processes of degumming studied, H3PO4 was more suitable for the treatment of J. curcas oil. The study shows the results about oxidation stability were good, because the biodiesels methyl and ethyl biodiesel have induction period at 13.51 h and 13.03 h without antioxidant addition when submitted a Rancimat text. Such biodiesels had their physicochemical parameters defined under the specifications of ANP Resolutions n° 14/2012 (ANP- National Agency of Petroleum, Natural Gas and Biofuels from Brazil). The results showed that J. curcas cultivation in Brazil is an adequate source for biodiesel production, considering the technical standards available.

Francisca Diana da Silva Araújo; Iranildo C. Araújo; Isabella Cristhina G. Costa; Carla Verônica Rodarte de Moura; Mariana H. Chaves; Eugênio Celso E. Araújo

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

A comparative study of Al2O3 coated LHR engine characteristic using rice bran and mahua methyl ester as a fuel  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this study, for the first time, a nano material of Al2O3 was used as ceramic layer in low heat rejection engine concepts. The coating was carried out by plasma spray method on the combustion chamber surfaces (cylinder head, cylinder liner, valves and crown surfaces) of the DI diesel engine. A comparative evaluation of Al2O3 coated engine was carried out between two types of biodiesel (methyl ester of rice bran and mahua oil) and diesel. Experiments were conducted on single cylinder, four strokes, water cooled and direct injection diesel engine. The test run was also repeated for uncoated engine and compared. The results indicated that, an increase in engine power (6.3-11.4%) and decrease in specific fuel consumption (0.8-10.9%), as well as significant improvements in exhaust gas emissions (except NOx) and smoke opacity (19.6-28.9%) were observed in Al2O3 coated engine compared with that of the uncoated engine.

M. Mohamed Musthafa; S.P. Sivapirakasam; M. Udayakumar

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Kinetic Modeling of Combustion Characteristics of Real Biodiesel Fuels  

SciTech Connect

Biodiesel fuels are of much interest today either for replacing or blending with conventional fuels for automotive applications. Predicting engine effects of using biodiesel fuel requires accurate understanding of the combustion characteristics of the fuel, which can be acquired through analysis using reliable detailed reaction mechanisms. Unlike gasoline or diesel that consists of hundreds of chemical compounds, biodiesel fuels contain only a limited number of compounds. Over 90% of the biodiesel fraction is composed of 5 unique long-chain C{sub 18} and C{sub 16} saturated and unsaturated methyl esters. This makes modeling of real biodiesel fuel possible without the need for a fuel surrogate. To this end, a detailed chemical kinetic mechanism has been developed for determining the combustion characteristics of a pure biodiesel (B100) fuel, applicable from low- to high-temperature oxidation regimes. This model has been built based on reaction rate rules established in previous studies at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. Computed results are compared with the few fundamental experimental data that exist for biodiesel fuel and its components. In addition, computed results have been compared with experimental data for other long-chain hydrocarbons that are similar in structure to the biodiesel components.

Naik, C V; Westbrook, C K

2009-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

34

Production of algae-based biodiesel using the continuous catalytic Mcgyan® process  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study demonstrates the production of algal biodiesel from Dunaliella tertiolecta, Nannochloropsis oculata, wild freshwater microalgae, and macroalgae lipids using a highly efficient continuous catalytic process. The heterogeneous catalytic process uses supercritical methanol and porous titania microspheres in a fixed bed reactor to catalyze the simultaneous transesterification and esterification of triacylglycerides and free fatty acids, respectively, to fatty acid methyl esters (biodiesel). Triacylglycerides and free fatty acids were converted to alkyl esters with up to 85% efficiency as measured by 300 MHz 1H NMR spectroscopy. The lipid composition of the different algae was studied gravimetrically and by gas chromatography. The analysis showed that even though total lipids comprised upwards of 19% of algal dry weight the saponifiable lipids, and resulting biodiesel, comprised only 1% of dry weight. Thus highlighting the need to determine the triacylglyceride and free fatty acid content when considering microalgae for biodiesel production.

Brian J. Krohn; Clayton V. McNeff; Bingwen Yan; Daniel Nowlan

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

Combustion, performance and emission characteristics of a DI CI engine using biodiesel with varied fatty acid composition  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Five Biodiesel produced from different vegetable oils were tested on a diesel engine to study the effect of biodiesel fatty acid composition specifically unsaturated composition on the engine combustion. The results from fuel analysis show that biodiesel (93% unsaturated fatty acid ester composition) with 55% linolenic ester has a higher density of 0.89 kg/m³, lower viscosity of 3.8 cSt, heating value of 39 MJ/kg and cetane number of 49. The engine combustion results exhibits a longer premixed and shorter diffusion burning phase with higher peak pressure of 72 bars and higher cumulative heat release compared to other fatty ester composition. The performance and emission results show that emits more oxides of nitrogen of 16.83 g/kWh and exhibits higher thermal efficiency of 29.76% compared to diesel of 12.83 g/kWh and 28.41% respectively. Biodiesel with 45% saturated ester and 55% unsaturated ester composition shows a NOX neutral fuel with a penalty of 1.75% in thermal efficiency. No significant differences in unburnt hydrocarbon (UBHC), carbon monoxide (CO) and smoke emissions among the biodiesel fuels were noticed except linseed oil methyl ester.

Sukumar Puhan; A. Gopinath; G. Nagarajan

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Synthesis, droplet combustion, and sooting characteristics of biodiesel produced from waste vegetable oils  

SciTech Connect

In light of the potential of fatty acid methyl ester (FAME, i.e. biodiesel) as a renewable energy source, an innovative acid catalyzed process was developed for the synthesis of biodiesel from waste vegetable oils. The synthesized biodiesels were analytically characterized for their major components, molar fraction and molecular weight of each component, the average molecular weight, and the heat of combustion. Their droplet combustion characteristics in terms of the burning rate, flame size, and sooting tendency were subsequently determined in a high-temperature, freely-falling droplet apparatus. Results show that the biodiesel droplet has higher burning rate, and that biodiesel in general has a lower propensity to soot because its molecular oxygen content promotes the oxidation of the soot precursors.

Li, T. X.; Zhu, D. L.; Akafuah, N.; Saito, K.; Law, C. K.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Effect of Unburned Methyl Esters on the NOx Conversion of Fe-Zeolite SCR Catalyst  

SciTech Connect

Engine and flow reactor experiments were conducted to determine the impact of biodiesel relative to ultra-low-sulfur diesel (ULSD) on inhibition of the selective catalytic reduction (SCR) reaction over an Fe-zeolite catalyst. Fe-zeolite SCR catalysts have the ability to adsorb and store unburned hydrocarbons (HC) at temperatures below 300 C. These stored HCs inhibit or block NO{sub x}-ammonia reaction sites at low temperatures. Although biodiesel is not a hydrocarbon, similar effects are anticipated for unburned biodiesel and its organic combustion products. Flow reactor experiments indicate that in the absence of exposure to HC or B100, NO{sub x} conversion begins at between 100 and 200 C. When exposure to unburned fuel occurs at higher temperatures (250-400 C), the catalyst is able to adsorb a greater mass of biodiesel than of ULSD. Experiments show that when the catalyst is masked with ULSD, NO{sub x} conversion is inhibited until it is heated to 400 C. However, when masked with biodiesel, NO{sub x} conversion is observed to begin at temperatures as low as 200 C. Engine test results also show low-temperature recovery from HC storage. Engine tests indicate that, overall, the SCR system has a faster recovery from HC masking with biodiesel. This is at least partially due to a reduction in exhaust HCs, and thus total HC exposure with biodiesel.

Williams, A.; Ratcliff, M.; Pedersen, D.; McCormick, R.; Cavataio, G.; Ura, J.

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Techno-economic analysis of biodiesel production from Jatropha curcas via a supercritical methanol process  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper presents the conceptual design and economic evaluation of a production of methyl esters (biodiesel) from Jatropha curcas oil (JCO) via a supercritical methanol process with glycerol as a by-product. The process consists of four major units: transesterification (PFR), methanol recovery (FT) and (DC1), recovery of glycerol (DEC), and biodiesel purification (DC2). The material and heat balance are also presented here. A biodiesel production of 40,000 tonnes-yr?1 is taken as case study. Biodiesel obtained from supercritical transesterification with Jatropha curcas oil as feedstock resulting in high purity methyl esters (99.96%) with almost pure glycerol (96.49%) obtained as by-product. The biodiesel can be sold at USD 0.78 kg?1, while the manufacturing and capital investment costs are in the range of USD 25.39 million-year?1 and USD 9.41 million year?1, respectively. This study proved that biodiesel from JCO is the least expensive with purities comparable to those found in other studies.

N.N.A.N. Yusuf; S.K. Kamarudin

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Definition: Biodiesel | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Biodiesel Biodiesel A renewable fuel that can be produced from a wide range of vegetable oils or animal fats. May be used either as a replacement for or as a component of diesel fuel. Additional technical definition: ASTM D6751 - 11b.[1][2] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Biodiesel refers to a vegetable oil- or animal fat-based diesel fuel consisting of long-chain alkyl esters. Biodiesel is typically made by chemically reacting lipids (e.g. , vegetable oil, animal fat) with an alcohol producing fatty acid esters. Biodiesel is meant to be used in standard diesel engines and is thus distinct from the vegetable and waste oils used to fuel converted diesel engines. Biodiesel can be used alone, or blended with petrodiesel. Biodiesel can also be used as a low carbon

40

14 - Biodiesel and renewable diesel production methods  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract: Vegetable oils and animal fats have come to be recognized as important sources of renewable fuels. Fatty acid methyl esters are known as biodiesel, and are the leading source for non-petroleum diesel fuel. With hydrogenation and isomerization, oils and fats can be converted to renewable diesel and jet fuel that are drop-in replacements for petroleum diesel fuel and jet fuel. This chapter reviews the processes used to produce these fuels and the feedstocks that will provide the supplies of oils and fats needed to meet a growing world demand.

J.H. Van Gerpen; B.B. He

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "methyl esters biodiesel" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Definition Biodiesel Definition to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Definition Biodiesel is defined as a renewable, biodegradable, mono alkyl ester combustible liquid fuel that is derived from agricultural plant oils or animal fats and meets ASTM specification D6751-11b. A biodiesel blend is a

42

Identification of ‘Carbon Hot-Spots’ and Quantification of GHG Intensities in the Biodiesel Supply Chain Using Hybrid LCA and Structural Path Analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Identification of ‘Carbon Hot-Spots’ and Quantification of GHG Intensities in the Biodiesel Supply Chain Using Hybrid LCA and Structural Path Analysis ... Life cycle assessments (LCA) of biodiesel to evaluate its environmental impacts have, however, remained questionable, mainly because of the adoption of a traditional process analysis approach resulting in system boundary truncation and because of issues regarding the impacts of land use change and N2O emissions from fertilizer application. ... In this study, a hybrid LCA methodology is used to evaluate the life cycle CO2 equivalent emissions of rape methyl ester (RME) biodiesel. ...

Adolf A. Acquaye; Thomas Wiedmann; Kuishang Feng; Robert H. Crawford; John Barrett; Johan Kuylenstierna; Aidan P. Duffy; S. C. Lenny Koh; Simon McQueen-Mason

2011-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

43

Experimental and modeling study of the thermal decomposition of methyl decanoate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in internal combustion engines [2], [3], [4], [5] and [6]. Biodiesel fuels are composed of methyl esters) 1288-1300" DOI : 10.1016/j.combustflame.2010.11.009 #12;1. Introduction Fuel thermal decomposition are of importance in some practical cases such as diesel engines. The first reactions of diesel fuels

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

44

Experimental Investigations of an IC Engine Operating with Alkyl Esters of Jatropha, Karanja and Castor Seed Oil  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Diesel engines are efficient systems popularly used to meet electricity and other power requirements for agriculture, industry, transportation and decentralized power generation. Vegetable oils can be successfully used in Compression Ignition (CI) engine either through engine modifications or fuel modifications, later being more feasible option. Fuel modification options include blending of vegetable oils with mineral diesel, transesterification, cracking/pyrolysis, micro-emulsion, and hydrogenation to reduce polymerization and viscosity, transesterification of vegetable oil with a short chain alcohol i.e. methanol or ethanol being most popular. Several non-edible plant oils have been found to be promising crude oils for the production of biodiesel. Methanol is most commonly used in commercial production of biodiesel. Fatty acid alkyl esters (FAAE) produced from higher alcohols is of interest as they may have different fuel properties in comparison to methyl or ethyl esters. In the present investigations, preparation of methanol, ethanol, propanol and butanol were used for formation of alkyl esters of Jatropha, Karanja and Castor. The composition of Jatropha, Karanja and Castor oil were analysed and alcoholysis process for preparing alkyl esters of Jatropha, Karanja and Castor oil with various alcohols was optimised. Alkyl ester-diesel blends were used to test the diesel engine at different load conditions and extensive performance and emissions studies were conducted in single cylinder direct injection compression ignition engines. It is concluded that lower blends of ethyl, propyl and butyl esters of Jatropha and Karanja feedstock have physico-chemical properties similar to methyl esters. However, deviation from the properties became larger for higher blending ratio. Therefore, in order to get engine performance in close range of diesel, the optimum blending ratio of higher alkyl esters need to be even less than methyl esters. Lower blends of higher alkyl esters are expected to give engine characteristics in close proximity to diesel overcoming the limitations of bio-diesel, while retaining the advantages.

Sanjay Bajpai; Lalit Mohan Das

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Emissions and engine performance from blends of soya and canola methyl esters with ARB {number_sign}2 diesel in a DCC 6V92TA MUI engine  

SciTech Connect

A Detroit Diesel 6V92TA MUI engine was operated on several blends of EPA No. 2 diesel, California ARB No. 2 diesel, soya methyl ester (SME) and canola methyl ester (CME). Various fuels and fuel blend characteristics were determined and engine emissions from these fuels and blends were compared. Increasing percentages of SME and CME blended with either ARB or EPA diesels led to increased emissions of NO{sub x}, CO{sub 2} and soluble particulate matter. Also noted were reductions in total hydrocarbons, CO and insoluble particulate matter. Chassis dynamometer tests conducted on a 20/80 SME/ARB blend showed similar emissions trends. The data suggest that certain methyl ester/No. 2 diesel blends in conjunction with delays in engine timing and technologies that reduce the soluble fraction of particulate emissions merit further exploration as emissions reducing fuel options for North American mass transits (except in California, which mandates ARB diesel).

Spataru, A.; Romig, C.

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

46

Emissions and engine performance from blends of soya and canola methyl esters with ARB No. 2 diesel in a DDC 6V92TA MUI engine  

SciTech Connect

A Detroit Diesel 6V92TA MUI engine was operated on several blends of EPA No. 2 diesel, soya methyl ester (SME) and canola methyl ester (CME). Various fuels and fuel blend characteristics were determined and engine emissions from these fuels and blends were compared. Increasing percentages of SME and CME blended with either ARB or EPA diesels led to increased emissions of NO{sub x}, CO{sub 2} and soluble particulate matter. Also noted were reductions in total hydrocarbons, CO and insoluble particulate matter. Chassis dynamometer tests conducted on a 20/80 SME/ARB blend showed similar emission trends. The data suggest that certain methyl ester/No. 2 diesel blends in conjunction with technologies that reduce the soluble fraction of particulate emissions merit further exploration as emissions reducing fuel options for North American mass transit sectors (except California, which mandates ARB diesel).

Spataru, A.; Romig, C. [ADEPT Group, Inc., Los Angeles, CA (United States)

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

E-Print Network 3.0 - anhydroecgonine methyl ester Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Idaho Collection: Environmental Sciences and Ecology 9 A Novel Post-translational Modification of Yeast Elongation Factor 1A Summary: that is released as volatile methyl groups...

48

Performance and emission characteristics of a diesel engine using esters of palm olein/soybean oil blends  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this experimental study, the engine performance and exhaust emissions of a diesel direct injection engine using mixed palm oleinâ??soybean vegetable oil ethyl ester (POSEE) and methyl ester (POSME) have been examined. The results of experimental studies have shown that the torque and brake power output of an engine, which uses biodiesels, is slightly lower and specific fuel consumption is higher than in an engine using conventional diesel fuel. It has also been observed that there is a decrease in both carbon monoxide and hydrocarbon (HC) emissions, which indicates an advantage of exhaust emissions. Although methyl ester's CO2 emissions decreased compared with those of diesel fuel, NO and NOX emissions were higher with the biodiesels.

Imdat Taymaz; Mucahit Sengil

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Silicon Valley Biodiesel Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Biodiesel Inc Biodiesel Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name Silicon Valley Biodiesel Inc. Place Sunnyvale, California Zip CA 94086 Product Manufactures biodiesel for the local diesel fuel market using local supplies of waste fats, oils and greases that is converted into fatty acid methyl esters and has properties similar to diesel fuel. Coordinates 32.780338°, -96.547405° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":32.780338,"lon":-96.547405,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

50

Tailoring key fuel properties of diesel–biodiesel–ethanol blends for diesel engine  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Alternative fuel research for the profusely growing number of diesel run automotive has intensified due to environmental reasons and turmoil in petroleum market. Government initiatives all around the world, their energy policies and steps to emphasis the use of biodiesel; proved biodiesel as a number one renewable substitute for No. 2 diesel fuels. Among all biodiesel feedstock, palm oil is a potential source with higher yield rate without much fertilizer use especially in tropical region. However, the application of transesterified palm biodiesel is objected by many auto-manufacturers due to adverse effects on engine in long term operation. The aim of this study was to modify the key fuel properties of palm biodiesel which causes engine fouling in long term operation. A significant amount of work is devoted to mix biodiesel and diesel at arbitrary percentages and test engine performance. Numerous fuel additives are developed for biodiesels automotive use. In this study, chemical properties of biodiesel are tailored by ethanol and an optimum formulation is derived mathematically. Ethanol is used at a controlled proportion (6%) with palm oil methyl ester (POME) as additive to reduce the higher viscosity of POME. This optimum palm biodiesel–ethanol blend was mixed at varying proportions (i.e. 0–30%) with No. 2 diesel to produce ternary blends of diesel–palm biodiesel–ethanol. Cold flow properties (such as, could point, pour point) of these ternary blends has improved and minute percentage of ethanol adding did not adversely affect the oxidation stability and corrosiveness of the fuel blend. Ethanol has significantly reduces the flash point, but the flammability of ternary blends is classified as Class II; similar to that of diesel. Cetane number is reduced in ternary blends by ethanol. So, palm biodiesel with minute percentage of anhydrous ethanol as additive in the ternary blend significantly improved key fuel properties significantly.

Md. Jayed Hussan; Masjuki Hj. Hassan; Md. Abul Kalam; Liaquat Ali Memon

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Definition Biodiesel Definition to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Definition Biodiesel is defined as a fuel comprised of mono-alkyl esters of long chain fatty acids derived from vegetable oils or animal fats, either in pure form or mixed in any combination with petroleum-based diesel fuel. The

52

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Definition Biodiesel Definition to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Definition Biodiesel fuel is defined as a mono alkyl ester of long chain fatty acids derived from vegetable oils or animal fats for use in compression-ignition engines and meets the requirements of the ASTM specification D6751 in

53

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Producer Requirements  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Producer Biodiesel Producer Requirements to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Producer Requirements on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Producer Requirements on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Producer Requirements on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Producer Requirements on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Producer Requirements on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Producer Requirements on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Producer Requirements Biodiesel is defined as a fuel that is composed of mono-alkyl esters of long-chain fatty acids derived from plant or animal matter, meets the

54

Production and Properties of Biodiesel from Algal Oils  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Biodiesel is defined as the mono-alkyl esters of vegetable oils or animal fats or other materials composed of triacylglycerols. This chapter discusses the potential fuel properties of biodiesel derived from al...

Gerhard Knothe

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Combustion analysis of a direct injection diesel engine when fuelled with sunflower methyl ester and its diesel blends  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Uncertainty in the availability of petroleum-based fuels in the near future and stringent pollution norms have triggered a search for renewable and clean-burning fuels. The use of vegetable oil as an alternative fuel has for long been in the pipeline, but its direct use has been limited because of its higher viscosity. In this work, sunflower oil was taken as feedstock and the feasibility of sunflower oil methyl ester (SFME) as an alternative fuel for diesel engines was investigated. Tests were conducted in a 4.4 kW, single cylinder, naturally aspirated direct injection diesel engine. It was observed that the premixed combustion phase of SFME and its blends were less intense compared with diesel oil. In addition, it was observed that SFME and its blends had slightly lower thermal efficiency and lower tailpipe emissions than diesel oil.

G. Lakshmi Narayana Rao; S. Saravanan; P. Selva Ilavarasi; G. Devasagayam

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

The comparative analysis of diesel engine combustion and emission parameters fuelled with palm oil methyl esters and its diesel blends  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this work, the combustion and emission characteristics of a direct injection compression ignition engine fuelled with diesel-Palm Oil Methyl Ester (POME) blends are investigated. This study shows that the ignition delay decreases with increase in the POME addition. The maximum rate of pressure rise and maximum rate of heat release decreases with increase in POME addition at all loads. As the percentage of POME in the blend increases, the crank angle at which the maximum rate of heat release takes place advances. The brake thermal efficiency decreases with increase in POME addition. The unburned hydrocarbon, carbon monoxide and soot intensity decreases, while nitrogen oxides (NOx) increase with increase in POME addition. [Received: April 4, 2008; Accepted: November 24, 2008

G. Lakshmi Narayana Rao; S. Saravanan; P. Selva Ilavarasi

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Low Temperature Autoignition of C8H16O2 Ethyl and Methyl Esters in a Motored Engine  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The alkyl chain of fatty acid esters experience the typical paraffin-like low temperature oxidation sequence; the alkyl chain length of fatty acid esters has a crucial impact on the ignition behavior of fatty acid esters

58

Usage of Fuel Mixtures Containing Ethanol and Rapeseed Oil Methyl Esters in a Diesel Engine  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

However, its use in the diesel engine cycle is hampered by the poor motor-fueling characteristics of lower alcohols and, primarily, the limited solubility of ethanol in fossil diesel fuel and its low self-ignition characteristics. ... Coefficient ? = Gair/(GfL0) estimates air supply into a diesel engine cylinder (indicator process), taking into account the differences of stoichiometric ratio L0 of the tested fuels, caused by the increase of the E portion in the RME?E mixture (Gair is air consumption, and Gf is fuel consumption). ... Future research will concentrate on the analysis of fuel injection and heat release rate characteristics in a cylinder, while a diesel engine is running on biodiesel fuels RME?E, and also on the operational parameters of diesel engines when fossil diesel fuel is replaced with three-component fuels D?RME?E. ...

Sergejus Lebedevas; Galina Lebedeva; Violeta Makareviciene; Prutenis Janulis; Egle Sendzikiene

2008-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

59

Study on Production Process of Biodiesel from Rubber Seed (Hevea Brasiliensis) by in Situ (Trans)Esterification Method with Acid Catalyst  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Biodiesel is fatty acid methyl or ethyl esters made from vegetable oils (edible and non edible) or animal fats. The objective of this research was to produce biodiesel from rubber seed by in situ method with acid catalyst with a goal for obtaining environmentally friendly alternative fuels from non edible raw material. This research focuses on influence of reaction time, concentration of acid catalyst and ratio raw material to methanol. The first stage was carried out in order to get reaction time based on the density and viscosity of mixture produced. In this process H2SO4 0.5% (v/v) was used as catalyst and ratio of raw material to methanol (1:2). The experiments were conducted by investigating the catalyst concentration in range 0.1-1%(v/v) and ratio of raw material to methanol in range 1:1.5-1:3. The research method included, the preparation of samples, biodiesel production, biodiesel separation, and biodiesel characterization i.e density, viscosity, GC analysis, acid value and Iodine number. The results shows that the operation time for biodiesel production by in situ method with acid catalyst was 120 minutes and the yield of Fatty Acid Methyl Ester (FAME) obtained was at 91,05%.

Widayat; Agam Duma Kalista Wibowo; Hadiyanto

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Direct conversion of wet algae to crude biodiesel under supercritical ethanol conditions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper presents a single-step, environmentally friendly approach for the direct conversion of wet algae to crude biodiesel under supercritical ethanol conditions. Ethanol was used for the simultaneous extraction and transesterification of lipids in algae to produce fatty acid ethyl esters at supercritical conditions. In this work the effects of process parameters dry algae to ethanol (wt./vol.) ratio (1:6–1:15), reaction temperature (245–270 °C), and reaction time (2–30 min.) on the yield of fatty acid ethyl esters (FAEE) were studied. 67% conversion was achieved at 265 °C and 20 min of reaction time. The calorific value of a purified biodiesel sample produced at optimum conditions was measured to be 43 MJ/kg, which is higher than that of fatty acid methyl esters produced from the same biomass. The purified fatty acid ethyl esters were analyzed using GC–MS and FTIR. TGA analysis of algal biomass and purified FAEE was presented along with TEM images of the biomass captured before and after supercritical ethanol transesterification. This green conversion process has the potential to provide an energy-efficient and economical route for the production of renewable biodiesel production.

Harvind K. Reddy; Tapaswy Muppaneni; Prafulla D. Patil; Sundaravadivelnathan Ponnusamy; Peter Cooke; Tanner Schaub; Shuguang Deng

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "methyl esters biodiesel" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Combustion and emission characteristics of diesel engine fuelled with methyl esters of pungam oil and rice bran oil  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Biodiesel derived from vegetable oils and animal fats can be used in diesel engines with little or no modifications. In this work, the combustion, performance and emission characteristics of various biodiesel (rice bran oil and pungam oil) and their blends are evaluated in a direct injection diesel engine. Lower ignition delay, higher peak pressure and heat release rate with almost same brake thermal efficiency are obtained for 20% biodiesel blend as compared with diesel fuel. They exhibited lower unburned hydrocarbon, carbon monoxide and soot emissions with a penalty of higher NOx emissions.

G. Lakshmi Narayana Rao; N. Nallusamy; S. Sampath; K. Rajagopal

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Evaluation of RME (rapeseed methyl ester) and mineral diesel fuels behaviour in quiescent vessel and EURO 5 engine  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Alternative diesel fuels for internal combustion engines have grown significantly in interest in the last decade. This is due to the potential benefits in pollutant emissions and particulate matter reduction. Nevertheless at possible increase in nitrogen oxide (NOx), and almost certainly increase of fuel consumption have been observed. In this paper, mineral diesel and RME (rapeseed methyl ester) fuels have been characterized in a non-evaporative spray chamber and in an optically-accessible single-cylinder engine using a Common Rail injector (8 holes, 148° cone opening angle and 480 cc/30s@10 MPa flow number) to measure the spatial fuel distribution, the temporal evolution and the vaporization–combustion processes. The injection process and mixture formation have been investigated at the Urban Driving Cycle ECE R15: 1500 rpm at 0.2 MPa of break mean effective pressure. Characteristic parameters of the spray like penetration length and liquid fuel distribution have been analysed and they have been correlated with the exhaust gaseous and particulate matter emissions. In the spray-analysis in non-evaporative conditions, short events (pilot) are mostly affected by asymmetries in the fuel distributions with noticeable standard deviations at low injected quantities. In the engine tests, the jets reached immediately the stabilization. A comparative analysis on the liquid phase of the spray, in non-evaporative and evaporative conditions, has permitted to investigate better the mixture formation. Its effect on pollutant emissions has been analysed for both fuels.

Luigi Allocca; Ezio Mancaruso; Alessandro Montanaro; Luigi Sequino; Bianca Maria Vaglieco

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

An experimental study of gaseous exhaust emissions of diesel engine using blend of natural fatty acid methyl ester  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Vegetable oil form in Natural Fatty Acid Methyl Ester (FAME) has their own advantages: first of all they are available everywhere in the world. Secondly, they are renewable as the vegetables which produce oil seeds can be planted year after year. Thirdly, they are friendly with our environment, as they seldom contain sulphur element in them. This makes vegetable fuel studies become current among the various popular investigations. This study is attempt to optimization of using blend FAME on diesel engine by experimental laboratory. The investigation experimental project is comparison between using blend FAME and base diesel fuel. The engine experiment is conducted with YANMAR TF120M single cylinder four stroke diesel engine set-up at variable engine speed with constant load. The data have been taken at each point of engine speed during the stabilized engine-operating regime. Measurement of emissions parameters at difference engine speed conditions have generally indicated lower in emission NOx, but slightly higher on CO2 emission. The result also shown that the blends FAME are good in fuel consumption and potentially good substitute fuels for diesel engine

Agung Sudrajad; Ismail Ali; Khalid Samo; Danny Faturachman

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Investigation on combustion characteristics of crude rice bran oil methyl ester blend as a heavy duty automotive engine fuel  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the present work, an attempt was made to test the suitability of crude rice bran oil methyl ester (CRBME) blend as a heavy duty automotive engine fuel. A four stroke, six cylinder direct injection 117.6 kW turbo-charged compression ignition (CI) engine was used for the work. The operation of the engine with CRBME blend showed that the peak pressure increased with lower maximum rate of pressure rise and maximum heat release rate with shorter delay period. Burning rate of the CRBME blend was slower and required a higher crank angle to complete the combustion cycle when compared to diesel. The brake thermal efficiency of the CRBME blend was lower than that of diesel at all speeds except at 2300rpm. As the measured combustion and performance parameters for CRBME blend differs only by a smaller magnitude when compared with diesel, this investigation ensures the suitability of the CRBME blend as fuel for heavy duty automotive engine without any design modifications [Received: August 12, 2010; Accepted: August 29, 2010

S. Saravanan; G. Nagarajan; S. Sampath

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Definition Definition to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Definition Biodiesel is a renewable special fuel that is composed of mono-alkyl esters of long chain fatty acids, derived from vegetable oils or animal fats, and meets the requirements of the ASTM specification D6751. (Reference New

66

Prediction of Cloud Points of Biodiesel  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Prediction of Cloud Points of Biodiesel† ... Despite the lack of accurate data for the cloud points of biodiesel, the results obtained here allow for an adequate evaluation of the model proposed, showing that it can produce good predictions of the cloud points of mixtures of fatty acid esters. ... Because of its environmental benefits, resulting from a decrease in CO2 emissions, its origin from renewable resources, and the increase in crude oil costs, biodiesel is become increasingly attractive. ...

J. C. A. Lopes; L. Boros; M. A. Krähenbühl; A. J. A. Meirelles; J. L. Daridon; J. Pauly; I. M. Marrucho; J. A. P. Coutinho

2007-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

67

Experimental investigations of the performance, emission and combustion characteristics of a biodiesel (ethyl ester of fish oil) fuelled direct-injection diesel engine  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The thirst for fuel is steadily increasing as technology continues to open new areas of exploration. At the same time, the indiscriminate extraction of fossil fuels may also result in pollutant emissions which cause major impacts on ecological systems. In order to overcome the above problems, a suitable biodiesel should be used to replace the diesel fuel. Hence, in this work, feasibility of using biodiesel prepared from fish oil was investigated. Experimental tests were carried out to evaluate the performance, emission and combustion characteristics of a single cylinder, constant speed engine using several blends under variable load conditions. It was found that NOx, HC and CO emission was reduced for blends along with a marginal increase of brake thermal efficiency and smoke. The ignition delay and maximum heat release rate were reduced compared to diesel. Ultimately, fish oil can indeed become the appropriate source for biodiesel with environmental benefits.

G. Sakthivel; G. Nagarajan; M. Ilangkumaran

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Accurate and Reliable Quantification of Total Microalgal Fuel Potential as Fatty Acid Methyl Esters by in situ Transesterfication  

SciTech Connect

In the context of algal biofuels, lipids, or better aliphatic chains of the fatty acids, are perhaps the most important constituents of algal biomass. Accurate quantification of lipids and their respective fuel yield is crucial for comparison of algal strains and growth conditions and for process monitoring. As an alternative to traditional solvent-based lipid extraction procedures, we have developed a robust whole-biomass in situ transesterification procedure for quantification of algal lipids (as fatty acid methyl esters, FAMEs) that (a) can be carried out on a small scale (using 4-7 mg of biomass), (b) is applicable to a range of different species, (c) consists of a single-step reaction, (d) is robust over a range of different temperature and time combinations, and (e) tolerant to at least 50% water in the biomass. Unlike gravimetric lipid quantification, which can over- or underestimate the lipid content, whole biomass transesterification reflects the true potential fuel yield of algal biomass. We report here on the comparison of the yield of FAMEs by using different catalysts and catalyst combinations, with the acid catalyst HCl providing a consistently high level of conversion of fatty acids with a precision of 1.9% relative standard deviation. We investigate the influence of reaction time, temperature, and biomass water content on the measured FAME content and profile for 4 different samples of algae (replete and deplete Chlorella vulgaris, replete Phaeodactylum tricornutum, and replete Nannochloropsis sp.). We conclude by demonstrating a full mass balance closure of all fatty acids around a traditional lipid extraction process.

Laurens, L. M. L.; Quinn, M.; Van Wychen, S.; Templeton, D. W.; Wolfrum, E. J.

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition and Specification  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Definition Biodiesel Definition and Specification to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition and Specification on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition and Specification on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition and Specification on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition and Specification on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition and Specification on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition and Specification on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Definition and Specification Biodiesel is defined as a fuel that is comprised of mono-alkyl esters of

70

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition and Specifications  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Definition Biodiesel Definition and Specifications to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition and Specifications on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition and Specifications on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition and Specifications on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition and Specifications on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition and Specifications on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition and Specifications on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Definition and Specifications Biodiesel is defined as a fuel that is comprised only of mono-alkyl esters

71

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Green Diesel Definitions  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel and Green Biodiesel and Green Diesel Definitions to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Green Diesel Definitions on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Green Diesel Definitions on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Green Diesel Definitions on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Green Diesel Definitions on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Green Diesel Definitions on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Green Diesel Definitions on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel and Green Diesel Definitions Biodiesel is defined as a fuel that is comprised of mono-alkyl esters of

72

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Renewable Fuel Definitions  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel and Biodiesel and Renewable Fuel Definitions to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Renewable Fuel Definitions on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Renewable Fuel Definitions on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Renewable Fuel Definitions on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Renewable Fuel Definitions on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Renewable Fuel Definitions on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Renewable Fuel Definitions on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel and Renewable Fuel Definitions Biodiesel is defined as a renewable, biodegradable, mono alkyl ester

73

Biodiesel production using waste frying oil  

SciTech Connect

Research highlights: {yields} Waste sunflower frying oil is successfully converted to biodiesel using lipase as catalyst. {yields} Various process parameters that affects the conversion of transesterification reaction such as temperature, enzyme concentration, methanol: oil ratio and solvent are optimized. {yields} Inhibitory effect of methanol on lipase is reduced by adding methanol in three stages. {yields} Polar solvents like n-hexane and n-heptane increases the conversion of tranesterification reaction. - Abstract: Waste sunflower frying oil is used in biodiesel production by transesterification using an enzyme as a catalyst in a batch reactor. Various microbial lipases have been used in transesterification reaction to select an optimum lipase. The effects of various parameters such as temperature, methanol:oil ratio, enzyme concentration and solvent on the conversion of methyl ester have been studied. The Pseudomonas fluorescens enzyme yielded the highest conversion. Using the P. fluorescens enzyme, the optimum conditions included a temperature of 45 deg. C, an enzyme concentration of 5% and a methanol:oil molar ratio 3:1. To avoid an inhibitory effect, the addition of methanol was performed in three stages. The conversion obtained after 24 h of reaction increased from 55.8% to 63.84% because of the stage-wise addition of methanol. The addition of a non-polar solvent result in a higher conversion compared to polar solvents. Transesterification of waste sunflower frying oil under the optimum conditions and single-stage methanol addition was compared to the refined sunflower oil.

Charpe, Trupti W. [Chemical Engineering Department, Institute of Chemical Technology, Matunga, Mumbai 400 019 (India); Rathod, Virendra K., E-mail: vk.rathod@ictmumbai.edu.in [Chemical Engineering Department, Institute of Chemical Technology, Matunga, Mumbai 400 019 (India)

2011-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

74

Effect of palm methyl ester-diesel blends performance and emission of a single-cylinder direct-injection diesel engine  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The purpose of this study is to investigate engine performance and exhaust emission when using several blends of neat palm oil methyl ester (POME) with conventional diesel (D2) in a small direct injection diesel engine and to compare the outcomes to that of the D2 fuel. Engine performances exhaust emissions and some other important parameters were observed as a function of engine load and speed. In addition the effect of modifying compression ratio was also carried out in this study. From the engine experimental work neat and blended fuels behaved comparably to diesel (D2) in terms of fuel consumption thermal efficiency and rate of heat released. Smoke density showed better results than that emitted by D2 operating under similar conditions due to the presence of inherited oxygen and lower sulphur content in the biofuel and its blends. The emissions of CO CO2 and HC were also lower using blended mixtures and in its neat form. However NOx concentrations were found to be slight higher for POME and its blends and this was largely due to higher viscosity of POME and possibly the presence of nitrogen in the palm methyl ester. General observation indicates that biofuel blends can be use without many difficulties in this type of engine but for optimized operation minor modifications to the engine and its auxiliaries are required.

Mazlan Said; Azhar Abdul Aziz

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Recent Advances in Detailed Chemical Kinetic Models for Large Hydrocarbon and Biodiesel Transportation Fuels  

SciTech Connect

n-Hexadecane and 2,2,4,4,6,8,8-heptamethylnonane represent the primary reference fuels for diesel that are used to determine cetane number, a measure of the ignition property of diesel fuel. With the development of chemical kinetics models for these two primary reference fuels for diesel, a new capability is now available to model diesel fuel ignition. Also, we have developed chemical kinetic models for a whole series of large n-alkanes and a large iso-alkane to represent these chemical classes in fuel surrogates for conventional and future fuels. Methyl decanoate and methyl stearate are large methyl esters that are closely related to biodiesel fuels, and kinetic models for these molecules have also been developed. These chemical kinetic models are used to predict the effect of the fuel molecule size and structure on ignition characteristics under conditions found in internal combustion engines.

Westbrook, C K; Pitz, W J; Curran, H J; Herbinet, O; Mehl, M

2009-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

76

In-cylinder pressure characteristics of a CI engine using blends of diesel fuel and methyl esters of beef tallow  

SciTech Connect

A Cummins N14-410 diesel engine was operated on 12 fuels produced by blending methyl tallowate, methyl soyate, and ethanol with no. 2 diesel fuel. Engine in-cylinder pressure data were used to evaluate engine performance. Peak cylinder pressures for each fuel blend at all engine speeds were lower than peak pressure for diesel fuel with the exception of the 80% diesel, 13% methyl tallowate, and 7% ethanol; and the 80% diesel, 6.5% methyl tallowate, 6.5% methyl soyate and 7% ethanol blends. The indicated mean effective pressure (IMEP) values for all fuel blends were less than for diesel fuel. The differences in IMEP values correlated with differences in power output of the engine. Similarly, maximum rates of pressure rise for most fuel blends were less than for diesel fuel. It was concluded that the fuel blends used in this study would have no detrimental long-term effects on engine performance, wear, and knock. 6 refs., 4 figs., 7 tabs.

Ali, Y.; Hanna, M.A.; Borg, J.E. [Univ. of Nebraska, Lincoln, NE (United States)

1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

Synthesis and characterization of Sr3Al2O6 nanocomposite as catalyst for biodiesel production  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Sr–Al mixed oxides nanocomposite as Sr3Al2O6 was prepared by sol–gel method and used as a basic heterogeneous catalyst for transesterification of soybean oil to methyl esters (biodiesel) by methanol. The prepared catalyst was characterized using X-ray diffraction (XRD), Transmission electron microscope (TEM), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA/DTA), temperature-programmed desorption (TPD) and nitrogen adsorption–desorption techniques. The response surface methodology (RSM) based on the Box–Behnken design was employed to investigate the effects of methanol to oil molar ratio, reaction time, catalyst amount and specifically the effect of interaction between process variables on the conversion of oil to biodiesel. Results from this study revealed that individual as well as bilateral variables interactions significantly affect the yield of biodiesel. With this information, it was found that utilization of methanol to oil molar ratio of 25 and 1.3 wt.% of catalyst within reaction time of 61 min and gave the biodiesel yield of 95.7 ± 0.5%.

Elnaz Rashtizadeh; Faezeh Farzaneh; Zahra Talebpour

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Kinetic evaluation of the esterification of fatty acids to biodiesel  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The free fatty acids of cotton seed oil were processed with methanol and ethanol into the corresponding alkyl fatty esters in the presence of diluted sulfuric acid. The products characterized as biodiesels pre...

Frederico A. D. Araújo; Sonia V. Pereira…

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Biodiesel Basics (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

This fact sheet provides a brief introduction to biodiesel, including a discussion of biodiesel blends, which blends are best for which vehicles, where to buy biodiesel, how biodiesel compares to diesel fuel in terms of performance, how biodiesel performs in cold weather, whether biodiesel use will plug vehicle filters, how long-term biodiesel use may affect engines, biodiesel fuel standards, and whether biodiesel burns cleaner than diesel fuel. The fact sheet also dismisses the use of vegetable oil as a motor fuel.

Not Available

2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

A Detailed Chemical Kinetic Reaction Mechanism for Oxidation of Four Small Alkyl Esters in Laminar Premixed Flames  

SciTech Connect

A detailed chemical kinetic reaction mechanism has been developed for a group of four small alkyl ester fuels, consisting of methyl formate, methyl acetate, ethyl formate and ethyl acetate. This mechanism is validated by comparisons between computed results and recently measured intermediate species mole fractions in fuel-rich, low pressure, premixed laminar flames. The model development employs a principle of similarity of functional groups in constraining the H atom abstraction and unimolecular decomposition reactions in each of these fuels. As a result, the reaction mechanism and formalism for mechanism development are suitable for extension to larger oxygenated hydrocarbon fuels, together with an improved kinetic understanding of the structure and chemical kinetics of alkyl ester fuels that can be extended to biodiesel fuels. Variations in concentrations of intermediate species levels in these flames are traced to differences in the molecular structure of the fuel molecules.

Westbrook, C K; Pitz, W J; Westmoreland, P R; Dryer, F L; Chaos, M; Osswald, P; Kohse-Hoinghaus, K; Cool, T A; Wang, J; Yang, B; Hansen, N; Kasper, T

2008-02-08T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "methyl esters biodiesel" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Biodiesel production from used cooking oil and sea sand as heterogeneous catalyst  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The aim of this study was to analyze the catalytic performance of sea sand as a nonconventional catalyst in the transesterification reaction of used cooking oil and refined oil with methanol. The sea sand was utilized as a source of calcium oxide. The main characteristic of this sea sand is the high content of CaCO3 which was transformed into CaO by calcination. The catalyst was characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), nitrogen adsorption/desorption (BET) and by Hammett method (basicity determination). The produced biodiesel has 95.4% (polar + non polar methyl esters), 96.6% and 97.5% methyl esters content when employing used cooking oil, safflower oil and soybean oil, respectively. The obtained biodiesel at these conditions (atmospheric pressure, reaction temperature of 60 °C, 12:1 M ratio of methanol:oil and catalyst amount of 7.5%) met key parameters (viscosity: 4.2–5.0 mm2/s and acid value: 0.05–0.011 mg KOH/g) of the European norm EN-14214 (viscosity: 3.5–5.0 mm2/g and acid value: max. 0.50 mg KOH/g).

Gabriel Galván Muciño; Rubi Romero; Armando Ramírez; Sandra Luz Martínez; Ramiro Baeza-Jiménez; Reyna Natividad

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Storage Stability of Biodiesel and Biodiesel Blends  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Storage Stability of Biodiesel and Biodiesel Blends ... The biodiesels were selected to represent unstable material (D) with an induction time of 0.5 h and moderately stable material (B) with an induction time of 3.1 h. ...

Robert L. McCormick; Steven R. Westbrook

2009-10-16T23:59:59.000Z

83

Reduction of NOx emission on NiCrAl-Titanium Oxide coated direct injection diesel engine fuelled with radish (Raphanus sativus) biodiesel  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The main aim of this study is the experimental investigation of single cylinder DI diesel engine with and without coating. Diesel and radish (Raphanus sativus) oil Methyl Ester are used as fuels and the results are compared to find the effect of biodiesel in a thermal barrier coating engine. For this purpose engine cylinder head valves and piston crown are coated with 100??m of nickel-chrome-aluminium bond coat and 450??m of TiO2 by the plasma spray method. Radish oil methyl ester is produced by the transesterification process method. From the experimental investigation slight increase in specific fuel consumption in thermal barrier coating engine is observed when compared with the uncoated engine whereas NOx HC Smoke and CO emissions decreased with coated engine for all test fuels used in the coated engine when compared with that of the uncoated engine.

V. Ravikumar; D. Senthilkumar

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Response surface methodology based prediction of engine performance and exhaust emissions of a diesel engine fuelled with canola oil methyl ester  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of fuel injection timing and engine speed on engine performance and exhaust emission parameters using a diesel engine running on canola oil methyl ester (COME). COME was produced by means of the transesterification method and tested at full load with various engine speeds by changing fuel injection timing (12 15 and 18?°CA) in a turbocharged direct injection (TDI) diesel engine. The experiments were designed using response surface methodology (RSM) which is one of the well-known design of experiment technique for predicting the responses engine performance and exhaust emission parameters from a second order polynomial equation obtained by modeling the relation between fuel injection timing (t) and engine speed (n) parameters. By using the second order full quadratic RSM models obtained from experimental results responses brake power brake torque brake mean effective pressure brake specific fuel consumption brake thermal efficiency exhaust gas temperature oxygen (O2) oxides of nitrogen (NOx) carbon dioxide (CO2) carbon monoxide (CO) and light absorption coefficient (K) affected from factors t and n were able to be predicted by 95% confidence interval.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Detailed chemical kinetic oxidation mechanism for a biodiesel Olivier Herbineta  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

experiments in an engine and oxidation of rapeseed oil methyl esters in a jet- stirred reactor. An important to biofuels and due to the presence of the ester group in the reactant. The model also predicts ignition delay

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

86

Experimental and Kinetic Modeling Study of Extinction and Ignition of Methyl Decanoate in Laminar Nonpremixed Flows  

SciTech Connect

Methyl decanoate is a large methyl ester that can be used as a surrogate for biodiesel. In this experimental and computational study, the combustion of methyl decanoate is investigated in nonpremixed, nonuniform flows. Experiments are performed employing the counterflow configuration with a fuel stream made up of vaporized methyl decanoate and nitrogen, and an oxidizer stream of air. The mass fraction of fuel in the fuel stream is measured as a function of the strain rate at extinction, and critical conditions of ignition are measured in terms of the temperature of the oxidizer stream as a function of the strain rate. It is not possible to use a fully detailed mechanism for methyl decanoate to simulate the counterflow flames because the number of species and reactions is too large to employ with current flame codes and computer resources. Therefore a skeletal mechanism was deduced from a detailed mechanism of 8555 elementary reactions and 3036 species using 'directed relation graph' method. This skeletal mechanism has only 713 elementary reactions and 125 species. Critical conditions of ignition were calculated using this skeletal mechanism and are found to agree well with experimental data. The predicted strain rate at extinction is found to be lower than the measurements. In general, the methyl decanoate mechanism provides a realistic kinetic tool for simulation of biodiesel fuels.

Seshadri, K; Lu, T; Herbinet, O; Humer, S; Niemann, U; Pitz, W J; Law, C K

2008-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

87

Lipid content and fatty acid composition of Mediterranean macro-algae as dynamic factors for biodiesel production  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Summary Using the total lipid contents and fatty acid profiles, the marine macro-algae Jania rubens (Rhodophyceae), Ulva linza (Chlorophyceae) and Padina pavonica (Phaeophyceae) were evaluated for biodiesel production during the spring, summer and autumn. Seawater parameters such as pH, salinity and temperature were measured. The total lipid content varied from 1.56% (J. rubens) to 4.14% (U. linza) of dry weight, with the highest values occurring in spring. The fatty acid methyl ester profiles were analysed using gas chromatography. The highest percentage of total fatty acids was recorded in P. pavonica, with 6.2% in autumn, whereas the lowest was in J. rubens, with 68.6% in summer. The relative amount of saturated to unsaturated fatty acids was significantly higher in P. pavonica than in the other macro-algae. Seasonal variations in pH, salinity and temperature had no significant effect on the total lipid and fatty acid contents. Principal component analysis grouped brown and green algae together, whereas red alga grouped out. Furthermore, methyl ester profiles indicate that brown and green seaweeds are preferred, followed by red seaweeds, which appears to have little potential for oil-based products. Therefore, these seaweeds are not targets for biodiesel production.

Dahlia M. El Maghraby; Eman M. Fakhry

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Optimization of direct conversion of wet algae to biodiesel under supercritical methanol conditions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study demonstrated a one-step process for direct liquefaction and conversion of wet algal biomass containing about 90% of water to biodiesel under supercritical methanol conditions. This one-step process enables simultaneous extraction and transesterification of wet algal biomass. The process conditions are milder than those required for pyrolysis and prevent the formation of by-products. In the proposed process, fatty acid methyl esters (FAMEs) can be produced from polar phospholipids, free fatty acids, and triglycerides. A response surface methodology (RSM) was used to analyze the influence of the three process variables, namely, the wet algae to methanol (wt./vol.) ratio, the reaction temperature, and the reaction time, on the \\{FAMEs\\} conversion. Algal biodiesel samples were analyzed by ATR-FTIR and GC–MS. Based on the experimental analysis and RSM study, optimal conditions for this process are reported as: wet algae to methanol (wt./vol.) ratio of around 1:9, reaction temperature and time of about 255 °C, and 25 min respectively. This single-step process can potentially be an energy efficient and economical route for algal biodiesel production.

Prafulla D. Patil; Veera Gnaneswar Gude; Aravind Mannarswamy; Shuguang Deng; Peter Cooke; Stuart Munson-McGee; Isaac Rhodes; Pete Lammers; Nagamany Nirmalakhandan

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Recent progress in biodiesel production and testing at the University of Idaho  

SciTech Connect

Biodiesel from vegetable oil and animal fats has been studied at the University of Idaho since 1979. Recent research is directed toward developing and demonstrating commercial technologies. During the last year an on-road vehicle was driven coast-to-coast on Biodiesel for a total of 14,068 km (8742 miles). As part of this on-road testing, the vehicle was tested for emissions on a chassis dynamometer at the LA-MTA emissions test facility in Los Angeles, California. Tests included HC, CO, CO{sub 2}, NOx, and PM. The two cycles used in the tests included a modified arterial cycle and the EPA cycle for heavy duty vehicles. Biodiesel research has included producing both methyl and ethyl esters from tallow, canola, soybean oil and rapeseed oil. These eight fuels have been subjected to fuel characterization tests according to the ASAE proposed Engineering Practice, Reporting of Fuel Properties with Testing Diesel Engines and Alternative Fuels Derived from Biological Materials, X552; and short term injector coking tests and performance tests in a turbocharged, DI, CI engine. Two-hundred hour EMA endurance tests in 3-cylinder, DI, CI engines are in progress with each of the fuels.

Peterson, C.; Reece, D.; Thompson, J. [Univ. of Idaho, Moscow, ID (United States)] [and others

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Quality Parameters and Chemical Analysis for Biodiesel Produced in the United States in 2011  

SciTech Connect

Samples of biodiesel (B100) from producers and terminals in 2011were tested for critical properties: free and total glycerin, flash point, cloud point, oxidation stability, cold soak filterability, and metals. Failure rates for cold soak filterability and oxidation stability were below 5%. One sample failed flash point due to excess methanol. One sample failed oxidation stability and metal content. Overall, 95% of the samples from this survey met biodiesel quality specification ASTM D6751. In 2007, a sampling of B100 from production facilities showed that nearly 90% met D6751. In samples meeting D6751, calcium was found above the method detection limit in nearly half the samples. Feedstock analysis revealed half the biodiesel was produced from soy and half was from mixed feedstocks. The saturated fatty acid methyl ester concentration of the B100 was compared to the saturated monoglyceride concentration as a percent of total monoglyceride. The real-world correlation of these properties was very good. The results of liquid chromatograph measurement of monoglycerides were compared to ASTM D6751. Agreement between the two methods was good, particularly for total monoglycerides and unsaturated monoglycerides. Because only very low levels of saturated monoglycerides measured, the two methods had more variability, but the correlation was still acceptable.

Alleman, T. L.; Fouts, L.; Chupka, G.

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

A COMBINED REACTION/PRODUCT RECOVERY PROCESS FOR THE CONTINUOUS PRODUCTION OF BIODIESEL  

SciTech Connect

Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) and Nu-Energie, LLC entered into a Cooperative Research And Development Agreement (CRADA) for the purpose of demonstrating and deploying a novel technology for the continuous synthesis and recovery of biodiesel from the transesterification of triglycerides. The focus of the work was the demonstration of a combination Couette reactor and centrifugal separator - an invention of ORNL researchers - that facilitates both product synthesis and recovery from reaction byproducts in the same apparatus. At present, transesterification of triglycerides to produce biodiesel is performed in batch-type reactors with an excess of a chemical catalyst, which is required to achieve high reactant conversions in reasonable reaction times (e.g., 1 hour). The need for long reactor residence times requires use of large reactors and ancillary equipment (e.g., feed and product tankage), and correspondingly large facilities, in order to obtain the economy of scale required to make the process economically viable. Hence, the goal of this CRADA was to demonstrate successful, extended operation of a laboratory-scale reactor/separator prototype to process typical industrial reactant materials, and to design, fabricate, and test a production-scale unit for deployment at the biodiesel production site. Because of its ease of operation, rapid attainment of steady state, high mass transfer and phase separation efficiencies, and compact size, a centrifugal contactor was chosen for intensification of the biodiesel production process. The unit was modified to increase the residence time from a few seconds to minutes*. For this application, liquid phases were introduced into the reactor as separate streams. One was composed of the methanol and base catalyst and the other was the soy oil used in the experiments. Following reaction in the mixing zone, the immiscible glycerine and methyl ester products were separated in the high speed rotor and collected from separate ports. Results from laboratory operations showed that the ASTM specification for bound acylglycerides was achieved only at extended reaction times ({approx}25 min) using a single-stage batch contact at elevated temperature and pressure. In the single-pass configuration, the time required gives no throughput advantage over the current batch reaction process. The limitation seems to be the presence of glycerine, which hinders complete conversion because of reversible reactions. Significant improvement in quality was indicated after a second and third passes, where product from the first stage was collected and separated from the glycerine, and further reacted with a minor addition of methanol. Chemical kinetics calculations suggest that five consecutive stages of 2 min residence time would produce better than ASTM specification fuel with no addition of methanol past the first stage. Additional stages may increase the capital investment, but the increase should be offset by reduced operating costs and a factor of 3 higher throughput. Biodiesel, a mixture of methyl esters, is made commercially from the transesterification of oil, often soy oil (see Reaction 1). The kinetics of the transesterification process is rapid; however, multiphase separations after the synthesis of the fuel can be problematic. Therefore, the process is typically run in batch mode. The biodiesel fuel and the glycerine product take several hours to separate. In addition, to push yields to completion, an excess of methoxide catalyst is typically used, which has to be removed from both the biodiesel and the glycerine phase after reaction. Washing steps are often employed to remove free fatty acids, which can lead to undesirable saponification. Standards for biodiesel purity are based either on the removal of contaminants before the oil feedstock is esterified or on the separation of unwanted by-products. Various methods have been examined to enhance either the pretreatment of biodiesel feedstocks or the posttreatment of reaction products, including the use of a cavitation reactor in the process i

Birdwell, J.F., Jr.; McFarlane, J.; Schuh, D.L.; Tsouris, C; Day, J.N. (Nu-Energie, LLC); Hullette, J.N. (Nu-Energie, LLC)

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Creating Biodiesel & Mitigating Waste  

K-12 Energy Lesson Plans and Activities Web site (EERE)

Safety practices for handling the materials involved in producing biodiesel fuel cannot be overemphasized, especially if students attempt to synthesize biodiesel outside of class.

93

Water Content in Biodiesel, Diesel, and Biodiesel–Diesel Blends  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Water Content in Biodiesel, Diesel, and Biodiesel–Diesel Blends ... In what concerns road transportation, biodiesel is being considered a good alternative to conventional diesels. ...

Patricia Bogalhos Lucente Fregolente; Leonardo Vasconcelos Fregolente; Maria Regina Wolf Maciel

2012-05-17T23:59:59.000Z

94

Effect of the use of olive–pomace oil biodiesel/diesel fuel blends in a compression ignition engine: Preliminary exergy analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Although biodiesel is among the most studied biofuels for diesel engines, it is usually produced from edible oils, which gives way to controversy between the use of land for fuel and food. For this reason, residues like olive–pomace oil are considered alternative raw materials to produce biodiesel that do not compete with the food industry. To gain knowledge about the implications of its use, olive–pomace oil methyl ester, straight and blended with diesel fuel, was evaluated as fuel in a direct injection diesel engine Perkins AD 3-152 and compared to the use of fossil diesel fuel. Performance curves were analyzed at full load and different speed settings. To perform the exergy balance of the tested fuels, the operating conditions corresponding to maximum engine power values were considered. It was found that the tested fuels offer similar performance parameters. When straight biodiesel was used instead of diesel fuel, maximum engine power decreased to 5.6%, while fuel consumption increased up to 7%. However, taking into consideration the Second Law of the Thermodynamics, the exergy efficiency and unitary exergetic cost reached during the operation of the engine under maximum power condition for the assessed fuels do not display significant differences. Based on the exergy results, it may be concluded that olive–pomace oil biodiesel and its blends with diesel fuel may substitute the use of diesel fuel in compression ignition engines without any exergy cost increment.

I. López; C.E. Quintana; J.J. Ruiz; F. Cruz-Peragón; M.P. Dorado

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Intensification of biodiesel production from waste goat tallow using infrared radiation: Process evaluation through response surface methodology and artificial neural network  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract For the first time, an efficient simultaneous trans/esterification process for biodiesel synthesis from waste goat tallow with considerable free fatty acids (FFAs) content has been explored employing an infrared radiation assisted reactor (IRAR). The impacts of methanol to tallow molar ratio, IRAR temperature and H2SO4 concentration on goat tallow conversion were evaluated by response surface methodology (RSM). Under optimal conditions, 96.7% FFA conversion was achieved within 2.5 h at 59.93 wt.% H2SO4, 69.97 °C IRAR temperature and 31.88:1 methanol to tallow molar ratio. The experimental results were also modeled using artificial neural network (ANN) and marginal improvement in modeling efficiency was observed in comparison with RSM. The infrared radiation strategy could significantly accelerate the conversion process as demonstrated through a substantial reduction in reaction time compared to conventionally heated reactor while providing appreciably high biodiesel yield. Moreover, the in situ water removal using silica-gel adsorbent could also facilitate achieving higher FFA conversion to fatty acid methyl ester (FAME). Owing to the occurrence of simultaneous transesterification of triglycerides present in goat tallow, overall 98.5 wt.% FAME content was determined at optimal conditions in the product biodiesel which conformed to ASTM and EN biodiesel specifications.

R. Chakraborty; H. Sahu

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

The Potential of Biodiesel with Improved Properties to an Alternative Energy Mix  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Fuels derived from renewable biological sources (biomass) are prominent among the sustainable energy sources. Biodiesel, the mono-alkyl esters of vegetable oils or animal fats, is one of the significant biomas...

Gerhard Knothe

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Fuels - Biodiesel  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

* Biodiesel * Biodiesel * Butanol * Ethanol * Hydrogen * Natural Gas * Fischer-Tropsch Batteries Cross-Cutting Assessments Engines GREET Hybrid Electric Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Materials Modeling, Simulation & Software Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles PSAT Smart Grid Student Competitions Transportation Research and Analysis Computing Center Working With Argonne Contact TTRDC Clean Diesel Fuels Background Reducing our country's dependence on foreign oil and the rising costs of crude oil are primary reasons for a renewed interest in alternative fuels for the transportation sector. Stringent emissions regulations and public concern about mobile sources of air pollution provide additional incentives to develop fuels that generate fewer emissions, potentially reducing the need for sophisticated, expensive exhaust after-treatment devices.

98

Tallow Biodiesel: Properties Evaluation and Consumption Tests in a Diesel Engine  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Tallow Biodiesel: Properties Evaluation and Consumption Tests in a Diesel Engine ... Then, the mixture of alkyl esters of fatty acids from vegetable oils or animal fats is named biodiesel and used in diesel engines, pure or blended with mineral diesel. ... Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research (1998), 37 (9), 3768-3771 CODEN: IECRED; ISSN:0888-5885. ...

Maria Silvana Aranda Moraes; Laiza Canielas Krause; Michele Espinosa da Cunha; Candice Shimitt Faccini; Eliana Weber de Menezes; Renato Cataluña Veses; Maria Regina Alves Rodrigues; Elina Bastos Caramão

2008-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

99

Quality Assessment of Biodiesel and Biodiesel Blends | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Quality Assessment of Biodiesel and Biodiesel Blends Quality Assessment of Biodiesel and Biodiesel Blends The results of a quality survey of B20 fuel in the United States were...

100

Biodiesel Produced by Ethanolysis: Melting Profile, Densities, and Viscosities  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Although biorenewable and sustainable ethanol is appealing and the fatty acid profiles of crambe, fodder radish, coconut, and macauba oils are proper for biodiesel production, there is little data regarding the physical properties of biodiesels produced by ethanolysis from these promising raw materials. ... Therefore, the objectives of the present work were to present the experimental densities and viscosities for biodiesels produced by ethanolysis from crambe oil (BPECr), fodder radish oil (BPEFR), coconut oil (BPEC), and macauba pulp oil (BPEMP) at temperatures up to 363.2 K, to compare the experimental data with calculated viscosities from the models proposed by Ceriani et al.(13) and Basso et al.(11) as well as with the densities calculated using the GCVOL model(14) and a systematized predictive methodology(11) based on the method proposed by Halvorsen et al.,(15) to determine, using differential scanning calorimetry, the melting profile of these four promising biofuels, and to correlate the three studied physical properties to the ethyl ester composition of each biodiesel. ... All biodiesels have low contents of polyunsaturated ethyl esters, a favorable characteristic for biodiesel because the oxidative stability decreases with increase of the unsaturation level. ...

Rodrigo C. Basso; Antônio J. A. Meirelles; Eduardo A. C. Batista

2013-09-03T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "methyl esters biodiesel" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Influence of Fatty Acid Structure on Fuel Properties of Algae Derived Biodiesel  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Physical and chemical properties of biofuel are influenced by structural features of fatty acid such as chain length, degree of unsaturation and branching of the chain. A simple and reliable calculation method to estimate fuel property is therefore needed to avoid experimental testing which is difficult, costly and time consuming. Typically in commercial biodiesel production such testing is done for every batch of fuel produced. In this study 9 different algae species were selected that were likely to be suitable for subtropical climates. The fatty acid methyl esters (FAMEs) of all algae species were analysed and the fuel properties like cetane number (CN), cold filter plugging point (CFPP), kinematic viscosity (KV), density and higher heating value (HHV) were determined. The relation of each fatty acid with particular fuel property is analysed using multivariate and multi-criteria decision method (MCDM) software. They showed that some fatty acids have major influences on the fuel properties whereas others have minimal influence. Based on the fuel properties and amounts of lipid content rank order is drawn by PROMETHEE-GAIA which helped to select the best algae species for biodiesel production in subtropical climates. Three species had fatty acid profiles that gave the best fuel properties although only one of these (Nannochloropsis oculata) is considered the best choice because of its higher lipid content.

Muhammad Aminul Islam; Godwin A. Ayoko; Richard Brown; Doug Stuart; Kirsten Heimann

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Biodiesel Production from Rubber Seed Oil using Activated Cement Clinker as Catalyst  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents the potential of limestone based catalyst for transesterification of high free fatty acid (FFA) rubber seed oil (RSO). Pre-calcinated limestone known as clinker was activated using methanol and transesterification was performed under reflux with constant stirring. Mineral composition of the catalyst was analysed using x-ray fluorescence (XRF) with in build x-ray diffraction (XRD). The rubber seed oil was obtained using both microwave and soxhlet extraction using hexane as solvent. FFA content and fatty acid methyl ester content were determined using gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GC-MS). The results showed an efficient conversion (up to 96.9%) of high FFA rubber seed oil to biodiesel. The results suggest that the catalyst employed in this work is not negatively affected by moisture and free fatty acids and can be recycled very easily without significant loss in its activity. The highest conversion of 96.9% was achieved from catalyst activated at 700 °C, with catalyst loading of 5 wt. %; methanol to oil molar ratio of 4:1; reaction temperature of 65 °C and reaction time of 4 hours. The biodiesel produced in this work is within the limits of specification described by American standard test method (ASTM D6751).

Jolius Gimbun; Shahid Ali; Chitra Charan Suri Charan Kanwal; Liyana Amer Shah; Nurul Hidayah Muhamad @ Ghazali; Chin Kui Cheng; Said Nurdin

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Production of biodiesel from Vietnamese Jatropha curcas oil by a co-solvent method  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Biodiesel fuels (BDFs) was successfully produced from Vietnamese Jatropha curcas oil with high content of free fatty acids (FFAs) in two stages. In the first stage, the esterification process was carried out with the optimal conditions as follows; a methanol-to-FFAs molar ratio of 6:1, 1 wt% H2SO4, at a temperature of 65 °C, and using 30% (wt/wt) acetonitrile as co-solvent. This step reduced the concentration of \\{FFAs\\} in the reaction mixture from 15.93 to 2 wt% in 60 min. In the second stage, the transesterification process generated fatty acid methyl esters (FAMEs) with 99% efficiency was performed in 30 min with the optimal conditions as follows; a methanol-to-oil molar ratio of 6:1, 1 wt% KOH, at a temperature of 40 °C, and 20% (wt/wt) acetone as co-solvent. The produced biodiesel quality meets the standards JIS K2390 and EN 14214 regarding FAME yield, \\{FFAs\\} and water contents.

Phuong Duc Luu; Hoa Thi Truong; Boi Van Luu; Lan Ngoc Pham; Kyoshi Imamura; Norimichi Takenaka; Yasuaki Maeda

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Graphene composite for improvement in the conversion efficiency of flexible poly 3-hexyl-thiophene:[6,6]-phenyl C{sub 71} butyric acid methyl ester polymer solar cells  

SciTech Connect

The solution of thin graphene-sheets obtained from a simple ultrasonic exfoliation process was found to chemically interact with [6,6]-phenyl C{sub 71} butyric acid methyl ester (PCBM) molecules. The thinner graphene-sheets have significantly altered the positions of highest occupied molecular orbital and lowest unoccupied molecular orbital of PCBM, which is beneficial for the enhancement of the open circuit voltage of the solar cells. Flexible bulk heterojunction solar cells fabricated using poly 3-hexylthiophene (P3HT):PCBM-graphene exhibited a power conversion efficiency of 2.51%, which is a ?2-fold increase as compared to those fabricated using P3HT:PCBM. Inclusion of graphene-sheets not only improved the open-circuit voltage but also enhanced the short-circuit current density owing to an improved electron transport.

Chauhan, A. K., E-mail: akchau@barc.gov.in, E-mail: akc.barc@gmail.com; Gusain, Abhay; Jha, P.; Koiry, S. P.; Saxena, Vibha; Veerender, P.; Aswal, D. K.; Gupta, S. K. [Technical Physics Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Trombay, Mumbai-400085 (India)

2014-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

105

Biodiesel production from algae cultivated in winter with artificial wastewater through pH regulation by acetic acid  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Algae have been considered as a promising biodiesel feedstock. One of the major factors affecting large-scale algae technology application is poor wintering cultivation performance. In this study, an integrated approach is investigated combining freshwater microalgae Chlorella zofingiensis wintering cultivation in pilot-scale photobioreactors with artificial wastewater treatment. Mixotrophic culture with the addition of acetic acid (pH-regulation group) and autotrophic culture (control group) were designed, and the characteristics of algal growth, lipid and biodiesel production, and nitrogen and phosphate removal were examined. The results showed that, by using acetic acid three times per day to regulate pH at between 6.8 and 7.2, the total nitrogen (TN) and total phosphate (TP) removal could be increased from 45.2% to 73.5% and from 92.2% to 100%, respectively. Higher biomass productivity of 66.94 mg L?1 day?1 with specific growth rate of 0.260 day?1 was achieved in the pH-regulation group. The lipid content was much higher when using acetic acid to regulate pH, and the relative lipid productivity reached 37.48 mg L?1 day?1. The biodiesel yield in the pH-regulated group was 19.44% of dry weight, with 16–18 carbons as the most abundant composition for fatty acid methyl esters. The findings of the study prove that pH adjustment using acetic acid is efficient in cultivating C. zofingiensis in wastewater in winter for biodiesel production and nutrient reduction.

Liandong Zhu; Erkki Hiltunen; Qing Shu; Weizheng Zhou; Zhaohua Li; Zhongming Wang

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Effect of Biodiesel Blending on the Speciation of Soluble Organic Fraction from a Light Duty Diesel Engine  

SciTech Connect

Soy methyl ester (SME) biodiesel was volumetrically blended with 2007 certification ultra low sulfur diesel (ULSD) fuel and run in a 1.7L direct-injection common rail diesel engine at one speed-load point (1500rpm, 2.6bar BMEP). Engine fueling rate and injection timing were adjusted to maintain a constant load, while particulate samples were collected in a diesel particulate filter (DPF) and with a dilution tunnel sampling train. The samples collected at these two locations were found to contain different levels of soluble organic fraction (SOF) and the different hydrocarbon species in the SOF. This observation indicates that traditional SOF measurements, in light of the specific sampling procedure used, may not be appropriate to DPF applications.

Strzelec, Andrea [ORNL] [ORNL; Storey, John Morse [ORNL] [ORNL; Lewis Sr, Samuel Arthur [ORNL] [ORNL; Daw, C Stuart [ORNL] [ORNL; Foster, Prof. Dave [University of Wisconsin] [University of Wisconsin; Rutland, Prof. Christopher J. [University of Wisconsin] [University of Wisconsin

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

Effect of Fuel Injection Timing on the Emissions of a Direct-Injection (DI) Diesel Engine Fueled with Canola Oil Methyl Ester?Diesel Fuel Blends  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

(3, 4) A lot of researchers have reported that using biodiesel as a fuel in diesel engines causes a diminution in harmful exhaust emissions as well as equivalent engine performance with diesel fuel. ... Engine tests have been carried out with the aim of obtaining comparative measures of torque, power, specific fuel consumption and emissions such as CO, smoke d. and NOx to evaluate and compute the behavior of the diesel engine running on the above-mentioned fuels. ... Ma, Z.; Huang, Z. H.; Li, C.; Wang, X. B.; Miao, H.Effects of fuel injection timing on combustion and emission characteristics of a diesel engine fueled with diesel?propane blends Energy Fuels 2007, 21 ( 3) 1504– 1510 ...

Cenk Sayin; Metin Gumus; Mustafa Canakci

2010-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

108

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Biodiesel Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel on AddThis.com... More in this section... Biodiesel Basics Benefits & Considerations Stations Vehicles Laws & Incentives Biodiesel Fuel Prices Find biodiesel fuel prices and trends. Biodiesel is a domestically produced, renewable fuel that can be manufactured from vegetable oils, animal fats, or recycled restaurant

109

Biodiesel From Uncommon Fatty Acids  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......applications for these novel biodiesel, and examples are...diesel, such as biodiesel blends and in the...September 27, 2007 ("Process and applications of biodiesel from uncommon fatty...quantitative and sensory evaluation. Biosci. Biotech......

José Domingos Fontana

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Biodiesel Safety and Best Management  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

........................................................................... 1 FuelOptionsfromBiomassOilFeedstocks ......................... 1 Using biodiesel fuel. Biodiesel is a clean, renewable fuel that can be made from various biomass oil feedstocks

Lee, Dongwon

111

Experimental Investigation of Optimal Timing of the Diesel Engine Injection Pump Using Biodiesel Fuel  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

University of Maribor, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Smetanova 17, SI-2000 Maribor ... Compared to mineral diesel, biodiesel and biodiesel blends in general show lower CO, smoke, and HC emissions but higher NOx emission and higher specific fuel consumption. ... In this sense, to gain knowledge about the implications of its use, waste olive oil Me ester was evaluated as a fuel for diesel engines during a 50 h short-term performance test in a diesel direct-injection Perkins engine. ...

Breda Kegl

2006-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

112

Esters of propane-1,3-diboric and propane-1,3-dithioboric acids  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The polymer formed by hydroborating boron-trialkyl reacts with methyl borate, giving the tetramethyl ester of propane-1,3-diboric acid.

B. M. Mikhailov; V. F. Pozdnev

1962-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blends  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Blends to Blends to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blends on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blends on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blends on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blends on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blends on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blends on AddThis.com... More in this section... Biodiesel Basics Blends Production & Distribution Specifications Related Links Benefits & Considerations Stations Vehicles Laws & Incentives Biodiesel Blends Biodiesel can be blended and used in many different concentrations, including B100 (pure biodiesel), B20 (20% biodiesel, 80% petroleum diesel),

114

Biodiesel R&D at NREL  

SciTech Connect

Discusses NREL's biodiesel research priorities and some current research results, including those concerning biodiesel quality and stability.

McCormick, R.; Alleman, T.; Barnitt, R.; Clark, W.; Hayes, B.; Ireland, J.; Proc, K.; Ratcliff, M.; Thornton, M.; Whitacre, S.; Williams, A.

2006-02-06T23:59:59.000Z

115

Monthly Biodiesel Production Report  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly Biodiesel Production Monthly Biodiesel Production Report November 2013 With Data for September 2013 Independent Statistics & Analysis www.eia.gov U.S. Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Monthly Biodiesel Production Report This report was prepared by the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), the statistical and analytical agency within the U.S. Department of Energy. By law, EIA's data, analyses, and forecasts are independent of approval by any other officer or employee of the United States Government. The views in this report therefore should not be construed as representing those of the Department of Energy or

116

Estimation of Density of Biodiesel  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In addition, the numeric value for coefficient e is very small (?0.00001) and the nd(ave) of most biodiesels are not greater than 2. Therefore, the product of e × nd(ave) can be neglected without affecting the accuracy of the calculation and eq 30 is good for estimation of density of biodiesel. ... Interestingly, the %AAD for mixed biodiesel (0.38) is lower than those of pure (0.41%) and total biodiesels. ... (21) The model cannot differentiate a mixed biodiesel from pure biodiesels. ...

Suriya Phankosol; Kaokanya Sudaprasert; Supathra Lilitchan; Kornkanok Aryusuk; Kanit Krisnangkura

2014-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

117

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Related Links  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Biodiesel Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Related Links to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Related Links on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Related Links on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Related Links on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Related Links on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Related Links on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Related Links on AddThis.com... More in this section... Biodiesel Basics Blends Production & Distribution Specifications Related Links Benefits & Considerations Stations Vehicles Laws & Incentives

118

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fueling Stations  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Fueling Fueling Stations to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fueling Stations on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fueling Stations on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fueling Stations on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fueling Stations on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fueling Stations on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fueling Stations on AddThis.com... More in this section... Biodiesel Basics Benefits & Considerations Stations Locations Infrastructure Development Vehicles Laws & Incentives Biodiesel Fueling Stations Photo of a biodiesel fueling station. Hundreds of biodiesel fueling stations are available in the United States.

119

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Specifications  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Biodiesel Specifications to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Specifications on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Specifications on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Specifications on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Specifications on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Specifications on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Specifications on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Specifications Biodiesel produced or sold in the state, including for the purpose of blending with petroleum diesel, must meet ASTM specification D6751.

120

Pacific Biodiesel: Renewable and Sustainable  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Meeting Meeting April 20-21, 2011 Pacific Biodiesel, Inc. Kelly King, VP Renewable and Sustainable The Pacific Biodiesel Ohana  A fuel for any diesel engine  Non-toxic and Biodegradable  Non-flammable  100% renewable / recycled  Superior lubrication  Low emissions  Ultra Low Sulfur (15 ppm)  Meets or exceeds ASTM D6751 What is Biodiesel? What biodiesel is not: * Biodiesel is not vegetable oil that has simply been filtered * Biodiesel is not a fuel that requires costly modifications to your diesel engine * Biodiesel itself does not contain any fossil fuel product (although it can be mixed with petroleum diesel at any percentage rate) * Biodiesel does not involve gasification, micro-waves or pyrolysis * Not made from starchy feedstock (ethanol)

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "methyl esters biodiesel" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Pacific Biodiesel: Renewable and Sustainable  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Presentation covers the Pacific Biodiesel topic and is given at the Spring 2011 Federal Utility Partnership Working Group (FUPWG) meeting.

122

Biodiesel Buccaneers Brodie Burke Sara  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

cost than buying biodiesel/petroleum diesel at the pump in Olympia? How does methanol compare/27 tests and a wash batch Attempted to run the biodiesel in a 1 cylinder model engine to test power about dual diesel engine conversion for WVO Burke would like to study fish oil for biodiesel use

123

A Review of Chromatographic Characterization Techniques for Biodiesel and Biodiesel Blends  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......determination of the biodiesel content of...blends of biodiesel in conventional...Sciences and Engineering Division...characterization of biodiesel and its blends...addressed. Introduction Biodiesel...commercial fuels. These fuels......

R. E. Pauls

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

biodiesel | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

biodiesel biodiesel Dataset Summary Description This dataset presents summary information related to world biofuels production. It is part of a supporting dataset for the book World On the Edge: How to Prevent Environmental and Economic Collapse by Lester R. Source Earth Policy Institute Date Released January 12th, 2011 (3 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords biodiesel Biofuels ethanol EU world Data application/vnd.ms-excel icon Summary biofuels data in Excel, multiple tabs with different data (xls, 112.1 KiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Time Period License License Open Data Commons Attribution License Comment "Reuse of our data is permitted. We merely ask that wherever it is listed, it be appropriately cited"

125

Snohomish County Biodiesel Project  

SciTech Connect

Snohomish County in western Washington State began converting its vehicle fleet to use a blend of biodiesel and petroleum diesel in 2005. As prices for biodiesel rose due to increased demand for this cleaner-burning fuel, Snohomish County looked to its farmers to ���¢��������grow���¢������� this fuel locally. Suitable seed crops that can be crushed to extract oil for use as biodiesel feedstock include canola, mustard, and camelina. The residue, or mash, has high value as an animal feed. County farmers began with 52 acres of canola and mustard crops in 2006, increasing to 250 acres and 356 tons in 2008. In 2009, this number decreased to about 150 acres and 300 tons due to increased price for mustard seed.

Terrill Chang; Deanna Carveth

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Definition Biodiesel Definition to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Definition Biodiesel is defined as a renewable, biodegradable fuel derived from agricultural plant oils or animal fats that meet ASTM specification D6751. Blended biodiesel is a blend of biodiesel with petroleum diesel fuel so

127

Genomic Prospecting for Microbial Biodiesel Production  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Program: Biodiesel from Algae” [http://www1.eere.energy.gov/on the production of biodiesel from algae grown in ponds,algae is unknown. An important observation with regard to the possibility of microbial biodiesel

Lykidis, Athanasios

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Biodiesel Fuel Basics | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Biodiesel Fuel Basics Biodiesel Fuel Basics July 30, 2013 - 2:43pm Addthis Biodiesel is a domestically produced, renewable fuel that can be manufactured from vegetable oils, animal...

129

Synthesis of Biodiesel via Acid Catalysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Synthesis of Biodiesel via Acid Catalysis ... Biodiesel is synthesized via the transesterification of lipid feedstocks with low molecular weight alcohols. ... Nonetheless, acid-catalyzed processes could produce biodiesel from low-cost feedstocks, lowering production costs. ...

Edgar Lotero; Yijun Liu; Dora E. Lopez; Kaewta Suwannakarn; David A. Bruce; James G. Goodwin, Jr.

2005-01-25T23:59:59.000Z

130

Biodiesel Production from Greenseed Canola Oil  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Biodiesel Production from Greenseed Canola Oil† ... Biodiesel properties are comparable to those of fossil-based diesel fuel, and biodiesels can be produced from animal fats or vegetable oils; thus, they are renewable. ...

Titipong Issariyakul; Ajay K. Dalai

2010-02-04T23:59:59.000Z

131

Algae Biodiesel: Commercialization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

be grown year around 11 · Can grow algae in produced water from oil and gas wells. This water is considered · Understand need for adequate quantities of economically renewable feedstock that produces an oil which can testing 5/2006 ·Made first biodiesel from local freshwater algae 6/2006 ·Inoculated first outdoor tank 8

Tullos, Desiree

132

Evaluating the use of EN 14078 for determination of biodiesel in diesel blends sold in the Brazilian market  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In Brazil, the National Agency of Petroleum, Natural Gas and Biofuels (ANP) is a regulatory agency responsible for monitoring the distribution and sale of fuels. After the introduction of biodiesel in Brazil, problems began to emerge as well as questions regarding the quality of diesel fuel in the country. One of the problems is related to the determination of biodiesel content in the diesel available in fuel stations. This work shows that biodiesel prepared from different feedstock during storage suffers oxidative degradation leading to different oxygenated compounds. The presence of these biodiesel oxidation products affects the accuracy of the result provided by the standard method EN 14078 in relation to the content of biodiesel in diesel. The result showed determination errors of almost 100%. Indeed, a B5 blend after accelerated oxidation was determined using EN 14078 as B10. Another problem observed using EN 14078 was that in countries like Brazil, where different oleaginous or alcohol are used to produce biodiesel, it is mandatory to calibrate the method with the same biodiesel present in diesel blends. Indeed, it was observed important changes in the position of the stretching related to the ester carboxyl group according to the raw materials used to prepare the biofuel, leading to significant errors in the biodiesel content determination.

David M.M. Pinho; Vianey O. Santos Jr.; Vitor M.L. dos Santos; Maria C.S. Oliveira; Monica T. da Silva; Patrícia G.T. Piza; Angelo C. Pinto; Michelle J.C. Rezende; Paulo A.Z. Suarez

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

A SOLID CATALYST METHOD FOR BIODIESEL PRODUCTION.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Biodiesel has considerable production potential as a renewable source of energy. The conventional processes use soluble alkali catalysts that contaminate the biodiesel and glycerol products,… (more)

Kannan, Dheeban Chakrvarthi

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Blue Sun Biodiesel | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Biodiesel Place: Fort Collins, Colorado Zip: 80525 Product: Privately held Blue Sun Biodiesel is a breakthrough agriculture energy company, developing oilseed energy crops and...

135

Characterization of Biodiesel and Biodiesel Particulate Matter by TG, TG?MS, and FTIR  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Characterization of Biodiesel and Biodiesel Particulate Matter by TG, TG?MS, and FTIR ... Pure vegetable oil biodiesels (rapeseed and soybean) were significantly more effective in the cleanup of oiled sands (?96%) than recycled waste cooking oil biodiesel (70%). ... To minimize use of biodiesels synthesized from edible oils, such as palm oil, because of the raising food versus fuel issue, palm biodiesel (PBD) was blended in different weight ratios with biodiesels synthesized from tree-borne non-edible oil seeds, ... ...

Yi-Chi Chien; Mingming Lu; Ming Chai; F. James Boreo

2008-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

136

Synthesis of biodiesel from vegetable oils wastewater sludge by in-situ subcritical methanol transesterification: Process evaluation and optimization  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Biodiesel are gaining increased public and scientific attention as an alternative to petroleum diesel fuel, driven by factors such as oil price spikes, energy security and environmental concerns. In this study, low grade wastewater sludge originated from wastewater treatment unit of vegetable oil factory as a viable alternative lipid source for biodiesel production was evaluated. The lipid mass fraction of the dry and ash-free sludge was 12.44 ± 0.87%, which mainly comprised of C16–C18 fatty acids. The in-situ transesterification process under subcritical water and methanol conditions was applied as a green pathway to convert lipids into fatty acid methyl esters (FAMEs). The reaction parameters investigated were temperatures (155–215 °C), pressures (5.5–6.5 MPa) and methanol to lipid mass ratios (1:1, 5:1 and 9:1). The highest FAME yield of 92.67 ± 3.23% was obtained at 215 °C, 6.5 MPa and methanol to lipid mass ratio of 5:1. Statistical analysis based on response surface methodology in 3-factor-3-level central composite designed experiments and analysis of variance were applied to examine the relation between input parameters and the response and to locate the optimum condition. Results showed that 98% of the variability in the response could be adequately explained by the second-order polynomial model. The optimum FAME yield (90.37%) was obtained at 215 °C, 6.5 MPa and methanol to lipid mass ratio of 5.12:1. Experimental validation (N = 3) demonstrated satisfactory agreement between the observed and predicted values with an error of at most 3.3%.

Farrel Gunawan; Alfin Kurniawan; Iwan Gunawan; Yi-Hsu Ju; Aning Ayucitra; Felycia E. Soetaredjo; Suryadi Ismadji

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Biodiesel Production from Freshwater Algae  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Biodiesel Production from Freshwater Algae ... Biodiesel derived from algae had a fuel value with the following characteristics: density, 0.801 kg/L; ash content, 0.21%; flash point, 98 °C; pour point, ?14 °C; cetane number, 52; minimum gross calorific value, 40 MJ/kg; and water content, 0.02 vol?%. ... For quite a long period, the production of hydrogen, methane, vegetable oils (triglycerides, for biodiesel), hydrocarbons, and ethanol from algae were in focus as potential biofuels. ...

Krishnan Vijayaraghavan; K. Hemanathan

2009-08-28T23:59:59.000Z

138

Microsoft Word - Biodiesel.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

9 9 1 April 2009 Short-Term Energy Outlook Supplement: Biodiesel Supply and Consumption in the Short-Term Energy Outlook 1 Introduction The historical biodiesel consumption data published in the EIA Monthly Energy Review (http://www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/mer/contents.html) March 2009 edition were revised to account for imports and exports. Table 10.4 of the Monthly Energy Review was expanded to display biodiesel imports, exports, stocks, stock change, and consumption. Similar revisions were made in the April 2009 edition of the Short-Term Energy Outlook (STEO). Biodiesel production, net imports, and consumption history and forecasts have been added to the STEO Custom Table

139

Biodiesel 2014: FAME and Misfortune?  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

generation BTL are sensible alternatives to biodiesel Waste Not, Want Not: E20 Vehicle Test Program with Clariant and Haltermann William Woebkenberg - US Fuels Technical and...

140

Engineering of Bacterial Methyl Ketone Synthesis for Biofuels  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...composition to optimize diesel fuel properties. Supplemental...for the synthesis of fuels and chemicals. Nature...2003. Tools for genetic engineering in the amino acid-producing...Knothe, G . 2008. biodiesel: optimizing fatty ester composition to improve fuel properties. Energy Fuels...

Ee-Been Goh; Edward E. K. Baidoo; Jay D. Keasling; Harry R. Beller

2011-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "methyl esters biodiesel" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Incentive  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Production Biodiesel Production Incentive to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Incentive on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Incentive on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Incentive on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Incentive on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Incentive on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Incentive on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Production Incentive A qualified Kansas biodiesel producer is eligible for a production incentive of $0.30 per gallon of biodiesel sold. The incentive is payable

142

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuel Use  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Fuel Use to Biodiesel Fuel Use to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuel Use on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuel Use on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuel Use on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuel Use on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuel Use on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuel Use on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Fuel Use The Iowa Department of Transportation (IDOT) may purchase biodiesel for use in IDOT vehicles through the biodiesel fuel revolving fund created in the state treasury. The fund consists of money received from the sale of Energy

143

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax Exemption  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Tax Biodiesel Tax Exemption to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax Exemption on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax Exemption on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax Exemption on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax Exemption on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax Exemption on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax Exemption on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Tax Exemption Beginning January 1, 2014, biodiesel blends containing at least 20% biodiesel derived from used cooking oil are exempt from the state fuel

144

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Storage Regulations  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Storage Biodiesel Storage Regulations to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Storage Regulations on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Storage Regulations on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Storage Regulations on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Storage Regulations on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Storage Regulations on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Storage Regulations on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Storage Regulations Underground storage tank regulations apply to all biodiesel blends with the exception of 100% biodiesel (B100). An owner changing the use of an

145

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Tax  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Production Biodiesel Production Tax to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Tax on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Tax on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Tax on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Tax on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Tax on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Tax on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Production Tax A private biodiesel producer that produces less than 5,000 gallons of biodiesel annually is subject to the annual state motor fuel tax. The

146

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax Exemption  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Tax Biodiesel Tax Exemption to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax Exemption on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax Exemption on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax Exemption on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax Exemption on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax Exemption on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax Exemption on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Tax Exemption Sales and use taxes apply to 80% of the proceeds from the sale of biodiesel fuel blends containing between 1% and 10% biodiesel made between July 1,

147

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax Exemption  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Tax Biodiesel Tax Exemption to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax Exemption on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax Exemption on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax Exemption on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax Exemption on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax Exemption on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax Exemption on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Tax Exemption Biodiesel is exempt from the $0.30 per gallon state motor fuel tax. Biodiesel may be blended with other fuel for use in motor vehicles, but

148

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Vehicle Emissions  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Vehicle Biodiesel Vehicle Emissions to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Vehicle Emissions on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Vehicle Emissions on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Vehicle Emissions on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Vehicle Emissions on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Vehicle Emissions on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Vehicle Emissions on AddThis.com... More in this section... Biodiesel Basics Benefits & Considerations Stations Vehicles Availability Emissions Laws & Incentives Biodiesel Vehicle Emissions When used as a vehicle fuel, biodiesel offers some tailpipe and considerable greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions benefits over conventional

149

Quality, Stability, Performance, and Emission Impacts of Biodiesel...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

already exceeds 5% of the on-highway diesel market Biodiesel also reduces greenhouse gas emissions relative to petroleum 3 Barriers 1. Biodiesel quality: Some biodiesel...

150

Fast Gas Chromatographic Separation of Biodiesel  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......distribution of B100 biodiesel. The capillary...B100 content of biodiesel-diesel blends...Chemical Sciences and Engineering Division, Argonne...distribution of B100 biodiesel. The capillary...biodieseldiesel blends. Introduction Biodiesel is a...conventional diesel fuel with fatty acid......

R. E. Pauls

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Rheological Behavior of Castor Oil Biodiesel  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Rheological Behavior of Castor Oil Biodiesel ... This work aims at assessing the rheological behavior of castor oil, castor oil biodiesel, and undegraded and degraded biodiesel at different exposure times and temperatures. ... Castor oil biodiesel presents viscosity higher than diesel oil, but this drawback can be corrected by means of blends of both components at different proportions. ...

Marta M. Conceição; Roberlúcia A. Candeia; Hermesson J. Dantas; Luiz E. B. Soledade; Valter J. Fernandes, Jr.; Antonio G. Souza

2005-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

152

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Standards  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Blend Biodiesel Blend Standards to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Standards on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Standards on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Standards on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Standards on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Standards on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Standards on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Blend Standards Biodiesel blends are considered compliant with Texas Low Emissions Diesel Fuel (TxLED) regulations if the diesel fuel is compliant with TxLED

153

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Sales Requirements  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Sales Biodiesel Sales Requirements to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Sales Requirements on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Sales Requirements on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Sales Requirements on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Sales Requirements on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Sales Requirements on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Sales Requirements on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Sales Requirements It is unlawful for any person to sell, offer for sale, assist in the sale of, deliver, or permit to be sold or offered for sale any biodiesel,

154

Alternative Fuels Data Center: ASTM Biodiesel Specifications  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

ASTM Biodiesel ASTM Biodiesel Specifications to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: ASTM Biodiesel Specifications on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: ASTM Biodiesel Specifications on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: ASTM Biodiesel Specifications on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: ASTM Biodiesel Specifications on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: ASTM Biodiesel Specifications on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: ASTM Biodiesel Specifications on AddThis.com... More in this section... Biodiesel Basics Blends Production & Distribution Specifications Related Links Benefits & Considerations Stations Vehicles Laws & Incentives ASTM Biodiesel Specifications These tables show selected ASTM requirements for B100 and B6 to B20. Note

155

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Benefits  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Benefits to Benefits to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Benefits on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Benefits on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Benefits on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Benefits on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Benefits on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Benefits on AddThis.com... More in this section... Biodiesel Basics Benefits & Considerations Stations Vehicles Laws & Incentives Biodiesel Benefits and Considerations Biodiesel is a domestically produced, clean-burning, renewable substitute for petroleum diesel. Using biodiesel as a vehicle fuel increases energy security, improves public health and the environment, and provides safety

156

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Use Requirement  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Use Biodiesel Use Requirement to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Use Requirement on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Use Requirement on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Use Requirement on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Use Requirement on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Use Requirement on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Use Requirement on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Use Requirement At least 75% of the Missouri Department of Transportation (MoDOT) vehicles and heavy equipment that use diesel fuel must be fueled with biodiesel

157

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax Deduction  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Tax Biodiesel Tax Deduction to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax Deduction on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax Deduction on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax Deduction on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax Deduction on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax Deduction on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax Deduction on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Tax Deduction Entities and individuals that receive biodiesel consisting of 99% vegetable oil or animal fat are eligible for a tax deduction for the fuel, provided

158

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Use Requirement  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Use Biodiesel Use Requirement to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Use Requirement on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Use Requirement on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Use Requirement on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Use Requirement on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Use Requirement on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Use Requirement on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Use Requirement At least 20% of all diesel fuel used to fuel state agency vehicles, vessels, and construction equipment must be biodiesel. The Washington

159

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax Refund  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Tax Refund Tax Refund to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax Refund on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax Refund on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax Refund on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax Refund on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax Refund on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax Refund on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Tax Refund A licensed distributor who pays the special fuel tax on biodiesel may claim a refund equal to $0.02 per gallon of biodiesel sold during the previous quarter if the biodiesel is made entirely from components produced in

160

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Tax to Tax to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Tax Biodiesel and biodiesel blends are taxed at the state motor fuel excise tax rate of $0.22 per gallon. Beginning the fiscal quarter after which a biodiesel production facility in the state reaches a name plate capacity of at least 20 million gallons per year and fully produces at least 10 million

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "methyl esters biodiesel" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Education Grants  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Education Biodiesel Education Grants to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Education Grants on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Education Grants on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Education Grants on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Education Grants on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Education Grants on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Education Grants on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Education Grants Competitive grants are available through the Biodiesel Fuel Education Program (Section 9006) to educate governmental and private entities that

162

AZ Biodiesel | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AZ Biodiesel AZ Biodiesel Jump to: navigation, search Name AZ Biodiesel Place Chandler, Arizona Zip 85225 Product AZ Biodiesel is a biodiesel producer that announced plans in July 2008 to relocate and reopen its main processing facility to Gilbert, Arizona. Coordinates 32.307977°, -95.479539° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":32.307977,"lon":-95.479539,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

163

Efficient Antioxidant Formulations for Use in Biodiesel  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Efficient Antioxidant Formulations for Use in Biodiesel ... On the basis of the similarity of the profile of the fatty soybean biodiesel and cottonseed biodiesel, this work investigated the antioxidant effect of substances TBHQ, BHT, rosmarinic acid (RA), citric acid (CA), and organic rosemary extract in these biodiesels. ... They were applied, as well as the rosemary extracts, to the soybean and cottonseed biodiesels, using the formulations listed in Tables 1 and 2, respectively. ...

Maria L. Medeiros; Angela M. M. T. Cordeiro; Neide Queiroz; Luiz E. B. Soledade; Antonia L. Souza; Antonio G. Souza

2013-12-26T23:59:59.000Z

164

Lubricity of Components of Biodiesel and Petrodiesel. The Origin of Biodiesel Lubricity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Lubricity of Components of Biodiesel and Petrodiesel. ... The use of vegetable oil based fuels, called biodiesels, lowers particulate emissions due to the increased oxygen content of the fuel. ...

Gerhard Knothe; Kevin R. Steidley

2005-04-06T23:59:59.000Z

165

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuel Basics  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Fuel Basics Fuel Basics to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuel Basics on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuel Basics on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuel Basics on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuel Basics on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuel Basics on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuel Basics on AddThis.com... More in this section... Biodiesel Basics Blends Production & Distribution Specifications Related Links Benefits & Considerations Stations Vehicles Laws & Incentives Biodiesel Fuel Basics Related Information National Biofuels Action Plan Biodiesel is a domestically produced, renewable fuel that can be

166

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax Exemption  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Tax Tax Exemption to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax Exemption on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax Exemption on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax Exemption on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax Exemption on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax Exemption on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax Exemption on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Tax Exemption Biodiesel producers that produce biodiesel from waste vegetable oil feedstock are exempt from the state special fuel tax. Waste vegetable oil means used cooking oil gathered from restaurants or commercial food

167

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definitions  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Definitions Definitions to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definitions on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definitions on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definitions on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definitions on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definitions on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definitions on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Definitions Biodiesel is defined as any fuel derived in whole or in part from agricultural products, animal fats, or the wastes from these products, and is suitable for use in diesel engines. A biodiesel blend is defined as any

168

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Mandate  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Blend Biodiesel Blend Mandate to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Mandate on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Mandate on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Mandate on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Mandate on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Mandate on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Mandate on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Blend Mandate All diesel fuel sold to state agencies, political subdivisions of the state, and public schools for use in on-road motor vehicles must contain at

169

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Mandate  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Blend Biodiesel Blend Mandate to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Mandate on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Mandate on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Mandate on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Mandate on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Mandate on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Mandate on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Blend Mandate In September 2013, the commissioners of the Minnesota Department of Agriculture, Department of Commerce, and Pollution Control Agency determined that all conditions had been satisfied to implement a 10%

170

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Labeling Requirement  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Labeling Labeling Requirement to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Labeling Requirement on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Labeling Requirement on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Labeling Requirement on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Labeling Requirement on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Labeling Requirement on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Labeling Requirement on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Labeling Requirement Biodiesel fuel retailers may not advertise or offer for sale fuel labeled as pure biodiesel unless the fuel contains no other type of petroleum

171

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Use Requirement  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Use Biodiesel Use Requirement to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Use Requirement on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Use Requirement on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Use Requirement on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Use Requirement on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Use Requirement on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Use Requirement on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Use Requirement All diesel-powered motor vehicles, light trucks, and equipment owned or leased by a state agency must operate using diesel fuel that contains a

172

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Price Preference  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Price Biodiesel Price Preference to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Price Preference on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Price Preference on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Price Preference on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Price Preference on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Price Preference on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Price Preference on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Price Preference A governmental body, state educational institution, or instrumentality of the state that performs essential governmental functions on a statewide or

173

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Mandate  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Blend Biodiesel Blend Mandate to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Mandate on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Mandate on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Mandate on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Mandate on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Mandate on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Mandate on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Blend Mandate Pursuant to state law, all diesel motor vehicle fuel and all other liquid fuel used to operate motor vehicle diesel engines in Massachusetts must

174

Home Biodiesel | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Biodiesel Biodiesel Jump to: navigation, search Name Home Biodiesel Place Marysville, California Zip 95901 Product Manufacturer of small scale biodiesel equipment. Coordinates 48.05969°, -122.176922° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":48.05969,"lon":-122.176922,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

175

General Biodiesel | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Biodiesel Biodiesel Jump to: navigation, search Name General Biodiesel Address 4034 West Marginal Way Place Seattle, Washington Zip 98106 Sector Biofuels Product Aims to turn waste cooking oil and animal fat into feedstock for biodiesel Website http://generalbiodiesel.com/ Coordinates 47.5677317°, -122.3542271° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":47.5677317,"lon":-122.3542271,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

176

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Diesel Vehicles Using Biodiesel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Biodiesel Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Alternative Fuels Data Center: Diesel Vehicles Using Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Diesel Vehicles Using Biodiesel on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Diesel Vehicles Using Biodiesel on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Diesel Vehicles Using Biodiesel on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Diesel Vehicles Using Biodiesel on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Diesel Vehicles Using Biodiesel on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Diesel Vehicles Using Biodiesel on AddThis.com... More in this section... Biodiesel Basics Benefits & Considerations Stations Vehicles Availability Emissions

177

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Warranty Requirement  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Warranty Warranty Requirement to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Warranty Requirement on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Warranty Requirement on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Warranty Requirement on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Warranty Requirement on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Warranty Requirement on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Warranty Requirement on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Warranty Requirement All new state government diesel vehicles must have a manufacturer's warranty that allows the use of biodiesel blends of 20% (B20) in the

178

Life cycle analysis of algae biodiesel  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Algae biomass has great promise as a sustainable ... sustainability and net energy balance of an algal biodiesel process. The goal of this LCA was to provide baseline information for the algae biodiesel process.

Kyle Sander; Ganti S. Murthy

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

EFFECTS OF BIODIESEL BLENDING ON EXHAUST EMISSIONS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Rising fuel costs and energy demands, combined with growing concern over health related and environmental concerns, have led to increased interest in the use of biodiesel. Biodiesel can be utilized as a direct replacement ...

Guo, Jing

2011-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

180

Biodiesel Production and Blending Tax Credit (Kentucky)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

blended biodiesel does not qualify. The biodiesel tax credit is applied against the corporation income tax imposed under KRS 141.040 and/or the limited liability entity tax (LLET) imposed under KRS...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "methyl esters biodiesel" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuel Use  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Fuel Use to Fuel Use to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuel Use on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuel Use on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuel Use on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuel Use on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuel Use on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuel Use on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Fuel Use The South Dakota Department of Transportation and employees using state diesel vehicles must stock and use fuel blends containing a minimum of 2% biodiesel (B2) that meets or exceeds the most current ASTM specification

182

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax Exemption  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Tax Tax Exemption to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax Exemption on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax Exemption on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax Exemption on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax Exemption on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax Exemption on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax Exemption on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Tax Exemption An individual who produces biodiesel for use in that individual's private passenger vehicle is exempt from the state motor fuel excise tax. (Reference North Carolina General Statutes 105-449.88(9

183

Biodiesel Density: Experimental Measurements and Prediction Models  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Density is an important biodiesel parameter, with impact on fuel quality. Predicting density is of high relevance for a correct formulation of an adequate blend of raw materials that optimize the cost of biodiesel fuel production while allowing the ...

Maria Jorge Pratas; Samuel V. D. Freitas; Mariana B. Oliveira; Sílvia C. Monteiro; Álvaro S. Lima; João A. P. Coutinho

2011-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

184

The Biofuel Project: Creating Bio-diesel  

K-12 Energy Lesson Plans and Activities Web site (EERE)

This activity introduces students to alternative fuels and gives them an opportunity to produce their own biodiesel fuel. The text of the exercise gives students a brief background in the environmental benefits of using biodiesel as a diesel substitute. The lab portion of this exercise demonstrates the basic chemistry involved in making biodiesel from vegetable oils and waste oils.

185

Production and characterization of biodiesel from algae  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The feasibility of biodiesel production from microalgae as third generation biodiesel feedstock was studied in the present investigation. The studies were conducted to evaluate the growth patterns of the algae species i.e. Spirulina, Chlorella and pond water algae. The oil was extracted from the algae biomass and then transesterified. Simultaneous extraction and transesterification were also studied using different solvents. Maximum biodiesel yield was obtained using simultaneous extraction and transesterification using hexane as a solvent. The systematic characterization of algae biomass, algae oil and algae biodiesel was carried out to establish the potential of microalgae for biodiesel production.

Piyushi Nautiyal; K.A. Subramanian; M.G. Dastidar

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production and Distribution  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Production Biodiesel Production and Distribution to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production and Distribution on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production and Distribution on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production and Distribution on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production and Distribution on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production and Distribution on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production and Distribution on AddThis.com... More in this section... Biodiesel Basics Blends Production & Distribution Specifications Related Links Benefits & Considerations Stations Vehicles Laws & Incentives

187

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Retail and Storage Requirements  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Retail and Biodiesel Retail and Storage Requirements to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Retail and Storage Requirements on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Retail and Storage Requirements on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Retail and Storage Requirements on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Retail and Storage Requirements on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Retail and Storage Requirements on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Retail and Storage Requirements on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Retail and Storage Requirements

188

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Investment Tax Credit  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Production Biodiesel Production Investment Tax Credit to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Investment Tax Credit on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Investment Tax Credit on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Investment Tax Credit on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Investment Tax Credit on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Investment Tax Credit on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Investment Tax Credit on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Production Investment Tax Credit

189

Washington Biodiesel | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Logo: Washington Biodiesel Name Washington Biodiesel Address 3401 Fremont Avenue N. Place Seattle, Washington Zip 98103 Sector Biofuels Product Aims to grow biodiesel feedstock Website http://wabiodiesel.com/ Coordinates 47.6495905°, -122.3497956° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":47.6495905,"lon":-122.3497956,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

190

Fleet Biodiesel | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Fleet Biodiesel Fleet Biodiesel Jump to: navigation, search Name Fleet Biodiesel Address 7710 Balboa Ave Place San Diego, California Zip 92111 Sector Biofuels Product Develops and sells diagnostic test kits for new biofuels coming to market Website http://www.fleetbiodiesel.com/ Coordinates 32.822245°, -117.157914° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":32.822245,"lon":-117.157914,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

191

Performance and emission parameters optimization of mahua (Madhuca indica) based biodiesel in direct injection diesel engine using response surface methodology  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Mahua oil ethyl ester was prepared from mahua oil using potassium hydroxide as catalyst by trans-esterification. The important fuel properties of mahua biodiesel blends were compared with those of high speed diesel and biodiesel standards. Variation of brake specific fuel consumption (BSFC) brake thermal efficiency (BTE) Pmax CO NOx hydrocarbons and smoke opacity across compression ratio blending ratio and load were studied successfully using response surface methodology based on Central composite rotatable design. The trends similar to general theory of compression ignition engines (CI) were obtained. Optimum performance and emission parameters were determined by considering the significant variables affecting the diesel engine. Significant reduction in emissions at 23% blending ratio were observed as compared to neat diesel at optimum input variables. Hence mahua biodiesel is an environment friendly alternate fuel over diesel and has good scope to run the compression ignition engines.

Sunil Dhingra; Gian Bhushan; Kashyap Kumar Dubey

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Optimization and heat and water integration for biodiesel production  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

generation of biodiesel using waste cooking oil and algae oil. We consider 5 different technologies: Energy, Biofuels, Biodiesel, Cooking Oil, Mathematical optimization, Algae1 Optimization and heat and water integration for biodiesel production from cooking oil

Grossmann, Ignacio E.

193

Alternative Fuel Tool Kit How to Implement: Biodiesel  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, and even oils produced from algae, fungi, bacteria, molds, and yeast.3 While biodiesel (B100) can be used1 8/18/2014 Alternative Fuel Tool Kit How to Implement: Biodiesel Contents Introduction to Biodiesel

194

Biodiesel Basics (Fact Sheet), Clean Cities, Energy Efficiency...  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

can I find biodiesel? Biodiesel is available in all 50 states. According to the U.S. Energy Infor- mation Administration, annual production of biodiesel in the United States...

195

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Tax Credit  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Blend Tax Biodiesel Blend Tax Credit to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Tax Credit on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Tax Credit on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Tax Credit on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Tax Credit on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Tax Credit on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Tax Credit on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Blend Tax Credit Licensed biodiesel blenders are eligible for a tax credit for special fuel, including diesel, blended with biodiesel to create a biodiesel blend. The

196

Biodiesel properties and automotive system compatibility issues  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Acceptability of biodiesel by automotive sector is limited due to some of its adverse properties such as cold flow properties, oxidation stability and corrosiveness with automotive fuel system materials. Adverse cold flow properties of biodiesel lead to the problem of plugging and gumming of filters and injectors. There is a concern about the poor oxidation stability of biodiesel, which results in the formation of sediments and gums causing problem in the engine fuel injection system. Biodiesel reacts with automotive fuel system materials adversely resulting in corrosion of metals and degradation of elastomers. Beside these adverse issues, biodiesel possesses incredible inherent lubricity. This article aims to review the adverse biodiesel properties like cold flow properties, oxidation stability; corrosive and acidic nature resulting in non-compatibility with automotive fuel system materials. It also discusses the excellent lubrication behaviour of biodiesel and its positive impact. An effort has been made to present the review of 145 research papers along with the sharing of our some in-house experimental results. Additive treatment with biodiesel has been found to be suitable for improving the low temperature properties and oxidation stability. Certain metallic and elastomeric components have been reported as compatible/non-compatible with biodiesel. Although attempts have already been made by some researchers on the adverse properties of biodiesel but the scope is rather limited to the properties alone than correlating the same with automotive materials compatibility.

Kamalesh A. Sorate; Purnanand V. Bhale

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Infinifuel Biodiesel | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Infinifuel Biodiesel Infinifuel Biodiesel Jump to: navigation, search Name Infinifuel Biodiesel Place Dayton, Nevada Zip 89403 Sector Geothermal energy Product A Nevada-based firm developing the Infinifuel Wabuska 18.9m-litre (5.0m-gallon) per year biodiesel plant to be operated with 5.0MW of geothermally-produced energy. Coordinates 44.87672°, -107.262744° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":44.87672,"lon":-107.262744,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

198

Upcoming Events Upcoming Biodiesel Events  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

- 29, 2010 Coronada Rockford, IL www.ibed2010.com/ Bioenergy Markets Turkey Green Power Conferences.eng.iastate.edu/ Biodiesel Congress F.O. Lichts September 22-24, 2010 Mercure Grant Hotel Sao Paulo, Brazil www.agra-net.com/content/agra/ips/pdf/Marketing www.opisnet.com/fleetfueling/index.html International Bioenergy Days NIU and Rockford, IL September 26

199

Vehicle Technologies Office: Improving Biodiesel and Other Fuels' Quality  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Improving Biodiesel and Improving Biodiesel and Other Fuels' Quality to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Improving Biodiesel and Other Fuels' Quality on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Improving Biodiesel and Other Fuels' Quality on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Improving Biodiesel and Other Fuels' Quality on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Improving Biodiesel and Other Fuels' Quality on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Improving Biodiesel and Other Fuels' Quality on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Improving Biodiesel and Other Fuels' Quality on AddThis.com... Just the Basics Hybrid & Vehicle Systems Energy Storage Advanced Power Electronics & Electrical Machines Advanced Combustion Engines

200

Evaluation of Biodiesel Fuels from Supercritical Fluid Processing...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Biodiesel Fuels from Supercritical Fluid Processing with the Advanced Distillation Curve Method Evaluation of Biodiesel Fuels from Supercritical Fluid Processing with the Advanced...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "methyl esters biodiesel" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Biodiesel of South Florida LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

of South Florida, LLC Place: Miami, Florida Zip: 33176 Product: Florida-based wholesale marketer of soy-based biodiesel to the US and export markets. References: Biodiesel...

202

Effect of Biodiesel Blends on NOx Emissions | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Biodiesel Blends on NOx Emissions Effect of Biodiesel Blends on NOx Emissions Poster presentation at the 2007 Diesel Engine-Efficiency & Emissions Research Conference (DEER 2007)....

203

Biodiesel and the Advanced Biofuel Market | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Biofuel Market Biodiesel and the Advanced Biofuel Market The Success of Advanced Biofuels Anne Steckel, Vice President of Federal Affairs, National Biodiesel Board...

204

Biodiesel Effects on Diesel Particle Filter Performance: Milestone Report  

SciTech Connect

Research results on the performance of biodiesel and biodiesel blends with ultra-low sulfur diesel (ULSD) and a diesel particle filter (DPF).

Williams, A.; McCormick, R. L.; Hayes, R.; Ireland, J.

2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production and Blending Equipment  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Production Biodiesel Production and Blending Equipment Tax Credit to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production and Blending Equipment Tax Credit on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production and Blending Equipment Tax Credit on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production and Blending Equipment Tax Credit on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production and Blending Equipment Tax Credit on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production and Blending Equipment Tax Credit on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production and Blending Equipment Tax Credit on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State

206

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Ethanol Definitions and Retail  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel and Ethanol Biodiesel and Ethanol Definitions and Retail Requirements to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Ethanol Definitions and Retail Requirements on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Ethanol Definitions and Retail Requirements on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Ethanol Definitions and Retail Requirements on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Ethanol Definitions and Retail Requirements on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Ethanol Definitions and Retail Requirements on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Ethanol Definitions and Retail Requirements on AddThis.com... More in this section...

207

Global Biodiesel Market Trends,Global Biodiesel Market Trends, Outlook and OpportunitiesOutlook and Opportunities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

consumption.accounting for 75% of biodiesel consumption. Growing imports of soybean oil and SME biodiesel fromGrowing imports of soybean oil and SME biodiesel from Americas, and palm oil/PME from Asia are blending inAmericas.75% by 2010 Proposals: 10% by 2020 (EU Revision)Proposals: 10% by 2020 (EU Revision) EU Biofuels Markets

208

Effects of Triacetin on Biodiesel Quality  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We therefore measured properties, such as the density, kinematic viscosity, cloud point, pour point, cold filter plugging point, dynamic viscosity, cetane number, heating value, distillation curve, and flash point, for mixtures of triacetin and biodiesel composed of various amounts of triacetin of up to 20 wt % and different biodiesels (palm, soybean, sunflower, high-oleic sunflower, and rapeseed). ... To test the effects of triacetin on the viscosity of mixtures of triacetin and biodiesels, the kinematic viscosity of mixtures of triacetin with several types of biodiesel was measured. ... As shown in the figure, CP decreases significantly (by approximately 4 °C for 20 wt % of triacetin) when the CP of the pure biodiesel being measured is above or below the freezing point of triacetin, i.e., for palm (16 °C) and rapeseed (?3 °C) biodiesels. ...

Abraham Casas; José Ramón Ruiz; María Jesús Ramos; Ángel Pérez

2010-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

209

Synthesis of Biodiesel in Capillary Microreactors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Synthesis of Biodiesel in Capillary Microreactors ... KOH-catalyzed synthesis of biodiesel was carried out in capillary microreactors with inner diameters of 0.25 or 0.53 mm, with unrefined rapeseed oil and cottonseed oil as raw materials. ... The influences of the methanol to oil molar ratio, the residence time, the catalyst concentration, the reaction temperature, and the dimension of the capillary on the production of biodiesel were examined. ...

Juan Sun; Jingxi Ju; Lei Ji; Lixiong Zhang; Nanping Xu

2008-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

210

Survey of the Quality and Stability of Biodiesel and Biodiesel Blends in the United States in 2004  

SciTech Connect

Reports results gathered in 2004 from quality and stability surveys in the United States of biodiesel (B100) and 20% biodiesel (B20) in petroleum diesel.

McCormick, R. L.; Alleman, T. L.; Ratcliffe, M.; Moens, L.; Lawrence, R.

2005-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

List of Biodiesel Incentives | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

List of Biodiesel Incentives List of Biodiesel Incentives Jump to: navigation, search The following contains the list of 74 Biodiesel Incentives. CSV (rows 1 - 74) Incentive Incentive Type Place Applicable Sector Eligible Technologies Active AlabamaSAVES Revolving Loan Program (Alabama) State Loan Program Alabama Commercial Industrial Institutional Building Insulation Doors Energy Mgmt. Systems/Building Controls Lighting Lighting Controls/Sensors Steam-system upgrades Water Heaters Windows Biodiesel Biomass CHP/Cogeneration Ethanol Fuel Cells using Renewable Fuels Geothermal Electric Hydroelectric energy Landfill Gas Photovoltaics Renewable Fuels Solar Water Heat Commercial Refrigeration Equipment Natural Gas Yes Alternative Fuel Tax Exemption (Idaho) Corporate Exemption Idaho Ethanol

212

Biodiesel ASTM Update and Future Technical Needs  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Latest ASTM fuel specifications on biodiesel blends are summarized as well as future needs for improved fuel quality, process quality controls, and new performance testing procedures.

213

Biodiesel Investment Group | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Investment Group Place: Dallas, Texas Zip: 75205 Sector: Biofuels Product: Biodiesel Investment Group is a subsidiary established by Earth Biofuels to coordinate the company's...

214

Engineered Biosynthesis of Alternative Biodiesel Fuel - Energy...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Biomass and Biofuels Find More Like This Return to Search Engineered Biosynthesis of Alternative Biodiesel Fuel Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Contact LBL About This...

215

Syntheses of 11 F-labeled carboxylic esters within a  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and with reduced infusion rate. Radioactive methyl ester 4b was obtained from the reaction of 1 (10 mM) with 2b in 56% decay-corrected radiochemical yield (RCY) at an infusion rate of 10 mL min21 , and when the infusion rate was reduced to 1 mL min21 , the RCY increased to 88%. The synthesis of the non

Shen, Jun

216

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Tax Exemption  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Blend Tax Biodiesel Blend Tax Exemption to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Tax Exemption on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Tax Exemption on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Tax Exemption on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Tax Exemption on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Tax Exemption on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Tax Exemption on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Blend Tax Exemption Biodiesel blends of at least 20% (B20) that are used for personal, noncommercial use by the individual that produced the biodiesel portion of

217

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Tax Credit  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Production Biodiesel Production Tax Credit to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Tax Credit on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Tax Credit on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Tax Credit on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Tax Credit on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Tax Credit on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Tax Credit on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Production Tax Credit A biodiesel facility may receive a credit of $0.075 per gallon of biodiesel

218

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Excise Tax Credit  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Production Biodiesel Production Excise Tax Credit to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Excise Tax Credit on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Excise Tax Credit on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Excise Tax Credit on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Excise Tax Credit on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Excise Tax Credit on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Excise Tax Credit on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Production Excise Tax Credit A biodiesel producer that produces at least 100,000 gallons of biodiesel

219

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Tax Credit  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Production Biodiesel Production Tax Credit to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Tax Credit on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Tax Credit on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Tax Credit on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Tax Credit on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Tax Credit on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Tax Credit on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Production Tax Credit Qualified biodiesel and green diesel producers are eligible for a tax credit of $0.01 per gallon of biodiesel or green diesel fuels produced.

220

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Producer Fuel Tax  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Producer Biodiesel Producer Fuel Tax to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Producer Fuel Tax on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Producer Fuel Tax on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Producer Fuel Tax on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Producer Fuel Tax on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Producer Fuel Tax on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Producer Fuel Tax on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Producer Fuel Tax Municipalities, counties, or school districts producing biodiesel must file a return documenting their biodiesel production activities and pay $0.03 of

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "methyl esters biodiesel" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Method of making alkyl esters  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Methods of making alkyl esters are described herein. The methods are capable of using raw, unprocessed, low-cost feedstocks and waste grease. Generally, the method involves converting a glyceride source to a fatty acid composition and esterifying the fatty acid composition to make alkyl esters. In an embodiment, a method of making alkyl esters comprises providing a glyceride source. The method further comprises converting the glyceride source to a fatty acid composition comprising free fatty acids and less than about 1% glyceride by mass. Moreover, the method comprises esterifying the fatty acid composition in the presence of a solid acid catalyst at a temperature ranging firm about 70.degree. C. to about 120.degree. C. to produce alkyl esters, such that at least 85% of the free fatty acids are converted to alkyl esters. The method also incorporates the use of packed bed reactors for glyceride conversion and/or fatty acid esterification to make alkyl esters.

Elliott, Brian (Wheat Ridge, CO)

2010-09-14T23:59:59.000Z

222

Enhancing Biodiesel Production from Soybean Oil Using Ultrasonics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Enhancing Biodiesel Production from Soybean Oil Using Ultrasonics ... Our objective was to determine the effect of ultrasonics on biodiesel production from soybean oil. ... The reaction was monitored for biodiesel yield by stopping the reaction at selected time intervals and analyzing the biodiesel content by thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). ...

Priyanka Chand; Venkat Reddy Chintareddy; John G. Verkade; David Grewell

2010-02-04T23:59:59.000Z

223

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Purchase Requirement  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Blend Blend Purchase Requirement to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Purchase Requirement on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Purchase Requirement on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Purchase Requirement on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Purchase Requirement on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Purchase Requirement on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Purchase Requirement on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Blend Purchase Requirement Diesel fuel that the New Hampshire Department of Transportation

224

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fueling Infrastructure Development  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Infrastructure Development to someone by E-mail Infrastructure Development to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fueling Infrastructure Development on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fueling Infrastructure Development on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fueling Infrastructure Development on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fueling Infrastructure Development on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fueling Infrastructure Development on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fueling Infrastructure Development on AddThis.com... More in this section... Biodiesel Basics Benefits & Considerations Stations Locations Infrastructure Development Vehicles Laws & Incentives

225

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Partnerships Spark Biodiesel Success for  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Partnerships Spark Partnerships Spark Biodiesel Success for Essential Baking Company to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Partnerships Spark Biodiesel Success for Essential Baking Company on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Partnerships Spark Biodiesel Success for Essential Baking Company on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Partnerships Spark Biodiesel Success for Essential Baking Company on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Partnerships Spark Biodiesel Success for Essential Baking Company on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Partnerships Spark Biodiesel Success for Essential Baking Company on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Partnerships Spark Biodiesel Success for Essential Baking Company on

226

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Renewable Diesel Definitions,  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel and Biodiesel and Renewable Diesel Definitions, Registration, and Labeling Requirements to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Renewable Diesel Definitions, Registration, and Labeling Requirements on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Renewable Diesel Definitions, Registration, and Labeling Requirements on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Renewable Diesel Definitions, Registration, and Labeling Requirements on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Renewable Diesel Definitions, Registration, and Labeling Requirements on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Renewable Diesel Definitions, Registration, and Labeling Requirements on Digg

227

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuel Storage Grants  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Fuel Storage Biodiesel Fuel Storage Grants to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuel Storage Grants on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuel Storage Grants on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuel Storage Grants on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuel Storage Grants on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuel Storage Grants on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuel Storage Grants on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Fuel Storage Grants The Alabama Biodiesel Incentive Program, administered by the Alabama Department of Economic and Community Affairs (ADECA) Energy Division,

228

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Producer Tax Refund  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Producer Tax Biodiesel Producer Tax Refund to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Producer Tax Refund on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Producer Tax Refund on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Producer Tax Refund on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Producer Tax Refund on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Producer Tax Refund on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Producer Tax Refund on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Producer Tax Refund A biodiesel producer may apply for a refund of Iowa state sales or use taxes paid on purchases. To qualify, the producer must be registered with

229

Alternative Fuels Data Center: State Fleet Biodiesel Fuel Use  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

State Fleet Biodiesel State Fleet Biodiesel Fuel Use to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: State Fleet Biodiesel Fuel Use on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: State Fleet Biodiesel Fuel Use on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: State Fleet Biodiesel Fuel Use on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: State Fleet Biodiesel Fuel Use on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: State Fleet Biodiesel Fuel Use on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: State Fleet Biodiesel Fuel Use on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type State Fleet Biodiesel Fuel Use The Missouri Biodiesel Fuel Revolving Fund uses the money generated by the sale of Energy Policy Act of 1992 (EPAct) credits to cover the incremental

230

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Laws and Incentives  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel » Laws & Incentives Biodiesel » Laws & Incentives Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Laws and Incentives to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Laws and Incentives on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Laws and Incentives on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Laws and Incentives on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Laws and Incentives on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Laws and Incentives on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Laws and Incentives on AddThis.com... More in this section... Biodiesel Basics Benefits & Considerations Stations Vehicles Laws & Incentives

231

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol and Biodiesel Tax Exemption  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Ethanol and Biodiesel Ethanol and Biodiesel Tax Exemption to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol and Biodiesel Tax Exemption on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol and Biodiesel Tax Exemption on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol and Biodiesel Tax Exemption on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol and Biodiesel Tax Exemption on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol and Biodiesel Tax Exemption on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol and Biodiesel Tax Exemption on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Ethanol and Biodiesel Tax Exemption Motor fuels sold to an ethanol or biodiesel production facility and motor

232

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuel Tax Exemption  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Fuel Tax Biodiesel Fuel Tax Exemption to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuel Tax Exemption on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuel Tax Exemption on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuel Tax Exemption on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuel Tax Exemption on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuel Tax Exemption on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuel Tax Exemption on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Fuel Tax Exemption An individual that produces biodiesel for personal use or use by a member of his or her immediate family is exempt from the state fuel excise tax.

233

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Quality Testing Procedures  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Quality Biodiesel Quality Testing Procedures to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Quality Testing Procedures on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Quality Testing Procedures on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Quality Testing Procedures on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Quality Testing Procedures on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Quality Testing Procedures on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Quality Testing Procedures on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Quality Testing Procedures Each biodiesel or other renewable diesel producer, distributor, or importer

234

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Retailer Tax Credit  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Blend Biodiesel Blend Retailer Tax Credit to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Retailer Tax Credit on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Retailer Tax Credit on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Retailer Tax Credit on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Retailer Tax Credit on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Retailer Tax Credit on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Retailer Tax Credit on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Blend Retailer Tax Credit Retailers whose total diesel sales consist of at least 50% biodiesel blends

235

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Tax Credit  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Production Production Tax Credit to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Tax Credit on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Tax Credit on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Tax Credit on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Tax Credit on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Tax Credit on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Tax Credit on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Production Tax Credit A biodiesel producer located in Indiana may receive a credit of $1.00 per gallon of biodiesel produced and used in biodiesel blends. The Indiana

236

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Use in School Buses  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Use in Biodiesel Use in School Buses to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Use in School Buses on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Use in School Buses on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Use in School Buses on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Use in School Buses on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Use in School Buses on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Use in School Buses on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Use in School Buses The South Carolina Department of Education must fuel state school bus fleets with biodiesel when feasible. (Reference South Carolina Code of Laws

237

East Fork Biodiesel LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Fork Biodiesel LLC Fork Biodiesel LLC Jump to: navigation, search Name East Fork Biodiesel, LLC Place Algona, Iowa Sector Renewable Energy Product Biodiesel producer and co-developer, with Renewable Energy Group (REG) of a 227m biodiesel plant in Algona, Iowa. Coordinates 47.278335°, -122.248554° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":47.278335,"lon":-122.248554,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

238

A critical review of bio-diesel as a vehicular fuel  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The use of vegetable oils as alternative fuels has been around for one hundred years when the inventor of the diesel engine Rudolph Diesel first tested peanut oil, in his compression-ignition engine. In 1970, scientists discovered that the viscosity of vegetable oils could be reduced by a simple chemical process and that it could perform as diesel fuel in modern engine. Considerable efforts have been made to develop vegetable oil derivatives that approximate the properties and performance of the hydrocarbon-based diesel fuels. Bio-diesel is an alternative to petroleum-based fuels derived from vegetable oils, animal fats, and used waste cooking oil including triglycerides. Bio-diesel production is a very modern and technological area for researchers due to the relevance that it is winning everyday because of the increase in the petroleum price and the environmental advantages. Transesterification is the most common method and leads to monoalkyl esters of vegetable oils and fats, now called bio-diesel when used for fuel purposes.

Mustafa Balat; Havva Balat

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Empirical Study of the Stability of Biodiesel and Biodiesel Blends: Milestone Report  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this work was to develop a database that supports specific proposals for a stability test and specification for biodiesel and biodiesel blends. B100 samples from 19 biodiesel producers were obtained in December of 2005 and January of 2006 and tested for stability. Eight of these samples were then selected for additional study, including long-term storage tests and blending at 5% and 20% with a number of ultra-low sulfur diesel fuels.

McCormick, R. L.; Westbrook, S. R.

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Biodiesel and Other Renewable Diesel Fuels  

SciTech Connect

Present federal tax incentives apply to certain types of biomass-derived diesel fuels, which in energy policy and tax laws are described either as renewable diesel or biodiesel. To understand the distinctions between these diesel types it is necessary to understand the technologies used to produce them and the properties of the resulting products. This fact sheet contains definitions of renewable and biodiesel and discusses the processes used to convert biomass to diesel fuel and the properties of biodiesel and renewable diesel fuels.

Not Available

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "methyl esters biodiesel" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alabama Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alabama Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alabama Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alabama Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alabama Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alabama Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alabama Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Alabama Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel The list below contains summaries of all Alabama laws and incentives

242

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Truck Transports Capitol Christmas  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Truck Biodiesel Truck Transports Capitol Christmas Tree to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Truck Transports Capitol Christmas Tree on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Truck Transports Capitol Christmas Tree on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Truck Transports Capitol Christmas Tree on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Truck Transports Capitol Christmas Tree on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Truck Transports Capitol Christmas Tree on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Truck Transports Capitol Christmas Tree on AddThis.com... Dec. 31, 2009 Biodiesel Truck Transports Capitol Christmas Tree F ollow the Capitol Christmas Tree from Arizona to Washington, D.C., aboard

243

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blending Tax Credit  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Blending Tax Blending Tax Credit to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blending Tax Credit on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blending Tax Credit on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blending Tax Credit on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blending Tax Credit on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blending Tax Credit on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blending Tax Credit on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Blending Tax Credit A biodiesel blender located in Indiana may receive a credit of $0.02 per gallon of blended biodiesel produced at a facility located in Indiana. The

244

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Texas Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Texas Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Texas Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Texas Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Texas Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Texas Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Texas Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Texas Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel The list below contains summaries of all Texas laws and incentives related

245

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alaska Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alaska Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alaska Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alaska Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alaska Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alaska Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alaska Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Alaska Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel The list below contains summaries of all Alaska laws and incentives related

246

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Michigan Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Michigan Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Michigan Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Michigan Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Michigan Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Michigan Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Michigan Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Michigan Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel The list below contains summaries of all Michigan laws and incentives

247

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Federal Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Federal Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Federal Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Federal Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Federal Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Federal Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Federal Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Federal Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel The list below contains summaries of all Federal laws and incentives

248

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maine Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maine Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maine Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maine Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maine Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maine Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maine Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Maine Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel The list below contains summaries of all Maine laws and incentives related

249

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oregon Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oregon Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oregon Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oregon Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oregon Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oregon Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oregon Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Oregon Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel The list below contains summaries of all Oregon laws and incentives related

250

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Montana Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Montana Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Montana Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Montana Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Montana Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Montana Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Montana Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Montana Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel The list below contains summaries of all Montana laws and incentives

251

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idaho Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idaho Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idaho Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idaho Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idaho Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idaho Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idaho Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Idaho Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel The list below contains summaries of all Idaho laws and incentives related

252

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Use Requirement  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Blend Use Biodiesel Blend Use Requirement to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Use Requirement on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Use Requirement on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Use Requirement on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Use Requirement on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Use Requirement on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Use Requirement on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Blend Use Requirement Any diesel-powered vehicle the state, county or local government, school district, community college, public college or university, or mass transit

253

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Kansas Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Kansas Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Kansas Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Kansas Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Kansas Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Kansas Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Kansas Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Kansas Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel The list below contains summaries of all Kansas laws and incentives related

254

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Illinois Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Illinois Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Illinois Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Illinois Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Illinois Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Illinois Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Illinois Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Illinois Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel The list below contains summaries of all Illinois laws and incentives

255

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Distribution Mandate  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Blend Biodiesel Blend Distribution Mandate to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Distribution Mandate on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Distribution Mandate on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Distribution Mandate on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Distribution Mandate on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Distribution Mandate on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Distribution Mandate on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Blend Distribution Mandate All state-owned diesel fueling facilities must provide fuel containing at

256

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Colorado Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Colorado Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Colorado Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Colorado Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Colorado Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Colorado Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Colorado Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Colorado Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel The list below contains summaries of all Colorado laws and incentives

257

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fueling Station Locations  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Station Locations to someone by E-mail Station Locations to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fueling Station Locations on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fueling Station Locations on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fueling Station Locations on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fueling Station Locations on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fueling Station Locations on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fueling Station Locations on AddThis.com... More in this section... Biodiesel Basics Benefits & Considerations Stations Locations Infrastructure Development Vehicles Laws & Incentives Biodiesel Fueling Station Locations Find biodiesel (B20 and above) fueling stations near an address or ZIP code

258

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Kentucky Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Kentucky Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Kentucky Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Kentucky Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Kentucky Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Kentucky Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Kentucky Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Kentucky Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel The list below contains summaries of all Kentucky laws and incentives

259

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Iowa Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Iowa Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Iowa Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Iowa Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Iowa Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Iowa Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Iowa Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Iowa Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel The list below contains summaries of all Iowa laws and incentives related

260

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Feedstock Tax Exemption  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Feedstock Biodiesel Feedstock Tax Exemption to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Feedstock Tax Exemption on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Feedstock Tax Exemption on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Feedstock Tax Exemption on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Feedstock Tax Exemption on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Feedstock Tax Exemption on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Feedstock Tax Exemption on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Feedstock Tax Exemption Waste vegetable oil, specifically cooking oil gathered from restaurants or

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "methyl esters biodiesel" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Virginia Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Virginia Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Virginia Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Virginia Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Virginia Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Virginia Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Virginia Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Virginia Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel The list below contains summaries of all Virginia laws and incentives

262

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Equipment and Fuel Tax Exemption  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Equipment Biodiesel Equipment and Fuel Tax Exemption to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Equipment and Fuel Tax Exemption on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Equipment and Fuel Tax Exemption on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Equipment and Fuel Tax Exemption on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Equipment and Fuel Tax Exemption on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Equipment and Fuel Tax Exemption on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Equipment and Fuel Tax Exemption on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Equipment and Fuel Tax Exemption

263

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oklahoma Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oklahoma Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oklahoma Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oklahoma Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oklahoma Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oklahoma Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oklahoma Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Oklahoma Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel The list below contains summaries of all Oklahoma laws and incentives

264

Biodiesel Basics (Fact Sheet), Vehicle Technologies Program (VTP)  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

is a domestically produced, is a domestically produced, renewable fuel that can be manufac- tured from new and used vegetable oils, animal fats, and recycled restaurant grease. Biodiesel's physical properties are similar to those of petroleum diesel, but it is a cleaner-burning alternative. Using biodiesel in place of petroleum diesel significantly reduces emissions of toxic air pollutants. What is a biodiesel blend? Biodiesel can be blended and used in many different concentrations, includ- ing B100 (pure biodiesel), B20 (20% biodiesel, 80% petroleum diesel), B5 (5% biodiesel, 95% petroleum diesel), and B2 (2% biodiesel, 98% petroleum diesel). B20 is a common biodiesel blend in the United States. Can I use B20 in my vehicle's diesel engine? For vehicles manufactured after 1993,

265

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Indiana Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Indiana Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Indiana Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Indiana Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Indiana Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Indiana Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Indiana Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Indiana Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel The list below contains summaries of all Indiana laws and incentives

266

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Nebraska Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Nebraska Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Nebraska Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Nebraska Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Nebraska Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Nebraska Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Nebraska Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Nebraska Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel The list below contains summaries of all Nebraska laws and incentives

267

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Louisiana Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Louisiana Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Louisiana Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Louisiana Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Louisiana Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Louisiana Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Louisiana Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Louisiana Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel The list below contains summaries of all Louisiana laws and incentives

268

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Washington Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Washington Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Washington Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Washington Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Washington Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Washington Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Washington Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Washington Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel The list below contains summaries of all Washington laws and incentives

269

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Minnesota Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Minnesota Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Minnesota Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Minnesota Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Minnesota Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Minnesota Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Minnesota Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Minnesota Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel The list below contains summaries of all Minnesota laws and incentives

270

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Wisconsin Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Wisconsin Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Wisconsin Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Wisconsin Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Wisconsin Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Wisconsin Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Wisconsin Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Wisconsin Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel The list below contains summaries of all Wisconsin laws and incentives

271

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Nevada Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Nevada Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Nevada Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Nevada Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Nevada Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Nevada Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Nevada Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Nevada Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel The list below contains summaries of all Nevada laws and incentives related

272

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Georgia Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Georgia Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Georgia Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Georgia Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Georgia Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Georgia Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Georgia Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Georgia Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel The list below contains summaries of all Georgia laws and incentives

273

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Missouri Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Missouri Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Missouri Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Missouri Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Missouri Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Missouri Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Missouri Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Missouri Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel The list below contains summaries of all Missouri laws and incentives

274

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Florida Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Florida Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Florida Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Florida Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Florida Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Florida Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Florida Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Florida Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel The list below contains summaries of all Florida laws and incentives

275

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Arizona Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Arizona Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Arizona Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Arizona Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Arizona Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Arizona Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Arizona Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Arizona Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel The list below contains summaries of all Arizona laws and incentives

276

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production and Blending Tax Credit  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Production Biodiesel Production and Blending Tax Credit to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production and Blending Tax Credit on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production and Blending Tax Credit on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production and Blending Tax Credit on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production and Blending Tax Credit on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production and Blending Tax Credit on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production and Blending Tax Credit on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Production and Blending Tax Credit

277

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alabama City Leads With Biodiesel and  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Alabama City Leads Alabama City Leads With Biodiesel and Ethanol to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alabama City Leads With Biodiesel and Ethanol on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alabama City Leads With Biodiesel and Ethanol on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alabama City Leads With Biodiesel and Ethanol on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alabama City Leads With Biodiesel and Ethanol on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alabama City Leads With Biodiesel and Ethanol on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alabama City Leads With Biodiesel and Ethanol on AddThis.com... July 21, 2012 Alabama City Leads With Biodiesel and Ethanol L earn how the City of Hoover uses biodiesel and ethanol to fuel municipal

278

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blending Facility Tax Credit  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Blending Biodiesel Blending Facility Tax Credit to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blending Facility Tax Credit on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blending Facility Tax Credit on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blending Facility Tax Credit on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blending Facility Tax Credit on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blending Facility Tax Credit on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blending Facility Tax Credit on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Blending Facility Tax Credit A tax credit is available for up to 30% of the cost of purchasing or

279

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuels Education in Alabama  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Fuels Biodiesel Fuels Education in Alabama to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuels Education in Alabama on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuels Education in Alabama on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuels Education in Alabama on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuels Education in Alabama on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuels Education in Alabama on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuels Education in Alabama on AddThis.com... May 1, 2012 Biodiesel Fuels Education in Alabama " As Alabama native Helen Keller once said, 'No one has the right to consume happiness without producing it.' The same can be said of

280

Alternative Fuels Data Center: California Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: California Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: California Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: California Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: California Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: California Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: California Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type California Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel The list below contains summaries of all California laws and incentives

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "methyl esters biodiesel" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Arkansas Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Arkansas Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Arkansas Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Arkansas Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Arkansas Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Arkansas Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Arkansas Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Arkansas Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel The list below contains summaries of all Arkansas laws and incentives

282

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vermont Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vermont Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vermont Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vermont Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vermont Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vermont Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vermont Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Vermont Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel The list below contains summaries of all Vermont laws and incentives

283

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #449: December 25, 2006 Biodiesel to  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

9: December 25, 9: December 25, 2006 Biodiesel to Conventional Diesel: An Emissions Comparison to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #449: December 25, 2006 Biodiesel to Conventional Diesel: An Emissions Comparison on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #449: December 25, 2006 Biodiesel to Conventional Diesel: An Emissions Comparison on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #449: December 25, 2006 Biodiesel to Conventional Diesel: An Emissions Comparison on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #449: December 25, 2006 Biodiesel to Conventional Diesel: An Emissions Comparison on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #449: December 25, 2006 Biodiesel to Conventional Diesel: An Emissions Comparison on Digg

284

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Distributor License and  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Distributor Distributor License and Recordkeeping Requirements to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Distributor License and Recordkeeping Requirements on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Distributor License and Recordkeeping Requirements on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Distributor License and Recordkeeping Requirements on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Distributor License and Recordkeeping Requirements on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Distributor License and Recordkeeping Requirements on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Distributor License and Recordkeeping Requirements on AddThis.com... More in this section...

285

National Trail Biodiesel | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

National Trail Biodiesel National Trail Biodiesel Jump to: navigation, search Name National Trail Biodiesel Place Newton, Illinois Zip 62448 Product Owner of a planned 30m gallon per year biodiesel plant in Jasper County, Illinois. Coordinates 43.996685°, -87.803724° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":43.996685,"lon":-87.803724,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

286

Wyobraska Biodiesel LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Wyobraska Biodiesel LLC Wyobraska Biodiesel LLC Jump to: navigation, search Name Wyobraska Biodiesel LLC Place Scottsbluff, Nebraska Zip 69361 Product Wyobraska operates a 37.9mLpa (10m gallon) capacity biodiesel plant in Nebraska. Coordinates 41.861775°, -103.662759° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.861775,"lon":-103.662759,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

287

Mid States Biodiesel | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

States Biodiesel States Biodiesel Jump to: navigation, search Name Mid-States Biodiesel Place Hampton, Iowa Product Iowa-based biodiesel producer. Coordinates 37.027795°, -76.345119° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":37.027795,"lon":-76.345119,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

288

Earthship BioDiesel | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Earthship BioDiesel Earthship BioDiesel Jump to: navigation, search Name Earthship BioDiesel Place Taos, New Mexico Zip 87571 Product Supplier and retailer of biodiesel made from Waste Vegetable Oil. Coordinates 36.4116°, -105.574251° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":36.4116,"lon":-105.574251,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

289

Green River Biodiesel Incorporated | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Biodiesel Incorporated Biodiesel Incorporated Jump to: navigation, search Name Green River Biodiesel Incorporated Place Houston, Texas Zip 77056 Product Biodiesel project developer and producer. Coordinates 29.76045°, -95.369784° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":29.76045,"lon":-95.369784,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

290

Brownfield Biodiesel LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Brownfield Biodiesel LLC Brownfield Biodiesel LLC Jump to: navigation, search Name Brownfield Biodiesel LLC Place Ralls, Texas Zip 79357 Product Biodiesel producer in Ralls, Texas. Coordinates 33.674665°, -101.387804° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":33.674665,"lon":-101.387804,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

291

Pacific Biodiesel Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Biodiesel Inc Biodiesel Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name Pacific Biodiesel Inc Place Kahului, Hawaii Zip 96732 Product Hawaii-based biodiesel plant designer, producer and distributor in Hawaii. Coordinates 20.890755°, -156.467144° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":20.890755,"lon":-156.467144,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

292

Northwest Biodiesel Network | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Northwest Biodiesel Network Northwest Biodiesel Network Name Northwest Biodiesel Network Address 6532 Phinney Ave N Place Seattle, Washington Zip 98103 Region Pacific Northwest Area Website http://www.nwbiodiesel.org/ Notes To promote the use and benefits of biodiesel through awareness campaigns, educational programs, and specific initiatives Coordinates 47.677247°, -122.35398° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":47.677247,"lon":-122.35398,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

293

Toxicology and Ecotoxicology of Biodiesel Fuel  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This work attempts to demonstrate the toxic and ecotoxic hazards of Biodiesel and diesel petroleum fuel. The hazard was estimated by means of ... to mammals, fishes, evertebrates, higher plants, algae, cyanobacte...

Wolfgang Rodinger

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Biodiesel + SCR Retrofit Testing | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

+ SCR Retrofit Testing Biodiesel + SCR Retrofit Testing This work retrofitted an in-use engine with urea SCR and measured NOx reductions versus blend levels of ULSD, B20, and B100...

295

Springboard Biodiesel LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Springboard Biodiesel LLC Springboard Biodiesel LLC Jump to: navigation, search Name Springboard Biodiesel LLC Place Chico, California Zip 95928 Product Provider of products and technologies for the production of biodiesel. Coordinates 33.29657°, -97.794116° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":33.29657,"lon":-97.794116,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

296

Characterization of Crude Glycerol from Biodiesel Plants  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Characterization of crude glycerol is very important to its value-added conversion. In this study, the physical and chemical properties of five biodiesel-derived crude glycerol samples were determined. Three methods, including iodometric–periodic acid ...

Shengjun Hu; Xiaolan Luo; Caixia Wan; Yebo Li

2012-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

297

Biodiesel Coalition of Texas | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Biodiesel Coalition of Texas Biodiesel Coalition of Texas Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Biodiesel Coalition of Texas Name Biodiesel Coalition of Texas Address 100 Congress Avenue Place Austin, Texas Zip 78701 Region Texas Area Website http://www.biodieselcoalitiono Notes Non-profit corporation created by biodiesel pioneers and industry leaders to ensure that biodiesel receives favorable treatment by state regulatory agencies and the Texas Legislature Coordinates 30.264043°, -97.744762° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":30.264043,"lon":-97.744762,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

298

BIODIESEL BLENDS IN SPACE HEATING EQUIPMENT.  

SciTech Connect

Biodiesel is a diesel-like fuel that is derived from processing vegetable oils from various sources, such as soy oil, rapeseed or canola oil, and also waste vegetable oils resulting from cooking use. Brookhaven National laboratory initiated an evaluation of the performance of blends of biodiesel and home heating oil in space heating applications under the sponsorship of the Department of Energy (DOE) through the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL). This report is a result of this work performed in the laboratory. A number of blends of varying amounts of a biodiesel in home heating fuel were tested in both a residential heating system and a commercial size boiler. The results demonstrate that blends of biodiesel and heating oil can be used with few or no modifications to the equipment or operating practices in space heating. The results also showed that there were environmental benefits from the biodiesel addition in terms of reductions in smoke and in Nitrogen Oxides (NOx). The latter result was particularly surprising and of course welcome, in view of the previous results in diesel engines where no changes had been seen. Residential size combustion equipment is presently not subject to NOx regulation. If reductions in NOx similar to those observed here hold up in larger size (commercial and industrial) boilers, a significant increase in the use of biodiesel-like fuel blends could become possible.

KRISHNA,C.R.

2001-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Biodiesel: Cost and reactant comparison 1 Biodiesel: Cost and reactant comparison  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

at a lower cost than buying fuel at a gas station. ii. Alternative hypothesis: Buying fuel at the pump costs less than producing our own biodiesel. iii. Null hypothesis: The price of fuel at gas stations there is no need to alter existing fuel stations. Biodiesel is nontoxic, biodegradable, and less flammable than

300

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuel Use Incentive  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Fuel Use Fuel Use Incentive to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuel Use Incentive on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuel Use Incentive on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuel Use Incentive on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuel Use Incentive on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuel Use Incentive on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuel Use Incentive on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Fuel Use Incentive The Wisconsin Department of Public Instruction (DPI) may provide financial aid to school districts that use biodiesel fuel to operate school buses to

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "methyl esters biodiesel" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Income Tax Credit  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Income Tax Income Tax Credit to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Income Tax Credit on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Income Tax Credit on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Income Tax Credit on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Income Tax Credit on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Income Tax Credit on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Income Tax Credit on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Income Tax Credit A taxpayer that delivers pure, unblended biodiesel (B100) into the tank of a vehicle or uses B100 as an on-road fuel in their trade or business may be

302

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #471: May 28, 2007 Biodiesel Production  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1: May 28, 2007 1: May 28, 2007 Biodiesel Production Facilities to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #471: May 28, 2007 Biodiesel Production Facilities on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #471: May 28, 2007 Biodiesel Production Facilities on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #471: May 28, 2007 Biodiesel Production Facilities on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #471: May 28, 2007 Biodiesel Production Facilities on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #471: May 28, 2007 Biodiesel Production Facilities on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #471: May 28, 2007 Biodiesel Production Facilities on AddThis.com... Fact #471: May 28, 2007 Biodiesel Production Facilities

303

Big Daddy s Biodiesel Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Daddy s Biodiesel Inc Daddy s Biodiesel Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name Big Daddy's Biodiesel Inc Place Hereford, Texas Zip 79045 Product Biodiesel producer in Hereford, Texas. References Big Daddy's Biodiesel Inc[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Big Daddy's Biodiesel Inc is a company located in Hereford, Texas . References ↑ "Big Daddy's Biodiesel Inc" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Big_Daddy_s_Biodiesel_Inc&oldid=342725" Categories: Clean Energy Organizations Companies Organizations Stubs What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version Permanent link Browse properties 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load)

304

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Mixture Excise Tax Credit  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Mixture Mixture Excise Tax Credit to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Mixture Excise Tax Credit on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Mixture Excise Tax Credit on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Mixture Excise Tax Credit on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Mixture Excise Tax Credit on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Mixture Excise Tax Credit on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Mixture Excise Tax Credit on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Mixture Excise Tax Credit A biodiesel blender that is registered with the Internal Revenue Service

305

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Green Diesel Fuel Use  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel and Green Biodiesel and Green Diesel Fuel Use Requirement to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Green Diesel Fuel Use Requirement on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Green Diesel Fuel Use Requirement on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Green Diesel Fuel Use Requirement on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Green Diesel Fuel Use Requirement on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Green Diesel Fuel Use Requirement on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Green Diesel Fuel Use Requirement on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type

306

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #662: February 14, 2011 World Biodiesel  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2: February 14, 2: February 14, 2011 World Biodiesel Production to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #662: February 14, 2011 World Biodiesel Production on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #662: February 14, 2011 World Biodiesel Production on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #662: February 14, 2011 World Biodiesel Production on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #662: February 14, 2011 World Biodiesel Production on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #662: February 14, 2011 World Biodiesel Production on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #662: February 14, 2011 World Biodiesel Production on AddThis.com... Fact #662: February 14, 2011 World Biodiesel Production

307

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Seattle Bakery Delivers With Biodiesel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Seattle Bakery Seattle Bakery Delivers With Biodiesel Trucks to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Seattle Bakery Delivers With Biodiesel Trucks on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Seattle Bakery Delivers With Biodiesel Trucks on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Seattle Bakery Delivers With Biodiesel Trucks on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Seattle Bakery Delivers With Biodiesel Trucks on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Seattle Bakery Delivers With Biodiesel Trucks on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Seattle Bakery Delivers With Biodiesel Trucks on AddThis.com... Jan. 19, 2013 Seattle Bakery Delivers With Biodiesel Trucks D iscover how Essential Baking Company in Seattle, Washington, relies on

308

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blending Tax Credit  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Blending Tax Blending Tax Credit to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blending Tax Credit on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blending Tax Credit on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blending Tax Credit on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blending Tax Credit on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blending Tax Credit on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blending Tax Credit on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Blending Tax Credit Businesses and individuals are eligible for a tax credit of up to 15% of the cost of qualified equipment used for storing or blending biodiesel with

309

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blender Tax Credit  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Blender Tax Blender Tax Credit to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blender Tax Credit on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blender Tax Credit on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blender Tax Credit on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blender Tax Credit on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blender Tax Credit on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blender Tax Credit on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Blender Tax Credit A licensed fuel supplier who blends biodiesel or green diesel with diesel fuel may claim an income tax credit of $0.05 per gallon for fuel containing

310

Ultrafast Biodiesel Production Using Ultrasound in Batch and Continuous Reactors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Ultrafast Biodiesel Production Using Ultrasound in Batch and Continuous Reactors ... Amongst many resources, availability and cost economy are the major factors affecting the large scale prodn. of the biodiesels. ...

D. C. Boffito; S. Mansi; J.-M. Leveque; C. Pirola; C. L. Bianchi; G. S. Patience

2013-08-23T23:59:59.000Z

311

Thermal and Oxidative Degradation of Castor Oil Biodiesel  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Thermal and Oxidative Degradation of Castor Oil Biodiesel ... The neat biodiesels, 20% blends, and the base fuel (No. 2 diesel) were tested at 2 different loads (100 and 20%) and 3 injection timings (3° advanced, std., 3° retarded). ...

Marta M. Conceição; Valter J. Fernandes, Jr.; Antonio S. Araújo; Mirna F. Farias; Ieda M. G. Santos; Antonio G. Souza

2007-03-23T23:59:59.000Z

312

Emission Performance of Modern Diesel Engines Fueled with Biodiesel  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This study presents full quantification of biodiesel's impact on emissions and fuel economy with the inclusion of DPF regeneration events.

313

Impact of Biodiesel on Fuel System Component Durability  

SciTech Connect

A study of the effects of biodiesel blends on fuel system components and the physical characteristics of elastomer materials.

Terry, B.

2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Project Recap Humanitarian Engineering Biodiesel Boiler System for Steam Generator  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Project Recap Humanitarian Engineering ­ Biodiesel Boiler System for Steam Generator Currently 70 biodiesel boiler system to drive a steam engine generator. This system is to provide electricity the customer needs, a boiler fueled by biodiesel and outputting to a steam engine was decided upon. The system

Demirel, Melik C.

315

Biodiesel from Seeds: An Experiment for Organic Chemistry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Biodiesel from Seeds: An Experiment for Organic Chemistry ... These lipids can be isolated from seeds and then converted into biodiesel through a transesterification reaction. ... Although much of the research has focused on the physical properties of biodiesel, other investigations focus on the conversion of various feedstock into fuel. ...

Steven W. Goldstein

2014-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

316

Investigation of the Performance and Emission Characteristics of Biodiesel Fuel Containing Butanol under the Conditions of Diesel Engine Operation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

(17) However, emissions of engines fueled with multicomponent fuels containing fossil diesel, butanol, and rapeseed oil butyl/methyl esters have not been tested. ... Break specific fuel consumption when engine is fuelled with fossil diesel fuel (n = 1500 min?1). ... For all cases, engine torque was retained the same by adjusting fueling rate. ...

Sergejus Lebedevas; Galina Lebedeva; Egle Sendzikiene; Violeta Makareviciene

2010-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

317

Continuous biodiesel production from acidic oil using a combination of cation- and anion-exchange resins  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract A continuous process was developed to produce biodiesel from acidic oil containing soybean oil and oleic acid, which combined esterification by cation-exchange resin NKC-9, online separation and transesterification by anion-exchange resin D261. The esterification was carried out with soybean oil/oleic acid weight ratio of 5/5, methanol to oleic acid weight ratio of 1.5/1, reaction temperature of 338 K and residence time of 126.6 min. After the reaction, the mixture was settled to online separate into two layers, and the methanol–water–oleic acid mixture at the top layer was reclaimed. The bottom layer, mainly containing soybean oil and methyl oleate, was transesterified under methanol/soybean oil weight ratio of 1/3 and n-hexane/soybean oil weight ratio of 1/2 at 323 K for the residence time of 112.0 min. The high conversions of oleic acid (above 98%) and soybean oil (92.3%) were achieved. The yield of biodiesel in this process reached up to 95.1%. The main parameters of the product met the Chinese Standard of biodiesel.

Benqiao He; Yixuan Shao; Yanbiao Ren; Jianxin Li; Yu Cheng

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Red River Biodiesel Ltd | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

River Biodiesel, Ltd. River Biodiesel, Ltd. Place Houston, Texas Zip 77006 Product Red River operates a biodiesel plant in Houstion, Texas with a capacity of 56.85mLpa (15m gallons per year). Coordinates 29.76045°, -95.369784° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":29.76045,"lon":-95.369784,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

319

The economics of producing biodiesel from algae  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Biodiesel is an alternative fuel for conventional diesel that is made from natural plant oils, animal fats, and waste cooking oils. This paper discusses the economics of producing biodiesel fuel from algae grown in open ponds. There is potential for large-scale production of biodiesel from algal farms on non-arable land; however, previous studies have failed to demonstrate an economically viable process that could be scalable to a commercialized industry. The problems include inconsistent and insufficient algal productivities, uncertain capital and operating costs, volatile market prices and unknown levels of government support. Although intensive work is being done on many technological issues, the economic studies and data are incomplete and out of date. This paper presents an updated financial analysis of the production and economic conditions that could have a profound effect on the success of this important alternative fuel production process.

Brian J. Gallagher

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Advanced Vehicle Acquisition and Biodiesel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Advanced Vehicle Advanced Vehicle Acquisition and Biodiesel Fuel Use Requirement to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Advanced Vehicle Acquisition and Biodiesel Fuel Use Requirement on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Advanced Vehicle Acquisition and Biodiesel Fuel Use Requirement on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Advanced Vehicle Acquisition and Biodiesel Fuel Use Requirement on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Advanced Vehicle Acquisition and Biodiesel Fuel Use Requirement on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Advanced Vehicle Acquisition and Biodiesel Fuel Use Requirement on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Advanced Vehicle Acquisition and Biodiesel Fuel Use Requirement on AddThis.com...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "methyl esters biodiesel" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

GreenHunter Biodiesel Refinery Grand Opening | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

GreenHunter Biodiesel Refinery Grand Opening GreenHunter Biodiesel Refinery Grand Opening GreenHunter Biodiesel Refinery Grand Opening June 2, 2008 - 12:51pm Addthis Remarks as Prepared for (Acting) Deputy Secretary Kupfer Today, Acting Deputy Secretary Jeffrey Kupfer delivered remarks at the launch of GreenHunter Energy's biodiesel refinery, which will be the nation's single largest biodiesel refinery, producing 105 million gallons of "white-water" B100 biodiesel per year. Thank you Gary. I'm pleased to join with Governor Perry, Congressmen Green and Lampson, and Mayor Garcia in celebrating this important occasion. Today, as we open the nation's largest biodiesel refinery, we reach another milestone in our effort to make America more energy secure. As you know, global energy demand is surging. We must act swiftly and aggressively to

322

Student Entrepreneurs Driving Loyola Biodiesel Program | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Student Entrepreneurs Driving Loyola Biodiesel Program Student Entrepreneurs Driving Loyola Biodiesel Program Student Entrepreneurs Driving Loyola Biodiesel Program August 19, 2010 - 11:00am Addthis Zach Waickman works on a biodiesel project at Loyola University. | Photo courtesy of Mark Beane, Loyola University Zach Waickman works on a biodiesel project at Loyola University. | Photo courtesy of Mark Beane, Loyola University Maya Payne Smart Former Writer for Energy Empowers, EERE Students convert used dining hall cooking oil into biodiesel The alternative fuel to supply 2,500 gallons of fuel to campus shuttles Lab-created biodiesel and biosoap sales support biofuels education program Communications major Zachary Waickman had no idea what he was getting into when he signed up for Loyola University's undergraduate Solutions to

323

Biodiesel Revs Up Its Applications | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Biodiesel Revs Up Its Applications Biodiesel Revs Up Its Applications Biodiesel Revs Up Its Applications March 3, 2011 - 3:41pm Addthis A presentation at the 2011 National Biodiesel Board's Conference and Expo A presentation at the 2011 National Biodiesel Board's Conference and Expo Shannon Brescher Shea Communications Manager, Clean Cities Program Transforming America's transportation system to reduce our reliance on imported oil will strengthen our economy, our security and our environment. A number of solutions exist to help us break this dependence, including expanding our use of renewable fuels. I attended the National Biodiesel Board's Conference and Expo in Phoenix, Arizona last week to find out more about how biodiesel can help the Department of Energy (DOE) accomplish its mission.

324

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Requirement for School Buses  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Requirement Requirement for School Buses to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Requirement for School Buses on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Requirement for School Buses on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Requirement for School Buses on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Requirement for School Buses on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Requirement for School Buses on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Requirement for School Buses on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Requirement for School Buses Every school bus that is capable of operating on diesel fuel must be

325

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #700: November 7, 2011 Biodiesel  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

0: November 7, 0: November 7, 2011 Biodiesel Consumption is on the Rise for 2011 to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #700: November 7, 2011 Biodiesel Consumption is on the Rise for 2011 on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #700: November 7, 2011 Biodiesel Consumption is on the Rise for 2011 on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #700: November 7, 2011 Biodiesel Consumption is on the Rise for 2011 on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #700: November 7, 2011 Biodiesel Consumption is on the Rise for 2011 on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #700: November 7, 2011 Biodiesel Consumption is on the Rise for 2011 on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #700: November 7, 2011 Biodiesel Consumption is on the Rise for 2011 on

326

Alternative Fuels Data Center: License Exemptions for Biodiesel Production  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

License Exemptions for License Exemptions for Biodiesel Production for Personal Use to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: License Exemptions for Biodiesel Production for Personal Use on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: License Exemptions for Biodiesel Production for Personal Use on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: License Exemptions for Biodiesel Production for Personal Use on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: License Exemptions for Biodiesel Production for Personal Use on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: License Exemptions for Biodiesel Production for Personal Use on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: License Exemptions for Biodiesel Production for Personal Use on AddThis.com...

327

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Excise Tax Exemption for Biodiesel Produced  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Excise Tax Exemption Excise Tax Exemption for Biodiesel Produced by Schools to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Excise Tax Exemption for Biodiesel Produced by Schools on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Excise Tax Exemption for Biodiesel Produced by Schools on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Excise Tax Exemption for Biodiesel Produced by Schools on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Excise Tax Exemption for Biodiesel Produced by Schools on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Excise Tax Exemption for Biodiesel Produced by Schools on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Excise Tax Exemption for Biodiesel Produced by Schools on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State

328

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Facility Tax Credit  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Production Production Facility Tax Credit to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Facility Tax Credit on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Facility Tax Credit on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Facility Tax Credit on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Facility Tax Credit on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Facility Tax Credit on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Facility Tax Credit on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Production Facility Tax Credit Businesses and individuals are eligible for a tax credit of up to 15% of

329

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Sales Equipment Tax Credit  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Sales Sales Equipment Tax Credit to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Sales Equipment Tax Credit on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Sales Equipment Tax Credit on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Sales Equipment Tax Credit on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Sales Equipment Tax Credit on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Sales Equipment Tax Credit on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Sales Equipment Tax Credit on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Sales Equipment Tax Credit Qualified retailers may be eligible for a corporate income tax credit of

330

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Ethanol Specifications  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

and Ethanol and Ethanol Specifications to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Ethanol Specifications on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Ethanol Specifications on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Ethanol Specifications on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Ethanol Specifications on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Ethanol Specifications on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Ethanol Specifications on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel and Ethanol Specifications Ethanol-blended gasoline must conform to ASTM D4814, E85 must conform to

331

Engineering Escherichia coli for Biodiesel Production Utilizing a Bacterial Fatty Acid Methyltransferase  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Biotechnology Engineering Escherichia coli for Biodiesel Production...demands. Biodiesel is a renewable fuel that can...component of biodiesel and can be...synthesis. INTRODUCTION Biofuel research...1). The engineering of bacteria...

Parwez Nawabi; Stefan Bauer; Nikos Kyrpides; Athanasios Lykidis

2011-09-16T23:59:59.000Z

332

Biodiesel Production by the Green Microalga Scenedesmus obliquus in a Recirculatory Aquaculture System  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...August 2012 brief-report Biotechnology Biodiesel Production by the Green Microalga Scenedesmus...Kharagpur, Kharagpur, West Bengal, India Biodiesel production was examined with Scenedesmus...per year. The fuel properties of the biodiesel produced adhered to Indian and international...

Shovon Mandal; Nirupama Mallick

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Environmental, economic, and energetic costs and benefits of biodiesel and ethanol biofuels  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Pesticides can move by similar processes. Data on agrichemical...product and coproducts, that biodiesel uses, per unit of energy gained...Fortenbery T. R. ( 2005 ) Biodiesel Feasibility Study: An Evaluation of Biodiesel Feasibility in Wisconsin...

Jason Hill; Erik Nelson; David Tilman; Stephen Polasky; Douglas Tiffany

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

WI Biodiesel Blending Progream Final Report  

SciTech Connect

The Wisconsin State Energy Office�¢����s (SEO) primary mission is to implement cost�¢���effective, reliable, balanced, and environmentally�¢���friendly clean energy projects. To support this mission the Wisconsin Biodiesel Blending Program was created to financially support the installation infrastructure necessary to directly sustain biodiesel blending and distribution at petroleum terminal facilities throughout Wisconsin. The SEO secured a federal directed award of $600,000 over 2.25 years. With these funds, the SEO supported the construction of inline biodiesel blending facilities at two petroleum terminals in Wisconsin. The Federal funding provided through the state provided a little less than half of the necessary investment to construct the terminals, with the balance put forth by the partners. Wisconsin is now home to two new biodiesel blending terminals. Fusion Renewables on Jones Island (in the City of Milwaukee) will offer a B100 blend to both bulk and retail customers. CITGO is currently providing a B5 blend to all customers at their Granville, WI terminal north of the City of Milwaukee.

Redmond, Maria E; Levy, Megan M

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

General Biodiesel Incorporated | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Biodiesel Incorporated Biodiesel Incorporated Jump to: navigation, search Name General Biodiesel Incorporated Place Seattle, Washington Zip 98136 Product General BioDieselâ"¢, Inc. specializes in producing high-quality biodiesel by processing vegetable oils (primarily palm, canola, soy, linseed, coconut, mustard and cotton) and by cleaning and recycling cooking oils. Coordinates 47.60356°, -122.329439° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":47.60356,"lon":-122.329439,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

336

E-Print Network 3.0 - algal biodiesel utilization Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

that is further converted to biodiesel in a separate... 3 ) is the energy content of biogas; y is the yield of biodiesel ... Source: Louisiana Forest Products Development Center...

337

Effects of Biodiesel from Used Frying Palm Oil on the Exhaust Emissions of an Indirect Injection (IDI) Diesel Engine  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

McDonald (27) studied a 50% blend of yellow grease methyl ester with No. 2 diesel fuel (B50) used in a General Motors L65 GMT 600 turbo-charged, IDI diesel engine. ... This is typical for diesel engines because the air?fuel equivalence ratio slightly decreases with an increasing engine speed. ... A 1994 Dodge 2500 turbocharged and intercooled diesel pickup fueled with 100% Et ester of rapeseed oil was driven by personnel representing the University of Idaho, Agricultural Engineering Department from Moscow, Idaho to Los Angeles, California and back to Moscow and then from Moscow to Ocean City, Maryland and back to Moscow, Idaho. ...

Ahmet Necati Ozsezen; Mustafa Canakci; Cenk Sayin

2008-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

338

An updated comprehensive techno-economic analysis of algae biodiesel  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Algae biodiesel is a promising but expensive alternative fuel to petro-diesel. To overcome cost barriers, detailed cost analyses are needed. A decade-old cost analysis by the U.S. National Renewable Energy Laboratory indicated that the costs of algae biodiesel were in the range of $0.53–0.85/L (2012 USD values). However, the cost of land and transesterification were just roughly estimated. In this study, an updated comprehensive techno-economic analysis was conducted with optimized processes and improved cost estimations. Latest process improvement, quotes from vendors, government databases, and other relevant data sources were used to calculate the updated algal biodiesel costs, and the final costs of biodiesel are in the range of $0.42–0.97/L. Additional improvements on cost-effective biodiesel production around the globe to cultivate algae was also recommended. Overall, the calculated costs seem promising, suggesting that a single step biodiesel production process is close to commercial reality.

Sanjay Nagarajan; Siaw Kiang Chou; Shenyan Cao; Chen Wu; Zhi Zhou

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Economic Cost Analysis of Biodiesel Production: Case in Soybean Oil  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

(1) Combustion of petroleum diesel is a major source for emitting greenhouse gas (GHG). ... An economic analysis model using ASPEN PLUS software suggested that the production costs of soapstock and soybean oil biodiesel would be approximately 0.41 and 0.53 USD L?1, respectively, a 25% reduction relative to the estimated cost of biodiesel produced from soybean oil. ... The use of waste cooking oil to produce biodiesel reduced the raw material cost. ...

Yii-Der You; Je-Lueng Shie; Ching-Yuan Chang; Sheng-Hsuan Huang; Cheng-Yu Pai; Yue-Hwa Yu; Chungfang Ho Chang

2007-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

340

Energy and Water Conservation in Biodiesel Purification Processes .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Biodiesel purification processes generate wastewater streams that require a large amount of energy when distillation is used as a treatment technology. Process simulation software was… (more)

Hastie, Michele

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "methyl esters biodiesel" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Biodiesel Utilization: Update on Recent Analytical Techniques (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect

To understand and increase the use of biodiesel, analytical methods need to be shared and compared to ensure that accurate data are gathered on this complex fuel.

Alleman, T. L.; Fouts, L.; Luecke, J.; Thornton, M.; McAlpin, C.

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Biodiesel Handling and Use Guide: Fourth Edition (Revised)  

SciTech Connect

Intended for those who blend, distribute, and use biodiesel and its blends, this guide contains procedures for handling and using these fuels.

Not Available

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Producing Beneficial Materials from Biomass and Biodiesel Byproducts...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Biomass and Biofuels Biomass and Biofuels Find More Like This Return to Search Producing Beneficial Materials from Biomass and Biodiesel Byproducts Lawrence Berkeley National...

344

Biodiesel Quality in the United States | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Quality in the United States Biodiesel Quality in the United States Poster presentaltion at the 2007 Diesel Engine-Efficiency & Emissions Research Conference (DEER 2007). 13-16...

345

Biodiesel Impact on Engine Lubricant Oil Dilution | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Impact on Engine Lubricant Oil Dilution Biodiesel Impact on Engine Lubricant Oil Dilution Heavy-duty engine and light-duty vehicle experiments were conducted to investigate the...

346

Emission Performance of Modern Diesel Engines Fueled with Biodiesel  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Emission Performance of Modern Diesel Engines Fueled with Biodiesel Aaron Williams, Jonathan Burton, Xin He and Robert L. McCormick National Renewable Energy Laboratory October 5,...

347

Biobased Adhesives from biodiesel coproduct streams | The Ames...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Biobased Adhesives from biodiesel coproduct streams Our research group has recently discovered how to polymerize triglycerides such as soybean oil along with common monomeric...

348

Method of making a cyanate ester foam  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A cyanate ester resin mixture with at least one cyanate ester resin, an isocyanate foaming resin, other co-curatives such as polyol or epoxy compounds, a surfactant, and a catalyst/water can react to form a foaming resin that can be cured at a temperature greater than 50.degree. C. to form a cyanate ester foam. The cyanate ester foam can be heated to a temperature greater than 400.degree. C. in a non-oxidative atmosphere to provide a carbonaceous char foam.

Celina, Mathias C.; Giron, Nicholas Henry

2014-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

349

Biodiesel Energy Trading Limited | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Limited Limited Jump to: navigation, search Name Biodiesel Energy Trading Limited Place London, United Kingdom Zip W1J 8DY Product London-based company focused on trading of biodiesel. Coordinates 51.506325°, -0.127144° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":51.506325,"lon":-0.127144,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

350

Biodiesel Production Technology: August 2002--January 2004  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

* NREL/SR-510-36244 * NREL/SR-510-36244 J. Van Gerpen, B. Shanks, and R. Pruszko Iowa State University D. Clements Renewable Products Development Laboratory G. Knothe USDA/NCAUR Biodiesel Production Technology August 2002-January 2004 National Renewable Energy Laboratory 1617 Cole Boulevard, Golden, Colorado 80401-3393 303-275-3000 * www.nrel.gov Operated for the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy by Midwest Research Institute * Battelle Contract No. DE-AC36-99-GO10337 July 2004 * NREL/SR-510-36244 Biodiesel Production Technology August 2002-January 2004 J. Van Gerpen, B.Shanks, and R. Pruszko Iowa State University D. Clements Renewable Products Development Laboratory G. Knothe USDA/NCAUR NREL Technical Monitor: K. Shaine Tyson

351

Atlantic Biodiesel Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Atlantic Biodiesel, Inc. Atlantic Biodiesel, Inc. Place Salem, New Hampshire Zip 30790 Product Privately-held corporation producing biodiesal in its production plant located in Southern New Hampshire, which has a maximum production rate of 10 million gallons annually. Coordinates 42.554485°, -88.110549° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":42.554485,"lon":-88.110549,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

352

The influence of molecular structure of fatty acid monoalkyl esters on diesel combustion  

SciTech Connect

The subject of this paper is a series of experiments conducted on a single-cylinder research engine investigating the influence of molecular structure on the combustion behaviour of fatty acid alcohol ester (biodiesel) molecules under diesel engine conditions. The fuels employed in these experiments comprised various samples of pure individual fatty acid alcohol ester molecules of different structure, as well as several mixtures of such molecules. The latter consisted in biodiesel fuels produced by the transesterification of naturally occurring plant oils or animal fat with a monohydric alcohol. It was observed that the molecular structure of the fuel significantly influenced the formation of NO{sub x} and particulate matter and their respective concentration in the exhaust gas. The influence on the formation of NO{sub x} in particular, appeared to be exerted first through the effect which the molecular structure had on the auto-ignition delay occurring after the fuel was injected into the combustion chamber, and second through the flame temperature at which the various molecules burned. The emission of particulates on the other hand showed correlation with the number of double bonds in the fuel molecules for the case of larger accumulation mode particles, and with the boiling point of the fuel samples for the case of the smaller, nucleation mode particles. The effect of ignition delay on the exhaust emissions of these pollutants was isolated by adding the ignition promoting molecule 2-ethylhexyl nitrate to some of the fuel samples in closely specified concentrations, so as to equalise the ignition delay for the relevant fuel samples. The removal of the ignition delay as a main influence on the combustion process enabled the observation of the lesser effects of adiabatic flame temperature. (author)

Schoenborn, Alessandro; Ladommatos, Nicos [Department of Mechanical Engineering, University College London, Torrington Place, London WC1E 7JE (United Kingdom); Williams, John; Allan, Robert; Rogerson, John [BP Oil UK Limited, Technology Centre, Whitchurch Hill, Pangbourne, Reading, RG8 7QR (United Kingdom)

2009-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

353

Supporting Information for: A Global Comparison of National Biodiesel Production Potentials  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and climate change United States Soybean, Algae Yes No 6 Schöpe 2002 Grey study Biodiesel from rapeseedSupporting Information for: A Global Comparison of National Biodiesel Production Potentials Matt Biodiesel Potential · Table S.2: Variables Used in Calculating Biodiesel Volumes and Prices · Figure S.3: U

Wisconsin at Madison, University of

354

Biodiesel Sim: Crowdsourcing Simulations for Complex Model Analysis Derek Riley, Xiaowei Zhang, Xenofon Koutsoukos  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Biodiesel Sim: Crowdsourcing Simulations for Complex Model Analysis Derek Riley, Xiaowei Zhang Computation, Biodiesel Abstract Biodiesel is an alternative fuel source that can be easily made by novices of the proces- sor. A biodiesel processor is a complex system that can be modeled and simulated using formal

Koutsoukos, Xenofon D.

355

Table 2. U.S. Biodiesel Production, Sales, and Stocks  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

U.S. Biodiesel Production, Sales, and Stocks U.S. Biodiesel Production, Sales, and Stocks (million gallons) Period 2011 January 35 22 9 17 4 February 40 27 13 17 1 March 60 41 17 19 2 April 71 47 22 21 2 May 77 50 27 23 2 June 81 62 24 19 (4)

356

THE UNIVERSITY OF BRITISH COLUMBIA Biodiesel Engine Compatibility Study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the performance of a specific low horsepower diesel engine such as the one used by U.B.C. plant operationsTHE UNIVERSITY OF BRITISH COLUMBIA MECH 456 Biodiesel Engine Compatibility Study Submitted to: Dr 456 Biodiesel Engine Compatibility Study i Executive Summary The objectives of this project were

357

Table 1. U.S. Biodiesel Production Capacity and Production  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Biodiesel Production Capacity and Production Biodiesel Production Capacity and Production (million gallons) Period 2011 January 2,114 35 February 2,104 40 March 2,081 60 April 2,101 71 May 2,064 77 June 2,069 81

358

CO2-limitation-inducible Green Recovery of fatty acids from cyanobacterial biomass  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...other microbial bioreactors such as algae, E. coli, and yeast...fatty acyl methyl, or ethyl esters (biodiesel), and alkanes...Green Recovery is introduced into algae. Fig. S1. One fluorescence microscopy...

Xinyao Liu; Sarah Fallon; Jie Sheng; Roy Curtiss III

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

Ris Energy Report 5 Renewable-based fuels for transport 4 Introduction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

- etable oils. Interesterification of the glyceride molecule using an alcohol, usually methanol, produces, in which methanol is reacted with glycerides to produce glycerin and methyl esters. biodiesel may also

360

Quantification of Underivatized Fatty Acids From Vegetable Oils by HPLC with UV Detection  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......harvest time, extraction processes from fruits or seeds, etc...oils by triacylglyc- erols evaluation of profile using HPLC/ELSD...large-scale manufacturing processes. IIE Transactions 34: 881890...fatty acid methyl esters in biodiesel produced from yellow horn......

V. Guarrasi; M.R. Mangione; V. Sanfratello; V. Martorana; D. Bulone

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "methyl esters biodiesel" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Biodiesel Offers a Renewable Alternative | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Biodiesel Offers a Renewable Alternative Biodiesel Offers a Renewable Alternative Biodiesel Offers a Renewable Alternative September 13, 2010 - 7:30am Addthis Shannon Brescher Shea Communications Manager, Clean Cities Program A few weeks ago, I visited the Montgomery County Agricultural Fair in Maryland, eager to view cute barnyard animals and eat fried food. Among the flashing lights and noisy crowd, a colorful sign caught my eye. I was surprised and pleased by its message: all of the thrill rides were running on biodiesel. As a result, the ride's engines were producing fewer emissions and using less petroleum than they would using normal diesel fuel. As Clean Cities, the area I focus on in the Department of Energy's Vehicle Technologies Program, works to promote alternative transportation fuels including biodiesel, I was happy to see a community event using it.

362

Biodiesel Handling and Use Guide | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Biodiesel Handling and Use Guide Biodiesel Handling and Use Guide Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Biodiesel Handling and Use Guide Agency/Company /Organization: National Renewable Energy Laboratory Focus Area: Fuels & Efficiency Topics: Best Practices Website: www.nrel.gov/vehiclesandfuels/npbf/pdfs/43672.pdf This document is a guide for those who blend, store, distribute, and use biodiesel. It is intended to help fleets, individual users, blenders, distributors, and those involved in related activities understand procedures for handling and using biodiesel fuels. How to Use This Tool This tool is most helpful when using these strategies: Avoid - Cut the need for travel Shift - Change to low-carbon modes Improve - Enhance infrastructure & policies Learn more about the avoid, shift, improve framework for limiting air

363

Process simulation and economical evaluation of enzymatic biodiesel production plant  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Process simulation and economical evaluation of an enzymatic biodiesel production plant has been carried out. Enzymatic biodiesel production from high quality rapeseed oil and methanol has been investigated for solvent free and cosolvent production processes. Several scenarios have been investigated with different production scales (8 and 200 mio. kg biodiesel/year) and enzyme price. The cosolvent production process is found to be most expensive and is not a viable choice, while the solvent free process is viable for the larger scale production of 200 mio. kg biodiesel/year with the current enzyme price. With the suggested enzyme price of the future, both the small and large scale solvent free production proved viable. The product price was estimated to be 0.73–1.49€/kg biodiesel with the current enzyme price and 0.05–0.75€/kg with the enzyme price of the future for solvent free process.

Lene Fjerbaek Sotoft; Ben-Guang Rong; Knud V. Christensen; Birgir Norddahl

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Rheology of silicon carbide/vinyl ester nanocomposites  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

New York, 1999. SILICON CARBIDE/VINYL ESTER NANOCOMPOSITESRheology of Silicon Carbide/Vinyl Ester NanocompositesABSTRACT: Silicon carbide (SiC) nanoparticles with no

Yong, Virginia; Hahn, H. Thomas

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Exhaust emissions and mutagenic effects of diesel fuel, biodiesel and biodiesel blends  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The replacement of petroleum-derived fuels by renewable biogenic fuels has become of worldwide interest with the environmental effects being scientifically investigated. Biodiesel has been proven to be a suitable alternative to petrodiesel and blending up to 20% biodiesel with petrodiesel is policy promoted in the USA and the EU. To investigate the influence of blends on the exhaust emissions and possible health effects, we performed a series of studies with several engines (Euro 0, III and IV) using blends of rapeseed-derived biodiesel and petrodiesel. Regulated and non-regulated exhaust compounds were measured and their mutagenic effects were determined using the Bacterial Reverse Mutation Assay (Ames-Test) according to OECD Guideline 471. Exhaust emissions of blends were approximately linearly dependent on the blend composition, particularly when considering regulated emissions. However, a negative effect of blends was observed with respect to mutagenicity of the exhaust emissions. In detail, an increase of the mutagenic potential was found for blends with the maximum observed for B20. From this point of view, B20 must be considered as a critical blend when petrodiesel and biodiesel are used as binary mixtures.

Olaf Schröder; Jürgen Bünger; Axel Munack; Gerhard Knothe; Jürgen Krahl

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

EIA-22M, Monthly Biodiesel Production Survey Page 1 EIA-22M  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

EIA-22M, Monthly Biodiesel Production Survey Page 1 EIA-22M MONTHLY BIODIESEL PRODUCTION SURVEY INSTRUCTIONS General Information I. Purpose Form EIA-22M collects the following data from registered U.S. producers of biodiesel by plant: * Company identification and supervisory contact information * Plant location, operating status, and annual production capacity * B100 and co-product production and monthly stock changes * Feedstock, alcohol input, and other catalysts into biodiesel production * Sales of B100 and blended biodiesel

367

Diesel and Biodiesel Fuel Spray Simulations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Diesel and Biodiesel Fuel Spray Simulations ... That deviates from general assumptions and is probably the consequence of the large nozzle diameter. ... Numerous trials gave the best results for the pretuned C1, C2, and C3 values using following parameters and appropriate coefficients in the following expressions: where ?f is fuel density [kg/m3], ?f is fuel viscosity [mPa s], ?f is fuel surface tension [N/mm], tinj stands for injection time [ms], pave is average injection pressure [MPa], sq = pave/pmax (squarness), Qc represents fueling [mm3/cycle], and n is pump speed [1/min]. ...

Primoz Pogorevc; Breda Kegl; Leopold Skerget

2008-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

368

A Review of Chromatographic Characterization Techniques for Biodiesel and Biodiesel Blends  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......June 2011 385 I. General References Several...presence can impact engine performance and emissions...method Outline I. General References. II...of B100 Content of Diesel Blends VI. Determination...esters (FAME) for diesel engines--Requirements......

R. E. Pauls

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Mexico Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Mexico Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Mexico Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Mexico Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Mexico Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Mexico Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Mexico Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type New Mexico Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel The list below contains summaries of all New Mexico laws and incentives

370

Alternative Fuels Data Center: New York Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: New York Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: New York Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: New York Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: New York Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: New York Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: New York Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type New York Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel The list below contains summaries of all New York laws and incentives

371

Blue Sun Biodiesel LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Blue Sun Biodiesel LLC Blue Sun Biodiesel LLC Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Blue Sun Energy, Inc. Name Blue Sun Energy, Inc. Address 14143 Denver West Parkway Place Golden, Colorado Zip 80401 Sector Biofuels Product Biofuels marketer and distributor Year founded 2001 Number of employees 11-50 Phone number 303-865-7700 Website http://www.gobluesun.com/ Coordinates 39.7438336°, -105.1614242° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":39.7438336,"lon":-105.1614242,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

372

Synthesis of a new energetic nitrate ester  

SciTech Connect

Nitrate esters have been known as useful energetic materials since the discovery of nitroglycerin by Ascanio Sobrero in 1846. The development of methods to increase the safety and utility of nitroglycerin by Alfred Nobel led to the revolutionary improvement in the utility of nitroglycerin in explosive applications in the form of dynamite. Since then, many nitrate esters have been prepared and incorporated into military applications such as double-based propellants, detonators and as energetic plasticizers. Nitrate esters have also been shown to have vasodilatory effects in humans and thus have been studied and used for treatments of ailments such as angina. The mechanism of the biological response towards nitrate esters has been elucidated recently. Interestingly, many of the nitrate esters used for military purposes are liquids (ethylene glycol dinitrate, propylene glycol dinitrate, etc). Pentaerythritol tetranitrate (PETN) is one of the only solid nitrate esters, besides nitrocellulose, that is used in any application. Unfortunately, PETN melting point is above 100 {sup o}C, and thus must be pressed as a solid for detonator applications. A more practical material would be a melt-castable explosive, for potential simplification of manufacturing processes. Herein we describe the synthesis of a new energetic nitrate ester (1) that is a solid at ambient temperatures, has a melting point of 85-86 {sup o}C and has the highest density of any known nitrate ester composed only of carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen and oxygen. We also describe the chemical, thermal and sensitivity properties of 1 as well as some preliminary explosive performance data.

Chavez, David E [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Galveston Bay Biodiesel LP GBB | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Galveston Bay Biodiesel LP GBB Galveston Bay Biodiesel LP GBB Jump to: navigation, search Name Galveston Bay Biodiesel LP (GBB) Place Houston, Texas Product Developer of a 75.8m litre per year biodiesel facility on the Galveston Bulk Terminal site, located on Galveston Island. Coordinates 29.76045°, -95.369784° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":29.76045,"lon":-95.369784,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

374

Enterprise converting buses to biodiesel | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Enterprise converting buses to biodiesel Enterprise converting buses to biodiesel Enterprise converting buses to biodiesel April 1, 2010 - 6:48pm Addthis Paul Lester Communications Specialist, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Rental car customers may be able to breathe a little easier during their next trip to the airport. Alamo Rent A Car, Enterprise Rent-A-Car, and National Car Rental, all brands operated by the subsidiaries of Enterprise Holdings, are converting their airport shuttle buses to run on biodiesel fuel. The move is a good one for the environment, and will ultimately reduce the company's carbon emissions. "We are saving 420,000 gallons of petroleum diesel," says Lee Broughton, director of corporate identity and sustainability for Enterprise Holdings. Hydrocarbon and particulate matter emissions will plummet, making the air

375

Washington State Becomes Largest Public Consumer of Biodiesel | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Washington State Becomes Largest Public Consumer of Biodiesel Washington State Becomes Largest Public Consumer of Biodiesel Washington State Becomes Largest Public Consumer of Biodiesel December 14, 2011 - 11:56am Addthis Auto and passenger ferries operated by the Washington State Transportation Department shuttle more than 11 million people across the Puget Sound every year. Now, the electric-diesel engines that propel these vessels are powered by a blend of soy-based biodiesel and petroleum diesel. | Photo courtesy of Joe Mabel. Auto and passenger ferries operated by the Washington State Transportation Department shuttle more than 11 million people across the Puget Sound every year. Now, the electric-diesel engines that propel these vessels are

376

Washington State Becomes Largest Public Consumer of Biodiesel | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Washington State Becomes Largest Public Consumer of Biodiesel Washington State Becomes Largest Public Consumer of Biodiesel Washington State Becomes Largest Public Consumer of Biodiesel December 14, 2011 - 11:56am Addthis Auto and passenger ferries operated by the Washington State Transportation Department shuttle more than 11 million people across the Puget Sound every year. Now, the electric-diesel engines that propel these vessels are powered by a blend of soy-based biodiesel and petroleum diesel. | Photo courtesy of Joe Mabel. Auto and passenger ferries operated by the Washington State Transportation Department shuttle more than 11 million people across the Puget Sound every year. Now, the electric-diesel engines that propel these vessels are

377

Seattle Biodiesel aka Seattle BioFuels | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Seattle Biodiesel aka Seattle BioFuels Seattle Biodiesel aka Seattle BioFuels Jump to: navigation, search Name Seattle Biodiesel (aka Seattle BioFuels) Place Seattle, Washington Sector Renewable Energy Product Subsidiary of Imperium Renewables which operates the 19m liter Seattle biodiesel plant. Coordinates 47.60356°, -122.329439° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":47.60356,"lon":-122.329439,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

378

Sustainability in Carbon Capture and Utilization. Biodiesel from Microalgae  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Biodiesel from microalgae is one of the most promising options of carbon capture and utilization (CCU) because of the...-2 day-1, lipid content at 40–45 %, water and nutrient recycle, favourable climate condition...

E. N. D’Addario

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Biodiesel-fuel: Content, production, producers, contemporary biotechnology (Review)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The necessity of expanding studies on producing renewable biofuel is reviewed. Special attention is given to biodiesel, the history of its creation, and ... fungi, yeasts, plants, photo- and heterotrophic algae.

E. P. Feofilova; Ya. E. Sergeeva…

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Cost implications of feedstock combinations for community sized biodiesel production  

SciTech Connect

Biodiesel can be processed from oilseeds or animal fats and used in unmodified diesel engines. This fuel has been produced commercially in Europe for three years. Research indicates that biodiesel can replace diesel fuel without causing harmful effects to an unmodified engine and can reduce harmful emissions . Some European biodiesel plants operate at the community level effectively supplying both fuel and animal feeds. This study examines multiple feedstocks that could be utilized by a community sized biodiesel plant. The model plant used is a 500,000 gallon processing facility. The model plant is assumed to be installed in an existing grain handling facility or feed mill. Animal fats would be purchased from outside sources and oilseeds would be provided by area producers. Producers would retain ownership of the oilseeds and pay a processing fee to the cooperative. Oilseeds would be extruded before being separated into meal and crude oil. The crude oil would be esterified into biodiesel using continuous flow esterification technology. This study concludes under specific conditions, biodiesel can be processed economically at the community level. The results indicate that without farm program benefits to minor oilseeds, soybeans are the most economic feedstock to use in a community based operation. Realistic price information suggests that biodiesel (from soybeans) could be produced for $1.26 per gallon. If producers participate in government programs and are capable of growing minor oilseeds, canola may represent a better feedstock than soybeans. Achieving the lowest costs of production depends on the value assigned to co-product credits such as oilseed meal. The more producers pay for high protein meal for their livestock and poultry, the lower the residual price of biodiesel.

Weber, J.A.; Van Dyne, D.L. [Univ. of Missouri, Columbia, MO (United States)

1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "methyl esters biodiesel" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Production of biodiesel using expanded gas solvents  

SciTech Connect

A method of producing an alkyl ester. The method comprises providing an alcohol and a triglyceride or fatty acid. An expanding gas is dissolved into the alcohol to form a gas expanded solvent. The alcohol is reacted with the triglyceride or fatty acid in a single phase to produce the alkyl ester. The expanding gas may be a nonpolar expanding gas, such as carbon dioxide, methane, ethane, propane, butane, pentane, ethylene, propylene, butylene, pentene, isomers thereof, and mixtures thereof, which is dissolved into the alcohol. The gas expanded solvent may be maintained at a temperature below, at, or above a critical temperature of the expanding gas and at a pressure below, at, or above a critical pressure of the expanding gas.

Ginosar, Daniel M [Idaho Falls, ID; Fox, Robert V [Idaho Falls, ID; Petkovic, Lucia M [Idaho Falls, ID

2009-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

382

Monthly Biodiesel Production Report - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Petroleum & Other Liquids Reports Petroleum & Other Liquids Reports Monthly Biodiesel Production Report With Data for September 2013 | Release Date: November 27, 2013 | Next Release Date: December 30, 2013 | full report Previous Issues Month: September 2013 August 2013 July 2013 June 2013 May 2013 April 2013 March 2013 February 2013 January 2013 prior issues Go State Producers Annual capacity (million gallons) Alabama 2 49 Arizona 1 2 Arkansas 3 85 California 9 57 Connecticut 2 3 Florida 1 3 Georgia 3 20 Illinois 6 251 Indiana 2 104 Iowa 8 250 Kansas 1 1 Kentucky 5 68 Louisiana 1 12 Maine 1 1 Maryland 1 3 Massachussetts 1 1 Michigan 2 18 Minnesota 4 107 Mississippi 3 105 Missouri 8 170 Montana 1 0 Nevada 1 1 New Hampshire 1 3 New York 2 20 North Carolina 4 10

383

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Propane Fuel Buses for Dallas  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel and Propane Biodiesel and Propane Fuel Buses for Dallas County Schools to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Propane Fuel Buses for Dallas County Schools on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Propane Fuel Buses for Dallas County Schools on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Propane Fuel Buses for Dallas County Schools on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Propane Fuel Buses for Dallas County Schools on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Propane Fuel Buses for Dallas County Schools on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Propane Fuel Buses for Dallas County Schools on AddThis.com... Oct. 2, 2009

384

Impact of Biodiesel-Based Na on the Selective Catalytic Reduction...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Impact of Biodiesel-Based Na on the Selective Catalytic Reduction (SCR) of NOx Using Cu-zeolite Impact of Biodiesel-Based Na on the Selective Catalytic Reduction (SCR) of NOx Using...

385

Demonstration of the feasibility of milking lipids from algae for biodiesel production  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A major challenge to the development of industrial-scale biodiesel production from cultured algae is the identification of energy efficient and cost effective methods of harvesting/dewatering algal cells. Producing 1 gallon of biodiesel from algae...

Coiner, Ryan Lee

2011-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

386

Waste Utilization and Biodiesel Production by the Green Microalga Scenedesmus obliquus  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...acceptable and environmentally sustainable carbon source for alga-based biodiesel is currently needed. One promising approach is to couple biodiesel production with wastewater treatment, as algae can be successfully cultivated in wastewaters (12...

Shovon Mandal; Nirupama Mallick

2010-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

387

Concentration measurements of biodiesel in engine oil and in diesel fuel  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This work comprised a method for concentration measurements of biodiesel in engine oil as well as biodiesel in diesel fuel by a measurement of the permittivity of the mixture at a frequency range from 100 Hz to 20 kHz. For this purpose a special designed measurement cell with high sensitivity was designed. The results for the concentration measurements of biodiesel in the engine oil and diesel fuel shows linearity to the measurement cell signal for the concentration of biodiesel in the engine oil between 0.5% Vol. to 10% Vol. and for biodiesel in the diesel fuel between 0% Vol. to 100% Vol. The method to measure the concentration of biodiesel in the engine oil or the concentration of biodiesel in the diesel fuel is very accurate and low concentration of about 0.5% Vol. biodiesel in engine oil or in diesel fuel can be measured with high accuracy.

A Mäder; M Eskiner; C Burger; W Ruck; M Rossner; J Krahl

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Fact #700: November 7, 2011 Biodiesel Consumption is on the Rise for 2011  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The U.S. Energy Information Administration began tracking biodiesel consumption in 2001. For the first few years biodiesel consumption remained relatively low – well under one thousand barrels per...

389

BioDiesel Content On-board monitoring | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

BioDiesel Content On-board monitoring BioDiesel Content On-board monitoring onboard fuel monitoring of fuel and biofuel qualities using an optical sensor for engine...

390

Investigating the Use of Ion Exchange Resins for Processing Biodiesel Feedstocks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ion exchange resins, commonly used in water treatment, demonstrate promise for the production of biodiesel from biomass feedstocks. The goal of this presented PhD research is to investigate novel uses of ion exchange resins for processing biodiesel...

Jamal, Yousuf 1973-

2012-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

391

Smog and Photochemical Pollution First observed in Los Angeles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

) #15; Best approach: avoid petroleum fuels: alternative energy sources like biodiesel { Biodiesel: rape { Introduction of NO and hydrocarbons (RH) shifts natural balance of NO x =O 3 and OH cycles Daily Cycle 1. Cars methyl ester (RME) produced from rapeseed oil (vegetable oil) can be used directly in diesel engines

Schofield, Jeremy

392

Emerging Risks in the Biodiesel Production by Transesterification of Virgin and Renewable Oils  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Emerging Risks in the Biodiesel Production by Transesterification of Virgin and Renewable Oils ... Energy Fuels, 2010, 24 (11), ... Cuiaba, Brazil ...

E. Salzano; M. Di Serio; E. Santacesaria

2010-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

393

Evaluation and Comparison of Test Methods to Measure the Oxidation Stability of Neat Biodiesel  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this project was to compare and evaluate several candidate test methods for evaluating oxidation stability of biodiesel.

Westbrook, S. R.

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

Biodiesel Production by the Green Microalga Scenedesmus obliquus in a Recirculatory Aquaculture System  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...content of S. obliquus biodiesel was found to vary between...the mass production of algae is the ability to maintain...2004. Integrated biodiesel production: a comparison...and Y Nelson. 2009. Algae grown on dairy and municipal...135 :1115-1122. Biodiesel production by the green...

Shovon Mandal; Nirupama Mallick

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

Ris Energy Report 2 Biodiesel is produced from vegetable oils that have been  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

6.2 Risø Energy Report 2 Biodiesel is produced from vegetable oils that have been chemically (canola) oil with methanol. Biodiesel can be burned directly in diesel engines. Robert Diesel himself to producing low-cost biodiesel is to select clever blends of the cheapest feedstocks available, while main

396

Western Kentucky University Research Foundation Biodiesel Project  

SciTech Connect

Petroleum-based liquid hydrocarbons is exclusively major energy source in the transportation sector. Thus, it is the major CO{sub 2} source which is the associated with greenhouse effect. In the United States alone, petroleum consumption in the transportation sector approaches 13.8 million barrels per day (Mbbl/d). It is corresponding to a release of 0.53 gigatons of carbon per year (GtC/yr), which accounts for approximate 7.6 % of the current global release of CO{sub 2} from all of the fossil fuel usage (7 GtC/yr). For the long term, the conventional petroleum production is predicted to peak in as little as the next 10 years to as high as the next 50 years. Negative environmental consequences, the frequently roaring petroleum prices, increasing petroleum utilization and concerns about competitive supplies of petroleum have driven dramatic interest in producing alternative transportation fuels, such as electricity-based, hydrogen-based and bio-based transportation alternative fuels. Use of either of electricity-based or hydrogen-based alternative energy in the transportation sector is currently laden with technical and economical challenges. The current energy density of commercial batteries is 175 Wh/kg of battery. At a storage pressure of 680 atm, the lower heating value (LHV) of H{sub 2} is 1.32 kWh/liter. In contrast, the corresponding energy density for gasoline can reach as high as 8.88 kWh/liter. Furthermore, the convenience of using a liquid hydrocarbon fuel through the existing infrastructures is a big deterrent to replacement by both batteries and hydrogen. Biomass-derived ethanol and bio-diesel (biofuels) can be two promising and predominant U.S. alternative transportation fuels. Both their energy densities and physical properties are comparable to their relatives of petroleum-based gasoline and diesel, however, biofuels are significantly environmental-benign. Ethanol can be made from the sugar-based or starch-based biomass materials, which is easily fermented to create ethanol. In the United States almost all starch ethanol is mainly manufactured from corn grains. The technology for manufacturing corn ethanol can be considered mature as of the late 1980s. In 2005, 14.3 % of the U.S. corn harvest was processed to produce 1.48 x10{sup 10} liters of ethanol, energetically equivalent to 1.72 % of U.S. gasoline usage. Soybean oil is extracted from 1.5 % of the U.S. soybean harvest to produce 2.56 x 10{sup 8} liters of bio-diesel, which was 0.09 % of U.S. diesel usage. However, reaching maximum rates of bio-fuel supply from corn and soybeans is unlikely because these crops are presently major contributors to human food supplies through livestock feed and direct consumption. Moreover, there currently arguments on that the conversion of many types of many natural landscapes to grow corn for feedstock is likely to create substantial carbon emissions that will exacerbate globe warming. On the other hand, there is a large underutilized resource of cellulose biomass from trees, grasses, and nonedible parts of crops that could serve as a feedstock. One of the potentially significant new bio-fuels is so called "cellulosic ethanol", which is dependent on break-down by microbes or enzymes. Because of technological limitations (the wider variety of molecular structures in cellulose and hemicellulose requires a wider variety of microorganisms to break them down) and other cost hurdles (such as lower kinetics), cellulosic ethanol can currently remain in lab scales. Considering farm yields, commodity and fuel prices, farm energy and agrichemical inputs, production plant efficiencies, byproduct production, greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, and other environmental effects, a life-cycle evaluation of competitive indicated that corn ethanol yields 25 % more energy than the energy invested in its production, whereas soybean bio-diesel yields 93 % more. Relative to the fossil fuels they displace, greenhouse gas emissions are reduced 12 % by the production and combustion of ethanol and 41 % by bio-diesel. Bio-diesel also releases less ai

Pan, Wei-Ping [Principal Investigator] [Principal Investigator; Cao, Yan [Co-Principal Investigator] [Co-Principal Investigator

2013-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

397

UBC Social Ecological Economic Development Studies (SEEDS) Student Report Rapidly Renewable Materials Soy and Bio-Diesel  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Materials ­ Soy and Bio-Diesel Navin Abeysundara Brian Lee Aramazd Gharapetian University of British RENEWABLE MATERIALS ­ SOY AND BIO-DIESEL SUBMITTED TO Florence Luo By: Navin Abeysundara Brian Lee Aramazd based spray foam and bio-diesel furnaces. Soy based spray foam and biodiesel furnaces were considered

398

Status of biodiesel research and development in Pakistan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Performance of biodiesel in engines is well established and biodiesel is currently adjudged as a low carbon fuel with the most potential of replacing fossil fuels. The fossil fuel sources are dwindling in Pakistan resulting in importation of about 8.1 million tonnes at approximately US$ 9.4 billion per annum. In the ambit of this justification, augmenting the energy scarce resources in Pakistan through intense harnessing of the varied biodiesel sources can adequately address the deficiency and can ensure energy security. Towards this end, the progress attained in biodiesel related researches in Pakistan are evaluated and presented with the view of highlighting ways of achieving the target set by the Government. A feedstock that drew less attention is spent triglycerides, and the little work reported by some organizations appeared promising. Now the onus is upon organizations such as the Alternative Energy Development Board and Pakistan State Oil to harness the research results from several indigenous Universities and develop a full-scale biodiesel economy in Pakistan.

Mohammed Harun Chakrabarti; Mehmood Ali; Jafar Nazir Usmani; Nasim Ahmed Khan; Diya'uddeen Basheer Hasan; Md. Sakinul Islam; Abdul Aziz Abdul Raman; Rozita Yusoff; Muhammad Faisal Irfan

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

Potential feedstock supply and costs for biodiesel production  

SciTech Connect

Without considering technology constraints, tallows and waste greases have definite potential as feedstocks for the production of biodiesel in the United States. These materials are less expensive than most oils produced from oilseed crops such as soybeans, sunflowers, canola and rapeseed. At current crude petroleum prices, biodiesel derived from any of these materials will be more expensive than diesel derived from petroleum. However, when compared to other clean burning alternate fuels, recent data suggest biodiesel blends produced from any of these feedstocks may be the lowest total cost alternative fuel in certain areas of the United States. Economic feasibility analyses were performed to investigate the cost of producing biodiesel ($/gallon) subject to variances in feedstock cost, by-product credit (glycerol and meal) and capital costs. Cost of production per gallon of esterified biodiesel from soybean, sunflower, tallow and yellow grease ranged from $0.96 to $3.39 subject to feedstock and chemical costs, by-product credit and system capital cost.

Nelson, R.G. [Kansas State Univ., Manhattan, KS (United States); Howell, S.A. [MARC-IV, Bucyrus, KS (United States); Weber, J.A. [Univ. of Missouri, Columbia, MO (United States)

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

400

Mid America Biodiesel LLC MAB | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Biodiesel LLC MAB Biodiesel LLC MAB Jump to: navigation, search Name Mid-America Biodiesel, LLC (MAB) Place Enfield, Illinois Zip 62835-2328 Product Illinois-based company producing biological products. Coordinates 36.181032°, -77.662805° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":36.181032,"lon":-77.662805,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "methyl esters biodiesel" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

RTD Biodiesel (B20) Transit Bus Evaluation: Interim Review Summary  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

RTD Biodiesel (B20) Transit RTD Biodiesel (B20) Transit Bus Evaluation: Interim Review Summary K. Proc, R. Barnitt, and R.L. McCormick Technical Report NREL/TP-540-38364 August 2005 RTD Biodiesel (B20) Transit Bus Evaluation: Interim Review Summary K. Proc, R. Barnitt, and R.L. McCormick Prepared under Task No. FC05.9400 Technical Report NREL/TP-540-38364 August 2005 National Renewable Energy Laboratory 1617 Cole Boulevard, Golden, Colorado 80401-3393 303-275-3000 * www.nrel.gov Operated for the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy by Midwest Research Institute * Battelle Contract No. DE-AC36-99-GO10337 NOTICE This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States government. Neither the United States government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any

402

Biodiesel Production and Blending Tax Credit (Kentucky) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Production and Blending Tax Credit (Kentucky) Production and Blending Tax Credit (Kentucky) No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Last modified on February 12, 2013. EZFeed Policy Place Kentucky Name Biodiesel Production and Blending Tax Credit (Kentucky) Policy Category Financial Incentive Policy Type Corporate Tax Incentive Affected Technologies Biomass/Biogas Active Policy Yes Implementing Sector State/Province Primary Website http://energy.ky.gov/biofuels/Pages/biofuelsIncentives.aspx Summary blended biodiesel does not qualify. The biodiesel tax credit is applied against the corporation income tax imposed under KRS 141.040 and/or the limited liability entity tax (LLET) imposed under KRS 141.0401. The amount

403

Table 2. U.S. Biodiesel Production, Sales, and Stocks  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

U.S. Biodiesel Production, Sales, and Stocks" U.S. Biodiesel Production, Sales, and Stocks" "(million gallons)" "Period","B100 Production",,"Sales of B100",,"Sales of B100 Included in Biodiesel Blends",,"Ending Stocks of B100",,"B100 Stock Change" 2011 "January",35.355469,,21.760435,,9.397668,,16.705962,,3.900173 "February",40.342355,,27.263997,,13.027514,,17.367083,,0.661121 "March",59.59017,,40.879532,,16.804541,,19.178192,,1.811109 "April",71.0517,,47.320311,,21.819273,,21.000047,,1.821855 "May",77.196652,,49.520679,,27.20637,,23.448551,,2.448504 "June",81.39104,,61.776718,,23.965853,,19.302451,,-4.1461 "July",91.679738,,65.997152,,22.388332,,22.956565,,3.654114

404

Alternative Fuels Data Center: St. Louis Airport Relies on Biodiesel and  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

St. Louis Airport St. Louis Airport Relies on Biodiesel and Natural Gas Vehicles to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: St. Louis Airport Relies on Biodiesel and Natural Gas Vehicles on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: St. Louis Airport Relies on Biodiesel and Natural Gas Vehicles on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: St. Louis Airport Relies on Biodiesel and Natural Gas Vehicles on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: St. Louis Airport Relies on Biodiesel and Natural Gas Vehicles on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: St. Louis Airport Relies on Biodiesel and Natural Gas Vehicles on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: St. Louis Airport Relies on Biodiesel and Natural Gas Vehicles on AddThis.com...

405

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Tax Refund for Methanol Used in Biodiesel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Tax Refund for Tax Refund for Methanol Used in Biodiesel Production to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Tax Refund for Methanol Used in Biodiesel Production on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Tax Refund for Methanol Used in Biodiesel Production on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Tax Refund for Methanol Used in Biodiesel Production on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Tax Refund for Methanol Used in Biodiesel Production on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Tax Refund for Methanol Used in Biodiesel Production on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Tax Refund for Methanol Used in Biodiesel Production on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search

406

Los Alamos National Laboratory considers the use of biodiesel.  

SciTech Connect

A new EPA-approved alternative fuel, called biodiesel, may soon be used at Los Alamos National Laboratory in everything from diesel trucks to laboratory equipment. Biodiesel transforms vegetable oils into a renewable, cleaner energy source that can be used in any machinery that uses diesel fuel. For the past couple years, the Laboratory has been exploring the possibility of switching over to soybean-based biodiesel. This change could lead to many health and environmental benefits, as well as help reduce the nation's dependence on foreign oil. Biodiesel is a clean, renewable diesel fuel substitute made from soybean and other vegetable oil crops, as well as from recycled cooking oils. A chemical process breaks down the vegetable oil into a usable form. Vegetable oil has a chain of about 18 carbons and ordinary diesel has about 12 or 13 carbons. The process breaks the carbon chains of the vegetable oil and separates out the glycerin (a fatty substance used in creams and soaps). The co-product of glycerin can be used by pharmaceutical and cosmetic companies, as well as many other markets. Once the chains are shortened and the glycerin is removed from the oil, the remaining liquid is similar to petroleum diesel fuel. It can be burned in pure form or in a blend of any proportion with petroleum diesel. To be considered an alternative fuel source by the EPA, the blend must be at least 20 percent biodiesel (B20). According to the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), biodiesel is America's fastest growing alternative fuel.

Matlin, M. K. (Marla K.)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Table 3. U.S. Inputs to Biodiesel Production  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

U.S. Inputs to Biodiesel Production U.S. Inputs to Biodiesel Production (million pounds) 2011 January 8 17 - W 150 W 14 11 February 26 13 - W 150 W 14 11 March 68 14 - W 190 W 19 27 April 88 20 - W 236 W 15 47 May 113 21 - W 264 W 16 36 June 75 34 - W 311 W 23 49 July 77 35 - W 367 W 26 64 August 84 37 W W 398 W 34 38 September 84 27 W W 430 W

408

Experimental Study of Biodiesel Blends’ Effects on Diesel Injection Processes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

It can be said that a lot of studies performed with biodiesel are mere emissions and performances comparisons against a standard diesel fuel using multicylinder engines and fundamental combustion and overall injections aspects are not being completely addressed yet. ... Emissions variations from 2 different engine models and 2 driving cycles were also obsd. ... Lujan, J. M.; Tormos, B.; Salvador, F. J.; Gargar, K. Comparative analysis of a DI diesel engine fuelled with biodiesel blends during the European MVEG-A cycle: Preliminary study (I). ...

José M. Desantes; Raúl Payri; Antonio García; Julien Manin

2009-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

409

Heats of Combustion of Fatty Acids and Fatty Acid Esters  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...The military uses JP-8, a kerosene type hydrocarbon, to fuel most of its vehicles and ... , no traditional biodiesel meets the requirements for heat of combustion, freezing point, viscosity and oxidative stabi...

Felicia Levine; Ronald V. Kayea III…

2014-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

Ester, Alaska: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ester, Alaska: Energy Resources Ester, Alaska: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 64.8472222°, -148.0144444° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":64.8472222,"lon":-148.0144444,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

411

Coalition Cooperation Defines Roadmap for E85 and Biodiesel  

SciTech Connect

This Clean Cities success story relates how Colorado's Colorado Biofuels Coalition was formed and provides guidance on forming other such coalitions. This Colorado's coalition sucessfully increase the number of fueling stations providing biofuels and has goals to the number even more. Plans also include assisting with financing infrastructure, making alternative fuels available to more fleets, and educating about E85 and biodiesel use.

Not Available

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

An Embedded System for Determining Free Glycerol Level in Biodiesel  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Industrial products require strict quality controls and many times these are related to the chemical composition. Traditional reference methods for doing these are expensive and require sophisticated equipment. Flow-Batch (FB) and Flow Injection Analysis ... Keywords: Embedded Systems, Biodiesel, Glycerol, Quality Control, Automation

Gabriel M. Eggly, Paulo H. G. D. Diniz, Rodrigo Santos, Marcelo F. Pistonesi, Mário C. U. Aráujo, Beatriz Fernández Band

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

Oxidative Reforming of Biodiesel Over Molybdenum (IV) Oxide  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

as potential feedstock in solid oxide fuel cells. Petroleum based fuels become scarcer daily, and biodiesel for use in solid oxide fuel cells. This cutting edge area of research continues to be important as energy prove useful for solid oxide fuel cells. METHODS Commercial molybdenum dioxide was used for all tests

Collins, Gary S.

414

GAS TURBINES AND BIODIESEL : A CLARIFICATION OF THE RELATIVE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 GAS TURBINES AND BIODIESEL : A CLARIFICATION OF THE RELATIVE NOX INDICES OF FAME, GASOIL ("tallow"). A key factor for the use of biofuels in gas turbines is their Emissions Indices (NOx, CO, VOC to gas turbines is very scarce. Two recent, independent field tests carried out in Europe (RME

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

415

Solar utility and renewability evaluation for biodiesel production process  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A new design concept using solar utility to supply steam and electricity for biodiesel production was proposed. A new indicator, called the renewability index, was then defined and quantified by exergy to evaluate the benefits of substituting fossil fuel utility facilities with solar utility facilities. To reduce the unfavorable environmental impacts of the biodiesel production process, a novel process on an 8000 t a?1 scale with solar utility facilities was designed and simulated using Aspen Plus. The results show that the amount of fossil fuel consumption saved per year amounts to 1275 t of standard coal and 4676 t of CO2 release is also eliminated every year. The renewability index of the biodiesel production process with solar utility facilities is 99.9%, 10.5% higher than that with fossil fuel utility facilities. The results reported in this paper indicate that the unfavorable environmental impacts of the biodiesel production process also deserve attention and the impacts can be eliminated by using solar utility facilities.

Zhi Hou; Danxing Zheng

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

Atlanta Suburb Greases the Path to Savings with Biodiesel | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Atlanta Suburb Greases the Path to Savings with Biodiesel Atlanta Suburb Greases the Path to Savings with Biodiesel Atlanta Suburb Greases the Path to Savings with Biodiesel December 7, 2011 - 3:33pm Addthis Downtown Smyrna, Georgia, a town that's poised to see big savings thanks to their investment in biodiesel. | Photo by Ken Cook Downtown Smyrna, Georgia, a town that's poised to see big savings thanks to their investment in biodiesel. | Photo by Ken Cook Chris Galm Marketing & Communications Specialist, Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy What does this project do? Reduces fuel consumption Saves the city money Extends the lifespan of city owned service vehicles "We sat down and actually met with several people out of the biodiesel industry and found out how amazingly simple it was for us to do this. To

417

Atlanta Suburb Greases the Path to Savings with Biodiesel | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Atlanta Suburb Greases the Path to Savings with Biodiesel Atlanta Suburb Greases the Path to Savings with Biodiesel Atlanta Suburb Greases the Path to Savings with Biodiesel December 7, 2011 - 3:33pm Addthis Downtown Smyrna, Georgia, a town that's poised to see big savings thanks to their investment in biodiesel. | Photo by Ken Cook Downtown Smyrna, Georgia, a town that's poised to see big savings thanks to their investment in biodiesel. | Photo by Ken Cook Chris Galm Marketing & Communications Specialist, Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy What does this project do? Reduces fuel consumption Saves the city money Extends the lifespan of city owned service vehicles "We sat down and actually met with several people out of the biodiesel industry and found out how amazingly simple it was for us to do this. To

418

Simultaneous saccharification of cassava starch and fermentation of algae for biodiesel production  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A simpler approach to produce biodiesel from cassava starch was established, which successfully integrates the simultaneous saccharification and heterotrophic algal fermentation in an identical system. Batch e...

Yue Lu; Yi Ding; Qingyu Wu

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Optimization of combustion performance and emission of Jatropha biodiesel in a turbocharged LHR diesel engine;.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Bio-diesel derived from the vegetable oils are identified as an excellent alternate fuel for petroleum based diesel fuel used in diesel engines. However, the performance… (more)

Rajendra Prasath B

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

Effects of bio-diesel fuel blends on the performance and emissions of diesel engine.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This study presents an experimental investigation into the effects of running biodiesel fuel blends on conventional diesel engines. Bio fuels provide a way to produce… (more)

Bastiani, Sergio.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "methyl esters biodiesel" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

System-Response Issues Imposed by Biodiesel in a Medium-Duty Diesel Engine  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The objective of the current research is to assess differences in NOx emissions between biodiesel and petroleum diesel fuels, resulting from fundamental issues and system-response issues.

422

Effect of Jatropha based Biodiesel, on Engine Hardware Reliability, Emission and Performance  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Jatropha is a drought-resistant, non-edible plant that can be grown on marginal land and used in the production of biodiesel fuel.

423

Unconventional Air-Stable Interdigitated Bilayer Formed by 2,3-Disubstituted Fatty Acid Methyl Esters  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The diffusion-limited aggregation (DLA) model is applied to describe the formation of the fractal structures of the bilayer as observed in the second plateau. ... For the fluorescence microscopy investigations, the film balance (144 cm2, Riegler & Kirstein) was mounted onto the stage of the Olympus microscope BX-FLA (Hamburg, Germany) equipped with a mercury lamp (USH-102D 100 W, power supply unit BH2-RFL-T3), an objective (LMPLFL 50×), and a CCD camera with a camera controller (Hamamatsu C4742-95, Hamamatsu, Japan). ...

Xiaodong Chen; Susanne Wiehle; Markus Weygand; Gerald Brezesinski; Ute Klenz; Hans-Joachim Galla; Harald Fuchs; Günter Haufe; Lifeng Chi

2005-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

424

Transesterification of rubber seed oil by sonication technique for the production of methyl esters  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The research and development activities in several countries on this subject have been mostly on sunflower, safflor, soybean, rapeseed and peanut among others; most of these being edible in Indian context. Thus, ...

S. Nivetha Ragavan; D. Vetha Roy

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Low Temperature Autoignition of C8H16O2 Ethyl and Methyl Esters...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

500 600 700 800 900 1000 300 320 340 360 380 400 420 Apparent Heat Release Rate (kJDeg) Bulk Cylinder Gas Temperature (K) CA (Deg) -0.01 0.01 0.03 0.05 0.07 0.09 0.11 50 250 450...

426

Experimental and Computational Thermochemical Study of 2-and 3-Thiopheneacetic Acid Methyl Esters  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, biodiagnostics, electronic and optoelectronic devices, and conductive polymers. The present study reports found widespread use in modern drug design,3 biodiagnostics,4 electronic and optoelectronic devices,5

Chickos, James S.

427

Beyond Fatty Acid Methyl Esters: Expanding the Renewable Carbon Profile with Alkenones from Isochrysis sp.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

¶ Department of Botany, Faculty of Science, Alexandria University, Alexandria 21526, Egypt ... (a) Mata, T. M.; Martins, A. A.; Caetano, N. S. Renewable Sustainable Energy Rev. 2010, 14, 217– 232 ...

Gregory W. O’Neil; Catherine A. Carmichael; Tyler J. Goepfert; James M. Fulton; Gerhard Knothe; Connie Pui Ling Lau; Scott R. Lindell; Nagwa G-E. Mohammady; Benjamin A. S. Van Mooy; Christopher M. Reddy

2012-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

428

Biodiesel production and Environmental CO2 cleanup using Oleaginous Microorganisms from Al-Hassa area in Saudi Arabia  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Biodiesel production is rapidly moving towards the mainstream as an alternative source of energy. Algae oil is one of the viable feed stocks among others to produce Biodiesel. However the difficulties in efficien...

Abdulaziz El-Sinawi; Mohammad Shathele

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Biodiesel is produced from a wide variety of oilseed crops. In Europe, canola is the major biodiesel crop while in the U.S. soybeans dominate. Montana State University researchers have developed a  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Technology Biodiesel is produced from a wide variety of oilseed crops. In Europe, canola is the major biodiesel crop while in the U.S. soybeans dominate. Montana State University researchers have plants used for biodiesel. Seed oil content increases are induced by puroindoline genes which promote

Maxwell, Bruce D.

430

Biodiesel is produced from a wide variety of oilseed crops. In Europe, canola is the major biodiesel crop while in the U.S. soybeans dominates. Montana State University and USDA researchers have  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Technology Biodiesel is produced from a wide variety of oilseed crops. In Europe, canola is the major biodiesel crop while in the U.S. soybeans dominates. Montana State University and USDA researchers to work for a broad range of oilseed plants including biodiesel and cereal crops. Increased oil

Maxwell, Bruce D.

431

Biodiesel Fuel Property Effects on Particulate Matter Reactivity  

SciTech Connect

Controlling diesel particulate emissions to meet the 2007 U.S. standard requires the use of a diesel particulate filter (DPF). The reactivity of soot, or the carbon fraction of particulate matter, in the DPF and the kinetics of soot oxidation are important in achieving better control of aftertreatment devices. Studies showed that biodiesel in the fuel can increase soot reactivity. This study therefore investigated which biodiesel fuel properties impact reactivity. Three fuel properties of interest included fuel oxygen content and functionality, fuel aromatic content, and the presence of alkali metals. To determine fuel effects on soot reactivity, the performance of a catalyzed DPF was measured with different test fuels through engine testing and thermo-gravimetric analysis. Results showed no dependence on the aromatic content or the presence of alkali metals in the fuel. The presence and form of fuel oxygen was the dominant contributor to faster DPF regeneration times and soot reactivity.

Williams, A.; Black, S.; McCormick, R. L.

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Performance and emission evaluation of biodiesel fueled diesel engine abetted with exhaust gas recirculation and Ni coated catalytic converter  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This article summarizes the results of a laboratory exertion to evaluate the performance and emission parameters of a single cylinder water cooled direct injection diesel engine with and without the aid of exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) as well as with and without the assistance of nickel coated catalytic converter. Neat diesel ethyl esters of waste frying oil (B100) and its diesel blends (B20 and B40) were used as test fuels to assess the various engine operating parameters. Conjointly in this work the effects of emission characteristics by incorporating nickel coated catalytic converter along with 0% 15% and 20% of HOT EGR technique are elaborately discussed. Experimental results proved that the diesel engine operated up to B40 blends assisted by catalytic converter and 15% EGR level showed an adequate reduction in oxides of nitrogen in the exhaust pipe. Also EGR level up to 15% proved reasonable brake thermal efficiency and specific fuel consumption when the test engine operated up to B40 biodiesel-diesel blends.

D. Subramaniam; A. Murugesan; A. Avinash

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Importance of algae oil as a source of biodiesel  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Algae are the fastest-growing plants in the world. Industrial reactors for algal culture are open ponds, photobioreactors and closed systems. Algae are very important as a biomass source. Algae will some day be competitive as a source for biofuel. Different species of algae may be better suited for different types of fuel. Algae can be grown almost anywhere, even on sewage or salt water, and does not require fertile land or food crops, and processing requires less energy than the algae provides. Algae can be a replacement for oil based fuels, one that is more effective and has no disadvantages. Algae are among the fastest-growing plants in the world, and about 50% of their weight is oil. This lipid oil can be used to make biodiesel for cars, trucks, and airplanes. Microalgae have much faster growth-rates than terrestrial crops. the per unit area yield of oil from algae is estimated to be from 20,000 to 80,000 l per acre, per year; this is 7–31 times greater than the next best crop, palm oil. The lipid and fatty acid contents of microalgae vary in accordance with culture conditions. Most current research on oil extraction is focused on microalgae to produce biodiesel from algal oil. Algal-oil processes into biodiesel as easily as oil derived from land-based crops.

Ayhan Demirbas; M. Fatih Demirbas

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

Effect of biodiesel fuels on diesel engine emissions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The call for the use of biofuels which is being made by most governments following international energy policies is presently finding some resistance from car and components manufacturing companies, private users and local administrations. This opposition makes it more difficult to reach the targets of increased shares of use of biofuels in internal combustion engines. One of the reasons for this resistance is a certain lack of knowledge about the effect of biofuels on engine emissions. This paper collects and analyzes the body of work written mainly in scientific journals about diesel engine emissions when using biodiesel fuels as opposed to conventional diesel fuels. Since the basis for comparison is to maintain engine performance, the first section is dedicated to the effect of biodiesel fuel on engine power, fuel consumption and thermal efficiency. The highest consensus lies in an increase in fuel consumption in approximate proportion to the loss of heating value. In the subsequent sections, the engine emissions from biodiesel and diesel fuels are compared, paying special attention to the most concerning emissions: nitric oxides and particulate matter, the latter not only in mass and composition but also in size distributions. In this case the highest consensus was found in the sharp reduction in particulate emissions.

Magín Lapuerta; Octavio Armas; José Rodríguez-Fernández

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

PERFORMANCE OF THE CAPSTONE C30 MICROTURBINE ON BIODIESEL BENDS.  

SciTech Connect

This report will describe the tests of biodiesel blends as a fuel in a Capstone oil fired microturbine (C30) with a nominal rating of 30 kW. The blends, in ASTM No. 2 heating oil, ranged from 0% to 100% biodiesel. No changes were made to the microturbine system for operation on the blends. Apart from the data that the control computer acquires on various turbine parameters, measurements were made in the hot gas exhaust from the turbine. The results from this performance testing and from the atomization tests reported previously provide some insight into the use of biodiesel blends in microturbines of this type. The routine use of such blends would need more tests to establish that the life of the critical components of the microturbine are not diminished from what they are on the baseline diesel or heating fuel. Of course, the extension to 'widespread' use of such blends in generating systems based on the microturbine is also determined by economic and other considerations.

KRISHNA,C.R.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Coolidge Petrosun Optimum Biodiesel Plant | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Coolidge Petrosun Optimum Biodiesel Plant Coolidge Petrosun Optimum Biodiesel Plant Jump to: navigation, search Name Coolidge Petrosun/Optimum Biodiesel Plant Place Coolidge, Arizona Sector Biofuels Product Joint venture between PetroSun Biofuels (a wholly-owned subsidiary of PetroSun) and Optimum Biofuels, which was created for the specific purpose of this project. Coordinates 31.75442°, -96.649254° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":31.75442,"lon":-96.649254,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

437

Use of Biodiesel-Derived Crude Glycerol for Producing Eicosapentaenoic Acid (EPA) by the Fungus Pythium irregulare  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Use of Biodiesel-Derived Crude Glycerol for Producing Eicosapentaenoic Acid (EPA) by the Fungus Pythium irregulare ... Crude glycerol is a major byproduct for the biodiesel industry. ... Biodiesel; crude glycerol; soap; methanol; eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA); proximate analysis; fatty acids profile; amino acid composition; elemental composition; heavy metal contamination ...

Sneha K. Athalye; Rafael A. Garcia; Zhiyou Wen

2009-03-06T23:59:59.000Z

438

Preparation of {alpha},{beta}-unsaturated carboxylic acids and esters  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Disclosed is a process for the preparation of {alpha},{beta}-unsaturated carboxylic acids and esters thereof which comprises contacting formaldehyde or a source of formaldehyde with a carboxylic acid, ester or anhydride in the presence of a catalyst comprising an oxide of niobium.

Gogate, M.R.; Spivey, J.J.; Zoeller, J.R.

1998-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

439

E-Print Network 3.0 - activated ester self-assembled Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ester) Summary: behavior of DNA with the polymer to form self-assembled PHP esterDNA complexes was characterized... 3 and 4). Condensation of Polyanion by...

440

E-Print Network 3.0 - acid esters evaluated Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Abstract... This paper describes an exploratory study on the synthesis of fatty acidpotato starch esters using... : potato starch, fatty acid starch esters, starch laurate, ......

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "methyl esters biodiesel" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Mass Production of Biodiesel From Algae UROP Summer 2008 Project Proposal  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Mass Production of Biodiesel From Algae UROP Summer 2008 Project Proposal Steven A. Biorn Faculty at the University of Minnesota Twin Cities campus. The project involves the mass production of biodiesel and other energy products from algae. The first step in this process is to select species of algae with high growth

Minnesota, University of

442

Life cycle inventory of biodiesel and petroleum diesel for use in an urban bus. Final report  

SciTech Connect

This report presents the findings from a study of the life cycle inventories for petroleum diesel and biodiesel. It presents information on raw materials extracted from the environment, energy resources consumed, and air, water, and solid waste emissions generated. Biodiesel is a renewable diesel fuel substitute. It can be made from a variety of natural oils and fats. Biodiesel is made by chemically combining any natural oil or fat with an alcohol such as methanol or ethanol. Methanol has been the most commonly used alcohol in the commercial production of biodiesel. In Europe, biodiesel is widely available in both its neat form (100% biodiesel, also known as B1OO) and in blends with petroleum diesel. European biodiesel is made predominantly from rapeseed oil (a cousin of canola oil). In the United States, initial interest in producing and using biodiesel has focused on the use of soybean oil as the primary feedstock mainly because the United States is the largest producer of soybean oil in the world. 170 figs., 148 tabs.

Sheehan, J.; Camobreco, V.; Duffield, J.; Graboski, M.; Shapouri, H.

1998-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Relatively low-cost solutions could improve reliability while making biodiesel blends an affordable option.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

is vehicle stalling caused by fuel filter clogging, which prevents fuel from reaching the engine. ResearchRelatively low-cost solutions could improve reliability while making biodiesel blends an affordable option. While biodiesel has very low production costs and the potential to displace up to 10

444

Biodiesel Production by the Green Microalga Scenedesmus obliquus in a Recirculatory Aquaculture System  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...biodiesel standards (10). Various fuel properties of S. obliquus biodiesel...combustion of a unit weight of fuel. It was determined by bomb...measures the readiness of the fuel to autoignite when injected...contained in a moisture-free vessel. The sample was continuously...

Shovon Mandal; Nirupama Mallick

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Biodiesel Clears the Air in Underground Mines, Clean Cities, Fact Sheet, June 2009  

SciTech Connect

Mining companies are using biodiesel in their equipment to help clear the air of diesel particulate matter (DPM). This action improves air quality and protects miners' lungs. Though using biodiesel has some challenges in cold weather, tax incentives, and health benefits make it a viable option.

Not Available

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Bioconversion of dairy manure by black soldier fly (Diptera: Stratiomyidae) for biodiesel and sugar production  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Bioconversion of dairy manure by black soldier fly (Diptera: Stratiomyidae) for biodiesel and sugar, a State Key Laboratory of Agricultural Microbiology, National Engineering Research Centre of Microbial (BSFL) are consid- ered as a new biotechnology to convert dairy manure into biodiesel and sugar. BSFL

Tomberlin, Jeff

447

Environmental, economic, and energetic costs and benefits of biodiesel and ethanol biofuels  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...we find that life-cycle GHG emissions of soybean...biodiesel are 59% those of diesel fuel. It is important...justified if their life-cycle environmental impacts...cost was $0.55 per diesel EEL (16, 18), whereas...biodiesel suggest that, in general, biofuels would...

Jason Hill; Erik Nelson; David Tilman; Stephen Polasky; Douglas Tiffany

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Engineering Escherichia coli for Biodiesel Production Utilizing a Bacterial Fatty Acid Methyltransferase  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...production of low-cost biofuels in...the world's energy demands. Biodiesel is a renewable fuel that can...in microbes cost-effectively...the world's energy demands. Biodiesel is a renewable fuel that can...in microbes cost-effectively...

Parwez Nawabi; Stefan Bauer; Nikos Kyrpides; Athanasios Lykidis

2011-09-16T23:59:59.000Z

449

Analysis of Biodiesel/Petroleum Diesel Blends with Comprehensive Two-Dimensional Gas Chromatography  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography (GC GC...assembled from a conventional gas chromatograph fitted with...bined with the high cost of crude oil, has sparked...interest in biodiesel production and distribution. Biodiesel...methods use single column gas chromatography (GC......

John V. Seeley; Stacy K. Seeley; Elise K. Libby; James D. McCurry

450

Evaluating the Potential for Large-Scale Biodiesel Deployments in a Global Context  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-diesel imports with biodiesel? 4. What is the cost of self-sufficiency from petroleum-diesel imports potentially supply over 400 billion liters fuels -- essentially erasing all new petroleum demand from China can profit the most from biodiesel exports? 3. Which countries can profitably offset petrol

Wisconsin at Madison, University of

451

Advances in synthesis of biodiesel via enzyme catalysis: Novel and sustainable approaches  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Biodiesel, a renewable fuel has a great potential in fulfilling an ever-increasing transport fuel demand. The enzymatic conversion process of feedstock oil to biodiesel is greener when compared to the conventional approach of chemical conversion due to mild reaction conditions and less wastewater generation. Lipases obtained from various microbial sources have been widely applied as catalysts for the conversion of oil to biodiesel. Biodiesel and glycerol obtained by enzymatic conversion have shown a higher purity as compared to that obtained by other conversion techniques. Enzymatic conversion of oil to biodiesel is less energy intensive because of milder reaction conditions and fewer purification steps involved in processing. Lipases, due to their catalytic efficiency and specificity, have emerged as a great tool for converting a wide range of feedstock oils to biodiesel. This manuscript presents an overview of the use of enzymatic conversion for making biodiesel production sustainable and environmentally-friendly. The constraints of enzymatic conversion are the high cost of the enzyme and its inhibition by alcohol and glycerol. The possible solutions to overcome these constraints are discussed. Recent advances to develop an effective process for enzymatic conversion of feedstock oils into biodiesel are critically evaluated. Prospective and challenges in scaling up of this technology are also discussed.

Abhishek Guldhe; Bhaskar Singh; Taurai Mutanda; Kugen Permaul; Faizal Bux

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Hybrid biofuels from non-edible oils: A comparative standpoint with corresponding biodiesel  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Exploration of new non-edible feedstocks for biofuel production and the use of economically favorable conversion technologies could significantly contribute to bioenergy research. In this regard the present investigation aims to highlighten hybrid biofuels (HBFs) prepared from crude vegetable oils of five locally available plant species namely, Gmelina arborea Roxb (GAO), Mimusops elengi Linn (MEO), Acer laurinum Hasskarl (ALO), Thevetia peruviana Schum (TPO) and Mesua ferrea Linn (MFO). This new approach does not involve any chemical reactions and can substantially reduce the production cost of vegetable oil based biofuels. Besides, the HBF systems prepared here can be 100% renewable as they only contain vegetable oil, butanol and ethanol, all products derived from biomass. The naturally occurring mono-, di-glycerides and free fatty acid (FFA)s in crude vegetable oils (or esters in pretreated oils) functioned as surfactants in the formulation of stable fuel systems. The fuel properties of the formulations were affected by the concentrations of these compounds in the vegetable oil. The optimum formulations (oil:butanol:ethanol ratio of 60:30:10) exhibited viscosity (4.7–5.4 mm2/s), density (0.86–0.88 gm/cm3) and gross calorific values (38.91–39.18 MJ/kg) comparable with their corresponding fatty acid methyl esters (FAMEs). Moreover, they show superior cold flow properties than FAMEs. The present investigation suggests that non-edible oil based HBF systems formulated in the study containing ‘bio-based’ and ‘green’ surface active agents in the system offers economically attractive candidature for the future biofuel industry.

Plaban Bora; Lakhya Jyoti Konwar; Jutika Boro; Mayur Mausoom Phukan; Dhanapati Deka; Bolin Kumar Konwar

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Would You Consider Driving a Vehicle that Can Run on Biodiesel? |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Would You Consider Driving a Vehicle that Can Run on Biodiesel? Would You Consider Driving a Vehicle that Can Run on Biodiesel? Would You Consider Driving a Vehicle that Can Run on Biodiesel? September 16, 2010 - 7:30am Addthis On Monday, Shannon told you about biodiesel, a renewable fuel that can power a vehicle using less fuel and producing fewer greenhouse gas emissions. DOE has an Alternative Fuel Station Locator that can help drivers find the nearest fueling station to fill up their vehicles. Would you consider driving a vehicle that can run on biodiesel? Why or why not? Each Thursday, you have the chance to share your thoughts on a question about energy efficiency or renewable energy for consumers. Please comment with your answers, and also feel free to respond to other comments. E-mail your responses to the Energy Saver team at

454

The effect of algae species on biodiesel and biogas production observed by using a data model combines algae cultivation with an anaerobic digestion (ACAD) and a biodiesel process  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The influence of an algae species based on the biodiesel yield was investigated by using a combined plant model from the literature. The model has six different processes: algal cultivation, the flocculation and separation process, biodiesel production, anaerobic digestion, scrubbing, and combined heat and power (CHP). The data model in the literature was operated with the values for Chlorella vulgaris. To investigate the roles of the algae species on the biodiesel yield in the model, two different algae species, Nannochloropsis sp. and Haematococcus pluvialis, were selected. Depending on the data from these algae in the literature, three different scenarios were modeled in the study. The model shows that all of the scenarios for biodiesel production can be totally independent of an external energy supply. Energy estimations for all of the applications scenarios show that the system produces more energy than the amount that is required for the processing operation.

Zehra Sapci; John Morken

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Synthesis and Decarboxylative Coupling of Sulfonyl Acetic Esters  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The synthesis and palladium-catalyzed decarboxylative allylation (DCA) of ?-sulfonyl allyl esters is the central focus of this dissertation. Specifically we describe the development of the racemic reaction in which the scope and mechanism...

Weaver, Jimmie Dean

2010-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

456

Experimental Investigations of Oxidation Stability of Biodiesel Produced from Manketti Seeds Oil (Schinziophyton rautanenii)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

(3-5) It is a nontoxic, biodegradable, and renewable fuel that can be used in diesel engines and is becoming one of the fastest growing fuels in the global fuel market. ... Also, it should be noted that the acceptance of biodiesel quality by the markets and consumers is of considerable significance, but the chemical nature of the biodiesel makes it more susceptible to oxidation compared to mineral diesel during long-term storage, which is one of the outstanding technical problems with biodiesel. ...

Thomas T. Kivevele; Makame M. Mbarawa

2011-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

457

Applications of Highly Cross Linked Mixed Bed Ion Exchange Resins in Biodiesel Processing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to reach 11% of the domestic market by 2010 [13]. In order to increase future demand while also increasing the amount of diesel vehicles, the US market is currently attempting to double its biodiesel production. Today in the US there are 148 biodiesel... the Business, Analytical Methodologies, second ed., Biodiesel Basics, United States, 2006. [3]A. Srivastava, R. Prasad, Triglycerides-based diesel fuels, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 4 (2000) 111-133. [4]Y. Zhang, M.A. Dub?, D. D. McLean, M...

Jamal, Yousuf

2010-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

458

Life Cycle GHG Emissions from Microalgal Biodiesel – A CA-GREET Model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Life Cycle GHG Emissions from Microalgal Biodiesel – A CA-GREET Model ... A life cycle assessment (LCA) focused on greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from the production of microalgal biodiesel was carried out based on a detailed engineering and economic analysis. ... Based on detailed mass and energy balances, calculated GHG emissions from this algal biodiesel system are 70% lower than those of conventional diesel fuel, meeting the minimum 50% GHG reduction requirements under the EPA RFS2 and 60% for the European Union Renewable Energy Directive. ...

Ian C. Woertz; John R. Benemann; Niu Du; Stefan Unnasch; Dominick Mendola; B. Greg Mitchell; Tryg J. Lundquist

2014-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

459

Biodiesel Production in a Semiarid Environment: A Life Cycle Assessment Approach  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Life cycle assessment (LCA) of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from biodiesel production has mainly focused on biodiesel production from soybean and rapeseed (or canola) oils produced in Argentina, Brazil, China, South Africa, and the USA,(1-5) with very few studies conducted for semiarid climates. ... Approximately 1 kg of canola seeds was required to produce 0.44 L of canola oil,(16) with an oil expeller efficiency of 75%; in turn 1 L of canola oil produced 1 L of biodiesel (BE Bioenergy, Victoria, Stephen Hobb, Pers. ...

Wahidul K. Biswas; Louise Barton; Daniel Carter

2011-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

460

Biodiesel production in Brazil: Current scenario and perspectives  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract As a result of the search for energy stability and for the guarantee of national security after the oil crisis in the 70s, many developed and developing countries started studies and researches in order to develop alternative energy sources. Currently Brazil stands out in this field by diversifying its energy mix, having a large share of renewable energy sources, so much that in 2010 it stood in second place in global biodiesel production, just behind Germany. This fuel is to Brazil?s economy a renewable and effective source, which aims to complement the national energy matrix and to ensure the security of the country against the impact caused by the fluctuations of the value of petroleum in the exportation market. Moreover, despite of the fact that soybean oilseed crop is the responsible for most of the production of biodiesel, the country has continental extensions and a favorable climate that proposes the cultivation of a wide range of other oil crops that can supply the demand for raw material needed in order to obtain the fuel. Due to its large installed production capacity and favorable condition concerning raw materials, Brazil could become a point of reference for biofuel production and, together with its noble destination in producing, for other forms of fuel too, such as biokerosene and aviation biofuel.

Paulo André Cremonez; Michael Feroldi; Willian Cézar Nadaleti; Eduardo de Rossi; Armin Feiden; Mariele Pasuch de Camargo; Filipe Eliazar Cremonez; Felipe Fernandes Klajn

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "methyl esters biodiesel" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Investigation and Optimization of Biodiesel Chemistry for HCCI Combustion  

SciTech Connect

Over the past 5 years, ORNL has run 95 diesel range fuels in homogene-ous charge compression ignition (HCCI), including 40 bio-diesels and associated diesel fuels in their blending. The bio-diesel blends varied in oxygen content, iodine number, cetane, boiling point distribution, chemical composition, and some contained nitrogen. All fuels were run in an HCCI engine at 1800 rpm, in the power range of 2.5 to 4.5 bar IMEP, using intake air heating for combustion phasing control, and at a compression ratio of 10.6. The engine response to fuel variables has been analyzed statistically. Generally, the engine responded well to fuels with lower nitrogen and oxygen, lower cetane, and lower aromatics. Because of the wide range of fuels combined in the model, it provides only a broad overview of the engine response. It is recommended that data be truncated and re-modeled to obtain finer resolution of engine response to particular fuel variables.

Bunting, Bruce G. [ORNL; Bunce, Michael [ORNL; Joyce, Blake [ORNL; Crawford, Robert W. [Rincon Ranch Consulting

2014-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

462

Controlling DNA Methylation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Controlling DNA Methylation Though life on earth is composed of a diverse range of organisms, some with many different types of tissues and cells, all these are encoded by a molecule we call DNA. The information required to build a protein is stored in DNA within the cells. Not all the message in the DNA is used in each cell and not all the message is used all the time. During cell differentiation, the cells become dedicated for their specific function which involves selectively activating some genes and repressing others. Gene regulation is an important event in the developmental biology and the biology of various diseases, but a more complex process. Controlling DNA Methylation Though life on earth is composed of a diverse range of organisms, some with many different types of tissues and cells, all these are encoded by a molecule we call DNA. The information required to build a protein is stored in DNA within the cells. Not all the message in the DNA is used in each cell and not all the message is used all the time. During cell differentiation, the cells become dedicated for their specific function which involves selectively activating some genes and repressing others. Gene regulation is an important event in the developmental biology and the biology of various diseases, but a more complex process. In the bacteria there are distinct enzymes while one is capable of cleaving DNA, the other protects DNA by modification. The complementary function provided by the set of enzymes offers a defense mechanism against the phage infection and DNA invasion. The incoming DNA is cleaved sequence specifically by the class of enzymes called restriction endonuclease (REase). The host DNA is protected by the sequence specific action of matching set of enzymes called the DNA methyltransferase (MTase). The control of the relative activities of the REase and MTase is critical because a reduced ratio of MTase/REase activity would lead to cell death via autorestriction. However too high a ratio would fail to provide protection against invading viral DNA. In addition a separate group of proteins capable of controlling R-M proteins have been identified in various restriction-modification (R-M) systems which are called C proteins (Roberts et al., 2003).

463

Biodiesel production from algae oil high in free fatty acids by two-step catalytic conversion  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The effect of storage temperature and time on lipid composition of Scenedesmus sp. was studied. When stored at 4 °C or higher, the free fatty acid content in the wet biomass increased from a trace to 62.0% by day 4. Using two-step catalytic conversion, algae oil with a high free fatty acid content was converted to biodiesel by pre-esterification and transesterification. The conversion rate of triacylglycerols reached 100% under the methanol to oil molar ratio of 12:1 during catalysis with 2% potassium hydroxide at 65 °C for 30 min. This process was scaled up to produce biodiesel from Scenedesmus sp. and Nannochloropsis sp. oil. The crude biodiesel was purified using bleaching earth. Except for moisture content, the biodiesel conformed to Chinese National Standards.

Lin Chen; Tianzhong Liu; Wei Zhang; Xiaolin Chen; Junfeng Wang

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Growth, nitrogen utilization and biodiesel potential for two chlorophytes grown on ammonium, nitrate or urea  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Nitrogen removal from wastewater by algae provides the potential benefit of producing lipids for biodiesel and biomass for anaerobic digestion. Further,...Scenedesmus sp. 131 and Monoraphidium sp. 92 were grown w...

Everett Eustance; Robert D. Gardner; Karen M. Moll…

2013-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

Design and analysis of biodiesel production from algae grown through carbon sequestration  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper addresses the design and techno-economic analysis of an integrated system for the production of biodiesel from algal oil produced via the sequestration ... the reduction in greenhouse gas emissions and...

Grace Pokoo-Aikins; Ahmed Nadim…

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

The future viability of algae-derived biodiesel under economic and technical uncertainties  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This study presents a techno-economic assessment of algae-derived biodiesel under economic and technical uncertainties associated with the development of algal biorefineries. A global sensitivity analysis was performed using a High Dimensional Model Representation (HDMR) method. It was found that, considering reasonable ranges over which each parameter can vary, the sensitivity of the biodiesel production cost to the key input parameters decreases in the following order: algae oil content > algae annual productivity per unit area > plant production capacity > carbon price increase rate. It was also found that the Return on Investment (ROI) is highly sensitive to the algae oil content, and to a lesser extent to the algae annual productivity, crude oil price and price increase rate, plant production capacity, and carbon price increase rate. For a large scale plant (100,000 tonnes of biodiesel per year) the production cost of biodiesel is likely to be £0.8–1.6 per kg.

George Brownbridge; Pooya Azadi; Andrew Smallbone; Amit Bhave; Benjamin Taylor; Markus Kraft

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

Life Cycle Assessment of Biodiesel Production from Microalgae Oil: Effect of Algae Species and Cultivation System  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Different microalgae are widely studied as alternative sources for biodiesel production. They show higher oil productivity values (per area) than oilseed crops and are not used for food industry. For the evalu...

Javier Dufour; Jovita Moreno…

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Life cycle assessment of dewatering routes for algae derived biodiesel processes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Biodiesel derived from algae is considered as a sustainable fuel, but ... minimize the environmental footprint of this process. Algae is grown in dilute liquid cultures, and ... of the greatest challenges for the...

Daniel O’Connell; Mariano Savelski…

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

The effect of CO2 and salinity on the cultivation of Scenedesmus obliquus for biodiesel production  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Biodiesel is a renewable and environmental friendly energy...via...tranesterification from various oil crops such as soy bean, sunflower, palm, and algae. In this work, the microalgae Scenedesmus obliquus, S. arm...

Pakawadee Kaewkannetra; Prayoon Enmak…

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

Comparative life cycle assessment of biodiesel from algae and jatropha: A case study of India  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Algae and jatropha, two types of promising and unconventional biomass, are investigated in this study for large-scale production of biodiesel. The aim is to evaluate the potential advantages and the magnitude of closeness of life cycle balances between these two biodiesel pathways compared to fossil diesel, by taking into account possible uncertainties. The geographical location of this study is India with a prospect of utilizing available wastelands in southern regions. The results indicate that the environmental performance of algal biodiesel is comparable to that of jatropha biodiesel. Both show significant GHG emission and fossil energy depletion reductions which are in the range of 36–40 and 10–25% respectively compared to fossil diesel in the studied geographic context.

Atta Ajayebi; Edgard Gnansounou; Jegannathan Kenthorai Raman

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

Screening, Growth Medium Optimisation and Heterotrophic Cultivation of Microalgae for Biodiesel Production  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This article presents a study on screening of microalgal strains from the Peking University Algae Collection and heterotrophic cultivation for biodiesel production of a selected microalgal strain. Among...Chlorel...

Zongchao Jia; Ying Liu; Maurycy Daroch; Shu Geng…

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

NOx Emissions of Alternative Diesel Fuels:? A Comparative Analysis of Biodiesel and FT Diesel  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study explores the diesel injection and combustion processes in an effort to better understand the differences in NOx emissions between biodiesel, Fischer?Tropsch (FT) diesel, and their blends with a conventional diesel fuel. Emissions studies were ...

James P. Szybist; Stephen R. Kirby; André L. Boehman

2005-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

473

Dieselzymes: development of a stable and methanol tolerant lipase for biodiesel production by directed evolution  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

metha- nol and 1.5 ml of canola oil. This mixture provides aconverting ~76% of the canola oil to biodiesel within 20with less than 15% of the canola oil being converted to

Korman, Tyler P; Sahachartsiri, Bobby; Charbonneau, David M; Huang, Grace L; Beauregard, Marc; Bowie, James U

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

Assessment of fuel efficiency of neem biodiesel (Azadirachta indica) in a single cylinder diesel engine  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Increase of petroleum diesel usage and its environmental pollution necessitate the study of alternate fuel production. Vegetable oils are the viable alternate form of non-polluted, renewable fuel to diesel engines. In this work, the non-edible oil, neem (Azadirachta indica) was used to produce biodiesel by a two step transesterification process. The fuel properties of the biodiesel thus produced were determined by standard methods. It is further tested in a single cylinder diesel engine by mixing with petroleum diesel in various percentages. The brake thermal efficiency (BTE) and specific fuel consumption (SFC) of the engine running with biodiesel blends (10-50%) were compared with the petroleum diesel. The results have shown that the performance of the diesel engine was similar as that of normal diesel and thus the use of biodiesel in diesel engine is viable.

M. Mathiyazhagan; T. Elango; T. Senthilkumar; A. Ganapathi

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

Life-Cycle Assessment of the Use of Jatropha Biodiesel in Indian Locomotives (Revised)  

SciTech Connect

With India's transportation sector relying heavily on imported petroleum-based fuels, the Planning Commission of India and the Indian government recommended the increased use of blended biodiesel in transportation fleets, identifying Jatropha as a potentially important biomass feedstock. The Indian Oil Corporation and Indian Railways are collaborating to increase the use of biodiesel blends in Indian locomotives with blends of up to B20, aiming to reduce GHG emissions and decrease petroleum consumption. To help evaluate the potential for Jatropha-based biodiesel in achieving sustainability and energy security goals, this study examines the life cycle, net GHG emission, net energy ratio, and petroleum displacement impacts of integrating Jatropha-based biodiesel into locomotive operations in India. In addition, this study identifies the parameters that have the greatest impact on the sustainability of the system.

Whitaker, M.; Heath, G.

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

Performance and emissions of a Euro5 small diesel engine fuelled with biodiesel  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This article describes the effects of using neat biodiesel on a modern small displacement passenger car diesel engine, highlighting the need for a specific adjusted electronic control unit (ECU) calibration for biodiesel. Engine performance were evaluated at full load with a standard ECU calibration as well as with an ECU calibration specifically adjusted for biodiesel; Break Specific Fuel Consumption (BSFC) and exhaust emissions was then evaluated at seven part load operating conditions, representative of the New European Driving Cycle (NEDC). Tests showed that through recalibration it is possible to obtain the same performance measured under diesel operation, with benefits in terms of engine-out emissions, especially as far as smoke emissions are concerned. Moreover, particle number and size distribution at engine outlet were also evaluated at part load operating conditions, showing a significant reduction of particle number and mass with biodiesel.

Federico Millo; Davide Simone Vezza; Theodoros Vlachos

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

The performance and the gaseous emissions of two small marine craft diesel engines fuelled with biodiesel  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An experimental investigation of the application of biodiesel (recycled cooking fat and vegetable oil) on small marine craft diesel engines was completed. The tests were performed on Perkins 404C-22 (Marinised) in Boat No. 1 (Fair Countess) and on Nanni Diesel 3.100HE in Boat No. 2 (Aimee 2). The tests were designed and carried out in accordance with the standardised test procedure described in ISO 8178-4 Test Cycle E5. The performance and gaseous emissions of the tested engines were compared and analysed. The test results show that the power output for both trial engines operating with biodiesel were comparable to that fuelled with fossil diesel, but with an increase in fuel consumptions. The \\{NOx\\} emissions were found to be reduced when fuelled with biodiesel. The CO emissions were found to be lower when the engines operated at higher loads using biodiesel.

A.P. Roskilly; S.K. Nanda; Y.D. Wang; J. Chirkowski

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

NREL: News - NREL Survey Shows Dramatic Improvement in B100 Biodiesel  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

213 213 NREL Survey Shows Dramatic Improvement in B100 Biodiesel Quality April 15, 2013 The latest national survey of 100% biodiesel (B100) "blend stock" samples by the U.S. Department of Energy's National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) found that 95% of the samples from 2011-12 met ASTM International fuel quality specifications. The ASTM standards serve as guidelines for industry and are designed to ensure quality at the pump for consumers - along with reliable operation of the nation's vehicles powered by biodiesel blends. "The survey showed a major improvement over results from previous years," NREL Senior Chemist Teresa Alleman said. "In our 2007 survey of B100 biodiesel, less than half of the samples met quality specifications.

479

Biodiesel Vehicle and Infrastructure Codes and Standards Citations (Brochure), NREL (National Renewable Energy Laboratory)  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Vehicle and Infrastructure Codes and Standards Citations Biodiesel Vehicle and Infrastructure Codes and Standards Citations This document lists codes and standards typically used for U.S. biodiesel vehicle and infrastructure projects. To determine which codes and standards apply to a specific project, identify the codes and standards currently in effect within the jurisdiction where the project will be located. Some jurisdictions also have unique ordinances or regulations that could apply. Learn about codes and standards basics at www.afdc.energy.gov/afdc/codes_standards_basics.html. Find biodiesel vehicle and infrastructure codes and standards in these categories: * Definition and Classification of Liquids * Fire Prevention and Fire Risk Control * Building Construction Requirements * Electrical Systems

480

Microalgae-based biodiesel: A multicriteria analysis of the production process using realistic scenarios  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Microalgae-based biodiesel has several benefits over other resources such as less land use, potential cultivation in non-fertile locations, faster growth and especially a high lipid-to-biodiesel yield. Nevertheless, the environmental and economic behavior for high scale production depends on several variables that must be addressed in the scale-up procedure. In this sense, rigorous modeling and multicriteria evaluation are performed in order to achieve optimal topology for third generation biodiesel production. Different scenarios and the most promising technologies tested at pilot scale are assessed. Besides, the sensitivity analysis allows the detection of key operating variables and assumptions that have a direct effect on the lipid content. The deviation of these variables may lead to an erroneous estimation of the scale-up performance of the technology reviewed in the microalgae-based biodiesel process. The modeling and evaluation of different scenarios of the harvesting, oil extraction and transesterification help to identify greener and cheaper alternatives.

Carmen M. Torres; Sergio D. Ríos; Carles Torras; Joan Salvadó; Josep M. Mateo-Sanz; Laureano Jiménez

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "methyl esters biodiesel" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


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